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Full text of "Minutes of the fiftieth annual session of the Central Baptist Association (Ala.) 1894"

ALABAMA BAPTJSt fflSTORlCAL SOOEIX 



MINUXES 



-OF THE- 



FIFTIETH ANNUAL SESSION 



-OF THE 



CEHRfll BapTlST flSSOCWTIOII, 



HELD WITH 



.ebanon Baptist Church, Hlmore County. Ala., 



October 8rd. 4th and 5th. 1894. 



OS^^'ICEiaS: 



L H. HASTIE, Moderator Marble Valley, Ala. 

E. S. MARTljr, Clerk ' Equality, 

T.J. PENNINGTON Rockford. 



The next session of the Central Baptist Association will be held 
with Rockford Church, Rockford, Coosa County, Ala., 
beginning on Wednesday before the first Sunday in 
October, 1895. To preach the Introductory 
Sermon, Elder J. M. Johnson; alter- 
nate, Elder C.J. Bentley. 



MONTGOMEKY, ALA.: 
ALABAMA PRINTING COMPANY, 
1894. 



MINUTES. 



BuYCK, Ala., Oct. 3, 1894. 

The Central Baptist Association, in its fiftieth annual session, assembled 
with Lebanon Baptist Church, Elmore County, Ala., on Wednesday, Octo- 
ber 3, 1894. 

The introductory sermon was preached by Eld. Wm. B. Harmon, at 11 
o'clock a. m. Text, "For the love of Christ constraineth us." — 2. Cor. 5. 
chapter, 14th verse. 

An intermission was then given for dinner and all invited to partake of 
the bountiful repast. 

Afternoon Session. 

At 1 o'clock p. m. the Association assembled and was called to order by 
the Moderator, who requested all to join in singing "Come let us join our 
cheerful songs," then led the body in prayer. 

The letters from the churches were then collected and brethren O. C. 
Swiudall and T. J. Pennington were requested to read. From the reading of 
the letters it appeared that the following named brethren were the duly 
accredited messengers from the churches: 

FIRST DISTRICT. 

Alexander City — Elder Geo. E. Brewer. 

Bethesda— Eld. D. S. Martin, B. F. Harris, A. T. Tucker, G. T. Wilbanks. 

Liberty— C. P. Woodall. 

New Hope — H. B, Young. 

Union— S. F. Thomas, N. S. Smith, W. H. Gay, 

Mt. Zion— J. A. Keel. 

New Providence— J. L. Jones, J. J. Talton. 

County Line — B. T. Howie, Jas. A. Tbreadgill, Thos. Smith. 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Tallassee — Represented by letter. 

Friendship— R. T. Reeves, A. D. Harden, J. L. Boatwright. 

Refuge— Charlie Taylor, Knivens Canedy. 

Eclectic— S. D. Hickman, Thos. Wall, Thos. Avant. 

Bethlehem— B. F. Wright, Benj. Martin. 

Santuck— H. M Thornton, H. S. Waddell, W. J. Johnson. 

Beulah— J. W. Levins, J. B. Bachelor, A. C. Swiudall. 

Pleasant Hill— Thos. E. Brown. 

Harmony— D. F. Avant, W. H. Colley, J. H. Cooper, Eld. J. H. Colley. 

THIRD DISTRICT. 

Concord— R. S. Penton, J. C. Moseley, H. F. Gilliland. 
Providence— J. H. Vance, L. G. Killgore, D. D. Cannon. 
Wayside— R. M. Murchison, J. B. Funderburk, J. H. Collins. 
Hatchett Creek — R. C. Hardy. 

Shady Grove— F. M. Allen, W. T. Penton, J. R. Embry. 
Olive Branch — Sidney Deloach, J. D. Hand. 

Antioch-Eld. T. A. Kelley, J. H. Hickman, J. W. Anthony, J, D. 
Richardson . 
Lebanon— Eld. C. J. Bentley, T. P. Moon, W. J. Ruffin, L. A, Ruffin. 
Town Creek— A. T. Stanley, Geo. W, Davis, Geo. W. Ward. 
Pleasant Bjdge— G. C. Floyd, Clarence Bush. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Goodwater — O. P. Bentley, J. L. Sanders. 

Shiloh— W. S. Selman, J. E. Pinson, J. A. Thomas. 

Mt. Olive— A. P. Waldrop 

Union Springs— Eld. L H. Hastie, R. C. Waters. 

Salem— E. N. Little. J. D. Huehes, W. R. Miller. 

Macedonia— J. V. Clifton, W.^H. Tant, W. B. Dunlap. 

Poplar Springs — M. L. Allman, Jas- M. Conaway, M. T. Conaway. 

Rockford — T. J. Pennington, J. W. Ledbetter, Henry Norrell . 

The body then proceeded to the election of officers by ballot, resulting in 
the re-election of Eld. L. H. Hastie as Moderator, D. S. Martin, Clerk, and 
T. J. Pennington, Treasurer. 

Visiting brethren were invited to seats. 

The following committees were appointed to report during the session : 

On Finance and Auditing — O. P. Bentley, J. C. Moseley, J. H. Hickman. 
On Religious Exercises — S. D. Hickman and the pastor and delegates of 
Lebanon church. 
On Correspondence— F. M. Allen, W. H. Colley, R. C. Waters. 
On Nominations— S. F. Thomas, D. F. Avant, H. B. Young. 
On Documents and Requests — B. T. Howie, W. R. Miller, .T. E. Pinson. 

The Rules of Decorum were read. The calling of the roll deferred till 
morning. 
Called for correspondence and received: 

From Montgomery Association. Bro. Jno. G. Harris, representing the 
Alabama Baptist ond Orphan's Home. 
Jrom Coosa River Association — Elders J. R Steeley and C. H. Morgan. 

The Treasurer's report was read and referred to the committee on Finance. 
Committee on Religious Exercises reports as follows : 

Devotional exercises at 8:30 to-morrow a. m., conducted by Bro. 0. P. 
Bentley. Preaching at 11 a. m. by Eld. Geo. E. Brewer, and at night by Eld. 
L. H. Hastie. 



SECOND DAY. 

MORNING SESSION — OCTOBER 4TH. 

After the devotional exercises, conducted by Bro. 0. P. Bentley, the body 
assembled at the arbor and was called to order by the Moderator. Prayer 
by Eld. J. R. Steeley. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and approved. 

The roll was called and corrected. 

The report on Religious Literature was read and ably discussed by Jno. G. 
Harris and Elders Geo. E. Brewer and C. J. Bentley, then adopted as 
follows: 

REPORT ON RELIGIOUS LITERATURE. 

We, your committee appointed on Religious Literature, beg leave to sub- 
mit the following: 

We respectfully recommend the careful and prayerful reading of the Bible 
as the best literature. We also encourage the reading of the Alabama 
Baptist in preference to any other religious paper, as it is the organ of the 
Baptist State Convention. And for our Sunday-schools we recommend the 
literature of the Southern Baptist Convention as being most suitable. We 



3 

would also earnestly recommend that our brethren, especially our pastors, 
read the "Foreign Mission Journal and Our Home Field," that they may 
become familiar with our work among other people. 
All of which we respectfully recommend. J. H. Collet, 

A. D. Bentley, 

W. R. MiLLEK, 

Committee. 

The report on State Missions was read by Eld. Geo. E. Brewer, who pro- 
ceeded to discuss the same, followed by J. G. Harris, then adopted as 
follows: 

REPORT ON STATE MISSIONS. 

Since the last meeting of the association the work of the State Board of 
Missions has been increased by putting that of ministerial education in its 
hands. The Board now has charge of missions in the State, colportage 
work, ministerial education, and the collection of funds for the Home and 
Foreign Boards. 

The mission and book departments were moved respectively from 
Marion and Opelika last December to Montgomery, and are now with the 
Alabama Baptist, in the same building. The consolidation has worked 
well, and lessened the current expenses. Bro. Crumpton, the secretary, 
having an interest in the paper, has been enabled to travel more and yet 
at less expense. 

MISSIONS AND COLPORTAGE. 

The Board was, by the late convention at Marion, advised to decrease the 
number of missionary pastors, and increase the number of evangelists and 
missionary colporters as fast as can be done. It is regarded as desirable to 
secure missionary colporters for all the associations as soon as may be done, 
of which there are seventy-five in the State. There are now nine such. It 
is also desired to increase the permanent colportage fund, and the associa- 
tions are asked to send contributions for this purpose. There are two 
general evangelists. 

WORK DONE. 

The report of the Secretary shows that in all there have been employed 
45 men. They have given 4,233 days service; traveled 25,083 miles; delivered 
1,792 sermons; 499 addresses; constituted 4 churches, and organized 27 
Sunday-schools; there have been baptized by them and in connection with 
their labors 333 ; received by letter 318, and restored 20. Quite an amount 
of other work has been done in distributing religious literature, collecting 
mission funds, and funds for building meeting houses, and securing sub- 
scribers to denominational papers. 

The secretary says a larger number of churches and Sunday-schools are 
taking monthly collections than ever before, and more individuals are 
adopting the plan of tithing their incomes in the belief that God requires 
it. The collections for the eight months between the two sessions of the 
convention are within $300 of that of the year before, notwithstanding the 
great stringency. The collections for State work were $4,869.28, and ex- 
penditures $4,762.75. 

BOOK DEPARTMENT. 

Resources on hand Nov. 1, 1893 $2980 97 

Contributions from churches 154 55 

Contributions from A. B. P. Society 151 95 

Total recources $3287 47 

Present resources $2764 40 

Total sales , 4313 66 

Total expenses 1145 85 



MINISTERIAL EDUCATION. 

As this is now a part of the work of the State Board of Missions, it will 
be proper here to refer to it. When this work was turned over to the Board 
there came with it a debt. That has been provided for, and the current ex- 
penditure for the year closed has been met, except about $2C0 due Howard 
College. There were nineteen ministerial students in Howard College, six- 
teen of whom received aid from the Board. Two were at high schools and 
five at the seminary. The churches ought to give more liberally to this 
cause, so as not to leave the faculty to bear a loss after giving their labor 
free of charge. Let the churches all take a collection for this object in 
September and February, the months of the commencement of each term, 
when the payments are due. 

orphan's home. 

This new enterprise is a part of our State work, and in the absence of 
a special committee to report upon it, your committee deem it wise to call 
the attention of the churches to it. 

This work was set on foot last year, and by the consecrated energy of Bro. 
Stewart and his helpers, it has already accomplished a good work, and its 
success may be regarded as assured. A home has been purchased, consist- 
ing of a handsome brick residence of ten rooms, with good brick out-houses, 
and eighty acres of land, costing $5,000, in three installments. The first 
payment has been made. The second falls due January 1, 1895. Thirty- 
four children had been received into the Home by July 1, 1894. Two of the 
boys and one girl have been adopted into families, leaving thirty-one in- 
mates at the Home. Every care is taken of them, and they receive the 
watchcare andj training of a real home. This is certainly a noble work in 
caring for these unfortunate, parentlesa children, and there will doubtless 
go from this home men and women who will rise up to bless the generous 
hearts that have cared for thera in their need. From among thtm may 
come some who will be a benediction to the churches and State. 

The Florida property, donated to the Home by Mrs, M. L. B. Wondson,has 
been conveyed to the Board of Managers, so that they now have it in pos- 
session, instead of having to await the death of the donor, as was at first 
the condition of the gift. It consists of an orarige grove, and has been 
leased out. 

The collections for the Home from Nov. 1, 1893, to June 30, 1894, were 
$3,164.93, and gifts in furniture, provisions, etc., amounting to $339 85. Of 
this amount there has been paid on the Home $1,667; current expenses, 
$1,693.35. 

The Home is located at Evergreen, Ala., and Rev. J W. Stewart is the 
financial agent, to whom all communications and contributions should be 
sent. 

We thus see that a good work is being done by our Board, and with larger 
resources much more could be done to build up the wastes and strengthen 
the things that remain. Brethren, let us all give more largely to our de- 
nominational work, that good may be done by us in our day, leaving the 
world better off by our having lived in it. And let us remember God has 
said "the liberal soul shall be made fat." Geo. E. Bkewer, 

T. S Christian, Sr., 
L. M. Thomas, 

Committee. 

The Moderator announced that the hour for preaching had arrived, and 
the body gave way to the preaching service 

Brother Brewer proceeded to the sfand and preached an able sermon 
from the text "For if thou, altogether boldest thy peace at this time then 
shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another 
place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed, and who know- 
eth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this," 
Esther 4 chapter, 14 verse. 



At the close of the sermon a collection was taken for missions, amount- 
ing to $18.40. 
The body then adjourned to 1:30 o'clock p m. 

AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The body met pursuant to adjournment. 

A motion prevailed that Bro. Brewer furnish the sermon preached at 
11 o'clock to the Alabama Baptist for publication. 

The report on Home Missions, read by Eld. Wm. B. Harmon, and 
adopted, as follows: 

REPORT ON HOME MISSIONS. 

We, your committee, appointed at the last session of this body, beg leave 
to submit the following: 

This work divides itself into three departments: First, work among the 
foreign population. The Board has missions among the Germans in Mary- 
land, Kentucky, Missouri and Texas, and among the French in Missouri 
and Louisiana. 

While the progress of this work is slow, because of religions imbibed 
in their native lands, yet when done it is permanent. 

The majority of converts among them exhibit a devotion to the Master's 
work, and a liberality that puts to shame the average Baptist of Anglo- 
Saxon birth. 

The work of the Board among the Indians has always been confined to 
the Indian Territory. This work has been so successful, and so long con- 
tinued, that it has now closely approximated in character and conditions 
our work among the white people of the frontier. The^-e are now in the 
Indian Territory 16 associations, 301 churches and 13,844 members. 

Our work in Cuba still exhibits the same features of interest which have 
characterized it from the beginning, there is the clearest indication that 
it is breaking the hold which the Catholics have so long held upon the 
spiritual and temporal interests of that people. We can say, judging from 
letters from Bro. Diaz, that the work was never so prosperous as it is now. 

From its very organization the convention has been interested in the 
wellfare of the Negro. A resolution passed by the body that drafted the 
Constitution in 1845, read as follows: Resolved, That the Domestic Mis- 
sion Board be instructed to take all prudent measures for the religious 
instruction of our colored population. From that time to the present the 
needs of this people have claimed a large share of the thought and inter- 
est of this body. 

Our own native white population is after all the greatest mission field 
of the Board. It is greater, not only in number, to be reached, but in 
the world-wide influence that will result from its evangelization. 

This country inhabited by this restless, aggressive, enterprising, grasp- 
ing Anglo-Saxon race, is the greatest mission field of the globe. To sub- 
ject it to the will of the Master, is to provide for the speedy conquest of 
the world. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Wm. B. Harmon. 

The report on Foreign Missions was read by Bro. T. J. Pennington and 
discussed by Elds. Geo. E. Brewer, C. J. Bentley, D. S. Martin, C. H. Morgan 
and J. H. Col ley. 

Pending the adoption of the above report, the churches were asked to say 
what amount they would try to raise during the next year for all of our 
denominational enterprises, and responded as follows. (*See close of 
minutes.) 

The report on Foreign Missions was then adopted, as follows: 



REPORT ON FOREIGN MISSIONS. 

The Conventional year ending April 30, 1894, has, under all the circum- 
stances, been very satisfactory in the work done by our Foreign Board. The 
new secretary, Dr. R. J. Willingham, has shown himself well fitted for the 
important work committed to him. 

On account of protracted sickness, several of the missionaries have spent 
part of the year in the United States. Most of them have, however, returned. 
Bro. C. C. Newton and family have returned to Africa; Miss Lottie Moon 
and Mrs. Yates to China and Bro. Bagby and wife to Brazil. In a few 
months after her return, Sister Yates died on the field, where so much of her 
live has been spent. Eleven new missionaries have been sent out; Bro. 
J. B. Hartwell and wife, Peyton Stephens and wife, and K. H. Raudle and 
wife, to China; Bro. M. Gassaway and Sister Ida Hayes to Mexico, and S. 
J. Porter and wife, R. E. Neighbors and Jos. Aden to Brazil. Seven new 
ones have been accepted for China, and will sail for their fields as rapidly as 
the means of the Board will allow. Seven have had to give up their work 
from diflferent fields on account of health, and two have severed their con- 
nection with Convention work. Quite recently, because of threats against 
his life for a tract written, showing the workings of Romanism in Mexico, 
Bro. Mosely has had to leave Mexico. 

KESOUECES AND WOKK. 

The resources at the command of the Board for the year were $106,332.69, 
equal to any former year, except two, and one of them the Centennial. An 
indebtednes^s had accumulated amounting to $30,000. The Board is not to 
be blamed, for the Convention directed the Board against diminution of 
the work, but rather said go forward. A vigorous effort was made at the 
Convention to liquidate this debt, and about two-thirds of the amount was 
pledged. But we regret to say all the pledges have not been met. The 
Board justly complains that while the payments to the missionaries must be 
regularly paid, most of the funds are contributed just before the conven- 
tional year expires. The last day of the past year, as much was paid in the 
, last day as for the first four.months. This forces the Board to borrow money 
and a large interest debt is thus added, amounting sometimes to $1,500. 
Your Committee would urge upon the churches monthly collections for the 
Boards. If all the churches would do this, in the course of the year double 
the amount would be raised, and the interest paid out would go to the sup- 
port of workers. 

The Women's Missionary Societies have raised during the year $23,514.99, 
or nearly one-fourth of the whole amount, thus showing how much can be 
done by littles regularly contributed. 

STATISTICS. 

In Italy there are 18 missionaries, 17 churches, 372 members, 38 baptisms, 
121 Sunday-school scholars, and $395 contributed to missions. 

In China — 38 missionaries. 13 churches, 1077 members, 122 baptisms, 335 
Sunday-school scholars, $1,580.52 contributions to missions. 

In Africa — 13 missionaries, 5 churches, 166 members, 24 baptisms, 170 Sun- 
day-school scholars, contributions $123.50. 

In Brazil — 21 missionaries, 11 churches, 519 members, 159 baptisms, $1,230 
contributions. 

In Mexico — 35 missionaries, 37 churches, 1,163 members, 277 baptisms, 375 
Sunday-school scholars, $2,600.25 contributions. 

In Japan~4 missionaries, 1 church, 31 members, 9 baptisms, 1,500 Sun- 
day-school scholars, contributions $15.00. 

Besides the missionaries there are quite a number of native workers. Our 
foreign work is full of life and prosperity. 

ENCOURAGEMENTS. 

It would be a surprise if among peoples of another language, of different 
habits, and holding a religion long cherished by their people, that strange 
missionaries of a different civilization, and only temporarily among them. 



should approximate the converts in a Christian land where everything is 
favorable. But how great the surprise when the percentage of converts in 
heathen lands far surpasses that in Christian lands. In the last conventional 
year there where added by baptism to the churches of our missions in Italy 
nearly 11 per cent, in Brazil 35.1, Mexico 27 3, Japan 37, Africa 16.6, China 
13, or taking all together an average of 23 ppr cent. In contrast with this, in 
Alabama during 1893, characterized by gracious revivals, there was only 
6 1-6 per cent, in the great Baptist State of Georgia 6}4 per cent, and in the 
United States 5 per cent, or only a little more than one-fifth as large. 

CONTKIBUTIONS. 

In contributions to foreign mission work, China gave an average per 
member of $1.45, Africa $0 74, Italy $1.06, Brazil $ 2.37, Mexico $2.23, Japan 
$0.48, or a general average of $2 08. In contrast with this, Alabama Baptists, 
numbering over 100,000, gave $7 497.71. Had they given as our hpathen 
brethren gave, the amount raised in Alabama would have been $216,320 
Our Association gave $100 Had we done as well aa these heathen brethren 
we would have given $5,863.52. 

Complaint is made sometimes of the cost incurred in carrying on the 
work. The cost the past year was only 8.7 percent. This is remarkably 
small. Hardly any business is carried on at so small a cost. 

Brethren, let us inform ourselves better upon this great work the Master 
has committed to us, complain less, thank God more for his blessings upon 
our work, and contribute more liberally toward it, and we shall be happier 
and God more honored. T. J. Pennington, 

Chairman. 

Eld. J. H. CoUey appointed to conduct devotional exercises. 
The body then adjourned to 9 o'clock Friday morniiig. 



THIRD DAY. 

MORNING SESSION — OCTOBER 5tH. 

After devotional exercises conducted by Eld. J. H. Coiley, the body was 
called to order by the Moderator. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings read and approved. 

Bro. Hastie preached in the church house last night from the text "And 
be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of 
the hope that is in you, with meakness and fear." Ist Pet., 3d chapter, 15 
verse. 

The report on Bible and Colportage Work was read by Bro. S. P. Thomas 
and discussed by Eld. Geo. E. Brewer and many others, then amended and 
adopted as follows. 

REPORT ON BIBLE AND COLPORTAGE. 

When we take into consideration this very important work, we regret 
very much to say nothing is being done along this line in the bounds of the 
Central Association. We are not keeping pace with a goodly number of 
our sister associations. We have colporters in the field that are doing a 
grand and noble work for the Master's cause. We consider this a most im- 
portant question and desire to have it thoroughly discussed. We realize 
the need of a live, energetic, God loving and God fearing man in the field, 
that has the salvation of immortal souls burdened upon his heart, who will 
travel in the most remote bounds of this association and distribute the 
precious truth of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, that all the people 
may have the whole truth. Also distribute good, sound Baptist literature 
that is so much needed in our homes for our children to read, thereby mak- 
ing good impressions upon their young hearts, instead of having their 
tender minds poisoned and loaded with trashy stuff. The youth is our 



future hope. Hence, the more important this question. We oflfer this 
as a solution of the problem. Let every pastor in this association bring 
this important question before his respective church, urging upon them 
the importance of contributing to this grand and noble cause. We believe 
that the success of this work depends largely upon the preachers of the 
various churches of this association. 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. F. Thomas, 
J. C. Maxwkll, 
T. P. Moon. 

AMENDMENT . 

Resolved, That the Central Committee are hereby instructed to employ a 
colporter and missionary for this association, provided a competent one can 
be had. 

Resolved, That the profits on the sale of books by colporters be paid over 
to the Central Committee, and that said committee provide for the salary of 
said colporter. 

Leave of absence was granted to Bros. D. D. Harden and R. T. Reeves. 

The report on Sabbath Schools, read by Bro. C. J. Bentley, who proceeded 
to discuss the same, and was followed by a number of brethren, then 
adopted as follows: 

REPORT ON SABBATH SCHOOLS. 

We, your Committee an Sabbath Schools, beg leave to submit the follow- 
ing report: 

The Sabbath-school being auxiliary to, and a creature of the church, it 
first becomes us to consider the business of the school. 

As all schools are congregations for study and improvement through use 
of text books and impartation of previous knowledge of their teachers, so 
is the Sabbath-school the church at work studying the great text book 
which has God for its author, and Holy men of God as editors of the 
same. 

As in secular schools the pupils of the same are fitted for the business of 
life, so far as the instruction of such schools can do, so in the Sabbath 
School its pupils are made acquainted with the text book containing not 
only those things that pertain to happiness here, but the one great lesson 
of eternal life 

The wise man says, "Train up a child," etc. Some say that Solomon 
meant training for secular labor, for indeed we do prepare our children 
for the various trades of life, and this is right, but why will it not work 
in the case of religious existence? Much more, for the weightier matters 
deserve our best attention. 

So much for the training of the unconverted in our Sabbath Schools. 

Now, what shall we say of the advantage to Christians? 

We all like to read letters from our earthly friends, the word of God 
contains letters from the Friend of sinners. How cheering and soul in- 
spiring, what glorious news they bring. There we find the Bible a guide 
book, a lamp to the feet. 

If any object to Sabbath Schools, we ask them to study God's word just 
a little and exercise sanctified common sense and its application and they 
will find ample authority for modern Sabbath Schools. 

Now, brethren, to come home, what shall we say? A Baptist Church, so 
far as T can learn, is the only strictly democratic institution that the world 
ever knew. 

Every member has an equal privilege in all matters in managing the 
Lord's business. What a government! Then how necessary for each mem- 
ber of this government to be acquainted with its laws. Yet, how few of 
us know how to treat even a personal offense. 

How many of our new converts know of the laws governing God's peo- 
ple in a church capacity? A brother said to me that it is easier to preach 



9 

to a village or city church thsm to a counfry church, mainly because of 
better acquaintance with the Bible. The more we know of the Bible, the 
more we know of God. Thus we give a readier response to preaching. 
Then joy comes from this grand work. "What opportunity for doing good! 
Catholic: "Give me child, etc." When young, is the time to make lasting 
impressions. 

Finally, brethren, I find that in 189.3 there were reported 36 churches to 
our association, and 50 per cent or 18 of these Missionary Baptist Churches 
with all their many opportunities for doing good, have Sabbath Schools 
studying the great text book of spiritual knowledge. 

The Christian people of our land are training fathers and mothers for 
future generations. Then how weighty are our responsibilities! How 
grand our opportunities for doing good! 

There is very little excuse for not having a Sabbath School in every 
church. Some can be found everywhere who will engage in this work. 
Literature, good and wholesome, can be had cheap and convenient from 
either the American Baptist Publication Society, or from the Sunday 
School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention at Nashville, Tenn. 

If we would only acquaint ourselves with what our Sunday School Board 
was trying to do to develop our schools, we certainly would take a greater 
interest in the matter. 

By examination, we find that the doctrinal features of our Sabbath School 
literature are becoming more prominent and especially do many of the 
lessons on missionary work commend themselves to us. If we expect mis- 
sionary churches in the future, we must train our young in missionary 
labors, and in this our Board is especially looking after in preparing our 
Sunday School helps. 

Then, brethren, organize your schools, send to J. B. Collier, Montgomery, 
Ala., for your literature, and do this great work that will tell out in 
eternity. And may God help you to do the work. 
Respectfully submitted, 

C. J. Bentley, Ch'n. 
H. T. Lett, 
J. J. Garrett. 

Report on Temperance read by Eld. 0. C. Swindall, who followed with 
some weighty words. Elders J. D. Hughes and J. H. Colley also took part 
in this discussion. Further discussion deferred until afternoon. 

At 11 o'clock Bro. C. H. Morgan preached from the text "Our Sufficiency 
is of God." 2 Cor., 3 chap., and 5 verse. 

AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The body met and resumed business. 

The report on Temperance was read and adopted, as follows: 

REPORT ON TEMPERANCE. 

We, your committee on Temperance, beg leave to submit the following re- 
port : 

It is said that the liquor traffic is supported by two of the strongest ten- 
dencies in human nature, viz: Animal appetite and the love of money. 

It defies legislation, it bribes juries, it breaks through the flimsy cob- 
webs of municipal laws, it dictates political platforms, it tramples under its 
cloven hoof the holy Sabbath and the law of God, it grows rich on the liard 
earned wages of poverty, it fattens on the murdered souls of men, and sit- 
ting in its stately palace or lounging in its filthy den it laughs at the 
broken homes, sneers at the widow's tears and mocks the orphan's cry for 
bread, it steals the son's kind heart and robs the mother of his love. 

It leads the blooming daughter through the dim alley to the haunts of sin, 
it transforms the father's loving tenderness into beastly cruelty and murder- 
ous hate, it changes the once loved and loving bride into the drudging plane 



10 

of a drunkard's hut, it sends the husband to the drunkard's hopeless doom, 
and drags the orphan babe away from home and friends and casts it into 
the putrid stream of crime to float on downward into worse than death. 

Thus does it sweep the smile from childhood's sunny face. It dims the 
luster of ambition in the eye of youth, and smirches with foul disgrace the 
hoary locks of age. 

This is a sad but not exagerated picture. We see some of the pictures of 
it wherever we go in this beautiful sunny land of ours. 

The question for us to consider, as a body of Baptists and Christians, is, 
How can this state of affairs be changed? 

What can we do toward the desired reformation? We can, and surely 
ought to do so'iiething. 

Legislation by the government will avail us nothing so long as the govern- 
ment is a partner in the traffic 

The pulpit and press two powerful factors in forming and educating pub- 
lic opinion, will prove unavailing so long as men preach one thing and 
practice another — preaching temperance and patronizing the saloon. 

Teaching in order to be made effective must unite precept and exam- 
ple. If a lather wants his son to be truthful, honest and temperate, he 
must practice these things himself. Surely no father would be so incon- 
sistent as to insist upoii.his boys becoming a teetotofer, while he himself dodges 
around th>- screen and gets his morning dram, thus writing perfidy upon 
bis own brow. Remember the old adage, "Like father, like son," "as the 
old cock crows, the young ones will learn." It has been said that "educa- 
tion forms a common mind, as the twig is bent, the tree is inclined." 

Suppose we Baptists of the Central Association, of the State of Alabama, of 
the Southern States, of the United States, yea of the world, should recog- 
nize the importance of this principle, and all should unite in the family 
nearest to the fountain head of society in instilling the principles of total 
abstinence into the minds of all the children, what a tremendous power 
would Baptists become in the temperance cause. They would constitute a 
leaven which would permeate the civilized and heathen world and drive 
the rum traffic from the face of the earth. 

Why will not Baptists unite in the cause of temperance? They know 
that the rum traffic is an enemy to all righteousness, is a deadly foe to the 
church and stands in the wav of the evangelization of the world. The 
prophet Habakkuk says: "Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, 
that putteth the bottle to him and maketh him drunken also." Paul says to 
Ephesians, 5 chapter and 18 verse: "Be not drunk with wine, wherein is 
excess; but be filled with the Spirit." Again, 1st Tim. 5 chap, and 23 verse: 
"Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and 
thire oft infirmities." 

These two passages justify the medicinal use of ardent spirits, but there 
is not a syllable of authority for using it as a beverage. 

Last, but not least, is a query that often arises in my mind. How much 
ardent spirits may a man use and yet have the abiding presence of the Holy 
Spirit? My opinion is, when ardent spirits are in, the Holy Spirit is out. 

We have no assurance from Scripture that the Holy Spirit will abide in 
a drunken man, because Paul tells us 1 Cor. 6 chap, and 10 verse; "Nor 
thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall 
inherit the kingdom of God." Cobbett says that "he that eats till he is 
full is like a' beast, and he that drinks till he is drunk is quite a beast." 
How can Baptists bestialize themselves? I pray God that the time may 
speedily come when Baptists and all other Christians will awake to their re- 
sponsibility touching the "rum traffic;" when they cease to patronize the 
saloon and gulp down their scanty means, which their wives and children 
so sadly need at home; when they will cease to disgrace themselves and 
their children and dishonor the God who gave them being, and who will 
judge them in a coming day. 0. C. Swindall, Committee. 

The report on State of Religion was read and adopted, as follows: 



11 

REPORT ON STATE OP RELIGION. 

Dear Bkethren : — We, your committee on State of Religion, beg leave to 
submit the following report : 

After a survey of the situation within the bounds of our Association, we 
are of the opinion that the cause of religion within our bounds is in a bet- 
ter condition than it has been in sometime. Most of our churches have 
had revivals since we last met. Some of them that haven't had revivals in 
years have been greatly revived this year, and several added to their number. 

Two of the districts of our Association have held meetings since we last 
met, and from one to two of your committee have visited each of these 
meetings, and we found that the churches in the bounds of each district were 
very well represented, and that peace and harmonv prevailed among the 
brethren If any differences have arisen among the brethren they have 
been satisfactorily adjusted, and the cause of Christ has been honorably 
maintained. Several of our churches seem to be more interested in Sunday 
Schools than they have been in sometime. Some of them have the best 
Sunday Schools they have ever had. More interest seems to be manifested 
in the Sunday School by both old and young than has been in the past. 

In conclusion, your committee would say that we haven't referred to 
Sunday Schools with any intention of intruding on your committee ap- 
pointed for this business, but only to show the condition our churches are 
in. Respectfully submitted, T A. Kelly, 

J. H. Hickman, 
E. W. Powell, 
Committee. 

The report on Education was read by Bro. L. H. Hastie, pending the 
adoption of which a resolution was passed endorsing Brother E. W. Powell 
as the beneficiary of this Association at Howard College. The report adopted, 
as follow : 

REPORT ON EDUCATION. 

Your committee after some investigaton on the question of education, 
have concluded that our facilities for the purpose of instructing the youth 
are sufficient, if we would only give them our support. 

We find too many parents taking no interest in the development of their 
boys and girls, upon whom the responsibilities of church and State must 
so soon fall. Observation alone is sufficient to teach us that to be free, 
happy and prosperous, we must first be intelligent, and we believe that the 
God of creation has well done his part in natural gifts to us, if we would 
only use the proper energy, or we should have said, discharge the high duty 
that rests upon us as parents in the development of faculties which are 
embodied in our children. Too many are ready to conclude that when we 
have learned our children to work, make all they can, in every way they 
can, from everybody they can, and to keep all they get, that their duty cul- 
minates then and there. 

We conclude, furthermore, that if our liberties or institutions ever 
cease to be, the chief cause will be willful ignorance with neglected op- 
portunities. In view of these facts, we insist upon every lover of humanity 
to use his best endeavors to mold the minds of the coming generation for 
future usefulness. The education of the natural, mind and body is not 
sufficient, we should give our children a Christian education. If we but de- 
velop the body, we may raise a Corbett, a Sullivan or Kilrain, to heap dis- 
grace upon civilization. Should we develop the body and mind only the 
result may be a Tom Paine, a Voltaire, or an Ingersoll, but if we develop 
soul, mind and body, we have discharged our duty, and have the coming 
Spurgeon, Moody or Talmage. 

Brethren, by all means let our institutions of learning give our sons and 
daughters a Christian education. Respectfully submitted, 

L. H. Hastie. 

The report of Central Committee was read and adopted as follows: 



12 

REPORT OF CENTRAL COMMITTEE. 

Immediately after your last session we held a meeting atBethesda, asking 
an expression from the various churches in the Association, but few re- 
sponded; and after a careful survey of the situation and consultation with 
the brethren present, it was thought advisable not to attempt to employ 
anyone as colporter in the Association, though we realize the importance 
of a colporter, but the necessary means are lacking to carry out the work. 
Respectfully submitted, S. F. Thomas, 

T. P. Moon, 

D. F. AVANT, 

Committee. 
Report on Finance Committee, as follows: 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON FINANCE. 

We, the committee on Finance and Auditing, beg leave to submit the fol- 
lowing report: 
Received at this session in cash and vouchers: 

For State Missions $ 113 68% 

" Home " 32 29% 

" Foreign" 117 03% 

" Indigent Ministers 8 55 

" Ministerial Education 80 60 

" Judson Institute 10 00 

" Minutes 49 50 

" Orphan's Home 49 64 

" Public collection for Missions 18 40 

Total $ 499 71 

Public collection for Bros. J. H. Colley and J. R. Steeley 34 04 

$ 533 75 

Cashreceived $ 292 17 

Vouchers 241 58—533 75 

We have examined the Treasurer's report and find it correct, and a bal- 
ance in his hands of $27.24, making a total of $326.19. There is $11.37 in 
vouchers from Eclectic Church not handed in to us, but counted in the above 
report. Respectfully submitted, 0. P. Bentley, Ch'n. 

J. H. Hickman, 

J. C. MOSELEY. 

Committee on Nominations reported as follows: 

REPORT ON NOMINATIONS. 

To preach the Introductory Sermon at next session of the Central Associa- 
tion — Eld. J. M. Johnson. Alternate — Eld. C. J. Bentley. Central Commit- 
tee — Henry Norrell, R. S. Penton and R. M. Murcliison. To write the cir- 
cular letter— Eld. D. S. Martin. S. F. Thomas, 

Respectfully submitted, H. B. Young, 

D. F. AvANT. 

Treasurer's report adopted, as follows: 



13 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 
Report of T. J. Pennington, Treasurer of Central Association, for 1894: 

DR. 

To cash State funds $ 63 85 

" " Foreign Mission funds 70 60 

" " Home " " 34 20 

" " Indigent Ministers 8 80 

" " Ministerial Education 28 10 

" " Minute funds 48 95 

" " Centennial " 2 35 

" " Orphan's Home , 17 20 

" " Public collection 15 56 

" balance on hand from previous year 39 30 

Total $ 328 91 

CB. 

By amount paid Bro. Martin, Clerk $ 48 95 

" J. H. Colley 8 80 

" " " Jno W. Stewart, Baptist Orphanage 17 20 

" " " D. S Martin. Ministerial Educational fund 20 00 

" " " W. B. Crumpton 206 72 

Total $ 301 67 

Balance on hand 27 24 

REPORT ON CORRESPONDENCE. 

We, your committee, suggest that we encourage spiritual correspondence, 
feeling it to be a source of spiritual development and should be highly 
appreciated and esteemed by all concerned in the cause of our Lord and Sa- 
vior Jesus Christ. We also highly appreciate the beloved brethren as corre- 
spondents with us at the present session, viz: Brethren Jno. G. Harris, of the 
Montgomery Association, and C H. Morgan and J. R. Steeley, of Coosa River 
Association. Respectfully submitted, F. M. Allen, Ch'n. 

By vote of the body the next session will be held with Rockford 
Church. 

MISCELLANEOUS RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved, That this Association send up annually the sum of $50 for the 
benefit of elder J. H Colley. 

The following resolution offered by Bro. 0. P. Bentley was unanimously 
adopted : 

Resolved, That this Asociation tender its thanks to the church and com- 
munity for the very hospitable manner in which they have entertained us 
and for the bountiful repast each day spread. 

Resolved, That the clerk be paid $15.00 out of the minute funds, and the 
remainder be used in printing and distributing the minutes. 

Resolved, That the balance in the hands of tbe Treasurer from last year 
be appropriated to the benefit of Bro. E. W. Powell, and that the Treasarer 
be instructed to forward the amounts sent up by the churches as designated ; 
and that the public collection for missions be equally divided between 
State and Foreign missions. 

A collection was taken up at the close of Brother Morgan's sermon for 
Elders J. H. Colley and J. R. Steeley, amounting to $34.04. 

The circular letter was read and adopted and ordered spread on the min- 
utes. 



14 



The body then adjourned to meet with Rockford Church, on Wednesday 
before the first Sunday in October, 1895. 

While singing "How Firm a Foundation," the parting hand was extended, 
then prayer offered by Elder J. E. Steeley. 
D. S. Martin, Clerk. L. H. HASTIE, Moderator. 



* AMOUNTS PROMISED BY CHURCHES. 



Alexander City $150 00 

Antioch 10 00 

Bethesda 15 00 

Beulah 10 00 

Bethlehem 5 00 

County Line 5 00 

Concord 10 00 

Electic 20 00 

Friendship 5 00 

Goodwater 15 00 

Good Hope 10 00 

Hatchett Creek , 5 00 

Harmony 10 00 

Liberty 15 00 

Lebanon 25 00 

Mt. Zion 5 00 

Macedonia 5 00 



New Hope $ 5 00 

New Providence 5 00 

Olive Branch 5 00 

Poplar Springs 5 00 

Providence (Orphan's Home) 6 00 

Pleasant Hill 5 00 

Rockford 15 00 

Shiloh 10 00 

Santuck 10 00 

Salem 7 50 

Shady Grove 5 00 

Town Creek 5 00 

Union 15 00 

Union Springs 15 00 

Wayside 10 00 

Pleasant Ridge 5 00 



DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF 
Sisters Rebecca Jackson and Florence Walker, of Alexander City Church. 

Sister Caroline Howie, of County Line Church. 
Bro. R. C. Lett and Sisters J. N. Kirby, Nancy Smith and Maltsey Thomp- 
son, of Good Hope Church . 
Sister Manty Graves, of Mt. Zion Church. 
Sisters N. C. Stone and L. J. Aikin, of Macedonia Church. 
Sister S. A. Young, of New Hope Church. 
Sister Jane Conaway, of Poplar Springs Church. 
Bro. Jackson Moody, of Santuck Church. 
Sisters Rebecca Parker, Sallie E. Litaker and Lucy Miller, of Salem Church. 
Sister Sarah J. Ward (wife of W. P. Ward,) of Town Creek Church. 
Sisters Elizabeth Bentley and Fannie Pennington, of Rockford Church. 
Bro. Stephen P. Haynie, of Union Church. 



The annual meeting of the Second District will be held with Beulah 
Church, beginning on Friday before the first Sunday in August. 1895. 



15 

STANDING COMMITTEES TO REPORT AT NEXT SESSION. 

State Missions— C. J. Bentley, T. P. Moon, A. T. Stanley. 
Home Missions — 0. C. Swindall, J. H. Thompson, H. T. Lett. 
Foreign Missions — J. M. Johnson, S. F. Thomas, J. H Singleton. 
Sabbath Schools— A. C. Swindall, J. B. Bachelor, D. J. Smith. 
Temperance— T. A. Kelley, E. W. Powell. J. H. Hickman. 
State of Religion— Wm. B. Harmon, J. H. CoUey, D. F. Avant. 
Religious Literature — Geo. E. Brewer, L. H. Hastie, T. J. Pennington. 
Education— W. R. Whatley, J. D. Hughes, O. P. Bentley. 
Central Committee — Henry Norrell, R. S. Penton, R M. Murchison. 
Write Circular Letter — D. S. Martin. 



CONSTITUTION. 



Article 1. The Association shall be composed of all regular ordained 
and licensed ministers who are members of churches within our bounds, 
together with the members regularly chosen by the churches within our 
bounds. 

Art. 2. The members so chosen shall produce letters from their respect- 
ive churches certifying their appointment, together with the state of their 
churches since their last representation. But by a two-thirds vote of the 
body a member of any church, without being regularly chosen, may, upon 
good reasons, be admitted to represent such church when no one regularly 
chosen be present. 

Art. 3. The members so chosen and convened shall be called the "Cen- 
tral Association." 

Art. 4. This Association shall sit as an advisory council, and shall have 
no power to lord it over God's heritage, nor infringe on the internal rights 
of the churches; but may withdraw from any church not orthodox in prin- 
ciple according to the Scriptures, and who shall fail to represent at an Asso- 
ciation, and shall refuse to account for such failure at the next regular ses- 
sion. 

Art. 5. Any church desiring admission into this Union shall petition by 
letter and messengers, and if found orthodox, shall be received by the 
Association by the Moderator giving the messenger the right hand of 
fellowship. 

Art. 6. Any church having a public gift, before proceeding to license the 
same, should call the gifts of two or more sister churches, or experienced 
members, to unite with the church in conference to examine into the nature 
of the gift, and upon due approval, licensed to be granted, and reported to 
the next association. 

Art. 7. Every church in our Union, whose membership shall be 100 or 
under, shall be entitled to three delegates, and for every thirty-three over 
100 they shall be entitled to one additional delegate. 

Art. 8. No query shall be taken into consideration in this Association, 
except in cases of serious difficulty which cannot be settled by the church, 
nor messengers from other churches. 

Art. 9. This Association may correspond with any Baptist benevolent 
institution it shall deem expedient. 

Art. 10. This Association shall have a fund, supplied by the voluntary 
contributions of the churches; and all moneys thus contributed shall be 
transmitted from the churches by their messengers, and paid over to the 
Committee on Finance (the committee shall be annually appointed), whose 
duty it shall be to receive in charge the Association fund, and dispose of the 
same agreeebly to order, and make at every session a fair and circumstantial 
report of their proceedings. 



16 

Art. 11. The officers of this Association are to be a Moderator, Clerk aud 
Treasurer, to be elected from her own body. 

Art. 12. Difference of opinion as to benevolent institutions of the day- 
shall never be made a question of fellowship in this Association. 

Art. 13. Amendments or alterations to this Constitution may be made 
at any regular session — two-thirds of the members present concurring 
therein. 

RULES OF DECORUM. 

I. The Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer shall be chosen by a major- 
ity of the members of the body, and shall hold their offices until another 
election. 

2 It shall be the duty of the Moderator to preside in the deliberations of 
the Association, and keep order by enforcing the rules of this Decorum, and 
he shall not be allowed to vote, except in cases of a tie, and then shall give 
the casting vote. 

3. It shall be the duty of the Association, first, to provide for the general 
union of the churches, and to devise ways and means for the spread of the 
gospel, and the promotion of our Redeemer's kingdom'upon earth; second, 
to maintain correspondence with sister associations, and thus preserve a 
chain of communication among the churches; third, to give advice to the 
churches in cases of difficulty; fourth, to invite visiting ministers ot our 
faith and order to seats with us, to aid in our deliberations. 

4. At each annual session there shall be appointed by the Association an 
executive Committee, consisting of , to whom shall be referred all mat- 
ters touching the spread of the gospel in our bounds, and report thereon at 
the next session of the Association. 

5. There shall be appointed, as in the last preceding article, a committee 
of finance, to whom all funds sent up by the churches to the Association 
shall be paid ; whose duty it shall be to report thereon during the session. 

6. No motion shall be entertained by the Association until it shall be 
seconded ; it shall then be taken up, opened for debate and finally decided, 
unless withdrawn by the mover. 

7. Every query sent up to this Association by any church in the Union 
shall be read, and put to a vote by the Moderator whether it shall be debated ; 
but if not, it shall be withdrawn ; provided, always, that those be first con- 
sidered which may effect the union of the churches. 

8. Every member who speaks shall rise from his seat and address the 
Moderator; he shall not be interrupted while speaking, unless he depart from 
the subject. 

9. No member shall speak more than three times on the same subject 
unless by leave of the Association. 

10. There shall be no talking, whispering, or moving about during the 
time of any public discussion, nor any reflection cast upon the speaker. 

II. Any delegate wishing to leave the Association before its adjournment, 
shall be required to make the cause known, and obtain leave of absence by 
a vote of the body ; and if any delegate shall absent himself without leave, 
he shall be considered guilty of disorder, and shall beerated from the list of 
delegates 

12. A member violating any of these rules shall be reproved by the Mod- 
erator. 

13. This Decorum shall be read at each annual session of the Association, 
immediatelv after its organization. 

14. This Decorum may, at any regular session, be altered or amended, a 
majority of the body concurring therein. 

ARTICLES OF FAITH, PROOF TEXTS. 

Article 1. We believe in one true and living God; the Father, Son and 
Holy Ghostr— three in one— 1 John v. 7 ; Matt, 3 15-17; John 14:16; Matt, 
28:19. 



17 

Art. 2. We believe that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are 
the Word of God, and the only rule of faith and practice.— 2 Tim. 3:16-17; 
2 Peter 19:20-21. 

Art. 3. We believe in the doctrine of original sin ; that Adam disobeyed 
God, and that all mankind inherited a sinful nature from Adam. — Gen. 
3:1-17; Psalms 51:5; Rom. 5:12; Eph. 2:1. 

Art. 4. We believe in man's inability to recover himself from the fallen 
state he is in by nature, by himself alone. — Zach. 5:6; John 6:44; 1 Cor. 11: 
14; Rom. 8:7-8. 

Art. 5. We believe in the doctrine of election by grace, according to the 
forknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, and 
belief of the truth,— Rom. 11:4-7: 2Thes. 2:23; 1 Peter 1:2. 

Art. 6. We believe that sinners are justified in the sight of God, only by 
the imputed righteousness of Jesus Christ. — Acts 13:39; Rom. 4-11-12 23-24- 
25; Gal. 2:16. 

Art. 7, We believe in the preservation of saints. — Psalms 37:23 24-28; 
Micah 7:8; John 5:24 and 10:28; Rom. 8:35-39; 1 Peter 1:3-5. 

Art. 8. We believe that baptism and the Lord's Supper are ordinances of 
Jesus Christ, of perpetual obligation, and that none but true believers are 
fit subjects of the ordinances.— John 1:33; Matt. 3:13-17; Matt. 28:19 10; 
Acts 1:22 and 2:41; Matt. 26:6-30; 1 Cor. 11:23-26. 

Art. 9. We believe in one Lord, one faith, and onebaptim, and immer- 
sion only is baptism.— Eph. 4:5; Rom. 6:4 6; Col. 2:12; Ac1s8:38-39; Mark 
1:9. 

Art. 10. We believe that no one is qualified to preach and administer the 
ordinances of the Gospel except he be called of God, as was Aaron, is set 
apart by, and is in good standing with the church of which be is a member, 
and come under the hands of the Presbytery. — Mark 3:14; Acts 14:23; ITim. 
2:7 and 5:22; Heb. 5:4; John 4:2; Acts8:28. 

Art. 11. We believe in the resurrection of the dead and the general 
judgment.— John 5:28-29; Rev. 20:12-13; Acts24:15. 

Art. 12. We believe the joys of the righteous and the punishment of the 
wicked will be eternaL— Matt. 25:46; Rev. 7:1516; Col. 3:4; 1 Thess. 5:17; 2 
Thess. 1:7-9; Rev. 20:10-14-15; Matt. 25:41-43. 



ORDAINED MINISTERS AND THEIR POSTOFPICES. 

J. H. Colley David, Ala 

L. H. Hastie Marble Valley, 

T. A. Kelley , Weoka, 

W. J. D. Upshaw , Eclectic, 

D. S. Martin Equality, 

A. G. Rains Traveler's Rest, 

J. W. Fulmer Mt. Olive, 

W. R. Whatley Alexander City, 

Geo. E. Brewer " 

S. B. Culpepper " 

O. C. Swindall '. Good Hope, 

L. W. H. Walker " 

J. H. Thompson " 

J. M. Johnson Dexter, 

W. T. Stewman Warm Springs, 

J. H. Taylor Tallassee, 

William Harmon " 

John M. Stroud " 

J. D. Hughes Rockford, 

A. C. Swindall Dexter, 

J. S. Jones Bulger's Mills, 

J. H. Singleton Dexter, 

J. C. Thomas Titus, 

C. J. Bentley Buvck, 

N. O. Dobbs Sykes Mill, 



18 

LICENSED MINISTERS AND THEIR POSTOFFICES. 

J. C. Fulmer Mt. Olive, Ala. 

Benj. W. Callaway Rockford, " 

J. W. Jones Goodwater, " 

J. R. Reems " " 

A. D. Harden Tallassee, " 

E. W. Powell Buyck, " 

Joseph Hand Titus, '' 

J. V. Clifton Hollins, " 

CIRCULAR LETTER. 

IS TITHING A CHRISTIAN DUTY ? 

This is a question to be settled by the Bible. Baptists believe that 
whatever is commanded or forbidden must be obeyed, for Christ is Master 
as well as Savior, and the Bible is his word, for the Father has always com- 
municated his will through him. 

Though tithing is specially provided for in the Mosaic law, it does not fol- 
low that it is confined in its operations to the Jews any more than the Ten 
Commandments were. Abraham paid the tithe to Melchisedec long before 
the law of Sinai, and the New Testament endorses the act as divinely ap- 
proved and accepted of God as his right. Jacob promised God if he would 
bless him and be his God he would pay him the tenth. The indication is 
that God accepted it as his right. How did it happen that in both cases 
they fell upon the exact proportion afterward plainly demanded by law, 
had there been no divine revelation to them ? 

Why does God require the tenth, and that of the first fruits of the field 
and cattle? He says because the land and cattle are his, and it must be paid 
in recognition of his right, just as a tenant pays rent in recognition of the 
proprietorship of the landlord. Therefore, he says, "The tithe is the 
Lord's," that is by pepetual right. When withheld he charged the people 
with robbing him. It could not be called robbery except upon the principle 
that the tithe was his by absolute right, and not as a mere offering. This 
being true of the land of Canaan, it is equally so of all the earth, for God 
says "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof; the world and they 
that dwell therein. The cattle upon a thousand hills are mine." He, there- 
fore, holds us to an account for our use or abuse of it. This being true, the 
principle must apply that all who occupy it owe to him the tenth, the 
amount he claims as rent for the use of it. 

Does the New Testament repeal the tithing law as it does circumcision, 
the law about articles of food, and other things? If so, where? But let us 
hear Christ, the law giver on it. He says to the Pharisees, "Ye pay tithes 
of mint, and anise, and cummin, and neglect the weightier matters of the 
law. These ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone." 
Here is no repeal, but an aflBirmation. Christ says, "I came not to destroy 
the law, but to fulfill. One jot or title shall in no wise pass from the law 
till all be fulfilled." God says, "This is my beloved Son, hear ye him." 
Whenever Christ repealed anything it was to substitute something better. 
If tithing is repealed, what have we that is better in lieu of it? Do you say 
free will offerings? The law provided amply for free will offerings in addi- 
tion to the tithes. 

But let us see what is said after the gospel was fully established in opera- 
tion. Paul, the great apostle to the Gentiles., says to them in 1. Cor. 9:13-14, 
"Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the 
things of the temple? And they which wait at the altar are partakers with 
the altar? Even so hath God ordained that they which preach the gospel, 
should live of the gospel. To paraphrase it, God required the tenth and 
the offerings to be paid to him by the Jews at the altar, and as he had taken 
the Levites for his service about the temple, he turned over this tithe to 
them for their support. Now in the gospel he still demands the tithe and 
off"erings as his, and having called the gospel ministry into his service to 
proclaim the gospel, he turns over his tithe and offerings to them for their 



19 

support. The Levites were only to minister to God for one nation, the 
ministers of the gospel pre to preach the gospel to all nations. Again in 1 
Cor. 16:2 he says, "Let everyone of you lay by him in store, on the first 
day of the week, as the Lord has prospered him, that there be no gatherings 
vi^hen I come." This was raising money for benevolent purposes. A pro- 
portion was to be laid aside by every one, whether much or little, what 
proportion was it? Surely some regular percentage. 

It is a fact that in these times there are some who believe that God still 
requires the tithe, and they pay it, and prosper as they did in former times 
who paid it. If the law demands it, and practice approves it by its results, 
would it not be better for us all to obey it? 

Brethren, let us not stickle for compliance with some of God's command- 
ments and neglect others, for there is great reward in keeping his statutes. 
The Psalmist says "Then shall I be upright when 1 have respect to all thy 
commandments." Geo. E. Brewer. 



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flUBAMA PRINTING GO. 

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BIBLES! TESTflMENTSI BOOKS! 

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of Missions is located at Montgomery. Headquarters for the Baptists of 
Alabama for the sale and distribution of Denominational Literature" 
Bibles, Testaments, Religious Books, Tracts, etc, Sunday Schools v.iU 
find it to their advantage to send orders for all they need direct to this Depart- 
ment. Churches can get Bibles, Hymn Books, Records, Collection Envelopes, 
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work. Address, J. B. COLLIER, Secretary, 

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