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BX 8957 .N7 A3
Presbyterian Church in the
U.S.A. Synod of New York.
Minutes of the . . . annual
session of the Synod of lie\
JAN 7 1915
THIRTY-THIRD ANNUAL SESSION
SYNOD OF NEW YORK
HELD AT THE WEBB HORTON MEMORIAL CHURCH
IN THE CITY OF MIDDLETOWN
OCTOBER 20-22, A. D. 1914
WITH AN APPENDIX
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE SYNOD
under the direction of the Stated Clerk
GENEVA, N. Y.
PBESS OF VV. F. HUMPHREY
THE OFFICERS OF THE SYNOD
Rev. Walter Rockwood Ferris. D.D.. Syracuse.
Rev. Ralph W. Brokaw, D.D., Utica.
Rev. J. WiLFORD Jacks, D.D.. Geneva.
Rev. Daniel A. Ferguson, D.D., Hammond.
John T. D. Blackburn, Esq., 129 Water St., Albany.
Rev. Ebenezer B. McGhee, Rochester.
Rev. Frederick W. Fuess, Baldwins ville.
GENERAL SECRETARY AND TREASURER OF
Rev. George Fairlee, D.D., t86 Second Ave., Trow
THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Thk Synod of New York met, in accordance with adjournment,
in the Webb Horton Memorial Church, Middlctown, N. Y., on
Tuesday, October 20th, 1914, at half past seven o'clock, v. m , and
was opened ^A'ith a sermon by the Moderator, Rev. E; Van Dykk
Wight, D.D., of the Presb>^ery of Hudson, from r Corinthians 9:22
"I am become all things to all men that I may by all means save
After the sennon, the Synod was constituted with prayer.
Upon the report of the Permanent Committee on Rcgistrat'on, the
fallowing ministers and elders were recognized as duly appointed
delegates and their names were entered up^n the Roll of the Synod:
ROLL OF THE SYNOD
PRESBYTERY OF ALBANY.
W. Francis Berger,
William H. Stubblebine, Ph.D.
Peter A. Macdonald,
Edward R. James,
Raym.ond C. Hoag.
Grantham A. Kinsel,
Francis E. Cra ic.
David F. Bonner, D.D..
A. C. MacKenzic, D.D..LL
John A. Black-lock.
William T. Haney,
Edson J. Pritcbard. D D.S.
John Q. Barlow.
Albert P. McGraw.
SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Thomas W. Campbell,
John J. MacDonald, D.D.
William H. Tower,
Robert J. Jensen,
J . Allison MacRury .
Harry A. Wynkoop,
Frederick B. Stewart,
Stephen J. Mills,
Charles P. Oakley,
George P. Conard,
Samuel B. Van Buren.
Henry Ward, D.D.,
F. LeRoy McCauley.
Harry B. Boyd,
Andrew V. V. Raymond, Jr., (2).
John S. Chittenden,
WilHam M. Wheeler,
William L. Ostrom,
William A. Galpin.
Vernon N. Yergin,
Plato T. Jones,
C. Gorman Richards, D.D.
Alfred G. Sisson,
F. E. Swift.
John H. Gardner,
Herbert T. Earl.
Frank H. Bisbee,
WilHam H ansom , D . D .
O. R. Borthwick,
Frank M. DcMunn.
George C. Yeisley , D . D . ,
E. Deyo Van Dyck.
X. EASTERN PERSIA
SYNOD OF NEW YOKK
William \^ Te Winkle,
[.Van Kirk Wells,
Nevin D. Bartholomew
Leonard L. Shepard,
Eugene P. Norton.
Prescott C. Crosby.
W. Harrison Beach.
Francis S. Haines,
George H. Bon sail,
E. Van Dyke Wight, D.D.,
Azcl Huli Fish,
Robert O. Kirkwood, D.D.
W. Ebenezer Johnson.
Eugene F. Perry,
Frederick E. Allen,
Norris W. Harkness.
Robert D. Merrill,
Charles S. Tat or.
XIV. LONG ISLAND.
Samuel R. Glover,
Joseph H. Randall,
William C. Rogers.
WiUis M. Stone.
John W. Andenson,
J. LeRoy Tilden.
Harlan G. Mendenhall, D.D.,
Simeon B. Dunn, D.D.,
George S. Webster, D.D., (2),
Albert D. Gantz,
Edward J. RusseU,
Harold S. Rambo,
Jonathan C. Day, D.D.,
Arthur N. Limouze.
William S. Bennett,
William B. Hills, D.D.S.
R. Llewellyn Rees,
Charles S. McKay,
John A. Park,
James L. Beyea, M.D.,
Nelson S. Easton,
Charles A. Kinch.
Charles A. Lawrence,
William F. Secular.
SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Thomas A. Kerr, M.D.,
A. W. Richmond.
XIX. NORTH LAOS.
Charles G. EUis, Ph.D.
William H. Wilcox,
Wallace H. Carver,
Joseph W. Babbitt.
XX. NORTH RIVER.
John B. Cathcart,
Ernest W. ConkHn,
Ali^hcctisP. Meeker, Ph.D.,
William McNair Kittredge,
John B. Kaloria.
William R. Brink.
XXII. PORTO RICO.
Ebenezer B. McGhee,
Theodore M. Carli.sle,
John Giovanni Pons.
William Grant En.sign,
William L. Slokoe.
David F. Giles,
Fran k B . Cowan ,
Curtin G. R<x)p,
XXIV. ST. LAWRENCE.
John E. Rein beck.
SYNOD OF NEW YORK
LuciusC. Bulklcy, M.D.
Joel C. Glover,
Elmer J. Stuart,
John R. Eraser.
J. Albert Parker,
James S. Thorp.
Walter Rockwood Ferris, D.D.
Samuel W. Steele, D.D.,
Frederick W. Fucss,
John R. Woodcock.
John T. Roberts,
Benjamin F. Redner,
George Fairlee, D.D.,
Charles E. Mac Ginness,
Edward A. Loux,
James A. Pratt.
William L. Hitchcock,
Fred W. Coons,
William H. Hollister, Jr.
Edward W. Arms.
Theodore F. Jessup, (2).
Ral]jhW. Brokaw, D.D.,
William E. Kimball, D.D.
George B. Swinnerton,
Cuthbcrt C. Frost.
Fred W. Easton,
Morris L. Lawrence,
Robert R. Watson,
David W. Hook.
George Reynolds, D.D.,
Anthony N. Petersen,
Henr>^ F. Watts,
Lester H. Bent.
George E. Reed,
William B. Jones,
James R. Brash,
David A. Nelson,
Robert M. Reevs.
8 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 20th
Rev. Walter Lockwood Ferris, D.D., of the Presbytery of
S\Tacuse was chosen Moderator and was duly inducted into office.
Rev. Frederick W. Fuess of the Presbytery of vSyracuse and Rev.
Ebenezer B. McGhee of the Presb^-terx' of Rochester were chosen
Mr. Edwin T. Hanford, chairman of the Committee of Enter-
tainment extended a hearty welcome to the members of Synod.
Rev. E. Van Dyke Wight, D.D., chairman of the Committee of
Arrangements, recommended the printed program as the order of
exercises, subject to such changes as may be necessary. It was so
Synod then adjourned until nine o'clcok, Wednesday morning.
Closed with prayer.
Wednesday, October 21,9 o'clock, a. m.
Synod met and was opened with prayer by the Moderator.
The Minutes were read and approved.
Delegates not previously enrolled, marked (2), were reported
The Moderator announced the appointment of the Rev. Ralph W.
Brokaw, D.D., of the Presbytery of Utica as Vice-Moderator and the
following Standing Committees.
1. Bills and Overtires:
Ministers — E. Van Dyke Wij^ht, George H. Bonsall, A. Cameron
MacKenzie, Peter A. Macdonald, Harlan G. Mendenhall, Alpha^us P.
Meeker, Robert W. Veach, William H. Stubblcbine.
Elders— W. Harrison Beach, F. E. Swift, O. R. Borthwick, William
B. Hills. David M. Jacklin";. Almon Bristol, Frederick W. Coons.
2. JuDicL-vL Business:
Ministers — Francis vS. Haines, George C. Yeisley, Albert D. Gantz,
John H. Gardner, George B. Swinnerton, Anthony N. Petersen,
William V. Te Winkle, John R. Woodcock.
Elders — John T. Roberts, Harry A. Wynkoop, John S. Chittenden,
James Jackson, Fred W. Easton, John E. Reinbeck, George E. Reed.
3. Minutes of the General Assembly:
Ministers — Charles G. Ellis, Curtin G. Roop, Peter Birrell.
Elders — Robert Abbott, David W. Hook.
Elders — William S. Bennett, Prescott C. Crosby, Herbert T. Earl,
Benjamin F. Redner, Eugene P. Norton.
5. Leave of Absence:
Ministers — Azel H. Fish, David B. McMurdy, Elmer J. Stuart,
Frank M. Weston, David F. Giles.
Elders — William R. Brink, John B. Cathcart, Hugh Campbell,
J. LeRoy Tilden.
6. Nomination of Woman's Synodical Committee:
Ministers — C. Gorman Richards, Vernon N. Ycrgin, David F.
Bonner, Peter McKenzie, John R. Eraser.
Elders — J. Albert Parker, William G. Ensign, Thomas Perrine,
A. W. Richmond.
lO SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
7. Nomination of the Trustees of Synod:
Ministers — Theodore M. Carlisle, Morris W. Harkness. Plato T.
Jones, Frank W. Hill, Carl Podin.
Elders — Eugene T. Perry, vSamuel R. Glover, John W. Anderson,
James S. Thor]3.
8. Committee to Collate Reports on the Records of
Ministers— Robert D. Merrill, Edward J. Russell, William H.
Elders — William L. Ostrom, James L. Beyea.
9. Committee to Nominate the Permanent Committees of
Ministers' — Joel C. Glover, vSamuel Dunham, Samuel W. Steele.
Elders— Alhert P. McGraw, R. Llewellyn Rees.
ON THE RECORDS OF THE PRESBYTERIES.
1. Albany: Ministers — George Fairlee, F. LeRoy McCauley;
EW^r— William M. Wheeler.
2. Binghamton: Ministers — George Stonier, John B. Kaloria;
Elder — William A. Galpin.
3. Brooklyn: Ministers — Simeon B. Dunn, Harold S. Rambo;
Elder — John Q. Barlow.
4. Buffalo: Ministers — Samuel Dunham, Henry Baker; Elder
— Edwin J. Pritchard.
5. Cayuga: Ministers — Frank H. Bisbce, Arthiu* M. Limouze;
Elder — Nelson S. Easton.
6. Champlain: Ministers — E. Deyo Van Dyck, James A. Pratt;
Elder — Fred W. Coons.
7. Chkmi'ng: Ministers — Cuthbcrt C. Frost, Lester H. Bent;
Elder-'Ro])^^ R. Watson.
8. Chile: (No records).
9. Columbia: Ministers — George Rcjaiolds, Albert D. Gantz;
Elder — James R. Brash.
A.D. 1()14| SYNOD OF NEW YORK M
10. Eastern Persia: Ministers — Charles S. Tator. Josejih W
Babbitt; Elder — John B. Cathcart.
11. Gkxhske: Ministers — Edward R. James, Henry F. WaLLs;
Elder — Grantham A. Kinscl.
12. Geneva: Ministers — Ebcnezcr B. MeGhee, John A. Bhick-
lock; Elder— WiWiaiw R. Brink.
13. Hudson: Ministers — Frank B. Cow'an, Edward A. Loux;
Elder — WiUiam B. Jones.
14. Long Island: Miiiisiers — Anthony N. Petersen, W. Francis
Berger; Elder — WilHam T. Haney.
15. Lyons: Ministers — David F. Bonner, Charles E. MacGin-
ness; Elder — George E. Reed.
16. Nassau: Ministers — David F. Giles, Joseph Kerr; Elder —
17. New York: Ministers — Robert W. Veach, AVilliam Han-
som; Elder — Thomas Perrine.
18. Niagara: Ministers — Frank M. Weston, J. Allison Mac-
Rur}" Elder — Frank M. Demunn.
19. North Laos: (No records).
20. North River: Ministers — Frank W. Hill, Carl Podin;
Elder — William L. Stokoe.
21. Otsego: Ministers — Thomas W. Campbell, John Deans;
Elder — 0. R. Borthwick.
22. Porto Rico: Ministers — David B. MacMurdy, John
Giovanni Pons; Elder — Samuel B. Van Burcn.
23. Rochester: Ministers — Plato T. Jones, Charles A.Lawrence;
Elder — Alfred G. Sisson.
24. St. Lawrence: Ministers — John H. Ganhier, Charles E.
Mac Ginness; Elder — Charles S. McKay.
25. Siam: (No records).
26. Steuben: Ministers — Peter McKenzie, William F. Scoular;
Elder — John A. Park.
12 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2Ifit
27. Syracuse: Ministers — Henry Ward, Paul Stratton; Elder
—William H. Hollister, Jr.
28. Troy: Ministers — John J. MacDonald, Raymond C. Hoag;
Elder — George P. Conard.
29. Utica: Ministers — William H. Stubblebine, Nevin D.
Bartholomew; Elder — Stephen J. Mills.
30. Westchester: Ministers — Samuel Eaton, Thomas Coyle;
EW^r— Herbert T. Earl.
The Committee of Arrangements recommended the following
order for the celebration of the Lord's Supper at eleven o'clock,
Wednesday morning. Rev. Samuel W. Steele, D.D., to preside; Rev.
Henry Ward, D.D., and the Rev. Robert O. Kirkwood, D.D., to
administer the Bread and the Cup and that the following Ruling
Elders be appointed to ser^^e in the administration of the elements:
J. E. Mills, Harold B. Woodward, Albert P. McGraw, William H.
Hollister, Jr., Benjamin F. Redner, R. Llewellyn Rees, Nelson S.
Easton and Robert M. Reevs.
The report was approved.
On the recommendation of the Stated Clerk the following Over-
tures w^ere referred to the Committee on Bills and Overtures :
1. An Overture from the National Reform Association concerning the
2. An Overture from Hon. William .S. Bennett relating to Presbyterian
3. A paper from Rev. Henry M. Dodd relating to the Temperance cause.
The report of the Committee on Divorce and Remarriage was pre-
sented by the Chairman, Dr. Ralph E. Prime. The report was
received and its recommendations were adopted and is as follows :
It is a difficult thing in the work of your Commitee to distinguish between the
things which are ecclcsiastic-al and the things that are not. Two diflferent
General Assemblies in Judicial Cases and in the review of Synodical Minutes, have
emphasized the unconstitutional acts of Synod and Presbyteries in handling
matters not ecclesiastical, all of which have been condemned as travelling outside
of the limitations of the Church judicatory.
So far as the subject of divorce and remarriage is a moral cjuestion there can
be no doubt, but Synods and Presbyteries as well as the General Assembly may
advise the Churches and Church members and stir them up as citizens in the dis-
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF XEW YORK
charge of their duties in these matters, but as a judicator\' it most certainly can
go no further than to suggest remedies.
We regret exceedingly the attempt to obtain deliverances from our judicatories
for or against the passage of a Constitutional amendment to the U. S. Constitution
and Congressional Legislative action upon this sul)ject. We, however, see
clearly that the evils that hang aroimd divorce and remarriage infect society and
our nation. It is a fact to be regretted that there is such a variance in the different
States of our Country on the subject of causes of divorce. In some of the States
there are as many as fourteen causes of divorce, in five of the States there are
eleven causes of divorce, in four of the States there are ten causes of divorce, in
four of the States there are nine causes of divorce, in twelve of the States there are
eight causes of divorce, in six of the States there are seven causes of divorce, in
ten of the States, there are six causes of divorce, in two of the States there are five
causes of divorce, in two of the States there are four causes of divorce, and in the
State of New York only (and also in the District of Columbia) there is only one
cause of divorce. We may well be proud of the standing of New York State.
New York State is also the cleanest State in all the States except only the State of
Delaware. The only statistics to be found arc those gathered by the United
States Census Bureau, from the last of which it appears that the annual number
of divorces in Delaware are sixteen in every 100,000 of the population, and in New
York it is twenty- three in every 100,000 whereas in the other States it runs up
into many scores, and in some cases toward the 200 in every 100,000. It is solely
out of pure ignorance concerning the facts that New York is evilly spoken of,
when it should be commended as an example.
New York is the Empire State
The Newspapers of New York are the most enterprising in all the land, what-
ever happens anywhere goes into their pages. If it were so in the newspapers
published in every other State, the citizens might very well be ashamed of the
number of divorces obtained in each of them.
It is nothing against New York if any New Yorkers go to Nevada and join the
Reno Divorce Colony, but it is to the dishonor of such States that their laws are
framed on such a low standard as to attract the worst from our State.
A proposed constitutional amendment is pending in the United States Congress
to authorize the enactment by Congress of laws on the subject of marriage and
divorce for all the United States, and there is a great hue and cry in favor of a Uni-
form Federal Divorce Law. What would that mean to our citizens? The centre of
population in our country has moved far west and is now located in the West of
Indiana, hence the House of Representatives of the United States in accordance,
with the population, will give West of Indiana at least one-half of the members
of the House of Representatives. The Senate of the United States is composed
of two Senators from each State, and the number of States in which the divorce
laws are founded upon loose standards of morality, and divorce made easy, are
far more in number than the States holding strictly at most to two causes of
divorce, and it is not difficult to see that a Uniform Divorce Law would reflect the
14 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
local opinion of the constituents of Senators and Representatives in Congress,
and although for the District of Columbia, Congress fixed the New York Standard
of one cause of divorce, in a locality that had no representatives in Congress, and
whose population were not the constituents of any body, yet with all of this, if
Senators and Representatives should come to enact a law to fit the whole Country,
the home sentiment of each would dictate the kind of a law that we should have
imposed upon our State of New York, and instead of one cause, we might have
fourteen causes of divorce. This situation, to thinking people, should cause them
to hesitate long before they ever favor the proposed constitutional amendment or
any Unifonn Divorce Law.
Other than the recommendation of your Committee this year, our duty should
be that of watching and waiting. We have no desire that the personnel of your
committee should be continued, but we are your servants, and submit that a
committee on this subject, to watch developments at least, should remain one of
the Committees of Synod particularly as now the subject is somewhat acute.
We recommend the adoption of the following:
Resolved, That the Synod of New York, not desiring to go beyond the con-
stitutional limitations, nevertheless deprecates the passage of any constitutional
amendment authorizing Congress to enact any Uniform Federal Marriage or
Divorce Law, as necessarily a peril and danger to the standard of divorce, enacted
for the State of New York, unless we can be assured that such a law should be of
the standard of the existing law in the State of New York.
Resolved, That we call the attention of the members of our churches to the
subject ; and we urge upon them the careful study of the situation in our country
and the probabilities of what would be, in any action by Congress; and the
probability of the possible standard that might be adopted by Congress in view
of the power which exists, not favorable to the standard in the State of New York,
and we urge also upon them that they set their faces against any legislation,
constitutional, federal or otherwise, which shall lower the standard or tend to
lower the standard or endanger the standard of the Laws of the State of New
York, on th* subject of divorce.
It was also resolved :
That the Committee on Divorce and Remarriage be hereby continued; and
are hereby instructed to watch all matters affecting the subject referred to the
committee and to cause such notice as they may deem wise to be given to the
members of our Church within this Synod, that, as citizens, they may be on guard,
and that Synod advises and counsels them as citizens, to be watchful and to
oppose all legislation, constitutional or legislative, which shall tend in any way to
lower the standard of the State of New York in the matter of divorce and remar-
riage of divorced persons, also to seek to secure legislation in the several States
which shall make illegal and void, the remarriage of any person forbidden to
remarr>' by the law of the State of his or her residence, or by the decree of judgment
of any Court in any proceeding or action to which he or she shall have been a
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
The Committee on Student Work in Non-Presbyterian Colleges
was presented by Rev. Gcorj:;e B. Stewart, D.D., and accepted.
After an address by Rev. Herbert W. Moore, Student Pastor at
Cornell University, it was a]:)])roved and the following recommenda-
tions were adopted:
As in fonner years, your Coninuttcc has cunlincd its work lu one institution,
viz., Cornell University at Ithaca, for the reason that we have deemed it wise to
concentrate our eflforts until the work became somewhat firmly established.
Pursuant to our report a year ago your Committee, acting under authority
from Synod anil in co-operation with the General Assembly's Board of Education,
secured the Rev. Herbert M. Moore as Student Pastor for Cornell University and
he began his work in that capacity in December last. He found over 900 studente
of Presbyterian affiliation in attendance upon the University and in the Freshman
Class 180 young men and women who were members of our church. 1,000
students in the University expressed no religious preference and thus, in an
important sense, became a portion of our field. Thus far, our church is the only
one that has an ordained man working among the 5,000 students in attendance
upon this institution and, therefore, Mr. Moore in a significant sense may be said
to have the whole student body as his field.
Mr. Moore has entered upon his work with a fine cnthusiasiii, with a com-
prehensive knowledge of student life and needs, and with wisely devised plans for
work. Your Committee takes the liberty of adding further that his personal
qualities and those of Mrs. Moore, who is his earnest and intelligent heli)Tiieet in
this work, are a valuable part of his equipment for this work.
He has made many calls upon the students in their rooms and held many
conferences with them at his home. A Bible Class for the University has been
held on Sunday in the local church and he has had the opportunity of frequently
preaching to the students. Mrs. Moore and he have made their home a social
center for the students and have done much entertaining there. Mr. Moore keeps
close watch upon the health of the students and makes several visits each week at
the University Infinnar\' where he has the opportunity of coming into the closest
personal touch 'with a considerable number of men.
The great number of Presbyterian students at Cornell prevents that amount
of intensive work which could be carried forward in institutions where
only a few hundred students are gathered. Nevertheless, the Student Pastor
endeavors to call upon all of the Presbyterian students at least once during the
year and seeks those who are in especial need of his help.
The peculiar quality of student life makes the social approach to the student
the most accessible and effective. It is, therefore, highly desirable that the Stu-
dent Pastor should have every- facility for cultivating social relations with the
students. To this end a manse close to the University grounds for the Student
Pastor would he invaluable to him. In this way he and Mrs. Moore would be able
greatly to multiply their personal contact with the students and sc increase their
personal influence over them. Such a manse ought to be a sort of religious social
l6 SYNOD OF NEW ^ORK [Oct. 2ISt
center, especially for the Presbyterian students. Around it should gather much
of their social life. The personal touch which the Student Pastor has been able to
establish through his home, as at present situated with all its necessary limita-
tions, convinces your Committee that, if he could have more adequate and suitable
accommodations which a manse properly located would give him, his efficiency
would be immensely increased. Many synods have already added a manse to
the equipment which they have provided for their vStudent Pastors in their Uni-
versities, and it is to be hoped that the Synod of New York will, in the near future,
provide such a building at Cornell University.
The Board of Education has co-operated with your committee throughout the
year in a most effective way and it is due to this co-operation that the Synod has
been able to carry forward this work at Cornell. As the Board has assumed the
financial responsibility for this work ,with the understanding that the Synod would
make a special effort to increase its contributions to the Board, your Committee
would earnestly urge upon all of the pastors, sessions, and churches to recognize
the solemn responsibility of this agreement to make their contributions as large
as possible to the General Assembly's Board of Education.
This Board sent out during the year blanks to be filled by the pastors, request-
ing information about students who are attending colleges and universities. Such
information as the Board received regarding the students at Cornell University,
it immediately put at the disposal of the Student Pastor. It is obvious that such
infonnation is of immense value to him and your Committee regrets to say that,
on account of the fact that very few pastors replied to this request for information,
the help he received from this source was almost negligible. Pastors can greatly
increase the effectiveness of this work by sending, either to the Board of Education
at Philadelphia or directly to Mr. Moore at Ithaca, information about members of
their congregations who are in attendance upon Cornell University.
The affiliation of the students with the local church by what is commonly
called "affiliated membership" is an effective method of keeping students in vital
relations to the church. This plan does not contemplate severing the student from
his home church, as he still remains a member of it. It simply means that, while
he is in attendance upon Cornell University, he becomes an affiliated member of
the Presbyterian Church in Ithaca and, hence, comes under the watchful care of
our Student Pastor. Pastors will do a great service- to their own young people, if
they will urge them to become identified with the church in Ithaca in this way
during their student life.
1. That the Synod commends the General Assembly's Board of Education
to the enlarged support of its churches in view of its great work, and especially
in view of its generous support of the Synod's Students Work, at Cornell Univer-
2. I'liat Synod recognizes the need for a manse for the Student Pastor at
Cornell University and earnestly hopes that through the liberality of friends of
this important work, such a house may be provided in the near future.
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 17
3. That S}Tiod recomniomls its pastors to fumisli Rev. Ilerljcrt AI. Moore,
Presbyterian Student Pastor at Ithaca, New York, the names of their young
people who are attending that University and urges its pastors to recommend to
their young people that they become affiliated members of our church at Ithaca
during their residence there.
The Committee on the Next Place of Meeting reported that two
invitations had been received, one from the Church at Batavia, and
a second from the Three Churches of Newburgh. The invitation of
Batavia was accepted and the thanks of Synod were tendered the
Chnrches of Newburgh with the hope that a little later their kindly
hospitality might be enjoyed.
The Treasurer's Report was read by the Stated Clerk and referred
to the Committee on Finance.
The plan for the adjustment of Salaries of Ministers and merging
of churches in connection with the report on Synodical Home Missions
was read and together with the following resolution was referred to
the Commitee on Bills and Overtures:
Resolved, That the plan for the adjustment of salaries on the basis of $1000
per year, prepared by Synod's Permanent Committee on Home Missions be
referred to the Committee on Bills and Overtures.
Rev. Frank B. Cowan, chairman of the Committee on Religious
Education, presented the following report which was accepted and its
recommendations were adopted :
We are concerned with the religious education of the people of our Synod.
It has been remarked that it is hardly too much to say "that education is the
largest word in the vocabular}^ of life, for it symbolizes all those forms that have
raised man from the plane of the brute, all those characteristics that differentiate
him from the speechless anthropoid." Religi/ius education is the bringing of all
the accumulated spiritual experiences of the human race to bear upon the Spirits
of individuals. It is also the bringing of them so steadily and so skillfully that
they will become a force in life.
A great deal of attention is given and we would not have it less, to the work of
evangelism and reformation. But do we all not appreciate that it is far more
important that we seize the opportunity of educating the youth in righteousness
and thus removing the necessity of repentance and reformation? Richard Baxter
was distressed one time when he could recall no moment when he first gave himself
to God, but he was at length comforted when he reflected that education is as
properly a m.eans of grace as preaching. We believe in religious education from
the cradle on, therefore we feel that too much emphasis cannot be placed upon
religious education in the home. This is the weak spot in our system of religious
education. We would do well to emulate the fathers in this.
1 8 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ist
But is education sufficient? The question has been raised, Can the soul be
developed into a personality like that of Christ by means of education? I think
we realize that there is something more necessary, if we are to save the youth from
degradation. Everyone must work out his own salvation, and the strongest
factor we can bring to bear upon the youth in our endeavor to lead them into right
paths is the influence of a godly and consecrated life. We are bound to meet with
many failures by simply gathering the children into our Sunday Schools and
teaching them religious truth unless we somehow elevate the spiritual and religious
atmosphere of the homes from which they come. All attempts at religious
education fail unless the spirit of the pupil is transformed or at least led out into
the fullest appreciation of the value of righteousness. Religious education is well
defined by the author of the "Psychology of the Christian Soul". He says, "when
rightly conceived, it is neither the mere giving of information nor the training of
faculties nor the restraining of impulses, but the leading of man into fellowship with
the Mighty Father, the revealing of the universe as altogether just and good, the
developing within him of the sense that he is but one of a great brotherhood, and
that his highest glory is to consecrate himself to their service in God." This is the
aim of various organizations for the religious education of the church. All our
machinery and all these committees are of no avail unless we are doing something
more than recording statistics. We care very little whether our Sunday Schools
have Westminster helps of some other so long as the high aim is being accom-
1 . We recommend the work of our Board of Publication and Sunday School
Work for we believe that they are striving to aid us effectively in accomplishing
our aim. We highly recommend the general use of the new fntermediate Cate-
chism as the best thing of the kind for setting before the minds of the youth the
cardinal principles of our Church. We commend to the attention of our churches
the various publications of the Board.
2. Sunday Schools.
We submit a few figures gleaned from the reports the past two years which
seem to us interesting.
We have in our Synod this year 1018 schools which is a gain of 18 over last
year. The total enrollment this year is 167,826 which is also a gain of 2,606.
We have 14,267 adult classes as against 6,301 last year. Teacher training has
also received larger attention for we have 1,301 as against 394 last year. About
one-half of the schools give attention to Missionary and Temperance instruction
and about the same number report that definite decision for Christ is urged. We
have 26,965 members of the Church in the Sunday School which is a gain of 370,
but the strange thing is that the number added to the Church this past year was
nearly a 1000 less than the previous year. This means that the reports are
inaccurate or else a considerable number who were in the schools last year have
droi)ped out. The most di.scouraging item in the reports is that our benevolent
gifts have dropped to $60,710 or $17,074 less than a year ago.
3. Young Peoples' Societies.
We are unable to submit any figures concerning the work of the Societies for
young people in our Synod because the reports submitted by the Presbyteries are
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
SO incomplete and also because several Presbyteries have made no report to the
Board or to your committee. In studying the reports submitted we find that the
problem has not changed. The first enthusiasm of Christian Endeavor has greatly
waned and what is being accomplished to-day through the medium of the young
people's organizations is more enduring and less dependent on the enthusiasm that
comes from numbers. There is a vcr>' large variety of societies which indicates
that each church is endeavoring to meet the conditions which are local and seeking
the solution of its peculiar problems.
Altogether the reports are encouraging.
At the last meeting of Sjmod the question of securing a Synodical Superin-
tendent of Religious Education was raised by certain members of that body, and
your committee were instructed to take the suggestion under serious considera-
tion. Last year we recommended that no appointment be made and Synod sus-
tained our recommendation. After twelve months of further consideration we
see no reason for altering our position. We have sufficient machinery' now, let us
work what we have. Furthermore, one man could not effectively cover the entire
We submit the following recommendations:
1. We renew our recommendations of last year that all of the Presbyteries
be requested to unite their permanent committees on Sunday Schools and Young
People's Work under the head of Religious Education, and that the chairman of
these committees report annually to the Board of Publication and Sunday School
Work and also to Sjmod's Committee on Religious Education.
2. That we endorse the graded lessons prepared bj^ the Board of Publication
and Sunday School work.
3. That the Board of Publication and Sunday School Work be commended
to all our pastors and churches as the appointed agency of the Church for helping
them in their work and as worthy of their support and co-operation.
4. That we heartily approve of the Summer Conferences and Schools for
promoting Religious Education and that we encourage our pastors and church
workers to endeavor to improve their opportunities for special work in religious
5. That in the future, the Committee of the Synod on Religious Education
be appointed from the chairmen of the Presbyterial Committees.
The Committee on Home Missions presented its report which was
accepted and its substance is as follows:
The Board's 1825 missionaries, alone, would make more than a full regiment
of soldiers, while the membership of the churches and missions served would
comprise an army of 67,250. An army as varied in its complexions and languages
as that of the Allies in the war in Europe, its increase, prisoners taken for Christ
on confession and made good soldiers, 6931, and its recruits received by letter
4318. Our Board's field of operations does not admit of massing battalions, but
rather presents a wide flung skirmish line reaching from the Polar Circle to the
Tropics and from Sea to Sea, reaching back into the forgotten recesses of the
SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
mountains, penetrating to the enemy intrenched in the deep woods, and holding
strategic centers in the great cities and picket lines in the villages and upon the
billo^^y plains. The conquests of our Home Missionary army are never secure.
The tide of immigration and the rapid development of cities and the consequent
flux of population in city and rural communities bring about ever changing social,
moral and religious conditions, which, while building up some churches are con-
stantly reducing other erstwhile strong and independent city as well as countn,"
churches from independence to dependency, from supporters of the Board to its
beneficiaries. Hence the work of the Board goes on, ever advancing, winning
here, losing there, yet ever seeking to conserve the old where possible, and
upon the whole, making the gains outnumber the losses.
A further difficulty under which the Board has labored in the recent past is
that its work has been done under the fire ol criticism, with all charity, we may
hope, upon the part of those who, because of the intensity of their interests in
some particular field or phase of the work, have possibly failed to realize the grand
strategy of those who have planned the larger campaign. Good, however, some-
times comes from what we consider evil. The net result of the aforesaid criticism
has been a complete reorganization of the Board of Home Missions effected in
accordance with the proposals made by the standing committee of Home Missions,
approved and adopted by the last General Assembly.
We would call yotir attention to the report of the Standing Committee on
Home Missions to the Last Assembly, "We believe the heart of the whole church
is with us when we express our hearty approval and endorsement of the aggressive
policies of our Board, whereby alike in the congested quarters of the cities and in
the neglected and lifeless churches and villages in the rural districts, it has kindled
new hope, quickened churches and communities, which were slowly stagnating
and dying, and kept our church in the van of the forces making for social righteous-
ness, peace and joy." "Our church has sounded forth the trumpet that shall
never sound retreat."
The Council of Home Missions, a council composed of one member from each
synod, is henceforth to meet once a year, preceding the meeting of the General
Assembly to consider the problems and policies of their respective synods and of
the church at large. This action is a long step toward unifying the work of the
whole church while at the same time it does not interfere with the principle of self-
administration by presbyteries and synods.
The problem of Home Rule which is such a burning issue across the sea has
its counterpart in the Principle of Self-administration in Presbyteries and Synods
also adopted as a part of the plan and giving great promise of good. The principle
1. "Each Presbytery and Synod shall have the right of initiation, direction
and control as to the Home Mission work within its l)ounds, as to choice and loca-
tion of appointees and as to the compensation of such appointees, within the
limits of the Board's appropriation.
2. Each Presbytery shall give to the board a faithful accounting of the use
of funds appropriated, and in case of complaint, the Board should use its own
discretion, subject to the review of the Assembly's Standing Committee on Home
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 21
Another matter of importance is the increase of the mcmhcrsliip of the Board
from 26 to 30 mcmliers, which is intended to meet the desire, especially of the west,
that it shoidil have personal representation in the membership of the board, newly
elected members representing the Synods of Colorado, Alabama, Washington-
Texas and Minnesota.
As reorganized, the Board finds itself in stronger position than ever before and
b-etter prepared to conduct the great work for Home Missions committed to it
and confidently looks to the churches of this Synod for their enthusiastic support.
In view of these facts, notice:
1. The Boards Need. Owing possibly to the fact that for the past year or
more the Board has been under fire, and probably more to general financial
conditions which it is not our province to discuss, the Board ended its financial
year with a deficit for the second time, in fifteen years and was compelled to draw
from its reserve fimds. (All credit however, be given to the Woman's Board who
changed a deficit of $24,000 to a surplus of $26,000.)
In view, moreover of the new problems presented by the European War and
the many calls for aid from the charitable arising therefrom there is particular
need that our vested interests in our Home Mission field are not allowed to suffer.
2. A study of the contributions of the churches of this vSynod to the Home
Board reveals certain disquieting facts. That, while our Synod is the largest
contributor to the board, the offerings for evangelism during the past ten years
refuse to show any consistent ^.dvance. The contributions in the year 1904-05
were $81,576 with a more or less regular increase to $94,128 in 1911-12 and a
sudden fall to $82,963 in 1912-13 and 'a further drop to $80,481 in 1913-14.
Actually less than we gave ten years ago. Moreover, the board expended within
the Synod of New York last year for work among Foreigners and Indians $47,791.
In view, therefore, of the constantly increasing demands of Home Mission
work and in view of the undoubted wealth of the membership of the Presbyterian
Church in the Empire State these facts are disquieting and call for a heroic effort
on the part of pastors and laymen to meet the proper demands of this Board whose
work is so vital to the honor of the Church of Christ in our home land.
The Committee on Church Erection presented the following report
which was accepted and its recommendations were adopted:
This Board is limited in its gifts by the conditions of its charter and the rules
of the General Assembly which fact should be remembered by Presbyteries and
Churches when applying for aid.
The Assembly has fixed one thousand dollars as the maximum grant and three
thousand dollars as the rraxiirum lean. Emphasis is now placed by the
Assembly upon the loan principle, so that the Board may be reimbursed for its
aid when the Church being helped is strong enough to return the loan.
The Assembly also urges upon the Board the uses of selecting sites in strategic
places for the erection of churches. The campaign for a ' ' Manse for every Pastor' '
is vigorously pushed by the Board.
2 2 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 ISt
Synod last year gave $10,433 to this board, 547 churches out of 872 contrilnit-
ing; this year $11,334 have been given to this board, 543 churches out of 872
contributing. Last year $7,700 were drawn out for use in our Synod, and this
year only $5,000 were taken for our Presbyteries. In two years the Board has
gained from our Synod $9,472.
This result is as should be, for the great western field needs our help, and the
demands of the rural church for aid are greater than in the past.
The Kennedy Fund must be administered by regulations of the Assemblj^,
which permit the Board to use the income for such general purposes as may be
deemed proper. It cannot be used in an indiscriminate manner.
The Board is now making an effort to obtain as much as possible of the two
million dollars in grants to churches which have not yet returned their loans.
Many churches which were once in need and received aid are now able to repay
their loans, and the board expects to be successful in its efforts in this direction.
Your committee recommends the following:
1. That the Presbyteries adopt the "Denver Plan" of having a committee
of the missionary agencies of the Presbytery supervise the details of such work so
that full harmony and efficiency may result and the Board of Church Erection be
given its due consideration.
2. That the Presbyteries endeavor to stimulate the 324 churches which do
not contribute to this Board to become regiilar givers to this w-ork.
The Committee on Ministerial Relief presented its report which
was accepted and after an address by Rev. George C. Yeisley, D.D.,
its recommendations of last year were renewed. It is as follows :
Your Committee on Ministerial Relief has little in way of encouragement, to
report as a result of the year's work.
There has been a heavy falling off in contributions for the current work of the
Board in some of our strong Presbyteries while hundreds of individual churches
are still unconscious seemingly, of the existence of the Board and the important
and necessary work it is doing.
The contributions from Synod to the Relief cause were increased by $1545
the past year but the withdrawals in the way of annuities within our Synod for the
same time were $2825 more than the year previous so that Synod stands debtor
to the Board for the year ending April ist, 19 14, for $1280.
Albany Presbytery in which the campaign for Relief and Sustentation, was so
successfully carried through in April, 1913, increased its contributions to the Relief
work this past year $72, but in the same period it drew out in annuities $850 more
than the year before; and so on throughout the Synod in greater or less amounts.
A letter from Dr. Foulkes, General Secretary of the Board under date of the
1 8th inst, states that "Already we have spent this fiscal year over $90,000 for
current work, more than we have received for the same purpose." Then he
adds "we do not face the future with fear but with some anxiety. We are sure
the church does not want us to cut down the annuities nor do we want to report a
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 23
Does the Church want the annuities cut down? They are now only barely
sufficient to sustain life. Dr. Foulkes further adds that no increase in allowance
can be considered.
What is to be the action of Synod in response to the needs of this cause?
Is SjTiod to go on increasing its withdrawals from the Board (and there seems to
be an ever increasing need for it) without at the same time increasing its gift to
the Board? Can it do so honorably with itself, and conscientiously toward the
Board and the 1400 beneficiaries and aged Ministers and their Widows now on
the Roll? There is no greater question before the Synod to-day than this and it
must be met in a generous and broad and sympathetic spirit.
Your Committee renews its recommendations of last year that Presbyteries
assist the Board in its Nation Wide campaign for The Ten Million Endowment
Fund as well as for increased contributions for the current needs of the Board and
the Sustentation Work ; also to again suggest whether the time has not come when
the Synod in the interest of this most important and needy Cause should employ a
competent man as field representative whose time should very largely if not
entirely be given to this work.
The Committee on the Freedmen's Board presented the follo^ving
report which was approved:
In our contributions to this Board, we must not forget that the scope of its
work is so large that it calls for generous support on the part of our churches.
The problem of our land is often said to be the negro problem. In our midst is
growing up a race that will not assimilate with our people but a race that should
be educated and enlightened with the truth of the gospel.
The work of our Board embraces evangelization, the support of the pastors,
education, theological, college, secondary and elementary. With these duties
resting upon it, we should as a church, hold up the hands of those to whom we
have intrusted such responsibilities.
The contributions of the churches do not meet the demands for the work.
During the past year the annual congregational collection from the churches
amounts to $78,146.85, compared with $76,784.73, a gain of $1,262.12, but the
Young People's Society fell behind to the amount of $1,058.61, while the receipts
from miscellaneous sources decreased from $34,468.20 to $24,474.96. The
legacies this past year were $17,633.19, less than last year.
The work of this board cannot be left to those who leave it uncertain
amounts at death, (as legacies). It must be maintained by the systematic and
regular contributions of the church at large.
EXTENT OF THE WORK.
The w-ork is continually growing and that, too, out of proportion to the
income. The following will give us an idea of the responsibility resting upon the
board. It is responsible for both salaries and nmning expenses.
24 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
Ministers 241 Ministers who preach only 135
Church and Missions 405 Ministers who preach and teach 96
Added on examination 152 Ministers who teach only 16
Number of day schools 136 La>Tnen who teach 30
Number of teachers in day schools 444 Women who teach 306
Number of pupils 16427
During the past years, the Board has employed Rev. J. J. Wilson. The
success of his work is seen by the large number added on examination during the
year. Mr. Wilson's labors have been greatly blessed by God and his work among
the churches has done much toward establishing a sane but enthusiastic evangelis-
tic service. A member of the Board has guaranteed the salary of a new man to
assist in this work.
The educational work under this board includes all grades of instruction from
theological to the kindergartens for day schools. The long list of institutions give
some idea of the work. One phase should be especially mentioned. The educa-
tional work is of such a character that it fits this race for better citizenship.
While all the schools are not industrial, a large number of those institutions are
and it is not necessary for our givers to go beyond our own church to support
schools which have demonstrated their efficiency for training these people in the
ordinary trades of life.
A colony is now being formed in connection with the Harbison College which
has been recently removed to Irmo, South Carolina.
It is the purpose of these institutions to cultivate an industrious and efficient
spirit in the negro and to fit him for all the ordinary walks of life. But the Board
holds that the religion of Christ is a vital factor in all such education.
In view of this extensive work, we believe that this Board should have the
liberal support of the churches of this Synod. The matter of the support of the
colored work in our own Synod, has, through the General Assembly, come to the
attention of vSynodical Missions. We believe that all action concerning this
should be held in abeyance until it can be satisfactorily adjusted by the Board of
Freedmen and Home Missions.
We bespeak a larger contribution from the churches of this state, which last
year gave $11,972.02.
The Committee on the College Board presented the following
report which was accepted and its recommendations were adopted:
When one reflects upon the fact that of all the home and foreign missionaries,
the Christian college furnishes 93%, and of the Students in our Theological
Seminaries 90% come from Christian colleges, he begins to realize that not only
the extension of the Kingdom depends on the Christian college, but also it is the
source of supply for the Christian Ministry. During the past year the energies
of the Board have been devoted to an attempt to extend more widely an interest
in the fundamental importance of Christian education and a more sympathetic
understanding of the place and work of the Christian college. To this end three
lines of effort have been pursued. In cooperation with the Board of Education a
A.D. 19 14] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 25
campaign was carried on tlirough the fall meetings of the Presbyteries furnishing
speakers, leaflets and arousing enthusiasm and awakening unprecedented interest
in the cause committed to this Board.
A second educational method was the observance of Education Week, covering
the period beginning with the first and ending with the second Sabbath of Feb-
The third plan put into operation has for its object the interesting of the
children in the Sunday-schools in the work of Christian education, to acquaint
them with our Presbyterian colleges and encourage in them a desire to attend
these institutions during their youth and to help support them with their gifts in
after years. These efforts have all met with gratifying success and only em-
phasize the fact that a line of aggressive work of this character will greatly pro-
mote the cause of Christian education. The emphasis at this present time is laid
on the necessity of strengthening the department of Bible instruction in our
institutions. It has been well said that "there is no justification for the existence
of the Christian college unless it is positively Christian in character and influence,
and there is no hope of either clean-cut Christian character or permanent Christian
influence over the lives of the students, if instruction in the Bible is relegated to a
secondary' place." Your committee would call attention to the following action
of the General Assembly and request the adoption of the following resolutions:
Whereas, the General Assembly, at its recent meeting, adopted the following
resolutions: "The General Assembly hereby remind the Synods and Presbyteries
and the College Board that the offerings of the congregations for College Board
W'Ork are missionary offerings and that these gifts should be used for -current
expenses of Presb>i;erian colleges in those sections of the country where our col-
leges have not sufficient resources to attain the end in view without outside help.
"The further equipment and endowment of colleges already well-equipped
and endowed should depend mainly upon the gifts of individuals, and congrega-
tional offerings should be used to assist those institutions which cannot do standard
work without such assistance. The Assembly therefore counsels the Synods and
Presbyteries not to direct that the offerings of their congregations be used for
building, equipment, endowment or the estabUshment of special funds, but to
urge that all congregational offerings be sent to the College Board to be used for
the current expenses of such institutions as cannot earn,'- for%vard standard college
work without the aid of the Church at large.
"It is the judgment of the Assembly that a college should not seek aid for
maintenance from this congregational fund after the college has a productive
endowment of $300,000, and that the Board and Synods are not justified in direct-
ing the use of congregational offerings for the current cxpen.ses of institutions with
so large an endowment, unless it can be done without neglecting the pressing needs
of struggling institutions, or imless it is to assist in extra and unusual expenses
incident to some special effort like an endowment campaign; and the CoUege
Board should be the judge concerning when special needs justify the diversion of
congregational offerings from the missionary purpose for which they are primarily
We recommend that this Synod follow these instructions of the Assembly and
urge its churches to do the same.
26 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
And Whereas, the General Assembly took the following action: "In view
of the facts set forth b}^ the Board concerning the lack of endowed Chairs of Bible
Study and Pastoral Super\asion in Presbj'terian colleges, the Assembly calls upon
the Colleges, the Synods and the Presbj^teries to cooperate with the Board to
endow departments of English Bible in all of our Colleges, and the Assembly urges
upon pastors the importance of bringing this movement to the attention of liberal
friends of Christian education."
We recommend that this Synod heartily enter into such cooperation with the
And Whereas, the General Assembly also took the following action: "That
the College Board be instructed to call the attention of the colleges, the churches
and of Presbyteries and Synods to Section 8 (a) of the Constitution of the Board,
which declares that every college hereafter (1883) established, as a condition of
receiving aid, shall be organically connected with the Presbyterian Church in the
U. S. A., or by perpetual charter provision shall have two-thirds of its Board of
Control members of this Church; also to Section 2 of the Policy of the Board (first
paragraph, under Applications), and that the Board and the churches be instructed
to confine the distribution of church collections to the two classes of colleges
mentioned in these paragraphs, colleges in class three not being entitled to aid from
We recommend that the churches of this Synod be requested faithfully to
follow these instructions."
The Committee on Foreign Missions offered the following report
wliich was accepted:
The world conditions which confront the church to-day have made Foreign
Missions a critical issue. Whatever may be the outcome of the European war,
the terms of peace will only make more urgent and compelling the obligation
resting upon the American church to open up channels through which faith, love
and truth may pass imchecked to all the nations of the earth. These alone go
deep enough into life to create that spirit which will assure lasting peace. Our
missionaries are the heralds of peace and the realization of the purpose of Christian
missions would be to turn the Armageddon of the world into that blessed time of
peace and good will of which the angels sang over the plains of Bethlehem long ago.
Certainly the present distress is no time for a halt in our plans nor for a retreat
of our forces. The economic disturbance which is being felt everywhere on
account of the war calls for readjustment of our methods, but not for prudential
considerations which would provide for our own comfort first. When the nations
are pouring out blood and treasure for the sake of material issues, it ill becomes the
church of Jesus Christ to talk in terms which imply an unwillingness to exercise
self-denial or make any sacrifices. Redemptive love has never made its way, save
through sacrificial love. The burdens of missionary activities that have been
borne by nations now involved in war, must be assumed by us. There is only
one call that should be heard by us today, and that is not to do less than we have
been doing, l)ut more. The willingness of British Christians to rally to the support
of German missionaries is a fine inspiration for us.
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 2^
Owing to enlargement of its work, the Board was obliged to close the fiscal
year with a deficit. Designated special gifts for objects outside of the regular
appropriations brought the total receipts up to the greatest amount the Board has
ever received, but of course, these funds did not apply to the regular budget, which
shows a deficit this year of $35,123, compared witli last year. The distressing
fact has been an actual decrease of per capita contributions to Foreign Missions
in the church offerings in 15 Synods, including some of the most important. It is a
gratifying fact to report that our own Synod was not one of these. The actual
amount of the deficit incurred by the acceptance during the past year of the grow-
ing obligations on the foreign field is $227,000. To this amount must be added the
$65,000 deficit of the previous year, making a total of $292,000. How shall this
amount be secured so as to clear the way for the Board to undertake the rapidly
developing needs which the Budget Committee, notwithstanding their knowledge
of the deficit, have authorized the Board to assume. The only practical thing to
do is to urge through Synod and Presbytery, the obligation resting upon the
individual church to make a desperate effort to increase its gifts for work abroad
60% more than they did last year, which is the ratio necessary' to meet the urgent
Two years ago the China Emergency Campaign was inaugurated in this Sj-nod
and has since been carried on in nearly all the Synods throughout the Church with
astonishing response. Several of our presbyteries have not participated in this
campaign and they are urged to give this Movement which has proved so popular
everywhere that it has been tried, an opportunity among the churches within their
Recently educational campaigns have been conducted in several of our presby-
teries by representatives from the Board which have stimulated fresh interest in
the great cause. Arrangements have also been made for presenting Foreign Mis-
sions at meetings of presbytery by a new method and constructive programs have
been prepared for "A Mission Hour in a Busy Presbytery."
The report of the Committee on Lord's Day Observ^ancc was
presented and followed by Rev. William P. Swartz, Ph.D., Secre-
tary of the New York Sabbath Committee \\4th a brief address.
The report was accepted and its recommendations were adopted:
Our beneficent Sunday laws remain unimpaired and on the whole have been
enforced with increased efficiency during the past year.
The usual attempts at hostile legislation were presented to the Legislature of
1914. The number of such hills, however, was less than formerly, and there
seemed to be more hesitation in pushing them to enactment. Both brevity of the
legislative session and the shortness of the list of anti-Sunday bills was remarkable,
and should awaken our gratitude.
a Among these bills was one providing for Sunday theatrical performances
b Our old enemy from a Hebrew- source reappeared, and was entitled "Sunday
business to be permitted by certain persons." The object of this bill was to enable
28 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
those who profess to observ^e some other day than Sunday for rest and worship, to
do all business unrestricted on the Lord's Day. This bill also was opposed with
such vigor and earnestness by those defending Sunday rest, together with the
Labor interests and the Trades' Unions in sympathetic alliance with them, that
this dangerous innovation was defeated without a hearing.
c There were three Sunday baseball bills, against which our most determined
opposition was necessary. All of them, however, were defeated in the Committee
and did not reach any vote in the Legislature. This was considered by the friends
of Sunday observance to be a genuine triumph.
d We report with regret the failure of two good bills, — The Grocers' bill, to
close grocery stores all day Sunday, except in Greater New York; and the anti-
Vaudeville and Moving Picture Show Bill, both of which were favorably reported
from their committee, but both failed to pass in the closing confusion of this short
e Three or four bills affecting the Day of Rest law passed both Houses and
were signed by the Governor. They were not distinctly Sunday bills, yet they
seriously crippled the scope of the Day of Rest law which went into effect last
October. They permit the Commissioner of Labor to grant exemptions from the
present law by which no employee is permitted to work more than eight hours in
any calendar day. Also to except from the provisions of the Day of Rest law
certain employees in dairies, creameries, butter and cheese factories, ice cream
plants, and the like.
II. ENFORCEMENT OF THE PRESENT SUNDAY LAWS.
a Following Commissioner Wood's plain instructions to the Police Force in
New York concerning vSunday baseball and public sports, the Police have been
enforcing the law with greater uniformity and have stopped many unlawful games.
The present method of stopping all such games at the outset is the only proper and
consistent way of handling this issue. A number of instances have occurred in
and about New York City, in which such games were broken up by the Police,
in some cases involving a brief riot from the crowd already assembled. The
subterfuge of selling an admission ticket in the guise of a magazine has again been
attempted and has been stopped in several notorious instances by the Police.
Attempts to evade the law by other subterfuges, such as the selling of score cards,
the use of a contribution box at the gate, the attempt to call the game an exhibi-
tion of a private club, the so-called charity benefit games and other evasions of the
Law which makes of such public games a misdemeanor, have been repreatedly
frustrated by the Police during the past summer on complaint of those who have
been watchful to secure an orderly and quiet Sunday. Mention should also be
made of the determined stand against Sunday baseball by the churches and pastors
of Binghamton, as well as similar action in Elmira, Newburgh, and Troy.
b A number of theatres in New York City have been warned and threatened
with prosecution for violation of the law preventing theatrical performances on
Sunday. Several cases have been taken up vigorously by the Police, compelling
the theatre law to be observed by those who intended to violate it.
A.D., 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YOKK
In the New York district several judges have decided that moving picture
shows are not pubHc shows. In other parts of the State, eminent judges hold an
opposite opinion. It is very important-that such cases be carried to the highest
c Delicatessen and other stores violating the law which forbids pul)lic traffic
on Sunday. A large number of such violators have been prosecuted and test
cases made against fifteen or twenty of such stores; all of which cases were won
and the proprietors forced to obey the law. In some cases Churches in the vicinity
have cooperated in this movement most effectively by observing and reporting
those who kept their stores open in violation of the law.
"The action of the delicatessen dealers both in Greater New York and in
Rochester in aiding the enforcement of the Sunday- Closing Law has commanded
interest and has merited the support of the friends of the Sabbath."
d A very large number of photographic establishments have been running on
Sunday in all the boroughs of New York. The practice has continued for a num-
ber of years and of late has much increased. The men who work in these estab-
lishments have repeatedly complained to such societies as the New York Sabbath
Committee, desiring that this business should be made to cease or at least be
reduced to a minimum. A number of magistrates have upheld the contention
that this was a violation of the law and was not a work of necessity or mercy.
The cases have been appealed and a final decision is soon expected.
e In the matter of railroad and other public utilities. There have been in
several cases successful attempts to interrupt Sunday labor which had taken
advantage of the plea that such labor was a necessity. Complaints from a number
of towns in the State regarding work on the State roads, aqueducts, highways and
railways have been taken up by the Commissioner of Highways, who has forbidden
all Sunday work on highways throughout the State. The Long Island Railroad
has also promised to permit no unnecessary work on the road and declares it to
be their desire to give their men Sunday rest just so far as possible. The Cen-
tral Railroad of New Jersey, the Lehigh Valley Railroad and the Susquehanna
Division of the Central Railroad are intending greatly to minimize the work done
on the Sabbath, by a plan to stop running coal and freight trains between 6 p. M.
Saturday and 6 P. M. Sunday; only passenger, excursion and perishable freight
trains will be run on Sunday. This step will allow many of the employees to
enjoy Saturday night at home and to attend Church services on Sunday.
The Scientific Research into the Influence of the Sabbath upon Human Welfare
was mentioned in our last report as a matter attracting widespread interest and
of the most hopeful character. This movement, instituted by the New York
Sabbath Committee, has received the widest endorsement both in this country
and in foreign lands by those who consider it will prove a great help to all contend-
ing for the defence of our Christian Sabbath. It proposes a comprehensive,
impartial and rigidly exact Scientific Research into the influence of the Sabbath
upon Human Welfare to be made with University cooperation. It attacks the
problem at its most vital point, viz., the shaping of public opinion and the framing
of intelligent convictions among the masses. Those who wish fuller information
regarding this great movement can secure it by writing to Dr. Wm. P. Swartz,
31 Bible House, New York City.
30 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
An interesting department of work for the preservation of the Lord's Day is
now in progress through the International Lord's Day Congress. This gathering
is planned in connection with the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in
San Francisco, and is to be held in the latter part of July, 191 5. Such Congresses
have been held in connection with previous International Expositions, both in
Europe and America, notably in the United States at Chicago in 1893 and at
St. Louis in 1904. Since then marked progress has been made both in discussion
and in action with reference to Sunday Observance in Europe ; while in the United
States and indeed in every part of the world, new conditions and new issues affect-
ing it are arising and demand serious consideration. The New York Sabbath
Committee, which has been the leader in previous Sunday Rest Congresses in this
country and abroad, moved in this direction some two years ago, and invited the
cooperation of all the great Svmday Observance Societies in this country and in
foreign lands. A Platform of Principles has been adopted by the various societies
interested in holding this Congress. Eighteen Sabbath Associations in this coun-
try and twelve in Europe have already agreed to cooperate in carrying forward
this great enterprise. A number of the principal religious bodies of this country
have taken formal action in endorsement of this scheme. What hindrance may
arise from the present great war, we are not yet able to predict. But it is hoped
that by July, 1915, there may be no obstacle to the Congress from this cause.
Bulletins will be issued in good time describing further details of the Congress and
giving in full the program for its discussions. The interest and the prayers of this
Synod are asked for God's blessing on the Fourteenth International Congress on
the World's Rest Day.
We recommend: i. That Synod urge the pastors of all our churches to
emphasize the facts contained in this report in public addresses to their people.
2. That the Lord's Day following Easter be observed as Sabbath Sunday,
at which time offerings be taken for the Lord's Day and Sabbath Organizations
in vSympathy with us throughout our Synod.
3. We commend as worthy of hearty support from all our Churches the pro-
posed Scientific Research already begun, that it may prove a service of real value
to all who are interested in the inteUigent observance of the Lord's Day.
4. That Synod follow our General Assembly in its endorsement of the pro-
posed International Lord's Day Congress at San Francisco, in July, 19 15.
5. That all good men unite in petitions to Almighty God that during the
present dreadful war in Europe the religious observance of Sunday may not be
forgotten. We quote from the Executive Order of Abraham Lincoln, dated
Washington, Nov. 15, 1862: "The President, Commander-in-Chief of the Army
and Navy, desires and enjoins the orderly observance of the Sabbath by the
officers and men in the military and naval service. The importance for man and
beast of the prescribed weekly rest, the sacred rights of Christian soldiers and
sailors, a becoming deference to the best sentiment of a Christian people, and a due
regard for the Divine Will, demand that Sunday labor in the army and navy be
reduced to the measure of strict necessity. The discipline and character of the
National forces should not suffer, nor the cause they defend, be imperiled, by the
profanation of the day or name of the Most High."
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 3I
The Executive Commission presented its report which was accepted
and the consideration of its recommendations was made the order of
the day for Thursday mornins^.
The report of the Committee on the Board of Education was pre-
sented, accepted and its consideration was made the second order of
the day for Thursday morning.
Rev. John Fox, D.D., addressed the Synod in the interests of the
American Bible Society.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was observed in accordance
\\4th previous arrangement.
Recess was taken until 2 130 o'clock, p. m.
Wednesday, October 21, 2.30 o'clock, p. m.
After prayer, business was resumed.
Rev. Judson Swift, D.D., addressed the Synod in behalf of the
American Bible Society. The following action was taken:
The S3Tiod is pleased to recognize the efficient service the American Tract
Society is rendering by means of the printed page in diffusing a knowledge of our
Lord Jesus Christ as the Redeemer of sinners.
The Society's publications in one hundred and seventy-five languages and dia-
lects have given invaluable aid to the mission fields both at home and abroad.
We heartily commend the Society's endeavor to carry the Gospel Message on the
printed page to the 60,000,000 of our population who are not in attendance upon
either Church or mission service. It is our earnest prayer that the Society's work
may be greatly enlarged, and we share the conviction that the American Tract
Society should become the centre of a movement to provide the mission fields with
an abundant supply of Christian literature in all languages. To this end, we urge
our Pastors and Sessions to place the American Tract Society upon the list of their
annual benevolent offerings. We also appeal to our people to give to it both
liberally and regularly, and to remember it in their testamentary gifts.
The Rev. Frederick E. Stockwell addressed the Synod on the work
of the College Board.
A Conference on Religious Education was held. Rev. Ral h W.
Brokaw, D.D., Vice-Moderator, presiding.
Religious Education in the home and the other subjects presented
were discussed by various members of Synod.
An address was made by Rev. W. Ralph Hall, Secretary of Young
People's Work on the Organization of the Church for Religious
32 HYSOl) ()\' NKW VO/<K |Oci. 2I8t
k(!V. CharlcB S. Lane, I).!)., of the Harlfonl School of RcliKifjus
PwlaKo^y then spoke of Men and Women for the ICducatirmal Work
of the Church, and Rev. William If. Stubblebine, Ph.D., on the
Status of Sunday School Work within the Bounds of the Syno^l of
The ij)mm\iU-A! on Finance j;rcs«-nU^l the follovvinj^ rcj^ort. which
was iu\(f\)U'A :
Your (lommxiicM has aprliU^I the Treasurer's bcxjks and acc<iunts, cx^mpani'l
the voueherH with the charges and find the same w>rrcct exfxi>t that there i« no
voucher from the treasurer Un a cMar^a of five dollars for his own postage and
The Committee nx;ommenf]ed the apjjroval of the char/i: for
which vouchers are presented.
The bank fjook and letter frf>m th(! First National Bank of Albany
shows an aj^j^arent (excess of 66 cents. The Treasurer's bank book,
special account, shrnild be balancerl at the bank.
The following is the Treasurer's rejxjrt for tlie year ending/ October
Balanfx- on hand Oct<;ber 20, 1913 , . $2,352,73
I'rom FresliyUjry due October i, /913 $101.74
From Presbyteries due Oct<;ber i, 19 14 904.29 i,o«/i.o3
Inten^t , , , 68,20
'I'emporary ("lerks, Synod of 1913 $ /\<t.(X)
Sw.ond Church and janitor , . , I20.(x>
Printing rejiorts of Special Ornimittces 62,25
Printing .Minutes and i>ostage 1 88. 14
Pond Treasurer, Synodical Missif^rtis 2o.fx>
Printing report Program C'ommittee, . . (O.18
I'ostage and stationery Statwl Clerk '5-3.S
Salary, Permanent Clerk 1 5o.fK)
Salary, State<l Clerk , 4(X).fXJ
Manhattan Storage Com.pany , 8.83
lixpenses of Treasurer 1 8,2 1
P.-il.-iii' (• oil hand October I, 1914 ... $2,38.';,00
Oik- from three Pr<;,byterjes. . % 107.31
A.D. 1914] SVN'tJlJ OP NKW YORK 33
Your Commitlcc would recommend:
1. That the usual appropriation of $100 to the church and $20 to the janitor
of the church in which thLs session of Synfxl is beinjj held, be made.
2. That the assessment for the current fiscal year be at the rate of five mills
3. That for the jjuiflance of future Finance O^inmittces, the amounts of
assessments on presbyteries be j^rinted in the Appendix to the Minutes.
4. That the Treasurer's Ixx^k and bank \j(j<}k of his special account be referred
to the Executive Commission with instruc-tif^s to have the bank Uxjk written up
and properly balance] at the bank and if the same be found cf^rrect, to aj^prove the
treasurer's b^xjks for this current year.
5. The presbyteries which have not paid their assessments are rejjortwl l^y the
Trea.surer as Genesee SiH.Go, PorU) Rico $13.73, Rochester $77.7^.
The report of the Trustees of Synod was read by the Stated Clerk
and accei^ted and is as follows :
Your Board of Trustees would respectfully submit the folio win;( rejjort for the
year ending Sept. 30th, 1914: '
The prc-sent officers are as follows: Rev. A. H. Evans, IJ.IJ., president; John
T. D. Blackburn, secretary'; Edwin T. Hanford, treasurer.
One meeting has been held.
The funds in the hands of the Trustees have tvA increascl or diminished,
except as to income and expenditure during the past year.
The Uital investments are $2>5,394.32
Balance on hand ; '5'-^i
Rosebloom Ic-gacy for the Cherry Valley Church 5,fX>o.oo
The mcf/mc from the invested funds am<^ninting to $i,2()f).f)(), has been paid
over, as before, to the Treasurer of Syn^^xlical Missions.
The tr.>tal expertses of the Trustees for the past year were $70.85. This in-
cluded $y).of) for premium on the Treasurer's B^^nd.
The terms of the following members expire with this meeting of Synod:
Rev. A. H. Evans, D.D., Rev. Arthur C. McMillan, Edwin T. Hanford, Sanford R.
The following report of the Wf^man's Synrxlical Sod<'i •.' of Home
MissiorLs was read by the Stated Clerk.
The r(i\)()rX was accex^terl and the Syn^xi expressed its aijjyreciation
of the faithful and efficient work of the Society, ■
Again it Is our privilege and pleasure to present to you our Annual Report, the
thirty-second in the hist//ry of the W^/man's Syno^lical S^xiety.
While the numl^er of our Presbyterial S^x.-ieties remains the same as that of
1913, twenty-five organizatifyns, the Women's S^xieties have a/i'k-d three \/> thc-ir
numbers, making now 643, and have increase^! tVu-ir rri<-Tfi»,(->-sf,!!, 1/v ^143 to
34 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2ISt
The Young Women's Societies, by the addition of four new ones since 1913,
have risen to 100 and an extra Westminster Guild makes at the present time 30
Westminster Guild Chapters
What's in a name? Much, if it be a good name and lived up to its possibilities.
Bands and Cradle Roll Tens have been merged into Light Bearers and Little Light
Bearers. Of the former there are 107, of the latter 106. If these all, little and
big children, Light Bearers begin to shine, surely we may confidently hope that,
as they advance in years, they will become dispensers of not only small lights but
of those of many candle power.
There are 403 Young People or Young People's vSocieties of Christian Endeavor,
a trifling gain over a year ago.
5,118 copies of the Home Mission Monthly and 2,519 of Over Sea and Land
are taken throughout our Synodical Societ3\ These magazines are indispensable
in creating missionary interest. If occupying, with other missionary publications,
conspicuous places in homes, they will of ttimes suggest the importance of mission-
ary information. In connection with this thought is the gratifying fact that
Study Classes have grown from 106 to 162.
The list of Mission Study Books, Missionary Books and Leaflets is remarkable.
They are fairly bristling with just that information which all to-day should be
seeking. The more one knows of needs, the more surely will kindly loving hearts
be moved to m.eet them and, to add to the singing of "God Bless our Native Land,"
abundant services, which shall tend to its more speedy evangelization.
The most discouraging thing encountered is the sliding downward scale of
Contributing Sabbath Schools. In 19 12 we reported 281 giving through our
Society. In 1913 the number dropped to 169, when we doubtless lost some through
the organization of the New England Synod. This year there are only 148 con-
tributing Sabbath Schools, a less number than in 19 13 and only a little more than
half of those reported in 19 12. This question is a vital one and the Woman's
Synodical Society is only a factor in its consideration. It should appeal to every
minister, elder and superintendent in the Synod of New York.
More young people are met in our Sabbath Schools than in any other church
organization. Last year $7,005.46 were received from the Sabbath Schools, but
we have nearly 1000 churches in our Synod. The amount given to Home Missions
by 148 Sabbath Schools only averages $7 for each School in our Synod, presuming
that every Church has a Sabbath School. If all could be induced to give even a
small sum, what an increased revenue would the cause of Home Missions receive.
Our General Assembly, besides others, has authorized three offerings a year by
Sabbath Schools, two for Home Missions and one for the Frecdmen.
Fine programs and envelopes are at the disposal, gratuitously, of ever>' School.
May we appeal for increased watchfulness on behalf of these precious opportimi-
ties for the instruction of and cooperation with the Sabbath Schools?
Our total receipts from all branches of our organizations have been $79,326.93.
In the sum are included appropriations of $14,521.32 to Frecdmen and donations
to the Emergency Fund and to Foreigners.
Anticipating the time when the minimum salary of the Home Missionary shall
be $1,000.00, boxes to such have probal)ly(liminished in numljcr at the request of
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 35
our Woman's Board of Home Missions. However, our Schools, teachers and
individuals have been the beneficiaries of barrels and packages, the solid, sub-
stantial expressions of the love and interest of the donors.
The money value cannot be reported of the things sent but who can estimate
in dollars and cents the pervasive power of affection and sympathy?
As a Synodical Society we thank your Venerable Body for your courteous and
appreciative acceptance of our previous reports.
In rendering this our thirty-second record of a year's work for the Master,
w-e do it with regret that the harvest has not been greater but with sincere gratitude
to God that, through Him, we have done what we have, for His glory and the
extension of His Kingdom in the Home Land.
After prayer, Synod adjourned until tomorrow mornin<^ at nine
Wednesday, October 21, 1914, 7.30 o'clock, p. m.
A poi)iilar meeting was held in the interests of Religious Education.
Rev. Frank B. Cowan, presiding.
Addresses were made by Rev. A. Cameron MacKenzie, D.D.,
President of Elmira College and the Rev. George B. Stewart, D.D.,
President of Auburn Theological Seminary.
Thursday, October 22, 9 o'clock, a. m.
Synod convened and spent half an hour in devotional exercises.
Prayer was offered by the Moderator.
The Minutes of previous sessions were read and approved.
The report of the Executive Commission was taken up and con-
sidered. After some consideration the report was referred to the
new Committee on Religious Education for special investigation, to
report thereon, next year.
The Moderator was requested to extend the greetings of vSynod to
the Woman's Synodical Society on Home Missions, now in session.
The Committee on the Board of Education presented its report
which was accepted and the following recommendations were ap-
proved. The substance of the report is as follows:
We do not hesitate to say that the outstanding weakness of our denomination
is the failure in the output of Christian ministers, missionaries, evangeHsts and
teachers. We do not here attempt to discover the causes of this weakness. They
are many and varied. They go back to the Christian home, where parents are
failing to offer promising sons upon the altar of Christian service. They rest with
the pastor who fails to be a recruiting oflficer for the ministry. They are to be
found with the Church at large which is failing to press the claims and exalt the
opportunities of this highest and divinest service.
36 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
The Presbyterian Church last year gained only 109 ministers. There were
170 new churches organized. There were 2017 vacant churches. These figures
represent a serious situation. They mean that there are 109 ministers available
to supply 21 17 new churches and vacant churches of our denomination. True,
many of these churches cannot support a pastor, but hundreds of them could be so
grouped as to provide regular preaching — if the men were available. The Com-
mittee on Vacancy and Supply of our Church declares that there is pressing need
at the present time for 600 men, and the need is growing larger each year. The
Church is suffering from lack of men to occupy the newer fields. Some Presby-
teries, unable to find men fully equipped are ordaining and placing in the pastorate
men who have not the requisite preparation, and in consequence the educational
standards of our Church are being lowered.
The situation demands the serious and prayerful consideration of every lover
of the Church. The Church must take up and send out the call persistently and
repeatedly for young men of faith and vision and consecration to come up to the
help of the Lord in this day of opportunity and need.
Moreover, the Church must more adequately finance and sustain the Board of
Education, its recruiting agency.
This is no time for pessimism, but the Church must face the facts. Last
year was a record year for the Board in point of service to the Church, though the
Church fell $14,000 short of the $100,000 budget recommended by the Executive
Commission for the use of the Board. A great body of Christian youth looking
to direct service in the Church have been assisted.
Eight hundred and twenty-five candidates for the ministry were aided during
the year, an increase of 3 1 over the preceding year.
In addition to this, following the instruction of the General Assembly, the
Board assisted 18 students in Medical Schools who are preparing for service on
the foreign field.
Also, in compliance with the direction of the Assembly, 17 students, in vSchools
for the Training of Lay Workers, were granted aid.
Particular attention is given by the Board to the need of the Church for
ministers to people of foreign speech. Grants of $2000 each were made to the
Seminaries at Bloomfield and Dubuque, to provide adequate instruction for foreign
speaking candidates for the ministry.
The Plah of College Visitation was prosecuted more extensively than ever
before, in cooperation with the Evangelistic Committee. Under the direction of
the Board 42 visitors spent an aggregate of eight months in evangelistic and
vocational work in 47 institutions. As a result there were 500 conversions among
the students, and the spiritual life of the student body in many institutions was
Nearly 600 churches observed Vocation Day, with most gratifying results.
One of the greatest and most important fields of service to which the Board
of Education is commissioned is that of State University Work. Briefly summed
up, this is pastoral supervision, personal evangelism, counsel in choice of vocation,
Christian education, with training and practice in Christian service to the students
in State Universities and Colleges. There are 87 state Universities and State
A.D. IQI4] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 37
Colleges in the United vStates. Presbyterian Studeiit Pastors are now employed
in fourteen of these, and the Board is cooperating with local churches in thirteen
other university centers. That this service of the Church is fniitful is shovrn from
the records of the past year, during w-hich, in twenty universities, 796 students
united with Presbyterian churches, 3459 were regular members in church Bible
classes and 124 decided for the Christian ministry or the missionary life.
That there is critical need for religious work on the part of the Church in such
institutions is startlingly emphasized by the results of a comprehensive survey of
the religious conditions in 50 State Universities, conducted by the Board last year.
Of the 50 institutions 16 have no chapel exercises, 13 conduct chapel only once a
week, and 21 from two to five times a week. Forty-seven of these institutions
have a total faculty membership of 7,545, of whom 3472, or nearly half, are not
members of any church. One president reported that fifty years ago all the leading
members of the faculty were clergymen and it was expected that every faculty
member should belong to some church. Chapel prayers, the study of the Bible
and Christian evidences were required. To-day there is no chapel exercise, and
no religious instruction whatever is provided. Out of a faculty of 250 only 95
are members of local churches or congregations. Surely the Church must take a
hand in caring for the religious interests of the students in such institutions, if
they are not to be lost to the Church and to the Christian faith itself.
As is generally known, the Board of Education last year entered into an
agreement with our Synod — the First Church of Ithaca being a cooperating party
to the agreement — for the employment of a Presbyterian Student Pastor at Cornell
University. This agreement is in the form of a legally drawn contract, with
definite terms and pledges binding both the Board and the Synod. The contract
was negotiated for Synod by the Special Committee on Students in Non-Presby-
terian institutions. Your Committee on the Board of Education, while in hearty
accord with the provisions of this contract and ready to cooperate in carrying
them to fulfillment, is not responsible for the success or failure to meet the terms
therein laid down.
It is matter for congratulation that by this agreement a Student Pastor has
been secured for Cornell, and has been on the field and doing efficient work during
the past year.
The careful attention of Synod should be directed to the Fifth provision of the
contract between the Board and the Synod, according to which the Synod has
agreed to provide special funds for this work at Cornell, and to assist the Board in
raising an endowment for this purpose. From the reports of contributions it
would appear that Synod has not increased its financial support of the Board as
this special enterprise demands.
This Synod contributed to the Board of Education last year $10,439.75.
In view of the added tasks and the increasing responsibilities placed upon the
Board of Education, and in view of the foundational character of its work in
recruiting and training candidates for the ministry, and in view of the special
enterprise of providing a Student Pastor at Cornell, we earnestly urge upon all our
churches that they give larger place in their thought and prayers and financial
support to this Board.
38 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
Financially, the Board is pressed. It closed the last year with a deficit of
$14,000. The Church fell short of the $100,000 budget. This year the Executive
Commission has placed the budget at $12,500. The Board urgently needs this
amount. Surely every pastor can at least give his people an opportunity to con-
tribute to this important cause. In the language of the Board: "If the 1500
pastors who received aid from this Board, and who did not take offerings for this
cause which helped to put them into the ministry, would remember their sacred
obligations, we would not be embarrassed even during this critical year."
Your Committee recommends:
First. That All churches of the Synodbeurgedtoobserve Vocation Day, and
that so far as feasible the programs which the Board furnishes free, be used.
Second. That Synod cooperate with the Board in raising a special endowment
fund for Student Work at Cornell. The officers of the Board inform your com-
mittee that they are ready and anxious to come into the Synod for this purpose.
Third, That, in view of the somewhat anomalous situation that the two
committees of Synod, the Committee on the Board of Education and the special
Committee on Students in Non-Presbyterian Institutions, have practically the
same work entrusted to them, resulting in more or less confusion to the Board, to
the churches, and to the Committee themselves. Synod at this meeting consider
the advisability of either dispensing with one or other of the Committees; or the
consolidation of the two Committees; or the formulation of some plan for their
cooperation, division of labor and determination of the separate function of each.
This Committee feel that some such action would result in the better furtherance
of the interests of this special cause.
In connection with the third recommendation of the report, the
following action was taken:
That the Special Committee on Students in non-Presbyterian Institutions be
dispensed with and that the work be intrusted to the Committee on Education.
The Committee on Bills and Overtures reported as follows and its
recommendations were adopted :
1. A memorial from the National Reform Association asking the Synod to
overture the Congress of the United States to amend the federal Constitution as
Article XVIII. Section i. Polygamy and polygamous cohabitation shall not
exist within the United States or any place subject to its jurisdiction.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
It is recommended that this Overture be adopted.
2. As to the following Overture from the Hon. William S. Bennett of New
Whereas, the increasing restlessness of our Church people under the sur-
rendering of their inherited colleges to the necessity of material considerations and
the consequent and inevitable elimination of the Christian atmosphere and
influence, requires prompt and efficient recognition by the Chin-cli;
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 39
And whereas, Lafayette is the only college of first class standing remaining by
Charter under the control of the Presbyterian Church, east of Ohio and north of
the Potomac River, and always has contributed and is now contributing largely
from its student body to our ininistry and mission fields, educating tlieni free of
And whereas a situation (almost a crisis) has arisen in this Presbyterian College
that requires ample donations from loyal Preslij^tcrians or the loss of the College
to the Church;
We recommend the following action, that we the Synod of New York, convened
in Middletown, N. Y., October2ist, 19 14, do commend the Endowment Fund for
the increase of Professors' salaries (with later a pension) inaugurated by Mr. Robert
F. Whitmer of Philadelphia, and later adopted by the General Alumni Association,
and do request the cordial support of our Ministers, and so commend it to the session
of our Churches for pul)lic presentation, and earnestly call upon our Presbyterian
people, especially those whom God has blessed with abundant means, to contribute
to this fund, that this link in our early chain of Colleges yet remaining under
Presbyterian control may be retained, and have the sympathy, support and
generous giving of our people.
3. As to an Overture from Rev. Henry M. Dodd relative to the Temperance
question it is recommended that it be referred to the Committee on Temperance.
4. As to the plan proposed by the Committee en Synodical Missions en-
titled "Plan for the adjustment of salaries on the basis of $1000 a year and
for the merging of two or more evangelical churches in over churched districts,"
being referred to the Committee on Bills and Overtures. We recommend its
The Committee to Nominate the Trustees of Synod reported,
recommending the re-election of the followinj:^; persons as Trustees
for the term expiring in 191 7. Rev. Anthony H. Evans. D.D., Rev.
Arthtir C. McMillan, and Elders Edwin T. Hanford and Sanford R.
Knapjj. The report was accepted and they were duly elected by
The Committee on the Presbyterian Brotherhood offered its
report which was accepted and after an address by Rev. Jonathan C.
Day. D.D., its former action was reaffirmed:
The past year has witnessed increasing activity and effectiveness among the
men of our churches. Especially was the call to make the Every Member Canvass
a success cheerfiiUy answered. Many churches for this reason have gone forward
in their giving to self-support and missionary causes, instead of backward as tjie
financial stringencies might lead us to expect. Most praiseworthy is the campaign
of New York Presbytery to locate strangers coming to the city, bring them into
friendly contact with their nearest church, and urge them to present their church
letters. In many churches the men's monthly social gatherings, as a Brotherhood
or some similar organization, (the name making no difference), has been the means
of inducing many new men to ally themselves with church effort.
40 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
Our General Assembly has released the regular secretaries who have led this
work, and have thrown its definite leadership tack on the Synodical and Pres-
byterial Committees. As these committees are active in bringing the men of a
presbytery together for Presbjiierian Extension or Civic Improvement, so shall
the real object of the Brotherhood be continued.
However the big burden of interesting and utilizing to the ver}^ greatest extent
the men of the parish, depends upon the minister. He must be' more the minister
of men. He must seek the mountain top even as his master, and pray for men,
and then go forth to the fields, the factories, the offices, the great world-highways,
and "apprehend" them as Christ did Paul. He must make these men feel he
and the church want them, themselves, even more than their money. Then when
these men are called together at the Brotherhood meeting, there must be present
the spirit of the Big Brother. Cordiality must clinch them to the church life and
work. They must feel behind everything the spirit of Christ and the purijose of
Your Committee would therefore reaffirm:
First — The importance of the appointment of a strong Brotherhood Commit-
tee in every presbytery for the organizing and pushing of m.en's work in our
Second — The arrangement for popular meetings at presbytery gatherings
for the discussion of this work.
Third — The publishing in our religious periodicals and forwarding to the
Chairman of this Committee of individual church methods for organizing or using
in anyway the hitherto unused men of our churches.
In connection with this subject the following action was taken:
Resolved, That the Synod recommend that the special feature of work of the
Brotherhood of the Presbyterian Churches in this Synod be that of unemployment
in its various features, including securing work, teaching English to those seeking
work who cannot speak our tongue and teaching Bible classes among those seeking
employment who can be gathered for such purposes.
As the reports of the officers of Synodical Home Missions were
presented in printed form they were accepted without being read in
detail and their substance is as follows :
Report of Treasurer:
Within the bounds of the Synod of New York according to the Assembly
Minutes of 1914, not including the Foreign Presbyteries, there are 842 churches.
Five hundred and twenty-seven of these are in the Presbyteries which have
adbpted the Synod's plan for its Mission Work.
During the year the names of 373 of these churches have been entered upon
the Treasurer's books as contributors to Synodical Home Missions. These gifts
have been supplemented by these of the allied Presbyteries and a few miscel-
laneous gifts. The Presbyteries of Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Hudson,
Rochester, Syracuse and Westchester have aided by their gifts.
A.D., 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 41
From the Reserve Fund ;it ilifferent linies an ainount eciualliiiK $2,219.60 has
been withdrawn and credited to the General Fund to meet deficiencies in the pay-
ment of missionary salaries and other expenses.
A statement of contributions received from Churches, Presl)yteries antl
individuals is herewith presented :
Total contributions for the year ending October I, 1914 . S24,I55 29
Interest on deposits 41 14
From Reserve Fund 2,219 60
Total $26,416 03
Commissions paid from October i, 1913, to October i,
1914 $16,711 04
Salar>^ of S\Tiodical Superintendent 2,950 00
Expenses of Synodical Superintendent 547 87
Salary of Rev. A. J. Dean 500 00
Expenses of Rev. A. J. Dean 16 25
Salarj- of Secretary of Foreign Tongued Peoples' Work . . i , 135 00
Expenses of vSecretary of Foreign Tongued Peoples' Work 92 1 2
Salary- of Secretary of Adirondack Mission Work 1,175 00
Expenses of Secretary of Adirondack Mission Work .... 188 26
Salary' of General Secretary' and Treasurer and office
expenses 9^9 32
New York office expenses and stenographer 527 60
Expenses of Permanent and Executive Committees 263 81
Salar\' and expenses of Adirondack Missionary Workers. 661 36
Balance due Palmer Legacy 1913 31 1 98
Balance due Adirondack Missioh Work 1913 34 1 5
Total $26,083 76
Balance *$332 27
♦Palmer Legacy $327 86
General Fund 441
The Committee on Synodical Missions offered its report. Special
departments of the work were reported and accepted as follows:
The Committee has placed upon the Synodical Superintendent the admin-
istrative responsibility of all the departments of our work throughout the Sj-nod.
He is expected to report upon the general condition, with any items of special
interest, together with his plans for the future, at each quarterly meeting of the
Committee, and this he has done regularly.
42 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
Your Committee, having been instructed by the Synod of 1912, to take
in charge the matter of mission work among the colored people of the State,
would refer you to the action of one year ago, when on the advice of the Board
of Missions for Freedmen, action with regard to this work was held in abeyance
pending certain action of the Assembly, which might give to the Board of Missions
for Freedmen charge of all such work in the North as well as in the South. The
joint request of the Board of Home Missions and the Board of Missions for
Freedmen presented to the Assembly of 1914, and asking for such an arrangement,
was referred to the Executive Commission, to be reported upon at the Assembly
of 1915. In view of this action, we would recommend that the work among the
colored people of this State remain in statu quo.
In the matter of the Evangelistic work your Committee would report that,
while no definite Evangelistic movement has been undertaken, yet in all of the
departments of the work the Evangelistic note has been emphatically sounded.
It should be said that none of our Secretaries are giving their whole time or
even a large portion of it to administrative work, but all of them are participating
actively in the department which they represent. Indeed this is their main work,
the administration being rather incidental.
Work Among People of Foreign Speech
With regard to this work, your Committee would report that the vSecre-
tary in charge of Work among People of Foreign Speech has conscientiously
and faithfully devoted his time to encouraging the established work, and coun-
seling with churches in communities where colonies of foreign speaking people
reside, with the aim to inspire the workers in the missions and the local churches
to a more definite and vigorous effort to bring the influence of the gospel to bear
upon the strangers in our midst.
In harmony with the Plan of Co-operation, entered into between the Board
of Home Missions and this Committee, certain salaries of men now at work
in the Synod have been assumed by the Board of Home Missions, the
administrative responsibility remaining in each case with the Presbytery in charge
of the work, through Synod's Committee.
Mr. Allen has proposed and successfully carried through a Plan of Pioneer
Colportage-Evangelistic Work which has large possibilities for the future. The
Plan in part is as follows:
Aim: i. To develop larger interest on the part of local churches in the
evangelization of these people.
2. To bring the Gospel to the individuals among them.
3. To establish , where feasible, permanent missions.
A goodly amount of work has been done in the lumber camps of the Adiron-
dacks, seven ministers and laymen being engaged in this work which seems
encouraging in results. Again the work of Church Extension has been organized
with a secretary to go into vacant churches, remain with them for a period of
such length of time as the case seemed to justify, seek to organize the spiritual
and financial forces of the church, and prepare it for the more satisfactory settle-
ment of a pastor, all to be done with the co-operation of the Presbyteries.
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 43
In connection \vilh this re]Kirt addresses were made on \'arious
phases of the work which is in their charge.
The resohitions of the Committee were made the first order of the
Recess was taken until 2 p. m.
Thursday, October 22, 2 o'clock, p. m.
Synod reassembled and the resolutions pro]30se(l In' the Committee
on S\-nodical Missions were taken up.
The plan for the adjustment of salaries on the basis of $1000 per
}'ear and for the merging of two or more Evangelical Churches in over
churched districts was taken up and approved as follows :
That the congregations may come better to imderstand the need of such salary
adjustments, a campaign of agitation and education be authorized by the Synod
and a Committee appointed to have such campaign in charge. Pastors will
naturally be unable to take the leadership in this matter in their own churches.
Therefore, we urge the coooperation of the ministers and elders of the Presby-
teries and express the belief that this movement is of such prime importance as
to be made the feature of the Synodical Year.
That the Presbyteries be advised not to settle pastors or stated supplies
upon a salary provision of less than $1000.00 per year or its equivalent, $900.00
and the free use of manse.
That the Synod urge upon the Presbyteries to consider the feasibility of
centralizing the parish work, that is, instead of a minister being asked to serve
two or more isolated congregations, let there be one central organization with
one or more out stations, at which he will be expected to preach, but all members
are to be received into the central church, which will draw its officers from the
entire parish, thus creating a unity of purpose and of service throughout the
community, providing a stronger body of officers for the church and making it
possible to carr>' the spirit of the stronger center out into the weaker circum-
That the Synod recommends to Presbyteries that grants of aid be made on
the basis of $1,000.00 per year, but that the congregations will be expected
to cooperate with the Synod and Presbyteries in reaching this measure of support
as quickly as possible. It is the judgment of your Committee that most of the
congregations can, by means of a thorough -going every-member canvass, raise at
least half the necessary increase. Some of them can raise the entire amount
necessary, but the Presbyteries should carefully examine the ability of the church
and such men of the Presbyteries as have had substantial success in the matter
of the every-member-canvass should hold themselves in readiness to assist the
congregations to make such canvass. The grants in general should be made
on condition that the congregations raise a certain amount, and that the payments
will be made only after the church has reported that it has paid its proportion
for the period.
44 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
The Synod recommends further that the Presbyteries require of stations
asking aid that they show evidence that they have made a careful and com-
plete canvass, and on the basis of this canvass, not upon the amount that the
station has received in the past j'ear, the grant for the coming year shall be made.
Whereas, The duplication of Evangelical Churches in small communities
is an unwarranted employment of sacred funds and works to the spiritual detri-
ment of the community, and
Whereas, Evangelical denominations have generally manifested their desire
to reduce or eliminate such wastefulness and inefficiency, therefore, be it
Resolved, First : That the Synod of New York express its disapproval of the
appropriation of Home Mission Funds in the support of a church in any com-
munity of five hundred or fewer persons where there exists another Church of an
evangelical body, recognized by the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in
America, better fitted to minister to the spiritual needs of the community, except
in the case of missions among foreign speaking or other exceptional groups of
Second. That the Presbyteries be urged to adopt Resolution i as their rule
or procedure in planning their home mission work; that they negotiate with the
proper agencies representing other evangelical bodies with a view to the general
adoption of this rule; that not only in the establishment of new work this iiile
be observed, but that it be applied as soon as possible to the support of churches
Third. That the Synodical Committee be autliorized at its discretion to
withhold appropriations where aid is requested in violation of this rule.
Fourth. That while this action embodies a policy commended to all con-
gregations in the Synod, it is to be construed as mandatory- only upon home
mission agencies and not as limiting the constitutional rights of each church and
community to conduct its now work in duplication of other evangelical work, if
it shall be desired, provided that in so doing it shall not employ home mission
funds contributed to Presbyterial and Synodical Treasuries.
Fifth. That all Presb\4erial Agencies, within the Synod be urged to adopt
the policy of doing thoroughly and well their home mission work, providing such
equipment and support as shall insure efficient conduct and that new work be
imdcrtaken only when there is reasonable hope of such efficient conduct.
1 . It is resolved. That the report of the Treasurer of Synod's Committee on
Home Missions having been audited and found correct, the same is hereby ap-
2. That for the year 1914-15 Synod approves of the Budget of the Permanent
Committee on Synodical Home Missions which shows a need for funds to be
disbursed through the Committees Treasury as follows, viz.:
Assisting to defray Pastor's vSalary in the weaker churches $20,000 00
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Salaries of Workers and Necessary Expenses for the Following Detart-
MENTs of Work:
S%Tiodical SuperintciK-lcnt $4,000 00
Adirondack Mission Work 3.500 00
Church Extension Work i ,800 00
Work Among People of Foreign Speech i ,500 00
General Secretary' and Treasurer 1 ,200 00
Executive Committee 400 00
Printing Reports, Stationer}', etc 400 00
Office Expenses 500 00
Emergency Fund 2,000 00
3. That the apportionment of expenses for maintaining S>Tiod's work through
its Pennancnt Committee on Synodical Home Missions, as contained in the report
of the Special Committee on Ways and Means, be and hereby is approved.
4. That SjTiod hereby directs the Pennanent Committee on Synodical Home
Missions to secure from each aid-receiving church statistics of a character designed
to indicate the progress or otherwise of the work committeed to its charge, form
lOl being hereby approved for this purpose.
5. That this report of Sj'nod's Committee be printed in full in the minutes of
Synod, with a definite statement as to the action taken on each recommendation.
In this connection it was Resolved, that the Committee on Synodical Home
Missions be empowered to confer with the Assembly's Board of Home Missions
and if the way be clear to arrange for the establishment of direct financial relations
in conformance with the plan adopted Iw the Assembly of 19 14 which provides
for self administration by Synods and Presb\'teries in Home Mission Work.
The report as a whole was then adopted.
The following minute was adopted :
Where.\?, the Churches of our countrj^ of the Common Evangelical faith have
almost unanimously adopted both b}' the resolutions of their Church Courts and
by their efficient efforts which have wedded these resolutions to most gratifying
results the "Ever\^ Member plan" of giving for the support of the Congregational
and Missionary' activities of the Churches. Therefore be it resolved:
That this Synod urges the adoption of this plan by all the churches under our
care and recommends that in promoting the adoption of the plan, the first place
be given to the Education of the members and supporters of our Churches in the
spiritual truths and scriptural principles of stewardship.
2. That subscribers be encouraged to designate how they desire their gifts
to be distributed and to this end that they be made intelligent by pastors and
church officers concerning the present relative needs of the several agencies of the
3. That the ever>' member canvass be repeatefl regularly each year after due
46 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 22(1
4. That Synod organize a Presbyterial United Movement Committee to
unify and promote this plan of giving in every Presbytery and Church in this
The Committee to nominate the Permanent Committees of the
Synod presented its report which was approved and the names were
ordered printed in the Appendix to the Minutes.
The Committee to Collate the Reports of the Committees on the
Records of the Presbyteries reported, recommending that the records
of the following presbyteries be approved: Albany, Binghamton,
Buffalo, Cayuga, Champlain, Chemung, Columbia, Genesee, Geneva,
Hudson, Long Island, Nassau, New York, Niagara, North River,
Porto Rico, St. Lawrence, Steuben, Syracuse, Troy, Utica and West-
The Records of the Presbytery of Lyons are recommended for
approval with the following exceptions:
1. No record of absentees is made.
2. A church was transferred from this Presbytery to that of Cayuga without
The Records of the Presbyteries of Brooklyn, Chile, Eastern
Persia, North Laos, Otsego, Rochester, Siam were not presented.
The report of the Committee was approved.
The report of the Nominating Committee of the Woman's Synodi-
cal Committee on Home Missions was presented, accepted and
ordered printed in the Appendix to the Minutes.
The Treasurer was authorized to pay the usual bills and salaries.
It was ordered that the Committee of Arrangements for the Next
Meeting of Synod be requested to give a representative of the Assem-
bly's Committee on Temperance a place on the program.
The following Committee was appointed to draft a resolution
cx]jressive of the attitude of the Synod toward the Temperance
Movement and to report at this meeting of Synod: Rev. Messrs.
George B. Swinnerton, Theodore F. Jessup and Elder William S.
The Committee presented the following resolution which was
Resolved, That this Synod emphatically reaffirms its historic advocacy of the
cause of temperance, that while expressly recognizing the complete separation of
church and state, we recommend as a religious principle, the tloctrine of total
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
ahstinence, as contained in the Hobson-vShepard Constitutional Amendment now
pending in the Congress of the United States and that we further declare our
practical sympathy with even,- reasonable and legitimate effort to bring to an end
as speedily as possible the evil effects of the liquor traffic.
A Conference on the Presbyterian United Movement was held,
presided over by David McConaughy, representative of the Joint
An address was given by Rev. J. Bcvcridge Lcc, D.D., on the
Work of the Board of Education.
In connection with the contract entered into last >-ear with the
Board of Education and the First Presb>-terian Church of Ithaca,
relative to the emplo}-mcnt of Rev. Herbert S. Aloore to work among
the students at Cornell Universit>-. the Stated Clerk was authorized
to secure a co])>- of the contract and i^ublish it in the Minutes of
The Contract is as follows :
This Agreement made the fifteenth day of May, 1913, between the Board of
Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United vStates of America, a corpora-
tion duly incorporated under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, of the first
part, the Synod of New York of the second part, and the First Presb>i;erian Church
of Ithaca in the State of New York, of the third part, Witnesseth :
Whereas, The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United
States of America has, by repeated utterances, approv^ed the general work of
providing religious training for Presbyterian students at State Universities and
educational institutions, and has designated the Board of Education as the proper
agency of the Assembly to carry on such work.
And Whereas, The General Assembly #)f the Presbyterian Church in the
United States of America did, at its session held in Louisville, Kentucky, in May,
19 1 2, adopt the following with reference to the University Student Pastor Work as
carried on by its Board of Education, to wit:
"That the progress of the Board in supplying the religious needs of Presby-
terian students at State Universities be most heartily commended, and the new
policy be approved of assuming the entire support of certain university pastors
in these Synods whose Presbyteries oo-ojjerate with Synod's Committee in increas-
ing the apportionments to education, based upon the contribution of the Board
to this work in Such Synods."
And Whereas, The Syiiod of New York, for the purpose of carr>'ing on Uni-
versity Student Pastor Work at Cornell University, located in Ithaca, New York,
is desirous of having the said Board of Education to co-operate with it in the
institution of University Student Pastor Work for the students a^ Cornell Univer-
sity in connection with the said First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca, New York,
and has offered and agreed to enter into contractual relations with the said Board
of Education and with the First Presbj-terian Church of Ithaca relative to said
48 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2(1
And Whereas, it is advisable and necessary that in connection with said work,
there should be acquired as soon as practicable residential headquarters for the
University Student Pastor or Pastors, and the creation of an endowment fund
sufficient in amount to properly carry on said work and insure the perpetuity
And Whereas, It is deemed advisable that the custody of the endowment
fimd should be invested in the said Board of Education of the Presbj'terian
Church, party of the first part, the recognized agent of the General Assembly in
charge of said work, and the Synod of New York has, through its Synodical
Committee, requested the said Board of Education to assume the custody and
management of said fund, in which request the First Church of Ithaca joins:
Now Therefore this Agreement Witnesseth, That the parties hereto,
in consideration of the premises and of the mutual covenants, promises and agree-
ments to be performed by them respectively, their respective heirs, successors and
assigns, do hereby covenant, promise and agree to and with each other as follows,
First. The Synod of New York shall, through its Religious Agency, employ
and place in charge of said work at Cornell University, acting in such employment
in connection with Session of the First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca, New York,
a University Student Pastor, or Pastors, and shall co-operate with the Board of
Education in any campaign which may hereafter be instituted for the raising or
obtaining an endowment fund, and in any steps which may be taken to acquire
and purchase or build the residential headquarters above referred to.
Second. The title of all real-estate purchased, held or acquired for residential
headquarters at Ithaca, New York, shall when and as soon as acquired be vested in
the Board of Education, its successors and assigns, in trust as hereinafter set forth,
and all moneys raised in connection with said enterprise and all contributions made
shall be received and held by said Board of Education intrust as also hereinafter
Third. The Board of Education agrees that it will, in accordance with the
terms of employment from time to time, pay to the University Student Pastor,
or Pastors, salary which shall be mutually agreed upon by the Board of Education,
First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca, New York, and Synod of New York, acting
through its said Committee. Such payments to be deducted from and charged
to the income of any endowment fund which may hereafter be raised in connection
with said work, as hereinbefore provided, so far as such interest may cover the
payments, the Board hereby agreeing to be responsible for any and all salaries in
excess of such interest or income.
Fourth. The First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca, New York, agrees that it
will, in co-operation with the said Board of Education and the Synod of New York,
offer all proper accommodation and support to the work proposed to be carried on
at Cornell University and will arrange as follows for the students in attendance at
I. Encourage the attendance of students at all public services; make no dis-
crimination against them in the sittings, and charge them no pew n-nts.
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
2. Provide, so far as may be necessary, meeting places for student gatherings
such as Bible Classes and the like, the character of such meetings being subject to
the approval of the Session of said Church.
3. A cordial welcome will be extended to students as far as may be practicable
in the general life of the Church.
4. Reports from the Church Session as to the character and results of the
work will be rendered to the said Board of Education from time to time by the
Pastors and Session of the said Church.
Fifth. The Synod of New York, recognizing the importance of the work
proposed to be carried on under this agreement, and the necessary additional
expense to the Board of Education, agrees that it will make earnest efforts and
furnish practical assistance to the Board in raising funds for the annual expenses
of said work, additional to those already contributed by the Churches under its
jurisdiction to the general work of the Church as conducted by this Board. And
further, that when and as soon as it may be deemed advisable to take steps looking
to the raising of an endowment or any other fund, the said Synod will, through its
agents or Committees, unite with the Board in such plans and work, as may be
determined upon to affect the desired results.
Sixth. All moneys raised for the said endowment fund for the maintenance
of University Student Work in connection with the Cornell University shall be
held, invested and re-invested by the Board of Education as Trustee therefor, and
the income including all moneys received from rentals, or any moneys received
from real estate, after deducting all expenses incident to the raising of additional
endowments and the expenses of this trust shall be paid and applied to the proper
carrying on of the University Student Pastors' work at Cornell University, includ-
ing the salary of said Student Pastor, or Pastors. Should said work at any time
hereafter be abandoned, said income shall be applied in the first instance to work
of similar character, carried on within the jurisdiction of the vSynod of New York.
Should said work be abandoned within the Synod of New York, or for any other
reason the need for support cease, then both the principal and income of the said
endowment fund shall belong and be applicable to the Board of Education in the
Presbyterian Church in the United States of America.
Seventh. It is further understood and agreed that the Board of Education
shall be under no legal obligation to appropriate or pay to or for the account of the
University Pastor Work at Ithaca, New York, or the work conducted in the Synod
of New York, any moneys except such as belong to said trust or endowment fund,
other than the University Student Pastor's salary, as hereinbefore provided.
Eighth. This agreement with all its terms, conditions and provisions, shall
be binding upon the respective parties hereto, their respective heirs, executors
successors and assigns.
In Witness Whereof the Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in
the United States of America, the First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca, New York,
have hereunto caused their common or corporate seals to be affixed by their respec-
tive presidents and attested by their secretaries and the Synod of New York hath
so SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 22(1
hereunto, by the signature of its Moderator, attested by its Stated Clerk, dated the
day and year as above written.
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of:
H. A. HiLE, The Board ok Education of the
• E. R. Sterrett. Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A.:
For Thomas G. Miller, By Charles Wadsworth.
Paul S. LivermORE, Attest Joseph W. Cochran,
Ernest A. Miller. ^'""'^''''■
First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca,
By Thomas G. Miller,
Chairman Board of Trustees.
Attest Paul S. Livermore,
Secretary Board of Trustees.
Synod of New York:
By George B. Stewart,
Chairman Synod's Student Work Committee.
Attest Harris B. Stewart.
The Committee on the Minutes of the General Assembly presented
the fol]ow^ng report which was approved :
We call attention:
1. To the action of the Assembly in the emphasis which the Executive
Commission places upon the Every Member Canvas, page 211.
2. To the report of the Committee on Christian Life and Work recommending
that a call be issued for a year of intercession beginning Oct. i, 1914, for the out-
pouring of the Holy Spirit, throughout the world in both home and foreign fields,
3. To the principle of self administration in Presbyteries and Synods and the
holding of a Home Mission Council, page 134.
It was the desire of this Synod that this Council should be convened in the
month of February.
The Several Standing Committees were called and having no
further business to present were discharged.
The Committee on Leave of Absence reported that the following
members of the Synod had been permitted for adequate reasons to
withdraw before the close of the sessions and the report was accepted :
Presbytery of Albany: Ministers — William H. Stubblebine, Peter A. Mac-
donald, Edward R. James; Elder — -Grantham A. Kinsel.
Binghamton: Minister — -A. Cameron MacKenzie; Elders — Edson J. Pritch-
ard, John Q. Barlow.
Brooklyn: Minister — J. Allison MacRury; Elders — Frederick B. Stewart,
Geo. P. Conard.
Buffalo: Ministers — Harry B. Boyd, F. LeRoy McCauley; Elder — William
A.D. 19 14] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 5 1
Cayuga: Minister — C. Gorman Richards; Elders — Alfred G. Sisson, F. E.
Columbia : Minister — George C. Yeisley.
Genesee: Elder — Eugene P. Norton.
Hudson: Ministers — George H. Bonsall, Azel H. Fish, Robert O. Kirkwood;
Elder — Eugene F. Perry.
Long Island: Elder — Thomas Coyle.
Lyons: Ministers — David B. McMurdy, Peter McKenzie.
Nassau: Minister — Charles S. Tator; Elder — John W. Anderson.
New York: Ministers — Harlan G. Mendenhall, Simeon B. Dunn, George S.
Webster, Albert D. Gantz, Jonathan C. Day, Arthur H. Limouze, E. J. Russell;
Elder— Robert Abbott.
North River: Elder — Ernest W. Conklin.
Rochester: Ministers— Frank W. Hill, Theodore M. Carlisle, Frank M.
Weston; Elder — Hugh Campbell.
St. Lawrence: Ministers — Frank B. Cowman, Curtin G. Roop.
Syracuse: Ministers — Frederick W. Fuess, John S. Woodcock; Elders —
Almon Bristol, John T. Roberts, Benjamin F. Redner.
Troy: Elders— Fred W. Coons, William H. Hollister, Jr.
"Westchester: Ministers— George Reynolds, Anthony N. Petersen; Elders —
James R. Brash, David A. Nelson.
The following vote of thanks was unanimously adopted and
ordered read at the popular meeting this evening:
The Synod of New York congratulates the Presbyterians of Middletown upon
their one hundred percent. eflRciency under the standard of our Christian fellow-
ship which reads, "Use hospitality one with another."
You have caused us to rejoice in our sojourning here, and by your kindly
courtesies in church and in home, for our comfort and our pleasure, have not only
convenienced our work to a profitable issue, but have given us memories to cherish
in which we shall often delight. Behold "we have all and abound" through your
care of us.
We thank you, and would express our appreciation by individual word, and
by this minute upon our records. "The Lord bless thee and keep thee," and give
increase in all your ministry.
The following Minute was adopted :
Resolved, that the Synod express its approval of the plan followed by the Joint
Executive Committee at this meeting, in presenting the work of the Church com-
mitted to its charge.
The Roll was called and the follo\ving members were recorded as
being absent without the permission of the Synod:
Presbytery of Brooklyn : Elder— Stephen J. Mills.
Champlain: Minister— Samuel Eaton,; Elder— Herbert T. Earl.
52 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Oct. 2 2d
Hudson: Elder— C. Ebcnezer Johnson.
Long Island: Minister — Morris W. Harkness.
Lyons: Elder — Willis M. Stone.
New York: Ministers — Harold S. Rambo, Francesco Perazzini.
Niagara: Minister — Charles A. Lawrence.
Troy: Minister — George Fairlee.
The Minutes were read and approved.
Recess was taken until -j.^^o p. m.
Closed with prayer.
Thursday, October 22, 7.30 o'clock, p. m.
A popular meeting was held in the interest of Missions, Mr. David
Conaughy presiding. Addresses were given by Mr. J. Ernest
McAfee, Secretary of the Board of Home Missions and by 'Rev. A.
Woodruff Halsey, D.D., Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions.
The remaining Minutes were read and approved.
There being no further business, Synod adjourned to meet in the
First Presbyterian Church of Batavia, N. Y., Tuesday, October 19,
191 5, at half past seven o'clock, p. m.
Concluded with Prayer and the Apostolic Benediction.
Daniel A. Ferguson,
J. WiLFORD Jacks,
I. REPORT OF THE PRESBYTERIES
I. The Presbytery of Albany consists of seventy-two ministers, forty-nine
churches and has under its care one licentiate and four candidates.
Ministers received :
December 9, 1913, Rev. James C. Donvard from the Presbytery of Columbia;
Rev. Warren J. Whiffen from the Presbytery of Chemung; Rev. John A.
MacDonald from the Presbytery of Newton;
June 16, 1914, Rev. Joseph T. Curtin from the Presbytery of Binghamton.
Candidates taken under care of Presbyter>':
December 9, 1913, William C. Spicer, Jr.;
April 21, 1914, Walter Dudley Cavert.
December 17, 1913, Rev. John A. MacDonald over the New Scotland Church;
December 18, Rev. James C. Dorward over the Tribes Hill Church;
July 7, 1914, Rev. Joseph T. Curtin over the Hamilton Union Church.
Ministers dismissed :
April 21, 1914, Rev. Thornton A. Mills to the Presbytery of Troy; Rev. U. L.
Mackey to the Presbytery of Brooklyn.
Stated Supplies appointed:
December 9, 1913, Rev. Warren J. Whiffen, Stated Supply at Esperance;
Rev. C. Otis Thatcher at Batchellerville ; Rev. John J. Cameron at
Stated Supplies released:
December 9, 1913, Rev. Josiah Still from the Mayfield Central Church;
September 15, 1914, Rev. William C. Falconer from the Galway and West
December 29, 1913, Rev. Alvin Cooper, M.D., at Jefferson, N. Y., aged 87
years and four months.
October 20, 1914, Rev. Washington Frothingham at Fonda, N. Y., aged 92
years and eight months
II. The Presbytery of Binghamton consists of thirty-eight ministers, thirty-
four churches and has imder its care one candidate.
January 12, 1914, Rev. Robert C. Galbreath from the Presbytery of Lacka-
■56 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
April 20, Rev. Arthur Burd AlcCormick from the Presbytery of Shenango;
April 21, Rev. John S. Laing from the Presbytery of Hudson; Rev. John L.
Winnemore from the Presbytery of Northumberland; Rev. John A.
Blacklock from the Tioga River Christian Conference;
September 21, Rev. A. Mason Brown from the Presbytery of Hudson:
September 22, Rev. Edwin P. Essick from the Presbytery of Chemung;
Rev. George E. Guild, D.D., from the Presbytery df Lackawanna.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
December 22, 1913, between Rev. George Murray Colville, D.D., and Bing-
hamton West ;
April 21, 1914, between Rev. H. Lewis Smith and Binghamtoyi Immanuel;
June 9, between Rev. Joseph T. Curtin and the Church at Nineveh; between
Rev. George W. Newman and the Church at Coventry;
September 22, 1914, between Rev. William T. Bridges and the Church at
January 15, 1914, Rev. Robert C. Galbreath over the Church at Union;
May 7, Rev. Arthur Burd McCormick over the Binghamton West Church;
May 14, Rev. John L. Winnemore over the Church at Nichols;
July I, Rev. John S. Laing over the Church at Hancock;
September 22, Rev. John A. Blacklock over the Church at Windsor;
September 29, Rev. A. Mason Brown over Immanuel Church at Binghamton.
Ministers dismissed :
December 22, 1913, Rev. Samuel A. Johnson to the Presbytery of Emporia;
April 20, 1914, Rev. George Murray Colville, D.D., to the Presbytery of
April 21, Rev. H. Lewis Smith to the Presbytery of Detroit;
June 9, Rev, Joseph T. Curtin to the Presbytery of Albany; Rev. George W.
Newman to the Presbytery of St. Lawrence;
September 21, Rev. Charles J. Moon to the Presbytery of Lehigh;
September 22, Rev. Orville Theodore Fletcher to the Oneida, Chenango, and
Delaware Association of Congregational Churches.
April 21, 19 1 4, Rccrston and Rock Rift.
Noveml)cr 10, 1913, Rev. James A. Anderson in his 60th year;
November 17, Rev. Wallace W. Thorpe, in his 81st year.
June 15, 1914, Rev. Edgar P. Carson returned letter of disrnission granted
IiJm (;n September 16, 1913, to the Presbytery of New York.
III. The Presbytery of Brooklyn consists of eighty-nine ministers, forty-
eight churches and lias under its care, four licentiates and sixteen candidates.
A.D. 1914) SYNOD OF NEW YORK 57
Ministers received :
April 27, 1914, Rev. U L. Mackey from the Presbytery of Albany;
May 3, Rev. Giovanni Tron from the Presbytery of New York.
Candidates taken under care of Presbyterv:
January 26, 1914, George Daly P. Jacopellis;
March 23, R. M. Newfield and Paul Benrimo.
April 27, J. H. Sanders;
June 22, A. G. AlacRury.
March 23, 1914, Merrill F. Clarke; J. A. MacRury;
April 27, Carlton Park, B. J. Butts;
June 22, John H. Sanders;
September 28, A. G. MacRury.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
June 22, 1914, between Rev. L. Vandenburg and Spencer Memorial Church;
between Rev. C. T. Edwards and the Bay Ridge Church.
May 3, 1914, Merrill F. Clarke;
May 26, J. Allison MacRury.
May 26, 1914, Rev. J. A. MacRury over the Woodliaven Church.
November 24, 1913, Rev. A. T. Boisen to the Congregational Church;
March 23, 1914, Rev. F. F. Shannon to the Dutch Reformed Church;
April 27, Rev. Madison C. Peters to the Long Island Baptist Association;
May 3, Rev. Merrill F. Clarke to the Presbytery of New York;
June 22, Rev. L. Vandenburgh to the Presbytery of Jersey City;
September 28, Rev. R. K. Hickok and Rev. J. P. Stanziani to Cayuga
Jime 22, 1 9 14, Aurelio Sofia to Chicago Presbytery.
March 20, 1914, Rev. Rockwood McQuesten, Ph.D., aged 75 years;
July 16, Rev. Allan Douglas Carlile, D.D., aged 54 years;
July 31, Rev. Gurdon H. Eggleston, aged 35 years.
IV. The Presbytery of Buffalo consists of sixty-eight ministers, fifty-six
churches, and has under its care three licentiates and three candidates.
November 17, 1913, Rev. Russell S. Gregory from the Presbytery of New
January 16, 1914, Rev. Robert J. Macalpine from the Presbytery of Cleve-
58 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
January i6, Rev. Jacob Klaasse from the Presbyter}^ of Grand Rapids; Rev.
Oliphant Gibbons from the Presbytery of Chemung;
June 22, Rev. B. Y. Spare from the Presbytery of New York.
Candidate taken under care of Presbytery:
January i6, 1914, Miller Burrows, a member of the Lafayette Presbyterian
Licentiate received :
April 20, 1914, Arthur O. Stockbridge from the Presbytery of Baltimore.
Candidates licensed :
April 20, 19 14, Clarence Scoville.
September 28, Miller Burrows.
Pastoral relation dissolved:
July 27, 1914, between Rev. Charles T. Shaw and the Church at Jamestown.
June 22, 1914, Arthur O. Stockbridge.
January 16, 19 14, Rev. Robert J. Macalpine over the Central Church, Buffalo;
February 3, Rev. Jacob Klaasse over the Church at Clarence; Rev. Greeley
H. Orvis over the Church at Allegany;
June 22, Rev. Arthur O. Stockbridge over the Church at Conewango;
October 23, Rev. Benjamin R. Larrabee over the Church at Fredonia;
November, Rev. Russell S. Gregory over the Church at East Aurora.
November 17, 1913, Rev. E. A. BaUis to the Presbytery of Walla Walla;
July 27, 1914, Rev. Chas. T. Shaw to the Presbytery of Cleveland; Rev.
George McCulloch to the Presbytery of Otsego.
April 3, 1914, Rev. William Waith, Ph.D.
V. The Presbytery of Cayuga consists of forty-five ministers, twenty-two
churches and has under its care nine licentiates and eleven candidates.
January 15, 1913, Rev. William H. Perry from the Brooklyn Congregational
April 13, 1914, Rev. Herbert S. Moore from the Presbytery of Ebenezer,
Southern Church; Rev. Andrew J. Lydal from the Presbytery of Bing-
July 15, Rev. Charles J. Howell from the Presbytery of Utica;
November 18, Rev. George NichoUs from the Presbytery of Geneva;
September 29, Rev. John P. Stanziani from the Presbytery of Brooklyn;
Rev. Seth Cook from the Classis of Montgomery.
Candidates taken under care of Presbytery:
October i, 1913, Ralph DeKay, John D. Finlayson, Stanley Smith, Francisco
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 59
De Simone, William L. Hundsman, vStuart K. Bcccher, Kenneth J.
November 18, Charles L. Carlucci, James B. Myers, S. B. Ogdcn, John M.
McQuarrie, John N. Morrison, Alva V. King, Clarence B. Scoville, J. Delia
April 14, 1914, Ira N. McClymonds, J. M. Stewart;
April 29, LeRoy Harries;
September 29, Royal G. Hall, G. A. Percival.
Candidates licensed :
April 14, 1914, Albert J. Thomas, John Romolo, Hardy Lumb, John D.
Finlayson, Stanley Smith, Ralph E. DeKay, John M. McQuarrie, J. N.
Morrison, Alva V. King, James B. Myers, John Rankin, Mervvin Stewart.
April 29, Chester LeRoy Harries.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
January 15, 1914, between Rev. Evan R. Evans, Ph.D., and the Ludlowville
April 14, between Rev. E. Lloyd Jones and the Cayuga Church.
April 29, John D. Finlayson, John J. Romolo, Lucian W. Scott, Albert
J. Thomas, John M. McQuarrie, O. B. Willi.
December 3, 1913, Rev. George NichoUs over the Church at Cato;
April 22, 1914, Rev. Andrew J. Lydal over the Church at Fairhaven;
September 29, Rev. Lucian W. Scott over the Genoa Second Church.
October i, 1913, Rev. Charles J. Howell to the Presbytery of Syracuse;
April 14, 19 14, Rev. A. B. Scofield to the Presbytery of Steuben; Rev.
Thomas R. S. Bowker to the Presbytery of Porto Rico;
April 29, Rev. Albert J. Thomas to the Presbyter>' of Syracuse;
September 30, Rev. John M. McQuarrie to the Presbyter>' of St. Lawrence^
Licentiate transferred :
April 29, 1 9 14, Arthur E. Harper to the Presbytery of Newark.
Rev. William C. Brass aged 56 years.
VI. The Presbytery of Champlain consists of sixteen ministers and twenty-
one churches, and has under its care four candidates.
March 10, 1914, Rev. John Bamford from the Presbytery of Des Moines;
Jul}^ 10, Rev. Caleb H. Hodges from the Monthly Meeting of Orthodox
September 15, Rev. Raymond H. Steams from the Presby-ery of North
6o SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
Candidates taken under care of Presbytery:
December 30, 1913, George R. Molt.
April 14, 19 1 4, Harold M. Davds;
September 15, George R. Shrader.
April 14, 1914, George R. Mott.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
December 30, 1913, between Rev. Aaron W. JMaddo.x and the Tupper Lake
September 15, 19 14, between Rev. Arthur Requa and the Mineville Church.
June 2, 1914, George R. Mott.
June 2, 1914, Rev. George R. Mott over the Church at Chazy;
July 10, Rev. Caleb H. Hodges over the Church at Tupper Lake
Minister dismissed :
September 15, 1914, Rev. Arthur Requa to the Presbytery of Westchester.
VIL The Presbytery of Chemung consists of eighteen ministers and twenty-
one churches and has under its care three candidates.
January 12, 1914, Rev. William Hansom, D.D., from the Presbytery of
April 21, Rev. John H. Atkinson from the Enghsh Baptist Church; Rev.
Paul C. Thyboldt from the Presbytery of Chicago;
September 21, Rev. Hcratio S. Beach from the Presbytery of St. Lawrence.
Candidate taken under care of Presbytery:
July 21, 1 9 14, Clifford Young.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
July 21, 1914, between Rev. William L. Sawtelle and the First Church,
Elmira; between Rev. George W. Warren and the North Churcli, Elmira.
April 20, 1914, Rev. William Hansom, D.D., over the Church at Big Flats;
May 28, Rev. Paul C. Thyboldt over the Church at Montour Falls.
January 12, 1914, Rev. Oliphant Gibbons to the Presbytery of BuflFalo;
July 21, Rev. William L. Sawtelle to the Presbytery of Troy; Rev. George W.
Warren to the Presbytery of Boston;
September 21, Rev. Edwin P. Essick to the Presbytery of Binghamlon.
June, 19 14, Rev. James R. Robinson.
Rev. James A. Miliar, Ph.D., has been chosen Stated Clerk and Treasurer.
A.D. 1914I SYNOD OF NEW YORK 61
VIII. The Presbytery of Chile consists of twenty ministers, seventeen
churches and has under its care seventeen licentiates and local evangelists and
IX. The Presbytery of Columbia consists of sixteen ministers, seventeen
churches and has under its care one candidate.
April. 21, 1914, Rev. Robert Hughes from the Presbytery of Otsego.
Pastoral relation dissolved:
December 12, 1913, between Rev. Isaac N. Steelman and the Church at
December 12, 1913, Rev. James C. Dorward to the Presbytery of Albany;
September 15, 19 14, Rev. Isaac N. Steelman to the Presbytery of Morris and
X. The Presbytery of Eastern Persia consists of thirteen ministers, four
churches and has under its care two candidates.
XI. The Presbytery of Genesee consists of twenty-three ministers, eighteen
churches and has under its care one candidate.
April 14, 1914, Rev. James D. Thomas from the Welsh Presbytery of N. E.
Alay 6, 19 14, Rev. James D. Thomas over the Church at Elba.
XII. The Presbytery of Geneva consists of twenty-nine ministers, twenty
churches and has under its care five candidates.
April 21, 1914, Rev. Frederick H. Watkins from the Presbytery of Otsego;
September 15, Rev. Herbert E. Andrews from the Presbytery of Syra-
Candidates taken under care of Presbytery:
September 15, 1914, Clinton R. Beach, Max Cecil Putney.
October 7, 1913, Rev. George Xicholls to the Presbytery of Cayuga.
May 7, 1914, Rev. Frederick H. Watkins over the Church at Ovid;
October 8, Rev. Herbert E. Andrews over the Church at Dresden.
62 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
XIII. The Presbytery of Hudson consists of forty-four ministers and forty-
January 21, 1914, Rev. William A. Russum from the Presbytery of Elizabeth;
Rev. George Murray Colville, D.D., from the Presbytery of Binghamton;
Rev. Albert E. Chamberlain from the Congregational Church;
June 16, Rev. Thomas M. Simonton from the Reformed Classis of Raritan;
September 22, Rev. James H. Ballard from the Baptist Church.
April 21, 1914, Robert E. Baldwin.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
January 20, 1914, between Rev. T. E. Montgomery and the Hempstead
Church; between Rev. Alvin R. Pennell and the Washingtonville Church;
March 24, between Rev. George A. McAllister and the Church at Chester;
April 20, between Rev. John S. Laing and the Church at Otisville.
June 16, 1914, Robert E. Baldwin.
October 28, 1913, Rev. Edward B. Shaw, D.D., over the Church at Monroe;
March 10, 1914, Rev. William A. Russum over the Church at Milford;
June 2, Rev. Albert E. Chamberlain over the Church at Florida;
July 16, Rev. Thomas M. Simonton over the Church at Chester.
January 20, 1914, Rev. George Scofield to the Presbytery of North River;
March 24, Rev. George A. McAllister to the Presbytery of Carlisle;
April 20, Rev. John S. Laing to the Presbytery of Binghamton;
April 21, Rev. Edward Scofield to the Presbytery of North River;
September 22, Rev. Arthur J. Waugh to the Presbytery of Brooklyn; Rev.
Robert E. Baldwin to the Presbytery of Cincinnati.
May 2, 1914, Rev. CorneUus Stowitts, D.D.
XIV. The Presbytery of Long Island co nsists of twenty-nine ministers and
twenty-three churches and has under its care two licentiates and one candidate.
January 26, 1914, Rev. A. Lincoln Shear from the Presbytery of Connecticut
September 15, Rev. Jacob Dyke from the North Classis of Long Island,
(Reformed Church, U. S. A.)
January 26, 1914, William Strieker from the South Classis of Long Island,
(Reformed Church, U. S. A.)
A.D. I914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 63
Ordination and installation:
January 26, 1914, William Strieker ordained and installed over the Grccnport
April 21, 19 14, Rev. Frank Diehl to the Presbytery of Jersey City; Rev.
C. N. Miller Mackay to the Presbytery of Chester;
September 15, Rev. William T. Edds to the Presbytery of Westchester.
XV. The F*resbytery of Lyons consists of nineteen ministers and nineteen
May 6, 1914, Rev. George W. Dell from the Susquehanna Congregational
May 6, 1914, Rev. George W. Dell over the Churches at Joy and Sodus
XVI. The Presbytery of Nassau consists of twenty-eight ministers, thirty
churches and has under its care two candidates.
February 9, 1914, Rev. James B. Dare from the New Jersey Methodist
April 14, Rev. J. Sidney Gould from the Wichita, Kansas, Congregational
Association; Rev. William S. Wallace from the Presbytery of Florida.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
October 7, 1913, between Rev. Robert Bramfitt and Whitestone Church;
July I, 1914, between Rev. Edward J. Lloyd and the Mineola Church.
February 16, 19 14, Rev. James B. Dare over the Whitestone Church;
April 21, Rev. William S. Wallace over the Ravenswood Church;
April 30, Rev. J. Sidney Gould over the Freeport Church.
Feburary 9, 1914, Rev. Herman G. Blaschke to the Presbytery of Newark;
April 14, Rev. Robert Bramfitt to the Presbytery of Otsego;
June 8, Rev. Edward J. Lloyd to the Presbytery of Huntingdon.
XVII. The Presbytery of New York consists of one hundred and eighty-
eight ministers, sixty churches, three licentiates and eleven candidates.
January 12, 19 14, Rev. G. A. Johnston Ross from the Presbytery of Chester;
Rev. Chas. N. Van Houten from the Presbytery of Jersey City;
March 8, Rev. George W. Arms, Jr., from the Presbytery of Denver;
64 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
June 8, Rev. Merrill F. Clark from the Presbytery of Brooklyn; Rev. Reno
Venturini from the Presbytery of Westchester; Rev. James Palmer, Ph.D.,
from the Classis of New York, Reformed Church;
October 5, Rev. Wm. Y. Duncan from the Presbj'tery of Westchester.
Candidates taken under care of Presbytery:
January 12, 19 14, EUinwood A. Frost from the Presbytery of Philadelphia
North; Wm. C. Fitzgibbon; John W. Voorhis; Charles H. Wicks;
April 13, Paulo Sibilio; Frank Fitt;
October 5, John W. Darr.
April 13, 1914, George M. Elsbree froin the New York Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church.
April 13, 1914, EUinwood A. Frost, Lyman R. Hartley, James M. Howard,
Albert J. Murphy, Louis H. Ordile, Wm. Neely Ross, Bernice Y. Spare,
Ernest J. Weekes, Chas. H. Wicks.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
January 12, 1914, between John L. Caughey, D.D., and the Harlem Church;
between Rev. Archibald Black and the Bedford Park Church;
May I, 1914, between David G. Wylie, D.D., LL.D., and the Scotch Church;
October 5, between George S. Webster, D.D., and the Church of the Cov-
April 26, 1914, George M. Elsbree, Bernice Y. Spare, Charles H. Wicks;
April 30, Albert H. Murphy, EUinwood A. Frost, Lyman R. Hartley;
May 3, Wm. Neely Ross, LoUis H. Ordile, all as Evangelists;
June 19, 1 9 14, James M. Howard as pastor.
December 21, 1913, Rev. Daniel H. Martin, D.D., over the Fort Washington
April 2, 1914, George W. Arms, Jr., over the New York Church;
April 16, Rev. Daniel E. Lorenz, Ph.D., over the Church of the Good Shep-
May 21, Rev. Tcrtius Van Dyke over the Spring St. Church;
June 19, Rev. James M. Howard over the Bedford Park Church.
November 10, 1913, Rev. Russell S. Gregory to the Presbytery of BuflFalo;
Rev. Chas. E. Blanchard to the Presbytery of Lansing; Rev. Abbott L. R.
Waite to the Presbytery of Washington City;
January 12, 19 14, Rev. George C. Tamblyn to the Fairfield Association of
Congregational Ministers; Rev. Concie LeRoy Butler to the Presbytery
of Atlantic; Rev. George M. Hunter to the Presbytery of Morris and
Orange; Rev. John Lyon Caughey, D.D., to the Presbytery of Troy;
Rev. Archibald Black to the Mcrrimac Association of Congregational
A.D. 1 9 14] SYNOD OF XEW YORK 65
April 13, Rev. John E. Fleming to the Presbytery of Lehigh; Rev. Jolin Tron
to the Presbytery of Brooklyn;
April 26, Rev. Albert L. Evans to the Presbytery of Otsego;
June 8, Rev. Louis Moxedano to the Presbytery of Cincinnati; Rev. Bemice
Y. Spare to the Presbj-tery of Buffalo;
October 5, Rev. Louis H. Ordile to the Methodist Episcopal Church at
Middletown, Conn. ; Rev. George E. Bevans to the Presbytery of Elizabeth.
Rev. John H. Edwards, D.D., to the Presbytery of Seattle; Rev. Joachin
Glazko to the Presbytery of San Francisco.
December 23, 1913, Francesco C. Jacobellis to the Presbytery of Brooklyn;
February 28, 1914, Gustav Winter to the Presbytery of Dubuque.
Name dropped from the roll:
November loth, 1913, Rev. Samuel G. Dunseath.
March 29, 1914, Church of the Good Shepherd.
September 22, 1913, Rev. Peter Z. Easton at Tabriz, Persia, age 78;
November 7, Rev. Edward G. Thurber, D.D., at New York, age 78;
June 24, 1914, Rev. Samuel B. Rossiter, D.D., at Clifton Springs, age 73;
July 7, Rev. Henry B. Chapin, D.D., Ph.D., at White Plains, age 86;
July 31, Rev. John M. Waddell, D.D., at Warnersville, Pa., age 77.
April 13, 1914, Ernest J. Weekes to the Presbytery of St. Lawrence.
XVIII. The Presbytery of Niagara consists of twenty-four ministers,
twenty-four churches and has under its care one licentiate and one candidate.
November 3, 1913, Rev. Charles A. Lawrence from the Genesee M. E. Con-
ference; Rev. Fenwick B. Eraser from the Presbytery of Solomon;
January 19, 1914, Rev. William Excell from the Presbytery of St. Lawrence;
April 14, Rev. Frank J. Milman, D.D., from the Presbyter}' of Newark;
Rev. Herbert H. Brown from the Presbytery of Jersey City:
September 28, Rev. A. L. Brand from the Tioga Conference of the Christian
November 3, 1913, Rev. Charles B. Chapin, D.D., to the Presbytery of
January 19, 1914, Rev. Albert Evans, D.D., to the Presbytery of Parkersburg.
May 14, 1914, Rev. Frank J. Milman, Ph.D., over the Medina Church;
Mav 21, Rev. Herbert H. Brown over the Lyndonville Church.
66 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
Pastoral relations dissolved:
November 3, 1913, between Rev. Charles B. Chapin, D.D., and the Medina
February i, 1914, between Rev. Albert Evans, D.D., and the First Church,
XIX. The Presbytery of North Laos consists of seventeen ministers, twenty-
six churches, one licentiate and twenty candidates.
XX. The Presbytery of North River consists of forty-four ministers,
thirty churches and has under its care three candidates.
Feburary 2, 1914, Rev. Geo. H. Scofield from the Presbytery of Hudson;
April 20, Rev. Frank Malven from the Presbytery of- Chester;
October 5, Rev. Edward Scofield from the Presbytery of Hudson; Rev.
Edward W. Bate from the Presbytery of Clarion; Rev. Wm. O. Nagle from
the Presbytery of Lake Superior.
June 15, 1914, Arthur N. Butz from the Presbytery of Lehigh.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
April 21, 1914, between Rev. Wm. Parker, Ph.D., and the Wappingers Falls
October 6, between Rev. Alexander R. Barron and the Highland Falls Church,
June 15, 1914, Arthur N. Butz at Cornwall Church.
February 2, 1914, Rev. Emory A. Nelson over the Hughsonville Church;
February, 4, Rev. George H. Scofield over the Lloyd Highland Church;
May 8, Rev. Frank Malven over the Pleasant Valley Church;
June 15, Rev. Arthur N. Butz over the Cornwall Church;
October 20, Rev. Edward W. Bate over the Wappingers Fall Cliurch.
June 15, 1914, Rev. Charles L. Carhart to the Presbytery of Westchester;
Rev. Raymond H. Stearns to the Presbytery of Champlain;
October 6, Rev. Alexander R. Barron to the Presbj'tery of Utica.
Corporate name of Matteawan Churcli changed to Beacon.
XXL The Presb3rtefy of Otsego consists of tliirty ministers and thirty
June 12, 1913, Rev. C. Carson Bransby from the Presbytery of Pittsburg;
October i, Rev. Almon T. Fuller from the Presbytery of St. Lawrence;
January 19, 1914, Rev. Alexander M. Lennox, Litt.D., from the Delaware
Presbytery of the U. P. Church;
A.D. 1914I SYNOD OF NEW YORK 67
April 21, Rev. John B. Kaloria from the Presbytery of Dubuque; Rev.
Albert L. Evans from the Presbytery of New York;
June 5, Rev. Robert Bramfitt from the Presbytery of Nassau;
September 22, Rev. George B. McCuUoch from the Presbytery of Buffalo.
January 19, 1914, George M. Xicholls from the Bible Training School, New
Pastoral relations dissolved:
October 30, 1913, Rev. Wellington P. Francisco and the Richfield Springs
September 22, 1914, Rev. Charles D. Cook and the Cherry Valley Church.
September 22, 1914, George M. NichoUs.
June 5, 1914, Rev. Albert L. Evans over the Richfield Springs Church;
June 16, Rev. Robert Bramfitt over the Middlefield Center Church.
January 19, 1914, Rev. Frederick H. Watkins to the Geneva Presbytery;
Rev. Robert Hughes to the Columbia Presbytery;
April 22, Rev. Thomas Parker to the Erie Presbytery;
September 22, Rev. Alex. M. Lennox, Litt.D., to the Albany Presbyter}'.
XXII. The Presbjrtery of Porto Rico consists of seventeen ministers, thirty-
one churches and has under its care one licentiate, thirteen candidates and fourteen
June 15, 1914, Rev. Jose Lewis Santiago Cabrero from the Presbytery of New
January 15, 1914, T. Harold Ellis.
April 16, Carlos Barrios Zapata.
Dropped from the roll:
September 9, 1914, Rev. Miguel E. Martinez.
April 8, 1914, Ensenada;
September 9, Ceiba Baja.
September 18, 1914, Pedro Gil Jaca.
XXIII. The Presbytery of Rochester consists of sixty-seven ministers and
fifty-two churches, and has under its care two candidates.
January 19, 1914, Rev. Charles T. Roosa from the Presbytery of Portland;
68 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
Rev. T. Johnson Bolger from the Chicago Baptist Association;
June I, Rev. C. Waldo Cherry from the Presbj'tery of Troy;
June 2, Rev. Abram N. WyHe from the Presbytery of Syracuse;
Sept. 28, Rev. Harry Elvin Malick from the Pennsylvania Conference of the
Primitive Methodist Church.
Candidate taken under care of Presbytery:
Sept. 28, 1914, Henry Lawrence Achilles.
Pastoral relation dissolved:
June 2, 1914, between Rev. W. W. Stoddart and Memorial Church, Rochester.
February 8, 1914, Rev. Charles T. Roosa over the Church of Groveland;
June I, Rev. C. Waldo Cherry over Central Church, Rochester.
October 7, 1914, Clinton F. Criswell to the Presbytery of Pembina.
June 7, 1914, The Irondequoit Presbyterian Church, Irondequoit, N. Y.
December 21, 1913, Rev. Josiah E. Kittredge, D.D.;
April 20, 1914, Rev. Edward Bristol.
XXIV. The Presbytery of St. Lawrence consists of thirty ministers and
thirty-five churches and has under its care two candidates.
September 29, 19 14, Rev. George W. Newman from the Presbytery of Bing-
hamton; Rev. John M. MacQuarrie from the Presbytery of Cayuga.
April 14, 1914, Ernest J. Weeks from the Presbytery of New York.
Pastoral relation dissolved:
September 2, 1914, between Rev. Horatio S. Beach and the Church at Oxbow.
May 2-], 1914, at Watertown, N. Y., Ernest J. Weekes as an Evangelist.
October 16, 1913, Rev. Harry Fred Smith over the Church at Brownville;
October 28, Rev. Theodore J. Searls over the Church at Sackets Harbor.
December i, 1913, Rev. William Excell to the Presbytery of Niagara;
April 13, 1914, Rev. Frank A. Ingraham to the Presbytery of Saginaw; Rev.
Arthur R. Chafee to the Presbytery of Monmouth;
September 2, Rev. Horatio S. Beach to the Presbj'tcry of Chemung.
XXV. The Presbytery of Siam consists of thirteen ministers, thirteen
churches and has under its care two licentiates, nine local evangelists and seven
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 69
XXVI. The Presbytery of Steuben consists of twenty-nine ministers and
October 3, 1913, Rev. Albert B. Scofield from the Presbytery of Cayuga.
Pastoral relation dissolved:
September 22, 1914, between Rev. Peter R. Ross, D.D., and the First Church
of Hornell to be effective November 29, 1914.
September 22, 1914, Rev. Peter R. Ross, D.D., to the Presbytery of Bing-
XXVII. The Presbytery of Syracuse consists of forty ministers, forty-four
churches, and has under its care five candidates.
October 3, 19 13, Rev. John R. Woodcock from the Presbytery of Huntingdon;
Rev. Charles J. Howell from the Presbytery of Cayuga; Rev. Alfred T.
Vail from the Presbj^tery of Chemung; Rev. John M. Maclnnis from the
Presbyten,' of Halifax of the Presbyterian Church of Canada; Rev. A. N.
Wylie from the Presbytery of Brazos of the Presb\'-terian Church in the
April 14, 1914, Rev. PhiUp A. Parsons, Ph.D., from the Disciples Church
denomination upon examination ;
May 8, Rev. Albert J. Thomas from the Presbytery of Cayuga;
September 21, Rev. Walter L. Bennett from the Fairfield Association of
Candidates taken under care of Presbytery:
October 14, 1913, Vincent Bell;
June 25, 1914, H. G. Gaige.
Candidate licensed :
April 14, 19 14, Misak M. Aijian.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
March 2, 1914, between Rev. Harris B. Stewart and the Chittenango Church;
between Rev. Albert W. Allen and the Elmwood Church of Syracuse;
April 1 4,. between Rev. J. Paul Shelley and the Canastota Church;
May 8, between Rev. George W. Wellburn and the Fulton Church;
June I, between Rev. C. Lansing Seymour and the First Church of Oswego.
June 25, between Rev. Herbert E. Andrews and the CoUamer Church.
April 28, 1914, Misak .\I. Aijian as Evangelist at Syracuse, N. Y.
October 3, 1913, Rev. John M. Maclnnis over the South Church of Syracuse;
October 14, Rev. John R. Woodcock over the East Genesee Church of Syra-
70 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
June 25, 19 14, Rev. Albert J. Thomas over the Chittenango Church;
July 7, Rev. C. Lansing Seymour over the Elmwood Church of Syra-
September 24, Rev. Walter L. Bennett over the Canastota Church;
September 25, Rev. Charles J. Howell over the Amboy Church.
Ministers dismissed :
March 2, 1914, Rev. Albert W. Allen to the Presbytery of Niagara;
April 14, Rev. J. Paul Shelley to the Presbyiery of Beaver;
May 3, Rev. George W. Wellburn to the Presbytery of Lackawanna;
June I, Rev. A. N. Wylie to the Presbytery of Rochester;
June 25, Rev. Herbert E. Andrews to the Presbytery of Geneva.
Candidate transferred :
June 25, 1914, Frank P. MacKenzie to the Presbytery of Carlisle.
March 13, 1914, Rev. George B. Spalding, D.D., aged 78 years, 7 months.
XXVHL The Presbytery of Troy consists of forty ministers, thirty-seven
churches and has under its care two candidates.
January 19, 1914, Rev. John Lyon Caughey, D.D., from the Presbytery of
April 20, Rev. Thornton A. Mills, Ph.D., from the Presbytery of Albany;
Rev. A. Loux from the Presbytery of Northumberland;
May 18, Rev. James A. Pratt from the Presbytery of Philadelphia North;
Rev. H. Edward Jones from the Western Presbytery of the Welsh Presby-
June 24, Rev. Wallace H. Marsh from the Presbytery of Elizabeth; Rev.
James Kent McClure from the Presbytery of Boston.
January 19, 1914, Rev. David C. Davies to the Presbytery of Utica;
April 20, Rev. C. Waldo Cherry to the Presbytery of Rochester; Rev. James
T. Veneklasen to the Presbytery of Grand Rapids.
Candidate taken under care of Presbytery:
September 21, 1914, George N. Patrick.
October 28, 1913, Sisag K. Emurian.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
April 20, 1 9 14, between Rev. James T. Veneklasen and the Schoonmaker
Memorial Church of Stillwater; between Rev. Homer C. Evans and the
Park Church of Troy; between Rev. C. Waldo Cherry and the Second
Presbyterian Church of Troy;
September 22, between Rev. Gostan Moomjiun and the Armenian Presby-
terian Church of Troy.
A.D. 1914I SYNOD OF NEW YORK 7I
January 22, 1914, Rev. John Lyon Caughey, D.D., over the Church at Glens
May 7, Rev. Thornton A. Mills, Ph.D., over the Church at Lake George;
May 22., Rev. H. Edward Jones over the Church at Schaghticoke;
June 2, Rev. James A. Pratt over the Church at Mechanicville;
June 9, Rev. Edward A. Lou.x over the Ninth Church of Troy;
June 26, Rev. Wallace H. Marsh over the Church at Whitehall;
July 14, Rev. James K. McChire over the Church at Brunswick;
October 13, Rev. William L. Sawtelle over the Second Church of Troy.
September 22, 1914, First Presbyterian Church of Argyle; Presbyterian
Church of North Granville.
XXIX. The Presbytery of Utica consists of forty-four ministers, forty-four
churches and has under its care six candidates.
April 14, 1914, Rev. David C. Davies from the Presbytery of Troy;
April 29, Rev. Willard P. Soper from the Classis of Rensselaer;
September 29, Rev. Charles W. Rice from the Presbytery of Champlain.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
November 3, 1913, between Rev. E. Floyd Rippey and the Church at Cam-
December 31, between Rev. Louis G. Colson, D.D., and the Church at New
April 14, 1914, between Rev. Henry White and the Church at Clinton;
May 17, between Rev. Arthur J. Dean and Olivet Church, Utica;
September 29, between Rev. Wesley W. Cole and the Church at Vernon.
October 6, 1913, Rev. B. Van Vliet Putnam over the Church at Dolgeville;
October 7, Rev. Edward I. Campbell over the Church at New Hartford;
October 13, Rev. William H. Leach over the Church at Oneida Castle;
February 11, 1914, Rev. Louis G. Colson over the Church at Camden;
April 29, Rev. Sherman W. Haven over the Church at Waterville;
June 9, Rev. Willard P. Soper over the Church at Clinton.
Ministers dismissed :
November 3, 1913, Rev. E. Floyd Rippc}' to the Presbytery of Westchester;
Rev. Julius Prochman to the Presbytery of Morris and Orange;
April 14, 1914, Rev. Henry White to the Presbytery of Mahoning;
September 29, Rev. Wesley W. Cole to the Presbytery of Steuben.
November 2, 19 13, Rev. Charles T. Henry;
March 5, 19 14, Rev. Dwight Scovel;
May 5, Rev. Oliver A. Kingsbury.
72 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
XXX. The Presbytery of "Westchester consists of sixty-three ministers and
thirty-five churches and has under its care two local evangelists, four licentiates
and nine candidaltes.
January- 20, 1914, Rev. E. Floyd Rippey from the Presbytery of Utica;
February 3, Rev. Henry Fairfield Watts on certificate of the Broadway
Tabernacle of New York and council called thereb}^;
April 20, Rev. Thomas J. Stevenson, D.D., from the Presbj^tery of Hunting-
May 22, Rev. Harry C. Meserve from the Fairfield Association of Congrega-
tional Ministers and the Rev. Royal A. Stout from the Presbytery of Phila-
June 16, Rev. Charles L. Carhart from the Presbytery of North River;
October 5, Rev. Arthur Requa from the Presbytery of Champlain;
October 6, Rev. W. T. Edds from the Presbytery of Long Island.
Candidates taken under the care of Presb^^tery:
October 6, 1914, Aubrey C. Ross, R. Irving Barnett and Andrew F. Jano-
October 5, 1914, George M. Whitmore from the Classis of Lancaster, Eastern
October 6, 1914, Robert B. Gait.
Pastoral relations dissolved:
Feburary 29, 1914, between the Rev. E. Munro Dill and the South Yonkers
July 31, between the Rev. Daniel G. Lawson and the Bryn Mawr Park
September i. between the Rev. Clarence Wells Dunham and the Mt. Kisco
October 15, between the Rev. John A I. Trout and the Greenburgh Church;
October 29, 19 13, William Y. Duncan;
April 23, 1914, Rino Venturino;
May 22, Lester H. Bent.
February 13, 1914, Rev. Henry Fairfield Watts over the Patterson Church;
May 22, Rev. Lester H. Bent over the Harrison Church;
June 4, Rev. Royal A. Stout over the South Yonkers Church:
June 12, Rev. Harry C. Meserve over the Rye Church.
April 20, 1914, the Rev. Herljcrt E. House to the Presbytery of Los Angeles;
April 23, the Rev. Rino Venturini to the Presbytery of New York;
June 16, the Rev. William Y. Duncan to the Presbytery of New York, and
the Rev. Clarence Wells Dunham to the Suffolk South Association of
A.D. 19 1 4] SYNOD OF NKW YORK
October 5, the Rev. Daniel G. Lawson to the Presbyter}- of Hudson, the Rev.
OHver C. Morse, D.D., to the Presbytery of Nassau, the Rev. Joseph H.
Robinson to the Hampshire Association of Congregational Ministers and
the Rev. Benjamin F. Parliman to the Presbytery- of Morris and Orange.
October 5, 1914, Nicola Caterino to the Presbytery of Philadelphia North.
October 6, 1914, the Larchmont Church.
Ministers 1213 Licentiates and Local Evangelists. 59
Churches 933 Candidates 143
n. CHANGES IN PRESBYTERIES
Chemung: Rev. James. A. Miller, Ph.D., Stated Clerk.
Otsego: Rev. William D. Jones, Stated Clerk.
Utica: Rev. Charles F. Kittredge, Stated Clerk.
III. WOMAN'S COMMITTEE ON HOME MISSIONS
Presbytery of Albany — Mrs. Henn,^ T. McEwen, Mrs. Lucy C. Lester, Mrs
Isaac V. W. Grant, Mrs. William J. Mihie, Mrs. A. R. Olney, Miss Mary Greene,
Mrs. E. C. Lawrence, Mrs. A. S. Brandow.
Bivghamton — Mrs. Howard Elmer, Mrs. J. J. Lawrence, Mrs. H. A. Clark,
Mrs. Laura Fish, Mrs. Walter Crombie.
Brooklyn — Mrs. G. E. Hasbrouck, Mrs. W. W. Haydcn, Miss Ellen O. Wakely.
Buffalo — Mrs. John C. Brj^ant, Mrs. Fred K. Eaton, Mrs. Louis M. Kimball,
Mrs. William H. Walker, Miss Kate E. Putnam, Mrs. Charles H. Seymour,
Mrs. Sidney McDougall.
Cayuga — Mrs. Ezra G. Huntington, Mrs. James Sejonour, Mrs. R. B. Welch,
Mrs. Henry G. Wise, Mrs. J. S. Manro, Mrs. A. M. Dulles.
Champlain — Mrs. James Cavenaugh, Mrs. F. W. Loveless, Mrs. R. M. Porter,
Mrs. Charles Knapp, Mrs. O. J. Kelley.
Chemung — Mrs. Courtland E. Carrier, Mrs. R. H. Evans, Mrs. George J.
Magee, Miss M. E. Norton, Mrs. Bentley, Mrs. G. M. Weller.
Columbia — Mrs. S. F. Henderson, Mrs. Truman Johnson, Mrs. George C.
Genesee — Mrs. O. L. C. Arnold, Mrs. W. E. Prentice.
Geneva — Mrs. Anna Herendeen, Mrs. Thompson C. Maxwell, Mrs. Benjamin
F. Pritchard, Mrs. Charles Lester.
Hudson — Mrs. George H. Bonsall, Mrs. Mary S. Marsh, Mrs. Francis S.
Haines, Mrs. Alexander Thompson.
74 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
Long Island — Miss Sara J. Adams, Miss Mary Hubbard Howell, Mrs. Epher
Whitaker, Mrs. Emily C. Hedges.
Lyons—Mrs. S. S. Peirson, Mrs. Phebe A. Vary, Mrs. D. B. McMurdy.
Nassau— Mrs. John H. Prall, Mrs. Theodore W. Smith, Miss Amelia Blyden-
New York — Mrs. Silas B. Brownell, Mrs. Henry Cole Smith, Mrs. John
Sinclair, Mrs. Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, Mrs. James Yereance, Mrs. James M'
Gifford, Mrs. James E. Ware, Mrs. Seymour M. Ballard, Mrs. Roy C. Tillinghast_
Niagara — Mrs. Claudius L. Hoag, Mrs. Robert Norton.
North River — Mrs. Morgan Carpenter, Mrs. LeRoy C. Cooley, Mrs. Frederic
Otsego— Mrs. W. D. Jones, Mrs. W. H. Wilson, Mrs. William McNair Kit-
Rochester — Mrs. Edward Bristol, Mrs. Julia M. Davis, Mrs. E. A. Webster,
Miss A. C. Barton, Mrs. E. D. Chapin, Mrs. H.M. Gilt, Mrs. F. J. Woodworth.
St. Lawrence — Mrs. H. L. Smith, Mrs. J. P. Bonney, Mrs. D. A. Ferguson,
Mrs. Rufus L. Sisson.
Steuben— Mrs. Stanley C. Swift, IVIrs. Russell M. Tuttle, Mrs. Francis A.
Syracuse — Mrs. Irving G. Vann, Mrs. E. A. Hudson, Airs. Orson L. White,
Mrs. Lucius M. Kinne, Mrs. E. L. Torbert, Mrs. F. J. Sauber.
Troy — Mrs. William V. Baker, Mrs. Edward N. Dauchy, Miss Lucy H.
Sherman, Mrs. Robert .B. Stiles, Mrs. C. L. Wells, Mrs. William E. Marden,
Miss May A. Philip, Mrs. Lewis W. Raymond, Mrs. H. J. McCune.
Utica — Mrs. J. C. Greenman, Mrs. H. H. Allen, Miss Isabel M. Terrett.
Westchester— Mrs. A. F. Avery, Miss M. C. Foster, Mrs. A. C. McMillan, Mrs.
D wight Holbrook, Mrs. William G. Arnold.
IV. TRUSTEES OF SYNOD
President — Rev. Anthony H. Evans, D.D.
Secretary — John T. D. Blackburn.
Treasurer — Edwin T. Hanford.
Terms expiring in 1915: Rev. John F. Carson, D.D., Rev. Francis S. Haines,
William Thompson, Clarence G. Seward.
Terms expiring in igi6: Rev. David G. WyHe, D.D., Rev. A. Cameron
MacKenzie, D.D., Rush Taggart, R. E. Wilcox.
Terms expiring in IQ17: Rev. Anthony H. Evans, D.D., Rev. Arthur C.
McMillan, Edwin T. Hanford, Sanford R. Knapp.
Ex-officio: Rev. Walter R. Ferris, D.D., Rev. J. Wilford Jacks, D.D., Rev.
Daniel A. P'erguson, D.D., Jolin T. D. Blackburn.
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NKW YORK 75
By action of Synod, the Trustees arc authorized and empowered to take
and receive on behalf of the Synod of New York, and in its name, for religious,
educational, benevolent or charitable purposes, such gifts, devises, bequests,
grants or conveyances of real or personal estate, as in their judgment shall be
proper, and to make such applications and provisions as in their discretion they
may deem advisable, for the purpose of carrying out and performing the trusts
upon which such gifts, devises, bequests, grants or conveyances may be received.
FURM OF BEQUEST
I give and bequeath to the Synod of New York (of the Presbyterian Church
in the United States of America) incorporated under the laws of the State of
New York, the sum of dollars, to be held or expended by the trustees
of said Synod, in conformity with the provisions of said Laws, and the By-laws
of said Synod.
V. SUCCESSION OF MODERATORS
Name Presbytery Place
1882. *Henry a. Nelson, D.D., Convener Geneva Utica
1882. *HowARD Crosby, D.D New York Utica
1883. James McLeod, D.D Buffalo New^ York
1884. *JoHN McC. Holmes, D.D Albany Buffalo
1885. *L. INIerrill Miller, D.D St. Lawrence Troy
1886. *Joseph E. Nassau, D.D Genesee Elmira
1887. *Charles C. Wallace, D.D Boston Auburn
1888. *T. Ralston Smith, D.D Buffalo SjTacuse
1889. *Samuel Jessup, D.D Utica Poughkeepsie
1890. Andrew V. V. Raymond, D.D Albany Lockport
1891. Asa S. Fiske, D.D Cayuga Watertown
1892. *Levi Parsons, D.D Rochester Albany
1893. *James Gardner, D.D Albany Rochester
1894. George C. Yeisley, D.D Columbia New York
1895. Howard Duffield, D.D New York Binghamton
1896. R.\LPH E. Prime, LL.D. (Elder) Westchester Brooklyn
1897. *JosEPH G.\mble, D.D Champlain Utica
1898. A. Cameron Mackenzie, D.D Binghamton Elmira
1899. J.A.MES H. Robinson, D.D Otsego Troy
1900. David G. Wylie, D.D New York Geneva
1901 . *WiLLiAM Waith, Ph.D Buffalo Buffalo
1902. *WiLLiAM K. Hall, D.D North River Albany
1903. *WiLLiAM Isl. Johnson, D.D .Troy Ithaca
1904. Dana W. Bigelow, D.D Utica Middletown
1905. Isaac Jennings, D.D Chemung Syracuse
76 SYKOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
1906. Anthony H. Evans, D.D New York Lockport
1907. *Samuel W. Pratt, D.D Steuben Brooklyn
1908. John F. Carson, D.D Brooklyn Kingston
1909. *WiLLis J. Beecher, D.D Cayuga Johnstown
19 10. James Robertson St. Lawrence Rochester
1911. Martin D. Kneeland, D.D Boston Auburn
1912. Henry Ward, D.D Buffalo Gouverneur
1913. E. Van Dyke Wight, D.D Hudson Auburn
1914. Walter Rockwood Ferris, D.D Syracuse Aliddletown
VI. STANDING RULES
The annual meetings of Synod shall begin on the third Tuesday of October
at half past seven o'clock, p. m. The officers of Synod shall be a Moderator
to be chosen at the beginning of each annual meeting; a Stated Clerk, a Perma-
nent Clerk, and a Treasurer, each of whom shall be chosen for a term of five
years, and such Temporary Clerks as shall be chosen at each annual meeting.
In case of vacancy in the office of Stated Clerk, Permanent Clerk or Treasurer,
which shall occur by reason of resignation, death, removal from the bounds of
Synod, or from membership of the Presbj^tery or Church in the Synod, the
Moderator, or if he be inaccessible, the last elected Moderator shall appoint,
ad interim a minister or elder to the vacant office, who shall hold the same until
Synod shall fill the office. In case any officer of Synod shall by sickness, absence,
or other^\'ise, be incapacitated from performance of the duties of his office, a
minister or elder shall, in like manner, be appointed to perform the duties of the
office until the incapacity shall end or until Synod shall take action.
The Moderator and the Stated and Permanent Clerks shall be a standing
Committee to report, from year to year, on the place of the next meeting, which
shall be designated prior to the adjournment, and a Committee of Arrangements
shall be appointed, who shall provide suitable accommodations for the Synod
and entertainment for its members, recommend the limits of the daily sessions,
and propose arrangements for popular meetings.
The Stated Clerk of the Synod shall be a member of the Committee of Arrange-
ments for every meeting of Synod. The first order of business, on the second
day of the meeting of Synod, after the appointment of Committees, shall be the
hearing of and action upon reports of officers of Synod and of special Committees
appointed at previous meetings of Synod.
The morning sessions of the Synod shall be opened with devotional services
to be continued not less than half an hour.
A.D. 191 4] SYNOD OF XKW YORK 77
Each Presbytery shall, at its stated meeting next preceding the meeting of
the Synod, and if possible, not later than two weeks before such meeting, elect
the number of delegates to which it is entitled, together with an equal number of
alternates as prescribed by the organic rule under which the Synod is constituted,
"The Synod of New York shall be composed of equal delegations of Ministers
and Ruling Elders from the several Presbyteries in the following proportion:
Each PresbN-tery, the number of whose ministers and Churches added together,
is not more than twenty, shall send one Minister and one Elder and so in like
proportion for every twenty Ministers and Churches added together, or for any
remaining fraction thereof, not less than one-half: Provided that no Presbytery
shall be entitled to send more than ten Ministers and ten Elders."
The Stated Clerk of each Presbytery, immediately after the election, shall
send to the Stated Clerk of the Synod a certified list of the delegates and alter-
nate delegates chosen by the Presbytery to represent it at the Synod. When
alternate delegates appear in place of their principals, such delegates shall re-
port in person to the Clerks of the Synod before their names shall be substituted
upon the roU.
Duplicate lists of delegates and alternates shall be sent promptly by the
Stated Clerks of the Presbyteries to the Chairman of the Committee of Arrange-
The Stated and Permanent Clerks shall have the privileges of the floor and
the chairman of the committees, appointed at a previous session to report to the
S^Tiod, shall be entitled to participate in debate when their reports are under
Ministers of other Synods, and of bodies in correspondence with the General
Assembly, may be elected corresponding members, and the members nominating
them shall report immediately to the Stated Clerk, in writing, the names of such
ministers in full, their Synodical or equivalent ecclesiastical relations and their
post office addresses.
In case of the failure of the Moderator, the Annual Meeting shall be opened
with a sermon by a minister of the Synod designated by the Committee of Arrange-
A complete roll of the Ministers and Churches of each Presbytery, and a
Statistical Report and History of its Acts and Changles for the year preceding,
as required by the form of Government, Chap. X, Sec. 9, shall be sent by its
78 SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
Stated Clerk to the Stated Clerk of the Synod, as soon as practicable after the
Fall Stated Meeting of the Presbytery; and the statistical reports shall be
printed in the Appendix to the minutes.
The following Standing Committees shall be appointed by the Moderator
at every annual meeting:
1 . Bills and Overtures.
2. Judicial Business.
3. Minutes of General Assembly.
5. Leave of Absence.
6. To nominate Woman's Synodical Committee on Home Missions.
7. To nominate Trustees of the Synod.
8. On the Records of the several Presbyteries.
9. To collate the Reports on Presbyterian Records.
10. In every year of even numbers a Committee to nominate the Permanent
Committees for the ensuing two years, as follows: I. Religious Education.
II. Home Missions. III. Foreign Missions. IV. Education. V. Church
Erection. VI. Ministerial Relief. VII. Missions to Freedmen. VIII. Aid
for Colleges. IX. Sabbath Observance. X. Temperance. vSuch permanent
committees to consist each of four ministers and three ruling elders.
In all cases not otherwise provided for by its own regulations, the Synod
shall be governed in its proceedings by the General Rules of Judicatories appended
to the Form of Government, as amended by the General Assembly.
All papers intended for the Synod or its Committees shall be delivered to the
Stated Clerk, and reported by him before being referred.
The Stated Clerk shall have authority to print in the minutes, abstracts
of extended reports, excepting those portions which contain resolutions or recom-
mendations adopted by the Synod.
To provide for the necessary expenses of the Synod, the several Presby-
teries shall furnish, annually, amounts proportioned to the number of their com-
municants, according to a rate per capita determined at the previous meetings
of the Synod. And if no action has been taken the rate shall be seven mills
for each communicant .
These sums shall \>v (kic ami ])ayablc to the Treasurer on the first of October,
when the Synod's fiscal year sliall terminate.
A.D. 1914] SYXOD or m:\v vork 79
The Treasurer shall be authorised to pay the salaries and the traveling ex-
penses of the Stated and Permanent Clerks in attending the sessions of the vSynod;
and all charges incurred under the standing orders or special resolutions of the
SjTiod, upon the certificate of the Stated Cleric. His accounts and vouchers
shall be presented at the annual meeting, and shall be audited Ijv the Committee
\'acancies occurring between the annual sessions of the Synod in any of its
committees may be filled ad interim h\ the Moderator.
An Executive Commission shall be appointed of which the Moderator of the
Synod shall be chairman ex-officio, one minister and one elder shall be appointed
annually hereafter to serve for three years. The work of this Commission shall
be along the lines of the Executive Commission of the General Assembly, as far
as applicable to the work of our Synod.
The Minutes of the Synod shall be printed, under the direction of the Stated
Clerk, as soon as practicable, after the adjournment; and a copy shall be sent
to every minister, to every elder, and to the Session of each vacant church, within
the bounds, severally, of those Presbyteries whose apportionments for Synodical
expenses have been paid.
(i) All committees of Sjmod shall report in writing, and all reports of perma-
nent Committees and of Special Committees appointed at one meeting of Synod,
to report at a later meeting, shall be placed in the hands of the Stated Clerk, at
least twenty days before the annual meeting of Synod; such reports shall be
printed by the Stated Clerk in a Blue Book, to be ready at the place of meeting
six hours before the meeting, and distributed to the delegates as they enroll;
such reports shall not be read on the Floor of Synod unless ordered by Synod
and shall be abstracted and not printed in full in the minutes; the action of
Synod thereon to be printed and such abstracts therefrom as may be necessary
to show the action of Synod.
(2) The Committee on Synodical Missions shall print its own report as
Part II of the Blue Book and have the same in the hands of "the Stated Clerk for
distribution at the time and manner above provided as to the Blue Book.
The clerks shall furnish to each delegate on his enrollment a uniform card
to be filled up by him and delivered to the clerks, which shall state his name,
name of his Presbytery, the day of his enrollment and such othe*" information
as to the clerks may be convenient. Such cards shall constitute a duplicate roll
for use of the clerks and of Svnod.
8o SYNOD OF NEW YORK [Appendix
The roll shall not be called during meetings of Sj-nod, except only the final
roll call, unless Synod shall otherwise direct.
Twenty-three deaths among the ministers of this Synod have been reported
during the past ecclesiastical year. Among this number we record the names of
those who have not only been eminent in their profession, but have attained great
age. Rev. Messrs. William Waith, Ph.D., Washington Frothingham, George B.
Spalding, D.D., Edward Bristol, Alvin Cooper, Henry B. Chapin, D.D., Dwight
Scovel, Wallace W. Thorpe, Edward G. Thurber, D.D., Josiah E. Kittredge, D.D.,
Peter Z. Easton. Alany of them had passed four score years, some having passed
their ninetieth birthday. Several were sticken down during the activities of middle
life, James A. Anderson, Allan Douglas Carlisle, D.D., William C. Brass,
Cornelius S. Stowitts, D.D., James R. Robinson. The well known names of
Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., Oliver A. Kingsbury, Rockwood McQuesten, D.D., John
M. Waddell, D.D. appear. The ranks of young men have also been invaded in the
removal of Rev. Gurdon H. Eggleston, Charles T. Henry, Pedro Gil Jaca.
These all have wrought well their part, accomplishing much in the vineyard of
the Lord and have now entered into their eternal reward.
VIII. CHAIRMEN OF SPECIAL COMMITTEES
.1. Arrangements — Rev. Stanley U. Mock.
2. Place of Meeting in 1916— Rev. Walter Rockwood Ferris, D.D.
3. Divorce and Remarriage — Elder Ralph E. Prime, LL.D.
IX. PERMANENT COMMITTEES
I. Religious Education. Ministers — Robert Wells Veach, Harris B.
Stewart, Leo A. Gates, Guy L. Morrill; Elders — David Dempsey, Augustus
Denniston, Charles P. Mosher.
II. Home Missions. Ministers — Charles G. Ellis, James A. McWilliams,
Horace T. Chadsey, Murray H. Gardner; Elders — -John A. Murray, Henry Cole
Smith, William B. Hills.
III. Foreign Missions. Ministers — Charles McKenzie, William H.
Hopkins, William C. Spicer, William L. Sawtelle; Elders — John T. D. Blackburn,
James W. McMartin, Paul Cook.
IV. Church Erection. Ministers — Frank M. Kerr, Samuel H. Seem,
Charies E. Craven, George H. Feltus; Elders—]. Cari Schmuck, John H. Prall,
Edwin W. Rowley.
V. Education. Ministers — R. Lew Williams, Gerard B, F. Hallock, Theo-
dore M. Carlisle, James A. Miller, Arthur H. Limouze, John J. MacDonald;
Elders— E. B. Russell, J. C. Fisher, A. P. Storrs.
VI. Ministerial Relief. Ministers — George C. Yeisley, Christopher G.
Hazard, Henry A. Porter; Elders — Charles S. Butler, Edward W. Ibbotson, Edgar
C. Leonard, Roljert Cluett.
A.b. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK 81
VII. Freedmen: Ministers — Arthur J. W;uij,'h, Anthony M. Peterson, John
R. Mackay, William A. Byrd; Elders— LcKoy C. Cooly, V. A. D. Reed, Benjamin
VIII. College Aid. Ministers — John C. Ball, Frederick W. Palmer, Allan
.Macy Dulles, A. Cameron MacKenzie; Elders — Rathbun J. Hunt, C. C. vSwan,
H. N. Daggett.
IX. Temfer.\nce. Ministers — Ebenezer B. McGhee, William W. Weller,
Edwin H. Dickinson, John W. Ross; Elders — Lewis D. Collins, H. Ojgood
Holland, J. B. Scoville.
X. Lord's Day Observance. Ministers — William P. Swartz, John F.
Carson, William P. Stevenson, Arthur Newman; Elders — Henry W. Jossup,
George W. Banks, Winthrop S. Oilman.
XI. Presbyterian Brotherhood. Ministers — Carl W. vScovel, John J.
Lawrence, Jonathan C. Day, Albert C. Fulton; Elders — Lucius L. Van vSlyke,
Albert P. McOraw, Samuel B. Van Buren.
XII. Executive Commission. Ministers — Walter Rockwood Ferris, Allan
Mac3^ Dalles, David G. WyUe, George B. Stewart; Elders — William McCarrell,
Rush Taggart, H. B. Woodward.
XIII. Synodical Missions. Elders— G. P. Conard, D. C. Hurd, W. N.
Wheeler, Edgar C. Leonard, Hon. W. S. Bennett, James N. Wyckoff; Ministers —
Henry T. McEwen, George S. Webster, J. Howard Hobbs, W. R. Ferris, Charles
O. Ellis, V. N. Yergin, George Fairlee, U. L. Mackey.
SYNOD OF NEW YORK
X. THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Synod of New York
Champlain . .
Chemung . . .
Columbia . . .
Long Island. .
New York . ,
North Laos .
North River .
Porto Rico . .
10400 6354 7015756 5680
A.D. 1914] SYNOD OF NEW YORK
XI. THE SYNOD OF NEW YORK
Absence, Report on Leave of - - - - - - - 50
Absent at Adjournment without leave - - - - - - 51
American Tract Society - - - - - - -31
Arrangements, Report of Committee of - - - - - - 8
" Committee of, for 1915 ..... 80
Bible Society, Address on - - - - - - - -31
Bills and Overtures, Report of Committee on - - - - 38
Bills ordered to be paid - - - - - - - - 4^
Chairmen of Special Committees ...... 80
Church Erection, Report on - - - ' - - - - 21
Clerks, Temporary, elected ...-.-- 8
College Aid, Report on - - - - - - - - 24
Committees, Permanent .------- 80
" Standing - - . - - - - - - 9
Cornell University Student Pastor Contract ----- 47
Deceased Ministers -------- - 80
Divorce and Remarriage. Report on - - - - - - 12
Education, Report on - - - - - - - 3i,35
Every Member Canvass -------- 45
Executive Commission - - - - - - -3ii35
Finance Committee, Report of - - - - - - - 32
Foreign Missions, Report on ...--- - 26
Freedmen, Report on - - - - - - - - 23
General Assembly, Report on Minutes of - - - - - - 50
Home Missions, Report on - - - - - - - I9
" Women's Committee on - - - - - 4^1 73
LaFayette College - - - - - - " - 38
Leave of Absence, Report on - - - - - ■ - 5o
Lord's Day, Report on Observance of - - - - - - 27
Lord's Supper - - - - - - ■ ' - 12, 31
Ministerial Relief, Report and Address on - - - - - 22
Minutes of General Assembly, Report on - - - - - "50
Moderator Elected ...----- 8
Moderator, Sermon of - - - - - . " ' '3
Moderators, Succession of -----"' 75
Necrology - .- - - - - ' ' ' ' ^^
Next Meeting, Report on Place of - - - - - - ' 7
Officers of the Synod ..------ 2
Papers referred - - - - - ' " - 12
Permament Committees -----■' 46-80
Place of Meeting in 19 1 5, Report on - - - - - - '7
Presbyteries, Approval of Records of
Changes in Officers of -
Committees on Records of
Records not presented
Statistical Reports of
Presbyterian Brotherhood ....
Presbyterian United Movement, Conference thereon
Religious Education, Report on and Conference
Roll of the Synod - - - - .
Sabbath Observance, Report on - - -
Standing Committees - - - .
Discharged - - . .
Standing Rules - - - . .
Statistical Reports of Presbyteries
Student Work in Non- Presbyterian Colleges
Succession of Moderators - - - -
Summary of Statistical Reports
Snyodical Missions, Committee on -
Report on, and Addresses
Treasurer of and General Secretary
Temperance Resolution - - - _ .
Temporary Clencs elected - - - . .
Thanks, Resolution of -
Treasurer of Synod, Report of - - - .
Trustees of the Synod - - . - .
Woman's Committee on Home Missions -
" Report on -