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of tbe 

Gatfeolic IRecorb Society 

Vol. VI I 

The Catholic Record Society was founded 
June 10, 1904, for printing and distributing 
to its Members original Records, both his 
torical and genealogical, relative to English 
Catholics since the Reformation. 

All Rights Reserved 
by the Society 











ftbte tflolume is 
3ssueo to tbe Members for 1908*9 



List of Illustrations ...... . . viii 

Introduction to the Bedingfeld Papers ..... ix 

Contributed by J. H. Pollen, SJ. 


No. i. Meditations on the Passion (1646) i 

No. 2. His children and their godparents . . . . -13 

No. 3. The case about the Oxburgh living (8 November 1713) . 15 

Petition to King Charles II. (? November 1660) (R.O., Dom. 

Ch. //., xxii. 125) ........ 16 

No. i. Margaret, Lady Bedingfeld to Lady Yarmouth (s.d. ? 1683) 

(British Museum, Add. MSS. 27,448, 212). . . 20 

No. 2. The Sydenham Prayer-Book (? 1590) ... 22 

i. Introductory; Good Queen Mary s Prayer ... 23 

2. Hymns and Proses . . . . . . . -27 

3. Miscellaneous ....... 30 and 32 

4. Mass and Holy Communion . . . . . 31 

5. Litanies . . 34 


No. i. Memorandum Book (about 1698) ..... 33 

i. Family Notes ......... 36 

2. Oxburgh Property ........ 37 

No. 2. Thomas Marwood s Memoranda (1685-1698) . . 41 

No. 3. Thomas Marwood s Diary (1699-1703) .... 44 

i. The Jubilee at Lierre (August to October 1699) . . 45 

2. Brussels (October 1699 to January 1700) ... 49 

3. Lierre (January to May 1700) 57 

4. Bornheim (May to October 1700) 64 

5. The Journey to France (November, December 1700) . 75 
NOTE by Father L. Willaert, S.J., on the Localities in Belgium 

mentioned by Marwood ....... 80 

6. Paris (December 1700 to January 1701) .... 85 

7. First Year at La Fleche (1701) 92 

8. The Second Year (1702) ...... 116 

9. The Third Year (1703) ....... 140 

NOTE on La Fleche 158 



i. Jacobitism . . . . . . . . .161 

Sir Henry Bedingfeld to the Duke of Newcastle (29 February 

1745, B.M., Add. MSB. 32,702, f. 115) . . . .162 
The Same to Lord Hardwicke, with Lord Hardwicke s answer, 

and Sir Henry to the Same (October 19, 23, 28, 1745, Add. 

MSS. 35,588, ff. 135, 143, i53) I(5 3 

2. The Detection of Archibald Bower . . . . 165 
Thomas Birch, D.D., to John Davidson (i June 1756, Sloane 

AfSS. 4234, n. 92) ........ 169 

Sir H. Bedingfeld to Lord Hardwicke (19 February 1756, Add. 

MSS. 35,594, f. 35) J ?6 

The Same to Dr. Birch (21 February 1756, Sloane, 4234, n. 64). 176 

The Same to Lord Hardwicke (22 February, Add. 35,594, f- 36) 177 
The Same to Dr. Birch (13 April, Sloane, 4234, n. 66) . .178 

The Same to the Same (17 June, ibid., n. 69) .... 181 
Dr. Birch to Sir H. Bedingfeld (26 June, ibid., n. 82) . .181 

Sir H. Bedingfeld to Dr. Birch (3 July, ibid., n. 72) . . . 182 

Dr. Birch to Sir H. Bedingfeld (10 July, ibid., n. 81) . . . 183 

Sir H. Bedingfeld to Dr. Birch (12 July, ibid., n. 74) . . . 183 

Dr. Birch to Sir H. Bedingfeld (15 July, ibid., n. 76) . . . 185 

Sir H. Bedingfeld to Dr. Birch (7 October, ibid., n. 77) . . 186 

The Same to the Same (5 November, Sloane, 4300, n. 224) . 187 

The Same to the Same (14 January 1757, ibid., n. 226) . . 188 

The Same to the Same (15 January, ibid., 227) . . . . 188 

The Same to the Same (5 February, ibid., n. 250) . . . 190 

3. Miscellaneous Letters 
Sir H. Bedingfeld to the Duke of Newcastle (17 September 1758, 

Add. 32,884, f. 38) ..... 193 

The Same to the Same (6 November 11^, Add. 31,067, f. 115) . 193 

The Same to Dr. Birch (18 November 1758, Sloane, 4300, f. 233) 194 
The Same to the Duke of Newcastle (22 October, Add. 32,897, 

f. 3) . . .194 

4. School Accounts for Richard and Edward Bedingfeld at 

St. Omers, 1737-1747 195 

i. Memorandum Book (1730-1794) ..... 200 

2. Memoranda of Mr. Edward Bedingfeld (1754-1791) . 208 
3. School Accounts for his son Richard (1782-1784) . . 211 
4. Sir Richard s funeral . . . . . . .211 


Confirmations (1805) and Obituary (1797-1811) . . . 225 



i. Extracts from Parish Registers . . . . .226 

2. Monuments . . . . . . . . .228 

3. Pedigree, and notes on the Pedigree .... 231 

4. Miscellaneous Extracts . . . . . . -238 


tributed by John Hob son Matthews .... 246 


ST. CLARE S ABBEY, DARLINGTON, 1759-1858. Edited 

by Joseph S. Hansom . . . . . 2 55 

IV. EVERINGHAM PAPISTS, 1767. Edited by Joseph S. Hansom 257 
SHIRE, 1771-1884. With historical notes of the chap 
laincy and mission by Joseph Gillow. Contributed by 
Joseph S. Hansom .... . . 260 

1839. With historical notes by Joseph Gilloiv. Con 
tributed by Miss Agnes Dolan and Joseph S. Hansom . 296 
BERLAND, 1796-1839. With historical notes by Joseph 
Gillow. Contributed by the Rev. Matthew Culley and 

Francis M Ininly 3 J 9 

With historical notes by Joseph Gillow. Contributed by 
Major Francis J. A. Skeet . . . . -353 

1793. CONTINUED AT OXFORD, 1793-1834. With 
historical notes by the Hon. Mrs. Bryan Stapleton. Con 
tributed by Joseph S. Hansom . . . 388 
WITH FOUR PEDIGREES. Contributed by Richard 
Thackeray Bedingfeld ... -423 

INDEX. Compiled and contributed by Mrs. Seymour Spencer 435-492 


1. The Bedingfeld Family. Votive picture, commemo 

rating their escape from the Civil Wars. (Photo 
gravure) see p. 1 9 . . . . . . . Frontispiece 

2. Sir Henry Bedingfeld, the Cavalier (d. 1656), and his 

wife Elizabeth (Houghton) (</. 1662) . . . To face p. 5 

3. Colonel Thomas Bedingfeld (d. 1665) . . . 16 

4. Sir Henry Bedingfeld, the First Baronet (d. 1685), 

and his wife Margaret (Paston) (d. 1702) . ,,20 

5. Sir Henry Bedingfeld, the Second Baronet (d. 1704) 34 

6. Canon Edmund Bedingfeld (d. 1680); Sisters Anne 

and Margaret Bedingfeld (dd. 1701, 1714), Ord. 

Carm. . 58 

7. Elizabeth Bedingfeld, Mrs. Weatenhall (d. 1656); 

Mary Bedingfeld, Mrs. Eyre (d. 1710); with John 
Bedingfeld (? of Wickmere, 1693); Edward Beding 
feld, of York (d. 1715) ,,90 

8. Margaret Bedingfeld, Lady Jerningham (d. 1756); 

Frances Bedingfeld, Lady Anderton (d. 1722) ; Sir 
Henry Arundell Bedingfeld (d. 1760) ; Lady Eliza 
beth Boyle, afterwards Lady Bedingfeld (d. 1751) . ,,112 

9. First lines of Marwood s Diary, and Sketch Map of 

the district round La Fleche . . . . ,,128 

i o. Prize Book of " Mr. Nelson," and Marwood s tomb 
stone . . . . 156 

11. Sir Richard Bedingfeld, the Fourth Baronet (d. 1 795) ; 

Sir Richard Bedingfeld, the Fifth Baronet (d. 1829), 

and Lady Charlotte Bedingfeld (d. 1854) . . ,,198 

12. Genealogical tree of the descendants of Sir Henry 

the Cavalier }j 238 

13. Oxburgh Hall .... ,,244 

14. Waterperry Registers. Facsimile of two pages . 400 



No one who has dipped even slightly into the history of the English 
Catholics during the times of persecution can doubt that the preserva 
tion of the Faith during that time of trial was due to the Catholic 
gentry. Like all broad generalisations, this statement is of course 
liable to exceptions, and will need safeguards if it is narrowed down 
to particular cases. There can, however, be no question that where 
the gentry fell away, there the Faith was condemned to neglect and 
exile, and gradually failed. On the other hand, the old sentiment that 
an Englishman s house should be his castle, made it possible for the 
Catholic squire to make some head against crushing laws, the abso 
lutism of the Crown, and Protestant bigotry when he was supported 
by faithful tenants and (below, p. 3) aided by friendly neighbours 
(below, pp. 163, 164), especially in days when all, even the magistrates, 
were imbued with respect for the upper classes (pp. 21, 165). 

But why Catholicism lived on in this house more than in that, it 
is usually impossible for us to tell. In the case of one or two of the 
chief noble houses that kept to the ancient Faith, such as the Howards, 
the Petres, and the Montagues, there is indeed a fair amount of 
material accessible in print to which recourse might be had, and 
there is also much for some individual Catholics. But to trace from 
printed sources the domestic life of any Catholic family (not of noble 
rank) for three or four generations would at present be extremely 
difficult,* though it is probable enough that there is a good deal of 
valuable manuscript material extant in one place or another which 
would, if it were properly collected and published, throw a very 
interesting light on the domestic annals of our Catholic forefathers. 

The manuscript materials preserved at Oxburgh Hall are probably 
not richer or more numerous than those to be found in other old 
houses that could be named. On the contrary, the devastation which 
it endured during the Civil Wars makes it likely that its muniments have 
been depleted to a more than usual degree. Yet there remain, as the 
reader will see, a certain number of letters, diaries, journals, and other 
family memoirs which, taken together, tell us a good deal about the 
life of a Catholic family during the penal times, and these have been 
printed below. 

It is hardly necessary to add that no attempt has been made to 

# May I express the hope that the MS. history of the Poulton family, now in the 
archives of the Bishop of Southwark, may soon find a copyist and an editor? 


collect the records of the family as a whole, much less to write its 
history, interesting as that history would be. 

Incidentally, of course, many important facts connected with the 
family are touched upon here or there, and the chief authorities are 
alluded to in a way that will, I hope, make the work of the future his 
torian easier than it was. 

He should begin with the Genealogical Supplement contributed by 
Mr. Richard Thackeray Bedingfeld, which he will find at the very end 
of the book. The inverted order is not difficult to understand. Mr. 
Bedingfeld worked on records of one age and class ; I was occupied 
with those of a different series and a later period, and unfortunately I 
got into press first. It was not till after my contribution had been 
printed off that I had the opportunity of submitting it to him. The 
result has been the publication in print of a study on the early history 
of the Bedingfeld family, the interest and value of which can hardly 
be overstated. That Mr. Bedingfeld should have been ready to throw 
into a note at the end of this volume the results of a life-study, which 
in itself certainly deserved a first place, or altogether separate treat 
ment, is a favour on his part for which, on behalf of all members of 
the Catholic Record Society, I must heartily thank him.* 

From the various picturesque details to be found in this Supple 
ment, as well as in Section IX., a clear idea may be formed of the 
vigour and endurance of the family whose fortunes we are following, 
and the vision of their beautiful home (p. 244) must be added to the 
background of every scene of their history. Not slight assuredly has 
been the influence upon generation after generation of Bedingfelds 
which has been exerted by those battlemented towers, that fresh-flowing 
moat, those halls and courts and corridors, those family pictures, 
charter-chests, and rolls of arms, which give to the venerable home at 
Oxburgh so unique and irresistible a charm. It was always impossible 
to live there without being influenced to some extent by the genius loci, 
by the memory of that long and ancient line, which had kept faith 
with God and the Church, with King and family, while all that was 
mortal of it rested either in the church beyond the garden, or in the 
chapel hard by. 

Of all the tombs in the Bedingfeld Chapel in Oxburgh Church, the 
finest, no doubt, is that of Sir Henry, the Lieutenant of the Tower under 

* The whole of my section in The Various Branches of the Bedingfeld Family 
(pp. 231, 232) must be considered as superseded by Mr. R. T. Bedingfeld s Supple 
ment (pp. 423-434). In particular, page 231, line 38, for "his youngest brother," 
read "of Fleming s Hall," and for "grandson," read "great-grandson." On page 
232, line 3, for "probably . . . Strode," read "son of Charles of Swatishall, after 
wards Swattisfield Hall, and Agatha Cook, see p. 434." On p. 18, note, for 
" Perhaps Henry . . . Hale," read " of Swatishall, see p. 427." To note on p. 106 
add, "see p. 427." 


Queen Mary. But he has no place in our records. For though there 
are some important State letters at Oxburgh which refer to the politics 
in which he was engaged, there are no papers that I could find which 
throw light on his character, or social or private life. The earliest 
papers of this class are connected with Sir Henry the Cavalier, and 
owing to the calamities that befell his closing years, it is the spiritual 
and religious side of his character which here comes out clearly, 
though it must be admitted that at some periods of his life he had 
temporised (p. 2). This wavering, however, would seem not to have 
regarded essentials, on which he certainly confessed his faith bravely.* 
The meditations contain at least one strange point ( n), and suggest 
various problems indicated on pp. 3 and 4. 

However good of their class the meditations composed by the 
imprisoned knight, however superior (in spite of their outrageous 
spelling) to what most men of our day would write under similar 
circumstances, one cannot but notice in them a considerable falling 
off from the literary ability displayed in the Elizabethan collection, 
contained in the Sydenham Prayer-Book (pp. 22-34). Even apart 
from the interesting discovery of Good Queen Mary s Prayer, "which 
she used everye mornynge all her lyfe tyme" (pp. 23-27), and the new 
poem by the Venerable Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel (p. 29), we 
have here several new Elizabethan Catholic hymns, and one or two of 
still older date. Besides this, Catholicity amongst the Sydenhams is in 
itself somewhat of a discovery, for the family has hitherto been ranked 
as Protestant. Yet here is incontestable proof that the ancient Faith 
was lingering on within doors, though the head of the family was a 

How the family and the Catholic tenantry at Oxburgh survived 
the ruin of the Civil Wars our papers tell us very, very little, though the 
few hints we meet with are ominous enough. If the country gentle 
man s house, respected as it usually was by all the neighbourhood, had 
hitherto formed the only breakwater against the storm of persecution, 
what must have been the fate of the little flock, when the family was 

# I find I have omitted at p. 2 an incident of some importance for the Cavalier s 
religious opinions. On the 2Oth of November 1641 the House of Lords was informed, 
through William Shales, once a falconer at Oxburgh, that while making inquiries 
about hawking in Ireland, the Cavalier had used words which were supposed to 
betoken that he meant to join the Irish insurgents, " for that there was no safety in 
England for any of his religion." Hereupon the knight was sent for, and his papers 
put under seal. But on his appearance ten days later he entirely acquitted himself, 
was discharged, and the seals were taken away. Mr. Pool, whom the suspicious 
Shales, evidently a non-Catholic, had supposed to be a priest, but who was certainly 
Henry Widmerpool, the knight s steward (C.R.S. vi.), appeared at the same time. 
Sir Henry solemnly declared him not to be a priest, and he under oath confirmed 
his master s explanation of the words addressed to Shales. J. Nalson, Impartial 
Collections of Great Affairs of State (1683), ii. 660, 66 1, 690, 691. 


driven from its seat, and when the management of the estate was taken 
over by the Puritan tax-farmers ! Happily perhaps for us, no record 
of life at Oxburgh during that gloomy time remains; but if we may 
judge by analogy from what we read concerning martyrs and confessors 
of the period, the fate of Catholics in most parts of England was then 
pitiful in the extreme. 

After the fighting was over, and peace had regained its sway over 
the majority, the demands of humanity and justice began to be more 
widely respected, and it became possible for the family to settle down 
again, not indeed at Oxburgh, but at Beck Hall, not so far off, though 
how they eventually weathered the storm is still a matter of conjecture. 
Probably they had friends and relatives on both sides, who managed 
to discover for them a modus vivendi. It is curious to note in a 
history like this (and especially in Marwood s Diary, 58, 59, &c.) how 
often the genealogical tree is found to supply an explanation of family 
movements, and in particular of movements affecting the children. In 
this case the intermediaries may have been Sir Thomas or Mr. Anthony 
Bedingfeld, M.P., who are mentioned on pp. 231, 428, 434. 

As it must be a very ill wind that blows nobody any good, so even 
the Civil Wars brought advantage to a certain section of the Catholic 
community, and to that section which one might least have expected 
it to benefit. Never were the Catholic convents on the Continent 
more flourishing in spirit and in numbers than during the Civil War 
period and immediately after. One obvious reason for this was the 
immense difficulty which English Catholic girls at that time would 
experience in finding suitable homes in their own country. No wonder 
that the holy peace and fruitful life of the convents abroad were more 
than ever loved and sought after, even though their revenues were 
reduced to a vanishing point through the impoverishment of the 
Catholics at home. The Bedingfeld family (of the Redlingfield, not 
the Oxburgh line) well exemplifies this unusual religious movement, for 
a whole generation of sisters, not less than eleven in number, followed 
by their mother to make up the twelve, then became nuns in various 
convents abroad (below pp. 240, 433), and the names of several are still 
notable in the annals of convent history, more than half their number 
having eventually become the heads of their respective sisterhoods. 

Not least amongst these was Frances, the first since the Reforma 
tion to re-establish convent life in England upon a permanent basis ; her 
foundation at the Bar Convent, York, being now the oldest house of its 
kind in this country. She was also the first to start a religious establish 
ment at Hammersmith, in which again religious life still perseveres, 
though the sisters are now (after several changes) Nuns of the Sacred 
Heart. This Hammersmith foundation is, by an odd coincidence, 
also connected with the Bedingfelds of Oxburgh. For when Frances 


first offered to take the house there, the landlord looked askance at 
her poor widow s dress (the only approach to a nun s habit then pos 
sible), but on hearing that she was a Bedingfeld, he at once said 
that he would trust her " for Coronel Bedingfeld s sake, who was so 
worthy and honourable a gentleman, and just dead out of the house." * 
Thus we are brought back to the Bedingfelds of Oxburgh, and at the 
same time we learn the place of Colonel Thomas s death, and also a 
testimony in his commendation, which affords a valuable corrective 
to the references made by his brother and nephew at pp. 5 and 36. 

The reason why the Colonel had retired to Hammersmith was, 
doubtless, because of the ruin that had befallen the Oxburgh property 
(pp. 16, 17, 37). He had pledged the timber for ^600, and there 
was talk of " pulling down the houses," though how that would have 
been an economy, it is hard to see. Sir Henry, the first baronet, who 
was already established at Beck Hall, now succeeded to the Oxburgh 
property. He does not, however, seem to have migrated thither, but 
to have handed the Hall over to his son Henry (afterwards second 
baronet), who had just married a well-to-do wife, Lady Anne Howard. t 

Upon the whole, the Bedingfelds had much to be thankful for at 
this period, in spite of all their losses. Though they did not get back 
Eriswell (p. 17), though many of the "great matters," which they were 
led to expect, " proved nothing but Court Holy Water," still the effect of 
the war on the minds of the King and of all those who sided with him 
was to soften down many an old prejudice against the Catholics, the 
most loyal, though the most oppressed, subjects of the realm. We 
meet with many indications (pp. 19, 20, 21, 37, 241, &c.) that the 
family was now in greater favour than ever before, and that the state 
of ostracism, in which most Catholics had had to live at earlier times, 
had in great measure passed away. 

A vivid and interesting illustration of their improved fortunes is 
the family group, of which a photogravure forms our frontispiece. 
That it commemorates the escape of the family from the grave perils 
of that hazardous time is clear at sight, but the significance of the 
details is so far undetermined. J 

At the time of Oates s plot the family had something to suffer, like 

* St. Mary s Convent, York, p. 60. I should have added in my note at p. 240 
below that this book contains a very interesting portrait of Mother Frances, and 
perhaps the fullest printed account (pp. 44-60) of the eleven Bedingfeld nun sisters. 

t The first baronet, even after death, was given the distinctive epithet " of 
Beck Hall " (p. 242). The second baronet speaks on p. 38 of " Purchases made by 
me H. B. since 1668," and on the previous page he says he is going back to the 
time " when first I came to live," i.e. at Oxburgh. The inference clearly is that he 
came in 1668. 

J The figures are, I fancy, painted from the portraits reproduced at pp. 20, 34, 90. 
It is therefore posterior to them, and certainly inferior to them in execution. 


most of their co-religionists. The only explicit reference to them 
which I have noticed is in Father Peter Hamerton s vivid description 
of his adventures at that crisis, and is very brief. 

Father Hamerton reports that Father Richard Strange made in 
quiries "concerning the searches (sic) made after him at Sir Henry 
Benefields." * Whether these searches took place at Beck Hall, or 
Oxburgh, or in both places, does not appear. As there was more than 
one search, Oxburgh is not likely to have escaped. As to this, it may 
not be amiss to call to mind that few ordeals of the persecution were more 
onerous and painful than that of having one s house turned topsy-turvy 
by a horde of Puritan fanatics, t It is likely that there were several 
"searches" during the time of Elizabeth, as well as during the Civil 
Wars. The last " search" was during the 45, when Sir Henry Arundell 
Bedingfeld, partly by reason of his many friends, but chiefly through his 
tact and skill, succeeded in avoiding serious consequences (p. 165). 

This, however, is anticipating. We must go back to that very 
interesting personality Thomas Marwood, who has contributed so 
many interesting pages to the Bedingfeld Memoirs. He was a convert, 
but the Memoranda which we have relating to this event gives us very 
few details, though they show us a man of very remarkable earnestness, 
self-denial, high principle, and piety (pp. 41-44). His Diary throws a 
very welcome light on the life of Catholics beyond the seas, where they 
were free to practise their religion, and gladly availed themselves of 
their liberty. Marwood s attention is of course principally fixed on his 
young charge, and he watches over his health and education with the 
most devoted constancy ; but he also has eyes for all that is going on 
around, and he has recorded the names of a great number of other 
English exiles, some Jacobites, but mostly Catholics, who do not dis 
play very extraordinary zeal on behalf of the fallen house (pp. 86, 118), 
and there were numerous English convents to be visited, and in 
most of which there was some relative or connection, who made them 
welcome. We can see how thoroughly Marwood enjoyed the open 
churches, the great ceremonies, the long but often excellent sermons, 
the pilgrimages, shrines, relics, the active works of charity, and the 
various religious objects and practices which are usual in Catholic 
countries, but were then almost unknown in poor England. 

Though it is sad to see how many young Catholics educated along 
with Henry Arundell Bedingfeld afterwards lost their faith amid the 
deceptions and severities, the threats and coaxings of penal laws and 
worldly advisers (pp. 94, 116, 117, 194, &c.), it might nevertheless, one 

* II. Foley, Records, v. 624. 

t I may refer, for detailed examples of the horrors attending " searches," to 
J. Morris, Troubles ef our Catholic Forefathers, i. 207-22 1 ; Idem, Life of Father John 
Gerard, 135-153 ; H. Foley, Records S.J., iv. 70-72. 


would think, have been prognosticated that a boy so talented, amiable, 
and high-principled as Henry Arundell Bedingfeld, would have been 
sure to make his mark as a Catholic in later life. In truth his time 
did come, but not until old age was setting in, and infirmities had 
sapped his strength and vigour. The occasion came through the fall 
of one who should, if he had been true to his vocation, have been a 
strong support to the Catholic cause. 

This was Archibald Bower, a Scotchman, once a Jesuit, and a man 
of good (though not extraordinary) abilities, who had fallen igno- 
miniously in Italy, and then endeavoured to make out that he was a 
martyr to the Roman Inquisition. After several half-hearted (or, as 
many thought, only half-sincere) attempts to put himself right, he 
became more hostile than ever to Catholics, assailed them virulently 
in the press, and caused violent measures of persecution to be taken 
against his Catholic kith and kin. The matter interested Sir Henry 
Arundell all the more, as the then Jesuit Provincial, Father Carteret, 
who had had much to do with Bower, had also at one time been 
chaplain at Oxburgh. The Baronet, therefore, exerted his influence 
among his Protestant friends to unmask the rascal s insincerity. Alban 
Butler, the ablest Catholic writer of the day, had indeed already exposed 
Bower s deceits and pretensions, but, being a Catholic, he had not won 
a hearing. The correspondence printed below will show in detail how 
Sir Henry prevailed on Protestant writers of distinction to undertake 
the same task, and with entire success. Though there were a few 
critical moments, when nervous Catholics were in anxiety as to " what 
lengths revenge may make some great persons take" (p. 184), the 
defeat of the anti-Catholic writer was complete. Though there still 
remained fanatics, whom no reasons could convince, the good under 
standing between Catholics and fair-minded Protestants was unmistak 
ably improved. 

The Bedingfeld papers show but few indications of the great 
changes that affected the lot of Catholics at the close of the eighteenth 
century. If that whole generation was notoriously unadventuresome 
and humdrum, the then representative of the family was the most 
stop-at-home member of it that we meet with ; yet he, too, has left some 
notes of the dark hours that preceded the dawn (pp. 198-210). Sad 
memories are those, which are connected with his brief references 
to the "Curse of Cowdray," the Gordon Riots, the outbreak of the 
French Revolution, and the migration to England of the convents 
that had existed for so long in Flanders. More satisfactory are the 
references to the two Emancipation Acts, and with them we may 
conclude this general sketch of the matters of wider Catholic interest 
referred to in the papers before us. There are, of course, a variety 
of other topics worthy of attention, the various educational systems in 


which the boys of the family were educated at Brussels, Bornhem, 
La Fleche, St. Omers, Old Hall, Liege, Angers, &c., should all deserve 
more than passing note. It is curious again that the first confirmation 
held at Oxburgh should have been as late as 1805. 

It remains for me to express my thanks to all those who have given 
me assistance, and in the first place to Sir Henry and Lady Bedingfeld, 
who not only gave me every possible convenience for seeing and 
studying their papers, but who also actively assisted in this publication 
by copying, annotating, supplying photographs, and giving information 
of many sorts. I must also again express my obligations to Father 
P. Ryan, S.J., and to Miss Stearn for varied help, without which I 
should not have been able to undertake this publication. 




THE earliest personal memoirs which have so far been found at Oxburgh 
relate to the Cavalier who behaved so gallantly and suffered so grievously 
in the Civil Wars. His monument in Oxburgh Church calls him the Seven 
teenth Knight of his family, but it will be more convenient for us to style 
him here by the honourable epithet of Cavalier, which he so well deserved. 
The dire calamities which befell Oxburgh Hall during the Civil Wars no 
doubt explain why we know so little about one whose life was presumably 
as full, if not more full of incident than that of any other bearer of his name. 
Be this as it may, we have before us only a "Case" by Thomas Marwood, 
of whom we shall hear more later, a few notes on the christening of his 
children, and his " Meditations in the Tower." The latter may be given 
first, for though on the one hand they may be classed under literature or 
asceticism, yet on closer attention it will be found that they tell us not a little 
of the personality of their writer and of the misfortunes he was passing 

Sir Henry ruled at the Hall for an unusually long time, for his father died 
in 1 590, when he was a mere child. The times were indeed stirring, but very 
dangerous for Catholics. He would have just remembered the Armada and 
have had some recollections of the times of danger to the realm that pre 
ceded and followed it. More vividly would he have recalled the better 
things that followed the accession of King James, soon to be succeeded by 
the sharp outbreak of persecution that ensued after the Powder Plot. These 
difficulties lasted for twenty years, till the match of Charles with the Princess 
of France brought a short breathing space. 

Partly to avoid these protracted evils, partly, I think, in pursuit of 
education and adventure, and partly perhaps because of a bereavement, of 
which more immediately, Sir Henry obtained as early as November 23, 
1607, a licence to travel for three years in company with Francis, son of 
Lord William Howard {Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1603-1610). 
His fellow traveller was the founder of the family of Howards of Corby 
Castle, and he had married his sister Mary, the daughter of Lord William 
Howard of Naworth, " Belted Will" of Border Minstrelsy, and the founder 
of the family of the Earls of Carlisle. 

The Lady Mary bore him one son, Thomas, and then died. We do 
not know the precise date, but it may well have been before 1607, and 
if so might account for his journey abroad. He subsequently married 
Elizabeth Houghton, by whom he had eleven children, some of whom, 
however, died infants. 

In 1620 Sir Henry was Sheriff of Norfolk, in 1626 he was on the Com 
mission of Peace (Mason, History of Norfolk, \. 256). Between these 
dates he was occupied in raising troops for the war in the Palatinate. All 
this was connected with the slow and gradual relaxation of persecution, 
which, as we have said, followed the French match. 

On the 2 ist of July 1626, Secretary Conway wrote a letter to 
Attorney-General Heath, inquiring whether King Charles could comply 
with the recommendations of the Queen Mother of France in regard to 
Sir Henry Bedingfeld. Unfortunately we have neither got the recom 
mendations of the French queen, nor the answer of the Crown lawyer, so 
we cannot carry our inferences very far. But we see plainly that Sir Henry 



has now acquired a very powerful patroness, and we know that her in 
fluence in favour of humanity and toleration was considerable. So we are 
not surprised to see at our next passing glance (Domestic Calendar, 
February 2, 1638) signs of prosperity, even of affluence. We hear that 
he has lately "purchased divers manors in Norfolk." Law proceedings 
indeed were threatened in regard to certain rights, thereby affected ; but 
the general import of the paper is clearly indicative of improvement. 

At last in July 1639 (Calendar, ibid.} Sir Henry received "his Majesty s 
letters of grace in bar of the laws against Recusants." This grant formed 
the high-water mark of his worldly fortunes. But the long-awaited relief 
was only of short duration. Three years more and a series of overwhelming 
calamities would commence. 

When the Civil War broke out he with his sons Thomas, Henry, and 
William raised forces and fought on the king s side. The three sons were 
commissioned as colonel and captain of horse and captain ; while his sons- 
in-law, Robert Apreece of Washingley and William Cobbe of Sandringham, 
were also colonels in the loyalist ranks. The misfortunes, however, which 
attended the royal arms soon overtook them. The county of Norfolk came 
under the power of the Puritans at an early date. Just beyond its borders, 
indeed, the young Bedingfelds would have fought on with better hopes. 
Lynn itself held out as late as the i6th of September 1643, and Lincoln 
with varying fortune, taken for the second time October the 2oth, 1643, 
was recaptured by Prince Rupert. But finally the cathedral close was 
carried by assault on the 6th of May 1644, at which time Colonel Apreece 
was shot in cold blood as a Papist, and Thomas Bedingfeld, as we shall 
hear him say below, was wounded and taken prisoner. 

It has been stated (by Mrs. Herbert Jones in Sandringham Past and 
Present, 1887, p. 85) that Sir Henry, with Sir Hamon le Strange and his son, 
Roger le Strange, Sir Richard Hovell of Hillington, and others, with their 
retainers, had ridden to the assistance of Lynn, with the result that Sir Henry 
was taken as one of the hostages who were kept until the conditions of the 
surrender of Lynn were fulfilled. 

She quotes for this "a curious narrative of the siege of Lynn, contained 
in a small pamphlet printed soon after by G. Bishop and R. White (a copy 
in the possession of E. M. Beloe, Esq., of King s Lynn), which gives many 
particulars, and states that Sir Henry was one of the hostages," &c. But 
there is a copy of what seems to be this very tract in the British Museum, 
A brief and true relation of the Seige and Surrendering of Kings Lynn to the 
Earl of Manchester (same printers), and in this Sir Henry s name is never 
mentioned at all ! I imagine, nevertheless, that the authoress has not been 
mistaken as to the facts she relates, but has inadvertently ascribed them to 
the wrong source. 

As to this and many other events in the life of the Cavalier, which do 
not proximately concern the papers before us, much must be left to some 
future historian of the Bedingfelds. Many interesting details might certainly 
be discovered about his recusancy * and his property. Especially important 
would it be to clear up the crowning events of his life. Why, if he was at 
first kept as a hostage, was he subsequently confined to the Tower? Why 
did he, according to Wotton s MS., " narrowly escape death"? How long 
did his confinement last ? t 

\Vhatever be the eventual answer to these questions, it will suffice for 
the understanding of the papers which follow to remember that our Cavalier, 
after having gradually recovered the high station in life, which by birth 

* Sir Henry had sometimes conformed. Edward Bedingfeld, his cousin, wrote 
in 1614: "My chief relative is Sir Henry Bedingfeld a schismatic" (Foley, 
Records, S.J., \. 571). But this must have been temporary, as is clear from King 
Charles s dispensation. 

| See also below, A otes on the Bedingfeld Pedigree. 


belonged to him, was exposed at the age of sixty to repeated and crushing 
defeats in the field of battle, to confiscation of goods, to confinement in the 
closest of prisons, and to the risk of death on the gallows. 

Moreover his estate had been sequestered (before 5th June 1648), he 
was not admitted to compound for delinquency, and trustees were ap 
pointed to receive the rents and profits of his estate {Calendar, Dom. 
Chas. /., 1648-9, p. 98), and from now onwards there are a good many 
entries regarding the property in the papers of the Committee for Com 
pounding. Their true meaning is often quite different from what appears 
on the surface, for we know that the family managed eventually to buy 
back most of the estate underhand, through the intervention of friends. 
A few points, however, are clear. One is that the tenants loyally 
held out for their master for several years, for the Parliamentary receiver 
complains even in 1650 that the rents are often secretly paid to Sir 
Henry and that he can get very little. Nevertheless, it is also clear that 
soon after this the screw was tightened and the payments were made, 
amounting to ,1638 per year. Between the 24th of March and the 
i6th of October 1652 the estates were sold, and the figures given in the 
Calendar (pp. 2622-2626) correspond fairly with those given in the paper, 
printed by Betham (Baronetage, ii. 195) and others, in which the total 
loss is given at .47,194, i8s. 8d. It is clear that these figures are not 

In 1655 there were new troubles. Henry Bedingfeld, the second son (see 
below, III.), was in confinement at Lynn for fourteen weeks, and on the 3rd 
of October "Captain W. Bedingfeld of Ashill, Colonel Cobbe, Colonel John 
Paston, and Colonel Bedingfeld were sent prisoners to London." There was 
probably some idea of their being connected with the attempts, now often 
made, against Cromwell s life. It would seem, however, that they cleared 
themselves, for Colonel Thomas got a licence to cross the seas (February 18, 
1658), and afterwards Dorothy Paston and Frances Bedingfeld obtained 
a similar permission. But the aged Cavalier did not survive to see this 
amelioration in the state of his family. In the autumn of 1657 his strength 
began to fail under a combined attack of " Quartan ague and Dropsy." At 
last, after ten weeks illness, he breathed his last on the 22nd of November 
1657. He was buried in the family chapel at Oxburgh, but his monument 
must have been erected later. 

As to the light thrown by the Meditations now printed on the personality 
of their author, we have only to ask ourselves what the ordinary inference is 
when we find a soldier (who, as we hear below, " was a great Sportsman and 
kept a great house ") writing with his own hand and sending to his wife 
"Meditations on the sufferings of Christ" and "Aspirations of a devout Soul 1 ? 
Does it not at once vividly bring before us the Catholic of those days, 
though loyal to all extremities, yet robbed, imprisoned, rejected by the 
world, with but one refuge, prayer and patience ? This volume is the keep 
sake of her husband, which his wife treasured "in her closett" until her 
death, and which their descendants have ever since honoured as the most 
venerable memorial of their great ancestor. And so it undoubtedly is. The 
words, the thoughts, the circumstances of the composition, even (as we shall 
see) the reticences, speak to us clearly of a calm, strong, courageous soul, 
with a natural facility in the use of his mother-tongue, lovingly and sincerely 
true to the principles of his religion. 

Turning to the structure and composition of these meditations, we shall 
easily perceive that though the spelling be below the average, even for those 
days, the composition itself is correspondingly above what might ordinarily 
have been expected from a soldier, sportsman, and man of the world. In 
deed there seems to be an art in them which it is difficult to consider due to 
the unaided skill of a novice in literature. Notice the skilful way in which 
he deals with large and complex subjects like the life of Christ, dividing them 


up deftly into many points and sections, which in two cases reach the perfect 
square, sixteen, and in the third the round and seemly number ten. We 
should hardly have imagined a middle-aged beginner attending to the 
balance of meditation with petition, to subtle repetitions * and sonorous 
terminations, to cadence and to rhythm. Yet these ornaments of speech 
are found in every paragraph. May we not, therefore, feel inclined to say 
that this is rather more than we should have expected from one of Sir 
Henry s education and position in life ? The prayer of St. Augustine he 
must have translated, and it seems to me probable that the other prayers 
are also possibly modelled on some pre-existing texts, if they are not also 
translations. Perhaps the quaint legend, which is mentioned in Medita 
tion n, and is derived from the "Seven Falls of Christ," may lead to the 
identification of one of the prayer-books used by the Cavalier. 

And if this be so it will add to their significance. It will mean that his 
wife had passed him in some book of devotions, perhaps in Latin or in 
French, and that he passed out to her these compositions, based on the 
models she had sent him. For this there was a striking precedent in his 
family. Sir Henry s first wife, Mary Howard (of Naworth), was a niece of 
the Venerable Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, whose wife, Anne Dacre, 
had passed in to him, while he lay in the Tower, Lanspergius s Latin works, 
and had received back English translations from that book, with other pious 
compositions modelled on the same author, which she eventually had pub 
lished (with some original verses of the Earl) in the Epistle of Christ to the 
Christian Soul (see also below, p. 29). The example of Blessed Thomas 
More may also have occurred to the minds of these good Catholics. 

It will be noticed that while the language and thought of these meditations 
is everywhere perfectly orthodox (cf. the cultus of Mary, pp. 6, n ; of Saints, 
pp. 6, 1 1 ; and the correct expressions about justification) there is a clear 
desire to avoid topics which might unnecessarily offend Protestants. There 
is nothing about Mass, the Holy Eucharist, the Sovereign Pontiff, or the 
souls in Purgatory. 

These omissions are no doubt due to fear of the Puritan censors, through 
whose hands the book would have to pass when leaving the Tower. Even 
the reticences of these meditations have their significance. 

The volume, from which the Meditations are printed, is a thin large 
quarto, bound in white vellum with green silk strings, of twenty-four doubled 
pages, bearing outside a label, with the following title in a modern hand : 
Sir Henry Bedingfelcfs Meditations. Sir Henry, the first baronet, the second 
son of the Cavalier, has with his own hand written the title and the following 
somewhat discursive preface : 

22 November 1676. 

This booke was written with my Dear ffather S r Henry Bedingfeild s 
owne hand, whilest he was a Prisoner in the tower, wheere he was one 
yeare and three quarters. And procured his release about Hollimas 1649 
\sic\. "J" His Estate was sowld over his head for delinquency for servinge 
the Kinge Ch : i rst against the usurpinge Palam* in the year 52. He 
departed this Life after many Sufferings, the 22 nd of November 1656 [sic], 
having been ill of a Quartan Ague and the Dropsy ten weekes. He lies 

# I have marked these repetitions with an asterisk. 

f The letter to Lady Bedingfeld below is signed 20 February 1645, which would 
be reckoned according to the " Old Style" then in vogue. We should call the year 
1646. A year and three-quarters would bring us to Hallowmass, or All Saints, 1647. 
The inscription on the tomb, however, speaks of "Three years in the Tower," and 
this would bring us to 1649. 

To face 


buried in Oxborowe Church, near the Tomb of his Predecessor. Aged 
about 71 yeares and halfe. 


his second sonne. editis. * 

The Ladye Bedingfeild wife to S r Henry Bed : died the ii of Aprill 
1662 beinge friday about one in y e morninge after a weekes sicknesse 
ocaiconed by a stopinge in her entrayles, shee was buried the next day 
neer her husband in Oxborowe church. She out lived her husband 6 
yeares and five months. 

My elder brother Thomas died the 26 of Aprill 1665 beinge Wednes 
day by two in y e morninge of an Apoplexe. He came downe from 
London to cutt downe Timber and rayse money, and it pleased God 
he fell sicke sudainly and died, the same day I ingaged for 5oo lb to 
redeeme the timber, and keepe the houses from beinge pulled downe : 
he lived nine yeares after my ffather, and was 60 yeares old when he 

M r Henry Widmerpoole whoe had served S r Henry Bedingfeld about 
40 yeares died the 22 nd Jan: 1669 at Oxborowe being aged about 80 
yeares : "j" 

M rs Marie Bedingfeld, widowe to the Collonell died the i st August 1679 
being 14 yeares after her Husband, she was maried to a yonge Attorny 
called M* Harison, and lived with him, about 3 quarters of a yeare : died 
at his house in Suffolke. 

No. i 


Written in his own hand, when in Prison in ye Tower. 

[To Elizabeth Lady Bedingfeld] 

I that hath loved your parson so dearely, as I have done, 
for this 38 yeares, and acknowleging the like returns of your affection 
to me againe, I cannot be so ungrateful to God, who hath bestowed so 
greate a blessing of me, as your self, to be unmindful of your spirituall 
comfort, in these most misarable, and distracted times, which doth 
a mase, the greatest sperits, that now liveth, and for my part, I must 
confes, my weeknes to be such, that if it had not bine for medditating 
of this following treates, it would have shaken me much, but cinse I 
have loked upon the goodnes of God, and the sufferings of Our Blessed 
Saviour, I am by his grase and goodnes, so comforted as I wish, that if 
it were his holy will I might beare a greater part of his blessed cros, 
then yet I have done, for I know my sinnes hath deserved it, but to his 
hevenly will and pleasuer, I resine you and my self. From the Tower 
in London the 20 of February 1645. 

* editis. The reading is obscure, but the meaning must surely be " & heir," or 
" Bart." 

f Henry Widmerpoole s name will be regularly found among the Recusants of 
Oxburgh, printed in C.R.S,, vi. The last conviction appears to have taken place, 
12, 13 October, 1670. Whereas from this date we see that Henry Widmerpoole 
died in January of that year, 1669-70 ! 




O Jesu what are we, that you shouldst come out of the Imperiall 
thron of heven, and to remane here on earth, thirty three yeares, in 
servitued and obedians, unto human cretuers, for us, your most 
unwourthy servants, and to suffer thy self to be bannisshed, out of thy 
owne cuntry, by that tirant Herod, into a strang plase, when you could 
get no other habitation, then to be laied in a stable, and a manger, 
a moung brute beastes, by which meanes you lost all the conveniancy 
of thy supposed Fathers and mothers house. I beseach you, by your 
infinight humility, you shewed at your first enterans into the wourld,* 
to for give me all my sinnes, that ever I have committed a gainst your 
hevenly Majesty, and to strengthen me with patiens to under go all 
things, what you shall please to have laied upon me. 


Then there was three kings, out of forren nations, a pointed to 
attend your hevenly Majesty, out of forren cunteres, who were gided, 
by a miraculus stare, sent from heven, and thay coming by Herod, 
a quainted him with there bussines, and he commanded them, when 
thay had found out sweete Jesu, that thay should returne unto him 
a gaine, that he might likewaies go to adore him, though his intension 
was to murder our blessed saviour. And these three kings coming in to 
a stable a moung brute beastes, found this blessed infant, laied in the 
manger. Unto home thay prostrated them selfes, one there fase, an 
a dored him, offering unto him, mer and gould. But there thay con 
tinued not long, but were commanded to returne home, unto there 
owne habitassions, but not by Herod. And Herod finding him self 
deceaved grew into so greate a fury, as he commanded all the 
innocens to be murdered, that were of the age of our hevenly saviour, 
by which meanes, O you blessed innocens you obtained the kingdom 
of our hevenly father, where I beseach you to prostrate your selfes, 
at the feete of our hevenly father, humbly to beg of him,* to forgive 
me all my sinnes, that ever I have committed a gainst him, and to 
strengthen me, to under go, what your blessed Majesty shall please to 
have laied upon me. 


Then the tirant being deade, blessed Josife, was commanded to 
returne unto his owne habitasion, and to carry with him blessed Jesu, 
and his blessed mother, which he performed, where our deare saviour, 
was pleased to remaine many yeares, in obedians unto human power, 
and seeing his passion to grow ny at hand, he begged leave of his 
blessed mother, that he might go forth, to Preach the gospel, and to 
do his meracles one earth, which she granted, unto her dearly beloved 
sonne, with shedding of many teares, and much affliction of mind, for 
parting with such a sonne. O blessed mother of Jesu, I beseach you 
by the teares you then shed, and by the afflicktion you then felt, to 
make intersession for me, that he would * for give me my sinnes, that 
I have committed a gainst him, and that he would strengthen me to 
under go all things, what he shall please to lay upon me. 



Then he went forth and preached the gospel, and did his merrikels 
one earth, which none but god and man could do, for you revived the 
dead to life, and the dum to speach, and the blind to sight, o my 
eternall god and saviour, I be seach you, by the preaching of thy 
gospel, and by the merackles you did one earth, I be seach you,* to 
for give me all my sinnes that ever I have committed against your 
devine Majesty, and to strengthen me, to under go all things, what you 
shall please to have laied upon me. 


Then Jesu cam unto Jerusalem, where he was entertained, with all 
pompe and glory, the peepel casting there garments before his feete to 
treade upon. But there he remained not long, seeing his passion grow 
ing up at hand, but he retired him self into the garding, to make his 
praiers unto his hevenly father, when he perceved his passion to be so 
bitter, and sharp, as you be[g]gest of thy hevenly father, that if it were 
his will, that this challis might pas from thee. If not, his will be done, 
and not thine. And then our blessed saviour, did sweate a bundans of 
blud, from his most presious face and boddy. O deare Jesu I be seach 
you by the humble praier you made unto your hevenly father, in the 
gardin and by the presious blud, that ranne from thy devine face 
and boddy,* for give me all my sinnes, that ever I have committed 
a gainst my deare saviour, and to strengthen me to under go all things, 
what you shall please to have laied one me. 


And then sweet Jesu cam out of the gardin, wher he meete Judas, 
that traitor, which had sould his M r , Jesu, for thirty peeses of silver 
unto the Jues who came with a number of armed men. And his sine 
was to discover him, by giving him a kis, which he had no soner done, 
but thay laied violent hands one our deare saviour, and Peter seeing 
it dru forth his swourd, and stroke of one of the hy Priest servants 
eare, and Jesu tooke up the eare, and put it one miraculusly, and yet 
these barberus peepel, did spit, upon his hevenly fase, the light of 
heven and earth, spurning of him, and draging you one the ground. 
Sweet Jesu, I be seach you by the infinight reproches, and disgraces put 
a pon the, and by the patiens you soffered them with all, I be seach 
you, of thy greate mercy,* to pardon all my sinnes that ever I have 
committed a gainst your devine Majesty, and to strengthen me to 
undergo all things, what you shall please to have laied upon me. 


And then sweete Jesu was brought be fore the Juge, where thay 
accused him of many a rongful thing, and said he had blasfemed 
who never had offended, but there he staied not long, but our 
deare Jesu was commanded to be carried unto a piller, and there 
to be scurged, with most bitter, and sharpe cords, which was per 
formed, with all severity, drawing a most infinight quantity of thy 
most precious blud, from your most precious sides, and making 
many wounds one your presious boddy. And not being sattisfied 


with this, thay put one his close a gaine one his most blessed 
boddy, that thay might suck into his presious wounds, that thay 
might tortuer our deare saviour, the more, by pulling them of againe. 
O my eternall god and saviour, I beseach you, of your eternall 
mersy, and by the presious blud you then shed, and by the presious 
woundes, you receaved of your blessed boddy, and by the tortuers that 
thay put sweete Jesu unto, by putting one his clothes and tering them 
of againe, I beseach you * to forgive me all my sinnes, that ever, I have 
committed against your hevenly Majesty, and to strengthen me to under 
go all things, what you shall please to have laied uppon me. 

And these tortuers, you o Lord suffered not for thy owne offences, 
for you never had sinned, but for owers, thy most unwourtiest of cretuers, 
nay for me the most unwourthyest of creatuers, be reson you have 
bestowed, so many favours of me, as I blush to think how il I have 
requited them, yet o Lord I am thine, and none but thine, for which I 
beseach you, to pardon my life past, and to give me thy grase never to 
offend your devine Majesty againe, after this minnet. 


And then ouer blessed saviour was brought before the Jug, and he 
committed him to prisson for that night, and to be attended one by 
souldiers, which was performed with all severity, first thay put upon his 
prescious boddy a purpel garment, and a blessed reade into his presious 
hand, and then thay plased a blessed crowne of thornes, one his presious 
hed, and blindfouled his hevenly eies, the light of heven and earth, 
spurning and buffitting him, criing, If you be the sonne of god, and 
man, tel us who it was, that stroke you. O sweete Jesu, by the reproches 
and disgrases put apon you, and by the tortuers you then felt, I beseach 
you * to forgive me all my sinnes, that ever, I have committed against 
your hevenly Majesty, and to strengthen me, to under go all things, what 
you shall please to have laied uppon me. 


Then they brought sweete Jesu before the Jug the next morning, 
and he tould the peapel that he found you to be a most innosent man, 
and that he would wash his hands of thy blud, and they cried out, His 
blud light upon ous, and owers. Then he demanded whether Barberous, 
or Jesu should suffer, and thay cried out, Jesus : though thay knew, 
Barberous a notorious theife, and a murderer. Then he commanded my 
deare Jesus, to carry the hevy burthen, of the crose, which he was 
hardly able to performe, by reson of his hard usage, and the lose of so 
much of his presious blud, and being for saken by all his frinds. 
O sweete Jesus what can I expect, from human power, when thou 
werte for saken of all thy frinds, being the sonne of god and man. No 
my deare saviour it is not human power, that I beg for, but thy love 
and thy presans which I desier, and if you please to grant me, I shall 
be made hole, and safe, if not I had better never to have bin borne, 
but if you please to graunt my sute, I shal be most happy, which I beg 
of you, by your hole merrets, and passion. 



And then my Blessed saviour cam unto the plase of his soffering, 
where he was laide upon the holy cros, and nailed there unto, with 
three fearse drivn nailes, persing his most blessed hands and feete, and 
his persicutors, not being satisfied with this, threw ower sweete Jesus, 
hedlong into a pit, f which thay had diged for the purpose, to teare his 
blessed flesh and vaines, to tourtuer him the more. O sweet Jesus, I 
beseach you, by the pressious wounds, that you receaved one the holy 
crose, and by the tortuers you felt there one, I beseach * you to pardon 
all my sinnes that ever, I have committed a gainst your hevenly Majesty, 
and to strengthen me to under go all things, what you shall please, to 
have laied uppon me. 


And then thay raised the againe, and you cried out, O father will 
you for sake me. No my deare saviour, he left thee unto thy self, for thy 
greater honor and glory, for thou wert willing to shew thy most 
magniffecent pattions, and to shew thy love unto mankind, for you had 
power of thy owne, to have confounded them all into the bottomles pit 
of hel, if you had pleased, but sweete Jesus was willing to shew his in- 
fenight patiens, and his love and affection unto mankind. O my eternall 
god and saviour, I beseach you, by your patiens, then shewed, and by 
the love you shewed unto mankind,* to forgive me all my sinnes, that 
ever I have committed, against your devine Majesty and to strengthen 
me to under go all things what you shall please, to suffer to have laied 
one me. 


And then my deare saviour, was plased betwene to theefes, one the 
holy cros, where one of them repented him self, of his sinnes, and 
acknowledged Jesus, to be the sonne of god the father. Jesus saide unto 
him, This day shalt thou be with me in paredise. O by that blessed 
speach, saiing, This day thow shall be with me in parridise, I be 
seach you sweete Jesus, to give me your grase to live after that manner, 
that at my departuer out of this wourld, I may heare thy devine voice, 
saiing, This day, I shal be, with sweete Jesus in parredise. 

And then sweete Jesus, demanded drinck be reson of his hard 
usage, and the losse of so much, of his presious blud, and thay gave 
him gall and vinegar to drinck, and thus thay mocked the saviour of 
all. Jesu I beg of your eternall goodnes, and by the blessed gall and 
vinnegar, that was given you to drinck,* to for give me all my sinnes, 
that ever I have committed against your hevenly Majesty, and to 
strengthen me with patiens, to under go all things, that you shall suffer, 
to be laide one me. 

t This refers to the legend current among many writers at the beginning of the 
sixteenth century, that when the cross, with the Crucified upon it, was raised up, it 
was allowed to fall forwards again to the earth (II. Thurston, Stations of the Cross, 
1906, p. 75). 



And then thay thrust a speare, into the blessed side of our deare 
saviour, at which presious wound ran out, a most infinight quantety of 
blud. O by that presious wound, that was made in thy blessed side, and 
by the pressious blud, that isshued out of it, I be seach you * to for 
give me all my sinnes, that ever I have committed a gainst your 
hevenly Majesty, and to strengthen me, to under go with pasiens all 
things, what you shall suffer, to lay upon me. 


And then our blessed saviour bowed down his hed, and saide, It is 
finnisshed. O by thy last, and blessed speach, saiing, It is finnisshed, I 
beseach you* to for give me, all my sinnes, that ever I have committed 
against your hevenly Majesty, and to strengthen me, to under go all 
things, what you shall permit, to have laied one me. 

A repetission 

Jesu by thy pressious blud shed for us. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu by thy presious five wounds, receved one the holy cros for us. 
Have mercy on us. 

Jesu by the tortuers that you felt one the cros. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu by thy most infinight patiens you suffered them with. Have 
mercy on us. 

Jesus, by the most infinight affection, you did shew to mankind. 
Have mercy on us. 

Jesus, by the purpel garment put one thy blessed boddy. Have 
mercy on us. 

Jesus, by the blessed reede put into thy blessed hand. Have mercy 
on us. 

Jesus, by the most precious crowne of thornes set one thy presious 
hed. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the blindfoulding of your blessed eies. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the spumes and kickes thay gave you. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the humble praier you made unto your hevenly father in 
the gardin. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the most blessed speach, you made unto your hevenly 
father hanging one the cros. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the blessed promissis you madest, unto the theefe hanging 
one the cros by thee. Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, by the blessed gall and vinnegar given you to drinck. Have 
mercy on us. 

Jesu, by thy last blessed speach you made, saiing, It is finnished, 
Have mercy on us. 

Jesu, I beseach you, by your hole passion, that if I have forgotten 
anithing, or [am] ignorant of any part there of, you would pardon 
me, your most unwourthy and weakest servant, and to except of my 



O blessed mother, of ower deare saviour, I bescach you, by the 
joies you receaved, when you saw your dearly beloved sonne rise, out 
of the sepulker in splender and glory, be a midiator for me, unto him,* 
that he would pardon all my sinnes, that I have committed a gainst his 
blessed Majesty, and that he will strengthen me with paciens, to under 
go all things, what he shall please to have laied upon me. 

O blessed Mary Magdelen, by the joies you receaved when you saw, 
your most beloved M r rise in splender, and glory, out of the sepulker, 
make intersession fore me,* that he would pardon all my sinnes, 
that I have committed a gainst his devine Majesty, and that he would 
strengthen me with paciens, to under go, all things, what he shall 
please to have laied upon me. 

O blessed a postels, by the joies you receaved when you saw, your 
blessed M r rise in splendor and glory out of the sepulker, standing in 
the midest of you, criing, I am the man, and shewed you his wounds, I 
be seach you to make intersession for me, and that he would be pleased, 
to for give me all my sinnes, that ever I have committed a gainst his 
hevenly Majesty, and that he would be pleased to strengthen me with 
paciens to under go all things, what he shall please to have laied 
one me. 

A repiiission 

O blessed mother of Christ, pray for me. 
O blessed Mary Magdelen, pray for me. 
O blessed apostels pray for me. 


To be made before we go to bed, every night after this forme following 

O my eternall God and saviour, I am sory, from my very soule, that 
ever I have offended, so greate a god, so blessed a god, so sweete a 
god, and so mersiful a god, as I abhor, and detest all my sinnes, that 
I have ever committed a gainst your hevenly Majesty, mearly for the 
love of thee, my deare and dearest saviour, and intend by thy grase and 
assistans, never to offend thee more. 


O thou who art no lesse, then the love of the diety it self, the holy 
communication of the omnipotent father, and the most blessed issue, 
and art thy self the omnipotent sperit of comfort, the most mersifull 
solace of the sorrowful, vouchsafe to penetrate into the most inward 
parts of my hart, and be plased, as a most devine Ghust, by the beuty 
of the shining light, to clarine the obscurest corners of thy neclected 
oratory, and by an efusion of thy abundance of dew, refres all that 
was parched or withered, by never so long a drines. Wound the 
bowells of the inferior man, by the shaft of thy love, and penitrating 
into the marrow of my shrunken liver, inflame it with thy restoretive 
arders, and heightening all with the sacred fervour of thy fier. 


Increase and feed, all at once, the most intimate portions both of 
soule and boddy. Walter me with the torrent of thy desier, that I may 
have no list, to tast of the invenomed sweetnes of this wourld. Judg 
me o Lord, and distinguish me from an unsanctified people. Teach 
me to do thy will, because thou art my god. I beleeve [that] in whome 
soever thou dost inhabite, there thou dost build the mansion of the 
father and the sonne. Blessed is he, who deserves to harbor thee, 
because by thee, the father and the sonne resides in him. Com then, 
o come, most indulgent comforter, protecter in afflicktions, helper in 
trubulasions. Com thou purger of inequity, heler of wounds, com thou 
fortifier of frailty, supporter of sinhers, com thou teacher of the humble, 
and depresser of the exalted, O com and rest in that soule, which 
haveing nothing, may have all things, by having but roome for thee. 


which abandonee her self unto Jesus Christ our Lord 

1. O Jesus, I renounce my owne will to accomplish yours, I purpose 
to for sake my waies and those of the wourld, to walke and live by 
yours. I wish that my comportment may remaine in your conduct, my 
derection in your derection, as you shall derect me. Wherefore for 
your sake, I will become unable and nothing, that you may be my all. 

2. O Jesus, I give you my hart, and my hole being, that it may be 
yours, for the ende you have created it, and I humbly beg that your 
devine nature may distroie my depraved inclinations. 

3. O Jesus, I will depend on you, and remaine yours for ever, in 
the waies which you shall please to ordaine for me, without making 
choise of the least thing, that presents it self one earth, but entierly 
submitting to you, in the waies of all sufferances and repugnances to 
my self. 

4. O Jesus, I make a present of my state of privation where in I live, 
unto that which you have endured for me, in which you ceased not to 
be attentive, in contemplating your Father. I render you a donation 
of my self, that no distinction may devert me from you, but that I may 
be holy taken up in you, by submission unto your self in this state, 
not seeking my owne satisfaction, even in my thoughts of your self, 
but with an humble recignation, I desier to beare this distraction, 
which I wish to abide in, for no other end then to suffer. 

5. O Jesus, I dedicate my self unto your devine power, to the ende 
it may governe the weakenesses of my natuer, and that I may no longer 
acte by the instinct thereof, for I utterly renounce it for ever, and I 
desier that my meanesse may submit unto your greatenes, my feeble- 
nes unto your force, to be governed by them. 

6. O Jesus, I give my being unto your being, my life to your life, 
my thoughts to your thoughts, my wourd to your wourd, my love to 
your love, my soule to your blessed soule, my power to your power, 
that when I shall do any thing of my self, it may be no longer mine, 
and that I may drawe no farther liberty to make use of all that is 


mine, since I have give you all, I offer my self unto you, o my god, 
to beare all the states of sufferances, as well interiour as exteriour, 
to the ende my life in them may honor yours, and that I may enjoy 
no life for me but for you, and for this effect, that I may employ it 
to your use, and not for the wourld, and all that I shall doe therin, I 
desier that the same may be for you. 

7. I renounce my self, o my god, to give my self to you, and I 
renounce all thoughts which are not of and from you, I offer my self 
unto your very Infancy, o Jesus, to partake of the grace of that mistery, 
and to reenter into your innocency, that this heavenly mistere may be 
applied unto the impurity of my nature, to render it capable of your 

8. Jesus, in honor of your life, humble on earth, I accept, with a 
willing hart, all humilliations, which shall happen to me, though re 
pugnant to my self. 

9. O Jesus, I renounce all the repugnances, which I have to suffer, 
and to beare humiliations, I accept them, though never so contrary 
to my sence, and I submite unto your will, to suffer the paine of my 
sense, to unite my self unto your holy will, to the eande, that what 
soever is in me refractory to what thay enioine, may be a subiect to 
my conforming my self to them and submitting me to you. 

10. O Jesus, I desire to enter into your kingdome, and to a bandon 
all the affections of this wourld, I renounce all the desires, which I 
might have, to posses riches and the esteeme of men, that my desiers 
may aime at eternall, not temporall, things, to that I will apply my self, 
but renounce all that appertaines to the world, and all my proper 
interest, to entertaine my self with those which concernes your glory, 
which I humbly request may raine over my sperit, to seperate it from 
earthly things and from all that is not yours, Be you my strength in 
sufferance, fight for me, be you my life, give me a plase in your habita 
tion, to the end nothing may enter into my hart, which may hinder 
you from possesing me, o Jesus posses my soule. Amen. 

No. 2 


As appears from the Cavalier s monument, he had twelve children. The 
first of the following papers mentions four boys and three girls, the second 
five girls and three boys ; that is nine in all. 

The paper is copied by Sir Henry, the first baronet, on some blank 
leaves at the end of the Meditations, and he adds the following note, which 
tells us where he found the originals, and what their authority is. 

This I copied out of two papers I found in my mother s closett 
after her death, written with my ffathers owne hand. 

Henry Bedingfeld, Ba*. 



Henry Bedingfeld Babtised the 27 th May: 1613 
Edmund Bedingfeld babtised the 14 th Aug: 1615 
William Bedingfeld babtised the 23 rd Jan: 1616 
Jane Bedingfeld Babtised the 22 nd May: 1618 
Elisabeth Beding: Babtised the 8 No: 1619 
Marie Bedingfeld Babtised the 10 May 1621 
John Bedingfeld babtised the 10 Nov: 1624 


To my daughter ffrances borne on 
Newers evens Eve 1610 

To my sonne Henry borne the 
io th May 1613 

To my sonne Edmund 

To my sonne William Newe Years 
Eves Eve 1616 

To my daughter Jane one the 
2 6 th Aprill 1618 

To my daughter Elisabeth 

To my daughter Marie 

To my daughter Anne 

S r Robert Wind: 

The La d Mondford 

M rs Jerningham 

S r Thos: Southwell 

M r Thos: Cotton 

M Bradbery 

M r Jerningham 

M r Townsend 

M ra Atlowe 

S r Ralph Hare 

S r Edw: Waldegrave 

M rs Bedingfeld of Hale 

M r Bedingfeld of Hale 

M rs Waldegrave 

M rs Drury of D 

Wentworth Bradbery his wife 

M rs Cannam of Hilboro 

S r Will: de Gray: 

My Aunt Yaxley 

My sister ffrances Jerningham 

My Uncle Henry Bedingfeld of 


My daughter Beding: 
M r Will: Paston. 

* Father F. Goldie, S.J., has given me the following notes on these god 

Lady Mundford Anne, daughter of William Paston and wife of Sir William 

Sir Thomas Southwell son of Sir Robert and Elizabeth, daughter of Lord 

Howard of Effingham ; died in 1643. 
Sir Ralph Hare of Stow, Bardulph, 10 miles from Oxburgh, Knight of the 

Bath; died 1671. Michael Hare and his wife had been recusants in the 

time of Elizabeth. 
Sir Edward Waldegrave, died 1646. His mother, Jeronima Jerningham (Foley, 

Records, v. 382). He greatly distinguished himself in Cornwall in 1644. 
Eustace Bedingfeld of Holme Hale, married a daughter of Hawke, and 

she died 1641, aged 80 (Visitation of Norfolk, 1878, i. 157). He was 

buried 1596, and their son Anthony, of the same place, in 1636. 
Sir William Grey of Merton, Norfolk. Rye s Norfolk Antiquarian Miscellany, 

iii. 38, says he was son of Robert, a recusant, but that he went to church. 

He had been a ward of Queen Elizabeth. 
Eva, daughter of Sir Henry Bedingfeld, Lieutenant of the Tower under Queen 


No. 3 

The following short paper gives us our first introduction to Mr. Thomas 
Marwood, of whom we shall hear more later on. It also gives us a vivid 
indication of the troubles and uncertainties, which remained for years after the 
confiscations under the Commonwealth. Sir Henry Bedingfeld " of Beckall " 
was the first baronet. The reason of his not being described as " of Oxburgh " 
was that Oxburgh Hall was left in an uninhabitable condition after the desola 
tion of the civil wars. The fifteenth-century roof-timbers of the Hall on the 
east side still show signs of fire, and it is believed that this was due to the 
accidental fire by which the Parliamentary occupiers burnt a considerable 
part of the old building. " My house [i.e. Oxburgh] being burnt," says the 
second baronet below, "gave my wife small encouragement to live there. 
In supplying the house with furniture that was burnt, and making it habit 
able, it cost me 1000^" (below, p. 37). In his elder brother Thomas s time 
there was danger of "the houses being pulled down" altogether (above, 
p. 5). Beck Hall therefore became the family seat, until Oxburgh was 
restored. "Grandmother Paston" retired there after Edmund Paston s 
death, and died there in 1654 (beloiv, p. 37). The house has been rebuilt 
on the old lines, and is now a farmstead surrounded by a moat. It was 
first a hospital for poor travellers, then a house of the Cokes, whose arms 
are still upon it. 


In ye year 1641 S r Henry Bedingfeld took up Armes for y King. 
He was made prisoner in y e tower & his Estate seized by that Parlia 
ment. Whilst he was in y e tower, comes to him M r Merton (the Grand 
father to y e present incumbent) & desired to buy the perpetuall aduowson 
of Oxburgh. " For," says he, " sence y e Estate is lost as to you ; you 
had as good lett me have it (for Something) as a stranger for Nothing." 
But S r H. B. answered, " I cannot sell the perpetuity, as being but 
tenant for life." Mr Merton answered, " I minde not that. Let me 
have your Name & lett me alone to deal w th y e parliament." Where 
upon, to oblige M r Merton (to whom he did no wrong; because he told 
him he was but tenant for life), he tooke a small some of money, & gave 
him a deed of sale. 

After S r H. B.f got out of y e tower, he told his son what he had 
done, vz. upon y e Motives urged by M r Meriton ; who had then 
presented his son, the late M r Meriton. Moreover S r H. B. told his 
son, " I charge you on my blessing never to disturbe them during y r 
life ; as for y r Son, he is at his own liberty." 

This account I had from S r Henry Bedingfeld s (of Beckall) owne 

Witnesse my hand this 8 th day of November 1713. 


Mary, married William Yaxley, of Yaxley, Suffolk. lie died 1588, she 

in 1631. 
Henry Bedingfeld, once of Cavenham (near Oxburgh), died at Sturston in 

1629, and is buried there with the inscription, Fiiins drii Henrici Beding 
feld militis aurati. 
William Paston married Agnes Everard, daughter and heiress of William 

Kverard of Lystead. He died 1652. 
"My daughter, Beding :" This would ordinarily mean Mrs. Bedingfeld, the 

wife of the eldest son, Thomas, 
f Notice that S r II. B. s son and heir was Thomas, who, however, had no children. 



Born about 1605 ; succeeded, 22 November 1657 ; died, 25 April 1665 

Of Thomas Bedingfeld, eldest son of the Cavalier, we have already 
heard several particulars. He may possibly have seen service in the 
Palatinate in 1624, and in 1639 the Calendars of State Papers show that, 
being now a captain, he, with the king s licence, was helping to raise 1000 
men to fight for the King of Spain. I do not find any particulars of his 
services, but his experiences would no doubt have prepared the way for his 
being put at the head of a troop of soldiers when the Civil War broke out. 
We hear something about this troop, after the Restoration, from a tract, 
with the long descriptive title, A List of Officers claiming the 60,000 
granted by }lis Majesty for the relief of his Truly-Loyal and indigent 
party, 1663, 4to. 

Col. o : Bedding field Thomas 

Lon. & West 
Lon. & West 

Hardy Joh TL. FOOTJ Ca R Bradb 

Yarmouth Edm. (n0. J 

Cocker Edw. Ens. to Cap. Edw. Styles 

O Kelly Dan. E ^ 

Blundell Edm. uat HORSE 

Elsewhere I read 
Col. 6^Bedingfie/d Edm., Cap. F. [of Norf. in Marmaduke 

Holtby s troop]. 
Col. 19 Bedingfield Hen., Cor. [of Norf. in Lord Byron s troop]. 

The reference made to him by his brother Henry, the first baronet, was not 
very flattering (p. 5), and his nephew Henry, the second baronet, has some 
still severer strictures (below, p. 36). The following petition gives us the 
Colonel s own account of what he considered the most notable events of his 
life. The paper may be found in the Record Office, Domestic Charles //., vol. 
xxii., n. 125, and is conjecturally dated November 1660 by the Calendarers. 


The humble petition of Col 1 Thomas Bedingfeild, eldest sonne and 
heire of S r Henry Bedingfeild late of Oxburgh in Norff. Kn , 
Dec ed 


That your petitioner upon the advancing of your Royall Father s 
Standard, Did at his oune charge raise a Regiment of foot, and a troop 
of Horse for his service, and maintained them untill at the Storme of 
Lincolne hee was sorely wounded and taken Prisoner, and for two 
yeares suffered loathsome Imprisonment in the Common Goale and was 
at lengthe Banished, his Father s whole estate beinge sold by the Usurped 

(c. 1605-1665.) 

o face p . 60 


Power, soe as his Father and hee have been Damnified above threescore 
thousand pounds. 

That out of compassion of his Father s Sufferings, and att his Intreaty, 
hee concurred with his Father at the time when his Estate was sold, as 
aforesaid, in the Sale of Severall Lands and amongst others of the Mannors 
of Eastwell and Chamberlen * in the County of Suffolk to the then 
pretended President and Society for the Propagation of y e Gospell in New 
England for a Summe of money whereof no part was paid to y e petitioner 
or his Father, but all in those hands, who purchased the petitioner s Estate 
at Urury house, where your petitioner and his Father were enforced to pay 
21,000 li more for Repurchasing the rest of his estate from the said first 
purchasers therof, for which his Lands (remaining Unsold) stand yet 

Now, forasmuch as by the Providence of God it so falls out that 
the said Sale made to the pretended corporation is voyd in Law, for that 
they were not capable to purchase, being Erected without Authority 
other then by the Usurped Power, and did consist of Persons altogether 
Averse to your Royall Father s and your Majesty s Authority, whereupon 
your petitioner to his great Releife in his present Necessities and satis 
faction of his creditors hath lately entred upon, and is according to the 
law Justly in possession of the same. 

May it therefore please your most Excellent Maiesty, that your 
Royall Pleasure may be signifyed to your Attorney and Sollicitor 
Generalls, that in any further Charter or Grant, which may be ob 
tained from your Majesty to confirm such Corporation as aforesaid, 
speciall care be had, that your petitioners title to the said Lands, so 
farr as by Law belongs unto him, may not in any wayes be impaired. 

Endorsed. The Petition of Coll 11 Bedingfield. 

R. H. Mason, History of Norfolk, (1884) gives the sequel. "These 
Eriswell estates, now estimated to be of the value of .7000 per annum, were 
lost to the Bedingfeld family, who never received any equivalent or com 
pensation. They were sold several years since by the New England Society 
to H. H. Dhuleep Sing" (p. 329), and have lately passed into the hands of 
Lord Iveagh. 

* Sic. Now Earswell or Eriswell, and Chamberlaynes. 





Born, 10 May 1613; created Baronet, z January 1661 ; 
succeeded, 25 April 1665 ; died, 24 February 1685 

OF Sir Henry, the first Baronet, the earliest mention I find regards his 
recusancy. There is a memorandum dated June 1634, ordering inquiry to 
be made about Henry Bedingfeld of St. Clement Danes, who has forborne 
Church for one year (Cal. Add., 1634). This is clearly not the Cavalier, 
who would have been styled " Sir," and I do not know of any other Catholic 
Henry to whom it would apply. Our Henry was then twenty-one years of 
age, and was probably (the universities being closed to him) studying law, 
as other young Catholics of his day were wont to do. 

During the war we find a very puzzling note to him. It was written 
March 21, 1645, by some royalist, calling himself J. Barker (but this is 
perhaps an alias), who had escaped to Dunkirk. The missive was to be 
carried by a messenger directed, it seems, to William Cobbe at Oxford. 
The letter is written in the dashing cavalier style, but contains little personal 
news beyond the following : " We hear that we may soon see you in France. 
We have divers of your friends in these parts, as your brother Jo: Cap" 
Thos: Bed: his bro: Math: Hary: and cousen H: Bed: Sir Francis 
Manock, Sir Edward Sulyard, & Rob: Rookwood, Jack Taborough and 
others " and finally the writer " desires to serve your honoured father, if 
I can." 

The names and relationships are indeed difficult to interpret.* Without 
venturing on this, I only submit that the tendency of this evidence is to 
prove that both the Cavalier and his son Henry were then with the garrison 
of Oxford. 

In the papers of the Committee for Compounding, we find that on 
the 1 9th of December 1654, John Sandall and Henjamin Tanner, trustees 
for Michael and Edward, infants, younger children of Henry Bedingfeld, 
of Beck Hall, Norfolk, petitioned against the sequestration of Charlecombe, 
while on the 27th of February 1655, Henry Bedingfeld and Margaret his wife, 

sfc Father Goldie has furnished me with notes on some of the names, from which 
notes (and other sources) we learn these particulars : 

"Your brother John." The same of whom the 2nd Baronet says (No. 16), 

"Uncle John died 16 Febrary 1685" (i.e. 1686). 
"Captain Thomas Bed[ingfeld]," i.e. the third son of John Bedingfeld of 

Redlingfield (Foley, v. 568, Pedigree). 
"His bro[ther] Mathfew]," of Amersden, Oxford, and afterwards of Brussels 

(Foley, ibid.}, when he befriended Charles II. 
" Hary: " Possibly an abbreviation of Harrington. 
" Cousen H. Bed: " Perhaps Henry, fourth son of Anthony Bedingfeld of 

Holme Hale. 
" Sir Francis Mannock," i.e. the second Baronet of Gifford s Hall, Stoke by 

Newland, Suff., died 1686. 
" Sir Edward Sulyard." The son, Sir John Sulyard of Haughley, Suff., married 

Margaret, daughter of Lord Stourton, and died without issue (Koley, iv. 

606, Pedigree). 
" Robert Rookwood." Perhaps Sir Robert of Stanningfield and Coldham, who 

married Mary Townsend (of Ludlow) ; or their son Robert, if he was not 

already dead, fighting for the king at Oxford (Foley s Pedigree, iii. 7^8). 
Jack Ta[s]borough, of Flixton, Suff. 


daughter and sole heiress of Edward Paston (who had died February 18, 
1655), beg that his estate may come to her, whereas two-thirds of it had 
been sequestrated. This claim was allowed (Calendar for Compounding, 


Mention has already been made of his imprisonment at Lynn, from June 
or July to October 1655, on suspicion. In his extant petition for liberty 
(Domestic Calendar, 1655, p. 366) he describes himself as "of Billingford" 
(the township of Beck Hall), and says that he has "a wife and 9 small 
children " dependent on him. The docket informs us that he was to be 
set free. 

Of his fortunes after the war we hear a good deal from a MS. which 
was printed by Wotton in his Baronetage (iii. 215), and which was doubt 
less supplied by the family, and embodies the family traditions of about 
the year 1720. 

"Henry Bedingfeld, Esq., happened to survive all his brothers and 
sisters (Mrs. Cobbe excepted), and to enjoy a long tranquillity, after the 
restoration of King Charles II., and when he had lain before that prince, 
who had desired it, a calculation of the sufferings of the family in their 
estate, which manifestly appeared to be above 45,000/5 his majesty replied 
with concern, that it was too great for him to recompense ; to which Mr. 
Bedingfeld answered, that all he begged of his majesty was, that he might 
hope for the future, to enjoy in quiet that little which was left. 

" His majesty did afterwards confer the dignity of a Baronet upon him, for 
the great and eminent services done by him and his family ; but his son 
being soon after knighted by his majesty, the father let lie dormant his 
patent for many years after, which postponed him to many of the order in 
point of seniority.* This gentleman was esteemed one of the most complete 
and accomplished men of the age, the comeliness of his person, the clearness 
of his parts, and that noble sweetness of his temper, gave him so great a 
credit and authority in his country, as scarce any thing was thought well done, 
without his approbation ; and many misunderstandings amongst the greatest 
families, that friends had tried to compromise, and could not, were referred 
to him, and happily determined. Yet the most fortunate part of his char 
acter, was his felicity in a companion for a wife, in the person of the before- 
mentioned Mrs. Margaret Paston, who, besides the great portion she 
brought, equalled him in all his merits, aided him through all his afflictions, 
and in his absence, when forced to fly beyond the seas, managed his whole 
concerns, and a numerous family, all with the utmost art and prudence ; and 
so careful in the whole conduct of her life, as Sir Henry, amongst his dying 
words declared, That she Jiad been a wife, ivka had never once displeased 
him ; and yet if he had lived six weeks longer, they had been married fifty 
years. He died the sixth [st c] of February 1684-5, an ^ lies buried in his 
chapel, within Oxburgh church, under a fair marble monument, erected for 
him by his mournful widow, who lies buried by him." 

Attention may next be directed to the remarkable picture in which he 
and his family are represented as protected by the special intervention of 
the Blessed Virgin. No very definite tradition has survived as to the signi 
ficance of the minor details, but the general theme is evidently the providen 
tial escape of the family during the civil wars. The picture will be of 
the time, when the family began "to enjoy its own again" that is, the 
Restoration and this we gather from the ages of the children, which will be 
from about ten or twelve to twenty-five or so.f The Baronet wears armour, 

* This does not seem accurate. 

f If the reader thinks that the ages of the children cannot be so great as I have 
assumed them to be, then he must also assume that the picture was painted abroad, 
and was meant to be hung abroad. P or before the Restoration there would have 
been no house in England in which so pronouncedly Catholic a picture could have 
been safely set up. This theory is, of course, not at all an impossible one. 


recalling his fighting days, and in the top left and right corners there is a 
scene, showing one man on horseback and another on foot, making signals, 
as it seems, to some ships. From what we know of this Henry s early life, 
we may be pretty sure that this refers to some adventure during the 
civil wars, perhaps to some escape abroad, for we do not hear of his having 
been made prisoner, but we do hear, among the papers of the Committee 
for Compounding, of an action taken by Thomas jermyn, trustee for his 
children in March to September 1651, for safeguarding properties entailed 
to them. This looks as though the father were already abroad at that date 
(Calendar, p. 2624). 

Of Dame Margaret Paston we know enough to recognise in her a 
remarkably interesting character. If the description given in Wotton s 
MS. stood alone, one might not be convinced of its being critical. In any 
case, however, a woman who did so much for the family during such difficult 
times, and who at the same time was so good a wife that her husband could 
not recollect when he had felt her thwart his wishes, must on these titles 
alone be considered a person of very remarkable gifts. Her son, who did 
not hesitate to speak severely of his uncle, has only one defect to complain 
of in her, that she was "a woman of great witte and quick partes, but very 
partiall in her affections," and this when extreme age is wont to bring natural 
failings into sharp relief. 

The following letter illustrates the "mighty hospitality" which the 
family traditionally kept up, and tells us something about her Ladyship s 

No. i 

Original autograph. British Museum. Additional 27,448, f. 212. 
No date or address, but ascribed to 1683 in the Catalogue. 

Lord Yarmouth was the head of the Paston family, and the title had 
been only recently granted. Lady Margaret, herself by birth the heiress 
of one branch of the Pastons, regards, we see, the head of her house with 
enthusiastic loyalty. That was only natural in those days, and especially 
in the conservative reaction which followed the Restoration. Moderns, 
however, will hardly feel inclined to go all lengths with Dame Margaret, 
for the earldom had only been won by a marriage with the bastard daughter 
of King Charles II., and the estates of the historic family of Paston were 
being heavily burdened in debt (see p. 38). 

However, for the moment all is going well, and the conjectural date, 
1683, the year in which William succeeded to the title, exactly agrees with 
the rejoicings on that occasion, which so gratified the writer. His Lord 
ship was not only Earl of Great Yarmouth, but was also (or would im 
mediately be) its High Steward. Well then might its cannons bang "loud 
enough to reach London," and the Dean [of Norwich] come forward with 
a gift of oysters to " the favourite of Norfolk." Yet between the lines we 
can read that there had been a little anxiety how the once Puritan East 
Anglia would receive the new-made nobleman and his ambiguous wife. 
She, poor woman, was to die soon, on the 2oth of July 1684; so this letter 
must be before that date. 


I am sory my letter, writt in haste, should be so slowe a 
coming, as I find by yours of the 30 th , w ch I had the honor to receaue 
by the hand of the fauorite of Norfolk, who I must bragg was our 
guesse [guest], though to his Lordships sufferance in all kinds. I had 

z 22 

o < 

H ~ 





V J^ 

To face p. 2O 


mine in beeing depriued of the felicity of hearing his stories, being 
iust [as] deaf as I was, when you were in the country. Two or three 
days after, I heard again, and haue not bin so deaf till now ; w ch in one 
more considerable might be imputed to witchcraft, but I submitt to 

Now in earnest, Madam, I think my Lord came downe in the 
criticall time ; and I wish, from my harte, that you and the king s 
grantchild, w th the Father and mother (who I begg my find my humble 
seruis) had bin all here together,* that you might haue seen what a 
gcnerall disposition of kindness there was in the people to my Lord. 
I think you should do well to haue it told at courte as newse, what a 
Loue-fitt the country is fallen into to my Lord of Yarmouth ; but this 
not to come imediately from your self, but rather to seem coole in it. 
What passed at Yarmouth, I shall not need to repeat; the Canons 
were lowd enough to reach to London. 

Many thanks for the concern you had of my sonne and husband. 
In what place soeuer they are, all the seruis they are able of doeing, is 
but to whisper to all persons, what worth, what witt my Lord of Yar 
mouth is master of, what the sweetness and candide nature, truth and 
constancie to his freinds, then perswade them to compare him to others, 
where they find the contrary very transparant. My Lord hath not had 
the fortune to be knowne enough, but those that hath his true Caracter, 
lett them refuse to loue him that can. 

On Fryday S r Phillip Woodhouse and S r Jacob Astley, w th other 
gentlemen came on purpose to waite upon him. The Dean also, w th 
much respect ; who brought a present of Oisters. I expected diuers of 
a lower form, who was desirous to come, but were kept of by a false 
Alarm, that we were full, by my Lord Townsend beeing here ; and it 
seems he sayd some such thing to M r Rawlins, that he would haue 
mett here, had not the goute hindred him. And that goute was one 
reason I took to perswade my Lord to send. For I must confess, 
Madam, it was my fault (if any) my Lord s sending thether ; but I am 
confident he will be no looser by it, but put the two S r Johns to new 
consults.! To goe himself had bin below him ; but this sending, 
whilst he wore the lawrell on his browe, is but to triumph in a ciuill 

I could giue you more substantiall reasons, if fitt for paper ; but I 
hope you will belieue none studys more my Lord s and y r Ladyshipp s 
Reputation then 

Your Ladyship s humble seruant and kinswoman 


My husband presents his humble seruis to y r Ladyship. 

* The meaning seems to be I wish you, Lady Yarmouth, with the grandchild, 
who is also the King s grandchild, had been here with the infants father and 
mother, to see the great reception, &c. 

t It would be necessary to have Lady Yarmouth s " letter of the 3<3th " to 
understand all these allusions. Why, what, or whither Lord Yarmouth " sent " ; 
and who were " the two Sir Johns " (i.e. clergymen) " put to new consults," does not 


No. 2 

Another interesting relic of Margaret Bedingfeld which indeed throws 
a good deal of welcome light on the tastes of Catholic ladies of her genera 
tion is her family prayer-book, which belonged to her mother and grand 
mother before her, and which is still at Oxburgh. It contains a good 
deal of inedited Catholic verse of the Elizabethan period, and a hitherto 
unknown prayer of Queen Mary Tudor. 

The volume is in size a decimo sexto, and contains 166 pages. The water 
mark in the paper is the crowned jar or pot, the most usual English mark. 
The binding is original pigskin, the sides stamped round the edges with 
gilt lines, and in the panels the letters E. G., with an ornament of cherubs 
heads between them. Two brass clasps, the upper one broken ; the back 
also partly broken. The pages have margins ruled with red, and there are 
about seven or eight different hands. E. G. will clearly be the initials of the 
person for whom the book was originally bound, but I can obtain no clue as 
to who this may have been. There is another small volume (OEO) in the 
Oxburgh library with somewhat similar letters on its sides, but again no 
clue to the original possessor. 

First among the contents, we should notice the memoranda of births and 
christenings, which occur at p. 67. 

[i] M[emorandu]m that my sonne George Sidenham was borne at 
brimpton the xxij th daie of October A dm 1588, in the xxx th yere of 
the raigne of o r soueraigne ladye Queene Elizabethe &c. godfathers 
Sir George Sidenham, Sir Jo Clifton [& M banfield, cancelled}. 

[2] Also my sonne John was was [sic] borne there the xxvj th of 
September A dni 1589 in the xxxj th yere of the raigne of the queenes 
maiesty aboue said, his godfathers were sir John Sidenham, Mr. Thomas 
Stoughton and thold M ris banfeild. 

[3] And also my sonne Raffe was borne there the xiij th daie of 
ffebruary in the xxxiij th yere of her maiesties raigne A dni 1590. 
His godfathers were Sir Raphe Husey, M r Edward St barbe and my 
aunte ffitziames. 

[4] My [daughter francis, obliterated } was borne at Beer in dorset, 
the xj of May in y e xxxiiij yere of her maiesties raigne a dni 1592. & 
her godmothers were M" ffraunces Turbervile & M rs \blanti\ Ancketill 
and M r Alexander Bret of whytchurch. 

[5] My daughter baningfeld was borne the n th of nouember, 
being St Martines day pope and martyr, her daughter Elizabeth was 
borne upon St Thomas day before Christmas &c. 1636. 

My godaughter frauncis beningfeld was borne upon ploumonday 
this present year 1638.* 

The first two memoranda are in one hand ; the third, fourth, and fifth are 
each in different hands. The first entries were evidently written simulta 
neously, or almost simultaneously, with the rest of the book, which we may 
therefore date as belonging to the year 1590 or thereabouts. The family is- 
that of the Sydenhams of Brimpton in Somerset, now extinct, whose pedigree 
may be followed in Burke s Extinct Baronetage (1844), p. 516. From this 

* This entry has been entirely and carefully obliterated, but, owing to the different 
tints of the ink used, it can still be read, though some letters are doubtful. 


source we learn that George died without issue in 1615, while John, who 
married Alice Hoby, became heir to his father. Ralph became Master of 
the Charter House, was eventually knighted, entered Parliament in 1641, 
and died in 1671. The pedigree of the Sydenhams, given in British Museum, 
Harleian MSS. 1154, fol. 179 ( = 225), gives the names of those who inter 
married with the Sydenhams of those times, and among them we notice at 
once three of the families, from which we here see that the godparents of 
these children were chosen, to wit, Bamfield, Clifton, and [St.] Barbe. 

Frances, the daughter born on the nth of May 1592, eventually married 
Mr. Edward Paston of Horton in Gloucester and Appleton in Norfolk, and 
it is evidently she who has in 1638 written the memorandum that " My daugh 
ter baninfeld that is, Margaret Paston, in whom we are now interested 
" was born on the i ith of November." The year of her birth is not added, but 
as she was eighty-four at the time of her death, January 14, 1702-3, we see 
that she must have been born November n, 1618. The date of her marriage 
is also unknown, but the inference from Wotton s MS. is that it took 
place on the 27th of March (or rather the yth of April, sec p. 19) 1635. 
Why the last memorandum has been obliterated does not appear, though we 
may presume that it had something to do with the civil wars. 

We may now proceed to give the contents of the prayer-book. It is 
evidently meant to be subsidiary to some other prayer-book, presumably the 
Hours of the Blessed Virgin, the most popular book of devotions of that 
time. For we see by comparison with the tables of the prayers usually found 
in printed Horce (E. Hoskins, Horte B. V. Af., 1901) that the present collec 
tion varies from them in almost every respect. Some of the prayers may be 
translations from new and popular prayer-books printed abroad, such as 
Yerepe s Enchiridion Catholicum ; some of the verses are original transla 
tions (p. 70), some are newly written (p. 77) ; but the probability is that the 
majority are derived from more ancient sources. 

That the selection of prayers was made to suit the taste of a Catholic 
lady of about the year 1590 is seen both from the inclusion of " the Earl of 
Arundel s verses" (p. 77), he being then still alive and under sentence of 
death, and from the allusion to " Tyburne s force " (p. 74). That the collector 
was a lady is clear from the inclusion of " good Queen Maryes prayer : 
which she used everye mornynge, all her lyfe tyme," which is otherwise un 
known ; as also from the prayers for a married wife, and for a woman with 
child (pp. 94, 137), and from the ejaculation "Have pity on me thy hand 
maiden," found in the litany of our Lady. 

The prayers are not arranged on any well-defined plan, yet there are 
certainly some traces of order. I have therefore inserted sectional headings 
to facilitate the comprehension of the whole. Headings written in the 
margin of the original are here printed in italics. 

[ i. Introduction] 

P. i (flyleaf). A prayer to be sayd at ye freest turning and sayeng, 
Orate pro vie [frntres]. "The holly ghost illumine thy hart . . . 
offenses of all his faythfull. Amen." * 

P. 2. A prayer to be sayd in ye begynnitig of f prayers, (i) " O 
my swete saviour Jesu . . . prayse thy hollye name, now & ever. 
Amen." (2) "O my good Lord Jesu Christ . . . offences y* thereby 
might come. Amen." 

P. 3. GOOD QUEF.NE MARYES PRAYKR : w ch she vsed everye 
mornynge all her lyfe tyme. 

O lorde my maker and Redemer, I thanke thy goodnes most 

* Hoskins, p. 107, gives this prayer in Latin. 


humblye, y* 1 thow hast preserved me all ihis night past & this daye 
hetherto, in which tyme, if I have done any thing to thy plesure, blessed 
be thow for it. I knowlege & confesse all vertewe to come of the. 
Wherefore I beseche the to contynewe & encrease the same in me, & 
let all the lawde & prayse thereof be wholly geven unto the, which arte 
the authour of all goodnes, and nothing imputed to me vyle wretche, 
who of my selfe cannot so muche as thinke one good thowght w l owt 
thy grace, humblye desiering thy goodnes also, y* I maye ever yeld 
thankes to y e for all thy benefitts w 4 suche strong faythe, stedfast hope, 
pure perfight & fervent love, w* suche full trust and confidence in y e , as 
may be to thy pleasure & y e helthe and Comeforte of myne owne sowle. 
Te Deum, &c. 

And my God, wherein soever I have offended the, eyther concerning 
my dewtye towards thy maiestie, or want of perfight charitee to my 
neighbour, throughe.the occasyon of the devell, the worlde, y e fleshe, 
by misinformacyon, ignorance, negligence, by any sudden motion or 
passion of frailtee, syckenes of bodye, or any other waye since the 
howre of my birthe unto this tyme, I aske the mercye, O God the 
father allmightie, for all my offences committed in thowght, Desyering 
y 6 bothe to forgeve me & to vowchesafe this day & evermore to governe 
& guide the same. Pater de c&lis Deus, ignosce mihi ; et propitius 
esto mihi misere peccatrid. 

I aske the in lyke manner forgevenes, O God y e sonne, for all myne 
offenses, committed in worde, beseching thy wysedome to forgeve me, 
& this Daye & evermore to Rule & governe my toungue. Fili Redemp- 
tor mundi Deus, ignosce mihi ; et propitius esto mihi misere peccatrid. 

I desyre thy goodnes also of pardon, O God y e hollye goost, for all 
my offenses committed in my deedes, Humblye prayeng y e to forgeve 
me, & both this Daye & contynuallye to order & directe the same. 
Spiriius Sancte Deus, ignosce mihi ; et propitius esto mihi misere 

So holly Trinitee, iij persons &: one verye God, vouchesafe to for 
geve all myne offenses, and send me suche grace this daye as may preserve 
me from all synne, w* true knowlege to perceyve wherein, how &: in 
what manner I have offended y e eyes of thy Maiestie & let the feare of 
myne owne deathe & thy generall Judgements staye me from all pre- 
sumptyon in the Discussing thereof, & on the other syde, let the multy- 
tude of thy mercyes w fc my full trust & confidence therein, kepe me 
from vaine or foolishe scrupulosyte in y e same, so y* I having the right 
understanding & knowlege of all myne offenses maye, by thy grace, take 
suche contrytyon & Repentance for them, as maye be to thy conten- 
tatyon & the salvatyon of myne owne sowle. Amen. Miserere met 
Deus &c. 

O my savyour, I offer my selfe whollye to the for a perpetual 
sacrifyce this daye and evermore, that is to saye my freewill, faythe, 
sowle, bodye, lyfe, deathe, sycknes, helthe, my kynne & frendes, 
(especiallye thy servants) and enemyes (if I have any) & all my servants 
and subiects both quicke & deade, Desiering thine infinite mercye 
to vouchesafe to take y e order & disposing of all o r matters bothe 
spirituall and temporal! this daye 6c ever into thy governance & 


And first, sweete Jesu, concerning matters of my sowle, that is to 
saye bothe my prayer & all other goostlye exercyses, Graunt me grace, 
I beseeche the, neyther to omitte nor to do in any poynte contrarye to 
yt w ch s halbe most to thy pleasure, the helthe of myne owne sowle &: 
the profitte & cunforte of all myne evenchristen * bothe quicke & deade. 

Secondarilye touching prosperitee in this worlde & the helthe of my 
bodye, graunt me grace, my most mercyfull savyour Jesu, when thow 
doest send me eyther of them, bothe to receyve them humblye w 4 
thankesgyving accordinglye, w l out any kynde of Elatyon or pride, & so 
to use them as maye best please the & profitte bothe my selfe and 
myne even christen w* as willing a mynde w t owt any manner of grudge 
to have them taken from me, eyther by thy will or sufferance, as ever 
I was glad to receyve them. And concerning sycknes & adversytee, 
so long (good lorde) as my lyfe maye do servyse acceptable to the, eyther 
in the amendement of y e same, or any other kynde of waye, Vouchsafe, 
my God, y* I maye never have power throwghe myne owne fawte to 
abbreviate one Jotte therof. But let y e vertue of thine abstynence 
w ch thow didst use heere in earthe for o r example & the remembrance 
of the eysell & gall, wherof thow didst tast in the tyme of thy most 
bytter passion, staye me this Daye & at all tymes from taking to 
muche or to litle of meates or drinkes. And whensoever it shall 
please thy goodnes, my lorde God, throughe thy visitatyon or suffrance 
to send me any adversytee or sycknes, Graunt for thy sweete name 
Jesus sake, y* all seeking of worldlye consolatyon set a part, I may 
contynuallye call for thy helpe, putting my full hope & confidence 
therein, & give me grace immediatlye, I humblye beseche the, 
both depelye to consider what torments & passion thow my sweete 
saviour, being Innocency it self, didest suffer for me most synnefull 
wretche. And send me therein some devout Contemplation, w ch maye 
extinguishe all worldlye care in me, & all grace to remember what 
punishment I have & do daylie deserve for myne offenses, committed 
against the and my neighbour, & let these consideratyons cawse me 
not onelye patyentlye, but also Joyefullye, to suffer all sycknes & 
adversytee w* suche fortitude & Magnanimitie as maye be most 
acceptable to the & best for myne owne sowles helthe & my neigh- 
boures. Most humblye beseching thy mercye to accepte the same in 
part of penance both for myne owne synnes & y e offenses of myne 
even Christian, w fc myne ennemyes also. And when I shall have donne 
all this bothe rightlye & faythfullye, Gyve me grace afterwarde tem- 
peratlye to use all worldelye comeforts & remedyes & y fc onelye but in 
the & for the. 

Thirdelye, concerning myne owtward & worldlye affayres, y* I have 
& shall take in hand eyther w* 1 my superiours, equalls or inferyours, 
Grant (my most beningne lorde Jesu) y* in all things I may use y* 
waye w ch shalbe chefelye to thy pleasure, the comefort & salvatyon of 
my sowle & y e profytte & edefyeng of my neighbour. And vouchesafe 
yt ye vertue of thy power, O allmightie God the father, maye gyve me 
power to leave no Jote thereof undone, & let the vertue of thy wyes- 
dome, O god the sonne, gyve me grace & wille to do no kynde of 

* Even-Christian, i.e. fellow-Christians (Murray, New English Dictionary^ iii. 335. 


thing contrarye to y e same. And graunt y* y e vertue of thy strengthe 
& comeforte, O god the hollye goost, maye never departe from me, 
but strengthe(n) & comeforte me bothe in the begynning, preceding & 
finishing of my affayres. 

D omine Jesu Christe qui me ereasti, redemisti, et preordinasti ad 
hoc, quod sum ; tu sets quid de me facere vis : Fac de me secundum 
t olimtatem tuam, cum misericordia tua. D omine Jesu Christe, qui solus 
es sapientia, tu sets que mihi expediunt ; prout tibi placet, et sicut in oculis 
tue maiestatis videatur de me, ita fiat in misericordia tua. Amen. 

Moreover gyve me grace, o hollye trinitee, I most humblye desier y e 
y 1 mine ennemyes, neyther goostlye nor bodilye, nor any creature may 
ever have power to cawse me to dowte or waver in any one Jote of thy 
trew & Catholyke faythe, or the circumstance thereof, But graunt y* I 
maye beleve & use everye thing perteyning thereunto in the same sorte 
& degree, w ch thow hast by thy Churche appointed & willed me to doe, 
w owt eyther presumption or scrupulosyte. And if ever I shalbe put to 
any examinatyon or triall thereof, send me suche strengthe (my most 
bountefull lord^God) y* I maye rather most gladlye, quietlye &: willinglye 
suffer all kynde of torments, yea even Deathe it selfe, then omitte or 
forsake any parte of my sayd faythe, w ch being thoroughlye and per- 
fightlye gr6unded in my harte, Gyve me grace rightlye to expresse 
the same in my owtwarde works, behaviour, & conversatyon ; & 
vouchesafe, my lorde God, to set suche a bridle on my tongue y* I 
maye never have power to speake any vayne, Idle, or superfluous 
\vordes, neyther also to the hindrance of any creature, nor to trust any 
to muche or to lytel, nor yet to disclose any secret matter w l owt Just 
occasyon, but let my wordes be suche as maye be to thy glorye, myne 
owne profitte &: the comeforte & edifyeng of y hearers. And whenso 
ever my speeche maye doe good, eyther in geving counsayle or setting 
foorthe thy truthe, Graunt y* I maye never be to importunate nor to 
slowe in speakyng, So y* myne even Christian maye have no occasyon 
by my wordes to offend the, or to misiudge me, or any other ; but y* 1 
they may perceyve thy goodnes to work in me, and bothe they & I 
may gyve the whole prayse thereof to the. 

Furthermore I beseche thy goodnes to send me suche pacyence to 
beare my neighbours Infirmities, as maye be most acceptable to y e ; so 
y* when any of them shalbe unpatyent, I may give no occasyon to en- 
crease the same. But whereas, by informatyon or reformatyon, I maye 
do any good, graunt me grace to doe it, w* all modestye & temperance. 
And whereas neyther my wordes nor deedes can prevayle, vouchesafe 
my God, to sende me suche discretyon, wysedome, humilitee, charytee 
& patience, as maye, by thy grace, move & procure them to amend 
their faults, after suche sorte as may redownde to thy glorye and the 
helthe of there sowles. And vouchesafe, good lorde, to plucke up by 
the rootes in me all Desyer of worldlye prayse & vayne glorye, so y* I 
may neyther doe any thing for the respect of the same, nor reioyse in 
the having thereof; but whensoever it shall please thy goodnes to 
worke in me any good thing, gyve me grace forthw th , I humblye beseche 
the, to lifte up my harte to the w* thankgeving, & to consider how all 
goodnes cummeth of the, & y* of my selfe, w*owt the, I can doe nothing 
but evell. Put in there myndes also, y l shalbe then present, the lyke 


remembrance & consyderatyon, by occasyon whereof the whole praise 
of all good things maye be attribute to y e , to whome onelye it is due. 

P. 13. A daylye prayer to the Trinitie. " O most noble, most hollye 
and triumphant Trinitee ... & to the deade, Rest & delyverance from 
there paynes. Amen." 

Pp. 14-68. 7 Meditations of y 7 effusions of Christ s bloiid, & 
sutable against y e 7 deally synnes & necessarye to get y e 7 Remedyes 
against them. [The Meditations are allotted to the seven days of the 
week, and each is followed by two prayers, the first followed by Pater 
Noster, the second by MiserereJ] 

P. 68. " I giue thankes to thie mercie . . . thow mayest be praised 
& blessed. Amen." 

P. 69. To Christ Jesus our redemer. " Lord Jesus Christ, sonne of 
the lyuing god . . . with my whole harte. pater nosier." " I offer vp 
vnto thee lord Jesu Christ . . . praise of thy holye name, pater 
nosier." "Lord Jesu, I comend . . . haue mercy vpon vs, and al 
siners. pater noster." 

[ 2. Hymns and Proses] 


by St. Thomas, translated into English e.* 

[i.] With devoute feare, | I thee adore | O secrete deitie, | 

w ch [here] under y e se figures bare | liest hid undoubtedlie. | 

[2.] To y e , my lord, my troubled hart | her selfe dooth wholie giue, 
for thoughte of thee consumes her so | t is death f from y e to liue. 

[3.] My sight, my taste, my trembling touch | of y e all are deceued 
yet hearing y e to be heare, | I haue firmlie y e beleued. 

[4.] Beleued ! O whie? for I beleue | all y* my lord hath tolde 

nothing more true is, then y is word | of truthe, y* man can holde. 

5. Vpon the cros lay hid, swete lord, | thine onely deitye 
but here thie godhead secrett is | \v th thy humanitie. 

6. Bothe w ch I stedfastly beleue | & reuerently confesse 
w th thefe repentant crauing graunt | of pardon in distres. 

7. Mine eyes unchast thie bloudie wounds | do not deserue to se 
w th holy Thomas, yet my lorde | I doe acknouledge thee. 

8. Encrease, swete Jhesu, my true faith | from sacred throne aboue. 
encrease my stedfast hope in y e , | encrease in me thy loue. 

9. O suete record of dolefull death w ch ended all our strife 
most louing lord y c truest bread | to man w ch giuest life. 

10. One onely thing I craue, swete lord, | my soule let fede on thee 
be in her taste like sugar swete | turne backe thie loue to me. 

11. O pelicane all full of loue | Jhesu my soule washe cleare 

what s nowe impure w th y l pure bloude | w (h stream d downe Long ins 

sje The division of the lines in these and the following verses is extremely con 
fused in the original MS., owing to the smallness of the pages. 
| In MS., "y 1 death is." 


12. One drop of w ch , o vertu greate, | were able to restore 
this wretched world from all her sin | to Hue for euermore. 

13. Swete Jhesu when shall I obtaine | y k w ch I most desyre 

y e sighte whereof though under shade | hathe set my harte on fire. 

14. I meane thie selfe, my loue most deare, | desiring, face to face, 
thee to behold w th blissful eyes | sit on thy throne of grace. 

Afforde the poore translatoure a place in yo r devowte prayers. 

P. 71. JESUS 

With a reuerend* mynd this picture vewe j which by the doste passe, 
and godly honour geve to him | for whome it pictured was. 

Take noe ofifenc to looke upon | this Imag thus imprest ; 

condeme not those which vse the same | but Judge of them the best. 

It is no God, yt hathe no life | yet offereth to the eye, 

the manner howe our Sauiour Christ | vouchsafed once to dye. 

To reconcile mankinde to God, | from whome by sinn he fell, 
into a state most damnable | amidst the dieueles of hell. 

With pacience then behold the same | and" often haue in minde 
the passion of our sauiour Christ | that thou his grace maist finde. 

Here followeth the pittifull and lamentable speach of Christ Jesu 
vnto synners. 

" Behould O man what I sustayne for thee . . . that the ramping lyon 
and raveninge woulfe might not devoure thee . . . thou art devided from 


O that I could with streames of teares 

my synfull lyfe Lament, 
O that I coulde my dolefull harte 

in sundry peaces rent. 
With dolefull sighes and eke w th sobbes, 

would God my dayes were spent, 
That so I might with Angells bright 

enjoy ceternall lighte. 

O God how hard a harte have I, 

that yealdes not droppes of bloode, 
To satisfye, to pacyfye, 

to doe my poore soule good, 
yf that I could, full fayne I wold, 

this cravant corps forgoe, 
By rack, by rope, or Tyburn s force, 

I would cut of my woe : 

But God, who knowes my secreate thoughtes, 

dispose me at his wyll 
That flyenge yll contynuallye 

his servant I be styll. 
A harte [a harte], sweete Savyour, 

a harte vouchsafe to sende, 
A harte to bid me take goode harte 

my heavie harte to mend. 

* The scribe, in copying these verses, has written " d" with a stroke through the 
top, " d." This is a more antique form than he otherwise uses, and suggests that his 
exemplar itself was of a more ancient date. 


Make that my harte, become thy harte, 

that whatsoeuer fall, 
My wyll, thy vvyll may ever be, 

on the to crye and call, 
That I, not I, may ever be, 

but thou in me, and I in thee, 
To serve thy heavenly maiestie. 


"Good Godsend teares." | "What teares?" | "Of blood abundantly." 

" From whence?" | " From every parte | from hart incessantly." 

" For what?" | " For sines | comitted grevouslye." 

" Gaynst home ? " | " Gaynest God : | gaynst man contempteouslye." 

" What then ?" | " Then Lord dissolve my bandes, 

And soule well bathed in blood, | receue into thy handes. 

For this I longe : | For this I languishe Lord 

This that I craue : | This let me haue : | vouchsafe this to afford." 

" So hart shaft stay * from bloody teares : | so soule shall gladsome be. 
So head and hande : | so every part | shatt praise | thy maiestie." 


[Here follow ejaculations for mercy, and in praise of the providence 
of God.] 


O Christ my lord which for my sinnes 

didest hange upon a tree ; 
Graunt that thy grace in me, poore wretch, 

may still ingraffed bee. 

Graunt that thy naked hanging then 

may kill in me all pride 
And care of wealth, sith thou didst there 

in such poor state abide. 

Graunt y l thy crown of prickinge thornes, 

w cb thou for me didst were, 
May make me willinge for thy sake 

all shame and payne to bare. 

Graunte y fc the skornes and tauntes, w ch thou 

didst on the cross endure, 
May humble me, and in my hart 

all pacience still procure. 

* MS., shutt. 

f In MS., J. C. is inserted here, not at the end of the line. M. in the headline 
probably stands for " Master." 

J At this point there occurs a curious copyist s freak. He (or she) has copied 
out, and then cancelled, the following doggerel rhyme : 

" When myne eyes beheld of yore 

the seemly sainte y l I adore, 
I was glad : She was coye : 

Greefe I founde in steede of joye." 

The simplest explanation would be that the copyist inadvertently passed from one 
set of verses to another. But if any are resolved to see here a romance in real 
life, no one will be able positively to disprove that theory. 


Graunt that thy prainge for thy foes 

may plaint within my breaste 
Such charitie as, from my hart, 

I malis maye deteste. 

Graunt y* thy pearced handes, which did 

of nothinge al thinges frame, 
May move me to lift up my handes, 

and ever prayse thy name. 

Graunt that thy wounded feete, whose stepes 

were perfect evermore, 
May learne my feete to tredd those pathes, 

which thou hast gone before. 

Graunte y* the bitter gall, which did 

thy emptye bodye fill, 
Maye teache me to subdue my fleshe, 

and to performe thy will. 

Graunt y* thy woundes may cure the sores, 

w ch sinn in me hath wrought, 
Graunt y* thy deathe may save the soule, 

w ch with thy blood was bought. 

Graunt y i those dropes of bloode, w ch ranne 

out from thy hart amayne, 
May melt my hart into salt teares, 

to see thy greeuous payn. 

Graunt that thy blessed graue, whereas 

thy bodye laye a while, 
May burye all such vayne delightes, 

as may my minde defile. 

Graunt y k thy goinge doune to them, 

which did thy sight desiere, 
Maye kepe my soule, when I am deade, 

cleare from the purginge fyre. 

Graunt y fc thie rising up from death 

may rayse my thoughts from sinne : 
Graunt y t thy parting from this earth 

from earthe my hart may winne. 

Graunt lorde y* thy assendinge then 

may lift my mynd to thee. 
That there my hart and joye may rest, 

though heare in fleshe I be. 


[ 3. Miscellaneous Prayers] 

P. 8 r . A prater for obteining the gift of teares. " Lord Jesu Christ 
the example . . . true and euerlastinge mirthe." 

P. 83. Vnto the blessed virgine. "I salut thee o glorious mother of 
god . . . o most blesed virgin marye." 

P. 84. To the holie Angell our keper. " I beseche thee o holy 
Angell ... the kingdom of heauen. Amen." 

P. 84. To obteyne the blessinge of god. The diuine maiestie & 
one deitie . . . rest in peace. Amen." 


P. 85. When thei ring to the salutation of the Angel. 

The Angell of our lorde brought message unto Marie, and she 
conceved of the holye ghost. Ave. 

_ Behold the handmayde of our lorde, be it unto me accordinge to 
thi word. Ave mar. 

And thy word became fleshe and dwelled in us. Ave maria gra. 

The praier. 

Poure into our myndes thi grace we beseche thee, o Lorde, that we, 
w ch _by the mesage of the Angell have knowen the incarnacion of 
Christ thi sonn, may by his passion and death be brought to the glory 
of resurrection. 

Another prayer. 

O God, which by the message of an Angell woldest have thie sonn 
take flesh of the wombe of the blessed virgine Marie, graunt to thi 
humble servantes, that we w ch trulye beleve her to be the mother of 
God, may by her intercession with thee be holpen, by the sonn Jesus 
Christ our lorde. amen. 

P. 88. The night exercise \ A praier before we goe to bed. " O most 
mightie & most dredful god, ... in suche a thinge, tyme, and place." 
Here let ech man examin wel his owen conscience, and sift himselfe. 

P. 89. A prayer for the morning. " I thank the my hevenly 
father ... for vnto y e wyll I praye. pater noster" 

P. 91. A prayer for the night. "I thanke the my heavenly 
father ... & now to my rest I addresse me. In the name of the 
father, the sonne, and the holly goost. Amen." 

P. 92. Prayers: for y e Church, i. "O lorde god builder of the 
hevenlye Jerusalem ... [3 pages] . . . Jesu Christe his sake. Amen." 
2. "O lord which by thy holly spirite . . . [i-]- pages] . . . exalted for 
euer. Amen." 

P. 94. Prayers for wemen tu f Childe. i. "O Allmighty . . . w rh 
hast consecrate & hallowed the most blessed Marye . . . from y 
danger of deathe throughe o r lord Jesu Christ. Amen." 2. " Receyve, 
we beseche y e (o lord) ... in y e encrease of vertue. Amen." 

[ 4. Holy Communion and Mass] 

P. 95. Prayers before y f receyve. T. "O lorde god thow hast no 
nede of me ... salvatyon of my bodye. Amen." 2. "I adore & 
gloryfie ... for y u art the God f worketh marvelous things." 3. " I 
thanke the most humbly . . . w* all thy hollye elect & chosen. 
Amen." " Blessed & praysed be thou ... for my redemtyon & all 
mankynd. Amen." 

P. 96. At the Elevatyon. "The lyvely remembrance of y e effu- 
syon . . . deceipts & illusions. Amen." 

P. 97. A devout prayer. "O lorde god before the is all my 
desyre . . . before I departe this wretched lyfe, sweete Jhesus. 
Amen." Psal. 37. 

P. 97. Before ye receyve. "All haile both god & man ... I mave 
see thy face. Amen." " O lord Jesu Christ . . . w h didst promisse 
thine apostles ... let me never be separated from y c . . . Amen." 


P. 1 02. After receyving. "O veryc god & man . . . reioyce w 4 
thy saynts in glorye. Amen." 

[ 4. Miscellaneous Prayers] 

P. 101. A praier for an happie deathe. "Lord Jesus Christ prince 
of life and deathe . . . penitent euen at the last houre." 

P. 1 06. A short form of night prayers. 

P. 1 08. A praier to obtaine forgiuenesse of sinne. "Haue mercie 
on me O god . . . expectest and desirest." 

P. no. Another of a penitent. "I haue sinned alas . . . against 
heauen . . . renew my Selfe in Justice and to please the, Throughe 
J. C. our Lord. Amen." 

P. in. A praier for tK obtayninge of Charitie. "Let me loue the 
o Lorde . . . Christ that perfectly loueth vs." 

P. 113. A prayer for obteyninge the feare of god. "O stubborne & 
hard harted that I am . . . me a wretched synner throughe C. our 
lorde. Amen." 


Jesu lord that madest me, 

And w th thy bloud me bought, 
Forgeue, that I haue greued thee, 

In wordes, workes and thought. 

Jesu for thy woundes smarte 

On thy feete and handes two, 
Make me lowlie of my harte, 

Thee to loue, as I should do. 

Jesu Christe to thee I call, 

That art God full of might, 
Keepe me cleane, y l I do not fall 

In deadlie synne [by] day night. 

Jesu geue me my askinge 

Perfitt pacience in my disease, 
And that I neuer doe y l thing 

Thee to anger or displease. 

Jesu that art heauen kinge 

Soothfast God and man also, 
Geue grace of good ending, 

And them that I am holden to. 

Jesu for thy dolefull teares, 

That thou sheddest for my gylt, 
Here and speede my praiers 

And grante that I be not spylt. 

Jesu for them, I the beseeche, 

That anger thee in any wise, 
Strike them not in thy wrathe 

And let them hue in thy seruice. 

Jesu ioyfull for to see, 

Of thy Saincts cueryehone, 
Comfort them that carefull be 

And helpe them that be wobegon. 



Jesu keepe them that be good, 

And them amend y l greeueth thce, 

And send us frute and earthlie foode, 
As us needeth in our degree. 

Jesu that art \v th out ende 

Allmightie God in Trynitie 
Cease all \varr, and peace us send, 

With lasting loue and charitye. 

Jesu that art the ghostlie stone, 

Of all holly church on earth, 
Bring thy flock all into one, 

And Rule them right in one herde. 

Jesu for thy precious bloude, 

Bring the soules into blisse 
For whom I haue any good, 

And forgeue them there myssc. 


There is an interesting, and I think superior, North-country version of this hymn 
in the British Museum (Arundel, 285. f. 177). The volume is lettered outside 
"Scottish Poetry and Prose." The date of the MS. would be early sixteenth 


JhQ Lord that maid me 

And with thy blissit blude hes bocht, 

Fforgif vat I haue greuit the 

In Will in word in work in tho 1 

Jhu for y c woundes smart 
On thy feit and handes two 
Mak me meik and law in hert 
The to lust as I should do 

Jhu Crist to ye I call 
That art god full of my 1 
Keip me cleyne vat I no 1 fall 
In deidly syn be day or ny l 

JHU grant me myn asking 
Perfit pacience in myne diseis 
And yat I neu r do ye thing 
Quhilk suld ye in ony wis displeis 

Jhu yat art heweunns king 
Suthfast god and man also 
Gif me grace of gude ending 
And yam yat I am halden too 

Jhu for thy dulfull teris 
That thou grat for my gilt 
Heir and speid my prayeris 
And grant yat I be nocht spilt. 

Jhu for yame I the beseik 
That wrathin the in ony wiss 
Withhald fra yame yi hand of wreik 
And let yame leif in yi seruice 

Jhu joyfull for to se 
Off thy Sanctis eidilk one 
Confers yame yat cawfull be 
And help yame yat be wobegone 

Jhu keip thame yat be gude 
and yame amend yat grevis me 
And send ws frute of erdly fude 
As ws neidis in our degre 

Jhu that art w out leis 
Allmychty god in trinite 
Ceis all weris and send ws peace 
With lesting lufe and cheerite 

Jhu that art ye gaistlie stone 
Off all haly kirk on erd 
Bring they fled folk into one 
And reull yame richely on erd 

Jhu for thy precius blud 
Bring ye Saulis into bliss 
ffor whom I haue had ony gud 
And for- if vame all their miss 


P. 117. "O mostc benigne father 


. in the houre of my death. 


P. 120. A prayer taken oute of S. Agustines meditations, " Lo my 
maker, I haue asked many thinges . . . one God worlde withoute 
ende. amen." 

P. 132. A prayer to obteyne devyne love. " O moste sweet & loving 
Jesu . . . [8| pages] . . . vale of miserye. Amen." 

P. 137. A prayer for a marryed wyf. " Moste sweet . . . Jesu w ch 
of a frayle & bryttle vessell . . . sweete sight of thee. Amen." 

P. 140. A prayer to St Marie Magdalen. " Haile holye marye the 
wel-beloved of god . . . oyle of perfect charitie, throughe [&c.] . . . 

P. 142. A prayer for a deare c^ speciall frende. " O most bountefull 
Jesu ... in everlasting blysse &: felicitie. Amen." 

P. 143. A shorte Meditacon of man s miserie. "What was I o 
Lorde . . . future rewarde sweet Jesu. Amen." 

P. 144. A prayer to be saide euery morning, before o r other exercises. 
" Good lorde be mercifull vnto me ... in thee & \v th thee eternally. 

[ 5. Litanies] 

P. 147. The letanie of o r lady. " Lord haue mercy, &c. ... in 
this mortall lyfe. Amen Amen." (" Flowre of the patryarkes . . . 
desier of y e prophetts . . . haue pittye on me thy hand mayden.") 

P. 159. Litanice sacrosanctce Eucharistice, ex sacra scrip tura, cone. 
Trid. sanctisque patribus depromptce. (After Sancta Trinitas, &:c., 
comes Pants vivus qui de ccelo descendisti, Miserere, &c.) 

P. 161. Jesus Litany. (After S. Trinitas , Src., comes Jesu, filt Dei 
vivi, Miserere, &c.) 

P. 163. Litania Marice. (After Sancta Virgo Virginum, comes 
Mater Penitentium, and 33 other invocations.) 

P. 1 66 (flyleaf at end). A prayer after all yo r prayers. "Let all 
my prayers . . . a godly example throughe . . . <S:c. Amen." "Jesu 
for thy hollye name . . . every creature . . . worlde without ende. 


Second Baronet, 1636-1704. 

To face f> . 3-1 i 



Born in 1636; succeeded, February 24, 1685; died, September 14, 1704 

Wotton s MS., which doubtless gives us the family traditions of the early 
eighteenth century, has the following account of him : 

" Henry Bedingfeld came over with the duke of Gloucester,* upon the 
restoration of King Charles II., being that duke s chief favourite, and was 
soon after knighted. The court breeding meeting with so generous and 
affable a temper, made him so fine a gentleman, as few were in a higher 
character ; and after that, when he became settled in a country life, so great 
was his hospitality and splendid house-keeping, as no gentleman of his 
rank and fortune did any where exceed him ; and had not the religion of 
his ancestors, in which he was born and bred, obstructed his coming into 
the public stations of his country, no man whatever would have been more 

" He was twice married, first to Anne, only daughter and heir to Charles 
[Howard] viscount Andover, afterwards earl of Berkshire, by whom he 
had no issue. His second wife was Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Sir 
John Arundell, of Lanhern, in the county of Cornwall, Bart., by whom he 
had three daughters, Elizabeth, who died young at Brussels ; Margaret, 
who married Sir John Jernegan, Bart., eldest son and heir of Sir Francis 
Jernegan, of Cossey, in the county of Norfolk, Bart., and Frances, who was 
married to Sir Francis Anderton of Lostock, in the county of Lancashire, 
Bart, (who died without issue) ; and one only son. Sir Henry Arundell, his 

"Sir Henry died 14 Sept. 1704, and lies interred in the said chapel 
of Oxburgh, between his two wives, at the foot of a noble monument, 
erected for them by the said Sir Henry, in his life-time." f 

No. i 

BARONET, who died in 1704 

The Second Baronet has left a Memorandum Book, written, as appears 
from Memorandum No. 21, about the year 1698, when his mother reached 
the age of eighty. It contains a sort of survey of the family, and of the 
family fortunes at that time. There are three chief topics. The first gives 
an account of his stewardship in regard to the will of the Countess of Berk 
shire, his mother-in-law, of which he and his brother had been appointed 
executors. This portion is here omitted, as telling us nothing about the 
Bedingfeld family. The second topic or section consists of memoranda on 
living and dead members of the family. For convenience of reference I 
have numbered these notes consecutively. The third topic or section gives 
a rough survey of the additions and improvements to the family estate, 
which had been made in his time. From the slightly apologetic tone of 

* Henry Stuart, third son of Charles L, was born 1640, and died September 13, 
1660. According to this account, Henry Bedingfeld entered his service while upon 
the Continent, and returned at the Restoration, 1660. 

f 77ie English Baronetage, printed for Thomas Wotton, iii. 216-217. He calls 
the paper " MS. penes T.YV." 


this section, we are tempted (though perhaps unreasonably) to suspect that 
some one * had accused him of extravagance, and so he sets down this 
survey of his position, for the quieting of his own conscience, and perhaps 
for the future satisfaction of his heirs. 

\_Family Notes\ 

r. I married Ann Howard, sole daughter of ye Earle of Berk- 
shires, she brought me noe cheldren, And dyed 19 Sept 82. 
I) 1 ->o at * Oxborrow, And is Interred in ye chappie within ye 

2. I married Elizebeth Arundell Daughter of S r John Arundell of 

Lanherne in Cornewell. she dyed at Oxborrow Aprile 13. 
^QO & lyes burryed just by my first wife. She left me four 
cheldren &: dyed with child. 

3. The first child was borne 26 Febr. 1685 in Bow Street London 
& being a girle was christened Elizebeth. Lady Belling God Mother ; 
my Brother John Godfather. 

4. The second was borne 3 d of March 1686 in London being a 
girle was christened Margarett. S r John Arundell Godfather & my 
Mother God Mother. 

5. The third was borne 14 of November 1687 London, being a 
girle was christened Frances. S r Richard Belling Godfather, Sister 
Caryll Godmother. 

6. The forth was borne 13 Aprill 1689 London. Being a Boy 
was christened Henry Arundell, Sir John Arundell Godfather, Sister 
Eyre Godmother. 

7. My first Wife was a Comely well featured Person, of great 
memorie & good witt, very virtuous and charitable. She presently 
grew very fatt &: was sick severall years of ye Gout. Dyed of ye 

age 34- 

8. My Second Wife was tall &: well shaped. Browne haire but 
fine Complexion, and handsom, she had excellent partes, and great 
sense, but by a long and many yeares of sickness was affected with ye 
spleen and vapours w ch was ye cause of her short life dying at ye 
age of 35. 

9. My father dyed 24 Feb r 1684 aged 70 odd. He was tall and 
well shaped and indeed with all ye qualitys that make a fine gentleman. 

10. My Grandfather Bedingfeld dyed 20 April 1657, he was tall 
& finely shaped and a handsom man, was a great sportesman & kept 
a great house. 

n. My Grandmother Bed: his Lady dyed 2 ud Aprill 1662. 
They are all 3 burryed in ye Chaple of Oxborrow. 

12. Colonell Thomas Bedingfeld my fathers elder Brother by ye 
first wife L d William Howard s daughter, dyed soudainly at Oxborrow 
25 Aprill i666,f he was a fine Gentleman but a bad husband and had 
noe cheldren. 

13. My Grandfather Fasten dyed at Peckham in Kent 12 Feb. 

* May this not have been his careful (though "partial") mother, who had in 
much harder times clone so much to save the family estates ? 
f In the Oxbtirgh register the date is given 1665. [F. G.] 


14. My Grandmother Fasten dyed at Eeckhall 14 Feb. 166 [sic]. 

15. My Sister Wheatinhall dyed 24 Feb. 166 [>]. 

1 6. My uncle John dyed Feb r 16, 1685. 

17. My uncle Capt. William Bed: dyed 28 Jan. 1685. 

1 8. My uncle Wolston Fasten dyed at Bruges in Flanders 17 
Sept. 1 66 [sic]. 

19. My Lady Barkshire dyed Decembr. 6, 1691. 

20. My Brother John Bedingfeld dyed at Wickmore 9 th August 
1693 aged about 42. 

21. My mother, aged neer 80, is in perfect health, and in all 
probability may live many yeares, she is still a Woman of great \vitt 
& quick partes, but very partiall in her affections. 

22. My Lady Barkshire was a person of great honour and was very 
kind to me at all times, or else I must abeen a begger. 

\The Oxburgh Property ; Debts Purchases] 

When I first came with my wife, ye Lady Anne, to live here,* I \vas 
m debt, & I was forced to repair this house, and all my tenants 
houses, w ch putt me into debt before I could well Imagen itt att least 
35x*o- W ch I paid most of itt by som bargains I made, what my 
Uncle Paston left, and by 1500 I had of my brother Johns portion. 
But for that 1500 I am like to be a great sufferer, by reason I agreed 
with my Feather, in consideration of y fc 1500, to lett my Brother John 
enioye Ashill Holt in or during my Mothers Life, from ye death of my 
father, soe that I have alreadye paid since my father s death 2700 in 
consideration of 1500 & in all likelyhood I may pay it many years, 
w ch as times are has halfe ruined me. When I consider well my 
expenses I find I have spent a great deal of money since 1666, And I 
have for my justification the obligation of maintaining my first wife 
according to her quality w cl> I did to gain my Lady Barkshire s favour, 
And then it is to bee considered I had not till my fathers death six 
hundred pounds to live on, soe considering] how I lived & what vast 
expense I was at in repairing houses that I wonder I did not run 
further into debt. 

And since my father s death I have all ye charge of the familie 
upon me, And I dare say I never received ^1000 a yeare, Ashill being 
deducted, Shingham to my Brother Edward, and a rent charge of 120 
per annum to my Mother out of Cavenham, and Considerable matters 
out of ye estate. I must also say something for my selfe for spending 
my last wifes portion, being 4000^". I lived in London in hopes of 
getting great matters at Court, as I was promessed, And also my house 
being burnt gave my wife small encouragement to live here ; so that, in 
supplyng ye house with furniture that was burnt & making the house 
habitable, it cost me 1000^, and 4000^ I laid out in purchases soe I 
conclude I spent 2000 in expectation of great matters, w ch proved 
nothing but Court Holy Water. And since the Revolution I find I 

* It will be remembered that Oxburgh had been partly ruined during the 
Commonwealth, and that the first Baronet had lived at Beck Mall. Sec above, 
P- 15- 


have directly run into debt all the taxes,* for I owe ye following sums, 
though ye money was laid out upon these purchases w ch are sett in ye 
following pages : 

Hi s. d. 

Item. I owe my sister Margarett .... 1000 oo oo 

Item, to S r Edward Atkyn ..... 200 oo oo 

Item, to M rs Betty Rishton . . . . 100 oo 

Item, to Marwood . . . . . 160 oo 

Item, to good wife Trundle ..... 040 oo 

Item, to good wife Taylor ..... 030 oo 

Item, to John Alegood ...... 046 oo 

Item, to Charles Bed: . . . . . 100 oo 

Item, to Robert Shales ...... 350 oo 

Item, to S r Edward Atkyns . . . . . 100 oo 

Item, to Ja. Case ....... 050 oo 

Item, to John Rumball ..... 060 oo 


Due to tne 

Item, from my L d of Yarmouth f . 

Item. Interest ....... 

Item, from my Cosen Paston lent .... 

Item, lent him more 2 guinyes .... 

Item. I have in Gold about ..... 

Item. Boispoole owes me ..... 

Item. I left in my -Lady Selling s hands a Jewell 

worth gold ....... 

Item. I left in Mrs. Windham s hands jewellry to ye 

value of ........ 

Item. I left a box of gilt plate with my Brother (now 

at horn) ........ 

Item, left a box of plate with Ned Waldegrave 
Item. I have plate here worth .... 

Item. I have my household goods .... 

Item. I have 600 sheep valued at . 

Item. I have from the tenants owing me of good rent 

Item, of dysperate ...... 










300 oo oo 

300 oo oo 

IOO OO 00 

2OO OO 00 

800 oo oo 

2^0 oo oo 

Purchases made by me II. B. since 1668 

Bought of M r John Mason a homstall with 2 

Cottages 2 pieces of pasture & acres of 

arrable in Oxborrow. Cost .... 

Charges & repaires ...... 

Hi s. d. 




* The wording is obscure. The underlying thought appears to be : " The double 
taxes, imposed upon Catholics, have, I find, run me into debts equal to all the taxes. 
For though I laid out the following sums, which I borrowed, in profitable purchases 
of land, I remain indebted to that extent." 

t Apparently William Paston, second Lord Yarmouth, who succeeded in 1683. 
He was related to Sir Henry through his mother, Margaret Paston, as mentioned 


Item. Bought of Allyson a homstall 2 Tenements, Hi s. d. 

onepeceof pasture of arrable in Oxborrow. Cost 120 oo o 

Charges & repaires . . . . . . oii oo o 

Item. Contracted with Wymer for a peece of pasture 

next adioining to ye aforesaid for . . . 050 oo o 
Charges & fencing with gates . . . . 02 oo o 

Item. Bought of John Mowell a homstall <$: 29 ^ 

of arrable. Cost . . . . . 120 oo o 

Charges & repaires ...... 006 oo o 

Item. Bought by me and my Uncle John of Diones 

Shales a homstall tenement with pasture . . 020 oo o 
Charges & repaires . . . . . . 015 oo o 

Item. Bought of Gregorie a little house standing in 

ye Night Close ...... 020 oo o 

Charges & Repaires . . . . . . 05 oo o 

Item. Bought ye little house at ye Fould Gate going 

to Stoke of Tom Taylor. Cost . . . 036 oo o 
The charge of adding to it . . . . . 009 oo o 

Item. Bought of Tom Burnell ye house tlarry 

Trundle lives in with ye appertinances . . 052 oo o 
Charges & Repaires ...... 003 oo o 

Item. Bought a Tenement of Christopher Trundle 

at ye Style. Cost ...... 042 oo o 

Charges & repaires ...... 040 oo o 

Item. Bought of Beckinghams grand child a little 

Tenement next to ye aforesaid house. Cost . oio oo o 
Charges & repaires . . . . . 002 oo o 

Item. Bought of William Oliver a little house in ye 

same yard w th a hempland. Cost . . . 030 oo o 
Charges & repaires ...... 004 oo o 

Item. Bought of Lane a sessement peece of pasture 

& of arrable in ye feild. Cost . . . 070 oo o 
Charges & Repaires ...... 030 oo o 

Item. Contracted with John Rumball for a Tene 
ment & Hempland next to ye aforesaid with 4 
& acres of arrable in ye field. Cost . . 090 oo o 
Charges & Repaires . . . . . . 12 oo o 

Item. Bought of Matthew Wilkinson a Tenement 
cS: large Hempland & orchard cost, charges & 
repairs ........ 007 oo o 

A smith forge to be added . . . . . 025 oo o 

Item. Contracted with John Kenton for his house, 
being a Tenement with a little peece of ground, 
he & his wife to have their lives in it & I to 
give him ........ 003 oo o 

Item. Bought a Tenement of old Yongs now added 

to ye house where Powly lives in. Cost . . 020 oo o 
Charges & Repairing ...... 030 oo o 

Item. Bought of Tom Taylor a Tenement next & ad 
joining to ye aforesaid with a meadow for wh. I 
gave him five acres of land in ye feild & money 060 oo o 


Hi s. d. 

Charges & Repaires ...... 005 oo o 

Item. Bought of John Tyllet 5 a & 3 r of arrable in 

ye feild. Cost . . . . . . 022 oo o 

And he is to sell me when it falls to him 3 a more 

for 12^ . . . . . . . . 012 oo o 

Item. Bought of M r Ralph Bagg all his Estate here 
in towne. Consisting of a fair Tenement with 
Barnes <.\: all Necessarie edifices with a great 
deal of pasture & arrable as ye writings sett 
forth. With a liberty of fourscore sheep going 
in my flock ....... 800 oo o 

Whereof I paid him 400 Hi. The other 400 Hi re- 
maines as a Mortgage upon itt to M r Arthur King 

Item. Bought of John Oliver a. Tenement next to 
Frank Suttons with a hempland Barnc and one 
rood <Sc a halfe of arrable. Cost . . . 050 oo o 

Charges & sinking 15 quitt rent . . . . 02 oo o 

& a lawyer 

All this in ye Parish of Oxborrow. 

North Pickenham 

Item. Bought of Robert Hammond a peice of 
meadow lying within my owne Meadow Called 
ye Lord s Meadow . . . . . .018100 

Item. Bought of Fletcher arrable fields . . . 022 io o 
Item. Bought of George Garrand a Tenement with 

Pasture. Cost me ...... 360 oo o 

Repaires ........ 040 co o 

Item. Bought of M r Gregorie Barbour a rent charge 
which he had out of ye Manner of Hugleford 
in North Pickenham being four pounds a yeare. 
Cost me ........ 082 oo o 

Item. Bought of M r Constable a Tenement with a 

Malt House, Barnes, Stalles and of arrable 

& pasture ....... 200 co o 

A little peece of copie adioining I must give John 

Thettford for itt . . . . . . 009 oo o 

Charges & repairs to ye Malt House &c. . . 20 oo o 
Item. Bought of M l Tasburgh a little Close of 

pasture . . . . . . . . 012 oo o 

Item. Contracted with M r Chalice for ye Grey Hall 

at 400 guinyes . . . . . . . 450 oo o 

More for charges ....... oio oo o 

Stoke, Wretlon 6 Weerham 

Item. Bought of M r Adamson a peece of fenn 

ground lying at Alton Damm .... 050 co o 
Fencing and charges ...... 002 io o 


Item. Of Heslopps quondam Tom Cowells, a Tene- Hi s. d. 
ment one acre and a halfe pasture free, ye rest 
Copie . . . . . . . . 150 oo o 

Acres of Fenn Land alsoe . . . . 

No. 2 

Of Thomas Mar wood we learn enough from his diaries, and other extant 
papers and notes, to make us keenly regret that we do not know more. 
There is a picture at Oxburgh of a middle-aged man with a boy, which 
has been too hastily labelled with Marwood s name. But in a dark corner 
the date "1640. Aetatis sua? 64" can, on closer inspection, be distinctly 
read, and this conclusively proves that the picture represents some one else. 
We must therefore leave out this picture from our consideration, and con 
sidering the unprepossessing cast of the features, this need not afflict us. 

Marwood occurs twice in England as a place-name, in Devonshire and 
in Durham, and this may account for the two large Marwood families, the 
one chiefly in Devonshire, the other chiefly in Yorkshire, and a good deal 
of information is extant about each of them. I have not been successful 
in finding our Thomas s place in either family, but it seems likely that the 
quest, though it might be a long one, would very probably be brought to 
a successful termination. 

The year of his birth is nowhere mentioned. Half-way through the 
seventeenth century that is, 1650 would suit the other dates well enough. 
The day of his birth is alluded to below, in the year 1700, on the 28th of 
November. His death, as appears from his tombstone, took place on the 
26th of October 1718. Some important dates for his life have been recorded 
by him on the fly-leaves of a meditation book still in the Oxburgh library. 
The memoranda are in effect resolutions, or are connected with resolutions 
set down during annual retreats, or days of special recollection, from the 
year 1689 to 1698, and generally on New Year s Day. The book is 
Meditations pour rAvent, iS~T., compos fas en Latin par Ic R. P. Busce : 
Nouvelle Traduction, Paris, 1684, and inscribed "e libris Tho. Marwood." 
The first line has been cancelled, but a good many of the words can be 

[In aedibus D r Lett! a Jan]. 1.69 ad Oct. 71. [..el..] 

Mater Mortua est. Nov. 8. 74. 

Pater mortuus est. Decemb 1 27. 76. 

Conuers. Jan. n. 70. 

Confirm, ab Arch. Ep. Mechlinens. Montacut. Sept. 14. 1679. 

Confess, totius vita? usque ad 5 Junii 1686. general, peregi D uo 
Syll 1 . 

Sclopeto vulneratus in pede sinistro Nectonii. Dec. n. 84: ex 
quo claudus ad Feb. i. 8i. 

\Tlie abm>e were all written at one fime.~\ 

Frater Johannes mortuus est 18 Junij Anno 1695. Req. in pace. 
. c . 1010 . 

Dec. 22. 89. i. Singulis diebus ante Dominum Xtm. cum publi- 
cano, clamabit, Pectus percutiens, "Jesu Xte miserere mei, maximi 

Jan. i . 8 j? 7 . i . Proponit Peccator toto Anno Sequent! humilitatem 
(praecipue in patiendo) colere. 


2. Singulis diebus jejunare ad Prandium usque in Coena. Pane & 
Potu contentus, &c. 

3. Ter in Septimana, sc. Mercurii, Veneris & Saturni, nihil a 
Prandio comedere. 

4. Singulis Saturni diebus recitare sanctae Mariae Rosarium sim 
plex & quotidie cjusdem officium, praeterquam in festis Positiuis 
(quando officium dicendum est) & Dominicis. 

5. Quotidie in Peccatorum . . . [sic] Poenitentiam recitare unum 
de 7 Psalmis penitentialibus cum 5 precibus assuetis (in ordine) & ter 
pulso pectore, dicere, Jesu X te (ut supra). 

6. Vino prorsus abstinere. 

Jan. i. 9^. Renouatur pro anno sequent! Propositum supradictum 
(praaterquam quod liberum sit quotiescunque libuerit pane & potu 
vesci, in diebus per Ecclesiae leges, non prohibitis). Intellecto semper 
q d obligatio non sit sub poena peccati. 

18 die Nov. Ao. 1690 [? 1691]. Petiit Peccat r humilem patientiam 
in crucem Xti Saluatoris sustinendo : &: mentem alacrem ad dei volun- 
tatern facicndam. 

i die Jan. 92. Petiit peccator humilitatis virtutem. 

Renouet Peccator Anni 1691 Propositum, & principaliter pctat, ut 
succinctis castitatis Renibus, et lucerna charitatis in manibus, Con- 
stanter Vigilet & Fidelitcr expectet aduentum Domini 

i Die Jan 9^. Proponet Peccator humiliter deo seruire absque 
omni solicitudine status vitae prsesentis, vel futurae, fortiter Dei bonitati 
& Saluatoris misericordire & meritis confidens, et Diuinse Voluntati se 
submittens : 

Quotidie recitat Sanctoe Marise Officium. Jejunet quotidie ad 
prandium, & a prandio ter in Septimana, et a Vino prorsus abstinet, 
quantum per Valitudinem potest (intellecto semper quod obligatio non 
sit sub poena peccati). 

Singulis diebus recitet unum e 7 Psalmis Pcenitentialibus &c., &: 
Sabato simplex rosarium. 

i Die Jan. 9^. Renovet Peccator idem prreteriti Anni propositum. 

i die Jan. 169!. Renovet Peccator Anni praeteriti propositum, 
castitatem praecipue colendo, & abstinendo ab omnibus corporis 
Illecebris, quae Virtuti huic inimicae sunt. 

i Die Jan, 169;}. Renovet Peccator Anni praeteriti Propositum, 
Patientiam praecipue & quietis animi indicia prastando, per Diuini 
Saluatoris gratiam prosequendam & ejusdem exempla & Imitationem. 

i Die Jan 169?. Proponet Peccator Saluatoris humilitatem, & 
Abnegationem, pro posse suo, Imitari, & a Sensuum Voluptatibus 
quantum potis est Cauere; respiciendo ad propositum Anni gf. 

i Die Jan. 1695. Proponet Peccator se totum ofierre Diuinae 
Voluntati, omnia de manu Dei sine murmuratione accipiendo. 


Quotidie recitet officium Sacerdotum. In alijs cum respectu ad 
propositum Anni 95 se dirigens. 

[On the fly-leaf at the end] Cap 11 Guliehnus Bedingfeld mortuus est 
Jan. 29. Anno i68. 


There are also in Oxburgh Hall Library a considerable number of 
books with the inscription "e libris Tho. Marwood," all (esp. a Bible) 
annotated or underlined by him. It is very likely that some of these 
may contain other biographical notes. There is a Memorandum Book 
of farm receipts, &c., with date 1681 on ist page, and on page i of 
the Rentall Book of 1688-1696, in Marwood s hand, there occur the 
words, "In the year 1679, that I came to Oxburgh." 

It has sometimes been suggested that Marwood must once have been 
an ecclesiastical student at a seminary ; and without a doubt the acumen, 
which he shows in some of his theological notes, is considerable. But with 
these memoranda before us, we see that this theory cannot be upheld, for 
it is now evident that he was born and educated a Protestant. That his 
education was good (though his Latin style was not Ciceronian) is evident 
from all that he has left us in writing. His first serious introduction to the 
world was " In the house of Doctor Lett 1 , from the first of January 1669-70 
to October 1671." If only we could read that name "Lett 1 " perfectly, we 
might make out much about his early years. 

For the present we can only conjecture, from the tastes displayed by 
Marwood in the Diary and other notes, that " Dr. Lett 1 " will have had his 
degree either in medicine or in divinity, as his pupil shows decided tastes 
for both sciences. 

The next date is that of his conversion, January u, 1672. This, it will 
be noted, was just three months after leaving " Dr. Lett 1 ." We may there 
fore plausibly conclude that there was some connection between these two 
events, but all else remains obscure. Then come the dates of the deaths 
of his father and mother. There is no R.I. P. added, though it is inserted 
after his brother John s obit. The omission is presumably of no meaning, 
but if it has any, it would signify, not that he did not wish them peace, 
but that they were Protestants, for whom the prayer was not then usually 

In the year 1679 he was confirmed at Montaigu * in Belgium, a cele 
brated shrine of the Madonna. The inference, from the long wait between 
conversion and confirmation, is that he had been in England during all 
that time. In the same year, but whether before or after is not known, 
he came to Oxburgh, officially as steward or agent to the estate, but 
in truth he seems to have been everything to the family nurse, tutor, 
doctor, and friend. " Amicus Verus, et Benefactor insignis Domus Bedin- 
feldianae," are the words which the third baronet inscribed on his tomb. On 
the nth of December 1684 he was hit in the left foot while shooting at 

* Montaigu, near Sichem (N.E. of Louvain), a celebrated shrine where a 
miraculous statue of the Madonna has been venerated ever since the beginning of 
the sixteenth century. Owing to its proximity to England, and to the English 
settlements in Belgium, " Our Lady of Sichem " was a favourite place of pilgrimage 
for English and Irish Catholics, and was much frequented by them. Cf. Foley, 
Records , . , vol. i. pp. in, 113; iv. 547 (with a note on the history of Sichem), 
548; v. 304, 602. Collectanea, vol. ii. pp. 760, 867, 1200 J. Morris, Troubles of 
our Cath. Forefathers, vol. i. pp. 308, 310. On the history of Montaigu, see 
A. Van Weddingen, Xotre-Dame de Montaigu (6 e edit., Bruxelles, Schepens), where 
the chief authorities will be found. [W.] 


Necton (some four or five miles north of Oxburgh), and the wound was 
not fully healed for nearly two months. 

The next series of memoranda are of a private, indeed of a sacred char 
acter. They show us the man in his relation to his Maker. It would serve 
no purpose to prolong our analysis of them, or to endeavour to formulate 
the edification which they will cause to appreciative minds. The facts are 
as follows. On the 5th of June 1686 he made a general confession of his 
whole life to " D 11S Syll 1 ," which I suppose means Mr. Sulliard. "Uns" or 
" Mr." would be the ordinary title for a secular priest, but who he was, I 
cannot accurately determine. Foley (Records, iv. 606) gives accounts of 
two John Suliiards, who studied for the priesthood at the English College 
some thirty years before. Neither of them were ordained there, but they 
may very well have been ordained elsewhere. 

Three and a half years after this commence a series of resolutions, 
renewed and amplified on nine successive New Year s Days from 1689 to 
1698. From these we see that this strong, acute, and kindly layman, who, 
in the face of his Maker, speaks of himself simply as " Peccator," has set 
his mind in the first place on acquiring that virtue of virtues, humility, and 
his method was thorough. 

He will fast every day up to dinner-time, and will be content with bread 
and water at supper, while thrice in the week that is, on Monday, Wednes 
day, and Saturday he will eat nothing after dinner, and abstain entirely 
from wine. Every Saturday he will recite the entire rosary, and the Office 
of the Blessed Virgin daily, except on Sundays and great feasts, when he 
will say the Office of the Church. As penance for his sins, he will say daily 
one of the seven penitential psalms, with the five accustomed prayers, and 
thrice strike his breast and say, Jesu Christe, miscre mei, maxiini peccatoris ! 
In 1693 these resolutions are explicitly renewed (except that nothing is said 
of his fare at supper), with the condition as far as health permits." He 
generally undertakes each year to work for a new virtue, or a new aspect 
of a virtue, such as chastity, charity, expectation of the Lord s coming, 
patience, peace of mind, &c. 

In the diary which follows there is no allusion whatever to his own 
interior life, but, from what we have now heard about that subject, we can 
understand that the casual references to prayers, good sermons, and solemn 
ceremonies, and that significant "><" (or "at my duty," or "devotions," 
for confession and communion*), were to him of the deepest significance, 
and recorded moments of the most reverential intercourse between the man 
and his Maker. 

No. 3 

A quarto volume, bound in white vellum, leaves in six gatherings, each of twelve 
half folio pages, pot paper. The last gathering and a half sheet or two of the pen 
ultimate gathering, on which accounts had been kept, have been torn out. Entirely 
written in Marwood s hand, who has added on the inside, " Retraite a Momorancie 
& a Notre Dame aulx St. Denis & Panior." This retraite is not alluded to else 
where. On the modern label outside, Mr. Marwood s Diary, 1699-1703. 

The diary seems to have been kept not for its own sake, but as memo 
randa for letter writing, and a record of business transacted. It begins 
abruptly, with the departure from Oxburgh of Marwood and his pupil, 
Henry Arundel Bedingfeld, without a word as to the object of their journey. 
This, however, soon becomes apparent. The three daughters of the Second 
Baronet, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Frances, have already gone abroad, and 

* In later years the little cross is also used for " Thank God." 


are staying" with their aunts, Margaret and Anne Bedingfelcl, nuns at the 
English Carmelite convent of Lierre, which their grand-uncle Edmund, 
afterwards Canon of Lierre, had helped to establish, and had watched over 
all his life. Pictures of all three hung, and still hang, on the walls of their 
Norfork home, an indication of the strong bond of affection which existed 
between the various members of the family. The separation of the cloister 
brought no division or oblivion to the children of Dame Margaret, and her 
grandchildren would have known their aunts faces before they actually met 

There had been, moreover, at Lierre two cousins of Sir Henry s Sister 
Mary of the Incarnation, professed in 1671, who died between 1709 and 
1714; while her sister, Anne of the Ascension, professed with her, had 
died in 1692. These were daughters of Sir Henry s aunt Elizabeth. There 
were also two Eyres Sisters Mary Martha of Jesus and Mary Catherine, 
who were respectively professed in 1689 and 1691, and who died in 1706 
and 1729. They were daughters of the Baronet s sister Mary. 

The occasion for the family reunion seems to have been the jubilee 
of the convent at Lierre, which had been formally opened on St. Francis s 
day, October 4, 1648 (Life of Mother Margaret Mostyn (Margaret of 
Jesus), by the V. Rev. Edmund Bedingfield, Canon of S. Gomarre s, ed. 
H. J. Coleridge, 1878, pp. 56-64). 

This was the immediate object. Eventually a still more important sub 
ject, the children s education, was to be considered. This, as we shall see, 
needed much deliberation, and led to many changes of plan. 

In the introductions to the different sections (I need hardly add that 
these divisions are made by the editor) an endeavour has been made to 
set before the reader a connected view of what the Bedingfeld family 
was doing, why it chose this or that line of action, and who the English 
persons and communities were with whom it dealt. On these points Mar- 
wood is studiously silent indeed he purposely disguises what he has to say, 
as English Catholics of that day were forced to do. More detailed accounts 
of individuals will be found in footnotes, while at the end of the year 1700 
an interesting Appendix will be found on the places visited by Marwoocl. 
This has been drawn up for me by the Rev. L. Willaert, S.J., whose un 
equalled knowledge of the intercourse between the English Catholics and 
the Low Countries is attested by his papers on the Negotiations Politico- 
Religicuscs cntre UAnglcterrc et les Pays-Bus Catholiques (1598-1625), 
which have been appearing since 1907 in the Revue ifHistoire Eccltsias- 
tiquc of Louvain. 



22 August to 1 8 October 1699 

The journey to Antwerp was not marked by anything unusual. At 
Antwerp " the Style altered." They now followed the New Style, which was 
eleven days ahead of the Old Style, then observed in England. As usual 
with our travellers, they spent the day seeing the great churches and the 
ramparts. It is well to take note of the English persons whom they met ; 
they are Mr. (probably the same as Captain Edward) Blackburne, Mr. 
Exton (? Euxton), Mr. Tobin, and Mr. Hunter. The latter was presumably 
Father Thomas Hunter, a Dominican, who will be frequently mentioned 

On the 8th of September they continue their journey to Lierre, where 
they lodged at Mr. Drury s boarding-house. Several canons and other 
churchmen lived here, as also several English. Mr. Southcote, Mr. Doughty, 
Mr. Bowles, Mrs. Hatcher, and "Mr. Jo. Martin of Burham" (Bornhem), 
dined there on the I7th. He was a young Dominican Father, a cousin 


of the Beclingfelds, and afterwards became, as we shall see, a man of some 

Father Pordage returned to his post at Oxburgh on the I2th, and his first 
letter, received ten days later, brought the good news that Sir Henry was 
coming. He doubtless found it quiet at home, now that all the children 
were gone. So he must have applied for a licence to travel, in form such as 
the licences printed in previous volumes (C.A .S., ii. 305 ; iii. i), and leaving 
old Dame Margaret to herself, he set out to join the family party at Lierre. 
He was no longer young or strong in fact, he had only five years of life left 
before him and we see in the diary that he was easily upset (Sept. 27, 28, 
Oct. 3, &c.). He came by Calais and Dunkirk instead of by Antwerp. 
He had perhaps to come up to town for his permit to travel, and so the Calais 
route was not much longer. 

Upon his arrival the visits to Count Winterfeld, the governor of the 
town, were renewed, and the reception was doubtless not less hearty than 
that given on the nth of September to Sir Henry s children. 

The celebration at the convent was now about to commence. The occa 
sion of these festivities is not stated, but we cannot be far wrong in consider 
ing them as the jubilee of the foundation. It is true that the date of their 
first foundation was St. Francis s day, October 4, 1648, and that the fiftieth 
year of the foundation would therefore have been 1697-1698. But there were 
reasons for postponing the celebrations a little, especially as the house they 
actually occupied had not been theirs from the very first. Anyway t\\&fesia was 
kept "with great splendour" on St. Theresa s day, "with good MUSICK." 
The governor of the town with his family were afterwards treated to dinner 
at the convent, and, with the Archbishop s permission, the same honour was 
done to the Bedingfelds on the next Saturday, and their guests were, with the 
same favour, shown all over the house, and then there came the farewells. 
Sir Henry returned on Sunday to sup with his sisters. It was almost their 
last reunion here below. Next day the family took wagon and went on to 

August 1699. *%* Diarium. 

Tuesday, 22 of August 1699. M r Pordage,* the Esq re , M rs Master- 
ton and my Self set out fro Oxburgh. I was ill w th a Paine in my side. 
We dined at Norton where M r Sulyardf met us. And that night we 
came to Ipswich & lay at ye Queen s head. 

Wed. 23. We took boat for Harwich, & arrived ab fc n at Noon, 
& came to ye King s Armes, where we lay that Night because the 
Pacquet boat went not off. 

Thursday, 24. Wee took ship in the Eagle Pacquet boat, Cap 1 
Grey Commander, and set sayl ab* 10 in the Morn. And had a 
good passage (but somewhat rough at Night & raging) ab* i in ye 
Morn we discovered ye light house at ye Goree, and so lay by, till day 

frid. 25. Ab fc 10 in the Morn we entered the Brill, & stayd but to 

* Father William Pordage, S.J. (Foley, Records, vii. 615; v. 565; vi. 417). 
Foley believes him to have been the son of Thomas Pordage of Kodmersham, Kent, 
and that his mother was heiress of John, heir to Mark Ive of Ive. He was the 
chaplain at Oxburgh, to which, as we shall see, he soon returned, and where he 
remained till his death at the age of eighty-five in 1736. He is buried in the Beding- 
feld chapel. There were two Miss Pordagcs, nuns at Dunkirk, probably his sisters, 
whom we shall meet again. 

f" This was no doubt some member of the well-known old Catholic family of 
Sulyard, whose property of Haugley Park lay near Norton. For pedigree, see Foley, 
Records, iv. do\ 


drink, because the Tyde served for Rotterdam, where we Arrived in yc 
Skeut Boat by i afternoon, & ye Esqre. & Nurse lay at the King s 
Armes, M r Bram an English man ; But M r Pordage & I lay at ye 
black boy by ye Oude Hoft. 

Sat. 26. Aug. We took a yacht for Antwerp & went on board about 
10 in the Morn. We came to Dort about 12, Stayd there an houre, & 
went aboard againe, but ab* 4 ye Winde grew high & ag* us, so that not 
dareing to Anchor all Night, we Struck in to Meredike & next Morn the 
Wind being high and contrary We took a Wagon for Antwerpe. 

Sond. 27. We arrived by Sun Set at Antwerpe and lodged at 
the Ville de Londres. And here the Stile Alter d and o r Aug. 27 was 
there Sept. 6.* 

Sept. i New Stile. We spent at Antwerp. Viewed S fc Mary s 
Church, the Jesuites, the Carmerlite Nuns, the Rempars. Saw an 
Elephant. Met M r Blackborne & M r Exton. 

Tuesd. 8. The Nativity of Our Blessed Lady. After Morning Service 
at Notre Dame dined with M r Tobin & M r Hunter &c. We took the 
Wagon for Lyre which lyes at ye Spigel; where we arrived at 7 at 
Night, but not being expected we lay that night at ye Inne. 

Wedn. 9. Came to M r Drury s, received with all kindness. 

Thursd. 10. We spent in visiting and seeing the Towne. 

Frid. n. We Visited the Governour, Baron de Winterfield, who 
invited [us] to see often his son a young Gent of 13. M r Drury came 
from Brussels. 

Sat. 12. M r Pordage left Lyre in the Afternoon for Antwerpe. 

Sunday 13. \ At Lyre Viewing the Towne and Great Church of 

Mond. 14. > S k Gomarre, a Royall Canonry whose Chaptre has no 

Tuesd. 15. ) Superior but ye King. 

Wed. 1 6. The Governour s son came to visit ye Esq. And that 
Afternoon first ye Ladies began Arithmetick. 

Thursd. 17. M r Jo. Martin of Burhamf dined at M r Drury s. 

Sept. 1 8. M r Bowles left M r Drury s for Brussels, & ye Governour s 
Lady made ye young Ladys a Visit. 

Sat. 19. ) See the Biggainage of Lyre, a neat Enclosure & Church, 

Sund. 20. j dedicated to S* Margaret, ab* 150 Religieus in it. 

Monday 21. M 1 " 8 Hatcher came to M r Drury s from Brussels, 
dined there and left M r Doughty, took Wagon that afternoon & (with 
M r Drury) went to Antwerpe on her Way for England. Chanoin 
Binion went to Tongren Abbey. D r Du Briule, Chan. Van Ufle, and 
ye Cantor of Lyre all Boarders. 

Tuesd. 22. M r Drury came from Antwerpe. We had ye first 
letter from M r Pordage giving acc f . Sir H. B. was Arvd. 

Wed. 23. A g l Eclipse of ye Sun, from 8 till near n in the 

* On the difference of the " Old " and " New " Style, see C.A .S. v. 399. 

f Sir Roger Martin of Long Melford (whose mother was Jane Bedingfeld of 
Oxburgh) had for his fifth son John, born in 1676. We shall hear below of his 
returning to England, to work on the mission there. Dr. Oliver says he had taken 
the degree of Master in Theology. " This venerable man, of seventy years standing in 
his order, and sixty years service on the mission, closed his eyes to this world at Long 
Melford, Suffolk [where he had been born], on the 3rd of February, 1761 " (Collec 
tions fir Cornwall . . . and the Dominican . . . On/cr, p. 463). 


Thursd. 24 Sept. At ye Glaus a Neat Church of the Dominicans. 
A letter from M r Pordage giving details Sir H. B. was coming. 

Frid. 25. Sir H. B. arrived at Lyre by the way of Calais & Dun- 

Sat. 26. Sir H. B. viewed S fc Gomar s. M r Exton came to M r 
Drury s. 

Sund. 27. After a visit to ye Governour. Sir H. B. was ill y l Night. 

Mond. 28. Sir H. B. was well & heard the young Ladys sing. M r 
Tobin came to M r Drury s. 

Tuesd. 29. Sir H. went to Brussels & took M r Doughty with him. 

Wed. 30. M r Tobin & M r Drury went to Antwerpe. 

Thursd. Oct. i. M r Drury came home & the Cantor, who had 
been Sick at the hospitall, came first time home. 

Frid. Oct. 2. Sir H. came from Brussels. 

Sat. Oct. 3. Sir H. ill in ye morning. Visited ye Governour after 

Sund. 4. We went round the Rempars of Lyre, which are about 
2 miles .1 Compass, are much decayed, but the Towne is capable of great 
Strength, 5 Gates ; 3 parts may be layd under Water about ye Towne. 

Mond. 5. ) No where visited but saw the Capucines Neat 

Tuesd. 6. J Garden. 

Wed. 7. Saw the Water mill of ye Town, an old uncouth thing. 

Thursd. 8. I & M r Drury went to Antwerpe on foot with a Bill 
on M r Konnick for 350 Livres de Grosse (each 6 Florens or 
20 Skillens). 

Frid. 9. Returned to Lyre by noon with the Cash. 

Sat. 10. At house. 

Sund. ii. At house, it rayned the first time (of any consequence) 
since our arrival in Flanders. 

Mond. 12. \ Nothing observable. Sir H. bought a gun to shoot 

Tuesd. 13. / flying for 3 Pattacoons.* 

Wed. 14. Sir H. & ye Esq re dined at ye Governour s. M r South- 
cote came to M r Drury s. 

Thursd. 15. S fc Theresa s Day celebrated with great Splendour 
by ye Carmes Religieuses. The Dean of Lyre celebrated with good 
MUSICK S: ye Governour & Lady, & Countess of Gistar & 2 Daughters 
&c., were treated at Dinner. 

Frid. 1 6. At house. 

Sat. 17. At the Religieuses (by leave), treated handsomely at 
Dinner. Saw all the house & took leave. 

Sund. 18. Sir H. supped with the Religieuses and on 

Monday 19. Took a Wagon with all his Family for Brussels. Passed 
by Duffelt, Malines & Vilbort & at ye 3 Fountaines dined. Sent away 
Dennis with the goods by Water, & followed that night by 6 or sooner 
to Brussels. Set down the Ladys at the Lorrainesses. I stayed 
with the goods till Dennis brought the rest, & so carryed them all (that 
were not for the Ladys) to Cap* de Bodes, derriere 1 Eglise de la 
Chapelle a la haute RUL-, beyond the Steen Porte. 

# The Pattacon was worth about l.alf-a-crown of our money. 


19 October 1699 to 24 January 1700 

The Bedingfeld family came to Brussels full of joy and hope. They 
could not but have been satisfied with the happy gathering at Lierre. They 
now found themselves yet once more among friends and relatives, and were 
about to commence under very favourable circumstances the educational 
courses which they had come so far to seek. But a sad calamity befel 
them after two months, and they left Brussels again amid grief and fear. 

They arrived there in a large travelling wagon after a day s drive, and 
the three young ladies were set down in Place du Grand Sablon, at the 
convent of the Augustinian Nuns, called " the Lorrainesses," of whom more 
immediately. It may be that they were to live there as pensionaires ; but 
from the way Marwood speaks, it seems not impossible that they were day 
scholars, and lived with their brother, under Marwood and Mrs. Masterson, 
at Captain de Bodes, "derriere 1 Eglise de la Chapelle, a la Haute Rue, 
beyond the Steen Porte." All these names still figure on the map of 
Brussels, and fix the locality with great exactness. This seems to be the 
house which Marwood means by "home." 

On the i6th of November the little Esquire began to go to school at the 
Jesuit College, and to take his share in their feasts, ecclesiastical and 
collegiate (November 19 and 26). The quarter s pension (200 florins) had 
been paid at once, and there were extra tutors engaged for their music, 
singing, and dancing. These accomplishments were probably acquired 
"at home" during the afternoon or evening. While the children were at 
their schools during the day, Marwood would have had plenty of time for 
his rounds among churches, convents, ramparts, and gardens, in all which 
he so much delighted (October 25, November 2 (All Souls), Christmas at 
St. Gudule, &c.). On the walls of these churches were many monuments 
of English Catholics, not a few of which have since perished, though the 
inscriptions may often be read in Sanderus, Flandria lllustrata. 

Of the English convents the most frequented was "The Spellicans." 
They were English Dominican nuns, founded by Father (afterwards 
Cardinal) Howard, at Vilvorde, about the year 1661, and removed to 
Brussels some ten years later. Het Spellikins-huys, "the pin-house," had 
been a pin-factory, and stood in the road afterwards called Rue des Epingles, 
not far from the Porte de Louvain. The whole quarter has since been 
revolutionised and rebuilt. The Oratorians had turned it into a religious 
house, but were now anxious to leave, as they had built again in a less retired 
situation. So Father Howard succeeded, not without some difficulties 
however, in completing the transfer, and brought Mother Barbara Boyle 
(Prioress), Sisters Magdalen Sheldon, whose death is mentioned below 
(December 13), Catherine Mildmay, Frances Peck (died 1680), Ann Busby, 
and Catherine Howard, with two lay sisters, Jana Bergmans and Columba 
Pound. Three other ladies of the Howard family afterwards joined, in 
religion Mary Delphina, Dominica Rose, and Catherine. It will be re 
membered that the Baronet s first wife was also a Howard, and there were 
probably other kinships to unite the visitors to the convent. The com 
munity has wandered many times in the course of the last century, and now 
flourishes at Carisbrooke. 

The following description of the convent from a Description de la Villc 
de Bruxelles, written about the year 1742, will give us the points which 
a spectator of that age thought most worthy of notice : 

" Les Religieuses Angloises de 1 Ordre de S fc Dominique sont e"tablies tin 
peu au-dessus depuis quatre-vingt ans ou environ. Le terrain oii leur 
Monastere est bati, etant clove* de la Ville, leur a procure des moyens faciles 
d y faire de magnifiques jardins. 



" II y en a trois en terrasse, qui se communiquent par des escaliers a 
trente degrcs chacun, ce qui forme un bel amphitheatre, d ou elles ont la vue 
de la Ville & de la Campagne a plus de trois milles de distance. Leur 
maison est grande & commode pour loger environ trente Religieuses qui 
composent cette illustre Communaute, qui fut transportee de Vilvorde dans 
cette Ville. Elles ont une petite Eglise tres propre et batie & la moderne, 
ou elles font le service divin avec beaucoup d edification. Elles sont 
exemptes de la juridiction Episcopale & dirigees par des Religieux du 
meme Ordre." (British Museum, 156, a. 7, p. 171.) 

For more about these sisters, see Husenbeth, Notices of English Colleges, 
&c., pp. 94-97; F. M. Steele, Convents of Great Britain, pp. 41-44 ; C. F. 
Raymond Palmer, Life of Philip Thomas Howard, U.P., Cardinal of 
Norfolk, with Sketch of the Dominican Order in England, 1867, pp. 119-122, 
139, i45> 179,232. 

On the I7th of January 1700 Marwood "was at the Benedictines, with 
Mrs. \Valdegrave, Mrs. Chilton, Mrs. Bowles." This convent was founded 
in 1599, and was, I presume, the first separate community of English 
religious founded since the Reformation. I may again quote the Description 
de Bruxelles, for the chief points of interest in the monastery (p. 178) : 

"Le Monasteredes Religieuses del Ordre de S Benoit fut fonde dans cette 
Ville en 1599 par Mademoiselle Percy fille du Due de Northumberland, qui 
touchee des calamites que les revolutions d Angleterre causoient en ce 
tems-la a la Religion, prit le parti de s eloigner de ce tumulte, & ayant 
quitte son Pays, accompagne e de plusieurs Demoiselles de qualite, elle se 
refugia a Bruxelles, ou elle forma le dessein de se consacrer a Dieu dans 
la retraite avec ses fideles Compagnes : Et pour 1 executer avec ordre 
elle appella Madame Berckley Religieuse dans 1 Abbaye de S fc Pierre 
a Rheims, qui en apportat 1 institut de S l Benoit, que ces heroiques 
Dames Angloises embrasserent sous sa conduite. La Superieure 
ayant le litre d Abbesse est elue par la Communaute pour toute sa vie. 
L Archiduc Albert & 1 Infante Isabelle leur ayant offert des revenus con 
siderables, si elles vouloient leur deferer le droit de nommer 1 Abbesse, elles 
remercierent tres-humblement leurs Altesses Sdrenissimes, preTerant la 
liberte raisonnable, dont elles jouissent a 1 avantage des richesses. Elles 
sont neanmoins sous la juridiction Episcopale. Leur Eglise est tres-propre. 
On y voit a cote du principal Autel le mausolee de marbre du Baron de 
Theinham & de son Illustre Famille,* que les troubles avoient eloigne de 
1 Angleterre pour vaquer tranquilement a leur salut dans cette Ville, ou la 
mort a couronne leur exil & leurs vertus." 

For further information about the English Benedictines founded at 
Brussels, but now settled at East Bergholt, see Dom Bennet Weldon, 
Chronological Notes, Appendix, pp. 30-35 ; Francesa Steele, Convents of Great 
Britain, 24-27 ; Husenbeth, pp. 60-62. 

No part of Brussels presumably was more frequented by the Bedingfelds 
than the Grand Sablon, at the east end of which stood the convent of " The 
Lorrainesses," which the three girls attended ; while on the west stood the 
Hdtel Elsbury, to which the Baronet paid many visits, the home of the 
wealthy Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Ailesbury, who frequently appears 
in our narrative. He had endeavoured to steer a middle course during the 
Revolution ; had accepted William as a reformer, but refused to sanction 
his advancement to the throne. Gradually, therefore, the suspicions of the 
Orangemen against him became more and more acute, and at last he was 
thrown into the Tower on a charge of treason. His wife, who was with 
child, died of anxiety at the shock, and after he had been set free on bail 
he obtained King William s leave to live abroad. He then settled at 
Brussels, built himself a fine hotel, and eventually married again. We shall 

* The sixth to the eighth Barons Teynham died in Brussels, 1673, 1683, 1699. 


meet this second family later on (nth August 1700). His stay at Brussels 
was afterwards commemorated by the Ailesbury monument in the centre of 
the Sablon. 

I may again quote the Description de la Ville de Bruxelles, p. 100 : 

" La place du Sablon, nommee le Marche au foin . . . ou les Troupes de 
la garnison s assemblent tous les jours pour la Parade en relevant la garde. 
C est un grand carre long, dont 1 Hotel d Elsbury occupe par le Mylord 
Anglois de ce nom remplit une des petites faces. Le Monastere des 
Religieuses nominees Lorraines est situe dans 1 autre. Elles vivent selon 
la Regie de S fc Augustin ; les ravages de la Guerre, leur ayant fait deserter 
de Lorraine, elles se retirerent a Bruxelles, ou on leur a donne le nom du 
Pays, d ou elles sont sorties. Les deux autres faces ornees de belles Maisons 
la plupart modernes & couvertes d ardoise en mansarde et en pavilion, 
fonnent un beau coup d ceil. Ou y voit vers le milieu une Fontaine qui 
fournit la meilleure eau de la Ville. C est un des plus agreables endroits, 
ou on respire un bon air a cause de la hauteur du terrain, ou il est situe. 
Ses maisons sont habitees par plusieurs personnes de condition." 

This description, written about 1742, does not contain any allusion to 
the Ailesbury monument which was erected soon after and is still standing. 
I may quote an account of this from the " Description" of 1782 : 

" La place du Grand Sablon est la place d armes de Bruxelles ; au milieu 
se trouve une belle fontaine que le Lord Bruce, Comte d Ailsbury, qui avoit 
habile quarante ans Bruxelles, avoit par son testament charge son heritier 
de faire construire. Cette fontaine est ornee d un groupe de marbre blanc 
de Gene qui represente Minerve assise tenant les portraits en medaillon de 
leurs Majestes Imperiales & Royales ; a sa droite est la Renommee, & a sa 
gauche 1 Escaut ; un genie tient 1 egide & la lance de la deesse, ce groupe 
est pose sur un pied-d estal eleve de 13 pieds, sur les deux faces de ce pied- 
d estal sont sculptees les armoiries du Lord d Ailsbury, avec cette inscription 
au-dessous, Fuiinus: ces armoiries sont appuyees par deux tetes de Mascaron, 
qui vomissent de 1 eau : aux deux cotes du pied-d estal on lit les deux in 
scriptions suivantes, composees par M. Roderique de Cologne, Conseiller 
intime du Prince Charles de Lorraine. 

Thomas Bruce 

Com. Aylesburiensis, M. Brit, par 
Hospicio apud Bruxellas XL. annis 

Usus jucundo & salubri 

De suo poni testamento jussit 

Anno M. DCC. XL. 

Anno M. DCC. L 

Pace ubique terrarum firmata 

Thomas Bruce Thomaj heres erigi curavit 

Francisco Lotharingo Rom. imperium 

Et Maria Theresia Caroli VI. F. 

Regna paterna fortiter vindicata 

Feliciter & gloriose tenentibus 

Carolo Loth. Belgii prasf. 

"Ce monument a eteerige en 1751, execute par Jacques Berge, sculpteur 
de Bruxelles, d apres les dessins du Comte de Calembert. En face de ce 
monument, & a 1 une des extremites de la place, est 1 Hotel du General 
Chanclos, qu avoit habite jusqu a sa mort le Lord Ailsbury : a 1 autre 
extremit^ est le monastere des Lorraines." (Pp. 16, 17.) 

Foreign politics do not seem to have excited much enthusiasm in Mar- 
wood ; they do not often do so in Englishmen. But Europe was, in fact, 
rapidly nearing a situation which would inevitably result in war, and war 
in which England would have to take part. Charles II., King of Spain, 


was sinking to his grave, and when he was gone what would come of the 
motley group of states which Charles V. had attached to that throne ? 
Flanders and the Milanese, the two Sicilies, and the Indies were involved, 
and there were various claimants, whose rights could only be balanced with 
difficulty. But amongst these candidates loomed large and ominous the 
descendants of the King of France. The balance of power in Europe would 
be utterly upset if France received so enormous an accession of power as 
this heritage must necessarily bring with it. So there were various " Parti 
tion Treaties" arranged upon beforehand, in order to maintain that balance. 
The first of these would have placed on the throne of Spain the son of that 
Maximilian Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, who was then Governor of the Low 
Countries (November 6, c.). But the poor boy had died of small-pox in 
the preceding February. A second child was born at this time (November 
17 and 30), but by another wife, so now all was in uncertainty, though the 
chances of Maximilian s accession to power had suffered exceedingly. 

New efforts to make some arrangement were made, and on the 3ist of 
October we hear that "the Repartition" (or second Partition Treaty of this 
very year) was " burnt by the hangman," doubtless because it did not suit 
the aspirations of the Elector, who was French in sympathies, and was 
eventually driven for the time out of the country by Marlborough, after the 
battles of Hochstecht, Blenheim, Ramillies, &c. 

Bearing these above circumstances in mind, we see what good reason 
there was for keeping the birthday of King Charles (6th November) with 
rejoicings. The " Mass at y e Jesuites for y e Soules of y e Soldiers" (October 
31) was, I presume, a requiem for the many gallant fellows who had 
fallen in the great wars, which had been so lately ended by the Peace of 
Ryswick, loth September 1697. This peace had restored Mons to the Low 
Countries, and the reference to its garrison on December 16 will be some 
how connected with this. 

For the last few years, the popular party of the " nations " (guilds) had 
been agitating for new privileges ; in September 1699, riots broke out in 
several parts of the town ; the government first tried to calm the people by 
granting new liberties ; but the leaders persisted in their attitude of dis 
order. At last, on December i6th, Maximilian introduced in the town several 
regiments of paid soldiers, and the chief agitators were thrown into prison. 
Cf. Henne and Wauters, Hist, de Bruxelles, vol. ii. p. 160. The Pasquil, 
mentioned ist November, would have turned on the strained situation, and 
it must, of course, have been against the Government. On the soldiers, see 
2 ist December. 

The domestic life of the family at Brussels was at first only troubled by 
the indispositions of Sir Henry (October 23, 24, 28, and December 10), and 
these were not very serious. He had moved to new, perhaps to more com 
fortable, quarters Aux trois Fontaines, Mons. Jacques. He often dined 
with Lord Ailesbury (sometimes taking his children with him), also with 
Mr. Fonseca and Mr. Thomond, or Thaumond, and went "to the play" 
(loth December) or "to the Assemblie" (2oth December). 

The happy life was now interrupted by a sad bereavement. In these 
days, before vaccination was discovered, the ravages of small-pox among 
children were very terrible. We have already seen that it had not spared, 
in that very year, the young prince, on whose life the peace of Europe 
depended ; and shall hear later on of other calamities of the same kind 
(see I gth August 1700). The Bedingfelds were now saddened by the loss 
of their eldest girl, who still wanted two months for the completion of 
her fifteenth year. Deeply pathetic is the account told day by day in 
Marwood s diary, from the I2th of December, when she fell ill, to Christmas 
Eve, when "she died like an Angel, R.I. P., about \ past 8 in the morning," 
and this though two days before they had thought her on the fair road to 


She was "decently enterred in y c Chappell Vault, belonging to y e 
Religieuses ; but privately, because her decease was not to be knowne." 
Were it not for a few clauses like this in various places of the diary, we 
should hardly have perceived how heavily the penal laws pressed upon the 
Catholics. Marwood seems to have stood by the sick child like a parent. 
It was to him that the doctor gave the sad warning that the end was at 
hand. He sends for the priest, and sees her buried. Doubtless Sir Henry 
was there too, but Marwood, we feel, is the directing spirit. 

As soon as Elizabeth s sickness declared itself, Margaret and Frances 
were taken off to Lierre under the charge of Mr. Drury, with whom they had 
lodged previously. But the Esquire, it seems, remained on in the sick 
house. Two days after Elizabeth s death Nurse Masterson was taken ill, 
but was soon better again. Next day the boy was " ill after dinner," and it 
gradually became evident that he, too, was going through a somewhat 
severe bout of fever. However, the dread pox-marks did not declare them 
selves, and owing to the careful nursing of Marwood and Mrs. Masterson, 
he was well enough to be moved to Lierre in a coach on January the 23rd. 

Tuesd. 20 Oct. We did nothing but view about & Sir H. took his 
lodgings aux trois fontaines, Mons. Jacques. 

Wed. 21. I carryd 200 Florens to ye Religieuses for ye first Quarter 
for ye Ladys as per Acq. Saw M r Blackborne. And this Day Mons r 
de Bross began to teach the Ladys to Dance at 2 Crownes per month 

each & Mon sr to sing & Mons r to teach them musick & all 

are to teach every Day, & each to have 2 Crownes a Month. 

Thursd. 22. Mons r de Bross first began to teach the Esq re to 
Dance, & to have a Pistoll a month. 

Friday 23. I Sir H. was somewhat out of order & had some 

Saf. 24. j Touches of the Gout. 

Sunday 25. I was at the Chappell de Sablon in afternoon at a 
French Sermon. 

Monday 26. Nothing of Moment but viewing the towne. 

Tuesd. 27. Mons r Barri began to teach the Esq r French, to come 
2 houres in the day (Morn &: Night) &: is to have 14 Florens a Month. 

Wed. 28. Sir H. continued down right ill of the Gout; & so as to 
keep his bed, of his right foot. 

Thursd. 29. j Nothing of Moment, but that wee saw the Speli- 

Frid. 30. > cans & Ram pars, & the Works ab* ye Towne and the 

Sat. 31. ) Fayr in the Towne House & Grand March e. Onely 
on Saturday was a Mass at ye Jesuites for y c Soules of y e Soldiers, & 
the Repartition was burnt by the Hangman. 

Novemb. i, Sunday. Was a g fc Solemnity & I heard there was a 
Pasquil set up on the Church. 

Mond. 2. Was All Soules very Solemnly kept. And the Bells 
rang almost all Night to reminde people to pray &c. 

Tuesd. 3. Was S* 1 Char. Borrom. day. We saw the Elector at Mass 
in the great Charmes.* 

%f d - 4 ; i Nothing of Moment. 
Thursd. 5. I 

Frid. 6. We saw the Elector at Dinner (being King Charles birth 
day, after he heard Mass at S* Gudule s), there was ab*- 22 persons at 

* The Grand Cannes Church was situated rue de 1 Etuve, opposite the rue du 


Table, very splendide. And that Night were Illuminations & 3 pieces 
of severall Sorts of Wine ran out of a Conduit in the Court. 

Sat. 7 Nov. At home all day. 

Sonti. 8. At M r Thouson s in after noon & at ye Sablon. 

Monday 9. At home. R. 

Tucsd. 10. At home. Afternoon walkt on y Rampars by ye 

Wed. u. S fc Martin-day. At home till Afternoon. Walkt abroad. 

Thursd. 12. At home. Afternoon at ye Fripary Fair by Notre 
Dame de Succour,* and with C. Blackborne & M r Hulk. S r H. & 
ye Esq r dined at M r ffonseca. 

Frid. 13. S r H & ye Esq r din d at L d Aylsbury s. I rec d of Frere 
Flemans 150 fflorens by Order fro m Lyre. 

Sat. 14. At home. Sir H. ye Ladys & Esq r went to the Spelicans 
after Din r . 2 Lette" from M r Edward B.f 

Sund. 15. Sir H. & all his Fam. dined at ye Captn. with ye Count 
de Bersails, our convictor. 

Mond. 1 6. The Esq r went first to ye Colledge at Bruxels. 

Tuesd. 17. At home till afternoon in the Park. Saw D. de 
Baviere & Prince de Liege.J 

Wed. 1 8. S r H. was with the Esq. at the Colledge. 

Thurs. 19. Father Rector of ye Colledge performed his Jubilee 
w th a Solemn Mass. I was at ye Spelicans. 

Frid. 20. Sir H. came to lodge at night at Cap. D. Bodes. I saw 
Justice done to two Rogues in ye g* Market. 

Sat. 21. I had a g* Cold seized me having been up all night for 
fear of a fire in the house. 

Sond. 22. I was at M r Thaumonds & at ye Sablon. 

Mond. 23. At home. S r H. dined with M r Fonseca. 

Tuesd. 24. S r H. at home. 

Wed. 25. Was a great Indulgence at ye Chappell S fc Trinite,|| at 
ye Jesuites a solemn Mass en Musique. 

Thursd. 26. I was at home. The Esq. at night at ye g* Procession 
at the Jesuites whom he first assisted. I was at the Spelicans after 
noon. S r H. dined with Ld. Aylesbury. 

Frid. 27. At home & at the Lorrainesses. Sir H. dined at M r 

Sat. 28. The French Master s month (first) ended, & I rec d a Bill 
of 200 Fl. on Monsieur Jaccobs a la Rue Eveque de Brussels. 

Sond. 29. I saw the Capuchins Garden.H 

* Rue Notre-Dame de Bon Secours, between the boulevard Anspach and the 
rue du Marche aux Charbons. 

f Edward Bedingfeld, the third son of the first baronet. He was of Gray s Inn, 
and had been called to the bar in the time of Jumes II. As the profession had since 
then been barred to Catholics, one may presume that Marwood s correspondence 
with him related to business matters. 

| Joseph-Clement of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege (1694-1723). 

Fr. William Aernhoudts, rector from 3rd April 1698-1701. 

|| Now destroyed. It stood in the rue de Loxum, between rue du Marquis and 
rue des Paroissiens. 

TJ The Capuchin house was situated rue Ilaute, between the rue des Capucins 
and the rue S. Ghislain. 


Mond. 30 Nov. S l Andrew s Day. The Prince of Baviere was 
Christned? (See Nov. 17.) 

December i, Tuesd. I rec cd from Lyre 324 Flor. i6s. wh should 
have been 325 Flor. The Esq re not well. 

Wed. 2. At home. Sir H. B. with L d Ailsb. 

T/turs. 3. At home. S r H. B. abroad. 

Frid. 4. At home. S r H. at M r Fonseca s. 

Sat. 5. At home (S r H. at M r Thomond s) & at an Auction. 

Sun. 6. I was afternoon at the Biggenage.* 

Mond. 7. At home. 

Tuesd. 8. At home & the Esq. w th S r H. & L[adies] dined at L d 

Wed. 9. At home w th S r H., who dined with ye Ladys. 

Thurs. 10. S r H. at home till even, at a play & returned not well 
of his hand. 

Frid. n. At home. S r H. well. 

Sat. 1 2. At home. At night M rs Elizabeth Bed : taken ill of a Fever. 

Sund. 13. At home. Mad. Sheldon dyed at ye Spillicans. j 

Mond. 14. S r H. at home & treated at dinner L d Aylsbury, % M r 
Cook, &: after Dinner Visited by L d Coot & his brother. I dined with 
Cap 1 Blackborne. 

Tuesd. 15. At home. M 13 Eliz. continues ill. 

Wed. 1 6. M ra Eliz. came full out w th the Small pox early this 
morn. The Garrison of Mons march in here. 

Thurs. 17. At home. M r Drury came. 

Frid. 1 8. M r Drury Stayed here. 

Sat. 19. M r Drury went to Lyre, & took with him M rs Margaret & 
M re Frances. I went with them to Vilvord. 

Sund. 20. I was at home This day. S r H. dined with L d Aylsbury 
& after Dinner went thither, & to ye Assemblie. 

Mond. 21. S l Tho. day. I was at home. In ye afternoon ye 
Esq r walk fc with me on ye Rampires, c\: saw the Souldiers that were 
lodged there, to chastize ye Burghers. 2 Letters de Londres. 

Tuesd. 22. I was at home. M ra Eliz. gave all the signs of doing 
Well. And that night they began to Wash her face to preserve her 

Wed. 23. In the Morn her Feavor began to grow upon her, And 
to talk idle. And ye Spots in her legs began to Sink. Afternoon she 
was worse, And at night the D r told me She was in Danger, iS: there 
fore must dispose her for the End. I sent for F r Cotton, || who was 
with her most of the Night. And at five she fell a Sleep ab* - Seaven 
Waked in her Agoine & ab l 8 in the Morning 

* The Beguinage occupied large premises extending from the rue de Gaeken to 
the docks. 

f See above, pp. 49, 83. J See above, pp. 50, 51. 

" Lord " Coote was doubtless Nanfam Coote, elder son and heir of Richard, 
first Lord Bellomont, in the peerage of Ireland. He succeeded his father on the 5th 
of March, 1700, and was himself succeeded by his brother Richard on the I2th of 
July, 1708. Communicated by the Afarqttis de Ruvigny. 

|| This was probably Father Richard Cotton alias Phillips, S-J., who was in 
Belgium at this time, and afterwards a missioner at Norwich, where he probably died 
in 1740. Foley, Records S.J., vii. 177. 


Thursd. 24 Dec. She Dyed like an Angel, R.I. P., about \ past 8. 
That Night I saw her decently enterred in ye Chappell Vault belonging 
to ye Religieus, but privately because her Decease was not to be knowne. 
Her Doctor s name was Phillipeaux. 

Frid. 25. I heard 3 Masses at S* Gudula s & afternoon a Sermon 
at ye Minims * & ye Salue at ye Urselins.f 

Sat. 26. I heard a Sermon at ye Minims &c., Nurse was ill all 
that day at ye 3 Fontaines. 

Sun. 27. I was most of the afternoon with Nurse, who dined at ye 
Captain s. S r H. & ye Esq r dined at L d Aylsbury s, Esq r ill after 

Mond. 28. I went on horseback to Lyre. And that Afternoon ye 
Esq r had a fit of a Feavor. 

Tuesd. 29. I was at Lyre & Received + of M r Drury. That 
Afternoon ye Esq r out of Order again. 

Wed. 30. I came to Brussells, left all Well at Lyre, but found ye 
Esq r ill & Nurse with him. 

Thurs. 31. The Esq r ill all day & riss not till 3 Afternoon. 

Jan. 1700, Friday i. The Esq r had his Feavor, but we thought 
somewhat abated, his D r was G. Verhoff. 

Sat. 2. The Esq r had a pretty good day, but that Night his Feavor 
was very Violent. But the D r gave him Nothing [at] all this time but 
Sudorificks, for fear of the Small Pox. 

Sond. 3. The Esq r was heavy & dozy, but bleed much at the 
Nose; but that night after 10 he began to talk idle. And at 2 had a 
smart Feavour. And so continued Restless & talking to himself all 
night. (His Apothecary was M r Jan Magh at ye Corall in the Bergh 

Monday 4. Yet without sleep. And this Morn the D v gave him 
a Bolas of Rhubarb. And his Revery continuing, At 6 at Night he 
applied Malagmas to his feet and also a Sudorifique &: 

Tuesd. 5. That Night I watcht w th him. And he had a very 
restless One without Sleep & Reveing, yet ab* i he sweat Gently & ab l 
4 this Morn he fell into a Quiet Sleep for f of an hour, &: ab* 6 into 
another, & from that time began to Amend. 

Wed. 6. He was somewhat better, And at Night he Slept quietly 
for 5 Houres but had 5 Stoles that day & Night & by chance was 
suffered to Sweat too Violently : Nurse & I being Absent. 

Thurs. 7. He still continued hopefully mending. 

Frid. 8. I found his pulse much altered in ye Morn with little 
sign of a Feavour. And that day he continued finely well & Slept 
composedly. But about 2 hours after he was Up he was ready to 
Swound, but being put to Bed it went off with a clammy sweat in I an 

Sat. 9. He took a purge of Rhubarb and $ dulies and he was 
finely Well after it, & that Night slept soundly. 

Sund. 10. He began to eat bread &: was ordered to eat a bit of 

* The Church of the Minims was in the rue des Minimes, near the rue du 

t The Ursulines are still on the same spot, rue dcs Ursulincs (formerly rue du 


Veal, if he would, but he could not. But he eat a Tost in White 
Wine. The first time & continued up all the Afternoon ; And at Night 
he went to bed & slept till 2, soundly. But then he grew hot and 
sweat a little. That Night S r H. seal d M rs Somerset s Writeings. 

Mond. 1 1 Jan. \ He continued to Mend but eat not Meat. And 

Tuesd. 12. / then he eat the part of a Chicken, but was a little 
ill after it. That night I sat up & gave him i of Manna in his 

Wed. 13. He continued to Mend & eat Tost & Butter for Dinner. 

Thursd. 14. He continued bound & first went down to the Hall, 
at Night he had a Clyster & I sate up. 

Frid. 15. He was well & went downe & Stay d 4 houres below. 
At Noon he took 3 Pills. I sent at night our goods to Lyre. 

Sat. 1 6. He continued to mend & eat flesh for dinner & he took 
3 pills again. I re cd of Mons. Adrian Francau 299 Fl., 5 Sos. 

Son. 17. He continued to eat well. I was at ye Benedictines w th 
M Waldegrave, M rs Chilton, M rs Bowles.* 

Mond. 1 8. Hee took 2 Pills in ye Morn but he held well. 

Tuesd. 19. This Night is called the Viel de Femmesf Upon a 
pretty Passage that happened in Hr. Duke Albertus time. Since w ch 
time ye Women (w th Jollity) put their Husbands, & all Men in the 
house to bed this Night. And the next morn a gen rall breakfast is 
hot bread and Butter. 

Wed"- 20. He continued Well : I was in the Even w th M r Speed, 
& M r West, Cap tn E d Blackborne & M r Hulk. 

Thurs. 21. He went out to take Ayr toward Anderbach & returned 

Frid. 22. He continued to Mend. Took 3 Pills. Afternoon he 
saw the Capuchins. 

Sat. 23. We left Cap* 1 de Bodes, took Coach & 4 horses for Lyre, 
where arrived at 5. Ye Ladys had Colds. 

24 January to 25 May, 1700. 

Marwood s object being mainly to chronicle daily events, we have to 
judge for ourselves what the reasons for them may have been. It is, of 
course, obvious that the party moved from Brussels to Lierre for change of 
air after the severe attack of fever which had ravaged their "home" at 

# This Mistress Waldegrave seems to be Arabella, daughter of Henry, first Lord 
Waldegrave, and of Henrietta, the natural child of James II. by Arabella Churchill, 
sister to the Duke of Marlborough. Mistress Waldegrave would thus have been great 
grandchild of Anne Fasten (who married Sir Henry Waldegrave, the second baronet), 
sister of Margaret Paston, Lady Bedingfeld, who was still alive. As Mistress 
Waldegrave is mentioned first among the nuns, it is likely that the visit was made to 
her as to a relative. 

From the list of nuns professed at Brussels, printed in the Appendix to Weldon s 
Chronological Notes (Ed. 1881) p. 34, it seems that Mistress Waldegrave was called 
in religion Theodosia Joanna, professed in 1666, and that she was Abbess from 1713 
to her death in 1719. From the same source we learn that Elizabeth ChiUon was 
professed in 1691, and Gertrude Henrietta Chilton in 1694, but there is no mention 
of any Bowles. 

j See below, p. 84. 


Brussels. For a week after his arrival the boy invalid was convalescent, but 
after that he seems to have got quite strong again, except for an occasional 
cold in his eye. On the other hand, Marwood sprained his leg (Feb. 3), and, 
worse still, the. Reverend Mother was sick unto death. The best doctors 
were sent for, and Marwood, ever interested in medical details, tells us 
approvingly many particulars about her treatment, which will, I daresay, 
sound barbaric and cruel to moderns. She recovered a little, and Sir Henry 
came down for the last time to see his sisters, and left for England on the 1 3th 
of February, the terms of his permit to travel probably forcing him to return. 

At last, on the igth of March, "being St. Joseph s day, after a most 
painful sickness of 50 days, the Rev d Mother dyed." Next day Marwood 
and the Esquire attended her funeral. 

She was Elizabeth Mostyn. in religion Mother Ursula of All Saints, 
sister of Sir Edward Mostyn of Talacre, as well as of the celebrated Mother 
Margaret. Elizabeth was born 14 February 1627, and many details about 
her will be found in the Life of Mother Margaret Mostyn (by Edmund 
Bedingfeld), pp. n, i8#., 23, &c. She had been Prioress ever since the 
death of her sister twenty-one years before. 

On the i Qth of next month Mistress Southwell was chosen Prioress, 
Mistress Somerset Sub-Prioress, and Mistress Fettiplace "Discreet." 

Mrs. Southwell must be an alias, for from elsewhere we see that the 
succeeding Prioress was no other than the Baronet s sister Margaret, in 
religion Margaret of Jesus, who was professed in 1673, and died in 1714. 
Sister Mary Francis of St. Anne (Somerset) had been professed in 1680, 
and died in 1745. Mrs. Fettiplace was a widow, her maiden name was 
Mostyn, and she was one of three nuns at Lierre, nieces of the Reverend 
Mother just dead. In religion her name was Margaret Theresa of the 
Immaculate Conception, professed in 1694. She died in 1743, an d had 
been twenty-one years Prioress. 

They will frequently appear hereafter as correspondents, especially in 
money matters. The explanation of this probably is that Sir Henry was 
accustomed to send to that convent the dowers of his sisters, and, having 
made sure that this channel was safe, went on sending to Marwood by the 
same means. It will be seen that "writings" were executed (5th March) 
and "bills" received (3rd April), and a visit was made to Brussels and 
Antwerp (March 13 to 16), to Mr. Hunter, Sir Dan. Arthur, and others. 
These were all presumably on business, and probably connected with the 
death of the Reverend Mother Mostyn. 

On the igth of April Marwood goes to " Burham," and there meets Captain 
Binn and Mr. Dryden. Read without comment, this entry may seem unim 
portant, but in reality it was a family matter, and one of some importance 
for the Esquire. "Burham" is really Bornhem, the chief house of the 
English Dominicans. Captain Binn, i.e. Captain Bing, has long since 
resigned his command, and is an octogenarian friar, who has just resigned 
the post of Provincial. Mr. Dryden is the youngest son of the great Poet 
Laureate (who was then on his deathbed, and died on the ist of May, O.S.) 
by his wife Lady Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of the Earl of Berkshire, and 
sister to Sir Henry s (the first Baronet) first wife Anne, and by consequence 
a cousin of the Esquire. Martin was now Sub-Prior, and it was probably at 
his invitation that Marwood called. 

Our author s description of the house is that it was " neat," a favourite 
adjective of his, and he adds that it was " well situate for summer, but low 
for winter." Read in the light of future events, we see that this is written in 
view of the Esquire s coming to live there, for the Friars were about to 
develop their school there, which, after the year 1703 (Palmer, Life of 
Cardinal Howard, p. 22 1), grew and flourished exceedingly, but which at 
this time seems to have consisted only of a " Mr. Mannel," perhaps one of 
the Meynels of Kelvedon. 

Canon of Lierre. d. 1KSO. 


OrJ. Carin.. d. 1701. 

Ord. Carin.. d. 1714. 

To f \icc />..7.S 


Marlow s guarded report perhaps did not fully satisfy Sir Henry, but 
preparations for removal began. On the ist of May they were "at the 
governor s to take leave," and on the 3rd the family party broke up. Father 
Pordage seems to have returned to guide the young ladies, with Mrs. Mas- 
terson, to Dunkirk. Marwood and the Esquire accompanied them as far as 

Marwood again passes over the reasons for the choice of Dunkirk as a 
place of education for the girls, and again the genealogical tree of the family 
supplies the omission. The Benedictine monastery at Dunkirk was a foun 
dation from Ghent, commenced in 1662 under the Lady Abbess Mary Caryll, 
who died in 1712 (Annals of the English Benedictines of Ghent, and now at 
Oulton, 1894). Her brother Richard had married Frances Bedingfeld, Sir 
Henry s sister. So a family tie connected the girls with the convent, while 
Father Pordage also had two sisters nuns there. 

If, therefore, Sir Henry had been asked by some government inquirer 
whether his children went to Papist schools abroad, he could truly answer 
that they were only travelling on the Continent, and had been paying visits 
to cousins, aunts, and other relations. 

The reason for this caution was all the greater at this time, as Parliament 
had just passed the cruel and malignant laws of the eleventh and twelfth years 
of King William, " for the further preventing the growth of Popery," which 
were intended to ruin every Catholic who heard mass, or educated his child 
as a Catholic. To say nothing of inability to inherit or purchase land, after 
the loth of April 1700 : "WHOEVER shall convict a Person of sending his 
child &c. beyond Sea to be educated in popery TO RECEIVE as a reward 
the whole Penalty of ioo/. inflicted by 3 James I." &c., &c. An enormous 
premium therefore was now set upon the vile trade of the informer, and it 
behoved every Catholic parent to act with the utmost possible circumspec 
tion. It cannot surprise us hearing frequent changes of plans and of pre 
cautions, which were perhaps all the better for being a trifle comic. 

Thus we read on the I4th of May : " I rec d a letter from S r H. in order 
for Fr., : that is, orders to take the boy to France with a view to his going to 
school there, as was eventually done. So letters were " writ to Mr. Fonseca 
to take places" in the coach, and all was ready for departure when a second 
letter came to stop them, sent by the care of the Reverend Mother Southwell. 
There seems to have been a consultation as to what should be done next, and 
it was resolved that Marwood and his charge should visit " Mr." or " Mrs." 
Burham (i.e. the Dominican convent at Bornhem). This system of turning 
place names into personal names in order to disguise them was frequent among 
English Catholics. It sounds funny here, but Marwood had good reasons 
for keeping his hand in for the " epistolary style " of the period. 

After a preliminary visit to " Mr." Burham by Marwood, and the usual long 
farewells, he and his little charge set off to " Mrs." Bornhem by boat on a 
wet day. A friend, Mr. Lutre, sent down his " Calesh" to drive them up to 
the house, and there they were kindly received by " Captain " Bing and " Mr." 
or " Mons." or " Father" Mine," who was to be the Esquire s preceptor. 

Sund, 24 Jan. The Esquire continued Well and was first at Mass 
at ye English Carmelites. 

Mund. 25. Was a Very Wett Day, And he took 3 Pills So Stird 
not out. M rs Margaret very ill w th her Teeth. 

Thursd. 26. M rs Margaret &c. went to an Action at the Augustine 
Nuns of Vrydenbergh. The Esq r well. 

Wed. 27. A fayr day & first we walkt abroad to take ye Ayr. 

Thursd. 28. It was a Very Wett Day or else I had gone to Antwerp 
w th ]yf r Drury. The Reverend Mother was taken very 111. 

Friday 29. M rs Margaret gums lanced for ye Tooth Ake. The 


Esq. continued Well. The Rev d Mother thought to be better. I writ 
to Cap* Bodes. 

Sat. 30 Jan. The Rev d Mother 111. 

Sond. 31. The Esq r walkt out first with me on ye Rampars. 

Feb. i. The Rev d Mother thought to be in great danger & 

Feb. 2. I ^ in S 1 Goniars Church. A D r sent for to Antwerpe for 
ye R. M. M 1 8 Margaret was taken ill. 

Wed. 3. I sprained a Tendon of my right leg. The R. M. better 
also M rs Margaret. 

Thurs. 4. S l Blase s Day solemnly observed at ye Hospitall, where 
is a great Relique of his \v ch I kiss t & touch t my head &c. My leg 
is better. R. M. slept well last night and thought out of Danger. 

Frid. 5. The Rev d M. mending. M Margaret somewhat ill. 

Sat. 6. R. M. still mending. 

Sund. 7. R. M. Thought Dangerous. 

Mond. 8. S r H. dined in ye cloyster w th permission & ye Esq r 
also. Esq. & I walkt to Nazareth. 

Tuesd. 9. S r H., Esq. & I walkt and saw ye Carthusians. 

Wed. 10. R. M. so ill that D r Verhoff was sent for. 

Thurs. n. At night ye D r Came, gave her Kent s Powder & 

Frid. 12. She was better in ye Morn. D r went away at Noon. 

Saf. 13. S r H. went away for Antwerpe & in ye Morn in his way 
for England. I had a letter from M r Journo. 

Sond. 14. I had a letter from S r H. and answered it. This day ye 
R. M. is thought in g* Danger. 

Mond. 15. S r Hen. parted from Antwerpe for Gant. And sent 
the R. M. a present of Wine. 

Tuesd. 1 6. R. M. like to dye. I had a letter from S r H. 
Wed. 17. ) S r H. went from Ghant by Bruges, as by 

Thurs. 1 8. / A Letter this Night from S r H., when also I had 2 
from Dunk[irque]. 

Frid. 19. R. M. seemed to Mend much. I & Esq r at Nazareth. 

Sat. 20. R. M. continues to Mend. I writ to M r Edward, & S r 
H. took a Ship at Dunkirque & went up the River to London & arrived 
there next Morn by 8. 

Sond. 21. M r Sckoker the Surgeon of Antwerpe was sent for to 
R. M. 

Mon. 22. The Surgeon came. A Letter from Dennis to Nurse, & 
from S r H. to his Sister, against Mascarade time. 

Tuesd. 23. Shrove Tuesd. M r Cattaway and M r Hunter here. 
Wed. 24. Letters to M rs Margaret from E. B. M r Hunter dined 

Thurs. 25. They went to Antwerpe. 

Frid. 26. I writ to M r Hunter about M r Cattaway. M r Mackarty 

Sat. 27. D r Troby came from Antwerp w th the Surgeon to ye 
R. M. 

Sond. 28. D r Troby and M r Skocar went to Antwerpe. Carnival 


March i, Mond. 1 had a letter from Mr. Hunter. 

Tuesd. 2. At home. A Wet Day. Rev d M. very dangerous. 

Wed. 3. At Night I had the Letter from M r of his Arrival to 
England dated Feb. -\2 Tuesd. 

Thursd. 4. } R. M. very ill. The Esq r had a paine in his side at 
times and 

Frid. 5. j Took 3 of his pills. That night I had a Letter from 
M rs Ann Cattaway that ye Writeings set out on Mond. last. 

Sat. 6. I sent her Letter to M r Hunter. I writ this day to S r H. 

Sund. 7. I was at S* Gomars *%*. 

Mund. 8. I was at the Eclus of ye P. Dominic, when the Confessor 
of Nazareth, made a learned Panegyrique on S* Thomas Aquinas in 
Latine it being St. Thomas Day. 

Tuesd. 9. A Very Wet Morn. The R. M. gave hopes of Recovery 
for 2 or 3 Day past. This day M r Sockard opened her leg. 

Wed. 10. M r Cattaway came this morning from Antwerpe. I had 
a Letter from M r Blackborne. 

Thursd. 1 1 . M r Cattaway went for Brussels and by him I sent 
M r Blackborne his book. 

Frid. 12. I had a letter from Brussels of the arrival M 1 " 8 Cattaway s 
Messenger w th the Writeings. And so resolved next day to go to 

Sat. 13. I went to Bruxels. Arrived there ab l 7 at Night and lay 
at the Soleil and found the Messenger M 1 Tho. Fay. 

Sond. 14. I visited the Lorreinesses, Benedictines, Spelicans, M r de 
Bode. Little M r had a Blistering Playster for his Eye. 

Mond. 15. We Spent in Finishing the Writeings and then writ to 
M r & M rs Eliz. Cattaway, and then at 8 Night took boat for Antwerp 
with M r Cattaway. 

Tuesd. 1 6. We Arrived at Antwerp at 7 in the Morn, And Treated 
by Mr. Hunter at a Collation & came a foot with M r Cattaway to Lyre, 
and arrived about 4 after noon. 

Wed. 17. M r Cattaway stayed at Lyre all day. 

Thurs. 1 8. M r Catt. went to Malines. 

Friday 19. M r writ to me. About Noon near One o clock the 
Rev d Mother dyed (after a most painfull Sickness of 50 days) being 
S l Joseph s Day. I writ to Brussels. 

Sat. 20. Rev d Mother buryed, at w h ye Esq r and I attended. 

Sund. 21. The Esq eye blood shot againe. 

Mond. 22. I writ to Sir H. 

Tuesd. 23. I writ to Cap* Blackborne about M r8 Eyre s box.* The 
Lady s Mistress went to Brussels. 

Wed. 24. We went towards Duffle on ye River [Nethe inferieure], 
& saw their way of Fishing wh. is with Nets of the least Meshes, wh. 
destroys all Fry. Their Casting Nets are usefull & quick. I had a 
Letter from Cap 1 Blackborne. 

Thurs. 25. Lady Day. I was w th Esq. to See y e Governour s Son. 

Friday 26. I writ to Brussels ab l changing a Shirt &c. & sent 
M r Blackburn a hat. 

* Probalily one of the two nuns named above, p. 45. See below, 6 October 
i Too. 


Sat. 27 March. M r Drury came from Antwerpc & his Sister. 

Sund. 28. I writ to S r H. 

Mond. 29. 

Tuesd. 30. M r Somerset arrived at Lyre. 

Wed. 31. M r Drury ye Esq r & I went to S 1 Gomars Well & 
Emblem. I had a Letter fro Brussels. 

Thurs. April i. M r Bed. s eye blood shot againe. 

Friday 2. I was at ye Mai son Verd w th M r D. 

Sat. 3. I Rec d 2 Letters from S r H. & a Bill on Sir Dan Arthur * 
for 75 1/. los. &: one from M r Journo. And M rs Southwell rec cl one 
with a Bill also on M essrs le Coleulx & Comp. for 7267. los. from 
Mr. Berionde. 

Sund. 4. Palme Sonday. 

Mon. 5. I answered S r H. Letters (writ to M r Edw.) & own d ye 
Receit of the 2 Bills. 

Tuesd. 6. M ra Southwell shewd me a Letter fro M r Edw. (wherein 
was her letter of Attorney ab* M r Long s Mortg.) & in that letter he 
desired me to return him back M r Berrionde s Bill on M 6881 " 8 le Couleulx 
& Comp., for 726 Liv. 10 sols. Tournois, which I gave her that day to 
returne w th ye S 1 Letter of Attorney. 

Wed. 7. I heard the [Tenbra;:] at ye Carmel & in the end they 
discipline] for 3 Misereres. And after that Even No Bels stir in ye 
Churches, but at ye High Mass next day, when there is but one Mass 
said in any Church. M r Hawn & M r Goodyear came. 

Thursd. 8. I was at S* Gomars & Saw ye Quire do their East[er], 
& in ye Afternoon ye Dean washt 12 poor Men s feet, gave each a loaf 
& 6 St. M r Hawn & M r Goodyear went away for Antwerpe. 

Frid. 9. Good Friday was a Wet Day & we did not Stir but to ye 
Theresians, where ye Service was Solemne (Ed w Blackborne dyed). 

Sat. 10. The Esq r s blood shot eye somew* appearing. 

Sund. n. I was at my Easter at S fc Gomars, and afternoon ye 
Esq. & I went with a bonne festef to ye Governour and his Lady. 

Mond. 12. Ye Esq. & I walkt to Nazareth, M r Pordage came at 

Tuesd. 13. At Evening came ye Dean of Antwerpe to make the 
Election of ye Teresians, a Re vd Person ; his name Ibarra. 

Wed. 14. In ye Morn after ab* an hour s choix, M rs Southwell was 
chosen Rev d Mother by 2 in 14, & M re Somerset Subprioress <Sc M r8 
Fettip[lace] Discreet. I had ye ace* of M r Blackborne s death. 

Th. 15. I rec d a Letter at Night from S r H. 

Frid. 1 6. I gave S r Dan Arthur s bill for 7567. los. to the Rev d 
Mo. to Returne to S r H. s order to M r Lutton, and writ to S r H. & my 
Lady J an Ace* of the Election. 

Sat. 17. M r Tobin here & went back. 

Send. 1 8. The Esq. blooded w th Leeches & 2 Severall dayes 
before took 5 of his Pills. 

Mond. 19. I went to Burham w th M r Drury, w ch is 4 houres from 

* Daniel Arthur seems to have been knighted by King James while in Ireland, 
about the year 1690 (Shaw, Knights of England, ii. 266). 
f That is, to greet them with the words, " Bonne Feste." 
j My Lady, i.e. the Dowager Lady Margaret (Paston) Bedingfeld. 


Antwerpe, passing by ye Abbey of S l Bernard & Rupermonde & just 
over ag* Toms. The house is neat & well situate for Sum r , but low 
for Winter & moyst. I found there Capt. Binn, M r Dreyden,* Subprior, 
& was Civilly entertained. And returned that night to Antwerpe by 
10 &: lodged at ye Mirroir. 

Tuesd. 20 April. I visited the Teresians, M r Tobin, M r Hunter. 
And after 2 returned a foot to Lyre. 

Wed. 21. I had ye Ladys here w th ye Esq r all ye Afternoon. 

Thurs. 22. The Esq r & I went to the half way house w th M r 
Hunter, Pordage & Drury. Met there M r Bonine, & Mackar. And 
was followed by ye Ladys, & dined all together, at Night. I had a 
Letter from Sir H. dated Apr. i. 

f rid. 23. The Esq rs Birthday. I answ d S r H. Letter of yester 
day & Treated ye Rel[igieuses]. And Com[? memorated] my Lady s 

Saf. 24. 

Sund. 25. We were all treated in ye even at M (lc Sconemakers. 

Mond. 26. M r Pordage &: I went to Antwerp. I had a Letf from 
M r Edward [Bedingfeld] w th one from S r H., for M re Southwell. 

Tuesd. 27. Was wet all Day. The Esq r and I w th the Rel. I 
talk* w th M r Gifford. 

Wed. 28. M r Pord. came from Antwerp. M 1 " 8 Nelson Sick. 

Thursd. 29. I had a Letter from S r H. 

Frid. 30. I had a Letter fro M r Cattaway. 

Sat. May i. Was at ye Govern to take leave. M r Pordage was 
with us, & after at ye Ghant House a pretty hospitall of Relig. S l 
Eliz. their patroness. Their Refectory neat. 

Sond. 2. Dyed M 1 " 8 Nelson, a Relig. 58 years old, & 31 profest, a 
most excell t Woman, at whose Interm t was heard (by 4 Sisters) a most 
extraord. singing of Musick a bt ye Vault next day. J 

Mond. 3. The 2 Ladys took Leave for Dunk[irk]. I w th ye Esq r 
accompanyed them to Antwerpe. Din d at ye Grand Oye au Marche 
des CEufs. 

Tuesd. 4. After they took ye Wagon, we saw ye Castel S k Michaels, 
The G* Carmes. In the Castel was a neat Tomb & Chappel for Don 
Francisco de Velasco. St. Mich, is a Noble Monastery of Norbas- 

* Erasmus Henry (in religion, John or perhaps Thomas) Dryden, son of the poet, 
and eventually succeeded to the baronetcy, though not to the estate. For his kinship 
to the Bedingfelds, see above, p. 58. Cf. also G. Oliver, Co/lections, &.c. &c., con 
cerning Dominican, <5rf. Orders, 1857, p. 455 ; Palmer, Life of C. Howard, p. 211 ; 
Obituaries, p. 8 ; Gillow, ii., iii. ; J. Kirk, Biographies, p. 66. 

Edward Bing had been provincial in 1695. ^ e had, under the name of " Captain 
Byngly," been charged by Titus Gates with complicity in his plot (Palmer, pp. 183, 
217). He died 1701, cttatis eighty-two (Oliver, 451). 

t Elizabeth Arundell, daughter of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, the second 
wife of Sir Henry, died 13/23 April 1689, in giving birth to her son Henry 
Arundel, who had therefore now completed his lith year (Playfair, Family 
Antiquity, i. 527). 

J She was daughter of Colonel Thomas Nelson, and Ursula Colford, who had 
migrated to Brabant, and with the reputation of sanctity. All their four children 
became religious. One of the boys, Francis, became a Jesuit (Foley, vii. 539) and 
one a Franciscan. Both the girls, Mary and Catherine, were professed at Licrre ; 
Margaret (Sister Mary of St. Bernard) in 1654, Catherine (Sister Anne Theresa of 
Jesus) in 1669, the year after Mary s death. 


tines (sic), whose Prior has 30,000$?. for his private expences. The 
Refectory is Royal 1 for Paynting & flooring. And the Church has 
rare pieces of Reuben & Quilinus. The Cannes has a Noble Chappel 
of ye Dimensions of Loretto. At night we returned home. 

Wed. 5 May. I received a Letter from S r H. M r Henry Somerset 
came from Louvaine. 

Thurs. 6. I writ to Mrs. Marg., Nurse, M r Pord. & S r H. & had 
ye Esq rs Head shaved. 

Frid. 7. I had a Letter fro M rs Masterson y fc ye Ladys were well 
at Ghant, & a Letter from M r Journo. 

Sat. 8. I had a Letter from S r Hen. dated before the last I rec d ; 
Father Grimes Provincial & Fa fc Williams Rector of Louvaine came. 
The Prov. & Rector dined here. And the afternoone we went to the 

Mond. 10. Fa th Grimes, Williams & M r Somerset went away, & 
by Father Grimes I writ to Cap 1 Bode, as S r H. ordered me. M v 
Lynes of Louvaine came hither. 

Tuesd. ii. I writ to M r Tobine. Yesterday we first went into the 
D rs Chamber. I was let blood. 

Wed. 12. M r Lynes went away for Louvaine. 

Thursd. 13. M r Hearns (sic) came & took his leave of ye Esq r 
for England, & M r Drury went to Antwerp. 

Frid. 14. M r Drury returned. I rec d a letter from S r H. in order 
for Fr . M r Heanes left Anvers. 

Sat. 15. [I received a letter from S l " H. ordering my Journey to 
Fr. cancelled^ M r Gilpin & 2 Southcotes came. 

Sund. 1 6. 

Mond. 17. M r Tobin came. M r Southcote writ to M r Fonseca to 
take places. I writ to M r Edward. 

Tuesd. 1 8. I writ to S r Henry. M r Tobin went away. 

Wed. 19. S 1 H. writ to ye Rev d M rs Southwell to stop our Journey. 

Thursd. 20. Ascension Day. I did my Duty at S l Gomars. And 
afterwards it was agreed we should go to M r Burham s (sic). 

Frid. 21. I went with M 1 Drury to Burham (sic) that night 
returned to Antwerp. 

Saf. 22. I returned home. 

Sund. 23. I went to visit ye Governor &c., but he was abroad, & 
we went to bid M 1 Van Hussle Adieu. 

Mond. 24. We spent at ye Monastry mostly taking Leave. 

Tuesd. 25. At 4 Afternoon we went (w th M r Tobin) to Antwerpe. 
Lodged at Vandikes at ye Cans & M r Hunter Visited us. 

Wed. 26. At 9 in ye Morne, We went by Boat to M rs Bornhem. 
A very Wet day all day long. Met there by M r Mine & in M r Lutres 
Calesh * carryed to the House, where Capt. Bing received us kindly. 


27 May to 26 October 1700 

The stay at Bornhem was comparatively uneventful. The most im 
portant news here recorded is the death of the King of Spain (i4th 

* Calesh, now generally Calash ; a light two-wheeled cart with a hood. 


November), soon to be followed by the War of the Spanish Succession. 
Hardly less eventful for England was another death, that of the boy Duke 
of Gloucester (igth August), so momentous for the fortunes of Prince 

Frequent and interesting are the notices of the various Dominican 
Fathers, of whose virtues and labours we as yet know so little. Marwood, 
regular in his practice of disguising proper names, hardly lets us know 
who are Friars, who laymen, but with attention we recognise besides FF. 
Bing and Dry den, already mentioned, FF. Barker, Burges, Donain (? also 
Doning), Grimes, Lovett, Martin, Moullins, Myne (Meen or Mine), Penning- 
ton, Peter, Williams, Worthington, and Brothers Dye and Vincent. A 
good many details concerning them may be found in Palmer, Obituary 
Notices of tJic Friars Preachers in England. There are also other points 
of interest in regard to the order, e.g. their great traveller, Father Felle 
(gth June), and many movements of Fathers to the English mission and 
to the various cloisters. 

Marwood s little charge was now growing rapidly. Though only eleven 
years old, he was 4 feet 5 inches on June the I3th ; on ist September 
he was "4 feet " ; and on 8th November 4 feet 8^ inches. I am not 
clear as to Marwood s standards, and gather that he was using a measure 
rather shorter than ours. But however this may be, the boy was tall, and 
all things considered, his health was good. He made his first communion 
on the 4th of August, St. Dominic s Day. A week earlier his old grand 
mother had sent him what would be considered, in those thrifty days, the 
very handsome tip of one guinea. 

Bornhem being comparatively near Antwerp and Brussels, a good many 
visitors passed through, as Lord Ailesbury and his family, and Mr. Thomas 
Eyre of Hassop, and the painter Hagenbroche. Marwood, moreover, was 
frequently paying calls at Lierre and other places, of which full descriptions 
are often given (iSth June, gth July). He was also struck by the funeral of 
Count Colonna (25th June, I3th July), and the subsequent reception of the 
founder s next heir (3151 August, 3rd September). He was also amused by 
a variety of quaint objects, a decoy (7th June), a fortress (ist July), a 
unicorn s (i.e. narwhal s) horn, and rich armour (8th July), bad malt (ISth 
July), weights and measures (7th August), c., &c., &c. 

At last orders came from Sir Henry (3Oth October) that they should set 
out on their journey to France, and after all preparations for travelling 
were finished, and farewells said, they left Bornhem on the iith of 

Tliursd. 27 May. Mons. Mine went to Brussels, so we went about 
ye house, & saw ye Village. 

Frid. 28. All Day within. Father Mine,* the Preceptor, at Brussels. 
This day 3 Cittizens were condemned to dye. I writ to S H., & ye 
R. [? Reverend Mother] at Lyre, & Nurse, & M r Drury. 

Sat. 29. Father Mine came home. And Lord Stafford f was to 
be at Brussels from England. 

Sund. 30. Whit Sunday. We went to Visit ye Countess of Born- 
hem | ; her Castle Antient & large. The Count was Sick of the Gout, 

# Fr. Minne, a Walloon Dominican, was Provisor of Bornhem ; he resigned his 
office in 1700 (Van Doninck, p. 272, and 84 below). 

t Henry Stafford Howard was son of the martyred William Viscount Stafford, 
but took part against King James, and was created Earl of Stafford in October 1688. 
See also J. Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics, p. 130. 

% John Frans Coloma, born at Brussels on August 22, 1630, married Maria 
Theresia d Ognies (1654) ; he was created a count of Bornhem on May 2, 1658. 
His wife died at Malincs on December 7, 1712 (Van Doninck, p. 37"). 



his ist Son the Viscount not Well, his second son called a Baron, his 
3d son a Chevalier. 

Mond. 31 May. The Baron Lutre Visited ye Ex Provincial &: Us. 

Tuesd. June i. We went to Visit Baron Lutre with M r Mine & 
Cap* Bing, where the Esq r Shot first downe ye Bird. An Exercise 
usuall in these parts.* 

Wed. 2. At home all day. I writ to R. at Lyre. 

Thurs. 3. I was at Hinghem. Saw ye Count s house, a pretty 
building, Fine garden & Excellent Moats & Ponds. 

Frid. 4. I went to Anverse to buy things, returned at Night. 

Sat. 5. I writ to F r Hunter, Tobin & R. M., at Lyre. 

Sund. 6. S/. Trinity. Was the Kyre Messe at Antwerpe. A wet 
day, so I went not. In the evening Cap* Bing & M r Dreyd: went for 
Brussels to Celebrate M rs Constancia Mildmay s Jubile.f 

Mond. 7. I walkt to ye Count of Barhem s Decoy. J I writ to S r 
H. B. & inclosed in one to Nurse & sent it to M r Doning to send to 

Tuesd. 8. The Esq r & I were at Temsche, pretty Towne on ye 
Skeld \ an hour from Bornhem where the Duke de Bornonville has a 
pretty Old Chateau. In the Moat of wh. I saw Excellent Carps, and 
v^ry tame. 

Wed. 9. I rec d Letters fro Nurse, M r Pordagc M rs Southwell. 
D r Fellyx arriv 1 here fro Mosco. 

Thursd. 10. Corp X" - We assisted at ye Process" w th the Countess 
& the Chevalier her Son. 

Frid. ii. I writ to M rs Southwel and M r Somersett. This day ye 
Esq r Bled at ye Nose 2 times. 

Sat. 12. D r Felle, the g* 1 Traveller, came from Mosco went hence 
to S l Amand. I writ to M 1 Pordage & F r Donain. 

Sond. 13. I measured ye height of ye Esq r : found him 4 feet 
5 inches high without his Shoes. || 

Mond. 14. I writ to M r Drury, M rs Martha Eyres & M r Tobin 
gave them all to M r Dreyd. who \v th Cap* Bing designed to Morrow 
for Lyre, after choosing M r Parker Pr[ior].5I 

Tues. 15. M r Dreyd. & Capt. Bing went to Lyre. I rec d my Coat 
fro M r Tobine w th Letters fro M Southwell. 

* I gather from the tone of this comment that Marwood thought the "exercise" 
unsportsmanlike. The shooting was perhaps with a cross-bow, f 

t Catherine Mildmay, the sister of Father George Mildmay, O.S.D., was pro 
fessed at Vilvorde, I4th July 1665, and had afterwards gone to the Spellekens 
(Palmer, pp. 134, 145)- Constantia was presumably a younger sister. 

J The famous duck-houses of Bornhem are said to have been imported from 
England by the English Dominicans (Best, Ch&tellenie de Bornhem, pp. 14 and 43 ; 
quoted by Van Doninck, p. 249). The Bornhem aviary is recorded in a document 
of 1318 ; cf. Van Doninck, p. 249. 

William Felle (1633-1710), a Dominican, born at Dieppe, Doctor of Theology, 
&c., who travelled over all Europe, and made excursions into Asia and Africa. 

|| Here, and elsewhere, when the height of the Esquire is noted, the entry is 
underlined with a cross. 

^1 This seems to be "Gilbert Parker, S.T.M. He had just completed his trien- 
nium of priorship at Bornhem, and was preparing to sail for the English mission, 
when he was unfortunately drowned in the port of Ostend, on the 8th of December 
1707 " (Oliver, p. 465). 


Wed. 1 6 June. I writ to M 1 8 Southwell againe in answer to the 
Letter about M r Tymp. Mennill. 

Thurs. 17. Rect r Williams came hither to let it be known M r 
Parker could not come fro Louvaine. Ye Esq r & I were at Ingham 
[Hingene] (on Tuesday last) & Saw ye Fine Gardens there. 

Frid. 1 8. R. Williams M r Myne & I went to S* Nicholas * a Fine 
Village in ye Pais de Wase about 2 houres from Bornh. & din d at M r 
Vander Sarres, the Eschevin of ye whole Pais. Tis a Neat Large 
Village, a Noble Market Place. The Franciscans have built there a 
Noble Convent. M r Sub P r Dreyden came from Lyre & left Capt. 
Bing at Antwerpe, \v th the New Bishop. I re cd Letters fro Rev d 
Mother, M 1 8 Frances, M r Sulyarde. 

Sat. 19. Cap* Bing Returned. 

Sitnd. 20. A Wett night. And we Stir d not out. 

Mond. 21. I went w th F r Rect r Williams to Aqua Fleet,f an hour 
fro Bornhem, towards Willebroke, by whom I writ to M r Sulyard. 
And I gave B r Hyacinth a letter to M r Drewry & M rs Fettiplace. 

Tuesd. 22. I writ to M rs Southwell & Afternoone went to Fish at 
a Pool over ag* Mary Kirk,J a League fro Bornhem. 

Wed. 23. Was a Wette Day. 

Thursd. 24. S John Bap*. The Count of Borhem Don Colonna 
dyed at his Castle there ab* 6 in ye Morne. I had a Letter from 
S r Henry (dated June 2 lld ), from Nurse; & ye Esq r had one from 
Nurse I had also One fro M rs Southwel (& one from Cap 1 Bode) 
and in it enclosed one fro S r H. to her. ... I that day writ to 
S r H. M r Edw d , cS: enclosed them to B r Donin ; and there the 
Esq r writ to his Fath r . I writ also to M rs Southwel. 

Frid. 25. A Wet Day. I Writ to M rs Masterson. The Count of 
Bornhem was buried at 9 at Night privately in his Vault in ye Parish 
Church Carried in his Coach, attended by Torches, till ye Religious 
rec d the body at ye Towne s End. 

Sat. 26. I was at home. 

Sond. 27. At home. 

Mond. 28. I went in the Afternoone to Mary Kirke an hour fro 
hence & So over the Scheld to fish, w th M r Dreyd: & M r Tho. 

Tuesd. 29. At home. 

Wed. 30. At home. 

Thursd. July i. Afternoon I went w th M r Meen to See ye Fort 
S k Margarete a little Strong hold almost over ag l Rupermond [Rup- 
pelmonde], commanding the Scheld both as it goes to Ghant Sc as it 
turns to Willebrook. It is but a Quadrangular Fortification ab e 14 
Guns, double Ditch. Ye Governour was abroad, his Lady treated us 
w th gt Civillity. 

* St. Nicolas, W. of Antwerp, was then only a village ; it is now the chief town 
of the Pays de VVaes (NE. of Flanders). 

t Eycke, or Eycken Fliet, a small village near Ruysbroeck, E. of Bornhem, 
Willebroeck, see below. 

J Mariakerke, on the Scheld, S. of Bornhem. 

St. Margareta, NE. of Hingene, at the meeting of the Ruppel and the Scheld ; 
the river "turning to Willebroeck" is not the Scheld, but the Ruppel running from 


Frid. 2 July. Was very Wet. I was alone all Day. 

Sat. 3. I had a Letter from Lyre (M VB Eyre) And at Night one fro 
Lyre dated the same day fro Ma d Southwell pressing Us to Visit her. 

Sund. 4. In ye Morn, M r Tho 8 Hunter * having finish 1 his Probat. 
Made his Prof, to ye Vic. Dreyd. 

Mond. 5. 1 & ye Esq r went to Lyre arrived at Night found 
everybody well. M r Tobin went with us. 

Tuesd. 6. Spent there. 

Wed. 7. The Esq r went with M r Somerset! to see ye Govemour & 
his Lady. 

Thnrs. 8. We returned to Antw. dined at ye Petit Paris & 
after dinner Visited M r de Hondt at ye But (ffish) in ye Hogh 
Straet. And then w th M r Drury visited M r Skokard where I saw a 
Unicornes horn ab k 7 foot long & ye Rich Furniture of the Prime 
Vizir (taken at ye Siege of Vienna) for his intended entry into Vienna 
on Horseback, All beset \v th Rubys and Pearls on Silver gilt w th Gold. 
We hired a boat (M r Menhil [in the margin, Manel] being w th us) & 
arrived at Bur: ab fc 10 at Night. 

Frid. 9. The Esq r very well after his journey. 

Sat. 10. M r Prov. Grime, f F r Williams, M r Barker arrived here. 
I writ to M rs Southwell & M r Drury. 

Sond. 11. A Very Hot Day, we stirred not Out. I rcc a a Letter 
fro S r Henry. 

Mond. 12. I writ to S r Henry & enclosed to M 1 Ed\v d . It was a 
great Thunder & lightning, w th Rayne this afternoone ; ab* 3 a Clock. 
Mons v Edwards Pry r of ye Dominicans] of Brussels, Sup* w th us. Ye 
Thunder burn* a Steeple a League off. 

Tuesd. 13. Was a Solemne Obsequie for Count Colonna of Born- 
hem (according to Custome) 19 dayes after his Death, but it is not 
usuall till nere 6 Weeks after death. 

Wed. 14. I was at Hogh Rue,J w th the Provinciale, F r Williams, 
F r Parker in their way to Bruxells. I had a Letter fro S r H. by ye 
way of Lyre & one fro M rs Southwell. 

Thursd. 15. I was at S* 1 Amands a Village an hour distant, where 
was Malt bought as they use to Sell, by the hundred weight at 4 Florins 
4 Stivers per Cent. The Malt was new made, Never Screened & 
half clryed : Such Stuff would be punisht in England. The hundred 
Weight of Malt makes not above 3 bush 8 of English, but rather not 
so much. 

* Oliver (p. 462) says of this Dominican father, who was born in Lancashire : 
" After twelve years of missionary labour, God was pleased to call up this good and 
faithful servant to receive his retribution. His death occurred in London, 10 June 
1723" (Palmer, Obituaries, No. 59). 

f Ambrose Thomas Grimes studied in France, a distinguished preacher in the 
court of Queen Catherine of Braganza. Provincial in 1699 and 1704. Died at 
Lou vain, 8th February 1719, aged seventy-four, of priesthood fifty. He is said to have 
been a Baronet (Eques Aura/us] of "Montis Rosa rum " in Scotland (PMontrose), 
an obscure statement, which however suggests that his true name was Graham. 
Oliver, p. 457 ; Palmer, 217 ; Kirk, p. 108 ; Van Doninck, p. 272. 

Fr. Williams may well be Dominic William?, the future Bishop of Tiberiopolis, 
and Vicar Apostolic of the Northern District, who died 1740, and is buried at 
Ilazlewood. Palmer, No. 76. 

: ; Hoog-traete, a village between Ruysbroeck and the Willebroeck canal. 


Frid. fuly 16. I was at home. A very Wet day; I writ to M ra 

Sat. 17. I was at Tempsche in the Morn. 

Sond. 1 8. It was wete. 

Mond. 19. I was at S l Amands & Dined at Alary kirk w th the 
Pastor Tegers, and sub Pastor of S 4 Amand, where neatly treated with 
Plenty of good Wine ... & there came in a Pastor exceeding like 
M r Addy. 

Thurs. 20. I was at Antwerpe (w th Syndike Pennington *). I 
received there from Father Hunter 2 lb of Tabacco, w h I sent to M r 
Drury,f & 2 p r of Stockings for the Esq r . 

Wed. 21. Was a Stormy Morn w th Thunder & Lightning. 

Thurs. 22. I walkt in the Morn to Mary Kirke in ye Afternoon 
I writ to M Southwell, M r Drury & M r Axton. Mr. Nelson somewhat 

Frid. 23. Nothing of business. 

Sat. 24. The Eve of S 6 James, but not fasted here. I had a letter 
fro M rs Southwell w th a piece of M r Edwards to her, wherein M r 
Nelson has a Guinea from his Grand Mother. We went at Inghem 
[Hingene] with ye Gent. 

Sond. 25. I received a basket of Fruit fro Lyre. 

Alond. 26. I writ to S r H. in answer to his wh. I rec l1 ye 14 th 
& I writ to M 18 Southwell (M rs Eyres by ye Esq 1 ). Afternoone I went 
to Mary Kirke to P. Zeger. 

Tues 27 i 

IV // 8 W ette & Turbulent Days. Nothing abroad. On 

wea. 2. - Wed _ Mr Axton and MI . here but d not< 

Thurs. 29. ) 

Fri. 30. Prior Dreyd:, with the Syndike went to Anvers, whither 
I refused to go because it raynd. It was a very tempestuous day, 
they returned at night. 

Sat. 31. Wet, and unfit to Styr, bad Harvest Weather, much corne 
being downe. 

Sond. August i. Was Very Wet in ye Morne. 

Mond. 2. Was the Solemne Service in ye Parish Church for Mons. 
Colonna Count of Burhem, according to the Custome for person of 
Quality, where was a handsome herse, upon a Throne 2 Steps high 
before the High Altar, set thick with g fc Flamboes 10 each side & 
6 at Head & Feet, his Armes of each side each Candle, before ye 
High Altar & long Skeleton in Scuchion, & ye 6 Candles on ye 
Altar w t] his Escuchions, and a Solemne High Mass w th Musick at 
w u ye Esq r , Manel & I assisted. 

Tuesd. 3. A Wet Day, so that some, expected from Louvaine, 
came not. 

Wed. 4. S DominicKs Day celebrated with Good Order a Sermon 
& Musique. And this day the Esq r first rec (1 the B. S. ^ 

Thursd. 5. The Countess of Bornhem s 6 Weeks were out, that by 

* We shall below (September 17) meet Father Allan Pennington, O.P., who 
came from Lancashire, and the inference suggests itself that this Pennington was his 
relation; but if so, why is he called Syndic? Is it that he was an exile who had 
been a magistrate when in England, or had he risen to honour even in a foreign 

t Are we to infer from thb that Marwood did nut smoke ? 


Custome is kept close in Mourning & this day I heard of ye Count 
S c Pierre was dead, \v h hastened Baron Lutre to Brussels. I walk 1 to 
Inghem : writ this day to ye 2 Ladys at Dunkirque. 

Frid. 6 Aug. F. Dreyd: came from S* 1 Nicholas & brought news 
that Mon sr de Saar was Sick. 

Sat. 7. I rec d a Letter from S r H. & fro M rs Southwell & 2 fro 
M r Drury w th an enclosed for C. Bing. Upon weighing an English 
pound weight against a Flemish pound at Lyre I find ye Flemish 
pound bigger than ye English by I writ to M Southwell this day 
by F. Inglebin. 

Sond. 8. I walkt towards Tempsche with Dom Dolphin of Ipres. 
Countess of Burhem first at M: after ye Count s Death. 

Mond. 9. I writ to M 1 Drury. S* Laurence Eve, Fasted. 
Tues. 10. S* Laurence. M r Burges & M r Worthington * P. L. 
of Louvaine came hither and brought one Some Wafers from M r 
Parker. I writ yesterday to S r H., sent it next day. 

Wed. n. E. Aylsb. his Lady, her Mother & his daughter L. E.f 
[Lady Elizabeth] here at dinner fro Anvers, & went ye night to 

Thurs. 12. I walkt to Tempsche to a Doc tr with B r Tho 8 Hunter. 
Frid. 13. I was at home till Even. I Visited M. de Lutre s brother 
Mo 118 de Valegas, a pretty obligeing Gent. 

Sat. 14. I writ to M Southwell, Nurse & M r Martin & sent 
them on Sunday following. 

Sund. 15. I walk 1 to Aqua fleet w th F. Bing, Dreyd: & Worthington, 
in ye 2 former s way to Brussels, whither they went, to ye Cloathing of 
La. Leshford s % younger daughter. 

Mond. 1 6. Fath. Worthington & M r Burgess went for Antwerpe, 
I saw them to ye Boate. 

Tuesd. 17. I re cd a Letter from M 1 " 8 Southwell w th an enclosed 
from M r Edw d . And one from M r Charles by M r Hondle. M r 
Mannel for 5 days had been out of order in his head and Stomach. I 
gave him this Night some Orinetan &c. And he was finely in ye Morn. 
Wed. 1 8. M r Manel better. I gave him more Orinetan at Night. 
Thurs. 19. I walkt in ye Morn to Hinghen. Afterwards I heard 
from M r de Lutre s brother that ye Duke of Gloucester was dead. 
M r Manel was Well againe. 

* Father Thomas Worthington, a distinguished theologian and missionary, 
several times Provincial. Died at Middleton Lodge 1754, aged 85. Oliver, 469 ; 
1 aimer, 218. 

f The Earl of Ailesbury (see above, p. 50) married in April 1700, as his second 
wife, Charlotte Argentau, Countess of Sannu, in the Duchy of Brabant, and they were 
now" enjoying a somewhat belated marriage tour (Memoirs of 7 homas, harl of 
Ailesbury (Roxburgh Club), 1890, pp. 490-494), and afterwards had one daughter, 
Charlotte Mary, married to Prince Home. Lady Elizabeth was a daughter by his 
first marriage (see below, 1 3th September 1701). 

t Sir Richard Lechford of Selwood, Surrey (which estate he sold 1639), had 
been knighted as early as 1623, and was living in 1649. Whether Lady " Leshford " 
was his wife, I cannot tell, and I do not trace any later holders of the title. 

William, son of Princess Anne, the second daughter of King James II., and 
Prince George of Denmark, born July 24, 1689, and immediately created Duke of 
Gloucester, died July 3O/Aug. II, 1700. It was now clear that the eventual suc 
cessor to the throne of England must be either the Electress Sophia of Hanover or 
Piince Charles. 


Frid. 20 Aug. I sent a Letter to M r * Southwell, at Noon F. Bing 
& Dreyd: returned from Brussels & w th them M r Moullins came. 

Sat. 21. I rec d a Letter fro Lyre w th a Cake and Cheesecakes. 

Sond. 22. I was at ye Castle & saw r ye Countesse & ye Baron her 

Mond. 23. I went with M r Mollines to Aqua fleet. A Wet day. 
F r Myne & F. Peter went abroad. 

Tttcsd. 24. I rec d a Letter from M r Pordage, dated Aug. 15, that 
day going to England in a yacht, w h came for M rs Plowdon, I writ to 
S r H. M rs Southwell & M r Tobin. 

IVed. 25. I was within all day. 

Thurs. 26. I walkt out to ye Breuil [Breedt Venne], a kind of 
Meer nere us, & Afternoone I gave S r H. s Letter, in M r Tobin s, to 
be carry d to M 1 " Tobin by M r8 Kirkomen [corrected from Kirkohen]. 

Frid. 27. I had 2 Letters from S r H., & One fro Nurse. 

Sat. 28. F. Peter & Myne returned home. 

Sund. 29. The Esq. with Manel & Myne went in M r Lutre s Coach 
to Inghem. 

Aug. 30. M r Manel & ye Esq r walkt in ye Even w th F. Dreyd: 
& had a Sullabibe. S* Rose s Day ye First Canonized Saint of ye West 

Aug., Tuesd. 31. Count Colonna* brought home his Lady (The 
Daughter of the Marquis de Laide) to his Castle at Bornhem in ye 
Elector s Coach, his Lady having been Made of Hon 1 to ye Dutchesse 
of Baviere. The Town s people in a body rec d him, he alight at ye 
Church & the Pastor Sung a Salue for him & gave him ye holy Water. 
I Writ to S r Henry. 

September, IVed. i. I measured the Esq r height without his shoes 
& find him just 4 feet English Measure i.e. 4 feet 8 inches. And 
that he has grown a full Inch since June 13 last. One Inch. 

Thursd. 2. I Rec d a Letter from M rs Southwell & in it One 
fro S r Henry dated Aug. 12. This day I received Ten Pounds 
English of Father Bing, for so much M rs Southwell payd to his 
Order at London; & she has ordered me to pay the said io/. to Father 

Frid. 3. This day at nere Noon came ye Counte of Burhem, 
his new Lady, & her Mother ye Countess of Laide, her 2 sons & ye 
Countess dowager his Mother, & were rec d in Pontificalibus. Had 
Holy Water given (not sprinkled) & ye Pax given by a Priest in a Stole. 
Te Deum Sung before Mass & Vent Creator after Mass. And then all 
came into ye House, as ye Founders, &c."|" 

Sat. 4. I writ to S r Henry in answer to his last, & inclosed ye 
Esq r " in it. 

Sond. 5. Nothing of moment. 

Mond. 6. I writ to Nurse in M r Charles s, & sent them by Brother 

* Frans Claudius Coloma, 2nd Count of Bornhem, born at Brussels on April io, 
1661, had been cavalry captain under the Count of Eginont. In 1700 he married 
his cousin, Maria Theresia Bctte. lie died at Bornhem on November 30, 1704; 
his wife died at Brussels on March 9, 1703 (Van Doninck, p. 377). 

t Details of a dispute with a previous Countess Coloma, as to her rights as 
foundress, in Palmer, p. 112, &c. 


Tho 8 Hunter to M r Chaumand s ; & also to M r Sulyard. And I 
accompanied him beyond Aqua fleet. I also writ to M 1 8 Southwell 
and sent it by a Brother of Gand to Malines, & he promised to send 
it forward. 

Tuesd. 7 Sept. I was at home. M 1 Albert Lovett * & br. Dye 
came from Louvaine. I had letters fro ye Ladys &c. I writ to ye 2 
Ladys to Dunkirque. 

Wed. 8. Nativ. B. Maries. 

Thurs. 9. I was at Antwerpe with M r Hunter & M r Roper (went 
on Foot with M r Exton) came home at Night by S* Bernards. f 

Frid. 10. 1 was at home all Day. 

Sat. ii. I went to Great Willibrook J to meet B r Tho s Hunter from 
Brussells, where was w th him M r Doughty, who came w th us hither for 
a week. I had a letter from M r Sulyard. 

Sond. 12. I writ to M 1 8 Southwell. And at Night one of her Towne 
brought some Cakes cS: a letter fro her which I then Answered. 1 
writ to M r Tobin. 

Mond. 13. I Writ to S r Henry. And then added (it being not 
gone) an Answer to what S r H. writ to F 1 Grimes, ab* w* was sent me 
by F. Grimes Tues. 14 Inst. 

Tues. 14. I rec d a Letter fro F r Grimes (w th an inclosed from S r 
H. dated 16 to him) w ch came from Bruges dat. Sept. 10. And we had 
ye feast of S. Cr. [Sanctae Crucis] that day. 

Wed. 15. This Morne M r Alb. Louet & M r Dye went away. I 
writ to F r Grimes & returned his inclosed & writ to M r Sulyard. 

Thurs. 1 6. This afternoon M r Dreyd: went for Brussels & then, In 
our way to Aqua Fleet, he told me of F. Minne s departure &c. The 
young Ones went to Tempsche with F. Pet 1 . 

Frid. 17. I had a letter from S r H. B. dated Aug. 25 fro Nurse 
dated Aug. 22, &: fro M r Tobin. This Day F. Robert had his Licence 
to be gone, and went from hence to Bruxelles. I took a Copie of 
it. F r Pennington entered into ye Schole. 

Sat. 18. M 1 Doughty returned to Brussels. I accompanyd him to 
Willebrooke in ye Morn (\v th F r Vincent). 

Sund. 19. I had a Letter fro M 1 Tobin of ye 16 Instant w th one 
fro M 1 8 Southwell of ye 15. M rs Oberne and diverse w th her visited 
F r Bing. 

Mond. 20. F. Dreyden returned fro Bruxels. 

Tuesd. 21. F r Myne returned fro Bruxels in ye Evening (by Order 
of F. M r Grymes). I writ to Nurse, M rs Southwell. 

Wed. 22. In the Morn there was an Flection of M r Barri (of 

>K Father Albert Lovett was tutor in the family of the second Lord Clifford at 
Ugbrooke. and was provincial in 1738 (Oliver, p. 463). Palmer, No. 79; Van 
iJoninck, p. 248. 

t St. Bernard s Abbey (Cistercian), on the right bank of the Scheld, opposite 

t (ireat Willebroeck is the village now called Willebroeck, N.W. of Malines. 

Allan Pennington, or Pinnington, son of Richard and Anne Pinnington, 
natives of Lancashire, was at the English College, Rome, in 1693, and is believed by 
Foley to have been brother of the Jesuit Father William Pinnington. lie died in 
1728. See above, July 20; Palmer, 218 ; Oliver, 405 ; Folcy, v. 594. 


Louvaine) for Pry.,* & presently F. Dreyd: went away for Bruxels. I 
writ to M r Tobin. 

Tintrs, 23 Sept. For this day & 3 dayes past constant Rayno 
almost I sent a letter to M r Tobin, M rs Southwell (S:c. 

frid. 24. The weather good. 

Sat. 25. F. Dreyden returned from Bruxels. 

Sand. 26. The Esq r lost his Coat in the Garden at Noon. I rec 1 
a Letter fro S r H. dated Sep* 2. 

Aloud. 27. I went w th ye Esq r to Antwerpe to buy him a New 
Coat; & sent him home after Dinner \v th F. Dreyd: & Pennington. I 
went to Lyre. 

Titesd. 28. I was w th M rs Southwell most of ye Day. 

Wed. 29. I was at S 1 Gomars on S fc Mich. ^ 

Thursd. 30. I went to Antw., dined w th Mr. Tobin at ye Gans 
(S: Returned home in ye Boat where was M r Turner. Found ye Esq 1 

October : F/id. i. F. Myne abroad. The Esq. not at Schole. 

Sat. 2. I walk* out w th M r Turner. I cleered all Acc t8 w th F r 

Sund. 3. B. Vincent Houdinotf made his profession to F. Dreyd: 
& after Dinner F. Dreyd: went for Brussels & T. & B. Vincent ac 
companied him to Aqua fleet. Mr. Manel ill. 

Mond. 4. I writ to S r Henry & M rs Southwell. This day was the 
Kirmesse of this Towne. 

Tuesd. 5. I went w th M r Turner into ye Towne, this day he went 
away. I was Invited to M r Vallegas to din r , but went not till after 
noon, & he kept me till Supper & had ye Esq. & M r Manel. I began 
to have a Cold. 

lied. 6. All this time fro Sonday M 1 Manuel not well w th a paine 
in his Neck & Head. At night M r Tho s Eyres J (& M r Vaughan) 
came to see M r Nelson in their way to Ghand, & brought me Letters 
fro M rs Southwell and M r Drury. 

Thurs. 7. We walk 1 out with M r Eyres in the Afternoon to ye 
Castel & to ye Sluyce Head. 

Frid. 8. M r Tho 8 Eyre went away, whom I accompanyed to Willi- 
brooke ; & met M 1 " Dreyd: there, came home by Calford || a Chappel 
of Our Ladye of S* 1 Resort & by Pues, a fine moderne built Steeple. 

Satur. 9. M r Dreyd: went to Dendermonde 51 in order to be at 
Ostend to go for England on Tuesday next w th M r Peck & M 1 8 

* "William Barry, an Irish Dominican, installed Prior, October loth, i/cu" 
(Palmer, p. 217). Oliver (p. 450) adds: "That he was a man of superior abilities, is 
manifest from [De Burgo] Hibernia Dsiiiinitana, p. 2i<\ He was sixth Prior of 
Bornheim, from 1701 to 1704. Pie obiit post annum 1706." Van Doninck, p. 272. 

f Br. John Vincent Hoddinett, lay-brother, died at Bornhem, Aug. n, 1725 
(Palmer, Obituaries, No. 63). 

% Probably Thomas Kyre of Ilassop, husband of Mary Bedingfeld, or his son 
Thomas, a priest (see J. Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics, pp. 71, 72). \Ve 
have heard something of Mrs. Eyre s box (March 23). Cf. supra, Mrs. Martha 
Eyre (May 14), and Dr. Fiancis Eyre, "a most improved gent " (below, November 2), 
and the Notes on Bedingfeld Pedigree. 

Sluice on the Scheld between Bornhem and Mariakerkc. 

j| Calfort, village E. of Puers, SE. of Bornhem. 

| Dendcrmondc (Termonde) at the mouth of the Dender, E. of Ghent. 


Cap* Bing went w th him to Gand. My Self & M r Pennington to S l 
Amands. We took a Breakfast at the Vice Pastor s, who told us of a 
Friar that had found out the Perpetuall Motion ; that he had made a 
Clock w h had gone this 5 years w th out Spring or Weight, cK: a Fountaine 
that would give Water at a Call & Stop at a Word ; & shewed us the Man 
that did this. I wrote to Placidia & M r Chivers by M r Dreyd: The 
night came F. P. Barry w th M r Parker for Brussels. 

Oct. 10. Sond. A very Wet Day. M r Manel still not well & almost 
fainted in the Church. I had also a Cold for 6 days past. 

Mond. n. I had a Basket w th Bisket & Jelly fro M ra Southwell. 
And ye Taylor came fro Antwerpe & mended ye Esq rs Coat. 1 writ to 
M rs Southwell. F. Barry went to Antwerp &c. The Weather Wet. 

Tuesd. 12. M r Manel seemed better & kept Schole. M r Vallegas 
Visited me & Stayed all ye Afternoon till Night. The weather very 

Wed. 13. F. L. Parker went to Louvain. 

Thurs. 14. A Very Wet Day. M r de Lutre came from Brussels. 

Frid. 15. I went in the Afternoon to Visit Mons. de Lutre \v th 
F. Peters, Chersop[?]. 

Sat. 1 6. I took ye Esq. & M r Manel to Walk in ye Afternoon to 
S 1 Amands. 

Sond. 17. A Terrible Wet Day. I made the bitter drink for M r 
Manel whose cold continues. F. Ex. Bing returned fro Bruges. 

Mond. 18. S Lukes Day and very Wet. M r Manel took the 
bitter drink. And seemed well with it. 

Tuesd. 19. I walkt to Hinghen, & bought some Arrowes. In the 
Towne I met the Paynter Hagenbroche who said he went next day for 
England, and askt if he could serve me. I writ to Mr. Drury. Wet 

Wed. 20. I writ to S r Henry & M r Edw d , & to M r Tobin to send 

Thursd. 21. M r Manel well againe. I sent my letters to M r 
Tobin ; the Weather good. M r Nelson broke a tooth on ye left 

Frid. 22. Good Weather. M r Nelson complained of his stomach. 
I gave him some Aq. Mirab. His Tooth Sore. We had a Letter 
fro S r H. dated Sept. 25, from M Southwell & M r Tobin. 

Sat. 23. The weather bad. Orders came abroad to pray for ye 
King of Spaine. 

Sond. 24. A Letter fro M r Tobin. At night came fro Brussels M r 
Grimes M r P. Barri & M r Rector Williams. 

Monday 25. We had a noble treat from M r P. Barri. 

Thursd. 26. M r Nelson ill in ye Morn. And at Noon fainting ; I 
made him fast till Night & then being Very hungry, gave him some 
burnt Wine & bread upon which he went to bed about 8 & Slept 
very well till 7 next Morn. 

Wed. 27. He riss ab* 8 in the Moorn. I gave him onely a little 
Jelly till Noon then 3 potch t eggs. At night a Chaudeau. He con 
tinued well this day but I did not let him go down Stairs. 

Thurs. 28. S Simon & Jude, a good day. The Esq. was abroad 
& dined & supped below. The P. & Exp. Dined w th the Count. 


Frid. 29 Oct. The P. Barri & Pennington went to Antwerp. I 
writ to M ia Southwell & M r Tobin. 

Sat. 30. I had a Messenger fro Lyre, w th the first news of our 
journey & M r Beling s * Death. 

Sund. 31. I sent back the Gardinier : a good day till towards Even. 

November : Mond. i. All S^- I walkt afoot to Antwerp ; called in 
& saw the Abbey of S* Bernards,"]" w ch had been burnt some few years 
past & not yet finisht & is a Rich Abbey. And the Abbot is properly 
the Bishop of Antwerp who has his Revenues from thence : but they 
wise[ly] came to a Composition w th the Bishop & pay him a Certaine 
rent. And have an Abbot of their house & still continue rich. Wiser 
in this than the Monks of Afflinghem,J who had the Arch Bishop of 
Malines assigned them for Abbot, who takes all their great Wealth, And 
assignes them a poor competence. I discourst M r Kenada a bt Heany. 

Tuesd. 2. All Souls. I went to Lyre. And arriv d there by din r 
D r Fran. Eyre there a most improved gent. 

Wed. 3. I was mostly with M r8 Southwell. 

Thurs. 4. I visited all her Family. 

Frid. 5. I did my Devotions in S* Teresa s Chappell &: intending 
for Antwerp y l night, mist ye Wagon. 

Sat. 6. I came to Antwerpe. Saw M r Hunter, M r Roper, F. 
Donin, M r Tobin. 

Sund. 7. I took boat &: got home by 3 Very Wet found there 
Cap* Barri, Nephew to ye Pr., who was newly marryed at Antwerpe to a 
fortune. I found 2 Letters fro S r H. for Dunk[irque]. 

Mond. 8. I sent a Messenger to Lyre w th them this day. I mea 
sured the Esq. & found him 4 feet 8 inches &: ] : so he has growne a 
-4- Inch since Sept. i last. 

Tuesd. 9. My Messenger came back fro Lyre & brought me Word 
M rs Southwell would send next day to me. 

Wed. 10. We gave ye Chevalier Valegaz our Visit of Conge. And 
that night took leave of F. B. [? Father Bing] who was sick. 

November 14 to December 28, 1700 

Leaving Bornhem, Marwood and his charge passed through Uender- 
moncl and Ghent, where for a wonder they made no stay, and reached 
Bruges. There was one member of their family (or even two) in the 
convent of the Dames Anglaises, but they belonged to the Redlingfield 
branch. Foley gives the names both of Mary and of Agnes (Records, v. 
568), and one of these had probably taken the name Austin, after their 
founder. Marwood, while systematically avoiding the name of the convent, 
mentions eight nuns, besides Mistress Austin Bedingfeld, whose families will 
probably have been allied to, or acquainted with the Bedingfelds. 

Next day they passed on to Nieuport, where there was a convent of 

* See above, No. iv. 5. Sir Richard Beling was godfather to Frances, Lady 
Belings, godmother to Elizabeth Bedingfeld. 

t The abbey had been incorporated to the bishopric of Antwerp by Pius IV. in 
J559; tne "Composition" alluded to happened in 1636. Cf. Leioy, Xotitia 
uiarchionatus sairi roinani imperil, pp. 55-67. 

% Afflighem is a famous Benedictine Abbey, SE. of the town Alost, SE. of 


English Carthusians. Marwood, of course, only mentions the names of 
Mr. Hunter and six other fathers. Father Hunter was a regular corre 
spondent, but it is hard to distinguish him in the diary from Father Thomas 
Hunter the Dominican. 

Thence to "the Lady Caryl s" at Dunkirk, and again nothing to tell 
us that this was a Benedictine monastery, under a Lady Abbess. We have 
already seen that she was closely connected with theBedingfeld family, and 
that it was on this ace >unt presumably that Frances and Margaret had been 
sent to her for their education. But Sir Henry now wanted the elder girl 
home, so on the 2ist of November preparations for the start were begun. 
On the Monday following they went off in great state, the Governor and 
Intendant of Police lending them their great "Coaches to carry them and 
their company to Mario s Vessel." But no sooner had they got under 
weigh than the wind veered round and blew so violently tiiat amid the 
many sandbanks they were in no small clanger, and had to lie straining and 
tossing at anchor all that night. Miss Margaret and the rest came ashore 
next day, resolved to make their next attempt i>iii Calais, which they 
eventually did on the 26th. Mrs. Masterson went back with her.* 

Meantime the good Lady Abbess was very ill, and an English doctor is 
sent for (November 30), who turns out to be Irish, so early had that nation 
won their way to the front of the medical profession. Her ladyship, how 
ever, took a turn for the better, and was destined to live yet many years. 

Marwood remained six weeks at Dunkirk, and comments on several 
sights. The Abbess s kitchen seems to have pleased him most (Novem 
ber 19). He also dwells on the big ships, on the pile-driving round the 
harbour (December 2), the fortifications, ice-carrying, &c. &c. 

On the 2pth orders came to go to Paris, and on the 28th they had 
reached Calais, and passed for good on to French soil. We must regret 
that our travellers have left Flanders behind them, where they met English 
Catholics at every turn. Henceforward there will not be quite so many 
of them. 

On the other hand, it will soon become clear that the journey to France, 
from an educational point of view, was a great success. We may sup 
pose that Sir Henry did not care to send his son to St. Omers or any of the 
greater schools in Flanders, lest he should be detected by the informers of 
the English Government. So the boy is nominally only staying with 
cousins and relatives, though really his education is in full swing. In 
central France, however, there will be less chance of attracting hostile 
notice, and there he may go to a great public school, though always under 
a feigned name. Indeed, it seems that he had been called Mr. Nelson for 
some time back (October 26). 

Thurs. 1 1 Nov. S f Martin s Day a fine Frosty Morn. We took a 
Wagon for Uendermond, at nere 9, and arrived there at nere One. 
Lodged at ye half Moon, Mon r Gabriels. After noon went round 
the Rempars w ch are not very Strong, but double Pallisado d. There 
the Dender runs into ye Scheld whence ye Towne is named. The 
Strength of the Towne is that they can drown for nere a Legue round. 
There was a Castle in it, but t is demolisht. T is a poor Towne, but 
one large Church, besides Cloysters of w h the Carmes is a perfect Isle. 

Frid. 12. After Pray at ye Augustines we took a Chaise for 
Ghant 5 hours distant, went away at n arrived a bt 5, And took our 
Lodging at ye Picardy nere the Grand Bouchery. 

* I fancy that Marwood suspected Captain Mario of sharp practice. There 
are several rather pointed notes about " Mario pretending to go to sea, but did not." 
Perhaps he refused to refund the fare after Miss Margaret hnd taken a different 


Saf. 13 Nov. After prayers at ye Church. We took ye Boat for 
Bruges (at 8 in ye Morne) w ch is 8 houres from Ghant, where we 
Arrived a bt 4 afternoon. A pleasant day. The Town large, but the 
Houses nor Streets nothing so graceful! as Antwerp & Ghant. We 
took our Lodging at ye Comen bloom, Mons. de Groone. 

Sond. 14. We took Coach to M rB Austin Bed[ingfeld] & there 
found M r8 Powdrell, M rs Tasb[urgh], M rs Jernegans, M 18 Stanlys 
M rs Rookw[ood], Hadleston M rs Hellard M rs Wright, P. [? Prioress] 
And dined there and then \\ent to ye little Carmes, who have 
a new and neat Chappel, & so has ye Calceat Carmes. Then went a 
Tour about ye Towne. At night a French officer told me the K. of 
Sp. was dead. 

Mond. 15. We took Coach about 7 & went to ye Newport boat, 
w ch in 7 houres goes to Newport (the boat i2 a ) & arrived ab fc 3, & was 
presently carried to ye Gouvern 1 , whom having satisfied (his name Don 
Diego d Yagur) we Lodged at ye Couroune Imperiall & then went to 
M r Hunter, who received us kindly w th M r Tyrrell & Th os Baker, M r 
Yates, M r Hills, M r Ridle, M r Nelson. 

Tuesd. 1 6. We Wayted on ye Gouvern 1 " afternoon, w th M r Hunter 
who Invited us next day to Dinner but we excused our Selves, as 
designing to leave the Towne next mom, w ch we intended. There we 
had the first certaine Ace 1 of ye K. of Spaine s death, tho the Cover" 
\vould not own it freely. 

Wed. 17. We went ab fc the Wals, saw the Strength of ye Towne, 
w cl is most in the Sluces drowning the Countrey, even to ye Market of 
Furnes. Saw all ye Appartm ts of ye Carthusians, who had ye day 
before brought us to their house. Visited Mons 1 le Franca, who was 
an officer of ye Garrison, &: extreme Civil to ye Ladys, when there. 
Saw the Fish Market w ch is a very pleasant, & easy selling of fish 
a Vencan & for ye Price, whoever buys it, the Fishmongers of ye Towne 
are there, & pay the Money, & for that are allow d ye 12 th penny of the 

Thursd. 1 8. At 8 in the morn we took a Wagon to Our selves to 
Dunkerque, arrived there ab* 1 3 w th out Stop ; went all the Way on the 
Sands. And came to the Lady Caryl, where I found M rs Caryl,* M m 
Pordage,f M Copley,t S r Edward Southcote, M r Smith, M r Sheldon, 
M r Parkhurst &c. 

* According to Max de Trer.qualeon, West Grinstcad et les Caryll, 1893, ii. 105, 
not less than fourteen ladies, sisters or nieces of the Abbess Lady Mary Caryll. 
entered various English convents about this time. But which of them is here in 
tended is difficult to determine. Later on we hear of Lady Caryll s "niece" 
(December 26). It was possibly Mary (in religion Mary Magdalen), the daughter 
of Richard Caryll and Frances Bedingfeld ; but as she was not professed till 1706, I 
suppose that she had not yet entered the order. The first place assigned to her here 
suggests that she was the nearest connection of the Bedingfeld family at the convent. 
See also \Yeldon, Chronological Notes, Ap. , p. 45. 

f Anne Pordage had been professed at Ghent in 1650, and Xaveria in lC6i. 
Both these are styled of Rodmersham, and came to Dunkirk (Annals of i/te 
Benedictines of Ghent, p. 198). A Frances Pordage had been professed there in 1671 
(Weldon, Ap., pp. 37, 45). 

+ Two Mistress Copleys appear in the list of professed religious of Dunkirk, 
Dames Mary and Mary Alexia. professed in 1679 and 1685 (Weldon, Ap., p. 45). 

Sir Edward Southcote s Memoirs of the Southcote family arc printed : J. Morris, 
Troubles, \. 364-410. He died in 1751, nt the great age of 93. 


Frid. 19 Nov. We were introduced to ye Lady Caryl,* who was ill, 
Saw all the house \v oh was Magnifique & Useful!, The Vaults Noble ; 
The Kitchen the Neatest Contrived 1 ever Saw ; it would roast 3 Spits 
w th a little Charcole & back Small things by 2 little Ovens above as in 
a Box by the same Fire c cc. 

Sat. 20. We spent in Visiting the Ladys. I writ to Madam 
Southwell, M r Hunter S r Henry. 

Sond. 21. Nurse & M rs Margaret prepared for going to Calais & 
accordingly I writ to M r Eyre M r Jowrno M r Charles Bed. S r Henry. 
My Pocket Pickt at Church. 

Mond. 22. Nurse & M rs Margaret had the Govern rs & the In- 
tendants Coaches to carry them & their company to Mario s Vessel, 
ab* r i a clock they entered the Ship & weighed Anchor in half an hour 
for England ; w th them went M r Sheldon, M r Parkhurst, M r Brunetti 
& his Lady &c It was very rayny all day after, but the Wind fair in 
the South, but swerved North West (just in their Teeth) before they 
got clear of the Sands ; so that they were forc d to Anchor all Night, 
not having Water to Come into the Peer. And they had much Fear 
of their Cable holding. 

Tues. 23. Ab fc 3 while they lay at Anchor the Wind riss very high 
& Stormy, So that as soon as t was day not being able to Weigh their 
Anchor they slipt their Cable & left their Anchor, And got into the 
Peer. And ab* 10 a Clock, all came a Shore Safe, but tyred extreamly. 
Nurse came to our Lodging Mon sr de Guys. 

Wed. 24. M rs Marg* pretty Well and all resolved to go to Calais, 
but we could not hire a Wagon to themselves. Very Wet weather for 
divers days. 

Thurs. 25. Was a fine Frosty Morn & we Walkt & Saw the out 
works of ye Towne fro ye Newport Gate to ye Porte Royall. There is 

but one other Gate the to ye Towne to Land Ward, but divers to 

ye Key. In the Afternoon Mon sr Cosse, M r Hebbe ye Esq r & I walkt 
on ye Rampars by Leave. Went into ye Cittadel. Saw the Basine 
capable of 50 Men of War of 60 to 70 Guns. Saw ye New Arsenall 
(& the old One), well Stockt w th all Small Armes. Went on ye High 
Part of ye Citadell, where 3 Brass Guns were mounted (one of 22 foot 
Long brought from Lorraine) that would Shoot 2 Leagues to Sea. They 
were building a New Arsenall for Ships Store. I saw M r Tho 8 Tasburgh. 

Frid. 26. M r Tasburgh accompanyed us to ye Wagon w ch M rs 
Margaret took betw. 7 & 8 ith Morn, w th M r Sheldon, & M r Barkas. 
That day I writ to S r Henry by M rs Barret, Mario pretending to go to 
Sea but did not. Lady Caryl very ill. 

Sat. 27. The Wind tollerable, yet Mario Stirred not. At Night a 
Great Storme. 

Sund. 28. My Birthday. I went to M r Churchill : after to my 
Devotions at ye P. Jes. That Night was a Great Storme. And Next 
day some talk of Ships castaway: by some floating Barrels &c. 

* There appears to be a life of her at St. Scholastica s, Teignmouth, and there 
are a good many letters from her among the Caryll papers in the British Museum 
(Additional MSS. 28,226, 28,228). These materials have been used by Max de 
Trenqualeon in his chapter on the Abbess (West Grin stead et les Caryl!, 1893, 
ii. pp. 99-125). 


Mond. 29 Nov. S Andrew s Eve. Fast. I went w th M r Smith & 
M r Powel to ye End of ye Key to ye Fort Vert w ch ye Waves shook 
sufficiently & dashe over it, there may be ab* 24 Cannons, & 2 Mortars 
Stood Mounted on the other side, West stood the Fort d Esperance all 
on Piles. 

Tuesd. 30. S fc Andrews. The Esq. went to M r Creighton to his 
Devotions. Lady Caryl Visited by D r Connor from Bethune, but she 
was now quit of Feavour. 

December: IVed. i. We were at S fc Aloy s the Great Church, it 
being his Feast & a holly day in Dunkirque. Afternoon I Visited M r 
Crosby who was Sick of ye Gout. 

Thurs. 2. The Esq. & I went all along the Peer to the Fort 
Vert & it was at Low Water. And the Ouse Stunk most horribly. 
Then we saw the manner of their driving down Piles to mend the 

Frid. 3. Was Wet. I writ to M rs Southwell. 

Sat. 4. We went down in the Morn to see Galloway s Packet boat, 
who went off that day. In the Afternoon we were at ye Tennis Court. 

Sond. 5. Afternoon we went with M r Hayes to Visit the Govern 1 ", 
the Count d Aumont ; & afterwards to ye Intendant de Police & 
Justice, M r Barentine. I had a Letter fro S r H. 

Alond. 6. Was a Wet Day. 

Tuesd. 7. M r Paston came & brought me a Letter fro S r H. We 
Saw a Priest buryed w th great Solemnity. His Habit on ye Coffin w th 
2 great Selver Coronets & a g k Coronet carryed before. Desertion : A 
Soldier was burnt in the Cheeks, his nose & ears cutt off & he sent to 
ye Galleys. 

Wed. 8. The Conception of Our Lady. Solemnly kept. I writ & 
sent away to ye Post 2 Letters in answer to ye 2 last of S r Henry s. 

Thurs. 9. Good Weather & we went a Coursing w th S r E d South- 
cote, M r Hindes M r Hebbe. Afternoon we went to ye Basine & Saw 
the Cordey & ye ship cald ye More, y* ye Prince of Conti went to 
Poland in : and ye Ship new building cald ye Amphritrite. 

Frid. 10. We went with M r Paston upon the Estey [PJetee] to 
ye Fort d Esperance. And After noon Visited Mon sr L Ecosse & M r 
Crosby. I rec d a Letter fro S r H. dated Nov. 25 & one from Nurse. 

Sat. n. I was in Cap 1 Read s Ship The Charity with M r Paston &: 
I saw M r Jackson there. And they all Supped with us. 

Sond. 12. I writ to S r Henry &: to Nurse & M rs Margaret, & gave 
it to be carryed by Twyman. 

Mond. 13. As we Walkt on the Key the Esq. got a blow over his 
Eye w h Sweld it a Little. >%* * I had a Letter from M rs South. Little 
M r Southcote was taken ill. 

Thurs. 14. A Wet Day. We began to look on our book. I writ 
to M Southwell. M r Paston went away. 

Wed. 15. We were all Day at home. D r Connor went away from 
Lady Caryl s. I rec d a Letter fro S r Henry dated 2 Dec. 

Thurs. 1 6. We went to ye Rich Bank Saw ye noble Work where 
about 60 Cannons & 30 or 40 Mortars may be planted, the Wall is 

* That is, " God for the escape." See Jan. 2/01. 


about 60 feet thick & yc forme Round & Stands ab 1 a Mile into the 
Sea. We discourst there w th Mon sr Rochpin ye Engineer. M r Smith 
came back to Lady Caryl s. 

Fritl. 17 Dec. A G* Frost, we walked out toward Graveling. I writ 
to M r Drury & M r Tobin ; Saw M r Pratt. 

Sat. 1 8. It continued to Freeze so hard that ye Rivers were layd 
& they fetcht Ice for the Icehouses. This day they prest Carpenters 
to Work on the Ships in ye Basine. I Visited Cap k Harrington. I 
writ to S fc Henry. 

Sund. 19. The Frost held hard. And they carry d Ice, though it 
was Sonday. Coll Rookwood and Mons. L Eccosse came in at Night. 

Mond. 20. I rec d a Letter fro S r Henry & M rs Margaret w th 
Orders for going to Paris, & a bill of $oli. I writ to Nieuport to 
Father Hunter. 

Tuesd. 21. St. Thomas Day ye Frost broke. I wiit to M r Pordage 
& M" 5 Southwell ye Ace* of our Orders, & to M r Thos. Tasburgh. 

Wed. 22. The Thaw continued. We Visited the S r de Bart & 
went aboard the New Merchant Ship cald the Ville de Dunkirque. 

Thursd. 23. Was very Wet. We Stird not. I had 1507. of ye 
Procurator Fortiscue. 

Frid. 24. We went aboard the Milford Galley (cald now La 
Bonheur de Dunkirque) w th Cap* Read & then went into his Vessel. 
I had a Letter fro M rs Southwell. 

Sat. 25. Xmas Day. We did our Devotions at ye Dames. I 
writ to S r Henry. 

Sond. 26. We were most of ye Afternoon w th Lady Caryl, & 
afterwards treated by her Niece, & M rs Copley &: M ra Pordage. 

Mond. 27. We took our Leaves. And I got my Trunk downe to 
ye Bureau Sic. The Esq r went to visit the Sieur de Bart. 

Thurs. 28. After Prayers at S* Eloys we took the Coach, whither 
M. r Pratt attended us kindly. A Morn wet, but good after Dinner. 
We dined at Graveling. Went to ye Poor Clares & at 5 Arrived at 
Calais, Lodged at ye Vieux Amis. 





At the time of Marwood s journey, Belgium was composed of a number 
of states the duchy of Brabant, the county of Flanders, &c. without any 
very close union between themselves. These states, however, with the 
exception of the prince-bishopric of Liege, were all "personally" united 
under the sway of the King of Spain, Charles II., and governed in his 
name by Maximilian Emmanuel, Elector of Bavaria. They had been 
wasted for the last fifty years by the armies of Louis XIV. and of his allied 
foes; even the peace of Ryswyk (1697), which ended the war "of the 
Augsbourg coalition," could only be considered as a truce, and the disputed 
succession of Spain was soon to draw the armies of Marlborough on the 
battlefields of the Netherlands. 


Another connection between England and Belgium was due to the 
numerous English Catholics who had taken refuge in Catholic " Flanders." 
Chief among them were the inhabitants of the many religious houses 
founded by British refugees at the end of the sixteenth and the beginning 
of the seventeenth century. Several of these houses are mentioned in 
Marwood s diary. I propose to show the reader how to trace the journey 
of the Bedingfelds on a map of the present day, and to supply some 
information on the English religious houses which they visited. 


After crossing the Channel from Harwich (August 24, 1699) our travellers 
passed "the light at ye Goree" (Goeree, then an island off the Dutch coast, 
between the islands Schouwen and Voorn, but now amalgamated with the 
island Over-Flakkee), and the next day "entered the Bril" (Briel, then a 
fortified harbour on the N. coast of the island Voorn), which they left soon 
after, and arrived at Rotterdam "in ye skeut boat" (the Flemish word 
scJiuit means a flat-bottomed boat for inland navigation). 

In those days the arm of the Scheld that ran N. of Antwerp and met 
the Meuse was still broad enough to allow shipping ; so Marwood and his 
charge travelled by water to Dort (Dordrecht), and, having been obliged to 
stop at "Meredike" (Maerdyck, on the E. bank), "took a waggon" for 
Antwerp (duchy of Brabant). 

At Antwerp they visited several places of interest (September 7) : first, 
" St. Mary s Church," i.e. Notre-Dame, the famous cathedral, well known 
to every traveller on the Continent ; the Jesuit Church, now St. Charles 
Borromeo, situated between Notre-Dame and the Museum, near the pre 
sent S. Ignatius Commercial Institute (Courte rue Neuve) the church was 
built on the plans of P. P. Rubens, who painted for it no less than thirty- 
nine pictures ; unhappily, part of the building was burnt down in 1718, and 
the church lost most of its treasures. * 

The Carmelite Nuns had been founded in 1619 by Lady Mary Lovel with 
the assistance of Mother Anne (Worsley) of the Ascension, who was chosen 
first prioress, and continued in office till her death in December 1644. In 
1794 the nuns were compelled to leave ; they found refuge in their native 
country, and eventually settled at Lanherne, near St. Columb s, in Corn 
wall.! Their Antwerp house was situated in the street then called Hopland 
(now rue des Houblonniers, near Rubens house, between the Place de 
Meir and the Avenue des Arts) ; it was sold in 1798, and the old Carmelite 
Chapel is now used as a storehouse ; but the chief part of the convent 
belongs to the Redemptorist Fathers, who have built a new chapel in the 
Gothic style. J The convent stood at a short distance of "ye rcmpars," 
Antwerp being an important fortified town ; they have since been pulled 
down, and are now the "avenues" (du Commerce, des Arts, de 1 In- 

St. Michael Church (May 4, 1700). This old abbey, founded by the 
Norbertines or Praemonstratentians in 1124, was one of the chief abbeys of 
the Netherlands. It became "bien national" after the French invasion in 

* C/. Sanderus, Chorographia sacra Brabantiae, vol. iii. p. 13 (The Hague, 1746) ; 
Leroy, Xotitia marchiotiatus sacri romani imperil, p. 144 (Amsterdam, 1678). 

f Cf. Ilusenheth, Notices on the English Colleges and Convents established on the 
Continent after the Dissolution of the Religiotis Houses in England, by E. Petre, 
edited by F. C. Husenbeth, pp. 100 seq. ; J. J. E. Proost, Les Refugitfs anglais et 
irlandais en Belgique, a la suite de la rlforme religieuse ttablie sous Elisabeth et 
Jacques /"", in the Messager des Sciences historiques, 1865, p. 312 ; Petits Bol- 
landistes, vol. xv. pp. 424 seq. ; Oliver, Collections illustrative of the Catholic History 
of the Six Western Counties, p. 129. 

% Cf. A. Thys, Historiek der Straten . . . van Antwerpen, p. 472 (Antwerp, 1881). 



1796, and was totally destroyed by the Dutch in 1830. The name of the 
"Quai Saint-Michel," near the "Station du Pays de Waes," is the only 
trace left by the once prosperous abbey.* At the time of Marwood it was 
situated close to the citadel, built by the Duke of Alva in 1572, which 
formed the southern limit of the town, but has since been demolished. In 
fact, St. Michael was once termed "1 eglise de la citadelle." Marwood calls 
it the "Castel St. Michael s" ; this name (S. MichiePs bolwerk), however, 
was only given to a little bastion near the church. f The tombstone of Don 
Francisco Marcos de Velasco has been transferred to St. James Church, 
where it is still to be seen.J Some of the artistic treasures to which Mar- 
wood makes allusion are described by Sanderus, Chorographia . . ., vol. i. 
p. 121. Among them was the Adoration of the Magi, by P. P. Rubens, 
which is at the Antwerp Museum, No. 298. Woodcuts of the pictures 
in the refectory, by "Quilinus" (John A. Erasmus Quelin), will be found in 
P. Genard, Anvers . . ., vol. i., pp. 196 scq. 


Leaving Antwerp our travellers arrived at Lyre (now Lier, Lierre), a 
small town some three hours to the SE. of Antwerp. Here also there was 
an English Carmelite convent, which had many connections with the family 

(see above, pp. 47, 57)- 

Two days after their arrival Marwood paid a visit to the governor ot the 
town, Charles-Theodore, Baron of Winterfeld, who was lieutenant-general 
of the armies of Philip V. in the Netherlands, and was created a marquis 
on March 12, I7o6. 

His father, Charles-Frederic, Baron of Winterfeld, Knight, "Seigneur 
dc Daluun, Stresan et Poppendorf," who belonged to the Brandenburg 
nobility, came over to the Netherlands under the Archduke Leopold of 
Austria, governor. 

On the Carmelite convent at Lierre, cf. F. Foppens, Histona hptsco- 
poruni Antverpiens., p. 195, 1717 ; Sanderus, Grand Theatre sacre du 
Brabant, t. ii. p. 175 (La Haye, 1729). After having left Lierre the nuns were 
settled first at Auckland, St. Helen s, near Durham; they are now at 
Carmel House, Darlington. Cf. Husenbeth, p. 102. 

Edmund Bedingfeld, who was appointed by the Bishop of Antweip 
confessor of the convent, was buried in the beautiful church of St. Gom- 
maire, the patron of the town. Here his tombstone is still to be seen ; it 
bears the following inscription (without date) : 


Hie jacet Edmundus non falso nomine mundus, 
Christiparae et mundae virginitatis amans. 
Haereticos Anglos Romana ob sacra reliquit, 
Insigni et veteri NOBIUTATE potens. 
Ilic demum corpus sub terra exsanguc rclinquit, 
Surgat ut angelica vociferante tuba, 
Anglici ut angelicos ipsi mutentur in agros, 
Tu prece catholica lector amice juva. 

dr/nsAn eagle displayed (Bedingfeld). (Inscriptions funcraires de la Province 
d Anvers, vol. vii. p. 17.) 

# Cf. J. E. Jansen, Canon of Park, De Abdj) van St. Michiel . . . te Ant-werpcn 
(Louvain, 1904), where the chief authorities are quoted. 
t Cf. F. Genard, Anvers a travers les Ages, vol. ii. p. 85. 
t Cf. Inscription: funeraires et monumentales de la Province a Anvers, vol. ii. 

p. 287. 

^ Cf. Butkens, Trophies . . . du . . . Brabant, Supplement, vol. i. pp. 336, 435. 


Not far from the church was the well of St. Gommaire (see March 31, 
1700), to which tradition ascribes a miraculous origin. Some harvestmen 
working in a field, being tired and thirsty on account of the heat, the saint 
dug a hole in the earth with his stick, and at once a fountain sprang up. 
" Etiamnum videtur puteus quem fontem divi Gommari appellant, in pen- 
dente colli(s) prope rluvium Netham." Ada Sanctorum Octobris, vol. v. 
pp. 685 seq. 


The route to Brussels (October 19) is clearly indicated "by Duffelt" 
(Duffel, then called Duffel Vr\ heit, a small town on the Nethe inferieure, 
half way between Lierre and Malines), Malines (on the Dyle, about half 
way between Antwerp and Brussels), and "Vilbort" (Vilvorden, a small 
town N. of Brussels). Hence the goods were sent on "by water," i.e. by 
the Willebroeck Canal, passing near Vilvorden and connecting Brussels 
with the Ruppel at Boom. 

Both the "Towne House" and "Grand Marche" of Brussels are well 
known to English visitors. 

As to "ye rampars," they have been turned into modern "boulevards" 
(de Waterloo, du Regent, &c.), beyond which the town has since extended 
itself on all sides. 

The Dominican Convent was situated between the present Place de la 
Liberte and the rue du Gouvernement provisoire (see old map of the town 
in Henne and Wauters, Histoire de Bruxelles, vol. ii. p. I. For further 
details about the convent, cf. Henne and Wauters, vol. iii. p. 572 ; Sanderus, 
Grand Theatre sacre" du Brabant, vol. i. p. 287 ; De Jonghe, Belgium 
Doininicanuin, p. 414 ; Van Ghestel, Historia Archiepiscoporum Mech- 
liniensium, vol. ii. p. 47 : Oliver, Collections . . . Cornwall, pp. 154 seq.; 
Van Doninck, Hct Engclsch Klooster te Bornkeni, pp. 172 seq. (Louvain, 

The church and abbey of the English Benedictine nuns have long since 
disappeared ; they stood near St. Gudule s collegiate church, where is now 
the rue de Berlaymont (see map in Henne and Wauters, Hist, de Brux., 
vol. ii. p. i). Besides the works quoted above the following may be noticed : 
Henne et Wauters, Hist, de Brux., vol. iii. p. 216 ; Destombes, I.aperse cu- 
tion religieiisc en Angleterre, vol. ii. p. 496 ; Sanderus, Grand Theatre . . ., 
vol. i. pp. 285 seq. ; Gallia Christiana (1731), pp. 59, 306; Le Messager des 
Fiddles, vol. ii. (1885) p. 170; iii. 274, 465; iv. 130; Le Alessager des 
Sciences historiques(\%6$) t p. 308 ; Van Ghestel, Hist. Archiep. MecJilinicns.^ 
vol. ii. (1725) pp. 44 seq.; Oliver, Collections , . . Cornwall, p. 142. 

The Jesuit School (cf. Sanderus, Chorographia sacra Brabantlae, vol. iii. 
p. 32, The Hague, 1746) was near at hand ; it extended from the rue de la 
Faille to the rue de Ruysbroeck and the rue d Or, the church occupying 
the place now called Place de la Justice (the present rue Lebeau, which 
connects the Place du Grand Sablon and the rue d Or, runs on the old 
premises of the college). Cf. Henne et Wauters, Histoire de Bruxelles y 
vol. ii. p. i. 

The house of "Cap. de Bode" was situated where is now the rue d Or, 
at a very short distance of the Place du Grand Sablon. 

The Lorrainesses, who belonged to the Institute of B. Peter Fourrier, 
came to Brussels in 1638 from S. Nicolas in Lorraine under the guidance 
of Henrietta of Phalsbourg, Princess of Lorraine. Cf. Abbe Mann, Abrege 
de / "Histoire . . . de Bruxelles, vol. i. p. 177 (Bruxelles, 1785). In their 
Histoire de Bruxelles (vol. iii. p. 417, Bruxelles, 1845) Henne and Wauters 
give the following details : " Elles firent construire un cloitre, des cellules, 
une chapelle et des snlles pour les jeunes filles auxquelles elles enseignaient 
gratuitement la lecture, Pe"criture, 1 arithmetique, la musique vocale et in- 
strumentale, et la langue allemande." At the French invasion their house 


was turned into barracks ; later it was made part of the old Palais de 
Justice; it is now destroyed. 

The odd custom, which Marwood relates on January 19, is thus recorded 
by the chief historians of Brussels. It will be seen that Marwood had 
heard a different account of the origin of the " Viel de femmes." " La 
tradition rapporte que les guerriers bruxellois echappes au cimeterre des 
Sarrazins [in the first crusade] . . . reparurent subitement dans leur ville 
natale le 19 Janvier noi. Grande fut la joie de leurs femmes, qui se 
croyaient veuves ; elles leur laisserent & peine le temps d achever le repas 
de bienvenue et les porterent dans le lit conjugal. Le souvenir de cet 
heureux retour s est perpe tue . . . . Lors de 1 anniversaire de cet dvenement, 
appele la Veillee des Dames (Vrouwkens avond), celles-ci sont maitresses 
au logis et les cloches des eglises sonnent en leur honneur. Jusqu en 1781, 
le conseil de Brabant conserva 1 habitude de prendre vacance 1 apres-diner 
de ce jour" (Henne et Wauters, Histoire de Bruxellcs, vol. i. p. 30). 


For the reasons which have been pointed out above (p. 57) the Beding- 
felds went back from Brussels to Lierre, of which we have already spoken. 
Here again Marwood informs us of the places which either he or his friends 
went to visit the " Prieure de la Montagne de la Paix, dit Vrfdenburgh" 
(January 26, Butkens, Trophees . . . Suppl., vol. ii. p. 144), the Bernardine 
abbey of Notre-Dame at Nazareth, a small village near the town (Feb 
ruary 8), the Carthusian "Prieure de Ste. Catherine au Mont-Sion" 
(February 9), St. Elizabeth Hospital (in Flemish gasthuis ; see May I, 
" Ghant House"), and, of course, St. Gommare Church. There Marwood 
saw the Dean washing " 12 poor men s feet"; the well-known custom had 
been introduced in the canonry some seventy years before.* 


About the end of May, Marwood and his pupil moved off from Lierre, 
via Antwerp, to Bornhem, a small town SW. of Antwerp, along the Scheld ; 
it was then the head town of the county of Bornhem, which belonged to 
the county of Flanders. Here was the famous Dominican house of the 
Holy Cross, founded in 1658. It had been built in 1603 by Pedro Coloma, 
and in 1658 Fr. Thomas Philip (future Cardinal) Howard, first Dominican 
prior, took possession of it. Since the departure of the Dominicans in 1794 
it was left uninhabited till 1835, when it was bought by the Cistercian monks 
of St. Bernard s Abbey, who are the present owners. A college for English 
youths had been started as early as 1660, but this first attempt failed. 
Again in 1672 some students were admitted, but again they left for various 
reasons. However, the next year a hospitium was established, where 
candidates for the order might pursue their studies ; but this was not more 
successful, and after 1690 no students were received. As has been said 
above, it was only in 1703 that the College of Bornhem was opened. At 
the time of Marwood s stay Fr. William Thomas Barry was prior. | 


After a stay of about five months, orders having come to leave Bornhem 
and go to France, Marwood took his course towards Dunkerque, making a 

* " Ordinatur lautio pedum 13 pauperum et illis dare panem album trium assium 
et nummum trium stuferorum," n April 1630. Christopher Dryman s Lyra sacra 
(MS.) in the Analectes pour servir a I Histoire eccUsiasiique de la Belgique, vol. v. 
p. 17. 

f Cf. B. Van Doninck, Het voormalig Engekch Klooster te Born/tern, pp. 161, 205, 
269, 272, 274 (Louvain, 1904). In this history of Bornhem, p. ix., the reader will 
find references to the best authorities. 


detour by Bruges, for the reasons pointed out above. The party first 
arrived at Dendermonde (Termonde, see October 9), where Marwood 
notices the fortifications.* 

Then, after driving to Ghent, they took the boat, which sailed regularly 
as it still does along the canal from Ghent to Bruges. 

The English convent of Augustinian Canonesses (Dames anglaises) at 
Bruges had been founded by sisters from St. Monica, an English convent 
established at Louvain in 1609. The first prioress at Bruges was Sister 
Frances Standford, who took possession in 1629 of a house formerly belong 
ing to Lady Mary Lovel. There it is that the convent is still flourishing 
at the present day in the rue des Cannes, the only English community 
which returned to Belgium after the general removal of 1794. t 

The Carmelite house mentioned by Marwood was situated along the 
present " Potterie Rei" (Quai de la Potterie). 

Pursuing their journey, Marwood and his charge travelled first by the 
Ostend Canal, then by the Plasschendaele Canal to Nieuport in those 
days a fortified town on the seaside, WSW. of Bruges, where they visited the 
English Carthusians, This community, before settling at Nieuport in 
1626, had been successively established in various towns of the Nether 
lands, Bruges (1559), Louvain (1578), and Malines (1591) ; it was suppressed 
in 1783 by the Emperor Joseph Il.t 

Finally, after driving southwards along the " dunes " of the seaside, the 
travellers left the Netherlands and arrived at Dunkerque. This town, 
formerly belonging to Flanders, was in 1659 given to England ; it was sold 
to Louis XIV. in 1662. At Dunkerque Marwood found "ye Ladys" at the 
Benedictine Convent, of which mention was made above (p. 76). The 
Jesuit College (Nov. 29) had been opened in 1620 in a house called "het 
roode Kruys," on the Place Saint-Jacques, on the spot where the town 
college now stands. 

The difficulties which delayed the embarking for Calais gave Marwood 
an opportunity of visiting the harbour and the forts. The curious reader 
will find a map of them in Rousset, Beschryving, vol. ii. p. 341. The 
entrance to the harbour was kept by a double pier, extending as far as the 
low-water mark; the end of the east pier being protected by the "Chateau 
verd" ("Fort vert," November 29), and the end of the other pier by the 
"Chateau de Bonne Esperance" (ibid.). Risbanc (Richbank, December 
1 6) was a fort east of the pier on the sands. 

December 29, 1700, to January 24, 1701 

Marwood s narrative is here easy to follow. They passed along a well- 
known route, through Abbeville, by the "neat" castle of Pierre, Beauvais, 
the porch of which " is celebrated for its beauty," and St. Denis "ou les Roys 
ne vont jamais, mais y sont porte"s." There were several carriage accidents, 

* A map of the town and bulwarks will be found in Rousset, Beschry>ving van 
de veldslagen . . . fan Eugenius de Savoy e . . . Marlborough en . . . prins van 
Oranje, vol. ii. p. 237 (The Hague, 1729). 

f Cf. Dom Adam Hamilton, O.S.B., The Chronicle of the English Aitgicstintan 
Canonesses . . . at St. Monica s in Louvain, vol. ii. pp. 68, 79-81 ; Gallia Chris 
tiana, vol. v. p. 248 (1731); J. E. Proost, Les Kefugies . . ., p. 311 ; Sanderus, 
Flandria illustrata, vol. ii. p. 134 (1735) ; J. Gailliard, Ephemirides brngeoises, pp. 
387 seq. (Bruges, 1847) ; Husenbeth, Notices . . ., p. 54. 

% Cf. Gallia Christiana (1731), vol. v. p. 4 ; Miraeus-Foppens, Opera diplomatica 
(1734), vol. iii. pp. 176 seq. ; Sanderus, Flandria illustrata (1735), vol. iii. p. 345 ; 
Doreau, Henry VIII. et les Martyrs de la Chartreuse de Londres (Paris, 1890). 

Cf. also Husenbeth, Notices . . ,, pp. 72 seq. ; Gallia Christiana (1731), 
pp. 347 seq. 


two near Pois, another while approaching Beauvais, and a narrow escape 
from disaster after leaving that town. 

At Paris rooms had been found for them by Mr. Edward Lutton, the 
chaplain of the English Augustinian convent in the Rue des Fossds-Saint- 
Victor, and the explanation of their going there is once more to be found 
by consulting the family tree. In this convent there had been two Pastons 
nuns Frances, who died in 1650, and Agnes, who died in 1693 ; also two 
Cobbes Elizabeth Ursula, dead in 1687, and Dorothy Austin, who was still 
alive. There were also still alive Anne Austin Waldegrave and Pulcheria 
Dorothy Eyre, the Esquire s aunt, who had been superioress a few years 
earlier, but was now rapidly failing. Besides this there was a Mistress 
Elizabeth Eyre, apparently not a nun. So there were many reasons why 
the Bedingfelds should have felt themselves no strangers to this interesting 
religious family. A Mr. James Eyres also appears as a constant companion, 
and though the regular addition of an " s " to his name should make us 
cautious in identifying him with the Leicestershire house of Eyre (of Hassop 
and Eastwell), still the reasons for doubt are inconclusive, and the pro 
babilities are that he was a cousin, a son of the Esquire s aunt Mary, and 
that he was then studying medicine (6th Jan., and note). 

At "y e Grand Ursulines," they found Mrs. Catherine Caryll, and at the 
Scotch College (where he was afterwards buried) John Caryl], the head of 
the family, and Secretary of State to the fallen Stuarts, soon (i.e. after the 
death of James II.) to be proclaimed a Lord. He was the only Jacobite of 
any mark whom they visited, and they wisely kept away from St. Germains. 
Indeed, but for the casual reference to "the Prince of Wales" instead of to 
" the Pretender," and for the variations between " P. O." (i.e. Prince of 
Orange) and " K. W." (King William : see May 23, June 21, Sept. 19, 1701 ; 
March 31, 1702), Marwood s political colour would be indistinguishable. 

At the English Benedictines, i.e. at St. Edmund s in the Faubourg St. 
Jacques, they found Dom Clement Paston, a near relative (see 6th and also 
I2th January), and also saw the Abbot President of the Anglo-Benedictine 
congregation, though Marwood, more suo, only calls him plain Mr. Grigson. 

The first day in Paris was Thursday, the feast of the Epiphany. This 
having been given up to a round among the English convents and monas 
teries, Friday was devoted to the great sights of the town, the Tuilleries, 
the Louvre, the Luxembourg gardens, &c. Next day Marwood went to take 
places in the coach, but found that all had been booked a fortnight before. 
He managed, however, to get a promise of seats for the Wednesday week. 

With this additional time an additional trip to Versailles and Marly was 
arranged, and it was made in company with Dom Clement Paston and Mr. 
James Eyres. They had the opportunity of seeing Le Grand Monarquc at 
supper, also at church ; for Louis was now in his pious stage. One wonders 
what Marwood s inner mind was, when he put down the colourless note 
about Madame de la Valliere (January 9). He was more outspoken later 
about Madame Varenne (June 3, 1703) and Madame de Montespan 
(June 6, 1702). It is easy to see that Marwood thoroughly enjoyed this 
excursion to Versailles, and he notes carefully the facts and figures which 
seemed to him most worthy of being remembered (January 12-14). 

Saturday and Sunday, the I5th and i6th, were again given up chiefly to 
calls. Visits are made to Mrs. Whetenhall at the Hotel d Estrade, and on 
Lady (Madame) Throckmorton, also on Sister Cobbe. The first and third 
were cousins to the Esquire. Also upon " Mr. Sergeant," presumably the 
great but eccentric controversialist. On the igth of January the journey to 
La Fleche was continued, and on the 24th they reached their destination. 

Wed. 29 Dec. A very Wet Day. We went ab* ye Ramparts [of 
Calais] w ch are old & ruinous, but the dehors good and regular, w*" a 
Cittadel, and the Estay fine, and they are makeing a Noble Basine 


capable of the biggest Ships &: carrying the Estay farther out into 
the Sea & making a Rich-bane. We hired 2 plaices of Mr. Du Val s 
Coach, but to Abbeville certaine. 

Thurs, 30 Dec. We took Coach ab l 8 w th Mr. Glas who went but to 
Bullogne. And Mons r Joncquet Cadet Musicien du Roy dans la 
Petite Place a Versailes who went to Paris with us. By i we got to 
Marquis a poor Village, miserable entertainement, & sad Stormey Wet 
Weather. At Night we got to Bologne (7 Leagues) w ch is a pretty old 
Town fortified w Ul Walls & Towers a r antique & separate fro ye 
Basse Ville where we lay at Mon s Gaillard s at ye Angel. For our 
meat we went to ye Rotisseur where we had a Capon Larded a 
Rabbit Larded, a Pigeon & 2 Greenes for 45 Sous, all ready drest. 

Thursd. 31. We set out by 7, & by i got to Frank (ye Weather 
good) the Way good but Hilly & nothing like the sad way from 
Calais to Bologne, (where we had 8 horses but stuck sometimes). At 
5 we arrived at Montreuil w th 6 horses, there we had a Macquerey & 
Trout for Supper (ye Macquerey much like our brent geese, & allowed 
to be eaten on fasting days). Montreuil is sweetly seated on a hill 
surrounded on 3 parts w th a Marsh & well fortifyed. And has a basse 
Ville that has gates and Works before them, but not very moderne. 
There are 2 Parish Churches besides Convents (as in Bologne). We 
did our Devotions in ye G* Church. 

Janry. : Saturd. i. And then set out a bt 7 to Abbeville w h is a bt 10 
leagues. And good way & we had good weather till a bt Sun Set the 
wind riss. We dined poorly at a Village called [Frank cancelled}, & 
between that & S fc Huberts walking & leaving our Swords in the Coach, 
mine was lost (supposed shaken out). At 6 we came to Abbeville, ye 
Gate being just shut, but they were opened to us, & this was the last 
Towne they search at, from Calais to Paris. We lodged well at ye 
Catt. Tis a Town well fortified has a triple bridge, has about 13 
Parish Churches & 16 Monasterys. 

Sund. 2. We set out for Pois, ab* 8 in ye morn, & ab k 9 Leagues 
off. We were overturned about 10, between 2 Close Mountaines, w th out 
ye least Damage or Danger. We dined poorly at a Sorry Village called 
Pierre where was a Neat Castle, belonging to ye Dutchesse of Moire (as 
I remember) & between 7 & 8 we got to a Towne called Pois a poor 
village, 9 Leagues fro Abbeville, where we had poor lodging, & about 
a League from ye Towne, our Coach had like to have over turned at 
a precipice but *J< Escaped,* but we forct to alight 6c walk afoot \ a 
Mile, when it was Night & till we got off ye Hill. 

Monday 3. We left Pois at 5 & \ for Beauvais 9 Leagues (which 
is famed for good mutton, and where I saw some so fat and white there 
could not be better). By 1 1 we came to Granville, and at 6 we got to 
Beauvais, a neat Towne, the entrance of whose church is celebrated for 
beauty. Just at the entrance of the Towne the coach broke, and we 
walkt to y e Star where we were well entertained. (Beauvais Mutton, 
Abbeville bisket and Bullogne Gloues are Esteem d.) 

Tusd. 4. We left Beauvais by 7 for Beaumont about 8 leagues, 
and before 10 in the morning came to a village and dined, because 

* The sign *%* here signiGes Deo Gratias ; see December 13. 


there was none nere midway. About 5 we got on the Causey of 
Beaumont, a neat, fortified Town with a River just by the Gates. The 
causey is raysed over a kind of Marais in some places, about 12 foot 
high like a wall (on y e side) & somewhat too narrow for 2 coaches to 
pass. A cart met us, and they endeavourd quietly to pass each other. 
Our coach stopt (& 8 horses were in it), and by accident the horse next 
y e side of y e high causey fell downe, and drew his fellow, & they the 
next, on which y e Postilion was, and they the next, that 6 were down y e 
precipice. But the coach man rideing on y 6 next, nimbly cut the 
Traces, and so *%* we escaped a most imminent danger of Death. 

Wedns. 5 Jan. We left Beaumont at 7. and came to S* 1 Brices, a 
village but 4 leagues off, and at 2 came away by S* Denis an old ville, 
the church celebrated by the funerall of y e French Kings (ou les Roys 
ne vont jamais mais y sont portes) and by 5 arrived at Paris, & visited 
M r Lutton* who had provided us a Lodging in y e ffosse S* Victor 
being nere him. 

Thnrsd. 6. Jour des Roys. We were at prayers at y c Austines, 
afterwards at y l! Douain for our Goods, afterwards at y e Grand 
Ursulines with M 1 8 Caryl ; then at y 6 Benedictines to see M r Cl. P.,f 
M r Grigson, M r Hitchcok, then M r Ja. Eyres J who supped with us y fc 

* Edward Lutton was chaplain to the English Convent in the Rue des Fosses 
Saint-Victor. His father s name was Elrington or Eldrington, a well-to-do London 
distiller. Like many other priests, Edward adopted his mother s name Lutton as an 
alias. Born in 1637, he entered Douay College at the age of 14, and in due time be 
came a priest. He was a good scholar and a good preacher, whose excellent business 
qualities led to his being appointed Procurator to the Seminary of Douay, then to St. 
Gregory s, Paris, and thence to the convent chaplaincy in 1674, which he held till his 
death on the 3Oth of June 1713. His assistance to the nuns, both by advice and by 
loans and gifts of money, was very considerable, and the convent still regards 
him as one of its chief benefactors. Gillow, v. 353 ; F.-M.-T. Cedoz, Un Convent 
de Religieiises Anglaises a Paris de 1634 a 1884, Paris, 1891, pp. 64, 201-213. 

")" Dom Clement Paston, of Barningham, Norf., was professed at St. Edmunds, 
October 26, 1683. Weldon, Af., p. 21. Several Gregsons were professed at later 
dates. This seems to have been Dom Bernard, then President of the English 
Congregation. Weldon s Appendix only gives one Hitchcock, Dom William (alias 
Needham), but he was professed at Douay in 1650. B. Weldon, Chronological 
Notes, 1 88 1, Ap. p. 10. 

J The spelling of this name should be noted. It is consistently Eyres, not Eyre, 
during the stay in Paris, while Eyre is consistently given to the ladies, Mistress 
Elizabeth and Mother Pulcheria Eyre. Though Marwood, like most of his con 
temporaries, cared little (according to modern ideas) for orthography, this strong 
contrast must have its meaning, and it would seem to mean that Mr. James was not 
of the family of Eyre of Hassop, which eschewed the " s." 

Yet this is not really certain. It had been common a generation or two earlier, 
for different sons of the same father to adopt different spellings of the family name. 
Thus four sons of a Mr. Eyre in Elizabethan times might have called themselves 
respectively Eir, Eire, Eyre, and Eyres. And below we find "Aunt Ayres" 
(July 10, 1701) and Mr. James Eyre. Probably, therefore, Eyres is a personal, not a 
family spelling of the name. This being so, we should probably after all identify 
him with James, the fourth son of Thomas Eyre of Hassop and Eastwell, who 
married, as second wife, Mary Bedingfeld, the Baronet s sister. James became a 
Doctor of Medicine, and died 1769 (Nichols, Leicester, vol. iv. i. 398). As he 
would not be able to graduate as a doctor in England, we may assume that James 

was studying or practising medicine at Paris. His sister Mary married Fasten 

of Barningham, who may therefore be the " Cousin Paston " alluded to by the 
Baronet, p. 38. (See also Notes on the Bedingfeld family.) 


Frid. 7 Jan. We spent all day in visiting y e Pont neuf, the Louvre, 
Thuillery, Jardin du Luxemburgh, y e Invalides, which is capable of 
6000 beds, & the Dome stately ; y e College des 4 Nations finely 
built, and the Palais Royall, much like our Exchange and West 
minster Hall. I writ to S r Henry, M rs Southwel, M M Francis and 
M re Caryl. 

Sat. 8. I dined at home and then went to M r Lutton & took my 
account of him, and then received of him 20 Lewis d or at i2/. 155-., 
and then went to y e Rue de la Harpe, Enseigne S* Eustache to take 
places; and there was none but y e bootes, the rest being taken 15 
dayes before. So I gave him a pistole in part for 2 places certaine for 
Autels on y e 19 Instant, Wednesday, 7 night, and then took coach and 
went to S r D. Arth., who received us kindly and invited us to dinner 
next day, and promised to do the kindnesse I desired. 

Sund. 9. We were at prayers in the morning at the Carmelite 
Nuns of y e Incarnation, where Madame La Valiere,* is Religious, where 
is a most noble small chappell, up 3 degrees of stairs, and parted by 
Iron gates from y e body of y e Church. The altar very rich and 
Pictures round the Church of vast worth. The same built by Cardinal 
Berule, who is buryed there in a little chappell. And his statue to the 
Life is cut in a Marble Stone upon a Pedestall in his habit at Prayer, 
as lively as if it were a man. Card. Camus is buryed at y e foot of the 
same altar. Then we went to y e Benedictine Nuns of Val de Grace, 
built by Anne of Austria, Mother to Lewis 14, who lyes buryed in a 
chappel on y e Ghospel side of y e altar. The Dome of the church is 
exceeding noble guilt with gold in the Outside, & the Inside with 
Glorious Painting representing the Saints in glory. Then we went to 
y e E. Benedictine F., where we were handsomely treated at dinner, & 
stayd till evening and went to prayers at S* 1 Stephen s Parochiall 
Church, where by candle light, it was most edifying to see the side 
chappels & Neffe all filled with young ones chatechizing by y e 
severall Canons &c. . . . 

Mond. 10. We wayted on Mad m Tilsly,f Prioress of y e Augus- 
tinians, and then went to see y e Place des Victoires, where is a most 
noble statue of Brass can be seen, of Lewis 14, all guilt with gold, and 
at y e 4 corners 4 g k statues of brasse, like slaves in chaines. And there 
are 4 Lanthernes on 3 pillars each, y c most curiously adorned with 
sculptures of Victorys. Then at y c end of a very long street in the 
view of the Former is the Place Vendosme, now a making, in a circular 
forme of similar noble buildings in the midst of which on a marble 
Pedestall is Lewis 14 on horseback in brasse. In passing we went to 
see S* Eustache church, which is a noble Parish church. A large font 
all brasse. . . . 

* See Louise de la Valliere and the Early Life of Louis XIV., by M. Jules Lair, 
translated by Ethel Colburn Mayne, 1908. 

f Anne Tyldesley was the second of the three daughters of Sir Thomas Tyldesley, 
governor of Lichfield for King Charles, and who eventually died on the field near 
Wigan. All three daughters entered the convent, and were all still living. Mistress 
Anne was elected Superioress (not Prioress) in 1 698, and she died in office, 
December II, 1720, aged 79 years, of which nearly 63 were spent in Religion. An 
account of her government of the convent in Cedoz, pp. 177 to 217. 


Tuesd. 1 1 Jan. We visited Lady Throckmorton,* M ra Whcatenhall f 
at y Hostel d Estrade ; then went to a high Turret to view ye circle of 
Paris which does not appear so large as London by far. Then we saw 
y e g* Jesuites, a stately uniform Quadrangle (besides y e church which 
is noble, & on the Ghospel side is the heart of Lewis y e 13. in a great 
urne of silver gilt, & supported by 2 great angels of massive metall, 
part all silver & part brass gilt). The Library is stately as indeed is 
the whole fabrick & stair case. I writ to S r Henry. 

Wedn. 12. We took coach (with M r Jas. Eyres, & M r Cl: Paston) 
for Versailes. And there found out M r Joncquet (cadet) Musicien du 
Roy dans la Petite Place. And carryed us to the court, which we saw ; 
and then to the Menagery, and then to the Orangerie, which are all excel 
lent. The Figures, the Fountaines, the Walks &c. are fit for a King. 
We lay at the Hotel de Mante. That night we saw y e King of France, 
y e Dauphin, Mons. the Duke de Chartres & Duchesse de Burgogne all 
at Supper about 10 at night. 

Thursd. 13. We saw about 9. the King of France at Mass with a 
mighty consort (sic) of Vocal & Instrumentall Musique. About 12, 
the Dauphine, Mons r , Duchesse de Borgogne & Chartres in like 

% Lady Throckmorton may have been Anne Monson, the wife of the second 
baronet. Her husband died in 1 680, while she survived him many years, her will 
not being proved till 1728 (C. E. &., Baronetage, ii. 198). 

f This Mistress Whetenhall cannot be Elizabeth, sister of the second baronet, for we 
have heard him say, " My sister Whetenhall died 24 February 166- [jzV]." Whatever 
the indefinite date stands for, she must have been dead before 1669, when the words 
were written. The Oxburgh pedigree says she had no children. But Foley (vi. 802) 
believes there were several, e.g. Henry the heir (who married Lettice Tichborne in 
1691), and apparently also Dame Placida of Pontoise, Sister Teresa Benedict, Blue 
Nun at Paris, and Catherine, who lived and died, in 1717, a boarder at the same 
convent. It would have been one of these, perhaps the last, that is mentioned here. 
The family deserves further notice. 

Thomas Whetenhall, who married Elizabeth Bedingfeld as his second wife, 
belonged to a family, which had been settled at Ilextall Court, East Peckham, Kent, 
since the days of Henry VIII. (Hasted, Kent, iv. 45), having presumably descended 
from the ancient family of Wetenhall of Wetenhall, Cheshire. The Kent family were 
mostly Catholics in the beginning of the seventeenth century, for in 1613 William 
Darrell (afterwards a Jesuit), whose mother was a Whetenhall, says : " Most of my 
relatives on my mother s side are Catholics" (Foley, iii. 476). 

Thomas, says de Grammont in his Memoirs, had once thought of studying for 
the priesthood, but on the death of an elder brother had returned to carry on the 
succession of the family (Memoires, 1812, p. 320). This would seem to be true, for 
we find that Thomas Whetenhall, under the alias Stanley, entered the English 
College, Rome, in November 1645, aged 19, and left again almost immediately in 
March 1646 (Foley, vi. 365, where an erroneous note says that he afterwards died in 
Flanders). He subsequently married Catherine Talbot, second daughter of John, 
loth Earl of Shrewsbury, in 1655, but she died ten months later, July 6, 1656, at 
Padua (R. Lascelles, Voyage of Lady Catherine Whetenhall, B. M., Add. MS. 

The Memoirs of the Count de Grammont make occasional mention of Mrs. 
Whetenhall, in describing the intrigues by which that unscrupulous gallant wooed 
and eventually won the hand of " la belle Hamilton " (CEuvres du Comte [Antoinc] 
Hamilton, 1812, pp. 319, 320, 329, 330, 372, 373). It is clear that the scandal- 
loving Frenchman embellished pretty freely his narrative of the little adventures in 
which he was engaged. As far as Mrs. Whetenhall, however, is concerned, no 
scandals are recounted. She is beautiful, but devoid of all passion, while her 
husband, who is mockingly portrayed as a dry as dust bookworm, wearies her, and so 
she is not averse to going to court, in charge of Miss Hamilton, where the engage 
ment (which did not turn out a happy one) was eventually made. 


d. 1HS6. 

il. 1710. 


( ? of \\ f ickmcrc. il. 


d. 171.S. 

To face p. 9 


manner. Then we went to see the Trianon, a neat Majestique house 
of Pleasure in the Park, which is stately furnished & has fine guardens, 
& an orangerie and Mall. 

Friday 14 Jan. We went to y Ecuries which have the mine of 
Palaces. Saw the Menage & Pages ride. Then took coach at y Bureau, 
& went to Marli (about a League \ distant) where we saw a most 
Majestick Square house with a round hall cal d y e Salle du Soleil, to 
which there are 4 dores that come into it (oppositely) from all the 
Quarters Richly meublee, & has 7 fine buildings, all squares on each 
side, Ranging downe y e Garden and adorn d with Incomparable Walks 
descending, Fountaines, Rocks &c. From thence we went to the 
Watermachine which is a prodigious Work, and brings up Water from 
the River 600 foot perpendicular, to y e Top of a Water house built on 
y e hill, about 100 foot high, from whence is an aqueduct upon vast 
arches, which carryes the Water by Pipes &c. to Versailles. There are 
about 17 or 18 wheeles in the River Seine which turne by the Water 
& move so many Pumps about \ of a mile distant. The Tuyaus 
are vast cast iron, & joynd with scrues of Iron, & stopt at y c Joynings 
with cordage & mastick very firme. Thence we came home to Paris 
by y e Pecq ; arrived about 7. 

Sat. 15. We visited M r Jo. Caryl* at y c Scotch College; M r 
Whitford abroad, and M rs Eyre afterward & M rs Pulcheria Eyre 
(dead since) f & M CobbeJ &c. Then visited Mr Hitchcok, M r 
Serjeant, M r Ja. Eyres, M rs Kath. Caryl at y e Vrselines, and were 
invited to dine on Sunday at y Augustine Nuns. 

Sund. 1 6. We din d neatly with M rs Ell. Eyre at y Austin Nuns, 
and afterward visited y e R. M. Tilsly, Lady Browne. Then went to see 
Sir Dan: Arthur, who invited us next day to dinner. Went to see M r 
Ployden || at y e g* Jesuits. Sent a compliment to M 1 8 Wheatenhall &c., 

* Mr. John Caryll, afterwards known as Lord Caryll, of Lady Holt, Sussex, was 
secretary to Mary of Modena, James, and the Chevalier. He was at this time a con 
stant visitor to the Scotch College, in which he was eventually buried. It may, 
however, be that Marwood would have described him as " Mr. Caryl," without any 
addition, and if so, this John would have been one of his nephews, who was under 
the tutorship of Thomas Innes, President of the College. Max de Trenqualeon, 
West Grinstead et les Caryll (1893), ii. pp. 1-156. I am not able to identify the 
Mrs. Catherine Caryll at the Ursulines, mentioned January 15, but as we have heard, 
the family sent a large number of its daughters to convents, more than are marked as 
nuns in the family tree. 

f Mistress Pulcheria Dorothy Eyre was born at Hassop in 1631, professed in 
1647, Superioress from 1678 to 1694, and died in 1701 (Cedoz, pp. 143-155). No 
Elizabeth Eyre indeed no other Eyre appears in the list of nuns of this convent 
(ibid., pp. 459-464). So the inference is that she was a visitor or a boarder. 

J This would seem to have been Dorothea Austin Cobbe, professed 1665, died 
1732 (Cedoz, p. 461). She and Elizabeth above mentioned were the two elder 
daughters of Colonel William Cobbe, the husband of the Baronet s Aunt Elizabeth. 
Two more daughters, Anne and Mary, are also said to have taken the veil. H.Jones, 
Sandringham Past and Present, p. 88. 

This may well have been the celebrated, though sometimes erratic, controver 
sialist John Sargeant, who is said to have been living in Paris about this time. 
Gillow, v., 492. 

!| We shall find many references to Father Plowden later on, and generally 
relating to matters of finance. This enables us to identify this Father Ployden as 
Francis Plowden (alias Perot and Simeon), S.J., who was at this time residing in 
Paris, as procurator for the English Jesuits. lie belonged to the Plowdens of Plowden 
Hall. Foley, Records, vii. 603. 


and then went to a neat supper given us by M r Ja. Eyres at y c , 

where is a chamber cal d the Princes Chamber, upon y u horrid 
occasion of a man being kild there by y c Princes of y e blood &c. We 
saw this day y e Place Royall, where Lewis y e 13 is on Horseback. Tis 
a noble square, & a Piazza under Regular buildings on each side. 

Mond. 1 7 Jan. We dined with S r D. Arthur, and afterward went to 
y e Gaubelaines a work house of Tapistry, where we saw noble works, and 
the manners of making haut lice and bas lice (or a la mosaic). There 
were pieces of about 4 Ells square worth 1000 Crownes. Rare stone 
statues & Inlay work (called a raport). We were visited by M rs 
Wheatenhall, M d Throgmorton &c. 

Tuesd. 1 8. We were at y e cloathing of 2 Lay Sisters at y e Austines, 
& afterwards handsomely treated at dinner by M r Lutton (with M r Ja. 
Eyres) and then I carryed my Trunks to y e Bureau for I^a Flesche. 

Wedn. 19. We took coach for La Flesche, 52 Leagues from Paris, 
at 8 morn., accompanied by R. P. de Pre & P. Contancine,* who was 
going for China with M r de Fontenay. We dined at Palesseau, 4 
Leagues from Paris, a poor village, & supped at Bonelle 4 Leagues 

Thurs. 20. We din d at Guet de Lauret, 6 Leagues, where y e 
Dutchesse de la Ferte & her daughter y e Marquise de Mirepoix (a pro 
digious fat woman) came into our chamber to speake with P. Contancine. 
We came to Chartres that night, a neat wal d Towne, the Church cele 
brated for Beauty, 4 Leagues from Guet de Lauret, <.\: there we lay. 

Frid. 21. \Ve dined at Heliers, 6 Leagues from Chartres; a poor 
village. We sup d this night at Les Autels, 5 Leagues, & came in late, 
at 9 at night, an ordinary village. 

Saturd. 22. We din d at Pont de Veni, a low village, at that time 
much overflowed with Water ; & came in at 3 o clock, the wheel being 
mended by the way. And there we stay d till 9 night, because y e next 
stage was very bad way ; &: we stayd for y e Benefit of y e Moon, &: to 
make our horses in good heart, for we had a League in a Rapid Water 
& dreadful way beside, before we came to Conary, 4 Leagues off. 

Sonday 23. We came about 3 in the morning to Conary, when 
I put y e Esq. to bed, & lay downe onely myself. We heard P. 
Contancine s Masse in y e Paris[h] church about 7, & then took a good 
breakfast, intending only a collation at Mans, a neat Citty 5 Leagues 
off. And at night we came to Gevelaer about 4 Leagues off, but 
excellent way cV there we lay. 

Monday 24. We came ^ to La Flesche by 10 o clock in y e 
morning bad way mostly, & din d together at y e 4 Vents, where I 
took up my lodging till y e Saturday Following. 


The four years which Henry Arundel Bedingfeld spent at La Fleche 
were certainly a great educational success. It will be worth while, there- 

# Pere Cyr Contancin reached China in 1701, and became superior of the French 
Jesuit mission there. Between 1725 and 1730 he was forced by persecution to retire 
to Canton, whence he returned to France to report on the state of the mission, but 
died on his return journey in 1733. Sommervogcl, Bibliothcque de la C. de Jtsus, 
ii. 1386. 


fore, to notice from the first what we are told about the factors of that 

First there was the noble college founded and regally endowed by 
Henri IV., one of the greatest and most popular kings of France. His heart 
was buried in the college chapel, in which those great sermons were preached 
of which we frequently hear mention, and which must evidently have been 
very impressive. The college is still used by the French Government as a 
training school for officers. See Additional Note, p. 157. 

Then there were the beautiful surroundings, with great freedom for 
games and outdoor sports. Football, tennis, shooting, riding, walking, 
swimming, are all mentioned. 

The theatre was also carefully employed as a means of education ; 
tragedies, moral plays, declamation, enigmas (June 12), affiches, &c., were 
frequent : comedy was not neglected, and besides these the usual carnival 
masquerades (February 8). 

The discipline was not at all of a cast-iron character which made lapses 
physically impossible, and we shall find an unfortunate example of an 
English lad, Mr. Braithwaite, who after various "pranks," including a row 
with the watchmen, card-playing till late at night, and other boyish extrava 
gances, had to be bundled off home. 

An excellent feature was the quasi-home life of the extern pupils 
(there were also " pensionairs") under their respective "gouverneurs." No 
influence could have been better than that of Marwood s good sense and 
good heart. From all that we hear, the inference is that Mr. Farley, the 
Abbe Murphy, and the other tutors, to whom Marwood so often alludes, were 
men of the same cl.iss as himself. 

Our Esquire was eleven and three-quarters when he was put into the 
cinquteme, and had the good fortune of coming under the influence of a 
remarkable man as his " schoolmaster." This was Louis Joseph de la 
Ferte". For some reasons unknown to us, this eloquent preacher had been 
in "disgrace" (June 5, 1701), probably for being too outspoken in de 
nouncing some of the distinguished sinners of the day. But whatever his 
indiscretion or error, the mistake was a happy one, in so far as it brought 
young Henry for some eight months under the influence of a very eloquent 
man, " a most excellent orator," and this probably gave him a taste and 
skill for literature which was certainly remarkable, as the event showed. 

In three weeks from his arrival, he was "competing for a premium" 
(February 21), and at the end of the school-year he entered for the " General 
Premium" (August 17). After twelve months he was "first Imperator," 
that is, the head of his class (January 28, 1702). His future successes will 
be mentioned later. I also postpone till next year some notes on the English 
boys who were with him at La Fleche, but their names, aliases, and re 
spective "gouverneurs" should be carefully noted. Attention should also 
be directed to the various riding tours through the country which were 
undertaken by the pupils. 

Afternoon I delivered a letter of M r Lutton s to M r Farly, L d 
W[aldegrave] s * Governor, a most obliging Gent, & afterward went to 
y e Colledge to visit. 

Tuesd. 25 Jan. I was visited by M r Farget & went to Lord Walde- 

* James Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of Chewton, Somerset, was the son of 
Sir Henry Waldegrave of Staining Hall, Norfolk, and Chenton, Somerset, who had 
married Henrietta Fitzjames, illegitimate child of James II. and Arabella 
Churchill, and had been created baron in 1685-6. He followed the Stuarts to St. 
Germains, but soon died, and his son James succeeded to the title in 1689 at the age 
of four. In 1714 he married Mary, second daughter of Sir John Webb of Hatherop, 
and in 1715 he registered his estates as a Catholic (J. O. Payne, English Catholic 
Nonjurors of /7/j", pp. 64, 88, 230). But after the death of his wife in childbirth, 


grave s, who invited us to dinner & supper. We also saw M r Hcscott,* 
who introduced us to J. de la Ferte,f who received us most kindly. 

Wed. 26 Jan. P. Contancine tooke his leave of us (recommending 
me to Pere Hirvieu & de la More). We saw all y e College which is 
beautifull & stately, built by Hen. 4, whose Heart with his Queen, 
Mary de Medicis is there, & therefore called y Royall College. I 
writ this day to S r Henry, M r Lutton, M r Paston, M rs Frances. 
Dined at home. 

Thurs. 27. I dined at L d Walgrave s Lodging, with M rs Smith, 
her son,! M r Witherington. And that day walkt at y Garden of 
Mad m de Lavarine, & met M r Skelton || there. Afternoon went to 
see Pensions &c. 

Friday 28. We din d & supt there, and visited the Towne and the 
River Le Loyre, which is a fine River, and has divers Bridges over it ; 
and many Mills at y e chief Bridge. We saw the Recollects Garden. 

Sat. 29. We were at the Nuns of the Visitation, S* Francis de 
Sales Feastivall. Din d with L d Walgrave, and agreed our Pension for 
332/p. an. each. And that night late went into our lodging at Mons r 
De Roshuilles. The Esq re made his Theme this day. 

Sond. 30. We took our Degoute at y e Lion d Or, M rs Tuilleries 
daughter, & then walkt to y e Grand Cymitier of the Towne. Writ to 
M rs Southwell. 

Mond. 31. The Esq r took his place in the 5 th Forme (or Classe) 
and we took a repititor (M r Conelane) for a Crowne a month. I 
received a Letter from S r Hen. & M r Lutton. 

Feb.: Tuesd. i. Wet weather almost every day rayne for 6 
weeks together. I writ Letters to-day for the Post to morrow, & 
walkt in y e evening with my Lord, M r Faryel and Coll. Skelton. 

1719, Lord Waldegrave gave up his religion, and on the I2th of February 1722, 
having pronounced the Oath of Supremacy, he took his place in Parliament, became 
Earl, English Ambassador in France, K.G., &c., &c., and died in 1741. According 
to Dr. George Oliver, Lord Waldegrave expressed upon his deathbed, if not re 
pentance, at least remorse for his apostasy (Gibson, Lydiate Hall, pp. 277, 317-321). 
His will, naturally, says nothing of this, but betrays deep bitterness of mind at the 
conduct of his daughter, who had married an actor (J. O. Payne, Records of English 
Catholics of 1 715, p. 17). 

* Thomas Hesketh, priest of the English Province, S.J., was at La Fleche as 
tutor to certain pupils in 1701 and 1704 (Foley, vii. 357). But Marwood does not 
tell us who his pupils were, but as he is often in company with the Herberts, who 
here went by the name Grey, we may assume that they were under his charge. 

f Louis Joseph de la Ferte, S.J., a distinguished preacher, perhaps a relation of 
the Duchesse de la Ferte mentioned January 20. A sermon of his preached on 
Corpus Christi day, 1716, before the King, gave rise to a good deal of controversy, 
on which see C. de Sommervogel, Bibliothcque de la C. de Jc sus, iii. 702. 

J There is nothing to tell us whether Smith is here an assumed or a real name. 
Later on the second name, Stafford, is given (March 31). 

It is impossible, until the Christian name of this boy is found, to make sure 
which branch of the Widdrington family he belongs to. There does not, however, 
seem to be any actual obstacle to identifying him with Charles Widdringlon, 
second brother of the fourth Lord Widdrington. Charles was arrested for joining the 
rebellion of 171$, but afterwards pardoned. He is said to have died at St. Omers 
in 1756. (Information supplied by Major F. Skeet, and History of the Families of 
Skcet, Somerscales, Widdrington, &"c., by a Connection of the Same, 1906, p. 109.) 

|| Mr. Skelton seems to be the same as the Colonel Skelton below and the Bevil 
Skelton mentioned in D. N. />., Iii. 326 ii. 


Wedn. 3 Feb. I writ to S r Henry, M r Fasten, M rs Francis, M r Lutton, 
& at a sermon this afternoon, & after y fc at a Goute at y Lyon d Or. 
A great tempest. 

Thursd. 3. A wet day ; we spent most Time at home. At night 
with my Lord W. 

Frid. 4. At ye Tragedy at ye Colledge from Noon till between 
4 & 5. And it was performed well, & we were at ye best place next 
the Rector. 

Sat. 5. We were out all y afternoon with Lord Waldegrave a 

Sund. 6. Was a most noble service at 6 at Night at y e Salue ; we 
all there at y e Jesuit Colledge. 

Mond. j. We walkt in y e afternoon to S* Columba s, a village 
about a mile off, famous for a sort of Cheese called Fromage de S* 
Columbe. Then we were at y Salue, whence L. W. went out sick. 
Blanchisseux 3/. p. qr [? pour quartier (see May 9)] chaque. 

Tusd. 8. We saw the Mascaraders run at y e Goose, to pull y c head 
off hanging.* And that night we were at a comedy at y Colledge till 
nere 10 at night. 

Wedn. 9. I writ to S r Henry, M r Drury, M r Bing. 

Thursd. 10. This day y e schole began, after a week s vacation. 
We were at night with L d W. 

Frid. n. I received a Letter from M rs Margaret B. and one from 
M r Lutton with his bill. 

Sat. 12. We were at home <S:c. at night with Lord W. 

Sicnd. 13. We were at a sermon at y e Jesuits I writ to Nurse. 

Mond. 14. I had a Letter from M r Clem. Paston. I walkt with 
M rs Smith, M r Pharily, M r Browne, Coll. Skelton. 

Tusd. 15. Was a snowy day. In the afternoon visited by P. de 
la Ferte & y Esqr. s scholemaster, & after walkt with M r Browne and 
his wife &c. 

Wedn. 1 6. I writ to M r Paston, and sent him my watch for M r 
Helmes to mend ; and to M rs Margaret Bedingfeld, and to M re 

Thursd. 17. I visited P. Antoine, a Recollect, with M r Fareley & 
F. Hescot, and y Esq re played that afternoon in y c Coll. 

Friday 18. I received a Letter from M re Francis, from Dunkerque. 
It was a very wet day. Dyed M 18 Anne Bed. at Lyre cetat. 50. 
Rel. 3 i.t 

Sat. 19. I was at home all day. At night with L. W. 

Sund. 20. At sermon at y Colledge. At even with M r Fareley at 

Mond. 21. The Esq re competed for a Premium and got y 2 nd . 
In the morning he came out ill, but thank God he was well at noon, 
and I gave him nothing to dinner but some burnt wine & tost. 
Afternoon he was well & would go to Schole, because of the Premium. 
I received this day a long Letter from M r Ed. Bed. 

Tusd. 22. I was at a sermon at S k Thomas . The Esq rc continued 

* See above, p. 66. 

f Anne, Carmelite nun at Lierre. This entry must have been made after the 
receipt of the news. 


well. I writ to M r Edw 1 and S r Henry in one sheet, & dated it as 

Wed. 23 Feb. I sent a Letter to Sir H. & M r Edw. visiting my 
L d W., I found the Rector of y e Jesuits there. 

Tlnirs. 24. We walkt a League off to Mons. Birree s house where 
we were (with L d W.) civilly treated. 

Frid. 25. Wet weather. At S k Martin s. M r F. <Sc I drank a 
Goute at Night with M rs Smith. I received a Letter from S r Henry, 
dated Feb. 6. ^* & Nurse. 

Sat. 26. I writ an answer to Sir Henry dated to morrow. At 
night we were at my Lord s. 

Sund. 27. I writ to Mons. Jonquet, and the Esq re writ to his 

Mond. 28. I was at home. At Night with L. W. 

Tues. Mar. i. I was at Madame le Morinee s and Mad. de Land s, 

both fine discreet women. The i [ist] of distinction, whose sister 

buryed a son 14 dayes since, who being open d had a long worme, 
sharp at both ends, that had eat a hole quit thro the Coat of his 
Stomach, so y* y e Chyle might run out. 

Wed. 2. I writ to S r Dan Arthur, M ra Southwell a long letter, and 
M r Patrick. 

Thnrs. 3. We were all y e Morn at home, and being Midd Lent 
Thursday (a day of Conge) we walkt out & were at S l Martin s with 
L d W. & his brother.! 

Frid. 4. I received a letter from M r Paston. A wet day & night. 

Sat. 5. I writ to M r James Eyre. 

Sund. 6. The Esq re visited Mad. la Morinee &: she was not at 
home. At night at my Lord s, where M r Brown, M r Donn J &c. 

Mond. 7. I received a Letter from S r H. B. dated Feb. 13. 

8. Tuesd. Was a Conge afternoon. We were out a town with M r 
Ingram who came to visit us ; and L d Wai. &c. There was a mighty 
flood ; divers were drowned on the Road to Angers. 

9. Wed. A fine day and frosty. The water fell. I had recom 
mendations from P. Contancine who set sayl for Chinay Mar. 3. I 
writ to y e Peruquier Patrick for our things. 

Thurs. 10. A fine day; the water fell apace. We walkt out. 

Frid. ii. I No bad Bather. 

Sat. 12. j 

Sund. 13. A fine day. We were with L d Wai. at Chimino. 

Mond. 14. I received a letter from Sir H. B. M rs Southwell, M r 
Drury and Mons r Jonquet, &: br. Hunter. 

Tuesd. 15. I received y e Periwig from M r Patrick in a box, with 
Powder Balls & Oyl. The Esq re began to cough with a cold. 

* This cross probably here signified " Important." 

f lion. Henry Waldegrave, who eventually died unmarried. Payne, Eng. Calk. 
Nonjurors, p. 231. 

1 Donne or Dun appears afterwards to be an alias for Gage. There \yere two 
brothers, and Mr. Brown (" Mrs." Brown occurs once, it may be by a niere slip of the 
pen) was their tutor. Their names on the 2Oth of September are given as Thomas 
and Isaac. On the 6th of February 1702 we hear that " Dun aisne" is dead. But 
as after both Thomas and Jos. (sic) are alive on the 3rd of June and 2Oth August, 
we gather that their father or some elder brother must have been meant. 


WeJn. 16 March. I writ to S r H. B., to S r Dan. Arthur and to 

EMr. Patrick cancelletf\. It snowed this day. I received 6 L. Dors 
Louis d or] of y e Procurator & bid him dispose of y e Rest. 

Thurs. 17. We visited Mad. de la Morinee, who was not within. 
I also visited Mons r de Eire yesterday, who was abroad. 

Frid, 1 8. M r Nelson had a letter from S r H., and I had one from 
S r Dan Arthur, about 82o/. he was to pay me, & one from M r Paston. 
I was with Ctt Skelton & D r . 

Sat. 19. I writ to M r Paston and M r Patrick. This day measured 
the Esq r & find his height to be 4 foot 10 Inches f, so that since last 
Nov. 8 he is growne 2 Inches & j. This Night I gave y e Ksq r some 
Cawdle for his Cold. I returnd y e Peruque to Paris. 

Sond. 20. Palme Sonday. Y e Esq rs Cold continued, and I gave 
him some burnt wine & water with an Egge at Night. Tho he cought 
in y e night, he slept well. 

Mond. 21. I kept him at home all day, and he cought much, but 
thank God he began to spit, and said he had no paine in his Stomach. 
I consulted with Doctor Galloy who prescribed a Ptisane, Lozanges de 
Guimauves, & milk morn & night with y e yolk of an Egge. I received 
a letter from S r D. Arthur. 

Tuesd. 22. His cough abated but I kept him from schole. In the 
afternoon he went to M rs Smith s. 

Wedn. 23. I writ to S r Henry B. and S r D. Arthur. The young 
Gent, was within all day, till evening he visited my Lord W. 

Thurs. 24. The Gent, was much better and afternoon was with 
F. Hescott at his Catechisme. I was afternoon at M rs Smith s. The 
Esq r visited by Mons r de Mordoigh the son of a Conseiller de Ville, y e 
best in y e Towne. I writ to Nurs. & Bart. Chivens. 

Frid. 25. Good Friday. I was at Prayers at y e P.PJ. He received 
a Letter from His Sister Frances. 

Sat. 26. I writ to M Frances, and this evening converst with 
P. Lynch * at y e Colledge. 

Snnd. 27. Easter Day. I was at S* Thomas church, y c Parochiall 
at 8 in y e morn. Afternoon at y e Colledge. 

Monday 28. We were at Breakfast with L. W. and at night there. 
M r Farely told me my Peruke was received at Paris. 

Tues. 29. We were with M rs Smith at y Colledge where she was 
not permitted to enter into y e P. P. side. 

Wedn. 30. I gave a supper to my L. W., M rs Smith, her Son, M r 
Witherington & M r Fa. The President Dorsie gave me a visit. 

Thurs. 31. It snowed & froze all day (with hayl) so that at night 
the house was an Inch thick covered with snow. M r Smith went from 
hence to Brest, a Guard Marine by name of Stafford (sic\"\ 

Aprill: Friday i. It froze all night, and the snow continued in y e 
fields, notwithstanding the bright sunshine. D r Gallois gave y Esq r a 

s|c We are not told enough about this Father to identify him with certainty. If he 
was a member of the Irish Province S.J., he may well have been Marcus Lynch, who 
was several times rector of the Irish College at Poitiers (Ilogan, apud Foley, vii. 
pt. 2, p. 56). 

f This seems to mean that Smith entered the French Navy, as a Garde Marine, 
under the name of Stafford. 

VII. (. , 


visit, and found him well, and intended to give him a gentle purge 
when y e weather is good. This day I had a visit from the Rector 
P. Laitre.* And I received a letter from M r James Eyre. This day 
Lewis Dors fell 5*. (& Crowns i sou) from 12^. 15*. to 12^. icxr. 

Sat. 2 April. Was a snowy & very cold day as in Mid Winter. 1 
walkt out to S* Columba s & visited y e Church where is a neat Statue of 
S fc Columb in Pontificalibus. 

Sund. 3. M Smith went for Paris by y e way of Orleans. 1 writ 
to S r Henry. And about 2 afternoon L d Walgrave, M r Widnngton, 
M r Acland ah Horsey the Esq r & myself accompanied her & M r 
Skelton to Tours, which is 14 Leagues off, in order to see the Countrey. 
We came to Lud that night 4 leagues East, & lay at Notre Dame, M r 
Bellcrit s, & bespoke a Periwig of M r Fouchier there. There is a neat 
Chateau belonging to the Duke de Rochloire, who is now about 42 
years old, & has never been in it since he was 8 years old. Yet it is 
a neat, regular & strong building, well furnisht & a noble wald Park, 
& good Stables, a very deep ditch Wald without, and a brave home 
Work (just against the River which runs below it) now made a neat 
Garden with balustres round it. 

Monday 4. We past thro Chateau which is 3 leagues farther, and 
din d at Sovigne, a small village belonging to Madame de Valiere, as 
does the noble wood of Beaujour nere it, & the Chateau of the same 
name, now given to her daughter who is married to the Prince de 
Conti. And that night arrived at Tours, 10 leagues from Lude, where 
we lay at the Galaire royale. 

Tuesd. 5. We went about the Towne (M rs Smith leaving us nere 
o ith morne). Saw the noble Mall the length of the Towne, above \ a 
league long, just under the Town Walls, South next the Towne, in a 
strait line. Then we saw their Silk Manufacture, the famous Clock of 
Tours in the Cathedrall of S k Gassien. We went up the Towre of it, 
300 steps high, and saw all the beautifull situation of the Towne, and 
fine houses round about. The Scite is extream pleasant, the Towne 
strait, on the South side of the La Loyre where is an Hand, built from 
the bridge, which is longer than London bridge. And on the south of 
y e Towne, about J a league off runs the Charre, a pretty River which 
often overflows the valley. And therefore there are abundance of 
noble stone arch bridges of g* length built over it, till it fals into y e 
Loyre, a little below the West end of the Town, and makes the Terri 
tory a Peninsule. From the Tower might be seen the fine Chateau of 
Chaumont nere Blois, on the East, and the Benedictine Monastery of 
Marmotier, the finest in Europe, on y e North side of the Loyre. The 
Cathedrall is a fine old building, and the Quire venerable, the altar 
closely surrounded with brasse Work. There is about 16 Parishes in 
the Town & about as many Monastery s in & about it. We cald at 
the Jesuites & were invited to dinner by P. - - but we took horse 
about 1 1 and came about 6 at night to the Ecu d or at Chateau, where 
we lay. Tis a poor Villenie, all in ashes, burnt that day 12 month 
by an Iron Work that took fire, & there being a g l wind the fire m 2 

* Charles de Laistre, after filling many other posts of authority, became Provincial 
in 1704, Priposeol the Professed House at Paris in 1711, where he became involved 
in controversy. The titles of pamphlets are given in Sommervogel, iv. 1384. 


houres consumed 50 houses, so swiftly, that the goods were burnt, 
the Towne being mostly covered with Shingle of Oak, cut like Tyles, 
cald Bardeaus. 

Wed. 6 April. We went in the morn to see the Iron Forge which is 
very fine, all the bellows & Hammers of 900 weight turnd by Water like 
an overshot Mill. There is a Verriere not far off, but we went not to see 
it, but took horse about n, came to Lud about 4 and din d, and about 
6 took horse for La Flesche where we arrived safe about 9, y e Esq r safe 
and well. ^ 

Apr. Thurs. 7. We visited M me de la Morinee, who was again 
abroad, le President d Orsey, Mons r Eire" who was abroad but we saw 
his Lady, D r Galloy s daughter. And then we went to walk with L d W. 
& M r Browne. 

Friday 8. I received a Letter from S r Henry, M Southwell, Nurse 
and M r Paston. 

Sat. 9. I visited Mad. de Laund, & P. Daily,* Capuchin. The 
Esq r had his cough more than 5 days before. 

Sund. 10. I writ to S r Henry and so did y e Esq r in y e same sheet. 
In y e evening he was visited by Mons r S fc Laurens, M r Petar, and M r 
S k Jean Chevalier. 

Monday n. M r Simons & M r Web, M r Scroop & M r Morphef 
came to Towne. We walkt out to M d Lavarin in y e evening. M r 
Nelson began to Dance with M r de Pre. 

Tuesd. 12. I visited P. Hescot, M r Simons, M r Scroop & all after 
noon was with L d W. 

Wed. 1 3. I writ to M r Ja. Eyre to Paris. Visited by P. Clement, 

Thurs. 14. We were at Cleremont, and entertain d at y e Cure s by 
Mons r Marsan and by M r Rosesseville together with M r Farely, L d W., 
M r Webbe & M r Morphe. And y e Esq r & I sup d at M m Exempts. 

Fiid. 15. I walkt in y Even in the P. Garden with M r Farely. 

Satur. 1 6. I writ to or. Tho. Hunter at Bornhem. 

Sunday 17. I writ to M Southwell, & that evening was invited to 
supper at the Colledge by y e Principall Poirier, with M r Webb, M r 
Morfie, M r Farely & M r Paien.J The Esq r sup d with my L d W. 
Before supper we were in the Pensioner s refectory at a Defension held 
by M r Ingram against y e Principal, ag* [? Vacun]. 

Monday 18. I was with M r Browne in y e Morn at Claremont. I 
received a Letter from M r Edward Bedingfeld, and afternoon I bought 
Mad. Exempt s daughter s hayr for 2 Lewis, & then M r Farely, M r 
Browne, M r Ronseville & I went to his brother s vineyard to taste 
wine, & were there treated. In the way I saw people cutting weeds 
& Grasse in y e vineyards for y e Cattle, which dyed almost for Hungar; 

* One would expect this to be the Irish name Daly, but the matter remains 

j" Mr. Webbe was tutor to Simons, and the Abbe Morfin (all possible variants 
of spelling occur) to Scrope. Master Scrope may have been George, son and heir 
of Robert Scrope of Cockerington (Payne, 162), or Simon Scrope of Danby, who 
eventually succeeded in 1723. 

J The supper was evidently given exclusively to Gomerncnrs. Mr. Browne, 
however, was not there. 


the weather was so cold that there was no grasse. And a very sickly 
time. 3 out of one Family dyed in 8 days. 

Tucsd. 19 April. I walkt out with M r Farely & M r Browne, and 
sup t with my L d Walgrave (M r Simons, M r Scrope, M r Webb, 
M r Morphe, M r Aclande, M r Browne) & M r Nelson with me, at M rs 

^Wedn. 20. We walkt out with M r Farely and M r Browne, & 
took leave of M r Web and M r Morfy. M r Simons and M r Scroop 
came 10 at Night to take leave by y e Esq r , being in bed I saw 
them not. 

Thursd. 21. We took a breakfast in the Morn, & about 10 my L , 
M r Farely, M r Nelson & I went with Guns to Bois des Malades, a 
noble wood belonging to the Peres, about a League from La Flesche 
to y North West, where I drank as good red wine for 3 halfpence a 
Quart as ever I tasted, & Cyder at i Fenny. About y half way was a 
pretty village called Verron. 

This day the Esq r shot first a Gun off 3 or 4 times very 


Frid. 22. I received a Letter from M" Margaret Bedingfeld. 
Afternoon M r Ferely, M r Browne & I walkt to Basouche, a neat 
scituate village by the Le Loyre, and a g* many houses all of stone, 
but the most miserable ruinous one that I ever saw. Scarce a house 
that is not ready to tumble, or looks as if the people were running 
away ; not a person with a healthfull, jolly look, but clad as if they 
could not spare for cloaths out of their food. There is a neat 
outside of a Chateau by y e river, but as ruinous within as f rest of 
houses. Nothing is neat but y Priests house, which is indeed 
neat, joly & (almost) stately, the Cure worth about loool p. an. 
And there is a neat Garden, cS; we were there. Ciuilly entertained 
with Wine. Tis about 4 English miles or a League & \ from La 

Sat. 23. We were at Bois des Malades, S* George s Day where we 
bought an Excellent Pipe of Wine (2 of our hogsheads) for 23 hvres, 
laid into y e sellar (The Tax of 18 sous & carriage 4o 8 payd by y e seller) so 
y l y e Pint (our Quart) cost not above i sol. I visited P. Hestcot & y e 
Principal Poirier. 

Sunday 24. The Esq rs birthday, and he Received >f.* ... 1 
writ to M rs Marg 1 Bedingfeld, to Nurs, M Smith. At night he gave 
a Goute to L d W. 

Aprill 25. Sf Mark I conge. M r Nelson had a Letter from M r 
Smith (Stafford) from Brest, & I had one from M" Frances from Bour- 
brock. I payd M r Rousseville for i Quarter s board for us, & took his 
acquittance to y e 29 Instant. 

Tuesd. 26. I was onely in the even with M r Farely. 1 his day M* 
Henry Waldgrave went first to Classe. 

Wed. 27. I was visited by Mons r Ribote, Cadet of a of 

this Towne. I writ to M r Paston. I walkt out to y e Abbe s a League 
A off, towards Basuche. 

Thurs. 28. This day at Noon & the sun shined, it snowed & was 

* This sign presumably stands for Holy Communion. 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 101 

a terrible cold day. We walkt out with M r Napier,* M r Preston,t my 
L d W. &c. 

Frid. 29 April. A bitter cold day with som Rayn. I was to visit 
P. Clement Cap., & gave him his books he lent me. 

Sat. 30. I writ to M r Ed. Bedingfeld. M r Farely, M r Browne & I 
we were at Marine in the Evening. 

Sund. May i. S e Phill 6- /. I did my ^ J at y c P.J. and was 
with Pere Lynch at y c Filles Penitentes. Afternoon with L d W. at y e 
Lyon D or. Mons 1 de Pre sup d with us. 

Mond. 2. \Ve intended to visit Madame Lavarin, but we were 
hindered by the Raine. 

Tuesd. 3. It raynd much last night, and all the Morning & After 
noon without Intermission. Invention of y* H. Crosse ; it was a conge. 

We were visited by the Cure whose name is Mons r de S , he was a 

Councellour, and had divers Children. And when his wife dyed, he 
made himself Priest. And 4 of his sons enterd into Religion, 3 into 
Regular houses, the 4th a Secular Priest ; & of 3 daughters, i became a 
Nun, at whose profession he sang high Masse. And his Dsecon, Sub- 
diacon & Acolythewere his 3 sons, brothers to y e Nonne. The Cure is 
now stone blinde, & has been this 4 year, is 74 years old, yet seems 
not above 55 (onely for his blindnisse). 

Wed. 4. A very wet day all day. I was visited by P. Clem. Capu 
chin, but missing me at home, he went to D r Farely s & there I found 
him. M r H. W. was very ill this day of his Physick. 

Thursd. 5. Ascension Day. We were afternoon at the Peres, and 
then walkt out. At Night my L d W., his broth., M r Widrington & 
Governour past the evening with us. A very wet day. 

Frid. 6. A very wet day. We visited Madame Lavarin &; her 
Mother the Countesse de Tesse, & were at the President du Roy s. I 
had a Letter from Sir Hen. B. 

Sat. 7. A very wet & cold day. I writ to M r Hen. Eyre about his 
bond which he took from M r Bed. and about returning me 100 //. After 
noon I visited Mons r Dursy President, Mons r L avocat du Roy. 

Sond. 8. It rayn d againe. We were in y c Evening after a walk at 
y e Lyon D or. 

* This Master Napier afterwards (i8th June) appears with the second name (and 
presumably the true name) Neville, and this double name enables us to make a 
shrewd guess at his identification. It was not uncommon for Catholics to take their 
mother s name as an alias. It would probably protect them against most informers, 
but would be intelligible to friends and relatives. Now, Henry Nevill of Holt, co. 
Leicester, married Margaret Napier of Holywell, Oxon., and they had two sons. 
George, the elder of these, was afterwards a lunatic ; the second was Thomas 
(, i. 137). The boy here mentioned may have been the second son (on whom 
see Payne, p. 72), or even the elder, if he was then of sane mind. 

f This Preston appears afterwards with the second name, presumably the true 
name, Molineux (June 3, 1702). But without his Christian name it seems difficult 
to fix his identity among the many young Catholics of that family. Perhaps it was 
William, son of Richard, the fifth viscount, who died before his father, in 1706, and 
whose mother was a sister of the Lord Brudenell, whom we shall meet on the I3th of 

i 4* here stands for Holy Communion. 

Henry Eyre, presumably the son of Thomas Eyre of Hassop and Mary Beding 
feld. He was "counsellor at law," and was admitted to Gray s Inn, 6th September, 
1696 (Payne, Engl. Cath, Nonjurors, p. 34). 


Mond. 9 May. Was a wet morn. Afternoon M r Farely & I were 
treated with good Red Wine by Mons r Le hay. I payd my washwoman 
Mad m Boular. 

Tuesd. 10. Was a Cloudy Morn, but y e afternoon good. I walkt 
an hour with M r Farley & M r Browne. 

Wed. n. Was a good day till towards even it raynd. I walkt out 
in the evening. 

Thurs. 12. Conge. We were at Creant, a little Village a League 
off, where is an old Chateau belonging to the Prince of Conde, finely 
situate by the River. We were entertaind at the Cure s, brother to 
Mons r Robiniere (Exempt). The weather now first began to be hott & 
now I observed first all the walnut trees to be blasted. 

Frid. 13. I received a visit from the Advocate du Roy of this 
Towne La Flesche. I writ to S r Hen. Bed., & y e Esq r also. In y 
even I was with M r Farely at Mons r de Hay s. 

Sat. 14. The Esq r writ to his Father in my letter of yesterday 
which I send to Morrow. A good hot day ; we were at Vespers at y 
Peres & the Esq r at Conf. to P. Lynch. 

Sund. 15. Whitsonday. The Esq r Com. at y e Jes. 

Mond. 16. In the evening at a Comedy where we saw a Man 
play on the Musick in all Postures some notable agility of body. 
I received a Letter from M r Harnage. 

Tuesd. 17. I was at President Dussey s, who offered to board us for 
4oo/. [per] an. a piece. Then with L d W. we went to visit Marquis Tesse", 
& after walkt to Marine. 

Wed. 1 8. I writ to M r Harnage. 

Thursd. \ 9. We were visited by the 2 young Mes re Grey * & after 
noon we were with the L d W. a walking. 

Frid. 20. I received a Letter from S r Henry & from M rs Southwell. 

Sat. 21. M r Farely was not well, and the Marquis de Tesse design 
ing to hunt y e Stag, L d W. was design d to go with him, & therefore M r 
Farely desired me to go with my L d in his stead. But we being ready, 
the Marquis changed his minde. So we went to see Bauge a wald Towne 
4 leagues from La Flesche. It is a pretty Vill, old Walls & Gates, 
i Parish Church (S* Laurens) a neat Hospitall of S 1 Joseph for men on 
one side, and women on y e other. And out of Towne a neat Convent 
of Capuchins, in whose Garden under a Quadrant was this significant 
Motto. Vulnerant omnes, una necat. There is also an old neglected 
Castle in y e Towne. 

Sund. 22. I writ a Letter to S r Henry, principally about y c affair 
of y e President] Dur[sey]. 

Mond. 23. We had an account of K[ing] W[illiam] being des 
perately sick, and that Jamaco was almost destroyed by an Earth 
quake. M r Browne visited us & Doctor B. 

Tuesd. 24. We prepared for our Journey to Angers. 

# We afterwards hear that their names were William and Edward, and their title 
Powis (June I, 1702). They will therefore have been William Herbert, afterwards 
third Marquis and fourth Lord Powis. Edward was eventually to marry Henrietta, 
a sister of Lord Waldegrave, and their daughter Barbara was to many Henry, seventh 
Lord Herbert of Cherbury, for whom the Earldom of Powis would be renewed after 
the death of William without issue. 


Wed. 25 May. We were ready to take horse by 4 in y e Morn (with 
L d Waldgrave, M r Widdrington, M r Farely) but it rayned so we stayed 
till 5. At Basouche it rayned againe a Shour. Then we past by 
Durtail, a neat Village &: pretty Castle, a very neat Churchyard, 3 
Leagues from La Flesche. By 9 we got to Souet, 6 Leagues off, 
where we stay d & reposed an hour & |, then past by Vine, a 
neat Castle & Park belonging to the Duke of de - - and by 12 
arrived at Angers y e Capital of Anjou, a neat Citty on y e South of the 
Mayenne, which receives le Loyre about a League from y e Towne. 
Built on a hill mostly Rock of Ardois, where is an old Castle still kept 
in some repayre, the Ditch the deepest & broadest in France (as said). 
There we saw the Iron Cage (or Cachot) where y e Queen of Sicily was 
14 years kept prisoner. There are now in the Castle some Prisoners 
of State, particularly some of the Women accused of Poysoning. The 
Castle is built on a high rock of Ardois. The streets are narrow, & 
not very Comodious. There are about 8 Parish Churches, but a great 
many Convents. The Mail is neat for walking, near a Mile Long. 
There is a Presidial. The Cathedral is of S fc Maurice, a Noble Struc 
ture & high Vaulted Roof, but no Pillars in it. The Dome is of 
about 230 steps high, and there is one Bell called y e Great Guilhome, 
one of the biggest in France. Berengarius, one of the first Sacramen- 
tarians, was Arch Diacre here. And to repayre his Error was Insti 
tuted the most solemne Procession in all France upon Corpus Xti day, 
when all the Corps of y e Citty go in order with Torches from the 
Cathedrall to S* Trinity Churchyard, where the Heretick used to 
Preach, & where is erected a Stone Pulpit about 6 steps from y e 
Ground, and a Chappel by it to repose y e B. Sacrament, while a 
Sermon is there Preached. We lodged at y e Grand Lowis, a good 

Thursd. 26. W T e were at 7 at Mass at y e Dominicains, and then 
went to a house prepared to see y e Procession which began before 7 
with 12 Pageants of History in large Wax Work, but too Romantick 
for so August a Solemnity. And after them all the bodys of y e Citty, 
the Physicians, Prevosty, the Conseillers in scarlet (about 30). Then 
the Religious orders, then y e Clergy, then the Venerable under a 
Dais, on the shoulders of 2 Priests, &c. Their going from & re 
turning to y e Cathedrall lasted till 2 & \. Then nere 4 in the after 
noon began y e high Mass, which we heard in the Gallery over the 
Quire by favour, or else y e Crowd was so great y e heat would be In- 
suportable. At 5 it was finishd, & then we went up into the Dome. 
We dined with L d Melford his Lady & 2 Sons & 2 Daughters, M r 
Cannon, 2 M r Littletons, Sir Adam Blayr & his Son, but at y e Cost 
of M r Fagon, an Irish Gent, D r of y e Laws, who is marryed to a French 
Woman & lives there. A most civil, worthy Gent.* 

Frid. 27. About 10 we took horse, and went about a League off 
to y e Ardoisery, which is a work not much unlike our Coal Mines- 
There were about 200 Men at Work, about 16 horses constantly 

# John Drummond, first Earl of Melford, 1686, is said at this time to have been 
here in exile from St. Germain. His second wife was Euphemia, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Wallace of Craigie, and by her he had six sons and several daughters 
(D.X.B., xvi. 36). 


employed by turnes at 3 wheels, one to draw Water out of y e Pump, 
&: 2 to draw up the Ardois. The work was about 80 foot square, 
& 130 deep. And there they cut out Tables of y e Rock which drawn 
up they split with a Mallet & Chizel to the thinness of a Sous marque, 
& then on a block cut them square with ease. The largest squares 
about the length of our Tyles, & double their breadth, & Sell them at 
y e Pitt about 25 Livres the Thousand. Then we went to Pont de Ce 
(about i League to y e West) which is, in bridge and Island, \ a League 
in length. But there are 2 Parishes in 2 of y e Islands of good bigness. 
The bridge they say was built by Caesar, has been noble, now decayed, 
& almost all y e Arches covered with Planks. It is built over y e La 
Loyre, wh. is bounded on y e South West side by a very high rock. 
About a League farther North West at a Land called La Poynt, the 
River Le Loyre running from La Flesche, Angers &c. meets & joyns 
La Loyre, & so goes to Nantes. We returned by 4 to Angers, & then 
went to y e Fayr kept in the Town house, a Paultry kind of Bawble 
shops, but the horse & Cow Fayr was very full & Large. We invited 
M r Fagon & his Lady to Supper. And S r Ad. Blayr & his son 
visited us. 

S a turd. 28. \Ve went to Prayers at S* Maurice, &: then visited 
L d Melf. & S 1 " Ad. Bl. And then went to y e Fayr, and about 1 1 took 
horse, got by 3 to Sonnet, where we stayd above an hour. And after 
we past by Basouche, we visited Abbe Farpan at y e Abbey of Cre, wh. 
is a pretty antient Abbey of Benedictines formerly, now reduced to a 
Sine Cure, & the Abbe lives a good, merry, hospitable life, & treated 
us civilly ; & by 8 we got all well home 4 * where I found 2 Letters, 
one from M r Ja. Eyre, and one from M r Tho. Hunter from Louvaine. 

Sond. 29 May. The Esq r very well after his Journey tho he rid 
from Angers & to it, wh. is 10 leagues from hence this last week, & rid 
about 5 leagues another day to see the Countrey. We walkt out 
in ye Evening & visited M r Scroope & M r Morfe who arrived 
on Friday. 

Mond. 30. M r Morfee visited us. I went with M r Farely to see 
M r Hescot by chance ; and M r Hescot had just received a Letter from 
M r Plowden, desireing him to tell me he had 373 //. 3 s. 6 den., to pay 
to my order at sight. So I got F. Mouchet immediately to signe a 
bill upon him to save the losse that y e first of July falls on Monday [V], 
icd. per Lewis d or. 

Tttes. 31. I writ to M rs Southwell about y c money afore mentioned. 

Wedn. June i. I writ to M r Charles Bedingfeld and in the same 

I writ to Nurse Masterson. M r Cotton & his Governor M r 

came to La Flesche from Angers, & stayed but that night. 

Thnrs. 2. We visited Mons r de Lajule, the best Gent in La 

Frid. 3. We went to y e Capucins Garden. I took some Syr. 
Spin. Cerv. 

Sat. 4. Was y e anniversary of Hen. 4. where in the Jes. Church 
(founded by him) was a fine Mausoloeum, & a Funerall Oration & 
Requiem, and a solemne procession &c. 

* -P- - Thank God. 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 105 

Sond. 5 June. Was the first time of P. La Ferte s preaching here, 
after his disgrace. A most excellent orator.* 

Mond. 6. I took again some Syr. Spin. Cerv. which wrought well. 

Tuesd. 7. I writ to M r James Eyre & to M r Fasten, Ben[edictine]. 

Wed. 8. I was not out but at my Lord s with Abbe . 

Thursd. 9. We visited President D orsey, but he & his Lady were 
abroad. We saw his sister & kinswoman. It was a very wet day. 

Frid. 10. I received a Letter from Sir H. B. Very wet weather. 

Sat. ii. Very wet weather still. We carryed my Lord &c., to see 
y c English Mare, that shewd many tricks. Among others she knew y e 
24 Letters that were writ in Plates before her, and would shew any 
letter caled for, & knew all y e Cards. 

Sond. 12. W 7 e were Invited to y e . Enigmas & affiches at y e 
College, where were 3 Pictures handsomely declaimed on. The first 
was the Enigma described in these words. \Three lines left b!ank.~\ 
<S: the Meaning was Locutio. The second picture was of our Saviour 
in y e desert serv d by Angels under a Tree, where was made an 
Elegant speech in praise of y e CORTEX and good Cheer. The 3 d was 
y e Picture of y e Annunciation, where was discoursed about Secretum, 
the use of Silence &c. There were 5 youths declamed. It held about 
2 houres. 

Mond. 13. The Esq r had many Pimples came out, and we feared 
the Measles. I shewd them to D r G[alloys] and he gave him some 
Carduns water & Viper powder to fetch them out, if they were any 
thing Incidious. We heard of y e Duke of Orleans death at S* Clou 
the 10 Instant. 

Tuesd. 14. The last Night & this Morn he took some of y 
Powder to procure a little sweat ; but nothing came out. But I kept 
him from Schole, & the Doctor came morn, noon & night to see him. 
June 15, Wed. The D r came this Morn, and found y e Esq r well, 
no Eeavour, so that he concluded all but an Ebulition of blood, so 
advised onely to keep him from evenings walking out & from Milk. 
I intended to write to S r Henry, & dated my Letter to-day, & the 
Esq r to write also, and both of us writ and sent them. 

Thursd. 1 6. M r Atland went for Angers. L d W. c. accompanied 
him to Vergier. We visited Mad. de Morinee, and walkt out with M r 

Frid. 17. I received a Letter from S 1 Henry about Pr[es.] Durs[ey]. 

Sat. 1 8. M r Napier (alias Nevel) took his leave of us, &: went 
for Paris. I writ to Louvaine to br. Tho. Hunter, & M rs Frances Bed. 

Stind. 19. The Esq r took Physick. The D r came afternoon to 
see him, as did L d W. &c. 

Mond. 20. We walkt in y e Evening, and that night the Esq r 
coughed exceedingly. I bought my Cloath of M r Ruseville. 

Tuesd. z i . Pr. of Wales birthday, a Conge. The Esq 1 " writ L d Walgr. 

Wedns. 22. I writ to M r Eyres & M r Edw. Bed. in one Letter. 

Thitrs. 23. Was a schole day, because to Morrow is S k John s 
day. We were to see F. Clement Cap. who was going to leave this 
place to live at Croisie between Nantes & Brest. 

* See Jan. 25, above. There is no mention of his troubles before 1701 in 


Frid. 2 4 June. I received a Letter from S r Henry with one from 
my Lady to M r Nelson with a present. 

Sat. 25. We walkt (M r Br. & M r Fa) in y e Preluno. 

Sund. 26. We walkt with M r Scroop. 

Mond. 27. We were invited to M r Ingram s Defension of his 
Philosophic, & were presented with his & his Socius Thesis. He 
defended with great applause. All our English Neighbours were there, 
& his first opponent was F an Irish Professor Theol. 

Tuesd. 28. Was fast day & the Eue of S* Peter, the feast of y 
Esqr. s Regent, &: he presented y e Regent with a neat Bouquet. 

Wed. 29. We with my L d W. walkt to Verron & had a Goute. 

Thursd. 30. I was to visit M r President D orsey & agreed with 
him. M r Nelson took my Watch <Sc gave me in present but 2 Twenty 
shillings pieces of Gold with promise if I live to see him in his Estate 
to give me another Watch. 

Frid. July \. We walkt by y e River this evening. I received a 
letter from M rs Frances Bed. who is againe at Dunkerque. 

Sat. 2. It thundered in the Morn, yet we had no rayne till a 
while after. M r Littleton, Sir Charles son came to La Flesche & was 
entertained by L d W. & visited by us. 

Sund. 3. I writ to S r Henry. M r Littleton, having seen what y e 
Towne afforded, went for Angers at 2 afternoon. 

Mottd. 4. I received a Letter from Nurse in which was one from 
M r Cha[rles],* M r Martin, and from M rs Margaret to her brother & 
from N. to him. It came opened. At night with M r Scroop. 

Tuesd. 5. Was a Conge. We we:e in y e Afternoon with my L d . 

Wed. 6. I took a little Pastill of y e Apothecary, which was said to 
be extraordinary, and I did it, in order to see if the Esquire should 
take it on occasions, and it wrought well, but next day I feared an 
excoriation, and also the third day, so as by no means I should permit 
him to take it. 

July 7. This day my Lord W., M r Scroop & his Governor 
Morfin & we went for diversion to Sable, a pretty old Ville wal d 
round, seated on the River Sart, which runs into Le Loire at Angers. 
The place is but small. There is an old Castle in it that has been 
strong, & is very high on a Rock commanding the River but now 
of no use. This Towne is eminent for the best Leathers in Oyl & 
Bucks skins. About half a League to the left hand coming home, we 
were to y e Abbay of Saint Sairnclaism,t of S fc Bennit s order to see 
y e fine antient pieces of Statuary, of which there are several of the 
Passion &c. These we saw, and kist one of the holy Thornes of our 
Lord s Crowne. We returned that night. 

Frid. 8. I received a Letter from S r Henry. I visited F. Hescot 
& M r Ingram, & President Dorsey. 

Sat. 9. I was visited by Abbe Morfin, & Invited to Sup r next 
Tuesd., and in the evening I went to see them bleech Wax, but came 
too late. 

* This must be Charles Bedingfeld, and as his letter comes with Nurse 
Masterson s, and as Mar wood too writes to him in same cover as to Nurse, we 
gather that he lived at or near Oxburgh. 

f This is evidently Solesmes, though Marwood missed the name. 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 107 

Sond. 10 July. We were at y e Sermon ; the Esq r writ to his 
grandm[otherj & Aunt Ayres.* 

Mond. n. I received a letter from R. P. Geor. Hunter, & I 
payd the Tayler & M r Ronseville all bils. 

Tuesd. 12. I was invited to sup at Tronsiere with M r Scroope <S: 
M r Morphy, but refused it for y e Esq rs sake, it being so hot, & would 
be late home. 

Wedns. 13. I writ to P. Pr. Hunter & Nurse. 

Thurs. 14. Being a cool day we walkt to Clairmont, &: were 
entertain d by y e Cure Mersenne & M r Rouseville his assistant. 

Friday 15. S Henry s Day. We complimented L d W. s brother 
: he y e Esq r on his Patron saint. I received a Letter from M r Ed. Bed. 

Saturday 16. Was the 2 d Time we were a swimming by the advice 
of ye Physitian. This day I first gave my Landlord Rousville warning 
to leave him. 

Sund. 17. We were in y e Morn with P. Linch. Afternoon at 
Vespers at y e Carmes, it being y e feast of our Lady of Mont Carmel. 
And then walkt to S* Colombe. 

Mond. 1 8. We were bathing in y River in the even. I received a 
Letter from M r Hen. Eyre. M r Farely & I &c. walkt in y e even. 

Wednes. 20. I writ to M r Eyres and M r Ed. Bedingfeld in y e same 

Thurs. 21. We visited M r D orsey, and I went to Mons r de Pre, 
& pay d him for M r Nelson s danceing. 

Friday 22. We were at bathing. 

Sat. 23. We were walking in the even with M r Browne &: his M r 

Sund. 24. At the College, & in y e even visited M r Scroop. 

Mond. 25. S James Day. L d W. made a Feast. We visited 
Pere La Ferte there after dinner, & supp d there with M r Scroop, who 
fired afterward some Rockets. 

Tuesd. 26. I writ to M re Frances. 

Wed. 27. I payd M r Rousseville all I ow d in presence of M r Fa. 

Tkursd. 28. We bathed with Mons r Beri. 

Friday 29. We removed our Trunkes to Pres. D Orsey s. I received 
a Letter from M rs Frances B. at Abbeville. 

Saturd. 30. We went to Pres. D Orsey s in y e Morn, accompanyed 
by M r Farely, and after I went to y e Fiiles Penitentes with him, he 
having kept his Chamber till now for 4 dayes. *J 

Sond. 31 July. S Ignatius Day, solemnly kept at y e Colledge, 
where were the Richest ornaments for embroidery of Gold I could see 
anywhere. The Esq r & I writ to M re Frances Bed. to Abbeville. We 
were visited by my Lord W. & M r Scroope. 

Mond. Aug. i. We were visited by Mr Murfin & I visited P. 
Hescot. This night it rayn d severely almost all night. 

Tuesd. 2. I writ to Sir Hen. Bed., and M r Nelson writ in y c same. 
I sharply demanded of Ab. Villebreuil a little debt he ow d. The 
Esq r & Lord W. playd with our L. Lady. 

# The Dowager Lady Bedingfeld died Tan. 14/25, 1703. See l6th February. 
Aunt Ayres (note the spelling) was Mary Bedingfeld, wife of Thomas Eyre of 


Wed. 3 Aug. Was a fine day ; we walkt in y e even with L d W. 

Thurs. 4. We went all y e afternoon a shooting at Eire, L d W. c. 
and Abbe Villebreuille with us. Saw some partridges but shot but one. 

Frid. 5. At home all day till after Sup 1 . 

Sat. 6. It raynd. M r Ingram went for Paris by Coach. 

Sund. 7. I was with P. Lynch. I writ to M rs Southwell. That 
night supt here Mons r Aumon & his Lady, that live by Saumur, & 
invited us to their house. L. W. &c. here till 10. 

Mond. 8. Was a wet day. We stird not but to my L d . 

Tues. My L d & I we went to finde some Partridge at night. 

Wed. 10. 5 Laurens. We were in the Morn at y e Filles Penitentes, 
& afternoon at y e Costeau, kild a Perdreau & a Tourter. This day 
Mons r Crochiniere, a Man that had purchased g k Employes & was 
Secretary to the King of France, borne in this Towne, & come downe 
in his coach to see his Mother, made a donation of all his places (but 
one that he reserv d to sell, to give the house he went to &c.) left his 
coach, and having heard Mass at 4 in the Morn, took Post for Paris, to 
enter into Religion, not acquainting anybody with it, tho he had his 
Mother, brother & friends & Servants here. His Father was but an 
ordinary Gent, but remarkable in all these parts for his care of the 
Poor, so that he, in a scarcity of bread, has been known to relieve 500 
poor in a day (but this was by money he begd for them as well as his 
own) cSc 2 dayes in the week he constantly relieved a g k many. His 
sons (of which he left 5) are all hopefull and thriving Gent. This was 
likely to be a very great Man. Tis thought his resolution for retiring 
was either taken up or confirmed by this strange accident. One of his 
Acquaintance y fc that was growing great in the World, as he was, had 
bought a Countrey house, made fine additions to it, Furnish t it 
curiously with fine Paintings, & just finish t it, Takes this Gent, with 
him to shew it him, & having just shewd him all the beautys of it, fell 
down dead at his Feet. 

Thurs. ii. Was a wet morn. We stir d not out. 

Frid. 12. I received a Letter from S 1 " H. B. 

Sat. 13. Was fast for Mond. Assump. B.V. We walkt in y e even. 

Sund. 14. We were at Mons r Gallway s & I was at M r Scroop s. 
The Esq 1 " did his devotions. 

Mond. 15. Assump. JB. V. We were at a Sermon at y c College. 

Tues. 1 6. I was at home almost all day, being violent hott. M r 
Widdrington came after dinner to see me. 

Wed. 17. I writ to S r H. B. This day the Esq r was in Classe to 
compose for y e Generall Premium, & was there from about 7 in the 
Morn till about 6 at Night. 

Thursd. 18. We were afternoon a shooting towards Bire with 
L. W. 

Frid. 19. Very wet in the Morn. I received a letter from M rs 
Southwell. We were at Mons r des Hay s. 

Sat. 20. I was in the afternoon at my L d W. In the Morn I was 
blooded about 10 ounces. 

Sund. 21. I took some Syr. of Buckthorne for the paine of my 

Monday 22. Afternoon with L. W. a shooting. 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 109 

Tuesd. 23 Aug. I took some Buckthorne. 

Wed. 24. I was in the afternoon a shooting. 

Tkursd. 25. S Lewis Day kept solemnly at the College. A 
Benedictine preach t in the afternoon, and gave y e benediction in y e 

Frid. 26. I was a shooting & kild a Partridge flying. 

Sat. 27. I was shooting with my L d . 

Sund. 28. We were at S* 1 Germain treated by Abbe Villebruille. 
I writ to M Southwell. 

Monday 29. Was the great Act of the year for the Prizes. We 
were there from one to almost 6. The Tragedy was of Sigerie. There 
was an Interact of a Poet eulete [sic], and a grand Ballate. I had a 
letter from M rs Fra. Bed. from Paris. 

Tuesday 30. Being a very hot day I bathed with L. W. &c. ; but 
suffered not M r Nelson, because he had a little cough hanging on him. 

Wednes. 31. I writ to M Fran. Bedingfeld to Paris, directed to 
M r Whitford &c. 

Thursd, Sep. \. Was visited by M r Browne. 

Frid. 2. I received a Letter from S r H. B. forbidding M r N. going 
with L d W.* 

Sat. 3. Afternoon Mons r Lagaille (the best Gent of y e Towne) was 
thrown off his horse at a leap of a ditch in chasse, & broke his Nose a 
little & bled, which was all the visible Mischief he had, but within a while 
after his returne home, he fell into a stupor which showed he had extra- 
vagated blood in his head, whereupon all agreed he must be Trepanned, 
and I stayed and saw it done, & they got out some blood, but there 
was so much as that he dyed about 3 in the Morn without Sence. 

Sond. 4. Was the Dedicace of y e Jes. Church here, & a very good 
Sermon on y l Subject preacht. Afternoon we walkt out with M r Rebot, 
L d W. &c. 

Mond. 5. I was shooting after 4 with L d W. and Mons r du Norn. 

Tucsd. 6. Was a jour of Conge, y et the Esq r stir d not out till after 
4. L d W. came for him. I writ this day to S r Hen. 

Wedn. 7. I went a shooting with L d W. in the afternoon. I kil d a 
Partridge flying with y e little gun. (I gave a Letter to y e Post for S r H.) 
We intended to go to Marine but did not. 

Thurs. 8. A ativ. B. M. We were at y e College. 

Friday 9. The Intendant of Anjou, Main & Touraine (nomme 
Mons r Tirgole) came from Angien & lay at y e Procureur du Roy. 

Sat. jo. Mons r D Orsey presented M r Nelson to M d L Intendante 
& her Son who was mightily pleasd with him. I was at Bois de Giury 
with L d W. 

Sund. ii. t%t at the P. Jes. P. Lynch. The Intendant went for 
Lud this afternoon. 

Mond. 12. M r Nelson composed for his Ascendat. I accompanied 
L d W. to meet his Cozen who came not. 

Tuesd. 13. The afternoon M r Nelson had his Conge for Vacation, 
& we went with my L d a shooting to Bire, and at our Returne found 

* It appears, from what follows, that the prohibition was against accompanying 
Lord Walclegrave on his summer riding tour. In other respects the Bedingfeld and 
Waldegrave family parties keep company with one another just as before. 


M r Chr. Walgrave, Lord Brudenal,* his brother & Governor M r 
Cuffand arrived. 

Wed. 14 Sept. We were all at Mad m Lavarine s. Walkt & at 

Thurs. 15. I was with M r Nelson to take his leave of his Regent, 
Mons 1 D oriual, who goes for Paris, and gave me a good character of 
M r N. & of his merit to y e 4 th Class. Afternoon I was at L d W. & 
talkt with M r Cuffand. And in the liven L d Brudenal, his brother, M r 
Cuffand, L d W., M r Widdrington, M r C. Waldegrave & M r Scroop gave 
M r Nelson a visit, whom we treated with a desert of Sweetmeats & 

Frid, 1 6. We were afternoon with L d Brudenall &c. 

Sat. 17. We went to Lud with y e Lords, M r Waldegrave & M r 
Cuffand, M r Scroop & M r Murfey, Abbe Villbruille & Mons r Rebot : 
din d at y e Image N. Dame, Mons r Bellevil, & saw y e Castle. Re- 
turn d in the evening by Lashay a fine village, almost ruin d by y e 
Hugonotes leauing it. Pinshe, a fine village, Chasteau Griland, a 
pretty seat. 

Sund. r 8. M r Widdrington (& M r Preston) went for Paris. I, L 1 
W., M r Farely, M r Rebot & Abbe Vilbrule accompanied him to 
Gueselar where (at y e 3 Kings) we din d & at 3 & ^ parted and were 
at home by 6 tho 6 good Leagues of France. In the Mid Way is 
the Fine Abbaye of S b Marline la Fontaine, one of the most celebrated 
Nunneries of France. 

Mond. 19. We had the News that K[ing] J[ames] dyed the 16 
Instant, at about 4 afternoon and that his body was ordered to be de 
posited with the English Monkes at Paris till he should be buryed with 
his ancestors. 

Tuesd. 20. L d Walgrave, M r Farely, L d Brudenal, and his brother, 
M r Cuffand, their Governor, M r Francis Waldgrave went for Angers 
to make their Tour. M r Henry Waldg. left at home. M r Browne & his 
2 Gents, M r Tho. & M r Isaac Gage (Dons) gave us a visit, and with 
them & M r Hen. Wald. we walkt in the Evening to a Garden where I 
bought 13 Peches for 4 sous, and saw the largest Palourde (the best 
sort of Citroul or Courge which we call Pomkin) I ever saw red streaks 
with white, & that weighd about 20 pounds, yet valued at about 8 sous. 

Wedn. 21. We walkt afternoon with M r Browne &c., and I took 
M r H. Wald. with us. I visited P. Hescote <Sc had some Words with 
him about y e Pretence of being shewd ye Esq rs theme. 

Thursd. 22. We walkt towards Craaing with M r Browne, & M r Le 
Ferte, M r W m & M r T visited us. 

Frid. 23. P. Antoyne, Recol., took his leave of us, being to go to 
morrow for Angers. We were at Craaing with M r Br., M r Wald. &c. 

Sat. 24. M r de Pre visited us & took his leave for Paris, when I 
payd him all to that day. 

* George Brudenell took the style of Lord Bmdenell on the death of his 
father, Francis, in 1698. In 1703 he succeeded his grandfather (see 24th August 
1703). becoming the third Karl of Cardigan, and married Lady Elizabeth Bruce, of 
whom mention was made above, nth August 1700. In 1709 he renounced his reli 
gion, took the -oaths, and entered Parliament (Peerage}. Mis brother was James. 
Christopher Waldegrave, " cousin " of Lord Waldegrave, is afterwards called 

1 701] MARWOOD S DIARY in 

Sund. Sep. 25. We were at Vespers at S e Thomas, & walkt after 
with M r Browne & M r Dons. We visited M r Scroop & M r Eire. 

Mond. 26. I had a letter from M r Widdrington. 

Tuesd. 27. In the afternoon we were at Marinee with Abbe Morfey 
& Mons r de May at Mons r le Brosse. This evening Mons r le President 
returned home. 

Wed. 28. I writ to S r Henry, br. Tho. Hunter, M r Jam. Eyre & 
M r Widdrington. In the even we walkt with M r Browne. 

Thursd. 29. We walkt in the even with M r Br. to the Chateau 
d Artoisie, where is the remaines of a round Doue house. The holes 
stand a foot distance &: 10 Inches distance in height. There was about 
66 holes in every round and every 4 rounds were divided by a stone 
circle, jetting out very neat ; and there were still good 32 circles of 
holes, so that when couered & intire, it was a noble house for about 
2000 Doues.* 

Frid. 30. M r Brown, Mons r le Ferte" & M r N. & I went to Chenay, 
a pretty retirement of y e P.PJ-, to see P. Hescot. Return d by sunset 
past. I receiued a Letter from M r8 Southwell. Lewis d ors rays d 
10 sous ; ecus 2\. 

Saturd. Oct. \ . Was a g 1 rayne which had been prayd for 9 dayes 
before by a Neufaine. We stir d not. 

Sund. 2. We were at Vespers at y e Annunciation Nuns, and after 
walkt with M r Scroop & M r Murfey to La Tronsiere. 

Mond. 3. Lewis d or raysed 10 sous more, & go at 13 livres, & 
Crownes at 70 sous. I had a letter from M r Widrington. 

Oct. 4, Tues. Was a wet day. I stird not out but in y e even to the 
Recollects Benediction. 

Wed. 5. I writ & so did M r Nelson to M rs Southwell. 

Thurs. 6. We were in the Morn with M r Le President at the 
Garden of M r Oney defunct, & afternoon M r Nelson was to visit D r 
Gallway s & Mons r De Eire, & then at Bilyards with M r Scroop & M r 
Gage c. 

Frid. 7. We were at Claremont with M r Scroop, M r Morfy, M r 
Gage, & M r Browne. I received a letter from Nurse & M ra Margaret. 

Sat. 8. We were with M r Browne, Mons 1 le Chevalier, M r le 
Maitre at Tronchiere, where in the Guarenne they were hunting the 

Send. 9. We were at home. It was a very wet cold Morn. 

Mond. 10. I received a Letter from S r H. B. Went to Mad. la 
Presidente. M r Scroop & M r Morfey walkt with us. 

Tuesd. ii. I found several Lice in y e Esq" head, & therefore I cut 
off his hayr close. 

Wedn. 12. I writ to M Margaret Bedingfeld & Nurse in one Seal. 
It was a wet day. We were afternoon a shooting at Bois de Guire. 

Thurs. 13. Being S l Edward s day Abbe Morfe & M r Scroop made 
us a visit in the afternoon. And we spent the greatest part of it at M r * 
des Hayes. 

* It is to be noted that after Marwood had returned to Oxburgh he constructed 
a large dovecote in the park, somewhat perhaps on the lines here suggested, and 
has left an account of it in one of his account books. See also Sir Richard s 
" Memoranda." 


Frid. 14 Oct. We went afternoon to Tronchiere with M r Scroop. 
M r Brown visited us in y e morn when M r Nelson *J* escaped a g* danger 
of falling head long down staires, but was in our armes. We visited 
P. Hescot. 

Sat 15. We were with P. P. Hescot & Beam &c. at Tronchiere. 

Sond. 1 6. M r Nelson went out at Midell [sic] not well. Then we 
went to visit the new Regent, M r Faucheux, but he was abroad. 
Afternoon at a sermon at S k Framboise. At night L d Waldgrave, M r 
Farely &c. returned home, and we visited them. 

Mond. 17. We were alone. In the even L d Brudenall & y 
Esq re playd at Billiards. 

Tuesd. 1 8. S 1 Luke. P. Hescot, M r W m & Ed. Grey, Mon r 
Priermire Allemayne, M r Bourgois, M r Scroop, M r Morfe, & M r N. &: 
I, went to Malicorne, about 3 Leagues off to dinner at y e *J Vert, and 
we saw the Chateau of Mons. Lavardin, in which was nothing curious, 
but the Moat which was fild by a water wheel and kept at a certaine 
height by a strong wall which was built with a sloping coaping, and 
over that coaping ran y e Water into a lower Canal when the Moat was too 
full, and that lower Canal drove a wheel when they pleasd of about 20 
yards diameter, which carried Water by certaine vessels fixed in y e 
wheel and deliuered it into a trough above, and so it ran as back into 
the Moat. About a league from thence we saw the neat Chateau 
of Courcele, a regular Moderne building, bought lately for about 
60,000 liv. & was worth 3 times the sum. 

Wed. 19. M r Nelson went to Classe in the 4 th . His Regent 
made an oration, it being his first coming from Blois, Pere Faucheux. 
There remained in y e 4 th Classe about 12 of y e last year s number & 
about 30 came from the 5 th . I writ to S r Henry. 

Thurs. 20. M r Nelson went for his books for y e 4 th Classe. 
Vintage began about Malicorne, St. Luke s day, but about Rochelle & 
Poitou above 14 days before. President Dorsey kept his Chamber. 

Frid. 21. I received a Letter from S r Henry &: M r Widdrington, 
& M r Nelson from his Father. M r Dorsey abroad again. 

Sat. 22. Lord Brudnall, his brother, his Governor, M r Caffand & 
M r Fran. Waldgrave were to take their leave of M r Nelson, going for 
Paris. I writ to M r Paston, & M r James Eyre by M r Waldgrave, & 
sent M r Paston what I owd him, & to M r Eyre I sent S r Dan Arthur s 
note of Receit for him to pay me 820 //. 

Sund. 23. Lord Brudnal &c. went for Paris. L d Waldgrave & M r 
Scroop and their Governor went with them to Gue-selar. 

Mond. 24. Dr Galloys ordered Mr Nelson a purge for y e worms, 
but I gave him only a sour orange in y e morn, for 3 mornings, and let 
the purge alone. M r Farely and I walkt to y Coteaux. The Esq re 
began to show a cold. 

Tues. 25. The Vintage began hereabout. Afternoon a Conge . 
M r Nelson & M r H. Walgrave walkt out to y e Coteaux. 

Wedn. 26. I writ to S r Henry. I was with M r le President, when 
visited by M r Scroop, M r Murfey, M r Farely (& M r Browne) I 
walkt out. I walkt out and saw them make y e Wine. 

Thurs. 27. M r Nelson having a Conge for y e Afternoon, we with 
L J W & M r Scrope &c. went to Marine. By y e waye we cald in at S l 


d. I7SH. 


d. 172-2. 


Third Baronet. 1H89-1760. 


afterwards LADY MHDINT.FKLD. 

d. 17S1. 

To /i/cv/>. 112 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 113 

Jaques, a house & Priory of y e P. J., and saw them at their Vintage. 
There was 2 great Pressoirs, one of which would presse 3 Pipes, & 
there was 2 cuves, one of which with 6 Iron hoopes held 35 Pipes of 

Frid. 28 Oct. S Simon &> Jude. L d Wald. c. went to Pugerie 
for 2 daies. 

Saturd. 29. A wet Morn; the first bad day since y e Vintage 

Sund. 30. M r Nelson s cold began to go off.*J We walkt in 
y e Afternoon. We first had a fire this day. 

Mond. 31. A great frost. We first wore our Muffs. I received a 
Letter from M r James Eyre in answer to mine carry d by M r Fr. 

Tues. Nov. i. The i Sermon began at y e P. J. for y e year by 
P who came from Blois. 

Wed. 2. I writ to M r Eyre an answer to his Letter. We were a 
shooting afternoon with L d W. ; M r J. Hales came. 

Thurs. 3. We were with M r Hales to see fa. Hescot. 

Frid. 4. I had a Letter from M r Ed. Bed. of S r Jo. Arfundel s] 

Sat. 5. I was with M r Hales walking in y e even, & after with 
P. Hescot. 2 Peres Augustines dined here from Millanese. 

Sund. 6. I writ to M ra Frances Bed. 

Mond. 7. I payd President Dorsey a Quarter s Pension due y e 30 
Octobr. last. And this day Mons r de Pre" began to teach M r Nelson, 
for every day \ an hour at 5 & ^ afternoon, at 2 Crownes pr. Month. 
M r Nelson received a Letter from M r Edw. Bed. 

2 uesd. 8. M r Nelson was a shooting with my Lord Wai. and 
kild a Hare running at which my L d shot & mist (the first Game 
he ever kild). It was a Conge afternoon. 

Wedn. 9. I visited M r Brown. Afternoon saw Abbe Villebrule, 
M r Scroope &c. 

Nov. 10. Mons r le Maistre went hence for Saumurs. And Mons r 
Dorsy and his Lady went to Aumone their Country Ferme. 

Friday n. A Conge day being S fc Martin. We were a shooting. 
I received a Letter from M r8 Southwell and M r Clem Paston. 

Sat. 12. I bought a new little Peruque for M r Nelson. 

Sund. 13. L d Wald. his brother and Governor, M r Scroop & M r 
Murfe dind with us on M r Nelson s Hare &c. I writ to M 18 Frances 
Bed. & M r Nelson to his Father. 

Mond. 14. I received a Letter from my Lady Bed. & another 
from M Margaret and Nurse. 

Tuesd. 15. Was a Conge. We were shooting with L. W. & M r 
Butler H. [sic] & it raynd in our Returne. 

Wed. 1 6. Was wet, & I was visited by P. Clement Cap. who was 
in his way to Paris and so to Barserobe. I writ to M r Clem. 

Thursd. 17. Was Conge afternoon. M r Nelson was Peloting at 
the Tennis Court with L d W. this night, about an hour after he was 
abed, & before I was asleep, M r Nelson got out of bed in his sleep ; 
but on my speaking to him he waked & I directed him to bed, where 



he was immediately asleep again. But I got up and struck a light to 
see him covered, and he sleep well all night & in the morn told him 
[query me] he dreamt he riss in the night &c. ; and I would not tell 
him the contrary lest he might be frighted. 

Frid. 1 8 Nov. Was a wet day. I visited M r Scroop & found 
Mons r de Brosse & Abbe Villebruile there. 

Sat. 19. M r Farely & I walkt in y e Park with P. Maree, Minister. 

Sond. 20. Afternoon M r Nelson &c. was at y e Tennis Court. 

Mond. 21. I received a Letter from M ra Frances Bed. & from M r 
James Eyre. M r Braithwait came to La Flesche. 

Nov. 22, Tuesd. Was Conge afternoon. M r Nelson was visited 
by M r Braithwait & they are at the Tripot. 

Wedn. 23. I was only with M r Farely in y c afternoon. 

Thursd. 24. I visited M r Brown. 

Frid. 25. Was S* Katherine, a conge. We were shooting after 
noon. I received a Letter from M r Paston, that he had received my 
82oZ. of S r Dan. Arthur. 

Sat. 26. I walkt out only with M r Farely. This Month was an 
Edict for sinking the price of Money frum 3//. 105. \ y e Crown, & 
Lewis d or at 13 to Crownes at 3^. 55. & Lewis to i2Z., but before the 
Month expired they were again ordered to continue at y e first value till 
New coyne could be had at i^L. the Lewis, and 3^. 16*. the Crowne. 

Sund. 27. I ^ at the Filles Penitentes for my birthday which is 
on Tuesday next. We were at S fc Thomas afternoon, where Mons r 
Lapiedeusier fainted & y e Preacher broke off his Sermon. 

Mond. 28. I writ to M r Clem Paston to pay the money he had off 
S r Dan Arthur to y e Caissier des Gabels to return hither. 

Tuesd. 29. I was at y e P. Recollets and had a M[ass] of [in] 
Gratiafrum] action[em] for my birthday. 

Wed. 30. S Andrew. I heard a P. Recollet at S l Thomas. After 
noon we were with L fl W. who had streyned his foot a little, so went 

not out. 

Decemb i, Thursd. A wet day. I stir d not but to M r Farely. 
This night the Lieutenant Criminel & Mons Cosse of S k Mary, 
Chapelain of y e Visitation & - - of the Hospital supp d here: all 
accomplisht Gents. 

Frid. 2. I was not abroad, but at M r Scroops &c. 

Sat. 3. I writ to M r Ed. Bedingfeld and Lady Bed. and y e Esq r in 
both, & here supp d Mons r Garnet & Deshorniers. I went with Mons 1 
le President to visit Mons r D ossy, a Gent y fc speaks English and was 
five years in England. 

Sund. 4. I was at y c sermon at S fc Thomas . And after at M r 
Scroop s. M r Nelson at Tennis. 

Mond. 5. I was only in y e afternoon with M r Farely. 

Tues. 6. S Nicholas. Was a conge, but a wet day. We were at 
M r Browne s in y e Morn. Afternoon a shooting. 
Wedn. 7. A wet day. 

Thursd. 8. Conceptio B. M. V. a conge. The Esq r at y e Tennis 
Co*. I received a Letter from S r H. B. There came one who pre 
tended his name Howard, that had kil d 5 men as he said in a quarrel 
with S r F. T., M r Erie &c. & so was forc t to Fly. 

1701] MARWOOD S DIARY 115 

Friday 9 Dec. I had another Letter from S 1 H. 13. and one from 
M r Clem Fasten. L a W. was not well & let blood. 

Sat. 10. Was a wet day. I bought Mourning* at M r Gaudion s. 

Sund. ii. I was at S l Thomas afternoon. I writ to S r H. B. in 
answer to his 2 Last. M r Nelson was to see young M r Rebot. 

Mond. 12. M r Scroop & M r Braithwait came at Night & stayd 
late at Cards (but we left them at our hour) & going home they met a 
Renconter [an accidental fight]. 

Tuesd. 13. I writ to M r Paston to pay my Money to y e Fermers, 
to have it here. 

Wed. 14. I was not out scarce, but at y e Post house & with L d W. 
at Madame Lavarine s. 

Thurs. 15. M r Browne & M r Farely walkt out with us. 

Frid.ib. I had no Letter. L (1 W., M r F. & T. at M. Lavarine. The 
Tayler took measure for our Mourning. 

Sat. 17. The Curate of y e Towne dyed, a Venerable person, his 

name he had been a Councellor and his wife dead, he took the 

Priesthood. He had sons in Religion and one a Counsell r , he 

was blind 2 years before. 

Sond. 18. I writ to M rs Southwell and M r James Eyre. 

Mond. 19. Here was at night M r de Gauery and his Mother and 

Tuesd. 20. I was onely w th M r Farely. L d W. well againe. 

Wed. 21. I was not abroad but at my L ds . 

Thtirsd. 22. Was Conge after Noon, M r Nelson at my L ds and we 
walk* out w th M r Rebout, this Night arrived M r Arundel, M r Hidef & 
M r Matsson his Gov r . 

Frid. 23. I went to ye S l Martin to visit M r Arundel M r Hide &c. 
& at Night we went with ye President his Lady to see the Danceing on 
the Ropes ; but tho he was a very habile man, yet by misfortune he 
fell fro the Rope, a Voltiger, and broke both his Armes, and his Head 
cut. I rec d a Lett r fro S r Henry and one fro M r Paston w th a 
Rescription for SigZ. on M r Thibault, w ch was the 82oZ. returned to 
me fro S r H. by S r Dan Arthur as by his letter and my remark 
March 19. 

Sat. 24. We were at Night at the College. And \ houre after 1 1 
we (w th L d W. & M r Farely) went to S fc Thomas where we performed o r 
Xmas, M r Nelson in Mourning; and at 2 (Sond. 25) in ye Morn we 
returned home; And lay till 10 ith Morn. 

Dec. 25. In the Afternoon after Sermon at my Lords. 

Mond. 26. We Visited M r Butlar, M r Grey, P. Hescot. At Night 
we were Visited by M r Arundel, M r Matson, M r Preston. 

Tues. 27. We were to Visit the Regent, P. Johannes De Poirre 
being his Feast and he treated the Scholars, and Invited M r Nelson 
but we went not. M r Arundel L d W. &c. went to see the Chateau de 
Courcelle. M r Brown & I walkt toward the Milanese. 

Wed. 28. I writ to M r Drury & to M r Paston Ben[edictine] & at 

* See below, January I. 

f This Hyde, whose true name is afterwards given as Cottington, may be either 
Francis or John, the sons of Charles Cottington of Fonthill-Giffard, Wilts, de 
scendants of King Charles s minister, Lord Cottington. 


Night took leave of M r Arundel & M r Hide (Cottington) &c. who next 
day were to go to Saumur. I saw a F r man Mons r du Brosse rise hastily 
fro Table because there was 13 at Supper. 

Thi4rsd. 29 Dec. M r Arundel, M r Hide &c. left La Flesche for 
Saumur. L d W., M r Farely &c. w th them to Saumur. 

Frid. 30. Was a terrible day for constant rayne. Snow hayle c. 

Sat. 31. At Night L d W. &c. returned home. M r Brown M r 
Nelson & I were toward ye Milanese a walking. 


At the beginning of the second year of the Esquire s course at school it 
may be well to form some idea of the company amid which he lived. It has 
already been seen that the number of English boys was very considerable, 
more than twenty in all, besides those who, though only travellers, would in 
passing have contributed something to the formation of young Henry s 

The most constant companion was James, Lord Waldegrave. The 
families of both belonged to the county of Norfolk.* His great-grand 
mother, Anne Paston, was sister of the Esquire s grandmother Margaret. 
Until the last generation the balance of social prestige had stood even 
between them. But the Waldegrave heir had married an illegitimate off 
spring of royalty, and had therefore been " ennobled." Still he remained 
true to the Stuarts after their fall, and his son James, the present Lord, who 
had lost his father when he was but four, seems to have been a good fellow, 
though rather too fond of amusement. We hear a good deal of his prowess 
in sport, and once he kills a wolf (2Oth November 1702) ; but, of course, 
Marwood was charmed when the Esquire, though some five years his 
junior, "wiped his eye" when out shooting (8th November 1701). 

We cannot but remember the terrible apostasy of his later years, but there 
is no sign of anything of the sort in the period under our notice. He goes to 
Mass with the Esquire (8th January 1702), and brings him home a relic as a 
present (nth September 1702), while Mr. Nelson stands "parrain" to his 
brother Henry when the latter was confirmed at Mans (nth April 1702). 
Mr. Farely, his gouverneur (called "Dr." 4th May 1701),, was a priest (25th 
August 1702), and Marwood praised him as "a most obliging gent." 

The first English boy to leave school after the arrival of the Esquire was 
one Smith. His mother was living in the town to look after him, and, 
woman-like, she once endeavours, but in vain, to make her way into " the 
PP. side" of the College, i.e. the Fathers quarters. Colonel Skelton 
accompanied them. This youth left school to enter, as it seems, into the 
French navy under the name Stafford (27th January to 3ist March 1701). It 
may not be impossible to identify him, but the use of aliases, and the almost 
entire absence of Christian names, makes this so difficult that I have had to 
abandon the investigation, both in this and in many similar cases. Occa 
sionally one can make an identification through the practice of using the 
mother s name as an alias, as in the case of Thomas Nevill of Holt 
(28th April 1701). But the prudent editor must resign himself, under these 
circumstances, to making many confessions of doubt. 

An interesting but puzzling pair of brothers are Thomas and Jos. (pre 
viously called Isaac) Donne, uere Gage. There are a considerable number 

# Marwood wrote to Sir Henry and to Edward Bedingfeld on Lord W. s affairs 
(8th January 1702) at his tutor s request; perhaps about money matters. See also 
the Waldegrave Pedigree in Foley, v. 383. 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 117 

of data for their identification (3rd March 1701), and they may be Thomas 
and William, the sixth and seventh Baronets Gage of Firle, but only on 
condition that both our baronetages and our Marwood are more fallible 
than one quite likes to believe. Yet there seem to have been only two other 
Catholic families of Gage, who could have afforded so expensive an educa 
tion, those of Hengrave and Harleston (Payne, Catholic Non-jurors^. 380), 
and they had then no children to send (John Gage, history of Hengrave, 
1822, p. 240). 

Another identification impossible, for the want of a Christian name, is 
" the new-come English gent, who calls himself St. George, brother of Lord 
Sussex" (i2th September 1702; cf. 6th October, 7th November). Thomas 
Lennard, fourteenth Baron Dacre of the South, had two brothers, both of 
whom died before him. Which of these two visited La Fleche in 1702, 1703, 
does not appear. He seems to have been too old to attend the College 

We are on firm ground in regard to " the two Greys." Here we have 
the Christian names, William and Edward, and Powis, the title (ist June 
1702). They seem to have been very young, and had a governess, Mile. 
Chupot (i4th September 1702), as well as a gouverneur, who, as we see 
(26th December 1701), was Father Thomas Hesketh, an English Jesuit. 

William Herbert succeeded in 1745 as third Marquess and fourth Earl 
of Powis, but died unmarried in 1748. His brother, Lord Edward, in 1734, 
married Henrietta, the only daughter of our Lord Waldegrave, and died 
soon after. The title was thus extinct. But the earldom was revived in 
favour of the husband of Edward s posthumous daughter Barbara i.e. 
Henry Lord Herbert of Cherbury. 

Lord Brudenal and his brother James, with their gouverneur, Mr. 
Cuffand, came, under the guidance of Francis (at first called Christopher) 
Waldegrave, a cousin of Lord James, at the beginning of the long vacation, 
I3th September 1701, perhaps to see Preston, vere Molyneux, who may have 
been their cousin (28th April 1701), but they were on their travels, and, 
though they passed through twice, they did not stay long. This lord 
apostatised in later years. 

Mr. Widdrington was probably Charles, the second brother of the fourth 
Lord Widdrington, but the absence of the Christian name again prevents 
our being certain (27th January 1701). The name of his gouverneur is also 
omitted (5th May 1701). 

Mr. Scrope, under the Abbe Morfin (whose name takes every possible 
shape between that and Murphy), may have belonged to the Danby or to 
the Cockerington family of that name. In the same way Mr. Hyde, who 
came on a week s visit only, with Mr. M % atson as his gouverneur and Mr. 
Arundel as his guide (22nd to 29th December 1701), might be Francis 
or John, the descendants of Lord Cottingion, the well-known minister of 
Charles I. 

The mutability of principle among the Lyttletons of Frankley, Worcester 
(26th May and 2nd July 1701), affords an instructive contrast to the stead 
fastness of the family we are studying. Sir Charles, the father of the boys 
whom Marwood met, had played a very distinguished part in the Civil Wars, 
and at the Revolution held resolutely aloof from King William. But his 
son Thomas, who may have been at La Fleche with the Esquire in 1702, 
and who succeeded in 1716, took the oaths, entered Parliament, and became 
a statesman of some importance. His son George played a part still less 
worthy of his grandfather, and still more successful from a worldly point of 
view. He began by throwing up all belief, became a violent opponent of 
Walpole, and an extravagant partisan of the then Prince of Wales, through 
whose favour, when on the throne, he became Chancellor of the Exchequer 
and Baron Lyttleton. By that time he had become a somewhat fanatical 
Low Churchman, and in this mood we shall meet with him again. 


Browne (called Farmer Browne, loth October 1702, and afterwards 
Farmer [? Fermor]) and Simons, who were there under tutors called Dod, 
Webbe, and Bourgeois, as well as Cotton, Atland (otherwise Horsey), Bolser 
or Butler, Galloway, and Hales, have so far eluded identification. So has 
Braithwaite, whose career, however, is worth following, as he seems to have 
been the only instance we meet of a boy who was educationally a failure. 
He gets into scrapes on every possible occasion, and has eventually to leave 
under a cloud. 

Two older youths, Ingram and Fermor, seem to have been following 
courses of Philosophy. Note should be paid to the various tutors. On the 
I7th of April 1701 a supper was given at the College to Marwood, Morfin, 
Farely, Paien, Webb. Later on a dinner was given to "PP." Lynch, 
Kirwin, Browne, Hescott (i7th March 1702). These seem to be the English 
priests about the College. But Browne is nowhere distinctly called a priest. 

Marwood and the Esquire seem to have met, not unfrequently, with dis 
tinguished Frenchmen of all sorts. 

They were only twice thrown in with pronounced Jacobites, and that was 
during their sojourn in May 1701 and October 1702 at Angers, where Lord 
Melford was living ; it is said in exile from St. Germains. With him were 
his second wife and some of his many children ; also some Jacobite friends, 
Sir Adam Blair and his son, two sons of Sir Charles Lyttleton, Mr. Canon, 
Mr. Constable, and Mr. Wauchope. 

Upon the whole, though we cannot identify half the boys with certainty, 
we can see that they represented all those grades of social life amid which 
a boy of good family should be educated. 

Another topic deserving of attention is furnished by the long and short 
tours, generally made on horseback, by little groups of boys with their 
tutors. The first of these was directed to Angers, for the Fete Dieu, which 
was kept there, with special solemnity, as an act of reparation for the heresy 
preached there by Berengarius (24111 to 28th May 1701). There was a short 
ride to Sable (7th July 1701), to Lud (i;th August), but Sir Henry Beding- 
feld would not allow his son to join Lord Waldegrave in the long tour 
from 2oth September to i6th October (see Sep. 2 and note). On the i8th 
of October, the last day of the vacation, there was an expedition to 

Next year, 1702, expeditions were made on a larger scale. During 
the Easter holidays the Waldegraves and Bedingfelds rode to Mont St. 
Michel in Normandy, a trip of some fourteen days. At Whitsuntide a 
shorter trip to Saumur, Chinon, Richelieu (3rd to loth June). In the 
autumn a visit to a French nobleman, Mons. de la Borde, at La Grifferie 
(i5th to 25th September), and another ride to Angers (loth to i$th 
October). Cf. p. 159. 

1702, Jan. i. Sond. I was at ye Acad. w th the Rector &c. This 
day I put on Mourning for S r John Arundel. 

Mond. 2. I writ to M rs Margaret, & Nurse <S: to M r Cheveus. 

Tuesd. 3. Conge after Noon. We were at Cruzon a Shooting. 

Wed. 4. The frost broke & we were not out. 

Thurs. 5. Was very Wet. At Night the Veille aux Roys according 
to Custome here, they Choose King by a Cake, as in England, but 
w th more Solemnity. And after Grace, the first 2 pieces are for the 
poor in the Name of Dieu & la bienheureuse Vierge, the youngest 
person distributes &c. 

Frid. 6. We were to Visit M r Butler at Mad ra de Varannes, in the 
even at the Tripot. 

Sat. 7. We were not out. But myself at M r F. & M r Morphy. 
This day M r Farely had a long Contest with M r Braithw*. 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 119 

Sund. 8 Jan. We were at S l Thomas & began ye Procession for ye 
Jubilee & then w th L d W. we were at ye Solemn Mass of ye S fc Esprit, 
at ye P.P.J., & afternoon at a Sermon at S fc Thomas, where a Mission 17 
Recolle preacht. I writ to S r Henry (& M r Edw (l about my Lord) at 
M r Farely s request. 

Mond. 9. I was after Noon at a Sermon of ye Recollects of ye 
Mission; a most excellent Discourse. 

Tuesd. 10. Was all day a Conge. We were in ye Morn at a 
Sermon of ye Mission ; one of the best I ever heard on ye Text of ye 
Hebrews " Looking to Jesus." Afternoon we were Shooting w th L d 
W. at ye Bois de Eire till night. 

Wed. n. I was to see M r Browne & after at ye Sermon of 
P. Seraphim ye Mission 1 . 

Thursd. 12. Afternoon was a Conge, we were out w th L d W. 
M r Braithw 4 M r Preston. This night M l Butler made a Supper. And 
at Midnight M r Scroop & M r Braithw* his guests went in a Frolique for 

Frid. 13. I was at 2 Sermons at S fc Tho. I had a letter from 
P. Plowden. 

Sat. 14. I began my Jubilee for 15 days. 

Sund. 15. I writ to P. Plowden about ye 50 livres he had for me 
& I gave it to P. Hescot : where L d W. came in, & we had a good 
breakfast there ; <Sr Visited P. Bearne &c. & I was invited next day to 
dine with ye English at L d W. but refused it. 

Mond. 1 6. I was onely at L d W. I rec d a letter fro S r Henry. 

Tuesd. 17. Conge after Noon. We were shooting at Eire w th 
Mon" r Pierrar. 

Wed. 1 8. Was very Wet. I was w th M r Farely at ye Tripot. M r 
Atland arrived from Angers in his way to Paris. 

Thursd. 19. M r Scroop, M r Morphy, Braithw* 1 , M r Butler came 
fro Saumur, & M r Murphy sent a letter to me at 8 at Night &c. 

Frid. 20. M r Atland came to make us a Visit. We were both at 
the Sermon in the Morn it being S l Sebastien s day. Conge. 

Sat. 2 1 . M r Browne came to see ye Esq 1 w th his 2 young M r Dons. 
We went & walkt a while. 

Sund. 22. We were afternoon at Church at S l Tho. whence M r 
Nelson went out very ill & disposed to Vomit. We took L d W. in our 
way ; where I let him drink a Glass of Wine, but at going thence he 
brought it up. He eat no Supper but some burnt Wine <S: a Tost, and 
he Slept Well all Night ; 6c in ye Morne was well : went to Classe. 

Mond. 23. In Classe the Esq r was a little Indisposed but Stay d it 
out, & held well all day after, but did not go for his Stations. 

Tuesd. 24. Was very Wet & Stormy, the Esq r went not his 
Stations but went to Classe. This night M r Braith. Scr. Ha. Htl. 
played their Pranks at Mons le Tuilliers. 

Wed. 25. He went his Stations in ye Morn, & was at Schole well 
all day. M r B r . linnen seized for Debt to ye Apoth. 

Thursd. 26. M r Brown Visited me, & he had a bill on M r Thibaut 
to whom we went to receive it but met him not. P. P. Lynch & 
Kirwin Visited us, but we \vcrc at my L (I W. & at even made Station 
w th him. 


Frid. 27 Jan. I was with M r Browne, Farely & Morphy at ye 
Tripot. I had a letter from M r Clement Paston. 

Sat. 28. My Lord W. first wore a Peruke, & M r Farely, M r Browne 
& I walkt out to ye Chateau d Artoisiere. M r Nelson by composition 
yesterday was this day made first Imperator in ye 4 th Classe. 

Sund. 29. I writ to S r Hen. M r Braithwaite went for Paris & 
took not leave of M r Nelson. Today M r Nelson took 6 of his pills but 
they wrought not. 

Mond. 30. M r Nelson had a letter from his sister Frances. 

Tuesd. 31. I was w th the P. Principall du Poirier who congratulated 
me on ye Esq rs being Emper r . 

Wed. Feb. i. Y walkt out with M r Morphy. 

Thursd. 2. Candlemas Day. We were to Visit ye Regent 
Foucheu, & the Principall Poirier who presented M r Nelson w fch a 
Cadre* for being Imperator as did P. Hescot. 

Frid. 3. I had a letter from S r Henry, I walkt out w th M r F., my 
L d , & met M r Browne w th whom we went home. 

Sat. 4. I was walking w th M r F. 

Sund. 5. M r Nelson & I finisht our Jubilee at ye P.I. M r Nelson 
& I writ to M Frances. 

Mond. 6. I rec d a Letter fro M rs Southwell. M r Brown had news 
of M r Don Aisne s Death. 

Tuesd. 7. Conge. We were a Shooting w th L d W. towards ye 

Wed. 8. I walkt out in ye Afternoon. And Visited Madame de 

Thursd. 9. Was a Fogy day & Conge Afternoon. We only walkt 

Frid. 10. I had a letter from M rs Marg* & Nurse. 

Sat. ii. M r Atland took leave of us for Paris. I gave him M r 
Nelson s watch & a letter for M r Clement Paston. 

Sund. 12. We were after Noon at the Milanese, a Pryory of 
S* Genavefe, ab fc a league fro hence. A Neat old Monastery Capable 
of 40, but there s not above 8 Fathers in it now. 

Mond. 13. We were walking w th M r Scroop & M r Butler. 

Tues. 14. Was a wet day. I Visited F r Hescots &:c. 

Wed. 15. I writ to M rs Southwell, & the President gave me a 
direction for M r Morphy to have his Money brought from Paris. To 
day ye Esq re composed w th out a Dictionary in Classe. And did Well. 

Thursd. 16. We went to Dinner at the Milanese w th my Lord W. 
M r Scroop, M r Hales &c. & returned in the evening. Then we had the 
Company of a learned Lawyer the Principall of Angers, who is confined 
to that Solitude on pretence of being Crazed w th Study, his name 
M r Louet. 

Frid. 17. Was very Wet. I was at M r Scroop s a while. I had a 
letter from Sir Henry. 

Sat. 18. I gave the Magdelines, the quest I got for them. 

Sond. 19. I writ to S r Henry cS: to M rs Margaret & Nurse & after 
Noon we walked with L d Wa. to Mad m Mordeeks at Marine, to taste 

* Cadre is, I suppose, here used as the Italian quadra, for a picture i.e. a pious 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 121 

Wine. We had a Chevreul (or Ro-buck) to Supper ; w ch is small but 
good flesh & well Tasted. 

Mond. 20 Feb. M r Farely & I were at Veron after Noon. And in 
tended to drive there w th M r Scroop on Wednesday but he had letters 
w ch called him immediately to Brussels. I had a letter fro P. Plowden. 

Tuesd. 21. It was very Wet. I answered P. Plowden s letter & 
gave it P. Hescot. 

Wed. 22. We were invited to dine at my L d8 w th M r Scroop, M r 
Morphy, M r Butler &c. And at Night we all Sup fc at M r Scroops. 

Thursd. 23. Conge . My Lord & M r Nelson were a Shooting & we 
with M r Browne dined at Veron. 

Frid. 24. I was at the Capucins afternoon ; where I gave a charity 
to their S. Louise. Afterw d was with M r Scroop. 

Sat. 25. We were treated by M r Browne w th a Boule of Admirable 
Punch w th M r Scroop. 

Feb. 26. M r Morphy & M r Scroop & M r Butler went for Paris, 
but M r Butlar went so lately resolved that in the Morn I was forced to 
furnish him w th money & it was 9 oclock ere he took horse. In the 
evening was a Solemne procession of the Pensioners at the College. 

Mond. 27. I rec d a Letter fro M rs Southwell. It was a Conge for 

these 3 dayes. P preached at ye Colledge, he is a master of 

Divinity a most Ex* Orator. 

Tuesd. 28. Shrove Tuesday. Ended the Jubilee here w th a Solemne 
Masse, Sermon, Procession, Te Deum & a Monotoire fro the Bishop 
of Angers forbidding all Priests to Absolve or Admit to the S.S. even at 
Easter all Jeueurs de profession, Brelandiers * c. 

Wed. March i. Ash Wednesday. I writ to M rs Southwell. After 
noon we went to meet my Lord & M r Farely at ye Abbie of N. Dame 
des champs, M r Turpin s, but we met him returning. 

March 2. I rec d for P. Hesketh 300 Livres of M r Jacques 
Paschales Merch fc , and then p d M r de Varannes 104 due on M r 
Butlars Ace* &c. & returned the rest to P. Hescot, who payed me 
w fc I had disbursed. 

Frid. 3. I visited M r Browne, it was a Wet day. 

Sat. 4. I was not abroad but at L d W. 

Sund. 5. The Esq re & I did our Devotions at ye Filles Penitenles, 
after Noon we walkt w th L d W. to Berri. 

Mond. 6. I had a letter fro M r Morphy. It was a g* frost this 
day & last night, & this day arrived Mad e Beauchard. 

Tuesd. 7. The frost held & was as Violent Cold as all Winter till 
after Noon the Wind turned, & it rayned a little. Yesterday was 
Publish d by Sound of Trumpet an Ordonnance du Roy for all English, 
Scotch, & Irish, from 18 to 50 that were in France, & not in Employ; 
to take Service in ye Army on peine of being treated as Deserters.")" 

Wed. 8. I rec d a bill from P. Hesketh for ^153, i6 8 upon P. 
Plowden, w h Mons Camet pay d me. And I pay d myself the -^103, i6 8 
w ch M r Morphy owed me. And the 50 Livres I pay d to P. Hesketh 

% Brelandier, a haunter or keeper of gaming houses. 

) One of the preliminaries to the War of the Spanish Succession, and the result 
of the recognition by France of the " Old Pretender " as King of England. 


next Morn. M. Browne walkt w th M r Farely & I, fc told us M r Don 
voyded a Worme of 12 Inch. 

Thursd. 9 March. It rayn d in the Morn. Afternoone were at Eire. 

Frid. 10. I rec 1 a Letter fro M r Harn. 

Sat. ii. M r Farely & I were at Verron in the Evening. 

Sund. 12. We were at a Sermon at ye P.P.J. else onely at L d W. 

Mond. 13. I was onely at my Lord W. 

Tuesd. 14. Was all day Conge. My Lord & we went a Shooting 
in the Morn. We took a Collation at Verron at Noon, whith r M r 
Farely & M r Henry came ; & then we went all along the Coteau till 
Evening, this after Noon the gun went off by the Cock falling in 
my hand & flew out of my hand a great Way, burnt my Glove, but 
>!< w th out any other Mischief. 

Wed. 15. I was not out, but at an Evening s Walk. 

Thursd. 16. Afternoon M r Nelson was at Eire w th my Lord. At 
night here were at Play, Mad e Eousach, Beauclere, M r Bleu and his 

Frid. 1 7. My Lord invited M r Nelson & I to din r w th the PP. 
Lynch, Kirwin, Browne, Hescot &c. but I went not till ye Afternoon. 

Sat. 1 8. I was not but w th M r Farely. 

Sund. 19. We Visited Mr Foucheu, the Regent, & in Evening 
we Went w th Lord W. to Crayan. 

Mond. 20. My Lord <S:c. & I walkt to Qairmont & drank at ye 
Pryory there. 

Tuesd. 21. M r Farely & I gave a Visit to M r de Cosse , Conf r to 
ye Religieuses of the Visitation, & M r Chatelaine Confess of the 

Wed. 22. Mons Cosse & M r Chatelaine gave us a Visit. M r 
Browne Visited us also. 

Thursd. 23. Was all day Conge. We were a Shooting all the 
Afternoon w th L d W. towards Eois de Giury, this day a Scholar 
broke his leg w th Leaping. 

Frid. 24. I had a letter fro S r Hen. B. 

Sat. 25. We were in the Even at Fontaine de Sas where, tis said, 
was antiently the Church of La Flesche. 

Sond. 26. M r Nelson & I writ to S r Henry. 

AJond. 27. I was not out but at my Lords. 

Tuesd. 28. I made Issue Playsters. 

Wed. 29. I read a most Excellent Oraison funcbre de Due de 
Luxemburge par P. Delarue 1695, where he says P. Orange writ to a 
General thus, " Ce Due, qui etoit en possession [? position] de se battre 
partout, venoit de le battre encore a Nerwinde." 

Thur. 30. Conge afternoon. P.P. Birne & Hesketh went w tu M r 
Farely & I to Eire. 

Thursd. 31. We had the Ace* of the P[rince of] O[range s] death, 
said to be Thursday the 23 Instant but proved on S fc Joseph s ye 19. 

Sat. Aprill i. I was not out but in ye Evening w th M r Farely. 

Sund. 2. I was w th A. Villebreuille & M r Rebot &c. walking. 
M 1 Nelson was with his Regent. 

Mond. 3. I was Invited by M 1 Ingram to his Defension but did 
not iro. but went to thank him Afterw d . 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 123 

Tuesd. 4 April. This evening I Visited Mon" r Chatelain Confes r 
to ye D. Ursulines And Abbe Gainiard the new Cure of ye Towne. 

Wed. 5. Began a Jubilee. I writ to M r Morphy & to M r Fasten 
ab fc M r Nelson s watch. It snowed and froze today. 

Thursd. 6. I had a letter from M r Paston that he had sent the 
Watch. M r Nelson walkt out with his Gun. It snowed & was a bitter 
Cold day, & a g* 1 north wind. I re cd M r Nelson Watch today. 

Frid. 7. I was onely w tk M r Farely being a Tempestuous day. 

Sat, 8. Pere Mouchet pay 1 me 154 Livres in eleven Lewis 
d ors. 

Sond. 9. We made our Easter at S* Thomas. 

Mond. 10. L d Walgrave his brother, M r Farely, M r Nelson & I 
began our Journey to Mans where we Arrived at Night, lay at ye 

Grand Place & visited ye Bishop of Ossery M r * who gave us a 

fine Collation. 

Tuesd,. n. After Mass M r Henry Wai. was Confirmed by ye 
B. of Os. M r Nelson was his Parreine ; & then we Visited the Bishop 
of Mans, Mon sr Tressain, who received us kindly shew d us his 
Chappel (w ch is a fine Dome & the Modell whence all ye fine Domes 
of Paris were taken) & we had his Coach to See the rest of ye 
Towne. We visited the Abbe of S* Vincent an Antient fabrick, & 
now New building after a Stately Man 1 ; the Stair case is very Curious ; 
And the half of ye Fabrick now new built is very Fine. Next ye 
Priory of Couture where we were treated handsomely by the Interest 
of L d Ossery, who lives in one of their houses. And the Pryor Maur 
Andreu gave us Recommendations to Don Joseph Miniac, Prieur of 

Mont S k Michel, and to Prieur of ye Benedictines at S k Malo. 

We saw also the Seminary a fine new building & had the Bishop of 
Mans Coach to attend us. 

Wed. 12. At ii in the Morn we set out of Mans for Alenson the 
first Towne of Normandy where we Arrived at 7 evening, 10 Leagues. 
Bayted at Beaumont 6 Leagues from Mans. 

Thursd. 13. We left Alenson w ch is an Old Ville but has nothing 
curious in it. The Maison de Guise being an Irregular tho Modern 
building, & Bayted at Pre 4 Leagues & at Night arrived at Coutern 4 
leagues more ; w ch is a poor Village & made us a poor Reception. 

Frid. 14. We set out in the Morn & by 12^ or i came to 
Barenton w ch is 8 Leagues passing by Domfront an old fortified Ville, 
well Situate on a hill; and after dinner rid 6 Leagues to Duce, where 
we were well Lodged & entertained, & went thence to 

Sat. 15. Courti, 3 Leagues, where we took a Guide to Mont S* 1 
Michel, nere a League in the Sea, first Visiting the Salines, where they 
make White Salt by an Infusing fresh Water on a bed of the Sea Sand 
& then after 10 houres boyling that Water to a White Salt. Two 
Persons in ye 24 houres will make 5 boisau, And the Price of One 
boiseau and a half is pay 1 daily to the King, whether they Work or not. 
So that they Work night & day Never letting the fire out, but ab l once 
in 15 dayes for 12 houres. We arrived at Mont S l Michael ab l 12 or 

4 According to Gams, the Bishop of Ossory from 1689 to 1711 was [ames 


i oclock, & lodged at ye Chapeau Rouge, and were kindly received by 
D. Jos Miniac, P. Pellis & P. Mercier a most Ingenious Man, who 
Shew d us all the Raretys of the Castle & Convent w ch is situate nere 4 
or 500 foot fro the sea, w ch surrounds the Rock at high Water. And 
has about 70 houses, all Walled in but on the North side where the 
hill is a Precipice. The Rock is but about a Mile in compass & the 
Prior is Lord & Cap* of the Castle, the Place is much Visited by 
Devout Persons, & we were told that some Lordships ab l have the 
Custome that an Heir can t Inherit, till he have Visited S fc Michaels. 

Sund. 1 6 April. Being Easter Day, we Stayd at Mont S* Michaels, 
& Saw all that was Rare there, the Treasury of ye Church, the Hall of 
ye K nfcs &c. being Curious. 

Mond. 17. We set out by 7 in the Morn and came by Pont Orson, 
ye first towne of Bretaigne we came to (ye farthest but Safest Way) to 
Dole, an Episcopall Seat in Bretagnc, but had nothing curious in it, 6 
Leagues from Mont S* Michael, there we dined ; And then took horse 
for S k Malo, ab k 5 Leagues more, where we arrived by 6 & ^, and came 
to the Cheval blanc, where we lodged that night, & then 

Tuesd. 1 8. Went to the Licorne to Lodge. Then went to ye 
Benedictines where we were kindly rec d by ye Prieur and commended 
to the Care of Don Nicholas de Hugats, the most obligeing & Intelligent 
Gent. I ever met w th , who went with us to the Castle to ye Lieut, du 
Roy, Mon 8 de S te Marie, who rec d us civilly, & gave us his Order in 
Writing to See all the Fortifications. The Castle is at the Angle of S* 1 
Thomas, new built, Regular & Strong ag* Bombes; there are n Forts 
ab* the harbour, most on Rocks in the Sea. 

Wed. 19. We took boat w th Don Nicholas, M r Giraldin M r Tarire 
pied noir, M r Langrely, & went to the Fort of Couchd a league & \ to 
Sea & is a Wonderfull Strong fort on part of a rock & part in the Sea, 
it has 28 Canons, Walls & Vaults all Bombe proof, the garrison changes 
every 10 days. Tis almost an Oval Figure & is not to be taken but by 
Starving & the Channel is within Pistol Shot. Afterw d we were carried 
to dinner to M r Giraldines who gave us a Noble Treat, And after 
Showed us the Old Towne, & New Suburbe on ye other side ye Bay. 
The Towne is on a Rock a Peninsule w ch we walkt round in \ an houre, 
has good houses & high, but the Streets somew 1 narrow. It is an 
Episcopall Seat, the Bishoprick worth 30 Thousand Livres per Ann. 
At Shuting the Gates at 8 at Night, they turn out 25 g* 1 Dogs kept on 
purpose w ch Suffer no Person to come Nere the Gates in the Night. 
The Works about well planted w th Canon, the proverb there is that 
S* Malo is remarkable for 25 Chanoins 25 Chiens & 25 Putaines. 
There are about 6 score Men of War of the Towne s Mens owne, some 
of 80 Guns. 

Thursd. 20. Ab fc 12, We left S* Malo & came to Hede that night 
9 Leagues (bayting onely at S* Pierre a pretty Ville) where we were 
well lodged & found M r Macartie (Irlandois) the Cure . And on 

Frid. 21. We left Hede a bt 7 & came to dinner to Rennes the 
Capitol of Bretaigne (5 Leagues) & a Bishop s Sea, and a Parliam*. 
The Towne house a Moderne, neat & Regular building. And the 
Parliament Chamber & Presidial s extraordinary fine for Payntings, bas 
funds on the Ceiling &c. The City Streets are not large. They have 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 125 

many Sedans, but not many Coaches. The Jesuites have a Noble 
house there & College but have no Pension", & there is a Stately 
Abbaye of Benedictine Nuns c. There we lay all Night at ye S 1 Jean : 
And a bt 7 next Morn. 

Sat. 22 April. We went for Vitre 7 Leagues (passing Gravel 3 
Leagues from Rennes, the last towne of Bretaigne, where is a Bureau 
they Search all that pass) w ch is in Bas Mans a pretty old fortified 
Ville w th a neglected Castle. And after dinner went to La Valle 7 
Leagues farther w ch is a g fc Empory for Linnens & red Marble. We 
arrived a bt 7 at Night & lay at ye Perle. And on Sunday 

Sond. 23. Were at Mass at ye Hospitall, then saw the g* Church &: 
the Recollects w ch is the finest Church & Cloister there. There we 
were treated w th good Alicante Wine by M r Reahgren Irlandois who is 
employed in the Bureau de Selle. We left this Towne a bt Noon & 
Bayted at Mele 4 Leagues off, & came at 7 to Sabld 4 Leagues more 
where we lay at ye *%* vert and 

Mond. 24. We went to see ye Fierier of Black Marble and thence at 
6 at night we arrived Safe ^ at La Flesche where we supp* at Lord W 8 *J< 

Tuesd. 25. S 1 Marks Day was Conge in ye Morn, so we rested in 
ye Morn ; & M r Nelson would go to Classe in the Afternoon, being not 
ye least fatigued. We Visited P. Hescot M r Ingram, Browne, Grey, 
Preston, Gage, President &c. Beam, Lynch &c. 

Wed. 26. We consulted D r Galloys a bt ye Small Pox w ch was very 
Rife now, but he said not very Mortall, & he Advised to Burne Geniure 
in the Chamber & to take a little Ornietan 2 or 3 Morns in ye first of 
ye Moon. I writ to S r Hen. B. and M r Paston 

Thursd. 27. Was Conge afternoon, we were at Eire a Shooting & 
P. P. Hesketh & Lynch came to us. 

Frid. 28. I walk* w th M r Browne who Visited us the day before. 

Sat. 29. Were not out but a 1 ordinaire. 

Sund. 30. After Vespers we went to ye accustomed Shooting w th 
Fusees & Bullet at ye Pavois, where a young Scholar in Seconde got 
the Prize, w ch is what all ye Shooters put in. I had a letter from B. T. 

May i. Mond. I had a letter fro M rs Southwell. Afternoon 
walkt out with L d W. I visited P. Lynch. 

Tuesd. 2. I walkt w th M r Browne. 

Wed. 3. I writ to M ra Southwell & M rs Cobbe at Paris. 

Thurs. 4. Conge. We were at Eire w th M r Ingram & M r W. & 
Ed. Grey &c. 

Frid. 5. I writ our thanks to P. dom Nicholas Hougatz to S Malo. 
I rec d a letter fro M r Paston. 

Sat. 6. I was not out but w th M r Farely. 

Sund. 7. We were w th P. Lynch >J at ye Filles Penitentes. 
Afternoon at ye College & then walkt to a pretty house on ye South of 
ye Towne called Duce. I writ to P. Plowden for ye ^800 he 
owed me. 

Mond. 8. I was onely w th M r Farely & Visited M r Browne. 

Tuesd. 9, Walkt in the Park w th M r Farely & M r La Ferte. 

Wed. 10. L d W. & M r Farely & I walkt after Noon towards Bois 
de Giury. 


Thurs. 1 1 May. Conge. M rs Greys & M r Preston came to see 
us & w th M r Bearne, Hesketh & M r Browne. We Walkt to Chemino. 
And after we were treated at M r Brownes. 

Frid, 12. Was a Feast of Notre Dame de Vertue. My L d came 
from M r Rebout s Countrey house. 

Sat. 13. Walkt w th M r Browne & M r Farely. 

Sond. 14. Lord W. his brother, M r Farely M r Nelson & I were in 
the Evening at the Couteaux. 

Mond. 15. We walkt not out but a 1 ordinaire. I had a letter 
from D. Nicola d Hougatz from S* 1 Malo. 

Tuesd. 1 6. We had Supper of Company amongst w ch was One of ye 
Wine Ferme, that had been Secretary to ye Ambassador to Siam. I 
walkt in the Evening w h L d W. &c., & we met P. Lynch & Kirwin. 

Wed. 17. I writ to S r Henry. In the Evening walkt w th L d W. & 
M r Farely, by the River. 

Thursd. 18. Conge afternoon. We walkt in ye Even till late & 
took a Glass at 9 at M r des Hays. 

Frid. 19. Was the greatest Thunder I ever heard in France. I 
was at the College. 

Sat. 20. I onely walkt out with L d W., who was not very well. I 
cleared my Q rs board to 14 Ins 1 per agreement. 

Sond. 21. We were at the Colledge <S: after walked with L d W. 

Mond. 22. I rec d by P. Hesketh s hand a bill fro P. Plowden 
(w th a letter) for 8oo A payable by Mons Chouin. 

Tuesd. 23. Was Conge. We walkt out w th L. W. & M r Browne. 

Wed,. 24. I writ to P. Plowden & gave it to P. Hesketh. 

Thurs. 25. Ascention Day. In the Morn at ye College. 

Frid. 26. I visited ye Rector of ye Coll. & P. Lynch &c. & M r 

Sat. 27. I walkt in ye Even w th Lord W. & M r Nelson. 

Sond. 28. We were at ye College after Noon & then M r Farely 
I went to Visit M r Le Peletier. 

Mond. 29. M r Farely & I visited M r Browne. I had a letter fro 
P. Plowden. 

Tuesd. 30. I was onely w th M r Farely at M ad Lavarines garden. 

Wed. 31. In the Even I & M r Nelson walkt w th L. W. 

June i. Thursd. Conge. After noon we were at my L d W., & at 
even walkt towards Eire. I was to see M 1 Edward Grey (Powis) who 
then went Sick into the Infirmary. 

Frid. 2. I was to Visit him & he was better. Else I w r as not 
abroad but a 1 ordinaire. 

Sat. 3. Lord W. his brother, M r Farely, M r Th os Gage, M r 
Browne, M r Nelson, M r Preston (Molineux) & I took horse at 5 in ye 
Morne for Saumure 1 1 Leagues. We dined at a Towne 7 Leagues off, 
Lange, & at 6 arrived at Saumure, cS: lay at the 3 Mores. The towns 
is neatly seated at ye foot of a hill of Rock, on the South side of ye 
La Loyre, has a Noble bridge of ^ a League (divided by 4 Isles) on w h 
they take the Evening Ayre. 

Sond. 4. Whit Sunday. We were at Masse at the Peres de 
1 Oratoire, where is a Noble Church & Dome, and a Celebrious Image 
of Our B. Lady, said to be found in a Rock hard by, where is now a 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 127 

Chappell & a Grot. [In margin The P.O. have a good Convent at 
Pont Llury en Perch, where they board and teach and find Cloaths 
for 200 Livres p r an. Another at Tiron & S fc Germain.] Afternoon 
we went to Vespers to ye Abbay of S fc Floraux, a Benedictine Order ; 
built about 700 yeares past. Stately, &: well founded, where the Fath r 
told me the originall of making Cyder in Africk first by the Manichees, 
who forbad the drinking Wine. Thence it was brought to Biscaye, 
thence to Normandy, and thence to England. The Castle of Saumure 
is finely situate on the high Rock over ye Towne. And the Dehors is 
well kept, but the Castle decays and serves onely for a Prison of State, 
w th a Small Guard. 

Mond. 5 June. We visited the Towne w ch is small & has a good 
Wall, but else nothing Noted but for being a Nursery of Heresy, the 
Hugonots had scholes here, but now all Destroyed. There are 3 
Parish Churches (I think in the Towne) the chief S k Peter, In w cU is 
an Image of S* 1 Christopher remarkable for its Monstruous Greatnesse. 
The Recollects have a Noble Garden & neat house here, & the Cure 
of S* Pierre has made himself a fine garden out of the Rock, said to 
have cost him 10,000 Crownes. 

Titesd. 6. We took horse a ht 6 for Chinon, 4 leagues, but we went 
a league out of the Way to see the famous Monastery of Nuns called 
Fons d Everand (Fons S* Everadi), founded by a holy man S 1 Guil- 
laume (who was never Canonized), and is richly endowed, & has 200 
Nuns, & has the Presentation to a bt 6 score benefices, to w ch the Lady 
Abbess presents (who has 10,000 Livres per an. for her owne Peculiar 
coiffure) & who is alwaies of the Blood Royall till this present, who is 
Sister to Madam de Montespaigne,* & was w th g* difficulty, tho by 
the King s Command received Abbesse. Tis the head House of the 
Order subject to no Visitation but the Pope s delegate; is worth 
200,000 per an., &: has a Convent of Men Adjoining, who are for Cures 
to all their Order, & Cures at the Disposition of the Lady Abbess. 
This Monastery was founded by Henry 2 ud K. of England who w tu his 
Queen Elen r & Richard Cceur de Lyon are buryed at the Nort-East 
corner of the Quire, under a Noble Mausolee. The fathers have a fine 
Bibliotheque at the end of w ch is a Cabinet w th fine Curiosities, amongst 
w ch a pickture of 3 Aspects seen 3 different Wayes. About 4 we took 
horse & at 7 arrived at Chinon, 3 Leagues off, a neat old Towne seated 
on the north side of the Vienne, where is the Remains of a very Strong 
Castle where Charles of France kept his Court, when first the Pucelle 
d Orleans was brought to him. Here is nothing noted but the Caves 
under the Rock of the Castle, in w ch we went a bt 180 Paces, but in 
several turnings there is counted 300 paces. The Water distilles in 
some Places of the Arch and Petrifies, and by the Candle light lookes 
like a lambris of Diamonds. There I bought a Salmon fresh out of 
ye River, weighed a bt 10 lb., for 3 Livres 16 Sous. Here the famous 
Picarre leapt out of the Prison Window and killed himself. 

Wed. 7. We took horse after dinner for Richelieu, 4 leagues off, 
and about 3 leagues off, came to a Fine House of ye Duke of Orleans, 

* Mdme. de Montespan was the successor of Mdme. de la Valliere (see January 9, 
1700) in the affections of Louis XIV. until the advent of Mdme. dc Maintenon. 


called Champigny sur Vaud, where is adjoining a Noble Chappel called 
La Sainte Chapelle, fro the Many Curious Reliques there kept, all w ch 
I had toucht by my reliquary. Ab* 7 we arrived at Richelieu in Poitou, 
w ch is counted one of the bijoux of France, built by Armand du Plessis, 
w ch is very curious for the Symetrie & Statelynesse of ye building. 
The Towne is a long Square a bt 700 paces long, & between 4 & 500 
broad, a Noble Ditch and Wall, for Parade not Defence. And the 
great Street and Towne Gates, running Parellelle to the front of the 
House, and to the gates of the Park a perte de vue. The house is 
3 sides of a long square. And the Stables &c. are of Stately buildings, 
before the house, but ranging w th the sides of it. The house is Stately 
for Figures, Paintings c. Furniture. There is an Agate Table & a 
S k Jerome in Pierres de rapport, much taken notice of. There is in a 
Cabinet some pieces of the Rejoyceing the Cardinal made at Lewis 14 
birth, Amongst w ch is a Picture of the Court Ladys on horseback for 
hunting, cost 10,000 Crownes. The Gallery is Noble. 

Thurs. 8 June. We saw the house & rid round the Park, w ch is 
well Stored with Timber & deers. 

Frid. 9. We took horse for Chinon where we arrived at n, & 
after dinner took horse for Bourgheulle 3 Leagues fro Chinon, where 
we passed the La Loyre in a ferry boat, \v ch carryed the men first, then 

5 horses at a time, so that 3 Passages brought our Company. Ab fc 7 
we Arrived at Bourgneuil, where is one of the Noblest Monasteries of 
Benedictines in France, for Jurisdiction but not Wealth, having not 
above 30,000 Livres per an., of w ch the Abbe has 20,000 for his share. 
It has about 160 Cures in its Presentation, of all w ch the Abbe has ye 
first year s income upon Deaths. The Abbe s house is Stately, the 
gardens noble, by w ch runs a little river, walled with Stone each side, 
in forme of a Canal of 180 paces long, and Strait & fine Walks by it, 
and beyond the Garden a Most Majestic Garren, planted in Promenades 
of Trees, in the Finest Order I Ever Saw, so as that from the Gate you 
enter, yo w see the end of 7 Severall Walks ab* 160 [sic] long, terminated 
by another Canal, beyond w ch is a Noble Prairie, of ab* 100 Arpents & 
beyond that Corne ground of ab fc 180 Arpents, all on a level to the 
Levee of ye Loyre, all belonging to ye Monastery. We lay there this 
Night ; & on 

Sat. 10. Ab fc 8 in the Morne we took horse for La Fleche ab k n 
Leagues off, came to Molierne ab fc 4 Leagues where we Dined & thence 
went to Bouge ab fc 3 Leagues w ch is the longest and easiest way to find, 

6 a bt 8 arrived *%t at La Fleche &c. 

Sond. ii. We went to See M r Edw. Gray (Powis) who had been 
at death s dore, but now We found better. 

Mond. 12. I was with M r Farely & P. Hesketh. M r H. Wai. 
taken ill. 

Tuesd. 13. Was the Panegyric of Hen. 4 well Spoken by P. Des 
Gres at ye Colledge. M r Hen. continued in a feavour. 

Wed. 14. After Noon was Conge. My Lord, M r Browne & 
M r Nelson & I, went a Duck Hunting. I writ to S r Henry by P. 

Thursd. 15. Was Corpus X". We did our Devotions at the 
College. Afternoon at a Sermon at ye College. 


:> : 

"7 " 

7 j . 



>/,, &,, *? <*")r ,-^f^- 



To /fcv/>. 128 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 129 

Frid. 1 6 June. M r Hen. Walgrave had ye Small Pox came out 
this Morn. I rec 1 a Letter fro S r Hen. & one fro M r Edw. Bed. by 
ye Way of Holland. 

Sat. 17. We walkt in ye Evening towards Eire". 

Sund. 1 8. Was the /Enigma at the College, but the Weather so 
hot we were not there but w tu My Lord W. 

Mond. 19. I was at S 1 Tho 8 in the Morn, it was Conge. Cap* 1 O. 
Cain was buryed, who dyed sodainly. At evening we walkt to Bire. 

Tuesd. 20. I was at M r Farely s : found there that he was not 
well. P. Beam defended, And we were Invited to his defension, but 
went not, because M r Farely kept his bed all day till Evening. Ab. 
Villebreuil & I played at Trie Trac there. 

Wed. 21. I was onely at walk in the Even. w th L d W. and M r 
Nelson to the Coteaux. In the Morn I heard P. Edmond. 

Thurs. 22. Octave of C.C. we were at ye Grand Procession & at 
Even at ye Benediction at ye Filles Penitentes. This was ye 7 th day 
of M r Hen. Wai. Small pox, when he was full of them & well w tu them, 
& yet the D r Galloys ordered him a Clyster contrary to all Practise, 
that ever I heard of. 

Frid. 23. We walkt in the evening with L d W. &:c. 

Sat. 24. S*" John Bap* We walkt in the Even, towards Bire \v ih M r 
Preston & M r W m Grey. And his brother Edward was agreed to come 
to ye Doc 1 Caillyets, but the Regent refused it afterw tls . 

Sund. 25. We were at Sermon at the College, but L d Walg r not 
w tb us, because he was taken ill w th a Pain in his head & back, but he 
was so well as to Visit us at Night, & he eat a Hearty Supper. 

Mond. 26. L d W. had an apparent Feavor. And the D r Galloys 
judged he would have ye Small pox. 

Tuesd. 27. The Feavor was abated much in the Morn, but at 
Noon the D r discovered some little pimples on his Face; at Even he 
began to talk idly. 

Wed. 28. The Small pox came out thick on my Lord W., & he 
bled at ye Nose & after that his feavor abated. 

Thursd. 29. S Pierre. Conge. My Lord W. still grew fuller of 
ye Small pox, bled againe at ye Nose & had a Naturall Stole, the first 
he had in 6 days, tho ye D r would have given him a Clyster on Tues 
day, w ch I hindered all I could, in prospect he would have ye Small 
pox, and he had no Clyster. In the Even M r Browne & his family & 
M r Preston & M r Nelson walkt to Verron where I gave them a Goutee. 

Frid. 30. My L d found himself pretty well of his feavor but ye 
small pox fild Slowly. M r Browne & his family cald on me & we 
walkt into ye G fc Meadow. 

Sat. July i. My Lord finely well. His brother took Physick in 
order to go out. Lady Melford, her son &c. went thro the Towne for 
Paris as is said but incognito. 

Sund. 2. I visited P. Hesketh, and M r Farely who told me Lord 
W. had something of his Feavor againe. We walkt w th M r Browne & 
his family (who came to us) in ye Medow by ye River. 

Mond- 3. My L d finely well. This day was the Feast of S Thomas 
kept w th g* 1 Solemnity for ye Dedication of ye Parish Church. I rec d 
a letter from P. Geo. Hunter w th a Patent of Participation *J . . . 



Tuesd. 4 July. My L d continued hopefull. I visited P. Hesketh 
& afternoon played with Abbe Villebrule. 

Wed. 5. I writ to M rs Southwell. 

Thurs. 6. My L d riss this Evening. M r Browne & his family, M r 
Ingram, & M r Nelson &:c. went to Bois de Givry. 

Frid. 7. This day I rec d all that P. Mouchet owd me & M r Chauvin. 

Sat. 8. I was onely with M r Farely & A. Villebrule. 

Sond. 9. I writ to S r Henry & M r Edw. Bed. & gave it to P. 
Hesketh. M r Nelson s nose bleeds frequently. 

Mond. 10. I was onely at my Lord s who continued to mend. 

Tuesd. ii. In the even M r Browne & M r Farely & I walkt. 

Wed. 12. M r Blaire (S r Ad. Blaire s son) gave us a Visit in passing 
by fro Paris. I went with him to see the College. I writ to R. P. 
George Hunter. 

Thurs. 13. I visited M r Browne, and saw M r Edw. & this day 
I saw my Lord W. thro the window the first time. In the evening I 
walkt w th M r Farely, M r Preston (who this week quitted the College) 
M r Browne & M r Ingram. 

Frid. 14. I was onely at M r Farely s & in ye Even walkt with him 
& M r Preston. 

Sat. 15. I was at M r Browne s & L d W. s. 

Sond. 1 6. I did my Devotions *%* at ye Colledge. 

Mond. 17. I rec d a Letter from S r Hen. enclosed in one from M r 
Edw. for M r Farely. 

Tuesd. 1 8. I was onely at M r Farely s &: played at tables w th 
Ab. Vilbreuille. 

Wed. 19. I rec d a letter fro M rs Southwell. I walkt w th M r Browne 
to S* Columb. 

Thurs. 20. I was with M r Browne &c. M r Nelson writ a letter 
in mine to his Father. 

Frid. 21. M r Nelson was somewhat out of Order in his Stomach 
at Night. 

Sat. 22. M r Nelson went out fro Church in the Morn not well, 
but returned soon againe & went to Classe : but said his head ached at 
his return but made nothing of it. 

Sond. 23. We both writ to S r Henry in one letter &c. I sent it 
in one of M r Farely s in whose I wrote also to M r Edward. M r Nelson 
was very ill in his head and Stomach. I gave him 8 of his Pills. He 
slept well, but in the Morn at six would rise. 

Mond. 24. And found himself better and went to Church, but 
there was very sick & faint. I had the Doctor who intended to give 
him something next Morn, but about 10 in the Morn, he [was better] 
& then took a little Nap & was as well after as ever in his life; & 
Visited M r Dun in the afternoon who was not well & proved the Small 
Pox, & at night the Doctor came again & I found him so well I would 
have nothing done to him. 

Tuesd. 25. S e James. He did his Devotions at S* Jacques, but 
was very apt to faint, tho without any paine or Feavour. Ab* six at 
night I made him a Chaudeau, & put him to bed, where he had not 
been above an houre, but the Measles came out very Thick, but he 
Slept well that night. 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 131 

Wed. 26 July. In the morn I sent for D r Galloys, who found him 
w th a little Feavour, & prescribed him a Sudorific at 3 Prises & a little 
Syrrop de Capillaire for his rheume. This day he sweat a little & his 
Feavor rather abated. And he slept well in the after noon. The Night 
was Quiet. 

Thursd. 27. He had a Bouillon in the Morn, but he Vomited it 
up againe : about n he had a Mess of Milk & put in it a little Syrrop 
de Capillar. He had a little of his Feavor & therefore I let him not rise 
all day, but it was gone before Night. 

Frid. 28. M r Nelson had no man r of Feavor, got up about n. 
his Rugeols abated, and stayed up till 5 at Night. He eat only 2 
bisquits dipt in Wine & Water, till he went to bed, & then he eat an 
Egge, & the Doctor that had been (2 days past) 3 times a day here, 
came but twice this day, & sayd he had no further occasion to come. 

Sat. 29. He continued well, got up ab t 9 & walkt about the house. 
We were Visited by the R. P. Guardian of the Capuchins. 

Sund. 30. I writ to M rs Southwell & Sir Henry & enclosed it to 
her. We Visited P. Fouchee & My L d W. 

Mond. 31. M r Nelson took Physick & had a Poulet for din r . It 
was S* Ignatius day, a great Solemnity at ye College, where was the 
Bishop of Mans : his Nephew the Abbe de - - who preacht the 
sermon. M r Farely was here 2 or 3 times. 

August: Tuesd. i. He was very well, >J, but the D r advised he 
should not go to Classe : so he was at My Lord s. I visited M r 

Wed. 2. We were after Noon at L d W. 

Thursd. 3. We Visited Pere Guardien Cap. & Pere Lyn. In the 
even I walkt out with M r Browne and Mr. F. 

Frid. 4. Mr Nelson went first to Class after his illness. I was 
with Mr Browne : my IA 

Sat. 5. L d W., M r Browne, M r Farely &c. went to see M r Ed. 
Grey towards Lude. I was Invited but would not let M r Nelson go, 
for loss of his time, & to expose his health being newly recovered. 

Sond. 6. He was not well in the Morn & Vomited twice before 
breakfast, & eat but little till night. We were afterwards treated w th L d 
W. & M r Farely at the College. 

Mond. 7. M r Nelson was well & at Classe. I was onely afternoon 
at my Lord s. 

Tuesd. 8. At Noon was one of the greatest darkness, Violent 
Rayne, & long Thunder that is ordinarily seen, and it was so dark we 
could difficultely see to dine. I walkt out in ye Even w th L d W. who 
killed a partridge, but it rayned Violently just as I got home. M r 
Nelson was well *%* 

Wed. 9. He continued very well ; it was the jeune of S* 1 Laurent. 
M r Blaire came at even from Angers : but I saw him not. He went 
away early : but sent me a Compliment by M r Farely. 

Thurs. 10. Was S l Laurent. We were along at my L d 8 till 4 after 
Noon, & then we all walkt to Chemineau, than where I never saw 
more Pechcs ; we could lye on the ground & eat them off the trees 
3 or 4 Sorts. 

Frid. n. I was at Bois de Giury w th M r Farely. 


Sat. 12 Aug. This morning about 2 An Osfraie (Osprey we call y m ) 
came to the Terrace & the house, and cry d terribly. And the Gardiner 
got up to fright it away, but could not, he said, in f of an hour. Now 
the French have a fear of this bird as Nuntia Mortis. This day the 
4th Classe composed for ye Genrall Prize of ye year (M r Nelson was 
so eager he Slept but little all Night before). After Classe he was a 
Shooting \v th L d W. 

Sond. 13. He was w th the Regent repeating his Catechism. 

Mond. 14. Being the Veille of the Assumption B.M. the afternoon 
was Conge. I walkt w th M r Farely to the Blancherie, where we Bathed 
the first time. 

Tuesd. 15. Assumption of the B.M. We were at ye PP. in the 

Wed. 1 6. We were only a 1 ordinaire. 

Thursd. 17. Was Conge. We gave my L d W. & M r Molineux 
&c. a Supper in M r Buisson s Garden, after having been a Shooting at 
Eire. Coming home we met ye P.P. who past a Complim* on M r 
Nelson s having done well. 

Frid. 1 8. Was the Composition in Version french; where M r 
Nelson was all day ill till 4 afternoon And did pretty well. P. Hescot 
& M r Edward came from La Grifferie to fetch M r William. 

Sat. 19. I went to see M r Edw. & P. Hesketh; M r Farely came 
to see M r Nelson & read his Version & liked it. 

Sond. 20. M r Nelson went to see M r Browne & found M r Jos. 
Dun sick of the Small Pox. 

Mond. 21. I was to see M r Brown and M r Dun & we walk* w th 
M r Farely to the Blanchery. M r Nelson had Gripes. 

Tuesd. 22. This Morn he riss at 6 [being unwell]. And after 
complained of his head. It was a Conge. So he Stay d w u in in the 
Morne, onely went to repeat his Catechisme. In the Afternoon he 
was a Duck hunting w th my L d W., M r Dun, Ingram &c., but still 
complained of his head. He went to bed at 8 at night & Slept well. 

Wed. 23. In the Morne would go to Schole being well enough he 
said, tho I found his Pulse not right. And he came out from Masse 
(after Classe) because his head aked. I took him out in the Afternoon 
to Eire w th L d W. to divert, & the walk did him good & he Slept per 
fectly well this night ^ 

Thurs. 24. Was not Conge, because to Morrow being S k Lewis 
was celebrated at ye Colledge. 

Frid. 25. S Lewis, Conge. We were at M r Farely s who cele 
brated M. at ye College. And my L d & M r Farely came after to see 
him & heard him his Catechisms w th good Comendation. 

Sat. 26. Was wet. P. Hesketh & M r W m Gray came from La 
Grifferie. I visited M r Browne. 

Sond. 27. I was to Visit P. Hesketh, who told me the news of 
Lord Middleton being become a Cath. M r Nelson was well & much 
w th his Regent. 

Mond. 28. I rec d a Letter fro M r Harnach. This was the day for 
reciting the Catechism for the Prize. 3 Chap trs intire of Canisius ; w ch 
M 1 Nelson did performe very well ! 

Tuesd. 29. M r le Chevalier came presented us w Ul Placarts for 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 133 

ye Tragedy to morrow. M r Nelson began afternoon to complaine of 
his being griped ; and at Night of Violent headach ; so that he would 
not eat a Supper but went betimes to bed, & slept but indifferently. 

Wed- 30 Aug. The Annual Tragedie for ye Premiums of ye Classes. 
M r Nelson was very faint & sick at times but \v th out paine. At Noon 
we went to the Tragedy w ch was the Siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchod- 
onosar, w n Zedekiah was taken. (Our President s son was Nebuchad- 
onosor.) After the Play and Ballade, The Prizes in the Severall 
Classes were given (6 classes & ab fc 45 Prizes) M r Nelson s was the 4 th 
Class ; And there was 2 Prizes in Prose, 2 in Version & i in Catechism. 
And M r Nelson had the 2 first in Prose and Version ; &: the Unique 
Prize in Catechisme. A thing never known at La Fleche before, that 
one Person (much less an externe) should carry all the first Prizes of 
his Classe, & to say w* the French say d "c este une chose bien 
touchante." Upon w ch M r Nelson (& my Self) received many Com 
pliments & he is much admired & Enuyed; but after all he came 
home very ill ; & I gave him a little Bouilli of Wine & Water & put him 
to bed. 

Thursd. 31. Was Conge. And he was pretty well, but still so out 
of Order as I went with him to the Doctor who found his pulse 
somew* disordered, & he feared the Small Pox. Some Pustules began 
in his Face. 

Frid. Sept. i. The D r came in the Mom & ordered him a 
Cordiale Potion, w cb he took &: was very Well all day. 

Sat. 2. The D r came again & ordered him another Cordial 
Potion : but found his Pulse so Absolutely good as he begins to think 
tis the Worms disturb him. On the First of this Month Money was 
again abated the Lewis d or lost 5 Sous ; The Ecus 2 Sous and ye 
Petit pieces J a Liard. [This night was a great Thunder and Lightning 
w ch burnt Lyre Steeple. Added later. ,] 

Sond. 3. I writ to S r Henry & M rs Southwell, in one Letter. 
And to P. Thos. Hunter at Louvaine. The little red spots on M r 
Nelson s face seemed to gather to a head, so that it was judged the 
Verole volante & I would not let him take Physick next day as ye D r 
Intended. This even L d W. came & took his leave; going next morn 
to La Grifferie & Vendome for 10 days. It was concluded that he 
had the Small Pox. 

Mond. 4. The Pimples came more out ab* his body, so that I 
kept most w th in, but he had no Feavour. I visited M r Browne who 
was not well. 

Tnesd. 5. The D r came & gave him a dose of Orientan & he kept 
his bed most of the Morn, but slept Well & was Well : but still the 
pustules advanced, M r Brown came in the Even. 

Wed. 6. He continued finely Well but stirred not out nor down 
stayres till the heat of the day, but eat as others, but w tu out any raw 

Thursd. 7. The D r came in ye Morn & found him still well. All 
the Pox amounted to not above 35 of w ch 7 pretty large in his Face. 
I was to Visit M r Browne &c. & M r Greys & P. Hesketh visited us at 
Night on their return from the Grifferie. 

Frid. 8. Nativit B.V.M. I did my Devoirs at ye Madenlenites 


[sic]. I visited P. Heskcth. The D r said at his Visit y* ye Small Pox 
began to dry. I re cd a Letter fro S r Henry dated July 30. 

Sat. 9 Sept. M r Nelson s Pox began to dry & fall off his Face. 
M r Browne, P. Lynch & P. Kirwin were here to see him. 

Sond. 10. I writ to S r Hen. & (M r Nelson writ in mine) & M rs 
Southwell & sent both to her. I writ also to P. Plowden that I had 
sent two bils on him for 7 75!,. to P. Menard or Ordre, & M r Browne 
had sent for a Thousand on ye same. 

Mond. ii. I rec d a Letter fro S r Henry & one from M rs Southwell, 
this day M r Nelson took Physick. And so I hope all is done for the 
Small Pox. 

Tuesd. 12. I went after dinner to Visit the new come English 
Gent w cl1 calls himself S k George (Lord Sussex s brother).* This day 
L d W. came home fro his Journey to Vendome & we Visited him. 
He brought us a Silver drop that had toucht the Famous relique at 
Vendome. Une larme de N.S. w ch cures sore eyes. 

Wed. 13. We were visited by my L d W. & M r Farely obliged me 
to go with him & Visit M r S fc George who was gone to ye Tripot to M r 

Thursd. 14. Holy Rood. To-day the Vacancys of the lower Classe 
began, and end at S* Luke Oct. 18. In the Morn We did our 
Duty at ye Capuchins, >J, & saw ye P. Guardien. Mons. S fc George 
came to see us. I agreed to go to-morrow to La Grifferie. 

Frid. 15. We went to La Grifferie, a noble house of Mon sr de la 
Borde, seated in the Parish of Luche & built by ye Model of 
Versailles : but decaying since the death of ye Gent y* 1 built, he 
leaving his heir very young. Tis ab* 4 Leagues fro La Fleche seated 
on a hill by ye River Le Loyre. We arrived before dinner where we 
found P. Hesketh M r Ingram, the 2 Greys, the Governesse Ma dlle 

Sat. 1 6. We continued there & went out Shooting. 

Sond. 17. We continued there. 

Mond. 1 8. M r Farely, L d W. & his brother came to us ab 1 5 in 
the evening. 

Tuesd. 19. We spent a Shooting &: had good Sport. 

Wed. 20. We were a fishing there &: took many Carps. 

Thursd. 21. P. Antoinie, the Irish Recollect, came from Lud to 
See us, & went back in a terrible rayne. 

Frid. 22. Was very Wet. 

Sat. 23. Was Wet also; or else M r Browne, M r Farely & I had 
gone to Lud. 

Stind. 24. Was very wet all day. 

Mond. 25. We had horses come for us and L d W. (& M r Browne 
who went with me to the Milcnaie to Se after our money, where we 
were well treated by ye Pryor) ab* 5 We got home all Safe to La Fleche, 
*%*, but M r Nelson & L d W. by 3, where they dined at Mon sr 

sfc This will have been one of the two brothers of Thomas Leonard, I4th Baron 
Dacre " of the South." He succeeded in 1662, was created Earl of Sussex in 1674, 
and died in 1715, by which time his two brothers were also dead. (See 6 October, 
5 November.) 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 135 

Tuesd. 26 Sept. We were at home mostly. M r Browne sent to P. 
Hescot for ye Letter from P. Plowden of our moneys being payd. 

Wed. 27. M r Browne & I went to the Melinaye; to ye Pryor, w th 
a letter from Mons r Dorsey ; but he was at La Fleche ; and came to us 
after din r & promised to deposite the Money w th M r Caillet to-morrow. 

Thursd. 28. Mons r Montesson & his Lady came to Visit Madame 
Dorsey; & Saluted M r Nelson. I rec d 775 Livres of the Prieur of 
Melinaye (by M r Browne s hand) for w ch I gave him bills on P. 
Plowden Sept. 10 last. 

Frid. 29. M r Browne was not well last night, but to-day he seemed 
well, & we were to Visit M r S fc George M r Nelson Visited the Pro- 
cureur du Roy s son. 

Sat. 30. M r Nelson Visited M r Browne, and found him in bed 
not well. We went to Visit D r Galloy, and gave him his fee for 
tending M r Nelson in the S. Pox, then he &: I writ to M r Southwell in 
one Letter. 

October, Sond. i. We were at M r Browne in ye Morn. After M r 
Nelson did his devotions at ye Magdelines. 

Mond. 2. M r Browne shewed me Pellinard s acknowledgem* of 
ye receipt of our bills, ye President return d . 

Tuesd. 3. M r S fc George came to my Lord s while we were there. 
The Prieur de Melinaye came to me & I showed him Pellenard s Letter. 

Wed. 4. The Prieur de Melinaye took our bills from M 1 Caillot. 
M r Nelson yesterday & to-day was not very well, & had red spots on 
his hands but was w th out any pain, yet he eat no Meat at Supper. 

Thurs. 5. M r Nelson was well, but yet so as at Night he forbear 
eating Meat & fruit, having a kind of [indisposition] for 2 dayes. 

Frid. 6. P. Hesketh came fro La Grifferie & returned ye same 
day. M r W m Grey being not Well M r S* George Visited me, & found 
me at M r Browne s where I learned his Family Leon D acres, E. 
Sussex. We discoursed of Mr Chudley whom he saw at Grasse in 
Provance, where he has bought his habitation for life w th one Mons r 
de S* Benoit & of whom he gives a Sad Account. 

Sat. 7. I was with M r Farely walking, & met M r Browne by ye 
Bois de Giueri [sic]. I talkt with D r Gallois who said the red spots of 
M r Nelson s hand were of no moment. My L d & M r Preston came at 
Night to invite us to go to Gueselaer to meet M r Farmer Browne. 

Sund. 8. I was at ye Magdalines w th P. Lynch in ye Morn, & 
went to ye College till 10 in ye Morn, >^. After noon M r Browne & 
I Visited M r S k George w th M r Nelson. 

Mond. 9. We went to Visit at ye Colledge. I p d ye Taylor. I had 
a letter from M r Fra. Walgrave & fro M r Southwell. 

Tuesd. 10. We went w th L d W., M r Farely, M r Tho. Dun & M r 
Brown ; M r Farm r Browne &: M r Bourgeois for Angers. We visited 
the Chateau de Dourtalle, an Antient noble Seat of the Dukes de 
Rochefaucaut & Rochepine. Afterw d the Chateau de Verger belonging 
to the Prince de Guimene of the house of Rohan, a noble piece of 
Antient building of above 400 years standing. At night we Arrived at 
Angers, & lay at the Ours, Mon sr Cusson s. 

Wed. ii. We walk fc ab k the Towne. And M r Constable Visited 
L d W. at night. We Visited L d Melford his Lady. 


Thnrsd. 12 Oct. We went to ye Ardoiserie w ch was 140 feet deep 
a very great work. They send them by horse loads to Pont Ce, each 
horse 2 hundred, for 5 Sous & sell them a bt i6Z. per 1000 at ye Work. 
This Morn Lord Melford Visited us. At night we took leave of him, 
M r Constable & M r Waghcoup. M r Constable pensioned at Madame 
Moulan s where M r Nelson s uncle did ; & where Mad lle Pelletiere had 
been talking of him that day. Here we found M ra Ever s en Pension. 

Frid. 13. We went for Chateau Gontier, dined at Cree & arrived 
at Chateau Gontier at nere 7 where we took up at the Cheval Blanc. 
All the best Innes (as ye Ecu de France) being taken up by ye Inten- 
dant Mo 113 de who went next day for Angers. 

Sat. 14. We came from Chateau Gontier this Morn & in the Even 
to Sable. The weather Wet, so we could not Stir. 

Sund. 15. After dinner at Sable we went to Soulham and so by 
Night to La Fleche, >|. M r Brown not Well. 

Mond. 16. We Visited M r Gray &c. The President went for 

Tuesd. 17. M r Nelson was in his New Cloaths. Visited at the 
Colledge, M r S* George, M r Bousac, &rc. but he was ill at times all day 
& Vomited twice. I let him eat no Supper but a Chaudeau. 

Wed. 1 8. S e Luke. I writ to S r Henry & inclosed it to M r 
Arthur, as I did one to M r Edw. Bedingfeld w th an enclosed of Mad" 1 

Thurs. 19. The Classes began after M[ass] of ye H[oly] G[host]. 
Ab* 9 we went into ye Logique schole, and heard a discourse of ye 
Causes of Error. Afterwards into troisieme, where P. Fauchee made a 
fine Oration, how g l advantage may be made of Enemies rather y u 

Frid. 20. Was a Fine day. M r S* George came to see us. 

Sat. 21. I walk* w th M r Farmer Browne, Mons. Bourgeois, L d W. 
&c., to S* Colombe. M r Nelson Very Well, J, D r Gallois was to 
see us. 

Sund. 22. Was a wet day. Afterwards the Young Gent, were at 
Foot ball at Mad m Lavarine s. 

Mond. 23. M r Nelson composed for place. I walkt out but the 
rayne sent me soon home. M r Farely and M r Henry were here; 
whom I treated with Wine eK: Buisquit. 

Tuesd. 24. I bought M r Nelson a Drugget Coat for Winter 5 Aunes 
and at 485. per aune. I writ to Mad m Molans & enclosed one from 
M r Nelson for Mad lle Pelletier. 

Wed. 25. I was only out at my L ds & walkt out w th him after 
noon. P. Lynch & P. Kirwin visited us. 

Thursd. 26. I had a cold began with a Soreness in my throat. P. 
Hesketh visited us. 

Frid. 27. My L d W. M r Farmer M r Molineau visited us. 

Sat. 28. SS. Simon & Jude. We were afternoon at Verron. 

Sund. 29. We visited M r Grey s & afternoon walkt in the Park 
with them & P. Hesketh. 

Mond. 30. I was in the Even towards Eire to meet L d W. 

Tuesd. 31. M r Brown visited us. We were at Vespers at ye 
College; being a fast & afternoon Conge. 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 137 

Nov. i sf , Wed. All Saintes. The first sermon of P w ch was 

a Very good one. I writt to M re Southwell. M r Nelson did his Devo 
tions at ye Magdaleines. 

Thursd. 2. Conge. M r Nelson was a Shooting. 

Frid. 3. M r Browne was w th me much of ye Morne. I went w th 
him to Mon sr La Foss & I bought Wood. 

Scit. 4. I rec d a letter fro M r Harnage w ch came enclosed to M r 
Farmer from Lady Browne.* 

Sund. 5. I did my Devotions at ye Magdalines. I spoke to P. 
Hesketh to write to P. Plowden ab* M 1 8 Southwell s money w ch he had 
rec d for me. M r Nelson visited M r S* George who gave us some good 
Cyder New. 

Mond. 6. M r Farely & I walkt w th M r Browne. 

Tuesd. 7. M r Farely, M r Burgois, M r Preston & I walkt to Fon 
taine de Sar. 

Wed. 8. I writ to M r Harnage, & enclosed as he directed to M r 
Arthur ; my L d & M r Browne \valk fc out with me in the Even. 

Thurs. 9. Conge. Afternoon M r Nelson & M r Farmer were a 
Shooting at Bois de Givre. I was w th them. 

Frid. 10. At Day I was not Well, w th a pain in my back. At 3 in 
the Morn I was for ct to rise for ye Choliques. 

Sat. n. Was Conge. S Martin s. M r Farmer, M r Preston, M r 
Burgois, M r Nelson, & I were all ye Afternoon a Shooting towards the 
Fontaine de Sar. 

Sond. 12. I took some Syro of Buckthorne this day. We were 
altogether at ye Colledge & after in the fields. 

Mond. 13. I took some Syro of Buckthorne again this day. 

Tuesd. 14. I was onely with M r Farely. 

Wed. 15. I was w th M r Brown and Lord W. in ye Fields. 

Thursd. 16. M r Nelson s hayre I cut close at his request. After 
noon Conge. He took his Gun & we walkt with M r Farely & met P. 
Hesketh w th whom we talk* above an hour. 

Frid. 17. I had a letter from Nurse. The Danceing Master began 
after the Vacancy. 

Sat. 1 8. I writ to Sir Henry & enclosed it to M re Southwell. 

Sund. 19. A Wet Day. We were at Vespers at S k Tho s . M r 
Nelson was at Billards w th my L d till 6 at night. 

Mond. 20. My L d , M 1 Farmer, & M r Preston were at Chasse, & 
killed a great Wolf. I rec d a letter fro S r Henry one from M r Har 
nage, by M r Arthur enclosed. 

Tuesd. 21. I visited M r Browne, & was onely in M r Lavarins 

Wed. 22. I writ to M r Harnage, to Sir Henry and enclosed them 
to M r Arthur. Ye Prior de Melinaye dined here. M 1 Browne shewed 
me P. Plowden s abusive Letter. 

Thni S. 23. Conge . I visited only my L d and M r Browne. 

Frid. 24. I was with P. Recteur du College, to discourse him ab l 
M r Nelson learning Greek & he promised me to resolve about it in 
15 days. I walkt w th L d W. at M. Lavarins. 

* From this one suspects that there is some connection here between the Fcrmors 
of Tusmore and the Biownes, Baronets, of Kiddington, both of Oxfordshire. 


Sat. 25 Nov. Conge. My L d , M r Nelson & I were all day a 
Shooting at ye Malinays. 

Sund. 26. Was an Oration at ye Colledge by ye Master of 
Rhetoric, Quam utile sit invidid prosequi. To-day is Trinity Sunday 
in Anjou. It was a Wet day. 

Mond. 27. I had 2 Load of Billes come in from Deshayes at 6 
ye load. I payd him. I was at my L ds . 

Tuesd- 28. I visited ye Regent ab* M r Nelson s Greek. 

Wed. 29. The eve of S* Andrew & my Birthday. I did my Devo 
tions at ye Colledge. This day was a Malefactor hanged in this Towne, 
w cii hapnes but rarely. And his body being designed for an Anatomy, 
w n he was s d to be dead by the Executeur & ye Lieu* Criminel gone 
home ; the Chirujien cut him down ; & he was carried to ye Hospital : 
where being reported to have Life the Lieu 1 Criminel caused the Exec tr 
to Drag him on the ground back to ye Gallows & he Hung for 6 houres. 
Whereas One that was Hanged there 25 years ago, being cut down 
soon was carryed into ye Recollects & was recovered, & ye Intendant 
of ye Province being then in Towne & consulted, said he had suffered 
ye Law & would not have him executed again. And the man lived 
some years as servant to ye Recollects. 

Thursd. 30. M r Nelson had a letter by the Levee * fro S r Henry, 
dated Nov. 3. It was a very wet day 5 Andrews. P. P. Hesketh 
Lynch & P. Guardian Visited us. 

Dec. i. Frid. M r Nelson & I had letters from M rs Southwell. 
I walkt with L d W. & M r Farely on ye Conterscarp. 

Sat. 2. M r Farely & I walkt towards Craon to meet my Lord, 
who was a Shooting, but we mis 1 him. 

Sund. 3. We went to Visit P. P. Hesketh & Lynch in ye after 

Mond. 4. My L d was a hunting & kil d a Cerf, but we were not 
with him because a wet day, tho a Conge". We Visited M r Crosse 
M r Brown. 

Tuesd. 5. At night M r Nelson & I were invited to M r Brown to 
a Bowl of Punch, w th all my L ds Family & M r Perarre M r Browne 
having resolved the day before to quit La Fleche upon Reasons he 
told me. 

Wed. 6. 1 payed my Quarter due to the President this day. It 
was Conge for S* 1 Nicholas &: we supped at M r Browne s & took leave 
of him, he leaving La Fleche to-morrow for Saumur. I gave M r de 
Choisel a bill on P. Plowden for 275^ w ch he rec d of M r ,Lutton for 
me last Oct. being M rs Southwell cash. 

Thurs. 7. I saw M r Brown take horse. It was a most Terrible 
windy day. L d W. & M r Farely went with them to Bauge. 

Frid. 8. Concep* B. Vierge. M r Nelson did his Devotions at ye 
Filles Penitentes. Afternoon we were at a Sermon at S k Tho 3 preached 
by P. Bellangier. 

Sat, 9. A wet day. I was onely at M r Lavarines with L d W. 

Sund. 10. We were at S fc Tho 8 in ye Afternoon. M r Nelson had 
his head ach, and eat but a light Supper & went to Bed at 8 at night. 

$ Levt!e, i.e. the banks of the river. 

1702] MARWOOD S DIARY 139 

Mond. 1 1 Dec. He was Very Well, *%*. I wallet out with M r Pres 
ton & M r Farely and met w th L d W. who had been shooting but 
kil d nothing. 

Tuesd. 12. Was Conge a very wet Morn. This week the P. 
Recteur turned out 4 young P.P. amongst whom P. Maure a Gent 
of Qualite y* had been a Cap fc . I was in the afternoon to Visit P. 
Hesketh & Lynch, & then he told me ye Recteur w ld not suffer any 
present to be made to ye Regent. 

Wed. 13. I & M r Nelson writ to S r Henry, in ye same, & I writ 
to Nurse & enclosed both to M r Arthur. 

Thursd. 14. Conge. Afternoon M r Nelson was at my L ds at 
Billiards, Where he got a g* Cold. 

Frid. 15. M r Nelson cough fc in ye Night, so that I riss & gave 
him some sugar candie, & let him lye till 7, & w ld have had him 
kep* from Schole but he would not. In ye Even I walk* out w tk M r 

Sat. 1 6. His cold abated, *%. 

Sund. 17. He was very well till after Sermon, & then taken w th a 
Violent Head ach, but played at Billiards till night, then he Vomited 
twice and eat no Supper. I gave him a dose of Orientan & he step* 1 
well all night, J< 

Mond. 18. He was finely Well; & would rise & go to Schole 
tho I would have had him stay at home. This day M r Browne & his 
Govern 1 " M r Dod, & M r Belstole came to La Fleche. 

Tuesd. 19. We were invited to my L d W. to dinner with M r 
Browne, M r Dod, M r Bolstrode, &c. but we went not, for reasons. I 
was with M r Farely at ye College w th them. 

Wed. 20. M r Nelson s cold continued but w th out Consequence. 
M r Brown & M r Bulstrode Entered ye Colledge. 

Thursd. 21. S Thomas, not observed here as a Feast, only ye 
afternoon was Conge, M r Nelson, M r Brown L d W. &c. were all at the 
Artuisiere a Shooting. I had a Letter fro M rs Southwell. 

Friday 2 2. M r Nelson was at Classe tho his Cold continued. L d 
W. and I walkt to S* Columbe. News of the Duke of Albermarle s 

Sat. 23. I consulted D r Galloys for M r Nelson s cold because it 
still continued, but he made Nothing Yesterday Madame de 
Roche was delivered of a dead Son, after 8 dayes Travail and the 
Child baptised (a demi sorti) the day before. We went to see a Tygre, 
a Porcupine c. carryed the President &c. 

Sond. 24. We went to see M r Browne, M r Dod, M r Bolstrode, in 
the College & L d W. M r Nelson s cold continued to break away. He 
slept well all last night and therefore would Veille this Feast. So at 
night we visited P. Lynch & did our Devotions at S fc Thomas, w th 
L d W. &c., at 2 we were in bed where he slept well. 

Mond. 25. Noel. A very Wet day, I rec d a letter fro Sir Dan 
Arthur w th an inclus fro S r Henry & postscript of M r Edward. 

Tuesd. 26. M r Brown, M r Dod, M r Bolstrode, M r Sims & L d 

* Henry Fitzjames, second illegitimate son of James II. and Arabella Churchill, 
died at Bagnolles, 17-27 December, 1702. Marcjuis de Kuvigny, Jacobite Peerage^ 
1904, p. i. 


W. family made us a Visit after dinner. And we took a Walk with 
them & gave those of ye College a Goute at S* 1 Columbes. M r Nelson 
was finely Well of his cold. 

Wed. 2 7 Dec. S* John the Feast of the Principal, Pere Poirier, whither 
my L d W., being Invited, We went not to pay our Compliments till 
after dinner. Which gave him a most Sensible Confusion, And he pre 
tended the mistake lay at P. Hesketh s neglect, on whom he depended 
for ye Formality. I writ to S r Dan Arthur, S r Hen. & M r Edw. in 
one, and to M rs Southwell in that of M r Edw. I writ much ab fc L d W. 
at his request. We were afternoon w th all ye English at Eire till even. 
We met there the Aisne de Borde of the Grifferie who is Lieutenant du 
Roy cSr a Capt* of Horse. 

Thurs. 28. P. Hesketh gave us a breakfast w th the rest of ye Eng 
lish. There we found Mons r de Borde the cadet of La Grifferie. Salt 
is raysed 4 Livres the Minot, & money falls 5 Sous ye Lewis at New 
Year s day, & because of this The People came to the Bureau de Sel 
so fast, that yesterday and to-day ye Bureau sold for 10,000 Livres. 

Frid. 29. M r Nelson s cold almost gone, *J, I was only at L d W. 

Sat. 30. I was onely in the Even at M r Farely. 

Sond. 31. Was a terrible rayne all day. We were at ye Colledge 
&: after at my L ds . I writ to P. Hunter at Newport. 


The key to the comprehension of the third year at La Fleche is the 
academic triumph won at the close of the school year, which is recorded 
with such keen satisfaction by Marwood on the 2oth of August. The road 
to this success had been carefully laid before. On the 5th of January " Mr. 
Nelson " had been first imperator in the third class ; on the yth of February 
he took the first premium for Latin Verse ; on the 8th of June he had pro 
nounced a Latin poem with credit ; in July he got successfully through the 
prodigiously long hours for composition ; and on the 23rd and 27th of 
August he had recited some extraordinarily long lessons by heart without a 
fault or missing a word (sec also p. 159). 

Marwood had never relaxed in his care over the health and studies of his 
charge. He will not let him go to parties that may keep him up late, and 
nurses him through his ailments with unremitting vigilance. When the 
boy, suffering from overwork, walks in his sleep, or thinks he hears voices, 
Marwood dissembles in order to calm his mind (. . . & 3ist July). We notice 
also signs of adolescence in " Mr. Nelson." He will not always keep at 
home after his ailments, as Marwood wishes, but insists on going to school. 
On one occasion he "takes" Marwood s watch, and promises recompense 
when he shall come into his property ! The cautious tutor marks this 
with an extra sign in the margin. The boy of fourteen (as we shall soon 
see) was to come into the property much sooner than either of them 

Of other events alluded to, the most important of course was the progress 
of the war. There was indeed " talk of peace" in January, and a Te Dcum 
for the capture of Kehl in April, but the ill effects of war also were being 
acutely felt. There were uproars among the soldiers in February, and so 
much insecurity that Marwood dares not send for money, even a compara 
tively short distance, and " the Prohibition began to take effect." Still, there 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 141 

were plenty of fine shows. Regiments were forming, and a woman is dis 
covered enlisted as a man ; and there were reviews and march-pasts. The 
distress has not become acute yet. 

Of domestic events the most important was the departure of Lord 
Waldegrave (22nd March) and the death of Dame Margaret Paston, Lady 
Bedingfeld (the i6th February). There are not so many tours as last year, 
but the shorter expeditions and the games are if anything more frequent. 

Marwood s miscellaneous gleanings are as usual quaint and inter 
esting. Thus we hear of a pretentious mountebank in June, of a great 
storm (27th January), after which Marwood gets up a subscription in aid of 
the sufferers. On the 3Oth of June a pious lady begs for an odd, but not 
undeserving charity ; and there are also some mysteries " L. Pet. affaire,*^ 
14 January," and on the loth of February " ye affaire of Mr. Harn." 

Mon. Jan. i, 1703. M r Nelson s cold was almost gone. We were 
to Complines at the College. P. Guardian, my L d &c. & myself, M r S 1 
George, whom we found ill of a Cours de Ventre. The Post came not 
this day till one o clock next Morn, which was a thing not known of 6 
years. We were Complimented by several. 

Tuesd. 2. Was a Schole Day. M r Nelson was in Classe. We 
visited M r S fc George (M r Farely & I) & found him better. The 
Prince d Elboeuf was in Towne, a Weak person of body. L d W. & M r 
Farely visited us. To-day the dancing Master, de Pre, began since ye 
holy dayes. 

Wed. 3. I was onely with M r Farely & to Visit M r S l George. 

Thurs. 4. I rec d a letter fro Sir Dan. Arthur. Afternoon being 
Conge, M r Nelson, L d W. &c., were at Eire a Shooting. M r Ingram 
was to visit us. 

Frid. 5. Was a fine day. M r Fareley called on me in the morn &: 
we visited M 1 S fc George, whom we found better. I had a letter fro 
M r Harnage. This day M r Nelson was first Emperour in ye 3 rd 

Sat. 6. Jour des Roys. We were at ye College. M r Farely & I 
\v th P. Hesketh. 

Sund. 7. M r Nelson I were invited to sup with L d W. & M r 
Perair at M r Buissons guarden, to a Wild Duck he kild. 

Mond. 8. M r N. cold was almost gone. He went to Classe to 
day very well. I had a terrible Cold in my head, got by shaving it the 
Eve of les Roys. 

Tiiesd. 9. All day was Conge as an Etreine of P. Rector s. After 
noon M r Nelson was at Billards w tu M r Sims & M r Bulstrode. At 
Night he was at Mon sr de Ganeries w th a g k Companie. 

Wed. 10. I was onely at L d W. where visited him P. Bernard, a 
Recollect, who had been in England 10 months, & in that time Spoke 
good English, w ch he yet Retains after 9 years. 

Thurs. n. The ground was Covered w th Snow at 9 in ye Morne 
the first time this Winter. After dinner P. Lynch & P. Predicateur 
Bachelor came to visit us. M r Nelson went after a shooting w th M r 
Chevalier & in the Even, M r W m E d Grey & M r de Bode came to 
Visit M r Nelson who was not at Home. 

Frid. 12. I was to visit P. Hesketh, M r Brown M r Dod &c. M r 
Farely had rec d a letter from M r Browne ; & I would not consent to 
ye hazard of sending for the money, S r D. A. would have M r Browne 


pay me. To-night Mon sr Monplasscy had like to have been kil (l by the 

Sat. 13 Jan. Was a wet day. I was onely afternoon w th M r Farely. 

Sond. 14. I writ to M r Harnage, & in the same to Sir Henry ab 1 
L. Pet. affaire >|< We went with L d W. & M r Fermor to Visit Cur 
Gaignard the first time. We visited also M r S 1 George who was still 
indisposed of his Flux. 

Mond. 1 5. Ab* 4 this morn began a great Wind, w ch grew to a 
Tempest, as g* as I ever observed. It did a World of Damage in the 
Towne. It blew down the great Cross of the Cemitiere & a corner of 
ye Top of our House ; & a whole house in ye towne. I escaped a 
danger, a great brick falling with g fc Violence & at my very feet fro a 
Chimney as Supposed. About 12 at noon it rayned & the Winde 
abated somewhat \Added later, & the Earthquake began in Italy the 
day before]. 

Tuesd. 1 6. Was a fine day & people had the Leisure to observe ye 
Damage done to ye Towne w ch was thought to be the Value of 16 
hundred Livres. I was at M r S l George s & M r Farely invited me to 
dinner on Thursday but I refused it. 

Wed. 17. I was onely at L d W., M r Nelson well of his cold *J. 

Thursd. 18. We Visited Pere Predicateur Bachelot P. Guardian ; & 
then found the English PP. at L d W. at dinner, & we walkt out till 

Frid. 19. I re cd a Letter fro P. Car[thusian] Hunter. Afternoon 
was w th M r Dodd at Mo ns de Crochonier s Where he rec d his money 
& then went to ye J[esuit] Coll. 

Sat. 20. Was S* Sebastien Conge*. All the afternoon M r Nelson 
was w th M r Grey &c. I walkt out w th L d W. and M r Farely. 

Sond. 21. Was celebrated by ye Burgers in Armes, & a Feu de 
Joye before the Chateau, for the Advancement of ye Count de Tesse to 
a Mareschal of France. 

Mond. 22. I was onely at M r Farely s. Peace began to be 
talk* of. 

Tuesd. 23. M r Farely &: I walk* towards Chimino. 

Wed. 24. Dyed M. de May Rossoniere. M r S* George was to 
see M r Nelson & afterw d he M r Preston M r Dod & M r Bourgois & 
I walkt out. 

Thursd. 25. M r S* George came to desire me to go w th him to the 
Funerall of Mons 1 de Rossoniere, w ck I did, as did L d W. M r Farmer 
<S:c. Afternoon being Cong M r Nelson was at ye Colledge w th M r 
Gray &rc. He had a Letter fro an unknown hand desiring him to give 
ye enclosed to P. Fouche. 

Frid. 26. My L d W., M r Preston, M r Farely & I walkt in the 
Afternoon to the Guarrene de Sa, belonging to Marq. de Lavarins. A 
curious large wood of Taillis w th great alles of haute futaye. 

Sat. 27. I Visited P. Lynch in the Morn; & P. Guardien &: gave 
him 4 Crownes towards the repaires of the Great Winde, that M r Nelson, 
L d W. M r Preston & M r Farmer gave me. 

Sund. 28. P. Lynch told me the Regent could not be w th me on 
Tuesday next, as I desired, because he was to be at ye Rector s Feast. 
This Morn dyed in ye College a Young Pentionnaire of Bretaine in 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 143 

Logic, his name Charles Cossero an heire, s 1 to be Worth 30,000!,. 
per an., & a fils unique he dyed sodainly; & was opened & buryed all 
in the same day. 

Mond. 29 Jan. I had a letter fro M r Harnage & from S r Henry. 
M r Dod, M r Farely & I walkt to Craon. Mon sr de Vinotier borrowed 
M r Nelson s Cloaths for a Declamation to-morrow. 

Tuesd. 30. M r S fc George came to see M r Nelson & stayed w th us 
near an hour. Afternoon I was at my L d W. it being Conge, M r Browne, 
Sims & Bolstrode were there ; & P. Guardien had been to see us & 
found me there. This day the Mountebank M r Escot first came on 
his Stage, a blinde Man that gets a World of Money & pretends Wonders, 
This day at Church M r Nelson was taken w th a Fainting Fit, but was 
pretty well after & played all the afternoon, but he eat no Supper <Sc I 
gave him a good dose of Orientan at bed time & he slept well all Night. 

Wed. 31. M r Nelson Complained of his head so I let him stay from 
Schole. I writ to Sir Henry & M r Harnage in one about the Former 
Affaire & enclosed to M r Arthur. M r Nelson walkt to Craon. 

Feb. i, Thurs. My Lord & I were at Chasse towards Eire. We 
visited ye College. M r Nelson was pretty Well all day & slept well all 

Frid. 2. Candlemas Day it rayned. We visited at ye College the 
English. M r Nelson finely Well & Slept Well all Night, but Complained 
of his throat, so I made him tye on his Stocking about his neck. 

Sat. 3. Was a rayny day. M r Nelson was well in the Morn, but 
all about his nose & lips came out in red pimples. 

Sund. 4. M r Nelson continued well & he & I did our Devotions 
together at ye College. I writ to Sir Dan Arthur for 300!,. to M r 
Dorsey s order w ch he borrowed of me. 

Mond. 5. I had a letter fro Sir Henry Sir Dan. A. 

Tuesd. 6. I had D r Galloys to see M r Nelson who Suspected the 
Worms & ordered him a Tisane prepared of Roots of Mulberry Tree 
& gave me a rare Secret, as he seems to think it, for Stanching Blood. 

Wed. 7. M r Nelson had the First Praemium for Latin Verse, he 
took this day his Tisane Twice & was finely Well. 

Thursd. 8. My L d W., his brother Henry, M r Preston, PP. Lynch, 
Hesketh & Fouche all Dined with M r Nelson at a Dinner prepared by 
Mon 8 Mourin at the Place de Victories : & after a Walk PP. Lynch 
Fouche & M r Farely came to our Lodging & the young Gent went to 
See the blinde Mountebank M r L Escot. 

Frid. 9. M r Farely & M r Dod walkt in the Even with me. 

Sat. 10. Very Wet. I was at the Merch* Pascal when I bought 
some socks & handkerchers for M r Nelson & he returned a bill for 
M r Farely who then payed me 6ooL. he owed me. 

Sond. n. M r Nelson very well I writ to M r Edward in my L ds 
Letter by his permission. M r N. & I visited M r Fermor. 

Mond. 12. I had a Letter fro S r Dan Arthur. M r N. very well & 
I was onely at L d W. M r S fc George Visited us. 

Tuesd. 13. There was a Tragedie at ye College for ye Women 

Wed. 14. The Tragedie was for ye Men. Mo us Petard borrowed 
M r N. Cloaths We were there having Placarts brought us The Latino 


Tragedy was the Piety of Sons to their Father taken out of a true 
History of Japon. The French Drame was the Ingratitude of 2 Sons 
in Law to their Father, who had given them all he had : whom he 
handsomely cheated into their Duty. 

Thnrsd. 15 Feb. PP. Lynche & Fouche visited us in ye Morn. 
Afternoon was at Billiards w th L d W. 

Frid. 1 6. I had a Letter from M rs Southwell w th news of the Death 
of my Lady Bedingfeld who dyed the i* of Jan. *J< 

Sat. 17. My L d , M r Farely & I walkt out & drank a Goutee at 
Mad lle de Tuilleries & made a Shrove Tide meeting for next Monday 

Sond. 1 8. I writ to M ra Southwell & to M ra Eyre to console my 
Ladies Death We were onely at ye Coll. 

Mond. 19. We Sup* (L d W., M r Preston, M r Farely, M r Nelson & 
I) at Mad lle de Tuilleries. We were Well Treated. 

Tuesd. 20. Shrove Tuesday. We were invited to the College to 
see a private Tragedy at 10 at night but being late we went not. M r 
Charnet & Ma dme Boussac Sup* w th us. 

Wed. 21. We walkt out to Eire this Afternoon being a Faire Day 
& Conge. This night or next Morn I had an odd dream. 

Thurs. 22. Was a fine day We walked out towards Craon M <!c 
la Presidente was ill. Last night had liked to have been a g* Uproar 
between ye souldiers & the Pension". 

Frid. 23. I was onely at M r Exempts ye afternoon. 

Sat. 24. M r Dod, L d W., &c. walkt afternoon toward Melinaye. 

Sund. 25. M r Nelson & I visited all ye Gent at ye College. 

Mond. 26. M r Dod & L d W. walkt to Bire \v th me. M r Farely 
came at night to Visit M r Nelson. 

Tuesd. 27. Was Conge all day. M r Nelson was at Billiards w th 
M r Fermer, & I with L d W. & M r Farely. 

Wed. 28. Was a terrible Wet day M r Nelson in the Even was at 
the Coll. meditation. It snowed this night. 

Mars, i, Thursday. L d W. invited the English to a Collation 
this afternoon (where was M r Nelson) in order to take his leave. 
There were all ye Young ones, that did not fast, treated at a noble 
Collation. It was a Violent Cold & Windy day so they walkt not out 
after into ye fields. 

Frid. 2. I onely walkt out in ye Evening w th M r Farely. 

Sat. 3. I was informed M r Farm r was Dying. D r Galleys visited us. 

Sund. 4. M r Nelson &: I did our Devotions at ye Coll. M r 
Nelson was w th M r Fernier [sic] most of ye Even. 

Mond. 5. M r Nelson had a Letter adrest to him from P. Deslartes 
at Orleans to give an inclosed to P. Faucheux & a Pacquet from ye 
Messenger of Tours for ye Same. 

Tuesd. 6. A Conge & a fine day M r Dod, M r F., M r Farmer, 
M r Nelson & I walkt to Craon to meet my L d W. This day hapned a 
Quarrell among ye Souldiers quartered here. 

Wed. 7. I was not out but in ye Even w th M r F. 

Thursd. 8. Conge afternoon. M r Nelson was at L d W. where he 
broke his New Sword by accident. This Even the Intendant of Tours, 
M r Tergo, came to Towne. It hayled & Snowed. 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 145 

Frid. 9 March. Was a frost in ye Morn w th Snow. Mon sr Desprcs 
began to teach M r Nelson to Dance after his Cold. 

Sat. 10. P. du Melainay dined w th us in the evening. I Visited 
P. Hesketh, M r Dod &c. 

Sund. n. It was a sharp snow this morn. In the Even L d W. 
gave M r N. & I a Goutee at ye Lyon d Or. 

Mond. 12. I rec d a letter fro M rs Southwell with an inclosed from 
S r Henry & one from Nurse by S r Dan Arthur. 

Tuesd. 13. I measured M r Nelson s height standing w th out his 
Shoes & found him 5 English Feet & about 2 tenths of an Inch. This 
afternoon was a Drama at the College. The Prodigal child where M r 
Nelson, L d W. & M r Preston were invited. The Mountebank M r 
L Escot acted le Festin de Pierre to take his leave. 

Wed. 14. This day I writ to M rs Southwell & in hers inclosed one 
to S r Henry & one to Nurse Masterson & sent them open, dat. Hamb. 

Thurs. 15. I was w th L d W. & M r Nelson & M r Ferm r a Shooting 
in ye Afternoon it being Conge. 

Frid. 16. I had a letter fro M rs Southwell in \v h was one fro S r 
Hen. ab fc ye affaire of M r Harn. 

Sat. 17. I walkt out w th M r Dod & M r Farely to S fc Columba. 

Sund. 1 8. I writ to S r Hen., & enclosed to M ra Southwell. M r 
Nelson was w th my L d W. I walkt out \v th M r Bourgois, M r Dod, 
M r Farely towards Pouille". 

Mond. 19. I writ to S r Dan Arthur by M r Farely & sent him 2 
acquittances for ye ySaL. due to me ever since Dec. last of w ch he p d M r 
Dorsey 3ooL. & the rest I desire him to returne by ye Ferm rs Genralle 
to me. 

Tuesd. 20. We were to take leave of L d W., M r Browne &c., & 
P. Lynch & Kyrwin were there. Itrayned : put by his Journey for to 
Morrow. M r Preston would have had me have Answ d for his money, 
& I refused it. M r Dod did it. It was Conge all day. M r Nelson 
diverted with ye young Gent at Billiards. 

Wed. 21. It raynd ith Morn, & so prevented L d W. Journey 
towards La Trap. 

Thurs. 22. We accompanyed L d W. to Foultourt where we dined 
at ye Cressant, & returned home by 7 at night but M r Browne : Abbe 
Villebuile went to Guesilar & M r Exempt to Mans. At my returne I 
found a Letter fro M r Edw., M ra Marg* & M Frances w th two enclosed 
to their brother from M r Arthur. 

Frid. 23. I was afternoon at ye College w th P. Hesketh & M r Dod 
to enquire when M r Browne returned w ch he did that morn to ye College. 
Came ye Night before at 10 a Clock to M r Exempts. This day a Serjeant 
wounded a Soldier mortally, as is thought. 

Sat. 24. I was to see M r Exempts & M r Deshaye came w th Com 
pliments from my L d W. who left Mans at past 10, Friday morn, yet 
intended for La Trap that night. 

Sund. 25. I visited P. Lynch & M r Nelson was after sermon at 
ye College w th M r Gray. La Fete was transferred to Monday. 

Mond. 26. Was a Solemne Procession & Communion of the Con- 
greganists at ye College. M r Nelson walkt in ye Morn w th M r Fermer. 
I visited M r S f George. 



Tuesd. 27 March. I was visited by P. Bachelot & invited to ye 
Retrait on Saturday next. I walkt out towards ye Courbet alone. 

Wed. 28. I writ to M r Edw d : M rs Marg* & M Frances in one 
Sheet, & enclosed them to M rs Southwell then I walkt out to the 
Renard ; the Cure of Eunome, Mr. Marin, & supt there. 

Thnrs. 29. M r Nelson & I visited M r Fermer, & he spent ye 
Afternoon w th him at Billiards after a Walk. Tonight M r Fermer 
quitted M r Tuillier, for D r Caillet s, whither I also went. 

Frid. 30. I was onely out towards the Coteaux & at ye Exhortation 
at 5 o clock. 

Sat. 31. I began the Retrait at ye College w th ye Messieurs de la 
Ville (the first that ever was there) for 8 dayes executed by P. 

Sund. April i. Palme Sunday. M r Nelson went in ye Morne to 
ye Retraite where we had an Excellent discourse of Ye End for which 
Man was Created. Afternoon M r Nelson was w tu the Pension 1 " 8 . 

Mond. 2. We had Good Discourses of The Nature or* Malice of 
Sin, & a fine Method to hear Masse, &c. I was to See P. Hesketh. 

Tuesd. 3. We had a worthy Discours of Death &: at Night of 
Judgem 1 . I discours* P. Lynch. At noon I visited M r de Procardon, 
where was Mon sr L Avocate du Roy. 

Wed. 4. In the Afternoon began the Conge till after Easter. M r 
Nelson visited M r Fermer in his new habitation, & was w th him at ye 
Tenebres at S l Tho 3 . I went to ye College. 

Thiirsd. 5. I was in the after noon w th P. Lynch. I was at the 
High Masse at ye Coll. with ye President & M r Camet. The Bene 
diction du S.S. was not given at Night in ye Retraite, but ye hymn of 
ye Passion Sung. 

Frid. 6. Vendredi Saint, was most decently celebrated at ye 
College. In ye Morne we were not in ye Retraite. I rec d a Letter 
fro Sir Henry in one of M rs Southwell, and one from M r Farely w th an 
inclosed letter from L d W. to M r Nelson. 

Sat. 7. We were in the Morn at ye College. Afternoon in the 
Retraite, & afterwards M r Nelson & I were at the Penitentes, w th P. 
Lynch, where I made a sort of Gen. Conf.^ 

Sond. 8. Paques. M r Nelson & I did our Duty at S l Thos. I 
writ to M r Farely, & he to L d W. Today Te Deum was sung at ye 
Church & College for ye taking Kelle. 

Mond. 9. I had a letter fro M r Journo & one from S r Dan 
Arthur w th a Bill on M r Crochiniere de Marne for 482!,. 12. After 
noon PP. Hesketh & Faucheaux visited us, & walkt out with us & M r 
Fermer & M r Perar to S fc Columbe. M r Dod & M r Browne went to 

Tuesd. 10. I writ to Sir Henry, &: enclosed one to M 1 8 Southwell 
&: I writ also to S r Dan Arthur advice of the receipt of his bill. 
Visited M r Farmer. M r Nelson was at ye College. 

Wed. IT. PP. Hesketh & Lynch were to visit me. I was at ye 
College w th M r Nelson, but I found them with M r S fc George. 

Thurs. 12. We should have gone to Sable with P. Hesketh & 
M r Greys but we could get no horses. We were visited by M r Ingram, 
& walkt with him to Claremont to visit the Cure. 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 147 

Frid. April 13. M r Nelson was at Classe but seemed heavy with 
his Cold. 

Sat. 14. He had the headake all day, but so as that he was in 
Classe, but came home very ill, with a Cholique & after a kind of 
Fevre, wh. made me Apprehend an Ague went to bed ill, at 6 at night. 
After 2 houres sleep I gave him a little Orientan ; and he rested pretty 
well all night, near 4 in the Morn he was dry, & I gave a glass of 
Wine & water after w ch he rested. 

Sund. 15. I had D r Galloys who found him in good Order . . . 
but after he riss his head akt till he slept in his chair, & after that very 
well all day. The D r came at 6 at night & found him well, & would 
prescribe nothing till he saw further. We were visited by M r Perar 
M r Fermer & M r Bourgois. 

Mond. 1 6. M r Nelson well & in Classe, . I received his Sword 
from Paris & a letter fro S r Hen. and one fro M r Farely. 

Tuesd. 17. M r Nelson was well, and in Classe onely he continued 
to Cough. I visited M r Fermer & found there Mon 8 Perare. M r 
Bourgois & I walkt out. M r Dod & M r Browne returned fro 

Wed. 1 8. I writ to S r Henry & to M r Farely & to Madame 
Southwell. M r Nelson continued Well, *%*. 

Thurs. 19. Was Conge. We visited P. Lynch. Afternoon M r 
Brown & M r Nelson were Duck hunting. M r Browne was in the 
Morn to present us his These, for a Sabbatine. I was to visit M r 
Dod & M r Browne. 

Frid. 20. M r N. very well, *%. I was Morn & Even with P. 
Lynch. M r Chauvin came to pay me, but I was absent. 

Sat. 21. I was at M r Chauvin s, & he was in ye Country. Madame 
Eures past by from Angers to Paris & M r Nelson & I visited her at 
her Inne. We were at M r Fermors Defension. 

Sond. 22. M r Nelson was w th M r Fermor. M r Dod & I walkt 

Mond. 23. I visited P. Lynch & P. Hesketh. 

Tttesd. 24. I walkt with P. Lynch in the morning. M r Nelsons 
birth day we had a service at ye PP. Capuchines. P. Guardien came 
to visit us. 

Wed. 25. S Mark. We were in the Morn at ye Filles Penitentes 
& M r Nelson went to Dance with M r Fcrmour. Dyed the Lieut, du 
Roy s Mother, 76 year old, but Resolved not to dye. 

Thursd. 26. Conge all day. P. Lynch & Hesketh found me &: 
M r Nelson at ye Tripot & they came with me home & sate an hour. 

Frid. 27. I re cd a letter from M r Harnege. I visited M r 

Sat. 28. M r ffarmer visited M r N. & we walkt out to M r Caillets 

Sond. 29. I was w th M r Fermor s w th M r Nelson after Vespres. 

Mond. 30. I had a letter fro M r Farely. 

May, Tuesd. i. I was visited by D r Galloys, who advised me to 
give M r Nelson whey in the Morn by 5, & let him sleep after an hour 
or more. 

Wed. 2. M r Nelson began his whey in the Morn. I walkt after 


noon to ye Mill going to Eire", & saw them beat down Piles at ye 
Chaussee, w th an Engine cal d Le Turc. 

Thurs. 3 May. I went *%t Conge. M r Nelson was at ye College 
after noon & P. Lynch, Hesketh, & Fauche & M r Ingram & I walkt to 
Claremont. There was a Woman found listed for a Soldier in Mans 

Frid. 4. I received a Letter from Sir Henry & one from M 
Southwell ; I walkt in ye College Garden with P. Lynch. 

Sat. 5. I was onely in ye Even a walking alone. 

Sund. 6. I did my Devoir at ye Magdaleines. After noon M r N. 
was at ye Tennis Court w th M r Fermor. 

Mond. 7. I bought M r Nelson s summer suit. After noon I 
walked alone. I rec ed a Letter from M rs Eyres. 

Tuesd. 8. I visited P. Guardien & M r S 1 George who had been 
ill. I walkt to ye Tripot with M r N. 

Wed. 9. I writ to Sir Henry & enclosed to M rs Southwell. M r 
N. was onely in Classe. I walkt to the Bois de Givry. 

Thurs. 10. M r Nelson was all ye afternoon with M r Fermor & 
M r Archivirn. M r Dod, P. Lynch & Hesketh visited me. 

Frid. n. Was a wet day. I was not out but to visit M. Cosse & 
M r S 1 George both abroad. I had a Letter from M r Farely. 

Sat. 12. I was at ye first defension of Chevalier du Meaulne. 

Sund. 13. I writ to M r Farely. M r Fermor was here at Night. 

Mond. 14. I visited P. Lynch. There fell a g* hayle when we 
were in ye Park. 

Tuesd. 15. Was Conge all day. M r N. was after noon w th M r 
Fermor & M r Archivin at Billards, & I walkt w th M. Bourgois. 

Wed. 1 6. I writ to M 8 Dan Arthur to pay 150!,. at sight upon a 
bill I this day signed to the use of the President D ossey. 

Thurs. 17. Ascension Day. M r Nelson did his devoir at ye 
Magdaleines. Afternoon we were at ye College, & M r Dod walkt with 
me to N. Dame. 

Frid. 1 8. I had a Letter fro M r Th os Hunter at Louvaine. In 
the afternoon I visited P. Hesketh & M r Dod walkt w th me. 

Sat. 19. M r Bourgois & I walkt to Eire". 

Sond. 20. Mo ns Bourgois & I walkt to Verron whilst M r N. was 
at Billards with M r ffermer. 

Mond. 21. I had a Letter fro M r Farely & I writ to M r Brown 
at Saumur. Afternoon at ye College where P. Hesketh had a letter 

fro P. Plowden y* he had rec d for me of M rs Southwels money . 

M r Dod & I walkt out. 

Tuesd. 22. I was to see P. Lynch, walkt in ye Park w th M r 

Wed. 23. I writ to M r Farely to Pontoise. 

Thurs. 24. Conge. P. P. Lynch & Louarne came to see me & 
we walkt out all ye afternoon. M r Dodd came to see me & brought 
me a pound of Spanish Snuff. M r Nelson was invited w th M r Fermor 
to a Goutd w th M r Archivire. 

Frid. 25. I rec d the sum 4ooL. fro M r de Crochiniere de Marne. 
I rec d a letter from M 18 Southwell. 

Sat. 26. M r Nelson had Conge after noon, & was to visit at the 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 149 

College, & after Vespres went to the Tenniss Court. M r Fermour 
went for Richelieu & Saumur. 

Sond. 27 May. Whitsunday. I writ to M Southwell. I did my 
Devoir at ye Coll. de PP.J. M r N. was at ye Tripot after Vespres. 
I had a letter fro M" Southwell w th inclosed fro Sir Hen. 

Mond. 28. M r Nelson & I accompanied P. Hesketh M r W m & E d 
Grey & M r Bolstrode, P. L isle & Abbe Tillemont to Sable where we 
arrived by 10. Afternoon went to Sulhem. We saw the Pierrieres of 
Black Marble. 

Tuesd. 29. P. L isle & M r Bolstrode & M r VV m Grey & I went to 
see Bellebranche. The finest situation of a house of Bernardine 
Monks that I ever saw, entoured w th Stately fforests of Okes strait & 
high, of about 60 Foot in length, w th Noble Ponds ; the House capable 
of 40 Religieux. But in a Faction chose the Rector of the Jesuites of 
La Fleche their Abbot, & since that the Rector admits no New Ones, 
so there is onely 5 Fathers left, who have about 2$oL. each a year, & 
find their own Dyet and live like Abandonnes. And after their death 
the whole falls to ye Jesuites. The annual income is 24,000!,. per An. 
and the woods, if cut down, are worth 300,000^., for which they are 
onely obliged to maintain for Service of ye Church 6 Priests. I had a 
letter fro M r Dan Arthur at my Return to-night. 

Wed. 30. I visited L Abbe Tillemont * & P. de L isle, P. Hesketh 
& M r Dod. The Marquise Lavarin came to Towne. 

Thurs. 31. Conge. M r Nelson was at ye Tennis Court in ye 
Morn. After noon PP. Lynch & Fancheux visited us. And we walkt 
out & aft ds M r N. was at College. 

June, Frid. i. M r Fermer returned fro Richelieu <Sc Tours from 
whence Deshayes brought M r N. s waistcoat of Flowered Damas, & I 
visited M r Dod. Ye PROHIBITION began to take Effect This Day. 

Sat. 2. I visited M r Fermer who brought me recommendations 
fro M r Brown at Saumur. 

Sond. 3. I writ to Sir Dan Arthur ab* sending my letters &c. 
M r Nelson, M r Fermour, M r Bourgois & I after Sermon (where was 
Madame la Varane at ye College) where P. Bachelot before his 
Sermon, made a most Fulsome Compliment to her, upon her own 
Vertu and her Father s Aggrandisement. We went to wayt on her & 
ye young Marquis. M r Nelson afterw ds went to ye Tennis Court. 

Mond. 4. The Anniversary Service for Henri 4 was Solemnized 
this Morn, when they had Conge where was Madame de la Varane 
within the Rayl of the Altar, to whom the Predicateur P. Bachelot 
made a g k Addresse. I had a letter from M r Farely. 

Tues. 5. I writ to P. Plowden for ye 345^. he had rec d for me of 
M Southwell s money. M r Bourgois called me to walk after noon. 

Wed. 6. I writ to M rs Southwell & to Mad m Fettyplace a Compli 
ment on her Election. M r Nelson was almost all the afternoon being 
Conge with the Regent. M r Bourgois & I walkt in ye Park till 

Thurs. 7. Corpus Xti. I was not but at Church. M r Nelson 
mostly with his Regent. 

* Not the great historian, who had died five years before. 


Frid. 8 June. I paid one quarter to ye 6 Instant. To-day began 
the Affiches at ye Coll. where M r Nelson pronounced a Latin Poeme 
" Origo Lachrymarum " w th as much Grace & agreeable Action as the 
Oldest orator, tho it was the first time he spoke in Publique. 

Sat. 9. We were at the Affiches where M r Nelson was examined in 
Virgil, and a poem was recited upon Abraham sacrificans, :c. In 
Rhetorique was a Physitian Accused for Offering a Vow that the New 
Year might be to him Annus Quaestuosus, and he Defended himself in 
the Ciceronian Manner. 

Sund. 10. Were 3 Enigmas after Sermon. M r Fermer took M r 
N. & I to Supper. I writ to M r Farely. 

Mond. ii. M r Nelson & I visited P. Guardian, after noon we were 
visited by PP. Lynch & Louverne. I had a letter from Sir Dan 
Arthur &: M r Browne. 

Titesd. 12. I was at ye Coll. w th P. Hesketh & found M r Ed wd 
Grey in his Ague. After I walkt w th M r Bourgois. 

Wed. 13. I writ to M r Brown, and sent M r Fermor s letter to him. 
P. Lynch & Kervvin were to visit & I walkt out w th them towards Le 

Thurs. 14. Was Conge. M r Browne, M r Sims & M r Dod were to 
see M r Nelson & Mo mr Nieufuille came, and took him to Biilard. 

Frid. 15. I had a letter fro P. Plowden. M r Dod walkt w th me. 

Sat. 1 6. I was at Chimine w th M r Bourgois, where we Tasted 
Excellent Wine of 5 Feuilles, w ch shows the wine hereab ts if well 
looked to, is of Guarde & ye better. 

Sond. 17. W 7 e saw a handsome regiment of New Dragoons go out 
of ye towne that were raysed by . 

Mond. 1 8. I rec d a Letter fro M ra Southwell. After noon I visited 
M r Exempt, walkt out w th M r Bourgois. 

Tiiesd. 19. I walkt in ye Morn w th P. Lynch half an hour. After 
noon I writ to Sir H. & Liere. M r Nelson & I walkt out in ye Even 
to ye Renard. 

Wed. 20. Dined here Ye Prior of ye Melinay & ye Prior of 
Thouars. After noon PP. Lynch, Kerwin <!s: Louvern cal d me to 
walk, & M r Dod came to see me. 

Thursd. 21. Conge. M r Nelson was at Chasse at ye Prais de Sar, 
w th jyj r Fermour, M r Bourgois & I. 

Frid. 22. M r Nelson & I had letters fro L d Waldegrave. I was 
to see M r Dod. 

Sat. 23. Was wet & I was not abroad to walk. 

Sond. 24. S John s. M r Nelson & I visited ye Principale, & 
wisht him a happie Feast. M r Ingram came to see me & I walkt out 
with him. M r Nelson being at Billards w th M r Fermer. I writ to my 
L d Walg r . 

Mond. 25. I was onely at M r Bourgois who walkt out w th me. 

Tuesd. 26. I was w th M r Nelson at ye Preluno to see the muster 
of Mo ns Tolon s Regiment. Afterwards M r Nelson was w th M r 
Nieufuille. PP. Lynch, Louverne &c. came to see me, and M r Dod 
who walkt out with me. For this 5 or 6 weeks we have had raync 
almost every day, so that the Cure ordered a Nouvaine de Prieres for 
Fayre weather. 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 151 

Wed. 2 1 June. A most terrible wet day. M r N. writ to L d Waldegrave. 

Thursd. 28. M r Bourgois met me after noon & we walkt bey d S* 
Columbe where we heard the Charillon begin for the Death of Parris 
a good Old Gent, that had been Rector of ye College. 

Frid. 29. Was S Pierre. M r Nelson did his Duty at the College. 
Afternoon we were at ye Enterment of P. Parris & after M r N. 
diverted with the Pension. 

Sat. 30. The Procu r du Roy s daughter w th an Exemplary humilitee 
Quested fro door to door for a poor Prisonier, that being a Mending 
his hedges (he being a Miller) w th a faux in his hand, was Quarreled by 
another, & w th an unlucky blow kil d the other, & fled to Orleans ; his 
wife after 6 years falling in league w th another man, in order to marry 
him, resolved to betray her husband ; And did so, & then went 
away w th the other. But the Parliament of Paris thought it a Case 
worthy Mercy & he had the King s Pardon, but to pay the Fees 
of Office would cost 200 Livres, for w ch this gathering was made, he 
being an Inhabitant of the Resort of this Presidial. I walkt w th M. 

July, Sond. i. I did my Duty at the Coll. Chappell. The 
Weather continued Wet so as to Indanger a Famine. Publique 
Prayers were continued for fayre Weather. 

Mond. 2. I received a letter fro M r Harnage by M r Arthur it was 
a terrible wet day, it being the Visitation de la S te Vierge. I went after 
ye Procession to ye Convent of ye Visitation. 

Tuesd. 3. Was wet, but not so much, ye B.S. was Exposed at 8 at 
night to pray for faire weather. I visited P. Fauche <$: at night we 
walked an hour w th M r Fermor. 

Wed. 4. Was terrible wet again, so as to make floods. It rained 
every day for about 5 weeks scarce a whole day faire. I walkt out w th 
M r Bourgois beyond S* Colombe. There was a Neuvaine began yes 
terday at ye College for Faire Weather. 

Thurs. 5. Was still wet. PP. Hescot & Lynch were here & we 
walkt out to Madame Lavarin s Garden. M r Nelson was at ye Tripot 
& after w th M r Brown. 

Frid. 6. Wet. Today M r Nelson was First Imperator in Prose. 

Sat. 7. I was onely in the afternoon at Verron w th M r Bourgois. 

Sund. 8. Afternoon M r Nelson & M r Farmer & M r Bourgois & I 
walkt ab 11 an hour in ye Jes. Gardens. 

Mond. 9. I had a letter fro M r Farely. It began to be Fay r 

Tuesd. 10. I was at ye College w th P. Hesketh, M r Browne, M r 
Dod, &c. M. Lavarine s meadow was all drowned. 

Wed. n. M r Bourgois & I were abroad. At S 1 Germ, we saw the 
prettyest Grot made w th a fountaine set w th shells, naturall white Coral, 
Mineral Stones, Petrifyed Potisons, very curious. The Top Convex 
where was well drawn half the Celestial Globe, & at ye bottom a little 
circle of so much of the Terrestial at each side, 2 Shells of Sea Fish, 
w ch by an unseen pipe conveyed a whisper to your ear. There were 
right Oriental Pearl Shells, all very curious, w th Paintings. 

Thursd. 12. Conge. M r Bolstrode came to see M r Nelson & he 
went out w th him to Billyards. 


Frid. 13 July- I was onely at ye College, & invited to a These, but 
went not. 

Sat. 14. I was not abroad, but at ye Coll. w th M r N. 

Sund. 15. After sermon M r N. went to ye Thesis & M r Bourgois 
& I walkt ab* 1 an hour in ye Park. I writ to M r Farely. 

Mond. 1 6. I was at ye Coll. with P. Hesketh, who gave me a bill 
fro P. Plowden on P. Creton for 348Z. being what he had rec d fro M r 
Lutton of M rB Southwell s money in Aprill last. Afterw ds he shewed 
me a letter from P. Plowden ab* M r Bourgois ; I went after to M r 
Bourgois & we walkt out together near 2 houres. 

Tuesd. 17. PP. Hesketh, Lynch, & M r Bourgois came to see me, 
&: we walkt to ye Coteaux. 

Wed. 1 8. I rec d from P. Creton part of ye bill. I payd the 
Tayler for ye Robe de Chambre, & I visited M r S* George. This Even 
was a Serjant kild by his Companions & buryd in the hygh way. 

Thurs. 19. Conge. In the Morn M r Nelson was w th his Regent. 
Afternoon PP. Lynch, Kirwin & Louverne came to see me, & we 
walkt out towards the Melainday. M r Nelson was with M r Neuville. 

Frid. 20. I re cd a letter fro M Fettyplace & M 18 Southwell w th 
an enclosed for M r Nelson. I was at ye Coll. &c. 

Sat. 21. I walkt w th M r Bourgois to S 1 Colombe. 

Sond. 22. I was onely at ye Coll. & in ye Even walkt out with 
M r Dod. 

Mond. 23. In the Even M r Nelson & I went to bath the first time 
at the Blanchery. I rec d a letter from M r Farely w th a bill for 25oZ. he 
owed me on Mon r de Marne. 

Tuesd. 24. This Morn the Regim t of Mon s Tulson marched out of 
Town. I visited Mons. Chonin, who was Sick. I was w th P. Lovern 
in the Library. We bathed. 

Wed. 25. I writ to Sir Henry & enclosed to Sir Dan Arthur & 
M r Tymperly, to M r Farely, M r Brown. 

Thursd. 26. Conge. M r Nelson was afternoon w th M r Neuville. 
I was out ab 1 an hour w th M r Ingram who came to visit me (as did 
M r Bourgois). 

Frid. 27. M r Dod & I walkt out afternoon. 

Sat. 28. PP. Lynch & Kirwin came to visit me. I walkt out 
w th ]y[r Bourgois. And after I took M r Nelson to bath. 

Sond. 29. The Provot of Angers dined here. Afternoon M r Dod 
was with me & M r Nelson bathed at M rs Paradis Grot. 

Mond. 30. I was at Vespres at ye College, where I visited P. 
Hesketh, M r Dod. After Vespres M r Nelson was with the Regent 
& I walkt to S* Colombe w th M r Bourgois. P. Guardian was to 
see me. 

Tuesd. 31. M r Nelson & I did our devoir at ye College it being S* 
Ignatius Day. Afternoon M r Nelson being with his book in his hand 
alone in the Berceau after dinner, he told me that evening that he 
then heard a voice as he thought say, " M r Nelson, M r Nelson," w ch 
gave him a little Apprehension, but he past it over, as I did, when he 
told it to me. After Sermon I walkt at M. La Varanes, w th M r Dod &: 
M r Bourgois. M r Nelson was with M r Farmer. At night we Visited 
M r S* George. 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 153 

Aug. i, Wed. M r Bourgois came to Visit me afternoon &: we went 
to Chemino, where we drank a glass of wine of 5 feuilles of this Breu. 

Thursd. 2. Congee. M r S* George came to see us & invited us to 
eat some Mulberrys. M r Nelson was preparing for his Catechisme. 
PP. Lynch & Hesketh came to see us & we walkt in M r Lavarin s 
Garden & after went to Bath. 

Frid. 3. This day M r Nelson composed in Version Francaise for 
the Grand Pris, Shut up in the School from 7 & \ in ye Morn till 6 at 
Even. I was visited by M Gaudion for a Quete for ye Charmes. 
And I had a White Pigeon (w th speckled Wings) came into my Closet 
ab fc \ an hour past 9. And tho I walkt ab fc ye Room went out & came 
in againe several times 2 Windows &: the Door open ; it stayed quietly 
till I was called to Dinner, & there I still left it, having first called up 
One into the Chamber to see it percht on M r Nelson s last year s Prize. 
After I was gone it went away. Afternoon I went to M r Bourgois & 
then to M r Dod & P. Hesketh who read us Nobles Dialogue Entre 
le Po el le Danub/. M r S 1 George was again to see us. 

Sat. 4. It thundered & lightened in the Even. I walkt w th M. 
Bourgois at M. Lavarins, where we met P. Ange the Capuchin, & 
another w th whom we walkt long. 

Sund. 5. We Invited M. Foucheux & P. Lynch &c. to a Colla 
tion on Tuesday next at Chemino, where M r Fermor joined w th me & 
invited P. Benon P. Kerwin. I walkt w th M r Bourgois in the Park. 

Mond. 6. M. Bourgois & I walkt out in the Morn to Che- 

Tuesd. 7. I had a letter fro M r Temperly. To-day being Conge 
M r Nelson & M r Fermor treated their Regents and Confessors & P. 
Hesketh at Chimino at a very handsome dinner & supper brought from 
ye Towne by Morin to Madame Michels, where we stayed till \ an hour 
after 7 at Night. 

Wed. 8. Was the Composition in Greek, so M r N. study ed at 
home being wet in the afternoon, M r Bourgois & I went the Chemino 
to discharge the house &C. 

Thurs. 9. The Vielle of S Laurens. A terrible Wet & cold rayne. 

Frid. 10. S Laurens. I was onely at Vespres at S fc Tho 8 w th M r 
Nelson. PP. Lynch & Hesketh Visited us. 

Sat. ii. Afternoon I was w th M r Bourgois & Mon r Fesque at 
M ad Lavarines. 

Sond. 12. After sermon M r Nelson & M r Fermor went to ye 
Theses. I walkt w th M r Bourgois in ye Park. 

Mond. 13. Was M r Nelson s Composition in Verse, his Theme 
Lazarus resuscitalus on which he made 1 7 Verses. He was in Classe 
from 8 & in ye Morn till 6 at night. I visited M r S l George & walkt 
to S* Colornbe alone. 

Tuesd. 14. I was with Mons. Bourgois walking afternoon till 
Vespres, it was Conge afternoon for ye Assumption tomorrow. M r 
Nelson was w th M. S 1 George at ye College. 

Wed. 15. After Sermon M r Dod came & sat w th me till the Salue 
at 5 & . M r Nelson was w th M r Browne till then. After supper 
M r N. walkt out w th M r Du Can, & at 9 M r S fc George came to speak 
w th me ab l his Affairs. 


Thursd. 16 A Kg. Afternoon I visited P. Lynch, & then went to M r 
Fermor who treated me with Lemonade at Deshages. M r Bourgois & 
I walkt in M r Lavarin s till 5. (In the morn I visited M r S 4 George.) 
At night M r Farmer came, & presented M r Nelson, I & the President 
w th gt Thesis to be at his Defension tomorrow. 

Frid. 17. ... Today M r Fermer defended (w th 5 others & I was 
to hear him at 3 o clock. The Defensions held till past 5. M r Fermer 
did very well. Afterwards M r S* 1 George came to our house & drank a 
Glass of Wine. 

Sat. 18. A Wet Morn. Afternoon I walkt w th M. Bourgois to the 
Coteaux. M r Nelson was at Night colli for M r Neuville, who was 
to go to Morrow for Mans. 

Sond. 19. After Service M r Nelson was at ye Theses. I walkt in the 
Park w th M r Thibaut & M r Bourgois. Afterw d " I visited M r S fc George. 

Mond. 20. M r Nelson composed in Latine Prose for ye Premium, 
went into Classe at 7| in ye Morn & stayed there till almost 4. I was 
at Chimineauw th M. Bourgois. M r Sims defended to-day. 

Tuesd. 21. PP. Lynch & Kirwin came to see us. M r Nelson 
went after 2 to M r Browne returned at 6. I walkt with the Peres to ye 

Wed. 22. I was in the Even to see M r Edw. Grey who was sick 
of a Feavour & after leaving M r Dod, M r Bourgois, &: I walkt to the 
Coteaux. The Provincial came. 

Thurs. I rec d a letter from M r Browne at Saumur. I was at ye 
Provincial s Messe. After noon I was to see M r Edw. Grey who was 
better. M. Bourgois & I went to S fc Columbe s. M r Nelson recited 
his Catechisme without a fault. 

Frid. 24. Conge after noon for S Lewis Day to-morrow. After 
Vespres I was w th M r S t George to tell of L d Cardigan s death w ch M r 
Farely writ of to M r Bourgois. 

Sat. 25. S Lewis. I was at ye Recollects where I met M r 
Fermour &: M r Bourgois who was not very well. P. Paul preached at 
ye College. M r N. was at Repit 11 of ye Catech in the Morne. After 
Vespres M r Dod & I walkt at M. Lavarins. I saluted N. Regent in ye 
Park & P. Lynch & Lovern. 

Sond. 26. I was in ye Morn to visit M. Bourgois, who I found 
sick a bed of a Fevre. After Vespres M r Nelson was w th his Regent at 
repeating his Catechisme. I was onely to visit M r Bourgois & M r 
Dod. I found M r Brown also not well of a cold, for wh. he had Taken 
a Sweat. 

Mond. 27. M 1 Nelson repeated his Catechisme in Classe for ye 
Grand Prix. He repeated 4 Chaptres in Latine (w th out missing one 
word) both Questions & Answers. I walkt 2 houres this morn in the 
Park \v th P. Lynch &: then went to see P. Bourgois, whom I found up 
& better. After noon I visited M r Edw. Grey whom I found much 
better, up. I saw M r Ingram P. Hesketh. Afterw ds visited M. 
Bourgois, & then came home & was visited by ye P. Guardian. 

Tuesd. 28. I visited M. Bourgois who had his Ague all night. 
We were visited by M r Browne & M r Grey w th Placards for the Tragedy 
tomorrow & PP. Lynch & Hesketh were to see me. Madamoiselle 
Shupot and young Dela Bode dined here from la Grifferie. 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 155 

Wed. Aug. 29. Was at the GRAND TRAGEDY for the prizes of the 
classes. The Action was " Antiochus Punished for his Sacrilege" 
After the Action the Prizes were distributed. M r Nelson was in the 
3 rd Classe where were 5 Exercises, i Catechisme where was but one 
Prize. French Version where was 2 Prizes. Greek Version where 
was 2 Prizes (but M r Nelson learns not Greek.) Latine Prose where 
was 2 Prizes. Latine Verses where was 2 Prizes. So that M r Nelson 
had 4 Exercises, Catechisme, French Version, Latine Prose & Latine 
Verse. And to the Admiration of all ye Assembly, he had the First 
of Catechism Latine Prose, & Latin Verse & for French Version he 
was equall to M r Grey, so they drew lots on the Theatre for the Second 
Prize & M r Nelson carryed it. So that to his hon r he had 4 Prizes. 
And was Complimented there upon, by all ye best of ye Towne. 
Afterwards I visited M r Bourgeois who I found finely well. And then 
I went to thank the President Lile who came to Congratulate M r 

Thnrsd. 30. M r Nelson was visited by M r Fermo r in the Morn to 
Congratulate him. I visited M. Bourgois who had been ill all night. 
After noon visited M r Nelson, PP. Lynch Kyrwin, Loverne, w th whom 
I walk* to La Tronchiere to visit M r S* George. M r Nelson was at ye 
Procureur du Roys Country house invited to go w th the Chevalier, w th 
whom I sent his Repititor ; by the way he was Saluted by R.P. Pro 
vincial on his g* Acquisition the day before, who took much notice 
of him at the Theatre. This evening ye Sun was observed to be of a 
Strange Colour. 

Frid. 31. I was at the College w th P. Hesketh & M r Dod. In 
the Evening we visited the Rector & the Pere Provinciall Mons r 
Baudron & the Prefect of the Studies P. Caniart. I had a letter fro 
M r Farely & I writ to M r Browne at Saumur. 

Sept. Sat. i. I was to see M r Bourgeois who had his Feavour 
violently last night. 

Sond. 2. I writ to Sir Hen. & M r Edw. in one & sent them to M r 
Dan Arthur, to M rs Southwell, to M r Farely to P. George Hunter. 
Carthusian & to M r T. Hunter Dominican and F. Tymperly. Today 
M r Nelson & I did our duty at ye College being the Anniversary of ye 
Dedicace. This day M r Farmer & I visited P. Guardien to desire 
him to see Mons. Bourgeois being ill of the Pourpre feavour. I visited 
P. Faucheaux & M r S fc George. 

Mond. 3. M r Nelson made a visit in the Morn to ye Provincial to 
whom he made this Compliment, " Mon. R. Pere, quoy que J aye 
remporte des prix en Latine et en Francois & que votre R. m en ayez 
complimente, Je sais bien que Je n aye encore Assez de 1 un ny de 
1 autre pour dire a V.R ce le Respet &: la Veneration que J aye pour 
elle." M r Nelson had a Lewis d or out of his Six Lewis. 

Tuesd. 4. M r Nelson, PP. Lynch, Ecuyer, M r Fermer & my self 
went to Saumur (P. Lynch was invited by M. Nelson Ecuyer was 
his companion) we went out ab fc 7 & breakfasted at Beauge c\: dined at 
Longue, where we found P. Hesketh & the 2 Greys, and P. Lysle & ye 
Abbe Tyremont & dined together. Arrived at ye Even at ye 3 Roys 
at Saumur. 

Wed. 5. We visited M r Browne at Mons. Boilleaux where we were 


invited to dinner, but refused it. After noon we went to see ye Stones 
placed as on Salisbury plain of w ch no body can give Ace*. There are 
severall Vast Stones set up on end for ye sides, and others layd across 
for a kind of Roof one of w ch is 10 yards Square, & 2 foot thick 
making 1800 foot. Then we went to the Abbe S l Florent. We saw 
an Irish Recollect there, P. Lurgan. 

Thurs. 6 Sept. We dined with M r Brown ; and after he, PP. Lurgan, 
Lynch & Ecuyer went to See ye Caves cut in the Rock, where are 
many families, [which] live under Ground, like almost ye Catacombes 
at Rome. This day P. Hesketh went for Rochel. 

Fricl. 7. Ab* 8 in ye Morn we left Saumur & arrived at Bauge 
after one, we dined at ye Croix Vert & stayed there till 5 & arrived 
at La Fleche before 8, where I visited M r Bourgois & found him 
finely well. 

Sat. 8. Nativitas B.M. we heard the last Sermon of P. Bachelot. 
I visited M r Ingram who was sick of an Ague & saw M r S l George. 

Sund. 9. We were visited by P. Lynch & F. Dolan. I was at 
Vespres & S* Thomas & Visited M r Ingram whom I found very ill. 

Mond. 10. I writ to M r Browne at Saumur. M r Fermor went to 
ye Grifferie this Morn. I visited M r Bourgeois & found him pretty 
well. After noon PP. Faucheux, Lynch & Lovern were to visit us. I 
had a letter fro S r Henry in M rs Southwel s & one from M r Farely. 

Tues. ii. P. Lynch & I walk* in ye Park in ye Morn. After 
Noon he &r P. Louerne came to See me. At 5 M r S 4 George, ye 
President & I went to S* Andre to Mon sr Richeu to taste Wine, & y l 
he would buy. I visited Mon r Bourgois who was still sick of his Feavor. 

Wed. 12. I was onely to See M r Bourgois twice who had his Ague 
last night & at M r S fc George s who had been to see me. 

Thurs. 13. We went to the Griffery to See M r Fermor & M r 
Pietar. We set out ab* 7, the Morn was fair; but it rayned good part 
of our way thither. We arrived ab* 10, and Stayed till 3 & |. And 
Arrived at La Fleche at 6 & \ Well *%*. And the P. of ye Grifferies 
came w th us. 

Frid. 14. I was to Visit M. Bourgeois, M r S 1 George, M r Ingram. 
And after noon PP. Linch & Louerne Visited me. And we went to 
S* Columbe where was a g* Devotion being Exaltatio Crucis. M r Du 
Nom & his Epouse came at Night. 

Sat. 15. I walkt at the Park in ye Morn w th P. Lynch; after noon 
M r Bourgeois came to see me, and we walkt in ye Park and found P. 

Sund. 1 6. I writ to S r Henry (& enclosed to M r Arthur) & M r 
Edw. in One. To M rs Southwell, to my Lord Waldegrave in which 
M r Nelson writ & to M r Farely. We visited M r Charriet, M r S l 
George, M r Bourgeois; Mon 8r Du Nom and his Epouse went away 
after Dinner w th the Mother. 

Mond. 17. M r Bourgeois went to La Grifferie. I walkt w th M r S* 
George to the Coateaux in his way to La Tronchiere. I had a letter 
fro Mr Browne. 

Tuesd. 1 8. M r Nelson s Classe had their Conge till the 18 Octob r 
being S fc Luke s day. P. Bachelote came to visit us. I walkt alone to 
ye Coteaux. 

M I -4 ? 

.^ "y c ~j $ 

1. t _ ~ V ** ^ 

1703] MARWOOD S DIARY 157 

Wed. 19 Sept. I was to take my leave of P. Bachelote. Afternoon, 
M r Nelson, ye Chevalier & I went to La Tronchiere to Visit M r S* 

Thursd. 20. I visited P. Faucheux, P. Lynch & P. Creton in ye 
Morn. Afternoon M r Nelson & I walkt in Chimino, & in ye way saw 
ye Avocat du Roy, & Visited M r Cosse. 

Frid. 21. S Matthew. I had a Letter fro M r Farely & I writ to 
M r Browne at Saumur. After Vespres, M r Nelson & I went to 

Sat. 22. M r Nelson, M r Ingram & I walkt in the Even, towards 
Clairmont to meet M r Fermor, but he came not, but M r Bourgois had 
his Feavour at return. 

Sond. 23. I writ to M r Farely & returned L d W. s letter w ch he 
sent me to see. I visited M r Fermor & M r Bourgois. M r Nelson & 
I did our Duty at ye PP S . I visited P. Lynch & gave him my purse 
in a box with my name. I borrowed of Tayler Deshays 10 Lewis d Or. 
We visited P. Guardian. 

Mond. 24. M r Nelson, M r Ingram & I set out ab fc 7 in the Morn 
for Rochel. *j 

On inside of Cover of the Diary. 
Measured M r Nelson & he was 

June 13, 1700 4 Foot 5 Inches. 
Nov. 8, 1700 4 Foot 8 & -}. 
March 19, 1701 4 Foot 10 Inch \. 
March 13, 1703 5 Foot \ Inch. 
Jan. 2, 1704 5 Foot 2 Inches & I. 
March 2, 1705 5 Foot 6 inches. 

With the 24th September 1703 the MS. ends, and it is clear that the 
journal was continued in some other manuscript now lost. The title of the 
prize received for Latin verse on the first of September 1704 shows that 
"Mr. Nelson" was still at La Fleche at that date, and was then in the 
second class, and the entries of the height of the Esquire plainly suggest 
that the journal was continued for at least eighteen months longer, till 1705. 
If so, the probability is that he stayed on at La Fleche till the end of his 
school course, though he succeeded, on the death of his father, to the 
baronetcy on I4th September 1704. 

The inscription on the prize book, reproduced in facsimile, is interesting 
for several reasons. It is one of a series of five still at Oxburgh. 

Specially noteworthy is the trace of paper pasted round the edge. This 
is really the fly-leaf of the volume, which has been pasted down round the 
edge, so as to conceal the inscription on the inside of the cover. This was 
presumably done in order to conceal its nature while it was passing the 
English custom-house. For it must always be remembered that Catholic 
education, however excellent, was an offence against the then laws of 
England, punishable with overwhelming penalties. 

Medical Details in Marwood s Diary. It will have been noticed that 
Marwood was extremely fond of medical details. He takes a professional 
interest in seeing a man trepanned, sometimes prescribes for others not 
under his care, and occasionally debates the doctor s decisions or even 


carries out his own plans against the physician s orders. In his almost 
maternal care for his charge he has noted every ailment, every remedy, every 
effect of those remedies. The consequence is that he has sometimes gone 
into details, especially in regard to aperient medicines, which it would not 
have been fair to print, as he wrote them, mixed up with other details of 
school, family, and piety. He would himself have been disgusted with such 
a proposal. They should either be neglected altogether, or printed 
separately. I have therefore without hesitation omitted them from the 
text, and I am further of opinion that they are not worth printing 
separately, though with text now in print, it will be easy to trace from 
the MS. the results of the various drugs, the administration of which is 
regularly noted. 



The identification of the persons and places mentioned by Marwood in 
this part of his journal has proved, in the absence of an antiquarian friend on 
the spot, to be a task of considerable difficulty. A certain amount of informa 
tion, however, has come to hand, some of it since the journal was in type. 

The town of La Fleche itself has had a long and important history. 
Its great lords played important parts in the wars of mediaeval times, and 
many are the records, chronicles, and histories which have preserved their 
memories. For us the most notable will be Henry II. and Richard Coeur- 
de-Lion, the Seventh and Eighth Seigneurs de La Fleche, who were also 
Kings of England. 

Henry II. s rule there is not without its interest for our subject. It was 
he who founded the Priory of La Melinais, which Marwood so frequently 
mentions, though he nowhere alludes to the object for which it was 
originally built. Legend has it that the king was hunting there, after the 
murder of St. Thomas Beckett, and fell in with a hermit, named Regnault, 
who spoke to his Majesty with such good effect, that Henry promised to 
establish a house of Augustinian Canons on the spot to atone for his crime. 
Whatever may be the truth of the story, the fact of the foundation by Henry 
is not doubtful (Pesche, Dictionnaire de la Sarthe, iv. 73). 

The Reformed Canons, whom Marwood knew there, were styled 
" Genovefains," and this explains his calling the place "a priory of St. 
Genevefe." The main part of the income of the house, which had dwindled 
during the wars of religion, had long since been assigned to the royal 
college at La Fleche (cf. pp. 113, 115, 116, 120, 152, &c). 

Coming to the history of the College, it is interesting to note the reason 
of Henri IV. for selecting La Fleche as the site of his foundation. He had 
been its twenty-first " Seigneur," and it was only a chance that he was not 
born in the town, as his parents had lived there after their marriage until a 
month or so before his birth. The ancestral chateau was incorporated 
in the College buildings, and, as has been said, his heart was buried there by 
his special orders, as was that of his queen (p. 94). At the time of the 
Revolution the treasures, which he and his successors had lavished on this 
great institution, were scattered, and the heart of the great king was publicly 
burnt by Representant Thirion in 1793.* ^ u t the horror of that act did not 
pass quite unpunished. The rising in La Venclde which ensued, rescued La 
Fleche for a short moment from Republican violence. But with the defeat 
at Le Mans soon afterwards, the Vendean cause was lost, and La Fleche fell 
again into the hands of the Revolutionists. It was some time before the 

* The cinders, however, were gathered up, and restored to the College in 1814. 


College was reorganised, but by the year 1808 it was again a military college, 
having been devoted to that purpose after the suppression of the Jesuits in 
France in 1 762 (A. Lepelletier de la Sarthe, Histoire complete dc la Province 
du Maine, 1861). 

Another memory interesting to English people may be mentioned here. 
David Hume about the year 1732 retired to France for change of air and 
the opportunity of study, and was recommended, it is said by Jean-Jacques 
Rousseau, to go to La Fleche, whither in fact he did betake himself about 
the year 1735. He lived there, at a spot called Yvandeau, and daily visited 
the Library of the Jesuit College (p. 152) to study, and it is said that he was 
fond of disputing with the Padres. However this may have been, the result 
was hardly what they would have desired, for he returned to England in 
1737, and there published his very sceptical Treatise on Human Nature 
(Charles de Montzey, Histoire de La Fleche et de ses Seigneurs, 1877, 
ii. 155). 

The last-quoted author agrees with all others, whom I have seen, in 
saying that, at the time of Marwood s residence, the College was in the 
happy condition of having no history. Everything was working regularly.* 
There do not appear to have been any remarkable geniuses either among the 
scholars or among their teachers ; though the standard both of scholarship 
and discipline was high. 

The scholars had at one time numbered as many as 1000 externs, as 
well as 300 pensionnaires. The number of the latter kept up, but as schools 
were opened in neighbouring towns the day-scholars fell off, until at the end 
of the Jesuit regime in 1762 they numbered only 250 (Montzey, p. 150). 

Of the College discipline and education by far the best account is that 
given by Pere Camille de Rochemonteix \Le College Henri IV. de La 
Fleche, 4 vols., 1889). But few points can be touched upon here. The 
first volume gives the history of the foundation in 1608, and does not 
touch our period. An illustration, however, is given of a " Mausoleum," 
erected in honour of Henri IV., such as Marwood saw on the feast of "the 
Uedicace," the fourth of June, 1701 (p. 104). There are also valuable plans 
and elevations of the College buildings. We find, moreover, various 
familiar place-names Luche, le Mdlinais, Bellebranche, Suet where the 
P.P.J., as Marwood calls them, had farms or vineyards, or a house of 
retreat, of which some account is given. In the second volume the more 
interesting features for us are an account of the discipline kept over the 
externs (pp. 79-103), and the Ordonnances de Police of 1625 (p. 91), which 
regulate a number of points lodgings, drink, wearing arms, selling books 
and clothes, &c. &c. The various municipal officials of whom Marwood 
speaks, had their share in maintaining order in the streets and suburbs. At 
the end of this volume come the minute school accounts of M. d Ourville 
from 1755 to 1762, the annual cost being nearly 3000 livres. It is curious 
to find at the commencement a table registering the boy s growth, drafted 
just as Marwood has drawn up his. 

The third volume treats of the studies of Latin and French, and 
describes the elaborate system of examinations and prizes. Almost every 
scholastic term and exercises mentioned by Marwood the premium, 
ascendat, Sabatine, theses, defensions, &c. may be illustrated by the ex 
planations offered here (pp. 1-131). Latin and French plays are also 
discussed, and the growing frequency of the latter is shown to be a 
matter of some importance. French had lately begun to oust Latin from 
its old pride of place as the only language of culture. But the Jesuits had 

* The only lapse of discipline, which one notices in Marwood s pages, is but 
a small one, the passing in of notes to the Jesuit masters through the hands of 
Master Henry (25th January and 5th March 1703), in one case from a Jesuit. Of 
course they ought to have gone in through the post. One sees incidentally how 
well the English lx>y was trusted. 


been a little behindhand in the new movement, and were now making an 
effort to get into line with their competitors. The importance attached 
to French may perhaps explain why Mr. Nelson was not taught Greek, 
though Marwood would have preferred him to have been. In the Appendix 
to this volume (pp. 271-275) the argument is given in full of the tragedy 
Sigismond, at which Marwood assisted on the 2Qth of August 1701, though 
with his usual laxity of spelling he calls it Sigerie. Of the " Interact" Le 
Poetc, an analysis is given, as well as the full cast of Dramatis Personas 
and actors for both performances. We also learn (p. 220) that the composer 
of the play Filius Prodigus, acted in August 1703, was Pere du Cerceau (on 
whose plays see Sommervogel, ii. pp. 967-981). 

The fourth volume describes the theological studies, the distributions 
of prizes, vacations and voyages. Such journeys as our party made from 
time to time were also made by other boys of their own rank, and in the 
Appendix (pp. 414, &c.) an original account is printed, written by one of 
the pensionnaires, Mons. de Herbais de la Hamayde, who travelled on the 
2oth of April and the ist of September 1699, to Richelieu and Bretagne 
respectively. In his company there were three other pensionnaires, and they 
went under the guidance of a Jesuit, Pere Dechamp, who was on the first 
occasion accompanied by Pere Delmas, on the second by Pere Delfosse of 
Tournaye. His story is written with great spirit, and shows that they all 
enjoyed themselves thoroughly. They did not take exactly the same routes 
that our party did, though the two stories illustrate each other admirably. 

I may add that Father de Rochemonteix, in spite of all his care in 
collecting, does not seem to have found any single record which gives so 
complete an account of life at La Fleche as is contained in Marwood s 

Of the Frenchmen of note with whom our party fell in, I have, as the 
reader has seen, been able to identify but few. With localities I have been 
but little more fortunate. This is partly due to Marwood s random spelling.* 
He no doubt generally heard the names spoken, and put them down 
later on. Thus we find the Abbey of Solesme appears as " Sairnclaism" 
(p. 106), "Soulhem" (p. 135), and "Sulhem" (p. 149). Other spots he 
mentions are top small to recognise now, like Le Tripot, which was, I 
presume, some inn or pleasure-garden. Some place where the Esquire 
shot his first hare, will have been retired woods, or fields, like Cruzon, 
whose names are not set down on the maps accessible to me. Never 
theless, by the aid of the Carte topographique de la France, issued by the 
Ministere de la Guerre in 1832, sheets 92 and 103, at a scale which more or 
less corresponds with our one mile to an inch, the majority of the place 
names have been identified, and may be seen on the sketch-map which 
is here added. Besides Pesche, Dictionnaire de la Sarthe, already quoted, 
much concise and useful information will be found in Francois R. F. Marchant 
de Burbure, Essais Historiques sur la Ville et le College de la Fleche, Angers, 
1803 ; Alme Lepelletier, Histoire complete de la province du Maine, Paris, 
1861. P. E. Baron du Casse, Le Pantheon Fttchois, Pont-a-Mousson, 1883, 
treats mainly of the later Military Academy. Jules Clere, Histoire de 
Pe cole de la Fleche, La Fleche, 1853. All these volumes are in the British 

* The Marquis Eguilles has kindly pointed out to me, since the preceding pages 
were printed off, that I have mistaken the name of the drug "Orvietan" or Venice 
treacle. Marwood doubtless wrote Oruientan, which would be indistinguishable in 
his hand from Orinetan, and would often look like Orientan. The drug is named 
from Contugi of Orvieto, its inventor. 



Born, 1689; succeeded, 1704; died, 1760 


No personal memoirs of this baronet have reached us except the record of 
his brilliant school course kept by Manvood. In the British Museum, 
however, a considerable number of his letters have happily survived. 

The first two letters are more curious than important. On the i8th of 
June 1735, he writes to Lord Strafford to say that, " If this sort of snuff 
pleases your Lordship, I should be very proud of your Lordship s 
Commands to enquire for more of it." The next, dated at Oxburgh, 
8th August 1735, announces that he " has now received one pound of 
Portugal snuff, which he has ordered to be left at his Lordship s house." 

These letters are found among the Additional Manuscripts, vol. 22,221, 
ff. 158, 160. They indicate, I believe, that the Bedingfelds were interested 
in the merchant ventures abroad.* 

Thus on the I7th of February 1753-4 he wrote to the Duke of Newcastle 
commending "John Dashwood younger brother of Mr. Dashwood of Eley 
in Norfolk, who has lost his chief protector Mr. Matthews, late Governor of 
St. Christopher s." Sir Henry begs that he may be commended to the new 
Governor. In a postscript he adds that he is "glad to hear that Lord Gage 
has paid his duty to your Grace. Better (for him) late than never" (Add. 
MSS. 32,73 1, f. 193). 

In connection with the subject of merchandise, three letters from Edward 
Bedingfeld to Lord Strafford may be mentioned in the same collection (vol. 
31,136, ff. 17, 19, 105), dated at The Hague, 3-13 December 1711. Lord 
Strafford was then entering the Congress to debate on terms of peace, and 
Edward Bedingfeld asks him to insist on the restoration of the plunder 
taken by the Dutch in Barbadoes from a sloop which belonged to British 

The correspondence to be given next affords us some valuable evidence as 
to the comparatively slight hold that Jacobitism had on the Bedingfeld family, 
which, we may be sure, was in this fairly representative of other English 
Catholics. On the one hand, it is impossible to doubt their sympathy with 
the family, which had lost the throne, not indeed without some fault on their 
side, but mainly because of their adherence to the Catholic religion. In 
Mar-wood s Diary we have seen the respectful way in which the Stuarts are 
alluded to at various times, without however any trace of enthusiasm in their 
cause. There were also two Bedingfeld matches with Jacobite families (pp. 
235, 236). At Oxburgh, moreover, there are still preserved several interest 
ing Stuart relics ; some pictures, and some extremely beautiful and interest 
ing Jacobite glasses, perhaps the most valuable examples of their kind that 
now exist. (They are figured and described in the Connoisseur for May 1908.) 

In 1715 Sir Henry was called upon to register all his property, under the 
cruel penal laws, i George I. 50 and 55. By previous enactments (23 Eliz. 
c. i) a Catholic was to forfeit ^20 a lunar month for stopping away from the 
Protestant Church, and this Act was sharpened by the law of 29 Elizabeth, 
which enabled the crown to seize two-thirds of the recusants lands in lieu of 
the monthly fine, while by the law of 11, 12 William, c. 4, every Catholic 

* See also below, p. 201, nn. 34, 68. 


\vas disabled from purchasing any lands in this kingdom, and this explicitly, 
in order " to prevent the growth of Popery." Then by the 5oth chapter of 
I George I., a commission was appointed "to inquire of the Estates 
of certain Traitors and Popish Recusants, and of the Estates given to 
superstitious uses, in order to raise money out of them," and by the 55th 
chapter of the same year, all Catholics had to register all their estates, under 
the severest penalties, in order that the commissioners aforesaid might 
prey on them with greater facility. 

It must have been with a heavy heart that Sir Henry handed over to 
these harpies the accounts and title-deeds of his estates, but there was of 
course no escape. The Oxburgh estates were registered as worth ,1551, 
is. i\d. per annum, while the manor of Bedingfield in Suffolk, whence the 
family takes its name, was declared to bring in 21, i8j. 1 1|</. (J. O. Payne, 
English Catholic Nonjurors of 1715 (1886), pp. 194, 258). Under the 
Commonwealth, it may be remembered the rental was declared to be 
^1638 (above, p. 3). 

In the beginning of 1744 ^ became known that Prince Charles Edward 
was starting from Rome, and the English Government, with its usual 
bigotry, issued a Proclamation on the 24th of February " for putting the 
laws in execution against Papists and Non-Jurors" (a copy in the British 
Museum, 21. h. 4. 207). 

Whatever hopes sanguine exiles abroad may have entertained of possible 
assistance from the English Catholics at home, I can find no indication 
that they counted on the Bedingfelds in particular, or on the Catholics of 
East Anglia in general. More certain still is it, that the Catholics at home, 
with tangible proofs of the overwhelming power of England ever before their 
eyes, and in daily contact with its tepidity or aversion in regard to the 
Stuarts, did not share the illusions to which the exiles were, as they always 
are, liable. 

The following letters show us Sir Henry s position among conflicting 
claims on his loyalty, and in circumstances full of peril and annoyance. 
Protestations and professions would have been out of place. He therefore 
quotes facts only, and draws such conclusions as would be appreciated by 
such a correspondent as the powerful statesman Thomas Pelham, first 
Duke of Newcastle. 


2gth February 1743-4 

Original, British Museum, Additional 32,702, f. 115. It will be noticed that there 
is no address, and that Sir Henry always uses the words " your Lordship," never 
" your Grace." It may therefore be that, though among letters sent to the Duke, 
it was not originally addressed to him, but to some friend who forwarded it 
to him. 

MY LORD, By the papers this day I find there is a Proclamation 
come out to putt the Laws in execution against Papists. As I have 
some reasons to think y r Lordship can justly answer for my Past be 
haviour, I hope y r Lordship will have no difficulty to speake to those 
in power that I may have a protection from Government. I have 
taken particular care not onely to give no disgust to, but as farr as in 
me did lay, to promote its interest. S r William Gage,* before he took 
the oaths, had on the like occasion a protection from the Government 

>fc Sir William Gage may perhaps have been a schoolfellow of Sir Henry s at La 
Fleche (aboi t, p. 1 17). He "took the oaths " of Supremacy, and abjuration of the 
Pretender, after which he was elected to Parliament in 1722, and sat for Seaford 
until his death in 1744 (J. Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics, 1908, p. 94). 


sign d by four of the Privy Council!, & I hope thro y 1 Lordship s 
interest, I may obtaine the like favor for my self & family, horses & 
arms. It would besides be verry hard that Lady Betty should be 
deprived of horses to carrye her to Church,* or to visitt her neighbours 
at a distance & not in a manner suitable to her quality. Y r Lord 
ship s good nature, will I dare say excuse this trouble in 

My Lord, y r Lordship s most obed* hum ble servant, 

OXUITRGH, 2g/Afe6. 1743. 

The next letter shows that the desired "protection" was probably 
never granted. By October 19, 1745, Charles Edward had landed in 
Scotland and won the battle of Preston. The road to England lay open 
before him, though his diminutive army had not yet crossed the frontier 
indeed it was not yet certain that the attempt would be made. But 
anxiety and consternation were everywhere on the increase, and the first 
impulse of the Protestant extremists was as usual to harry their Catholic 
fellow-citizens. Sir Henry now appealed to the great lawyer, Philip Yorke 
Lord Hardwicke, the Lord Chancellor and member of the Council of Re 
gency, while the king was away righting on the Continent for his native 
Hanover. Lord Hardwicke had already made the acquaintance of Sir 
Henry over "the Mcriton Case" (see above, p. 15), and in his manuscript 
notes on Chancery Cases from 1741 to 1742 will be found a long summary 
of the pleadings (far too complicated to be summarised here), which are 
dated 14 December 1741 (British Museum, Additional 36,051, p. 128). 


OXBURGH, igih October 1745 
Originals, British Museum, Additional MS. 35,588, ff. 135, 145, 152 

MY LORD, Nothing but necessity could induce me to trouble y r 
Lordship at this juncture, especialy when such weighty Affaires must 
take up so much of y r Lordship s time. 

I am informed that last tewsday, at Lynn sessions, two Gentlemen 
justices of peace for y e County, expres d themselves very warmly 
against me, as a dangerous person to y e Government, being early privy 
to this rebellion, keeping numbers of horses & servants, & sending 
away ten horses and five servants on friday the 4 th instant, thro 
Lincoln ; & consequently the laws ought to be putt in execution against 
me in their full force & rigour, & notw th standing some of y e Gentlemen 
were pleas d to speake in my favor, & amongst other things alledged 
my subscribing to y e association, yett orders were given to the Chief 
Constable to summon me to appear next tewsday att Lynn, & in 
default thereof I suppose to be prosecuted, perhaps to Convertion.f I 
have lived here above thirty years, J & thanks to ye lenity of y 
Government, w th out ever having had the least molestation given me, 
w ch makes it more hard that at this time of day, when I will defye the 

# From this one would conclude that his wife, Lady Elizabeth Boyle, went to the 
Protestant Church, and was not a Catholic. 

f The meaning seems to be, "until I am converted to Protestantism." Further 
information about " ye Association," obscurely alluded to above, is also to be desired. 

+ He had succeeded in 1704, but according to this he cannot have begun to 
reside at Oxburgh for ten years after. 


whole world to prove the least instance of any disloyalty in me, to be 
prosecuted for facts absolutely false & Chimerical!. 

By an Invitation from Lord Burlington I went w th Lady Betty his 
sister, on y e 8 th of August to Lonesburgh in Yorkshire. I returned 
the 3i st hether; & since that time neither I, servants nor horses were 
out of the County, but one night at Brand eight miles off, & one day 
to waite upon the Duke of Grafton att Euston. This I can prove by 
a flood of Wittnesses. 

I flatter my self that Lord Hobart our Lord Lieutenant, Lord 
Orford & Lord Leicester can give y r Lordship such a Caracter of my 
Constant behaviour as y r Lordship will think that such intended 
rigorous measures, to be carried on against me, ought to meet w th some 
mitigation ; <S: I have a particular reason to believe that, if his Majestye 
knew of this proceeding, he would dislike it. I am very sensible that 
y r Lordship is fully apprised of ye fatall consequences to a Papist that 
attends Convertion, & therefore shall say no more, but humbly beg y r 
Lordship s assistance. 

I am, My Lord, y r Lordship s most obedient humble servant 


OXBURGH, Oct br iqtk, 1745. 

Draft Answer to the above 

Po. Ho., Oct" 23, 1745. 

SIR, I received the honour of your letter with much concern to 
find that, in this time of public Disturbance, any trouble was likely to 
fall personally upon you. I had allways a very good opinion of your 
peaceable & dutiful Disposition towards His Majesty & his Govern 
ment ; and in this I am confirmed by the reports which I have con 
stantly heard of your Conduct from all the Lords & Gentlemen of the 
County of Norfolk, with whom I am acquainted, on this account. 

I should have been very glad if the law had put any thing in my 
power to prevent your receiving any uncourteous Disturbance ; but all 
I could do at present was to speak to your Lord Lieutenant & my 
Lord Lecester, who I find are in the same way of thinking with my 
self, & will omit nothing that may depend upon them to show their 
Friendship to you. 

As from your known Character I persuade my Self that the Suspi 
cion on w ch this Preceding is founded is without any real foundation, 
so I hope the Justices of ye peace will receive entire satisfaction upon 
y* head; & you may be assured that on my part nothing shall be 
wanting to shew my attention to your [safejty, and to testify the per 
sonal consideration & Regard [of those] which truly love you. 

I am with your Respect &c. 


MY LORD, I return y r Lordship many thanks for y e honor of y r 
Lordship s letter & am extreamly obliged to y r Lordship for y e good 
opinion you have of my Conduct : it shall be my constant care to 
deserve y r Lordship s continuance of it. 

S r Francis Berkley & Mr. Lob, two of his majesties Justices of y e 


Peace, came this morning to searche for horses & arms : I have no 

reason to complain of their behaviour. 

I beg d the favor of em to take y e affidavit, herein enclosed, \v ch 

entirely clears me of that report relating to my sending away my horses. 

I wish the other Gentlemen had been here alsoe, that the other story 

might alsoe be sett in a true light, w ch is not in my power to doe, but 

by answering Questions relating thereunto. 

I beg leave to subscribe my self w* the utmost respect 
My Lord, your Lordship s most obedient & most humble servant, 


OXBURGH, 2S//1 Oc 

In the month of November 1745 the house of the Jesuit Provincial 
Father Sheldon, in Wyld Street, was betrayed to the Government by a spy, 
and the whole of his correspondence was seized, and an analysis was made 
of it " by Thomas Waite, then Law Clerk," and a copy of these notes, made 
by John Douglas, is now in Dr. Birch s volume, British Museum, Sloane 
4234 (fif. 49-61). There is in all these notes no reference to the political 
questions of the hour. William Sheldon of Gray s Inn* was told by 
Douglas (the future Bishop of Salisbury, of whom more presently), that he 
had himself received the papers for examination, "and found no treason 
nor anything approaching thereto, but complaints of misconduct and irre 
gularities in some juvenile missionaries." There is, however, one entry 
under "Foreign Correspondence" in Dr. Birch s copy, which interests us. 
We read at p. 58, "Two of Sir H. Bedingfelds boys go under the name of 
Clay at Blandyke," i.e. at St. Omers. 


Though as a Catholic Sir Henry Arundell Bedingfeld was precluded by 
the penal laws from taking his part in political life, an occasion arose in his 
old age on which he was able to come forward and to do his co-religionists 
a very substantial service. This was in connection with the detection of 
Archibald Bower, the apostate Jesuit and Historian of the Popes. Though 
many English Catholics had ere this gained noteworthy controversial 
victories over various Protestant assailants of their Church, no Catholic 
before had overwhelmed his opponent by boldly defying him, as Sir Henry 
did, to bring a libel action in the civil courts. Another noteworthy feature 
was the tact with which Sir Henry managed to enlist on his side the services 
of some of the most eminent literati then in the Anglican Communion. 

The Protestant public was still too hostile by far to listen to any exposure 
of Bower s roguery from a Catholic. He had in fact already been answered 
by Dr. Alban Butler, the most skilful English Catholic writer, then living, 
but no one would read the book. Sir Henry was able to ibeat the enemy 
clean out of the field by supplementing his challenge to a libel action with 
powerful pamphlets, written by men to whom the public were ready to listen, 
in particular by John Douglas, afterwards Bishop of ^Salisbury, and Dr. 
Thomas Birch, F.S.A. and Secretary of the Royal Society, a distinguished 
writer and collector of manuscripts, who bequeathed his library to the 
British Museum, and with it all his private correspondence upon the con 
troversy. Before we come to this it will be well to premise a certain number 
of facts about Bower s past history. 

Archibald Bower was born at Dundee on or about the 1 7th of January 
1686, and "on the i6th of October, 1702, was received" into Scots College, 
Douay, and then "became a Jesuit at Rome in 1706" (Scots Colleges, 

* J. Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics, 1909, p. 207. 


Kegisfers (New Spalding Club), eel. W. Forbes Leith, S.J., 1906, p. 66). In 
Rome he passed through his studies with considerable credit, and became in 
time a professor of Scholastic Philosophy at Macerata in the year 1625. 
Here he was appointed confessor to a certain convent of nuns, and in time 
contracted a friendship with a certain sister, Suor Francesca Eleonora 
Buonacorsi, and a serious scandal ensued. Bower was withdrawn from the 
town by his superiors at the first sign of things being amiss, and when an 
inquiry was called for by the ecclesiastical authorities, Bower fled, first back 
to the Scots College at Douay, then to England, where he arrived in July 1726. 

By this flight Bower of course gave away entirely his chance of a favour 
able verdict on his conduct. On the other hand, he succeeded in keeping 
off a judicial inquiry, and I cannot even find what the specific accusation 
against him was. I gather that the fault was rather attributed to weakness 
than to hardened malice, for the most persistent efforts were made by his 
former Jesuit confreres, during the years 1729 to 1734, to induce him to come 
back. If he would have submitted to an adequate penance, and to being 
sent to a country where his past was unknown, he would have been given 
a new start. They cannot therefore have believed him to be an absolute 

Of course they may have been mistaken. Dr. Birch (below, p. 174), a good 
judge, took an opposite view. He gives it as his opinion that Bower 
became at once an unprincipled hypocrite, whose professions varied purely 
and simply with the interests, or the imagined interests, of the hour ; that 
he was in fact as infamous after his first fall as he was after his second. For 
my own part I think that Dr. Birch, a Protestant, may have underestimated 
the sincerity of Bower s passing fits of remorse, and desire to undo the past. 
Having regard to the whole story, and to certain pieces of evidence (esp. 
Mrs. Hoyles s Deposition, and the Jesuit Letters of 1729-1734) which Birch 
did not know of when he wrote, I think Bower was for a long time rather a 
waverer, who found himself uneasy in the anti-Catholic camp, than a renegade 
with a conscience confirmed in evil. This degree of dishonesty, it seems to 
me, will suffice to explain the actions, not all of them evil, which we have 
now to record. 

He obtained his living partly by writing (below, p. 170), partly by teaching, 
and he was also befriended by some families of importance v.g. those of 
Lord Baltimore * and Sir George Lyttelton (both which had lately lapsed 
from Catholicism), and the Aylmers of Balrath, who were zealous Irish 
Protestants. The second Lord Aylmer is said to have satisfied himself 
about Bower s reliability by inquiries, which he himself made in Italy, and 
he then employed him as tutor to his sons. 

Bower s chief protector, however, was Sir George Lyttelton, whom we 
have alluded to before (p. 117). His grandfather, Sir Charles Lyttelton of 
Frankley, Worcester, had been consistently a distinguished Cavalier and a 
firm Jacobite. His sons (or some of them) were Catholics, who had been at 
school with Sir Henry at La Fleche. But Thomas, the youngest son and 
heir, took the Oath of Supremacy and entered Parliament, while his son 
George advanced yet further in the same course. He adopted infidelity 
d la mode, and devoted himself to promoting the intrigues of the Prince of 
Wales, who, as he rose to power, rewarded his favourite with such powerful 
protection that he obtained the highest offices of the State. He became in 
this very year Chancellor of the Exchequer, and was created a Baron. 
Though not a literary genius, he was a diligent writer, and having now 
forsworn the atheism of his youth, was engaged in patriotic and religious 
writings of a Low Church tendency (pp. 170, 186). He figures constantly in 
this correspondence as "The Grand Patron" (pp. 183, 185). 

Jfc If, as is likely, he was tutor to Henry Calvert, sixth and last Lord Baltimore of 
Longford, the pupil s chequered career (he was at once a litterateur and a libertine) 
reflects no credit on the master. 


To return to Archibald Bower, according to his own account he was "for 
the space, I think, of six years, of no particular denomination. At last I 
conformed to Anglicanism" (Answer fo a scurrilous Pamphlet, p. 30). He 
did not during these years display any violent antagonism to the Catholic 
Church, though he told romantic, and inconsistent, stories of his escape 
from the Jesuits and the Inquisition, who were, he said, persecuting him 
because he had refused to carry out certain cruelties which he had been 
ordered to execute. 

On the other hand, he did not quite lose touch with his whilom religious 
brethren. In the Registers of the Letters of the Jesuit General to England 
from 1729 to 1734, there are numerous letters which show that year after 
year an endeavour was made to bring him to a better state of mind. 
Then there came a long break, and at last in 1744 things seemed to be 
taking a real turn for the better. He became acquainted with the charming 
leather Philip Carteret, and great progress was made towards his complete 
rehabilitation.* He was absolved, sometimes said mass, and more signifi 
cant still, handed over to the Jesuit Provincial all his money (for being 
under a solemn vow of poverty he could not with a good conscience keep 
it), and received back from them an annual pension on which he was to 
live, until such time as arrangements could be made for his going abroad, 
and being received back into the Order. Meanwhile, he was to occupy him 
self in writing, and books on Church History were lent him for this purpose 
by the Jesuits. 

Unfortunately he did not entirely break with his old Protestant acquaint 
ances, and especially with a certain mysterious " woman," who pressed 
him for money, though it never transpired who this "unknown " was.t 

Under these circumstances he wrote six letters to Father Sheldon the 
Provincial, petitioning for ^500 from his capital, in order to give it to the 
woman. Finally he alleged that, if he did not receive the ,500 at once, 
he must, however reluctantly, obtain it from Protestants. His request was 
refused, and he immediately began to publish his History of the Popes, a 
book full of cavil, abuse, and literary bad faith, but which proved a complete 
financial success. He had the honour of presenting a volume of it to the 
King on May the I2th, 1748, received a court pension, and went through the 
form of marriage with a Mrs. Conor, a well-to-do widow, the grand-daughter 
of an Anglican Bishop (below, p. 183). Worst of all, he perverted some of 
his cousins, and caused a relative to be prosecuted by the Scottish Court of 
Session for allowing a nephew to be sent to the Scots College at Douay 
(Bower s Affidavit, p. 13 ; European Magazine, 1794, xxvi. 32). 

Much as Catholics might resent his violence and hypocrisy, they were 
quite unable either to protect themselves or to unmask the traitor. Dr. 
Alban Butler exposed in 1754 the plagiarisms and literary bad faith in 
Bower s first two volumes. But the result seemed rather to increase than 
to diminish the fame of the apostate. Upon the whole, in the then state of 
public opinion, to keep silence seemed the only prudent course. 

But the six letters to Father Sheldon came about the year 1750 into the 
hands of Sir Henry Bcdingfeld ; and certainly, ; / they lucre proved 
genuine, the reputation of Bower was ruined. On the other hand, what 

* Father Carteret was chaplain to Sir Henry at Oxburgh from 1742 (and perhaps 
earlier) till 1746. 

t In the long controversy which followed many of Bower s past peccadilloes were 
detected and denounced, and the curious reader may he referred to Douglas s Com 
plete Confutation, p. 47, for a detailed statement of all that is alleged to have been 
proved against him. I do not myself think that Douglas s statement is quite con 
vincing, though Bower s own avowals leave no doubt as to his grave want of principle. 
However this may be, Douglas confesses that he cannot be sure who " the unknown " 
was, and thinks that Bower, by the continuous use of small exaggerations about her, 
has outlined a personality which did not exist as described. 


chance was there of a bigoted public believing their authenticity, which 
Bower would be sure to deny, and which it would not be easy to prove 
in a popular way, especially as no priest could give evidence against him, 
or would dare to make the endeavour. However, an abstract of the letters 
had better be given at once. They are signed with initials only. 

1. DEAR SIR, On this, the last day of my retreat, I have received a 
letter from Father Carteret in the name of Father General Retz, to ask 
me what province I like best [in order to go through the trials appointed 
as conditions for being received back into the Society], but I am leaving 
the choice entirely to him. " I must also ask you to make over to me 
part of the sum that is owing to you, which (I find) you cannot easily 
recover. I should immediately transfer it to the woman, who would 
in a very short time find means to recover it, and allow me my so 
much wished-for liberty. This would make me completely happy." 

A D B R. [No date, but presumably written in June 1746, and 

addressed in another hand to Father Sheldon, who was then the Jesuit 

The disadvantage about this note, when considered as evidence against 
Bower, is that it needed too much subsidiary evidence. Unless one could 
produce the woman in question, or prove who she was, an ordinary jury 
would be likely to regard the whole letter with suspicion. She can hardly 
have been Bower s future wife, as her first husband was living at the time 
the letter was written. In short, it was not then possible to determine who 
"the woman" was. Whoever the unknown may have been, she, so far as 
the letter tells us, has been asking him for money, and he has been asking 
Father Sheldon to give him back part of the capital which he had given 
over for his annuity. He will then pay her off, and be entirely happy and 
free to live a priestly life. But there had been no clause in Bower s settle 
ment fora possible return of the capital, and so no arrangements had been 
made for it. It is therefore only as a favour that Bower can request repay 
ment, and only with difficulty that Father Sheldon can make it, a difficulty 
which, even for Bower s sake, he was in no hurry to overcome. 

The second letter, which is briefer, shows that Father Sheldon has an 
swered in the above sense. 

2. DEAR SIR, Since you are in a position to help me, but will not do 

so, I shall be obliged to apply to Father Retz. A D B R. [A <? 

date, but endorsed as answered, 17 July 1746.] 

The third letter shows that Father Sheldon has answered this with 
greater strictness, pointing out that if Bower wished to be received back into 
the Society he must not use a threatening tone towards his Superior. 

3. DEAR SIR, I have received your admonition with gratitude, and 
will abide by it. But "the woman and child are returned on to my 
hands," and whether I like it or not, I am forced to visit her, or to give 
back the money. A DB R. Dated 14, July. 

The fourth and fifth letters show us the man still entangled in the com 
plication, and getting less and less able to resist. 

4. DEAR SIR, I still hope to be freed, as soon as you can do what 
I ask of you. A D B R. Richmond, 24 October, 1746. 

5. DEAR SIR, If you would only have lent me the conveyance, it 
would have done to show to the party I wrote about. Now " I am 
beginning to despair." The person who owes you the money will not 

repay you, I fear, unless forced. A D B R. London, 14 March, 


The last two letters give us Bower s way of saying that he intended to 
break with Father Sheldon and the Jesuits altogether, unlcss-the money was 


given him. The seventh letter was in fact found later on, but it will be 
simpler to print it at once in its proper place. 

6. DEAR SIR, I have been unable to hold out any longer, and I have 
gone back, and accepted the post which my [Protestant] friend has 
offered me. But "as for the place, it will be a fortnight before the 
patent is made out," * and during this time I may still free myself, if you 
will aid me. A D B R. 

7. DEAR SIR, "I have taken a desperate step." Yet it is not alto 
gether too late. Though I have renewed my word to the woman, I 

might still fly, if you would aid me, " Ecce ego, mitte we" A D 

B R, 27 March. 

The difficulty, as already explained, now before Sir Henry, was, how far 
would a British jury, or the highly prejudiced British public opinion of those 
days, accept these letters, if the woman could not be found? Sir Henry 
left the management of the case chiefly with Dr. Birch and Mr. Douglas. 
The former corresponded with Sir Henry, and received from him the letters 
printed below, and all evidence against Bower, that could be found amongst 
Catholics. Birch then passed on the information to Douglas, who wrote a 
series of vigorous and effective pamphlets, which eventually crushed Bower 
in the eyes of all thinking men, though a certain number of fanatics, espe 
cially Sir George Lyttelton, would never give him up. Before we give this 
correspondence, which will tell us about the course of the controversy, it may 
be well to print an able letter from Dr. Birch, which gives us its subject with 
great clearness. It is addressed to Mr. John Davidson of Edinburgh, the 
Scottish Antiquary, for whom see D.N.B. t xiv. 127. 


Sloane 4234, f. 92. Draft, with corrections. Davidson s letter, to which this is an 
answer, is now fol. 99 of the same volume. The sectional headings are editorial 

LONDON, i.Jtt/tc 1756. 

DEAR SIR, I owe you my sincere thanks for mentioning to me in 
your letter of the 2nd of last March, received on the 2oth, Mrs. 
Bower s Reflections on me in her Defence of her Husband, and I owe 
this justice to myself to give you the grounds of my conviction, that he 
wrote the Letters to Father Sheldon, Provincial of the Jesuits in 
England, now in Sir Henry Bedingfeld s hands. 

i. The Letters were shown to many persons before 1755 

That gentleman having been possessed of these letters for five or 

six years past, showed them to Mr. Garrick amongst others, as long ago 

as before the late Earl of Burlington s death, which was in December 

J 753) an< 3 the sight and contents of them struck Mr. Garrick so much 

that he immediately mentioned them to Sir George Lyttleton, who 

chose to make no farther inquiry about them, as he had upon all former 

occasions refused to give the least attention to any Representations, 

which tended to acquaint him with the true character of Mr. Bower. 

About March or April 1755 Mr. Hooke,f the Author of the 

* No satisfactory explanation of " the patent " has yet been offered. I take it to 
signify obscurely the prospectus of his History of the Popes. He means that he has 
it printed, but will keep it back for a fortnight. This was what he actually did. 
When it was published, it committed him to the Protestant side. 

t Nathaniel Hooke, the friend of Pope, &c., published his Roman History, 1738- 


History, mentioned the letters at the table of the Earl of 
Bath,* and told Mr. Douglas,f his Lordship s chaplain, whose curiosity 
was excited by the account of them, that Sir Henry Bedingfeld would 
readily shew them to him, which would have been done, if Mr. Douglas 
had not been soon after carried by his Lordship to Bath. There the 
letters became the subject of conversation, and Dr. Moss, Rector of 
St. James s, Westminster, assures me that he had spoken of them in 
July last to the late Mr. Gilbert West,J who said that he would im 
mediately acquaint Mr. Bower that such letters were produced as his. 
But neither Mr. Bower nor his Friends took any steps to bring into 
the public Light an affair, which no innocent man could have suffered 
to continue in obscurity. 

2. The Letters are shown to Douglas, Birch, and the 
Dean of Exeter 

Sir H. Bedingfeld, after a long absence from London on account of 
an Indisposition, returning thither in the latter end of January last, 
and Mr. Hooke mentioning again to him Mr. Douglas s Desire to see 
the Letters, Sir Henry immediately consented to it, and accordingly 
Mr. Douglas saw them on Saturday morning the 3ist of that month. 

Meeting him that very day, I, who happened never to have heard of 
the Letters before, had from him a particular account of them, and 
having long known Mr. Bower s handwriting, received an Invitation on 
the Wednesday following from Sir H. B., by Mr. Douglas to see them ; 
which I did on Saturday, Febr. yth, in company with Mr. Douglas 
and Mr. Andrew Millar, the Bookseller, who carried his Receit Book 
full of Mr. Bovver s Receits for large sums of Money on account of the 
Universal History ; || and none of us had the least Doubt, upon the 
comparison of hands, that the Letters were Mr. Bower s. 

Sir H. Bedingfeld being very importunate with me to desire Sir 
Geo. Lyttleton and his Brother the Dean of Exeter U to come to his 
Lodgings and see the Letters, I delivered his Message to the Dean the 
next Day ; and on the Day following, Monday, Febru. Qth, the Dean 
went to Sir H. Bedingfeld s and was much confounded at the perusal 
of them. But Sir Geo. Lyttleton [who, as the Dean foretold, would 
not give up his best Friend, a title which the Dean condescended to 
honour Mr. Bower with], when he was shewn the Letters the next 
Day, appeared unmoved with the Resemblance, which he could not but 
own, of the handwriting to that of Mr. Bower, declaring that such 
Similitude of hands was no Evidence, and urging only the Im 
probabilities of Mr. B. s writing such Letters. 

* Sir William Pulleney, the political adversary of Walpole, was created Earl of 
Bath in 1742. 

f John Douglas, a churchman of note and conservative critic, who had not long 
before exposed the forgeries, of which Lander, in hi.s critique on Milton, had been 
guilty. He eventually became Bishop of Salisbury in 1791. 

% Gilbert West, Clerk of Privy Council and author, D.N.R.* Ix. 3^0. 

Andrew Millar, the publisher of Johnson s Dictionary, <S:c. ; D..V.B., xxxvii. 

|| Bower wrote for this publication during the years 1734-1744, on the section 
" Roman History." 

^j Charles Lyltclton, afterwards Bishop, first of Exeter, then of Carlisle. 


3. The Letters are publicly discussed 

From that time the Letters became one of the great Topics of 
Discourse in town [Mr. Bower s Friends and the Friends of Sir G. L. 
adopted or zealously maintained the Hypothesis of their being forged].* 
Bower thus supported, publicly advertised (as he safely might) a Reward 
for discovering the Author of this Forgery. On the other Hand every 
person acquainted with his handwriting saw the Letters to be genuine ; 
and some of the greatest Men in the Nation, to whom they were shewn, 
declared that they had not the least appearance of being forged. 

4. The Letters and their number 

The Letters are in number six, not five only, as Mr. Bower told the 
World in his advertisement. They were all written between the middle 
of 1746 and the latter End of March 174 5 ; and turn intirely upon 
getting back the Money which he had paid to the Jesuits for an 
Annuity of 7^ per cent, for his Life. This extraordinary Transaction 
had been kept a profound Secret from his Friends, till he was surprised 
into a confession of it, upon the Letters beginning to be publicly 
talked of in London. His Excuse at first was, that he had lent his 
Money without knowing that it was to Jesuits. But he went farther in 
his confession afterwards, acknowledging that he knew (what he could 
not but know) that they were Jesuits, endeavoured to satisfy his lending 
money to them, by pretending that other Protestants had done the 
same. But his Case was extremely different from that of all other 
persons ; for he has for near thirty years past represented himself as in 
continual Danger of his Life from that Society, which he had abandoned : 
and therefore it must have been mere madness to have trusted his whole 
Fortune with a Body of men, who would have a new Inducement to 
put an End to his Life, being thus tempted to it by Interest, as well as 
before urged to it by Resentment. So that his lending his money to 
them for an annuity is a sufficient Confutation of all the tragical 
Stories, which he has amused many honest believing Protestants with, 
of the Attempts of the Jesuits against his person. 

5. Further evidence about the annuity 

The fact of lending the money stands thus in the Books of the late 
Father Hill,f procurator of the Jesuits. 

1741, Aug. 31. Mr. Bower paid to Father Charles 
Shirburne,! Provincial of the Jesuits for an Annuity 
f jCl P er cent, for his Life ..... ^1,100 
174.1, Febr. 27. He paid more on the same terms . 150 

H= This phrase is marked in MS., perhaps for omission. 

t Father John Hill, a Montgomeryshire man, died in London in April or May 
1751, aged 68 (Foley, vii. 361). The account-hooks here mentioned are still pre 
served, and Father Joseph Blackett has kindly shown me the identical entries here 
referred to. 

| Father Charles Shireburne belonged to the Shireburnes of Stonyhurst. He had 
been Provincial from September 1740 till 17 November 1744, and died 17 January 
1745. His successor was Father Henry Sheldon, fourth son of Ralph Sheldon of 
Weston, Worcester, and he held office till October 17?!. Father Philip Carteret 
then succeeded, and had died in the month of March before Dr. Birch s letter was 


1 743, Aug. 6. He paid more on the same terms to 

commence on the syth of that month . . . ,100 
The whole money paid was . . 1,350 

Aug. 27, the three distinct annuities were reduced into one of 
^94. 10 to be paid half-yearly, for which he had a Bond. 

1747, June 20, he was paid ^1152, los. id., after a Deduction 
made, in Full of the principal of his Bond, which he delivered to Mr. 

I have seen nine of his Receits of his Annuity, several of them 
mentioning his receiving it of Mr. Shirburne, who died 5 Jan " 174*, 
and of his successor Mr. Sheldon, by the hands of Mr. Hill. The last 
is dated 24 March 174", the day before the Date of his Proposals 
or preface to the Lives of the Popes. 

If it should be alleged that these Receits are forged as well as the 
Letters, another Evidence is produced above all suspicion of that kind ; 
the Books of Mr. Wright, the Popish Banker,* containing Entries of 
the payment of Father Hill s Draughts to Mr. Bower and one of these 

6. Forgery out of the question 

But though a name, and perhaps a Note or Receit, may be so 
imitated as to pass for genuine, yet the supposition of Forgery, when 
applied to six long Letters of a living man, and one whose handwriting 
is known to many persons, is extremely absurd ; and the Attempt of 
it would be so impracticable as not to be ventured upon by any man, 
much less undertaken by a considerable Body of men, who could hope 
for no Advantage from the Success equal to the Hazard and even 
Certainty of a Detection. And if such a Fraud were possible, it is not 
to be conceived but that the Forgery would have been of a kind much 
more dangerous to the person aimed at, than merely to expose him as 
an Hypocrite and Double-dealer. 

7. Thz result of refusing a trial 

It would be tedious to enter into a larger Detail of Facts and 
Observations on this subject ; and it would be unnecessary, as the 
public is likely to be soon informed of the particulars, if Sir H. B. 
shall not be able to bring the affair before a Court of Justice, and Mr. 
Bower shall continue to decline it, as he has lately done by refusing to 
accept Sir H. s Challenge to him (in an advertisement in five of the 
public Papers) to purge himself by Oath, of his having written the 
Letters in question. The reason which he has assigned in private to 
his Friends for this Refusal is that such an Oath would be hazardous, 
unless Sir H. B. will solemnly promise not to produce against him any 
popish Priests, since not one of that order would scruple perjury for 
the impeaching his character and the service of their Church. This 

* Wright s Bank in Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, continued till the begin 
ning of the nineteenth century, when the business was amalgamated with the Joint 
Stock Bank. Mr. Jerningham, the previous manager, then came over to the new 
bank, with all the old books. This explains why the Joint Stock has still such a large 
Catholic connection. It is very probable that the entries of the payments to Bower 
might still, if necessary, be verified from the ancient ledgers, still in the bank s 
possession. These entries are printed in extenso by Douglas in the pamphlets to be 
named below. 


Demand of precluding the only Kind of Evidence to be expected in 
such a Case, has already lost him some of his most zealous advocates. 

8. Seven Objections answered 

With regard to Mrs. Bower s Pleas in favour of her Husband, I 
shall make some Remarks upon them, in the Order in which they stand 
in your Letter. 

1. It is not true that Sir Henry Bedingfeld has given contradictory 
accounts of the Letters. 

2. The Style and Matter of the Letters afford not the least Suspi 
cion of their being forged. 

3. The pretended anachronism of mentioning Mr. Bower s connec 
tion with his now Wife and her Child before that took place, has no 
Weight in it. The Letters speak indeed of " a Woman and her Child," 
but without naming her, or pointing her out, or intimating that the 
Child was his own by her. They mention likewise that it was her 
Money which he had lent in his own Name to the Jesuits, and that till 
they should repay it to him, to enable him to satisfy her and her Rela 
tions, to whom it would be improper to shew the Bond, which he had 
for that Money, he could not be at Liberty to discontinue his former 
Visits to her, and to follow his Conscience, and to act in the Mission of 
the Jesuits, as he offered to do, even in England, if his Superiors should 
have thought him proper for that province. This Pretence of the 
Money s being the Woman s and not his own, is unquestionably a 
fiction ; since he had at the time of purchasing his Annuity of the 
Jesuits received of the Proprietors of the Universal History, for his 
share in it, a sum sufficient for that purchase. Mrs. Bower best knows 
whether she would be meant by that Woman; but I have so much 
Charity for her, as I know nothing of her, and so ill an Opinion of him, 
of whom I know too much, as to be inclined now to think that the 
whole plea of the Woman and her Child, as well as the Mention in his 
last Letter of the advantageous Offer then made him by his friends of a 
retreat place, not named nor described by him, were both of them mere 
artifices to induce Father Sheldon to return him his Money and to 
save him from what he calls impending and litter Ruin, by which that 
Father must understand him to mean the Loss of his soul. 

No conclusion can therefore be drawn from these two Circum 
stances, supposing them ever so false, to prove the Letters forged. For 
what is so reasonably to be expected as Lies from the Pen as well as 
the Tongue of a known Lyar, a Character not denied even by his Friends? 

4. The alleged Discrepancy in some of the writing from that of 
Mr. Bower has no foundation ; for the only Difference in the form of 
the d inferred by a Friend of Sir G. L. and Mr. B., who saw the Letters 
with the former, is confuted by a plain Inspection of those Letters 
compared with other acknowledged pieces of Mr. Bower s handwriting ; * 
and that Critic of hands had but four Days before unfortunately pro 
nounced one of Mr. Bower s own Receits in Mr. And. Millar s Book 
not to be his handwriting. 

* Douglas afterwards published a facsimile of one of the letters, and of one of 
the receipts. If the facsimiles are reliable the identity of the hands cannot be 
doubted {Complete and Final Detection, 1758, p. 144). 


5. As for Sir Henry Bedingf eld s refusal to shew Mr. Bower the 
Letters, the short answer is that the latter never asked to see the 
Originals, and only desired Copies of them, which Sir H. s council 
advised him not to grant, as the affair might be carried into West 
minster Hall. 

6. The Friendship continued to be shewn Mr. B. by the Family 
of Aylmer and by Sir Geo. Lyttelton is of little moment in the Ques 
tion. For his Dependance on the late Lord Aylmer might prevent 
him from exposing his true Character at the House of a pious Christian 
and a zealous Protestant, though he was none the less on his guard, 
where he had less Restraints on him. And Sir G. L. s attachment to 
him still is to be considered, not merely * as the Effect of a disin 
terested Esteem, but rather of 7.eal for his own Reputation, and a 
Reluctance to own himself to have been so long imposed upon by a 
low Man, who had so little deserved his regard and confidence, pension 
and place : [and to confess that he had] f imposed a sycophant and 
flatterer on the World for a good Man ; and (which his manuscript 
had procured him) for a great Writer, in spite of so many Incidents 
which ought to have undeceived him. 

The Improbability of the whole Story of Mr. B. s Escape from Italy, 
and his flatly disowning it in November 1750, by a public Advertise 
ment, when it came into print, % and his many Evasions to avoid 
publishing himself what he had related to such numbers in private 
Conversation, sunk his Credit with many intelligent and impartial 
persons, and occasioned a more strict Inquiry into his Character and 
Conduct, which proved extremely unfavourable to him. And even 
some of his Eriends, who still affect to disbelieve the Letters to be his, 
have made some remarkable Concessions against him, that he is apt to 
take Liberties with Truth. That he was till within these few years, 
since his marriage, abandoned to Lewedness in the lowest Sense of it. 
That he was a declared Infidel, where such a Declaration would either 
recommend him or not interfere with his Interest. And that his 
Conversion to Christianity was of a very late Date [the Date of his 
Conversion to Christianity was not much prior to that of his Patron s 
Piece on the Conversion of St. Paul ;], though during all that time of 
Licentiousness and Impiety when he conversed with Christians and 
Protestants he pretended to be both. He still maintained, however, 
a great Intimacy, and trusted his fortune for several Years with that 
Order of men, of whose Designs against his Life he professed to others 
to be under constant apprehensions. 

7. The Artifices of Popish Priests against Converts are scarce 
more known here than the ill Characters of most of those who pretend 

* Not merely as the effect i.e. " not as the mere effect." 

t These words must he supplied from the context. 

J This was The Faithful Account of Mr. Rowers Motives for having his Office 
of Secretary to the Court of Inquisition, by Richard Barren, 1750. Another MS. 
version of the same romantic story "from the lihrary of Mr. P olkard " is found in 
Sloane 4234, fol. 62. Another " by Mrs. Cockayne, a young lady of Northumber 
land," with supplement " from other friends of Mr. Bower, added by Dr. Law, 
Master of Peter House, Cambridge," is ibid., fol. 23. Further variations are re 
marked upon below, pp. 181, 189. 

This phrase marked in MS., perhaps for omission. 


to be Converts from Popery, and are too often discovered to have left 
their former Religion for reasons not at all honourable to them. And 
whatever Resentments the Priests of the Romish Church have against 
those who abandon it, the Methods of Fraud or Violence are not to be 
ventured upon by them in a Country like ours, where themselves are so 
peculiarly obnoxious to the Government and people, and where any 
such attempt would have no other Effect than exposing themselves to 
public Vengeance. In the present Case the Jesuits and Priests have, 
I am well satisfied, had no hand in producing to light Mr. Bower s 
Letters, but on the contrary have shewn a remarkable Backwardness 
to supply the Evidence in their power against him, from a just Appre 
hension of drawing a persecution upon themselves from his powerful 

9. Conclusion 

Upon the whole I am thoroughly persuaded, both from internal and 
external Evidence of the strongest kind, that the Letters are Mr. 
Bower s ; and the Conclusion which seems to me to result from them, 
is, that he was not in his heart, at the time of writing them, of any 
Religion. When he bought his Annuity of the Jesuits, he undoubtedly 
thought it most for his Interest to court them, if not to return to their 
Order. But in 1746, after the Close of the Rebellion, when his Patron 
(who had now quitted the Opposition) had a prospect of being ad 
vanced to some considerable post (as he was in 1747 to a Seat at the 
Treasury-Board), Mr. Bower shifted his Views and grew impatient to 
recover his Money, before he should publicly break with his old 
Fraternity by either accepting a place, or taking subscriptions for a 
Work highly obnoxious to them. 

I hope I need not use many Protestations to any person, who knows 
me, that I am incapable of taking up or propagating a Story to the 
prejudice of any man, without the fullest Conviction of the Truth of it ; 
or intending any Service to the Church of Rome. Her Cause will 
indeed receive much more Advantage from the Character of such an 
Antagonist as Mr. Bower, than that of the Protestants will from his 
Work, which I know, upon Examination, to be the Product of Plagiarism 
rather than of real Knowledge of the Subject and proper Industry and 
Judgement in the Management of it. 

I am, with my Compliments to Sir D. Dalrymple,* 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient and most humble Servant 


We have already heard that the first active step in the controversy with 
Bower was the showing of the letters by Sir Henry to Douglas, and Birch, on 
the 3ist of January and the 7th of February. At Sir Henry s instance Dr. 
Birch then brought Charles Lyttelton, Dean of Exeter, to see them on the 
9th, and Jon the loth they were shown to Sir George, Bower s " Grand 
Patron," who having, at Sir Henry s request, asked Bovver whether he 
owned them, wrote back next day, February n, that Bower absolutely 
denied them, and asked for copies, and said that he would advertise a 
reward of ,100 for whoever would expose the forger. This letter, with 

* Sir David Dalrymple, the well-known Scottish judge and writer, was not long 
after this time created Lord Hailes. 


correspondence of the next two months, was published in Bower s 
Affidavit, p. 3. 

Sir Henry answered, I2th February, hoping that Bower would do what 
he promised, and trusting that "this little affaire" would not cause ill- 
feeling between himself and Sir George (ibid., p. 4). 

To this the latter answered rather rudely, that he could not possibly 
consider this "a little affaire." It was an "attack foully made," which 
would "excite the Indignation of the greater part of mankind, and turn 
to the confusion of those who have been the contrivers of this infamous 
forgery." On the same day Bower advertised one hundred pounds reward 
for a discovery of the forger, and next day, I4th February, wrote to Sir 
Henry asking for copies of the letters (ibid., pp. 5-6). 

Sir Henry, resenting the rude language of Sir George, and the insinua 
tions of Bower, replied at once that he would take counsel s opinion (ibid., 

P- 7)- 

This brought down a still more uncourteous letter from Lyttelton, 
demanding the letters, and asking in imperious tones " whether you have 
told anybody by whom the forged letters were put into your hands ? 
Why you concealed them so long, and what induced you to show them 
more publicly now?" Sir Henry responded that such questions would be 
best answered in Westminster Hall. 

This explains the next three letters. Sir Henry believed he " might 
be attacked at Common Law" for libel, and is asking the opinion of the 
Lord Chancellor, the greatest lawyer of his age. No note of his answer 
appears, but it was probably encouraging, and may have contributed a good 
deal to the perseverance with which a trial in court was requested by the 


LONDON, 19 February 1756. 
British Museum, Additional 35,594, f. 35. 

MY LORD, My Lord Willowby of Parham tells me that y r 
Lordship would be glad to see those letters, supposed to be written 
by Archibald Bower Esq r , w ch I have & have had some time in my 
possession. I take the libertye to send them to y r Lordship, & beg the 
favor of y r Lordship to shew them to his Grace the Duke of Argyle ; 
& his Grace will be pleased to read the letter (marked upon the back 
nufn 2) w th attention. I believe his Grace can explain a passage in it, 
that will leave no room for doubt, weither those letters are forged or 

I am, My Lord, Your Lordship s most obedient humble servant 
feb. i9 th 1756. HENRY BEDINGFELD. 

I shall take it as a favor if y r Lordship will please not to Ictt any 
copies be taken. 


LONDON, 21 February 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, n. 64. Original. 

SIR, I beg y favor of you, when you see my Lord Willowby, to 
express to him the obligations I lay under to his Lordship, for the 
trouble his Lordship has given himself to call so often at my Lodgings, 
& for w ch , as alsoe for his goodnesse in y" trouble his Lordship has 
taken about the letters, I am at a loss for words to explain my gratefull 
acknowledgments. My complaint will not permitt me to goe into y e 
Country this week. 


I owne I wish, my Lord Chancellour would examine M r Millers 
receipt book, &: your receipts, w tu the letters, before his Lordship 
returns them, & I owne if they are forged ones, & forged in order to 
depreciate the validity of y e book called The lives of y f popes, I think 
the Author of that forgery might have made [one] of greator con 
sequence ; & therefore must differ in opinion w th a verry great man 
that the shewing these letters is a better answer then the Court of 
Rome can make. 

M r Garrick, I suppose, will tell you something about D 1 Browne, 
& \v ch I shall explain to you when I have the honor to see you. 

If I am attack d at Common Law, I am already prepar d, having 
retain d (for that Court) S r Richard Loyd & M 1 Sergeant Prime. 
I am S 1 ", your most obliged hum. Servant, 


Addressed. To the Reverend Doctor Birch in Essex Street. 


LONDON, 22 February 1756. 
B.M., Additional ^^s,, fol. 36. 

MY LORD, When I had y e honor to write to y r Lordship by my 
Lord Willowby, I was in such a hurry (least his Lordship should be 
gone to y e house of Lords) that I forgott to mention to y r Lordship the 
reason why I desired y r Lordship to ask the Duke of Argyle to read 
the second letter w* attention, & I beg leave now to rectifye that 

In that letter it is mentiond, " I Jiave recevd a letter from M r 
Carterett in M r Retz * name, to ask me what province I like best." 

I thought that point of to great a moment not to be enquired into, 
& therefore I ask d M r Carterett, weither it was true. He told me it 
was. I ask d him besides weither he had acquainted the Duke of 
Argyle & the Lord Winchelsea (w th both I knew he has had y e honor 
of many years acquiantance) w th it. He told me that in the conversa 
tion he had w th the last, nothing being mentiond of M r Bower, he did 
not mention any thing to his Lordship ; but the contrary hapning at 
the Duke of Argyle s, he told his Grace that he had had a letter from 
M r Retzs to that effect, that he either by word of mouth or by letter 
had acquainted M r Bower w th it ; that he could \v th safety take his oath 
of it, &: that there was a gentleman, a member of Parliament, who lives 
w th him (I suppose M r Fletcher) present at that time he spoke w th his 
Grace, & that his Grace said he would call upon me to see those 

If y r Lordship will please to shew this letter to his Grace, (& to 
nobody else), his Grace will then know upon what part of y e letter he is 
desired to reflect upon. 

I humbly beg y r Lordships pardon for giving y r Lordship the 
trouble of this letter, 

I am, with the utmost respect, my Lord, y r Lordships most 
obedient & most humble servant HENRY BEDINGFELD. 

22 feb. 1756. 

# In margin, " The generall of ye Jesuits." Tins sentence is quoted from the 
first of the " Six Letters. 



If the Jesuits forged those six letters, I think they will loose the 
opinion the generality of Mankind conceives of them of being a 
cunning sett of people. 

On the 2nd of March, Bower advertised again that he had asked for 
copies of the " five " letters, and could not get them$ though he knew they 
were "forgeries, to the prejudice of his character." So Sir Henry continued 
to expect a summons, but none came. (Bower, Affidavit, p. 8. The original 
newspaper, The Public Advertiser, is in Sloane 4234, fol. 153.) 

In the second letter, it will be noticed that Mr. Garrick was going to tell Dr. 
Birch something about " Dr. Brown," i.e. John Brown, a well-known, clever 
but eccentric writer, author of the Essay on Satire, who however eventually 
committed suicide (D.A T .B., vii. 17). He, in company with Garrick, had a 
long interview with Bower, and on some points they were inclined to favour 
him. When therefore on the 8th of April a letter appeared in the Evening 
Advertiser over the initials J. B., and strongly in Bower s favour (Affidavit, 
p. 8; Sloane 4234, 156: Original), Sir Henry attributed it to Brown, but in 
this he was mistaken, as the sequel will show. 


13 April, 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, n. 66. 

S r , I wrote yesterday to M r Douglas, my thoughts about a letter 
in Y e Evening Advertiser of y e 8 th ins*. I think it is pitty that so 
good a pen, should not be employed upon a better subject, at least 
should not be more attentif to truth & avoid scurrility. 

I mentiond in my letter my thoughts of letting it be advertised, 
that upon M r Bower 8 taking his oath in a publick court, according to 
his advertisement,* he should have a copye of y r letters, but upon 
reflection, I desire that may be entirely layd aside. For, as I am fully 
convinced in my owne Conscience that the letters are genuine, I 
cannot, neither in conscience nor honor, take any step to entice a man 
to be perjured, & I have (God forgive me) a verry indifferent opinion 
of him, so farr as to think he would goe any length 3 he could w th 
safety or secretcy. 

As I think the writer reflects pretty much upon y r Clergy, as well as 
upon ours, I think it would not be improper to consult those of y e 
Reverend Bench who think M r B. guilty. (M r Douglas writes me word, 
that the Bishops of Norwich & Worster are of that opinion,) what kind 
of answer should be return d. For my part, I would [have] inserted 
(by way of Postcript) something to this purpose 

"That the gentleman in whose Custody those letters are, is in y e 
" Country but has read the scurrilous letter, & full of falshoods that 
" he despises such a way of proceeding, as he would publickly by name, 
" the Author, if he knew him that he had verry good reasons at first 
" to believe the letters were genuine, & has heard of none, to make him 
" alter his opinion, therefore is determined to take y e first opportunity, 
" to have y e opinion of a Court of Justice about y e validity of them, 
" that the nation may see who is y e impostor, & who has been imposed 

% The meaning is, as will appear from the sequel, " If Bower will appear in 
a public court and depose that what he has advertised is true, then he shall 
have," c. 


" upon, & who ought to be left to their proper companions disapoint- 
" ment & remorse." 

I must leave it to my friends to word it properly, but I would not 
have anything advertised any other way, then by way of Postcript, to 
what you, & y r friends thinks proper in your owne justification to 
publish, &: I will pay all y e expence. 

If D r B[ro\vn] be y e Author of this letter, it plainly shews, that my 
servant faithfully related to me y e message he left w th him, &: that he 
has grosly imposed upon M r Garrick, by contradicting of it, as I have 
it under M r Garricks hand at London. Pray tell this to M r Garrick 
from me, that I think he is not well used in this affaire by his friend. 

My health is but verry indifferent, & has been worse this last 
fortnight, but I am flatterd by the faculty, that it should soon find a 
great amendment. 

I am S r , your most obliged hum. Servant 


Aprill \yh 1756. 

I must beg of my friends to procure me as many Witnesses to 
prove B. s hand writing, as it 8 possible. The more we have (I value no 
expence) the more weight it will carrye, but I would have none, but 
credible and fair ones ; Mr. C[arteret] would have appeared in Court 
to support upon oath what he told the U[uke] of A[rgyle], if his Grace 
should have required it. 

What does the writer [J. B.] mean, by " hon ble names amongst the 
dead as well as amongst the living " that have been slander d ? 

There are here two points of importance : the letter suspected to have 
been written by Brown, and giving up the idea of challenging Bovver to 
confirm his assertions by his oath. 

The first point fell out better than Sir Henry feared. Dr. Birch wrote to 
Brown, who answered on the I5th of April from Prior Park, where he was 
staying with Warburton, that he had not written the letter in the Evening 
Advertiser, and that both he and Garrick, though not yet convinced in the 
matter of the Letters, were at a loss to conceive what the security was, 
which Bower could have accepted for his pension, and asked Birch if he 
could tell them (Original, Sloane 4234, fol. 84). Birch, no doubt, told him 
in reply that Bower had accepted the good faith of the very Jesuits who he 
now professed to believe had always been intent on taking his life (see 
above, p. 171). To Sir Henry, Dr. Birch would have been able to give a 
satisfactory answer on this point. 

On the second point, the refusal of Sir Henry to challenge Bower s oath, 
both Douglas and Birch were disappointed. Both thought (erroneously, as 
the event proved) that Bower would have shirked the challenge, and Birch had 
heard that Bower was saying, " If they will not believe my denials, neither 
will they believe my oath." 

Douglas told Birch on the i6th of April that Sir Henry was back in his 
lodgings in Piccadilly, and expected "a crowded levee" to inspect the 
celebrated letters, and Dr. Birch might bring any one he liked between ten 
and twelve o clock. (Originals, Stcane 4234, ff. 82, 83.) 

After this a lull in this curious conflict seems to have occurred from the 
1 8th of April to the i8th of May, at the end of which time we find that Sir 
Henry had waived his objection to the challenge, and in the Evening 
Advertiser for that day a notice from him appeared stating that after Bower s 
advertisements he could expect nothing less than an action for slander. 


Now, however, as no action was brought, if Bower would take an oath in 
court to the truth of his own advertisements, he should receive copies of the 
letters. To this Bower answered by another advertisement in the same 
paper for the Saturday, May 22, declaring that he would even himself 
publish the letters, if he might have the copies. (Originals, Sioanc 4234, 
It". 158, 1 60 ; Affidavit, pp. 9, 10.) 

Sir Henry was afterwards informed that Bower, in spite of this 
answer, was still "determined not to take the oath," until he casually 
heard the "opinion of a great lawyer" that there was no danger of a prose 
cution for perjury upon a "voluntary" oath. So he had recourse to Sir 
George Lyttelton to have a form of oath drawn in the strongest possible 
terms (p. 185). This form he carried to Westminster Hall on the last day of 
May, and made an "affidavit" to its truth. A copy of this document was 
thereupon sent to the baronet, who after looking into its validity sent Bower 
the copies of the six letters on the 5th of June. 

Bower hereupon published his Affidavit in answer to the false accusa 
tions brought against him by the Papists. As the title indicates, Bower 
"put the whole affaire upon a point of Religion" (p. 185). It was a trick 
of the Jesuits, he said, made in order to sully the fame of the historian 
of the Popes, and his pamphlet, as we shall see, proved a considerable 
success. He did not himself print the Six Letters, but he promised to do 
so, when he had made further inquiries into their origin. 

All this convinced Sir Henry and his advisers that they too must take 
the public into their confidence, and they were fortunately able at this very 
juncture to discover some circumstantial evidence of the highest importance. 
On the very day that Bower made his affidavit the baronet sent the following 
billet to Dr. Birch (S/oane 4300, n. 223) : 

If D r Birch can wait upon S r Henry B. to Wyld Street Tomorrow 
evening, between six & seven, Sir Henry will call upon him then, 
being vastly desirous that the intended visit should be as soon as 
possible. M r Douglas will accompany S r H. 

Monday. 3 o clock. 

The intended visit was to Mrs. Hoyles, a convert to Catholicism. Strange 
as it may seem, she had been moved to this step by conversations with Bower, 
who had visited her at Wild Street as early as 1727 or 1728. This kindly 
good woman, seeing Bower in a state of doubt and fluctuation, advised him 
to read Anglican divines, upon which he spoke so forcibly about the rise of 
Protestantism, that she was herself upset. Bower himself pointed out a 
priest (one of his old confreres) passing in the street, telling her that he could 
solve all her doubts. Finally, about the year 1636, she was received into the 
Church. Then with female diplomacy she praised the Anglicans in her 
husband s presence before Bower, and induced a controversy between them, 
in which her husband was so thoroughly worsted that he too became a 
Catholic. It was only after her conversion by the Jesuit whom Bower had 
pointed out, that Father Richard Parkinson, for that was his name (see 
Foley, vii. 570) told her that Bower himself was a priest. After this Bower 
disappeared from her ken for some time, and when he returned, he seemed 
sad, and said he had been ill. She asked if she might bring in Father 
Carteret, of whose virtues Bower had himself spoken to her in previous 
years. Bower consented, Carteret came, and there ensued that period of 
conversion, real, half-real, or fictitious, which came to an end, as we have 
heard, with the Six Letters. 

This story was taken down by Douglas on the day above assigned, and 
his MS. is at folio 41 of Dr. Birch s oft-quoted volume, Sloane 4234 (printed 
in full, Six Letters, p. 74). After leaving Mrs. Hoyle in Great Wild Street, 
they turned into Little Wild Street to take down the evidence of Mr. Home. 
He had been surgeon to the Empress of Russia. He used to live with Father 


Carteret, and remembered meeting Bower, at Carteret s house, during the 
period of his conversion (SloaneMS., ibid. ; Si.r Letters, p. 82). Mr. Gay s 
evidence was perhaps obtained separately. He had once been a servant of 
the Jesuits, when they lodged "at Mrs. Fleetwood s " in Little Wild Street. 
He was very old, and not very clear, but stated that he had actually served 
Bower s Mass, at the time of his reconciliation. 

The next letter shows us Sir Henry returned to Oxburgh, but still diligent 
in collecting information. Douglas is writing his answer to the Affidavit, 
but his chaplaincy to Lord Bath causes delays. 


17 June 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, n. 69. 

DEAR SIR, As I have not heard anything from M r Douglas, since 
I left London, I conclude he has made w th L d Bath, a little tour in y e 

I recevd last week a letter from an acquaintance of mine, an English 
Gentleman now at Dublin, but who will be back here by Michelmas, that 
a Reverend Prelate of the Church of Englandj* told him, that he had it 

from M r B s owne mouth, that the Grand Duke of Tuscany being 

acquainted w th his family, sent for him into Italy, when he was but five 
years old, and bred him up in his dominions. Now this gentleman 
that writes this account, can and will attest, that he was at Rome when 
M r B. came first into Italy, & that he might be then about 18 years of 
age, & that he could not then speake one word of Italian w ch I think 
w th his great parts he certainly must have done, had he been twelfe 
years, in y e Grand Duke 8 dominions. I immediately answered his letter, 
and beg d the favor of him, to gett that fact attested under y e Bishop* 
owne hand. If I succeed, I will forewar d it to you. 

The oath Mr. B has publish d, as by him taken, has done him all 
the service, here in y c Country, he could wish & expect, & I suppose 
is attended w th the same success in town 

I am S 1 your Most Obed fc hum b Servant 


OXBURGII, June I7" 1 1756. 


26 June 1756. 
B.M., S!oanc 4234, f. 82. Draft. 

SIR, I have delay d acknowledging your Favour of the [?i7 th ] 
inst, till I should have an opportunity of communicating it to M r 
Douglas, who has for this fortnight past been much out of town, & told 
me on thursday that he is to go this Day with Lord Bath to Chelten 
ham for six Weeks. 

He intends to make some use of the Information of your Dublyn 
Friend, which is a new proof of the falsity & inconsistency of the 
Tales, which M r B. has so long been imposing upon the honest & 

This Affidavit has turn d the scale for the present in his favour 
among those who are unacquainted with the facts against him, & who 
will undoubtedly change their Opinion when they come to see things 
represented in their full and proper Light. 

* This was the Bishop of Walcrford. See p. 185. 


M r Andrew Millar the Bookseller is inform d that M r B. is in the 
press, probably with the six letters and some general remarks on them.* 
But I am persuaded that he will be very cautions of entering in par 
ticulars in which he might expect to be contradicted, and that he will 
not appear in print at all on [that] question, if he were sure that nothing 
would be published on the other side. 

His letters to M r Carteret, if they are to be secured, will be a decisive 
blow against him. I hope the country air has fully restored your health, 
and am Sir &c. 

On the 29th of June, Douglas s pamphlet entitled Six Letters from A d 

/; r to l<r. Sheldon were published. Dr. Birch s copy of it, with his note of 

the date, is in the British Museum, 699, e. I. Sir Henry, as was but natural, 
looked first to the weak points. He thinks that by waiting longer they might 
have had Bower s promised comments on the Six Letters, but in truth 
Remarks on the Six Letters did not appear till January 6, 1757- Sir Henry 
also objected to the publication of the statement by the Jesuit Procurator, 
Father John Poyntz, at p. 65, as to the payments made by the Jesuits to 
Bower. Douglas had spoken of him under so slight a disguise, that other 
priests who had evidence to give would be scared. 

l Jb J 756. 

B.M., Sloane 4234, n. 72. 

SIK, I came hither the beginning of this week to trye the benefitt 
of bathing in salt water, but not meeting w th any encouragement, I shall 
return to Oxburgh this evening. I received last thursday a pamphlett 
printed by one Morgan, but as there was no letter w th it, nor no name 
of y e author, I must be at a loss to know from whence it came. 

As M r Bower had advertised this day sennight that he would pub 
lish (the) letters w th notes etc. etc. after a Second Swearing, I should 
have thought it much more prudent of (y e ) publisher, to have staid a 
little longer, to have (seen) what inconsistencies the gentleman would 
have printed, w ch he will now artfully contrive to (avoid). 

I am sorry the letter is printed sign d P /. w th some remarks. 

First no such thing ought in my opinion to have been done w th out his 
consent : & I fear it will be a totall hindrance to my friends, in y e pro 
secution of their endeavours, to procure me the other letters, so long 
expected & so long wish d for, as they find their transactions (& what 
they are) are made publick. 

I have been promis d Doctor Law s account (w ch he sent you) from 
M r Bower 8 owne mouth,| but have yett heard nothing of it. 

I am S r , y r Obed* 1 hum. Servant 


I should be curious to know, what are the sentiments about this 
pamphlett, in a certain house in Ormond Street.^ 

Mrs. Conor s husband died in 1746. Might not M r B., who then 
lived in y e house many years (have) conceived hopes of marrying 

* As appears from the sequel he was printing an Appendix to his Affidavit. 
t See above, p. 1 74. 

* The inference is that Sir George Lyltelton is intended. 


her.* If so, that plainly shews why he wanted y e principall money, for an 
annuity & from such a Corner, would not answer the Gentleman 5 pur 
pose. He married her, Dec. 1749. It is reported that her husband 
kept a Madam & who went into deep mourning at his death. 

M Conor (according to y e reports I have heard) has y e interest for 
life of ^4000. 


LONDON, lojufy 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, fol. 81. Draft. 

SIR, My absence from London prevented my receiving your Letter 
of the 3 rd instant till the 8 th in the Evening & acknowledging it till 
this post. 

M r Douglas, who went to Cheltenham with Lord Bath this day 
fortnight & is to stay there about 10 Days longer, order d the Six 
Letters, &c., to be sent to you. He was at too great a Distance from 
London to direct that the publication of that pamphlet should be 
suspended till after that of Bower should appear. 

But the Event has shown that the anticipation has had no ill Con 
sequence, since B. has made no alteration in his piece, which had been 
some days printed off, & only added the postscript, which has convinc d 
the public that he has nothing to oppose to the system of facts urg d 
against him. The other pamphlet [i.e. the Six Letters} of which 
almost the [entire impression of 1500 is already sold, has indeed had 
great success in proving the charges alleged in regard to him undoubi- 
fi(l~\, and some of his former friends have totally abandon d his Cause. 

I am impatient to know the present opinion of his great patron. 

I wish the Letter of M r P[oyntz] had been suppressed, especially if 
the printing it should be followed by the Refusal to communicate 
[to us] B. s [letters] to M r Carteret. 

I am with the sincerest Wishes for your health 

Sr Your most ob. & most humble servant. 


OXBUKGH, \zju!y 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, n. 74. 

DEAR SIP, This morning I was favor d w th y r letter, & am very 
glad to hear there has been so great a demand for y e Pamphlet, 
if any Reverend Prelate or Divine of y e Church of England would now 
openly take y c affaire in hand & print something to w ch he would affix 
his name, it would entirely drive Bower out of his last entrenchments, 
w ch is that strong one of religion, & upon w ch I dare say he will build 
his whole strength in his reply, & I cannot but persuade my self that 
out of so many great & emminent persons of y c sacred Caracter, that 
are entirely persuaded of y e validity of y e facts alledged against M r B., 
some one will have Courage enough to sett his name to a work, & w ch 
would give the famous gentleman his Coup de grace. 

There is another letter from y e same person to father Sheldon, not 

* In his references to this matter Bower s words are obscure, and not very 
trustworthy. He seems to say that Mrs. Conor s husband was not dead in 1746, and 
that the only lady he was intimate with in that year was a certain Mrs. Hamilton. 
Sec above, p. 167. 


yett in my possession, more pathetick then any we have yett read, &: 
attended w th a verry particular Circumstance. A gentleman * writes to 
me from abroad, that about y e year 1746 or 1747, M r B r came to him 
& desired him to write to father Sheldon in his behalf, \v ch he refused 
doing, saying he must write himself. Upon w ch M r B r wrote a letter 
in y e gentleman 1 * owne Chamber before him, & in y e most moveing 
terms, w th this remarkable expression out of y e 6 th Chap, of ye Prophett 
Isa Ecce ego, mitte me He gave the gentleman the letter to read, & 
desired him to foreward it to M r Sheldon. I have wrote to y Gentle 
man to beg y e favour of him to confirm this by an affadavit, cS: if there 
be any protestant Gentlemen in y e town where he is, to beg y e favor 
of them to be present & to attest it alsoe. 

I f have wrote excuses to M r P[oyntz] about y e printed letter, & 
about the Subsequent lines, w ch in my opinion is y e worst of all as it 
describes the person. Who knows what length 8 revenge may make 
seme great Persons take ? As M r P[oyntz] is a verry sensible & good 
natur d man, I make no doubt, but he will excuse it, but you knew, 
there are others to manege as well as him, 1 will leave nothing un- 
turn d to gett the letters of M r B r to M r C[arteret], & also this famous 
above mention d one. 

Reading over M r Bower 8 narrative, in w ch my letter of y 4 th of 
June is printed, According to that I wrote nonsense & looking over y 

Copye, by good luck taken by Counccllor M clarke and attested 

by him, I find M r B. has converted the abreviation I generally make 
of y e word " and," in this manner, " &," into y e word "so" & has added 
in y e 3 d line, after y e word "you," another comma. If you think 
proper, I should be glad that an advertisement to y e following effect 
(& w ch I hope you will draw up, and signe Oxburgh June 12 th 1756, 
H.B.) be putt in y e Daily Ptiblick Advertiser ; London, and tJie 
Whitehall Evening Posts 6- Evening Advertiser. 

" M r Bower is desired to examine S r H. Bedingfeld 8 originall letter 
" of y e (4 th ) of June, w th the printed one in his narrative page 18, for he 
" believes there is a mistake of y e printer, by putting in y e 2 d line the 
" word " so " instead of " cK: " (y e abreviation of and) & alsoe another 
" comma added in y e 3 (1 line after y e word you for in the Copye of that 

" letter taken & attested by Councellour M , Clark, the word " so " 

" is not in y e whole letter, & it is wrote " (" as by my advert, &c., 
" ready /or you. 

" S r H. Bedingfeld must alsoe take notice of a strong falsification 
" of a word in a R* Hon ble Gentleman 8 letter, to him, & now before him 
" in all M r Bower 8 printed (but unrecorded) oath 8 , w ch he should 
" alsoe have imputed to y e mistake of y e press, had it not been inserted 
" in y e unattested copye (M r jBower favord him w th ) of ihis oath, & de- 
" livered to him y e 2 d of June, by M r Durance of y pay office to y 
" Horse Guards Oxb. June i2 th 1756." 

What ever the expence comes to, you will please to pay for it, & I 
will take care to reimbourse you. 

I cannot account for one thing in y e postcript of M r Bower 8 narra- 

* Father Nathaniel Elliot (see below, p. 187). He was Socius to the Provincial 
at the time the Six Letters were written, and was Rector of the English College, 
Rome, in 175^ . For the Ecce En, or Seventh Letter, see abm.-e, p. 169. 


tive. It is dated y e 30 th of June, & he says, since y e foregoing sheets 
were sent to y e press by \v ch every body must conclude that his 2 
oath taken before M r Fielding & printed in that narrative must have 
been sent to y e press, & yett that oath, was taken y e jo" 1 of June y e 
same day as y e postcript was printed. 

If you knew y e Bishop of Waterford in Ireland, he can certifye to 
you, that M r Bower told him y e story of y e Great Duke of Tuscany 
sending for him at 5 years old, on account of being acquainted w th his 
family etc. etc. 

M r Bower 8 oath & putting y c whole affaire upon a point of Religion, 
has carried every thing before him in this Country, I have wrote to 
Morgan to send me a dozen Pamphletts down, & I hope to doe some 
good by them to open prejudiced persons eyes. One Clergyman is 
already entirely satisfied, by reading that w ch was sent me, & I hope he 
will convince others of their wrong prejudice 8 . 

Before I left London I wrote to Lord Willoughby, but have heard 
nothing from his Lordship. Some people think M r B r is gone down to 
y e country to consult his grand Patron.* 

I believe upon enquiry, you will find that when M r B. published his 
advertisement in answer to my last (to w ch if you remember you added 
a postcript to refute his evasions) he was then determin d not to take 
his oath. Two days afterwards a gentleman told a verry emminent 
Physician, a great friend of M r B rs that there was no danger of a 
prosecution upon a voluntary oath, as a great Lawyer (I doe not mean 
y e Attorney General) told him & who is alsoe a verry great friend of 
M r B r . Then he went to his Grand Patron & told him he was ready 
to take it & in y strongest manner that could be drawn up you 
know y e person that drew it, by what he himself told you. 

I am Dear S r , y r most obliged hum. Servant 
OxBURGH,y/j/ \2" 1 1756. HENRY BEDINGFELD. 

I hear that M r Dodesly 8 Shop applauds y e Pamphlett. L d De L. W r 
[De la VVarre] has told a certain Duke, (since y e Pamphlett came out) 
what he mentioned to me from B r about y e inquisition, & said that M r 
B. had represented it to him in so favorable a light, that he was 
astonish d to y e greatest degree. 

You will please to lock up safely, the enclosed copye of my letter. 


LONDON, \$July 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, f. 76. Draft. 

Upon a thorough consideration of the particulars of your advertise 
ment, propos d in your Letter, which I received yesterday, I cannot 
but be of opinion, that they are not important enough for the public 
Attention, which is already fix d upon much more mighty Charges 
on M r A. B., who has convinc d the World by the postscript to his 
pamphlet, that he is neither prepar d nor dispos d to give any other 
Answer to them. 

Above a fortnight is now elaps d without his attempting to invalidate 
one Fact in the pieces against him ; the consequence of which is that 

* i.e. Sir George LyUelton. 


he has scarce a friend left, but who has read it. The Word left at his 

Lodgeings is that he is gone into the Country, & S r Geo L. 

has order d, that no more of the proof-sheets of his own Life of 
K. //. ii * shall be sent to him. If he should hereafter 
receive assurance enough to venture upon any attempt to vindicate 

th , I hope you will be furnish d with new Evidence to [convict] 

him ; tho almost every body at present seems satisfied with what has 
been already exhibited. 

M r Cogher in Pater Noster Row is meant by J. M. He will soon 
call for a new Edition of the Six Letters. I am &c. 


OxiiURGH, 7 October 1756. 
B.M., Sloane 4234, no. 77. 

DEAR SIR, An officer of y e Navy told me y e other day, he was 
w th my Lord Anson a few months agoe, when a Physician applied to 
his Lordship, to be employed on board the fleet, having an infallible cure 
for y e scurvy, & that two Lieutenants of Men [of] Warr, w ch he 
named, were cured by him, having tried other Doctors to no purpose. 
I have not the honor to be knewn enough to his Lordship, to adress 
myself to his Lordship for directions, to find out this Physician, who is a 
regular practioner [sic], therefore shall take it, as a particular favor, if you 
will desire my Lord Royston to speake to my Lord Anson about it. 

The miserable situation, I am in, at present, is a sufficient excuse 
to one of y r compassionate disposition for the libertye I take, & the 
trouble I gave you, & therefore am verry willing to believe you will 
forgive both. 

I saw about a fortnight agoe, L. de La Warr at Euston, his Lord 
ship said he was at first surprised to see himself hinted at, in a cer 
tain Pamphlett, about the Inquisition but he reflected, he said, that 
one day this winter in y e house of Lords, Lord Macklesfield, Lord 
Willoughby, & L d Royston ask t him about a conversation he had w th 
M r Bower upon that subject. He said he had told one of y e Bishops 
of it some years agoe, & repeated it to their Lordships. He forgetts 
entirely that Jie told me of it. He is entirely convinced, & is surprised 
others are not, but wants that some person of note should examine 
M rs Hoyles whose deposition seems to have had great weight w th 
his Lordship. 

Having in a some degree gott the better of y c Chief Opposer for 
giving further evidence, I am in daily expectation of receiving from 
Liege, the famous letter, of Ecce ego mitte me, & I am verry positif, if it 
is extant, I shall have it. I alsoe expect daily M r E[lliot]t s affidavit, 
about that verry same letter, at whose lodgings it was wrote, given to 
him to read, to direct & to send to M r S[heldon], though I must owne 
it is more for our private satisfaction, then for any necessity. Every 
body & from all y e Countries I have any correspondence w tu , seem to 
agree in one verdict Perjury 

I am Dear Sir, y r most obed* hum We Servant 

* The Life of King Henry II. and of the age in which he Zrccd, 4 vols., Svo, was 
not published till 1767. 



OXBURGH, 5 A r ovember 1756. 

B.M., Sloane 4300, n. 224. 

DEAR SIR, I am to return you thanks for y r favor of y of y 8 
2 1 ins*. & alsoe for y e trouble you have had to enquire of L d Anson, 
the name of y e Physician, & w ch his Lordship has forgott, but Admiral! 
Layton sent me an account of him last Post. Thank God, the pre 
scription w ch D r Broxham gave to Major Boggust seventeen years 
agoe & w ch cured him in a case similar to mine (onely worse) gives me 
great hopes of y e same effect upon me, since what I have already taken, 
has visibly alter d every complaint for y e better. 

I hope the celebrated M r Bower will keep all his employments, 
Salaries or Pension, if that depends upon the resignation of those 
truely Great, & Noble Persons ; the onely Protector 8 of y e Grand Patron 
of that infamous hippocrite. 

I fear the contents of my letter of y e 26 th of Oct er to D r Douglass 
has given him some displeasure, since he has not favor d me w th an 
Answer. All that I desired was to postpone every thing relating to 

me, & to those concern d about C ts letters, till it is determin d 

wether, (if they be not burn t according to M r p y advice) they 

will be delivered to me or not, as well as ye other letter (Ecce ego 
mitte me). Until M r Ell ts affidavitt arrives, w ch not onely relates 
to y e last letter, but has a declaration annexed to it (I suppose from 
Macerata) that B. never was Councellour there these &: other facts, 
w ch may be gather d up, & perhaps M r F[lee]t[woo]d s affidavit * of his 

having heard B re mass, will be subject enough, for a reply, or for 

a fresh attack 

Two other reasons have great weight w th me. First, I never would 
have my name mention d in any case when I had not, actualy, in 
hand facts to support it : 2 d , as y e Parliament will soon meet, some 
peavish person might attempt to putt in execution what M r Bower 8 
Country Neighbour hinted at in his excellent Pamphlett, tSc w ch 
seems to be renew d by a paragraf in y e postscript of y c White hall 
Evening Post of y e 2 ins* all y e blame (from all our people) will fall 

upon me, if any such thing should happen 

I am, D r S r , y r most obliged, hum. Servant 

Nov. 5 M 1756. H. BEDINGFELD. 

I have taken the liberty to send you this day a hare, by y e Coney 

Bower published on the 6th of January 1757, the first part of his reply, 
entitled, Remarks on the Si.v Letters, the second part appeared on the loth 
of February. 

* Bower s letters to Carteret, and this affidavit, do not seem to be mentioned in 
the subsequent controversy, but a letter was discovered from Carteret to Mrs. Hoylc, 
with a friendly commendation to Bower, and dated 27 luly 1741. Another letter, 
undated, but some years later, desired her to give " my kind services to Mr. Bower 
and Mr. Hill, as if they were named " (Complete and Final Detection, p. 106). The 
conclusion to be deduced from these sentences is extremely strong. For Mrs. Fleet- 
wood, sec p. 181. 



OXBURGH, 14 January 1757. 

B.M., Sloane 4300, n. 226. 

DEAR SIR, I received last post the favor of y r letter, w th y r opinion 
of M r Bowers last performance, \v ch I make no doubt, will be that of 
y e unbiass d learned I wish I had seen it, but nobody yett, has had 
thoughts of sending it. Was I at present in town, I could mention 
an affaire, that would strike terror, into M 1 B., & his advocates. 
Perhaps it may be as serviceable to keep it, till our answers from 
Macerata come about that romantick affaire. 

I wrote to M r Douglass of y e 7 th to desire he would make my 
excuses for not having complied w th y r intention about my letter to you, 
& of w ch my indisposition upon y e roade prevented me from having 
timely notice, & as my disobedience to y r Commands, proceeded 
from an allmost impossibility to obey them, I flatter myself you will 
have the goodness to forgive it. I have wrote four letters to M r D. 
since I came down, but have had no answer 3 , & had I not been 
favor d w th y r opinion about Bower 5 last pamphlett, this profound 
silence & not sending it, would have made me (& justly) conclude that 
the Publick was entirely satisfied of y e gentleman 8 innocence. 

I am SYy 1 most hum. Servant 
14" Jan. 1757. H. BEUINGFELD. 

Horrace Walpole (uncle to Lord Orford) comes in for Lynn, & 
M r Bourn succeeds him at Castle Rising. 


OXBURGH, \$ January 1757. 
13. M., Sloane 4300, n. 227. 

OXBURGH, Jan. \^ th 1757. 

SIR, I have read over & over M r Bower s preface to his defence) 
& the oftener I read it, the more I approve of it. The stile is taking, 
w (;h makes me doubt, it is not all his owne; but the many quibbles 
iVc. &c. and inconsistencies are certainly worthy of y e Author, & un 
worthy of notice. 

The points he has in view, are to shew the bond from the Pro- 
vinciall (if any) unnecessary, the readiness M r Hill shewd in the 
repayment of y e money (w ch , if true, would give a verry just suspicion 
of y e validity of y letters) & that the depositions of the Jesuits, tho in 
y e most solemn manner, are not to be regarded. His arguments or 
rather disertation to shew that [no] such bond was necessary, as it was 
or could be of no force, might perhaps prevail in a Catholic Country, 
but I am sure would not in Westminster Hall. I doubt very much 
wether he could have succeeded in Westminster hall, to break the 
bargain he had made w th the Jesuits, & if that be y e Case, Equity 
makes the other reciprocall. 

As to y e ready compliance of M r Hill in y e repayment of y e money, 
that bold & false assertion, may verry likely goe down w th those un- 
aquainted w th the rulles of y e Jesuits, cS: by the rules of his owne order 
(w ch I am willing to believe he had then forgotten, as he has in other 
places of his performance, & \v h makes me suspect it comes from 


another pen) M r Hill could not have disposed of y e money, either 
by receiving it, or repaying it, even if it had been his owne, w th out y e 
express leave of his Superior, w ch in y e first case was M r Sherburne & 
in y e latter M r Sheldon. 

My circumstances never permitted uie to be acquainted w th the 
Stocks, I therefore owne my ignorance in these matters but if the 
word transfer has no other meaning, than that M r Hill assigned over 
his stock to M r Bower by changing one name to another, I suppose 
when y e money was repaid, that Stock or Security was retransferd (I doe 
not know weether Mr. Bower will allow of that word) from Mr. Bower 
to M r Hill in y e same manner as the transfer but I doe not find any 
annecdote of so materiall a transaction. Sure he has not served father 
Hill w th his transfer, in y e same manner he served father Stratton w th 
his rider cN*: as to y c deposition or affidavit of Jesuits, tho I ought to 
pay a great regard to M r Bower 8 judgment, yett I must think it is not 
superior to y e laws of y e land. 

I am sorry he forgott to mention y e reason, he was so frightn d at 
Calais, w ch (by way of amendment from y e first story) was occasion d 
by seeing two Jesuits attended by Sbirres, in that garrisoned town, in 
search for one of their owne deserters, & as I believe such a thing 
never happen d before, his fright was much more justifiable. 

Another Story was also forgot, and that was as some streets in 
Macerata are extreamly narrow, a Lady or Nun (I really forget which) 
made use of a plank to travel from her window three story high to 
that of her gallant, but whether she made use of her feet or her 

b ks, I refer myself to Mr. Bower: Sure the ladies in Macerata and 

Mr. Bower s horse will make a fine figure in history and both worthy of 
Mr. Hogarth s pencil. 

I believe when M r Bower accused, to every body that I have 
heard of, the Jesuits, of that villainous design to kidnap him, he then 
abjured in his heart, that foul slander & Calumny he bestowed upon 
them, & now, that he has reason to think he is in their power, he 
like a true Stock Jobber, transfers it, upon y e poor harmless mendicant 

He says he abjured in his heart the pope s unlimited Supremacy, cv: 
for four years at least, severall times, publickly swore the acknowledging 
it, bound to do soe ; every time he made his vows, & the last time even 
added, by oath, an obedience to his Hollinesse repeated it alsoe as 
Chancellour of y e inquisition, & all this by a bull of Pius quartus to 
justifye himself of such a step, w ch some people, & I think verry justly, 
may call unchristian. 

He would fain make a similar case w th the jansenits and y e 
Gallican church I owne the learned Bossuett makes it an article of 
faith, the Supremacy of y e pope, as does the Councill of Trent, but y e 
Councill of Trent is received in france w th restriction & verry justly 
in regard to y e plenitude, or rather latitude of y e popes Supremacy, 
therefore they can perform all the ceremonies belonging to their church 
w th out incuring censure, nor has there been any Papall decree against 
them upon that account, nor will he find anything mention d in the five 
positions of Jansenius condemn d as haereticall, of y c popes Supremacy, 
so that the Jansenits, are condemn d for holding other tenetts. 


For my part I should not be surprised to hear that in france they 
have erected the statue of Mr. Bower, for by his mental abjuration, he 
has broach d a doctrine, w ch will reconcile all their religious disputes, 
& make them unanimous. They have onely to follow the example Mr. 
Bower has so gloriously given they may receive the bull Unigenitus & 
swear to it, in its full extent, & att the same time abjure it, in their 
hearts. If he has realy propogated this doctrine upon that account, 
one may safely say, he is now as much a frenchman in disguise as he 
was a Jesuit in disguise the last four years he was in Italy I hope you 
doe not think I justifye mentall reservation I doe assure you, I 
abhorr both. 

We had this day in Ipswich <Sc Norwich newspapers an account of 
y e French king receiving a stab, but not a mortall one, between his 
ribbs, by y e hand of one, dress t in a Clergymans habbitt. This calls 
to mind some verses made some years agoe at Paris, & w ch If you 
have mislaid, for I dare say you had them, I have here transcribed 

Deux Henries ont immoles nos braves ayeux 
1 un a la liberte, L autre a nos Dieux 
ils nous animent, Louis, au mesme entreprise, 
Craignes, Louis, notre juste ressentiment, 
Craignes notre desespoir la noblesse a des Guises, 
Paris des Ravillac", le Clerge des Clement*. 

I beg the favor of you to present my humble respects to my Lord 
& Lady Hardwick, & give her Ladyship the enclosed, w ch is a 
piece of nun 8 cutt paper, but not by y e hand, of Francesca Eleonara 
Buonacarsi I believe it will match that, I had y e honor to send her 
Ladyship above two years agoe I hope to be in town next thursday, 
& for y e pleasure of personally assuring you how much I am, S r , 
your most hum. Servant 


Lord Leicester I hear has putt of for some short time, his going up 
to London. 


En route for OXBURGH, 5 February 1757. 

B.M., Sloane 4300, n. 250. This is a copy by Birch, the original must have been 
sent on to Douglas, who quotes it in his next pamphlet. 

SIR, I can safely declare now, as I have often done, that my 
conduct in regard to the affair of M r Bower has been strictly honest 
& totally disinterested : and tho I hear there are some persons, who 
seem to be of a different opinion, thir treatment being of such a nature, 
& coming from such a quarter is beneath my Resentment, & only the 
Object of my contempt. Had the affair come into Westminster Hall 
(the most proper place in my Opinion for discovering either Impostures 
or Forgeries) I should then have produced Witnesses, as I can now, 
of some surprising & interesting facts. 

One of these Witnesses, if called upon before proper Judges, would 
have deposed upon Oath, what he has frequently & very lately told 
me and others in conversation, that he received from M r A. B. s own 
hand a Letter to send to Father Sheldon, & that another Letter was 
left by M r B. with one M r [? Havard], (I suppose his Landlord) to be 


given him, both which Letters he sent & directed them to Father 
Sheldon under the feigned name of Elliot Brown s &: that some person 
on seeing these two Letters in my Custody, owns the Direction to be 
of his own hand-writing. M r Bower will easily recollect the gentle 
man s name, when I mention it is the same who lent him Baronius & 
other Books, when he began (or at least pretended to begin) his History 
of the Popes. 

There is another person whom I could have produced as a 
Witness who introduced M r B. to Father Shirburn, then provincial of 
the Jesuits, was present when M r B. made a very handsome and well 
worded Apology for his past conduct ; remember his being kindly 
received & offering his money for an annuity for which affair M r 
Shirburn referr d him to M r Hill. 

Having at last within these few months got into my possession 
another Letter sign d A. B. (I suppose Abraham Broomstick) dated 
the 27 th of March 1747 & which was two days after a certain preface 
was sent to the press & which any body may see, without the assist 
ance of an [?] Ananias that it was certainely written by the same hand 
as the other six. I can add, Sir, in support of its authority that I have 
also an affidavit of the person, in whose room that Letter was written, 
who saw the unfortunate gentleman write it, received it from him to 
read & to send to Father Sheldon. This affidavit also informs me 
that M r B. & M r Sheldon had Transactions together, & that the very 
person who makes the affidavit was employed by both of them in those 

Nothing I think shews more the weakness of the Cause, which the 
unfortunate Gentleman attempts to defend, than his declaring, that 
Popish evidence in this case ought not to have any weight or any way 
be regarded. Such an assertion so contrary to the Law & practice of 
this Kingdom seems to border a little upon presumption. If M r Bower 
is innocent, why will he not try the Validity of the Letter in that very 
Court, [in which] he so solemnly has sworn them to be forged. For 
my part I am sure that nothing but Fraud, Perjury & Injustice can fear 
to face that august Tribunal especially whilst that noble & eminent 
person * presides in it, whose Decrees will always be deem d Oracles of 
Equity & Justice. But as I despair seeing this matter canvassed in its 
proper place I would not conceal any longer from you the above facts, 
which I believe you will think like me are pretty strong. I leave you 
at liberty to make what use you may think proper of them, tho I 
cannot help being of opinion, that there has been already a great deal 
more publish d than what was needful to prove the authenticity of the 

I return you many thanks for sending the paper parcell to my Lady 
Hardwicke. My Lord, upon whom I waited last tuesday, told me her 
Ladyship had received it. 

The Roads are so very bad & so very jumbling that I shall not be 
able to reach Oxburgh till this evening. 

I was taken last night with a shivering fit something like that of an 

* The Lord Chief Justice of King s Bench was Sir John Eardley Wilmot, 
a schoolfellow of Dr. Johnson s. Lord Hardwicke had already resigned the 


Ague, but hope it will prove to be the effect of the gravel, as it has 
happen d to me once before. 

I am S r , your most obedient & humble servant 

February^ 1757. H. BEDINGFELD. 

That the Certificate from the notary of the Inquisition declares that 
Mr. B. never was a Counsellour of it.* Yet for farther satisfaction M r 
Bowers Description of that abominable Tribunal and his escape is 
sent ... for a Dominican Fryer to carry it and explain it to the 
present Inquisition of Macerata so I hope in about three months we 
shall receive some authentic accounts from thence. 

This is the last of Sir Henry s letters sending evidence about Bower. 
The controversy, however, was by no means over yet. Douglas on the 5th 
of January had published a very telling pamphlet, Bower and Tillemont 
Compared. This was an exposure of the shameful way in which Bower had 
taken over from the French writer both quotations, notes, references, and 
other paraphernalia of learning, and this not only without acknowledgment, 
but under the profession that he was drawing direct from the ancient 
Fathers. The same exposure had in fact been made before by Alban Butler. 
But what no one had attended to, when coming from a Catholic pen. was seen 
to have irresistible force, when coming from a writer who had the ear of the 
public. Bower answered immediately on the 2ist of January, with his 
Reply to Bower and Tillemont Compared, full as usual of vigorous 
repartee of a personal character but with practically no defence to the 
main charges. 

On the 1 2th of March, Douglas answered with A full Confutation of 
the facts contained in Mr. Bower s three Defences, &. strong and clearly 
written statement, showing that while the facts against the ex-Jesuit were 
constantly increasing, he had in effect no means of answering, except by 
evasion and invective. Bower answered in his old style with A Reply to a 
Scurillous libel intituled a full confutation, &c., on the 24th of June. 

Douglas s next and last pamphlet was the Complete and Final Detection 
of Archibald Bower, published 23rd February 1758. Bower had a pamphlet 
ready, and published it next day, February the 24th, entitled, Some remark 
able facts relating to the Jesuits with regard to Mr. Bower by a Clergyman 
of the Church of England, a sort of red herring to draw across the line 
followed by Douglas. But the public was now tired of him, and this tract, 
as also his One remarkable fact more, fell flat. 

Though we have often heard Sir Henry say that more than enough had 
been said in order to prove Bower s guilt, not a word too much had been 
written to attain a more important point, to break down, even in a single 
case, the inveterate obstinacy of so many English fanatics, who thought 
that by giving up their faith in Bower they were giving a victory to Rome. 
Many letters in his defence were written to the Gentleman s Magazine after 
Bower s death, and Bower s friends, knowing their public, were not afraid 
to erect over his grave a monument with the following inscription : 

Here lie the remains of Archibald Bower, author of the History of 
the Popes, a man exemplary for every social virtue, justly esteemed 
by all who knew him for his strict honesty and integrity, and a 
sincere Christian. He died Sep. 3, 1766, aged 80. 

False witnesses rose up against him, and laid to his charge things that 
he knew not. They ^conspired together and laid their net to destroy 
him guiltless. The very abjccts came together against him, they 

* This is printed in the Complete and Final Detection, p. 145. 


gaped upon him with their mouths. They sharpened their tongues 
like a serpent, working deceitfully. They compassed him about 
ivith wonts of malice and hatred, and fought against him without 
a cause. 

lie endured these reproaches with fortitude, suffering wrongfully. 


The tone of the following letter suggests unmistakably that the Baronet 
is trying to recover some gaining debts. 


OXBUKGH, 17 September 1758. 
B.M., Additional 32,884, f. 38. 

MY LORD, As his Grace the D. of Devonshire * is not in town, I 
take liberty to apply to y r Grace, for what was due last Lady Day was 
twelfmonth. An unlucky accident, of a Corn Merchant breaking, 
considerably in my debt, is y e cause of my giving y r Grace the trouble 
of this letter, & w ch I make no doubt but y r Grace s compassionate 
nature will excuse. I hear our friend Southcotef has had a bad re 
lapse at his house in Cambridgeshire, & as soon as he can w th safety 
bare y e journey, will return to VVooburne. 

I believe I shall be obliged to be in town in a few days, when, w th 
y r Grace s leave, I shall pay my respects to y r Grace. 

I am, My Lord, y r Grace s most obed* hum ble servant, 

ii, Sept*" 17" 1758. HKNRY BEDINGFELD. 


Ox BURGH, 6 November 1758. 
B.M., Additional 31,067, f. 1 1 5. 

MY LORD, I have taken the liberty to send y r Grace this day, (by 
the Lynn Coach) all the Game our guns could procure last Saturday ; 
a verry poor days sport, consisting onely of a brace of Pheasants three 
brace of Patridges & five brace of Snipes. 

Our farmers are in great hopes, considering the vast crops of Barley 
here in Norfolk & I believe all over England, that if y r Grace will take 
off y e Injunction layd upon the distellers, &: permitt them to distill 
Barley, that would be of great service to the farmers & I believe to y e 
revenue of the Crown. 

I am, My Lord, y r Grace s most obliged & most obed 1 hum ble 

OXBURGH, 6 th A r 0V ir 1758. 

* For the relationship with the Duke of Devonshire, see below, " Sir Richard s 
Memoranda," n. 23. 

, . . 

t T1 "s was Philip Southcote of Woburn, youngest son of Sir Edward Southcote 
(see above, p. 77), who did not rally, but died on the 2?th of the same month of 
September (J. Morris, Troubles of Our Catholic Forefathers, \. 366). For some further 
details about him, see Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics, p. 215. 




OXEURGH, 18 November 1758. 
B.M., Sloane 4300, f. 233. 

OXBURGH, Nov r \% th I75 8 . 

REVEREND SIR I was very glad to find by y r letter of y n th 
ins* that the Hare I sent you proved a good one, I hope that I sent 
to M r Millar the same time, alsoe answered my intentions 

I hear M r Bower is ready for the press.* I believe any body w 
out the Spirit of Prophecy, may safely fortell that the Phamplett will be 
cramm d w th scurrility & falsehoods, & till he will bring convincing 
proofs, that the 2 8 th of Nov br is prior to y e 6 th & i 3 th of y e same month, 
I shall not, & I hope nobody else will, vouchafe even to give an answer 
either verbally or otherwayse. . 

My neighbour M r Spellman (alass once a good papist) has gained 
great honor by his translation of Dionysius-f 
I am, Reverend Sir, your most hum. Servant 


I beg my compliments to M r Millar. 


OXBURGH, 22 October 1759. 
B.M., Additional 32,897, f. 300. 

MY LORD By a letter I received lately from the Duke of Devon 
shire, I find myself obliged to give f Grace the trouble of a letter, to 
return y r Grace my hum ble thanks for this last favor. 

My state of health being verry bad, I am advised to goe to Bath, 
for w ch place I sett out to-morrow, when I return to London shall take 
the liberty, to acknowledge y r Grace s favors, w th my hum ble thanks, by 
waiting upon y r Grace. 

I am MY Lord, y r Grace s most obed* hum blc Servant, 


OXBURGH, 22 rf Oct. 1759- 

BEDINGFELD, i737- T 747 

These items are picked out from the day-books kept by the London 
Procurator of St. Omers College, and which are now preserved at 31 I 1 arm 
Street. The first of these begins 12 November 1724, the second begins 
23 June 1738. The money received was, as a rule, passed on to St. Omers ; 
but sometimes the Procurator buys various articles in London for boys at 
St Omers, and miscellaneous objects. These miscellaneous expenses have 
been extracted and printed, when they regarded the Bedingfelds ; nor have I 
confined myself to the Bedingfelds of Oxburgh, but have also included Father 

* Perhaps this was the One fact more (see p. 192). 

t Edward Yallop of High House near Rougham, Norfolk, adopted in later hie 
the surname of his grandmother, Dorothy Spelman, who married Sir Robert Yallop 
of Bowthorpc. Dorothy was a Catholic, as appears from J. O. Payne, English 
Catholic Nonjurors of 171^ P . 193- Edward published in 1758 The Roman Antt- 
auities ofDionysius Halicarnassus. This work was criticised by Nathaniel Hook, 
mentioned above ; which led to a reply, by Spelman, and further controversy lasting 
for some years. D.N.8., Hii. 328. 


Anthony Bedingfeld, whom Foley believes to have belonged to the Testerton 
family (Records, vii. 45)>and Mr. Charles Bedingfeld, perhaps the Franciscan 
(p. 241 .). 

The identification of the Bedingfeld boys, under the name of Clay, is due 
to the note by Dr. Birch (above, p. 165). Blandyke is the code term for 
St. Omers, being in reality the name of its country farm. 

Feb: 18. Of M r Shireborn, by M r Hill,* for a year s 

pension for Lord [sic] Harry Beddingfield s son . 12 10 o 

Mar: 26. Of M r Sherburne, by M r Hill, a year for Clay 1210 o 
Of ditto, by ditto for ditto s private expences . . on 3 
Apr: [? 15] Of M r Hill, S r Hen: Bedingfield s present to 

Blandyke 10 10 o 

Of ditto, Clay Bedingfield s board . . . . 12 10 o 
July 1 5 . Of M r Hill, M r Sherburn s order, Clay s pension 1210 o 
Of ditto, for ditto s private expences . . . 0120 
Jan: 5. Of M r Charles Bedingfeld what M r Hyde lent 

to him . i i o 

Feb: 7. Of S r Henry Bedingfield for his son s pockett . i i o 
Feb: 21. Of M r Hill, half a year for Clay . . . 12 10 o 
June 17. Of M r Hill, M r Ant: Bedingfeld order for 

what I layd out 246 

Dec: i. Of M r Shirburn a year for Richard Clay . . 2500 
Of ditto half a year for Edward Clay . . . 12 10 o 
Dec: 2. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld for 12 shirts bought at 

Blandike ...... .686 

Of ditto for silver cups, spoons knives & forkes for 2 

Clays . 7 17 o 

Dec: 1 6. Of Sir Henry Bedingfield a present on ace 1 of 

Clay s illness . . . . . . . 500 


Oct: 10. Of M r Shireburn, \ year for Richard Clay . 12 10 o 
Of ditto, \ year for Edward Clay . . . . 12 10 o 

Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld for y e carriage & cheese, vide 

24 July [see below, Expensa] . . . . 026 


June 25. Of M r Shirburn a year for y e 2 Clays . . 50 o o 
Sept: 9. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld what was due for Ned 

Clay s private & what I had disbursed . . . 2 11 10 

Apr: 30. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld |- year for y e 2 Clays 2500 
Nov: 7. Of Lady Jerneganf for y e 2 Clays . . . 220 

* Father Charles Shireburn (see above, p. 171, and Foley, vii. 710). Father John 
Hill was Procurator of the Province (Foley, vii. 360). 

t This Lady Jerningham of Cossey was Mar wood s Miss Margaret, the aunt of 
Richard and Edward. 




Jan: 27. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld for y c 3 pastys and 

carryage ... T T 3 

Of ditto 2 Clays and Blount s* excursion 9 14 7 

Of ditto I pay d for mending his watch . 0186 

Of ditto I pay d for Ned Clay s snuff box . 040 

Of ditto box & portrage of Clay s Gingerbread . 022 

Of ditto I pay d for books for y e Clays . i 1 6 6 

Letters . . . o i 6 

Of ditto a year for y e 2 Clays ... 5 

Feb: 18. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld s shirts . 95 

Feb: 9. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld what I pay d for Cley s 

violin ..... . . i 14 6 

Of ditto for ditto s vacation order d June last . 55 

Feb: 9. Of S r Hen: Bedingfeld order d to Edward Cley 
& Blount June last .... 

Of ditto Rich d Cley s board to y c i7 th Sept: last . 20 12 7 

Of ditto Edw: Cley s board to .2002 

making up his Rich 1 chamber and chimney u 10 o 

Of ditto for letters & private, & letters in Town 4 J 5 

July 1 8. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld for his son Richard s 

board to 7 th May . . . . . 17 10 o 

Of ditto for his son Edward s board to y e 7 th of May 

last past .... . . 12 10 o 

Get: 17. By a note of Sir Henry Bedingfeld on Wright 

for the use of etc .... 55 

Nov: 22. Of Sir H: Bedingfeld on account . 5 

Received of ditto ^50 to be returned to M r Walters 
for M r Clifton which I pay d to M r Fitzgerald by a 
^50 Bank Note on 25 th of Nov: Interest on 19 
E: I: Bonds due Mich: last . . 57 


Apr: 7. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld all due for his sons . 70 o o 

Afav 16. Of Sir Henry Bedingfeld to rectifie the mistake 

in the Clay s Account . 10 o o 


Jan: 10. For 2 ounces of Ap: snuff & Canister for M r 

Bedingfeld ..... o i 6 


Aug: 31. 6 pair of gloves for little Bedingfeld . 060 

For ditto a knife, forke & penknife . 020 

Sept: 6. To y e charge of S r Henry Bedingfeld s cheese 020 
Jwie 26. Y e carryage of S r Henry Bedingfeld s cheese 

to M r Carteret . o i 6 

* I do not find Blount s Christian name, nor any mention of his pension in these 
books. The inference, therefore, is that he was paid for directly at St. Omers. 


Jan: 30. To M r Charles Bedingfeld for M r Anderson 

of Kelvedon . . . . . . . 170 

May 8. A box with a Globe from M r Ant: Bedingfeld. 
[This entry, and several that follow, have been 
subsequently cancelled, the note " Repay d " being 
set in the margin. ] . . . . . . o i o 

May 31. Mending M r Ant: Bedingfield s globe [cane. 

ore., as before] . . . . . . . 0150 

A corde to corde the box for y e globe [cane.] . . o o i 
The carriage of y e box with y e globe to y e carrier 

[cane.] . . . . . . . . 006 

Books for M r Bedingfeld [cane.] . . . . 176 

July 24. The carriage of S r Hen: Bedingfield s cheese 

& from y e custome house [cane.] . . . 026 

Dec:i$. Ginger bread S r Hen:Bedingfield s order [ca nc.] 068 

Portrade & whayfage ditto . . . . . 008 

,, 24. Getting S r Hen: Bedingfield s cheese from y e 

custome house . . . . . . . o i 6 

pL b: 1 1. The carryage of 2 Pastys from y e ship Sir Hen: 

Bedingfield . . . . . . . 020 

,, 15. Y e carryage of S r Hen: Bedingfield s pastys . 030 
,, 22. To a porter for carrying S r Hen: ,, ,, o i o 

July 27. A watch for S r Hen: Bedingfield, repay d. 

For 2 boxes for y e watch repay d [cane.]. 
Aug: 9. For S r Hen: Bedingfield Doc 1 Dobbins remedy 

,, 29. Y e carryage of straw work for S r Hen: Bedingfield 


Sept: 15. To for mending a watch for S r Hen: Bed 
ingfeld . . . . . . . . 0186 

Dec: 22. The carryage of a pasty from Dover and y c 
Portrage & y e carryage from Calais to Dover for 
S r Hen: Bedingfeld 036 


Jan: 8. 5 snuff boxes for Ed: Clay S r Hen: Bedingfeld 040 
Nov: 2. Books for y e Clays . . . . . i 16 6 

Jan: 29. Mending S r Hen: Bedingfeld s watch \v th box 


Apr: 12. Carriage of Mr: Tichborne s book, Mr Plow- 
den s chocolade, ye Clay s gingerbread from Maples 
[PMagles] to [?] Clareb ... 012 

June 12. A violin for Richard Clay . . . . i 14 6 
July 6. For y e 2 Master Clays from Lady Jernegan 2 
dyals [c<wc.] . ..... 




Born, 14 September 1726; succeeded, i$Jufy 1760; 
died) 27 March 1795 

WE have already heard something about Richard Bedingfeld s school 
days from the accounts on the previous page. The first entry among the 
Expensa, 31 August 1738, for "little Bedingfeld" six pair of gloves at one 
shilling apiece, and knife, fork, and penknife at eightpence each, are so 
cheap, that one regretfully suspects they were intended for presents ! 
Evidently five cheap snuff-boxes for his younger brother Edward must 
have been for distribution (see also 27 Jan. 1744). A little later Sir Henry 
gave his children a better outfit, silver cups and spoons, and private knives 
and forks (Dec. 1740), at the cost of ^7, 175. Gingerbread and holiday 
jaunts were not forgotten, and their aunt Margaret sent them handsome 
tips of a guinea each, and next year two dials. Richard was musical, and 
took violin lessons, his instrument having cost 1, 145. 6d. One of them 
seems to have had a serious attack of illness in 1740, for Sir Henry gives 
$ in consideration of the extra charges. As there are no_ further disburse 
ments on the score of ill-health, we hope that there were no more troubles 
of moment. In 1745 we notice that Richard has a room to himself, perhaps 
a sign of adolescence. They seem to have left in 1746. But according to 
no. 3 below, they did not return till 1748, so we gather that they went to 
some other school, perhaps to La Fleche again, or to Angers, whither Sir 
Richard sent his own son later on. 

Fifteen months after the death of his father, Sir Richard married Mary 
Browne, daughter of the sixth Viscount Montague of Cowdray (no. 19, beloiv}. 
There is at the British Museum a letter from him to John Caryl of Lady- 
holt, Sussex, dated Cowdray, the I3th of October : "Lady Bedingfeld joins 
with me in return of thanks for your obliging congratulations on our 
marriage" {Additional MSS., 28,234, fol. 360). Their married life was 
unfortunately very short, and she died soon after the birth of her first child 
(below, nn. 30, 31). According to the family tradition, this loss so over 
whelmed her husband that he retired to Oxburgh, and gave up society 
except for yearly visits to Cowdray. In his later years he used to spend the 
winter months at Bury St. Edmunds. He died 27 March 1795, and was 
buried at Oxburgh. 

It is curious that both he and his brother Edward should have written 
memoranda books in their old age, without there being any apparent 
connection between the two. 


Small quarto note-book, dark paper sides. Sir Richard s autograph. The entries 
are generally made consecutively, not noted down from time to time as they 
occurred (but see nn. 15, 104). The numbers prefixed to the memoranda are 
the Editor s additions. 

The memoranda, as we might have expected from one so devoted to 
Oxburgh, all relate either to the family or to the Hall, or to local events or 
celebrities. The unity of ideas is so marked that it may be well to classify 
them at once, as they constantly illustrate one another. 


Fourth Hiironct. I72(vl795. 

Fifth Kuronet, 1767-182.4. 


d. 18.S4. 

To fuce />. 1V 


Family History. 

His father, Sir Henry Arundell, 18 ; his mother, Lady Elizabeth (Boyle) 
and her relatives, 5, 7, 8, 23, 73, 80 ; his aunt Margaret (Lady Jerning- 
ham), 1 1. 

Sir Richard, 3, 12, 19, 30, 31, 54, 102, 105, 108, 147, 148 ; his wife and her 
family (Viscounts Montague of Cowdray), 19, 21, 30, 33, 61, 101, 105, 115, 
133, 154, 155, 157 ; his brother Edward and his family, 2, 9, 13, 14, 15, 17, 
20, 22, 25, 32, 36, 39, 98, 114, 121, 128, 132, 141, 159 ; his sister Elizabeth 
(Biddulph) and family, 4, 21, 24, loo, 126 ; his son Richard, 30, 37, goes to 
old Hall, 44, robbed, 47, ill, 65, 72, first kill, 82, goes to Liege, 88, 89, 
returns for vacation, 95, 97, visited by his father, 102, 105, given a horse, 
106, 147, to Anger, no, to Brussels, 112, home, 116, on Grand Jury, 147, 
to Bath, 148, tour in North, 160. 

Oxburgh Hall and property, I, 38, 41, 43, 46, 49, 62, 68, 69, 70, 71, 79, 
85/93, 94, 107, 119, 138, 140, 143, 149, 153, 158; chaplain and chapel, 104, 
no, in, 118, 149. 

Sport and horses, 48, 50, 51, 53, 56, 58, 64, 66, 70, 81, 82, 84, 135, 139, 
146, 150, 151, 152. 

Obits of neighbours or connections, 6, 16, 27, 42, 57, 60, 63, 76, 78, 83, 
91, 92, 99, 100, 103, 107, 113, 120, 125, 130, 133, 134, 136, 137, 142, 144, 145, 

Miscellaneous : marriages, births, local events, &c., 35, 40, 45, 54, 55, 67, 
74, 75, 77. 9, "7, 121, 122, 123, 124, 127, 129, 149. 

These memoranda, so far as they go, confirm the family tradition that 
Sir Richard, after his wife s death, lived almost entirely at Oxburgh, always 
however remaining most affectionately united to his wife s family. His 
chief interest, we also see, is centred in his son. He has him home for 
vacations from abroad, an unusual course for those days, and he goes twice 
to visit him at Liege. On one important point these memoranda correct an 
unfavourable idea, which was once current at Oxburgh, and has been 
mentioned by Miss Stone in her otherwise admirable essay, "A House and 
its Story" (The Messenger, New York, Sept. 1906, p. 250). Sir Richard, so 
ran the tradition, was thinking of pulling down the towers and filling up the 
moat, when death intervened and saved these glories of the house. This 
rumour presumably had its origin in the regrets, which every one must feel, 
for the "pulling down y c old Hall" (n. 43), whether that was justifiable or 
not. In fact we see here (nn. 143, 153) that his last undertaking for 
Oxburgh was to buy 300 yards of iron chain wherewith to rail in the moat. 
This chain was hung upon oak posts, and a good deal of time was spent in 
getting them ready and put into position. It was evidently in his mind to 
preserve and embellish the moat, not to destroy it. 

The more important points from the history of the English Catholics are 
the taking "the oath to the Government," 21 July 1778. This was the first 
Emancipation Act, which, without repealing the old penal laws, gave 
exemption from them (such as we have heard Sir Henry Arundell ask for, 
above, p. 163) to those who would take an oath "to the Government" (see 
n. 59 and note). This comparatively slight measure of relief was so much 
resented by the more fanatical section of the Protestants that they were 
eventually followed by the "Gordon Riots" (see n. 77). 

Meanwhile the French Revolution was on the point of breaking out. 
The Jesuits had already been suppressed by the Bourbons throughout their 
dominions in 1767, the prelude of greater disasters to follow. St. Omers 
College had then been taken from the Society, and the Padri had emigrated, 
first to Bruges till 1763, then to Liege, where young Richard was put under 
their tuition in 1781. In 1786 the boy is sent to "the Academy of Anger" 
(n. no), of which mention was made by Marwood. But no sooner has he 
got there than the French monarchy fell, and anarchy began to take its 


place. So Richard is recalled to Brussels, and there, somewhat hastily it 
would seem, wound up his education. The last entry describes him making 
a tour in the North (i.e. in the north of England and in Scotland), instead 
of on the Continent, and the explanation of this no doubt is that the revolu 
tion was now spreading beyond the borders of France. Belgium had been 
overrun; Sister Mary Bedingfeld, the Benedictine nun, had had to fly from 
Ghent (n. 159). The Tasburghs had lent their house at Bodney to the 
" French nuns of Montargie" (n. 147), and a collection was made all over 
England for the exiled French priests (n. 149). This was probably the first 
occasion that Oxburgh Chapel (then a room under the roof, running east 
wards from the towers) would have figured in the public papers, side by side 
with the Anglican churches. Chapels had become licit (upon registration) 
by Mr. Mitford s "Catholic Dissenters Relief Bill" of 1791. By this Bill, 
too, Catholics had become capable of serving on juries ; and in n. 147 we 
see Sir Richard and his son (honoris causa, we may suppose) nominated for 
the local grand jury in 1793. The Baronet does not record his having 
taken the oath of 1791, but his brother Edward has done so. 

[i] The Grant for building Oxburgh (more Castelli) was from 
Edward the 4 th , Anno 1482. 

My brother Edward was born on ye 2 nd of Feb. 1730. 

I went abroad in 1737 & returned back to England 1748. 

1749, June ii. My sister married M r Charles Biddulph of 

[5] 1751, Nov. 25. My mother (a sister to Lord Burlington) died 
at Oxburgh of a Dropsy aet 63. Buried in Oxburgh Chapel. 

[6] 1753, Sept. 4. Sir Andrew Fountain f (Uncle to the present 
M r Fountain) died at Narford. 

[7] Dec. 3. My uncle Lord Burlington died of a dead Palsey. 

[8] 1754, Dec. 8. Lady Hartington died of the Small Pox she 
was daughter of the late Lord Burlington & was married to Lord 
Hartington son to the Duke of Devonshire. 

Eg] March 2 1 . My Brother marriedJVEary Swinburne of Capheaton. 
I0 ] J 755> March 6. M r George Tasburgh married Miss Gage 
Lord Gage s Sister. 

[n] 1756, Dec. 20. My Aunt Lady Jernegan (my Father s sister) 
died at Winchester /Et 70. 

[12] 1757, July 2. I fell ill of ye Small Pox. 

[ T 3J I 755- My Brother s Eldest Son John was born on March 

25 th 1755- 

[14] 1756. D. his Daughter Mary was born on 15 May 1756: 

[now] a Nun at Ghent. 

* Charles Biddulph of Burton, Sussex. For further particulars see below, nn. 
loo, 126, and Payne s English Catholic Nonjurors of 1715* p. 266. 

f Sir Andrew Fountaine, a celebrated connoisseur and art collector. The 
Fountaine collection was disposed of at a celebrated sale at Christie s in 1884. 
Diet. Nat. Biog., xx. 75 ; see also n. 76. 

J For the Swinburne family, see Kirk s Biographies, p. 224, and below, p. 208. 

Theresa, only daughter of Thomas, first Viscount Gage, married George 
Tashurgh of Bodney, and died without issue in 1775. For the Tasburghs of Bodney, 
see below, n. 75 ; Blomefield s Norfolk, vi. 15 ; and Kirk, pp. 12, 171. Bodney Hall 
is some six miles N\V. of Oxburgh, and was served by the Oxburgh chaplain. &cc 
below, pp. 224, 243. 


[15] 1758, March 21. Ann my B 1S 2 nrt daughter horn, now M 
Warterton April 25, 1780.* 

[16] 1759, A pril 20. Lord Leicester died at Holkham ret 63: 
M r Coke his Grand Nephew his heir. 

[17] 1760, Feb. 1 8. Thomas my B ros second Son was born, he 
died on ye 5 Nov. 1789 /Et. 29. 

[18] July 15. My Father died at Oxburgh yEt. 71. Buried in 
Oxburgh Chapel. 

[19] 1761, Sept. 30. I married Miss Mary Browne at Cowdray, 
Daughter to Lord Viscount Montague. 

[20] 1762, Feb. 13. Edward my B ros 3 rd Son was born. 

[21 J| 1763, Dec. 14. My sister Biddulph died at Bristol /Et. 41 
& was buried there. 

[22] 1764. Anthony my B ros 4 th Son was born. He died at Bath 
ye May following. 

[23] 1764. The Duke of Devonshire died at Spa, who married 
when Lord Harrington, Lord Burlington s Daughter my mother s niece. 
The Present Duke is his Son. 

[24] Dec. 3. My B r in Law M r Charles Biddulph married his 2 nd 
Wife ; the Widdow Welld. 

25] 1765, June 29. Peter my B ros 5 th Son was born. 

26) July 22. M r Browne married ye widow of Lord Halkerton. 

27] Aug. 27. Rev d Charles Parkin Rector of Oxburgh died. 
M r White succeeds him. 

[28] 1767, Feb. 4. Lady Halkerton was brought to bed of a 
daughter named Mary. 

[29] Apr. 23. Lord Montague died at Richmond rct. 81 buried 
at Eastbourne. 

[30] Aug. 23. My wife was brought to bed of a Son at Bath in 
Gay Street. 

[31] Sept. 17. My Wife died at Bath ret. 33, was buried in the 
Minster Church where I had a Monument erected. 

[32] 1768, March 22. My B ros 3 rd daughter ranees was born, 
she died in April 1787. 

[33] 1769, June 26. Lady Montague brought to bed of a Son in 
Bulstrode Street, London. 

[34] 1770, Jan. 20. M r Dashwoodf died at Cley, he was uncle 
to the present M 1 Dashwood. 

35] 1770. This year the Stoke Turnpike was made. 

36] March 26. My B r<M 4 th daughter Helen was born. 

37] 1771, May 17. My Son was innoculated in Wellbeck Street 
London by Caesar Hawkins the Surgeon. 

[39 J 


177:. Burnt Bricks and built ye Garden Wall. 
Aug. 29. My B ros 5 th Daughter Isabella born. 
1772, Nov. 23. Bradfield s Mill was Work*. 

sK She married Thomas Watcrton of Walton Hall, father of the celebrated 
naturalist. The Diet. Nat. Biog. mistakenly calls her the daughter of Sir Henry 
Arundell Bedingfeld. 

| Mr. Dashwood. See before, p. 161, and belong n. 69. 


[41] 1774. Bought 50,000 pan-tiles & 800 Ridge Tiles from 
Holland, to new cover the House, cost ^313-9- 

[42] 1775, Feb. 28. Lady Leicester died at Holkham who sur 
vived L d Leicester 16 years. 

[43] April 24. Began pulling down ye old Hall,* & making the 
Alterations to ye House. 

July 19. My son went to the school in Hertfordshire. 
1776. I paid -2 1 towards building Swaffham Assembly Room. 
Nov. 1 6. Went the Bounderies of Cley. 
1776, Dec. 19. My Son was robb d coming from ye school to 


[48] 1777. P d Jn Bradfield for a Long Duck Gun made in 
Staffordshire 2-2- ioi. 

[49] Jan. 9. Cut down ye Alders by ye Grotto and sold y m to 
Reynolds of Lynn for ^40. 

[50] March 8. Got a Warrant from Sir Clement Trafford and 
Serch 1 some houses at Cley for Lurchers and Snares. 

[51] March 8. A Stack of oats was set on Fire in ye Night and 
burnt, supposed to be done by some Poachers at Cley ; it belonged to 
ye Widow Crowe. 

[52] May 27. Sir Armine Woodhouse (Father to the present Sir 
John) died from swallowing ye bone of a Carp. 

[53] Dec. 3. James Skrimshaw, though refused leave, would shoot, 
being qualified. 

Dec. 6. Poachers in ye Night shot Pheasants in ye Plantation 
behind the Walks. 

[54] Dec. 17. Stood Godfather to M r Norris Daughter. 

[55] I 778, Feb. 23. Lady Martin of Burnhamf brought to bed 
of a Son. 

[56] 1778. M r Coke s Foxhounds at Caldecote found 4 Foxes but 
no sport. 

[57] Ap. 25. Old Blogg died; he was of the Annuitants specified 
in my Father s Will. 

[58] May 9. Appointed James Taylor Gamekeeper by Deputation. 

L59J J u h 2I - Went to Swaffham Sessions and took ye Oath to 
Government. J 

* This deed has always (and naturally) been a cause of the keenest regret to 
Sir Richard s posterity. 

f Sir Mordaunt Martin of Long Melford (for whose connection with the Beding- 
felds, sec p. 47 above) married Everilda Dorothea, daughter of Rev. William Smith, 
Rector of Burnham, and their only son Roger was born as above. Cf. nn. 121, 142. 

J By the first Emancipation Bill, 18 George III. c. 60, the "Papists" could 
obtain relief from the persecuting laws of King William III. (and a fortiori horn the 
previous laws), by taking an oath which Sir Richard calls "to the Government," 
because it began with the words : " I, A. B. , do sincerely promise and swear that I 
will be faithful and bear true allegiance to his Majesty King George the Third . . . 
utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or allegiance unto the person taking 
upon himself the stile and title of Prince of IVa/es, in the lifetime of his father, and 
who since his death is said to have assumed the stile and title of King of England by 
name of Charles (he Third" &c. &c. 


[60] Oct. 26. Rev d M r Brown died at Buckenham.* M r Lane s 

[61] 1779, Ap. 6. Lady Dowag r Montague died in New Norfolk 
Street, London. 

[62] May 9. Began pulling down ye Old Back Bridge wh. was 
only for foot Passengers & built a new one for Carriages to go over. 

[63] May 3. A Servant maid of Jno. Mallows my Tenant, 
drownd d herself in ye Water, on ye left side, close by ye 5 th White 
bridge, going to Stoke. 

[64] May 20. Bought in London 2 Brown Chaise horses; pay d 
^60 for y m . 

[65] My son had ye Hooping Cough at Old Hall Green. 

[66] July 5. Ro bt Bradfield my Tenant, shot a Buck in ye 
grounds call d Porto Bello; it was supposed to be an outlying Deer 
from Stow Hall. 

[67] July. Lady Peyton was brought to bed of a Son at Nar- 

[68] July 12. M r Muckle came down from London to put up 
the Iron Pallisades. 

[69] Aug. M r Tho s Bagg of Lynn w tb Wincop the Attorney came 
here & we all went to Cley to settle ye business concerning an 
Enclosing Act for ye Parish of Cley, w ch was agreed to by all Parties, 
but M 1 John Dashwood in a little time changed his mind, so it was 
not carried into Execution. M r Dashwood came to me on ye n 
October to tell me he would not agree to enclosing Cley. On ye 1 2 
Oct. I went to Lynn & spoke to M r Thos. Bagg, who expressed 
much displeasure at M r Dashwood s changing his mind, and told me 
in case he should ever part w th ye Estate, he had at Cley, I should 
have the refusal of it. 

[70] Nov. 5. Bought a large horse Rowler at S r Clement Trafford s 
Sale at Stoke p (I 4 Guineas. 

[71] Nov. 19. Planted some Beech Trees & Chestnuts I received 
from Cowdray. 

[72] Nov. 22. My son taken ill of the Meazles at the school in 

[73] ^So, Jan. 28. My aunt Lady Jane Boyle the last of the 
Burlingtons & sister to my mother died at Parson s Green near London 
set 82. 

[74] April 17. Miss Stacy Browne of Eastbourne in Sussex was 
married to Sir Thomas Mannock Widower who died in Sep 1 1781 at 
Gifford s Hall.f 

[75] April. M r George Tasburgh of Bodney married Miss Fitz- 
hcrbert his 2 nd Wife. J 

[76] May i. Attended M" Fountaine s Funeral. 

* A seat of the Petres ; Mr. Brown would therefore have been their chaplain. 

t Sir Thomas Mannock of Gifford s Hall, in Stoke Neyland, Suffolk, married, 
as his second wife, Anastasia, daughter of Mark Brown. He died without issue the 
next year. Cf. n. 83. 

% This was Barbara, daughter of Thomas Fitzhcrbcrt of Norbury and Swynncrton. 


[77] June. The Riot in London, where several houses were burnt 

[78] Aug. 27. Old M rs Havers (father to the Present) died at 
Diss &t 85. 

[79] Sept. i. Got 43 Load of Gravel from Wretton Gravel Pit, to 
lay in the Court. 

[80] Oct. Cap* Walsingham of ye Thunderer 80 Guns was lost 
at Sea, & nothing of ye Ship or Crew have ever been heard of, his 
mother was Sister to my Mother & he was own B r to ye present Earl 
of Shannon in Ireland. 

[81] Nov. 29. Bought a pair of Bay Chaise Horses in London, 
pay d 44! Guineas. 

[82] Dec. ii. My son shot a Pheasant. 

[83] Dec. 22. M rs Browne died at Eastbourne, mother to Lady 

[84] 1781, March 25. Bought a Chestnut Mare of M r Farrer of 
Threxton, coming 6 years old. Pay d 10 Guineas w th an old mare. 

[85] The new Pigeon House built. 

[86] April 24. The whole Parish of Oxburgh was Innoculated by 
Reynolds of Swaffham ; all did well ; in all 122. 

[87] April 25. Exchanged a Cart Horse for the little Brown 
Hobby, 4 years old. 

[88] June 10. My son came away from the school in Hertford 
shire for good. 

[89] Aug. 23. My son went from Oxburgh for the Academy at 
Liege, along w th M r Tho 8 Angier of Norwich. f 

[90] Aug. 25. A large quantity of Win faggots \vh. M r Tison J had 
intended to burn off a Kiln of Bricks with, were set on fire Maliciously 
a bt 10 at Night, supposed to be done by some People of the Parish 
who were against the Enclosing Act. 

[91] Aug. 29. Poor Dick Godman was killd by a Waggon going 
over him. 

[92] 1782, Sept. 18. Old M r Wright the Banker died at Weald- 
side in Essex A^t 79. 

[93] Oct. Stockt the New Pigeon house (which was built last 
Year) with 300 young Pigeons killing off all the old ones in ye old 
house; there is 833 holes. 

[94] Dec. 30. M r Benjamin Parker of Fincham bought of me 
1,100 alders at i5 d per Tree & pay d me ^68-15-0, he took y m down 
himself in Shingham Carr, and carried y m out. 

[95] I 7^3) July 28- My son came over from Liege with M r Th os 
Angier of Norwich. 

* The Gordon Riots. See p. 199. 

t Thomas Angier was then either a master at Liege College or going through his 
Divinity there. Later on we shall find him chaplain at Oxburgh. We must suppose 
that he had come hack to England, either for a holiday or to fetch Master Bedingield. 
As we find that Francis Angier entered Liege on the same day as Richard Bedingfeld 
(see below, p. 21 1), the inference that he joined the party at Norwich can hardly be 
thought doubtful. See also n. 120. 

i An ancestor perhaps of the present Lord Amhcrst. 


[96] Sept. 14. M r Geo. Tasburgh died at Bodney. 

L97j Sept. 27. My son sett out from Oxburgh for the Academy 
along \v th M r Angler his Private Tutor who came to England to see his 
Relations & came to Oxburgh. 

[98] 1784, March. My Brother s son, Edward, sailed from Hull 
for Malaga, and entered as Clerk to M r Martin s house. 

[99] Apr. 23. A Son of old Mallow s of Goodstone hung himself 
there in ye back house. 

[100] May 13. M r Biddulph (father to the present) died at 

[101] Aug. 28. Embarkt at Dover on Board ye Packet Queen 
Charlotte for Calais & got over in 2 hours & 47 minutes ; Lord & 
Lady Montague, Miss Browne, Miss Hill, Miss Littlehales & Cap 1 

[102] Nov. 10. Sailed from Calais for Dover was 7 hours in 
coming over, when abroad was at Liege, Spa, & Brussells. 

[103] 1785, May 7. Rev d M r Rolfe of Hillborough died of a 
Stoppage of Urine. 

[104] July 19. M r Hawkins died this Evening, he came as 
Chaplain to Oxburgh in April 1768, was above 17 years here.* 

[105] July 25. Set sail from Dover to Calais was 12 hours going 
over. Went to Liege to fetch my Son away ; made a Tour in Holland 
with L d & Lady Montague & returned to England with my Son on ye 
22 nd Sept. 

[106] Sept. 30. Bought a Brown Crop bay horse for my Son of 
M r Lascock of Petty Gate near Sporle & pay d 30 Guineas. 

[107] 1786, Jan. 16. Old M r Crowe of Swaffham died ^Et 76. 
The Ferry boat built by Jn Pond of Ely ^17-17-0. 

[108] March 19. Widow Hawes of Oxburgh made over to me the 
,90 in Trust, after her decease to Will Hemson my Gardiner. The 
^90 is in M essrs Suffield s hands who pays me 4^ p. c l . viz. ,4-1-0 on 
ye 15 th Dec. every year. 

[109] June 12. Broom Plantation made this year, 
no] My son set out from Oxburgh with M r Meynellf for 
abroad ; they went to the Academy at Angiers. M r Meynell came to 
Oxburgh on ye 2 2 nd of last Dec br . 

[in] Aug. 24. M r Reeve came as chaplain. 

[112] 1787, Jan. 13. My son quitted ye Academy at Angiers & 
went to Brussells. 

[113] Jan. 15. Lady Petre died at Thornton. 

[114] April. Received some Cuttings of Vines from my Nephew 
from Malaga. 

* In the Oxburgh Church Registers his burial is thus entered : " 1785. Thomas 
Hawkins, Ecclesise Romanic Sacerdos." F. G. 

t There were two Meynells, Thomas and William, Jesuits, both alive at this 
time. On the whole this seems to have been the latter, who was born at Yarni in 
1744, and was frequently employed as a tutor. Foley, Records, vii. 505. 


[115] April 9. Lord Vis ct Montague died at Brussells. 

14. An Express sent down to Oxburgh of the Melan 
choly news. 

[116] April. My son quitted Brussells, came back to England 
& arrived at Oxburgh on ye 24" Inst. 

[117] 1788. Laid a brick in M r Helsham s new house then build 
ing at Stoke. 

[118] May 27. M r Reeve left Oxburgh for Liege.* 
1 19 J line. Began building ye Hote House. 
120^ June 12. M r Th os Angier of Norwich died there. 
121] Aug. 25. M r Martins of Malaga annulled the old establish 
ment of his commercial house & made a new one, by admitting my 
nephew Edward B. into Partnership in conjunction with two other 
Gentlemen of the House, himself & M r Lovejoy, his former Associate; 
this Partnership is to last 5 years from ye above Date. 

[122] Oct. 20. A Book Club Instituted at Stoke, M r Helsham 
chosen President of it. 

[123] 1789, March 18. Illuminations & a Ball & Supper at 
Swaffham on the King s Recovery.f 

[124] April 16. Got Hemson s son (Harry) discharged from ye 
Regiment he had inlisted in; pay d half ye charge viz. 10 Guineas. 

[125] Apr. 23. M rs Harvey of Oxburgh died set 85. 

[126] June 27. M r Tho 8 Biddulph died at Alphinton in Devon 
shire ; he married in ye year 1786 Miss Foucade, by whom he has left 
a Daughter. 

[127] Aug. Agnes Buckley Housekeeper who came here in 1768 
married Tho 3 Wingham my Butler; he came here 8 th May 1787. 

[128] Nov. 5. Tho s Bedingfeld (my nephew) died at a lodging in 
Epping Forest aet 29 & 8 months. 

[129] 1791. A Renewal of ye Act of Parliament for Stoke Turn 
pike for ye term of 21 years extending ye Road from Methwold Lodge 
to a Place called the Devil s Ditch. J 

[130] Apr. 13. M rs John Harvey of Oxburgh died set 66. 
131] May 4. A Pocket Pistol accidentally went off & the Ball 
went through my Son s right hand. 

[132] Aug. i. My Brother from York came with his wife & two 
daughters Helen & Bella, & stayed at Oxburgh till ye 25 of October. 

[133] Sept. 25. Sir Herbert Mackworth (Brother to Lady Dowg r 
Montague) died at the Knoll his seat in Glamorganshire, of a Morti 
fication arising from a Thorn in his hand. 

[134] Oct. 3. Miss Charlotte White, 2 nd daughter to the Rev 1 
M r W. died at Oxburgh of a Consumption. 

[135] Nov. 17. Took a Salmon out of ye River at ye Hithe, 
which weighed 31 Ibs. 

[136] Dec. 5. L d Orford died at Houghton. 

* There were three brothers Reeve, Jesuits. It is not clear which of these is 
here intended. See Foley, Records, vii. 641, 642. 
f This was the king s second attack of madness. 
J An ancient earthwork running S. from Narborough. 


[137] 1792, Feb. 12. M r Ralph Caudwcll died at Hilborough left 
his estate to his Nephew to be of age only at 24 years old. 

[138] March 9. A mad dog bit some of the Farmers dogs at 
Oxburgh, went from thence to Narford where he flew on M r Fountaine s 
servant & was shot, in ye act of attacking the man. 

[139] March 15. Bought a black horse rising 4 y r old, of a Man 
of Wearham, gave him 15 Guineas. 

[140] April 13. A Large Elm Tree was split in a very extraor 
dinary manner by Lightning. 

[141] April 29. My Brother was tapped at York & above 17 
quarts of Water were let out. 

[142] May n. M r Martin died at Malaga ?et 89, &: who was 
head of the House ; my nephew Ed w Bed. was settled at Malaga. 

[143] Aug. i. Bought at Norwich 300 yards of iron chain to 
fence round ye Moat wh. weighed 326 Ib. at 6 d per Ib. came to 


1793, Feb. M rs Helsham died. 

Feb. M r James Crewe of Cley died. 

March. Bought a Cart Mare 4 y rs old of John Goodman p d 

[147] March 22. Myself & my son were nominated for ye first 
time, to be upon the Grand Jury at Thetford assisses on ye 22 Ild March 
1793. The French Nuns from ye Convent of Montargie came to 

[148] April 7. Set out with my Son for Bath, arrived there on 
ye n th . Lodged at N 45 th Parade, quitted Bath ye 28 th & got home 
on Tuesd. ye 3o th . 

[149] May. A Collection for the French Clergy from the Different 
Parishes all over England: from Oxburgh Chapel .7-15-0, from the 
Parish Church ; . 

[150] July. Bought a Chestnut Mare 3 years old of Brewster a 
farmer of Wearham and pay 1 him ,16. 

[151] Aug. 4. Bought a Scotch Hobby of a Drover, p d 6* 
Guineas & 

[152] Aug. 12. Exchanged above Hobby for a Grey Hobby 
w th \ Guinea more. 

[153] Aug. 8. Set down new Oak Posts w th an iron chain round 
ye Moat. 

^154] Sept. 14. Cowdray burnt down. 
155] Oct. 8. Poor late Lord Montague lost his life in a Boat 
along w*" M r Burdet in Venturing down ye Fall of Water at Laufen- 
burgh on the Rhine near Bazil in Switzerland. /Kt 24. 

* The Benedictine Nuns of Montargis, under>their Lady Abbess, Mdme. Levis 
de Mirepoix, made a brave resistance to the Revolution. The Abbess s Discoiirs, 
when her convent was opened by force, has been printed (British Museum, F.R. 
1475). The choice of Bodney as their place of refuge was perhaps determined by 
the presence in their community of Anne Swinburne of Capheaton, the sister of 
Mary, wife of Edward Bedingfeld. See The Laity s Directory for 1793 syy- for an 
interesting advertisement of their school. For a printed account of their migrations 
down to their settlement at Princethorpe, see Amplcforth Journal, Dec. 1905, xi. ii. 
pp. 192-204. See below, p. 243. 


[156] 1794, Feb. 27. Rev 1 Will 1 " Young of Necton died of an 
Apoplectic Fitt, whilst at cards with his Family. 

[157] May 20. Lady Montague & Miss Browne came to Oxbrugh 
& stayed here till Monday 2 nd June. 

[158] June 12. About 2 o clock in afternoon, a Fire broke out 
at George Rumbolds in Oxburgh, & burnt down in less than an hour, 
the Barns, Stables & all the out buildings w th the Waggon, Cart & all 
Husbandry Utensils, and two Stacks nearly consumed, it was supposed 
to be done by the Carelessness of a Boy carrieing some fire in a shovel 
through the Yard. 

[159] 1794. My B rs Eldest Daughter Mary B. was obliged to quit 
Ghent & got over to Norwich on io th July 1794.* 

[160] Aug. 10. My son & Rev d Tho s Young, set out on a Tour to 
the North. 


A small octavo note-book, now containing 13 pp., the rest cut out, bound in 
marbled paper the Autograph of Edward Bedingfeld. Outside ( i ) " Journal 
of Edward Bedingfeld of York," and (2) "Mr. Edward Bedingfeld of York. 
His Journal, I7S4-I775-" 

[i] 1754, March 21. Marriage-Settlement signed at York ; Sir John 
Swinburne Bart.f & Jarrard J Strickland Esq re were the Trustees. 
married there the same day. 

[2] Dec: 26. John Bedingfield born at York, he was baptized the 
same day about twelve o clock. Sin John Swinburne was God-father, 
and M K Southcoate God-mother. 

[3] 1756, May 15. Mary Bedingfield born at York. She was 
baptized the same day about one o clock, my brother Richard Beding 
field was God-father and Lady Swinburne || God-mother. 

[4] Dec: 20. Lady Jernegan died at Bath. 

[5] 1757, Jan: 21. Attested Lady Jernegan s Will at Doctors 

[6] 1758, March 21. Anne Bedingfield born at York. She was 
baptized the same day between" six and seven -o clock. M r Strickland 
was God-father, and M Swinburne God-mother. In the spring, Jacky 
and Molly had the chin-cough at York. 

* A full account of this migration will be found in the Annals of the English 
Benedictines of Ghent, 1904, pp. 80-100. Dame Benedicta Bedingfeld came with 
the second party, and her stay at Norwich was perhaps not long. It is not recorded 
in the Annals, which mentions her as staying at "the Maynes," until the convent 
was opened at Preston in 1795- Dame Benedicta, who became the fourteenth abbess 
in 1809, had made all arrangements for the removal of nuns to Caverswall Castle, 
when she died 27 March 181 1. Her portrait is given at p. 98, and her signature at 
p. 205 of the Annals. 

f Sir John Swinburne, fourth Baronet, of Capheaton, Northumberland, born in 
1724, succeeded in 1745, and was the brother of the bride. 

j Jerrard Strickland, 1704-1791, was the second son of Walter Strickland of 

She eventually became a Benedictine nun at Ghent (see above, n. 159). 

[| Mary, heiress of Edward Bedingfeld, the younger son of Sir Henry, the first 
Baronet, married Sir John Swinburne, the third baronet of that name, in 1721, and 
died 1761. Her son, the fourth Baronet, mentioned above, died unmarried. 


[?] X 759- I" October Molly had the small-pox at York in the 
natural way. In November, Jacky and Nanny had the small-pox at 
York in the natural way. 

[8] 1760, Feb: 18. Thomas Bedingfield born at York, he was 
baptized the same day about twelve o clock. M r Swinburne was God 
father, and M ra Forcer God-mother. 

[9] In June Jacky and Molly had the measles at York. In July 
Nanny had the Measles at York. 

[10] June. 19. Set out for Oxburgh. June 21. Arrived at Ox- 
burgh. July 15. My father died at Oxburgh. July 16. His Will, 
dated June y e 17 th 1760, was opened in the presence of M r Stafford, 
M r Crowe, my Brother, and me. July 18. Returned to York. 

[n] 1761, Feb: 7. Lady Swinburne died at York. Her Will was 
opened the same day in the evening, in the presence of Miss Swin 
burne, M r Maire, M r Strickland, M r Lawson and me. Feb: 10. Sir 
John Swinburne, and M r Swinburne, executors to Lady Swinburne 
came to York. 

[12] 1762, Feb: 13. Edward Bedingfield born at York, he was 
baptized the same day about four o clock in the evening. M r Charlton 
was God-father and Lady Bedingfield God-mother. 

[13] In April, Nanny had the chin-cough at York. In July, Jacky 
had the chicken-pox at York. In August, Molly, Nanny, Tommy and 
Neddy had the chicken-pox at York. 

1763, Feb: i. Sir John Swinburne died at Paris. 

June 1 8. My sister died at Bristol.* She was born in 1722. 

In June, Tommy had the small-pox at York, in the natural 

way. Sept: 4. Left York. Sept: 9. Arrived at Bath. 

[17] 1764, Feb: 7. Anthony Bedingfield born at Bath, he was 
baptized the next day about twelve o clock. M r Browne was God 
father, and M 1 " 8 Crathorne God-mother. May 31. Anthony Beding 
field died at Bath. Aug: 12. Left Bath. Aug: 19. Arrived at Ness. 

[18] 1765, March 19. Left Ness. April 17. Returned to York. 
June 29. Peter Bedingfield born at York, he was baptized the same 
day about nine o clock in the evening. Sir Edward Swinburne was 
God-father and M" Crathorne f god-mother. In August, Neddy and 
Peter had the chin-cough at York. 

[19] 1766. In August, Neddy had the measles at York. In 
September, Peter had the measles at York. Nov. 8. Went to Ness. 

!2o] 1767, June i. Returned from Ness. 
21 j Sept. 17. Lady Bedingfield died at Bath. 
22] 1768, March 22. Frances Bedingfield born at York. She 
was baptized the same day about seven o clock in the evening; M r 
Maire was God-father, and M ra Berington God-mother. Oct: 5. Set 
out from York for Oxburgh. Oct: 9. Arrived at Oxburgh. 

[23] 1769, Feb: 27. Left Oxburgh. March 2. Returned to York. 
[24] 1770, March 26. Helen Bedingfield born at York. She was 
baptized the next day about twelve o clock. M r Biddulph was God 
father, and Miss Swinburne God-mother. 

* Mrs Elizabeth Biddulph (see above, n. 126). 

t Sir Edward was the fifth Baronet, Mrs. Crathorne was probably his sister 
Isabel, married to T. Crathorne. 



[25] Oct: 30. Neddy, Peter, and Fanny were inoculated at York 
by M r Wallis. The small-pox took place, and came out full sufficiently, 
in all the three. 

[26] 1771, August 29. Isabella Bedingfield born at York, bhe 
was baptized the next day about nine o clock in the evening. John 
Bedingfield (her Brother) was God-father, and Mary Bedingfield (her 
Sister) God-mother. 

[27] 1772. In September, Fanny, Nelly, and Bella had the measles 

at York. 

[28] 1773. In November; Fanny had the chin-cough at York. 
In December; Bella had the chin-cough at -York. Nelly was also 
thought to have had it ; but it was somewhat doubtful. 

[29] 1775. In September; Nelly had the small-pox at York, in 
the natural way. In October; Bella had the small-pox at York in the 
natural way. 

(Begins at the other end of the book) 

[30] The Marriage-Licence, given at York by William Herring 
and signed by Rob: Jubb Deputy Register is dated the i6 th of March, 

1 754 

[31] Letter from my Father, concerning the Leicestershire Estate, 

was dated April y e 2 d , 1754. Letter from my Brother, concerning the 
same affair, was dated at Bath, March the 3i 8t 1754. 

[32] The Mortgage Deed from M r Heneage is dated the S tn of 
November, 1739: and is enrolled in the King s bench : it may be 
enquired for at Tho 8 Wright Esq & C., Bankers, Covent Garden, 

[33] My daughter Mary Bedingfield was professed, taking the name 

of Benedict, on the io th of May, 1775- 

[34] October y e 30 th 1756. I signed at York the Deed of 1 ransfer 
of Mortgage &c. whereby my Brother Richard Bedingfield and John 
Maire* Esq r are my trustees for the 3500^ The Deed is dated 
July y e 3i st 1756. 

[35] Lady Swinburne s Will, dated May y e 29, 1759, was enrolled 
July y e 23 d , 1761, in the Court of common Pleas at Westminster. 
Roll 78. 

[36] Mary Bedingfield f born at Capheaton, May 13,, 1729. 
Edward Bedingfield born at Oxburgh, Feb. 2,, 1730. 

[37] Sir R. Bedingfield married, y e 30 th Sept. 1761. 

[38] Friday, July the 17 th 1778, I took and subscribed the oath, 
at the Quarter-Sessions at York. 

[39] Monday, July the i8 th 1791, I, and my Wife, took and sub 
scribed the oath, at the Quarter-Sessions at York.J 

* This will have been "Mr Counsellor Maire," Esq., of Lartington Hall. 

f T>hat is h i s wife Mar y Swinburne. As England had adopted the New Style 
in 1752, this entailed the reference to " Old Style " for earlier dates. 

* See aboi<i, pp. 200, 202 and n. 



From the Ledger now at 31 Farm Street, pp. 74, 75. This volume does not I>elong 
to the series of Day-books from which the last accounts were published, and 
this is why the account is drawn up in a different way, though I am still not able 
to balance them. 

We may notice the rise of prices. In the accounts of 1738 the annual 
pension was ^25, now it is 32 guineas, and soon after was ^50. It may also be 
noted that the next entry in the Ledger is that for Francis Angier (cf. p. 204), 
who is taken at half pension. But as his account was not paid through 
the London Procurator, it does not appear how long he continued at College. 


Richard Bedingfeld entered Sept: I st 1781 
at ^33, 1 2 [to be paid by] Sir Richard. 
1784, Oct: 26. By Sir Rich d Bedingfeld per Bank notes . 50 o o 

[1785] Mar: 29. . 100 o o 

,, ,, ,, Pension to Sept: /85 50 3 4^ 


ist half year & entrance p d at Liege. 

1782. To yrs Pension up to March 1783 . . 33 12 o 

To Music ^5, 35. 7d. other exp 3 ^3, is. 5d. 

(to Office Sd.) ... ..858 

Oct: 26. To Sir Richard s Order to his Niece at Ghent . 55 

,, 31. Do. for Knives & Scissors . . . . 070 

[1783] To year to ist Sept: /84 . . . . 50 8 o 

To Chamber fire ist year ^4, 45. y e other two 

\o, IDS. . .... 14 14 o 

To purchase of Violin & lessons on do: 7 

Months . . . . . . .12120 

To Music & Strings i, 153. 8d. To Book and 

Hat ;i, 35. 8d. . . . . . 2 19 4 

To M r Angier s Order for his use ;io, is. id. 

Postage i, os. gd. . . . . . n i 10 

To Recreations, extra Washing, implements for 

Play 256 

[1784] A year s Pension & extra to Sept: /85 . . 62 13 8 
By Balance in Sir Rich* 1 fav r . . . . 12 10 3^ 

5 3 4^ 

John Bedingfeld to Edward Bedingfeld. Copied from the original at Oxburgh by 

Mrs. Raoul Bedingfeld. 

OXBURGH, April yd, 1795. 

DEAR FATHER, Sir Richard has desired me to inform you that 
yesterday, the Funeral Service having been previously performed by 
M r Angier, betwixt 12 & i o clock, his Father was buried in the 


Chapel of the Family, in the Church of this Place. The Funeral was 
attended from the House to the Church by six of the principal Gentle 
men of the neighbourhood as Pall Bearers : followed by me as chief 
mourner. The Servants & the Tenants all in mourning. Your 
Brother s generosity to the Poor was at all times most conspicuous, 
but never more so than during the late severe season. It is therefore 
needless to add that numbers of them attended & testified their grief 
at his loss. My cousin (Sir Richard) found it impossible for him to 
be present, & locked himself in his Room. His Father was buried at 
a little distance to the left of Sir Henry. My cousin had some Reason 
to think that he had left a will, but none has, as yet, been found. . . . 
I was much obliged to M r White for making the Service in the Church 
as short as possible. . . . All the servants in the House have been put 
into mourning but I think M r Crow of Swaffham has been rather ex 
travagant (he had the furnishing of many things) in one article as the 
Housekeeper said this morning, that the maids Cloaks, would she 
imagined, come to above forty shillings. I easily conceive how much 
the loss of your Brother must affect you, but I hope you will keep up 
your spirits. ... I desire my love to my Mother & Sisters, remain, 
Dear Father, your affec. son, J. BEDINGFELD. 




Large folio (14^ x 9^ inches), bound in green, back damaged. 

THIS volume contains baptisms from 29 March 1791 to 23 January 1882; 
and beginning at the other end, burials from 1883 to the present time. 
The water-mark in the paper is, " R. Glover 1795." The first entries have 
evidently been fair copied by the Rev. John Sanderson, from some original 
which has now perished. The first twelve entries were then signed by 
Father Angier, S.J., who survived till 1837 (see Foley, vii. 13) ; the next 
seven are signed by the Rev. John Paterson. The entry for 5 September 
1803 (the baptism of Charles Richard Bedingfeld at Yarmouth) is on a slip 
of paper pasted in. The entry (24 January 1805, the baptism of Edward 
Richard Bedingfeld) is the autograph of the Rev. Edward Beaumont. 

After the hand of the Rev. John Sanderson come entries by Peter James 
de la Bissache, Pastor, from i November 1811 to March 26, 1815. Then 
Joseph de Pierreville, Pastor (2 Dec. 1815 to 10 October 1825). Then 
" Le Roux, pretre, chaplain of Sir Ric d Bedenfield" (21 March 1825 to 20 
"juillet," 1828). Sam 1 Roch, Pastor (September 7, 1828, to 27 December 
1831). All these entries are in English. 

John Gasgoine, M.A. (April 1832 to 12 June 1844) returns to Latin. He 
has made the following entry about the present Oxburgh Chapel : " The 
first stone of the new Chapel at Oxburgh was laid on the 6th August, 
1835. I* was opened on Sunday io th July 1836, and was dedicated to the 
Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin, and to St Margaret Queen 
of Scotland. It was built at the sole expence of Sir Henry & Lady 

In January 1835 one entry by [?] Anth^ M. Dermott M: Ap 

William Gubbins, 1844-1847. 

Stephen Longman.- 2 May 1547 8 May 1871. 

Then a few entries " a me A. Walshe." 

From April to July 1871. Gregorius Palmieri, O.S.B., S. Pauli extra 
muros, monachus, ab episcopo delegatus. 

Then two entries by E. Walshe. 

Then till the end of the volume, 23 January 1882, William H. Bodley, 
the brother of the late well-known architect. 


Die 29 Martii 1791. Baptizata fuit Susanna Hemson, filia Henrici 
Hemson, & Elizabethan Hubbard (Conj:). Patrini fuere Jacobus Taylor 
& Carola Orford. A me Tho Angier. M. Ap. 

Die 8 va Julii 1791. Baptizata fuit Carola Harvey, filia Thomas 
Harvey & Marine Bade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Robertus Eade & Alicia 
Eade. A me Tho Angier. 

Die i8 va Decembris 1791. Baptizata fuit Lucia Hemson, filia 
Caroli Hemson & Sarrc Harper (Conj:). Patrini fuere Rev: Thomas 
Angier & Lydia Norman. A me Th. Angier. 

Die i4 ta Martii 1792. Baptizatus fuit Georgius Rumball, filius 
Georgii Rumball & Francises Godman (Conj:). Patrini fuere Michael 
Godman & Anna Spurdens. A me Tho. Angier. 


Die 2i a Julii 1792. Baptizata fuit Theresa Durrant filia Gulielmi 
Durrant & Marian Tudenham (Conj:). Patrini fuere Jacobus Taylor 
& Theresa Hemson. A me Tho. Angier. 

Die 3 d * Augusti 1792. Baptizatus fuit Thomas Harvey filius 
Thoman Harvey & Marian Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Gulielmus 
Fade and Margarita Eade. A me Thorn. Angier. 

Die 24 ta Februarii 1793. Baptizatus fuit Georgius Hemson filius 
Henrici Hemson & Elizabethan Hubbard (Conj:). Patrini fuere Joannes 
Rushbrook & Elizabetha Butters. A me Tho Angier. 

Die 21 December 1793. Baptizata fuit Margarita Palmer filia 
Stephani Palmer & Elizabethan Eade (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Jacobus 
Taylor. A me Tho. Angier. 

Die 29 Martii 1794. Baptizatus fuit Robertus Godman Rumball, 
filius Georgii Rumball and Franciscan Godman (Conj:). Patrini fuere 
Robertus Eade & Maria Taylor. A me Tho. Angier. 

Die 8 va Junii 1794. Baptizatus fuit Gulielmus Rushbrook filius 
Joannis Rushbrook & Marian Reynolds (Conj:). Patrini fuere Jacobus 
Taylor & Helena Taylor. A me Tho: Angier. 

Die 26 U Octobris 1794. Baptizata fuit Elizabetha Harvey filia 
Thoman Harvey & Marian Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Robertus Eade 
& Lucia Eade. A me Tho Angier. 

Die Januarii 1795. Baptizatus fuit Joannes Butters filius 

Roberti Butters & Elizabethan Godman (Conj:). Patrini fuere Joannes 
Godman & Francisca Rumball. A me Tho: Angier. 

Die 29* Martii 1796. Baptizata fuit Maria Harvey filia Thoman 
Harvey & Marian Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Robertus Eade & Alicia 
Eade. A me Johane Paterson. 

Die 19* Aprilis 1796. Nata & Die 25 ejusdem Mensis baptizata 
fuit Oxburci in Comitatu Norfolciensi juxta Ritum ab Ecclesia Romana 
Catholica pranscriptum Francisca Carola Bedingfield filia Illustris 
Domini, Domini Richardi Bedingfield predicti Oxburci Baroneti, & 
Carolan Jerningham (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Joannes Biddulph cujus 
absentiam supplevit Reverendus Dominus Joannes Sanderson ; Matrina 
honorabilis Domina Francisca Jerningham. A me Johane Paterson. 

Die 2 da Novembris 1796. Baptizatus fuit Josephus Rumball filius 
Georgii Rumball & Franciscan Godman (Conj:). Patrini fuere Rev: 
Dominus Joannes Paterson & Domina Carola Bedingfield. A me 
Johane Paterson. 

Die 8 va Aprilis 1797, nata &: Die io ma ejusdem mensis baptizata 
fuit Oxburci in Comitatu Norfolciensi juxta Ritum ab Ecclesia Romana 
Catholica pranscriptum Matilda Maria Bedingfield filia Illustris Domini 
Domini Richardi Bedingfield prandicti Oxburci Baroneti, & Carolan 
Jerningham (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Illustris Dominus, Dominus Guliel 
mus Jerningham, cujus absentiam supplevit Edwardus Jerningham 
prandicti Baroneti filius. Matrina Domina Arthur Dillon, cujus ab 
sentiam supplevit honorabilis Domina Francesca Jerningham. A me 
Johane Paterson. 

Die i* Junii 1797. Baptizata fuit Maria Fowler [PTowIer], filia 
Gulielmi Fowler & Luciae Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Robertus Eade 
& Alicia Eade. A me Johane Paterson. 

Die 21 * August! 1797. Baptizata fuit Susanna Palmer, fjlia 


Stephani Palmer & Elizabethae Eade (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Thomas 
Wingham. A me Johane Paterson. 

Die 14** Decembris 1797. Baptizata fuit Maria Hemson, filia 
Gulielmi Hemson & Anna? Eagle (Conj:). Patrini fuere Rev: Dom: 
Joannes Paterson & Maria Hemson. A me Johane Paterson. 

Die i2 a Martii 1798. Baptizata fuit Maria Butters filia Roberti 
Butters &: Elizabethae Godman (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Jacobus Taylor, 
Matrina Maria Taylor. A me Joanne Sanderson, Missionario Aplico. 
Die i6 te Martii 1798. Baptizata fuit Carola Harvey, filia Thomas 
Harvey & Mariae Eade (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Georgius Rumball. 
A me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplico. 

Die 20 Mali 1798. Baptizata fuit Sophia Tuddenham filia Henrici 
Tuddenham & Mariae Davey (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Jacobus Taylor. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplico. 

Die 27 ma Maii 1798. Baptizata fuit Anna Croughan, filia Martini 
Croughan & Elizabethan Rowe (Conj:). Matrina fuit Susanna Durrant. 
A me Joanne Sanderson, Mis . Apostolico. 

Die 28 va Maii 1798. Baptizatus fuit Georgius Taylor, filius Jacobi 
Taylor & Anna? Dossier (Conj:). Matrina fuit Domina Carola Beding 
feld. A me Joanne Sanderson, Miss . Aplico. 

Die 31* Augusti 1798, nata & eodem Die baptizata fuit Oxburci 
juxta Ritum ab Ecclesia Romana Catholica praescriptum, Agnes Maria 
Bedingfeld, filia Illustris Domini Domini Richardi Bedingfeld, praedicti 
Oxburci Baroneti, & Carolae Jerningham (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Georgius 
Jerningham, Matrina Maria Bedingfeld de York : quorum Absentiam 
suppleverunt Reverendus Dominus Joannes Sanderson & Maria Burgess. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson Missionario Apostolico. 

Die io a Octobris 1798. Baptizatus fuit Robertus Barkham, filius 
Gulielmi Barkham &: Rosa? Hemson (Conj:). Patrini fuere Richardus 
Reynolds & Winefrida Gill. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die 8 va Martii 1799. Baptizata fuit Maria Kid, filia Johnnnis Kid 
tS: Margarita? Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere Jacobus Taylor &: Maria 
Eade. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss Aplic . 

Die 29 Maii 1799. Natus & Die i Junii baptizatus fuit Carolus 
Hemson, filius Henrici Hemson & Elizabethae Hubbard (Conj:). Sus- 
ceptores fuere Joannes Durrant & Anna Parks. A Me Joanne Sander 
son Miss . Aplic . 

Die 2i a Septembris 1799. Natus & Die sequenti baptizatus fuit 
Josephus Hemson, filius Gulielmi Hemson & Anna? Eagle (Conj:). 
Susceptores fuere Richardus Fletcher & Patientia Fletcher. A Me 
Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die io a Decembris 1799. Natus &: postera die baptizatus fuit 
Jacobus Tuddenham, filius Henrici Tuddenham & Maria? Davey 
(Conj:). Susceptores fuere Joannes Durrant Anna Taylor. A Me 
Joanne Sanderson, Miss . Aplic . 

Die i5 a Decembris 1799. Nata &: postera die baptizata fuit Lucia 
Palmer filia Stephani Palmer <S: Elizabethae Eade (Conj:). Susceptores 
fuere Simon Eade & Margarita Eade. A Me Joanne Sanderson, 
Miss . Aplic . 

Die 26^ Martii 1800. Nata & die sequenti baptizata fuit Belinda 
Harvey, filia Thoma? Harvey & Maria? Eade (Cotii:). Susceptores fuere 


Simon Eadc & Lucia Fowler [PTowler], A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss . Aplic". 

Anno Domini 1800. Die io ino Mensis Maii Natus Horam circiter 
quintam post Meridiem & eodem Die baptizatus fuit Oxburci in 
Comitatu Norfolciensi juxta Ritum ab Ecclesia Romana Catholica 
prrescriptum Henricus filius Richardi Bedingfeld praedicti Oxburci 
Baroneti &: Carolae Jerningham (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Ed\vardus Bed 
ingfeld de York. Matrina honorabilis Domina Anna Clifford, quorum 
absentiam suppleverunt Reverendus Dominus Joannes Sanderson & 
Helena Bedingfeld. A Me Joanne Sanderson Missionario Apostolico. 

Die 9 Junii 1800. Baptizata fuit Robertus Butters filius Robert! 
Butters &: Elizabethan. Godman (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Michael Godman. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die 5 H Julii 1800. Nata & Die i4 u ejusdem Mensis baptizata 
fuit Sara Lambert, filia Richardi Lambert cV- Carolse Reeve (Conj:). 
Susceptores fuere Joannes Wilkinson & Winefrida Gill. A Me Joanne 
Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die i a Decembris 1800. Nata & baptizata fuit Carola Taylor, filia 
Jacob! Taylor & Annas Dossier (Conj:). Susceptores fuere Th. Wing- 
ham & Anna Park. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die i7 ma Januarii 1801. Natus & postera Die baptizatus fuit 
Gulielmus Tuddenham filius Henrici Tuddenham & Maria? Davey 
(Conj:). Susceptores fuere Joannes Durrant & Anna Taylor. A Me 
Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die iQ 1 Junii 1801. Natus & Die 22 fla ejusdem Mensis baptizatus 
fuit Joannes Kid, filius Joannis Kid & MagaritcG Eade (Conj:). Sus 
ceptores fuere Simon Eade & Maria Harvey. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss . Aplic . 

Die io a Septembris 1801. Baptizatus fuit Joannes Lambert filius 
Richardi Lambert & Charlotte Reeve (Conj:). Susceptores fuere 
Gulielmus Hemson & Theresa Lambert. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss Aplic . 

Die 19 Octobris iSor. Baptizatus fuit Hilarius Lambert, filius 
Joannis Lambert &: Theresas Hemson (Conj:). Susceptores fuere 
Gulielmus Hemson & Maria Hemson. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss Aplic . 

Die i6 u Novembris 1801. Baptizatus fuit Jacobus Leverett, filius 
Joannis Leverett & Susannse Durrant (Conj:). Susceptores fuere 
Jacobus Durrant & Elizabetha Rolfe. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss 
Aplic . 

Die 9 a Januarii 1802. Nata & eadem Die baptizata fuit Oxburci in 
Comitatu Norfolciensi juxta Ritum ab Ecclesia Romana Catholica 
procscriptum Carola Elizabetha Bedingfeld, Filia Illustris Domini 
Domini Richardi Bedingfeld, praedicti Oxburci Baroneti, & Carolas 
Jerningham (Conjugum) : Patrinus fuit Joannes Bedingfeld, Matrina 
honorabilis Domina Maria Brown, quorum absentiam suppleverunt 
Reverendus Dominus Johannes Sanderson, & honorablis Domina 
Francisca Jerningham. A Me Joanne Sanderson Missionario 

Die 27* Januarii 1802. Baptizata fuit Anna Carola Taylor, filia 
Jacobi Taylor, Annae Dossier (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Rev: Dominus 


Johannes Sanderson ; Matrina honorabilis Domina Francisca Jer- 
ningham. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss Aplic . 

Die 2y raa Februarii 1802. Natus & Die i a Martii baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Reynolds, films Samuelis Reynolds & Elizabeths Smart 
(Conj:). Susceptores fuere Richardus Reynolds & Maria Burgess. A 
Me Joanne Sanderson Miss Aplic . 

Die io ma Martii 1802. Baptizata fuit Elizabetha Tuddenham, filia 
Henrici Tuddenham & Marian Davey (Conj:). Matrina fuit Anna 
Taylor. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die 20 Aprilis 1802. Nata & Die 23* * Baptizata fuit Catharina 
Palmer, filia Stephani Palmer & Elizabeth ae Eade (Conj:). Susceptores 
fuere Josephus Harris & Margarita Eade. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss . Aplic . 

Die 25 a Augusti 1802. Natus & postera Die baptizatus fuit 
Antonius Rolfe, filius Gulielmi Rolfe & Elizabethan Durrant (Conj:). 
Matrina fuit Winifreda Gill. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Apostolico. 

Die io a Octobris 1802. Natus & eodem die baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Warnes, filius Joannis Warnes & Anns Park (Conj:). 
Patrinus fuit Thomas Wingham, Matrina Domina Carola Bedingfeld. 
cujus absentiam supplevit Catharina Beddoes. A Me Joanne 
Sanderson Miss . Apostolico. 

Die i4 to Octobris 1802. Nata & Die 19 baptizata fuit Martha 
Kid, filia Joannis Kid & Margaritas Eade (Conj:). Patrini fuere 
Georgius Rumball &: Wenefrida Gill quorum absentiam suppleverunt 
Rev. Dom. Joannes Sanderson & Margarita Eade. A Me Joanne 
Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Die 9 a Decembris 1802. Natus cSz Die zo a ejusdem Mensis 
baptizatus fuit Robertus Harvey, filius Thomae Harvey & Marise Eade 
(Conj:). Sponsores fuere Georgius Rumball & Lucia Towler. A Me 
Joanne Sanderson Miss Aplic . 

Die 2i a Augusti 1803 nata & die sequenti baptizata fuit Tabitha 
Leverett filia Joannis Leverett & Susanna Durrant (Conj:). Matrina 
fuit Theresa Lambert. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss Aplic . 

Anno Domini millesimo octingentesimo tertio, die verb quinta 
Septembris, in civitate quae vulgb dicitur Yarmouth Magna natus et 
eadem die baptizatus fuit Carolus Richardus Bedingfeld, filius Richardi 
Bedingfeld Baronetti et Carolae Jerningham Conjugum. Sponsores 
fuere Cosmas Neville et francisca Bedingfeld quorum absentiam supple 
verunt Reverendus Thomas Dionisius d Eterville et Anna Darel. A 
me Th: D d Eterville presbitero gallicano ex Dioecesi Bajocensi in 
Anglia exulante T. D. D Eterville ptre. 

Anno Domini 1803 Die vero 2p a Septembris nati & die sequenti 
baptizati fuere Robertus Michael Butters & Maria Anna Butters gemelli 
Infantes Roberti Butters & Elizabethan Godman (Conj:). Sponsores 
fuere Joannes & Georgius Rumball & Maria Taylor. A Me Joanne 
Sanderson Miss . Aplic . 

Anno Domini 1803, Die vero z la Octobris baptizavi Richardum 
filium Samuelis Reynolds & Elizabethan Smart (Conj :) natum die 
prima ejusdem : Susceptores fuere Thomas Wingham Junior & Maria 
Poole. Joannes Sanderson Missionarius Apli c " B . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 15" Januarii natus est Franciscus filius 


legitimus Jacobi & Agnetis Thorpe, &: baptizatus fuit eodem Die : 
Patrini fuere Thomas Wingham Senior, & Agnes Wingham Uxor 
ejusdem. A Me Joanne Sanderson Miss . Apli co . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 28 Februarii nata est Agnes, filia 
legitima Joannis & Annse Akers, & baptizata fuit eodem Die: Patrini 
fuere Thomas Senior & Agnes Wingham. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss Apli co . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vcro quinta Aprilis baptizavi Isaac filium 
Joannis Wilkinson & Marise Carr Conj: natum die quarto ejusdem : 
Susceptores fuere Henricus Wilkinson &: Maria Rushbrook. Joannes 
Sanderson Missionarius Apli cu ". 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 22 da Mali baptizavi Elizabetham filiam 
Joannis Kid & Margaritas Eade, Conj: natam die decima nona ejusdem. 
Susceptores fuere Joannes Akers & Elizabetha Palmer, quorum absen- 
tiam suppleverunt Rev: Dom: Joannes Sanderson & Elizabetha 
Palmer. Joannes Sanderson Missionarius Apli cus . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero i9 a junii natus est Ludovicus Jacobus, 
filius legitimus Jacobi & Annse Taylor & baptizatus fuit die sequenti : 
Susceptores fuere Josephus Harris & Maria Burgess. A Me Joanne 
Sanderson Miss . Apli co . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 27* Junii baptizavi Richardum filium 
Gulielmi Durant & Mariae Gage (Conj:) natum die i2 ma ejusdem: 
matrina fuit Anna Thorpe. Joannes Sanderson Miss: Apli cus . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 14** Augusti baptizavi Gulielmum 
filium Joannis Warnes & Annas Park (Conj:) natum Die i2 ma ejusdem : 
Susceptores fuere Georgius Rumball & Maria Burgess. Joannes 
Sanderson Miss: Apli cus . 

Anno Domini 1804, Die vero 19* Septembris natus est Gulielmus 
filius legitimus Gulielmi & Elizabethan Rolfe & baptizatus fuit Die 2i a 
ejusdem : Matrina fuit Catherina Worthey. A Me Joanne Sanderson 
Miss Apli co . 

Anno Domini 1804 Die vero 23 tiiV Octobris baptizavi Jacobum filium 
Adami Sandford & Luciae Burton (Conj:) natum Die i3 tia ejusdem: 
Susceptores fuere Thomas Wingham Senior S: Maria Burgess. Joannes 
Sanderson Miss: ApH CU8 . 

Die 20 Jan: natus et die 24 ejusdem mensis A.D. 1805 baptizatus 
fuit Norvicis Edwardus Richardus filius Dni Richardi Bedingfeld 
Baronetti & Dnse Carolse Jerningham conjugum. Patrinus Thomas 
Waterton : Matrina Dna Dillon. A Me Edwardo Beaumont. 

Die 7 ma Februarii natus & Die 17"* ejusdem Mensis Anno Domini 
1805 baptizatus fuit Joannes filius Josephi Galloway & Annse Akers 
(Conj:). Patrinus fuit Thomas Wingham : Matrina Catherina Worthey. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Die 4** Martii nata & Die 6 to ejusdem Mensis Anno Domini 1805 
baptizata fuit Monica Thomson filia Silvestris & Annae Hemson olim 
Reynolds (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Thomas Thorpe ; matrina Anna 
Hemson. A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Die i2 ma Martii nata & Die i5 a ejusdem Mensis Anno Domini 
1805 baptizata fuit Anna filia Joannis & Susannas Leverett olim 
Durrant (Conj:). Patrinus fuit Joannes Durrant ; matrina Anna Thorpe. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson. 


Anno Domini 1805 Die vero 5 ta Augusti natus & eadem Die 
haptizatus fuit Jacobus filius Richardi English & Mariae Rushbrook 
(Conj:). Sponsores fuere Thomas Rushbrook & Susanna Rushbrook. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Anno Domini 1805 Die vero z8 va Septembris nata est Maria, filia 
Samuelis Reynolds & Elizabeths Smart (Conj:) & baptizata fuit die 
sequenli. Susceptores fuere Henricus Wilkinson & Anna Thorpe. 
A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Anno Domini 1805 Die vero 15 Decembris natus est Joseph, filius 
legitimus Joannis & Annae Akers, ft: baptizatus fuit eodem Die: 
Patrini fuere Jacobus Taylor & Agnes YVingham. A Me Joanne 

Anno Domini 1805 Die vero 22 da Decembris natus est Thomas 
Thorpe filius legitimus Jacobi Thorpe Agnetis Beddoes &: baptizatus 
fuit Die 24** ejusdem. Susceptores fuere Thomas Thorpe & Anna 
Simmons. A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Anno Domini 1806 Die vero 25^ Januarii nata est Lucia filia 
legitima Joannis Kid & Margaritas Eade, : baptizata fuit Die 28 
ejusdem ; Matrina fuit Margarita Eade. A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Anno Domino 1806 Die vero 2 Julii nata est Sara filia legitima 
Gulielmi et Elizabethae Rolfe, et baptizata fuit die 3 tia Augusti : Patrini 
fuere Gulielmus Reynolds et Maria Lamer. A Me Joanne Sanderson. 

Anno Domini 1806 Die vero 31* Octobris nata est Agnes filia 
legitima Joannis et Theresae Lambert, et baptizata fuit die sequenti : 
Patrini fuere Thomas Thorpe et Agnes Thorpe. A Me Joanne 

Anno Domini 1806 Die vero 24** Novembris nata est Maria filia 
legitima Richardi et Mariae English, et baptizata fuit die sequenti : 
Patrini fuere Joannes Rushbrook et Maria Lamer. A Me Joanne 

James, son of William More and Mary his wife (late Mary Cameron 
spinster) was born December 2i st 1806. Baptized January the 6 th 
1807. By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Anna Maria, daughter of Martin Curties and Maria his wife (late 
Maria Barber spinster) was born January the 3i 8t 1807. Baptized 
February 2 nd 1807. (James & Catherine Curties.) By John Sanderson, 

Anastasia, Daughter of John Akers & Anne his Wife (late Anne 
Beddoes, spinster) was born February the 6 th 1807. Baptized February 
7 th 1807. (Tho s . & Agnes Wingham.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Augustin, son of Silvester Hemson & Anne his Wife (late Anne 
Reynolds, spinster) was born February the 8 th 1807 ; Baptized Febru 
ary io th 1807. (John Harris, Anne Taylor.) By John Sanderson, 

Joseph, son of Joseph Galloway & Anne his wife (late Anne Akers, 
spinster) was born February i8 fch , 1807 ; Baptized February the 22 ml 
1807. (Anne Warnes.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Henry, son of John Wilkinson & Mary his Wife (late Mary Carr, 
spinster) was born April the 26 th 1807 ; baptized April the 30 th 1807. 
(Tho F . Rushbrook, Mary Burgess.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Hariot, Daughter of John Kid & Margaret his Wife (late Margaret 


Eade, spinster) was born April the 26 th 1807; baptized April the 3o tb 
1807. (John Akers, Mary Palmer.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Tabitha, Daughter of John Leverett & Susan his Wife (late Susan 
Durant, spinster) was born April the 25 th 1807 ; baptized May the 4 th 
1807. (John Wilkinson, Anne Warnes.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Joseph, son of James Thorpe & Agnes his Wife (late Agnes 
Beddoes, spinster) was born September the i8 th 1807; baptized the 
same day 1807. (Thomas Thorpe, Anne Akers.) By John Sanderson, 

Henry, son of John Wilkinson, and Mary his Wife (late Mary Carr, 
spinster) was born May the 4 tk 1808, baptized May the 15 th 1808. 
(Tho s . Wingham Jun r & Mary Burgess.) By John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Joseph, Son of John Kid & Margaret his wife (late Margaret Eade, 
spinster) was born May the n th 1808, baptized May the i6 th 1808. 
(Robert & Elizabeth Butters.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Martin, Son of Martin Curties & Maria his Wife (late Maria Barber, 
spinster) was born July the 2 nd 1808, baptized July the 3 rd 1808. 
(George Curties & Frances Rumball.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Thomas, Son of John Akers & Anne his Wife (late Anne Beddoes, 
spinster) was born July the 14 th 1808; Baptized July the 17 th 1808. 
(Thomas & Agnes Wingham.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Harriot, Daughter of Richard English & Mary his Wife (late Mary 
Rushbrook spinster) was born August the 29 th 1808; baptized Sep 
tember the I st 1808. By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Thomas, Son of James Thorpe & Agnes his Wife (late Agnes 
Beddoes, Spinster) was born October the 12 th 1808 ; baptized the same 
Day. (Tho s . Thorpe & M rs Anne Hemson.) By me John Sanderson, 

Andrew, Son of Ralfe Miller & Elizabeth his Wife (late Elizabeth 
Durrant Spinster) was born November the io th 1808; baptized Nov 
ember the 20 th 1808. (John & Elizabeth Durrant.) By me John 
Sanderson, Pastor. 

Stephen, Son of Silvester Hemson <5c Anne his Wife (late Anne 
Reynolds Spinster) was born January the 25 th 1809; baptiz d February 
the 5 th 1809. (Will m Reynolds & Agnes Thorpe.) By me John San 
derson, Pastor. 

Sarah, Daughter of Joseph Galloway Anne his Wife (late Anne 
Akers Spinster) was born March the 15 th 1809; baptiz d March the 
i9 th 1809. (John & Elizabeth Durrant.) By me John Sanderson, 

John, Son of John Akers & Anne his Wife (late Anne Beddoes 
spinster) was born November the 22 nd 1809; baptized November the 
25 th 1809. (Tho s & Agnes Wingham.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

John, Son of John Leverett & Susan his Wife (late Susan Durrant 
Spinster) was born December the 23 rd 1809; baptized January the 2i st 
1810. (William Reynolds & Anne Taylor.) By me John Sanderson, 

Thomas, Son of Martin Curties & Maria his Wife (late Maria 
Barber Spinster) was born December the 26 th 1809 ; baptized December 
the 28 th 1809. (Tho B Curties & Winefred Parks.) By me John San 
derson, Pastor. 


James, son of James Parkes and Winefrid his Wife (late Winefrid 
Gill Spinster) was born February the 23 rd 1810; baptized the same 
day 1810. (John Sanderson & Sarah Warnes.) By me John Sander 
son, Pastor. 

George the son of Stephen Palmer & Elizabeth his Wife (late 
Elizabeth Eade Spinster) was born March the 3i st 1810, baptized 
April the 8 th 1810. (Margaret Eade.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

George Son of James Thorp & Agnes his Wife (late Agnes Beddoes 
Spinster) was born March the 29 th 1810; baptized March the 3i st 1810. 
(Tho s Thorpe & Anne Akers.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

James son of John Casmet & Mary his Wife (late Mary Durrani 
spinster) was born July the 4 th 1810, baptized October the 12 th 1810. 
(Samuel Reynolds.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Anne, Daughter of John Kid & Margaret his Wife (late Margaret 
Eade spinster) was born January the 24 th 1811, baptized January the 
27 th 1811. (James Taylor & Eliz: Palmer.) By me John Sanderson, 

Edward, son of Michael Bridger &: Lucy Hem son was born 
March the 8 th 1811, baptized March the i i th 1811. (Thomas & Agnes 
Thorpe.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Susan, Daughter of Samuel Reynolds & Elizabeth his Wife (late 
Elizabeth Smart spinster) was born March the 17 th 1811, baptized the 
same day. (John Wilkinson & Susan Hemson.) By me John Sander 
son, Pastor. 

Susan, Daughter of Joseph Galloway & Anne his Wife (late Anne 
Akers Spinster) was born April the 26 th 1811, baptized April the 28 th 
181 1. (Tho s Thorpe, Susan W arnes.) By Me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Maria, Daughter of Robert Hemson & Anna his Wife (late Anna 
Hubbard spinster) was born May 7 th 1811; baptized May the 12 th 
1811. (Tho 8 Thorpe, Theresa Lambert.) By Me John Sanderson, 

Charles, son of Richard English & Mary his Wife (late Mary Rush- 
brook, Spinster) was born May the 27, 1811 ; baptized May 3o th 1811. 
(Tho 8 Rushbrook & Mary Wilkinson.) By me John Sanderson, Pastor. 

Catherine, Daughter of Martin Curties cV Maria his Wife (late 
Maria Barber, Spinster) was born July the 7 tu 1811, and baptized the 
same Day. (George Rumball, S: Catherine Curties.) By me John 
Sanderson, Pastor. 




Quarto account-book, containing nine gatherings of twelve folios (i.e. in all 216 pp.), 
not paged. Water-mark, " 1801." 

IT is commenced by the Rev. J. Paterson, and continued according to the 
manner begun by him, until the year 1844, when the Rev. J. G[ascoyne] 
left Oxburgh for Northampton. Further on there are a few marriages 
registered 1832-1871. At the end some obits and miscellaneous 

The census for the year 1798 is copied, and the order of the names 
noted in the first column. The order they take in the next year is 
indicated in the second column ; the third year in the third column, 
&c. Where groups occur year after year, there is evidence of their 
living in the same house or family. At first the wife s Christian name 
only was given, later on " Mrs." is more common. This has suggested 
to me the propriety of bracketing together the names of those who 
were evidently husband and wife, but this bracket is in each case the 
editor s addition. 








( Thomas Wingham .... 
\ Agnes Wingham .... 
Thomas \Vmgham, junior . . . 












Winefrid Gill 
Anne Park ..... 
Mary Burgess 
Mary Poole 
Anne [or Mrs.] Beddoes 
Catherine Worthey .... 
Helen White 

















I I 







John Harris ..... 
Joseph Harris 
John Godman ..... 











j George Rumball .... 
I Frances [Mrs.] Rumball . 
John Rumball ..... 















Elizabeth Rumball .... 


I $ 

Elizabeth [Mrs.] Butters . 
( James Taylor ..... 
} Anne Taylor 
Mrs. Leech ..... 

I e 









Elizabeth Leech .... 
John Akers 
Mrs. Akers ..... 









j John Rushbrook .... 
I Susan [Mrs.] Rushbrook . 
Mary Rushbrook .... 
Thomas Rushbrook .... 
















L79H 1 







Mrs. Moon 


^ Robert Dyson . . 



/ Mary Dyson 



| John Larner 
( Mary Larner 
Mary Larner [ junior] . . 














5 Richard Fletcher .... 
( Patience Fletcher .... 
3 William Hemson .... 
( Anne Hemson f? Mrs.] 
Anne Hemson [? junior] 



















John Hemson ..... 



Teresa Hemson .... 



Teresa Lambert olim Hemson . 
Thomas Hemson .... 







James Thorpe ..... 



Mrs. Anne Thorpe .... 




Elizabeth Hemson .... 
Mrs. Eade 
Mary [Mrs.] Harvey .... 
Lucy [Mrs.] Towler .... 
5 John Eade ..... 
( Mrs. Eade 
Mary [Mrs.] Kid .... 
Eliz. [Mrs.] Palmer .... 
Mrs. Wells .... 
Mary Wells . ... 

3 1 















5 1 



S 2 



5 Robert Simmons .... 
( Mrs. Simmons ..... 
( Charles Hemson .... 
( Sarah [Mrs.] Hemson 
Anne Hemson ..... 















Rose Hemson [? Barkham] 
j Tho 8 Reynolds 
{ Anne [Mrs.] Reynolds 
Rich d Reynolds .... 
Anne Reynolds 
Matthew Wilkinson .... 
Mrs. Wilkinson ..... 
John Wilkinson .... 
Harry Wilkinson .... 




















i - 

\ William Durrant .... 



{ Mary [Mrs.] Durrant 
Frances [Fanny] Durrant . 
Susan Durrant ..... 





C I 






1 ... 

John Durrant 
Rich d Durrant 
j James Durrant ..... 









( Eliz. Durrant 
Betty Durrant ..... 







Lucy Durrant ..... 



( John Neal ...... 



\ Anne Neal 




e i 















Mary [Mrs.] Taylor .... 
Mrs. Harwood ..... 
Mary Tudenham .... 
William Hobbins ( ~\ 

6 4 









5 1 



Susan Neash 1 , 1 


Tho- Pears 1 Bodnev r 


Robt. Boyd ) 


Peter Bankers ( ^ ? . 
John Dams j Germans | ; 
Mary Taylor ..... 
Helen Taylor 
Mary Scott 











Simon Eade ..... 
Mr. Bennet ..... 

Mrs. Darrell ( . ) . 








Miss Chapman { stran ^rs j ^ _ 


Susan Leveret ..... 




Eliz. Rolf 



c c. 



( Mr. Taylor Wells .... 



\ Mrs. Taylor Wells .... 



Mary Tavlor Wells .... 




Michael Godman .... 



Mrs. Michael Godman 


7 i 

Sally Beddoes ..... 


Grace Wilkinson .... 

7 A 

Mary Peel 


(Signed) J. PATERSON. 

The First Confirmation at Oxburgh. 
Anno Domini 1805, Die 23 tia Julii, Oxburghi. 


Ab Illustrissimo & Reverendissimo in Christo Patre ac Domino 
Domino Joanne Milner, Episcopo Castabalensi, Doctore Theologo, 
Soc: Acad: Cath: in Regione Mediana Vicario Apostolico &c &c tS,-c. 

Maria Poole 
Anna Fairhead 
Maria Peel 
Catherina Worthey 
Joannes Rumball 
Elizabetha Rumball 
Thomas Rumball 
Georgius Rumball 
Michael Coward 
Robertus Butters 
Joannes Butters 
Gulielmus Barkham 
Ivichardus English 
Maria English 

Elizabetha Reynolds 
Matthseus Wilkinson 
Maria Wilkinson, sen r 
Joannes Wilkinson 
Maria Wilkinson, jun r 
Henricus Wilkinson 
Elizabetha Durrani 
Anna Reynolds 
Richardus Reynolds 
Gulielmus Reynolds 
Elizabetha Reynolds 
Anna Hemson 
Georgius Hemson 
Susanna Hemson 


Joannes Lambert Maria Hemson 

Maria Lamer Joannes Akers 

Maria Allcock Anna Akers 

Jacobus Thorpe Robertus Simmons 

Agnes Thorpe Richardus Fletcher 

Thomas Thorpe Thomas Rushbrook 

Maria Palmer Susanna Rushbrook 

Anna Thorpe Gulielmus Rushbrook 

Samuel Hobbins Jacobus Rushbrook 

Anna Smith Sarah Warnes 

Carolus Hemson Maria Warnes 

Lucia Hemson Susanna Warnes (53) 

Samuel Reynolds 

Patrinus fuit, Rev. Joannes Paterson, Pastor 

James Durrant ...... 8 th Dec 1797 

Eliz Durrant . . . . . . 

*Ja s Taylor of Eastmoor : Convert . . 

M rs Eliz: Godman 

John.Godman ...... May io th 1799 

John Neal . July i8 th 

M rs Leech 

*Eliza Worthey Feb I st 1800 

M re Eade of Oxburgh Feb 2i st 

John Eade ...... Nov 26 1801 

Rob* Qodman Rumball . . . Jan y 14 th 1802 

Frances Durrant ..... April 23 d 

Simon Eade ...... May 19 th 

Tho s Reynolds April 7 th 1804 

Eliz Leach ....... April 30 th ,, 

*John Warnes ...... Jan y 25, 1805 

*M ra Susan Walker June 20 th , 1806 

M rs Mary Simmons [75 3/4 years] . . Oct 30 th ,, 

Rev d John Patterson [hor 2 a p.m.J . . Dec i st ,, 

John Harris [at i in the mors] . . . June 8 th 1807 

*Samuel Hobbins ..... Sept io ih 1808 

*M rs Barber Oct br 7 th 1808 

Tho s Thorpe, an Infant .... Oct br 15 th 
Sir William Jerningham B 1 . on the 14 th of Aug* 1 1809 
The Chapel of Cossey, of which he was the pious Founder, was 
consecrated by the Right Rev: D r John Milner on the 2i st of Aug 1 , 
& the Day following he was interred in the New Family Vault under 
the Altar. His solemn Obsequies were performed by his Lordship, who 
likewise pronounced his funeral Oration, & an excellent one it was, 
redounding to the Credit both of the Preacher & of the Deceased. 
Mary Taylor Wells . . .on the i o th of Feb y 1 8 1 o 
M rs Will m Hemson . . . 29 th of April 

M r Robert Simmons . 
Joseph Harris .... 
M rs Sarah Hemson 
M rs Anne Hemson 

* This mark denotes Converts. 

1 9 th of May 
2 nd of Sepb r 
I st of April 1811 





A. Oxburgh Parish Registers. 

These registers begin in 1538. Some extracts from them have already 
been printed by the Norfolk Archaeological Society, Norf. Arch., i. pp. 9, 155. 
For the extracts given in this section I am indebted to Father Francis 
Goldie, S.J., chaplain at Oxburgh, who has generously put at my disposal 
the rich harvest of information, which he has gathered regarding all branches 
of the Bedingfeld family, and I have used his collections throughout this 
chapter, more often than I can indicate by separate notes. 

Sepult: 1 6 March, D ns Thomas Bedingfeld, miles. 

Sepult: 1539, 9 Feb., Robert Bedingfeld, priest. 

Bapt: 1541, 8 March, Laurence Bedingfeld, son of M r Anthony 

Bapt: 1549, ii Jan: Elizabeth, d. of Anthony Bedingfeld. 

Nupt: 1550, 12 Jan: Ed[mundus] Bedingfeld, fil. c. Brin[ley] 

Bapt: 1550, i March, Maria, f. Edwardi Bedingfeld 

Bapt: 1552, i March, Thomas Bedingfeld, fil. Humfrey Bedingfeld 

Nupt: 1559, 14 Nov: Edus Bedingfeld et Eliz: He[woar?] vid. &c. 

Bapt: 1560, 9 July, Catharina Bedingfeld, filia Edmundi Bedingfeld 

Sepult: 1560, 2 Aug: Sir Henry Bedingfeld, Knight. 

Nupt: 1560, 9 Feb: Margarita He[woar?] filia Antonii He[var?]. 
Nuptiae sunt in prsecedente pag. ubi [?] 

Sepult: 1560, 22 March, Anthony Bedingfeld, son of Laurence 
Bedingfeld Esq of Hale 

Sepult: 1581, Dna: Katerina, Uxor Dom. Henrici Bedingfeld, 

Sepult: 1585, 25 August, Edmund Bedingfeld Esq., the son of Sir 
Henry Bedingfeld, Knight. 

1665, Thomas Bedingfeld Colonel, filius Henrici militis, sepultus 
erat 24 April 

1682 (Burial) The Lady Anne Bedingfeld, Sept 19. 

1684, Henry Bedingfeld, Baronet, was buried Feb: 26 

1685, John Bedingfeld Esq. February 19 

, Dame Elizabeth Bedingfeld, bur. 15 April 

1702, The Lady Bedingfeld, Jan: 16 

1724, 4 Dec:, Charles Bedingfeld, son of Sir Henry Bedingfeld & y e 
Lady Elizabeth 

1726, 20 April, Mary, d. of Sir Henry Bedingfeld & y e Lady 

1732, 8 Sept:, Henry, son of Sir Henry Bedingfeld and the Lady 

1736, 3 Sept: M r William Pordage 


1751, The Lady Elizabeth Bcdingfeld, wife of Sir Henry Bedingfeld, 
Bart, and eldest daughter of the . . . Charles Boyle, late Earl of 
Bourlington, buried 28 Nov: 

1760. Sir Henry Bedingfeld, buried July 19. 

1785, July Thomas Hawkins, Ecclesire Romance sacerdos 

1790. Thomas Bedingfeld Esq. was buried 21 May 

B. Extracts from the Catholic Chapel Registers. 

1855 Julii 2 nd0 , nupti sunt in capella apud Oxburgh, Georgius 
Nevill et Matilda Bedingfeld. A me Stephano Longman. 

1857 Die Novembris 24 natus est et die Decembris 29" baptizatus 
fuit Henricus Gulielmus Michrclis Nevil filius Georgii et Mathilda 
Nevil, (olim) Bedingfeld, conjugum. Sponsores, Dom. Dom. Henricus 
Bedingfeld, Bart et Lady [sic\ Margarita Bedingfeld 

1870 Die 29 a Augusti natus et die 8 va Septembris baptizatus fuit 
Edwardus Arthurus Bedingfeld, filius Henrici Georgii Bedingfeld (Bart) 
et Augustae Lucia; Bedingfeld (olim) Clavering, Conjugum. Sponsores, 
Arthurus Jerningham, Maria Whitgreave. A me Stephano Longman. 

Die io a Maii 1874 natus, et die 2i a Maii 1874 baptizatus est Fran- 
ciscus Augustus Bedingfeld filius D. Henrici Georgii Bedingfeld (Bart.) 
et Augustse Lucise Bedingfeld (olim Clavering) conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Adolphus Jerningham, Matrina fuit Matilda Gary. A me Gulielmus 
H. Bodley. 

Die 29* Februarii 1876 nata, et die 3* Martii 1876 baptizata est 
Edith Maria Bedingfeld filia D. Henrici Georgii Bedingfeld (Bart) et 
Augustse Lucise Bedingfeld (olim Clavering) conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Henricus Edwardus Bedingfeld, Matrina fuit Alicia Maria Beding 
feld. A me Gulielmo H. Bodley. 

Die 24 a Maii 1877 natus, et die 29 a Maii 1877 baptizatus est 
Hubertus Joseph Bedingfeld, filius D. Henrici Georgii Bedingfeld 
(Bart) et Augusta; Lucire Bedingfeld (olim Clavering) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Richardus Bedingfeld, Matrina Cecilia Nicholl (nata 
Jerningham). A me G. H. Bodley. 

Die Junii 5, 1906 natus etdie Junii 10, 1906 baptizatus est Henricus 
Stephanus Augustinus filius Dom. Henrici Bart et Sybilte Bedingfeld 
(olim Lyne Stephens) conjugum. Patrinus fuit Stephanus Lyne 
Stephens, Matrina fuit Augusta (Dna) Bedingfeld. A me Francisco 
Goldie S.J. 

C. Extracts from the Catholic Register of Deaths. 

1854. The Hon ble Charlotte Georgina, Lady Bedingfeld was 
buried in the chapel of Oxburgh, Aug: 9 th 1854. 

1862, Fob: 4 th . Died Sir Henry Paston Bedingfeld, aged 62, buried 
Feb: n th . 

On the 5 th of January, 1906, was buried in the vault of Our Lady 
and S l Margaret s Chapel, Oxburgh, Mathilda Nevill, nee Bedingfeld. 

D. Extracts from Holme Hale Parish Church Registers. 
Sepult: 1558, Nov. 23, Joan: Boath famulus Anthonii Bedingfeld 

1559, Mart. 23, Thorn: Ryngros famulus Anthonii Bedingfeld 


1575, Mail 13, Eliz: filia Robert! Lovell * 

1575, Mali 1 6, Albinus fil: Roberti Lovell 

1584, Jan 17, Francisca Bedingfeld, filia Ant: Bedingfeld 

1598, Elizabeth Bedingfeld,f vidua (quondam uxorAnthonii Beding 
feld militis) set. suae 77, sepulta fuit. 

1602? Aug: 3, M r Laurence Bedingfield 

1649? Ap. 12, M rs Elizabeth Bedingfeld 

1651, Oct. 27, M r Anthony Bedingfeld 

1688, Jan. 10, Mary, daughter of M r Anthony Bedingfeld 

1707, Sept: 18, M r Anthony Bedingfeld son of Thomas Bedingfeld 

1710, Sept: 30, Mary Eyre J 

1719, Henry Eyre 

1722, Mary Bedingfeld widow & relict of Anthony Bedingfeld, 
gentleman, late of Testerton. 

174!, Feb 13. M r Maire 

A. Monuments in the. Bedingfeld Chantry in the Parish Church. 

On large recumbent gravestone. Hie jacet Henricus Bedingfeild, 
Miles, qui obiit xxii Novembris, 1656.! 

Monument on North Wall, on the left shield. Under this Monument 
lyeth the Body of Sir Henry Bedingfeld, the 17 th Knight of y e Family, 
eminent for his Loyaltie to his Prince and Service of his Countrey. In 
the Time of the Rebellion he was kept three Years Prisoner in y e 
Tower, and great Part of his Estate sold by y e Rebells, the rest 
sequestred during his Life. He had two VVifes, the first Mary 
Daughter to William Lord Howard of the North by whom he had 
one Son who dyed without Issue ; His second Wife was Elizabeth 
Daughter of Peter Houghton Esq ; by whom he had 5 Sones and 6 
Daughters, he dyed November 22 An Dni 1657, ^t 70 and 6 

On the right shield. Here lyeth Elizabeth Wife of Sir Henry 
Bedingfeld Knt. and Daughter of Peter Houghton of Houghton Tower 
in Lancashire, Esq ; she dyed on y e n th of April An Dni 1662. 

Beati Mortui qui in Domino moriuntur. Eccles. 

On lower left tablet. Under this Monument lyeth the Body of Sir 
Henry Bedingfeld, the first Barronet of the Family, made by the 
speciall Favour of King Charles y e II. He was Tall and Comely, 
endowed with rare Parts both Natural and acquired. He served King 
Charles y e first in all y Rebellion, and till the Restoration of King 
Charles y e second was a great Sufferer in his Person and Estate. 
From which Time to his Death, he liv d a most exemplary Life, 

* Robert Lovell, 3rd son of Sir Thomas Lovell of Beechamwell, ob. Oct. 10, 
1609. Beechamwell Reg. 

t This was Elizabeth Danyel, who brought Bures Hall, near Holme Hale, to 
the Beclingfelds. 

+ Thomas Eyre, of Hassop, married Mary, d. of Sir Hen. Bedingfeld. They 
lived at Bures Hall, which had been sold to Mr. Thomas Eyre, possibly by Francis 
Bedingfeld, who died in 1691. 

Fr. Jas. Maire, S.J., ministered to the Catholics of the neighbourhood. 

|| Sic. But the next monument gives 1657 ! 


beloved and admir d for his Virtues and Wisdome, his Death was 
extremely Lamented, which happned on y e 24 th of February An Dni. 
1684, ALL 70 and 5 Months. He Married y e Daughter and Heiress of 
Edward Paston Esq ; by whom he had 7 Sonnes and 6 Daughters. 

On lower right tablet. Here lyeth y e Body of Dame Margaret, y e 
only Child of Edward Paston, of Horton in y e County of Glocester, 
Esq; & y e only Wife of Sir Henry Bedingfeld here also interr d, a 
Person of extraordinary Parts, Piety and Prudence, who after near 50 
Years enjoyment of perfect Felicity in y e Married State, pass d 18 years 
Widowhood, in an absolute Retreat, in y e constant Exercise of her 
Devotions, and dayly Distribution of Charity, and departed this Life, 
January 14, 1702, Aged 84 Years, having first erected this Monument 
to y e Memory of her Dear and deserveing Husband. 

Monument in the East Wall. Beneath this Monument is interr d 
the most Virtuous and Pious Lady, Elizabeth, youngest Daughter of 
Sir John Arundel of Lanhern in Cornwall, and second Wife to Sir 
Henry Bedingfeld of Oxburgh, Knt. and Bart, who in the 35 th Year of 
her Age, departed this Life, on the 13 th of April 1690, leaving an only 
Son and 3 Daughters. Requiescat in Pace. 

Hie jacet Domina Anna Bedingfeld, filia et Hseres Caroli Howard, 
Comitis de Berkshire, ex Dorothea Conjuge, Uxor Henrici Bedingfeld 
Equitis Aurati, quae Pietate in Deum, Charitate in Egenos, Equitate 
in omnes insignis, obiit die 19 Septembris 1682, ^Etatis suee 32. 
Requiescat in Pace. 

Here lyeth the Body of Sir Henry Bedingfeld Son of Sir Henry 
Bedingfeld by Dame Margaret Paston, he was a Person of great Worth 
and Honour, and particularly eminent for his great Hospitality, he had 
two Wifes, the first Ann Howard, only Child then living of Charles 
Lord Viscount Andover, and afterwards Earl of Berkshire, by whom he 
had no issue ; the last Wife was Elizabeth, youngest Daughter of Sir 
John Arundel, by whom he left one Son and two Daughters, and 
departed this Life, September 14, 1704, Aged 68. Requiescat in 

Stone in the middle, Orate pro anima Thomse Marwood, qui 
obdormivit in Domino 26 Octob 1718. Pauperes in eo, Patrem, 
Domus Bedingfeldiana, Amicum verum, et Benefactorem insignem, 
perdiderunt. Requiescat in Pace. 

Gravestone on the ground. Orate pro anima Gulielmi Pordage, 
S. [T. ?]. Qui obdormivit in Domino, Anno MDCCXXXVI, Die 30 
Augusti, ^Etatis Suse 88. Requiescat in Pace. 

Black marble slab on ground. Sir Henry Bedingfeld, Bar 1 , ob. July 
15 th , 1760, AL 71. Also the R* Hon ble Lady Elizabeth Bedingfeld, Wife 
to the above Sir Henry, and Daughter of Charles Earl of Burlington, 
on Nov. 28,* 1751, /E 63. R.I. P. 

Gravestone on ground. To the Memory of the Rev d Thomas 
Hawkins, who died 16 July, 1785, aged 68 years. R.I. P. 

Monument on E. wall. Here lies interred the Body of S r Richard 

Bedingfeld, Bar*, who departed this life 27 March, 1795, aged 71 

years. He married, January 30" , 1761, the Hon ble Mary Browne, 

daughter of Anthony Visc fc Montague of Cowdray in Sussex. She died 

* The register says she was buried on the 28th. 


at Bath 17" Sept, 1767, & was buried in the Abbey Church of that 
City. R.I.P. 

On the floor of the Church just outside the Bedingfeld Chantry. 
I.H.S. Here lyeth y e body of Jane, the wife of Richard Martin, who 
depart 1 this life y e I st Day of Febru, 1705. Requiescat in Pace. 

B. In the Parish Church at West Grinstead, Sussex. 

Mural tablet. \ In this Chancel Lye interr d the Bodys of Richard 
Caryll of West Grinsted Place Esq r , and of Frances his Wife. He was 
the third Son to John Caryll of Harting, Esq r ; and She one of the 
Daughters of S r Henry Bedingfeld of Oxboro in the County of Norfolk, 
Bar*. He dyed the i sfc of May 1701 in y e 66 year of his Age. And 
She y e 4 th of September 1704 in the 69 of Hers. They left Issue two 
Sons and A Daughter, of which John y e eldest Married Elizabeth 
Daughter and Heiress of John Harrington of Oare, in Sussex Esq r , by 
whom he had many Children, and To perpetuate the Memory of the 
Best of Parents he erected this Monument of Duty and Respect. 

Quos junxit Genialis Amor probitasc^ 

Quos morum paritas et genuinus Honor, 
Una Duos torquens Arthritis dissociavit 

Una Duos iterum sacra maritat humus. 
Immistos servant sub terra Flumina Amores 

Sic plus Alphnsus, sic Arethusa suos ; 
Ast ubi post sevos tandem nascuntur in orbe 

Hie canit seternum, concinit ilia melos. 

Here also lyes buried Peter Caryll brother to the aforesaid Richard 
Caryll. He was a Religious of the Holy Order of S l Benedict, and 
dyed 29 of October 1686 

Requiescant in Pace 

C. In Holme Hale Church. 

Here lyeth the body of Mary Eyre widow and Relict of Thomas 
Eyre of Bury s Hall Esq., deceased, one of the daughters of Sir Henry 
Bedingfeld late of Beck Hall, Knt and Bart. She was very exemplary 
and eminent for her piety, charity & other virtues, and exchanged this 
life for a better the 28th day of September 1710, Aet. 67. 

D. In the Catholic Chapel at Oxburgh. 

Large Monument with Recumbent Figure. Pray for the Soul of Sir 
Henry Richard Paston-Bedingfeld, Baronet, Knight Commander of the 
Order of S* John of Jerusalem, &c. &c., Who departed this life Feb ry 4, 
1862, Aged 61 years & 9 months. 

On the Wall. Mary Gcraldinc Trafford, who died in childbirth on 
the io th August, 1869, to the inexpressible Grief of her devoted hus 
band, and sorrowing mother. R.I.P. 

On Wall. To the Beloved Memory of Dame Margaret Anne 
Paston Bisshopp Bedingfeld, Wife of Sir Henry Richard Paston 
Bedingfeld, 6 th Bar*. She erected this Mortuary Chapel & Monument 


to her husband, Whom She outlived by 25 years, dying Jan. 30, 1887, 
aged 79 years, and lies buried beside him in the Vault of this Church. 
Requiescant in Pace. 

Of your Charity pray for the Soul of Sir Henry George Fasten 
Bedingfeld of Oxburgh, seventh Baronet, J.P. U.L., born 21 June, 
1830, died 1 8 th January, 1902. To whose Memory this tablet is 
erected by his Widow. Pater. Ave. Amen. 

Ibidem (Duplicate of Monument erected at Malta). >J* To the 
Memory of Vice-Admiral James Lacon Hammet, C.V.O., Son of the 
late J. P. Hammet Esq. & his wife T. Parker-Jervis of Darleston Hall, 
Staffordshire. Born 1849. Died i5th Feb:, 1905, & was buried at 
Malta, aged 55 years, fortified by the Last Sacraments of the Church. 
Admiral Hammet possessed the Royal Society Medal & Clasp for 
saving Life at Sea on two occasions, & was also recommended for the 
Albert Medal. He was wounded in China in 1869, & was Commander 
of the Minotaur during the Egyptian war 1882, and was awarded the 
Egyptian Medal, the Khedive s Bronze Star & the Medjidieh of ist 
class. This Tablet is erected by his widow, Alice, daughter of Sir H. 
Paston Bedingfeld, 7 th Baronet of Oxburgh. 



A. The Various Branches of the Bedingfeld Family. 

The family, which now bears the name of Bedingfeld (Bedingfield), a 
parish in North Suffolk (Hoxne hundred), have certainly been lords of the 
manor of that name since a very remote period, and the Oxburgh, or main 
stem of the race, still retains that honour. The family pedigree, which 
claims one unbroken succession since the Conquest, is acknowledged to be of 
authority, though for some remote periods it cannot be confirmed from 
independent sources. Before treating of the Oxburgh stem, for the period 
which has actually been under our consideration, it may not be amiss to say 
a word or two upon the chief branches, of which mention will be found in 
the " Visitations." 

The chief division dates from the fifteenth century, when Sir Edmund 
Bedingfeld married Margaret, heiress of Sir Thomas Tuddenham, who 
brought him estates in Oxburgh and much other property in Norfolk. On 
this his descendants eventually settled, leaving Bedingfeld to the heirs of 
James, his younger brother, whose grandson Thomas, marrying Joan Bosard, 
became possessed of Ditchingham, which then became the chief seat of his 
branch of the family, the neighbouring church of Hedsham (3 miles NW. 
of Bungay) being full of their monuments. Their pedigree may be found in 
the various editions of Burke s Landed Gentry. Perhaps the most distin 
guished names of this line are three knights Sir Thomas (i593?-i66i), Sir 
Henry (1633- 1667), and Sir Robert. The first eventually purchased from 
his elder brother Philip the manor of Darsham in Suffolk, which Dorothy 
Southwell had brought with her hand to his father Thomas (b. 1553) ; but 
his issue died out in the next generation. Sir Thomas sided with the Par 
liament in the contest with King Charles. He refused to defend Sir Edward 
Herbert, who was impeached by the Commons for his share in the attempt 
to arrest the Five Members; and for this refusal Thomas was himself com 
mitted for contempt by the House of Lords. However, he was on the 
winning side, and eventually was appointed a Commissioner of the Great 
Seal, and a Judge of Common Pleas in 1648. His two nephews, Sir Henry 
and Sir Robert, came into prominence later. Sir Henry was a lawyer like 
his uncle, and became Lord Chief Justice in 1683. Sir Robert was Lord 


Mayor of London in 1707. This branch of the family seem to have been 
Protestants ; but Charles Bonaventure Bedingfeld, the Franciscan (1698- 
1782), a convert from Protestantism, was probably the fifth son of Philip 
Bedingfeld and Elizabeth Strode, in the next generation of this same 

Returning now to the main line, a somewhat important branch was 
settled in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries at Quidenham in Norfolk. 
It began with Peter Bedingfeld, fourth son of Sir Edmund, Knight of the 
Bath ; and it seems to have ceased with Philip Bedingfeld, who was a 
staunch Recusant in the time of Elizabeth, and who, for that or other 
reasons, had to part with the property in 1572. In the Armada year he, by 
right of birth and descent the lord of the manor, the squire and magnate of 
the village, was, for his adherence to his father s creed, confined in the house 
of the local parson until he should conform, an indignity which, according 
to the ideas of that time and place, would have been unspeakably bitter. 

To return once more to the main stem. The age of Sir Henry, the well- 
known Councillor of Queen Mary, covered a period in which many new 
families were established, and it is only natural for us to find the Bedingfeld 
" tree" now putting forth some strong and vigorous branches. Thus his 
brother Anthony was given the manor of Holme Hale, which had come to 
the Bedingfelds from the Jennies, and he married Elizabeth Danyel, who 
brought him Bures Hall in the same neighbourhood. A marriage with the 
heiress of Thomas Townsend of Testerton, in the next generation, added 
that manor to their estates. After keeping for six generations in this locality, 
the direct line ended in an heiress, Dorothy. But she, by marrying Francis 
Bedingfeld of Redlingfield, preserved the property for her kin and name. 
Not, however, for long. Her three children were childless ; Francis, 
her heir, sold Testerton to John Curties, Hale Manor to Henry Ibbot of 
Swaffham, and Bures Hall to the Eyres. Eventually Father Anthony 
Bedingfeld, S.J. (see above, p. 195, and Foley, vii. 45), the eldest son, but as 
a priest not left heir to the estates, was left the sole survivor, and he died at 
Liege in 1752. 

The Bedingfelds of Redlingfield, of whom we have just made mention, 
sprang from Nicholas (PJohn), son of Sir Henry, the Privy Councillor. 
They were established first at Gislingham in Suffolk, and afterwards at 
Snatshough (or Snatsborough) and at Redlingfield. The Civil War, crush 
ing though it was to Catholics at home, was, in this way, favourable to the 
English convents on the Continent, that it reduced almost to a vanishing 
point the chances of a Catholic girl finding an honourable home, profession, 
or livelihood in England. With this in mind we can understand the perhaps 
unique occurrence which befell this family, viz. that the daughters, to the 
large number of eleven, all became nuns. Moreover, one of them was a 
widow, whose daughter had entered before her (see below, p. 240). As we 
have seen, this family eventually ended in Father Anthony, SJ. Redling 
field had been sold in 1748 (Foley, v. 568). 

B. Bedingfelds of Oxburgh. 
I. The Descendants of Sir Henry the Cavalier by his Second Wife. 

[i] FRANCES, born on " New Year s Even s Eve," 1610. Godparents 
Sir Robert Wind [? Windsor], the Lady Mondford, and Mrs. Jerningham 
(ante, p. 14, and note). 

Foley adds : " Married Michael Timperley of Hintlesham, Esq. ; died 
in 1653 ; had a daughter professed at Pontoise, O.S.B. (Dame Justina), 
on Januarys, 1660, aged 21 ; died April 27, 1684, aged 45 (Pontoise MS.); 
and two others professed at the Blue Nuns, Paris Elizabeth, who died in 
1703, aged 74 ; and F ranees, professed on her death-bed, Nov. 19, 1661, 
aged 26 " (Records of the Blue Nuns). 


Elizabeth Timperley, daughter of Nicholas Timperley of Hintlesham, 
married Thomas Townsend of Testerton, and their only child, Dorothy, 
married Thomas Bedingfeld of Holme Hale (see above, p. 232). Sir Henry s 
uncle Anthony, of Scots Hall [? Snatshough], had previously married a Lucy 
Timperley of the same family. 

In the Papers of the Committee for Compounding (Calendar, pp. 2133, 
2134) there is a somewhat complicated petition of Michael Timperley, who, 
15 June 1653, after the death of his wife, requests that Sir Henry and Henry 
Bedingfeld may be ordered to produce the deeds of sale of certain proper 
ties, in which his wife had an interest. 

[2] HENRY, the first Baronet, for whom see above, p. 18, &c. 

[3] EDMUND, Canon of Lierre, baptized 14 Aug. 1615 (ante, p. 14); 
died 2 Sept. 1680. His monument still exists in the Collegiate Church 
of St. Gomarre, see above, p. 82. He had been chaplain to the English 
Carmelite nuns at Lierre. His portrait is at Oxburgh, another at Darlington. 
He studied at St. Omers and Seville ; visited Rome, when he dined at the 
English Hospice on September 24, 1644, together with " the Earl of Ban- 
bury, who was about to leave Rome," and Mr. Haggerston Foley, vi. 626. 
He wrote two books, for which see Gillow, i. 165 ; Foley, v. 573. 

[4] WILLIAM, born 31 December 1616 ; baptized 23 January 1617 (abovt, 
p. 14). He is said to have been trained to arms on the Continent under 
the Duke of Guise, and to have become a " Captain of the Guards." 
Captain William Bedingfeld " of Ashill " was sent up prisoner to London, 
3 October 1655, as has been already mentioned above, p. 3. He died 
" 28 January 1685," i.e. 1686, and is, I believe, buried in St. Giles s, Norwich. 
Foley found among the papers belonging to the Jesuits of this district, a 
note of certain masses to be said annually by the Fathers, who had received 
the benefaction of a farm valued at ;ioo from "Susan, wife of Captain 
William Bedingfeld, brother of Sir Henry Bedingfeld of Beck Hall." No 
further details. (H. Foley, Records S.J., v. 568 n.) 

[5] JANE, born 26 April, baptized 22 May 1618 (above, p. 14). Married 
Richard Martin of Long Melford before the year 1634, between which time 
and 1647 she had ten children, of whom, however, four died infants, and 
she herself died after giving birth to her only daughter, Jane, 28 June 1647 
(Wotton, Baronetage, iv. 522). In some editions of the Bedingfeld pedigree, 
however, it is stated that it was Anne who married Richard Martin, and Jane 
is given as the wife of Colonel Price, e.g. in Playfair s Baronetage, and the 
otherwise excellent pedigree printed by the Norfolk Archaeological Society, 
Norf. Arch., vol. i. p. 157. 

In the church at Oxburgh there is a monument to "Jane, the wife of 
Richard Martin, who departed this life the first day of February 1706. 
Requiescatin Pace" But the date (which would have made her eighty-eight 
years old and leave no room for Martin of Long Melford s second wife) shows 
this was a different person. 

[6] ELIZABETH, was baptized 8 November 1619 (p. 14), and married 
William Cobbeof Sandringham (see Sandringham Past and Present, by Mrs. 
Herbert Jones), a colonel in the King s army, who died 1665. Elizabeth Cobbe 
died 1698, according to the family pedigree, but Foley, vi. 508, Addendum, 
says : " Buried at St. Giles, Norwich, 1684. She had two daughters, Car 
melites at Lierre, professed together 2 February 1671 ; Mary (aged 22) died 
between 1709 and 1714, and Anne (aged 20) died August 10, 1690." 

[7] MARIE. Baptized 10 May 1621 (ante, p. 14). There can be no doubt 
that she married Robert Apreece of Washingley (as the family pedigree 
states), and after his death Humphrey Orme. For there is among the 
papers of the Committee for Compounding {Calendar, p. 1778) a petition 
from her, 22 November 1647, begging to compound for the estates of her 
late husband, Robert of Washingley, who has left an infant son, Robert. 
This child eventually recovered the family property, and his line was after- 


wards given a baronetage, now extinct. The last survivor, I am told, 
bequeathed everything to the London Hospital. A Mary Apreece of this 
family married Richard Washington of York, who has been believed to be 
an ancestor of George Washington, the first President U.S.A., but this 
theory is now given up. 

A more certain title to honour was the happy confession of his faith, 
which brought about Colonel Apreece s death. Bishop Challoner writes : 

" 1644. This year, as Mr. Austin writes (under the name of William 
Birchley) in his Christian Moderator (1652) was Mr. Price, a Catholic gentle 
man, murdered at Lincoln in hatred of his religion. The story he relates 
thus : I remember an officer of my acquaintance, under the Earl of Man 
chester, told me that at their taking of Lincoln from the Cavaliers, in the 
year 1644, he was an eye-witness of this tragedy. The next day after the 
Town was taken, some of our (the parliament) common soldiers, in cold 
blood, meeting with Mr. Price of Washingley, in Huntingdonshire, a papist, 
asked him, " Art thou Price the Papist ? " "I am," said he, " Price the 
Roman Catholic" ; whereupon one of them instantly shot him dead. " 

This death fulfils all the conditions of true martyrdom, and the cause of 
his Beatification has therefore been admitted, and he is styled " Venerable " 
in the Decree of 1886 (see Pollen, Acts of English Martyrs, p. 382). 

[8] JOHN, baptized 10 November 1624 (ante, p. 14). Foley describes him 
as " unmarried." The second baronet says, " My uncle John died 16 February 
1685," and the Oxburgh register gives "John Bedingfield, Esq., [buried] 
Feb. 19, 1685 " (i.e. 1686). Marwood gives his anniversary as the i8th. 

There is at Oxburgh a picture of a young man in armour, which is re 
produced by Miss Stone in her article in The Messenger of New York 
(September, 1906), with this inscription : "John Bedingfeld. Killed at the 
battle of Worcester, Aged 16." There is evidently some mistake here. 
John would have been 26 in 1651, the date of the battle, and he was not 
killed, but lived on, as we see, for over thirty-four years. 

[9] ANNE. Her father gives no date for birth or baptism, but as he 
puts her name last on the second list, we may conjecture that she was 
younger than John. Her godparents were " My Daughter Beding. and 
Mr. William Paston." " My Daughter Beding." may conceivably have 
been his own eldest daughter, but it would be more probably Mary 
Brooksby, the wife of his eldest son Thomas, if he was already married. 

Besides this, there must have been one other son, and one daughter, for 
the monument speaks of" 5 Sonnes and 6 Daughters." 

2. Family of Sir Henry, the First Baronet. 

He married Margaret, only daughter of Edward Paston of Horton, 
Gloucester, and in a petition dated 3 October 1655, he says he has "a wife 
and 9 small children " dependent on him. The votive picture shows three 
sons and five daughters, so one must have died young. 

Ei] HENRY, the second baronet. See p. 35. 
2] ELIZABETH, born 21 December 1636 (p. 22), married Thomas Wheat- 
enhall of East Peckham, Kent, whose first wife, Lady Catherine Talbot, died 
6 July 1656 (p. 90, .) I n the family pedigree she is marked as dying 
without issue, but she certainly had an heir, Henry, and was presumably 
also the mother of various daughters, nuns (p. 90, .). Her brother has left 
out a figure from the date of her death, " My sister Wheatinhall died 24 Feb. 
1 66-," which is confusing. Presumably he means some time before 1685, 
the next date clearly noted, certainly before 1698, the date of writing (above, 

P- 37)- 

[3] FRANCES married Richard Caryll of Harting, Sussex. A full descrip 
tion of the family will be found in Max de Trenqualeon, West Grinstead et les 
Caryll (1893), ii. 40, 97, c. He was the younger brother of John, the 


secretary of King James II. at St. Germain, and created by him Lord 
Durford (ob. 1711). The second son was Peter, a Benedictine, the third 
Richard, on whom it consequently fell to make the best fight he could for 
the family estates, when William of Orange confiscated his elder brother s 
property. Frances and Richard had five children, whose descendants may 
be seen in Trenquale"on s second pedigree. He also gives at p. 97 a repro 
duction of their monumental inscription, which is here printed, p. 230. She 
died 4 September 1704, in the 6gth year of her age. 

[4] MARY married Thomas Eyre of Hassop, co. Derby, and Eastwell in 
Leicestershire. An account of this family will be found in J. Nichols, History 
and Antiquities of the County . of Leicester, vol. iv. pt. i. p. 398, and ii. 167. 
As has been said, this family. eventually purchased Bures Hall from Francis 
Bedingfeld, and there are a number of Eyre monuments in Holme Hale 
Church (see Blomefield). Mary was Thomas s second wife, and he had by 
her (besides one son by his first wife) ten children, several of whom were 
of some importance in the Catholic community of their day (Kirk, Bio 
graphies of English Catholics, pp. 71-73). Two of her daughters were nuns 
at Lierre (see p. 45 above). Henry, "counsellor at law," the eldest son, is 
mentioned by Marwood, p. 101 ; his monument is in Holme Hale Church. 
James Eyre (fourth son), a doctor, has also been mentioned, pp. 86, 88, &c. 
The third son, Francis (living in 1700), was also an M.D. Thomas and 
William (the second and fifth) were priests. Mary died in 1710, aged 67, 
and her monumental inscription has been given above, p. 230. 

[5] ANNE, in religion Sister Anne of the Angels, professed 1670, died 
18 February 1701, in the 5oth year of her age. See above, p. 95. 

[6] MARGARET, in religion Mother Margaret of Jesus, Carmelite nun 
of Lierre, of whom above, pp. 45, c. Professed 1673, died 1714. 

[7] JOHN, born 165 1 (?), J.P. for Norfolk. This, I suppose, was during 
the reign of James II., who sometimes used his royal prerogative to dis 
pense Catholics from the Test Oath, which had been devised to keep them 
out from this and other posts of trust. He enjoyed, during the life of his 
mother, the estate of Ashill Holt (p. 37), and I also find him described as 
of Coulsey Wood, Stoke Ash. He married Dorothy, daughter of John 
Ramsey (alias Dicks) of Wickmore, by whom he had two sons and two 
daughters, John (ob. 1729), Henry (ob. 1738), Frances (ob. 1718), Mary 
(ob. 1719). John died at Wickmore, 9 August 1693, a^tatis 42 (?). 

[8] EDWARD. "Edward Bedingfeld, 3rd son of Henry Bedingfeld of 
Oxburgh, Norfolk, knight (sic) [Admitted] 27 April [1667] " (Registers oj 
Admissions to Gray s Inn, ed. Foster). There are fifteen other Bedingfelds 
mentioned in this register, but none of them from Oxburgh. Mr. Foster 
adds this note "Called to the bar 10-11 November 1688, on the recom 
mendation of King James II., as signified by the Lord Chancellor, 25 June 
1688 O.S. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas and youngest sister of 
Sir Clement Fisher, bart., of Packington, co. Warwick. His daughter Mary 
(ob. 1761) married, in 1721, Sir John Swinburne, bart," and their daughter 
Mary married another Edward Bedingfeld, who will appear in the next 
generation but one of the Oxburgh family (see p. 236). 

This Edward is often mentioned in Marwood s Diary. Being perhaps 
the only Catholic then at the bar, it was natural that he should be often 
employed by Catholics, though not by them only (see p. 161). He was left 
the (Plife interest) of the "Shingham" estates (p. 37). He was alive in 1711 
(see p. 161). 

3. The Family of Sir Henry, the Second Baronet. 

He married, first, 20 December 1666, Anne Howard, daughter of Viscount 
Andover, afterwards Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire, but she died without 
issue, 19 September 1682, aged 32 years. She is mentioned with praise in 
the life of her cousin Mary Howard, by Alban Butler (Gillow, iii. p. 435). 


They were educated together as children, and Mary eventually entered 
among the Poor Clares at Rouen (ob. 1735). 

He married, secondly, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Sir John Arundell 
of Lanherne. She died 13 April 1690, in her 35th year. Her children 

[i] ELIZABETH, born in London, 26 February 1686 (see p. 36, for 
godparents), died at Brussels, 24 December 1699 (above, p. 55). 

[2] MARGARET, born in London, 3 March 1687, married, in 1704, Sir 
John Jerningham, 4th bart., who died without issue in his 55th year, and is 
buried in Bath Abbey, 17 June 1737. She survived till 1756, when she died 
at Winchester, but was buried (23 Dec.) with her husband. 

[3] FRANCES, born in London, 14 November 1687 (p. 36). Married 
Sir Francis Anderton, last baronet of Lostock, whose estates were con 
fiscated after the rising of 1715. She died without issue (? 1722). 

[4] HENRY ARUNDELL, see pp. 161, &c. 

4. The Family of Sir Henry Arundell, the Third Baronet. 

Sir Henry married Lady Elizabeth Boyle, daughter of Charles, Earl of 
Burlington. She died 28 November, 1757, in the 63rd year of her age. 
Their children were (see p. 242) 

!il RICHARD, born dead, 28 May 1720. 
2] EDWARD, born 28 August 1721, died soon after. 
3] ELIZABETH, born 7 November 1722, died at Bristol 18 July 1763. 
She married (n June 1749) Charles Biddulph of Burton, Sussex, who died 
13 May 1784. They had issue (a) John, heir, ob. 1835 s -P-j leaving Burton 
to George Anthony Wright, (ti) Charles (living in 1817). (c) Thomas, 
ob. s.p. 1789. (d) Mary. Charles Biddulph married as his second wife 
Frances Apollonia, daughter of Sir B. Doughty of Snarford Hall, Lincoln, 
widow of Henry Wells (Berry, Sussex Genealogies, 219; ante, p. 201, 
n. 24). 

[4] HENRY, born 27 October 1723, baptized at Chiswick, died at 
Norwich Grammar School, 6 September 1732. 

[5] CHARLES, born 17 October 1724, buried at Oxburgh, 4 December 

MARY, born 27 September 1725, buried at Oxburgh, 20 April 1726. 

RICHARD, the fourth baronet (1726-1795). 

EDWARD, born 2 February 1730, educated at St. Omers under the 
name of Clay (p. 165), settled at York and married, 21 March 1754, Mary, 
daughter of Sir John Swinburne of Capheaton (see pp. 208, &c.). Their ten 
children were (a) John, b. 26 Dec. 1754, he joined the Royal Navy. 
(b) Mary, 15 May 1756, became a nun at Ghent, whose flight is 
mentioned above (p. 208, n. 159). (c) Anne, b. 2 1 March 1758, m. Thomas 
Waterton of Walton Hall. Their son Charles was the celebrated natu 
ralist, (d) Thomas, b. 18 February 1760, educated at Liege, entered 
Lincoln s Inn, and became a conveyancer, for no Catholic could yet be 
called to the bar. He also wrote poetry of considerable merit. His 
life in the Diet. Nat. Biog. iv. 113. Ob. 5 Nov. 1789. See p. 206, n. 
128. (e) Edward, b. 13 February 1762; school at Liege ; afterwards 
became partner in the house of the Martins at Malaga. See pp. 205-207, 
nn. 114, 121, 142. Edward, ob. 1802. (/) Anthony, b. at Bath, 7 Feb. 
1764, ob. 31 May following, (g) Peter, b. 29 June 1765, ob. at Malaga. 
(h) Frances, b. 22 March 1768. (z) Helen, b. 26 March 1770. (/) 
Isabella, b. 29 August 1771. 

5. The family of Sir Richard, the Fourth Baronet. 

He married Mary Browne, daughter of Anthony, Viscount Montague 1 . 
She died 17 September 1767 (see p. 201, n. 31), leaving issue, Richard, the fifth 
baronet, born at Bath, 23 August 1767 (see pp. 198-208, n. 30, &c.). 


6. The Family of Sir Richard Bedingfeld, the Fifth Baronet. 

He married Charlotte Georgiana, only daughter of Sir William Jerningham, 
Bart., of Costessy. She obtained the precedence of a baron s daughter after 
her brother George became Lord Stafford, and was appointed Woman of the 
Bedchamber to Queen Adelaide, many of whose letters to her are preserved 
at Oxburgh. Lady Charlotte was a lady of remarkable talents, both as an 
artist and as a letter-writer. Of her letters many are preserved, and have 
been published by E. Castle, The Jerningham Letters, 1780-1843 ; Excerpts 
front the Correspondence and Diaries of the Hon. Lady Jerningham and her 
Daughter, Lady Bedingfeld, 2 vols., 1896. Another selection has been pub 
lished since in A House of Letters. She eventually retired to the convent at 
Hammersmith, and died 29 July 1854 (p. 227). He died 22 November 
1 829 (p. 244). 

Their children were 

[i] FRANCES, born 19 and baptized 25 April 1796 (p. 214); married 
William, i ith Baron Petre, and died in childbirth, leaving two sons and two 

[2] MATILDA, born 8 April, and baptized at Oxburgh, 10 April 1797 
{above, p. 214). Married George Stanley Gary of Follaton, Devon, and had 
seven children, whose issue is still living. Matilda died 28 January 1881. 

[3] AGNES MARY, born at Oxburgh, 31 August 1798, and baptized there 
on the same day, married Thomas Molyneux Seel of Bolton Park, Lanes. 

[4] HENRY RICHARD, the sixth baronet, born 10 May 1800, and baptized 
same day at Oxburgh (p. 216) ; and buried there. 

[5] CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH, born 9 January 1802, and baptized at 
Oxburgh the same day. She became a nun at Bruges, where she lived for 
nearly fifty years. 

[6] CHARLES RICHARD, born at Yarmouth, 5 September 1803, and 
baptized there the same day. He married Miss Waterton, who, however, 
only lived a few months. Charles entered the Austrian Army, ob. s.p. 

[7] EDWARD RICHARD, born at Norwich, 20 January 1805 (p. 217), and 
baptized on the 24th. He was a midshipman on H.M.S. Spartiate, but fell 
overboard on the night of the 2nd October 1823, and was never heard of 

[8] FELIX was in the Colonial Civil Service, and lived at Mauritius, &c. 
ob. s.p. His wife Mary, daughter of Admiral Chad, is still living. 

7. The Family of Sir Henry Richard Paston- Bedingfeld, Sixth Baronet. 

He married, 30 August 1826, Margaret, daughter of Edward Paston of 
Appleton, the last of the Pastons of Paston, and afterwards, 16 April 1830, 
assumed the additional name and arms of Paston. He was declared by the 
Committee of Privileges of the House of Lords to be one of the co-heirs of 
the barony of Grandison. He died 4 February 1862, and is buried at 
Oxburgh ; she died 30 January 1887, and is also buried there. Issue : 

[i] HENRY GEORGE, the 7th baronet, born at Norwich, 10 May 1830, 
married Augusta, only child and heiress of Edward Clavering of Callaly, 
Northumberland ; died 18 January 1902. 

Sons living (i) HENRY EDWARD, the present baronet, b. 29 Aug. 
1860; m. Sybil, dau. of Henry Lyne Stephens, and has issue, Mar 
garet Mary, b. 24 Ap. 1905 ; Henry Stephen Augustus, b. 5 June 1906. 
(2) Henry Richard Clavering. (3) Charles. (4) Edward Arthur, ob. 
1878. (5) William. (6) Frank. (7) Hubert. Daughters (\} Alice, m. 
() James Lacon Hammet, Vice-Admiral (ob. 1905), has issue Cecil 
Ferdinand James and Violet Irene May ; m. {b} Clement La Primaudaye, 
Commander R.N. (2), (3) Mary Maud & Edith Mary, Nuns of the 
Congregation of the Holy Child. (4) Augusta, died young. 


[2] RAOUL STEPHEN, married Katherine Lyne Stephens. 

[3] MATILDA CHARLOTTE, married 2 July 1855 to Captain George 
Henry Nevill, buried at Oxburgh. Her son, Henry William, died 1905. 

[4] MARY GERALDINE, married to Edward S. Trafford of Wroxham 
Hall, Norfolk, died 10 August 1869, buried at Oxburgh. 

[5] MARY GABRIELLE, married to Ferdinand Eyre. 

A. Religious and Sacerdotal Vocations in the Bedingfeld Family. 

These notes are written in a lady s hand, in a small paper note-book, without name 
of author or date. It will be noticed that Mary Bedingfeld, professed at Ghent in 
1775 (above, p. 210), and whose flight to England in 1794 is mentioned by Sir Richard, 
is not alluded to here, the latest date explicitly mentioned being 1782. It would not 
be very difficult, nowadays, to extend the lists here given to twice or thrice their 

From the book of the Commemoration of the deceased Religious, 
who were professed in the Monastery of the Immaculate Conception of 
the glorious Virgin Mary, Mother of God, of the Holy Order of St. 
Benedict in Ghent. 

Anno Domini 1636 the 14 th of December, Dame Thecla Beding- 
field * most happily departed from this, to a better world in the 6th 
year and a half after her holy Profession, her most remarkable virtues 
were meekness, peace, fortitude, patience. 

Dame Thecla called Phillipa at holy Baptism was daughter to 
Francis Bedingfield Esq r , born at Redlingfield in Suffolk, came to the 
trial of holy Religion about the age of 19 or 20. She was of a pure 
sanguine complexion, very straight and proper of personage, and lovely 
in corporal features, but concerning that which is much more prizable, 
she was of a rare interiour temper, having a gracious sweet & most 
meek disposition, And withal of a great courage in suffering, enduring 
much with invincible patience. Amongst others in this kind by the 
surgeons incisions. Once her knee was cut and sliced into sippits. 
She had always a great confidence in Almighty God and in her last 
sickness was overheard to ask herself, " How comes my good God to 
give me so much of his favour I having deserved so very little at his 
hands ? " To which she again answered, " The attending to myself 
and medling with nobody else, doth give me this Serenity," and that 
she would warrant all those who were eminent in this practice, that 
they would enjoy great peace of mind at their deaths. 

After the happy decease of our dear & Rev d Dame Hieronimia 
Waldegrave this our beloved Sister in Xt, Dame Thecla, was by the 
Convent s Election chosen to succeed her in Infirmary Office, which she 
performed with great satisfaction, recreating the sick with such innocent 
and pleasant conversation, that it was an excellent divertissment to see 
her mix mirth and piety with such a dexterous facility. She had been 
likely, if God had preserved her health and life, to have exhibited very 
good assistance to the whole Community in the well discharging of 
any Office, especially being so free from any passion ; but the divine 
Majesty was pleased to call this his dear Spouse in the prime of her 
youth to himself by a consumptive fever, which was most vehement 

* See Annals of the English Benedictines at Ghent, 1894, pp. 18, 197 (No. 23). 
She is the third daughter mentioned in Foley s pedigree {Records t v. 568). 


The Baronets are distinguished by Roman numerals. The dati 


Sir Henry, the Cavalier, 
m. (i) Lady Mary Howard. 

Thomas, 1605-1666, 
m. Mary Brooksby, 1679. 

I. Henry, 1613-1685, Frances, 1653, Edmund, 1680, William, 

m. Marg. Paston, 1702. m. M. Timperley. Canon of Lierre. m. Susan 

II. Henry, 1636-1704, 
m. (i) Lady Anne Howard, 1682, s.p. ; 
m. (2) Elizabeth Arundell, 1690. 

4- i. 

Elizabeth (1676 ?), 
m. T. Whetenhall. 



Frances, 1704, Mar) 
m. R. Caryll. m. 


III. Henry Arundell, 1689-1760, Elizabeth, 1699. 
m. Lady Elizabeth Boyle, 1751. 



Margaret, 1756, 
m. Sir J. Jerningham. 

I. 2. 

Frances (? 1722), 
m. Sir F. Anderton. 


IV. Richard, 1726-1795, Richard, 1720. Edward, 1721. Elizabeth, 1763, 

m. Lady Mary Browne, 1767. Infant. Infant. m. C. Biddulph. 


V. Richard, 1767-1829, 

;. Lady Charlotte Jerningham, 


John, R.N., Mary, b. 1756. Anne, 

b. 1754. Nun. m. T. Watert 


2. 3. 


VI. Henry Richard Paston, Frances, b. 1796, Matilda, 1881, Agnes, b. 1798, 

1800-1862, m. W. Ld. Petre. m. G. S. Cary. m. T. Molyneux See 

m. Marg. Paston, 1887. Y 4" ^ 

VII. Henry George, Raoul Stephen, Matilda, 

1830-1902, b. 1835, m. G. H. N 

m. Augusta Clavering. m. K. Lyne Stephens. 

1 III 

VIII. Henry Edward, Henry Richard Charles, Edward Arthur, 
b. 1860, Clavering, b. 1864. 1878. 
m. Sybil Lyne Stephens. b. 1862. 

1 2. I. 

1 1 
William, Frank, 
b. 1873. b. 1874. 

Henry Stephen Augustus, 
b. 1906. 

Margaret Mary, 
b. 1905. 

To face p, 238. 


lies are those of lie.itA, unless otherwise explained. 

r, 1586-1656, 

m. (2) Elizabeth Houghton, 1662. 


8. 9. 10. ii. 

I I I I I I I I 

n, 1686, Jane, 1647, Elizabeth ( 71684), Marie, /. 1647, John, 1685. Anne. 

an . m. R. Martin. m. W. Cobbe. in. (i) R. Apreece. i Boy. 

sL -]/ m. (2) H. Orme. i Girl. 

4- 5- 6. 7- __8. 


ary, 1710, Anne, 1701, John, 1693, Edward (? 1715), 

. T. Eyre. Margaret, 1714 m. Dorothy Ramsey. m. Mary Fisher. 
0- (Nuns). 

John, 1729. Henry, 1738. Frances, 1718. Mary, 1719. Mary, 1761, 

m. Sir John Swinburne. 

Henry, 1732. Charles, 1724. Mary, 1726. Edward, m. Mary, 

Young. Infant. Infant. /. 1795. 


I I i I I I I 

Thomas, Edward, Anthony, Peter, Frances, Helen, Isabella, 

rton. 1789. 1802. d. infant. b. 1765. b. 1768. b. 1770. b. I77 1 - 

, Charlotte, b. 1802, Charles, b. 1803, Edward, 1823, Felix, b. 1808, 

seel. a nun. m. Waterton. R.N. m. Mary Chad. 

I I I 

a, 1906, Mary Geraldine, Mary Gabrielle, 

. Neville. 1869, m. F. Eyre. 
m. E. S. Trafford. 

:, Hubert, Alice m. (i) J. L. Hammet, 1905. Mary Maud ) xr uns Augusta, 

^ b. 1877. (2) C. Laprimaudaye. Edith Mary ) d. young. 

Cecil Ferdinand James, Violet Irene May, 
b. 1892. b. 1894. 

Arms Ermine, an eagle displayed gules. 
Badge A fetterlock. 


towards the end. Tollerating this her last sickness according to her 
wonted sweetness, peace, and patience, receiving most piously and in 
her perfect senses all the rites of the Holy Church, after that having 
again Absolution & the assistance of all the devout prayers commonly 
said for those in their last Agony, she fell into a slumber at that very 
time translated from death to life and happily slept in our Lord, within 
the Octave of his glorious Mother s Immaculate Conception, leaving 
the whole convent most sensible of our loss. She was so grateful to 
every one and truely beloved of all for her virtuous life, innocent, sweet 
and gentle disposition. 

Requiescat in Pace. 

Anno Domini 1637, Feb; i st . 

Dame Eugenia Bedingfield* most happily departed this life, having 
been professed the 26 June 1633. Her most notable virtues were a 
singular devotion to our B d Lady and a great desire of self contempt 

Our dear Sister in Christ Dame Eugenia, in baptism was called 
Margaret, daughter to Tho s Bedingfield gent: commonly called 
Captain Bedingfield. She entered very young to the trial of holy 
Religion ; after her profession she was much employed in humble 
Offices having charge of the Cellar a long time together, which she 
performed not only laboriously but also very cleanly and exactly. She 
had many interiour difficulties and trials, in the midst of which she was 
ever most punctual in her examins, and was observed to be always more 
than ordinary serious at those times. She bore a great respect to her 
(even immediate) superiors and loved them entirely. She often affirmed 
that she hated to think that any one should value or esteem her, for she 
never had done ought that deserved estimation. Her frequent petition 
to Almighty God was to die. At last she told one in confidence a 
little before (or in) her last Sickness, that our Lord had granted her 
long request. She died of a Consumption, being strengthened with all 
the last Sacraments, happily expiring upon the eve of the B d Virgin s 
Purification, to whom she had been singularly devoted, and had reposed 
a great confidence in her, as the Mother of mercy and advocate with 
her Blessed Son sweet Jesus. 

Requiescat in Pace. 

In the year of our Lord 1642, on the 2o th of February, most happily 
departed this life Sister Thecla t Bedingfield; her most notable Virtues 
were Humility and Sincerity. 

Sister Thecla, in Baptism called Margaret, daughter to Mathew 
Bedingfield Gent: She came to Religion about the age of 16; her 
complexion pure fair, her constitution sickly, having past a year scholar 
she very joyfully received the Holy Habit going on in the trial of 
Religion with courage and zeal, being Consumptive holding out as long 
as possible without going to the Infirmary, for she would not yield nor 

* She is I4th in the list of professed printed in the Annals of Ghent, p. 197. 

f Thecla (olim Margaret) Bedingfeld is No. 41 in the list of professed of Ghent 
(Annals, p. 198). Her sister Mary was also a Benedictine nun, who died abbess at 
Brussels, 2ist April 1665 (Foley, ibid.). 


shrink under the burden of her Cross, but did all those humble Offices 
wherein the Novices were tried for the exercise of humility and mortifi 
cation without a desire of being exempted. She was of a Candid and 
down right plain dealing humour, not at all moved by human respects, 
and had a great contempt of the world even from her tender years, 
never giving way to be set vainly out by curling her hair and the like, 
but always when she was called to be dressed in that sort, like her 
other sister, she would weep most bitterly, and beg with many tears to 
be excused. This resolute spirit in point of virtue she maintained in 
Religion. In time of her last sickness, being sent to the Infirmary she 
behaved herself very religiously and was most willing to Die ; humbly 
begging to be admitted to make her Vows of holy Religion, which she 
obtained and did perform them very piously, receiving devoutly also all 
the last sacraments ; having all the rites and prayers done for her, she 
was bid to repose, and in that disposition slept in our Lord most quietly 
without any other sign, so that those who were kneeling in prayer about 
her did not perceive when she Died. 

Requiescat in Pace. 

Extract from the Pedigree at Oxburgh. 

Francis Bedingfield married Catherine Fortescue had eleven 
Daughters Nuns.* 

1. Catherine, Superior of the Carmelites at Antwerpe. 

2. Mary, a Nun at Liege. 

3. Margaret, Abbess at the Poor Clares at Rhoan. 

4. Winifred, a Nun in Bavaria. 

5. Helena, Abbess of the Austin Nuns at Bruges. 

6. Grace, a Nun at Louvain. 

7. Frances, a Nun at Rome. 

8. Phillippa, a Benedictine Nun at Ghent. 

9. Ann, a Nun at Gravelines. She was the 5 th Abbess of the 

Poor Clares of that town, and died the 17 of November, 1697. 

10. Magdaline, a Carmelite Nun. 

1 1. Mary, Abbess of the Austin Nuns at Bruges. 

Names of other members of the Bedingfield family who have joined 
the Religious Orders. 

Lucy 4 th Prioress of the English Theresians at Antwerpe. She 
died of the small-pox the 6 th January 1650 aged 36, in the i st year of 
her Government. 

* This very remarkable generation of nuns is more fully described in Foley, v. 
568-582, with the assistance of the Bruges MSS. According to him the order of the 
sisters should be : (i) Helena, (2) Margaret, (3) Philippa, (4) Elizabeth, here omitted, 
(5) Winefrid, (6) Catherine, (7) Frances, (8) Grace, (9) Magdalen, (10) Anne, 
(n) Mary, of Liege. The second Mary here mentioned, of Bruges, was a niece, the 
only daughter of the eldest son John. Elizabeth, who is omitted above, married 
Sir Alexander Hamilton Knight. He died after two years, and the widow entered 
the Austin nuns at Bruges. Her only daughter had entered before her, and was 
her Novice Mistress. Foley prints eulogies of Margaret and Anne (see 3 and 9 above) 
from the Chronicles of the Poor Clares, as well as of Frances and Winefrid, nuns of 
the Original Institute of Mary, from Leitner, and the Annals of St. Mary s Convent, 


Mary second Superior of the English Franciscan Nuns at Rouen. 
After governing the House eleven years, she died the 6 th March 1670. 

Anthony Bedingfield S.J. born 28 th of October 1697 : entered the 
Noviceship of the Jesuits at the early age of 17, and died at Liege 
2 d June, 1752. 

Bonaventure Bedingfield O.S.F. Exprovincial died in S* Bona- 
venture s Convent at Douay 5 th June 1782 aged 84.* 

B. Letters from Dame Margaret Bedingfeld. 

It may be well to mention here that there are, besides the letter quoted 
at p. 20, two other letters from Dame Margaret to Lady Yarmouth in other 
volumes at the British Museum. The first, dated from Beck Hall, 25 July 
1675, describes her pleasure at a visit to Oxnead. "A terrestrial paradise ! 
Miss and my cosen Thomas are both prettier than I can expresse ; nor did 
I ever in my life find anything in poetry or painting half so fine as what I 
saw that day at your Ladyship s house." The second letter, dated 13 March 
[? 1676] " salutes the Ld. Lieutenant of Norfolk." On the 23rd of August 
[1676] a letter from Sir Henry, the second baronet, dated "Oxborow." 
Lord Yarmouth, it seems, had been robbed, perhaps with violence, so the 
letter concludes with the prayer, "The diuell take him who designs my 
Lord Yarmouth mischiefe is y e daylie prayer of, My Lord, your obed. 
Kinsman, Henry Bedingfeld, Junior" (MS. from Roydon Hall, Additional 
36,988, ff. 104, 106, 123). 

C. From Mrs. Raoul Bedingf eld s Collection, 

The following extracts are all taken from a large volume of notes on the 
family, bound in black. 

i. The following paper, in M r Marwood s hand, is at Oxburgh. 

" The copy of the Epitaph M r Edward Bedingfeld desired me to 
make for Sir Henry Bedingfeld s Tomb, and which I sent him : but 
it was not, it seems, liked by him." 


Here lyes the body of Sir Henry Bedingfeld of Oxburgh, y c i8 th 
Knight and 2 nd Bart, (in a direct descent) of his Family. Whose Per 
sonage, Accomplishments and good Quality s rendered him eminently 
knowne & esteemed in his Life, and lamented at his death. Hee was 
of Personage noble, aimable & agreeable; of Abord easy; of Con 
versation Pleasant. His Religion & Loyalty he recev d , from a long & 
uninterrupted Line of Ancestors, as a sacred Depot, which he left 
untainted to his young children. (For he was marryed young to the 
onely daughter of the Earl of Berkshire, by whom he had no Issue. 
After her death to the eldest daughter of Sir John Arundell, by whom 
he had one onely son & 3 daughters, the eldest of which dyed at 
Bruxels in his lifetime.) Hospitality, an hereditary virtue of his 
Family, he maintained & Improved even to envy. He was valued & 
valuable, in the different devoirs of his Life being a good Friend, a 

* For Anthony Bedingfeld, S.J., see above, pp. 195-232. Charles Bonaventure 
Bedingfield, O.S.F., seems to have been a convert to the faith, and to have be 
longed to the Ditchingham branch. See p. 195, and Kirk, Biographies of English 



good Neighbour, a good Husband, a good Master, a good Father, & 
had all the Quality s that make a good & compleat gentleman, without 
the least alloy of Fault : he quitted the Life in Christian hopes of a 
better, Sept. 14, 1704, aged 60 & odde years. 
Requiescat in Pace. 

Designed by his gratefull Servant Thos. Marwood. 

2. Another paper relating to Mr. Mat-wood. 

Nov. i, 1718. Received then of Sir Henry Bedingfeld y e sum of 
sixteen shillings & eight pence for y e mortuary & y e Buriall of y e late 
M r Marwood, I say Rec d by me CHA. PARKIN.* 

3. Out of a list of Anniversaries noted by Mr. Marwood in his Prayer- 
book are the following. 

Sir Henry Bedingfeld of Beckhall dyed Feb. 24, i68|. 
The Lady Anne Bedingfeld dyed Sept: 19**, 1682. 
The Lady Elizabeth Bedingfeld dyed April i3 th , 1689. 
Captain William Bedingfeld dyed Jan. y e 3o th , i68|. 
M r John Bedingfeld (y e Uncle) dyed Feb. i8 th , i68f. 
M r To. Bedingfeld (Wickmer) dyed Aug. 9, 1693. 


4. The Children of Sir Henry Arundell Bedingfeld and the Lady 
Elizabeth (Boyle). 

The first was a son dead born, May 28, 1720. 

The second a son, born Aug. 28, 1721, he died soon after. 

The third Elizabeth, born Nov: 7 th , 1722. 

The fourth Henry, born Oct. 27 th , 1723. He died Sept. 6 th , 1732. 

The fifth Charles, born Oct. 17 th , 1724, he died at 2 months old. 

The sixth Mary, born Sept. 27 th , 1725, at the 7 th month she died. 

The seventh Richard, born Sept. 14 th , 1726. 

The eighth Edward, born Feb. 2 lld , 1730. 

The Godfathers & Godmothers 

To Betty, Lady Thanet, Lady Dowager Burlington, Lord Burlington. 

To Henry, Lord Burlington, Lord Carleton, Lady Burlington. 

To Charles, the Duke of Queensberry, Lord Wilmington, Lady Dalkeeth. 

To Richard, Lord Litchfield, M r Boyle, Lady Bruce. 

To Edward, Lord Bruce, Sir John Swinburne, Lady Litchfield. 

The following note occurs at the foot of the page 

The above was wrote by my mother. 


* The Rev. Charles Parkins, Rector of Oxburgh, was an antiquary of high 
standing, who after Blomefield s death completed his Topographical History of 



5 . Communicants in 1781. 

The following list, which has been lately discovered, is believed to be a list of Easter 
Communicants, in the hand of Father Hawkins. 

In festo Palmarum. 

Francis Caldwell 
Henry Brettargh 
Agnes Buckley 
Hannah Spurden [?] 
James Taylor 
Francis Bailey 

Will m . Eade 

In Cocna Dfii. 

Anne Eagle 
Mrs. Rummer 
Mrs. Will. Eade 
Polly Eade 
John Godliman 
Sally Eagle 

In Doin. Rcsur. 

Sir R d . Bedingfeld 
Will. Hemson 
Molly Garnham 
Mrs. Lambert 
Dian. Wright 
Ann Lambert 
Eliz. Woods 
Dorothy Wilkinson 
Sarah Hemson 
Eliz. Fowler 
Mich. Taylor 
Molly Durrant 
Frank Clover 
Mrs. Clover 

Feria Secunda. 

Henry Hemson 
Eliz. Durrant 

John Lorner 
Hubert Gill 
Mr. Fowler 
Mrs. Mundford 
Will. Hemson, jun r 
Mrs. Leach 
Alice Harwood 

Eliz. Leech 

Do in. in Albis. 

Mary Taylor 
Fanny Lambert 
Thomas Wingham 
Mrs. Hemson 
Molly Godliman 
Mrs. Eade (Stoke) 
Mrs. Durrant 
John Lathorn 
Betty Harwood 
Fanny Godliman 
Charles Hemson 

6. Abstract of the Will of Father Thomas Hawkins , S.J. 

This will was made during the suppression of the Society, which may perhaps have 
influenced its terms. The original is preserved at Stonyhurst. 

Bequeaths to Sir Richard Bedingfeld his horse & accoutrements, 
& his snuff box given him by Lady Montague. To Master Beding- 
field all his fishing tackle. 

"Whereas M r " Agnes Buckley has had a great deal of trouble 
with me for some years, & has attended me very assiduously in the 
doctoring of my sore leg; I give her my watch, seals &c. belonging 
to it. I give her also my linen apparel viz. shirts, handkerchiefs, 
stockings &c. also my flower pots & all my glass and crockery ware." 
Residue to Re vd M r Thomas Angler of Norwich (sole executor in trust 
for M rs Norfolk).* n Aug. 1783. Signed & sealed, ii. 116. 

7. A Letter from Charlotte (Jerningham}, Lady Bedingfeld. 

June 1797. I was this morning at Bodney (the Convent) f for 
the first time since my Poor Aunt s Death, after my visit I sent my 
carriage on under pretence of walking some part of the way, but in 
reality to look for her grave in the neighbouring Church Yard. Do 
you remember the Church ? It stands in a ruinous state on a hill not 

* Mrs Norfolk was the code term used by the Jesuits to designate their quasi- 
college of Norfolk and Suffolk. 

t For the convent see above, p. 207. Her aunt was Catherine Dillon, O.S.B., 
daughter of Henry, nth Viscount Dillon, and sister of Frances, the mother of Lady 


far from the convent. ... A few scattered trees shade the base of 
the mount, and one solitary cottage, the sole remaining of the village, 
stands near the top. I directed my steps to the north side of the 
Church where the earth newly sodded up immediately showed me the 
Place where the cold remains of this revered Relation lie. Four nuns 
have died since their arrival at Eodney, they are buried in a Row, a piece 
of wood over each with the Initials of their name & O.S.B., R.I. P. . . . 
I could have stood for hours musing over these simple memorials 
of those who were born to Riches & Grandeur, but who preferred a 
Life of meek Retirement, &: now sleep in peace under the green sod 
surrounded by lowly Peasants. " How the rank grass waves o er the 
chearless ground." 

I feel more strange here than the Old transplanted Pollard that 
was brought with such difficulty before the windows at Oxburgh. 

[This old tree used to be near the Sluice on the east wing, where 
the beech tree now is ; it was blown down in a gale in 1852.] 

8. Yarmouth. 

When Nelson came to Yarmouth in 1801 with the Fleet, Sir 
Richard, who was then living there on the South Deans (which can 
always be recognised by the " battlemented" garden wall erected by 
Lady Charlotte in imitation of Oxburgh !) presented a gold Cup at 
the races. 

9. Reminiscences of Sir Richard^ the Fifth Baronet. 

The " good Sir Richard " died of an apoplectic stroke at Windsor, 
at the White Hart Inn in 1829. There are two old women living at 
Oxburgh (& perhaps more) who remember him, old M 18 Bennet & 
M rs Lambert. The latter is over 90, M rs Bennet is 85. The latter 
remembers Sir Richard s coffin being moved from the Bedingfeld 
Chapel in the parish Church to the private chapel built by his son, 
the 6 th Bart, in 1835. A letter written by Charlotte Lady Bedingfeld 
to her son Sir Henry in 1839, evidently alludes to this. 

" Your letter of yesterday, my dear Henry, overcame me very 
much, but the feeling that remains, is one of great comfort ! Your 
act of filial piety seems to smooth my path to the tomb, and as you & 
yours advance on, you will rejoice in what you have done ! I should 
like to know the day & the hour. I feel, as it were, a weight off my 
mind, for I had not courage to talk over the subject, & my thoughts 
knew not where to go. R.I.P." 

10. The Restoration of Oxburgh. 

Sir Henry Bedingfeld found his ancestral home in a terribly 
dilapidated state, when he succeeded in 1829, but almost immediately 
began the improvements. He set his heart upon restoring the place, 
& sacrificed all his time, money & amusements to this object. Ox 
burgh would certainly have become a ruin, but for his efforts. His 
ambition was to restore it to its former glories as much as possible. 
In all this, he was ably seconded by his wife, who became as enthusi 
astic in the cause as Sir Henry himself. They commenced by employ- 

To face p. 211 


ing Buckler, the celebrated architect, who had built the present 
Costessey Hall. Gothic windows were put in to the North front, to 
replace the modern sash windows, & gothic chimneys took the place 
of the square modern ones. In the general decay of the place, the 
ground surrounding the moat was used by cattle who came to drink, 
& cottages were dotted about in the Park. Sir Henry restored the 
outside wall of the moat, & with the assistance of a clever Scotch 
gardener, called Anderson, the present fine Terrace was made & the 
French garden on the east side of the mansion. The Towers & the 
roof were releaded. The Chapel then consisted of two Cottages in 
the village, & Sir Henry built the present Chapel in the grounds, from 
designs by Pugin. This Chapel was finished in 1837. Sir Henry also 
built the present Presbytery, the Chaplains having formerly lived in 
the house now known as the " Bedingfeld Arms," in Oxburgh village. 
By dint of money payments & legal means Sir Henry got rid of the 
cottages in the Park & turned the Ferry Road further from the House. 
He collected abroad a very large amount of old carved oak & had it 
converted into panellings etc., & the present north Dining Room & 
Staircase were principally constructed by him. The beautiful carved 
oak & painted "Triptych" over the altar in the Chapel was brought 
from Bruges by Sir Henry, who had thoroughly artistic tastes. At a 
later period, just before his death, Sir Henry built the present S.E. 
Tower, entirely from his own designs. He also built the two pretty 
lodges, one on the Stoke Road, & the other at the Chinese Gate, 
besides the Keeper s Lodges in Oxburgh Wood & at the Hythe 
(but the latter was taken from him, as it had been built on Charity 
land by mistake). In the year of his 2 nd son s birth, he planted the 
"Warren Hills" which now form the continuation of the Oxburgh 

NO. II. 


THE Process Book of the Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden in and 
for the County of Monmouth in 1719 is in the Usk Sessions House. It 
is a long folio paper book, bound in calf. 

The names printed in roman letters, immediately under the place- 
names, are those against whom proceedings were to be taken in 1719. 
Those following in italics were added later, probably in the two or three 
following years. The district covers only about half the county, and does 
not include the town of Monmouth. The long list of convicted recusants 
printed in Cath. Rec. Soc. vol. vi. contains no names belonging to this county ; 
so this may be held to be supplementary, although of a later period. 

No i a po ita in p cessu General Quarter Session Pacis 
apud Vske in & p com pr d xiiij die Januar anno 5 G:R: 


Jacobum Prichard de Micheltroy, yeoman ; Jacobum Appletree de 
ead [sen r ],* yeom ; Joh em Appletree de ead , yeom ; Joh em Williams 
de ead, yeom ; Elizabethan! Williams de ead [soluta ] ; Mariam Tyler 
de ead [vid ] ; Aliciam Jones de ead , Luciam Appletree de ead & 
Mariam Beavan de ead , quilibet eor existen etatis sexdecim annor & 
amplius, a decimo quinto die Martij A 5 R s Georgij usqz quartum diem 
Aprilis anno p d c o assidue commoran 8 et inhabitan 8 ecclesiam p och - 
alem de Michetroy p d c a aut ad aliquam Ecclesiam parochial aut loc 
p com preca um p totu tempus p d c m non access ten aut resort sed 
penitus p tot tempus p d c m seip os & quilibet eor seips ab inde 
absent cum tamen non habuer nee eor aliquis h uit ullu legitim aut 
rationabilem sic absenc excusac o emt- 


Janam Jones p absenc ab eccl ia Maria ux J Thome Jones 
ut pr d c m Maria ux Thome Austin 

Margaretam Austin p consi l i 1 

* Words in square brackets are from the list of the following year. 

) Translation. Names put in process at the General Quarter Session of the 
Peace at Usk, in and for the County aforesaid, on the I4th day of January in the 5th 
year of King George, 1719. 

Caerleon Sessions. 8 April. James Prichard of Michel Troy, yeoman ; James 
Appletree of the same, yeoman ; John Appletree of the same, yeoman ; John 
Williams of the same, yeoman ; Elizabeth Williams of the same, [spinster] ; Mary 
Tyler of the same, [widow] ; Alice Jones of the same ; Lucy Appletree of the same; 
and Mary Beavan of the same ; each of them being of the age of sixteen years and 
more, from the fifteenth day of March in the 5th year of King George until the 4th 
day of April in the aforesaid year, continually dwelling and inhabiting, for the whole 
time aforesaid have not repaired to, kept or resorted to the parish church of Michel 
Troy aforesaid, nor any parish church or place for common prayer, but for the whole 
time aforesaid have, and each of them hath, absented himself therefrom, without 
having any lawful or reasonable excuse for such absence. 

1 Pro foiisimili, for the like. J Wife. 





Joh em Ayleworth, 1 gen & ux 
Joh em Philpott, yeom 
Joh em Rice, yeom [Rees] m z 
Georg Philpott, gen 


Alex Prichard, yeom 

Katherin Williams 

Eliza Short 

Franciscu Watkins 

Jana Watkins, wid 

Joh em Brown 

Joh em Gwillim 

Wittii Beavan, High Street Ward 

Ricardu Williams 

Joh em Roberts 

Joh em Waters [& vx ] 

Josephu Waters [& vx ] 

David James 

Edwardu Higgins [Hutchings] 

Josephu Prichard, Monk Street 


Joh em Watkins 
Maria James 
Wittii George 
Annci Howell 
Wittu Saunders, Cross Street, 

& vx 

Wittti Lewis & vx 
Paulu Prichard 
Cherey Progers 
Ma g Prichard 
Ann Jones 
Frances Watkins 
Elizb Williams 
Elizb Prichard 
Anna Roberts 

Mary Davies, Monk Street Ward 
Anna Phillips 
Rich Williams 
Elizb Morgan 
Blanchid Morgan, sp r 
A nn Watkins, Mill Street Ward 
Catherin Thomas 
Elizb Watkins 
Ann Gibbs 
Elizabcthd Aubrey 

1 Of Trccastell. 
3 Abergavenny. 
5 Llanfair Cilgiclyn. 

Jane vx Phil Morgan, hatter, 

Rother Street Ward 
Elizabethd Maddocks 
Joseph^ Brown 
Elizb Darcey, wid 
Joanna Fisher 
Jacobu Gwillim 
Jacobu Watkins 
Letticid Roberts 
Mar gar eta Watkins 
Maria Watkins 
Kath Gunter, vid , ffrognwre 

Street Ward 
Jernomia Mace 
Cherey Mase 
Jery vx Joh Mase 
Martha [vx Wittu] Beavan 
John Kemble, ironmonger 
Hugone Lewis, gen 
David Beavan, vict l r 
Thomas ffox 

Wil Beavan, High Street Ward 
Jane Rosser Wat kin 
Margaret [vx Rees] William 
John Edwards 
Mary Aston [Ashton] of Tidder 

Street Ward 
Susan Fisher 
Edward Best m 
Winefrid Best of Butcher Row 


Isaac Abraham 
Nichola Roberts 
Edwardu Morgan Evan 
Georgia Morgan 
Rogeru Prosser 
Anthoniu John Phillip 
Georg Morgan [alter} 
Mary Powell, vid 
Catherine Williams, wid 
Mary Harris, wid 


Joh em Jones, harper, & Maria 

Jocosa Jones, vid 


Margaretii Street 

2 Mortuus. 

* Llanddewi Rhyddcrch. 

6 Trcgacr. 



Rebecca vx Morgan! Powell 1 
Cecilia vx Arthuri Morgan 
Anna vx Walteri Prosser 
Margareta George 
Walteru Prichard, fflaxman, & 

Maria vx 

Franc um Prichard 
Maria Powell, vid 
Thoma Prichard 
Wittu Weson 


Joh em Roberts 
Franciscu Williams 
Nichola Wall 
Maudlen William, vid 
Maria Williams 
Winefrida Jones 
Elianora Wall 
Elianora Watkins, vid 
Nichola Wall [alter] 
John Roberts, jun r 
Mary Jones 
Eleanor William 
Howell Wall 


Wittu Jones, 2 ar 
Wittu Edward Watkin 
FranciscO Adams, gen 
Thoma Adams, gen 
Philippu Morgan 
Herbertu Williams 
Georgia Hughes 
Wittu Morgan 
Ludovicu Rosser & ux 
Evan Harris 
Gather ind Andrews 
Morns Harris 
Evan David 
Georg Tomkins 
Walt Adams 
Ann Adams 
John Jones, esq 
Edward Watkins 
Mary vx Hector Morgan 
Morris Morgan 
George Phillip 
Evan Jones 

Moor Llcwellin 
Ann Thomas 


Thoma Barclay, 3 gen 

Maria Barclay 

Jacobu Davies 

Wittu Stone 

Maria Stone 

Cecilia Edwards 

Joh em Morrice [Morris, yeom ] 

Alicia Phillip 

David Phillip & Maria vx 

Susanna Jones 

Josephu Lewis & Jana vx 

Jana Lewis 

Ed ru Younge 

Howellu Younge & Susanna 


Maria Younge 
Joh em Williams, yeom 
Howellu Morgan 
Maria Morgan 
Anna David John 
Eals Phillips 
Elizabeth^ Price 
Jana Young 
Susanna Voting 
Martha Evans 
Theophilus Williams 
Wittft Beayan 
Phil David 
John Waters 


Nichola Williams 4 & vx 
Howellu William & vx 
Elizabetha vx Jacobi John 
Howellu Lewis & ux 


Edward Progers, 6 gen & 


David Prichard 
Wittu ffloyd 
Morganu Griffith 
Elizabetha Jones [John] 
Elizabetha Brutt 
Jana Williams 

1 Williams of the Artha. 

2 Of Hendre Obeth, now Herbert of Llarurth Court. 

8 Berkeley of Spetchley, co. Worcester. * Of the Beili-du. 

Llamilio I ertholeu. * Of Werndu. 



Jana Jones 
Elizabetha Edwards 
Wenefrida Edwards 
Johanna Edwards 
Katherina Edwards 
Maria vx Carol! Edwards 
Carolu Edwards t 
Anna William vid 
Jeoneta vx Ric William 
Juditha vx Joh is William 
Anna Evan, vid, 
Wittu Jones 1 gen 
Catherine Theophilus 
Elizabethd Lewis 
Juditha Williams, sp r 
Jacobu Lewis 
Joh em Edward, taylor 
Jana James 
Maria Prichard 
Winefridd Watkins 
Katherina Williams 
Mary Morris 
Joanna James 
Cath Weason 
Jane Rosser 
Walt Williams, gen 


Joh em Jones & Maria vx 
Joh em Williams, gen 


Maria Price 

Edmondu Powell 

Anna Powell 

Joh em Powell 

Ed rum Powell 

Margareta Powell 

Maria Powell 

Maria Prichard 

Margareta [Mary] vx Witti 

Prichard [Richard] 
Thomas Edmond 


Joh em Kemeys, yeom & Alicia 


Joh em Miles 
Anna Amys, vid 
Anna James 

1 Llanfihangcl-ystern-llcwern. 

3 Pen-y-clawdcl. 

6 Of Court Robert in Tregaer. 

Alicia Miles, sp r 
Anna Phillip, sp r 


Maria Harry, vid 
Joh em Hopkin 


Joh em Jones, gen & vx p con- 

si li & Cath vx 
Joh em Anthony & Eliz b vx 
Thoma Anthony & Marg t vx 
Thoma David [Uavies] Jana 


Andrea Davies & vx 
Maria Andrew 
Alicia Howell, vid 
Wenefrida Watkins, 5 vid 
Thoma William & ux 
Maria Parry 

Elizabetha Rowland [Prolent] 
Winefrid Alecockes 
Ed rum Davies 
Joseph Evans & Mary vx 
Maria [vx Tho] Price 
Martha [vx Joh is] James 
Thoma Prichard & vx 
Elizb Davies 
Maria Williams 
Maria Hughes [vx Tho Wil 

Mary vx Moor Andrew 


With! Nicholas gen & Janet 


Thoma David & Rebecca vx 
Wittu David & vx 
Phil Prosser & vx Elizb [Rosser] 
Joh em Merry & vx 
Joh em Watkins & vx 
Wenlliana Richard vid 
Jenkinu David 
Elizabetha vx Will i Jenkin 
Georgia Wiliams 
Llysod Llewelin 
Phil Parry & vx 
Eliza vx Ricei Jones 
Margareta Watkins 

2 Lhinddewi Fach. 
4 Dingastow. 
* Bryngwyn. 



Sara Green 
Elizabetha Jones 
Phil David 


Joh em Powell & Alicia vxore 


Susanna Powell, wid 
Joh em Sheldon [Selton] & Maria 


Wittu Adams 
Eliza Giles, vid 
Henricu Prichard & Anna vx 
Joh em Phillips 
Rowland Rowland 
Thoma Llewelin 
Barbara Rowland, wid 
Jana vx Llewelini Jones 
Wiftu Powell et Alicia vx 
Eleonord Morgan 
Joh em Evans [Beavan] 
Thomd Prichard 
Willu Powell 6- Alicia vx 
Maria Charles 
Gwenllian Phillips 
Ann Prichard 


Joh em Scudamore of Caya z 
Joh em Scudamore, jun [ob. this 

Presad [Persediam 3 ] vx Henrici 


Anna Arthur, vid 
Sara vx Jacobi Arthur 
Ed rum Charles 
Anna Harris, vid 
Samuelem Harris & Ann vx 
Maria Davies, vid 
Katharina Powell, vid 
Katharina vx Witti Charles 
Dorothea Prichard, vid 
Joh em Prichard 
Wi#i Williams, tiler, et Anna 


Jana vx Caroli Hoiskins 
Maria vx Witti John 
Maria James [wife of Wil ] of 

Rulase 4 
Mary James sp r, their dau. 

1 Pcnrhos. 

3 Also "Trcsea," "Teresa," 

Rebecca James, vid 

Elizb vx Ric Jane 

William Watkins (Raglan town] 

Will Wood & Maria, vx 

Mary vx Ed r i Lewis 

Joan vx Caroli Holmes 

Wil Morgan 

Elizb James (Raglan town) [vx 

Rich Jane] 
Wil William, tiler, 6- Ann vx 


Aron Powell 
Joh em Watkins 
Thoma Robert [Probert] 
Wittmu Vaughan 
Henricu Williams 
Jennettd Powell [vx David] 
Maria Prichard 

CUMYOY, upper division 

Herbertu Crofts, gen [& Blanchia 
vx ] 

Henricu Crofts, gen 

Blanchia Crofts 

"Camrey" [Kinborough] Pri 
chard jun r 

Tho. Price 

Clinro [Kinburrough] Prichard 

Elizabetha Price 

CUMYOY, lower division 
Roberta Williams 
Elizabetha William 
Evanff John [Hugh] & Maria 


Maud Robert, vid 
Johanna Price 
Cecilia Williams 
Eleanord William 
Joh em Crofts 
Sibilla Adams 
Joanna Jones 


Maria vx Arnold ap Arnold 
Maria vx Thome Prichard 
Maria vx David Lloyd 
Martha vx WilPi Watkins 
Maria ux Joh is Jones 

and " Tresse." 





Maria vx Witti Vaughan 
Wenefrida John vid [Jones] 
Franciscu Roberts 
Joh em Vaughan 
Mary vx Tho Vaughan 
Winefrid Morgan* wid 


Maria vx Witti John 
Frances wife of Walter Morgan 
Thomas Smith 
Joanna Jasper, wid 


Elizabeths Gibbon, vid 


Rica Phillip Lewis 


Joh em Prichard 
Joh em Jones & Elizabetha 


Elizabetha vx Will i Harry 
Lucia Prichard, wid 
Cath Prichard 


Jana vx Thome Harris, yeom 
Jana Waters, vid 
Eliza vx Josephi William 
Eliza vx Witti Rogers 


Rogerii William, lab r 

Thoma Green, mason 

Wittum Matthew, carpenter 

Franciscu Williams, lab 1 

Joh em Phillip, lab r 

josephu Davies, taylor 

Joh em William, lab r 

Will um John, lab r 

Rice Price, tailor [Rees ap Rees 


Thoma Leonard jun r , lab r 
Thoma ap Thomas, lab r 
Thoma Leonard sen r , lab r [mason] 
Rice Price, tucker [Rees Prees] 
Thoma William, tailor 
William Lewis, lab r 

Anthoniu Beauford 
Carolu Williams, taylor 
Thoma Lawrence 


Roberta Davies, tailor 
Joh em Elkinton & vx 
Elizabetha Harry [wife of James 


Jana Corporall, vid 
Robert Davis, gen 


Roberta Needham 4 sen , gen 
Roberta Needham jun, gen m 
Joh em Needham, gen 
Thoma Nourse, lab r 
Ed rum Higgins, yeom 
Joh em Tyler al s James 
Henricu James, lab r 
Phil Morgan sen , yeom 
Thoma Morgan 
Jacobu Evans, lab r 
Thoma Williams, weaver 
Laurenc William, weaver 
Joh em James, wheeler 
Walt Evans, cooper 
Ed rum Watkins, yeom 
Wittum Davies, butcher [David 

Wittum Davies, wheeler [David 

carpenter, wheeler] 
Phillippa Morgan jun 
A mas Harris, A lemon 
Thomas Evan, weaver 


Joh em Vaughan, 5 ar 
Nichola Gwillym, gen 
Joh em Harris, gen 
Joh em Meyrick, gen 
Anthonia Bansarde [Banford] 
Jacobu Merry 
Witta Davies 
Joh em Davies 
John Hawnis 
Joh em Merrick 


Ed rum Roberts, gen 
Hugonem William James 

1 Of Wcrn-gochen. 
Of Ililston. 

2 Llanwcnarth. 

3 Llanqwm Uchaf. 
5 OfCourtfield. 



Walt William James 
Phil William " James [Phil Wil 
liams], yeom 

Thoma Turner, weaver [yeom ] 
Willu Hall, sadler [altered in a 

subsequent entry to " ffidler "] 
Howellu Powell, lab r 
John Roberts, gen [yeom ] 


Edru Philpott * 
Joh em Asplin [Asplyn] 
Joh em Newell 
John Davies 


Joh em Scudamor, ar 
Rob tum Andrews, gen 
Jacobu Powell; 
Thoma Harris 
Wittu Williams, gen 
Georgia Jenkins 
Joh em Jones 
Arnoldu Lewis 
Anthoniu Evans 
Thoma David 
Joh em Prichard, gen 
David Price [Pace] 
Georgia Scudamore, ar 
Georgia Colly 
Ludovicii Morgan Baker 
Maria Baker 
Georgia Crofts 


Henricii Thomas [weaver] 

Simone Nicholas 

Katharina Christopher, vid 

Maria Powell 

Anna Parry 

Anna vx Caroli Parry 

Maria nx Thome Powell, carp t r 

Simone Nicholas, jurir 

Turbcrvill Crofts? gen 

Thomas George 

Mary vx Charles Morgan James 

Elizb vx Plenr Thomas 

Hamleta de GWEHELOG 3 
Maria vx Michaelis Charles 
Maria Smith, wid 
vx Witti Evan 
Maria vx Witti Walter 
Anna vx David Herbert 
Margareta Charles 
Wittu Lewis Adam 
Maria Harris, vid 
Jane Evans 

Hamleta de GLASCOED 4 
Herbertii Springett, gen 
Ricu Morgan, lab r 


Nichola Madocks, husbandman, & 

Jana vx eius 
Wenefrida Giles, vid 
Nicholas Madocks jun r 


Wenefrida vx Rolandi Jenkins 
Margareta vx Joh is William 

Ho well 

Winefrid Williams 
Marg* Evans 


Maria Crofts, 7 vid 

Willu Watkins, gen 

Willu Rogers, gen 

Prudentia Fletcher, vid 

Juditha William, sp r 

Wittum Pullen 

Maria Charles, vid 

Jacobu Lewis & Margareta vx 


Maria Lewis, vid 
Maudlen Jenkins, wid 
Franciscu Lewis 
Willu Lewis 
Anna vx Thome Valentine 


Maud vx Witti Jones 
Carolft Edward 
Thoma Joseph 
Maria Pullen, vid 
Martha vx Will i Watkin 

Of Llati!j;ynfil. 2 Of Llanfair Cilgocd in Llantilio Creseny. 

Gwyhclwg in the parish of Usk. 4 In the parish of Usk. 

Llangyfy w. 6 Llanhhangcl Font-y-uioel. 7 Of Llanfair Cilgocd. 



Mary vx WiV Charles 
John Prichard 


Sara Charles, sp r 

Lucia Morgan, singlewoman 

Lucy Powell 

Hamleta de PENBIDLE 
Joh em Thomas & Wenefrida vx 

Hugon Pacy & Eliza vx 


Hugon Phillip 
Maria Christopher, vid 
Evanii David & Maria vx 

Hiigone Parry 

LANVRECHVA, lower end 
Joh em Lawrence, yeom 
Ed rum William [Thomas] 
Franciscii Miles 
Anna George 


Willu Charles, [yeom ] 

Thoma Howell, yeom & vx 
Maria [Marilla], 

Margareta Bryan 

Katherina Leonard 

Maria James 

Eleanor Rice [Rees] 

David Prichard [Richard], husb* 

Elizabetha Edmond [Evans], sp r 

Jana William David [Joan Wil 

Maria Leonard 

WiP Charles 

Edmond Evans, yeom 

Jane Nicholas 


Joh em George, & Amy vx 

Joh em Harry 

Ed rum Andrew, agric" & Mar 
gareta vx 

Thoma Edmond agric &: Flor 
ence vx 

Blanchia Morgan, vid 

Barbara George, vid [Gernin] 

Blanchia Jenkin, sp r 
Elizabetha William Thomas 
Eleanor a vx Thome "Howell 

[Water"], agric 
Rachel vx Witti Giles [Witti 

Andrew], agric 
Thoma Edward 
Elizab Edmond, vid 
Elizb Thomas, vid 
Anna vx Joh is Giles, agric 
Anna John, vid 
Ann vx Adam Rowland, agric 
Elizab vx Thome Howell, 

Anna vx Rosser William Philip, 

Anna John, spinster 


Joh em Williams gen &: Maria vx 


Henricu Williams, gen [pharma- 

copol ] 

Ed rum Williams, gen 
Joh em Romsey 

Jacobii Lewis, taylor [tyler] lab r 
Maria Bainton [Baynton] 
Maria Griffiths 
Maria Lowe [Love] 
Maria vx Joh is Lewis 
Elizabetha Williams vid 
Elizabetha Hopman [Hopeman] 
Joh em Baynton 
Amey vx Joh is Lewis 
Margareta vx Arthur i Baynton 
Maria Harris 
Anna Lewis 
Elizb Edwards 


Thoma Charles 
Andrea Hughes, innkeeper 
Morganu Prichard 
Catherina Prichard 
Jacobu Williams, yeom 
Phillippu Kenvin [Cunfyn] barber 
& vx 


Wittum Williams, gen 

Llangatoc Caerleon. 

Llanfihangel Llantarnam. 




John Jones, gen 
Franciscu Weaver 
Philip Powell, gen 
Matthew Lewis, gen 
Joshua Leonard 
Philip Jones 
Gibbon William 
Tho. Harris & Martha vx 
Frances vx Phil Trevor 

Hamleta de MONKSWOOD 
Maria vx Jacobi Charles 
Maria James 


Anna John, vid 
Anna vx Joh is Giles 

Jacobii Price 
Mariam William 


Anna Jenkin 
Henricu Cadogan 
Rogeru Cadogan 


Barnaba Turner 


Maria vx Witti William 
Anna Williams 
Mary Prichard 


Maria Williams, vid 
Francisca vx Jacobi Price 

Llanfihangel Tor-y-mynydd. 

NO. Ill 


THE present Lady Abbess of St. Clare s Abbey, Darlington, obliged me 
with the loan of a letter to Frances, in religion Mother Mary Agnes 
Newsham, from her mother. Born 4 Oct. 1812, she died 16 Oct. 
1889, having been abbess twenty years. She was the only child of John 
Newsham (brother of Monsignor Charles Newsham, D.D., the former dis 
tinguished President of Ushaw College), a farmer at Everingham and 
land-steward to Mr. Marmaduke William Constable-Maxwell and Sarah, dau. 
of Thomas Smith, a freeholder of Howden and farmer at Everingham, by 
Mary, dau. of Robert Wilson, a farmer, and Anne , his wife. 

John Newsham d. 10 June 1814, and his widow subsequently mar. 
William Lambert, also a farmer, the last name on the list ; the initials 
" S. L." being thus accounted for as Sarah Lambert. 

The letter shows that the future abbess had applied to her mother for 
the dates of the deaths of her relatives that she might keep their obits 

Such obituaries are not only interesting and of genealogical value, but 
are specially appropriate with the registers of Everingham in which so 
many of the names appear. 

The paper is endorsed in pencil " Mother M. Agnes Newsham s rela 
tions." I am indebted to my cousin, Miss Mary Agnes Smith, cousin of 
Abbess Newsham, for particulars of the persons named. Some of the 
names appear also in the registers of the neighbouring mission of Holme 
on Spalding Moor (Cath. Rec. Soc., iv.). J. S. H. 

Ann Wilson Died i2th of July 1759, she was my Grandmother, a 
Convert from Quakerism. 

Sarah Whitaker,* on 15 of July 1779, my Aunt, my Mother s 

Robert Wilson, on 24 of October 1791, my Grandfather, he was a 

John Newsham, on 10 of June 1814, your dear Father. 

Elizabeth Norriss,t on 13 of July 1824, my Aunt, my Mother s 

Stephen Easingwood, 18 of February 1826, your Uncle, J he was a 

Mary Smith, 16 of June 1832, my Mother. 

Rachel Smith, || 6 of Nov r 1836, your Aunt. 

Thomas Smith, 22 of Nov r 1837, your Grandfather. 

* Daughter of Robert Wilson. 

t Daughter of Robert Wilson. 

J Uncle by marriage to Ellen, dau. of Thomas Smith. 

Daughter of Robert Wilson and wife of Thomas Smith. 

|| Rachel, dau. of John Dunwell, farmer of Harswell, who in 1807 voted for the 
County in right of his freehold at Kirk Deighton. She was a convert, and the first 
wife of John, only son of Thomas Smith. 


Ellen Easingwood,* 13 of March 1848, Everilda s Mother, a 

Rev d Mathew Newsham, 20 of May 1848. 

Rev d Thomas Smith, t 5 of June 1850, your Cousin. 

Robert Smith,! 15 of July 1851, your Cousin. 

Edward Joseph Smith, 25 of February 1857, your Cousin. 

William Lambert, 20 Jan r ^ 1858. 

Dear Frances, I hope I have not transgress! by sending this in 
lent ; I should not have sent this now, only your Cousin Ellen s 
Anniversary is on Thursday. || Mass will be said for her on Friday ; 
adue, all is well, kind regards to Rev d Mother Abbess. ff 

S. L. [Sarah Lambert] 

* Ellen Lofthouse, who mar. Thomas, son of Stephen Easingwood by Elizabeth, 
dau. of Thomas Smith. She had five children Stephen, Edgar, Alfred, Everilda, 
and Joseph. 

f A deacon mentioned in C.K.S., iv. 

J A brother of the previous one. 

Another brother. 

|| Ellen Easingwood s anniversary is given on 13 March, which in 1862 occurs on 
a Thursday. This supplies the date of the latter, within a few days. Mrs. Lambert s 
mortuary cards show that she died on 23 January 1869, aged 82. 

IT Miss Elizabeth Leadbitter was Abbess from 1856 till her death on 23 Dec. 



THIS list of "Papists" was printed in the Northern Genealogist, iii. 6-8, 
from returns made to the Archbishop of York. The place where deposited 
is not given, but in a later part of the same volume other returns are 
described as " In the possession of the Archbishop of York at Bishop- 
tliorpe." It was therefore doubtless made there by the late Mr. Alfred 
Gibbons, a notable genealogist and antiquary, the editor of the publication. 
It gives some idea of the Catholics resident in the parish of Everingham at 
the time, and useful information which does not appear in the registers. 

J. S. H. 

1. W m H. Constable,* esq. 

2. Winefrid,t his lady 1 

3. Catherine Constable 

4. W m Fleetwood J . 

5. Charles Pegge 

6. Mary Goodrick 

7. Mary Smith . 

8. W m Lazenby 

9. Ann Oakland 

10. Ann Randerson 

1 1. Mary Bates . 

12. Catherine Yeoman 

13. Philip Londsbro . , 

14. Thomas Maltas 

15. Barbara, his wife . 

1 6. Marmaduke Beal . 

17. Ann, his wife 

1 8. Matthew Beal 

19. Dorotha, his wife . 

20. Rebecca 

21. John 

22. Mary 

23. Mary Jackson, widow 

24. John Catton . 

25. William Baxter 

26. Mary, his wife 

27. John 

28. Alice . 

29. Mary . 

30. Matthew Bentley . 

31. Mary, his wife 








Their children 


Their children 


12 years 

12 years 
2 months 

2 years 

i i, 
3 months 
i year 

i ,i 

3 months 


30 years 














5 2 

# William Haggerston Constable (see peerages under Herries). 
t Lady Winefride Maxwell (ibid., and extinct peerages under Nithsdale). 
Verc Rev. Francis Walter (alias John) Flectwood, S J. Sec page 263. 
VII. J 57 R 



32. John [Bentley] 

33. Sarah . 

34. Elizabeth * . 

35. Jane . 

36. Ann 

37. Agnes f. 

38. Francis Whelton . 

39. Elizabeth, his wife 

40. Ann, their daughter 

41. Richard Marshall . 

42. Mary, his wife 

43. John . 

44. Richard, an infant 

45. John Marshall 

46. Mary Jackson, widow 

47. John, her son 

48. Ann Norrey . 

49. Mary, her daughter 

50. Ann Kemply, widow 

51. Thomas 

52. Ursula . 

53. Henry . 

54. Ann . 

55. Robert Wilson J . 

56. Elizabeth 

57. Mary . 

58. Sarah . 

59. Robert Dean 

60. Prudence, his wife 

61. Peter . 

62. Robert . 

63. Grandchild . 

64. Philip Dean . 

65. Joseph Catton 

66. Elizabeth, his wife 

67. Mary . 

68. Ann 

69. Thomas 

70. Joseph . 

71. Sarah 

72. John 

73. John Holmes 

74. Elenor Norris 

75. Sarah Clark . 


Their children 


Their children 


\ Her children 


> His children 

Their children 

Land Steward 

! Their children 






28 years 

9 years 


10 years 

10 years 



30 years 









I I 


6 4 

2 I 








2 3 

* Elizabeth Bentley mar. Richard Simpson. See note, Cath. Rec. Soc., iv. 399. 

t See her marriage to John Snell in the Everingham Registers on 19 Jan. 

J Mentioned, with his wife Anne and three daughters in the preceding 

paper. His dau. Elizabeth mar. Robert Norriss; Mary mar. Thomas Smith; and 
Sarah mar. George Whitaker. 






76. Mary Rudd . 


77. Ann Rudd . 
78. Sarah Rudd . 


Her children 

79. John Rudd . 


80. Mary Plowman 

3 years 

81. Ann 
82. Mary 


Her children 

83. William Lane 

14 years 

84. Philip Lonsbro * . 



85. John Howe . 



* Query a 

repetition of No. 13. 







NO. V 



THE Register Book, now at Somerset House, and numbered "York 105" 
outside, and "44 York" inside, is a folio paper one, vellum bound, of about 
360 pages, of which only 46 at the front, one of confirmations about two- 
thirds of the way through, and four of marriages and deaths at the end, 
reversed, are used. It is in good condition, and has been copied by me, by 
permission of the Registrar-General. My thanks are also due to Mr. A. R. 
Bellingham, Superintendent of Records, and his staff for their attention. 
The blank-form certificate is filled in as follows in italics : 

The annexed or accompanying Book is the original Register Book of 
Baptisms which has been kept for the Roman Catholic Chapel called S 
Marys, n r Pocklington, situate in the Parish of Everingham in the County 
of York founded about the year a Domestic Chapel from the reign of 
Edward t/ie 6th. A public Church opened in 1839. The Book sent has 
been from time to time in the custody of the Clergymen for the time being, 
of the Chapel ; it is sent to the Commissioners from the immediate custody 
of the Clergyman of S* Mary s Church in the Parish of Everingham who 
has kept it since 1814 as the appointed Pastor of the place. 

Signed the seventee\n\th day of October 1840. 
Matthew Newsham^ Clergyman or Officiating Minister. 

Another set of Registers, in the possession of the late Lord Herries, 
has been compared with those at Somerset House. They differ in some 
respects, and end in 1800. They are evidently older, being written on six 
and a half sheets of paper folding io| x 6 inches ; the half sheet containing 
pages I and 2 being loose, the rest sewn together. They are written on all 
the twenty-six pages, and there are no signatures on the first eight, but on 
the ninth and following, "T. G.," "T. Gur., | or the fuller "T. Gurnall " 
appear. The only description at the head is " Begun by John Bennet 
Minister. 1771." The particulars are slightly different, and inversions of 
phrase, the first reading, " Baptised John Dolman of Pocklington Son to 
\V m and Elizabeth Dolman. Godfather was Robert Dolman. Godmother 
was N. Dolman Grandmother. April y e i ." 

As in this case and others there are additions to and variations from 
the Somerset House registers ; being of more or less importance, these 
have been added in italics within circular brackets, as "(a/ Everinghani) ", 
"(Nancy)" in the second baptism. The three particulars are not divided, 
the first consisting of one baptism, two marriages, and one death. For 
many reasons it seemed preferable to print from one register the most 

It has been matter for regret that these registers could not be printed 
during the lifetime of the late Lord Herries, our first President, who took 
great interest in them, as evinced by his lending his own copy, to say 
nothing of his accepting the office of first President, when the Society 
consisted of only seventy members. As late as 16 April 1908, his Lordship 
wrote to the contributor of this paper : 

" I am glad to hear so good an account of the progress of the 
Record Society. My sister wrote to me the other day that she met 
in York a few weeks ago an old lady, Miss Hunter, aged 87. The old 

lady used to live near here [Everingham Park], & she said her grand- 



father, named Chambers, used to ride over here for Mass every Sunday 
from Cranswick. It is at least 16 miles from here. On looking over 
an old baptismal register of F r Gurnall s, I see in 1776 he baptised 
at Cranswick the infant son of Thomas & E. Chambers, & in 1779 he 
baptised there another son. It is rather an interesting corroboration 
of her story ! " 

Mr. Gillow, the Hon. Recorder, has added the following particulars of 
the mission, the missioners, and its supporters in the past. J. S. H. 

The manor of Everingham, in that parish, in the division of Holme- 
Beacon, East Riding of Yorkshire, three miles WNW. of Market- 
Weighton, was carried by Barbara, daughter and heiress of Sir John 
Sothill, to her husband Sir Marmaduke Constable, of Flamborough, whose 
descendants made Everingham their principal residence till the family 
became extinct in the male line upon the death of Sir Marmaduke Con 
stable, 4th Bart., in July 1746, aged 64. The estates then devolved upon 
his great-nephew William, 2nd son of Sir Carnaby Haggerston, Bart., and 
grandson of Sir Marmaduke s sister Anne, wife of William Haggerston, son 
of Sir Thomas Haggerston, of Haggerston Castle, co. Northumberland, 
Bart. William Haggerston assumed the additional name of Constable, 
and married, Oct. 17, 1758, Lady Winefride Maxwell, only surviving 
daughter and heiress of John, Lord Maxwell, who had assumed the title 
of Earl of Nithsdale upon the decease, in 1744, of his father, the attainted 
5th Earl of Nithsdale and 9th Baron Herries. Upon his marriage Mr. 
Haggerston-Constable assumed the additional name of Maxwell. The 
Scottish barony of Herries descended to the late Marmaduke Haggerston- 
Constable-Maxwell as I2th Lord Herries, who was created Baron Herries 
in the United Kingdom in 1884. The Scottish barony is now held by his 
elder daughter, Gwendolen, Duchess of Norfolk. 

During the reign of Elizabeth the Constables temporised in matters ot 
religion, but in the early years of the reign of James I. nearly all the family 
were reconciled to the ancient faith, some by the Rev. James Sharpe alias 
Pollard, a priest who came to the mission in Yorkshire from the English 
College at Valladolid in 1604, was banished in 1607, and subsequently 
became a Jesuit, and others by Fr. Richard Holtby alias Fetherston, S.J., 
including the head of the family, Sir Philip Constable, Knt., whose con 
version seems to have taken place after the rest of his family, about 1612. 
After this it is most probable that the chapel at Everingham was regularly 
served by a priest. 

From this period the family suffered intensely for their faith, both in fine 
and imprisonment, and many of them devoted their lives to the service of 
the Church as priests and nuns. Sir Philip died July 14, 1619. Two of his 
sons entered the English College at Rome, Henry and William. The 
former had been reconciled by Fr. Sharpe, and was admitted into the 
college under the alias of Robinson in 1611, being then 24 years of age. 
He was ordained priest in 1618, came to the mission in 1619, and no doubt 
would occasionally say Mass at Everingham. William also assumed the 
alias of Robinson upon entering the college in 1613 at the age of 23. He 
left in 1613, but remained in Rome, and it is questionable if he became a 
priest. Their nephew Robert, son of Sir Marmaduke Constable who died 
in 1632, at the age of 19 entered the college at Rome in 1616 under the 
alias of Salvin, subsequently became a Jesuit, and served the mission in 
Yorkshire and Lincolnshire for fourteen years, dying at Liege in 1678. He 
also used the alias of Tyrwhitt, the name of his paternal grandmother, the 
wife of Sir Philip Constable. His elder brother Sir Philip, and his younger 
brothers Michael and Marmaduke took an active part in defence of their 
sovereign. Lieut.-Col. Michael, educated at Rome, was slain at Hopton 
Heath ; and Captain Marmaduke, standard-bearer to the Earl of Lindsay, 


lost his life at the battle of Edgehill. Sir Philip was created a baronet by 
Charles I. in 1642, and on account of his loyalty and faith his property was 
sequestrated by the Commonwealth and sold under the Act for the Sale 
of Delinquents Estates. The baronet lived to see the Restoration, dying 
Feb. 25, 1664. Two of his younger sons and a daughter, Barbara, joined 
the Benedictine Order. Dom Philip Constable, alias More, was a convictor 
at the English College at Rome, and left in 1643 to serve in the royal army. 
After the decline of the royal cause he went to Douay College to resume 
his studies for the Church, and took the oath there in 1648. Eventually he 
joined the Benedictines and was professed at St. Gregory s in 1660, came to 
the mission in the north, probably at times serving at Everingham, and 
died in 1680. The other brother, Dom Thomas Augustine Constable, born 
at Eagle Castle, a residence belonging to his father in Lincolnshire, was 
professed at St. Gregory s in 1649, likewise came to the mission in the 
north, and no doubt occasionally said Mass at Everingham before his trans 
ference to the south in 1677 and his death in 1712. Other priests in the 
family who most likely occasionally served here were FF. Marmaduke, 
John, and Robert Constable, S.J., who died respectively in 1750, 1740, and 
1739. It is probable that shortly before the death of the first baronet, in 
1664, he obtained as his chaplain 

Rev. Robert Dolman, a young priest ordained at Rome in 1658, who 
left the English College for the mission in 1660. He was the eldest son 
of Philip Dolman and his wife, a daughter of Sir Walter Vavasour, of 
Hazlewood Castle, co. York, Bart., and he was born about 1633. His 
grandparents were Sir Robert Dolman, of Pocklington, and his wife 
Eleanor, daughter of Sir William Mallory, of Studley. Little of his 
missionary career is known, save that he was chaplain to Sir Philip s son 
and successor, Sir Marmaduke Constable, the second baronet. A priest 
named "Bankes" is said to have been chaplain at Everingham a little 
later. The name was evidently an alias, and may be identified with 

Rev. Nicholas Metcalfe alias Bankes, ordained priest at the English 
College at Lisbon, whence he set out for the English mission, Aug. 16, 
1674. He probably adopted his alias after his uncle or relative, the Rev. 
Peter Metcalfe, third son of Anthony Metcalfe, gent., of Stanwick parish, 
by Ellen, daughter of Robert Lambert, of Oulton, Esq., who went to 
Douay College under the alias of " Bankes," thence left with the first colony 
for the college at Lisbon in 1628, where he used the alias of Nelson ; was 
there ordained priest in 1633, returned to Douay, and thence came to 
England in 1634, finally dying in Holborn, London, Dec. 26, 1671. Mr. 
Nicholas Metcalfe was on the roll of the northern infirm clergy fund 
between 1674 and 1691. 

Dom John Bede Potts, O.S.B., born in Northumberland, probably at 
Trewhitt, in the parish of Rothbury, in 1674, was professed at the English 
Benedictine Abbey at Lambspring, May 21, 1691, and after being celler- 
arius, came over to the mission in 1701. He was for some little time in 
York, and subsequently removed to Whenby, where he appears to have been 
in 1715. Two years later, in 1717, he appears as chaplain at Everingham, 
and under the Act of I George I. cap. 55, to oblige Papists to register their 
names and real estates, returned an annuity of ,10 out of Rothbury, 
" settled and confirmed to me for life by Act of Parliament passed in the 
reign of her late Majesty." The family had associations with Rothbury 
from an early period, and was well connected. One of them, of Trewhitt, 
married Ursula, daughter of Alexander Selby, of Biddleston Hall, Esq., by 
Joan, daughter of Sir Ephraim Widdrington, Knt., of Ritton. Dom Bede 
Potts was probably his grandson, as likewise William Potts, of Castleheads, 
co. Cumberland, gent., who as a Catholic non-juror in 1717 registered 
property at Rothbury of the annual value of ^124. William s wife was 
Anne Charlton, of the Hesleyside family, and his son George, born in 1699, 


after studying at Douay went to the college at Rome in 1716, but left with 
out taking the oath in 1719, and returned to England. Another member of 
the family, the Rev. Luke Potts alias Cooper, son of George Potts and his 
wife Mary Robinson, was born at Throckley, in Northumberland, in 1717, 
was ordained priest at Douay, March 21, 1744, and left the college for the 
English mission, Aug. 2, 1745. He was placed at Ugthorpe, but on 
Dec. i6th, during the persecution following on the raid of Prince Charles 
Edward in that year, he was arrested on suspicion of being a priest, and 
committed to York Castle. In 1750 he was placed in charge of Thropton, 
in the parish of Rothbury, where he died, Aug. 16, 1787. His relative, 
the Rev. Henry Joseph Potts, born Aug. 16, 1772, son of John Potts, and 
his wife Anne Storey, of Dancing Hall, co. Northumberland, was ordained 
priest at Lisbon, Dec. 16, 1795, e ^ tne college for England Sept. 12, 1798, 
and died at his home, Dec. 4, 1800. 

In June 1728, Bishop Williams, V.A N.D., made his visitation at 
Everingham, and gave confirmation to forty-four persons in the chapel, 
Dom Bede Potts being in charge of the mission. Shortly afterwards Sir 
Marmaduke Constable went abroad, and during the time that he was re 
siding on the Continent, between 1730 and 1740, kept up an interesting 
correspondence with his good chaplain at home, which is still preserved at 
Everingham. Dom Bede was appointed Definitor of the Province in 1721, 
and received the titular dignity of Cathedral Prior of Durham in 1733. lie 
continued to serve Everingham mission until his death, which occurred on 
June 21, 1743, at tne age of 69. His patron, Sir Marmaduke Constable, 
4th and last Bart., survived but three years, dying abroad in 1746. 

Dom William Laurence Hardesty, O.S.B., is the next chaplain on record. 
He was born in Middlesex in 1714. He had three paternal uncles priests 
John, born 1681, who became a Jesuit, and died in 1752 ; William, born 1683, 
who was ordained priest and came to the mission from Douay in 1711, and 
died at Carlton Hall, Yorkshire, in 1766 ; and Thomas, born 1686, who was 
professed a Benedictine under the name of Adrian, and died at Lambspring 
in 1761. They were sons of William Hardesty, of Norwood, co. Surrey, 
Esq., by Mary, daughter of Thomas Tempest, of Roundhay Hall, co. 
York, Esq., and relict of William Hargreaves, of Carlton, co. York, 
Esq. All three used their mother s name as an alias when they went to 
college, and they appear to have been born in Yorkshire. William, the 
nephew, followed his uncle Dom Thomas Adrian to Lambspring, where he 
was professed, April 15, 1732. After his ordination in 1738, he came to the 
mission in Northumberland or Durham, whence he was transferred to 
Easingwold in Yorkshire, where Snow, in his Benedictine Necrology, places 
him between 1743-54, and then at Grantham before coming to Everingham. 
Notwithstanding, there is evidence of his serving Everingham in 1751. Ten 
years later, in 1761, he left Everingham for Spetchley Hall, co. Worcester, 
the seat of the Berkeleys, and finally returned to his monastery at Lamb- 
spring, where he died, Feb. 18, 1787, aged 72. 

Fr. Francis (alias John Walter) Fleetwood, SJ., would appear to 
have come to Everingham about 1755, for in the "Papist Returns" made to 
the Archbishop of York in 1767 he is declared to be of the age of 63, 
and to have been resident with Mr. William Haggerston-Constable for 
the previous twelve years. Mr. Fleetwood was born in London, March 9, 
1699, being the son of a gentleman in attendance on the exiled royal family 
at the court of St. Germains, where he was brought up. His father was a 
member of the ancient Catholic family of baronets seated at Calwich Hall 
in Staffordshire. From St. Germains Francis Fleetwood was sent in 1719 
to the English College at Valladolid, where he assumed the name of John 
Walter Fleetwood. Soon after his ordination he came to England, and 
about 1726 was appointed head-master of Twyford School, near Winchester. 
Under his direction this celebrated school, where Alexander Pope, the poet, 


had been a student, passed through its most prosperous years. About 1732 
Mr. Fleetwood resigned his charge, to the great loss of the school, and left 
Twyford for the mission at Paynsley Hall, co. Stafford, a seat of Lord 
Langdale. Thence he went to Liege to become a Jesuit, and joined the 
Society on June 30, 1735. Subsequently he returned to the mission in the 
London district, apparently came to Everingham in 1755, ar >d probably 
stayed till 1771, when he retired to Liege, where he died, July 10, 1774, 
aged 75. 

Dom John Placid Bennet, O.S.B., came to Everingham early in 1771, 
and commenced the registers in March of that year. He was born in 
Lancashire in 1741, and was professed at the English monastery at Dieul- 
ward in 1758, became subprior, and left for the English mission in 1771. 
In 1773 he returned his congregation at Everingham as numbering seventy 
communicants. He remained here till the end of 17/9, or beginning of 
1780, when he left for Paris to be chaplain to the English Benedictine nuns, 
an office which he retained till the following year. He then returned to the 
mission, and was at Lanherne in Cornwall, a seat of the Arundell family, 
from 1781-3; Linley, co. Salop, the seat of the Lacons, from 1783 
till his removal to Beckford, co. Gloucester, the seat of the Wakemans, 
where he stayed till 1792; Hindley, near Wigan, in Lancashire, 1792-3 ; and 
finally at Liverpool, 1793, t^l ms death, March I, 1795, aged 53. 

Dom Thomas Jerome Marsh, O.S.B., came to Everingham in 1780, but 
only stayed a short time. He was a native of Hindley, co. Lancaster, born 
in 1743, was professed at Dieulward in 1761, was subprior, and then came to 
the mission at Aberford, co. York, in 1780. In that year he came here, but 
shortly afterwards was recalled to Dieulward, and filled the office of prior 
from 1781 till 1785. He then returned to the mission, and served Tone 
Hall, Northumberland, the seat of the Hodgson family, 1785-7; Beaufront, 
in the same county, the seat of the Erringtons, 1787-8 ; Stockeld Park, York 
shire, the seat of the Middletons, 1 788-9 ; Lawkland Hall, in the same county, 
the seat of the Inglebys, 1789-90; Swinburne Castle, Northumberland, the 
seat of the Riddells, 1790-5 ; Holme Hall, Yorks, the former seat of the Lords 
Langdale and then of Lord Stourton, from 1795 till ms death, Feb. 16, 
1798, aged 55. 

Dom Thomas Adrian Gurnal, O.S.B., came to Everingham in 1781. He 
was a native of London, born in 1742, professed at Lambspring in 1763, and 
ordained priest in 1767. He came to the mission in Northumberland in 
1774, and served Capheaton Hall, the seat of Sir Edward Swinburne, 5th 
Bart., Beaufront, 1774-80, and Hesleyside, the seat of the Charltons, 1780-1, 
after which he came to Everingham, and remained till his death, Jan. 5, 181 1, 
aged 68. He was Definitor of the Province in 1800, and held the titular 
dignity of Prior of Worcester from 1802. 

Dom Edward Alban Clarkson, O.S.B., for a time served Everingham 
from Holme Hall after Fr. Gurnal s death. He was born at Goosnargh, 
Lancashire, in 1766, professed at Lambspring in 1787, and came to the 
mission at Holme Hall in 1798, retaining the chaplaincy till his death, July 
1 6, 1815, aged 49, and was there buried. 

Dom Stephen Hodgson, O.S.B., became chaplain at Everingham in 1811 
and remained till 1813. He was born at Pontop Hall, Durham, in 1763, and 
after studying at St. Gregory s, Douay, and at Lambspring, where he was 
ordained in 1788, he came to the English mission, and was at Follyfoot, 
Yorkshire, 1791-5, Lawkland Hall, 1798-1800, Netherton, Lancashire, 1800-4, 
Foxcote, Warwickshire, the seat of the Cannings, 1804-11, in which latter 
year he came here. He did not stay very long, however, for about the end 
of 1813 he removed to Woolton, Lancashire, where he died, April 9, 1816, 
aged 53. 

The mission was then transferred to the charge of the secular clergy in 
the person of 


Rev. Matthew Newsham, son of Thomas Newsham, of Westby-cum- 
Plumpton in the Fylde, Lancashire, who was admitted at Crook Hall, 
Durham, April 29, 1802, whence in 1808 he migrated with the college to 
Ushaw, where he was ordained priest, and shortly afterwards, in 1814, was 
appointed to Everingham. During his incumbency a fine cruciform church, 
after the plan of the Maison Dieu at Nismes, 70 ft. by 30 ft., the interior 
being decorated with fluted Corinthian columns, and the altar being fashioned 
in rich Italian marbles, was erected by Mr. William Haggerston-Constable- 
Maxwell. It was solemnly opened on July 10, 1839. Mr. Nesvsham con 
tinued to serve the mission until 1842, when he withdrew for three years on 
sick leave. Meanwhile the mission was served by the Rev. J. Brown, 
1842-4, and the Rev. Richard Aloysius Browne, 1844-7, the latter of whom 
stayed two years after Mr. Newsham s return to Everingham in 1845. 1 
1847 the mission was transferred to the charge of the Oblates of Mary 
Immaculate, and FF. Perron arid W. Walsh joined Mr. Newsham, who 
continued to reside at Everingham till shortly before his death, which 
occurred at Houghton Hall, the seat of the Langdales, May 20, 1848. 

In 1848 Fr. Robert Cooke, O.M.I., was placed in charge, and whilst 
here founded the mission of Howden. He was assisted by FF. Ambrose 
Tamburini, John Noble, W. Walsh, and Peter Grey ; Fr. P. Bargy took 
Fr. Grey s place in 1850. In 1851 the Fathers were James Egan, Joseph 
Arnoux, S. Walsh, and Peter Grey ; in 1852-3, Joseph Arnoux, Peter Grey, 
and John Dalton ; in 1853-4, Joseph Arnoux, Charles Jolivet, and Joseph 
Bargy ; in 1854-5-6, Joseph Arnoux and Pat. Hickey, in which latter year 
the Oblates withdrew from the mission, and the charge was resumed by the 
secular clergy as follows : 

Rev. Henry Walker, 1856-8. continuing to work the mission 

Joseph Hill, 1858-9. alone until 1882, when the 

William Walker, 1859-60. seculars resumed charge. 

Henry Walker, 1860-2. Rev. James Dolan, 1881-2. 

Edward \Viddrington Riddell, Joseph Dodds, 1882-3. 

1861-2. ,, James Brady, 1883-4. 

William Gordon, 1862-72. Mgr. John Rouse, D.D., 

John Ginouvie, 1872-4, being 1884-5. 

assisted by the Rev. Maurice Charles Donovan, 1885-7. 
Quish in 1873-4, in which \Villiam J. McNaughten, 
latter year the Jesuits took 1887-92. 

charge. John Murphy, 1892-5. 

Fr. Thomas Knight, S.J., 1874, being J. M. W. C. Willemse, 1895-9. 
assisted by Fr. Walter Lomax, Cornelius English, 1900 to date. 
S.J., from 1875-80, and then 


Sketch of a bird. 

[4 blank] [5] T. R.* 1771 

At Pocklington John Dolman the lawfull Son of William f & Eliza 
beth Dolman was baptiz d on the ist of April 1771- The Sponsors 
were Robert Dolman & Nancy (N.) Dolman Grandmother. John 

* The initials of Thomas Rees, the commissioner. 

f 1765. July 9. William Dolman of Pocklington, tanner, 25, bachelor, and 
Elizabeth Bagley of ditto, 22, spinster in Pocklington church (Marriage Bonds, 
Peculiar of York Deanery. North. Geneal. vi. 70). He was a younger son of Robert 
D. by Anne, dan. of Richard Brigham of Brigham Hall. The manor was sold by his 
nephew Robert D., who died 1840. 



Helen Dean Daughter to Robert & Mary Dean was baptiz d (at 
Everingham) on the 6th of January. The Sponsors were Peter Dean 
& Eliz Wholton. J. B. 

[The years are repeated, in the original. I only put changes.] 

Nancy Dean, Daughter to Phillip * & Catherine Dean, was baptiz d 
January 3151 at Seaton. The Sponsor were John Bennet & Helen 
Nottingham. J. B. 

Elizabeth Thomas, Daughter to Robert & Nancy Thomas was 
baptiz d (at Everingham) March the i6th. The Sponsors were John 
Bennet & Elizabeth Catton. J. B. 

Mary Dean, Daughter to Thomas & Mary Dean, was baptized (at 
Everingham) June the 24th. The Sponsors were Thomas Catton & 
Dorothy Cooper. J. B. 

[6] Thomas Norrice (Nonce) Spur : was baptiz d (at Everingham) 
the 2 d of August. J. B. 

Nancy Nottingham the Daughter of Thomas t & Helen Nottingham 
was baptiz d (at Bielby} on the 8th of August. The Sponsors were 
John Carlisle & Catherine Dean. J. B. 

Charles Kempley, \ Son to Michael (Mick} & Izabel Kempley was 
baptiz d (at Pocklington) on the 8th of September. The Sponsors were 
John Ullerthorn (Ullathorn) & Eliz: Gibson. J. B. 

At Pocklington William Grant Robinson, Son to Charles & [Eliza 
beth x* ottt, Abigail above] (Elizabeth) Robinson was baptiz d on the 
24th of October. || The Sponsors were Henry (Harry) Caley & Mary 
(Molly) Robinson. J. B. 

* 1768. Nov. 22. Philip Dean of Everingham, farmer, 23, bachelor, and 
Catherine Yeoman of Sterwood, Thornton ; in Thornton church (Marriage Bonds, 
1 eculiar of York Deanery. North. Geneal. vi. 72). 

t 1767. Oct. 19. Thomas Nottingham of Latham, Aughton, farmer, 24, 
bachelor, and Ellenor Yeoman of Melburn, Thornton, 24, spinster in Thornton 
church (Marriage Bonds. Ibid., vi. 71). 

J A William Kempley, farmer and Papist, had a child Henry, born, but not 
publicly baptized at Stokesley in 1721. Yorks. Par. Reg. Soc. vii. 

Properly Ullathorne, the late bishop of Birmingham and titular Archbishop of 
Cabasa being of the family at Pocklington. 

|| Our member, Miss Elizabeth Robinson, kindly lent me her pedigree com 
mencing with John Robinson of Hambleton Hills, N.R. York, who had a son 
John R. of Marton in Holderness, whose second out of four sons, John R. of South 
Park, Hedon in Holderness, mar., 1739, Mary, dau. of Leonard Metcalfe of Nuthill, 
and had John R., b. 1742, also of South Park, who mar., 1776, Elizabeth Troth, 
clau. of William Caley of Grimoldby Grange, co. Lincoln (of whom later) ; Charles 
R. (1745-1834), surgeon, of Pocklington, mar. first, Abigail (in the registers), dau. of 
William Grant, architect, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, said to be of the family of Grant 
of Ballindalloch Castle in Scotland ; secondly, Catharine, dau. of Robert Dolman of 
Pocklington ; and thirdly, Mary Robinson, whose brother, Henry, was for many years 
manager of Wright s bank in Henrietta Street, Covent Garden. By his marriage 
with Abigail Grant only had he issue (see later) ; Leonard R., farmer, mar. twice, 
and had a daughter by the first, and a son and two daughters by the second marriage ; 
and Dorothy. 

Charles Robinson and his first wife, Abigail Grant (d. 7 Jan. 1795, set. 55), had 
Elizabeth, b. 1770, d. young; and William Grant Robinson (1772-1804), who mar. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. William Cautley (from which leakages from the Faith are 
seen below), curate (1764-76) of Bishop Wilton, E. R. York, and had Elizabeth Grant 
R. (1799-1867), who mar. her father s first cousin, Henry R. of Sproatley (of whom 
later); Charles R. (1802-61) mar. Mary Jessy Kirkby of Acomb near York, having 



Nancy Howe, Daughter to John & Nancy Howe was baptiz d (at 
Everingham} on the i2th of May. The Sponsors were Phillip Lang- 
dale Esq. & Miss Helen Swinburne. J. B. 

Elizabeth Nottingham the Daughter of Tho 8 (Thomas ) & Helen 
Nottingham was baptiz d (at Bielby) on the i6th of September. The 
Sponsors were John Carlisle & Mary Baxter. J. B. 

[7] William Thomas, Son to Robert & Nancy Thomas was baptiz d 
(at Everingham) October the nth. The Sponsors were Joseph Catton 
& Eliz. Cattin (Cation).]. B. 

At Seaton Catherine Dean, Daughter to Phillip & Catherine Dean, 
was baptiz d the nth of November. The Sponsors were Tho 8 
(Thomas) Dean & Mary Dean. J. B. 

Mary Dean, Daughter to Phillip (Philip x* out, Peter above) & 
Eliz: (Elizabeth) Dean was baptiz d on the i2th of December. The 
Sponsors were Tho: Cattin (Catton) & Dina Smallpage. J. B. 


Joseph Dean, Son to Tho 8 (Thomas) & Mary Dean was baptiz d 
(at Everingham) the i8th of January. The Sponsors were Joseph 
Cattin (Catton) & Eliz: Cattin (Catton).]. B. 

At Harswell, Ann Collins, Daughter to John & Ann Collins, was 

Charles Kirkby Robinson, Master of Catharine Hall, Cambridge, and canon of 
Norwich, Major Kirkby R., M.D., William Cautley R., vicar of Scalby, Scarborough, 
and others died young ; William Grant R. married . . . Hooker, without issue ; 
and Mary Anne R. mar. Robert Shields, their three children dying young. 

John Robinson of South Park, and Elizabeth Troth Caley his wife, had William 
Cuthbert (Maurus), O.S.B. of Lambspring (1777-1832); John R. (1778-1846), mar. 
Sarah Moor (of whom later) ; Charles R., mar. Miss Kirkman, but had no issue ; 
Samuel Mastin R., killed by lightning 1811 ; Henry R. (1788-1867), mar. Elizabeth 
Grant, dan. of his first cousin, William Grant Robinson (of whom later) ; Mary R. 
mar. John Thompson of Thorpe, near Pocklington, and had William and John Thomp 
son ; Susanna R. mar. Christopher Meynell, druggist, of Hull (and had Mary, a Presen 
tation nun at Manchester, who died 1866, and Thomas, brewer, of Hedon, who mar. 
Sarah Mary Southwell, having Thomas Henry M., solicitor, of London, and two 
daughters) ; and Elizabeth mar. Seth Agar of York and had William Seth Agar, 
a canon of the Plymouth chapter (1815-72), Charles A. d. 1849, and Mary Anne A. 

John Robinson and Sarah Moor, his wife, had with three daughters, Charles 
R. of Hedon, mar. Clare, dau. of James Louis W 7 illson of the city of Lincoln, and had 
Mary Clare, wife of John Reilly ; Thomas R., surgeon, of Alton, co. Stafford, who had 
no issue by his first wife, Elizabeth, dau. of William Caley, grocer, of Hull, but by 
his second, Mary Anne, dau. of Samuel Mastin Caley of Upp Hall, co. Lincoln, had 
Dr. Bernard Robinson of Rocester, co. Stafford, Helen (Mrs. Wilfrid Turnbull of 
Whitby), Winefride, Margaret and Francesca R. of Alton, Bede Caley R., whose study 
for the priesthood, at the English College in Rome, was ended by illness and death at 
Oakamoor, and Wilfrid R. d. young; Edward mar. first, Mary Porter of Bedale, having 
Edward R., and second, Mary Priestman, having John Henry R. and four daughters. 

Henry Robinson (1788-1867), farmer of Sproatley Grange in Holderness, and his 
cousin wife, Elizabeth Grant R., had Elizabeth R., b. 4 April 1821 (our member); 
Catharine R., b. 1822, ob. iitf, ; Teresa R. mar. Robert Dale Middleton, farmer, 
having two sons and two daughters ; Mary Jessy (b. 27 Aug. 1825, d. 2 Feb. 1864) mar. 
Richard H olden, chemist and druggist, of York, and had five sons and one daughter; 
Lucy Grant R. (1826-1908), a Good Shepherd nun; Mary Anne R. (1828-68), a nun 
of I.B.V.M. at York ; Frances Mary (1829-61) mar. Florent Cruysmans, and had one 
son; Anna Maria (1830-83) ; Clare, b. 1832, who, with both her parents, perished 
in the fire at Sproatley Grange, 29 Jany. 1867 ; Agnes (1834-80) mar. 1863, by dis 
pensation, her brother-in-law, Florent Cruysmans of Antwerp, Chevalier of the order 
of Leopold, and had one son ; and an only son, William Grant Robinson (1835-57). 


baptiz d the 24th of August. The Sponsors were John Holmes & 
Nancy Ireland. J. B. 

Nancy Nottingham, Daughter to Tho" (TItomas) & Helen Notting 
ham, was baptiz d (at Bielby) on the i4th of September. The Sponsors 
were Phillip (Dean) & Cat: (Catherine) Dean. J. B. 

[8] Robert Norrice, Son to Robert & Elizabeth Norrice was born 
on the 1 2th of December & baptized i8th the Sponsors were Peter 
Dean & Mary (Molly) Plowman. J. B. 


James Kempley, Son to Thomas and Sara (Sarah) Kempley was 
baptized (at Everingham) the 5th of February. The Sponsors were 
Henry (Harry) Kempley & Mary (Polly) Wilson. J. B. 

William Howe, Son to John & Nancy Howe was baptiz d (at 
Everingham) the xyth of February. The Sponsor were Thomas Cattin 
(Cotton) and Sara Aukland. J. B. 

Robert Dean, Son to Phillip & Catherine Dean was baptiz d (at 
Seaton) the 28th of February : (born the 2oth D"). The Sponsors 
were John Carlisle & Helen Nottingham. J. B. 

Mary Thomas, Daughter to Robert & Nancy Thomas was baptized 
(at Everingham) on the iyth of March: The Sponsors were Tho 8 
Catten (Smith x? out, and Cation above) & Mary (Polly) Smith. 

John Dean, Son to Peter & Eliz: (Betty) Dean was born (at Evering 
ham) on the 6th of July & baptized on the Qth. The Sponsors were 
Francis Wholton & Mary Rudd. J. B. 

[9] Elizabeth Plowman, Daughter to Will: (William) & Mary Plow 
man was born the nth of July & baptiz d (at Everingham) the i3th. The 
Sponsors were Tho 8 (Thomas) Cattin (Cation) & Mary Rudd. J. B. 


Thomas Dean, son to Thomas & Mary Dean was baptiz d (at 
Everingham) on the i5th of February : The Sponsors were Robert 
Thomas & Ann (Nancy) Reynoleson (Reynoldson). J. B. 

Nancy Ireland, Daughter to George & Nancy Ireland was baptiz d 
(at Harsewell) the 25th (2gth) of March: The Sponsors were John 
Burley & Ann (Nancy) Collins. J. B. 

Catherine Turner, Daughter to George & Jenny (Ginny) Turner 
was baptiz d (at Everingham) the 2 d of May : The Sponsors were 
John Bentley & Ann (Nancy) Rudd. J. B. 

William Chambers, Son to William & Elizabeth Chambers was born 
the 6th of June (birth not in) & baptiz d (at Cranswick) the nth. 
The Sponsors were Tho 8 (Thomas) Chambers & Eliz: (Elizabeth) 
Shaw. J. B. 

John Dean, Son to Phillip & Catherine Dean was baptiz d (at 
Seaton) the gth of September : The Sponsors were John (Carlisle) & 
Margaret (Peggy) Carlishe (Carlisle). J. B. 

[10] John Kempley, Son to Michael (Mick) & Izabel Kempley was 
born on the 3 d of September & baptiz d on the i5th. The Sponsors 
were Henry (Harry) Kempley & Sara (Sarah) Kempley. J. B. 

John Howe, Son to John and Ann (Nancy) Howe was baptiz d (at 
Everingham) the 26th of November. The Sponsors were James Grey 
& Frances Bedford. J. B. 



Ann Norrice, Daughter to Robert & Elizabeth (Betty) Norrice was 
baptiz d (at Everingham) on the igth of January. The Sponsors 
were Henry (Harry} Kempley & Alice Baxter. J. B. 

Eliz: Dean, Daughter to Peter & Eliz: (Elizabeth) Dean was born 
the 2oth of February & baptiz d (at Everingham) on the 23 . The 
Sponsors were John Richardson & Mary Wilson. J. B. 

Joseph Thomas, Son to Robert & Ann (Nancy) Thomas was 
baptiz d (at Everingham) the 2 6th of February. The Sponsors were 
William Headley & Mary (Polly) Dean. J. B. 

Eliz(abeth) * Simpson, Daughter to Richard & Eliz(abeth) Simpson 
was baptized (at Everingham) the i3th of August. The Sponsors were 
&c &c: [sic] J. B. [In Lord Herries copy nothing is said about Spon 
sors, but there is this addition (By Charles Robinson Manmidwife)^] 
[n] October the 23 d were baptized at Everingham by M Cattin 
(Cation) Sara (Sarah) & Eliz: (Elizabeth) Dean twins and died soon 
after [No signature], 

William Nottingham, Son to Thomas & Helen Nottingham was 
baptiz d (at Bielby) the i8th of December. The Sponsors were John 
(Carlisle) & Marg: (Peggy) Carlisle. J. B. 


Joseph Dean, Son to Phillip & Catherine Dean (of Seaton) was 
born the 22nd of February & baptiz d the loth (of March). The 
Sponsors were Tho 8 & Mary Dean. J. B. 

William, Roger Henry Vigoureux, Son to Lewis (6-c.) & Ann Mary 
[over Nancy] Vigoureux was born the Qth of July & Bap: the i5th 
(at Pocklington). The Sponsors were Will. Hagg: (H. i.e. Haggerston) 
Maxwell Constable (Esq.) & Miss Eleanor (Elenor) Swinburne. J. B. 
James Turner, Son to George & Jenny (Ginny) Turner was baptiz d 
(at Everingham) the 22 d of September. The Sponsors were James 
Turner & Mary (Polly) Dean. J. B. 

Ann Williamson, Daughter to William & Mary Williamson was 
baptiz d (at Everingham) the 7th of October. The Sponsors were 
John Beal & Mary (Sarah) Rudd. J. B. 

[12] James Howe the lawfull Son of John and Ann (Nancy) Howe 
was born November the 2 d & baptiz d (at Everingham). The Sponsors 
were James Howe an[d] Sara (Sarah) West. J. B. 

Thomas Dean, Son to [Thomas y? out, Peter above] (Peter) & 
[Mary y? out, Eliz: above] (Elizabeth) Dean was born (baptized) the 
25th of December (at Everingham) : The Sponsors were Tho 8 Dean 
& Eliz: Whalton. J. B. 


Ursula Kempley daughter to Thomas & Sara (Sarah) Kempley 
was baptiz d (at Everingham) on the ist of March. The Sponsors were 
Matt: (Mathew) Beal & Ursula Kempley. J. B. 

SaraJ Simpson, Daughter to Richard & Eliz. (Elizabeth) Simpson 

* She probably died young, judging from the hurried baptism and another of the 

f Then or later he must have been a regularly qualified doctor. He was then 32, 
was medical attendant on the Maxwell family, and retired, dying at Hedon. 

J Sarah Simpson became the wife of Henry Joseph Francis Hansom, who was 
baptized at York Bar Convent Chapel n July 1778. C.R.S. iv. 383 and 399 note. 


was baptiz d (at Everingham) on the 7th of March. The Sponsors 
were Rob: (Robert} Dean & Mary (Agatha) Bentley. J. B. 

John Norrice Son of Robert & Eliz: (Elizabeth} Norrice was baptiz d 
(at Everingham) under Condition on the 6th of April. The Sponsors 
were John Howe and Mary Wilson. J. B. 

Thomas Nottingham Son to Thomas & Helen Nottingham was 
baptiz d (at Bielby) on the 6th of April. J. B. 

[13] John Dean, son to Thomas tSc Mary Dean was baptiz d (at 
Everingham} on the 23 of May: The Sponsors were John Howe & 
Mary Baxter. J. B. 

Ann Wittaker D. to George & Sara (Sarah) Wittaker was baptiz d 
at Holme on the 6th of July. The Sponsors were Rob: (Wilson) & 
Mary Wilson. J. B. 

Robert Thomas Son to Rob: & Nancy Thomas was baptiz d (at 
Everingham) on the 26th of July. The Sponsors were Tho: Dean & 
M rs Halford. J. B. 

Margaret Dean D. to Phillip & Cathe: (Kitty) Dean was baptiz d at 
Seaton on the 26th of September. The Sponsors were John Carlisle 
& Helen Nottingham. J. B. 

Thomas Chambers Son to William & Eliz: (Betty) Chambers was 
baptiz d (at Crans[w]ick) on the Qth of November ; The Sponsors were 
Tho 8 Chambers & Elizab: (Betty) Shaw. (Born on qth J^lly.) J. B. 

[From this point, in Lord Herries copy, the style of a copyist is 
abandoned, baptisms are initialed or signed, and the inversion of 
phraseology ceases.] 


Margaret Nottingham the lawful Daughter of Tho 8 (Thomas) & 
Helen (Eleonora) Nottingham was born on the 26th of September 1781 
& baptiz d on the 8th of October of the same Year : The Sponsors 
were Henry Kempley & Margaret Carlisle. T. Gurnall. 


[14] Elizabeth Dean the lawful Daughter of Tho 8 and Mary 
Dean, was born on the 2ist of January 1782, & baptiz d on y e 22 
of the same month &: Year. The Sponsors were Rob. Thomas & Eliz. 
Cattin. T. Gurnall. 

Ann Dean the lawful Daughter of Peter & Eliz. Dean was was born 
on the 3<Dth of August 1782. & baptiz d on the 6th of September of y e 
same year. The Sponsors were Will. Hedley & Eliz: Gerard. T. 

John Thomas (Cation x* out, Thomas above) the lawful Son of 
Robert & Ann (Nancy) Thomas (Cation x? out, Thomas above) was 
born on the i3th of October 1782. & baptiz d on the 15 of the said 
month & Year. The Sponsors were John Cattin (Cation) & Polly 
Baxter. T. Gurnall. 

At Thor[n]ton Jane Snell the lawful Daughter of John and Agnes 
Snell was born on the 2 d of November 1782. & baptiz d on the gth 
of the said Month and Year. The Sponsors were John Bentley & Mary 
(Polly) Dean. T. Gurnall. 

Thomas Ullarthorn (Ullethorn) the lawful Son of John and Mary 
Ullarthorn (U He thorn) was born the 28th of October 1782. & baptiz d 


on the nth of November of the same Year. The Sponsors were John 
Howe & Ann Smith. T. Gurnall. 

[15] Charles Howe the lawful Son of John & Ann (Ann H. x* out, 
Nancy) Howe was born on the 25th of November [December x* out} 
1782. & baptiz d on the same day and Year. The Sponsors were Will. 
Hedley and M" Kidder. T. Gurnall. 


E\iz:(abeth) & Sara (Sally) Williamson Twins the lawful Daughters 
of [John x? out, William above] (John) & Mary* [aret x? out] Williamson 
were born on the ist of January 1783. & baptiz d on the 4th of the 
said Month & Year. The Sponsors were John (blank) Carlisle. 
[no other given]. T. Gurnall. 

Sara Norris the lawful Daughter of Rob:(^) & El\z:(abeth) Norris 
was born at Beswick on y e i3th of February 1783, & baptiz d on y e 
i ith of April of the same Year. The Sponsors were Thos 3 Dean & 
Eliz: (Betty) Whalton (Walton). 1 !. Gurnall. 

Eliz: Smith the lawful Daughter of Thomas & Mary (Polly and . . .) 
Smith was born on the 7th of October 1783. and baptized on the roth 
of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Rudd & Mary 
(Polly) Beall. T. Gurnall. 

Sara Dean the lawful Daughter of Thomas and Mary Dean was 
born on the i4th of June 1783. (1784) and baptiz d on the i6th of the 
said Month & Year. The Sponsors were V/lll:(iam) Hedley &: 
Winefred Kidder. T. Gurnall. 


[16] Mary Snell the lawful Daughter of John & Agnes Snell was 
born on the 4th of August 1784 & baptiz d on the 6th of the said 
Month & Year. The Sponsor was Sara Kempley. T. Gurnall. 

Thomas Howe the Son of John & Ann (Nancy) Howe was born on 
the 25th of November 1784. and baptiz d on the 26th of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were T. Gurnall & Miss Maria 
Constable. T. Gurnall. 


Mary Smith the lawful Daughter of William & Mary Smith was born 
at Beverley t and baptiz d on the 3oth of April of the same Year. The 
Sponsors were William (Beal) and Dorothy Beal. T. Gurnal. 

Helen (Helene) Norrice (Norris) the lawful Daughter of Robert & 
E\\z:(abeth) Norrice (Norris) was born on the 6th of April 1785 and 
baptiz d on the 3 d of May of the same Year. The Sponsors were 
Francis Whalton (Walton) & E\\z:(abeth) Dean. T. Gurnall. 

Ann Thomas the lawful Daughter of Rob: & Ann (Nancy) Thomas 
was born on the 23 d of January 1785 & baptiz d the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were M r Howe and M re Kidder. T. Gurnall. 

Sara Watt the lawful daughter of Richard & Sara Watt was 
born the loth of June 1785. & baptiz d on the i3th of the same 
Month and Year. The Sponsors were John Cattin & Ann (Nancy) 
Rawson. T. Gurnall. 

[17] Sara Smith the lawful Daughter of Thomas (blank) & Mary 
(Polly) Smith was born the 2ist of June 1785. & baptiz d on the 241(1 

* " g " changed to " y." t No date of birth given. 


of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Collins and 
Mary Clark (Clerk). T. Gurnall. 

[1781, seemingly post entries ] 

Mary Howe the lawful Daughter of John & Ann Howe was born 
on the yth of January 1781 & baptiz d on the same day & Year. The 
Sponsors ^\a.r:(madnke Maxwell Constable) Con: Maxwell Esq re & M 
Mary Ann(e).* T. [Marsh written on Gurnall]. 

Prudence Dean the lawful Daughter of Peter & Eliz: Dean was born 
on the nth of February 1781. The Sponsors were Robert Harrison 
& Agnes Bentley. Marsh. 


Sara Snell the lawful Daughter of John & Agnes Snell was born at 
Thor(w)ton on the 4th of January 1786. & baptiz d on the i5th of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsor was John Bentley. T. Gurnall. 

Elizabeth Simpson the lawful Daughter of Richard & 1L\iz:(abeth) 
Simpson was born on the 22nd of January (February [?]) & baptiz d on 
the 2 d of March of the same Year. The Sponsor(s) were John Bentley 
& Ann Bentley. T. Gurnall. 

Mary Williamson the lawful Daughter of [John x d out, William 
above] (John) & Marg[aret % d out] (Margaret) Williamson was born on 
the 25th of March 1786. & baptiz d on the 3 d of April of the same 
year. The sponsor was Sara Clark. T. Gurnall. 

[18] James Thomas the lawful Son of Robert & Ann Thomas was 
born on the 6th of April 1786. & baptiz d on the same day. The 
Sponsers were Charles Robinson & Mary Baxter. T. Gurnall. 

Jane Dean the lawful D. of Thomas & Mary (Polly) Dean was born 
on the 1 7th of May 1786. & baptiz d on the 2oth of the same Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were John Carlisle (Cation) & Sara Watt. 
T. Gurnall. 


Thomas Kempley the lawful Son of Thomas &: Sara Kempley was 
born on the 24th of February 1787. & baptiz d on the 25th of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Henry Kempley & M rs Kidder. 
T. Gurnall. 

Ann Kempley the lawful D. of Henry Mary Kempley was born 
on the 4th of March 1787. & baptiz d on the 5th of the same Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were John Howe & M rs Kidder. T. Gurnall. 


Thomas Snell the lawful Son of John & Agnes Snell was born on 
the ist of May 1788. and baptiz d on the 5th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were Will. Baxter and (blank). T. Gurnall. 

Jane Dean the lawful D. of Thomas & Mary Dean was (born) on 
the 1 6th of October 1788. & baptiz d on i7th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were Richard Watt (Wat) & M rs Ann Howe. 
T. Gurnall. 

[19] Sara Thomas the lawful D. of Robert & Ann Thomas was born 
on the i5th of November 1788. & baptiz d the same day & Year. The 
Sponsors were Richard Pearson & E\iz:(abeth)C\a.rk (Clerk). T. Gurnall. 

* Would be one of the Annes of Burghwallis. 



Martha Norris the lawful D. of Rob: (N) & Eliz. (N) Norrice 
(Norris) was born on the i;th ("jth) of June at Beswick. & baptiz d the 
1 5th of July of the said Year. The Sponsors were John Rudd & Sara 
Johnson. T. Gurnall. 

James Beal the lawful S. of John & Ann Beal was born on the 3 d 
of November 1789. & baptiz d on the 4th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were Matthew Beal & Sara Kempley (Kemply). 
T. Gurnall. 

Eleanora Paget (Pagget) the lawful D. of Thomas & Mary Paget 
(Pagget) was born at Bielby on the ist of November 1789. & baptiz d 
on the 8th of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were John 
Collins & Ann Ireland. T. Gurnall. 

James Ullerthorn the lawful Son of John & N. Ullerthorn (Ullur- 
thorn) was born on the ist of December 1789. & baptiz d on the 
8th of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Anthony 
(Bland] & Mary Bland. T. Gurnall. 


Ann Dean the lawful D. of Thomas & Mary Dean was born on the 
i4th of March 1790. & baptiz d on the i6th of the same Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were John Rudd & Ann Howe Junior. 
T. Gurnall. 

[20] Dorothy Simpson the lawful Daughter of Richard ~E\{z:(abelh) 
Simpson was born the 7th of June 1790. & baptiz d on the gth of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Ullerthorne (Uller 
x d out, Ullethorn) & Ann Bland. Tho: Gurnall. 

Winefred Thomas the lawful Daughter of Robert & Ann Thomas 
was born on the 23 d of November i 790. & baptiz d on the 25th of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Lady Win-.(efred) Maxwell 
Constable & William Langdale Esq. T. Gurnall. 


John Sneli the lawful son of John & Agatha Snell was born on 
the 24th of January 1791. & baptiz d on the 28th of February of the 
same Year. The Sponsors were Tho: Cattin & M ra Lee. Tho 8 Gurnall. 

Hanna Williamson the lawful D. of John & Eliz:(abeth) Williamson 
was born on the 3oth of July &: baptiz d on the 5th of August 1791. 
The Sponsors were John Rudd & Ann Howe. Tho s Gurnall. 

Mary Norris the lawful D. of Robert & Eliz:(ab:) Norris was born 
on the ist of June 1791. & baptiz d on the 7th of August of the same 
Year. The Sponsors were Tho: Kempley & E\iz:(absth) Dent. Tho 8 

Thomas Tindale [e over 1] (Tynwald) the lawful Son of Robert & 
Eliz: (N.) Tindale (fynwall) was born on 2Qth of December 1791. & 
baptiz d on the 3oth of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were 
Peter Dean & Mary Kempley (and died the first of January 1792). 
Tho 8 Gurnall. 
[21] 1792 

John Paget the lawful Son of Thomas & Ann (Nancy) Paget was 
born on the i7th of February 1792. & baptiz d on the 26th of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were William & Mary Collins. 
-T. Gurnall. 



Jane * Simpson the lawful D. of Richard & E\\z:(abeth) Simpson 
was born on the 8th of May 1792. & baptiz d on the 22 d of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Tho: Kempley & Agatha Snell. 
T. Gurnall. 

[Robert x? out, Henry above] (Robert) Snell the lawful Son of 
[Richard y? out, John above] (John) & Agatha Snell was born on the 
1 3th of December 1792. & baptiz d on the 2oth of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were Rob: Carlisle &: Mary (Polly) Thomas. 
T. Gurnall. 


Stephen Thomas the lawful Son of Robert & Ann Thomas was 
born on the 2 6th of December 1793. & baptiz d on the 28th of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Cattin & Mary Dean. 
T. Gurnall. 


John (George) Ireland the lawful Son of George & Ann Ireland 
was born on the i7th of December 1794. & baptiz d on the 25th of 
the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were James Kempley <!- Ann 
Ireland Senior (senior omitted). T. Gurnall. 

Thomas Paget the lawful Son of Tho 8 & Mary Pagct was born the 
2ist of December 1794. & baptiz d on the 27th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were Francis (Frank) Whalton & Eliz: Collins. 
T. Gurnall. 
[22] 1795 

E\iz:(abeth) Stephenson the lawful D. of Tho s & Ann Stephenson 
was born on the i7th of April 1795. & baptiz d on the igth of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Frank Whalton & E\\z:(abeth) 
Dean Junior. T. Gurnall. 

John Rudd the lawful Son of John & Jane (Jenny) Rudd was born 
on the 28th of September 1795. & baptiz d on the zgth of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Robert Clerk & Winefred Kidder. 
T. Gurnall. 

John t Smith the lawful Son of Polly & Tho s Smith was born the 
24th of June 1795. & baptiz d the same day & Year. The Sponsors 
were John Howe Jun: & [? Ann] (M rs ) Howe. T. Gurnall. 


William Rudd the lawful Son of John & Jenny Rudd was born on 
the i gth of December 1796. & baptiz d on the 2ist of the same month 
& Year. The Sponsors were M r Howe & Ann (Eliz: x* out, Nancy 
above) Clark. T. Gurnall. 


Ann Stephenson the lawful D. of Tho s & Ann Stephenson was 
born on the 3ist of January 1797. & baptiz d on the 5th of February 

# She is said to have died unmarried at Pocklington. 

f Mary Agnes, dau. of this John Smith, informs me that Thomas S., a Pro 
testant, on his marriage with Mary, dau. of Robert Wilson, had agreed that the 
daughters should be Catholic, but the sons Protestant. Three daughters were duly 
baptized, and after a long interval this, the only son, John. The mother could not 
bear to have her son a Protestant, and in her husband s absence broke her parole 
and sent the child to be baptized by a priest, as we see here. On the father s return 
he said nothing, and had the grace to be received into the Church on his death-bed. 


of the same Year. The Sponsors were James Kempley & Mary Howe. 
T. Gurnall. 

Ann & Frances Snell the lawful DD. of John & Agnes (Ag(atha x* 
out, ties above) Snell were born of the 22 d of March 1797. and baptiz: 
on the 23 d of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors (to Ann) were 
John & Ann Bentley (to Frances Tho* Dean Jun: and- Jenny Carlisle). 
T. Gurnall. 

[23] John Ireland the lawful Son of George & Ann Ireland was born 
on the 3oth of April 1797. & baptiz d on the 2 d of February of the same 
Year. The Sponsors were T(/zo J ) Dean Jun: & Eliz: Clarke (Clerk). 
T. Gurnall. 

George Paget the lawful S. of Thomas & Mary Paget was born on 
the 6th of August 1797. & baptiz d on the i5th of the same Month and 
Year. The Sponsor was Mary Williamson. T. Gurnall. 


James Rudd the lawful S. of John & Jane Rudd was born on the 
23 d of February 1798. and baptiz d on the 24th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were T(Ao J ) Dean Jun: & Prudence Jackson. 
T. Gurnall. 

Mary Noble the lawful D. of James & Eliz: Noble was born the 
i4th of June 1798. & baptiz d on the i7th of the same Month & Year. 
The Sponsors were Joseph Thomas & Mary Harrison. (7". Gurnall.) 

Mary Walkingtong the lawful D. of William & Ann Walkington 
was born the 2gth of October 1798. & baptiz d on the 2 d of November 
of the same Year. The sponsors were Henry Kempley & Eliz: Clark. 
T. Gurnall. 

Mary Stephenson the lawful D. of Tho s & Ann Stephenson was 
born the 2oth of November : 1798. & baptiz d on the 25th of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Francis Whalton & Mary Dean. 
T. Gurnall. 
[24] 1799 

Elizabeth Robinson the lawful Daughter of* Grant & Eliz: 
Robinson was born the 2ist of February 1799, & baptized on the 
28th of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were M r Charles 
(Xtian name omitted) & M rs Robinson. T. Gurnall. 

Miles Rudd the lawful Son of John & Jane Rudd was born on 
the 2 d of June 1799. & baptiz d on the 4th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were James Kempley & Mary Harrison. T. 

Mary Ireland the lawful Daughter of George & Ann Ireland was 
born on the 25th of June 1799. & baptiz d on the 3oth of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Joseph Thomas & Jenny Carlisle. 
T. Gurnall. 


Mary Paget the lawful Daughter of Thomas & Mary Paget was 
born on the i3th of April 1800 & baptiz d on the 2Oth of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were T(ho s ) Dean Jun: & M Collins. 
T. Gurnall. 

Mary Dering the lawful Daughter of N. & N. (blank) Dering was born 
on the i8th of July 1800. & baptiz d on the 2ist of the same Month & 

* William Grant Robinson and his wife Elizabeth Cantley. 


Year. The Sponsors were Henry * Hanson & Prudence Jackson. 
T. Gurnall. 


George Rudd the lawful Son of John & Jane Rudd was born on 
the 1 6th of January 1801 & baptiz d on the i8th of the said Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were William Smith & Mary Howe. T. Gurnall. 

[25] Harriet Noble the lawful Daughter of James & Eliz: Noble 
was born the 26th of March 1801 & baptized on the 2Qth of the said 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Thomas & Eliz: Dent. 
T. Gurnall. 

[Lord H ernes copy ends here.] 

Sarah Stephenson the lawful Daughter of Thomas & Ann Stephenson 
was born the 22nd of April 1801. & baptized on the 24th of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Henry Kempley & Prudence 
Jackson. T. Gurnall. 

Miss Mary C. Maxwell the lawf[ul] Daughter of Marmaduke & 
Appolonia C. Maxwell was born the 6th of October 1801 & baptiz d 
on the 1 2th of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were William 
Middleton Esq r & M rs Ann Haggerston or Ellingham. T. Gurnall. 


Sara Kempley the lawful Daughter of James & Eliz: Kempley was 
born on the 3 d of August 1802 and baptiz d on the 8th of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were Mark Kempley and Sara Clark. 
Alban Clarkson. 

Blanch Mary Howe the lawful Daughter of John & Mary Howe 
was born on the 2ist of August 1802, and baptiz d on the 23 d of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were William Howe and Eliz: 
Hobson. T. Gurnall. 

Christopher Johnson lawful Son of John and Jane Joh[n]son was 
born October the loth and baptiz d on the i4th of the same Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were Tho: Dean & Ann Thomas Jun: Tho s 

[26] Mary Cuddy the Daughter of Mary Cuddy was born on the 
1 3th of December 1802 and baptized on the i5th of the said Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were Owen Little & Eliz: Dean. T. Gurnall. 

Sara Stephenson, the lawful Daughter of Tho s & Ann Stephenson 
was born the i8th of December 1802 & baptized on the 23 d of the 
same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Peter Dean & Eliz: Noble. 
T. Gurnall. 


Robert Rudd the lawful Son of John and Jane Rudd was born the 
yth of January 1803 and baptiz d on the loth of the Same Month 
& Year. The Sponsors were Robert Moody and . . . Priestman. 
T. Gurnall. 

Miss Teresa [Constable above] Maxwell the lawful Daughter of 
Marmaduke & Appolonia Constable Maxwell was born the 26th of 

* Henry Joseph Francis Hansom, bap. York Bar Convent, II July 1778 (vol. iv. 
383), mar. Sarah Simpson. I have a dubious paper saying that one of her sisters 
"PMary" mar. Thomas Bearing, yeoman ; but the writer puts down two people as 
" ?Kemp," one of them being their mother, who turns out to be a Bentley by marriage. 
These " PKemps " are suggestive of the other being a Kempley in these registers. 


February 1803 & baptized on the 27th of the said Month & Year. 
The Sponsors were William Wakeman Esq and Miss Constable. Tho" 

Jane Smith the lawful Daughter of William and Eliz: Smith was 
born on the 6th of March 1803. & baptiz d on the same day of the 

same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Robert Clark & 

Tho 8 Gurnall. 

[27] Ann Johnson the [lawful above] Daughter of Robert & Catherine 
Johnson was born June the 2ist 1803. & baptized July the 3 d of the 
said year. The Sponsors were Peter Dean & Mary Dean Junior. 
T. Gurnall. 

William Paget the lawful Son of Tho s & Mary Paget was born 
on the 7th of August 1803, and baptized on the 22 d of the same 
Month <Sc Year. The Sponsors were John Thomas & Margaret Wright. 
T. Gurnall. 

William Kempley the lawful son of James & Eliz: Kempley was 
born December the i6th 1803 and baptized on the igth of the same 
month & Year. The Sponsors were John Thomas & Eliza: Holmes. 
T. Gurnall. 


Mary Howe the lawful Daughter of John & Mary Howe was 
born January the 3ist 1804 and baptiz d on the ist of February of 
the same year. The Sponsors were James Allan and Mary Howe. 
T. Gurnall. 

Mary Johnson the lawful Daughter of John & Jane Johnson was 
born March y e 28th 1804 and baptiz d on the 3oth of the same month 
& Year. The Sponsors were Tho 8 Dean Junior & Alice Eaton. 
T. Gurnall. 

[28] James Noble the lawful Son of James & Eliz: Noble was born 
on the ist of May 1804, and baptized on the 4th of the same Month & 
Year. The Sponsors were James Barker and Ann Dean. T. Gurnall. 

William Constable Maxwell [names inverted with i and 2 above] the 
lawful Son & Heir of Marmaduke Constable Maxwell & Appolonia 
Maxwell was born on the 25th of August 1804 and baptiz d on the 
27th of the said Month & Year. The Sponsors were Phillip Langdale 
Esq r & Miss Wakeman. T. Gurnall. 

Sara Rudd the lawful Daughter of John & Jane Rudd was born 
on the 8th of September 1804 & baptiz d on the loth of the same 
month & Year. The Sponsors were John Thomas and Ann Kempley. 
T. Gurnall. 

Sarah Walkington the lawful Daughter of William & Ann Walking- 
ton was born on the i6th of November 1804 & baptiz d on the igth 
of the said Month & Year. The Sponsors were James Barker and 
Nancy Kempley Jun: T. Gurnall. 


Frances Beetleson the lawful Daughter of Tho 8 & Mary Beetleson 
was born on the i3th of January 1805 and baptized on the i5th of the 
said Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Gosden &r Catherine 
Scaife. T. Gurnall. 

Eliz. Kempley y c lawful Daughter of James & Eliz. Kempley was 
born on y e iSth of September 1805 & baptiz d on the 22nd of the 


same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Charles Robinson & 
Catharine Harrison. T. Gurnall. 

[29] Mary Ann [Leak above, was Leek] the lawful Daughter of John 
. . . & Mary Leak was born on the 2 ist of September 1805 and 
baptized on the 22 d of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were 
Thomas & Sara Dean. T. Gurnall. 

Ann Noble the lawful Daughter of James &: Eliz: Noble was born 
on the 3oth of [November X* out, October above] 1805 & baptiz d on 
the ist of November of the same Year. The Sponsors were Thomas 
Billeson & Mary Rudd. T. Gurnall. 

Martha & Jane Stephenson lawful twin Daughters of Thomas and 
Ann Stephenson were born on the 3ist of October 1805 and baptiz d 
on the 3 d of November of the same Year. The Sponsors were for 
Martha, John Rudd & Mary Dean : for Jane, Emmanuel Myers 
and Ann Kempley. T. Gurnall. 

Catharine Johnson the lawful Daughter of Robert & Catherine 
Johnson was born on the 7th of November 1805 & baptiz d on the 
1 7th of the said Month & Year. The Sponsors were James Kempley 
Jane Carlisle. T. Gurnall. 

John Johnson the lawful Son of John & Jane [over erasure] 
Johson was born the igth of November 1805 & baptiz d on the 
2ist of the same Month & Year. The Sponsors were Thomas Beetle- 
son & Mary Rudd. T. Gurnall. 


Marmaduke Maxwell the lawful Son of Marmaduke Constable 
Maxwell & Appolonia Maxwell was born on the ist of January 1806. 
& baptiz d on the 3 d of the same month & Year. The Sponsors were 
Henry Joseph Wakeman and M 1 " 8 Weston. T. Gurnall. 

[30] Margaret Paget the lawful Daughter of Tho: and Mary Paget 
was born on the 22 d of May 1806. and baptised on the ist of June 
of the said Year : The Sponsors were Henry and Eliz: Kempley. 
T. Gurnall. 

Mary Beetleson the lawful Daughter of Tho: & Mary Beetleson 
was born on the igth of October & baptiz d on the 22 d of the same 
Month & Year. The Sponsor were John Thomas and Mary Baxter. 
T. Gurnall. 


Peter Constable Maxwell the lawful Son of Marmaduke C. Maxwell 
[Esq r above] and Appolonia C. Maxwell was born on the 7th of 
February 1807 and baptized on the gth of the said Month and Year. 
The Sponsors were Peter Middleton Esq r & Miss Mary Haggerstone. 
T. Gurnall. 

James Johnson the lawful Son of John & [Jane over erasure] John 
son was born on the gth of March 1807 and baptized on the nth of 
the [said above] Month & Year. The Sponsors were M r Gosden and 
Eliz: Ouerberry. T. Gurnall. 


Elizabeth Barnes the lawful Daughter of John & N. Barnes was 
born on the i5th of February 1808 and baptiz d on the i8th of the 
said Month and Year. The Sponsors were William Sowersby & Ann 
Dean. Thomas Gurnall. 


Ann Cons: Maxwell the lawful Daughter of Marmaduke and Appo- 
lonia Constable Maxwell was born on the i7th of March 1808 and 
baptiz d on the 2oth of the said month and Year : The Sponsors were 
the Earl of Traquair & M" Frances Porter. Tho: Gurnall. 

[31] Jane, Charles, & Helen Rudd the lawful Children of John & 
Jane Rudd were born on the 4th of May 1808 & baptiz d of the same 
day & Year. The Sponsors were John & Sara Rudd to Jane, M r 
Robinson & Mary Kempley to Charles, M r Gosden & Sara Sowerby 
to Helen. Ed: Clarkson. 

William Noble the lawfull Son of James & Eliz: Noble was born 
on the 1 4th of June 1808, and baptiz d on the i6th of the said 
Month & Year : The Sponsors were William Child & Ann Bradley. 
T. Gurnall. 


Mary Kempley the lawful Daughter of James and Elizabeth Kemp- 
ley was born on the 3 d of February 1809 and baptiz d on the 7th of 
the said Month and Year. The Sponsors were Tho: Dean Jun: and 
Ann Kempley Jun: T. Gurnall. 

Ann Betleeson the lawful Daughter of Thomas and Mary Betleeson 
was born on the 2 6th of March 1809 and baptiz d on the 29 of the 
said Month and Year. The Sponsors were John Johnson & Sara 
Sowersby. Tho: Gurnall. 

Robert Paget the lawful son of Thomas & Mary Paget was born on 
the 27th of March 1809, & baptiz d on the 2 d of April of the same Year. 
The Sponsors were William Sowersby and Ann Bradley. Tho: 

Stephen Barnes the lawfull Son of John & N. Barnes was born on 
the 23 d of June [1809 above], and baptized on the 25th of the said 
Month & Year. The Sponsors were John Dean & Mary Verity. 
Tho: Gurnall. 

[32] William & Eliz: Johnson, Twins, the lawful Son & Daughter of 
Robert & Catherine Johnson were born on the 24th of June 1809 and 
baptized on the 25th of the said Month & Year : The Sponsors were : 
Tho 8 Beetleson to William, & John Johnson to Eliz: Tho: Gurnall. 

Henry Constable Maxwell the lawful Son of Marmaduke & 
Appolonia Constable Maxwell was born on the 28th of December 1809. 
The sponsors were Lord Linton & Miss Middleton. T. Gurnall. 


George * Myers the lawful Son of Robert & Elizabeth Myers was 
born on the ist of February 1810 & baptiz d on the 4th of the said 
month & Year. The Sponsors were Henry Kempley & Ann Caley. 
Tho 8 Gurnall. 

James Johnson the lawful Son of John & [Jane over erasure] 
Johnson was born on the 28th of April 1810. & baptized on the same 
day &: Year. The Sponsors were M r Charles Robinson & Sara 
Stephenson. Tho 8 Gurnall. 

James Kempley the lawful son of James & Eliz: Kempley was born 
on the 2 yth of September and baptiz d on the ist of October of the 
said Year. The Sponsors were Tho 8 Kempley Jun r & Ann Dean. 
Tho 8 Gurnall. 

* I think this is George Myers, the great building contractor. 


Peter Noble lawful son of James & Elizabeth Noble was born the 
2 6th of April 1810. and baptiz d on the zyth of the said month and year. 
The Sponsors were John Dean & Mary Tomas. Edward Clarkson. 


Elizabeth Dean natural daughter of Mary Dean was born in the 
parish of . . . on the 24 of Nov r 1810 and baptized on the ist of 
January 1811. The sponsors were Peter Dean and Elizabeth Noble. 
Edward Clarkson. 

[33] Joseph John Constable Maxwell the lawful son of Marmaduke 
and Appolonia Constable Maxwell was born on the 27 of Oct r 181 1 and 
baptiz d on the same day of the same month and year. The Sponsors 
were M r VVebbe Weston & Lady Lucy Stewart [different writing and 
no signature], 

Charles Robinson lawful son of John and (Eli x 1 * out) 
Robinson was born on the 2gth of July 1811 and baptized on the same 
day, month year. The Sponsors were Charles Robinson & Susanna 
Robison. E d Clarkson. 

Ann Rudd the lawful daughter of John & Jane Rudd was born on 
Feb 17 the nth 1811 and baptized the i3th of the said month and 
year. The Sponsors were W m Rudd and Ann Richardson. Edward 

Sarah Beetleson lawful daughter of Tho 8 and Mary Beetleson was 
born on the 2Qth of July 1811. and baptiz d on the 3oth of the said 
month and year. The SS. Samuel John Cleyton & Ann Bradley. 
Edward Clarkson. 


August i;th 1812 was born Tho 3 lawful son of James & Elizabeth 
Kempley in the Parish of Siton Ross and baptized on the 24th of the 
said month and year. SS. Tho 8 Kempley junior & Mary Kempley. 
S. Hodgson. 

John Robinson lawful son of John and (Eli x d out) Robinson was born 
oct r 1 6th 1812 and baptized on the 2oth of the said month and year. 
The Sponsors were Henry Robinson & Eliza Robinson.- S: Hodgson. 

Joseph Rudd lawful son of John & Jane Rudd was born oct r 3ist 

1812 and baptized on the 2 d of November of the said year. The 
Sponsors were W m Gosford & Mary Lowe. S: Hodgson. 

[34] Ann Myers lawful daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Myers was 
born on the loth of Nov r 1812 and baptized on the 24th of the said 
month and year. SS. W m Lambert & Mary Myers. S: Hodgson. 


Elizabeth Noble lawful daughter of James & Elizabeth Noble was 
born July 6th 1813 and baptized on the i2th of the said month and 
year. SS. W m Lambert & Mary Webster. S: Hodgson. 

August 1 2th 1813 was baptized Mary lawful daughter of W m and 
Elizabeth Botterel. SS. W m Sowersby, Ann Bentley. S: Hodgson. 

Charles lawful son of John & Mary Barnes was born oct r i4th 

1813 and baptized on the 2oth of the said month and year. SS. Tho 8 
Dean junior & Elizabeth Sherwin. S: Hodgson. 


I, Matt. Newsham, Pastor of Everingham, testify that Sarah Bramley 
daughter of Emanuel & Winefred Bramley, bom Sept. 7. 1814, was 


baptized by me on the 8th of the said month & year. The Sponsors 
were Stephen Thomas & Mary Thomas. Matt. Newsham. 

[On the opposite page [35], nearly opposite is wafered the following 

certificate and note placed here chronologically.] 


John Wilkinson [lawful above] son of John & Anne Wilkinson born 
the eleveneth day of November 1814 was baptized on the eleventh of 
December of the same year, by me (the Sponsors being William 
Lambert & Eliz. Sherwin). Matt. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

The registry of this child I forgot to draw up in its proper [place 
above] at the time. & hence I have attached this slip of paper to the 
place in which it ought to have stood. Matt: Newsham. Missionarius 


George Goodric, lawful son of William & Sarah Goodric, born 
the 6th day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred & fifteen, was baptized on the 26th day of the aforesaid month 
: year, (the Sponsors being Stephen Goodric & Jane Carlisle) by me, 
Matt. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

Emanuel Myers, lawful Son of Robert & Elizabeth Myers, born the 
fourth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred 
& fifteen, was baptized the sixth day of the said month & year (the 
Sponsors being John Johnson & Mary Kempley) by me, Matt. New- 
sham. Miss. Apost. 

[35] Susannah Botterel, lawful daughter of William & Elizabeth 
Botterel, born May the eighteenth, in the year of our Lord, one thou 
sand eight hundred & fifteen, was baptized on the nineteenth day of 
the aforesaid month & year (the Sponsors being Rob. [Tjindall & 
Mary Dean) by me Matt. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

Robert Dale lawful Son of Robert & Elizabeth Dale, born Oct: i4th 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight & fifteen, was baptized on 
the 1 6th of the said month & year (The Sponsors being John Johnson 
& Elizabeth Sherwin) by me Matt: Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Elizabeth Bramley lawful daughter of Emanuel & Winifrid Bramley, 
born November the twenty ninth in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred & fifteen was baptized on the thirtieth day of the afore 
said month & year (the sponsors being John Harrison & Martha 
Brown) by me Matt: Newsham Miss. Apost. 


John Barnes lawful Son of John & Mary Barnes born February 
the 2ist in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & sixteen 
was baptized on the twenty seventh day of the said Month & year 
(the Sponsors being William Lambert & Rhoda Wright) by me Matt. 
Newsham. Mission. Apost. 

John Beetleson lawful son of Thomas & Mary Beetleson, born 
August the twenty ninth in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred & sixteen was baptized on the 3 d day of September of 
the same Year (the Sponsors being Emmanuel Bramley &: Mary Baxter) 
by me Matt. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

William Bramley lawful Son of Emanuel & Winifrid Bramley born 


December the tenth in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred & sixteen was baptized December the eleveneth of the said 
year (the Sponsors being William Lambert & Elizabeth Stephenson) by 
me Matt: Newsham. Missionar. Apost. 

Harriet Noble lawful daughter of James & Elizabeth Noble born 
December the twelfth in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred cS: sixteen, was baptized on the thirteenth day of the said 
month & year (the Sponsors being Henry Firth & Mary Kirkley) by me 
Matt: Newsham. Missionar. Apost. 

[36] John Goodric lawful Son of William & Sarah Goodric born the 
22 d December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & 
sixteen was baptized on the 3ist of said month & year, by me (the Spon 
sors being Ed Goodric & Mary King) Matt. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Vincent lawful son of William & Sarah Gosford born the tenth 
day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred 
& seventeen, was baptized on the eleventh day of the said month & 
year (the Sponsors being Isaac Hoy & Ann Gosford, by their proxies 
M r . Bugden & Mary Kirkley) by me, Matt. Newsham Mission: 

Ralph Smith lawful Son of James & Ann Smith, born April the 
twentieth in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred & 
seventeen was baptized on the twenty second day of the said month 
& year by me (the Sponsors being Thomas Dean & Mary Snell). Matt. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 


[The handwriting changes here, although professing to be signed 
by the same priest.] 

Sarah, daughter of James Jipson, born April the eighth 1818, was 
baptized the i3th 

, -r ^, 1 by Mr. Turner of Holme 

c I Tames Thomas \ J A f , r , ^ 

Sponsors \ i, Thomas I A faithful C Py 
5 J Matt. Newsham. 

Joseph, son of Emanuel & Winifred Bramley, born the 24th of 
May 1818, was baptized on the 25th of the said Month 

e f William Boste ) A faithful Copy 

S \ Ann Boste / M. Newsham 

William, son of Edward & Jane Barrow, born Oct. the second 
1818, was baptized on the fifth 

rnab y Johnson) A faithful Copy 
Eliz. Sherwood / M. Newsham 
Peter William, son of Robert & Elizabeth Myers, born on the tenth 
of July, was baptized on the eleventh 

c /John Smith \A faithful Copy 

rs \Eliz. Sherwood / M. Newsham 
Susannah, daughter of William & Elizabeth Botterell 

<W ^nrJ Barnab y J h nson\A faithful Copy 

rs \Mary Sowerby J M. Newsham 

[37] John Gosford, lawful son of William & Sarah Gosford, born 
on the 2ist of February 1818,* was baptized on the of the said 

* Query 1819. 


month & year (The Sponsors being John Gosford &: Elizabeth Davey 
by their proxies William Bugden & Mary Kirkley) by M r Turner of 
Holme. Matt. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Charles, lawful son of Thomas & Mary Beetleson, born Feb: 4th 
1818,* was baptized on on the 5th of the same month & year, (the 
sponsors being W m Lambert & Eliz. Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 


Ann Goodric, lawful daughter of William & Sarah Goodric, born 
the 3 d of April 1819, was baptized on the gth of the said month & 
year. (The Sponsors being Thomas Walker & Elizabeth Beetleson) by 
me Matt. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Myers, born April the 
28th 1819, was baptized on the 2gth of the said Month & year (The 
Sponsors being William Rudd : Prudence Jackson) by me Matt. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of John & Nancy Hickman, born June 28th 
1819 and baptized on the 3oth of the said Month & year (The Sponsors 
being John Dean & Mary Noble) by me Matt. Newsham Miss Apost. 


Elizabeth, lawful daughter of William & Elizabeth Botterell, born 
December the 2gth 1819, was baptized on the 2 d of January 1820. (the 
Sponsors being Barnaby Johnson & Mary Sowerby) by me Matt. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Catharine, lawful daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Dale, born 
February the 6th 1820. was baptized on the gth of the said month & 
year (the Sponsors being William Johnson & Miss Maxwell) by me 
Matt. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of John & Margaret Hagan, born August the 
1 4th 1820, was baptized on the 2oth of the said month & year (the 
Sponsors being William Sowerby & Mary Tindall) by me Matt. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

John, lawful son of William Ackley & Martha Ackley, born the 22 d 
of August 1820, was baptized on the ijth of September of the same 
year (the Sponsor being Mary Sowerby) by me Matt. Newsham Miss. 

[38] Edward, lawful son of William & Sarah Gosford, born the 
3ist of October 1820, was baptized on the 2 d of November of the same 
year, (the Sponsors being William Smith & Teresa Maxwell) by me 
Mat. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 


Charles, lawful son of Edward & Jane Barrow, born April the 23, 
1821, was baptized on the 27th of the said month & year (the Sponsors 
being W m Johnson & Mary Tindale) by me Matt Newsham Miss. 

William Henry, lawful son of John & Mary Thompson, born April 
28th 1821, was baptized on the 4th of May of the same year, (the 
Sponsors being M r William Thompson & Miss Lynch) by me Matt. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Thomas Edward, lawful son of Thomas & Mary Beetleson, born Oct. 

* Query 1819. 


the 1 2th, 1821, was baptized on the same day of the same month & 
year (the Sponsors being Edward Templeman & Frances Beetleson) by 
me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Jane Noble, lawful daughter of James & Elizabeth Noble, born the 
29 of August 1821, was baptized on the 3ist of the said month &year, 
(the Sponsors being Frances Harrison by her proxy Frances Beetleson 
& Samuel Clayton) by me Mat Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Stephen, lawful son of William & Sarah Goodric, born Sept. i3th 
1821, was baptized on the 23 d of the said month & year (the Sponsor 
being William Johnson & Mary Tindall) by me Matt: Newsham Miss. 

Thomas Edward, lawful son of Thomas & Mary Beetleson, born 
the nth day of October 1821, was baptized on the i4th of the said 
month &: year (the sponsors being Edward Templeman & Frances 
Beetleson) by me Mat: Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Edmund, lawful son of Robert & Elizabeth Myers, born the i6th of 
November 1821, was baptized on the i8th of the said month & year 
(the Sponsors being John Mawson & Mary Tindall) by me Mat: 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Joseph, lawful son of Robert & Elizabeth Dale, born Nov. 2ist 

1821, was baptized on the 25th of the said month & year (the Sponsors 
being Robert Tindall & Teresa Maxwell) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 


William, lawful son of William & Martha Ackley, born Sept: 7. 1822, 
was baptized on the 27th of October of the same year (the Sponsors 
being the Rev d M. Newsham & Eliz. Sherwin) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

[39] John Joseph, lawful son of John & Rachel Smith, born 
Nov: the 2 d 1822, was baptized on the same day of the said year (the 
Sponsors being M r & M ra Croskell of Holme) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

John, lawful son of John & Margaret Hagan, born October the i5th 

1822, was baptized on the 3 d of November of the said year (the Sponsors 
being John Dean & Emma Barnes) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 

John, lawful son of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born was 

baptized on the of the said month & year (the Sponsors being 

W Tm Clayton, by his proxy Edward Templeman & Mary Johnson) by 
me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Joseph, son of William & Elizabeth Johnson, born May the loth 

1823, was baptized on the i2th of the same month & year (the sponsors 
being Edward Templeman & Mary Tindale, by her proxy Sarah Stephen- 
son) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Elizabeth, lawful Son of Robert & Elizabeth Myers, born Feb: 22 d 

1824, was baptized on the 25th of the same month & year (the Sponsors 
being Emmanuel Myers, (by his proxy Ed. Templeman) & Mary Thomas) 
by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

[A blank space seems purposely left here.] 


Sarah, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Norwood, born April lyth, 
1824, was baptized on the igth of the same month & year (the Sponsors 
being W m Sowerby & Sarah Stephenson) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 

Thomas, lawful son of John & Rachael Smith, born April 2ist 1824, 
was baptized on the 22 d of the same month & year (the sponsors being 
W m Lambert & Sarah Lambert, by her proxy Sarah Stephenson) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of William & Martha Ackley, born Septem 
ber the loth 1824, was baptized the of the said year (the 
Sponsors being Ed. Templeman & M. Kempley of Seaton) by me. 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Susannah, daughter of Thomas & Mary Dixon, born June 22 * 

1824, was baptized on the 25th of the same month & year (the Sponsors 
being Mat. Newsham & Margaret Hagan) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 

[40] Elizabeth, daughter of Emma Barnes, born August the 27th 
1824 was baptized on the 2Qth of the same month & year (the Sponsors 
being John Barnes & Mary Beetleson) by me Matt. Newsham Miss. 

John, lawful son of Francis & Mary Pratt, born April i ith 1824, was 
baptized on the i4th of the same month & year (the Sponsors being 
Mat. Newsham & Mary Tindall) by me Mat. Newsham Miss Apost. 


Hannah, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Norwood, born March 
26th 1825, was baptized on the 27th of the said month & year (the 
Sponsors being Robert Sowerby by his proxy Ed wd Templeman & 
Margaret Templeman) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Helen, lawful daughter of Robert & Elizabeth Dale, born June 2 d 

1825, was baptized on the 3 d of the said month & year (the Sponsors 
being the Rev d Mat: Newsham & Harriet Bradley) by me Mat: 
Newsham Miss: Apost. 

William, lawful son of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born June the 3 d 
1825, was baptized on the 5th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Edward Templeman & Sarah Stephenson) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Sophia Mary, lawful daughter of William & Sarah Gosford, born 
[April x? out, June above] the 5th 1825, was baptized on the 7th of 
the same month (June) & year (the Sponsors being John Hoy, S: 
Philidelpia Gosford, by their proxies William Lambert and Winifred 
Leadbitter) by me Mat: Newsham Miss. Apost. 

John, lawful son of Daniel &: Helen Murphy, born December 
1824, was baptized on the i6th of June (1825, the Sponsor being the 
Rev d M. Newsham) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Peter, lawful son of John & Jane Harrison, born June the 2gth 1825, 
was baptized on the 3 d of July of the same year (the Sponsors being 
William Pexton & Mary Thomas) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


[The following seems to have been written later on a blank 
space left for it.] 

John, lawful son of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born September 


the zoth 1826. was baptized on the 26th of the same month &: year 
(the Sponsors being John Myers & Elizabeth Kempley) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 


William Joseph & Charles Joseph, lawful sons of John & Rachel 
Smith, born November the 2ist 1825, were baptized on the same day 
of the same [month & above] year (the Sponsors being for William 
Joseph, William & Sarah Lambert ; for Charles Joseph, John & Mary 
Thompson) by me Mat. Newsham, Miss. Apost. 


Ann, lawful daughter of William & Helen Ackadey [?], born 
January the igth 1826, was baptized on the 2ist of the said month 
& year (the Sponsors being James Rudd & Harriet Bradley) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 
[41]* [1827] 

Thomas, lawful son of William & Mary Ackley, born May i4th 
1827, was baptized on the loth of June of the same year (the Sponsors 
being John Myers & Mary Russel) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Ap. 

Am[?], lawful son of Thomas & Hannah Kirby ; born June the 
9th 1827, was baptized on the loth of the same month & year (the 
sponsors being John Myers & Mary Russel[?]) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Henry, lawful son of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born July i3th 
1827 was baptized on the i5th of the said month & year (the sponsors 
being James Smith & Mary Raspir[?]) by me M. Newsham Miss. 

Mary, lawful daughter of John & Harriet Johnson, born Sept: the 
4th 1827, was baptized on the fifth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being W m Pexton & Harriet Bradley) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Norwood, born October 
the 7th 1827, was baptized on the 7th of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being Isaac Sowerby & Ann Beetleson) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born 
December the i2th 1827, was baptized on the of the same month 
& year (the Sponsors being John Mawson & Mary Kempley) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


James, daughter [sic] of Eliza Barnes, born Feb. the i4th 1828, was 
baptized on the 2oth of the same month & year (the Sponsors being 
the Rev d M. Newsham & Mary Variie[?]) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 

Elizabeth, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Pratt, born the 4th 
of December 1828, was baptized on the 5th of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being Mat. Newsham and Mary Swales) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 


John, lawful son of Thomas & Mary Dixon, born the i3th of 
March 1829, was baptized on the i4th of the same month & year (the 

* The writing begins to get very had here. 


Sponsors being John Rason & Mary Varvile[?]) by me Mat. News- 
ham Miss. Apost. 

Charles, lawful son of William & Mary Ackley, born April i6th 
1829, was baptized on the 3ist of May, of the same year (the Sponsors 
being the Rev d M. Newsham & Jane Rudd) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

[42] Mary, lawful daughter of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born the 
4th of August 1829, was baptized the gth of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being George Russell & Sarah Coupland) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of William & Harriet White born the of 
November 1829, was baptized on the 2 d of December of the same 
year (the Sponsors being John Myers & Sarah Beetleson) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

William Joseph, lawful son of William & Ann Pexton, born the ist 
of December 1829, was baptized the 5th of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being John Myers & Mary Varvile) by me Mat. News- 
ham Miss. Apost. 


Robert, lawful son of Francis & Mary Norwood, born the i6th of 
February 1830, was baptized on the 23 d of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being James Smith & Mary Rispin ) by me Mat. News- 
ham Miss. Apost. 

Dorothy, lawful daughter of Richard & Mary Ann Booth, was born 
July the i gth 1830, & baptized on the 28th of the same month & 
year (the Sponsors being ) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 


Elizabeth, lawful daughter of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born 
November the 22 d [1830 above], was baptized on the 26th of the same 
month & year (the Sponsors being George Russele[?] & Ann Walking- 
ton) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Ann, lawful daughter of William & Ann Pexton, born January 
the 26th 1831, was baptized on the 28th of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being James Smith & Margo[r above]y Ibbotson) by 
me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary Ann, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Pratt, born June the 
26th 1831, was baptized on the 4th of July of the same year, by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann, lawful daughter of William & Harriet White, born July the 
28th 1831, was baptized on the 3 d of August of the same year (the 
sponsors being William Budd * & Ann Myers) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

[43] [/I blank space left at the head of this page.] 

John, son of James & Mary Smith, born December the yth 
[1831 above] was baptized on the gth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being William Pexton & Elizabeth Beetleson) by me Mat. 
Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

* Query Rudd. 



Zillah, lawful daughter of Francis <$c Mary Norwood, born Feb. the 
i5th 1832, was baptized on the 2ist of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Thomas Beetleson & Jane Rudd) by me. Mat. News- 
ham Miss. Apost. 

Vincent, lawful son of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born March the 
3oth 1832, was baptized on the 2 d of April of the same year (the 
Sponsors being William & Elizabeth Johnson) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of William & Ann Pexton born March the 
3oth 1832, was baptized on the 2 d of April of the same year (the 
Sponsors being William & Mary Ibbotson) by me Mat. Newsham. 
Miss. Apost. 

[The register of Zillah Norwood (the third above this) is repeated 
here and crossed out.] 

George, lawful son of Thomas & Mary Dixon, born July the igth 
1832. was baptized on the 23 d of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being James Smith & Ann Pexton) by me- -Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Sarah, lawful daughter of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born 
October the 3ist 1832. was baptized on the 6th of November of the 
same year (the Sponsors being Thomas & Mary Kempley) by me 
Matt. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Edward, lawful son of James & Mary Smith, born March the 25111 
J 833, was baptized on the 28th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Charles & Ann Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

[44] William, lawful son of Isaac & Jane Sowerby, born April 
the 5th 1833, was baptized on the i4th of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being William Sowerby & Mary Norwood) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Louisa, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Pratt, born June the 
8th 1834. was baptized on the i5th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Joseph Allison &: Sarah Tiplady) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann, daughter of Mary Barrow, born Oct the 2 d 1833. was baptized 
on the nth of Jan. 1834. (the Sponsors being William Rudd & Harriet 
Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

George lawful son of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson born July the 
3oth 1834. was baptized on the 5th of August of the same year 
(the Sponsors being George Goodric & Ann Myers) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Sarah, lawful daughter of William & Harriet White, born July the 
3oth 1834. was baptized on the 5th of August of the same year (the 
Sponsors being Charles Beetleson & Jane Johnson) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann, lawful daughter of Francis & Mary Norwood, born August 
the 4th 1834. was baptized on the 8th of the same month & year 


(the Sponsors being Charles Beetleson & Elizabeth Billingham) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Thomas, lawful son of William & Mary Hawkin, born the nth of 
July, 1834. was baptized on the 23 d of October of the same year (the 
Sponsor being Mary Wells) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Rosamond, lawful daughter of Isaac & Jane Sowerby, born the 
3ist of October 1834, was baptized on the 3 d of November of the 
same year (the Sponsors being George Goodrick & Elizabeth Noble) 
by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Lucy, lawful daughter of William & Ann Pexton, born the 3oth of 
March 1835, was baptized on the 3 d of April of the same year (the 
Sponsors being William Johnson & Elizabeth Mongher) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

William, lawful son of James & Mary Smith, born the 6th of 
November 1834, was baptized on the 4th of April 1835. (the Sponsors 
being Thomas & Harriet Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

[45] Hannah, lawful daughter of Thomas & Mary Dixon, born 
April the nth 1835, was baptized on the i3th of the same month & 
year (the Sponsors being William Pexton & Mary Norwood) by me 

Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

William, lawful son of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born August 
the 4th 1835. was baptized on the 6th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Charles Beetleson & Ann Kempley) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

. [1836] 

Joseph, lawful son of William & Ann Pexton, born May the 2ist 
1836. was baptized on the 24th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being John Blunt & Ann Varvill) by me Mat. Newsham, 
Miss. Apost. 

James, lawful son of James & Mary Smith born June the igth 
1836, was baptized on the 2ist of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Charles & Frances Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Elizabeth, lawful daughter of William & Harriet White, born July 
the igth 1836. was baptized on the 3oth of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being William & Harriet Barnet) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Mary, lawful daughter of Isaac &: Jane Sowerby, born July the 
3oth 1836. was baptized on the ist of August of the same year (the 
Sponsors being William Myers & Mary Briggs) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Catharine, lawful daughter of Barnaby &: Ruth Johnson, born 
August the nth 1836, was baptized on the i6th of the same month 
& year (the Sponsors being John Myers & Harriet Johnson) by me 

Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Marcia Mary, lawful daughter of William & Marcia Constable Max 
well, born September the i8th [1836 above] was baptized on the same 
day of the same year (the Sponsors being Sir Edward Vavasour & the 
Dowager Mrs. Maxwell) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 




[46] William, lawful son of Francis & Mary Norwood, born 
March the 23 d , 1837. was baptized on the aSth of the same month 
& year (the sponsors being Thomas Drake & Ann Myers) by me 
Mat. Newsham. Miss. Apost. 

* Isaac Bellinger, lawful son of Francis &: Mary Pratt, born June 
the 24th 1837. was baptized on the 23 d of July of the same year (the 
Sponsors being by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Marmaduke Francis, t lawful Son of William & Marcia Constable 
Maxwell, born October the 4th 1837. was baptized on the 5th of the 
same month & year, (the Sponsors being Marmaduke Maxwell, Esq r 
of Terregles & the Hon le M n Langdale of Houghton) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Charles Joseph, lawful son of James & Mary Smith, born February 
the 7th 1838 was baptized on the loth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being James OHara & Ann Varvill) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Thomas, lawful son of William & Harriet Barnard, born February 
the 1 3th 1838, was baptized on the 23 d of March of the same year 
(the Sponsors being Thomas & Sarah Beetleson) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

George, lawful son of Isaac & Jane Sowerby, born April the i5th 
1838, was baptized on the 2oth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being James Davedson [?] & Mary Rispin) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Elizabeth, lawful daughter of Abraham & Jane Rhodes, born 
February the loth 1838 was baptized on the 22 d of April of the 
same year (the Sponsors being Marcia Maxwell & Mat. Newsham) by 
me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary Jane, lawful daughter of Henry & Jane Doherty, born June 
the 8th 1838, was baptized on the nth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Emanuel & Prudence Myers) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Ruth, lawful daughter of William & Harriet White, born on the 
9th of July 1838, was baptized on the i8th of the same month & 
year (the Sponsors being Stephen Goodrick & Ann White) by me 
Mat: Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Thomas & Elizabeth Vause, 
born September the 22 d i8[2 and 3J8, was baptized on the 27th of the 
same month & year (the Sponsors being James & Elizabeth Hewson) 
by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

[47] William, lawful son of William & Elizabeth Kempley, born 
September the 3oth 1838, was baptized on the 2 d of October of the same 
year (the Sponsors being William Baylis & Ann Varvill) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann, lawful daughter of Michael & Hannah Fryer, born September 
the 29th 1838, was baptized on the 29th of October of the same year 

# Edward is written above Isaac, but smudged. 

t The late Lord Herries, first President of the Catholic Record Society. R.I. P. 


(the Sponsors being Robert Myers & Ann Simpson) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Mary Agnes, lawful daughter of William : Marcia Constable Max 
well, born January the 2oth 1839, was baptized zist of the same month 
& year (the Sponsors being Joseph Weld & Mary Vavasour) by me 
Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Mary Hannah, lawful daughter of James & Mary Smith, born 
February the 6th 1839, was baptized on the 8th of the same month 
& year (the Sponsors being James Kempley & Sarah Beetleson) by 
me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Ann, lawful daughter of Barnaby & Ruth Johnson, born March the 
26th 1839, was baptized on the 27th of the same month & year (in 
supposed danger of death) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. Apost. 


Agnes Everida, born Feb 3 a 1840. daughter of Francis & Mary 
Norwood, was baptized on the 6th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being William Webster & Ann Varville) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Sarah Mary, daughter of Eleanor Rudd, born March the nth 
1840, was baptized on the i6th of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being Charles & Jane Rudd) by me Mat. Newsham Miss. 

Thamar, lawful daughter of Henry & Miram Stainton, born May 
the 28th 1840. was baptized on the 2gth of the same month & year 
(the Sponsors being Thomas & Elizabeth Kempley) by me Mat. 
Newsham Miss. Apost. 

Jane, lawful daughter of Isaac & Jane Sowerby, born July the i8th 
[1840 above] was baptized on the 2oth of the same month & year (the 
Sponsors being John White and Sarah Norwood) by me Mat. Newsham 
Miss. Apost. 

Thomas, lawful son of Richard Thomas & Elizabeth Vause, born 
July the yth 1840, was baptized on the 29th of the same month &: year 
(the Sponsors above] being Harriott Noble & Joseph Russell by me 
Mat. Newsham. 

T. R. 

[48] We certify that this is one of the Registers or Records 
deposited in the General Register Office, pursuant to the Act of the 
4th Victoria, Cap 92. 

John Bowring "j 
Thos Rees j- Commissioners 
John Shoveller] 
[Pages 47-232 are blank.] 



[The first Confirmations are only in Lord Herries Registers.] 


(September the i e Confirmation was Given at Holme by Bishop 
Walton twenty belonging to the Everingham Congregation were con 
firmed (viz) John Riidd, Sarah Cation, John Cotton, Philip Cation, 
Robert Dean, Nancy Wholton, Nancy Plowman, Mary Plowman, 
Mary Baxter, Mary Beal, Sarah Clerk * Seaton, Mary Clerk, William 
Winship, Helen Nottingham, Nancy Harper, Thomas Dean, Sarah 
Clerk * Everingham, Elizabeth Danby, Ann Bentley, Elizabeth Dean.) 


September the i8th Confirmation was given at Holme by Bishop 
Gibson 1 8 belonging to the Everingham Congregation were confirm d. 
viz. Eliz Clark, Seaton. Ann Clark, Seaton. Helen Carlisle, Melboune. 
Mary Carlisle, Melbourne. James Kempley. William Thomas. John 
Collins, Harswell. Thomas Dean, Seaton. John Howe. Will: Howe. 
Thomas Dean. Marg: Clint, Dumfries. Ann Dean. Ann Howe. 
Robert Norris.f Beswick. Joseph Dean. Sara Kempley. John 



September the 2oth Confirmation was given at Everingham 
by Bishop William Gibson. 23 were confirmed viz. Tho 8 Howe. 
Polly Thomas. John Dean. Mark Kempley. Charles Howe. John 
Beal. Jane (Jenny) Carlisle. Mary Howe. E\\z.(abeth) Smith. Eliz: 
Dean. Ann Smith. Ann Thomas. Sara Smith. Sara Dean. John 
Thomas. Will: Ullerthorne. Tho: Ullerthorne. Robert & Eliz: Tyndall. 
Ant[h above]ony Bland. M re Bland. M rs Chapman. Ann Williamson. 
James Fairbairn. 

[Here follow a number of blank pages until those used from the 
reverse end come.] 



June the i7th were married (at Everingham) Robert Thomas & 
Nancy Cattin (Cation). 

July the ist were married at Everingham Phillip Londesborough 
(Lonesborough) & Win: (Winefred) Clark 

September the 8th died William Dolman at Pocklington 


April the 4th died William Lazenby 

June 27th died at Pocklington M rs Dolman 


April the i7th died Rebecca Beal at Everingham 
May the 5th died Eliz: Thomas at Everingham 
May the 25th died E\iz:(abeth) Nottingham at Bielby 
June the 7th died Nancy Nottingham at Bielby 
December the i2th died Mary Jackson at (of) Everingham 

* No punctuation, but the last names are evidently the residences in both cases. 
t Although so spaced at the end of a line, I think this means " Robert Norris, 
[of] Beswick." It is so in Lord Herries copy. 



May the gth were married at Everingham Tho 8 Kempley & Sara 
(Sarah) Wadsworth. 

July the loth died the Rev d (Rev. omitted) M r * Fleetwood. 

October the 25th were married at Everingham Robert Norris (Nor- 
rice} and Eliz. (Elizabeth) Wilson. 

December the 7th died Mary Clark (Clerk) of Seaton. 

August the 8th died Marmaduke Beal at Everingham. 

(2R) 1808 

January i8th 1808 Roger Wilson was married to Margaret Wright: 
The witnesses were John Johnson and Mary Snell. T. Gurnall. 

April 25th 1808 Stephen t Easing would was married to Eliz: Smith. 
The witnesses were M r Gosden & M rs Lowe [or La we]. 

[The above two marriages appear to have been entered, here before 
the following entries.] 


August 28th died (at Everingham) Mary Norrice 
August 1 4th Lord Nithsdale 


Sara &: Eliz: Dean twins 23rd of October. 

[The following marriage and, death are only in Lord, Herries 


(February the nth was married at Everingham Thomas Richardson 
to Nancy Rudd 

May the ^th died at Cranswick Thomas Chambers) 
December nth was married Philip Lonesborough to Eliz: (Eliza 
beth) Agar. 

7th of December died (at Everingham) Prudy Dean 

(July the i ^th I took the Oath of Allegiance at Beverley we were 

Catholicks who took the said Oath together.} 
October 2oth died (at Everingham} Mary Kirby 


1 5th of July died (a Holme} Sara Witaker (Whittaker). 
the same day her Daughter Ann. 
July 28th Phillip Dean (at Seaton) 
October i5th Ursula Kempley (at Everingham) 
October 28 Margaret Dean (at Seaton) 


2ist of February [see Note in Baptisms at this time] Rob: (R ) 
Dean (at Everingham) 


i9*h of January John Snell was married to Agnes Bentley (Bently). 
John (Howe) and Ann Howe were witnesses. [In Latin in Lord 
Herries 1 copy] 

* See note, p. 263. 

t This should be Easingwood of Sledmcrc. See Paper No. IV. She married 
secondly, Robert Maulaon of Slcdmere. 


i78[3 and 4] (1784) 

January loth William Smith was married to Mary Beal (at Evering 

Elizabeth Robinson died (at Pocklington) 3oth of June (1784) 
May 1 7th 1783 died Miss Catherine Constable 


22 April: E\iz:(abeth) Shaw (at Cranswick) 


The nth of May 1786 was married at Everingham Henry Kemply 
to Mary Clerk of Seaton.) 

(3) 1787 

May i5th died at Everingham Philip Londsbro Husbandman 


October igth died Ann Dean (at Everingham) 
December i2th Jane Dean (at Everingham) 


February 26th James Bean Gardener (at Everingham) 
June 28th Ann Harper (at Everingham) 
July 26th (at Everingham) John Beal. 


The 7th of January 1790 was married at Everingham Robert Clark 
to Winefred Kidder.) 


23 of September Joseph Mercer died (at Everingham) 

(iSth of October 1791 was married Robert Smith to Nancy* Howe. 
T. Gurnall.) 

Item (died at Everingham) Robert Wilson Oct. 24th 


April gth (Easter Monday) died Eleonora Nottingham (at Evering 

October 1310 Winefred Clark (at Everingham) 


(Matrimonio juncti John Rudd & Jane Moody August i8th.) 
December 25th at Latham Eliz: Brown (died) 
August 20 at Pocklington (died) Joseph Cattin (Cation) 


10 of March William Baxter (died at Everingham) 

(William Leith and Ann Green were married on the i^th of April 



December i7th at Rytham Gate Rob.(<?>^) Tindwald. 


4th of May Agnes Snell (died at Thornton) 

(William H. Maxwell Constable Esq r died at Terregles the 2oth 
of June 1797. 

* Anne Howe s baptism is given on 12 May 1773 att/e. Her husband was 
Robert Smith of Drax, not one of the two families of the name at Everingham. 
Vide C.R.S. i. 139. 


Dorothy Beat died 2gth of July. 1797. 

William Walkington was married to Ann Clerk on the i6lh of 
Aug st 1797. 


fames Noble was married to Eliz: Dean on the i6th of April 1798 
November the 2gth 1798 John Beck was married to Mary Howe 

M" Winefred Kidder died at Everingham on the igth of January 
1799. 17 years housekeeper of the same place had she lived till July : 
aged 74 or 76. R.P. 

Sara Clark died on the iSth of March 1799. 


Tho s Howe died ist of February 1800. 

Catherine Dean was married William Johnson if of February 
1 800. Witnesses Will Smith. Jane Clark. 

Mary Bentley died the 8th of May 1800. 

Mary Baxter died the 2$th of June 1800.) 

[No further entries occur in Lord Herries s copy.] 

May 25th were married at Everingham John Wilkison to Ann 
Bradley. The witnesses were [Thomas Beetleson & Mary Brisby 
above], [sign] John Wilkinson. Ann Wilkinson Tho s Beetleson 
Mary Brisby Stephen Hodgson, Priest. 


January igth 1813 were married at Everingham James Movely & 
Elizabeth Buttle, [sign] James Movely. Elizabeth Buttle. The 
witnesses were John Snell, Mary Snell. 

Nov r 22 1813 were married Emanuel Bramley to Winnifrid 
Thomas, [sign] Emanuel Bramley. Winifred Thomas. 


Oct. i gth were married Ambrose Clark & Amelia Campbell. Wit 
nesses M r Ric Thompson & Miss Fleming 

Died John Carlisle, Nancy Stephenson, Sarah Kempley & W m 

Nov r gth 1815 were married William * Parvin & Ann Smith, [witn.] 
M r Smith. M 1 " 8 Newsham. 


Died Harriet Noble aged 15. 

1816 were married James Smith & Ann Snell 

Nov 26. 1816 were married John Hagan & Margaret Johnson 

* Land-steward to Lord Stourton. Died at The Mount, York. His wife was 
eldest daughter of Thomas Smith, farmer, of Everingham, and they had one 
daughter, Mary Anne, married to John Thompson of Pocklington. 




THE registers are in charge of the Rev. George Barrett, D.D., M.R., who 
fortunately found them in a "heap of rubbish" ready to be destroyed, when 
he took possession in 1901 ! The contents are now safely in print. He has 
kindly allowed us to copy and collate them down to the end of Fr. Peters 
time, when they end conveniently two years after compulsory registration 
of birth on I July 1837. They extend to 24 Dec. 1854. 

Except for wilful excisions they are in good condition, consisting of two 
books and one loose paper copy. 

The first is a paper book yf by 6| inches, bound in vellum, the pagination 
being given below. The first entry now extant is in 1794 ; but the first four 
pages have been cut out. The Rev. Dr. Barrett throws some light on these 
in his contribution to the Kingston and Richmond edition of the Shield of 
January and February 1905 (Salesian Press, Battersea). Quoting from a 
work entitled Anne Paule Dominique de Noailles, Marquise de Montague 
(Paris, 1864) he shews that Madame la Marquise gave birth to a son on the 
very day, Easter Sunday, 30 March 1793, on which the chapel was opened, 
and that his baptism was the first on the registers. He was named Alex 
ander, the god-parents being Monsieur le due de la Rochefoucault-Dou- 
deauville and Madamoiselle Alexandrine de la Luzerne. It is not stated 
whether the baptism took place on the same day. 

Supposing a page was given to the title, that the statement of persons 
and titles of celebrant, parents and sponsors, circumstance of exile, and 
witnesses was as long as the first extant entry, occupying a page and a half, 
we may perhaps assume that only few entries have been regrettably lost. 

The second book is similar to the first, the paper being 7\ by 6j inches. 
The first folio and the top of the second have been cut off, but the next is 
numbered one ; so possibly no entries are lost. A single sheet, paged also 
two and three, has been sewn on page two, and indicated in the text. 

The third is a loose paper copy paged 29 to 52, size 7 by 6| inches. 
This, being the same as part of the second book, is not printed ; but some 
additions or variants are given in foot-notes. The dates are from 7 Jan. 
1816 to 16 July 1838. 

The registers of the neighbouring mission of Cheam are printed in 
C.R.S., vol. ii. Some names may recur here. 

Mr. Gillow gives the following historical notes from his collections. 

A. D. J. S. H. 

"When, in 1501, Henry VII. had nearly rebuilt the old palace of the 
Plantagenets at Sheen, he renamed it Richmond, from his Tudor earldom 
of Richmond in Yorkshire, of which he was the second holder. It again 
became a favourite residence of the royal family, and this, combined with 
the natural beauties of the locality as well as its vicinity to London and 
Westminster, induced many Catholic families of position to settle here 
during the days of persecution.* Its accessibility by road or river made 

* Sir Henry Bedingfeld, knight, mar. at Richmond n July 1609 Elizabeth 
Howe (as queried by Mr. Bruce Bannerman, the editor), who would be Elizabeth, 
dau. of Lord William Howard of Naworth Castle (Richmond Registers, Surrey Par. 
Reg. Soc.}. If proof of residence, it might have been a temporary one of the bride s. 
The following burials look more like proofs : 

1725 Apr. 28 dame Dorothy Bedingfield. 

1750 July 22 Mrs Henrietta Bedingfield. 

1751 May 26 Mrs Anne Bedinfield. J. S. II. 



it a convenient place for priests in times of stress, and it is probable the 
Sacrifice of the Mass was more regular than can be actually proved. 

The Rev. George Quinton alias Brooke served here during the reign of 
Charles II., and died here in 1685, his burial, as "Mr. George Brookes," 
being registered on 18 March.* He was a younger son of Joseph Quinton, 
of London, where he was born in 1619. He was sent to St. (Diner s College 
in his sixteenth year, and thence proceeded to the college at Rome, where 
he was ordained priest, Jan. 27, 1647. He left Rome for the English mission 
on the following May 4, and ultimately settled at Richmond. It would 
appear that both the Jesuits and Carmelites were represented here at this 
period. The only names on record are as follows : 

Fr. Charles Trevanion alias Drummond, S.J., son of Charles Trevanion, 
of Caerhayes, co. Cornwall (by one of the daughters and co-heiresses of 
Sir Adam Drummond), who succeeded his grandfather, Sir Charles Tre 
vanion, to the Caerhayes estate. Sir Charles son, John, espoused Mary, 
sister of the first Lord Arundel of Trerice, and was slain in the royal army 
before Bristol. Fr. Charles, who was born about 1668, entered the Society 
of Jesus at Watten. He came to this district in 1704, and a little later is 
found residing at Marshgate, Richmond. About 1724 he got into trouble 
with his superiors, and for several years ceased to do missionary duty. 
Eventually, in 1730, he was reconciled, and died at Marshgate, according to 
the parish registers, f March 19, 1737, aged 70. 

Fr. Christopher Conyers, S.J., was living "at Squire Neville s, Richmond 
Green, Surrey," in 1724, and apparently continued till his death, Aug. 29, 
1730, aged 61. 

Fr. Richard Moore, S.J., came to Richmond in 1731 from Holy well, co. 
Flint, and returned to the mission in North Wales in 1740, where he died in 
1753, aged 81. 

No other name of a Jesuit in Richmond has been preserved. 

A small colony of French emigres obtained permission to open a chapel, 
and this was accomplished on Easter Sunday, 30 March 1793. One of 
their priests, the Abbe Richet, is said to have been in Richmond this year, 
but whether as missioner or not, is not apparent. 

When Fr. Thomas Monk came is not clear ; but the registers make it 
certain that he was the missioner on 10 April 1794, when he records the 
first existing baptism by the emigre Bishop of Angouleme, in his presence. 
As he cannot be identified as a secular priest, it is possible that he was one 
of those Discalced Carmelites who came from the noviciate at Tongres, 
were ordained at Liege, and are only referred to in Carmelite records 
under their religious names. In an old obituary appears the notice of the 
death at Richmond on 24 March 1797 of Fr. Edward Palmer, Discalced 
Carmelite, aged 46. Fr. Monk signs the last entry in the first book on 
13 April of the same year. The second is started before the end of that 
year by 

Rev. James Peters, who was then in charge of the mission. He followed 
his brothers, Charles and Andrew, to Sedgley Park School in 1771, and 
like them proceeded to Douay College in 1775, where he was admitted on 
Jan. 29. There he was ordained priest in 1789, and on May 25 of that 
year set out for the English mission, and was placed at Midhurst, Surrey, 
where he remained till he came to Richmond. 

In 1822 a new church in the Vineyard was erected in the classical style 
by Miss Elizabeth Doughty. According to tradition the architect and 
builders expended the enormous sum of ,24,000 upon what was but a small 
and inconvenient building. J Part of this may have been due to costly 

* Richmond Registers, Sun-ey Par. Reg. Sac. 

f Ibid. The entry reads, " 1736/7 Mar. 19. Trevanion, esqr." 

j If the Inst cypher be omitted it would be dear enough ! Perhaps it has been 
added, and the story also? J. S. II. 


foundations, but this could not have accounted for such an extravagant 
sum, and it is said that the benefactress was so disgusted with the result of 
her outlay that she never re-entered the church after her first inspection. 
It was opened by Bishop Poynter, V.A L.D., on July 6, 1824, and it was 
dedicated to St. Elizabeth, the patron saint of the foundress. 

In 1839, owing to advancing years, Mr. Peters withdrew from the 
mission, and retired to St. Leonards-on-the-Sea, where he died at All Souls, 
as the temporary chapel was called, Jan. 25, 1848, aged 84. 

Rev. Robert S. Hodgson replaced Mr. Peters in the Vineyard in 1839. 
Mr. Hodgson went to the college at Old Hall Green in Feb. 1821, was 
ordained priest on Sept. 19, 1829, and was retained on the professorial staff 
till 1831. He served in London, finally at Hammersmith, whence he came 
to Richmond. Here he remained till 1848, then went to Golden Square, in 
1850 to Southwark, 1851 to Weybridge, 1855 to Woolhampton, and 1869 to 
Upper Holloway, till death, Dec. 27, 1871. 

Rev. John Baptist Hearn, 1848-51, assisted by Rev. Henry Rymer 
1848-50, Rev. J. G. Wenham 1850, Revv. Robt. S. Hodgson again, Sebas 
tian Faenza, and Wm. MacHarron during Jan.-Aug. 1851. 

Rev. John Tilt, who had been educated at Sedgley Park and Old Hall, 
whence he came on the mission in 1839, was at Sheerness till 1842, Canter 
bury till 1846, and Tichborne till 1851, when he came to Richmond. He 
remained till 1856, when he retired in ill-health and died at Norwood, 
Sept. 10, 1859. 

Rev. John Bernard Bagshawe came in 1856. He was ordained priest 
at Oscott, March 15, 1851, and had been Chaplain to the Forces during the 
Crimean War, 1854-6. In 1882 he received the honorary degree of D.D., 
and in 1887 became a member of the Southwark Chapter. He was the 
author of The Threshold of the Church, and other well-known works. At 
one period it was intended to have raised him to the episcopacy. He 
remained here till his death, Oct. 31, 1901. 

Rev. George Barrett, D.D., 1901 to date." 

[Pages 1-4 cut out.] BOOK i 

Born April the tenth 5 [page] 

1794 nth April [in margin]. Baptized in my presence in the 
Chap 1 of Richmond C of Surrey, by the R* Rev d Philip Francis 
D Albignac. Bishop of Angueleme in France Gaston Francis Christo 
pher Victor Son of Gaston Peter Mark Duke De Levis Colonel in the 
Service of France born april tenth And of Pauline Louisa Francis 
de Paule D Ennry joined in lawful Wedlock. 

Sponsors. Christopher Dominic Mary Vincent Marquis De Spinola 
Noble Genevan * and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of 
Genoa at the Court of Great Brittain Married to Gabriel Frances 
Margret D Levis Aunt of the Child. And Rose Benedict D Arlesso 
Relict of Victor Teresa Charpentier D Ennry governor general of the 
french Islands in America grandmother of the Child. 

Witnesses present who signed on the other side. 
(Page 6). Gaston Pierre Marc due de Levis. 

Rose Benedicte Dalesso D Ennry. 

cristophe dominique marie vincent Spinola. 

charles raymond hismidon Comte de Beranger. 

Gabrielle Francoise Marguerite de Levis Spinola. 

* Genoese. This gives the impression of his being from Geneva instead of 


Louis henry C te D arbouville. Jean, Louis, Claude Desessement 
pretre frangois. 

^ ph. fr. ev. D Angouleme. 

In my presence Tho 8 Monk Missioner. 

Baptized Adelaide Castolin on the 2yth May, born on the 23 d of 
said month Daughter of Martin Joseph Castelin natif of Liege And 
Mary Catherine Henrietta De Fer of Paris joined in lawful Wedlock 
both residing at Twickenham County of Middlesex. Sponsors, 
Tropheme Gerard Count De Lally Tolendal Knight Baronet of 
Ireland And Adelaide Felicite Henrietta De Monconseil Princess 
D Henin late maid of honour to the Queen of France. 

By me Tho 8 Monk Missioner. 

[The following are close up.] 1795 

(7) Baptized on the loth January 95 Mary Williams born on the 8th 
of the same month at Barnes C of Surrey Daughter of Maria Perfect 
& W m Williams. Sponsors, Sarah Elles, & Cha s Barlow, by me 
Tho 8 Monk. 

Baptized Mary Fitzgerald on the nth February, born on the 2 d of 
the same month, legitimate child of Ellen Frant & Mich 1 Fitzgerald 
both residing at Richmond Surrey. Sponsors, Elizabeth Mather & 
Terence o Donnel. By me Tho 8 Monk. 

(8) 1795, 3 d May, Baptized Charles Barlow son of Hanah & Chads 
Barlow joined in lawful Wedlock born on the 24th may 1789 in the 
parish of Barnes C of Surry. Sponsors, Sarah Eales by proxy for 
Anne Barlow and Tho 8 Magarth by me Tho 8 Monk, Missioner. 

(9) J 795> J 4 May. Was baptized Charles John Claudius Lewis, born 
on the 1 3th of said month, legitimate child of the R fc hon ble Lewis 
Marquis De Caillebot Major in the service of France, and of the 
R fc hon ble Lady Anne Renee Margueret Henrieta Des Vergers De 
Maupertuis [Sanois x d out, Lanois in margin] his Wife. 

Sponsors. The R* hon ble John James le Merle Count De Beaufond 
Officer in the Service of France & Cousin Germain to the Marchioness 
De Caillebot and the R fc hon ble Lady Anne Elizabeth [Rose above] 
Osmond Countess D argout by proxy for the R* hon ble Lady Mary 
Claudia Elizabeth De Caillebot Aunt of the child and Spouse of the 
R* 1 hon ble Constantine Frederick Thimoleon. (10) Count Du Pare 
De Lomaria Chief of the house De la Motte du Pare in Brittany and 
Lord Du Mesnil au val, Barville La Hayc, S fc Sauveur and haute ville 
in Normandy. In the R C Chap 1 of Richmond County of Surrey by 
the R 1 Rev d Bishop of Comminge. [sign] *J* Ant. enst .osmond Bishop 
of Cominges in france. anne ilisabeth rose, osmond ct sse d argout. Le 
Merle de beaufond. Louis Marquis de Caillebot major en Second au 
Service du roy de france. 

In my presence and at my request. Tho 8 Monk 

(n) 1795 Baptized on the 22 d June George John Baptist Lewis born 
on the 2ist of said month legitimate child of John Baptist Charles De 
Gouzon De Thuisy Marquis of Thuisy Count of S* 1 Souplet Baron of 
Passy in Valois hereditary Seneschal of the Citty of Rheims Knight of 
the royal and military order of S fc Lewis and titular Knight of the 
order of S 1 John of Jerusalem. Colonel of infantry in the service of 
his most Christian Majesty the King of France. And of Lady Catherine 


Philibcrte Frances De Berulle his Wife both exiled from France by 
the revolution and residing for the present at Richmond C of Surrey, 

(12) the Sponsors were Amable John Baptist Lewis Jerome De Gouzon 
De Thuisy eldest Brother of the Baptized. And Albertine Louisa 
Melanie De Gouzon De Thuisy his Sister who have both signed with 
the Father. Amable de Thuisy. Melanie de Thuisy. le Mis de thuisy. 
By me Tho 8 Monk, Missioner of the R.C. Chap 1 at Richmond, Surrey. 


(13) 1796. Jan y 3oth. Baptized William Ennis son of Peter Ennis 
& Margaret Abingdon joined in lawful Wedlock and residing at 
Petersham. Sponsors, Mary Robbins & Terence O Donnell. Witness, 
James Wilson & Jn Veal, by me Tho 8 Monk. 

Apr 1 29, 1796. Baptized Anne Fitzgerald legitimate child of Mich 1 & 
Eleanor Front born on the 23 d april 96. Sponsors, Miss Anne Bradshaw 
& Rob* Wheble both of Richmond. By me Tho 8 Monk Missioner. 

(14) 29th Aug fc 1796. Baptized Anne Worth born on the 27 Aug 1 
Daughter of Rose Anna Moore & Abel Worth. Sponsors Catherine 
Bellengham & Tho s Monk at Isleworth. By me Tho s Monk of Rich 
mond, Missioner. 

Sept. 20, 1796. Baptized Sophia Cuthbert born on the i9th legitimate 
child of W m Cuthbert <Sc Margaret Thompson. Sponsors W m Milan 
& Elean r Ganderton at Richmond, by me Tho 8 Monk. 

(15) 1796 Baptized on the 19 October Francis Achilles Son of Peter 
Mavarre and Benedictine Leandra joined in lawful Wedlock, both 
from France & at present residing at Richmond. Sponsors Francis 
Le Comte and Mary Anne Pisotte. By me Tho 8 Monk. 

25 Nov r 1796. Baptized Lewis Stephen son of Lewis Gauthon & Jane 
Keiffer born 24 Nov r 1796. Sponsors Stephen Lewis Ferron Marquis 
De La Ferronnays & Jane Rose Morell De Charnay. By me Tho 8 
Monk. I797 

(16) Baptized on the 13 april 1797 Henry Frederick Joseph Laurens 
born on the 3 d legitimate child of Lewis Marquis De Caillebot La 
Salle Major en second in the Service of France Lord of La Haye du 
Puis in lower Normandi, Bivelle la Martel in Caux, Baron of La Brosse 
Count De Roussillon Lord of Chapt and Lapt Fay & other places in 
Dauphinie & Velay. And of Madam Anne Renees Margaret Henrietta 
Des Vergers De Maupertuis Sanois Marchioness De Caillebot. 

The Sponsors were Rob* 1 Maurice Count D Argout Major en Second 
in the Service of France by proxy for Constantine Frederic Thimoleon 
Count Du Park of Brittany Lord of Mesnil au val Barville la Hay S fc 
Sauveur hautville in Normandi uncle of the Child, present Joseph 
Leeson Baron & viscount Russbourough. Earl of Millboivie (17) and 
Mary Frances Laurea Girardin Dillon Countess Dillon. Witnesses Peter 
Alexander De La Touche Count De LaTouche. By me Tho 8 Monk. 

Girardin Dillon. 

REGISTER OF BAPTISMS. From the Catholic Chapel of St. Elizabeth at 
Richmond. Containing seventeen pages including this page [Jas. 
Peters Miss. Aplc x* out.] 
[Seventeen blank pages finish the book ; but as four were at the 

beginning, the same number may have been here.] 


Baptisms [on cover]. [A folio and top of another at the beginning 
have been cut out ; but the next page is numbered " i ".] 

Register of Baptisms 

(1) 1797 

Die quinta mensis [Decembris x 4 out, Novembris above] 1797 natus 
et die decima octava mensis Decembris baptizatus fuit Jacobus Innes 
filius Petri et Margaritas Innes conjugum : Patrinus fuit Daniel O Brien, 
matrina Sarah Richards. A me Jacobo Peters Misso Ap. 


Die 1 8 Januarii 1798 nati, et eadem die Baptizati fuere Daniel et 
Jacobus Scully filii Mauritii et Joannas Scully conjugum : Patrinus fuit 
Joannes Sullivan, Matrina Maria Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 1 6 Aprilis 1798 nata et eadem die baptizata fuit Teresia Green 
wood, filia Caroli et Saras Greenwood (olim Pullen) conjugum : Sponsores 
Gulielmus et Teresia Wakeman. a me Jacobo Peters. Mss Ap co . 

[ J 799] 

(2) Die 24 mensis Maii 1799 nata et die 26 Mail baptizata fuit Elizabeth 
Tims filia Jacobi et Marias Tims conjugum : Patrinus fuit Joannes Ross, 
Matrina Elizabeth Ross. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Le vingt Aout L anne mil sept cent quatre ving dix neuf je sousigne 
Jaque Peters dan le Diocesse de Londre certifie avoir baptize a Rich 
mond Surrey en Angletere le fils de Mons r [Jacque x? out] Louis MI IS 
de Caillebot Lasalle et de Dame Anne de Maupertuis Marquis de 
Caillebot sa fame ses pere et mere. Le Parrain a ete Mons. Jaque 
Louis Cathrine de Beaufond et la marraine L honerable Marie Petre. 
Le nom donne a 1 enfant nee le vingt deux Aout est celui de George 
Louis. Jacque Peters Pretre Anglois. 

[The following is written on a piece of paper sewn on p. 3, with 
duplicate numbers 2 and 3.] 

(2) Je certifie a qui il appartiendra que 1 enfant de haut et puissant 
Seigneur Messire frederic Seraphin Conte de La Tour du pin-governet 
et de Dame Henriette Lucie Dillon, ne, a Richmond Surrey en angleterre 
Le neuf Septembre mil sept cent quatre vingt dix huit, a ete ondoye, 
Le quatorse du meme mois, par permission qui m a ete accordee, par 
moy sous signe pp. p. frangois Ernult p tre Chapelain de Rasue au 
diocese de Sies En foi de quoi j ai Signe le present pour valoir et 
servir ce que de raison: Richmond le quinze Septembre sus ditto 
annee. Ernult, ptre. Ch. de Rasue. 

[Here follows an entry scored out.] 

Le Treize Novembre mil sept cent quatre vingt dix huit apres 
midi par moi pp. p. f. Ernult pretre sous signe ; revetu du pouvoir qui 
m a ete accorde ; j ai a 1 Hotel de son Altesse M" 6 La princesse D Henin, 
Supplee Les ceremonies du Bapteme a Edouard frangois william gerard 
ne Le neuf Septembre et ondoye Le quatorse de La presente annee ; 
Suivant que j en ai fait plus ample mention au Registre du Bapteme de 
La Chapelle de Richmond Surry Le quinze Septembre dernier ; Le dit 
Edouard francois william gerard fils legitime de haut et puissant Seigneur 
Messire Seraphin frederic Comte de La Tour du pin-governet et de 
Dame Henriette Lucie Dillon son epouse : nomine par Sir william 


Jerningam Baronet d angleterre et Honorable francoise dillon Jerningam 
oncle et tante maternels : Le parrain re presente par haut et puissant 
Seigneur Messire Trophime gerard Comte de Lally Tolendal, (3) 
Baronet d yrlande et La maraine represented par Margueritte arlot de 
pierrefont Soissonnois. En vertu de la procuration des parrain et 
marraine envoyee de leur Terre de Cossey en Norfolk, sous la date 
du vingt Septembre dernier; les pere et mere presents. En foi de 
quoi j ai signe le present pour valoir et servir ce que de raison. a Rich 
mond Surry en angleterre Le dit jour et an que dessus. Ernult, ptre. 


Anno Domini 1799. baptizata fuit Elizabeth die 26 mensis Maii. 
nata 24 ejusdem. Filia Jacobi et Marise Tims conjugum. Patrini fuere 
Joannes et Elizabeth Ross, a me Jac. Peters Missario Aplo apud 

Le treizieme juillet de 1 annee mil sept cent quatre vingt dix neuf je 
sousigne Jean baptiste Jacquart Vicaire d Hannasses dans le diocese de 
Reims certifie avoir baptise a Teddington bushy pare, apres en avoir 
obtenu la permission signee en datte du seize avril mil sept cent quatre 
vingt dix neuf: merle de grand clos vicaire general de monseigneur 
1 eveque de Londres, et avec 1 agrement de monsieur petre pretre chef 
de la chapelle publique pour les Catholiques a richmond Surrey, la fille 
de pierre gallarme et de anne therese Selose les pere et mere maries 
ensemble et tous deux au service de M r le Marquis et de M de la 
Marquise de duras. le parrain represent^ par philibert auguste neuman 
a etc Jacques la motte et la marraine Marie Jeanne coilot dont 1 un. 

[Here ends the sheet sewn on p. 3, and the body of the book is 


(3) Die 17 mensis Maii 1800 natus et die 19 Junii baptizatus fuit 
Franciscus Innes, filius Petri et Margaritas Innes conjugum Patrini 
fuere Gulielmus Carter Joannes Barret, Matrina Maria Parker. A me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 18 Augusti 1800 nata et die i a Septembris baptizata fuit Maria 
Macchoan filia Bartholomsei et Maria? Macchoan (olim Morren) con 
jugum : Patrinus fuit Patricius Higgins. a me Jacobo Peters Mss 
Ap co . 


Die 27 Februarii 1801 nata et die quinta Martii baptizata fuit Anna 
[Eals x? out, Oliver above] filia Thomas et Sarae Oliver (olim Eals) con 
jugum : Matrina fuit Anna Eals. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 23 Martii 1801 nata et die 29 baptizata fuit Sarah Tims filia 
Jacobi et Marise Tims (olim Ross) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Gulielmus 
Heath, Matrina Sarah Heath, a me Jac. Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 24 Julii 1801 natus et die 5 Augusti baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Bennet, filius Gulielmi (4) et Franciscse Bennet (olim Custence) con 
jugum : Patrinus fuit Joannes Roberts, matrina Maria Bennet. A me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 


Die 29 Januarii [1802 above] natus et die 7 Martii baptizatus fuit 
Gulielmus Inness, filius Petri et Margaritas Inness (olim Ovington) 


conjugum : Patrinus fuit Joannes Howell, matrina Susanna Marcham. 
a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 25 Martii 1802 natus et die 25 Aprilis baptizatus fuit Carolus 
Curtin filius Joannis et Hellense Curtin (olim M ac Carthy) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Jacobus Mac Carthy. A me Ja 110 Peters. 

Die 8 Septembris 1802 natus et die 12 baptizatus fuit Carolus 
Philibertus Ludovicus Andreas Corbin filius Marin Petri et Anna? 
Corbin les Bossieur (olim Boyer) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Joannes 
Baptista Carolus de Goujon De Tuisy Marquis de Tuisy, matrina 
Catharina Philibert Francisca de Berulle Marquise de Thuisy. a me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 

(5) Die 10 mensis Octobris 1802 nata et die 12 baptizata fuit Maria 
Anna Bennet filia Gulielmi et Francisca? Bennet (olim Custence) con 
jugum. Patrinus fuit Thomas Gander, Matrina Maria Bennet. a me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 10 Novembris 1802 natus et die 13 baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Morton filius Isaac et Catharine Morton (olim Bignor) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Gulielmus Wilkins, matrina Hellena Taylor, a me Jacobo 
Peters Mss Ap co . 


Die 25 Aprilis 1803 natus et die 22 Junii baptizatous fuit Andreas 
Dignum filius Thomas et Lillius Dignum conjugum Patrinus fuit 
Carolus Dignum. a me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 


Die 5 mensis Febuarii 1804 baptizata fuit Hellena Curtin filia 
Joannis et Hellenae Curtin (olim Mac Carthy) conjugum Patrinus fuit 
Thomas Curtin. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap. 

Die 23 Augusti 1804 natus et die 21 baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Ricardus Bennet filius Gulimi et Franciscae Bennet (olim Custance) (6) 
conjugum : Patrinus fuit Joannes Siddons, Matrina Anna Pollard, a 
me Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 


Die 20 Januarii 1805 nata et die 29 baptizata fuit Catharina 
Manning, filia Philippi et Mariae Manning (olim Atkins) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Danniel Gardner a me Jacb Peters. 

Die 10 Martii 1805 nata et die 20 baptizata fuit Margarita Mulcahy 
filia Thomae et Mariae Mulcahy olim O Brien conjugum. Patrinus 
Danniel Mac Carthy, Matrina Anna Riadan : A me Jacobo Peters Mss 
Ap co . 

Die 26 Novembris 1804 nata et die 16 Junii 1805 baptzata fuit 
Amelia Kendon filia Georgii et Mariae Kendon (olim Layfield) conjugum. 
Matrina fuit Margarita Calday. a me Jac l>0 Peters. 

Die 15 Septembris 1805 nata et die 14 Octobris baptizata fuit 
Juliana Espinasse filia Henrici Gulielmi et Mariae Espinasse (olim 
Petre) conjugum. Patrinus fuit Georgius Robertus Petre, matrina 
Juliana Lady Petre. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 


(7) Die 8 Januarii 1806 natus et die 12 baptizatus fuit Robertus Lee 
filius Ricardi et Marios Lee (olim [Morici changed to Moricy]). Patrinus 
fuit Jacobus Peters. A me Jacobo Peters Miss Apc. 

Die 1 8 Martii 1806 et die 23 baptizata fuit Judith Cunningham filia 


Matthsei et Catharinoe Cunningham (olim Lawler) conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Ricardus Manchrith, matrina Catharina Cunningham. A me 
Jacobo Peters Miss Apc. 

Die 10 Martii 1806 et die 23 baptizata fuit Sarah Egan filia Joannis 
et Margaritas Egan (olim Meryman). Patrinus fuit Michael Brady, 
matrina Anna Nary. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 

Die 20 Martii 1806 et die 10 Aprilis baptizatus fuit Thomas Myles 
Bennet filius Gulielmi et Francises Bennet (olim Custence) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Robertus Wheble, matrina Anna Wheble. A me Jacobo 
Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 29 Junii 1806 nata et die 13 Julii baptizata fuit Sarah Oliver 
filia Thomas et Sarah Oliver (olim Ells) conjugum. Patrinus fuit 
Marcus * (8) Kemply, Matrina Anna Ells : a me Jacobo Peters Mss" 
Ap co . 

Die 2 a Junii 1806 natus et die 28 baptizatus fuit Jacobus Petrus 
Tasker filius Jacobi et Priscillae Tasker (olim Rissbridger) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Rev. Jacobus Tasker, Matrina Anna Petrella Hartsink. A 
me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 


Die 28 Januarii 1805 nata et die 25 Januarii 1807 baptizata fuit 
(sub conditione) Catharina Fitzmoris filia Joannis et Honnoras Fitz- 
morris (olim Welsh). Patrinus fuit Thomas Ward, matrina Maria 
Welsh, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 22 Octobris natus die vero 25 Januarii 1807 baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Fitzmorris [filius Joannis et Honnorae Fitzmoris above] (olim 
Welsh). Patrinus fuit Thomas Ward, Matrina Maria Welsh. A me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 22 Octobris natus t die vero 25 Januarii 1807 baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Fitzmoris filius Joannis et Hononoras Fitzmoris (olim Welsh). 
Patrinus fuit Thomas Ward, Matrina Maria Welsh. A me Jacobo Peters. 

Die ii Martii 1807 nata et die 27 Aprilis baptizata fuit Amelia 
Maria Francisca Gould filia Francisci et Maria? Gould (olim Bronton). 
Patrinus fuit Rev. Jacobus Archer, a me Jacob Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 10 Aprilis 1807 nata et die 3 Maii baptzata fuit Maria Flesh 
filia Hugonis et Marias (9) Flesh (olim Mac Ealse) conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Joannes Flesh, matrina Margarita Swin, a me Jacobo Peters Mss 
Apl co . 

Die ii Maii 1807 natus et die 17 baptizatus fuit Thomas Myles 
Bennet filius Gulielmi et Franciscse Bennet olim Custence) conjugum. 
Sponsores fuere Robertus Wheble et Maria Ann Wheble. A me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Apl 00 . 

Die 20 Aprilis 1807 natus et die 24 Maii baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Petrus Edwards filius Gulielmi et Margarita? Edwards (olim Burton) 
conjugum. Patrinus fuit Petrus Corbain, matrina Emelia Hartsink. 
A me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 1 8 Julii nata 1807 et die 18 Julii baptizata fuit Catharina Anna 
Maria Lee filia Richardi et Mariae Lee olim Morrisey conjugum. 

* Note a Mark Kempley, of Everingham parents, baptized at Holme on Spalding 
Moor, 15 Sept. 1781. C.X.S. iv. 288. 

t What looks like "1836 et die" is here crossed out: but that year is im 


Patrinus fuit Jacobus Bolton Lee, matrina Elizabetth Hurley, a me 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 28 Julii 1807 nata et die 9 Augusti baptiza fuit Margarita 
Kelly filia Joannis et Annas Kelly (olim Cuff). Patrinus fuit Patricius 
Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters. Mss Ap co . 

(10) Die 17 Julii 1807 nata et die 7 Septembris baptizata fuit Catharina 
Battis filia Nicolai et Elizabeth Battis olim Barry. Patrinus fuit 
Gulielmus Dickson, Matrina Anna Petrella Hartsinck, a me Jacobo 

Die 27 Augusti 1807 nata et die 20 Septembris baptizatus fuit 
Richardus Murphy filius Gulielmi et Marias Murphy olim Delve). 
Patrino fuit Henricus Sedley, matrina Joanna Sedley, a me Jacobo 
Peters, Mss Ap co . 

Die 12 Januarii 1795 nata et die n Octobris 1807 baptizata fuit 
sub conditione Maria Battis filia Nicolai et Elizabeth Battis (olim 
Barry). Patrinus fuit Henricus Sedley, matrina Gulielmus Dickninson. 
A me Jacobo Peters Miss Ap co . 

Die 27 Decembris nata et baptizata fuit Maria Magrath filia 
Dionisii et Catharine Magrath olim Lion) conjugu. Patrinus fuit 
Ricardus Kirk, Matrina Catharina Sulivan, a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 25 Decembris 1807 natus et die i a Januarii (u) 1808 bap 
tizatus fuit Jacobyf?] Hog filius Jacobi et Marine Hog (olim Burne). 
Patrinus fuit Michael Mollyns, Matrina Catharina Broderick. a me 
J bo Peters. 


Die i a Septembris 1807 nata et die n Novembris baptizata fuit 
Francisca Eulalee Kendon filia Georgii et Marias Kendon (olim Lay- 
field) conjugum. Patrinus fuit Georgius Layfield, matrina Francisca 
Boyer. a me Jacobo Peters Miss Ap. 


Die 3 a Januarii 1808 nata et die 25 baptizata fuit Elizabeth Gary 
filia Edwardi et Sarah Gary olim M c Gan. Matrina Catharina Welsh 
a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 

Die 3 a Martii 1808 natus et die 18 baptizatus fuit Joannes Oliver 
filius Thomas et Sarah Oliver (olim Eals) conjugu. Matrina Anna 
Eals. a Jacobo Peters Mss Apc. 

Die 10 Aprilis 1808 natus et die 14 baptizatus fuit Josephus Petrus 
Franciscus Corbain filius Marini Petri et Annas Corbain les Boissieres 
(olim Corbain) conjugum. Patrinus fuit Rev dus Josephus Germain, 
Matrina Magdalena Eduard a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 21 Martii 1808 et die 28 Aprilis baptizatus fuit Thomas 
Grosvenor filius Michaelis (12) et Esther Grosvenor (olim Harris). 
Matrina fuit Elizabeth White, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die [21 x? out] Martii 1807 natus et die 8 a Junii 1808 baptizatus fuit 
sub conditione Georgius Hall filius Georgii et Margaritas Hall (olim 
O Neil). Matrina fuit Anna Norris. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 4 Septembris 1808 nata et die 8 a baptizata fuit Ludovica 
Bennet filia Gulielmi et Franciscas Bennet (olim Custence) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Gulielmo Bennet, Matrina Maria Weine a Jacobo Peters 
Mss Apl co . 



Die 25 Septembris 1808 nata et die g Octobris baptizata fnit Maria 
Callaghan filia Thomas et Birgittae Callaghan (olim Lanhaghan) con- 
jugu. Patrinus fuit Timotheus Maghnian, Matrina Margarita Bon 
a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die i a Novembris 1808 natus et die 5* baptizatus fuit Michael 
Jordan filius Thomae et Maria? Jordan (olim Dolly) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Owen Higgins, Matrina Maria Murray, a me Jacobo 
Peters Mss Apl co . 

(13) Die 10 Novembris 1808 nata et die 16 baptizata fuit Margarita 
Farry filia Francisci et Margaritas Farry (olim Connor) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Jacobus Haughter, Matrina Anna Mollin, a me Jacobo 


Die ii Januarii 1809 nata et die 17 baptizata fuit Maria Tasker 
filia Jacobi et Priscae Tasker (olim Ressbriger) conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Rev* 1118 P. Jacobus Tasker, Matrina Anna Hartsink, a me Jacobo 

Die 27 Januarii 1809 natus et die i a Februarii baptizatus fuit 
Ricardus Daugherty filius Bernardi et Rosanae Daugherty olim Larna- 
ghan. Sponsores fuere David Conol et Joanna Kavanagh. a me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 22 Februarii 1809 nata et diei a Aprilis baptizata fuit Anna 
Edwards filia Gulielmi et Margaritae Edwards (olim Burton) conjugum. 
Sponsores Joannes Baptista d Pleux et Magdelena Jacquart a me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Aplc. 

Die 21 Martii 1809 nata et die 21 Aprilis baptizata fuit Hellena 
Coffey filia Patricii et Allice Coffey (olim Ferns) conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Daniel (14) Duan, matrina Anna Mullens, a me Jacobo Peters 
Mss Aplc. 

Die 9 Julii 1809 nata et die 16 baptizata fuit Amelia Burk, filia 
Gulielmi et Anna? Burk olim Pain) conjugu. Patrinus fuit Jacobus 
Magaurain, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 6 Octobris 1809 natus et die 22 baptizatus fuit Thomas Worey 
filius Julianse Worey. Sponsores ftrere Carolus Hocq, Catharina 
Ortner. a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 22 Octobris 1809 nata et die 27 baptizata fuit Maria Oliver 
filia Thomae et Sarae Oliver (olim Ells) conjugum. Sponsores fuere 
Thomas Oliver et Priscilla Tasker, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Decembris 1809 natus et die 31 baptizatus fuit Thomas 
Jordan filius Thomae et Mariae Jordan (olim Dolly) conjugum. 
Matrina fuit Maria Best, a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 12 Februarii 1810 natus et die 18 baptizatus fuit Georgius 
Ludovicus Patricius Kendon filius Georgii et Mariae Kendon (olim (15) 
Layfield) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Jernyson O Riley. a me Jacobo 
Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 17 Februarii 1810 nata et die n Martii baptizata fuit Teresia 
Syncock filia Joannis et Catharinae Syncock (olim Maclockin) con 
jugum. Matrina fuit Hannah Skete. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 9 Maii 1810 natus et die 13 baptizatus fuit Emmanuel 
Edwardus Stanislaus Corbain de Boissiers filius Marini Petri et 


Annae Corbain des Boissieur (olim Boyier) conjugum Sponsores fuere 
Josephus Le Fevre de Beaumont, Magdelena Edhuard. a me Jacobo 

Die 27 Junii 1810 nata et die 30 baptizata fuit Elizabeth Genovefa 
Fox filia Patricii et Elizabeth Fox (olim Scanlan) conjugum. Matrina 
Margarita Magill : a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 30 Julii 1810 natus et die 9 Augusti baptizatus fuit Ricardus 
Bennet films Gulielmi et Franciscan Bennet olim Custence) conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Elizabeth Flint, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 9 Augusti 1808 nata et die 14 Novembris 1810 bapt-(i6)-izata 
fuit Elizabeth Nicols filia Gulielmi et Sarah Nicols Matrina fuit Maria 
Waine, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 14 Novembris 1810 natus et die 23 baptizatus fuit Eduardus 
O Meily filius Thomse et Bergittse O Meily olim O Meily) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Rev. Jacobus Peters, a me Jacobus Peters, apud 

Die 16 Novembris 1810 nata et die 28 baptizata fuit Cecilia Dardis 
filia Gulielmi et Birgittae Dardis olim Caddell) conjugum : Sponsores 
fuere Georgius Dardis, Caeciliae Picoult. a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 14 Martii 1811 natus etdie 21 Aprilis baptizatus fuit * David [et 
Marthae above] Lane olim Burges Sponsores Georgius Kaine, Caroletta 
Harty. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 22 Maii 1811 natus et die 20 Junii baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Tasker filius Jacobi et Priscillae Tasker olim Rissbridger) conjugum : 
Sponsores fuere Rev d Jacobus Tasker, Sarah Oliver, a me Jacobo 

Die 8 Junii 1811 natus et die 16 Julii baptizatus fuit David 
Edwards filius Gulielmi et Margaritas Edwards olim Burton conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Maria Waine. a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 
(17) Die 12 Septembris 1811 natus et die 22 baptizatus fuit Henricus 
Grosvenor filius Joannis et Esther Grosvenor (olim Harris) conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Marcus Kempley, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 26 Septembris 1811 natus et die 6 Octobris babzatus fuit 
Gulielmus Kays filius Thomse et Annae Kays olim Burn) con 
jugum : Patrinus fuit Jacobus Mac Mahan, Maria Lynch, a me 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 6 Septembris 1811 natus et die 13 baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Collins filius Eduardi et Rosae Collins olim Cannavan) conjugum, 
Sponsores fuere Owen Collens, Anna Gillagan. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Octobris 1811 natus et die 29 babtizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Barret filius [Gulielmi x" out, Jacobi above] et Hellenae Barrett (olim 
Shee) conjugum. Matrina fuit Maria Jordain. a me Jacobo Peters 
Mss Apl co . 

Die 21 Octobris 1811 nata et die i a Novembris baptizata fuit 
Joanna Oliver filia Thomas et Sarah Oliver (olim Ealls) conjugum 
Matrina fuit Priscilla Tasker. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 20 Decembris 1811 natus et die 23 bapt-(i8)-izatus fuit 

* Perhaps an omission. If "et Martha;" had not been interlined, it would have 
read as the baptism of David. 


Robertus Bennet filius Gulielmi et Franciscae Bennet olim Custence 
conjugum. Sponsores fuere Robertus Wheble, Maria Anna Wheble, 
a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 


Die 25 Aprilis 1812 natus et die n Maii baptzatus fuit Thomas 
Aldworth filius Thomae et Sarae Aldworth (olim Warkworth) con 
jugum : Sponsores fuere Patricius Sullivan, Catharina Sullivan, a 
me Jacobo Peters Miss Apl co . 

Die 9 Junii 1812 nata et die 25 Julii baptizata fuit Hellena 
Costello filia Mills et Marise Costello olim Doland conjugum : Matrina 
fuit Mariae Waine. a me Jacobo Peters Miss Apl co . 

Die 27 Novembris 1797 natus et die 15 Decembris 1812 sub con- 
ditione baptizatus fuit Gulielmus Welsh filius Joannis et Birgittae 
Welsh (olim Crenan) conjugum : a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Octobris 1799 natus et die 15 Decembris 1812 sub con- 
ditione baptizatus fuit Jacobus Welsh filius Joannis et Birgittae Welsh 
olim Crenan) conjugum. a me Jacobo Peters. 


(19) Die 27 Maii 1813 natus et die 6 Junii baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Sullivan filius Patricii et Sarae Sullivan olim Kempsit conjugum : 
Sponsores fuere Joannes Sullivan, Margarita Feland, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 8 Augusti 1813 natus et die 18 baptizatus fuit Joannes Tasker 
filius Jacobi et Priscillse Tasker olim Rissbridger conjugum : Sponsore 
fuere Patricius Sulivan, Margarita Moore, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Augusti 1813 natus et die 18 Septembris baptizatus fuit 
Gulielmus Decousy filius Gulielmi et Catharinae Decousy (olim Glyn) 
conjugum. Matrina fuit Anna Glyson. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 30 Septembris 1813 nata et die 10 Octobris baptizata fuit 
Francisca Oliver filia Thomae et Sarah Oliver olim Eals conjugum. 
Sponsores fuere Marcus Kemply, Anna Eals. a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 1 8 Februarii 1814 natus et die 7 Martii baptizatus fuit Jacobus 
Aldworth filius Thomae et Sarae Aldworth olim Walker conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Patricius Megenerty, Matrina Elizabeth Megenerty. a 
me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

(20) Die i a Martii 1814 natus et die 13 baptizatus fuit Georgius 
Jacobus Grosvenor filius Michaelis et Esther Grosvenor olim Harris 
conjugum. Patrinus fuit Thomas Niell, Matrina Sarah Conden. A 
me Jacobo Peters Mss Ap co . 

Die 21 Januarii 1814 natus et die 27 Martii baptizatus fuit 
Georgius Benjamin Hostler filius Gulielmi et Elizabeth Hostler olim 
Leson conjugum. Matrina Anna Leson. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 21 Maii 1814 natus et die 10 Junii baptizatus fuit Thomas 
Barrett filius Jacobi et Hellenae Barrett olim Shay conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Joannes Fitzpatrick, Matrina Catharina Curry. A me Jacobo 
Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 25 Septembris 1814 natus et die 2 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Vincentius Gandolfi filius Joannis Vincentii et Teresiae Gan 
dolfi olim Hornyhold conjugum. Patrinus fuit Franciscus Gandolfi, 
matrina Birgitta Hornyhold, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 6 Augusti 1814 natus et die 19 baptizatus fuit Georgius Bennel 


filius Gulielmi et Franciscan (21) Bennet olim Custence conjugum. 
Sponsores fuere Thomas Gander, Maria Bennet a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 5 Augusti 1814 nata et 19 Octobris baptizata fuit Maria 
Edwards filia Gulielmi et Margaritas Edwards (olim Burton) con 
jugum : Sponsores fuere Gulielmus Duneclift, Margarita Valentine, 
a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 26 Novembris 1814 natus et die [7 Januarii x d out, 30 baptizatus 
above] fuit Augustus Carolus Ricardus Xaverius Troisi filius Antonii et 
Marias Josephi Troisi olim Georgo conjugum : Patrinus fuit Augustus 
Comte de la Feeronney.* A me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 31 Octobris 1814 natus et die 12 Decembris baptizatus fuit 
Thomas Cox filius Thomas et Marias Cox (olim Hillier) conjugum. 
Patrinus fuit Jacobus Newman, Matrina Margarita Moore, a Jacobo 


Die ii Maii 1815 natus et die 25 baptizatus fuit Jacobus Cusack 
filius Bryan et Marias Cusack (olim Richardson) conjugum : Sponsores 
fuere Driscol Florence, Maria Smith a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Junii 1815 nata et die 4 Julii baptizata fuit Hellena Nary 
filia Thomas et Birgittas Nary (22) (olim Heffernon) conjugum Patrinus 
fuit Joannes Dogharty. Matrina Maria Knard a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 9 Decembris 1815 nata et die 7 Januarii 1816 baptizata fuit 
Sarah Tasker filia Jacobi et Priscillas Tasker (olim Rissbridger) con 
jugum : Sponsores Jacobus Newman, Sarah Oliver, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Augusti 1810 natus et die 7 Januarii 1816 sub conditione 
baptizatus fuit Carolus Tunstall filius Caroli et Emmae Tunstall. 
Patrinus fuit Rev. Dominus J. Hawley. a me Jacobo Peters. 
\The follmving entry is on a piece of paper gummed to p. 22.] 

Die 8 VO aprilis 1816. Ludovicus ferdinandus filius Salvatoris Soren- 
tino et Marine anna; Morosino conjugum ex urbe neapolitana Bapti 
zatus est a me Claudio hieronimo hugot capellano serenissimi ducis 
d orleans. patrinus fuit Ludovicus philippus ferdinandus d orleans dux 
de Chartres. Matrina fuit Ludovica Maria Theresa Caroletta d orleans. 

Die 21 Aprilis 1816 natus et die 28 baptizatus fuit Carolus Jose- 
phus Crasby filius Joannis et Mariae Crasby olim Dolly t conjugum. 
Sponsores Carolus Acton, Maria Anna Acton, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 21 Aprilis 1816 nata et die 28 baptizata fuit Maria Anna 
Elizabeth Crasby filia Joannis et Marias Crasby olim Dolly t con 
jugum. Sponsores Ricardus Ferdinandus Acton, Elizabeth Acton, 
a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 20 Julii 1816 natus et die 18 Augusti baptizatus fuit Henricus 
Barrett filius Jacobi et Hellenas Barrett J olim Shea conjugum. Spon 
sores fuere (23) Thomas Nary, Margarita Ratbon, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 31 Maii 1815 nata et die i il Junii baptizata fuit || Anna Isa- 

* Mas been Feeronoy. 

t In the loose paper copy after Dolly is added "olim Jordan." 

J In the loose copy " Barret." 

S In the loose copy " Ratborn." 

|| In the loose copy preceded by " Maria." 


bella Dachenhausen filia Henrici Joannis et Isabellas Dachenhausen 
(olim Acton) conjugum. Sponsores fuere Ferdinandus Ricardus 
Acton, Maria Anna Acton, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 21 Maii 1817 nata et die i a Junii baptizata fuit Caroletta Nary 
filia Thomas et Birgittas Nary olim Heffernon * conjum : Sponsores 
Joannes Butler, Elizabeth Hosier, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 21 Septembris 1817 natus et die 4 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Michael Monohons films Laurentii : et Catharinae Monohens (olim 
MacGuines) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Marcus Kemply, Matrina Anna 
Mac Naughton, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 


Die 21 Decembris 1817 natus et die n Januarii 1818 baptizatus 
fuit Robertus t Oliver filius Thomas et Sarah Oliver olim Eals con 
jugum. Sponsores Marcus Kemply, Anna Mac [Naughton above], a me 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 14 Januarii 1818 natus et die 8 Februarii baptizatus fuit 
Georgius Tasker filius Jacobi et Priscillas (24) Tasker olim Rissbriger 
conjugum : Sponsores Joannes Dogharty, Sarah Sullivan a Jacobo 

Die 1 8 Julii 1818 natus et die 9 August! baptizatus fuit Josephus 
Collins filius Gulielmi et Grace Collins (olim Megindley J ) conjugum : 
Sponsores Marcus Kempley, Sarah Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 13 Augusti 1818 natus et die 17 baptizatus fuit Georgius 
Augustus Rowe filius Josephi et Elizabeth Rowe (olim Woddeson) 
conjugum. Sponsores Jacobus Rorauer, Isabella Stronghitharm a 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 23 Augusti 1818 nata et die 24 baptizata fuit Maria Cascilia 
Ludovica Cox filia Thomae et Mariae Cox olim Hillier conjugum : 
Sponsores fuere Ludovicus Maria de Sommery, Pulceria Cascilia de 
Sommery. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 10 Septembris 1818 natus et die 14 baptizatus fuit Henricus 
Claudius Chevasut filius Joannis Mathaei et Sarah Mariae Chevasut 
(olim Riely) conjugum : Sponsores Henricus Porter, Joanna Farril a 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 10 Septembris 1818 natus et die 14 baptizata fuit Maria Anna 
Chevasut filia Joannis Mathaei (25) et Sarah Marias Anna? Chevasut 
olim Riely) conjum. Patrinus fuit Marin Petrus Corbin, Matrina Maria 
Porter, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 12 Septembris 1818 natus et die 25 baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Kinsley filius Owen et Sarah Kinsly olim || Macnorton conjugum : 
Sponsores fuere Michael Karey, Margarita Tracy a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 28 Decembris 1818 natus et die 24 Januarii 1819 baptizatus 
fuit Joannes Barret filius Jacobi et Hellenae Barret olim Shee conju 
gum : Matrina fuit Sarah Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters. 

* In the loose copy " Hiffbrnon." 

t In loose copy " Robert Eales Oliver" and " Eales" later. 
J In loose copy " MacGirley." 
In loose copy " Henricus Endymion Porter." 
|| In loose copy "olim M c Caffhey olim Macnorton." 


Die ii Martii 1819 natus et die 14 baptizatus fuit Josephus 
Vernasia filius Antonii et Ludovicae Vernasia olim Adelaide) con- 
jugum : Sponsores Laurentius Downs, Maria Stanbrook, a me Jacobo 

Die 14 Aprilis 1819 nata et die 18 baptizata fuit Elizabeth Caroletta 
Ulalie Nary filia Thomas et Birgittne Nary (olim Heffernon) conjugum : 
Sponsores Carolus Franciscus Acton, Maria Eduards * a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 22 Aprilis 1819 nata et die 9 Maii baptizata fuit Amelia Oliver 
filia Thomas et Sarah Oliver (26) (olim Eals f) conjugum : Sponsores 
Petrus Corbain, Maria Ulalie Eduard. J a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Martii 1819 nata et die 30 Maii baptizata fuit Hellena 
Taylor filia Gulielmi et Franciscae Taylor olim Maddock conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Anna Buckinghem, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 31 Julii 1819 nata et die 22 Augusti baptizata fuit Anna 
Augusta Sydney Tistell filia Michaelis et Hellenae Sydney Tistell 
olim Smith conjugum : Sponsores Marcus Kempley, Anna Macherton || 
a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 26 Septembris 1819 natus et die 4 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Gulielmus Roe II filius Josephi et Elizabeth Roe^I olim Woddeson 
conjugum : Sponsores Gulielmus Woddeson, Agnes Woddeson. a me 
Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 26 Octobris 1819 nataet 13 Novembris baptizata fuit Elizabeth 
Catharina Lincoln filia Roberti et Elizabeth Lincoln (olim Shee) con 
jugum : Sponsores Gulielmus Drake, Catharina Amelia Josephine 
Mezzinghi, a Jacobo Peters.** 


(27) Die 9 Februarii 1820 natus et die 11 baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Clifton filius Joannis et Marias Clifton olim Trafford conjugum : 
Patrinus fuit Thomas Clifton, matrina Elizabeth Trafford, a me Jacobo 

Die 6 Martii 1820 nata et die 9 Baptizata fuit Rosetta Antonia 
Anna Moore filia Jacobi Adolphi et Annae Moor (olim Silver) conju 
gum. Sponsores Petrus Lallier, Rosetta Lallier. a me Jacobo Peters 
Mss Apl co . 

Die Edward George Kendon son of George and Mary Kendon 
(formerly Layfield) born 17 March 1820 at Hampton in Middlesex, was 
baptized on 12 April ft in presence of his Mother, the child being ill, 
was christened at home not having Sponsors, by James Peters. 

Die 3 Septembris 1820 natus et die 24 baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Collins filius Gulielmi et Grace Collins (olim Megenly) conjugum : 
Sponsores fuere Marcus Kempley, (28) Anna Ludwig a me Jacobo 

Die 29 Septembris 1820 nata et die 6 Octobris baptizata fuit 
Catharina Conway filia Bernadi et Annae Conway (olim Brady) conju 
gum. Matrina Elizabeth Eagliston. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 2 Octobris 1820 natus et die 20 baptizatus fuit Hugo Galahar 

* In loose copy " Edhuards." t In loose copy " Eales." 

J In loose copy " Edhuards." 

5 In the margin and the loose copy " Sydney Tistell " n.s a double name. 
H In loose copy "MacNorton." Ii In margin and loose copy " Kowe." 

*# In loose copy is added "apud East Sheen." ft 1 loose copy "at Hampton." 


filius Thomae et Marias Galahar (olim Leach) conjtigum. Sponsor 
Gulielmus Galahar, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 2 a Martii 1821 nata et die 22 baptizata fuit Margarita Nary 
filia Thomae et Birgittae Nary olim Heffernon) conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Mathaeus Tyne, Matrina Mary Hostler, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 15 Junii 1821 nata et die 24 baptizata fuit Catharina Coghlan 
filia Patricii et Agnetis Coghlan olim Graham conjugum. Patrinus 
fuit Joannes Coghlan, Matrina Helena Moore, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 29 Januarii 1822 natus et die 15 Februarii baptizatus fuit 
Carolus Mackintosh filius Alexandri et Joannae Mackintosh (olim 
Watkins) conjugum : Sponsores fuere Carolus Moss, Sarah Watkins. 
a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

(29) Die 27 Aprilis 1822 nata et die 19 Maii baptizata fuit Eliza 
beth Kitrick filia Michaelis et Birgittae Kitrick (olim Kinsley conjugum. 
Matrina fuit Elizabeth Eaglestone, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die i a Octobris 1822 natus et die 12 baptizatus fuit Henricus Burt 
filius Thornse et Caeciliae Burt olim Brown conjugum : Sponsores 
Patricius Coghlan, Caroletta Brown, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Octobris 1822 natus et die 26 baptizatus fuit Ricardus White, 
filius Richardi Hellenae White olim Daily * conjugum : Matrina fuit 
Hannah Ballard. a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 14 Februarii 1823 natus et die 23 Martii baptizatus fuit 
Jacobus Collins filius Gulielmi et Grace Collins (olim Megenly t) 
conjugum : Sponsores Michael Kary, Sarah Sullivan, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Martii 1823 nata et die i a Maii baptizata fuit Elizabeth 
Barret filia Jacobi et Hellenae Barret olim Shee conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Joannes Dogharty, matrina Sarah Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters 
Mss Apl co . 

(30) Die 18 Junii 1823 natus et die 13 Julii baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Bannan filius Petri et Hellenaa Bannan olim Maccraffry J conjugum : 
Sponsor Hannah Cavaghan. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 2 a Augusti 1823 nata et die 10 baptizata fuit Elizabeth Cole 
filia Gulielmi et Honha Cole (olim Farren) conjugum. Sponsores 
Jacobus Farren, Elizabeth Farren, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Junii 1823 natus et die 31 Augusti baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Cox filius Thomae et Mariae Cox olim Hellier conjugum : Sponsores 
Thomas Nary, Sarah Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 5 Februarii 1824 nata et die 15 baptizata fuit Anna Nary filia 
Thomae et Birgittae Nary (olim Heffernon) conjugum: Sponsores 
Joannes Butler Elizabeth Hostler a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 8 Junii 1824 nata et die 20 baptizata fuit Anna Burt, filia 
Thomae et Caeciliae Burt (olim Brown) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Thomas 
Nary, Matrina Anna Brown, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 3 a Julii 1824 nata et die 16 baptizata fuit (31) Julia Anna Butt 

* In loose copy added "et Bricklay." 
f In loose copy " MacGcnnely." J In loose copy " MacCaffry." 


filia Jacob! Palmer et Sarah Butt (olim Adams) conjugum : Sponsores 
Thomas Holland, Julia Anna Adams, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 17 Novembris 1824 nata et die 8 Decembris baptizata fuit 
Eleanor White filia Ricardi et Eleanor White olim Daily* conjugum : 
Sponsores Hugo Graham, Anna Greham. a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 8 Decembris 1824 nata et die 26 Januarii 1825 baptizata fuit 
Maria Pope filia Caroli et Teresise Pope (olim Santerlon) conjugum : 
Sponsores Jacobus Odd, Maria Jax, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Februarii 1825 nata et die 13 baptizata fuit Elizabeth Collins 
filia Gulielmi et Grace Collins (olim Macginly) conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Thomas Nary, Matrina Sarah Sullivan, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 20 Augusti 1825 natus et die 17 Septembris baptizatus fuit 
Jacobus Mac Mellon, filius Jacobi et Elizabeth Mac Mellon olim 
Hammilton conjugum: Matrina fuit Anna Garderton.f a Jacobo 

Die 15 Decembris 1825 nata et die 21 baptizata fuit Maria Anna 
Burt filia Thomas et Caecilise (32) Burt olim Brown) conjugum : 
Sponsores Robertus Doughty, Francisca Fowler, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 20 Aprilis 1826 natus et die 24 baptizatus fuit Joannes Butt J 
filius Jacobi et Sarah Butt (olim Adams) conjugum : Sponsores fuere 
Joannes Adams et Catharina Holland, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Septembris 1826 natus et die 8 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Robertus Pope filius Caroli et Teresi?e Pope (olim Santerlon) conju 
gum : Sponsores Jacobus Mackfield, Birgitta Nary, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 29 Januarii 1827 natus et die 7 Februarii baptizatus fuit 
Jacobus Coal, filius Gulielmi et Honnah Coal (olim Farren) conjugum : 
Sponsores Patricius Coghlan. Anna Lever, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 23 Martii 1827 natus et die 26 baptizatus fuit Joannes Roque 
filius Joannis et Josephine Roque olim Billon) conjugum : Sponsor 
Sophie Herbe. a Jacobo Peters 

Die 4 Junii 1827 natus et die 10 baptiza fuit Catharina Collins, filia 
Gulielmi et Grace Collins (olim Macginly) conjugum : Patrinus fuit 
Thomas Nary, Matrina Maria Finley. a Jacobo Peters 
(33) Die 27 Augusti 1827 natus et die 2 Septembris baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Josephus Coglain, filius Patricii et Agnetis Coghlan olim 
Graham ) conjugum : Sponsores Joannes Dogherty, Maria Corbin. 
a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 5 Octobris 1827 nata et die 7 baptizata fuit Maria Burns filia 
Edwardi et Hellense Burns (olim Cragh) conjugum : Sponsores fuere 
Patricius Callahan, Maria Flyn. a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 20 Novembris 1827 nata et die 27 baptizata fuit Sarah Teresia 
Butt filia Jacobi et Sarah Butt olim Adams conjugum : Patrinus 
Gulielmus Wickwar, Matrina Elizabeth Wickwar. a Jacobo Peters. 

* In loose copy added " et Bricklay." 
f In loose copy "Anna Maria Ganderton." 

t The fourth Bishop of Southwark, consecrated 29 Jan. 1885, resigned 9 Apr. 
1897, died I Nov. 1899. 

In loose copy "Greham." 



Die 15 Januarii 1828 natus et die 23 baptizatus fuit Petrus Carolus 
Glover filius Georgii et Rachel Glover olim Hockley) conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Petrus Corbin, Matrina Maria Cohlan. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die i Julii 1828 nata et die 10 baptizata fuit Catharina Barry, filia 
Joannis et Mariae Barry olim Carthy conjum : Matrina Catharina 
Carthy, a Jacobo Peters. 

Le vingt deux Novembre de lanne 1828: je sous signe Jacque 
Peters Pretre de la chapelle publique a (34) Richmond Surry en Angle- 
terre diocesse de Londres, certifie avoir ondoye aujourdhui Marie 
Philiberte Louise Desire Cecilia (nee le 17 du meme mois) fille de 
M r le Baron Marie Antoine D yvoley et de M me La Barone Marie 
Henriette D yvoley ne e de la balmodier. Demurant habituellment a 
Nantes en France. Le Parrain M r Philibert de la balmondier, et la 
Marraine la Barone Marie aime D yvole. . . . Jacque Peters, Pretre 
Anglois ce 20 Novembre 1828. Richmond Surry en Angleterre. 


Die 4 Februarii 1829 nata et die 18 baptizata fuit Caroletta Pope 
filia Caroli et Mariae Teresise Pope olim Santillon conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Georgius Freel, matrina Francisca Carbonee. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die i Martii 1829 natus et die 12 baptizatus fuit Gulielmus Henricus 
Butt, filius Jacobi et Sarah Butt (olim Adams) conjugum : Sponsores 
Gulielmus Adams, Elizabeth Damant, a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 15 Aprilis 1829 natus et die 20 baptizatus fuit Edwardus 
Josephus Burt filius Thomae et Caeciliae Burt olim Brown conjugum : 
Sponsores Edwardus (35) Fowler, Maria Sherlock, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 27 Aprilis 1829 natus et die 3 Maii baptizatus fuit Joannes 
Josephus Shorlock filius Gulielmi et Mariae Sherlock olim Denny) 
conjugum : Sponsores Joannes Percel, Maria Griffiths, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die ii Decembris 1829 nata et die 6 Januarii 1830 baptizata fuit 
Hellena Owens, filia Lauae * et Franciscae [Owens above\ (olim Manser) 
conjugum : Sponsorers Joannes Doagherty, Maria ChiswelL a Jacobo 

Die 26 Januarii 1830 natus et die i a Februarii baptizatus fuit 
Joannes Walmesly filius Thomae et Susannae Walmesley (olim Trusler) 
conjugum : Sponsores Edwardus Slaughter, Harriot Manby. a Jacobo 

Die 16 Junii 1829 nata et die 11 martii 1830 sub conditione bapti 
zata fuit Amelia FitzGerald filia Joannis et Ameliae FitzGerald (olim 
Powen) conjugum: Patrinus fuit Daniel French, Matrina Catharina 
Hollant, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 13 Junii 1830 nata et die 25 Julii baptizata fuit Hellena Cellen 
filia Michaelis et Hellenae Cellen olim Ford conjugum : Sponsores fuere 
Joannes Macmoen, (36) Maria Macmoen. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 19 Septembris 1830 nata et die 10 Octobris baptizata fuit 
Francisca Harvy Graham Goghlan filia Patricii et Agnetis Coghlan 
(olim Graham) conjugum : Sponsores Petrus Corbin, Francisca 
Bradshaw. a Jacobo Peters. 

* In loose copy " Luoe." 



Die 28 Decembris 1830 nata et die Januarii 1831 baptizata fuit 
Catharina Lane filia Joannis et Hellene I-ane olim Doud conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Elizabeth Tyler, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 28 Januarii 1831 nata et die 27 Februarii baptizata fuit Anna 
Mack filia Joannis et Margaritas Mack olim Highland) conjugum : 
Sponsores Michael Melony, Sarah Watts, a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 26 Januarii 1832 natus et die 19 Februarii baptizata fuit 
Henricus Endymion Porter, films Henrici Endymion et Sarah Porter 
(olim Brading) conjugum : Sponsores fuere Petrus Corbin, Maria Corbin, 
a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 19 Maii 1832 natus et die 28 baptizatus fuit Ricardus Mac- 
doneld filius Morris et Hellenae Macdoneld olim Drisco conjugum : 
Sponsores Morris Daily, (37) Margarita Dullavan, a me Jacobo 

Die 19 Decembris 1831 natus et die 13 Junii 1832 baptzatus fuit 
sub conditione Robertus Gulielmus Hall filius Roberti et Mariae Hall 
olim Bahen) conjugum : Matrina Elizabeth Tyler, a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 22 Decembris 1832 natus et die i a Januarii 1833 baptizatus 
fuit Robertus Burt filius Thomce et Caecilias Burt (olim Brown) con 
jugum : Sponsores Robertus Adams, Barbara Parker, a me Jacobo 

Die 10 Aprilis 1833 nata et die 28 baptizata fuit Anna Curteyne 
filia Dionysii et Marue Curteyne (olim Murphy) conjugum : Sponsores 
Franciscus Curteyne, Joanna Roycroft, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 2 Novembris 1833 nata et die 10 baptizata fuit Maria Macevoy 
filia Francisci et Joannae MacEvoy olim Slack conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Felix Murphy, a me Jacobo Peters. 

The Honourable Clarinda Anna Margarit Plunkett daughter of 
Thomas Oliver Plunkett Baron Louth and Anna Maria Baroness of 
Louth (formerly Roche) was born nth May 1834 and baptized (38) 
on the 24 of July in the same year by the Rev d James Peters at 
Richmond Surry ; having for God father the Honourable Randal 
Edward Plunkett, for God mother Clarinda M. Byrn.* 

Die 13 Julii 1834 natus et die 16 Novembris baptizatus fuit 
Robertus Barry filius Caroli et Marine Barry olim Betkin conjugum : 
Sponsores Michael Scallel, Elizabeth Rock, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 8 Septembris 1834 nata et die 26 Decembris baptizata fuit 
Catharina Lowe filia Joannis et Louisae Lowe (olim Tonkinson) con 
jugum : Sponsores Eduardus Lowe, Maria Lowe, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die ii Maii 1834 natus et die 19 Januarii 1835 baptizatus fuit 
Edwardus Hall filius Roberti et Marias Hall (olim Behan) conjugum : 
Sponsores Joannes Behan, Joanna Rowen. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Decembris 1834 nata et die 8 Martii 1835 baptizata fuit 
Anna Freed filia Gulielmi et Elizabeth Freed (olim Hermon) con 
jugum : Sponsores Thomas Coghlan, Caecilia Burt. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 12 Martii 1835 natus et die 15 baptizatus fuit (39) Gulielmus 

* In loose copy " Byrne." 


Bunting filius Henrici et Margaritas Bunting, Patrinus fuit Gulielmus 
Collins, Matrina Margarita Langridge,* a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 2 a Julii 1835 nata et die 19 baptizata fuit Sarah Anna Spllein 
filia Joannis et Marise Spllein (olim Flaharty) conjugum : Sponsores 
Michael Macdermot, Maria White, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Septembris 1835 nata et die 8 Novembris baptizata fuit 
Margarita Heyndon filia Henrici et Marise Heyndon olim Duffy con 
jugum : a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Novembris 1835 natus et die 17 baptizatus fuit Dionysius 
Sullivan filius Timothei et Helenas Sullivan (olim Carthy) conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Maria Jones, a me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die 25 Octobris 1835 natus et die 22 Novembris baptizatus fuit 
Thomas Sherlock, filius Gulielmi et Marias Sherlock (olim Denny) 
conjugum. Sponsores Timotheus Denny, Catharina Denny, a Jacobo 


Die 25 Julii 1834 natus et die 3 Aprilis 1836 baptizatus fuit Daniel 
Jones, filius Samuelis et Marias Jones (olim Owens) conjugum : 
Sponsores Patricius (40) Crawley, Margarita Phinigen. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 9 Junii 1836 natus et die 17 Julii baptizatus fuit Henricus 
Winslet filius Henrici et Helenas Winslet (olim ONeil) conjugum : 
Sponsores Patricius Cannulchan,t Grace Collins, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 31 Julii 1836 nata et die 2 Augusti baptizata fuit Anna Oats, 
filia Joannis et Birgettas Oats (olim Russell) conjugum : Sponsores 
Gulielmus Collins, Joanna Drynin. a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 2 Septembris 1836 natus et die [2 Octobris x d out, 8 above} 
baptizatus fuit Michael Rice filius Joannis et Marias Rice (olim Smith) 
conjugum : Sponsores Michael Snee, Maria Pheney, a me Jacobo 

Die 6 Septembris 1836 natus et die 2 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Michael Macdermot filius Michaelis et Annas Macdermot (olim 
Charlton) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Josephus Charlton, Matrina Maria 
Quin. A me Jacobo Peters Mss Apl co . 

Die i a Septembris 1836 nata et die 16 Octobris baptizata fuit 
Elizabeth Walden filia Thomas et Mariae Walden olim Daily conjugum : 
(41) Patrinus fuit Petrus Riley, Matrina Anna ORyon. A me Jacobo 
Peters Miss Aplco. 

Die 13 Junii 1836 natus et die 22 Novembris baptizatus fuit 
Robertus Jacobus Glynn, filius Patricii et Suzannae Glynn olim Doods J 
conjugum: Sponsores Jacobus Mullin, Elizabeth Mullen, a Jacobo 

Die 27 Novembris 1836 natus et die 16 Decembris baptizatus fuit 
Jacobus Morden filius Gulielmi et Catharinas Morden (olim Caine) con 
jugum : Sponsores Jacobus Collins, Birgitta Daily, a me Jacobo Peters. 


Die 8 Februarii 1837 natus et die 12 baptizatus fuit Georgius Burt 
filius Thomas et Caeciliae Burt (olim Brown) conjugum : Sponsores 
Gulielmus Dalton, Suzana Walmesley, a me Jacobo Peters. 

* In loose copy " Langride." f In loose copy " Cannllchan." 

J In loose copy " Dodds." In loose copy " Mullin." 


Die 24 Martii 1837 nata et die 27 baptizata Maria Adelaida Nypels 
filiae Philippi Jacobi et Marine * Nypels (olim Legoupil) conjugum : 
Sponsores Jacobus Lecomte, Rene Antoine, a me Jacobo Peters 
Mss Apl co . 

Die 7 Maii 1837 natus et die 27 baptizatus fuit Joannes Mac- 
dermot films Joannis et Catharinae Macdermot (olim Macbe) con 
jugum : Patrinus fuit Cornelius (42) Croney. a me Jacobo Peters. 
Mss Apl co . 

Die 8 Augusti 1837 natus et die 20 baptizatus fuit Joannes Connil 
filius Eduardi et Juliae Connil (olim Conners) conjugum : Sponsores 
fuere Jerimas Sullivan, Margarita Sullivan, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 1 8 Maii 1837 nata et die 31 decembris baptizata fuit Caroletta 
Lowe filia Joannis et Louisas Lowe (olim Tomkinson) conjugum : 
Sponsores Petrus Riley, [Margarita Sullivan x? 0/t] Maria LLowe. 
a Jacobo Peters. 


Die 10 Februarii 1838 natus et die 25 baptizatus fuit Franciscus 
Macavoy J filius Francisi et Joanna? Macavoy (olim Slack) conjugum : 
Sponsores Joannes Fearon, Sarah Johnson, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 7 Aprilis 1838 nata et die 8 baptizata fuit Ellinor Plowden 
filia Gulielmi et Barbaras Plowden (olim Cholmely) conjugum : 
Sponsores Gulielmus Gerrard, Eleanor Cholmeley. a me Jacobo 

Die 21 Maii 1838 nata et die 3 Junii baptizata fuit Helena Maria 
Leahy filia Joannis et Mariae Leahy (olim Leahy) conjugum : Patrinus 
fuit Jacobus Leahy, Matrina Hellena Leahy, a me Jacobo Peters. 

(43) Die 23 Maii 1838 nata et die 9 Junii baptizata fuit Maria 
Louisa [Manners above] filia Russell Henrici et Louisae Joannas 
Manners (olim de Noe) conjugum : Patrinus fuit Ludovicus Pantaleon 
Judes Amede de Noe Pare de France, Matrina Catharina Stephny, a 
Jacobo Peters. 

Die 5 Junii 1838 nata et die i a Julii baptizata fuit Maria Anna 
Rickaby, filia Francisci et Sophias Rickaby (olim Akett) conjugum : 
Sponsores Henricus Rickaby, Rickaby, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 24 Junii 1838 nata et die 16 Julii baptizata fuit Lucia Freed 
filia Gulielmi et Elizabeth Freed (olim Hermon) conjugum : Sponsores 
Franciscus Macavoy, Elizabeth Tyler, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 19 Junii 1838 natus et die 19 baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Fredericus Leg filius Georgii et Mariae Leg (olim White) conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Hellena White, a me Jacobo Peters. Mss Apl 00 . 

Die 8 Septembris 1838 natus et die 14 Octobris baptizatus fuit 
Alexander Kelley filius Michaelis et Elizabeth Kelley (olim Ryan) con 
jugum : Sponsores Alexander Growgan, Maria Anna Growgan. a me 
Jacobo Peters. 

(44) Die 21 Decembris 1838 natus et die 25 baptizatus fuit 
Gulielmus Merton filius Gulielmi et Catharinae Merton (olim Kay) 
conjugum : Sponsores Patricius Calahan, Margarita Sullivan, a me 
Jacobo Peters. 

* In loose copy " Mariae Magdalenae Nypels." 

t Omitted in loose copy. J In loose copy " M c avoy." 

In loose copy " apud Richmond Surey. 1 



Die 24 Decembris 1838 nata et die 6 Januarii 1839 baptizata fuit 
Hellena Burt filia Thomae et Caecilise Burt olim Brown) conjugum : 
Sponsores Gulielmus Collins, Grace Collins, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 22 Martii 1839 nata et die 9 Aprilis baptizata fuit Birgitta Burn 
filia Jacobi et Margaritas Burn (olim Smith) conjugum : Patrinus fuit 
Gulielmus Smith, a me Jacobo Peters. 

Die 14 Maii 1839 natus et die 9 Junii baptizatus fuit Jacobus 
Owen filius Lucae et Franciscse Owen (olim Menser) conjugum : 
Sponsores Patricius Coghlan, Agnes Coghlan. a Jacobo Peters. 

Die 21 Junii 1839 natus et die 21 Julii baptizatus fuit Gulielmus 
Baily filius Gulielmi et Marias Bayly (olim Hillard) conjugum : 
Matrina fuit Anna Kelly, a me Jacobo Peters. 

[This is the last complete entry by the Rev. James Peters, and is 
thought a suitable period to stop. A large number of others follow on 
ninety-four more pages, the last being dated 31 Dec. 1854.} 


LAND, 1796-1839 


CALLALY CASTLE, in the parish of Whittingham, a seat of the ancient 
Barons of Warkworth, in Northumberland, and Clavering, in Essex, was 
granted to a younger son, Sir Alan de Clavering, about the reign of 
Edward I., and continued the residence of his descendants until the family 
became extinct in the male line, upon the death of the late Edward John 
Clavering, in 1876, when the estate passed to his daughter and sole heiress, 
Augusta Lucy, who married in 1859 the late Sir Henry George Paston- 
Bedingfeld, 7th Bart., of Oxburgh Hall, co. Norfolk. The Claverings were 
staunch to the ancient faith, and equally so to the royal cause, and hence 
suffered the usual penalties of fine, imprisonment, and even death. Sir John 
Clavering, Knt., in the quaint language of the Visitation of 1666, ob. a". 22 Rx. 
Caroli I. [1646-7] in carcere pro firma fide erga dictum Carolum in London, 
and his eldest son, Col. Sir Robert Clavering, Knt. banneret, who raised at 
his own expense two regiments of horse and foot, besides some extra troops 
of dragoons, ob. in exercitu Rx. a". 19 Car. I. [i 643-4] patre invente et Calebs , 
at. 26 annor. Sir John s fourth son, Thomas, was ad