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WILLIAM WILBERFOKCE.* 



This distinguished philanthropist, who so laboured for the happiness of man- 
kind as to entitle his name to the reverence of every member of the human 
family, was born at Hull, upon the feast of St. Bartholomew, August 24, a.d. 
1759, and was the only son of Robert Wilberforce aud his wife Elizabeth ; his 
ancestors had long been settled in the county of York, and he was for many 
years successfully engaged in the Baltic trade. 

Of the early years of William Wilberforce little is recorded. His frame from 
infancy was feeble, his stature small, his eyes weak, — a failing which, with many 
rich mental endowments, he inherited from his mother. But with these bodily 
iDfirmities were united a vigorous mind, and a temper eminently affectionate. 
At seven years old, he was sent to the grammar-school of Hull ; and even then 
his elocution was so remarkable that he was often set upon a table to read 
aloud as an example to the other boys. The death of his father in 1768 trans- 
ferred him to the care of his uncle, William Wilberforce ; and after a week's 
residence at Nottingham, he was sent to live with him at Wimbledon, and in 
St. James's Place. He remained two years at school, under Mr. Chalmers, a 
Scotchman ; spending his holidays at his uncle's house, with occasional visits to 
Nottingham and Hull. He is described at this time as '' a fine sharp lad," 
whose activity and spirit made up in boyish sports for some deficiency of strength. 
One incident of these years deserves special notice, from its assisting, as he 
thought, to form what was undoubtedly a striking feature in his later character. 
He received from the late John Thornton, the brother of his aunt, with whom 
he was travelling, a present much exceeding the usual amount of a boy's pos- 
sessions, intended to enforce the precept with which it was accompanied, that 
some should be given to the poor. 

When he quitted Hull, his religious principles were unformed ; and it was in his 
uncle's house that they assumed their tone from his aunt, who was a great admirer 
of Whitfield's preaching, and kept up a friendly connexion with the early mctho- 
dists : a rare and pleasing indication of piety is also recorded to have marked his 
twelfth year. This change in his character occasioned great alarm at Hull ; his 
mother repaired to London, and he returned with her to Yorkshire, quitting his 
uncle's family with deep regret. In after life, however, he considered his mother's 
taking him from his uncle when about twelve or thirteen, and then completely a 
methodist, as probably the means of his being connected with political men, and 
becoming useful in life : had he staid with his uncle, he should have become a 
bigoted, despised methodist. 

On the return of young Wilberforce to his mother's house, it became the 
object of his friends, by the seductions of gaiety and self-indulgence, to charm 
away that serious spirit which had taken possession of his youthful bosom. The 
habits of society in Hull assisted their design : it was then as gay a place as 
could be found out of London ; and although the theatre, balls, great suppers, 
and card parties were, at first, distressing to Wilberforce, he by degrees acquired 
a relish for them, and became as thoughtless as the rest : he was everywhere 
invited and caressed, and his voice and love of music made him still more accept- 
able. He was placed, soon after his return to Hull, at the endowed grammar- 
school of Pocklington, where he led almost a life of idleness and pleasure. Yet 
he excelled all the other boys in his compositions, and went up to the University a 

* The prefixed Portrait, together with the suhstance of the following Memoir, have been derived 
from The Life of William WUberforce. By his sons, Robert Wilberforce, M.A., Vicar of East 
Farleigfa; and Samuel Wilberforce, M.A., Rector of Brighstone. 6 vols., 1839. In the many bright 
examples of Christian excellence with which our literature happily abounds, we scarcely know a mure 
attractive as well' as instructive record of human character than is to be found in the work to which 
we have much pleasure in thus acknowledghig our obligations. 



iv WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. 

very fair scholar. He is likewise related to have evinced his ahomination of the 
slave-trade when he was not more than fourteen years of age. 

He entered St. John's College, Cambridge, Oct. 1776# at the age of seventeen 
years ; and becoming master of a handsome fortune left by his grandfather 
and uncle, he was at once exposed to new temptations. On the first night of his 
arrival, he was introduced to a licentious set of hard drinkers, whom, however, 
he shook oflf after the first year. For the last two years he spent at Cambridge, 
he was the centre of a higher circle. ** There was no one," says the Rev. T. 
Gisborne, " at all like him for powers of entertainment. Always fond of repartee 
and discussion, he seemed entirely free from conceit and vanity." He was truly 
hospitable : " there was always a great Yorkshire pie in his rooms, and all were 
welcome to partake of it. My rooms and his," says Mr. Gisborne, " were back 
to back, and often when I was raking out my fire at ten o'clock, I heard his 
melodious voice calling aloud to me to come and sit with him before I went to 
bed. It was a dangerous thing to do, for his amusing conversation was sure to 
keep me up so late that I was behind-hand the next morning." Wilberforce 
was a good classic, and acquitted himself well in the college examinations ; but 
mathematics he almost entirely neglected. Whilst some of his companions were 
reading hard and attending lectures, card-parties and idle amusements consumed 
his hours. With all his gaieties, he was not, however, profligate, or what the 
world calls licentious, and certainly " better than young men in general ;" but he 
neglected opportunities of moral and intellectual profit : he strove in after years 
to supply these omissions ; but, to the end of his life, he deplored a certain want 
of mental regularity which he traced to this neglect of early discipline. " That 
there was even at this time of thoughtlessness a hidden vein of deeper feeling was 
shewn by his refusing, when unexpectedly required, to declare his assent to the 
articles of the church, though the refusal cost him for a time the convenience of 
an academical decree. Further inquiry removed his hesitation, but he would 
not, at mature age, when his education was completed, declare his concurrence 
in religious dogmas which he had not examined." 

Before he quitted college, Mr. Wilberforce had resolved to enter upon public 
life. He, therefore, declined business, and in expectation of a speedy dissolution, 
he commenced a canvass for the representation of his native town in parliament. 
After a successful canvass on the spot, he repaired to London, where about 300 
Hull freemen resided in the vicinity of the Thames ; these he entertained at sup- 
pers in the public-houses of Wapping, and by his addresses to them, first gained 
confidence in public speaking. During this year, he lodged in the Adelpbi, and 
constantly frequented the gallery of the House of Commons, where he became 
intimate with Mr. Pitt, whom he had slightly known at Cambridge. In the 
summer, he returned to Hull ; but his election prospects were almost blighted by 
the day being fixed before the expiration of his nonage. The session, however, 
survived his birthday; when the townsmen were regaled with an ox roasted 
whole in one of his fields. The election opportunely followed, and he numbered 
singly as many votes as his two opponents had received together ; though his 
return cost him between £8000 and £9000. His great success coloured his 
entry into public life ; and upon his return to London, he was at once elected a 
member of all the leading clubs, and immersed in politics and fashion : Fox, 
Sheridan, and Fitzpatrick, frequented these clubs, and the members chatted, played 
at cards, or gambled, as they pleased. But Mr. Wilberforce's usual resort was 
Goosetree*s, in Pall Mall, where his friendship with Pitt increased : here he once 
lost £100 at the Faro table, and on another night kept the bank, by which he 
won £600 ; but this weaned him from play. About this time, he was one of 
those who met to spend an evening in memory of Shakspeare, at the Boar's 
Head Tavern, in Eastcheap. 

In spite of his life of gaiety, Mr. Wilberforce attended closely to the House of 
Commons. From the first he was an independent man : he had entered parlia- 
ment as the opponent of the war with America, and of Lord North's administra- 
tion ; yet to this ministry he gave his first vote. His first speech was on 
May 17, 1781, when he attacked the laws of revenue as oppressive and unjust. 
In the next session, he was more active, and first became acquainted with Fox : 



WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. v 

he also received so many civilities from Lord Rockingham, that it was expected 
he would be raised to the peerage, and he even received various applications 
for the supply of his robes. He was now united in the closest intimacy with 
Pitt, who frequently took up his residence with him. This was the most critical 
period of Wilberforce's course : his ready wit, his conversation sparkling with 
polished raillery and courteous repartee, his kindly and generous feelings, all 
secured him that hazardous applause with which society rewards its ornaments 
and victims. Nor must be forgotten his rare accomplishment of singing, which 
more than once delighted the Prince of Wales, at the luxurious soirees of Devon- 
shire House. He was also an admirable mimic, and until reclaimed by the kind 
severity of old Lord Camden, would often set the table in a roar by his perfect 
imitation of Lord North. He, however, escaped the severer temptations of am- 
bition, and was one of the only two members out of 40 of the " Independent" 
members of the House of Commons that were not raised to the peerage : he was, 
indeed, a vehement opponent of the scandalous Coalition Ministry. At the close 
of this session, he joined Mr. Pitt and Mr. Eliot in a tour on the Continent; and 
returned to London in November. 

In the spring of 1784, Mr. Wilberforce headed the great meeting at York 
against the Coalition : on the dissolution of Parliament, he was re-elected for 
Hull, but subsequently took his seat for Yorkshire, as *' the man of the middle 
classes, opposed alike to party influence and democratic licence, and demanding 
the Abolition of the Slave Trade." In the autumn, he visited Nice, with his 
family and Isaac Milner, and returned to support Parliamentary Reform early in 
1785 : he then revisited Nice, where his religious discussions with Milner caused 
him to return to England " another man in his inner being." He now com- 
menced a private journal, with the view of making himself " humble and watch- 
ful \* the entries in which shew him to be an improved man, sincerely delighting 
in Scriptural reading and prayer. He records that Pitt tried to reason him out 
of his convictions, but soon found himself unable to combat their correctness, if 
Christianity be true. Mr. Wilberforce now began constant family prayer, opened 
to his friends the change which had passed upon him, wrote to and called upon 
the Rev. John Newton, studied the Scriptures daily, and took lodgings in the 
Adelphi, to be near pastoral instructions ; at the same time withdrawing his name 
from the clubs. Early in 1 786, he visited the pious Unwins, at Stock, and re- 
turned an altered man to his parliamentary duties. In 1787»he obtained a Royal 
Proclamation against vice and immorality, and established the Society for the 
Reformation of Manners. He then set about his great work, the Abolition of 
the Slave Trade : this Pitt recommended him to undertake, as a subject suited 
to his character and talents ; and he resolved to bring it before parliament. 
In the spring of this year, he was introduced to Mr. Clarkson ; and in the sum- 
mer, he allied himself with the committee of twelve, headed by Granville Sharpe, 
to procure the Abolition of Slavery. 

In 1788, Mr. Wilberforce gave notice in parliament on the Abolition : this 
illness compelled him to postpone till the following year, when, on May 12, he 
brought the question before the House, as Burke said, '^ in a manner the most 
masterly, impressive, and eloquent," for which " the House, the nation, and 
Europe, were under great and serious obligations to the hon. gentleman. The 
principles," he said, '* were so well laid down, and supported with so much force 
and order, that it equalled anything he had heard in modern times, and was not, 
perhaps, to be surpassed in the remains of Grecian eloquence." Nor were Mr. 
Pitt and Mr. Fox less loud in their eulogies ; and Bishop Porteus referred to the 
speech, (of more than three hours' duration,) as one of the ablest and most elo- 
quent that was ever heard. Ii> the autumn of this year, Mr. Wilberforce visited 
Mrs. Hannah More, and assisted that excellent woman in the establishment of 
her schools at Cheddar. 

In 1790, Mr. Wilberforce resumed his great design : once a week, " the Slave 
Committee" dined with him ; and on January 27, he obtained, after much oppo- 
sition, a parliamentary special committee for examining witnesses, which now 
became his daily work ; and with the help of the late William Smith, he con- 
ducted personally sdl the examinations. At the general election in this year, he 



Ti WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. 

was again returned for Yorkshire. He now appears to have given the whole of 
his time to investigating the Slave Trade, and in composing his work upon Prac- 
tical Christianity. In 1791, he again moved the Abolition Question ; when, it 
being lost by 88 to 163 votes, Mr. Clarkson and Dr. Dickson were dispatched 
through the country, to circulate the evidence, debate, &c., and awaken the 
people to the importance of the subject. He entered upon the year 1792, with 
resolutions of greater watchfulness than in the previous year : he says, '* I will 
watch and pray, or God may punish my carelessness by suflfering me to fall a 
prey to sin. Christ says, through his apostle, 'Be not conformed to this world.' 
Do thou teach me, Lord, the true limits of conformity. . . I humbly resolve 
to press forward, and apply diligently to the throne of grace, that Christ may be 
made to me wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption." 
To such a pitch was the zeal of the Abolitionists at this time raised, that many 
abstained from using West Indian produce until the measure should be carried, an 
extreme resolve which Mr. Wilberfoice did not sanction. In April 2nd, his 
motion in parliament was again put by, though strenuously supported by Fox 
and Pitt ; but a motion for gradual Abolition was carried by 238 to 85, which 
Mr. Wilberforce acknowledges to have turned out better than he expected ; and 
at length, a bill fixing the period of the Abolition for January 1, 1795, passed the 
Commons, but was postponed in the Lords to the ensuing session. The violence 
of his opponents now became alarming : among them was a West Indian cap- 
tain, who first challenged Mr. Wilberforce for alleged misrepresentation, and then 
lay wait for him. Yet he closed the year high in public estimation, rich in private 
friends, and his spirit strengthening into tranquil vigour, as religion took a firmer 
hold upon his character. 

In 1792, he exerted himself in and out of parliament to prevent war, and to 
counteract French revolutionary principles ; but the ensuing war led to his first 
great diflference with Pitt. Abolition now became unpopular, and the motion 
was lost in the Commons. Nothing daunted, early in 1793, Wilberforce again 
moved its consideration, and it was again lost ; but he carried a bill for limiting the 
Slave importations into our own colonies. He next proposed a plan of national 
religious instruction for India ; and appears to have been busy upon his work on 
Practical Christianity. In 1794, he supported a bill in parliament for the Better 
Observance of Sunday ; and carried his Foreign Slave Trade Bill through'the 
Commons. In 1795, he opposed the Address on the King's Speech ; and by this 
advocacy of peace, he lost temporarily the friendship of Pitt, and his general 
popularity, and was even cut by the king at the next levee. His Abolition motion 
was next rejected by an increased majority ; Pitt did not desert the cause on 
account of his recent political diflference with Mr. Wilberforce ; but their inter- 
course was renewed. He next moved for Peace, and this displeased his consti- 
tuents ; but shortly after Pitt professed to agree with him upon peace, addressed 
a letter to him signed, " Yours sincerely and aflFectionately." 

In 1796, Mr. Wilberforce carried his Abolition Bill for 1795, but lost his 
Slave Carrying Bill. In the spring he was seriously ill, but recovered in time to 
secure his re-election ; and in his retirement he projected a Missionary Institu- 
tion, and a General Convention for Abolition. In 1797» he completed and pub- 
lished his work. Practical Christianity, which his publisher Mr. Cadell, thought, 
with the author's name, might sell, to the extent of five hundred copies ; but, 
within a few days it was out of print, and within half a-year, five editions 
(7,500 copies) were called for. This year, he again lost his Abolition motion ; 
and set about the formation of the Church Missionary Society. On May 30, he 
was married to Barbara Ann, eldest daughter of Isaac Spooner, Esq., of Elmdon 
Hall, county of Warwick; and his first visit with his bride was to Mrs. Hannah 
More. In his retrospect, he records :— " An eventful year with me — ^my book — 
my marriage — health restored in sickness. How ungrateful have I been, and 
how often tempting God to withdraw from me ! But his mercy endureth for 
ever; and the vilest, prostrating himself before him with penitence and faith in 
the blood of Jesus, nay obtain remission of his sins, and the spirit of renewing 
grace. This is my hope — here I rest my foot.** 

In 1798, Mr. Wiiberforce*8 first act in aid of Abolition was, by the zealous aid 



WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. vU 

of Mr. Stephen/ and a timely remonstrance to Mr. Pitt, to get rescinded an order 

in council favouring Slavery in our newly acquired West Indian settlements. 

Meanwhile, he laboured hard to promote the better observance of the Sabbath ; 

one great object being to stop the Sunday entertainments of the Speaker of the 

House of Commons ; but this waa defeated. The Abolition Question was again 
lost, though for the first time openly supported by the eloquence of Mr. Canning. 
This year Mr. Wilberforce proposed the commencement of the ChrUiian Observer, 
the first nuinber of which did not, however, appear till January 1801 ; several of 
its early articles are from his pen. His charities at this time were very numerous ; 
the incomplete record of the year thus accounts for more than £2000. In 1799, 
the Abolition Bill was again lost ; and while supporting the Slave Trade Limita- 
tion Bill, he was taken seriously ill, and compelled to leave the house. He next 
aided a measure for suppressing Sunday newspapers, and defended its enactments 
from the gibes of Mr. Sheridan ; but it was thrown out. 

In 1800, Mr. Wilberforce approved of the rejection of Bonaparte's offer to 
treat for peace ; and this being a year of scarcity, his attempts to remedy the 
distress of the lower classes were unwearied. The year 1801 opened dark and 
threatening : '* what tempests," says his Journal, *' rage around, and how are we 
urged to seek for that peaceful haven, which alone can insure real security and 
happiness!" This year his charities, *'much increased by the distress of the 
times,'' amounted to £3,173. In politics, he supported Addington's ministry, 
which gained ground by the popularity of the Peace. In 1802, the Abolition cause 
had better hopes from the New Ministry, though not until Addington had been 
urged by Pitt and Wilberforce ; but the latter gave up the usual motion for this 
year : he obtained for Dr. Carmichael Smyth's discovery of fumigation a national 
reward of £5000. Parliament was then dissolved : at the next election Mr. Wil- 
berforce was chosen, for the fourth time, member for Yorkshire, and he 
attracted much attention in opening the first debate of the new parliament : 
Hannah More mentions his "famous speech on foreign policy," which made 
her regret having " cut oflf the expense of a London paper." In 1803 Mr. Wil- 
berforce humanely interested himself for one Finley, in Newgate, under sentence 
of death for forgery, and he was the means of his conversion to the ways of 
God. Illness and the renewed war prevented his bringing on the Abolition ques- 
tion this session : he proposed the Volunteer System, and subscribed £500 towards 
the expenses. This year he co-operated with others, in framing the Bible Society, 
the catholic aspect of which delighted his large and liberal mind. In the autumn, 
he narrowly escaped falling into the Avon river, by a chair breaking with him 
whilst seated reading on the bank. 

In 1804, the second reading of the Abolition Bill was carried in the Commons 
by 102 to 44, and in a few days it passed the Committee ; but in the Lords it was 
adjourned to the following session. In the summer, we find him " scribbling" 
for the Christian Observer, and the Edinburgh Review, and corresponding with 
Mr. Brougham, who had humanely so shaped his course in a continental tour 
as to benefit the great question of Abolition. The 1st of January, 1805 /ound 
Mr. Wilberforce too busy to write much, " yet desiring to record the goodness of 
the Lord ; His great forbearance and long suffering ; His kindness during the 
last year in preserving us and our dear children, &c: But I must stop and go to 
prayer." The Abolition Bill was this year lost ; he spoke with great effect in 
the debate on Lord Melville, and was in the majority against Fox's motion 
on Catholic Emancipation. On receiving the news of Nelson's victory and 
death, this year, Mr. Wilberforce was " so overcome that he could not go on 
reading for tears." At the time of Pitt's death, January 22, 1806, Mr. Wil- 
berforce was endeavouring to raise a subscription to pay the minister's debts ; 
and at his funeral, he was one of those who bore the banner which preceded the 
coffin : in his Journal he notes, ** what thoughts occurred to me when I saw the 
coffin letting down, and just before me ! I thought of our appearance before 
God in heaven. May the impression be durable." Mr. Wilberforce was at the 
general election this year returned a fifth time for Yorkshire, without a contest ; 
and his popularity there was very great. 

In 1807, Mr. Wilberforce published his memorable Letter to the Freeholders of 



viii WILLIAM WILBERFORCK 

Yorlcshire on the Slave Trade ; and in the same year, he carried his Abolition Bill 
through both houses of parliament : congratulations now poured in upon him, 
and he, in his own Journal wrote, " Oh, what thanks do I owe the Giver of all 
good, for bringing me in his gracious providence to this great cause, which, at 
length, after almost nineteen years* labour, is successful !" A change of ministry 
and dissolution of parliament followed, and Mr. Wilberforce was returned for 
Yorkshire, for the sixth time, at the head of the poll, the sum of £64,455 being 
subscribed in little more than a week, towards his expenses ; the joint expenses 
of his two opponents were £200.000. In 1808, he supported Catholic Emanci- 
pation, and was very active in the Smithfield-Market Committee : he was often 
kept throughout the week at his lodgings in Westminster, though he had a 
cheerful house at Kensington Gore. Here he began the day by communing with 
God and himself, and then joining his assembled household in prayer — a service 
which he conducted himself, and with peculiar interest. In entering upon his 
house at Kensington, he was almost uneasy about its handsomeness, lest he 
should spend too much money upon it, so as to curtail his charities. In 1 809, 
we can only mention his attendance at the anniversary of the Bible Society, 
which he describes as a grand and pleasing spectacle — "five or six hundred 
people of all sects and parties, with one heart, and face, and tongue.'' 

Mr. Wilberforce's activity in parliament now precludes our detailing the several 
measures proposed by him. In 1810, we find him still labouring for the Abo- 
litionists : at this time, he passed the summer in retirement in the south of Eng- 
land with his children, to live among whom was his great delight. He invariably 
passed Sunday with them ; when, in returning with him from the House of God, 
they would repeat to him in the carriage, hymns or verses, or passages, from his 
favourite Cowper. On other days, he carried them out with him on little excur- 
sions, and joined often in their amusements. He carefully observed his chil- 
dren's characters ; and for two of his sons, when at school, he drew up certain 
directions for '* Brotherly Love and Conduct." 

The parliamentary session of 1811, with its multifarious bustle, pressed so 
heavily upon Mr. Wilberforce, as to lead him to think of retiring from the repre- 
sentation of Yorkshire ; but his friends persuaded him to remain. Foremost 
among his useful efforts and benevolent designs this year were African matters, 
and North-American Indians ; especially the improvement of the condition of 
Negroes. His attention was, early in 1812, occupied with the Slave Registry 
Bill, (that essential safeguard of the Abolition Bill,) in co-operation with Ste- 
phen, Romilly, and Brougham. Religious societies, most of which he had seen 
arise around him since his entrance into public life, now occupied much of his 
attention. In his Diary, May 1 1, is a record of the assassination of Mr. Perce- 
val ; William Smith, who was close to the minister when he dropped, thought it 
was Wilberforce till he looked in his face. Mr. W. visited " the poor wretch 
Bellingham in prison — a striking face; at times, he shed tears, or had shed 
them ; but strikingly composed and mild, though haggard." This year, Mr. Wil- 
berforce retired from Yorkshire, and was returned for Bramber. In 1813, he 
supported Catholic Emancipation, and the Missionary Cause in the East Indies : 
for the latter there were a greater number of petitions than were ever known ; 
these " carried the question instrumentally, the good providence of God really." 
In 1815, he proposed a Convention for Abolition, and had a gratifying interview 
with the Emperor Alexander on the subject : he next carried an Address to the 
Prince Regent on the Slave Trade, backed by more than eight hundred petitions, 
with near a million of signatures.* The Duke of Wellington was now a warm 
supporter of the Abolitionists. 

In 1815, Mr. Wilberforce added Haytif to bis correspondence with *'the four 

* Bonaparte had abolished the Slave Trade in the French dominions ; but the first act of the 
restored King of France was ** the restoration of a trade in slavery and blood." — Mr. Wilberforce*8 
Speech. Better things were expected from Louis XVIII., especially as the Abolitionists had presented 
to him Mr. Wilberforce's work upon the Slave Trade, and Mr. Stephen's most impressive letter ; and 
the king had promised to make himself master of the subject. 

t A letter to Mr. Wilberforce, from a Haytian correspondent, of eighty-five ounces, was charged 
j£'37 I0«., which Mr. Hatchard prudently *' refused ;" but the Post- OfiSce handsomely let him off for 
a pepper-corn of 78,, which he gladly paid. 



WILLIAM WILBERFORCB. ix 

quarters of the globe/' on the Slave Trade. In parliament, he supported the 
Com Law Bill, and thvs endangered his house from the rioters. Of the Battle 
of Waterloo he received very early intelligence from Blocher's aid-de-camp, who 
« was charged to acquaint Mr. Wilberforce with all that had passed." In the 
autumn, he visited Brighton, and was invited to the Pavilion by the Prince Re- 
gent, who reminded him of his singing at the Duchess of Devonshire's ball in 
1782, of the particular song, and of their then first knowing each other : he 
dined with the prince — " quite the English gentleman at the head of his own 
table." This year Mr. Wilberforce lost three dear friends — Henry Thornton, 
John Bowdler, and Mrs. H. Thornton ; from the death-bed of the latter he went, 
and made a most impressive speech to the Brighton Bible Society. In 1816, he 
was much occupied with an Appeal to the Abolitionists. In 181 7, he was friendly 
to Reform, as the best panacea for the seditious times ; but be could not support it 
in parliament from indisposition, which also prevented his meeting the Queen at 
Gloucester House ; which illness made alarming inroads on his weak constitu- 
tion. On his next parliamentary attendance, he strongly opposed the Lottery 
Question. The year 1818 was an important era in the West India struggle, in 
which the proven extent of crime and cruelty, shewed there to be no cure for the 
evils of the system, short of its entire subversion. The word Emancipation now first 
occurs amongst Wilberforce's secret counsels : i. e., not depriving the owners of 
West Indian properties of their present right to the labour of their slaves, but only 
granting to the slave his civil rights. He was now engaged on the Education 
Committee, '' by Brougham's desire," and in the National Society ; in the latter, 
he complains of being falsely " suspected of loose attachment to the Church," 
because he " did not hate the Dissenters." He passed the autumn at the Lakes, 
where he was much gratified with the attentions of his friends Southey and 
Wordsworth, and the congenial sublimity of the scenery. 

In 1819> Mr. Wilberforce renewed bis Slave Trade exertions, he also supported 
the Quakers' Petition on the severity of the Penal Code, and Sir James Mackin- 
tosh on Capital Punishments ; and closed his labours of the session by an Address 
to the Regent on the Slave Trade. He opposed Mr. Owen, of Lanark, on ac- 
count of his substituting knowledge for religion ; and in his Correspondence, he 
stigmatizes newspapers as " among the greatest, if not the greatest, evils of the 
country." His conduct in the affair of Queen Caroline, in 1820, was that of 
conciliation : he it was who moved an adjournment in parliament, to give time 
for a private settlement ; during the interval, he sent his son with an earnest 
letter to the king, entreating him to restore the queen's name to the Liturgy ; and 
he subsequently addressed two letters, and presented an Address from the Com- 
mons, entreating the queen to give up the point : the failure of this attempt drew 
upon him much abuse ; but he had been misled by the pledge of the queen's chief 
law-adviser, that her Majesty would accede to the Address. He considers Cob- 
bett's letter to him on the subject as " very clever, but very mischievous, and full 
of falsehoods ;" and after lamenting the evil of the inquiry, adds : '* We marry 
our kings and queens contrary to the laws of God and of nature, and from this 
source proceed the evils which I am now anxious to avoid. I am strongly im- 
pressed with a feeling for the queen's situation in early life, and in what I lately 
proposed, her advantage was especially intended." {Speech, <5'cO In the following 
year, he supported the motion for restoring the queen's name to the Liturgy, and 
attempted an adjustment of the question. He next supported Catholic Emancipa- 
tion, in his speech cleverly remarking, that we had " delivered the Roman Catho- 
lics from prison," but "insisted on their wearing the gaol-dress." In 1822, he 
finished his Abolition Letter to the Emperor Alexander ; and on the same topic 
addressed a Letter, drawn up by Canning, to the Pope. In 1823, he published his 
celebrated Abolition Manifesto; and from increasing infirmities, gave up the 
Emancipation motion to Mr. Buxton : yet, at home, he was active as usual, and 
even his breakfast-table was sometimes crowded by a consultation on the Slave 
cause. In 1824, his health greatly declined : he next supported a motion respecting 
Missionary Smith, at Demarara; and on June 11, 1824, he made his last speech 
in parliament, on presenting a protest against the Government Abolition plan, 
concluding with these prophetic words : " Liberavi animam meam. May it please 



X WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. 

God to disappoint my expectations, and to render the result more favourable thsth 
I anticipate." Ten days later he spoke at a meeting held in honour of James 
Watt; in a day or two he was again taken ill, and retired for the rest of the year. 

In 1825, Mr. Wilberforce, warned by repeated illness, resolved to retire from 
parliament ; upon hearing which, Southey well observed : " I will not say that I 
am sorry for it, because I hope you have retired in time, and will therefore live the 
longer, as well as more for yourself; but that House will not look upon your like 
again." To two of his sons, who had requested him to send them his last frank, 
Wilberforce wrote on the day of his retirement. He now withdrew from London 
altogether, first to Uxbridge, and then to Highwood Hill, "just beyond the disk of 
the metropolis.'' In 1826, he appears to have been again engaged on West India 
inquiries. The chief feature of 1827f was a progress which he made, after an 
interval of almost 28 years, through his native county, to revisit the scenes of 
his childhood and early youth; whence, after paying 36 visits, he returned to High- 
wood. In 1828, he prepared to erect a chapel on Highwood Hill, which was 
three miles distant from church : this chapel was commenced, though at Mill 
Hill, in 1829, but, owing to opposition which we have not room to explain, the 
building and consecration were delayed until a few days after the death of Mr. 
Wilberforce, when it was named *' St. Paul's," and opened for worship. 

Although retired from public life, and greatly reduced in health, Mr. Wilber- 
force, in various ways, continued to favour the great principles of the Abolition- 
ists ; and on May 15, 1830, with a weakened voice and enfeebled frame, he took 
the chair at a great meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society, at Freemasons' Hall, 
when all the old friends of the cause gathered round him ; this being the last 
time he took any public part in London for this cause. " The fruit of this effort 
was reaped in the elections which succeeded, when Yorkshire, which had ever 
led the way in the great cause, chose four representatives pledged to Emancipa- 
tion, and amongst them Henry Brougham— though unconnected with the county 
— because he was its advocate." "The election,'' Mr. Wilberforce heard from 
him, " turned very much upon Slavery ; your name was in every mouth, and 
your health the most enthusiastically received." 

In 1831, Mr. Wilberforce relinquished his house at Highwood, and from heavy 
losses, was compelled greatly to diminish his establishment ; he now proposed to 
divide the year between the houses of his second and third sons ; that of the 
latter being in the Isle of Wight, and of the former in the neighbourhood of 
Maidstone.* Here, to the great joy of those he visited, his remaining years were 
spent ; though " personal reasons forbid the veil being lifted from his life as here- 
tofore." He still paid a few visits to old friends, and one of these carrying him 
to Battersea Rise in the autumn of 1832, whilst there, Mr. Richmond took his 
admirable whole-length portrait of him. He remained vigorous on the Slave 
Trade, and upon April 12, 1833, he even proposed at a meeting in the town of 
Maidstone, a petition against Slavery, to which he affixed his signature. His 
judgment and voice were also clear on the principle of Compensation for a change 
in the West Indian system ; and he hailed with joy the grant of 20 millions. To 
the very end, this his earliest object roused him into animation : when it was 
casually mentioned at dinner, that " at this moment, probably, the debate on 
Slavery is just commencing," he sprung up from his chair, and with his clear 
voice startled his surrounding friends by suddenly exclaiming, in a most striking 
manner, " Hear, hear, hear." 

* East Farleigh, to the vicarage of which place Lord Chancellor Brougham had just presented the 
Rev. Robert Wilberforce, one of the authors of the Life named at the third page of this Memoir. 
The circumstance is thus gratefully recorded by Mr. Wilberforce in a letter, dated April, 1832, p. 330. 
*' You will join me I am sure," he tells more than one amongst his friends, '* in being thankful as 
well as rejoiced in my being able to inform you that Lord Brougham has given to my second son, 
(or rather I may say to me,) quite spontaneously and very handsomely, the living of East Farleig:h. 
The parsonage is very little above a mile distant from Barham Court,. and tiiere must be many plea- 
sant circumstances in being so near the residence, library, park, &c., of an old ftlend, of such dimen- 
sions. This event comes in such a way as strongly to confirm the persuasion that it is an indication 
of the favour of God ; and I cannot but recognise a providential hand in Lord Brougham's being 
prompted to make the appointment just when we were in want of such a settlement and residence ; 
though Lord Brougham knew nothing of the matter, and was quite unconsciously the instrument of 
granting us our wish." 



WILLIAM WILBERFORCE. xi 

"And now the time was come, when his dust was to return to the earth, and 
his spirit to God who gave it." On April 20, he left East Farleigh ; and after a 
short visit to the Isle of Wight, on May 17y arrived at Bath, to the waters of 
which place he, in great measure, owed the prolongation of his life till his 74th 
year. Bat here his strength visibly declined ; and all his thoughts and conver- 
sation began to savour of the better world to which he was drawing near. On 
July 6, he was taken ill, suddenly, while sitting at dinner : he partially recovered, 
and after he had spent two months at Bath, on July IT^ left for London, and on 
the. 19th, arrived in Cadogan Place, Sloane Street. The Bill for the Abolition of 
Slavery was read for the second time in the House of Commons on the night of 
Friday the 26th, and the last public information that he received was, that his 
country was willing to redeem itself from the national disgrace at any sacrifice. 
*' Thank God,'' said he, "that I should live to witness a day in which England 
is willing to give 20 millions sterling for the Abolition of Slavery." During an 
interval on Sunday evening, " I am in a very distressed state,*' he said, alluding 
apparently to his bodily condition. " Yes," it was answered, *' but you have 
your feet on the Rock.** '* I do not venture," he replied, *' to speak so positively ; 
but I hope I have." After this expression of his humble trust, witn but one 
groan he entered into that world where pain and doubt are for ever at an end. 
He died at three o'clock in the morning of Monday, July 29th, aged 73 years 
and 1 1 months. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, on Saturday, August 5, 
the procession being joined by the leading members of the two Houses of Par- 
liament. " Public business was suspended; the Speaker of the House of Com- 
mons, the Lord Chancellor, one Prince of the Blood, with others of the highest 
rank, took their places as pall-bearers beside the bier. It was followed by his 
sons, his relations, and immediate friends. The Prebendary then in residence, 
one of his few surviving college friends, met it at the Minster Gate with the 
church's funeral office ; and whilst the vaulted roof gave back the anthem, his 
body was laid in the north transept, close to the tombs of Pitt, Fox, and 
Canning." 

A subscription was immediately opened among Mr. Wilberforce's friends in 
London ; and his statue has been placed in Westminster Abbey. At York, a 
county asylum for the blind has been founded in honour of him ; while his towns- 
men of Hull have raised a column to his memory. Great part of our coloured popu- 
lation in the West Indies went into mourning at the news of his death ; and the 
same honour was paid him by this class of persons at New York ; where also an 
eulogium was pronounced upon him by a person publicly selected for the task. 



To sum up the characteristics of this excellent man would be an agreeable task 
for the editor of this brief sketch, had he not found it already most ably executed 
in the Life. Thus, of Mr. Wilberforce's powers of speaking, so lately as the year 
1825:— 

'* His place as a mere orator was still amongst the very first When he spoke 
indeed on Uie common subjects of political dispute, the effects of age were in a degree 
visible ; but to the very last, when he lighted on a thoroughly congenial subject, he 
broke out into those strains which made Sir Samuel Romilly esteem him * the most 
efficient speaker in the House of Commons,' and which had long before led Pitt him- 
self to say repeatedly, * Of all the men I ever knew, Wilberforce has the greatest 
natural eloquence.'* Mr. Morritt seems to have formed a very accurate conception 
both of bis ordinary powers of speaking and of that measure or decay which they at 
last exhibited. 

'* Wilberforce held a high and conspicuous place in oratory, even at a time when 
English eloquence rivalled whatever we read of m Athens or in Rome. His voice itself 
was beautiful ; deep, clear, articulate, and flexible. I think his greatest premeditated 
efforts were made for the abolition of the trade in Slaves, and in supporting some of 
the measures brought forward by Pitt for the more effectual suppression of revolu- 
tionary machinations ; but he often rose unprepared in mixed debate, on the impulse of 
the moment, and seldom sat down without having struck into that higher tone of 
general reasoning and vivid illustration, which left on his hearers the impression of 

* Commanicated by Lord Harrowby. 



xii WILLIAM WILBERFOllCiE. 

-power beyond what the occasion had called forth. .... I always felt, and have often 
heard it remarked by others, that in all his speeches, long or short, there was generally 
at least from five to ten minutes of brilliance, which even the best orator in the House 
might have envied." 

Of the causes of his cheerfulness, it is remarked : — 

" The sketch of this vigorous and cheerfiil mind would be exceedingly imperfect if no 
hint were given of the hidden springs by which its freshness was maintained. A 
merely cheerful age is a melancholy sight to thoughtful men. * It quite lowers my 
spirits,' was his own declaration at the conclusion of a visit,* * to see people past seventy 
so little apparently estranging themselves from worldly objects ; it is most painful to 
me not to be able to converse with tiiem on religion.' His own cheerfulness rested on 
a surer basis. He was often thoughtfully retracing all * the way which the Lord by 
his God had led him.' * How striking is the change of fifty years — then Samuel Smith 
and I travelled as bachelors, and now he has a house full of descendants ; and I also 
have five children and a grandchild living, besides a daughter and sweet little grandson 
gone, I humbly trust, to a better world. Praise the Lord, O my soul. My dear, and I 
trust imparadised, child's birth-day.'f 

*< This same tone of thought may be traced in his letters to.those with whom he was 
most intimate. ' It is one of my frequent subjects of gi^tude and praise, though, not 
as frequently as it ought to be, that in the kind providence of God I was borir ixt 
Englishman. Go through the whole earth, and enumerate every part of it, and you will 
find nothing like our own country. An Englishman too in this period of our country's 
existence, and in the middle station of life, &c.' &c. &c. We do not, I am sure I do 
not, live sufficiently under the constant influence of this spirit of thankfulness ; and I 
believe there is not any one, who has at all observed the dealings of Providence in his 
own instance with anything like a due measure of attention, who will not have seeH 
many, mauy particulars in which he has been deeply indebted to the preventing or 
directing grace of God." 

Lastly, of the spring of his happiness, the reverend biographers observe : — 

" It is impossible to conclude this history without observing the striking testimony 
which it bears to that inspired dictate — * Godliness has the promise of the life that now 
is as well as of that which is to come.' K ever any man drew a prosperous lot in 
this life, he did so who has been here described. Yet his Christian faith was from 
first to last his talisman of happiness. Without.it the buoyancy of his youthful spirits 
led to a frivolous waste of life, not more culpable than unsatisfying. With it came 
Ipfty conceptions, — an energy which triumphed over sickness and languor, the coldness 
of friends and the violence of enemies, — ^a calmness not to be provoked, — ^a persever; 
anee which repulse could not baffle. To these virtues was owing the happiness of his 
active days. Through the power of the same sustaining principle, his affection towards 
his fellow creatures was not dulled by the intercourse of life, nor his sweetness of 
temper impaired by the irritability of age. A firm trust in God, an nndeviating sub- 
mission to His will, an overflowing thankfulness,^these maintained in him to the last 
that cheerfulness which this world could neither give nor take away. They poured 
even upon his earthly pilgrimage the anticipated radiance of that brighter 1*ejgioii,. to 
which he has now doubtless been admitted. For * the pira of the just is like 

THE ^HIldNO LIGHT, WHICH 6HINETH MORE AND MORE UNTO THE PERFECT DAY.' " 
* Letter to the Rev. R. I. Willjerforce. t Diary, July 29, 1839, at Wood Hall. 



*^* The attractive interest of the annexed precis of the Life of Mr. Wilber- 
FORCE has induced the editor to extend it to the two pages usually occupied by a 
" Preface;" in the absence of which, the reader is referred to the *' Address" at 
page 128, in explanation of the change in the property and editorship of the pre- 
sent work. ' I. T. 



Z'^t MiVKCK 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTTON. 
X*. 1040.] SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, ln41. [I'hicf 2rf. 




THE MIRROR. 



A CHINESE REVIEW AND of blue cotton, stuffed with a kind of felt or 

ENCAMPMENT. wadding, studded all over with brass knobs, 

and bound round the middle with a girdle, 
Our engraving presents a view of a Chinese |^ ^ ^^hich the sabre is appended behind, and 
encampment, circularly shaped, with the tent ^^ ^-^q ^^^^ gi^e^ not the left. On the head 
of the generalissimo of the army in the centre, ^jjgy ^^^^ ^ helmet of leather, or gilt paste- 
before whom the troops pass in review, at ijoard, which flaps on each side, covering the 
their respective military exercises and games, cheeks and falling upon the shoulders. The 
Some appear as gymnasts wrestling, others ^pper part is exactly like an inverted funnel, 
ghooting with the bow into broad targets, y^^y^ ^ i(j„g pjpg terminating in a kind of 
others performing equestrian feats erect on gpear, on which is bound a tuft of long hair, 
horseback, or while riding at their swiftest, ^y^^ ^f ^ scarlet colour. 
Parthian-like, discharging their arrows. Ho- 
magers are seen bending before the centre pa- military statistics. 
▼ilion, which is flanked by two other oblong Yot the internal and external protection of 
tents, wherein are seated, cross-legged, the ^^^ empire, there is always kept an immense 
commandant mandarins. Great tents with gtauding army. The estimates vary, the in- 
circular domes, as also innumerable pyramidal fontry fluctuating between 800,000 and 1 ,000, 
ones, cover the spaces of the enclosure; while ^qq. ^he cavalry, 500,000 and 800,000. The 
the whole is surrounded by a fence or ram- expenses of this body are thus drawn up by 
put formed of matting and bamboos, and sur- L^^d Macartney from the information of Van- 
mounted by vari- coloured flags. The openings ta-gin :— 
to the encampment are skirted by files of arms, . ^, ^^ , . ^ ^ , ... „ 

^„„ v^«r« Xrn xMnih tTiAir i*AsnPof.iv0 1.000,000 iufiintry, at two ouncM of silver . Oz. 

i^ean, cross-bows, &c., w^h their jespective ^^^ ^^^ provUioM iacluded - §4 ooo.ooo 

guards. Picket-tents skirt the bases of the g^^ ^00 cavalrv, at four ounce, each. pro. 

mountains, while the cattle and horses ot tne ^^.^^^ g„^ f^^^^ iududed - - - 38,400.000 

troops run loose in the background. The gOO.OOO horses, cost at twenty ounces each. 

above view was taken by the very learned 16.000.000 oz. the annual wear and tear 

lidseionary, S. Johannes Damascenus, just be- at 10 per cent 1,600.000 

fore the Chinese Expedition of Little Bucharia, Uniforms for 1.800,000 men, once a-y^ar, at 

at the close of the ^mpaign of 1758, and the four ounces - - - - ■ - 7^0.000 

^1 r^j „„ '^^xri^^ntr 4Kft Yearly wear and tear of arms, accoutrements 

general here represented as reviewing the ^^^^J^J contingencies at one ounce per man 1.800.000 

troops was Tchao-Hoei. 

We shall now enter more fully into the ^dd to this, the salaries of the Commanders, '^^'^^^'^^^ 

army statistics, which the engraving at every Commissioners. &c. - - - - 1,974,450 



point suggests:- ^^^ Total ounces l^i^Ii^O 

The tents of the Chinese army are either ^^d as no allowance is made in the above 
made of coarse linen, and fixed on a wooden estimate for the expense of artillery, tents, 
frame, fourteen feet long, and five and a half ^^r equipage, nor for the building and keep- 
high, or they are round and covered with grey jng Jq repair the military posts, the flags, cere- 
felts. The latter are peculiar to the Tartars, monial dresses, waggons, musical bands, all of 
Five soldiws occupy each tent, together vdth ^hich are included in the extraordinaries of 
two camp-followers, whose duty it is to pitch tj^e army, these may probably be equal to the 
and dismantle it. ordinaries; thus, the whole military establish - 

BANNEBS. ment would require the sum of 149,948,900 

Each company consists of twenty-five men, ounces or 49,982,933/. sterling.* 

and has its own standard, which is triangular . If this be admitted as accurate, and there 

andabout sixfeet high; hence the Chinese army w no reason for supposing the contrary, the 

is estimated by the number of banners; but in revenue will be found amply sufficient to meet 

the Tartar army each company has one hun- the expences of so apparently enorinous an 

dredmen.* The colours of these banners vary estabUshment. For, if the King of Prussia, 

in the Tartar regiments, being either red, yel- the monarch of a small indistinguishable 

low. or blue, with or without borders; among speck on the globe, when put m comparison 

the Chinese, they are usually green. with the empire of China, can keep up an 

' "^ army of 180,000 or 200,000 men, there appears 

DBE88 OF THE SOLDIERY. notlung either extravagant or extraordinary 

'^^ "^"^.^.2^:1.^^:1^^ Lre^Wm*^hreXr^«^^^ 
ss^^v^thSK!:;'Xy^?oT^^^^^ ^^^^^^:^^ *-- -^^* * ^0- - ^^ 

wStr long pantaloona; some breeches, vnth ^ing of Prussia.t 

itockingSOfcottoncloth; others petticoats and European troops, for it was by them, accord! ojf to 
W>tB. The bowmeni* wear long loose gowns V.in-ta-gin, that, after a severe en};a^ment in Tinbet, 

the matchlocks had d?ue much more execuliuu tliau 

* Hatimann. Annals of Oriental Lttcmture, p. 153 the firelocks. 

t Th« Chinese soldiers all give a piefurence to the * Barrow's Travels in China, p. 406, 
eluBisy matchlocks over the firelocks now in use amorK' t Ibid. p. 407* 



THE MIRROR. 3 

MTLiTABY RANKS AND TITLES. OH little piecps cf ground, from the produce ot 

. . , , which, in addition to a small pay, they draw 

The ratiks and titles of tho officers in the their subsistence. These men must be always 

Chinese army are these :— more farmers than soldiers. 

Tartars. The force stationed near tho capital, along 

X. The Tsyang-Kyun, or General comman'ling 3000 the frontier, and in the conquered countries, 

■"*"•_, is probably of a different and more martial 

i SrlSt;^- ^^ ^'••"♦T"* ^°*"^' ^^' description. It consists chiefly of Tartars, - 

a Ku-OMn, or Colonel. '^i » ,., i».. •'i v_ Ix,^ 

4 TMoling. or Lientenaut-colonel of Cavalry. » people of warlike habits, and whom the 

5 Fang-^u, or CHpiain. present government seeks, of course, to render 
6. Byao-Ki'Kyno, or Lieutenant. a^ effective as possible. Every individual of 

3. Cfdmese. this nation is, at his birth, enrolled as a 

I. Ti-tu, or Commander of tlie Troopii in a province, soldier. He receives high pay and occasional 

^'y>r «^ « 1 .., ^ ». . donations, and follows, it is probable, no other 

^;^^^^^y^*'^'^^^''^'»^^'^'^^'y^''9-^y^''' profession than that of arms. The whole of 

.1 7'song-pimg. ur Geueral. 3000. the Tartars,* therefore, with the limited num- 

4. Fu'tsyang, or Adjutaut-Keueral. ber of natives joined to tliem, may be consi- 

5. Tsang-fsi/ang or Brigade-Mnjor. dered as the standing army. They have, in- 

7 SS.'^k"orSt:2'nant>colo«el. d^ed, only partially adopted the improved 

8 Tsyen't*4mg. or Captain. arms and discipliuo which have given such a 

9. Patsong, or Lieutenant. superiority to European troops. Their artil- 

10. fTaX-wei. or Seijeant. l^ry is scanty, and iu bad condition, the bow 

The whole number of miUtary mandarins may ^^f. *Jlf ^J"^^' ^^ >^ t^« ^^^^ of Zinghis, being 

be estimated at 20,000. The present dynasty «<^ *^« favourite weapon. The science of 

has been extremely solicitous to maintain an ^f.T °^"«* ^^ '\*,Tf^y }^^ ^*f ^®' !f' ^ ^'•• 

efficient standing army ; and established, Elhs observes, bodily strength and courage 

some short time since, public examinations for *»® ^tiU accounted the chief requisites in a 

the miUtary, with a iegnlar gradation of ho- f^'?'"5?^5^ .^b« troops are geuemUy said 

norary titles similar to those conferred on the *<> ,*>« ^^^'^^^ ^°Jj ^7^ classes ; viz. Tartar ca- 

best proficients in literature.* ''*^'" V'?.??*^*? *^® nu'^ ' ^-^^^I '"^''*^ 

'^ armed with the bow ; Chinese infantry armod 

MILITARY REWARDS AND HONOURS. ^^^ bows ; the samo infantry armed with 

- ^. ., ,j. u .J matchlocks: lastly, tigers of war, who bear 

In vrar.time, the soldier receives, besides y^^^^^^ them shields painted with strange and 

his cnstomary pay, six months m advance, grotesque figures, with the view of terrifying 

and the government gives his fajiily part of f^^ ^ ^ l^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ suspected thi5 

fas pay for their subsistence. The pay of a t^esa la^t gentlemen, with their formidable 

foot-soldier is about 18. 4./. per month, and gorgon- shields, if they at all frighten the 

that of the cavalry 1/. 17x. 6^/. Irtish soldier, it will be into hysterics-of 

Military rewards in China are very great, lauirhter 
specially those bettowed on officers who have ^^ ^^.^^^ ^^^^ ^ 1^^ reputation a8 

ftiUen m defence of their country. Either soldiers, and it has been confidentl> sorted, 

their whole armour their ashes, their bones, ^^^ ^j^; ^^^ naturally poltroons. Such a 

or their entire bodies are conveyed t^ their eonclusion, however, may have been formed 

relations, fhe body of an officer or the hair ^^ j^^'^^ ^^^^^ ^.p^^ impression that 

f *; common soldier, is thus often transported, ^hina is wholly inefficient a^ a military power, 
to the distance of a thousand or fifteen hun- ^^ ^J^ ^ ^^ ,^^^jl ^^.^^^ ^^ ' 

i?^* wP"^*, ^Www .^.^1*T'' ^T"" travellers passing through the interior, whi 

dtent bestows lavishly the highest rewards. ^^ ^^^y ^^^ unwarlike detachments stationed 

VOCATIONS OF THB CHINESE SOLDIERY. <>» t^® PV^^^ ''''^^f ^nd canals. The present 

state and recent history of the empire seem to 

The reigning dynasty have kept up the warrant a different conclusion. It has sub- 

Ounese army to the full amount of its vast dued, and still holds in subjection, the war- 

compljemcut ; but, at the same time, they ij^e tribes of Mongolia and Bucharia, from 

maintain it on a footbg which, though not whom have sprung the most celebrated of the 

unacceptable to the troops, effectually pre- Asiatic conquerors. Her forces in the Thibet 

eludes their attaining any high military cha- war vanquished the Nepaulese, generally con- 

ttcter. Many ofthem perform duty as guards sidered the bravest nation in Hindostan. 

along canals, rivers, and the gates of cities ; There seems little doubt, therefore, that the 

some whose chief occupation is to pay honour empire contains troops of a more formidable 

to distinguished strangers- to put on the sa- character than those which, on occasions of 

tin boots and quilted petticoats of great men. ceremony, appear oii parade in the presence 

Others are employed in the towns as police- of the foreign embassied 

officers, where the little resistance they en- tu , , . ! . i 4 .1 

^ ' . ^ XV ->, i. ^^ :«« ^4f It was the slrikuig co'trast letween the supme- 

couutcr cannot ennro them to any exercise ot j^^^ „„^ madiviiy of Ti Chiuoe Emperor. coni|«red 

prowess. Bat the greater number are located with the itii^h tpiiit »iiii iutiepidiiy of the iuvaUer of 

hUcountr>, which begat the proveib, that " hu IiiiU 

• fcurvc. M«*tro|w»l. p. 562, sab ariiruln ChtM Cim;rht a T.nlar." 

11-2 



THE MIRROR. 



ON THE DEATH OF A FAVOURITE ROBIN. 

f For the Mirror.^ 

i SwEKT minstrel of the garden-bower. 
The tell-tale of the coming Spring, 
Ere buttercup, or daisy flower. 
Their first-born vernal offerings bring. 

No longer can'st thou ciiarm my ear 

At eve, or " purple-vested morn," 
With notes that I have loved to liear. 

So sofily on the breezes borne. 

Hushed is that liquid, airy voice. 

That plaintive song, those " wood-notes wild,** 
Which oft have made my heart rejoice. 

And winter's cheerless gloom beguiled. 

And as thy music-notes no more. 
Shall with their pensive warblings rise. 

E'en so the bard — his fond lay o'er. 
Unnoticed —or unpitied— dies ! 

J. F. 



YELLOW HAIR. 

The women of old time most loved yellow 
hair, and it is found that they introduced this 
colour by saffron, and by long sitting daily in 
the sun; others, instead of saffron, sometimes 
used medicated sulphur.* 

This art of changing their hair with saffron 
was called Crocuphantea. Tertullian, ob- 
serving this artifice, tells them that they are 
ashamed of their country, and would be Gaul- 
ish or Germanic women, so much did they 
disguise themselves; whereby is known how 
much red hair was esteemed in the old time. 

St. Cyprian and St. Jerome with Tertullian 
pronounced, that the seeking by art to pro- 
cure red-tinted hair, presaged to the person 
who sought it, the fire and red flames of hell. 

Galen affirmsf that in his time, numbers of 
women died with the head-ache; neither could 
there be any remedy applied to this evil, be- 
cause they stood a long time bare-headed in 
the sun, to render their hair yellow; and he 
reports, that for the same cause, some of them 
lost their hair, and became bald, and were re- 
duced to Ovid's remedy for that defect, either 
to borrow other women's hair, or to ransack 
the graves of the dead for a dishonest supply. 

Tertullian, speaking hereupon, says,t that 
women were punished for this, their lascivious- 
ness, for that by reason of their daily long 
abode in the sun, their heads were often most 
grievously hurt with the head -ache, and it 
seems when this folly was grown habitual to 
them, it degenerated into dotage; for Lucian§ 
very satirically derides an old woman, who, 
notwithstanding she was seventy years of age, 
yet would she have her hair of a yellow tinc- 
ture, and exhorts the old mother to desist 
from her folly; for though she could colour 
her silver hairs, yet she could not recal her 
youth. 

The Venetian women, even at this day, and 
the Paduan, and those of Verona and other 

* Dr. John Bulwer*8 Artificial Changeling, 
t Galen, lib. i., de vestim^ntis localibus, cap. 19. 
X Tertullian. lib- de oruatu fsmiiiarum. 
§ Lucian in Epigram. 



parts of Italy, practise the same vanity, and 
receive the same recompense for their affecta- 
tion, there being in all these cities, open and 
manifest examples, of those who have under- 
gone a kind of martyrdom to render their hair 
yellow. 

Schenckius relates the history of a certain 
noble gentlewoman,* about sixteen or seven- 
teen years of age, who would expose her bare 
head to the fervent heat of the sun daily for 
some hours, that she might obtain long and 
yellow hair, by anointing it with a certain 
unguent; and although she obtained the effect 
of her desires, yet therewith she procured to 
herself a violent head -ache, and bled almost 
every day abundantly through the nose; and, 
on a time, being desirous to stop the blood by 
the pressing of her nostrils, not far from her 
right eye towards her temple, through a pore, 
as it were by a hole made with a needle's 
point, the blood burst out abundantly, and 
, taking away her fingers, again caused it to 
run through her nose, with other evil causes, 
which laid her dangerously ill. 

Another maiden, also, by using this same 
art, became almost blind with sore eyos.+ 

Painting the hair blue or red has been an- 
ciently noted by many poets, who took occa- 
sion to describe it, as may be seen in Pliny 
and Ovid. 

Had these women known the secrets of the 
cosmetic art invented to this effect, especially 
the harmless and unknowa rarity of Lusita- 
nus,J they might have gone a better way to 
work; or had they known the tincture which 
the Egyptian women used to colour their 
hands and feet into a golden hue,§ they would 
then have had nothing which they might more 
securely use to gild their hair, neither would 
they have needed to have burned themselves 
in the sunbeams, and divers ways offend their 
heads; and Johannes Franciscus the physi- 
cian, observing the exemplary punishments 
which some of these ladies brought upon them- 
selves by an ambition at having yellow hair, 
says: — *' So they who are studious to augment 
their beauty, oftentimes deform themselves." 

This yellow hair was esteemed so great a 
rarity, that oftentimes also the natural crop 
was shaven off, and a yellow periwig clapped 
on instead; this Martial happily ridicules: — 

The golden hair that Galla wears. 
Is hers —who would have thought it t 

She swears 'tis hers— and true she swears. 
For I — know where she bought it. 

This, indeed, is carried to a great extent in 
the Low Countries, where the Jewish women, 
who are all black-haired by nature, wear 
great yellow periwigs instead : — Golden- 
haired Vennses of the Pays Bas! 

* Schenckius Observat. Lib. 

f Johannes Franci^:cus. med. Camicensis. 

t Lusitanus cent. 3 curat. 59. 

{ Prosper. Alpiuus. lib. de plantis. Egypt, cap. 13. 



THE MIRROR. 5 

GEMS stalk ; and at night, haying lost some of its 

FROM PHILOSOPHERS AND DIVINES. leaves, and all its beauty, it fell, Slc— Bishop 

No. I. ^"y^^*"- 
Ignorance and Intelligence* 

hpl'^i^^^^th'^'^S/^.'^' °Vr°l^ ""^ ''^'*^'' ^^'"'S Tell a plain countryman, that the sun, or 

heaped to^'ether. do not give life to ycur ijrepared and o«w,-a i,;«i,^- ^- i^ * • i !.• ^i. 

already enkindled spirit, yrt ihey will «,meiiines help J?™® higher or Icsscr Star 18 much bigger than 

to eniertii in A thought, to actual « a passiun, to employ ^^^ cart-whcel ; or, at least, SO many scores 

and hallow a fancy."— fiwAop Taylw, bigger than the whole earth ; he laughs thee 

to scorn, as affecting admiration with a 

Comely Virtue. learned untruth ; yet the scholar, by the eye 

Virtue is like a rich stone, best plain set. ^L^Zsl^Jh ""L^l^'fV^l *°^.«^^°^^- 

Cleanliness and the civil beauty of the body S u^ *^*^'.^? *^** *lf *»*»*1 »« b»«««' 

was ever esteemed to proceed from a modesty ****'' ^'' V^ri.- Btshop Hall. 

of behavionr. We read of Jezebel, that she J^f^g skeleton. 
painted her face ; but there is no such report 

of Esther or Judith.— Xord Bacon. „ , ''^ "'I^' **/"«** ^/ *^n»*' 

From wiience the wiii;,'»d soul lon^,' smc«' is flortn. 

Ambition and Casar. Dr. Fuller. 

St. Austin, with his mother, Monica, was led o/««-..-^- ^z- rr ; ^ j- 

one day, by a Roman Praetor, to see the tomb . P''^""'"' "f Under.tandmg. 

of CaBsar. Himself thus describes the corpse, ^* ^8 no* the eye that sees the beauties of 
" It looked of a blue mould, the bone of the the heaven, nor the ear that hears the sweot" 
nose laid bare, the flesh of the nether lip quite "®ss of music, or the glad tidings of a pros- 
fallen off, his mouth full of worms, and, in his Parous accident, but the soul that perceives 
eye-pit, a hungry toad feasting upon the re- ^^^ t^® relishes of sensual and intellectual per- 
manent portion of flesh and moisture ;" and so fections; and the more noble and excellent 
he dwelt in his house of darkness. — Bishop t^® soul is, the greater and more savoury are 
Taylor. its perceptions. And if a child beholds the 
r» 1 ^ ryi ' J ^^^h crminc, or the diamonds of a starry 
Dress: a moral for Christmas. ^jg^t, or the order of the world, or hears the 
I warrant you, there was many a jolly discourses of an Apostle, he makes no reflex 
damsel at that time (the Nativity) in Bethle- act upon himself.— ^wAoo Taylor. 
hem, yet amongst them all, there was not one 

found that would humble herself so much as Dangerous Ea:amination of Latimer. 
once to go see poor Mary m the stable, and 

to comfort her. No, no; they were too flne At last, I was brought forth to be examined, 

to take so much pains. 1 warrant you, they in a chamber hanged with arras, where I was 

had their bracelets, and fardingals, and were wont to be examined, but row, at this time, 

trimmed with all manner of fine and costly the chamber was somewhat altered. For 

raiment, like as there be many now-a-days whereas, before there was wont ever to be a 

amongst us, which study nothing else but how fire in the chimney, now the fire was taken 

they may devise fine raiment ; and, in the away, and an arras hanging hanged over the 

mean season, they suffer poor Mary to lie in chimney. There was among these bishops 

the stable ; that is to say, the poor people of that examined me, one with whom 1 had been 

God they suffer to perish for lack of neces- ''^©ry familiar, and took him for my great 

Baries. But what was her swaddling clothes friend, an aged man. Then, among all other 

wherein she laid the king of heaven and questions, he put forth one, a very subtle and 

earth ? No doubt it was poor gear, perad ven- crafty one, and such a one, indeed, as 1 could not 

ture it was her handkerchief which she took think so great danger in. And when I should 

from her head. — Bishop Latimer. make answer, ** I pray you, Master Latimer," 

Learnina ^^^^^ ^®' " ^P^*^ ^"*' ^ ^™ ^^^X ^^^^^ ^^ 

^ i. 1- • fu • XL- hearing, and here bo many that sit far off." 

Knovv, next religion, there is nothing ac j marvelled at this, that I was bidden to 

complisheth a naan more than learning, gpeak out, and began to misdeem, and gave 

Learning in a lord, is as a diamond m gold, an ear to the chimney. And, sir, there I 

Dr. Fuller. heard a pen walking in the chimney, behind 

Early Death typified by a Rose. the cloth. They had appointed one to write 

So have I seen a rose newly springing from *^^ ™y answers, for they made sure work of 

the clefts of its hood, and, at first, it was fair ™®- J"t God gave me answer, 1 never else 

as the morning, and full with the dew of hea- ^^^^^ "*^® escaped \i,— Bishop Latimer. 

Ten as a lamb's fleece ; but when a ruder Compassion to others. 

breath had forced open its virgin modesty, '^ 

and dismantled its too youthful and unripe If a man be compassionate towards the 

retirements, it began to put on darkness, and afflictions of others, it shews that his heart is 

to decline to softness and the symptoms of a like the noble tree that is wounded itsehf when 

sickly age ; it bowed the head, and broke its it gives the balm. — Lord Bacon. 



6 THE MIIIUOU. 

Human Resolutions. self; the overflowings of his benevolence were 

I have seen a fiur structure begun with art ^ strong— his fits of reverie were as frequent, 

aud care, and raised to half its stature, and ^'^^ occurred, too, upon the most interesting 

then it stood still by the misfortune or negli- occasions. , , . ^ . _, 

gence of the owner ; and the raia descended V ^®" ^^ ^^^ chaplain, for instance, in a 

and dwelt in its joints, and supplanted the regiment serving m Flanders, he thought pro- 

contexture of its pillars, and having stood P?''* ^Jf. ^^ summers evening, to indulge 

awhile, like the antiquated temple of a de- ^^}^ »^ «• ^^"f, during which, struck with 

ceased oracle, it feU into a hastv age, and the charms of the landscape, and perhaps, 

sunk upon its own knees, and so descended ^th some appropriate passage m his beloved 

into mm; so is the imperfect, unfinished spirit ^schylus, he extended his studies tiU he ar- 

of man ; it lays the foundation of a holy reso- "^?^ ^^''y <}"»ckly withm the enemy's lines, 

lution, and strengthens it with vows and arts an^^ was only brought to a stand by the re- 

of prosecution ; it raises up the waUs, sacra- Plated cliallenge of Qui va la? 
ments, and prayers, reading, and holy ordi- ^^^ ^^^er m command, on hearing the. 

nances ; and holy actions begin with a slow f^erits of the case, and finding the unpremedi- 

motion, and the building stays, and the spirit tatod nature of the visit, with the unaffected 

is weary, and the soul is naked and exposed simplicity of hjs prisoner, gave him leave to 

to temptation, and in the days of storm, takes Pursue his classical researches in a walk home 

in everything that can do it mischief; and is again, 
faint and sick, listless and tired, and it stands 

till its own weight wearies the foundation, — — 

and then declines to death and sad disorders. „„„ ,,,,,,. ^, ^ ^ 

BUhop Taylor. THE HUMAN FACE, 

AS COMPARED WITH OTHER MAMMALIA. 

Every one in his Humour, 

One asked a. barber who never before had '^"^ *^^ ^'^^"^ ^^®^ ^^^^^^ ™^^ ^^ *^® 

iw.l« f^^iTo l!;i^w ^ ol^ 7w« 1 « nif» face, are those of smelling and tasting, (in- 

been at the court, what he saw there I "Oh,' «i„j:„«. *i,rt„^ ^^ «,„^:«„*:^« «,« a t«^*./> 

Baid he, « the king was exceUently weU "'"^ "« ^^°^^ T^i t~ ' .~LilSS* 

4.«:».».»yi» r\ rj It portion as these parts are more developeci, 

tnmmed ! -Dr. Fuller, [^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ compared to that of the 

Prayer of a discomposed Mind. cranium, is augmented. On the contxaijr, 

« . . J i. when the brain is large, the volume of the 

Prayer is the issue of a quiet mind, of un- cranium is increased in proportion to that of 

troubled thoughts ; it is the daughter of cha- the face. A large cranium and smaU face 

rity, and the sister of meekness. He who indicate, therefore, a large brain, with copsi- 

prays with a troubled and discomposed spint, dorable organs of smelUng, tasting, mastica- 

ia like to him that retires into a battle to me- tij,g^ &<..; while a small cranium, with a 

ditate. For so have I seen a lark rising from jarge face, shew that these proportions are 

his bed of grass, and soaring upwards, smg- reversed. 

ing us he rises, and hopes to get to heaven. The nature and character of each animal 

and climb above the clouds; but the poor must depend considerably on the relative energy 

bird was beaten back with the loud sighmgs ^f its different functions. The brain is the 

of an eastern wind, and his motion made irre- common centre of the nervous system. All 

gular and inconstant, descending more at ^m- perceptions are conveyed to this part, as* 

every breath of the tempest, than it could a sensorium commune ; and this is the organ 

recover by the libration and frequent weigh- i,y ^hjoii h^q jj^^^^ combines and compares 

ing of its wings ; till the little creature was ^jiege perceptions, and draws inferences from 

forced to sit down and pant, and stay till the them ; by which, in short,' it reflects and 

storm was over, and then it made a prosper- thinks. We shall find that animals partake 
ous flight, and did nse and sing as if it had j^ a greater degree of this latter faculty, in 
learned musick and motion from an angel, as proportion as the mass of inedullary substance, 
he passed sometimes through the air about forming their brain, exceeds that which con- 
his ministnes here below : so is the prayer of gtitutes the rest of the nervous system ; or, in 
a good man, Slg.— Bishop Taylor. other words, in proportion as the organ of the 

mind exceeds those of the senses. Since then, 

the relative proportions of the cranium and 
ORIGINAL OF PARSON ADAMS. ^ace indicate also those of the brain, and the 

two principal external organs, we shall not 
It is stated by one of Fielding's early biogra- be surprised to find that they point out to us, 
phers, that the Rev. Mr. Young, a learned and in great measure, the general charsicter of 
much esteemed friend of the author, was the animals, the degree of Instinct and docility 
original of the excellent and amusing parson, which they possess. 

It is added, that the likeness was very re- Man combines by far the largest cranium 
markable; Mr. Young had as close an inti- with the smallest face; and animals deviate 
maoy ydth the Greek authors, and as passion- from these relations in proportion ias they in- 
ate a veneration for iEschylus, as Adams him- cteaso in stupidity ajid ferocity. 



THE MIRROR. 7 

One of the most siinple methods (though the convexity of the cranium ^whether th« 

sometimes, indeed, insufficient,) of expressing latter point be concealed by the face or not.) 

the relative proportions of these parts, is by ^ ^^ 

means of the facial line.* This angle is European ^nfent • • - - - - ^ 

most <^n, or approaches most nearly to a Adult neint> .'.*.*. I '- I 70 

right uigle in the human subject ; it becomes OuruDK^utaDg 67 

constantly more acute, as we descend in the LouK-tuUed monkeys . - - ' • ^ 

scale, from man; and in several birds, rep. "oie^?'. .' J .' ." ." J l°3i 

tiles,^ and fishes, it is lost altogether, as the Fug. dog' .11 . '. . .35 

cranium and fSlMSe are COmpletdy on a level. Mastiff; the line oauing along the outer sur^ 

The idea of stupidity is associated, even by f»ce of the skull -.41 

ttieviiligyr, with the do^gation of the snout; £^;;;i^nnne;jurf.ce: I I "- iS 

nence the stupidity of the erane and smpe Hare 30 

has become proverbial. On the contrary, Ram 30 

when the &cial line is elevated by any cause ^°"*. ' J ' ' J ' J ' S 

which does not increase the capacity of the po»P<»»« 

cranium, as in the elevhant and owl, by the In the «^d and 4th tables of Cuvier's 

cells wlidch separate the two tables, the ani- Tableau EUmentaire de VHistoire Natm- 

mal acquires a particular air of intelligence, relle, the crania of several mammalia are re* 

and gains the credit of qualities, which he presented in profile ; so as to afibrd a suffi- 

does not, in reality, possess. Hence, the lat* cient general notion of the varieties in the 

ter aniinal, has been selected as the emblem facial angle. A similar comparative view, in 

of the goddess of wisdom. The invaluable one plate, is given by White, in his account 

remains of Grecian art shew that the ancients of the Regular Gradation, &c., from the 

were well acquainted with these circumstances work of Camper. 

—they were aware that an elevated facial line The mode of comparison instituted by Cu- 

formed one of the grand characters of beauty, vier, shews the relative proportions of the 

and indicated a noble and generous nature, cranium and face, much more satisfactorily 

Hence, they have extended the facial angle to than that of Camper. This learned naturafr 

90^ in the representation of men, on whom ist, makes a vertical section of the skulls of 

they wished to bestow an august character; different races of men, and the various classes 

and in the representation of their gods and of animals, and then compares the relative 

heroes, they have even carried it beyond a proportion of the cavity of the cranium to 

right angle, and made it 100**. that of the section of the face. In the Euro* 

It must, however, be allowed, that the pean, the area of the section of the cranium 

facial angle is of chief importance in its ap- is four times as large as that of the face ; the 

plication to the cranium of the human subject, lower jaw not being included. The propor- 

andof ihe guadrumana; as various circum- tion of the face is somewhat larger in the 

stances affect the conclusions which would negro ; and it increases again in the ourang^ 

result from employing it in other classes of ouiang. The area of the cranium is about 

mamnalia. Thus, in the carnivorous, and double that of the face in the monAftV^ ; in the 

some cf t£e ruminating animals, in the pig, baboons, and in most of the carnivorous. 

and ptrticnlarly in the elephant, the great mammalia, the two parts are nearly equaL 

size of the frontal sinuses produces an undue The face exceeds the cranium in most of the 

elevatiin of tiie facial line. In many of the other classes. Among the rodeniia, iheharg 

rodenkaftM the hare, &c., the nose occupies so and marmot have it one third larger ; in the 

large a space, that the cranium is thrown porcupine, and the ruminantia, the area of 

quite >acl^ and presents no point on a front the face is about double that of the cranium ; 

view, from which this line can be drawn. nearly triple in the hippopotamus, and almost 




the arterior mirgin of the upper alveoli, and ^S^t^iX"ns'^^'^^^^ ^"^^' *^^° *^^ ^""^ 

• Tb application of the facial line, instituted by \he outline pf the face, when viewed in 

Canpe, is moat minutely exphiiued in his |jost)iumous such a section as just described, forms, m the 

woik "Ou the Natural Differences of the Feati res," human snbject, a triangle, the longest side of 
&c. Uie Dauih«ntou. he draws ou the profile oM^^^ j^j j, j ^Yie line of junction between the 
cruutti two straight lines, which iuttrsect each other ; . ' , „ n^.**. j. j vi* 1 

hut iadiffeient direciions from those of the French cranium and face. This extends, obliquely, 

snatodst. A horizontal line passes through the ex- backwards and downwards, from the loot of 

temalmdltory passage, a».d the bottom of the cavity the nose towards the foramen occipitale.- 

oftheoae; thisisiniersecledby amoiep^rptfadtcWar rpj^ f ^ ^ ^^ f ^j^ anterior line of 

one. piceediuK from the convexity of the lot ehead. to y*« **v"''^* /"^ -^"^j . /.xi .i w\^ 

the mat prominent point of t|ie upper jaw. or of the the tuangle, is the shortest ot the three. Ihe 

intenMullary bone. The latter is the proper facial face is SO much elongated, even in the simia,. 

line; nd the angle which it forms with the hoiizoutal ^hat the line of junction of the cranium and- 

line, dtermiues, according to Camper, the differfnces - . ,, chortpRt side of the trianiriA • and 

of thctrania Of animals, as Hell as the national pl.y- J?^®* »f t?® eHortcst Biae 01 tne triangle , ana 

»i.ig^;ortIievarV9u>racefofiynnHiMfl. . the anterior one tho Icngefct. Ihcse prcptr- 



f THE MIRROR. 

tions become still more eoneiderable in other 9ublu ^OUmatf^. 

mammalia. 

Among the composite features of the face, quartebly review, wo. cxxxiii. 

the want of the os intermaxillare* has been __ ,. ,, __ _,, ... , 

regarded as a chief characteristic of the human lJn thw, the hundred and thirty-third number 

miyect-as one of the leading circumstances ^ *^,? S^'^^^^tA^ '^"^' ^ judgments on 

which distinguish man from other mammalia ^.j,^ i^tch"Ly brdMded into the cnlti- 

That this bone is really wanting in man, must ^^^ed, and their opposites. The uncultivated 

be aUowed, notwithstanding the doubts of Orators of CongresT are bold, nervous, and 

Vicq d'Azyr. The well-known transverse original, but like, the " swelling gourd '^ that 

slitjt behind the alveoli of the incisors in the « crept forth" in earth's most ancient garden, 

haman foetus, would form a very slight and re- they are vastly big and tumid, while their ar- 

mote analogy between the human structure, ^ments ramify mto side-shoots and tendrils 

and that of animals ; and when we consider, innumerable. They are. to use another figure, 

that the snperior or facial surface of the wielders of an oratorical baton, which, instead 

maxillary bones, so far from being marked by ®' being ornate and shorn of its protuberant 

any suture, does not even bear a slit like that wood-knots, resembles that manufactured for 

of the inferior part, it must be put entirely ?»«" ^^ of men, Achilles," which according 

out of the question. **^,?i*» "<>.™f t ^J" ^^^^^''^^^^ ^^"^ *^''*^ 

That all other mammalia possess this bone, "fclSva^^^nl.'"^^^^^ 

Is not quite so clear as that it is wanting m ^Webster is fine. Everett noble-but yet place 

man. In addition to those stated, it may be either laterally by Burke or Chatham, and 

observed, that the head of an ourangoulang, where is majesty, where is strength I — ] 
in the Hunterian Museum, which possesses all 

the other sutures, wants those which separate Patrick hbnrt. 

tte intermaxillary bone. Tvson did not find Henry's information was very limited, and 

this bone m his specimen of the animal, which j^^ was much disinclined to study. «Take 

was very young (see his Anatomy of the ^^^d for it," was his remark to a fHend 

Ptgmy) and it did not exist m a cranium i^' advanced life, « we are too old to read 

which was delineated by Daubenton. Law- ^o^tg . ^^ men^they are the only volumes 

rence says, that he has also seen the crania of ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ advantage. What he did read 

other monkies in which the sutures were all ^^ ^j ,^^^ ^ * ^^ ^^^ L^^ (^^o 

perfect and distinct, although this bone was cicero of the Vir^nian Assembly) was des- 

wantmg. canting tediously till a late hour, on the 

beauties of Don Quixote. Henry assented, 

TOMR*; OF MATTFn KNTfiHT^ *^^* *^^®^» " y*^" ^*^® overlooked in your 

TOMBS OF MAILED KMOHTb. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^le finest things in the book— 

There are few things more imposing than the divine exclamation of Sancho--« Blessings 

the stiff and prostrate effigies on the tombs of '''' *^?,°«° "^^^ «"* invented deep, it covers 

men, who, in their time, haye been so restless ^^'^^ *" .*>\«;» ^^"^ » f ^^''J^- ^ henry's lauden 

and so daring; the pious attitude in which ^'^''^ " ^^^^^ "^^^ described:- 

these antique monuments are usually sculp- And now cnme the flnt trial of Patrick leury'i 

tured, contrast sadly vrith the mockery of ■IJW*!'- ^^^ „Ti«**f** "^u ^"^ ***" '^w ' ?f** 

•1 J !-• ij J i_ • tAi J wi •! canoeily was on tiiitoe. He rote Tery awk»ardly, 

mail and shield, and knightly sword. While and foltewd mueli iu hi* exordium. The pi o|le huny 

all above is stone — all below is dust. But tlieir iieads at souupromisinKaconiinencemfit; the 

there is one peculiar expression which the clergy were obMrved to rxclmnxe sly luoks t t^h 

itiHa HtflfiiftriAB nf thnoA olH timfts npvpr fail other; and his fallier is described as having sluiost 

ruae statuaries or tnose ow limes never tan ^^^^ ^m, confusion from liis seat. But these hlin-s 

to give, or, at least, the stone to take— and wereofsliort duration, and soon ifave i»lnce tootliers 

that is a kind of stem serenity, which seems of n ^ery different eliaracter. For now wen tluve 

to smile in conscious pride, of former deeds of wo«'J**rful faculties wliich he possessed, for tie Arat 

liiirh rAnnwn* *'*"*'• <*e***lop«d J and now was first wituessd that 

"*o" *«""wu. mysterious nud almost supernatural transfotmftiou of 

.. «> t * At • <Mi 11 J 1 • u a|ii»ear«ure whicli the fire of Ids own eloquenr never 

•• HauKhty their stdlness looks, and high. ^^^^ t„ ^^,,j j^ him. For as his mind^rolled«lo..g. 

Like a bleep whose d.aims are of victory. ,„d y^^^^ to gl„^. f,„^ j,, ^,^.„ ^^^^^^ „u thewacii 

e of the clown seem t(i shed themselvits sfwntaQDUsly. 

' * The upper jaw-bones of other mammalia do not. His attitude, by degrees became erect and lon> The 

as in man, touch each other under the nose, and ct.n- s|iirit of his ir*'nins awakened all IAa fentuies •» • • 

tain all the upp* r teeth ; but they are separated by a They say tlmt the fieople. wliuse counteuanf ha*l 

peculiar siugln or double i»termasittary bone, which fallen as he aiose, hart heard but a very few senences, 

is, iu II manner, locked betweeu the former, and holds before they began to look up; then to look a each 

the incisor teeth of such animals as are provided with other with surpitse, as if doubting the evidence /their 

these teeth. own senses ; then, attracted by some strong giture. 

t How.far tlie'alveohir portion of the superior max. struck by some mojestie attitude, fascinated V the 

illary l>une8 marked by the fissure between them may spell uf his eye. the charms of his emphasis, ai th« 

be regarded as a rudiment of an intermaxillary bune, Tai:it:d and commanding expression of his countennce. 

has been ably shuwn by Guethu, in the first vol. of they could look away no more. In less than tenty 

his Morphologie, minutes, they might be seen in every part of the uuse, 

on every bench, iu every window, stepping fttsrard 

"-"——— from 11,^1, standi, in deatli-like sUenee ; their fcinrws 

fixed ha amazcowBt and awe ; all tkeir senses lisning 



THE MIRUOR. 9 

soil riTetttffi iiixm ib.» »p«*:«ker. as if to cioch tb* Imi Two Other fdoiont spcaken of the anle- 

•tniiDur»om«hei.v«uiyvUiUut. revoluUonarv period, were John Ratled(SO 

Heary's repntation wm now established ; and James Otis. The latter argued the great 
tfter tlus, however, instead of refining his question of writs of assistance (a sort of ge- 
manner or improving his dress, he took a de« neral warrant) in 1 701 ; and his speech is thus 
light in their plainness, and would often come described in one of John Adams's letters : — 
into court attired in a coarse hunting jacket, ^ Otis wa« a flame of fire ! With a prompti- 
greasy leather breeches, and with a pair of tnde of classical allusion, a depth of research, 
saddle-bags under his arm. He had also con- a rapid summary of historical events and 
traded, or afifected, the vulgar style of pro- dates, a profusion of legal authorities, a pro- 
nunciation, as : — ^^ Naiteral parts is better phetic glance of his eye into futurity, and a 
than all the laming upon yearlh'* — though rapid torrent of impetuous eloquence, he hur- 
his friends deny the i*. riod away all before him. American inde- 
pendence was then and there bom. Every 
JOHN ADAMS. qiiiq of j^q immense crowded audience ap- 

Prior to his appearance in Congress, Adams peared to me to go away, as I did, ready to 

had obtained great celebrity at the bar. He take arms agaiust writs of assistance." 

defended Captain Preston, prosecuted fur Fisher Ames has also celebrated his name 

ilring on the people in 1770. Indeed, the \^y many fine speeches. Mr. Ames, in one, 

ablest advocate on the floor was John Adams, reminds his countrymen that, " Though Ame- 

** who poured forth his passionate appeals in rfca is rising with a giant's strength, its bones 

Unguage, which moved his hearers from their are yet but cartilages." Burke, iu his speech 

seats." He was, as Jefferson called him, ^^ American afiairs, delivered iu 1772, calls 

« The Colossus of the Congress," and his the Americans ** a nation in the gristle ;" and 

ipeech in support of the Declaration is above Talleyrand, on his return ft-om the United 

ill praise. This is the way he would com- states, described them as " un geant sans os 

mence with his accustomed directness and j^ nerfs." 
earnestness: 

Sink or swim, live or die, sarviTe or perisli. I ^ive MR. JUSriCE 8T0BT. 
By luuid and my beitrt tu this vote. 4t is true, indetil, 

Uut in the beariaikinK we aimed not at iudependeuee { Mr. Justice Story has established an en- 

bw there's a Divinity wliicU slwpes our ends. Inde- during reputation amongst the lawyers of all 

peadeooe is now witiiiu our gra«p. We Imve but to .". ^ '\^„ . . r^„°^±^^i^„ ^« *u^ r^^ 

5a forth to it. and it is c.uri *hy tlien fliould ue «?«nt"es» by his Commentaries on the Con- 

difer the Dechuatiou? Fur myself, having, twelve flict of Laws. In his miscellaneous vrrit- 

■oDtbs ago, in this place, moved you. that George ings, his best discourses are collected, — and 

WwUington be apuoitiied Conimauder of *«•• ft^». lasting monuments they form to his taste, 

naedor to be raised, fur defence of American liberty, , ?, * *i. ^* ♦l„i:..« -„j .»«... «^ 

aty my riglit hand forget her cunninit. and my tongue knowledge, truth of feeling, and grasp Of 

eUve to the roof of my mouth, if 1 liesiute or waver thought. Our classical readers will readily 

i« the supimrt I give him I Tiie war, tiien, must go give us credit for the justice of this commen- 

«.. We «a*t figl.t it thioagh. And if t^^^^ j ^ ^^ they read the defence of their 

jo«a. why put uir longer tl.e Declaration of indepen- ^^^^^^|^^ ^^^^^^^ J^ ^^.^^ ^^.^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

Sir. I know the uncertninty of human affairs ; but I part : — 
■ee. I see dearly, through this day's business. You 

■ad I iudtfcd may roe it. We muy not live to tlie There in not a sintrlc nation, from the north to the 

time when this DeclMration shall be made good. We south of Europe, from the bleak shores of tlie Baltic 

may die I diecolonbul die slaves! die. it may be, to tin* bright plaius or immortnl Italy, whose litersture 

iKiKHniuioQsly, and on the scaffold I Be it so — be it {« uut *• mU'dded iu the verv elements of claMicnl learu- 

■a If It be the pleasure of Heaven that my country iog. The liirrature of Eugland is, iu an emphatic 

■boold require tlie poor offering of my life, the victim »ense, the piodtictiou uf her scholars ; of men who iMve 

•hall be ready at the appointed hour uf sacrifice, cume cultiviited letieis iu her uiiiverMtit s, nnd colleges, snd 

vfaen that hour may. But while I do live, let me have graminnr Kctiutdi: of meu who thought nuy life too 

« coantry. or at least the hope of a country, and that a short, chiefly Ijccuuse it left sume relic nf 'antiquity 

line country. . . • uumusti-red.' nud any other fame huml>le b(*cause it 

But wliatever may be our fate, be assured, be assured, itMit>d in the piesciice of Romau untl Giecian genius, 

that this Declaratiou will stand. It mav cost tnasure, lie whu studies English literature without tlte lights 

it may c^t blood ; but it wUl staml, and it will richly of cl>is»icHl learning, loses half the cherms of its M»uti- 

iompmsate Ibr both. Through tlie thieic gloom of the ment<« aud htyle, of its foice nud f< elhigs. of its delicate 

Mcsent, I see the brightness of the future, as the suu tuuches, of lis delightful allutfiuus. of its illustrative 

la heaven. We siutll m.tke this a glorious, an immortal nssuciations. Who that ^•ad^ the poetry of Gray, 

day. Wlien we are in our graves, our children will docs uot feel that it is the refiuemeut of classical taste 

hottour it. Tliey will celebrate it witli thanksgiving, which gives such iuexiiressible viviiiuess aud trani»|>a- 

^rilh festivity, with iwntires. and illuminations. On iu rency to liis diciiuu ? Who that reads ihe cuuceutrated 

SBttual return they will slied tears, copious, gushing sense au'l melodious versification ufDrx den and Potie, 

tsars, not of snhjecliim and slavery, not of agouy aud does nut )H*rceive in them the disciple* oV the old school, 

■ml distress, but of exultation, of gratitude, and ef whose genius was iuAunied by the heroic verse, ibo 

jey. Sir, befoie heaven, 1 believe the hour is come, tene satiie. and the playful wit of antiquity ? Wlio 

■y Judgment spurovea this measure, and my wliole that meditates over the stiains of Hilton, dues nut feel 

hsart b in it. All that I Iwve. and all that 1 am. and that lie drank deep at 

•fl that I hope in this life, I am now reaiiy here to «, , , i .u^* « . i 

itike^ it { aud I li«ve off as I iiegan, that, live or " «'loa's brook that flow'd 

fr, snri^ nr perish, I am for tlie Declaration, it is Fast by the oiacle of God.*' 
>9 livine sentiment* nptl. by the blessiag of heaven, it 

W bemr dvinc sentiment ; Independeaee n^tf- and that the fires oT his magnifletnt wtiifA Wert li|(bted by 

^•tnnnw. worn Ertm, ! coals ftum ancient altar* ? 



10 llir. MIUHOK, 

EDWARD EYERETT. gKsa in 1812. After 1816, he gave up all 

Edward ETcrett is one of the mort re- ^'^ *^™^ *« ^'^ profession Many of his law^ 

markable men living. He is a native of Ma^ arguments are excellent, witness his speech 

sachussets, and wSs bom about 1796. At f *^ prosecution of Knapp, tned formur- 

nineteen he had already acquired the reputa- * . . 

tion of an accomplished scholar, and was J,*'?."*"^,^" uncominouly open to the ndmiwiott 

luvu VI «i* «ix/vv-«j^ o« « ov..*v > " ."~ ofllffhU The face of the lunocent sleeper was tunied 

drawing large audiences as an Unitarian from the murderer, and the beams of the moou, resting 

preacher. At twenty-one he was appointed un the grey locks ofhis aged temples, showed hun where 

Frofessor of Greek in Harvard University. *<> "trike. Tlie fiital blow is given 1 and the vietim 

M Courin, jH.0 wa. with him in G«m«.y. rSp";j^;?;^*Sf'^r°"lTi.*?hi'^'2l?: 

informed a fnena of ours tnat ne was one or purpose to make sure work ; and he yet plies the 

the best Grecians he ever knew^ and the dagger, though it was obvious that life had been dei- 

translator of Plato must have known a good ;«>yed by the Wow of the bludgeon. He even raiass 

many OI ine oesi. , . ^ „ ^x heart, and replaces it again over the wounds of the 

In the United States^ the clerical (so called) poniard I To finish the picture, he explores the wrist 

profession is taken up or thrown off almost at tor the pulse I He feels for it, and ascertains that it 

pleasure. Mr. Everett got so sick of it during 5«»*« »» >«°f' ' " » accomplished. The de^ to 

r. ix'ij.LAi-i.' _^i_j r done. He retreats, retraces his steps to the window, 

ms early trials, that he retains a marked aver- ^^^^ ^^^^ tiirough it as he came in, and escapes. 

sion to the pulpit, and generally insists upon He has done the murder— no eye lias seen him, no 

a stage or rostrum when he has to deliver an o*r !>•> heard him. Tlie secr^ is his own, and it ia 

anniversary discourse. He was eight yeaxs a '^i , gentlemen, that wa. a dreadful mistake. Such 

member for Congress, but failmg to get re- ^ secret can be safe nowhere. The whole oration of 

elected in 1839, he has since lived in COmpa- God has neither nook or comer, where the guilty can 

lative retirement. bestow it, and say it is safe. Not to speak of that 

Tur-m v-^^'m^^t-^a' ^1.:^^ ^.^nii'ti^o^-Cyv^^ «a «n cyo whicfa glaucBS through all disjiuises. and beholds 

Mr. Everett S chief qualifications as an everything as in the splendour of noou-such secrets 

orator are a clear sweet voice, and a prodi- of guilt are never safe, &c., &c. 
gious memoir; his addresses are graceful, j^^ ^^^ now\mi HiU understood human 
polished, high-toned and flowing, with a kind . ,, „. ch.„el havinir been in- 

of aceronian richness and r^undancy Mr. ?^*^ J,f j lek^keW tookTcc^t^^ ta 

^^"„f ^hist^W.^^ n". WinrhJJt h« 13™ «k« "»»»"«'. to remind the congregation that 

piece of historical pamtrng, but he has pto- ^ ^ all-seeing Providence, to whom 

f^t^T^ri^^ ,r?J!T^Hii^ of ^; >U hearts are open, fud from no iscrets are 

nisi sen e . ^^^ present who are insensible to such reflee- 

I se« them ewaped from thew periU, puraninn ihelr tions, I bee leave to state that there are also 

?lir«tffi'ii^2r.c'"r S^ tjUni V^ t^? Bow-street officers on the look out." 

mouth,— weak and weary from their voyage,— poorly In compliance With the suggestion 01 JJavia 

armed, scantily provisioned, depending on the charity Hume, — who says that criticism is nearly 

of their ship-master for a draught of beer on board, useless, unless the critic quotes innumerable 

dnnkmg notlimg but water Ob shore, — without shelter, ^ ,' i _ «:„^^ «.,vo-«Jw,«^„ y»««««i. 

-without meanl-surrounded by liMtile tribes. Shut examples,— we have given specimens enough 

now the volume of history, and tell me, ou any priu- to enable our readers to form an opinion for 

ciple of human probability what shall be the faie of themselves regarding the degree of excellencO'- 

this handful of aaventurers ? Tell me. man of maitary attained by the public speakers of the United 

science, 10 how many months were they all swept off cx i. u x - i. il -. * n- ^^..^ 

by the thirty savaue tribes enumerated within the states ; but we have been naturally more 

early limits of New England ? Tell me, politician, anxious to illustrate their ments than their 

)k>w long did this shadow of a colony, on which your demerits, and must be pardoned, therefore, 

conventions and treaties had not smiled, languish on fo, ^^yjeflv noticing their two prominent de- 

the dutant coast? Student of history, compare for i\ mt "*""^'"6 '^•"" *'.*'. r "• . 

me the baflled projects, the deserted settlements, the fects. These are their lengthmess, and their 

abandoned adventurers, of otlier times, and find the magniloquence. Few American orators ap- 

parallel of this. Was it the winter's storm, beating pear to have the slightest notion that tOO 

upon the houseless heads of women and children : was «»„«„ «,^-j« ^« i.^«:«^«.„« \^ a«»«1a<»»^ a» 

it*hard hibour and spare meals ; was it disease j was it "?^y ^^^^ or topics may be employed, or 

tlie tomahawk; was it the deep malady of a blighted that an effect may be produced by simplicity, 

liope. a rained enterprise, and a broken heart, aching Reversing the method of Demosthenes — who^ 

I"J*!L^**''!"T^"''*'*^®.."~"*'****°,,°VJ!**°^*^."'^ according to Lord Brougham, never came 

left beyond the sea ; was it some, or all of these united, v„«w ««^ 4i.« ««•«« .^»..» J ««/i oim^««« ^^a^A 

that hOiried this foiUken company to their melauchol v ^*?* ,^P0*» *^® same ground, and always ended 

ftite ? And is it possible that neither of these causes, quietly, — they never know when they have 

that not all combiued. were able to blast this bud of said enough, and generally conclude, like a 

hope? I* it possible tlmt. from a beginning so feeble, melodrame, with a blaze, 
■o frail, so worthy, not so much of aiimuation as of ^T A " . Y^^*^' «... .. 

pity, there has gone forth a progress so steady, a 1 he constant strauung after effect IS another 

growth so wonderful, a reality so important, a pro-^ of their obvious failings ; they have no notion 

mise yet to be fulfilled so glorious ? of repose or simplicity ; they never stand- at 

nANlRl. WKRSTER. ^f^ ' ^^^^ ^^^®» *^^ "^^^®' ""^^ ^*^® ^^^^ 

DANIEL WEBSTER. y^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ActiOH, acttOTl, flC/lOn,, 

Daniel Webster was bom in 1 782, the son says the GMreek : metaphor, metaphor, meta^ 

of a New Hampshire farmer. He was called phor, cries the American. " Get money,'* 

to the bar in 1805 ; became a member of Con- says the old-world adage, ** honestly if you. 



TIIK MIRROR. 11 

oui — at all eyents get money." — quocunque ont of the mine of Welsh literature. But, •■ 

modo rem. *' Be oloqaent," says the Ameri- " the ice is now broken/* we feel assnred the 

can, ^ naturally if you can— at all CYcnts be known loye and exalted pride the ancient Bri- 

eloquent.*' The German professor (we sus- tons have always shown for the land of their 

peet, Dr. Von Raumer) was found jumping birth, will cause its nobles and worthies to 

oyer the chairs and tables to make himsetf search their records, and throw open to the 

liyriy, and the Transatlantic orator may be intellectual world, all the treasures which thej 

Been slapping his forehead, beating his breast, doubtlessly contain. 

puflbig, blowing, and perspiring, to make him- We most heartily conjure our readers to 

self sublime. There cannot be a stronger reyelin a perusal of Mr. Halliwell's pamphlet' 
proof of their weakness in this particular, 

than the fact of the Irish looking tame, chaste, ' 

and abstemious, alongside of them. It will 

retdily be admitted that the natiyes of the tablet and Proverbs for Children. 

Green Isle are fond of flowers, and not over [Joseph Thomas.] 

nice in their selection, but they do not insist The mode of conveying instruction to children 

upon passing ofif faded or artificial ones as by fable has, Arom the earliest period, been 

fresh bouquets of their own gathering. They considered the most ready and the most pleas- 

invoke the genius of their country too often, ing — inculcating, in such fascinating and fami- 

and lay too many ohaplets on her shrine, but Har language, precepts of virtue to be imi- 

they are not eternally dancing around her, tated, or of vice to be shunned. Impressed 

like the Philanthropists in the Anti-jacobin, with this belief, we hail with pleasure the 

with sun-flowors and holly-hocks in their above collection, so congenial as a fire-side 

hands. companion and Mentor, to amuse the fkncy, 

■ " improve the mind, and enliven the merry hearts 

fJtU) )3oo6{(. of our little ones. To add to its worth, each 

fable is accompanied by appropriate proverbs 

The Confiexion of Wales with the early and pictorial illustrations. 

Science of England, By J. O. Halliwell, 

Esq., F. II. S.; &c. [Rodd.] 

Tu above interesting pamphlet is a contribu- Speech delivered at a Meeting for the Esta- 
tion on the part of its talented editor, to effect blishment of a Club for the Middle Classes, 
an anion between the histoiiciJ researches of By Thomas Campbell, Esq. [F. Schoberl.] 

Eogknd and Walw— " a consummation de- j^ jg deliciously refreshing in these days to 

TouUy to be wi8hed,"--and we are assured the ^.^^^j ^„ production emanating ftom the 

furtherance of such a task could not, possibly, ^^^ ^^^^^^ of the undying « Pleasures of 

tare fallen into better hands than those <rf ^ ... ^jj^ge speech on the formation of the 

Mr. Halliwell, who has here presented us with ^j ,,^ Qy^ f^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^f ^^ 

nany new and highly interesting biographical ^y^^^ pamphlet, in which the peculiar vigour 

and literary memoire of that eminent Welsh- ^^ thought, knowledge of society, and inv2ua. 

man, Robert Recorde* an illustnous author, ble advice ofthe orator, is pre-eminent through- 

whose memory has never enjoyed its fair meed ^^^ |„ thjg ^ff^ior,, Mr. Campbell portrays 

*'.5^^.^V ^*« , *^® fcat original writer on ^^^ ^ advantages Ukely to arise, from the 

arithmetic m Enghsh; the first on geometry; ^^^^lon of the above and similar clubP, to the 

the first who introduced the knowledge of ^^^^^^ ^i^^^^ u Yovl call yourselves," says 

|4gebra into En^hmd; the fost writer on as- ^e, " the Alpha Qub. I hail that letter as a 

tWDomv m WiA; the first m this country ^j omen-1 trust I shall live to see a 

who adop^ the Copemican system; the in- ^,^^^1^ alphabet of such clubs, from alpha even 

venter c^ the present method of extracting the ^^^ ^^ estabUshed; aid if my humble 

Moare-ropt; the inventor of the sign of equa- ^ff^^s can be of the slightest use to you. such 

%; the mventor of the method of extractmg ^g ^^ ^^^ l^^^l,!* ^g t^ey are, they shall 

die 8quare;root of miUtinoinial algebraic quan- ^^ ^^ ' g^^vice. Your project is not new 

totote." For a list of^e title* of his various ^ my mind. It has long been a subject of 
wj^ and of his piUable death, we must Noughts. InMooking round the dub- 

wfer the reader to the Aro.^Aurjj Itself, where houses of London, I hav? a thousand times 

menUon u also made of that celebrated tract, ^^ ^ g^lf c ^^^ ^ ^his? AU the rich 

eaUil^Speeulum Chruttant, which has been ^^^ ^f ^j^fg ^^^ metropolis, all those who 

proved to bel^to one John Morys, » Welsh- „^ ambitious to be thought rich, and who fre- 
na^ vvho mu^ have flourished in the first half ^ wealthy company, all these have their 

of fte fifleenthcentury. club-houses— the titled men, the poUtical men,, 

If other to^rsajid sewrchers after real ^^ university men, the nival Vnd miUta^ 
hiowledgelike Mr. HalhweU would but "put j^^^^ built themselves palaces of sociU 

their shoulders to the wheel, what a host of, resort-nay, the very dustmen have had their 

atpresent, unknown treasures could be worked gin-palaces erected for them. But the vast, 

• For san^ iufivsi iuK nutitim of tbis gifted .cholar. and valuable chws— the middle class, who can 

vide Mimr, vol. zxaiv. p. 44* neither afford the palace club-house of lord- 



1-3 THE MIRROR. 

lings, nor condescend to the gin-palace of the the said Rev. Mr. Gavin, after having pub- 

dnstmau; this middle class, who constitute the' licly and solomnly abjured the errors of the 

very thews and sinews and moral strength of Romish religion, and being thereupon recon- 

society, men who are too respectable to make ciled to the Church of England on the 3d of 

the public house their daily haunt, and yet January, 1715, he had then my leave to offi- 

have a natural yearning for society, for con- ciate in the Spanish language, in the chapel of 

Tersation, and for the sight of such a variety Queen*s-square, Westminster," &.c. 
of books and newspapers as may give them, «^. , u j • t j ^v^iq^i. 

80 to speak, a colour^ map of piblic eventsi f j r^rolS ™^ ' '" ' 

and of contemporary opinions — how is it that ®* •'^ y* 17^U. ^ TnxiM t nvnmsi >» 

the aforesaid men, as if they were destitute of ''^^^ LUISUVSS. 

gregarious instinct, have built for themselves r^^ above Spaniard published, amongst 

no houses for the purpose of social and sober ^j^^er works, Sermons in the Spanish language, 

resort I ^ .,-.,- preached in this chapel. — Times Journal. 

In conclusion, we impress on the mends of 

the Alpha Club the judicious advice given by 

Mr. Campbell, at the termination of his ^xH ()ntl &iU\\Cti, 

speech, as to the government of their new 

Society. 



THE CHRONOMETER OF " THE BOUNTY." 



CojpOSrapI)p This chronometer, marked " Sarcum Kendal, 

* London, a. d. 1771," fell into the hands of the 

•T. Peter's chapel, queen square, captain of an American, who touched at Pit- 
WESTMiNSTER. caim's Island, shortly after the mutineers had 
_ . , ^ ,. ...,x, settled themselves there. It was stolen from 
The above place of worship, which lately re- ^^e American captain on the ship's passage 
oeived considerable damage by the fire on- ^^^^ j^^^ Fernandez to Valparaiso, and next 
gmatmg in Mr. Hoare s mansion, is, perhaps, „,^^g j^g appearance at Conception, where it 
the most antique specimen of our primitive ^^ purchased for three doubloons by an old 
sanctuaries. It was originally a royal gift Spaniard of the name of Castillo, who kept it 
for the special use of the Judges of Westmin- j^*- j,.g possession till his death, which hap- 
ster, and which members of the royal house- ^^^ j^^t^, ^t Santiago, when his family sent 
holds used to frequent. The style of parts of j^^o Captain Herbert, to be conveyed to the 
the internal workmanship is indeed worthy of jj^i^jg^ Museum. It appears, on being taken 
tiie highest rank. The altar-piece, which has ^ ^^ repaired by Mr. Mouat, of Valparaiso, 
been almost quite destroyed, has been pro- ^j^^t it was in a complete state of preservation, 
nounced by competent judges to be one of the ^.^hout the least mark of wear in any part of 
finest and most curious specimens of ancient -^ r^j^^ escapement palates are rubies fixed 
carving in oak to be seen in England. Ihe ^^ ^j^^ ^ ^^ ^^^ ^^alance by screw collets, 
cost of the restoration of this alone is ascer- ^^ Mouat speaks in high terms of the beauty 
tamed to be near 500/. I may also add that ^^ ^j,^ workmanship. The chronometer is five 
this chapel has long been the field of pastoral j^^jj^g •„ diameter, with three dials on its face, 
labour of some of the most valued clergy of ^^^ for hours, one for minutes, and one for se- 
the metropolis; amongst o^ers,ofthe venera- ^^^^s; with in outer silver case, made as the 
ble Romame, Gunn, Basil Wood, Wilcox, and ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^et watches were sixty or se- 
of the late Mr. Shepherd, who, for fifty yeaTs, ^^^^ yearsago, so that its appearance is that of 
held it with the lectureship of St. GUes-in-the- ^ i^^ntic watch. In winding it up, it was 
ViMs. A most curious fact is also worth ^g* ^^ ^^ ^j^^ j^^t arm through the open- 
noticing, namely, that St Peter's was, about • ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ .^ ^^^ ^alve of the o^er 
125 years ago, the Spanish Ambassador s cha- ^^% •„ ^j,^ ^^„^^^ ^^ ^facing the outer case 
pel. In the year 1715 Dr. Robmson then ^^ a pocket watch, on the left thumb when 
Bishop of London, issued his episcopal license ^-.^^^^ ^ Chilian gentleman coming in one 
for the performance, in the «iid chapel, of di- ^ay, and seeing the case thus suspended, ex- 
Tine worship m the Spanish language by a ^^^^^^ u q^^^osa para freer huevos:^ It is 
celebrated Spaniard, nameS Antomo Gavin, ^ow on board the Calliope, Capt. Herbert, and 
who was converted from popery to our church, ^jj .^ ^jj probability, return to the place of 
This fact IS detailed at some length in the .^^ construction after an absence of ^ many 
Gentieman s Magazine of February, 1827, ars, and that, too, without having circum- 
where the copy of the license, &c. is given. Javi^ed the earth beyond the viry small 
The license runs thus:-- Whereas the Rev. „»^ ^^ longitude between the meridian 
Mr Antonio Gavm was recommended to me "^^^J y^ the Bounty in endeavouring to 
by the Right Hon. Lord Stanhope, and by the j^„,,j^ ^ape Horn, and that of Santiago, the 
?5S fw ""Jv ®'' ^A^u^ ««ntlemen I was cer- ^^^ ^^^^^ meridianthe chronometer rWched 
tified that the ^id Rev. Mr. Gavin was a se- j,^ Cm,^Devonpori Telegraph, 
cnlar pnest, and Master of Arts in the umver- -^ ^ x- 
sity of the city of Zaragoza, in the kingdom ___^^ 
of ArragoB^ in Spain; this ii to certify that 



THE MIRROR. U 

flflaimtrff anH Cnitomi. aholibamah. 

FROM THE PAOB OP BTBON. 

MiRRIAGES AMONG THE NEII.6HERRY PEOPLE. . .... 

. . ^, . , , . , As an image of feminine softness and beaaty. 

The manner of the mamage of the higher purely begotten by the mind of Byron, nono 

cUsses of Rajahs is this:— The first night of glands before us among the many creations 

tiie mamage the Rajah leayes the honour of ^f ^ig f^ncy, that assumes a more sweet and 

his spouso to the Brahman, to purify her for imposing attitude, than the character of his 

her pa^t iniquities, in the pnyate department antediluvian Anah. A composite of all Chris- 

of the Rajahs of this country. Even after the tjan gnwes, her character appears most lovely 

death of Itajahs, all except Brahmans are i^ our eyes, flaming with fervent love, exalted 

ppohibi^d to demand marriage with the wi- faith, and the exquisite graces of unfeigned 

dows of deceased Rajahs. The names of the humility. Amid the violence and corruption 

sarage tnbes amongst whom this barbarism of the age in which she is placed, her fair 

prevails are these— fir, Nar, Maker, Wargar. virtues appear like a lily in the depth of Tar- 

rhese people never marry separate wives, tarus ; and we please ourselves by the suppo- 

For instance, there are SIX heathens, and they gition that had she been prevailed upon by 

want to mairy. They will go and look out Japhet, to have entered the ark, and so sur- 

fop a girl, and marry her all at once, on this yiving, have become a mother after the De- 

coadition, that one should provide her with luge, her children would have inherited all 

nee, the other with ghee, and the third oil for her gracious perfections, and shone aloft as a 

her head, and the fourth clothes. From this pattern among the posterities of men. 

8h*red and common wife, who is the root of But those acquainted with the constitution 

evU generally, very often sedition is fomented, of Byron's mind— knowing that scorn, daring- 

and blood shed; yet they never abandon this ^ess, and the « cleaving curse' of infidelity, 

bratahty. The mode of one of the savage gat as so many « dark viziers'' in the close 

tobe s mamage is somewhat different from conclaves of his heart-acknowledge not 

that which I have already described. The without pain, that this being of supreme pu- 

maids and bachelors who want to be married rfty and excellence, was but a secondary 

pat np a small cottage with a good thick creation in his own esteem, created for the 

fence, so that the maids within the enclosure subservient purpose of bringing out, in forci- 

aanot perceive the men who stand out of it. ble contrast, the character of his favourite 

AU the maids go into the hut, and the bache- Aholibamah. Arising out of the dark and 

low come with long sticks in their hands, mystic cauldron of his fancy, this was the 

which they all at once poke into the fence in Titanic and majostical figure, which, with aU 

Mch a manner, that all the sticks may pierce the powers of his wizardry, he toiled to ium- 

Mie fence. TJen the maids all at once catch mon into shape and being. As in the Endor- 

holdofastick. After that, the owner of the ^ave, the Gods that rose out of the earth, 

rtick will be the spouse of the girl who holds ^ere ** infernal," so were those starting 

his stick unseen. out of Byron's mind; and even the loveliest 

of the lot — the Witch of the Hartz, glorious 

with her ** hair of light," and **e>esof im- 

GRINLIN GIBBONS. mortality" — she, be it remembered, was a 

spirit evoked from the hells of AhrimanoK, 

The finest and most elaborate specimens of and, however, to the kindred and demon-sold 

this fine carver's art, are to be found at Chats- spirit of Manfred, she appeared lustrous as 

worth and Petworth ; Houghton and Burgh- an " angel of light," yet to the eyes "too pnre 

ley also, and Hampton Ck>urt, can boast of his to behold iniquity," uo other than hideonsly 

works The ornamental parts of the choir of must have shone her meretricious loveliness. 

St Paul's are his workmanship and design. Aholibamah was, to the poet, as a golden 

The peculiar characteristics of Gibbon's vessel, into whom all the bright but baleful 

ehisel are lightness, freedom, and elegance, in wine of his gloomy genius could be poured in 

the flow of his line ; brilliancy, depth, and large measure. In the dreams of his pillow, 

fikcility, in his execution. at night — in his hours of waking, and going 

In riiells and shell-fish, such as lobsters and to rest, his imagination, from the moment 

crabs, he particularly excelled, and appa- that the embryo entered its matrix, hastened 

rently delighted ; for they are constantly in- towards the vasty origination of this charac- 

trodnced in his works. ter, till, at length, his brain shook with par- 

A most beautiful specimen of his skill in turitive throes, and the magnificent form, 

■arine productions, is to be seen at the New armed at all points with his favourite iufide- 

River House in Spafields. lities, fiery prides, and exterminating scorns. 

His birds, feathers, and flowers, especially sprang ** terribly beautiful," like a wonder, 

delicately-leaved and drooping plants, are sin- into &e world, 

gnlarly airy and real. Among the three things that come under 

Walpole* relates, that he carved a vase of the reprehension of St. John, and whose in« 

flowers so daintily, that their leaves trem- fiuence appears to have been coexistent with 

bled in tbe wind. humanity itself, is the ** pride oC life." Thia 



14 THE MIRROR. 

was the chief ingredient in the serpent's temp- Jewelled serpents round an ivory column — 
tation, who, failing to win Etc, by ^ the lust caused her to seem absolutely diyinified. 
of the eye" — the specious beauty of the ruddy It would, by consequence, be naturally ex- 
gold apple, — ^tuned for her ear, that most dulcet pected, that one who possessed so inordinate a 
phrase, promissory of all aggrandizement of shareofbeauty, and whose pride yielded to none 
being, or " pride of life" — '* Ye shall be as create, should despise her race that tabema- 
Gods** cled in clay, and should naturally desire for 

Chief characteristic this, of Aholibamah the the heayens to be opened, that upon the great 

Cainite; and not only chief, but all-absorbing, angels alone, who at this period were still 

If a heart oyer throbbed with imperious feel- yisitors upon earth, she might fasten the high 

ing — if heart oyer rolled out its fierce torrents feelings of her heart. Creatures of clay, or 

of blood, when proud thoughts were swelling formed of " red earth " were the butt of her 

the brow, and straining the temples — that scorn, and groyellers for her use; her spirit 

heart was Aholibamah's. Had it been rightly soared *' ad astra," and only to^ spirit would 

directed, how effectiye an engine of good be allied. 

might it haye been among the peryerse gene- It forms a curious parallel to obserye the 

rations of the day. How — ^had it moyed ynth tones employed by the two sisters, in their 

crowned ideas of yirtue — might it, combined incantatory address for drawing down the 

with the powers of herself as woman, haye respectiye angels ofwhom they are enamoured, 

gained oyer the disobedient by her prowess, Anah, whose soul, like a spice-lamp of the 

and quelled, without effort, the timid into temple, burned yrith. all purity, and the soft 

awe ; and thereby, haye ultimately become a calm light of tenderness — calls upon her angel 

knighty regenerator of the race among which by the most endearing epithets — '^ Seraph 

she so superiorly walked. dear" — '* My seraph" — and " My Azaziel;" 

But the forest-branch, from its first curya- but Aholibamah, with no tender adjectiyal or 

ture, only strengthens in crookedness ; and pronominal affix, calls on her lord, plainly, 

pride becomes more stubborn, as it grows an- boldly, and glowingly, by the single name of 

cienter in years. Ancestral blood pours down " Samiasa!" 

andeyiatingly in its course all original taints Great, howeyer, as is the angel whom she 

along with itself, and Aholibamah, the de- has chosen for her loye — whose employments 

scendant of Cain, undiminishedly burned with were of a superior nature — and who only 

all yirulent Cainite passions. sometimes deigned to partake the hymn of the 

Aholibamah's genealogy from Cain, is, with inferior cherubim — she openly tells him, that 

ber, the proudest badge in her escocheon. ** if the skies contain more joys than he can 

"Who taunts her ynth her descent from Cain I giye and take," forthwith to remain in his 

Is she not proud to be a daughter of the heayen, and not to trouble himself about her. 

Slayer I Glories she not in her brethren and Aholibamah is one of the nearest represen- 

her Others — strong Cain, who was begotten tatiyes of those whose ambitious natures lead 

in Paradise — eldest bom of men, brayest, and them to be promulgators of sectarian or schis- 

most enduring I Should she blush for him, matic principles. Her intolerable pride was 

l^m whom she had her being? If oyer scorn the moying cause that led the community to 

curled a lip to curses — if oyer eye shot fury, be split into diyisions, so that the stronger 

till its flashes scourged the yaunter like should rule the weak. She was one of those 

brands of liying fire — it was the eye and the who wished that the world were large enough, 

lip of Aholibamah, at the ignoble worm who that the Nimrods of her race might driye all 

whispered but the slander. the inhabitants into one immeasurable paik, 

And why should she not be proud of her and then rule them as they chose. This ap- 

magnificent lineage I Who, among the chil- pears from the remark of Japhet, who, com- 

dren on Seth's side, teemed ynth such majesty mending Anah for her purity and goodness, 

<Kf form and feature, as the strong and glorious obseryes, that he thought Abel had in her left 

Cainites! " Look upon our race !" exclaims a daughter of his pure and pious race. Aho- 

she who was their superbest representatiye — libamah instantly and impetuously interrupts 

^behold their stature, and their beauty; their him — 

courage, strength, and length of days !" while .. And uouWst thou have her like our father's foe 

her own person was the most poweitul en- In mind aud soul? If I pnto-»ktiiy thoughts 

forcer of her own words. " Behold their And dreamed that auxht of Abel was in her — 

iteture and their beautv r-and as ^e spake, g^, ^^^^^ ^^^ threat unfinished, but we 

*Z^ t" r°^ '^''" Kl?™"""®** >"d «'»™». may guess what objurgation would haVe closed 

a^d the Ught of meridian day; the sunblaw ^^ ' ^^ ^^^ f^^ \^^ turbulent spirit of 

8e«mng to glow with densOT glory round her ^^ „ charactefistio of a « house divided 

form, and her features subliming into lines „-„:„oi. :*^«i^f> „»„„j#u„*o i*o«K«,^»^«^««,»;«« 

past'earthliness. Then, in the defying atti- ^ylV^brquIr^^^^^ 

tvde of her answer, with insupportable lustres ^^^ ^"^ ^^ subsequent passage . 

flamed her clear, full eye. Irrsuliating the air, -^hol' And dost tl.ou think that we, 

aloft shone her gorgeous rounded arm, cine- S*"' ^'"''°'*' ^^'^ »'^'»«st-^"'»,"f Adums blood 

*^^^A ^^4-1. a:^^Jz,aT. «..^ !,«» «.^».w.»j x_^~-^ Warm in our vnns— stroug Cam ! who was begotten 

tured ynth diamonds; and her gemmed tresses, i^ Paradise-would miu«ie with StHhs chiidreu ? 

curling in yigorons locks on her neck, like Seth. the hist offspring of old Adams dotage? 



THE MIRROR. 15 

to wre an earth, were earth in p^L U a monument to their eenios. In marble, 
. ^ always dwelt atiart from thine. j^ ,^ ^es the fortune of a museum lucky 

s bHffiunniKf and sliall do to ever. tt«*v- «oi».«o »u« wx«uu«> w* « umuiTotuu auvb.j 

enough to possess it. A fragment is a trea- 

»nld be well if these moral enormities g„re. Babelon leaves bricks— a Grecian town 

tie only pestilent produce of Aholiba- jg f^ be traced by its fallen columns, its bro- 

nsatiable pride; but the most offensiye t^n statues, its Yotive armour, which we in- 

is yet undisclosed. As yet her rofirac- gtal in niches, as objects of study and admira- 

mments had only been, in their action ^ j^q^ 
NStSy of injury to man — ^but ftrom this * _^ 

he proceeds to forgetfulness or, rather, ARABIANS IN PRAYER. 

>f her Creators power. The following 

oit, if it went no further, were indeed ^ have seldom felt, during the divine service 

I, as she addresses Samiasa^ ^^ ^^^ ^'^'^^ churches, the power of holiness 

•m. ^ • _A t r r «. 1 u><i religion, in all its beautifiil freshness and 

Thou art inmortai— au *wi 1. 1 feu-^ « " .' a«h i «ii 

r immortality o'enweep »™pl« P«nty, SO forcibly, as when, suddenly, 

^ all teaxa, all time, all fifara. and peal in* the boundless desert; they, ^ whose hands 

eternal thunders of tiie deep. are against every man's," prostrate themselves 

enntiiis truth-" tliouliv'st for ever r befo^ the great Spirit that made all, and 

the poet ended here, well had it been, there, in the vast plain, that aptly typifies his 

jpaust the termination; but this is only majesty and omnipresence, offer up their sim- 

»y Aholibamah the basis whereon she P^^ homage. What temple so sublime 1 what 

n impious and atheistical assertion, creed, in outward show, so primitively pure ? 

, that being thus essentially immortal, Nay, the poetry, if not the holiness, of such a 

n her own Creator could extinguish scene, appears to me, aided by the reflection, 

imortality; with other turpitudes of that the hands, now stretched imploringly on 

Biore flagrant and reprehensible still, high, have, perhaps, in ftdfilment of the 

agins the blackness of the infamy. In- dire curse upon their race, been a few hours 

, with an unmasked front, shows its previously busied with deeds of violence or 

)d features. Shuddering at the thought, blood. Yet, may not some compunctious 

me the character no further, but, like feeling of remorse, at such an hour, visit the 

«ian painter, drag a veil over the pic- breast of the wandering robber, and quell his 

diich it were utter abomination to fiery nature, even as, at times, a refreshing 

e. W. Archer. cloud will steal across and quell the scorch- 

ing rays of his own desert sun, that lights up 

that TAsi cathedral, whose limits are space, 

GREECE. ^^^ whose walls are not ^ built with hands,*' 

, - * X . . nor ** hewn of stone?*' — Fraser^s Magazine^ 

B 18 ground where every fountain has m^ nvr-en 

elebrated, every stream sacred, and 

every broken column, or half-buried FLOODS AND FIRE. 

, 18 eloquent of other times. To turn 

iek in Greece, is a different thing Arom There is no destroyer so rapid and so resist- 
\ up a brick elsewhere. It is true that less as floods of water. The ravages of fire 
16, some of Csesar's dust may be form- are in comparison slow and even harmless, 
irtof the bung, which secludes from the The mountain torrent is an enemy which no 
) barrelled wine of an effeminate cardi- rampart can withstand. It beats down the 
at in Greece, every grain of rubbish weak and undermines the strong. Other as- 
mw% entered into the composition of a sailants attack the surface only. The confla- 
Unrivalled country I What other con- gration, which crumbles the superstructure, 
lod rooky spot of the earth's surface spares the foundation — while it destroys the 
lade such a turmoil as it has done in erection, it touches not the site; but the rain- 
affiurs I What restless spirits did it swollen river, in its unappeased rage, not con- 
ge to f How they sung, and fought, tent with levelling the works of art, directs 
Testled, danced, and wrote! Up to its vengeance equally against the works of 
Tj moment, the inhabitants of northern nature. In the lapse of time and in the pro- 
itant regions, deem it of the first neces- gross of improvement, the place that once 
lai their youth should learn its tongue knew its lord may know his &ce no more; but 
they should read its authors, examine in the instantaneous changes consequent upon 
latoms, and dwell upon their sayings, the sapping and storming of an overwhelming 
ins of the buildings of ancient Greece flood, tiie failure of recognition is often mu- 
rioii8 enough ; for the Greeks were a tual. The face of the landscape is altered as 
to whom the elegant arts were among it were, in the twinkling of an eye; vallies are 
3 of Ufe; pillar, and freize, and metope, filled up, hills subside, long-remembered chan- 
have been as great necessities to them, nels are dried up, plains are furrowed with 
-wine and biSlocks to us. Creatures unwonted courses, fertile fields are changed 
»! whatever ^ey touched sprung into into lakes, lakes are converted into fields; all 
; and erery door-way, or window- that was permanent passes away, all that was 
^ iJiej Iiave left, and we can fiind, constant sofl^rs mutation. 



)€ TlIK MiUUoU. 

C{)f 6atl)rrrr. New Come/.— Tho French pfipersteixe vrith 
avidity the appearance of a new comet, as one 

J/**,— A Sicilian physician, who commented ©^ ^^^ remarkable series of prodigies by which 

upon Galen, affirms that man might be made ^^^ 7^^^ ^^'^^ is to be made famous to all fn- 

immortal: and adds, that he would under- tare time. Nothing but this, they aver, was 

take to breed infants up to be so, qui ad hoe wanting to make it commemorable. The new 

idonei essent, •/they were fit for the purpose, comet is certainly not fictitious. Dr. Bremi- 

" If the sky would fall, what larks we should ker, of Berlin, has just discovered one, which 

catch!" There is great virtue in little ** •/." ^m remarked also at the observatory of 

The Temple Church, (now undergoing a Vienna, on the 18th of November, and which 

judicious and munificent repair) is one of the 7»8 also observed by an astronomer at Mo- 

four roupd churches now only left in Eng- **«°* ?".J^J»« "^ of December. Ihis comet w 

land; the others are at Cambridge, North- ?<>* ^>"*^« f*<^«P* ^>^*> **>« »88»sta»»ce of a 

ampton, and Mapleston, in Essex. telescope. At this moment it is to be seen in 

„ ,. A . . ,. . the constellation Andromeda. 

Reites, — Are you curious in relics, come to ._. ^ t^^i v a j- 
the church of AU Saints, and there you find a , ^ . ^{°,^ ^f }^*' \ rMr.— According to 
fragment of Noah's Ark-soot from the fur- clawwal |»ngo» he may be termed a " centurion 
nace of the Three Children— the bread of St. ^^ sovereigns. —Campbell. 
Joseph, that Nicodemus preserved in his A Spirited Reply. — ** Doctor," said a hard- 
glove, &C., &c. — Myconiut writing to Luther, looking brandy-faced customer yesterday to a 

The Largest Malachite Vase in the world physician—" Doctor, I'm troubled with an 

«no/iff pitfce, is in Demidors house, 105, Hue oppression, an uneasiness about the breast. 

St. Dominic, in Paris. For malachite to be W"** <^* 1^^ suppose the matter is?" ** All 




chips are usually . _ _ - 

wooden frames. how could I get water on my chest, when I 

BraziL-ln that region, nature seems to J??'* ^""f^ !**'''''''' *^*SJV^""i.u !fX^ 

dispense her gifts most prodigally, and man ^ "t'** .^^^^^^ y^^ "^«*»* ^*^* "* **• - 

may there be said to be a solitary wanderer in ^^^ ^^""^ paper, . 

a wilderness of sweets. ^^ !<>" remember how the first lord in 

A hundred Years and a Day. -TYi^r^hX^lj T^'^l'^k'T^f ^^If^^'J' ^ Intending 

died in the department between Chains and !i^ii'i!^\^/ T^^f ^?? ^'tlf ^""S"^ '""a 

St. Yrieix, a centenarian, who presented this fl^t^T' "^''"'^ """^^ ""^ *^* "^''*' *""* 

peculiarity, that he was born Nov. 25, 1740, ^"^/^ *^* empewr. 

and died Nov. 26, 1840, so that he just lived Language.— Of modern languages, the Gcr- 

a century and a day.— Courrt^r de V Europe "?*" " ***® organ, French the fife, and English 

Monte /?o#«.-This is 6,500 feet above the ^'^^""^ * *?T* ""^ ^**^'*^"'" ^^^•*^^- 

sea; and is clad with beautifully pure snow ^^her is but a piece of mere earth, and th« 

from the summit down to the elevated plateau '*®"® ^^ Bologna but the fragment of a rock; 

from which it rises. y®^ ^he first has the perfume of the rose, and 

On the Parisian Farce. *^® **^^"*^ '^^^^*^ ***« »'^°- 

Frnikca woudrou. love her heroes Rivei. y^^'^'^l^l ^.^^?T •^?''. ^K?'**'^^ ^^ .1 

Happen what mny 'tis still the snme . i«? ?y^^** ^^^^^^ T' J"** !'^® "?! ^""^^^ }! 

AlivB. XoJUih she fondly cleave. - l^^ ^^\ ^/«* * ^»V?'» H*^« Ws WiMild 

When dead, the Bo»«y.p..rt .WU elaim. ^^''^ «*>"»« "»*<> **»« ^0'1<* Without heads." 

R. C. Mr. Frantx, the Tailor, speaking. — ^ Jk 

Love after Death. — Whj should we believe tailor, de Schneider, make de gentleniMi! It 

that the dead are unconscious or heedless of is Mr. Frantz, of St. James's who take Us 

the regard of the living — ^that they no longer measure and his oloth, and who make de fiae 

contemplate the memory or behold the effects handsome noblemen and gentry, where d<l 

of their worldly career! Why should it be fadersandde mutters make only de uglylittie 

so? Are the affairs of this life too insignificant naked boys!"— ^'Jlfon^^" by Bulwer. 

for their regard! Are they too humble for The sailor only knows how pleasant it is to 

the attention of Grod! Is our affection disre- be at sea with a wholesale breeze, with stora* 

garded by him! Why, then, should they be sails under a laughing sun, and having their 

indifferent to it! Is there an angel in heaven sticks almost blown out of them by a pleasait 

who feels no ddight when he learns that ano- breeze. 

ther creature lovw him! If t^ere be, it is London is fed by means of a system of e*-^ 

time he were cast thence! „ala ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^, y^^^ ^^j^^^ 

The Princess Borghese, some years since, on the surface of the earth, 

sat to Canova for the form of his Venus ' 

Victrix. LONDON : Printed and pnbluhed by J. UUBIM. 

True Boonomy U the chUdof wi«Iom, «.4 l£ii/2S'ilJT«1S:^/ifV"(}jsr*i "Jt^" 

the mother of mdependenee.— CampftW/. ««//m. -/» FRAKVhuHT, VHAHi.is^ J'nm.. . 



LfTERATUEE, AMOSEUENT, AMD INSTRUCTION. 
M0.1D41.1 SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1B41, [rBtci: 7d. 




Xitttiot of eitUvnt &i)u»ip, ^txti. 



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Ixttiloi of iStiti^«*t e(u»Ir. 



It THE MIRROR. 

CHESHUNT CHURCH, HERTS. poor for ever; then let for 15/. lOs., but now 

. o 1., . for 25/. 

This church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a spa- The ancient font in the church stands near 

clous edifice— of three aisles and chancel em- ^he tower in the north aisle ; it is of a rude 

battled ; with a handsome lofty tower, con- octagon form, having several supporters, 

taining a peal of six bells, the most ancient of Among the many tombs and inscriptions in 

which bears the following inscription :— ^jje church-yard, is one to the memory of 

•* Danitil Reiidiu}?«ou. Philip ^hi'iietou, Anthony Oliver Cromwell, Esq., a descendant of Rich- 

T.irry. cimrchwunif iis, 165^9. ard Cromwell, son of the protector : he died 

Jame. Bartlei maile mee. j^^^ ^^ j^.jj^ ^^^^ ^C) . also of Mary his 

The church contains many ancient monu- wife, who died June 28, 1831, aged 87: a 

ments of the Dacre's and Atkyns* families ; daughter of the above Richard and Mary 

the most worthy of observation, are— a hand- Cromwell married Thomas A. Russell, Esq., 

some table monument, adorned with columns ©f Cheshunt Park, who still resides there, 

supporting a canopy enriched by armorial The living of Cheshunt is a vicarage, in the 

bearings ; with the following inscription, on archdeaconry of Middlesex, and diocese of 

the edge of the marble slab : — London, rated in the king's books at 26/., and 

" Dormio nunc liber qui vixi in caicere carnis. in the patronage of the jMarquis of Salisbury. 

Carnis libtTtis uon nisi morte veuit. 

Rubertus D*icres. 1543." ___ 

On a black marble tablet— CHATHAM'S COMMAND OF THE 

«• Tills tombe waa. in the year 1543. erected to the HOUSE 
memory of Roljert Daci es, of Cltcsliuut. in • his county, 

E-quite and Privy Coum-i'lor to King Ileniy tlie iFrim f he Quarterly Review.'] 

Eik'iith, and fo- his wife Elizibetli. wlw»e body^s lye r\„ ^ . - i t j r^ ^i 

»»olli here iuterred; and since haih beenethe BuiyiiiKe ^^ 0^6 OCCasiOU, tor example. Lord Chatham 

Pi«crt of Ills Sonne George Dacres, Esqr., whoe dyeti rose and walked out of the House, at his 

1580, and his wyie Eii/abeUi; as also of Sir T nomas usual slow pace, immediately after he had 

Dacres. sonne of tlie said GeorKC, wlio dyed 16la; and fin;„i,pj y.:- JnAAnli 

of Kfitlienue his u vie, by wJiom lie liad ouely one nmsnea niS speecn. 

d.ugluer , and of Dorothy his 8»H?i)nd wyfe, wlio bare him , A SUeuce ensued, till the dOOr Opened tO let 

thirleene children, wlios'e suuue and li*'ire Sir Thomas him into the lobby. 

Dacres. Kut., nowe living, at his chuHge. this year A Member then started UP, savinir, ** I rise 

1641, renayred 'his munum>'nt, iuienrliuge it m due ±^ ««^i„ x^ au^ t>' lx m li tT? t_ t. 

tyme a resting ph.ee for liimselfe and liU lady Martha, *« ^eply tO the Right Honourable Member." 

and their posterity." -l^ord Chatham turned back and fixed his 

Another monument, to the memory of ^Ik^Ka" i?'^t'''''7i?'' instantly sat down 

Martha Doddridge, wife of John Doddridge, ^^^^J. *^«« ^'f ^^""^^'^ returned to his seat, 

of Branbridge, in the county of Devon, Esq., ^Peating, as he hobbled along, the verses of 

youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Dacres, of ^^^ ' ^ 

Hertford, Knt., and who died in 1C55, has A; Danaum p. oceres.Agamemnoni«quM phalange.. 

^L X. 1 1 • i. *• Ut vulSrevirum fulReuti.queai ma per umbras, 

the toUOWmg quotations : — lugent i trei-idaie metu : pars vt rtere terga, 

•• Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou Ceuquoi.dm jietig.e rates; para tollere vocem 

exceUest them all."— Pror. xxx. 29. Lxi^uam ; mcepius clamor frustratur liianles. 

" This is the pillar of RacheU's grave unto this day." Then, placing himself in his seat, he exclaimed, 

—Ceil. XXXV. 19, SJO. « Now let me hear what the Honourable Mem- 

The nave and side aisles contain many mo- ber has to say to me." 

numental inscriptions ; and, at the west end, When the late Mr. Charles Butler, from 

under the gallery on the north side, is a full- whom we borrow this anecdote, asked his in- 

len^h statue, in marble, of Daniel Dodson, formant, an eye-witness, if the House did not 

who died, Anno mdccxli. laugh at the ridiculous figure of the poor Mem- 

On the north wall of the chancel is a mar- ber ; he replied, ^ No, sir ; we were all too 

ble tablet belonging to the Dewhurst family, awed to laugh," 

one «f whom, CU>bert Dewhurst, of Cheshunt Another extraordinary instance of his com- 

Nimliery, in conjunction with his sister, maud of the House is, the manner in which he 

founded the free school in 1640 : he died fixed indelibly on Mr. Grenville the appella- 

1645.— (Vide Mirror, No. 1035, p. 353.) tion of "the Gentle Shepherd." 

Among the many benefactors to the poor. At the time in question, a song of Dr* 

inscribed on the galleries, is the following: — Howard's, which began with the words, 

** King James the First gave* to the poor of •• G. nti.* s -piu rd, tell me where,* 

Cheshunt for ever, in lieu of land taken from each stanza ending with that line, was in 

Cheshunt Common to enlarge Theobald's every mouth. 

Park, 500/., part of which was laid out in in the course of the debate Mr. Grenville 

building alms-houses on Turner's Hill, for ten exclaimed, " Where is our money I— where 

poor aged widows ; and the residue purchased are our means I 1 say again. Where are our 

a faarm ^t Naming, Essex, for the use of said means ! -where is pur money?" 

^ „,. ., ... .. . .„ He theu sat down, and Lord Chatham naced 

• With creater pioiirietv, Yre i\\\nK, " exchanged-" „i^ i i. ^xi. u « *-v*v» v-<i«an;i*ariiipa.wcu 

«• Solomm. ilie son ot Davia," waa not pre- jarincift for slowly out of the House, humming the line,— 

hkt JOierality. _ " Cieutle Shepherd leil me where." 



THE MIRROR. 



\9 



SONG OP THE SEASONS. 
iFortA0 Mirror'] 

Rovwo the miifne circle stilt. 
Tlie eensuDB aye their Wdy fulfil : 
Budding S]iriiig. aad flowinf Samai«r, 
Kallid Aatumu«— end unto her 
Add a staid and sober dame. 
Winter, — with her cheering flaoM*. 

First, street Spring her way began. 

When the vernal breexes fan 

Budding tret^ and bnrsliiiff flowers, 

SpTKadittg o*er the le<iflem bowers, 

F^m her lap the snow-drop fell. 

Dropping down a milky bell. — 

And tlie yellow aconite 

Pk-ets again upon the Riirht. 

Crocus and gay daffodil. 

Each their dustiuy fulfil. 

While the silvery clouds are spreading. 

And their cheering influence sneddiug. 

L'uten— lieten !— soft and low. 

In some covert hiding now, 

Onckuo notes of April tell, 

Wlifre tlie hawthorn blossoms swell, 

Kfrvid grows the noontide ray, 

Duve-f>y*d Spring has fled away I 

Then comes '* refulgent Summer,*' ronud her biow 
A wnrath, where roses and gay tulips glow 
H«r golden tresses in tlie Iwlmy air, 
Shine in tlw beams that her (kir presence share t 
And slie is beckoning to tiie welcome sliade. 
Where tlie soft muss hits a green carpet made. 
The scent of new^mown hay is on the gale. 
Low hums the bee over the sultry vale ; — 
Bat swiftly gltiles the reign of Summer by. 
And pallid. Autumn shows her presence nigh. 

Come, gifted season, with thy bounteous store 
Of yelluw sheaves, siireading the laiitbcape o'er, 
Aiid laden boughs in tangled orchards seen. 
Round cottage mofs. with creeping ivy green ; 
The partridge " bursts away oa whirring wing,** 
As thou thy witliered leaves art scattering. 
And misty grows tlie darkening morn and eve. 
As pensive Autumn takes her lingering leave. 

Who follows next with stealthy pace, 
lo frost and storm comes Winter round« 

When glittering frosts the morning grace. 
And social groups the lieartii surround ; 

And closer draws the circle near. 

While biasing iaggots lend their cheer. 

Shnt out the dull ill-favoured day, 

D^ tlie rain, the storm, aud snow. 
Old winter's eve may be as gay 

As Summer, «ith her lenfy bough. 
While spatkling wit, and soft nffeetiun's beam. 
Shines from each eye iu dark December's gleam. 

Each has lier ehurm — Spring's rulM of green. 
And laughing Summer's gorgeous light* 

And Autumn's beauty all serene, — 
And Winter with Iter tapers biight. 

Eternal Mover, of the spheres. 

Each varied season tellx of Thee, 
And thro* the ever ciieliug years. 

Proclaims Thy power and Majesty ! 
Give US thro* all Thy love to leel. 
And grateful heaits, before Thy throne to kneel I 
KkUm-Undtey, Anns R— .• 



BABYLON. 
[F«r tke Mirror.} 

Tbov glory of a tlionsaud kings. 

Proud diiughter of the East ! 
That dwellest as on sea-birds wings. 

Upon Euphrates* breaa»t ; 

* A volume of this lady's poetry, entitled, '* Tlie 
Nan, aiH) other poems,*' is. preparing for tlte press, 
and wiU be pvMUM 1l9(^ t^MriplioM. 



As lofty was thy pride of old. 

So deep shall be thy doom i 
Thy wealth is fled, thy days are told. 

Awake ! thine end is come ! 

A sound of war is in tlie lands 1 

A sword is on thy host i 
Thy princes and tlieir mighty bands~- 

The Lord shall mock their boast 1 
His Hand shall rein the ruthlug steed. 

And quell tlie rage of war. 
Shall stay the flying lance's speed. 

And burn the whirling car. 

Set ye the standard in the lauds ; 

The Lord of Hosto liath said. 
Bid trumpets rouse the distant bands 

Of Persia and the Mede ; 
Tlie bucklers bring, muke bright the dart, 

1 lead (hee forth to war. 
To burst the gat(*s of brass apart 

And break the irun bar 1 

Tlie spoiler's hand is come upon 

Thy valiant men of might. 
Their lion hearts, prouii Babylon, 

Have failed thee in the fight, 
Tliy cities are all desolate. 

Thy lofty gatfcs shall fall. 
The hand that wrought Uuroorrah's fiitt 

Shall criuh thy mighty wall. 

The shepherd shall not fold his flocks 

Upon the desert plain. 
But lurking in thy cnveru'd rocks 

The forest lieaKt shall reign. 
Fair Babyluo, Lost Babylon ! 

Sit iu the duit aud mouru. 
Hurled headlong fmm thy lofty throne-^ 

Forgotten and forlorn ! 

E. M<M^. •. 



SONNET AT THE EXPIRY OF 1840. 

BT JAMES WTLftOM. 

[For the A/irror.] 

Fabewell, Old Year ! — relinquished with regret ; 

E'en tliough with pains and |)enalties so fraught i— 
E*en thougli with thee some glorious lights have set. 

And in tny page some bitter truths aie taught. 

Foil merrily jieals out the parting kuell. 
To mask from memory thy Jars and joys ; 

And. more unseemly still, each flatt'ring l*ell 
Haileth the new with loud applausive voice. 

Ah 1 when I backward scan the chain of years. 

That but kieniify my youth and now ; 
Short, and more short, each later link appears. 

Since Time first lined his furrows on my brow : 
Come theu — a shorter still, iiercliance my last ! 

But bring thou more of wisdom than the past. 



CHARACTER OF THE FRENCH. 

The following character of the French ii 
given them by a man of genius, who loyed 
them, and whose memory they hare highly 
honoured ; it is by Rousseau : — 

^ lis ont en effet le sentiment qn'ils Tonf 
t^moignent, mais ce sentiment s'en va comme 
11 est yenu. — En yous parlant ils sent plein d« 
Tous, ne YOUS Yoient-ils plus, ils yous oublient. 
Rien n'est permanent dans leur corar : tout 
est chez eux ToBuyre du momrait. ' 

** They are really the very sentiment they 
AYow, but this sentiment passes as it comes. 
When they address you, they are full of yon ; 
let them see you no more, and they forget yon. 
Nothing is permanent in their bosomf ; every 
thing with them is the work of a qH^neat. ' 

f 2 



20 THE MIRROR. 

ON THE PRETERNATURAL BEINGS posed incantations. Ariel is a spirit, nuld 
« OF SHAKSPEARE.* gentle and sweet, possessed of supernatnra 

" Mbs. Montagu, in her chapter on the Preter- {Z?dan "' '°''''~* '" *' "°°"°"''* °' ' *^ 
natural Betap of f 5^ W?" >;" »'»»»^^ "After the consecrated grove, were cnt dowi 

*S^'^u*'**"""*i*''* rt« fc?^T„TrnJ »°d *e *«'nple3 demolfshed, the tales tha 

which he possessed «^' *«^7-l^"» 5 »"* sprung from thence were stiU preserred witl 

the present Bishop of Worcester, in h» letters ^^^ reverence in the minds of the peopU 

on o>ivalry and «>«»«^.^, "»» ^" ^ « The poet found himself happily annate 

anxious in adonung the poet s memory, by ^^^gj Jchantments, ghosts, gbblins ; ever 



* ; . ... *r^*' . . M xu jr* 01 tne noods, tne oak endned With sacred pre 

fames and other enchantments of the aoMtc ^ ^^; ^^ ^^^ ^ ^ 

kind (m preference to pagan divinities) ; the Jpp^jjension, 

allusion to which is so grateful to the charmed •'''or power, un^eeu. and minhtier far tbn,. ih.Tr. 

spin** ^ », ^ *h® mountains, and in the woods, staike 

« I will extract a few passages from Mrs. the angry spectre ; and in the gayest and mot 

Montagu's Essay ; who has testified to the ex- pleasing scenes, even within the cheerft 

cellence of our poet on the subject of preter- haunts of men, amongst villages and farm 

"*«"^hr the Pagan temples ceased to be "^""'''^ "^* "*''* ^"*"*^ ""'^ *'»" '*''PP^'^ •*"«• 

revered, and the Parnassian mount existed no Th® reader will easily perceive what resourc< 

longer, it would have been difficult for the remained for the poet in this visionary Ian 

poet of later times to have preserved the di- o^ ideal forms. The general scenery of ni 

vinity of his Muse inviolate, if the western ture, considered as inanimate, only adorns tl 

world, too, had not had its sacred fables, descriptive part of poetry ; but being, acoon 

While there is any national superstition which i<^f to the Celtic traditions, animated by 

credulity has consecrated, any hallowed tra- ^nd of Intelligences, the bard could bett< 

dition long revered by vulgar faith; to that make use of them for his moral purpose 

sanctuary, that asylum, may the poet resort. That awe of the immediate presence of tl 

Let him tread the holy ground vnth reverence; deity, which, among the rest of the vulgar, 

respect the established doctrine ; exactly ob- confined to temples and altars, was here di 

serve the accustomed rites, and the attributes fvLwd over every object. They passed tren 

of the object of veneration ; then shall he not Wing through the woods, and over the moui 

vainly invoke an inexorable or absent deity, tain, and by^ the lakes, inhabited by these ii 

Ghosts, fairies, goblins, elves, were as propi- visible powers ; such apprehensions mus 

tious, were as assistant to Shakspeare, and indeed, 

gave as much of the sublime, and of the mar- Difpen the mnrmnr of the tHWmg floods. 

velloUS, to his fictions, as nymphs, satyrs. And shea » browner horror on lht» woods j 

fauns, and even the triple Geryon, to the —give fearful accents to every whisper of tl 

works of ancient bards. Our poet never car- animate or inanimate creation, and arm evei 

ries his preternatural beings beyond the limits shadow with terrors." 
of the popular tradition. Tt is true, that he 

boldly exerts his poetic genius and fascinating ■ 
powers in that magic circle, in which none 

durst walk but he ; but, as judicious as bold, a FAIR COMPLIMENT, 
he contains himself within it. He calls up all 

the stately phantoms in the regions of super- Francis de Harlet, Archbishop of Pari 

stition, which our faith vrill receive with re- under Louis XIV., was remarkably handsom 

verence. He throws into their manner and and affable in his manner, 

language a mysterious solemnity, favourable When he was appointed to his diocese, wil 

to superstition in general, with' something several duchesses who waited upon him in 

highly characteristic of each particular being body to congratulate him, was the Duchess 

which he exhibits. His witches, his ghosts, Mecklenburgh, who addressed him in the to 

and his fairies, seem * spirits of health or gob- lowing words : — 
lins damn'd ;' and bring with them airs ^m 

Heaven, or blasts from Hell. His ghosts are ** Though the weakest, we are the mo 

sullen, melancholy, and terrible. Every sen- zealous portion of your flock." 

tence, uttered by the witches, is a prophecy, mi. * i-v u ^t « » 

or a charm; their manners are malignant, The Archbishop answered, « I regard yc 

their phrases ambiguous, their promises delu. »s the toest portion of it. 

sive. The witches' cauldron is a horrid col- ^ ™ Duchess de BouiUon, who understw 

lecUon of what is most horrid in their sup- Latan, and was weU re%d m Virgil, then r 

" . peated this line from that poet : — 

* Prom Mr. Felton*s ** Imperfect Hints towwrdt a 

new Ediltim of Shakspeare," 4to. 1784-7 ; a most deligUt- Pormo«i peeons eustos formosior ipM. 

All work, ^ww tBB!O0ni?ely searce. Pair is tha Flock, tbe Keeper fidwr ptill. 



THE MIRROR. 21 

A NIGHT IN WARDEN-LE-DALE. completely lost mj waj. 1 was footsore and 

weary, and I looked ronnd in rain for the 

_ - ,. , — r. , ,, welcome prospect of a bed and board at a 

S SMSlTl^iV l.M!-*-««. ^^i »' » fcrm-honse, the h^piUtUtie. «f 
which 1 had good cause gratefully to appre- 
ciate. It was, indeed, the Ultima Thule of all 
<'Dbar me!" said Fanny Keymor, shuddering, that loye the likeness of ciyilization — like the 
u she closed the book oyer which she had seaman, I should have hailed the sight of a 
been intently poring, ** what an imagination gibbet with something like satisfaction if it 
the author had ! (hie would think he had assured me that this lonely track had been 
raided eyery night on raw pork, like Fuseli trayersed by my fellow men. The air was 
when he painted the nightmare, or, at least, oppressiyely hot, and a range of dark porten- 
bad swallowed opium to quicken his fancy.*' tons- looking clouds on the yerge of the craggy 

Her uncle smiled, and, quietly taking a hills which surrounded the yalley on all sidef 

pinch of snuff, leant back musingly in his and were clothed here and there with tangled 

great leather chair, and looking from one coppice, warned me of the expediency of 

niece to the other with the air of a man who pressing onwards. The wind, which had till 

was engaged in solying some weighty problem, now been wanting, rose suddenly and whirled 

be nodded grayely. the few early autumnal leaves into circling 

" You are thoughtful, my good uncle," said eddies with a mournful rustle, and then as 

Maria, stirring the fire into a bright blaze, suddenly died inaudibly away, leaving a silence 

" shall we read, to beguile the evening, or do that might almost be felt. The very birds 

you wish for music !" had withdrawn prematurely to their roost, 

** No," said the old gentleman : ^ I was and I felt that I was indeed alone. 

eomparing Fanny's remark just now, with my ^ At length, to my inexpressible relief, I 

own experience ; and reflecting, that without discerned in the hollow of tne valley a build- 

tbe assistance of raw pork or opium, an ad- ing through the trees, and I pressed forwards 

Tenture of my oyni on one occasion wore an with all the energy of which my exhausted 

upeet nearly as appalling as the invention of frame was capable. But I had little cause 

tn imaginatiye writer could suggest." for satisfaction as I drew near it — for it was 

" Oh, tell ns, dear uncle ! — do tell us," said but a ruined chapel ! However, such as it 

the nieces, in a breath, " and let it be what was, I might at least abide the coming storm, 

will make us tremble as we creep to bed, and and cower beneath the walls, if they denied 

look oyer our shoulders at every step." me further refuge. The burial-ground, in the 

Mr. Keymer smiled ; " I yrill give you the centre of which it stood, was overhung by old 

''plam unvarnished tale.' Its effects upon gnarled oaks and elms — and a tall gaunt fir- 

yonrselves depend on circumstances. — tree here and there stretched its bare spectral- 

*' When I yras a young man, and that is looking arms above its neighbours as if in 

now somewhere about eight and thirty years defiance of the storm. A dark fhnereal yew 

ago, I set offfirom my father's house of business stood in sombre grandeur at the eastern end 

in tiie city, upon what was not inappropriately of the building, and beneath it lay a low black 

considered a romantic expedition — namely, a marble tomb, mildewed and stained by its 

pedestrian tour through some of the midland poisonous droppings. A few old iron railings 

counties of England. I was young, ardent, still remained, but were so corroded by time 

enthusiastic, and eke adventurous ; and the that the very wind, as it swept by them, 

charms of exploring, noting, and sketching the caused them to clank and rattle in their 

poetic and pictorial scenery of a little-fre- tenons. I observed that they were of wrought 

qaented district, sufficed to counterbalance iron, and were twined at intervals with an 

every risk, and lighten every toil. Therefore, heraldic knot, and surmounted by fleur-de-lis. 

quitting the beaten track, which I conceived Old sunk broken head-stones, whose inscrip- 

fth-eady trodden by every bagman and tourist, tions had been long illegible, rose here and 

I struck off through lonely lanes and bridle there from the rank green beds of docks and 

patJis, known only to the peasant, and equipped nettles which had struggled through the tall 

with a moderate sized knapsack, which was white-bleached grass which formed a ghastly 

eapacions enough to hold a day's provisions contrast. 

and a drinking-cup, which I filled at the *' The chapel itself was in harmony with the 

mountain-bum, a pair of hob-nailed shoes, external scene of desolation — the walls were 

and a strong C9k cudgel, I trudged merrily time-worn, decayed, and mossy — the ivy had 

along. twined luxuriantly round the mullions of the 

** It was the close of an intensely sultry windows, and the roof had fallen in, in massy 
day, about the middle of September, and the fragments. The porch had sunk from the 
eon was near his setting. 1 had rambled on united effects of time and damp, and the dial- 
for many hours without seeing a human being, plate above it was cracked through and 
—and though little mindftil of the consequences, through, and the very gnomon had fallen 
as at the worst, I could but rest under the down among the rubbish. The heavy iron- 
canopy of he»T6n, with my knapsack for a studded door was ajar — I pushed it open, and 
pillow, I wBi too weU convinced that I had entered the chapel. The ]|^a.'9einfiiiiN.^«;& voxSii^ 



22 THE MIRROR. 



irregular, and moss-grown; and at every step my situation, and my comfortless and forlorn 

I trod under foot some memorial of the dead, condition, I seated myself on a broken tressel, 

Broad stone steps, decayed and broken, led and at last fell fast asleep ! 

up to the high altar, which was flanked on " How long I had slumbered I know not, 




warrior, and had died in the Holy Land, as rubbed my eyes mechanically, convinced 

was denoted by the distinctive emblems— but was still dreaming ; but the light was there ; 

he had fallen upon the vanquished side. His and bewildered and uncertain how to act, I 

vizor was raised, his hands were clasped upon quietly raised myself enough to look through 

his breast, his sword was in its scabbard, and a loop-hole in the form of a quartrefoil, which 

bis feet were resting upon a dead lion. His was pierced in the belfry wall, and which 

surcoat was wanting, and he was in the strong had, probably, in days of old, permitted the 

chain armour of the early chivalry. The sacristan and his assistants to join the adora- 

whole was sadly mutilated, and it was with tion of the elements at the elevation of the 

difficulty that I deciphered upon the labelled Host, without quitting their peculiar duties 

moulding of the freize :— ^vane fovrc pe in the belfry." 
»otDlc of $pvvc i^ugo tie JTontibug : fte Rouge Croix. 

** Upon the southern tomb lay the recumbent 

figure of a lady — broken, ghastly, and hideous; 

while the inscription told me only that " pe THE PROPYLON OF EDFON. 

ftatine (f^cvaltiine " was there interred. 

Proud shields and gorgeous blazonry had Late in the evening the Propylon of Edfon 
once been theirs — now all was faded, wan, appeared in sight. We determined to go on 
and unsightly. Among the fragments of rich shore and visit it by moonlight ; so at eleven 
■tained glass which lingered in the ruined we landed, started off for the temple, its im- 
vrindows, I traced the heraldic knot and mense demi- pyramids standing as a land- 
fleur-de-lis; — and from the frequent repetition mark. Passing through the village, where all 
of these badges on the many monumental was wrapt in the silence of sleep, we reached 
slabs that lay along the pavement of the the low door, which gave access to the inte- 
chapel, I was led to infer that it was the rior of the Propylon. We lighted our candles 
burial-place of what had been a family of aud ascended the stairway, which, connecting 
high degree. A mouldering hatchment still chamber vrith chamber, conducts to the ex- 
clinging to its rusty cranks within the portion treme top. 

of an old but richly -carved and gilded screen. Here we lighted our pipes, and sat to enjoy 

that had once parted the chancel from a tho scene ; and what may be compared with 

southern chantry, told me by its sad emphatic such a scene ? It was midnight ; the moon 

marshalling, that ' the last of the family ' had was at her full, casting a flood of refulgent 

been long since laid beside his kindred in that light over the extensive landscape, stretching 

lonely spot. I paced thoughtfully to and fro ; from the near Lybiau to the distaut Arabian 

— ^before, around, beneath, on every side, lay chain, intersected by the slow- moving and 

stretched the titled and the proud — the * Fon- irregular Nile. There was fascination in the 

tibus,' the * Fontane,* the * Fountayne,' and spectacle. 

the more recent ' Fountain,' with its modem After remaining an hour or two and admir- 
orthography, all alike were there ! The ap- ing the immensity of the blocks upon the very 
pearance of one broad slab, however, attracted summits, more tliau one hundred feet from the 
my attention, Arom the probability of its hay- soil, we descended and explored the interior of 
ing been but recently disturbed ; and as I both portions of this edifice, 
inarked the freshly-scattered mould around Over the granite portal which connects 
its edges, and noticed the elevation of the them are blocks that form the architrave, 
ponderous stone which had not as yet settled measuring thirty feet in length by six in 
down to the level of its fellows, I could not width. Why may not the numerous and 
but speculate upon the name, the age, the sex, beautiful chambers of these interiors have 
of the latest tenant in this region of mortality been the habitations of the priests ? or, to 
—this temple of the dead ! My imagination what purpose were they applied I They are 
once roused, was busy ; and I soon peopled of various dimensions ; some extremely spa- 
the deserted aisles with knight and page, and cious, others quite narrow, 
'ladye faire,' following the phantasmal pageant On the exterior of the Propylon are sculp- 
to the altar and the tomb, until reminded by tured divinities of colossal proportions, being 
the storm, which burst anon in awful gran- thirty feet in height. They all hold, in their 
deur, that I must seek a better shelter than right hands, rings, to which crosses are joined, 
that afibrded by the almost roofless nave, the latter having the form of a T. 
The belfry appeared to me in far better pre- It is rather singular that, in the mythology 
servatiou, and I thankfully availed myself of of the ancient Egyptians, the cross is supposed 
it ; and, despite the accumulated horrort of to have be«n the emblem of future life. 



THE MIRROR. 31 

SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH. earnest impnlsion, which would hay« made 

His Mind superior to Party, ^™ ^^ apostle of truth and a refonner of 

-- , , o' T iiir u' X u mankind. He is in all thinffs a follower of 

Men have done Sir James Mackintosh more g^me prerionsly recognised opinions ; becanst 

justice than they ordinanly render to their he has neither the boldness wkch would carry 

brethren ; for he is thought of almost on aU ^im beyond the limits consecrated by habft, 

hands, not as a dreamer of dreams, a wan- ^^^ ^^^ ^^^jj^ ^^ ^ ^^^1 ^^^ unsatisfied, 

derer through a limbo of vanity, but as rich ^^ich would have urged him thus to take » 

in all recorded knowledge, and an honest and ^ jgf ranjre. 
eloquent teacher. This fame has been ob- ^ 

Uined, not by the size of his writings, but the Grotesqueness of his Views resultant from 
loftiness of the ground on which they are ihe above Cause. 
placed, that pure and philosophical elevation But having an acute intellectual vision, and 
from which even the smallest object will pro- a wish to arrive at conviction, he has chosen 
ject its shadow over an empire:*and, though the best of what was before him within th* 
vigour and perseverance are necessary to at- region of precedent and authority. He hat 
t&in that height, how much larger does it plucked the fairest produce of the domain of 
make the circle of vision, than when, stand- our ancestors from the trees that they planted, 
ing among the paths of common men, our eyes aud which had been cultivated till then in 
are strained by gazing into the distance. It their accustomed methods. But he has not 
is not merely by the talent displayed in his leaped the boundaries, and gone forth to search 
works, brilliant and powerful as it is, nor by for nobler plants and richer fruits, nor haa 
the quantity of his information, however vari- he dared to touch even the tree of knowledge 
ous and profound, that he has obtained his which flourishes within the garden. He has 
present celebrity ; but, in a great degree, by looked for truth among the speculations of a 
the tone of dignity and candour, which was thousand minds, and he has found but little in 
BO conspicuous a characteristic of his mind, its outward forms. He has abstracted some- 
He had less of the spirit of party than almost thing here, and added something there ; 
any partisan we remember. be has classed opinions and brought them into 

— ^. ^L' #^ • • comparison, and picked out this from one, and 

Formation of his Optmons, .^.^^^ ^^ ^j^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^j. . ^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^ 

His greatest talent was in the power of ac- the right, now faltered to the left ; and scarce 

quiring knowledge from the thoughts of others, rejecting or believing anything strongly, hat 

Of the politicians of his day, if not of all then become learned with unprofitable learning, 

living Englishmen, he was incomparably the and filled his mind with elaborate and costly 

most learned. His acquaintance with the furniture, which chokes up its passages and 

history of the human mind, both in the studv of darkens its windows. He has slain a hundred 

its ovm laws, and in action, is greater than systems, and united their lifeless limbs into » 

than that of any other contemporary writer single figure But the vital spirit is net hit 

of his time, and his intimacy with the revolu- to give. It is not the living hand of Pluto or 

tions and progress of modern Europe, both in Bacon which points out to him the sanctuary; 

politics and literature, was, indeed, perfectly but the monuments and dead statues of philo- 

marvellous. He is also the more to be trusted sophers that block up the entrance to the Tem- 

in bis writings on these points, becauFO he pie Wisdom. His mind is made up of the shredi 

never was exclusively wedded to any peculiar and parings of other thinkers. The body of 

system, or even science. Manv of the chroni- his philosophic garment is half taken from the 

ders of particular tracts in the wide empire gown of Locke, and half from the cassock of 

of knowledge, seem to consider that their own Butler ; the sleeves are torn from the robe 

department is the only important one, or even of Leibnitz, and the cape is of the ermine of 

that their own view of it is incalculably and Shaftesbury; and wearing the cowl of Aquinas, 

beyond dispute the most deserving of atten- and shod in the sandals of Aristotle, he comes 

tion ; their works thus resemble some oriental out before the world with the trumpet of 

maps, in which the Indian Ocean is a creek Cicero at his lips, the club of Hobbes in one 

of the Persian Gulf ; and Europe, Asia, and hand, and the mace of Bacon in the other. 

Africa,are paltry appendages to Arabia. Sir Ardour of Feeiing necessary toan Author, 

James Mackintosh is, m a great de^ee, free Having thus formed his opinions from books, 

ftom this error. He knows whatever has been ^thout having nourished any predominant 

produced in other naen by the strong and rest- ^^^jj^ ^^ ^^^^^^ i^ l^jg ^^^ mind,-his creed 

less workings of the principles of their na- .^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^ subtleties and 

tare. But he seems himself to have felt but nicely-buianced system. It is aU arranged, 

UtUe of such prompting. The original sin- ^^^ polished, and prepared against objection, 

cerity and goodness of his mind, display them- ^^^ carefully compacted together like a deli- 

selves unconsciously in much of his writing ; ^^^ j^^^^^i^ ^^^ .^ jg ^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^f ^^^ 

bat they do not appear to have given him that jj^j^g gubstance of his mind. It is easy to 

• II we itin«'i»^^ ''«*»*• * '* said., that, from one perceive, to learn, to talk about, a principle, 

of iiie .Hw« roouiit»iiu., »»»« '/"^'l^/. "^^JZ^Ht and the man of the highest talent will do thit 

^^^tluo^nBisn^nseXo^^d^Uucofm^y ^^ But to know it, it mutt be felt. And 



34 THK MIRROIL 

here the man of talent ii often at fault ; while GREAT SPIRITS SUPERIOR TO 
■omcone without instruction, or eyen intellec- TROUBLE, 
tual power, may not only apprehend the truth, Handel did not begin the career, by which he 
as if by intuition rather than by thought, but is chiefly remembered, till he had reached the 
embrace and cherish it in his inmost heart, mature age of forty-eight — till after he had, 
and make it the spring of his whole being, for many years, been exposed to the ** pitiless 
Sir James Mackintosh has, unfortunately, pelting storm" of cabal and vicissitude, rag- 
buried the seeds of this kind of wisdom under ing behind the curtain of a theatre, enough, 
heaps of learned research and difficult casuis- one would think, to harass all the poetry and 
try. He has given no way to the free expan- composure of spirit out of one even of robuster 
Bion of his nature, nor rendered himself up to nerve than was he. 

be the minister and organ of good : which So, too, Milton, who, it might be supposed, 
will needs speak boldly, wherever there are could hardly have been fit for much ** altar- 
lips willing to interpret it. This, perhaps, is service" after a middle age of Domestic trou- 
not seen clearly by the world. But the want bles and strivings in the thorny lists of con- 
is felt ; and the most disciplined metaphysi- troversy, never girt himself so gloriously with 
eian, be the strength and width of his compre- his ** singing robes," as when the season of 
hension what it may, will inevitably find, that youth and impulse was long past, and he was 
men can reap no comfort nor hope in doubts left old, and blind, and afflicted, 
and speculations, however ingenious, or how- The genius that is early exhausted by use, 
ever brilliant, unless they hear a diviner power or fretted out in the struggle with life, thereby 
breathing in the voices of their teachers. The proves itself to be &ntastic and evanescent--* 
understanding can speak only to the under- of the second order; whereas, it is a test of 
standing. The memory can enrich only the such nobler spirits as are to live for ever in 
memory. But there is that within us, of which their works, that every passing year and ad- 
both understanding and memory are instru- ditional care only adds to their wisdom, and 
ments ; and he who addresses it can alone be calmness, and patience ; and thus qualifies 
certain that his words will thrill through all them to work out, worthily and dispassion- 
the borders of the world, and utter consola- ately, those lofty ideas, which have replaced 
tion to all his kind. the more fitful and glowing fancies of their 

earlier days. 
Hit « Vindieia GalliecBr 

Sir James Mackintosh seems to have spent THE WANDERING JEW. 
much of his time in storfng up information for It is singular that, of all the numerous wri- 
the " moth and rust to corrupt." He had ters that have undertaken the history of the 
none of that eager earnestness of mind, which Wandering Jew, or Undying One, each has 
would have made him impatient of seeing the adopted a tone of exaggerated seriousness, 
great and mingling currents of human life The idea of eternally remaining on earth, and 
fiow past him, without himself plunging into witnessing the disappearance of successive 
the stream. His " VindicisB GalHcse" is in- generations, may be a painful one, and the 
deed a talented book ; there is in it a com- subject of such a miracle might, perhaps, be 
pleteness and vigour of reasoning, and a ful- a miserable person. The condition would, 
ness and almost eloquence of style, which justly nevertheless, have its charms; and we are 
brought on him distinction. But there is, per- surprised that no writer has ever contemplated 
haps, in that very nearness to excellence, an the advantages of the position. Exemption 
evidence that there could be no closer ap- from all fear of death might lead to great 
preach. A child of three feet high, and of the deeds, if it were not counteracted by a want 
exact proportions of a man, is a miracle in of sympathy, which an undying one would 
boyhood; but he will never grow, and the man feel with frailer beings; it would certainly 
will be a dwarf. The mind, exhibited in the lead to great enjoyments, and an immortal 
work in question, is not in the immaturity of person would be endowed with a gift that 
greatness, but second-rate power in its highest would place all the world at his feet, 
development. There are in it none of the If he were inclined, for instance, to cheat, 
eager rushings to a truth, which is yet beyond he might break all the annuity shops ; and, 
our reach,— none of those unsuccessful grasp- being by birth a Jew, it is natural to suppose 
ings at wide principles and abortive exertions he would take in a great many with his post 
to make manifest those ideas, of which, as yet, obit bonds. Such a man might never fear 
we only feel the first stirrings,— none of those punishment by hanging ; and, consequently, 
defeated attempts, the best warrant of future might execute any deed he pleased, and in- 
success, which we find in the earlier works of stead of being executed himself, he would 
master iutellects. become the universal executor. 

Sir James Mackintosh seems to us, in short, The usefulness of such a person would be 

to have been distinguished chiefiy by readiness extraordinary. He would be a sort of mes- 

in accumulating the thoughts of others, by sub- senger to posterity— we might say, "Sir, I 

tlety in discerning differences, and by the will thank you to mtbrm the thirty-first cen- 

greatest power of expression which can exist tury, that a great man of my name lived in 

without anything of poetic imagination. this." 



THE MIRROR. 
THE KINO OF THULE. 



25 



[A Correspondent, iinder the wgnature of Faust, sends us an original BaUad by Goethe, 
« Der Konig in Thule," accompanied by his own translation : -] 



X>er £6ntd in X^ule. 

^i xoax ein Sini^ in X^ufe, 
@ar treu hi^ an ba^ 6)rab, 

!Dem <lerbenb feine »u^(f 
^inen golbenen S^4)er gab. 

& ginq i^m nic^td baruber, 
^r (eert i^n jeben ^ma\x^ ; 

!Die tSugen gmgen i^m ubcr, 
@o oft er tran! barau^. 

Unb aU et fam ju flerben, 
3i^(t' er feine ®tabt' im IReic^ 

©inni' Me^ feinen 6rben, 
^n ^ect^r nic^t {ugleid^. 

& faf beim ^onig^ma^Ie, 

^ie 9Utter urn i^n ^er, 
luF l^o^em ^iter - <SaaIe, 

X)ort auf bem @c^(of am ^eer. 

!Dort flanb ber a\u ^ecf^r, 
Xranf (e$te ^ebeneidhitl^, 

Unb n>arf ben ^eiUgen ^z^x 
^Inunter in bte 3(ut^. 

^r fa^ if^n ^urgen , trinfen 
Unb fmfen tief in'^ ^eer, 

^ie ^ugen t^aten i()m Ttnffn, 
^ran! nie einen ^tropfen me^r. 



THE KING OF THULE. 

There was a King of Thule 
True to the very grave, 
To whom his dying mistress 
A golden goblet gave. 

Nothing loved he better I 
Each feast he drained it out ; 
His eyes with tears o'erflowing, 
Whene'er he drank thereout 

His estates he counted o'er, 
And when his end drew near, 
Gave them all unto his Heir ; — 
Not so the goblet dear. 

At the royal feast he sat, 
His knights around him all. 
In yon sea-girted castle, — 
His high ancestral Hall. 

There the Royal Toper stood. 
There swallow'd life*s last glow,* 
Then threw the precious goblot 
Down the guify flood below. 

He saw it headlong fall — 
Saw it in the deep sea siuk ; 
Then softly closed his eyes, 
Never more red wine to drink. 



THE FOUR COCHIN-CHINESE, 
AT PARIS. 
Saiuno from China, Captain Pougallet, com- 
mander of the French ship AlexandriOj has 
brought with him on board, four Cochin-China 
men, who come to offisr to the French govern- 
ment, the expression of the sympathies of 
their nation, and to vinit their dock-yards and 
arsenals. 

It was on his return from the Druidic grotto 
of Gayemi, that the people, hearing of his ar- 
rival, wished to satiny their curiosity in see- 
ing the Alexandria and her passengers. 
Pleased ¥rith the captain, the people of the 
place presented him with four Cochin-Chinese. 
One of them speaks English fluently, and it 
was in this language, and between the smok- 
ing of cigars and champagne, that the conver- 
sation was established. 

Two of these Cochin-Chinese, one aged 
forty, and the other forty-five, are mandarins. 
The two others, aged only twenty, and twenty- 
two, bdoitg io distiiigiilshed fiuniliei of Cochin- 



China. They are very remarkable for tho 
brilliancy of their glance, their bronzed com- 
plexion, and their oily skin. Their hair is 
trimmed like the generality of Chinese, with 
a long tail procee£ng from the middle of the 
head. Their moustaches descend very low, 
and they blacken their teeth with essence of 
citron. They wear on their heads a black 
cap; their robe of blue silk flows down to the 
ground, on which are embroidered figures of 
birds. This blue robe is the distinctive sign 
of mandarins of the second class. The first 
class wear green; the king alone has the right 
of wearing yellow. That of the people is ge- 
nerally black or brown. 

On arriving at Paris, they took up their re- 
sidence at the Hotel des Princes. One of them, 
Ouyan-Touau, is a mandarin of the first class. 
They dine at the table d'hote of the hotel, and 
help themselves without much difficulty, with 
a knife and fork. Their admiration was sen- 
sibly exalted at the funeral ceremonies of tho 
Emperor Ni^leon.—C^ttrrier de PEur^pg^ 



2(5 THE MIRROR. 

FABLES FROM LESSING. P^^^ ^^r aT *?y*^^°« >*^,»^ «^^^' '^ ^• 

had not had the old matenals to work upon. 

The Warlike Wolf. — " My father, of glo- The Ox and the Stag. — A heavy ox and 
rious memory," said a young wolf to a fox," a fleet stag were once grazing in the same 
was a true hero I His name was feared meadow. The ox said, ^ Friend stag, if the 
eyerywhere. He destroyed more than two lion should attack us let us join our forces, 
hundred enemies, and sent their souls to Or- and we can easily beat him off." — ^ Excuse 
cus ; no wonder, then, that he was finally me,*' answered the stag, " that might answer 
overthrown !" " That is the way they talk your purpose, but why should I try to fight 
in funeral orations," replied the fox ; '' but a against a lion, when I am sure that I can con- 
matter-of-fact historian would add, that the quer him by running?" 
two hundred enemies destroyed were sheep The Dying Wolf. — The wolf lay at his 
and asses, and the one that overthrew him, last gasp, and cast back his glances to his 
was the very first bull he ventured to attack." past life. ''I am a sinner, it is true," he 

The Hind and the Fox. — The hind said said, " but I hope not one of the worst ones, 
to the fox — '* Alas for us, weak, helpless I have done a great deal of mischief, but I 
beasts ; the lion has made a league with the trust some good too. Once I remember very 
wolf!" — " With the wolf? that is no such ter- well a bleating lamb, that had strayed from 
rible matter," was the reply. *' One roars the flock, came so near me that I might eadly 
and the other howls, so we will generally have seized it, but I did not harm it. About 
have warning in time. But let us hope the the same time, too, I bore the taunts and re- 
strong lion will never unite with the cunning vilings of a sheep with the most Christian 
weasel. When they are together it is all over equanimity, though theib were no dogs near 
with us !" to protect it."—" Yes, I can bear witness to 

The Fox and the Tiger. — " I really envy all that," remarked the fox, who was attend- 

thee thy swiftness and strength," said the ing him. " I recollect all the circumstances : 

fox to the tiger. ^ Is there nothing else it happened just at the time that you broke 

about me that you desire ?" asked the latter, both your fore-legs, when the crane helped 

** Why no — nothing that I know of." — you out of the marsh you lay buried in." 
** Would not you like my gay skin ? Tt is as The Nightingale and the Peacock. — 

parti-coloured as thy mind, and the outside A nightingale, of a sociable turn, sought in 

would then be in keeping with the inside." — vain for a friend among all the singing birds. 

** That is the very reason," said the fox, " why Perhaps I shall find one elsewhere, thought 

I don't want it. — I must seem not to be what she, and fluttered down to pay a visit to the 

I am. Would the gods would change my hair peacock. '' Beautiful bird, I cannot but ad- 

into feathers !" mire thee !" — " And I always admired thee. 

The Boy and the Serpent. — A boy was sweet songster I" — " Let us be friends, then," 
playing with a tame snake. " T would not said the nightingale ; *' for you court the eye 
be so familiar with you, if you had not had and I the ear." Pope and Kneller were bet- 
your fangs taken out," said the boy. '^ You ter friends than Pope i>nd Addison, 
snakes are the wickedest, and most ungrateful The Bull and the Calf.— A strong bull 
of all creatures. I read once how a poor shattered the door-post of his stable with his 
countryman picked up one of your race, which horns. " Look there, herdsman," cried a 
he found half frozen under a hedge, and put calf, " / never did such mischief." — " I only 
it in his bosom ; and how, as soon as it got wish you could,'' was the answer. The Ian- 
warm, it bit its benefactor, and the poor man guage of the calf is that of our petty philoso-* 
died." — " I am astonished to hear you say phers. " That wretched Bayle," they say, 
so," rejoined the serpent ; " how partial and " how much mischief he has done with his 
prejudiced your author must be ! Our writers doubts !" Happy it would be if other writers 
tell the story very differently. That benevolent had the tithe of his power ! 
man supposed the snake was really frozen to Hercules.— When Hercules was received 
death, and, as it was one of the parti-coloured into heaven, he paid his greetings to Juno, 
kind, he put it in his breast, to take off its gay before any other of the deities. All were 
skin when he got home. Was that right ?" — astonished, and asked him, " Why dost thou 
** Oh, be still !*' cried the boy ; " the ungrate- pay such distinction to thine enemy 1"—" Be- 
ful never want excuses."— " True, my son," cause it was persecution that gave me an op- 
remarked his father ; but whenever you hear portunity to do the great actions by which I 
of any extraordinary want of gratitude, look earned my place in heaven." 
well at the facts. True benefactors were ne- The Lamb's Protectors.— A shaggy wolf- 
ve^ repaid wi h unthankfulness." dog was set to watch a lamb. Another dog. 

The Brazen Statue. A brazen statue, also near a wolf in shape and colour, saw him, 

the work of a famous sculptor, was melted by and fell upon him at once. " Wolf, wolf, 

a great flre, so that nothing but a heap of me- what are you doing with this lamb ! * cried 

tal was left. Another artist took this mass, he. '^ Wolf yourself : be off, or you'll find 

and made from it a new statue, of the same out to your sorrow," was the answer. The 

subject^ but far superior to the first in beauty, one tried to carry off the lamb, the other to 

Envy saw it, and gnashed her teeth, but soon keep it by force, and between the two it was 

found some consolation. '' The fellow could torn to pieces. 



THE MllUlOR. 27 

public :9ottnuU. i"K« and coat-anuour. The repnblieaiioii, in 

1496, inclodiDg, in addition, ike treatise on 

fishiug, was printed by Wynken de Worde at 

Quarterly Review. No. cxxxiii. Westminster. 

[Bbfobb the world was three hundred and . Dainty amusement, indeed, was angling, 

^«bty years so old as now, Juliana Bemers ">' *^® prioress and her bevy of " maids of 

was prioress of Sopewell. Often as the gold of heayen." From this noble aud learned lady's 

the summer-mom broke, and illumed the book — from her pious original — occasional 

streams in the vicinage of the priory, Juliana, leaves, with small variations, are to be seen in 

with her bevy of saintly maids, might have been almost every book of angling from Barker and 

seen disporting for fish on the river-marge— Walton downwards. Her style may bo judged 

elegant forms m mantles of blue satinity, «nd of by the following passages, in the first of 

feir with snow-white plumes. And such ra ^ych she thus improves the occasion:— 
their success m the diversion, that, before the 

** shivering lustres " of Vesper were extinct, " **"*" °®* "•« "'*» ft>«»yJ "«»^y dy»porte for ao 

their creels were often full of sweet river-food X^lT"^v^in,'? TH^ITIl^-nv^'f 1"^ ^^'^'^T "' ?.T 

«n««^i,A:. »..»«^:.i .^^..4. montiv oonly; hut pnticiitsiUy for your S(>l«ce, and to 

fortheiT prandial repast. , ^. . c«uw the helti.e of your liody. anrf .pecyMlIy of your 

Jrious Juliana also loved angling the more, boulu; forwhanne yepur|)oustoKooon yoardyt|iortrs 

because it the more made her love her Maker; "• fyuliynxe. ye woU not desyre Kieily'maiiy p»>ntoi» 

the beauty of his divine works sank like music ^hyche myghie lette you of your g.«inf. And thenae 

into her soul, and while her hands angled, her >* ""^y f«^'^«. ?«*• devuwtly. in •ayine att-ctuoMhr 

V^iedJl "^^^^^'^^ "" evangelized W im- ^ ^raTvo^^d^ruV vS^l: "'" ''''''''" '' '"^^ 

But we cannot speak very highly of this 
DAMS JULIANA BERNERS, THE LADY- ANGLER, holy damc's tastc in cuHnary affairs; shewna 

Tradition gives the following origin to the ull'lf^ily T. v m"" ** ^^fu' ^^^ a l^*"*^^ 
nimneryofS?pewell,whichwatundfrtherule ?*hi« ^^/^^ highly of the worst fish for the 
-we are suri it was gentle-of the sporting **i^ " f "' ^P^"^^*^' «*^"'^- 

prioress, and which was situated at a small „^ '* '•^'^>" ••,* 'y*"*® ^>**''V .**"' i' ^ * *»"T^ 
5:-* A All xi. "^ °*" "•»"^** *« * ""»*" meete.andaprryloUH'orniuuuvtbody. For, comynly, 

distance to the south-west of St. Albans. Two |,e syveth an Innoduxiou to the fehrw ; aud yf he be 
women, whose names have been long forgot- (^ten rawe— (he.>r it uot Comus ! >— he maye be cause 

ten, came to Egwood, and there, by the river- "' maunys dethe. whychi* hath oft be seen, 
side, they put together a rude kind of her- That raw barbel ought to cause the death 
mitage. In this humble abode, formed of of any civilized, unfeathered, two-legged ani- 
branches of trees, and covered with bark and maly all cooks will allow; that such an event 
leaves, they dwelt, until the fame of their ab- should have been frequent can only be ao- 
Btinent, chaste, charitable, and religious lives counted for by that delightful state of unso- 
leached the ears of Jeffery, the sixteenth phisticated nature which prevailed in the fif- 
Abbot of St. Albans. Touched with their teenth century. What would the Hon. Robert 
self-denial, their piety, and their active virtues, Boyle, who speaks with abhorrence of eating 
the good abbot, about the year 1140, built a raw oysters, have said to this I Certainly he 
cell for them, causing them to be clothed like who swallowed the first oyster was a bold 
nans, and to live according to Benedictine man; but he was well rewarded for his bra- 
rule. Nor did he stop here, for he granted very in discussing the sapid mollusk not only 
them lands and rents. To be sure he did not unwashed and undressed, but also unshaven, 
pay any very great compliment to the '' uneasy For some time Dame Juliana^s book seems 
virtue " of the inmates of this cell; for, on the to have been all-sufiicient for our ancestors; 
ground of preserving their fame from the at- nor does there appear to have been any pub- 
tacks of scandal, he ordered that they should lication of note till 1651, when ^ The Art of 
be always locked up in their house, and that Angling, wherein are discovered many rare 
their number should not exceed thirteen, *' all secrets, written by Thomas Barker, an ancient 
select virgins." He also gave them permis- practitioner in the said art,'' made its appear- 
sion to bury there; but only for themseWes, ance in the shop of Oliver Fletcher, ** near the 
not for strangers, his liberality not going the Seven Stars, at the west end of St. Paul's." 
length of a grant, which would probably en- Odd as its contents were, it was, nevertheless^ 
rich their s&ine at the expense of his own. a most instructive book. 
The number ofthe saintly sisters had dwindled Barker was, moreover, a cook of no mean 
to nine at the dissolution, and the yearly va- quality ; — e. g, 

loe of the house was then estimated by Du^- *' I have been admitted into the most am- 

dale at 40/. 7«. 10</.; though Speed makes it bassadors' kitchen's that have come into £ng- 

68/. 8«. land this forty years, and do wait on them 

Dame Juliana (a sister, it is supposed, of still at the lord protector's charge, and I am 

Blchard Lord Bemers of Essex) appears to paid duly for it: sometimes I see slovenly 

have become prioress about 1 460, and the first scullions abuse good JUh most groslg" The 

edition (folio) of her book, commonly known variety ef his receipts and the lyrical in me- 

as tiie Bake of St. Albans, printed at that dias res style in which he often commences 

place in 1486— (with Caxton's letter probably) them,. as if he were actually in the kitchen, is 

—contained the treatises on hawking, hunt- amusing: — '' We must have a trout^ic hot. 



28 THE MIRROR. -^ 

and uiotlier'eold." " There is one good trout portraits^of kino charlbs ii. 

of a good length, eighteen or twenty inches, Charles the Second, and his royal brother, 

wewiU have that roasted, &c.,&c. Hisdirec- ^^ jj^j^^ ^f York, though the sons of the most 

tions for boiling and calvonng trout contain the peraSnable Vmg and queen in Europe, were 

whole secret ofthe art of boiling fish. HaTing neither of them likened to Paris or Adonis, 

directed the operator Xo make the liquor boyle ,,gj„ ^y^^^ ^w knew and candidly admitted, 

with a fierce fire made of wood," he fimshes hard-favoured men. 

bv saying, "first put in one trout; let him Charles, who, in his merry mood, used to 

blow up the fire till the water boyle. then put a ^^^^^ personal Uberties " with himself, fre- 

in another; so do untill all are m and boyled. ^uently observed, " I know not which I U^ 

Sir Humphrey Davy got some credit for his ^^ur most, my grandfather or grandmother; 

directions tnr«y Salmon. « Carry him to the ^^i^Y^^j, of whom, God knows, were reputed 

pot, and before you put in a shoe, let the heauties!" 

water and salt boil furiously, and give time to ^hen Riley took the likeness ofthe kmg, 

recover its heat before you throw in another; ^^eh was done for one of the city companies, 

and so proceed with the whole fish. Pereant ^ ^ whole-length portrait in royal robes, his 

quif&.e. majesty, in respect for the painter, who, it 

The halo thrown over the Contemplative 8eems, had requested that it might not be 

ManU Recreation by Walton, and the good viewed until completed, restrained his curio> 

men whom he enumerated as brothers of the gity until he obtained the painter's consent to 

angle, invested the art with new interest. It look at it, he demanded ofthe painter whether 

is sufficient to name Walton. Who does not he himself considered he had obtained a faith- 

Imow his charming pastoral by heart! ful likeness, and being answered, " Yes, your 

After Walton, treatises soon began to mul- majesty, very like indeed!" " Humph," eja- 

tiply; among the most mentionable are Ve- culated the sovereign, and, viewing himself in 

nables, John WiUiamson, Brooks, Bowlker, the painter's glass, he cried, "odds fish ! then 

Best, and Kirby, in the last century; and, in I must be a very ugly fellow." 

this,Taylor, Captain Williamson, Salter, Car- He once said to Captain Crofts, a very 

roll, Bambridge's Fly-fisher' t Guide, Davy's handsome young man, « If I were as good 

delightful Salmonia, and Stoddart. looking a fellow as you. Crofts, I should be 

Want of space prevents us to go farther- somewhat * better-treated ' in my amours." 

not even to dwell on the charms of small trout . ^here are several portraits of this good- 

fried with crisped parsley, so delicately as not ^"n»oured king m the palaces, taken whilst he 

to soil the white damask on which they are ^« * ^jy^ T o^.^T^^^^J^T^s Reckoned ajo- 

presented. But here is an envoy from Dame «°^^^°« *<> *i« *'«^^*^7 of the old court, to be 

TV -. extremely like. On glancing his eye upon this 

Juhana:- . ^^ suddenly out day, he stopped, and. 

The angler atte the leest hath his holsom walke. anil looking upon it for some time with particulUT 

mery at his eise, a swete air of the swete savoure of attention, he observed, " For certain I was a 

theroeedefloures,thatmakythhimhunKry; hehereth ^ cadaverous-looking urchin, and that is 

the melodyous arniony of fowles, wyth tlioir brudes; xl^ V ♦ »» i^v**.**, »uu •»>«» 

whyclie me seemeth better tlmntie nil the noysy iff *"^ lact. 

houudys, the blasies of homvs. and the scrye of rouiia. That said to be the most like, and certainly 

that hunters, fawkeners, and fouiers can make. And the best-looking physiognomy, is introduced on 

LSTr ^^LTJA^' ""°" " "~ ■""" *e plafond painted by Signor Verrio, b«Bg 

a portrait of his majesty, by the more skilful 

, , hand of Kneller. 

This painter had the felicity to enjoy a 
FRASBR's MAGAZiNB. NO. cxxxiii. large share of the esteem of his sovereign, 
January, 1841. ^^M> frequently sat to him for his portrait, 
" and at his own house, then situate m Covent 
[«Thb Stars of Pall Mall," here continued. Garden;* an honour which the painter duly 
are both planetary and cometary ; that is to say, appreciated, for his majesty was never known 
some abiding in a fixed sphere, pass through to enter the studio of any other artist, 
life with a steady light ; the others move many Though familiarly known to succeeding ages 
times in eccentnc orbite, being odd and vaga- as the ** merry monarch," King Charies was 
bund in their way. Gilray, Gby, and Kneller yet subject to severe fits of melancholy, parti- 
muster jinder the last. ^^Ig^j j^ftg, experiencing some new insult 
ofreTbllu^^l'l^^dt^oT:^^^^^^ from/astlemai J In s/ch doleful .cases, he 
GWYNNE in thiie Fraserian chapters ; her im- ^°"^? ^r'^f^P Kneller's, and remain quietly 
pudent sweet face seems to smfle on us from closeted with him for two or three hours, until 
Sie page, and her hUarious Uttle laugh to trill *l»o original dry humour, bonhommie, and his 
out in every letter. " Clothed in scarlet and "ch vein of naivete, operated upon him (to use 
other delights," the court ofthe second Charles his own phrase), as was wont the harp of 
had, indeed, a galaxy of beauties, but Ro^a- David upon Saul, and expelled the evil spirit 
mundiy you know, is not always Rosa-^munda. firom his royal bosom. 

Some of these "Stars" must now be re- • Kneller subseqnently ramoTvd to Great RuaMiU- 

flected in our glass: — ] atieet, Bluonsbnry. 



THE MIRROR. 2f 

TBM BOOKBRT-Biusinjs-THE ALCHEMISTS. gw»t Selden to Ws beloTed fhwid Ben Jon^ 

i when he was writing his comedy of the A lone' 

On the site of old Carlton-tionse, in the reign mist, 

of Henry the Sixth, stood a large, Gothic After this patent was made public, many 

building, one story high, and aboye, a row of Tisionary speculators so confidently promised 

dormer windows; this place was called the to answer the weak king's expectations, that 

RooKERT, and belonged to the monks of West- the next year he published another patent, 

minster monastery. wherein he assures his subjects that the happy 

It was subsequently used as an inn. Within hour was drawing nigh, and, by means of 
the remains of this ancient place resided EIras- The Stone, which he eiiould be master of 
mus, by favour of Henry VIII., and at the anon, he would liquidate all the debts of 
recommendation of his queen Anne Bullen, the nation, in real gold and silrer. The 
who, it appears, had a great respect for that penons nominated for this wondrous o^ 
celebrated scholar, and visited him there, ration, were: — Thomas Henrey, of Austin- 
Hans Holbein, the king's Umner, painted friars; Robert Glasley, a preaching friar; 
Erasmus for this queen. William Atclyffe, the queen's physician ; Henry 

Physiognomists observe in the visage of Sharpe, Master of the Lawrence Pontigny 

Erasmns the strongest indications of good College, in London; John Fyld, fishmonger; 

sense, wit, and benignity. Henry VIII., at John Yonghe, grocer; Robert Gaylon, grocer; 

one time, held him in hi^ esteem. John Sturgeon and John Lambert, mercers of 

The rare talents of Erasmus burst forth London. 
*^ when learning was emerging out of barba- 
rism." He was one of the first to attack su- origin op the beggar s opera. 
perstitions which he had not the courage to At Schomberg-house was first concocted the 
retinquish. His cupboard, to the honour of dramatic scheme of the Beggar's Opera. It 
the age, was entirely filled vrith plate pre- was originally proposed to Swift to be named 
sented to him in homage of his talent, some of the Newgate Opera, as the first thought of 
which was given by the king himself, and writing such a gross and immoral drama ori- 
some by his unfortunate queen. He frequently ginatea vrith him. 

▼isited the palace at St. James's, in company Swift, also, who was an ardent admirer of 

with his friend and patron. Sir Thomas More, the poetic talents of Gay, delighted to quote 

The cupboard of plate, however, excited his Devonshire pastorals, they being very cha- 

the suspicion of some and the envy of others, racteristic of low rustic life, and congenial to 

for, altiiough presented to him as offerings to his taste, for the pen of the dean revelled in 

his great merit and private worth, it was al- vulgarity. 

leged against him that they were proofs of Under the influence of such notions, he pro- 

his devotion to the good things of this world, posed to Gay to bestow his thoughts upon the 

and served to supply the independent spirit subject, which he felt assured would turn to 

of Luther vnth abundant subject for invective, good account, namely, that of writing a work 

The mild Erasmus has said, ** We must carry to be entitled, A Newgate Pattoral ; adding, 

onrsdves according to the times, and hang the *^ and I will, tub rosd, afford you my best as- 

doak according to the wind ;" sentiments, sistance." This scheme was talked over at 

however meant, not likely to square with the Queensbury-house, and Gay commenced it, 

Btrugfatforward temper of the great apostle of but it was soon dropped with something of 

Protestantism. disgust. It was ultimately determined that 

In the reign of Henry VIII., the Rookery he should commence upon the Beggar* » Opera, 

Bade one of a group of small monkish build- This scheme was approved, and written 

ings, at ^e east end of Pall Mall, which were forthwith, under the auspices of the duchessy 

swept away with the besom of the*Reforma- and performed at the theatre at Lincoln s Inn 

tion; n^ihete is a tradition that, at its de- Fields, under the immediate influence of her 

ffloUtioiiy in a comer of an inner apartment, grace; who, to induce the manager, Rich, to 

the redM^B of a smithy were found, and the bring it upon his stage, agreed to indemnify 

timber roof was thickly inotusted with bitu- him all the expenses he might incur, provided 

minons smoke. This smithy^ or ferge, as was that the daring speculation should fail, 

then supposed, had been erected in the reign The offer had first been proposed to Fleet- 

of Henry YI., by his royal order; for tMs wood and his partners, at Drury Lane The- 

prinee was so reduced by his extravagance, atre; but it was at once rejected by them, as 

that he attempted to recruit his empty coffers a piece that would not be tolerated by a pub- 

hy alchemy. ^ The record of this singular lie andience; indeed, they stoutly refused it a 

proposition," says Andrews, ** contains the rehearsal. 

most solemn and serious asseverations of the The success of the Beggar* e Opera mainly 

feasibility and virtue of the philosopher's depended upon two points — the hatred of one 

itone— enconraging the search after it, and party against the Italian < >pera, and the ha- 

dupensing with all statutes and other prohibi- tred of another party against the court. The 

tiens to the contrary.'' ridicule of sing-song, united with operatical 

This record was very probably oommnni- acting, was complete, and the satire levelled 

eated (nji an iafenioiii antiquary) by the in the original against the king, the queen. 



36 THE MIRROR. 

and the court, by Gay, who was a disappointed by a little shabby house, with a little shabby 

courtier, was too bitter, too witty, not to be green door, and a little shabby brass plate, aa 

felt; it was received wiUi applause. the establishment where letters of introduc- 
tion to the Gallic territories might he had for 

■ the asking. I entered my name, age, profes- 

sion, destination, with several other little par- 
BENTLEY s MISCELLANY NO. XLix. ticulars, in a book kept for the purpose, and 
January, 1841. ^^^ desired to call again at the same hour on 
[Bentley's may be fairly termed the Cervantes the following day. 
of the month. Constantly setting out with fa- 
mous portions of chivalnc adventure, it thus Purchase of a Guide-book. 
adopts the custom of the Mambrino-helmeted _ , , . -r x» • j 
Quixote himself; while, in the rear of the mighty On my way to my lodgings, I scrutmised 
Don, the remanent portion of the number fol- carefully the bookstalls, and, as good luck 
lows like fat happy Sancho, plethoric with would have it, was enabled to provide my8elf| 
heartiness, jocularity, and laughter. for four-and-sixpence, with a " Guide to Paris" 
* My Grand Tour ' is a whimsical paper, of the year of the battle of Waterloo, and a 
Mr. Twig, an English grocer, resolves on see- « Tr^sor d'Ecolier Francais," which struck 
ing Paris, and these his preliminaries : — ] me as quite a literary curiosity. The phrases 
« M' ^ m^ m ' i n a ffiost csseutial to thc Ordinary travcUers, wcie 
Procuration of Mr. Twxg » Pastport. ^^^^^ ^^ j,^ ^^^^^^ intended to initiate the neo- 

A passport I must have ; and, as it did not phyte into the mysteries of the true Parisian 

suit my views to pay for a passport at the pronunciation ! The curious reader will form 

Foreign Office, I went off to the office of the a better idea of the arrangement of this work 

French Embassy in Poland-street, indicated from the few specimens subjoined : — 



Comment iie porte voire vahw ? 

Quel ehapenu epouvantable ! 

C*eft trSs hien, Mon»ieur Fer- 
guson ; mais cVst ne pas 
possible que vous pouviez 
tester ici ! 

Vous voUJi sans un oeil 1 

Sacre bleu I 

Qui ra vole Viine ? 



Commong sea port vote mare ? 

Rel cha|H) poof on tabbell 1 

Se \TT\y byeuHK. Moshoeu Far> 
KOOfioiiff; may say nay paw 
possee hnW kay yoo poovey 
restey see ! 

Voo wvoilu sans oou ale ! 

Sakker blue I 



How's your mother ? 

What a shockinK bad hat ; 

It's all very.^ell, Mr. Ferifu- 
son; but you donH lodge 
here! 

There you go with your eye out I 
Flare up ! 



Kee la voley Tann ? | Who stole the donkey ? 



The ^ Guide," although rather out of date, soon as asked. Monsieur Auguste de Bacomi 

I thought would do very well forme. How regarding me during the progress of the exami- 

admirably well Paris looks upon paper ! No nation with fixed attention, after which the 

wonder the Mugginses are in raptures ! Bless attendant secretary handed me a slip of semi- 

us ! the Louvre — very fine ; the Pantheon, transparent paper, and with much politeste 

not quUe St. Paul's ; Notre Dame, very fine bowed me out of the apartment, 
too, but not exactly Westminster Abbey ; the Emerging into Oxford-street, I set about 

Tuileries— queer sloping roofs— rum concern, translating my passport ; and, having suffici- 

certainly ; and the Triumphal Arch— all very ently admired the royal arms of France, 

high, and mighty, and great, to be seen for wherewith it was surmounted, with the help 

the small charge, as the puppet-shovnnan says, of a pocket-dictionary, I made out the subject 

of twenty-one shillings sterling. matter as follows : — 

Then the cafes, and the restaurateurs, and 
bffls of fare-^uch a bUl of fare ! Why 'tis a « ,„ ,„j, ,^„g „, ^^„ 

dinner to look upon ! Diner a la carte; or, 

if you don't like that, soup, fish, guatre platt " These are to will and command all may- 

a choix ; dessert, a pint of wine, and bread ors, prefects, commandants of garrisons, and 

who 
think 

. , , Rosemary -lane, Minories, now proceedinir 

Mr. TwtgU passportary Importance. singly to Paris, vi& Calais or Boulogne, and 

On the morrow T repaired, as directed, to to give him evenr aid and assistance in their 

Poland-street, and in the order of our names, power, in case of necessity, 
as inserted in the book of yesterday, we were (Signed) ** A. ob Baooht 

accommodated with passports. My turn soon Charge des Affaires.'' 

came ; and not without awe did I find myself 

ushered into the presence of Monsieur Auguste '" Veij polite, upon my word ! * In the 
de Bacomt, Chargi des AJf aires to the em- name of the king !' — that is something. And 
bassy. My name, a|;e, residence, profession, then to b& received and protected by all pre- 
destination, and so forth, were answered as fects, mayors, commandants of garrisons !** 




THE MIRROR. :(1 

Portraiture of Mr. Tufiff, foreigneering chaps? All slaTos, eyery man 

_,,,,.„, ,, . , jack of them, frog eaters, fellows that wear 

Flattered to find myself a person of such wooden shoes !'* 
fast importance in the eyes of all prefects. 

mayors, and commandants of garrisons, and Fretich Cookery, 
considering what Philadelphia Muggins would 

think, and how the other Mugginses would ** But the variety of French dishes is extra- 

Btare when they heard of it, T drew myself np ordinary. I happened to fall in with a Pari- 

to myjiill height opposite the shop of a car- sian bill of fare— " 

Ter and gUder, where was exhibited close to "I beg pardon for interrupting you," ob- 
the door, a mirror of one plate of glass, six served Tom, " but that variety of which you 
feet square, or thereabouts, ticketed at the speak is produced curiously enough. I hap- 
raoderate figure of three hundred guineas, in poned to take up my quarters once upon a 
whose bright reflection I sported my figure, *ini© ** t^® Caf^ de POrangerie, and I know 
▼ery much to my own satisfaction. t*>e trick. There the bill of fare exhibits a 
The fact is, thought I, Monsieur Auguste de catalogue of three hundred dishes; but, in 
Baeomt, Charg^ des Affaires, was struck yrith truth, there are never more in the house than 
my appearance when he gave me so flattering three. For instance, there appear on the 
a letter to tie Gallic functionaries. And * *^^^^^ ' * hundred different entries of veal, 
faith, now that I look at myself in that three- another hundred of beef, and a third hundred 
hundred-guinea glass, I thiink myself not quite of mutton. A piece of each of these meats is 
the ugliest fellow on the shady side of Rose- t®Pt simmering in a stew-pan, and a copper of 
mary-lane. Ah ! Philadelphia Muggins, Phi- universal gravy with a few handfuls of sliced 
ladelphia Mugginn ; the time map come when ▼cgetables, are always at hand. You order, 
—But what the devil's this I Hero's some- ^or example, * gigot mouton avec tauee pi- 
thing I didn't see before, as the exciseman quante,'—th&t sounds well, and probablv you 
said when he found the contraband tobacco. ™ay think it will eat as well as it sounds ; a 
Something like an order for groceries in the scrap of meat is immediately cut fVom the 
margin of my passport, headed " dbscup- shapeless junk in the stew-pan, is then well- 
noN." slopped with universal gravy, and a dash of 
No mortal ever yet beheld a veritable, bond the vinegar-cruet supplies the * sauce pi- 
fide, genuine ghost with more unmitigated quante.* If, haply, you prefer * ftati/ a la 
horror, than I, unhappy Twig that I am I be- *««<?« Tomate^ or' a la Jardiniire,* it is all 
held my own portrait in pen and ink on the the same: a little red-lead or brick-dust oo- 
margin of my too flattering, as I fondly lours the universal gravy for the former, and 
thought it, letter of introduction to the may- «• m^^ ©^ dried sage gives a reftreshing ver- 
ors, prefects, and commandants of garrisons, dure to the latter. Veal is treated in a 

Such fl ~' 

(le«cribe 

you _ . , 

sake, humane reader, never let it be known in J^ct in the stew-pan, it is all the same, — ^the 

'^imnmiln ^0t Thus it was : — sorrel, spinach — anything green will do— is 

plastered over the bit of meat, and served up 

" DMCBiPTioir. to order. 'Tis the universal gravy that doei 

Hair, - - Red, wiry, it.** 

Poctfhead. • how, tranavtnrtely wrinkled. . 

Bfet, . - Hwivelly, xreyiiih gitwb. 

N«. ^r ^ ""fifK-oS^lrl^r^r""^^ A COFFEEHOUSE DINNER. 

Shooldera, • Fiddle patieru. _ . . * «. . . ... 

Legs, ' - B lody. Oh, what a sum of suffering is represented in 

(AuotlHfr thnmiwr.) the term ! Who has forgotten the slice of 

Height, - JjJJ^^i notliiug. watery cod, apparently boiled in the weeds 

PhJS<wS2Sy. sILp Ji'ui. wliich serve for garniture ; with a large boat 

Age, - - Wruug fcid« of thirty.** of bookbinder's paste, in which crude oysters 

(N. B. The Utt tlirae items fiitae.) were stuck ? For condiment, soy with flies 

in it, or anchovy, which will not pour ; and 

** Powers of distortion !'* I involuntarily cayenne, whose heat has paled, while the 

exclaimed, ** am I then so ugly as all this ! grains have consolidated. Two or three long 

What ! am I to carry this offeusive record of kidney potatoes a Peau, and thoroughly satu- 

my own deformity to all prefects, mayors, and rated with the simple element in which they 

commandants of garrisons ; — to present it at were boiled. To follow, accordin;^ to custom, 

the gates of fortified towns to sniggling sol- the slice of a cow's hide, by courtesy styled a 

diers of the line, and sneering subalterns ! steak, tough and black, but set off with lumps 

Impudence ! Confound that sneering Charge of yellow ^t, the sight whereof would distress 

des Affaires ; I though he was laughing at an Esquimaux. Add to this a substance re- 

me all the time. Low scrub ! I'll not carry sembling mixed lamp-black and grease for 

ny own caricature about with me. Why gravy. After the struggle with the steak, if 

ihoold I spend British gold among a parcel of the guest had a tooth left in his head, he. 



33 



THE MIRROR. 



perhaps, wu mad enough to order a tart ; 
which was composed of the third of an apple 
cut into slices, keeping shape perfectly, and 
defying the operation of baking, by a vigourons 
constitutional crudity — coyered with a pale 
djry crust, ready to part from the dish at the 
slightest instance, as weary of the stale' con- 
iic>zi6n.' Next, a cheese, more biting than 
bitten, which had felt warmth, and whose 
boadngs were beautifully glared, and delicately 
powdered with dust. To these delicacies, add 
ue menstruum of a pint of a hot and distasteful 
oompopnd, drunk only because it was put in 
f decahter and to be paid for ; and, lastly^ 
tiiat enormity of enormitieis, thie Bill : — 

Coil iiud oyster MUett • • - '. • 3 6 

Knmp-itttfak aud ditto • ' • . - 3 6 

I Putntoes • - -. - *i -10 

Hread nud beer • - •• - -10 

• Tart 16 

• Pint of Old Port . • • ' - - - 3 6 

U 
To whicli. if tite nnrty thought the avoidance 
of insult worth sizueirce, was to be adde«l, 
Wait.^ 16 

And such is a Coffee-house Dinner I 



; ST; Bartholomew's church, near the 

ROYAL EXCHANGE. 

On Monday last, the 4th inst., the remains of 
the aboye memorable church were sold by 
auction, preparatory to its being taken down. 
Little more than the bare walls was left for 
the auctioneer (Mr. Toplis) to dispose of — the 
pewB, the flooring, and the organ, having been 
previously removed: the vestry-room, part of 
the old church, is to remain, and to form part 
of the intended Sun Fire-office. The building 
was visited by vast numbers of people on the 
day of sale. 

Without frost and snow, that form the ice 
of the great holy-day cake, Christmas festivi- 
ties would be incomplete. 

Curran and tf^e Sunbeam, — In one of 
Curran's most celebrated speeches, he was 
struggling for an illustration of his client's 
innocence. *' It was clear as — as — (at this 
m<iment the sun shone into the court) clear as 
fonder sunbeam that now bursts upon us with 
its splendid coruscations." 

Gothic Architecture, — The periods of the 
different modifications of this style of building 
may be thus fettled and exemplified — A bsolute 
Gothic^ unmixed with the Saxon manner, 
about 1390, see Winchester Cathedral. Or- 
namental Gothic, 1441, see King's Col. Cam- 
bridge. Florid Gothic, 1480, see St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, and Henry Vllth's, West- 
minster-abbey. 

Sir Philip B, Vere Broke, the hero of 
The Shannon, died on the 3d inst., at Broke- 
hall, Suffolk. 

Leonardo da VincVt ''Last Supper," — 
The extreme simpleness of the scene is in sin- 
gular unison with the primitive, yet august. 



nature of the subject. A table, thinly spread 
out, where the guests are as few and econo- 
mically arranged as the viands, bespeak the 
humbleness and solemn quiet, and all -observed 
order of the banquet, till disturbed by the ter- 
rible announcement. 

Mendelssohn' t Paul. — Simplicity is the 
pervading feature of this oratorio ; it is the 
piire musical Doric, vvith never the intrusion 
of a Corinthian ornament. ■ 

B^man Bemains. — The work going on in 
front of the church of St. Thomas, at StnM- 
burg, has brought to light the remains of «s- 
tensive Roman constructions. At Dijon, •■ 
amphora has been dug .up, containing the bonei 
of sheep, and thirty Roman medals, of (ammig 
others) Claudius, Nero, Domitian, Trajan, aM 
Maximin. 

Lines written on the fiy leaf of aA eftri^ 
edition of Waller's poems : — 

A s!ic« of puddini! ouce, uman divine 
f 'Twas of pure love ; sent to his uilentine* 
Hut madam flouted, and despi^ctl the priesi, 
Rfturned tlie pudding — and the foliowinK jeat. 
*' Tak bakk the pudden tliou aspaiiin vilikar. 
It Nan lofe pudden, tise ware pluras aerthiccar.** 
Her reverend sire tlius dictated the thonght ; 
And thus the njinph in her )H!lie>s|M>niog wiote* 
The tule saiihoo — tlint. haviutf sucked her thumbi* 
Some years — and list liet teetli and taste fur pluOM* 
The hiss If ss coy, iis well as nice was gr<twn. 
Plain pudding** welcome, ami at last gtM*s down. 

Chusan. — The Chinese island, Chusaa^. 
which has been lately seized by the Britfih 
troops, is the most northern station in whicli 
tea is made. The whole island is said t» 
abound with tea-trees, even to the tops of M 
mountains ; and it may become in portant, Mk 
merely as a military position, but as an addi-, 
tional means of rendering this country inde«* 
pendent of the caprice of the Celestial Empin 
for supplies of tea. — Gardener'* s ChronieUf, 

Fates of Authors,— Only think of JohnBcm' 
and Savage rambling about the streets oC 
London at midnight, without a place to sleep.. 
in; Cowley mad, and howling like a dof^ 
through the aisles of Chichester Cathedral, al' 
the sound of church music! and Goldsmtthji. 
strutting up Fleet- street in his peach-blossos; 
coat, to knock a bookseller over tiie pate witli ; 
one of his own volumes; and then, in his po- 
yerty, about to marry his landlady in Gveoi , 
Arbour-court. 



COMPtETION OF VOL. XXXTI. 



A SUPPLEMENT 

is pttblUlu'd this day. euutaiuiug 

A LIFE AND MKMOIU 

of the intrepid 

Commotiore Napier, 2t. (JT. 18., 

with Title, ludtx, &c. to the Thirt\. sixth Vdlume. 



LOS DON: Printed and yublnhnd by J. I.IMHIRD, 
Ua, Strand, (near ^■«»//<?r.«'•^ Iluusr): and suid bt/ all 
Bttoksiftteri and A'«tr>ni<m.— /a PARIS 6.. all the Book- 
t€iier$, — In FRAKCFORT, CHARLES JUdhL. 



®t)C iHti'i'Of 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 



N0.1042.J SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, IBil. [I'BicE W. 




THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE, 



34 THE MIRROR. 

INTERIOR OF dcring the tout ensemble the most brilliant 

scene imasinable. 
THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE, The size of the theatre is somewhere be- 

OXFORD-STREET. tween the English Opera House and the Hay- 
market ; and the accommodations and fiiciU- 

The above place of amusement is erected on ties are as ample as can be required. The 

the site formerly occupied by the Queen's pit furms an extensive saloon for promenades; 

Bazaar, and which was destroyed by fire and the newand splendid orchestra was erected 

[May 28, 1829,] commencing in the Diorama expressly for these performances. The leader 

Picture Gallery, then containing, with many of the band, which consists of upwards of 

other paintings, that of '' The Destruction of sixty first-rate instrumentalists, is the emi- 

York Minster, by Fire." Shortly after this neut Mr. Willy, whose solos on the violin are 

calamity, Mr. Hamlet, the goldsmith, rebuilt too well known and appreciated, to be here 

the Bazaar, which not answering the expect- commented on. The second leaders, are 

ancies of the proprietor, was offered for sale Messrs. Dando and J. Bannister. With such 

by Messrs, Foster and Son, on the 14th of pre-eminent talent, it is impossible bat what 

March, 1836 : at length, the spirited owner, the Princess's Theatre must always be a place 

resolved to erect on its site one of the most of the greatest attraction, and command the 

beautiful theatres in the metropolis ; towards patronage of the public, 
the accomplishment of which he spared no 

expense ; many annoying difficulties met him 

at the outset; but, by dint of great perse- matittm iroTrzirT 

verance and unwearying application, they ^ , ^^ makiijn KU1ZJ1.L,. 

were surmounted. '^^ 1477, the famous patncian, Martin Kotzel, 

Mr. Hamlet, after having obtained a li- undertook a pilgrimage to Palestine, for the 

cense for these premises, declined opening express purpose of counting the number of 

any part of them, on account of the altera- footsteps between the house of Pontius Pilate 

tions and contemplated improvements not being *nd Mount Golgotha. The idea was singular, 

completed. Having applied at the Middlesex ^^ doubt, but turned to the advantage of the 

Sessions [October 1837], for a renewal of the *'**s. t^ „ . . 
license,— the theatre being previously let to I* ^^s Kotzel s intention, on his return^ to 

Mr. Warde,— it was refused ; but on the next measure an equal distance from his own hooM 

application, the license was granted. It re- *<> t^e cemetery of St. John; then, on the road 

mained, however, unemployed as a place of 8® measured out, to erect seven statues by the 

entertainment, until the autumn of last year, celebrated Adam Kraft, and at the extremity 

when it was opened, for the first time, on Wed- «• Calvary, crowned with three statues, of 

nesday, the 30th of September, under the Christ and his two executioners, 
title of ** The Princess's Theatre," with But when he got back to Nuremberg, he 

promenade concerts, on an extensive and found he had forgot the number of paces, 
magnificent scale. Another man would have given way to 

The theatre was completed from the designs despair ; but Martin Kotzel, without hesita- 

of T. M. Nelson, Esq., the architect, and tion, resumed his staff and recommenced his 

the decorations principally in the Louis Qua- journey to the Holy Land, 
torze style— than which, for richness and bold- On his next return, his memory had re- 

ness of relief, none is better adapted for the tained the number ; and he immediately set 

embellishment of theatres— were executed by about the execution of his brilliant project, 

Messrs. Crace and Sons, and the joint labours which still exists, and, with the exception of 

of these justly-admired artists have produced oJi® or two statues requiring a few repairs, 

a most splendid theatre. There are four the whole is perfect as on leaving the sculp- 

tiers of boxes, the first and third private, the tor's hand, 
second and fourth public. The decorations of — _. 

all the tiers are different. The front of the 

first is adorned with a rich gold moulding, ORIENTAL PLEASURE, 

crimson points hanging with tassels from the The grey dawn of the morning had just 

top of the boxes. The second tier is painted streaked the eastern horizon, and was rapidly 

with Arabesque ornaments, a series of nymphs deepening into the crimson glories of day, as 

terminating in those vegetative implications we stood with folded arms by the bank of the 

which are common to this style, while a gilt Euphrates, and listened to the heavy rush of 

Cupid in relief, parts every two boxes. The its waters. We sat down and began to smoke 

fronts of the third and fourth rows are painted a pipe by the bank of the river; and, ere long, 

with different scrolls, and the tops of theae enveloped in the light-blue clouds that rose 

boxes are beautifully ornamented with golden in graceful wreaths from the silver edges of 

points. The lining of the boxes is crimson our pipes, we surrendered ourselves to that 

and fancy chintz. The chandelier is superb ; negation of thought or care which creates a 

a circle of children playing musical instru- dolce far niente paradise for the mind, in 

ments is placed one over each lamp. A pro- whose dreamy realm all, save existence itself, 

usion of gold adorns the proscenium ; ren* becomes a burden. — Scenes in the Desert, 



THE MIRROR. 



SA 



CHRISTMAS. 

iFor the Mirror.} 

iflauu ia coming with mantle of roow, 
f he»A wrrathrd with the zt<*v inis*1«*toe. 
■nwticiil thnib with tvd brrnes aud brii(ht, 
d wi^eDdi deehure sprang the firtt Chriilinaa 
sigki. 

hi his trampet. the whirlwind his steed, 
9 rides ouwitrH with fearfuUesl spivd* 
o*tfr the landscape a heavy white shroud, 
t the bright water that mirrors the cluud. 

ivd with hoar-frost each herb and each 



liimeretl awhile lyyond their brief hour, 
hMrir fair lieafis, all their loveliness fled, 
leaves od their stem tlii^y lie withered and 



be this aeaaon, however so drear, 
•dftkst in taith it will ever he dear. 
MD tnm within that wdl hallow the scene, 
> the grey forest with bright evergreen. 

If farth the yule log, aud pile high the board, 
me old Christmas, onr annual loid, 
UK were a palace, with banner nnfUrled, 
da we*d send to invite all the world. 



GREECE. 



iFor the Mirrar.1 

thoa— like a dream ! 
a beauteftus i{leam 
fruttt of Time, 

jdorious aud immortal theme 
ue bounds of Earth without decline. 

hyTuice — thy lyre! 

Jm liHiirt from ire 

It tears, 

n. the beautiful, the bright, 

moulder from these lower scenes of light-* 

: an urn is thiue I 

what scents divine 

> inmost soul, 

a ftum thy manes do arise 

ice as of love that never dies, 

ights that spurn the limits of Earth's goal. 

Lboo, yet sublime 
Km upon the brow of Time, 
I waves! 

if^ new ages roll on in ftesh might, 
• nations still thou shineat miglity light ! 

F. 



a single ** nuui of th« people*' to be found. 

Malherbe, Balzao, do bead^ry, were all of 

gentle bkod. 

Then we hare the Marchioness de S^Tign^ 
and the Countess de Lafayette, the Marquis of 
Dangeauythe Duke de St. Simon, the Seigneur 
de Fenelou, the Viscount de Pamy, the Mar- 
quis de Gondorcet, the Count de Buffon, the 
Count de Segur, and Viscount Chateaubriand. 
A goodly catalogue, and showing that, in 
France, at least, the noblesse have been want- 
ing neither in talent nor learning. 



RARY LABOURS OF THE 
FRENCH NOBILITY. 

tUr surprising how many of the most 
lined French authors hare been of 
eeoent, completely refuting the gene- 
, that talent is usually of humble pa- 
• 

go back to the age of the troubadours, 
I find that all the most celebrated to- 
r the " gfLj science" were of knightly 
and so wa-s every one of the old his- 

tlie Sire de Joinville, Geoffrey de 
douin, Philippe de Commines, aud de 
uhy 

g the Huguenot leaders, we find the 
Moatlac and Lanoue distinguished in 
veil as in arms. 
48, Ronsard was a chevalier, and Da 

baron. 

I eoiBO down to the most brilliant 
' Frai&eli literainre, there is scarcely 



A NIGHT IN WARDEN-LE-DALE. 

(Canclmded fritm page SH.) 

Oh ! listen, listen, to the toll of yonder deep-toned belU 
8i Ritigely it oonuM upou tlie blast Mcr<«» the forekt dell. 
Luug yeais have passed since lust that sound was 

heaid o'er hill aud dale. 
The peasant starts from his lowly bed, his clieek is wan 

and pah}.— O.if Bailad. 

** To my extreme astonishment, nay, I may as 
well sav, awe, I perceived, on looking through 
the orifice, towards the main body of the cha- 
pel, the figure of an aged man, in a recumbent 
posture upon the altar steps, and leaning, 
wrapt in meditation, upon his right arm. He 
was habited in a long grey gown, confined by 
a broad girdle at his waist ; and a crosier- 
headed staff lay across his chest. An iron 
cresset, which contained the light, was set 
beside him. The night-wind sighed drearily 
through the ruins, the flame wavered in the 
socket, the old man*s hair was stirred upon 
his temples, and the glittering rain-drops from 
the broken chancel roof fell tinkling down- 
wards on the floor. I was breathless ¥rith 
surprise. The old man rose, he stood erect, he 
looked thoughtfully out upon the night and the 
murky sky, he cast a long aud searching glance 
into the very depths of darkness down the 
aisles, and he then paced to and fro with a 
slow, solemn tread, and I heard the sharp 
clink of metal as he struck his long, iron-shod 
staff upon the pavement. Lost in bevrildering 
conjecture, I shook myself, I evon bit my fin- 
ger, I closed mv eyes, and then re-opened 
them, to be satisfied it was all a dream — but 
no, it was no illusion, there was the tall, 
gaunt stranger in his long grey robe, and I 
heard even more distinctly than before, the 
regular * chink, chink,* upon the floor. 

** My breath grew thick vrith awe, my brain 
reeled dizzily, my heart had almost ceased its 
throb, for but a moment more, and I beheld 
from the deep gloom of the chantry, two dark, 
half naked ntG&an flgures with their right 
arms dyed red with gore, draw near the aJtar 
with slow and laboured steps, and I then heard 
the fall of some ponderous burden on the pave- 
ment. The tall pillars of the nave intervened, 
and I could not discern its form, but I saw by 
the shadow which it cast in the lamp-light, 
that it was about the bulk and lengtii of a 
D 2 



36 THE MIRROR. 

haman figure, and it lay where it had been there by the sexton's rude hand, when his last 
thrown, a lifeless, inanimate mass, and my office was completed, possibly, long years be- 
blood cnrdled in my ice-cold veins, as the old fore, lay beside the bier, and rotten cords, and 
man bent over it, and said, ' still warm.* ropes all gnawed by rats, and falling into dust, 

^ * Aye,' said one of the bloody ruffians has- completed the ghastly array. 
Uly, ' we've done the job, and a pretty rough ^ Heartsick and tottering with terror and 
night we've had.' watching, T staggered from the belfry, and 

^ ' Humph r said the hoary monster, and he drew near the chancel, but I started back on 
laughed with hideous exultation, * and now perceiving a lurcher dog stretched out upon 
we^ make all sure, for dead men tell no the stone, where the blood-stained pavement, 
tales.' and the tramp of feet, and the fresh scattered 

^ Then moving to the stone which I had pre- mould, and, yet more, a tangled lock dyed 
vionsly remarked as having been recently dis- crimson and matted to the floor with congeided 
iurbea, the old wretch stooped down, and, blood, bore awful testimony to the scene that 
aided by his companions, raised up the pon- night had vntnessed. The dog looked wist- 
derouB slab, and disclosed a yawning grave, fuUy upon me, and fawning, crouched at my 
into which, all crowding eagerly together, feet. ' Poor wretch,' thought I, * thou, thou 
they cast some object, of which I. saw enough alone of all the victim's friends or followers, 
to satisfy me that it was white and bloody, continuest faithful to the end. Hadst thoa 
and, appalled by such a scene, at such an but speech, how dread might be thy disclo- 
honr, m such a place, I leant for support sures of this night's infernal deeds.' The 
against the mildewed wall. dog, as if divining my thoughts, moaned pite- 

^ At that instant, a toll, deep, solemn, sud- ously, and laid him down as before, and I 
den, sounded from the turret overhead — ^the rushed from the dreary spot, and hurried 
light vanished in an instant, the stone fell back through the burial ground, where the dead 
into its place with a dull grating harshness, white grass was bent and reddened with a 
the door screamed hideously upon its hinges, crimson stain. 

and then all was lone, dark, silent as before. ^ What should T do? should I, a toil-worn, 
My teeth were fast set in horror, my hair wan, and lonely stranger, depose before a ma- 
seemed literally to bristle upon my head, I gistrate as to all I had unwittingly beheld 
dared scarcely to draw my breath, and, not within the chapell who woold credit my asser- 
tiiinking it safe to stir from my position, I tion that / had not participated in the guilt of 
resolved to abide there the dawn of day. blood ? — who would be convinced that / was 

^ Judge of my dismay, and, T will confess, not a conscience-stricken accomplice of that 
superstitious horror, when I distinctly heard a inhuman gang?" 

cdgh and a stifled sob I and the next moment Mr. Keymer paused, and covered his face 
a quick, soft, unshod footstep passed swiftly by, with his hands, while his frame shook oonvul- 
and was lost along the aisles, from which arose sively. 

a low, deep, melancholy wailing, like the la- ^' Oh ! uncle," exclaimed Fanny in an agony 
ment of a disembodied spirit, and then all died of suspense, " what did you do in such anaw- 
away into a stillness that might almost be f ul dilemma V* 

felt. The wind rose tempestuously, the low '* Why," continued the old gentleman, " I 
mutter of distant thunder was audible, and I did the best I could. I hastened from the 
heard the broad plash of rain-drops on the spot, made the best of my way by daylight to 

Kivement of the chancel, and, as if to complete the nearest town, and got upon the first coach 
e subversion of my appalled and shattered for Loudon to consult my friends. After some 
senses, I distinguished an articulate sound, consideration, I determined, without compro- 
faint, drear, and hollow, amid the meanings mising myself, to relieve my mind of the 
of the blast, and which reiteratedly said, weight which this awful secret imposed upon 
* SBABCH I' it, and yet to put matters in such a train as 

** Confused, appalled, and trembling, I sunk should lead to the discovery of the mnrder, 
fiunting on the tressel. and the condign punishment of the offenders. 

^ When I came to myself, the first dun light ^ I therefore wrote anonymously to a ma- 
of morning was breakmg through the chancel, gistrate of the county, and without entering 
and its grey wan tint invested every object into any particulars, conjured him to institute 
with a dreary shadowiness of outline that a rind search through the ruins of the chapel 
rendered it every way more ghastly. I cast a in Warden-le-dale, indicating the particular 
hurried glance around my spectral lodging, stone to be examined, and adding that if ne- 
An ancient bier, worm eaten, mouldering and cessary for the furtherance of justice, the wri- 
all dropping to decay, was rested in the cor- ter was prepared to substantiate his iiUforma- 
ner facing me, and its gaunt bare ribs, and tion before a court of law " 
long outstretched arms, starting from the fii- *^ Well, uncle ! and what then 1" said his 
neral drapery of the mildewed pall, which nieces eagerly. 

hung piecemeal, moth-fretted and festering The old man smiled — '' Do you really wish, 
with the livid moss and lichens, which were my dears, to have the denouement of the tra- 
slowly creeping oyer it, looked like a hideous gedy, or would you rather dream of it to- 
fieshlsBs skeleton. A pile of rusty tools flung night in all its pristine horrors !" 



THE MIRROR. 37 

« The iequel, by aU means," laid Fanny, GILLRAY, THE CARICATURIST. 

inswering for both. ^ . ., ,^ iFrom Fraser'i MagaxiMe, Hi o.e%xxnl), 

^ Then unlock my escntoire, and m the left- ^ « 

hand pigeon-hole yon will find an old news- About sixty years ago, at the corner of St. 

paper — there Ioto, read that paragraph, for Alban's Street, Pall Mall, resided a print- 

my eyes are dim," and Fanny read aloud: — ^ seller of the name of Holland. In the service 

^ In consequence of some private communi- of this Holland lived a most extraordinary 

cfttion recently received, Mr. , justice of genius, designated the Prince of Caricatura, 

the peace for was induced to issue orders James Gillray, who made drawings of a very 

for a judicial examination of the burial ground disreputable class of design whilst a youth, 
ind -vaults within the ruined chapel of War- and drew the naked figure with singular cha- 
den-le-dale, which, in ancient times, was the racter and spirit. 

proud cemetery and place of worship to a fk- At length unsettled, he was apprenticed to 
Biily long' since extinct, and which has now a writine engraver, and acquired the use of 
fidlen into disuse and decay, and has become the gravmg-tool under the celebrated Ashby, 
the resort of desperate and abandoned charac- who then resided at the bottom of Holbom 
ters. The result of the investigation was the Hill. Many a choice specimen of penman- 
discovery of a svstematic plan of sheep steal- ship was copied by young Gillray, in sweep- 
ing, which had been securely carried on under ing fiourishes on the copper, from the incom- 
fkvor of the night, and of the unfirequented parable pen of Thomas Tomkins, of Sermon 
spot, and which, if we may judge by the num- Lane. Whilst occupied in this drudgery, the 
ber of ekina found under a monumental stone, incipient original designer was discoverable 
had been of considerable extent. We regret in certain humorous scraps which he sketched 
to add that the villains have hitherto defied on the copper borders, of the examples of 
detection." round hand and text. 

<< Well," said Fanny, laying down the paper. He next entered the studio of the cele- 

** I am extremely disappointed ;^ but though brated Bartolozzi, and here he occasionally 

all the murderous part of your night's adven- struck out the rudiments of that daring spe- 

tnres is fairly explained away, how do you cies of dramatic design, that extraordinary 

account for the sudden tolling of the bell, the graphic hyperbole, which almost met, in its 

nj^ and footsteps, the dismal wailing, and the highest flights, the outposts of the creations of 

command to * search V " Michael Angelo. His etching of the perso- 

Mr. Keymer laughed. ** The sudden toll, nification of Milton's " Sin," was a wonder- 

I have no doubt, was occasioned by the fall of fully wicked work of art, and exhibited at the 

a large fragment of plaster or mason-work, same time the genius and depravity of the 

loosened by the heavy rain, and which had young artist. 

Btmck in the very nick of time upon the bell. It was not likely Ihat such an original 
For the ghostly accompaniments which sue- would be content to sit, year after year, over 
ceeded, I was indebted to the fellows' dog, a sheet of copper, perpetuating the renown of 
idddi thus innocently increased my terror by others, whilst possessed of a restless and ar- 
his ineff'ectual search after his masters, and dent mind, intent on exploring unknown re- 
whidi, losing the scent in the stronger odour gions of taste, he could open a way through 
of the fredi-spilled blood, had expressed his the intricacies of art, and by a short but ec- 
disappointment in the way which I described; centric cut, reach the Temple of Fame. He 
and as to the sepulchral whisper in the belfry, set to work, and succeeded, to the astonish- 
1 can easily, in cool blood, and with all my ment of the goddess, who, one day, beheld this 
Reuses about me, perfectly comprehend, that new votary unceremoniously resting upon the 
the accidental grating of a branch of yew or steps of her altar. 

ib>-tree against the turret wall, was dignified, Gillray was one of those unaffected wights, 
by my disturbed imagination, with a degree of who accomplished what he undertook without 
inportanoe and of articulateness which I can scientific parade, and even without the ap- 
wdl afford to laugh at now, though I do assure pearance of rule or preconcerted plan. His 
you that for many months after the sudden best designs were off-hand compositions ; and 
termination of my pedestrian tour, I used often although he knew that these effusions of his 
to start up in terror from my sleep, under the graphic skill were superior to those of his 
impression that I was again keeping my noc- compeers, he was so little vnrapped in his 
tonal vigil in the spectral chapel of Warden- own conceit, that he supposed another might 
le-dale.'^ Rouge Croix. do as well as himself, if he tried. 

The early political caricatures of his pro- 
■ ' lifio hand were generally directed against the 

government party. These he was hired to 
Burke* t Melodramatic Hit. — Burke's was sketch, and usually at a small price, accord- 
a complete failure, where he flung the dagger ing to the will of his employers. He used to 
on the floor of the house, and produced nothing smoke his pipe with his early employers, and 
but a smothered laugh, and a joke from She- exert his faculties more to win a bowl of 
lidas'— ^ The gentleman has brought us the punch than to gain ten pounds. For years he 
huf^^bnt wheSe is the fork!" occasionally smoked his pipe at the Bcll^ iha 



as THE MIRROR. 

Coal Hole, or the Coaoh and Hones; and HINDOO MYTHOLOGY. * 

although the convivet whom he met at such ^ 

dingy rendezvous knew that he was Gillray "^^^ pibst avatar. 

who fabricated those comical cuts, yet he ^"^ *"© close of the last calpa, there was a 

never sought to act the coxcomb, or become general destruction, occasioned by the sleep 

king of the company. In truth, with his of Brahma; his creatures, of diflferent worlds, 

neighbouring shopkeepers and master-manu- being drowned in a vast ocean. The strong de- 

faoturers, he passed for no greater wit than '"Jon, Hayagriva, came near him^ and stole the 

his associates. Rowlandson, his ingenious V edas, which had flowed from his lips. When 

compeer, another able caricaturist, and he, Vishnu, the preserver of the universe discovered 

sometimes met. They would, perhaps, ex- *^8 deed, he took the shape of minute fish, 

change half-a-dozen questions and answers called Sa.pTiari. At this period, there reigned 

npon the affitirs of etching, copper, and nitric * ^o^y king, named Satyavrata, who, as he 

acid, swear that the world was one vast mas- J^ on® <J»y making a libation in tiie river 

querade, and then enter into the common Critamala, was addressed by the little fish, 

chat of the room, light their cigars, drink which said to him, " How canst then leaie 

their punch ; and sometimes early, sometimes *ne in this river water, when I am too weik 

* late, shake hands at the door, look up at the *o resist the monsters of the stream, which 

stars, say "it's a fair, or foul niffht," and ^ n^o ^th dread!" Satyavrata took it 

depart, one for the Adelphi, the other to St. nnder his protection, and placed it in a small 

James^ Street, each to his bachelor's bed. ^^^ ^^ of water ; but, in a single night, its 

The facility with which he composed his ^nlk was so increased, that it could not be 

Bubjects, and the rapidity with which he contained in the jar, and thus again addressed 

etched them, astonished those who were eye- *^? prince ; " I am not pleased with living in 

witnesses ot his powers. This faculty was ^^^^ little vase; make me a large mansion, 

early developed ; he seemed to perform all his where I may dwell in comfort." The king 

graphic operations without an effort. Many successively placed it in a cistern, in a pool, 

years ago he had an apartment in a court in *nd in a lake, for each of which, it speedily 

Holbom. A commercial agent for a print- grew too large, and supplicated for a more 

seller had received a commission to get a sati- spacious place of abode. The king, aflter thisi 

rical design etched by Gillray, but he had re- having thrown it into the sea, the fish again 

peatedly called in his absence. He lived at addressing him, said, " Here the honied 

the west end of the metropolis, and on his way sharks, and other monsters of great strength, 

to the city waited on him again, when he hap- .will devour me ; thou shouldst not, O valuint 

pened to be at home. man, leave me in this ocean." Thus having 

'* You have lost a good job and an nseful been repeatedly deluded by the fish, which 

patron, Gillray,' said he ; " but you are bad addressed him with gentle words, the 

always out." king exclaimed, " Who art thou that be- 

"Howl — What — ^what is your object!" gnilest me in that assumed shape! Never 

■aid the artist. Before have I seen or heard of so prodigioos 

" I want this subject drawn and etched," &n inhabitant of the waters, who, like thee, 

■aid the agent ; " but now it is too late." has filled up, in a single day, a lake a hnn- 

" When is it wanted !" dred leagues in circumference. Surely thon 

" Why, to-morrow." art the great God whose dwelling was on the 

'^ It shall be done." waves. Salutation and praise to thee, O first 

" Impossible, Gillray 1" male, the lord of creation, of preservation, of 

^ Where are you going!*' destruction! Thou art the highest object, 

" Onward to the Bank." O supreme ruler, of us, thy aidorers, who 

'* When do you return!" piously seek thee. All thy delusive descents 

" At four o'clock." It was now eleven. in this world, give existence to various beings; 

*' I'll hot you a bowl of punch it shall be yet, I am anxious to know for what cause 

completed, etched, and bitten in, and a proof that shape has been assumed by thee." The 

before that time." lord of the universe, loving the pious man, 

" Done !" and intending to preserve him from the sea of 

The plate was finished ; it contained many destruction, caused by the depravity of the 

figures ; the parties were mutually delighted ; age, informed him how he was to act. " In 

and the affkir ended with a tipsy bout at the seven days from the present time,'* said Vishnu, 

Gray's Inn Tavern, at the employer's ex- '' the three worlds will be plunged in an ocean 

pense. of death ; but in the midst of the destroying 

Gillray was a surprising man. It was waves, a large vessel, sent by me for thy use, 

scarcely to be credited that one of his slouch- shall stand before thee. Then shalt thou take 

ing gait and careless habits, was gifted with all medicinal herbs, all the variety of seeds, 

Buch a capacity for creation and power of and, accompanied by seven saints, encircled 

execution, with such apparent energy of by pairs of all brute animals, thou shalt enter 

thought, and deep reading in the living book the spacious ark, and continue in it secure 

of human action. • *« a- • -: *i • lui *! 

• An AvaUr la tlw visible appearance or incaioetioa 

•^""■•"^^ of Vbhnu. 



TIIK MIRROR. M 

from the flood on one immense ocean, without Stewart, and he thus expresses himself in one 
li^ht, except the radiance of thy companions, of his letters: — *^ She has as much knowledge. 
When the ship shall be agitated by an im- understanding, and wit, as would set up itaee 
petuons wind, thou ^alt fasten it with a large foreign ladies as first-rate talkers, in their 
sea-serpent on my horn ; for I will be near respective drawing-rooms, but she is almost as 
thee, drawing the Tcssel with thee and thy desirous to conceal as they are to display their 
attendants. The pious king, being thus in- talents." No wonder, therefore, that her sa- 
structed, waited humbly for the appointed loong were the resort of all that was the best 
time ; when the sea oyerwhelmed its shores, of Edinburgh, the house to which strangers 
and being, at the same time, augmented by most eagerly sought introduction. In her, 
showers from immense clouds, deluged the Lord Dudley found indeed a friend. She was 
whole earth. He having, according to the to him in the place of a mother. His respect 

divine command, entered the ship, the god for her was unbounded, and continued to the 

appeared again distinctly on the vast ocean olose ; often have we seen him, when she was 

in the form of a fish, blazing like gold, extend- stricken in years, seated near her for whole 

ing a million of leagues, with one stupendous evenings, clasping her hand in both of his. 
horn ; on which the king, as he had before Into her faithful ear, he poured his hopes and 

been commanded, tied the ship with a cable fears, and unbosomed his inner soul ; vrith her 

made of a vast serpent. When the deluge was ho maintained a constant correspondence to 

abated, Vishnu slew the demon Hayagriva. the last. 

W. G. C. This series of letters to Mrs. Dugald Stew- 
art, we feel must have been the most superior 

of his correspondence, but they are said to be 

MRS. DUGALD STEWART. °^ ™<^ro- She burnt the whole, we are told, 

when dying herself. She would not trust the 
Mrs. Stewart, equal to her husband in intol- holocaust to accident, neither would she de- 
lect, was his superior in blood. She was the prive herself of a sad pleasure in reading over 
sister of the Countess Purgstall and of Lord the expressions of a whole existence devoted 
Corehouse, the friend of Walter Scott, who to her, until she felt distinctly that the last 
has embalmed the nameof Cranstoun in his days of her own drew near, 
immortal " Lay.*' Though the least beautiful In the rest of his letters, it is impossible not 
of a family in which beauty is hereditary, she to see that the writer was mistrustful of him- 
had the best essence of beauty, expression, a self. Nervously sensitive in vrriting to others, 
brighteye beaming with intelligence, a manner he trembled often at their high ^ucationai 
the most distinguished, yet soft, feminine, and position, critical acuteness, and logical percep- 
iingularly winning. On her ill-favoured pro- tion. He felt that he was writing to his lite- 
ffessorshe doted with a love-match devotion;* to rary superiors, the very eminence of whom 
ids studies and midnight lucubrations she sa- weighed down the pupil — artes infra seposi' 
erifiosd her health and rest ; she was his ama- tas — he was never quite at his ease. This is 
nuensis and corrector. But she was free from not the case in his letters, such as remain, to 
theslightest tinge of pedantry; the world, for Mrs. Stewart. The false pride which con- 
auything she displayed, knew nothing of her ceals weaknesses is disarmed by the certainty 
deep acquisitions, so gracefully did her long- of a woman's sympathy. The instinctive dread 
draped robes conceal even the suspicion that of incurring the ridicule of affectation or sen- 
au^t lurked beneath of azure hue. timentality often drives men into contrary ex- 
No one felt this more than the late Lord tremes, and hides, under the garb of rudeness, 
Dudley, who never forgot the instruction and irony, or persiflage, those gentler emotions, 
society which he enjoyed under the roof of that real earnestness, that seriousness which 
Dugald Stewart. During this time, he was are unbosomed to a woman, who hails, vnth 
singularly fortunate in his co-pupils, all dis- approving smiles, their existence and expres- 
tingnished men of their high order — Lords sion. Again, a woman's love for detail, her 
Lansdowne, Palmerston, Kinnaird, and the patience in listening, encourages the fhllest 
late Lord As|iburton. He maintained a good unburdening of the pent-up soul. She is ri- 
feUowship with them all in after life, while, vetted with breathless curiosityin the exposure 
with the two former, it was his lot to sit at of the secret springs, the, to her, mysterious 
the same council-board, as minister of state, processes, by which the stronger sex is infln- 
But neither to Professor Stewart, nor to the enced. All these exhibitions are anticipated 
younger associates of his own sex, did he owe and discounted by men ere detailed, and, if 
the chief pleasures or the chief advantages of continued, are listened to with coldness and 
his residence in the North; it was to Mrs. ennui. But women submit readily to be bored 

^ ^, , . ^, „. by clever men, and, since the days of Omphale, 

C«n2S;o"".?^Kd"w" ttl" *^;;":;.,icr!:iS ^:^. «« yoU V^^^.^ ^ *« lo^ds of the creation 

drataiiy •I'town by her cousiu, LvmxI Lothian to Mr. prostrate or spinning (even long parnt) at 

Siisvar^ tlieu iiU private tutor, and unknown to fame, their feet ; and men fly, in moments of sorrow, 

Thepj.Uosopher was so futapturt-d witb the perusal, ^^ tj^jy soothing ministry ! they rely on the 

S?ir«71^.'^vl'r"cSr«?:'ror.^iri:.'r'uriJ tenderne« of touch, the deUcacy ^th wWch 

Sr.5todoelta-»»"»«'»o'«>' ** •'*'" ^'^ ^ poured into the feetenng 



40 THE MIHROR. 

wound. They trust to woman's taot, to her face, declared the father slept to wake ii9 

felicity in saying the little word at the right more ! The soryiving brethren were standing 

time. The man is off his guard, and betrays around the bier, and chanting the litanies of 

the secrot of his strength or weakness ; no the dead in low wailing tones of simple but 

glance of the eye, no curl of the lip, no remark touching sweetness. And from many an aged 

shot unawares from the secret quiver of his eye I saw the tear of sorrow fall, 

heart, escapes a woman, which, in the gene- The departed monk was evidently mourned, 

raliiing, careless commerce of man with man, — indeed, it was impossible for a stranger to 

would be overlooked ; hence, we suspect, the look on that still, placid countenance hD' 

superior insight into character which such a moved, — a sweet smile played around those 

wojian as Mrs. Dugald Stewart must neces- lips which were now for ever closed ; and a 

sarily have obtained — and hence the secret of more beautiful corpse could not be seen than 

her paramount influence over those who ap- that of the humble friar on his lowly bier ; — 

preached her, and particularly over a man no gaudy trappings were there, no sable 

constituted as was her young friend. — Quar- plumes were there displayed, a few sweet 

terlp Review, No. cxxxiii. flowers alone formed the Franciscan's paD. 

1 lingered long by the still side of death. I 

await3d the end of the reqniem, and after the 

mTTTi TiT» A %rnTCfr^ a xt wtit a t»o -orv^iti? mouks had all retumcd to the interior of their 

THE FRANCISCAN FRIARS, ROME. monastery, I stiU remained alone with the 

During my sojourn in Rome, my time was departed, and left him at last with but linger- 
pretty equally divided among the beautiful ing steps. A more placid or sweeter sight 
churches of the modem city, and the crum- dwells not in my remembrance, 
bling remains of ancient grandeur. Lauiu. C, R — s. 

One morning, taking my usual stroll, I en« _^»_ 
tered the church attached to the convent of 

the Franciscan Friars. I always felt a pen- RETIRING FROM BUSINESS. 
chant for this establishment, which arose, 

doubtless, from seeing its gates surrounded by t^^'"<'« '** Charhan, at given m The r.m^t.] 
crowds of half- famished poor, who flocked It is the nature of man to be doing ; whatever 
thither to receive the accustomed hospitality may be his age and his position, he must have 
of the benevolent monks, — for it is the usage an occupation of some sort, whether physical 
of the Franciscan Friars in Rome, to distri- or intellectual ; I do not believe in the posffl* 
bute soup daily at noon to all who go to de- bility of absolute idleness, not even in the de- 
mand it ; and it is a pleasing sight to behold pendents on the charity of the litte-eivile, 
the hundreds of poor creatures who leseive I have not chosen this theme in order to 
their daily meal, perhaps, in many cases discuss it at length : heaven preserve me from 
forming their whole support, at the low-arched it, and you also, reader! That which yoa 
gateway of the monastery. may have mistaken for the grave introduction 

I had frequently attended the morning ser- to a learned dissertation, was nothing more 

vice in the Franciscan church ; there was than a reflection into which I was led while 

something peculiarly attractive to me in the contemplating from my window an excellent 

low chanting of the Friars, and it was a beau- and worthy neighbour of mine, M. Fromageot. 

tiful sight to see the brethren in their brown This respectable pater familias, of whom 

frock?, and with sandalled feet, winding along I will not say that age had whitened his 

the majestic aisles of their venerable church, venerable locks, seeing that for the last ten 

I liked the Franciscan fathers, their manner years his head had cast off* that ornament as 

was so meek and unassuming, and yet so kind a superfluity which hairdressers and bear's 

and courteous, that I could not but admire grease had rendered too expensive, not long 

their order and all that concerned them. since exercised the profession of haberdasher. 

On the morning in question I entered the in the Rue St. Denis, the favoured quarter of 

church, as I had done many times before ; but this useful class. His ledgers were well filled, 

I had never witnessed the heart -touching cere- and kept with scrupulous exactitude ; but he 

mony which was performed that day. had a clerk to whom these delicate fiinctions 

I perceived, as soon as I had passed the were exclusively consigned. From mom to 
beautiful porch, that something was enacting dewy eve his shop was crowded with pur- 
there different from the usual service, and on chasers ; but here, again, he kept apprentices, 
entering the church, I saw one of the monks whose duty it was to unfold, exhibit, and re- 
laid as if in sleep upon a sort of couch in the fold his wares. M. Fromageot had reserved 
centre of the aisle. He wore the same garb for himself no special task ^t that, as he ez- 
as the rest of the brethren ; but his hands pressed himself, of keeping an eye on every 
were crossed upon his breast, and in his right thing, meaning that he spent the whole day in 
beheld a crucifix. Flowers were strewed over circulating, with his hands in his breeches- 
him, and his countenance was expressive of pockets, from the shop to the counter, firom 
the sweetest repose. Was he then sleeping the counter to the shop, stimulating with a 
there 1 yes, for the friar's penitential life had word or a look the activity of his men, who, 
ended, and the ashy whiteness of that mild notwithstanding, perfonned their duties nei- 



THE MIRROR 41 

iher better nor wortM. Neverthelen, Madame ders all gardening operations impractieable, 

Fromageoty a lady who, from time to time, and condemns M. Froaiageot to keep within 

does me the honoar to exchange remarks on doors, the poor man really looks like a per- 

(he state of the temperature, or the demand turbed spirit ; he wanders fretfully from one 

for night-caps, does not remember a single in- room to another, descends into the cdUtf . 

Bt&nce, during the last twenty years, of her goes up into the garret, quarrels with hii 



husband going to bed without exclaiming, wife, scolds his servant, until he is struck, — 
a weury life I When shall I be able with lightning, with the brilliant idea of split- 
to retire from business and repose myself 1" ting wood, or making a new ndlimr for hit 



" What a weary 



Bat tills is the accustomed exclamation of all rabbit-hutch, 

who labour to gain a living or save a compe- For such repose has M. Fromageot amassed 

toncy ; and I have further observed, that the ftunc on ftuno for the last twenty years, until 

moment this retirement has arrived, they all he has realized a capital of 200,000f., and ha 

look on the repose so long the object of their reckons on enjoying this sweet repose for the 

wishes in about the same light as M. Fro- next thirty years, unless it procure him some 

iBigwi. inflammation of the chest to carry him off 

Would you know how my neighbour enjoys prematurely. 




reposing 

what I have witnessed from the first day of history of many of his fellow-men. 

the year to the last. 

At four in the morning in summer, at seven 

m winter, M. Froniageot throws hunself from THE LOVE OF HUMBLE LIFE. 

a bed of thrice-driven down; he puts on a . „»,,»,» .^*t,,.««» «« ..^.^ 

LI ^ » J. •'^^i^ A BALLAD. FOUNDED ON FACXt* 

bloase, steps into an enormous pair of «a6o/«y ro ^ .7. ^ '*^*»» 

defends his head with a nightcap striped blue ^^"^ ^ Mirror.^ 

aad white, heaps upon his shoulder a spade, bt w. t. MowcBivrr. 

a pickaxe, a nJ^e, a pitchfork, and a dibber, To the land of \%\» •\m. our ma girt {■!«, 

takes up a large basket, wherein are metho- The voang East Indian eam«. 

dicaUy arranged hU cabbage, salad, and And Meudi and kin wiUi welcome fmiU, 

«uw«uj tmMMtm»Mf^^ u» «/i«vv>i|^«, D«M>^, «u« Proclalm'd how prited hto name 1 

Strawberry plants, and away he trudges to ah thronicd aroaod to greet and aid. 

his garden. There he sticks for twelve or Each wish to realise. 

fifteen hours, his spine continually bent, mak- Whiiii at hU call a menUl maid 

ing holes in the ground, tracing furrows. Waited, with downca.t eye. I 

planting endive and lettuce, weeding beans, From tceue to scene they hurried him, 

digging potatoes, with all the ardour of the -..J",^"'S *» Pl«''»«'^*''« l^y;^' . _ .. ., 

®®r.* *v . ' , , J m, . , . Till hw limbs grew weak, his eyes wan d dim, 

most inveterate market-gardener. Think not ^nj in sickness snd he bow'd I 

that he ajlows himself the least cessation to Thvy anxious caird the Leech's aid, 

his labours. Yesterday he was picking cater- But «>>si»t »nd day there w^tchd, 

pilUr, from hi. plum-t«es ; tonUy he i. re- An™ jjj W. couch . W »,nW .^id, 
newing a border of thyme, which is not more 

than 600 feet in length ; to-morrow he wiU ^'S"'*? *° ^^^itli. tl-ne. circling by, 

have to drive 2,000 naUs to trail his vine. prTJSirde" rrewe^. IrSli^tl'd a sigh, 

and peach-trees. Though the wind blow with Tliat humble girl said nought. 

all its fury, though the rain pour down in tor- He press'd her hiind, he touch'd her dieek, 

rents, thouA the sun dart his vertical rays ^^^'J f^'^: "• '^ """*»^'i":, . . ,, 

*ouw, «u«^>e" * u* u J -j.'ip He went— she gave one piercing ihnek, 

on Mm, though the hairs of his beard stiflTen Ai.d Madness told 8lie locedt 
with the sleet of January, he is stanch to his 

post, stanch as a brave soldier on the field of The circumstances of this Ballad are, alas I 
glory; a visit from his dearest friend could no fiction. About the year 1780, a young 
not induoe Mm to forego one stroke of his East Indian, whose name was Dupree, sought 
spade ; and if, peradventure, the temptation his '' Father-Land'* to visit a distant rela- 
of satisfying his vanity should lead him for a tion, a merchant then residing on Fish Street 
few moments from his work, in order to die- Hill. During the young man's stay, he was 
play with pride his gigantic pumpkin to an waited on by the servant of the House, a conn- 
admiring amateur, or to recount the history try girl, Rebecca Griffiths, chiefly remark- 
of some marvellous graft, he would take care, able for the plainness of her person, and the 
on gdng to bed, to advance his alamm one quiet meekness of her manners. The circuit 
honr, that he might, as he would say, recover of pleasure run, and yawning again for 
hMt time. He often forgets his breakfast home, the visitor, at length, prepared for his 
how and* the same thing would happen with departure : the chaise came to the door, 
his dumer were it not that his wife, after and shaking of hands, with tenderer Mklnta- 
haTisg in vain called him two or three times, tions, adieus, and farewells, followed in the 
teats him almost by force firom his well- usual abundance. Rebecca, in whom an ez- 
WoTsd nlantaii^Hifl. traordinary depression had, for some days 
Whm^ fjolen* s^fOirm, or a hard frost, mn- previously been perceived, was in attendance^ 



42 THE MIRROR 

to help to pack the luggage. The leave-tak- felt desperate — yet he consider^ the word 

iiig of friends and relations at length com- over and over again. He divided it into sin- 

pleted, with a guinea squeezed into his hum- gle letters, and disposed them in various 

ble attendant's hand, and a brief '' God bless ways. At length, to his great joy, he suc- 

you, Rebecca !" the young man sprung into ceeded in forming with the seven letters the 

the chaise, the driver smacked his whip, and word persist. He was no longer in despair ; 

the vehicle was rolling rapidly out of sight, he persisted in his suit, all difficulties were 

when a piercing shridc from Rebecca, who finally overcome, and he was happily married 

had stood to all appearance vacantly gazing to the object of his love. G. W. N. 

on what had passed, alarmed the family, then 

retiring into the house. They ha-stily turned 

round : to their infinite surprise Rebecca was y -cn-Kr a xt-nn -n a vTxrr^x 
seen wildly following the chaise. She was LU^OiNAKDO DA VlJNCl. 
rushing with the velocity of lightning along This most extraordinary man deserves a Life 
the middle of the road, her hair streaming in to be writ of him in letters of burning gold, 
^e wind, and her whole appearance that of a Leonardo's mind was, perhaps, one of the di- 
desperate maniac ! Proper persons were im- vinest that universal intelligence ever detached 
mediately dispatched after her, but she was from itself. Vastitude and variety were its 
not secured till she had gained the Borough ; characteristics. Michael Angelo was a spirit 
when she was taken up in a state of incurable also of lofty and comprehensive views. His 
madness. The mother of the author of this mind could embrace not only the three praeti- 
Ballad went to see her in Bedlam, a short cal arts in their perfection, but the contempla- 
time before she died there. The guinea he tive one, poetry. His mind was possessed of 
had given her — her richest treasure — her only that mental supremacy which had to descend 
wealth — she never suffered, in her remainder from " the upper region," to the line of its 
life, to quit her hand -: she grasped it still particular pursuit. Angelo's mind was above 
more firmly in her dying moments, and, at his works in all four ; his genius evidently 
her request, in the last gleam of returning descended to the dome of St. Peter's, the mo- 
reason — the lightning before death — it was nument of Julius, to the Sistine, and to his 
buried with her. There was a tradition in sonnets ; its proper sphere was the Dantean, 
Bedlam that, through the heartless cupidity from which only the reverential rage for art at 
of her keeper, it was sacrilegiously vn*enched his epoch drew him down. Comparing Leo- 
from her, and that her ghost might be seen, nardo with this antagonist and contemporary, 
every night, gliding through the dreary cells we might say that Buonarotti soared to 
of that melancholy building, in search of her greater altitudes, while Leonardo took more 
lover's gift, and mournfully asking the glar- spacious wing. Michael was an eagle, perpe- 
ing maniacs for her lost guinea. tually hovering over his own solitudes, how- 
It was Mr. Dupree's only consolation, after ever near he approached the sun ; Leonardo 
her death, that the excessive homeliness of might be likened to that fabulous bird, whose 
her person, and her retiring air and manners, restless eyrie is the whole circumambient sky. 
had never even suffered him to indulge in the ^ But confining ourselves here to his profes- 
most trifling freedom with her. She had loved sional merits, this great artist may be called 
hopelessly and in secret, and paid its forfeiture the foundation and fountain-head of all excel- 
with sense and life. lence in modem painting — the Cimabue of its 

^__^_____^ perfection. With him originated the new 

Florentine school of design, whence all power 

T nrrT?t<i v a n a i>tt?c ^^ ***® *'** spread through Italy; Michael An- 

L,UVI!.& VAlxAKlJiib. ggio himself was Leonardo's creature. Nor 

A CERTAIN young lady formed an attachment ^^ tbe substance of the former's inward man 

with a young man, who was passionately fond exist in that of the latter, merely as the sta- 

of her. Marriage was secretly agreed upon *^® ^ the stone, but obtained its life, and mov- 

between the loving pair. But their inter- ^^ principle, and energic faculties there, as 

course vras soon discovered by the lady's ^be son &om the loins of the parent. It was 

father, who, greatly incensed, locked the fair weU-knownthat Michael's chief strength lay in 

offender in her own chamber, with the view design; this was the very pith of his execu- 

of cutting off all communication between her ^^^^ power; and this it was that enabled his 

and the amorous youth. The poor girl be- two-handed chisel to scalp out such prodigies 

came distracted, while her lover was in des- ^^ marhle, his gigantic pencil to paint, like an 

pair. But who can turn aside the course of ecliptic shadow, such dark and portentous 

true affection 1 The imprisoned maiden found Phenomena on the Sistine walls. Certainly, 

means to have a small slip of paper conveyed ^'^^ his old schoolmaster,{old Ghirlandajo, he 

to her adorer; upon it wus written the single derived those severe rudiments of drawing, 

word ** Stripes." The gentleman was at first which are yet a lesson (if it could be learned) 

greatly bewildered. In a litwal sense, the in the mighty portraitures of the choir at St. 

hideous monosyllable led him to imagine that Maria Novella ; but still his wrestle veith art 

Ms beloved mistress was suffering torture was a labour of the Hercules in swaddles, 

from the hands of her tyrannical parent. He Fvom Leonardo, his tacit instructor, he acqui- 



THE MIRROR. 



4S 



red those new secrets, which were the seed of 
his ultimate strength, the main-spring of his 
fiitnre mightiness. Nature gave him his 
** terrible hand," but Leonardo taught him to 
use it. 

There are some, however, who do not relish 
the style of either master — panado-fed people, 
who should neyer go to a gallery without fans 
and fainting-salts. Some of these have eyes 
so childish as always to fear a painted dagger; 
some delicate creatures, who, as if they had 
been reared in a mnff, like lapdogs, turn tail 
at the Last Judgment of Michael Angelo, as 
they would at the real one: and make a pusil- 
lanimous how'wow at the Medusa, as if it were 
a Golgotha fresh turned up. Why yes! we 
have heard the prophets and sibyls called ^hor- 
rid," by those with whom the $ine quA non 
di a first-rate painter is, that he should hare 
no bone in his mind, or that, at least, it should 
be niUTOwless. The sublime, to please them, 
mus^ have a certain Carlo-dolcezza about it — 
blood must be painted oovieur de rose, an- 
guish in locks disheyelled by the hair-dresser, 
and death itself only given a pathetic mother- 
of-pearl ghastUness. This cowardice of taste 
this effeminacy — is too distinctive of our na- 
tion in the fine arts. 

Da Vinci as an artist is supreme. Many 
of his brethren equal or exceed him in pathos, 
or some one line of expression, but none in 
painting the soul upon the face under its va- 
rious modifications. We do not recollect the 
portrait of RalEaelle's which exhibits such a 
play of life and thought and mind upon the 
features, as that of Monna Lisa. We look in 
rain through the whole Vatican for such an 
assemblage of heads as those of the Cena, all 
so pregnant with character, all diversified with 
individuality, yet eleven of them animated 
with the same sentiment. Kaffaelle's older 
heads cannot compare vdth these in point of 
mental development, so deep, true, varied, and 
refined ; in his younger, we have the still-re- 
eurring amiable smile, the sweet open brow, 
grace, grace, grace everlasting; but in none 
80 much of the mind's construction displayed, 
as in the '' bel sorriso" of Da Vinci. Same- 
ness may, perhaps, be predicated of both, but 
Rafiaelle's is the sameness of outward beauty, 
Leonardo's of inward. This delineation of 
mental portraits is what may be called the 
metaphysic of painting, and Leonardo derived 
it from his profound knowledge of the human 
iMart. Solemn dunces have denounced his 
loTo of caricature as derogatory to genius; 
wherefore ! Because they could not see that 
sketches of this kind were, with him, stereo- 
types of transient feelings, caught at the mo- 
ment, to preserve them for use, and caught in 
their most exaggerated forms from the most 
bizarre countenances, which acted as magni- 
lers of expression. Those are the dunces that 
would call Nature herself a low-lived jade, 
because she finds the elements of her noblest 
creation in the dust 

In the Tojal ooUeeftion at Floicneey hangi, 



among some hundred faces graduating through 
the various steps of gentility, one portrait, not 
only at the summit of both other artists, but 
with an air, so far above all around it, as to 
seem degnided even by sovereignty over a 
tribe of painter visages. It might be that of 
a prince, a high-priest, and a prophet. The 
noble beauty of its contours, the conmianding 
stillness of its mien, its siher-flowing beard, 
and the far-sightedness of its eye, bespeak one 
by his mind at least made royal, the philoso- 
phic seer, the poet, the lustre of that world 
where he shone among thousand other lights. 
It is the portrait of Leonardo da Vinci, and 
painted by himself, the finest portrait and 
portraiture there. 



CHRISTMAS CAROLS. 

[Sibyl leaves still fiy about the world, which 
have been inscribed by magic fingers with 
wild and melodious old truths. Towards the 
decipherment of them, however, no black-ves- 
tured pundit is needed, but an ignorant Zing- 
hana or gypsey, will read them you as she 
runs. Up and down Berkshire of late wan- 
dered one of these son-browned damsels, and, 
while standing, like a picture of an Ethiopic 
summer- girl among the cold snows, chanted 
the following rude and imperfect, but, never- 
theless, curious recitative : — ] 

(From the lAterary Oaxette.^ 

TuKK.— " My Peggy is a Wet Thing.** 

Oh I Juteph was an old man. 

And an old man was lie* 

Aud he marrifd Mary 

Fr(im the laud of Galilee. 

on after he married her. 

How warm he were abroad* 

Then Miiry and Joseph 

Walk'd down to the nirden school* 

Then Mary spied a cherry. 

As red as nny blood,— 

Brother Joseph, pluck the cherry. 

Fur I am with child. 

Let him ]>luck the cherry, Mary, 

As is father to tlie child. 

Then our bles^^ed Saviour spoke. 

From his mother's womb,— 

Mary sliall have cherries. 

And Joseph shall have none. 

From the high bough, the cherry tre« . 

Bow'd down to Mary's knee, — 

Then, Mary pluck't the cherry, 

Uy one, two. and three. 

They went a little nirtber. 

And heard a great din, 

God bless our sweet Saviour, 

Our heaven's love in. 

Our Saviour was not rocked 

In silver or in gold, 

But in a wooden cradle. 

Like other babes all. 

Our Saviour wus not chrbteued 

lu white wine or in red. 

But in some sprint; water. 

Like other babes all. 



44 THE MIRROR. 

ttfce BttbltC SJoumaliJ. how to provide for his danghten is a more 

^ perplexing question. The first, no, tl • second 

Westminster Review : June— Sept. 1840. Point is to get married ; the first point is to 

prevent them from marrying mto a lower, 

tFAR-OFF shores are sure to show purple, and ^jjjgjj commonly means into a poorer rank 

^tance lends loveliness to the andest shore. ^^^^ ^^^^ j^ ^j^j^h ^j^ ^^^ y^^^ The first 
Yet do not emigration-fields always prove . . ^^ ^^^^ during childhood, 

Hesperian; and many who have quested after H^"" " ^^uc***"/ ci*o^««« **«*.«5 v * ^, 

Sfm as golden-fruiteS gardens, wliose aureate ^^^^ every day and almost every hour of the 

apples were to he had for the bare plucking, daj something happens to impress them with 

have been sorely discomposed at last— for they » fear of such degradation as attaches to im- 

foraot the dragon. prudent marriages. The second purpose be- 

But, understanding their fable-book better, ing subject to the first, becomes extremely 

practical and unimaginative people, looking for difficult. If the girl have a fortune, she would 

no ready-created phantasm, went to work upon belong to Captain Hall's spending class ; we 

the hard and intractable soils encountered guppose her to have no fortune, except beauty, 

(which were, in truth, the actual dragon), and tenderness, modesty, and good sense. Who 

by dint of sweat and labour, made them^ves ^u ^^^^ jj^, ^s a wife, that she wiU take as a 

creatore thereout of the golden tree —them- h^gband ! She may by chance, or rather, her 
selves Hespendes to J^g around it. ^j^ . ^.^^ ^ ^ ^ y ^ manage- 

* Emigration/ m the Westminster Review, •"*"''' x L ^ * xv j« i . v-* 

. ^r^ill*ir^™a^««f;^.»^wiH»/.*«. 1 ment, catch one of the spending class ; but 

supplies tne consecutive extracts: — J xl* u i. x« x xu i i^ 

^^ '' this would be an exception to the general rule. 

Pretent State of the better Clatset, xhe general rule with the daughters of men 
Whilst the labouring class of the present day of small incomes, whether fixed or not, is a 
in England are perpetually subject to ^ insuffi- choice between celibacy and marriage with 
cient wages, and excessive toU," the middle one of the uneasy class. Now a great propor- 
dass — ^that is, all between those who, having tion of young men of the uneasy class dread 
nothing but their hands, work for hire, and marriage, unless there be fortune in the case, 
those whom wealth removes from the necessity as the surest means of increasing their embar- 
of exerting either bodily or mental — are car- rassment. This is one of the most important 
rying on a perpetual struggle to maintain their features in the social state of England. There 
position in society. These have been aptly is not in the world a more deplorable sight 
eaUed by a recent writer '' the uneasy claiss.'' than a fine brood of English girls turning into 
Take the professional, agricultural, manufac- old maids one after the other ; first reaching 
turing, and commercial classes, it will be found the bloom of beauty, full of health, spirits, and 
that ail but a wealthy few are engaged in a tenderness ; next striving anxiously, aided by 
perpetual struggle to maintain themselves in their mother, to become honourable and happy 
the position of society to which they belong, wives ; then fretting, growing thin, pale, fist- 
but from which numbers are continually thrust less, and cross ; at last, if they do not go mad 
by the superior energies of their fellows. That or die of consumption, seeking consolation in 
there is not foom for all is obvious to all, and the belief of an approaching millennium, or in 
this necessarily induces a struggle of painful the single pursuit of that happiness in another 
intensity. world, which this world has denied to them. 

" The difficulty of providing for a family" rr •/ ^ * r j * 
is a form of complaint; in which the unead- ^^•^ ^/^*"*«' Land^granU, 
ness of even the more fortunate and wealthy The first grant of the colony established at 
portion of the class is firequently made manifest, the Swan River, in 1 829, consisted of 500,000 
A difficulty which even brings the aristocracy a-cres to an individual, Mr. Peel. That grant 
within the uneasy class. vras marked out upon the map in England ; 
^' What," says the author of England and 500,000 acres were taken round about the 
America," ^ What are the sons to do when port or landing-place. It was quite impos- 
grown up, if grown up 1 The army 1 — ^pay for sible for Mr. Peel to cultivate 500,000 acres, 
a commission, and then, unless you belong to or a hundredth part of the grant ; but others 
the spending class, look upon promotion as were of course necessitated to go beyond this 
hopeless. In the navy, candidates for promo- grant, in order to take their land. So that 
tion are quite as redundant as in the army, the first operation in that colony was to create 
The church 1 — ^buy a living, or else your son a great desert, to mark out a large tract of 
must struggle, and may struggle in vain too, land, and to say, ^ This is a desert, — no man 
wiUi a host of needy competitors for miserable shall come here ; no man shall cultivate this 
curacies. The law, medicine, trade 1 — all full land." So far dispersion was produced, be- 
— overflowing ; while the last, whether agri- cause upon the terms Mr. Peel obtained his 
cultural, manufacturing, or commercial, re- land, land was given to the others, llie go- 
quires a large capital, or it will bring uneasi- yemor took another 100,000 acres, another 
ness, perhaps bankruptcy. A place under go- person took 30,000 acres, and the dispersion 
yemment 1 — yes, perhaps, if you are the para- was so great, that, at last, the settlers did not 
site of a great man, &c. But, if a man of know where they were ; that is, each settler 
fixed income, his income being small or mo- knew that he was where he was, but he could 
derate^ be troubled to proyide for his sons^ not t«U where any one else was ; and, there- 



THE MIRROR. 4& 

fore he did not know his own position. This in flames. Very narrowly, the Steeple Church 

was why some people died of hunger ; for, escaped, and the peal of the alarm hells from 

though iLere was an ample supply of food at its interior, added to the grandeur of the spec- 

the goremor's house, the settlers did not tacle. The three churches are almost entirely 

know where the goyemor was, and the go- ruined. The East Church, or Cathedral, is a 

?emor did not know where the settlers were, complete wreck ; the fine gothic arches, with 

Then, besides the evils resulting from disper- their supports, are destroyed, and the only ar- 

Bton, there occurred almost a greater one, the tides rescued were the silver communion ser- 

lepsjration of the people, and &e want of com- vice, and the records of the Presbytery of 

bmable labour. The labourers, on finding out Dundee; a valuable library, composed of 

that land could be obtained with the greatest many works of the fathers of the church in 

f&cility, the labourers taken out under con- Greek and Latin, is wholly lost. The damage 

tracts, under engagements which assured done to the churches is estimated at between 

them of very high wages, if they would labour S0,000/. and 40,000/. 

during a certain time for wages, immediately It would almost appear as if severe visita- 

luighed at their masters. Mr. Peel carried tions were alighting on our churches. During 

altogether about three hundred persons, men, the violent storm on the same day as the 

women, and children. Of those three hun- above calamity happened, the steeple of 

dred per8ons,about sixty were able labouring Streatham Church was nearly destroyed ; as 

men. In six months alter his arrival, he had also that of Spitalfield's Church, Middlesex. 

nobody even to make his bed for him, or to 

fetch his water from the river. He was 

obliged to make his own bed, and to fetch wa- MATHEWS A SPANISH 

ter for himself, and to light his own fire. AU AMBASSADOR 

the labourers had left him. The capital, 

therefore, which he took out, viz., implements <^''«"» ^entlty'$ Mieellany, January, 1841.) 

«f husbaodry, seeds and stock, immediately Mathews once acted as a Spanish ambassa- 

perished ; without shepherds to take care of dor ; a frolic which was enacted by him at an 

the sheep, the sheep wandered and were lost ; inn at Dartford The account was written 

eaten by the native dogs ; killed by the na- by the late Mr.^Hill, who took part in the 

tives, and some of the other colonists, very freak, acting sis Mathews' interpreter. He 

likely by his own workmen, but they were called it his" Recollections of his Excellency 

destroyed. His seeds perished on the beach ; the Spanish ambassador's visit to Captain 

his houses were of no use ; his wooden houses Selby, on board the Prince Regent, one of his 

were there in frame, in pieces, but could not Majesty's frigates stationed at the Nore, by 

be put together, and were therefore quite use- the Interpreter." 

less, and rotted on the beach. Falling them- The party hired a private coach, of large ea- 
sel ves into the greatest distress, the workmen pacity, and extremely diowy, to convey them to 
at last returned to their master ; but then Gravesend as the tuite of Mathews, who per- 
Mr. Peel said, ^ All my capital is gone, you sonated an ambassador from Madrid to the 
have ruinod me by deserting me, and yon now English government, and four smart lads, who 
insist on my observing my engagements, when were entrusted with the secret by the pay- 
you yourselves have deprived me of the means ment of a liberal fee. The drivers proved 
of doing so.'* The^ wanted to hang him, and faithful to their promise. When they arrived 
he ran away to a distanee, where he secreted at the posting-house at Dartford, one of the 
himself for a time, till they were carried off drivers dismounted, and communicated to the 
to Van Dieman's land. innkeeper the character of the nobleman 

. (Mathews) inside the coach, and that his 

dv X. ' T jai ' ^ mission to London had been attended with 

Copograpqual OUamngS. the happiest result. The report spread through 

Dartford like vrildfire, and in about ten mi- 

DBBTEUcnoN OF THE CHURCHES AT DUNDEE, nutos the carriage (having by previous ar- 
At five o'clock on the morning of January 3d rangement been detained) was surrounded by 
hwty the inhabitants of Dundee witnessed the at least two hundred people, all with cheers 
entire dctltaetion of three of their churches, and gratulations anxious to gain a view of 
The fire originated from a stove in a passage the important personage, who, decked out 
between Ihe steeple and South Churches ; the with nearly twenty different stage-jewels, re- 
ire ran with the speed of lightning along the presenting sham orders, bowed with obse- 
galleriee of the church, and the pSpit, made quious dignity to the assembled multitude. It 
% mass of fire, communicated with the back was settled that the party should dine and 
put of the church, which was soon over* sleep at the Falcon tavern, Gravesend, where 
iHieimed by flame. At the same moment the a sumptuous dinner was provided for his Ex- 
venerable Cathedral caught. Next the Cross cellency and suite. Previously, however, to 
Cbnrdi^ forming a limb of the cross in which dinner-time, and to heighten the joke, they 
the diurches are built, became one volume of promenaded the town and its environs, fol- 
ftie. Abont half-past six, the three churches, lowed by a large congregation of men, women, 
fins the bsM to the pinnacle, were wrapped and child en at a respectful distance, all of 



46 THE MIRROR. 

whom presenred the greatest decorum. The party took their departure, in order to give 

interpreter (Mr. HiU) seemed to comnmmea.te the commander and his officers a ^ touch of 

and explain to the ambassador whatever was his quality," Mathews assumed his ambassa- 

of interest in their perambulation. On their dorial attire, and the captain of the iKarge, 

return to the inn the crowd gradually dis- still in ignorance of the joke, was introduced 

persed. The dinner was served in a sumptuous into the cabin, between whom and his excel- 

style, and two or three additional waiters, lency an indescribable scene of rich burlesque 

cbressed in their holiday clothes, were hired was enacted. The party left the ship for 

for the occasion. Gravesend at four o'clock in the morning. 

The ambassador, by medium of his inter- Mathews, in his ^ habit as he lived," with 

preter, asked for two soups, and a portion of the addition of a pair of spectacles, which 

four different dishes of fish, with oil, vinegar, he had a peculiar way of wearing to conceal 

mustard, pepper, salt, and sugar, in the same his identity, even from the most acute ob- 

plate, which apparently to the eyes of the server. Mathews again resumed his station 

waiters, and their utter astonishment and by the side of the captain, as a person . who 

surprise, he eagerly devoured. The waiters had left the frigate for a temporary purpose, 

had been cautioned by one of the suite not to The simple captain recounted to Mathews all 

notice the manner in which his excellency that the Spanish ambassador had enacted, 

ate his dinner, lest it should offend him, and both in his transit from Gravesend to the 

their occasional absence from the room gave Nore, and whilst he (the captain) was per- 

Mathews or his companion an opportunity of mitted to join the festive board in the cabin, 

depositing the incongruous medley in the related with singular fidelity, and to the great 

ashes under the grate — a large fii*e having amusement of the original party, who, during 

been provided. The ambassador continued to the whole of this ambassadorial excursion, 

mingle the remaining viands, during dinner, never lost their gravity, except when they 

in a similar heterogeneous way. The chamber were left to themselves. They landed at 

in wiiich his excellency slept was brilliantly Gravesend, and from thence departed to 

illuminated with wax-candles, and in one London , luxuriating upon the hoax until they 

eornerof the room a table was fitted up, under reached home, and for many a year afteh 
the direction of one of the party, to represent 

an oratory, with such appropriate apparatus __^— 
as could best be procured. A private sailing- A YELLOW COAT, 
barge was moored at the stairs by the fountain ^f,„j^ captain Marruatt't " Poor Jack.n 
esjrly the next morning, to convey the ambas- j-The smart old Gascon wit, which once amused 
sador and his attendants to the pnnce regent ^^ ^^.j,, appears to be iow passi, but the 
at the Nore The people agun assembled m cerule-coated Greenwichers have adopted the 
vast /nultitudes to witness the embarkation^ ^,i^^ The Trident on the seas is a st?mlook- 
Carpetswereplac^onthe s^^^ i ^^^^^ ^^^ .^ the court-yards of Green- 
edge, for the state and comfort of J"s excel- ^^^^ ^^ j^'^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^ j 
lency ; who, the instant he entered the barge, ' r j 
turned round, and bade a grateful farewell to ^^^^ harness and the yellow coat. 
the multitude, at the same time placing his ^' Among my father's associates there was 
hand upon his bosom, and taking off his huge a man of about forty years of age, — Dick 
cocked hat. The captain of the barge, a su- Harness by name. He had received a wound 
premely illiterate, good-humoured cockney, in the hip, from a grape shot; and his leg 
was introduced most ceremoniously to the am- having in consequence contracted, it occa- 
bassador, and purposely placed on his right sioned him to limp very much ; but he was 
hand. It is impossible to describe the variety as strong and hearty in all other respects 
of absurd and extravagant stratagems prac- as a man could be. He was a very merry 
tised on the credulity of the captain by fellow, fiill of jokes ; and if any one told a 
M^athews, and with consummate success, untU story, which was at all verging on the mar- 
the barge arrived in sight of the king's frigate, vellous, he was sure to tell another which 
"Vi^ch by a previous understanding recognised would be still more incredible He pJayed 
the ambassador by signals. The officers were the fiddle, and sang to his own accompani- 
all dressed in tall uniform, and prepared to ments, which were very droll, as he ex- 
receive him. When on board, the whole party tracted very strange noises from his instru- 
threw off their disguises, and were entertained ment ; sometimes his bow would be on the 
by Captain Selby with a splendid dinner, to wrong ude of the bridge, sometimes down 
which the lieutenants of the ship we.e invited, at the keys ; besides which ho produced 
After the banquet, Mathews, in his own cha- sounds by thumping the fiddle as well as by 
racter, kept the company in a high state of touching its strings, as a guitar ; indeed, he 
merriment by his incomparable mimic powers could imitate, in a certain way, almost every 
for more than ten hours, incorporating with instrument, and most of the noises made by 
admirable effect the entire narrative of the animals. He had one fault, for which he used 
journey to Gravesend, and his ^' acts and to be occasionally punished ; which was, he 
deeds" at the Falcon. Towards the close of was too fond of the bottle ; but he was a great 
the feast^ and about half an hour before the favourite, and tiierefore screened by the men 



THE MIRROR. if 

and as mnch as possible overlooked by the a way into notice ; his enonnity of person 

officers. The punishment for a pensioner get- had its influence ; his ponderous and impend- 

ting drunk, was at that time being made to ing look, while he swung to and fro in medi- 

wear a yellow instead of a blue coat, which tation ; or the heavy slouch of his gait while 

made a man look very conspicuous. I re- he bore right on like a man-of-war reeling 

collect one day he had the yellow coat on, deeply under the pressure of the gale ; who 

when a party of ladies and gentlemen came could behold that massive front, and purblind 

to see the Hospital. Perceiving that he was fixedness of gaze, without feeling his atten- 

drest so differently from the other pensioners, tion rivetted ? 

one of the ladies' curiosity was excited ; and We are convinced that character and per- 

at last she called him to her and said : — sonal demeanour have much to do in making 

** Pray, my good man, why do you wear literary reputation. Alone, indeed, character 

a yellow coat, when the other pensioners effects nought of this kind ; but joined with 

have bine ones 1" a little talent, it wins more fame — intellectual 

" Bless your handsome face, ma'am !*' re- fame — than a great deal of talent without it. 

plied Dicl^ " don't you really know !" And this conjunction it is, of mnch character 

^ No, indeed ! " replied she. and some talent, that forms the passing idols 

'^ Well then, ma'am, perhaps you may of the literary world ; a succession of which 

have heard of the glorious battle of the it must have to keep its frankincense from 

Nile, in which Nelson gave the French such going out, and its voice for Te Deum in tune. 

a drubbing !" As a moralist and domestic philosopher, he 

" O, yes ! " cried all the ladies and gen- is, even when most earnest, far behind Bacon 

tlomen, who had now crowded about him. in depth, no less than loftiness of thought, for 

" Well, ladies and gentlemen, I had the the latter seems often to reach his lights fh>m 

good fortune to be in that great victory ; heaven. But Johnson had the greatest fault 

and all we Nilers, as we are called, are per- a moralist can be charged with ; he Mras not 

mitted to wear a yellow coat as a mark of dis- always in earnest, he often trifled with the 

tinction, while the common pensioners wear sacred cause of verity to gain a poor triumph, 

nothing but blue." or eke out a sonorous period. Bacon felt 

** D^ me !" said the lady, ^ and do I himself too much in the presence of Divine 

really speak to one of those brave fellows illumination not to be ever serious and sincere. 

who fought at the battle of the Nile ! " and The grand distinction between these two 

she put her hand into her pocket, and pulled philosophers is, that Bacon uttered his 

out five shillings. maxims for the simple love of truth, Johnson 

** There," said she, " I hope youll not be for the glory of the saying. We cannot admit 

aifronted, but accept this from me." it a defence, that Boswell and others came to 

** Not at all, ma'am," replied Dick, pock- Bolt-court for drachms and pennyweights of 

etmg the money. opinion as clowns to a village apothecary for 

Then the whole party made a subscrip- panaceas at sight ; he would not have been 

tion for him, and Dick went off with a thus consulted, or driven to the hollow so- 

handful of silver. lemnities of speech, but that his vanity 

prompted him to set up as an infallible doctor. 

His influence on our language was bene- 

TnuTSJQATM ficial, though not precisely as he supposed 

•lunxNJsuxM. and many still think. That exotic and ses- 

Johnson's reputation arose firom two sources ; quipedalian style must be pronounced a mon- 

one of which, genius, may be called legiti- strous metamorphosis of English speech ; but, 

mate, the other, cAarac/^r, must be held facti- however Babylonish it might have made our 

tious. By *^ character" we mean that marked written dialect, it gave strikingness to what 

individualism, or emphasis of disposition, had long been trivial, force to what had lost 

which distinguishes some men more or less all verve and virility. Oftentimes, however, 

from all the rest, and among themselves, by way of giving it dignity, he bolstered it 

Here temperament would have made Johnson up vnth swollen terms, and endeavoured to 

a country notable had he been a brainless make it musical by a rumbling magnificence 

squire, or fat-witted yeoman. His surli- of diction. 

ness and rugged bigotry of resolution, in Johnsonian phraseology, however, has this 

rectitude as well as in error — the deter- to render it precious, that it was in character 

mination to overwhelm and swamp with the with the man, if not with his mother-tongue. 

torrent of all his powers whatever opposed He shone, too, as an argumentator, and those 

him — ^his morbid melancholy, scornful and cy- ponderous words suited his mouth as huge 

nic humour, his pride of heart, and indiffer- bomb- shells do that of a mortar. They were 

ence to common forms — those very defects crushing and confounding. But with him 

upon which, as harsh hinges, his own cha- began and ended the propriety of his style, 

laeter turned, made him remarkable from the only not risible when he used it, because in 

first, and impressed every one about him with the hands of a bear the ragged staff is fearftil 

iwe, if not admiration. Many other things, as well as burlesque — ^it Ix^me preposterous 

u well as character, contributed to break him when taken up by apes, who, attempting to 



48 THE MIRROR. 

mimic his flourishes, broke their own heads A sentence by Massingcr: — 

with so cumbersome a weapon. ** O my mistreM, qnepch not 

He will be ever dear to the English nation. The holy tin within you, tiiongh tpmptiitioii 

because such a type of itselfc With the ex- 5^^ **S* " "Tu ^""V u'"** *»•»"••"«>"' <>". 

.. - -J. i"^ __i.» u - - 1 ^- FiKht well, aiid thou •hnit see alter these %i«rf, 

oeptlOU Of wit, for which, as a people, we Xhy head wear ■unbenmi. and your feet touch stars." 

are not famous, his was the English character Earthquake at Mount ^rar«/.-Such has 

in Jwge-its weaknesses and powers, ble- ^^^ the abrupt shock experienced by some of 

mishes and b^M^uties, sweUed ^t to colossjd ^^^ Armenian villages, that as yet, the inha- 

dimemiions. No country, save England, could ^^^^^^ ^ ^^ coSmJmicate with each other 

k^ejproduoed a Johnson, a Hogarth, or a ^,y ^^^ of roJes,-5/. PeterMburgh QfUM 

' Report, 



Nero's Portrait. — Nero had a 

« I AM HERE, MOTHER !" strained for a coloswl porteait of l>ifMd( a 

' hundred and twenty feet high, to ovenoolc ibe 

A CHINESE INCIDENT. city from the gardens of Manns; but tiw por- 

OuANO-OuEi-YuEN, having lost his mother, *":** ^** blasted by lightning before U was 

who was all that was dear to him, passed fiJ^shed. 

the three vears of mourning in a hut, and Hotel des Invalidet, — The number of per- 

employed himself in his retirement, in com- sons who visited the tomb of Napoleon at tiiii 

posing verses in honour of his mother, which place is thus estimated : — 1st day, Deoenbw 
are quoted as models of sentiment and ten- 16,90,000;— 2d day, 85,000;— 3d day,] OO^OOO; 

demess. — 4th day, 70,000;— 5th day, 8O,O0O^th 

The three years of his mourning having day, 100,000;- 7th day, 115,000^— 8tli dfiy, 

elapsed, he returned to his former residence, 110,000;— 9th day, December 23, 120/MKir— 

but did not therefore forget his filial affec- Total U70,000 persons, 
tion. Highland Mary't Bible,— Mr. Weir, who 

His mother had ever expressed great ap- was the temporary eustodiar of the bible of 

prehension of thunder, and, when it thun- « Bums' sweetheart,*' recently presented this 

dered, always requested her son not to leave precious relic to Provost Limond, in presence 

her. of the magistrates and council at Ayr. — Glat' 

Therefore, as soon as he heard a storm goto Courier, 
coming on, he hastened to his mother's grave, ^^/^^^ ^^^ ^wa*^.— The time that men 

saying softly to her, as though she could passin sleep is various; General Elliott waked 

hear— / am here, mother I twenty hours, and sleptfour; De Moivre waked 

four and slept twenty. 

Cfte Oati)Crer. The Chinese Arittoeracg.— Beings formed 
of ** the porcelain clay of the earth." 

L^dChatham/inhis last days, so govenied Ancient Trees of the Spanish Chesnut,- 

the House by bis consummate acting, that he j^ Betchworth-park, near Dorking, there are 

folded his flannels round him like a toga, and ^^^ gpanish chesnut trees of extraordinary 

awed his adversaries into silence by a sweep ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ No certein record exists 

of his crutch. ^ ^jj^j,. ^^g^^ ]^„t ^jjgy jj^ probably coeval with 

Old lines on London:— the first Betchworth castle, founded in 1;$77, 

Gold an«l silvfr is the tlieen when ** John Fitzalan, second son to Bjchard, 

Of LooUon town ; tio moulde is t ren. E^ri of Arundel, had licence to embattle his 

Uglg FacM.— Wilkes was so abominably manor-house here:*— Gardener's Chronicle. 
ugly, that he said it always took him half-an- ^^^^ Erskine's Points.- A gentleman, who 

hour to talk away his face; and Mirabeau, h„ examined several of Erskine's briefs, in- 

spwiking of his own countenance, said, f^^^ ^^^^ ^^ j^^^ ^^^ interUneations 

« Fancy a tiger marked with the smaU-pox." ^^^^ ^^^ ^ut that particular parts were dou- 

Mortality from Small-pox,— From July bled down, and dashed with peculiar empha- 

1837 to Dec. 1839, Mr Farr has shown that sis— his plan being to throw aAi his strength 

the deaths from small-pox in the metropolis upon the grand features of the case, instead of 

{Lancet, Nov. 1840,) amounted to 5186; the frittering it away upon details.— ^uar/irr/y 

quarterly deaths rose from 257 to 1 145 ; the Hevittv, No. cxxxiii. 
increase was 445 per cent, or more than four- Quackerg.-li may be foolish to be rubbed 

??^1*. P^S^u^^TJ* V''?.'!? ^^Vf*''^^^ with St. John Long's balsam, or to trust to 

35, 54, 60, 58 have latterly died weekly. This ^^^ „ ^f Pri„^e Hoheulohe, but mankind 

IS melancholy when we reflect that the disease ^^ things more foolish than these, and 

might be arrested in one week hy vaccmation. nothing can prevent them. 

Ftve children, at the very least are destroyed " 

daily by small- pox in London. ~ ~ "~" 

Promenade Concerts.— Thehx popularity in J:^^P^^'/T^%^ """^^^^^n^*"^^ i' i''^!J*l^^» 

England is a strong indication of the ** fall «.,„»,r'/rrir/,»^A>ip» «•«•.-/» PjiRrs b>. aii the tiook- 

and decline" of the drama. tellers. — in FRAACFOHT cuARLtiSJUnML. 



Ci)e iHtrrot 



LITERATUBB, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 
N«. IMS.] SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 18*1. [Pftia M 




fia THE MIRROR. 

THE WHITE HORSE INN, present a striking contrast with the a: 

ments and fittings up of modem bu 

CHURCH-STREET, CHELSEA. Before the reign of James I , the dwell 

We present our readers with views of one of common people were generally built oj 

those interesting ancient hostebries (now of ^?^Sn cast, the timbers being of large 

such rare occurrence in the immediate en- ^^^^> ^^^ sometimes m the better sort 

virons of London) it being too redolent of ornamented, the ceihngs and outsida 

remembrances of days long since fled, not to aecoratod with figures, flowere, and 

be worthy of especial notice. Here did many emheUishments, m bas-rehef. This is 

a joyous thoughtless wight in " Bess's golden ^^^o^^ English style, * and is, indeed 

days " puff his pipe, and carol away the real cularly picturesque. The high-pointec 

and imaginary ills of life— here, « many's the T® mullioned window, and wreathed el 

time and oft," were the principal events, from "armonize most agreeably. Many bi 

the Spanish Armada to the Battle of Waterloo, J? the country still exist, curiously i 

i^^^^^^K. ..».,^ k- *u« »:ii.»<. ««i;4.!«;-«a ' tive of the times m which thov wera « 



01 i^neisea — ana nere, too,aia many a veteran y-— j -• ««*-© s.^^^^^^J, xxviu kiro ruuc 
from the neighbouring coUege, recount the ^l ^5™® ^,?.'**°*/2!*'?y«' 5 ^^* ^^^ ^ 
dangers he had seen, and, " shouldering his **»« fate of the old White Horse Inn- 
crutch, shewed how fields were won." J?Jr^®^i innovator than man caused its 

How can we, then, but deplore the destruc- VJ?!^ 5 *2^ 9? Monday morning. Decern 

tion of such-like vestiges, so pregnant with 1840, a fire broke out on the premises, 

pleasing yet painful recoUections ! P * ^^^V: P«"o<i, reduced this time-ha 

The old White Horse stood on the west jnn to a heap of ruins -a brother of th 

side of Church-lane, Chelsea, nearly opposite J*^ unfortunately perishing in the flam 

the church ; and was composed of timber- S i5r? ? ^'v^a^e^ the landlord, ei 

work and plaster, with a heavy tiled roof. ^P' ^f^^^> the late possessor of the 

On the front extended three long windows, mises, foUowed Mr. Bale's exampl 

divided into manv Ughts by transoms and Of<»P«dj bp* with severe injuries: a ; 

muUions, and glaze'd in quarries. Its entrance ^^^» residing m the upper part of the 

was embeUished with two grotesque brackets, »PP«ared with her three children at a w 

formed of figures representing satyrs wearing ^}^ "^ encouraged by the crowd b€ 

turbands; and here, for many a Uve-long <wop her three children into the street, 

day she did, following them without injurj 

« ii. 1, ♦ .1 • • » u J M * engines having promptly got into op< 

" Thev kept tlieir iinpioas turbauds on, Mnthoot «„^ koJn«. i.wi;«i«.,„i.. ^.i j ^ 

Good-tnonowtothesun.* *°<* *>«*]!« Judiciously placed, a p< 

rnu J 1. XI. . 1. 1 Stream of water was poured upon the 

The rearward of the premises was embel- element, which soon subdued all feai 

hshed with two large carved figures, particu- extending farther. The old siirn was 

larly curious; one representing a female but one of the carved figures has be< 

satyr with a bag-pipe ; the other being a served. 

grotesque figure with wings. * _«»_^___ 
The rooms on the ground-floor retained 

notWng of their former splendour, but in the -r„E „ .^p ^.p ^^^ minstrei 

apartments above were the old panehng, and ^^ „ 

carved chimney-pieces. ^^ ^"^^"^ '"'^ ^"^^^ ^ ^ ^«»-^y- •^»' 

A gateway led into a court-yard, which i.Fw the Mirror.) 

had at one time buildings connected with the Tbk harp of tbe minsTrd lay silent nwhiie, 

inn, extending round it. Hii soul was absorb'd in da"i k visions of wo< 

A sign of a white horse, in an ornamented oll«Sore^d*o ricrn ^t"''^ and pensive his s 

carved frame, hung over the front entrance. Yet mournful thJLaTure. n°nd piainThS't^he" 

bearing the date of 1509 ; but we safely date Wliiie the brow of the bard is o'ershndow'd wi 

the erection at about 1 660. A halo of glory aronn J him now trleams. 

The following is Mr. Faulkner's description The Ore of his heart flashes forth fit>m his r 

of the aboveinterestingbuilding,inhi8valuable ***■ ^"^^ %\ov^ with rapture, for by thoi 

" History of Chelsea," vol. ii., p. 167 :— t,« kn^Thl* ♦!»- .„«.i p^ • . i. 

t€ •nn.'A rr r mv • x i. »« Kuows iliftt the angel ofmercv 18 nf»h. 

White Horse Inn. This ancient house The heart-thrillinR cadence swells hiifh on the 

'S built in the style which prevailed- during His loVd harp tells of triumph o*er grief and 

the reigns of Henry VIII., and Queen Eliza- For while the deep shadows of death o'er hi; 

beth ; and is, perhaps, the only specimen of Yet rays fh)m the fpuntain of lox'e light his 

that period now remaining in this parish : ?"?^* s. raphim whisper 8we«t peace to his 

the disposition of doors; the ancient paneling. „*|;1 TSlTXSZ.t'ruVt'aTS il 

and the various grotesque ornaments and As the harp and the minstrel to heaven I hey t 

carvings, especially of human figures, serving 

as brackets, are worthy of inspection, and — . 



THE MIRROR. 



•I 



CHRISTMAS. 
(Fr*M Danieri " Merrie SngUimdr') 

WHY WM England " mmie ** eali'd. I pray you toll 

me why ?— 
Beeaoae Old England merry w«« in merry tfines gone 

by ! 
She knew no deartii of honest mirth to cheer both son 

and sire. 
Rat kept it np o'er waaeail cap around the Christmai 

fire. 

When Adds were dight with bloesoms white nnd kavet 

of lirely gt«en. 
The May-pohs fear*d its llow*ry head, and daneinf 

rocuid were seen 
A yoiifhAil band, Join'd hand In hand, with thoon and 

Urtle trim. 
And Mftly roae the meloHy of Flora*8 morning hymn. 

Her garland*, too. of varied hue the m«nrry milkmaid 

wove^ 
And Jade tlie piper caprioled within hb dancing grove: 
Wm, PibrTnck, and Little John, with Robin Hood 

tItoirKinff, 
Bold ftweofore! Uytho diorlsteral made vale and 

Bonatain ring. 

On every eprav hlooow lovely May, and balmy lephyra 

Etiietealaplendonranabovpl and beauty all beneath! 
The eockoo** eong the woods amobg sounds sweetly as 

of old; 
As bright and wann the sunbeams shine,— and why 

should hearts grow cold ? 



CHRISTMAS EVB IN THE COUNTRY. 

1840. 

(For the Mirror.) 

Thb rising sun his glitterinir radiance throws 
Go a briieht surface of unstiUied snows, 
Whttre sparkling Icicle, rimed twig and psne. 
Catch the first ray mid flash it b^ick again. 
Tlie redbreast humbly seekN his rooming dole 
Prom those who. roogh in sprecti, are kind in sotil, 
AikI love to see the gmitle sirangt^ come 
To tap tlie sill, and peck tlie ncattered crumb, 
Whili* cottage children stint I heir scanty food 
In memory of the Children in the Wood. 
Wlieu pitving Robins watoh'd their lonelv end. 
And Robins thence shall never want a friend. 

Blue smoke ascends fW>m many a winter's hearth. 

Dark forms are tracking mnny a winding path. 

The matron, mother, and the blushing bride. 

And Uie lone mourner pacing side by side, 

Vith aged dame In hood and mantle red. 

With tottering frame, bent Ixirk and palsied head ; 

Wlu) sidelong looks with nod and hearty clieer, 

And tsyes tlie youngsters with a merry leer, 

WIk) laughing', slip, and plunge, and wildering glide 

Where holt-nailed shoes have worn the tempting slide. 

In trooping ranks tiie Christmas askers en II 

At£trm,.and homevtead, Farsouairp. and llutl. 

Where, kin ly greeting, sir, or mudam sUmb, 

Utniensing bonnty with uusiiariuit hands. 

Ana smilM a welcome at the as|ien door. 

Nor light esteems the blessing of tlie |x>or. 

The whitfwiiaired sextim now is lieuding seen 
Beneath a higli-pilHd load of evei-green. 
To deck tlie ancient church in order due. 
With coral-beailed holly, box, and yew- 
While the old man's uiicertnlu fbKititep falls 
la startling eehues on the silent walls. 
The wintry sunbeam scarcely strupfl^es there 
Tluoogh shields lienldic and through legends rare. 
When uncouth labels tell of martyrM wiint, 
Asd deep.dyed glaaa reveals devices quaint ; 
Gold, purple, astlre, erinison, tinctured rich, 
k(«yleiideiit stream on stall and fretted niclie. 
On (ilded sconces, and on tamish'd fringe, 
And bdeil velvet with a kindred tiugA, 
On Meri*ty and choir, and roof embossed, 
Till ki ums darkliBS nook the my is lost. 



The wooil-eait rurolih-s down tlie rut-worn Uitc, 
With tingling hand the hcirsrman drofts the rehi. 
While smootli-sliod hacknejrs warily are led 
O'er hardened snows th-it crunch ben*'utli their tiead. 
And trost.hit travi-Uers blow their finger-ends. 
While merry laces watch for coming friends. 
The cows are ruminating by the rack 
With dropping ears, shut eyes, and rongben'd bark ; 
The poulti^ scratch their meal from stable straw. 
Whose genial warmth has upread a partial thaw. 
In the low barn the thresher drops his flail. 
And sharp his gun re-echoes np the vate. 
When crimson life-drops dye the thick-laM train. 
Where simple suarrows seek tlie treacherous grain. 
The fiumet^s laas lounge out to shoot or play. 
And murder'd blackbirds rue the holiday. 
The boys are grinning round the pollard pond. 
The pedagogue forgets his birchen wand. 
Shoves back his hat and wig, and makes believw 
To skait with youngsters on the Christmas eve. 

Soon ns the landscape fhdes in dusky hate. 

What ruddy lights from countless windows blasa. 

What eager groups crowd round the Christmas tn% 

Soon as the evening rays in night expire ! 

In cot and farm where mugs of pewter shine. 

And halls where crystal holds tlie ruby wine, 

Tlie kindling fiiggot bursts the twlnted bands. 

And lurid flash the spluttering aslien brands. — 

Some list tlie song, or legendary tale. 

That daunts the bold, and turns the timid pale. 

While shoddeiing hearers o'er tlioir shoulders look. 

And vuw without a breath the casement shook I— 

Some thread the dance, and raine the boisterous din. 

Some ope the door to Ift the mummers in. 

The young are revelllug in their Chrixtmas cheer. 

The old are musing on the closing year, 

The thoughtless langh to cliase away dull care. 

The pious only breatlu: a lowly prayer. 

From the old church half-lit by Innti-rn dim. 
With ancient carol, and with rustic hymn. 
The village choir commence their custom'd round, 
And tread with heavy feet the frosty ground, — 
By many a home to sing their Christmas lays, 
while soflen'd hearto responsive Join in praise, — 
To quaflr brown ale foam'd high fh>m tall stone-jugs. 
And pledge deep healths in on -replenished mugs, — 
While sleepers start to list their parting cheer, 
" A merry Christmas and a blitlie New Year.'* 

The midnigiit stars are shining' on the earth. 

As erst tliey shone upon Messiah'* birth. 

The houseless wanderer marks their pure pale beam 

In the dark mirror of the ice-frinved stream, 

And wistful gazes from its ))ebbly brim 

On happy homes that are no home ftir him — 

His limbM are stiflTening in tlie bitter bleak. 

Hh tears are iVoxen on his liollow clievk. 

Tlie rime is gathering on his thin grey hair. 

He sighs for rest, bnt fiiintly murmurs " Where?" 

His aged arms are folded on his breast. 

To his chill'd heart liis talter'd rags are prest,— 

He koeeU to pray within tlie ruin'd shed 

That angel guards may watrh his fenceless head, 

Au'l his wrapt spirit leaves its fWisen clny. 

Long ere tlie liells ring out for Christmas Day. 

Rkinpi.m. 



" REND BACK TIIY COURSE." 

One who loved, in view of the gea, which had very 
recently overwhelmed her lover. 

Rewo back thy course, thou rolling wave, 

And take this tear with thee ; 
Convey it ic> his surf-lashed grave. 

Who lives no more for me. 

Reud back thy course, Ihou hj.ast so dread. 

And take thix sigh with theet 
Waft it around Ats shroudless head, 

Who lives no more for me. 

Blacklt. 



K 2 



52 THE MIUROH 

WOMAN, AND HER SOCIAL We may be ejcuW for borwwiag . pc 

POSITION. and yet fa^hftil description : — 1^6 

[FrMi the eurreitt Number of the JVettminUer Review^ husband, who 

Intellectual education is at length discovered " Sees iier in a nearer view, 

to be no hindrance to the peculiar duties of ^ •?»"*• y«' « wom«n too- 

women, but, on the contrajj, to be absolutely ForT:i;S.*?atJ:Sl:d5ii;^^ 

necessary for the right performance of them. ^ x« • i « v i • 

It is now argued for on the very plea it was «»»/ *J'nK of her merely as a part ol 

formerly refused; viz., to make good wives »««» *he complement, as it were, of hi 

and mothers: and, for this purpose, it is the e^»«*f °c«- ^ Perhaps it is only the dismtc 

fitshion with almost aU writers on the subject, *"«5»on of a father that will always 

to exalt and magnify the nature and extent ®°**y ^^^ST *° H®' ^^ "^ ^^^ "^^^ 

of female influence. This is a considerable ^™® beautfful poet)— 
step gained, and one of which the good effects " The beioK breathing thoughtful breatl 

are already so apparent as to furnish a com- /**" tmveUer beiwixt^ife and death." 

plete answer to all who might fancy, because Yet it is in this high light that woman c 

no female Bacons, Shakspeares, or Newtons, not as a boon, but as a right, to be fii 

have appeared, tiiat the advantages to society dressed by education, — ^that education 

firom female improvement are less material has for its object the virtue and happii 

than those communicated by the superiority each individual submitted to it; for the 

of distinguished men. But why, we would • we learn from reason and religion, i 

ask, must the right of half the human race to . every human being of equal importanoe. 

have their reason cultivated, be still made to do not mean to say that, in the actual 

rest on the benefits thereby accruing to the course of life, the moral independence 

other half. This notion of a bargain is humi- men is not felt and acknowledged, as i 

liating to both parties. It cannot satisfy re- the study of the- philanthropist; but we 

fined or liberal-minded men, any more than it sort, that it is often overJooked, and 1 

can be agreeable to women of intelligence and has .not yet taken its proper place as a ] 

spirit. pie in almost any system of female edu 

^ Let us not confine ourselves," said the which has fallen under our notice, 
most amiable of French philosophers, ** merely 

to the advantages society might derive from 

the education of women; let us go farther, and 

have the justice and humanity not to deny MIMI LEPREUX, THE FRENC 

them what may sweeten life for theyiselves, PICKPOCKET. 

as well as for us. How often have we expe- ^p^^ u Memoin of M. OUquet, formerly Pn 

nenced a power m mental culture and the Police.} 

exercise of our talents to withdraw us from ,-• t . xi_ x j • . • 

our calamities, and to console us in our sor- .^™ Lepbeux is the most adroit picki 

rows; why, then, refuse to the more amiable 2 *^*"^ *°** ^^^. ^ho has always ee 

half of the species destined to share with us S?™ * accusations brought against 

the ills of existence, the solace best fitted to ^*°y ^\ *^® pohce-agents know him 

enable them to be endured 1"* The meUn- ??^ ^ incessantly watching him ; w 

choly tenderness of these expressions belonged ^^^7 *^?^® never been able to estoblish 1 

to the writers' peculiar character, but the ^ ^}^'rt ^°® -u ''^^'^^'^s 'o^^ 

generous flentiment they contain is worthy to ^<i?°*' '^^ " ^'""y- _, ^ , 

be laid to aU hearts. ^ remember a report made to me, m 

The prejudices ef sex have a tendency to "? ?*py ^^''^J^ *^*°«» 1^^^ «^^1 ®^ *^" 

make women he regarded oftener in the de- ™1 \7^^ ^f^ ^ question an officer fa 

pendent and subordinate position in which I^*^ ™ ^^^^P ^^ i^*°" t?P"^' ^ 

they appearin relation to man,than as possess- ?°®'. Jt^!!^®! "® *"** **'*® ^^^^ ' 

ing, in common with him, a moral, rational, *®*^* l^*^^^ ^^^^ ^ J?*'Il payable i 

responsible, and therefore, independent exist- Property purchased with the produce 

ence of their own. To make only a passing l«oemes ; that he was very hberal 

aUusion to the unfortunate circumstances ^9^^' and still more so to the petty t 

which may produce «an utter disdain for the ^no «erved him : that be had always a 

character of women, a brutal indifference to ?^ ™^®» 9^ fi^!** occasions, emploj 

iheir misery, which is the worst fault, as it is ™P * lopk-out for him—to penetrate 

the surest punishment of the finished liber- *°® crowd—to ascertain how such or 

tine," and to notice only commoner and less * P®"?^ P'*«®<V **l? P»Me» j"8 gold 

painftil results oif a limited experienoo:-wo- J^^? *^" pocket-book, &o. : that these 

man, in the eyes of enamoured youth, is as a !?'"«» execute nothing themselves, eon 

" Phnntom of delight themselves to acquainting Mimi with 

A lovely apparitiuu, tent tney ODserved, wno takes upon hinu 

To be a moment's ornament.*' tum their discoveries to profit. 

• OBuvree Philowplilqmee. lee.. de.D*Alemb«rt« For example :— One of these robbei 

tome V. p. iSS, tices will come to Mimi, and whisper 



THE MIKROK. 



5S 



mr, In dang phraie. " That old gentleman 
fifteen paces to the right, with mite hair 
•ad a cane in his hand, has pnt a heavj 
parse in his left breeches'-pocket." 

** Very well,*' leplies Mimi, *' there's ten 
tons for yon. Cnt I" 

A quarter of an honr afterwards, the 
parse is in Mimi's possession — bat not to 
remain there two seconds. There are aJ- 
ways accomplices near, ready to receive the 
itoien article, which passes firom hand to 
hand, and disappears in a twinkling. 

If, therefore, the almost imperceptible 
moTement of the thief should happen to be 
remarked at the instant of the robbery, and 
even if th<f party robbed should seise the 
eal]prit*8 arm, there is no means of estab- 
liamng the crime. In such case, Mimi, with 
perfect calmness and self* possession expresses 
bis surprise that any one should dare to 
mppoee him capable of such conduct. He 
•PIMals to the common sense of tiie by- 
lUnders, shows his purse well filled with 
fold pieces, and his pocket-book stuifed with 
bank-notes — ^which contains, by chance, too, 
the receipts for his last taxes — and a^ if 
the fikther of a &mily, in affluent circum- 
atances, like his, may not despise an accu- 
ntion of the sort ! ** I am willing to sup- 
pose," he says, ** that the gentleman may 
haye spoken without thought, and bear him 
no grudge for a mistake which, happily, 
can do no harm to me," It is not an un- 
common thing to see the yiotim stammer 
out apologies to the robber, and depart 
throng a crowd of persons murmuring their 
indignation against him. 

On the day in which M. Rodde presented 
himtelf on the Place de la Bourse, to ex- 
ercise the profession of public crier, Mimi 
Leprenx was met by the peace-officer, in 
the midst of an extraordinary concourse of 
republicans and curious spectators. 

** What are you doing here V* said the 
agent of authority, in a seyere tone. 

** I am doing like the others, — looking 
on, and walking about." 

^ You are well aware that I know you ; 
yon are here with the purpose of doing 
■ome mischief." 

** As I tell you, I am doing nothing at 
all ; why do you bother me 1 Is not the 
payement free for eyerybody!" 

** Don't stand arguing there ; moye on, or 
I will haye you taken up. You are here 
for the purpose of robbing. We have plague 
esoogh on our hands, without your coming 
hither, with your band, to pilfer. 

** Bah i " said Mimi Lepreux, impatiently, 
and losing his temper ; '' leave me alone ! 
Your republicans are nothing better than 
' eaniiUe ! I have picked more than five hun- 
dred of their pockets, and never fouud a 
•w in any of ttiem." 



MBS. BARBAULD. 

The old chapel of the English Presbyteriant 
at Newington-green,has recently been repaired 
and renovated ; and as Mrs. Barbauld's hus- 
band, the Rev. M. Barbauld, officiated for 
many years there, and as Mrs. Barbauld's 
mortal remains were buried in that parish, it 
was proposed to raise a tablet in sudi chapel 
to the memory of that gifted lady. It has 
been raised by her nephew, Mr. C. R. Aikin, 
Surgeon. Mrs. Barbauld was the sister of 
the celebrated Dr. Aikin. 

The following is the inscription on the 
mural tablet : — 

" lb a—mory of 

ANNA LiBTITIA BARBAULD. 

DaoKhtrr of John Aikin. D.D., 

And wife of the Rev. Roelieniont Barbnold* 

Ponnerly ttie respected M iuister of this 

Confrenation. 

She was born at Kibworth, in Leieattenhirtb 

jQi e SO. 1743. 

And died at Mtolie Newington. 

Maieh 9. 188S. 

Endowed by the Giver of all Goud. with wtt, grains. 

poetic talfnt, aud a viiroroof understanding. 

She employed those high gifts 

In promoting the cause of Humanity. 

Peace and Justice. 

Of civil and religious Liberty. 

Of pure, ardent, aud affectionate Devotion. 

Let the young, nurtured by her writings^ 

in the pure spirit 

of Christian morality ;— 

let those of matnrer years, capable of apprttiatlng 

the acuteness. tlie brilliant fsncy. 

and souud reasoning. 

of ber literary compositions ;— 

let tlie surviving few who shared 

her deliKhtAil aud instructive conveisatlon.— 

Bear witness that tliis monument records 

no exaggerated praise.** 



A MUSSULMAN'S WIVES IN 
HINDOOSTAN. 

The women never leave their homes, except 
on visits of form. They dwell round a court- 
yard; and never take off their day-dress to 
sleep in, but wheel their silver-legged bed- 
stead where they please, and repose as our 
ladies do on sofas. This is, certainly, not 
according to a citizen's notion of comfort; nor 
squares it with the sacred notions of the nup- 
tial couch, common among the mass of the 
people in England: but it does very well for 
the climate. The ladies do not even know how 
or where the fhiit srows they are so fond of 
at breakftkst ; but what of that ! They eat it in 
peace. Though their information is limited, 
they are quick and clever, and nothing which 
falls from the lips of husband or father is ever 
forgotten. 



54 THE MIRKOR. 

REMINISCENCES OF STERNE. whole-length figure which digmfles the maim- 

„ . ..,,« ,.1^x1. ment, you will find the likeness still stronger; 

Thb finest portrait of Mr. Sterne, is that by ^^^ jf j ^^^^p i^ ^.j^jg jj^^jer of the world, 1 

his friend Sir Joshua Reynolds, engraved by gj^^^jj ^j^g ^ ^ deposited in that comer of 

Fisher. The attitude and whole is masterly : ^j,g church, and sleep out my last sleep beside 

it must hare been sketched con amove. His ^^y ^^^^^ ancestor. He was an excellent pre- 

countenance exhibits what Sir W. Scott so ^^^ ^^d an honest man : I hare not half his 

well describes : " His features had also a yirtues, if report speaks true of us both, 

8>rewd, humourous, and sarcastic character, ^j^ich, for his sake, I hope it does— and, for 

proper to the ¥rit, and the satirist, and not ^y q^« j Yio^^ it does not. Though, to use 

unlike that which predominates in the por- ^^ expression which dropped from the lips 

traits of Voltaire." A well-engraved copy, by ^^^ ^t the table of a brother ^rcA-prelate of 

Jlavenet, of this expressive portrait, is pre- j^ja, and one of his ancestors—* My ideas are 

fixed to the first volume of his Sermons, pub- gometimes rather too disorderly for a man in 

lished by Dodsley. It is also inimitably en- orders.' In his Grace's Concio ad Clerum, 

graved by Audinet, in Harrison's ^r«/ edition j ^^ ^^^ ^^^ myself a very principal figure— 

of his Biographical Magazine. There is a ^^^ j^ jjjg private hours, he is always most 

most excellent copy of this portrait, engraved cordial to me. The day after to-morrow, 1 

by Wainwright, where the eyes ai-e finely gjjj^n jj^pe ^^ embrace you at my gate ; till 

caught. One cannot help applying to this ^Yien, my dear friend, may God bless you— 

portrait, what Shakspeare says of his Biron : ^nd always, your's, most affectionately, 

Hii eye iMjg^ot oitciuioii for his wit. " L. SterNE." 

For every ot ject that the cine Av\ catch, lu Mr. Christie's Catalogue of the Sculp- 

The other lurn'd to a mirth-movina josU ^^^^g ^ ^5^^ j^^ ^^ NoUekinS, SOld in Jnly, 

Mr. Hickson's Catalogue of the Sporting Pic- 1823, is " No. 2*2, original bust of Sterne, in 

tures of Colonel Thornton, in June, 1819, has terra cotta, by NoUekins, done at Rome. This 

" No. 30, two portraits, in crayons, of Sterne bust first brought Mr. Nollekins into repute 

and Maria, by Russell, said to be tlie most as a sculptor." It sold for 44 guineas : a ca- 

correct likenesses that were taken." In pital bust it is. Mr. West has given a print 

Sterne's letter to Mr. Garrick, dated Paris, of his bust, in his portrait of Lydia Sterne de 

March 1 762, he says : — " I shandy it away Medalle, preiixed to the first volume of her 

fifty times more than 1 was ever wont, talk Letters. At the end of the first volume of 

more nonsense than ever you heard me talk these Letters, it mentions Mr. T. Becket as 

in your days — and to all sorts of people. * Qui the publisher of Mr. Sterne's works, and of 

le diable est cet homme la' said whom may be had, '' a bust of Mr. Sterne, an 

Choiseul, t'other day. You'll think me as exceeding good likeness, price l/.7«. bronzed." 

vain as a devil, was I to tell you the rest of N. B. It would be unjust to the memory of 

the dialogue The Duke of Orleans Mr. Becket, not to say, that throughout the 

has suffered my portrait to bo added to the whole of Mr. Sterne's correspondence, unli- 

number of some odd men in his collection ; mited confidence was placed in him, and that 

and a gentleman who lives with him has through him, chiefly, wore remittances sent to 

taken it most expressively, at full length. I Mr., Mrs., and Miss Sterne, when resident in 

purpose to obtain an etching of it, and to send France ; and his probity is spoken of by Mr. 

it to you." Sterne in many letters. I believe he died at 

In a letter from him to Mr. Foley, dated Chelsea a few years ago, at an advanced age. 
Montpellier, October 5, 1763 : — '^ I shall beg Many artists have sketched from the genius 

leave to get a copy of my own picture from of Sterne. The most fortunate, have been 

your's, when I come in propria personA" — Hogarth and Leslie. Trim's reading the ser- 

He again says to the same gentleman, in his mon, by Hogarth, is a felicitous display of his 

letter, dated York, November 11, 1764 : — '* Is own genius, in so finely catching the spirit of 

it possible for you to get me over a copy of this scene. Its extreme beauty can only be 

my picture, any how! If so, I would write seen in the engraving by Ravenet. That in 

to Mad™* N y to make as good a copy Cooke's edition, miserably spoils the counte- 

from it as she possibly could." In a letter of nances both of Mr. Shandy, and that of Uncle 
his, to W. C, Esq., vrithout date, given in the Toby. Hogarth has been equally successful 
European Magazine, he says : — ^ I know full in his other print. When Mr. Shandy in- 
well, that all sprained as your ancle may be, quiringly says : '^ She has not forgot the 
it will be whoUy impossible for you to pass name !" who but Hogarth could so well have 
through York, without popping your head drawn Yorick's Curate ! With what respect 
into its cathedral, and indulging your mind and attachment must Sterne have viewed Uo- 
with a few of those reflections which such a garth, on the appearance of these two prints, 
building is calculated to inspire. Now, when They were both frequently seen together in 
you are there, tell a verger to conduct you to the orchestra at Drury Lane, watdiing the 
the tomb of Archbishop Sterne. He is the performance of Mr. Garrick. Had Hogarth 
same whose picture you saw at Cambridge, never produced any one thing than this first 
and which you were pleased to say, bore so print, his name would long have been remem* 
strong a resemblance to me. In the marble bered. 



THE MlllKOK. $i 

Mr. Bimbury drew his happily-conceived iiresisJble chann was difl^ed around her. 

ikefcch of La Fleur's departure from the I search for Eliza everywhere ; I discern 

auberffe at Montreuil. some of her features, some of her charmi^ 

Mr. Dodgave by no means an unskilful de- scattered among those women whose figure ii 

sign of '* The Husband," when he takes off most interesting. But what is become of her 

hU hatf and which Mr. Wenman prefixed to who united them all 1 Nature, who hast ex- 

his edition of the Journey, engraved by hausted thy gifts to form an Eliza, didst thou 

Walker. create her only for one moment 1 All who 

Mr. Stothard drew Sterne in his interview have seen Eliza regret her. As for myself, my 

with Maria, and also when he was listening tears will never cease to fiow for her all the 

to the starling. They are both pleasing time I have to live. Those who have known 

prints. her tenderness for me, the confidence she had 

Mr. Leslie's powerful genius has given us bestowed upon me, vdll they not say to me — 

Don Quixote, Catherine and Petruchio, and, She is no more, and yet thou livest. And 

above all, the imaginary dinner at Ford's; thou, original writer, her admirer and her 

these have, vrith many others, stamped an im- friend, it was Eliza who inspired thy workt, 

perishable lustre on his name. From Sterne, and dictated to thee the most affecting pages 

we have his Uncle Toby looking in the eye of of them. Fortunate Sterne, thou art no 

the widow Wadman, with her pretty look of more, and I am left behind. I wept over 

" assumed innocence." It is, indeed, " a real thee with Eliza; thou wouldst weep over her 

gem of art," as the spirited and masterly re- with me : and had it been the will of Heaven 

view of Mr. Leslie's genius, in Arnold's Ma- that you had both survived me, your tears 

gaiine of the Fine Arts, for April, 1834, so would have fallen together upon my grave." 

justly terms it. He has given us another real This animated, powerful, and honest writer, 

gem of art, in his print of " The Lost Found," this good man, who once possessed a fine for- 

engraved by Rogers, being Sterne eagerly un- tune, aud survived Mr. Sterne twenty- six 

folding the scraps of the lost MS. in the se- years, died at the age of 84, in extreme po> 

venth volume of Tristram, which the chaise- verty, in a garret at Passy, in 1796, having 

vampire's wife was untwisting from her hair, very narrowly escaped the guillotine ; the 

Perhaps no other artist could have given us only property he left was an assignat of 50 

80 felicitously the figure of Mr.* Sterne, as it is livres, worth then not three halfpence in 

so happily given in this last print. He catches ready money. His reputation was such when 

the glee of Sterne's elastic spirit. One regrets in England, that the Speaker of the House of 

that other scenes f^om Sterne have not en- Commons observing him among the specta- 

gaged his vivid pencil. Some one justly ob- tors, suspended the business of the house, till 

serves, that no one surpasses Mr. Leshe in he had seen the eloquent historian placed in a 

the rare art of inspiring what he paints with more commodious seat. His character was 

sentiment and life, and that he has tenderness unblemished. He was esteemed and courted by 

and pathos altogether his own. One peruses all the great men. A translation of his '* Apos- 

with high pleasure this conclusion of the above trophe" is in the Mirror of April 23, 1831. 

admirable review of Mr. Leslie's talents : — On the death of Mrs. Draper, many elegiao 

** We sincerely trust, no exhibition of the stanzas came out, from wnich I select the 

Royal Academy will pass without being following : — 
graced vnth one at least of his works ; he Is 

still young, and in the full vigour of his intel- " *^"' ""TaiZ, '""**"*'' ""^ **'*'**" °° *''^ 

lectual powers, so that we may look forward Exiinct is the fire of that mhid, 

yet, for a succession of masterly productions Which, warm <*8 bright Phoebus' meridian rays, 

from his hand." Euliveu'd the heart of maulcind 1 

In Mr. Christie's Catalogue of Drawings, Thp Monk. too. shall huil thy blest shade to the skiis. 

collected by Mr. Rembault, and sold in De- For lonj? has his spirit been tliere ; 

Cember, 1837, appear no less than 143 by WhjreSterDe often views hjm with rapturous eye., 

Ti , 'j ' A*^*^ J.V • <* XT 1 »»/ While hlxsi uuremittiutr they share. 

Rowlandson. Among them is ** No. 176. '^ ' 

My Uncle Toby, &o." This is the exact - Not far from the monuments in Bristol 

entry. If ever the deep pathos of Sterne was Cathedral, of the Rev. Mr. Love, the author 

finelv caught, it was in this drawing, where of the universally-admired lines on the red- 

my Uncle leads Le Fevre's son from his dead breast who for many years regularly perched 

fuher's bed. on the great organ, during the time of divine 

A portrait of Mrs. Draper appears in Mr. service, accompanying the solemnity with its 

Stanley's Catalogue of Mr. Cosway's drawings, harmonious strains, and near those to the me- 

in Biay, 1822 — No. 69, portrait of Mrs. Dnt- mory of Mrs. Mason, and to the esteemed tra- 

per, Sterne's Eliza." The Abbe Raynal, in gedian Powell, both noted for the feeling 

the second volume of his History of the two lines on their tombs, is the monument of 

Indies, has an apostrophe to her memory. It Eliza, highly finished by the eminent Bacon, 

Iffeathes the most affecting tenderness, as well which, to use the words of Mr. Dallaway, (an 

as of his attachment to Mr. Sterne. It is, acknowledged judge of sculpture,) is ^ exqui- 

indeed, worthy of his feeling and elevated sitely simple.' Two beautiful figures, in 

nund :—f* In every thing that Eliza did, an white marble, stand on each side of an urn 



«6 THE MIKROR. 

with a wreath of flowers hanging carelessly his condnct at the bar. This, in faot, was 
down — one represents Ognius, her left hand usually his practice apon all occasions where 
on her breast, and her right holding the trum- a capital conviction was expected. The mo- 
pet of Fame — the other, Benevolence, point- ment after trial is fireqnently found to be the 
iug to this inscription : best time to elicit a confession. The pri- 
saered to the Memory wnQTE, having exerted all their fortitude and 
/ „f energy to brave the charge, and assume the 
MRS ELIZA. DRAPER appearance of innocence, suddenly relax, and 
in uhom ' ^^^ ^^^^ depression and despair, when aver- 
Genius Hnd Benevolence ^""^ of guilty is returned. In the pre«rat 
were united *^*^®' * pnsouer, as we have said, while 
Ri» M^\ A„..«.t ^ ir7« awaiting his trial, was morose, and declined 
Blie died A«8u^3d. 1778. advicew assistance, replymg to all who ad- 

^«*^ **• dressed him, " They can't convict me." But 

Mrs. Draper died at Bombay. In the Ex- even this was said in a manner that seemed to 

hibition of 1828, is " No. 323, View of Bom- imply his guilt. When the verdict went 

bay, with the house of Sterne's Eliza, from against him, he was delivered over to the 

a sketch in the possession of Sir Charles cell-keeper, whose business it was immedi- 

Forbes.** The Mirror of July 9, 1831, gives ately to make the strictest search of his per- 

a view of this residence. son and clothes, to see that no instrument of 

In the Mirror of 17th last October, is a self-destruction was concealed, — a ceremony 

view of Coxwould, the '^ favourite retreat " of that efiectually admonishes the coudenmed 

Sterne. Another aspect, or view of it, admi- that it is the intention of the law not to be 

rably engraved, is in Coles's ^ Scarborough cheated, and that the executioner only mnsl 

Collector," of 1728. In the second volume terminate their existence. The examination 

of Pick -nick, are two letters from Sterne, of the person in this case had just beenper- 

one in 1764, giving an interesting description formed as the ordinary arrived froui the 

of his thatched cottage there, wherein he court, when he found the convict muttering 

mentions Lord Shelburne having paid him a to himself, as he thought, some words of dis- 

visit, and with him, admired the ancient satisfaction. The minister addressed him, 

architecture of its church. Many letters saying, '^ You have deceived yourself, it 

from Mr. Sterne are in the European Maga- seems ; but you have nothing to complain 

zines. The executors of the late Rev. Daniel of, — for I never heard a clearer case made 

Williams, who lived at Bath, and is buried in out." ^ 

its cathedral, had many of Sterne*s letters to '^ Sir, I don't deny it," replied the male- 

him. In one of Mr. Thorp's curious and very factor, stamping his foot violently on the 

interesting Catalogues of Autographs, is *' No. floor ; ^ I only want to know what businesa 

lUlO, Sterne's (Laurence) Original Autograph I had in the world to bum houses 1" 

MS., 23 pages 8vo., entitled, * The Fragment,' ** Houses !" said the ordinary,—" What I 

complete, 3/. V6», Hd, An interesting and ex- have you been guilty of this crime more than 

tremely scarce autograph. It contains some once <" 

cancelled passages not printed at all." '' I have," answered the culprit, " and I 

iTo be concluded in our next, ) couldu't help it ; were I at liberty this mo- 

ment, I should do the same again ; I cant 

an f r' M T^ resist it. Were this prison built of inflam- 

flUUUC journals. mable materials, and had I a light, I should 

set fire to it, even with the certain knowledge 

PRASER s MAGAZINE. NO. cxxxiii. of my owu destruction in the conflagration.^ 

January, 1841. « You are a fatalist, then," said the mi- 

[Nero was guilty of arson in a grand shape, nister, ** and probably have persuaded yonr- 

for he set great Rome a-blaze; but the magni- self that you are not responsible for your own 

tude of his mischief saved him from being hung acts. If this be so, the sooner you are made 

on the crucifix of his day. Our ' Incendiary,' sensible of your error, the better it will be 

however, with aspirations that way quite as for you." 

vasty as King Nero's, was only prevented from « i have never, sir, thought about fotalism," 

actiM with equal efticiency by having his pow- replied the unhappy man, " t only know & 

^T-nJf^hL^n? ^»«d straitened. Only have j ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^f^^^ ^^ ^^ f^ ^ ^ 

r^^f^^^ni^:f^^lt::'Z'^^^^ ^^^^ !<> - ^-d blaLg d, J, never &Ued 




fire. I have had several narrow escapes from 

THE INCENDIARY. being bumt, and now more's the pity I did 

The sullen and reserved conduct of W. escape. I was, however, saved by a watchfhl 

S., charged with the crime of arson, pre- mother, as it seems, for a worse fate. Why 

viously to his trial, induced the ordinary to don't they burn people, instead of ll1^nging 

make it his especial business to watch strictly them I I would rather be bnmt than hung. 



THE MIRROR. i7 

lir ; I would, indeed. Well, well ! it muft atmoepliere, nothing ooold reetnin him from 

Ve, and I couldn't help it. leaving home to diseoTer where the fire wm^ 

** Don*t talk in that manner, man !" re- that he might enjoy the tpeetaele. Latterly, 

pHed the minister. "Couldn't help it, in- if pobsible, his desire for these sigjIitsinoreaMdi 

deed ! You know that yon set fire to the as he often complained bitterly of the unfre- 

Iwnse, to rerenge yourself on whom you sup- quency of their occnrrenoe. He has at hone 

posed your enemy, and I see no circumstance a collection of prints and pictures, represent- 

of palliation in your ease^ — " ing the confiagrations that have happened in 

*' Ah, sir ! you don't know my history ; this country, from the great fire of London, 

but my mother could teU you all about it" — down to the present time. It is an extraor- 

Herated the prisoner, as he paced to and fro in dinary taste. Beyond that, he has a kind 

eTident agony of miud. " Unfortunate son, heart, and is a good son, and it is my couTic- 

unhappy mother I Oyer and oyer again saved tion that he did not plan or contemplate the 

from fire, to see him hanged I — cruel, cruel firing of the premises for which he is con- 

boBiness for her I" He then suddenly stood demned." 

still, and exclaimed. " But it is not my There was nothing otherwise peculiar in 

&ult, sir ; it is not, indeed I I couldn't help this malefactor's character or conduct bevond 

it ; 1 had no object but to make a good blaze, that of his having cherished or indulged hii 

in which I always delighted, and feel even propensity for witnessing fires, till his mind 

BOW that I should eig'oy the thing again 1 became morbidly affected on the subject. It 

The shavings aud straw laid so very tempt- appears also, to have been his belief that he 

ingly near to the timber, that I couldn't re- was irresponsible— as he said, predestined to 

sist the opportunity ; I thought of nothing at make fires. The state of his mind, however, 

the time, but seeing a good fire — a good will be better explained by the following le- 

loaringlLre;" rubbing his hands, as if in de- marks on himself, which he placed in the 

light at the thoughts of it. hands of a person as he left the cells for the 

Ita the course of the day his mother, who last time, 
was a very respectable person in the middle CA Copy. J 

walks of life, inade application to see him, and ** It will be soon all over with me as le- 

from her the following particulars of his gards this life; and, as I believe I shall have 

penchant for fires were obtained : — a free pardon from my Maker, I now care 

** The Almighty," she said, ** gentlemen, little about one from the king. 

has been pleas^ to afflict me by making me '* The place I would choose for my last 

the mother of one of the most extraordinary earthly bed is St. Sepulchre's churchyard, in 

BOOS that periiaps ever lived. If he had been sight of the gallows, because it is the neuest 

an idiot, or insane, I could have borne it ; spot to that where my soul will be separated 

bot, on the contrary, I Uiink him rather sen- from my body. I should, if it were possible, 

nble. He is reasonable, I may say, on all like to be buried in an asbestos shroud, as I 

labjects but one, and that one has caused me am told that it is fireproof. Respecting my 

I lift of misery. 1 have been obliged to be life, nobody has any business with that now; 

always at his side, or he would be at the fire, yet, as the world is curious in these matters, I 

like a moth at. the lighted candle, and every will endeavour to gratify it. Know, then, 

moment of his existence has been one of first, that I loved a good fire from my birth. 

danger frt>m ^se. V/hen an infant in arms. When old enough, I ran after the first house 

he was an exception to the rule, that ' a burnt on fire I heard of, and never afterwards could 

diild dreads ^e fire ;' for again and again banish it out of my remembrance. I thought 

he made attempts to snatch at the flame it a most magnificent sight, far more glorious 

of a candle, and no sooner was he on his feet, than anything I could have pictured to my 

than he began to thrust everything he could imagination. I then regarded it as if the 

move, into the grate. During his infancy his world itself were on fire, and all the people in 

clothes hAve several times been on fire, as nu- it were about to be burnt. Yet I did not sor- 

meroftts scars on his body and limbs will prove row for it, but rather wished it might be so. 

when he was able, if not watched with the After a time I was apprenticed, but I then 

most persevering vigilance, he was sure to thought more of fires than of my business. 

make bonfibres in the back-yard, of any com- When I read of the burning of Moscow, I re- 

bnstible materials he could collect. As he member I turned very sulky from mortifica- 

grew older, he took to running after the fire- tion and vexation that I was not there, and 

engines, in which pursuit I lost all control even refused work for some time. 

over him. I have often blamed myself for *^ Just before my articles expired, I quar- 

loddng him up. to prevent his going after relied with my master, and twice attempted to 

them, thinking, perhaps it made him hanker set his house on fire; but I was detected in 

«fter the fires the more; but I cannot say, the act and the fire prevented. These are 

there was no knowing what to do with him. the only fires I ever attempted from malice; 

" Up to the day of his apprehension, he was though I must admit, that when I saw large, 

in the hdbit of rising in the middle of the fine houses, which people lived in, I envied 

luf^t to go after the euAnes, if he heard them them, and thought what nice fires tiiey would 

PMi in the street; or if im saw a light in the make. 



M THE MIHKOR. 

*< At I consider myself now under confes- ROBBERS ABROAD. 

«on, I »«]™<>^\«J«f_*^' f^„ » ^Z? ^"""^ ^^^-"^ ^'«/''-« Basil Hairs " P«^cA..«r* •] 

time, I set fire to two nouses; first one in ' 

which I had lodgings, and another where I was [Some travellors have their hands on their 

inllie habit of going to see an acquaintance. sword-hilts the whole of their journey, and 

^ The chaplain has inquired of me, * Whe- bare the blade at the veriest shadow, dread- 
ther I was not restrained by the apprehension ing it may be a Carbonaro or assassin. The 
of infiimyy or the dread of punishment, when foUowiug opinions, however, of a brave officer, 
I premeditated the enjoyment of a conflagra- upon unnecessary demonstrations of courage, 
tiont* I unequivocally answer, 'No!' I never where the end does not justify the means, 
inquired whether it would offend the Deity, or may,, by their quiet reason, correct these ex- 
injure my fellow men, for, when the opportu- travaganzas: — ] 

idty offered, I was solely intent on the means ^ I never allowed a sword or pistol," sayi 

beilore me of committing my offence; my in- the gallant captain, ^ or any other kind of 

genuity was tasked more to effect the firing of weapon, to be carried in my carriage. Even 

the building, so as to avoid failure, rather when I was not commander-in-chief of the 

than providing against detection, and it is a party, on my first visit to Italy, I had influ- 

matter of surprise how I continued to escape ence enough to persuade my companions that 

80 long. it was by far the wisest plan to travel totally 

" In my eargemess to pursue my course, I unarmed. In the first place, if a gentleman 

had no pity in my eye. I cherished no feel- have arms in his hands, he feels called upon to 

ings of love for any one — no sense of justice, use them if attacked, and, whatever be the 

To all the proprieties, so much talked of by odds against him, he must fight it out as he 

men, T vras insensible and imperturbable. I best can. In war, the stake of honour is such 

sought thedarknessofthenightto carry out my a high one, that life or limb must count foi 

purposes ; and when the morning sun shewed nothing in the game. But in pleasure-travel- 

me the small extent of my mischief, I always ling, when the only consideration is that of ft 

felt disappointment, and brooded over new watch, or of a few ducats, it does seem immea- 

plans to pursue the same work of destruction, surable foUy to incur, not merely the risk, but 

^ Sometimes I fancied myself designed to almost the certainty of being wounded, if not 

improve London by burning down unhealthy killed, as poor Mr. and Mrs. Hunt were at 

districts, and thereby finding work for the Psestum, for making fight rather than give up 

poorer labouring classes. In my imagination their purses. 

I traced all the improvements of the metropo- The brigands of Spain, Italy, and otha 

lis by fires from the time of William I., when countries in which such lawless deeds are mads 

London was burnt down from Aldgate to the a matter of business, can always ascertain, 

Fleet river, including the Palatine tower, the beforehand, at the inns where the traveUen 

stones of which were used for the building of stop, what are the numbers and force of tJie 

St. Paul's Church. P^^J? fti^d what the description of their wea- 

** What, too, would the other towns of Eng- pons. With such exact information, tiiey 

land be, I said to myself, had it not been for would be greater fools than we know tibem to. 

fires 1 The reign of Henry I. was the time be, if they failed to take local advantage of 

for this glorious work. London was again the strangers, and to attack them at sooh 

burnt down; likewise Worcester, Rochester, times and in such manner as to ensure thsn 

Chichester, Winchester, Bath, Gloucester, Lin- the victory. At best, what are we to gain ii 

coin, and Peterborough. This was no partia- such a struggle? It is, certainly, very diaa- 

lity on the part of the fire-king. Still his greeable to be robbed; butwouldit be aplea> 

reign has been principally confined to the great sant item in our diary to record that we had 

eity of London: for we find that, in the reign shot a Calabrian peasants or even that we hsd 

of Stephen, he again burnt London ; so that, wounded half-a-dozen of them in the scnffle! 

within fifty years, this tovm was, for the most On the other hand, even if we escaped the 

part of it, three times destroyed by fire. Then terrible fate of the travellers above aUuded ts^ 

again, in 1485, and 16«Hd, there were great the fact of our having beaten off the robbeni 

fires ; and, lastly, the greatest of all happened and saved our ten or twenty scudi, and anoU 

in 1666. He, however, prior to this, had laid turnip of a watch, would scarcely make «p 

bis hands on St. Paul's spire, which he bui-nt, for a shot through the arm, or, mayluHh 

and, also, on York Minster; but he did his through our nose, to say nothing of the anni 

work better than Martin, who was a decided and noses of the ladies of our party, 
bnngler. 

*^ As the work of destruction of material 

fbrms must go on, in every department of the 

world, I conclude by saying that I think fire St. Atbanasius.— So preciously did Abbtf 

IB the clearest mode of effecting all the changes Cosmas esteem the vnritings of Athananu^ 

in nature ; and now that I think it, instead of that he says, (apud Johannem Moschnm, L i» 

being buried, I should prefer that my body be c. 40.) << If you find a piece of the works of 

burnt, and the ashes therefrom submitted to St. Athanasius, copy it on your garmenti^ if 

the winds." you have no paper to write upon.'' 



THE MIHROK. 



A LOVE-SONG FROM iESCHYLUS. 

IFrum th* from, Vinet, of^ichylu$, terft 919— 94S.] 

of our readers will inTolnntftrily smile at the idea of iEeehylat' — Bolenm and iiapor- 
I JEsefaylas — temporizing in a love^song ; and wonder where, in his Opera gum 
tmnia, exists so tender and dulcet a thing. Bat to annihilate doabt, his own yersea 
I ail Haynes Bayley's canzonets, and ohi^oung as any marriage-hymn of CatuUos — 
w placed parallelly with our own. 

tOyihe maiden alluded to, was the daughter of King Inaohus, who having aspired to the 
18 of Joye, was in reyenge transformed by Juno into a homed cow, such as tho 
Dsr at this day adore, and driyen, in punidiment of her ambition, by torments over 
My pursued by the hundred-eyed herdsman — Argus. 

H ao^s^ 4 <rot^s, ^¥ hs 

irpiht 4¥ yv^ 

/Hot Ti^* 4fiiffrwr€, irol y\4(r- 

Of 9i€fAtf$ok^yri<r€tf, 

&s rb Ki|8cv- 

fftu KtiB kavrhy iptertv 

f 1 fuucp^ 



r wfae was he who sung— 

tf this truth from hb h<me)--f«il tongve 

y|ag well cousidtfred this— 

pis Ikr a Marriagte is 

mOs along with their eqaali wed— 

ah he etraight in thb distich laid— 

I best when thou wilt married be, 

wed with one of a like degree.'* 

apotent thing and a vain 
Mtai who doth b} her handiemft gain, 
- T^ and a livelihood small, 
■r flie lord of a golden hall, 
IV tilbira to spangle her liead, 
Ibr the down of a swan-sofi bed. 
I best when thou wilt married be, 
wed with one of a like degnse.'* 

Vstes, he it yours to behold 
id by a god in voluptooiis fold 1 

Viatas, may the lot be mine, 
bs grace be great, and the pleasure divine, 
la my xone, or surrender my love 
BWMest God of the Gods above I 
I best when thou wilt married be* 
wed with one of a like"degree.** 



' with ftsar, and laint with affright, 
lioa of lo's deplorable plight ; 
1 l^rgin 1 who, not content 
tel love for a mortal meant. 
betxv Juno's implacable In^ 
1 and ponish'd. through water and firs, 
when tliOtt wilt marriSd be. 



wed with one of a like degree." 

iaysb when 'tis in the same degree, 

■fit MS like, gives no terror to me; 

Mf nato my bosom* heart glide. 

Be timt by mcnrtal may not be denied, 

le ■ whose supremacy, beauty, and splendour, 

— Tt" makl's soul into instant surrender. 

I btst when thou wilt mamed be, 

wed with (me of a like degree.'* 

MS avcM f— -they engender a fight 
t dt to be fought.— Irresistible might 
dy be Conqueror ! In such a case 
foald ondoubtedly carry tlie chase I 
•sares or stratagems can I foresee 
)d I eonld ever escape from or flee. 
1 1^ when thou wilt married be, 
wsd witli one of a like degree.* 



— jfol fjetfn r&y wAoi^ 
T^ dialBfnnrrofUtwy, 
tiffn riv y4tf' 
p<f iM/yt^wofAiwwf 



poi • ♦ ♦ 

riip€Uf ttour0§ iriXmtffa^ 
li.^ irKaBtl- 

ohptofov' 



rapfiA yhp iurrtp' 
ydyopa xapBtvlay 
tUrofwa' 'I- 
ovs ftdya hcarroiUvay 
9i/(nrAdi'oif *Hpas AAorc^of. 



E/iol V Sti fikif 6fAMXhs 6 ydfMs 



*Av6\€fjun ttc y'6 irS\€fMSf Awopa 
w6pifJLos. ovS' ^x^ ^^ ^ ywoiikw 
riuf A«^f T^p o^ ipw 
fi9i^Uf 8ira (f^^ifi* ^» 



tt 



W. Abchkr. 




#• THE MlKROll. 

SECOND FUNERAL OF NAPOLEON, one moment-H>Be particular moment— wbiB 

the uniTenal people feels a shock, and is fwr 
[Mb. M. a. Titmarsh, in his account of the that second serious. Bat except for that le- 
xeoent inurnment of Napoleon,* draws the cond of time, I declare I saw no serionsntii 
following gn^hio picture of the ceremony:—] beyond that of ennui. The church began te 
^ Imprimis came men with lighted staves, fill with personages of all ranks and condi- 
and set fire to, at least, ten thousand of wax tions. First, opposite our seats, came a con- 
candles, that were hanging in brilliant chande- pany of fat grenadiers of the National Guard, 
liers, in yarious parts of the chapel. Curtains who presently, at the word of command, put 
were dropped oyer the upper windows as these their muskets down against benches tad 
illuminations were effected, and the church was wainsooats, until the arriyal of the processim. 
left only to the funereal light of the sperma- For seyen hours, these men formed the object 
eeti. To the right was the dome, round the of the most anxious solicitude to all the ladies 
cavity of which, sparkling lamps were set, and gentlemen seated on our benches. They 
that designed the shapeofit brilliantly against began to stamp their feet, for the cold was 
the durlmess. In the midst, and where the atrocious, and we were frozen where we sst. 
altar used to stand, rose the catafklque. And Some of them fell to blowing ^eir fingen, 
why not ! Who is god here but Napoleon ! one executed a kind of dance, such as one 
and in him the sceptics have already ceased soes often here in cold weather : the indifi- 
to believe, but the people does still somewhat, dual jumps repeatedly on one lea, and kieki 
He and Louis XIV., divide the worship of out the other violently, meanwhile his hi^ 
the place between them. As for the cata- are flapping across his chest. Some fellowi 
falque, the best that I can sav for it is, that opened tiieir cartouche-boxes, and took from 
it is really a noble and imposmg-looking edi- them eatables of various kinds. You can't 
fice,r-" " • ^ ' • *^^~^»- = .-1-— .. « 

with 
allusions, 

burning spirits of wine, stand round this kind ^^ Englishman, * for 1 hadn't a morsel of 
of dead-man's throne ; and, as we saw it (by breakfast,' and so on. This is the way, my 
peering over the heads of our neighbours in dear, that we see Napoleon buried. ♦ ♦ • 
the front rank), it looked, in the midst of the '* At last, the real procession came. Then 
black concave,- and under the effect of half-a- the drums began to beat as formerly, the 
thousand flashing cross-lights, properly grand Nationals* to get under arms, the clergymen 
and tall. The effect of the whole chapel, were sent for, and went, and presently — yes, 
however (to speak the jargon of the painting- there was a tall cross-bearer at the head of 
room), was spoiled by being cut up — there the procession, and they came back 1 They 
were too many objects for the eye to rest upon, chanted something in a weak, snuffling, lugu- 
The ten thousand wax candles, for instance, brious manner, to the melancholy bray of a 
in their numberless twinkling chandeliers, the serpent. Crash ! however, Mr. Habeneck and 
raw tranchant colours of the new banners, the fiddlers in the organ-loft pealed out a wild 
wreaths, bees, N's, and other emblems, dotting shrill march, which stopped the revdrend 
the place all over, and incessantly puzding, gentlemen ; and, in the midst of this mdsiey 
or rather bothering, the beholder. High over and of a great trampling of feet and clatter- 
head, in a sort of mist, with the glare of their ing) and of a great crowd of generals and ofll- 
original coloprs worn down by dust and time, oei^s in fine clothes, with the Prince de Join- 
hung long rows of dim, ghostly-looking stan- ^Uo marching quickly at the head of the pro- 
dards, captured, in old days, from the enemy, cession, and while every body's heart was 
They were, I thought, the best and most thumping as hard as possible. Napoleon's 
solenm part of the show. To suppose that coffin passed. It was done in an instant. A 
the people were bound to be solemn during box, covered with a great red cross, a dingy- 
this ceremony, is to exact from them some- looking crovm lying on the top of it, seaiMi 
thing quite needless and unnatural. The very on one side, and Invalids on the other; they 
fact of a squeeze dissipates all solemnity. One bad passed in an instant, and were up tba 
great crowd is always, as I imagine, pretty aisle. A &int, snuffling sound as before, was 
much like another : in the course of the last heard from the officiating priests, but we knew 
few years, I have seen three : that attending of nothing more. It is said that old Louis 
the coronation of our present sovereign, that Philippe was standing at the catafalque, whi- 
which went to see Courvoisier hanged, and ther the Prince de Joinville advanced, and 
this which witnessed the Napoleon ceremony, said, ' Sire, I bring you the body of the Em- 
The people so assembled, for hours together, peror Napoleon.' Louis Philippe answeredf 
are jocular rather than solemn, seeking to * I receive it in the name of France.' Ber* 
pass away the weary time, with the best trand put On the body, the most gloriooa, fie* 
amusements that will offiBr. There was, to be torious sword, that ever has been forged sins* 
rare, in all the scenes above lUluded to, just the apt descendants of the first murda^ 

' ♦ Second Funeral of Napoleon : in Three Letters to l«*n»®d hoW tO hammer steel, and the tM^ 

Mks Smith. [Cuuuiugham.] was placed in thf temple prepared for i^ 



THE MIRROR. CI 

The nx hundred ringen and fiddlers now his corps, which drew off to one side to aUow 

oommeneed playing and singing of a piece of it to pass. 

mnsic ; and a part of the crew of the Belle As the company adranced, the Khan dashed 
Ponle skipped into the places that had been his heels into the flanks of his charger, and 
kept for them under us, and listened to the flew to meet it; Kasim saw him halt suddenly, 
musie, chewing tobacco. While the actors and present the hilt of his sword to one who, 
md fiddlers were going on, most of the spirits- from his appearance, and the humility of the 
of-wine lamps, or altars, went out. When Khan's attitude, he felt assured could be no 
we arrived in the open air, we passed through other than the Sultaun. 
the court of the Inralides, where thousands of Jnst then, one of those bulls which the be- 
people had been assembled, but where the lief of the Hindoos teaches them are incama- 
benehee were now quite bare. Then we came tions of divinity, and which roam at luge in 
on to the terrace before the Place : the old every bazar, happened to cross the road lanly 
soldiers were firing off the great guns, which before the royal party. The attendant spear- 
made a dreadful stunning noise, and fright- man strove to drive it on ; but, not accns- 
eued some of us, who did not care to pass tomed to being interfered with so rudely, it 
before the cannon and be knocked down, even resisted their shouts and blows with the butt- 
by the wadding. The guns were fired in hon- end of their spears, and menaced them witii 
oar of the king, who was going home by a its horns. 

back door. All the forty thousand people There ensued some little noise; and Kasim, 

who eovered the great stands hrfore the hotel, who was watching the Sultaun, saw him ob- 

had gone away too. The imperial barge had serve it. ** A spear, a spear !" he heard him 

beea dragged up the river, and was lying cry; and, as one of the attendants handed him 

lendy along the quay, examined by some few one, he exclaimed to his suite — 

sfaiyering people on the shore. It was five ** Now, friends, for a hunt I Yonder fellow 

o'eloek when we reached home : the stars menaces us, by the prophet t Who will strike 

were shining keenly out of the frosty sky, and a blow for Islam, and help me to destroy this 

Fraii9oi8e told me that dinner was just ready, pet of the idolaters 1 — May their mothers be 

■In this manner, my dear Miss Smith, the defiled! Follow me!" And, so saying, he 

great Napoleon was buried. Farewell." ^'ff ^ ^ noble horse forwards. 

The bull, seeing himself pursued, turned for 

an instant with the intention of fiight, but it 

JZftD sOOhtf. was too late ; as it turned, the spear of the 

Sultaun was buried in its side, and it stag- 

Tippoo Sultaun, — A Tale of the Mytore gered on, the blood pouring in torrents fh>Bi 

War. By Capt. Meadows Taylor. [Bent- the gaping wound, while it bellowed with 

ley] : 1841. pain. One or two of the attendants followed 

rPanvMSiON of historic truth, however bril- T example ; and the Sultaun continued to 

&atly it may be managed, is actually nothing P*^® "»1 weapon mto the unresisting ammal 

irfbre than moral peijury; and the romancist, "„"** " "« ^^^ <^^ i* o«i*» «ntU at Ust it 

whenever guilty of the distortion, ought to be '^^1, groaning heavily, having only run a few 

sab^eeted to magistratual correction. White yft^ds. 

ss IS the garment of Truth, it is shameful to see ^ Shabash, shabash ! f well done, well done !) 

the tawdry jangles and ^ false deceits'' that who could have done that but the Sultaun ! 

sre daily stack upon her virgin robe;— paste Inshalla; he is victorious !— he is the slayer 

gew-gaws. which in unpractised eyes are un- of man and beast !— he is the bravo in war, 

Mngmshable from the pure water-diamonds. and the skilful in hunting ! " cried all the at- 

TMs ones aloud for the interference of the tendants and courtierd. 

«wsplMtoryAouldnolonprbe«aly^^ B„t th^^ ^^^ ^j^ ^ 

Phet" — ^ hewing asunder"^must make Dagon ^^„*^ xu^;, u„x^ • -y^i^ u * !•** ' 

a, for the safe of our sons and childJSn. ^«?.^ *1»«^J^ ^^ ^ 8il«ft, bjt bitter curses, 

«Tlppoo Sultaun" is finely writ, but-guilty —Brahmins, to whom the slaughter of this 

of ^t which cancels every other merit— "*™ animal was impiety not to be sur- 

eomes before the public farced fiill of garbled P^^d. 

truth.] ''Ha!" cried the Sultaun, looking upon 

TIPFOO SULTAUK'S BULL AND BRAHMIN HUNT. t^ PJ^^^ ??® ^^ ^^^"* had di^gUSfc pUmily 

.•<^rvvov.« w o M,x,MsMs ^^^ M»M^amis* huiii. marked on his countenance, "ha, thou dost 

As we rode onwards through the bazar of not like this ! By the soul of Mahomed, we 

tiie outer town, we saw at the end of the street will make thee like it. Seize me that fellow, 

a cavalcade approach, evidently that of a per- Furashee t " he cried fiercely, ^ and smear his 

•on of rank. A number of spearmen preceded face with the bull's blood ; that will teach him 

it miming very fastly, and shouting the titles to look vdth an evil eye on his monarch's 

•r a person vdio was advancing at a canter, amusements." 

followed byabfilliant group, clad in gorgeous The order was obeyed literally ; and, ero 

apparal, doth-of-gold, and the finest muslins, the man knew what was said, he was seised by 

tad many In ehun-armour, which glittered a number of the powerful attendants ; his face 

brightly in the snn. £re Kasim could ask was smeared with the warm blood, and some 

vho it was, the eort^ was near the head of of it forced into his mouth. 



62 THE MIRROR. 

''Enough !" cried the Sultaun, leaning back the fire and filtered it into a ftaak, whici 

in his saddle as he watched the scene ; and, oorked up and left to itself. In a few w< 

laughing immoderately, pointed to the really he found that crystals were formed, which 

ludicrous but disgusting appearance of the hibited all the physical and chemical pro; 

Brahmin ; who, covered with blood and dirt, ties of cane sugar. Having submitted sev 

was vainly striving to sputter forth the abomi- other vegetable substances to the same ti 

nation which had been forced into his month, ment, he found that they all yielded suga 

and to wipe the blood fVom his face, '^Enough! different proportions, but none of then 

bring him before us. Now make a lane in front much as the beet. 

and give me a spear Away with thee I" he It was Achard, also a chemist of Bei 

eried to the Brahmin, " 1 will give thee a fair who invented the first method of making 1 

start ; but if I overtake thee before yonder sugar on a large scale, and at a moderate 

inming, thou art a dead man, by Alia ! " pense. He first announced this result in 1' 

The man turned at ouce, and fled with the In 1799, a letter from him was inserted 

utmost speed that terror could lend him ; the French periodical, entitled *' The Annal 

SuUaon waited awhile, then shouted his fa- Chemistry,*' in which he gave the detail 

vourite cry of *^ Alia yar ! " and, followed by this method. 

his attendants, darted at full speed after the In 1811, Mr. Drapiez, of Lille, worked A 
fugitive. The Brahmin, however, escaped five tons of beets, from which he obtaine< 
down the narrow turning, and the brilliant per cent, of brown, and 1^ percent.of refi 
party rode on, laughing heartily at their sugar. In the winter of the same year, 
amusement. experimenter at Paris succeeded in obtaii 
44 per cent from white beets, raised at a < 

^tti nM ^citWCti. siderable distance from Paris, and witl 

» * manure. This was the first essay in Frs 

NEW COINAGE FOR 1841. I^^^^^^ approximated to the results of Achi 

. jf ■ • L • ^ I^ ^^ made by Mr. Charles Derosne, and ' 

A BEAOTIPUL specimen of new coins has just 4^4^^ ;„ «,', Moniteur. It4emonstn 

lMH.nM«edfrom the Mint, consisting of penny t„^ faulty had been the selection of M 

pieces. They are materiaUy different from and the mode of culture, 

those now in use, as there is no lettering upon After the 8nal overthrow of Napoleon 

them, with the exception of the date 6n one Waterloo, the price of refined su^, wl 

side IS a most excdlent medallion likeness of ^^^ jhe chief consumption of France, fel 

her present _Majesty, nchly and elaborately twalve c™i« a nonnd. Still, t^ fl,« .nrirf. 




mZ^^M^r'fi^^^^^^^ ^ri'/strhe^^rrfin^Fi^^irb'^!; 

pieces, under which is placed the date. The a„^- »«o«»fi.«f/^,.joo ;« «rv«,«*i«« « j o# 

?utsid'e of the rim is pe?fectly smooth but it 3LTor^rstlLTom A ?he^ 

pro" irtfe fi^rn Ty>^'^^Zt ff ?"«*?-' ^T' '^^' •'°^«^' 

ir«vi>«vMvtx »y »i^ u^txij vu laic uuuj vTuou lu factoncs m opcratiou, and 66 m consti 

use. The die from which this new issue has xj^„ mu^ r.«/wi«-#j/v« ^f ♦k^ k^^* wiwm 

heen made is highly creditable to the ad- t^^'^ZS^h^?V^ am^^ 

_ J J. A * XV _j. • J.1-' J. J tones averages aoout zOO.OOOlbs. each : 80 1 

^oed state of the ari» m tius country, and ^^ „^|„„ fo, the 203 factories kno 

Ae fimsh of the coins produced m working ^^ ^^J^ }„ ^^^^ ^s of the Continent besi 

*rom it cannot be exceUed in the most vain- y„„^^ 40,600,000 lbs. of sugar, mak^ 

meta s. ^^^j g^mmj^j production of beet sugar in ] 

rope about 150,000,000 lbs. In Austria i 

MANUFACTURE OF BEET SUGAR.* Italy also, the busiuess has been commea 

Sal?, r^re^*^Mmr~iJs^ 3Sr='t.r^eir^"''", 

S±"l."^''c!^stSS7' *"' ^'-'T na'"?airoff fn m^i^fwh^rwet 

contains a good crystalhzable sugar. His at- -q* ^^t the returns-— 

tention was first attracted to the subject by * ^ returns. 
the saccharine savour of the beet, and the 
crystalline appearance of its flesh when ex- 
amined with a microscope. Having cut some 
beets into thin slices, he dried perfectly and 
then pulverized them. To eight ounces of the 
powder, he added sixteen of highly-rectified 

iH'Si^d trls*^nt*«iis*r2s'^ S'j^^'f'r *» *' •'^.r^.<^.?o» «- 

he..eatotheboiU„gpoint,heremov^itfrom ^T roLfZyr^M'^ 

• From " Tiie Cultnre of the Beet, and Mannfac. ^^^ paper-making five times its value as D 

ture of Beet SuKar." By David Lee ChUd. Boston, for animals. In England, Ml. Ryan has < 



1832-3 - ■ 


■ - 22,000,000 lbs. 


1833-4 - . 


. - 33,000,000 


1834-5 - ■ 


■ - 44,000,000 


1835-6 - . 


. - 66,000,000 


1836-7 - • 


. - 107,000,000 


1837-8 - - 


- 112,000,000 



THE MIRROR. 



6S 



tained a patent for making paper of beet- 
Toots after the juice is expressed. We haye 
seen Tarions specimens of paste-board, and of 
fimn and durable wrapping-paper, made of 
this new material. We are informed that 
good printing paper has been made chiefly of 
the same material ; and it is confidently ex- 
pected that fine writing paper will be pro- 
duced. The immense and increasing denutnd 
for paper, and the yast commerce now carried 
on in rags, are sufficient proof of the import- 
ance of this application of the beet-root 
pulp. 

BIItDS IN A LAMP-POST. 

Im the Spring of the year 1839, a pair of Tom- 
HUf bmlt a nest in the cast-iron column of a 
lamp-post, standing at the comer of Parrock 
awi Union Streets, in the town of Gravesend, 
m Kent. The binis were seen going in and 
out, and on examination, the nest was found 
a d^ort distance from the top of the column, 
and contained four young ones, which were 
soffered to remain until they were fiedged, 
when they flew away. The opening at the 
top of the lamp-post, or column, was about 
two inches in (tiameter, and rather larger 
lower down, where the nest was built. We 
may remark, that the lamp post stands at the 
edge of the curb of the foot-pavement in Par- 
rock Street, along which there is a consider- 
able traffic of both carriages and foot-passen- 
gers, and that the said lamp was regularly 
lighted up every night, during the time the 
birds remained, without its appearing in any 
way to annoy Uiem. L. P. S. 

TREES. 

The history of trees is coeval with that of 
man. Our first parents in Paradise had their 
trees ; and though the tree of life, with others 
pieaahig to the sight, were lost at the fall, 
eneagh has snrviv^ this wreck of all things, 
to interest ns in their propagation. They 
come down to us hallowed by the first circum- 
stanoes of interest upon earth, and loaded, as 
it were, with the associations of poets and 
philosophers, and holy men of old. They were 
at *'the beginning" of the beautiful apparel 
which Nature put on in her dewy infancy, 
ere yet she had become estranged from her 
Maker, and when her happy home was the 
garden " eastward in Eden." — Gr%gor'9 East- 
ern Arboretum, 

AURICULAS OP the SWISS ALPS. 

These may be supposed to experience intense 
cold in winter ; but this is not the fact ; 
eorered with warm snow, thej lie buried till 
the return of spring, protected from the se- 
ntest weather. )^on as the snow melts, 
they begin to feel ike excitement of brilliant 
lifpt, and unfold beneath the pure and equable 
atmosphere. 



jfMrtropolttan Sftrmtmitfmireitf. 

Mary-le-hone. — This parish was primarily 
the manor of Mary Bourne, to which was 
appended Mary Bourne Park. It had a 
church dedicated, originally, to St. Mary, near 
the Bourne rivulet, or brook of Ty, or Ty- 
bourne. Bourne, by the omission of the let- 
ters ur, readily become Bone; hence. Mar- 
row-hone with many, and le-bon, or Mary 
the good, Pepys, in his Memoirs, calls the 
place Marrowbone-fieldt, 

Portpool Lane, takes its name from its 
formerly being part of the manor of Purtpole, 
alias Portpole, belonging to the ancient fin- 
mil v of the Grays, from anno 22, Edward T., 
until the reign of Henry VII. 

On the spot where *Doilep*e Warehouse, 
Strand, now stands, was Wimbledon House, 
a large mansion, built by Sir Edward Cecil, 
third son of Thomas, Earl of Elxeter. Stowe, 
in his Annals, says, ''that it was burned quite 
down in November 1628 ; and, that the day 
before, his lordship had the misfortune also of 
having part of his house at Wimbledon, in 
Surry, blown up by gunpowder." At the back 
of Doiley's, towards Exeter Street, may now 
be seen the last remnant of the saloon of the 
Lyceum Theatre. 

Moorfields was, in the time of Edward II., 
of 80 little value, that the whole of it was let 
at the rate of four marks a year. It could 
only be passed on causeways raised for the 
benefit ox travellers. 

Lothhury, which will shortly have scarce a 
vestige remaining, was so called from a court 
anciently kept there. In Stowe's time, it was 
inhabited by brass founders, who cast candle- 
sticks, chamijg-dishes, mortars for pounding 
spices, &c. In Founder's Court, Lothbury, 
is a meeting-house, occupied, nearly the period 
of a century, by a Scot's Presbyterian congre- 
gation, and was the earliest of that denomi- 
nation in London, being collected in the reign 
of Charles II. The baths, with many adjoin- 
ing houses, were sold by auction, the 18th 
and Idth inst., on account of the Lothbury 
improvements. 

Leadenhall Market was formerly cele> 
brated for the sale of meat. Don Pedro de 
Ronquillo, the Spanish Ambassador, told King 
Charles the Second, that he believed there was 
more meat sold there in one week than in all 
the kingdom of Spain : and he was a very 
good judge. 

* There hnve been few shop* id tlie Metru|iolis tliat 
have arqairvd arrenter literary nutoriety, ttinn Doiley*t 
Warehoiwe. Meution b made of it, in aevurnl papers 
of tilt* S|M>ctator, as the i;rand emporium of gentlemen a 
night-gowns and ctips. from a very early period. They 
were eantU'uly confined by a Muh of yellow, red, blui*, 
green, &c. J, 



04 THE MIRROR. 

CONJURATION OF FAIRIES. Antient Custom.— At Bainbridgo, a town- 

Thb following account of the means that are f^P ^ the North Riding of York, there hu 

to be used when you wish to get a fairy, is long existed a custom of blowing » horn every 

extracted from an ancient manuscript in the Sl^^* at ten o»clock, from September 2/ th to 

British Museum:-First, get a broid square Shrove-tide, as a signal to the benighted tra- 

crystal, or Venice glass, in length and breadth ^®"o^^- ^- ^- ^• 

three inches; then lay that glass or crystal in Royai Society.— The Marquess of North- 

ihe blood of a white hen, three Wednesdays or ampton has issued cards of invitation to the 

three Fridays; then take it out and wash it Fellows of the Society, for toiriet on the fol- 

with hollyhock, and fUmigate it; then take lowing Saturdays, viz., Feb. '27th, March 18th 

three haael sticks, or wands of a year's growth ; ^^^ 27th, and April 3d. 
peel them fair and white, and make them long The Thlew-ee-choh, or Great Fith RSfeff 

enough to write the spirit or &iry'8 name on, North America. — It has a violent sodtoHaMl 

which yon are to call three times on every course of five hundred geographieaiiniki^'Ba^ 

stick; then bury them under some hill, where ning through an iron-rib!^ cmmtryy ivftliMl 

jou suppose fairies haunt, the Wednesday be- a single tree on the -whole line of itfl lfnh% 

fore you call her; and the Friday following expanding into fine lar|pe lake^ wttli flktf 

take them up, and call her at eight, or ten, or horizons, niost embarrassing to tne ■■fjiiilw; 

three of the clock, which are good planets and and broken into falls, oascadesy Mtdja^i^ii 

hours for that turn; bat when yon call be the number of no less than ulghiy tkum'to^tf 

elean in life, and turn your face towards the whole. 

east, and when you have her bind her to the Dancing.— The innocent and Oo Imff , 

crystal or glass. W. G.C. ^hile the dews of youth are upon tkea, 

dance to the music of their own hCNUte. *• AM 

CI)t 6nihtXtVm ^he blind beggar dance, the cripple ■ing." Dw 
* savages have their war-dance, and the high 

Sir David Wilkie, who has been some time J"** ^,*5^ .^JJ^'X conntiy their natiomil fig, 

in Constantinople, is engaged in taking a like- fj"^^*^^ ST*^ *^® tea-kettle, merrily daneeOi 

iiess of the Sultan, for heTMajes^T^ **»« P*'^'^^^ P«» <>'^ ^^"^ fire^ovd. 

The individual who is instrumental in .j^^UonKi^* mtarrwL^ 

S^^slCa*!^^^^ aiSuie crosses and cupoh^ of the churd^^ j 

A^iradicH^^^^^ l^^ri^^.ZvZ''^^^ ' 

and allow, is the consummation of love ; now ^^.i*. aTI^^ ^^ F*-/«f 

lexicographers say that consummation means ^^^ ^''^', , ^ ^ 

gf^fl^ The Prodigal Son. — There never was a 

rz/^..^. ..^ i.^^m;«« o^»i»,.!«^ M.M»». ""ore beautiful or affecting story than that of 

Otovetm becoming expensive matters the repentant prodigal. Subdnwi by suffering ; 

now. They are sometnnes wrought on the !" j III™ „V^ 

back with gold and silver thread^ and-but Jittif^ZT^^ inn^L^^^ 

At.:- :. ....^iT* ««'*i. -« ^»^»«:^..«i «».:.wi:»« lorgiveness, how toucning IS it. When the rati 

SliS^rr'^^vLTnow^^ *^»* ^^^^y ^>d« hislmacUted form »S ) 
of seed pearls. They are now made to button ^. ^ appeirance are about to be cast aaide; I 

up the arm, and the trimming at the top is °h"~*"«ff^*-"^«"*'' «»^«" ^^"^ **««• «»«• . 

composed of Uce and the brifhtest-hued fea- T^^*"^ ^^^, ^ W ^' ?I^*"g !» •^^l«f • 

SierTrhe buttons are usually of dead gold ^. Jf^^^;^ an?*hrSf^^ cI^P ^"^ ""~** 

or pearl, and come very expeisive.-i?4or/ w^d the "ug, and the fatted calf. 
of Paris Fashions. ^* ^^P'^ of Junius, vmtes Coleridge, is a 

0-- -•« D— v K« iiyr«>aa;n»^« . sort of metre, the law of which is a bafamM 

One in Peril, by Massmger :- ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ antithesis ; when he gets out ^ \ 

Of Klas. I walk yyy^Zos^x « .Ser this aphoristic metre intQ a sentence of five <pr 

or certain ruin., mine own wniithty fean SIX lines long, nothing can exceed the slovett- 

Crrtckiug wiiat shuuM support me." liness of the English. 

The bridge of glass does not here merely indi- The Face of the Dead.— There is aone* 

cate brittleness, but also transparency, through thing in the sight of a dead face whidi stia 

which he sees his ruin. the deepest feelings of the human heart. It 

A Geranium at a Window. — It was the is not easy to analyse this sentiment. It hM 

remark of £eigh Hunt, that it sweetens the in it wonder, tenror, curiosity, and inoreduUlj. 

air, rejoices the eye, links you with nature It is a great— ^r^a/ lesson. No living toagM 

and innocence, and is something to love. The can say so much as those doaed, pale, IoqimM 

venr feel of the leaf has a household warmth lips, and they have smiled, jested^ coBunaoiM-' 

in it, — something analogous to clothing and Light words have &llen from theoL 
eomfort. " ■ ....,..,. 

A Yankee AgHcultural Toa.,.-mj ou, .^^S'^Xr wW^,''^';iS"4^ 

farmers have good crops, flUI ears, heavy Bo0kutl6ria»dN0w$mm—l»PAHls,k»nUtkelmk' 

graes, and no small potatoes, gtlUrs — /» FRJNCFORT, CHARLBS JVOKL. 



'Efft iWti'fOt* 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 
I.J SATURDAY, JANUARY SO, 1841. [Pa 




00 THE MIRROR. 

LONGWOOD, should hftve been handed down to posterity 

THE RESIDENCE OP NAPOLEON, ST. HELENA. ^^ ^^^ «>y«| apartments in the Kremlin, m 

About a mile and a half beyond the tomb of ^^^^j^ occupant ; but the more unromantic. 
Napoleon, the road from James Town termi- worldly - mmded St. Helenites, apparently 
nates at a small lodge on the eastern side of consider broken window-frames, fragments of 
the Island. The gate is no sooner flung open, ^^^^ scattered over the floors, bUstered paint, 
than off springs the unwary traveller s half- ^^^^ ^mp remnants of what might once have 
starved, jaded-looking Rosinante, at the top y^^ p^p^r dangling from the inner walls, 
of his speed, along the turf, until he as sud- ^^^0 typical of the fortunes of him, who for 
denly comes to a dead halt at the httle trellis ^^^^^ ^^ come, will still cause thousands to 
portico at the gable-end of Longwood. Not- jog^e a pilgrimage to Longwood. The house 
withstandmg that the suddenness rf this j^ ^^^,1^ g^^^ ,^3 ^^^^ j^ occupied by one of 
transition from crawling along the high road, ^^ third-rate English farmers, and not a jot 
with the rider's whip, spur, and tongue all at ^^ ^^^^ for ^^ present occupant, whose mam 
full swing, too often surpnses him into m^- gapport appears to be derived from providing 
suring his length at the gateway, still lus his hungry seafaring visitors with a strangely 
ragged hackney, which has scarcely ever trod- indigestible lunch of stale bread, dry Dutch 
den any other path than that between Long- cheese, and sour beer. I see the man now in 
wood and James Town, strives, vnth a spint j^y mind's eye, leaning vnth his back against 
worthy of a Venetian race-horse, to be first at ^^ winnowing machine, and with a most pa- 
the goal. Of our party, one or two were un- tronizing air, saying, " Poor Boney, he was 
horsed at the entrance-gate, others lost their ^ g^^^d kind of man enough ; he died between 
stirrups in the helter-skelter, before they had ^^cse two vrindows : would you like anythmg 
passed the first cotton-tree, whUe several of ^ ^^ ^^ drink, gentlemen, after your ridel" 
the remainder, from the effects of the fuU- It is too true, alas ! that a vrinnowing machine 
stop shock at the Portico, made a species of occupies one side of the principal room. The 
leap frog movement over their horses ears, dimensions of this room are 22 feet by 15, the 
exhibiting the interesting ceremony of the entrance to it being through the portico. The 
koutou, which, as my Lord Amherst has ex- ^amp bedstead in which Napoleon slept at 
plained, consists in performing a senes of de- Austerlitz, vras phiced between the two win- 
votional thumps of the head on the floor, dows, (which are those nearest the portico in 
when the owner of the head m question has ^^c g^^cve sketch,) and at about six o'clock in 
the distinguished honour of being presented ^^^ evening of the 5th of May, 1821, he 
to the Emperor of all the Chinas. breathed his last, in the arms of his faithful 

The accompanying drawing, though a faith- followers, Montholon and Bertrand, at the 
ftU representation of the mam part. Long- age of 51 years and 9 months. Nineteen 
wood House, barely conveys an idea of the years elapsed from that time without any- 
wretched tenement m which Napoleon passed ^jji^g i,oing heard of these voluntary compa- 
80 many years of his life--onr cicerone, the ^iong i^ Napoleon's exUe ; but within the last 
tenant, waa apparently well hardened against f^^ months, fame has again been busy with 
indignant and strong remarks upon, not only ^heir names, in connexion with that of their 
the present pig-stye style of the place, but imperial master : the gaUant old Montholon 
also upon the selection of so paltry and un- jg ^ow commencing the 20 years " detention" 
comfortable an abode for Napoleon, as he ^o which he was sentenced, for being a parti- 
coolly observed that « it was o»ce the second cipator in Louis Napoleon's insane descent 
best house in the Island. I remember, on ^pon Boulogne, while Bertrand has returned 
the voyage to India, asking a mihtary fnend, j^ triumph with the remains of the duly ac- 
who had formerly served many years m the knowledged " Emperor," for their final inter- 
navy, how he had liked the maritime profes- ^gnt in the Hotel des Invalides. 
sion ; and his pithy reply beii^, Why, sir, ^e added our autographs to the thousands 
I would not send my enemy s dog to sea. I ^^h which the vrindows, the walls, and even 
very much doubt whether Longwood, at its ^^le winnowing machine, are scored and 
best estate, would have made anything but an scratched; and, tummg our horses' heads 
indifferent dog-kennel; as H^J^smen, how- away from the portico, descended towwrds 
ever, are thin upon the ground m bt. Helena, jjew Longwood, unanimously agreeing, that 
it has been converted to the more profitable had Napoleon faUen mto the power ofRussia 
pnnwse of a tlufeahing floor.* Enthusiastic or Prussia, or into the hands even of his Ans- 
folk, like myself, look upon these things as a trian ikther-in law, he could not by any possi- 
sad profiuiation, thinking that such a place y,[^^ ^aye been watched vrith more unsparing 
• longwood. the dwelliog of the exiled monarch, is rfgour, or subjected to more harsh and humi- 
eonverted to-day into a miU. and into which entrance liTtini; treatment than he wm while a. statA- 
i, to be obtained only on payment of three •hiUiun to "»wng ireatmcnx, tnau ne was wmie » SWOp 
the proprietor. We went over the apartments, little prisoner at bt. Helena. E. T. C. 

more than mean, even n the time of their splendour. 
It was here that of old stood the bed of Napoleon, but j^ ^ f^^^^ Number vrill be given a View 

k"heu j"i'<SaZniT-X^/r^^^^ ^^^ Description of New Longwood, the in. 

> £6e..S^t. 9. I8i0. . tended abode of Napoleon, 



^^ 



THE MlllUOR. (17 

COMPUNCTIOUS VISITINGS OF POETS, licentious description. So impressed was thii 

PoETRT, like music, appeals powerfully to the poet with the consideration of the mischief he 

affections. The golden lyre, struck by the had done, or might thereafter occasion, that 

hand of a skilful musician, while it delights ^^ directed by his last will, that in any future 

the ear with its melody, leads also captive the edition of his works, such parts as were of an 

imagination. The sweet lyre of poesy, too, immoral cliaracter should be expunged and 

discourses no less eloquent music ; but its omitted. When he began to decline in years, 

charm is rendered far more irresistible to the and reflection had made him grey, it was • 

passions, for to the concord of sweet sounds, frequent wish expressed by him that poetio 

it adds thoughts that breathe, and words that geniuses would more employ their talents on 

bum. Timotheus, by his master touch, could divine subjects, and to the honour of God. He 

raise a mortal to the skies; St. Cecilia, by her ^sed to say that no two things would bring 

Elysian airs, could draw an angel down ;— but greater glory to the Christian religion than thm 

when the poetic harp is strung by the sensual conversion of the Jews, and the conversion of 

and intemperate hand of an Anacreon, nature poetry. 

is seared from her propriety ; the modest B"* Cowley was not the only great instance 
graces droop their heads and disappear ; and ^^ compunctious feelings arising from the mia- 
virtne slops her ears, and refuses to listen. application of great poetical talents. A re- 
It is much to be lamented that a race of markable instance is supplied by the father of 
writora dedncine their descent from the bard English poetry, who also laboured under much 
ofTeos, and iimeriting the talents of their depression of conscience on the same account, 
great progenitor and exemplar, should have *"<* *h® reader will not, in conclusion, be dis- 
proved so nnmerous and so abundantly proli- Pleased to read in his own words the revolv- 
fic. The effect produced upon the community ^^&^ ^^ * naturally pious mind weighed down 
by their works, has been beyond calcuhUion ^X **8 own contrition, enumerating his literary 
detrimental; and, wherever their poems have offences one by one, and asking forgiveness.— 
been put forth, and survive in a classical Ian- " ^^^^^ h*^« morcy on me," says the repentant 
guage, the mischief has been the more com- ^^ ^^ Song, " and forgive me my giltos— and 
plete, diffhsivey and universal; because they Jiamely of my own translations and enditinges 
have been for the most part inconsiderately ®^ worldly vanities, the which I revoke in my 
made the hand-books of youth, who, by their retractions; as the Boke of Troilus; the Boke 
passions and inexperience are the more readily ^^ ^^ Fame; the Boke of the Five and 
led away, not so much at first by the wanton- Twenty Ladyes; the Boke of the Duchesse; 
ness and licentiousness of their veritmgs, as by *^® ^^*^® °' ^i»* Valentine's Day, of the Par- 
the attractions of genius, and the charms of lemei^* of Briddes; the Tales of Canterbury, 
style Mid literature. thilke that sounen (lead) unto sinne; the Boke 
Our own age and country are not destitute ®^ *^® ^y®°» *"^ ™^^y ^^ ^^^^ ^^^y if they 
of performances of a like nature corruptive ^^^ *" ™y remembraunce and many a song 
and baneful. Little do the writers imagine ^^^ °^"y «• lecherous lay. Christ of his grete 
that the raptures they excite are forbidden; moroi® forgive me the sinne. But," continues 
that the associations which they give birth to *^® confessing poet, as though deriving grace 
in the minds of their readers are calculated to *^^ regeneration from this short aspiration, 
oppagn the lessons of divine revelation, to ^^^ willing to give tcs imony of the delight 
Ofwthrow the foundations of all morality, and ^^*®^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^° 'useful and heavenly 
te act with fatal efficacy on the peace and works,—" but of the translation of Bokes of 
the happiness of society. consolation and other Bokes of Saints and of 
Not all the Rowing beauties of Byron can Omelies, and moralite and devotion, that 
compensate for the hideous deformities which t^anke ^ oure Lorde Jesu Christ and his bliss- 
hisevil and malignant genius hath engendered ^^^ ™i^«^ ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^^ i^ Heaven: be- 
aod i»opagated. Alas! almost do we stifle seeching them that they fro henceforth, unto 
Md suppress our admiration of aiilde Harold, ™y ^^^^^ ®°^' ^ende me grace of veray penance, 
in the execrations which the libertine Juan confession, and satisfaction, to doe in thispre- 
dnwB ft-om our lips; and how must the sent hf, through the benigne grace of him that 
htreHeiJ Adonais and Queen Mab for ever ^^ K»"«® ^^ Kinges and Preste of aU Prests, 
blight and destroy the poetic laurels of that bought us with the precious blode of his 
hit <moe unhappy connate and confederate— ^^^^^y so that I mote ben of them atte thelaste 
Percy Bysshe Shelley! Many are there even ^*y ^^ ^^™® ***** shullon be saved." 
new among the amatory and Ucentioua poets ^ Would that of every of our poets it could be 
of the present day, who would give the worid thus recorded, as was happily done by Lord 
to Ute Hotted out from the pages of their Lyttleton of our eminent countryman Thom- 
fwie, many of their productions absolutely ^ 8on,»vfhose life was as unblemished and as in- 
worthless in themselves, being of worthless offensive as his page:— 

tewieney, ahhongh decorated and set off by „i, eh^te Ma.o em,,loy'd her heaven-Uught lyw, 

UN eaarms and fascinations of language, poe- None but the Doblest passloos to inspire ; 

try, and music; and who, like Cowley, coming ^'ot one immoral, one corrupted tboughr, 

» little to account vrith themselves, lament ^^°® ""» "^^^^^^ <^y^' *» «»»*'^ "^'^ ^ Wot. 
tWt they had ever written poems of an idle or W. A^ 

p 2 



$B 



THE MIRROR. 



MORN AND EVEN. 

How lotely fi the Morning, and how lovely it the 

Night I 
The last so calm and holy, and the first so clear and 

bright — 
The one so sweet and tranquil, and so form*d for gentle 

sleep. 
When the majesty of darkness is magnificent and 

deep. 

The morning with its fireshness. its glory and its 

might. 
When the earth is overspread with crystal floods of 

li«ht. 
When the birds sing ahrill and blythely, and the dewy 

srass is sweet. 
And the hearts of careless creatures strong with hope 

and passion beat. 

Then the smiles of gentlest nature are warm and elo- 
quent. 

And all her mvriads are upon toil and pleasure bent ; 

And nought that doth exist seems sad, or dark, or 
dull. 

And the flowers appear to be most pure and beautiful. 

But how exquisitely soft is the more harmonious evt*n. 
When countless lamps adorn the purple vault of 

heaven. 
And tlie low faint breeze doth sigh its hapless loves 

unto 
The violets that are gemm*d with cold and silver dew. 

Then the dreams of love are brightest, and the soul is 

borne on high. 
To the sound of lutes and harps, and aerial minstrelsy. 
And the sweetest voices ever heard, are whisp'ring 

words of love. 
And the brightest eyes are sparkling in the firmament 

above. 

Oh, how beautiful is Even I I love it more than day. 
For I dream the bliss-frauglit hours more peacefully 

away. 
And I rest upon the bosom of th* im ginary one. 
Whose beauty, and whose innocence may be surpass'd 

by none* 

Oh, how happy! Oh, how happy! for all mortal 

passion then 
Absorb'd in spirit dissipates, — I am not among men 
But gain Elysium blessed, and mount with angel 

wings 
To the mighty sound of all my high imaginings ! 

R. B. 



Sweet haunter of the hidden dell t 
This lesson thou hast taught me well ; 
Tlie Chrbtian's hope can never die. 
The Cliristiairs hope is fixed on high, 
Wliere, far from sorrow, care, and pmln— 
His soul shall rise and bloom agtdn I 

B. C— K. 



WOMAN. 



TO THE EARLY VIOLET. 

(^For the Mirror.^ 

SwsxT harbinger of waywawl Spring ! 

On Winter's bosom blossoming ; 

The wanderer greets thee on the moor,— 

The iieasant by his cottage .luor. 

At mom and eve looks down to bless 

Thy meek and modest loveliness, — 

The lover deems an eye of bine 

Is mirror'd in tliine azure hue — 

A well-known eye 1— and standing there 

He softly breathes a soul-felt pruyer 

For one, — but sooth ! I must not tell 

The secrets thou dost guard so well. 

Sweet violet ! one fate is thine. 

Alike, yet different to mine ! 

I,, too, must live a little day. 

Then fede, like thee, sweet flowet, away ; 

But thou once more slialt rise nnd bloom 

When I am in the silent tomb. 

Oh, truant ftiney ! say not so. 

May man no brighter presage know ? 

May man no brigliter emblem see 

Of life and immortality. 

In this fkir flow*ret*s swift decline 7 

Then, foolish fkncy !.why repine ? 



The present state of woman, as regards her 
relative position in society, forms a subject 
for many melancholy, though pleasing refleo- 
tions. Her exalted state, in some instanoes, 
and her degraded one in others, affords a 
wide field for mature thought as well as in- 
struction* It is, indeed, a lamentable fikct, 
that she who, in her state of innocence, is the 
most beautiful and lovely of all God's crea- 
tures, and who reminds us in fact of those be- 
ings who worship round his throne, should 
ever be consigned to the base and lost condi- 
tion in which numbers of her sex now are. 
Castaways from society, exiles and wanderers 
on the world's wide stage, breathing an at- 
mosphere tainted with impurities, having no 
friend to administer con^Tort to the soul, 
living in degradation and misery, and dying 
unpitied and unknown. We will not, how- 
ever, dwell upon this ever most painfol sub- 
ject, for rather than expose her faults, we 
would hide them beneath an impenetrable 
veil, and cover them with the cloak of charity; 
and instead of writing one word in anger, 
drop a tear, and breathe a sigh of sorrow. 

Let us then present her to our readers in 
her brightest colours, in her shade of pristine 
excellence. 

The creation of woman showed, in a re- 
markable manner, the situation she was to 
hold in life. God saw that man was without 
a helpmate, without a companion, and with- 
out a sharer of his joy or care ; in his good- 
ness, then, and bountiful love, he formed this 
partner for him, and created woman. In that 
one being was a concentration of all that was 
lovely, virtuous, and pure. Whenever we. 
hear the name of woman mentioned, our 
thoughts instinctively revert to something 
that enchains the attention, enhances the a^ 
fection, and calls into action all the softer 
and more delicate emotions of the .human 
breast. 

^ In prosperity, woman is the dear compa- 
nion of man's joys ; where'er he is, there is 
her heart also. 

Is he gayt her beaming smile adds plea- 
sure to his gaiety. 

Is he happy ! her love gives increase to his 
happiness. 

Is he serious ? oh ! then the pensive smile, 
the aspirations of a heart of virtue, throw a 

gleam of chaste and hallowed light around 
im, like the last faint rays of the setting sun, 
softening, adding calmness, and gilding with 
beauty the meditations of his soul. 

Does he kneel at the shrine of heaven! 
then are his orisons joined by one of heaven's 



1 



THE MIRROR. 69 

own; the prayer of purity and loTe isUsped TARTEMPION, THE NATIONAL 
from the tongue of innocence, and borne by GUARD. 

seraphs to the throne of grace. ^ Parisian sketch 

But it is in adversity, that the loye, con- 
Btancy, and doTotedness of woman pre-emi- iDone w French Chalk, hy Cecil P. Stamdley."] 

nently manifest themseWes, and shine in the Nicholas, Jean, Baptiste, Oscab, Taktbm- 
dsrk horizon of man's fortune, the stars of piqn, bom at Paris in the year of our Lord, 
brilliance and unclouded worth. I793, was, early in life, seized with an insatia- 
Does disease rack his frame? then glides blethirstformilitaryfame, and, profiting by the* 
her beauteous figure round his bed of sorrow, Russian campaign, he sent two young men to re- 
smoothing the pillow of distress, and breath- present him on the gory field. Not content with 
ing in his ears the melodious tones of peaoe this, in 1814, a third representative was dii- 
uid consolation; no sleep do her eyelids patched to win fresh laurels in tiie name of Tar- 
know, nor are her eyes weighed down by tempion, and, in 1815, a fourth devotee joined 
slumber ; she, like a guardian angel, watches the French army, for the express purpose of 
ihrough midnight's dreary hour with intense completing the wreath of glory, so fast enoiro- 
agony and fervent love, the pallid face of Ung Tartempion's brow. Had two hundred 
Imn who to her is life ; and in the solitude thousand Frenchmen but followed the example 
and silence of her chamber, and bv the gloomy of this warlike man, France would never have 
light of yonder flickering lamp, bends before had reason to deplore the disastrous day of 
the cross of Christ, pouring out in one nn- Waterloo, for in Tartempion, Napoleon pos- 
ceasing torrent the prayers and supplications sessed four soldiers, and the observance of 
of her aching and sorrowing heart ; while his doctrine would have rendered eight hun- 
erystal tears, like the dew-drops of heaven, dred thousand warriors available to the em- 
trickle o'er that fair cheek, once matchless as peror's designs. 

the perfhmed rose, but now blanched as the But notwithstanding this devotion, wicked 
lilj. tongues there were which babbled forth sueers 
Is he in prison ! no chains, no bars, can reflecting on the courage of the brave fellow, 
keep her love from him ; frantic with wretch- but he never thought it worth while to contra- 
edness, she breaks through every obstacle ; diet the ill-natured remarks of envy — such a 
she seeks, she finds him, and carries with her hero as Tartempion, who served at the same 
to the dungeon's gloom a bright sunlight and time in the 63d Regiment of the Line, in the 
radiance that enlightens all the darkness 5th Cuirassiers, in the 2d Hussars, and in the 
there. Man deserted by his acquaintance, Artillery! may treat with supreme disdain the 
sooifed at and insulted by his fellow-men, idle observations of a contemptible few. 
branded with infamy, disgrace, and shame, The Battle of Waterloo proved a terrible 
condemned to linger out his miserable exist- event for poor Tartempion: he was thrice 
ence in a dismal and horrid cell, yet finds, killed; and, to heighten his misfortunes, his 
amid a world of enemies, one dear, one faith- remaining representative, the artillery man, 
fill, one only friend. had both his legs shot off. The events of 1815 
Regard woman in one other light ; viz sur- alone prevented Napoleon from awarding a 
rounded by her offspring, and methinks there cross of honour to Tartempion, a circumstance 
is no picture so beautiful or enchanting as a which there is every reason to believe the 
mother in the midst of smiling cherubs, the exiled emperor deeply deplored during his so- 
dear pledges of conjugal love, and emblems joum at St. Helena. 

indeed of innoceface. She looks like a sun of When the memorable days of July 1830 led 

worth and virtue surrounded by a galaxy of to the re-establishment of the National Guard, 

stars. Their thoughts seem to be her thoughts, Tartempion was among the first who took 

aad their little desires seldom fail of finding arms — for the grand review on the Champ de 

aequiescence in her tender bosom. Her hopes Mars, in the month of August following. It 

in them are centred, and in the midst of them was with a perfect delirium of joy that this 

is her home of happiness. citizen warrior entered a company of volti- 

Sucl^ then, is a faint sketch of the charac- geurs; the plume t iaune had completely sub- 

ter of woman, faithful, devoted, constant ; jugated his eyes, his soul, his everv sense, 

giving joy to the happiness of man ; an angel The first time that Tartempion had the satis- 

of comfort, bringing solace to his woes, faction of assuming the habiliments of the vol- 

Through every scene of life her heart is his ; tigeurs, and of thrusting his head proudly into 

in the sunlight of prosperity, or in the howl- a bearskin cap, he felt so happy that he rushed 

ing storm of adrersity, she is still the same ; to the Hotel des Invalides, and presented his 

foUowing him to the dark and dreary dun- amputated artillery trunk with a five franc 

geon, watching over him in sickness, and piece. 

din^png to his grave. H. P. To give an idea of his fervent zeal, it will be 

only necessary to state, that in the same year 
[1830] Tartempion, who had seen eight and 

' forty springs, wished to pay his tribute to na- 
ture and to society by giving his name to a 
young person ornamented with orange bloa- 



7f 



THE MIRROR. 



SQIQS. On the' day of his wedding, Tartem- 
pion received a billet frota the gnard honse. 
You will perhaps imagine that he thrust his 
Serjeant-major's commnnioation aside. Not 
so. He read it with interest, and proceeded, 
in his costume of voltigeur of the National 
gnard, to be married. The ceremony over, the 
newly- wedded pair hastened to the Hotel de 
Marengo, to partake of a sumptuous feast pro- 
Tided by Tartempion for himself and friends. 
On a sudden, in the midst of festivities, the 
dock chimes four. Tartempion, who, until 
the present moment, bad been busied with the 
delicacies of the table, rose in despair. The 
fktal tinkling of the clock produced as much 
offset upon him as the magic words which for- 
merly startled Belshazzar, and the National 
guard cried out, " Mon dieu ! mon dieu ! I 
riiaU never arrive in time — my post, my post !*' 
ajod this Frenchman, more heroic than an an- 
dent Roman, quitted his young wife, and an 
old bottle of Bordeaux, to mount gnard at the 
Hotel de Ville. 



REMINISCENCES OF STERNE. 

{Concluded from page 5(1.] 

Those who attentively peruse Mr. Sterne's 
Sermons, and dwell on the admirable reflec- 
tions, deep moral thoughts, and humane sen- 
timents scattered throughout, and so forcibly 
and elegantly expressed, will scarcely agree 
with this pleasant bit, or effusion of sportive 
wit : — 

" They are very short in general, and gave 
rise, some years ago, to a good joke at Bull's 
Library at Bath. A footman coming into the 
shop to ask for one of Smallridge's Sermons 
for his Lady, by mistake asked for a small re- 
ligious Sermon. The bookseller being puzzled 
how to comply with his demand, a gentleman 
replied, * Give him one of Sterne's.' " 

If he had never written one line more than 
his picture of the mournful cottage, towards 
the conclusion of the fifth Sermon, we can 
cheerfully indulge the devout hope, that the 
recording angel, whom he once invoked, will 
have blotted out many of his imperfections. 
When he solicited subscriptions for his Ser- 
mons, the splendid list of the subscribers 
(amounting to 697) sufficiently shews how the 
public were captivated by the flashes of genius 
which this '* master of the human heart" (a 
term he himself, in one of his Sermons, ap- 
plies to Shakspeare) so profusely scattered 
through the first volumes of his Tristram 
Shandy, one of which contained the Sermon 
on Conscience. Had his Story of Le Fevre 
then appeared, probably the list of subscribers 
would have been treble. One sees among 
these subscribers some of the most eminent of 
our nobility and men of genius, and some of 
our most distinguished clergy, and many ladies 
of high rank. I will merely mention a very 
few:— 



Duke of Anc istn. 

Earl of ABliburnham. 

Lord Bathnret. 

Mr. John Uuurd. 

Duke and Ducbess of 
Bridgwater. 

Charles Burney. 

Lord Chesterfield. 

J. G. Cooper, Author of 
the Life of Socrates, 
and the Tumb of Shak- 
speare. 

Duke and Duchess of De- 
vonshire. 

Rev. Dr. Douglas. 

Countess of Dalkeith. 

Lady Egerton, and four 
moie of that family. 

Earl Falconberg. 

Mr. Fawkes. 

Mr. Garrick. 

Bishop of Gloucester. 

Lady Herbert. 

Hon Mr. Herbert. 

Hon. Robeft Herbert. 

Dr. Hardhiugp. 

Mrs. Hardhinge, S Sets. 

Mr. Hogarth. 

Thomas HoUis, Esq. 

Duke of Kingston. 

George Keute. Esq. 

John Lee. Esq., who so 
often pleadfd before 
T'urd Mansfield. 

B shop ot Lichtield. 

Lord Lyttleton. 

E'iwarit Lasceiles, £^q. 

Daniel Lasceiles, Esq. 

M.ijor Lasceiles. 

Rev. Robert Liiscelles. 



Mr. Mason. 

Mrs. Montague. 

Corbin Morris, Bsq^ 

Sir W. and Lady May- 
nard. 

Lord George Manners. 

Hon. John Maunert. 

Lord W. Manners. 

Lord MUtou. 4 Sets. 

Mrs. MejnelL 

Miss Meynell. 

HugoMeynei). 

Bibhop of NorN^ieh* 

Rev. Mr. Nelsou, Lord 
Nelson's fatiter. 

John Ofley, E»q. 

Duke & DucheKS of Port- 
laud. 

Bishop of Peterborough. 

Dean of Peterl>orough. 

Juhn Rich, Esq. 

Mr. Re}nolds, Leicester- 
fields.' In uii earlier list 
of subscribers it is thus 
set down :— " Mr. R«y- 
i>olils, painter." 

Marquis & MarcUioucss 
of Ki)ckiug)*ain. 

Sir Geor<:e Sitville. 

Dean of Salisbury. 

Earl of Scarborough. 

Earl & Countess TemplA; 

Charles Towu&eud, Esq. 

Dr. Warren. 

Nath. Webb. 

Lady Mary WeyiBOutk. 

Lord & Lid> Weymuulh. 

Lady Cli. Weymouth. 

Lady Har. Weymouih. 

Mr. Whitehead. 



Of Mr. Sterne's kind heart, we have abtin- 
dant proof. La Fleur tells us : — "At many of 
our stages, my master has turned to me with 
tears. * These poor people oppress me. La 
Fleur; how shall I relieve me?'" Sir W. 
Scott observes " We will not readily believe 
that the parent of Uncle Toby could be a 
harsh, or habitually a bad-humoured man. 
Sterne's letters to his friends, and especially 
to his daughter, breathe all the fondness of af- 
fection ; and his resources, such as they were, 
seem to have been always at the command of 
those whom he loved." His biographer, in 
the Dublin University Magazine, says: — ** In 
money matters he was not only liberal, but 
anxious and self-denying; in expressions of at- 
tachment, strong invitations, and all that lan- 
guage or ostensible arts can indicate, there is 
at least, nothing to warrant any construction 
of unkindness.*' Each letter to his daughter 
breathes the tenderest affection. In one to 
her, dated May 15th, he says, " If your mo- 
thers rheumatism continues, and she chooses 
to go to Baguieres, tell her not to be stopped 
for want of money, for my purse shall be as 
open as my heart." In another letter, dated 
April !)th (about a year preceding his death), 
he says : — *' I am unhappy — thy mother and 
thyself at a distance from me, and what can 
compensate for such destitution? — ^for 6od*s 
sake, persuade her to come and fix in Eng- 
land, for life is too short to waste in separa- 
tion ; and whilst she lives in one country and 
I in another, many will think it is from choice; 



THE MIRROR. 



ii 



beiidet, I want tliee neir me, thou child and 
darling of my heart." 

In his letter to her from Naples, Feb. 8, 
he says :— "If your mother's health will per- 
mit her to return with me to England, your 
sammers I will render as agreeable as I can 
at Coxwold." A letter to a friend, dated Cox- 
wold, Dec. 7, 1767 (about three months be- 
fore his death), breathing the most tender af- 
fection to his daughter, whose fine mind he 
displays in the highest light, after alluding to 
his haying been offered a liying of 350/. a year 
m Surrey, and retaining Coxwold and his pre- 
bendaryship, he says: — " I have great offers 
too in Ireland; the Bishops of C and 



are both my friends, but I have re- 
jected every proposal, unless Mrs. Sterne and 
my Lydia could accompany me thither. Mrs. 
Sterae's health is insupportable in England; 
she must return to France, and justice and 
humanity forbid me to oppose it. I will allow 
her enough to live comfortably, until she can 
rejoin me." His attentive remittances of 
money to her may be further seen in the let- 
tew of September 29, October 7, 1765, and 
Februarys, 1766.* 

His wife and daughter being at York dtur- 
ing the races, a subscription was opened in 
their favour by the princely bounty of the 
Marquis of Rockingham, amounting to near 
2000/. One may judge of the pleasant and 
brilliant life he led at Paris by his 17th letter, 
ia Mrs. Medalle's first volume, and of the 
high acquaintances he there formed, and his 
accompanying Mr. Fox and Mr. Macartney, 
and in which he acknowledges his great obli- 
gations to Mr. Pitt, afterwards Lord Chat- 
ham. The most distinguished characters paid 
him every mark of admiration and respect. 

About 1769, Mr. Henderson formed part of 
a society called the Shandean Society, who 
met in Maiden-lane once a week, chiefly to 
recite, and to dwell on the pleasantry and 
pathos of Sterne. He frequently produced 
one of his volumes, and entered (hlly into the 
spirit of the author. The effect his voice and 
feeling gave to the story of Le Fevre, won the 
admiration of every hearer. It was proposed 
to devote a day to the memory of the author, 
and speaking over his grave a requiem to his 
departed spirit. An Ode was written, and the 
energy and pathetic feeling which was dis- 
played in the speaking gave it a most power- 
ful effect. It thus concludes : — 

Par me, I own, with grateful tmnsport mov'd, 
I love hie memory as the men I lov'd. 
Dear to my eye, but dearer to my heart ; 
Ne'er felt my soul more agonizing smart. 
Than when that spirit from it's bondage fled. 
And gave a second Yorick to tlie dead. 

In the London Mechanic's Institution, H. 
Brown, Esq., the librarian, about twelve 

• " The hnsband." said Sterne, " who behaves un- 
liiudly to his wife, deserves to Jiave his house burned 
uvCThis head."—" If yon Ihiuk so," said Garrick, " I 
luipe year house is insured." We must acquit Mr. 
Ganick of anv onkindnesa in launching forth this bit 
of tportiTe ruUery. 



months ago, deliyered two leetures ^ On th« 
Writings and Genius of Sterne." 

I select the following testimonies to his 
memory, out of others to which his death gave 
rise: — 

By a Lady. 

Sterne, rest forever, and no longer fear 

The Clitic's censun* or thi* coxcomb's sneer. 

The gate of envy now is clos'd on thee. 

And fame her hundred duois sliall open free ; 

Ages unborn shall celebrate the page. 

Where friendly join the satirist and SJige; 

O'er Yortck's tomb the brightest e}es shall weep. 

And British genius mournlul vigils keep; 

Then, sighing, say, to vindicate thy fame, 

" Great were nis faults, but glorious was his flame.** . 

Mr. Garrick's beautiful epitaph is : — 

" Shall pride a heap of sculptur'd marble raise. 
Some worthless, uumourned. titled fuol, to praise ; 
And shall we not by one poor grave-stone learn. 
Where genius, wit, and humour, sleep with Sterne." 

Yicesimus Knox says : — " There are exqui- 
site touches of the pathetic interspersed 
throughout all his works. His pathetic sto- 
ries are greatly admired. The pathetic was 
the chief excellence of his writings." 

George Chalmers, Esq., vnrote " The Au- 
thor of Junius ascertained," evincing that 
Boyd wrote Junius. He observes, that Sterne's 
grave remained long undistinguished by any 
memorial : a circumstance which touched tha 
sensibility of Boyd, and induced him to pro- 
duce the subjoined stanzas : — 

And is no fiiendly mourner nenr. 

The last sad uflRce tu assume, 
O'er liis cohl grave to drop a tear. 

Or " pluck tlie nettle from his tomb ?" 

Forgive me, Sterne, if flrom thy line 

The sympathetic hint J drew ; 
The feeling )ie.irt must copy thine ; 

The tender mourner think like you I 

His death was announced in the newspapers 
of March 22d, 1 7G8, by the following para- 
graph : — 

'' Died at his lodgings in Bond Street, ths 
Rev. Mr. Sterne." 

Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him well ; a fel- 
low of infinite jest, most excellent fancy, &o. 

fFit, humour, genius, hadst thou, all agree I 
One grain of v^isdom had lieen worth the three. 

To the Author of the above Linei, on the Death of 
Mr, YoHiCK. 

So I—this is wisdom — to insult the dead ; 
Heap fiincied crimes upon a mortal's head 1 
Well — be it so :— such wisdom, and such art. 
Shall never— never shall approach my heart. 
Whatever Yorick's lot, in wliute'er slate, 
I'd gladly risk it in tlie hour of fote. 
Sooner than join with thee I — I would say rather 
Unto corruption— thou shalt be my father. 
Be tliiue the avenging angel's lot, decreed 
To point each fault, and aggravate each deed : 
Ancel of mercy I — thy sweet task be mine 
To blot them, ere they reach the throne divine I 

Yorick, farewell I Peace dwell around thy stone ', 
Accept this tribute from a fHend unknown. 
In human breasts, while pity has a claim, 
Le Fevre's story shall enhance thy fame ; 
Toby's tteuevolence each heart expand. 
And faithful Trim confess a master's hand. 
One generous tear unto the Monk you gave ; ' 
Oh. let me weed this nettle flrom thy grave 1 

S. F 



7-2 



TH£ MIRROR. 



ifHauiierf^ anti Cnsltontf^. 



GIFTS TO THE IDOL YE06ATA, FROM THE 
HONOURABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY.- 

The annual ceremony of this presentation of 
gifts takes place in December. The image of 
the idol, which is of yellow metal (the natives 
say of gold), was, on the last occasion, attired 
in a dress of variegated silk, almost concealed 
beneath strings of flowers, which are sold in 
the crowd to be presented. Yeggata was 
seated on a sort of throne, with a lofby back, 
in the form of a horse-shoe, painted and deco- 
rated with tinsel. During two hours it re- 
mained beneath a pundal, erected for the pur- 
pose on the esplanade. After this, the idol 
was carried to the avenue of the north gate of 
the port, to be further decked for its visit. 

The Hon. Company's presents, consisting of 
a scarf of crimson silk, a " thalee" or orna- 
ment for the neck, apparently of gold, and at- 
tached to a yellow string ; and another scarf 
of scarlet woollen cloth, exactly resembling 
that of which soldiers' jackets are made, were 
borne several times round the idol stage, vnth 
wreaths of flowers, broken cocoa-nuts, &c. A 
peon, the white metal plate of whose belt bore 
the inscription, " Collector of Madras,'' led 
on this procession, clearing the way vnth his 
cane, and a number of men followed vnth long 
trumpets, which they pointed towards the idol 
and sounded. There were several of these 
peons on the spot, eibch having '' Collector of 
Madras" inscribed on the plate of his belt ; 
and when the presents were brought on a 
brass dish, one of them held it at arms'- 
length over his head, as if to display them to 
the idol and to the spectators. Another of 
these peons held up in the same way a dish of 
cocoa-nuts broken, as is usual in offerings. 

More flowers were now placed on the 
idol, and the officiating native proceeded to 
array it in the silken scarf just presented, 
having first dipped one comer in a chetty of 
yellow water. He then fastened on its neck the 
" thalee," which, with its yellow string, always 
holds the place of the ring in native marriages 
here, and certainly is emblematical of the 
closest union between the Hon. Company and 
the idol. The man on the stage then seizing 
a mass of kneaded yellow powder, stuck it on 
the hand of the goddess, and dashed over it a 
deep-red pigment. Some powder from a paper 
was next sprinkled over the image, and a pan 
of burning incense was held before it. On 
this a murmur of approbation ran through the 
crowd. 

A "Collector of Madras" peon now drew 
to himself the scarlet cloth scarf, and put it 
on a native whose head was encircled by a 
garland of flowers, and who immediately as- 
cended the stage and seated himself near the 
idol ; this was the signal for moving it down 
the avenue to the gate of the fort. 

Many natives were to be seen gazing in- 



tently on the idol, and joining their hands in 
the attitude of adoration ; frequently in a 
procession of this kind a mother will join 
the tiny hands of her infant, which she calo- 
ries on her side, directing them towards the 
idol. 

It might be interesting to trace to its origin, 
the strange and truly idolatrous practice of 
the annual present made by the English to 
Yeggata ; did we listen to the natives them- 
selves, we should have many solutions : one 
heard the other day from a respectable na- 
tive, as the opinion of many of his country- 
men, and which was repeated by several per- 
sons to-day in the crowd near the image was, 
that when Madras was besieged by the French, 
Yeggata relieved the English by turning salt 
water into fresh, for their use, and that for 
this they now honour her. 



DIALOGUE BETWEEN ALEXANDER 
AND DIOGENES. 

IFrofii Lyly't "Alexander and CaMpaspe*"\ 

DioG. Whocallethi 

Alex. Alexander: how happened it that 
you would not come out of your tub to my 
palace ] 

D. Because it was as far from my tub to 
your palace as from your palace to my tub. 

A. Why, then dost thou owe no reverence 
to kings ? 

D. No. 

A. Why so ? 

D. Because they be no gods. 

A. They be gods of the earth. 

D. Yea, gods of the earth. 

A. Plato is not of thy mind. 

D. I am glad of it. 

A. Why? 

D. Because I would have none of Dio- 
genes' mind but Diogenes. 

A. If Alexander have anything that can 
pleasure Diogenes, let me know — and take it. 

D. Then take not from me that you cannot 
give me, the light of the world. 

A. What dost thou want! 

D. Nothing that you have. 

A. I have the world at command. 

D. And I in contempt. 

A. Thou shalt live no longer than I will. 

D. But I shall die whether you vnll or no. 

A. How should one learn to be content ! 

D. Unlearn to covet. 

A. {To Hephestion,) Hephestion, were I 
not Alexander, I would wish to be Diogenes. 

H. He is dogged, but discreet; I cannot 
tell how sharp, with a kind of sweetness, full 
of wit, yet too — too wayward. 

A. Diogenes, when I come this way again, 
I will both see thee and confer with (hee. 

D. Do. 




ARMORIAL BEARINGS 
OF FIELD MARSHAL HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE ALBERT, 
&a. &c. tte. 
Anas qiurteilj : first ftiid fourth th« ftnne of Eogluid. Giil«a throe liaDB purant gardant, in 
file or. Second, Dt, a lion rampant, within a donble tnasoni. Dory ooanterflorj gnlea, br 
SoolTud. Third, azure, a harp or, Btrioged argent, for Ireland : OTer all a label, of threo 
poiaU, argent, charged in the centra point with the croes of St. George. 
Second quarter: Barr;, or i ■■ --■■'- - -" - ■* — ' ■ -- "- — J 



ugeut, armed, maned and hoofed, orl; gorged with a coronet compoud of oroeses natt< and 
Itor de lia or, and ohained of the lavt : Ihe supporters being each charged with a label, u in 

Uw arms. — Motto : " Trui uarf Fetl." 

THE DSE OP AHHS. *» might topresent sagaoit;, cunning, or strv 
Tbe oecaaloQ of the asmmption of amu was tagem.accordiag totheirTariousdispositiona; 
ndoabMlr that order whi>:h their use pro- thereby meaning to menaoe and terrify their 
JMod; the conseqaences of oonfnsion being enemies, bj setting forth their magnanimom 
paerally rale and order, men's aafferinga na- and politio qualities. It is certain that ererj 
Imllj teaching them to avoid all ioconveni- like adheres to its like; therefore in cases of 
tioea by wtiiofa th«j hare suffered. Tlius ori- this nature, mankind is natunJlf delighted 
(inated national ensigns for the better regnla- with things or animals like themselTes, or 
tian of armiea; also all manner of personal whose predominant dispositions or qualities 
diltinctions, that the shield, helmet, biwk and accord with their own; and troat these tha 
breut-pUtes, and the surcoate worn over alluding qualities and intent of these ancient 
them, have had ornamental figures engraved assumptions have been freqaentljr termed bje- 
er painted upon them; likewise upon colours roglyphics. Feme says, " The first soueraign 
•od standards in war, to distinguish chiefs and that ever gave coate of armes to bis soldiara 
onunanders, being devices on shields, &c., to was King Alexander the Great, who, after the 
paint ont their persons to those under their manner of hisaaneestors, desirous to eiajt by 
MEuaand, and to distinguish themselTeB one some speciall meanes of honor his stoutest 
tnaa another ; which, without some such oaptaines and soldiers above the rest, to pro- 
nuts, could not have been effected, their voke them to inoounter their enimies with 
tmons being obscured bj the armours they manly courage, and by the advice of Aristotle, 
*«n. It is observable that the ancients, for he gives nnto the most valiant of his armiet 
Ite most part, made choice of lions, tigers, certain signes ot embtemes, to be painted upon 
^ngons, and lulTible chimeras ; or of ani- thnr armonrs, buiners, and pennons, as tokens 
' Hli, as strptnts, foxes, owls, and inehflgnrei (or Itarii cervlM In U« mn." 



74 THE MIRROR. 

MIGRATION OF METROPOLITAN more, but their numbers increasing, with the 

TRADERS. prevailing fashion for dress, the Mercers set 

« Nations and empires rise and fall— flourish ^f *^^"* Aldgate, the east end of Lombard- 

and decay," and so do the traders in the streets ^*^®®* %^^ Covent-Garden : m a few yean 

of the Metropolis. Let any man, whose years S?^''?' Covejit-Garden began to get a name; 

and strength of head allow him to look back, Tavistock-street became the centre of trade for 

and to remember how things stood in London Pewons of quality, the street being large and 

even fifty years ago, and let him but consider commodious for coaches ; so the Court came 

the face of the city in those days, and how it ''^ f ^^® *?^<» *^? ^'^^ *<> buy clothes : on the 

is now. But we will take the reader to an co^J^aT. the citizens ran to the west. Pater- 

antecedent period, about 1440. The Mer- i'^^^T'^JT^ .^"^ ^^ o ® deserted and aban- 

cers then were few in number, but great do»ed of its trade, and m less than two years 

dealers ; and it appears by the following *^® ^^''^" *]'** forsook this place, and fol- 

extract from Lydgate's London Lackpenr^ i^^^®^ *^® *'*d®' f ®*^« the trade vvould not 

[circa, 1450,] that they were to be found in ^.^.^.i, •®°'' ^i*! !^*' ^V^n l^""^^ ^^i^^ 

Cheapside •—- ^'^^ *"®^^ "^"^^ station, the fishermen follow 

,^, . \ ^, T, , *^® fish, not the fish the fishermen. The 

whT ™";.{?h ^ \ «nrT. 'SnT; ?*««:?«" 'ITIl*^ ^Z »<""•/*"« ^ Covent- 

Ouc ofred me velvet, sylke, nnd lawno, trarden, while the btay- makers swarmed m 

An other hf taketh me by the hunde, Holywell street, where they remained till 

• Here is Parys thred, and finest in the land.' "; within these few years — only twO old signs, 

But Paternoster- row was the centre of their " the Indian Queen," and " the Half-Moon,'* 

trade ; that street was built for them, or remaining, the proprietors being corset-makers. 

at least the south-west end, where they con- Still some few Mercers located within Aid- 

gregated with lacemen, haberdashers,* &c.; g^te> and at the corners of Lombard and 

and a newspaper in 1707 adds to this list, Fenchurch-street, as far as to Clements-lane 

" the sempstresses of Patemoster-row."t The end, and in this lane were the Button-makers, 

Lace-men hovered about the middle, near "^^o followed, likewise, from Patemoster- 

Ivy-lane ; the Button-shops at the end next ^^ow. 

Cheapside, and the Cruel-shops, Silk-men, Within about ten years more, the trade 
and Fringe-shops, near at hand in Blow- shifted again ; Covent-Garden began to de- 
bladder- street.^ They held it in this manner clin«> and the Silk-mercers, Haberdashers, 
about twenty years after the Fire, and not &c., increasing prodigiously, went back into 

the City; there, like bees unhived,they hovered 

• The haberdasliers (hunriors or cappers of old about awhUe, not knowing where to fix ; but 

le so calhd.) were originally a branch of tlie Mer- «f i_ai. „_ z^ li,^„ «,««i^ «^w.^ u„-i, a j.^ u 

_... Haberdashers of fmall wares, such as ribands, J* ^^h *!." ^'^^y ^®"^^ ^?^ ^^^^ *0 ^0 ^^^ 

laces, &c., were called Millianers, (^milliners.) an ap- hlve in Patemoster-row, but COuld not be 

pellatiun derived fiom their dealing in merchandize, admitted, the Swarm settled on Ludgate-hilL 

chiefly imported from Milan, in Italy, such as brooches, here they spread themselves within LudiratS 

ajfglets, spars, wipes, glasses, &c. Amongst other _„ ,^11 ' „:*u«„i. ««j *^^i, v ^^ • j ^ 

wares also which constituted a part of the haber- "f ^" *! ^»W10Ut, and tOOk up both sides of 

dashery cf the period, were pins, before the introdu^ the way from the Fleet ditch almost to St 

tion of which, the English ladies are. stated to have Paul's, except SUch houses as COUld not be 

U8<Bd points or skewers made of thorns, to fasten their Imrl • +h«v wArA Alan *j\ 1%a fnnn/l ;« 'D^m.^j 

garments with : but long before the decease of Eliza- "^** ' ^ c7 ^f !*• f 1 r? j ** Jl^ Ronnd- 

beth, they were manufacJured in great numbers in ^0^", &t. Martin S-le-b rand ; J^enchurch- 

England. In Uie reign of Henry VI., [U22— 1461,] street ; and Hound's-ditch. In 1663, the 

there were not more than a dozen haberdashers* shops number of Mercers in Lcndon was between 

m the whole city. How much they must have increased fiftv and Kiirtv • Kinrp vrhyoh nom'/^^l l./v« 

during the reign of Elizabeth, may be inferred from ^?,i* !i v^ * • j .^.^. P®"**S "<>^ 

the complaints made against them, that their shops rapidly tney nave increased, it IS needlesato 

made so " gay an appeorance as to seduce persous to mention. 

extrsivagant expenditures." The business of the rru^ »^^i, «;j« ^fi r-u^ -j j 

haberdasher was not. however, conflned to the lighter ■^°® .^^"" S^^® ^^ Cheapside seemed SOmO 

articles of a laiy's wardrobe, but extended to tlte sale years smce, tO be one great row of wholesale 

of daggers, swords, knives, spurs, glasses, dials, tables. Drapers' shops ; as the west end of the town 

bans, cards, puppets, inkhoms, tooth-picks fine increased, they migrated, in consequence, to 

earthen pots, salt-cellars, sponws, tin-dishes ; and even +1,^ Cf«„'j JLa Z. * titu •* \r IT » \^ 

roouse-traps. bird-cages, slioeiBg.horus. lanterns, and J^® ^'^and, and BOme tO Whlte-hart-yaid, 

jews*-trumps, " contributed to tliat gay appearance" Strand. 

which the haberdashers' shops are said to hawe made Chnrph-rnnrt St Mnrfin'c Isno /tiAw «._ 
in the reign of our maiden Queen : wliat would tliey ,. ^^^rcn-COUrt, Ot. Martin B-lane, (now en- 
say to our present gorgeous haberdashers' shops? **'®*y removed,) was, before the Strand was 
t The modem book-sellers did not begin to settle paved, the haunt of eminent Gold and Silver^ 

generally in Paternoster-row, till after their desertion smiths. 

of Little Britain, in the reign of Anne. One instance, t> 1, j.i. 

however, of a bookseller living there occurs much x'ernaps there IS no trade that has 80 

earlier, namely, in 1564, when Henrv Denhnra iiv«*d Steadily swarmed together for SO very many 

at the Star, in Paternoster-row. with the Latin motto— yedrs, as the Coachmakers in Long- Acre, and 

" Os h<;mini sublime dedit." Qreat and Little Queen-streets ; these streets, 

t A short street between Cheapside (by the Con- shortly after the introduction of coacheslnEng- 

diiit,) E., and Newgate-street end M«. This street whs i««j v««-».«*u« «-«-* ,. tf ^°»m*^s 

so called, says stowe. from its being a place where Jand, became the great marts for carnages, and 

bladders vera sold. tbey have remained so to the present hour. 



time 
cers 



THE MIRllOR. 75 

It is well known thai Caxton, the first call the Euphrates, makes more extensive 

printer, commenced his art witliiu the sauc- detours than the Tigris, but the course of the 

tiiary of the Abbots of Westminster ; ft'om latter is more minutely serpentine than that 

whence he opened a shop,* at the Sun, in of the Euphrates. Within the limits of this 

Flete-street, for the sale of his works ; and territory, the two rivers are most distant 

ia this street also the following early prin- from each other between Rahaba Malek on 

ters and booksellers resided : — Wynkyn de the Euphrates, and the point where the great 

Worde, (Caxton's successor.) — Robert Cop- Zab enters the Tigris, where the distance is 

land, at the Rose Garland, 1515. — John But- about 180 miles ; and the nearest approach 

fer, at the St. John the Evangelist, in 1520. is at Bagdad, where the distance of the Tigris 

—Thomt^sBartholet, at the Lucretia Romana. from the Euphrates does not exceed thurty 

•-John Bedel, SLt OvLT ItBidy o{ Fiij, 1531. — miles. It may, indeed, be considered to 

/oA» TTay/oncI, at the Blue Garland, 1541. — enter the Pashalio at the point where it 

Laurence Andrew, at the Golden Cross. — receives the Khabour ; the direct distance 

Richard Pinson, at the George : he was from thence to the junction of the rivers ia 

soeceeded by William Middleton, also at the about 500 miles, but by the vnnding course 

George, 1541. — Thomas Godfrey, 1510. — of the stream it cannot be less than 800 miles; 

J{tcAar<f 7V>/«//,tattheHandand Starre, 1577. and if we add to this the 150 miles after the 

—John Helme,\^^^. — Richard Moore ^\(i^^. junction, the entire course of the Euphrates, 

•—John Smethwich, under the dial, 1611. — within the Pashalic of Bagdad, will be about 

£. Okes, 1615.— «/oAn Busby, 1615. — Abel 950 miles. From the Khabour to its juncti<Hi 

Roper, at the Sun, 1646. — Samuel Speed, with the Tigris, the Euphrates receives only 

1660. From Fleet-street, they principally a few very inconsiderable streams ; on one 

located in Little Britain and Patornoster- side it has the deserts, and on the other the 

low ; but, the former place was not destined contracted region of Aljezirah and Irak 

long to remain classic ground, and the en- Arabi. The Khabour itself is a small river 

ligfateners of the world were found centered originating in the union of several little 

in ^ The Row,'* where we leave them, — Esto brooks ; it pursues a southerly course until 

perpetua, 2. it is joined by the westerly course of the 

{This subject to be continued at a fiUure opportunity.} Huali, and the united Stream then pursue* 

__ that direction to the Euphrates. The utmost 

BANKS OP THE RIVER EUPHRATES. ^^J if Lflvff"!? *^l' o? tt ^t 

[GoROEOUS and elevating are the associations greater, perhaps twenty feet. The tide ex- 

eonnected with this "great river— the river tends farther up the Euphrates than the 

Eaphrates!" When the worid was. as it Tigris; it reaches in the former river to the 

w«re « in cunabulis, 'it was one of the four distance of sixty miles from Korna, while in 

pud streams, upon whose banks sparkled the ^^^ rj,j j -^ extends to scarcely more than 

bowers of the yet young and lovely Eden. At xu^'^,, fl„„' ;i«« w/^ «„„ ,„ ' ,^»«^i«.^i« 

a later date, Nim^d aid his strong Cuthites ^'P^f^'X T^®?: ^fuTT ™ I X^^ 

stood <mito shores, when by violence they mdicate the limits of the tide m both rivers, 

drove out the sons of Assur, aid gat them an 5? ?*^^*°« that the spot is marked on the 

mhcritance with their sword. Then rose domes Euphrates by the tomb of a Moslem saint, 

of q^lendour and palaces of pomp, and the called Negaib, on the western bank ; and on 

AMyrian monarchy ruled gloriously on its bor- the Tigris by the mouth of the Doweish canal, 

ders, till Cyrus threw its old magnificence into In the season of flood, a spectator placed at 

more than ^ fear and trembling. ' There, too. the point of the triangle formed by the junc- 

David encamped with his lion-banners and tion of the two rivers may observe the tide 

csptains of Israel, and in the time of the pro- flowing up the Euphrates on the one hand, 

pliets, on its pale-hwred willows, hung the ^hUe the strength of the Tigris forces it 

^ of the desolate Judeans, whose hps cap- |,^j. ^^^ ^^iQ other. On account of the two 

tm^ had stayed from ^^^p^g- , * *i . largo cities of Mosul aud Bagdad on the 

rJ^hTs ^^'lTl^l^ri:^^L''Z Ji/riB, the banks of that river ly be consi- 

SI, butto note more particularly the course «^?'ed more populous than those of the Eu- 

•nd sinuosities of the river itself, together with phrates ; but the population of the latter is 

the aspect of its banks, as it rolls along its distributed among a greater number of towns 

floods of huge waters through the regions of and villages. In the whole distance between 

Mesopotamia.] Bagdad and Korna, on the Tigris, there is 

couRSB OP THE EUPHRATES. <>^y *^« miserable vUlage of Koote ; but the 

w^v. xvT^i^T jfTi jj j-jj parallel distance on the Euphrates contains 

. T^>*^ ^^ Pashalic ofBagdad, and indeed ^i^ges, and some smaU towns, 

la Its whole course, the Frat, as the natives ' 

• Printen originally employftl menials to sell their JUNCTION OP THE EUPHRATES, 

^wrin: as the trade Ittcreased, tliese siTVants began to . 

^enibookaoa their owa ancoaiit. caiiiug them^eWes The Shatt-al-Arab is the name given to the 

IMueileis ; when, iu a sliort time, the printer, inste.ul united stream of the Euphrates and Tigris, 

of bein? the eniplu>er, became tiie employed, niiil w Rhniild TMrh».nq nrt^ftsr tn call the nnifpH 

wtaewieut to the booksellers; so it b^ remained ^^ snouiu pernaps preier to call me uniiea 

"tmrnntothUday.** stream by the name of one of those nvers; 

i U« priotod Clwnoer** works thtxe. 1538. but tho natives never do so— perhaps firom 



76 THE MIRllOK. 

inability to detennine to which of the two may expect any redeeming features in the 

Btreams the distinction is most due ; and it scene. On the Euplirates, the territory of the 

also agrees with their custom of calling a Khezail Arabs may be described as rich and 

river by different names in different parts of beautiful. The district is not indeed very 

its course. Our Humber, formed by the juno- large, but it contains rich pastures and good 

tion of the Ouse and Trent, is a parallel in- cultiyation, with numerous villages of a good 

stance. After the junction, the river conti- and courteous tribe, 
nues the direction which the Tigris was be- 
fore pursuing ; and, after a course of about ^^^^^ «^ ™= wver-bawks. 
150 miles, enters the Persian Gulf by a single The banks of the river are skirted to a very 

embouchure. The Shatt-al-Arab is naviga- great extent with the tamarisk shrub, whidii 

ble, in mid-stream, for vessels of 500 tons in some places, grows to the height af twenij ^ 

burden ; but towards the bank, there is such or twenty-five feet, and the liquorice plasty | 

a labyrinth of channels, shallows, and sand- which sometimes attains the height of ten or 

banks, as renders its navigation sometimes twelve feet. These two form the fire-wood 

diffictdt and perplexing. This noble river re- used at Bagdad and other places. The willow ^ 

eeives from Persia, the Keriah, and the Ka- and poplar also frequently appear as shru1)% I 

loon. Owing to the various branches of the but they are not so common as the fomur. I 

Karoon, and other streams joining the Shatt- Tradition states that the castor-oil plant onee ^ 

al-Arab at the sea, and at no great distance grew luxuriantly in the country, but now i 

from each other, early observers were led to there is only one specimen, which grows as i ; 

conclude that they were so many mouths of tree on the site of ancient Ctesiphon. The ~ 

the Shatt-al-Arab, although in point of fact a«c/«j9ta«5yrtaea is talland abundant in some - 

that river flows in a single stream to the sea. places, and it is worthy of note that its follicles 

are, when young, eaten as beans by the Arabs. 

BOKDERS OF THE EUPHRATES. although ^th US this lactesccnt tribe is deemed 

That portion of the pashalic of Bagdad poisonous, and unfit for the food of man. The 
which lies to the west of the Euphrates may carob plant (ceratonia siliguaj sometimes 
be dismissed very briefly. Beyond the imme- attains the height of six or seven feet. Camel 
diate vicinity of the river, the whole territory thorn (hedysarum alhagi) is very common, 
is a desert of the most positive character — and a species of buck-thorn is seen occasion- \ 
sandy, flat, without herbage, and without ally, as well as the blackberry bush. Tho . 
water. The banks of the river are, however, caper shrub is rather common; the Arabs ex- 
very fertile in many parts, and the annual press a sweet juice frt>m its berries, and eftt 
overflowings of the river in its lower course, the leaves as we do spinach. Among the ■ 
form the most productive rice-grounds in the other plants which fringe this desolate region 
country. the most common are, a rare species of hm; 

That part of the pashalic which is compre- rumesy not very common; chenopodium ««* 

bended between the Tigris and Euphrates, is cronatwn, very abundant; colocynthy the ho- 

divided into Ayezirah and Irak Arabi. The rizontal runners and gourds of which ovov 

former is that portion which extends from the spread large tracts of ground behind the 

northern limit of the pashalic to the point brushwood which skirts the rivers; a beaoti- 

where the rivers approach each other near ful species of mesembrianthemum; eeniaure^^ 

Bagdad. The whole of the interior of this very commom; lithospermum and heiioirfi 

region is a complete desert, generally sandy, are seen occasionally; and lycium and a very 

and sometimes salt, affording only the unpro- beautiful twining species of solanum are vei^ 

fitable plants to which such a soil is congenial, common, particularly theformer. ThemaralMi 

The surface is less even than that of the Irak, near the river are in some parts thickly ooverody 

and it is also distinguished hj two small lakes, in the spring, for the extent of many miles, with 

both of which are salt. The banks of the the blossoms of the white floating orowfbot 

rivers, particularly on the Tigris, are in much A species of carex and of alopecurus com* 

better condition than lower down. There are plete a list prepared from actual, thou|^ ratiier 

more human habitations, more trees, and more cursory observation, 
cultivation. Of the cultivated fruit-trees, near the towiu^ 

Irak Arabi, the most fertile of countries in the date is by far the most important, as it 

the time of Herodotus, is now almost a com- contributes largely to the subsistence of the 

plete desert. The soil may in general be cha- population. Grapes, figs, pomegranatei^ 

racterized as a sandy clay, in a great degree quinces, &c., are very good and abundant; 

covered with the rubbish of ruined towns and but, apples, pears, oranges, &c., are of inferior 

canals. Of these, sufficient traces remain to size and quality ; and cherries, gooseberries^ . 

afford the observer some notion of a system strawberries, and currants, are unknowi. 

of irrigation which, for its extent, and the cost Melons, cucumbers, and onions, with otiNr 

and labour which its establishment must have cucurhitacece and asphodelece, are most abva* 

required, does not appear ever to have been dant and excellent ; but of these, as well m 

equalled. The banks ofthe Euphrates are not of fruits and of cruciferous and legnminoos 

80 perfectly desolate as those of the Tigris, plants, it may, wiUi few exceptions, be stated^ 

bat it is only near rivers and canals that we that tiie species which are the rarest in this 



THE MIRROR. 77 

\ are the moBt eommoii on the banks tately ran towards him ; he supported his 

Bnphraies. head, felt his heart to asoertain if it yet beat, 

v^MAv A» mwwm ««niB«.««^ »»»,««^ ^"^ carHod him to his cabin. 

LOOT OF THB EUPHKATIC RBOIONS. tt ^ l x xi.s_i. m 

_, . - Mj V J * xv Hewasamanofabontthirtyjrearsofage; 

pir^pal wild birds of these parts ure whose symmetry was perfect, except an almost 

iMtndges, snipes, and wild doyes ; the imperceptible ^sproporUon which an atten- 

wd mwshes abound with wild geese tive examination alone made disooTcrable in 

dn, widgeons and pelicans. The com- the length of his limbs, and the conformatioii 

rid and pigeons are the only domestic ©f his feet. A fine energy and haughty ex- 

•aere are no turfaes, and the geese preggion appeared in his brow, and lines of 

leks are not domesticated. The wild goorn sat on his lips. The contour of his 

■ •" fff^^^ \ J"^^8' ^<>«»' mouth and chin were characterised by the 

iwfc The hens are not numerous, and delicacy of Greek beauty; his front was lofty, 

Mumts are chieflyamong the rums and and his temples large. 
iral bajTOws. The jackals are more Thanks to the care of his attendants, the 

lal and troublesome, and when they stranger by degrees recoyered ; he opened his 

opportnmty, enter the towns and vil- eyes, and wondered with astonishment that 

Wing the night. The domestic animals he was escaped from the bitterness of misfor- 

taes, asses, mules, buffaloes, single, tune ; he seemed endeavouring to caU to re- 

1 eamels, and dromedaries. The horse collection some half-effkced memories, and 

Nmntry is a most bM.utiftil animal. As murmured with a light English aocent, as he 

not an wticle of food, oxen are not contemplated a medaUion that hung on his 

lor slaughter ; but they are much em- chest:-- 

is agricultural labour. « J_ Ada dear and unhappy chUd I 

— ^and nothing of her save a lock of hair — 

BYRON AND ZULEIKA. souvenir sent by an unknown hand to a tra- 
veller without fikmily or country! " 

M fbr - ^^ «^2^J,^ '** ^«^ •/ « Incorrigible genei ation ! »? continued 

he, with a scowl of pride: stupid wise who deny 

I* the love of Hero ! What will vou say when 

le distance from the village of Oveido, Jo^ lenm that a poet has swam the Hellespont 

ia supposed to occupy the site of the to convince you of ignorance, and re-establish* 

town of Abydos, made illustrious «d » contested truth!" 
the poets by the history of Leander 'Hien turning himself to the fisher : — 

8, beauteous Hero, and the stormy " What nation are you of!" said he. 
itet, there misrht have been seen, in " I was bom here, at Oveido." 
he eabin of a fisherman, at whose base " You are a Turk, then," said the stranger, 

tiie waves of the great sea. Frag- ^ be lowered his eyebrow; ** sad country! 

f mins — foundations half-buried un- where despotism grinds servitude to the 

M and stone blocks — and several fluted dust ! " 

s, which aided some pious peasant 1^« fisherman looked at him attentively fbr 

in the erection of their tents, were all some minutes, as if he had not comprehended 

nainedofthis once poetic city, so loftily Ws meaning ; at length :-** The tiger," an- 

id of by Ovid. swered he, on reflection, ^ is the tyrant and 

fly over these regions had broken the terror of the forest ; but the sparrow lives 

if May. Bending on the sands, a young ftnd dies unknown. Alone on these solitary 

IS taJdnfl: from his net the abundant sbores, I know neither power or remorse. The 

I of a full draught, and who turned his world, for me, commences at this tent and 

«Bi time to time to exchange smiles finishes at these ruins. Stranger, here are all 

if wife, embroidering a vest of red my riches!" 
pen the threshold of her little domi- And he pointed to his charming wife, whose 

countenance shone with purity and candour. 
we beheld their serene figure, spark- jl 

h yoath and hope, it was easy to dirine 

see poor people contented themselves A week had passed before the stranger, 

«ir humble destiny, and love, while entirely freed ftt>m his fiktigues, talked of 

r tfaem with resignation, had sur- leaving the cabin. His errant life, his tron- 

1 their poverty with charms. bles, the publicity which England had attached 

sodden, however, the sea, starting out to his fkolts and his misfortunes, seemed to 

■Mobility, cast upon the be«eh a man be effaced from his remembrance. Always a 

[ed, and whose strength seemed van- slave to his caprices, he willmgly supposed 

. He resnmed his feet only by pain- that the frigate, the SaUete, awaited him in 

ii» and shaking his long black locks the Dardanelle Straits, and his melancholy 

isned with foam, he endeavoured to ad- genius could not snatch himself away from the 

Nrt his eonntenance paled, and he fell grandeur of nature, whose sounds of winds 

8 te the earth. and of waves are eternal. Perhaps, also, the 

lAnriisii, ifdio had seen him, preoipi- beauty and the peculiar graees of Zuleika had 



78 THE MIUROK. 

then obtained in his heart more of the ascen- fleemed sospended. Tndifierent to the daa- 

dant than even he himself thought. ger which menaced himself thus exposed, thi 

One morning, howeyer, the stranger sought Poet, who knew alone that another drama was 

the fisherman on the shore ; his countenance about to be acted on the beach, followed with 

was care-worn, and his yoice had lost that anxiety the desperate efforts of the fisher. It 

Buayity which alvrays gave it an irresistible was a fine but terrible contest ; but it did not 

charm : — ^^ Unroll your sail, Marcos," said last a minute. A strong side- wave made the 

he, '' I am going." boat whirl, so that many times it turned upon 

As he spoke these words he threw a furtive itself, and was at last buried in the waves. At 
glance on Zuleika, to see if there were in her the moment of the boat's disappearance, By- 
features any expression of sufferance or re- ron, deceived without doubt by his imagina- 
gret, but the young girl appeared untroubled, tion, thought he heard, across the tempest 
and her cheeks preserved the brilliant colour which he stood over, a cry, so bitter, so deso- 
which always warmed them. late, that he could not doubt but that it sprang 

'' Ah ! what, do you leave us already r' from the bereaved Zuleika. 

said she. ** Evermore sorrow! evermore grief!" 

The traveller, who waited only for a sign of cried he. 

sympathy to delay his departure, and to add a After the lapse of some few minutes the 

new victory to the dolorous trophies which he tempest being appeased, the captain caused a 

had already conquered in his pride, could hook to be let down into the sea, to recover 

scarcely conceal the despite and disappoint- the body of the fisher. On his part, Byron, 

ment which the indifference of Zuleika gave dreading to feel the force or contemplate the 

him. despair of Zuleika, called his servant, the 

During the passage he remained silent, his same who, on viewing one of the bas-relieft of 

eyes fixed upon the spot he was leaving, and the Parthenon, cried out some few months 

where he had found one whom he was incapa- later, '^ What a beautiful design for a chim- 

ble of inspiring with a sentiment. However, ney-piece that would make, my Lord !" He 

the majestic serenity of the Hellespont; the dis- gave him a purse of 200 piastres, and enjoined 

tant view of the Dardanelles, those two keys of him to put it into the hands of the poor 

Constantinople which the Turks poetically call widow. 

BoGHASE IssARi, aud which are always em- Three hours after, the messenger returned 

ba4;tled by the waves ; all these grand aspects to the vessel. Fletcher returned to his mtfh 

of nature, which call so powerfully on ardent ter the purse which he bad not opened, with 

and strong imaginations, drove away by de- these mysterious words from Zuleika: ** What 

grees the melancholy to which he was a prey; want have I of gold ? When the heart ceases 

and when the fisher's boat touched the sides to beat, life expires." , 

of the frigate, no sombre thought any longer ,^1. 

saddened the front of the poet. ^^ ' 

Great was the joy on board the Salsete, on Two days had elapsed since the shipwreek 

again receiving the celebrated traveller, in of the fisher. Zuleika was seated on the floor 

whom our readers have easily recognized of her cabin. One of her arms rested on btf 

Byron. Lieutenant Ekenhead, who had par- knees and supported her head, while with tfat 

taken the perils of his adventurous expedition, other hand she mechanically counted the betdft 

and Captain Bathurst, received him with the of her colomboio, or rosary. Her fieatiUNM^ 

most lively demonstrations of friendship; but delicately pale, appeared as serene as in tiie 

the Poet contented himself by shaking their days of her happiness, if something feveiisb 

hands; and ordering one of his trunks to be had not made her eyes glisten with a strangs 

opened, he drew thereout a rich and magnifi- lustre, and if a large bluish circle, appeariog 

cent stuffy which he offered to Marcos. around her eyelids, had not made revelation 

" Zuleika has no need of this to be of sad, sleepless nights. 

beautiful," murmured he; '' but this gift will While in this pensive and silent mood, 1^ 

serve io recal to your remembrance an un- skiff approached the shore. The cadenoed^ 

known traveller: for myself, I shall never for- sound of the well-balanced oars caughit the 

get the fishers of Oveido." ears of Zuleika. She raised her head, and' 

The sea was calm, the heavens clear and the light of an indefinable satisfaction lit up 

transparent, and everything presaged to the her countenance as she recognized the Poet, 

little skiff a happy return, if a cloud, no big- '' Welcome !" she said, on extending to- 

ger than a man's hand in the horizon, had not wards him her hand. 

appeared to augur ill to the sailors of the firi- Byron gazed on her with profound surprise, 

gate. Byron visibly partook of these fears, his face became clouded, and he murmnrei 

for he was observed to establish himself on the almost involuntarily, *' All women tea 

poop with his glass in his hand. In truth, the alike .... Married yesterday, tliey becems 

cloud inoreased with frightful rapidity ; soon widowless to-day, and not a sigh -^ not ft 

lurid clouds furrowed the heavens, the wind tear . . . . " 

bellowed with violence, tha waves boiled, and Zuleika had listened with an ironic at- 

their blue sides formed as it were the vralls of tention. 

mountains, upon which the frail fisher's boat '' For tears and regrets . . . ." iiitar- 



THE MlRllOR. 



79 



le, shaking oontemptuoosly her head, bosom he had been bom, to write on the 

ndlord ! I must desire you, for a hist tomb of a Newfoundland dog, companion of 

reium to the happiness you merit, his voyages and dangers : ~ 

Sh you appear not to have obtained. - x^is moDument covers r friend « I never had bat 

d now adieu ! ooe. and it is here that he re]KMes." 

iiece do you mean to go, then, Zu- 

THE ADVANTAGES OF THE MIND 

BEING FAMILIARIZED WITH 

DIVINE TRUTH. 



-there — anywhere ; perhaps where 
not find so many torturing recollec- 
mages of vanished joys — " 
d do you not quit your home with 



» 



i, with pain ! 
rlongl" 
rever!" 

80 saying, Zuleika bounded gracefully 
» rocks, and lost herself in their wind- 
td among the ruins which border the 
at Sestos. Byron, surprised at this 
flight, rushed after her, and hastened 
see her on her knees upon the edge of a 
se. 

nonmfhl solitude of this savage place, 
» astonishingly contrasted with the 
g and rich country which enveloped it ; 
Bantic attitude of Zuleika, enveloped 
long hair-tresses, swollen by the wind ; 
lote rollings of the turbid sea ; all 
»f exterior circumstances united to of- 
lye and to thought one of those pic- 
faich cannot be pourtrayed by painter 
ribed by poet. The young Englishman 
nok by the scene, which recalled to his 
le sombre aspects of Morven and Loch- 
' ; then, kneeling before the wife of the 

" -Pardon me," said he, "if I in- 

r tears ; but who can help adoring, see- 
. thns. Women are so beautiAil when 
ar!" 

ika appeared neither surprised nor 
f the words ; only, by a mechanical 
mi, and one which she seemed to 
iToluntarily, she approached the open- 
ihe precipice, and a sigh of sorrow 
^n her Ups : — ^ I was proud of my 
, because they were the glory of Mar- 

il to-day ." 

B past is for Allah," interrupted the 
four heart will revive in a new love ; 

MB is not dead to you .** 

ka shook her head, and raising herself 
igsity : — " My happiness is buried 
said she, pointing to the sea. Then, 
upon heaven : — " I shall find it again 
II high!" 

lese words she drew to the edge of the 
ifononnced a last word, which was un- 
uid disappeared. 

. Byron, the same evening, went on 
k0 Salsete, which was destmed to con- 
m to Constantinople. The passengers 
rd appeared to remark some sinister in- 
vpon him: it was this sorrowful drama 
)h he had been botii actor and witness; 
1, indeed, were its effects on the spirit of 
ho had shunned the world, in whose 



[The following expressive passage is extracted 
from a luminous Address, delivered by Sir Ro- 
bert Peel, on the Establishment of a Librarjf 
and Reading Room at Tamworth, Jan. 19,. 1841. 
After expatiating on the great advantages of 
scientific knowledge^ the brilliant orator thus 
forcibly concluded his harangue : — ] 

*' I never can think it possible," said the 
Right Honourable Baronet, ^ that a mind 
can be so constituted, that, after being fami- 
liarized with the great truth of observing in 
every object of contemplation that nature pre- 
sents the manifest proofs of a Divine intelli- 
gence — if you range even fh>m the organiza- 
tion of the meanest weed you trample upon, 
or of the insect that lives but for an hour, up 
to the magnificent structure of the heavens, 
and the still more wonderful phenomena of 
the soul, and reason, and conscience of man^ 
I cannot believe that any man, accustomed to 
such contemplations, can retire from them 
with any other feelings than those of enlarged 
conceptions of the Divine power, and greater 
reverence for the name of the Almighty Crea- 
tor of the Universe.. We believe, on the con- 
trary, that the man accustomed to such con- 
templations will feel the moral dignity of his 
own nature exalted ; and, struck with awe by 
the manifold proofis of infinite power and infi- 
nite wisdom, will yield more ready and hearty 
assent — yes, the assent of the heart, and not 
only of the understanding — to the pious ex- 
clamation, ** Oh, Lord, how glorious are Thy 
works; Thy thoughts are very deep. An un- 
wise man doth not consider, and a fool doth 
not understand." It is the unwise man, and 
the fool, that form unworthy conceptions of 
the Divine nature and the Divine power. Far 
different were the impressions of those mighty 
spirits who have the most considered this, and 
have made the greatest (however imperfect) 
advances towards the understanding of it. 
These are the thoughts with which Sir Isaac 
Newton concludes his profound speculations 
into the material causes which produce, and 
into the laws which regulate the motions of 
the heavens ; he says, ** This beautiful sys- 
tem of sun, planets, and comets, can have its 
origin in no other way than by the purpose 
and command of an intelligent and powerful 
Being. He governs all things, not as the 
Sovereign of this world, but as the Lord of the 
Universe. He is not only GtxL bat Lord or 
Grovemor. We know him only by his proper- 
ties and attributes — ^by the wise and admirable 
structure of things around as. We i^dmire 
Him on account of His perfections — we yene- 



80 



THE MIRHOR. 



rate and worship Him on account of His 
goyemment." These are the thoughts from 
which Sir Humphry Davy, in his last illuess, 
derived, acoonUng to his own expression, 
pleasure and consolation, when every other 
source of pleasure and consolation had failed 
him. He is speaking of the moral and intel- 
lectual qualities of the true scientific inquirer 
into natural philosophy. He says — ** His miud 
i^ould always be awake to devotional feeling; 
and in contemplating the variety and beauty 
of the external world, and, developing its sci- 
entific wonders, he will always refer to that 
Infinite Wisdom through whose beneficence 
he is permitted to enjoy knowledge. In becom- 
ing wiser, he will become better; he will rise 
at once in the scale of intellectual and moral 
existence ; his increased sagacity will be sub- 
servient to a more exalted faith ; and, in pro- 
portion as the veil becomes thinner through 
which he sees the causes of things, he will ad- 
mire more the brightness of the Divine light by 
which they are rendered perceptible." That 
(said the Right Hon. Baronet) is my belief. 
My belief and hope are, that an increased sa- 
gacity will administer to an exalted fame — 
that it will make men not merely believe in the 
cold doctrines of natural religion, but that it 
^dll so prepare and temper the spirit and un- 
derstanding, that they will be better qualified 
to comprehend the great scheme of human re- 
demption. My firm belief is, that that supe- 
rior sagacity which is most conversant with 
the course and constitution of nature, which 
sees the wonderful preparations that are made 
for the subsistence and enjoyment of the 
meanest animal, will be the first to believe 
that that Almighty Being, who has made such 
preparation for mere physical enjoyments, has 
not left in neglect and indifference the immor- 
tal soul of man. Knowing the difficulties that 
attend every object which we can see ; observ- 
ing the gradual system of progression and 
change; and that one course of existence is 
made preparatory for another, I am sanguine 
enough to believe, that that superior sagacity 
will be the first to turn a deaf ear to objections 
and presumptions against revealed religion, 
will be the first to acknowledge the complete 
harmony of the Christian dispensation with 
all that reason, assisted by revelation, tells us 
of the course and constitution of nature. These 
are serious and solemn subjects, but I hope 
not unfitted for an occasion when we contem- 
plate an institution of this nature." 

Cf)e dati)erer. 



Bishop Atterbury was in the habit of call- 
ing the instruments of his advancement scaf" 
folding* 

The Builder of St, PauVs.—The salary of 
i^ Christopher Wren, for building St. Paul's, 
was three hundred a-year ! ! Brilliant as 
this metropolitan structure is, it is nothing 
compared to a Wren^9 nest. 



Demosthenes and Demwles. -Demosthenes 
left corrected copies of all his best speeches. 
Dema4es left none. For aught we know to 
the contrary, therefore, Theophrastus might 
have been quite right in saying, as reported 
in Plutarch, that Demosthenes was worUiy 
of Athens, and Demades above it. 

The Townley Marbles,— '^e finest thing 
among these marbles is the Bacchus ; bo 
beautiful, self-possessed, and severe. This ii 
Bacchus, the mighty conqueror of India ; he 
is not a drunken boy. He is the power, not 
the vietim of wine. 

The earliest pastoral poets, were the sweetest, 
the purest, and the best ; and aJl subseqoent 
Sheep-singers, from Virgil down, through 
Spenser and Gay, to the £ttrick Shepherd 
and Clare, have been but indifferent performen 
upon the pastoral pipe. 

Necessity tempts tlie poor man. Avariet 
tempts the rich. ' 

Statues, — The monument to the late BialMf i 
Butler is to be executed by Sir Fimads Ch " 
trey, who last week visited Shrewsbinyi 
select a site for it in St. Mary's ohnreh. ' 
subscription for Lord Holland'B 
already exceeds £5,000. 

It is not the monkey that plays the , 
but it is the man that plays the monkij. 
Endymion, — 

A loTt^iy youth tlivre siti. with Bocm-tarMI-l 
Alone on Latmot' top ; hi* ■hooldBr »httt 
Uucoveied. and his perfect fimn hud baiv 
To the descending; or the insatiate lipht. 

Hatfieldy the Lunatic, who fired ft .„ 
pistol, in Drurylane Theatre, at GeoMB , 
Third, May 15, 1800, and acquitted €■:! 
ground of his insanity, died, at Bethlem Ii 
pital, on Saturday, the 23d inst., aged.fi9. 

Necrology. — Bertrand Barreare, the 
lutionist, lately died at Tarbes, in I. 
aged 85. This eloquent orator of the 
vention, whose, pretty periods sent fo bM 
to the scaffold, was, for his perfsotia& iiTS 
kind of pastoral, sumamed <^tlie Aiuuneoft ii 
the Guillotine." 

Mr. Frank Hall Standish, who died ft'ivmk 
or two sinee, has bequeathed his oolleetioiitf 
pictures— 8a;id to be extraotrdinarily rich 
Murillos— to the King of the Fre&di. 

Lofty and pure sentiment is the life 
hope of a people. — Ohanhing. 

TO CORRESPONDENTS. ^ 

Jeeepted.-** Oreecer by F.-^Tkree' Somnets kyJ.JL 
Oibson.—" The SottUer Knight amd Ms^ LtU^Utt,* 
has been receioed, wUh seoeral others wMch wterk »f 
earliest attention, 

' We by to decline:"*' The Silver Cord^ ha L. IT- 
'ILinesr byRJ, /..— " The Sea:' by J, B-^s.—^ Tk 
Waoe/l >*^ ^ Oermam of Tie^^" The hishir- 
man," by Faust.—" The Carrier Dore," 

Air Duff '< comnmnieaium lies fo r Mm at the Ogkt, 

LONDON: Printed andpubtished hy J, LihiBIBJf. 
143» Strand, (near Somerset Houte^e and sold heeM 
Bt^ellers and Newsmen.— In PARIS, beaUtheMf 
setters, — /• FRANCFORT CHARLES JOOML. 



tCtie :Pltrroi' 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 
No. 10<fi.J SATURDAY, FEHRUARY fi, 1841. [I'iiice 'Jrf. 




OR, CHIEF IDUL OF CllL l_Ei.T.%T\M, ^-ywXKt.. 



82 THE MIRROR. 

THE IMPERIAL JOSS, was formerly a palace belonging to the Wang- 

OR, CHIEF IDOL OF THE CELESTIAL EMPIRE. *?^' ^'J^« ^^*^® P^'^P? of Canton, befoW 

the Tartars conquered China, and who wu 

Represented in our Engraying, is the most then an independent prince. Before the prin- 

rcTered Idol in the Chinese empire ; it is cipal gate of the temple, two large images, 

designated Tien-tan, or the Eminence of Hea- one on each side, are placed. Each of them, is 

ven. The next idol in importance is the Tee- about twelve feet high, with spears and lances 

tan, or Eminence of the Earth, The former in their hands, somewhat resembling those in 

is known as the Imperial, being the one to Guildhall. This gate leads through alarge payed 

which the Emperor and chief grandees offer court into the temple, by a few stone steps, 

their sacrifices : the middle and lower classes The lower part of the Joss-house is built with 

worship the latter deity. These structures, fine hewn stone, but the upper part is all of 

are adorned with all the magnificence of archi- timber. In the lower hall are images of all 

tecture ; and when the Emperor is about to sizes, ahd of different dignities, all finely gilt, 

offer sacrifice the greatest pomp and solem- and kept exceedingly clean by the priests, 

nity is observed. The lesser images are placed in corners of the 

Previous to the intended ceremony, the wall, and one of a larger size in the middle of 

monarch, and all the grandees who are en- the hall. In the centre is placed the large 

titled to assist, prepare themselves, during god, who sits in a lazy posture, with his heels 

three days, by retirement, fasting, and conti- drawn up to his buttocks, almost naked, par- 

ncnce. No public audiences are given, and no ticularly his breast and belly, and leaning on 

tribunals are open. Marriages, funerals, and a large cushion. He is ten times larger than 

entertainments of every kind, are prohibited: an ordinary man, very corpulent, of a merry 

and no person is permitted to eat either flesh countenance, and gilt all over. Upstairs ai9 

or fish. On the appointed day, the sovereign a great many images, of men an4 women, who 

appears in the utmost possible splendour, sur- had been deified for their brave and virtnons 

rounded with princes and officers of state, and actions. 

attended by every circumstance demonstra- The Idols of these Temples are, moreowr, 

tive of a triumph. Everything in the temple representatives of various genii, or guardna 

corresponds in magnificence with the appear- spirits, whose respective attributes are ex- 

ance of the Emperor. The utensils are all pressed by certain emblems connected with 

gold, and never applied to any other purpose, their statues. Thus, a sabre announces the god 

while even the musical instruments are of un- of war ; a guitar, the god of music ; aglobe^ 

common size, and also reserved for such com- the Spirit of Heaven. Some of these are fre- 

mon occasions. But while the monarch never quently thirty, fifty, sixty, and even eig^ity 

displays greater external grandeur and state feet in height, with a multitude of hands mk 

than during these processions, he never exhi- arms. , 

bits greater personal humility and dejection One of the most stupendous in China is a 
than during the time of sacrifice, prostrating goddess of the class of Poosa, which signifief 
himself on the earth, rolling himself in the all-helping, or plant-preserving, and is app** 
dust, speaking of himself to the Shang-tee in rently a personification of nature. She is n* 
terms of the utmost abasement, and appa- presented sometimes with four heads and forty 
rently assuming so much magnificence of ap- or fifty arms, each of the heads being directed 
pearance and attendance only to testify, in a towards one of the cardinal points, and eaoh 
more striking manner, the infinite distance of the arms holding some useful production of 
between the highest human dignity and the the earth ; each, arm, also, often supports a 
majesty of the Supreme Being. number of smaller amis, while the head if 
It is upon the buildings of their great idols covered with a group of smaller heads. Qua 
that the Chinese bestow most cost, and in of these idols, seen by M. Van Braam, was 
which they are most whimsically extravagant, ninety feet high, with four heads and forty- 
They reckon about four hundred and eighty four arms. The divinities in the interior of 
of these temples of first rank, adorned with the temples are of smaller proportions, and it 
every thing curious, and filled with an incredi- various postures ; sometimes alone, and it 
ble number of idols, before which hang lamps other times surrounded by a number of infiv 
continually burning. The whole are supposed rior idols ; some with the heads of animal% 
to be served by three hundred and fifty thou- others with horns on the forehead ; some re- 
sand Bonzes, or priests. dining, as at rest, others seated cross-legged 
The height of these temples, or Joss-houses, upon flowers or cars ; but all of them repre- 
as they are commonly called, is generally one sented in a state of great corpulency, \fiddL 
fltory high, but that very immense. They are the Chinese regard as an honourable quality, 
decorated with a number of artificial flowers. The idol Fo is seated upon a nelumbium flower, 
embroidered hangings, curtains, and fringes, a species of water-lily . The goddess of light- 
One of these Joss-houses, situated in the ning standd erect, with two circles of fire is 
skirt of the north-east side of the suburbs of her hand, and a poignard at her girdle. The 
Canton, makes a splendid appearance. It is spirit of fire walks upon burning wheels, and 
four stories high, has a fine cupola, with many holds a lance and a circle. The goddess of 
outhouses and galleries. This grand edifice all things, named Teoo-moo, with eight arms, 



THE MIRROR. 83 

ifJIf*^ "* tj^**^ *^^ by MTen black jHE YOUNG SULTAN'S « LETTER OF 

♦J^ ^® goddess aung-moo, or holy mother, FELICITATION" TO OUR QUEEN, 
(be most ancient and modem of all the female 

deities whose oharacter implies nniversal nn- Has lately been receiyed : it is quite a gem 

dentandin^, or, more literally, ^ the faculty of the purest oriental rhetoric, and an unique 

of knowing all that ear has heard, or mouth specimen of the flowery eloquence so peculiar 

bs uttered," was considered by the Catholic to the East. Nor is the form less remarkable 

missionaries, as a shocking resemblance of than its tenour, as may be easily supposed 

their Holy Virgin. Her statue is generally from the following particulars, with which we 

represented with a glory round the head, and haye been fayoured from a yalned source : — 

a child in her hand or on her knee, holding a The letter is about three feet in length, by 

flower of the Lien-hoa (nelumbium), or placed four or fiye inches in width. It is written in 

ipon a leaf of that plant. There are diyini- yery beautiful characters, small, but extremely 

tns, in short, of all possible shapes, and so distinct, and eyidently done with great care. 

umerous, that one pagoda, on the Lake See- In the margin is the autograph of the Sultan, 

IiM>, contained five hundred of them within its with an ennmoration of all the titles of *' the 

= walls. Most High and yery Powerful Seigneur," 

In every city, almost, there is a temple which haye ap{>ertained to his Highness s 

dedicated to Confucius, as a tutelary spirit, in ' predecessors from time immemorial. The 

which either his statue or picture is preserved; paper is of fine quality, resembling, but supe- 

besides these temples, numerous small chapels rior to, vellum, and with a fine enamel on its 

I iro to be seen in the country and villages, surface. The letter was enclosed in an en- 

% dedicated to the different spirits presiding velope, and sealed with the armorial bearings 

^ erer the land, the water, the mountains, &c. ; of the Sultan. The whole was enclosed in a 

'■* but frequently, instead of a temple, there is rich sachet (or small bag, similar to a lady's 

^.. nerely a stone placed upright at the foot of a reticule) of crimson satin, elaborately em* 

tree et bamboo bush, with the name of the broidered with silk and gold, and to which 

' tatdanr divinity engraved upon it, and a few wore attached a cord and tassel of bullion of 

paper flowers by way of ornament. the most recherche manufacture. 

Idols are held in more or less estimation, ■ ■ — — • 

aeoording to the favours which they are sup- CopO^tTcIl)!))). 

posed to bestow upon their votaries ; and ^ ^ * * 

vkeD. after repeated applications, their suit is 

noTSanted, thTy abandon the spirit of that ^"^ ^^^^^h trotestant church in 

tniple as a god without power, or, perhaps, threadneedle street, 

poll down the edifice, and leaye the statues Which is now being pulled down in order to 

ttposed in the open air. Numbers of Joss- widen the street and improve the approach 

mum are iluis seen in ruins, their bells lying to the New Royal Exchange from Bishops- 

ontiie ground, their monstrous idols lying un- gate Street, is nearly two hundred years okl, 

siMbered, and their bonzes wandering in quest haying been rebuilt a few years after its de- 

of alms, or a more fortunate asylum. struction by the groat Fire of London in 1 660. 

Sometines the fallen deity is treated with In the year 1550, the French Protestant 

^ utmost indignity and conl^mpt. '' Thou refugees hired of the Chapter of Windsor the 

d(^ of a spirit !" the enraged votaries will ground on which the original structure was 

il cary, ^ we lodge thee in a commodious Joss- afterwards erected; King Edward VI. grant- 

\ T*^ ihon art well-fed, well-gilt, and re- ing them a charter to preach the truths of the 

m fismi abundance of incense ; and yet, after Gospel ; and Queen Elizabeth confirmed their 

e| all flie care bestowed upon thee, thou art un- privileges in 1560. The first minister was 

gottM enough to refuse us necessary things !" the celebrated Jean k Lasco. In 1 685, 1 3,00U 

/. 3%en, tying the idol with cords, they drag it French refugees came to settle in London, in 

' tfafooi^ the kennel and bespatter it with filth, the districts of Long- Acre, Seven -Dials, Soho, 

But would they happen, during this scene of and Spitalfields, which they peopled. — They 

Vingeance, to obtain, or to fancy they have brought thither their industry, and their ha- 

obtuned, their object, then they carry hack bits of labour and of morality. No less than 

the insulted divinity to its place with great twenty churches flourished in the beneficent 

ceremony, wash it with care, prostrate them- reigns of William III. and Queen Anne: that 

aelyes before it, acknowledge their rashness, called the **" Church of London (the above 

sapplicate forgiyeness, and promise to gild it place of worship) has survived the greater 

agun upon condition that what is past be for- number of the others ; it being the only one 

gotten. Sometimes, those who have found representing a place of refuge — the only one 

*11 their gifts and worship unavailing, have wliich has preserved, together with the Dutch 

brought the idol and its bonzes to a solemn Church, its right to the charter of Edward VI. 

trial before the mandarins, and procured the The last sermon in this church was preached 

trinity to be dismissed as useless, and its on Jan. 3d, by its minister, the Rev. C. Baup, 

priests to be punished as impostors. his text being taken from 1st of Samuel, ch. 7, 

v. 12 : — " He has uupported us up to the pre- 
sent time." 
g2 



84 THE MIRROR. 

PETRARCH'S LAURA. ^«* ^?¥?; **i *^? SP™« ^ Summer, the 

emenud-tinted raiment of fine green. It u 

So long as the sap inyigorates the rose, cans- the nniversal love-colour of nature. Saffiron 

ing it to shine with its emerald leaves, and or purple may please for awhile, but if ererj 

elevate its blushful head as the pride of the branch were clothed in either, they would 

garden, or glory of the valley, so long do men speedily become insufferable to the eye. But 

appreciate and value it; but let the fair flower- green is catholic to all, and through all its 

queen fade, and men think no more of conser- gradations of shades, and wherever or when- 

ving its memory and figure, save by keeping ever beheld, gratifies untiringly the eye. 

its dried petals in an herbarium or floral And next to it, what more sumptuous than 

winding-sheet. But is it in this repository, scarlet ; to have seen Laura raimented ia 

think ye, that the Queen of Beauty is to be this, must have been a vision angelical. The 

discovered 1 in that dry, withered case, and in rich warmth, native to the colour, throws a 

those dimmed leaves what tells of her who ruddier tint on the complexion, and a softer 

sprang from the rock-cleft in glory, with the rosiness on the wearer's neck. Its full round 

colours of heaven in her bosom, and spangUng drops, too, fold luxuriantly around the limbfl, 

mom-dews on her brow! and invest them with a splendid glow. 

The sorry metamorphosis which arises from But all these were secondary to the nn- 
this former transition, is just analogous to 'imaginable grace with which her ovni person 
that which takes place in the transferment of invested them, and which above all smit 
living and breathing beauty, to the metal of Petrarcha. Sonnet after sonnet, vnth tbor 
the engraver. SubtUely may such a one draw deep and fervent dedications, were succei- 
on steel — ^finely may he incise and elaborate sively laid at the feet of this soul-captivating 
the plate, but what shall be his cutting save a woman, who had enthralled, as vnth love- 
frigid and motionless transcript of the balmy links of roses, his soul and its affections, 
and animate type. The eye may sparkle on Arcady had indeed been blessed, if death had 
the steel, but it is fixed and immoveable, it not broke in upon their blessedness, 
hath nothing of the *' ^irnQoxov avyrip,*' the 

swift-fiashing showers of lustre, that fall 

from the original ; the lip may be ripe and T^rnwinj ptjawtmc 

pouting, but where will be the honeyed dews, * LU W H^K-LKaw JNb. 

and nectars, and delights t The flowers of the earth and the blooms of the 

These remarks spring up in our mind, as fruit-bough formed all the simple and unez- 

we view the most faithful portrait that is sup- pensive beauty of the first crown, and it mm 

posed to have ever existed of Laura, the woven by the hands of primal Love, for the 

charmer of Petrarch. It is to be seen in the brow of primal Beauty. It was in the f^ 

superb Paduan edition of the *' Rime de F. tering Eden-bowers of the young world that 

Petrarca." Young, beautifully young, is she the hand of Adam first separated the flower 

represented, and when fancy supplies rose- of asphodel from its stem and the amaranth 

bloom to the face of the engraving and other from its stalk, to knit and connect them into a 

winning airs and shadowings of grace, it is coronal for Eve. But after their expulBua 

assuredly fiiU of spell and enchantment. A from the glorious garden, this fra^e oma- 

sweeter oval never existed in nature, than ment of nature, surviving those whom it waa 

forms the sphericity of her face. Her fea- intended to adorn, was laid by despair on their 

tures attract by no Roman jut or prominency, tombs as the emblem of woe ; so that, thence- 

but a settled and subdued regularity invests forward. Death had its crown as well as Lofe» 

them with the exquisite expression which ex- Then, many beautiful religions began te 

clusively belongs to a '' virgin of gnMe/' or a covet, in their turn, this sweet decoration. The 

divine. Madonna. The eye, too, looks out on priestess at the shrine interwove them inker 

you with a dark, flxed beauty ; and no mar- tresses, and the horns of the altar smiled gaily 

ble bust or statua ever looked more calm or with their colours. With flowers the victins 

more serene that the contour of the tout en- of sacrifice were garlanded, and the temples 

semble. Truly, in the mirror of Petrarch's of Kings were coronetted best by them. So 

soul, was a beautiful image reflected. long as simplicity reigned in the hearts of 

But Simon of Siena has painted her too, and men, and no gayer gauds or artificialities were 

and from that picture, as well as from Petrarch thought of, a branch of foliage, or fiowen 

and her marriage-deed, we know by what twined together, were sufficient for love, for 

becoming vestures, and shades of dress, she the sorrows of the tomb, and the worship of 

further enhanced her loveliness. According the Gods. 

to Simon's picture, she wears a green robe. Under the heavenly skies and atmospherei 

and in her marriage-contract, we are told that of Greece, the fashion of crowns was preva- 

she received, upon the occasion, two dresses, lent in all ranks, and scarce a head that glit- 

one of green, the other scarlet. And for tered not beneath one. Rare were the rava- 

this, we worship her the more. Green was ges made among the broad-leaved laurels; for 

with her, as it has always been with us, a circlets of darker shade, were plucked the 

favourite. No beautiful tree in nature — and green young tops of the pine ; and the strong 

no beautiful Hamadryad of a beautiful tree — oak yielded up its corrugate leaves, with the 



THE MIRROR; 85 

palm uid linden, and fifty other trees of lithe of some literary friendsy thai it should, at 

and delicate fi-ond. From these, descent was least, produce twice that snm. But, alas ! 

made to the rich green twigs of the myr- when the bookseller, with a significant shrug, 

tie, roses were rayished from their stems by showed a hesitation as to publishing the work 

handfnls, and even the crisped parsley-leaves at all, even those moderate expectations 

contributed to form the coronal either of reward seemed to close upon him. 

or pleasure. Each in turn ennobled the front of '' And will you give me no means of hopes 1" 

the harp-man or poet, the brows of the sinewy- said he, in a tone of despair, 

limbed wrestler, and the high-souled patriot ; ^ Very faint ones, indeed, sir," replied the 

the lover, too, cinctured his hair therewith, bookseller, '* for I have scarcely any that the 

and lovely virgins looked lovelier still when book will move.*' 

decorate with those fair-tinted floralities. " Well, sir," answered Fielding, ** money I 

Sparta, too, prized the flower-crown; for, in must have for it ; and, little as that may be, 

the formidable pass, with his devoted band, pray give me some idea of what you can afford 

Leonidaa and his followers, like victims for to give for it." 

sacrifice, rushed heroically on destruction, "• Well, sir," returned our bookseller, again 
crowning themselves victors over death. shrugging up his shoulders, ^ I have read 
" It was with two or three hundred crowns some part of your 'Jones,' and in justice to 
of oak," says Montesquieu, " that Rome con- myself, must even think again before I name 
qaered the world ; and so long as the oak a price for it. The book will not move ; it is 
girt men's foreheads, Rome ruled the empires not to the public, nor do I think that any in- 
of the world. But when the oak of Camillus ducement can make me offer you more than 
ind the Scipios was replaced by the voluptu- twenty-five pounds for it." 
008 fillets of Lucullus, and *' Sparge rosas! — '' And that you will give for it 1" said Field- 
sparge rosas ! " was cried aloud in the cham- ing, quickly. 

bers of the wine-quaffers, luxury crept, and *' Really, I must think again, and will en- 

Yalonr succumbed, under her softer rule, deavour to make up my mind by to-morrow." 

Bald-head Caesar wore a crown of manly "Well, sir," replied Fielding, "I will look 

lanrel, but the poignard of Brutus was crim- in again to-morrow morning. The book is 

soned to its hilt, on the day he would have ex- yours for the twenty-five pounds ; but these 

changed it for the crown of Tarquin. must positively be laid out for me when I call. 

Bat the pomp of thrones halted not here, I am pressed for the money ; and, if you de- 

and the simplicity of flowers little suited the cline, must go elsewhere with my manu- 

grand ones of the earth. Men in the cavern- script." 

908 places of the earth sought to discover " I will see what I can do," replied the 

where the veins of the bright gold grew, and bookseller. 

the sdntils of the diamond clustered together. Our aathor, returning homeward i^m this 

liGnes were then opened to the light of day ; unpromising visit, met his fHend Thompson, 

the Ophirian gold was curved into diadems; the poet, and told him how the negociation 

f and princes, so ornamented, thought them- stood for the manuscript which formerly he 

*■ nheshigh gods: then came disruption among had shewn him. The poet, sensible of the 

y the beds of chrysolite, and rosy-streaming ru- extraordinary merits of his friend's produc- 

bies were plucked out of Earth's side. Agate tion, reproached Fielding, with his headstrong 

ma everlaksting, compared to the frail flower; bargain, conjured him, if he could do it honor- 

•nd the brief beauty of a rose was a thing of ably, to cancel it, and promised him, in that 

no dnration, compared to the imperishability event, to find him a purchaser whose purse 

of adirysopraze or sapphire. would do more credit to his judgment. Field- 

TfaoB were the primitive flower-crowns sup- ing, therefore, posted away to his appointment 

piaoted, and became altogether unused, save the next morning with as much apprehension 

by the masquers of May, or the villagers of lest the bookseller should stick to his bargain, 

the hamlet. as he had felt the day before lest he should 

altogether decline it. To his great joy, the 

ignorant trafficker in literature, either from 

HELDING THE NOVELIST, AND inabUity to advance the money, or a want of 

Sir rr AID n^iuv SnnirciT tVd common discnmmation, returned the manu- 

MILLAR THE BOOKSELLER. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ .^^^ Fielding's hands. Our 

Fielding having finished the manuscript of author set off, with a gay heart, to his friend 

Tom Jones, and being at the time hard-pressed Thompson, and went in company with him to 

for money, went with it to one of your second- Mr. Andrew Millar, the popular bookseller of 

rate booksellers, with a view of selling it for the day. Mr. Millar was in the habit of pub- 

what it would fetch at the moment. He left lishing no work of light reading, but on his 

it with this tnider, and called upon him the wife's approbation ; the work was, therefore, 

Booeeeding morning, full of anxiety to know left with him, and some days after, she having 

if it would produce to him wherewithal to perused it, bid him by no means let it slip 

discharge a debt of some twenty pounds, through his fingers. Millar, accordingly, in- 

which he had promised to pay the next day. vited the two friends to meet hini at a coffee - 

He had reason to imagine, from the judgment house in the Strand, where, having disposed 



85 THE MIRROK. 

of a good dinner and two bottles of port, GEBIS FROM PHILOSOPHERS AND 

Thompson at last suggested, ^ It wovld be as DIVINES, 

well if they proceed^ to business." ^^ ^^ 

Fielding, still with no little trepidation, ' * 

arising from his recent rebuff in another quar- • 

ter, asked Millar what he had concluded upon Ir these little spArks of holy fire wliich I have heaped 

eiviniE for his work together do uot ^ive life to your prepored and already 

^ (( T »t* -J 1. « «f J- kiudled spirit, they will sometimes help to eutertaia a 

I am a man,' said he, of few words, thought, to actuate a passion, to employ and haUow A 

and fond of coming to the point ; but really, fancy.— Jeremy Taylor. 

after giving every consideration I am able to ■ 

your novel, I do not think I can afford to give Fttn^ra/ Pompa, 

you more than two hundred pounds for it." _ , , . ^i i. j xi. xv j* 

« What ! exclaimed Fielding, " two hun- T»te away but the pomps of death, the dis- 

dred pounds !" guises, and solemn bug-bears, and the actings 

" Indeed, Mr. Fielding," returned MiUar, ^J candlelight, and proper and fantastic c^re- 

« indeed 1 am sensible of your talent, but my ^^^'^^^ ^^^^ minstrels and the noisemakers, the 

mind is made up " women and the weepers, the swoomngs and 

" Two hundred pounds !" continued Field- J^® shriekings, the nurses and the physiciMj 

ing, in a tone of perfect astonishment, "two *^®^^?'^ T? ^""^ a^I '^'^'^'^.> *^® ^""^ 

hundred pounds did you say V ^""^ the watches, and then to die is easy,ready, 

« Upon my word, sir, 1 mean no disparage- ^^^ ^^ V^ its troublesome circumstance?.- 

mont to the writer, or his great merit, but my •^^'"^'"y ^«y^<^ * ^^^^^ ^i'*"^- 

mind is made up, and I cannot give more." Did a person but know the Talue of ai 

** Allow me to ask you," continued Field- enemy, he would purchase him with pure 

ing, "to ask you — whether — you — are — se — gold. (?) — Abbe de Ranuci. 

"'« N^ver more so," replied Millar, « in all ^^' ^^^«'«7 of Study and Contemplation, 

my life, and I hope you will candidly acquit ^ ^^n wonder at nothing more than how* 

me of every intention to injure your feeUngs, ^^^ «a^ ^^ idle; but of all others, a scholar; 

or depreciate your abilities, when I repeat »^ so many improvements of reason, m such 

that I positively cannot afford you more than J^nety of studies, m such importunity of 

two hundred pounds for your novel." thoughts; other artizans do but practice, we 

"Then, my good, sir," said Fielding, re- still learn; others run in the same g^e to 
covering himself from his unexpected stroke weanness, to satiety; our choice is mfimte, 
of good fortune, « give me your hand-the ?*her labours require recreation, our very la- 
book is yours. And waiter,'' continued he, ^^ur recreates oxa sports; we can never want 
« bring a couple of bottles of your best port." e^^^^?^ somewhat to do, or somewhat that we 

Before Millar died, he had cleared eighteen "^^^^ <?<>. . . . . . What an heaven hves a 

thousand pounds by Tom Jones, out of which scholar in, that at once, in one close room, 

he had the generosity to make Fielding pre- «»!» daily converee with all the glorious mar 

sents, at different times, of various sums, till ^"^^ and fathers! that can single out, at plea- 

they amounted to two thousand pounds; and sure, either sententious Tertulhan, or ^le 

he closed his life by bequeathing a handsome Cypnan, or resolute Hierome, or flowing Chrj- 

legacy to each of Mr. Fielding's sons. sostome, or divine Ambrose, or, who alone « 

' ^ all these, heavenly Augustine, and talk wiii 

them, and hear their wise and holy counseh^ 

verdicts, and resolutions. The mind, thew- 

fore, the mind only, that honorable and divine 

GILDED BRONZE. P*'*' > fi**?st to be employed of those wfco 

would reach to the highest perfection of men, 

T«« ..—«*:«« «,r ^M J • V iA J and would be more than the most. And what 

If «2r*n i?«v! SL^^f A^^ I^v^'a ^"^ work is there of the mind but the trade of a 

3lj^!Sf«H^I7T^^f^ scholar, study? Let me therefore f^ten this 

^al w« « ^Ml?^^^^ Jl' ?r ""^.i!"^*'" problem on our school-gates, and chSenge aU 

r«n J.« n?w^.t^^^^^^^^ of than the ex- ^^^^^^ .^ ^^^ defence of it that no scholar 

Pl?nv?!irfaT.'^^^ A A ^ ^a^not but bo truly noble.-iBt*Aop HaW* 

rimy tells us that Nero commanded a sta- j?^i„ti^ t^ ilt^ ^liL^^a 

tue of Alexander, by Lysippus, to be gilt; but ^^"'^^ ^^ ^''' Mxlward. 

when done it was found to have so much in- Destruction of the Crusaders. 

jured the effect or beauty of the work, that Egypt is a low, level country, except somo 

the gold was by the emperor's orders re- few advantages which the Egyptians had for- 

moved. tified themselves. Through the midst of the 

The injury was doubtless occasioned by the land ran the river Nilus; whose stream they 

glitter and sparkling ofthe light upon the pro- had so bridled with banks and sluices, that 

jecting and shining surfaces, destroying the they could keep it to be their own servant, 

breadth, and consequent grandeur and unity and make it their enemies' master at pleasure, 

of effect, secured by the more sober colour of The Christians confidently march/ed on; and 

the bronze. the Turks perceiving their game was come 



THE MIRROR. 87 

witiiin the tolly pierced their banks, and, un- it is harder, and more contingent, and more 

muzzling the river, let it run open month upon difficult for him to be satisfied. Epicnms 

them; yet so, that at first they drowned them said, ^ I feed sweetly upon bread and water, 

but up to the middle, reserving their lives for those sweet and easy provisions of the body, 

a further purpose, thereby in exchange to re- and I defy the pleasures of costly provisions." 

cover Dalmatla and their country's liberty. And the man was so confident that he had the 

iSee here the land of Egypt turned in an instant advantage over wealthy tables, that he thought 

into the E^gyptian sea! see an army of sixty himself happy as the immortal gods, 
thousand, as the neck of one man, stretched All our trouble is from within us; and if a 

on the block, and waiting the fatal stroke. — dish of lettuce and a clear fountain can cool 

Dr, Fulier^s Holy \^ar, all my heats, so that I shall have neither 

p^l^g thirst nor pride, envy nor ambition, I am 

T X, , WT i. iv MT jf lodged in the bosom of felicity. — Jeremy Tay- 

I thank Heaven, amongst those millions of lor's House of Feastina ^ ^ 

tices I do inherit and hold from Adam, I have *' ^' 

escaped one — Pride; a vice, whose name is Return of Kindness. 

comprehended in a monosyllable, but in its Vothinir makes societies so fair and lastinir 

nature not circnmscribed with a world; those ,„ ,,7'*t°*^, , ®^^^*^^®"®^, ^V ? *i S^ 

.^ .... 1 .1 /. A' i.1. J. as the mutual endearment of each other by 

petty acquisitions aud reputed perfections that "Z^\ ax "'*'** ^ * ii i 

T ^ ^11 X xi- -f i» xi. cood omces; aud never did anv man a irood 

advance and elevate the conceits of other men, f„^^ . . . i' .t.^^ k„V ^~, ,.^/ ^, ^*i.L u;.„ 

..J X- „*!,««„ *^ «,:„«. T !,„«« „««„ « «•««, *w^ t-o nis brother, but onetime or otnernim- 

add no feathers to mine; 1 nave seen a gram- „ !« j. i ^ ^ . v ^ ''i. « •. mi i : 

. J 1 u« ^fi „ : ,i« self did eat the fruit of it. Tnc good man in 

manan towor and plume himself over a single xi ^ r« ^^i xu ^ * i i j » 

line of Horace- aiid shew more uride in the *^® ^^®®^ epigram, that found a dead man's 
mieot wprace, ana snew more priae in tne j^^j unburied, in kindness digging a grave 

«jnstractionofoneodej^hant^ ^^^ . opened 'the enclosures of a\reas«re; 

composure of the whole book. I k"ow the ^^^ ^^ ^ . ^ ^^^^ 

wmes, and somewhat more of all the constel. ^j^^^ ^ ' ^^ Burgundy, was sleep- 

nnons m my horizon; yet I have seen a pra- . , . ., _ ' ° „ i..fi , •'* » , . „ *^ 

^. • au * li I *i. i> : * mg by the murmurs of a little brook, his ser- 

tmg manner, that could only name the Point- » J • , ,. , cominir from his master's 

m and tho North Star, out-talk me, and con- ll^\ ®^P'7 * ^^'^ ';^™^"« "J?^ ^^ ^t 1 ,* 

— :* i.:«„«n? « «r!,^i« J^\>^^^ oV^.^««^«« c.-. hcad, aud essaying to pass the water, but 

erthimself a whole sphere above mo.-^.r ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^J^ because it could not, he hid 

iwmas isrowne. j^lg g^y^^j ^^^^ ^^^q brook, and made an iron 

Comeliness and the Grave, bridge for the little beast, who, passing, en- 

I have read ot a fair young German gentle- Je^e^ *^*°>^ ?^^' *°f. fPeedily returned 

nan, who living, often refused to be pictured, ^^^ "»*o Jj^? king, and disturbed him (as it 

Imt put off the importunity of his friend's do- « supposed) mto a dream m which he saw an 

me by giving way that after a few day's bu- J^"^ bridge, which landed him at the foot of 

liaL they might send a painter to his vault, ^^ ,?^"°**'"' ^^®'®' 'J ^5 ^i ^«* ^! 

ud, if they ^w cause for it, draw tho image should find a great heap of gold. The servant 

flf his death unto the Ufe. They did so, and expounded his master's dream, and shewed 

fimnd his face half-eaten, and his midriff and ^^^i the iron bridge, and they digged where 

kekbone full of serpents; and so he stands *J»« J^^^^ ^^ entered, where they found in- 

pirtured among his armed ancestors. So does deed a treasure ; thus the servants piety 

Se fairest beauty change, and it will bo as ^as rewarded upon his lord s head, and pro- 

kd with you as him; and then what servants c^^ed wealth to one, and honour to the other. 

Aill we have to wait upon us in the gravel "Jeremy Taylor s Worthy Communicant. 

vbat friends to visit us? what officious people 

ti deanse away the moist and unwholesome 

doid reflected upon our faces from the sides THEORIZERS ON BEAUTY. 

Jf&e weeping vaults, which are the longest p^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^at art thou! In the 

weepers for our funeral. — Jeremy Taylors ^»i«>'*«'';* «* ^''«""j >''"""**« •'*«'"• . ;"" 

ffolvDvina infinite shapes which thou assumest, how is thy 

w ^^ 9' ^ definite nature to be perceivedl Many master- 

Pursuit of the Good and Fair. minds have put this question to themselves. 

Whatever the Deity may have bestowed ^pd have laboured to divine it, but in the va- 

■pen me in other respects, he has certainly nety of opimons below, will best be seen their 

laired me, if any ever were inspired, with a disagreements. In what golden weU wiU the 

passion for the good and fair. Nor did Ceres, tr^th and true theory be found? 
lecording to the fable, ever seek her daughter plato. 

Proserpine with such unceasing solicitude, as 

I have sought this perfect model of the beau- The most ancient speculation of which it is 

tiful in all the forms and appearances of necessary to take notice may be traced in the 

things I am wont, day and night, to continue Dialogues of Plato, though of their tenor it is 

ay search.— -3f*//on'< Letter to Deodati. scarce possible to give any intelligible or con- 
sistent account. It should never be forgotten. 

Pleasures qf the World not true Felicity, however, that it is to this ingenious spirit that 

He that cannot be satisfied with common we owe the suggestion that it is Mind alone 

pvoTudon, hath a bigger need than he that can; that is beautiful; and that, in perceiving 



86 THE MIRROR. 

beMiy, it only coiitempl»k68 the shadow of its lord bhaptbsbukt— addisoii— HurcBiBOir. 
own aflbotions: — a doctrine which, however ^ , ^ ^ 
myiticaUy unfolded in his writings, or how- Among oursdres, we are not aiwe of My 
erer combined with extravagant or absurd considerable pubhcatiwi wi the subjec* tUl the 
speculations, unquestionably carries in it the appearance of Lord Shaftesbury's C^raete^ 
germ of all the truth that has since been re- ristics, m which a sort of rapturous Platonic 
vealed on the subject. By far the hii^est doctrine is deUvered as to the eiostence of a 
dissertation, however, that this great philoso- primitive and supreme good and «>«»?*y'i!3? 
pher has left upon the nature of beauty, is to of a certain internal sense, by which botti 
be found in the dialogue entitled the Greater beauty and moral merit were distinguished. 
Hippidsy which is entirely devoted to the Addison published several ingOTiousp^rsim 
inquiry; but there is no practical wisdom in The Spectator on the pleasure of the imagi- 
his fine-drawn speculations, nor any of that nation, and was the first, we believe, who re- 
spirit of patient observation by which alone ferred them to the specific sources of beauty, 
any sound view of such objects can ever be sublimity and novelty. He did not enter much, 
attained. however, into the metaphysical discussion or 

the nature of beauty itself; and the first phi- 

There are some hints on this subject in the quiry of Dr. Hutcheson, first published, we 

works of Xenophon, and some scattered ob- believe, in 1725. 

servations in those of Cicero, who was the first. In this work the notion of a peculiar inter- 

we believe, to observe that the sense of beauty nal sense, by which we are made sensible of 

is peculiar to man; but nothing else, we be- the existence of beauty, is very boldly pro- 

lieve, in classical antiquity, which requires to mulgated, and maintained by many ingenious 

be analyzed or explained. It appears that arguments. Yetnothing, we conceive, can be 

St. Augustine composed a large treatise on more extravagant than such a proposition; 

beauty, and it is to be lamented that the spe- and nothing but the radical fiiults of the other 

culations of that acute and ardent genius on parts of the hypothesis could possibly have 

such a subject, have been lost. We discover, driven the learned author to its adoption, 

from incidental notices in other parts of his Even after the existence of the sixth sense 

writings, that he conceived the beauty of all was assumed, he felt that it was still necessary 

objects to depend on their unity, or on the that he should explain what were the qnalities 

perception of the principle or design which by which it was gratified, and these he was 

fixed the relations of their various parts, and pleased to aJlege were nothing but the oom- 

presented them to the intellect or imagination binations of variety with unifomiity ; all 

as one harmonious whole. It would not be objects, as he has himself expressed it, which 

fair to deal very strictly with a theory with are equally uniform being beautiftil in propor- 

which we are so imperfectly acquainted; but tion to their variety, and all objects eqiuklly 

it may be observed that, while the author is various being beautiful in proportion to their 

so far in the right as to make beauty consist uniformity. Now, not to insist upon the ob- 

in a relation to mind, and not in any physical rious and radical objection that this is not 

quality, he has taken far too narrow and cir- true in fact as to fiowers, landscapes, or in- 

cumscribed a view of the matter, and one deed of anything but architecture, if it be true 

which seems almost exclusively applicable to of that, it could not fail to strike the ingenious 

works of human art ; a beautiful landscape, author that these qualities of uniformity and 

or a beautiful horse, has no more unity or variety were not of themselves agreeable to 

traces of design, than one which is not beau- any of our known senses or faculties except 

tiful. when considered as symbols of utility or do* 

What the schoolmen taught on this subject sign, and therefore could not very intelligibly 
we do not pretend to know, but the discussion account for the very lively emotions which we 
does not seem to have been resumed for long often experience from the perception of beauty, 
after the rerival of letters. The followers of where the notion of design or utility was not 
Leibnitz were pleased to maintain that beauty at all suggested. He was constrained, there- 
consisted in perfection; but what constituted fore, either to abandon this view of the nature 
perfection they did not attempt to define, of beauty altogether, or to imagine a new sense 
M. Crouzas wrote a long essay to show that or faculty, whose characteristic and descrip- 
beauty depended on these five elements — tion it should be to receive delight fh>m the 
variety, unity, regularity, order, and propor- combinations of uniformity and variety, with- 
tion; and the P^re Andr^ a still longer one, out any consideration oftheir being significant 
to prove that, admitting these to be the true of things agreeable to our faculties; and this 
foundations of beauty, it was still most impor- being accomplished by the mere force of the 
taut to consider, that the beauty which results assumption and the definition, there was no 
from them is either essential, or natural, or room for further dispute or difficulty in the 
artificial, and that it may be greater or less, matter. 

according as the characteristics of each of these Some of Hutcheson's followers, such as Ge- 

classes are combined or set in opposition. rard and others, who were a little startled at 



^U MIRROR. 89 

the notion of» separate &ciil(7,ud yet wished traeliig'oat theielatioiis wUeli theoUeetpos- 
to retain the doctrine of beauty depending on aesang it mi^t have to other objects, and that 
Tariety and uniformity, moderated the system its beanty was in proportion to the number ' 
after their own way, but it amounted to no- and clearness of the relations, thus suggested 
thing but trifling. and perceived. The fallacies of this theory 

BUBKE. &ro attempted to be refhted in the Encyclope- 

dia Britannica, 
The next remarkable theory was that pro- 
posed by Edmund Burke, in his Treatise of father buffieb — sir joshua bbtmolds. 
the Sublime and Beautiful. But of this, in Another more plausible and ingenious theory 
q>ite of the great name of the author, we can- was suggested by the P^re Bufller, and after- 
not persuade ourselyes to say much. His ex- wards adopted and illustrated with great ta- 
phmation is founded on a species of material- lent in the Discourses of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 
ism — for it resoWes entirely into this, that all According to this doctrine, beauty consists, as 
objects appear beautiful wmch haye the power Aristotle held yirtue to do, in mediocrity, or 
of prodnoing a peculiar relaxation of our conformity to that which was most usual, 
nerves and fibres., and thus inducing a certain Thus, a beautiful nose, to make use of Dr. 
degree of bodily langour and sinking. Of all Smith's very apt illustration of this doctrine, 
the suppositions that haye been at any time is one that is neither very long nor very shorty 
hazarded to explain the phenomena of beauty, very straight nor very much bent, but of an 
this, we think, is the most unfortunate and ordinary form and proportion compared with 
the most weakly supported. There is no phi- all the extremes. It is the form, in shorty 
loso|diy in the doctrine ; and the fundamental which nature seems to haye aimed at in all 
aammption is in every way contradicted by cases, though she has more firequentlv deviated 
the most familiar experience. There is no re- from it than hit it; but, deviating nrom it in 
laation of the fibres in the perception of all directions, all her deviations come nearer 
beiiBty, and there is no pleasure in the relax- to it than they ever do to each otiier. Thus^ 
ation of the fibres. If there were, it would the most beautiful in every species of creatures, 
fbfloir, that a warm bath would bo by far the bears the greatest resemblance to the ifdiole 
BOflt beantifiil thing in the world, and that the species, while monsters are so denominiuted 
brilliant lights and bracing airs of a fine au- because they bear the least; and thus the beau- 
tomn morning would be the very reverse of tiful, though in one sense the rarest, as the 
besQtifid. Accordingly, though the treatise exact medium is but seldom hit, is invariably 
aOnded to will always be valuable on account the most common, because it is the central 
of the many fine and just remarks it contains, point firom which all the deviations are the 
we are not aware that there is any accurate least remote. This view of the matter is 
inquirer into the subject (with the exception, adopted by Sir Joshua in its full extent, and 
perhapsy of Mi, Price, in whose hands, how- is even carried so far by this great artist, that 
OTor, the doctrine assumes a new character) he does not scruple to conclude, ** Thai if we 
bj whom the fundamental principle of the were more used to deformitv tham beauty^ 
theory has not been explicitly abandoned. deformity would then lose the idea that is now 

annexed to it, and take that of b^uty—just 
DiDEBOT. as we approve and admire fashions in dress^ 

A yet more extravagant doctrine was after- for no other reason than that we are used to 
wvds inculcated, and in a tone of great autho- them." 
Rfcr, in a long article in the French Encyclo- 

p&,f^om the brilliant pen of Diderot, and alison— payne knight— duoald stewabt. 
ooeirhicli exemplifies, in a very striking man- The opinions expressed on the subject of 
W8, the nature of the difficulties with which beauty by Dr. Gerard, Dr. Blair, and a \diole 
(he fiflonssion is embarrassed. This ingenious herd of rhetoricians are nothing original, or 
penon, perceiving at once that the beauty what has not been expressed before. More 
iriiieh we ascribe to a particular class of objects recently, however, we have had three publica- 
eoold not be referred to any peculiar and in- tions on the subject of a far higher character; 
herent quality in the objects themselves, but we mean, Mr. Alison's Essays on the Nature 
depended upon their power of exciting certain and Principles of Taste, Mr. Payne Knight's 
sentiments in our minds — and being, at the Analytical Inquiry into the same subjects, 
nine time, at a loss to discover what common and Mr. Dugald Stewart's Dissertations on 
power could belong to so vast a variety of the Beautiful and on Taste, in his volume of 
objects as pass under the general appellation Philosophical Essays, These works possess 
of beautiftd, or by what tie all the various an infinite deal of merit, and have among them 
emotions which are excited by the perception disclosed almost all the truth that is to be 
of beauty, coidd be united — ^wasat last driven, known on the subject; though, as it seems to 
by his sense of the necessity of keeping his us, with some little admixture of error, from 
definition sufficiently wide and comprehensive which it will not, however, be difficult to se- 
to hazard the strange assertion, that all objects parate it. Mr. Alison's ftindamental princi- 
woe beautiful which excite in us the idea of pie, that all beauty, or at least, all the beauty 
f elation ; that our sense of beauty consists in of material objects, depends on the associations 



90 THE MIRROR; 

that may have OOniieoted thdm with the Ordi- Year past after year, yet yooi^ lover appeared Aot. 

nary affections or emotions of our nature; and ««*J'« »»«»>* of your love dUnoi die or grow dim, 

in tiiis, which is the fundamental point if his ^" '**"„^X *""' ^"ty-hi3 shadows you feared 

theory, we conceive him to be as clearly right, Your heart had a beauty impervious to him. 

as he is convincing and judicious in the CO- Your suushioy nature— afTectioas uudyiu^ 

pious and beautiful illustration by which he ^'J^e the incense tlmt burus on the devotee's slirinc, 

has sought to establish its troth. The work KepUhebrealhiuKsofftuth and ol hope round you fl 

i» n/r S- • i_i • !• 1 • J j:« a uu toucned you with tints every day more divuje. 

of Mr. Kmght is more lively, various, and dis- ni,«. «. ♦ j * i. , V , T 

., °T., .,. , u i. i, X O nappy to dream so^to live 80 fflad.hearted. — 

oirsive than Mr. Ahson/s, but not so systema- To trJst the delusion through l?Mif>ou could.) 

tic or conclusive. It is the cleverer book of Still to say, as you stood where your love and you 

the two, but not the most philosophical dis- parted.— 

cussion of the subject. He agrees with Mr. " ^ ^^°^ ''«" retu rn, for he pr omised he would." 

Alison in holding the most important, and, UNrFRTATNTV m? ttvtfat^jt 

indeed, the only considerable part of beauty to pbomt^ INFANT 

depend upon association, and has illustrated irKUMIbHi. 

this opinion with a great variety of just and The tempers of children are so various, that 

original observation. But he maintains, and some display their powers as soon as they 

maintains stoutly, that there is a beauty inde- speak. 

pcndeut of association, prior to it, and more Pope lisped in numbers ; some even presig- 

original and fundamental — the primitive and nify their glory before they articulate ; as iu 

natural beauty of colours and sounds. Mr. certain latitudes the sun is discernible, though 

Stewart's Essay on the Beautiful is rather for days and weeks he never rises above tlie 

philological than metaphysical. The object horizon ; while others, and the most famous, 

of it is to show by what gradual and succes- have been tardy in unfolding their abilities. 

sive extensions of meaning the word, though Robert of Sicily, though most famous for 

at first appropriated to denote the pleasing his learning and genius, was so torpid while a 

effect of colours alone, might naturally come boy, that he was with difficulty taught the 

to signify all the other pleasing things to rudiments of grammar. 

which it is now applied. In this investigation Claude, the unrivalled master of the dressed 

he makes many admirable remarks, and landscape, was a dull youth. 

touches with the hand of a master, upon many La Fontaine had not the spirit of poetry 

of the disputable parts of the question. awakened in him before his twenty- second year. 

Here the question at present rests; the ,'?^]^l\^^''t ^° P"*'^^^, testimony of his 

clearest truths upon the subject are undoubt- *^^e^,^s before he was twenty-seven, and Oow- 

edly put forth in the three last works above- Pej^did not become an author till he was fifty, 

mentioned. ?'' i^® contrary, Baratiere, John Condiac, 

and other boys of surprising abilities, pro- 

duced nothing meritorious. Their minds, like 

those bodies, which rapidly exceed the com- 

THE MAID OF ROUEN. mon growth, quickly decay, while those of 

,, ... .J , J A ordinary stature attain confirmed strength, 

A FEW years ago there lived a maiden lady at and a long-lived maturity. 
Rouen, who went every day, whether fair or 

foul, to sit on a little bench by the garden- BEQUEST TO THE KING OF THE 

gate, where her lover, a young officer, took FRENCH 

leave of her twenty years before, and was. The fuUowing is the passage in the will of the 

never heard of afterwards. late Mr. Frank Standish, which makes the 

This remarkable instance of constancy fur- bequest of pictures, &c., to King Louis Phi- 

nished the subject of an entertainment that Uppe ; the document itself is dated Julv 11 

«*fT.^*M ?J®** ^'I''''^''' '''''^f the title Of 1838:—" I give and bequeath to His Majesty 

« Nina;" the poet supposes her melancholy the King of the French, aU my books, manu- 

mad, but the lady m question was m her scripts, engravings, paintings, and drawings, 

perfect senses and after making her daily in Great Britain, or in any foreign countfy^ 

visit, sprightly. After a short ejacula ion, either for the sole and particular use of wj 

she always concluded with these words, « He said Majesty, or to be placed in any pubhc 

will certamly come back ; he promised me ebtablishmeiit he may thmk fit, as a testimony 

he would. of my esteem for a generous and polite nation, 

THE MAID OF ROUEN. which is always ready to welcome travellers, 

and which I have always visited with pleasure, 

In the ilesertoflire one oiisis is shining, and quitted with regret.*' The collection 

^""^ "bri«hi!- "*"" '°"*'*^ ** ^"' '^^'^ '' ™'"'® *^^^ bequeathed, contains several paintmgs of 

That oasis is love, where, enshrined, and enshrining, 1?!^^.,?"^®* Among them, besides the fine 

ileai-t looks into lieurt with a language oi' light. Murillos, are some by Zurbaran, and other 

^,. ., .„ f uu* 1 ,- 1* J masters of the Spanish school, and a isreat 

O fair muid of Rouen, your faith to love pi tghted, manv nf th« Ttalion Pl^^*;,.!, - ^ i?® ^ 

ITie drear night ofabseuce and sorrow withsloid. T^^J ^^ i? T^l? V ,™*^^' *°^ French 

Siill you said to the last, with-'a smUe all hope-lighted, BC'^ooiS' Most 01 the books are valuable, and 

" 1 know he'U return, fur he prpmised he would." they are upwards of 4,000 in number. 



THE MIRROR. 



91 



THE OLD SMITHY. 

A FA&M'HOUSB TALE. 
IFor the Mirror.'] 

** The snow is drifting on the ground, 

And loud the east wind roars ; 
Come, men and maidens, hie you in ; 

Kate, bar those creaking doors. 

** Call in the dogs, rouSe up the fire ; 

And, mistress, do you hear I 
Heat us a jug of elder wine. 

For the night is chill and drear." 
The good old dame, with clanking keys. 

Hung by her apron side, 
Throws back the carved oak cupboard door, 

With hospitable pride. 

There, tall-stalked glasses, flagons, flasks. 

And horns with silver rim. 
Old china beakers, cups, and bowls. 

With claws and frosted brim. 

Spice-bread and nuts for winter cheer, 

And saffron-cakes are stored. 
Tea, sugar, coffee, jars of sweets. 

And rum a liberal hoard. 

They hob and nob, the old house clock 

mith barely stricken seven, 
Bat^wine and warmth have made them yawn. 

As though it were eleven. 

The fire-light flickers broad on racks. 

On tins and homely delf, — 
Long guns are resting on the wall. 

Above the •chimney shelf. 

the dogs lie slumbering on the hearth. 

And loud the kitten purrs, — 
Says one, '^ 'Twill be an awful night, 

God help all travellers." 

** Amen I" replied the good old dame — 

** Amen !" the farmer cried — 
^ That minds me of a darksome tale 

Of the Black Common side. 

" *Twa8 at the time of Martinmas, 

As near as near could be. 
That a horseman stood by the four cross-roads. 

Under the Blasted Tree. 

" The wind blew wildly from the moor. 

The red fern whistled shrill ; 
And his good steed had cast his shoe, 

Upon uie weary hill. 
*The traveller held his gallant grey 

With his hand upon the mane, 
INiras dark with sweat, and red with mire, 

Foam fleck'd the bridle rein. 

"When, hark!— chink, chink,— 'twas the ham- 
mer's clink. 

And he wildered looked around. 
And he joy^l heard, a bow-shot off. 

An anvil's welcome sound. 
* Drear was the night, the way was lone, 

When gladly did he mark 
A cottage built by a clump of firs. 

And a smithy's ruddy spark. 

** The smith that wrought that midnight forge 

Was tall and giant-limb'd. 
And he seized the rein with a rude rough 
grasp. 

And a hand with soot begrimm'd, 



** ^ Now plv the hammer, fkrrier, 

I prav thee make good speed, 
For we ve manv a weary mile to go, 

I and my gallant steed.' 
** He loos'd the girths from the panting horse. 

The saddle-bags hung low^ 
And the farrier heard the clink of gold. 

As they swayed to and fro. 
" A thought shot through his burning brain, 

'Twas in an evil hour ; — 
The night was dark, the road was lone, 

The traveller in his power. 

** He raised an iron bar on high. 

The stranger gave not heed- 
He fell'd him dead with a single stroke 

At the feet of the startled steed. 

" He buried him deep on the dismal heath. 

As I've heard my tether tell. 
And he cut the throat of the noble horse. 

And buried him as well. 
** The raven croak'd from the Blasted Tree, 

As from the heath he ran. 
And the wind sighed low in the quaking fern. 

Like the moan of a murder 'd man. 

** Years pass'd away — the smith had wed, 

And a thrifty wife had he — 
None knew nor guessed of the blood-bought 
gold, 

For he spent it warily. 

" And he lived in the cot by the clump of firs. 

As though his soul were cleared 
Of the dark red stain, or his harden'd heart. 

By an iron brand was sear'd. 

•* 'Twas in the time of Martinmas, 
When the ways were drear and lone. 

There ran by the smithy a long lean hound, 
And he dropp'd a fleshless bone. 

" A bone ?— it was a human skull ! 

All grinning, bleach'd, and bare. 
With its eyeless sockets upwards turned, 

With a grim and ghastly stare. 

" The farrier started from the forge, 

A conscience-stricken man. 
And he hang'd himself on the Blasted Tree, 

Just where the cross-roads ran. 
" They buried him deep at the dead of night. 

Where suicides must rest — 
No coffin closed his guiltv head. 

No shroud enwrapp'd his breast. 
« But there by the tree, in that dread spot. 

Where the four cross-roads do meet, 
A stake was driven through his heart, 

A stone weighed down his feet. 
** His wife grew sick of a broken heart. 

She pined away and died. 
And none have lived since in the ruined cot. 

By the Black Common side. 

*• And such as dare to pass that way 

When Martinmas comes round. 
Have heard the midnight hammer's din, 

And the ghostly anvil's sound. 
" And then comes the tramp of a weary steed 

When the road is drear and lone. 
And the wind sighs low in the ragged fern 

Like to a dying moan." 

Reinelic. 



I 



92 THE MIRBOtL 

j9tffD Soofcf ; missiiig, wHh nsflleai regret» soma of the 

sociaies who started with him in the 

The Kentish Coronal, [Simpkin & ManhaU.] mg of existence, and at the commencem 

1841. his journey. My ramblings, though 

The Kentish Coronal is one of those local »^d ^\^^^^ were exquisitely^ deUg 



rabie merit : whilst some, such as the disser- ., , . . i v i « » 

tation on « Georgy Peorgy, pudding and pie," *^05« V^^^^ 1^ mehincholy feelings, 

might, with no sSill de^ee of propriety,ha4e ^ frequently perva4e us when, the worl 

been Lllowed to sleep on, unnoticed i^d un- jts attendant awaeties forgotten, all for 

known. Among the best portions of this ^ tranquihty and peace. Ham, mdec 

work, we may mention the following trtily ?^«f sensations, and m mercy have tiie: 

beautiful Unes on Richborough Castle, by our bestowed upon us ; for they soften doij 

old and valued Correspondent, J. R. C., of ^^^^ n&iyrte, and enable us nghtly t 

Deal:— mate our own position when we . refled 

, „ . , ^ , the days which are irone, the friends 

* •K[!ST;ti'ss.t"tK"j;?t:ir' ^ ' r^. ^^^ *» j^ ^^, ^^u ^^ "o 

And Fancy sees thee xleamiDK o'er the Stour, Unheeding the lapse Of timo, and COmj 

Magnificent with barbican and wall, absorbed in my meditations, I contini 

When balmy dew. nw>n the landscape foU. wander about among the ruins; now adi 

And sunset steeps the clouds in ffolden lisht, .x.^ ^i..— .-j. u x j • i 

The mind maypicture forth thy proudrnt hall.- ^^^ elegant but decaying columns,— n< 

The haunt of festal sounds and warriors bright. tent upon the clustering ivy, with whicl 

Thou wert the glorious structure of a time, were surmounted, and, at intervals. 

When Rome's triumphant eagle wav'd hi. wings f^u ^^ ^ ^^ beautiful reveries 
O'er many a shore and mountam land sublune* • *S t x* vov mowi4w»*«* x^>w.«^ 

Invok'd in song by poet's lyric strings ; many feel, but few, if any, are able to des 

But now reality before me brings, when the sound of a distant village clock 

" Silent remains of Caesars and of kings I" through the deserted isles, an^ annoi 

Thron'd on the bosom of a sunny hill. the hour of midnight, aroused me fro 

Behold the wreck of Rome's Jnperial sway I pleasing occupation. I prepared to lea 

^'iyoo^my1n::il!n!fr^&l^^^^ pediately, but could not refrain from a 

But sweetest snmmer-birds aUune tlieir lay ing glance at the fair and lovely scene 

Around the Stour that flows beneath its brow, surrounded me. The moon was ridi 

And flowers are kiss'd to slumber by the ray b^ght magnificence through the sMef 

Which tints the clouds with crimson glory now ; m • -^v, i. v xiT "^^ 

And consecrated as the dreamless br^ve Silvering with her beams the moss-clad 

O'er whom this castle lifts its moold'ring pride, whilst her light Streamed between the < 

Their dirge seems uttered by the rippling wave. ing mullions of the arched windows, whi 

Their requiem by the plaintive winds issigh'd. intervals, some fleeting and soUtary 

Ohl thus, when death relieves me from my cares, *""v* »«**o, oviuo u^mu^ <uiu ovuimuj 

I fain would have a tomb sublime as theirs 1 would throw mto temporary obscunt; 

was, indeed, a beautiful sight. The 

In the prose department, ** Netley Abbey, lovely even in decay, presented the str 

by Koffensis," is fairly written, and a vein of contrast to what the building must hav 

poetic feeKng is perceptible throughout. The in the days of its splendour, when the e 

lines bewailing the faded glories of that mo- hymn of praise rolled amid the fretted 

nastic pile, are extremely chaste and elegant ; reconciling man to earth, whilst it el 

but we confess ourselves at a loss, at the con- his soul to God. Now, fallen and neg 

elusion of the tale, whether to consider the its glories had departed, and it seen 

author moon-struck or frightened, by the echo though, in a few brief years, the anti 

of his own footsteps. Let the reader judge— might search in vain, even for a vestige 

NffiLET abbey; or, thb midnight musician. ®^stence: 

It wa« during a recent tonr in the Bonth of 4L'^aL'"SL''?KAll;rJl? t 
England, and at the close of a beautiful sum- more I 

mer's evening, that I found myself pacing the Thine altars are fallen, their votaries dead, 

desecrated and ruined isles of Netley Abbey. ^""^ *''* "^"^ ""^ **»« glow-worm rise up in thai 

I had sought that lonely and sequestered pile But at length, having determined on 1 

to reflect, uninterruptedly, on the memory of the enchanting place, I had advanced s 

persons and events with which it was con- paces on my return .home, when my fo< 

nected, and that I might pass away an hour were arrested by a soft strain of mu 

in the vain occupation of recalling to mind paused involuntarily. It was a flut 

the companions of earlier days; for though the blown so sweetly, that it seemed of no c 

illusions of Fancy may re-people the void origin. I listened, and a strange and 

which the lapse of a few brief years will occa^- sensation came over me as T recogni2 

sion ; yet who that has reached the meridian favourite air of a departed friend, who« 

of life can look back upon his course without mory had occupied no small portion 



THE imtllOR. 93 

same style, with the same embellishments, w«- «,.--« «„,«„ 

note for note. To describe my feelings wonlld ^' ^^'*^ ^^ ^=^ ^■^'^ o» 

be inmossible ;— for a moment I imagined that r ornamental. 

the dead, at that lone hour, had really re- ^ l^rtm the Gardeners^ Chronicle.']* 

▼islted the earth, and that the spirit of my V^JLandia daphnoides {Stove shrub),--A 

friend was, indeed, the invisible musician; bnt ©"ichonaceous plant from Cuba, which has 

no sooner had Reason resumed her power OTer *o^«5®d in the Botanical Garden, Edin- 

my startled aenses, than I was aware of the im- Y^&^ Flowers white, pendulous, nine inches 

probability of this, and felt assured that some *?°*^* ^^^ ^® *^080 of Portlandia grandi- 

lonely wanderer, like myself, was also enjoy- Mra-'-^^^mieson^slJoumai, 
ing the tranquil banquet of that quiet place, . Begonia Drbgii {Siove herbaceous plant). 

and that I had allowed the ancient building, 4 *ortuons-rooted plant, with a stem of about 

and the solemnity of the hour, to give an aw- ^f. "^^"os high. Leaves oblique, transversely 

fid oolonring to that which, at mid-day, had ®l"Ptico;rhomboid, red on the underside, oo- 

posaibly passed unheeded. I was resolved, ^^ ^*^ silvery spots on the upper side, 

however, to be satisfied ; and accordingly ex- *Jowers white, about an inch across. Native 

amined every portion of the AbbeyTout no ?J[ tn® Cape of Good Hope. Introduced from 

human being could I discover. I ascended the JJ® Berlin Garden in 1840. Flowered in 

dilapidated stair-case, and stood upon the ^ ^**°^® Garden, Edinburgh.— Jamw#<m'# 

hij^est remnant of what had once formed a •'<^^»^«'' 

portion of the tower ;— the flute was still . Physianthus aumcomus {Stove^climber). 

throwing its wild melody over the building. ™ Asclepiadaceous plant from Ceara, in Bra- 

I shouted aloud,-— it ceased I Again and again *jj» «"8®d in the garden of Mr. Blackburn, 

4id I invite the minstrel to come forth, but ^^ Hales, near Liverpool, where it extended 

ft» summons was unattended to ; and at ^^^^ *^® rafters from end to end of the 

^rngjUhy after exerting every method to dis- ?'V^' ^® l^^^es are obovate, taper-pointed, 

flww him, I left the Abbey with feelings of "*^ ^^ '^^^ sides. The flowers are white, 

(ieep and awe-struck mehuicholy. sweet-scented, and about an inch and a quar- 

noent the made agJii floated in fte nigW- EiTv^X^ uT ""'^.'^ ^'^ 

™im«iiig wirougu ine wooos. coloured spotted flowers and drooping habit. 

In another part of the work the same writer ^ seems to have much the manner of growth 

has fibvoured us with a translation from the *^d constitution of an Oncidium. When it 

opening of the first Idyl of Moschus, and ^^ *^ ^®°*» ^* ^^ thought to be the Odon- 

i«htly imagines that it was, no doubt, imi- t^Siossum Cervantetii of La Llave, to which 

iited by Jean Baptiste Marini. The piece ** °®^" * ^®** resemblance ; but upon an 

lo8M its beauty, inasmuch as, although Rof- J**®^*!^® consideration it must be different, 

ftnsis has inserted the composition of the ^ *"® ^***®' ^ ^^ to ^^^ snow-white 

Italian poet, he has omitted to give us those *^T®3 .^^ *^s " °o* » circumstance in 

Wwtiftil lines of the old Syracusan :— ^'"®" plants of Orchidacea are likely to 

«*»< ' > 1% * y w* ./« vajy. It was also found in the west of Mpx. 

J^ ii.-J"" t (JT"^ rf"" ^^*'' "ordatum approaches this Ten" S • wT 

yHsTO. Th ♦.^.vmTi KirpOos." independentlVof the differenc7iaX'<itt 

This omission is, however, in fact, compen- *^^ ^^ ^^ i*s flowers, it has exceedingly acu- 

«*ed by the poetic version of the editor, de- ""nate sepals and petals, and quite another 

Qdodly the best we have ever seen. In con- }""^ of appendage to the stalk of the label- 

•Insion, we may observe, that as the Coronal ^^™* — Botanical Register. 

partakes more of the character of a Family ^^^ hetkeophylla {Greenhouse herba- 

Album than that of a work armed against the f ^ot« plant),— A very pretty plant, evidently 

Jttacks of unsparing criticism, it would not be belonging to the genus Puya, and most re- 

oir in us to assume completely the character "arkable for bearing two kinds of leaves. 

«fthe Censor, especially as many poetic pieces Those at the base of the plant arise from 

by the Editor (Mr. Adams) possess more than *oogh> concave, broad, homy petioles, which 

ipfficient excellence to compensate for occa- overlie each other, forming a kind of bulb 

««MMd fiulures, possibly unavoidable. *"d a-''® extended into narrow, hard, serrated' 

spiny, brown processes, about two inches 

long. The leaves, on the other hand, which 

are last formed, are thin, lanceolate, bright 

• We canuot refrain from cxpreuing our approba. 
on of this talented weekly journal. ffi«"« 



94 THE lilRROB. 

green, and more th&n eighteen inches long, ham, near Rockingham. It it doabUefs of 

The flowers are arranged in a close, ob- extreme antiquity, and presents two inscrip- 

long spike, composed of imbricated woolly tions in Saxon characters, in a remarkable 

cartilaginous pale-green bracts, occupying the state of preserration. The outer one is as 

centre of a bulb of spiny leayes, in the place follows: — ** Guttu : Grutta: Madios : Adroe :^ 

of the thin leayes before-mentioned. Mr. and the inner— ^ Udros : Udros : Thebal :** 

Rogers says, ^ I received the plant from Mr. The ring, which is in the possession of Mr. 

Parkinson, from Mexico, in 1838, and stuck Dexter, Woolpack-inn,Middleton, is supposed 

it into a pot loosely filled with Tillandsia, in to be what is called an *^ Abraxip," or magi- 

which this plant and the epiphytes which cal ring, and to haye beeii worn as an amulet 

accompanied it had been packed. It flourished or preyentiye charm, as was common in early 

so well in its temporary abode, the roots cloth- periods of superstition and ignorance. We 

ing the inside of the pot, that I never dis- shall feel obliged to any of our readers to ex- 

turbed or planted it otherwise ; and this sum- plain the meaning of these mysterious sen- 

mer it flowered for the flrst time. When tences, which, although they do not seem to 

growing it has received abundance of water ; belong to any known language, have doubt- 

l believe it stood in a pan always full. When less some occult signification. — Northampton 

the leaves began to turn yellow, it was set on Herald, 

the fioor of the house and kept dry and cool a rohan standard. 

for two months or more, till it showed fiower. ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ C^^t^„^ (A^^j ^^ ^ g 

It has been grown close to the light, in a stove g^cket), evidently Chiron with the young 

of moderate temperature, not very damp Its ^chiUeL riding behind him, and a pard o? 

spiny processes wre excessively sharp and bnt- ^^er leaping up in front if the group, was 

tie, rendering it almost dangerous to touch fately found on the bea^jh under the cliffs, near 

the plant; and the leaves, when full grown, sidmouth. It had, apparently, been washed 

are eighteen inches to two feet long, and fiexi- ,, ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ been along 

ble, hanging about more loosely than those of ^i^^ subjected to the attrition of a gravell? 

most similar plants."-^o/amcfl/ Jiep^stet. y^ of mirine pebbles, perhaps for maiy agei 

Hibiscus Wray^ {Greenhouse shrub), - Th^ ^ ^^^^^ ^i^^t inches in height,lnd 
A beautiM plant, with large hlac flowers, evidently formed the top of a Roman stand- 
obtamed from Swan River by Mrs. Wiay, of „j ^r elisign. It is considered by a learned 
Cheltenham. It IS a greenhouse shrub of very antiquarian correspondent of the Western 
eafiy cultivation, grows lufunantly m any Zwmtnary to have been the standard of the 
common soil, and attains the height of eight g^cond le^on in the reign of the great Roman 
or ten feet m one season, if planted in the British Emperor and Admiral, Carausius, 
border of the conservatory The plant in the ^bout 294 a^d., and to have been lost fh)m 
garden of the Horticultural Society has been ^^^ y ^^^ ^^ ^^^ted on the coast, 
m fioyeerfortwo months, and will continue or perhaps in opposing some descent, either 
to produce a succession of bloom throughout f^om Ga^, or the aggressions of the Saxon 
the winter and spring. It is easily propa- y^^e„ j^ {^^^ ^j by troops from the neigh- 
gated by either cuttings or layers.-^o/ant- ^j^uring posts at Sidbiry (Tidortis) or Bla^k- 
cal Register. , „ , - . ^ bury, near Wiscombe Park. This legion was 

AsTEROTRicHiON siDoiDES {Half- hardy at that time called Parthica, and the Centaur 

shrub).--lia,t. ord. Malvaceae. From New ^n five of that Emperor s coins as re- 

HoUand It is a slender upnght plant, from cording these troops, 

three to four feet high, clothed with a furfur- ^ *^ 

aceous covering, composed of little star- 

shaped hairs. The flowers are white, and THE SERAPH ABDTEI 
are arranged in racemes of about an inch in ^* 
length, from the axils of the uppermost leaves. from the page of milton. 
The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, and ser- Of the Beings denominated Seraphs, the no- 
rated. It blossoms at Berlin in March and tions of all Theologies have been soft and gen- 
April, but may be made to blossom a month tie. So ethereal and essential as they are sup- 
earlier or later, according as it is exposed to posed to be of form, not all the imaginations of 
a warmer or colder atmosphere. Like most supple and tender beauty which a lovely Ian- 
New Holland plants, it will bear exposure to guage were to supply, would convey an ade- 
the open air in summer. It grows very vi- quate idea of their charmed and ineffable na- 
gorously in any kind of loose, light, rich soil, ture, effluent and emanative from the Divine ; 
— Linky Sj;c., Icones. for there is little figure of speech in saying that 

' — the amaranth fiowers of Life would wane and 

^nttqilttUl^. fad© away beside the bloom-glory of their 

'. countenance, and that no heavenlier colour- 

fiAvov vAPirAT i>,i«n *<*n® maybe dreamed of than " the blue depth 

sAa.U?i MAOrlCAL RING. « t, it -r^ .' .■* i .,i 

of seraph's eyes." Devoting themselves with 

A VERY curious massive ring, of pure gold, deeper ardour than all other the Powers and 

was found a few days ago on the borders of Princedoms of the skies to the glowing adora- 

Rockingham I'orest, in the parish of Cotting- tion of their Maker, nearest the Throne they 



THE MIRROR. 95 

kneel — ^nearest the footstool thej adore — and answers, heroically eombating his aslaio Bia- 
sing within that secret Veil, while all others chinations and frands. Then ere he concludes, 
worship from without. Loto glows within in a voice though neyer before attoned to 
them like a pure and neyer-dying fire, and command, yet which now assumed a lofty and 
the entirety of their being flames with unut- imperatiye majesty, he eyokes them to with- 
terable fenronr. Their essence seems as if draw from the temptations of the Apostate, 
breathed from balm and flowers, and their and seek for pardon wliile pardon might be 
existence as dissolyed in light. sought. 

Altogether unawares, therefore, would any But while the resistance of Abdiel appears 

one of such Beings be, used as he was all the so meritorious, there must not be forgotten 

days of his immortality to have his own being what the Seraph himself suffered ; for the 

wholly merged by love in the being of another, bare being tempted to sin acted on his nature 

breathing no other breath, and having no like a sharp and terrible visitation. We who 

other desire but that which identified it with are of lapsed nature, and whose original pn 

the object of its devotion, that such a thing as rity is now encrusted with corruptions and 

resistance or opposition was possibly existent : degradations, can have no possible conception 

it would be to them as a foreign term which of tho stunning shock which a pure and im- 

they could not comprehend. Leaning with maculate being would experience at the very 

all the deep affection of their souls on their sight of evil, or the circumstance of being 

Creator and parent, repugnance or hostility tempted, or what a mortiferous thrill of hor- 

were utterly inconceivable to their minds ; ror and anguish would shake the foundations 

and indeed it could only be the occurrence of of his spirit. Worse would it seem to him 

some unexampled and appalling event, which than if ulcerous sores were fastening on his 

ronld disturb their serene and unalterable sweet aerial existence, and clogging it with 

Btate of bliss, which ignorance of such an evil pest and loathsomeness — worse than the 

Buely was. But that fortunate ignorance, how- transfixing him with a storm of darts would 

ever, was broken, and it was on that day that rush on him that temptation of the Tempter. 

the Apostate drew after him '' the third part The greater and more unshakable his love for 

of heaven," enticing the angels to swerve from his Maker, the greater would be his horror 

their allegiance, and so making dire disrup- at the thought, so that it would arm his tongue 

tMm of their theretofore tranquil blessedness, with righteous indignation and a spirit of 

It was at a point answerable to this, that speech, sharper than a two-edged sword, 
the character of Abdiel opens in display. But Abdiel is the only spirit, who, in this 

Even in man it is almost astonishing what infinite host of angels, preserves his allegiance 

Tast powers, silently and unknown to him* to his maker. Luminously as the zeal of the 

self, lie wrapped up and enclosed in the seraph breaks forth in a mighty warmth of 

depths of his being, which mostly sleep till sentiments and expressions, and with all that 

some casual emergency arises, which calls for generous scorn and intrepidity which attends 

their development- and action, surprising the heroic virtue, yet none of that degenerate band 

fellows of his species by their towering and are touched by his appeal, or come over to the 

saperhnman dimensions. Such was the case side of the holy. 

with Abdiel, when tempted. Little he knew. Gathering courage upon this, the Apostate 

tSl assailed by tho artifices and temptations replies the more haughtily. He begs him 

tf Satan, what infinite powers his being was carry the report to his anointed king, that 

capable of unfolding. Then it was that the not beseeching but besieging, will he and his 

latent strength and grandeur of the sleeping puissant angels from thenceforth hem the 

Ood awoke ; then for the first time he became throne, and moreover urges him to fly, before 

Avue what powers of solid and supernatural evil intercept his flight. 

growth were hidden in his form, when Faith, But spite of the hoarse murmurs of those 

and immovable Virtue, and firm, rock-like op- dark-plumed angelry, and the defiances of the 

position to Evil, sprang up like so many giants Apostate, the '* flaming seraph fearless," again 

in strong armour round his heart, and fenced exalts his voice, to magnify the greatness of 

it as wiUi an iron garrison, proof against the his Maker, and bids them beware that, noble 

assaults of the Tempter. intellects as they were, they were not devoured 

Abdiel had indeed been inveigled among by terrible storms of wrath, or ca^t on the 

the number of the false angels, by means of strands of immensity, as '' brands for the 

feigned and lying statements ; and when he burning." 

heard Satan's motives uttered by him in Milton, with these circumstances, has made 

speech, he forthwith started up against the a majestic character. Unshaken, unreduced, 

enrrent of his adversary's fury, and in a unterrified, among thousands of hostile angels, 

flame of severe zeal, opposed the promotion Abdiel alone was faithful, Abdiel alone kept 

of his design. Vigorously he repelled the his love and loyalty. The crush of numbers 

bolted arguments of the grand Deceiver, tax- moved him not — the influence of example 

ing him with vile ingratitude that he a crea- vnrought not upon him to swerve from truth ; 

tnre, marshalled himself against his Creator ; single among myriads, yet changed he not his 

nor ends he with blame and reprobation, but constant mind, but bound his magnanimity 

confronts his impious obloquy with irresistible- like a conqueror's scarf about him. 



96 THE MIRROR. 

He next piepana to qvit this nngodly erew, §f^ enemy whom Abdiel had 80 heroically 

and his passage from among the rebellious roiled at first. Night, and cherubic-waying 

forms a firm and dignified retreat. Through fires close in the contest, 
long ranks of hostile scorn, which he sustained Such were the things which Abdiel did in 

with superior mind, fearing not violence or the day of his trial and temptation; and if, 

contumely, he turned his back with retorted among the silent yallies of the heavens, ** with 

scorn upon those devoted to destruction. notes angelical to many a lyre," it be the cus- 

Beautifhlly the sixth book of this great epic torn of the saints and glorified to recount the 
opens, describing the midnight travel of " the good deeds of their compeers, this assuredly is 
clreadless angel,'' on his way to heaven, till a tale that is often told, and dwelt upon witii 
the morning breaks, arrayed in empyreal gold, rapture. And since we read of purpurea! 
and rosy from the gates of light. MUton mansions in the heavens, and magnificent fur- 
seems to r^'oioe in fiinging fine splendour nitureofthrones, and robes, and regalia, doubt 
around AbdiePs return, and heaping rich re- not that in some lofty city or temple of the 
wards on his virtuous heroism. No sooner in skies where the standajtls and ensigns of this 
sight of heaven, than all the angels, with a war between gods, gild the high columns, and 
shout " loud as from numbers without num- fling lustre on the domes, that there is to be 
ber, sweet as fri>m blest voices," hail and re- seen — ^gloriousmemorialof the virtue of Abdiel 
ceive him — ^him, who of so many myriads — a broad banner that outflashes all the rest 
fallen, was alone found fiiithful — ^the one lost vrith its miraculous splendour, while amid the 
sheep, and over whom was more joy than over rainbows and sunbeams which constitute its 
the ninety and nine. With acclamations and woof, ma^ be read this record, if it overpower 
high applaudings they lead him before the not tiie vision: — 

seat supreme, while a voice whose mild me- ^ the sebaph abdibl, faithful found 

lodiousness pronounced it to be divine, be- among thb faithlbss, faithful only heT 
stowed on him from the midst of a gotden W. A. 

cloud the praises of " the faithftil servant." ' 

Abdiel, hitherto mighty in his words, was fin.^ ^athtrfr 

now to become mighty in arms, for the time ^ \^awji?viji.. 

drew nigh ''that angel should with angel „. jji » tx "' i x j * , . 
war," and milder thoughts were to be usurped S^Adhelm.— It w related of this saint, 

by the rushing sound of onset. Abdiel here *'^* ho turned a sunbeam into a clothes'-peg. 
figures magnificently, being made by the poet -^ Vivid Fancy. — In the fifth sea he fbnnd 

to stand in antagonism with the Arch-apostate & small island, of which the mountains wcM 

himself, who is thus grandly represented when ^ crystal, through which glittered veins of 

the battle opens:— the finest gold. They were covered wilh 

M- u • *!. -J * — w^ r> A lofty palm-teees, the fruit of which was also- 

Hitfh in the miORt, exalted as a God, ^» «««^ ^^i j m j • i; V , . ^T^ 

TV Apoatote ia his sun-brighi chariot aau J? P"o go^d- Towards evening, Belukia^ to 

Idol of majesty divine, inclosed his great astonishment, remarked that thft 

With flaminf cheiubim and goldenshielda, earth began to sparkle as tte skv now dafk. 

■^,^^ ^^rc^^y iir ■- "Ah." «»id he « this, then, is the I^of (Sj 

On the roafth edge of batUe ere it joinwi * lowers. Which I have often heard described 

Satan with vast and liaughty strides advanced as a piece of the SUU, which was broken <rfE 

Came towMnjj. arm'd in adamant and »oid. and fell in the sea, and yet produces gold and 

The reading alone of these stately decame- light."—^roAton Nights, 
ters rouses up the soul like a trumpet-blast, Road-Snaking. — In some towns in Belgima. 

how then did the sight of him whom they des- Campeachy and Pemambuco, wood is nMa 

cribe harrow up the rage and indignation of for roads, after the dye is extracted. It k 

AbdieL ^ Abdiel that si^t endured not admirably adapted for garden walks, giving 

where he stood.'' With stern words, which, them the elasticity and warmth of a carpet. 

in Maton form a speech to introduce the com- Homer A finer, or more musioia old 

ing combat more solemnly, he reprehends him savage than boitus Homerus never existed, 

in high and authoritative tones, and finally He was animated by the very fspint of song, 

stnkes a blow which makes the fiimament and his invention and mellifluous language, m 

kindle with war and fire. dealing with battles, priests, and cMefli, was 

Mo saying, a noble stroke he lifted hi«h copious. The blind old man of rooky Gbios 

Which hung not, but so swift with tempest fell was a spirited balladmonger in his davw and 

Such ruiu intercept, ten paces huge ^"ll »"e girlS of the island, and thai tiMy 

He back recoiled ; the tenth on bended knee sorrowed greatly when the infirmities of aco 

Hismassy spear upetaid; as if on earth prevented him from takmg the lead in tte 

Winds under ground, or waters forcmg way pkJari Alm^^^L.^ 

Sidelong had pushed a mountain from his seat V^nia u Atmaofcs, 

Half sunk willi all his pines. LONDON: Publuhedhu HUOH CUNNlNGBAM. 

So valourous a stroke at their Mightiest "^f ^-^ f^f tin's Place, Trafalgar-»qiiare;ann$oldlyaU 

Maa«s the rebel toon^tte combat becomes it!!!!TVRASS^RT'riiAI,l^s'"joSErt 

general, and Michael fimshea by routing the Printed bs, T. C. SavUI. at. ilartm$ laiu. '"'""'■ 



iR'^t tnivvov 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 



1046.] SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1841. [Pbicb 2rf. 




98 TflE MIRROR. 

THE SURREY LUNATIC ASYLUM. ^P^^? ^^^ ^i*® entrance, and open to 

what IS termed the grand statrcasey a lofty 

Hitherto, Surrey, although a metropolitan chamher extending the whole height of the 

county, has not been adequately proTided building, and about 20 feet square, with two 

with accommodation for poor lunatics — a tiersofcorridorsroandthreesidesof it; and 

class of sufferers whose two-fold miseries covered in with a neatly groined rool^ and 

must strike deeply into every benevolent lit by an elaborately designed octagonal 

heart It is true that the royal chartered lantern, of somewhat too small dimensions. 

Hospital of Bethlemis situated in tiie above The staircase, which ascends only to the 

district ; but, from its being a general hos- first floor, is of massive character, but of 

pital, its regulations for admission are not too small dimensions ; it has a stone parapet 

such as to meet local demands : hence, the and octagonal, battlemented newels, and is 

provision of an establishment exclusively not above 3 feet wide, which, out of the 

for the poor of the county became an im- already limited space, renders this highly 

portant olject Accordingly, there has decorated portion of the building ineffective, 

been purchased for this purpose, chiefly Adoorwayontheground floor communicates 

with the Comity funds, a portion of the with the galleries on either side, leading to 

Springfield estat^ at Garratt, near Wands- the males' ward on the left, and the femsdes' 

worth, formerly the seat of Henry Perkins, on the right A narrow apartment here is 

Esq. ; including 96 acres of land, with the to be appropriated as the dispensary and 

mansion and nrm buildings, which are surgery. Crossing the gallery, a passage in 

intended to be retained for the purposes of a direct line leads to an immense kitchen, 

the Asylum, the reception of convalescent through the centre of which is the only 

patients, &c. covered communication to the wash-houses 

The new building, of which the prin- and laundries. At the rear of these offices 

cipal front is engraved upon the preceding are the smith's forge, and a steam-engine for 

page, is, in plan, Elizabethan, being nearly in the purpose of drawing water from a deep 

the form o/an £ ; but the elevation partakes well, which has been sunk for the genend 

of several styles. It is built of red brick, wiUi supply of the establishment The building 

white stone qiioin8,window-dressings, string- is tiiroughout heated by steam apparatus, 

ing-courses, and parapets, the general effect ingeniously constructed by the Messrs. Bar- 

of which 18 good ; but is injured hj the bat- low, who appear to have ably succeeded on 

tlemented towers immediately uniting with this extensive iScale, there being upwards 

the naked, nnparapeted roofs of the extensive of one mile of pipe traversing the various 

wings right and left of the centre of the design, floors and galleries of the building. There 

This portion is in the Domestic style, with is also a gas-house for lighting the build- 

pedimented roofs, and gables surmounted ing throughout with oil gas. The first floor 

with Gothic finials. The principal entrance partakes of the same character as the gronnd- 

is by a small but elaborate pointed doorway, floor. There are two spacious day-rooms 

(similar to the cloister entrance of West- on each floor, for each sex ; and two idring 

minster Abbey,) on each side of which are courts, for all classes of each sex, enclosed 

small windows ; over the doorway is a bold with walls in sunk fences, so as to admit 

scroll label in masonry, (to bear the title of the patients viewing the surrounding 

or inscription,) in design, similar to the country. At either extremity of the buildiM^ 

labels over theprincipal entrances to Hadley in the basements, are large groined wo^- 

and Ragland castles. This central portion rooms. The chapel is situate across the 

is recessed, and has three tiers of windows ; gallery on the first floor, and in the centre 

with an ornamented clock in the gable, and of the edifice. There are wards in each 

a copper vane over the pediment of the six towers, with two rooms f<» six 

On either side of the centre, the fa9ade beds each, for infirm patients, &c, and 
extends with three small windows on the keepers' rooms to each. The entire building 
ground-floor, surmounted by a window in will accommodate about 294 persons—L ei, 
each, of monastic character, reaching two 143 males and 151 females; but it wis 
stories in height, contrasting with the small originally intended to contain 350 padents, 
windows Immediately over and under them, that is, 150 males and 200 females; there 
The flank of this portion of the building is being generally a greater number of tiie 
blank, save the massive corbeled chimney, latter. The single cells are 8 feet by 6 ftet, 
The whole frontage, including the wings, is The total cost of the structure was estimated 
about 530 feet, which extent alone has an at 39,000/.; but by the^numerous alterati(HUi 
imposing effect upon the beholder, without in its construction, &c., the outlaj^ has al* 
reference to its architectural character and ready reached 65,0002. ; its completion, fur- 
details. The principal door opens into a nishmg, &c, and making roads of approach, 
neat lobby, with a groined ceiling, leading, it is stated, will cost about 15,0001 more ; 
on the right, to an ante and committee room, so that, with the purchase of the land, the 
office, &c. ; and on the left, to the Super- whole expense will be 90,000/. Throughout 
intendent's private apartments. Folding thedesign, the architect has exercised much 



THE MIRROR. 99 

ingenmty ; and the stability and general ex- the Pablic Bnildinn by onr romancists ; for, 

Motion of the work are very praiseworthy, the annals of Wejttmhuier Abbey are to 

We have omitted to state that the baildu^ fiimish one of them with material for a 

IS fire-proof throughout story by instalment •* The Bank" main- 

The new Asylnm is from the design of tains its characteristic safety, and is un- 

ar, Moseley, architect, and Surveyor for touched : yet, how many scenes of thrilling 

the County of Middlesex ; the work being interest— of hopes defeated and prospecU 

oecuted by Mr. Edward Lapidge, the ruined— might be borrowed from the brief 

Coonty Surveyor for Surrey. There were history of this vast temple of Dagon : for 

S3 designs sent in for the building : the Money has been the idol— the quicksand— 

firstpremium of 200 guineas was adjudged of life, from the first "money transaction," 

to Mr. Arthur Henry Hunt ; and the se- by Abraham, to the last loan taken upon 

eood premium of 100 guineas, to Mr. John 'Change. 

Barges Watson. «• Boa," who has from first to last, most 

«i excelled in London life, has proved himself 

THE LITERARY WORLD.-L !^ ^^^^ ,?® ^'J. ^^ discerning when to 

nave done, than which no part of knowledge 

Urdeb this comprehensive head, we pro- lies in fewer hands. He has closed Tlte (Md 

pose, frt>m time to time, to glance, ** by way Curiosity Shop, and has wound up the story 

of table-book," at the future prospects of of the Clock — the latter to strike again 

the active world of letters. As our leading with Bamaby Ewige, a tale of the Riots of 

aim win be to chronicle the intellectual in- 1 780, if we mistake not, announced for pub- 

dnstry of our time, announcements of Books lication in high-priced volumes, two or three 

ia progress will be with us a prime object ; years since. The time is promising ; and, 

ad we shall be happy to receive the Pub- with a vivid recollection of the demniement 

fiber's " note of preparation" in aid of this of Oliver Twist, our expectations from 

dofgn. Such we take to be consonant with Mr Dickens's new work are of no mean 

the plan of a "Mirror of Literature," which order. By the way, we fear that poor 

shoDld not only, as a burning-glass, " collect Mehemet All has been too much in hot 

die difiFused rays of wit and learning" in water (and fire) of late to enjoy the pro- 

uwient authors, but also point to the ex- ductions of Boz, as he did his Pickwick^ 

ertions making b^ " ingenious modems," in which is known to have thrown the shrewd 

the great race of literary supply and demand. Viceroy into raptures. 

It is scarcely worthwhile to inquire whether Ingoldsby, one of the great guns, and 

thesssertion made about ninety years since in not a minor can-(n)on, of Benuey's Mis^ 

flie Adventurer — " by the diffusion of know- cellany, has lust ready Some Account of My 

le^ge its depth is abated" — be a truth, or a Ckmsin Nicholas ; and the Rubber of Life : 

he conceit of the coxcombry of letters : we can only say that if his prose be but half 

bat it mar safely be averred that such is not as rich and racy as his legendary verse, we 

be popnbir doctrine of the present day. So, have a rare treat in store. 

imr to our task of "infinite variety." Talking of Comic Verse, we are re- 

fSetion flourishes, and unscrupulous per- minded of The New Tale of a Tub, a very 

whavetakentoread romance on Sundays; fr^ and facile specimen, by Mr. F. W. a, 

nd, pn>bably, they may read many worse Barley, accompanying a set of Lithographs 

Um in newspapers. Two of our leading designed by Lieut Cotton, which, in rich- 

MiWts, Mr. Ainsworth and Captain Mar- ness and breadth of humour, rival the best 

711^ fill every week some three or four productions of the pencil of Cruikshank. 

sohmns of a Sunday newspaper, for the The artist's materials for the five drawings 

indfication of thousands of weekly readers ; are but two figures, a tiger, and a tub ; and 

bA the skill of the authors in leaving their words fail to tell what he has accomplished 

•trans on the " tenters" of suspense by with these four objects. The versifier's 

& piecemeal mode of publication, is choice of title was a hazardous one, for 

le^erhr managed. Capt Manyat's story association with Swift is no mean test of 

tAe Poacher is better adapted for the pro- humour ; yet Mr. Bayley comes off swim- 

ineial parlour than the London coffee- mingly, and his verse is point and pun- 

oom ; but it has all the come-and-read-me gency throughout. Reader, if you want to 

He of tWs very successful writer : there is become cold-proof in this polar wmter, when« 

lodiing like a slipshod style for the million, of a truth — 

fr. Ainsworth's Old St PauTs is character- " As the day lengthens. 

Bed by the same graphic power and vivid ^ ^^ *^^ strengthena," 

eeimg that distinguishetl his Tower of provide yourself with the New Tale of a 

^jmdon : the antiquarianism of the former Tub : its humour blazes away like Cannel 

roik will doubtless contribute much to its coal, and it is worth all the hot-air stoves 

lOpolarity, and prepare the Londoners for and radiating fire-places ever yet thought of. 

•onnd History of their " great metropolis." But where are the Portraits of the Chil- 

rhcre appears to be just now " a run'^ upon dren of the Mobility, so long announced by 



100 THE MIRROR. 

Leech, and the author of the Condc Latin expect, be its History, Description, and Sei- 

Orammar, as a Companion to the Children entifio Principles of the seyeral branches of 

of the NcbUity? Surelj, they are longer Hnman knowledge ; judging from the list 

'* getting up stairs" than the recreant scions of contributors, who are men of first-rate 

of fashion: perchance they like not their ac(][uirements. In the part before us, ** Ar- 

new company, yet we predict that the chitecture'' is commenced by Mr. Joseph 

humour of these off-shoots of itfoiUity will Gwilt, one of our most eminent writing as 

be warmly received by their coroneted pur- well as practical architects. By the ap- 

chasers, who will eijoy a laugh, though, in pearance of this work we are reminded that 

more senses than one, at their own expense. Mr. Brande^s valuable Manual of Chemistry 

There is, however, a certain old maxim is again reprinting : it has the high repu* 

about laughing and winning, which, though tation of being the best work for students 

stale, is pleasant in its way. somewhat advanced in chemistry ; its ar- 

Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer*s Night and rangement is excellent, and its information 

Morning is altogether '* a good novel :" the brought up to the time of publication ; and 

plot and counterplot are good, the improba- few Professors have contributed so effi- 

bUities are few, and the Ufe-like vivacity of ciently to their Science as Mr. Brande. 

tiie scenes and incidents is very agreeable: There has just appeared, by Mr. Thomas 

moreover, the morality is healthier than Griffiths, of the Royal Institution, a very 

usuaL Tet, we scarcely go the length of attractive little volume, entitled Hecreations 

some of the critical encomiums : it is cer- in Chemistry, which seems to be rich in ex- 

tainly not Sir Edward's most finished pro- perimental novelties, and parlour manipu- 

duction, and has less polish, though, perhaps, lation. 

more energy, than some of his previous A Prospectus, like a hedgehog, all points, 
fictions : it may, therefore, be enjoyed by and egg-fuU of promise, announces a "mis- 
the greatest number, which, as the wise saw cellaneous " periodical work, to be entitled 
says, is the greatest happiness. In this London ; in which the authors propose to 
work, as in the same author's comedy of look at the Present through the Past, and at 
Money, the title is admirably worked out the Past through the Present, for which is 
Of the play it may be added that there has claimed the merit of originality. Tet, it 
been no change at the Haymarket Theatre will neither be a " Survey" of London, nor 
since its production ; and, diough it may not a " History" of London ; nor will it be am- 
be actually a sterling comedy, it has metal bitious of any classification ; but it is pro- 
most attractive for play-goers of the present posed to regard the meanest as well as the 
day. mightiest features of the great city. The 

From money, "the sinews of war," to war work will be "Pictorial," and accuracy of 
itself, is but a natural transition, which we architecture and costume will be main 
make to mention that Mr. H. Wilkinson points with the artists and writers. The 
has arranged the research and experience customs of the metropolis will, doubtless, 
which he has of late displayed in his able yield a rich fimd of amusement : for, states 
lectures to the Asiatic and other Societies, the Prospectus, " Tempesta drew from the 
and has printed the same in an octavo life the Cries ofLondon in the days of Anne, 
volume entitled Engines of War; which in- and they may be found in company with 
eludes the Manufacture of Guns, Gunpow- some account of Catnach's''^ ballads in oat 
der, and Swords, and the machines and im- day." We are glad to see great interest ai* 
plements so essential to the " mysterv of tached to the literary memorials of LondoOf 
murder," as Burke has termed war. This such as have been illustrated a hundred- 
work appears opportunely enough, in times fold in The Mirror, from its commence-, 
of ''rumours of wars;" whilst the inquiry is ment In short, there is a disposition to 
a very interesting one, and much more con- treat the vast subject poetically, yet faeUh^ 
sonant with Mr Wilkinson's pursuits than rially as well as pictorially ; and there ant 
of some others who have written upon the many houses full of excdilent materials tat 
subject George the Third, one levee-day, the purpose ; so that the task will, in all 
twitted Bishc^ Watson with his improve- probability, be one of pleasure and profit to 
ment of gunpowder as inconsistent with his the projector. 

holy office. The Bishop bore the joke We have to record the loss of Mr. Ser- 

coolly, and reserved his retaliation for his jeant Talfourd's Copyright BiU, on the 

Autobiography. motion for the second reading, in the 

We have only dipped into the First Part House of Commons, on Friday, the 5th inst 

of Mr. Brande's iHctionary of Science, Upon this well-intended measure there has 

Lit&'ature,ajOidArt The derivations and de- been displayed *^ satis eloquentta ;" but, it 

finitions of terms appear satis&ctory, and the argues little for the literary taste of the 

references to other works very numerous ; ^ 

under the article " Automaton,'^the reader is * The newspj«>ere announce the death atjb. 

TeferreeLiothePennyCycl^^iasndo^ers, J'^tS^^^^o^m-lS^Lafdc^? SS^I 

The paramount value of the work will, we cer's HiU, Middlesex." 



THE inRROE. 101 

jNffliament, and less fbr their interest in the floence npon the paramount interests of 

rights of genins, to find that so important a society. An ahle pMlosophical writer views 

question as the above attracted bat seventy- the great progress of these institutions as 

eight members, or about one-eleventh of *' one of the most striking manifestations of 

the whole house ; the numbers being, for virtue that ever was made by any people." 

the second reading, thirty-eight ; against it, He observes, that ** For persons merged in 

forty-five ; majority, seven. In the Mom- poverty, it is not easy or common to have 

ing Chronicle, this defeat is attributed solely much of foresight so as to form themselves 

to Mr. Macaula/s eloquent speech in op- almost universally into Benefit Societies, in 

position to the measure, which actually in- order that, by taking something from the 

duced several of the members who in for- means of their present scanty ei:yo3rments, 

mer years voted for it, on this occasion, to they may in sickness, disablement, and old 

vote against it ; whilst a still greater num- age, be saved from the necessity of having 

ber who had been its former supporters, recourse to public charity, and may con- 

qoitted the house without voting at all, tinue to live to the end of their days upon 

rather than they would compromise their the fruit of their own labour, no burden to 

eonsLstency by voting according to their the public, or dependent upon its bounty ; 

newly-formed convictions. they exhibit a combination of qualities, the 

existence of which could hardly be credited 

if it were not seen." 

FRIENDLY SOCIETIES.— I; ^® ^^^^ ^^ ^^® labouring classes are 

now decidedly more cleanly and regular 
The rapid increase of Friendly Societies than formerly : their houses are, through 
«mong the more industrious of the working the influence of their own taste, better coo- 
population, and the widely-spread practice structed ; they have practically convinced 
d Life Assurance among the middle and themselves how conducive fresh air is to 
lagher classes, afford undoubted proof of health ; and every person of advanced years 
tbe almost universal diffusion of knowledge must behold witii delight the present as- 
ttroughout the British public The ex- pect of the streets when compared with 
perience of the past seventy years has in- their revolting, filthy, and pestilential con- 
oontestibly shewn that those of the com- dition fifty years ago. Although it is to be 
monity whose intelligence, prudence, in- lamented that the nabitsof several classes 
tegrity, and moral dignity, give them in- of workmen have deteriorated, yet the sum 
floence in the nation, were the first to avail of improvement in the health of the entire 
themselves of the highly provident, and community will be found to preponderate 
DOW nationally important, system of Life in a most remarkable degree. The average 
Assurance. In like manner, every one who mortality in London durmg the ten years 
has watched the operations of the best re- ending 1780, was one inhabitant out of 
galated Friendly Societies has also in- 19} (19.6) annuaUy, in the ten years 
nriably found them composed of those ar- ending 1810, one out of 34} (34.2); and 
titans whose moral, religious, and political at present one inhabitant out of 37 an- 
eondnct have, by the growth of knowledge, nuidly. A like improvement will also be 
miformly promoted the best interests of observed throughout England, generally, 
ttemselves and the good of the community. Since 1780, up to the present time, the mor- 
Since the establishment of Friendly So- tality has varied frt)m one death out of 32 
CKlies, the habits of the labouring classes to one out of 45 of the whole population. 
live undergone much improvement; and In 1780, the expectation of life was 38 
the comparative spread of sanatory regu- years, while at present it is at least 47 
iMionB throughout the humbler walks of years. Every year added to the expec' 
life, is greatiy owing to the necessity of tation of life, through the instrumentality of 
. every member at admission being in good the individual himself, by the removal of 
. healthy of regular habits, and of reputable vicious peculiarities, and other habits and 
character; as well as to the checks exercised, circumstances, which shorten life, confer on 
▼hile in membership, upon profligacy, his existence the happiest blessings. Dr. 
qnarrelling, drunkenness, and immorality ; Monro asserts that there is nothing in the 
and also the certainty of exclusion in cases human frame which indicates an unfitness 
of iblony and infamous crime. The direct for a very prolonged existence, and histori- 
eonsequences of these restrictive measures cal and physiological facts hold out the 
are, the diffusion of knowledge, the estab- strongest evidence that among all classes of 
fishment of more regular and more tempe- society the duration of life may be greatly 
rate habits of enjoyment, and the subjection increased. The expectation of life among 
of those appetites and passions, whose imme- the citizens of ancient Rome was thirty 
diate gratification distinguish all ignorant years ; at the present day, for the easy 
people of whatever rank ; also, the growth of classes of Paris, it is forty-two years ; and 
those habits of foresight and self-restraint Mr. Finlaison ascertained that the expec- 
which exercise so important a moral in- tation of life among the nominees of the 



lOd THE MIRROIL 

Tontines and other Life Annuities in tiiis Associations at onee so powerfblly cal- 

country is above fifty years. A proper culated to benefit individuals and advantage 

elucidation of the facts and methods upon the community, it might be thought woi]Sl 

which this evidence depends, would be go on in a prosperous career of beneficence ; 

highly calculated to interest and benefit the but, unfortunately, it is otherwise. Numerous 

numerous classes of workmen who sustain difficulties enter into the nature of their 

the most serious injuries to their health management, and many obstacles lie in tiie 

from the prevalence of habits, whose remo- way of their success. Mr. Ansell, whose 

val would not only prove exceedingly eco- talents and labours have done so much for 

nomical, but eminently promote their gene- the establishment of these institutions on a 

ral comfort and welfare. scientific basis, observes, that " Those who 

The consciousness of frugality in an in- have taken much interest in Friendly So- 
dividual produces a moral independence, cieties, and in the effects produced by thera 
and confers on his mind the confidence of on the habits of the labouring classes, have 
the existence of a property or capital, had frequent reason to lament that unsound 
which, he is convincei, wil\« in the cala- calculations, bad management, and frauds 
mities of death and sickness, lighten their have, with a deplorable frequency, caused 
pressure, or repair their evil consequences, such institutions to faiL The number of 
He becomes, accordingly, a better and societies that have existed long enough to 
more industrious husband, a more intelli- bring the sufficiency of their contributions 
gent aod exemplary father, and a more to the test of experience, bears a lamentably 
sober, valuable, and trustworthy servant. small proportion to the number that have 
.But the advantages to be derived by the become insolvent'* Another author, in a 
community from the general establishmenjt recent publication, eloquently and trcdy re- 
of Friendly Societies are of a no less impor- marks that ** No words can sufficientiy ex- 
tant description than the improvement of press the bitterness of disappointment fblt 
individual character. Such institutions by the patient contributors to a Friendly 
would, under the present encouragement Society, on the failure of which frequentij 
given them by Grovemment, with some ad- a considerable portion of their savings was 
ditional provisions for their promotion and involved, and much hope embarked. The 
management, raise the labouring population blow commonly falls on them when their 
of this country to a degree of independence necessities most require relief, — in the 
they have never known ; and assuredly, in season of old age, — when their diminished 
a century or two, effectually remove all vigour incapacitates them for labour, they 
necessity for the Poor Law. The assist* suffer in an aggravated degree from the 
ance at present given to Benefit Societies fisiilure of the means taken to assure against 
by the legislature is not, perhaps, of that it To offer parochial relief in such cases 
kind which is most needed. Nothing has was to add msult to misfortune, and to 
been done to confer on the individual the suffer objects so deserving to pine in want 
acquisition of the power of depending on and die neglected, is a nation^d shame and 
himself; and it is, therefore, not to be won- a fatal example to prudence in others." To 
dered at that thousands are to befoimdwho guard against these heart-rending misfor- 
can form no clear idea of the rights of a tunes ; to point out the evils which give 
landlord, a fundholder, or a capitalist : but them birth, and to give such an exposition 
place the same persons by their own in- of the whole nature and bearings of Friendly 
dustry in the privileges of a Friendly Societies, as may lead to their avoidanee, 
Society, give them a power by law to en- will be the object of some future ar- 
force their claims for support in old age and tides in this periodical. Few establish- 
on a sick-bed, on the purely legal tenure ments can be more worthy of the heart and 
of their past savings, when their opinions head of the philanthropist and the Chris- 
will be revolutionized, and they will be tian ; and we anxiously hope that our en- 
brought to entertain just and accurate views deavours will not be wanting to promote the 
on the claims of others, from the simple exercise of those virtues of frugality and 
fact that they hold their own property in forethought, by which misery, to a great 
virtueof the possession of a piece of paper, extent, is avoided and mitigated, and the 

A Benefit Society creates the funds sum of public happiness increased, 
which it distributes : its means necessarily N. P. G. F. 

increase with the demands to which it is 

liable ; and, if its calculations be correct, its m? a rn-orrMy urt^-Dr^ry-D ti 

benefits may be extended without limit; BEATRICE MERGER.* 

whilst its resources, still commensurate, will by mr. titmarsh. 

operate as an encouragement to industry and _ __ , . . 

virtue, add to the national wealth, and de- Beatrice Merger, whose naine might 

stroy one of the most demoralizing evils of %^^ ^ ^® ^^^ ^^ o^® ^^ ^^- V^^^**™.'* 

the present day, and one of the most fruitful poUtest romances— so smooth and aristocratic 

sources of crime — ^the system of pauperism. * From the Paris Sketch-book. 



THE MIRROR. 103 

does it flound — U no heroine, except of her " Well, time rolled on, and matters grew 

own simple history ; she is not a fiuhionable worse than ever : winter came, and was 

French Coantess, nor eyen a Tictim of the colder to us than any other winter, for our 

revolution. clothes were thinner and more torn ; mother 

She is a stout, sturdy girl, of two-and- sometimes could find no work, for the fields 

twenty, with a face beaming with good in which she laboured were hidden under 

nature, and marked dreadfully by small- the snow ; so that when we wanted them 

pox; and a pair of black eyes, which might most, we had them least — warmth, work, 

have done some execution had they been or food. 

placed in a smoother face. Beatrice's sta- ** I knew that, do what I would, mother 

tion in society is not very exalted ; she is a would never let me leave her, because I 

servant of aU-work, she will dress your looked to my little brothers and my old 

wife,. your dinner, your children ; she does cripple of an aunt; but, still, bread was 

beefsteaks and plain work ; she makes better for us than all my service ; and when 

beds, blacks boots, and waits at table ; — I left them, the six would have a slice more ; 

sach, at least, were the offices which she so I determined to bid good bye to nobody, 

performed in the fashionable establishment but to go away, and look for work else- 

of the writer. where. One Sunday, when mother and the 

*' My father died,** said Beatrice, " about little ones were at church, I went in to aunt 

six years since, and left my poor mother Bridget, and said, Tell mother, when she 

with little else but a small cottage and a comes back, that Beatrice is gone. I spoke 

strip of land, and four children, too young quite stoutly, as if I did not care about it. 

to work. It was hard enough in my father's " * Gone I gone where ?* said she. * You 

time to supply so many little mouths with an't going to leave me alone, you nasty 

food; and how was a poor widowed woman thing; you an't going to the village to 

to provide for them now, who had neither dance, you ragged, barefooted slut : you're 

the strength nor the opportimity for labour ? all of a piece in this house — your mother, 

'^B^des us, to be sure, there was my your brothers, and you. I know you've 

old aunt ; and she would have helped us, got meat in the kitchen, and you only give 

bat she could not, for the old woman is me black bread ;' and here the old lady 

bed-ridden ; so she did nothing but occupy began to scream as if her heart would 

our best room, and grumble ft'om morning break ; but we did not mind it, we were so 

till night : Heaven knows ! poor old soul, used to it. 

that she had no great reason to be very ** * Aunt, said I, I'm going, and took this 

happy ; for you know, sir, that it frets the very opportunity because you were alone : 

temper to be sick ; and that it is worse still tell mother, I am too old now to eat her 

to be sick and hungry too. bread, and do not work for it. I am going, 

** At that time, in the country where we please God, where work and bread can be 

lived (in Picardy, not very far from found ; and so I kissed her.' She was so 

Boulogne), times were so bad that the best astonished that she could not move or 

workman conld hardly find employ ; and speak ; and I walked away through the old 

when he did, he was happy if he could earn room, and the little garden, God knows 

9 matter of twelve sous a day. Mother, whither ! 

weak as she would, could not gain more " I heard the old woman screaming after 

than six, and it was a hard job, out of this, me, but I did not stop nor turn round. I 

topnt meat into six bellies, and clothing on don't think I could, for my heart was very 

81 backs. Old aunt Bridget would scold, full ; and if I had gone back again, I should 

II ihe got her portion of black bread ; and never have had the courage to go away. 

mj little brothers used to cry if theirs did So I walked a long, long way, until night 

not come in time. I, too, used to cry when fell ; and I thought of poor mother 

I got my share ; for mother kept only a coming home from mass, and not finding 

fime, little piece for herself, and said that me ; and little Pierre shouting out, in his 

she had dined in the fields — God pardon clear voice, for Beatrice to bring him his 

her for the lie I and bless her, as I am sure supper. I think I should like to have died 

He did ; for, but for Him, no working that night, and I thought I should too ; for 

man or woman could subsist upon such a when I was obliged to throw myself on the 

wretched morsel as my dear mother took. cold, hard ground, my feet were too torn 

" I was a thin, ragged, bare-footed girl, and weary to bear me any further, 

then, and sickly and weak for want of food ; ** Just then the moon got up ; and do yon 

but I think I felt mother's hunger more know I felt a comfort in lookmg at it, for I 

thau my own ; and many and many a bitter knew it was shining on our little cottage, 

sight I lay awake, crying and praying to and it seemed like an old friend's &ce. A 

God to give me means of workmg for little way on, as I saw by the moon, was 

myself and aiding her. And He luus, in- a village ; and I saw, too, that a man was 

deed, been good to me," said pious Beatrice, coming towards me ; he must have heard 

^'for He has given me all this ! me crying, I suppose. 



] 



THE MIRBOB. 
" WuDotGodgoodtome? ThlBmanwas voile 'Who comes for wnk atradi *b 



I told hi"! the lame ttory I h&ve told jon, 
and be b«lie*ed me, aod took me home. I 
had valked six long lengaes &om our lil- 
lage, tliat day, asking evetywliefe for work 
in Tun ; and here, at bed-time, I found a 
bed and a Eopper I 

" Here 1 lived verf well for some months i 
my master «u Ter; good and kind to me ; 
but, onlockily, too poor to give me any 
iragM; mi tbat I could save nothing to 
send to 107 poor mother. My mistresB 
used to soald; bnt I was nsed to that at 
home, from a,UDt Bridget ; and she beat me 
sometimes, but I did not mind It ; for yonr 
hardy oountry girl is not like yonr tender 
town lassee, who cr; if a pin pricks them, 
and give warning to their mistresses at the 
first hard ward. The only drawback to 
my comfort was, that I had no news of mj 
mottier. 1 could not write to her, nor 
could she have read my letter, if I bad ; so 
there I was, at only six leagoes distance 
iiroro home, so &r off as if 1 had been to 
Paris or to 'Merica. 

" However, in a few months I grew so 
listless and homesick, that my mistress stdd 
she would keep me no longer; and thon^b 
I went away as poor as 1 came, I was still 
loo glad to go back to the old village again, 
and see dear mother, if it were but rar a 
day. I knew she wonld share her crust 
with me, as 8be had done for so long a time 
before ; and hoped that, now, as 1 was taller 
and stronger, I might find work more 
easily in the neighbourhood. 

" You may fancy what a fSle It was 
when I came back ; though I'm sure we 
cried as much as if it had been a fiiaeral. 
Mother got into a fit, which frightened us 
all; and as for aunt Bridget, she skreeled 
away for hours together, and did not scold 
for two days at least Litde Pierre offered 
me the whole of bis supper; poor little 
man ! bis slice of bread was no bigger than 
before I went away. 

*• Well, I got a little work here, and a 
little there ; but still I was a burden at 
home, rather than a bread winner ; and at 
the closing in of the winter was very glad 
to hear of a place at two leagues distance, 
vhere work, they siud, was to be had. Oflf 
1 set, one morning, to And it, but missed 
my way, somehow, until it was night- 
time before I arrived. — Night-time, and 
snow again 1 it seemed as if all my joumejs 
were to be made in this bitter weather. 

" When 1 came to the farmer's door, bis 
bouse was shut up, and his people all a-bed; 
I knocked for a long while in vun ; at last 
he made his appearance at a window np- 
Etairs, and seemed so frightened, and looked 
so angry, that I suppose he look me for a 
lhie£ I told him how I had come for 



>, TOU UD 

baggage, and do not disturb Boneat . 
out of their sleep.' He banged the window 
to ; and so I was left altme to ahiA fix' 
myself as I might. There waa no abed, no 
oow-honse, where I could find a bed ; to I 
got under a cart, on some straw ; it was Mk 
very warm berth. I could not sleep ftp 
the cold ; and the hours passed so slowl^^ 
that it seemed as if I bad been there tat a 
week, instead of a night ; bat still it waa 
not so bad as the Sist night when I bfl 
home, and when die good &rmer fbtmd ma 




In the morning before t was light, the 
farmer's people came out, and saw me 
crouching under the cart. They told ma 
to get up ; but I was so cold that I couU 
not At last the man himself came, and 
recognised me as the ^rl who bad ^l* 
turbed him the night before. When be 
heard my name, and the purpose for whidt 
I came, this good man took me into tba 
bouse, and put me into one of the beds out 
of which his sonshadjuat got ; and if I mu 
cold before, you may be sure I was warm 
and comfortable now. Such a bed as thil 
I had never slept inj nor ever did I have 
such good milk -soup as he gave me out of 
his own breakfast. Well, be agreed to 
hire me ; and what do you think he gtive 
me? — six sous a day I iid let me sleep io 
the cow-house besides : yon may fancy 
how happy I was now, at the prospect of 



■nmgsi 



oney. 



e the 



THE MIRROR. 105 

beet-root besides as I liked ; not a Terr dothed, fed, and educated him : that yonng 

vholesome meal, to be sore, but Qod took sentleman is now a carpenter, and an 

care that it shonld not disagree with me. honour to his profession. Madame Merger 

"So, eyery Saturday, when work was is in easy circumstances, and receives, 

orer, I had tlurty sous to carry home to yearly, fifty francs from her daughter. To 

mother; and tired though I was, I walked crown all. Mademoiselle Beatrice herself is a 

merrily the two leagues to our Tillage, to flmded proprietor, and consulted the writer 

see her again. On the road there was a of this biography as to the best method of 

great wood to pass through, and this laying out a capital of two hundred francs, 

ffig^tened me ; for if a thief should come which is the present amount of her fortune, 

and rob me of my whole week's earnings, • • • • 

what could a poor lone girl do to help her- This ansel is without a place ; and ibr 

self? But I found a remedy for tills tocL tMs reason 1 have indited her history, 

and no thieves ever came near me; I Here is Ms^ Merger's last letter and 

wed to hegia saying my prayers as I en- autograph. The note was evidently com- 

tered the forest, and never stopped until I posed by an Ecrivain pMic : 

was safe at home; and safe I always ar- ^^MaAi 

rived, with my thirty sous in my pocket. Ah ! Jaaaame, 

yoa may be sure, Sunday was a merry day ** Ayant amis par c« Monsieur^ que wmt 

forns aU." vou8 portiezbien^ ainsi que Monsieur , m^ant 

* * * * 8U aussi que vouaparliez de moi dans iH}tre 

This is the whole of Beatrice's history lettre cette nouvdCe nCa fait hien plaisir Je 

vluoh is wordiy of publication ; the rest of profits de Voccasian pour vousfiUre passer ce 

it ady relates to her arrival in Paris, and petit billet ou Je voudrais pouvcir nCtKodoper 

Am various masters and mistresses whom pour aUer vous voir etpour vous dire ^te Je 

lbs there had the honour to serve. As suis encore sans place Je nCennuye toujours 

Hon as die enters the capital, the romance de ne pas vous voir adnsi que Minette (^Mi' 

impgcKCB, and the poor girl's sufferings nette is a cat) qui semble m*interroger tour a 

nd privations luckily vanish with it tour et demander ou vous ites, Je vous 

Bntnoe has got now warm gowns, and envoys aussi la note du linge a blanchir — ah 

Moot shoes, and plenty of good food. She Madame ! Je vais cesser de vous ecrire mais 

hm had her little brother from Picardy ; non de vous regretter" 

RECENT VISIT TO ABBOTSFORD.* romantic, stands a motley pile of architec- 

_. , . , ,..,*, A 1.^ ^ tttre — a mixture of the modem with the 

^ We left the coach at Melrose Abbey, and ancient, the rude with the classic, the grand 

anmediately repaired to Abbotsford--di8- ^^h the beautiful, the chaste with the fan- 

tant three imles on the road to Selki^. So t^stic. If its owner aimed at making it 

tttirely is the late residence of Sir Walter strangely unlike any other structure m the 

Beott hid under the thick foha^ of a steep ^^1^, no one will dispute that the attempt 

knk in front, that we passed it unnoticed, j^^ ^^^ crowned wii entire success. A 

tthough within a dozen rods of the road- Grecianized arch spans the entrance to the 

ade. It stands near where the Tweed rears court-yard, whose gates are set off by a 

jKlffrom its confinement among the hills of p^ of icma*, an instrument used for con- 

Sdkirk, to make a graceful curve through \^^ criimnals by the neck, and brought 

^ nch valley to which it gives the name f^^^ Thrieve Castie in GaUoway, the an- 

of Tweeddale. The mansion is hemmed ^^^^^ residence of the Douglass famUy. Here 

an around by lofty hills— hmitmg the prw- ^ ^^^^ ^^wer is supported by a Roman 

pert in front to a small grove that chmbs ^^^ ^^ ^1^^,^ a Gothic turret springs from 

an abrupt acchvity ; and in the rear to the ^ Norman pillar. Some of the windows 

wrow vale of the Tweed, wid two or ^re concave, some convex ; one is modem 

three woody emmences which skirt the English in its construction, another is copied 

norfli bank of the nver. In the centre ^^^ ^^ famous east window at Mehx)se 

of this secluded spot, at once lovely and Abbey, whUe a tWrd is filled up with a part 

* «r _^ *!,* v,» VI V c< Tr u^,, *, of the door of the old Tolbooth of Edin- 

«;j'n2SS^'S\h»|!:!?t.LTtaw^S5 burgh. The walls are interspersed with 

faacknowledged'^from a Correspondent." With Statues and Stones from numerous ancient 

the nu^ority of the descriptiTe details the reader castles, abbeys, and mansions, containing odd 

S£SC^LfrtJ|»SL?A''rS^^ ii^riptioWarmorial ix^rings^and fl«»re^ 

^ baronial home of genius.— £d.if<r. which are placed here and there witnout 



m TH^ MIRROR. 

vegaxd to orflfir» or tmj eoneehralUe design, interesting to eTerr admirer of the works of 

The projecting porch over the main en- Sir Walter Scott. There is the chair in which 

trance to the house, is copied from that at he sat when composing those tales which 

Iiinlithgow Palace ; ahove which is the have been read whereyer the sun shines ; 

family escutcheon of the Scotts, and a huge the desk on which he wrote, the inkstand, 

pair of stag's horns. Around the skies of and the portfolio which' ecmtained his mann- 

the court'^-ard is thrown a hi^h wall, in scripts. A chair, made of the beams of ths 

which are mserted statues of ancient heroes, house where Sir Willimn Wallace was be» 

statesmen, and poets ; while an iron scre^i, trayed, stands in this room. It also con* 

on the other side, separates it from a gar- tains a gallery of select books, which it 

den, whose rising esplanades display choice mounted by a little winding staircase, on 

varieties of fruits and flowers. As may be the balustrades of which hang die skins of 

supposed, the exterior of Abbotsford pre- a lion, a leopard, and a wol£ 
sents a rare combination of objects calcu- Sir Walter had a remarkable fondness 

lated to arrest the attention of the beholder, for the skins of wild beasts, (so said the old 

and awaken emotions to which his bosom domestic who shewed us over the honse,) 

has before been a stranger. covering his footstools with them, hanging 

Nor is the interior less singular in the them round his most fre(]|uented apartments, 

style of its arrangement, or less adapted and carpeting his sleepmg-room with rare 

to move the mind and impress the heart, specimens from remote parts of the globe. 

Everything within remains as it was when When engaged in writing, he was exqui- 

Sir Walter Scott died. The HaH which is sitely sensitive to interruption, the least 

first entered from the Linlithgow porch, noise breaking the silken duread of his 

resembles a museum, or a cabinet of histo- thoughts. The window of his writing-ruom 

rical curiosities. It is wainscoted, floored, is double ; so constructed for the two-fold 

and ceiled, with wood and marble from the purpose of excluding cold and noise. When 

Palace of Dunfermline, where Robert Bruce absorbed in weaving the web of some of hit 

lies ; fh>m Melrose Abbey, and from the most intricate plots, he would retire from 

Hebrides : and its fire-grate is the same the writing-room, and locking himself in a 

that warmed the humble parlour of Robert little octagonal sJcove, hardly five feet in 

Bums. Its walls are hung round with diameter, which leads out of it, give undis- 

swords, bucks' horns, pistols, saddles, ban- turbed play to his imagination. ** The ex- 

ners, skins of wild beasts, helmets, cuirasses, terior room," said the old woman, ** he 

bows, &c. &c. from ancient battle fields, called his * sanctum ;' the alcove his * sano- 

and from every country, and of all ages — tum sanctorum.' " Within this little closet 

the strangest medley of romance and reality are preserved the last dress Sir Walter 

that was ever brought together in a single wore at Abbotsford ; his coat, hat, &c. One 

apartment It strongly reminds one of of the largest and handsomest apartments 

Scott's description of Ellen's " lodge of in the house is the Library, How charac- 

ample size " in the Lady of the Lake : teristic! It is surrounded entirely witli 

'* For all around tiie walls to grace, bookcases, filled with rare works, arranged 

Hung trophies of the %ht or cliase: in the nicest and most systematic order. 

A ^^t^i IX"^. ^^ °f Scottish aatiquitfes and jape«fr 

And broad-swords, bows, and arrows, Store, tions occupy no small space. Ihe cele- 

With the tusk'd trophies of the boar. brated bust of Sir Walter by Ohantrey, a 

HCTe ffrins ttie wolf as wh«i he died. marble bust of Shakspeare, copied from his 

And there the wild cat's brindled hide *^^v. -♦ c«.<..»a..j „ j » v -I ^* tb- Lj 

The frontlet of the elk adorns, Uymb at btratford, and a bust of Wordi- 

Or mantles o*er the bison's horns: worth, occupy niches in the library. Tha 

Pennons and flags defaced and stain»d, window of this room looks out upon tht 

ISSf.r^^CSS.'J^l^dl^tL^ J^^ ""d the lofty hills Wo.il ,th. 

With otter's fur sod seals unite, finest prospect the mansion affords. There 

In rude and uncouth tapestry all, are several other curious apartments— one 

To garnish forth the sylvan haU.» ^th a ceUing copied from the aisles of 

Another room is called the Armory^ which Melrose Abbey ; another with walls covered 

is the miniature of the corresponding apart* with American cedar, inlaid with oak fhun 

ment in the Tower of London. Here are sundry old castles ; one, adorned with me- 

Bonaparte's pistols, found in his carriage morials from eminent friends, such as an 

after the battle of Waterloo ; Rob Roy's Italian vase from Byron, a gold snuff-box 

musket, with the initials R.M.C. (Robert from Talma, a set of ebony chairs firom 

McGregor Campbell,) upon it ; the hunting George IV. ; but tibie most interesting is Uie 

bottle ofJamesVL; a batde-axe from the field Dining Room, which contains the fiEunily 

of Bannockburn ; a piece of the pulpit from portraits, and where the great genius, on 

which John Knox preached the coronation his return from an unsuccessful pursuit of 

sermon of Mary Queen of Scots ; Tippoo health in Italy, surrendered his spirit to 

Saib's slippers ; and a countless variety of that Being who gave it, on the 2-lst of Sep- 

smaller articles. The Writing' Room is sadly tember, 1832. 



THE MIRROR. 107 



After the door of the dumsion closed ** The cool, steady, and beautiful style in 

behind me, I spent the evening hour in which the ships and vessels, throuah shoals 

walking over the grounds, listening to the and banks, came into their positions, and 

murmurs of the Tweed, watching the mist the noble spirit that animated the whole, 

as it hung its twilight curtains around the in the destructive fire opened and main- 

Eildon Hills, and tracing with my mind's tained, against a very smart return from the 

eye the^ long cavalcade of romance, poetry, forts and batteries, were most gratifying, 

and chivalry which had proceeded from and drew forth my admiration; being en- 

this spot on its march over the world. I abled, in the steamer, to observe ^e simul- 

walked and mused under the shadows of the taneous attack on botii faces : each did his 

thick foliage, till night blended mansion duty to my heart's content" The precise 

and trees in undistmgaishable darkness, time fixed on for the present Panorama is 

Not a breath stirred the leaves, nor a sound ** when the action was at its height, and a 

save my own footfall broke the silence, most terrific explosion took place in the 

For the first time in my life a gloom, not principalmagazine, and consequently, in the 

unlike superstitious dread, settled on my south-east part of t^e town, spreading dis- 

spirits, and I hastily retraced niy steps to- niay and desolation in every direction ; the 

wards Melrose. Abbotsford I The genius dreadful crash was heard far above the tu- 

that once animated its halls has departed mult of the assault, and was immediately 

for ever — succeeded by a most awful pause ; the firing 

" Hush'd is the haxp-the minstrel gone 1" ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ '^^ suddenly suspended, and 

r. . Ill , 1 for a few minutes nothing broke the fearful 

K if "^Ti, * *Ti^ place tenanted only gije^ce but the echoes of the mountains re- 

1 ^l Z ""^^ ""^ ^ ^if^ domestics, who plating the sound like the rumbling of dis- 

j hmsh his memory with more than fihal {ant thunder, and the occasional fall of some 

I motion. tottering building." The city being nearly 

square, and standing on an extreme point of 



£ 



• 

i 



Ij^uhlic ^J^ibitiona* ^^» *^o of its sides are, accordingly, open 
to the sea. At the junction of these two 

BtJRFORD's PANORAMA. "^^f» forming a strongly fortified salient 

angle, the spectator is supposed to stand, 

Mr. Burford has just painted for his upper thus commanding a view <^ the entire action 

circle a Panoramic View of the Bombarcment in both directions ; the immediate fore- 

of Sl Jean (TAcre, with the surrounding ground being occupied by the works of the 

country ; which must be considered a very Egyptians, who are seen intrepidly serving 

interesting accession to the sights of the their guns, under the strong and incessant 

season. It has, at all events, the charm of fire of the assailants, the effect of which is 

oovdty ; for little more than three months apparent in the half demolished state of the 

bare elapsed since the brilliant deed, and embrasures. In front, forming the centre 

scarcely have Parliament voted thanks to of attack, are the four steam vessels ; to 

the conquerors, when here we have a per- the right are six British vessels ; to the left, 

feet pictorial representation of the terrific commencing at the steamers, are the three 

scene. The events which preceded the at- Austrians, then seven British ships, and 

tack on St Jean d'Acre are too fresh in the lastly, the Turkish Admiral ; all presenting 

lecoUection of all to need recapitulation: their broadsides against the devoted walls, 

indeed, they will be found referred to in the the numerous guns throwing forth an inces- 

docription accompanying the view of the sant and most devastating fire. At the back 

town and bay, in the last published volume of the spectator is shewn a great portion of 

of this Miscellany. the city ; the citadel, mosque, and :^ninarets. 

The capture of Sidon and Bcjrrout appear just emerging from the smoke of the explo- 

Qot to have taught Mehemet Ali wisdom ; sion, which is seen somewhat to the right ; 

mi he still obstinately refused the terms of and farther still lies the whole expanse of 

the allied powers. It was, therefore, decided the noble bay, as far as the town of Caiphar, 

to reduce St Jean d'Acre, his last strong backed by the long range of the mountains 

hold, on the coast of Syria. At the com- of Carmel, and the snow-dad summits of 

mencement of the attack, the service of Lebanon. 

steam-ships in war was thus shewn : the The picture, we have pleasure in adding, 

steam division of the Allies having arrived is remarkably well painted ; and we remem- 

in the Bay, immediately commenced throw- her no scene of the kind so well managed 

ing shot and shells into the town, which as the present, since Mr. Burford's Pano- 

mmt have annoyed the garrison very much ; rama of the last Bombardment of Antwerp, 

as, ahhongh they returned a very brisk fire, at the time of its exhibition allowed to be 

frvm the steamers constantly shifting their an exact representation of that most terrific 

pon<to7w, it was harmless. The manceuvre of event. For the accuracy of the picture 

the allied fleet bearing up is thus described before us, Mr. Burford acknowledges him- 

hy the gallant Admiral Sir R. Stopford : self indebted to Captain Stopfonl, who 



106 THE MIRROR. 

fiirnished tibe artist with very important henBk^yii,Antdcpe8iagayAntsubgittiuro8(^ 
information, and various useful details. The and some small quadrupeds described by 
vessels are cleverly painted ; and the land Pallas, which have not before been seen in 
scenery, especially the distances, well ma- Western Europe. Captain George Gray 
naged. The horrible effects of the siege are has presented to it some specimens which 
almost painfully represented; and the scene he has collected during his travels in New 
of destruction and carnage is truly ^palling: Holland ; and Mrs. Dunn has sent a series 
here lie the bleeding slam, and amidst them of Shell and Radiated Animals from New 
the E^ptians, undismayed, are serving tho Zealand, which she had received from Mr. 
guns m all directions ; among demolished Busby. These, wiUi the Shells which the 
embrasures and forts, upset or useless guns. Museum received some time since ftom the 
and houses and works so riddled with shot Rev. Mr. Yates, shew die great riches we 
and shells, as convince us of the chief engi- are to expect from these islu^ when they 
neer's declaration that *' no men could pos- are properly explored, 
sibly have stood longer to their guns in the The eastern gallery of the Museum, which 
batteries, under such a rapid and well- was formerly occupied by collections of 
directed fire.** The salient angle, with its Minerals, having undergone a comidete re- 
nine large guns, sand-bag batteries, traverses pair, has been reopened to the public, with 
of -fescines and sand, and its casemated bat- the collections of Birds and Shells : this 
ter^, — ^iswellmanaged', and its state of devas- room is 300 feet long and 50 feet wide, and 
tation and ruin, as well as the scene of horror contains one of the richest ornithological 
by which this once formidable fortress is collections in Europe. The casea are glared 
enshrouded, will afford an example of the with large panes of plate-glass, with very 
endurance of the Egyptian troops to those numerous brass bars ; and the smaller Birds 
who are inclined to doubt their fighting are arranged on a new plan, on box shelves, 
qualities. each bird having a close back-ground, so as 
Altogether^ this is a most striking repre- to shew its outline distinctly and relieve its 
sentHtion of what the highest military au- colours ; and the Shells, occupying forty 
thority in this country has pronounced to table cases, are exhibited on black velvet, 
be ^ one of the greatest deeds of modem which gives them admirable relief, 
times." Independently, however, of this The Museum has also lately received 
adventitious attraction. Acre is a very inter- many valuable accessions to the Geological 
esting place : no city has, perhaps, expe- Department. Such is the purchase of Mr. 
rienced greater changes from the CEdamities T. Hawkins's additional series of the re- 
of war, from the days of the Canaanites to mains of fossil Saurians from the Lias forma- 
the siege of last year.* As we stood con- tion ; which, added to his former collection, 
templating the horrors of war in this paint- already placed in the Museum, present an 
ing, we reflected how many tales of siege unriysdled series of species in the extinct 
and fire and sword and famme make up the families of Ichthyosaurus and Plestosaunu^ 
sad eventful history of this ill-fated city ^ once inhabitants of Britain. Equally inl- 
and then we thought how many of the fairest portant was the acquisition, in 1839, of the 
spots upon this beautiful earth have been unique collection of still more gigantic and 
scarred by man in the ambitious contentions not less monstrous reptiles, from the Wealden 
and empty conquests of his vainglory I formation of Rent and Sussex, by purchase 
Then turned we to Lebanon and its ever- from Dr. ManteU. Thousands of visitors 
lasting snows, and to Mount Carmel, whose to the British Museum are almost daily 
" flowery top perfumes the sky ;» ^tracted to these wonderful discoveries in 

trntheirmoreagreeableassociationsrelieved ^^^^:^o^^^^^ 

^ C^^'TvIr^^^^''^ ^^^^, ^^^^^ estabUshment-^S 

Of the Panorama of Damascus, in Ae yy.^ ^^e Year-book of Facts, 1841. 
^^np^r '' we shall say a few words m The very interesting coUectioi of Por- 

our nexi. ^^^ -^ ^^^ Museum, (of which a Catalog 

Raisonie has appeared in the Mirror,) was 

ADDITIONS TO THE BRITISH MUSEUH. arranged by the late Mr. Smith, the eminent 

The Zoological Collection has received P^fv®^^""* The majority of these pamtings 

some very interesting Mammalia from Si- '^^ °®®^ \^^ ^^^ ™^y 7^^ '^ t^e store- 
rooms of the Museum, and the suggestion 

* The brilliant aflfiaur at Acre has " settled the of their rescue from dust and neglect oriri- 

Eastem question." The reckoning must be ter- nated with Mr Smith whosp PxtAnmvP 2- 

rific, the weigrht of shot thrown at a broadside by "„li!:.JI VI Itf;!. ZlJf ??? extensive ac- 

the squadron having been calculated to amount to, J^^amtance with portrait history enabled 

at least, I2,434lb. The city wiu be remembered as him to decide the identity of many Portraits, 

ttie scene of Sir Sidney Smith's exploits, whence respecting which there had been consider- 

he was named " the Hero of Acre ;♦' and there has -Wp ilnnlS wuomv 

been suggested to our Government the justice, ""uou 

though late it be, of placing in Westminster Abbey 
a maBumaat to tiie gallant Smith. 



THE MIRROR. 109 

dM%U*t ««^ 'B''™® 7^^> ^"^ ^ enlorgemeot of the Royal 

^mimxjll. Military Academy for the instruction of 

gentlemen cadets at Woolwich, Mr. Gre- 

i>B. OUNTHUS OBEGORT. gory WB8 i^pointed mathematical master 

_ ^ ,. TKT 1 • X. j^., through the mfluence of Dr. Hutton. Shortly 

on ^e 2nd mst, at Woolwich, aged 67, ^j^j, thjg period he received from Mareschal 

U9 Gilbert Gregory, LL.D., FR- A.S., College, Aherdeen, the degree of M. A., as 

rofesor of Mathematics at the Royal ^ tribute of respect to his merit ; and about 

3 Academy. Dr. Gre^ry was bom three or four years afterwards, on present- 
ey, in Hontmgdonshire, Jan. 29, i^g the same coUege with a copy of his 
of respectable parents. At Ae age of j^echanica and the first volume of his Pan- 
em, shorUy ^r he left school, Mr. ^oiogia, he received the farther degree of 
ry made his first attempt as Ml author; lld. Dr. Gregory gave such satisfaction 
18 Lessons, Astronomical andPhiloso- ^t the Royal Mlitary Academy that he 
, were submitted to the public, after ^^s gradually promoted through the inter- 
l received many hints for tiieir im- mediate stages to the professor's chair, which 
nent by the Earl of Carysfort, who ^^ ^^ ,^ the highest reputation until 
luently proved a valuable and steady obliged through ill health, brought on by 
to the young student At the age of intense study, to resign it, in June, 1888. 
^, Mr. Gregory prepared a treatise on ^^^ that period, he had seldom under- 
dmg rule and its most useM applica- taken any pubUc duty ; the last time he ap- 

Xhe manuscript was offer^ to a peared in that capacity being in the latter 
m bookseller, who submitted it to end of 1839, to deliver a lecture for the 
utton ; and, although it was not pub- benefit of the Woolwich Institution, a 
, It was the means of openm^ a cor- g^ciety of which he was elected president 
idence and laymg the foundation of a ^n its formation. Dr. Gregory's consti- 
Bhip between them, which was only tution, although naturally strong, gave 
lated by death. About the year 1794, way under theheaW task imposed upon it, 
^re^ry became acquainted with se- ^nd for the closing month every day was 
distinguished students at Cambndge, looked upon as his last. The kindness and 
Twhom is the present Lord Lyndhurst fostering care extended to young men by 
these he corresponded, and they ex- this enunent mathematician will long be 
d to him the substance and extent of remembered by many who have, like him, 
hole course of study which was then raised themselves by their own exertions. 
Bd by an undergraduate of Trinity or d^, Gregory was the author and editor of a 
hn s College, one of which they urged g^eat number of works and papers on the 
> enter ; but certain scruples which he arts and sciences. From the year 1817, he 
amed at that period induced him to had the whole of the general superintend- 
on all idea of becommg a minister of ence of the almanacks published by the 
ttobhshed church. In 1798, Mr. G. stationers* Company, which had been for a 
5ded to Cambndge, to assist the editor long period conducted by Dr. Hutton. He 
rovincial paper ; but this employment ^as also one of the twelve gentiemen who 
emg very congenial to his taste, he i^a^ the honour of establishmg the Astro- 
mriied the situation ^ter a few months nomical Society of London. A widow, two 

He then opened a bookseller s shop, ^j^^ and one daughter, remain to mourn 

mounced his mtention of teaching ma- the loss of an affectionate husband and 

itics, with the resolution to follow that faUier. 
tment alone which should prove most 
tsfnl. The encouragement he met with 

3d him to dispose of his books at the ^ w a ' 

f about one year, and devote his whole wCUi atlO 9t\ttittii* 

ind talents to his duties as a preceptor. 

I spring of 1801, he wrote a Treatise on ^^ ^^^^ eclipse. 

nomy, and dedicated it to his fnend 

Intton. This work, in one volume This eclipse, on the 6th inst, was but in- 
\ was favourably received by the pub- distinctly seen, on account of the hazy state 
id its merits brought the author into of the weather. At about the period, how- 
{ among the London booksellers, who ever, of the middle of the eclipse, 2h. 6m., 
many literary proposals to him. In the mist was somewhat dispelled by the 
iar 1802, the Stationers' Company con- wind, (almost a gale from the eastward,) 
i to Mr. Gregory the editorship of and the heavens became sufficiently clear 
GendenuaCs Diary, and another of for the observer to distinguish Regulus, Pro- 
almanacks. About the same time he cyon, Pollux, Castor, and various others of 
rtook the general editorship of The the noted stars, which shone for a time 
'hgia, a comprehensive dictionarv of with considerable brilliancy. The eclipse, 
rts and sciences. In December of the ended at 3h. 52m. — Times ; abridged. 



no THE MIRROR. 

CHmSTENING OP THE PRINCESS tn«ngnlw PS?**!?.^ tlie^es of wWdi are 

• TinvAT » ^® *""* of the Qaeen, Prince Albert, and 

KUXALk ^Ijg infant Princess, embossed, the latter 

The ceremony of admitting the Princess borne on a lozenge, and sunnonnted by a 

Royal a member of the Christian church coronet On the plinth are three chemba, 

took place on Wednesday evening, the who nnite in supporting a lai^ water-lily, 

10th inst, in Buckingham Palace, with all which contained the water. This font was 

the splendour and solemnity befitting the placed on a marble table, on which are the 

occasion. The magnificent resources of royal arms of England in mosaic. The 

the royal household were put in requisition, water in the font, and wherewith the royal 

and the same forms and etiquette were ob- child was christened, came from the river 

served as when the Queen performs any Jordan,- having been sent to her Majesty 

public act as sovereign. as a present for this especial purpose. 

The Christening took place in theThrone Candelabra on gilt pedestals were on either 

room, the most superb as well as spacious side of the altar, and within the coved re- 

of the state apartments, which had been cess were two cut-glass chandeliers ; an- 

thus prepared for the ceremony : — The other chandelier of the largest Size was 

throne having been removed from the coved hung in the middle of the room, and cande- 

recess, in its place was erected an altar, co- labra on pedestals richly carved and gilt 

vered with crimson velvet, and having the lined the sides of the apartment The seats 

sacred insignia of the Christian faith em- for the company were of crimson satin da- 

broidered in gold. On it were placed the mask and gold. 

massive silver-gilt communion service of Everything being in readiness, at twenty 
the Chapel Royal, lighted with gold can- minutes to seven o'clock the sacred rite 
delabra. The railing enclosing the altar commenced ; the Archbishop receiving the 
was covered with crimson velvet trimmed infant Princess from the hands of her nurse, 
with gold lace ; and in front, and spread over and holding her during the whole of the 
the rich and costly carpet of the room, was ceremony. At the appointed place, the 
a large square of crimson velvet, beauti- Queen Dowager named the royal child — 
fully embroidered in the centre and at the *' Victobia, Adelaide, Maxt, Louisa ;** 
four comers in gold, and trimmed all round and she received the baptismal sign, and 
with gold lace. On this was the font and even the caresses of her illustrious god- 
round it were assembled the Queen, Prince fathers and godmothers, without even a 
Albert, the sponsors, and the officiating whimper. Her Royal Highness was then 
prelates and clergymen. In front of the handed over to the care of her nurse, and 
altar stood the Archbishop of Canterbury, retired to her own apartments, 
having on one side the Archbishop of York, The ceremony being concluded, the illns- 
and on the other the Bishop of London ; trious and noble assembly proceeded to die 
the Bishop of Norwich and the Dean of banquet, which was laid out in the Picture 
Carlilse being a little behind. The Queen Gallery. The King of the Belgians led in 
and Prince Albert took their stations on the the Queen, Prince Albert the Queen Dow- 
left of the Archbishop. The sponsors were, ager, the Duke of Sussex the Duchess of 
the Queen Dowager, the Duchess of Glou- Gloucester, the Duke of Cambridge the 
cester, the Duchess of Kent, the King of the Duchess of Kent, and Prince George of 
Belgians, the Duke of Sussex, and the Duke Cambridge the Duchess of Sutherland, 
of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, who appeared The number of guests who sat down to 
by proxy, the proxy being the Duke of dinner were seventy-one; and, with the ex- 
Wellington. The Queen Dowager, the ception of a few of the foreign ministers. 
King of the Belgians, the Duchess of Kent, consisted only of the prelates who performed 
and the Duchess of Gloucester, were seated the ceremony, the Cabinet Ministers, the 
in front of the Archbishop, and facing the Great Officers of State, the Hereditary Great 
altar; the Duke of Sussex and the Duke Officersof State, the officers of her Majesty's 
of Wellington being opposite to the Queen household, the commanding officers of the 
and Prince Albert, and thus the whole regiment of Household Cavalry on duty, 
group formed a square, of which the font with the suites of the Queen, the Queen 
was the centre. The Duke of Cambridge, Dowager, Prince Albert, and the attend- 
Prince George of Cambridge, and Prince ants on the royal personages present at the 
Edward of Saxe Weimar, stood behind the ceremony. The only exceptions to this 
Queen Dowager, and the rest of the guests list were, the Duke of Wellington and 
ranged themselves around. ^ Prince Edward of Saxe Weimar ; the one. 

The font, which is of silver gilt, and was however, was proxy of a sponsor, and the 

made expressly for the occasion, shews ele- other nephew to the Queen Dowager, 

gant fancy in the design, and consummate The Picture-gallery, as fitted up for the 

skill in the execution. First, there is a banquet, was shortened by a temporary par- 

* Abridged from the " Times" and the " Court ^^i'^"* ^J ^^^^^^1 ^\ ^^f ^l^ J ^/^ on each 

Circular." of which was displayed a beaufet of plate 



THE MIRROR. Ill 

of tlie most ccMtiy and magnificent descrip- pictorial treasures that adorn its walls, there 
tion. The shield of Achilles occupied the is a degree of elegance about the Picture- 
centre of a group, surrounded by large gold gallery, when fitted up for a state banquet, 
salvers, vases, sconces, candelabra, the Siat renders it one of the most beautiful 
spaces .between the more massive articles sights that can well be witnessed. On this 
being filled up with cups of crystal and occasion, the table was magnificently oma- 
gold, lapis-lazuli vases, tankards of carved mented with silver gilt plate, consisting of 
ivory, mounted in gold, and articles of a a plateau, with epergnes, candelabra, wine- 
simiuur description, many of them being coolers of the most exquisite designs and 
enriched with precious stones. The table finished workmanship, and of greitt variety, 
was decorated with the " Prince of Wales's Many of them were the designs of Flax- 
plateau." On it were placed epergnes con- man, and the artificers in the precious metals 
taining artificial flowers; also, candelabra, and have succeeded admirably, in many in- 
vases, all of silver gilt Among the pictures stances, in transferring all the grace and 
which decorated the walls of the gallery were beauty of the model of the sculptor into 
some of the finest specimens of Rembrandt, their own more durable but intractable ma- 
inclnding the *' Burgomaster Pancrass and terial. Some of the wine-coolers were small 
his Wife," "A Shipwright and his Wife," copies of the Warwick vase, others of Greek 
and ** Women at the Tomb of Christ ;" vases, having on them most beautifully exe- 
the ** Death of Dido," and ** Iphigenia," by cuted bas-relieft. Here might be seen a 
Reynolds ; a very brilliant study ; ** The beautiful and graceful group of bacchanals 
Assumption of the Virgin," by Rubens ; a dancing round a palm tree; there a group 
*• Merry Making," by Teniers ; the " Or- of sturdy tritons labouring at the oar ; then 
phan," by Allan ; and the ** Healing the a Venus floating in a shell ; then a subject 
Sick," and the '* Marriage of St Catherine," from the Greek mythology ; and in all these 
by Vandyke. the beauty of the design and the skill of 

The table was lit with twenty- eight can- the workmanship are such, that the costli* 

delabra, holding from four to six wax- ness of the material is quite lost sight of. 

lights each ; and each of the end screens. The table was lighted with 28 candelabra, 

or beaufets, was brilliantly lit with wax ; holding from four to six wax lights each, 

whilst from the elegant roof of the gallery At each end of the gallery an artificial 

were suspended three large chandeliers. ' screen was erected, to shorten its length. 

In the middle of the dinner table, and im- and on each of these were displayed, on a 
mediately before the Queen,wastbeChristen- background of crimson cloth, some of the 
ingCake,of enormous dimensions: round it choicest specimens of the royal treasury 
was a wreath of flowers ; on the top of it a — vases, censers, shields, salvers, cups, cha- 
rock, surmounting which Neptune, driving lices, of every size and of every description, 
his hippocampi, and in the car a figure of from the squat massive tankard of days of 
Britannia, holding in her arms the infant yore, when the Sovereign might have re- 
Princess Royal, the whole being executed freshed himself on a hunting morning with 
in sugar, and being a very fair specimen of a large draught of a homely beverage, to 
the confectioner's skilL some of the most elegant and graceful cups 

After dinner, the following toasts were of the purest crystal, in the most elaborate 

given by the Lord Steward : — setting of gold fiUagree, and flashing, too, 

" Her Royal Highness the Princess Royal.** with diamonds and other precious stones, 

«• Her Majesty the Queen Adelaide." ^ith which they were studded. Of cups, 

" H^ M^SSlSt Qu^"'*" "*"^" '?««. ''"d «»°''art8, ornamented with pre- 

" His Royal Highness Prince Albert." cious Stones, there were a great number. 

In the evening, there was a Concert in Some with amethysts, some with turquoises^ 

the Grand Saloon. ^^^ diamonds, and sapphires, chrysophrai; 

and emeralds ; and some had small ena- 

THB BANQUET IN THE PICTURE GALLERY, celled paintings let into them of sacred 

The following interesting details are from subjects, having evidently been formerly 

The Times, exclusively : employed in the services of the church of 

** There can scarce be a greater contrast Rome. The screens on which these were 

than the state banquets given in the Picture- displayed were lighted each with S2 cande- 

gallery at Buckingham Palace and those labra, holding from four to six wax lights 

that were given by George IV. and William each ; and when to these are added three 

IV. in the Banqueting-room in St James's, large chandeliers blazing away from the 

considering that the same materials are roof, some idea may be formed of the bril- 

employed ; for though it must be confessed, liant appearance of this apartment." 

from the vastness and grandeur of propor- ■ 

tion of the Ban(}ueting-room, a certain de- Youthful Ambition. — At sixteen, what 

gree of magnificence was obtained, yet sorrow can freeze the Hope, or what pro- 

from its peculiar ^pd beautiful roof, the style phetic fear whisper " Fool," to the Ambi- 

of its decoratiok,' and, more than all, the tion ? — Night and Morning. 



112 THE MIRROR. 

Onht ^nfhtrtr ^^^ through sandy desertfl, •^a^akmiyr 

X^^Z CPaujnrn:. ^^^ bibendi est occasio et in pr€Bteritum et in 

futurum;** and so thirsty heirs soak it in, 

7%e British Association will hold their when they come to their means, who» whilst 

next meeting at Plymouth, from Monday, their feithers were living, might not touch 

July 12th, to Saturday, July ITth. the top of their money, and tmnk they shall 

The late Siege of Acre. — The Duke of never feel the bottom of it when they are 

Wellington remarked, a few evenings since, dead. — FuUer. 

in the House of Lords, that he had no re- Growth of Sentiment — ^Horace Walpole 

collection^ in all his experience, except th6 relates : At a great supper t'oUier night, at 

recent instance on the coast of Syria, of any Lord Hertford's, Lady Coventry sai^ in a 

fort being taken by ships ; excepting two or very vulgar accent, if she drank an v more, 

three years ago, when the fort of St Jean she should be muckiJbus ; ** Lord," said Lady 

d'lJlloa was captured by the French fleet Mary Coke, " what is that f" " Oh 1 its 

That was, he added, ihe single instance Irish for sentimentaV* 

that he recollected ; though he believed that ^ Dangerous Fools, — If men are to be fools, 

something of the sort had occurred at the it were better that they were fools in little 

siege of Havannah, in 1763. The above matters than in great: dulness turned up 

achievement he considered one of the greatest with temerity is a livery all the worse for 

deeds of modem times. It was altogether a the facings ; and the most tremendous of dl 

most skilful proceeding. On inquiring how things is the magnanimity of a dunce. — 

it happened that so small a number of men Sydney Smith. 

were lost on board the fleet, he discovered Wisdom of Mirik. — Lord Bolingbroke 

that it was because the vessels were moored shrewdly notes : '* I have observed, that in 

within one-third of the ordinary distance, comedy the best actor plays the part of the 

The guns of the fortress were intended to droll, whilst some scrub rogue is made the 

strike objects at a greater distance ; and the hero, or fine gentleman. So, in this fhrce 

consequence was, that the shot went over the of life, wise men pass their time in mirth, 

ships that were anchored at one-third of the whilst fools only are serious.** 

usual distance. By that means, they sus- - " 

^^ tJToTX:Z'^^.f^^^ .. GOn SXVK THK OUKKN,. 

rienced. Not less than 600 pieces of ord- ^ ^^"^ national anthsm, 

nance were directed against the walls ; and Written bp John Glanfisld, on the Oceadon tf 

the precision with which the fire was kept *^ ChrUtemng of the Princess Ropal. . 

up, the position of the vessels, and lastly, ^pD save our gracious Queen, 

♦if- -ki^JU^M «« ^fi ♦■!»« io«.«A «,^«/M>»:«A «ii Bless'd with a brow serene, 

the blowing up of the large naagazme, all Long may she rd^ ; 

aided m achieving this great victory in so May wisdom pdnt the end, 

short a time. Justice her cause defend. 

Earthquake at Ararat— A. traveller who ^ercy to aU extoid j 

1- 1 A 1 • 'x J A • ji X M ^ God save our Queen ! 

has lately visited Armema, details some of - , . 

Ae deyastation of Ae great earthquake on ^fJe''^ toe°SSSZ?S.ed 

June 22nd last Envan has not simered light o'er the land ; 

much ; but from that city to Mount Ararat, May war and discord cease, , 

a distance of 30 versts, all the villaires are Churches unite in peace, 

, ~_ J J , j» **" '"^ u V^ \ Bntons their wealth increase J 

destroyed, and he rode through Imes of God save our Queen < 

ruins without being able to find a house in ^^^ ^ ^„ ^^^^ ^^^^ ' \ 

wnicn ne could pass the mgnt. He visited And through the Gotha line 

Ararat, and saw the immense sunken spot liberty beam ; 

or fall, whereby the whole village of Akuri Time slowly moving spread 

was swallowed up with its3,000 inhabitants, KLt^luS^lid Sd ' 

not one of whom was saved. Not a trace of God save our Queen ! 

their dwellings remains ; nor is there a vestige |^xhe above Anthem has been published at a cfaei^ 

of the church which was held sacred by the rate, illustrated with a vignette of the august cere. 

Armenians, from a belief that it was built mony o^ the Royal Christraing j uid a copy has 

on the spot where Noah made his first been forwarded for presentation to her Majesty.] 

sacrifice to God, after the flood. Neither w^q correspondents. 

is anything to be seen of the celebrated j^ ^ particularly requested that all Communica. 

monastery of St. Jacob. All has disap- tions for the Editor, Books, &c., for review, be 

peared, except a vast mass of earth, stones, addressed to the Office of the Publisher, No. i, St. 

sand, and volcanic debris. Armenia has Martin»s-place, Trafalgar-square. 

not experienced Sudl a misfortune since the London : Published by HUGH CUNNINGHAM. 

eighth century — Muntch Faper^ quoted m i, st. Martin' b Place, Trafalgar Square; and sold 

the Times, by all Booksellers and Newsmen. — In Paris, by all 

Inherited Fortunes, — It is observed of the Booksellers.-lnFKAKcvoKT. by Charles Juget 

camels, that having travelled long without T. C. Savill, Printer, 107, St. Martin's Lane. 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 
Ko 1047] SATURDAY FEBRUARY ao 1841 [Pbicr J 




114 THE MIRROR. 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE, FRIENDLY SOCIETIES.— IL 
PREPARED FOR THE ROTAL CHRISTENING. *« GooD Benefit OF Friendly Societies are of 
The prefixed Engraving represents, with as much consequence in a country as good 
picturesque accuracy, the Altar &c. as Assurance Companies. It is aii excellent 
fitted in the Throne-room of Buckingham thing to be enabled to sit down, and, whilst 
Palace, on the occasion of the Christening P possession of nothing except a professional 
of the Princess Royal, on the 10th instant income, bequeath, by a dash of the pen, five 
As the majority of the details of the fittings thousand pounds, assured payable at death, 
have already appeared in our Miscellany, to a widow and fatheriess children. No less 
(see p. 1 10,) it will be sufficient here to ob- excellent, however, is it in its way, that 
serve that the general efl:ect is considered persons in the humbler classes of life should 
to have been highly creditable to the taste ^^^^ a means, in small monthly contrihu- 
of the royal decorators. The front design tions, collected into a common stock, of pro- 
was executed in gold and white, highly en- tectmg themselves from the effects of casual- 
riched, with two figures, wholly gilt, bear- ties to which they are liable ; and which 
ing a medallion portrait of King George would, in their occurrence, if provision to 
the Fourth ; the draperies being of crimson "leet them were not made beforehand, ine- 
velvet, richly trimmed with gold lace, &c vitably and entirely overwhehn them." 
Immediately in front of this design, was (Rev. J. Hodgson.) But it unfortunately 
placed the circular mosaic table, with the happens that Friendly Societies, as at present 
elegant font, made for the occasion. It may constituted, very seldom realise those happy 
be added, that the magnificence of the en- prospects, or avert the ruin of those direful 
tire fittings was much admired : the Altar, calamities. The great obstacle to the effi- 
with its superbly-embroidered crimson vel- cient establishment of such institutions 
vet hangings, and massive silver-gilt plate throughout the country, rests not in any 
(the central salver bearing a fine represen- reluctance on the part of the people to enter 
tation in alto rilievo of ** the Last Supper,") them, but in the difficulty to comprehend 
lit with richly-designed candehibras, toge- the nature and true extent of their risks. 
ther with the insign^ of the Christian faith, ^r. Tidd Pratt states that, from the month 
embroidered both on the Altar-cloth, and o^ August, 1833, to August, 1834, the 
above the Altar, beneath a cove of gilt rays, number of Societies certified, by him was 
presented a coiq) d'oeil of stately splendour 360 ; and from August, 1834, up to 1835, no 
and characteristic solemnity. The cere- ^ess than 750 more :— a dear proof that the 
mony was, altogether, a scene of impressive frugal habits of the people,, their disposition 
interest— such as will not soon pass away to a most laudable foresight, and their 
from remembrance; and the contemplation anxieties for increased cono^rts, have, of 
of which must have inspired many a fervent l^te, received a strong impulse, and must he 
prayer for England's Hope I acting very powerftOly^ in promoting their 

well-being and prosperity. 

rkTTT?T T r-Kr* '^^^ great majority of the members of 
l>Ul!.L,l.lJNi^. Friendly Societies are incapable of dealing 
Duelling may be considered of super- with the mathematical in^cacies in which 
stitious origin, from its rise in the ancient the principles of them are usually involved, 
appeal to heaven in judicial controversies, Few even of the wealtJiier classes know 
by combat, or trial by battle. But, the much of the doctrines of tifie contingencies 
Duel, in the modem sense of the term, was when applied to common assurances, as is 
unknown before the sixteenth century, evinced m their daily tnlnsactions in those 
We find, however, one anecdote, which matters; and how exceedingly unreasonahle 
seems to illustrate its derivation from the to expect the labouring community to clearlr ' 
judicial combat. The Dukes of Lancaster comprehend the same laws, when applied 
and Brunswick having some differences, under an infinitely more difficult and corn- 
agreed to decide them by Duel before John, plex character to Benefit Societies. K work- 
Ring of Franqfe^' the lists were prepared men were in their youth capable of seeing, 
with the solemnity of a real trial by battle, in a statistical light, the true features and 
but the Ejng interfered to prevent the en- full extent of the infirmities attendant upon 
gagement {ViUaret.) old age, it might then be possible to con- 
The barbarous practice of wearing swords vince their judgment that nothing short of 
as a part of domestic dress, which tended an abundant provision must be made in the 
very much to the frequency of Duelling, summer of life, in order to meet the vicissi- 
was^vuot introduced till the latter part of tudes of that winter, which incapacitates for 
the fifteenth century. Until the thirteenth labour, and when man must eat of his own 
year of William III., swords were worn, industry, or subsist on the bounty of others, 
even by footmen ; in the above year, the " For the time cometh when no man can 
practice was prohibited by an official notice work." 
from the Earl Marshal. Aliquis. Mr Hector Davies Morgan says, that 



THE MIRROR. 



115 



rimanr cause of tbe failure of these 
« is the false principles upon which 
e constructed ; the want of all pro- 

between the means and the end; 
1 the premium paid and the benefit 

; and the neglect of a j nst calculation 
contingencies of life." " They hold 
lefits to their members," remarks 

■writer on the same subject, " which 
re perfectly unable to grant, and 
ire greater than can be afforded from 
ill monthly payments, which in most 
38 are demanded ; and thus it happens 

the course of thirty or forty years, 
aeieties are generally ruined." " The 
' of Friendly Societies," writes Mr. 
his Treatise on Contingent and Even- 
ises, ** which have failed is immense ; 
re is every reason to believe that a 
iroportion of failures will take place 
.ve occurred, and that the results of 
erience of a similar period hereafter 
much more unfavourable." And Mr. 
m his clever and valuable work on 
y Societies, affirms that, " There is 
r a village in England where may 
bond many unfortunate instances of 
lilure." Indeed, no proof of these, 
3, but lamentable results is needed. 

every tradesman must be aware of 
lases of failure, without having re- 
to higher authorities. Unluckily, 
lerous instances in which disappoint- 
as fallen on the hopes of the patient 
itors to those institutions, have served 
•text to the idle and improvident by 
hey might plausibly argue the inu- 
' fbrethought, in providing for old 
L to overlook the valued truth, " If 
D will not work, neither shall he 

mmerous cases of failure are no argu- 
ainst the eminently useful character 
I Societies, when established on a 
nd scientific basis. No institutions 
more secure than Friendly Societies. 
tile speculations may fail under the 
>]e and skilful management: agri- 
enterprise is subject to the most 
irregularities from natural vicissi- 
mtthe laws of sickness and mortality 
brought under the dominion of the 
»]culation. Members have them- 
Iways to blame when the scheme into 
hey have entered &ils from inade- 
ontributions. The Government, as 
many other bodies, have done much 
n information for the data of the 
ions on which the amount of their 
ition should depend. In so many 
us this information been neglected, 
8 sometimes difficult to excuse their 
iid we not consider, that it is difficult 
, to put confidence in the figures of 
so long as they are unable to follow 
s step of the process from which the 



inductions were derived. The truth and 
accuracy of these tables can onl^ be under- 
stood by a person capable of gomg through 
the mathematical details of the calculations 
producing them. It appears to us, howQver, 
that the mdustrious class of labourers and 
mechanics might be taught to guard against 
those errors into which they fdl in the ma- 
nagement of Benefit Societies ; not by giving 
them a mathematical education, but by a 
much more simple process, and one, so fer 
as we are aware, which h&s never been 
adopted ; that is, to present plans of the 
working of such institutions, on the known 
laws of sickness and mortality, over a period 
of fifty or sixty years. 

The advantages arising from the exami- 
nation of those plans, wUl be a conviction 
that Friendly Societies may have a very 
great surplus income for many years after 
their establishment, and at the same time 
have the seeds of destruction engendered in 
their constitution. It will show, that before 
becoming a member of such a Society, it 
will be of no value to the individual to in- 
spect its accounts, or place confidence in the 
existence of a large stock or fund. In fact, 
such plans will be highlv calculated to point 
out all the errors committed in the manage- 
ment of those beneficial and philanthropic 
institutions; and to inspire the humbler 
classes with a confidence in the correctness 
of those calculations, which are meant for 
the guidance of their rapidly spreading 
Societies. 

In the present paper there will be room 
for only one such plan ; it will be formed on 
the scheme of a Society which actually did 
exist, but went down from inadequate con- 
tributions. In order to trace the operations 
of the Society so constituted, we will suppose 
that, in the following plan, it commenced in 
the year 1795, with 792 members, each 25 
years of age; the contributions, %d. per 
month ; and the benefits given, 5«. per week 
in sickness, and 5?. at death. 

PLAN A. 



Tear. 



1795 
1800 
05 
10 
15 
20 
25 
30 
35 



1840 
45 



Survi. 
von. 



792 
752 
707 
657 
602 
541 

476 

404 
320 



246 
166 



Amount 

of 
Contri- 
butioDB. 



1540 
1460 
1364 
1264 
1146 
1018 
880 
730 



572 
412 



Total 


TotalStock. 


Expendi- 


Improved 


ture. 


Interest. 


JS 


£ 


m 


597 


1029 


1190 


nil 


1758 


1219 


2159 


1365 


2353 


1484 


2319 


1797 


1792 


2246 


331 




Society now 




in debt, as 




follows: 


3144 


2274 


3540 


6169 



Periodical 
Additions 
to Stock. 



597 
Wi 

568 
401 
194 



From the inspection of the above plan, 
which we will call A. for the purpose of 



J 



116 THE MIRROR. 

fdtnre reference, it will appear that the they trickled down the window. My Und 
Society had a surplus income for more than landlady saw how slowly the time passed 
25 years. From that time the stock con- with me, and tried by all the scanty means 
tinued to decrease, but was still adequate to in her power to divert nnr listlessness. She 
meet all demands made upon it, for the long brought me a flute, which I seized gladly, 
period of 40 years after its establishment but it was cracked in three places ; and the 
At that time, in the year 1835, there was only violin the house possessed wanted two 
still a stock of 33 U, but if the Society had string^s. Not possessing the gifts of a Pa- 
existed up tin 1840, it must have contracted ganini, I could draw no music from what 
adebt of 2274/., and by the end of the next remained, and threw it aside in despair, 
period of five years, no less an amount of Had she any books ? She did not know, 
debt than 6169?., with more than one-fifth of but would try to find some ; and came back 
the original members still aliye, each respon- after some time with an odd volume of a 
sible for a debt of more than 37/., and no stupid novel This I read through, and 
provision made for tiieir future liabilities, tried to read again; but nature was unequal 

From the examination of the fourth co- to such an effort, and the volume was flung 
lumn it will be found how very rapidly the into the same comer with the violin. Cast- 
expenditure increases aa^r the first tWenty ing my eyes round in the hopeless search 
years, although the number of members is of some employment, I chanced to see on 
annufilly becoming less. From looking over one of the wmdow panes the names of 
the third column it will be appear Jiow very Casimir and Julia written on the glass with 
great a decrease takes place on the income a diamond, within a heart. This little in- 
after the same period. cident was a prize for an idler, and I drew 

It is from the members of Friendly So- near the window to examine the names 

cieties not taking a prospective view of their with a feeling something like satisfiEU^tion. 

institutions that so many failures take place. My hostess, who was beginning to despair. 

Many in the first years of this Society would, was delighted at finding something to amuse 

from its increasing stock, have believed it to me, and began at once — 

be in a most flourishing condition ; while its ** I see monsieur is looking at those two 

contributions were inadequate to meet all names on the glass. Ah, those young peo- 

the future demands to be made upon it. In pie did not find the time so heavy here as 

the Plan now given, no account has been monsieur does." 

taken of new members entering the Society ; " You know, then, who the names belong 

and it was, for simplicity, supposed that all to? Do tell me the story." 

were of the same age. In a subsequent ** With great pleasure. Last spring, a 

article will be given the experience of an young gentleman and lady stopped here 

actual Society, with the correct number of one evening, and stayed with me some 

members, and their ages, from sixteen to weeks. They were both handsome, and it 

upwards of sixty years. It will likewise be was hard to say which seemed to love the 

shewn that the effect produced by the ad- other best. They lived in the little room 

dition of young members, on the same inade- to the south, which locks out on my daugh-. 

quate terms, is but to prolong its existence ter's flower-garden, and never went out all 

for two or three years, augment the misery day long. At evening, they used to take a 

and suffering of its survivors, spread aggra- walk by the river, and I often noticed, when 

vated bitterness and disappointment over a they came home, that the lady's eyes were 

greater circle of the aged and infirm, and red, as though she had beem weeping, and 

involve a greater number of persons in the the young man looked as if he wanted to 

inevitable ruin which awaits its dissolution, cry too. They were kind and gentle to. 

N. p. Q. F. every one, and all the people about the. 

« house loved them. Who they were, or 

what brought them to such an out-of-the- 

A RUNAWAY MARRIAGE. ^ay place as this, I could not tell, and they 

{From the French:) never said a single word about their affairs. 

They paid me regularly, out of a purse, 

Onb afternoon, in the year 18 — , I was which 1 saw was getting empty every week, 

sittiuj^, lionesome and listless, in the parlour So things went on, and we had got so used 

of a httle inn in one of the dullest villages to our strange visitors, that we did not trou- 

in the south of France. It rained in tor- ble our heads much about them, when, early 

rents, so that I was forced to find amuse- one morning, I was aroused by the smell of 

ment within doors. In this I was particu- smoke, ^nd jumped up, thinking the house 

larly unsuccessful. I sat a couple of hours must be o^ .fire.. A ^ick choking smoke, 

at my solitary table to while away the time, that came frojpa the south end of the house, 

yet the evening was hardly begun. What almost stifled me. I ran as fast as I could 

to do next to kill the time ? I walked up to the room where they slept, and when I 

and down the room till I was tired, and opened the door, what do you think I saw, 

then in despair began counting the drops as sir ? Why, there lay the poor young gentle- 



THE MIRROR. 117 

inaii md lady on the floor, and the room relentinff hefore he has heen married a 

¥88 filled with the charcoal Ihey had lighted year. Degraded, by -the unsuitable alliance 

over night. Only think of two such sweet he has entered into, from his proper position 

pretty creatures killing themselves! I open- in society, and chuned to a woman whose 

ed the window, and the fresh air seemed to associations and ideas are totally different 

rerive them a little. While I was trying from his, owing to the different sphere in 

to help them, I heard a carriage stop at the which she has moved, he will lose all pride 

door, and in a minute a stranger rushed and ambition, and barely vegetate through 

into the room, a tall, fine-looking old man, an unhappy existence. Nay, he will have 

with a military air. He knew the young to endure greater and more real evils. 

man at once, for he cried, * Oh, Casimir, Satiety, indmerence, and disgust will soon 

my son, my son, my son t' and came near, succeed to the romantic ardour of the two 

failing senseless himself by his side. How- lovers, and their affections be wholly alien- 

6Ter, with the help of my women, we soon ated from each other. Such is doubtless 

brought them all to life; and then you theexistenceofyour Casimir and his wife." 

should have seen the joy of them all, and " You know the hero of the story, then?" 

how they laughed and cried; and I, too, asked the painter, for I had not mentioned 

as hard as any of them. The old gentle- the names of any of the parties. The 

man was Greneral de Beausencourt, I found, stranger seemed not to hear the question, 

and the young man his son, who had mar- and left us to join a party at the card-table. 

ried a beautiful young girl, far below him A few minutes afterwards, a young man 

in rank and fortune, and fled with her to came to tell him his wife wished to go home. 

escape his father's anger. The general had He was in the middle of a game, and the 

been hunting for them ever since they left information communicated to his features a 

Paris, firmly determined, if he found them, most unequivocal expression of ill-humour. 

to force his son to go home with him, and " Go and wait on your sister home," he 

have the marriage dissolved by the courts, answered, and went on with his game. The 

But when he found his darling son lying young man went up to a pale unhappy 

there so pale and speechless, his love got looking woman, who presently left Uie room 

the better of his anger, and he not only for- with him. " Who is that lady who has just 

gave him, but, for his sake, his young wife ; gone out ?" I asked the lady of the house. 

and all their troubles were over at once, and "Madame Casimir de Beausencourt," was 

all were as happy as happy could be, and all the answer. 

vent away in the general's carriage." 

My landlady's story interested me deeply, 

and I hardly knew which to admire most, ASH- WEDNESDAY. 
the affection of the young couple, or the 

generous forgiveness of the father. One of the most amusing of Howell's Fa- 

Two years had elapsed, and I had totally miliar Letters is dated " Ash- Wednesday, 

forgotten the lovers and their adventures, 1654," addressed to R. Baker, Esq., and 

when I was invited to pass an evening at runs thus : — 

the house of one of our most distinguished " Now that Lent and Spring do make 

painters. When I entered the room, I found their approach, in my opinion, fasting would 

oor entertainer engaged in conversation with conduce much to the advantage of tiie soul 

a man of a grave and pensive demeanour, and body ; though our second institution 

They were talking of marriage, and the of observing Lent tdmed at civil respects, 

painter maintained with warmth that there as to preserve the brood of cattle, and ad- 

vas no possibili^ of a happy union without vance the profession of fishermen, jQi it 

ardent mutual affection. His adversary in- concurs with the first institution — viz., a 

listed that such marriages were always un- pure spiritual end, which was to subdue the 

happy. After dilating on this view, he flesh, and that being brought under, our 

added, *' I pity from the bottom of my heart other two spiritual enemies, the world and 

ftose thoughtless beings who hope to realize the devil, are the "sooner overcome. The 

their fantastic dreams of love and happiness naturalists observe, that morning spittle 

in such an union. Yes, I pity them from kills dragons ; so fasting helps to destroy 

the very bottom of my heart, for they will the devil, provided it be accompanied with 

aeon be cruelly undeceived, and bitterly re- other acts of devotion : to fast for one day 

gret their fatal, their irremediable error." only, from about nine in the morning tiU 

" Sir," I replied, " I think I could men- four in the afternoon, is but a mock fast 

tion two persons whose example would tri- The Turks do more than so in their 

mnpbantly confute your reasonings." And Ramirams and Beirams ; and the Jew also, 

I then told the story I had heard at the inn, for he fasts from the dawn in the morning, 

wMch affected our entertainer deeply. till the stars be up in the night, as you 

** Well, sir ?" I asked. observe in the devout and delicate poem 

**Well," replied my antagonist, "that you pleased to communicate unto me lately: 

Toung man will bitterly regret his father's I was so taken with the subject, that I pre- 



118 THE MIRROR. 

gently lij^ted my candle at your torch, and to Constantinople^ and asked wlial be In 

fell into these stanzas : observed * most remarkable in thai so m 

"i.NowLentiscome,lettisre«hdn acity?' He answered that, * among oAi 

From carnal creatures, quick or slain : thmgs, the Christians haye a kind of auu 

Let's fiistt and macerate the flesh, which thrown upon the head, do present 

Impomid, and keep it in distress, ^^^ madness ; for in Venice, I saw H 

"2. For forty days, and thm we shall people go up and down the streets, (a 

Have a replevm from the thrall f . ^' ,v«.i«^ ««^ ««♦:« ^*^^.n^ ji:«<JI:.2i 

By that hSss'd Prince, who for this F^st, ?«j) ^,^\ and antic Strange disguises, 

Will give us Angel's food at last. bemg m the eye of human reason sta 

"3. But to abstain ftom beef, hog, goose, ™ad ; but the next day, (meaning As 

And let our appetite go loose Wednesday,) they are suddenly cure4 

To lobsters, crabs, prawns, or such fish f that madness, by a sort of ashes which tb 

We do not fest, but feast in this. ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^, 

" 4. Not to let down lamb, Wd, or veal, "If the said ambassador w»e he 

^'cSrar^fS;;S?f' "'*^^ amongst us, he would think our mode 

Anchovies, oysters, and hke fare. gallants were all mad, or subject to be ma 

" 5. Or to forbear from flesh, fowl, fish, because they ashe and powder their perid 

And eat potatoes in a dish niums all the year long. 
Done o'er with amber, or a mess « So, wishing your meditations suital 

Of lingos, in a Spanish dress. ^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ thoughts, which fl 

"^•S».?'v®^*^,f***'^;°^**^'_. ^st when they are the offsprings of go 

Which water, earth, or air doth bring ; on+Jonc T t* oet r o o 

And lose a hundred poimd at gleek, acuons, i rest. 
Or be a saint when we should sleep. " Your ready and real friend, 

" J. H.* 



" 8. Or, to leave play with all high dishes , 

And feed our thoughts with wanton wishes : 

****** THE OLDEST CHURCH IN 

'* 9. This is not to keep Lent aright, ENGLAND. 

But play the juggling hippocrit: [man rp„„ , « i • *: i l'x ^ 

He truly Lent observes, who makes Oie inward ^^^ lovers 01 ecclesiastical architectO] 

To fast as well as make the outward feed on antiquhies have, for some time, been awf 

^^^^^' that the parish church of Brixworth, I 

" The French Reformists have an odd tween Northampton and Market Hi 

way of keeping Lent, for I have seen the borough, exhibits the finest specimen 

walls of their temples turned to shambles, the Roman or the Anglo-Roman buildi 

and flesh hanging upon them on Lent Sun- in the whole kingdom. If this church i 

days ; insomuch that he who doth not know actually erected in the time of the Roma 

their practice, would take their churches to it is the only ecclesiastical monument 

be synagogues of Jews, and that the bloody that people in this country, as well as 

Leviticid sacrifices were offered there. most ancient of our ecclesiastical edific 

** And now that my thoughts are in Its antiquity was, at first, suspected 

France, a witty passage of Henry the Great Mr. George Baker^ of Northampton ; 1 

comes into my mind, who being himself in it was subsequently ascertained, and carr 

the field, sent to the old Count of Soissons higher in the scale of centuries, by '. 

to accompany him with what forces he friends Rickman and Britton, the lat 

could make. The Count answered, that of whose dicta have been acquiesced in 

* he was grown decrepid and crazy; besides, numerous antiquaries who successively 
his estate was so, being lAuch exhausted in sited and inspected the building, and co 
the former wars, and all that he could do pared it with other accredited remains 
now for his Majesty was to pray for him.' the Roman era. Nearly all the nave 8 

* Doth my cousin of Soissons,' said the the square tower still subsist in their on 
king, 'answer me so? They say that prayer nal state, displaying the strong mass 
without fasting hath nothing of that effi- masonry of the Roman people, who seen 
cacy as when they artf joined ; Ventre de to design all their works for an " eter 
St. GriSf (by the belly of St Oris,) I will empire." The composition is of unhe 
make him fast as well as pray, for I will stones, cemented with a mortar harder tl 
not pay him a penny of his ten thousand themselves, and containing the charact 
crowns pension, which he hath yearly for istic deep brick or tilted arch for the do 
these respects.' ways, cloister windows, and approach to 

"The Christian church hath a longer aisles. The original aisles have long been 

and more solemn way of fasting than any moved, but their ancient foundations h 

other religion, take Lent and Ember-weeks been discovered, at least on the north i 

together. In some churches, the Christians of the church, though not yet followed 

use the old way of mortification, by sack- to any extent But, though the most cc 

cloth and ashes, to this day ; which makes petent antiquaries were agi'eed in assign 

me think on a facetious tale of a Turkish to the church a very high antiquity 

ambassador in Venice ; who being returned these ostensible data, it was, nevertbel' 



THE MIRROR. 119 

jdftlj oonrfdered pojudble that the diarcH inoonndenble sum, we expect, will be 

might hare been built some time after the raised within a month, in the county of 

Romans left this country, with the materials Northampton, rich in architectural anti- 

of a more ancient Roman building, not- quities beyond comparison with any other 

withstanding the brick tiles have no ap- district of England ; and the residence of a 

pearance of having been used before. It great number of ancient opulent fiunilies, 

was, therefore, desirable to ascertain whether who will, doubtless, take pride in preserving 

or not the ancient foundation was of the these admirable specimens of art from the 

same age with the present superstructure ; wreck of time. 

and the existing chimcel being of later date 

than the nave or tower, it was still uncer- 
tain whether there had ever existed in its CAPTURE OF AN ALLIGATOR. 
place the semicircular structure of the 

Roman basilica (that is, the east end of the ^^ a recent Number of Silliman*s -4mm- 
kdlding where the praetor held his court) can Journal of Science and the Arts, we find 
Happily, this is no longer a matter of doubt ^^ following very interesting account of 
or uncertainty ; for on Thursday, Jan. 28, *^e Capture and Death of a large Alligator, 
the Rev. C. F. Watkins, the vicar, having at Manilla, in the island of Luconia, one of 
gone into the chancel to inspect the making the Philippines, the details of which con- 
of a new grave, perceived a portion of ^^^ several of the astounding stories re- 
a&cient masonry at one comer of the exca- ^^^d of this stupendous creature : — 
vation, which seemed to verge in a gentle }^ the course of the year 1831, the pro- 
curve towards the east Immediately con- prietor of Halahala, at Manilla, in the island 
jecturing that it was part of the original o^ Luconia, informed me that he frequently 
basilica, he laid it open for four or five feet, ^ost horses and cows on a remote part of his 
with every appearance of ultimate success ; plantation, and that the natives assured him 
and thereupon sent a message to the Rev. they were taken by an enormous alligator, 
W. Hume, rector of Scaldwell, who has an ^^^ frequented one of the streams which 
interest in the charcel, with whom, and his ^^^ i"'^ the lake. Their descriptions were 
brother, the Rev. Charles Hume, rector of ^ highly wrought, that they were attri- 
Stoke Moor, Hants, Mr. Watkins pursued ^^^ed to the fondness for exaggeration to 
the investigation on Monday, till they had ▼luch the inhabitants of that country are 
the satisfaction of discovering and laying peculiarly addicted, and very little credit 
open the whole circuit of the original wall, ^^ gi^en to their repeated relations, 
which descends from the floor of the pre- A^ doubts as to the existence of the 
lent chancel to a depth of about four feet ; animal were at last dispelled by the de- 
iere it encloses an ancient floor of hand- struction of an Indian, who attempted to 
Mne cement, the surface of which has ^^^ *^® river on horseback, although en- 
somewhat the appearance of stalagmite, treated to desist by his companions, who 
probably occasioned by a slight deposit of crossed at a shallow place higher up. He 
calcareous matter carried down through the reached the centre of the stream, and was 
Bopermcumbent rubbish of lime and earth, laughing at the others for their prudence. 
This newly discovered wall descends still 'when the alligator came upon him. His 
lower ; how much deeper it goes is not yet, teeth encountered the saddle, which he tore 
but soon will be, ascertained. What is most ^^m the horse, while the rider tumbled on 
kportant is, that it is of the same thick- t^e other side into the water, and made for 
ness, composition, and age as the nave and ^® shore. The horse, too terrified to move, 
iquare tower, which leaves the antiquity of stood trembling when the attack was made, 
the whole with scarcely the shadow of a The aUigator, disregarding him, pursued 
doubt It is Mr. Watkins's intention to ap- the man, who safely reached the bank, 
peal to the country at large, and to all who ▼hich he could easily have ascended, but, 
take an interest in these antiquarian re- rendered foolhardy by his escape, he placed 
searches, which throw so much hght on the himself behind a tree which had fallen 
history of the church of this kingdom, to partly into the water, and drawing his 
enable him to rebuild the chancel upon this heavy knife, leaned over the tree, and, on 
the original substructure, the grouted ce- ^^ approach of his enemy, struck him on 
ment of which is even now harder than the the nose. The animal repeated his assault, 
itones which it binds together ; and by and the Indian his blows, until the former, 
clearing away the encompassing mould, to exasperated at the resistence, rushed on the 
exhibit the most entire and best-preserved nian, and seizing him by the middle of the 
architecture of such high antiquity which hody, which was at once enclosed and 
^ Idngdom is known to contain.* The crushed in his capacious jaws, swam into 
cost ofthis repsdr is stated at 200/., which ^c lake. His friends hastened to the 

rescue; but the alligator slowly left the 

*ThtK details have been copied from the iSTor**- shore, while the poor wretch, writhing and 

■i^toM Herald. shnekmg m his agony, with his knife up- 



ISO THE MIRROR.* 

lifted in 1m8 elawed hands, seemed, as the his moudh Finding himfdf tttaelrftd on 

others expressed it, ** held. out as a man every side, he renewed his attempts to as- 

would carry a torch.'* His sa£Perings were cend the banks, but whatever part of him 

not long contioued, for the monster sank to appeared was bored with bullets, and fed- 

the bottom, and soon after reappearing ing that he was hunted, he forgot bis own 

alone on the sur&ce, and calmly basking in formidable means of attack, and sought 

the sun, gave to the horror-stricken spec- only safety from the troubles which sur- 

tators the fullest confirmation of the death rounded him. 
and burial of their comrade. . A low spot, which separated the river 

A short time after this event, I made a from the lake a little above the nets, was 

visit to Halahala, and expressing a strong unguarded, and we feared that he would 

desire to capture or destroy the alligator, succeed in escaping over it It was here 

my host readily offered his assistance. The necessary to stand firmly against him ', and 

animal had been seen a few days before, in several attempts which he made to cross 

with his head and one of his fore feet rest- it, wetumed him back with spears, bamboos, 

ing on the bank, and his eyes following the or whatever first came to band. He once 

motion of some cows which were grazing seemed determined to force his way, and 

near. Our informer likened his appearance foaming with rage, rushed with open jaws, 

to that of a cat watching a mouse, and in and gnashing his teeth, with a sound too 

the attitude to spring upon his prey, when ominous to be despised, appeared to have 

it should come within his reach. his full energies aroused, when his career 

Hearing that the alligator had killed a was stopped by a large bamboo thrust vio- 

horse, we proceeded to the place, about five lently into his mouth, which he ground to 

miles from the house. It was a tranquil pieces, and the fingers of the holder were so 

rt, and one of singular beauty, even in paralyzed, that for some minutes he was 

t land. The stream, which, a few hun- mcapable of resuming his gun. The na- 

dred feet fh>m the lake, narrowed to a tives had now become so excited as to 

brook, with its green banks fringed with forget all prudence, and the women and 

the graceful bamboo, and the alternate children of the little hamlet had come down 

glory of glade and forest, spreading far and to the shore to share in the general enthu- 

wide, seemed fitted for other purposes than siasm. They crowded to the opening, and 

the fkmiliar haunt of the huge creature that were so unmmdful of their danger, that it 

had appropriated it to himself A few cane was necessary to drive them back with 

huts were situated a short distance from the some violence. Had the monster known 

river, and we procured from them what his own strength, and dared to have used 

men they contained, who were ready to it, he would have gone over that spot with 

assist in freeing themselves from their dan- a force which no human power could have 

gerous neighbour. Having reason to be- withstood, and would have crushed or 

lieve that the alligator was m the river, we carried with him into the lake about the 

commenced operations by sinking nets, whole population of the place, 
upright, across its mouth, three deep, at It is not strange that personal safety was 

intervals of several feet The nets, which forgotten in the excitement of the scene, 

were of great strength, and intended for the The tremendous brute, galled with wounds 

capture of the wild buffalo, were fastened and repeated defeat, tore his way through 

to trees on the banks, making a complete the foaming water, glancing from side to 

fence to the communication with the lake, side, in the vain attempt to avoid his foes, 

My companion and myself placed our* then rapidly ploughing up the stream, he 

selves with our guns on either side of the grounded on the shallows, and turned back 

stream, while the Indians, with long bam- frantic and bewildered at his circ\unscribed. 

boos, felt for the animaL For some time position. At length, maddened with suffer- 

he refused to be disturbed, and we began ing, and desperate from continued perse* 

to fear that he was not within our limits, cution, he rushed furiously to the mouth or 

when a spiral motion of the water, under the stream, burst through two of the nets, 

the spot where I was standing, led me to and I threw down my gun in despair, for it 

direct the natives to it, and the creature looked as though his way at last was clear 

slowly moved on the bottom towards the to the wide lake. But the third net stopped 

nets, which he no sooner touched, than he him, and his teeth and legs had got. entan- 

quietly turned back and proceeded up the gled in all This gave us a chance of 

stream. This movement was several times closer warfare with lances, such as are ■ 

repeated, till, having no rest in the enclo- used against the wild buffalo. We had 

sure, he attempted to climb up the bank, sent for this weapon at the commencement 

On receiving a ball in the body, he uttered of the attack, and found it much more ef- 

a growl like that of an angry dog, and fectual than guns. Entering a canoe, we 

plunging into the water, crossed to the plunged lance after lance into the alligator, 

other side, where he was received with a as he was struggling under the water, till a- 

similar salutation, discharged directly into wood seemed growing firom him, which 



THE KIRftOR* isi 

nov^ violently ab<nre, while hif body was the mouth and at ^ hack of the head, at 

eoncealed below. His endeayours to ex- only the distance of a few feet, and yet the 

tricate hhnself lashed the water into foam, bones had not a single mark to shew that. 

mingled with blood ; and there seemed no they had been touched, 

end to his -vitality, or decrease to his re- 

1^ Z l^ Tt ^K^l MEZZOTINTO ENGRAVING. 

an Indian, with a heayy piece oif wood, The discovery of the art of Engraving in 

hammered into him, as he could catch an Mezzotinto has been the subject of some 

opportunity. My companion on the other controversy and misrepresentation, and has 

Bide, now tried to haul him to the shore, only been recently cleared up. The ac- 

by the nets to wbich he had fastened count commonly given of its discovery is, 

himself, but had not sufficient assistance that Prince Rupert, observing one morning 

with him. As I had more force with a soldier engaged in cleaning firom his 

me, we managed, with the aid of the wo- musket the rust which the night-dew had 

men and chil^eUfto drag his head and part occasioned, and perceiving upon it, as he 

of his body on to the Uttle beach, where thought, some resemblance to a figure, it 

the river joined the lake, and giving him occurred to him whether or not, by cor- 

the ** coup de grace,'' left him to gasp out roding or grounding a plate all over in a 

the remnant <S his life on the sand. I re- manner resembling the rust, he might not 

gret to say, that the measurement of the afterwards scrape away a design upon it, 

length of this animal was imperfect. It from which impressions might be obtained. 

^was night when the struggle ended, and In short, it is said that he tried and suc- 

Gor examination of him was made by torch- ceeded, and thus became the inventor of 

light. I measured the circumference, as Mezzotinto Engraving. This anecdote ob- 

did also my companion, and it was over tained currency from its being related by 

eleven feet immediately behind the fore- Lord Orford, m his celebrated work upon 

1^;8. It was thirteen feet at the belly, the Arts, as well as firom the avidity with 

'Which was distended by the immoderate which origins of the arts are set down as 

zneal made on the horse. As he was only the results Of accident 

partly out of the water, I stood with a line The discovery has likewise been claimed 

at his head, giving the other end to an In- for Sir Christopher Wren ; but his commu- 

^ian, with directions to take it to the extre- nication to the Royal Society on tiie subject 

znity of the taiL The length so measured is of date four years subsequent to the date 

'Was twenty-two feet, but at the time I of the earliest of the mezzotinto plates en- 

doabted the good &ith of my assistant, fh)m graved by Prince Rupert. Still, the pre- 

tlie reluctance he manifested to enter the tensions of the prince are alike invalid ; for 

^water, and the fears he expressed that the he was guilty of an act of meanness in im- 

mate of the alligator might be in the vici- posing upon John Evelyn, and this to the 

xiity. From the diameter of the animal, extent of allowing a man of his high 

mud the representations of those who ex- character to impose, in turn, however un- 

amined him afterwards, we believed the consciously, upon the world, by claiming 

length to have been about thirty feet As for Prince Rupert the honour of an in- 

^e intended to preserve the entire skeleton, vention, to which the prince well knew all 

"With the skin, we were less particular than the while that he had no title. 

^e odlierwise should have been. On open- The real inventor of this art was Louis 

ing him, we found, with other parts of the von Siegen, a lieutenant-colonel in the 

Uorse, three legs entire, torn off at the service of the Landgrave of Hesse Cassel, 

liauoch and shoulder, which he had swal- from whom Prince Rupert learned the 

lowed whole, besides a large quantity of secret when in Holland; and brought it 

stones, some of them of several pounds with him to England, when he came over a 

'Weijgbt second time in the suite of Charles II. 

The night, which had become very dark Some curious and very rare prints, recently 

and stormy, prevented us from bein^ minute purchased on the Continent, and now de- 

in oar investigation ; and leaving directions posited in the British Museum, place the 

to preserve the bones and skin, we took the claim of Von Siegen beyond doubt *In this 

liead with us and returned home. This collection is a portrait of the Princiess 

precaution was induced by the anxiety of Amelia-Elizabeth of Hesse, dated 1643, 

the natives to secure the teeth ; and I aner- which is fifteen years anterior to the earliest. 

'wards found that they attribute to them of Prince Rupert's dates. In the same col- 

nuracnlous powers in the cure or preven- lection is another curious work by Von 

tion of diseases. Siegen, a portrait of the Queen of Bohemia, 

The head weighed near three hundred dated 1643, which places the question 

Vounds ; and so well was it covered with beyond all dispute. There is likewise still 

fledi and musde, that we found balls quite another plate by Von Siegen, which bears 

iUttened, idiidh had been discharged into the most conclusive evidence of its having 



ISt THE MIRROR; 

been prodnocd in iStkd tery influiey of the It stands conipiciioiisly in BsHy Vfnt, fhm 

art; besides which, is the fiict that Yon the earliest periods : it has been consecrated 

Siegen frequently attached the words by the presence of prophets and apostles, 

** primus inventor'* to his works. — Penny and is rendered of ceaseless renown, by 

Cyciopcedia; voce Mezzotinto. having been the site of the miracolous con- 

. ___^ version of one of the most violent of the 

persecutors of Christ and his church, into 

3Btd)lu Criltbittoni^. ^^^ ^^ ^^ ™^^ zealous advocates of the 
Christian faith. Damascus is likewise pro- 
verbial for the beauty of its situation : Jere- 
burfobd's panorama of DAMASCUS. mjjji caiig it i« the city ^f praise, the city of 

WK recommend the sight-seeker first to 7t^e"'^Sis"d^ri^'s^a^L» 
?^^JL}^±^°lf.Vl^'J^^l^ beauty on ke ftee of natur* - « a pearl «* 




2000 feet above the sea, on an immense 

"Where the broad waste's expanded surface yields plaiu, nearly girt with picturesque moun- 

Tofruitful gardens and productive flelds."^^^ t^ins, rearing "its innumerable domes, 

cupolas, and lofty minarets, from the midst 
He will find the effect of the transition ^f highly cultivated gardens, orchards or 
agreeable, and full of pleasant instruction, rather forests of fruit-trees, and thick woods. 
To a sensitive mind, the contemplation of a clothed with luxuriant foliage, kept in per- 
battle-scene affords, by no means, unmixed petual freshness by the waters of the Bar- 
gratification : the episodes of the carnage, ^ada, the ancient Abana, and Parphar ;** 
though true to nature, or rather to mankind, and nearlv realising * the exaggerated 
are sickening; and whatever may be the epithet of "'Ede, or terrestrial paradSse.** 
artistical success of such representations, The Panorama is taken from the southern 
their literal fidelity is sorrowful and sad- suburb, without the walls, and near a very 
dening. A few vears since, we remember extensive cemetery, which is sure to strike 
to have met a friend in Piccadilly, who ^g attention of the spectator. Thence he 
complained grievously of nausea, from commands the whole city, with its stately 
having just inspected Lqeune's collection mosques, massive domes, graceful cupolas, 
of Battie Pictures, (French victories, of ^nd tasteful minarets, mostiy of stone, light 
course,) then exhibiting at the Egyptian yellow brick, or gaily painted ; and finely 
HalL He declared that the rapid succes- contrasted with the rich belt of foliage, 
sion of such scenes of bloody slaughter as throwing a delicious depth of shade over 
were represented in the above paintmgs had ^he whole scene. This contrast, too, is well 
been too much for him : so we recommended ]^ep^ ^p hy the character of the distant 
him one of Mr. Grange's ices to settie his scenery— of mountains bleached with snow, 
qualms. It ought to be added that our desolate rocks, and sandy deserts. The 
friend was one of the founders of a " Peace ^hole view is lit by a brilliant sun, and 
Society," and a bitter hater of War, whoni cloudless sky, and presents an extraordinary 
a feather floating in the air would remmd g^ene of beauty and grandeur. It has, how- 
of a vast army. He was, moreover, a ever, the characteristic stillness and serenity- 
Pythagorean, not havmg tasted animalfood ^f ^n Eastern city. Its antiquarian associa- 
since his boyhood, though the editor of the tions too carry us to the remotest periods. 
Quarterly Review once mischievously as- ^he place is traditionally stated to occupy 
serted that our humane friend was addicted ^he site of tiie Garden of Eden ; and, it can 
to " gravy over his potatoes. We should 1,^ substantiated as one of tiie earliest citiea 
add, that Mr. Burfords picture of Acre ^hat were erected after the Flood. It ifl 
will not quicken the feehn^s as did M. L«- ^^ interesting to learn that " the dress^ 
jeune's collection : there is abundance m general manners, and customs of society, 
the picture besides war, much of the horrors ^^^^^^ ^f thought, and salutations of cour- 
of which are hidden by the smoke of the ^^gy^ j^ Damascus present living memorials 
broadsides, and are like the fleet m the Critic ^f j^^g pj^g^ ^ges, bemg but Uttle altered at 
—"seeing that they are not m sight, they ^he present day, from what they appear, by 
cannot be seen." history, to have been in the most distant 
The Panorama of Damascus nearljr equals periods." 

in interest that Jerusalem exhibited in ^ 

Leicester-square, a few years since; and 

which,from the sacred interest of the subject. Fastidious People. — A fastidious taste is 

attracted thousands of visitors who were like a squeamish appetite : the one has its 

not profane enough to enjoy ordinary sights, origin in some disease of the mind, as the 

Damascus is one of the most ancient, as other has in some ulment of the stomach. — 

well as one of the finest, of the cities of Syria. The Doctor, 



THE MIRROB. 198 

j|*fU ^i%t%ttd closed oo the hrif^ day — ob, wbst a 

3»fm »II0B9. mockery is there in the smile of the happy 

Night and Morning. By the Author of ««m when it shmes on the ^tched I 

Rieitii Emmrui Aram, ftc ^ ^^^ ^f ^ World,— IbR heart was a 

ntenziy £iugene Aram, ^c. ,. , , . ^ , 



dial to which the world was the sun : when 



[Rather than, at this hour, attempt to un- the great eye of the public fell on it, it 

ravel the " mingled yam" of this £a£cinating answered every purpose that a . heart Jcould 

novel, we shall detach a few of its quips of answer ; but when that eye was invisible, 

world-knowledge, its "wise saws and modem the dial was mute — a piece of brass and 

instances," a species of writing in which Sir nothing more. 

Edward Lytton Bulwer is one of the most ** Sufficient for the Day, jfc." — Alas ! how 

fiuccessfiil authors of his time. It may be all of us, when happy, sleep secure in die 

observed that many of these passages are dark shadows which ought to warn us of 

common truths set off by euphemism, and the sorrows that are to come, 

antitheses to set off the narrative, like pop- A Practical Man,'" A man who believed 

pies in a field of com. Be this as it may, that law was always right, and that the im- 

such passages in Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer's probable was never trae. 

-works have ever been one of their main Fondness. — There may be a great deal of 

attractions ; and they exhibit the exhaustless fondness with very little feeling, 

-vivacity of this proline writer with excellent Sporting. — Somehow or other, men who 

effect. With this explanation we proceed live much with horses are always more lax 

tM our agreeable labour.] in their notions than the rest of mankind. 

Equcdity. — The only friendships that are Supper — That mighty and social meal 

really with us in the hour of need, are those which custom has banished from the more 

"^¥hich are cemented by equality of circum- indolent tribes, who neither toil nor spin. 

stance. In the depth oi home, in the hour of Middle Life. — Placed between the two 

tribulation, by the bed of death, the rich extremes of life, the tradesman who ven- 

and the poor are seldom found side by side, tures not beyond his means, and sees clear 

Spoiled ChUdren. — Both the boys had books and sure gains, with enough of occn- 

about them the air of those whom Fate pation to give healthful excitement, enough 

iishers blandly into life — ^the air of wealth, of fortune to greet each new-bom child 

and birth, and luxury, spoiled and pampered without a sigh, might be envied alike by 

as if earth had no thorn ^for their feet, and those above and those below his state — if 

Heaven not a wind to visit their young the restless heart of man ever envied con- 

oheeks too roughly. tent I 

Physiognomy. — There was something of ^'^ London Season. — It was that period 

pride in the forehead ; but of goodnature, of the year when, to those who look on the 

Tkot unmixed with irresolution and weakness, surface of society, London wears its most 

ixi the curves of the mouth. radiant smile ; when shops are gayest, and 

Early Cruelty. — There is a wanton reck- trade most brisk ; when down the thorough- 

lessness which belong to a wild boy accus- ^^^^ roll and glitter the countless streams of 

-^omed to gratify the impulse oT the moment iiidolent and voluptuous life ; when the 

*— the recklessness which is not cruelty in «pper class spend, and the middle class 

Jhe boy, but which prosperity may pamper make ; when the ball-room is the Market 

into cruelty in the man. of Beauty, and the club-house the School 

Life ana Death. — The funeral was over ; ^or Scandal ; when the hells yawn for their 

the dead shovelled away. What a strange prey» and opera-singers and fiddlers — crea- 

t:hing it does seem, that the very form which tures hatched from gold, as the dung-flies 

"V^e prized so charily, for which we piayed ^^m the dung — swarm, and buzz, and fatten, 

tiie winds to be gentle, which we lapped round the hide of the gentle Public. In Uie 

^from the cold in our arms, from whose foot- cant phrase, it was " tiie London Season." 

«tep we would have removed a stone, should -A.nd happy, take it altogether, happy above 

"be suddenly thrust out of sight — an abomi- the rest of the year, even for the hapless, is 

Elation that the earth must not look upon — that period of ferment and fever. It is not 

« despicable loathsomeness, to be concealed the season for duns, and the debitor glides 

and to be forgotten. And this same com- about with a less anxious eye ; and, the 

position of bone and muscle that was yester- weather is warm, and the vagrant sleeps, 

day so strong — which men respected and unfrozen, under the starlit portico ; and the 

women loved, and children clung to — to-day heggar thrives, and the thief rejoices, — for 

so lamentably powerless, unable to defend the rankness of the civilization has super- 

or protect those Who lay nearest to its heart; fluities clutched by all. And out of the 

its riches wrested from it, its wishes spat general cormption, things sordid and things 

upon, its influence expiring with its last miserable crawl forth to bask in the com- 

sigh ! A breath from its lips making all ™on sunshine — things that perish when the 

that mighty difference between what it was first autumn winds whistle along the 

and what it is I The shutters were half melancholy city. It is the gay time for 



IM THE MIRROR. 

the heir tnd iha tleaaty, and the statesman shudders in the solitude dt nig^ For 

and the hiwyer, and the mother with her Hope and Fortone the daystar is erer 

young daughters, and the artist with his shining. The *' Anmuth-Strahlendes" lire 

fresh pictures, and the ]^t with his new ever in the Air. For Care and Penury, 

hook. It is the gay time, too, for the Night changes not with the tickine of tbe 

starved journeyman, and the ragged out- clock, or the shadow on the diaL Morning 

cast that with long strides and patient eje^ for the heir. Night for the houseless, and 

follows for pence the equestrian, who bids God's eye on both I 

him go and be hanged in yain. * * It is Honumce and Reaiity, — ^Poverty by itself 

gay, in fine, as the fulness of a vast city is is no such great curse ; that is, if it stops 

ever gay — for Vice as for Innocence, for short of starving. And passion by itself is 

Poverty as for Wealth. ^ a noble thing ; but poverty and passion top 

Crabbed Temper, — He disliked youth ; in them — poverty and feeling — ^poverty and 

his own youth he had enjoyed so much, pride — ^the poverty, not of birth, but re- 

that he grew sour when he saw the young, verses ; and the man who ousts you out of 

•* Money," — On one side of our pieces of your easy chair, kicking you with every 

gold, we see the saint trampling down the turn he takes, as he settles himself more 

dragon — false emblem ! Reverse it on the comfortably — ^why there's no romance in 

coin I In the real use of the gold, it is the that — ^hard every-day life I 
dragon who tramples down the saint. A Suspicious Character, — His eye was 

Charity, — Ask the beggar whom he gets less idle than his lips ; it was not a bright 
the most pence from — ^the fine lady in her eye, on the contrary, it was dull, and to the 
carriage — ^the beau smelling of Ban de unobservant, lifeless, of a pale blue, with a 
Cologne t Pish ! the people nearest to dim film over it — ^the eye of a vulture ; but 
being beggars themselves, keep the beggar it had in it a calm, heavy, stealthy watch- 
alive, fulness, which inspired great distrust and 

Roving,— Who in his boyhood has not aversion. He not only spoke French like a 
felt the delight of freedom and adventure ? native, but all his habits, his gestures, his 
to have the world of woods and sward tricks of manner, were French ; not the 
before him — ^to escape restriction — ^to lean, French of good society, but more idiomatic, 
for the first time, on his own resources — ^to as it were, and popular. He was not ex- 
rejoice in the wild but manly luxury of in- actly a vulgar person, too silent for that, 
dependence — to act the Crusoe — and to but he was evidently of low extraction and 
fancy a Friday in every footprint — an island coarse breeding ; his accomplishments were 
of his own in every field ! of a mechanical nature; he was an extra- 

Earliest Friendship, — There is a certain ordinary arithmetician, he was aver^ skilful 

age, before the love for the sex commences, chemist, and kept a laboratory at his lodg- 

when the feeling of friendship is almost a ings ; he mended his own clothes and linen 

passion. You see it constantly in girls with incomparable neatness. He was sus- 

and boys at school It is the first vague pected of blacking his own shoes, but that 

craving of the heart after the master food was prejudice. His footstep was glidings 

of human life — Love. It has its jealousies, noiseless, and cat-like ; he had no sociality' 

and humours, and caprices, like love itself, in him — enjoyed nothing — drank hard — 

Roman Road, — The great broad thorough- but was never drunk, 
fare, along which, since the day when the Bad Companion, — That bizarre mixture 

Roman carved it from the waste. Misery of knavery and feeling, drollery and sen* 

hath plodded, and Luxury rolled, their timent, which made the dangerous charm, 

common way. ^ ^ ^ of his society. 

Grief, — Children have quick insight into Paris is the atmosphere for adventurers 

the reiJity of grief in those not far removed — new fEu^es and new men are so common, 

ftom their own years. here that they excite no impertinent in- 

Night and Morning. — O dark mystery of quiry, it is so usual to see fortunes made in. 
the Moral World ! unlike the order of the a day, and spent in a month ; except in. 
External Universe, glide together, side by certain circles, there is no walking round a. 
side, the shadowy steeds of Night and man's character to spy out where it wants 
Morning. Examine life in its own world ; piecing. Some lean Greek poet put lead in. 
confound not that world, the inner one, the his pockets, to prevent being blown away ^ 
practical one, with the more visible, j^et — put gold in your pockets, and at Paris 
airier and less substantial system, doing you may defy the sharpest wind in the 
homage to the sun, to whose throne, afar in world, — ^yea even ^e breath of that Mo\a& 
the infinite space, the human heart has no — Scandal ! Certain coteries exist in all 
wings to flee. In life, the mind and the capitals, but mostly in France, where plea- 
circumstances give the true seasons, and re- sure is the cement that joins many dis- 
.gulate the darkness and the light. Of two cordant atoms. 

men standing on the same foot of earth. The Good-for-nothing, — I have never 

the one revels in the joyous noon, the other been a murderer, or a burglar, or a highway 



THE MIRROIt 125 

', or what the kiw calls a thief. I of chikUiood,aod are fbU of graoefhl nature; 

ived upon my wits, and they have and the gratolatorj compositions soar fhr 

i tolerable capital, on the whole. I above the arerage of such complimentary 

been an actor, a money-lender, a measures. The following prav'ei; is from 

ian, a professor of animal magnetism, some stanzas addressed to her Royal High- 

ras lucratiye till it went out of fashion, ness the Duchess of Kent, on her BirthcUiy, 

m it will come in again ;) I have been August 17, 1834 :] 
«, a honse-agent, a dealer in curi- „ ^ ^^ ^„, ^ „,,^ ^ U^ 

and cnina ; l nave kept a notel ; i Lady, I breathe a blessiiig and a prayer : 
let up a weekly newspaper ; I have Long be fhy precious days vouchsafed to see 

most every city in Europe, and made Jh® ^*^ V^^ ^J^J maternal aure. 
.^^^^^ ,-;^ «^lL^ ^i? :♦» «-;^i- v„* - Few *>• ^Y trials, and tny path to cheer 

irtance with some of its gaols : but a Be many a ray of gradouJ iercy given , 

rho has plenty of brains generally And earth, more happy each revolving year, 

1 his legs. Be the bright earnest of a brighter heaven 1" 

[In a more lively vein, though yet tinged 

^ the Lady Flora Hastings, Edited wim the sufferings of sensibility, are the 

by her Sister. following lines from Fragments of- a Tra- 

Prefece, full of modest feeling and g^^' ^^^^^ Fiesco:] 

e diffidence, we are told that the " My peeriess Genoa ! my Ocean Queen ! 

mthoress of these Poems, shrinking l5»l<? ™J earliest and my fondest lov6 ! 

^e notoriety attendant on being a ^'i^^^'^J^i'^^iC^ 

led poetess, had long resisted the To tread again thy sou, to hail thy sides, 

ttion of her friends to publish the To feel that thy material arms enfold me! 

I. of the present Tolnme. WjFlora JSSd*^{h'fi^'<r^y%K.%°^' 

Stnen to nave partly resolved upon Return with me— that welling sintog of gladness 

ling, '*with the view of dedicating Which watered all the arid scenes of life, 

rer profits might be derived from And made the desert bloom a paradise— 

u ^ *u^ !>«««»« ♦«. ♦!,« «»««:».> ^4f Most fragrant incense which, unseen, and known 

Le of the Poems, to the service of But by toe bliss it scattered, gave the breeze 

n the parish where her mother s a fresher odour, and dispensed around 

have long resided." Under this A charm to the whole atmosphere. Alast 

influence, however, Lady Flora ?5eJi&'S^"'r^S?^J^"" .. 

jved to have died without ever finally Has pass'd away, and even iny loved Genoa 

ig. Her sister touchingly adds*. Is but the phantom of her former self. 

lever gave me any reason to think tJS^l^^^^^T^?^il^^Kx. 

— i. J J. xsT ici *!. • * *• still in her port proudly the galleys thronr, 

m expected me to fulfil the intention. Their white sails gleaming in the sunnyray, 

the merciful wisdom of the Omni- And their broad pennants dandng on the breexe;. 

decreed she should not live to carry S**^ ^*^ ^^^ ^^® ^"^v® ^^ befoi-e the wind, 

feet hprself • hnt as a few davs hpfnrp ^^ ™*™*® *®®^ °^ butterfly-winged boats j 

reel nerseii , out as, a lew oays oeiore g^m j^^ ^^ palaces as fair, or fairer 

lih, she confided to my sole care the Than when I view'd them last; and on the hO^s 

of her papers — (a trust which a Her dazzling villas, with their terraced gardens. 

«idnm, subsequently found, more ?^» SCtS';rr'b^^*bSSS?.S& . 

.jr imposes on me) — 1 was thus left the The roses bloom as brighUy, and the gale, 

tionable power of acting according Love- sick, bears on its mingling store of riches,— 

sense of duty. And when I recal ^^^^ ^™ flowers, that sigh themselves away, 

k .v^o..^^^ «.i;:i» T ^«« :« ^^*^^a^^^^ Melthig in sweetness— voices that, afar, 

t occurred while I was m attendance or join the busy haunt of social men, 

death-bed, there is that which makes Or pour the chanted prayer and swelling hymn. 

I myself solemnly bound in the sight The distant tolUng of the convent bell, 

1 to fulfil her wish, and to lay the '^^'^^J^^^^ ^^^^IS^^^Z 

jf , x* 1 x_i X xT- ix All to my heart speak of my early days. 

Z ot ner poetical talents on tne altar The Alps as loftily thefar crested heads 

Maker, as she would perhaps herself Raise in the (Ustance, as when I last view*d them» 

lone. It is under the mfluence of TS°."?l! "^^ * ^^^ ^f" ^ intwyened j- 

eling that I now send forth to the All is the same : I only-I am changed." 

this volume— the profits of which [-The following lines, from a Vision of the 

J applied to aid m the erection of a ^ ^^^^ ^^^^ hriUiant hnagery :] 
orschoolm the parish of Loudoun, as -o j j 

ience of her gratitude to Almighty " The bright-hair*d maidens, in a flower-Unk'd 

and her goodwill to her fellow- The ^SV""daughters of that blissful land,- 

res. Hymning the golden day, a beauteous choir. 

Poems are upwards of seventy in in measured cadence seek the fount of fire. 

r, and present many varieties of ver- ^^^tdi'S^^ Sifts^SliSr"'' "^"^ 

on : among them are several sonnets And through the fields of aether bear afar 

hingbeauty, some fragmentary pieees. The dew of light, and brighten every star ; 

cably spirited and firraphic, and manv ^^ srem the flowers, whose stainless colours glow 

eflfiMionR of PTnnifiitP RwPPtnPRs A With lustre all unknown in worids below, 

OTUSions ot exquisite sweetness. A ^nd teach the unfaded violets to shine 

the pieces relate the simple incidents like the pure sapphires of the Indian mine." 



J 



1S6 



THE MIRROR. 



We conclode, Ibr the preeent, with the 
following Song : 

« The wine shines bright 

In the cap to-night 

For hearts undinun'd by sonow j 

But who can tell 

If this cup shall swell 

For hearts as blithe to-morrow ? 
Twine, twine we then the fading rose. 
The flow*r that but to perish blows j 
Ckrald poet*s lay avert thy doom, 
Thine were, O rose, immortal bloom ! 



8IB ASTLET P. COOPER, BART. 

DiSD, <m the I2th inst., in Conduit-street, in his 
73rd year. Sir Attley Peuton Cooper, Bart., G.C.H., 
D.C.L., ^.R.S., Se^eant Surgeon to the Queen. 
Sir Astley Cooper was the fourth 8<m of Dr. Samuel 
Cooper, Rector of Great Yarmouth, Norfolk ; and 
was bom at Brooke, in the same county, August 
23rd, 1768. His mother, Maria Susanna, sprung 
from the ancient family of the Pastons, but was 
the daughter of James Bransby, Esq., of Shottis- 
ham, Norfolk, and was the authoress of a novel 
entitled The Exemplary Mother. In boyhood. Sir 
Astley is stated to have shewn a bold and enter- 
prising spirit, conjoined with a social disposition, 
and remarkable decision of character for so early 
an age : so truly 

" The childhood shews the man. 
As morning shews the day." — Milton. 

He received the common rudiments of his educa- 
tion from the village schoolmaster, Robert Larke ; 
but his classical knowledge was derived from the 
instruction of his father, a good scholar, and the 
Rev. Jdiseph Harrison. At the age of fifteen. Sir 
Astiey was placed with Mr. Turner, a surg^n and 
apothecary at Yarmouth, and was thus introduced 
to that profession of which he eventually became 
(he brightest ornament. He, however, remained 
at Yarmouth but a few months, when he came to 
London, and was apprenticed to his uncle, Mr. 
William Cooper, one of the surgeons oi Guy*s 
Hospital; but with him he only remained three 
months, being then transferred, by his own desire, 
to Mr. Clive, the eminent surgeon of St. Thomas's 
Hospital. Sir Astiey*s labours in the dissecting, 
room were incessant— his attendance at the hos- 
pital—his examination of accidents not less con- 
stant ; and by this early zeal, united to his sound 
anatomical information, may be attributed the 
superiority he justiy acquired in forming a dia- 
gnosis upon the nature of accidents or disease. In 
after life too. Sir Astiey was wont to refer to this 
activity as an example of the habits of industry 
which he sought to impress upon thousands of 
pupils. 

In 1787, Sir Astiey visited Edinburgh for a short 
time, and though then scarcely of age, he honour- 
ably distinguished himself at the Royal Medical 
Sodety. Upon his return to London, his master, 
Mr. Clive, appointed him demonstrator of anatomy, 
and soon after gave to him a part of the anatomical 
lectures. Sir Astiey also, with the consent of Mr. 
Clive and the other surgeons of St. Thomas's and 
C^uy's Hospitals, gave a course of lectures on the 
principles and prsictice of surgery, which had pre- 
viously only formed part of the anatomical course ; 
and these lectures were really the foundation of 
his fame and fortune. It is true that this origi- 
nality did not at first promise well, for his dauss 
consbted but of 50 students, though they event- 
ually increased to 400, which was by far the largest 
number ever known in London. Ctf these lectures 
he gave a share to Mr. Travers, Mr. Henry dive, 
and Mr. Joseph H. Green, consecutively. A littie 
practice soon rendered him a popular teacher. He 
made no attempts at oratory ; but was plain and 
practical in his details, and very succes^ul in his 



fllustratkms; und he careAiDy sroided the inCRK 

ducticai of controversial sulijectB connected wttk 
ph3rsi(doglcal science. At the explratiaa of his ap- 
prentice^p, in 1791, Sir Astiey conunenced as a 
lecturer. At the close of this year he married tlw 
daughter of Thomas Cock, Esq., of Tottenham, a 
distant relation of Mr. dive ; and, to shew how 
solidtous he was never to neglect the performanoe 
of any public professional duty, it may be tcdd, 
that on tiie evening of has wedding-day he deli- 
vered his customary lecture, without any know- 
ledge of his marriage having been communicated 
toUsdass. 

In the year 1792, Star Astiey visited Paris, and 
made himself master of the theory and practioe of 
French surgery. He used to relate that on Aa- 
gnst 10, whilst attending an operation, the fire of 
cannon announced the attack of tiie revolntionary 
mob upon the Tuileries, when he inunediately ran 
upon the Pont Neuf, whence he could see the Swiss 
guards firing from the palace windows upon the 
people below. To reach home, he had to pass 
through the streets near the Palais Royal, amidst 
the roar of cannon, the firing of muskets, women 
bewailing the loss of their relatives, and crowds of 
men can^^gT upon pikes the heads or limbs of their 
victims. He several times heard Brissot, Marat, 
and Robespierre address the legislative assembly, 
and was once at the Jacobin dub. In later days, 
Sir Astley frequentiy visited Paris, and became ac- 
quainted with Dupuytren, the celebrated surgeon,- 
by whom he was introduced to Louis Philippe, then 
Duke of Orleans, who subsequentiy gave Sir 
Astiey the Cross of the Legion of Honour. He was 
soon afterwards made an honorary member of the 
National Institute. 

Upon his return to London, in 1792. Sir Astley 
commenced practice in Jefbey-square, St. Mary 
Axe, where he lived six years ; thence he removed, 
to New Broad- street, where he remained untiLa 
1815; when, from the great extension of his prac— 
tice among the circles of the aristooiacy, he re- 
moved to Spring-gardens, and subsequentiy toe 
Conduit-street. SirAstiey's practice was nowafl 
its zenith ; and his annual receipt of fees far ex- 
ceeded tiiat of any other member of the profession 
In one year, the last of his residence in Broad- 
street, he recdved no less than 21,000/. For mana 
years after, his annual recdpt was 15,000/. anes 
upwards; his patients comprised all classes om 
sodety, and his attention was equally bestowed om 
the wealthy and the indigent. 

In 1821, Sir Astiey was created a Baronet. H« 
continued to lecture at St. Thomas's Hospitaa 
until 1826, the period of his lectureship havinfl 
thus extended to thirty-five years. He was electee 
President of the Royal College of Surgeons for th 
years 1836 and 1837. He also delivered a coors— 
of Lectures on Comparative Anatomy, at the Col- 
lege, of which he was likewise a member of th- 
coundl and board of examiners. 

In 1827, Sir Astiey was appointed seijeant= 
surgeon, which office he held at the time of hL- 
death. He was also surgeon to George IV. ; h 
attended William IV., when he was first Lord c: 
tiie Admiralty ; and the Earl of Munster, when h- 
had a severe compound fracture of his leg. At th 
request of the Duke of Wellington, Sir Astiey wa« 
made Grand Cross of the Gudphic Order. Th 
University of Oxford conferred upon him the degre- 
of Doctor of dvil Law; and numerous fore^fl 
academies eag^ly enrolled his name among theL- 
members. He was likewise a Fellow of tlie Rojraa 
Sodety, and of many sdentific institutions in thitf 
country. 

This accumulation of honours and fortune die 
not, however, induce Sir A. Cooper to relax in hi* 
practice, or in anatomical physiological inquiries ^ 
the results of which, to the astonishment of all ac^ 
quainted with Ms daily labours, he has published 
upon a magnificent scale, but at a low price. The 
production of these works must have been verj^ 
costty, for they abound with coloured engravings.. 
But Sir Astiey had a higher motive than pecuniar]^ 
advantage In the publicaticm d these works^ 



THE MIRROR. 



127 



I 



Miiiriy, tliB inltigatloii of tiis suftarlugs d his fel- 
low-areatares. In his admirable manly style, he 
said: " Altar having been for forty years placed in 
a situation of ample opportonity— after having been 
fostered by the profession and the public infinitely 
heycaad my deserts^I feel that I only perform my 
doty in ^ving to my medical brethren, withoat 
any scnrdid views, the results of my experience.** 
In a popular Miscellany, a list of these works will 
scarc^y be looked for. An excellent precis of 
these invaluable labours, extending to twenty-nine 
v^umes, or important contributions, will be found 
in a Memoir of Sir Astiey Cooper, in the Medical 
Par trait Oallerp,* Parts V. and VI. ; whence the 
preceding detaUs have been chiefly derived. Sir 
Astley's first compositions appear to have been two 
contributions to a volume al Medical Researchett 
published in 1798; his last published work, we 
brieve to be the Second Part of Illiutrations of the 
Disetuea of the Breast ^ the first portion of whidi 
appeared in a handsome quarto volume, in 1829. 
Sir Asttey Cooper, when most engaged in lectures 
and the practice of his profession, uniformly made 
it a rule to enter in his case-book all the interesting 
<H)erations and cases which he witnessed} and 
these books have been regularly preserved from 
1800, with occasionally some prior to that period, 
as fax back as 1784. 

For some few years past. Sir Astiey Cooper had 
1)een anxious to rdinquish a portion of his practice ; 
but so eminent a practitioner could but ill be 
spared either by the public or the profession ; and, 
l)y all ranks of society, his loss will be dcci)ly 
lamented. Such retirement as Sir Astiey could 
«njoy, he usually passed at a beautiful seat in Uie 
TaUey of the Gade, near Hemcl- Hempstead, in 
Hertfordshire, at a short distance from the London 
and Birmingham Railway. Sir Astiey had pos- 
sessed this property for many years, and was other- 
'Wise a considerable landowner in the ndghbour- 
liood : here, as in public life, he was unsparing of 
Us time and talents, for he was accessible by his 
neediest neighbour; and we believe tiiat, for a 
Icmg period, he was equally liberal to the poor of 
-tiie metropolis. We have heard many tndts of 
audi benevolence related of Sir Astiey at Hemel- 
Hempstead, upwards of five and twenty years 
since; and from our schooldom there, well do 
we remember the fine intellectual features of this 
excellent man, then in the prime of life, which the 
pencil of Lawrence has so happily transferred to 
canvas.t Sir Astiey was much attached to farm- 
ing pursuits ; and, at the period we have just re- 
ferred to, he indicated, personally, none of the 
cares of professional study ; but was, on the con- 
trary, the beau ideal of a country gentteman. 

Sir Astiey Cooper*s last illness was but of short 
duration. His fine athletic figure, and his known 
temperate and careful habits, probably, led his 
friends to regard him but as in green old age. 
It appears that on Jan. 24, of the present year, 
from having taken a walk without any more than 
the ordinary precaution against the inclemency of 
the weather. Sir Astiey was seized with difiiculty 
of breathing, and pains about the chest. Dr. Bright 
and Mr. Bransby Cooper were in immediate atten- 
dance; but, notwithstanding the remedies admi- 
nistered, the disease continued to make further 
progress. On the Sunday following, Dr. Chambers 
was associated with the other medical attendants, 
and the report of the following day was much more 
favourable. This change was, however, but of 
short duration, and Sir Astiey grew worse, imtil on 
Friday, the I2th inst., when, somewhat suddenly 
towards the termination, he sank. 

By his marriage with Miss Cock, Sir A. Cooper 
had only one daughter, who died at the early age 
of two years. Lady Cooper died in June, 1827; 
and in July, 1828, Sir Astiey again entered the 
married state with Catherine, daughter of John 

* By T.E. Pettigrew, F.R.S., &c. Fisher and Co. 

t Engraved in Mr. Pettigrew*s Medical Portrait 
QtUery. This is, perhi^, one of Lawrence's most 
inteOectiial partraitB. 



Jones, Esq., of Deny Onnond, Ovdlcwdrire } Iqr 
whom he had no issue. The Baronetcy, however, 
having been conferred, with remaindo-, in default 
ofmale issue, toAstieyPaston, the fourth son of his 
second brother, the late Rev. S. L. Cooper, the titie 
descends to tiiat gentieman. Sir Astiey is stated 
to have died worth upwards of half a million of 
money. His museum is, perhaps, the most valu- 
able private collection in Europe, and contains 
almost all the specimens which have famished the 
magnificent iUustrations of his published works. 
Of Sir Astiey Cooper's professional life are related 
many interesting anecdotes, which alike bespeak 
his admirable nature and consummate skill ; and, 
in all the relations of life, he is known to havfe 
presented a rare combination of the excellences of 
head and heart. 



C]^e dati^erer. 



Diffusion of Knowledge. — It does not require 
many words to determine that, taking human na- 
ture as it is actually fowid, and assimiing that 
there is an art of life, to say that it consists, or in 
any essential manner is placed, in the cultivation 
of knowledge — that the mhid is changed by a disco- 
very, or saved by a diversion, or amused into im- 
mortality—that grief, anger, cowardice, self-con- 
ceit, pride, or passion, can be subdued by an exa- 
mination of sheUs or grasses, or inhaling of gases, 
or a chipping of rocks, or observing the barometer, 
or calculating the longitude, is the veriest pretence 
which sophist or mountebsuik ever professed to a 
gluing auditory. If virtue be a mastery over the 
mind, if its end be action, if its perfection be inward 
order, harmony, and peace, we must seek it in 
graver and holier places than libraries and reading 
rooms.— 6'orrc«p. Times. (This is severe truth.) 

Architecture.— We are happy to state that Mr. 
Philip Hardwick, the architect of Goldsmiths* HaU, 
the Euston terminus of the London and Birming. 
ham Railway, &c., has been elected a Royal Acade- 
mician. 

Neiv Ordnance Survey.— A Bill will shortiy be 
introduced into Parliament for executing a new 
Ordnance Survey of England and Scotiand, analo- 
gous to the Irish Ordnance Survey, which has been 
found exceedingly advantageous. The English 
Ordnance Survey was conunenced in 1791, upon 
the scale of one inch to a mile ; the Irish survey 
has six inches to the mile. The present English 
Survey is valuable in a military point of view; 
but, as a great national work, with reference 
to new lines of railways, roads, and canals, it is of 
littie utility. By the way, now that these Ordnance 
Maps are getting *' out of date," the price to the 
public has been reduced! 

Sir Astiey Cooper's Success in practice, it is sup- 
posed, consisted chiefiy in his knowing how and 
when to operate ; yet, on an important occasion, 
his courage had nearly forsaken him. George IV. 
having a small tumour in the scalp, after much 
consultation, an operation for its removal was 
resolved upon, and Sir Astiey Cooper was selected 
to perform it. On the day appointed. Sir Astiey 
waited upon his Majestv. Lord Liverpool and 
several of the Cabinet Ministers occupied a room 
acUoining that in which the King was. A short 
period before the operation was commenced, Sfar 
Astiey was noticed to be pale and nervous. Lord 
Liverpool observing his anxiety, and knowing how 
important it was that the operation should be per- 
formed with celerity and skill, approached Sir 
Astiey, and taking hold of his hand, said, ** You 
ought to recollect that this operation either makes 
or ruins you. Courage, Shr Astiey.** The timely 
rebuke of Lord Liverpool had the eflfectof recalling 
to Cooper*s mind the responsible situation in which 
he was placed, and almost instantiy every appear, 
ance of anxiety vanished from Us countenance, 
and he performed the operation with his usual 
skiU. 



Its 



THE MIRROR. 



Origin of a weU-knoum-^jfiUah.'^ljx 1774, John 
tlpflon, of woodbridge, in Suflbli, glover, who was 
committed to the ca^e for felony a few days before, 
bang^ed himself ia his own room with his garter. 
The following verses were written in a prayer-book 
lying by him : — 

** Farewel, vain wtuid, I've had enough of thee. 
And now am careless what thou say'st of me. 
Thy smiles I court not, nor thy frowns I fear. 
My cares are past, my heart lies easy here. 
What faults they find in me take care to shun. 
And look at home, enough is to be done. 

Poor John the Glover, June 26, 1774.** 

JtfrMsa/«m.— The Kngiish have commenced build- 
ing a Protestant church in this dty. 

Shjfrea of England, 
** Essex ftd of good hoswyfes, 

Middlesex full of stryves, 

Kentshire hot as fyre, 
• Sowseks ful of dyrte and myre.** 

Trencher».—1a. the year 1463, two dozen wood 
trenchers could not be procured in so large and 
commercial a town as Norwich } for we And Mar- 
garet Paston writhig to London for them. 

The only Fee.— Of the clergy. Dr. Mead was 
never known, but hi one instance, to take a fee. 
This was of a Mr. Robert Leake, who vexed the 
Doctor with his importunities to follow the r^:imen 
of Dr. Cheyne. Mead required of him ten guiaeas, 
but afterwards returned him six. — Pettigrew, 

The Two Friend*,— In 1723, Dr. Frehid was con. 
fined in theToweron suspicion t>f being concemedin 
a idot for the restoration of the Stuarts. Dr. Mead 
was incessttot fai his endeavours to obtain Freind*s 
liberation, but could only with great difficulty gain 
access to him. At length, being called to attend 
Sir Robert Walpole, he absolutely refused to pre- 
scribe for him unless Freind was released, and he 
succeeded in obtaining his liberation. A large 
party was assembled at Mead*s in the evening, to 
congratulate Fteind ; and upon his retiring with 
Arbuthnot, Mead took FTeind into his closet, and 
there put faito his hands a bag containing all the 
fees he had received from Freind*s patients, during 
his confinement, amounting to no less than 6000 
guineas.— Pe^^igreit;. 

aVk« Counterpane of Queen Charlotte** State- 
Bed, which was composed entirely of lace, of ines. 
timable workmanship, is stated to have cost 378O/. 

Price of Fish.— On Thursday, the llth instant, 
the price of a fine cod-fish, at a west-end fishmon- 
ger's, was 30«. I 



Omrge the FaKrih,-JTht lite XbI ofDwIk^ 
observed of George IV. :->His mamierB, no dodbt, 
are, when he ideases, very gracefiil and captivat- 
ing. Nomanknowsiietterhowtoadd to an ob. 
ligation by the way of confienring it. But, on the 
whole, he wants dignity, not only in the seclusloii 
and feaniliarity of his more private life, but on 
public occasions. The secret of popularity in very 
high stations seems to conrist in a somewhat re- 
served and lofty, but courteous and uniform, be. 
haviour. Henry IV. is a dangerous example for 
sovereigns that are not, like him, splendid cheva- 
liers and consummate captains. Louis XIV., who 
was never seen but in a AiU-bottomed wig, even \rf 
Us valet-de-chambre, is a mudi safer model.** 

A Retemblance.—** Colonel W. is a fine-looking 
man, ain*t he,** said a friend of ours the other day. 
"Yes,** replied another, "I Was taken for him 
once.** " You 1 why you're as uglv as sin !** "I 
d<m*t care for that ; I was taken for him— I en. 
dorsed his note, and was taken for him — by tlie 
sheriff.**— American Paper. 

Richardsori'e Novels.— It is rdated that ttie 
grandson of Richardson would not suffer his 
grandfather's works within his house, because be 
looked on novels as improper reading } though no 
man, except Shakspeare, has entered more deeply 
into the workings of human nature, or contributed 
more largely to the spread of the fame oi EnifiA 
literature over the face of Europe ; while be was 
also lauded by Dr. Johnson, Haxmah More, and 
other' eminent persons, as the most moral and 
chaste writer of any age. 

The Paston Family, Whence the late Sir Aitiey 
Paston Cooper was descended, on the maternal 
side, lived in Norfolk in the reigns oi Henry VI., 
Edward IV., Richard III., and Henry VII. They 
left, for the gratification of posterity, the cel^)rated 
correspondence known as the Paston LetterSfVibkik 
present us with one of the earliest pictures of do- 
mestic life in England. 

Emigration.— It appears that emigrants may be 
conveyed from this country to Quebec at the cost 
of about 3/. a head, taking them by. families. . 

Loiufon.— Some one observing; in September, tD 
the old Duke of Queensbury, that London was very 
empty—'* Yes,** replied his grace, ** but it is-fiUler 
than the country.** 

Metropolitan Improvements.— At length, there 
seems to be a prospect of the removal of the un- 
s^htty stack of houses at the west end of Cheap- 
side, between the Post Office and St. Panl*s Ca- 
thedral. 



ADDRESS. 

The Property of " The I^Iirbor*' haying " changed hands," the new Proprietor takes 
this early opportunity of assuring the Reader that no industry shall he spared to maintain 
this Miscellany in its high position in popular estimation. 

With this view, as well as with the ohject of carrying out such Improvements as the 
advancing taste and intelligence of the times suggest, the Proprietor has confided 
the Literary Department of the Work to Mr. John Times, favourably known to the 
public as " Eleven Years (1827—1838) Editor of * The Mirror,*" and late Editor of 
** The Literary World ;" and, whose best energies will be directed to his renewed 
undertaking. 

Meanwhile, the Illustratiye Department has been entrusted to Artists of acknowledged 
ability^ so as to combine accuracy of detail with high pictorial merit, and thus materially 
improve the character of the Embellishments. And, by these and other exertions, the 
Proprietor trusts that ** The Mirror" may be placed in advantageous comparison with 
other works of its class; whilst the gratification of- the Reader is secured, and the 
expectations of all concerned in its management are realized. 

*«* It is particularly requested that, in future, all communications for the Editor, Books &c. Ibr 
review, be addressed to the office of the Publisher, No. 1, St. Martin's Place, Trafalgar Square. 
Feb 17, 1841. 



London: Published bv HUGH CUNNINGHAM, I, St. Martinis Place, Trafalgar Square; and sold b^ 
all Booksellers and Newsmen.— Jn Paris, bp all the Booksellers.— In FaANcroRT, by Charles Jugel. 

T. C. Savill, Printer, 107, St. Martin's Lane. 



Cii* ^itvtv 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 



No. 1048.1 SATURDAY, FEBRUARY S7, IS4I. [PnicB arf. 




L 



ISO 



THE MIRROR. 



THE ORNITHOLOGICAL SOCIETY'S 
COTTAGE, 

ST. JABIES'S PARK. 

The Omitholo^cal Society was formed in 
the metropolis, m the year 1837 ; haYiDg,to 
quote the original prospectus, ** no privileges 
to claim or to offer, except tiiose of render- 
ing service to science, and contributing to 
the amusements and information of the 
public." It addressed itself to " all lovers 
of the beauty of nature, to all who can ap- ' 
preciate the charm which the feathered tribe 
— that most beautiful portion of the animal 
creation — are capable of lending to orna- 
mental water." The object of me Society 
is, to obtain — to preserve, as far as possi- 
ble, in a state of nature, and to bring under 
the notice of all classes and ages, on the 
waters of the Parks, (beginning with that of 
St James's) — a complete collection of the 
British species of the genus Antu of Lin- 
naeus, from the swan, (who has held for ages 
this sole privilege,) to the smallest of the 
ducks, and ultimately Co include specimens 
of every species of hardy aquatic birds; 
— Waders, Swimmers, and Divers. The 
idea was a most happy one ; and has, we be- 
lieve, been successAilly carried out during 
the four years that have elapsed since the 
formation of the Society. It may, perhaps, 
be regarded as an ofGshoot of the Zoological 
Society, which, in its turn, had originated 
from the Linnsean Society. And we are dis- 
posed to consider this subdivision of scieme, 
such as is exemplified in the establishment 
of numerous societies devoted to an especial 
department, has materially contributed to its 
advancement and difiusion.* 

The Ornithological Society now enjoys 
tl?€ honour of ^e patronage of H. R. H. 
Prince Albert ; f and during the past year, 
the Council obtained permission to erect titie 
Cottage represented in the prefixed engrav- 
ing. It occupies the eastern extremUy of 
the Island in St James's Park, nearly oppo- 
site to the State Paper Office, and Treasury. 
The design, by^John Burges Watson, Esq., 
presents a pleasing specimen of the Swiss 
style, or cottage om^e, Jt contains a Council 
room; apartments for the resident keeper ; 
and a room fitted with steam apparatus for 
hatching eggs similar to that employed at 
the Eccaleobion Exhibition, in Pall MalL 
Contiguous to the cottage are places for 
rearing the yoimg birds ; and feeding-places 

* We were among the earliest journalists to con- 
gratulate the public, in 1827, upon thehr boon of 
the hitherto private jportion of St. James's Park. 
It now presents qiik of the best specimens of land. 
SG^pe gardening in or near the metropolis, espe. 
I^jfij when viewed from the windows of Bucking, 
nam Palace ; and we can scarcely imagine a more 
gratifying sight than this scene of popular recrea- 
tion, this " public walk" of the metropolis, must 
present to the royal residents. 

t President of the Society, the Duke of Queens- 
bury : Secretaries, H. Chester and W. Hall, Esqrs. 



and decoys for catching eurpliu birds for 
distribution among the members of the 
Society, and their friends throughout the 
kingdom. The various aquatic fowl like- 
wise breed on the island, making their own 
nests among the shrubs and grasses. 

The prefixed Engraving has been copied, 
by permission, from a clever lithograph by 
Mr. Watson ; which is appropriately dedi- 
cated to the noble President of the Society. 

SLEEP AND DEATH, 

BT SIB THOMAS BROWNE. 

We term Sleep a Death, and yet it is the 
waking that kills us, and destroys those 
spirits that are the house of life. Tis, in- 
deed, a part of Ufe that best expresseth death; 
for every man truly lives so long as he acts 
his nature, or some wm makes good the 
faculties of himself. Themistocles, there- 
fore, that slew his soldier in his sleep, vu 
a merciful executioner: *tis a kind of 
punishment the mildness of no laws hath 
mvented. I wonder the fancy of Lucan 
and Seneca did not discover it It is that 
death by which we may be said to die daily; 
a d^ath which Adam med before his morta- 
lity ; a death whereby we live a middle and 
moderating point between life and death; 
in fine, solike death, I dare not trust it wiA- 
out my prayers, and an half adieu unto the 
world, and take my farewell in a colloqny 
with God: 

The night is come Uke to the day ; 

Depart not thou, great God, away. 

Let not my sins, black as the night, 

Eclipse the lustre of thy light. 

Keep still in my horizon, for to me 

The sun makes not the day, but thee. 

Thou whose nature cannot sleep. 

On my temples sentry keep ; 

Guard me 'gainst those watdiful foes 

Whose eyes are open while mine dose. 

Let no dreams my bead infest, 

But such as Jacob's temples blest. 

While I do rest my soul advance; 

Make my sleep a holy trance ; 

That I may, my rest being wrought, 

Awake into some holy thought. 

And with as active vigour run 

My course, as doth the nimble sun. 

Sleep is a death, O make me try. 

By sleeping what it is to die ; 

And as gently lay my head 

On my grave, as on my bed. 

Howe'er I rest, great God, let me 

Awake again, at least with thee. 

And thus assured, behold I lie 

Securely; or to wake or die. 

These are my drowsie days : in vain 

I do now wake to sleep agam : 

O, come ttiat hour, when I shall never 

Sleep again, but wake for ever.* 

This is the dormative I take to bed-ward; 
I need no other laudanum than this to make 
me sleep ; after which I close mine eyes in 
security, content to take my leave of the 
sun, and sleep unto the Resurrection.^ 
Religio Medici, part ii. sect xii. pp. 61, 61 

* Surely, " the Morning Hymn " of our Churdi 
service is a paraphrase of the latter poition of thla 
beautiful prayer.— En. M. 



\ 



THE lORROR. ISl 

BUSTS OP THE TWELVE CffiSARa ft« "^^^^ has beenproduoed, l3i^ from its 

uterary ment Neither, are these hosts 

About the year 1518, twelve busts of the motioned in The Stranger'a Guide, sold to 

Boman Emperors, executed in terra cotta, visitors, in the palace ; though five whole 

beantifhlly enameUed, and nearly the size of pages are occupied with details of Wolsey's 

fife, were forwarded to Cardinal Wolsey, to magnificent living at Hampton Court, quoted 

decorate his palace of Hampton-Court, by from Cavendish. This, by the way, is the 

Pope Leo X. besetting sin of our guide-books : they are 

Eight of these splendid works of art have ten times more communicative on the ob- 

always existed in the first and second courts jects they describe as they existed centuries 

at the palace ; but not one of the remaining since, than as they now stand : the first in- 

fbor to complete the valuable series could formation the au&ors find ** cut and dry " 

be found until within the last few months, al- to their hand, whilst they must record the 

though many years ago, strict search was made other from their own observation, if they 

for ^em by the various authorities connected study the completeness of their work. 

▼ith Hampton-Court. In the reign of George In Hie Amlmlator, 12th edition, 1820, cor- 

IV., the search was a^ain renewed, but with rected by Mr. Brayley, we find it stated 

DO better result than hitherto. A few months that the portal of the first quadrangle at 

once, however, one of the missing busts was, Hampton Court is ** decorated with the 

hy accident, discovered in fine preservation, heads of four of the Csesars ; namely, Ti- 

mn back room in Hampton-Court Palace, berius, Vitellius, Trajan, and Adrian. In 

Another of the. series has also been reco- the second quadrangle is a portal of brick, 

Tered, by mere chance, in a cottage close to " adorned also with four heads of the Caesars, 

^ stag-paddocks in Windsor Great Park, without names." 

b some alterations, the workmen found this The circumstance of the bust at the lodge 

Inst fixed in the wall, about ten feet from in Windsor Great Park being mistaken for 

^ fioor. Within the last few days, the Queen Anne, reminds us of an ignorant 

tldrd of the missing busts has been disco- engraver, who, having to " letter " two 

vered by Mr. Jesse, the surveyor of woods portraits— Julius Caesar and Charlemagne 

nd works, at the World's-end Lodge, in — reversed the inscriptions ; and his blunder 

the Great Park : it was found let into the passed muster I 

external wall of the lodge, and was consi- 

dared by the inmates to be a bust of Queen 

Anne 1 Ctf so little value was it supposed to FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. — III. 

^ that the boys of the neighbourhood, as ..Let philanthropic feeUngs rise 

tney passed the cottage, have frequently in every mortal human breast; 

amused themselves with pelting the assum^ in union's bond true greatness lies, 

bust of Queen Anne with stones and clay ; «;?^^,£f^*.*i! ^T.^Y' ?® '"**^''*- 

^■ , , .,1 . J. V u •* • !• u/i When blest with health, in time provide 

iiotwithstandmg which it is very shghtly For ills unseen, some prudent plan, 

injured, small portions of the enamel being Where, in distress, we can confide : 

dupped off". This bust, together with the Mendless, how impotent is man !»• 

two others recently found, will very shortly Onb of the most general and pernicious 

be removed to appropriate places in the first errors connected with the management of 

and second courts at Hampton-Court Palaco. Friendly Societies is, the insufficiency of 

Still, the twelfth bust of the series remains their contributions for the benefits offered. 

to be discovered. — Abridged from the Times. However wise and prudent a Society may be 

Mr. Jesse, in his popular account of conducted in other respects, however sober, 

Hampton Court Palace, makes but very temperate, and careful the members, and 

^ght mention of the above busts ; beau- healthy the district in which they live, an 

tifhl as they may be, they are dispatched error in the computations may overthrow 

b three lines, thus : ** On the turrets, on all their plans, and bring upon them ine- 

each side of the archways, (betw^een the vitable ruin. Habits of irregularity and 

first and second courts,) there are busts of dissipation may, fortunately, be eradicated ; 

fte Roman Emperors, which were sent to mismanagement and misapplication of funds 

Wolsey hj Pope Leo X., for the purpose of corrected ; but the evils entailed by too low 

ornamenting his palace.'* This, it will be a scale of payments for a few years, are of 

admitted, is but a very vague notice of these an irredeemable character, cannot possibly 

beantiftd works of art : we are not even be overcome, subject the individuals to the 

iafinrmed as to the number of the busts, worst privations, and like ^ all inadequate 

Tlie truth is, Mr. Jesse is an excellent hand schemes, lay the foundation of present relief 

tf an anecdote ; but when he attempts to on future calamity ; and afford assistance to 

docribe Hampton-Court Palace ardiitec- a few by disappointing and distressing mul- 

tarally, he fails altogether. Of his pleasing titudes." 

little volume some thousands have been Attention to this feature of Friendly So- 

idld, though more from the author's official cieties is, therefore, of paramount importance^ 

standing, and the beautiful style in which and merits the first and princip^d consi- 



I 



132 



THE MIRROR.^ 



deratioo. In the infimey of a Society the 
members are generally healthy and yoong, 
less subject to sickness and disease than in 
more advanced years ; consequently, the lia- 
bilities must be much less, when the majority 
of its membersare between 20 and 30 years of 
age, than when between 60 and 70. The 
average amount of sickness experienced by 
individuals, over the whole of the former pe- 
riod often years, is eight weeks ; but over the 
latter period it is no less than 59 weeks. 
It then follows that the expenditure during 
those two periods of a Friendly Society, 
will be in the proportion of 8 to 59. Ac- 
cordingly, the examination of plan A. in the 
second article on this subject, shews that 
the expenditure durine the five years pre- 
ceding 1800 was 99 7I ; while in the like 
period preceding 1840, when the society 
contained only about one-third of the former 
number of members, it amounted to the very 
great sum of 3144/. This must appear a 
somewhat remarkable circumstance to those 
who, for the first time, now look at the 
risks of a Society under a prospective 
view — ^its income reduced to one-third of its 
former amount, and its expenses increased 
nearly eight times. Nothing short, then, of 
an abundant provision in the early periods 
of a Society can be sufficient to meet the 
enormous expenditure of its advanced stages. 
It has frequently happened, that members, 
seeing the rapid increase of the funds of a 
Society when first established, not looking 
forward to their subsequent liabilities, have 
reduced their future contributions, or aug- 
mented their benefits ; but in most cases m 
which so unfortunate an expedient has been 
adopted, insolvency and its harassing con- 
sequences have followed. 

To many we are aware it must be a new 
idea, that the risks of a Society are sus- 
ceptible of calculation, and at present we do 
not mean to shew how such computations 
are to be effected ; that must form the theme 
of a future paper ; all we wish to urge on 
the attention of those interested in the suc- 
cess of those benevolent institutions, is, that 
the existence of a large stock, or rapidly in- 
* creasing fund, in the infancy of a Society, 
can be no evidence, in itself of the security 
of the foundation on which it is built That 
there is^ also a necessity for a very great 
surplus income in the first periods, in order 
to meet the future immense liabilities ; and 
that the only means by wluch the stability 
of a Society can be proved, is an investiga- 
tion of the contingencies of mortality and 
sickness ; an inquiry, to which the education 
of most mechanics is unequal ; therefore, in 
such a matter they ought not to depend 
entirely upon their own judgment, but 
consult some person whose qualifications 
enable him to give a sufficient opinion. 

In order to point out the value of plan A. 
given in last article, in illustrating the nature 



and extent of the risksof Friendly Socirtiei $ 
and to show how parallel it is, in almost 
every feature, to the actual workings of 
real Societies, we subjoin the quinquennial 
report of one, since its establishment in 
the year 1805. This Society presents an 
example of great value to all Benefit Clabs. 
It is establbhed in a most salubrious district; 
most of its members are engaged in healthy 
employments, and are remarkable for si>- 
briety, and uniform good conduct; the 
strictest economy is exercised in conductiDg 
its business ; and the bulk of its fimds 
is so invested in household property as 
to realize from 8 to 9 per cent, per annam. 
If any Society should be prosperous, it might 
be thought this one must be ; but there is, 
unfortunately, an error in the computations, 
and the symptoms of decay have become 
so evident to the members themselves, who 
know nothing of the mathematical prin- 
ciples on which their risks depend, that two 
years ago, the committee was obliged to 
suggest the necessity of a considerable re- 
duction in the benefits, that its decline might 
be averted. Indeed, in three out of the last 
five years, its income was unable to meet the 
current expenditure. Another feature of 
this Society, and one of much interest on a 
very important question, is, that its contri- 
butions and benefits are so nearly graduated 
to the tables of the Highland Society, as to 
be almost coincident with them.' In this 
we will find a valuable practical proof, to 
afterwards shew that the ratio of sickness 
given in these tables is too favourable for 
one of the most healthy and temperate cbiss 
of workmen in a salubrious district 





PLAN 


B.— " PRACTICAL SOCIETY." 




Num- 




Total 


Share each 


Amonot 
SaTcd 




ber 




amount 


Member 


for eacb 


Date 





Stock. 


saved 


ha-t in 


Member 




Mem- 




in each 


the Stock. 


in esob 




bers. 




Period. 




Period. 


1805 




je s. 


je s. 


^ 8. d. 


£ s.i- 


10 


208 


282 13 


282 13 


1 7 2 


1 7 2 


15 


225 


506 


223 7 


2 5 


19 i^ 


20 


186 


650 12 


144 12 


3 10 


15 6 


25 


260 


823 8 


172 8 


3 3 


13 3 


30 


282 


1123 


299 12 


4 4 


1 1 3 


35 


316 1356 


233 


456 


14 8 


1840 


384 jI4I3 


67 


3 13 3 


2 11 



In plan A. the share of each member when 
the Society was twenty-five years established, 
was 4/. 7s. ; but in the " Practical Society 
it was 4/. 4d. Again in plan A. when 30 
years established, each member's share ▼•* 
4/. 17s. 5d. ; but in the "Practical" itwtf 
4/. 6s. And lastly, in plan A. when 35 
years in progress, the share was 4i. 8s. 9d.; 
while in the " Practical Society," when in 
operation for the same time, the share of 
each in the Society's funds was 3/. 13s. 3d. 
So that at all those periods of balancing, 
plan A. is more favourable to the members, 



\ 



THE MIRROR. J33 

and oonseqnently to the stability of the should fail from an error, so erident to ewerj 
Society, than the experience of the " Prac- actuary and gentleman who has careftilly 
tical Society." But a very few years after studied the doctrines of contingencies, when 
the period now spoken of^ it was found that applied to sickness and moitEdity. Hun- 
tfae Society represented by plan A. became dreds fill the workhouses of the kingdom, 
insolvent; and from this way of viewing the and haunt the streets of our cities under the 
matter, it must follow that the " Practical most severe privations of pauperism, and 
Society " will also soon become insolvent, open to every temptation of vice and crime, 

This will also appear from another method who a few years ago were members of 
of inspecting plan B. Column 6th repre- Friendly Societies, and would still have en- 

sents ^e amount saved, in each period of joyed their beneficent and fostering care, 

five years, for each member of the Society ; but for the neglect on the part of the foun- 

and from the beginning that amount has ders of aU just calculation of their risks, 

decreased, and most remarkably so during Mr. H. D. Morgan remarks, that, '* It is 

the three last periods ; so that m the next plain that the Utbouring classes, (in the 

period, evidently nothing will be saved, but country, at least,) are not capable of making 

a considerable deficiency take place ; and a or appreciating the calculations which are 

like conclusion must be drawn from a necessary to expose the erroneous princi- 

proper inspection of any other column in pies upon which these Societies are esta- 

table 6. Another fact will shew how great blished, and to form the l»sis of a better 

the liabilities of the " Practical Society** are system." 

yearly becoming. In 1829, there was only Let it still be borne in mind that the 

one permanent member on the Society who progress of these institutions, even with all 

received 7/. 16s. a year; but in 1837 there their errors and ignorance of principles, has 

was thirteen such members, receiving been regarded as one of the most striking 

982. 16s. per annum. The old age of So- manifestations ofvirtue that was ever made by 

cieties, like that of individuals, must be pro- any people. Those faults may be avoided. 

Tided for in youth. In the " Practical So- Science now speaks to the multitude, and 

dety " there are at present upwards of 100 Friendly Societies will become better under- 

members above 50 years of age, who 25 years stood and spread their blessings over the 

since were all under that age ; and although land : let every one, therefore, unite to assist 

thar contributions still remain the same as his brother ; for 

fonnerly, they now draw from the funds of «• two are better than one; 
the Society at least six times the amount of if they faU, the one wiD lift up his feUow ; 
tfment Aat they then did. Tins of itself ^^^^^''^^ ^^^l^^^l^''''' 
should be enough to caution the founders of j^^ p^ q^ y. 

Benefit Societies against holding promises 

which every experienced calculator declares 

them unable to fulfil Workmen should WEARING LEEKS ON ST. DAVID'S 
have the same suspicion of too low-priced DAY. 

Friendly Societies, that the wealthier classes 

are now beginning to hold of too cheap The adoption of the Leek as the national em- 
Assurance Companies. Dr Price's advice blem of Wales, and the custom of wearing 
should never be lost sight of in such it on the 1st of March, are traditionally re- 
Quttters : " they afford assistance to a few ferred to the following story : — On the 
by disappointing and distressing multitudes." 1st of March, in the year 640, the Saxons 
In order that the " Practical Society " being about to attack the Britons, put leeks 
exhibited in plan B. might go on in its pre- in their caps, in order, if dispersed, to be 
ioit scale of benefits, its members, besides known to each other ; but the Britons haviug 
returning to what, in the first instance, gained the victory, transferred the leeks Ut 
would have been a safe scale of contri- their own caps, as signals of triumph. Mr« 
butions, would also need an immediate Brand adds, that the General commanding 
donation of 1467/. There is another pro- the Britons was vulgarly named St. David, 
vmcial district, where out of a limited popu- Sir Samuel Meyrick considers the above, 
ktdon there are nearly 4000. members of " like many other traditions, to have been 
Friendly Societies ; but upon so insecure a invented for the nonce ;" and we incline to his 
basis have they all been built, thut it would opinion ; more especially as there is nothing 
require no less a sum than 15,000/., now to warrant this belief in the h^h antiquity 
&at they have gone on so long on inade- of the custom. Not one of the Welsh bards, 
quate contributions, to re-establish them on though there exists a tolerable series of their 
a safe foundation ; and that supposing that compositions from the fifth century till the 
.the members would now return, to what, in time of Elizabeth, has in any manner alluded 
the first instance, would have been a proper to the leek as a national emblem. Even at 
icale of payment, overlooking past defi- the present day, the custom of wearing leeks 
wncies. It is lamentable that so many on the 1st of March is confined to the mem- 
benevolent and highly prwident Societies bcrs of modem clubs. But the Harleian 



134 THE MIRROR. 

MS., No. 1977, written by a Welshman, of raised to 61 ; and there win be • eoitet- 

thetimeof James I., contains the following ponding increase in the entrance-money 

passage: — afterthenambersofl000,2000,and3000haTe 

' I Uke the leek above SB herbs and flowers: been respectively attained. MeanwUle, die 

When^rataKKwre the same, thefieU-ma oon. arrangements ofthe Committee have notbeen 

Hie leA is wMte and freen, whereby is meant, published; although, in two months, they 

That Britons are both stont and eminent : „««,.„,„ t^ «,.],.> • „^„„<„»,_a«» .' .«j 

Next to the Uon and the unicorn, l^^ .'°. ""*«.» commracement : and, 

llie leek's the ftdrest emblem that is worn I' Mr. Cbnstie, of the Inner Temple, a very 

" Now, the inference to be drawn from «*<»!« Member of the Committee, has pub- 

these link is, that the leek was assmned lished ^« £;:tpfanof«m o/ rte &W o/ rte 

upon, or immediately after, the battle of Bos- "^P^A'*'"'^ •" ? ^r^'^t^,^ ^ 

worth-field, which was won by Henry VII., ^'^} ofClarendm, in whi^Ae Author is 

who hadmLiy Welshmen (his counti^men) ""oustohave it understood that the pUo he 

in his army, and whose y^men-guaJd was "^^.^ •» "?' \^^ ?°^'«'°« of the Libmy. 

composed Ot Welshmen -.and this inference ^his pampUet is altogethw so interesting 

is dSved from the fact, that the Tudor ^brochure ibM we propose toeUmce at its 

colours were tohiu and green : and, as may TT^- grat^-^fon of the readers 

be seen in several heraldic MSS., formed of ^e ilW; presuming them to be aw«re 

the>W on wUch the English, French, and of the object of this Instotution, namely, the 

Irish arms were placed. ♦ The field was estabhslunent of a targe Lending Library m 

ours,'aUudes to t£e victory, of course, as t^f Metropolis. The writer ffrst enume- 

well as to the heraldic field. ?^ *^« J? wl^ ^*°i^°.«u'*''"^? t'i 

" This view of the case would account for f™" r*""^ ^'' H'"? ^ *^f°, o"*-) '""«• 

the leek being only worn by Welshmen in f"** m almost aU the capitals and la-g. 

England, and its taving b4en a custom of *»^ °t continental Europe , th« lOtor 

comparatively modem oftgin in the time of ""^ °° '^''"« ^" '^"^7 f'^jf ^ 

ShaksDere"* communications received irom he 




Yet, Ais correction of a Popular Error Majesty « Ministers abroad^ m rep^ t-« 

may be, in some degree, invalidated by the ^ ,9^^"^'' ,^T^^.^y ^"^ Palmersto™ 

leek bTing a'native of Switzerland ; and, ac- ^^5^, ^'^^^^^^^^ / ^^ ^^ HS^"«« ""l,^^ 

cording to the Hartus Kewensis, not intro- !?^J^^ ^^PPJJ^^ ^l ^^K tfi'- ^ ^^ 

duced Into England tiU about the year 1562. Reference is then made to the public hb 

Pfyo^f, Errors Part V "®^ "^ Scotland ; and to those m lai 

^ ' ' towns of England ; when it is clearly she 



shewan 
that ** in London there is no Library fro: 



THE LITERARY WORLD.-II. ^^^h books can be taken 015^ worthy 

the metropolis of the United Kingdom, o:i 

THE LONDON LIBRARY. Capable of Satisfying the intellectual wa&'Cs 

of its inhabitants." It is true that there a,T^ 

As we were among the " foremost of the two Lending Libraries in London, namely; 

file'* to notice the formation of this Sub- that of the Russell Institution, and I>r. 

scription Library, in the Literary World Williams's Library, in Redcross-street ; hut 

Journal,! we have continued to regard the neither of these contains more than " the 

progress of the design with no common miserable modicum of 20,000 volumes.** 

interest. There appear now to be upwards Sixty years and more have passed since 

of 500 Subscribers enrolled, at bl each de- Gibbon reproached the Londoners in the« 

posit ; in November last, it was resolved emphatic words : " The greatest city in the 

that tiie Library should be opened, andBooks world is destitute of that useful institution, 

issued, on the 1st of May next ; when also, a public library ; and the writer who has 

the first Annual Subscription of 2/. will be undertaken to treat on any large historical 

due. The entrance-money has already been subject is reduced to the necessity of pur- 
chasing for his private use a numerous and 

* Communicated to the Pictorial Shakspere j valuable collection of the books which must 

HemyV.,mustration8ofActV.,p.384:"Butwhy form the basis of his work.** * This is the 
wear you your leek to-day? St. David's day is *"**" "^"^ "«»*•» y "^ »»yin.. ai**o « •« 
past."— Scene 1. Again, in Act IV., Scene 7, valuable expenence 01 an author of very 
Fluellen says to the king, " If your majesties is extensive reading, yet " not sufficientiy ex- 
remembered of it, the Welshmen did goot service tensive to give an accurate history <^ the 
in a garden where leeks did grow, wearing leeks in „^.i j ^^„ ♦vT^*^^^ «««♦„«;«« »» ♦!, « «ii« ^ *Ka 
their Monmouth caps j which yoiir majesty taiows, ^^^Id for tiurteen centuries, the aim of the 
to this hour, is an honourable padge of the service : celebrated Decline and Fall, 
and I do believe your majesty takes no scorn to Mr. Christie then shews the insufficiency 
w«ff the leek on Saint Tayy 's Day." ^^j^ ^ Library of tiie British Museum for 
t In reply to several kindly inquiries after the * . *«»''*^*"*»»J ^* u«^*^ajiMoixA»*«o^t*i«*v. 
Literary Worlds we take this opportunity of ex- the intellectual demands Of the metropous: 
plahiing that Volumes, Parts, and Numbers of this 
Work, to complete Sets, may be had of the original 

Publisher ; and that but for certain uncontrollable * Gibbon's Vindication. Miscell. Worics, vcd. iv. 

drcumstances, due notice would have been given p. 591. (London, I8I4.) Quoted in the above 

of the disamtinnance of the publication. Ejeplnnation, ^e. 



THE MIRROR. 135 

notwillMrtan^Umff its qiiiarter of a million of taste, any boon mnst be adyantageoosly 

Tohimes, and me cost of the establishment conferred apon oar men of letters; me ma- 

to the country of upwards of 20,000/. a year, jority of whom, from the expensiveness of 

its literary wealth is only aya^able seven their pursuits, and from insatiate study to 

hours a-day.* It is needless to remark how insure to their works the character of com- 

this inadequacy must be felt " by inhabitants pleteness, are poor even to a proverb, but 

of London — ^by fitmilies, by individuals en- are yet too highminded to seek a paltry 

gaged in business during the day and unable pension. It is not too much to say that in 

to fr^uent the British Museum, by authors no country of Europe is the literary cha- 

to whom readinff in a public room between racter held in lighter estimation than in 

fixed hours is irksome, and reading only England ; and its comparative position here 

during the day insufficient, by all who, and on ^e Continent reminds us of the 

^whether for self-culture or to increase the emphatic experience of one who did more 

public stock of intellectual wealth, require for the spread of knowledge than any writer 

xnore books than they can afford to pur- of his time: **How superior is the profes- 

cshase, and must now either purcl^ase or go sion of Letters in France to its condition in 

'^thout them :** now, the supply of this want England— there it is for glory — here for 

utheprimaryobjectofthe London Library; pelf!" Again, we say, if you aim at ad- 

ftlie accommodation of which it is proposed vancing this condition, improve the ma,- 

C<o extend to residents in the country, whose nagement of the public libraries. 

ascquaintance with the Museum Library can ■ — 

xaow only be obtained in their occasional ar,.frf n*%>t Afim**f»A 

^visits to the metropolis. The Sion College ^^^^ anq gnfflCgg. 

X^ibrary, although it was until the year «,/v^-» vYnwrvvvr 

1 836, one of those included in the benefits novel experiment. 

of the Copyright Act, 8 Anne, c. 19, is not IN the Times of the 22nd inst is detailed an 

aa whit more serviceable to the public than extraordinary experiment with a new in- 

Xhe Library of the British Museum. vention in the science of war, to which the 

And here we must observe that the claim of above journal alluded last autumn. The 

tiiese two libraries to a copy of every published trial took place on the 20th inst, in the 

^ork, heavily as it falls upon authors and grounds of Mr. Boyd, in the county of 

iwblishers, ought to have insured the fullest Essex, a few miles from town, in the pre- 

benefits to this class of contributors to the sence of several gentlemen. A boat, twenty- 

Qommonwealth of literature. These restric- three feet long, and seven broad, was placed 

tions — ^this hiding of the light under a bushel in a large sheet of water ; the boat having 

■ — ^thisbarto the diffusion of knowledge — are, been the day fefore filled in with solid 

doubtless, prejudicial to the character of timber, four feet and a half in depth, crossed 

Books produced in the present day, when in every direction, and clamped toother 

nine valuable works out of ten are compila- with eight-inch spike nails. ^ This fiUing in 

tions, or enriched with quotation. If the was maide under the inspection of Captain 

paramount object be to raise this character Britten, who stated that the inventor never 

and to insure liie completeness of such went near the workmen employed, that no 

works, let there be no impediments to au- suspicion might be entertained of any com- 

fhors obtaining fr^e access to the national bustible material being lodged in the hold 

libraries ; and, in common justice, let them of the vessel When the different persons had 

ogoy the fullest benefit from that store to taken up their positions, on a signal from the 

which they commercially as well as- Intel- inventor, the boat was set in motion, and 

lectnally so largely contribute. This may bein^ struck just abaft her starboard bow, 

be regarded as making out a case for Au- was instantaneously scattered into a thou- 

tbors ; but, when it is considered how mate- sand fragments. At the moment of collision, 

rially they influence the purest enjoyments the water parted, and presented the appear- 

of the people, by giving a tone to public ance of a huge bowl, with a resemblance of 

forked lightning on its surface. A column 

*^®, J**^y*J*^«Tl5? ^t^.^'^^JL^ ^ of water was Ufted to a great height in the 

ptmphlet as to the validity of the objections to . « „u:«i» „«.« ™:««*«^ n»«-.wic 

StoSSg Books to be taken out of the British Mu- ^f irom which were projected upwards. 

Mom. Why not make it a Lending Library, under for many hundred feet, the shattered frag- 

Rgulations sufficiently stringrent to insure their ments of the vessel, which fell in the adja- 

rehmi ? The chance of Fire by opening the Library ^ g j^ rj.^ ^ ^j^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

•t night is an unreasonable fear: as well might ^^^^ '^, "*^^ "«**«» "^'^ *x/i*i4« w w^ 

Covent Garden Theatre be closed at night, lest it Snapped like carrots ; the mast resemoled a 

ihoald take fire. Are not watchmen and firemen pro- tree riven by lightning, and the destruction 

jktedto our theatr^, and are notmost of tiie pubUc appeared to have been as complete as it was 

BoOdincs now erected fire-proof? Besides, how *^5j n *v • v* it - - ^-^ 

BHtny "fires" have occurred through lighting f— sudden. How this mighty effect was pro- 

the cause being, in nine cases out of ten, from duced was, of course, not disclosed to the 

hniing. We suspect the closing of the Museum numerous party ; but two naval officers pre- 

libnury in the evening to be referable to other . wprt» nprfpntlv iiwftr<» of the nmduA 

CMses than concern for the safety of "the national ^"* ^®^® perfectly aware oitne moaus 

coOectian.*' operandi, and the mventor offered to go mto 



THE MIRROR. 



detuli (xmSdentially with one or two of the 

dininguiBhed officers present- In repl; to 
s question from Sir Henry Hardinge, the 
inTentor sated that without a hatlertng 
traia he could transport on a mule's hack 
as of destroying the stroQ(!e8t fortress 



rope. 



The 



that. I 



. the 



SOtb, lifted into the sir a boat weighing 
toa« and a half; filled in wilh five tons aua 
■ a half of sohd limber, and displacing, at 
least, fourteen or fifteen tons of water- 
was only eighteen pounds weight. It was 
handled, and kicked round a room, when 
charged with its deadly contents, so portable 
and sale was it — a point of vast importance, 



•oddenla that are 

occurring daily fi™n the detonating iheUt 
now used in our service. At Acre, moat of the 
shells employed burst before they reached 
their object ; and they are liable to eiplode 
when roUing about a slup's deck, as waa 

Soved hy the ihlal accidents on board 
. M. S. Medea, off Alexandria i and the 
Excellent, at Portsmouthi there is also much 
tlanger in carrying these Ihells in a common 
ammunition -cart over B rough road. The 
existence of the above tremendoos power 
is now placed beyond all doubt ; and the 
inventor asserts that it is entirely under 
his control 




WALTON. ON-TH AMES, 

About nineteen hundred years ago, or 
fifty-four years before Christ, local tradi- 
tion tells us tliat Julius Ciesar croesed the 
Thames at the point from which the above 
Httle view is taken. Wishing lo get north 
of the river, this was the first fordable 
place the invading anny could find. Nine- 
teen centuries, atkr all, do something for 
the world. Walton Bridge, or bridges, (for 
there are two of them,) would nowadays 
save the emperor of the world the inconve- 
nience of wetting his feet. And between 
this point and the mouth of the Thames, 
CiEsar mi^ht make choice of eleven viaducts 
to spare him and his army a ducking. First, 
London, then Sonthwark, (the best central 
spot in the metropolis for a sight of it,) 



Blackfriars, Westminster, Vauxhall, Bat — ' 

tersea, (dangerous to Cockney aquaUcs. J 

Putney, Hammersmith, Kew, Itichmonf—'' 

and lastly Kingston, — Bridges. The sligh- J* 
view above was sketched ft'om the banks * ;^* 
the grounds of Ixird Tankerville'a villa, ^^^ 
gracefiil Italian edifice, with an elegant cam — T 

panile, which serves as a beacon for severs ^ 

mQes on (he Thames ; recently built by Mi" ""• 
Barry, and probably facing the very apo - '"^ 
where the Romans crossed the river. Th^^* 
wooden bridge In the foreground is used hj^^ 
the towing horses ; and there are few thini — ^ 
more pleasant than to lie on the banks 0^- ^ 
my loin's garden, in the shade of the willow^^"'' 
on a summer's day, and watch the sagiuut^^^ 
of the horses following the twists of th^^^ 
path, tugging for their very lives against tfc^^ 



Maiailaiiu and Lakea of Siaitzerlaad. By 

Mrs. Bray. 
[Tbbee volumes of lively letters, descriptive 
of a tour in Switzerland and other parts of 
the Continent, by the accomplished author 
of Triala of the Heart, promised a riohfiind 
of light, pleasant. Jaunty, miscellaneooB read- 
ing; and to a certain extent, we have not 
been disappcunted. Still, the route is so 
beaten a track, that we find little novelty in 
flieincidenta of the journey; andiicouldbe 



wished that in place of constant reference- ^^ 
lo Mr. Murray's Guide-book, Mrs. Brayhae^^ 

given us her own experiences. The epislo- 

laiT form of the work too, we are persuaded- -^ 
wifi not add to its popularity ; although w^^^ 
have much gratification in adding that th^^^ 

letters are models of that class of composi 

tion. They contain all kinds of infbnnatioT^ 
very pleasantly narrated, and especially ar^ 
ahvmdance of clever criticism of well-knowr* 
objects in Uie route, which is a very nsefiLf 
as veil as agreeable characteristic of th& 
volumes before us. For, tourists are too apt 
to start with prejudieei 



THE MIRROR. 197 

ig oertain matters. They make up to be sunk into their rest: there was no stir 
nds to depreciate some, and magnify among them. The solitary toll of a bell 
and between these errors of judg- from some church, whose spire pointed to- 
ley pick up but little in their travels wards the heaven to which the house of 
woith bringing home. According prayer is the way, was often the only sound 
Id fiible, that familiarity breeds con- that met our ear. The valleys opened upon 
we incUne to think that continued us ; at almost every turn of the road we 
vse with the Continent has tended to came upon new combinations of scenery, 
a host of its wonders to mere com- new outlets among the mountains. Yet we 
noes, and to teach Englishmen that were on a road perfectly level, and these 
e constantly leaving ** curiosities,'' heights formed our side screen, and a 
emd artificial, in their own country, to beautiful one indeed. I was charmed by 
"eign objects far less worthy of their observing the effects of the clouds that 
ion. The Guide-book, we fear, is floated around them, or rested on their 
)ice of the charmer" that gives our smnmits, as the day drew nearer and 
men this locomotive propensity, of nearer towards its close. Sometimes these 
lothing but experience of the incon- veils of vapour dropped upon and wholly 
esof travel will cure them, by teach- concealed tiiem from our sight; then they 
m to stay at home, or rather make shifted, rose gradually, or passed on, alter- 
ves acquainted with the rarities of nately discovering or concealing the sides 
wn land before they fly off to other and summits of the mountains, or now par- 
is. But, we suspect they too much tially disclosing some beautiful valley, en- 
e the French encyclopsedists, who riched with woods, that appeared of the 
' overlooked their own metropolis. deepest purple against a sky of liquid gold. 
ast not, however, be supposed that Here and there might be seen some bright 
1 to consider Mrs. Bray of this class spot of verdure, that might not inaptly be 
sts; for too well do we remember her compared to an emerald set in the diadem 
ork — Letters /ram Normandy and of the mountain's brow. Indeed, never, till 
y — ftill of clever, artistical criticism, I travelled in these elevated regions, more 
spirit, judicious estimation of anti- especially ui Switzerland, did I see effects 
and agreeable impressions, — to ex- in nature equal in lustre and in the depth 
lerwise than entertainment from her and richness of their colouring to the jewels 
1 hand. And these have been the and precious stones of the eardu 
eristics of this delightful authoress But, not to jewels alone might the glories 
"St to last — ^for, what reader does not produced by such a sunset as this be com- 
ber the entertainment we culled for pared. The clouds shifted so continually, 
>m Mrs. Bray's recent work — The that there was no end to the fanciful efiects 
J of the Tamarandthe Tavyf they produced in combination with the 
present space will allow us but to deepening colours and the glitterinp^ rays of 
a few flying extracts from the the last beams of the sun. Sometmies the 
'land^ such as will justify our enco- vapour was so light, that it served only to 
Here, imprimis, is a sketch of produce that optic illusion of magnifying 
r» ^-r 1 ^ A •\ objects without wholly obscuring them: 
Beautiful Country.l^ ^^^^ ^^^ through such a medium, the 

d you but now that I could not de- rocks of the Black Forest every here and 

icenery. It would be vain, therefore, there reared a phantom-like form, so that I 

well on that presented to us by this could well conceive whence arose those wild 

f s drive. I rather mention the little legends and the blood-curdling horrors of 

noted down for my own sake, than the demon huntsman, and his train of spirits 

rs. To me such notes are hints to and evil things. 

y, to unfold and look upon the page [Next is an amusing anecdote of the 

mind's eye, in which I see scene „ , ., -^ rr- ^ • t 

ene arise with aU its particularity of Popukrity of Queen Victoria.^ 

To you these accounts are but I cannot hope that a person so humble as 
for what will you be the better when myself will ever have the honour of ap- 
that the mountains of the Black proaching royalty, so that I shall have no 
with the intersections of their bold, means of informing her Majesty Queen 
and beautiful forms and outlines, Victoria in what high estimation she is held 
«n of the deepest purple, or of a in the grand duchy of Baden, as we found 
g gold, as they were, more or less, by the very great admiration a shilling, 
the influence or the absence of the possessing her remarkably fine profile for 
'the setting sun, formed pictures such a coin, excited at the Zahringer Hotel; 
art coaXd portray with the full power and we afterwards found the same feeling 
rmony of their effects. existed in other parts of the Continent : in- 
quiet, the repose of the evening deed, a commissionnare, whom I some time 
irfect The villages already seemed after detected in an attempt to cheat us in 



138 THE MIRROR. 

more ways than one at Cologne, thonght it habits of fimgalitj; to that the Swin 
most fiilly to disarm suspicion by ^ving me never spare labour and industry, and are 
the assurance that Queen Victoria was his content with the simplest and the hardest 
&yourite, the sovereign prince he loved fare. Yet a people subject to such a fearful 
most in all the world. My nephew chanced disease as that of goitre can hardly be said 
to possess and to pull out, when about to pay to thrivie under it Their cities being nu- 
the bill, a new-comed fresh and plump shil- merous and populous, and their ground 
ling from our mint, bearing upon it the im- capable but of small cultivation in propor- 
pression of our young and lovely queen, tion to the number of the inhabitants of the 
On glancing his eye upon it, our Fribourg country at large, the Swiss are obliged to 
poet mstantly exclaimed,** I will give money emigrate in vast bodies, and to seek their 
for that !" My nephew bestowed it upon bread in other and more wealthy lands : 
him as a gift ; but it was not destined to and as they are naturally a brave and war- 
rest in his hands, for the master of the Zah- like race of men, the most honourable career 
ringer, having also seen it, expressed so open to them is that of arms. To seek such 
great a wish to be the possessor of it, that service was their practice for ages ; and 
&e poet gave it up to him, and Queen hence is it, that in the wars of Spain, Italy, 
Victoria's " sweet favour** was passed from France, and the Low Countries, we so con- 
hand to hand, and admired by aU the stantly read of bands of Swiss soldiers behig 
house. engaged in them as mercenaries. 

Travelling Englishmen. [A vignette of poetic and historical in- 
Some of the English, even at the fine Merest foUows :—] 
hotel at Lucerne, were very sorry person- ^^ passed m our way the ruins of 
ages— poor examples of our country ; and feudal castle, said to be the scene of 
these, I remarked, gave themselves so many Byron's " Manfred." It is beautifully situ — 
airs, that I suspected some of them to be of ^^^d on an eminence below the moun tains^ 
no higher grades than wealthy tailors and ^Pf surrouuded by woods. A tale of tra — 
mantuamakers when at home— though of dition attaches itself to this castie. It i^^ 
tailors let me speak reverently, for I have ^S^Y romantic, quite in character .wi tl^ 
hitherto forgot to mention that in Baden ^^^ scene. The castie is called Unspunnen^^^ 
we saw an elegant Gothic monument in ^^ '^as in former ages the residence oT" 
cast-iron work, erected, in the open air, to ^^^ lords of the Oberhnd, A certain Couni 
the memory of Stultz, in the village where Burkard, one of its masters, had a beautifu' 
he was bom. This celebrated person, who daughter, named Ina. She, like a seconc 
died Baron Stultz, deserved both his monu- J^et, fell in love with the dependent oi 
ment and his rank; not, however, for his Iter father's ancient enemy. Count Berchtolc* 
skill in enabling old beaux to rival young of Zahringen. Love laughs at the quarrel 
ones by the grace and the inimitable cut of ^^ princes, as much as he does at any othei 
lus coats, but for having devoted the greatest ^^^ ^^ hindrances, when he is determinec 
part of his riches dunng his lifetime to a f® conquer. In the present instance (and i 
truly noble and munificent purpose— that of ^ ^^^ ^^^ only one of which I have heard) 
founding and endowing an hospital in Ger- ^^ shewed that he knew very well how t 
many for the old and the sick. All honour S^t over a wall ; for love prompted th( 
be paid to the memory of such a man. youthfiil lover, whose name was not Romeo- 

[We suspect that a vast quantity of in- ^P* Rudolph, to scale the castie walls b; 

flated nonsense has been written about the ^^gH and bear off Ina, whom he soon "^ 

blessings of Switzerland, and that tiie Swiss made his wife. , .^ ^ 

have been set down as a much happier ^^^7 years of cruel strife followed 

people than they really are ; and Mrs. Bray aggression ; till at lengtii Rudolph, takin 

IS of this opinion : thus of— ^s little son, the fruit of his marriage witfcw- 

Ina, in his hand, presented himself, unarmec 

Swiss Enjoyment] and unattended, before the castle gates o: 

Switzerland is the most delightful coun- his incensed father-in-law. Burkard was sc 

try in the world for the tourist, the artist, much touched at the sight, that he relented^ 

and the poet. But the beauty which cha- instantly pardoned him, and made the in— 

racterizes it is of little value to the people, fant son heir to his castle and possessions- 

who would gladly exchange some of those And that a perpetual rejoicing might mark 

picturesque rocks and barren mountains, the day of this happy reconciliation, to the 

which we so much admire, for a richer soil, latest times, he instituted ripd games, whiclm 

a like portion of earth, more capable of for ages after were, once a year, held on 

growing com and other aliments of human the spot. These games were revived (at 

sustenance and support But, in some mea- the commencement of the present century), 

sure to obviate the evils to which they are for athletic exercises, and speedily became 

exposed by causes of a physical nature, a frequented by the natives, far and near, of 

good Providence has given them a spirit the different cantons, 

patient of toil, and necessity has added to 








THE MIRROR. Idf 

, - ^ > V l>^i^ brought home in tnuialatioii or ori- 

en and Custom of the Japanese. ^^^ . ^^d Dr. von Siebold, a learned Ger- 

^nilons empire of Japan, it appears, man, physician to the &ctory, has collected 

as much a terra incognita now, as much Talnable information on the empire, 

hnndred years ago. For two cen- From these several contemporary sources, 

ince the simultaneous expulsion of together with reference to older wnters,little 

oity and the Portuguese, a.d. 1640, known in England, the present volume has 

country been hermetically closed been derived. It does not appear to be so 

lioreigners of all climes, against well put together as could be wished ; but 

as against Europeans; with the the details are as interesting as they are 

of one Chinese and one Dutch miscellaneous ; and our extracts must be 
both established, and, indeed, im- chequered accordingly. First, we gather 

L in one seaport-town. In short, from a narrative by Dr. von Siebold, the fol- 

r less of Japan than of China ; and lowing particulars of some shipwrecked 

3 as much to do with the Japanese Japanese SaihrsA 

ea-trays or Day and MarUns Japan ^hey were quickly reconcUed to their 

gl In the work before us, we learn ^^^ ^^^^ to relish their sakee and to- 

le population of Japan is variously y^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^j^ ^ ^jnia- 

id by different wnters, at from ^^^ rp^ ^^ ^^leiT mats on deck, 

WO to 40,000,000, or even 45,000,000 ^^^ fetched his box, and a scene, novel to 

"or so, as the good people of us, began— namely, a Japanese toUet Above 

^gton say. Then, in the Fenny ^ ^^ admired their dexterity in shaving 

M*a, valuable for its geographical their own heads. The Japanese shaves his 

we learn that the empire "consists ^^^ ^^ ^^ crown of his head, omitting 

aknown nun^er of islands of differ- g^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ misfortune — as captivity, 

lensions. Really, this ignorance ^eath of friends, and tiie Uke. In tiie ap- 

n Frq>er is very mproper ; and we propriate coiffure of the Japanese, tiie newly- 

ery ungrateful people : we are kept ^^slied bristly hair left round tiie shaven 

ntagion, and revived from fever, by ^.^^^^ ^^^ ^i^ ^ ^jj^ t^ ^hjch had 

» camphor ; our ladies treasure Ja- ^ere passed into tiie comic, every individual 

China ; we get from Japan the best ij^ving cut off his queue as a sacrifice to his 

e best sauce,) for our fish ; wid we ^ron divinity, in acknowledgment of his 

the Japanese lacquered woodwork, deUverance from imminent danger— a Ja- 

jchpsed in tiie pnde of oixr papier- ^^ seaman's vow. 

nade by steam : — yet, we care not a 

It the domestic history of the impe- [Next is described the first 

eople whence we derive these lux- Appearance of the Countrtf,"] 

id adjuncts to enjoyment All this Hills clothed with fresh green, and cul- 

reprehensible, at first blush : but, tivated to the very summit, adorn the fure- 

scarcely help ourselves ; for the ground, behind which arise blue mountain 

traders are rarely allowed to visit peaks in sharp outlines. Dark rocks here 

Mmese capital It is true that now and there break the glassv surfieice of the 

m, ** a physician, visiting the Dutch sea, and the precipitous waU of the adjacent 

as its allowed medical attendant, has coast flittered with ever-changing hues in 

1 such scanty facts as his Japanese the bright beams of the morning sun. The 
tance ventured to impart, in viola- mountain side of the nearest island, culti- 
their solemn oaths to reveal nothing; vated in terraces; tall cedars, amongst 

relations published by these medical which white houses shone, and insulated 

re upon their return home, were ne- temple-roofs jutted magnificentiy out, with 

y such as stimulated rather than ap- numerous dwellings and huts bordering the 

the appetite of those Europeans who strand and the shores of the bay, afforded a 

to be made acquainted with a conn- really attractive sight We neglected not 

■emarkable for the ori^nality of its the ' opportunity of obtaining explanations 

I Institutions, the peculiar and lofty from our Japanese guests, and learned with 

er of its people, and a form of civi- surprise that the pretty white houses, which 

neither European nor Asiatic, and we had taken for the mansions of the gran- 

itly altogether indigenous." dees, were nothing more than store-houses, 

ite, however, Russia, America, and the walls of which are coated, as a precau- 

d have attempted to open a trade with tion against fire, with mortar prepared from 

but in vain. Still, the schoolmaster shell-chalk. 

been abroad in Holland, as else- The bay becomes more animated as we 

some of** the traffic-trained members approach tiie town, and offers on both sides 

Dutch counting-house at Dezina," ^e most deUghtftQ variety of objects. How 

iie& and a warehouse-keeper,) have inviting are tibe shores, with their cheerful 

ed three several works upon Japan ; dwellings ! What fruitful hills, what ma- 

idiich, several Japanese books have >estic temple -groves I How picturesque 



J 



140 THE MIRROR. 



those green mountain-tops, with their vol- faUofpiecesoffinetortoigeehell, fifteen inches 
canic formation 1 How luxuriantly do those long, of the thickness of a man's finger 
evergreen oaks, cedars, and laurels clothe highly wrought, and polished to look like 
the declivity! What activity, what industry gold. They are said to be extremely costly ; 
does nature, thus tamed, as it were, by the and the more of them project from a lady's 
hand of man, proclaim 1 As witness those hair, the better she is dressed. They wear 
precipitous walls of rock, at whose feet com- no jewellery or other trinkets. The fiuje is 
field and cabbage-gardens are won in ter- painted red and white, to the utter destruc- 
races from the steep ; witness the coast, tion of the complexion ; the lips purple, 
where cyclopean bulwarks set bounds to with a golden glow ; in addition to this, the 
the arbitrary caprice of a hostile element ! * teeth of a Japanese married lady are black- 
ISmuggling.} ^^^ ^^ ^er eyebrows extirpated. 
Formerly, every captain of the annual ,,^1^^'' men nor women wear hate, ex- 
ships was wont, whilst the bibles &c. were ^^L^ prot^tion agam^ mn : the fan is 
in process of packing, to clothe himself in tT^J '^^^^ ^f^^ ^'^"^ *^.? «"? J 
loo^ attire, which was made to fit him, in and, perhaps^nothmg wiU more strike the 

external appearance, by internal waddings. ^fT^^J^Ttf ?^?PT ^ ^u' ^^ j}^''^ 

Thus enlarged, he presented himself to the ^IL^u^^''^^ '^^^^ ^^^,?'" ^^« f '^.^ °^ 

visiting Japanese officers. When about to IZ^ *'™^, ^^^^ ^^^J" ^^ P"^^ 

hmd, he exchanged his waddings for the IfJ^S ™'5^^.^'' be seen without their fani 

contraband articles intended to be intro- ^^t ^f"^^^ ^^^ "^^Y^ ^^ *^«"^ ^^ P= 

4^ced, wore his waddings during his stay, a JI^ ♦ f^" ^""^ i^f "^ ?^^'' countries— 

Mid repeated the former operation prior to ^^^f^* f ^ "'^'^ of Japan, it serves a gr^ 

re-emb^king for departure. This practice ZwE S^^f '* visitors re<^ive th( 

has now been rendered impossible. ^J^f .^'^^^ *^T '^]^\ ^?.^"' ^'i?' ^ 

*^ beggar, imploring chanty, holds out his fa] 

IDress— Swords— Shoes^Hmr^Fans. J for the alms his prayers may have obtained— 

The constant criterion turns upon the The fan serves the dandy in lieu of thei — 

wearing of swords. The higher orders wear whalebone switch ; the pedagogue, instead 

two swords — on the same side, it should of a ferule for the offending schoolboy* 

seem, and one above the other. The next in knuckles ; and, not to dwell too long upo; 

rank wear one ; and, whether two or one, tlie subject, a fan, presented upon a peco 

these are never, by any chance, laid aside, jiar kind of salver to the high-bom crimina 

To the lower orders, a sword is strictly Is said to be the form of annoimcing ^' 








prohibited. Within doors, socks are the death-doom : his head is struck off at i 
only covering of the feet. Abroad, shoes same moment as he stretehes it towards 

are worn, but of the most inconceivably in- fan. 

. convenient kind. They are represented as [ We now pass to the middle of the vol 

httle more thaii soles, of straw, matting, or for the annexed detaUs of an impudenthoa 

wood, mainly kept on by an upright pin, or ^hich was played off in England some eig 

button, held between the two principal toes, teen .years since; and which was figure 

which, for this purpose, project through an but suspected, in the second Number of Ti 

appropriate aperture m the socks, or, ac- Mirror : we allude to the 
cording to some older writers, by a horn 

ring. The impossibility of lifting a foot Mermaid of 1822-3.] 

thus shod in walking may amply account A Japanese fisherman seems to have dL 

for the awkward gait ascribed to the Ja- played ingenuity for the mere purpose 

panese. Upon entering any house, these making money by his countrymen's passim 

shoes are taken off. for everything odd and strange. He co:— — 

The head-dress constitutes the chief dif- trived to unite the upper half of a monk^^ J 

ference, in point of costume, between the to the lower half of a fish, so neatly, as ^^^o 

sexes. The men shave the whole front defy ordinary inspection. He then gave oc^t 

and crown of the head ; the rest of the hair, that he had caught the creature alive in \m~^^ 

growing from the temples and back of the net, but that it had died shortly after beii9^ J? 

head, is carefully gathered together, drawn taken out of the water ; and he derived co*:^*- ' 

upwards and forwards, and so tied as to siderable pecuniary profit from his ennnir^^ 

form a sort of tuft on the bald skull. Some in more ways than one. The exhibition ^^^ 

professions, however, deviate from this ge- the sea-monster to Japanese curiosity paE^ 

neral fashion ; Budhist priests and physi- well ; but yet more productive was the a^^ 

cians shaving off all the hair, while surgeons sertion that the half human fish, having 

retain aU theirs, gathered into a knot at the spoken during the few minutes it existed 

top of the head. out of its native element, had predicted a 

The abundant hair of the women is ar- certain number of years of wonderfril fer- 

ranged into the form of a turban, and stuck tility, and a fatal epidemic,, the only remedy 

for which would be possession of the marine 

* sieboid. prophet's likeness. The sale of these pic- 



THE MIRROR. 141 

tand mermaids was immense. Either the IFtre-proof HoutesJ] 

eompomte snimiU, or anodier, the ^pnng j^^ ^^ remarkable part of a Japanese 

oTtbe soccess of ^ fi«t, was sold to the dwelling is the provision against firf^To 

Dutch fector^, and tran«mtted to Batayia, each belongs a detached storif-room, or ware- 

where it feU into the hands of a speculating ^ ^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^ g.^^^l^ ^^^ 

American, who brought it to Europe and ^^ ^ distance for the mansions of nobility, 

here, m the years 1822-3, exhibited his j^ ^ tradesmen keep their stock of 

pmrchase, as a real memaid, at every capital, ^ ^^ ^^^^ femiUes their most valu- 

to the admiration of the ignorant, the per- J^j^ ^^^^^ 3^ pictures, books, collections 

plexity of the learned, and the filhng of his ^f rarities, &c. fhese store-rooms are built 

own purse. ^f ^g game materials as the houses ; but 

[The following is an interesting fact illus- the whole woodwork, doors and roof in- 

trating the longevity of trees : — eluded, is covered with a foot-thick coating 

A Camphor-Tree.-] <>f ^^y*. 5« apertures for windows are 

^ J 1. TT jf closed with copper shutters; and, for fur- 

A camphor-tree, mentioned by Ksempfer, ^^^ security, a large vessel of liquid mud 

^D. 1691, as ah-eady celebrated for its size, -^ ^ ^^ hand, with which to smear over 

IwUow from age, and supposed to mewure ^ ^rt of the building in case of danger ; 

SIX fothoms m circumference, Aough from ^^ jg ^^ -^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ conflagra- 

mts standing on ahill it was not then actu^ly ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ occurring amidst such ^m- 

imeasured, was ^ited by Siebold in 1826. 1,^^1,1^ houses should break out m the 

Be found it still healthy, and nch in foUage, neighbourhood, or the wind drive the sparks 

tJiough 135 years older. He wid his pupils and flames of a distant fire in a menacing 

im^sured it, and he gives 16-884 metres direction. These fire-proof store-rooms an- 

<:about fifty feet) as its circumference, add- ^^^^ ^^^ purpose so well, that President 

mng, m confirmation of Ais enormous size, x)oeff, in describing a conflagration, which 

t±at fifteen men can stand m Its inside. ^^^ -^^ such fearful -vicinity to the 

[Subjoined are some curious details of the bridge between Nagasaki and Dezima, that 

Japanese Theatre.-] ^« governor aUowed the scared inhabitanU 

-,, ... . . , .. . .1. of the factory general egress by the water- 

The most original point relative to the ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ consumed eleven whole 

Japanese stage is, the mod.^ or rather the ^^^^ ^^ Nagasaki, partially destroying 

order, of performance. Three pieces are ^^ expUcitly states that not one of the 

frequently represented the same day ; not, store-rooms was injured. Neither did De- 

as with us^uccessively, m wholes, but in ^ima suffer ; the flames having, at length, 

jortionsor fragments—viz., first, the &rst act y^^^ extinguished, before they crossed the 

of one, then the first act of a second, then |)ridffe. 

the first act of a third; then, returning to ® * 

the first play, the second act of the first iRdtgioua Festivals.] 
play, and, successively, the second acts of In every month there are two, somewhat 
the second and third plays, and so on, till analogous to our Sunday : the grandest 
all three are completed. Thus any of the annual festival is NewYear's-day, preceded 
andience who wiui only to see one of these by the imperative payment of every debt 
pieces, or who dislike the confinement of on New Year's-eve ; and the prettiest is 
sitdng out the whole — it need hardly be said one in which lighted lanterns are launched 
that Sie three tragi-comedies occupy great at night upon the bay, to ascertain, by their 
part of a day, from early in the afternoon fiite, the destiny of the souls of deceased re- 
to late in the evening — may withdraw to latives and friends; the queerest, one in 
imoke, drink sakee, or attend to business, which men, holding high official situations, 
whilst the pieces they care not to see take and of advanced years, busy themselves in 
their turn of representation, coming back flying kites, the strings bemg thickly co- 
refreshed to witness the next act of the vered with broken glass, and great interest 
ikvourite drama. The Japanese ladies, how- attached to the cuttmg the string of a rival's 
ever, so fiair from objecting to the length of kite ; and the most absurd, one in which 
time to be spent in the theatre, appear to con- the foul fiend is simultaneously expelled 
lider it as a peculiarly happy opportunity for from every house, by dint of pelting him 
displaying the stores of their respective ward- with boiled peas, according to Meylan ; with 
nAtes. ^ey are attended to the theatre by stones, according to Fischer. 

their female servants, with an ample supply 

of dresses, and repeatedly change their attire 

m the course of the afternoon and evening. ^^ Year-Book of Facts in Science and 

The theatre is said to be a very favourite -^*' — l^^l. By the Editor of the Ar- 

amusement of the Japanese, but it is also cana of Science. 

very costly ; and, in that country, few per- This volume contains no fewer than 500 

lOQS, at least of the higher classes, can afford Abstracts of Inventions and Improvements, 

to inidulge in unnecessary expenses. Discoveries and New Facts— the labours of 



14S 



THE lORROR. 



thepostyear. Eidi page is as foil as an 
egg of closelj-packed materials, abridged, 
concentrated, or re-written, with the antho- 
rity appended, so that the reader is not 
asked to rely on the Editor's ipse dixit : the 
sources, too, are so acknowledged, that they 
may readily be referred to in cases where 
the details are too numerous for entire quo- 
tation. The execution of the work we are 
content to leave to other critics, not one of 
whom, we predict, will be insensible to the 
time and labour requisite for its production : 
indeed, it is the most laborious volume of 
its series, but renewed health had fortified 
us for the task. 

K requested to name the more striking 
contents of this Year-book, as denoting the 
active scientific spirit of 1841, we should 
refer to the numerous improvements in 
Steam Navigation, and in Civil En^eer- 
ine, generally : the number of iron steamers 
bmlt has been very great. Next is recorded 
the progress of terrestrial Magnetism ; the 
first rate interest of the Electrical Re- 
searches, with the pictorial attractiveness of 
the Electrotype process; the number and 
variety of the New Facts in Chemical 
Science, not omitting the Experiments of 
tiie Year, on " Poisoning by Arsenic,*' or 
the advances to perfection made with the 
Daguerreotype ; the novelties in Zoolo^ 
and Botany ; the Progress of Geology, nfe 
with encouragement for the lover of science ; 
the Astronomical and Meteorological Phe- 
nomena of a year unusually changeful ; and 
the consummation of the North-west Pas- 
sage ; all which subjects occupy prominent 
positions in this volume. The principal 
illustrations are a view of the interior of 
the Polytechnic Institution, and a vignette 
of the Decomposition of Water, by a voltaic 
circle, under ihe Oxyhydrogen Microscope. 
The Index is as copious, as heretofore. 



Poems and Songs. By John Imlah. 

[A VOLUME of 115 lyrical pieces, all 
written with much vigour, and true poetic 
feeling, and some of tiiem almost reaching 
the merit of the author's own countryman 
— Bums ; whilst nearly every page breathes 
that fervent love of country— that delightful 
enthusiasm, which is so truly characteristic 
of Scottish songs ; as in our poet's opening] 

Ml/ Ain Countrie. 

Land o' the North ! my ain countrie. 
My lay will be oft o* thine and thee, 
And wake I ween but little skill : 
Would it were worthier o* the will, 
For what richer story — richer strand 
For the poet's harp or the painter's hand. 
Than thine in the dasp o' the circling sea 
Land o' the North, my ain countrie ! 

[There is genuine humour in the following 
hues to a successor of Neil Gow, of high 
fiune throughout Aberdeenslure, as a per- 
former of reels and strathspays] — 



Stradian! thonulHmtu 

That 8crap*st in Scotia*8 quire and qoonai 

Lang may ye push about the yxma 

Wi' choicest duels. 
And drive them wud wi* *<TaIloc3igonnB,'* 

The reel o' reds 1 

Be life wi' thee a dondless simmer, 
Wdoome to cronie and to Ummer; 
Lang mayst thou mak' the tremlin' timmer 

Thy music feel. 
While sturdy loun and strappin' limmer 

Loup, skip, and squed I 

In fame and favour mayst thou grow. 
Shunning the broadway leading low. 
Mid a' the fiddles in a row 

That top the narrow^ 
Flourish, like Aaron's rod, the bow 

O' Drumnagarrow ! 

Gude prospCT a' that may concern 
Thy hame an' haddin', board and bairn, 
Be evergreen the bays ye earn, 

TUl full o' days 
And lowly laid, a noble cairn 
May Scotia raise. 

On ilka Scot be donl and shame, 
Upon his head, upon his hame. 
And a' the plagues that ever came. 

Of old, on Pharaoh, 
Wha scorns thy numbers and thy name, 

O ! Drumnagarrow ! 

[Here are two charming ballads — amat 
and convivial :] 

Atdd Lowri^s Bonnie Maty. 

O ! there were wooers nine or ten. 
Some down the bum — some up the g^en. 
Cam' courting daily, but an' ben, 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary. 
Her fame— her name spread far an' near, 
She kept the countrie hi a steer. 
An' monie cam' her price to spier, 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary.- 

The wealthy vowed to keep her grand. 

As onie lady in the land. 

Wad she but plight them heart an' hand, 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary. 
An' ithers deaved her wi' their din, 
O ! gentle bluid an' muckle kin. 
But litUe reck'd they how to win 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary. 

At last our Jock gae'd oure the grate. 
An' nae oure bauld, an* nae oure blate. 
An' woo'd wi' love baith ear' an late, 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary.- 
An' wha could Jock an' love witlistan* ? 
Sae he, wi* holy beuk an' banh. 
Made her gudewife-^whare's he's gudemar 

Auld Lowrie's bonnie Mary 

We've drunk to them thafs here about 

We've drunk to them that's here about. 

We've drunk to them that's feur awa ; 
But fill again, there's ane, nae doubt. 

We yet could drink abune them a», 
Wha drinks— and deep— fair be his fa*. 

On him that winna, meikle shame, 
As roimd and round the cup we ca' 

A health to her— we need na name ! 

I gie you joy, wha hae found grace, 

Wi' ane that's comely, kind, and true ! 
I feel for you — I ken the case— 

Whom some fair thief o' hearts gars rue. 
Though Docht you say, and swear, and do. 

Can wauk in her's the tender flamet 
Yet we're forgiving when we're fou— 

Here's health to her— whate'er her name 



THE MIRROR. 



14S 



I fti' ttie womanldiid, 

been, sin* first the waxld beg;an, 

i nden — and wayw ard mind, 

sln^ or the bane o* man ; 

i\ do what we can, 

nJe dears we canna blame ; 

son gae wi' our ban, 

wish that some would bear our name t 

n led a wearie life 
, in Eden's bonnie bowers, 
t the first o' men's gudewife — 
est o' the garden's flowers ; 
Barty bought, the social hours, 
I and death — wi' sin and shame — 
them cheap, when pass we ours 
we'll drink— but daurna name. 

rife cock fu' loudly craws, 
cry mom begins to blink, 
, it's time to wear our wa's 
iSk begin to lisp and wink ; 
we thole, whate'er we think, 
we*U. do and say tbe same, 
1 the bowl, and deep we'll drink 
1 to her— that each could name ! 

of the pieces in the volume have 
to music, and have become, as they 
, exceedingly popular.] 



©bituavp. 



R A8TLET P. COOPER, BART. 

3ct the following tnuts and anec- 

3m that highly accredited publica- 

! Medical Gazette. 

Dften been remarked that some drcum- 
gpparently accidental, has tended to in- 
le future career of those concerned ; and 
Dte is told of Sur Astley which, if true, 
bear out this idea. It is said that when 
saw a lad fall from a cart, and tear his 
tudh a manner as to wound the femoral 
our young hero immediately took his 
thief, applied it round the thigh, and 
t so tightly as to control the bleeding till 
ssistance could be procured, 
ley received some ven* large fees, among 
3t the least remarkable was that of a 
I guineas thrown at him in his night-cap 
ient whom he had cut for the stone — an 
t which we heard the deceased tell with 
I animation, on retiring from a patient 
om he had just performed the same ope- 
nd who had likewise in his agony flung 
t the surgeon, but without its containing 
occasion the cheque which gave so much 
the original incident. 

5, when at the height of his reputation, 
red to Spring Gardens ; and he was one 
gr with whom the migratiou from the city 
irest end has proved fully successful. A 
rs afterwards he was employed profes- 
by George IV. to remove a small tumor 
scalp — an operation which he performed 
his wonted coolness and dexterity.* 
27 Sir Astley continued to enjoy an exten- 
ctice, and to make a very large income. 
., in the full zenith of his fame, volun- 
Jrcd into the country to ei^oy the riches 
jccomulated, and spend the remainder of 
in the dignified repose of a country gen. 
But Sir Astley was not made for the 

:e is no truth whatever in the story which 
1 in the newspapers some days ago, in 
is stated that Sir Astley lost his presence of 
1 this occasion, and was recalled to himself 
tanonition from Lord Liverpool : his lord- 
B not even present.-- En. Gaz. 



othtm cum dignitate, and a very diart time aaw 
him back again in the metropolis, where, on more 
than one occasion, he publicly referred to the 
period of his seclusion, and declared that if he 
had remained idle he should certainly have hanged 
himself. His nephew, Mr. Bransby Cooper, 
having been installed in his old residence in New- 
street. Spring Gardens, Sir Astley took a house in 
Conduit-strc«t, where he gave a series of Conner- 
gazionif which were attended by nearly aU ttie 
medical world in London, and which were in- 
tended apparently to convince his brethren of the 
reality of his return. He brought with him his 
great name and unblemished reputation, but never 
had, and probably never desired to have, the same 
immense business as before his temporary retire, 
ment ; others, of scarcely inferior note, had gained 
possession of, and retained, a considerable portion 
of what had before been almost exdusively his 
own. 

As an operator we need scarcely say that he was 
bold, rapid, and skilful, almost without paralld — 
qualities which tended greatly to enhance his own 
reputation, and to heighten the character of Eng- 
lish surgery. We well remember having been 
present at a conversazione at M. Maunoir's, in 
1817, attended by most of the scientific men in 
Greiieva, when the fact was communicated of Sir 
Astley having cut down upon and tied the aorta 
in the living subject ; nor shall we readily forget 
the expresdons of admiration, not quite unmin- 
gled with consternation, with which the announce- 
ment was received. 

Probably, no surgeon of ancient or modem 
times has ei\joyed a greater share of reputation 
during his life than has fallen to the lot of Sir 
Astley. The old and new world has alike rung 
with his fomej and, perhaps, we cannot give a 
better example of this than one to which we re- 
member having alluded on a former occasion— we 
mean, the fttct of his signature being received as 
a passport among the mountains of Biscay, by the 
wild followers of Don Carlos. A young English 
surgeon, seeking for employment, was carried as 
a prisoner before Zumalacarregui, who demanded 
what testimonials he had of his calling or his 
qualifications? Our countrjnnan presented his 
diploma of the College of Surgeons ; and the name 
of Astley Paston Cooper, which was attached to it, 
no soon^ struck the eye of the Carlist leador, than 
he at once received his prisoner with friendship, 
and appointed him a surgeon in his army. 

Sir Astley Cooper was a handsome man, and of 
striking appearance, well deservhig the '* c*est vn 
hel homme ! " which was often bestowed upon him 
as he walked round the H6tel-Dieu with M. 
Dupuytren. His manner was open, fr«e, and 
encouraging to his patients; altogether void of 
affectation, as well as of all excessive or artificial 
polish. 

Sir Astley, as we have seen, long eujoyed a 
lai^ share of public patronage; but we believe 
the actual amount of his fortune, when stated at 
half a million, is considerably over-rated. His 
personal expenses were not great; but he was 
very liberal to his relations, on whom, we have 
heard, on what we believe to be good authority, 
that he bestowed between two and three thousand 
pounds annually. He is also said to have spent 
20,000/. in bringhig his brother into Parliament.* 
Nor was his liberality confined to his own ftunily : 
—when Dr. Baillie and some others made up a 
purse for Dr. Pemberton, in the difficulties brought 
upon him by his ill-health. Sir AaPtley contributed 
the munificent sum of 500/. 

The leisure of his advanced age was not spent in 
idleness, but was devoted to sdentific pusBuits ; — 
dissecting, making preparations, and other most 
industrious investigations of disease. 

* It is amusmg to see Sir Astiey's success attri- 
buted, in a memoir recentiy published, to his 
brother being in Parliament— just the converse 
being the fact— viz., that his previous success 
enabled him to make his brother an M.P. 



144 



THE MIRROR. 



Cl^e Aatj^erer. 



M. Ouixot.—A depatatiou of American dtizens 
have waited upon M. Guizot, *' the historian of 
Washington,'* to solicit him to sit to an eminent 
artist for his portrait, in order that the United States 
may possess the lilceness of him who has treated 
the life of Uie great American citizen with so much 
tadent and effect. 

Odd Compariton.— Mrs. Bray describes some of 
the foaming rivers of Switzerland as like nothing 
but tUrtjf soap-sudst as if it had been washing-day 
wiUi the mountains ! 

Women of Cadiz. — Les/emmea, votla la beautSde 
Cadiz. Nothing on eaith is comparable to their 
figures, their soft glances, their large, warm,velvety 
eyes. And then, their feet ; their delicious, darling 
little feet, shod in the prettiest satin shoes in the 
world I And withal, so soft and tender, (that is to 
say, when not jealous,) so aSU>le and so spirituelle. 
The pavS of the place is delightftd. It seems 
expressly made for the pretty feet, silk-stockinged, 
and satin-shod, which tread upon it, ** from night 
to mom, from mom to dewy eve.**— Budget of a 
Blue Jacket; Times. 

The Fandango.— It is alone at Cadiz, that tbe 
fandango is property danced. Everywhere else it is 
paltry, pitiful, shall I say, disgusting? At Cadiz 
alone, it is divine ; the e^jplause was almost 
frenzied. Soon, however, you could hear a pin 
drop. Every eye was fixed, every tongue wa3 
silent, every breath suppressed. Plunged in silent 
ecstasy, we all followed those alternately graceful, 
and magically rapid, poses of the dansatrice. — 
Ibid. 

Cadiz.— The bay is a thing unique. The mouth, 
narrow at the entrance, is defended by the forts of 
Matagorda, so admirably placed, that the two 
points on which they are buUt seem to have jutted 
out from the sea designedly to receive them. In 
the distance, is seen the city itself, Cadiz, the 
beautiful Cadiz, with those white and beautiftd- 
looking houses, as though they were built of ala- 
baster, lliese very houses were the cradle and 
the rampart of Spanish independence. — Ibid. 

Windsor Castle.— There is no halt in the lite- 
rary run upon our PubUc Buildings ; Mr. Ains- 
worth announces Windsor Castle, an historical ro- 
mance, as a companion to the Tower of London. 

Slavery in America. — ^The maintenance of this 
vile traffic has long been the foulest blot upon the 
American character; and, judging from the reidies 
to questions transmitted to our Anti-davery So- 
ciety by the Am^can Anti-slavery Society, the 
atrocities of the system are unabated : and markt 
the evidence is American. In commenting upon 
the cruelties of tiie system, " fostered and firmly 
adhered to by the legislators of the great Amerkan 
nation!" the Times asks, with burning indigna- 
tion : ** Was there ever a more deplorable mus- 
tration ot human weakness, inconsistency, and 
wickedness? A free people, people glorying hi tbeir 
freedom, and boasting oi the rights of man, and 
yet keeping neariy three millions of thdr feUow- 
creatures in the most cruel bondage \ A rdigious 
people, a people who send their misidonaries to 
India, Tartary, and the farthest east ; and who yet 
cherish among them a system which destroys their 
whole negro population, soul and body I A people, 
boasting of their literature and their taste, with 
whom the idanter lays down a volume of the lofty 
romance of Scott, or the touching drama of Shak- 
speare, and takes up his gun, to ramble into the 
bush, and shoot a woman! A people, who tell us 
that tney maintain more preachers of the gospel 
by volimtary efforts, than eiUier England or Scot- 
land by their church estabUshments, and whose 
preachers of the gospel ' flog a woman with their 
own hands before they go to chapel, and have her 
tied up to a post that they may flog her again 
when, they return home.' "— (See ti^e Replies, 
p. 139.) 



The Tuileriet.—Thatt nerer wu vaj palaoe ac 
well lighted as the Tuileries at present. Tlieceare 
at least, three to one more candles burnt now ttua. 
at any former period.— iV^v Jf on. Mag. 

Titled Persons.— Those who enjoy titles b) 
courtesy are estimated at between 3000 and 40<N 
persons, whilst those whose titles are of right ex- 
ceed 2000. The Enc^h, Irish, and Scottish peen 
are 657 in number, the baronets 905, thearchbisluqM 
and bishops 53, the lords of session 1 1, the peeressei 
in their own right 13, dowagers belonging to extind 
peerages 11, knights of the various dvil and mili- 
tary orders 180; and the last dass, the knight 
bachelors, comprising lawyers, physicians, navai 
and miUtary knights, men of science, diplomatic 
and oflidal persons, &c., amount to about 450.— 
Dodd** New Peerage, ^c. 

Receding of the Sea.— The Phare de RockelU 
states, that the sea is receding so rapidly from tht 
Bay of Bourg Neuf, that the remains of an EnglisI 
ship-of-war, mounting sixty-four g^uns, which wsu 
lost on an oyster-bauk, called Les Retraits de 
(Euvres, whilst in pursuit of a French ship, in 175: 
is now to be found in the midst of a cottivt^ 
plain. On comparing the depOi of the wat« 
where this vessd struck with its present level, 
will be found that the depth of the sea has dimlH 
ished at least fifteen feet. 

South Australia. — Within four or five years trom 
its commencement, the population of this you^ 
Colony rose to from 14,000 or 15,000 persons, soin 
of them wealthy. Adelaide was growing to 
large and fiourishing dty, towns also springiar 
up at Port Lincoln, and in other places, and ag-n 
culture conunendng— large increasing number^, 
cattie and fiocks of sheep— a thriving whale fish^ 
— our shipping interest greatiy benefited — t=I 
overfiowing n^dy part of our population findftja 
a home, and immediate employment, with v^ 
high wages — such was the prosperity of Soca. 
Australia, until a sudden stoppage took i^a^ 
owing to financial difficulties. — Times. 

New Zealand. — For fifty years after Cook pianS:: 
the British fiag upon this fine country, our int<^ 
course with it was confined to the occ9Sixm.^ 
visits of whaling ships. 

SwitzerUmd^--9. land which, when once ^ ij i it^ 
will ever afbaip'xecor to the mind, like tin tti^icm 
of a first apt ,deep love. Others may M tVK! »' 
but nonadjgtt'ever rest so green in the memo^ 
or will co3tt' 



! ' back upon the heart with 
momentary tSirills of old feelings— sudi vividn^ 
of recoUectian— and such strong, tt^ougfa taA-' 
yearnings of afliection, amidst all the after wa«tf 
ai years, and all the coldness and tranquillity tica 
diange and the reality ot things taring in ttk.^ 
course, as time dissolves the dreams oi our eariJ 
years, and disenchants the spells of ftmcy and 
hope. — Mrs. Bray. 

Nations, like diamonds, are nowadays pd&Awe 
faster and otherwise than of yore. WhOe n»< 
formerly could be smoothed and rounded cmly 1 
long lapse of time, tediously, as of old ttie «|5 
monds in the stream ; now they may, UIm 
diamond on diamond dust, by- i^mt whidi 
hold before them— the past, orriMar the 
of great men, as it were on their Hdpi— attain tt^ 
purer shape. — Jean Paul Richtett, *^ 

TO' CORRfiSPdNDlNtsi 
Accepted: ** Reminisciepces of Sterne: TriUr€» 
Shandy.** — Several»ttfej<s have heeti received. 

Ineligible: " The "Polish Exile,** by Mr. r^ 
*• Letter on Henry Kirke White.**—** When I i^ 
a Child.**—** On History,** by a Peruser.—** < 
Beauty.**—** The Soldier*s Return,** by William^ 
** Lines, " by Amor Fidelis. 

London : Published by HUGH CUNNINGHAM 
1, St. Martin*s Place, Trafalgar Square ; and SO' 
by all Booksellers and Newsmen. — In Paris, by i* 
the Booksellers.— In Francport, by Charles Jug^ 

T. C. SaviU, Printer, I07i St. Martin's Lane. 



or 
LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 

Ko. 1046.] SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1B41. [Pbkv id. 




146 _ ^ THE MIRROR, 

HER MAJESTY'S BARB, " BEAUTY." ^^«P® •" *^e marching watch of St John's 

Eve in their hright armour, and with their 
This fine specimen of the noble breed blazing cressets, would give place to a pro- 
of horses, reared by the Moors of Barbary cession of policemen in mdia-rubber clcmks, 
and Morocco, has been lately imported from bearing a dazzling and bewildering ffalaxy 
Tripoli, for the especial use, and as the of Bude lights: Ihe Yule-log of Christmas 
private property, of her Majesty. Even in would yield to a lump of anthracite coal in 
Barbary this horse was remarkable for its a Dr. Amott's stove, or a Chunk, or a 
symmetry of form ; and bore, in Arabic, the Harper and Joyce, or a Vesta, or some 
name of " Beauty." ** It is a fact," states other uncomfortable-looking, black, cheer- 
the Editor of the Court Journal, ** that we less substitute for a proper grate fire, of"" 
can vouch for, so desirous was the Emperor which every one knows half the pleasure-^ 
of Morocco to possess this horse, that he Is to look at and poke : the simple feai 
offered for it the weight it might be strong of the gleemen and joculators would 1 
enough to carry in dollars I Even an Eng- eclipsed by the more astounding illusioi 
lish gentleman, then at Tripoli, aware of of Mr. Bachhpffher at the Polytechnic In — 
its value, had determined on obtaining it stitution : the garlands would revolve roun<^9 
for her Majesty: he did so, though with the Maypole by voltaic electricity ; and thi^ 
difficulty, for ms competitor was a sove- "miracles, mysteries, and moralities" per — 
reign. It was duly trained and forwarded formed on carts during the season of LenS^ 
to England; and the subsequent recompence would be supplanted by travelling lecturer 
has, as may be inferred, been ample." The ^om scientific institutions, in perambulating 
colour of this beautiful animal is chesnut "^ans driven by steam, or raised gently froxxi 
The prefixed Engraving* has been copied one spot to another by numerous balloons 
from one of a series of lithographic portraits guided by Mr. Green's new whirlings, 
of the Arabians belon^g to the royal stud, ^e assert, firmly and deliberitely, al/ 
published (by permission) by Mr. Cunning- these things would nappen — nay, they will 
ham, of St. M^tin's-place. The remaining happen ; and we are not far fW)m the pe- 
portraits comprise, 2. The Grey Arab, sent no^ of ihe crisis. The time is fast approach- 
to her Majesty by the Sultan of Muscat ing when our very nurseries will be the 

3. Tlie Bay Arab, imported fh>m BengaL schools for science ; when our childrens' 

4. The Chesnut and White Arabian, sent to ^nt books will be treatises on deeply scien- 
the Queen by the Sultan of Muscat tifici, subjects ; and when even their play- 

thuigft will partake of the change. The 
Datob toys will be thrown aside for the 

DiwpierreotTpe : the doll's house will be a 

A LITTLE TALK ABOUT SCIENCE moSsi of the Adelaide Gallery ; and the 

AND THE MOUNTEBANKS. nursery carpets and morning dresses will 

be burnt full of holes by tiie acid firom the 
We are, certainly, getting too refined to be doll's galvanic trough *r hydrogen appa- 
jovial ; and our increased education is pa- ratus. Cheap air-pumps will be imported 
dually driving out of our hearts what httle from Holland in chip boxes, with barrels 
inclination to honest mirth the altered times fitted up on the principle of the pop-gun ; 
have left us. All the sports that made old and dumps will be no longer cast in pipe- 
England "merrie" at that jocund period clay moulds, but turned out fresh and sharp 
"once upon a time" are disappearing one by the electrotype-^another type of the 
by one ; and Science has so startled our advancing age. Noah's arks will assume 
ancient pastimes, that few have had the the form of chemical-experiment boxes: 
good fortune to withstand her march, and the beasts and birds will turn to rows of 
assert their ancient powers of attraction labelled reagents, and Noah and his family, 
for the citizens of London. Nor will they sticks, little round hats and all, will be 
ever rise again ; or, if they do, their re-ap- ranslormed into test-tubes and sjririt-lamps. 
pearance will be m some altered and deeply The magic lanthom will be cast aside for 
philosophical form ; so that honest old Strutt the gas microscope ; and our old and once- 
himself would not recognise those games, loved triends, the devil and the baker, the 
whose principles and laws he has so fondly tiger that rolls his eyes, and the birds that 
collected and chronicled. The turf of the fly out of the pie, will at last vanish away 
tilt-yard would be supplanted by wooden to nothing in reality, before the magnified 
blocks and asphalte; the boats of the players attractions of the claws of the DytUcus 
at the water-quintain would be propelled Marginalis, the wing of the LibeUula, or 
by the Archimedes screw, instead of the the wriggling abominations of a drop of 
lusty arms of "the youthe of Finsburie, and dirty water; of which horrors, collected 

from standing pools and crammed into the 

* By Mr. Landells, whose engravings of Animals smallpgt nossiblp nnatif itv nf flnirl that will 

are distinguished by their spirit and fideUty, and 8™a^*e8t possiDie quanuty Ot nuia tnat WiU 

rank among the best performances of this sue- ^^^^ *"^°* ^^ move, people go away from 

cessfui artist. the ochibition firmly convinced that they 



THE MIRROR. 147 

ftUow millions to pass down their (eMp^mM, impatient for the commencement of even 

(it used to be called gullet,) every time they an Astley orchestra, 

take a draught of water, and they abandon To our juvenile minds, the Mountebanks 

it in consequence, and stick to Guinness were beings of an elevated and barely com- 

and Whitbread. We do not think that any prehensible station. We knew them to be 

microscopic exhibitor has yet been rash mortal, for they drank beer fh>m pewter 

enough to shew what species of monstrous pots during the performances, and put on 

animalculse is found in a pot of stout or old great coats, which, tattered and button- 

** half-and-half." less, certainly partook of our own world, — 

Amongst the changes and innovations after any very violent exertions. But then 
made by what the advocates of education the merryman beat all our most acute con- 
are pleased to call ** an improved state of jectures as to his existence. Could he ever 
the mental condition of the people,** we have been a baby? We thought not, but 
regret none more than that which has led rather inclined to the idea that he was some 
to the gradual extinction of our ancient wonderful creation that had dropped ready- 
friends, the Mountebanks. We do not mean made fh>m the clouds, always happy and 
the peripatetic vendors of quack medi- laughing, and possessing the mysterioua 
cines — they had passed away long before power of throwing the same spell over his 
we made our first debut upon the stage of auditors. An ignorant companion once at- 
tbe minor theatre of our existence ; but tempted to make us believe that a sallow- 
we allude to the equestrian performers, faced and melancholy-looking man whom 
▼ho formerly pitched their ring, and de- we saw buying a loaf and a red herring in 
lighted us for a summer's afternoon with a chandler's shop the day after one of the 
their wonderful feats, on some waste piece performances, was the clown ; but we did 
of ground in our village I Alas I the waste not credit his statement for an instant. No, 
pieces of ground are no longer to be dis- no — the merryman would not have bought 
covered, for they have been enclosed and anything. He would have gone boldly into 
built upon ; and cottages teeming with dirty the shop, (probably he would have jumped 
squalid children have supplanted the glit- through the door,) and having thrust a 
tering troop that were accustomed to per- butter-firkin on the head of the man who 
fonn their manoeuvres on the same spot kept it, would have filled his pockets with 

We well recollect the site of their most what he wanted, and then driven them off 
&Tourite alfresco theatre, when they ptdd on a truck of his own impromptu construe- 
as a visit. It was a smooth patch of grass, tion, with a filtch of bacon for the body, 
at the end of the village, surrounded by and cheeses for wheels. We were half con- 
goodly horse-chesnut trees, that formed a vinced that his life was a species of perpe- 
pleasant shade from the sun, except where tual pantomime ; that he threw somersets 
his beams fell in playful and quivering into bed when he retired for the night, if 
patches upon the arena. Part of this spot indeed, he ever slept ; and that he rolled 
vas bounded by one of our old abbey wails, out in the morning with his head between 
and here was tne gallery* How lucky did his' heels, crowing and laughing as we loved 
▼e think ourselves if we could procure a to hear him. The performances usually con- 
place on this favoured elevation, after clam- eluded by a lottery, which was conducted by 
bering up the loose stones and rugged ivy the master of the rin^, and to which a chance 
that clung to it, and seat ourselves amidst of participating in its j^rizes was obtained 
tiie crowd of dirty little street boys who by the purchase of shilling tickets. Oreat 
swarmed on its summit And how well inducements were held out to entice the 
▼e were enabled to see the performance, rustics to risk their coin in the venture. A 
without being expected to give anything to leg of mutton, a small pig — nay, a watch, 
Ifr. Merryman when he came round with was sometimes the chief prize ; but we 
the money-box for the young lady who noticed that, somewhat singularly, these 
danced the hornpipe upon a very small and valuable articles were always gained by 
^lapidated platform, that looked Uke a worn- some stranger whom nobody knew. No 
out drawing-board. We have never felt the suspicion was, however, excited, and we 
same pleasure since ; not even in the cur- were perfectly content with the metal pencil- 
tained pigeon-holes of the Opera, or the case, the painted tin waiter, or the pair of 
private boxes of the great theatres. We snuffers, with which the blind goddess 
enjoyed a fidnt reminiscence of bygone favoured us. 

times one night in the gallery at Astley's, When the Mountebanks disappeared, our 

but this was far from our former sensations; greatest juvenile pleasure went with them, 

for the tawdry ceUing was above us instead For months afterwards we looked with no 

of the clear blue summer sky ; the escaping common interest and veneration upon the 

gas supplied the place of the sweet country scene of their performances, where the 

air, and the chirping of the birds in the old horses* feet had cut up a circle on the turf, 

chesnut trees was but ill supplied by the and the holes in the ground which the 

occasional catcall of some restless spectator stakes had made that enclosed the rin^ 



148 



THE MIRROR. 



seemed the links which bound us to our 
former pleasures. 

At length, a summer passed away and 
the Mountebanks came not We never saw 
them again. We thought we once recog- 
nised the merryman outside a show at Hamp- 
ton races, and we grieved that he had de- 
scended to what we deemed the illegitimate 
drama. The piece of ground was dug and 
planted with potatoes ; subsequently, it be- 
came a timber-yard, where the very trees 
were cut up that formerly enclosed it ; and 
there is now some talk in our parish of 
purchasing the lease of the ground and 
erecting a literary and Scientific Institu- 
tion thereon by subscription, to distribute 
philosophical knowledge amongst the inha- 
bitants of the village at a cheap rate, and to 
form a class for acquiring a perfect under- 
standing of the properties of polarized light, 
chrystallography, and the condensation of 
carbonic acid gas. Albert. 



THE GAME OF CHESS. 

A secret many yeeres vnseene. 
In play at chesse, who knowes the grame» 
Fint of the King, and then the Queene, 
Knight, Bishop, Rooke, and so by name. 

Of euerie Pawne I will descrie. 

The nature with the qualitie. 

The King, 

The King himselfe is haughtie care. 

Which ouerlooketh all his men. 

And when he seeth how they fare 

He steps among them now and then. 
Whom, when his foe presumes to checke. 
His sernants stand, to giue tiie necke. 

The Queene. 

The Queene is queint, and quicke conceit, 
Whidi makes mr walke which way she list. 
And rootes them vp, that lie in wtdt 
To worke her treason, ere she wist : 
Hir force is sudi against hir foes 
That whom she meetes, she ouerthrowes. 

The Knight, 

The Knight is knowledge how to fight 

Against his prince's enimies. 

He neuer makes his walke outright. 

But leaps and skips, in wilie wise. 
To take by sleight a traitrous foe. 
Might slilie seeke their ouerthrowe. ■ 

The Bishop. 

The Bishop he is wittie braine. 
That diooseth crossest pathes to pace. 
And euermore he pries with paine. 
To see who seekes him most disgraces 
Such straglers when he Andes astraie 
He takes Uiem vp, and throwes awaie. 

The Rookes. 
Tlie Rookes are reason on both sides. 
Which keepe the comer houses still. 
And warily stand to watch their tides, 
By secret art to worke their will. 
To take sometime a theefe vnseene, 
Might mischiefe meane to King or Queene. 

The Pawnee. 
The Fawne before the King, is peace. 
Which he desires to keepe at home, 
Practise, the Queene*s, which doth not cease 
Amid the woild abroad to roame, 
TO flade, and fall upon eadi foe. 
Whereas his mistres meanes to goe. 



Before Hie Knlgfat, is perill plast. 

Which he, by skipping ouergoes. 

And yet tikat Pawne can worke a cast. 

To ouerthrow his greatest foes ; 
llie Bishop's inrudence, prieng still 
Which way to worke Mb master's win. 

The Rooke's poore Pawnes, are sillie swaines. 
Which sddome serue, except by hap. 
And yet those Pawnes, can lay their traines. 
To catch a great man, in a trap : 
So that I see, sometime a groome 
May not be spared from his roome. 

The Nature of the Cheese Men. 

Ttke King is stately, looking hie ; 

The Queene doth beare like maiestie ; 

The Knight is bardie, valiant, wise : 

The Bishop prudent and precise. 
The Rookes no raungers out of rale. 
The Pawnes the pages in tiie plaie. 

Leneoy. 
Tlien rule with care, and quicke conceit, 
And fight with knowledge, as with force ; 
So beare a braine, to dash deceit. 
And worke with reason and remorse. 
Forgive a fault when young men plaie. 
So ^ue a mate, and go your way. 

And when you plaie beware of checke. 
Know how to saue and giue a necke : 
And with a checke beware of mate ; 
But cheefe, ware had I wist too late : 

Loose not the Queene, for ten to one. 

If she be lost, the game is gone. 

N. Breton^ 1638. 



REMINISCENCES OF STERNE: 

TRISTRAM SHANDY. 

The first volume of tbis once fiir-famed 
work, which consists of nine volmnes, con- 
tains the masterly dedication to the illus- 
trious Pitt The 7th chapter gives the in- 
teresting introduction of the widow (in 
great distress and silence under it) as the 
village midwife ; which the wife of the par- 
son, touched with pity, got her appointed to. 
Chap. 10 describes Sterne's own appearance 
when at Sutton *' in the several sallies about 
his parish, and in the neighbouring visits to 
the gentry who lived around him." To 
speak the truth, he never could enter a 
village but he caught the attention of both 
old and young — labour stood still as he 
passed— the bucket hung suspended in the 
middle of the well. His "meek-spirited jade 
of a broken-spirited horse was as good as 
the rider deserved, neither of them carrying 
one single ounce of flesh upon their bones." 
The nth chapter convinces us that "he 
was not an unkind-hearted man, and that he 
felt for the many comfortless scenes he was 
hourly called forth to visit." Chap. 12 
gives his celebrated anticipation of his own 
death when " Yorick*s last breath was 
hanging upon his trembling lips." Chap. 15 
has his admirable dash at the extreme 
length of his mother's marriage settlement 
Rarely has any work of an obscure author 
produced such a sensation as did Tristram 
Shandy^ on its first appearance. Its success 
was brilliant and instantaneous. Thongh 



THE MIRROR. 149 

Sterne's wit and homoar, and foitS de centra or base — and his resolute determination to 

bad been greatly admired in his neighbour- fight to the utterance against hypocrisy and 

hood of Sutton, where he resided nearly miud." There is one trait in Rabelais, when 

twenty years, yet his genius had never curate of Meudon, which may well apply to 

reached the metropolis till the first two vo- Mr. Steltee, when residing at his curacies in 

lumes of Tristram made their appearance. Yorkshire : — ** His house was always open 

They were soon in eyerybody's hands. His to the poor and wretched, whom he as- 

company was courted by the great, the lite- sisted to the utmost of his means.'' Chap, 

rary, the witty, and the gay; and it was con- 20 has his fine hit at Westminster HaU. 

sidered as a kind of honour to have passed Chap. 21 gives his remedy for ti^e eon- 

an evening with him. tinual creaking of his parlour door hinge by 

Vol. iL chap. 12 has a fine sketch of the "Three drops ofoyl with afeather and a smart 
peaceful and placid nature of My Uncle stroke of a hammer." In this same chapter 
Toby. When my father unintentionally he thus forcibly shews one what life is :— 
insulted him, " it penetrated my father to his " Inconsistent soul that man is !— languish- 
heart," and his frank and generous nature ing under wounds which he has the power 
effected their reconciliation like that of to heal I — his whole life a contradiction to his 
Brutus and Cassins. This volume contains knowledge ! — his reason, that precious gift 
the celebrated sermon on Conscience ; and of God to him — (instead of pouring in oyl) 
from p. 128 was painted Hogarth's incom- serving but to sharpen his sensibilities, — to 
parable sketch. Voltaire says of this ser- multiplv his pains and render him more 
mon : *' Ce qu'on na peutetre jamais dit de melancholy and uneasy under them ! — Poor 
mieux sur ces questions importantes, se unhappy creature, that he should do so I — 
trouve dans le livre comique de Tristram Are not the necessary causes of misery in 
Shandy, ecrit par un cure nomme Sterne ; il this life enow, but he must add voluntary 
resemble a ces petits satyres de Tantiquitd, ones to his stock of sorrow ; — struggle 
qui renfermaient des essences precieuses." against evils which cannot be avoided, and 

Vol. iii.chap. 12 gives the fine compliment submit to others, which a tenth part of the 
to Garrick's eye, and his disgusting con- trouble they create him would remove fh)m 
tempt at the cant of criticism. Chap. 19 his heart for ever ?" Chap. 33 most admir- 
thus discovers the ruling bias of his genius : ably describes Mr. Shandy's mode of re- 
"By the tombstone of Lucian — if it is in luctantly paving one part of his great-grand- 
being — if not, why then by his ashes ! by mother's jointure. Chap. 34 contains the 
the ashes of my dear Rabelais, and dearer fine apostrophe to his Uncle. 
Cervantes." In his 9th volume this absorb- Vol. iv. chap. 4 exhibits an animated 
ing passion for humour, wit, and poignant picture of Toby's kind wishes to the Cor- 
satire, again breaks out in his invocation to pond. One meets with so many touches 
the spirit of Cervantes. Some one has of nature in so many pages of this work, 
called Sterne the sarcastic and satiric that they give to his writings a charm that 
Lucian. A masterly paper on Rabelais, in is inexpressibly pleasing. Chap. 7 has a 
/raser'«ilfa^a2tneof Feb. 1840, thus speaks fine burst in praise ofGarrick. Chap. 15 
of Tristram Shandy :—**Moli4re has had contains his thoughts on sleep, " the refuge 
none to follow who can be said to bear to of the unfortunate — ^the enfranchisement of 
him even a faint resemblance. That comedy the prisoner — the downy lap of the hope- 
in which the heart of man is stripped bare less, the weary, and the broken-hearted." 
to its most secret recesses, — ^in which there Chap. 26 has an admirable attack on learned 
are passages, and scenes, and characters, sermons ; on those of the head, not of the 
▼herein the shadowing is so deep, that it heart : ** to preach, to shew the extent of 
ahnost darkens into tragedy, exists only in our reading, to parade it in the eyes of the 
the pages of him who wrote Le Misan- vulgar, with the beggarly accounts of a 
Hurope and Tartuffe, Of course, nothing little learning ; it is a dishonest use of the 
like Tristram Shandy, Don Quixote, or Thi poor single half-hour which is put into our 
Anatomy of Mekincnolyt either has appeared, hands. 'Tis not preaching the gospel, but 
or ever will appear again." In the works ourselves." 

of Rabelais there are passages, some of Vol. v. — in chap. 3 we have the sublime 

which might adorn a sermon of Bossuet ; quotation from Cicero, and the celebrated 

some add force to an harangue of Mira- letter of consolation to him, enriched with 

beau : — " Molidre, the first of all writers of thoughts on life and death ; but Sterne is 

comedy, is the literary descendant of Rabe- partly indebted to Burton for these, as Dr. 

lais, at once in his exceedingly quaint Ferrier has shewn us ; and so has Jackson 

drollery, as in his deep feeling, his solemn of Exeter in his admirable sportive chap- 

and fervent eloquence, his profound know- ter on " Literary Thieving." Chap. 12 in- 

lede^ of the human heart and all its nicest forms us that Mr. Shandy, in a tide of 

^nngs of action — ^his wit, his humour, his heroic loftiness, had written the Life of So- 

mie sense of the beautiful, the noble, and the crates the year before he left off trade in 

true—his intense hatred of all that is mean Coleman Street, which it was feared waa 



150 THE MIRROR. 

the means of hasteninff him out of it ; it marriage with the Dauphin. Sterne will 

was in manuscript, with some other tracts always render Moulins mteresting to most 

of his in the &mily, all or most of which, travellers. In a former number of The 

Mr. Sterne tells us, will be printed in due Mirror — viz. at p. 350 of No. 1034 — I made 

time. His attachment to Socrates is well an egregious blunder, for I have there ap- 

painted in chap. 13 of this fifth volume. In plied to Moulins what belongs to MontrieuL 
vol i. chap. 1 1, is a promise of another tract {To be continued,) F' 

when he and his pupil were riding at a 

prodinous rate through most parts of Eu- 
rope, and of which " a most delectable THE SHEPHERD BOY. 

narration will be given in the course of go early abroad in the dew spangled momi 

this work;** and we are promised another Poor shepherd boy, why dost thou wander forlorn? 

tract of his, in chap. 26 of vol. viii. ; and of Thy sho^ are worn out by ttie If ngto of the way. 

-* • u V 11 • u nf 4f \.^ ^',i And all tatter'd and torn is thy doublet of gray ! 
a most rich ball in chap. 27 of vol. vii. 

Chap. 16 erf this fifth volume mves us notice Nor pity me, lady, toough humble and poor j 

^Jr^r' '2^ ^ * , . " ° J M XT I wander afar o*er the mountain and moor ; 

of another work m these words : ** Wow por I am a shepherd boy, careless and free j 

far my father actually believed in the devil No mortal on earth is so happy as me. 

will be seen when I come to speak of my Though my shoes are worn out by the length of the 
father's religious notions in the progress of way, 

thU^ork" (^e may gather from chap. 11, f™l^ae'^*^l,'?f„^^ Xf °"^'* 

vol. VL, that a funeral sermon upon poor Le j^^ e^jo repnes to the voice of my song. 

Fevre had, or was intended to have been ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ .^ sometimes is rainy and cold ; 

written. Wo doubt, these were all meant whenmyfiocko*erthewide waste is penn*d in their 
to have appeared in some future continua- fold» 

tion of Tristram Shandy, had life been My labour is finishjd, my toil is forgot, 

longer spared Sterne ; and he would have ^*^ ^^^ l speed to my dear sheltered cot : 

written *'that future and dreaded page,** '^"®^^'*»*'* ^*^^ ^®*^ ^^ aflfectlonate 

which he so eloquently anticipates in vol. vL Mj^ht labour a thousand times greater beguile ; 

chap. 25. Chap. 15 has a handsome com- And methinks, while our lone roof re-echoes with 

pliment to Mr. Garrick. ^, ^^e, 

Vol. vi.-This volume has immortalized ^^ '"^'^ on earth is so happy as^e.^ ^^^^^^ 

Sterne, by his story of Le Fevre, and his 

apostrophe to the Corporal in chap. 25, on 

his following the velvet pall of his master, THE HAUNTED BRIG. 

laying his sword and scabbard with a {From an American Sailor*» Journal of his Fini 
trembling hand across his coffin ; and when Cruise.) 

Mr. Shandy inspects the lacquered plate. It was on a beautiful moonlight night* 

" twice taking his spectacles off to wipe when we were in the tropics, as I was hard 

away the dew which nature shed upon and fast in the lee of the launch, very busy 

them.** For exquisite pathos, so peculiarly sleeping, that my person was saluted and 

his own, Sterne certainly stands unrivalled, my nap cut short by a kick from old Harry 

Dr. Ferrier sayjs, his natural bias was the pa- Wilson, one of our quartermasters. ** Haul 

thetic ; and Sir Walter Scott justly remarks, your wind out of this,** said he, " you've 

*' In the power of approaclung and touch- watched the cable about long enough ; 

ing the fine feelings of the heart he has heave and weigh : I don*t care if I come to 

never been excelled, if, indeed, he has ever an anchor ;" and so saying, he took posses- 

been equalled.*' In c^ap. 31 he thus re- sion of my moorings ; but as he earned too 

verts to one whose misfortunes have long many guns for me, there was nothing to be 

caused Calais to be noticed : — ** Calais itse& said, and I quietly submitted, and prevailed 

left not a deeper scar in Mary*s heart than on him to spin a yam. 
Utrecht upon my uncle Toby.** Though The scene was in complete keeping with 

Sterne thus feelingly alludes to Mary, he the subject : the full, beautiftil, tropical 

little thought, when he twice passed through moon, shone in unclouded splendour, and 

Moulins, that in this very town a letter was old Ocean lay outstretched basking in her 

sent to the constable De Montmorency, and effulgence, lulling himself to sleep with his 

dated Moulins, Oct 18, 1548, from the own eternal anthem, *Hhe moonlight music 

father of the Dauphin of France, who was of the waves.** 

afterwards Marys husband, and which Our ship, as beautiful a sloop-of-war as 
letter contains some interesting notices of ever carried the stars and stripes, to be 

this unfortunate queen. This autograph worshipped and feared by distant lands, 

letter is preserved in No. 7 of Mr. Thorp*s was quietly ploughing her way through the 
Bihlioiheca Selectissima ; and this same almost>unraffled sur£Eice of the deep. The 
No. 7 has treasured up (some, perhaps, from wind was fair, though light, and our im- 

entire oblivion,) no less than thir^-one mense folds of spotless canvas were spread 

other tracts on the a^tated life and death before it, glistening in the moonbeams, and 

ef this queen, six of which relate to her ever and anon, crimsoned with the phos- 



THE MIRROR. 151 

phoretic illamlnation of the ocean, so com- the fo'castle, and there, sore enough, at the 
mon in the tropics. foot of the amidships-stanchion, was a dark- 




and all its endearments, to which we were matmized at sea two or three years ago, 

rapidly hastening ; for, delightful truth, and when the captain came down into the 

the sloop-of -war was ** homeward hound." fo*castle to see a sick man, one of the ring- 

Those ** who live at home at ease " can leaders killed him with an axe, and that 

form no estimate of the delicious sensations spot is where his head struck when he fell, 

caused hy those two words, in the hosom The crew rohhed the hrig and left her, and 

of the poor sailor, far away on the deep, she was picked u^ hy a States man-of-war 

In cold or heat, in storm and tempest, and taken into Philadelphia, and lay a long 

** homeward hound" is the soother of all time at the wharf, and nohody would ship 

afflictioBS, the watchword of joy. The man in her. And, I 'spose, when the owners 

at the wheel, when relieved, would say, found they couldn't get any hands for her 

*' her course is north. Jack ; homeward there, they sent her round to New York, to 

bound." Such was the state of things on man her, and so we're all sucked in !' I 

oar decks, when old Wilson, haying taken shall never forget how I felt that night, 

a fresh quid, and worked up his reckoning, I a'n't afraid of anything as long as I can 

began his yam. see it ; but to he aboard a vessel that's 

"■ It's now going on thirty odd years haunted I I can't stand that 
sioce I one day drifted along down to Pine- ** We went on for two or three days, ex- 
street wharf, in New York, and saw there pecting that something more would happen, 
a Baltimore-built brig, called the * Rising when one day, about dusk, carpenter went 
San.' She was as neat and pretty a craft down into the fo'castle to get something 
IS an old tar would wish to clap eyes on — out of his chest He was a big, hrave fel- 
clmker-built, black hull and painted ports, low, who didn't care for anythmg, and had 
▼ith long, heavy, raking masts and black said all along, that he did not l^lieve the 
yards — she looked like a real clipper : brig was haunted at all. He had not been 
thinks I, that's the stuff for trousers, so I down there but about five minutes, when 
shipped aboard of her, and the next day we we heard a little noise, as if a man was 
▼ere at sea. strangling, and trying to call for help ; and 

" For the first week we had feir winds, the next thing, we heard a yell of agony, 

and everything went on regular, but after and carpenter burst up the hatch ; his face 

that, there began to be the deuce to pay, all black, his throat black-and-blue, his 

. and no pitch hot One night, when we mouth wide open, and his eyes starting out 

▼ere sailing along with just wind enough of his head ; and looking back, as if some- 

to give her steerage-way, crash went some- thing was chasing him, he screamed out — 

•thing aloft, and a man in the top hailed the * Oh, Heavens ! he's choking me,' and fell 

iirBt-mate ; * main-yard's carried away in senseless on deck. Well, some run for one 

the slings, sir.' ' Main-yard carried away ?' thing, and some for another, and after 

growled Uie mate, * why, hang it, there is working at him a long time, he came to. 

not a cap-full of wind aloft.' * Mainyard When he was a little better, we asked him 

carried away?' said the old man, sticking what was the matter. * Why,' says he, 

hb head up the companionway ; * why, the trembling all over, * when I had got what 

devil's in the brig!' He was right I the I wanted out of my chest, I turned into 

devil was in the brig, as we found to our my berth, and, as I rolled over, I thought 

sorrow. I heard something moving in the fo'castle, 

** We tnrned-to and slung the yard again so I turned round to see who it was, when 

and got everything snug, and went on our I was knocked back into my bunk, and I 

coarse, but we didn't feel easy ; and one fdt two hands choking me, though I could 

fellow began to tell how he had heard in not see anything, and I tried to get away, 

PhUadelphia ik a brig called the Rising but I could not stir ; but, just as I begun 

Son, w^ch was haunted; but he didn't to give up, I felt something on my cheek 

think, in New York, that this was the one, like a man's cold breath, and then the hands 

and so had said nothing. Well, we were let go, and I sung out &nd run on deck.' 

talking and guessing about it, when this That was enough for us ; we all felt as if 

same fellow. Starboard Tom, sung out so we were in hell. That night no one went 

sodden, that we all jumped up as if the into the fo'castle, but we all lay on deck, in 

hrig was afire. * I say, shipmates,' says the lee of the long-boat Starboard Tom 

he, * ril tell yon how we'U know if this is had the first wheel in the mid-watch, and 

the same craft. That Philadelphia brig all the rest of us lay asleep forra'dL The 

had a red spot on the deck of her fo'castle second-mate had the deck, and was leaning 

St big as a man's head close by the stan- ove^ the weather-rail asleep, and the cap-' 

chion, amidfih^' We all run down into tain was below in the cabin. About three- 



16S THE MIRROIL 

bells, Tom thought he saw something Rising Sun sailed, and in a week we fd- 

moying, on the weather-gangway, walking lowed her. We had been out to sea about 

fore and aft, like a man on watch ; but as three weeks, and were jnst north of the 

it was dark, he could not make out what it line, when, one morning, a lookout aloft 

was; so he stood watching it, and as it sung out, 'Sail, hoi' We bore down on 

fprew plainer, it looked like a man dressed the craft, and about noon we got within 

m white, and he was so scared, that when speaking distance. She was a brig standing 

it was four bells he did not dare to call his the same way we were, with all sfdl set, 

relief, but stood looking to see what would stun'-sails on both sides, and yet she ddd 

happen. About five bells, it disappeared, not make much way. 

and Tom was getting ready to hail for his " We hailed^ her, but she said nothing; 

relief, when up came a man out of the ca- we hailed again, but still she said not a 

bin, dressed in white flannel drawers and word ; and we then saw that there were no 

shirt, and a white nightcap, and Tom men on her decks. So our captain spoke^ 

thought it was the skipper. It went to ihe says he, * They are all fast, keeping watdi 

weaker-rail, and looked into the face of below ; we'll turn them out, before the brig 

the second-mate, who was leaning there ^^s overboard.' And he sent a boat to 

asleep, and stood so for five minutes. board her, and I was one of her crew. Ai 

** * Now,' thought Tom, * stand by for soon as I ^t on her deck I knew her. She 

squalls ; the old man is going to blow up was the Rising Sun ! Everything on deck 

the second-dickey for being asleep on looked right, and she was going regidar 

watch.' enough before the wind, but there was- bo 

** Just as he thought so, the figure turned living thing to be seen. Jackets and shoes 

round and walked forra'd, and Tom stood lay knocking about decks, as they always 

looking after it, when suddenly the real do. The people's chests were aU in the 

captain stuck his head up the companion- fo'castle ; and the captain's dunnage was in 

way, and sung out, the cabin, as if he had just been writing. 

" * Tom, how do you head there ?' Nothing was taken away, nor anything Im 

** * Oh I the ghost 1' cried Tom, and fell adrift ; every rope was belayed right, and 

down in a fit ; and we had to work at him coiled up regular, and the decks were clear. 

a long time to bring him to. But things The log-book lay open in the first-mate's 

got quiet again, and the night passed off state-room, and a pen, with ink in it, lav 

without any more disturbance. athwart it, and at the end of the last day s 

" The next day, about four bells in the work (about a week before) was this — * A 

forenoon watch, the captidn called foi^ car- strange man seen on the forecastle' — and 

penter to brin^ asmall chisel into the cabin, then a mark, as if he had begun to write 

and ordered hun to make two little holes in something else. 

the panels over the head of his berth. " That was enough for us. We hauled 
Now, I believe, he had spoken to the ghost, off as quick as we could, and got aboard 
and he had told him there was money hid our own ship, and made sail to get away ; 
there, and that was what he haunted the when suddenly a tall black man appeared 
brig for. At any rate, we had no more on the fo'castle of the Rising. Sun, walked 
trouble with the ghost ; and as the captain slowly aft, and then went down into the 
was a wide-awake fellow for carrying sail, cabin. The brig gave a heavy lurch to 
he cracked away on her, so that we made port, and went down head-fo'most : and so 
the river Plate in a fortnight We dis- ended the voyages of the Haunted Brig, 
charged our cargo in Monte Video, and What became of her men nobody knew; 
load^ again with hides and horns, and the they were never heard of to this day." — 
fore-hold was stowed with horns. ^ew York Mirror, 

" We had been at Monte about six weeks, 

and were to sail in a day or two, when one „ , ^ 

day, towards dusk, I was down in the fo'- HAYDN, MOZART, & BEETHOVEN. 
castle, and as I lay in my bunk, I heard (From the German.) 

the horns in the hold rattle as if some one Mozart and Haydn, the creators of our 
was tossing them about at a great rate, present instrumental music, were the first 
Now we had stowed them as tight as they that displayed this art in its fhll glory ; he 
would wedge, and I thought the devil him- who then contemplated it with exceeding 
self could not make them fetch away ; so I love, and penetrated its inmost nature, was 
determined to see what the matter was. Beethoven. The instrumental compositions 
The next morning, when the hatches were of all these three masters breathe the same 
taken off; I looked into the fore-hold, and romantic spirit, which is founded upon the 
there the horns were wedged just as we most profound conception of the peculiarities 
left them I of this art ; but the character of their com- 

" That was enough for me, and I run positions differs considerably, 
away that day, and went aboard a ship In those of Haydn the expression of a 
bound for New York. Two days after, the child-like and serene mind predsiimuitet. 



THE MIBBOR. 



1» 



i» (rmphoniei lead oi thnnigh endl«s« 
iMD groTcs, among a Tuioiu groird of 
i*m1 and happy mortala. Yoalhs of both 
XM pan t^, gliding and windiDg in daaees ; 
■iUng children, larking behind trees and 
»eb>uh«g, throw Bowere at each other in 
mrt. It is a life foil of love and bliu, as 
Ktore the &11 of man, in eternal yonth ; no 
ifterings, no patni. bat a street, wooing, 
la^ag for the beloved being, who glides 
iray &r in the radiance of aanset ; bat as 
og as Bbe reniaios there, there is no night, 

i( she who makes hills and groves to glow. 

Hoiart introduces lu into the depths^ the 
nrld of spirita. Fear sarroands as, but with- 
it anguish, we feel rather a lengation of the 
■finite. Love and monmfiil tender feelings 
wad through the sweet voices of ipiriis ; 
■e night approaches in radiant glistening 
vple; and, withan inexpressible attraction, 
••Mdrawn auKHigtheae apparition b, which, 
bdlj inTitingni to join their circles, fly in 
anal mazy dances through the clouds. 

Beethoven's instrumental music opens for 
I the regions of the awfiil and immeasnr- 
bfe. Glowing beams shoot through the 
■A night, uid we perceive gigantic 
mIows waving np and down, encircling us 
kaer and closer, annihilating ourselves, but 
at the tweet pain of infinite longing, in 



which thou nptnret, which TOM with soniid* 
of triumph, sink and dissolve. In this pain 
of love, hope, and joy, consuming iUelf, 
hnt not oppressing oar breast under the 
weight of this flill-toned harmony of pas- 
sions, we coutiaoe to live, and became eu- 

Rotoandc taste is very rare, bat still ratco' 
is romanUc talent ; therefore there are to 
few who are able to strike that lyre, whow 
sounds unclose the wonderfiil regions of the 
romantic world. 

Haydn represents the world and himian 
nature romantically, he is therefore more 
tangible and more intelligible to the nuqoritj 
of mankind. 

Mozart del^hts in the superhuman and 
wonderful, which dwell in the inmost depths 
of the human mind. 

Beethoven's music sets in motion the lever 
of fear, horror, terror, and pain, and creates 
that infinite longing which characleriie* 
romantic art, he therefore is a pnre romantid 
composer. This accoonts perhaps for his 
not succeeding in vocal compoationi, which 
exclude the c^racter of this infinite longing 
but require a clear representation of fedinga 
expressed b; words, and which breathe a 
sensation of the inflaence of the infinit* 




vtVFRanAV r'Mtiin-'ii the Ciuque Port of Dover, and is silnate on 

FAVERSHAM CHURCH. anavigsbleinletofthe River Thames, called 

D eoonty of Kent abounds 'in architec- the Swale, which fbrms the southern bonn- 

nd antiquities of the eariiest date, and dar^of the Isle of Sheppy. It was a place 

M jncturesque character ; of vHch the of importance in the ^on times ; and was 

oezsd vignette presents an interesting anciently a part of the royal demesnes, as is 

Mmuen. evident tnaa a grant made to the See of 

Tb» town of FaTersham ia a member of Canterbtnr, bj Cenolpb, King «f Hncia, 



154 THE MIRROR. 

in 812, wherein it is styled "the Bang's interred King Stephen ; Maud, his Queen; 

little town of Faverskam. Here, about &e and Eustace, their eldest son. Gunpowder 

year 930, King Athelstan assemUed " a has been manufactured at Faversham, it is 

Wittanegemot, or Council of the Wise Men," stated, from before the reign of Queen Eli- 

" to enact laws and constitute methods for zabeth : and the Oyster Fishery, granted by 

the future observance of them." We find the King Jobn to the Abbey, is very extensive; 

subject of the Engraving thus neatly de- although it is difficult to obtain real Favers- 

scribed by Mr. Brayley, in his beautiful ham oysters in the town itsel£ 

little work, entitled Thanet and the Cinque 

Ports, voL ii. p. 126. «,»,-, ^ •rr.,^*^ , «,^ «,^^ 

« plversham CkurcH is dedicated to St. Mary of THE LITERARY WORLD.-IIL 

Charity; or, as some writers record it, to tiie the MAGAZINES FOB MARCH. 
Assumption of Our Lady of Faversham. At what 

period it was origrinally built, is unknown ; but it ** I would I had some flowers o' the spring tiist 

was certainly prior to the Norman times, when it might 

was given by the Ctonqueror to St. Augustin's Become your time of day."— SAoAEsoeore. 
Abbey, at Canterbury; together with all the tythes 

of the manor, excepting those of honey, and rent March is a Stirring month in the great 

paid in coin. Tliepr^ent Church is a spacious and ^orfd of letters : a punster would say its 

handsome fabric, bmlt pnnapaHy of flmts and ^^.^ „„«« ;«,,>i;^„ a x «.j *«, 

chalk, with stone quoins. It is in the form of a ^^ry name imphes advancement ; and a 

cross, and has a light tower at the west end, ter- would-be wit once said on a batch of doll 

minated by an octagonal spire, upwards of seventy periodicals, " Beware of the Ide(a> of 

feet high. The outer walls are supported by strong Mar-nTi " Thia n,x^^t «!«»♦ ««.♦ v,^-C^«- 

buttresses, and appear of the time of Edv4rd thi ^rch. This caveat must not, however. 

Second or Third ; but the interior parts of the nave oe extended to the uterature for the present 




which have an airy effect, have been erected since t^e year, this season of new hfe, and bean- 

that period. The lengtii of this fabric is i6o feet, tiful hope. Still the " seried" plan of publi- 

and its breadth, sixty-five : the extent of the tran- cation has become so popular — so favoured 

sept is 124 feet. At the west-end of the south aisle, t.„ ^.^^ «„w;« ♦!»«♦ «r«^«« »««««^i *:>. - 

to which it formerly opened by semi-circulai by the pubhc— that we can scarcely notice a 
arches, is a large apartment, now used as a school j tithe of the works that lie on our table, or 
and beneath it is a Crffpt, or Chapel, divided in the stand in the advertisement columns. We 
centre by tiuree colimns sustwmng drcid^ m^gt^ therefore, adjust our focus to the lead- 
Adjoining to the north side of the tower, also, is a . 1^ . ' •' ^ »« «w .«*x. »«,«.» 
square apartment fitted up with strong timbers, ^^S JViagazines — 

and ottierwise secured : this is supposed to have « That come before the swallow dares, and take 
been the tareasury, or place where the nch alter The winds of March with beauty." 
vessels, priests' vestments, &c., were anaently ^ ' 
deposited. SiockwoocTs Magazine is so various that 
The Sepulchral memorials in this Church are ^^ can scarcely find room for its epitome, 
very numerous, yet not many of them are par- x* ^,.^— _^*v ^ a^ • i» xt.*^ 
ticularly remarkable. On slabs in the chancel are J* ^pens with a flymg view of the great 
Brasses of two Vicars of Faversham, one of whom, Dourrannee kingdom — t. e., the Affghan ter- 
William Thomby^ is represented in the dress of a ritory, which is a much more interestinir 
Doctor of Laws, standing under a screen, with a J. ^ ^ readpr mav P-rnprt • ite^ 
Latin mscription, in Leonine verse, beneath his paper man me reaaer may expect .its de- 
feet j he died in the yearuos : the other displays scnptive details are excellent Next is 
thefigureof/oAnJRcrfAom*, who died in February, "A Lounge on the Sea," a very charm- 

ancient Brasses remain in different parts of this citable roulades on Anghng-a ramble m 

fabric ; several of which, in the south aisle, record May to Amwell Hill, full of fresh £mcies 

the memory of various Civil officers of Faversham j and think-cominc: thouffhts that must elad- 

the oldest is ttiat for SemantM Tonjr> who was twice j__ ^i,- i«^q-* ^3? ^„«I^ ^^^a^^ i.^-^ :- - 

Mayor, and who died in 1404. * ^^n the heart of every reader : here is a 

For a short period subsequent to the Dissolution, deughtiul burst of humour and sentiment : 

this Church had the privilege of Sanctuary, which « Go forth into the country for physic, and 

had been previously attached to the Abbey." ^^ ^^ feed— food for the mind and heart- 

Faversham is popularly known by its spiritual food— food for meditation! The 
having been the scene of the murder of contemplation of Nature is not merely a 
Thomas Ardem, by the contrivance of his luxury, it is a lesson ; Nature is not a penny 
wife Alice, on Feb. 15, 1550. This wanton magazine, nor even a penny hal^nny ma- 
was afterwards burnt at Canterbury for the gazme, embellished with cuts, and unfolded 
crime ; six of her accomplices, including for the entertainment of ignorant littie boys 
two females, were also punished with dea£ and men ; she is a vast volume of divinity, 
for the same offence ; but two others, one adorned with every grace that style, aiid 
of whom had been purposely brought from argument, and lucid order can give ; bat 
Cahus to execute the murder, escaped, not setting forth her own adornment— not 
Ardem was Mayor of Faversham in 1548. prating of herself but continually appealing 
On his murder, Lillo foimded the tragedy of upwa^, continually drawing up the heart 
Ardem of Faversham, first printed in 1592. in one outpouring song of thankfulness^ 
There was formerly an extensive Abbey at *not loUd, but deep,'— until it loses sight of 
Faversham, in the church of which were earth, and catches above the clouds glimpses 



THE MIRROR. 155 

the purity and celestial calm of an eternal a capital Number.*-£bony, at CCCV., is in 

aven I" Bat to proceed. ** Miss Biddy a green, Tigorous old age. 

lielan'8 Buaness" is an affiur of IriA T%e JJfe^n^iton is a Number of average 

moor. The " Hints to Authors " is merit in tale and trareL Mrs. Trollope 

oken off by the foUowing piece of badt- proceeds with her Blue BeUes of England ; 

oe; "Friday nig^t, 5th February, 1841, and Lord Killi-Kelly is finished. The Baths 

Tve this moment come out of the House of Lucca, the Jews, and Gibraltar, and ** Mr. 

Commons, where Macaulay has shewn Jeremy Maule and the Quakeress,** are the 

I infernal spite against authors sure of im- other principal contents. Mrs. TroUope's 

prtality, by getting the Copyright BiU paper is life-like and easy, and displays 

jeeted. Too bad in a set of fellows like much of her knowledge of character, or 

ese, to take the whole value from my rather of the crooked ways of life : she 

ritings, by hindering me from doing the decidedly bears away the bell in the Num- 

iblic out of two or three prices for my ber. The ** Memoirs of an Italian Exile** 

loks — one during my own life, and another have more of the romantic realities than are 

stBcttJa sacubruoL Not that I would give to be found elsewhere in the pages before us. 

ro-pence for my chance of an additional In the Notices of Books, extraordinary 

linea from the bookseller ; but the look of pains have been taken with a few—perhaps, 

le thing 1 think of the look of the thing 1 more than they deserve : the philosophic 

•oesn't it make you blush to see Shak- finery of Guizot's Washington is treated 

leare selling for five shillings, and all Milton with more regard to its actual merit here 

ir balf-a-crown ? If they had retained their than in most other reviews. 

,pyri^t8,orevenifa bookseller had bought ^h^ j^^ Monthly Magazine maintains 

~ thejr would have brought a very dif- j^^ Vantage ground, and numbers among its 

t price, and added proportionately to contributors the Editor, Mrs. Trollope, and 

dipityofhteratm-e Don t publish a Thomas Hood. The latter appeaiT with 

fO^^^f '"t^^'?! ^^ ^" ^^"^ ^7^ " A Friend in Need, an extravaganza after 
d Mr. Blackwood the difference inv^ue gteme.** It is, of course, weUspiced ^th 
leUr^ my copyright now and if it had ^^^ ^^ : thus, Schneiderius, a poor 
)een for ever ; I hold you responsible if you ^ fi^^ing himself, on Michaelmas-day, 
ki. The public must be punished for its ^t^out a f^ing, to buy a goose-to go 
noumess. I have great thoughts of not ^^^^^ ^^ich is considered m his trade 
rntmg anodier hue. AU the audiors m the equivalent to a fraudulent failure—in this 
House voted on our side, lathing could dilemma, happened to raise his hand to hU 
bemoredismterest^L I was offered Pettom head, as men do in any perplexity, when he 
ji I came here for eighteen-pence, the knocked off his silver-mounted "glasses.** 
bmdmg was worth two shiUings. See how ^ blessed accident I for it made Schnei^ 
Uterature is fallen even now I I expect ^^ius a happy man. The object was ob- 
people will offer us DeLorme for nothing, tained— it was chosen, haggled for, bought, 
or perhaps give us a shilling or two to the j^ked, trussed, stuffedTbasted, roaSed, 
haigarn.** ** Tlie Margate Voyage, on Wished, carved, eaten, and digested. The 
hoard of the Adelaide steamer, occurs to us next day Schneiderius told Hans, in confi- 
to be a sad wishy-washy waste of two pages; ^^^^^ ^hat "his spectacles had furnished 
< lacks the salt of wit, though the wnter IS his Michaelmas-day*8 dinner!** Hans en- 
ttangely at sea, and, we should say, fresh m ^^oseA the story, verbatim, to Kohlkopf; of 
me. •• Wordsworth is a clever critique Dusseldorf, who told Nadel, who told Fa- 
ta that "heaven-bom poets wntmgs, den, who told Knopf, who told De Lobel, 
doabdess, suggested to the author by the ^he Fleming, who told it in print to Izaak 
iceent r«action m fiivour of Wordsworth s Walton, and he told his disciples that— 5ar- 
rae. The cntic protests against the ex- nades produce geese, " Pellets for Prosers** 
eeedii^ homehness of p^se and puenlity jg scarcely a fair specimen of the wits of 
ofsubuectwhichdefece the Lyncal Ballads, ^he Athenajum Club, whence it is dated: 
sad which occamonaUy deform Words- g^iu ^ jg ^ smart satire upon our prosy 
worths more elaborate producUons; and ^^^ g^^g i^ ^ ramble upon eaith by 

It is maintained that the poet has mistaken ApoUo and Momus : 

iSectation for simplicity: perhaps our critic 

is right : he does ample justice to the re- ^^ ^^ _, ^ ^^ ^^ ^ «_ 

flec^ cast of Wordsworth's poet, in a ^« SedT P«ma««is were 

masterly analyns of the spirit of the man. And Helicon duU for the rest of the year, 

Bat the jewel of the Number is the continn- Lil^e other gay tourists, Apollo descended 

ttJOB of «* Ten Thousand a Year ** with ^^^ Momus, to visit Ws votaries here ! 

SJ^ . n laousana a x^, vnm ^^ whoever the other Gods took to amuse 

rumouse m Parliament, under |* the Bill them. 

fbr gpiving Everybody Everything ** — the They found them so learned, or so dull, or so 

YittonPetition,andsome very sly shafts at ,- * **^- *v .^ t ^v ^ 

the CdltoctirWisdom ; to wfcich succeeds '^^ SSr^cS, tt^^i""' «»«°-«^*^« 

Hi irittocnitic marriage. Altogether this is So he always took Foily to travel with him 



156 THE MIRROR. 

HavfaiK lasso'd two Pegasus ponies, they bound actors. The fonner iMtper is very readably 

„„^ **»«™ w # *-- 4 1. -*- #u. written, in a kind or keep-moying style— 

'^^tiiJff'^ ^' ^" very French. We cannot foUow "Fiflicn 

And tbns at each step flinging rainbows around and Sons," or " Charles Chesterfield ;" bodi 

tbem, which nouveUettes are, doubtless, eaceiiy 

^*^stJffi»^ ^"^ """"^ Marlborough- j^^^ ^^^ y^^ ^^ jy^ Manthhf T^UsiL 

, . . „ In the former, we find a popular folly that 

Fortunately, the rovers " scape whipping, ^j^g^ ^^ . « Scarcely any man, (and still 

and are aUowed to " sit m the shop for the j^^^ y^rely any woman,) is professedly and 

night : avowedly, even to himself, wicked. In early 

** So they got through the night; and next morning youth, when young gentlemen consider pro- 

theywander'd ^_. ^ . _„„„„^ fligacy a feather m their caps, they talk 

Throusrh all the new streets and new squares ® i."' - j' • i.» t Ili. x i_ 

they could find 5 ni^cJ* o^ proceedings m which they take I 

And though Momus his whole stock of sympathy much smaller share than they would have it 

squanders, understood they do. They like the credit 

„.^"^^^4S^*S«,2»f Sd'Sl to of dissipation, and .80. to nuiintain theb eta- 

SciKNCB, racters, actually give m to it to a certam 

But PoBSY's minarets nowhere arose ; extent This is vanity, coxcombry, or what 

And go where they would, s^ a look^defimce ^ please; but it is not wickedness." Again, 

Glared on them from some hideous statue of— /"** *!*L^ * "v- i *'"'''**"^^ ^*^_Ii! 

Pbosb !" '^^^ ^^^^ ^ "^ remark : persons " commit 

,. . ^, . ^1 crimes, but then they have such a multitude 

Here is the epigrammatic close :- ^^ ^^^^ ^^ qualifications for what thw 

" When they heard in Olympus, on what sort of h^ve done, that the crimes become in their 

The "^y had lived-and our state here on ^T^ minds— and that seriousljr and con- 

earth,— scientiously too—not only no crimes at aU, 

• But how.* cried they all, 'were thehr women so but rather actions the result of oppressias, 

o 4S?*S^K«*«..l«««««H ««««««. »«»<.« fhoii- of cruelty, neglect, or somevsuch sort of 

SnstainM but on love and on song— since their ^, . n hi- j. _.. * v At- 

Yiirth}* thing. Circumstance we suspect to be the 

But they told them— tho' Prose's attorneys were progenitor of the majority of misdeeds ; and 

bringing the world is a very old sinner, whose lift^ 

TTieir actions by dozens,— to stop every ear, „««««j;„„ *« «^«« V„o«>„ „u«„:„« i v 

That one of the SHKRiiAN Swans was stiU accordinff to some men s shewing, has be« 

siDging one round of evil, never-ending, never-mend- 

And THAT was the cause of our quiet down ing . so wags, or rather,, rolls, the world. 

^®'®'" - MeanwhUe, good reader, the sand of the 

Nimrod's " Foreign Sporting" shews us Ge- glass has run out, so that we must cut oar 

neral Washington in the field — of neace, mingled yarn of March novelties, and leave 

and in his hunting establishment at Mount you in strong suspense for a week* 

Vernon : the anecdotes are told in Nim- 

rod's usual rattling manner. " The French 

Press" is a shrewd glance at the Parisian j^tU) SoobsS. 

newspapers, which, by the way, differ from 

those of London just as French soup dif- The Spas of England, By A. B. Graa- 

fers from English : for example. Morning ville, M.D., F.K.S. 

Chronicle and Mock Turtle ; Ontrrier Fran- [Of all our writing physicians, (L e. phy^ 

^is and Potage JuUien : the majority of the sicians who write otherwise than commea- 

Parisian journals are mere paper pellets, cing ^) Dr. Granville is, perhaps, the but 

wherewith to pelt public men, and have ** a fitted to do justice to the health-giving pra* 

shy" at the ministry. Galignani's little folio perties of our much-neglected Spas, andtki 

may suit the English in Paris, sipping coffee restorative effects of our principal Sea* 

and liqueur in the cafe or the jardin ; but bathing places. He not onlv enters into tte 

such condensation would not satisfy the medicinal properties of ** ike waters," M 

Londoner, who must have his forty-eight into the rationale of recovery in adl the 

columns a day. " Don't you wish you may above cases ; and the present volume is • 

get it ?" is a sly thrust at our national follies ; capital specimen of this popular ad captm' 

the writer arguing that this slang principle dum style of book-writing. We who have 

is sufficient to rule the world : he contends entered Brighton with our head and fbet 

again and again, " that whatever occasional almost at right angles to each other, and ii 

exceptions may arise in the application of four days have paced the esplanade tbere 

* Don't you wish you may get it?' if pro- in as vertical a position as Nature ever 

perly estimated, they will only serve to intended, are in gratitude bound to respect 

prove the rule." As a contrast to this baga- our ** Sea-bathing places," and to receive 

telle, we have ^ Maria Louisa, as Duchess readily any information respecting them; 

of Parma," and ** Might against Right," a and even had we not this experience to 

romance of the Tyrolese war, by the Hon. relate. Dr. Granville's book would beaeeep- 

E. Phipps. In the latter, the Archduke table as one of pleasant yet profitable gos- 

John, Hofer, and Spechbacher, are the chief sip, and technology, diluted to the jnreragt 



THE BHRROR. 1S7 

of the frequenters of our Spas and whatever contribolioii the vistten felt diqioMd to 

ing places. The Doctor is 80 jpree- **^e has her iory quite prt. A few nrinona steps, 

Hiq^iemon, so liyely and mtelligent ^thoutaniifaicroraparapet^eaddowntoaplatfonii 

ne, that his Yolnme will do more a small terrace in front of the funons Cave, which 

I wholA nharmaGODffiia and all its *« «™*"» "O* **«®P» "^ hoUowed oat of the rock. 

I wnoie pnarmacopsia ana au iis .^le river nms a Uttle wayhelow the terrace, on 

BDtS, to the recovery of patients ; the margin of which a dwarf stone-waU, supported 

I kad them to cry ** Dyspepsia, by the sloping green bank, has been erected. By 

' and. "throw physic to the dogs !" ^^ contrivance, no access can nowbc had Jo ^e 

1^^ r^ *\.^ JL^i^^ ^«,. »* T ^«H«« Cave by the river side j nor is the spot liable to the 

lengn of the author, our London inundations to which it was previously sutject 

u of twenty-three years standing, About the middle of this terrace, chance, a short 




of which, before us, includes the to receive certain projecting parts of a human body 

n Spas from Harrogate to Leeds, — sudi a one having been found in it in a state (rf 

y-five chapters, full.of professional r'^!^'^^^^ ^^- ^^L^i 

nmcal analysis, political economy, gnj^u silver cofai was brought to light, which the 

es, and topography, anecdotes pour good old dame exhibited, but which none of our 




quibusdam cUiis" Still, the whole name of its inmate. 

to be a veritable tour, not a fireside Had such mortal remains been discovered 

(su nor a Piccadilly pedestrianism : ^ 5® P«rt°S ^^/^ ^"^l '*'^ T^^SS^ "^ 

•u, uvA a * «.v€«*iAXT ^^^ok**o«**o«* murder,— no doubt he would have made good use 

I tne experience, it not tne conso- Qf the circumstance in his extraocdhiary and very 

3f travel, and is as minute as would clever defence, by practically exemplifying his line 

Starke in the same district ; though, ^ argumoit, tiiat the braes found in St. Robert's 

A-u*,.^ ^. « i«^« *^,.^«4. A.^««TiZ Cave need not have been those of the murdered 

taking our ladjr tourist flrom the ^iBrk, but rather might have been those of some 

nt to our Spas might place her out recluse anchoret who there perished hi due course, 

lement. But ** blood will have blood ;*' and Providence 

willed it that the discovery which would have snp- 

ave only space for quoting two spe- plied an argument to the arraigned schoolmaster 

>f the very entertaming, vivacious too ^i^roag even fear the law to wi^tand (when 

Tkm r««»«^ii«»- Krwxir Vi^* r.f dtcumstantlal evidence alone directed the jury), 

l>r. UranviUe s book. * irst, ol ^^^ ^YAch would have snatched guilt flrom con- 

dign punishment, should not have taken place 

i7^j;^/*o n^ni» 7P,in4>*»^ A^/im 1 ontll long after that punishment had been failUcted, 

Robert 8 Cave,— Eugene Aram.j ^^ ^^ Shoped, afl;^ it had time to operate salu! 

lent one object alone gives an all-absorb- Warily by its sample. ^^ 

»it to Knar^borough, and attracts thither, , «▼« ^^e tiie appearance ot Bulwer»s toterejt- 

ime or other, allthe ^ters at Harrogate ^S "ovel b«rii^ the mune of the culprit, public 

r Bttlc or nothing for all the natursd and PT^^'u?^ ****^ "S^P*!! *° ^ J^**?** *" 

wonders justenumerated. A common ^^^i^^J^'''- 21™°*^"'?'*'??^^^?' 

ce, culled out of the Knaresborough New. ^V^^JS^^'^^^^^^^S^ *2 tlwt^tect, is 

^, has, of Ute years, given a degree of ^jf Ncjrison Scateherd. Esq.. who, in two wdl 

to tiiat place ^ch it hardly ^oyed ^^ "^J^°^» ^A^^^f k*^* £f^® 

16 fervid imagination of the auSbr of ?»titled, " M«noire of toe celebrated Eug^e 

J Aram" dothJd the life and death of a Aram, and the other "Gleaidngs, after Eugene 

»etter educated than the commonalty of Aram," has endeavoured to place ttie history of 

retothis country, with the charms o7his that extraordinary charactCT(for extraordinary he 

^pS. The cave, the cave. "St. Robert's SSf^iLjy.^.'^JiJ^JKSl^^ wf^^^^ 

s^e watehword of the idle visiters at ^^^S^^^ Undly feeUngs of his readers hi 

^£^o^^isffirw?^rh^s r^,f?!rste^^ 

ErS>le to the long-room of the Crown or Aram," the flwourite and only affectionate diSld of 

on. And to KnaJesborough aU the dis- S^%!!S?j£?2^**S ***i2^» ■?**j2"^ *S 

sonveyances of Harrogate are ordered for 5?\,^ ^?* ^S»^5J?®'' ^^ i ^^"^feS *^ 

^y^ ' "* fidelity, characteristic of her sex where a beloved 

r my merry friends, who had patiently °**J®*^ ^i°°!S?®**^?!S^ ?*^, ■**®°*^ ^®^ ^**^' 

d my operations and Inquiries at ttie Star- "« «Pl««» ^«» P*2S^ feeUnp. TJe compod- 

t. and whose comnany would have eiven ^^^ *^°«* S^®** credit, not only to the author's 

to the bitended eijedition. had none be- ?.«^» ^^h^ ^}^'**t' ^®i «»*^"^^ ^^ * 

o it. drove me hi todr cartage. In this " °^««1" f !^**J?*S ^^ sad lesson he ^ com. 

wed the example of the many! but not, I P!2f^,*S?J^,?5^5i5 * *S?^ J.X^ 

iUiout beinf dulv imnressed with the ^^*^^ ^ ^^^ meetings or the medical section 

ne reflects which a ^t to the scene of of toe British Association, exdaim^;ji^ 

ate, artfully managed, yet, after aU, de- t^*?^ 5if"*?5 ^^?^ ^ ^® latter,to 

Sclde, is ipttosiw^ J specially when *^rJ«^^"^£^2*i!!?^^^T ^* k- 

actha^bcSperpeSltedbyanmcUvldual ^dwhy so ? because upon a skuU deo^d to be 

mowledge made men virtuous, ought to ^^^^,S^^^ ^^SStL "^^^ *lf 1 SJ**SS? 

sn tbeUst person hi toe wartd to have whatever*-upon evidence, todeed, which Dr. Fife, 

ed such a deed. * Dr. James IngUs, who so ingeniously brought 

og the bridge over toe Nidd, which, for a forward toe subject of Eugene Aram at toe merang 

rer, narrow and not over limpid, presento in question, has since puldished a small pamphlet 

uracters of beauty as you look down upon in corroboration of his previous statements ; in 

oUow its tortuous stream until it is lost which, however, he only reiterates the same in- 

le castle cliff j a short carriage drive direct (and certainly in a court of law insufficient) 

us to a small wicker-gate, kept by an old evidence.to prove toe identity of toe skuU exhibited 

ho readily extended her pahns to receive at toe meeting. 



158 



THE MIRROR. 



erf Newcastle, said to be an able sapporter of phre- 
nology, considered to be ** neither moral ncnr legal** 
— certain particular manifestations were found 
present, and others wanting I The latter reascms, 
which I perfectly well recollect being adduced em- 
phatically at the time, it is but Justice to add, the 
learned author has disclaimed in his subsequent 
puWcadon. But assuming even tiiat the skull is 
genuine, and taking its phrenological devdop- 
ments to be as there stated, no ruffian was ever 
more deservedly hung than Eugene Aram. 

[We perceive that Dr. Granville exposes 
the fiff-femed wonder of "the Dropping 
Well at Knaresborough," as "the paltry 
farce of water, highly impregnated witn 
earthly particles, transmitted by means of 
concealed pipes, across a chasm left by the 
detaching of a bulky rock from the cliff; 
from the upper surface of which rock it is 
suffered to trickle down in an expanded 
sheet of perpendicular drops, depositing in 
its &11 on various objects exposed to its ac- 
tion, calcareous sediments, which have been 
called petrifactions.** 

Next is a piquant page on the author's 
approach to 

Brougham Hall,'] 

Penrith was perceived, seated down in a richly 
cultivated plain, with Brougham Hall a little way 
beyond that small and neat town, and the larger 
mass of modem Gothic embattled structures, called 
Lowther Castle, standing in the midst of an ex- 
tensive park, watered by the river Lowther. 

My desire to pay a visit to the Hall, which bears 
the name of the first orator of our days, was anti- 
cipated by the usual practice of the Penrith post- 
boys who conduct travellers southwards, and who 
naturally, it seems, inquire of them whether they 
will not make a short deviation to the left of the 
road, to see the venerable fabric, the woiic of 
various ages, in which occasionally resides the 
" great Chancellor ! *• 

ArUiur's round table (one of those natural fea- 
tures, by-the-by, which, like Robin Hood's cave, 
one meets everywhere in the north) stands not far 
removed from the Hall, to add to the temptation. 

The Hall, however, will not need such or any 
other adventitious allurement, in future ages, to 
become an object of pilgrimage. Like the Ch&teau 
de Vemet, Brougham Hall, when the grave shall 
have swept away pr^udices and political animosi- 
ties, will be visited by thousands eager to behold 
the ch&teau of the l^lish Voltaire; he who, to 
the encyclopedic knowledg^e and pungent wit of 
the French philosopher, Joined the impi^oned and 
flowing eloquence of Mirabeau. 

On this occasion I felt satisfied with approaching 
the building, and enjoying the prospect from its 
terrace. The venerable mother of the noble states- 
man, whose loss he has since had to deplore, was 
then lying indisposed at the Hall ; and to have 
pushed mere curiosity further at such a moment 
would have been an impertinence. The noble host, 
besides, was not in the county at the time, or to 
his lordship, as no stranger, I should have paid my 
respects ; nor did he reach the Hall until some 
days after, when that unfortunate accident oc- 
curred which had nigh deprived the senate of one 
of its most splendid ornaments. 

At an arrow's-shot length from the modem hall 
stands Brougham Castle. Placed near the con- 
fluence of two slender river-streams, one of which 
gives a title to the wealthy lord of Lowther Castle, 
— and occupying a prominent station on a gentle 
eminence above those waters,— these vestiges of 
the feudal possession of John de Veteripontt form a 
group of some interest. 



[Appended to the Yohune b ^ the trst 
part of a chemico-pieuiDatic and thermo- 
metrical table of thirty-six mineral spriogi 
visited by the author, exhibitiitf at one 
view the chemical compositioD of the wt- 
ters, their different degrees of heat, tnd 
quantity of free gaseous priiiciplefl.'* Br 
the way, although the puDUcation of thu 
work has been delaved, it has been adTsn- 
tageously so ; for the present state of the 
Continent will, doubtless, sendhome, or keep 
at home, thousands of tourists daring the 
ensuing summer and autumn, when Dr. 
GranvUle's guide-book will be put into 
pretty genertd requisition. 

The work is embellished with sevenl 
spirited sketches, engraved on wood hy 
Mr. Orrin Smith ; in which the artist has 
been admirably seconded by the printer, 
who is, indeed, a much more important co- 
operator in producing an effective represen- 
tation on wood than the public generally 
imagine. The Spas of England has likewise 
an useful skeleton map, printed on linen.] 

®bttuam. 



THE REV. JAMES MACKINLAT, D.D. 

The last Clergyman contemporary with Bum.* 

Thk Rev. James Mackinlay, D.D., was ban on 
22nd December, 1766, in the parish of Doug^ La- 
narkshire. At a very early period of his life, he 
came under tlie influence of serious impreaaioiis, 
and devoted himself to the work of the ministry. 
He entered the College of Glasgow in IJJ^, wlwre 
he studied under some of the most celebrated mea 
in their day : Professors Moir, Jardine, Reid, and 
Anderson. In 1 782, he was licensed by the Pn8> 
bytery of Ayr to preach the Gospel. On tlie 0tti of 
April, 1 786, he was ordained to the second charge of 
the parish of Kilmarnock ; and in 1809 he was pro. 
moted to the first charge. Few settlements haveem 
taken place in which tiie voice of thepeoplehasbeen 
more decidedly expressed in favour of the pie> 
senter. In 1810, he received the degree (tf DJ>. 
from the Marischal College, Aberdeen. Dodag 
the long period of nearly 55 years, to whidi hi 
ministry extended, he was most assiduous ani 
faithful in the discharge of his sacred duties. Few 
divines have ever united the same simide. umS' 
suming manners to an earnest, energetic, ani 
highly animated style of delivery in preadiiiig^ 
Every discourse shewed the deep reverential fm- 
ing, the fervent piety, that was so strong a con. 
ponent jmrt in his mental constituti(m. He loved 
to exhibit the gentler aspect of the Gospd— to 
paint the beauties of holiness, rather than the 
terrors of the law— and frequently his appeals were 
of so pathetic a nature, and oft^ so enthusiastic, 
as to leave few dry eyes among his audience, and 
take the mind captive, and carry it whitiiersoenr 
he listed. Here he shewed that the elements of 
the orator were bom with him ; and this was, in 
no small degree, the means by which he sustidaed 
so very high a degree of popularity as a preadicr 
through more than half a century. Tht poet 
Bums's boisterous satire of the Ordinaiiim 
written on the admission of the Rev. 0r. 
lay as one of the ministers of the Lai^ or Paro- 
chial Kirk in Kilmarnock. At that time, Calviidsa 
was agitated with great warmth among its pro- 
fessors. The parties were designated Old lig^t 
and New Ught. The Old Light aspired to rank 

* From a Correspondent. 



THE MIRROR/ 



159 



mrest of theCovenanters, and insisted upon 
of manners and homility of dress. The 
ht, on the othor hand, countenanced no 
r.denial, and recognised those religious 
•o stroiaously defended by Dr. Taylor of 
. Dr. Mackiulay*s discourses were always 
shed by strict CalvinisD) ^ his mind was 
f in the scriptures," bemg a laborious 
of the sacred volume. His sermons 
1 with anecdote powerfully calculated to 
! the subject ; and by the felicitous use he 
highly beautiful and poetical comparisons 
iles, combined with an earnest, fervent, 
nated delivery, his addresses from the 
icame at once eloquent and popular, and 
. him the grand protector of Calvinistic 
I in the west of Scotland ; hence the bitter 
itrain of the severe satire of the Ordina- 
ls poet also refers to this worthy father 
lurch in another of his lampoons, called 
k*8 Alarm; but, in both instances, he 
r looks upon the divine as being possessed 
I power and eloquence. There is little 
at the reverend Doctor had long since for- 
tMc poetical sallies, and regarded them as 
Ic do — mere literary curiosities. Dr. Mac- 
as the intimate friend of Bums's '* Daddy 
ixt minister of Manchline ; and it is said 
been his practice, when he called at his 
I brother's house, to shake hands, kneel 
od unite in asking a blessing from above 
ministry, and on the fiocks committed to 
u^e. Such was the truly Christian, pri- 
(nd apostolic-like practice of this good and 
,e man. On Sunday, the 7th of last month, 
hed with his usual pathos and earnestness, 
aim xciv. 19 — '*In the multitude of my 
1 within me, thy comforts delight my 
He was slightly indisposed for a few days ; 
I able to attend a funeral on the Qth. pn 
moon of the same day, he became sud- 
iw^ and on the morning of the lOth, it 
dent that his end was approaching; and, 
a struggle or a sigh, about half-past eleven 
he fell asleep in Jesus. No individual's 
was ever more universally regretted by 
regation, or has called forth stronger ma- 
suB oi sorrow from all classes in the neigh- 
d. On the day of interment, the l6th, it 
I as if the entire population of the district 
mbied to lament the loss of one, to whose 
OII8 they looked up as to those of a fath^. 
ieraMe number of the public works were 
on the day of the funeral, as a mark of 
x> the memory of the deceased ; and it is 
d that the assemblage of people present 
s no less than ten thousand ; while the 
of mourners, in their sable attire, was at 
«en hundred. The effect was most im- 
and formed a well-merited tribute to the 
of this distinguished ornament of the 
who for the long period' of fifty-five years 
aged with unwearied zeal in the service of 
er. On .tiie present mournful bereavement, 
wing elegant and eloquent elegiac has been 
by a young lady of great poetical talent : 

THE PASTOR'S DEATH. 

d are the dead who die in the Lord." — 
Rev. xiv. 13. 

T of God ! —thy warfare's o'er— well done ! 
«r the crown of bliss supreme for aye ; 
fe is o'er— the glorious victory won ! 
M star, though systems, suns decay, 
1 shall shine through endless, evdess day! 
3 thy hand diall aid the poor opprest — 
I to brighter worlds— and lead the way ;" 
tbe bum into the wounded breast : 
1c is done, and thou hast entered into rest. 

mt of the Cross !— In battle strong 
I the spirit-sword, and buffet sin — 
.'■ tower a faithful watcher long ; 
B thou'lt teach the soul her lamp to trim, 



When waning life's fUnt taper flickers dim } 
Or fiedge it on the wings of faith to fly. 
Or point from Pisgah's top to Jordan's brim — 
And clear the lens of faith, for Hope's weak eye 
To gaze where Canaan blooms with flowers that 
never die. 

No morethooy Patriarch Shepherd, lead'st thy flock 
To living waters— as the prophet led 
The desert pilgrims to the stricken rock } 
Nw feed'st them— as <m Etham's plain he fed 
With manna showers of consecrated bread. 
And niursed, with richest dew, his chosen vine. 
Thy works will follow,— blessed are the dead 
Who sleep in Jesus ;— conquering death and time. 
They, as the noontide sun, in glory ever shine. 

The many weeping hearts that mourn for thee 
Embalm thy living memory with tears — 
And thou art better from this cloud-land free, 
Where being's ageless rose no autumn sears. 
But feuleless garlands crown thy fruitful years. 
Where Sharon's rose exhales eternal bloom ; 
Bearing a seven-fold weight of golden ears. 
Thy shock of com fell ripe into the tomb ; 
And God's pure lamp has litdeath's shadowy gloom. 

Though secret rest thy deeds of mercy now. 
That day may gem thy crown with many a soul. 
When awe.struck worlds shall bend thcdr quailing 

brow. 
And stars in darkness from their drdes roll — 
And earth's proud fabrics blaze from pole to pole. 
And on her tottering throne creation reels. 
The heavens shall shrivel like a parched scroll ; 
And nature poise no more her myriad wheels. 
Till powers and principalities before Jehovah kneel. 

, Kilmamoek, Feb. 1841. M. A. 

For several years Dr. Mackinlay was the only 
surviving clergyman of the West, of whom the 
Poet Bums makes mention in his poems, wUch 
circumstance frequently attracted strangers to his 
church; to whom he was always certain to con- 
vey the highest ideas of the great, responsible, and 
important purposes of his mission. 



tSf)t 6ati)trer. 



- Japanese Pocket Handkerchiefs are neat squares 
of white paper, which, when used, are dropped 
into the sleeve, until an opportunity ofiiers of throw- 
ing them away, without soiling the house. 

Rottd-books, containing every species of informa- 
tion important to travellers, down to a very mi- 
nutely accurate table of rates, charges, and prices, 
for bearers, at inns, ferries, &c., abound in Japan. 

Japanese S/o/e.- Attached to the bed-room of 
a reigning prince in Japan is a large closet, more 
resemblu^ a cage, formed out of a comer of the 
ante-room, in which the chamberlain in attend- 
ance is condemned habitually to pass his hours 
alone— there, unseen and unobtrusive, waiting and 
watehing for his highness* commands. 

MetaUurffy.— The Japanese do not understand 
the art of separatinggold dust from sand ; astrange 
piece of ignorance in a nation whose skill in me- 
tallurgy is highly praised ! 

A dear **Ice." — In Japan, when persons go to 
SM ttie volcano of Foeri, a peasant hospitably 
oifers the traveller an entertainment, the piincipid 
djah of which is a preparation of coiAree, with snow 
from the mountain, having some resemblance to 
t^e ice-creams of Europe. The peasant's hospi- 
ttfity is rewarded by the present of a Japanese 
gold coin, called a Koban, and worth 26s. 6d. — 
jlfan. and Oust. Japanese. 

Oauging.—Oa. the occasion of Keider's second 
marriage, he found it necessary to stock his cellar 
with a few casks of vdne. When the wine mer- 
chant came to measure the casks, Keider objected 
to his method, as he made no allowance ftnr the 



160 



THE MIRROR. 



dUferent rizes of the bolgfaBir parts of Hie cask. 
From this accident, Kepler was led to stody the 
subject ot gangingr* and to write a treatise on it, 
puUidied at Unz, in l6l6, and which contains the 
earliest specimens of the modem analfsLs.— ilf or- 
tyraof Science, 

The OretU Weetem Railway, it is stated by Mr. 
Brunei, the engineer, will be opened on the 1st of 
June the whole distance. The receipts during the 
last half.year have been 153,918/. Ifit. Sd. The 
number ci passengers conveyed has been 645,481, 
and taking the aggregate mileage travelled, 
113,851,974, there has been a daUy average of 
1«D04 persons travelling the whole custance. The 
sum ctf 16,500/. was paid during the last half-year 
for coke, alone. 

A Common Error.— We are too apt to condemn 
others for their apparent dulness in understanding 
any new position in advance of their previous in- 
telligence, as the conviction of an error. Sir David 
Brewster felicitously observes, thsX " men are not 
necessarily obstinate because they dioose to display 
rooted and venerable errors, nor are they abso- 
lutely dull when they are long in understanding, 
and slow in embracing, newly discovered truths.** 

Stammering.— Wr. Bennett Lucas has performed 
at the Hosp^, in Carey-street, an operation for 
tiie cure of this defect : the patient was a managed 
30; and after the operation, which consisted in 
dividing some of the musdes of the tongue, he 
was able to pronounce with great accuracy and dis- 
tinctness many words, whidi before the operation 
he could not do ! This oi>eration, which has been 
performed in France and Germany, is said to be 
the first of the kind performed in this country. — 
Times. 

Oalileo*» Houee, at Arcetil, still remains. In 
1881, it belonged to one Signer Alimari, having 
been preserved in the state in which it was left by 
Galileo, in 17OS. 

Rum and Sugar.— In the manufacture of sugar, 
the ** skimmings, ** or «* scummings, '* as they 
are commonly called, are the impurities of the 
cane-juice, which rise to the surface, after the in- 
troduction of the temper-lime, which is thrown in 
to neutralize the add found, more or less, in the 
cane-jufce, according to the quality of the land 
upon which the plant has been grown. The '* skim- 
n^ngs** are not cmly used in the manufacture of 
rum, but they serve as food for the horses, mules, 
cattie, sheep, and pigs on a sugar estate. Molasses, 
on the other hand, is the thick and sjrrupy sub- 
stance which drains from the " new sugar,** after 
it is ** potted,** or put into hogsheads. This sub- 
stance is also given to the stock, but it is more 
profitaJtde to distil rum from it. — The Alligator. 

Oalileo.—A Dominican friar, in a furious attack 
upon the Italian philosopher, cried out sarcasti- 
cally, " Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye here 
looUng up into heaven ?** It is related of Galileo, 
that havtog vowed before the Inquisition that he 
would never again teach the doctrine of the earth*s 
motion, when he rose from his knees, he said in a 
whisper to one of his friends, **It does move, 
though.** In personal i9i>eaFBnce Galileo was 
about the middle size, and of a square-built, but 
wcU-proportioned frame. His complexion was 
fak, his eyes penetrating, and Ids hair <rf a reddish 
hue. 

Dieeouragemeni of Science.— The meanness of 
Qovemments in availing themselves of the re- 
seaiChes of men of sdence, and leaving them un- 
rewarded, is a common occurrence in our times; 
but it will exdte even less surprise than it does, if 
we glance at the fortunes of illustrious men in past 
ages. We find that on the reformation of the 
Katandar, Kepler was summoned to the IMet at 
Ratisbon, to give his opinion <m the sol^ect, upon 
whidi also he published a short essay ; bat, though 
the Government did not scruple to avail them- 
sdves of his services, yet his pension vras allowed 
to fall in arrear, and in cnrder to siqtport his 
family, he was compelled to publish an Almanac, 



suited to tiie taste of the age. " In ot 
he, <*to defray the expense of the Kgbi 
two years, I have beoi obliged to conq 
prophesying Almanac, which is scarcely 
spectable than begging, unless from its 
Emperor's credit, who abandons me en 
would suffer me to perish with hung 
this fact escaped the notice of certain ^ 
tioned persons, who, of late years, hav( 
to expose the absurdities of the eariy I 
If so, it should be immediatdy appendec 
expmition cxf the matter, so as to inform 
with whom rests the blwne. 

Mr. WyatVs Statue of the Duke of 19 
it is stated in The Times, will be the largi 
work of the kind, and is exi)ected to w( 
50 tons, and to stand about 32 feet from 1 
tal. If possible, it is to be formed entii 
cannon taken by his Grace. Tlie mot 
horse, whidi i» about half finished, is 
vrith eyes extended, and nostrils inflated, : 
with animation and vigour. The head 
of the Duke are already cast : the face 
mirable likeness. These parts of the fij 
taken the metal of a sba^le cannon. ^ 
extremities of the figure will be of soU 
the thickness graduiQly diminishing in 
parts. During his labours, Mr. Wyatt ha 
mudi valuable experience in the art of 
metal; among which are a mc^od for t 
tubes whidi supply the metal, to ascei 
they are perfectiy dear ; and a plan wtt 
tubes that causes them not only to ezp 
but also to operate as suction-tubes to t 
and promote its distribution. 

A Dutchman's Testimony to Shakspeer 
tell you, such is de powers of de ShiJLqM 
vunce saw de plays arcted in Ani^ish 
in Holland, where der was not vun pen 
de house but mjrsdf could understond it; 
was not a persons in all dat house but 1 
tears, dat is, all crying, blowing de noae, 
very moudi— couldn't onderstond vun vi 
play, yet all veeping. Such was de pm 
Shakspeer." — Mrs. Bray's Switzerland, 

French Theatres. — ^The irrdigion and : 
of the French theatres is bea>ming in 
The new favourite dance at the Theati 
ludssance transcends all tiiat has precede 
titie of this dance is ** Oalop infemai d 
Jugement /" The costumes of the dai 
their postures are copied from JH^bafl 

gicture of *' The Last Judgment.**— 3%» 
( love of art, with a vengeance.) 

Antarctic Discovery. — ^We have the gn 
to announce that Mr. Charles Enderby 
unanimously dected an Honorary Feuc 
Roval Sodety, as a distinguished mark a 
estimation in whidi that illustrious bo« 
Mr. Enderiby's eminent aid to Soatti 
covery. 

Royal Society.— The noble Freddent^ 1 
quis of Northampton, hdd his first Soin 
season, on Saturday evening, the 87tti 
comi«ny induded the elite at the sdentil 
and among the novdties exhibited, wen 
the finest Daguerrfotsrpes yet seen fax tids 

English Prejudice.— There is one tUa^ 
ford^ers must yidd the palm to us ; aa 
that some of us English beat them hoik 
dervaluing the good things that are our 
by giving foreign countries and mannen tl 
ence to those which are natural to ua. — ^Jfi 

TO CORREfiPONSENTS. 
S* Fribndlt Socibtibs.— IV. in our 

London : Published by HUGH CUNNL 
1, St. Martin's Place, Tra^gar Square i 
by all Booksellers and Newsmen.— In Pari 
the Booksellers.— In Francvobt, by Ckar> 

T. C. Savill, Printer, lOr, St. Martin's 



as^t jMit^or 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 



No. lOSO.] SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1841. [Pbice 3 




TOL. xixrn. 



162 THE MIRROR. 

THE JULY COLUMN, AT PARIS. \}^ <^f *^« '% constructed the nCToter, 

which at once forms a roof, or covering, 
By one of those strange turns of the wheel to the column and a pedestal for the bsdl 
of vicissitude, — ^bylookingatwhichtoostead- and statue; the latter representing the 
fastly men become giddy, — the French people Genius of Liberty breaking her fetters; 
have raised a memorial of one Revolution this statue, of gilt bronze,isby M. Dumont 
upon the most celebrated site of another. Within the pedestal and shaft of the column 
" The July Column," erected to perpetuate is a spiral staircase to the abacus and gal- 
the memory of the events of July, 1830, lery. The total cost of the Column is stated 
occupies the site of the Bastille, which was at 1,172,000 francs, about 47,000/. ; or up- 
taken and demolished by the Parisian po- wards of three times the cost of the York 
pulace on 14th July, 1789. To this spot Column, in St James's Park, which is 17 
also, was shifted the guillotine, from the feet less in height than the July Column. 
Place Louis XV. 

The CoUmne de JuiUet consists of a bronze 

column and stone pedestal; beneath the 

latter are four vaults, wherein are placed SIR THOMAS BROWNE'S LOVE OF 
the remains of 504 persons, who fell in the MUSIC, 

revolution of 1830 ; the foundation spanning 

the canal of St Martin. The erection of I am naturally amorous of all that is beau- 
this monument originated with M. Bavoux } tiftiL I can look a whole day with delight 
the design with M. Alayoine, in 1833, after upon a handsome picture, though it be bat 
whose death the execution was entrusted to of a horse. It is my temper, and I like it 
MM. Lenoir and Due the better, to afPect all harmony ; and sore 

The total height of the July Column in there is music even in the beauty, and in 
154 feet, being 13 feet loftier than that €i the silent note which Cupid strikes, &r 
the Place Vendome : it is similar in cha- sweeter than the sound of an instrument 
racter, yet different in construction, the For there is music wherever there is bar- 
bronze exterior of the shaft consisting of mony, order, or proportion : and thus far 
20 cylindrical bands or rings, not attadbed we may maintain the music of the spheres; 
by cramps, but fitted into each other by for all those well-ordered motions and regn- 
grooves. The capital is cast in one mma, lar paces, though they give no sound unto 
The whole of the casting is by MM. IngS the ear, yet to ue understanding they strike 
and Soyer. a note more ftdl of harmony. Whatsoever 

The general design is of ornamental cha- is harmonically composed, delights in har- 
racter, except the shaft, which, in its plain- mony ; which makes me much distrust llie 
ness, presents a remarkable contrast with symmetry of those heads which declaim 
the scenes of victory perpetuated upon the against all church music. For myseU*, not 
Vendome Column ; the Parisians wisely only from my obedience but my particular 
judging the triumphs of the Barricades at genius, I do embrace it : for even that vul- 
home to be of inferior interest to the con- gar and tavern music, which mak^ one 
quests of Napoleon abroad. The principal man merry, another mad, strikes me into a 
front of the pedestsJ, towards the Rue St. deep fit of devotion, knd a profound contein- 
Antoine, is decorated with a lion ; upon the plation of the first composer. There is 
three others are inscribed the dates " Juillet something in it of divinity more than the 
27, 28, et 29, 1830," and the following: ear discovers : it is an hieroglyphical and 
**Loi du 13 Decembre, 1830. Un monu- shadowed lesson of the whole world, and 
ment sera eleve a la memoire des evens- creatures of God ;^such a melody to the ear, 
mens de Juillet" " Loi du 9 Mars, 1833. as the whole world, well understood, would 
Ce monument sera eleve sur la place de la afford the understanding. In brief, it is a 
Bastille." " A la gloire des citoyens Fran- sensible fit of harmony, which intellectually 
^ais, qui s^arm^rent et combatirent pour le sounds in the ear of God. I will not say, 
defense des libertes publiques dans le me- with Plato, the soul is an harmony, but har- 
morables joumees des 27, 28, et 29 Juillet, monical, and hath its nearest sympathy 
1830." The lion and the pedestal are by unto music Thus some, whose temper of 
M. Barye ; and the palms and garlands, with body agrees, and humours the constitution 
which it is also embellished, are by M. Mar- of their souls, are bom poets ; though, in- 
Ixsufl Upon the shaft of the column are deed, all are naturally inclined unto 
inscribed, in gold, the names of the 504 rhythme. This made Tacitus, in the very 
** victims," whose remains are placed in the first line of his story, fall upon averse ; and 
vaults beneath. The base of the colunm Cicero, the worst of poets, but declaiming 
is a massive palm-wreath. Aroimd the for a poet, fidls, in the very first sentence, 
abacus are four ch^lren, bearing wreaths upon a perfect hexameter. — Rdigio Medki^ 
of triumph. Upon the outer line of the Part II. Sect 9, p. 57. 
abacus is fixed an elegant balustrade ; and 



THE MIRROR. 168 

THE SCIENCE OF HOSPITALITY. f^^ »° rach limitless proftision. Besides, 

the supenor nicilities at commerce, and the 

-Sasia, * C'est le vrai Amphytrioo oft Ton dine.*" improvements in the production of the gifts 

Moiiire. ^f nature and art, hy increasing the quan- 

I WAS much entertained, a few evenings tity, necessarily cause greater cheapness; 

since, with the perusal of a French work, and a piece of the finest aXk is now pro- 

lately published, on the Devoirs de FAm- duced witii less expense than the external 

^uftrion, or, as it may be rendered in Eng- roll of coarse linen that envelopes the F^gyp- 

lish, the Science of Hospitality, Although tian mummy. 

every trade and occupation, in these days But the invention of the ancients was not 
<tf improvement and grandiloquence, has confined alone to the composition of new 
been dignified with the appellation of a dishes, and devising new modes of expense 
science, and those who follow it with the in the viands to be consumed ; manner, ele- 
titles of artists and professors ; this is not gance, and taste in arrangement, had for 
an invention of modem times, but owes its Qiem an engrossing charm, and everything 
origin to remote antiquity. Though now that could delight the ear or eye was joined 
revived and cultivated with care by the to the gratifications of the palate. They 
highly imaginative and polite nation whose ushered a favourite dish into the banqnet- 
cuUnary skill far exceeds the perfection of hall with music and dancing, and prolonged 
Roman epicurism, it will be long before the repast with interludes of pantomime and 
they can equal their models in the science dramatic representations, mixed with cho- 
of hospitality ; indeed, as yet they have roses of singers and dancers, 
done nothing more than to copy after them. The vegetable and animal kin^om were 
.Who can, for a moment, compare the splen- ransacked for stimulants to excite a jaded 
door of the most expensive fites of modem appetite, and the numerous courses were 
times, with the unbounded profusion and always accompanied with a description of 
lavish prodigality of the ancients ; or con- each remarkable dish by the host, who 
tnst the paltry ten thousand pounds, which usually had some interesting anecdote or 
ii the maximum outlay of the costliest ban- amusing remark in connexion with each, 
qoets, with the hundreds of thousands, nay, As luxury increased, new and indispensable 
millions, expended at repasts in the times ceremonial rules were introduced for the 
ofthe Roman emperors? when the difficulty conduct of the guest and host, and finally a 
Isj in the concentration of sufficient ex- regular code was made of the scattered pre- 
pense in the smallest compass, and the cepts, and parasites were feasted with every 
remotest regions and the rarest specimens party to keep a strict watch and detect any 
of the animal and vegetable world were breach of the important observances among 
joined in heterogeneous union ; when a the guests ; and whosoever was reported to 
thonsand peacocks died to furnish one small the master of the house in private for any 
dish of their tongues, and pearls of immense delinquency, was thenceforward excluded 
nine were dissolved and drank in acid ; from any future participation, and lost caste 
and many other elements of expense en- among all his dining acquaintance, 
tered into the computation, and swelled the With the fall ofthe empire, and the irrup- 
amoont, till we are tempted to refuse belief, tion of the successive hordes of barbarians 
and are almost incredulous of the statements with unpronounceable names and undis- 
eren of standard historians. ciplined appetites, whose only care was 

Lord Lyttleton, in his Dialogues of the what and not how to eat, the science of 

Dead, has a humorous interview between good living vanished with the other sciences, 

Apicios and Dartineuf, celebrated gour- and the wprld existed for centuries upon 

Bands ofancient and modem times, wherein the simple elements of food, in deplorable 

the Frenchman, after telling the cause of ignorance of the various modes of permuta- 

his own death by a surfeit, is amazed to ' tion and combination. In such degenerate 

he$T from the Roman that he hung, himself days was it that King Stephen used to sit 

in despair^ upon his steward's informing in the chimney comer at Woodstock, and 

him that he had but four-score thousand scorch venison cutlets on the end of his 

pounds left in his coffers. *' Alas !*' said sword, and King Arthur carve pudding to 

the distracted Apicius, ** it is not enough his knights of the round table with " trusty 

Imt a supper !" and so he hanged himself Escalilmr -" or, as the ballad hath it, 

to avoid starvation. " Why, man !" cries « j^^ ^^g ^hen drew his shinfaig sword, 

the Parisian, **with ns you might have Most like a trencber-man, 

lived twenty years on it, and died in clover And in he plungred It to the hilt, 

liter alL Eighty thousand pounds ! Sucre When out the gravy ran." 

Dieu r The application is plain — that the Then was it that princesses made pasties 

luxury of the ancients &r outstripped that and princes cheesecakes, and captive knights 

of our times, and that the more equal dis- were solaced in their prisons by angels of 

tribution of property has taken away first light in the shape of noble maidens bearing 

tlie means, and then the inclination, to in- viands, prepared by their own |iands, to the 



164 THE MIRROR. 

objects of their sympathy. But those tames ease and as well served in a party of a hun- 

of nature and bsurbaoism have past ; now, a dred, as though he were sitting idone at the 

high-bom young lady, if there be such, table. 

would shudder at the vulgarity of being The attidnment of this desirable object 
seen in the apartment devoted to culinary will depend upon the amphytrion, the &- 
operations, to use a delicate circumlocution, shionable title of the host, taken from Mo- 
much less to contaminate her reputation litre's admirable play of the same name, 
and hands by the vile contact of substances and especially from the line selected to 
utterly unmentionable, and too gross for head this loose sketch. The amph;^on 
ethereal natures. Nay more, such is the should be acquainted with the particular 
perfection that many in modem times have tastes and predilections of his guests, keep 
attained, that eating itself is entirely dis- an anxious watch over their diminishing 
pensed with; and the philosophical observer, appetites, and solicit them vdth graceM 
if he can for a moment intermit the motion and earnest, yet not importunate and bur- 
of knife and fork, will often be edified by densome, pressing ; and, above all, be care- 
the spectacle of a row of young ladies ful that each one receive directly from him 
amusing themselves with turning over the their intended portion. He can thus cal- 
dainty tid-bits on their respective plates, culate upon the known tastes of the guests, 
with a curious eye, as if to investigate the and insure himself and them a double por- 
nature of the unknown substance before tion of pleasure. The observance of this 
them ; then sip a little water, nibble a little rule is all-important, and '* a neglect of it," 
bread, assume an air of surpassing dignity, as the French writer observes, ** leads often 
and look things unutterable upon the car- to deplorable consequences.** 
nivorous assemblage ; who, poor souls, all What bitter, secret animosities, what 
unaware of the intense wonder and horror quantities of latent bile, are engendered by 
caused by their portentous deeds, are rapidly a few accidents, mal-a-propos, which will 
reducing the hills of vegetable and animal completely destroy all convivial delight, and 
matter to a mathematical leveL But the invest the countenances of the guests with 
wonder of such a philosopher will be some- a grim, wrathful look of sullenness, ominous 
what abated, should he, by any chance, be- of future enmities and unappeasable hatred, 
hold the previous secret noon-lunch, which In the mean time, the host, all unconscious 
enables tiiem to support ethereality, and of the storm his imprudence has set a- 
recals to mind the well-known verses be- brewing, continues his efforts to please those 
ginning, to whom even courtesy is disagreeable, till 
"Violante, in the pantry," &c.i t^e gloom of the coinjpany, by a sympa- 
thetic influence, is diffused over his own 
he would then appreciate the witty saying face, and the repast, which began under the 
of a friend, who compared a fiishionable most cheering auspices, ends in mutual dis- 
lady, in a changeable silk dress, to a chame- content and ill-suppressed dissatisfaction, 
leon, an animal which was long reported to The gentlemen depart grumbling ; the la- 
feed on air, because he was too cunning to dies retreat with hearts ready to burst with 
•allow people to see him eat spite, and lips trembling with scandal, to 

** Mercy on us I" as Tristram Shandy be poured forth i^ a torrent with the tea, 

says, *' how I have digressed before begin- and the luckless amphytrion himself retires 

ning my subject !" with a sigh, as he looks at the scene of bis 

To commence : the French and Italians mishaps, and pathetically discusses with his 
were the first nations who made any pro- moping partner the reason " why every 
gress in the culinary art in the middle ages, thing went wrong ;" but either is unable to 
and they, at that early period, furnished divine the cause, and the whole is laid to 
cooks to the rest of the civilized world. By the account of fortune, who, if she be in- 
degrees the French have taken the lead, ^ deed, as the Romans represented her, a 60x0 
and now no establishment in Europe is per- fide personage, suffers oftener for the mis- 
feet without a French cook. In the code takes of mankind than for her own. The 
of regulations, recently compiled by a cele- day, in fact, becomes such a one as the 
brated ** gastronome,*^ we see the minute ancients would have marked with a black 
perfection to which everything connected stone in their Fasti, and the wiser old ladies 
with the science of good living has been of the present age cross with a pen in their 
carried, and are at a loss which to admire almanacs, and hold in worse estimation than 
most, the art or nature displayed in them ; . a sailor's Friday, placing it on a par with 
so true it is, that the most refined manners the day on which James drowned himself, 
are those which approximate nearest to the Augustus broke the gig and his neck, or 
natural ; and in the "• science of hospi- Charles ran off with the actress, 
tality." the great object of the numerous All this complication of evils may be 
and ^mingly unimportant rules is to se- avoided, as the work referred to proves, by 
cure the greatest amount of personal com- the slightest care on the part of the amphy- 
fi>rt to aU,and render a man as jnuehat trion. Whatever comes from his end. of 



THE MIRROR. 



165 



table shonld be entrusted to a servant, 
ti special directions; and each of the 
sts thus suited in their several tastes, 
. assume a look of heavenly benevolence, 
overwhelm with flattering encomiums 
fortunate giver of the feast, who, if any 
rk of human kindness remain in his bo- 
i, will be supremely happy in beholding 
cheerful hilarity he has diffused around, 
feel, for the moment at least, as if praise 
e a sufficient counterpoise to pudding, 
h a sight would prove, conclusively, that 
stomach, and not the heart, is the ci- 
il of the kindly affections, and how much 
re man enjoys himself as a gregarious 
nal than when he sits apart, like the 
itches in Byron's " Darkness," 



*' Grorging himself in gloom.' 



M. 



THE POET'S BRIDE. 

BY SOLTMAN BROWN. 

The bard had been roaming 

A wide world of sorrow, 
Nor dreamM there was coming 

So bright a to-morrow j 
For hope had been blighted. 

And Mendship mistaken. 
And love fondly plighted 

Unkindly forsaken, 
1 mem'ry was sad at the scenes of the past ; 

But Beauty befriended, 

And kindly descended, 
soushine and joy, to his bosom at last. 

The roses were flushihg 

In fragrance and blossom. 
When, bright in her blushing, 

She came to his bosom ; 
With balm in her breathing, 

And flowers in her tresses, 
In fondness bequeathing 

Her virgin caresses, 
cranes like a vision of hopeXo his bower : 

An angel of gladness. 

To banish his sadness, 
cranes like the rainbow that follows the shower. 

With throbbing emotion. 

She brought to her poet 
Her young heart's devotion. 

Resolved to bestow it ; 
For long had he woo'd her 

By streamlet and fountain. 
And often pursued her 

O'er meadow and mountain, 
satiDg his songs to the shades of the grove ; 

At first, if she spum'd them, 

Yomig Echo retum'd them, 
ranchig her heart with the music of love. 

She sought in the wild- wood 

A garland of flowers. 
Where oft, in her childhood, 

The light-footed hours, 
Yffth. music advancing. 

And joy beyond measure, 
Around her were dancing 

In innocent pleasure, 
bUtbe as the chorusing minstrels of air ; 

And oft, in her vision 

Of pleasures elysian, 
e wag of the poet enraptures her there. 

With chs^lets of roses. 
Her fingers have bound him. 

And while he reposes, 
Her white aim is round him •, 



And oft in her slnmbers 

When dreams have alarm'd her. 
She echoes the numbers 
With which he has charm'd her, 
A taltsman sore for the ills that molest ; 
And while he is keeping 
His watch o'er her sleeping, 
She smiles in the love-dream that hallows her rest. 

The bride in her beauty 

Will never forsake him. 
Nor shrink from her duty 
Whatever o'ertake lum ; 
In sorrow and weeing 

What kind words are spoken I 
His heart's in her keeping 
And cannot be broken ; 
The heart of the minstrel is safe with his bride : 
Then, poet I awaken ; 
Thou art not forsaken. 
An angel is with thee, thy pleasure and pride. 



FRIENDLY SOCIETIES.— IV. 

The principal risks of Friendly Societies 
depend on the prevalence of sickness and 
the extent of mortality among their mem- 
hers. It is evident, from the last article on 
this subject, that an error in calculating 
these risks may be, and often has been, fol- 
lowed by the most pernicious consequences. 
Venr extensive and most accurate infor- 
mation is required to place them on so stable 
a basis as to afPord security to the plan of 
a Society built on such calculated results. 
Observations made on a single locality, or 
at a very remote period, would be entirely 
inapplicable to the guidance of any Society 
whatever. In one division of London, 
twenty-one females die annually out of 
every thousand *, and no one would think 
of applying a table of mortality formed on 
observations made on that district to lives 
in another part of the metropolis, where, 
out of the same number, thirty-three die 
annually. Neither could observations made 
on the first arrondissementof Parisbe applied 
with safety to fives in the twelfth, where 
double the deaths take place out of the same 
amount of inhabitants. Considerable cau- 
tion ought, therefore, to be exercised in 
the selection of the tables upon which the 
calculation of the risks are to be made. 

The Northampton table is, by most persons, 
regarded as inaccurate ; the Carlisle table 
was formed on observations made upwards 
of fifty years since, on a very limited popu- 
lation — ^it corresponds very closely with the 
Equitable table, which was formed on very 
select lives among the upper classes ; the 
Government Annuitant's table presents too 
favourable a rate for the classes composing 
Benefit Societies; the Swedish table was 
founded on official returns of mortality 
among the whole population of Sweden and 
Finland, from the year 1755 to 1776. This, 
and many other of the best-known tables, 
being based upon the ratio of mortality iii 
mix^ classes of society, are quite inapplin 
cable to any individual class. 



166 



THE MIRROR. 



Dr. Mitchell was of opinion that the 
Swedish table was the best calculated to 
represent the chances of mortality among 
the labouring population. It ^ves the pro- 
bability of life more &yourable than the 
Northampton, and less &YOurable than the 
Carlisle table. In the First Report of the 
Select Committee of the House of Commons, 
appointed in 1825 to incjuire into the state 
of Friendly Societies, it is said that, **It 
must be owned that no extensive informa- 
tion has hitherto been collected as to the 
duration of life among the lower orders; 
and it is obvious, that neither experience 
drawn from the higher and middling classes, 
nor results taken from the army, or from 
the London hospitals, can be depended upon 
in reference to the general mass of the 
manufacturing population.*' But since the 
above opinions were given, a table has been 
formed upon the actual mortality of the 
persons composing Friendly Societies ; and, 
as Dr. Mitchell anticipated, the Swedish 
table agrees more nearly with it than any 
other. By the exertions of the Society for 
the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, whose 
labours do so much to afford to tdl classes 
of society substantial information in the 
higher walks of literature, and whose ex- 
istence may now be regarded an essential 
element in the republic of letters, returns 
were obtained from different Friendly So- 
cieties in England, for the term of five 
years, from 1823 to 1828, and in the aggre- 
gate including 24*323 years of life. The 
following will help to shew the relation of 
the table formed from these returns to other 
tables of mortality extant 





Number out of which one diet annually, by the 


At 

the Age 

of 


Swedish 
table. 


Mean of four 

tables : 

the Carlisle, 

Government -An> 

nuitauts, 
Chester (male), 

and 
Swedish (male). 


Table by the 
Society for 

the Diffasion 

of Useful 
Knowledge. 


25 
35 
45 
65 
65 
75 
85 


96-8 
79-1 
61-0 
33-6 
18-6 
9'0 
4-0 


92-8 
81-6 
68-5 
41-1 
23-3 
10-3 
6-1 


105-7 
74-1 
51*6 
34*1 
20-6 
10-4 
6-4 



The difference between the table of the 
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Know- 
ledge and the others is nothing more than 
might be expected from observations made 
upon one class of the community, while all 
classes were mixed in the communities 
which formed the basis of the other tables. 
In an article on this subject, in the West- 
minster Review, for April, 1828, it is said 
that ''The mean chances between classes 
who differ widely in their circumstances. 



or the averages formed from martality 
which obtains in large classes, are obvi- 
ously inapplicable for the safe gpoidance of 
any but institutions of great magnitude." 
£ven among the workmg classes them- 
selves, particular trades and avocations have 
a ^eat influence over tiieir mortality, li 
Yiilerm^ found that, of the workmen who 
enter the hospitals of Paris, one in eleven 
dies among the jewellers and compositors ; 
one in seven among shoemakers and brick- 
makers; one in six am<mg stonemasoni} 
one in five anK>ng common labourers ; aoi 
one in four among the poorest class of all, 
the porters, rag-merchants, and the like. 

The table of the Society for the Diffusion 
of Useful Knowledge is under greater risks 
from mortality than any other referred to, 
save the Northampton table ; but still there 
is reason to believe that in many districts 
in which Benefit Societies exist, the mor- 
tality is even higher than that table repre- 
sents. In 1837-8, the mortality of Edin- 
burgh and suburbs was one in thirty, bat in 
the city it was one in twenty-five. In Glas- 
gow, the average mortality, since 1820, has 
been one in thirty ; in 1832, one in thirtv- 
two ; and in 1837, one in twenty-five. The 
average mortality in Dundee, during the 
last seven years, was one in thirty-two an- 
nually ; whilst the average annual mortality 
of England and Wales, was one in forty- 
seven ; over all Scotland, one in forty-five ; 
and in the healthiest and best conditioned 
districts, so low as one in fifty-one and 
fifty-five. Here, then, in these cities re- 
ferred to, the mortality is, at least, one- 
fourth more than over the kingdom gene- 
rally. It may be safely affirmed, that in 
these, and many other of the manu^susturing 
cities of the empire, the absolute mortality 
of the working classes is greater than that 
represented by the tables of the Society for 
the Diffusion of Useful Ejiowledge; and 
that any attempt at conducting a Benefit 
Club on a more favourable ratio would he 
extremely imprudent, can only end in the 
ruin of the Society, and in the disappoint- 
ment and destitution of its members. 

The reasons now assigned for giving 
preference to the Mortality taUe of the 
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Know- 
ledge, may also be adduced in favour of the 
Sickness table got up under the superin- 
tendence of the same body. For the con- 
struction of both tables, we are indebted to 
that able and accurate calculator, Mr. An- 
sell, of the Atlas Assurance 0£Bice. The 
only other sickness tables of any importance 
are, that drawn up under the Highland 
Society, that resulting from the sickness of 
the labourers in the service of the East India 
Company, and that given by the Factory 
Commissioners. WiUi respect to the first 
of these tables, it was formed on returns pro- 
cured from seventy-nine Benefit Societies 



THE MIRROR. 



ler 



Hand, and in some instances extended 
back as the ^ear 1750. This table, 
gh got np with considerable care, 
t be depended npon as exhibiting the 
imcmnt of sickness experienced at the 
kt time. Society is more complex in 
meter than formerly; and observa- 
nade in the agricultural and country 
!ts can never be safely applied to the 
lee of societies in urban and manu£ftc- 
- communities. Mr. Gale remarks 
the same table, that ** it could not be 
npon, eyeu for ordinary purposes, 
afety." Again, the Select Committee 
House of Commons, before referred 
Id place no confidence in the Highland 
y's table, and, on mere hypothesis, 
id one which gave a much higher 
it of sickness. As to the two remain- 
tdes, they were formed on such classes, 
a peculiar circumstances, as to be 
Loable to general use. But, in order 
lYey an idea of the relation of these 
to each other with respect to the 
t of sickness, we present the following 



f the Table. 



idSodetjr. 
idia Com ^ 

^ Com- \ 
oners . . / 
for the"^ 
don of 
li Know- 



Period of 

Life 

extending 

from the 

Age of 



Average 
Amount of 

Sickness 
experienced 
daring that 

Period. 



Averare 
Yearly 

Sickness 
in the 
same 

I||riod. 



20 to 60 



t* 



»f »♦ 



•f 



Mon. Days. 
12 17 



7 
9 

13 



10 

7 
18 



Days. 

7 
10 



m the above it ap^ars that the amount 
(kness given in the tables of the 
md Society comes closer to that in 
tble of the Society for the Difi^ion 
efdl Knowledge, than either of the 
; and that between the ages of twenty 
xtY, the average annual sickness dif- 
f only one day. 

J «• Practical Society," of which the 
tide on this subject contained a plan, 
ord, of its actual experience over a 
of thirty-five years, had its contribu- 
ind benefits graduated to the table of 
ighland Society. But what was the 
of that experience ? Its funds had be- 
inadequate to meet all the benefits 
I — ^its members were impelled to pro- 
reduction in the scale of aliment ; or, 
ler words, the Society experienced a 
r amount of sickness than that table 
tes; shewing the greater security 
must result to Benefit Clubs, by 
founded on the tables of higher risks. 



giyen by the Society for the Diffusion of 
Usefbl Knowledge. 

Another important feattire in these tables 
is, the distribution of the sickness : for ex* 
ample, two different tables may exhilnt 
the same amount of sickness over a given 
period of years, and still require very dif- 
ferent contributions to provide against the 
risks attendant on that siclmess. Suppose 
one of the tables to have a greater quantity 
of sickness in the latter period of fife, bnt 
less in the earlier stages ; then, this table 
would require smaller payments than llie 
other ; because, few demands will be made 
upon it in the early stages of life, and 
accumulations firom interest would of them- 
selves form a capital to meet a large amount 
of subsequent risks. But if, as in tiie other 
table, the amount of sickness were more 
equally distributed over the given period of 
life, these accumulations would be lost ; its 
funds, in consequence, diminished ; its risks 
augmented; and that it might be equally 
secure with the other, it must proceed upon 
a higher graduation of contributions, ^w, 
the tables of the Society for the Diffusion 
of Usefhl Knowledge and of the Highland 
Society, as well as differing in amount, also 
differ in the distribution of the sickness. 
The latter has its sickness graduated more 
to the advanced periods of life. It con- 
sequently follows, that any Society based 
upon tms table would suffer from two 
causes, — ^too. low an amount of sickness, 
and deferring that sickness to too distant a 
period of life. 

The founders of Friendly Societies ought 
to keep in view another circumstance of 
great moment: their members are fre^ 
quently very great sufferers in epideniic 
seasons. ** The mortality of fever is most 
frequent where it is most injurious — in men 
advanced in life, the heads and supports of 
families." In such calamitous seasons, al- 
though the absolute mortality of a whole 
community be very little increased, the 
deaths in the ranks of Benefit Societies may 
be unusually great It is not to be thought, 
that the tables given by the Society for the 
Diffusion of tiseful Knowledge represent 
the true ratio of sickness and mortality: 
much additional information is still needed ; 
but there is every reason to believe that, in 
the manu&cturing districts, at least, sick- 
ness is experienced to fully as great an ex- 
tent; and under present circumstances, 
security is to be expected fbr those Societies 
only which have their contributions and 
benefits not below the scale, to which those 
tables are graduated. 

Friendly Societies stand to the mass of 
the labouring classes in the same relation 
that the learned Societies do to the reading 
community. The diffusion of wealth, the 
effect of artificial wants, and the taste for the 
elegances of life among Uie ranks of Benefit 



168 THE MIRROR. 

Societies, resulting from habits of fru- spun silk, which loss fell altogether upon 
gality, will gradually extend to ie whole of himself, the Japanese knowing nothing of 
the lower orders of the community. The insurance. Notwithstanding this, he sent 
continual eflfort of a large portion of the forty of his servants to assist during the 
people to add to their capital and better fire ; and the second day after, he began 
theu* condition, will do much to alter the rebuilding his premises, and paying the car- 
habits of the country. From those prin- PJ'Dters at the rate of 10«. (English) a- day. 
ciples of prudence and foresight being trans- This will doubtless astonish the London 
mitted to their children ; those views of life *' warehousemen." Yet, fires are so common 
which lead to more rational sources of en- at Yedo, that a fine night never passes with- 
joyment; those desires for the comforts and out one; and as they are less frequent 
luxuries which habitual industry affords ; during rain, a lowering evening is a subject 
and from those feelings of independence and of mutual congratulation to the Yedoites. 
superiority, inseparable from a well-regu- What a treat would be to them an English 
lated life, engrafted on the succeeding gene- April or July 1 

rations, — ^will arise a structure of universal The court of Yedo has many odd cere- 

and progressive improvement. monies. The Zigoon^ or emperor, dresses 

N. P. G. F. precisely like one of his subjects ; one of the 

state-councillors shouts out the name of the 

introduced person, and a pull of the cloak 

LONDON NEWSPAPERS. denotes the audience to be over, the whole 

ceremony not occupying a minute : mean- 

The Parliamentary Return of the Number ^jj^e, the strangers touch the floor with 

of Newspaper Stamps issued from the 1st of their heads, and nothing is heard but the 

October to the 31st of December, 1840, is buzzing sound used by the Japanese to ex- 

as follows : press profound veneration. 

The Times 1,310,000 Visitors are usually received by a secre- 

The Morning Chronicle . . 522,000 tary, and entertained with tea and confec- 

The Mommg Herald . . . 421,000 ♦;^^™ rru^ !«♦♦«« := ««♦ ^^^« ;« «r.x^«« 

The MominI Post . . . . 280,000 tionary. The latter is set down m wooden 

trays, but not touched ; it is neatly folded 

The above period includes 92 days, from ^p in paper, secured with gold or silver 

which deduct 13 (Sundays), and the number cord, and carried in lackered bowls to the 

of week-days will be 79, giving to each visitors' lodgings. The Dutch deputation 

paper the following daily circulation : — had the irksome task of writing with red 

The Times i6,582 lead upon several sheets of paper, which, 

^e Morning Chronicle . . . 6,6o7 after the fatigues of the day, together with 

?£e MoSSI ?o^.' : : : : klf^ the inconvenTence of sitting on the ground, 

became almost intolerable. The Dutch pre- 

Total circulation of four i 32,062 sident gave each bearer of gifts a present of 

Morning Papers . . / ' sweetmeats, a paper of Dutch tobacco, and 

two gilt pipes. 

The mikadoj or supreme sovereign of 

JAl'ANJj.bb CUblUMb. Ymn^ descended in'a direct Une from the 

By aid of the very miscellaneous and enter- gods, and being still identified with them, 

taining work, just published, entitled the the spirit of the sun goddess, the deity who 

Manners and Customs of the Japanese, we rules over the universe. This dignity is 

are enabled to present the reader with the made a plea for depriving the autocrat of 

following traits of one of the most inter- his power. Worldly affairs are represented 

jesting yet least-known people in the world, to be so wholly undeserving the attention 

It is singular to find that the Japanese of this successor of the gods, that his bestow- 
pnests bury the Dutch residents with the ing a thought on them would degrade him, 
same rites as their own countrymen; and even were it not actual profanation. Ac- 
take the same care of his grave and monu- cordingly, no act of business is submitted 
ment as though he had been their fellow- to him, no act of sovereignty is performed 
religionist This is a trait of toleration, by him, that has not a religious character, 
which is worthy of imitation in more refined He deifies or canonizes men after death — 
countries than Japan. the ziogoon, or vicegerent, pointing out the 

At Yedo, the capital, resides a rich silk- dead who are worthy of apotheosis. He 
mercer, who has shops in all the great determines the days on which certain move- 
towns of the empire. During Deoff 's stay able religious festivals are to be celebrated, 
at Yedo, there occurred a tremendous fire, and he settles the colours appropriate to 
which lay everything in ashes over an area evil spirits. " And one other governing 
of about 3 J leases by H. This wealthy act, if act it may be called, he daily per- 
merchant lost his whole shop, and a ware- forms, which should prove him to be, in 
house contiuning upwards of 100,000 lbs. of virtue of his partial identification with the 



THE mirror; 169 

sun goddess," quite as much the patron of ha^ no sense of honour; 'and, as a com- 

divinity as the soverei^ of Japan. He nion consequence of being despised, the 

every day passes a certiun number of hours Japanese actors are said to be notoriously 

upon his throne, immovable, lest by turning immoral and licentious, 
his head he should bring down ruin upon 

that part of the empire to or from -which he 

should look ; by tMs immobility maintain- 
ing the whole realm's tranquillity and sta- THE LITERARY WORLD. — IV. 

bihty. When he has sat the requisite ,^ magazines foe march. 
number of hours, he resigns his place to his 

crown, which continues upon the throne Revenir a nos moutons, let us take a peep at 
as his substitute during the reminder of the Blackwood of the West, with its vignette 
the day and night" Nothing can exceed of Queen Elizabeth, its emblematic harps, 
the care taken of the mikado's person : that and wreaths of shamrock — the Dublin Uni' 
his sacred foot may not touch the ground, versity Magazine — xcix. It opens with a 
he never moves but borne upon men's masterly analysis of Guizot's nashington, 
shoulders. That unhallowed eyes may not ** a work which, while it reviews the prin- 
pollute him with a glance, he never quits ciples and opinions of the great leader of 
the precincts of his palace. According to the American Revolution, makes known" 
most reports, neither his hair, beard, nor those of Guizot himself: **a subject so 
Bails are ever cut, that his sacred person large — embracing a retrospect of such in- 
may not be mutilated; though Klaproth fluential times — is well calculated to ex- 
informs us that the above offices are per- hibit the peculiar characters of M. Guizot's 
formed during the mikadoes sleep, and are mind, — his remarkable powers of gene- 
called ** stealing his nails and hair." Every- ralization and arrangement, — the industry 
thing about him must be incessantly new ! which makes him master of a subject, and 
he never wears an article of dress a second the skill which, avoiding all detail, enables 
time ; and the plates and dishes, cups and him to present in bold relief everything 
bowls, are new at every meal, as are the that appears to be worth remembering." 
saacepans, &c. ; and to wear or use these This we take to be the characteristic faculty 
articles would call down the vengeance of of a first-rate mind. In the Portrait-gallery 
Heaven : to prevent all risk, they are torn, hangs a capital whole-length of Mr. O'Con- 
broken, or otherwise destroyed. He is, nell : the slouched hat, the curly wig, and 
accordingly, an expensive officer to main- leer of conviction, are admirably given in 
tarn ; though the Japanese economize the this etching, sparkling and spirited as it is, 
matter by supplying their mikado (? make- although the great Original eschews cer- 
it-do) with articles of the very cheapest and tain creature comforts. We have not time 
coarsest description. When the mikado dies, to take up the thread of " The Misfortunes of 
be is said to have vanished : ** indeed, in Barney Branagan," and so pass on to " Dra- 
what other terms could the decease of so matic Doings," a sort of medley of theatrical 
divine a person be mentioned?" He has anecdotes, by no means remarkable for their 
twelve lawful wives, and is the only indi- novelty or truth : thev require passing 
vidual indulged, if indulgence it be, with through the editorial sieve ; the story of 
polygamy. Maurice Bamett and Bunn is a very stale 
A Japanese theatre has a pit, and three a£^ir, and the narrator has not hit the 
tiers of seats, like the boxes of European point, which is, that Barnett never mistook 
theatres^ The pieces are mostly historical himself for a general actor, but studied for 
and traditional, with few love-adventures. '* Frenchmen, in which line he has no 
Hiey " get up" plays very accurately : one rival on the stage. The scandal about the 
of their representations of punishment by Literary Gazette, though contradicted by 
torture is described as " astoundingly cruel the Editor, ought not to have appeared 
—terrific enough for our Surrey or Victoria in print : it is one of the " weak inventions" 
audiences. More than two persons are sel- of a day long past. Yet, the writer has 
dom seen upon the stage at once : Hamlet's considerable graphic power, as in the fol- 
advice is altogether scorned ; the best actors lowing sketch : " How mistaken had I been, 
ranting for half an hour together : but the I had always imagined the Green-room was 
chief perfection is, that one actor should a luxurious chamber, adapted by every 
perform several different characters in the luxury of furniture and taste to receive the 
same piece. There are no actresses in gay and gaudily-dressed beings who here 
Japan; the female characters being per- resort. It is in this room alone that the 
formed by boys. Actors, although extra- clown shakes hands with the Queen, and 
vagantly remunerated, are held in utter his satanic majesty is graciously pleased to 
contempt, from the idea that ** the man flirt with " angels robed in white :" the 
^ho will temporarily renounce his own lord, in every-day costume, is snubbed by 
character, and assume one foreign to his his coachman's daughter, bedizened in ail 
i^ature for the amusement of others, can the glory of a ballet-girl, and the pale 



170 THE MIRROR. 

ghost of Hamlet's royal fkther starts back niniis, as a relief to the dry dost of Coke 
with affright at the dianee entrance of some upon Littleton. Sordy Roman roads can be 
heavy cr^tor. In Dniry-lane tiiere are but a slight change from the labour of Con- 
two green-rooms ; the right to enter which Teyancmg. 

is the line of aristocracy strictly drawn 7^ Monthly CknmeU is more Hterary 
according to the salary of the performer, than nsaaL ** The Unactable Drama" is a 
A husband and wife are sometimes dius clever title for a review of two dramatie 
divided, and compelled to move in different poems, Vivia Perpetua and the Hvngarim 
circles. (We suspect this to be not so jDaughter, and an attempt to pick the Bra- 
general a grievance as the writer seems to mah lock of theatrical mcmopoly. The fight 
imagine.) The first of these chambers is appears to be a very unprofitable one : the 
a large bare place, something like a billiard- (xntis have it all their own way, yet nothing 
room without a table ; a row of benches comes of their victory, except a piece n 
running around, on which the actresses sit, plate presented by a clown to a senator, 
stuck up in all the fears of gown-spoiling, who is as pleasant in St Stephen's as in the 
either by sitting down on their splendid Green-room. The reviewer deplores the 
stage-dresses, or injuring them by coming loss of ** the old English drama," yet, surely, 
in contact with the green-washed walls, we are falling back upon it with some soc- 
or dusty denuded floors. The shabbiness cess; for there has been as much money 
of the locale^ the dull air which reigned, made of late at Covent-Garden as in the 
and the extraordinary contrast between Haymarket There may be good in this 
the plain-coated lounger, the ill-dressed agitation of the unacted and the unactable ; 
duennas, and the gaudy performers of the but, the horse and the water, the play and 
night, struck me as the strangest ensemble the people — one man may write a play, bat 
I had ever met with." In the review of one hundred cannot compel persons to go 
Taylor's Natural History of Society are and see it ** Sketches of Spanish Geiw- 
some very fair remarks, shewing that Ire- rals" — Mina is very life-like and clever, 
land contributes something more lasting ** National Education" is brief and pithy, 
than linens, clothes, or agitation — ^namely. The tales are, ** The Careless Word," anid 
literature : " from Moore to Maginn, from ** The Wager." From, the poetry we select 
Croly to Croker, they are all, in their the following : — 

various ways Mid calling calcjJated to do ,, blessed BE GOD FOR FLOWERS !•• 

credit to the home-growth. The part of ,„ , ^ . . • , , 

the . Irishman in London' has b«en respect- '^^':?«%^7f^VSfSt»^**'B^ 

ably performed by them alL But, the Charles Tinsley.) 

" great gun" of this Magazine is Harry Blessed be God for flowers I 

Lorrequer, with his "Charles O'Malley, For the bright, gentle, holy thougrhts, that breathe 

the Irish Dragoon," which is of such at- From out their odorous beauty, like a wreath 

tractive merit as to make our best nauveUetU ^^ sunshine on life's hours ! 

writers look to their laurels. Lightly upon thine eye 

TA^ /~v>»..w.aM.^«>« x>rr.^^*.v.^ ».,•«,■.<>.« Ua Hath fallen the noontide sleep, my joyous bird J 
The Gentleman 8 Magazine ^wreaes Its Andthroughthypartedlipsthebreiith,icarceheid. 
long-beaten track, without bemg jostled by Comes like a summer righ. 
its livelier contemporaries; and Sylvanus Of the flowers: 
Urban is as verdant as ever, whilst London Prize them wen, my child- 
has lost many a sweet shady side. The The bright, young, blooming things that never die, 

most striking papers in this Number are on ^"^^^"V^o^S^^^y'iSl'l^' **^ ^® 

the pamphlet recently discovered in the 

British Museum, which throws some light This is, altogether, a well-sustained number. 

upon the vaiihonhip of Junius^s Letters : i.e., We have glanced at No. I. of the work 
althoi^h it does not settle the identity, it somewhat mystically entitled ZoiMfon, whidi 
gets rid of the claims of Sir Philip Junius appears to be of the omniana interest pro- 
and Lord George Sackville ; and the writer mised by the prospectus. This section is 
of this paper is of opinion that "Junius" devoted to " The Silent Highway," Le., the 
must not be sought among the practical Thames ; although this is not a very feH- 
statesmen of the time ; in short, that he is citous name for the most crowded river b 
by no means so great a person as the world the world — A-om its 40,000 watermen of 
have held him to be. Thus, vulgar wonders old to its fleet of little steam-b<Mits in our 
disappear one by one. " A Visit to Conway own time. It is true that in past ages the 
Castle," in this Number, is a good specimen Thames was the highway of the metro- 
of a style much in reqmsition in this mat- polls ; but we know not at what period of 
ter-of-fact age : it is accurate without being its history it could have been silent How- 
dry ; and amusiflfg, but not superficial. As ever, this title may be a poetical licence, 
an instance of the variety of pursuits which The present Number is a pleasant descrip- 
may be termed recreation, we notice among tion of the Thames, commencing with the 
the correspondence, a Solicitor, in the conn- meeting of Richard II. and Gower, and the 
try, writing on the Seventh Year of Anto- origin of the Confessio Amantisj and ending 



THE MIRROR. 171 

Mftdon and Westminster steamers at trian offices attached to Bnckinghem Palace, 

rfofld Stairs. The interval is occu- The gleanings of a leisure hoar passed, a 

iih amusing anecdotes of the earlj few days nnce, in that princely establish* 

ports, as the quintain and touma- ment, will not be inappn^riate to the de* 

from Fitz-Stephen ; then Fabyan's sign of these pages. 

sle of Norman, the first Lord Mayor A ticket from the Master of the Horse 

IS *• rowed to Westminster by water ;** (which, I beUeve, may be obtained without 

▼ariety.of graphic anecdotes of the difflcul^) is essential to entitle the visitor 

the river as the common hk^hway of to admission : the entrance is in Queen's* 

D, from Stow, Hall, Howel, Taylor row, Pimlico, at the rear of the Palace. 

iTater-poet), and other popular anti- On presenting my credentials there, the 

n writers ; and from D*Avenant and gates were opened by the porter (I pre- 

agreeable gossips ; concluding with sume), dressed in a groom's suit of scarlet 

oUtor's own description of a steam- and gold, who, pointing out the Master of 

rip from London Bridge to Hunger- the Horse's office, requested me to make 

tairs. The reader will perceive that my wishes known there, in a brogue as 

■esent work will not be a history of racy and sonorous as if it had escaped from 

01 : still, confusion of dates should be the bosom of a bog, in the kingdom of 

d ; for example, at p. 3 we are told Connemara. In the office, to which my 

its-Stephen died in 1191 ; and, in the directions carried me, there was a most 




antiquarians for antiquaries, m a Christian lomc, if I were capabU 

iqnarian writers, in the above page is acting^ as my own guide, and receiving a 

mon error of the day. The present reply in the negative, forthwith preceded 

8r is embellished with six engrav- to shew the way. We first entered the 

the least praiseworthy of which is riding-school, of which I can only cxmrey 

gerfbrd Stairs,** which wants identity : an idea to those accustomed to the ordinary 

laid II. and Gower," with the reputed buildings so called, bv stating that it is a 

view of London, on the other hand, sort of slated line of country that a man 

; high commendation for its pictu- might hunt in. At the 'first sight, the ex- 

sness and accuracy. travagant length gives it the appearance of 

Astley Cooper has left ample mate- being narrow, but the effect soon wears offi 

for a Memoir of his important life. What a blessed thing it is to be bom with a 

i will be speedily arranged for pub- silver spoon ; . . . . but I bargained for im- 

m. pressions, not digressions. There were two 

■ horses in the vast expanse, one waiting for 

his turn ; the other, a young bay Arab, 

THE ROYAL STUD. receiving his lesson from a foreigner, who, 

,*a .J j-r *t. o f n--^^.^ I undcrstood, wBS " geutlcmau ridcr.*' The 

[OUGH this phrase is certainly not fail to attract an English eye. It consisted 

ically appropriate to the sense in of a blue semi-uniform coat, buttoned up to 

1 it is here used, it is the most concise the throat, leathers, and jack-boots, 
oitable form of words which our Ian- Leaving the riding- school, we entered 

J affords to signify the equestrian stable No. 1 ; which, with No. 2 adjoining 

lishment devoted to the private ^ur- it, contained ten ladies' saddle-horses, six 

and state occasions of thesovereign. of which have been ridden by Her Mi^esty. 

I the earliest ages of society, chariots Here and there a promising young one 

orses have formed the most striking mingled with the aged favourites, who ex- 

id in the pomp and circumstance of hibited the never-failing tokens of years, 

and princes. In the present day, despite the otium cum dignitate in which 

ind is the source whence the four they reposed. The rose of the wreal^ was 

ers of the world are supplied with the Queen's present favourite ffrey— cer* 

hereditary appliances or royal pa- tainly a noble sample of the Enghsh riding- 
try. Where, then, should we look for horses. He had just returned from exercise 

m the most entire and faultless per- in the school, and looked brilliantly, though 

»ii, but in the train of a monarch of somewhat corpulent. Notwithstanding &e 

and? For a long period, previous to frosty air from which we had passed into 

aprovements in the vicinity of Charing these stables, there was no apparent heat felt 

B, the horses used on state occasions in entering them. The temperature was very 

l^ed the building known as the Royal moderate, compared with that common to 

rs, which covered a portion of the site stables where horses are required to be kept 

« present Trafalgar-square. The whole in condition for the eye. I inquired of the 

be royal stud and equipages are now groom who appeared to have tiie manage- 

sentrated in the splendid pile of eques- ment, what might be the degree at which 



172 THE MIRROR. 

it wa9 regulated : to my surprise, he told we are told, were a match for thie best of 
me they had no thermometer, but opened their steeds in speed,; there is hardly a boy 
or shut the windows as they deemed it in the metropolis, in the full enjoyment of 
convenient to make it warmer or colder, his faculties, that I would not back against 
Stables Nos. 3 and 4 were occupied by the pick of the Hanoverians, from Bucking- 
gentlemen's saddle-horses and hacks, and ham Palace to the Horse Guards. The 
tiiere were some clever animals among them, condition of the dun horses was as perfect 
looking fit for use. In No. 5 were several as coul^ be, for their design. They were 
servants* hacks, and in No. 6 the grey fat and sleek, and evidenUy in excellent 
phaeton ponies, eight altogether ; the team health. Not so, however, their black com- 
of four skew-balds being at Windsor. These patriots : in many instances these were af- 
were a beautiful lot, matched in size,* tint, fected with cracked heels and swollen legs, 
and character, as if they had been made to and looked in every way below the mark, 
order, and all over stamped with the certi- It is not my business to offer any observa- 
ficate of pace and style. Few people but tions on this fact. The attendants told me 
have seen them in the royal cortege at they were infinitely more prone to affections 
Ascot race-course, and none can have seen of the extremities than those of a lighter 
and not admired. colour ; had they been in my stables, with 

The road-teams, appropriated to the all appliances of leisure, means, and con- 
Master of the Horse, stood in No. 7, a fine venience for promoting health and condi- 
slashing lot, every one over sixteen hands, tion, I think I would have contrived that it 
and with substance to suit. They certainly should have been ordered otherwise. Some 
looked more like work than any I saw in the of the royal carriage-horses ai^ gigantic, 
royal stables ; but truth compels me to say, I measured one of the blacks, who stood 
they would not bear comparison with the seventeen hands one inch and a quarter; 
celebrated road-horses of George IV. and they have a rat-tailed bay who is up- 

The state harness-room was a right royal wards of eighteen hands, 
spectacle; on the left, as you enter, is the In the carriage department everything was 
state-harness made for her present Majesty, perfect. The general strength is forty car- 
It is of red morocco, for eight horses, and riages of every description; but there were 
magnificently mounted witih massive gilt not so many in the Royal Mews when I in- 
furniture. The prodigality of the mount- spected them. There were two belonging 
ing, indeed, may be gathered from the fact, to the King, of the Belgians, built abroad, 
that the harness for each horse weighs a and if the manufacturers had been present, 
hundred weight Beyond it hangs the state- I should have asked them what they thought 
harness made for George IV., when Regent of our way of doing things in the " tight 
It is of purple. morocco, of more subdued little island." After the state-coach (to 
splendour than the modem set, but, in my which we shall come presently) the most 
mind, certainly not less elegant Of course, elegant of the parade coaches were four, 
from the purpose for which it was designed, launched on the coronation of Queen Vic- 
the ornamenting is profuse and gorgeous, toria. They are all by different builders, and 
but the colour is in good keeping, and, not- were turned out in the space of forty-one 
withstanding the finery, one can reconcile it days from the orders being issued for their 
with one's prejudices better than the flaunt- construction. But among all this brilliant 
ing red. In this room was harness for sixty display of sumptuous equipage, there was 
horses, including all the sets used on state nothing that pleased me ha£f so much as 
occasions. The arrangement of the whole her Majesty's private travelling barouche 
was simple and unostentatious, but scrupu- Nothing could be more plain, and yet no- 
lously neat and orderly. thing &at decoration could effect would 

The stables for the state-horses contained have produced a more perfect ensemble, I 

twenty ; viz., eleven dun and nine black believe it was built for his late Majesty : it 

Hanoverians. Of the former, four were is fit to bear a race of monarchis. The 

bred at Hampton Court, and they have in Queen is fond of fast road-work, and often 

no Yfa.y departed from the remarkable cha- gives her commands to the postilions to** go 

ractenstics of the native race. They have quicker." Long may she live to counte- 

the same exuberance of crest, and grotesque nance one of the noblest of her country's 

custard-coloured eyes, that distinguish their social institutions, and, letting well alone, 

progenitors of the Electorate. It is impos- eschew the filthy facilities and ruinous con- 

sible to look at these animals without being venience of the railroad, 

struck with the identity of characteristic To leave these precincts without a de- 

they display with the horses of remote anti- scriptiou of the great coach-of-state would 

quity, represented on the Grecian friezes be something too atrocious for contempla- 

and alto relievos. The unde derivatur tion. Haply here my labours are greatly 

we win not stop to investigate, but offer lightened, by means of a document placed 

anotherproofoftheir affinity to the coursers in my hands by the attendant in waiting, 

of the classic ages. The Grecian youths, for a very modest consideration ; according 



THE MIRROR. 179 

official paper, ** Her Majesty's state- noblest eye," says he, ** which nature erer 

the most superb carriage ever built," made is darkened; an eye so privileged, 

signed by, and executed under the and gifted with such rare powers, that it 

tendence of, Sir William Chambers, may truly be said to have seen more than 

! ; the piuntings being the production the eyes of all that are gone, and to have 

celebrated CyprianL We will not opened the eyes of all that are to come.** 

J upon the heraldic details and em- jy^^ ^^^,^ j^^ ^j ^ Marvdhus, 

nent of each panel and door ; the rJi ,. -^ ^ . , ,• i. 

are decorated with an elaborate ^%^* disposition of mmd which 

»ur, to which description could do made Tycho an astrologer and an alchemist, 

i^Jj^ ^ inspired him with a sm^ular love of the 

* marvellous. He had vanous automata with 

^ ^^ ist \^M which he delighted to astonish the pea- 

pmjWOOW. gants; and by means of invisible bells, 

,-. , ^ o • Tj c- -rw .J which communicated with every part of his 

^ariyTB of Science, By Sir David establishment, and which rung with the 

Urewster. gentlest touch, he had great pleasure in 

long-looked-for volume contains the bringing any of his pupils suddenly before 

• Galileo, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler, strangers, muttering at a particular time the 
lustrious philosophers, who probably words "Come hither, Peter,** as if he had 
1 more persecutions in the cause of commanded their presence by some* super- 

than any other three men whose natural agency. K, on leaving home, he 

re emblazoned on the splendid roll met with an old woman or a hare, he re- 

raph^. To say that Sir David Brew- turned immediately to his house. But the 

ew hves of these " Martyrs** will be most extraordinary of all his peculiarities 

ith interest would be but mean praise remains to be noticed. When he lived at 

present work ; written as it is, with Uraniburff he maintained an idiot of the 

r neatness, excellent feeling, and a name of Lep, who lay at his feet whenever 

gard to the scientific details and po- he sat down to dinner, and whom he fed 

jbject of the work. We subjoin a with his own hand. Persuaded that his 

tracts ^m the anecdotic portion : — mind, when moved, was capable of foretel- 

Blindness of Galileo.'] 'i°g future events, Tycho carefully marked 

• ♦ • The discovery of the moon*s everything he said. Lest it should be sup- 
m was the result of the last tele- Posed that this was done to no purpose, 
observations of Galileo. Although I^ngomontanus relates that when any per- 
:ht eye had for some years lost its ^^ ^ the island was sick, Lep never, when 

yet his general vision was suffi- interrogated, failed to predict whether the 
perfect to enable him to carry on patient would live or die. It is stated also 
aal researches. In 1636, however, m the letters of Wormius, both to Gassendi 
fection of his eye became more se- ^^^ Peyter, that when Tycho was absent, 
and, in 1 637, his left eye was attacked ^^ ^is P^pils became very noisy and merry 
le same disease. His medical friends i^ consequence of not expecting him soon 
supposed that cataracts were formed home, the idiot, who was present, exclaimed, 
crystalline lens, and anticipated a J}tncher xaa laudit, " Your master has ar- 
om the operation of couching. These rived.** On another occasion, when Tycho 
irere fallacious. The disease turned had sent two of his pupils to Copenhagen 
be in the cornea, and every attempt **° busmess, and had fixed the day of their 
)re its transparency was fruitless. In return, Lep surprised him on that day while 
nonths, the white cloud covered the he was at dinner, by exclaiming, " Behold, 
aperture of the pupil, and Galileo J^^ V^¥^ are bathing in the sea.** Tycho, 
J totally blind. This sudden and un- suspecting that they were shipwrecked, sent 
id calamity had almost overwhehned some person to the observatory to look for 
and his friends. In writing to a their boat The messenger brought back 
indent he exclaims, " Alas I your '^ord that he saw some persons wet on the 
iend and servant has become totally shore, and in distress, with a boat upset at 
eparably blind. These heavens, this a great distance. These stories have been 
this universe, which by wonderful g^^^? hy Gassendi, and may be viewed as 
ition I had enlarged a thousand times specimens of the superstition of the age. 
. the belief of past ages, are hence- . C.^e conclude witii the following very 
hrunk into the narrow space which judicious remarks on 
5lf occupy. So it pleases God ; it The Progress of Science,] 
[lerefbre, please me also.** His friend, [In the infancy of a science, there is no 
Castelli, deplores the calamity in the speculation so absurd as not to merit exami- 
one of pathetic sublimity : — " The nation. The most remote and fimciful ex- 
Engraving and Description of this Coach planations of focts have oft«i been found tiie 
bmid in The Mirror, No. 709. true oncs ; and opimons which have in one 



174 



THE MIRROR. 



oentury been objects of ridicule, have in the 
next been admitted amongthe elements of our 
knowledge. The physical world teems with 
wonders, and the various forms of matter 
exhibit to us properties and relations fieir 
more extraordmary than the wildest fim^j 
could have conceived. Human reason 
stands appalled before this magnificent dis- 
play of creative power, and they who have 
drunk deepest of its wisdom will be the 
least disposed to limit the excursions of 
physical speculation. The influence of the 
imagination, as an instrument of research, 
has, we thmk, been much overlooked by 
those who have ventured to give laws to 
philosophy. This faculty is of the greatest 
value in physical inquiries. If we use it as 
a guide, and confide in its indications, it 
will infiillibly deceive us ; but if we employ 
it as an auxiliary, it will afford us the most 
invaluable aid. Its operation is like that 
of the light troops which are sent out to 
ascertain the strength and position of an 
enemy. When the struggle commences, 
their services terminate ; and it is by the 
solid phalanx of the judgment that the 
battle must be fought and won. 



'Twere not like the ImeaCh of aBritlsh vale, 
Where each Oreen acre ia bleat with a OalCt 

Whenever the natives please ; 
Bat it was of that soft invitingr amt. 
That it tempted to revel in plc^nic apott 

A couple of Bengalese 1 



TTus New Tale of a Tub, By F. W, N. 

Bayley. 

[It is somewhat late to broach this " Adven- 
ture in Verse ;" but there is a «ei;6r-to-be 
forgotten proverb ; and so, to our pleasant 
task. The Tale is soon told — in prose. 
Two Bengalese, while enjoying a tiffin, or 
lunch, on their native plsuns, behind the 
shelter of a tub, are surprised or " dodged" 
by a royal Tiger, who, leaping on the tub, 
falls into it ; and being thus under cover, 
the Bengalese draw the Tiger's tail through 
the bimghole, and tie a knot in it — and so 
ends the TaJe, 

The poet has fitted each of the illustra- 
tions separately. Thus, fi*om the first — 
Opening of the Question :] 

The orient day was fresh and fair, 
A breeze sang soft in the ambient air, 
Men almost wondered to find it there 

Bloominj^ so near Ben^, 
Where waters bubble as boiled in a pot, 
And the gold of the sun spreads meltang hot. 
And there's hardly a breath of wind to be got 

At any price at all I 
Unless, indeed, when the great Simoom 
Gets up from Ms bed with the voice of doom ; 

And deserts no rains e*er drench, 
Rise up and roar with a dreadful g^ust. 
Pillars of sand and clouds of dust. 
Hushing unsifted, and rapid to burst. 
And filling all India's throat with a thirst. 

That its Granges couldn't quench. 

No great Simoom rose up to-day, 

But only a gentle beeeze. 
And that of such silent and voiceless play, 
That a lady's bustle 
Had made more rustle 

Than it did among the trees ! - 



[There is an atmosphere of humotur about 
this ** opening," which is truly ddidous : 
The '* very magnificent Tiger" is thus in- 
troduced, " superb in his slumber."] 

There he lay, in his skin so gay. 
His passions at rest, and Ins appetite curbed ; 

A Ministo' Prime, 

In his proudest time. 
Asleep, was never less undistarbed. 

For who would come to shake him ; 
Not more certain sure in his dream demure, 

That none would dare to wake him. 
Oh, the royal snore is the only thing 
That's entitled to rouse up aTigerking 1 

[The Tiger is waked by one of the very 
thirsty Bengalese drawing a cork of Hodg- 
son's " genuine pale."] 

Blustering and spurting 1 

list 1 O list ! 

Perhaps the tiger thinks he is hiss'd! 
Effervescing and whizzed and phizzed ! 
Perhaps hismc^esty thinks he is quizzed. 

Or haply deems. 

As he's roused from his dreams. 
That his visions have come to a thirsty stop, 
And resolves to moisten his throat with a drop. 

At all events, with body and soul, 
He gives in his jungle a stretch and a ndl, 
Then regally rises to go for a stroll. 
With a temperate mind. 
For a beast of his kind. 
And a tail uncommonly long b^ind 
He knows of no water 
By field or by flood ; 
And he does not seek slaughter. 
He does not scent blood ; 
Nol the utmost scope 
Of his limited hope, 
Is, that as the Beng^ese find he arrives 
They'U not rise frxmi their pic-nic, and run far their 
lives. 
But simply bow from that beautiful plain, 
And offer Sir Tiger a glass of champagne ! 
*' From my Jungle it true is 

They woke me, I think. 
So the least they can do is 
To give me a drink." 

[The Bengalese, at the Tiger's approach^ 
are thus sketched :] 

" Short and Stout,*' with his hair all grey. 
Has a rattling note in his jolly old throat : 
If he had chok'd his laugh with a truss of hay. 
He couldn't more surely have stifled the gay. 
Whae ** Tall and Thin," with his hair all carroty, 
Looks thrice as red, with fright, as his head, 
And his face bounds plump, at a single jump. 
Into horror, and out of hilarity f 

[" The Dodge" foUows :] 

There's no time to be lost, 

Down the glasses are tost ; 
The Beng^ese have abandoned their grab, 
And they're dodging their gentleman ro«n4 tB9 

Tub! 
Active and earnest, they nowhope lodge. 
And he can't get at them because of thcdr dodge; 
" Short and Stout" and ** Tall and TUIn*' 
Never before such a scrape were in ; 
Nor ever yet used — can you well have a doubt 

of it? 
So uncommonly artful a dodge to get a«t of it 



THE BORROR. 



176 



.ger having leaped on the Tab,] 

{bort and Stout," in a state of doubt, 

Ut bellj a sharp look-out ; 

1 and Tliin,'* with an impudent grin, 

a in bis way, 

w^ as to say 

f wish you may get it ! 

I as I may req^ect your agility, 

e at present the great probability ! 

i{^mg of the Tiger :] 

titau: so much as his head and his legs, 

utVm^ no hand in 

« understandin* 

It equilibrium of casks, and of kegs ; 

ared up in attics, 

xogfat mathematics, 

oat the problems of Endid with pegs ! 

onged, with the impetus wild of a lover, 

?ob has loomed lai^, balanced, paused, 

nd turned over 1 

3 Bengalese havinjg drawn the tail 
the bong-hole of the Tab, here's 

a 

(A dear! it's very dear 
t live so — ^but they dam*t let go, 
i pitying world to wail, 
behind a tiger's tail. 

igth, they hit upon ''the new de- 



nan ▲ KNOT IHr TUB TIOBR'S TAIL, 

^AaaiBs THK Tub along with him j 
sebold for life with a tail out of Joint, 
made his last 

lAX A TRDB KNOmr POINT. 

$ hnmorous incidents, tact in nar- 
liem, and that without the digression 
men in story-telling in prose and 
ire need scarcely speak; for the 
of the dull can scarcely fail to ap- 

their merit In short, nothing so 
id so rich in humour, as this ** Ad- 

in Verse" has appeared since the 
lays of ** the Gohnan Family." 
ilnstrations, designed by Lieutenant 
>tton, and lithographed by Aubrey, 
£6 admirable: the drawings are 

of the tale, and the tale of the 
», which is a rare accordance in 
letorial days. ^ Opening the Ques- 
the Tiger asleep, with the Tub and 
galese in the plain, thrown a&r by 
QUI — is beautifblly drawn, and full 

incturesqueness.] 



MB. RICHARD PAGE. 

dy, JIfr. Richard Paget the "Daniel Hard- 
a The Times journal, a celebrated writer 
unrency Question. Mr. Page was bom at 
I, in the year 1773. Attheageof l6orl7> 
led a situation as derk in a large mercan. 
M in Holland, where he remained eight 
taxing tfcds time he acquired a pemct 
ge M the French and Dutch languages, 
KMa he afterwards spoke and wrote with 
Ity of a native. In 1798, he returned to 
and established himself in business in 
diiefiy in the Dutch and foreign-com 
1 wliicb be continued, with various altera- 
toKtouB, till 1815, wiien the firm of which 



be was a partner was suddenly cwprtlwi to ttop^ 
princ^paUy from the very heavy balances due to 
the concern firom bousea abroad, whidi became 
involved in ndn by ttie suddbn political cfaangea 
on the Oontfaieot, alter the battle of Watcfloo. In 
182S, Mr. Page commenced bcuiness as a broker 
fai.fbrdgn frmds, and was one of the original mem- 
ben on tiie formation of ttie Foreign Stock Sz« 
dumge. Sabaequently, be also became a member 
of the EngUsh Stock Ezdiange. He was not ge- 
nerally successful in his private roeculatJons, partly 
flrom his habit of lookhig too nr in advance for 
ctarcumstanoes likely to afllect them; so that it may 
be said of him, that while intently watching the 
appearance oH a star on the horizon, he sometimes 
stumbled at a straw which lay at his feet. 

Ftom the great insight Mr. Page had acquired In 
the theory and practioe of the fcweign trade of this 
countay, and his own dear-loaght experience of 
ttie private ruin produced by the derangement of 
the Cumaicy, it was natural ttiat a man of Ids in- 
quiring mind should early have given deep con- 
nderatlon to sufaijects connected witii Ttade and 
Money. In 1818, to divert Us mind from painltd 
recollectioiis in a domestic calamity, he began 
writing on the Currency t and in December, tbia 
year, appeared the first of the well-known letters 
of ** Darnel Hardcastle,** in T%e Tfanet newspaper ) 
and the series, nine in number, was collected and 
published in a small volume, towards the close of 
ISlp. About the same period, be published in the 
same paper some other letters, under ttie name 
of <« Abraham Tudda,*' and** Nicholas Durham,** 
chiefly on similar subjects. In December, 1884, 
appewred the first letter of a second series of "Da- 
niel Hardcastle,'* hi whidi was deariy pointed out 
the inevitable tendency of the conduct of the Oo- 
vermnent and Bank at that period. This letter, lo- 
gger with some others, up to the 6th of December, 
I89fl, are remarirahle for theaccuracy of theirpredic 
tlons of ttie disasters in I8S6. The letten, eig:hteen 
in number, were published in a separate form in 
1 820. In 1834, Mr. Page was examined before the 
committee of ttie House of Commons on the Sale 
of Com. In 18S9 were published Us remarks on 
the West-India Compensation Loan, with general 
observations on financial operations and public an- 
nuities. Mr. P>ge*s last labour was on the aflUrs 
of the Bank, tai 1840 } the fatigue of wUch ope- 
rating on a constitution never naturally* strong, 
seems to have worn him out, as he socm aft«'. 
wards became ill, and he never entirdy rallied. 
His death was very sudden. 

Mr. Page was the consistent advocate of the sta- 
biUty of a Metallic Currency, and a repeal of the 
Com Laws. Ftom Us extensive acquaintance with 
the Uteratnre of several European languages, his 
retentive memory, and aptness of quotatkm, he 
contrived to enliven a smiject wUdi is, in itself, 
repulsive to the general reader } and the deamess 
of Us arrangement and strictness of reasoning: 
have been very generally admitted by those who 
have taken the trouble to study his writings. Yet, 
Mr. Page was never a party writer, and Us works 
scarcdy shew a trace of IAm political opinions on 
genoral mSb^eicXB,— Abridged from The Timet, 

HEMRT COWPER, ESQ. 

Latdy, Mr, Henry Cowper, son of General Cow- 
per, and nephew of Major Cowper, of Hertingford- 
bury Park, Herts. He was educated at Charter- 
house School, and afterwards went to Exeter 
Coll^:e, Oxlbrd. He practised as a barrister very 
successfully, and hin Reports are hdd in high esti- 
mation by the iMrofession. Among Us earlv friends 
were the late Lord Eldon and Lord Erskme. He 
was Unealfy descended flrom Judge Cowper, the 
ancestor of the i^reaent Eari. He married the 
dang^hter of hiB unde, Ma}or Cowper, by whom 
he had no issue. 

The office of Assistant Qerk of Parliament be- 
coming vacant, it was ofl^ered to William Cowper, 
the poet; and, upon his d ecHniTyr it, Mr. H. Cow. 



per was appointed to tlia 



he filled It 



176 



THE MIRROR. 



daring the long and protracted trial of Warroi 
Hastings, the whole of which he took down in 
short-hand. He resided in the county of Hertford 
for about 60 years, and was a munificent bene- 
factor to its institutions. He gave upwards of 
12,000/. towards the Herts General Infirmary. No 
less a sum than 1 1 00/. has been subscribed towards 
erecting a testimonial to his character ; and this 
money will be appropriated towards the building 
of schools at Hertford for the education of l6o boys 
and 100 girls. 

Mr. Henry Cowper was first cousin to the Poet 
Cowper, and there was a degree of assimilation in 
their respective minds. Mr. H. Cowper resembled 
the Poet in his devotional spirit; but, as his con. 
stitution was remarkably strong and Vigorous, and 
his disposition lively and rather imjietuous than 
timid, religion produced in him its natural fruits of 
cheeifulness and contentment. He was strongly 
attached to the Established Church, and was mu. 
nificent to her ministers, her building^, her endow, 
ments, her schools. In short, benevolence in him 
appeared a ruling passion ; and what Newton said 
of the Poet may truly be said of him : " Cowper 
loved the poor : he often visited them in their cot- 
tages, conversed with them in the most conde- 
scending manner, sympathized with them in thdr 
sorrows, and counselled and comforted them in 
their distresses." In the fulness of his gratitude ■ 
to God, and his overflowing love to man, the 
lamented subject of this memoir has been heard to 
say : '* Heaven has blessed me with an abundance 
of this world's goods, that I might dispense them 
to others." ** It is required of stewards that a 
man be found faithful." — AMdgedfrom the Chris- 
tian Observer. 

M. CHAUYEAU LAGARDE. 

At Paris, on Feb. 20, the celebrated lawyer, 
Chauveau LagardCy in the 76th year of his age. 
During the Rdgn of Terror, he was the courageous 
antagonist of Fouquier-Tinville, and defended, 
before the Revolutionary Tribunal, General Mi- 
randa, Brissot de Warville, Charlotte Corday, and 
Queen Marie Antoinette. Imprisoned shortly be- 
fore the trial qf this unfortunate Princess, he only 
recovered his liberty after the downfedl of Robes- 
piare. Napoleon appointed him legal adviser of 
the Council of State; and, subsequently to the 
second Restoration^ he pleaded the cause of General 
Bonnaire, and the other victims of the Royalist re- 
action, and that of the free-coloured people of Mar- 
tinique. Lou|s XVIII.. granted him letters of no. 
bility, and the deccnration of the Legionof Honour j 
and in 1828, he was appointed Counsellor of the 
Court of Cassation, which post he retained and 
filled until his death. — Times. 



%^t &at|)erer. 



The Thames Tunnel is now complete within 
twelve yards of the foot passengers* shaft, on the 
Middlesex side of the river ; by about the middle 
of the year, the footway descents to the horizontal 
roadway will be finished; and within the year, it is 
expected that tolls will be taken. The Tunnel is 
now 1138 feet 8 inches in length: diving the 
past year, there has been received from visitors, 
1705/.; the total outlay, including the Government 
loans, will be about 400,000/. 

Wynyard House ^ the property of the Marquess of 
Londonderry, lately destroyed by fire, was one of 
the most magnificent -seats in the North. The 
picture-gallery was 145 feet long, 60 in breadth, 
and upwards of 40 feet in height. The principal 
dining-room was 54 feet in length, 25 in breadth, 
and 30 in height ; the large drawing-room was 60 
feet long, 36 in breadth, and 28 feet wide. 

Prudent CAotce.— Shortly after the batUe of 
Waterloo, it was proposed to make some changes 
in the uniform of the Life Guards, and George IV. 
ordered one of the soldiers to be sent for, who was 
said to have slahi six or seven French officers in 



single combat. He was asked a variety of ques- 
tions, to each of which lie assented; until tbe 
King, perceiving that the soldi»*s opinion was 
biassed by the presence of royalty, and his own 
officers, said to him, " Well, if you were goinp to 
have such another day's work as at Waterloo, bow 
would you like to be dressed?** ** Please your 
Majesty," he replied, " in that case I had rather 
be in my shirt sleeves.** — Sporting Review. 

A Closer.—" As somebody was saying yesterday 
at White's,** observed a man at the capital 
table of the late Lord S , and was about to re- 
late some thrice-told tale, when Lord inter- 

rupted him with, " If I wanted to know what any 
one said at ' White's,' I would go there, and hear 
it. I prefer something which you both think and 
say yourself, or, at all events, sometlung new and 
original.** — Bentley*s Miscellany. 

Her Majesty is stated in the Court Journal to be 
four feet eight inches in height ; and Prince Albert 
five feet eleven inches. The infant Princess Royal 
is of fair complexion, with iatelligent, clear, blue 
eyes. 

Ropal .Match- Making. — When the iiresent King 
of the Belgians, after an absence of some years, 
paid a visit to his former firiend, the Duke of 
Orleans, (now Louis Philip,) his majesty of the 
French said to him, *' Well, now, you will want 
a wife. I have three charming girls. My Louisa is 
fair and fiaXen ; my Marie is brown, and black- 
haired ; my Clementine is, perhaps, too young for 
you : but you shall see them ell, and it is a hard 
thing indeed if one will not please you.** He was 
not long before he made Us choice, and fair 
and sweet Louisa soon became the Queen of tbe 
Belgians. — New Monthly Magazine. 

French Revolutionary Chorus. 
" When at the guillotine my head off goes, 
I shan't be troubled more to blow my nose." 

■ " Limited " Monarchy. — ^The Queen of the French, 
on being asked some favour, replied, '* You little 
know how small \& the influence I possess; aQ, 
you know, is done by ministers. The King would 
do much more than he does, if he could ; but yoa 
know, under constitutional monarchies, all is done 
by ministers." — New Monthly Magazine. 

The Moon. — ^The very irregularities of tiie moon 
were, in Gralileo's opinion, a proof of divine wis- 
dom ; and had its surface been absolutely smooth, 
it would have been " but a vast and unblessed 
solitude, void of animals, of plants, of cities, and of 
men — ^the abode of silence and inaction— senseless, 
lifeless, soulless, and stripped of allthoseomaments 
which now render it so varied and so beautifbl" 
— Sir D. Brewster. 

Errors, boldly assailed, speedily entrench them- 
selves in general feelings, and become embalmed 
in the virulence of the passions. — Ibid. 

The late George Colman.— On. the first appear- 
ance of Colman at Court, as lieutenant of the Yeo- 
men of the Guard, Qeorge IV. turned to the Duke 
of Wellington, g^old stick in waiting, and remarked, 
** George Colman puts me in mind of Pam." " ^ 
that is the case," exclaimed Colman, '* the only 
difi'erence between the Duke of WelUngton and me 
is, that I am the hero of Loo— he of Water-loo.— 
Peake*s Colman Family. 

Chinese Gourmand. — A Chinese mandarin, 
weighing upwards of thirty stone, acknowledged 
to our admiral at Chusan, that a sheep was bis 
ordinary allowance for three days ! 



Errata.— At page 154, col. 2, for " seried" read 
serial. — At p. 155, c. 1, for " Wordswortii's poet" 
read Wordsworth's poetry. 

London ; Published by HUGH CDNNINGHAii, 
1, St. Martinis Place, Trafalgar Squnre ; and sold 
by all Booksellers and Newsmen. — In Paris, by all 
the Booksellers.— InFKAKCFOKT, by Charles Jugel. 

T. C. Savill, Printer, 107, St. Martin's Lane. 



®ftr Mirror 



LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. 



;l.] SATURDAY, MARCH SO, 1641. [PaKX Sd 




178 THE MIRROR. 

HARBOUR OF CHUSAN. ?^?* positions, and finally formed alme 

in front of the merchant jmiks to protect the 
A BRIEF but interesting Narratire of the shore from invasion. These mde vessels 
British Campaign in China has just ap- of war are easily distinguishable by their 
peared fh)m the pen of Lord Jocelyn, late flaunting streamers, red-muzzled guns, and 
Military Secretary to the Mission. It is mo- painted poops, and carry about fifty men 
destly entiUed, Six Months with the Chinese each." The soldiers, about 800 in number, 
Expedition ; or Leaves from a Soldier's appear to have taken up their position on 
Note-book ; and, although it fills scarcely a hill to the right, 200 feet in height ; where 
more than 150 pages, its contents are satis- were six guns so laid that they could neither 
factory as regards the progress of the Ex- train nor level them. Along the wharfs in 
pedition during the above period. From front of the suburb were thirty other pieces 
this accredited source, (by courtesy of the of the same material, and a small martello 
publisher, Mr. Murray,) we are enabled to tower on the left centre, mounting eight 
present our readers with the annexed En- more. 

graving and descriptive details. On the afternoon of the 4th, a parley was 

The island of Chusan, from its situation entered into with the Chinese Chumpin, or 
at the mouth of the Yeang-tse-Kiang river, admiral ; and the British commander, Sir 
and its consequent mercantile importance, Gordon Bremer, gave him until the following 
appears to have been fixed upon as a better morning, to coi&r and think the matter 
position than Canton, from which the over. Of this, however, the Chinese did 
British might carry on operations. ** This not avail themselves ; ^ and the morning of 
great river," observes Lord Jocelyn, ** may the 5th of July, 1840, was the day fated for 
be called the main artery of Ibe Chinese her Migesty's flag to wave over the most 
empire, and the source of its interior wealth : beaulifid island appertaining to the Celestial 
in extent abd navigable facilities it is not Empire, the first European banner that has 
surpassed by any in the world ; whilst from floated as conqueror over the * Fkwen/ 
its bosom, not only the central part of Land,*** 

Chinadrawsitsexistence and riches, but the **The dawn of day brought much the 
traffic of the northern provinces likewise, same spectacle as the preceding, except that 
It is connected with the Peiho by means a few guns were mounted on the Jos-house 
of a canal, called the Imperial, which won- hill, and the mandarins were seen actively 
derful work thus leads the central trade, and employed running about along the wharf." 
even the southern commerce, to the veij They then took up their stands with the 
north of China, pouring it into the navi- troops, one being m the martello tower; 
gable waters of that river at a town called and the war junks were drawn up and 
Teon-sing, not more than forty miles dis- crowded with men. 
tant from Pekin ; whilst its southern mouth It is now time to explain the Engraviog, 
meets the Yeang-tse-Kiang, fifty miles be- representing Chusan Harbour from the en- 
low Nanking. The advantage of having a gineer's camp. To the left are seen the 
position at its very mouth was evident ; suburbs of Chusan, with the British meo- 
Chusan was therefore decided upon as the of-war lying at a short distance from the 
head-quarters of our military force." wharf and foot of the hill. They consist of 

Lord Jocelyn's " Journal " opens with the Wdlesley, 74 ; Conway and Alligaiar, 
the sailing of the Expedition from Calcutta, 28 ; Cruiser and Algerine, 18 ; and ten gon- 
on 8th May, 1840, and the voyage thence, brigs. Opposite are the merchant juiks, 
by the coast of Malacca to Singapore, which before mentioned ; in the centre are seen 
island was made on May 27th. The fleet the Qtieen and ^<a/anto steamers ; and to the 
sailed again on the SOth, and on June 2 left lies the fleet of transports, 
came to anchor ofiP the entrance of Chusan, ** At eight o'clock, the signal was hoistid 
or rather amongst a group of highly-cul- to prepare for action ; still, however, time 
tivated islands. Next morning. Captain was given by the Commodore, hoping to the 
Bethune went into the inner hfu-bour in a last tiiey would repent, and it was not until 
steamer, to examine the passage ; he re- two o'clock that the troops left the trans- 
turned the same afternoon, -and on the fol- ports in the boats of the squadron, and took 
lowing day the fleet advanced. up their position in two lines in rear of the 

" Entenng this beautiful harbour," con- men-of-war, to land under cover of the fire. 
tinues the Journal, — " for beautiful it is. At half-past two, the Wettesley fired a gun 
whatever those whq^^are disgusted with it at the martello tower ; this was immediately 
may affirm— the beach and heights appeared returned by the whole line of junks, and the 
covered with a dense population. The guns on liie causeway and the hiU; then 
suburbs run parallel to the water's edge, tiie shipping opened their broadsides upon 
and form a wharf, along which was seen.a the town, and the crashing of timber, M- 
forest of merchant-craft. On entering the ing houses, and groans of men resounded 
harbour, eleven junks bore down to us ; but from the shore. The firing lasted, on our 
as we advanced, they receded, taking up side, for nine minutes, but even f^er it bad 



THE MIRROR. 



179 



eeasdd, a few shots were heard from the 
unscathed junks. 

** When the smoke cleared awajr, a mass 
of ruin presented itself to the eye, and on the 
place lately alive with men, none save a few 
wounded were to be seen ; but crowds were 
visible in the distance, flying in all direc- 
tions." The Chumpin was seen borne from 
his vessel by a fiiithM few, having lost his 
leg in the action by a round shot ; and he 
survived but a few days. 

^ Before the last shot was fired, the Ge- 
neral and his staff left the Welledet/, the 
boats with the troops following in their 
wake, cheering the men-of-war as they 
passed througl^ the sailors returning im 
hurrahs through the ports. 

** We landed on a deserted beach ; a few 
dead bodies, bows and arrows, broken spears 
and guns, remuning the sole occupants of 
the field. 

** The men arriving from the boats formed 
4ong the causeway in line, and the 18th 
advanced up the hiU ; and on reaching the 
aommit, they distinguished the inner town, 
which had not been visible from the ship- 
ping t it was situated in a hollow in rear of 
the mount, and the bird*8-eye view was very 
picturesque. On the walls were seen the 
oanners of the Chinese soldiery, whilst the 
men crowded along the ramparts beating 
their tomtoms and gongs, beckoning wi£ 
their hands to the'attack as the troops be- 
came visible to them on the hilL" They 
then opened their wretched wall-pieces, 
¥ith no damage to our force. 

Within two hours from leaving the ships, 
ihe Madras artillery had four guns in po- 
aition, and fired a few shells into the town ; 
the advanced picquets were posted, and the 
Chinese fired upon the reconnoitering ^- 
ties wherever they became visible. ** The 
evening began to close in, and the com- 
manding officers were desired to seek co- 
Tering for the men, as Brig.-Gen. Burrell 
bad determined not to attack the town 
before the following morning. Until ten 
o'clock that night, the Chinese kept up a 
dropping fire, under cover of which they 
afterwa^ appeared to have deserted the 
town. 

** During the evening, the civil magis- 
trate and some of his officers were killed 
by our shells, and the governor drowned 
hunself in a tank, when accused of cow- 
ardice by his people." 

Here we halt, for the present ; hoping to 
return to Lord Jocelyn*s very interesting 
and opportune ^ Journal" in our next 



THE LAST OF THE LINE. 

Mr prajer is heard— once more *tis mine to roam 
nuoQgti nnforgotten scenes of childhood's home ; — 
Onoe more to ^ew, before I sleep in death, 
TUs loi^-loved spotwherefirst I drew my breath;— 



Each wdl-known room with thrilling gaze to scan. 
And close my days where first those (toys began. 
Yet as I look around, above, below. 
The anguish'd bosom owns a deeper throe- 
Voices long silent hail the listening ears. 
And forms are traced by eyes brimful ctf tears — 
The hands are stretch*d in vain those forms to 

clasp, 
The fleeting phantoms yield no answering grasp — 
Hie tones of welcome sink, grow fsdnt, and ^e. 
And the lone wind returns me sigh for sigh. 

How strange the echoes of the bell !— but stay, 
An aged servant waits to lead the way — 
My alter'd features— ah I he knows them not. 
But coldly points each well.remember*d spot; 
And shews me, as a visitor alone. 
The grounds and mansion that are all my own ! 

How throbs my heart 1 I pace the nursery floor. 
And view its hallow'd precincts o*er and o*er : 
Here stood my cot— here first a mother's love 
Led me to kneel and look to Heaven above— 
Breath'd her own blesshig on my pillow'd head, 
Hush'd me to rest, and smoothed my fiever'd bed. 
That angel mother 1 now a saint indeed, — 
Why was I bom to make that bosom bleed? — 
Oft have I sat within this old arm-chair, 
Link'd hand in hand with one with golden hair— 
My bending neck encircled by his arm, 
One seat could hold us, and one book could 

charm- 
Crusoe, or RoUn Hood, or Philip Quarll, 
Or Fairy Tales, we knew and lov'd them all— 
Or tum'd with reverend hand that Holy TOme 
That taught us even this was not our home. 
His bright and merry eye— his sunny brow— 
His fair soft cheek— whore is that brother now ? 
From the 'ppress'd heart a bitterer pang is wrung— 
That brother died I— oh ! had / died as young !— 
And he been left !— then had no dark disgrace 
Blotted the scutcheon of our ancient race- 
Then should the Tachb sans tachb* unchal.- 

leng'd twine 
The Leopard's gorge, badge of our honour'd line. 

Through this long gallery, where taU portraits hang. 
How oft our boyish shouts and laughter rang ! 
When yoked in mimic harness side by side. 
We drew our sister, throned in mimic pride, . 
A birthday queen !— her car a chair tum'd down. 
Her sceptre lilies, and a wreath her crown ;— 
Those happy days I when from the earliest spring 
We emulously ran a gift to bring j 
Ransack'd our little gardens o'er and o'er, 
Pluck'd our first flowers and eager sought for 

more J— 
Radiant with Joy, with footsteps light and fleet, 
We laid our ofl^^ing at Edith's feet: 
Herself a fedrer flower — cut down by death -, 
When Atmbr sank, she sigfa'd away her breath ;— 
Tlien I alone was left— and I— long fled 
To foreign climes — would she had moum'd me 

deadl 

How drear the silence of this lofty hall 1 

How gaunt and grim those carvings on the wall ! 

How faint the rays through cobwebb'd windows 

stream! 
I feel as though I wander'd in a dream. 
Our father died ere we could miss his care. 
His portrait hangs hi faded splendour there ; 
There hangs his belt, and there his rusted sword. 
And his crush'd hehn, his widow's mournful 

hoard. 
Early we leamt to lisp that father's name. 
And emulate hi sport a s(ddier's fame- 
Yet when our mother wept to view our play, 
Then, oh ! how hush'd !— we kiss'd her tears away. 

How oft beneath this arch at earlv dawn 
The bold, bluff huntsman wound his echoing hom! 
How oft would I, a stripling, head the trato. 
And spur Grey Lincoln on with slacken'd rein, 

* Literally, a spot without a stain. 



180 



THE MIRROR. 



And whoop and halloo fhrongfa the forest glade. 
Where the fierce dogs the sti^ at distance bay'd. 
The ami^e court with grass is all overspread. 
My old retainers all are gone or dead ; 
The coach-honse doors for ever stand ^}ar, 
The emp^ stages need no closing bar ; 
No sUver dove within the cote is seen. 
The ladd pond is now a rushy green ; 
There stands the kennel of old suriy Dane, 
But death has loos*d him from his hrksome chain. 
Within this af ching window deep and wide 
Hung the caged blackbird, once the butler's pride, 
A sweetheart's gift— so would the maidens say. 
And seek to wile his faithftd heart away, 
And whisper of a lock of raven hair — 
Those idle jests I— blank silence now is there. 

Rank moss and poisonous fdngi now deface 

The broad stone steps that front the mouldering 

place; 
Thick litter'd leaves and ragged weeds are seen 
Where busy hands (mce swept the velvet green. 
Here, on this bank, beneath this aged tree, 
We niuv'd the dying kitten on our knee. 
And watch'd with beating heart and heavy sigh. 
It's gasping breath— its fix'd and glassy eye — 
And when no care its little life could save. 
Here the old gardener dug its tiny grave : 
Old William Ravnb, methinks I see him now — 
His mild blue eye, his calm and thoughtful brow — 
His curly hair, with silvery grey besprent ; 
His stalwart frame by toil and sorrow bent. 
I pause, and seem to hear his ciieerful tone 
And steady step, where long that step was 

known; — 
That kind old man ! how oft we saw him stand 
To watch the labours of our infinit hand ! 
Still inrompt, with ready smile and generous aid. 
To help the feeble efibrts that we made 
To rear our seedling plants or train owr shoot, 
And from our currants pluck the luscious fruit ; 
Or proudly show owr cress, his praise to daim. 
Grown in th' initial letters of our name. 
Now all is changed— those beamy days are gone — 
The very sun shbies not as then he shone : 
Bright, happy days ! gone like the early dew, 
Thtn this sear'd heart was pure and guileless too : 
Ay ! all is changed ! — ^my loved companions sle^ 
Their dreamless slumbers— J am left to weep. 

" Tdl me, I prithee, friend, why there I see 
A stone and mound beneatii that chesnut-tree, 
It wtu not so when I" .... he answers not ; 
But silent leads me to the turfy spot — 
" My young Lord's spaniel this— we laid him here, 
And my dear Lady wept with piany a tear, 
And set this rose-tree with her dying hand : 
' Oh, if my boy,' she said, * frx>m that far land 
Should come, a mother's love' "...." Oh, say 

no more. 
My good old friend— my banishment is o'er ; 
My cup is drain'd — my chain is snapp'd— yet I, 
Though home retum'd, have but retum'd to die." 

RXINELH. 



north of St. Croix river to the higblfl 
along the said highlands which divide t 
rivers that empty themselves into th' 
Lawrence from those that &11 into the 
lantic Ocean to the north-westernmost 
of the Connecticut river, &c." This 
had always heen understood as nm 
north of the river St John, and carr 
the northern houndaiy of Maine to 
48th degree of latitude; hut, some 3 
since, the British set up a claim to 
third part of the whole state, hy conten 
that the houndary-line ran to the sout 
the St John. Agreeahly to the trea' 
Ghent, the subject was referred to the 1 
of the Netherlands for arbitration, wIm 
cided that ** it would be proper to adoj 
the boundary of the two States a line oi 
due north from the source of the riv€ 
Croix, to the point where it strikes 
middle of the channel of the river St J 
thence the middle of the channel of 
river, ascending it to the point where 
river St Francis falls into the St J< 
thence to the middle of the river St. Fra 
ascending it to the source of the most sc 
westerly brahch," &c. By this deci 
about two- sevenths of the territory in 
pute was awarded to the British, amoui 
to about two millions of acres. — Goodi 
Universal Geography y Boston, 1832. 



« T^HE BOUNDARY STATES." 

As these territories have been urged as one 
of the causes of a war with the United 
States of North America, the following in- 
formation may be well-timed and accept- 
able. 

The boundary between Maine and Lower 
Canada has been, for some years, a sub- 
ject of dispute between the Ajnerican and 
British Governments. In the treaty of 
peace which closed the war of the Revolu- 
tion, the northern boundary of Maine is 
described in these words: " From the 
north-west angle of Nova Scotia — viz., that 
angle which is formed by a Hne drawn due 



NONSENSE VERSES: 

THE MAN OF DOLE. 

Hb was a. man of doubt and dole! 

I know not how it came about : 
(Perhaps his pocket had a hole,) 

But all his money had run out. 

Thenceforth one plainly might remaric, 
(It needs no sages nor diviners,) 

His way was somewhat in the dark. 
Because he hadn't got the ** shiners.* 

llien came the duns and claimed their 
Those creditors are boring feUows : 

The man might very well look blue. 
Because he hadn't got the " ydlows* 

They came together all, and spilt 
Abuse upon him, young and old : 

They seemed to think he must have gai 
Because he hadn't any gold. 

And when they thus did on him fall 
He hid away, and that was right : 

He couldn't stand against them all. 
Because he hadn't any mite. 

He hid away like any mouse. 

And feared, for fear a dun should join, 
To turn the comer of his house. 

Because he hadn't any coi^. 

And so he kept within his house. 
Obliged to poke, and mope, and blink 

But not exactly like a mouse. 
Because he hadn't any '• chink.** 

P'rhaps like a hermit, who from sight 
And hearing of the world has got : 

And yet not like a hermit quite. 
Because he hadn't got a groat. 

But still in peace he could not dwell. 
At night he could not sleep a wink : 

He could not bear to hear the bell, 
Whilst he had never got " the cAtMt." 



THE MIRROR. 



181 



But 80(xi hte creditors forbore 
To touch the bell, or knock, or tap ; 

*Twa8 vain to beat against his door. 
Because he never had a ** re^." 

If now he put his boat about, 
And steered a little off from shore, 

He always kept the stem look out. 
Because he hadn't any ore. 

He'd better yet have stayed behind, 
*Tis wiser not to dare the torrent: 

Perhaps he thought to raise the wind. 
Not having any of " the current.** 

But here and there he steered about, 

And led his creditors a hunt; 
And still he kept the sharp look out. 

Because he hadn't got " the blunt" 

Wherever yet he turned his head, 
He feared some bill he could not settle : 

Poor man, he always was in dread. 
Because he hadn't any metal. 

I would not be in such a taking 
For all the money in the town : 

In heart he was for ever a-king. 
And yet he never had a crown. 

If he to tailors went or wrote. 

He only put them in a huff : 
They wouldn't make him any coat, 

Because he hadn't got the ** stt^,*' 

Those snips so saucy grow and bold 
Whene'er they know that money flags : 

They wouldn't even mend an old. 
Because he hadn't got the " rags.** 

His shirt betrayed his lack of pelf ; 

His shoes at heel were trodden down; 
His hat was very like himself. 

Because it hadn't half a crown. 

He had a stable, which was good 
For putting cattle safe and sound ; 

But couldn't keep them without food, 
Because he hadn't got a pound. 

His garden was of roses bare ; 

No stocks or lilies yielded honey ; 
And no anemonies were there. 

Because he hadnt any money. 

He could not buy a stack of flagon, 
Whene'er he wished to drink or gorge, 

And so his life had still a drag on. 
Because he hadn't got a *• Oeorge.** 

At any time, in any place. 

If he a creditor should pass, 
He couldn't look l^m in the face. 

Because he hadn't got the " brass.** 

But what avails to make a fuss, 
Or further let our history range ? — 

His course of life was ever thus, 
Because he hadn't any change. 

Ho, ho! 



S. 



THE WAR WITH CHINA: 

(our own notions of it.) 

We are not aboat to enter into a political 
X)ntroversy. We leave that exciting task 
the wrangling editors of newspapers, 
he writers of stitched pamphlets without 
^vers, and the race of quarrelsome geutle- 
aen who squabble after dinner during that 
'ery bearish time which custom has appro- 
»riated to such verbal engagements, when 
Tours' plums, dogs and horses. Lord Mel- 
loume, the Duke of Wellington, sponge 
ake, cut glass and claret, are presumed to 



be proper and equivalent substitutes for the 
I>resence of the fairer portion of the crea- 
tion. We are not going to bring forward 
an^ statistics of tea, rhubarb, and opium ; 
neither can we ^ve the reader any infor*- 
mation upon the state of ^e workhouses, 
or names of the board of guardians in va- 
rious parishes pertaining to the Canton, 
Macao, or Chusan unions ; but we do not 
see why we should not say our few words 
upon the Chinese Question, which seems 
so troublesome to answer, ihe more so as 
we are an ardent admirer of the refreshing 
beverage (not, however, a perfect tee- 
totaller, for we occasionally incline to 
** half-and-half") ; in addition that we adore 
little feet and ivory carvings, and that we 
especially lean to the old blue-pattern platPs 
and dishes. 

TiUking of that same old blue pattern, 
we believe it is but lately that anything 
has been discovered authentically connected 
with its oriein. It appears, from the in- 
formation of an ancient document, found 
in the great library of Long Man, an emi- 
nent Chinese bibliopolist, that the original 
desi|;n appeared in an early edition of the 
Pekm Picturesque Porcelain Annual, where 
it was inserted bv the great artist Fin Den, 
who dedicated the plate to the Mandarin 
Twing, whose palace without the city walls 
it was intended to describe ; and who, it was 
moreover hoped, would pay all expenses 
incidental to the bringins out of the plate, 
in consideration of lae honour pertaining 
to the dedication. The Mandarin, how- 
ever, did not take the hint, and when the 
Annual went into other hands, the original 
design was purchased bv a great crockery 
foui^er, who reproduced the view in a plate 
of different construction. Twing, incensed 
that any one who did not wear red shoes, 
or whose nails were not more than an inch 
in length, should even look upon a repre- 
sentation of his summer retreat, obtained 
an injunction to restrain the production of 
any more pieces. The remainmg few were 
rapidly bought up, and kept in secret cabi- 
nets ; until Twing died, from standing upon 
his head one day upwards of two hours in 
the broiling sun, the tenure by which he 
held the high employment of cutting the 
Emperor's corns, and the plates and dishes . 
being again published, derived additional 
interest from the circumstance, and by de- 
greed Were exported all over the world. 
We should like to know the house which 
does not possess one. 

When we first heard there was a pro- 
spect of a war with China, we regarded it 
as a rumour of extreme eccentricity — a 
piece of exquisite humour, replete with 
droll actions and engagements. The im- 
pressions of our childhood are composed of 
the same elements in the ideas of &e man, 
although circumstance exerts a slight alter- 



182 THE MIRROR. 

ation in their affinity ; and we could not oar luck to witness at the theatres, turned 
entirely divest ourselves of the thoughts the current of our minds into another 
we were accustomed to link with ** China channel For the first time, we then be- 
and the Chinese," when the Arabian Nights' came aware that real living beings formed 
Entertainments, every wor^ of whose gor- the population of the country belonging to 
geous illusions we received as gospel, ranked the Sun's intimate connexion; but e^en 
far above the productions of Shakspeare, these differed from other people. They 
Byron, or Scott, in our immature concep- wore odd six-angled hats, a species of 
tion. Nor was the picture we formed of painted convolvulus-shaped gossamer, with 
China conj ured up by our own minds alone, bells hung round them ; tkey danced strange 
We had the opportunity of referring to a figures, with the forefingers of each hand 
valuable series of tea -canisters on the elevated to the level of their ears; they 
shelves of a neighbouring grocer, who allowed their mustachios to grow until they 
opened his shop as the ** China Tea Com- trailed upon the ground ; and in their stage 
pany," hung balloons in his windows, ja- encounters, one English sailor ,generally 
panned his drawers, sold tea-chests for fought twelve at once, all of whom he 
rabbit-hutches, and had a strange squat finally put to flight, having cut off their 
figure seated in the centre of the four shil- pigtails, or whirled them round by these 
ling Bohea compartment, who wagged its appendages, like horizontal bandalores, 
held and tongue all day long, at the gazers until they were choked. And is it true, 
that its antics attracted to flatten their noses we asked ourselves, that the Government is 
ag^nst his panes of glass. From the afore- seriously thinking of going to war with 
said canisters we were enabled to glean these grotesque Seings ? What huge fun 
much valuable pictorial information|respect- we immediately foresaw in the encounter — 
ing the domestic maimers of the Chinese, what a realization of the scenes in Aladdin 
Probably, we might have studied the sub- and the Bronze Horse, to say nothing of 
ject more deeply, but fate willed otherwise. The Illustrious Stranger, and Zazezizozu, 
The concern failed, the shop was closed, And our great men-of-war were sailing 
and the ** Company" ran off m the middle out, actually and literally sailing out to 
of the night : no one knew whither, and we engage with their junks — those odd con« 
believe no one cared, except those who had structions of thin painted laths, strips of 
demands upon the establishment We only red cloth, and reed masts with tea-leaf 
wondered what effect the defalcation had sails, that we could almost have built 
upon the iiinds of the Celestial Empire. from imagination I Why, we should havt 
We were a long time bringing ourselves thought £at one small cannon-ball would 
to think that the Chinese were a nation of have crashed through twenty of them at 
men and women ; in fact, human beings, once, splintering and smashing them in all 
who thought, moved, and acted in a man- directions. It appeared perfectly cowardly 
ner similar to ourselves. We much more in our nation to think for an instant of 
readily inclined to the opinion that they attacking in reality a set of poor scara- 
were a race of supematurally animated mouches, who resided in inverted tea-cups 
ornaments, who wore inverted basins for on a large scale, Uved on paper-shavings 
head-dresses, and kept odd-shaped dragons and fried silkworms, built pagodas like 
and monsters, all claws and crockery, for magnified cardhouses, and whose most in- 
their domestic animals. We pictured to spiring war-music was comprised in a band 
ourselves their abodes, made of porcelain of copper stewpans and instruments formed 
painted all sorts of colours, and thatched by bits of tendons stretching over infiated 
with rice paper. Their cities we conjured bladders. At length, we heard that there 
up as lighted by millions of isinglass Ian- really had been a skirmish, and that one 
terns, which kept perpetually turning of their great people, who rejoiced in the 
round. Their vegetation we confined to high-soundhig and aristocratic appellation 
curious strange arborescent productions, of Lin, had written a letter, or published a 
with large round vermilion balls for fruit, document, or something of the kind. We 
growing naturally in a state of the highest should very much like to have seen that 
varnish ; and we could almost see their document. We will be bound it was some- 
public roads, buildings, and fortifications, thing exquisitely comic, written with va- 
all constructed of papier-machi gaily ja- rious inks, commencing at the bottom, and 
panned. If war had been declared at that filled with characters from the endless al- 
" period, we should not have been much phabet which adorns the invoices of tea- 
astonished to have found some morning chests and cakes of Indian ink. But^ 
that all the China ornaments in England ha ! ha ! ha! — you can scarcely help smiling 
had walked off spontaneously to take up at the bare idea, the mere fact of their even 
the cause of their country, and fight in its daring to expostulate — they, of whom we 
defence. These ideas continued in full should have conceived one halfpenny squib 
force with us for some long period, until a would have put to fiight an army ; they, 
series of Gastern spectacles, which it was whose cannon we thought must be var- 



THE BlIRROR. 



168 



pasteboard, and whose fortifications 
iTOij ; they, whose only commerce 
ed, independently of their tea, in 
sard-counters and books of gaudy 
nd flowers, or ornaments like minia- 
unks of trees with distorted spines, 
into human heads at the top. And 
dd creatures had remonstrated with 
d. How very ridiculous ! 
' it is that the whole empire has not, 
efore this, been blown entirely to 
by our ^ns, we are at a loss to 
^e. British humanity must be the 
)6tacle to such a performance. But 
are still insolent, we counsel instant 
mitigated annihilation of the whole 
a; for what would all our former 
ayail us, in the page of history, if 
re finally jockeyed by a tribe of 
^ mandarins, crockery-baking sa- 
pMunters of rice paper, and manufac- 
>f chopsticks and feather fans ? 

Albert. 



«< I die 1 I die \" Then, droppiDg his Ijte^ 
Love flew far away from his cherishM bower, 
And never rettumM from that fatal hour 1 
AUUt/or thee, blighted Love I 

Southern LUerarp Meeunger. 



LOVE AND CARE. 

t in his bower one summer day — 

e, with his train, came to drive liim away : 

[ will not depart,*' said Love ; 

dng his lute— with silvery words, 

ds brigrht fingers along the chords, 

'*d so sweet, so entrancing an air, 

rim smile lit up the face of Care. 

itoeijf — awayP* said Love. 

ay ! I have friends !" grim Care replied ; 

I, here is one — and his name is Pride!** 

[ care not for Pride,** said Love. 

iching the strings of his light guitar, 

>a forgot his lofty air ; 

in^ the hand of a rustic queen, 

, gamboll*d, and tripped it o'er the green. 

lAo, aha /" said Love. 

with 3rour Jeers)" cried Care, **if jrou 

dease, 

lother— lank, haggard and pale Disease!*' 

[ care not for him," said Love. 

ich'd a strain so plaintive and weak, 

oah pass'd over his pallid cheek ; 

ase leap'd \xp from his couch of pain, 

ed, and re-echoed the healing s^ain. 

Veil done for Disease /" said Love. 

! pehaw !" cried Care — "this squalid one, 
lee! 

st thou the gaunt look of Poverty /" 
care not for him," said Love. 
ick such a sound from his viol's string, 
erty shouted aloud, " Pm king ! 
U'd wreaths round my temples shall twine, 
paiMing gems of Grolconda are mine !*' 
Ip, asf — very true !** said Love. 

ut not,** said Care—'* There is fretful Old 



*fi 



his crutches, and tempt not his rage !" 
care not for Age !" said Love. 
fgit the strings of his magic lyre, 
lazed eye sparkled with youthful fire ; 
drqpp'd his crutches, and, light as a fay, 
d^per'd and danced, like a child at play 1 
\ra»o. Sir Eld!** said Love. 

,»» cried wrinkled Care, " with thy glee ! 
t an this last one — 'tis Jealousy !** 
iime! ah me!" said Love. 
an eye bums with quenchless fire— 



RECOLLECTIONS OF A COLD 
WINTER. 

I AM not philosopher enough to compre- 
hend fully the curious and sudden changes 
of temperature incidental to almost every 
climate; and there is something particu- 
larly unaccountable in the extraordinary 
severity by which the seasons are occa- 
sionally characterized. The winter of 18 — 
was one of these, and will remain indelibly 
impressed upon the memory. One week 
especially was intensely cold ; the sky was 
clear and blue, the air had a delusive calm- 
ness that beguiled some victims forth to 
death. A walk across the street affected us 
with acute pain in t&e temples; a moist 
hand would fireeze instantly to the iron 
baluster of the steps — stage-drivers and 
hackney-coachmen were found stiff and 
dead upon their boxes. The student's ink 
congealed by the fire ; the affluent, with all 
the appliances of wealth, could not keep 
themselves comfortable ; and the heart aches 
to recal the condition of the poor, shivering 
and trembling around the cheerless fire- 
places of their dilapidated dwellings, half 
naked, hungry and destitute — it was, in- 
deed, a dreadful winter for them. Many pe- 
rished ; some directly from the cold, while, 
although others lingered tUl the weather 
moderated, yet sickness and exposure had 
broken down their constitutions, and the 
soft breath of spring blew over their graves. 
^ The snow in the street had a granite con- 
sistency, sparkling like diamonds in the 
brilliant sunshine, which shone all day with 
the ineffectual fervour of the moon upon its 
unmelted wreaths and rocky banks. Those 
who could, kept in doors. Those whom 
business called abroad could scarcely be 
recognised through the multiplicity of gar- 
ments. Over-shoes and moccasons, bu&lo- 
skins and blankets, shawls, ftir gloves and 
caps, and voluminous cloaks over great 
cloaks, every where met such eyes as could 
penetrate tnrough the rich and curious 
frost-work which accumulated with every 
breath upon the window-panes. 

Of course the city was locked up in ice. 
Canals and rivers all over the country were 
closed. A silent bleakness and desolation 
reigned on land and water worthy of the 
polar regions. The Hudson spread out a 
solid field, and even the bay — a ve^ un- 
usual event — presented to the eye one vast 
mass of motionless ridges, interspersed with 
plains of glassy smootbiiess ; broken masses 
t)f ice, which the tide, in the act of congela- 
tion, had forced up in heaps ; and hills of 



184 THE MIRROR. 

snow, the remnants of a heavy storm by to skate ; but the facilities for practisiog 

which this extraordinary period of cold this inspiring sport ore passing away so 

weather had been preceded. The southern effectually and rapidly under the jurisdie- 

mails were conTeyedfh>m the Jersey side in tion of our street-cutting, house-shifting, 

sleighs instead of boats, and the papers hill-levelling, pond-filling corporation, that 

mentioned, as a curious fact, that a pedes- I fear the time is nigh at hand when the art 

trian had crossed to the city fh)m Staten- will be ahnost extinct The very climate 

Island with only the loss of one of his ears, itself is growing more even and insipid, as 

This excessive cold terminated as sud- if a member of the conspiracy to extenni- 

denly as it had conmienced. A southern nate our ancient favourite amusement Be 

wind one morning blew over the city with that as it may, on this memorable occasion 

a more moderate breath, the sun regained I entered into the enjoyment with all my 

its warmth, and, in a few days, the eaves of souL The ice presented a great variety c^ 

the houses began to drip, and ponderous surface on the part selected by the skaters 

masses of. snow to slide from the slanting as the most convenient for their purpose. 

Tooh to the imminent danger of the foot- Between the rough cakes and hilLs which 

passengers below; the wooden sheds and sometimes obstructed our career there 

house-tops reeked with the steaming eva- wound litUe narrow i)a8sages of silver 

poration — ^the streets grew wet and doppy, smoothness, which again expanded into 

and all tlungs relaxed under the influence fields frozen in furrows and ridges, as if the 

of a general thaw ; still, however, although congelation had arrested the water in tiie 

the l^y began to. discover indications of a act of lifting its waves. I skated leisurely 

breaking up, under the combined power of along, musing upon the peculiarities of the 

the sun and those rapid tides which rush, scene, till at lengUi I wandered feir from the 

in oppo^og currents, firom the East-river shore, anxious at once to escape the riot, 

and vie E&dson, yet the latter remained jostie, boisterous laughter and shouts of the 

bound in its bright prison, affording a strong crowd, and to readi newer ice, that upoa 

temptation to persons fond of skating — an which I had been skating being much cut 

amusement which the mud-gutters and up by the innumerable tracks, and also a 

mill-ponds render almost pecimar to boys, littie wet and sloppy. On, therdTore, I went, 

yet which, in the present instance, was finding ample companionship in my own 

found irresistible to large numbers of our thoughts and observations, till at length I 

population of all ages. awoke to the sudden consciousness that the 

I was at that period a stripling of twenty, sun had set, the night-shades were gathering 

of rather a solitary turn of mind, though around, and nearly every individual of the 

not averse to sport, of which skating must vast numbers who, when last I looked to- 

ever be considered one of the most agree- ward the shore, were swarming around me, 

able varieties. It is an exercise fuU of fier^ had disappeared. I myself had been lured 

excitement and exhilaration. Distance is on by a sheet of ice unmarked by a single 

traversed with a velocity incredible — every track, and shining with the perfect, un- 

muscle of the form seems laid out with un- broken beauty of a mirror, much fakher 

accustomed force upon the power of motion than I intended. 

— yon glide, you float, you fly — you pass " By my f^th," I thought, as I aroused 

through space with a thought — ^wheelingj myself for a hasty return, "tliis would be a 

circlinj^, darting — and rivaling the swallow rare place to spend the night in, truly, and 

in its airy gambols. The bosom rejoices as if I away down me bay, tuR three miles from 

in the possession of newly-discovered power, the shore. I have been over- venturous here." 

The sun was about an hour above the {To be concluded in our next.) 
horizon, when, after a light dinner, I took 

a pair of skates under my arm, and bent " 

my way down to one of the wharfs on the ELIZABETHAN ARCHITECTURE, 
western side of the town. The cold had 

now, in a great measure, abated, and I found Burghley House, Northamptonshire, the 

thousands of men and boys enjoying them- seat of the Marquis of Exeter, is one of the 

selves upon the ice, darting by each other most celebrated structures in Europe, and a 

in every direction, wheeling and flying with magnificent exemplar of the architecture of 

ceaseless velocity and various motions which the reign of Elizabeth. It has, accordinglyi 

resembled the play of a swarm of insects in been selected by Mr. C. J. Richudson for 

the summer air. Here a troop of little fel- illustration, in his superb work, ArchitK- 

lows linaped along on one skate, there an- tural Remains of the Reigns of Elizabeth and 

other glided with both feet equipped for the James I. Burghley was finished about the 

sport, at one moment approachmg within a year 1587 ; and it is generally allowed that 

few yards of the land, and again hurrying John Thorpe was the architect employed 

away off till they lost themselves amid the upon it. " The appearance of the buildmg 

busy multitude. is extremely imposing : on approaching it 

Every boy bred in New York knew how from Stamford, after winding through a 



THE MIRBOB. 



I8S 



noble park, it snddaolj openi upon the 
risilor from the nonh-wew ; where its sin- 
gular chimneji, the Tuiety of ila turrets, 
Mwera, and cnpolas, and the steeple of the 
chapel riiiog in the centre, give it the ap- 
pearand more of a small city than a uogle 
boiiding." 

The original of the annexed Engraving is 
one of Hr. Richardson'E tumor illngtiatiDiis, 
ud reprcMntB a snmnier-hoase in the " piai- 
ance at Bnrghlcv The intricacy of ont- 
Me, and the quaint and &ntastic taste dis 
plajed in the p erced parapet and twisted 
tpres of tbi« bnddiag will be maeh admired. 
It was, doubtless, ti mam feature of the 



architectural garden which alwavs accom- 
panied the Elizabethan style of mansion, 
and ii not the least pleasing part of it. " We 
delight in its wide and level terraces, deco- 
rated with rich atone baluBtrades, and these 
again with vases and atatoes, and connected 
by broad flights of stone steps — its clipped 
evergreen hedges — its embowered alWs — 
its formal yet intricate parterres, fiiU of 



bowling green and thii laby- 
rinth and wilderness which form i< 
pnate termination, and o 
ruder scenery w tbodt." 



m Its appro- 
rt It niib the 




THE LITERARY WORLD.— V. 



The London and Edinburgh Magazme, No. I. 
-*evenly-two well-filled pages, withapor- 
Initt^the Queen, for One Shilling! Cheaply 
done, Edinburgh. The plan appears to be 
Ruii-politicttl — an admiitnre of literature 
snd &e politics of the day ; Australia. 
Russia, and the Charch of Scotland alter- 
nate with Poetry transplanted from Ame- 
rica, Sculptors <n Britain, a Life of Wicliff, 
the Second Funeral of N^wleou, and a 



Tale by Miss Burdon, authoress <^ The 
Thirit for Gold. The contents, it will be 
enessed, are Stirling and heavy -. they are, 
indeed, dry subjects drily treated; they 
have pith and point, but loo much in one 

" The Australian Emigrant." for eiample, 
has neither novelty of matter nor manner. 
The Passage Home — Napoleon's Grave — is 
better, but is not in tempore : the author 
notes that, judging from those ships of war 
which he had the opportunity of examiaing, 
the vessels of the French navy appear to b« 



181 TH£: MIRROR. 

built on a finer model than those in the are almost tempted to put on our Chester- 
British senrice ; but they are assuredly not field and follow the hunt : 
so strong, nor so capable of standing " the ** Qoadrupedante putrem aonita quatlt ungnb 
battle and the breeze " as the wooden walls campum." 
of Old England. The following details re- This Number is full of gay, yet useful 
late the conduct of the crew of La Favorite, reading — sporting in all quarters of the 
on reaching the grave of Napoleon : — world I In our laist Number, we quoted a 

** Such a scene of excitement I never wit- paper by the E^tor, describing a visit to the 

nessedl Some of them shed tears, while Royal Mews at Pimlico; which is written 

others smote their brows and their hearts, throughout con amore — ^the surest passport to. 

and nothing but the iron bars that protected success. The Engraving are truly Embel- 

the grave prevented them from throwing lishments: among them is one of a series of 

themselves on the three large flat stones Plans of Race-courses, which appears to hav^ 

which covered the mortal remains of their suggested the maps of the dioceses in the^n- 

great Emperor ! After a while, they, at tish Magazine : we speak seriously, 

first singly and separately, and then alto- Benuey's MisceUany is even more lively 

igether, began to pull up the shrubs, and than usual ; and although its essays at hu- 

whatever else they could lay their hands on mour may be of various grades, ** cnequered 

in the vicinity, to bear away as memorials in bulk as in brains," all are . very accept- 

of the scene and the occasion. Even the fa- able. The E^tor leaves his reader in de- 

vourite willow of Napoleon was not spared, lightful suspense : thus, " The fifth of No- 

— ^branch by branch was torn away, and vember was now at hand, and the clock of 

^carried off to form trophies — ^the trunk was the adjoining abbey had scarcely ceased 

•cut by innumerable luiives, and little was tolling the hour that proclaimed its arrival, 

left for the men of La Belle Poule, who, when Fawkes, somewhat wealed with his 

next day, were in their turn marched up, solitary watcWg, determined to repair, for 

under tne direction of their officers ; and a short space, to the adjoining houses. He, 

who, after displaying similar manifestations accordingly, quitted the cellsur, leaving his 

of sorrow, proceeded to the same acts of lantern lighted within it in one corner, 

securing for themselves tokens of remem- Opening the door, he gazed cautiously 

brance. What remained of the Willow around ; but perceiving nothing, after a few 

Tree became their spoiL Trunk and branch seconds, he proceeded to lock the door, 

it was carried off — ^not a vestige of it re- While thus employed, he thought he heard 

mained — ^it disappeared, as if by ma^c, off a noise behind him, and turning suddenly, 

the face of the earth, and I question if the he beheld through the gloom several persons 

root remains to tell the tale of where it rushing towards him, evidently with hostile 

stood.*' intent. His first impulse was to draw a 

In the pai)er on *^ /The Living Sculptors petronel, and grasp a sword. ^ But, before 

of Great Britain" we are assured, upon the he could effect his purpose, his arms were 

authority of an artist who saw it at Rome, pinioned hj a powerful grasp from behind, 

that Thorwaldsen's statue of Lord Byron, while die light of a lantern thrown full in 

which has lain for five years buried in saw- his face, revealed the barrel of a petronel 

^ust, in a box in the Custom House, is de- levelled at his head, and an authoritatiye 

<cidedly no honour to the sculptor. " Thor- voice commanded him in the king's name 

waldsen, usually so much alive to character, to surrender." This is the subject of the 

totally misconceived the characteristics of illustration, in which Cruikshank is scarcely 

the noble author of C^z^e jSaro/cf. Asa so effective as usuaL ** Wanted a Widow" is 

portrait, this statue bears little resemblance from a hint by a newspaper incident of last 

to Byron ; and as an historical piece, it is a month. Of the remaining papers we can only 

complete failure." The Reviews of New notice " Horse Offleanse," by a Man about 

Books evince activity and acumen ; though Town — akindofanecdotic reverie on Offley's 

we were surprised to read in one of them Tavern, in bygone days, or rather nights said 

that Dickens's writings are immoral and mornings, which would have furnished 

injurious. Bulwer with many an episode for his last 

The Sporting Review may, at first, be novel. This paper, making due allowance 
considered somewhat out of our pale ; but for the breadth of the subject, is cleverly 
we think otherwise; for its Editor, "Craven," written, or rather painted; the author ex- 
has succeeded in giving to his work a tone celling in that cAia-oscuro style, which so well 
and character which leave some of his con- depicts the lights and shades of London life, 
temporaries far afield. In his pages. Sport- The writer must be an old frequenter of 
ing is unassociated with vulgarity, manly Offley's (Frawley's) large and well-propor- 
tastes are advocated with energy and polish, tioned room, to our mind, the best apart- 
whilst there is a classic feeling on sporting ment of the kind in the town : no pictures, 
subjects, which is very agreeable. The placards, paper-hanging, or other vulgar 
Editor's ** History of the Turf" has so coffee-room finery, to disturb one's relish of 
pleased us with its poetic treatment that we the good things there provided. • The writer 



tflE MIRROR. isr 

thinks that tbe M scythe-bearer rarely and experience : however, we scarcely 
makes any perceptible chai^ in waiters : agree with the author, that Brighton is de- 
** they acquire, prematurely, in their youth, sirable as a winter residence for inyalids 
the appearance of a certain age, and for at who are suffering fh)m diseases which are 
least a generation, they look no older. You aggravated by the cold. To this article 
par-boil salmon to make it keep. The succeeds a review on Mr. Mushet's Papers 
waiter seems to have undergone a similar on Iron and Steel, which is ftdl of principles 
process at the outset of his career, and in and operations, such as constitute accurate 
its course to exemplify the conservative knowledge. Iron, by the way, has done 
effects. The French are right ; the proper more towards promoting civihzation than 
appellation for them, from the knife-board all the other metals ; its ** peculiar pro- 
to the grave, is gargon,** But surely, our perties reside in its being magnetic, and 
Man about Town makes Frawley too ugly : being capable of becoming permanenUy 
" be was lame, his hands were like the ma^etic, in its uniting to itself by welding, 
claws of a bear (?) he squinted awfully, all in its forming steel when associated wim 
the features were irregular. The face was carbon, and in its having a greater tension 
entirely, as artists say, out of drawing ; the than any other metal whatever ; that is, a 
head was on one side, like that of a magpie rod of iron of any given diameter will sup- 
peeping into a marrow-bone ; yet there was port a greater weight than a rod of any other 
an air of bonhomie and good fellowship about metal of the same diameter." The salts de- 
the expression of the countenance that rived from iron are used for various pro- 
courted your laugh rather than gave rise to cesses in the arts, and in medicine ; there- 
any averse or unpleasant feeling." Many fore, from the great utility of iron to man- 
doaens of chops as we have eaten, dressed kind, it will not be exaggeration to state, 
\if Frawley's own hands, we were not before ^* that were it possible that we could be de- 
nrare that he was originally a waiter at prived of it, or of the means of extracting it 
Bdlamy's, and, ** as such, was privileged to from its ores, the whole civilized world 
viteh, and occasionally admitted to assist, would at once sink into a comparative state 
the presiding priestess of the gridiron at of barbarism, there being no other metal 
tbe exercise of her mysteries." Frawley's that could supply its place." The next 
diop was thick and substantial ; the House paper treats of ** the Probable Duration of 
of Commons chop is small and thin, and the Present Supply of Coal," shewing that 
honourable members sometimes eat a dozen for many centuries to come the supply will 
at a sitting : commend us to the former (not be equal to the demand ; and, after England 
ibrgetting the shalot), and a nip of Burton and Scotiand are exhausted, the coal strata 
ale, notwithstanding the blundering zeal of Wales will last for 2000 years. This 
yith which this Staffordshire nectar was was shewn by Bakewell, several years 
assailed by the Useful Knowledge Society since I so, away with the idle fears of ex- 
some years since. But reader, there are no haustion ; poke the fire, and ** sing old Rose, 
such doings at Frawley's at this time of and bum me bellows." Next is a stringent 
day, as the writer of this paper relates : his critique on the present exhibition of the 
Kvaie is on ** the light of other days ;" British Institution, which it is almost una- 
time has thinned the ranks and groups of nimously agreed ** falls many degrees below 
tiw bright and buoyant ; and the ** large the average." A charming paper follows 
and well-proportioned room " is now fre- on Schindler's Life of Beethoven, edited by 
^oented by quiet, staid, and orderly people. Moscheles, full of characteristic anecdote : 
bthe writer aware that soon after the de- and, of the remainder, we can only notice 
pffftnre of the last of ** the old hosts" of the that Potts's Patent Picture-rail Moulding 
Qietropolis, " it was proposed to have his appears to have been anticipated by Dr. 
portrait painted;" but the picture, we be- Kitchiner, who describes such a contrivance 
lieve, fell to the ground before it was hung in one of his eccentric books ; and many 
v^ In conclusion, this paper overflows with years since he filled with it the rooms of his 
the esprit de table, and is '* witty, well-in- house in Warren Street, 
formed, and right joyously convivial" There is but a niche left, and that shall 
7^ Colonial Magazine contains a de- be well filled with the Pictorial ShaJtspere : 
fcription ofBritish Guiana, illustrated with the Winter's Tale, ** that delicious play," 
several large engravings on wood, which that takes us out of the empire of the real, 
are calcula^ to impress the reader with an ** to wander in some poetical sphere, where 
idea of the luxuriance of this fine country. Bohemia is but a name for a wild country 
The Histories of Money and the East India upon the sea, and the oracular voices of the 
Company appear to be stock papers wanting Pagan world are heard amidst the merri- 
that freshness of interest which should cha- ment of * Whitsun pastorals,' and the so- 
racterize a journal of new countries. lemnities of ' Christian burial ;' where the 
7%« Polytechnic Journal^ in its sixty-four * Emperor of Russia ' represents some dim 
solid miges, comprises a paper on Cold, by conception of a mighty monarch of far-off 
Mr. Forb^ Winslow, full of valuable ^cts lands ; and * that rare Italian master, Julio 



188 THE MIRROR. 

Romano,* standa as the abatract personifica- ney*8 contract, the charge pw annum for 

tion of exceUence in art" This is criticism lighting the House is lOOL, whilst that for 

that burns, and is worth a bushel of sifted, lighting the committee-rooms, hbrary, &c, 

word-quibbling. The Illustrations, from is 130^. The mghtiv cost m tite House of 

Mr. Harvey's graceful pencU, are admirably Commons itself is only 12s. Thus, by Mr. 

engraved : the frail flower and the ruthless Gumey's new method, there accrues to the 

storm; the majesty of sculpture and the country an annual saving of 1,03(M. Thisu, 

fiuniliar group of domestic life, come alike perhaps, the most profitable new light dihe 

to the accomplished artist <lay. 

By the way, Walpole says the intervals 

in The Winter's Tale are so long that there ^g^^ Soofe^. 
is time to go to Italy and back between 

«^^ *«*• Home Sketches and Foreign BecoHectiau. 
— ■ By Lady Chatterton. 

9xti atUi ^citnUfi* [All who have read Lady Chatterton's 

charming Rambles in the SouA of Irdtxnd^ 

IMMENSE ARTESIAN WELL. will cxpcct in the prcscut work a rich and 

At the sitting of AeAcad^mie des Sciences, ^^Jjf ^^^^ theto^ ^ R^^ri 

at Pans^on Ae 1st mstantK Ar^ made ^^^ ^^ ^^ fascinating book tiiat ire 

a Report on Ae Artesian WeU at GreneUe, ^ .^^ ^^^ m^yal^ng day : it is w 

detaiLng Ae difficuh^es of the undertaking ^ of^xquisite senfimentefand amiiUe 

The first time tiie borer feU into the ca^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ picturesquely graphic; 

was m 1834, when the perforation had been ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ love of the beaStiftl 

made to tiie deptii of 115 metre^377 and tiie pure-that we scarcely know how 

feet ; it was, J^<>^«^'» 8°05,/^^^ ?^ to convey to the reader an idei of the twik 

Reoperation proceed. ^^e^g^ofAe g^rable 4riety contamed in these volomei 

bars united measured384metres-l,260 feet: g^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^ ^ ^ 

not only these broke, but tiie enormous consecrated as tiie abodes of genius, or dearij 

'T^T^'^'f^J^.^P^^^tT "^Jl associated witii history-fSrm tiie staple, 

the sur£^, also feU to tiie bott^of the j^^^^ .^ ^^ forgotten, and tiie acooni- 

cavity, from a >^ht of 80 metres-262 ^^^ autiioress ventures to hope, tiiat of 

feet, and it required extraordinary exertions ^^ ^j^^, j^^_ foUowed her guidance 

to recover It, and draw it out agam ; tins ^ ^j^^ «^^^ 1^1^^,, ^ ^^^ ^^ leaStwiUbe 

was done by means of a windlass, worked ^^^^ ^^^ ^ accompany her tiiroo^ 

at tiie surface by horse-power, and occupied ^^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ j^/^ ^^^ ^ 
from May, 1837, to August, 1838. ^he ^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ j^ 

immensity of tills kbom: may be conceived, g^^d, m their flight to otiier laids. The 

^^nt'^jl^^^J^^'^^^T^fSl^ work contains t^ or tiiree mmveOetteii 

a depth of 460 metres-upwards of 2,000 ^ ^^ef as tiiese are, tiiey exceed our li- 

feet This difficulty being overcome, tiie ^;^ ^ ^j^^ ^^ must quote from tiie mow 

works were contmued, without any fresh ^jg^j^^ portion, 
misfortune, until April 8, 1840, when the *^ 

tdesoiTt another part of the borer, fell from a English and French WomenJ] 

considerable height with such force that it ^ French gentieman said to-day he 

penetrated tiie chalk below to tiie deptii of thought the generaUty of English womea 

26 metres — 83 feet This crated great ^ore frivolous, more devoted to tiie world - 

delay. In fine, a fourtii accident occurred ^^ dissipation, tiian tiie French. I ha^ J 

shortiy before tiie successful terminatLon, ^^^^ j^eard it asserted, that tiie convertt- 

when tiie metal spoon agam fell to the hot- ^^^ ^^ p^^^^^ women is more intellectoil, 5 

tom of tiie bore, having nearly attained its ^^at tiiey are more accustomed to convene 

extreme deptiL This time, M. Mulot ^^ interesting and hnportant subjects thaa 

tiiought It better not to attempt to draw it ^^^ English. This is very natural in a 

out, but to put It on one side by forcing it ^^^ ^j^ere conversational powers and 

horizontally mto tiie eartii, so as not to ob- agreeabiUty in society are so much esteemei 

struct tiie passage.— Tune*; abridged, ^^^ ^^ imputation of tiie frivoUty of Eng- 

LIGHTING THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. ^^ ^^^^^ ^J'''^^ ^9:^7 ^^^ ""digM- 

tion among the Englishmen present My 

Mr. Gumey*s mode of lighting the idea is that we are moce frivolous than we 

House of Commons has been found very used to be — ^more than the last gen