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Full text of "Minutes of the ... annual convention of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod [serial]"

DUKE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 
DURHAM, N. C. 




Rec'd ytS- t& suijL^ j f /9 d/ 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/minutesofannualc56651evan 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



FIFTY-SIXTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



^ 



s 



HELD IN 



ST. JOHN CHURCH, LEXINGTON, S« C. 



OCTOBER, 5-10, 187*6. 



NEW MARKET, VA. : 

Henkel & Co., Printers. 
1876, 



TRANSACTIONS 

OF THE 



Sch.H. 

T V 

FIFTY-SIXTH ANNUAL GOHYJENTIQN " 

OF THE 

Evan. LutL Tennessee Synod, 

if Z HE E V NGELICAL LlfTHKRAN Tennessee Svkou held 

£r ^7P A*' beglD0in S on Thursday, the 5th da.v oiOcto- 
Dei 1876. A sermon was preached bv Rev. J. <J. Moser • 
Ueb. 12: 1,2. 

Synod was opened by the President in the usual form, 
the roll of mmistera was called, and lay-delegates presented 
tneir certificates. 

MINISTERS 

Names. 

1. Rev. H. Goodman,*.... Stateeville, N, C. 

^* i. m'i ' Lincolnton, N. 0. 

3. T.Millee,* Saumsvillc, Va. 

4- J.. E. Peterson, Dallas, N c 

6- S. Henkel, Neu . Markefc Va 

«' ?\ff D ' Pine Bidge, S. O. 

!■ J- M.Smith, Oonover, tf. 0. 

10 « tST "** McGaheysville, Va. 

10. J S. Bbnniok,* Foresfcville, Va. 

11. J N. Stibewalt,* Stony Man, Va. 

it fn'™° X > J Sandy Creek, N. C. 

14 M W 0SER ' China Grove ». C. 

15 . * L - **"*". Beagle'. Store, K. C. 

1 fi a " t" f,° X ' # Waynesboro- Va. 

16. A. L.Cbouse, Summit, S. 0. 

^j_____J^ST^R^AL^^__^ew Market, Va. 
* Excused. f iot excused i — — - — 

222093 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

Names. Churches .Represented. 

Jacob Epting, St. John, Lexington, S. C. 

J. H. Fulmee, St. Peter, Piney Ridge, S. 0. 

J. W. Eargle, St. Jacob, u 

0. Bookman, Bethlehem, .. 

G . H. Drafts, Zion, « 

D.M.Sox, Emanuel, .. 

S. P. Drafts, St. James, « 

D. T. Hare, Cedar Grove, « 

Geo. Long, St. Peter, 

E.J.Price, St. Paul, .. 

F. K. Beck, Grace and Salem, N. C. 

S S. Matjivy, St.Mark,Luth. Chapel, Christ, N. C. 

M. L. Little, Trinity, Bethpage, Philadelphia, and 

Sardis, K. C. 
The President read his Report which was received to 
be referred to the proper Committee. 

presidents report. 

Dear Brethren :-By the gracious providence of our Heaven] v Fath- 
er, we have been brought through the dWeis the trials thi i»w « 
successes and the disappointments of anothti ve'ar an i t\L • ' the 
bled .in Synodical Contention. We meefto Sang e ^bTo^uS 
the joys and sorrows which have fallen to each, and to deTfse new and 
execute old plans for the advancement of the Redeemed Son 

A review of the condition of our Svnod shows littWf ™Tr, • 

place of our dear brother amongst us las been lef \aS Brother 

Most of our pastoral charges are too large and should be divided ■ hut 

^To^rrtv to'addre"? 17 ° f P***™ this ^ * dte;' and 
u uecomes uuty to address ourselves anew to the work and run forth m 
creased efforts to increase the number of ministers P 

of Candid fes T^A osei'and !f L^e^'-J "hT* the / CeDSe 
year to candidate A. L Yount Ue ' and 18SUed llCense for one 

^£SS&S: httle^^ sT t? 

S' h , as « s 'g"«<l Emanuel Cherch, In Union CotmTy N C end 
oandtdate A L w b ig „ed tbe charge of the Scbln MoCe 

1 i\i u j . Lhurch es are still vacant and provision for their snnnlv 

should be made with as little delay as possible. I have aU been inform 
ed tham consequence of feeble health Rev A L Souse has S-ned the" 

Sfjft! m 8 - Car ° lina - ' U is h °P ed ' ^weSSS 
New (Z ZZ P /° Ve V° en f ble him 8 °™ to resume his labors 

gatiS S^^^ 



way in Cleveland Co., N. C. No other new organizations have been re- 
ported to me. 

Education' — To meet the increasing demand for ministers to cultivate 
the fields alreadj' opened and but imperfectly occupied and also open up 
and occupy new ones, a school has been started in the village of Conover, 
Catawba Co., N. C The leading object contemplated in the establish- 
ment of this school is to afford the means of education at the least possi- 
ble cost. To this end it is believed that the location is a favorable one.- — 
It is in the midst of a dense Lutheran population who are generally well 
to do farmers, and the means of living are abundant and cheap. With 
these advantages it is hoped that the enterprise will prove a success. I 
deem it proper to ask the interest of Synod in its behalf. 

Missions. — I again call the attention of the Synod to the work of 
missions, and urge upon it the importance of making provision for cany r - 
ing on this work especially in States lying west of the Mississippi river. — 
During the last fifty years hundreds of Lutheran families have emigrated 
westward and settled in the States of Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas carry- 
ing their Lutheranism with them. Year after year petitions for ministers 
were addressed to Synod by these emigrants, and had timely efforts been 
made in their behalf these emigrants and their descendants might have been 
saved to the Church, and lar^e and flourishing Lutheran congregations 
would now be found where the Lutheran name is scarcely known. Much 
time has been lost, but it is not yet too lale. Something may yet be done. 
Within the last few years, a few ministers have been laboring among these 
people, and have succeeded in gathering some of them up and forming 
them into congregations. But what are the} - among so many ': The ter- 
ritorj- over which their labors extend is large and help both in men and 
money is wanted. After repeated failures to obtain ministers these emi- 
grant brethren ceased to make application to us and the consequence has 
been that many of them have been lost to the Church- The hopes of 
others have been somewhat revived and they have again made indirect ap- 
plication to us for help. Shall these calls be again unheeded, and this re- 
vived hope be permitted to again perish? 

Recommendation. — I recommend that a Committee be appointed to 
prepare and report suitable resolutions upon the death of Rev- Thomas 
Crouse- 

By Article IV, Section 4. of our Synodical Constitution it is provided 
that. '"Synod shall require a probationary period of not less than one year 
during which all candidates for the ministry shall be taken on trial." For 
some years this constitutional requirement has been carried out by a sys- 
teih of license. By this system candidates to the ministry have been 
authorized to perform all ministerial acts under license and without ordi- 
nation. In my opinion this system is open to serious objections, and ought 
to be abandoned. If a candidate is known not to possess the necessary 
qualifications both mentally or morally or either, he should not in any way 
be invested with the office. On the other hand, if a candidate is believed to 
possess all the qualifications necessary to the successful discharge of min- 
isterial duties, he should be put into the office not for one year only but 
for life, or during good behaviour in office. To carry out the provision 
of the Constitution in this regard, in a less objectionable mode, I recom- 
mend that Students in the Seminary be under the direction of the Profes- 
sors, and that such as are under private instruction be directed by the pas- 
tors under whose care they have been placed. 

And now, dear brethren "The God of peace, that brought again from 
the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the Sheep, through the 
blood of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work 
to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight. 
through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. 

222093 J - R - PETEKSOy - 



G 

Election for Officers for the ensuing year was held with 
the following results : 

Rev. S. Henkel, President, 

" J. M. Smith, Record. Secretary, 

" J. B. Peterson, Cor. Secretary, 

" A.J. Fox, Treasurer. 

REGULAR COMMITTEES. 

1. On President's Report. — Eev'ds A. J. Fox, J. M. Smith, 
' 2. On Unfinished Business. — Rev'ds J. E. Peterson, D. 
Efird. 

3. On Examination. — Eev'ds J. B. Peterson and J. M. 
Sinkh. 

4. On State of the Church. — Eev'ds A. J. Fox, J. C. Mo- 
ser, F. K. Beck. 

5. On Letters and Petitions. — Kev'ds J. E. Peterson, M. 
L. Little. 

6. On Treasurers Report. — Eev'ds A. J. Fox, Dr. Ear- 
gle, J. H. Fullmer. 

Letters, Papers, and Petitions, intended for Synod were 
now called for, handed in, and handed over to the respec- 
tive Committees. 

On motion Synod adjourned to meet to-morrow, 9 
o'clock, A. M. Benediction by Eev. S. Henkel. 

Friday Morning. 

Synod met, and was opened with religious service. Eoll 
was called. Minutes read and approved. 

Eev. J. C. Moser was received as an advisory member 
of this Synod, and also If. A. Aleetz, Esq. 

Eeport on Letters and Petitions was read and received. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

Class I. Petitions for Ordination and Licensure. 

iSos. 1 and 2 are petitions from Emanuel's and Zion's Churches, Lex- 
ington Co., S- C, praying for the license and services of canciidates, 
Messrs. J. A. Cromer and E. L. Ly brand. 

Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are petitions from Sardis Church, Catawba Co. ; 
Trinity, and Bethpage, Lincoln Co. ; St. Mark and Philadelphia, Gaston 
Co., N. C-, praying for the ordination and services of Licentiate, M. L* 
Little. 



Nos. 8 and 9 are petitions from. Mt. Moriah and Phanuel Churches, 
Rowan Co., N. C, praying for the ordination and services of Licentiate, 
J. C. Moser. 

No. 10 is a petiton from the Church in Hickory, Catawba Co., N. C, 
praying for the ordination and services of candidate, A. L. Yount. 

Nos. 11, 12, 18, are petitions from Phanuel Church, Rockingham Co., 
St. Paul and Powder Spring Churches, Shenandoah Co., Va., praying for 
the ordination and services of candidate, J. W. Hausenfluck. 

Clans II. Petitions for the admission of new congregations. 

No. 1 is a petition from St. Matthew, Kings Mountain, N. C, pray- 
ing for admission into this Synod. 

No- 2 is a petition of same import from the Church at Hickory, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C. 

No. 3 is a petition from St. Thomas, Lexington Co., S. 0., of simi- 
lar import. In the same, they appoint Col. Chapman as their delegate. 

No. 4 is a petition of same import from St. Mark, Luray, Page Co., 
Virginia. 

Class III. Petitions for the next Convention of Synod. 

No. 1 is a petition from Coble's Church, Guilford Co., N. C-, asking 
that the next Synod may be held in that church. 

Class I V. On Letters. 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. B. Davis, D. D., delegate of the N. C. 
Synod in which he assigns the cause, and regrets the necessity, of his ab- 
sence. Further, he expresses his own desire, and that of many others, of a 
closer union between that body and our Synod. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev- J. S. Bennick, in which he assigns too 
much work and want of money as a reason for his absence. 

No. 3 is a letter from candidate R. A. Yoder, in which he states that 
he has returned to JN. 0. College, to finish his literary course which will 
end with the present scholastic year, and, for this- purpose, he asks this 
body for an appropriation of $147 dollars. 

No. 4 is a memorial from certain members of St. Peter and St. John, 
Lexington Co., S. C, stating "that a great misunderstanding and trouble 
exist between Rev. D. Efird and many persons who are, and others who 
have been members and officers in his Churches," which the memorialists 
say, '"must eventually result in such a disruption in the Churches in this 
section that will in time work their annihilation." They further ask an 
investigation of these difficulties. 



RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. In reference to Nos. 1 and 2, Class 1st, your Committee recom- 
mend the Licensure of Bros. J. A. Cromer and E. L. Lybrand. 

2. In reference to Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 we recommend the examina- 
tion and ordination of Bio. M. L. Little. 

3. In reference to Nos. 8 and 9 we recommend the examination and 
ordination of Bro. J. C. Moser. 

4. In reference to No. 10, we offer the same recommeudation. 

5. In reference to Nos. 11, 12, 13, we recommend that a Committee 
be appointed to examine and ordain candidate, J. W. Hausenfluck, if 
found qualified. 

6. In reference to Class 2nd, Nos. 1,2,3, and 4, your Committee 
recommend the admission of those congregations into Synod. 

7. In reference to Class four, No. 1, be it 

Resolved, That we express our .regret that Rev. J. B. Davis, D. D., 
did not find it convenient to be with us. 

8. In reference to No. 2, we recommend that Bro. J. S. Bennick be 
excused. 

9. In reference to No. 4, your Committee recommend that this appli- 
cation for beneficiary aid be postponed till the proper time. 



8 

10. In reference to No. 4, we recommend that the matter iu question 
be placed in the hands of a committee to report to this present meeting of 
Synod, the course proper to be pursued, 

J. K. Peterson, 
M. L. Little, 
S. fc>. Madny. 

Report was now taken up, and acted upon item by item. 

Class I.— Item 1st aud recommendation postponed for 
the present. 

Item 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, with recommendation of Committee, 
adopted. 

Item 8 aud 9, sustained. 

Item 10 is similar, and sustained ; it was moved that a 
Committee be appointed to examine Mr. A. L. Youut, and 
ordain him, if necessary. Committee, J. M. Smith, J R. 
Peterson, A. J. Fox. 

Ou motiou, Synod now took recess until alter sermon. 
During intermission, Rev. J. K. Peterson preached a Syn- 
odical sermon from Komaus Lb: 1, 2. 

Tl/I'JiW SJ2SSIO* \ : 

Friday, 2 o'clock P. M. 

Synod resumed business. 

Item 11, 12, 13, with recommendation be sustained, and 
that a Committee be appointed, and that this be dune at a 
regular or call session of the Va. Conference of the Tennes- 
see Synod. Committee, L. A. Fox, 1. Couder. 

Class II. — No. 1. Received. 

No. 2. Received. 

No. 3. As soon as the officers be installed, it be leceived. 

No. 1. Received. 

Class III. — Petitions for Synod. 

No. 1. Next meeting be held in Cobles Church, N. C. 

Class IV. — No. 1. Resolution adopted. 

No. 2. Brother J. S. Bennick excused. 

No. 3. Recommendation of Committee be sustained. 

No. 4. Adopted. 

The Committee, Rev. J. R. Peterson, Rev. Dr. A. J. 
Fox, F. K. Beck, S. S. Mauuy ; by motion the President 
was added to this Committee-. 

Report was now adopted as a whole. 

Report of Committee to submit a Constitution and 
Regulations for Home Missionary operations. 



REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE EVAN. LUTH. 
TENN. SYNOD IN MISSIONARY WORK. 

Art. I. There shall be elected, annually, by Synod an executive 
Committee of three, or five, or more members, as the nature and extent of 
the work may require, who shall hold office until their successors shall be 
appointed. Of this Committee the Committee on vacancies shall be a 
member. 

Art. II. This Executive Committee shall have charge of the Mission- 
ary work between the conventions of Synod. They shall elect one of 
their number Treasurer, who shall hold, and disburse the missionary 
monies according to the directions of the Committee. The Executive 
Committee may establish or discontinue missions, may employ or dismiss 
missionaries, and shall have the superintendence and control of all mis- 
sionary operations during their time of office. 

Art. III. This Committee shall hold at least two meetings during the 
year. It shall keep a clear and correct account of all its transactions anil 
especially of all monies received and disbursed, and report annually to 
Synod and be prepared with vouchers to sustain the same, which report 
shall be recorded by the Secretary of Synod. 

Art- IV. All monies collected from congregations or otherwise, and 
donations for the purpose of missions shall be paid over to the Chairman 
of the Executive Committee for which he shall give his receipt. 

Art. V- Diligent and rigid inquiry shall be made as to the condition 
of every community and the prospects of establishing a self-sustaining 
congregation or pastorate whenever application shall be made for aid, and 
where these are not favorable no money shall be expended as a mere 
venture. 

Art. VI. Every pastor in connection with this Synod shall be requir- 
ed to take up collections in each of his congregations annually in the most 
judicious manner for missions. 

Art. VII- These regulations shall be subject to amendment at any 
meeting of Synod after giving one day's notice of the proposed amendment 
and with the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. 

Your Committee in submitting the above plan would call the attention 
of the Synod to the importance of concentrated effort. It is a lesson 
learned after a dear experience by other bodies and they are now center- 
ing their labors upon a few places until they make them self-sup- 
porting. It is found to be far better to make large appropriations to one 
point and assist in building a Church than to scatter a small fund among 
man)'. 

L. A. Fox, 
A. Koiner, 
A. L. Crouse, 
H. A. Meetz, 
J. K. Peterson. 

Adopted item by item. 
Art. I, Adopted. 
Art. II, Adopted. 
Art. Ill, Adopted. 
Art. IV, Adopted. 
Art. V, Adopted. 
Art. VI, Adopted. 
Art. VII, Adopted. 
Adopted as a whole. 



10 

Adjourned to meet again to-morrow at 9 o'clock. Dis- 
missed with the benediction. 

FO U'R Til SESSION. 

Saturday Morning. 

Synod met and was opened with prayer by Rev. M. L. 
Little. Minutes read and adopted. 

Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., of the S. C. Synod being 
present today, and presenting his credentials of election as 
corresponding delegate to this Synod, was received, and took 
his seat as such among us. 

It was moved that the time for tue next Convention ot 
our Synod be on Thursday, before the 2nd Sunday of No- 
vember, 1877. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON THE STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Your Committee are unable to report as accurately as is desirable.— 
In reference to the congregations in Virginia, we have learned, through 
various sources, that commendable progress is being made. Our ministers 
are at work, zealously, the people are becoming more and more interested, 
and our borders are being extended. In this section, we think great unity 
and harmony prevail. 

We are happy to be able to say that in North Carolina there seems to 
be improvement in some of the congregations, where there had existed 
some discord. More friendly relations now exist and their prosperity is 
greater. It appears alsu that our people are very careful to take heed to 
our doctrines. Some congregations have not enjoyed regular services; 
hence we have no doubt, suffered loss. There have been accessions, but 
we are unable to say whether more or less than last year. This remark 
will also apply to the congregations in Virginia. 

From the congregations in South Carolina, the reports are not so full 
as is desirable. In the cause of Beneficiary Education, these bretheren 
are doing very well. However, the peace of some of the congregations 
seems to be disturbed, but with these exceptions they seem to do well. — 
Considerable accessions by confirmation have been made. 

A. L. Chouse, 
J. M. Smith. 

Received and adopted. 

REPORT ON THE PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

The undersigned Committee on the President's Keport, respectfully 
submit the following : 

We have examined the Report, and find the following items of in- 
terest to this Synod : 

I. The President recommends the appointment of a suitable Commit- 
tee to prepare a report, and submit it to the present convention of this 
Synod, on the death of our much lamented brother, Rev. Thomas Crouse. 

II. He recommends that the licensure system, as it now exists in this 
Synod, be dispensed with ; and that a different mode of complying with 
the requirements of our organic law, requiring a probationar}' period of 



11 

oue year, for the candidates of the ministry previous to their ordination, 
be adopted. 

III. He directs the attention of Synod to an educational enterprise 
lately commenced at Conover, Catawba Co., N. C, and asks the interest 
of this Synod in that undertaking. 

IV. He directs the attention of this Synod to the subject of Missions, 
and especially to our destitute members west of the Mississippi River, and 
inquires whether the Synod will take any action in the matter, or let it rest 
as heretofore. 

In regard to the above items, your Committee will make no recom- 
mendations, because we prefer that proper resolutions be prepared and of- 
fered upon each of them. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, 
J. M. Smith. 

Resolved, That a Committee of two ministers and one lay-man be ap- 
pointed to prepare and submit to this Synod a suitable preamble and reso- 
lutions on the death of Rev. Thomas Crouse. 

Resolved, That we hereby recind the action of this Synod in 1864, 
creating a licensure system among us, and that a Committee of two min- 
isters, and one lay-man be appointed to prepare and submit to the present 
Convention of this Synod a plan by, which the requirements of our Con- 
stitution in regard to the candidates for the ministry in their period of 
probation, can be complied with. 

Resolved, That the suggestions of the President in his Annual Report 
in regard to Missionary enterprises has been complied with in the adop- 
tion of a constitution, by which missionary enterprises must in future be 
regulated among us. 

Resolved, That we are pleased to learn that our brethren in and around 
Conover, N. C, have commenced a School of a high order, and hope they 
may be successful, and most cheerfully invite the attention of all our peo- 
ple who desire to educate their sons in a good Lutheran School, to that In- 
stitution. 

Received and taken up and acted upon item by item. 

Item 1, and its resolution were adopted. Committee, 
Revs. J. R. Peterson, J. Al. Smith, and Dr. Eargle. 

Item 2, and its resolution adopted. Committee, Revs. 
A. J. Fox, J. R. Peterson, and Mr. Epting. On motion, the 
President was added to the Committee. 

Item 3, and resolution adopted. 

Item 4, and resolution adopted. 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

We, the Committee on Examination have discharged the duty assigned 
us, and beg to report that the examination was well sustained, and we 
hereby recommend Licentiates, J. C. Moser, and M. L. Little, for ordina- 
tion to the office of the holy ministry. 

J. M. Smith, 
J. R. Petkksox. 

Report and recommendation of Committee adopted. 
Moved that the ordination of these young brethren take 
place on Monday next. 



12 

Moved that the President, Rev. S. Henkel, preach the 
ordination sermon on Monday next. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business of last session of Synod, 
beg leave to submit the following ; 

1. On page 10. we notice the appointment of a committee to prepare 
a pastoral letter to be appended to the minutes of this session of Synod. 
Has that been done ? 

2. On page 11 and 12, we notice the appointment of a Committee to 
collect statistics and material for the history of our Churches and Synod, 
and report the result of their efforts to this Convention of Synod. Has 
that been done? 

3. On same page, we call attention to the appointment of a Commit- 
tee to prepare a suitable constitution and regulations for Home Missionary 
operation, and present the same to this meeting of Synod. Has that been 
done ? 

4. On same page, we call attention to the appointment of Rev. S. 
Henkel, as a Committee of one to collect all the minutes and pamphlets of 
the different sessions of our Synod, and have them bound. Has that been 
done ? Respectfully submitted, 

J. R. Peterson, 
D. Efiud. 

Received and to be acted upon item by item. 
Item 1, Complied with and that the Pastoral Letter be 
appended to onr minutes. 

Item 2, Not complied with, and Committee continued. 
Item 3, Complied with. 

Item 4, Complied with in part, and the Committee still 
continued. 

A letter to Synod by Rev. L. A. Fox, in which he offers 
his excuse for non-attendance, was read in open Synod. — 
Rev. L. A. Fox excused. 

A letter from Rev. A. L. Yount was read before Synod, 
and he was excused. 

It was moved, that a report of the absentees be con- 
sidered. 

Rev. H. Goodman, excused. 
" T. Miller, excused. 
" T. Moser, excused. 
" I. Conder, not excused, 
" J. N. Stirewalt, excused. 
" M. L. Fox, not excused. 
" J. P. Stirewalt, not excused. 
Adjourned now till after sermon. 

During recess, Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., preached a 
sermon from Gal. 6 : 14. 



13 
FIFTH SESSION. 

Saturday, 2 o'clock. 

Roll was called and business resumed. 

The name of J. W. Nauman, Alma, Page Co., Va., was 
presented by Rev. S. Heukel, as applicaut tor the ministry 
in this S3 nod ; he was by motion received under care of 
Synod, as a student having a view to the ministry. 

REPORT ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

Your Committee on the Treasurer's Report have carefully examined 
that document, aDd find that the funds of this Synod have been properly 
managed during the past year. After paying all the necessary expenses; 
we find that there is remaining in the Treasury $66.18. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, 
Carroll Bookman. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON OTHER SYNODS. 

Your Committee on Minutes have been placed in the possession of 
two only such documents. 

No. I. Are the Minutes of the Evan. Luth. Synod of N. C. We have 
carefully examined them and find nothing which demands any action of 
this Synod. These brethren manifest much zeal and energy in the work 
of our Divine Master, and in some respects are doing much to promote its 
interest. 

Its officers are, Rev. L. A. Bickle, D. U., President, Rev." C. H. 
Bernheim, Rec. Sec, Rev- Prof. W. E. Hubbert, Cor. Sec, Rev. S. Roth- 
rock, Treasurer. 

No. II, Are the Minutes of the 9th and 10th Convention of the Evan. 
Luth. General Synod of North America. These Minutes are accompanied 
by a letter to the late President of this Synod, and through him addressed 
to this Synod. By the. Secretary of that body directing special attention 
to certain items contained in these minutes. 

We have carefully examined these Minutes and find only one item re- 
quiring any action by this Synod. On page 28th, we find a resolution, in- 
viting this Synod, to reconsider its actions declining to unite with that 
body, and very earnestly urge us to unite with them, upon their basis of 
an unreserved acceptance of the Augsburg Confession. 

The officers of this Synod are, Rev. J. P. Margart, President, Rev. II. 
S. Wingard, Sec-, Mr, J. F. Schirmer, Treasurer. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, 
.1. 11. FULMBK, 
J. W. Eakolk. 
Received. 

Item 2, of this Report, was disposed of by the adoption 

of the following resolution : 

Resolved, That under existing circumstances, we regard it inexpedient 
to take any steps either, toward uniting with or in any way committing 
ourselves to any one of the General Lutheran Bodies in this country. 

By motion Synod now proceded to elect a Treasurer lor 
the Beneficiary Fund. 



14 

Kev. T. Moser was re-elected as Treasurer of Beneficiary 
Fund. 

Moved, a Committee of two ministers and one lay-man, 
be appointed ,to revise our Beneficiary Educational system 
and report at next meeting of Synod. Committee, A. J. 
Fox, J. E. Peterson, and A. Costner. 

Moved, that a Committee be appointed, whose duty it 
shall be to prepare Theses on some doctrine, for discussion 
at the next meeting of Synod, and that they be published in 
Our Church Paper a few months previous. The Committee 
are Itrv. J. ii. Peterson and Kev. S. Heukel. 

Resolved, That the members of this Synod return their most sincere 
thanks to the members of tbis congregation, and other citizens of this 
community for the many acts of kindness they have so generally extend- 
ed to us, during our sojourn in their midst, and that it be made the duty 
of the President to read this resolution before the congregation, on Sun- 
day, immediately before the first service and make sucli additional re- 
marks as he may deem proper. 

A call was now extended to the ministers present, to 
state whether our three several standing resolutions have 
been complied with. Each Minister, being called upon, made 
statements, as to his practice. 

Moved to adjourn until Monday morning 9 o'clock. Dis- 
missed with benediction. 

SIXTH SESSION 

Monday Morning, 9 O'clock. 

Synod met and was opened with prayer by Dr. Smeltzer. 

Minutes read, amended, and adopted. 

An executive Committee on Home Missions was ap- 
pointed. Committee, Revs. J. R. Peterson, J. M. Smith, 
and Mr. A. Costner. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON PROBATION OF CANDI- 
DATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Your Committee on the probation of candidates for the ministry, have 
examined the matter with as much care as we have had time to do,'and re- 
gard it a matter that requires more time than we can command. Your 
Committee therefore recommend that a Committee of two ministers be 
appointed to mature a plan by which the requirements of Synod upon this 
subject can be successfully carried into effect, and report to the next an- 
nual Convention of this Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, 

S. Hbnkel, 

J. B. PisTSKeoy. 



L5 

Received and adopted. 

Committee, Revs. A. J. Fox, J. ft. Peterson, S. Henkel. 
The following- Preamble and Resolution in reference to 
the above report were adopted. 

Whekeas, Petitions for the licenture or' two candidates to the minis- 
try nave been addressed to this Synod, and 

Whekeas, B3' action of this meeting the licensure system has been 
abolished. Be it therefore, 

Resolved, That Messrs. J. A. Cromer and E. L- T.ybrand place them- 
selves under the direction of some pastor or pastors connected with the 
Synod until the next meeting of Synod. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE PAPEES RELATING TO 

Rev. D. Efied and others. 

Your Committee to whom the written document addressed to this 
Synod signed by certain individual members of St- John, St. Peter, Piney 
Woods, and St. Jacob Churches, Lexington Co., S. C, stating that un- 
pleasant things exist in their midst, that are having a damaging effect upon 
the Church, and which if permitted to continue, they assert, will result in 
their annihilation ; in proof of which they refer to two printed articles, 
one written by Rev. D. Efird and the other by certain parties who sub- 
scribe themselves Trustees and patrons of Pine Ridge Academy, have 
carefully examined these papers, and find those who have subscribed the 
memorial addressed to us, have Deither preferred any charges against Rev. 
D. Efird themselves, nor named any persons who do. !Nor do they ex- 
press any opinion in regard to the matter. But simply ask Synod to in- 
vestigate the matter. Your Committee therefore recommend that a Com- 
mittee of two, one minister and one layman be appointed, whose duty it 
shall be to call a meeting at St. Peter, Piney Woods Church, or in its vi- 
cinity, at such time as may be most convenient, for the purpose of hear- 
ing any charges that may be preferred, with such evidence as they may 
offer also hear the defence of Rev. Efird and the proof he may offer, and 
make a record of them, and report them to the next annual Convention of 
this Synod. 

The parties, however, who ask for this investigation are required to 
defray the traveling expenses of the Committee. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. R. Peterson, 
A. J. Fox, 
F. R. Beok, 
S. S. Mauney, 
S. Henkel- 

Received and adopted. 

Committee, Rev. A. J. Fox and Mr. Ambrose Costner 

or Mr. M. L. Cline. 



IN MEMORY OF 

REV. T. CROUSE. 



Whereas, God, in his wise Providence, has called from 
his labors on earth, Rev- T. Ceouse, a faithful Minister of our 
Synod, to his rest and reward on high ; therefore, 

Resolved, That we recognize the hand of God herein, and 
humbly bow to his righteous ways, that we cherish his memorj', 
and pray God for grace, that we may meekly submit to his dis- 
pensation. 

R'esohed, That these resolutions be published in "Ottr 
Chtjroh Paper," and a copy be sent to the f amity of the de- 
ceased. 

J. M. Smith, 
J. R. Peterson, 
Dr. J. W. Eargle. 



£7v 

Resolved, That a sufficient number of copies of the Minutes of this 
Convention of Synod be printed to supply the calls for them, and to 
furnish each minister of this Synod witn three copies, and each General 
Body of Lutherans in this country, and the Synods in correspondence with 
this body two copies each. 

CORRESPONDING DELEGATES TO OTHER SYNODS. 

To. N. C. Synod, Rev. J. R. Peterson, Principal, Rev. 
M. L. Little, Alternate. 

To S. C. Synod Rev. D. Efird, Principal, and Rev. A. 
L. Grouse, Alternate. 

To Holston Synod, J. R. Peterson, Principal, and Rev. 
J. M. Smith, Alternate. 

To the Penn. Synod, Rev. S Henkel. 

Synod now adjourned until after service. 

During recess, Rev. S. Henkel preached an ordination 
sermon from Mark 1G: 15. Immediately after this sermon 
Brethren M.L. Little and J. C Moser were ordained to the 
Holy Office of the Ministry. After this solemn service, 
Synod was. called to order. 

sjErMjy&m sbssiojy. 

Monday, 3 o'clock, P. M. 

The roll was called. Business was resumed. 

Moved, that Mr. R. A. Yoder as beneficiary received 
$150.00 ; $50.00 to J. W. Nauman, and J. W. Hauseufiuck, 
$15.00, provided the funds will admit, if not then apportiou- 
ately. 

Resolved, That we place in a proper light, before our congregations 
the want of the Beneficiary cause and urge our people to contribute 
more liberally than heretofore. 

Preamable and resolution adopted. 

Whereas. Prof. Ben. Hyde Benton, President of Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, at New Market, Va., has kindly tendered to this Synod, three free 
scholarships, in that Institute, one for the congregation of this Synod in 
S. C-, and two for our Churches in N. C, upon condition that the candi- 
dates are over 14 years of age, and come with a recommendation from one 
of the ministers of this Synod. 

Resolved. That we highly appreciate this kind offer and most cheer- 
fully accept it, and tender our most sincere thanks to the kind donor. 

Unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, That the ministers connected with this Synod, when absent 
be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in their re- 
ports to Synod, 

Resolved, That the Synod now adjourn to meet at the time and place 
designa'ed in these minutes. Closed by Rev. S. Hei.kel. 

J. M. Smith, Secretary. 



18 



A large congregation assembled and listened to a ser- 
mon in the morning by Rev. A. J. Fox, from 2 Cor. 3: 6. 

A recess was given, after which the congregation re as- 
sembled and heard a sermon delivered by Rev. J. M. Smith, 
from 2 Tim. 4: 2. 

Confession and Absolution were then attended to, and 
the Holy Lord's Supper was administered to a goodly uum~ 
ber of Lutherans. 

Good order and attention characterized the assembly, 
and the Word preached will not return void. 



TREASURER'S REPORT. 

Rev. S. Henkel, 

In account with 

Evan. Luth. Tenn. Synod. 

1875. Dr. 

Sept. 9, To ain't received for Minutes, $47.70 

*• " " '• from Treas. of 1873, 35.00 

" " " " " Treas. of 1872, 3.15 

'< <• «» " " Rev. J. S. Bennick, 10 30 

" 21, " lt l * " J. X. Stirewalt, 30 

" 29. '< " " A. Conrad, Esq., 90 

Oct, 29," " '* Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, 2.36 

Nov. 19, " » « Maj A. Koiuer, Treas., 1874, 10.83 

1876. 

Jan. 6, To ain't from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 1.40 



$111.94 



1875. Nov. To amount of Henkel & Co., for adver. 

in Minutes, 5.00 



1876. Cr. 

Nov. By am't paid Henkel & Co., for 

printing Minutes, $45.00 

Dec. 15, By am't paid for postage on A! in., 5.76 



$116.94 



$50.76 
Sept. 30, By balance on hand, subject to order, $66.18 



$116.94 
S. Henkel, Treasurer. 



1». 

REPORT OF TREAS. OF BENEFICIARY FUND- 

T. Moseb, 

In account with 

Evan. Luth. Tenn. Synod. 

1875. Dr. 

Sept. 2, To am't on baud, $33.55 

Deo. 11, " " from J. C. Moser's Charge, 12.75 

1876. 

Jau. 8, To am't from M. L. Little's charge, 20.15 

* " '• '« '■ M. L. Fox's charge, 5.00 

Feb. 10 " '« " J. R. Peterson's charge, 21.00 

" " •' "■ " T. Moser's charge, 5.00 



1876. Cr. 

Jan. 13, By am't paid A. L. Yount. $14.00 

" 21, " " " R. A. Yoder, 30.00 

Feb. 18, " " u A. L. Yount, 50.00 



$97.45 



$94.00 
Leaves a balance in my hands of $3.45 

Respectfully submitted, T. Moser, Treasurer. 

TREASURERS AGENTS REPORT- 

S. Henkel with Rev. T. Moser, 

Treasurer of Tenn. Synod Beneficiary Association. 

1875. Dr. 

Sept. 9, To cash of Rev. A. L. Grouse, $ 5.95 

" ' k <' " John Lohr, Mt. Zion Ch., Va., 3.10 

" " " " Kev. J. S. Beuuick, 30.00 
1876. 

Jau. 6, To cash of St. Paul Church, 2.63 

Apr. 14, " " Emanuel Church, 8.01 

■;•;.«« i «• « " Mrs. Mary Al. Henkel, 3.15 



1876. Cr. 

May. By am't paid John W. Hausen- 

fluck, as per order, $50.00 

Sept. 30, By Balance on baud, 2.84 



$52.84 



$52.84 
S. Henkel, 
. Agent of Beneficiary Treasurer. 
The reports on Beneficiary Fund were not examined by 
Synod, but were placed in the hands of the President after 
the convention of Synod, who thought it proper to put them 
in Minutes. S. Henkel. 



CONTRIBUTION FOR SYNODICAL TREAS- 
URY FOR 1876. 

Rev. A. L. Grouses* Charge: 

Ziou's, ------- $1.60 

St. Peter— Meetzes', .... 1.00 

Cedar Grove, 90 

Emanuel, 50 

St. Paul, 50 

Rev D. Efird's Charge : 

St. Peter— Piney Woods, • - 1.00 

St. John, - - 1.00 

Bethlehem, 60 

Rev. T. Moser's Charge: 

St. Martin, Stanley Co.. N. C.,- • - 60 

St. Martin, Iredell Co.. N. C, - - - 1.40 
Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox's Charge : 

Grace, - 1.60 

Salem, .... . 1.60 
Rev. J. M. Smith's Charge: 

St. Stephen, .... i : 60 

St. Peter, ...... so 

St. John, 2.00 

St. Paul. 2.00 

St. James, 50 

Zion, - 1.20 

Friendship, ------ 40 

Hickory, 50 

Rev. J. R. Peterson's Charge, - 10.00 

Rev. J. C Moser's Charge, 1.00 

Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox's Charge, .... i 50 

Rev. S Henkel's Chakge, - 3,50 

Rev. M. L. Littles Charge, - - - . 6.30 



1*1 



Other ObjectB, 



f torrent Exp'nses 



Ben. Education. 



Synodical, 



Keuio\ ajS, 



Teachers 



Sunday Schools, 

Expulsions, 



Deaths, 



Letters, 

Enfant Baptisms, 



Adult Baptisms, 
Confirmations, 



Cummuuicants, 



Congregations. 



Entered the Min- 
istry. 



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PASTORAL LETTER 



MLNTSTEKIAL SUPPOET. 



" Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach 
the gospel should live of the gospel." If Paul was inspired, 
this language has the greatest possible force for binding the 
conscience. It is the conclusion, legitimately drawn, from 
a clear and irrefutable argument, free from every suspicion 
of fallacy because conducted by inspiration, and thus hinds 
conscience through onr reason. It, also, announces as a 
fact that God has made it a perpetual law, and thus binds 
the conscience by positive divine authority. It is, there- 
fore, no longer a question of expediency or fitness, or a mat- 
ter of choice but a duty as certain and imperative as any 
given in the Scriptures, and for which we will as snrelv be 
.required to account. A man is no more excusable for ne- 
glecting to bear his part in supporting his pastor than he is 
for defrauding, for the same Lord who said, "Defraud nor." 
said also "that they who preach the gospel shonlrl live of 
the gospel." 

Whatever may be thought of the relation of the minis- 
try to the "universal priesthood," it will not be denied that 
the office of the ministry is of divine appointment; for the 
performance of a work which could not be accomplished 
without it. "He gave some, pastors and teachers, for the 
perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the 
edifying of the body of Christ." This office, so important to 
the existence and perpetuity of the Church, can be filled only 
by men "of like passions with ourselves." who have necessi- 
ties, sympathies, and affections in common with other men. 
They have no cruse of oil miraculously replenished, nor 
ravens to carry them food, and they are left to natural re- 
sources by which to support existence. God has made it 
the duty of the people to whom they minister to supply their 
physical wants. 



2 

If the minister is an embassador of God be is an agent 
of the Church in performing that work which God carries on 
through His Church. The Church must teach every crea- 
ture, but as the great body cannot go to foreigu lauds they 
send others, and through them discharge their duty to the 
heathen. So every congregation must preach the gospel to 
every person within its territory; it must administer the 
Sacraments, maintain a confession of the truth, and contin- 
ually edify itself, not only by increasing its numbers but also 
by perfecting the saints through au advancing knowledge 
of the Word. But as the majority of every congregation 
must be engaged in secular pursuits it meets its responsibili- 
ty only by selecting one to perform that common work. — 
Ministers are servants of the Church. "Ourselves your 
servants." They have no further interest in their work 
than every Christian ought to have. Congregations have 
the right, and do call pastors, and deputize them to perform 
this general work. It is a matter of common justice that 
the congregations should compensate them according to the 
service rendered. "Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that 
treadeth out the corn," said the law of Moses. " Doth God 
take care for oxen 1 ?" asked Paul. The argument is, that if 
God ordained a law that the oxen should be maintained 
while laboring for us, much more must every man receive 
adequate wages. Twice does Paul quote the Mosaic precept 
while discussing the duty of supporting the ministry, and 
once in connection with the language of the Savior, "The 
laborer is worthy of his reward." The salary of a pastor is 
not a charity, but well-earned wages. Who does not expect 
to pay a lawyer for his counsel, a physician for his attention, 
the laborer for his service? It is common equity. They 
have no more right to expect a miuister to spend his time 
and strength without compensation. This is the principle 
upon which both Christ and Paul place this duty. In ev- 
ery service the wages are regulated very much by the talent 
and preparation requisite to rendering them. There are 
neither the talents nor prerequisite training necessary to 
the laborer in the field that there are for the physician, — 
and they receive different rewards There is no calling that 
demands a longer course of training and greater natural 
gifts than the ministry, and according to the Scriptural rule 
their salaries ought to range with the very highest; com- 



mon equity would demand it. But as a matter of fact ordi- 
nary mechanics who have served an apprenticeship of 
eighteen mouths receive better wages. If the little stipu- 
lated salary be not regularly paid, as is very often true, 
what wrong! " Behold the hire of laborers, who have reaped 
down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth, 
and the cries of them which reaped are entered into the ears 
of the Lord of Sabaoth." Much more the cries of a defraud- 
ed ministry. 

Ministers are often treated as if they were drones — as a 
class to be supported for maintaining a decent appearance in 
society, which, if it were only fashionable, might easily be 
dispensed with. But on the contrary, the minister is the 
most useful member of the community. From the stand- 
point of mere financial interest, we cannot fail to see that 
he is of incalculable importance. Public preaching does far 
more to restrain passion and lust than the arm of the law. 
It keeps alive a moral sentiment in the public mind. It is 
a terror to evil doers. Shut up the churches of a communi- 
ty and very soon an oath looses its sanctity and the admin- 
istration of justice is at end, property is not safe, trusts are 
betrayed, and life itself is constantly endangered. He is of 
equal importance to social culture. Education unregulated 
by moral sentiments only increases the power of evil. Who 
would desire to briug up a family of children in a community 
where there were no churches? A philosopher said that 
"Christianity is the foundation of modern civilization." If 
we remove the foundation, our civilization falls France 
banished Christianity, and had the Reign of Terrors. But 
without the ministry Christianity could not exist. That 
man who does most to preserve and extend the civilization 
of any community is the minister. Any other man could, 
therefore, be better spared than a faithful, earnest pastor. 
If these things are true even the infidel, desiring to do just- 
ly, must contribute to the support of the ministry. But his 
labors considered in their bearing upon our immortal inter- 
est are immeasurably more important. • Preaching often 
seems to do but little good. Congregations disperse appar- 
ently precisely like they were when they assembled. We do 
not know the benefit until after the churches have been closed 
a few years. A single drop does not perceptibly add to a 
bucket containing a quantity of water, but drop after drop 



4 

at length fills it, and when the dripping has ceased evapora- 
tion begins, and at last all is gone. Who warns and admon- 
ishes the sinner ? Who dedicates the child through Holy 
Baptism! Who administers the Holy Supper? Who ex- 
pounds the truth? Who ministers to the dying ! He seeks 
us when we stray, strengthens us when we are weak, com- 
forts us when we are in trouble, and sympathizes with us 
when we are distressed. Without his influence the Word 
had never found us when we were utterly indifferent, and 
without him we would again become cold, unbelieving, and 
finally be lost. "How beautiful are the feet of them thai 
preach the gospel of peace and bring glad tidings of good 
things." Notwithstanding our religious literature and the 
multiplication of the Bible and Christian activity, since the 
ministry is the fountain of all, it may still be asked with all 
its original force, " How shall they hear without a preacher ?" 
A life that ends in everlasting misery is worse than wasted. 
If we are damned "it had been better for us never to have 
been born.'' Iu return for the spiritual blessings and hopes 
that the ministry bring us, what is due them ? " If we have 
sown unto you spiritual things is it a great thing if we shall 
reap of your carnal things.'' With much more than double 
emphasis we repeat that an earnest, faithful minister of the 
Word is the most indispensable man in any community. 
Common equity would say if every other man must go unre- 
warded the minister must not. 

The work of the minister is one of great responsibility. 
It is the cure of souls. He must rightly divide the W r ord of 
truth. If any perish through his neglect God requires the 
blood of that one at his hands. His whole time is necessary 
for a proper discharge of the functions of his office. Is not 
this the rule given to Timothy! "Give attendance to read- 
ing, to exhortation, to doctrine. ISeglect not the gift that 
is in thee which was given thee by prophecy. Meditate on 
these things; give thyself wholly to them." It is not because 
he is too holy, but because he has not time to engage in 
secular pursuits that makes it wrong for a minister to.seek 
a support from them. "It is not reason that we should 
leave the Word of God and serve tables." Whenever a min- 
ister combines a secular calling with his^ pastoral duties 
there is wrong somewhere. If it is for filthy lucre's sake, it 



is with him ; but if to obtain a support, the wrong is with 
the people whom he serves. 

The ministry has a right to ask a comfortable living. 
God gave the Levites no inheritance when He divided the 
Laud of Promise, because they were to be supported by the 
offerings from the other tribes. "Do ye not know that they 
which minister about holy things live of the things of the 
temple, and they which wait at the altar are partakers with 
the altar?" Some have reproached those ministers who 
have asked a very modest living as being money preachers, 
not knowing that they impeach the apostle who, by the 
language just quoted, gave them the right to claim it. 
Ministers have never demanded what common equity would 
allow, — they have always been satisfied with an income that 
would meet necessary wants. 

The people generally do not consider the many extra 
expenses of the ministry. For every thing he gets he must 
pay cash, except the few donations from his parishioners' 
He must buy provender for his horse and cow, and, if his 
home is in a town, often vegetables as well as flour, meat 
and groceries. He needs books and should purchase only 
standard ones, which are costly. He is expected to dress 
himself and family well, the people themselves complain 
when he does not make a respectable appearance in society. 
He must often entertain visitors. He must set an example 
of charity, and in mauy communities if a man has lost his 
house or barn by fire he comes to the minister to head the 
list of subscription for a new one. Then his children, are 
to be educated, for it is all he can expect to give them. 
These and many things would consume a much larger in- 
come than the great majority of ministers receive were it 
not for an economy rarely know beyond the threshhold of 
a parsonage. He knows he ought to provide for old age, or 
for his family if he should die. But he sees no way, and he 
dismisses as quickly as possible a thought that if indulged 
would crush him. A salary upon which a minister can just 
keep out of debt is not a comfortable living. It ought to 
be large enough to make him easy in maintaining that style 
of life which is expected of him, to educate his children, 
and to lay aside something every year for a Winters day. 
If it become a rule that he is to be discarded when he is fifty 
years old, it is the duty of those who receive the benefit of 



6 

his labors to provide for his comfort when those labors are 
no longer wanted. 

In this matter our Synod is behind in duty. Our 
parochial reports reveal the fact that but one congregation 
makes an effort to support its pastor. This is not because 
there are no others able to do it. The great majority of our 
pastors are compelled to engage in other callings, notwith- 
standing the large number of communicants some of them 
report. Many of our pastorates could be divided into two 
or three, and each could give a comfortable salary. They 
would reap the benefit in many ways. They would have 
more frequent and better preaching. Their pastor could 
visit them, and a stronger feeling of interest would spring- 
up between himself and his people. He could learn better 
their wants and address himself more directly and intel- 
ligently to meeting them. He could visit the sick. He 
could call on families that are out of all church relations 
and carry the gospel to firesides that can not be otherwise 
reached. Onr ministers would all be more efficient and our 
congregations more prosperous. 

The work is easy when earnestly begun. Men who give 
ten dollars could give seventy-five and not be a cent poorer 
at the end of the year. Many will say -'Oh! that is too 
much, too much, I can't give that.'" But there are thous- 
ands in our country who are no wealthier than they are who 
give annually double that much. Many who give five dol- 
lars could give fifty. It can be done, for it has been done 
easily when once men were in earnest. They are not 
"broken up" yet and if God's promise does not fail they will 
never be by that sort of liberality, for He has said " the 
liberal soul shall be made fat." The time has come for our 
congregations to take a step forward, and now let each 
member boldly make an advance, and the work will be done 
grandly. 

It must be done to preserve our existence. After men 
have spent from six to eight years and all their patrimony 
in preparing for the ministry they must be supported or 
they will locate elsewhere, or they will be deterred from en- 
tering the ministry at all. The time was when a lower 
standard of education sufficed, and our ministers having 
more time and money could live on less. If we close our 
eyes to the change, that does not alter the fact. Can the 



Tennessee Synod after having- stood and boldly confessed 
the truth for more than a half century, with such a history, 
and with so many souls under her care and within reach of 
her influence consent to betray her trust and ingloriously 
perish? Her record is too bright, her zeal too deep, her 
love for the truth too intense to allow her to consent to such 
an end. We may, then confidently appeal to our people to 
double and triple and quadruple their contributions to the 
support of the ministry until our self-sustaining charges be 
many times multiplied, and every minister be stripped Of 
every excuse for leaving the word to serve tables. 

L. A. Fox, ) 

> Committee. 
S. Henkel. \ 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved, That each of our Pastors be earnestly requested, 
to preach at least one Sermon in each of his congrega- 
tions, annually, upon the subject of Beneficiary Education, 
and other benevolent enterprises, and report to the next 
suceeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be request- 
ed to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a writ- 
ten Report of the condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly cate- 
chising those who propose to become members of our com- 
munion, previous to their Con tirmation, is, in some places, 
falling into disuse, and rather a loose custom of receiving 
uncatechised persons into the Church, without the slight- 
est examination of them in regard to their religious knowl- 
edge and other qualifications for Church membership, has 
been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers 
and congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can 
possibly be done, all who make application for Church 
membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechisation, 
in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to 
their Confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or 
such young persons as have been so favorably situated 
as to have had opportunities to become acquainted with 
and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and cus- 
toms, seek Church privileges, we recommend that their re- 
quest be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the Pastor, before the Council, and have 
been approved by them. 



INDEX. 



Page. 
Absentees, 12 

Committees, Regular, 6 

Corresponding Delegates to other Synods, 17 

Contributions for Sy nodical Fund, 20 

Election of Treasurer for Beneficiary Fund, 14 

Lay-Delegates, Roll, 4 

Ministerial Roll, 3 

Officers, 6 

President's Report, 4 

Parochial Report, 21 

Pastoral Letter, Appendix, .... 1 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions, 6 

Recommendations, 7 

Regulations for Government of Synod in Missionary Work, 9 

Report of Committee on State of Church, 10 

Report on President's Report, 10 

Resolutions on same, 11 

Report of Examining Committee, 11 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business, 12 

Report on Treasurer's Report, 13 

Report on other Synods, 13 

Report of Committee on Probation, 14 

Report of Committee on Papers relating to Rev. D. Efird and others, 15 

Resolutions on Rev. T. Crouse, 16 

Resolutions on Polytechnic Institute, 17 

Religious Services, 18 

Report, Treasurer's, 18 

Report, Treasurer's, of Beneficiary Fund, 19 

Standing Resolutions, Appendix, 8 



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PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



FIFTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 




HELD IN 



COBLES CHURCH, GUILFOKD CO., N. C, 



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NEW MARKET, VA-: 
Henkel & Co., Printers. 



1S77, 



TRANSACTIONS 



FIFTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



Evang, Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 



The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod held 
its flfry-seventh annual convention in Coble's Church, Guil- 
ford Co., N. C, beginning- on Thursday, the 8th day of No- 
vember, 1877. 

, . Synod was opened by the President in the usual form, 
the roll of ministers was called, the lay-delegates presented 
their certificates of election, and their names were enrolled. 

MINISTERS. 

Names. Residences. 

1. Rev. H. Goodman, Statesville, N. C. 

2 " A. J. Fox, Lincolnton, <> 

3. " T. Miller,* Saumsville, Va. 

4. " J. R. Peterson,* Dallas, N, C. 

5. " T. Moser, Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

6. " P. C. HENKEL,f . - Conover, " 

7. » S. Henkel, D. D., New Market, Va. 

8. " D. Efird, Pine Ridge, S. C. 

9. " J.M.Smith, Conover, N. C. 

10. " I. CoNDER,t McGaheysville, Va. 

11. " J.N. Stirewalt,* Stony Man, Va. 

12. u J. S. BENNicx,t Porestville, " 

13. " M. L. Fox, Sandy Creek, N. C. 

14. " J. C. Moser, China Grove, " 

15. " M. L. Little, Lincolnton, " 

16. " L.A. Fox,* Waynesboro', Va. 

17. " A. L. Crotjse, Summit, S. C. 

18. " J. P. Stirewalt, New Market, Va. 

19- u J. W. Hausenfluck, Grove Hill, " 

* Excused. t Not excused. J Admitted at this meeting. 



4 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

Names- Chkroiies Represented. 

Carroll Bookman, Bethlehem, S. C 

J. A. Cromer, Emanuel, " 

D. H. Wheeler, St. Peter, " 

Jacob Epting, Sen., St. John, " 

M. W. Shealy, Cedar Grove, " 

E. L. Lybr AND,. . ; Zion, " 

Dr. J. W. Eargle, Jacob, " 

J. J. Wessinger, St. Thomas, " 

R. A. Yoder, Daniel, JS\ C. 

Michael Coble, Coble, " 

Joseph Crotjse, Beck, " 

Jacob Byerly, Emanuel, " 

W. A. Beck, New Jerusalem, N. C. 

Henry D arr, Pilgrim, K. 0. 

Col. G. H. Chapman, St. James, S C. 

G. W. Fox, Melanchthou, F. C. 

Caleb Rhodes, Salem and Grace, S". C. 

rSt. John, St, Paul, St. 
N. Townsan, 1 James, Zion and Piney 

( Grove, N. C. 

J. T. Fogleman,. Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

J. K. Efird, St. Paul, S C. 

The President read his annual Report, which was re 
ceived, to be referred to the proper Committee. 

PRESIDENTS REPORT. 

Dear Brethren in Christ, Jesus.- — May grace, 
mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus 
Christ our Savior, be and abide with us. 

It is through the beneficent providence of our merciful 
Father in heaven, that we have been permitted to pass 
through another Sy nodical year, safely, and to assemble 
again in the capacity of a deliberative body, in which we are 
enabled to meet each other with fraternal greetings, sympa- 
thize with, counsel, and encourage each other, devise the 
best aud most judicious. .means for promotiug the Gospel, 
maiutaiug aud perpetuating the sacred and glorious truths 
and principles of our holy religion, in their purity and en- 
tireness, and for the up building and extension of the Re- 
deemer's Kingdom. 



We should rightly appreciate these privileges and bless 
iugs, devoutly raising our hearts in gratitude and thankful- 
ness to the great Father of Lights, the Giver of all Good, 
through Jesus Christ as the Mediator between him and us, 
and imploring Hiin for a continuance of his blessings. 

The lives of all our ministerial brethren in connection with 
our Synod, have been preserved during the past year, and 
the deaths of our lay-members, have not been unusually nu- 
merous. The health of our Synod, in a physical, moral, and 
spiritual point of view, may be regarded as altogether in a 
normal condition. 

Official Acts — During the synodical year, we have 
not been called upon to perform any official acts. The 
changes, during the year, in our Synod, have been few. 

In accordance with a resolution passed at the last con- 
vention of our Synod, held in St. Johns Church, Lexington 
county, South Carolina, October 5-10, 1876, appointing a 
committee to examine John W. Hauseufluck, of Shenandoah 
County, Va , as to his qualifications for the ministerial office, 
and if found qualified to ordain him to the office of pastor, 
the said Committee examined him, and he having sustained 
his examination, was ordained by the imposition of hands 
and with prayer, according to the rites of the Church, on the 
14th day of May, 1S7G, during a meeting of the Virginia 
Special Conference of the Evan. Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 
convened at Solomon's Church, Shenandoah County, Va., 
May 12-15, 1877. 

We recommend, that his name be enrolled among the 
names of the clergy, in connection with our Synod. His ad- 
dress is Grove Hill, Page Co., Va. 

New Church Edifices and Organizations. — A 
large, commodious Church Edifice, having been erected, in 
good style, by the congregation of Solomon's Church, near 
Forestville, Shenandoah County, Va., Kev J. S. Beunick's 
charge, to take the place of the old Church building, was 
dedicated to the services of God, under the name and title 
of Solomon's (Evang. Lutheran} Church, on the 13th day of 
May, 1877. 

Members of Kev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge, Page County, 
Va., having purchased a Church building, formerly owned 
and occupied by the German Reformed, refitted and repair- 
ed it. A congregation was organized, and the house dedi- 
cated to the services of God, under the name and title of 
Grace, (Evang. Lutheran) Church, on the 5th Sunday of 
July, 1877. 

No doubt this new congregation will apply for admit- 
tance into our Synod, at this session. If so, it should be re 
ceived. 

We also learn, that an excellent Church edifice has been 
erected by the Coble Church congregation, Kev. M. L. Fox's 



6 

charge, Guilford Comity, North Carolina, which will be dedi- 
cated, during this session of Synod. No other new organiza- 
tion, or Church edifices have been reported to us, during the 
Sy nodical year. 

Vacancies. —We are informed, that several congrega- 
tions made vacant by the death of the lamented Kev. T. 
Crouse, in Davidson County, N C, are being temporarily 
served by Kev. C. H. Bernheim, of the North Caroliua 
Synod. Some action of Synod may be necessary in regard 
to these congregations. All our other vacantcongregatious, 
we believe, are being temporarily served 

Changes in Pastorates —St. Paul's Church, Page 
Co., Va., served by us, St. William's and Fairview, of the 
same county, served by Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, have been form- 
ed into a charge, which is now served by Kev. J. W. Hauseu- 
rluck. Zion Church, and St Paul's, I believe, Shenandoah Co., 
Va., served by Kev. J. S. Bennick, have been added to Kev. J. 
P. Stirewalts charge. The Kochelle congregation, Madison 
County, Va., formerly served by Kev. J E. Seneker, is now 
served by Rev. L. A. Fox. 

Several changes have been made also in some of the 
charges in North Carolina, but we have uot been informed 
as to the precise arrangement. 

No doubt, as many of our charges are still too large, and 
not arranged in the most advantageous and convenient way, 
further changes would prove profitable to the Church, and 
convenient to pastors and people. Perhaps, it would be well 
to continue all judicious efforts, till the charges shall have 
been arranged to the best advantage. 

Church Property. — We have been informed that the 
Lutheran Church edifice located in Lincolnton, Lincoln 
Co., N. C, is now being occupied by some Baptist denomi- 
nation. 

We would recommend, that Synod appoint a suitable 
Committee, and authorize it to see after our interest in that 
property, and if there is no prospect of building up a Luth- 
eran congregation there, the property might be sold and the 
proceeds used to advantage. But if it is thought, that Lin- 
colnton is too important a point to be abandoned, Synod 
should make it u missionary point, and secure the services 
of a suitable minister to attend to it. This matter is worthy 
of the consideration of Synod. 

Education. — We are informed, that the School, estab- 
lished at Conover, Catawba Co., N. C, under Church influ- 
ence, is in operation. We would commend it to the favor 
able recognition of Synod, to take such action iu regard to 
it as may be deemed proper. It seems to be a necessity in 
that section, and will, if properly managed, prove a blessing 
to the Church. 



Missionary Operations. — We would recommend, in 
conclusion, that Synod take some efficient actiou relative to 
Home Missionary operations. Perhaps, arrangements could 
be made to put a Missionary in the field. 

May the Great Head of the Church preside over us, 
during our present meeting, guiding us in the way of truth 
and efficiency, so that our deliberations and transactions 
may contribute to the honor and glory of God and to the 
promotion of the Redeemer's Kingdom. 

Socrates Oenkel. 

Election for Officers lor the ensuing year was held, with 
the following results: 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., President. 

'• J. Paul Stireavalt, Record. Secretary. 

" M. L. Little, Cor. Secretary. 

'' D. Efird, Treasurer. 

On motion Synod adjourned till after recess. Benedic- 
tion by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 

SECOND SESSION. 

Thursday, 2 o'clock. 
Synod resumed business. 

Letters, papers, and petitions, addressed to Synod were 
called for, placed on the table, and handed over to the re- 
spective Committees. 

REGULAR COMMITTEES. 

1. On Presidents Report.— Rev'ds T. Moser, M L. Lit- 
tle and Dr. J. W. Eargle. 

2. On Unfinished Business. — Rev'ds A. L. Crouse, J. C. 
Moser, and Mr. Henry Uarr. 

3. On Examination.— Rev'ds T. Moser and H. Good- 
m a n . 

4. On the State of the Church. —Mr. C. Bookman, Col. 
Jos. Crouse, and Rev. M. L. Little. 

5. On Letters and Petitions.— Rev. D. Efird, Mr. J. Ep- 
ting, Sen., and Rev. T. Moser. 

G. On Treasurer' 's Report and Beneficiary Associations.— 
Rev. J. C. Moser, Col. G. H. Chapman aud Mr. W. A. Beck. 

On motion the President was added to the Committee 
on Examination. 

On motion, Rev. P. C. Henkel was unanimously re- 
ceived as a member of this Synod. 



CORRESPONDING DELEGATES TO OTHER SYNODS. 

To K (3. Synod, Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, Principal, Rev. J. 
C. Moser, Alternate. 

To S. C. Synod, Rev. M. L. Little, Principal, Kev. A. L. 
Grouse, Alternate. 

To Holston Synod, Rev. J. M. Smith, Principal, Rev. T. 
Moser, Alternate. 

To Penn. Synod, Rev. L. A. Fox, Principal, Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D., Alternate. 

To Va. Synod, Rev. J. jST. Stirewalt, Principal. Rev. I. 
Conder, Alternate. 

REPORT ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

1. Weyour Committee on unfinished business report that 
we find on page 8 of last year's minutes, that a committee was 
appointed to examine and ordain Mr. A. L. Youut. if ueces- 
sary. Weinquire if that committee has discharged itsduty ? 

2. On page 15, we find that a Committe was appointed 
to submit a plan to meet the requirements of our organic 
law, requiring some probationary period of one year for our 
candidates for the ministry, prior to ordination. Is this com- 
mittee ready to report? 

3. On page 12, we find the continuation of a Committee 
to collect statistics and material for the history of our 
Churches and Synod, and we inquire whether this committee 
has done anything? 

4. On some page, we find the continuation of a Commit- 
tee to collect all the minutes and pamphlets of the different 
sessions of our Synod and have them bound, and we inquire 
if this work has been eousumated? 

5. On page 14. we find that a Committee on the revision 
of our Beneficiary Education system was appointed and to 
report at this meeting of Synod ? 

b\ On page 15, we find that a Committee was appointed 
in the case of Rev. D Ktird and others, and we inquire what 
has been done? 

A. L. Grouse, 
J C. Moser, 
Henry Darr. 

The report was received and laid over for future action. 
There being no business before Synod, the Theses on the 
" Fall and rise of Man'' were read, and received for discus- 
sion. 

On motion Synod adjourned till Friday morning.— 
Prayer by Rev. A. L. Grouse. 



THIRD SESSION. 

Friday Morning, 9 o'clock. 

Synod met and was opened with prayer by Rev. A. L. 
Orouse. Roll called. Minutes read, received, and adopted. 

On motion, Rev. E. P. Parker, of the X. 0. Synod, was 
invited to a seat within the bar of Synod. 

On motion the reprinting ot'our old Church Hymn Book 
was taken up, aud after a tree exchange of views, was in- 
definitely postponed. 

On motion the Report on Unfinished Business was 
taken up, and considered b,v items. 

Item 1. No action necessary. 

Item 2. No action taken. 

Item 3. Committee discharged. 

On motion, a new Committee was appointed to collect 
statistics and material for the history of our Churches aud 
Synod, and report the result of their efforts at the uext con- 
vention of Synod. Committee, Revs. A. J. Fox, P. C. 
Henkel, L. A. Fox, aud Rev. D. Etird. 

Item I Favorably reported, aud Committee continued. 

Item 5. Report was read, received, aud takeu up, and 
on motion laid on the table. 

On motion Synod adjourued till after recess. Benedic- 
tion by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 

During recess Rev. H. Goodman preached a sermon 
from 1 Cor. 2, 2. 

FOURTH SESSION. 

Friday, 2 o'clock. 
Synod was called to order by the President. Roll was 
called aud business resumed. 

Item 6, of Report on Unfinished Business was received. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO COLLECT THE 

EVIDENCE, PRO AND CuN, IN REGARD TO CERTAIN 

CHARGES PREFERRED AGAINST REV. D. EFIRD. 

Your Committee appointed to collect the testimony of- 
fered, on bath sides, in regard to certain charges preferred 
against Rev. Daniel Etird, a member of this Synod, aud re- 
port the same to the present convention of this Synod, 
would submit that, after some preliminary correspondence 
with both the accusers, aud the accused, aud being furnish- 
ed with a written copy of the charges and specifications pre- 



10 

ferred against him, and being 1 assured that a copy of the 
same had been properly served on the said Rev. Daniel 
Efird, in obedience to a resolution of this Synod, we called 
and attended a meeting for the purposes designated iu our 
appointment, at St. Peter's (Piuey Woods; Church, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. 0., on the 22nd, 23rd, and 24th days of May, 1877, 
heard and recorded the testimony as we were required to do. 

Your Committee, upon considering this very difficult, 
but, nevertheless, grave and important matter, thought it 
would be best for all concerned, to have all the witnesses 
make their statements under a civil oath. And according- 
ly, all on both sides were publicly qualified by Mr. 

Counts, Notary Public. The witnesses on both sides were 
heard and examined, and the substance of the statement 
made by each one was written down, and publicly read to 
him, while he was still upon the witness stand ; and he was 
asked whether the statemants then recorded is what he 
swears iu this case— to which every one gave an affirmative 
answer. 

Rev. JJauiel Efird, by agreement of both parties, was 
permitted to present in writing, the principle part of his tes- 
timony iu his own defeuse — this he did on oath. 

After all the testimony offered on both sides, at that 
time, had been heard and recorded, the meeting adjourned, 
sine die. 

Since then, several copies of additional testimony of 
affidavits taken by Rev. Daniel Efird, in his own defense, 
have been forwarded to us, with a statement from him that 
the original are retained by him, to be presented to this con- 
vention of the Synod. 

Your Committee having discharged all the portions of 
this most difficult duty assigned to us by the Synod to the 
best of our ability ; now most respectfully beg leave to com- 
plete the work assigned us, by suomitiug this report in con- 
nection with the charges preferred — the evidence collected, 
and all the papers relating to this case, tiiat have come into 
our hands, with the sincere hope, and prayer to Almighty 
God, that in the wisdom of this Synod, and with ihe guid- 
ance of tiie Holy Spirit of God, this case may be disposed of, 
in such a manner, that full justice shall be done to all cou 
cerued, to the honor and glory of the Great Head of the 
Church. A J. Eox, 

A. COSTNER. 

On motion, all the Ministers present were appointed a 
Committee to investigate the written evidence on the Efird 
— Chapman, i^and others,) case. 

The appointed Committee on the State of the Church 
read their report. The report was laid on the table 



11 

Adjourned till Saturday morning. Prayer by Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D. 

Friday evening a sermon was preached by Mr. E. L. 
Ly brand, from Luke 8, 4-8. 

FIFTH SESSION. 

Saturday Morning, 9 o'clock. 

Synod was opened by Rev. J. M. Smith. Roll called. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim of the U. 0. Synod being present, 
and having presented his credentials of election as corres- 
ponding delegate from the North Carolina Synod, to this 
Synod, was received, and took his seat as such among us. 

On motion, reading of yesterdays Minutes was dis- 
pensed with. 

On motion, the report on the State of the Church was 
re committed. 

On motion, the Committee on the State of the Church 
was discharged. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE PROBATION OF CAN- 
DIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Your Committee, to whom this duty was assigned have 
examined the matter with as much care as time aud oppor- 
tunities have permited us to do, and we must say, that we 
find it surrounded by many very serious difficulties. Ow- 
ing to the peculiar situation of our Synod, and also the 
poorly defined, and unsettled views of the Church at this 
time, upon this subject. We however beg leave to submit 
the following: 

Formerly our Synod recognized two grades in the Min- 
istry, Deacon and Pastor. This custom, as observed by us, 
resulted in a two-fold Ordination, in almost all cases, and 
after some 45 years experience, with this custom, it was 
abondoned, and the licensure System, as practiced by many 
other Lutheran Synods, in this country was substituted, 
aud this was in use among us for some 10 or 12 years. But 
was finally abandoned by a resolution of our last Synod. 
The first was abandoned, because it was supposed by some 
that there is no Scriptural warrant for a two fold Ordina- 
tion as was practiced by us. The latter was abandoned be 
cause, it has no Scriptural warrant — is not practiced by the 
more genuine Lutheran Synods of this country ; aud is rap- 
idly going into disuse, even among the more lax of our Luth- 
eran, Synods. The question now is with us, shall we return 
to either of our abandoned customs, or adopt some other 



12 

one. Our organic law requires a probationary period of at 
least one year, of all our candidates for the office of the Min- 
istry. The Synods in connection with the General Bodies 
of our Church, have no difficulty in regard to this matter ; 
because each one of thein has a Theological Seminary under 
their care and direction, in which they generally require 
their candidates for the ministry to pass a regular pupilage 
from one to three years; and at the eod of that time, they 
are prepared for ordination. With us, however, the case is 
very different, as we have no such Institution, iu which to 
prepare our young men. The Church in this country, is iu 
rather a transition state, and the greater portion may at no 
distant day, adopt a graded ministry embraciug, not ouly the 
Deacon and Pastor, but the Bishop too. Besides, our Synod 
may in no very many years, see her way clear to unite with 
some one of the General Lutheran bodies of this country — 
In view of all these things, your Committee is of the opinion, 
that we as a Synod are bearly prepared, at this time, to take 
any decided action in regard to this matter, and therefore, 
recommeud that a resolution be adopted at this convention 
of our Synod, advising all candidates for the ministry, who 
now are under the care of Synod, or who may at any time 
place themselves under her care, to place themselves under 
the care of some minister in our connection and prosecute 
their studies, and labor under his directions until they are 
prepared for ordination, or until this order is changed. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, 
S. Henkel. 

The recommeudatiou in the Report was sustained. 

Moved, that the Efird — Chapman, (and others,) case be 
now heard and considered. 

Moved that the President appoint two persons as at- 
torneys to conduct the case. 

Appointments, Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, on the part of the 
Plaintiffs, and Rev. P. 0. Henkel,on that of the Defendants. 

On motion Synod adjourned to meet after recess for the 
consideration of said case. Benediction by Mr J. K. Efird. 

During recess Rev. J. M. Smith preached from John 8, 
29, 30, 31. After which the pastor loci administered the Rite 
of Confirmation to eight persons. 

SIXTH SESSION. 
» Saturday, 2 o'clock. 

The members of Synod assembled iu private session, 
and were called to order by the President, Roll called. 



13 

Synod proceeded to consider the above named case. — 
After investigating and considering the two specifications 
under the first count, and the first specification under the 
second count being introduced, and the attorney for the 
plaintiff finding that a paper containing the principal evi- 
dence had been lost or misplaced, asked the consent 
of the attorney for the defence, to enter a nolle prosequi. — 
After some consultation it was granted. 



NOLLE PROSEQUI. 

JRCH, Gui 

November 12, 1S77. 



Coble's Church, Guilford Co., N. C, ) 



This day by mutual agreement, Rev. A. J. Fox and Rev. 
P. C Henkel counsel, in a case in which Col. Geo. H. Chap- 
man and others, against Rev. Daniel Efird, brought before 
the Evan. Lutheran Tennessee Synod, in which case serious 
charges were preferred against the said Dauiel Efird, the 
case being commenced and brought to a certain stage, when 
we the counsel on both parts by a mutual agreement made 
and publicly subscribed by each one of the counsel in the 
presence of the whole number of the members now present, 
enter a cessation of the prosecution. 

A. J. Eox, P. 0. Henkel, 

Counsel for the Prosecution. Counsel for the Defendant. 

On motion, the entrance of the nolle prosequi was agreed 
to, by Synod. 

The President then arose and delivered a suitable ad- 
monition, intermingled with traces of reprimand and pru- 
dence. 

On motion, Rev. J. C. Moser was granted leave of 
absence. 

Moved to adjourn till Monday morning, 9 o'clock Bene- 
diction by Rev. T. Moser. 

RELIGIOUS SERVICES ON SUNDAY. 

A large congregation assembled in the new Church 
edifice and listened to the dedicatory sermon by Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D., after which the dedicatory services were con- 
ducted by Rev. P. C. Henkel. 

At the same time a congregation assembled in the old 
Church, and were addressed by Rev. A. L. Crouse, from 
Rom. 10, 1, 2, 3. 



14 

A recess was given, after which the congregation as- 
sembled at the stand in the Grove, and heard a sermon de- 
livered by Rev. Dr. A. J. Pox, from 1 Cor. 11, 26-32. 

Confession and absolution were then attended to, and 
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was administered to a 
goodly number of communicants. 

During these lengthy exercises the large assembly was 
characterized by good order and marked attention. 

SE VENTE SESSION. 

Monday Morning, 9 o'clock. 
Synod met and was opened in the usual way, by the 
Secretary. 

REPORT ON THE PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

The Committee on the President's Report submit the 
following. 

1. That the name of J. W. Hauseufluck be entered on 
the ministerial roll of our Synod. 

2. That a Committee of three be appointed to confer 
with a similar Committee, to be appointed by the Reformed 
Church, in reference to joint Church property at Lincoln - 
ton, N. C. 

3. That we regard no further action o'i the part of this 
Synod, in reference to the Concordia Hig'i School, at Con- 
over, X. C, as necessary. 

4. That S3 nod put a traveling missionary in the field, 
as soon as the uecessary arrangement can be made. 

Respectfully submitted, 

T. Moser, 
M. L. Little, 
J. W. Eargle. 

On motion, the Report was received and considered, 
item by item. 

Item 1, sustained and bro. J. W. Hausenflucks' name 
enrolled. 

Item 2, recommendation sustained and Committee ap- 
pointed. Committee, Rev. J. R. Peterson, A. Costner, and 
Caleb Rhodes. 

Item 3, recommendation of Committee sustained. 

Item 4, recommendation of Committee sustained. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

Your Committee on Letters and Petitions beg leaf to 
submit the following : 

Class I. Petitions for Ordination. 

Nos. 1 and 2 are petitions from St. Johu's and St. Pe- 
ter's Churches, Lexington Co., S. C, asking for the exami- 
nation and ordination of Messrs. J. A. Cromer, J. K. Etird, 
and E. L. Lybrand. 

Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 are petitions from Bethlehem, St. 
Jacob's, Cedar Grove, St. Pauls, Immanuel's and Zion's 
Churches, Lexiugtou Co., S. C , praying for the examination, 
ordination and services of candidates, J. K. Enrd, E. L. Ly- 
brand and J. A. Cromer 

Nos. 9 and 10 are petitions from St. Stephen's and Zion's 
Churches, Catawba Co., N. C, praying for the examination 
and ordination of candidate, R. A. Yoder. 

Class II Petitions for the next Session of Synod. 

No. 1 is a petition from St. Matthew's Church, Shenan- 
doah Co., Va., asking for the next session of this Synod to 
convene in said Church. 

No. 2 is a petition from Emanuel's Church, New Market, 
Shenandoah Co., Va , of the same import. 

No. 3 is a petition from St. Mary's Church, Shenandoah 
Co., Va , of similar import. 

Class III. Petitions for dismissal. 

No. 1 is a petition from Spanish Grove congregation, 
Forsythe Co., N. C, in which the petitioners asked to be 
dismissed from this Synod. 

Class II. Memorials. 

No. 1 is a memorial from Beck's Church, Davidson Co., 
N. C, in which the memorialists state, that they have been 
supplied with preaching this year, by Rev. C. H. Bernheim, 
of the N. C. Synod 

No. 2 is a memorial from Coble's Church, Guilford Co., 
N. C., in which the memorialist state that they have been 
faithfully served this year as pastor by Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox. 

Class V. Letters to Synod. 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. S. Benuick. 1. He gives 
his reason for non attendance at this session of Synod. — 
2. Assigus his reasons for not raising auy Beneficiary Funds 
this year. 3. He speaks of a petition from St Mary's Church, 
Shenandoah Co , Va., asking for the next session of Synod 
to convene in said Church, and urges that Synod comply 
with said request. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. J. R. Peterson, giving his 
reasons for his non attendance at this session of Synod, and 
speaks of education and missions. 

No. 3 is a letter from Kev. J. I. Miller, in which he states 
his appointment by the Va. Synod, as Corresponding Dele- 




16 

gate to our Synod, and regrets his inability to be with us. — 
Tenders the fraternal greetings of the Va. Synod to this 
body, and ealls the attention of this Synod to the late action 
of the General Synod, on the subject of the Richmond Mis 
sion. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. In reference to Nos I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 7 and 8, we recom- 
mend the examination of brethren J. K. Efird, K. L. Ly- 
brand, and J. A. Cromer. 

2. In reference to Nos. 9 and 10, we recommend that 
brother R. A. Yoder be examined and ordained. 

3. In reference to Class 3rd. No. 1, we recommend that 
the petioners request be granted. 

4. In reference to Class 5th, No. 1. we reeommeud that 
Bro. Bennick be excused. 

5. In reference to No 2, we recommend that Bro. Peter- 
son be excused. 

7. In reference to No. 3. be it 

Resolved, That we express our regret that Rev. J. I. 
Miller, did not hud it convenient to be with us. 

D. Efird. 
Jacob Epting, Sen. 

Report was received and acted upon by items. 

On motion, Rev. Dr. A. J, Fox was added to the Com- 
mittee on examination instead of Rev. T. Moser absent. 

Class I. — Items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 7, 8 and recommendation 
postponed for the present. 

Items 9 and 10, R. A. Yoder declined being examined. 

Class II. — Petitions for Synod. 

No. 1. Next meeting be held in St. Matthew Church, 
Virginia. 

It was moved that the next meeting of the Synod be 
held in St. Matthew Church, Shenandoah Co , Va., begin- 
ning on Thursday before the first Sunday in September, 1878. 

ClassIII.—^o. 1. Complied with. Rev. P. C. Heukel 
and N. Towusan voted negatively. 

Moved to adjourn till after sermon. During intermis- 
sion Rev. P. C. Henkel preached from John 3, 5. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Monday, 2 o'clock. 



Synod assembled and resumed business 
Report on Letters and Petitions was takeu up, consider- 
ed and finished. 



17 

Class V. — No. 1. Rev. J. S. Bennick not excused. 
No. 2. Rev. J. R. Peterson excused. 
No. 3 Resolution unanimously adopted. 
Rev. I. Conder not excused. 
Rev. T. Miller excused. 
Rev. J. N. Stirewalt excused. 
Rev. L. A. Fox excused. 

Report on Letters and Petitions was adopted as a whole. 
On motion, Rev. T. Moser was granted leave of absence. 
Reports on the condition of congregations were now 
read, being called for by the President. 

Synod ajourned with prayer by Rev. M. L. Little. 

NINTH SESSION 

Tuesday Morning, 9 o'clock. 

Synod was opened with prayer by Rev. H. Goodman. — 
Roll called. 

On motion, it was made the duty of the President, ver- 
bally, to return to day after divine worship, the most sincere 
thanks of the members of this Synod to the members of this 
congregation, and other citizens of this community for the 
many acts of kindness they have so generally extended to 
us, during our sojourn in their midst. 

Resolved, That a sufficient number of copies of the Min- 
utes of this Convention of Synod be printed to supply the 
calls for them, and to furnish each minister of this Synod 
with three copies, each General Body of Lutherans in this 
country, the Synods in correspondence with this body, our 
Institutions of learning, and our Lutheran publications two 
copies each. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim, Corresponding Delegate of the 
N. C. Synod, conveyed to this^Synod in a few pertinent re- 
marks, the fraternal greetings and kindly feelings of the N. 
C. Synod, and was appropriately replied to by Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D. 

The following resolution in reference to the congrega- 
tions of the late Rev. T. Crouse, was unanimously adopted. 

THE CONGREGATIONS OF THE REV. T. CROUSE. 

Resolved, That the course pursued aud the conduct 
manifested by Rev. C. H. Bernheim, of N. C. Synod, in 
serving as a supply the congregations left vacant by the 



18 

death of the late lamented Rev. T. Grouse, and in connection 
with this Synod, is commendable, and meets the approba- 
tion of this Synod. 

On motion, the minutes were received and adopted 
without reading. 

An election of Treasurer for Beneficiary Fund was held, 
aud resulted in the re-election of Rev. T. Moser. 

The Committee on Treasurers and Beneficiary Treas- 
urer's Report, have examined these Reports and find them 
correct. M. L. Little, 

W. A. Beck. 

REPORT OF TREASURER OF SYNOD. 

Rev. A. J. Fox, 

In account with 

Evan. Lttth. Tenn. Synod. 
1877. 
Nov. 13, To am't due from former Treasurer, 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., $73.28 

187G. 
Dec. 5, By am't paid Henkel & Co., for printing, 

binding and mailing Minutes for 1876, $50 12 

To balance due Synod by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 17.10 
To cash on hand collected from congre- 
gations for Synodical Treasury, $13.30 
To balance due the Synod in cash and accounts, 60.40 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. Fox, Treasurer. 

REPORT OF TREASURER OF BENEFICIARY FUND. 

T. Moser, 

In a ceo tint with 

Evan. Luth. Tenn. Synod. 

1877. Dr. 

To amount on hand, $3.45 

Jan 10, " " from Rev J. R. Peterson's charge, 50.40 
June 19, " " " Rev. J- M. Smith's charge, 10 55 
Nov. 11, " " " Rev. M. L. Little's charge, 50 00 
Nov. 11, " " " Rev. T. Mosers charge, 2.60 



1877. Cr. 

Jan. 10, By am't paid R. A. Yoder, $29.55 

May 1, '' " " 61.00 

June 19, u " u 12.00 

July 28, " - k " 3.00 

Nov. 8, " k ' " 11-45 



$117.00 



$117.00 
T. Moser, Treas. Ben. Fund. 



TREASURER S AGENT REPORT. 

S. Henkel with Rev. T. Moser, 

Trasarer of Tenn. Synod Beneficiary Association. 

1876. Dr. 
Sept. 30, To balance due on account rendered, $2.80 

1877. Jan. 25, of Mary M. Henkel, 3 .15 
" Feb. 1, of L. M. Zirkle, Treas. Emanuel 

Church, Xew Market, Va., 12.00 

Aug. 14, of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 11.35 

" " of Rev. J. K Stirewalt, 182 

" " of Rev. 1. Oonder, 22.00 

Sept. 3, of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 1.62 

860.86 
1877. Or. 

April, By am't paid J. \V. Hausenfluck, £15. 00 815.00 



$75.86 
S. Henkel, Agent of Ben. Treats. 

On motion, the President appointed a Committee of three 
to prepare rules and regulations for the government of Bene- 
ficiaries to report at the next meeting of Synod. Committee, 
Rev. A. J. Fox, J. M Smith, and Mr. M. L Cliue. 

On motion, tue following Executive Committee on Mis- 
sions was appointed by the President. Revs. L. A. Fox, P. 
C. Henkel, and A. L. Grouse. 

RESOLUTION RELATIVE TO REV. A. L. YOUNT. 

Whereas, Rev. A. L. Yount, formerly a Beneficiary, 

and who had received some 8500 or $600 of the Beueticiary 
funds of this Synod, and who had entered intoan obligation 
to labor within the bounds of this Synod for a term of ten 
years, has removed to, and taken charge of Lutheran con- 
gregation at Mnrphysboro, 111., and by this act has laid him 
self liable to refund the money he has received from this 
Synod with 6 per cent, interest Be it 

Resolved, by this Synod that Rev. A. L. Yount, be here- 
by notified that he is expected and required to refund as 
early as possible, all the money he has received with the in 
terest he has obligated himself to pay to this Synod. 

Resolution adopted. 

On motion. Synod adjourned to meet at the time and 
place above mentioned. Closed by Rev. Henkel, D. D. 

After recess a sermon was preached by the Secretary 
from 1 Thes. 5, 17. 

J. Paul Stirewalt, 

Secretary. 



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STANDING RESOLUTON5. 



Resolved, That each of our Pastors be earnestly requesed, to 
preach at least one Sermon in each of his congregations, 
annually, upon the subject of Beneficiary Education, 
and other benevolent enterprises, and report to the next 
succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be request- 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written 
Eeport of the condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly cate- 
chising those who propose to become members of our com- 
munion, previous to their Confirmation, is, in some places, 
falling into disuse, and rather a loose custom of receiving 
uncatechised persons into the Church, without the slight- 
est examination of them in regard to their religious knowl- 
edge and other qualifications for Church membership, has 
been practiced by some ; be it therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers 
and congregations in the future to see to it, that, if it can 
possibly be done, all who make application for Church 
membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechisation, 
in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to 
their Confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or 
such young persons as have been so favorably situated as 
to have had opportunities to become acquainted with and 
to have informed themselves of our doctrines and cus- 
toms, seek Church privileges, we recommend that their 
request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons 
have been examined by the Pastor, before the Council, 
and have been approved by them. 



INDEX. 



Page. 
Absentees, 17 

Committees, Regular, 7 

Corresponding Delegates to other Synods 8 

Delegate from Virginia Synod, 15 

Delegate from N. C. Synod, 17 

Executive Committee on Missions, 19 

Lay-Delegates, 4 

Ministerial Roll, 3 

Meeting of next Convention, 16 

Nolle Prosequi, IB 

Officers, 7 

President's Report, 4-7 

Printing Minutes, 17 

Parochial Report, 20 

Receptions, 7 

Report on Unfinished Business, 8 

Report of Committee to collect Evidence in regard to the Efird- 

Chapman Case, 9 

Report of Committee on State of the Church, 10 

Report on Probationary State of Theological Students, 11 

Religious Services on Sunday, 13 

Report on President's Report, 14 

Report on Letters and Petitions, 15 

Recommendations, 16 

Resolution relative to Rev. T. Crouse's Charge, 17 

Report of Treasurer of Synod, 18 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 18 

Report of Treasurer's Agent, 19 

Resolution relative to Rev. A. L. Yount, 19 

Standing Resolutions, 21 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



FlFTY-ElGHTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



Tennessee Synod, 



HELD IN 



ST. MATTHEW CHURCH, SHENANDOAH COUNTY, VA. 



August 29 to September 2, 1878. 



New Market, Va. : 
Henkel & Co., Printers. 



Calendar for 1878-79, 



JRet. P. C. HENKEL, Peesident, - - - Conover, JST. C. 

Rev. L. A. FOX, Recording Secretary, - - - Waynesboro, Va. 

Rev. Dk. A. J. FOX, Corresponding Secretary, - Lincolnton, N. C. 

Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT, Treasurer, - - New Market, Va. 

Examining Committee. 

Rev. S. HENKEL, D. D., Rev. Dr. A. J. FOX, 

Rev. J. N. STIREWALT, Rev. L. A. FOX. 

Delegates to Other Synods. 

North Carolina Synod. 

Rev. P. C. HENKEL, Principal. Rev. A. L. CROUSE, Alternate. 

Virginia Synod. 
Rev. S. HENKEL, D. D., Principal. Rev. L. A. FOX, Alternate. 

South Carolina Synod. 
Rev. M. L. LITTLE, Principal. Rev. A. L. CROUSE, Alternate. 

Holston Synod. 
Rev. J- M. SMITH, Principal. Rev. T. MOSER, Alternate. 

Pennsylvania Synod. 
Rev. L. A. FOX, Principal. Rev. S. HENKEL, D. D., Alternate;. 



TRANSACTIONS 



Fifty-Eighth Annual Convention 

OF THE 

Evan. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod convened 
in its Fifty-eighth annual session in St. Matthew church, 
Shenandoah Co., Va., beginning on Thursday, the 29th day 
of August, 1878. 

Synod was opened by the President in the usual form, 
the roll of Ministers was called, the lay-delegates presented 
their certificates of election, and their names were enrolled. 

Ministers. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. A. J. Fox Lincolnton, N. C. 

2 " J.R.Peterson Dallas, N. C 

3 " T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

4 " P. C. Henkel Conover, " 

5 " S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

6 " D. Efird* Pine Ridge, S- C. 

7 " J. M. Smith! Conover, N. C. 

8 " I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 

9 " J. N. Stirewai/t Stony Man, Va. 

10 " J. S. Bennick Forestville, " 

11 " M. L. Fox Sandy Creek, N. C. 

12 " J. C. Moser* China Grove, " 

13 " M. L. Little* Lincolnton, " 

14 " L. A. Fox Waynesboro, Va. 

15 " A. L. Crouse Summit, S. C 

16 " J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va- 

17 " J. W. Hausenfluck Grove Hill, 

18 " E. L. Lybrand^: Columbia, S. C. 

19 " J. K. Efird J Summit, S. C. 

20 " J. A. Cromer t Columbia, S. C. 

* Excused. t Not excused. 

I Examined and ordained at this meeting. 



4 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Lay-Delegates. 

Names. Churches Represented. 

\ St. James, St. Thomas, 

J. K. Efirp - Cedar Grove, St. Peter, 

( (Metz), St. Paul, S. C. 

D. H. Wheeler St. John, S. C. 

( St. Peter or Piuy Woods, 

E. L. Ltbkand. -; Bethlehem and Zion, 

( South Carolina. 
J. A. Cromer Jacob and Emanuel, S. C. 

( Ziou, St. John, Conover, 
N. Townsan -St. Paul, Piny Grove, 

( Hickory, St James, N.C. 

( Coble, Melanchthon and 
Petek Coble - Mount Pleasant, North 

( Carolina. 

A. G. Henkel Bethlehem, Ya. 

W. H. Arehart St. Jacob, Bethany, Va. 

J. F.Miller Trinity, Va. 

Jno. T. Hoake Grace, l * 

Henry Soh.effer Morning Star, Va. 

Jno. H. Zirkle St. Mark, Va. 

D. H Henkel Mt. Calvar}% Va. 

A. Dodson St- Jacob, " 

Capt. Jno. E. Towns St. Matthew, " 

J. G. Fellers St Paul, 

Jos. H. Stickley. Zion, " 

Jno. J. Hepner Powder Springs, Va. 

C. Miller St. Paul, Va. 

M. Filtzmoyer Rader, " 

Samuel Filtzmoyer St. Mary (Pine), Va. 

Geo. Boavman Solomon, Va. 

D. S. Henkel Emmanuel, Va. 

Jno. Lowery Mt. Zion, Va- 

The President read his annual Beport, which was receiv- 
ed, to be referred to the proper Committee. 

President's Report. 

Dear Brethren in Christ :— May grace, mercy, and peace, from 
God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, be and abide with us. 

The allwise and merciful Being who transmitted his Kingdom to this- 
world, saw fit to make men his instruments and ministers, to maintain, 
extend, dispense, and perpetuate it. Some of the interests of this King- 
dom can be better promoted by assemblies and taking counsel together. 

It is through the beneficent providence of our merciful Father in 
heaven, that we have been permitted to pass another synodical year, safe- 
ly, and to assemble again for this purpose, in the capacity of a delibera- 
tive body, in which we are able to meet each other with fraternal greeting. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

It becomes us, then, to devise the best and most judicious means for the 
object contemplated. 

We should rightly appreciate these privileges, and form proper con- 
ceptions of the solemn and sacred duties resting upon us as ministers and 
as an ecclesiastical body. Our hearts should devoutly rise in gratitude 
and thankfulness to our Heavenly Father, through Jesus Christ as the 
Mediator between him and us, and implore him to continue his blessings, 
and to grant us the guidance and aid of the Holy Spirit, in all the rela- 
tions of life. 

The lives of our ministerial brethren in ccnnection«with our Synod, 
except that of Rev. father Goodman, who departed this life on Jan. 26th, 
1878, — Synod will take proper action in regard to it, — have been preserved 
during the past year, and the deaths of our lay-membeis, have not been 
unusually numerous- The condition of our Synod, in a physical, moral, 
and spiritual point of view, seems to be in its normal health. 

Official Acts. — Daring the synociical year, we have had no occasion to 
perform any official act, as president of Synod. There have been no im- 
portant changes in our Synod, during the year, to require any such acts. 

New Churches, &c. — A new church edifice is in process of completion, 
in Caldwell co., N. C, called Philadelphia, Rev- P. C. fienkel's charge. 
A new church house, Hickory, Catawba co., N. C, Rev. J. M. Smith's 
charge, is in process of erection. Arrangements have been made to 
erect a new church at King's Mountain, a station on the Charlotte and 
Atlanta Air Line Railroad, Cleveland County, N. C, Rev. J. R. Peter- 
son's charge. A new congregation has been organized, by Rev. P. C. 
Henkel, at Table Rock, Burk Co., N. C. The congregation of Rader 
Church, Rockingham County, Va., Rev. J. S. Bennick's charge, arebuild- 
ing-a new church near Timberville. 

Vacancies. — We learn, that are still some vacant congregations within 
the bounds of our Synod, which are not regularly supplied with the means 
of grace, and that those left vacant by the death of the lamented T. 
('rouse, are still being served by Rev. C. H. Bernheim, of the North Caro- 
lina Synod. We would recommend, that Synod make arrangements to 
supply the vacancies, and that, as the congregations left vacant by the 
death of Rev. T. Crouse are in rather an abnormal condition, being served 
by a minister not in connection with the Synod, to which they belong, 
Rev. C. H. Bernheim be requested to consider the propriety of uniting 
with the Synod, to which the congregations, which he is serving, belong. 
No doubt this would be gratifying to these congregations, and contribute 
much to the best interests of all concerned. 

Changes in Pastorates. — As far as our information extends, very few, 
if any changes, have taken place during this year. No doubt, as many 
of our charges, are still too large, and not arranged in the most advan- 
tageous and convenient way, it would be well to consider the propriety of 
reducing them, and arranging them in the best and most j adicious man- 
ner. Our people ueed more preaching, and our children more thorough 
instruction. This cannot be accomplished with the present arrangement 



6 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

of some of our charges. It would evidently prove beneficial to the con- 
gregations to have regular, divine berviees more frequently. 

Church Property.— As we are informed, there is church property within 
the bounds of our Synod, which has been partly abandoned, —as that in 
Shenandoah County, Va., near Red Banks, that in Stanley County, N. C, 
and other property, we would recommend, that committees, one in N. C, 
and one in Va., be appointed to look after such property, to take steps to 
bring it into requisition in the most profitable manner, and to report the 
result of their efforts to the next meeting of Synod. Such property 
should not be too much neglected, but, utilized in some way. 

Education.— As a school has been established at Conover, Catawba 
County, N. C, called Concordia High School, under church influence, as 
a congregational enterprise, perhaps it would be well for Synod to ap- 
point a committee to examine into the propriety of making it a synodical 
enterprise, if it can be done consistent with the designs and character of 
the school, and report to next Synod. 

Missionary Operations. — The times demand, that our Synod should 
arouse to missionary work.. Much good could be accomplished it that way. 
There are many places within the bounds of Synod, where missions could 
be established, that would, in the course of a few 7 years, become self- 
sustaining. We would, therefore, suggest, if the pecuniary circumstances 
of the Synod will admit, that active missionary services be, at once, 
brought into requisition. 

May the Great Head of the Church preside over us, during our pres- 
ent meeting, guiding us in the way of truth and efficiency, so that our 
deliberations and transactions may contribute to the honor and glory of 
God and to the promotion of the Redeemer's Kingdom. 

SOCRATES HENKEL. 

Election of Officers for the ensuing year was held, with 
the following results: 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, - - - - President. 

" L. A. Fox, ------ Bee. Secretary. 

" Dr. A. J. Fox, - - - - Cor. Secretary. 

" J. Paul Stirewalt, - - Treasurer. 

It was moved, that the regular time for meeting during 
the Sessions of this Convention be S£ A. M., and 2 P. M. — 
On motion Synod adjourned till 2 P. M. Benediction by 
Rev. P. C. Henkel. 

During recess Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox preached. 

SEOOlsTID SESSION, 

House called to order by the President. Synod resumed 
business. 

Letters, Papers and Petitions addressed to Synod, were 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

called tor, placed ou the table, and handed to the respective 
Committees. 

Regular Committees. 

1. On President's Report. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, M. L. 
Fox, and Mr. N. Townsau. 

2. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. A. L. Crouse, J. K. 
Efird, aud Mr D. H. Wheeler. 

3. On Examination. — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., Dr. A. J. 
Fox, J. N. Stifewaltj and L. A. Fox. 

4. On the /State of the Church. — Revs. L. A. Fox, J. R. 
Peterson, and A. L. Crouse. 

5. On Letters and Petitions. — Rev. L. A. Fox aud Mr. 
A. Dodson. 

6. On Treasurers Report and Beneficiary Association. — 
Rev. J. S. Beunick, Messrs. D. S. Heukel and M. Filtzmoyer. 

The Executive Committee on Missious uow handed in 
the following report: 

Report of Executive Committee on Missions. 

The Executive Committee of Missions has no official acts to report. — 
No mission and no funds came into our hands. In response to a call by 
our Chairman through Odk Church Paper, no application has been made 
for aid. The Committee itself knew of no place of sufficient importance to 
justify it in assuming the responsibility of commencing operations. 

The Synod, however, has not been inactive ; most of our pastors have 
been missionatrng in places outside of their regular pastorates. Our Con- 
ferences have missions under their charge. None of these missions have 
required pecuniary assistance, and have not fallen under the perview of 
this Committee. 

We believe that tbere are points at which we might labor success- 
fully, but as this is a new sphere of effort for us as a Synod, those most in- 
terested are slow to make application. It is necessary that our pastors be 
vigilant in this direction. They must find such places and bring them to 
the attention of Synod. 

It is of grave importance that we should concentrate our missionary 
e fforts. While we should not diminish but rather increase such labors 
as we have hitherto been engaged in, yet all missious demanding pe- 
cuniary aid should be put under the control of Synod. When they have 
been located all must co-operate, heart to heart, and support them most 
earnestly- L. A. FOX, 

A, L. CROUSE, 
P. C. HENKEL. 



8 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The report was received. 

The Treasurer's Report was received and placed iu the 
hands oi'the proper committee. 

Report of Delegate to the Pennsylvania Synod. 

Your delegate to the Pennsly vania Synod could not attend the con- 
vention to which he was elected, but addressed to it a letter of fraternal 
greetings. L. A. FOX. 

On motion, Synod adjourned till Friday morning. 
Prayer by Rev. L. A. Fox. 

t:h:i:r,:d session. 

Friday Morning, 8£ o'clock. 

Synod met and was opened in the usual way by Rev. 
Dr. A. J. Fox. Roll called. Minutes of yesterday read, 
received, and adopted. 

On motion, the congregation at Conover, Catawba Co , 
N. C, was received and the delegate enrolled. 

The Committee on the President's Report, being called 
for, read the following report: 

Report of Committee on President's Report. 

We, the Committee upon President's Report, having examined that 
paper, beg leave to submit the following : 

Item 1. In references to "Vacancies,'' your Committee hav^e no 
recommendation to make but leave it to Synod to take such steps and 
make such provisions as its wisdom may suggest. » 

2. Your Committee have no recommendation to make in regard to 
change of pastorates, believing that necessary changes can be best made 
by the parties immediately concerned. 

3. We sustain the recommendation of the President to appoint two 
Committees, one in Virginia and another in North Carolina, to look after 
Church Property. 

4. Your Committee also approve the suggestion of the President con- 
cerning Concordia High School, and recommend that a Committee be ap- 
pointed. 

5. In the work of Missions, your Committee concur with the Presi- 
dent, and recommend that Synod take immediate steps towards active 
labor in that direction. 

6. Your Committee recommend that a Committee of three be ap- 
pointed to report suitable resolutions on the death of Rev. H. Goodman. 

Respectfully submitted, J. R. PETERSON, 

M. L. FOX, 
N. TOWNSEND. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

The Report was received, and, on motion, was considered 
by items- 
On motion, Rev. P. Miller, of the Virginia Synod, was 
invited to a seat within the bar of Synod. 

Item 1. Passed by for the present. 

Item 2. Passed by for the present. 

Item 3. This resolution was passed. 

''Resolved That this matter be referred to the Conferences in connec- 
tion with this Synod." 

Item 4. Adopted, by appointing that Committee, which 
consists of Revs. J. R Peterson and M. L. Little of K C, 
Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., and J. S. Bennick of Virginia. 

Item 5. Adopted, and Committee appointed by Synod, 
as follows: Revs. Dr. M. L. Fox, J. Paul Stirewalt, J. S. 
Beunick and A. L. Crouse, 

Item 6. Passed by for the present. The Report was 
recommitted. 

Item 7. Received and adopted. The Committee was 
appointed by the bouse as follows: Revs. P. C. Henkel, Dr. 
A. J- Fox aud J. R. Peterson. 

The Report was adopted as a whole. 

Report on Unfinished Business. 

We your Committee on Unfinished Business beg leave to report, 
that 

1. On page 9, we find the continuation of the Committees to collect 
all minutes and pamphlets oi the different conventions of our Synod and 
have them bound, and we ask if that committee is ready to report. 

2. On page 9, we find that a new committee was appointed to collect 
statistics and material for the history of our churches and synod, and re- 
port the result of theii efforts at the next convention of Synod. Our 
inquiry is, is the Committee prepared to report. 

3. On page 12, we find that, in the report of the Committee on the 
probation of candidates for the ministry, a recommendation that a reso- 
lution be adopted, at this convention of our synod, advising all candidates 
for the ministry, who now are under the care of synod, or who may at any 
time place themselves under the care of some minister, in our connection, 
and prosecute their studies, and labor under his directions, until they are 
prepared for ordination, or until this order is changed, and as the resolu- 
tion does not appear, from the record, to have been passed, nor the com- 
mittee discharged, we suggest that some action is necessary. 

4. On page 14, we find that it was determined to put a traveling 
missionary in the field, as soon as the necessary arrangements can be 
made, and we ask whether that arrangement cannot now be made and a 
missionary elected and put to work. 



10 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

5. On page 14, we find that a Committee was appointed in reference 
to certain church property in Lincolnton, N. C-, and we desire to know 
what has been done. 

6. On page 19, we find the appointment of a Committee of three to 
prepare rules and regulations for the government of Beneficiaries to re- 
port to the next meeting of Synod, and we call for the report. 

7. On page 19, we find the following : 

Resolved, By this Synod that Rev. A. L. Yount be hereby notified that 
he is expected and required to refund as early as possible all the 
money he has received with the interest he has obligated himself to pay 
to this Synod. We enquire whether Rev. Yount has complied with thi9 
requirement. Respectfully submitted, 

A. L. CROUSE, 

J.K. EF1RD, 

D. H. WHEELER. 

Item 1. Adopted and Committee continued. 
Item 2. Adopted. 

Report of the Committee to Collect Matter for the History of 

this Synod. 

Your Committee appointed to collect material for the history of this 
Synod, would most respectfully submit that they have not been able to do 
much in that way, and supposing, as it does, that there remains but little, 
if anything more to be done in that way, would most respectfully ask to 
be discharged. A. J. FOX, 

P. C. HENKEL, 
L. A. FOX. 

This Report was received, and adopted and the Com- 
mittee discharged. 

Item 3. The Committee not ready to report now. 

Item 4. In regard to this item, it was moved to appoint 
a Committee of three ministers to report apian for Mission- 
ary labors. Committee, Revs. Dr. A. J. Fox, J. R. Peter- 
son, and J. S. Benuick. 

Item 5. The Committee report slow progress, and were 
discharged. 

Item 6. Postponed till to-morrow morning. 

Item 7. Matter deferred till the Report of Committe on 
Letters and Petitions be heard. 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

Class I.— Letters. 

No. 1 Is a letter from Rey. J. M. Smith. He gives as excuse for 
absence a want of means and an unwillingness to ask his people, who 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

have been so greatly taxed by the Concordia High School, to bear his 
expenses. He speaks earnestly of the importance of a Lutheran School 
in which ministers may be trained. He believes such school is more 
important now, as being preparatory, missionary effort. 

Your committee recommends that he be excused. 

No. 2 Is - a letter from Rev. D. Efird. He assigns as his reasons for 
absence from this convention some legal business that demands his per- 
sonal attention. He calls the attention of Synod to the revision of the Hymn 
Book and states that 3U0 or 400 copies have been subscribed for and will 
be paid for as soon as delivered. 

We recommend that he be excused- 

No. 3 Is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, asking to be excused for non- 
attendance- 

We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 4 Is a letter from Rev. M. L. Little, assigning the dangerous ill- 
ness of his family as the chief reason of his absence. 

We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 5 Is a letter from Rev. J. C • Moser. He says that he was 
unable to raise the means of def laying expenses either from his own 
private funds or from the resources of the church. 

We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 6 Is*a letter from Rev- A- L. Yount. He proposes to pay soon 
the amount he owes Synod. He asks for a definite statement of the 
amount Synod demands. He says that $50 were received for missionary 
labors at Monroe. 

We recommend that such a statement as he requests, be furnished. 

Class II.— Petitions. 

No. 1 These are petitions from Cedar Grove, St. Paul, and St. Peter 
(Metzes) in S. 0., praying for the examination and ordination of J. K. 
Efird to the pastoral office. 

No. 2 These are petitions from Bethlehem, Zion, and St John, S. 
C, praying for the ordination to the pastoral office of E. L. Lybrand. 

No. 3 These are petitions from St. Peter (Piney Woods), Emmanuel 
and St. Jacob, praying for the ordination of J. A. Cromer to the pastoral 
office. 

These brethren are present and we recommend that they be examined . 

]No. 4 Is a petition from Conover for the ordination of R. A. Yoder. 
As he is absent we have no recommendation to make. 

No. 5 Is a petition from St. James, Summit, Lexington co., S. C, 
asking that the next convention of Synod be held in their church. 

No. 6 Is a petition from New Jerusalem, Davidson co., N. C, pray- 
ing for the assistance of Synod in securiug the pastoral services of some 
minister of our own Synod. 

We recommend that this matter be referred to the North Carolina 
Conference of this Synod with the earnest request that they make ar- 
rangements to supply this Church until they can obtain a regular pastor. 

L. A. FOX, 
A. DODSON. 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Moved to adjourn till 2 P. M. During recess a sermon 
was preached by Rev. A. L. Crouse. 

FOUBTH SESSION. 

Friday, 2 o'clock. 

Synod was called to order by the President. Roll was 
called and business resumed. 

The Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions was 
now considered by items. 

Class I. — Nos. 1, 2, and 3, the recommendation of the 
Committee was sustained. 

It was moved that the examination be private. The 
motion was sustained. 

On motion, Rev. L. A. Fox was added to the Commit- 
tee on Examination. 

No. 4. It was moved to appoint a Committee to examine 
and ordain Mr. R. A. Yoder. Committee, Rev. J. R. Peter- 
son and Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox. « 

In regard to No. 5, it was moved that the next meeting 
of Synod be held in St. James Church, Summit, Lexington 
Co., S. C, beginning on Thursday before the third Sunday 
of November, 1879. 

No. 6. The recommendation was sustained. 

Rev. V. Stickley, Corresponding Delegate from the 
North Carolina Synod was received. 

Mr. J. S. Koiner, a student of Theology, was made an 
advisory member. 

It was moved to recur to the 2nd item of the report of 
the Committee on the President's Report. The motion was 
rejected. 

Report of Delegate to North Carolina Synod. 

On account of the many other engagements, your Delegate to the 
Annual Convention of the Evang, Lutheran Synod of North Carolina 
could not attend that meeting, but addressed a fraternal letter to the 
Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX. 

This Report was received. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

Corresponding Delegates to Other Synods. 

To N. C. Synod, Rev. P. C. Henkei, Principal; Kev. A. 
L. Grouse, Alternate. 

To Virginia Synod, Eev. S. Henkei, D. D , Principal; 
Rev. L. A. Fox, Alternate. 

At its session in 1877, this Synod appointed Corres- 
ponding Delegates to the South Carolina and Holston Syu- 
ods. These synods have not as yet convened, and hence this 
Synod did not appoint other delegates at its session in 1878. 

On motion, Synod adjourned till Saturday morning. — 
Prayer by Kev. P. C. Henkei. Rev. J. S. Bennick preach- 
ed in the evening, at early caudle-lighting. 

FIFTH SESSI02ST. 

Saturday Morning, 8J o'clock. 

Synod met and was opened with prayer by Rev. I Cou- 
rier. Roll called. Minutes of yesterday read, received, and 
adopted. ' 

On motion, the Committee on Examination and Ordi- 
nation reported as follows: 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, a committee, appointed to examine Messrs. Eli Lot Lybrand and 
James Albert Cromer, Columbia, S. C, and Jacob Killian Efitd, Summit, 
S. C, as to their qualifications tc bear the office of the ministry, have 
performed that duty. In our opinion they sustained a very creditable ex- 
amination. We would, therefore, in virtue of petitions desiring their ser- 
vices, unanimously recommend, that Synod ordain them to the office of 
pastor, according to the custom of the Church. 

S. HENKEL, 

A. J. FOX, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 

L. A. FOX. 

The report was unanimously adopted. 

It was moved that the ordination take place on Monday 
immediately after the sermou, and that Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox 
preach the ordination sermou. 

On motion, it was made the duty of the Examining 
Committee to perform the ordination. 

Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox read the Regulations for the Gov- 
ernment of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod in 
the Work of Beneficiary Education. 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Regulations for the Government of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod in the Work of Beneficiary Education. 

Article I. — This Synod shall, from time to time, receive as many 
Beneficiaries, preparing for the Gospel Ministry, into her connection, as 
she can procure and collect funds to sustain. 

Article II.— Every applicant for beneficiary aid from this Synod 
must be subjected to a rigid examination in regard to his Christian charac- 
ter, deportment, designs, talents, and advancements in Literarj', or 
Theological attainments. No one can obtain beneficiary aid from this 
Synod, unless he is a member of some one of our congregations, in full 
communion with the same. His moral character and piety must be en- 
tirely above reproach, and his talents must, at least, reach mediocrity. 
He must unqualifiedly receive, and express a willingness to teach, all the 
doctrines of the entire collection of our Evangelical Lutheran Confessions. 
He must, at least, have attained to a sufficient amount of literary knowl- 
edge, to enable him to enter the Freshman class in regular Colleges. He 
must furnish satisfactory evidence that he has not, and cannot command, 
the necessary pecuniary means, to qualify him for the work of the Holy 
Ministry from his parents, or any other worldly source. 

Article III. — Every minister educated by this Synod shall be held, 
in honor bound, to labor within the bounds of this Synod, as Pastor, for 
a term of not less than five years — unless he is excused by a resolution of 
this Synod, which he must ask for, and obtain before he is at liberty to 
make arrangements to go elsewhere. He may be excused upon the ground 
of refunding the money he has received with interest at 6 per cent, or 
upon any other ground satisfactory to this Synod. 

Article IV — This Synod should have full control of all her Benefi- 
ciaries, in regard to their studies, during-the time they are receiving bene- 
ficiary aid from her. They must attend such schools as directed by Synod, 
only, and their studies must be approved by the Synod. They may pros- 
ecute their studies in either some college, school or Theological seminary, 
as per agreement with this Synod, and they must obtain from the Presi- 
dent of such Institution, annually, a full report in regard to their conduct, 
capacity, and advancement in their studies, and forward the same to the 
President of this Synod, who shall submit it with his report, to the Synod 
for examination. 

Article V — Every minister in connection with this Synod is 
required to take up collections for beneficiary purposes, in each of his 
congregations, as often in each year as he may deem it expedient, and in 
whatever manner he and his council may think most prudent, and report 
the result of the same to the next annual convention of this Synod. . 

Article VI. — There shall be elected annually, by this Synod, a 
receiving and disbursing Agent, who shall discharge the duties of 
Treasurer, as described in the following Articles of these regulations ; 
and hold his office until his successor shall be elected, or in case of his 
death, another shall be appointed by the President of Synod to fill the 
vacancy. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

Article VII— The President of this Synod shall recognize all the 
Beneficiaries receieved by this Synod, and shall give all orders upon the 
Treasurer in favor of Beneficiaries to whom appropriations have been 
made by the Synod. He shall keep a correct account of all orders given 
by him, and shall annually compare his account with the accounts kept 
by the Treasurer, and report the result of the same to the Synod. He 
must annually report to Synod all his other transactions including the 
number of Beneficiaries, their progress, prospects, and Christian deport- 
ment, and anything else he may deem interesting to the Synod. During 
the periods elapsiDg between the annual conventions of the Synod, all 
communications on the subject of beneficiary education, and all applica- 
tions for aid, must be addressed to the President, and must be laid by him 
before the annual convention of the Synod. 

Article VIII — The Secretary of this Synod shall record the reports 
of the President and Treasurer, and in the event of the death or removal 
of the President, the Secretary shall discharge all the duties of the Presi 
dent in regard to beneficiary operations, until the next Synod shall fill 
the vacancy- 

Article IX. — The Treasurer of the beneficiary funds shall keep a 
clear and correct account of all moneys, which shall come into his hands ; 
and shal) report the same to the annual conventions of the Synod, with 
all the disbursements he may make, during the previous Synodical year, 
accompanied with the proper vouchers for each disbursement. He must 
allow and pay all orders of the President out of the funds in his hands. 

Article X. — All moneys collected from congregations, or otherwise, 
and donations for beneficiary purposes, shall be paid over to the Treasurer ; 
for which he shall be requiied to give his official receipt, to the parties 
who may pay them over to him. 

Article XI. — From every Beneficiary who receives any funds appro- 
priated to him by this Synod, the Treasurer shall take suitable bonds, 
made payable to the Treasurer of the beneficiary funds of this Synod, 
for the full amount of all the funds he shall at any time have received, 
with inierest at 6 per cent- If he, at any time afterwards, shall, without 
the consent of the Synod, either abandon his studies, or, after completing 
them, refuse to engage in the work of preaching the Gospel of Christ in 
connection with this Synod, during the time specified in Article III, or 
shall for any cause be expelled from this Synod, in either event, the obli- 
gation he has entered into for refunding the money he may have 
received shall immediately become due, and if he should refuse to pay 
the same, he shall by such refusal, make himself liable to public exposure. 

Article XII. — This Synod may receive as many pledges for the 
subsequent payment of money, for beneficiary purposes as she can pro- 
cure, but she shall, in no case, make any further appropriations, than 
she has actual cash in the Treasury ; or can at any time make it immedi- 
ately available when such appropriations are made. 

Article XIII. — This Synod shall not at any time receive more Ben- 
eficiaries, upon her funds, than she has money to sustain for one year. 
And no Beneficiary shall receive less than a sufficient amount to enable 

r 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

him, with proper economy, to prosecute bis studies, for the current year. 
The Synod shall make an estimate of the probable expenses, necessary to 
sustain her Beneficiaries, and make her appropriations accordingly. The 
Synod shall not allow anything to her Beneficiaries, beyond the strictest, 
comfortable, living economy. 

Article XIV. — No Beneficiary of this Synod shall be allowed to 
continue less than two years in connection with any school, college, or 
Theological seminary, without the consent of the Synod. And no Bene- 
ficiary shall be sustained more than two years, at any Institution of learn- 
ing, without a special agreement between himself and the Synod. 

Article XV- — These regulations shall be subject to amendment at 
any convention of this Synod. One day's notice is required to be given, 
with a written statement of the amendment asked for, by any one who 
may at any time desire any amendment. 

Article XVI. — All rules and regulations heretofore adopted by this 
Synod, in regard to beneficiary education, are hereby rescinded from the 
adoption of these regulations. A- J, FOX, 

Chairman of Committee. 
The Report was adopted. 

Probationary Regulations. 

To meet the requirements of the Constitution of Synod, that all can- 
didates for the ministry be held in a state of probation for not less than 
one year, and to direct the studies of such students as pursue their studies 
under private instruction, the following regulations are adopted : 

I. Every such candidate shall be placed under the care of some pas- 
tor in connection with this Synod, under whose direction such student 
shall pursue his studies not less than two years. 

II. The pastor under whose care any student may be placed shall as- 
sign to such student any labor for which he may be found qualified. 

III. Synod shall prescribe the course of study to be pursued by each 
student. 

IV. The following text-books shall be used, viz. : Kurtz's Church and 
Sacred History, Horn's Introduction, Hutter's Compend, Knott's Theolo- 
gy, Book of Concord, Krauth's Conservative Reformation, Schmidt's 
Dogmatics, Mann's Schmidt's Christian Ethics, Vinet's Homiletics, Vi- 
net's Pastoral Theology. Instruction shall also be given in Liturgies, 
Catechetics, and Ecclesiastical Polity. 

V. There shall be a committee of examination, appointed at each an- 
nual meeting.of Synod, before which every student shall be required to 
appear for examination at, or shortly before each convention of Synod. 
It shall be the duty of the committee of examination to report to Synod 
the progress made in his studies by each student. 

A. J. FOX, 

J. R. PETERSON, 

S. HENKEL. 

The Report was received as amended and unanimously 
adopted. 



VJ4 MEMORY 0p , 



REV. H. GOODMAN 



Whereas, It bas pleased Almighty God, in his wise provi- 
dence, to remove Rev. Henry Goodman from his labors on 
earth to his reward in heaven, 

Resolved I. That in the death of Father Goodman, the Church 
has lost an earnest, faithful, and zealous laborer in his Master's 
vineyard ; 

Resolved 2. That we bow in humble submission to him who 
doeth all things well : 

Resolved 3. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to "Ops 
Ciiukch Paper " for publication ; 

Resolved 4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
relatives of the deceased family. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL, 

A. J. FOX, 

J. R. PETERSON. 



18 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



These resolutions were unanimously adopted by all the 
members of Synod standing in profound silence for a few 
minutes. 

It was moved to appoint a committee of two ministers 
to prepare a biographical sketch of Rev. H. Goodman, to 
occupy not more than two pages, to be appended to these 
minutes. Committee, Revs. J. R. Peterson and J.M. Smith. 

On motion, Rev. P. 0. Heukel was added. 

The Secretary now read the Treasurer's Report as fol- 
lows : 



Treasurer's Report. 



D. Efird 

In account with 

Evan. Luth. Tennessee Synod. 

1877. Dr. 

Nov. 8, To cash from Rev. J. R- Peterson's cbarge $18 20 

" " L. M. Little's " 7 00 

" " " J.M.Smith's " 6 90 

" " " Salem Church, N. C 2 00 

" Grace Church, " 2 00 

Nov. 10, " " Rev. P. C. Henkel 2 00 

" " " " J. P. Stirewalt 2 20 

" " " " D. Efird's charge 7 10 

" " " New Jerusalem Church, N. C- 120 

" Beck's Church, N. C 120 

" " Emmanuel" " 40 

" " Pilgrim " " 100 

" " " Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox 2 00 

Nov. 13, " " " J P. Stirewalt 8 05 

" " *' Former Treasurer 43 30 

" Account on Rev. Dr. S. Henkel from former Treasurer... 17 16 



$121 71 



1877. ■ Ck. 

Nov. 13, By Cash to Henkel & Co., on Acc't 

for printing Minutes of 1877 $33 05 

" By account to HeDkel & Co. , on 

Acc't for printing Minutes of 1877.... 17 16 
1878. 
Aug. 21, By Cash on hand 71 50 



Respectfully submitted, 



$121 71 

D. EFIRD, 
Treas. Evan- Luth. Tscnn- Synod* 



On motion, Synod adjourned till 2 P. M., with prayer 
by the President. 

During recess Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., preached. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

SIXTH SESSION. 

Saturday, 2 o'clock. 
Syuod was called to order by the President. Koll was 
called and business resumed. 

Report on Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary Association. 

We, your Committee, appointed to examine the Treasurer's Report, 
beg leave to say, that from the data furnished us we find it correct. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. S. BENNICK, 
D. S. HENKEL, 
M. FILTZMOYER. 

We, your Committee, appointed to examine the Report of the 
Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund, find neither receipts nor disbursements 
and hence have no report to make. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. 8. BENNICK, 
D. S. HENKEL, 
M. FILTZMOYER. 

Rev. T. Miller's Request for Dismission. 

Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Tennessee, I ask for a certificate of 
dismission from this body to the Evan- Luth. Synod of Virginia. 
Respectfully submitted, 

THOMAS MILLER. 

Rev. T. Miller's request for honorable dismission from this 
body to unite with the Va. Synod was granted. 

Rev. V. Stickly conveyed to this Syuod the fraternal 
greetings of the N. G. Synod, and was replied to in a few 
pertinent remarks by Rev. P. 0. Heukel. 

Rev. S. Heukel, D. D., offered the following resolution: 

Whereas, The publication of a new edition of our old church Hymn 
Book, in a revised form, has been brought before Synod on different occa- 
sions, and to place the Synod properly before the public, and as many of 
the congregaiions still use the old book ; be it, 

Resolved, That Synod has no objection to the publication of such 
book, as an individual enterprise, and that such congregations as desire it. 
have a right, according to the Augsburg Confession, to use it. 

The resolution was adopted. 

On motion, it was made the duty of the President, 
verbally, to return, to-morrow after divine worship, the most 
sincere thanks of the members of this Synod to the members 
of this congregation, and other citizens of this community 



20 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

for the many acts of kindness they have so generally extend- 
ed to ns, during our sojourn in their midst. 

On motion, Synod adjourned till Monday morning, 
with prayer by Hev. J. JS. Stirewalt. 

Religious Services on Saturday Evening and Sunday. 

On Saturday evening, at early candlelighting, Rev. J. K. 
Efird preached. 

At the same time Rev. I. Conder preached in St. John's 
(Reformed) Chapel. 

A large congregation assembled on Sunday morning 
and listeued to a sermon delivered by Rev. P. 0. Henkel. 

A recess was given, after which the congregation as- 
sembled and heard a sermon delivered by Rev. J. R. 
Peterson. 

Confession and absolution were then attended to, by the 
Pastor, and the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was admin- 
istered to a large number of communicants. 

On Sunday evening, at early candlelighting, Rev. V. 
Stickly preached. At the same time Rev. A. L. Crouse 
preached in St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran church, at 
Tom's Brook Station. 

During these lengthy exercises the large assembly was 
characterized by good order and marked attention. 

SE"VE3STTI3: SESSION. 

Monday morning, 8J o'clock. 
Synod met and was opened in the usual way, by Rev. J. 
W. Hauseufluck. House called to order by the President. 
Minutes of Saturday read, received and adopted- 
Report of Corresponding Delegate to the E. L. Virginia Synod. 

As your delegate to the E. L. Virginia Synod, I have only to say y 
that on account of unavoidable circumstances, I did riot attend the last 
convention of that Synod. I am therefore, without any knowledge of 
their condition or their progress in the great work of the salvation of 
souls. Very respectfully, 

J. N. STIREWALT 

It was moved to reconsider No. G of Report of the Com- 
mittee on Letters and Petitions The motion was lost. 

On motion, the resolution previously adopted was re- 
considered, and resulted in the adoption of the following 
substitute : 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

Whereas, The publication of our old Hymn Book, the church Hymn 
Book, in a revised form, has been brought before Synod, at different 
times, and as the book is still extensively used in our Synod, and there is 
a desire to continue its use in some of our congregations, and as Synod 
has no funds, at. this time, to invest in the publication of that work ; be it, 
Resolved, Therefore, that such publication, under the circumstances, 
is a matter for consideration on the part of the proprietors only of the 
work in making arrangements for its revision and publication, if deemed 
desirable and expedient, under such regulations as may be thought most 
judicious. 

On motion a Committee, consisting of six ministers, 
two from Virginia, two from North Carolina, and two from 
South Carolina, on examination was appointed as follows: 

Revs. S. Henkel, L. A. Fox, J. M. Smith, M. L. Little, 
D. Efird and A L. Grouse. 

It was moved that the Treasurer have a sufficient num- 
ber of copies of the minutes of this convention of Synod 
printed to supply the calls for them, and to furuish each 
minister of this Synod with three copies, each General 
Body of Lutherans in this country, the Synods in corres- 
pondence with this body, our Institutions of learning, and 
our Lutheran publications two copies each. 

On motion, an executive committee on Missions, con- 
sisting of three ministers, was appointed as follows: 
Revs. L. A. Fox, P. C. Henkel and J. R. Peterson. 
It was moved to elect a Treasurer for the Beneficiary 
Association. 

Rev. T. Moser was unanimously re-elected Treasurer of 
the Beneficiary Association 

It was moved to dispense with the reading of the Paro- 
chial Report in Synod. 

On motion, the theses on the Rise and Fall of man will 
be discussed at the next convention of the Synod. 

The President called for the report of the ministers in 

regard to the standing resolutions on last page of minutes. 

The ministers reported variously as to their operations 

and results, but there were sufficient to give evideuce that 

the requirement of the resolutions are being observed. 

It was made the duty of Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., to 
confer with Mr. J. W. Norman, our former Beneficiary, as 
to whether he will prosecute his studies with a view of en- 
tering the ministry in connection with this Synod. 



22 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the body be expressed to the B. & O., 
W. C. V. M. & G. S., C. & O., C. C. & A. R. R., for favors done us in 
coming and returning to this convention. 

On motion, Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox was made Chairman of 
the executive committee on Missions. 

On motion, Synod adjourned till after divine service with 
prayer by the President. 

EIGHTH SESSION. 

Monday Afternoon, 2 o'clock. 
Synod assembled and resumed business. The minutes 
of this convention were of Synod finally approved. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet at the time and 
place above mentioned. Closed by Rev. T. Miller. 

L. A. FOX, 
Secretary. 



•ORDINATION SERVICES. 



According to previous arrangement the ordination of 
Messrs. Eli Lot Ly brand and James Albert Cromer, Colum- 
bia, S. O, and Jacob Killian Efird, Summit, S. C, took 
place. Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox preached the ordinatiou sermon 
to a large and attentive congregation. After which, these 
three young men were solemnly ordained to the office of 
Pastor by the imposition of hands and prayer, by the exam- 
ining committee. 

Thus ended thepleasaut, and we confidently hope profit- 
able transaction and exercises of the Fifty eight annual 
convention of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

L. A. FOX, 
Secretary. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



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IN MEMORIAM: 



Rev. HENRY GOODMAN. 



The subject of this notice was the sou of Michael and 
Elizabeth Goodman (Gutbmann) born April 9th, 1798, was 
baptized in infancy, and in the year 1819, entered into full 
communion with the Ev. Luth. Church, by the imposition of 
hands and prayer, by Rev. Daniel Scherer, at St. Johu's 
church, Cabarras county, N. 0. 

He was intermarried with Esther Faggart, daughter of 
Jacob and Margaret Faggart, July 20th, 1819, by whom he 
had 14 children, 7 sous and 7 daughters; 2 sons and 3 daugh- 
ters are still living. He had 57 grand children, of whom 50 
are living, and 9 great grand children, of whom 8 are living. 

He was licensed to preach by Revs. Daniel Moser and 
David Henkel, on the 29th of Nov., 1830, and preached his 
first sermon on the 19th of Dec, following, at his uncle, 
George Goodman's in Cabarras County, N. C. 

He was ordained Deacon, by Revs. Philip Henkel, 
Adam Miller, and Daniel Moser, in Buhler's Church, Suli- 
van Co., Tenn., Sept. 13th, 1832. 

During the whole of his ministry, as also before enter- 
ing the ministry, he labored faithfully in defence of the 
pure Confessions of the Ev. Lutherau Church; often, espe- 
cially in the early struggles of the Ev. Lutheran Teuu. 
Synod for the pure faith of the church of the Reformation, 
sacrificing much time as well as other means, to forward 
the work in this great crisis. 

And even after the decision was made by his physician, 
that it was unsafe for him to venture from home, he travel- 
ed with the writer of this notice to a uumber of places, as 

* After waiting a reasonable length, of time, we wrote to the Chair- 
man of the Committee appointed to prepare a biographical notice of Rev. 
H. Goodman, and he replied that the Committee had not met, and hence, 
we should insert the article which appeared in Our Church Paper, in re- 
gard to his death, as it here appears. 

Secretary. 



IN MEMORIAM — REV. HENRY GOODMAN. 25 

he said, "to bear preaching, aud to test the fact as to 
whether he might venture out by himself." So anxious was 
he, to be ibuud at his post, that only seveu days before his 
death, in an interview with the writer of this, he said, "I 
have been blessed with a good constitution, and if I should 
recover, so as to be able to labor any, I will cheerfully do 
what I can,"' but then adding, fc 'my race is about run, aud I 
would be glad to soon depart." He then said, '■! am glad 
you come to see me, for after you leave me this time, you 
will not see me alive in this world any more, for I am assur- 
ed my days ou earth are about at au end, and I may go at 
any minute, but this gives me no trouble at all." He was 
too feeble to talk much at a time, but was greatly blessed 
iu having his proper mind aud memory to the last, and 
resting securely upon the gracious promises contained iu 
God's Word. 

In the above interview, the writer of this quoted many 
passages of Scripture, and briefly commented on the same, 
to which he attentively listened, and would frequently say, 
•'that is another meal lor the soul; the soul needs food as 
well as the body, aud though it be repeated ever so often, it 
still remains the same substantial food." 

Thus another faithful, aud aged minister of Christ, 
came to his last retreat, full of piety, aud full of days : "as a 
shock of corn, ripe with age, and ladeu with plenty, cometh 
in, iu his season." Job 5: 29. 

How calm was the evening of his life ! When his flesh 
and his heart failed, how reviving was the remembrance of 
an all sufficient Redeemer; once dying for our sins, now 
risen again for our justification: How cheering the well 
grouuded hope of pardon for our transgressions, and peace 
with God through Jesus Christ our Lord. This assuages 
the agonies, and sweetens the bitterness of death. 

When death comes what can all the golden mountains 
of wealth bestow ! A well grounded hope iu Christ sur- 
mounts everything else ; but, alas! how few make this the 
all important consideration. 

He preached his last sermon, on the 4th Sunday of Nov., 

1877, in Sharon Church, Iredell Co., IS. C, from 1 John 5 : 7, 8. 

The subject of the above notice died at his late residence 

in Iredell county, K C, on the morning of the 26th of Jan- 



20 IN MEMOEIAM — REV. HENRY GOODMAN. 

uary, 1878 ; aged 79 years, 9 months, aud 17 days ; his eon- 
sort having been called to her reward Oct. 17th, 1876; aged 
74 years, 8 months, and 22 days. 

His perishable remains were deposited in the Cemetery 
at St. Martin's Church, Iredell County, N. C, on the next 
day after his departure from this life; and notwithstanding 
the day was very rainy, a large concourse of people assem- 
bled to take a last view, and to sympathize with the many 
relatives, whose faces were bathed in tears, but in hopeful 
resignation to the will of Him who had taken His faithful 
servant home. 

After the burial service ended, the many relatives and 
friends of the deceased repaired to the Church, to hear the 
funeral sermon which was based on 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8, and de- 
livered by the Pastor of the congregation. 

P. C. Henkel. 



Standing Resolutions. 



Resolved, That each of oar Pastors be earnestly requested, 
to preach at least one Sermon in each of his congrega- 
tions, annually, upon the subject of Beneficiary Educa- 
tion, and other benevolent enterprises, and report to the 
next succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be request- 
ed to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a writ- 
ten Report of the condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly cate- 
chising those who propose to become members of our 
communion, previous to their Confirmation, is, in some 
places, falling into disuse, and rather a loose custom of re- 
ceiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without the 
slightest examination of tbem in regard to their religious 
knowledge and other qualifications for Church member- 
ship, has been practiced by some; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers 
and congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can 
possibly be done, all who make application for Church 
membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechisation, 
in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to 
their Confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or 
such young persons as have been so favorably situated as 
to have had opportunities to become acquainted with and 
to have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, 
seek Church privileges, we recommend that their request 
be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been 
examined by the Pastor, before the Council, aud have 
been approved by them. 



INDEX 



Page. 

Calendar... 2 

Corresponding Delegates to other Synods ... 13 

Delegates from North Carolina Synod ...... 19 

Election of Officers 6 

In Memory of Rev. H. Goodman 17 

In Memoriam 24-26 

Lay-Delegates 4 

Ministers 3 

Next Meeting of Synod 12 

Ordination Services 22 

President's Report 4-6 

Probationary Regulations 16 

Parochial Reports 23 

Regular Committees ... 7 

Report of Executive Committee on Missions 7 

Report of Delegate to Pennsylvania Synod 8 

Report of Committee on President's Report 8 

Report on Unfinished Business 9 

Report of Committee to collect Matter for the History of this Synod .10 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 10 

Report of Delegate to North Carolina Synod 12 

Report of Committee on Examination ... 13 

Regulations for the Government of the Evan. Lutheran Tenn. 

Synod in the Work of Beneficiary Education 14 

Report on Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary Association 19 

Rev. T. Miller's Request for Dismission 19 

Religious Services on Saturday Evening and Sunday , 20 

Report of Corresponding Delegate to the Evan. Luth. Va. Synod 20 

Resolutions Relative to Hymn Book 19,21 

Resolution of Thanks to Railroads 22 

Standing Resolutions 27 

Treasurer's Report 18 

Vote of Thanks 19 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



Fifty-ninth Annual Meeting 



of THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



Tennessee Synod, 



HELD IN 



ST. JAMES CHURCH, LEXINGTON CO., S. C, 



November 13-15. 1879. 



NEW MARKET, VA. : 
Henkei. & Co., Printers and Publishers. 



PROCEEDINGS 



Fifty-ninth Annual Meeting 

OF THE 

Ivam® Lmflu Tenessee SyboiL 



The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod con- 
vened in its Fifty-ninth Annual meeting in St. James 
Church, Lexington Couuty, S. 0., on Thursday, the 13th day 
of November, A. D.,1879. 

The meeting was opened by the President, Rev. P. 0. 
Henkei, with appropriate religious exercises. In the ab- 
sence of the Secretary, Rev. M. L. Little was appointed Sec- 
retary, pro tern. The roll of Ministers was called and absen- 
tees noted. 

Ministers. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Key. A. J. Fox* Lincolnton, N. C. 

2 " J. R. Peterson Dallas, 

3 " T. Mosee* Mt. Pleasant, " 

4 " P. C. Henkel, Conover, " 

5 " S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

6 " D. Efird.... Pine Ridge, S. C. 

7 " J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

8 " I. Conder+ McGaheysville, Va. 

9 " J.N. STiRKWALTt Stony Man, Va. 

10 " J. S. BENNiCKt Forestville, " 

11 " M. L. Fox Sandy Creek, N. C. 

12 " J. C. Moser China Grove, " 

13 " M. L. Little Lincolnton, " 

14 " L. A. Fox+ Waynesboro, Va, 

15 " A. L. Croi t se Summit, S. C. 

16 '• J. P. Stirewalt* : New Market, Va. 

17 " J. W. Hausenfluck+ Grove Hill, 

18 " E. L. Lybrand. Columbia, S. C. 

19 " J. K. Efird Summit, " 

20 " J. A. Cromek Columbia, 

21 " R. A. Yodkr Conover, N. C. 

♦Excused. +Not excused. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Lay-Delegates. 

Names- Churches Represented. 

Louis Shealy St. James, South Carolina. 

Geo. H. Chatman St. Thomas, " 

E. S. Seiss St. Paul, " 

W. W. Lorick Bethlehem, " 

D. A. Sox Emmanuel, " 

D. H. Wheeler St. Peter, 

J. W. Summer St. John, " 

L. F. Seay St. Andrew, 

Jacob Wingard Zion, " 

D. I. Drafts Cedar Grove, " 

G. A. Kaminer St. Peter or Metzes, S. C. 

A. Costnek Rev. A. J. Fox's charge, N. C. 

M. j! De^zJ • Rev. P. C.Henkel's charge, KC. 

R. A. Yoder St James and Concordia, N. C. 

W. W. Stroup Christ, Sharon, Luth. Chap. " 

L. H. Quiokle Daniel, N. C. 

W. A. Mauney St. Matthews, N. C. 

D. M. Wyont Trinity, 

Jno. M. Rhodes Philadelphia, " 

M. E. Rudisill St. Mark, Sardis&Bethage, N. C. 

P. C. Shinson Morning Star, N. C. 

P. Killian Rev. L. A. Fox's charge, Va. 

The President read his annual Report. 
President's Report. 

Dear Brethren: — By the kind providence of our Heavenly Father, 
we have passed through the labors, dangers and trials of another year, and 
are once more assembled in Synod, and in our deliberations, it is greatly de- 
sired that we may see eye to eye, and in the unity of the faith speak the 
same thing, and that there be no divisions among us, but that we be per. 
fectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 

Official Acts. — During the year now end'ng, I have not been called to 
perform any official acts, which might concern our Synod directly. 

Missionary Work. — "The field is white unto the harvest." If Synod can 
devise any means in this direction, to do more than is being done by pas- 
tors in charge of congregations, we heartily recommend it. 

Education. — To meet the demand for ministers to cultivate the fields al- 
ready opened, as well as to do missionary work, a school has been opened 
in the village of Conover, Catawba county, N. C, and as allusions have 
been made to this school in different reports to Synod, in the past, and a 
committee having been appointed at the last sitting of Synod, to look after 
the terms upon which Synod could take and control said school ; I recom- 



EVANGELICAL, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

mend that the Synod call for the report of that committee, and that this 
matter be prayerfully considered. 

Recommendations. — 1. I gave notice through Our Church Paper that I 
intended to recommend to Synod the prayerful consideration and investi- 
gation of the doctrine and worship of secret societies, as well as the subject 
of altar and pulpit fellowship and Chiliastic views. 

As it is one of the duties of Synod ' ' to detect and expose erroneous 
doctrines ; and as I am grieved in conscience at the thought of being par- 
taker in any way with those who knowingly hold a doctrine at variance with 
our confessions of faith, and worship God otherwise than Trinity in Unity 
and Unity in Trinity, as our noble Athanasian Creed demands ; I beg Syn- 
od not to cause distress of conscience by delaying an investigation of the 
false worship and doctrine practiced and held by secret societists, and with 
which some of our ministers are probably affiliating and we with them. If 
my troubles are unfounded, I ask Synod to remove them, by clearly show- 
ing that secret society worship and doctrine are in keeping with our con- 
fessions and the Holy Scriptures or otherwise remove the grounds by which 
such evils may be imputed unto us. 

Constitution of Synod.— Permit me to offer a few recommendations on 
the constitution of our Synod. 

Rec. 2. In Art. Ill, S. 1 ; The Synod should rather be said to be com- 
posed of congregations represented by their pastoi's and lay-delegates. The 
language as it now reads may imply that the ministry is a distinct and 
separate class in the church, whereas it is only an office in the church, and 
the pastor a servant of the congregation. [1 Cor. 3 ; 5. Col. 2 ; 24, 25.] 

In Art. IV, S. 1. This Art. establishes as a part of the business of 
Synod, "To * * * depose from the holy office of the ministry such as 
refuse, after due admonition, to repent of their wrongs." This is a power 
which cannot be vested in Synod, as the office of the ministry can only be 
taken away through the same power by which it was conferred. The office, 
however, is conferred through the congregation, [Matt. 18 ; 15, 20. I Peter 
2 ; 5, 10] therefore also the congregation alone can depose from the ministry. 
Synod can expel from its connection, and recommend the congregations con- 
cerned to depose. 

Also in Sec. 3. This section should rather read, " upon application to 
examine candidates regularly called to the ministerial office, etc., as ordina- 
tion without such a call would imply that the office is conferred in ordination, 
whereas it is conferred in the call, and ordination is only an apostolic 
churchly practice, and not of divine institution. 

Sec. 4. Should be entirely stricken out, as it would be very wrong to 
permit men to officiate at all, of whom there is not sufficient evidence that 
the} r are duly qualified for such office. 

By-Laws. — I have a few words to say in regard to the by-laws : But 
permit me to remark that I do not very highly favor a Standing Presidency, 
nor Visitatorship and would prefer the position, [in regard to this] of the 
Tenn. Synod in her first formation. I know that Dr. Martin Luther favored 



G EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

the office of Visitator . and I admit that good may be accomplished by it, if 
we could be certain that properly disposed men could always be had in this 
office, but of this we have no assurance ; and a shrewd, proud, aspiring 
man in this office could so intimidate pastors and their congregations, (with 
probably a very few exceptions) as to bring them under his supreme control ■ 
for when a head or single rulership is once set up it naturally grows greater 
and greater in the estimation of the subjects governed, and can easily be- 
come a terror Such are my fears, and I cannot be satisfied to conceal 
them. But time will show. If, however, the present arrangement will be 
preferred, I would recommend that in the By-Laws, Art. IV, Sec. 2, after 
admonition by the church council has proven fruitless, the case should be 
referred to the whole congregation before going to Synod. The language 
of this section implies that the church council is the highest judicatory in 
the congregation, whereas the last appeal, according to Matt. 18 ; 15, 18, is 
the congregation. " To whose decision he must yield " might be entirely 
omitted, because the decisions of Synod are not, per se, binding. God's 
word alone binds. I Cor. 7 ; 29. 

In Sec. 3, Whenever such accusation of error in doctrine or life are 
made against a minister and the congregation report the same to the Presi- 
dent of Synod it might be very dangerous to defer the investigation three 
months. In all such cases, after the congregation has made all efforts to 
put it to rights, and fail, let report be made to the President immediately, 
and his aid, or that of a committee of investigation, be called for. If, after 
such investigation, the charge be well grounded (I Tim. 5 ; 19) and, if here 
he still remain impenitent, let him be expelled from Synod, and his congre- 
gations advised to depose him. 

I desire also to call the attention of Synod to the subject of the revision 
and reprinting of our Church Hymn Book, as there are many desiring to 
see the Synodhave her owm hymn book. 

That our deliberations and transactions may redound to the glory and 
honor of God. and the promotion of the Redeemer's kingdom is my sincere 
and humble prayer. P. C. HENKEL. 

The report was received and referred to the proper com- 
mittee. 

An election for Officers now ensued, which resulted as 
follows : 

Rev. J. R. Peterson, - - President. 

" M. L. Little, ----- Bee. Secretary. 

" J. M. Smith, ----- Cor. Secretary. 

" S. Heneel, D. D., - - - Treasurer. 

" T. Moser, - - - - - - Treas. of Ben. Fund. 

Synod now adjourned for a recess of one hour. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



SECOND SESSION. 

Thursday, Nov. 13th, 2 P. M. 
The roll was called. The President announced the fol- 
lowing 

Regular Committees. 

1. On President's Report.— Revs. S. Henkel,D. D., J. M. 
Smith, and A. Costner, Esq. 

2. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. R. A. Yoder, E. L. 
Ly brand, and Lewis Shealy. 

3. On Examination. — Revs. P. C. Henkel, M. L. Fox, 
and J. 0. Moser. 

4. On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. J. K. Etird, J. 0. 
Moser, and Capt. D. M. Wyont. 

5. On State of the Church. — Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. C. 
Moser, and J. A. Cromer. 

6. On Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary Treasurer's 
Report. — Revs. M. L. Fox, R. A. Yoder, and J. M. Rhodes, Esq. 

The President called lor papers, letters, and petitions 
pertaining to Synod. These were classed and placed into 
the hands of the proper committees. 

The Treasurer of Synod read his report which was re- 
ferred to the committee. Parochial reports were also read 
and handed to the Secretary. 

The President read the u Standing Resolutions" and 
inquired after the practice of the Ministers in regard to 
these Resolutions. Nearly all the Ministers reported that 
they had complied with the requirement of Syuod. Synod 
now resolved to consider 

Petitions of Congregations for Admission into Synod. 

1. A Petition from St. Michael's, Cleburne Co., Alabama, 
was read. 

On motion, this Congregation was received. 

2. A Petition from St. Andrew's, Richland Co., S. C, 
was read. 

On motion, this congregation was received. 
Adjourned Friday morning, 9 A. M. Prayer by the 
President. 



8 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

THIRD SESSION. 

Friday, Nov. Uth, 9 A. M. 

The devotional service was conducted by the President. 

The roll was called and the minutes read and approved. 

On motion Rev. J. Hawkins was received as correspond 
ing delegate from the P. 0. Synod, and invited to a seat 
within the bar of Synod. On motion Rev. E. Kaufman, of 
the same synod, was received as an advisory member. 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

We your Committee on Letters and Petitions submit the following Re- 
port : 

No. 1 is a petition from St. Michael's, Cleburne Co., Ala., in which the 
petitioners pray for the service of a pastor. 

We recommend that this congregation be supplied, as frequently as 
possible, by the ministers of South Carolina. 

No. 2 is a petition from St. Paul's Church, Lexington Co., S. C , 

reading as follows : 

Lexington Co-, S. C, ) 
October 27th, 1879. j" 

Whereas there are some existing difficulties at St. Paul's Church, Lex- 
ington Co., S. C, and whereas such difficulties are exerting a damaging 
influence upon the congregation, and if permitted to continue, will eventually 
destroy it ; we the members of said Church petition your honorable body 
to appoint a committee to investigate the troubles, adjust the matter, and if 
possible unite the congregation. 

C. S. Keisler, E. M. Keisler, P. C, Keisler, Jacob Keisler, D. F. 
Keisler, A. P. Keisler, E. S. Sease, J. L. Sease, A. A. B. Keisler, Hiram 
Keisler, S. R. Keisler, W. M. Rauch, M. J. Hook, O. J. Hook, G. J. 
Hook, D. M. Hook, Joel Keisler, Sr., A. Anderson, E- B. Keisler, R H. 
Leaphart, A. Griffith, P. H. Craps, J. E. Price. 

We recommend that a committee of two of our ministers be appointed 
to inquire into the difficulties, and endeavor to adjust them if possible. 

No. 3 is a petition from Concordia Congregation, Conover, N. C, 
praying for the examination of Mr. R. A. Yoder, as to his theological at- 
tainments, and if found qualified to ordain him at the next meeting of the 
N. C. Conference of our Synod. They also ask his services. 

No. 4 is a petition from St. James Church, Catawba Co., N. C, also 
asking for the examination and ordination of Mr. R. A. Y'oder. They also 
desire his services. 

We recommend that Synod grant these petitions. 
No. 5 is a petition from Concordia Congregation, Conover, N. C, praying 
for the next session of this body. 

Nos. 6 and 7 are letters from sister Synods. 

We recommend that they be read. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

No. 8 is a letter from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt asking to be excused from 
attendance on this session of Synod. 

We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 10 is a letter from Rev. A. J. Fox asking to be excused from 
attendance on this meeting. 

We recommend that the Synod excuse him. ' 

No 11 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser asking to be excused from attend- 
ing this meeting of Synod. 

We recommend that he be excused . 

He also states that he received of A. L. Yount a draft on tbe bank of 
Nokomis, 111., for three hundred and twenty-five ($325) dollars in payment 
of his account with the Tennessee Synod, as beneficiary. Brother Yount 
desires to be relieved of the interest. 

We recommend that the interest be required. 

Rev. T. Moser also asks what he shall do with tb.° draft received from 
Rev. A. L. Yount. 

We recommend that it be cashed. 

No. 12 is a letter from Rev. C. H. Bernheim, of the N. C. Synod, in 
which he makes a report of the congregations which he serves in connection 
with the Tennessee Synod, in Davidson Co., N. C. 

Your committee deplore the anomalous condition of those congrega- 
tions. 

We recommend that Rev. Bernheim be advised to find a remedy for 
this state of affairs, if possible. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. K. EFIRD, 
J. C. MOSER, 
D. M. WYANT. 

This Report was received to be acted ou item by item* 
Petitions. 

Item 1. Adopted. 

Item 2. Amended. (1) That the congregation make an 
earnest and prayerful effort to remove the troubles, and in 
case of failure to adjust the difficulties, that the committee 
be called to act, the congregation bearing the expenses of 
said committee. (2) That, that committee consist of one 
minister and one layman. Adopted as amended. Commit- 
tee: — Rev. M. L. Little, and A Costner, Esq. 

Ou motion, Rev. A. D. L. Moser, was invited to a seat 
within the bar of Synod. 

Items 3 and 4. Adopted. Committee: — Ministers of 
the N. C. Conference. 

Item 5. Recommendation of committee not sustained. 



10 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

St. Peter's Church, Catawba Co., N. C, was chosen as the 
place for the next meeting of Synod. 
Adjourned for recess. 

FOURTH SESSION. 

Friday, Nov. Uth, 2 P. M. 

During recess a sermon was delivered by Rev. Dr. M. 
L. Fox. Text, I Cor. 13 : 13. Roll called. Synod resumed 
business. 

The President announced the following 

Corresponding Delegates : 

Rev. L. A. Fox, - - Virginia Synod. 

" J. C. Moser, - North Carolina Synod. 

" J. K. Efird, - South Carolina Synod. 

Committee's Report on Letters and Petitions continued. 

Letters. 

Items 6 and 7. Recommendations not sustained. 

Item 8. Adopted 

Item 9. Adopted. 

Item 10. (1) T. Moser excused. (2) Amended— interest 
charged from September, 1878 to the time the check was re- 
ceived by the Treasurer Adopted as amended. (3) Adopted. 

Item 11. Amended.— That those congregations be ad- 
vised to find a remedy for this state of a flairs, by procuring 
a minister in connection with our Synod. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

The committee made the following report : 

We, your committee on unfinished business, beg leave to report that : 

1. On page 9 we find that two committees were appointed, one in North 
Carolina, Revs J. R. Peterson and M. L. Little, and one in Virginia, Revs. 
S. Henkel, D. D., and J. S. Bennick, to look after church property; are 
they ready to report ? 

2. On page 9 we find that Revs. Dr. M. L. Fox, Paul Stirewalt, J. S. 
Bennick and A. L. Crouse, were appointed a committee to make some 
inquiries concerning Concordia High School, upon what terms it could be 
made the property of Synod, etc.; is that committee ready to report ? 

3. On page 12, we find that a committee was appointed to examine and 
ordain R. A. Yoder: we ask what has been done in this matter. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

4- On page 10. we find the continuation of a committee to collect all min- 
utes and phainphlets, etc-: is that committee ready to report ? 

•5. On page 12. we find that it was made the business of the X. C. Confer- 
ence of this Synod to assist Xew Jerusalem Congregation in securing pastoral 
services of one of our ministers ; what was done ? 

6. On page 13, we find that Rev. P. C /Henkel was appointed delegate to 
the X. C. Synod : did he attend their meeting ? 

7. On page 13. we find that Rev. S. Henkel was appointed delegate to the 
Virginia Synod : did he attend ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER. 
E. L. LYBRAXD. 
LEWIS SHEALY. 

Ou motion, this report was received tor action item by 
item. 

Item 1. Committee continued. 

Item 2. Committee not ready to report. 

Item 3. ^o request for ordination. 

Item 4. Committee continued. 

Item 5. Xothing done. 

Items 6 and 7. Delegates did not comply. 

On motion, a committee was appointed to report some 
plan by which the Synod's Mission "Work may be transferred 
to the Conferences. Committee: — Revs. J. C. Moser, E. L. 
Lybrand, and P. Killiau, Esq. 

On motion, the President was added to this committee. 

Adjourned till 7 P. M., with benediction. 

fifth: session. 

Feiday, Sor. l±th, 7 P. M. 
The roll was called and Synod resumed business. 
The President appointed the following 

Committee on Examination : 

Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., and L. A. Fox, Virginia. 
" J. M. Smith and M. L. Little. Xorth Carolina. 
" D. Efied aud A. L. Ceotjse, South Carolina. 

Report of the Committee on the Transfer of the Missionary Work 
to the Conferences. 

The committee made the following report : 

The co mm ittee on the transfer of the mission work of Synod to the 
Conferences present the following resolutions : 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved: — 1st. That the mission work of this Synod be transferred to 
the several Conferences. 

2nd. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly and actively 
in this work under such regulations as may to them seem best. 

3d. That it be the duty of the Conference to make a report of the work 
done, to the annual sessions of Synod. 

J. C. MOSER, 
E. L LYBRAND, 
P. KILLIAN, 
J. R PETERSON. 
This report was adopted. 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary 
Treasurer's Report. 

We your committee appointed to examine the Treasurer's report and 
the report of the Treasurer of beneficiary fund, have examined them and we 
find them to be correct. 

M. L. FOX, 
R. A. YODER. 
J. M. RHODES. 

This report was received and adopted. 

On motion, 
Thursday before the Second Sunday in November, 
188.0, was fixed as the time for the next meeting of Synod. 

The resolution io regard to the publication of Miuutes 
adopted at the last meetiug of Synod was amended by 
adding— u and a copy to each of our beneficiaries." As 
amended, this resolution was adopted: 

It was moved that the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of 
the minutes of this convention of Synod printed to supply the calls for them, 
and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies, each General 
Body of Lutherans in this country, the Synods in correspondence with this 
body, our Institutions of learning, and our Lutheran Publications two 
copies each, and our beneficiaries one copy each. 

Appropriation for Beneficiary Education. 

1. On motion, Mr. Thomas C. Armentrout, McGaheysville, 
Va., was received as a Beneficiary student, and an appro- 
priation of seventy dollars was made for his use. He was 
directed to continue his studies in the Polytechnic Institute, 
New Market, Va. 

2. On motion, Mr. Willie A. Smith, Conover, Catawba 
Co., N. C, was received as a beneficiary student, and an ap- 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

propriation of fifty dollars was made to him. He was 
directed to continue bis studies at Concordia High School, 
Conover, if. C* 

3. On motion, Mr. D. A. Sox, feeder's Store, Lexington 
Co., S. C, was received as a beneficiary student, and an ap- 
propriation of fifty dollars was made to him. He was 
directed to pursue his studies at Concordia High School. 

Rev. M. L. Little gave notice that he would offer an 
amendment ou to-morrow to the second article of "The 
Regulations for the government of the Synod's Beneficiary 
Work," which amendment was read before Synod. 

Adjourned, to meet at 9 o'clock to-morrow, with bene- 
diction. 

SIXTH SESSION. 

Saturday, Nov. loth, 9 A. M. 
The devotional service was conducted by Rev. J. C. 
Moser. The roll was called and the minutes of yesterday 
were read aud approved. 

The following resolutions of thanks were passed: 
Besotted : That the thanks of this body are expressed to the C. C. & A. 
E. E., the Chester & Lenoir Narrow Gauge E. E., and C. C. E. E., for 
favors done us in coming to and returning from Synod. 

Resolved : That it be made the duty of the President to return, verbally, 
on to-morrow morning after divine service, the most sincere thanks of this 
body to the members of this congregation for the many acts of kindness 
they have so generally extended to us, and the good music they have furnished 
us during our sojourn in their midst. 

Ou motion, the excuses of absent members were consid- 
ered and acted upon. 

Rev. I. Conder, not excused. 
" J. jS". Stirewalt, not excused. 
" J. S. Reuuick, not excused. 
" J. W. Hansen fluck, not excused. 

Amendment to Article V\ of Regulations for the Government of 
Synod's Beneficiary Work. 

Resolved, That every application for Beneficiary aid be made to the 
President of the Synod who, upon such application, shall appoint a com- 

*[We learn, that after mature consideration, Mr. Wm. A. Smith has 
concluded, that it is better for him not to accept the amount appropriated 
for his beuetit. at this time — Pubs.] 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

mittee to examine the applicant or applicants according to the requirements 
contained in the Synod's Regulations for Beneficiary Work, and it shall be 
the duty of this committee to examine and report the result of the 
examination to the President of the Synod, who shall, if * approved by 
the committee, recommend such applicant or applicants to the favorable 
attention of Synod. 

Ordination Certificates. 

Whereas, This Synodical body has no neatly printed ordination 
certificates for her ministers as they are ordained, 

Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed to get up a new form 
to be submitted to next meeting of Synod. 

Committee, Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., and L. A. Fox. 

Report of the Executive Committee of Missions. 

The Committee made the following report : 

The committee of missions have had no meeting during the year, and, 
but' little work has been done in this field. 

Soon after the rising of last Synod, Rev. A. L. Crouse was authorized 
to attend to the spiritual wants' of Lutheran families who are without regu- 
lar Lutheran pastoral care. 

During the year just passed Rev. A. L. Crouse organized two congrega- 
tions, one in Cleburne Co. , Ala. , with 47 members, and another in Richland 
county, S. C, with about 20 members. As no application for pecuniary 
aid was asked from Synod, the missionary has been laboring at his own ex- 
pense ; while thus laboring he contracted a debt of twenty dollars, besides 
his loss of two weeks time. 

Your committee recommend that Synod make an appropriation suffi- 
cient to relieve Rev. Crouse of his indebtedness, and compensate him for his 
loss of time. Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL 
J. R. PETERSON. 

The report was received and adopted. The Missionary 
was allowed Fifteen Dollars for bis services. The money — 
the debt of Twenty Dollars and the Fifteen Dollars for ser- 
vices — was ordered to be paid by the several Conferences, 
each Conference bearing one-third of the expense. 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your Committee on Examination report that we have examined 
Mr. R. A. Yoder as to his qualifications to bear the office of the Holy Min- 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

istry, and finding him well qualified, we recommend that he be ordained by 

the Committee already appointed for that purpose. 
Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL, 
M. L. FOX, 
J. C. MOSER. 

This report was received and approved. 
A vote of thanks was tendered to Rev. A. L. Crouse for 
printing the daily proceedings of Synod. 

Report of the Committee on President's Report. 

We, the committee appointed to report on the President's Report, sub- 
mit the following : 

I. The President suggests the importance of devising a plan, by which 
more ministerial labor can be brought into requisition. 

In regard to this, we submit, that the change made relative to our 
missionary work, may be so utilized as to secure a greater amount of such 
labor. 

II. Relative to education with a view to prepare persons for the ministry, 
the President calls attention to the High School at Conover, Catawba Co., 
North Carolina. 

With respect to this matter, a comrnitttee was appointed at last Synod 
to see whether that school can be placed under the control and supervision 
of Synod. 

We deem a recommendation, on our part, unnecessary, relative to that 
matter, as no doubt the committee will report at the proper time. 

III. The President recommends the consideration of the doctrine and 
worship of secret societies. 

In reference to these matters, we suggest the following : 

Whereas, This Synod is invested only with advisory power; and 
whereas the general policy of this Synod has not been to encourage such 
doctrines, worship or fellowship, be it 

Bssolved 1. That this Synod, as we have, so far as we know, no minister 
now in affiliation with such societies, we advise all who may be looking to 
the office of the ministry in connection with this Synod, not to associate or 
hold fellowship with any societies that practice a deistic worship or service, 
to the disparagement of the adoration due Jesus Christ, or that comes in 
conflict with the orthodox worship of the church, or that set up a plan of 
salvation coming in conflict with]that set forth in Divine Revelation, through 
the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Mediator between God and man ; 
as it is the sentiment of this Synod that such could not be received. 

2. That we regard these matters as subjects for investigation and in- 
struction, and our ministers are advised tojgive such information as they 
may deem proper, when it is desired. 

With respect to altar and pulpit fellowship, it is the sentiment of this 
Synod, that our ministers and people adhere to the practice set forth in the 



4 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Confessions of the Church, using all necessary precaution, prudence, and 
judiciousness in the exercise of such privileges, lest the sacredness of the 
altar and pulpit be violated, or the consciences of any be oppressed, and 
reference should always be had to the preparation designated in the Augs- 
burg Confession, Article eleven, and in Luther's Catechism, where it is said, 
" Let a man examine himself," etc., and " He only is truly worthy and well 
prepared, who has faith in these words," etc. 

In regard to Chiliaism, we would simply say, it is clearly rejected in 
the 17th Article of the Augsburg Confession. 

IV. Relative to the allusion in the President's report, to certain articles 
in the Constitution of Synod; we would simply remark that organic laws 
should be seldom changed, and as no proposition has been made, in accord- 
ance with the 8th Article of the said constitution, for any change or altera- 
tion, no action is required on the part of the Synod. 

V. With respect to the matter of revising and publishing our Church 
Hymn Book, we deem the action taken by our Synod last year, all that we 
could recommend. Respectfully submitted, 

S. HEKKEL, 
J. M. SMITH, 
A. COSTNHER. 

On motion, this report was received to be acted on item 
by item. The report was adopted, item by item, without 
any change. 

Adjourned for recess. Prayer by the President. 

SE^VEISTTIEa: SESSION. 

Saturday, Nov. 15th, 3 P. IT. 
The roll was called and business resumed. 
The Secretary offered the following resolution con- 
cerning 

Our Church Paper. 

Mesolved, That this Synod recommend to all the families of the Synod 
Our Church Paper, and especially urge it upon the Ministers to endeavor to 
extend its circulation and thereby widen its sphere of usefulness. 

The resolution was adopted. 

The Committee appointed at the last meeting of Synod 
to confer with the Trustees of Concordia High School in or- 
der to ascertain upon what terms this school could be made 
the property of Synod, submitted the terms obtained from 
said Trustees. This committee was discharged at its own 
request, and the following resolution was adopted: 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

Whereas, The committee appointed at last Synod were discharged, 
and, 

Whereas, The proprietors of the Concordia High School, at Conover, 
N. C, is desirous to be under the supervision and control of this Synod, and, 

Whereas, We need a School of that grade under church influence, 
and the Synod would rejoice at seeing such arrangement, be it 

Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed to take the initiary 
steps in co-operation with the proprietors of the school, to bring about this 
result, and report to the next meeting of Synod. 

Committee: Revs. S- Henkel, D. D., and J. C. Moser. 
The committee on State of the Church was excused 
from making a report. 

Synod now adjourned to meet at the time and place 
appointed. 

Closing exercises bv the President. 




A J. 

^nmnuwgg of} mtrumii§< 



Prof. R. A. Yoder preached, Nov. 13, 7 P. M.— Text : Isaiah 35, 8. 
Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox preached, Nov. 14, 12 M.— Text : I Cor. 13, 13. 

" J. C. Moser preached, Nov. 15, 7 P. M.— Text: St. John 3, 16. 

" S. Henkel, D. D., preached, Nov. 16, 10£ A. M Text ; Heb.„10, 24. 

" J. M. Smith preached, Nov. 16, 2 P. M.— Text : I Cor. 11, 1, 2. 

" M. L. Little preached, Nov. 16, 6i P. M.— Text : Luke 23, 46. 

The religions services were wei! attended, and the seed 
sown will doubtless bring forth its fruit in due season. In 
addition to the regular services of Sunday, Confession and 
Absolution were attended to and the Holy Communion ad- 
ministered to a goodly number of communicants. 

"Not unto us, not unto us, O, Lord, but unto thy name 
give glory for thy mercy and for thy truth's sake." Amen. 

M. L LITTLE. Secretary. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



^ 



Treasurer's Report. 

J. Paul Stirewalt, 

In account with the 

Evang. Luth. Tennessee Synod. 

1878. 

Aug. 30, To cash of Rev. D. Efird, former Treasurer, $71 50 

" " Amount received at Synod for Minutes 50 70 

Sept. 3, " " of Rev. L. A. Fox for Missions, &c 12 50 



1878. Cr. 

Sept. 10, By cash to Henkel & Co., for printing 

Minutes of 1877, due from Rev. D. 

Efird, former Treasurer $12 39 

Sept. 10, By cash to Henkel & Co., for printing 

Minutes of 1878 45 00 

Sept. 10, By amount over paid Henkel & Co., 

and subject to the order of Synod... 27 01 
Dec. 9, By amount paid F. Zeiler, postage on 

Minutes 4 74 



$134 70 



$89 74 
1879. 

Nov. 7, Balance in hand at this time subject to order of Synod $44 96 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 
Treasurer. 



20 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Education Fund. 

Eev. A. L. Yount, 

In account with 

Evan. Luth. Tennessee Synod. 

1873. Dr. 

June 15, To cash $50 00 

Sept. 27, " 25 00 

1874. 

April 22, To cash 43 00 

" 23, " 30 85 

Sept. 3, " ' 6120 

Nov. 16, " 10 00 

1875. 

Jan. 18, To cash 60 00 

Feb. 9, '• 400 

Mayl7, " 20 00 

July 28, •' 6 00 

1876. 

Jan. 13, To cash 14 00 



$324 05 
1876. Feb. 18. To cash for missionary services allowed by Synod ... .$50 00 
1878- Cb. 

May 2, Draft on Bank $325. 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

T. MOSER, 
Treasurer of Beneficiary Education Fund. 

Treasurer's Agent's Report. 

Rev. S. Henkel, Virginia Agent for Rev. T. Moser, 

Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund of Evan. Luth. Tennessee Synod. 
1879. 
Nov., To amount appropriated to J. W. Nauman, -which he did 

not accept, as he entered into other business $50 00 

Jan. 25, To amount from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck's charge 2 50 

Nov. 8, " from Rev. J. P. StirewahVs charge 8 02 

Nov. 2, " from Rev. S. Henkel's charge 3 24 

Nov. 10, " from Emmanuel, Rev. S. Henkel's charge 6 50 

T. Moser, Treasurer of Beneficiary Education Fund, 
In account with 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1879. May 2, Received of Rev. A. L. Yount on his indebtedness 

to Synod, draft, Bank, Nokomis, 111., for $325 

To Importers and Traders National Bank, New York. 
As there were no orders from the President the above still remains in 
my hands. 

Respectfully submitted, T. MOSER, 

Treasurer Beneficiary Education Fund. 



EVANGELICAL, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



21 



Mission'ry Fund. 



Other Objects. 



Curr'nt Exp'nses| 



Ben. Education. 



Synodical. 
L 



Removals. 
Scholars. 



Teachers. 



Sunda y Schools. 

Expulsions. 

Deaths. 



Letters. 






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O CO 



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10 o o 

OQ «0 O 



oiao 
o«t- 
^ co <y> 



; TjH ICS • GO SO CO 



t-iMKriMW COrHCJ 



Infant Baptisms, 



Adult Baptisms. 



Confirmations. 



Communicants. 



Congregations. 



lOrHrlKIOHnH 



OODOOOOHOSOOOMOOOH^b 

C003OOCJC0i-Hi-HOO10OC-tO-*00iOC0^ 



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istry. 



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Resolved, That each of our Pastors be earnestly requested, 
to preach at least one Sermon in each of his congregations, 
annually, upon the subject of Beneficiary Education, and 
other benevolent enterprises, and report to the next 
succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested 
to send, to each Anuual Meeting of the Synod, a written 
Report of the condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly 
catechising those who propose to become members of our 
communiou, previous to their Confirmation, is, in some 
places, falling into disuse, and rather a loose custom of 
receiving uucatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their relig- 
ious knowledge and other qualifications for Church mem- 
bership, has been practiced by some; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers 
and congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can 
possibly be done, all who make application for Church 
membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechisation, 
in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to their 
Confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when 
persons of age and experience make application, or such 
young persons as have been so favorably situated as to 
have had opportunities to become acquainted with and to 
have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, 
seek Church privileges, we recommend that their request 
be granted; but, in no case, until such persons have been 
examined by the Pastor, before the Council, and have 
been approved by them. 



INDEX. 



Page. 

Appropriation for Beneficiary Education, 12 

Amendment to Article XI of Regulations for the Government of 

Synod's Beneficiary Work, 13 

Beneficiary Treasurer's Agent's Report, 20 

Corresponding Delegates, 10 

Committee on Examinations, ...... 11 

Election of Officers, G 

Lay Delegates, ... 4 

Letters, ... 10 

Ministerial Roll, 3 

Ordination Certificates, 14 

Our Church Paper, 16 

President's Report, 4 

Petitions of Congregations for Admission into Synod 7 

Petitions, 9 

Place of meeting, ... 10 

Regular Committees, 7 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions, .... 8 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business, 10 

Report of Committee on the Transfer of Missionary Work to the 

Conferences, 11 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary 

Treasurer's Report, 12 

Report of Executive Committee of Missions, 14 

Report of Committee on Examination, 14 

Report of Committee on President's Report, 15 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 20 

Summary of Sermons, .. .. 18 

Treasurer's Report, 19 

Treasurer's Agent's Report, 19 

Time of next Meeting, 12 



EST-A-BJLXSXiElD 1806. 



Socrates Henkel. J. Paul Sfirewalt. Ambrose L. Henkel. 

HENKEL&CO., 

I IH ¥ WWlPlIi £1 k If H DITTO T WH WTPI& H 
^JKIJH Jl ASS Aim Mew JMiJLB MBMJS f 

New Market, Shenandoah Co., Va. 



Oue Church Papee : — A Lutheran Family journal; 28 columns; 
$1.60 per year, post-paid. It is a live and decidedly Lutheran paper. — 
Every Lutheran should read it. 

Shenandoah Valley: — A First-class News and Literary Paper; 
weekly; 28 columns; $1.00 per year, post-paid. 

Our Sunday School : — A Lutheran Child's Paper ; Monthly ; Illus- 
trated ; 12 columns; 25 cents per copy ; 25 copies, $ 4. 50; 100 copies, $15 
per year, post-paid. 



All the leading Magazines clubbed with these papers, at less than the 
publishers' prices. 

Idothea ; or, The Divine Image :— Pronounced by the Press of 
America and Europe equal to any Poetical Work in the English Language. 
Address only with Cash. Post-paid, in Cloth, $1.50; in Gilt, $1.60. 

Dr. Martin Luther's Church Postil : — Sermons on the Epistles" for 
the different Sundays and Festivals in the year. Price, post-paid, $2.50. 



ALL ORDERS FOR JOB WORK WILL RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION 

AND BE EXECUTED AT MOST REASONABLE RATES. 

Estimates and Samples sent on application. 

Historical Sketch of Sunday-schools by Rev. L. A. Fox, sentfoi' six cents. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



SIXTIETH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



Rym* ImtlL S§f 



I mWW BJ1P 



HELD IN 



ST. PETER'S CHURCH, CATAWBA COUNTY, N. C, 



QUfcx*~te\. 



.1— IS, 188CX 



NEWMARKET, VA.: 

Henkel & Co., Printers and Publishers. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved, That each of* our Pastors be earnestly requested, 
to preach at least oue Sermon in each of his congrega- 
tions, auuually, upon the subject of Beneficiary Education, 
and other benevolent enterprises, and report to the next 
succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be request- 
ed to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a writ- 
ten .Report of the condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly cate- 
chising those who propose to become members of our com- 
munion, previous to their Confirmation, is, in some places, 
falling into disuse, and rather a loose custom of receiving 
uncatechised persons into the Church, without the slight- 
est examination of them in regard to their religious knowl- 
edge and other qualification for Church membership, has 
been practiced by some; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers 
and Congregations in future tg^ee t^J*»Uf at > if it can 
possibly be done, all who rcak(^applicat%iA' for Church 



membership be thoroughtyinstructed,*Ty Catechisation, 
in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to 
their Confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or 
such young persons as have been so favorably situated 
as to have had opportunities to become acquainted with 
and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and cus 
toms,seek Church privileges, we recommend that their re 
quest be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the Pastor, before the Council, and have 
beeu approved by them. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTIETH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 



The Evangelical Lutheean Tennessee Synod as- 
sembled in its sixtieth annual convention in St. Peter's 
Church, Catawba County, N. C, on Thursday, 11th day of 
November, 1880. A sermon was preached by Rev. J. Paul 
Stirewalt from Matt. 11:28, after which the meeting was 
called to order by the President, Rev. J. R. Petersou. Rev. 
J. C. Moser was chosen Secretary, pro tern. The roll of 
ministers was called aud absentees noted. 

Ministers. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. A. J. Fox, „ Lincolnton, N. C. 

2 " J. R. Peterson, Dallas, N. C. 

3 " T. Moser Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

4 " P. C. Henkel, .....Conover, N. C. 

5 " 8. Henkel, D. D., New Market, Va. 

6 " D.Efird, Pine Ridge, S. C. 

7 " J. M. Smith, .....Oonover, N. C. 

8 " I. Condor,! McGaheysville, Va. 

9 " J. N. Stirewalt,! Stony Man, Va. 

10 " J. S. Benniok,* Porestville, Va. 

11 " M. L, Fox, Sandy Creek, N. C. 

12 " J. C. Moser, China Grove, N. C. 

13 '• M. L. Little,* Lincolnton, N. C. 

14 " L. A. Fox, Waynesboro, Va. 

15 " A. L. Croote, Summit, S. C. 

16 " J. P. Stirewalt, New Market, Va. 

17 " J. W-Hausenfluck,* Grove Hill, Va. 

18 " E. L. Ltbrand, Columbia, S. C. 

19 " J. K. Efird,! Summit, S. C. 

20 " J.A.Cromer, Columbia, S. C. 

21 " R. A. Yoder, Conover, N. C. 

22 " C. H. Berniieim, Lexington, N. C. 

♦Excused. tNot excused. 



The certificates of Lay-delegates were called for and 
the following presented credentials : 

Lay-Delegates. 

Names- Churches Represented. 

J. L. Wagner, St. Martin's, Iredell, N. C. 

Silas Bost, Sharon, " " 

Tobias Barnes,.... Salem, Alexander, " 

D. M. Puett, Bold Spring, " 

W. W. Fry, Friendship, 

C. T. Sigmon, St. Peter's, " 

J. M. Miller, St. Stephen's " 

Noah Hawn, Zion, " 

D. W. Moose, Piney Grove, " 

F. L. Herman, St. Paul's, 

Logan Dellinger. St. John's, " 

G. M. Yodek Grace, " 

M. L. Cline, Hickory, " 

M. Hallman St. Luke's, " 

Caleb Rhodes, Salem, Lincoln, N. C. 

LetiHass, Trinity, 

Henry Setzer Philadelphia, Gaston, N. C. 

W. M. Robinson... Lutheran Chapel, " 

Q. Y. Strotjp Christ's, '• 

D. V- Clippard.... Salem, Lincoln, " 

S. H. Efird, St. Martin's, Stanley, '' 

J. P. Goodman, ....Phanuel, " 

Philip Fisher Morning Star, " 

D. A. Goodman. ...Concordia, " 

M. E. Rudisill, ....St. Mark's, Catawba, " 
P. W. Carpenter. Bethphage, " 

H. C- Goodman, ...St. Mark's, Rowan, " 

H. H. Conrad, Pilgrim and Emanuel. " 

George Hkdriok, .New Jerusalem and Beck's, N. C 

LawsonLink, Philadelphia, Caldwell, '• 

.). W. Summer, St John's, St. Peter's, St. Jacob's and Bethlehem, S. C, 

J. W. Craps, St. James' and St. Thomas', S. C. 

G. F. Drafts, St. Andrew's, Zion, and St. Paul's, S. C. 

D. A. Sox, Emmanuel, S. C- 

D. S. Henkel, Emmanuel and Mt. Zion, Va. 

J. M. Roberts, St. Matthew's, N. C. 

A. M. HurT St. James', 



The following officers were elected lor (be ensuing year: 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., President. 

" J. C. Mosee, Rec. Secretary. 

" J. R. Peterson, Cor. Secretary. 

" J. M. Smith, Treasurer. 

The retiring President then read his Auuual jbteuort. 
President's Report. 

To the Members of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod in Conven- 
tion assembled: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God oar Father and Jesus 
Christ our Lord. 

Dear Brethren : 

Our thanks are due the Triune God for 
that kind providence, which has watched over us during the year now ending, 
and for the privilege of again meeting in the capacity of a Synod. The 
lives of our ministers have been spared ; and with a single exception, their 
health has been such as to enable them to perform their accustomed labors. 
One dear brother, (Rev. M. L. Little) has, for mouths, lain upon a sick bed 
from which he is slowly recovering. Our prayers should ascend to the 
throne of grace, in behalf of our afflicted brother. 

During the Synodical Year, I have been called upon to perform but 
few official acts. 

Beneficiaries. — Concerning beneficiaries, Messrs. T. E. Armentrout and 
D. A. Sox, I have had satisfactory information. Mr. Armentrout is pursuing 
his studies at the Polytechnic Institute, New Market, Va. His progress in 
study has been commendable, and his character and prospects entirely sat- 
isfactory. No call was made upon me for an order upon the Treasurer of 
Beneficiary Fund in his favor, but Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., informed me 
that he paid the amount appropriated by Synod for his benefit out of 
money in his hands, belonging to Synod. Mr. Armentrout asks an addi- 
tional appropriation of $75.00 or $100.00. I recommend that an appropria- 
tion be made. 

Mr. Sox is pursuing his studies at Concordia High School, Catawba 
Co., N. C. His progress in his studies during the year has been quite sat- 
isfactory. His Christian character is above reproach and his prospect for 
usefulness is encouraging. On the 3rd day of August last, I gave an order 
upon the Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund for $50 — the amount appropriated 
for his benefit by the last Synod. He asks of Synod an appropriation for 
the incoming year. I recommend that the necessary appropriation be 
made. 

Church Dedication. — On Sunday, the 3rd day of October, during a 
meeting of the N. C. Conference of this Synod, a new church, situated in 
the northern part of Rowan County, N. C. , was dedicated to the service of 
the Triune God, to be known as St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church. 



This church is under the pastoral care of Rev. J. C. Moser and will be pre- 
sented to this convention for admission as an integral member of Synod. 

And now, brethren, thanking you for the confidence you have reposed 
in me and for the forbearance you have exercised toward me in the imper- 
fect manner in which I have served you, I commend you to God and the 
word of his grace and invoke for your guidance the direction of the Holy 
Spirit, to whom with the Father and Son, be all honor and glory ascribed, 
world without end. 

J. R. PETERSON, Pkesident. 

The report was received and referred to the proper 
committee. 

The presideut announced the followiug 

Regular Committees. 

1. On President's Report. — Revs. P. C. Henkel, J. M. 
Smith, and Mr. Silas Bost. 

2. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, T. 
Moser, and Mr. Logan Dellinger. 

3. On Examination. — Revs. A. J. Fox, T. Moser, and 
A. L. Orouse. 

4. On Letters and Papers. — Revs. J. M. Smith, J. A. 
Cromer, aud G. M. Yoder. 

5. On State of the Church. — Revs. L. A. Fox, D. Efird, 
and R. A. Yoder. 

6. On Treasurer's and Beneficiary Treasurer's Report.— 
Messrs. D. S. Henkel, 0. T. Sigman, and Franklin Herman. 

The papers, letters and petitions intended for Syuod 
were called for. These were classed and placed in the 
hands of the proper committees. 

Synod now adjourned until Friday morning, 9 o'clock. 
Benediction by the President. 

SECOND SESSION. 

E'riday Morning, 9 o'clock. 

Synod was opened with religious exercises by Rev. A. 
L. Crouse. The roll was called, and the minutes were read 
and adopted. Rev. L. A. Fox arrived. 



Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We the committee on unfinished business have examined the minutes 
of last Synod and refer 

1. To page 9, and recommend Synod to inquire whether the committee 
appointed to adjust the troubles then existing in St. Paul's Church, Lex- 
ington Co., S. C, were called upon to act; and if so, what has been the 
result. 

2. We refer to page 10, Item 11 on Letters, and recommend that in- 
quiry be made whether any changes have been made since last Synod in 
the relations existing between Rev. C. II. Bernheim and the congregations 
served by him and belonging to this Synod. 

3. AVe refer to page 12, and recommend Synod to inquire what has 
been done in mission work by the several Conferences of this Synod, since 
the last meeting. 

4. On page 14, we find that a committee was appointed to prepare a 
new form of ordination certificate, and report to this committee. Is that 
committee prepared to report ? 

5. We refer to page 17, and recommend Synod to inquire whether the 
committee appointed to report upon a transfer of Concordia High School 
to this S3 r nod is prepared to report as required by Synod. 

J. R. PETERSON, 

T. MOSER, 

LOGAN BELLINGER. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1. Passed by. 

Item 2. Postponed until the committee on letters and 
petitions report. 

Item 3. It was moved that the representatives of the 
several Conferences be required to report on to-morrow 
with regard to this item. 

Item 4. The committee not being ready to report was 
continued. 

Item 5. Postponed until to-morrow 10 A. M. This re- 
port was adopted as far as acted upon. 

The Report of the Committee on President's Report. 

We your committee, appointed to examine the President's report, beg 
leave to stale that there is nothing in it to demand the special action of 
Synod further than its recommendations in regard to our beneficiaries. — 
We respectfully recommend that the recommendation of the President, be 
approved. P. C. HENKEL, 

J. M. SMITH, 
SILAS BOST. 



10 

son County, N. C. , stating that the condition of the Church is good, and 
that they have selected Rev. C. II. Bernheim as their pastor. 

No. 12 is an honorahle dismission of C. H. Bernheim from the N. C. 
Synod to the Tennessee Synod. We recommend that he be received as a 
member of Synod. J. M. SMITH, 

J. A. CROMER, 
G. M. YODER. 

On motion, this report was received and acted upon by 
item. 

Item 1. The recommeudation of the committee was sus- 
tained. 

Item 2. In reference to this item it was moved that tbe 
next session of thisSyuod beheld in Emmanuel Church, in 
New Market, Va. St. Mary's Pine Church was put in com 
petition with Emmanuel. 

Place and Time of Next Meeting. 

Emmanuel Chuech, New Market, Va., was chosen as 
the place of the next meeting of Synod. Saturday before 
the second Sunday in September, was fixed as the time of 
next meeting. 

The rules were suspended and item 12 was taken up. 

Item 12. It was moved that the recommendation of the 
committee be sustained. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim was unanimously received as a 
member of this Synod. 

Item 3. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained. St. Mark's Evang. Lutheran Church, Rowan Co., 
N. C, and its delegate were received. 

Pending the consideration of this report Synod adjourn- 
ed until Saturday morning, 8 o'clock. Benediction by Rev. 
T. Moser. 

IFOTTPITjEI SESSION. 

Satueday, 10 A. M. 

Synod met, and was opened with devotional exercises 
by Rev. M. L. Fox. The roll was called, and the minutes 
of yesterday's session were read, corrected and adopted. 

The Committee on the reception of Concordia High 



11 

School under care of Synod, which was made the special 
order for 10 o'clock this morning, reported. 

This report was received. 

Pending the discussion of this subject, Synod adjourn- 
ed until after the recess. Benediction by Eev. M. L. Fox. 

During the recess a funeral discourse was preached by 
Eev. T. Moser. Text: 1 Thess. 4, 13-18; 2 Cor. 5, 8. 

FIFTH SESSION. 

Candidate J. B. Fox was received as an advisory mem- 
ber. The following resolution was substituted for the re- 
port of the committee on the reception of Concordia High 
School. 

Resolution on the Reception of Concordia High School under 
Care of Synod. 

Whereas, The Trustees of Concordia High School, Conover, N. C. , 
have made a proposition to Synod to take the Institution under her care 
and supervision, and 

Wiieeeas, It is the desire and wish of this Synod to have an Institu- 
tion of learning in her connection, therefore, 

Resolved, That a Committee of three, on the part of Synod, be appoint- 
ed to confer with the Trustees of said school, and prepare an agreement 
which may serve as a basis upon which said school may become the recog- 
nized Institution of Synod, and that this committee be required to report 
to the next session of Synod. 

Resolved further, That we hereby recommend Concordia High School 
to the members of our Church, and to the public generally, as a school of 
meritorious character. 
Adopted. 

The President appointed the following persons on this 
committee: Revs. J. C. Moser, J. R. Peterson, and C. H. 
Bernheim. 

On motion, A. Costner, Esq., and Mr. C. T. Sigman 
were added to this committee. 

Report of the Committee on the Examination of Mr. J. A. Rudisill. 

We, your committee, appointed to examine applicant J. A. Rudisill in 
reference to his qualifications to become a beneficiary of Synod, report that 
we have discharged that duty, and are well pleased with the brother, and 
recommend that he be taken under care of Synod, and directed and sus- 
tained according to our beneficiary regulations. T. MOSER. 

A. L. CROUSE. 



12 

The committee, appointed to take iuto consideration 
the revised Constitution laid before Synod on Thursday, 
made the following: 

Report of Committee on Proposed Amendments to the Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws of Synod. 

We, the committee, appointed to consider the amendments proposed 
to he made to the Constitution and By-Laws of Synod, submit the fol- 
lowing : 

Constitution— That Article 3, Sec. 1, be so amended as to read, This 
Synod shall be composed of congregations represented by their pastors and 
lay-delegates. The lay-delegates shall be appointed by the congregations 
in connection with this Synod, to represent them in the synodical meetings. 

We recommend, that Sec. 5 of Article 3 be transferred to Article 6, 
Sec. 2 of the By-Laws. 

That Sec. 1 of Article 4, be amended by striking out all in said Sec, 
after the words "finding them guilty," and by inserting in their place, the 
following : to expel from Synod such as refuse to repent, after due admo- 
nition, and recommend his congregation or congregations to sever his pas- 
toral or ministerial relations. 

That Section 2 of Article 4, be stricken out. 

That Section 3, Article 4, be amended by striking out the words "by 
a majority of the members voting," and the word "appointing," shall be 
changed to appoint. 

By-Laws— In regard to the By-Laws, we recommend the following 
amendments : 

That Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 of Article 4, be stricken out and the 
following substituted : 

Sec. 2.— Should any member of the Church know a minister to be 
guilty of a private offense, he shall reprove him according to (Matth. 18, 15.) 
And if in the process, as required in this text, he be restored fully to the 
favor of his charge, or congregation, as to his membership and fitness to 
perform the functions of the ministry, the matter should rest here ; but if 
his offense shall have been of such a serious character, in violating the 
principles of piety, rules of morality, or errors in the fundamental doc- 
trines of our church, and the decision of the congregation or charge shall 
not have been satisfactory to the Synod, Synod shall investigate the mat- 
ter, and if in her judgment, his offense has been such as to disqualify him 
to discharge the functions of the ministry, she shall sever his synodical re- 
lation, and recommend the congregation or congregations to sever his pas- 
toral or ministerial relations ; and any congregation refusing to do so, its 
connection with this Synod shall be dissolved. 

Sec. 3. — In the event of an offense committed by a minister of this 
Synod, requiring the aid of Synod to adjust it satisfactorily, the member 



13 

or members acquainted with the facts in the case, shall immediately inform 
the president of Synod, who shall call without delay a session of Syrio'd^Tf 
two ministers and two laymen request it, to be held in one of the congre- 
gations of the accused. 

The president shall notify specially the parties of the call session and 
enjoin it upon them to appear at the time and place appointed, prepared to 
furnish al! the testimony for and against the accused. When all the evi- 
dence shall have been collected, the Synod shall proceed to give the sub- 
ject a fair, candid, and impartial investigation, and dispose of it according 
to the evidence in the case. 

Sec. 4. — If a minister against whom serious charges are preferred be 
duly notified and he refuse to attend the meeting appointed to investigate 
his case, his connection with Synod shall be severed, and his charge ad- 
vised to sever his pastoral and ministerial relations. 

That Section 2 of Article 5, be stricken out. 

That Section 3 of Article 5, be stricken out, and the following be sub- 
stituted in its place : 

Sec. 3. — Whenever one or more congregations make application for 
the services of a candidate for the ministry 1 , he shall be carefully examined 
in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sustains the 
examination to the satisfaction of Synod he shall be ordained to the office 
of pastor according to Article IV, Sec. 3 of Constitution. 

That Section 4 of Article 5 be stricken, out. 

That relative to the Reception of Ministers or Candidates for the Min- 
istry, and Altar and Pulpit Fellowship, we recommend that the following, 
known as the Summit Rule, he adhered to, which reads as follows: 

This Synod is invested only with advisory power; and whereas the 
general policy of this Synod has not been to encourage such doctrines, 
worship or fellowship, "be it 

Revolved 1. That this Synod,- as we have, so far as we know, mo min- 
ister now in affiliation with such societies, we advise all who may be look- 
ing to the office of the ministry in connection with. this Synod, not to as- 
sociate or hold fellowship with any societies that practice a deistic worship 
or service, to the disparagement of the adoration due Jesus Christ, or that 
comes in conflict with the orthodox worship of the church, or that" set up 
a plan of salvation coming in conflict with' that set forth in Divine Revela- 
tion, through the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Mediator between 
God and man; as it is- the sentiment of this Synod that such could not be 
received. 

2. That we regard these matters as subjects for investigation and in- 
struction, and our ministers are advised to give such information as they 
may deem proper, when it is desired.. 

With respect to altar and pulpit fellowship, it is the sentiment of this 
Synod, that our ministers and people adhere to the practice set forth in the 
Confessions of the Church, using all necessary precaution, prudence, and 
judiciousness in the exercise of such privileges, lest the sacredness of the 



14 

altar and pulpit be violated, or the consciences of any be oppressed, and 
reference should always be had to the preparation designated in the Augs- 
burg Confession, Article eleven, and in Luther's Catechism, where it is 
said, "Let a man examine himself," etc., and " He only is truly worthy 
and well prepared, who has faith in these words," etc. 

In regard to Chiliaism, we would simply say, it is clearly rejected in 
the 17th Article of the Augsburg Confession. 

S. HENKEL, 
A. L. CROUSE, 
P. C. HENKEL 

Not being satisfied, 
T. MOSER, 
R. A. YODER. 

This report was received and considered section by 
section. 

The amendment to Article 3, Sec. 1, was rejected. — 
Revs. P. C. Henkel and J. M. Smith asked to have their 
names recorded in the affirmative. 

Rev. D. Efird was excused from further attendance on 
the sessions of this Synod. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet Monday morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock. Benediction by the President. 

Sunday Services. 

At 10 A. M. a very large congregation having assem- 
bled, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., preached on the subject of the 
Lord's Supper, Text, Acts 18 : 21. After the sermon the 
Holy Communion was administered to a very large number 
of communicants. After a recess Rev. 0. H. Bernheim 
preached from Gen. 7 : 1. Great interest was manifested 
in these services, and we trust much good was done in the 
name of Jesus and for his glory. 

SIXTH SESSION. 

Monday Morning, 9 o'clock. 

Synod met at the appointed hour. The devotional ex- 
ercises were conducted by Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. The roll 
was called. 

Excuses of absentees were heard. 

Rev. I. Conder was not excused. 



15 

Eev. J. N". Stirewalt was not excused. 

Rev. J. S. Bennick was excused. 

Eev. M. L. Little was excused. 

Eev. J. W. Hausenfluck was not excused. 

Eev. J. K. Efird was not excused. 

Resolution of Thanks. 

Mesolved, That our heartfelt thanks are due the good people of this 
congregation for their exceedingly kind and hospitable treatment during our 
stay amongst them. 

Continuance of the Report on Letters and Petitions. 

Items 6, 7, 8, and 9 were re-cotnmitted to the Commit- 
tee on the State of the Church. 

Item 10. In reference to this item, Synod adopted the 
following resolution : 

Inasmuch as Synod is not in possession of all the facts, she deems it 
unwise to give advice in that particular case. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The Corresponding Delegate to the S. C. Synod report- 
ed that he was in attendance upon the last meeting of that 
body, and that Eev. Prof. G. W. Holland was appointed 
delegate to this meeting with J. A. Sligh alternate. 

The Corresponding Delegate to the N. C. Synod re- 
ported that he had discharged the duty imposed upon him. 

Report of the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Your Committee are able to report reasonably favorable on the state 
of the congregations in connection with our Synod in the State of Vir- 
ginia. The spirit of liberality is being manifested to a greater degree than 
in former years. The ministers are actively and zealously engaged in the 
work of the Master's Vineyard, and their efforts have been crowned with 
an eminent degree of success. But one slight change in pastoral relation, 
has taken place, and that only temporarily. In one congregation there is 
a little discord between Pastor and members of the congregation ; but as 
far as our information goes, no serious trouble is likely to result from this 
difficulty. With this single exception, our congregations, in this part of 
our Synod, enjoy a reasonable share of prosperity. The increase in mem- 
bership has been good. 

Relative to the state of the Church in North Carolina, we, your Com- 
mittee, regret that we are not able to make upon the whole a very favor- 



1G 

able report. In some portions of the Church here the work is being car- 
ried forward with some degree of efficiency and zeal. But most of our 
pastoral charges are much too large, and more laborers are greatly needed, 
in order that our Church work may be prosecuted with that degree of effi- 
ciency which the nature of the work demands. Among our ministers, 
both personally and in our Church work, there is not that entire harmony 
which is desirable. We believe, however, that the outlook for more 
laborers, more effectual work, and greater unity and harmony is improving. 
Our congregations in South Carolina, are d^ing tolerably well. There 
seems to be more harmony existing, among the congregations— with one 
exception— than has been for some years past. All our congregations in 
this State are regularly supplied with divine services ; and in most of the 
congregations, the children are being catechised. Our members-attend 
regularly on public worship. Taken altogether, we believe, there -has been 
much improvement during the past year. 

Respectful^ submitted, 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 
J. C. MOSER, 
J. A. CROMER. 

The Appointment of Delegates to other Synods. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., was appointed Delegate to the 
N. 0. Synod. 

Synod adjourned until after recess. Benediction by 
Rev. R. A. Yoder. 

SE^EHSTTii SESSION. 

With regard to Mission Work, the followiug resold 
tious were passed : 

1. Resolved, That as the work of Missions has been transferred to the 
Conference, the regulations of Synod in regard to said work are hereby re- 
pealed. 

2. Resolved, That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mission 
Work, be referred to the Committee on the state of the Church. 

3. Resolved, That all moneys collected or subscribed for the Mission 
Work be retained for such purpose in the Conference in which such sub- 
scription or collection has been made. 

Notice was given that at the next session of this Synod, 
an amendment would be offered to the By-Laws, establish 
ing a Standing Committee on Missious. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of the 
Minutes of this Convention of Synod printed to supply the calls for them, 
and to furnish each Minister of this Synod with three copies, each general 



body of Lutherans in this country one copy, our Institutions of learning 
one copy each, our Lutheran Publications two copies each, and our Bene- 
ficiaries one copy each. 

Conference Report. 

Lexington Co., S. C, ) 
Aug. 28, 1880.) 

To TOE EVANG. LuTFIaHAN TENN. SYNOD : 

In accordance with requirement of Synod, we report that this Coun- 
cil'has adopted apian for Ho.ne Mission work, elected officers and made a 
beginning which we hope will be eminently successful in prosecuting the 
work committed by Synod to our care. 

The further consideration of the report of the commit- 
tee on the Amendments to the Constitution was postponed 
until the next meeting of Synod. 

Synod now adjourned to the time and place already 
appointed. Closing exercises by the President. 

J. C. MOSER, Secretary. 
Religious Services. 

Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt preached, Nov. 11, 12 M., Text, 
Matt. 11: 28. 

Rev. J. C. Moser preached, November 12, 12 M., Text, 2 
Tim. 1 : 12. 

Rev. D. Eflrd preached, November 12, 7P. M., Text, 
John 5: 39. 

Rev. T. Moser preached a funeral sermon, Nov. 13, 12 
M., Texts, 1 Thes. 4: 13-18 and 2 Cor. 5 : 8. 

Rev. J. A. Cromer preached, Nov. 13, 7 P. M., Text, 
Isa. 63: 1-3. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., preached Nov. 14, 10 A. M., 
Text, Acts 18: 21. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim preached, Nov. 14, 3 P. M., Text, 
Gen. 7:1. 

Great interest was manifested in all the services. The 
communion was an unusually large one. May God bless 
these services to the good of his Church and to the praise 
of his own great glory. 

J. C. MOSER, Secretary. 



18 
Treasurers' Reports. 

SOCRATES HENKEL, Treasurer, 

In account with 

The Tennessee Synod. Dk. 

1879. 
Nov. 22. To amounts of former Treasurer, Rev. J. P. S tire wait.... $44 96 

" " received of different parties at Synod 38 30 

P. C. Hahn, Esq., 2 70 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt 1 40 

" J. K. Efird 35 

Geo. Hedrick 1 00 

H. J. Wisinger 10 

Zion Church, S. Henkel's Ch. 80 

Rev. T. Moser 2 00 

" J. C. Moser 50 

$92 11 

1880. Ob. 

Dec. 13. By am't pd. Henkel & Co. for printing minutes and 

postage on same $49 96 

Bal. on hand, and subject to Order of Synod $42 15 



Nov 


29 


1880 




Jan. 


5. 


si 


8. 


<( 


30. 


i< 


it 


(i 


i i 


Feb. 


21. 


May 


21. 



T. MOSER 

In account with 

The Evan. Ltjth. Tennessee Stnod. Dr. 

1879. 

To cash on hand $325 00 



1880. 

Jan. 9. To interest on Rev. A. L. Yount's note $12 00 



Amount $337 00 

1880. Cr. 

Aug. 10. By Cash paid D. A. Sox , $50 00 

" Postage 25 

$50 25 

Balance in my hands $286 75 

T. MOSER, 
Treas. Ben. Fund. 






19 

REV. S. HENKEL'S ACCOUNT, 

As Agent for Rev. T. Mosee, 

Teeasurer of Beneficiary Education Fund. 

1880. Dr. 

Nov. 7. To amount in his hands on Report, Nov., 1879 $60 26 

1880. Ce. 

Apr. 3. By amount paid, appropriated to Thomas E. Ar- 

mentrout, by Synod at session in Nov., 1879... .$70 00 

1880. Dr. 

July 18. To amount of Rev. I. Conder's charge $14 00 

"28. " refunded by J. S. Koiner a former beneficiary 42 00 

Nov. 7. " from Mt. Zion Church 3 39 

" " " Emmanuel Church 6 75 

$126 40 
$70 00 



Balance in S. Henkel's hands $56 40 

This account does not appear in T. Moser's statement, but leaves the 
balance of $56.40, subject to the order of the Treasurer, in S. Henkel's 
hands. 



Note.— In regard to Mr. J. A. Rudisill, an appropriation of $50.00 
Was made for his benefit, while he was requested to continue his studies in 
Concordia High School. This action of Synod seems to have been omitted 
In the body of the Minutes. 



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CALENDAR FOR 1880-81. 



Officers of Synod. 

REV. S. HENKEL, D. D.,...New Market, Va., President. 

" J. C. MOSER, China Grove, N. C Reo. Secretary. 

" J. R. PETERSON,.... Dallas, N. C Cor. Sec. 

" J.M.SMITH, Conover, N. C Treasurer. 

Committee on the State of the Church. 

REV- L. A. FOX, Waynesboro, Va. 

" D. EFIRD, Pine Ridge, S. C. 

" R. A. YODER, Conover, N. C. 

Committee on Examination. 

REV. J. R. PETERSON, Dallas, N. C. 

" T. MOSER, Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" D. EFIRD, Pine Ridge, S. C. 

" A. L. CROUSE, Summit, S. C. 

" L. A. FOX, Waynesboro, Va. 

" I. CONDER, McGaheysville, Va. 

Place and Time of Next Meeting. 

Emmanuel Church, New Market, Va. , Saturday before the Second 
Sunday of September, 1881. 

Delegates to Other Synods. 
REV. S. HENKEL, D. D., to North Carolina Synod. 



INDEX. 



Appropriation for Beneficiary Education, 8 

Absentees, 14 

Appointment of Delegates to other Synods 1G 

Beneficiary Treasurer's Report 18-19 

Clerical Roll, 3 

Conferential Report, 17 

Lay-Delegates, ...... 4 

Note concerning J. A. Rudisill, ... 19 

Officers of Synod, 5 

President's Report, 5 

Place of Next Meeting 10 

Regular Committees, 6 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business, 7 

Report of Committee on President's Report, 7 

Report of Com. on Treasurer's Report and Beneficiary Treas. Report, 8 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions, 9 

Resolutions on Reception of Concordia High School under care Synod, 11- 
Report of Committee on the Examination of Mr. J. A. Rudisill, 11 

Report of Com. on Proposed Amend, to Constitution and By-Laws, 12-13 

Resolution of Thanks, 15 

Report of the Committee o:i the State of the Church, 15 

Religious Services, 17 

Standing Resolutions, 2 

Sunday Services, '4 

Time of Next Meeting, 10 

Treasurers' Reports, 18 



MINUTES 



Sixty-First Annual Conventio 



N 



EVANGELICAL L UT RERAN 



Tennessee S 



ENNESSEE OYNOD 



EMMANUEL CHURCH, NEW MARKET, VA., 

September 10-14, 1881. 



NEWMARKET, VA.: 

Office of " Oue Chukoh Paper," 

Hekkel & Co., Printers and Publishers. 

1881. 



OFFICERS @F iYH@B« 



President— Rev. A. J. FOX, M. D., Lincolnton, N. C. 

Secretary — Rev. L. A. FOX, D. D., Waynesboro, Va. 

Cor. Secretary— Rev. J. M. SMITH, Conover, N. C. 

Treasurer— Rev. S. HENKEL, D.D., New Market, Va. 



Standing Committees. 

On Missions : 
Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., J. R. Peterson, A. L. Crouse. 

On the State of the Church : 
Revs. L. A. Fox, D. D.. A. L. Crouse, J. C. Moser. 

On Examination : 

Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., L. A. Fox, D. D., P. C. Henkel, T. Moser, 
A. L. Crouse, D. Efird. 

Place and Time of the Next Meeting : 

The next Convention will be held in St. Jacob's Church, Lexington 
County, S. O, commencing on Saturday before the Third Sunday in 
October, 1882. 









PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTY-FIRST ANNML CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Luth. Tennessee Synod. 



New Market, Va., \ 
Sept. 10, 1881. / 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod 
assembled in its Sixty-first Annual Convention in Em- 
manuel's Church, New Market, Va., Rev. S. Heukel, D. D., 
pastor— on Saturday, 10th day of September, 1881. Devo- 
tional exercises were conducted by the President, Eev. Dr. 
Henkel. Rev. L. A. Fox was appointed Secretary, pro tern. 
The roll of ministers was called and absentees noted. 

Clerical Roll. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. A. J. Fox, M. D Lincolnton, N. C. 



2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 



J. R. Pet krson* Dallas, 

T. Mosek* Mt. Pleasant, " 

P. C. Henkel* Conover, " 

8. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

D. Efikd* .-.. Pine Ridge, S. C. 

J. M. Smith Conover, N C. 

I. Condee McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

J. S. Bennick Forestville, " 

M. L. Fox, M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

J. C. Mosee* China Grove, " 

M. L. Little Lincolnton, " 

L. A. Fox, D. D WayDesboro, Va. 

A. L. Ceouse Summit, S. C. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

J. W. Hausenfliick Grove Hill, Va. 

E. L. Lybrand* Columbia, S. C. 

J. K. Efiud* Summit, S. C- 

J. A. Cromer* Columbia, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Conover, N. C. 

C. H. Beenheim* Lexington, N. C. 

Prof. J. S. Koiner Waynesboro, Va. 



*Absent and Excused. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



The following Lay-Delegates were enrolled as members 
of the present Convention. 

Lay-Delegates. 

Names. Churches Represented. 

Christian Printz, Morning Star, Va. 

John D. Printz, Mt. Calvary, " 

J. J. Shank, St. Mark's, Luray, Va. 

A. J. Sillings, St. Paul's, (Augusta) Va. 

D. P. Dellinger, St. Jacob's, Va. 

Wm. Coffman, St. Matthew's, Va. 

J. B. Hess, Mt. Zion, 

L. M. Zirkel, Emmanuel, " 

N. W. Bowman, Bethany, " 

Phil. Killian, Bethlehem, " 

Wm. H. Areheart, Rader's, " 

Calvin F. Moser, Melanchthon, N. C. 

CM. Efird, St. James and others, S. C 

Harrison Pence, Solomon's, Va. 

David Funkhousee, Powder Springs, Va. 

Joel Fultz, St. Paul's, (Page) Va. 

J. R. Miller, St. Paul's, (Shenandoah) Va. 

D. F. Judy, St. William's, Va. 

D. F. Miller, Trinity, 

G. Sours, Grace, " 

J. J. Long, Zion, (Shenandoah) Va. 

Thos. E. Armentrout, McGaheysville, Va. 

Letters aud Petitions were called for aud presented and 
placed in the hands of a special Committee, constituted of 
Revs. J. M. Smith aud K. A. Yoder, for arrangement and 
classification. 

The President, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., read his annual 
report, which was received aud held for the Committee to be 
subsequently appointed. 

President's Report. 

Dear Brethren in Christ Jesus : — May grace, mercy, peace, from 
God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior, and the fellowship 
o$ the Holy Spirit, be and abide with us. 

It is through the kind, beneficent providence of our merciful Father in 
Leaven, that we have been permitted to pass through another Synodicai 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

year, safely, and to assemble again in the capacity of a deliberative body, 
in our Sixty -first annual Convention, in which we are enabled to meet each 
other with fraternal greetings, sympathize with each other, counsel and 
encourage each other, devise the best and most judicious means for pro- 
moting the Gospel, maintaining and perpetuating the sacred, saving and 
glorious truths and principles of our holy religion, in their purity and entire- 
ness, and for the upbuilding and extension of the Redeemer's Kingdom 
here on earth. 

We should rightly appreciate these privileges and blessings, devoutly 
raising our hearts, in gratitude and thankfulness, to the Father of Lights, 
the Giver of all Good, through Jesus Christ as the Mediator between him and 
us, and imploring him for a continuance of his blessings and tender mercies. 

The lives of all our ministerial brethren in connection with our Synod, 
have been preserved during the past Synodical year, whilst the deaths 
among our lay-members have been rather unusually numerous, especially 
among the more advanced in age. The health of our Synod, however, in 
a physical, moral, and spiritual point of view, may be regarded as alto- 
gether in a normal condition. 

Official Acts.— During the S3 r nodical year, we have performed few 
official acts. The changes, during the year, in our Synod have not been 
numerous. 

Relative to our beneficiaries, in pursuance of a resolution making ap- 
propriations, we issued an order on the Treasurer, Rev. T. Moser, in favor 
of Mr. D. A. Sox, of South Carolina, for One Hundred and Twenty-five 
Dollars; one on the same, in favor of Mr. Thomas E. Armentrout, of Vir- 
ginia, for One Hundred Dollars ; and one, on the same, in^favor of Mr. J. 
A. Rudisill, of North Carolina, for Fifty Dollars. 

Mr. Armentrout pursued his studies in the New Market Polytechnic 
Institute- The reports in regard to him are altogether satisfactory. At 
the late Commencement of said Institute, the degree of A. B. was con- 
ferred on him. 

Mr. Sox, we learn, pursued his studies in Concordia High School, at 
Conover, North Carolina, and so did Mr. Rudisill. 

1. We would recommend the consideration of the propriety of making 
appropriations in favor of these young men to enable them to continue to 
pursue their studies, if they desire so to do. 

2. We would recommend, that Synod take such action in regard to 
beneficiary education, as will, in its judgment, awaken a greater interest in 
our people in contributing towards this much needed work. 

Installation. — We requested Rev. A. L. Crouse, Summit, South Caro- 
lina, to install Rev. J. K. Efird, Kaughman's, South Carolina, into his 
charge, according to the forms of the Church. We learn he performed 
this solemn duty. 

In conclusion, we pray the Great Head of the Church, to preside over 
us, guiding us in the way of all truth and efficiency, so that our delibera- 



6 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

tions and transactions, as well as our individual ministrations, may con- 
tribute to the honor and glory of God, and the promotion of the Redeem- 
er's Kingdom. 

SOCRATES PIENKEL. 

The hours of eight o'clock in the morning and two in 
the afternoon were fixed for the opening of the sessions. 

During the intermission, Rev. A. L. Grouse, at the re- 
quest of the President, preached the sy nodical sermou. 
Text, JSTehemiah G, 3. 

SECOISTID SESSION. 

2 o'clock. 
The Synod convened immediately after the sermou. 
The roll was called. Revs. J. M. Smith and M. L. Little 
were appointed tellers, and the election for officers was 
held. 

Officers. 

Rev. A. J. Fox, M. D., President. 

Rev. L. A. Fox, D. D., Secretary. 

Rev. J. M. Smith, Cor. Secretary. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Treasurer. 

Rev. J. A. Snyder of the Va. Synod and Rev. H. Wet- 
zel were received as advisory members. 

The President announced the following 

Standing Committees: 

I. President's Report. — Revs. L. A. Fox, A. L. Crouse, 
and Mr. P. Killian. 

IT. Unfinished Business. — Revs. J. M. Smith, M. L. Lit- 
tle, and L. M. Zirkle, Esq. 

III. Letters and Petitions. — Revs, J. P. Stirewalt, R. 
A. Yoder, and Mr. C. M. Efird. 

IV. State of the Church. — Revs. L. A. Fox, A. L Crouse, 
and J. C. Moser. 

V. Treasurer's Beport — Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. W. 
Hausenfiuck, and Mr. C. M. Efird. 

VI. Beport of the Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund. — 
Revs. M. L. Fox, J. N. Stirewalt, and Mr. D. F. Judy. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

VII. Missions. — Revs. S. Henkel, J. K. Petersou, and 
A. L. Crouse. 

VIII. Examination. — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., L. A. 
Fox, D. D. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer by the Secretary. 

THIRD SESSION. 

Monday, Sept. 12, 8 o'clock. 

The session was opened with devotional exercises con- 
ducted by Rev. A. L. Crouse. The minutes of Saturday 
were read and adopted. 

A committee was appointed, on motion, to inquire iuto 
the expediency of placing monuments at the graves of Rev, 
Ambrose Henkel at New Market, Va. r and Rev. Philip 
Henkel at Richland Church, Randolph County, N. C. The 
committee, Revs. A. J. Fox and a. Henkel. 

The committee on Letters and Petitions reported, and 
the report was considered item by item. 

Report on Letters and Petitions. 

We your committee on Letters and Petitions submit 
the following report: 

1st. Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are letters from Revs. J. R. Peter- 
son, J. C. Moser, C. H. Bernheirn, J. A. Cromer, J. K. Efird, D. Efird, E. 
L. Lybrand and P. C. Henkel asking to be excused from this convention 
of Synod. We recommend that they be excused. 

2nd. In No. 2, Rev. J- C. Moser, as chairman of the committee for 
considering the propriety of receiving the Concordia High School into con- 
nection with this Synod, conveys the information that said committee is 
not prepared to report and requests that the same be continued. We rec- 
ommend that said committee be continued. 

3d. In No. 8, Rev. P. C. Henkel suggests that Synod consider the pro- 
priety of forming district Synods of the different Conferences in our con- 
nection. We recommend that said suggestion be considered. 

4th. No. 9 is a letter from Rev. W. H. Cone, Corresponding Delegate 
from the Evang. Luth. Synod of North Carolina, to this body, sending 
fraternal greetings, and expressing his sincere regrets that he is not able 
to be with us on account of ill health. We recommend that said letter be 
read before Synod. 

5th. Nos. 13 and 14 are petitions from Mt. Pleasant Church and Phila- 
delphia Church, Caldwell County, N. C, praying for the examination, and 



8 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

if found qualified, the ordination and services of Mr. D. A. Goodman. 
We recommend that their petitions be granted, and that the Revs. P. C. 
Henkel, J. M. Smith, and Rev. Yoder be the Committee to attend to this 
work at said Mt. Pleasant Church, at such time as said congregation 
deem most convenient. 

6th. Nos. 11 and 12 are petitions from St. Luke's, Lincoln Co., N. C, 
and St. Matthew's churches, King's Mountain, N. C , asking for the exam- 
ination, and, if found qualified, the ordination and services of Prof. W. P. 
Cliue. We recommend that said petitions be granted, and that a committee 
consisting of Revs. A. J. Fox and T. Moser be appointed to do said work. 

7th. No. 15 is a copy of Rules that Rev. J. R. Peterson requests to be 
added to the By-Laws of Synod. We recommend said addition. 

1. There shall be appointed at each annual meeting of Synod a com- 
mittee of three to be known as "The Mission Committee." 

2. It shall be the duty of this committee to report to Synod the mission 
work which shall be performed during the year of their appointment. 

3. It shall be the duty of the Secretaries of the several conferences of 
Synod to report to Synod all the mission work done by the conferences 
during the year, and into the hands of this committee these reports shall be 
placed. 

8th. No. 16 is a petition from the S. C. Con. of E. L. T. Synod and 
the members of St. Jacob's church, Lexington County, S. C, praying that 
the next session of Synod be held in said church. We recommend its 
adoption. 

9th. No. 18 is a letter from our beneficiary, Mr. J. A. Rudisill, asking 
an appropriation of $150 to pursue his studies at the Capital University, 
Columbus, O. We recommend that an appropriation of $50 be made, 
provided there be money enough, to the said J. A. Rudisill, and that he 
be directed to continue his studies in Concordia High School, Conover, 
North Carolina. 

10th. No- 18 is a letter from a few of the members of St. Peter's 
(Piney Woods) and St. Jacob's churches, S. C, relating to the unfavora- 
ble condition existing between the pastor and said members. 

In view of this unfavorable condition, and in view of the fact that the 
pastor's resignation has not been accepted, be it 

Resolved, That this Synod advise the disaffected parties to try to make 
some satisfactory agreement with the majority, whom, we learn, are in 
harmony with one another and the pastor. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
R. A. YODER, 
C. M. EFIRD. 

Item 1st. The recommendation sustained, and t lie fact 
noted in the clerical roil. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

Item 2ud. The committee was continued That com- 
mittee is composed of Bevs. J. C. Moser, S. Henkel, C. H. 
Bernheim, and Messrs. A. Costner and C. T. Sigmau. 

Item 3. The recommendation was not sustained. 

Item 4. The letter of Bev. W. BL Cone was read. 

Item 5. Adopted. 

Item 6. Adopted. 

Item 7. Adopted. 

Item 8. Adopted. The time was fixed fcr the Conven- 
tion at 10 o'clock, on Saturday before the third Sunday in 
October, 1882. 

Item 9. Adopted. 

Pending the consideration of the remaining part of the 
report the Synod adjourned. Benediction by the President. 

FOURTH SESSION. 

Monday, 2 o'clock. 

Synod met and was opened with prayer by Rev. J. M. 
Smith. 

Prof. J. S. Koiner was invited to a seat within the body. 

The Secretary was directed to publish the Order of 
Business in the Minutes. 

The rule of Synod requiring a written excuse was sus- 
pended and Bev. T. Moser was excused for absence from 
the present Convention. 

Item 10 of report on Letters and Petitions was recom- 
mitted. 

The Treasurer, Bev. J. M. Smith, submitted his report. 



10 E VANGE LICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE S YNOD. 

Treasurer's Report. 

Rev. J. M. SMITH in Account with 

J. M. SMITH. Dr. 

1880. 

Nov. 13. To amts. rec'd of different persons at different times .$ 60 70 

" cash of Rev. J. C. Moser 40 

" " amt. from former Treasurer 43 11 

" " amt. collected by former treasurers and handed to me 3 00 

$106 31 
1880. Ck. 

Dec. 34. By amt. paid Henkel & Co. for printing, binding, 

and mailing 800 copies of Minutes $ 40 61 

By amount to balance 65 60 

$106 31 
1881. 

Sept. 13. To bal. due Synod, in my hands, subject to its order $65 60 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, Treasurer. 

The Committee on Examination was announced by the 
President: Revs. S. Henkel, L. A. Fox, P. C. Henkel, T. 
Moser, A. L. Grouse, and D. Efird. 

The Committee on President's Report submitted a report 
which was considered by items. 

Report of Committee on President's Report. 

The Committee on the President's Report find two recommendations: 
1st. In reference to two students, Messrs. Sox and Rudisill, who have 
been receiving aid from the fund of beneficiary education, that appropria- 
tions be made for these young men to pursue their studies, if they desire 
to do so. We submit the following : 

Resolved, That the recommendation of the President be sustained, 
provided the funds of Synod will admit. 

3nd. That action be taken in regard to awakening greater interest in 
the work of beneficiary education. 

We recommend that a committee of three, of whom the President of 
Synod shall be one, be appointed to investigate this matter, and report to 
this convention of Synod. 

A. L. GROUSE, 
L. A. FOX, 
PHILIP KILLIAN. 
Item 1. Adopted. 

Item 2. Adopted, and the President having announced 
two other members, the committee was constituted of Revs. 
A. J. Fox, S. Henkel, and A. L. Crouse. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SY^OD. 11 

The Cooi m ittee on Unfinished Business reported, which 
was considered by items and then recommitted. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, the Committee on Unfinished Business, have examined the min- 
utes of last Synod and refer 

1. To page 11, and recommend that Synod inquire whether that com- 
mittee have performed their duty. 

2. To page 17, on proposed Amendments to Constitution and By-Laws 
of Synod to be disposed of. 

3. To page 7- a committee was appointed to prepare a form of an or- 
dination certificate. Has that committee performed that duty ? 

4 and 5. As to other items of business, we refer to the appointment of 
two committees, one to prepare a history of the Synod, and another to col- 
lect and have bound a file of the Minutes of this Synod, who have not as 
yet reported. Are they ready to report ? 

Respectfully, J. M. SMITH, 

M. L. LITTLE, 
L. M. ZIRKLE. 

Item 1. Already disposed of. 

Item 2. The consideration of the proposed amendments 
to the Constitution waspostpoued until the next convention 
of the Synod. 

Petitions having been presented orally for the ordina- 
tion of Prof. J. S. Koiner, his examination was appointed 
at eight o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Parochial reports were read. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer by Rev. I. Conder. 

In the evening, Rev. M. L. Pox preached ; text, Ephs. 
4, 4-6. Afterwards Synod engaged in special prayer for 
Rev. J. S. Benuick in his great affliction. 

FIFTH SESSION. 

Tuesday, 8 o'clock. 

Synod was called to order by the President, and was 
opened with prayer by Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck. Minutes 
of yesterday were read and adopted. 

A letter from Rev. T. Moser, containing his report as 
Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund and his excuse for ab- 
sence, was announced as haviug just been received. 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business continued its 
report. This in its completed form is found on a former 
page. 

Item 3. The committee, Kevs. S. Henkel and L. A.. Fox, 
was continued. 

Item 4. Dr. S. Heukel reported that he was still en- 
gaged in gathering material for the history of the Synod. 

Item 5. Dr. 8. Henkel reported that he had not been 
able to complete a file of the Minutes. 

The examination of Prof. J. S. Koiner was conducted 
in open Synod by the Committee of Examination. 

The examination beiug entirely satisfactory, the ordi- 
nation of Prof. Koiner was ordered at the close of the ordi- 
nation sermon. 

By action of Synod, the Presideut, Rev. A. J. Fox, was 
appointed to preach the ordination sermon, at 1£ o'clock 
to-day. 

The Report of the Committee on Treasurer's Report 
was read and adopted. 

Report of Committee on Treasurers Report. 

We your committee, appointed to examine the Treasurer's Report, 
submit the following : 

We have examined that paper and the vouchers which came into our 
hands, and report that it is correct. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. W. HAUSENFLUCK, 
C. M. EFIRD. 
Synod adjourned with prayer by Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 
During the recess, as by order of Synod, Rev. A. J. 
Fox preached the ordination sermon — text, 1 Tim. 4,16; 
and Prof. J. S. Koiner was ordained Pastor. 

SIXTH SESSIOIST. 

Tuesday, 2 o'clock. 

Immediately after the ordination the Synod was called 
to order. 

The committee on Letters and Petitions reported the 
item recommitted. As finally adopted it is found in the 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

report on another page. Rev. A. L. Crouse was excused 
from voting. 

The Committee on the Report of the Treasurer of Bene- 
ficiary Fund was received and adopted. 

Report on Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

We your Committee on Treasurer's Report of Beneficiary Fund have 
examined said report and find it to be correct. 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. FOX, 

J. N. STIREWALT. 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

T. MOSER, Teeasueee of Beneficiary Fund, 

In account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1880. Dr. 
Nov. 11, To cash on hand $286 75 

" " " " From Rev. J. R. Peterson 16 35 

" J. W. Craps 7 06 

" E. L. Lybrand 18 00 

" J.Cromer 4 25 

1881. Dec. 17, To cash from J. K. Efird 14 45 

Amount $346 86 

In the hands of Rev. S. Henkel. 

1880. Dr . 

" Nov. 11, To cash on hand $56 40 

" Dec. 3, " " from Rev. J. N Stirewalt 4 3 

1881.Feb.16, " <• " Rev. P. Stirewalt . 3 44 

Amount $63 97 

1881. Cr. 
Feb. 16, By cash paid Thos. E. Armentrout....$ 63 97 

1880. Nov. 15, By cash paid D. A. Sox 125 00 

1881. Feb. 16, By cash paid Thos. E. Armentrout 36 03 
" July 28, By cash paid J. A. Rudisill, 50 00 

Amount $211.03 

Balance in my hands $135 83 

Deduct for postage 13 

T. MOSER, Treas. Ben. Fund. 



if it 

1 1 1 1 
n ii 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. T. Moser was unanimously re-elected Treasurer of 
the Beneficiary Fund. 

Responses were made to the call of President as to com- 
pliance with the standing resolution concerning Benefi- 
ciary Education. 

Synod adjourned with prayer by Kev. J. N. Stirewalt. 

In the evening, Rev. M. L. Little preached. Text, 
John 2: 5. 

SE-VElSTTIEi SESSION. 

Wednesday, 8 o'clock. 
Synod was opened with prayer by Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 
The Miuutes of yesterday were read and adopted. 
Report of Committee on Awakening Greater Interest 
in Beneficiary Education was adopted. 

We the Committee, appointed to report on the recommendation of the 
Committee on the President's report, in regard to awaking a greater interest 
in Beneficiary Education, would submit the following : 

That a Committee of one be appointed in each Conference whose duty 
it shall be to call, by correspondence or otherwise, attention to the duties 
relative to this important matter, urging the congregations, through the 
Ministers or in any other way, to consider the propriety of aiding with their 
substance this much needed work, by contributing liberally : or to devise 
some systematic plan for raising means for such purpose, putting them in 
remembrance of these duties and privileges. 

S. HENKEL, 

A. J. FOX, 

A. L. CROUSE. 

The Committee was appointed, Revs. J. N. Stirewalt, 
J. M. Smith, A. L. Grouse. 

The Committee on Missions reported which was 
adopted. 

We the Committee appointed to report on Home Mission Work, as re- 
ported by the Secretaries of the Conferences in connection with this Synod, 
would submit the following : 

1. The Secretary of the South Carolina Conference reports that some 
money has been raised for Home Missionary Work, that one point has re- 
ceived some means, and the Executive Committee are endeavoring to 
establish other missions, and that one of the ministers is performing mis- 
sion work without material aid from the Society. The prospects are 
favorable. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

2. The Secretary of the Virginia Special Conference reports, that steps 
have been taken to inaugurate a regular plan for carrying on Home Mis- 
sion Work in a systematic way, that the work has been progressing steadily, 
that various points have been selected, that work has been commenced at 
them, that the indications are encouraging, that there are still other points 
which will receive due attention, that collections have been taken to aid 
the work, and that object is, as soon as practicable, to put a Home Mis- 
sionary in the field with the hope, that the congregations in connection 
with Conference will be induced to support such a laborer. 

3. The Secretary of the North Carolina Conference, has sent no re- 
port, and hence we are unable to report anything in regard to that Con- 
ference. S. HENKEL, 

A. L. CROUSE, 
J. M. SMITH. 

The Committee on the State of the Church submitted 
the following which was adopted. 

Report on the State of the Church. 

A report on the State of the Church is difficult to make. A number 
of congregations obey the rule of the Synod, and make offLeial reports, but 
a majority do not. We are compelled to draw very largely upon our gen- 
eral information of the condition of our churches and such facts as we may 
gather from Parochial reports and the statement of brethren in attend- 
ance. Were it in the province of your Committee, we would urge a more 
general respect to this rule, so important to our acquaintance with the real 
state of our churches. 

It is difficult also to avoid evasive generalities, — words that gloss over 
the true condition, and give no true and practical idea of it. It is easy to 
say that there have been lights and shadows, successes and reverses, pro- 
gress yet not perfect work. This would be a correct statement, but not 
particular enough to enable us to lay hand upon those things that retard 
and positively injure, and correct them. If there is disease, it is better for 
us to confess it frankly to ourselves and apply the remedy. 

In looking over the general field, we are encouraged. There are mani- 
fest signs of life, and in nothing does that life reveal itself more than in 
the consciousness of the need of a better state. The evils are great enough 
to make the living deplore them, but small enough to be overlooked or uu- 
felt by the dying. 

Many of our congregations are prosperous. Their pastors labor with 
success. The Sunday schools are carried on with efficiency. The number 
of communicants is every year increased. A fact worthy of notice is, that 
the most prosperous congregations in the bounds of the Synod are in those 
very sections where there seems to be the most of difficulty, showing that 
w hatever of disease there may be, it is not of the vital organs. Nowhere, 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

however is there a benevolence at all commensurate with the wants of the 
church. We are compelled to acknowledge that the contributions to our 
treasurers are very far below the abilities of the people. Our pastors are very 
inadequately supported, necessitating a division of time and labor greatly 
to the detriment of the church. There is need of much more money for 
missionary work. The time has come when the people must feel that not 
the ministry alone but they also were commissioned to carry the Gospel to 
the whole creation, and that the ministry must not do the work and bear 
the expense also but that they must help by giving. If there was such a 
spirit of sacrifice among the people as is among,our ministry — if they gave 
only half as much what a full and outflowing treasury we should have ! 

Of Virginia we can report favorably. There is entire concord among 
the minister. Our brethren dwell in fraternal love. For ten years there 
has not been a single thing that bore the least semblance of discord. The 
spirit of mutual respect, concession and forbearance makes their association 
beautiful. Our congregations are slowly building up, and through our 
missionary efforts new ones are in the process of formation. Our relations 
with other religious bodies are such that there are very few conflicts be- 
tween us and them. We carefulty avoid encroachments upon the common 
rights of men and we are suffering perhaps less and less every year from 
such encroachments upon our rights. We are very far from what we 
might and ought to be, but yet we are seeking by labor and prayer to ad- 
vance towards perfection. The greatest hindrance to our work during the 
year has been the sad affliction of one of our most active and successful 
ministers, which has deprived his congregations of his regular service. 
Our progress is hindered much by a disposition of young men to go West 
and in some communities our losses in this way nearly equal our gains by 
confirmation. A division of a few of our pastorates would be greatly to 
their advantage. Instead of seven ministers there ought to be ten or 
twelve. The people however do not see their ability to support so many. 

In N. C in some respects the state of the church is a sad one. Many 
of our pastorates are too large. As many as six congregations have only 
one pastor, and preaching on the Lord's day at some of the churches is had 
only once in two months. No man can care properly for such a large field. 
Some of the pastorates are very badly arranged. Some of the pastors go 
about twenty miles to preach to churches at the door of other pastors. A 
better division of labor ought by all means to be effected. More ministers 
could profitably to the church be engaged. The saddest feature is the 
alienation of feeliug which exists between some of the ministers. 

There is some divergence in opinion that prevents hearty co-operation 
but the chief difficulty is personal. There is not that respect for each other 
which ought to be felt among neighbors and among ministers. Brotherly 
love is suspended if not destroyed. These unpleasant relations now be- 
come known and the effects upon the Church are seen and will continually 
increase unless they be adjusted. Your committee would willingly step 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

beyond its province and suggest a remedy if it were able. We must sadly 
ask with the prophet, "Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician 
there ?" 

There is a want of united effort in Church work. From some cause 
they do not heartily and earnestly concentrate upon mission work nor upon 
any general enterprise. Divided forces are always feeble. 

There comes a complaint of a lack of efficiency in Sunday-School 
work. 

There comes also a lamentation of a lack of interest in literature. The 
people do not read as they should the church periodicals and the valuable 
books which could so easily be procured. There is a consequent lack of 
information and interest in the church beyond their own communities. 

The absence of the member of the committee from S. C. deprives us 
of an adequate report from the congregations of that State. We know 
however that the old difficulties so often brought to the attention of the 
synod still exist. It is to be hoped that they are to some extent diminish- 
ing. We can only pray that by another year that they be forever destroy- 
ed. In a matter so long standing there must be mutual wrong and there 
is need of mutual concession and forbearance. Peace must be sought at a 
sacrifice and when so great damage comes to the cause of Christ great sac- 
rifices ought to be made. 

There is alienation also among the ministers. What shall be said 
when there is no effort at reconciliation, no spirit of confession, none of 
forgiveness? What would Paul say ? Possibly his rebuke would be more 
burning than of the lately converted Gentile Christian at Corinth. 

We can in conclusion only express our regret that we can not present 
a fuller and more favorable report. L. A. FOX, 

R. A. YODER. 

The followiug resolution submitted by Prof. E. A. Yo- 
der was adopted : 

Whekeas, the spiritual interests of the colored people, in our territory 
as elsewhere, are sadly neglected, and, 

Whereas, their worship, where they have any at all, partakes more of 
the form of heathenism than Christianity, be it 

Resolved, That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in their 
power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, lecturing, 
and catechisatiou, with a view sooner or later of getting men of their own 
color to look after the spiri tual interests of their race in connection with 
the Lutheran church. 

Synod adjourned with prayer by Prof. Yoder. 



18 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 

Wednesday, 2 o'clock. 

Synod was opened with prayer by Rev. J. M. Smith. 
The roll was called. 

The committee on the matter of monuments for the 
graves of fathers Heukel, not being prepared to report, 
was continued. 

Rev. A. J. Fox was appointed delegate to the ET. C. synod. 

An appropriation of $50 was made to J. A. Rudisill, 
provided he continue his studies in Concordia High School. 

No application was made by Mr. Sox. 

An appropriation of $140 was made to T. E. Armen- 
trout, to continue his literary studies in Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, New Market, Va. 

The following resolutions of thanks and in regard to the 
number of minutes to be printed was adopted: 

Resolved, That the hearty thanks of the Synod be unanimously ten- 
dered to the pastor and members of Emmanuel congregation, and other 
friends of the town of New Market and vicinity for their fraternal recep- 
tion, kind and excellent entertainment of the members during their stay 
among them. 

Resolved, That the President of Synod read this resolution, accompa- 
nied with suitable remarks, at the close of services to-night. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Synod be tendered to the officers of 
the B. & O. R. R. Company, and of the different Clyde lines passed over, 
for their kindness in giving members reduced fare over their roads. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of the 
minutes of this convention of Synod printed to supply the calls for them, 
and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies, each general 
body of Lutherans in this country one copy, our institutions of learning 
one copy each, our Lutheran publications two copies each, and our Bene- 
ficiaries one copy each. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time aud place before 
selected. 

Iu the evening the Secretary preached a sermon, after 

which the President led the Synod iu prayer and pronounced 

the convention formally adjourned. 

L. A. FOX, Secretary. 

Note. — The publishers received a postal from Mr. J. A. Rudisill, iu 
which he states that he will be able to get through the present year with- 
out the appropriation made by Synod for him at its last sitting, and requests 
us to note the fact. 



SERMONS. 



Saturday. 
Morning : Synodical Sermon, Rev. A. L. Crouse, Text, 
Deb. 6, 3. 

Evening: Rev. J. M. Smith, St. Mark 16, 15-16. 

Sunday. 

Morning: Emmanuel, Rev. A. J. Fox, St. John 15, 1-7. 
St. Matthew, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder. Forestville, Rev. L. 
A. Fox. 

Evening: Emmauuel, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Rom. 1, 
16. Methodist church, Rev. Jno. K. Stirewalt, Ps. 119, 80. 

Monday. 
Evening: Rev. M. L. Fox, Eph. 4, 4-6. 

Tuesday. 
Noon: Ordination sermon, Rev. A. J. Fox, 1 Tim. 4,16. 
Evening: Sermon, Rev. M. L. Little, St. John 2, 5. 



Note.— This report is very incomplete, in many particulars, and does 
not show the full strength of, and the actual work done by, the Synod. 
Some failing to make full reports. 











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ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.- Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of La3 r -Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8.— Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DATS. 
1. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling the Roll. 
3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Reports of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved. That each of our Pastors be earnestly requested, to preach at 
least one sermon in each of his congregations, annually, upon the subject 
of Beneficiary Education, and other benevolent enterprises, and report to 
the next succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to send, 
to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the condition of 
the congregation. ■ 

Whekeas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to their 
confirmation, is, iri some places, falling into disuse, and rather a loose cus- 
tom of receiving uncatechised persons into the church, without the slight- 
est examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge and other 
qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by some ; be it, 
therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers and congre- 
gations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who make 
application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechi- 
sation, in the doctrines and usages of our church, previous to their confir- 
mation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons of age and ex- 
perience make application, or such young persons as have been so favorably 
situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted with and to 
have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, seek church priv- 
ileges, we recommend that their request be granted ; but, in no case, until 
such persons have been examined by the pastor, before the council, and 
have been approved by them. 



THEOLOGICAL COURSE 

FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS. 

Home's Introduction. 
Kurtz's Sacred History. 
Kurtz's Church History. 
Hutter's Compend. 
Book of Concord. 
Knapp's Theology. 
Krauth's Conservative Reformation. 
Schmidt's Dogmatics. 
Mann's Schmidt's Ethics. 
Vinet's Homiletics. 
Riply's Sacred Rhetoric. 
Vinet's Pastoral Theology. 

Instruction most be given in Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesiastical 
Polity. 



INDEX. 



Clerical Roll, 3 

Committee on Missions, 2 

Committee on the State of the Church, 2 

Committee on Examination, 2 

Index, 23 

Lay-Delegates 4 

Officers of Synod, 2 

President's Report, 4-G 

Parochial Report, 20 

Place of next Meeting, 2 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions, 7-8 

Report of Committee on President's Report, 10 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business, 11 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report, 12 

Report of Committee on Report of Treas. Beneficiary Fund, 13 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 13 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church, 15-17 

Resolution Concerning colored People, 17 

Standing Committees, 6-7 

Sermons, 19 

Standing Resolutions, 22 

Treasurer's Report, 10 

Theological Course, 22 

Time of next Meeting, 2 



BOOKS, PAPEES, ETC. 



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MINUTES 



SIXTY-SECOND ANNUAL CONVENTION 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD 



HELD IN 



ST. JACOB CHURCH, LEXINGTON CO., S. C, 



OCTOBER 14-18, 1882, 



henkel & co., printers, new market, va.: 
Office of Shenandoah Valley and Our Church Paper. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD, 



President— Rev. S. HENKEL, D. D., New Market, Va. 

Secretary— Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT, New Market, Va. 

Cor. Secretary— Rev. J. M. SMITH,. Couover, N. C. 

Treasurer— Rev. M. L. LITTLE, Dallas, N. C. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Missions : 

Revs. Dr. A. J. Fox, J. R. Peterson, A. L. Crof/se. 

On State of the Church : 
Revs. A. L. Crouse, J. C. Moser, J. K. Efird. 

On Examination : 

Revs. J. M. Smith, J. C. Moser, A. L. Crotjse, J. N. Stirewalt, 

J. K. Efird, E. L. Lybrand. 

PLACE AND TIME OF THE NEXT MEETING : 
The next Convention will be held in Concordia Church, Conover, 
Catawba County, N. C, commencing on Saturday before the first full 
moon in October, 1883. 






PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTY-SECOND ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



Lexington County, S. O, ) 
Oct. 11, 1SS2. | 

The Evangelical Lutheean Tennessee Synod con- 
vened in its Sixty-Second Annual Session in St. Jacob 
Church, Lexington County, S. C, on Saturday, October 11, 
1882. The congregation being vacant, Eev. A. L. Crouse, at 
the request of the Council, conducted devotional exercises. 
The President, Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, preached the Synodical 
Sermon from 1 Cor. 4, 1, 2. 

The Secretary being absent, Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt was 
appointed Secretary, pro tern. The clerical roll was called 
aud the absentees noted. 

Roil of Ministers. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. A. J. Fox, M. D., Lincolnton, N C. 

2 " P. C. Hrnkel, Conover, " 

3 " J. R. Peterson, Dallas, " 

4 " T. Moser,* Mt. Pleasant, N..C. 

5 " D. Efird, Pine Ridge, S. C. 

6 " S. Henkel, D. D., New Market, Va. 

7 " C. H. BERNHEiM.t Lexington, N C. 

8 " J. M. Smith,! Conover, 

9 " I. Condee, McGaheysville, Va. 

10 " L. A. Fox, D. D.,* Salem, Va. 

11 " J. N. Stirewalt,! Stony Man, Va. 

12 " A. L. Crouse, Waynesboro, " 

13 " M. L. Fox, M. D.,t Conover, N. C. 

*Excused. t Not excused. 



4 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Names. Residences. 

14 Rev. J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

15 " M. L. Little, Dallas, N. C. 

16 " J. C. Moser,* Conover, " 

17 " J. W. Hausenfluck,* Alma, Va. 

18 " J. K. Efikd, Caughman's Store, 8. C. 

19 il J. A. Cromer, Columbia, S. C. 

20 " E. L. Lybrand,.... " " 

21 " R. A. Yoder,* Conover, N. C. 

22 " J. S. Koiner, Conover, N. C. 

23 " D. A. Goodman, Gamewell, N. C. 

24 " W. P. Cline, Newton, N. C. 

Candidates for the Ministry. 

Mr. D. J. Suttlemyer, Dallas, N. C. 

Mr. J. A. Rudisill, Jug Town, N. C. 

Mr. T. E. Armentrout, Waynesboro', Va. 

Beneficiaries. 

Mr. P. C. Wyr-e, Conover, N. C. 

Mr. D. A. Sox, Conover, N. C. 

The following Lay-Delegates presented evidences of their 
election and their names were enrolled as members of Synod. 

Lay-Delegates- 

Names. Churches Represented. 

Dr. J. W. Eargle, St. Jacob, South Carolina. 

Carroll Bookman, Bethlehem, " " 

Tnos. N. Epting, St, John, 

C. M. Efird, St. Peter's, (Piny Woods) South Carolina. 

Col. G. H. Chapman, ...St. Thomas, South Carolina. 

Lewis Siiealey, ...St. James, " " 

A. L. Eargle, Cedar Grove, " " 

E. S. Seask, St. Paul's, 

Maj. H. A. MEETZE,....St. Peter's, (Meetze) South Carolina. 

Geo. S. Drafts, Zion, South Carolina. 

J. P. Price, Emmanuel, South Carolina. 

Emmanuel LAMiNACK,.St. Michael, Alabama. 

C. B. Sikes Emmanuel and Morning Star, N. C. 

Q. Y. Stroup, Christ and Sharon, N. C. 

Jacob K. Rhyne, Trinity, St. Mark, and Philadelphia, N. C. 

A. J. Cansler, Grace, Salem, St. Luke, Holy Trinity, N. C. 

P. C. Wyke, St. Stephen, St. Peter, Friendship, Salem, N. C 

W. A. Smith, St. John, St. Paul, Piny Grove, N. C. 

D. A. Sox, St. James, Concordia, N. C. 

*Excused. tNot Excused. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

The Rule of Order concerning the reading of the Presi- 
dent's Eeport was suspended. 

Revs. A. L. Grouse and J. S. Koiner were appointed tel- 
lers, and an election for officers was held with the following 
result : 

Rev. S. Henkel, I). D., - - - President. 
" J. Paul Stirewalt, - - - Rec. Secretary. 

" J. M. Smith, Cor. Secretary. 

" M. L. Little, ----- Treasurer. 

The President, Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, read his Annual Re- 
port, which was received and properly reserved for the Com- 
mittee yet to be appointed. 

President's Annua! Report. 

Dear Bhetitren in Cueist : — In the course of events, another year 
in the history of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, has passed. 
And in the Providence of our kind Heavenly Father, some of us are, once 
more, permitted to assemble ourselves together in Synodical Convention — 
professedly to confer with each other, and deliberate upon the best means 
by which the great interests of that portion of the Church of Christ 
committed to our care, may be best promoted. It is to be sincerely hoped, 
that noDe of us have come here with any feelings or motives contrary to 
the Holy Religion we profess; for in its beneficent provisions, that Re- 
ligion utterly precludes all merely ambitious and selfish aspirations. 
jNothing but pure love to God, and an ardent desire for the salvation of 
our fellow men, should be allowed to actuate any one in the work of 
meetings of this kind. 

We should be sincerely grateful to the Great Head of the Church for 
the special care he has exercised over us, during the year that has gone by, 
as well as for the many years of oar former existence, as a Synod. With 
one single exception, the lives and a reasonable degree of health have been 
preserved to all the Ministers of our connection, since we were last as- 
sembled ; and that all have been permitted in some way, to some extent, 
to be engaged in the great work of our Divine Master. 

Official Acts. — The rule of custom, as well as the law of our Synod, re- 
quire me, as the Presiding Officer of this Synod, to render some account 
of my official transactions daring the year now ended. There seems to me 
to be seme considerable defect in this matter, which may be the result of 
some oversight or misapprehension in regard to making the necessary re- 
ports to, and demands upon, the Presiding Officer of Synod, which will 
enable him to make a correct statement of what things may have trans- 
pired during his term of office within the bounds of Synod. At any rate, 



(! EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

such reports are often very defective, for the want of proper data. On this 
account, this report must necessarily be very imperfect. 

Some time after the last Convention of Synod, I received a letter from 
our beneficiary, Thomas E. Armentrout, requesting me to issue an order 
upon the Treasurer of this Synod for the amount appropriated to him by a 
resolution of last Convention. I immediately sent an order to him for One 
Huudred and Forty Dollars ($140.00), which I presume he received indue 
time, though I have heard nothing from him since. 

The appropriation made to J. A. Kudisill of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) 
has not been called for. 

Some time last Spring, I received a communication from Rev. W. M. 
Gilbreath, a member of the East Ohio Synod, asking for a copy of the 
Constitution and By-Laws of our Synod ; and stating that he and his con- 
gregations were somewhat dissatisfied with their Synodical relations, and 
were thinking of asking a connection with this Synod. I immediately for- 
warded to him the required documents, and asked for a copy of the Minutes 
of the last Convention of his Synod. Soon afterwards, I received the Minutes, 
but otherwise have heard nothing from him. 

On the 9th day of October, 1881, I resigned my Pastoral connection with 
St. Luke's Church, Lincoln County, N. O, and Eev. W. P. Cline was 
immediately elected as my successor, and as he was present he accepted 
the call. On the day following he was publicly ordained, as per order of 
Synod, and being President this year, by request of the congregation and 
consent of the Pastor-elect, in obedience to a rule of Synod, I also publicly 
installed him as Pastor of the congregation. 

On the 22nd day of last April, I publicly installed the officers of a new 
congregation at Mt. Holley, in Gaston County, N. C. On the day following, 
by request, I dedicated a new house of worship at that place, and it re- 
ceived the name of the place — Mount Holley. Prof. Junius B. Fox, a 
candidate for the Ministry, is supplying them with regular, monthly ser- 
vices. Our prospects there are truly flattering. 

Some time last July, I received a communication from Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
informing me that he had received and accepted a call from Bethlehem E. 
L. Congregation, near Waynesboro, Augusta County, Va., which had lately 
become vacant by the resignation of Rev. L. A. Fox, D. D., to accept a call 
to the Professorship of Mental and Moral Science in Roanoke College. In 
obedience to the custom of Lutheran Synods, as well as to comply with a 
special rule adopted by this Synod at her Convention in 1872, he requested 
me, as the President of Synod, to appoint a committee to regularly install 
him Pastor of said congregation at an early day. I immediately wrote to 
Revs. Prof. L. A. Fox, D. D., and Irenaeus Conder, appointing them to 
perform this duty. Soon after I received a letter from Prof. L. A. Fox, 
stating that it would not be convenient for him to discharge the duty as- 
signed the committee, very soon, but would do so as soon as convenient. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

Since then I have not heard from any of the parties concerned, but I have 
no doubt that if the thing has not yet been done, in due time it will be at- 
tended to. 

In his communication, Rev. Crouse also informs me, that by his re- 
moval bis late Pastorate — St. James' and St. Thomas' congregations, in 
Lexington County, S. C, are rendered vacant. 

Some time in the month of August, I received a communication from 
Rev. Daniel Efird, officially informing me that he has resigned the Pas- 
toral oversight of his congregations — St. John's, St. Peter's, St. Jacob's, 
and Bethlehem Churches, in Lexington County, S. C, and that they are 
consequently vacaat. 

Early in this month, I received a postal from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 
officially informing me that he has resigned his former Pastorate, and has 
accepted a call from the late Pastorate of our deceased and much lamented 
brother, Rev. J. S. Bennick. He also informed me that his late Pastorate 
is now vacant, and that St. Stephen's Church, near Strasburg, until lately 
in connection with the Concordia District of the Ohio Synod, has severed 
its connection with that Synod and united with his former Pastorate, and 
will apply for admission into this Synod at its present Convention. 

Very lately I received a letter from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, inform- 
ing me that he has within the last synodical year organized two new con- 
gregations, and added them to his Pastorate, viz. : Alma Fairview and 
Cedar Point, which will make application to be received into connection 
with this Synod during this Convention. 

Inasmuch as the 3rd Section of Art. I. of the By-Laws of this Synod 
require the President " to make a statement of all important events that 
have occurred relating to Synod, which may have come to his knowledge," 
I feel it my duty to report some additional things which have occurred, 
and, properly, should have been officially reported to me, but by some 
means have not been furnished me; — having seen some of them stated in 
the public prints, and heard of others from reliable sources : 

I have heard that Revs. J. S. Koiner, J. C. Moser and Dr. M. L. Fox 
have removed from their former places of residence, and that the two 
former have taken, each, a Professorship in Concordia College, and the 
latter also resides at Conover. 

I have also learned, that by the removal of Rev. J. C. Moser, his late 
Pastorate, consistingof St. Mark's, Mount Moriah and Phanuel's Churches, 
in Rowan County, N. C, and Morning Star, in Mecklenburg, and Em- 
manuel's, in Union, County, N. C, have become vacant: I have, how- 
ever, heard that Rev. J. R. Peterson has taken a temporary oversight of 
the two latter Churches. 

I am credibly informed that Prof. J. C. Moser is regularly serving 
Sharon's and St. Martin's Churches, in Iredell County, 1ST. C. 

Although I was the Presiding Officer of Synod, I was not aware that 



8 EVANGELICAL, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. J. S. Koiner had been installed as Pastor of Zion's Church, until I 
saw it stated in the columns of Our Church Paper. 

I have no official notice of the facts, but have seen it stated in Our 
Church Paper, that Houses of Worship have been dedicated during the 
year in Mt. Pleasant Congregation, Wautauga County, N. C, and in Bold 
Spring Congregation, Caldwell County, N. C, and also in Philadelphia 
Congregation, Caldwell County, N. C. 

I have also learned, that the corner-stone was laid some time ago, and 
that a new House of Worship is being constructed in Pilgrim's Congrega- 
tion, Davidson County, N- C. 

I am informed that Concordia College, at Conover, N. C, has a fair 
patronage and enjoys a reasonable degree of prosperity. 

Through the columns of Our Church Paper, I learned soon after it 
occurred, that Rev. J. S. Bennick, our highly esteemed fellow-laborer in 
the vineyard of our Lord, departed this life within the last synodical year. 
I would recommend the appointment of a suitable committee to prepare a 
suitable report to his memory for publication in our Minutes, and also in 
the columns of Our Church Paper. 

These, dear brethren, are the facts I have felt it my duty to lay before 
you in this report. There are some things I would like to recommend in 
addition to these statements, but the report is already a very lengthy one. 

Now, permit me to surrender the Chair you so kindly placed me in, 
and humbly hope that upon whom you devolve its duties for the next 
year, may be better able to discharge them than I have been. 

Respectfully submitted, A. J. FOX. 

Letters, Petitions, and Papers, addressed to Synod, were 
called for and presented, to be placed in the hands of a Com- 
mittee, consisting of Revs. J. R. Peterson and M. L. Little, 
for arrangement and classification. 

The President announced the following 

Standing Connmiiteas : 

I. On Missions. — Revs. Dr. A. J. Fox, J. R. Peterson, 
and A. L. Crouse. 

II. On State of the Church. — Revs. A. L. Crouse, J. 
C. Moser, and J. K. Efird. 

III. On Examination. — Revs. J. M. Smith, J. C. Moser, 
A. L. Crouse, J. N. Stirewalt, J. K. Eftrd, and E. L. Lybrand. 

IV. On President's Report. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, I. 
Conder, and Maj. H. A. Meetze. 

V. On Treasurers' Reports. — Maj. II. A. Meetze and 
Rev. E. L. Lybrand. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

VI. On Unfinished Business. — Eevs. A. J. Fox, J. P. 
Stirewalt, and Mr. C. M. Eflrd. 

VII. On Letters and Petitions. — Eevs. M. L. Little, 
J. A. Cromer, and Col. G-. H. Chapman. 

VIII. On Committee on Examination of Candi- 
dates for the Ministry. — Eevs. P. C. Henkel, J. S. Koin- 
er, and I. Conder. 

IX. On Ordination. — Eevs. A. J. Fox, J. E. Peterson. 
The hours of 9 A. M., 12 M., 2 P. M., and 4 P. M., were 

fixed as the hours of opening and closing the sessions. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet on Monday at 9 
o'clock. Benediction by Dr. S. Henkel. 

SEaOlSTD SESSION. 

Monday, Oct. 10, 9 A. M. 

Session was opened with devotional exercises, conducted 
by Eev. J. E. Peterson. 

The Minutes of Saturday were read and adopted. 

Eev. Peter Miller, Corresponding-Delegate from the 
South Carolina Synod, was received and invited to a seat 
within the bar of Synod. 

On motion, St. David's Congregation, Shenandoah Co., 
Va., and Mt. Nebo Congregation, Eochelle, Madison Co., 
Va., were received into connection with our Synod. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business submitted the 
following report, which was received and acted upon by 
items, and then recommitted. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, the Committee on Unfinished Business, make the following 
report : 

Item 1. On page 7, we find a Committee, consisting of Rev. Dr. A. J 
Fox and Rev. Dr. S. Henkel, appointed to inquire into the expediency of 
erecting tombstones at the graves of Rev. Ambrose Henkel, New Market, 
Va., and Rev. Phil. Henkel, Richland Church, Randolph County, N. C. 
Is that Committee ready to report ? 

Item 2. On same page, we find a Committee appointed, of which 
Rev. P. C. Henkel is Chairman, to examine and, if found qualified, to 
ordain Mr. D. A. Goodman to the office of Pastor. Has that Committee 
discharged its duty ? 



10 " EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Item 3. On page 8, a Committee, of which Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox is 
Chairman, was appointed to examine and, if found qualified, to ordain 
Prof. W. P. Cline to the office of Pastor. Has this been done ? 

Item 4. On page 11, we find the proposed amendments to the Consti- 
tution and By-Laws of Synod were postponed until this meeting of Synod. 
Item 5. Ou page 12, we find that a Committee, consisting of Rev. S. 
Henkel and Rev. L. A. Fox, was appointed to prepare a form of an Ordi- 
nation Certificate. Is this Committee prepared to report ? 

Item 6. On same page, we find that a Committee, of which Rev. J. 
N. Stirewalt is Chairman, was appointed to memorialize the Ministers and 
people on the subject of Beneficiary Education. 

Respectfully, ' A. J. FOX, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
C. M. EFIRD. 

Item 1. Not complied with. The Committee was con- 
tinued with the substitution of Rev. A. L. Grouse for Rev. 
S. Henkel. 

Item 2. Complied with, and the name of Mr. D. A. Good- 
man was recorded in the clerical roll. 

Item 3. Complied with, and the following Report of the 
Committee on the Ordination of Candidate W. P. Cline, was 
received and adopted. 

Report of Committee on Ordination of Candidate, W. P. Cline. 

As Chairman of your Committee, I beg leave to submit the following: 
After consulting Hev. T. Moser the other member of the Committee, 
Mr. Cline, and the Congregation at St. Luke's, Lincoln County, N. C, I 
made an appointment, for the purposes designed by the appointment of the 
Committee, at that place, on the 11th day of December, 1881. At the time 
agreed upon, I went to the place appointed, and met Mr. Cline and the 
Congregation assembled, but Rev. T. Moser, the other member of the 
Committee, failed to meet us ; as he soon afterwards informed me, on ac- 
count of ill-health. Mr. Cline and the Congregation were anxious to pro- 
ceed in the work for which we were assembled. Being alone as I was, I 
felt considerable hesitancy in regard to the matter ; but inasmuch as Mr. 
Cline had been preaching statedly for those people, and as it was under- 
stood that immediately after his ordination he would take the Pastoral 
oversight of the Congregation, I, at length, proposed to the Officers 
of the Congregation, that I would do as they desired, provided they 
would join me in conducting a public examination of the candidate, 
and in the event we should find him qualified to bear the office of the Min- 
istry, and with me, subscribe a certificate of ordination. In view of his 
probably becoming their Pastor, they readily consented. His examination 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

proved entirely satisfactory. He was found well qualified, both in Literary 
and Theological attainment. On the day following he was publicly cou- 
secrated, in the manner and form prescribed iu our Lutheran Liturgy, and 
received his credentials, signed by the Chairman of the Committee and 
the Officers of the Congregation. 

Should these transactions be approved by the Synod, his name should 
be placed upon our regular Catalogue of Ministers. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX, 
Chairman of Committee. 

Item 4. In regard to this item the motion was sus- 
tained, and the Committee consists of Revs. S. Henkel, 
D. D., A. L. Cronse, P. C. Henkel, T. Moser, and Prof. P. A. 
Yoder. 

Moved, That the proposed amendments to the Consti- 
tution of Synod be entrusted to a Committee whose duty it 
shall be to consider them and report at the convention of 
Synod next year. 

Item 5. Not complied with. The Committee was dis- 
charged. Bevs. J. B. Peterson and M. L. Little were consti- 
tuted a Committee to prepare a form of Ordination Certi- 
ficate. 

Item 6. Complied with, and a Committee, composed of 
Bevs. A. J. Fox and J. P. Stirewalt, was appointed to call 
the attention of Ministers and people in our connection, by 
letter, or otherwise, to the subject of Beneficiary Education, 
urging upon them its importance and their duty. 

The Committee on President's Beport submitted a re- 
port, which was considered by items. 

We, your Committee, appointed to examine and report on the Presi- 
dent's Report, find nothing in that document requiring our action, except 
his reference to the death of our lamented brother, Rev. J. 8. Bennick, 
and we recommend, that a Committee of three be appointed to report reso- 
lutions of this sad event. Respectfully submitted. 

J. R. PETERSON, 
I. CONDER, 
HENRY A. MEETZE. 

Item 1. Sustained, and the President appointed Bevs. 
J. B. Peterson, I. Conder and J. P. Stirewalt, to prepare the 
resolutions on the death of Rev. J. S. Bennick. 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

St. Stephen's Congregation, Shenandoah Comity, Va., 
Cedar Point, and Alma Fairview, Page County, Va., were 
received into connection with this Synod. 

The Annual Report of the retiring President was re- 
committed. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. A. L. Grouse, 
was adopted": 

Resolved, That the Secretary be instructed to prepare, for the Arch- 
ives of Synod, a complete roll of all Congregations in its connection, and 
that the Ministers give him, at his request, all the assistance they can. 

Resolution adopted. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business, presented the 
remaining item of their report. 

Item 7. Said report being re-committed, the Committee beg leave to 
enquire further, if the Committee appointed on page 7, (Minutes of 1881), 
of which Rev. J. C. Moser is Chairman, in regard to receiving Concordia 
High School into connection with this Synod, is ready to report ? 

A. J. FOX, 
J. P. ST1REWALT, 
C. M.EFIRD. 

The Committee, not being ready to report, was, at their 
own request, continued. 

The Report on Unfinished Business was adopted as a 
whole. 

The Committee on Letters and Petitions reported, and 
the report was received and considered by items. 

Report on Letters and Petitions. 

Your Committee on Letters and Petitions beg leave to 
submit the following report : 

CLASS I. — EXCUSES FOE, ABSENCE FROM SYNOD. 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. L. A. Fox, D. D., in which he asks to be 
excused for his non-attendance upon this Convention of Synod, assigning, 
as a reason, pressure of duties. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, of similar import. We re- 
commend that he be not excused. 

No. 3 is a letter from Rev. M. L. Fox, of same import. We recom- 
mend that he be not excused. 

No. 4 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, assigning the reason of his ab- 






EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

sence to be bodily infirmities and want of means. We recommend he be 
excused. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. C. H. Bernheim, asking to be excused 
from this meeting. We recommend that he be not excused. 

CLASS II. — PETITIONS FOR ORDINATION. 

Nos. 1, 2, and 3 are Petitions from St. Mark's, Mt. Moriah,. Rowan 
County, and Phanuel's, Cabarrus County, N. C, asking for the examina- 
tion, and, if found qualified, the ordination of Prof. D. J. Suttlemyer, to 
the holy office of the Ministry, praying also for his services. 

Nos. 4 and 5 are Petitions of like import, from Killian's, Catawba 
County, and Luther's, Burke Count3 r , N. C. Your Committee recom- 
mend the appointment of a Committee of three, consisting of Revs. P. C. 
Henkel, J. R. Peterson, and J. M. Smith, to attend to this work at such 
time as may be agreed upon by the Committee and the candidate. 

CLASS III. — PETITIONS FOR NEXT CONVENTION OF SYNOD. 

No. 1 is a Petition from Beck's Church, Davidson County, N. C, 
praying for the next meeting of Synod to be held in their church. 

No. 2 is a Petition from Pilgrim's Church, Davidson County, N. C, 
of same import. 

No. 3 is a Petition from Concordia Church, Conover, N. C, of like 
import. 

CLASS IV. — MISCELLANEOUS. 

No. 1 is a Petition from Killian's Church, Catawba County, N. C, 
asking to be received into connection with this Synod. We recommend 
that this congregation be received. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. C. H. Bernheim, asking this Synod to take 
into consideration the division of the Synod into State district Synods. 

No. 3 is a Petition from Melanchthon's Church, Randolph County, N. 
C, asking Synod to send them a preacher. 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. LITTLE, 
J. A. CROMER, 
G. H. CHAPMAN. 

Class I. — No. 1. Eev. L. A. Fox, D. D., excused. 
No. 2. Eev. J. M. Smith not excused. 
No. 3. Eev. M. L. Fox not excused. 
No. 4. Eev. T. Moser excused. 
No. 5. Eev. 0. H. Bernheim not excused. 
Class II. — Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Pending the discussion of 
these items, Synod adjourned. Prayer by the President. 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

TiEilFLID SESSION. 

Monday, Oct. 10, 2 o'clock. 

During recess, Rev. J. P. Stirewalt preached from Eph. 
3 : 19. 

House was called to order by the President. Eoll called. 

The pending items of the report on Letters and Petitions 
were resumed and after some discussion, the recommenda- 
tion of the Committee was sustained. 

Class III. — Eos. 1, 2, 3. It was moved to ballot for the 
place of holding the next Convention. The motion was sus- 
tained. 

Concordia Church, Conover, Catawba County, N. C, was 
chosen, by ballot, as the place for the next Convention of 
Synod. The time for the Convention was iixed at 10 o'clock, 
on Saturday before the first full moon in October, 1883. 

Class IV. — No. 1. The recommendation prevailed, and 
Killian's congregation, Catawba County, 1ST. C, was received. 

No. 2. It was moved that Synod consider the propriety 
of Districting herself according to States. After discussing 
the subject, the following resolution, offered by Rev. Dr. S. 
Henkel, was adopted. 

In view of various contingent circumstances, I offer the following as 
a substitute, for the motion before Synod : Be it Resolved, That in 
regard to Rev. C. H. Bernheim's suggestion to district our Synod, Synod is 
not prepared to entertain said suggestion at this time, whilst, however, it 
may be desirable in the near future. 

No. 3. It was moved, that a Committee of two be ap- 
pointed to consider the petition from Melanchthon's Church, 
and report at this session of Synod. Committee — Revs. P. 
C. Henkel and A. J. Fox. 

The Report on Letters and Petitions was adopted as a 
whole. 

The Treasurer, Rev. Dr. S. Henkel, submitted his report. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

Treasurer's Report. 

New Market, Shenandoah County, Va.,) 

October 11th, 1882. j 
SOCRATES HENKEL in Account with 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1881. Dr. 

Sept. 14, To amount from former Treasurer, Rev. J. M. Smith. $ 65 60 

" Rev. J. R. Peterson 9 35 

" Rev. W. P. Cline 30 

" Rev. C. H. Bernheim 1 80 

" Rev. J. M. Smith 3 80 

" " G. D. Armentrout 60 

" Rev. A. J. Fox 3 50 

" Rev. P. C. Henkel 3 00 

" Rev. R. A. Yoder 2 50 

"■ '.' " li N. \V. Bowman 50 

" " " Rev. J. N. Stirewalt 1 40 

" " " Rev. D. Efird 70 

" Dr. Eargle 30 

" " " " Mr. J. F. Drafts 50 

" J. K. Efird 2 70 

" Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox 2 00 

" " " " Mr. L. M. Zirkle 2^00 

" Rev. I. Conder 40 

" Rev. T. Moser 2 00 

" H. J. Wessinger 20 

" " " " Rev. Lybrand 90 

" Rev. Goodman 1 15 

" Rev. J. C. Moser 3 00 

" Rev. S. Henkel 1 00 

Nov. 1. " " " Mr. Jos. Shealey 100 

" " " Rev. Lybrand 30 

Nov. 30. " " " Rev. Hausenfluck 50 

Dec. 22. " " " " 90 

1882. 

Jan. 5. " " " Minutessold 40 

$112.30 
1881. 
Oct. 10. To amount paid Henkel & Co. for printing, binding, 

and mailing 800 copies of Minutes $45.50 

1882. 

Oct. 10. Balance on hand, due Synod $66.80 

$112 30 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The Committee on Treasurers' Reports submitted the 
following reports which were received and adopted. 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. — The Commit- 
tee appointed to examine the accounts of the Treasurer of this Synod have 
discharged that duty and find the same to be correct. He has a balance in 
his hands and due the Synod of sixty-six dollars and eighty cents. 
Respectfully submitted, 

HENRY A. MEETZE, Chairman, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 
SOCRATES HENKEL'S Report as Agent for Treasurer of 

Beneficiary Fund. Oct. 10, 1882. 

Dr. 

To amount from Mt. Zion Church) $ 4 38 

S. Henkel's charge ,- 

To amount from Emmanuel's ) 14 50 

To amount from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge 12 19 

To amount from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 4 00 

To amount from Rev. J. A. Cromer 2 00 



Sept. 


3, 


i< 


27, 


K 


14, 


u 


14, 


(< 


14, 



$37 07 
1882. Cr. 

June 5, By amount paid T. E. Armentrout .$40 00 

Oct. 10, To amount from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge $19 40 

" 11, To amount from Emmanuel's Church ) 12 00 

ft HfinkcFs cti£Lr°"6 "~ 
" 11, To amount from Mt. Zion Church ) 6 00 



$74 47 
40 00 

$34 47 



Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

T. MOSER, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 

In account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1882. Dr. 

Sept. 10, To cash on hand $135 70 

Dec. 10, To cash from J. C. Moser's charge 12 00 

1882. From T. Moser's charge, 

" Sept. 17, St. Mark's, Rowan Co., N. C 2 00 

" 17, Mt. Moriah, " " .• 10 00 

" 24, St. Martin's, Stanley Co., " 150 

" Oct. 1, St. Martin's, Cabarrus " " 6 35 

" 8, Phanuel, Rowan Co., " 3 00 



Amount $170 55 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 



1881. Ce. 

Dec. 20, By cash paid T. E. Armentrout, flOO 00 

" 20, " " Postage 13 

Amount $100 13 

Balance in my hands $70 42 

T. MOSER, Treas. Ben. Fund. 

The Committee on the Keport of the Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund reported as follows : 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod : — T^e Commit- 
tee appointed to examine the account of the Treasurer of the Beneficiary 
Fund have discharged that duty, and find the same to be correct, and that 
there is in his hands a balance of Seventy Dollars and forty-two cents, and 
in the hands of his agent, Dr. S. Henkel, the sum of Thirty-four Dollars 
and forty-seven cents, making in the aggregate the sum of One Hundred 
and Four Dollars and eighty-nine cents. 

Respectfully submitted, 

HENRY A. MEETZE, Chairman, 
Oct. 16, 1882. E. L. LYBRAND. 

Synod adjourned. Bent diction by Rev. S. Henkel, D. I). 

zFOTjriRTpa: session. 

Tuesday, Oct. 17, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The session was opened with devotional exercises, con- 
ducted by Rev. J. K. Efird. House was called to order by the 
President. Roll called. 

Rev. P. Miller conveyed to this Synod the fraternal* 
greeting's of the Evang. Lutheran Synod of South Carolina, 
and, at the request of the Presideut, was replied to by Rev. 
Dr. A. J. Fox iu a few pertinent rem arks. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
was adopted : 

Resolved, That we recommend "Grades in the Ministry," a book by 
the late Rev. Jacob Stirewalt, to the careful study and impartial exami- 
nation of our people, both clerical and lay.* 

Report of the Delegate to Evang. Lutheran Synod of N. C. 

Your Delegate begs leave to submit the following : 
Some very urgent business matters being very unexpectedly thrust 
upon me, demanding immediate attention, prevented me from discharging 

*The book can be had of the Publisher, Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, New 
Market, Va. ■:. 



18 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

the duty assigned by my appointment. For several reasons I was anxious 
to meet our brethren of the Synod of North Carolina, and regretted my 
inability to do so very much ; I, however, addressed a fraternal letter to 
the Synod, a copy of which I herewith submit. I. learn this letter was 
very kindly received and read before the Synod. 

I learn from the public prints, that a committee of two ministers and 
one layman, was appointed to meet and confer with a similar committee 
from this Synod, in regard to such territory as may be in dispute between 
the two Synods. It is my opinion, that the committee asked for should 
be appointed, and trust every suitable means will be employed to secure 
au amicable adjustment of every misunderstanding, which in any way dis- 
turbs the peace and prosperity of our beloved Lutheran Church in North 
Carolina. Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX. 

The report was received and adopted. 

On motion, a Committee, composed of Eevs. A. J. Fox, 
P. C. Henkel, and Mr. A. Costner, was appointed to confer 
with a Committee, appointed by the North Carolina Synod, 
in regard to such territory as may interlap between the two 
Synods. 

Parochial Reports were now read. 

Synod adjourned till after recess. Benediction by the 
President. 

During recess, Rev. J. R. Peterson preached from Matt. 
22 : 1, 14. Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox preached Monday evening, 
in Mt. Olivet Lutheran Church, Spring Hill, from 1 John 1 : 
5, 6, 7, 8. 

FIFTH SESSION. 

Tuesday, 2 P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. Roll called. 
The following resolution, offered by Rev. Dr. S. Henkel, 
was adopted : 

Be it Resolved, That it be the duty of our ministers to obtain the num- 
ber of baptized persons, infants and adults, as well as that of the commu- 
nicant members, and report the result of their efforts to the next session of 
Synod, with a view to arranging our Parochial Report, so as to give the 
whole strength of our Synod, by adding a column for the insertion of such 
members. 

The resolution, offered by Maj. H. A. Meetze, on Sunday 
school work, was adopted : 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

Resolved, That until otherwise ordered, at the future meetings of this 
Synod, Sunday afternoons shall be devoted to Sunday school work ; and 
the piutors loci where synodical meetings are held are charged with the 
duty of making the necessary arrangements, to give interest and effect to 
these services. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. Prof. J. S- 
Koiner, was adopted : 

Resolved, That each of our Pastors is required to teach his people the 
duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his congregations col- 
lections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular Convention 
of our Synod. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. Dr. S. Henkel, 
was adopted : 

It is meet and right, that the dignity, sacredness, and solemnity of the 
ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and in order that it may 
not be lowered and disparaged, be it Resolved, That Synod recommend, 
that all applicants for examination and ordination, and for whom there are 
petitions to Synod from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such 
examination and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral 
services on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at 
some session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and if 
found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further Resolved, that 
it is the sentiment of this Synod, thai this recommendation should be ac- 
quiesced in, in all possible cases, an the order of Synod in all ordinary cases . 

The Committee on Petition from Melanchthon Congre- . 
gation read the following report. The report was adopted. 

Report of Committee on Petition from Melanchthon Congregation. 

Your Committee on petition from Melanchthon Church, Randolph 
County, N. C, for a minister, would report the following: Inasmuch 
as we have no one whom we could send to them at this time, we recom- 
mend Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox, and others, be advised to visit them as often 
as possible, until their request can be complied with. 

Respectfully submitted, A. J. FOX, 

P. C. HENKEL. 

Report of the Committee on Examination was read and 
adopted. 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your Committee on examination of P. C. Wyke, an applicant for 
beneficiary aid, report that we have held such examination ; and, being 
convinced that he possesses the necessary qualifications, recommend that 



L'O EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

he be received and directed according to our regulations. We have, also, 
had an interview with J. P. Price, and are satisfied as to his moral qualifi- 
cations, but in view of the fact that he has made scarcely a beginning in 
his education, we deem it unnecessary to place his name upon our roll of 
students at present, but recommend that he pursue his studies as zealously 
as he is able to do. 

A. L. CROUSE, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 

Synod having ascertained the condition of the Benefi- 
ciary Treasury, it was moved to consider appropriations for 
which application was made. 

On motion, Synod made an appropriation of eighty dol- 
lars ($89.00) to Mr. P. G. Wyke. The motion was sustained. 
It was moved, that Synod make an appropriation of one 
hundred and fifty dollars ($150.00) to Mr. J). A. Sox. The 
motion prevailed. 

The Committee on Missions submitted the following re" 
port, which was received, considered, and adopted : 

Your Committee on Missions report, that it has no data from the Sec- 
retaries of the Virginia and North Carolina Conferences; and, therefore, 
has no report to make in reference to the work in those sections. A paper 
has been addressed to the Synod from a Committee of the South Carolina 
Conference, which we herewith submit, and recommend that it be read in 
Synod, considered, and such action taken as may seem necessary. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX, 

P. C. HENKEL, . 

A. L. CROUSE. 

Report of S. C. Conference of E. L. Tennessee Synod in Regard to 

Mission Work. 

To the Evangelical- Lutheean Tennessee Synod : 

The South Carolina Conference, connected with your body, during 
its July meeting, constituted the subscribed parties a Committee to bring 
its acts and views in the mission work before you, in accordance with 
which action, we beg leave to submit the following : 

1st. Said Conference, in obedience to the resolution of Synod, passed 
Nov., 1879, at Summit, at its next meeting, Aug., 1830, adopted a sys- 
tematic plan for prosecuting the work, which plan provides an Executive 
Committee with proper adjuncts, i:ito whose hands the work is'entrusted* 
subject to the approval of the Conference. Said Committee is now in ac- 
tive existence. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

2d. Said Committee has from time to time expended such funds as 
have been put in their possession in giving such aid to such people and 
places, as it deemed best. We notf have in operation a systematic plan 
for raising funds, and at one time had a German Missionary, who visited 
all Germans immigrating to this State upon their arrival, and which has 
been discontinued, because we have no man who can fill the place. 

3d. Said Committee finds itself much hampered for the scarcity of 
ministers, and after bringing its views before said Conference, and dis- 
cussing the same fully, the Conference unanimously agreed— That the 
said work could not be pushed effectively, except by some men who had 
the time to visit remote places, — spending days with the people — working 
up their resources — gathering up the stray ones, and encouraging those 
already at work. Certain it is that no one Conference in our Synod, has 
or will accomplish thus much. 

Therefore we beg leave to recommend: 

1st, That the Synod rescind its action of November, 1879. 

2d, That it recommend the Conferences to keep in active force their 
plans for raising missionary funds. 

3d, That the Synod put a regular missionary in the field. 

All of which we think can be effected by the earnest and energetic 
co-operation of the Conference, in connection with what the people aided 
could pay toward the salary of said missionary. 

All of which we respectfully submit for the earnest and prayerful 
consideration of your body. 

HENRY A. MEETZE, Chairman, 
C. M. EFIRD, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 

October 13th, 1882. 

The report was received and considered by items. 
Pending - the discussion of item 1st of this report, Synod 
adjourned till Wednesday morning'. Benediction by Bev. 
M. L. Little. 

SIXTH SESSI03ST. 

Wednesday, October 18, 9 o'clock. 
Synod was opened with divine services, conducted by 

Bev. 1. Conder. House called to order by the President. 

Boll called. 

On motion, Bev. T. Moser was re-elected Treasurer of 

Beneficiary Fund. 

The following resolution was adopted : 
Whereas, Our Treasurer of Beneficiary Funds is absent, 
-Resolved, That his agent is authorized to receive all moneys that can be 



22 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

paid over *'. this session of Synod, and pay to our beneficiaries half the 
amount appropriated, provided he obtains satisfactory receipts, and for 
which they shall execute their bonds when the whole appropriation is re- 
ceived. 

Eev. J. C. Moser was excused. 

Rev. E. A. Yoder was excused. 

Eev. J. N. Stirewalt was not excused. 

Eev. J. W. Hausenfluck was not excused. 

The following resolutions, offered by Eev. A. L. Crouse, 
were adopted : 

Resolved, That the names of all our regularly received candidates for 
the ministry be appended to our clerical roll. 

Resolved, That the names of all our beneficiaries be appended to our 
clerical roll. 

The usual vote of thanks, expressed in the following 
language, was adopted : 

Resolved, That we, the members of this Convention of Synod, hereby 
tender our most sincere thanks, to the members of this Congregation, and 
other citizens of this vicinity, for the very kind and cordial manner in 
which they have received and entertained us, during our stay among 
them ; and that the President of Synod read this resolution to-day, at the 
close of the sermon. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of the 
Minutes of this Convention of Synod printed, to supply the calls for them, 
and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies; each general 
body of Lutherans, in this country, one copy ; and the Synods with which 
this Synod is in correspondence, one copy each ; our institutions of learning, 
one copy each ; our Lutheran publications, two copies each ; and our bene- 
ficiaries and applicants, one copy each. 

Corresponding Delegates to other Synods : — 

To S. 0. Synod.— Eev. M. L. Little, Principal ; Eev. E. 
L. Lybrand, Alternate. 

To X. C. Synod.— Eev. J. E. Peterson, Principal ; Eev. 
Prof. E. A. Yoder, Alternate. 

To Virginia Synod. — Eev. A. L. Crouse, Principal ; Eev. 
J. Paul Stirewalt, Alternate. 

It was moved to re-open correspondence with the E. 
Lutheran Holston Synod. 

Eev. S. Heiikel, I). I)., was appointed Corresponding 
Delegate to the Holston Synod, with Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, 
Alternate. 



IN MEMORY OF 



REV. JOHN S. BENNICK. 

We, your Committee, appointed to prepare suitable resolutions, have 
adopted the following : 

Whereas, It hath pleased Almighty God, in his all-wise Providence, 
to remove our lamented brother, J. S. Benuick, from his work on earth to 
his reward in heaven ; 

Be it Resolved 1. That we bow in humble submission to the will of 
Him who doeth all things well. 

Resolved 2. In his death, the Church militant has lost a most efficient 
and faithful laborer. 

Resolved 3. That a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the face 
of the Minutes, and that one page be devoted to his memoiy. 

Resolved 4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to his bereaved 
family. 

J. R. PETERSON, 

I. CONDER, 

J. P. STIREWALT. 



24 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

These resolutions were unanimously adopted by all the 
members of Synod, standing in profound silence for a few 
minutes. 

It was moved that our applicant, Mr. T. E. Arm entrant, 
be directed to place himself under the care of Rev. A. L. 
Crouse for this Synodical year, and that he prosecute his 
studies as rapidly as possible. The motion was sustained. 

The Chairman of the Committee on the State of the 
Church, read his report, which was received and considered ; 
and, being amended, stands as follows : 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church. 

The Committee on the State of the Church is represented here by only 
one member, and its report cannot be as full as it should be. Much that 
should be brought out will necessarily escape attention. 

In many respects we find that the general condition of the Synod has 
been improved. In many places new and elegant houses of worship have 
been built, both by old and new congregations. Several new congregations 
have been organized, and estranged ones reclaimed. More interest in 
mission work has been manifested. Money has been raised, missions estab- 
lished and supplied. This indicates that our people are becoming more 
concerned about the exteusion of the church ; hence, we find somewhat 
less selfishness. 

The accessions to our membership have been as large, and perhaps of 
as worthy character, as any year in our history. We do not think that any 
body, with an equal number of laborers, has outstripped us in this respect. 
We are also confident, that the majority of persons received into our com- 
munion have been well trained in the catechetical class and Sunday 
school. 

We notice also, that our people are manifesting greater interest in the 
cause of education. Many have been induced to give to our colleges and 
schools, who a few years ago thought such a thing an innovation not to be 
tolerated. No doubt more has been done in this way, by a number of 
congregations, during the past year, than any previous one. Parents, too, 
have been moved to give more attention to the education of their children, 
and, as a natural consequence, we bear of an increase in the number of 
young men making an effort to prepare for the work of the ministry. 

There is an improvement in the work of beneficence, but not commen- 
surate with the resources of the people and the demands of the Church. 
More money has been collected this year than last, and yet we are not 
doing our whole duty. 

Most of our Ministers have been prosecuting the work with zeal and 
energy, but many of them at a sad disadvantage, in view of the extent of 



EVANGELICAL LUTHEEAN TENNESSEE SYXOD. 25 

their charges. Notwif hstanding these disadvantages, the best possible has 
been done, considering the depleted ranks of our ministry. 

In view of these elements of prosperity, we have a right to expect 
that the fond hopes entertained at our last Convention were all realized, 
but, with sadness, we are compelled to report otherwise, in respect to some 
of the features of the state of the Cnurch. 

In Virginia, we can safely say, as aforetime, that there are no divi- 
sions in the congregations, and that the ministers are keeping the unity 
of the spirit in the bonds of peace. They walk in love and respect each 
others feelings. They are not given over to jealous}", but know how to 
honor each others ability and excuse each others infirmities. 

In North Carolina, we '"hear that there are divisions, and we partly 
believe it." We do not think that there are any serious differences in 
matters of faith, but there is not that concert of action that should char- 
acterize a Conference. Xeither is there sufficient respect for the feelings of 
each other among some of the ministers. Ministers should not think more 
highly of themselves than they ought to think, lest they look more to the 
immortalization of their names than the glory of God. ''Let this mind 
be in you which was also in Christ Jesus.'' for "Ye are brethren." 
Ministers should not think more highly of themselves than they ought to 
think, lest they look more to the extension of their territory and infLieace, 
and the immortalization of their names than the glory of God. " Let this 
same mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus," for you are his 
servants. 

In South Carolina, some of the things formerly complained of have 
been removed, and the internecine strife once carried on has. in a great 
degree, abated. One minister has resigned, and another moved away, and 
their action has been criticised, perhaps, too freely. However, we think 
that good has already resulted from some, if not all, of the changes that 
have been made. 

Iu Alabama, our cause is holding out bravely, and the people have 
done admirably well. There is but one hindrance to almost unbounded 
prosperity there, and that is the waut of laborers. The people are liberal 
and zealous, and will do their part well. 

Looking again at the whole Synod there is, in many places, a lack of 
interest in Sunday schools, and a fearful want of attention to the reading 
of Church literature. The Minutes of Synod are not circulated as they 
ought to be, and the people are not well enough acquainted with the work 
and demands of Synod. 

There is also too much negligence in training the people in the re- 
sponsive service in the Church. 

While all these things that are wrong, are unpleasant and need correc- 
tion, we have much to cause us to thank God and take courage. 

A. L. CROUSE. 



2G EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The two amendments to the report on the state of the 
church were adopted. The report was adopted as a whole. 

The following paper was read before Synod, and dis- 
cussed to a limited extent : 

Whereas, The Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod has in time past held 
aloof from direct connection with other Lutheran bodies in this country, 
from reasons patent and well known to all persons acquainted with her 
history; and since said reasons have been dispelled by other bodies, 
planting themselves on the same basis as ourselves : and whereas in union 
and co-operative energy there is resistless strength ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, now in 
Convention assembled, do adopt the Constitution of "The Evangelical 
Lutheran General Syuod in North America," and do elect a delegation, 
proportioned according to Article II. of said Constitution, to represent 
this Synod in the next regular Convention of said General Synod, to sit 
in the City of Charleston, in April proximo. 

Pending the discussion of this paper, pertaining to effect- 
ing a union with the General Synod in North America, 
Synod adjourned. Benediction by the President. During 
recess, Rev. E. L. Lybrand preached from Phil. 2 : 5. 

SEVENTH SESSION. 

Wednesday, 2 o'clock. 

House was called to order by the President, the roll was 
called, and Synod at once proceeded to business. 

The following preamble and resolution, offered by Rev. 
S. Henkel, were adopted : 

Whereas, A paper is before Synod, asking S3 r nod to take into con- 
sideration the propriety of effecting some connection with the Southern 
E. L. General Synod, and whereas, this is a matter which requires careful 
and matured consideration ; hence, in view of the late hour of this session 
of Synod, in which the said paper was offered, be it 

Resolved, That this paper be deferred to our next Annual Session of 
Synod, for consideration. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. S. Henkel, D. 
D., was adopted : 

As a substitute for the motion now before the Synod, I offer the fol- 
lowing : In view of the probability of some change taking place in the 
present polity of our Synod at no far distant date, be it 

Resolved, That we deem it injudicious, as well as impolitic, to change 
our present system of missionary work, as indicated in the report of the 



EVANGELICAL LUTHEEAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

South Carolina Conference of the Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod, sug- 
gesting a change in our present policy of missionary operations. 

On motion, it was made the duty of the Secretary to 
prepare an extract of the proceedings of this Convention of 
Synod, for publication in Our Church Paper. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, 
was adopted : 

Resolved, That the facts set forth by the report of the Committee on 
the State of the Church, showing as they do, that rather an unfavorable 
State of things exists among our people in the State of North Carolina, 
this Synod most earnestly advises all concerned to, at the earliest possible 
period, make a united effort to adjust any difficulties that may exist in 
that section of our Church. 

It was moved to reconsider Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck's 
excuse. After due consideration, Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck 
was excused. 

The following resolution, offered by Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, 
was adopted : 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the statement of the 
President in regard to his writing the history of our Synod, and hope that 
his expectations may be realized, and the work forthcoming by the next 
session of this Synod. 

It was moved to dispense with reading the Minutes. 
The motion prevailed. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place appointed. 
Closed by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, Secretary. 



28 



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SERMONS, 

Saturday. 

Synodical Sermon, Eev. Dr. A. J. Fox, Text, 1 Cor., 4, 

1-2. 

Sunday. 

Morning : Eev. S. Henkel, D. D., Text, Hosea, 14, 1-2. 

Afternoon : Eev. I. Conder, 1 Cliron. 29, 5 — last clause. 

Mt. Olivet, Spring Hill : Eev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, St. 

Luke 14, 16-24. 

Monday. 
Eev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Text, Eph. 3, 19— first clause. 
Evening : Mt, Olivet, Eev. Dr. A. J. Eox, Text, 1 John 
1, 5-8. 

Tuesday. 
Eev. J. E, Peterson, St. Matth. 22, 1-14. 

Wednesday. 
Eev. E. L. Lybrancl, Phil. 2, 5. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIEST DAY. 

1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 

2.— Call of Clerical Boll. 

3. — Beception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Beading of President's Beport. 

5. — Election of Officers. 

6. — Beception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Beception of Letters and Petitions. 

8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

OTHER" DAYS. 
1. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Boll. 

3. — Beading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Easiness. 
5. — Beports of Standing Committees. 
6.— Beports of Special Committees. 
7. — Besolutious. 
8. — New Easiness. 
9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES 

IN CONNECTION WITH THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County. — Zion, St. Peter, (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Emmanuel, St- Peter, (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethlehem, 
St. Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Gaston County. — Lutheran Chapel, Christ, Philadelphia, Mount 
Holly, St. Mark. 

Lincoln County. — Bethpage, Daniel, Salem, St. Luke, Trinity. 

Catawba County. — Sardis, Grace, Zion, Holy Trinity, St. Stephen, 
St. Peter, St. .John, St. Paul, Killian, Piny Grove, St. James, Concordia. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion. 

Watauga County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Union County. — Emmanuel. 

Cabarrus County.- — St. Martin, Luther Union. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriah. St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, New Jerusalem. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Burke County.— Luther. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany, (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trini- 
ty, St. Peter, Rader. 

Page County. — St. Paul, St. William, Fairview, Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary, 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. Ste- 
phen, St. David. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved, That each of our Pastors be earnestly requested to preach at 
least one sermon in each of his congregations, annually, upon the subject 
of Beneficiary Education, and other benevolent enterprises, and report to 
the next succeeding convention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to send, 
to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the condition of 
the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of- our communion, previous to their 
confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a loose cus- 
tom of receiving uncatechised persons into the church, without the slight- 
est examination of them in regard to their religions knowledge and other 
qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by some ; be it, 
therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Prtinisters and congre- 
gations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who make 
application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by Catechi- 
sation in the doctrines and usages of our church previous to their confir- 
mation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons of age and ex- 
perience make application, or such young persons as have been so favorably 
situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted with and to 
have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, seek church priv- 
ileges, we recommend that their request be granted; but, in no case, until 
such persons have been examined by the pastor, before the council, and 
have been approved by them. 



THEOLOGICAL COURSE FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS. 

Home's Introduction, — Price, $4.50. Knapp's Theology, — Price, $3 00. 
Kurtz's Sacred History, " i|l.50.:Krauth'sConservative Kef- 



Kurtz's Church History, " $3.00. 
Hutter's Compend, " $1.50. 

Book of Concord, (Henkel, 

First Edition), " #2.75. 

Book of Concord, (Jacob's 



ormation, " $5.00. 

Schmidt's Dogmatics, " $6.00. 

Mann's Schmidt's Ethics, " $1.25. 

Yinet's Homiletics, -:■ " $1.75. 

Ripley's Sac. Rhetoric, " $1.25. 



Edition, 1882), " $6. OO.'Vinet's Pas. Theology, " $1.25. 

Instruction must be given in Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesiastical 
Polity. 

At the request of several parties, we append the prices to the above 
list of works, which can be had at our office, at the prices given. 

Ten per cent, must be added to the above prices, when the books arc 
to be sent by mail, prepaid. We will send them pre-paid at the prices 
given, if $2.50 or more dollars' worth are ordered, to one address. 

Address, HENKEL & CO., 

New Market, Shenandoah Co., Va. 



INDEX. 

Absentees, 13 

Absentees, 22 

Benficiaries 4 

Beneficiary Appropriations, 20 

Clerical Roll, 3 

Candidates for the Ministry, 4 

Corresponding Delegate from S. C. Synod, ... 9 

Corresponding Delegates to other Synods, 22 

Lay -Delegates, 4 

List of Churches, 30 

Officers of Synod, 2 

Order of Business, 29 

Place of Next Meeting, 2 

President's Annual Report, ■ 5_8 

Parochial Report 28 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 9 

Report of Committee on Ordination of Candidate W. P. Cline, 10 

Report on Letters and Petitions, 12 

Report of the Agent of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 16 

Report of the Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 16 

Report of the Committee on the Beneficiary Treasurer's Report, 17 

Resolution on "Grades in the Ministry," 17 

Report of the Delegate to the E. L. Synod of N. O, 17 

Report of Committee on Petition from Melanchthon congregation, ... 19 

Report of Committee on Examination, 19 

Report of S. C. Conference of Tenn. Synod, regarding Mission Work, 20 

Resolutions on the death of Rev. J. S. Bennick, ...... 23 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church, 24-25 

Standing Committees, 2 

Standing Committees, 8-9 

Sermons, ...... 29 

Standing Resolutions, 31 

Time of Next Meeting, ■ 2 

Treasurer's Report, 15 

Theological Course for Private Students 31 



ADDENDA. 



Since the copy of the Minutes was placed in the hands of the printer 
and printed, I have received the following, which the reader will observe 
instead of what appears in the regular Parochial Report : 

In Rev. J. C. Moser's report, read $15.00 instead of $14.00 for Bene- 
ficiary Education. 

In Rev. D. A. Goodman's report read the following : 

Entered the Ministry, 1882 ; Congregations., 2; Communicants, 107: 
Infant Baptisms, 35; Adult Baptisms, 2; Confirmations, 17; Deaths, 5; 
Sunday S. Scholars, 30; Removals, 1: Ben. Education, $3.07; Current 
Expenses, $200. Secretary. 






MINUTES 



SIXTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION 
n "' '' ".' ' of %d>; 7- r ~ ": " r . : " :: 

'.;. .EVANGELICAL 'LUTHERAN ' 

"Tennessee Synod,' 



HELD IN 



CHAPEL OF CONCORDIA COLLEGE, CONOVER, N." C. 



October 13—17, 1883. 



henkel & co., printers, new market, va. 
Office of Shenandoah Valley and Our Church Paper. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. J. R. PETERSON, Dallas, N. C. 

Seoeetaey— Rev. A. L. CROUSE, Waynesboro, Va. 

Cor. Secretary— Rev. C. H. BERNHEIM, Lexington, N. C. 

Treasurer— Rev. J. N. STIREWALT, Stony Man, Va. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Missions: 

Revs. J. M. Smith, J. C. Moser, and W. P. Cline. 

On State of the Church : 
Revs. T. Moser, J. S. Koiner, and A. L. Grouse. 

On Examination: 

Revs. J. C. Moser, A. J. Fox, A. L. Crouse, J. N. Stirewalt, J. K. 

Efird, and J. A. Cromer. 

PLACE AND TIME OF THE NEXT MEETING. 
The next Convention will be held in St. Mary's (Pine) Church, near 
Mt. Jackson, Shenandoah county, Va., commencing on Saturday, 10 a. 
M., before the last Sunday in September, 1884. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



CONOVER, N. 0., ) 

Oct. 13, 1883. } 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod 
met in its Sixty-Third Annual Convention with St. James 
congregation, iu the Chapel of Concordia College, in Cono- 
ver, N. C, on Saturday, October 13th, 1883. Eev. J. N. 
Stirewalt preached the opening sermon from 1 Cor. 3, 11. 

After recess the house was called to order. Divine ser- 
vices were conducted by the President. The Secretary 
called the clerical roll : 

Roll of Ministers. 

Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. A. J. Fox, M. D., Lincolnton, N. C. 



9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 



P. 0. Henkel, D. D., Conover, N. C. 

J. R. Peterson, Dallas, N. C. 

T. Moser, Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

D. Efird,* Lexington, S. C. 

S. Henkel, D. D., New Market, Va. 

C. H. Bernheim, Lexington, N. C. 

J. M. Smith, Conover, N. C. 

I. Conder,* McGaheysville, Va. 

L. A. Fox, D. D.,* Salem, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt, Stony Man, Va. 

M.L. Fox, M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

A. L. Crouse, Waynesboro, Va. 

J. P. Stirewalt, New Market, Va. 



♦Absent and excused. 



4 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Names. Residences. 

15 Rev. M. L. Little, Dallas, N. C. 

16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26' 
27 



J. C. Moser Conover, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluck.* Alma, Ya. 

J. K. Efied, / Prosperity, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer,* Columbia, S. C. 

E. L. Lybeand,.. "..■ Columbia, S. C. 

R. A. Yoder,* , Philadelphia, Pa. 

J. S.;Koiner, Spring Hill, S. C. 

D. A. Goodman, ......Happy Home, N. C. 

W. P. Cline, Newton, N. C. 

D. A- Sox,t Oak Level,. Alabama. 

D. J. Settlemyee,+ China Grove, N. C. ' 

J. A. RrDisiLL,+ ......Jug Town, N. C. 

Candidates for the Ministry. 

T. E^ Armentrout, McGaheysville, Ya. 

J. F. Moser, Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Sigman, Conover,. N. C. . 

Beneficiaries. 
P. C. Wike, • ■ • Conover, N. C. 

W. A. Botte, 

J. P. Price, 

W. L.Darr, 

N. G. Deal? 

D. M. Moser, 

The following Lay-Delegates presented evidences of 
their election, and their names were enrolled : 
Lay-Delegates. 

Names. Churches Represented. 

W. W. Loeick Bethlehem, St. Jacob's, and St. Thomas, S. C- 

Maj. H. A. MEETZE...St. Peter's" (Meetze's) and St. Andrew's, S. C. 

J.P.Price Emmanuel, S. C. 

J. W. Summer St. John's,' St. Peter's (P." W.) & Cedar Grove, S. C. 

J. T. Monts Zion, St. Paul's, and St. James, S. C. 

Wm. Jenkins Antioch, N. C. 

JohnD. Hoover Salem, N. C. 

David Lohr Grace, N. C. 

A. M. Long Emmanuel and Morning Star, N. C, 

I. R. Stkoup Christ's, N. C. 

N. P. Efird St. Martin's, Stanley Co., St. Martin's and Lutheran 

Union, Cabarrus Co., N. C. , . 

P. A. Keplt New Jerusalem, N. C. 

* Absent and excused; f Ordained at this session. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

Names. Churches Represented. 

W.L. Grimes Pilgrim, N. C. 

Haley Myers Emmanuel, N. C. 

J. S. Lipe Mt. Moriah, N. C. 

H. C. Goodman St. Mark's, N. C. 

J. P. Collins St. Martin's, Iredell Co. , N. C. 

J. L. Yotjnt Concordia, N. C. 

M. W. Shook Sharon, N. C. 

D. D. Seitze Zion, N. C. 

W. M. Robinson Luther Chapel, N. C. 

Sam'l E. Killian Emmanuel, N. C. 

Henry Setzer Philadelphia, N. C. 

D. P. Yount Trinity, N. C. 

P. W. Carpenter Bethphage, N. C. 

L. M. RiiEiNHARDT....Sardis, N. C. 

John D. Hoke Luther Chapel, N. C. 

Jas. T. Miller St, Stephen's, N. C. 

Q. M. Smith St, Peter's, N. C. 

F. L. Fry Friendship, N. C. 

Anthony Moser Melanchthon, N. C. 

G. W. L. Meize Philadelphia, N. C. 

J. E. Corpening Mt. Zion, N. C. 

N. Wineberger Mt, Pleasant, N. C. 

D. W. Moose Piny Grove, N. C. 

F. L. Herman St. Paul's, N. C. 

J. P. Yount ....St. John's, N. C. 

W. S. Mauney St. Matthew's, N. C. 

D. V. Clippard Sharon, N. C. 

D. E. Whitener Holy Trinity, N. C. 

A. M. Yotjnt St. James, N. C. 

A. A. Brown Newton, N. C. 

F. C. Sipe St. John's, N. C. 

D. A. Sox St. Michael's, Ala, 

A. M. Hot St. James, N. C. 

The President read the following report : 
President's Report. 

Dear Brethren in Christ Jesus : — May grace, mercy, and peace, 
from the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, be and abide with us. 

It is through the tender mercy and beneficent providence of our 
heavenly Father, that we have been permitted to pass through another 
Synodical year, safely, and to assemble again in the capacity of a delib- 
erative body, in its sixty-third annual convention, in which we are ena- 
bled to meet each other with fraternal greetings, to sympathize with each 



6 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

other, to counsel and encourage each other, and to devise the best and 
most judicious ways and means for promoting the Gospel, maintaining 
and perpetuating the sacred, saving, and glorious truths and principles 
of our holy religion, in their purity and integrity, and for the promotion 
and extension of the Redeemer's kingdom on earth. 

We should rightly appreciate these privileges and blessings, as well 
as properly realize the sacred duties devolving upon us, devoutly raising 
our hearts in thankfulness and gratitude to the Father of Lights, the Giver 
of all good, through Jesus Christ as the Mediator between him and us, 
and imploring him for a continuance of his mercies and providential care. 

The lives of all our ministerial brethren, in connection with this Syn- 
od, have been preserved during the past Synodicalyear, whilst the deaths 
anions; our lay -members, have not been unusually numerous. The health 
of our Synod in a physical, moral, and spiritual aspect, may be regarded 
as altogether in a normal condition. 

Official Acts : — October 17, 1882, I paid to Beneficiary D. A. Sox, 
per order, as agent for Treasurer of Beneficiary Association, seventy-five 
dollars, #75. 00, —one-half of the appropriation made by Synod in his fa- 
vor. October 17, 1882, I also, under the same circumstances, paid over 
to Beneficiary P. C. Wike, forty dollars, $40.00,— one-half of the amount 
appropriated for his benefit, by Synod. Jan. 10, 1883, I issued an order 
on the Treasurer of Beneficiary Association, Rev. T. Moser, to Beneficia- 
ry P. C. Wike, for forty dollars, #40.00. February 9, 1883, I issued an 
order on said Treasurer in favor of Beneficiary D. A. Sox for seventy- 
five dollars, $75.00. 

Pastoral Charges : — Rev. J. K. Efird notified me, that he had re- 
signed St. Peter's or Meetze's church, and had taken charge of St. Peter's 
(Piny Woods) church, and St. John's, Lexington co., South Carolina. 
Rev. I. Conder informed me, that he had taken charge of a church near 
Matthews, North Carolina. Rev. Prof. M. L. Little informs me, that 
the following changes have taken place in his charge :— A new congrega- 
tion has been organized at Cherryville, North Carolina, of which he is 
now pastor, and that a new, commodious church-edifice has been erected 
there. Early in the year, he resigned Bethphage. Recently he resigned 
Sardis church, Catawba co.; and Trinity, Lincoln co., N. C. In August, 
he reorganized a congregation near Dallas, Gaston co., N. C, where ar- 
rangements are being made for the erection of a new brick church. Hav- 
ing received ^ 'dall, he has taken charge of Luther Chapel. Rev. J. I. 
Miller has taken charge of St. Luke's church, Luray, Page co., Va., ac- 
cording to certain understanding and regulations, whose parochial report 
is submitted to Synod. Candidate J. A. Rudisill has taken charge of 
Bethphage, Trinity, Lincoln co., Sardis, Catawba co., and a newly or- 
ganized congregation at Glen Alpine, Burk co., N. C. Candidate D. J. 
Settlemyre has taken charge of St. Mark, Mt. Moriah, and Phanuel 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

churches, Rowan co., N. C. Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder resigned his pas- 
toral relation to Concordia congregation, Conover, N. C. Zion's, St. Ja- 
cob's, St. Matthew's, and St. Stephen's churches, Shenandoah county, Va., 
are partially supplied by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., and Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 
Rev. J. S. Koiner has taken charge of St. Jacob, St. Thomas, and Beth- 
lehem churches, Lexington co., South Carolina. 

Beneficiaries: — Mr. P. C. Wike and Mr. D. A. Sox pursued then- 
studies in Concordia College, Conover, North Carolina. 

Recommendations : — 1. If deemed beneficial in promoting the inter- 
ests of the church, That Synod take such action, as she may, in her wis- 
dom, see fit, with a view to inaugurate a Southern Lutheran Synodical 
Conference, properly based on the Confessions of the Church, and invest- 
ed with only advisory powers, to be occupied with the more general work 
and operations of the Church. 

2. If consistent with the charter and the desire of the proper authori- 
ties and those pecuniarily interested, That some action be taken to effect 
proper relations between Concordia College, located at Conover, Catawba 
co., N. C, — a church institution, — and this Synod, — such relations as are 
customary and practicable. 

3. That the agreement between the E. L. North Carolina Synod and 
the E. L. Tennessee Synod, inaugurated, by the committees, at Hickory, 
Catawba co., N. C, March, 1883. appointed by said Synods, in regard to 
church operations, so as to prevent conflict in mission work and other 
church work, be considered and acted on, by Synod, and that the Secre- 
tary furnish said paper to be appended to our minutes, as well as the 
action of Synod relative to it. 

In conclusion, we pray the Great Head of the Church, to preside over 
us, guiding us in the way of all truth and efficiency, so that our delibera- 
tions and transactions, as well as our individual ministrations, may con- 
tribute to the honor and glory of God, and the promotion of the Redeem- 
er's Kingdom. . SOCRATES HENKEL. 

On motion, the report was received and reserved for the 
proper committee. 

An election was held for officers. Revs. J. K. Efird and 
C. H. Bernheim acted as tellers, and the result was 
Rev. J. R. Peterson, - - - - President. 

" A. L. Crouse, Rec. Secretary. 

" C. H. Bernheim, - - - - Cor. Secretary. 
" J. N. Stirewalt, - - - - Treasurer. 
On motion, Rev. M. J. Stirewal|, of the Indiana Synod, 
Rev. A. L. Yount, of the Pittsburg Synod, Candidates J. A. 
Rudisill,D.J. Settlemyre,D.A. Sox, Prof. J. F. Moser, and P. 



8 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

G. Wike, of our own Synod, were received as advisory mem- 
bers. 

Papers for Synod were called for and placed in the 
bands of the proper committee. 

The following' committees were appointed : 

On Missions.— Revs. J. M. Smith, J. C, Moser, and W, 
P. Cline. 

On State of the Church.— Revs. T. Moser, J. S. 
Koiner, and A. L. Cronse. 

On Examination. — Revs. J. C. Moser, A. J. Fox, A. 
L. Cronse, J. N. Stirewalt, J. K. Efird, and J. A. Cromer, 

On President's Report. — Rev. J. M. Smith and Maj. 
H. A. Meetze. 

On Unfinished Business. — Revs. A. J. Fox, J. P. 
Stirewalt, and Mr. W. W. Lorick. 

On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. C. H. Bernheim, 
D. A. Goodman, and Mr. J. L. Yount. 

On Ordination. — Revs. S. Henkel, J. S. Koiner, and 
A. J. Fox. 

On Treasurer's Report — of Beneficiary Fund — 
Revs. C. IT. Bernheim and D. A. Sox. 

On motion, Lutheran Chapel congregation was received 
into connection with Synod. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning, 
at 9 o'clock, A. M. Benediction by the President. 

Monday, Oct. 15, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine service was conducted by Rev. A. J. Fox. Rev. 
H. M. Brown, of the Evan. Luth. N. C. Synod, and Rev. J. 
W. S. Sheppard, of the Evan. Luth. S. C. Synod, were in- 
vited to seats as advisory members. Minutes of Saturday 
were read, received, and adopted. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business made the fol- 
lowing report, which was received and acted upon by items; 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

Your committee on unfinished business beg leave to submit the fol- 
lowing : 

1. — On page 9. the minutes of last year, we find that committee, of 



£ V "ANGELIC AL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

which Rev. A. J. Fox is chairman, to inquire into the expediency of 
erecting tombstones to mark the places of burial of Revs. Philip Henkel 
and Ambrose Henkel, was continued from the previous year. Is that 
committee prepared to report ? 

II. — On page 10, we find that a committee, whose chairman is Rev. 
S. Henkel, D. D., to consider the proposed amendments to the constitu- 
tion of Synod, and report to this convention, was appointed. Is that 
committee ready to report ? 

- III. — On page 11, we find that Revs. J. R. Peterson and M. L. Little 
were appointed to prepare an ordination certificate. Has that duty been 
performed ? 

IV. — On same page, we find a committee on Beneficiary Educa- 
tion, of which Rev. A. J. Fox is chairman, — is that committee prepared 
to report? 

V. — On page 12, we find that a committee, whose chairman is Rev. 
J. C. Moser, was appointed in regard to forming some connection be- 
tween Concordia College and this Synod. Is that committee ready to 
report ? 

VI.— On page 13, we find that Revs. P. C. Henkel, J. R. Peterson, 
and J. M. Smith were appointed, to examine and ordain candidate D. J. 
Settlemyre to the office of the ministry. Has that duty been performed? 

VIL— On page 18, we see acommittee, composed of Revs. A. J. Fox, 
P. C. Henkel, and A. Costner, Esq., was appointed to meet a similar 
committee from the E. L. Lutheran Synod of North Carolina to make 
an effort to devise some plan by which a satisfactory arrangement can 
be made, in regard to overlapping territory between the two Synods. 
Has that duty been complied with ? 

VIII. — On the same page, we see that it was made the duty of each 
pastor of this Synod to collect the number of baptized persons— infants, 
adults, as well as communicants, and to report them to this convention 
of Synod. Has that rule been complied with? 

IX. — On page 26, we find that the consideration of a paper, propos- 
ing a connection of this Synod with the Southern Gen. Synod of the E. 
L. Lutheran church, was postponed to the present convention of this 
Synod. Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX, ) 

J. P. STIREWALT, - Committee. 

W. W. LORICK, ) 

Item 1. No action had been taken, and the Committee, 
consisting of Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox and Rev. A. L. Crouse, was 
continued. 

Item 2. Consideration postponed until Tuesday morning, 
nine o'clock. 



10 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 3. Not complied with. The committee was dis- 
charged, and Revs. J. C. Moser and J. M. Smith were ap- 
pointed to attend to the matter. 

Item 4. The committee had not complied and was dis- 
continued. 

Item 5. Passed over for the present. 

Item 6. Not complied with by mutual arrangement. 

Item. 7. The Committee made a report which was re- 
ceived and unanimously adopted. 

Report of Committee to Meet Committee of North Carolina Synod. 

Report of the committee, appointed by this Synod, to meet and con- 
fer with a similar committee, appointed by the E. L. Synod of North 
Carolina, in regard to overlapping and disputed territory. 

Your committee beg leave to submit the following: — After some 
epistolary correspondence between the chairmen of the respective com- 
mittees, in regard to the duty assigned them — the members of the com- 
mittees from their respective Synods met, in the town of Hickory, Ca- 
tawba co., N. C, in the E. L. Church in that place, on the 27th day of 
March, 1883. An organization was effected, by electing Rev. A. J. Fox, 
M. D., President, and Rev. L. A. Bikle, D. D., Secretary. The meeting 
was a very cordial one — the discussions fraternal and respectful, and the 
decisions prompt and unanimous. 

The following paper was presented, carefully considered, and adopted 
by items, and then with great readiness and unanimity, it was adopted 
as a whole : 

"We the undersigned committees, appointed by the North Carolina 
and Tennessee Synods, at their sessions, in 1882, respectfully submit the 
following as the conclusions and results of our deliberations, at Hickorj r , 
N. C, on the 27th of March, 1883, relative to the important matter placed 
in our hands. The object of our meeting being to mature and to submit, 
for the consideration of and the adoption by said Synods in convention 
assembled, some expedient, judicious, equitable plan, or policy, to pre- 
vent — between these Synods in their efforts to extend the Redeemer's King- 
dom in the occupancy of places, the establishment of missions, the erec- 
tion of church edifices, the organization of congregations, etc., — conflicts 
calculated to disparage the efforts at and the prosperity of such places, 
establishments, erections, organizations, etc., as are already occupied 
and inaugurated by the one or the other of these Synods, and in process 
of existence, — we submit the subjoined plan or policy as practicable and 
effective : 

1. That inasmuch as the aforesaid Synods confess, and teach in ac- 
cordance with the confessional basis of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

as set forth in her Symbols, and so long as these Synods shall thus con- 
fess and teach, neither Synod, in its efforts to promote the Gospel and 
cause of Christ, shall occupy places, erect churches, establish missions, 
organize congregations, etc., where such things have already been done 
or instituted by the other, in villages or towns whose inhabitants do not 
exceed 2,000 ; and, so too, in regard to churches and church-work in the 
country or communities, as due respect should be paid to locations at a 
reasonable distance, in order to prevent conflict of interest by the inaugu- 
ration of such efforts too nearly contiguous. 

2. That in towns or cities the number of whose inhabitants shall ex- 
ceed 2,000, or shall be large enough to support two or more Lutheran 
Churches, it may be advantageous and proper for both Synods to operate 
without any view of conflict or infringement. 

3. That when or where the one Synod has a member or members re- 
siding in a community, village, or town, already occupied by the other 
Synod, it shall be the duty of that Synod, having such member or mem- 
bers, to advise the same, to unite with those of the Lutheran faith already 
engaged in the Redeemer's work in such town or village. 

4. That in all proper efforts to promote the interests of the Church, 
friendly Christian relations between the two Synods shall be maintained 
and cherished, each respecting the rights of the other, as it becomes Chris- 
tians to do in the dissemination of the Gospel, and in the promotion of 
the Church. 

This paper was subscribed by each member of the respective Com- 
mittees, as follows : 

L. A. BIKLE, ) Com. of 

S. ROTHROCK, - N. C. 
D. R. HOOVER. ) Synod. 

A. J. FOX, ) Com. of 

P. C. HENKEL, - Tenn. 
AMB. COSTNER. ) Synod. 

Inasmuch as the Evang. Lutheran Synod of North Carolina has, in 
her late annual convention, adopted these articles of agreement, your 
Committee most respectfully recommends their unanimous adoption by 
this Synod. Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX, 

P. C. HENKEL, 

A. COSTNER. 

Item 8. Answers to be heard through the Parochial re- 
ports. 

Item 9. Deferred for future actiou. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The following report was received and adopted : 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Report of Delegate to Holston Synod. 

Report of visit to the E. L. Holston Synod, as alternate of the Dele- 
gate appointed in 1882: 

Inasmuch as 6 congregations, in the State of Tennessee, lately vaca- 
ted hy the removal of Rev. Professors Wagner and Barb, had extended a 
call to me, to become their pastor, I decided to visit them, and extend my 
visit, some 70 miles, and attend the annual convention of the E. L. Hol- 
ston Synod, in Buehler's Church, Sulivan co., Tenn., Dr. A. J. Brown, 
pastor. 

Not being well, I did not attend on the first day of the meeting; but 
on the morning of the second day, though considerably indisposed, I put 
in my appearance, and was most kindly and cordially received by all the 
members of Synod. 

Inasmuch as I had not been informed by Rev. S. Henkel, who was 
delegate primarius, that he could noi, attend the Synod, I naturally ex- 
pected to meet him there. In this I was disappointed. As he was absent, 
I was introduced and received as corresponding delegate from this Synod. 
But on taking my seat, I was considerably embarrassed to find an offi- 
cial letter, containing the fraternal greetings of this Synod, etc. The Syn- 
od, however, somehow managed to retain me as the corresponding dele- 
gate, and also receive and recognize the official letter of the principal. 

I am exceedingly sorry, that I was so much indisposed as to prevent 
rny attending much upon their deliberations, but from what I saw and 
could learn, I feel confident that a spirit of zeal and activity, in the Mas- 
ter's cause, prevails, that is both commendable and that others will do 
well to emulate. 

Rev. A. J. Brown, D. D., was appointed delegate to this Synod, and 
Rev. J. C. Miller, alternate. 

I would respectfully recommend the appointment of a delegate by 
this Synod, to meet that Synod in her next annual convention. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. FOX. 

The report of the Committee on Letters and Petitions 
was received and considered by items. 

Report on Letters and Petitions. 

Your Committee on Letters and Petitions woidd respectfully submit 
the following report : 

No. 1 — Letters from Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. W. Hausenfluck, and 
J. A. Cromer, asking that they be excused from attending the present ses- 
sion of Synod, giving distance, want of means, and family conditions, as 
the reason of their excuse. AVe recommend that they be excused. 

No. 2 — Petitions from various churches, asking for the examina- 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

tion and ordination of candidates J. A. Rudisill, Junius B. Fox, D. A. 
Sox, D. J. Settlemyre, and J. W. S. Sheppard. We respectfully refer 
this matter to the Committee on examination and ordination. 

No. 3 is a petition from the Elders of St. Martin's, Cabarrus Co., 
St. Martin's, Stanley Co., and Luther Union Churches, stating that their 
pastor, Rev. T. Moscr, in consequence of declining health, is no longer 
able to serve them regularly, and asking Synod to aid in procuring the 
services of another regular pastor. We refer this to the consideration of 
Synod, and we furthermore recommend that if no pastor can be obtained 
that they be supplied with visits from the pastors of the N. C. Conference. 
' No. 4 is a petition from St. Mary's, (Pine Church,) Shenandoah Co., 
Va., asking for the next convention of Synod to be held in their church, 
stating also that this is the third time they have petitioned for the meet- 
ing of Synod. We recommend their petition to the favorable considera- 
tion of Synod. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. F. W. Peschau, Cor. Secretary of N. C. 
Synod, endorsed by the President of his Sjmod. We recommend that his 
letter be read. 

No. 6 is a preamble and resolution of Bethlehem Church, Va., dep- 
recating the expenditure of time, labor and money, in holding the sessions 
of Synod by reason of the widely extended boundaries of Synod, and 
asking for a more practicable, suitable and amicable arrangement of Syn- 
odical boundaries. 

We recommend this to the favorable consideration of Synod in the 
following practicable manner: 

1. That the three State Conferences, composing this Synod, be resolved 
into three Synods, confined by State lines. 

2. That the Tenn. Synod, in order to perpetuate her history, &c. , be 
denominated the Joint Tenn. Synod, and said Synod meet in triennial 
convention on middle ground, composed of the above named three dis- 
trict Synods, and such other Synods as may desire to unite with us, for 
the purpose of transacting and having the superintendence of the general 
church work. 

No. 7 is a letter, signed by G. L. Hunt, M. L. Carpenter, D. C. Huff- 
man, C. H. L. Schuette, making a formal request to meet in a free Con- 
ference the members of this Synod, or as many as are willing to meet with 
them, in or near Conover, on or about the 16th prox. , leaving it to us to 
fix the exact time and place of meeting. The letter concludes with these 
words, " Hoping that you will for the love and peace of our dear church 
give a favorable consideration to our proposal, and answer us at your ear- 
liest convenience, we are yours in the love of Christ." We recommend 
that a committee of two be appointed to meet the undersigned individuals 
of said letter, and ascertain the direct aim and purpose of such proposed 
Conference, and that said committee report early to this Synod. 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

No. 8 is a preamble and resolution, praying this body to advise Zion 
and Hickory congregations to call a pastor, acceptable to the Lutherans 
there, irrespective of" Synodical connection. This communication is 
signed by the committee, H. C. McAlister, Secretary, and Rev. W. A. 
Lutz. We refer this matter to the consideration of Synod. 

No. 9 is a letter from Rev. A. J. Brown, D. D., delegate from the 
Holston Synod to this body, expressing his regret at not being able to 
meet with us in our convention, and conveying to us the fraternal greet- 
ings of said Synod. We hereby express our regret and disappointment 
of Dr. Brown not being able to meet with us. 

No. 10 — Petitions from Evangelical Lutheran congregation in New- 
ton, N. -C., and the Evangelical Lutheran congregation at Antioch, asking 
to be received in connection with this Synod. The former congregation 
have appointed A. A. Brown as delegate to this body. We recommend 
that the congregations be received. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

CI. H. BERNHEIM, 
D. A. GOODMAN, 
J. L. YOUNT. 
Addenda. — No. 11 is a petition of St. John's Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, Cherry ville, N. C, asking to be received in connection with this 
Synod, and F. C. Sipe elected delegate. 

We recommend their petition be granted. 
Respectfully, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 

D. A. GOODMAN. 

Synod adjourned for divine service and refreshments. 

Monday, 2 o'clock, P. M. 

Synod was called to order, roll called, and the report of 
the Committee on Letters and Petitions was taken up for con- 
sideration. 

Items and 10 were adopted, and the congregations en- 
rolled. 

Item 7 was amended and adopted. 

Item 2 was adopted. 

Item 1. The recommendations of the Committee were 
sustained. 

Revs. D. Eflrd and L. A. Fox, I). D., were excused for 
non-attendance. 

Item 3. The recommendation Of the Committee was sus- 
tained. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

Pending the consideration of* the report, Synod adjourned 
to meet Tuesday, 16th, at 9 o'clock, A. M. Prayer with the 
President. , 

Tuesday, 16, 9 o'clock, A. M . 

Synod met. Divine services were conducted by Pev. 
C. H. Beruheim. The roll was called, minutes read, correct- 
ed, and adopted. 

The special order for the hour was suspended, and the 
Committee on the President's Report made the following re- 
port, which was received and adopted ; 

Report of Committee on President's Report. 

The committee, to whom was referred the President's report, beg 
leave respectf ully to submit the following in relation thereto : 

The first recommendation calls to the attention of this body the pro- 
priety of considering some general plan or basis upon which the Southern 
Lutheran church might meet for more general church-work. 

In relation to this matter, your committee have only to call the atten- 
tion of this body to the fact, that there is now before it a proposition 
which lies over from last meeting, and which will come up under the 
head of unfinished business, to unite this body with the Southern General 
Sjmod. The discussion of this question will doubtless bring this whole 
subject to the attention of this Synod, and your committee have felt it 
unnecessary to report further upon this point. 

The second recommendation in relation to Concordia College is now 
in the hands of a committee, charged with the whole subject, and we 
deem that it would be improper in us to make any suggestion in relation 
thereto. 

The third recommendation in relation to the agreement between this 
and the North Carolina Synod in relation to mission and other church- 
work has been finally met by a report of a committee of this Synod, es- 
pecially charged with the same, and which has been adopted by this body 
— and your committee ask leave to be discharged from the further con- 
sideration of said report. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, 
HENRY A. MEETZE, 

Committee. 

The Committee on the Constitution made a report on 
the Articles of the Constitution, but not on the By-Laws, 
which report was taken up for consideration, and after some 
discussion was postponed until to-morrow morning, 9 o'clock. 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

On motion, Eev. Prof. J. C. Moser was elected Treasurer 

of the Beneficiary Fund vice Rev. T. Moser resigned on ac- 
count of impaired health, and Eev. S. Henkel, D. D., was ap- 
pointed bis agent in Virginia. Parochial Reports were called 
for, read, and banded to the Secretary. Rev. J. I. Miller, 
who is serving St. Mark's congregation, Luray, Va., in con- 
nection with our Synod, according to a certain understand- 
ing and regulations, made a parochial report. 
The following was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Secretary add a column to the parochial report, in 
which he shall place the numher of souls, as far as reported, and that all 
our ministers be requested to report annually the whole number of souls 
belonging to their charges, that is, all entitled to commune, as well as all 
who are baptized — and not confirmed, in their respective charges. 

Synod adjourned to meet at one o'clock. Benediction 
by the President. 

Tuesday, 1 o'clock, P. M. 

Synod met, the roll was called, and the following report 
was made, received, and adopted: 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report of Beneficiary Fund. 

Your committee on the Treasurer's report of the Beneficiary Fund 
would respectfully report, that they have examined the same, and find 
it correct, leaving a balance in the treasury of $30.94. 
Respectfully submitted, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 

D. A. SOX. 

The following report was received and adopted: 
Report of the Corresponding Secretary. 

There was placed in my hands a copy of the minutes of the Holston 
Synod, which convened in Buehler's Church, Sullivan Co., Tenn., Aug. 
16th to 19th, 1883. The officers are Rev. J. K. Handier, Pres. ; Rev. 
J. G. Schaidt, Secy. ; Mr. Geo. O. Houser, Treas. ; and Rev. G. H. Cox, 
Missionary President. 

The brethren are actively engaged in building up the Master's king- 
dom in their midst. 

C. H. BERNHELM, Core. Secst. 

The consideration of the report on Letters and Petitions 
was resumed. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

Item 4 was adopted and St. Mary's (Pine Church) Church, 
Shenandoah Co., Va., was chosen as the place of the next 
meeting of Synod, and Saturday, 10 o'clock, A. M., before 
the last Sunday in September, 1884, as the time. 

Item 5. The recommendation of the Committee was sus- 
tained, and the letter read. 

Item G. Referred to a special committee, consisting of 
Rev. C. H. Bernheim, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., and Maj. H. A. 
Meetze, with instructions to report to-morrow morning, at 
nine o'clock. All propositions bearing upon the subject of 
union were referred to this committee, among them an 
official letter from the Virginia Synod, addressed to the Sec- 
' retary of this Synod, was read in open Synod. 

Item 8. The following was adopted : 

Resolved, Inasmuch as both Hickory and Zion congregations are sup- 
plied with pastors, we deem it inexpedient to advise the above congrega- 
tions in the matter recommended by the Ex. Com., — H. C. i\fcAlister, 
Secretary. 

Item 9. Adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The following was adopted : 

Besolved, That the Treasurer of Beneficiary Education Fund be re- 
quested to furnish for publication in our minutes the amounts paid for 
beneficiary education, designating specifically the sums contributed by 
each congregation, according to pastorates, as well as the names of spe- 
cial donors. 

The following report of the Committee on the Reception 
of Concordia College was received, considered, and adopted: 

Report of Committee on Reception of Concordia College. 

We, the committee, appointed by Syuod, to confer with the Trustees 
of Concordia College, and prepare an agreement which may serve as a 
basis upon which said school may become the recognized institution of 
Synod, present the following report : 

A meeting of the Board of Trustees having been called, the following 
resolution was adopted : 

Whereas, There seems to be a general desire to establish proper re- 
lations between Concordia College and the Evangelical Lutheran Tennes- 
see Synod, and, 



18 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Whereas, It is generally believed that such relations would inure to 
the interest of this school, as well as to the good of the Synod or Church, 
at a meeting held in said institution, on Oct. 15th, by the Board of Trus- 
tees, the Faculty, and others immediately interested, the following action 
was taken : 

Resolved, That, with a view of establishing proper relations between 
Concordia College, situated at Conover, N. C, and the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, 1. that, when- 
ever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resignation, or re- 
moval, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said Synod shall 
have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a suitable person, or 
persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that the Synod shall have 
the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose duty it shall be annually 
to visit said school, and make such report of the condition of the school 
to each session of the Synod, as may be deemed most advantageous ; 3. 
that it shall be the duty of the President of the Faculty to make a report 
annually to Synod, relative to moral and literary conditionof the school, 
which report shall also be signed by the secretary of the faculty ; 4. that 
the President of the Board of Trustees shall also make an annual report 
to Synod, in regard to the financial condition of the school, which report 
shall likewise be signed by the secretary of the Board of the Trustees ; 
5. that this school shall be continued and conducted as a church institu- 
tion, under such rules and regulations, as may be instituted by the Board 
of Trustees, in accordance with the charter, and the Confessions of the 
Church as set forth in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, in- 
structor, or professor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said 
school that is contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said institu- 
tion its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence and 
moral force ; provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to rec- 
ommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such vacancy or 
vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution, shall proceed to fill 
such vacancy or vacancies. 
J. M. SMITH. Secretary. D. D. SEITZ, President. 

We, your committee, offer the following resolution : 
Resolved, That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made to us 
by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in consideration 
of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to said institu- 
tion our fostering care, influence, and moral support. 

J. C. MOSER, 

J. R. PETERSON, 

C. H. BERNHEIM. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

Synod adjourned to meet at seven o'clock, P. M. Bene- 
diction by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 

Tuesday, 7 o'clock, P. M. 

Synod met, and the roll was called. Revs. E. L. Lybrand , 
D. A. Goodman, and M. L. Fox were excused from further 
attendance. 

Rev. I. Conder was excused for non-attendance. 

The following vote of thanks was passed : 

Resolved, That we, the members of this Convention of Synod, here- 
by tender our most sincere thanks to the members of this congregation 
and other citizens of this vicinity for the very kind, cordial manner in which 
they have received and entertained us, during our stay among them ; and 
that the minister of this congregation read this resolution to the congre- 
gation at the first service held in this church. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of 
the Minutes of this convention of Synod printed, to supply the calls for 
them, and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies ; each 
beneficiary and applicant one copy ; each general body of Lutherans in 
this country one copy ; the Synods with which this Synod is in corre- 
spondence one copy each ; our institutions of learning one copy each; our 
Lutheran publications one copy each. 

On motion, the Treasurer was instructed to hunt up a 
blank book once used by Synod for preserving the clerical 
and congregational rolls, and it that cannot be found he buy 
and forward to the Secretary a suitable book for that pur- 
pose, and that he use funds of Synod in his hands. 

The following corresponding delegates were appointed : 

To S. C. Synod: — Rev. J. S. Koiner, Principal; Rev. E. 
L. Lybrand, Alternate. 

To Virginia Synod: — Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Principal; 
Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Alternate. 

To N. C. Synod : — Rev. C. H. Bernheim, Principal ; 
Rev. W. P. Cline, Alternate. 

To Holston Synod: — Rev. J. M. Smith, Principal; Rev. 
J. K. Efird, Alternate. 

On motion, the Secretary was requested to furnish an 
abstract of the minutes for publication in Our Church 
Paper, and request the Lutheran Visitor to copy. 



20 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Synod adjourned to meet to-morrow morning, at 8£ 
o'clock. Prayer with Kev. C. H. Bernheim. 

Wednesday, 8J o'clock, A. M. 

Synod met, and divine service was conducted by Eev. 
A. L. Grouse. The roll was called, minutes read, received, 
and adopted. 

The Committee on the Constitution and By-Laws made 
a report which was considered and adopted: 

Report of Committee on the Constitution and By-Laws of Synod. 

Your Committee, appointed to consider amendments to the Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws of Synod, submit the following :* 

CONSTITUTION. 

Article hi. 
Sec. 1. This Synod shall he composed of regularly ordained ministers of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, and lay-delegates. The lay-delegates shall he ap- 
pointed hy the congregations in connection with this Synod t.o represent them in the 
Synodical Meetings. 

That Art. 3, Sec. 1, be so amended as to read: This Synod is an as- 
sociation of congregations. Its conventions shall be composed of regu- 
larly ordained ministers in their connection, and their lay-delegates. 

Sec. 5. No husiness shall be transacted secretly or under closed doors, unless an 
unhappy period should arrive, in which the Church would be liable to persecution, 
except such as relates to the moral character of a minister, and to the examination 
of candidates for the ministerial office. Cases of this kind, if deemed necessary and 
expedient, may be attended to in a private session of Synod. 

That Sec. 5 of Art. 3, be made Sec. 2 of Ait. 6 of the By-Laws. 

Article rv. 
Sec. 1. The husiness of this Synod shall be to employ the proper means for the 
promulgation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to impart its advice in matters of Chris- 
tian faith and life, to detect and expose erroneous doctrines and false teachers, and 
to investigate charges of false doctrines, wrong practice, and immoralities otlife, 
preferred against any of its ministers, and finding them guilty, to expel 
and depose from the Synod and holy office of the ministry, such as refuse after ad- 
monition to repent of their wrong. 

That Sec. 1 of Art. 4, be so amended as to read: The business of this 
Synod shall be to employ the proper means for the promulgation of the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ, to impart its advice in matters of Christian faith 
and life, to detect and expose erroneous doctrines and false teachers, to 
recommend orthodox liturgies, hymn books, catechisms, parochial and 

* Memorandum. — The matter which appears in the smaller type, presents the 
reading of the present constitution in regard to the Articles and Sections indicated, 
and to be amended, and that in the larger, the reading of the constitution as amend- 
ed, relative, to said Articles and Sections.— Publishers. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

Sunday-school books, to engage in missionary work — domestic and for- 
eign, to aid indigent young men in preparing for the work of the minis- 
try, and to investigate charges of false doctrines, wrong practices and 
immoralities of life, preferred against any of its ministers, and finding 
them guilty, to suspend or expel from Synod such as are deemed unwor- 
thy to bear the office, and advise their pastorates to sever their official 
relations with them. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of Synod as soon as the wants of the church shall de- 
mand, and its resources will justify, to engage in the work of Missions both domes- 
tic and foreign : and also in the work of Beneficiary Education for the purpose of 
preparing indigent young men of talents and piety for the work of the ministry in 
connection with the Lutheran Church according to such regulations as it may adopt, 
and consider best calculated to promote these great objects. 

That Sec. 2 of Art. 4, be stricken out. 

Sec. 3. Upon application to examine candidates for the ministry, this Synod shall 
make the necessary provisions to attend to such application, and after due approval 
by a majority of two-thirds of the members voting, appointing one or more Pastors 
to consecrate such candidate to the office of the ministry at some suitable time ami 
place by the laying on of hands and prayer. 

That Sec. 3 (2) of Art. 4, be so amended as to read : Upon applica- 
tion to examine candidates for the ministry, this Sjmod shall make the 
necessary provisions to attend to such application, and after due approval 
appoint one or more pastors to consecrate such candidate to the office of 
the ministry, by the laying on of hands and prayer. 

Sec. 5. Upon application, this Synod may receive congregations who may desire 
to be connected with it, provided they subscribe this Constitution. 

That Sec. 5 (4) of Art. 4, be so amended as to read: Upon applica- 
tion, this Synod may receive congregations in its connection, provided 
they subscribe this constitution. 

BY-LAWS. 

That sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 of Art. 4, be stricken out, and the 
following substituted : 

Sec. 2. Should any member of the church know a minister to be 
guilty of a private offense, he shall reprove him according to Matt. 18, 
15 ; and, if in the process, as required in this text, he be restored fully to 
the favor of his charge, or congregation, as to his membership and fitness 
to perform the functions of the ministry, the matter should rest here ; but 
if his offense shall have been of such a serious character, in violating the 
principles of piety, rules of morality, or errors in the fundamental doc- 
trines of our church, and the decisions of the congregation or charge shall 
not have been satisfactory to the Synod, Synod shall investigate the mat- 
ter, and, if in her judgment, his offense has been such as to disqualify 
him to discharge the functions of the ministry, she shall sever his Synod- 
ical relation, and recommend the congregation or congregations to sever 



22 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

his pastoral or ministerial relations ; and any congregation refusing to do 
so, its connection with this Synod shall be dissolved. 

Sec. 3. In the event of an offense committed by a minister of this 
Synod, requiring the aid of Synod to adjust it satisfactorily, the member 
or members, acquainted with the facts in the case, shall immediately in- 
form the president of Synod, who shall call, without delay, a session of 
Sjuiod, if two ministers and two laymen request it, to be held in one of the 
congregations of the accused. The president shall notify the parties of 
the call session, and enjoin it upon them to appear at the time and place 
appointed, prepared to furnish all the testimony for and against the ac- 
cused. When all the evidence shall have been collected, the Synod shall 
proceed to give the subject a fair, candid, and impartial investigation, and 
dispose of it according to the evidence in the case. 

Sec. 4. If a minister against whom serious charges are preferred, be 
duly notiried and he refuse to attend the meeting appointed to investigate 
his case, his connection with Synod shall be severed, and his charge ad- 
vised to sever his pastoral and ministerial relations. 

That Sec. 2 of Art. 5, be stricken out. 

That Sec. 3 of Art. 5, be stricken out, and the following be substituted 
in its place : 

Sec. 3. Whenever one or more congregations make application for 
the services of a candidate for the ministry, he shall be carefully exam- 
ined in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sus- 
tains the examination to the satisfaction of Synod, he shall be ordained to 
the office of pastor, according to Article IV, Sec. 3 of Constitution. 

That Sec. 4 of Art. 5, be stricken out. 

That relative to the reception of ministers or candidates for the min- 
istry, and pulpit and altar fellowship, we recommend that the following, 
known as the Summit Rule, be adhered to, which reads as follows : 

This Synod is invested only with advisory powder ; and whereas the 
general policy oi this Synod has not been to encourage such doctrines, 
worship or fellowship, be it 

Resolved 1. That this Synod, as we have, so far as we know, no min- 
ister now in affiliation with such societies, we advise all who may be look- 
ing to the office of the ministry in connection with this Synod, not to 
associate or hold fellowship with any societies that practice a deistic wor- 
ship or service, to the disparagement of the adoration due Jesus Christ, 
or that comes in conflict with the orthodox worship of the Church, or 
that sets up a plan of salvation coming in conflict with that set forth in 
Divine Revelation, through the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Me- 
diator between God and man ; as it is the sentiment of this S3Tiod that 
such could not be received. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

2. That we regard these matters as subjects for investigation and in- 
struction, and our ministers are advised to give such information as they 
may deem proper, when it is desired. 

3. With respect to altar and pulpit fellowship, it is the sentiment of 
this Synod, that our ministers and people adhere to the practice set forth 
in the Confessions of the Church, using all necessary precaution, pru- 
dence, and judiciousness in the exercise of such privileges, lest the sacred- 
ness of the altar and pulpit be violated, or the consciences of some be 
oppressed, and reference should always be had to the preparation, desig- 
nated in the Augsburg Confession, article eleven, and in Luther's Cate- 
chism, where it is said, " Let a man examine himself," etc.; and "He 
only is truly worthy and well prepared, who has faith in these words," etc. 

4. In regard to Chiliasm, we would simply say, it is clearly rejected 
in the 17th article of the Augsburg Confession. 

SOCRATES HENKEL, 
T. MOSER, 
P. C. HENKEL, 
A. L. GROUSE. 
The following - was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Rev. A. L. Yount be requested to furnish Oue 
Church Paper with a copy of his sermon, delivered before Synod on 
Monday night, the 15th inst. 

In answer to an inquiry about the meaning of the " Sum- 
mit Bide," the following was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod holds that the Summit Rule does not favor 
Pulpit and Altar service with the denominations. 

The following report was received for consideration : 
Report of Committee on Districting. Joint Union, &c. 

We, your committee, appointed to report on all propositions bearing 
on the subject of districting the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 
and forming a joint union out of said districts and other synods, that may 
favor such joint union, and that of a Southern Lutheran Synodical Confer- 
ence, submit the following : 

Wheeeas the committee on letters and petitions recommend, that 
the three State Conferences, composing the E. L. Tenn. Synod, be re- 
solved into three Synods, confined by State lines ; second, that the E. L. 
Tenn. Synod, in order to perpetuate her history, &c, be denominated the 
Joint Tenn. Synod, and meet in triennial conventions on middle ground, 
composed of the above named three district Synods, and such other Syn- 
ods as may desire to unite with us, for the purpose of transacting and 
having the superintendence of the general church work of said Joint Syn- 
od ; we your committee respectfully recommend, that this matter be re- 
ferred to these Conferences for consideration, indicating their wishes. 



24 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Whereas, At its last session, a paper was laid before our Synod, 
asking it to take into consideration the propriety of effecting some con- 
nection with the Southern E. L. Genl. Synod ; and 

Whereas the following action was taken by our Synod, relative to 
that request, 

Resolved, That this paper be deferred to our next annual session of 
Synod for consideration ; and 

Whereas there is a desire, as well as an element at work, to estab- 
lish a more general union among the E. L. Synods South, in the form of 
a Genl. Lutheran Southern Synodical Conference, based on the Confes- 
sions of the Church, as extant in the Christian Book of Concord ; be it 
therefore 

1. Resolved, That in view of this aspect of things, we deem it in oppor- 
tune to take any action at this time, in regard to that paper or request ; 

2. Resolved, That it is the sentiment of this Synod, if there be sufficient 
internal union to justify external, organic uuion, that union in the form 
of a Genl. Southern Lutheran Synodical Conference, properly based ou 
the Confessions of the Church, with only advisory power, and invested 
with the more general operations of the Church, is the safest, and most 
feasible, and churchly policy that can be inaugurated, under the present 
circumstances ; 

3. Resolved, That with a view of accomplishing this desirable object, 
this Sjmod appoint a committee, consisting of three from Virginia, four 
from North Carolina, and two from South Carolina, whose duty it shall 
be, provided the move meet with sufficient encouragement in their judg- 
ment, to co-operate with other similar committees, or individuals, who 
may favor such move, in appointing a suitable time and place for the 
assembling of such a diet, and to represent this Synod in such diet, to inaug- 
urate such Southern Lutheran Synodical Coirf erence, submitting the result 
of their efforts and actions to the different Synods for their approval or 
disapproval : and, if deemed proper, appoint another time and place for 
the consummation of such Conference. 

We would further submit, that we rejoice, to be able to state that 
this sentiment is indicated in resolutions, passed by the late sessions of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Holston Synod, as set forth in its minutes, 
transmitted to our Synod, as well as in resolutions, passed at the recent 
sessions of the E. L. Virginia Synod, communicated to us in session as- 
sembled, in which a time and place are designated for the holding of a 
diet or other Conference for such purpose. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 
SOCRATES HENKEL, 
HENRY A. MEETZE- 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

Synod adjourned for refreshments. Benediction by Eev. 
W. P. Cline. 

Wednesday, 2 o'clock, P. M. 

Synod met, and the roll was called. 

The following report was received and adopted : 

Report on Treasurer's Report of the E. L. Tennessee Synod. 

We, your committee, have examined the Treasurer's report, and rind 
it correct. There is in the treasury a balance of seventy dollars and thir- 
ty-eight cents ($70.38.) In the hands of the former Treasurer, $46.20 ; and 
in the hands of Henkel & Co. , $24. 18. We recommend that these amounts 
be paid over into the hands of the newly elected Treasurer. 
Respectfully submitted, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 

D. A. SOX. 
The following was adopted: 

Whereas. There are in this country about 6,370,000 Germans, 700,000 
Swedes, 500,000 Norwegians, and 200,000 Danes ; 

Wheeeas, Lutheran Emigration has taken unprecedented propor- 
tions : Germans, yearly, 232,000 ; Swedes, 59,000; Norwegians, 27,000 ; 
and Danes, 18,000; 

Whereas, About § of the Germans and nearly all the Scandinavians 
are Lutheran ; and , . • 

Whereas, Immigration statistics show that these people scatter over 
the whole country, in eveiy county and town ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we recognize in all this the providence of God in open- 
ing to our church a most effectual door for advancing Christ's cause ; that 
we earnestly request all our pastors and congregations to make special ef- 
forts to keep a list of such people, to circulate among them Lutheran 
tracts and papers in their own languages, to welcome the parents into our 
churches and their children to our Sunday schools, and by exchanging 
pulpits or otherwise to secure a sermon for them occasionally in their na- 
tive tongue. 

Eev. M . J. Stirewalt, of the Indiana Synod, addressed 
Synod in a feeling manner, and, at the request of the Presi- 
dent, was appropriately responded to by Eev. C. H. Bern- 
heim. Eev. A. L. Yount, of the Pittsburg Synod, made an 
interesting and timely address, and was responded to by 
Eev. M. L. Little. 

The following was adopted : 
Resolved, That this Synod urgently request, that every minister iii it's 



26 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

connection arrange to hold a Luther festival in every congregation in his 
charge — services commemorative of the 400th anniversary of the birth of 
Dr. Martin Luther — during the year. 

The following report was read, received, and adopted: 
Report of the Committee on the State of the Church. 

We, your committee on the State of the Church, submit the follow- 
ing brief statement of the facts, as far as we have been able to ascertain 
them : 

Upon a survey of the whole field, we think we are able to report con- 
siderable progress in the work of the Church; and although there are 
many things which must be deplored, yet encouraged by the progress of 
the past year, we are inclined to look on the bright side, and to hope for 
better things in the near future. 

In North Carolina, we are able to report improvement and progress. 
The outlook is more encouraging, we think, than it has been for some 
time. An unusually large number of congregations have been organized, 
during the past year. A number of good church edifices have been 
erected. A growing interest in education has been manifested every- 
where. A greater degree of harmony and unanimity seems to be prevail- 
ing, and the evils heretofore complained of are abating. 

In most quarters, however, there is great negligence in the matter of 
pastoral support, and in some places it appears that absolutely nothing 
is done in the general benevolence of the Church. There is also a great 
want of preachers among us in this State; but the want is bringing its 
supply, and we trust the time is soon coming when the supply will fully 
meet the demand. 

In South Carolina, there appears to be improvement in the general 
condition of our churches. Our people manifest more life in the work of 
the Master. The interest in all the operations of the Church is increasing. 
The Sunday-school work and catechisation are receiving due attention in 
all the congregations. Our pastors now, as in the past, are poorly paid 
for their services. A decided improvement in this respect would result 
in much good to the Church. # In general benevolence, too, there is much 
room for improvement among all our congregations. Proper church dis- 
cipline is not always exercised among our people, and some of the good 
old Lutheran customs are sadly neglected. 

In Virginia, there is a great want of ministers ; but all the churches 
have some service, and are doing as well as possible. Unity and harmony 
prevail among the ministers. The money raised for benevolent purposes 
does not meet the demands of the Church ; and, perhaps, this trouble is 
met with everywhere, and that our people do as well, or better, than others. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

We are glad to hear that our cause in Alabama is still quite hopeful, 
and now becoming more encouraging. 

A. L. GROUSE, 
J. C. MOSER, 
J. K. EFIRD. 
The following was adopted : 

Whereas, The New Market, Va. , edition of the Christian Book of 
Concord is exhausted, be it . . , 

Resolved, That Henkel & Co. be requested to furnish circulars to the 
ministers of this Synod, as well as to other Synods, indicating whether 
they would furnish a new, revised edition of said work, -as a memorial of 
the four-hundredth anniversary of Luther's birth, and the probable cost, 
and whether subscribers would be necessary to secure such publication, 
and that this matter, receive prompt attention, and that the . ministers re- 
spond as soon as possible to such circular. 

The following report was received, and acted upon by 
items: 

Report of Committee on Examination, &c. 

We, your committee on examination of applicants for beneficiary aid, 
and candidates for the ministry, submit the following report : 

We have had a conference with Messrs. W. A. Boyte, J. P. Price, 
W. L. Darr, D. M. Moser, and N. G. Deal, and being satisfied as to their 
qualifications and progress, we recommend that they be placed under 
care of Synod, and directed according to our beneficiary regulations. 

We recommend that Synod appropriate #75.00 to Mr. W. A. Boyte. 
We recommend that Synod appropriate $75.00 to Mr. J. P. Price. 
We recommend the appropriation of #75.00 to Mr. W. L. Darr. 
We also recommend the appropriation of $100.00 to Mr. P. C. Wike. 
We recommend the appropriation of $60.00 to Mr. N. G. Deal. 
To Mr. D. M. Moser, $25.00. ., 

We recommend that these young brethren be directed to pursue their 
studies in Concordia College, Conover, N. C. 

We further recommend that Prof. J. F. Moser be received under the 
care of this Synod, as a candidate for the ministry. 

• J. C. MOSER, 

A. L. CROUSE, 
, J. K. EFIRD, 

J. N. STIREWALT. 
After due consideration, the report was adopted, and the 
appropriations niadei 

Brother T. E. Armentrout was directed to pursue his 
studies under direction of Dr. S. Henkel. 



38 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The report of the committee on papers concerning a 
diet, etc., was taken up and considered by items. After con- 
siderable discussion, the entire report was adopted without 
any change. 

The following were appointed delegates according to the 
provisions of the report : 

Eev. S. Henkel, D. D., Rev. A. L. Grouse, Maj. A. Koiner, 
from Virginia. Rev. P. 0. Henkel, D. D., Rev. C. H. Bern- 
heim, Rev. M. L. Little, A. Costner, Esq., from North Caro- 
lina. Rev. J. S. Koiner and H. A. Meetze, Esq., from South 
Carolina. 

The following report was made, received, and considered 
by items : 

Report of Committee on Ordination. 

Your committee on ordination respectfully submit the following re- 
port: 

1. We have performed the duty assigned to us of examining the breth- 
ren, D. J. Settlemyre, J. A. Rudisill, and D. A. Sox, as applicants for or- 
dination. We find their qualifications, in every respect, quite sufficient 
to warrant our recommendation that they be ordained. 

2. Inasmuch as Prof. Junius B. Fox could not be present at this 
examination, your committee recommend that the request of the petition- 
ers for his examination and ordination be granted, and a committee be 
appointed to attend to that duty. 

3. Whilst a petition was placed in our hands, asking for the exami- 
nation and ordination of Prof. Sheppard, he did not appear before your 

committee. 

S. HENKEL, ) 

A. J. FOX, >■ Committee. 

J. S. KOINER, ) 

Item 1 was adopted, and the ordination ordered to take 
place. * 

Item 2 was adopted, and the N. C. Conference was ap- 
pointed the committee. 

Item 3 was adopted, and it was noted that the S. C. 
Synod requested the right to ordain Mr. Sheppard, as he 
had been educated by that Synod, and for that reason he 
did not appear before the committee. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

» ■ 

Synod adjourned to meet after preaching to-night. 
Benediction by Rev. T. Moser. 

At 7 o'clock, an ordination sermon was preached by 
Rev. Dr. A.J. Fox, after which the candidates were ordained 
by the committee. 

Wednesday, 9 o'clock, P. M. 
Synod met, and the roll was called. 
The following report was made, received, and adopted : 

We, the committee appointed to convey the action of this Synod in 

regard to a certain paper, addressed to this Synod, signed by E. L. Hunt 

and others, requesting a free conference, submit, that we conveyed the 

said action of this Synod relative to this paper, and had a short interview 

with them, and that they furnished us no definite response, but intimated 

that, as their meeting had adjourned, it was too late at this time, for such 

conference. S. HENKEL, ) n „,„ " 

M.L. LITTLE,, r Committee. 

The following was unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the statement of the Rev. 
A. L. Yount of the efforts of the Pennsylvania Synod, to put up a uew 
Seminary building, at Philadelphia. This effort has our warmest sym- 
pathy, and we only regret that we are unable to assist pecuniarily in this 
commendable work, but the wants of our church and her institutions 
prevent it at this time. We commend it to the kind consideration of our 
people, and ask for it donations from individuals. 

The following was adopted :• 

Moved that this Synod instruct its President to grant to Rev. Dr. A. 
J. Fox an honorable dismissal from this body to the Holston Synod, in 
case he request it prior to our next regular convention. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place elected, 
and was closed in due form. 

A. L. GROUSE, Secretary. 



30 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Treasurer's Report. 

Dallas, Gaston Co., N. C.,) 
October 13, 1883. ] 

M. L. LITTLE in AccoCnt with the 

evang. lutheran tennessee si'nod. 
1882. Dr. 

To amount received from Eev. J. K. Efird •$ 2 10 

" " " " " J. A. Cromer 70 

" R. A. Yoder..... 2 50 

" J.R.Peterson 6 30 

" " " " " I. Conder 100 

" P. C. Henkel 3 30 

" " " " " M. L. Fox 50 

" J. S. Koiner 100 

" " " " J. M. Smith 3 50 

" " E. L. Lybrand 170 

" " " " S. Henkel 3 00 

" " " " T. Moser 3 10 

" ". " " " D.A.Goodman .• 140 

" M. L. Little 8 00 

" " " " Emmanuel Laminae 100 

" " " " Louis Shealy 40 

" " " " H. J. Wesinger ' . 10 

A. S. Frick 20 

" " " " Benj. F. Wkitener 2 20 

" " " " Jacob Anthony 140 

Dr. J. W. Eargle 120 

" ' " "' " L.G.Wheeler 100 

" " " C. Bookman 50 

Col. G. H. Chatman 10 

Amount on hand 46 20 

" due Synod from Henkel & Co., as per following statement. 24 18 

Amount total $70 38 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 

Statement. 

Rev. M. LITTLE, Treas., 

In Account with 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1882. Cr. 
Oct. 15, By amount from former Treas $66 80 

" 25, " .- Cash of II. J. Wesinger 20 

Dec. 27, " " " Rev. C. H. Bernheim 2 00 

1883. 

Jan. 5, By cash of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 4 50 

" 12, " " " J. C. Moser 2 30 

Feb. 15, " " " J. N. Stirewalt 2 40 

$78 20 

1883. Dr. 
Dec. 14, To amount paid Henkel & Co., for printing and 

mailing Minutes, $54 02 

To amount to balance $24 18 

$78 20 
To balance due Synod, in hands of Henkel & Co., sub- 
ject to order of Synod , $24 18 

♦ 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

T. MOSER, in Account with 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1882. -" Dr. 

Oct. 21, To cash on hand $70 42 

•Nov. 25, " " St. Martin's church, Stanly 25 

Dec. 9, " " Rev. D. A. Goodman 3 10 

1883. 

Feb. 28, To cash Rev. J. C. Moser 15 00 

" 28, " " " J. S. Koiner 5 00 

. $93 77 

1883. Cr. 

Jan. 20, By cash paid P. C. Wike $40 00 

Feb. 28, " " " D.A.Sox 53 00 

" 28, " " " Postage 13 

$93 13 
Balance onhand ' 64 

Respectfully submitted, 

T. MOSER, Treas. Ben. Education. 



32 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Treasurer's Agent's Report of Beneficiary Fund. 

SOCRATES HENKEL'S Report as Agent for 

Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

Oct. 8. 1883. Dr. 

To am't in rny hands at report or settlement made Oct. 10, 1882. ...$34 47 

1882. • 

Oct. 16, To amount from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 23 20 

" Emmanuel's, S. C 3 60 

" " " " Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge 15 00 

" " " " Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge ) 9 , ftn 

Alabama, $3 00 ; Bethlehem church, $ 21 00 )" MW 

Oct. 16, To amount from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge 8 75 

" " " " Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge 140 

" " " " Bethlehem church, S. O, per C. Bookman 15 00 

" " " " Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge 3 40 

" " " " St. Jacob's, S. O, per Dr. Eargle 15 00 

1883. 

Feb. 10, To amountfrom Mrs. Col. N. I. Henkel 1 00 

Apr. 11, " " Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge > „ n n 

MorningStar, $1 40 ; Mt. Calvary, $1 60 per J. S. Printzj" - ° uu 

May, To am't from Miss Mary E. Sommers, Mt. Nebo church, Va. 1 00 

Oct. 2, " " Rev. S. Henkel's charge ) -\* m 

Emmanuel's, $8.50; Mt. Zion, $5.11 > 

Oct. 2, To am't from St. Luke's, per Rev. J. I. Miller 5 00 

$167 43 

1882. Cr. 

Oct. 17, By amount paid Beneficiary D. A. Sox . $75 00 

" " " " " P. C. Wike. 40 00 

1883. 

Mar. 9, By amount paid Beneficiary, D. A. Sox, 

per Treasurer's order, Rev. T. Moser. . 22 00 
By postage 13 

$137 13 

Balance in my hands $30 30 

8. HENKEL. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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RELIGIOUS EXERCISES. 

SATURDAY. 

Sy nodical Sermon— Eev. J. 1ST. Stirewalt, 1 Cor. 3-11, at 
10 o'clock, A. M. Eev. E. L. Lybrand— 7, P. M. 

SUNDAY. 

In College Chapel, 10£, A. M— Eev. S. Henkel, D. D., 
Mark 16, 16. 

In Grove, 10J, A. M— Eev. C. H. Bernheim, Matt. 22, 
11-13. 

In College Chapel, 1, P. M. — -Service of the Holy Com- 
munion, conducted by the President, and the Sacrament ad- 
ministered to 207 communicants. 

Eev. M. J. Stirewalt, of Indiana, 7, P. M., Matt. 6, 33. 

MONDAY. 

Eev. A. L. Crouse— 11 A. M.— 1 Cor. 9, 24-27. 

Eev. A. L. Youut, of Nova Scotia, 7, P. M— Ps. 126, 3. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY 

1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 

2.— Call of Clerical Eoll. 

3. — Eeception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Eeading of President's Eeport. 

5. — Election of Officers. 

6. — Eeception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Eeception of Letters and Petitions. 

8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 

1. — Devotion. 

2,— Calling of Eoll. 

3. — Beading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Eeports of Standing Committees. 

6. — Eeports of Special Committees. 

7. — Eesolutions. 

8. — New Business. 

9.~-Devotion. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to teach his people the 
duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his congregations col- 
lections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular conven- 
tion of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the con- 
dition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to 
their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a 
loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge 
and other qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by 
some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers and con- 
gregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who 
make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by 
Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to their 
confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons of age 
and experience make application, or such young persons as have been so 
favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted 
with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, seek 
church privileges, we recommend that their request be granted ; but, in 
no case, until such persons have been examined by the pastor, before the 
council, and have been approved by them. 

♦ — 

THEOLOGICAL COURSE FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS. 



Home's Introduction, — Price, #4.50. 

Kurtz's Sacred History, " $1.50. 

Kurtz's Church History, " $3.00. 

Hutter's Compend, " $1.50. 

Book of Concord, (Heukel, 

First Edition), " $2.75. 

Book of Concord, (Jacob's 

Edition, 1882), " $6.00. 



Knapp's Theology, — Price, $3.00. 
Krauth's Conservative Re-» 

formation, " $5.00. 

Schmidt's Dogmatics, " $6.00. 

Mann's Schmidt's Ethics, " $1.25. 

Vinet's Homiletics, " $1.75. 

Ripley's Sac. Rhetoric, " $1.25. 

Vinet's Pas. Theology, " $1.25. 

Instruction must be given in Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesias- 
tical Polity. 

At the request of several parties, we append the prices to the above 
list of works, which can be had at our office, if the persons wishing them 
do not care to order the books from the publishers, at the prices given. 

Ten per cent, must be added to the above prices, when the books are 
to be sent by mail, prepaid. We will send them prepaid at the prices 
given, if $2.50 or more dollars' worth are ordered, to one address. 

Address, HENKEL&CO., 

' New Market, Shenandoah Co. , Va. 



INDEX. 

Absentees 12, 14, 19 

Beneficiaries 4 

Beneficiary Appropriations, 27 

Book of Concord 27 

Book for preserving the clerical and congregational rolls 19 

Congregations received 8, 14 

Conference with Hunt etnl 13, 14 

Committee's report on paper concerning same 29 

Corresponding Delegates 19 

Clerical roll 3,4 

Candi dates 4 

Committee on tombstones at the graves of the pastors Henkel 9 

Committee on Ordination Certificate 10 

Delegates to Diet 28 

Election of Treasurer of Beneficiary Education 16 

Honorable dismissal to Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox, if desired 29 

Lay-Delegates 4,5 

Luther Festival 25, 26 

Officers of Synod 2, 7 

Order of Business 34 

Parochial Report 33 

Place and time of next meeting 2 

President's Report ,5, 7 

Preamble and Resolutions on Immigration 25 

Resolution concerning Peima. Synod's new Seminary building 29 

Religious Exercises 34 

Resolution on Parochial Report 16 

Resolution about Hickory and Zion 17 

Resolution about Beneficiary Educational Fund 17 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business . 8j9 

Report of Committee to meet Committee of N. C. Synod 10, il 

Report of Delegate to Holston Synod 12 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 12, 14 

Report of Committee on President's Report 15 

Report of Committee on Treas. Report of Beneficiary Fund 16 

Report of Corresponding Secretary 16 

Report of Committee on Reception of Concordia College 17, 18 

Report of Committee on the Constitution and By-Laws of Synod... .20, 23 

Report of Committee on Districting, Joint Union, &c 23, 24 

Report on Treasurer's Report 25 

Report of the Committee on the State of the Church 26, 27 

Report of Committee on Examination 27 

Report of Committee on Ordination 28 

Standing Resolutions and Theological Course 35 

Standing Committees 2, 8 

Summit Rule and Resolution .22, 23 

Treasurer's Report and Statement ..30, 31 

Treasurer's and his agent's report of Beneficiary Fund 31, 32 

Vote of Thanks............ '..../." 1» 






CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 

(AS REVISED IN 1883.) 



ARTICLE I. 

The name of this Synod shall be The Evangelical Lutheran Ten- 
nessee Synod. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. 1. The Holy Scriptures, the inspired writings of the Old and 
New Testaments, shall be the only rale and standard of doctrine and 
church discipline. , 

Sec. 2. As a true and faithful exhibition of the doctrines of the 
Holy Scriptures, in regard to matters of faith and practice, this Synod 
receives the three Ancient Symbols : the Apostolic, Nicene, and Athana- 
sian creeds ; and the unaltered Augsburg Confession of Faith. It re- 
ceives also the other Symbolical Books of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, viz.: The Apology, the Smalcald Articles, the Smaller and 
Larger Catechisms of Luther, and the Formula of Concord — as true 
Scriptural developments of the doctrines taught in the Augsburg Con- 
fession. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 1. This Synod is an association of congregations. Its conven- 
tions shall be composed of regularly ordained ministers in their connec- 
tion, and their lay -delegates. 

Sec. 2. Each one of these congregations shall have the right to ap- 
point one such delegate, who shall have equal rights and privileges with 
the ministers transacting the business of Synod. 

Sec. 3. Every minister desiring to be received into connection with 
this Synod, shall, on his reception, be required to subscribe this Consti- 
tution. 






CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Seo. 4. No minister, iu connection with this Synod, shall he allowed 
to teach any thing, nor shall Synod transact any business contray to 
the confessional basis as set forth in Article II. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 1. The business of this Synod shall be to employ the proper 
means for the promulgation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to impart its 
advice in matters of Christian faith and life, to detect and expose erro- 
neous doctrines and false teachers, to recommend orthodox liturgies, 
hymn books, catechisms, parochial and Sunday-school hooks, to engage 
in missionar}^ work — domestic and foreign, to aid indigent young men in 
preparing for the work of the ministry, and to investigate charges of 
false doctrines, wrong practices, and immoralities of life, preferred against 
any of its ministers, and, rinding them guilty, to suspend or expel from 
Synod such as are deemed unworthy to bear the office, and advise their 
pastorates to sever their official relations with them. 

Seo. 2. Upon application to examine candidates for the ministry, 
this Synod shall make the necessary provisions to attend to such appli- 
cation, and, after due approval, appoint one or more pastors to conse- 
crate such candidate to the office of the ministry, by the laying on of 
bands and prayer. 

Sec 3. Synod shall require a probationary period of not less than 
one year, during which time all candidates for the ministerial office shall 
be taken on trial. 

Sec. 4. Upon application, this Synod may receive congregations in 
its connection, provided they subscribe ibis Constitution. 

ARTICLE V. 

The officers of this Synod shall be a President, Secretary. Corre- 
sponding Secretary, and Treasurer. A majority of all votes cast will be 
required to constitute an election to any office. The duties of these offi- 
cers shall be such as usually devolve upon the same in other public 
bodies, or as may be made obligatory upon them from time to time by 
Synod. They shall be elected by ballot, at the regular session, annually, 
and hold their offices until their successors are elected. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Synod shall meet from time to time upon its own adjournments. 
Extra sessions may be called by the President, when requested for good 
and sufficient reasons, to do so, by two ministers and two lay-men in its 
connection. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Synod may at any regular meeting, by a concurrence of two-thirds 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



of all the members present, make such regulations and by-laws as may 
be deemed necessary, not inconsistent with this Constitution. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

If any thing contained in these articles should hereafter be deemed 
contrary to the Confessional Basis of this Synod, oppressive, or inexpe- 
dient, it may be altered or amended. But nothing contained in this 
Constitution shall be altered or amended unless a proposition for altera- 
tion or amendment shall have been laid before one of the sessions of 
Synod, in writing, and agreed to by two-thirds of all the members voting. 
The proposition thus agreed to, shall then be laid, in due form, by the 
Synod in its Minutes before the congregations in its connection, for rati- 
fication or rejection by them; and the ministers or vestries of these con- 
gregations shall, at some suitable time, before the next succeeding ses- 
sions of Synod, lake the vote of these congregations, on the Constitu- 
tion as amended, allowing the members to vote for its ratification or re- 
jection and send a statement of the vote to that session of Synod. If, 
then, it shall be ascertained by Synod that a majority of these congrega- 
tions have voted in favor of ratification, the amendment shall become 
and be declared by Synod on the face of its Minutes a valid part of said 
Constitution, and the parts thereof repugnant to such alteration, void. 



RULES OF ORDER AND BY-LAWS. 



RULES OF ORDER. 

Rule 1. — At the time and place appointed for meeting, if three or- 
dained ministers and three lav-delegates be present, they shall consti- 
tute a quorum. 

Rule 2. — The first session shall be opened by the President with 
suitable religious exercises ; and, in the absence of the President, by the 
Secretary ; and, in the absence of both, by one of the older ministers pres- 
ent. And every succeeding session shall be opened and closed with 
prayer, after which, in opening, the roll shall be called and, if the first 
session of the day, the minutes of the preceding day read, amended, if 
necessary, and approved. 

Rule 3. — The lay-delegates shall then present their certificates of 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



election, and their names shall be registered by the Secretary as members 

of Synod. 

Rule 4.— The President shall read his Annual Report as the last 
official act of his term, and then announce the election of officers for the 
ensuing year. The election shall then be held. 

Rule 5. Delegates from other ecclesiastical bodies may be admit- 
ted, and advisory members may be received. 

r ule 6. The minutes of the last session of Synod may be read ; all 

papers intended for Synod shall be handed in ; and verbal notice may be 
iriven of any important business intended to be brought before Synod. 

Rule 7. —If the number of papers laid before Synod be large, the 
President may appoint a committee to class and number them according 
to their contents; if, however, the number be small, the President shall 
arrange them and place them in the hands of the committees to which 
they appropriately belong. The President shall appoint the following 
COMMITTEES : 

1. On President's Report. 

2. On the State of the Church. 
8. On Examination. 

4. On Ordination. 

5. On Letters and Petitions. 

6. On Unfinished Business. 

7. On Missions. 

8. On Church Institutions. 
1). On Treasurer's Reports. 

The President may appoint as many special committees as may be 

necessary. 

Rule 8. — The vacant congregations shall be inquired after, and pro- 
visions shall be made for them. 

Rule 9. — The report of committees may be heard and acted upon 
at any time, and the intervals be occupied by the items of promiscuous 
business. 

Rule 10. — When any member is about to speak or deliver any mat- 
ter, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully address the President, 
but shall uot proceed until recognized by him. 

Rule 11.— Whenever any member shall be called to order by the 
President he shall sit down, and, also, when called to order by any mem- 
ber, unless the President decide in his favor. 

By leave of Synod a member called to order may clear a matter of 
fact or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the decision 
is against him but by permission of the House. Any member may ap- 
peal from the decision of the President, and, if, upon the appeal the de- 
cision be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed: if 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 5 

otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the House ; and if, in the 
judgment of the House, the case requires, he shall be liable to censure. 

Rule 12. — When two or more members rise at the same time the 
President shall name the member to speak. 

Rule 13. — Whilst the President is putting a question to or address- 
ing the House no member shall speak, stand up or walk out or across the 
house ; nor when any member is speaking, entertain private discourse, 
stand or pass between him and the Chair. 

Rule 14. — Every member who shall be in the house when the ques- 
tion's put, shall give his vote, unless the House shall for special reasons 
excuse him. 

Rule 15.— When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated 
by the President, or, if it be written, it shall be handed to the President 
and it shall be read aloud either by himself or some one whom he may 
designate. 

Rule 16. — Every motion shall be written if the President or any two 
members desire it. 

Rule 17. — After a motion is stated or read by the President it shall 
be deemed in possession of the House, but may be withdrawn or amended 
before a decision, except in case of a motion to reconsider, which motion 
shall be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House and shall not 
be withdrawn without the leave of the House. 

Rule 18. — When a question is under discussion, no motion shall be 
received, but to adjourn, to ]&y on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to 
postpone to a certain day, to commit, or to amend. 

Rule 19. — When a question is postponed indefinitely, it shall not be 
acted upon again during the session. 

Rcle 20.— Any member may call for a division of the question when 
it shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the President. 

Rule 21. — When a motion has once been carried in the affirmative 
or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move 
for the reconsideration thereof, and no motion to reconsider shall be taken 
from the table except by a two-thirds vote. 

Rule 22. — When the yeas and nays are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion, and if seconded by one-fifth of the members present, 
the question shall be decided by yeas and nays. 

Rule 23. — Decency of speech shall be observed; and personal reflec- 
tions carefully avoided. 

Rule 24. — No member or otficer shall absent himself from the house 
without leave, unless from sickness or inability. 

Rule 25. — Anj r member may excuse himself at the time of his ap- 
pointment, if he is a member of two standing committees. 

Rule 26. • If any member shall necessarily be absent on any business 



6 CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



of the House when the vote is taken, he shall, on motion, upon entering 
the house be permitted to cast his vote. 

Rule 27. — Each minister in connection with this Synod shall hand in 
his Parochial Report, which may be read before Synod, and shall em- 
brace the usual items, and any other the Synod may at any time require. 

Rule 28. — Election of delegates to ecclesiastical bodies in corre- 
spondence with this S} r nod, shall be held. 

Rule 29. — The time and place of holding the next session of Synod, 
shall be determined. 

Rule 30. — Should any of the officers of Sjmod be absent, they shall 
send their reports with the documents which may have come to their 
hands during the interval of Synod. In case of the necessary absence of 
an officer during the sessions of Synod, he shall nominate a substitule 
pro tempore. 

Rule 31. — A motion to adjourn shall always be in order except when 
the House is voting or some member is speaking, and shall be decided 
without debate. 

Rule 32. — This Synod shall be dismissed by the President with ap- 
propriate religious service. 

Rule 33. — Any of the foregoing rules may be altered or amended, at 
any regular session of Synod, by the concurring vote of two-thirds of the 
members present, after having given notice at the previous session of 
Svnod. 



BY-LAWS. 



ARTICLE I. 

OF THE PRESIDENT OF SYNOD. 

Sec. 1. The President must be chosen from among the ordained min- 
isters of this body ; and at every session of Sjmod, if present, he shall 
deliver the opening sermon ; and in connection with the pastor loci and 
elders of the congregation in which the Synod convenes, shall appoint 
the individuals who shall preach during the sessions of Synod. 

Seo. 2. The President shall preside at all the sessions of Synod ; see 
that order is observed ; not suffer more than one member to speak at a 
time, securing to each the liberty to speak without interruption from 
others ; and prevent the speaker from deviating from the subject before 
the House. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Sec. 3. The President at the commencement of every Synod shall 
present a written report of all the official business transacted, of the let- 
ters received by him, since the last regular meeting, and of all the im- 
portant events that have occurred relating to Synod Avhich may have 
come to his knowledge ; and he may recommend for consideration such 
measures as he may deem necessary or calculated to promote the interest 
of the Church. This report shall be dealt with as other papers coming 
before Synod. 

Sec. 4. If any minister of this Synod removes into the bounds of 
any other Evan. Lutheran Synod, the President, upon his request, may 
grant him an honorable dismission to that Synod. 

Sec. 5. The President, by substituting a chairman, is at liberty to 
take part in the discussion of any subject. When on any question the 
vote should be a tie, the President shall give the casting vote except when 
voting b3 r ballot. 

Sec. 6. Should the President depart this life, or cease to be a mem- 
ber of this Sj'nod, the senior minister shall himself succeed him or shall 
appoint some one to till the chair. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE SECRETARY. 

I 

Sec. 1. The Secretary must be elected from among the ordained 
ministers of this Synod, and should possess suitable qualifications for the . 
discharge of the duties of this office. 

Sec. 2. He shall make a faithful and accurate record of the proceed- 
ings of Synod, and carefully preserve all the papers and documents unless 
otherwise disposed of by the keeper of the archives of Synod. The Sec-* 
retary shall attest with his official signature all certificates, all resolution s 
respecting ministers, delegates or churches, and the Minutes of Synod. 

Sec. 8. If during the interval of the sessions of Synod the Secretary 
should become disqualified for his office or cease to be a member of this 
Synod, the President shall take charge of all the papers of Synod which 
were in his hands and retain them, or shall appoint some one to dis- 
charge the duties of the office until the next meeting of Synod. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF THE TREASURER. 

Sec. 1. The Treasurer shall take charge of all the moneys belonging 
to Synod, and shall keep them subject to its order. He shall present at 
each annual meeting of Synod a detailed and faithful account of the state of 
the Treasury. 

Sec. 2. An order from the President attested by the Secretary, shall 
be a sufficient voucher for him to pay money out of the Treasury. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Sec. 3. The Treasurer is to see to the printing of the Minutes, if the 
Synod orders their publication, and to distribute them to each of the min- 
ister's charges in proportion to the amount of money received by Synod 
from them for that purpose. 

Sec. 4. Should the Treasurer depart this life or become in any way 
disqualified for his office, during the recess of Synod, the Secretary shall 
take charge of all the property belonging to Synod that may be in his 
hands and discharge the duties of the office until the vacancy is filled by 
Synod. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 1. As the honor and success of the Gospel depends very much 
upon the character of its Ministers, the Synod should guard with the 
utmost care and impartiality the characters of its members. No Minister 
on account of his office should be screened from the hands of justice : 
neither, on the other hand, should scandalous charges be received or cir- 
culated against him on slight and uncertain grounds. 

Sec. 2. Should any member of the church know a minister to be 
guilty of a private offense, he shall reprove him according to Matt. IS, 15 ; 
and, if in the process, as required in this text, he be restored fully to the 
favor of his charge, or congregation, as to his membership and fitness to 
perform the functions of the ministry, the matter should rest here ; but 
if his offense shall have been of such a serious character, in violating the 
principles of piety, rules of morality, or errors in the fundamental doc- 
trines of our church, and the decisions of the congregation or charge shall 
not have been satisfactory to the Synod, Synod shall investigate the mat- 
ter, and, if in her judgment, his offense has been such as to disqualify 
him to discharge the functions of the ministry, she shall sever his Synod- 
ical relation, and recommend the congregation or congregations to sever 
his pastoral or ministerial relations ; and any congregation refusing to do 
so, its connection with this Synod shall be dissolved. 

Sec. 3. In the event of an offense committed by a minister of this 
Synod, requiring the aid of Synod to adjust it satisfactorily, the member 
or members, acquainted with the facts in the case, shall immediately in- 
form the President of Synod, who shall call, without delay, a session of 
Synod, if two ministers and two laymen request it, to be held in oue of 
the congregations of the accused. The president shall notify the parties of 
the call session, and enjoin it upon them to appear at the time and place 
appointed, prepared to furnish all the testimony for and against the ac- 
cused. When all the evidence shall have been collected, the Synod shall 
proceed to give the subject a fair, candid, and impartial investigation, 
and dispose of it according to the evidence in the case. 

Sec 4. If a minister against whom serious charges are preferred, be 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



duly notified and he refuse to attend the meeting appointed to investigate 
his case, his connection with Synod shall be severed, and his charge ad- 
vised to sever his pastoral and ministerial relations. 

ARTICLE V. 

ADMISSION OF MINISTERS. 

Sec. 1. Any person desiring to become a Minister in this body, shall 
make application to the Synod, when a committee of three shall be ap- 
pointed to confer with him upon his motives in becoming a Minister, and 
ascertain as far as possible his character as regards morality and piety, 
and report the result to Synod ; if it be favorable, he shall then be di- 
rected to place himself under the care of some member of this Synod (who 
may grant him when qualified license to preach and catechise until the 
next annual session); or to put himself under the tuition of some approved 
Theological Seminary. 

In the interim of annual sessions, this application must be made to 
the President, who with another Minister shall examine him, and, if sat- 
isfied, direct him to the care of some Minister or approved Seminary. 

Sec. 2. Whenever one or more congregations make application for 
the licensure of a candidate for the ministry he shall be carefully exam- 
ined in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sus- 
tains the examination to the satisfaction of Synod, he shall be publicly 
licensed to the next annual session of Synod. The vote shall be taken 
by ballot, and it shall require a two-thirds vote to secure license. 

Seo. 3. Whenever one or more Congregations make application for 
the services of a candidate for the ministry, he shall be carefully exam- 
ined in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sus- 
tains the examination to the satisfaction of Synod, he shall be ordained 
to the office of pastor, according to Article IV. Sec. 3 of Constitution. 

ARTICLE VI. 

SPECIAL DUTIES. 

Sec 1. When any particular duty is assigned to any minister or min- 
isters by resolution of Synod, or otherwise, it shall be their duty faith- 
fully to comply with such requirements ; but, should they fail to do so, 
they must render their excuse, if satisfactory, they shall be excused ; if 
not, they shall be censured or otherwise dealt with as the nature of the 
case requires. 

Seo. 2. No business shall be transacted secretly or under closed 
doors, uniess an unhappy period should arrive, in which the Church 
would be liable to persecution, except such as relates to the moral char- 
acter of a minister, and to the examination of candidates for the minis- 
terial office. Cases of this kind, if deemed necessary and expedient, 
may be attended to in a private session of Synod. 



10 CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

Seo. 3. This Synod shall neither invite nor receive advisory mem- 
bers from any other organization, than that of the Lutheran Church ; 
nor ask such to a seat within the bar of Synod. 

*—*- 

SUMMIT EULE. 

OF DOCTRINE AND WORSHIP OF SECRET SOCIETIES, ALTAR AND PULPIT FELLOWSHIP, &C 

As this Synod is invested only with advisory power ; »and as the general 
policy of this Synod has not been to encourage such doctrines, worship 
or fellowship, be it 

Resolved 1. That this Synod, as we have, so far as we know, no 
minister now in affiliation with such societies, we advise all who may 
be looking to the office of the ministry in connection with this Synod, 
not to associate or hold fellowship with any societies that practice a 
deistic worship or service, to the disparagement of the adoration due 
Jesus Christ, or that comes in conflict with the orthodox worship of the 
Church, or that sets up a plan of salvation coming in conflict with that 
set forth in Divine Revelation, through the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. 
as the Mediator between God and man ; as it is the sentiment of this 
Synod that such could not be received. 

2. That we regard these matters as subjects for investigation and in- 
struction, and our ministers are advised to give such information as they 
may deem proper, when it is desired. 

8. With respect to altar and pulpit fellowship, it is the sentiment of 
this Synod, that our ministers and people adhere to the practice set forth 
in the Confessions of the Church, using all necessary precaution, pru- 
dence, and judiciousness in the exercise of such privileges, lest the sa- 
credness of the altar and pulpit be violated, or the consciences of some 
be oppressed, and reference should always be had to the preparation, des- 
ignated in the Augsburg Confession, article eleven, and in Luther's Cate- 
chism, where it is said. "Let a man examine himself," etc. ; and "He 
only is truly worthy and well prepared, who has faith in these words," 

etc. 

4. In regard to Chiliasm, we would simply say, it is clearly rejected 

in the 17th article of the Augsburg Confession. 



Regulations for the Government of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod in the Work of Beneficiary Education. 

Aetiole I. — This Synod shall, from time to time, receive as many 
Beneficiaries, preparing for the Gospel Ministry, into her connection, as 
8he can procure and collect funds to sustain. 

Aetiole II. — E^ery applicant for beneficiary aid from this Synod 
must be subjected to a rigid examination in regard to his Christian char- 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 11 

acter, deportment, designs, talents, and advancements in Literary, or 
Theological attainments. No one can obtain beneficiary aid from this 
Synod, unless he is a member of some one of our congregations, in full 
communion with the same. His moral character and piety must be en- 
tirely above reproach, and his talents must, at least, reach mediocrity. 
He must unqualifiedly receive, and express a willingness to teach, all the 
doctrines of the entire collection of our Evangelical Lutheran Confessions. 
He must, at least, have attained to a sufficient amount of literary knowl- 
edge, to enable him to enter the Freshman class in regular Colleges. He 
must furnish satisfactorj' evidence that he has net, and cannot command, 
the necessary pecuniary means, to qualify him for the work of the Holy 
Ministry from his parents, or any other worldly source. Every applica- 
tion for Beneficiary aid shall be made to the President of the Synod, who, 
upon such application, shall appoint a committee to examine the appli- 
cant or applicants according to the requirements contained in the Synod's 
Regulations for Beneficiary Work, and it shall be the duty of this com- 
mittee to examine and report the result of the examination to the Presi- 
dent of the Synod, who shall, if approved by the committee, recommend 
such applicant or applicants to the favorable attention of S)mod. 

Article III. — Every minister educated by this Synod shall be held, 
in honor bound, to labor within the bounds of this Synod, as Pastor, for 
a term of not less than five years — unless he is excused by a resolution of 
this Synod, which he must ask for, and obtain before he is at liberty to 
make arrangements to go elsewhere. He may be excused upon the 
ground of refunding the money he has received with interest at 6 per 
cent, or upon any other ground satisfactory to this Synod. 

Article IV. — This Synod should have full control of all her Benefi- 
ciaries, in regard to their studies, during the time they are receiving ben- 
eficiary aid from her. They must attend such schools as directed by 
Synod, only, and their studies must be approved by the Synod. They 
may prosecute their studies in either some college, school or Theological 
seminary, as per agreement with this Synod, and they must obtain from 
the President of such Institution, annually, a full report in regard to their 
conduct, capacity, and advancement in their studies, and forward the 
same to the President of this Synod, who shall submit it with his report, 
to the Sj'nod for examination. 

Article V. — Every minister in connection with this Synod is re- 
quired to take up collections for beneficiary purposes, in each of his con- 
gregations, as often in each year as he may deem it expedient, and in 
whatever manner he and his council may think most prudent, and report 
the result of the same to the next annual convention of this Synod. 

Article VI. — There shall be elected annually, by this Synod, a re- 
ceiving and disbursing Agent, who shall discharge the duties of Treas- 



12 ' CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

urer, as described in the following Articles of these regulations ; and hold 
his office until his successor shall be elected, or in case of his death, an- 
other shall be appointed by the President of Synod to fill the vacancy. 

Article VII. — The President of this Synod shall recognize all the 
Beneficiaries received by this Synod, and shall give all orders upon the 
Treasurer in favor of Beneficiaries to whom appropriations have been 
made by the Synod. He shall keep a correct account of all orders given 
by him, and shall annually compare his account with the accounts kept 
by the Treasurer, and report the result of the same to the Synod. He 
must annually report to Synod all his other transactions including the 
number of Beneficiaries, their progress, prospects, and Christian deport- 
ment, and anything else he may deem interesting to the Synod. During 
the periods elapsing between the annual conventions of the Synod, all 
communications on the subject of beneficiary education, and all applica- 
tions for aid, must be addressed to the President, and must be laid by him 
before the annual convention of the Synod. 

Article VIII. — The Secretary of this Synod shall record the reports 
of the President and Treasurer, and in the event of the death or removal 
of the President, the Secretary shall discharge all the duties of the Presi- 
dent in regard to beneficiary operations, until the next Synod shall fill 
the vacancy. 

Article IX. — The Treasurer of the beneficiary funds shall keep a 
clear and correct account of all moneys, which shall come into his hands ; 
and shall report the same to the annual conventions of the Synod, with 
all the disbursements he may make, during the previous Synodical year, 
accompanied with the proper vouchers for each disbursement. He must 
allow and pay all orders of the President out of the funds in his hands. 

Article X. — All moneys collected from congregations, or otherwise, 
and donations for beneficiary purposes, shall be paid over to the Treasurer ; 
for which he shall be required to give his official receipt, to the parties 
who may pay them over to him. 

Article XL — From every Beneficiary who receives any funds appro- 
priated to him by this Synod, the Treasurer shall take suitable bonds, 
made payable to the Treasurer of the beneficiary funds of this Synod, 
for the full amount of all the funds he shall at any time have received, 
with interest at 6 per cent. If he, at any time afterwards, shall, without 
the consent of the Synod, either abandon his studies, or, after completing 
them, refuse to engage in the work of preaching the Gospel of Christ in 
connection with this Synod, during the time specified in Article III, or 
shall for any cause be expelled from this Synod, in either event, the obli- 
gation he has entered into for refunding the money he may have received 
shall immediately become due, and if he should refuse to pa} r the same, 
he shall by such refusal, make himself liable to public exposure. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 13 

Article XII. — These regulations shall be subject to amendment at 
any convention of this Synod. One day's notice is required to be given, 
with a written statement of the amendment asked for, by any one who 
may at any time desire any amendment. 

Article XIII. — All rules and regulations heretofore adopted by this 
Synod, in regard to beneficiary education, are hereby rescinded from the 
adoption of these regulations. 

Probationary Regulations. 

To meet the requirements of the Constitution of Synod, that all can- 
didates for the ministry be held in a state of probation for not less than 
one year, and to direct the studies of such students as pursue their studies 
under private instruction, the following regulations are adopted : 

I. Every such candidate shall be placed under the care of some pas- 
tor in connection with this Synod, under whose direction such student 
shall pursue his studies not less than two years. 

II. The pastor under whose care any student may be placed shall as- 
sign to such student any labor for which lie may be found qualified. 

III. Synod shall prescribe the course of study to be pursued by each 
student. 

IV. The following text-books shall be used, viz.: Kurtz's Church and 
Sacred History, Home's Introduction, Flutter's Compend, Knapp's Theol- 
ogy, Book of Concord, Krauth's Conservative Reformation, Schmidt's 
Dogmatics, Mann's Schmidt's Christian Ethics, Vinet's Homiletics, Vi- 
net's Pastoral Theology. Instruction shall also be given in Liturgies, 
Catechetics, and Ecclesiastical Polity. 

V. There shall be a committee of examination, appointed at each an- 
nual meeting of Synod, before which every student shall be required to 
appear for examination at, or shortly before each convention of Synod. 
It shall be the duty of the committee of examination to report to Synod 
the progress made in his studies by each student. 



MINUTES 



SIXTY-FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



ST. MARY'S (PINE) CHURCH, NEAR MT. JACKSON, VA 



, i ii- , 



SEPT. 27 TO OCT. 2. 1884. 



nenrel & 00., printers, new market, va. ". 
Office of Our Churoii Paper and Shenandoah Valley. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. C. H. BERNHEIM Conover, N. C. 

Secbetaet— Rev. I. CONDER McG-aheysville, Va. 

Coe. Seceetaey — Ret. A. L. GROUSE Waynesboro, Va. 

Teeasueee— Rev. J. N. STIREWALT Stony Man, Va. 

Teeas. Beneficiaey Fund— Rev. J. 0. MOSER Conover, N. C. 

Asst. Teeas. Bene. Fund— Rev. De. S. HENKEL.... New Market, Va. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Missions-. 

Revs. J. M. SMITH, J. C. MOSER, and W. P. CLINE. 

On State of the Church: 
Revs. P. 0. IIENKEL, D. D., J. K. EFIRD. and A. L. CROUSE. 

On Examination : 

Revs. P. 0. HENKEL, D. D., A. L. CROUSE. J. N. STIREWALT, 

J. K. EFIRD. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT MEETING : 
The next Convention will be held in St. Peter's (Meetze's) Church, 
near Lexington. S. C, commencing on Saturday before the first Sunday 
in November, 1885. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTY-FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evang, Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 



St. Mary's (Pine) Church, 
September 27th, 1884. 
The Evan. Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in its sixty- 
fourth annual convention in St. Mary's (Pine) Church, on 
Saturday, September 27th, 1884. 

In the absence of the President, Rev. J. R. Peterson, 
Rev. A. L. Grouse preached the opening sermon from Luke 
18, 10-14. 

After recess the house was called to order. Divine 
service was conducted by Rev. A. L. Grouse, and the cleri- 
cal roll was called. 

Roll of IVSinisters. 
Names. Residences. 

1 Rev. P. C. Henkel. D. D Conover, N. C. 

2 " *J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

8 •' *T. Mosek Mt. Pleasant. N. C. 

4 " +D. Efikd Lexington, S. C. 

5 •' S. Henkel. D. D., New Market, Va. 

6 " C. II. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

7 " iJ. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

8 " I. Conder, McGaheysville, Va. 

9 " *L. A. Fox.D. D Salem, Va. 

10 " J.N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

11 •' M. L. Fox, M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

12 " A. L. Crouse, Waynesboro, Va. 

13 " J. P. Stirewalt, ....New Market, Va. 

* Absent and excused. tAbsent. tAbsent and not excused. 



4 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Names. Residences. 

14 Rev. M. L. Little, Dallas, N. C. 

15 " *J. C. Moser, Conover, N. C. 

16 " J. W. Hausenflttck, Alma, Va. 

17 " J. K. Efird,.... Prosperity, S. C. 

18 " *J. A. Cromer, Columbia, S. C. 

19 " *E. L. Lybrand, Columbia, S. C. 



20 
21 
22 



" JR. A. Yoder, Newton, N. C. 

" *J. S. Koiner, Spring Hill, S. C. 

" *D. A. Goodman ...Happy Home, N. C. 



23 " iW. P. Cline, Fair Grove, N. C. 

24 " *D. A. Sox, Oak Level, Alabama. 

25 " *D. J. Settlemyre, China Grove, N. C. 

26 " J. A. Rudisill, Jug Town, N. C. 

27 " ||H. Wetzel, Woodstock, Va. 

28 " || J. I. Miller, , Luray, Va. 

Candidates for the Ministry : 

T. E. Armentrott, Almondville, Va. 

J. F. Moser, , Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Sigman, Conover, N. C. 

Beneficiaries: 

P. C. Wike, Conover, N. C. 

W. A. Botte, " " 

J.P.Price, 

W. L. Darr, 

N. G. Deal, 

D. M. Moser, 

D. I. Offman, New Market, Va. 

J. Q. Lippard, Statesville, N. C. 

The following Lay-Delegates presented evidences of 
their election, and their names were enrolled : 

Lay-Delegates. 

Names. Chprches Represented. 
Elon O. Henkel, Alternate Joseph Hupp,... Emmanuel, Va. 
Geo. Lohr, Mt. Zion, Va. 

E. Bowman, Zion, Va. 

G. D. Dovel, St. Peter, Va. 

B. M. Switzer, Bethany, Va. 

PniLiP Lour, Mt. Nebo, Va. 

David Golliday, St. David, Va. 

♦Absent and excused. jAbsent and not excused. 

HReceived at this meeting. 



EVANGELICxVL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

Lay-Delegates — Continued. 
Names. Churches Represented. 

Abraham Funkhouser Powder Spring, Va. 

Geo. Sours, Grace Chvujph, Va- 

Geo. Griffith, Morning Star, Va. 

Silone Zirkle, St. Mary's, Va. 

Paul Miller, Solomon's, Va. 

Geo. Arehart Racier, Va. 

Fentox Miller, St. Paul's, Va. 

Abraham Dodsox, St. Jacob's. Va. 

Wm. Schwartz, St. Matthew's, Va. 

A. Prixtz,.... Alma, Va. 

Wm. E. Miller, St. Paul's, Augusta Co.. Va. 

Wm. J. Shexk,. St. Mark's, Va. 

H. J. Good, Cedar Point. Va. 

Reuben Sommees Mt. Calvary, Va. 

Peter Faxsler St. John's Church, Va. 

P. C. Wire, St. James', Grace, Salem, N.C. 

A. J. Moeetz Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

Ma.t. H. A. Meetze, Delegate for all South Carolina congregations. 

The President's report was-; read, received, and re- 
ferred : 

President's Report. 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, in Convention Assembled — 

Dear Brethren: Through the kind providence of our Father in 
Heaven, we have passed through another synodical year, and, with a 
single exception, the ranks of our ministry remain unbroken. On the 
10th day of last June, our lamented brother, Rev. A. J. Fox, departed 
this life. I recommend that a committee be appointed to report suitable 
resolutions to his memory. 

During the early part of the year, I issued orders on the Treasurer 
of the beneficiary fund of synod in favor of beneficiaries — W. A. Boyte, 
Wm. L. Darr. J. P. Price. P. C. Wike and D. M. Moser— for the 
amounts appropriated for the benefit of each. 

Earl} T in July, I received a communication from Rev. J. I. Miller. 
Luray, Va., enclosing a letter of dismission from the Evang. Lutheran 
Synod of Virginia, and asking admission into this Synod. As neither 
the constitution nor the by-laws of Synod confer upon the President au- 
thority to admit ministers of other ecclesiastical bodies to membership, I 
transmit Rev. Miller's certificate to you, and recommend that his appli- 
cation be granted. 

About the middle of July, 1 received a letter from the President of 



G EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

the Evau. Lutheran Synod of South Carolina, asking the co-operation of 
this Synod in the support of the Theological Seminary, located at New- 
berry, S. C. I transmit said letter to you, and recommend that you give 
it proper attention. 

Several changes in pastoral relations have been made, of which I 
received no official notice. Rev. R. A. Yeder informed me that he had 
accepted a call, to supply the congregations made vacant by the death of 
Rev. A. J. Fox, until the end of the present year. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim also informed me that he had accepted calls 
from Sharon and St. Martin's churches, in Iredell county, N. C. 

In the event that the proposed amendment to the constitution and 
by-laws of the Synod shall be approved, I recommend that a committee 
be appointed to prepare the amended constitution and by-laws for the 
press, and thai they be published, either with the Minutes or in separate 
form. 

I cannot too strongly urge upon the pastors and congregations the 
importance of giving greater attention to the first standing resolution of 
Synod, with a view to a better development of the resources of the 
Church. 

"Ncno the God of peace, that brought us again from the dead, our 
Lord Jesus, that Great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the 
everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work ; to do his 
will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through 
Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen." 

J. R. PETERSON. 
On motion, the report was received and referred to the 
proper committee. An election was then held for officers. 
Rev. I. Conder and Silone Zirkle acting- as tellers, the result 
was 

Rev. Prof. C. H. Bernheim, - President. 
" I. Conder, ----- - Secretary. 

" A. L. Grouse, - - Cor. Secretary. 

" J. N. Stirewalt, - - - - Treasurer. 

" Prof. J. C. Moser. - - - - Treas. Ben. Fund. 

" S. Henkel, - - - - . Ass't Treas. Ben. Fund. 

Papers for Synod were called for and placed in the 
hands of proper committees. 

The following committees were appointed: 
1. On President's Report — Revs. S. Henkel, J. P. 
Stirewalt, and Maj. H. A. Meetze. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

2. On State of the Church — Revs. P. C. Henkel, J. 
K. Efird, A. L. Grouse. 

:>. On Examination — Revs. A. L. Crouse, P. C. Henkel, 
J. N. Stirewalt, J. K. Efird. 

4. On Ordination— Revs. S. Henkel, P. C. Henkel, 
and M. L. Fox. 

5. On Letters and Petitions— Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
and Messrs. P. C. Wike and Silone Zirkle. 

6. On Unfinished Business— Revs. I. Conder, J. JST. 
Stirewalt, and Mr. E. O. Henkel. 

7. On Missions — Revs. A. L. Crouse, ,1. W. Hausen- 
fluck, and Oapt. Geo. Arehart. 

8. On Church Institutions— Revs. A. L. Crouse^S^ 
Henkel, and J. W. Hausenfluck. 

9. On Treasurer's Report — Messrs. P. C. Wike and 
Philip Lohr. 

10. Committee on the Report of the President 
of the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, 
and on that of the president of the faculty— revs. 
A. L. Crouse. S. Henkel, and J. W. Hansenfluck. 

Report of Committee on the Henkel Monuments. 

As the on]}' present member of this committee, I beg to report : 
That, in reference to the work at the grave of Rev. Ambrose Henkel, 
I am collecting funds in Virginia, and hope soon to be able to erect a 
suitable monument to mark the resting place of that good man : 

That, in regard to the work at the grave of Rev. Philip Henkel, in 
Randolph county, N. C, I have had some correspondence with a view to 
obtain help from his descendants, but have failed to receive any encour- 
agement. I ask to be discharged from further consideration of this 
part of the duty of the committee, and suggest that a committee be ap- 
pointed in the State of North Carolina, charged with the prosecution of 
this commendable work. A. L. GROUSE. 

On motion, Rev. A. L. Grouse was relieved from further 
duty in North Carolina, and Rev. J. M. Smith was appoint- 
ed to operate in that State in the interest of Rev. Philip 
Henkel in plaee of Rev. A. J. Fox, deceased. 



8 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The following report was read, received, and adopted : 
Report of the Committee on the State of the Church. 

This report has been written and signed by only one member of the 
committee, but the other members have furnished valuable assistance. 

We think that the expressed hope of the committee last year, "for 
better things in the near future," has been so far realized, that we have 
great cause to thank God. The beautiful side of the picture beams with 
increased brightness. Behold, some old things, which vexed the Lord's 
people, have passed away, and some have become new. At the same 
time, some old things, which had been neglected, appear in their proper 
places. There is, if possible, a more sacred regard for the things that 
mark a distinctive type of pure Lutherauism. Aud, although far removed 
from each other, the pastors have increased in their common defense and 
support of the Confessions of the Church. 

The work of building houses of worship, parsonages, and school 
buildings, has been prosecuted with commendable zeal. In some places 
it has been unprecedented. With this progress in substantial things, there 
is unmistakable evidence of increased love and zeal in spiritual things. — 
Very little has been done in the way of organizing new congregations, 
but the old ones have been strengthened. 

The cause of education receives still greater interest. Our college 
and high schools are better patronized, and many elementary schools are 
subject to the guidance of our pastors and laymen. In places there are 
movements to re-establish parochial schools, which our people lost in their 
transition from the German to the English language. 

Sunday-school work and catechisation by the pastors have been per- 
formed in nearly or quite all the congregations, albeit with various de- 
grees of industry and success. Sometimes one is carried on too much 
to the exclusion or neglect of the other. 

In general benevolence, manj T of our people have made praiseworthv 
progress. There have been increased contributions toward beneficiary 
education, missions, and Concordia College. It would be gratifying, if 
we could say this much for all. 

Things that ought not so to be are : 

1. Insufficiency and inefficiency of all the pastors. 

2. Lack of sufficient support of the pastor by the charge. With the 
present arrangement, most of the pastors devote too much time to secu- 
lar pursuits to be able to attend to their spiritual work as Shepherds of 
the flock of God. 

8. Scarcit}" of willing, earnest, persevering laborers in the Sunday- 
schools. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. !) 

4. Want of interest in the edifying literature of the Church, by the 
mass of our people. The Minutes of our Synod, our Lutheran books, 
pamphlets and periodical papers, receive too little attention. In a few 
congregations, the Church Book has not yet been introduced, whilst the 
devotions and growth of the people in divine things are hindered by the 
want of suitable books to use in their public worship. 

5. Among many of our people, the want of a proper estimate of the 
nature and value of public and family worship, the preached Word of 
God, the Christian training of their children, the proper use of the Lord's 
Day, also the indulgence, by some, in vices, such as profanity, intemper- 
ance, superstitious practices, etc. 

(3. Proper church discipline, the want of which Jias wrought great 
damage to the churches in past years, has not yet been restored. 

We cannot close without one local mention. In Alabama a pastor 
has been secured, a parsonage and school-house built on the church land, 
and both congregation and school are doing well. A. L. CROUSE. 

Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning' at o'clock. 
Prayer with Rev. A. L. Grouse. 

Monday, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine service was conducted by Rev. M. L. Little. — 
Minutes of Saturday were read, received, and adopted. 
Prof. J. I) Dreher, Ph. I)., of Roanoke College, Va,, and 
Rev. J. I. Miller, of Luray, Page county, Va., were invited 
to seats as advisory members. 

The treasurer's report was received and referred to 
proper committee. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, your committee on unfinished business, beg to submit the fol- 
lowing : 

(1) On page 10, we find that a committee, composed of Revs. J. 0. 
Moser and J. M. Smith, was appointed to prepare an ordination certifi- 
cate. Has that duty been discharged ? 

(2) With regard to the amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws, 
as adopted at the last session of Synod, we would respectfully inquire, 
whether the said amendments have been duly accepted and ratified by 
all the congregations, to which they were submitted ? 

(3) On page 23, we find a recommendation on the part of the Com- 
mittee on Districting; the Synod, that the matter be referred to the sev- 



10 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

eral conferences composing this Synod. We would ask, Has that rec- 
ommendation been complied with ? 

(4) On page 28, we find that a committee was appointed, at the last 
session of Synod, to confer with similar committees from other Lutheran 
bodies in the South, with a view of appointing a time and place for the 
convention of a Diet, looking to the unification of all Lutherans in the 
South. Has that committee any report to make ? 

(5) On page 27, we find a resolution that Henkel & Co.. Publishers, 
New Market, Va., be requested to furnish circulars to the ministers, 
composing this Synod, as well as to other Synods, indicating whether 
they would furnish a new, revised edition of the Book of Concord, as a 
memorial of the 400th anniversary of Luther's birth, and the probable 
cost, and whether subscribers would be necessary to secure such publica- 
tion. Has this resolution been complied with? 

(6) On the same page, we find that brother T. E. Armentrout was 
directed to pursue his studies under the direction of Dr. S. Henkel. Has 
he done so ? 

(7) On page 19, we find a motion, that the treasurer was instructed 
to hunt up a blank book for preserving the clerical and congregational 
rolls. What about it ? 

(8j On pages 25 and 26, we find a request of Synod, that every min- 
ister in its connection arrange to hold a Luther Festival, in every con- 
gregation in his charge, commemorative of the 400th anniversary of the 
birth of Dr. Martin Luther. Was this done ? 
Respectfully submitted, 

I. CONDER, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 

ELON O. HENKEL. 

Item 1. Nothing done. The Committee was discharged 
and another appointed, consisting of Keys. M. L. Little and 
S. Henkel, D. D. 

Item 2. Referred to a Committee composed of Revs. A. 
L. Cronse, J. P. Stirewalt, and Silone Zirkle. 

Item 2. Complied with. 

Item 4. Committee continued 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 
Synod be authorized to pay out of the treasury the expenses of the delega- 
tion to the diet, to be held on the 12th of November, 1884, in the town of 
Salisbury, N. C, and that each pastor in connection with the Tennessee 
Synod take up collections in each of Ins congregations in order to replace 
in the treasury the amount used for this purpose. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

Items 5 and 6. Postponed. 

Item 7. Complied with. 

Item 8. Partially complied with. 

On motion, Eev. Mr. Whitmore, a minister of the Re- 
formed Church of the United States, was invited to a seat 
with us. 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report and Assistant Treas- 
urers of Beneficiary Fund, 

We, your Committee on Treasurer's Reports, state that we find the 
reports of both Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Funds to 
be correct. 

Balance in the hands of Treasurer, $ 34.23 

" " " Assistant Treasurer. 115.64 

Total, $149.8? 

Respectfully submitted. 

P. C. WIRE, 
PHILIP LOHR. 

Also we state as Committee on the report of Treasurer of Synod, that 
we have examined his report and find it correct. 

Balance in the hands of the treasurer of Synod #72.10 

P. C. WIRE, 
PHILIP LOHR. 

Report on Letters and Petitions. 

We. your Committee on Letters and Petitions, would respectfully re- 
port the following : 

No. 1 is a petition from St. John's congregation, Rockingham Co., 
Va., in which the petitioners pray for admission into this body. We 
recommend that said congregation be received. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. C. Moser, in which he states that 
he cannot attend this meeting of Synod on account of his duties as a 
member of the Faculty of Concordia College. He, therefore, asks to be 
excused. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 3 is a letter from Rev. Prof. L. A. Fox, D. D., stating that on 
account of sickness in family connection, he cannot attend this meeting 
of Synod. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 4 is a letter from Rev. R. A. Yoder in which he states that on 
account of press of labor and great distance to Synod, he cannot attend. 
We recommend that he be excused. 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, in which he expresses his in- 
ability to be present at this meeting for want of funds. We recommend 
that he be excused. 

No. 6 is a letter from Rev. J. R. Peterson, in which he asks to be 
excused for absence and gives his reason, want of means. We recom- 
mend that lie be excused. 

No. 7 is a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, in which he asks to be ex- 
cused from this meeting of Synod. He gives as a reason, want of means. 
We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 8 is a letter from Rev. J. S. Koiner, asking to be excused for his 
absence on account of the health of his family. We recommend that he 
be excused. 

No. 9 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, in which he assigns his excuse 
for absence, the feeble state of his health. We recommend that he be 
excused. 

No. 10 is a letter from Rev. F. W. E. Peschau, Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the North Carolina Synod, in which he conveys the fraternal greet- 
ings of that Synod to ours, and refers to page 9 of their minutes, in which 
it is regretted that neither delegate nor letter was received from our 
Synod at their last convention. 

No. 11 is a letter from Rev. E. L. Lybrand. asking Synod to excuse 
him. He gives as his excuse, press of business and want of means. — 
We recommend that he be excused. 

A. L. GROUSE. 
P. C. WIKE, 
SILONE ZIRKLE. 

Item 1. Eecommendation of Committee complied with. 

Items 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10 and 12. Bevs. Profs. J. C. Moser, 
L. A. Fox, J. E. Peterson, D. A. Sox, J. S. Koiner, T. Moser, 
and E. L. Lybrand, were excused for non-attendance. 

Items 4 and 7. Revs. E. A. Yoder and J. M. Smith were 
not excused. 

Item S. Pending discussion on organizing the Tennes- 
see Synod into three district Synods, it adjourned for re- 
freshments and divine service. Benediction by Eev. I. 
Cornier. 

Monday, 2 o'clock, P. M. 
Synod was called to order and roll called. The further 
consideration of item 8 was postponed until to-morrow. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

Items 9, 10, and 12. Eevs. J. S. Koiner, T. Moser, and E. 
L. Lybrand were excused. Rev. Kuegele was invited to a 
seat with us. 

The Assistant Treasurer's report was placed in the 
hands of committee on Treasurer's report. 

The Committee on the President's Report made the 
following report, which was received and adopted : 

Report of Committee on President's Report. 

We the committee, to whom the President's report was referred, beg 
leave to submit the following : 

(1) The first recommendation requiring attention is in regard to the 
application of Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, of Luray, Page Co., Va., to become 
a member of our Synod, and suggests that the application be granted. 

Relative to this matter, your committee suggest, that the application 
be referred t© the committee on applications. 

(2) In the second place, he recommends, that Synod give proper at- 
tention to a request on the part of the President of South Carolina Synod, 
that our Synod co-operate in supporting a Theological Seminary, located 
at Newberry, South Carolina. 

In regard to this matter, we would remark, that whilst we feel the 
great need of such an institution located at some suitable place in the 
South, and that we feel the importance of giving such institution a liberal 
support, we deem it inopportune to take decisive action in regard to this 
matter at this time, in view of pending events. 

(3) In the third place, he recommends, that a committee be appoint- 
ed, if the proposed amendments to our Constitution and By-laws be 
adopted by Synod, to prepare the amended Constitution and By-laws for 
the press, and that they be published in the Minutes or in a separate form. 

With respect to this matter, we recommend, that the committee 
be appointed, and that the Constitution and By-laws be printed in the 
Minutes, and that 200 copies besides be bound separately, for the use of 
the ministers and each church, or congregation, and that the Secretary 
be that committee. 

(4) Again, he recommends, that a committee be appointed to prepare 
suitable resolutions in regard ,to the death of Rev. A. J. Fox. 

We suggest that said committee be appointed. 
Respectfully submitted, 

S. HENKEL, 
HENRY A. MEETZE, 
J. P. STIREWALT. 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 1. The committee suggests that the application be 
referred to the committee on applications. 

Item U. Recommendation of committee sustained. 

Item o. Adopted. 

Item 4. Revs. A. L. Oouse, ,1. K. Efird, and Maj. H. A. 
#Meetze, were appointed to draft suitable resolutions on the 
death of Rev. A J. Fox. 

Place and Time of Next Meeting. 

St. Peter's (Meetze'sj Church, Lexington county, South 
Carolina — on Saturday before the, hist Sunday of November. 
1885. 

Mr. Win. J. Shenk was excused from further attendance 
during this meeting of Synod. 

Synod now adjourned to meet to-morrow at {) o'clock, 
A. M. 

Prayer with Rev. M. L. Fox. 

Tuesday, 9 o'clock, A. M., Sept, 30th. 

Synod met. Divine services were conducted by Rev. 
Prof. J. I. Miller. The roll was called, and the proceedings 
of yesterday read and adopted. 

The Report of the Committee on Examination was re- 
ceived and considered by items : 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your committee on examination, beg to submit that — 

1. We have had a conference with Rev. H. Wetzel and Rev. Prof. 
J. I. Miller, on doctrinal subjects, and, as far as we have had time to 
examine them, find that they subscribe the doctrines and confessions of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church, and we recommend that they be re- 
ceived as members of this body, and their names lie placed upon the 
clerical roll. 

2. We have also considered a letter from Rev. L. A. Bikle, D. D. 
We recommend that, as it is the custom of this Synod to examine 

applicants for membership in this Synod, the committee on examination 
in N. C, examine the said Dr. Bikle, and if the result prove satisfactory, 
they report the fact to the President, and that he order his name to be 
enrolled as a minister of this Synod. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

3. We have also had a conference with Mr. D. I. Offman, and rec- 
ommend that he he received as a student. Also the name of Mr. John 
Q. Lippard, of N. C, has been handed to us. We refer him to the 
members of our committee in North Carolina. 

4. We recommend that the following appropriations be made, if 
Synod can do so : D. I. Offman, $40 ; P. C. Wike, $120 ; W. L. Darr, 
$75; W. A. Boyte, $100: J. P. Price. $80: N. G. Deal, $G0 : D- M. 
Moser, $60. 

P. C. HENKEL, 
A. L. CROUSE. 
J. N. STIREWALT. 
J. K. EFIRD. 

Item 1. Recommendation of committee sustained. 

Item 2. Amended and adopted. 

Item 3. Adopted. 

Further action on this report was postponed. 

Rexolved, That hereafter the arrangement of the usual Commit- 
tees shall appear in the Minutes in the following order : 

No. 1. On President's Report; No. 2. On the State of the Church: 
No. 3. On Examination ; No. 4. On Ordination ; No. 5. On Letters and 
Petitions : No. 0. On Unfinished Business ; No. 7. On Missions : No. 8. 
On Church Institutions ; No. 0. On Treasurers 1 Reports. 

Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller was excused, after morning ser- 
vice, from further attendance on this meeting*. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business resumed. 

Item 5. The publication of the Book of Concord partially 
complied with. The same committee was continued. 

Item C>. Complied with as far as the health of Mr. T. E. 
Armentrout would permit. 

The 8th item of Report of Committee on Letters and 
Petitions resumed. Pending this animated discussion, 
Synod adjourned until after divine services. 

Benediction by Rev. H. Wetzel. 

Tuesday, 2 o'clock, P. M. 
Synod met, and. after the calling of the roll, the discus- 
sion of the Stli item was continued with increased anima- 
tion. It was finally recommitted to report to-morrow morn- 
ing. 



1(1 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved, That the following be adopted and properly numbered and 
placed among our By-laws: 

This Synod shall neither invite nor receive advisory members from 
any other organization, than that of the Lutheran Church, nor ask such 
to a seat within the bar of Synod. 

Rev. A. L. Grouse was appointed to assist the Secretary, 
in arranging and collating the Revised Constitution and 
By-laws for the press. 

Your committee, appointed to report upon the votes of the congre- 
gations upon the amendments of the Constitution of Synod, submit that 
we find that sixty of our congregations, which are a majority, have adopt- 
ed all of the amendments proposed, and one adopted all except the one 
which amends the old two-thirds majority rule in voting upon the ques- 
tion of the ordination of a candidate. 

We recommend the following: 

Resolved, That the Constitution, By-laws, and Rules of Order, as 
now amended, be and they are hereby declared to be of full force and 
effect ; that they be placed in our book containing clerical and congre- 
gational rolls. 

A. L. GROUSE, 

.!. P. STIREWALT. 

SILONE ZIRKLE. 

Report of Committee on Examination concluded. 
Item 5. Recommendation of committee complied with. 
The sum of $40 was appropriated to Mr. D. I. Offman. 
Synod adjourned. 
Benediction by Rev. P. C. Henkel. 

Wednesday, 9 o'clock, Oct. 1st, 1884. 
Divine services were conducted by Rev. M. L. Fox. 
Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions on item 
No. 8, made the following report, which was adopted : 

No. 8 is a copy of preamble and resolutions, adopted by the North 
Carolina Conference of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, at 
its recent meeting held in St. James Church, Catawba county, N. G, 
urging Synod to resolve herself into three district Synods, and that these 
form a joint Synod. 

We recommend the following: 
Whereas, This Synod, at its convention in October, 1883. took the 
following action, to-wit : 

"Whereas, The committee on letters and petitions recommend, that 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

the three State Conferences, composing the E. L. Tenn. Synod,- be re- 
solved into three Synods, confined by State lines : second, that the E. L. 
Tenn. Synod, in order to perpetuate her history. &c, be denominated 
the Joint Tenn. Synod, and meet in triennial conventions on middle 
ground, composed of the above named three district Synods, and such 
other Synods as may desire to unite with us, for the purpose of transact- 
ing and having the superintendence of the general church work of said 
Joint Synod ; we your committee respectfully recommend, that this 
matter be referred to these Conferences for consideration, indicating 
their wishes." And 

Whereas, A majority of the congregations have not taken decisive 
action in regard to the districting of the E. L. Tenn. Synod and the for- 
mation of a joint union, and 

Whereas, Under the Constitution of this Synod, such change cannot 
be effected except by the consent of a majority of all the congregations, 
therefore. 

Resolved, That the ministers in connection with this Synod be re- 
quired to submit the question of districting and joint union to their re- 
spective congregations, and report- the result to the next meeting of Synod, 
where and when further action may be taken, if deemed necessary. 

The following reports on the moral and financial condi- 
tion of Concordia College were received and adopted : 

Concordia College. Conover, N. C. 

It is made my duty, as President of the Board of Trustees to report 
annually to Synod the financial condition of this school, audit affords me 
pleasure to say, that we have property at Conover in valuation not less 
than •■s6.000.00. but am sorry to report, that there is a debt of not less 
than ^550.00 resting on it yet. and that much is still needed to furnish 
the school with needful apparatus. Ac. 

D. D. SEITZ, Peesidext. 
J. M. SMITH. 

Sec. (if the Board of Tkcstees of Concordia College. 

Sept. :!. 1884. 

Report of the President of Concordia College. Located at Conover. 
Catawba County. N. C. 

Conover, Catawba. County. N. C.,1 
Sept. 24. 1884. >" 
It is made our duty by resolution of the Ev. Luth. Tenn. Synod, 
annually to report to Synod the moral and literary condition of this 
sf;lv >ol . 



18 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



We are happy to be able to state, that its condition in both these re- 
spects is good and highly commendable, and that the School is in a 
prosperous condition, with encouraging prospects for the future. 
Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. IIENKEL, President of the Faculty. 
J. M. SMITH. Seoeetaet. 

Report of Committee on Reports of Concordia College, Conover, 
North Carolina. 

Having examined the report of the President of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Concordia College, as well as that of the President of the Faculty, 
we take pleasure in being able to state, that the financial condition of 
this School is in as favorable a condition as could be expected, in view 
of the circumstances, — the debt unprovided for being only about $550.00 : 
and that the moral and literary condition of the School is commendable 
and praiseworthy, and the prospects for the future, encouraging. 

In regard to the indebtedness, we would suggest that the financial 
ao-ent make an effort to raise an amount sufficient to liquidate the debt, 
and to secure a more desirable outfit for the institution, and that our 
ministers and congregations give him such aid and encouragement as 
deemed proper for the- accomplishment of such object. 
Respectfully submitted. 

A. L. GROUSE. 

S. HENKEL. 

J. W. HAUSENFLUCK. 

Resolved, That this Synod is gratified to learn of the increased 
usefulness of the High School, at Dallas, N. C, under the control and 
direction of Rev. M. L. Little, as Principal, and are satisfied that it de- 
serves the confidence and support of our people. 

• Revs. J. M. Cromer and I). A. Goodman were excused 
for non-attendance, and W. P. Cline not excused. 

Synod adjourned. Benediction by the President. 

W EDNESDAY, 1 o'clock, P. M. 

Synod convened, the roll was called, and the following 
resolutions adopted: 

Resolved, That articles twelve, thirteen, and fourteen of our bene- 
ficiary regulations be and they are hereby repealed. 

Note. — Some time after the list of candidates for the ministry was 
printed off, we learned that Mr. L. L. Lohr, of Gaston co. , N. O, is pur- 
suing a course of studies in Gaston High School, with a view to the min- 
istry. Hence this note.— [Ptxblishees.] • 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

Resolved, That our Beneficiary Regulations and all subsequent action 
thereupon, be placed in the hands of the Committee, on the collation and 
publishing of the Constitution, Rules, and By-Laws, for the same pur- 
pose of collation and publishing. 

The following persons were elected Trustees, of Conover 
College: Rev. A. L. Crouse and Hon. A. Coiner, of Virginia; 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, of North Carolina; Map H. A. Meetze 
and Mr. D. H. Wheeler, of South Carolina. 

Revs. T. Moser, M. L. Fox, and J. K. Eiird were chosen 
to visit, during the present Syuodical year, Conover College, 
and report the condition and prosperity of the School, at 
the next meeting of our Synod. 



IXST HVLEIIVEOIRrX'- OF 



REV. A. J. FOX 



Whereas, Our Lord God has again wisely chastened 
us by the removal from our midst of Rev. Alfred J. 
Fox, and reminded us of his over-ruling providence in 
calling his servant from his labors here to his rest in 
heaven — 

Resolved, That in the death of Father Fox, we rec- 
ognize the loss of a noble and successful servant in the 
Master's earthly work; an earnest, zealous co-laborer 
and a warm-hearted friend and brother. 

Resolved, That we bow, humbly, to the call of Him 
who never errs and only wounds to heal. 

Resolved, That our sympathies are extended to the 
bereaved widow and family, and that, while we mourn 
with them, we cherish upon the altar of his memory 
fond recollections of his virtues. 

Resolved, That this feeble tribute be placed .upon a 
separate page of our Minutes, one copy sent to the 
widow of our brother, and one be published in Our 
Church Paper. 

A. L. GROUSE, 
HENRY A. MEETZE, 
J. K. EFIRD. 



/-■••Bswia, v -ry.'T. 



2KSS ;--TA-.\ "^l\2T£SEr2222 £S^2ES3E3£ZS23S32253: 




EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

The following vote of thanks was passed : 
Resolved, That the President of this body, in the name of the Synod, 
return thanks to the people in the neighborhood of St. Mary's (Pine) 
Church, for their kind and hospitable treatment during its meeting. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of 
the Minutes of this convention of Synod printed, to supply the calls for 
them, and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies; each 
general body of Lutherans in this country, one copy ; and the Synods 
with which this Synod is in correspondence, one copy each ; our institu- 
tions of learning, one copy each ; our Lutheran publications, two copies 
each ; and our beneficiaries and applicants, one copy each. 

Report of committee on examination concluded. 

Item 5. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained, and the following' appropriations made for our bene- 
ficiaries : 

Mr. P. C. Wike, 8120; Mr. W. L. Darr, 875 ; Mr. W. 
A. Boyte, $100; Mr. J. P. Price, $80; Mr. N. G. Deal. 860 ; 
Mr. D. M. Moser, 800. 

Resolved, That the action of the Board of Trustees of Concordia 
College, in calling Revs. C. H. Bernheim and J. S. Koiner to professor- 
ships in said college, meets with the cordial approval of this Synod. 

The following- corresponding delegates were appointed : 

To Virginia Synod : — Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 

To Holston Synod :— Rev. P. C. Henkel. 

To N. C. Synod:— Rev. R. A. Yoder. 

To S. C. Synod :— Rev. J. K. Efird. 

Synod now adjourned to meet at the time and place 
designated, and was closed in due form by the President. 

I. CONDER, Secretary. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Treasurer's Report. 

Stony Man, Page Co., Va.,> 
September 26. 1884. ) 
J. N. STIREWALT in Account with the 

Etang. Lutheran Tenn. Synod. 
1883. Dr. 

Oct. 17, To amount from former Treasurer $46 20 

To amount paid iu for minutes 63 30 

To amount for advertisements 16 00 

To balance due Synod in the hands of Henkel & Co 28 28 

Oct. 26. 1884, To am't due Synod in hands of Henkel & Co 88 

Total amount #154 66 

1883. Cr. 

Dec. 18, By amount paid Henkel & Co., for printing, mail- 
ing, and expressing 1500 copies Tenn. Synod 
Minutes $81 27 

#73 39 
1884. 

Sept. 26, By amount paid Rev. A. L. Crouse for blank 
book for Secretary according to action of Synod 

on page 19 $1 20 

Balance in hands of Treasurer $72 19 



Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

J. C. MOSER. Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1883. Dr. 

Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. T. Moser, former Treasurer as per his 

report to last session of Synod $ 64 

Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. J. S. Koiner's charge — ) 1inn 

Bethlehem $6.00 : St. Thomas. $2.00;"St. Jacob's, $3.00 ) i [ 
Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge — ) „ ft0 

Mt. Nebo. #4.02 : Morning Star. $3.00!'. ) ' u ~ 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

Oct. 10, To cash from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge — ) atr, n ft 

St. Peter's, $4.30 ; Emmanuel's, #4.00 >" ^° au 

Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge — ) 

Lutheran Chapel, $7.20 ; Christ's, .$10.75 ; Sharon, - ... 30 85 
$5.00: Morning Star, $4.50 ; Emmanuel, $3.40 ) 

Oct, 16. To cash from Rev. T. Moser's charge— St. Martin's, $3.50... 3 50 
" "To cash from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge— ) 

St. Stephen's, $10.35; Salem. $7.25; Friendship, - 27 10 

$6.00; St. Peter's, $3.50 ) 

Oct. 16. To cash from Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge — } 

Philadelphia, $7.05 j" 

Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge— St. Paul's, $4.00. . 4 00 
" " " " " R. A. Yoder's charge— St, James,$10.18. 10 18 
" 18, " " " S. Henkcl, Ass't. Treas. as per his re- 
port to last session of Synod 30 30 

Oct. 16, To cash from Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge — > 

Bethlehem, $12.20 »" 

Nov. 20, To cash from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge— ) 

Cedar Grove, $5.20; St. Peter's. $5.00; St. John's.$4.00j 

Dec. 20, To cash from Rev. E. L. Lvbrand's charge — ) 

Zion. $8.00; St. Paul's, $4.70; St, James, $4.40.. >" "" 



05 



12 20 
14 20 
17 10 



Dec. 21, To cash from H. A. Davis 3 50 

1884. 
Jan. 5. To cash from Haley Myers 10 00 

•' •' " " Jacob Byerly 5 00 

Feb. 26, " " Peter A. Keply 5 00 

Mar. 29, " " M. L. Barringer 5 00 

•• " " " James T. Miller 5 00 

" '• Rev. J. C. Moser's charge — ) , 

Concordia, $11.00 ; Sharon, $9.50 : St, Martin's. $5.00 38 98 

Newton, $5.00: Zion, #8.48 ) 

Mar. 31, To cash from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge — 11 00 

April 19, " " Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge — > n - 

St. Peter's, $6.55: Emmanuel, $2.50. / U ' J 

May 3, To cash from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge — ) 

Frienship, $11.79 ; Salem. $4.08 : St, Stephen's, $6.33; - 25 55 

St. Peter's, $3.35 ) 

May 26, To cash from Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge — Bethlehem.... 5 50 

JuneS, '• " '• A. J. Fox's charge— St, Matthew's 7 16 

July 5, " " " T. Moser's charge — Lutheran Union... 3 00 

" 28, " " " D. A. Goodman's charge — Zion 7 05 

Aug. 18, " " " S. Henkel, Asst, Treasurer 50 00 

" 31, •' " " R. A. Yoder's charge— St, James 10 00 

$384.23 



24 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



1883. Ce. 

Nov. 15, By cash to P. C. Wike $50 00 

" 10, " •' W. A. Boyte 25 00 

1884. 
Jan. 5, By cash to Wm. L. Darr '.. 45 00 



" 


8, ' 


i i 


19, ' 


" 


29, ' 


Apri 


1 19, ' 


May 


19, ' 


i i 


23, ' 


July 


14, 


Aug 


9, ' 


Sept 


. 13, ' 



" W. A. Boyte 25 00 

" J. P. Price 40 00 

" D. M. Moser 25 00 

" \V. A. Boyte 25 00 

'• P. C. Wike 25 CO 

" J. P. Price 25 00 

" J. P. Price 10 00 

" P. C. Wike 25 00 

" Wm.L.Darr 30 00 



$350 00 
Sept. 20, By Balance on hand subject to order 

' of Synod $34 23 

$384 23 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
Teeas. of Ben. Fund of Evang. Lttthj^ean Tenn. Synod. 



Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

To balance in my hand at settlement made at Synod, Oct. 8. 1883. #30 30 

1883. 

Nov., To cash from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge 10 00 

Dec. 18, To amount from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge 4 64 

1884. 

Apr. 29, To amount from Mrs. Col. N. I. Henkel 1 00 

May 27, To check, a beqneathment made, by Mrs. Martha S. 
Rhodes, nee Baker, through her executor, Mr. George 
W. Miley $ 150 00 

$195 94 
Oct. 10, Credit by amount paid over to Rev. J. C. Moser, 

Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund $30 30 

1884, Aug. 19, Credit by amount paid same 50 00 80 30 

$80 30 

Balance in my hands $115 64 

S. HENKEL. Asst. Teeas. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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RELIGIOUS EXERCISES. 



SATURDAY. 

Rev. A. L. Grouse, Luke 1G. 

SUNDAY. 

Iii the Church, 10£, A. M.— Rev. 0. H. Beruheini, John 
1,29. 

Iu the Grove, 10£, A. M.— Rev. I. Conder, Rom. 10, 13. 

Confession and Absolution were conducted by the Pas- 
tor Loci and the Sacrament of the Holy Communion was ad- 
ministered to a large number of communicants. 

In Grace Reformed Church, 6J, P. M.— Rev. J. K. Efird, 
John 20, 29. 

In Forestville, 6£, P. M.— Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Ps. 118, 8. 

In New Market— Rev. M. L. Fox, M. D. 

MONDAY, 1 O'CLOCK, P. M. 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, I). D., Acts 2, 39. 

TUESDAY, 1 O'CLOCK, P. M. 

Rev. M. L. Little, Eph. 2, 8. 

In Forestville, 6i, P. M.—Rev. J. K. Eflrd, Matt. 6, 6. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 

1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 

2._Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Reading of President's Report." 

5. — Election of Officers. 

0.— Reception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 

8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 

1.— Devotion. 

2.— Calling of Roll. 

3,. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 

C>. — Reports of Special Committees. 

7. — Resolutions. 

8. — New Business. 

9. — Devotion. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to teach his people the 
duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his congregations col- 
lections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular conven- 
tion of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the con- 
dition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to 
their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a 
loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge 
and other qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by 
some; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers and con- 
gregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who 
make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by 
Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to their 
confirmation. But, in such extraordinary eases, as when persons of age 
and experience make application, or such young persons as have been so 
favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted 
with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, seek 
church privileges, we recommend that their request be granted; but, in 
no case, until such persons have been examined by the pastor, before the 
council, and have been approved by them. 

THEOLOGICAL COURSE FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS. 



Home's Introduction, — Price, $'4.50. 

Kurtz's Sacred History, " $1.50. 

Kurtz's Church History. " $3.00. 

flutter's Compend, " $1.50. 
Book of Concord. (Henkel. 

First Edition), " $2.75. 
Book of Concord. (Jacob's 

Edition, 1882). " $6.00 



Knapp's Theology, — Price, $3.00. 
Krauth's Conservative Pie- 
formation, l> #5.00. 
Schmidt's Dogmatics, " $6.00. 
Mann's Schmidt's Ethics, " $1.25. 
Vinet's Homiletics, " $1.75. 
Riplev's Sac. Rhetoric. " $1.25. 
Vinet's Pas. Theology, '.' $1.25. 



Instruction must be given in Liturgies. Catechetics, and Ecclesias- 
tical Polity. 

At the request of several parties, we append the prices to the above 
list of works, which can be had at our office, if the persons wishing them 
do not care to order the books from the publishers, at the prices given. 

Ten per cent, must be added to the above prices, when the books are 
to be sent by mail, prepaid. We will send them prepaid at the prices 
given, if $2.50 or more dollars' worth are ordered, to one address. 

Address, HENKEL & CO., 

New Market. Shenandoah Co., Va. 



INDEX. 



Appropriations 15, 21 

Beneficiaries 4 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Delegates to other Synods 21 

Lay-Delegates 4 

Officers of Synod 2 

Order of Business 2'! 

Place and time of next meeting 2 

President's Report 5, (i 

Parochial Report 2o 

Roll of Ministers 3 

Report of Committee on Henkel Monuments 7 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church 8 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 9, 10 

Resolution ordering Treasurer to pay Delegates' expenses to the Diet 10 
Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report and Assistant Treasurer's 

of Beneficiary Fund 11 

Report on Letters and Petitions 11 

Report of Committee on President's Report 13 

Report of Committee on Examination 14 

Resolution on Advisory Members 16 

Resolution on Districting and Joint Union 17 

Report of President of Concordia College 17 

Report of Committee on Reports of Concordia College. . 18 

Resolution on Dallas High School \H 

Resolution on Beneficiary Regulations.. 18. 19 

Resolution on death of Rev. Dr. A. J. Fox 20 

Resolution on Printing Minutes 21 

Resolution on Concordia College Professorships 21 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 22 

■Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 24 

Religious Exercises 2(j 

Standing Committees 2 

Standing Resolutions 27 

Treasurer's Report 22 

Theological Course 27 

Vote of Congregations on Amendments 16 

Vote of Thanks 21 



CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 



(AS REVISED IN 1883. 



ARTICLE I. 

The name of this Synod shall be The Evangelical Lutheran Ten- 
nessee Synod. 

ARTICLE II. 

Sec. 1. The Holy Scriptures, the inspired writings of the Old and 
New Testaments, shall be the only rule and standard of doctrine and 
church discipline. 

Sec. 2. As a true and faithful exhibition of the doctrines of the 
Holy Scriptures, in regard to matters of faith and practice, this Synod 
receives the three Ancient Symbols : the Apostolic, Nicene, and Athana- 
sian creeds ; and the unaltered Augsburg Confession of Faith. It re- 
ceives also the other Symbolical Books of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, viz.: The Apology, the Smalcald Articles, the Smaller and 
Larger Catechisms of Luther, and the Formula of Coucord — as true 
Scriptural developments of the doctrines taught in the Augsburg Con- 
fession. 

ARTICLE III. 

Sec. 1. This Synod is an association of congregations. Its conven- 
tions shad be composed of regularly ordained ministers in their connec- 
tion, and their lay -delegates. 

Sec. 2. Each one of these congregations shall have the right to ap- 
point one such delegate, who shall have equal rights and privileges with 
the ministers transacting the business of Synod. 

Seo. 3. Every minister desiring to be received into connection with 
this Synod, shall, on his reception, be required to subscribe this Consti- 
tution. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Sec. 4. No minister, in connection with this Synod, shall be allowed 
to teach any thing, nor shall Synod transact any business eontray to 
the confessional basis as set forth in Article II. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 1. The business of this Synod shall be to employ the proper 
means for the promulgation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to impart its 
advice in matters of Christian faith and life, to detect and expose erro- 
neous doctrines and false teachers, to recommend orthodox liturgies, 
hymn books, catechisms, parochial and Sunday-school books, to engage 
in missionary work — domestic and foreign, to aid indigent young men in 
preparing for the work of the ministry, and to investigate charges of 
false doctrines, wrong practices, and immoralities of life, preferred against 
any of its ministers, and, rinding them guilty, to suspend or expel from 
Synod such as are deemed unworthy to bear the office, and advise their 
pastorates to sever their official relations with them. 

Seo. 2. Upon application to examine candidates for the ministry, 
this Synod shall make the necessary provisions to attend to such appli- 
cation, and, after due approval, appoint one or more pastors to conse- 
crate such candidate to the office of the ministry, by the laying on of 
hands and prayer. 

Sec. 3. Synod shall require a probationary period of not less than 
one year, during which time all candidates for the ministerial office shall 
be taken on trial. 

Sec 4. Upon application, this Synod may receive congregations in 
its connection, provided they subscribe this Constitution. 

ARTICLE V. 

The officers of this Synod shall be a President, Secretary, Corre- 
sponding Secretary, and Treasurer. A majority of all votes cast will be 
required to constitute an election to any office. The duties of these offi- 
cers shall be such as usually devolve upon the same in other public- 
bodies, or as may be made obligatory upon them from time to time by 
Synod. They shall be elected by ballot, at the regular session, annually, 
and hold their offices until their successors are elected. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Synod shall meet from time to time upon its own adjournments. 
Extra sessions may be called by the President, when requested for good 
and sufficient reasons, to do so, by two ministers and two lay-men in its 
connection. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Synod may at any regular meeting, by a concurrence of two-thirds 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



of all the members present, make such regulations and by-laws as may 
be deemed necessary, not inconsistent with this Constitution. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

If any thing contained in these articles should hereafter be deemed 
contrary to the Confessional Basis of this Synod, oppressive, or inexpe- 
dient, it may be altered or amended. But nothing contained iu this 
Constitution shall be altered or amended unless a proposition for altera- 
tion or amendment shall have been laid before one of the sessions of 
Synod, in writing, and agreed to by two-thirds of all the members voting. 
The proposition thus agreed to, shall then be laid, in due form, by the 
Synod in its Minutes before the congregations in its connection, for rati- 
fication or rejection by them; and the ministers or vestries of these con- 
gregations shall, at some suitable time, before the next succeeding ses- 
sions of Synod, take the vote of these congregations, on the Constitu- 
tion as amended, allowing the members to vote for its ratification or re- 
jection and send a statement of the vote to that session of Synod. If, 
then, it shall be ascertained by Synod that a majority of these congrega- 
tions have voted in favor of ratification, the amendment shall become 
and be declared by Synod on the face of its Minutes a valid part of said 
Constitution, and the parts thereof repugnant to sucli alteration, void. 



RULES OF ORDER AND BY-LAWS. 



RULES OF ORDER. 

Rule 1. — At the time and place appointed for meeting, if three or- 
dained ministers and three lay-delegates be present, they shall consti- 
tute a quorum. 

Rule 2. — The first session shall be opened by the President with 
suitable religious exercises : and, in the absence of the President, by the 
Secretary ; and, in the absence of both, by one of the older ministers pres- 
ent. And every succeeding session shall be opened and closed with 
prayer, after which, in opening, the roll shall be called and, if the first 
session of the day, the minutes of the preceding day read, amended, if 
necessary, and approved. 

Rule 3.— The lay-delegates shall then present their certificates of 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



election, and their names shall be registered by the Secretary as members 
of Synod. 

Rule 4.— The President shall read his Annual Report as the last 
official act of his term, and then announce the election of officers for the 
ensuing year. The ejection shall then be held. 

Rule 5.— Delegates from other ecclesiastical bodies may be admit- 
ted, and advisory members may be received. 

Rule 6. — The minutes of the last session of Synod may be read ■ all 
papers intended for Synod shall be handed in ; and verbal notice may be 
given of any important business intended to be brought before Synod. 

Rule 7. —If the number of papers laid before Synod be large, the 
President may appoint a committee to class and number them according 
to their contents; if, however, the number be small, the President shall 
arrange them and place them in the hands of the committees to which 
they appropriately belong. The President shall appoint the following 
COMMITTEES : 

1. On President's Report. 

2. On the State of the Church. 
8. On Examination. 

4. On Ordination. 

5. On Letters and Petitions. 

6. On Unfinished Business. 

7. On Missions. 

8. On Church Institutions. 
0. On Treasurer's Reports. 

The President may appoint as many special committees as may be 
necessary. 

Rule 8.— The vacant congregations shall be inquired after, and pro- 
visions shall be made for them. 

Rule 9.— The report of committees may be heard and acted upon 
at any time, and the intervals be occupied by the items of promiscuous 
business. 

Rule 10. — When any member is about to speak or deliver any mat- 
ter, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully address the President, 
but shall not proceed until recognized by him. 

Rule 11.— Whenever any member shall be called to order by the 
President he shall sit down, and, also, when called to order bv any mem- 
ber, unless the President decide in his favor. 

By leave of Synod a member called to order may clear a matter of 
fact or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the decision 
is against him but by permission of the House. Any member may ap- 
peal from the. decision of the President, and, if, upon the appeal the de- 
cision be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed; if 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the House ; and if, in the 
judgment of the House, the case requires, he shall be liable to censure. 

Rule 12. — When two or more members rise at the same time the 
President shall name the member to speak. 

Rule 13. — Whilst the President is putting a question to or address- 
ing the House no member shall speak, stand up or walk out or across the 
house ; nor when any member is speaking, entertain private discourse, 
stand or pass between him and the Chair. 

Rule 14. — Every member who shall be in the house when the ques- 
tion is put, shall give his vote, unless the House shall for special reasons 
excuse him. 

Rule 15. — When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated 
by the Presideut, or, if it be written, it shall be handed to the President 
and it shall be read aloud either by himself or some one whom he may 
designate. 

Rule 16.— Every motion shall be written if the President or any two 
members desire it. 

Rule 17. — After a motion is stated or read by the President it shall 
be deemed in possession of the House but may be withdrawn or amended 
before a decision, except in case of a motion to reconsider, which motion 
shall be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House and shall not 
be withdrawn without the leave of the House. 

Rule 18. — When a question is under discussion, no motion shall be 
received, but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to 
postpone to a certain day, to commit, or to amend. 

Rule 19. — When a question is postponed indefinitely, it shall not be 
acted upon again during the session. 

Rule 20. — Any member may call for a division of the question when 
it shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the President. 

Rule 21. — When a motion has once been carried in the affirmative 
or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move 
for the reconsideration thereof, and no motion to reconsider shall be taken 
from the table except by a two-thirds vote. 

Rule 22. — When the yeas and nays are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion, and if seconded by one-fifth of the members present, 
the question shall be decided by yeas and nays. 

Rule 23. — Decency of speech shall be observed, and personal reflec- 
tions carefully avoided. 

Rule 24. — No member or officer shall absent himself from the house 
without leave, unless from sickness or inability. 

. Rule 25.— Any member may excuse himself at the time of his ap- 
pointment, # if he is a member of two standing committees. 

Rule 26. - If any member shall necessarily be absent on any business 



(> CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

of the House when the vote is taken, he shall, on motion, upon entering 
the house be permitted to cast his vote. 

Rule 27. — Each minister in connection with this Synod shall hand in 
his Parochial Report, which may be read before Synod, and shall em- 
brace the usual items, and any other the Synod may at any time require. 

Rule 28. — Election of delegates to ecclesiastical bodies in corre- 
spondence with this Synod, shall be held. 

Rule 29. — The time and place of holding the next session of Synod, 
shall be determined. 

Rule 30. — Should an} - of the officers of Synod be absent, they shall 
send their reports with the documents which may have come to their 
hands during the interval of Synod. In case of the necessary absence of 
an officer during the sessions of Synod, he shall nominate a substitute 
pro tempore. 

Rule 31. — A motion to adjourn shall always be in order except when 
the House is voting or some member is speaking, and shall be decided 
without debate. 

Rule 32. — This Synod shall be dismissed by the President with ap- 
propriate religious service. 

Rule 33. — Any of the foregoing rules may be altered or amended, at 
any regular session of Synod, by the concurring vote of two-thirds of the 
members present, after having given notice at the previous session of 
Synod. 



BY-LAWS. 



ARTICLE I. 

OF THE PRESIDENT OF SYNOD. 

Sec. 1. The President must be chosen from among the ordained min- 
isters of this body ; and at every session of Synod, if present, he shall 
deliver the opening sermon ; and in connection with the pastor loci and 
elders of the congregation in wdiich the Synod convenes, shall appoint 
the individuals who shall preach during the sessions of Synod. 

Sec. 2. The President shall preside at all the sessions of Synod; see 
that order is observed ; not suffer more than one member to speak at a 
time, securing to each the liberty to speak without interruption from 
others ; and prevent the speaker from deviating from the subject before 
the House. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Sec. 3. The President at the commencement of every Synod shall 
present a written report of all the official business transacted, of the let- 
ters received by him, since the last regular meeting, and of all the im- 
portant events that have occurred relating to Synod which may have 
come to his knowledge ; and he may recommend for consideration such 
measures as he may deem necessary or calculated to promote the interest 
of the Church. This report shall be dealt with as other papers coming 
before Synod. 

Sec 4. If any minister of this Synod removes into the bounds of 
any other Evan. Lutheran Synod, the President, upon his request, may 
grant him an honorable dismission to that Synod. 

Sec 5. The President, by substituting a chairman, is at liberty to 
take part in the discussion of any subject. When on any question the 
vote should be a tie, the President shall give the casting vote except when 
voting by ballot. 

Sec. 6. Should the President depart this life, or cease to be a mem- 
ber of this Synod, the senior minister shall himself succeed him or shall 
appoint some one to till the chair. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE SECRETARY. 

Sec. 1. The Secretary must be elected from among the ordained 
ministers of this Synod, and should possess suitable qualifications for the 
discharge of the duties of this office. 

Sec. 2. He shall make a faithful and accurate record of the proceed- 
ings of Synod, and carefully preserve all the papers and documents unless 
otherwise disposed of by the keeper of the archives of Synod. The Sec- 
retary shall attest with his official signature all certificates, all resolution s 
respecting ministers, delegates or churches, and the Minutes of Synod. 

Sec. 3. If during the interval of the sessions of Synod the Secretary 
should become disqualified for his office or cease to be a member of this 
Synod, the President shall take charge of all the papers of Synod which 
were in his hands and retain them, or shall appoint some one to dis- 
charge the duties of the office until the next meeting of Synod. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF THE TREASURER. 

Sec. 1. The Treasurer shall take charge of all the moneys belonging 
to Synod, and shall keep them subject to its order. He shall present at 
each annual meeting of Synod a detailed and faithful account of the state of 
the Treasury. 

Sec. 2. An order from the President attested by the Secretary, shall 
be a sufficient voucher for him to pay money out of the Treasury. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 



Sec. 3. The Treasurer is to see to the printing of the Minutes, if the 
Synod orders their publication, and to distribute them to each of the min- 
ister's charges in proportion to the amount of money received by Synod 
from them for that purpose. 

Sec. 4. Should the Treasurer depart this life or become in any way 
disqualified for his office, during the recess of Synod, the Secretary shall 
take charge of all the property belonging to Synod that may be in his 
hands and discharge the duties of the office until the vacancy is filled by 
Synod. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Sec. 1. As the honor and success of the Gospel depends very much 
upon the character of its Ministers, the Synod should guard with the 
utmost care and impartiality the characters of its members. No Minister 
on account of his office should be screened from the hands of justice ; 
neither, on the other hand, should scandalous charges be received or cir- 
culated against him on slight and uncertain grounds. 

Sec. 2. Should any member of the church know a minister to be 
guilt}' of a private offense, he shall reprove him according to Matt. 18, 15 ; 
and, if in the process, as required in this text, he be restored fully to the 
favor of his charge, or congregation, as to his membership and fitness to 
perform the functions of the ministry, the matter should rest here ; but 
if his offense shall have been of such a serious character, in violating the 
principles of piety, rules of morality, or errors in the fundamental doc- 
trines of our church, and the decisions of the congregation or charge shall 
not have been satisfactory to the Synod, Synod shall investigate the mat- 
ter, and, if in her judgment, his offense has been such as to disqualify 
him to discharge the functions of the ministry, she shall sever his Synod- 
ical relation, and recommend the congregation or congregations to sever 
his pastoral or ministerial relations ; and any congregation refusing to do 
so, its connection with this Synod shall be dissolved. 

Sec. 3. In the event of an offense committed by a minister of this 
Synod, requiring the aid of Synod to adjust it satisfactory, the member 
or members, acquainted with the facts in the case, shall immediately in- 
form the President of Synod, who shall call, without delay, a session of 
Synod, if two ministers and two laymen request it, to be held in one of 
the congregations of the accused. The president shall notify the parties of 
the call session, and enjoin it upon them to appear at the time and place 
appointed, prepared to furnish all the testimony for and against the ac- 
cused. When all the evidence shall have been collected, the Synod shall 
proceed to give the subject a fair, candid, and impartial investigation, 
and dispose of it according to the evidence in the case. 

Sec. 4. If a minister against whom serious charges are preferred, be 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 9 



duly notified and he refuse to attend the meeting appointed to investigate 
his case, his connection with Synod shall be severed, and his charge ad- 
vised to sever his pastoral and ministerial relations. 

ARTICLE V. 

ADMISSION OF MINISTERS. 

Sec. 1. Any person desiring to become a Minister in this body, shall 
make application to the Synod, when a committee of three shall be ap- 
pointed to confer with him upon his motives in becoming a Minister, and 
ascertain as far as possible his character as regards morality and piety, 
and report the result to Synod ; if it be favorable, he shall then be di- 
rected to place himself under the care of some member of this Synod (who 
may grant him when qualified license to preach and catechise until the, 
next annual session) ; or to put himself under the tuition of some approved 
Theological Seminary. 

In the interim of annual sessions, this application must be made to 
the President, who with another Minister shall examine him, and, if sat- 
isfied, direct him to the care of some Minister or approved Seminary. 

Sec. 2. Whenever one or more congregations make application for 
the licensure of a candidate for the ministry he shall be carefully exam- 
ined in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sus- 
tains the examination to the satisfaction of Synod, he shall be publicly 
licensed to the next annual session of Synod. The vote shall be taken 
by ballot, and it shall require a two-thirds vote to secure license. 

Seo. 3. Whenever one or more congregations make application for 
the services of a candidate for the ministry, he shall be carefully exam- 
ined in reference to his literary and theological attainments. If he sus- 
tains the examination to the satisfaction of Synod, he shall be ordained 
to the office of pastor, according to Article IV. Sec. 3 of Constitution. 

ARTICLE VI. 

SPECIAL DUTIES. 

Sec. 1. When any particular duty is assigned to any minister or min- 
isters by resolution of Synod, or otherwise, it shall be their duty faith- 
fully to comply with such requirements ; but, should they fail to do so, 
they must render their excuse, if satisfactory, they shall be excused ; if 
not, they shall be censured or otherwise dealt with as the nature of the 
case requires. 

Sec 2. No business shall be transacted secretly or under closed 
doors, unless an unhappy period should arrive, in which the Church 
would be liable to persecution, except such as relates to the moral char- 
acter of a minister, and to the examination of candidates for the minis- 
terial office. Cases of this kind, if deemed necessary and expedient, 
may be attended to in a private session of Synod. 



10 CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

Seo. 3. This Synod shall neither invite nor receive advisory mem- 
bers from any other organization, than that of the Lutheran Church : 
nor ask such to a seat within the bar of Synod. 

SUMMIT KULE. 

OF DOCTEINE AND WOKSHIPOF SECRET SOCIETIES, ALTAR AND PULPIT FELLOWSHIP, &C 

As this Synod is invested only with advisory power ; and as the general 
policy of this Synod has not been to encourage such doctrines, worship 
or fellowship, be it 

Resolved 1. That this Synod, as we have, so far as we know, no 
minister now in affiliation with such societies, we advise all w T ho may 
be looking to the office of the ministry in connection with this Synod, 
not to associate or hold fellowship with any societies that practice a 
deistic worship or service, to the disparagement of the adoration due 
Jesus Christ, or that comes in conflict with the orthodox worship of the 
Church, or that sets up a plan of salvation coming in conflict with that 
set forth in Divine Revelation, through the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, 
as the Mediator between God and man : as it is the sentiment of this 
Synod that such could not be received. 

2. That we regard these matters as subjects for investigation and in- 
struction, and our ministers are advised to give such information as they 
may deem proper, when it is desired. 

3. With respect to altar and pulpit fellowship, it is the sentiment of 
this Synod, that our ministers and people adhere to the practice set forth 
in the Confessions of the Church, using all necessary precaution, pru- 
dence, and judiciousness in the exercise of such privileges, lest the sa- 
credness of the altar and pulpit be violated, or the consciences of some 
be oppressed, and reference should always be had to the preparation, des- 
ignated in the x\-Ugsburg Confession, article eleven, and in Luther's Cate- 
chism, where it is said. "Let a man examine himself," etc. ; and "He 
only is truly worthy and well prepared, who has faith in these words." 

etc. 

4. In regard to Chiliasm, we would simply say, it is clearly rejected 

in the 17th article of the Augsburg Confession. 



Regulations for the Government of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod in the Work of Beneficiary Education. 

Akticle I. — This Synod shall, from time to time, receive as many 
Beneficiaries, preparing for the Gospel Ministry, into her connection, as 
she can procure and collect funds to sustain. 

Article II.— Every applicant for beneficiary aid from this Synod 
must be subjected to a rigid examination in regard to his Christian char- 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 11 

acter, deportment, designs, talents, and advancements in Literary, or 
Theological attainments. No one can obtain beneficiary aid from this 
Synod, unless he is a member of some one of our congregations, in full 
communion with the same. His moral character and piety must be en- 
tirely above reproach, and his talents must, at least, reach mediocrity. 
He must unqualifiedly receive, and express a willingness to teach, all the 
doctrines of the entire collection of our Evangelical Lutheran Confessions. 
He must, at least, have attained to a sufficient amount of literary knowl- 
edge, to enable him to enter the Freshman class in regular Colleges. He 
must furnish satisfactory evideuce that he has not, and cannot command, 
the necessary pecuniary means, to qualify him for the work of the Holy 
Ministry from his parents, or any other worldly source. Every applica- 
tion for Beneficiary aid shall be made to the President of the Synod, who, 
upon such application, shall appoint a committee to examine the appli- 
cant or applicants according to the requirements contained in the Synod's 
Regulations for Beneficiary Work, and it shall be the duty of this com- 
mittee to examine and report the result of the examination to the Presi- 
dent of the Synod, who shall, if approved by the committee, recommend 
such applicant or applicants to the favorable attention of Synod. 

Article III. — Every minister educated by this Synod shall be held, 
in honor bound, to labor within the bounds of this Sjmod, as Pastor, for 
a term of not less than five years — unless he is excused by a resolution of 
this Synod, which he must ask for, and obtain before he is at liberty to 
make arrangements to go elsewhere. He may be excused upon the 
ground of refunding the money he has received with interest at ('» per 
cent, or upon any other ground satisfactory to this Synod. 

Article IY. — This Synod should have full control of all her Benefi- 
ciaries, in regard to their studies, during the time they are receiving ben- 
eficiary aid from her. They must attend such schools as directed by 
Synod, only, and their studies must be approved by the Synod. They 
may prosecute their studies in either some college, school or Theological 
seminary, as per agreement with this Synod, and they must obtain from 
the President of such Institution, annually, a full report in regard to their 
conduct, capacity, and advancement in their studies, and forward the 
same to the President of this Synod, who shall submit, it with his report, 
to the Synod for examination. 

Article Y. — Every minister in connection with this Synod is re- 
quired to take up collections for beneficiary purposes, in each of his con- 
gregations, as often in each year as he may deem it expedient, and in 
whatever manner he and his council may think most prudent, and report 
the result of the same to the next annual convention of this Synod. 

Article VI. — There shall be elected annually, by this Synod, a re- 
ceiving and disbursing Agent, who shall discharge the duties of Treas- 



12 CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

urer, as described in the following Articles of these regulations ; and hold 
his office until his successor shall be elected, or in case of his death, an- 
other shall be appointed by the President of Synod to fill the vacancy. 

Article VII. — The President of this Synod shall recognize all the 
Beneficiaries received by this Synod, and shall give all orders upon the 
Treasurer in favor of Beneficiaries to whom appropriations have been 
made by the Synod. He shall keep a correct account of all orders given 
by him, and shall annually compare his account with the accounts kept 
by the Treasurer, and report the result of the same to the Synod. He 
must annually report to Synod all his other transactions including the 
number of Beneficiaries, their progress, prospects, and Christian deport- 
ment, and anything else he may deem interesting to the Synod. During 
the periods elasping between the annual conventions of the Synod, all 
communications on the subject of beneficiary education, and all applica- 
tions for aid, must be addressed to the President, and must be laid by him 
before the annual convention of the Synod. 

Article VIII.— The Secretary of this Synod shall record the reports 
of the President and Treasurer, and in the event of the death or removal 
of the President, the Secretary shall discharge all the duties of the Presi- 
dent in regard to beneficiary operations, until the next Synod shall fill 
the vacancy. 

Article IX. — The Treasurer of the beneficiary funds shall keep a 
clear and correct account of all moneys, which shall come into his hands ; 
and shall report the same to the annual conventions of the Synod, with 
all the disbursements he may make, during the previous Synodical year, 
accompanied with the proper vouchers for each disbursement. He must 
allow and pay all orders of the President out of the funds in his hands. 

Article X. — All moneys collected from congregations, or otherwise, 
and donations for beneficiary purposes, shall be paid over to the Treasurer ; 
for which he shall be required to give .his official receipt, to the parties 
who may pay them over to him. 

Article XI. — From every Beneficiary who receives an3 r funds appro- 
priated to him by this Synod, the Treasurer shall take suitable bonds, 
made payable to the Treasurer of the beneficiary funds of this Synod, 
for the full amount of all the funds he shall at any time have received, 
with interest at 6 per cent. If he, at any time afterwards, shall, without 
the consent of the Synod, either abandon his studies, or, after completing 
them, refuse to engage in the work of preaching the Gospel of Christ in 
connection with this Synod, during the time specified in Article III, or 
shall for any cause be expelled from this Synod, in either event, the obli- 
gation he has entered into for refunding the money he may have received 
shall immediately become due, and if he should refuse to pay the same, 
he shall by such refusal, make himself liable to public exposure. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 13 

Akticli.^ XII. — These regulations shall be subject to amendment at 
an}- convention of this Synod. One day's notice is required to be given, 
with a written statement of the amendment asked for, by any one who 
may at any time desire any amendment. 

Article XIII. — All rules and regulations heretofore adopted by this 
Syuod, in regard to beneficiary education, are hereby rescinded from the 
adoption of these regulations. 

Probationary Regulations. 

To meet the requirements of the Constitution of Synod, that all can- 
didates for the ministry be held in a state of probation for not less than 
one 3'ear, and to direct the studies of such students as pursue their studies 
under private instruction, the following regulations are adopted : 

I. Every such candidate shall be placed under the care of some pas- 
tor in connection with this Synod, under whose direction such student 
shall pursue his studies not less than two years. 

II. The pastor under whose care any student may be placed shall as- 
sign to such student any labor for which he may be found qualified. 

III. Synod shall prescribe the course of study to be pursued by each 
student. 

IV. The following text-books shall be used, viz.: Kurtz's Church and 
Sacred History, Home's Introduction, Hutter's Compend, Knapp's Theol- 
ogy, Book of Concord, Krauth's Conservative Reformation, Schmidt's 
Dogmatics, Mann's Schmidt's Christian Ethics, Vinet's Homiletics, Vi- 
net's Pastoral Theology. Instruction shall also be given in Liturgies, 
Catechetics, and Ecclesiastical Polity. 

V. There shall be a committee of examination, appointed at each an- 
nual meeting of Synod, before which every student shall be required to 
appear for examination at, or shortly before each convention of Synod. 
It shall be the duty of the committee of examination to report to Synod 
the progress made in his studies by each student. 



HAGHERSTOWN SEMINARY 

FOR 

YOUNG LADIES. 

This Institution is one of the 

OLDEST, LARGEST, AND BEST EQUIPPED 

FEMALE SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED .STATES'. 

It excels in EXPERIENCED TEACHERS, number of pupils, mod- 
ern and commodious buildings, healthful locality and beautiful situ- 
ation. It comprises complete 

Classical and Scientific Courses. 
a musical conservatory and art department. 

tSTPlease send for a Catalogue to 

Rev. C. L. KEEBY, A. M.. M. D., President. 

HAGERSTOWN, MD. 



CONCORDIA COLLEGE, 

REV. P. C. HENKEL, D. D.. PRESIDENT, 

CONOVER, CATAWBA COUNTY, N. C. 



THE FACULTY IS FULL AND EFFICIENT. 



This school, chartered 1881, is under the fostering care of the Tennessee Synod of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church. It is thoroughly and distinctively a Lutheran In- 
stitution." The conviction, that, in the training of the young, a much greater share 
of attention should he given to instruction in POSITIVE RELIGIOUS TRUTH, as the 
only proper and effective means to develop and cultivate the moral and religious 
nature of the pupil, led to the founding of this institution ; and the favor with which 
it has met justifies the belief that it supplies a recognized want. The Bible and Cat- 
echisms have prominent places as text-books in the school, and recitations therein 
are conducted daily by the professors, and every pupil is required to attend them, 
unless excused at the request of parents or guardians. Instruction is also given in the 
general subjects of Theology to a class formed for this purpose. 

TUITION, FOR TERM OF FIVE MONTHS :— Primary Course, $5.00 to $7.50; High 
School Normal Course, $10.00 to $15.00; High School Classical Preparatory, $15.00 to 
820.00 ; Collegiate Course, $20.00 ; Music, $15.00 ; Rent of Organ or Piano, $2.50 ; Inci- 
dentals, 50 cents. — Board may be obtained in private families, at about S7 to $8 per 
month. An arrangement has been made by which board in clubs can be procured 
at a little more than half these rates. 

For catalogue and further informaton, address 

Rev. J. C. MOSER. A. M.. or J. F. MOSER, A. M. 



MINUTES 



SIXTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



fteld in 



ST. PETERS'S (MEETZE'S) CHURCH, LEXINGTON CO., S. C, 
OCT. 31 -MOT\ 4, 1885. 



HenJeel & Go., Printers, New Market, Ya.: 
Office of Our Church Paper, Shenandoah Valley, <&e. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President-Ret. J. M. SMITH Conover, N. C. 

Secretary— Rev. R. A. YODER Newton, N. C. 

Cor. Secretart— Rev. A. L. GROUSE Waynesboro, Va. 

Treasurer— Rev. J. K. EFIRD Rightwell, S. C. 

Treas. Beneficiary Fund— Rev. J. C. MOSER Conover, N. C. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Missions. 
Revs. Dr. M. L. FOX, C. H. BERNHEIM, and Mr. C. M. EFIRD. 

On State of the Church: 

Revs. Dr. P. C. HENKEL, J. K. EFIRD, and A. L. GROUSE. 

On Examination : 

Revs. P. C. HENKEL, D. D., J. C. MOSER, A. L. CROUSE. J. N. 

STIREWALT, J. K. EFIRD, and E. L. LYBRAND. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT MEETING: 
The next Convention will be held in the College Chapel congrega- 
tion, Dallas, Gaston Co., N. C, commencing on Saturday. 10 A. M., be- 
fore first full moon in Nov., 188G. 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



St. Petek's (Meetze's) Church, 

Lexington Co., S. C, 

October 31, 1885. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in St. 
Peter's Church, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor, Lexington Co., S. 
C, on Saturday, 10 A. M., Oct. 31, 1885, and continued its 
sessions until Wednesday, 5 P. M., Nov. 4, 1885. 

The President, Rev. C. H. Bernheim, preached the syn- 
odical sermon from 1 Cor. 16, 13. 

The following pastors and lay-delegates, were present 
at the organization, or appeared daring the proceedings : 

Pastors. Lay-Delegates. 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D 

" J. R. Peterson 

" D. Efird 

" C. H. Bernheim C. M. Wagner— Sharon, St. Martin's. 

" J. M. Smith 

" M. L. Fox Aaron York— Melanchthon's and Coble's. 

" A. L. Grouse 

" M. L. Little L. L. Lohr— St. Mark's, St. John's, Gas- 
ton Co., N. C; E. Lewis— Luther Chapel. 

" J. C. Moser F. A. Yount— St. John's; J. P. Price- 
Concordia ; P. C. Wike— Zion. 

" J. K. Efird J. W. Summer— St. John's; L.G.Wheeler 

—St. Peter's; D. G. Whites— St. Jacob's. 

" J. A. Cromer CM. Efird— Zion ; W. W. Lorick— Beth- 
lehem ; C. S. Sox — Emmanuel ; H. A. 
Meetze— St. Peter's (Meetze's): G. W. 
Eande — St. Andrew's. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Rev. E. L. Lybrand A. E. Crapps— St. James' ; P. H. Cr'apps 

—St. Paul's : D. T. Hare— Cedar Grove. 

" R. A. Yoder G. M. Yoder— Grace, Salem, St. James'. 

" D. A. Sox Emanuel Laminack — St. Michael's, Ala. 

" J. A. Rudisill P. W. Carpenter, Betliphage. 

J. K. Rhyne, Philadelphia. 

R. H. Cline, Mt. Pleasant. 

J. C. Fulmer, St. Thomas. 

E. J. J. Efird, St. Martin's. 

The President read his report which was received. 
Presidents Report. 

To tlie Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod : 

Dear Brethren: Another synodical year is numbered with the 
past. Its lost opportunities for doing good and extending the Redeem- 
er's kingdom cannot be retrieved. Of whatever neglect or remissness of 
duty we have been guilty, we should endeavor through the help of our 
heavenly Father to be more vigilant and faithful in the future. Our 
stewardship will soon cease, and we must give an account as those who 
watch for souls. God in his merciful providence has spared our lives, 
and the ranks of our ministry remain unbroken. 

During the year I gave orders on the Treasurer of the Beneficiary 
fund in favor of our beneficiaries, viz.: W. A. Boyte, P. C. Wike, D. M. 
Moser, D. I. Offman, J. P. Price, N. G. Deal, and W. L. Darr. for the 
several amounts appropriated for the benefit of each. 

On Nov. 6. 1884, I sent on the name of Rev. L. A. Bikle. D. D., to 
the Secretary, to be entered on our clerical roll, as advised by the Com- 
mittee on Examination. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, through his acceptance of the position to 
which he was elected in "Concordia College." has made vacant the 
r-harge which he served in So. Ca., one of which churches, St. Jacob's, 
is supplied witli preaching this year by Rev. J. K. Efird. 

I received a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, bearing date of June 24th, 
notifying me, that he has resigned the church in Alabama, and accepted 
a call to the vacant churches in the Valley of Virginia, in Shenandoah Co. 

Valle Cruris and Mt. Pleasant churches, in Watauga Co., N. C, 
are now served very acceptably by Mr. R. IT. Cline. 

During the year I have had correspondence with Rev. J. Steck, D. 
D., President of the So. Ca. Synod with a view of establishing pea^e be- 
tween the litigants nf St. John's church, and taking the matter out of 
eourt. Nothing ha* yet been done, by reason of both of us being much 
absent from home, laboring in the same work for our several colleges. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

I recommend that his last letter be read, and that a committee be ap- 
pointed by this S} r nod, to meet a like committee of the S. C. Synod, in 
order to establish peace in this congregation. 

1. I would recommend, that Synod elect a Theological Professor, 
to labor conjointly with the Faculty of "Concordia College," that our 
young men, having the ministry in view, may, with their literary course, 
also receive a theological training at home. Synod will provide a way by 
a special assessment upon all the churches for the support of said pro- 
fessor. 

2. I also recommend, that all of our churches in the bounds of our 
Synod be laid off and established into pastorates, for the more efficient and 
successful church work, and that these charges remain unchanged, 
when so constructed, except by the voice of Synod or Conference, in 
which such pastorates be located. 

3. I further recommend, that an earnest, faithful, and persevering 
effort be made by all of our pastors, to introduce family prayer in all of 
our congregations, and they make special effort by sermons, example, and 
otherwise to lead our congregations into this grace, that the standard of 
piety may be elevated among us, and that we may not "hold the truth of 
God in unrighteousness." 

4. I also recoinmend, that we all observe "Uniformity of Worship," 
as it is directed in the "Church Book, "that there be no divisions amongst 
us in this matter, and we become more united, and that thus we come in 
the "Unity of the Faith and Bond of Peace." 

It is made my duty, as your presiding officer, to call your attention 
to the action of the "Southern Lutheran Diet," held in Salisbury, N. C, 
November 12-13, 1884. It has adopted a sound and true Lutheran Basis, 
viz.: The entire Symbols of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. It has 
also adopted a Constitution, which, though it may not be as full and 
complete as some would desire it, is nevertheless so far as it is, an ex- 
cellent bond of union for all the churches in our Southland, and designed 
to bring us all together "in the unity of the Faith and bond of peace." 
It is presented to your consideration, and for action during this session 
of Synod. 

I now return to you my sincere and hearty thanks for your partiality 
in having honored me as your presiding officer. I have served you to 
the best of my ability, though with much weakness and fear. The term 
of my office is expired, and I vacate the chair to a more worthy and effi- 
cient successor. 

"And now may the God of peace make you perfect in every good 
work ; to do his will, working in you that which is well-pleasing in his 
sight through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen. 

C. H. BERNIIEIM. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Then followed an election of officers for the ensuing 
year, which resulted in the choice of 

Rev. J. M. Smith, - - - President. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, - - - Secretary. 

Rev. A. L. Grouse, - Cor. Sec. 

Rev. J. K. Efird, . . . Treasurer. 

The President appointed the following committees : 

1. On Presidents Report— Revs- A. L. Grouse, J. R. 
Peterson, and Maj. H. A. Meetze. 

2. On State of the Church-Be™. P. C. Heukel, J. K. 
Efird, and A. L. Grouse. 

3. On Examination— Revs. P. G. Henkel, J. G. Moser, 
A. L. Grouse, J. N. Stirewalt, J. K. Efird, and E. L. Lybrand. 

4. On Ordination — Revs. P. C. Henkel, J. R. Peterson, 
and J. G. Moser. 

5. On Letters and Petitions— Revs- M. L. Fox, J. A. Rn- 
disill, and G. M. Yoder, Esq. 

0. On Unfinished Business — Revs. D. A. Sox, R. H. 
Oline, and P. 0. Wike. 

7. On Missions — Revs. M. L. Fox, C. H. Bernheim, and 
Mr. 0. M. Efird. 

8. Church Institutions— Revs- R. A. Yoder, A. L. Grouse, 
and Mr. Aaron York. 

9. On Treasurer's Report— Rev. M. L. Little, and Messrs. 
F. A. Yount and G. M. Wagner. 

Rev. G. H. Bernheim and Maj. EL A. Meetze were ap- 
pointed a committee to report on the matter of districting 
Synod. 

All documents pertaining to Synod were now called for 
and handed over to the proper committees. 

Report of the Committee on the President's Report. 

1. In reference to the litigation at St. John's, S. C, we recommend, 
that a committee, composed of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., and Rev. J. 
M. Smith, be appointed, to meet a similar committee appointed by the S. 
C. Synod, to whom this whole matter shall be referred. 

2. Recotjnizino; the necessity of electing and sustaining a theological 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

professor at Concordia College for the present, we recommend, that 

(a) Our congregations be requested to contribute annually not less 
than 12 cents per capita, which shall constitute a fund out of which the 
said professor shall be supported : 

(b) The salary of the professor shall be $800 per annum ; 

(c) In the event that the fund will warrant it, the Board of Trustees 
of Concordia College shall employ such professor as early as Jan. 1st, 
1886, or at the beginning of the next scholastic year, subject to the sub- 
sequent ratification of their action by Synod. 

{(I) Said professor shall be chosen from among the members of the 
Tennessee Synod, if possible; shall have been a pastor not less than ten 
years, and shall faithfully discharge his duties in strict conformity with 
the confessional basis of our Synod. 

(e) Our pastors shall lay this matter before their people at once, and 
report to the President of Concordia College without delay. 

3. In regard to pastorates we recommend, that, 

As this matter has already been referred to the Conference, they are 
urged to attend to it during this Synodical year and report to Synod. 

4. Respecting the recommendation relative to family worship we 
recommend, that, notwithstanding the fact that many of our people rec- 
ognize its importance and engage in it, our pastors shall endeavor, as 
much as lieth in them, to make it more nearly universal. 

5. In relation to the recommendation of the President in regard to 
uniformity in worship, we recommend, that his suggestions be recogniz- 
ed as the sentiment of this Synod, and that the pastors and people give 
due attention to the matter. 

6. In relation to the proposed general body referred to in the Presi- 
dent's report, we beg leave to submit the following : 

1. That this Synod ratify said Basis of union ; 

2. That it ratify the proposed Constitution. 

We recommend the adoption of the following resolutions : 

1. Resolved, That we concur in the action of the Synods of Virginia 
and South Carolina, recommending a meeting of delegates in Roanoke 
City, in Virginia, on Wednesday before the 4th Lord's day in May, 1886, 
or whenever the Southern General Synod shall meet, with the view to 
form the general body proposed. 

2. That this Synod elect nine delegates— six clerical and three lay, 
to represent it at said meeting, and that their expenses be paid out of the 
treasury of the Synod. 

3. That a copy of these proceedings be forwarded to the President 
of the Diet, Respectfully submitted. A. L. CROUSE, 

HENRY A. MEETZE, 
J. R. PETERSON. 



S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

This report was adopted. 

In reference to item No. 6, in relation to the adoption 
of the constitution of the proposed general Lutheran body, 
Revs. P. 0. Henkel, D. I)., and A. L. Crouse requested, that 
it be stated in the records of this Synod that they approve the 
Constitution so far as it goes, but that they decline to vote for 
its adoption, because it is silent in regard to Pulpit and Al- 
tar Fellowship, Secret Societies, and Chiliasm. 

The following were appointed delegates to the next 
meeting of the Diet : Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., A. L. Crouse, 
P. C. Henkel, D. D., C. H. Bemheim, M. L. Little, and E. L. 
Lybrand; and Messrs. A. Koiner, A. Costlier, and W. A. 
Meetze. 

Alternates: Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. S. Koiner, and 
J. K. Efird ; and Messrs. Philip Killian, W. A. Mauney, and 
C. M. Efird. 

Report of the Committee on the State of the Church. 

In so far as we are able to learn, we, your committee, submit the fol- 
lowing statements : 

In view of the whole ground of our church work, we think we are 
able to report considerable progress ; though there are some things not 
as they should be. Progress, however, in the right direction, seems still 
to be moving on. 

We learn, that in the State of Va. , church work is moving on pros- 
perously, notwithstanding the meagre supply of ministers. The congre- 
gations in Virginia, during the past year, have manifested great liberality 
in contributing for the upbuilding of Concordia College at Conover, as 
far as opportunity wa3 given to them. South Carolina, in this respect, 
has also responded most nobly to the call made on them for our College. 

Concordia College, as well as the Tennessee Synod (under whose 
care it is), express their thanks to the kind donors for their Christian 
liberality. Rather let God be praised for this work. 

The churches in South Carolina seem to be in a prosperous condi- 
tion generally. 

In the State of North Carolina, the church is in her usual state of 
prosperity. We think peace and harmony are generally prevailing, as 
well as an encouraging degree of prosperity. 

In all three of the States, however, with probably some small excep- 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

tions, the ministers are not supported in their work as they should be, 
so as to enable them to devote their whole time to the work of the church. 
This should not be so. 

In all the three States, the number of ministers is too small to ac- 
complish what should be done in our now organized congregations. — 
There are prospects, however, for a better supply, but this is not as large 
as it should be ; doubtless, because it is seen that a minister must have 
more than ordinary muscular power, and brain too, so as to enable him 
to labor with his hands in some secular calling, such as farming, or teach- 
ing school, &c, in order to supplement his salary. Very few can do 
this long, and fill their office in ministerial work as necessarily it should 
be done. Even such as may be able to labor in this way successfully, 
could do infinitely more if they could be sustained in the work. It is 
hoped the congregations, or churches, will prayerfully study this mat- 
ter, and change it by coming up to their duty fully in contributing to the 
interests of the church, and thus be instrumental in blessing themselves 
and their children, as well as the community at large. The prosperity 
of the church puts the stamp valuation on all our earthly possessions. — 
Without Christianity in the land our property is worth little or nothing ; 
safety for life and property would be wanting ; and what is infinitely 
above all, the chances for eternal life and salvation would be wanting. 

We are glad to know though, that, in general benevolence, many of 
our people have made praiseworthy progress ; still of the whole number 
who claim membership this number is small. It is very sadly deplor- 
able, to know that a great number, claiming membership, really give 
nothing at all, even to support their pastor. They should not be com- 
pelled to do otherwise, as, in this event, they would only pay for their own 
condemnation. 

If possible, however, their eyes should be opened, so as to enable them 
to see that they are entirely dead in sin, and that the Gospel is to them 
the savior of death unto death. Should such be compelled to pay money 
or anything else for such a result? We answer. No! No! Never!-- 
This state of darkness, if it cannot be removed by the everlasting Gospel 
of Jesus Christ, will have to remain. In the person of the Christian there 
is a willing and cheerful disposition to promote the interests of the Re- 
deemer's Kingdom. God loves a cheerful giver. 

If possible each congregation should have its own Pastor, so that all 
the families in the charge might be visited from time to time, — family 
worship introduced in every family — the children of the church trained 
to realize the benefit of church life, for both time and eternity. 

A word to all. Let all come up to their duty, that it may be truly 
said: Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all 



10 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

men : Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ 
ministered by us, written not with ink, but the Spirit of the living God; 
not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables of the heart." — 2 Cor. 3, 2, 3. 

P. C. HENKEL, 
A. L. CROUSE, 
J. K. EFIRD. 
This report was adopted. 

Report of Committee on Ordination. 

We, the Committee on Ordination, have examined Robert H. Cline 
with a view to ordination to the office of pastor, and find him qualified 
to perform the functions of that office, and recommend him to be ordained 
accordingly. Respectfully submitted, P. C. HENKEL, 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. (J. MOSER. 

Synod adopted this report and sustained the reconr 
raendation ; and appointed Eevs. P. 0. Henkel, D. D., J. M. 
Smith, and R. A. Yoder a committee to ordain Bro. E. H. 
Cline, at such a time and place as may be most convenient 
to all concerned. 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

We, your Committee on Letters and Petitions, would respectfully 
report the following : 

No. 1 is a petition from the members of Mt. Pleasant Church, Wa- 
tauga Co., N. G, for the examination, and, if found qualified, the 
ordination of Brother R. H. Cline to the office of pastor — asking for his 
services. We recommend that the request of these petitioners be com- 
plied with. 

No. 2 is a petition from the members of E. L. Church, near Jack- 
sonville, Calhoun Co., Ala., who were formerly served by Rev. D. A. 
Sox whose services were appreciated. We recommend that said petition 
be read before Synod, and that Synod take such action in the matter as 
she may think best. 

No. 3 is a petition from the congregation at College Chapel, Dallas, 
Gaston Co., N. C, asking to be received in connection with this Synod. 
We recommend that their request be granted. 

No. 4 is a petition from St. John's, Catawba Co., N. G, asking for 
the next session of our S}rnod to be held in their church. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

No. 5 is a petition from College Chapel, Dallas, Gaston Co., N. C, 
also asking for the Synod to be held there next year. 

No. 6 is a petition from Grace Church, Catawba Co., N. C, also 
asking for Synod to be held at that place at its next convention. 

No. 7 is a petition from St. James, Catawba Co., N. C, asking that 
Synod meet in St. James at her next meeting. 

No. 8 is a letter from S. S. Rahn, corresponding delegate from the S. 
C. Synod. We recommend that this letter be read before Synod. 

No. 9 is a letter from Rev. Geo. H. Cox from the Holston Synod, 
Tenn., corresponding delegate from said synod, in which he sends his 
excuse for his absence from this session of our Synod. 

No. 10 is a letter from D. J. Settlemyer, asking to be excused for 
his non-attendance at this meeting of Synod, on account of bodily afflic- 
tions of himself and his family. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 11 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, asking ,to be excused for non- 
attendance at this Synod on the ground of feeble health. We also rec- 
ommend that he be excused. 

No. 12 is a letter from J. W. Hausenfluck, also asking to be excused 
for his absence from this Synod for the want of means. We recommend 
that he be not excused. 

No. 13 is a letter from Rev. L. A. Bikle, also asking to be excused 
for his non-attendance at this Synod for the want of means and other 
reasons. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 14 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, asking to be excused 
from attending Synod on the ground that he has not at this time any 
regular charge and for other reasons. We recommend that he be ex- 
cused. 

No. 15 is a report from Rev. T. Moser in which he states that his 
churches voted unanimously in favor of districting the Synod. 

No. 16 is a report of a committee of Bethlehem congregation, Augusta 
Co., Ya. , in which they report unfavorable in regard to districting our 
Synod at the present time. 

No. 17 is a letter from I. Conder, McGahej r sville, Ya., in which he 
presents several matters. We recommend that his letter be read be- 
fore this Synod and several items in the letter be acted upon. 

No. 18 is a telegram from Revs. S. Henkel and Stirewalt in which 
they send a reason for their being absent at this meeting of Synod, and 
we recommend that they be excused. 

No. 19 is a petition from the members of St. Michael's Church, 
Cleburne Co., Ala., in which they ask for a Minister and also pecuniary 
aid to sustain him. 

No. 20 is a petition from Holy Trinity Church, Hickory, N. G, 



12 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

praying for the next convention of Synod to be held in their church. 

No. 21 is a letter from J. I. Miller, Luray, Va., in which he assigns 
a reason for his absence during this meeting of our Synod, together with 
other items which properly belong to other committees. The reason as- 
signed for his absence is the want of time, the expense of traveling, and 
bad health of his son. We recommend that he be excused. 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. FOX, 

J. A. RUDISILL, 

G. M. YODER. 

This report was received and considered irem by item : 

Item 1. Adopted, and recommendation of committee 
sustained. 

Item 2. Recommendation complied with, and letter was 
read before Synod, and, on motion, was referred to Com- 
mittee on Missions. 

Item 3. Recommendation sustained ; and secretary 
ordered to place the congregation on our Church Register. 

Items 4, 5, 6, 7, and 20. All petitions for next conven- 
tion of Synod were considered, and College Chapel congre- 
gation, Dallas, Gaston Co., X. C, was chosen as the place 
for the next convention of Synod. Time for next meeting 
of Synod : Saturday, 10 A. M., before first full moon in 
Nov., 188G. 

Items 8 and 9. Adopted, and letters read ; and the fol- 
lowing resolution adopted : 

Resolved 1, That we regret that these brethren have heen unable to 
be with us, and that we heartily reciprocate the kindly greetings ex- 
pressed by them towards our body. 

Items 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. Adopted, and Revs. 1). J. Set- 
tlemire, T. Moser, L. A. P>ikle, and J. S. Koiner, were ex- 
cused. Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck not excused. 

Items 15 and 1G. Considered, and reports referred to 
the special committees on districting Synod. 

Item 17. Adopted, and letter read. Rev. I. Conder 
was not excused. 

On motion, the secretary was required to complete the 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

roll of congregations and preaching stations, and have it 
published in the Minutes. 

Item 18. Adopted, and Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., and J. 
P. Stirewalt excused for non-attendance. 

Item 19. Considered, and letter referred to Committee 
on Missions. 

Item 21. Adopted. Rev. J. I. Miller excused. 

Revs. L. A. Fox, D. D., J. N". Stirewalt, D. A. Good- 
man, were not excused. 

Revs. H. Wetzel and W. P. Cliue were excused. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, submit the following : 

(1) On page 7, we find that Rev. A. L. Crouse was appointed to collect 
funds to erect a monument at the grave of Rev. Ambrose Henkel in Va. 
Has this been done ? 

(2) On same page, we find that Rev. J. M. Smith was appointed to 
collect funds to erect a monument at the grave of Rev. Philip Henkel, 
in Randolph Co., N. C. Has he done this? 

(3) On page 10, we find a committee appointed, consisting of Revs. 
M. L. Little and S. Henkel, to prepare an ordination certificate. Have 
they discharged their duty ? 

(4) On same page, we find a committee continued from the Minutes 
of '83. to confer with similar committees from other Lutheran bodies in 
the South, with a view of appointing a time and place for the convention 
of a Diet, looking to the unification of all Lutherans in the South. Has 
this committee acted ? 

(5) Also on page 10, we find a resolution requiring the Treasurer of 
the Evan. Luth. Tenn. Synod, to pay the expenses of the delegation to 
the Diet, and that each pastor in connection with the Tenn. Synod take 
up collections in each of his congregations in order to replace in the 
treasury the amount used for this purpose. Has this been complied with ? 

(6) On page 15, we find a committee appointed to continue the pub- 
lication of the Book of Concord. What has this committee to report ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

D. A. SOX, 
R. H. CLINE. 
P. C. WIKE. 

Report received and considered item by item. 



14 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 1. Complied with, and the Committee, Rev. A. 
L. Crouse, submitted his report. 

Report of Committee on the Ambrose Henkel Monument. 

Your committee begs leave to report, that a suitable stone has been 
erected at the grave of the late Rev. Ambrose Henkel, in Emmanuel 
Church-yard, New Market, Va. It bears a suitable inscription. The 
money to the amount of $82.05 was contributed by members of the 
Church in the Valley of Virginia, and has been expended in paying for 
and setting up the monument. A small balance was paid by Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D. , thus leaving the work without debt. Your committee 
respectfully asks to be discharged from further attention to this matter. 

A. L. CROUSE. 
Item 2. Nothing done; the committee, Rev. J. M. Smith, 
relieved, and Rev. M. L. Fox appointed in his place, to col- 
lect funds and have a suitable stone erected at the grave of 
the Rev. Philip Henkel. 

Item 3. Complied with, and the Committee, Rev. M. L. 
Little, submitted his report. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 



Form of Ordination Certificate. 

Your Committee on Ordination Certificate, beg leave to submit tbe 
following form, as a suitable one : 

IN NOMINE JESU. AMEN. 
f|o all H|hriAtian<S greeting, Ipnovi/' that 

of- 

having received a call from 

congregations 

and having given Evidence of the possession of adequate acquirements in 
Theology ; and presented authenticated testimonials in regard to Ids Chris- 
tian Character, having, furthermore, publicly and solemnly bound himself 
. to the Dootkines of our EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH, as laid 
. down in our ecclesiastical Confessions, and also taken upon himself the vow, 
to devote, with conscientious fidelity, his time and energies to the sacred office of the 
Gospel Ministry, has, by the Laying on of Hands and Prayer, according 
to the Order of the Church, been solemnly ordained and consecrated to 

the Office of Pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, on the 

day «f. 

A. I) at 

In Witness Whereof we have hereunto set our hand and caused the 

Seal of the 

U> be affixed. 

Done at this day of. 

A. I) 

President. 

Secretary. 

Treasurer. 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. LITTLE. 



16 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The above form was adopted by Synod, and the Secre- 
tary was ordered to have one hundred copies printed, and 
draw on the treasurer of Synod for the amount of the cost. 

Item 4. Complied with. 

Item 5. Complied with by some of the pastors. 

By request of Maj. H. A. Meetze, the amount of his ex- 
penses to the Diet, as delegate from this Synod, was or- 
dered to be paid over by the treasurer of Synod into the 
Beneficiary fund. 

Item 6. The Committee, Rev. S. Heukel, D. 1)., not 
being present to report, he was continued. 

Report of Committee on EVSissions- 

We, your Committee ou Missions, submit the following report : 
Viewing the mission in Alabama a very important work with its 
hope of success in the very near future, we deem it essential that Rev. 
D. A. Sox return thither, laboring as he does with very great efficiency, 
and that he. by the direction of this Synod, be relieved of the call to the 
churches in the Valley of Virginia. 

M. L. FOX, 

C. II. BERNIIEIM, 

C. M. EFIRD. 

Report adopted, and recommendation sustained. 
Report of Committee on Church Institutions- ■ 

We, your Committee on Church Institutions, beg leave to submit the 
following report : 

From the various papers in the hands of the Committee concerning 
Concordia College, we are glad to learn of its healthy condition. We 
herewith submit the following reports : 

Report of the President of the Board ; Report of the President of 
the Faculty ; Report of the Visiting Committee. 

We have also in our hands the resignation of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. 
D., as President of Concordia College. We recommend that this Synod 
accept the same, and recommend as his successor Rev. Prof. J. C. 
Moser. Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER. 
A. L. CROUSE, 
AARON YORK. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

Report of the Board of Trustees of Concordia College. 

Upon the whole the Board can report favorably upon the condition 
of this Institution. Through the zealous labors of Prof. C. H. Bernheim, 
our Financial Agent, the finances are improving. The small debt on our 
dormitory is being rapidly paid off. Much needed improvements have 
been begun. Our buildings will soon be much better arranged and fur- 
nished, than they have been, for conducting successfully and conven- 
iently the work of teaching. 

Our teachers are, we believe, giving general satisfaction, and are 
doing thorough work in the school-room. The students are making 
very satisfactory progress, and their deportment is in general excellent. 

We cannot report as large a number of pupils as some institutions 
that enroll on their catalogues the pupils of public schools conducted in 
their connection, yet the high school and college departments of our 
school make a favorable showing in numbers for a young institution. 

The Board has continued, by recent action, Rev. Prof. C. H. Bern- 
heim as financial agent, and we ask that this action be endorsed by 
Synod, that he may continue his labors, until our school be as thoroughly 
equipped for her work as best institutions of the land. 

J. M. SMITH, Sec. 

Report of the President of Concordia College, 

Located at Conover, Catawba County, M. C. 

Coxover, Catawba Co., N. C, 
October 30, 1885. 

As it is made my duty, by resolution of the Ev. Luth. Tenn. Synod, 
annually to report the moral and literary condition of this school to Syn- 
od, 1 submit the following : 

I take pleasure in stating that the moral and literary condition of the 
school is good and very commendable. The school is in a prosperous 
condition, and the prospects for the future are bright and encouraging. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL, 
President op the Facitlty. 

Report of the Visiting Committee. 

We a committee chosen at the last convention of the E. L. Tenn. 
Synod, to visit Concordia College during the present Synodical year, and 
make a report as to the condition and prosperity of the school at this 
meeting of Synod, beg leave to submit the following, viz. : 



18 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

We have complied with the duty assigned us as far as practicable. 

We have visited the school, and are happy to report that its condi- 
tion is good. 

We found the Professors all laboring diligently and successfully in 
imparting instruction to their pupils in the various classes. 

We also find the school in a prosperous condition : Well attended 
with students, with a proper respect and regard existing between both 
teachers and pupils, and, so far as we were able to judge, all things per- 
taining to the school, are working together in perfect harmony. 

We find, however, a deficiency in regard to a Theological teacher, 
which will be felt more in the future than it has been in the past, if that 
deficiency be not soon supplied. 

We would therefore call the attention of Synod to this subject, and 
recommend that she take such action in regard to this matter as she in 
her wisdo7n may think best. 

Respectfully submitted, 

T. MOSER, 
31. L. FOX, 
J. K. EFIRD. 
Synod adopted the following resolution : 

Resolved, That in the acceptance of the resignation of Rev. P. C. 
Henke!, as President of Concordia College, by this Synod, it does so* 
with regret and only under a sense of duty which is due under state- 
ments and representations made by him; and, in parting with him, the 
Synod desires to express its most hearty thanks for the sacrifices which 
he has made gratuitously for the institution, and prays God's richest 
blessings upon him. 

Revs. M. L. Fox and J. li. Peterson were appointed a 
committee to visit Concordia College, and report to the next 
convention of Synod. 

Report of Committee on Beneficiary Treasurers Report 

Your Committee on Beneficiary Treasurer's Report have examined 
the Report of said Treasurer, and find the same correct. 

M. L. LITTLE, 
G. M. WAGNER, 
F. A. YOUNT. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

J. C. MOSER, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 

In Account with tite 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1884. Dr. 

To balance on hand as per report made to Synod, Sept. 29, 1884, — 

see Minutes page 11 $ 34 23 

Oct. 9, To amount from Rev. S. Henkel, Assistant Treasurer 160 00 

Oct. 12. To cash from Rev. J. S. Koiner's charge 4 00 

" 20, " " '* Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge— ) on 77 

Sharon, $12 50; St. Martin's, $8 27 f " u '.' 

Oct. 20, " cash of Rev. J. C. Moser's, charge — ) 

Newton, |3 51; Ziou, $9 24; Holy Trinity, - 

$4 00; Concordia, $23 00; St. John's, $4 75) 44 50 

Nov. 14, " cash of Rev. T. Moser's charge — ) 

St. Martin's, Stanley, $3 00; St. Martin's, - 8 35 

Cabarrus, $5 35 ) 

Dec. 10, " cash of Rev. E. L. Ly brand's charge — ) 

Zion, $10 00; Cedar Grove, $4 75; St. Paul's, '- 23 00 

$4 50; St. James, $3 75 ) 

1885. 

Jan. 25, " cash of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge — ) 

St. Andrew's, $4 00; St. Peter's, $3 35; - 9 00 

Emmanuel's, $1 G5 ) 

Feb. 21, " cash of Rev. J. S. Koiner's charge 8 00 

March 0, " ' " Rev. D.J. Settlemyre's charge — ) 

Mt. Moriah, $14 15; Phanuel's, $5 OOfSt. Mark's, - . 30 00 

$1 90; Morning Star, $7 00 ; Emmanuel. $1 95..) 

" 14,'- cash of Rev. S. Henkel 1100 

April 1, ' Rev. J. M. Smith's charge — ) p- „k 

St. Paul's, $4 50 : Bethel, $1 25 ..V )" ° /0 

June 11, " cash of Rev. L. A. Bikle's charge, Philadelphia 10 00 

July 4, " " " Rev. D. A. Sox's charge 7 00 

Aug. 30, " " " Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge 20 00 

Oct. 29, " " " Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge, Phila 10 00 

'• 29, " " " Rev. L. A. Bikle's charge, St. Matthew. ... 10 00 



$415 GO 

1884. Or. 

Oct. 23, By cash to W. A. Boyte $55 00 

Nov. 25, ' " P. C. Wike • 40 00 

Nov. 28, " D. M. Moser 30 U0 

Dec. 24, " J.P.Price 40 00 



20 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



1884. 




Feb. 21, By 


cash to W. 


March l7, 


P. 


April 1, 


J. 


May 19, 


P. 


May 23, 


W 


July 4, 


J. 


July 15, 


P. 


Oct. 21, 


w. 


Oct. 23, 


N. 



. A. Boyte $25 00 

C. Wike 25 00 

P. Price 25 00 

C. Wike 25 00 

. A. Boyte 20 00 

P. Price 15 00 

C. Wike 30 00 

. L. Darr 40 00 

G. Deal 35 00 



Oct. 2!), Bv balance in my hands 



$405 00 

10 60 



$415 60 
Respectfull}' submitted. 

J. C. MOSER, 
Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund of E. L. Tennessee Synod. 

Report of Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund — Oct. 29, 1885. 

1884. 
Sept 



1884, 
Sept 



Sept 

i i 

Sept 
Sept 



Sept 
Oct. 

Dec. 

1885 
Jan. 
May 
Oct. 



Oct. 



30, To amount on hand at settlement with Synod 

at said date, $115.00 

. 30, To amount from St. Mark's, Rev. J. I. Miller's charge, 12.50 

" from Rev. I. Conder's charge 12.30 

" To amount from Rev. S. Henkel's charge — > .►„ 

Emmanuel, $8.40 ; Mt. Zion, $4.13 ; Zion's, $3.02.)" 10 ' 0U 

30, To amount from Rev. Dr. M. L. Fox's charge 4.50 

" To amount from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge — ) * nQ 

Mt. Calvary, ^3.08 ; Morning- Star, $2.00...' > °- m 

. 30, To amount from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge — ) 

St. Paul's, $5.28 ; Solomon's, $8.64 ; Powder Spring, - 24.87 

$4.95; St. Mary's, $6.00 ) 

. 30. To am'!, balance, left from Rev. J. S. Bennick's Monu- 
ment 9.69 

Rev. J. W. Hausenrluck's charge — ) 

. 30, To amount from Alma, $1.40. - 5.40 

11, To amount from St. Paul's, $4.00 ) 

28. " " " Rader's, J. P. Stirewalt's charge 7.48 

16. " ". " Mt. Nebo, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge 3.00 

26, To amount from Bethlehem, Rev. A. L. Grouse's charge 5.55 

23, '• " from Mrs. Col. N. I. Henkel 1.00 

19," " " Rev. S. Henkel's charge— Mt, Zion 3.04 

17. " " i: Rev. S. Henkel's charge— Zion 3.00 

27, " " " Rev. S. Henkel's charge— Emmanuel's 10.00 

20, To amount from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge — ) 

Rader's, $10.00; Solomon's, $4.32 ; PowdeT Spring, - 25.24 

$4.52; St. Mary's, $3.06: St. Paul's, $3.40 ) 



$263.15 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

1884. Ce. 

Oct. 25, By am't paid or sent to Rev. J. C. Moser, $160.00 

1885. 

Jan. 2, By am't paid Beneficiary, D. I. Oilman, 

per order of President 40.00 

Mar. 14, By am't paid Treasurer, J. O. Moser 11.00 



.$211.00 
Amt. to balance, due Beneficiary Treasurer.... 52.15 

$263.15 
On hand $52.15 

Eev. Prof. J. 0. Moser was re-elected Treasurer of Bene- 
ficiary Fund, 

Report of DeSegate to Holston Synod. 

On Friday, 21st of August, 1885, I left my residence at Conover, in 
company with Rev. Dr. A. J. Brown, and we landed on Saturday morn- 
ing at the place appointed for the meeting of the Evan. Luth. Holston 
Synod, viz., in Solomon's Church, Greene Co., Tenn. I was very kindly' 
received by all the members of this Synod, and so treated by all, during 
the Synod's sessions. 

As your delegate I was cordially and unanimously recognized. The 
usual greetings passed, —the Synod transacted her business with much 
dispatch, an account of which was published in Our Ghurch Paper. 

Many have been the trials, conflicts, and battles of the old Tenn. 
Synod, which led me, with great pleasure, to allude to the able defence 
made, time and again, by Rev. A. J. Brown, D. D., for the Sjrnod while 
he was a member of the same. He came into her connection at a very 
critical and trying period, and was the only man in the Carolinas, at that 
time, who was able successfully to defend her, in her truly Lutheran 
position. 

In the Holston Synod, we are very much reminded of the old Tenn. 
Synod. I, however, felt mj'self much embarrassed in the higher act of 
fellowship, which I was not able to render ; not on account of anything I 
saw or heard during her sessions. 

My views and feelings are extensively known in the Church in regard 
to the "Four Points" especially one of the points, viz., Secret Society 
worship and its plan of salvation. In regard to its form of worship, it is 
certainly Atheistic ; and, in regard to its plan of salvation, it undermines 
the great central doctrine of Justification by Faith. 

I am truly glad to know that Dr. A. J. Brown and other ministers of 
this Synod, are not in antagonism with me in regard to this, to me, very 



22 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

annoying and painful corruption, into which many excellent and well 
meaning men have fallen. 

This Synod appointed Rev. Prof. Geo. H. Cox as delegate to this 
Synod. P. C. HENKEL. 

Report of the Corresponding Delegate to the S. C. Synod. 

As your delegate corresponding with the S. C Synod, I beg leave to 
report, that it has met twice since our last session. The first meeting I 
did not attend for want of time and means, but sent a letter bearing the 
fraternal greetings of this body. I learned from individual members, 
and also from the proceedings of said Synod, that my letter received a 
hearty recognition, and that a delegate was appointed to attend this ses- 
sion of our Synod. The last meeting, which was but one week ago at 
Lexington C. H., I did not attend, on account of press of business, and 
sent no letter because I did not think myself properly the delegate for 
that meeting, not having had any correspondence from the S. C. Synod 
since the last from the Tennessee Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. K. EFIRD. 

Key. E. L. Ly brand was appointed corresponding' dele- 
gate to the South Carolina Synod and Rev. J. K. Efird, 
alternate. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, to the North Carolina Synod and 
Rev. M. L. Little, alternate. 

Rev. A. L. Grouse, to the Virginia Synod and Rev. J. 
P. Stirewalt, alternate. 

Rev. J. A. Rudisill, to the Holston Synod and Rev. D. 
J. Suttlemire, alternate. 

Revs. P. C. Henkel, D. D., and J. 31. Smith were ap- 
pointed a committee to meet a similar committee from the 
South Carolina Synod, to try and adjust the difficulties in 
St. John's congregation, Lexington Co., S. C. 

The secretary was ordered to communicate this action 
ofJSynod to the secretary of the South Carolina Synod. 

Report of Committee on Districting Synod. 

Your committee, to whom was referred the papers relative to dis- 
tricting the Synod, would beg leave to report that, in view of the fact, 
that there is most probably to be effected a union of all the churches in 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

the South through the medium of the Southern Luth. Diet, and also from 
the very meagre reports of all the churches in the Synod relative to this 
matter, the majority having sent no reports at all, we would say that the 
present time is inopportune, and we would therefore advise the post- 
ponement of the districting of the Synod to the future development of 
the Church. Very respectfully, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 
HENRY A. MEETZE. 
Beport adopted. 

Our Beneficiary Work — Appropriations and Resolutions. 

The following appropriations were made : To J. P. Price, $100.00; 
W. L. Darr, $60.00; N. G. Deal, $00.00— subject to the approval of 
Examining Committee in N. C. ; D. M. Moser, $60.00; P. C. Wike, 
$60.00; D. I. Off man, $35.00. 

Resolved, That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we ad- 
vise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Resolved, That the officers of each church within our bounds be re- 
quested to see, that each member of their congregation and Sunday 
school pay at least 5 cents per annum into the beneficiary fund. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer have a sufficient number of copies of 
Minutes of this convention of Synod printed, to supply the calls for them, 
and to furnish each minister of this Synod with three copies ; each gen- 
eral body of Lutherans in this country, one copy ; and the Synods with 
which this Synod is in correspondence, one copy each ; our institutions 
of learning, one copy each ; our Lutheran publications, two copies each ; 
and our beneficiaries, one copy each. 

Resolved, That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, to 

arrange for the Sunday school services, to be held on Sunday afternoon 

of each convention of Synod, by appointing a speaker or speakers, by 

assigning or suggesting subjects, and informing the speakers of their se- 

' lection at least two months previous to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolution of Thanks. 

Resolved, That we express our sincere and hearty thanks to the 
members of this congregation and citizens for the kind hospitality we 
have enjoyed during our sojourn among them, and pray that the blessing 
of God may rest upon them. 

K. A. TODEE, Secretary. 



24 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Stonyman, Page Co., Virginia. 
Henkel & Co., I understand you have the printing of the Minutes 
of the late session of the E. L. Tenn. Synod. As my report as Treasurer 
failed to reach Synod, I therefore send it to you for insertion, and hope 
the next convention of Synod will appoint a committee to examine the 
same. Yours most respectfully, 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer. 

Treasurer's Report. 

Stonyman, Page Co., Va., Oct. 81, 1885. 
J. N. STIREWALT in Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

Oct. 31, 1885, Balance on hand from last year $72 19 

Sept. 28, 1884, To amt. paid in for Minutes 42 GO 

" for advertisements 7 75 

Total amount $ 122 54 

Nov. 29, 1884, By amount paid Henkel & Co. for printing, 

mailing, and expressing 1000 Ten. Syn. Min.$65 89 

Balance in hands of Treasurer $56 05 

Diet Receipts and Expenses. 

Nov. 12, 1884, To amt. from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge $13 50 

Nov. 26, 1884, ' " " A. L. Grouse's " 4 40 

" J. N. Stirewalt's " 4 13 

Jan. 9, 1885, " " M. L. Little's - " 4 50 

Feb. 7, 1885. " " J. I. Miller's " 4 50 

" J. S. Koiuer's " 3 30 

" J. C. Moser's " 4 00 

Total amount received $38 33 

Rev. P. C. Henkel's expenses to Diet $ 3 25 

" A. L. Grouse's " " 14 95 

" M. L. Little's " " 6 25 

" J. S. Koiuer's " " 12 95 

" S. Henkel's " " 17 50 

Jan. 28, 1885, P'd Rev. L. L. Smith for printing Diet Min. 8 10 
" " Paid for four postal orders 44 

Total cost $63 44 

To Diet Expenses in excess of receipts $25 11 

$63 44 



Bal. in hand of Treasurer $31 54 

Amt. in hand of Henkel & Co... 20 83 

Total amount due Synod $52 fiT 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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20 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

CLERICAL ROLL 



Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D Conover, N. C. 

J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

T. Moser Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

D. Eflrd Lexington, S. C. 

S. Henkel, D. D .New Market, Va. 

H. Wetzel Woodstock, Va. 

Prof. C. IT. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

J. M. Smith. Conover, N. C. 

Prof. J. I. Miller Lnray, Va. 

Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D Dallas, N. C. 

I. Condor. McGaheysville, Va. 

Prof. L. A. Fox, D. D Salem, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

M. L. Fox. M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

A. L. Cronse Waynesboro, Va. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

Prof. M. L. Little Dallas, N. C. 

Prof. J. C. Moser Conover, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluek Alma, Va. 

J. K. Etird Rightwell, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E. L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C 

R. A. Yoder Newton, N. C. 

Prof. J. S. Ivoiner Conover, N. C. 

D.A.Goodman Happy Home, N. C. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Fair Grove, N. C. 

D. A. Sox Edwardsville, Ala. 

D. J. Sottlemeyer China Grove, N. C. 

J. A. Rudisill _ ....Jug Town, N. C 

R, IT. Cline Moretz. Mills, N. C. 

Candidates for the Ministry: 

T. E. Armentrout.. Almondville, Va. 

Prof. J. F. Moser . Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Sigman Conover, N. C. 

Beneficiaries : 

P. C. Wike Conover, N. C. 

J. P. Price 

W. L. Darr 

N. G. Deal 

D. M. Moser 

D. I. Offman New Market, Va. 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 



LIST OF CHURCHES 

IN CONNECTION WITH THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 
Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter, (M.) St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Emmanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethlehem, 
St. Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 

Cabarrus County. — St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. Paul, 
St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, Bethel. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. John, 
Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriahf St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

Union County. — Emmanuel. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany, (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trinity, 
St. Peter, Rader, St, John. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. William, Fairview, Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary, 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. Ste- 
phen, St. David. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 



28 EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



RELIGIOUS SERVICES. 



Saturday, 10, A. M., Oct. 31— Rev. C. H. Bernkeim, 1 Cor. 16, 13. 

Saturday night, Oct. 31, at St. Thomas Church — Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
Ps. 103, 9-12. 

Sunday, 10, A. M., Nov. 1— Rev. J. C. Moser, (Church), John 8, 
31, 32. 

Sunday, at St. Thomas Church — Rev. A. L. Crouse, Matt. 25, 1-13. 

Sunday, 10, A. M., Nov. 1--Student P. C. Wike, (Grove), Ps. 17, 4. 

Sunday, 7, P. M., Nov. 1— St. Stephen's, Lexington, Rev. R. A. 
Yoder, Luke 15, 2, 

Monday, 12, M., Nov. 2— Rev. M. L. Little, Rev. 3, 11. 

Tuesday, 12, M., Nov. 3— Rev. R. A. Yoder, Jonah 1, 2. 

Tuesday, 7, P. M., Nov. 3— Rev. J. M. Smith, 2 Tim. 2, 19. 

Wednesday, 12, M., Nov. 4— Rev. J. M. Smith, Mark 16, 15, 16. 

Thursday night, St. James Church, at Summit — Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
Num. 10, 29. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 

1.— Devotion. 

2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 

6. — Reports of Special Committees. 

7. — Resolutions. 

8. — New Business. 

9. — Devotion. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to teach his people the 
duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his congregations col- 
lections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular conven- 
tion of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the con- 
dition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to 
their confirmation, is. in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a 
loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge 
and other qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by 
some : be it, therefore, 

Resolved. That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers and con- 
gregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who 
make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by 
Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to their 
confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons of age 
and experience make application, or such young persons as have been so 
favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted 
with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, seek 
church privileges, we recommend that their request be granted ; but, in 
no case, until such persons have been examined by the pastor, before the 
council, and have been approved by them. 



THEOLOGICAL COURSE FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS 



Home's Introduction. — Price, 64.50. Knapp's Theology, Price. 63.00. 

Kurtz's Sacred History, " 6 1. 5' X Krauth's Conservative Re- 
Kurtz's Church History. " 63.00. formation. •■ 65.00. 
Hutter's Compend, ,; 61.50. Schmidt's Dogmatics. " $6.00. 
Book of Concord. (Henkel, Mann's Schmfdt's Ethics, " $1.25. 

First Edition . " 62.75. Vinet's Homiletics. " $1.75. 

Book of Concord, (Jacob's Ripley's Sac. Rhetoric, " 61.25. 

Edition, 1882), " 66.00. Yinet's Pas. Theology. ■• 61.25. 

Instruction must be eiven in Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesiastic- 
al Polity. 

At the request of several parties, we append the prices to the above 
list of works, which can be had at our office, if the persons wishing them 
do not care to order the boo' s from the publishers, at the prices given. 

Ten per cent, mu-t be added to the above prices, when the books arc 
to be sent by mail, prepaid. We will send them prepaid at the prices 
given, if $2.50 or more dollars' worth are ordered, to one address. 

Address. HENKEL & CO.. 

Xew Market. Shenandoah Co.. Va. 






INDEX, 



Page. 

Action on Diet 7, 8 

Action relative to Dr. Henkel's resignation as Pres. of Con. College. . 18 

Appropriations for Beneficiaries 23 

Arrangement for Sunday-school services 23 

Beneficiary Work, — Resolutions, —Printing Minutes, Thanks, &c 23 

Committee on St. John's Church, S. C, difficulty 22 

Committees 6 

Committee on Publication of Book of Concord continued 16 

Corresponding Delegates 22 

Delegates to next Diet 8 

Exercises, Religious 28 

Form of Ordination Certificate 15 

Lay-Delegates 3, 4 

List of Churches 27 

Officers of Synod 4 2 

Order of Business 28 

President's Report 4, 5 

Parochial Report 25 

Roll, Clerical 26 

Report of Committee on President's Report 6, 7 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church 8, 10 

Report of Committee on Ordination 10 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 10, 12 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 13 

Report of Committee on the Ambrose Henkel Monument 14 

Report of Committee on Missions 16 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions 16 

Report of the Board of Trustees of Concordia College 17 

Report of the President of Coucordia College 17 

Report of Visiting Committee 17, 18 

Report of Committee on Beneficiary Treasurer's Report 18 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 19, 20 

Report of Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund 20, 21 

Report of Delegate to Holston Synod 21, 22 

Report of Corresponding Delegate to S. C. Synod 22 

Report of Committee on districting Synod 22, 23 

Standing Committees 29 

Treasurer's Report 24 

W siting Committee 18 





Date Due 




I*AN !4- s7 








MAY 9 fi 1 ( 


389 






MA" » ° ' 






































































































• 




























Library Bureau 


Cat. no. 1137 





I 



Div.S. 28ii.l L973SA Tenn 

£6th-6£th 1876-8$ 222093 

Evan. Lutheran 



i*roceejiing3^ 



Scii.R. 384.1 LS73Sa Tenn.56th- 

65th. 1876-85 323093 



^CHOu^ Qf REUGION 



FOR LIBRARY 
USE ONLY