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Hartford, Connecticut V V 

Date Due 










^D. 3 3 












College of St. Patrick, Maynooth. 


BUTLER, the Very Rev. RICHARD, 
D.D., Dean of Clonraacnoise. 


HUDSON, the Very Rev. EDWARD 
GUSTAVUS, A.M., Dean of Armagh. 

KANE, Sir ROBERT, M.R.I. A., Presi- 
dent of the Queen's College, Cork. 

MEYLER, the Very Rev. WALTER, 



O'LocHLEN, Sir COLMAN, M., Bart. 









CROLLY, the Rev. GEORGE, D.D. Pro- 
fessor, Royal College of St. Patrick, 



GRAVES, the Rev. CHARLES, A.M., 
Professor and F.T.C.D., M.R.I.A. 

GRAVES, the Rev. JAMES, Kilkenny. 



KELLY, the Rev. MATTHEW, Profes- 
sor, Royal College of St. Patrick, 




NOWLAV, the Very Rev. EDWARD, 
j V.G., Ossory; P.P. Gowran. 



REEYES, the Rev. WILLIAM, M.B., 

Professor, Royal College of St. Pa- 
trick, Maynooth. 






Seaan O'Dalaigh. 

Annual Subscriptions to the Society Large Paper, 1 ; Small Paper, 10s. received by Messrs, 
Hodgpsand Smith, 104, Grafton-street, Dublin ; or by any of the local Agents. For further 
particulars see the Prospectus and Report at the end of this volume. 

The Council of the Celtic Society having entrusted me with the superintend- 
ence of this volume in its progress through the press, I hereby certify that it is in 
all respects conformable to the rules of the Society. I avail myself of this 
opportunity, to return, upon the part of the Council, their thanks to the Council 
of the Royal Irish Academy, for their permission to print the " Genealogy of 
Corca-Laidhe," and some of the poems contained in this volume, from their MSS., 
and to have access to the ancient seal representing Brian, King of Cineal Eoghain. 

To the Provost and Board of Trinity College, Dublin, we are indebted for their 
kind permission to copy some of the poems which will be found in this volume. 

I have also to return to Sir William Betham our best thanks for his attention 
in respect to the above relic, which has been procured through his intervention. 

The Society are indebted to the Rev. John Quarry, rector of Clonakilty, for 
the very valuable note on the district of Corca-Laidhe, which will be found in 
the first Appendix, and for the Map of the Territory, which illustrates the publi- 

To John 0' Donovan, Esq. we are indebted chiefly for the work being what 
it is. Through his labors, it has at length seen the light accompanied with a mass 
of information such as has rarely been exhibited. To him, too, we are indebted 
for the accurate copies of the MSS. of Docwra, which will be found in this volume. 

Mr. Eugene Curry has rendered his assistance in every instance both in copying 
and in preparing the Irish portion of the work for publication. 


Member of the Council. 
3rd April, 1850-12JA February, 1851. 

The following extracts from the Proceedings of the Royal Irish 
Academy, Vol. IV. pp. 484-5, Wth February, 1850, are here given 
as illustrative of the poem on the battle of Dun at p. 145, tyc. 

" SIR WILLIAM BETHAM exhibited an impression of an ancient seal, 
lately found near Beverley, in Yorkshire, on which is represented a 
mounted cavalier, with a very long 
sword drawn in his hand, round which 
is the following inscription : 


"Brian O'Neill was King of 
Cineal Eoghain (Kinel Owen, or 
Tyrone) from A.D. 1241 to 1260, when, along with many others of the 
Irish chieftains, he was slain in the battle of Druim Dearg a (or Down). 
His head was cut off and sent to King Henry III. ; and probably this 
seal fell into the hands of the English victors, who carried it to Eng- 
land, and this accounts for its being found in Yorkshire. 

" The Annals of the Four Masters have the following account of the 


" 1260. The battle of Druim Dearg, near Dun-da-leath-ghlas, (at 
Downpatrick,) was fought by Brian O'Neill and Aedh O'Conchobhair 

Additional Notes by John O' 'Donovan, Esq. M.R.I. A. 

a The battle of Druim-Dearg ; i.e. p. 69, states that this battle was 
of the Bed Hill, or Bidge. Sir Ei- fought in the streets of Down. His 
chard Cox, in his Hibernia Anglicana, words are ; " Stephen de Long Espee, 


(King of Connacht) against the English of the north of Ireland, in 
which many of the Irish chiefs were slain, namely, Brian O'Neill, 
the chief of Ireland ; b Domhnall O'Cairre ; Diarmuid Mac Lachloinn ; 
Maghnus O'Cathain ; Cian O'h-Innerghe ; Donslehhe Mac Cana ; 
Conchohhar O'Duibhdirma, and his son, viz.Aedh; Aedh O'Cathain; 
Muircheartach O'Cathain: Amhlaibh O'Gairmleadhaigh ; Cu-Uladh 
O'h-Anluain [and Niall O'h-Anluain. In a word, fifteen of the 
chiefs of the family of O'Cathain were slain on the field. Some 
of the chiefs of Connacht also fell there, namely, Gilla-Chrisd, son 
of Conchobhar, son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmuid], 

Lord Justice (some call him Earl of 
Salisbury, and Burlace styles him 
Earl of Ulster ; but I think there is 
no ground for either of the titles), he 
encountered O'Neale, and slew him 
and three hundred and fifty-two Irish- 
men in the streets of Down ; but not 
long after the Lord Justice was be- 
trayed and murdered by his own peo- 
ple." Dr. Hanmer notices this battle 
under the year 1258, and Cox, Grace, 
and others, under 1259; but the an- 
nals of Ulster, and those of Kilronan, 
Counaught, and Clonmacnoise, notice 
it under the year 1 260. In the Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Innisfallen it is 
entered under the year 1258 ; and it 
is stated that it was fought on Sun- 
day, and that O'Neill's head was sent 
to England. [He then refers to the 
poem, given in full in this volume, 
pp. 145 to 173, and concludes as fol- 
lows:] "In Mageoghegan's transla- 
tion of the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
this battle is called the battle of 
Downe Daleglass ; and it is stated 
that 'Brian O'Neill is since called 

Bryan Catlia in Duin, which is as 
much as to say, in English, Bryan of 
the battle of Downe.' Manus O'Kanc 
[Maghnus O'Cathain] and other chiefs 
who fell in this battle are also called 
' Catha an Duin,' i.e. of the battle 
of Down,' in the pedigree of their 
descendants in all the Irish genealogi- 
cal books." 

b Chief of Ireland, uachtaran h- 
Ereann. In Mageoghegan's transla. 
tion of the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
this is interpreted, "Bryan O'Neale, 
named the King of the Irish of Ire- 
land." He is evidently so called by 
the annalists, because at the meeting 
held at Cael Uisce in 1258, the greater 
part of the Irish chiefs consented to 
submit to him as their chief leader. 

c Fifteen of the chiefs This is 
rendered, " fifteen of the best of the 
O'Cahans were slayn at that present," 
in the old translation of the Annals of 
Ulster, and "fifteen of the chiefest of 
the family of the O'Kaghan's," in 
Mageoghegan's Annals of Clonmac- 


lord of Magh-lurg; Cathal, son of Tighearnan O'Conchobhair ; Mael- 
.ruanaidh Mac Donnchaidh ; Cathal, son of Donnchadh, the son of 
Muircheartach ; Aedh, son of Muircheartach Finn; Tadhg, son of 
Cathal, son of Brian O'Mael-ruanaigh ; Diarmuid, son of Tadhg, son 
of Muireadhach, son of Tomaltach O'Mael-ruanaidh; Conchohhar Mac 
Gilla Arraith ; Tadhg, son of Cian O'Gaghra; Gilla Bearaigh O'Cuinn; 
Carrolus, son of the Bishop d O'Muireadhaigh ; and many others, both 
of the Irish nobility and plebeians."] 

The English army was commanded by Stephen de Longespey, third 
son of William de Longespey, natural son of King Henry II. by the 
fair Rosamond, who became Count de Rosmar, in Normandy, and 
Earl of Salisbury, in right of his wife, Ela, daughter and sole heiress 
of William d'Eurieux, Count de Rosmar and Earl of Salisbury. 
Stephen was married to Emmeline, daughter and heiress of Walter 
de Riddlesford, and relict of Hugh de Lacy, first Earl of Ulster, 
He has been sometimes styled both Earl of Salisbury and of Ulster, 
even by Ware; but he really was neither. He was made Lord Jus- 
ticiary of Ireland in 1258, 44 Hen. III. 

This Brian is mentioned on the records in the Tower of London, 
where, on the Close Rolls, is a writ directed to Brien O'Nel Regi de 
Kinelun, to go with the Justiciary of Ireland, with horse and arms, 
to join the King's army, then on an expedition to the parts of Scot- 
land. If he went, his seal may have been lost on this occasion. 

On the great Roll of the Pipe of the Irish Exchequer are the fol- 
lowing entries : 

" Compotus Ulltoniee anno Regni Regis Henrici secundo xlv. Nich. 
de Dunhened Senescallo. 

of the bishop, mac an easbuig, les, the Bishopp O'Mory's son, with 
Ac In Macgeoghegan's Annals of many others of the Noble and Ignoble 
Clonmacnoise this is rendered, " Char- sort." 

" Bren O'Nel M. Vacc. pro transgress, quas solvere debet ad tres 
terminos, sicut continetur in Rotulo xliii. 

" Idem Bren Regulus de Kinelun C. lib. de auxilio Dni Regis ad 
guerram suarn in Vasconiam sustinendam. 

" Hibernienses de Turlere CC. lib. pro eodem. 

" Turtere pro eodem xx lib. 

" O'Nel Regulus de Kenelun MMM IHI XII. e fine 
facto cum Justiciario. 

" Idem Nel CCCC. Vacc. pro arreragiis redditibus." 

e 3092 cows three thousand four score and twelve. 


At page 174, for "John," read Richard Nugent, Esq. of Farranconnell, in 
stating the property of a MS. preserved in parchment in the County of Cavan. 



The History of the Race of Lughaidh, son of Ith, . 3 
The Genealogy of Corca Laidhe, ..... 9 
Of the Race of Aenghus, son of Maicniadh, son of Lu- 
ghaidh, son of Maicniadh, . . . . . 11 

Of the Race of the Gascon, 13 

Of the Ui Maine, 19 

Of the Genealogy of the Ui Duibh-fhleasc, and of the 

Ui Aenghusa in general, ...... ib. 

Of the Genealogy of the Race of Aenghus Bulga, . 25 

Of Aes Coinchinne, ....... 37 

Of the Ui Aenghusa, ....... ib. 

Of the Ui Mic Eire, 39 

Of the Cairbre of Cliach of the Plain, .... 41 

Of the Corca Laidhe, 43 

The Genealogy of Ua Conchobhair of Corca Laidhe Guile, ib. 

The Genealogy of Ua Baire of Ara, .... ib. 

The Hereditary Proprietors of Corca Laidhe, . . 49 
The Mearing of the middle Cantred of O'Cobhthaigh's 

Territory, 55 

The Genealogy of Ua Eidirsceoil, .... 57 

The Genealogy of Ua Cobhthaigh, .... 59 

The Genealogy of Uaithne Thire, .... 65 


(A) Lughaidh Mai, 67 

Lughaidh Laidhe and the other Sons, ... 77 

(B) Mac Fhlannchadha or Mac Clancy, ... 80 

(C) The Family of Dun- Cairbre, .... 82 

(D) Pedigree of O'h-Eidirsceoil or O'Driscoll, . . 85 

(E) Of Corca Laidhe [By the Rev. John Quarry, Rector 

of Clonakilty], 87 


(F) Extracts from Records relative to the Territory of 

Corca Laidhe, ... 

Remarks on the preceding Tract, . . , . 141 


CONMHIDHE, ... . 145 

Remarks on the preceding Poem, . 174 


1. His Relation of Service done in Ireland, . . . 187 
Remarks on the preceding Tract, . . . 214 

2. His Narration of the Services done by the Army ym- 

ployed to Lough Foyle, &c. . . . 233 

Remarks on the preceding Tract, . . . 287 

Notes, ..'... 296 


I. Documents relative to the O'h-Eidirsceoils (O'Driscolls) 

1. Eoin Masach Ua Maethagain's poem (H. 4, 22, 

T.C.D.); about 1508, 328 

2. Tadhg, son of Diarmaid Og O'Dalaigh's poem, 

on the death of Sir Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil; 

about 1614, 340 

3. Fearfasa O'Cainte's poem, on Conchobhar O'h-Ei- 

dirsceoil and his wife Eibhilin; about 1617, . 352 

4. Donnchadh O'Fuathail'spoem, on the death of Sir 

Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil and his son Concho- 
bhar; about the year 1619, .... 370 

5. Excerpta ; Notices of Corca Laidhe, and of the 

family of O'h-Eidirsceoil, with Extracts from 

the Harl. MSS. in the British Museum, . 384 

II. Document relative to the Battle of Dun 

Fearghal Og Mac an Bhaird's poem on the Battle of 

Dun, in 1260, 404 

Book of Baile an Mhuta, (Ballymote, B.) compared with 
the text in the Book of Leacan, (L.) . . . . 416 
ERRATUM, .... [and see above, page x.] 418 

INDEX, . 419 

flO bo lujU 1)-A 


A T)- 

bO ti)ACAlb ^tJ'fleAb, ACUj* T)Acb 

TJAC bo pbetiA^b Bolj, Acuf t)Acb bo c 

O T)A 
Aft CUJ 

Acuf if fOjileAcbAT) bo jobf Ab A ]t>e b^A &]f y o 

I The numerals refer to the various readings, which will be found at the end of the work. 


<t)ATJAT)b, ACUf 

AJI cet)A^ ACU|* 

UA]]t ]f \)-'& 
bO Tt)ACA^b 6 

*Luigh~Ith, i.e. the smaller Ith, 
from lugh, the comparative of beag, 
small. This name is still in use and 
pronounced Lowee, or like the French 
Louis. It seems cognate with Lugwig. 

b Not of the sons of Milidh, i.e. not 
Milesians. According to the Irish 
Genealogists, Ith, the ancestor of the 
Corca-Laidhe, was the paternal uncle 
of Milidh or Milesius of Spain. 


Milidh of Spain 




ancestor of 

O'Brien, O'Neill, 

c The Tuatha De Danann. This 
colony preceded the Clanna-Mileadh, 
or Milesians, and arrived in Ireland 
in the year of the world, 2737, ac- 
cording to O'Flaherty's chronology. 

&Fir-Bolg. Supposed by some to 
be the same as the Belgae of Gaul and 
Great Britain. They preceded the 

Eireamhon Ir ancestor of 

ancestor of ancestor of O'Driscoll 

Tuatha De Danann, and arrived in 
Ireland, according to O'Flaherty's 
Chronology, in the year of the world, 

6 Clann-Neimhidh, i.e. the Race of 
Neimhidh. The ninth year of Neiinh- 
idh in Ireland is fixed by O'Flaherty 
to A.M. 2038. 



LUIGH-ITH,* i.e. Ith was smaller than his father, for Ith was the 
name of each of them ; and these are the tribe of the Gaeidhil that 
are not of the sons of Milidh, b nor of the Tuatha De Danann, c nor 
of the Fir-Bolg, d nor yet of the Clann-Neimhidh ; e and it may be said 
that their invasion is not of the seven invasions/ for Ith was the first [of 
the Gaeidhil] that discovered Eire/ and it was through him that 
the sons of Milidh came to inhabit therein, and widely did his [Ith's] 
tribe after him spread throughout Eire h and Alba. 1 For it is boasted 

* The seven invasions. For an ac- 
count of these invasions of Ireland by 
Ceasair, Partholan, Neimhidh, the 
Fir-Bolg, Tuatha De Danann, &c. the 
reader is referred to the Leabhar- 
Gabhala, also Keating's History of 
Ireland, and O'Flaherty's Ogygia. 

S That discovered Eire. For the 
different accounts of the arrival of Ith 
in Ireland, see the Book of Ballymote, 
fol. 20, b. O'Clery's Leabhar Gabhala 
p. 69, Keating's History of Ireland, 
(Haliday's edition) p. 261, 262, and 
the Irish Nennius, p. 241. It is said 
that Ith saw Ireland from Breogan's 
tower at Corunua. See Proceedings 
of the Royal Irish Academy, May 
13th, 1844. He was killed by the 

Tuatha DeDanann, but his son Lugh- 
aidh returned to Spain and informed 
his relatives of his death, upon which 
the sons of his relative Milidh or Mi- 
lesius, his own son Lughaidh, and 
many of his brothers and relatives 
came to Ireland to revenge his death ; 
and they finally succeeded in wresting 
the country from the Tuatha De Da- 
nann. See Keating's History of Ire- 
land, (Haliday's Edition) p. 289. This 
invasion of Ireland by the Scoti, 
Gaeidhil, or Milesians, is fixed by 
O'Flaherty at A.M. 2934. 

h Eire, i.e. Ireland. Norn. C|T^> 
Gen. CjfieAt)!), Dat. CtfVfTjr). 

* Alba, now Scotland. Nom. 2Ub,s 
Gen. SllbAi), Dat. 

COJl job 2t)ACCO1) 

l better) cofi job i*|tcAji OA] [b-] BojtpA cet) 10 

ACUf Af ACUf* )-|lAT)3CA]5 ACUf* SACfATJA^j ACUf 

b]tecbtAcb, 12 COft jobAfCA^ jl T)6|tC 

] ACUJ* A beAjiAib 14 eol<v|cb cojt job ^1) 
coji job PACA& CAt>At)b jii j} 16 1t> 
ACU| roA'f f]|t 17 bo job 56] U T)A 

lcilf bO jobufCA]|t CU]^ ftj JA 
.1. 6>Ocl)A]&OpCAcb, ACU 

) bA "ocAb .1. 'oc 

6ojipA 13 [co 
u]l| o cuftcbA]l co 

-^T) ACUf T)A 
CO1) ATT)A]tll|* bO 

k Maccon. He was Lughaidh Mac- 
con, son of Maicniadh, who was son 
of Lughaidh Laidhe. He was the 
stepson of Oilill Olum, king of Mun- 
ster, his mother Sadhbh being married 
to Oilill. He was defeated in the 
battle of Ceaunfeabhradh, in the south 
of the present county of Limerick, by 
his stepfather, who banished him be- 
yond seas in the year A.D. 237. 
Having spent some time in exile, he 
returned to Ireland with a great num- 
ber of foreigners, and put into Gal way 
bay, and seven days after his arrival 
on Thursday, (as the Annalist Tigh- 
earnach remarks) he defeated and 
sleAv his uncle Art, monarch of Ire- 
land, in the battle of Magh-mucraimhe 
near Athenry, after which he became 
monarch of Ireland. The Four 
Masters give him a reign of thirty 
years, and the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise a reign of eighteen years, but 
OTlaherty shortens it to three years. 
Keating states that Maccon was slain 
at the instance of King Cormac Mac 
Airt by a poet named Feirches at 
Deargrath [Derrygrath] near Cahir 
in the County of Tipperary. 

The simple fact of Maccon's flight 
into Great Britain to solicit aid against 
his uncle Art, has been magnified by 
the bards into his conquest of the 
World. The Ui-Fiachrach histori- 
ans get up a similar exaggerated ac- 
count about King Dathe having con- 
quered Britain and Gaul. See Gene- 
alogies &fc. of Ui-Fiachrach, pp. 19, 

1 Daire Sirchreachtach, translated 
Darius Przedabundus by O'Flaherty, 
(Ogygia, part III. c. 67, p. 329.) He 
is called Daire Daimhtheach by Dubh- 
altach Mac Firbisigh and Dairine by 
Keating, who makes him contemporary 
with Deirgthine the ancestor of Oilill 
Olum, who wrested the sceptre of 
Munster from the race of Lughaidh, 
son of Ith. Keating writes : " The two 
royal residences of the kings of the 
province were Dun-g- Claire and Dun 
Eochair Mhaighe. The two divisions 
of Munster were governed by two 
families, namely, the descendants of 
Dairine and the descendants of Deirg- 
thine, until the time of Oilill Olum, 
who was of the race of Deirgthine, and 
who, after having banished Maccon 

that Maccon k obtained sway over the world, and it is certain that he 
conquered the west of Europe without doubt, i.e. Alba, France, Sax- 
onland, and the Island of Britain. And it is boasted concerning Daire 
Sirchreachtach 1 that he obtained sway over all the west of Europe ; and 
some of the learned say that he won the whole world. It is stated that 
Fathadh Canann m obtained the government of the whole world from the 
rising to the setting sun, and (if it be true) that he took hostages of 
the streams, the birds, and the languages. And five kings of this tribe 
took the kingdom of Ireland without doubt, namely, Eochaidh Op- 
thach, n Eochaidh Eadghothach, Maccon,P and the two Fathadhs, 

who was of the race of Dairine, out 
of Ireland, assumed the government 
of both provinces and settled it upon 
his own issue, leaving the posterity of 
his son Eoghan Mor, and of Cormac 
Cas to succeed alternately to the so- 
vereignty of the two provinces of 
Munster." Keating's Hist, of Ireland, 
(Hal.) p. 137. 

If this Daire (the progenitor of the 
Dairine, was really contemporary with 
Deirgtliine, it is clear that the Book 
of Lea can is wrong, in making Maccon 
be his grandson ; for Keating, D. Mac 
Firbisigh and OTlaherty make Maccon 
the great grandson of Daire. The 
generations of the two lines of Deirg- 
thine and Dairine from these two pro- 
genitors down to Oilill Olum and 
Lughaidh Maccon were as follows : 

1 . Daire 1 . Deirgthine 

2. Lughaidh Laidhe 2. Derg 

3. Maicniadh 3. Mogh Neid 

I | 

4. Lughaidh Mac- 4. Mogh Nuadhat 

con, R. H. I 

5. Oilill Olum. 

m Fothadh Canann. Most autho- 
rities agree in making him the third 

son of Lughaidh Maccon king of Ire- 
land. OTlaherty asserts that he was 
the ancestor of the Campbels (in Irish 
Mac Cathlin) Earls of Argyleshire. 
He seems to have left Ireland for some 
time. The pedigree of O'Laeghaire 
of Ui-Laeghaire, (Tveleary,) in the 
county of Cork, is traced to him by 
some genealogists, and also that of 
O'Baire of Muintir-Bhaire in the pa- 
rish of Kilcroghane, in the west of the 
county of Cork. 

n Eochaidh Opthach. He was mo- 
narch of Ireland according to O'Fla- 
herty's Chronology, A.M. 3432. Keat- 
ing traces his pedigree to Lughaidh 
Mac Ith as follows : " Eochaidh Op- 
thach, son of Finn, son of Oilill, 
son of Flann Ruadh, son of Rothlan, 
son of Mairtine, son of Sithchinn, son 
of Riaghlan, son of Eoan Breac, son 
of Lughaidh, son of Ith." 

Eochaidh Eadghothach, otherwise 
called Eochaidh Eadghadhach. He 
was monarch of Ireland, A.M. 3041. 
He was " the son of Daire, son of 
Conall, son of Eadamhon, son of Mai, 
son of Lughaidh, son of Ith." Ktat. 
According to the Lcabhar-Gfthfif/fn, 

cbeAcb Acuf ^otb^b CA^ftpcbeAcb. 2lcur bo bo b^b <t)ur)i;AUcb 
<DeAj:cAcb .1. feAft At) COCA'S cbojccblt)b jcejt teAcb Cbu]t>b ACUJ- 
c 2t)bo5A ; ACitf UiTjAib 2t)Al, it) TT^5 jti3 710 Job ^ borbAt) 6 
eACA co LocblA^b, ACitf o Jr)bf]b O|tc co b-&rP A 1 T >j 
cbuc CAcb CA^T) 2t)A]l A 2t)ujvficberbT)e bo clo]t;b 19 I)- It 1 




co - 




bo jobAbAji cjvj 

i)-6|tet)b b'jb 


V T)-bub|iATr)A|i |teorbA]T)b 

t)A corbAepcA[b] bo 
C cor; 


Af b 

IA b- 

ACU|* A]tA^] ll^|lC, ACUf 
jr;i)f1 M]fC, ACUf CAljlAj 

, ACUJ- Co|ico Office, ACUJ* Cojtco 


Annals of the Four Masters, this mo- 
narch passed a law that the rank of 
his subjects should be distinguished 
by the color of their clothes, as, one 
color in the garment of a slave, two 
colors in the garment of a peasant, 
three in that of a soldier, four in that 
of a Brughaidh or public victualler, 
tive in that of a chief of a cantred, 
six in that of the Ollamh (or chief 
professor,) and seven in those of Kings 
and Queens. See also O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, part III. c. 23. 

v Maccon, i.e. Lughaidh Maccon. 
Sec note k, supra. 

1 Fothadh Airctheach, and Fothadh 
Cairptheach. They were sons of Mac- 
con, and succeeded as joint monarchs 
of Ireland after the death of Cairbre 
Liffeachair in the year A.T>. % 29B. See 

Ogygia, p. 153. A year after the 
commencement of their reign, Eothadh 
Cairptheach was slain by his brother 
Fothadh Airctheach, who was himself 
slain soon after at Ollarba [the river 
Larne,] in Magh-Line by Caeilte son 
of Konan, one of Finn Mac Cumhaill's 
champions. For a very curious ac- 
count of the identification at an ancient 
period, of the tomb of Fothadh Airc- 
theach, on which his name was in- 
scribed in Ogham characters, near the 
Ollarba, see Petrie's Round Towers 
of Ireland, pp. 105, 106. Tighearnach, 
the Annalist, does not mention either 
of these Fothadhs as monarchs of Ire- 
land, having evidently regarded them 
as usurpers, but makes Fiach Roiptine 
succeed Cairbre Liffeacliair at Tara. 
They are, however, mentioned a? joint- 

namely, Fathadh Airctheach and Fathadh'Cairptheach.q And of them 
was Dunghalach Deabhthach, r that is, the man of the general war 
between Leath-Chuinn and Leath-Mhogha ; and Lughaidh Mai, 8 the 
Royal Champion, who won [that part of] the world from Breatain- 
Leatha* to Lochlann" and from Innse h-0rc v to Spain, and who fought 
the battle of Cam-Mail in Muirtheimhne w against the Race of Ir, 
son of Milidh, the Race of Eibhear, and the Race of Eireamhon, and 
this great battle was gained by Lughaidh Mai, and it is said that he 
[then] took the sovereignty of all Eire [Ireland.] And of them was 
Eochaidh Ceannmhairc,* king of Munster. And not this alone, but 
they possessed Munster alternately from the time of Daire and Derg- 
theneadh to the time of Oilill 01um Y and Maicniadh. And the three 
kings of them, whom we have mentioned before, assumed the sove- 
reignty of Eire, after Oilill Olmn had violated [the conditions of] 
the joint sovereignty and covenant against Maicniadh, namely, Maccon 
and the two Fathadhs. Widely did their tribes extend throughout 
Ireland. For of them are the Dartraidhe ; z the Calraidhe Luirg; the 
Calraidhe of Caladh ; the Calraidhe of Inis Nisc ; the Calraidhe of 
Magh-Muirisc in Ui-Amhalghadha ; the Corca-Oirche ; the Corca 

monarchs of Ireland in the Annals of in use in Ireland to denote Denmark 

Clonmacnoise, but it is added that or Scandinavia. See O'Brien's Irish 

" these Fothies were none of the Blood Dictionary, in voce LOCHLANNACH. 

Royall," which shows that some doubts v Inrtse-h-Orc, i.e. the Orcades or 

were entertained as to their real lineage. Orkney Islands off the north coast of 

See note infra. Scotland. 

r Dunghalach Deabhthach, i.e. Dun- w CarnMail, i.e. Mai's earn or heap 

ghalach, the pugnacious. His period of stones. Not identified. Muir- 

is unknown to the Editor. thehnhne was the ancient name of that 

s Lughaidk-MaL It should be* At) ^115 part of the county of Louth extending 

ib]lJ5-' O'Flaherty mentions this cham- from Cuailgne or Cooley mountains to 

pion as of the race of Lughaidh, son of the river Boyne. See Leabhar na 

Ith,(OgygiaIII.67,) but does not state g-Ceart, p. 21, note s. 

when he flourished. He was the son of x Eochaidh Ceannmhairc. Unknown. 

Daire Sirchreachtach. See App. A. y From Doire and Deirgtheneaah to 

* Breatain-Leatha, i.e. Bretagne of the time of Oilill Olum, i.e. for about 

Letavia, or LetavianBritany inFrance. four generations. See note 1 supi a. 

See Ui-Fiachrach, p. 411. z Dartraidhe, &c. For the situation 

" Lochlann. This is the name still of these tribes see notes further on, 


ACUf 4 


ACUf if b]b f of Cof qtA|8| lAf t)A 

TT?AC ^ 

2t)uri)AT) ; ACUf 


26 Coftco 

1, A quo Cojico 


[bo] b 





ClAT)T) Tf)A|cb AC 


Cot) .1. 

A QUO 1)- 

; ACUf p|Acl)|tA, A QUO l)-llA 


*Maicniadh, i.e. son of the hero. 
This may have been a cognomen of 
Lughaidh ; but still it is clear that 
the compiler of the Book of Leacan 
has confounded Lughaidh Laidhe with 
his son Maicniadh, and thus shortened 
the line by one generation. Dubhal- 
tach Mac Firbisigh has supplied this 
from other compilations. 

*>Maccon, i.e. son of the hound, or 
hero. Keating accounts for the origin 
of this name by this little fable ; 

" Is in Olilli domo ut ejus praevig- 
nus, ut cujus matrem Sabham Conni 
Centiprsolii filiam Olillus uxorem ha- 
bebat, pusillus pusio versatus et non- 
dum vestigia figere peritus ad Olilli 
canem venaticum Aquilam Eubram 
nomine nianibus repens accessit, et 
canis infantulum ore saepius arripuit 
[recte a* ubera sorbenda accepit] nee 
tamen ab assiduo ad eum accessu co- 
erceri potuit, quae res illi nomen Mac- 
con peperit, quod perinde est ac canis 
venatici filius." Lynch. 

This, however, is clearly the con- 
jectured derivation of a posterior age. 
The name Maccon would certainly de- 
note filius canis, but it might be figu- 
ratively used to denote son of a hero, 
and this looks the more likely, as his 
father's name was Mac-niadh, i.e. son of 
a champion. The old Irish used the word 
cu, a dog, or hound, to denote a hero, 
or fierce warrior, and in this sense it 
frequently entered into the composi- 
tion of names of men, as Cu-mara, i.e. 
dog of the sea ; Cu-Uladh, dog of 
Ulster; Cu-Mumhan, dog of Munster. 
In the same sense the Latins used Ca- 
tullus, Cato, and the Greeks Cyrus. 

c Aenghus Gaifuileach, i.e. Aenghus 
of the bloody spear. He is also Aen- 
ghus Bolg, i.e. Aenghns of the sacks 
or quivers. The name Aenghus, 
which is anglicized Angus, Enos, and 
Latinized .^Eneas, is compounded of 
2let), singular, excellent, and 5111% 
deed, or act. The word sur and 5^1, 
valor, fight, enter into the composi- 

Laidhe North and South, East and West; and Laighis-h-Uan-Eneachlais 
in Cualann; and also the Dal-Mesincorb in Laighin; and of them are 
the Cascraidhe in the Deise-Mumhan ; and of them was Daniel son of 


Lughaidh Laidhe, from whom the Corca- Laidhe, was the son of 
Daire Sirchreachtach. Another name for him was Sen Lughaidh. 
He had a son another Lughaidh, i.e. Maccon, and Lughaidh was also 
the name of Daire, if some of the poets say truly. Maicniadh a was 
the [popular] name of Lughaidh Laidhe. Maccon b had a celebrated 
son, namely, Maicniadh. Maicniadh had good sons, namely, Aenghus 
Gaifuileach, c from whom [descends] Ua Eidersceoil ; d Duach, from 
whom Ua Cohhthaigh; and Fiachra from whom Ua Floinn-Arda. f 

tion of names of men amongst the 
ancient Irish, Fearghus, Fearghal ; 
Donnghus, Donnghall, &c. 

Ua Eidersceoil, i.e Nepos Eders- 
celi, or Ederscelides, now anglicized 
O'Driscoll. Eiderscel was formerly 
very common as the name of a man 
denoting interpreter or interlocutor. 
The progenitor, from whom this sur- 
name was taken, was Eiderscel, son of 
Finn, the sixteenth in descent from 
Lughaidh Maccon, monarch of Ire- 
land. The author of Carbrice Notitia 
is certainly in error, when he writes 
that O'Driscoll is descended from Con- 
aire Mor son of Eiderscel, monarch of 
Ireland. " And tho' I doe believe that 
O'Driscoll is of royall extraction, be- 
cause I conceive he is descended from 
Conary Mor Mac Eidriscoll, king of 
all Ireland, since even Dr. Keating 
confesseth that his posterity were seat- 
ed in 1 veragh and the west of Mun- 
ster, yet the Irish antiquaries say 
there are but eight royall familyes in 

Munster, whereof we have three in 
Carbry, viz. Mac Carthy, O'Mahony 
and O'Donovan." This writer should 
have known that the families of Ive- 
ragh and the west of Munster, men- 
tioned by Dr. Keating as descended 
from Conaire son of Eiderscel, were the 
O'Falvys', O'Sheas', O'Connells', and 
their correlatives. See Leabhar na 
g-Ceart, pp. 47, 76; and that Keating 
actually gives the pedigree of O'Dris- 
coll from Lughaidh Maccon, king of 

e Ua Cobhthaigh, i.e. nepos Cobh- 
thachi, now O'Coffey and O'Cowhig. 
The name Cobhthach denotes Victor 
or Victorious. The progenitor after 
whom the surname was called was 
Cobhthach Finn, son of Dunghalach, 
the twelfth in descent from Lughaidh 
Maccon. This family was seated in 
the barony of Barryroe, where Dun- 
tli-Chobhthaig still marks their an- 
cient residence. 

f O'Floinn-Arda, i.e. O'Flynn of Ar- 



b6 27 


> ACUf }*OcbAb CA1}AT)b. 

SierjcbenbA BenjiA ACUf }^r)bcbAeri) itjjet) KOT^A^T) A 
ACU| bo CbeAjibjtAib TbeArbjiAcb bop cbejib 'f A f e]lb Ajt 
A jtobAbAji c-fqlb AJI cuf . 3^T ACUf 3 e ft ACUf 


Do clojT)t> ^ienuv^, ttiejc 

A quo b- 

b^b []*6]T 

bo 2t)Accot) 

13 A TTJAC 6ibe]t]*ceo]l TTJ^C ppb .1. pACAb ACUJ* CAcbjiA 
CbAcbjtA rt)e]c 6^b]|ifceo]l .1. cUt)b 'pbl^b 
n)AC CACTJA rtj]c /be]t|*ceo^l Af IAJ]* bo 

Cl^] ClAT)b pjTjb Tl?]cMuAbAb .1. 

; ACUf Jrjco^ A guo clAT)b JTJCOTJA, 

2t)AC bO "pACAb TI7AC 7-]T) 

)AC COT) TO AC bo 2t)AC Cot) . 

TJ7AC AC pjDb .1. pACAb ACUf C]A|irbAC, A ?[UO ClAT)b C]A]|trbe]C. 

T/frj Tt?^]c AC pocbAb .1. <DoT)bcbAb 2t)6]t, 6 CA^C -jr) ]VJ5jt<v|b; Aciif 

"pACAb OC A (JUO clAT)b pocbAjb, ACUf ^UTjlAT^S A QUO ClAT)b 13U1)- 

AC pACAb [TOAC T^tJb] .1. 2leb 3^^ IT 

da. The chief of this family resided 
at Ardagh Castle, situate nearly mid- 
way between Skibbereeu and Balti- 
more, in the barony of West Carbery 
and county of Cork. See O'Brien's 
Irish Dictionary invoce FLANN, and 
also in voce COBHTHACH, where he 
has some curious remarks upon the 
three families last mentioned. See 
note on Tuaith Ua Dubhdaledhe Trio- 
cha ched Medhonach infra. 

& Fotkadh Airctheach, &c. See notes 
in and q supra. 

h The three sons of Aenchearda 
Rheara. These are frequently men- 
tinned in Irish Romances as warriors. 

* Finnchaemh, daughter of Ronan. 
Her history is unknown to the Editor. 

k Garrdha, now called Garrdha Ua 
g-Cairbre, i.e. the garden of Carbery. 
The author of Carbrioc Notitia de- 
scribes this district as follows :" Three 
miles west of Ross lyes the harbour of 
Glandore, which is an exceeding good 
haven, and near it is a castle of the 
same name, and on the other side lyes 
a small territory called the Garry, 
(quasi the Garden) which is the best 
land in West Carberry, and off it half 
a league in the sea lyes a small island 
called the Squince." &c. 

And again, westward of the Garrr 

t4jt>e. 11 

The three Fothadhs were three other sons of his, namely, Fothadh 
AirctheacbJf and Fothadh Cairptheach and Fathadh Canann. The three 
Mic Aenchearda of Beara h were three other sons of his, and Finn- 
chaemh daughter of Ronan 1 was their mother ; and the Ceard [artificer], 
in whose custody they were at first, was of the Ceardraidh of Teamh- 
air : Glas, Gear, and Gubha were their names. 



Eiderscel, son of Finn, had two sons, namely, Fathadh and 
Cathra [Cathna.] The race of Cathra [Cathna,] son of Eiderscel, 
were the Clann-Finn of Garrdha. k [Macraith, son of Cathna, son of 
Eiders-eel, was he by whom Teampull-mor-Fachtria, 1 at Ros-Ailithre 
was erected.] The sons of Finn, son of Nuadhad, were Eiders-eel, 
from whom Ua Eiderscel, and Intogha, from whom Clann-Intogha; 
and of them are [the Clann-Maghnusa. Son to Fathadh son of Finn 
was Maccon ; son to Maccon was Finn.] Finn had two sons, namely, 
Fathadh and Ciarmhac, from whom the Clann-Ciarmhaic. Fathadh 
had three sons, namely, Donnchadh Mor, from whom the chieftains, 
Futhadh Og, from whom the Claim- Fathaidh and Dunlang, from whom 
the Clann-Dunlaing. Fathadh [son of Finn] had another son, namely, 
Aedh Garbh; 01 it is from him [are sprung] the people of Bearra and 

is the harbour of Castlehaven, &c. but we may safely infer that the church 

See also Smith's Natural and Civil erected here at so early a period was 

History of Cork, vol. I. p. 271. one of very small dimensions. The 

1 Teampull mor Fachtna at Ros-ail- only building of St. Fachtna's time 

ithre, i.e. the cathedral church of now remaining is a small chapel about 

Rosscarbery in the county of Cork. twelve feet long and eight feet broad, 

This is inserted from the Book of situate about half a mile to the east 

Baile an Mhuta. See Harris's Edition of the town. See Smith's Natural 

of Ware's Bishops, p. 583. This and Civil History of Cork, vol. I. p. 

Maccraith flourished in the tenth cen- 266. 

tury, if we may judge by his genea- m Aedh Garbh, i.e. Aidus Asper, or 

logy. Harris thinks that the Catlie- Hugh the Rough. According to the 

dral of Ros-ailithre was erected by St. Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 

Fachtna, the founder of the see, who fallen, he was slain in the year 1212 

flourished early in the sixth century ; by the Ui Ceaclagain. 







ACitf -A ^ce|ifceo] e^fi] co 
AC <t>ot)bcbA8 2t)6ji, n>AC pod)^, 
Ttrjc pod)^^ Ttrjc 6cejt|*ceojl .1. 2t)AC- 

ACUf 1u5Al8. LugA-jS, T)O T^Tjb, A ^V 
A^S A qUO ClAT)b LU5A&A. ^A Tl^AC AC 

2HAfi)b. C6|c 
ACUJ* ^rj 
. 2let) TTJAC AC 'DorjbcbAb .1. 

AC 2t)ACCjiA|cb i- COTJCO- 

ACU]* 2t)ACCOt), ACUf 'p|l)&, ACUf 

TT)AC TJA So^^e. 'Ci rt)eC AC 


AC C)oii)T)All .1. <t)]A|irr)A^b, 3() 


2t)ACC01) .1. pl^ 

.1. } r AcbA 
rbo]t :32 AC 
ClAt)t) 33 6c 


8 AC 


. ClAT)b 
2t)eccot) .1. 

T). 31 Cl<vr)b 

t)0 ClO)t)t> 



n UaEidersceoilofBeara,i.e. O'Dris- 
coll of Beare, now a barony in the 
south-west of the county of Cork. 
The family of O'Suileabhain (O'Sulli- 
van) afterwards settled in this territory 
1. Fothadh, 

and drove out the ODriscolls. 

Maccraith the Hospitable. He was 
chief of Corca Laidhe about the year 
1418, as may be calculated from his 
place in the pedigree _ 

2. Donnchadh Mor, 

2. AedhGarbh 

, slain A.D. 


3. Macraith, 

3. Amhlaeibh Gascuineach, 
slain 1234. 

4. Donnchad Got, 
5. Finghin, 
6. Maccon, d. 1418, 

4. Aedh Alainn, 
5. Donnchadh, 
f>. Macraith. 


Ua Eiders -ceoil of Bearra" with their correlatives. Donnchadh Mor 
son of Fathadh, son of Finn, son of Maccon, son of Fathadh, [son 
of Finn, son of Maccon, son of Fathadh,] son of Eiders-eel, had 
three sons, namely, Maccraith., Finn, and Lughaidh; from Finn [are 
sprung] the Clann-Bhaltair, and from Lughaidh the Clann-Lughadha. 
Maccraith had two sons, namely, Donnchadh Got and Aedh Alainn. 
Aedh Alainn had five sons, namely, Donnchadh, Maccon, Finn, Muir- 
cheartach, and Domhnall. Donnchadh had one son, namely, Mac- 
craith the Hospitahle, head of the tribe. Maccraith had six sons, 
namely, Conchohhar, Amhlaeibh, Maccon, Finn, Domhnall Carrach, 
and Aedh, son of the Danish woman. Finn, son of Aedh, had three 
sons, namely, Conchobhar, Muircheartach, and Donnchadh : these 
three became extinct. Domhnall had one son, Diarmaid : Diarmaid 
had one son, namely, Domhnall Og, who died without issue. Maccon 
had three sons who had issue, namely, Finghin, Aedh, and Domhnall. 
Finghinhad two sons, namely, Maccon, and Diarmaid. Muircheartach, 
son of ^edh, had two sons, namely, Fathadh and Diarmaid : these two 
had goodly issue. Domhnall, son of Maccon, had great sons, namely, 
Conchobhar and Donnchadh. Aedh had young sons not enumerated, 
called the Clann-Aedha. 


His name was Amhlaeibh, and he was the fourth son of Donnchadh 
Mor. From him Clann-an-Ghascunaigh are named. The reason that 
he was called the Gascon was this : he was given as a pledge for wine 
to the crew of a merchant's ship from Gascony in his twelfth year, and 

P The Gascon. The death of this 

warrior is recorded in the Bodleian AtIX 1234. The defeat of Traigh Li 

copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, [Tralee] given by the English to the 

under the year 1234 as follows :_ Irish> bv which was slain Diarmaid, 

A.D. 1234. KuA 3 Ctm5* If U 3*1- son of Cormac Liathanach and many 

l*lb ATI 3AeSeAlA]b, b'&fi n^nbAfc other good persons of Deas-mhumhain 

Connie IIACADAIT;, ocur [DeS mond]; and it was on this occasion 

elf bo Gagcunach O 'h-Eidirsceoil and 

Tf *W HO & ,.. . . 

O'b-e 8 mrce,l ocur Mu - cheartach hls Bother fell. 


AfA 5^r cu 1 t ^ 1 ' >x C 1 1 ^ <x *^ bl|A8Ar; bee, Acup bo bj 
ti]fie8 bo fAifij fjt)A b-&, cop beAftb<v8 A]jt bqtb T> 
Acuf r^rjjc ^i) jrjr) cei) u]jieAfbAi8 fte T)A Ijijb, Acuf bA 
ce8 A]t A A]f b-& curt) A cblft] bo8et) ; 37 Acuf 
Ab bejiAji ClAi)b ]i) 3[b]^rc^i)]5 |ie TJ-A clo]i)b. 

2t)AC cop 3^1f c 1 ut ^ AC b ! CJorjbcbAb. ^)A rbAC AC 

.1. ^)|A]tTT)A]b ACUf pocbA8. 2let) T17AC AC poCA& .1. 

C>A TT)AC AC <t)OT)bcbA8 .1. 2t)ACC|lA^cb ACUf 2lrblA]Tb^ ACUj* 

. C6]c r^e^c AC 

13 - 1 - ^t)u]]tcbe]tcAcb, ACUJ* 

ACUj* 2t)ACC|tA^cb }*P^ ACU|* 

ACUJ* orjbcA A. 2ter> TT^AC^ [cji^ roe^c^J AC 

.1. 7"1t)5^) ACUf 2t)ACC|tA]cb ACU|* CoT)6obA]t. T^jl] TTje^C AC 

cbAb .1. pji^ger) Acuf 2t)Accfuv|c [Acuf ]t)] 2t)A]5|fce|i .1. 

ClAT)b 2t)ejCC|lA^cb .1. ^OTbtJAll ACUf bA W5]W .1. ^1)bUAlA ACUf 

^jfibAil. CeAcbjiA rt)&] c AC ^orbpAll .1. ^orjbcbAb Acuf 2ie8, 

ACUf 2t)ACC]tAjcb, ACUf <l3|A|lTOAlb. ^A TTJAC 

.1. 2UblAjb, Acuf < Dot)bcbA8. 2lei) rb^c AC < t)or)bcbA8 .1. 

- 2t)AC AC 2tri7lAjb .1. 2lTT)lA]b Oc. S6 Tt>e]C AC 

.1. 2t)ACCOT), Acuf 2t)Acc]tAicb^ Acuf C)or>bcbA8 TJA KACA,, Acuf 2lrb- 
uA8, Acuf 2lei)5Uf, Acuf T^ASj. 2iet) 38 rt)Ac AC <t)oi)bcA& I^A 

.1. 21^8 KUA8, ACUf T17AC A^lj b6 C>O1)bcbA8 Oc. ^A T17AC AC 
.1. <DoT)bCA8, ACUf 2t)ACC]lA^cb Oc. 2t)AC Tt)A]cb AC 

KuA8 .1. 2t)u|jicbejtcAcb RuA8. MAG] roejc AC 2t)ACcor> 

TI)AC plT)51t) ! 'DorbTJAll 3^1% ACUf 7~W5\V> ACUf ^>OT)bCA8^ ACUf 
2t)ACCOT), ACUf ^^AjtrOAjb, ACUf 2le8, ACUf 2t)ACC]tA^cb^ ACUf 


<i The vines grew without defect. It 100, and Tribes and Genealogies of 

was the belief among the ancient Irish Ui Fiachrach, p. 286. 

that the presence or superintendence r Clann an Ghascunaigh. The Edi- 

of one of ancient pure noble blood tor is of opinion that the Gascoynes of 

and righteous principles, had an effect Munster are of this tribe ; but he has 

upon the seasons and the fruits of the discovered nothing to prove it. 

earth. See battle of Magh Rath, p. O'Mathylwmhnn, now anglicized 


he remained in the East [in Gascony], until he was set to take care of 
vines, when it was proved that he was of noble blood, for the vines 
grew without defect q during his time, and he was conveyed back to his 
own country ; and it is for that reason that his race are called Clann- 
an Ghascunaigh. r 

The Gascon had a son, namely, Donnchadh. Donnchadh had two 
sons, namely, Diarmaid and Fothadh. Fothadh had one son, namely, 
another Donnchadh. Donnchadh had two sons, namely, Maccraith 
and Amhlaimh; and Orlaith, daughter of O'Mathghamhna, 8 was their 
mother. Diarmaid, son of Donnchadh, son of the Gascon, had five 
sons, namely, Muircheartach, Diarmaid Eachtach, Maccraith Finn, 
Amhlaibh Gael, 1 and Donnchadh Balbh. Muircheartach had [one] 
three sons, namely, Finghin, Macraith and Conchobhar. Donnchadh 
had three sons, namely, Finghin, Maccraith, and the Master," i.e. 
Aedh. The issue of Maccraith were Domhnall, and two daughters, 
Finnuala v and Dirbhail. w Domhnall had four sons, namely, Donn- 
chadh, Aedh, Maccraith, and Diarmaid. The Master had two sons, 
namely, Amhlaibh and Donnchadh. Donnchadh had one son, namely, 
the Camchosach. x Amhlaibh had a son, Amhlaibh Og. 

Finghin, son of Donnchadh Got, son of Maccraith, son of Donn- 
chadh Mor, had six sons, namely, Maccon, Maccraith, Donnchadh 
of Rath, Amhlaibh Ruadh, Aenghus, and Tadhg. Donnchadh of 
Rath had a son Aedh Ruadh, and Donnchadh Og was another son of 
his. Maccraith had two sons, namely, Donnchadh and Maccraith Og. 
Amhlaibh Ruadh had a goodly son, namely, Muircheartach Ruadh. 
Maccon, son of Finghin, had nine sons, namely, Domhnall Glas, 
Finghin, Donnchadh, Maccon, Diarmaid, Aedh, Maccraith, Muir- 
cheartach, and Daire. 

O'Mahony. Orlaidh, i.e. golden prin- v Finnuala, more usually written 

cess, is now obsolete as the name of a Finnghuala, i.e. of the fair shoulders, 

woman. This name is anglicized Finola, and 

fc Amhlaeibh Gael, i.e. Auliff, Awley, sometimes made Penelope, 

or Anlaff, the Slender. w Dirbhail, Dervilia, now obsolete 

u The Master, i. e. the Schoolmaster. as the name of a woman. 

He was probably master of the School * Camchosach, i.e. the bandy-legged, 
of Ros-ailithre. 




<t)ubbuir) Acup 'poUccAcb 
TTJAC plAT)bAir), 3a 
rt^c CobbAjt), 





A quo 

.1. bA 2ter)5U|* .1. 2let)5uf Bolcc 
. 'Gjvj rtjejc pU^Air) .1. 2t)ocboT)bA^ ACU 

2t) A 


, 42 ID^C Coluirt), tt?ic MAC!)], tt^c 2tei)5U]A Bu^lc. 




y Eiderscel. This is the progenitor, name. No reference to him occurs in 
after whom the Ui Eidersceoil or the Irish annals. He must have flou- 
O'Driscolls took their hereditary sur- rished about the year 942, as, accord- 


Dubhduin and Folachtach, 
two sons of Flannan, 
son of Cobdan, 
son of Flannan, 
son of Brandubh, 
son of Eiderscel, 
son of Nathe, 
son of Aenghus Bolg, 
[son of Maicniadh,] 
son of Lughaidh [Maccon,] 
son of Maicniadh, 
son of Lughaidh Laidhe, from 

whom the Corca-Laidhe [are 



son of Finn, 

son of Nuadhat, 

son of Donnghal, 

son of Murthuile, 

son of Dunghus, 

son of Aenghus, 

son of Folachtach, 

son of Flannan, 

son of Cobdan, 

son of Flannan, 

son of Brandubh, 

son of Eiderscel, 

son of Nathe, 

son of Aenghus, 

son of Maicniadh, 

son of Lughaidh, 

[son of Maicniadh,] 

son of Lughaidh Laidhe, 

son of Daire Sirchreachtach, 

son of Firuillne. 

Lughaidh Laidhe had two sons, namely, two Aenghuses, i.e. Aenghus 
Bolg and Aenghus Duibhfhleasc. Flannan had three sons, namely 
Mochonna, Eilltene, and Coluni. Eiltene had two sons, namely, 
Indlighe and Uisene. Aillene was the grandson of Ithmhaine, son of 
Colum. Condadh was son of Eochaidh, son of Mairdean, son of 
Colum, son of Nathe, son of Aenghus Bolg. Eoghan was son of 
Sleibhine, son of Condadh, son of Eochaidh. Cudamhna was son of 
Maelaithghin,son of Saithgheal, son of Seanach, son of Nathe. Nathe 
had three sons, namely, Eiderscel, Colaim, Seanach. 

ing to the pedigree, Aedh Garbh 
O h-Edirsgeoil, (who was slain in 1212,) 
was the eighth in descent from him. 
The omissions by the scribe in this 

line hare been inserted in brackets 
from the Book of Baile an Mhuta and 
other authorities. 


Mut)c h- 

rt)]c 2tii)Al5A, rt)]c 2iet)5UfA Bu^lc. 

t)-t>uitlei^c, -dcuf 1vu<i 

1 1 ) le--dB4|t ^t 

. Ho 47 

Bu^lc, A quo b-U] C)u]ble^c, Acuf ^A^rje Ce|i|i 
Bu^lc, A auo b-U] 2l]cbi)e, ACUJ cerjel 2t)A]ct)e [t)o 
ec cecejt^. 

^terjgufA, .1, 6ce|i|*cel ACU| Column?. 
.1. 'peAfiA 

bATT), BjtUT)bObflAT), ACUf faV&V BAecb- T^T 1 ! Tt> e 1 c Cbolu]T1) 

MAcbl .1. 
ceo^l .1. 

), 2le8, ScAT)btAT), 

, 50 CAcbu]*At). 'Cjt] 11)6] C plAT)bA^T)^ 11)1 C BjtAT)- 

.1. Coi)All, ACU|* U]fT)e, ACU|* CobcAi). Jt)5^t) b6 
l^jeT) TlAi)bA^t) A C^ll ^tJuJA^e. C)A rt)AC TlA^bA^t), .1. 
ACUJ* polACCAC. Ce]C]tj rt)ejc TotAccA^cb .1. COTJAU, ACUf 
ACU|* CJu^AlAcb, ACU|* 2lei;5uf . 2t)A]i)e, H)AC Slei^JufA bA TT)AC IA^* 

.1. 6l)1)A ACUf CAcbjlA, ACUf A61) ItJJeT) lA^f .1. 

z T/te Book which the poor people ing to the book of Bally mote this book 
devoured in the wilderness. Accord- was devoured by ACAJC, i.e. plebeians. 



Dimsach, son of Feidhlimidh, 

son of Coibhdeanach, son of Eanna, 

son of Guana, son of Maine Cearr, 

son of Amhalgha, son of Aenghus Bolg. 

Eanna, son of Maine Cearr had three sons, namely, Feidhlimidh, 
Duach, Aenghus. Feidhlimidh, son of Eanna, had six sons, namely, 
Amhalghaidh, Combruit, Minde, Eimhine, Fearghus Feringaurthana, 


Aenghus, son of Maicniadh, had four sons, namely, Nathe, Maine, 
Oilill Beag, Aenghus Duibhfhleasc. These four succeeded to the 
lands of their father. Aenghus Nemhdhearg, son of Aenghus Duibh- 
leasc, son of Aenghus Bolg, was he from whom [are descended] the 
Ui-Duibhleasc ; and Maine Cearr, son of Aenghus Bolg, from whom 
the Ui-Aithne, and the Cineal-Maithne (or Maine) &c. 

Nathe, son of Aenghus, had two sons, namely, Eiderscel and Coluim. 
Eiderscel had seven [six] sons, namely, Fearadhach, Ainmire, Al, Bran- 
dubh, Brunnodhran and Fearghus Baeth. Colum, son of Nathe, had three 
sons, namely, Mairnin, Flaithnin, Aedh. Al, son of Eiderscel, had three 
sons, namely, Sceallan, Colman, Finan. Brandubh, son of Eiderscel, 
had seven sons, namely, Flannan, Aedh, Scannlan, Eochaidh Daimh- 
ine, Cormac, Fiama, Cathusan. Flannan, son of Brandubh, had 
three sons, namely, Conall, Uisne, and Cobchan. Mughain, daughter 
of Flannan, of Cill-Mughaine, a was his daughter. Flannan [son of 
Cobchan] had two sons, namely, Dubhduin and Folachtach. Folach- 
tach had four sons, namely, Conall, Criche, Dunghalach and Aenghus- 
Maine, son of Aenghus, had two sons, namely, Eanna and Cathra, and 

a Mughain of Cill-Mughaine, now The pedigree of this virgin is not given 
Kilmoone in the barony of Kinelmeaky. by the O'Clerys. 




> ACUf If A|t>5|l 

It* At)b |io bA| |t) co||*eAcb 52 
A|t ||* bee Ti7-bl|A8r)A frjcbeb |teri) 
C|A|tAt) SA|5||t, Aii)A|l Afbe|ic |t) f|l| |*o : 

SAISIJI |*uA||i 

pocbAb CAcbA||t A|t A b|tu ; 

J C|i)b r|t|cl)Ab bl|A8A|r> bAi^b 

Coi)CObA|t At)t) ACU|* CU. 

)|* AT)b |*|T) |A|turb bo cA||t|tr>3||i Cot)All [ACU|*] 
rj-ebA||ic : 

bo c|to||* 


bU|T)b b|A|& A6T) I A 


PO&60I& 54 bo 5ebA Cot) All. 

^ ^o cbA||t|iT)5||t bo Uib 55 6ce|t|ceo|l |t|5| ACU|* A||t- 
co b|tAcl), ACU|* |f 6 fO|tf ACA|b bo |i|5 Cbo|tco l,A|5| 

b Lighain, more usually called 
Liadhain and Liedania. See Ussher's 
Primordia, p. 792, and Colgan's Acta 
Sanctorum, pp. 458, 464. Her son, 
St. Ciaran Saighre established a nun- 
nery for her in the neighbourhood of 
Saighir at a place called Cill-Liadh- 
aine, now anglicized Killyon, a small 
village situate in the barony of Fir- 
call, King's County, nearly midway 
between Birr and Kinnity. "Jam 
dictus Biographus Hibernice Sancto- 
rum primogenitum ilium [Keranum] 
appellate turn praeterea addens, non 
modo Liadanam eum matrem_/icfe/em 
Christianam et Sanctam Dei famulam 
effecisse (Cella eidem in propinquo 
loco aedificata, qua dicitur Scotice, 
CeAll l]bA]T) ;) sed etiam suam gentem, 
id est, Osraigi, et plurimos alios de 

errore gentilitatis ad Christifidem con- 
vertisse" Primord. p. 792. 

c Fintract-Clere, i.e. the fair or 
white strand of Cape Clear Island in 
the south of the County of Cork. This 
strand is now called Traigh-Chiarain. 
It is described as follows in Smith's 
Natural and Civil History of Cork, b. 
ii. c. 4. 

" A little to the east of the castle [of 
Dunanore, on the N.W. point of Cape 
Clear island,] is a cove called Tra-Ki- 
eran, i.e. St. Kieran's strand, on which 
is a pillar stone with a cross rudely cut 
towards the top, that, they say, was 
the workmanship of St. Kieran ; and 
near it stand the walls of a ruined 
church, dedicated to the same saint. 
This stone they hold in great_venera- 
tion, and assemble round it every fifth 


one daughter, i.e. Lighain daughter of Maine, b who was the mother 
of Ciaran of Saighir : he was born at Fintracht-Clere, c and the angels 
attended upon her. The orders of heaven baptized him. Here was 
[dwelling] the chieftain who first believed in the Cross in Ireland, for 
Ciaran had taken Saighir thirty years before Patrick arrived, as the 
poet said 

Saighir the cold d 

Found a city on its brink ; 

At the end of thirty pleasant years 

I shall meet there and thou. 

It was then too he [Patrick] predicted Conall and Fachtna, e of whom 
he said : 

A son shall be born at Tulach-teann, 
Good to us shall one day be his church, 
Many monks and steady monasteries 
Conall shall rule after him. 

It was he [Ciaran] that predicted to the progeny of EidersceF reign 
and chieftainship over their race for ever; and it was he that left to the 

of March, on which day they celebrate 
the festival of their patron. " Accord- 
ing to Ussher's Chronological Index, 
and the Dublin copy of the Annals of 
Innisfallen, St. Kieran was born in 
the year A.D. 352; he studied at 
Rome, and in the year A.D. 402, 
founded Saighir. 

d Saighir the cold. This is referred to 
as nomen fontis, in the Feilire Aen- 
yuis at fifth of March. The place is 
now called in Irish Saighir-Chiarain 
anglicized Serkieran, which is a town- 
land, containing the ruins of a church, 
in a parish of the same name, 
in the barony of Ballybritt, King's 
County. See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 
791, 792, and Colgan's Acta SS. p. 

* Conall and Farhlna. This should 

be Fachtna and Conall. Fachtna, who 
had been abbot of Molana in the County 
of Waterford, founded Ros-ailithre, 
about the year 590. See Colgan's 
Acta SS. p. 596. 

* To the Race ofEidirscel, i.e. to the 
race of Eiderscel, son of Nathe, who 
was contemporary with St. Ciaran, and 
his relative, as will appear from the 
following genealogical table ; 
Aengbus Gaifuileach, 

Nathe Aenghus 

Eiderscel Liadliain or Liedania 

St. Ciaran Saighre. 
The Ui Eidersceoil, or O'Driscoll's, 
took their hereditary surname not from 
this Eiderscel, but from Eiderscel, son 
of Finn, the twelfth in descent from 


&ij|clAr)b 7115 ciqqb 66 xVfi c^bert) cbftoin ACO AJI bu|*. 2lcu|* 
rjAeri) 6jtet)b, Acuf ^ 6 CIAJIAT) jto u 

b6]b AIJl d)]ll 


AfC] Ajl CUf 




J Cor>All CUet>. )|* 6 

A bO CI)OT)All ACUf bO 

bo^b A T)-2ljib t)A b-PA|tCAT) A w-faff bjc. b- 


g Cill-Chiarain, i.e. St. Ciaran's 
church. The ruins of this church are 
still to be seen near the strand of 
Traigh-Chiarain on the Island of Cape 
Cleare. See note c supra. The cross 
here referred to is also still to be seen 
sculptured on a pillar stone near Cill- 
Chiarain. For a curious reference to 
a similar cross sculptured on a stone 
near Ballina-Tirawley by St. Patrick, 
see Genealogies, fyc. of Ui-Fiachrach, 
p. 468. 

A similar account of the birth of 
St. Ciaran on this island, and of the 
conversion of the inhabitants to Chris- 
tianity, is given by the Scholiast of 
Aengus at the fifth of March, which 
is translated by Colgan as follows, 
Acta SS. p. 471 . 

" Maguir verb ad 5 Martii, fuse de 
ipso disserit. Patricius, inquit, de S. 
Kierano cecinit ; est fons Saigh-fhuar 
dictus : ad quern extrues Cathedram 
tuam : et ego ibi post annos triginta 
conveniam te. Kieranus hie fuit filius 

ACUf bO 



Brandubii, filii Bressalii, filii Branii, 
filii Fianbothae, filii Nessarii, filii Di- 
mani, &c. Liedania filia Manii Cherr, 
filii JEngussii de stirpe Lugadii, filii 
Ithi, fuit mater S. Kierani : et Fin- 
tracht est nomen loci, in quo natus 
est. Et incolse Regionis de Corca- 
Laigde, in qua natus est, erant primi, 
qui in Hibernia crediderunt. Kier- 
anus autem incoluit Sagiriam annis 
triginta ante adventum Patricii. Pro- 
phetavit Kieranus de S. Conallo et S. 
Fachtnano de Kos-alithir dicens ; nas- 
cetur filius in Tulachteann, qui nobis 
fido amicitias foedere junctus erit .- et 
post eum multos monachos, et Mo- 
nasteria reget Conallus. Praedixit 
etiam familiam Heterscheolanam Do- 
minium et Principatum in sua regione 
continue obtentaturam ; et principem 
de Corca-Laigdhe habiturum publicam 
potestatem jus dicendi, et mulctas exi- 
gendi in sua provincia, modo fidem 
Christi amplectatur, et suam colat cli- 
entelam. Fuit Kieranus primarius 


king of Corca-Laidhe the eniclann of a king of a province for their 
having first believed in the Cross. And Ciaran is the senior of the 
saints of Eire ; and it was he Ciaran that granted it [i.e. the privilege] 
to them for having been the first to grant him Cill-Chiarain.s 

Eanna, son of Maine Cearr, son of Aenghus Bolg, had two other 
sons, namely, Ailill [Comard] and Conall Claen. It was this Conall 
that compiled this Book of Dues h for Conall and Fachtna, and that pre- 
sented it to them at Ard-na-b-Partan in Inis-beag. 1 

The Ui-Duibhlisc, the Ui-Builg, and the people of Gleann-Sibhne, k 
and of Bearra, 1 are of the race of Aenghus Bolg, son of Maicniadh 
[son of Lughaidh Maicniadh.] Aenghus Ceannfhoda, son of Eanna, 
son of Maine Cearr, son of Aenghus Bolg, had two sons, namely, 
Eanna and Muireadhach. 

sanctorum Hibernige. Fuit etiam vir 
valde locuples in armentorum passion- 
ibus. Domus ejus armentaria sive 
bovile decem habebat portas, et decem 
particularia reclusoria : in singulis 
erant decem vituli ; et singulos vitulos 
decem alebant vaccae. Kieranus de 
eorum fructu, et lacticinus nihil gus- 
tabat, quamdiu vixit ; sed omnia inter 
Christ! pauperes et egenos distribue- 
bat. Habebat etiam equos jugales 
quinquaginta pro aratro et agricul- 
tura. Nee tamen de eorum fructu vel 
unum tota vita comedebat panem. 
Cibus ejus quotidianus, quern vesper! 
tantum sumebat, erat una bucella 
panis hordeaci cum crudarum herba- 
rum obsonio, et frigid! fontis haustu. 
Ejus vestis erat ex cervinis pellibus, 
quas humido stragulo superindutus 
obducebat. Quando aliquantulum 
pausabat saxum erat ipsi pulvinaris 

h This Book of Dues. This passage 

was evidently extracted from some 
book of tributes belonging to the 
church of Ros-ailithre. Colgan quotes 
Cathaldus Maguire who refers to a 
life of St. Ciaran, written by Cairneach 
Mael, which was preserved at Serkie- 
ran. " Carnechus cognomento Mael 
est qui Kierani mirabilia miro et ele- 
ganti metro conscripsit, ej usque opus 
Sagirias adhuc asservatur : et quicum- 
que illud legerit anirnam Carnechi 
scriptoris Deo recommendet." Acta 
SS. p. 471, col. 1. 

i Ard-na-b-Partan in Inis-beag, i.e. 
Crab-fish hill on the Little island. This 
island is still so called in Irish, and 
anglicized Inishbeg. It belongs to 
the parish of Aghadown, East division 
of West Carbery. See the Ordnance 
Map of the County of Cork. Sheet 150. 

k Gleann-Sibhne, i.e. glen or valley 
of bullrushes, not identified. 

l Bearra, now Beare, a territory in 
the south-west of the County of Cork. 







|io bo 


AI A <juo TJA 
LA]*A]|I i^ 


^ A quo Cojico 

Ti)]c Mqll, 

i)0 ji 




, bo 

]i) t>l fli) ACU]* ^eb bo|* ^ruc AT)O]|t. BA b-olc 

m Inis-duine, i.e. the island of Man, 
now Inchydoney, an island in the bay 
of Clonakilty, which divides the barony 
of Ibawne from that of Barryroe in 
the County of Cork. See Smith's 
Natural and Civil History of Cork, 
vol. I. Book II. c. 3. 

n Seal Balbh, i.e. Seal the Stain- 

merer. OTlaherty says that Bania, 
daughter of Seal Balbh, king of Fin- 
land, was the Queen of Tuathal 
Teachtmhar, monarch of Ireland, A. D. 
130. A personage of the name seems 
to have flourished in Ireland from the 
many places named after him, as 
Gleann-an-Scail, in the County An- 



Dunghalach, son of Lughaidh Laidhe, 

son of Maicniadh, son of Daire Sirchreachtach, 

son of Conda Cilline, son of Sithbholg, 

son of Fearghus, son of Firuillne, 

son of Ailill, son of Deaghmanrach, 

son of Macreithe, son of Lugh Manrach, 

son of Conall Claen, son of Lugh, 

son of Gearan, son of Eithleann, 

son of Duach, son of Lughaidh, 

son of Maicniadh, son of Ith, 

son of Maccon, son of Breogan. 

Daire Sirchreachtach had six sons, namely, Lughaidh Laidhe, from 
whom the Corca Laidhe ; Lughaidh Cal, from whom the Calraidhe. 
This Lughaidh had to wife Lasair, daughter of Laeghaire, son of 
Niall, son of Lughaidh Meandruadh, from the fairy hills of the son 
f of Seal Balbh n [who was] of the men of Olnegrnacht ; or, this Seal 
Balbh was king of Cruithean-tuaithP and Manann.4 This Lughaidh 
had six sons by Lasair, namely, Aenghus, Cobhthach, Lughaidh, 
Maccail, Ailill, and Fraechlhear. 

Lughaidh Cal went over the sea into Alba/ in quest of wealth. 8 In 
his absence Lughaidh Laidhe, his brother, took to him his wife Lasair. 
The sons of Lughaidh Cal were not of age to possess lands at this 
time. Lughaidh Cal heard this thing, and it brought him from the 
east.* The sons of Laeghaire were angered at the seduction of their 

trim, Leac-an-Scail, a great Crom- <l Manann, i.e. the Isle of Mann, 

leach, in the County of Kilkenny, and r Alba, i.e. Scotland, or perhaps Al- 

Leachtan-Scail, i.e. the Seal's monu- bion England. 

ment in the barony of Corcaguiny, s In quest of wealth, i.e. to seek his 

County of Kerry. fortune. 

Olnegmacht, an old name of Con- t ft brought him from the east, i.e. it 

naught, probably the same as the Nag- induced him to return home from 

natae of Ptolemy. Alba, which lies to the east of Ire- 

P Cruithean-twaith, i.e. Pict-land. land. 


bo rt)A]t- 



Ho fCAl A 

1 ff 1 ? 

T^eblujuS A fecfyxvji, bo cbobAfi t^ejc 
bA8 Lii7;8Acb CAl co KAicb gurjcA, ] Ttj-Bjie^A^b, A 
6jt bA b-olc leo pcAp |to 65 JIA5A8 

cei? A n^lT 1 bo 
Cot)bAcbtA]b f ecc ^JAT)T)A 
^ A peAfiAib Cul A 2t)^ |to b&bAji nje]c 

C6C1)C A 2t)lirbA^T) jljAtb f|l 

clAT)b A fecc |iAT)bA]b.i. 

TIA^I p CAlAjg, Acuj 4 CAll|iA|8^ p^ t'ljfc bo clo]T)b 67 ' 

?t)]C Lu]58eAcb CAI bojb; CAll|tA]8 cjij 2t)u]5], bo fjl 

b| ; CAll]tAi8] A Tt}-BjteA8rbuiT)e, bo f]\ 2t]l^tlA 8] ; 

t,u]|t5 6 LugA^ TOAC LiqjbeAcb b] : O C)]teAi) ACA^ecb 68 biicbuf A ; 

CAll]tAj8| IT) CbojiA^b; bo fjl^lerjgufA n^c Lv]58eAc CAl p bA 

CbAll]tA]8] |*]T)j .1. CAll|tAl8| Lll]|l5 ACUf CAll]tA]8] 

O b-)t)t)|ieAcbc^cb CA'jfeAc bucu|*A CAll|tA]8^ 
CAll|iAi8] Cbu]l] Cbe]tT)A bi^o, bo fjl Slerjjuf A beof ; O 
A cA^eAcb bucu|*A. 6ocb^]8, 117 AC 

vRath-gunta, i.e. the rath or fort of 
the wounding or slaying, a name now 

v Feara-Cul in Breagha; a territory 
of East Meath nearly coextensive with 
the baronies of Upper and Lower Kells. 
The churches of Magh bolg (Moy. 
bolgue,) and Imleach-Fia, (Emlagh,) 
are mentioned as in this territory. See 
O'Clery's Irish Calendar at 5th of 
April and 26th of November. 

w Calraidhe of Bri-Leith. The po- 
sition of this sept is preserved by the 
mountain or hill of Sliabh gCalraidhe 
(Slieve Golry) near Ardagh, in the 
County of Longford. See Annals of 
the Four Masters, A.D. 1445, and 
Leabhar na gCeart, p. 9, note p. to 
which add " The ruins of the nunnery 
of Duuimcheo, referred to as at the 

west side of this hill, is still pointed 
out at the rere of Mr. Ousely's house, 
in the townland of Bawn mountain 
and parish of Moydon." There was 
another sept of Calraidhe near Caiseal 
in Munster, who were not of this race 
but descended from Lughaidh Cal the 
sixth in descent from Tadhg, son of 
Cian, son of Oilioll Olum. See D. Mac 
Firbisigh, Book of Genealogies, p. 668. 
x The same as Calraidhe-an-clialadh, 
i.e. of the same race. Calraidhe-an- 
chaladh is comprised in the barony of 
Clonlonan in the County of West- 
meath, and is now considered to be 
coextensive with the parish of Bally- 
loughloe in this barony. The Cal- 
raidhe of Westmeath were dispossessed 
at an early period by the Conmhaicne 
and the race of Maine, son of Niall. 


sister, and they proceeded to Rath-gunta u in Breagha, to kill Lughaidh 
Cal, for the crime of his brother, for they were displeased that when 
Lughaidh Cal went into a strange country he did not convey their 
sister to them. Lughaidh [Cal] fled into Connacht with seven heroes 
to shun his wife's brothers; for it was in Feara-Cul in Breagha v the 
sons of Laeghaire were [seated.] He never ventured to return to 
Munster from fear of Lughaidh Laidhe. His posterity branched into 
seven septs, viz. the Calraidhe of Brigh-Leith, w and that is the same 
as Calraidhe an chaladh;* Calraidhe- 1 nnse Nisc* who are of the race of 
Fraechar, son of Lughaidh; Calraidhe of the Three Plains; 2 of the 
race of Cobhthach ; Calraidhe of Breagh-mhaine a which sept are of the 
race of Ailill ; Calraidhe Luirg, b are a sept descended from Lughaidh, 
son of Lughaidh : O'Drean is its hereditary chieftain ; Calraidhe of 
Corann ; of the race of Aenghus son of Lughaidh are these two Cal- 
raidhe, namely, Calraidhe Luirg and Calraidhe of Corann. O'h-Inn- 
reachtaigh is the hereditary chief of Calraidhe of Corann; Calraidhe 
of Cuil-Cearna d are also of the race of Aenghus; O'Scingin is their 
hereditary chief. 6 From Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, son of Lughaidh 

See OTlaherty's Ogygia, Part III. c. 

y Calraidhe-Innse-Nisc. This was 
another name for Calraidhe of Cuil- 
Cearnadha. See note infra, 31. 

z Calraidhe of the Three Plains, a 
sept seated in the barony of Tirawley, 
^County of Mayo. See Ui~Fiachrach, 
p. 239. 

a Calraidhe of Breagh-mhaine, a sept 
seated in the barony of Brawney in 
the County of Westmeath. They were 
dispossessed at an early period by the 
race of Maine, son of the monarch 
Niall of the Nine Hostages. 

b Calraidhe-Luirg, a sept seated in 
Magh Luirg, in the barony of Boyle 
and County of Roscommon. The 
O'Dreainswere dispossessed by the Mac 
Dermots before the English Invasion. 

c Calraidhe of Corann, a sept seated 
in the barony of Corran, County of 
Sligo. O'h-Innreachtaigh of this place 
is unknown. The name is common in 
Ulster, where it is anglicized Hanratty, 
but the family bearing that name 
in Ulster are of the race of the 

d Calraidhe of Cuil-Cearnadha, a 
sept seated in the territory of Cool- 
carney, which comprises the parishes 
of Attymass and Kilgarvan, in the 
barony of Gallon, County of Mayo. 
This tribe opposed the preaching of 
St. Patrick. See Genealogies $*c. of 
Ui-Fiachrach, p. 471 . They were dis- 
possessed at an early period by the Ui- 

e O'Scingin is the hereditary chief. 
This should come after Calraidhe 



A <JUO CAll]tA]8l Loci) A 5ll], ACUf 'DAfiqtA^. ]t6 AT)b fO 

pjvprbcbell<vf5f ^AjicjtA^] ACUJ* CAljiA^ .1. 
[Fb] lAt)bcbAi8 A ji^A, Acuf 2t)e| c CfiurjbluAcbt^ A [&]c4^fi 

CujtrjAit) A [b]-^]l|5, b-U] Flt>b A ro-bjiuJA&A. <t)& TTJAC 
, rtr|c Lu5&Ac CA^ .1. 6ocl)A]8 Acuf SirbAlgA^. 
6 CA ^T> Til5|tA]8 .1. CAlljiA^]. 2lc]Ab cellA]8 

C]tUT)bluAcl)|lA ACU] 4 TDellAC]) Cu|lT)AlT), ACUf 

ACU| TellAcl) 'GjtebAijii, 69 Acuf "CellAcb UAjiu^cej Acuf 
CAi]tt>eT). 70 'CelUjs ^A^CJIAJJ^ ]roo|i|io, .1. TelUcl) 

ACUf 'CellAcl) CoT)Ajllj ACUf 'CellAcl) CA5A]T) .1. CJVJ 


8eAcl) CAt, A quo CAt]tA|8] 


.1. CAbAt). Cof CAT) ACU]* Cot)All. 
A|t ftjcb 

Luirg. The head of the O'Sgingins 
was seated at Ardcarne, near Boyle, 
in the County of Roscommon. See 
Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 
1224, and Genealogies, &c. of Ui- 
Fiachrach, p. 77, note e. 

f Calrahidhe of Loch-Gile, other- 
wise called Calraidhe, now Calry, a 
parish adjoining Loch Gile, (Lough 
Gill) in the barony of Carbury and 
County of Sligo. See Ui-Fiachrach, 
p. 276, and the map prefixed to that 

g Dartraidhe, a sept giving name to 
a territory comprised in the barony of 
Hossclogher, in the County of Leitrim, 
which is still popularly called Dartry. 

hfileg-Fhlannchaidh, now anglicized 
Mac Clancy and Clancy, a name still 
numerous in this barony. See Ap- 
pendix B. 

i Meg-Crunnluachra. This should be 
Tealach Cruinnluachra, which was 
one of the tribe names of the Mac 
Clancys of Dartry. 

k Tealach- Churnain, i.e. the O'Cur- 
nains or O'Curnins. In latter ages 
the head of this family resided on 
Inis-mor, Locha-Gile, or Church Is- 
land in Lough Gill. The O'Curnins 
were for many centuries hereditary 
poets to the O'Rourkes. See the An- 
nals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1416, 
p. 829, notes i, j, k. 

l The Ui Finn, i.e. the family of 
O'Finn, now Finn without the prefix 
O. A branch of the family was set- 
tled at Bally magibbon, near Cong in 
the County of Mayo, where they have 
become lately extinct, in the person 
of the late John Finn, Esq. the ma- 
ternal Uncle of Dr. Wilde, author 


[Cal] are descended the Calraidhe of Loch Gile f and the Dartraidhe.s 
The following arethe four chief septs of Dartraidhe and Calraidhe, viz. 
The Meg-Fhlannchaidh h are their kings, the Meg-Crunnluachra* their 
dynasts, the Tealach-Churnain k their poets, the Ui-Finn 1 their Brugh- 
adha [farmers]. Aenghus, son of Lughaidh Cal had two sons, namely, 
Eochaidh and Amhalghaidh. From Amhalghaidh the chiefs are 
descended, i.e. of the Calraidhe. These are the septs of Calraidhe, 
viz. Tealach-Crunnluachra, Tealach-Curnain, Tealach-Critain, m Tea- 
lach-Treabhaire, n Tealach-Uaruisce, and Tealach-Cairnean.P The 
septs of Dartraidhe are Tealach-Cascain,^ Tealach-Conaill, and Tealach- 
Cagain, [sprung, as stated in the Book of Druim-saileach r and the 
Codex of Druhn-sneachta/ from] the three sons of Ailghil, son of 
Flann, son of Caithir, son of Dunlang, son of Ailill, son of Connac, 
son of Aenghus, son of Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, son of Lughaidh 
Cal, from whom the Calraidhe, namely, Cadan, Coscan, and Conall. 
The Calraidhe of Muirisc in Tir-Ua-n-Amhalghadha are of the race 
of the son of Gael,- son of Lughaidh Cal, and this sept is the same as 

of the Beauties of the Boyne, &c. 
He possessed a small estate of eight 
hundred acres of land in fee simple. 
There are other members of this tribe 
in the town of Galway and in various 
places throughout the province of 

m Tealach-Critain, i.e. the family 
of O'Credain, or Credan. 

n Tealach-Treabhaire, i.e. the family 
of O'Treabhair, or Trevor. 

Tealach-Uaruisce, i.e. 'the family 
of O'Uaruisce, or Hourisky. This 
name is still extant in the County of 

P Tealach-Cairnean, i.e. the family of 
O'Cairnen. This name is now obsolete. 

q Tealach-Cascain, &c. These septs 
are unknown to the Editor. 

J* The Book ofDruim Saileach. This 
book is now unknown. There were 

several places of the name Druim- 
saileach [Dor sum salicum,~] in Ireland, 
but the one here referred is probably 
the hill of that name at Armagh. 

s Druim-Sneachla. The only place 
now bearing this name in Ireland is 
Druim-sneachta, anglice Drumsnat in 
the barony and County of Monaghan, 
where there was an ancient monas- 
tery, founded by St. Molua of Cluain.. 
fearta-Molua. See the Calendar of 
the O'Clerys at 4th of August and 4th 
of September. The book of Druim- 
sneachta which is now unknown, is 
frequently referred to as authority 
for the remotest events in Irish his- 
tory; and Keating, who appears to 
have seen a copy of it, states, "that 
it had existed before St. Patrick came 
to Ireland." See Haliday's Edition of 
Keating's History of Ireland, p. 215. 

bucufA. <t)o 

, Acuf b-1 pbiojrjb uji- 
Arjb, ACUJ* bo clo]i)b 
beA|tA|t CAll|iAj8| 


: O 2t)Ailfli}A 
ACS bee, coji gobAbAji b-J 

, cojiob |Ab i 
tirfc ^itbAljA^ ]Ab beoj*. 

e]tT)A&A, A]t A be^cb ^ CU|l 
t)0, r^Vf ^|l bO T)A b-eolcbA]b, ^ |t|A 

bo |tA8A. J]* jAb fo A f]T)eA8A bucu|*A .1. O KocUt) A 

ACU]* b-UA Cbujpb, ACUf b'^A J A]tr>A|1}, ACU| b- 

Cojtco O||ice ; 


CO T)-|lA]t T) 

8 CAl, i)A]t 
IATT? to bo lot)b. 

* Calraidhe of MagJi h-Eleag, a sept, 
giving name to a territory nearly co- 
extensive with the parish of Crossmo- 
lina in the barony of Tirawley and 
County of Mayo. See Genealogies, 
fyc. of Ui-Fiachrach, p. 238, note f, 
and the map prefixed to that work. 

O'Mailfhina, now Mullany. There 
is an obvious defect in the text here, 
which should be supplied as follows ; 
The Calraidhe of this district became 
extinct, and O'Mailfhina of the race 
of Aenghus, son of Amhalghaidh, of 
the sept of the Ui-Fiachrach, became 
the hereditary chieftain. The family 
of O'Mailfhina also became extinct, 
except a few, and the Ui-Gaibh- 
theachain and the Ui-Moinn, who are 
also of the race of Aenghus, son of 
Amhalghaidh, took possession of the 

land, and are now the most powerful 

The little town of Crossmolina, Cros- 
Ui-Mhailfhina, in Tirawley, took its 
name from this family. 

v Ui-Gaibhtheachain, now Gaughan, 
a name still common in this district. 
See Ui-Fiachrach, pp. 13, 238. 

w The Ui-Floinn, i.e. the family of 
the OTlyrms. The head of the 
O'Flynns was seated at Oireamh, now 
Errew in the parish of Crossmolina, 
where he was airchinneach of the 
church of St. Tighearnan. This fa- 
mily possessed a very curious relic 
called Mias Tighearnain, i.e. St. Tigh- 
earnan's dish. See Ui-Fiachrach, p. 
239, note i. 

x Cuil-Cearnadha. See note supra. 

y Fidh-Gathlaidh, i.e. Gateley's fo- 


Calraidhe of Magh h-Eileag :* O'Mailfhina is its hereditary chieftain." 
They all became extinct except a few, and the Ui-Gaibhtheachain v and 
the Ui Floinn w took possession of the land, so that they are the most 
powerful therein, and these are also of the race of Aenghus, son of 
Arnhalghaidh. Cuil-Cearnadha x is called Calraidhe Guile from its 
being in the corner or angle of Fith-Gathlaidh ;* and, if the learned 
say truly, it is to it the appellation of Calraidhe Innse-Nisc z should 
be given. These are its hereditary tribes, namely, O'Rothlain* its 
chieftain, and Ua Cuinn, b Ua Iarnain, c and Ua Finain. d 

From Lughaidh Oirche [the third son of Daire Sirchreachtach] are 
sprung the Corca- Oirche; 6 from Lughaidh Laighis the Laighis of Ui- 
Eineachlais; f from Lughaidh Corb the Dal-Mescorbs of Laighin; from 
Lughaidh Coscair are the Coscraidhe in the Deise, h of whom was 
Daniel, son of Fothadh, as the historian said : 

Six sons had Daire Sirchreachtach, 

A hero of many valorous deeds, 

Lughaidh Cal, who was not slain, 

Whose hand was valiant. 

rest, a large forest in the territory of 
Gaileanga, now the barony of Gallen 
in the County of Mayo. See Annals 
of the Four Masters at the year 1225. 

z Calraidhe -Innse-Nisc. See note y 

a O'Rothlain. This name is still 
extant in this district, but anglicized 
Rowley. See Annals of the Four 
Masters at the year 1208, and Ui- 
Fiachrach, p. 246, note h. 

b Ua Cuinn, now Quin. 

c Ua h-Iarndin, now obsolete. 

d Ua Finain, now O'Finan. Dr. 
O'Finan, formerly Eoman Catholic 
Bishop of Killala was of this family 
and a native of this very territory. 

Corca-Oirche. In a poem in the 
Duinseanchus, as in the Book of 
Leacan, fol. 256, this tribe is placed A 

co]C|i]c CfjAjnl, in the vicinity of 
Cashel in Munster, See also Ogygia, 
part III. c. 67. 

f Laighis of Ui-Eineachlais. The 
Ui-Eineachlais were seated in the pre- 
sent barony of Arklow, in the County 
of Wicklow, where the sept of Laighis 
are now unknown. 

g Dal-Mescorb, otherwise called Dal- 
Mesincorb, a sept seated along the 
east of the present County of Wick- 
low. See the Feilire Aenguis at 22nd 
of May, and Annals of the Four Mas- 
ters, A.D. 952, and Life of St. Coemh- 
ghin by the Bollandists at 3rd of 

h Coscraidhe in the Deise, a sept 
seated in the Decies in the County of 
Waterford, See Ogygia, part III. c. 


ir left, 
Ai8 Co jib, jy qys, 
bo cblrt? i clejcl). 
UJAJ& Coj*c, jy CAery, 


[2icuf beriA^b 
T]!] rt)e 

CU]C ACC A ffe. S^. 

]f cu^c tt?e]c bo b^j 


, .1. 



CUey, ryAC 

.1. A cujc bjb ]A|t y-'DonAjb ACUJ* A cujc bjb AJI y-^3o|tA]b. 21 cu]c 
bfb |io c-^oybbA^i* 72 A ejcb ACU]* A cujc bjb ]to yAjj'cb'Ji* A 
]y cti]ceAjt A|t y-C)ojiAjb .1. 6/ocbAj8 I/JAC, 

]y cutceAn prt|A ^Don ATM An .1. 






o/ Dor, i. e. of Cuan-Dor, 
now Glandore harbour near Skibbereen 
in the County of Cork. 

k Swear for his debts, i. e. five of 
them enforced payment, or fulfilment, 

by their evidence when necessary; 
cot)t)bA|f, they swear for. 

1 Secure his debts, i.e. five of them 
took security for the payment of their 
father's income, and the rendering of 


Lughaidh Oirche the noble, 
Lughaidh Laighis the valiant, 
Lughaidh Corb, the leader, 
Who was not timid in battle. 
Lughaidh Coscair the fair, 
Lughaidh Laidhe the swift, 
Lughaidh Laidhe was 
The noblest of the brothers : 
These are the noble sons of Dai re, 
It is no biased enumeration, 
With them my displeasure shall not be ; 
They are not five but six. 

[And some say that Daire had five, not six sons.] 
Coinchinn, daughter of Cathbhadh, had three sons, namely, Mac- 
Ere, Aenghus, and Conall Claen. Treana had two sons, namely, 
Aenghus and Mac-Erc. Conall Claen, son of Gearan, son of Dtiach, 
had ten sons, namely, five to the west of Dor, 1 and five to the east of 
Dor. Five of them used to swear for his debts, k and five of them used 
to secure his debts. 1 The five to the west of Dor, were Eochaidh Liath, 
Eoghan, Macreithe Ceannfoda, Aedh, Aedhlog. The five to the east 
of Dor were Mactail, Eochaidh Ceannmairc, Eochaidh Ceannmus- 
craidhe, Eochaidh Ciar-raidhe. 

Silan, the Bishop, 1 " son of Conall Claen, 

son of Failbhe, son of Gearan. 

son of Laighinn, Brainnsce, or Bran, 

son of Fiachra, son of Dormghal, 

son of Sceallan, son of Conra, 

son of Ere, son of Sceallan. 

son of Eoghan, Fiachna, 

his privileges. There are but four February ; Sillan, bishop of Daimh- 

names in the text, given as those of the inis, A.D. 638; Sillan, bishop, 7th 

brethren to the east of Dor. of September; Sillan, bishop of Lis- 

m Silan the Bishop. There are many more, 21st of December, but nothing 

bishops of this name mentioned in has been discovered to show which of 

O'Clery's Irish Calendar, as, Sillan, them is here referred to. 
bishop of Gleann-da-clocha at 10th of 



T17]C CliA]T7, 

Tt7]c l,o]cb]t>e> 




117] C 

bA]|i Cboi7A]ll 



ti7]c Cot7bA]cb C] II] 176. 
T17AC Coi7t)A]cb qll]T)e .1. 

117 AC 



rt)AC TuAcbA^l Bejtji], 
2le&A J^]*)*), 




717 AC CoT7bU]l]5, 

117] c Su]b?7e, 




H7]C BcbAcb C]T7bT17A]]tC, 

ri7]c CoT)A]ll 


n T^ie Ui-Cathbhaidh, a sept seated in the Book of Leacan (fol. 208) as 
in Ormond in the County of Tipperary, extending from Feart-Moraidh south- 
The country of this sept is described wards to Sliabh Eibhlinne (the Slieve 

T17]C COT7A]U ClA]T7. 

Uijt>e. 35 

son of Muircheartach, Eochaidh, 

son of Cuan, son of Dimchadh, 

son of Fearghus. son of Ailill, 

IVlilchonach, son of Ronan, 

son of Blathmhac, son of Aedh Caimdherc ; he 
son of Loichine, had a crooked eye, 

son of Aedh Caeil Cuisc. son of Carrthach. 

Lughaidh, Dunghalach, 

son of Ailill, son of Tuathal of Bearra, 

son of Fearghus. son of Aedh Finn, 

Cu-allaich, son of Carrthach, 

son of Cuan, son of Ailill, 

son of Laighinn, son of Eochaidh Liath, 

son of Aedh Cainidherc, son of Conall Claen, 

son of Carrthach, son of Gearan. 

The mother of Conall was Derde of the Ui Cathbhaidh." 
Carrthach had five sons, namely, Aedh Finn, Aedh Caimdherc, 
Ailill, Suibhne, Conall. 

son of Macreithe, 
son of Connach Cilline. 
Connach Cilline had two sons, namely, Maccon and Macreithe. 

Dineartach, Sneadhghal, 

son of Fiachna, son of Cu-duiligh, 

son of Aedh Garbh, son of Cruiminhael, 

son of Fiachna Fesfoighde, son of Suibhne, 

son of Fiachra Folloirbhe, son of Carrthach, 

son of Eochaidh Cinnmairc, son of Ailill, 

son of Conall Claen. son of Eochaidli [Liath,] 

son of Conall Claeu. 
Gearan had two sons, namely, Conall Claen and Conall Finn. 

Phelim mountains.) In the Book of or river of Nenagh, is described as in 
Leinster, fol. 105, the Finn-shruth the territory of the Ui-Cathbhaidh. 



Cojt)cblt)t>j. 79 

Cejcji] Ttjejc 2le8A }~it)b, .1. BjiefAl ACU|* 'GtiAcbAl ACUJ* 

tt)AC CotJAlll .1. plAT)b ACUf 


tt)]C ScAljblAjT) 1-)tl]b [tt)]C Tt)AC 


Coin? A] t), 


A quo 
; Be]tAc, A quo b-Ui Cbu]t)bl^; 2ljl|ll Bee 

CA ...... O]l]ll Co|t|tAT), b]A CA 

603 AT). 


Ui Badhamhjna, a sept near Balti- more in the County of Cork. The 



Aedh Finn had four sons, namely, Breasa], Tuathal, Tibraide, and 
Murchadh. Conall had two sons, namely, Flann and Arda. 
Now the Ui Badhamhna, viz. 

son of Cu-choingeilt, 
son [of Achtaeor] Seanchlanna 
son of Scannlan Dubh, 
[son of Aedh Clannach, 
son of Scannlan Dubh,] 
son of Aedh, 
son of Silan, 
son of Aenghus, 
son of Illadon, 
son of Maicniath, 
son of Macduithe, 
son of Eochaidh Badhamhna. 

son of Daisene, 
son of Goibhnenn, 
son of Aedh, 

Five were the sons of Laeghaire, son of Ros, son of Duite. 
Ailill had six sons : Cain, from whom Cain Meine ; and they say 
Follach ; Ailill ; Bearrach, from whom the Ui Chuindlis ; Ailill Beag ; 
Ailill Corran, from whom Maenach, from whom the Ui-Mainchine.P 

Ros had five sons, namely, Laeghaire, Mac-Erc, Cearndach, Tigh- 
earnach, Eoghan. 

son of Silan, 
son of Aenghus. 

son of Laighinn, 
son of Ronan, 
son of Feargna, 
son of Fearghus, 
son of Colman, 
son of Aenghus, 
son of Illadon. 

son of Soicheine, 
son of Laidhginn, 
son of Fearadhach, 
son of Aenghus, 
son of Illadon. 



son of Dineascach, 
son of Ere Droma, 
son of Finan, 

castle of Arda occupies the very centre 
of this territory. Sec O'Brien's Irish 

son of Colman, 
son of Bruinean, 
son of Murbrunn, 
son of Cairbre. 

Dictionary, voce FLANN. 
P See note at the end of this tract. 




SleTjgufA^ 2t)A]t)e 


[Wwc h-U) Ww 

rbAC 'Cb]t^t)A tt)]c ^DuAcb, .1. ^t)Acetic ACU]* Oer^uj*. 


co C)iocbeb IACA b- 
rf)6]c ]tc .1. 



Q Feith-na-h-imghona, i.e. the boggy ing. !Not identified. See note in/rn. 
stream or trench of the killing or slay- r Droichemd-Locha-Imchadkc^ i.e. the 


son of Aenghus, son of Furudhran, 

son of Treana, son of Eimindre. 

son of Duach. Fereiginn, 

Maine, son of Maelaithghen, 

son of Failbhe, son of Laidhginn, 

son of Eimhine, son of Colman, 

son of Crithidh, son of Bruiden. 

son of Seanach, Odharchain, 

son of Feargna, son of Conla, 

son of Maine, son of Sleibhine, 

son of Aenghus, son of Feargna Guile, 

son of Treana, son of Aedh, 

son of Duach, son of Fin tan, 

Murghal, son of Eochaidh, 

son of Ceithirchlidhna, son of Aenghus. 

Aenghus had seven sons, Maine Guach, Cairbre Liathan, Eanna 

Coilchene, Eocho Coibne, Fearghus Caech, Lughaidh Milchu, Eoghan 

Barrlac, or Mac-deicill, ut alii [dicunt.] 

Now THE Ui Mic-Emc. 

Treana, son of Duach, had two sons, namely, Mac Eire and Aen- 
ghus. Coinchinne, daughter of Cathbhadh, had three sons, namely, 
Mac- Eire, Aenghus, and Conall Claen, the third son, who is the pro- 
genitor of Cineal-Coinchinne [seated in the district extending] from 
Feith-na-h-imghonaQ to Droichead-Locha-h-Imchadha. r 
Ere had three sons, namely, Connac, Blarus, Fearghus. 

sons of Laipthe, son of Caireall, 

son of Fiachna, son of Fiachra, 

son of Ros, son of Ros, 

son of Ere, son of Ere, 

son of Treana. son of Treana. 

Fiachna, Niall, 

son of Maenach, son of Muireadhach, 

bridge of Loeh-Irachadha, or Im- chadh's lake. Not identified. 















: ]Ab 



bo 2l]tA]b CljAcb 96 A 
A Cl^Acl) AT> rt)A]3 |to 


8 Cliach was the ancient name of 
the district lying round Cnoc Aine 
(Knockan y) in the Co. of Limerick. 

1 Ara-Cliach, an ancient territory 
in the east of the County of Limerick, 
comprising the entire of the barony of 


son of Maenach, son of Nairchridhe, 

son of Dubhchonna, son of Dubhdaire, 

son of Flann Fuirtre, son of Cuaingie, 

son of Sneadhghal, son of Lughaidh. 
son of Cu-airge, 

Nairchridhe had three sons, namely, Cu-airge, Aedh Ingar, and 

Seasnan, son of Flann Fuirtre, 

son of Flannchadh, son of Sneadhghal, 

son of Flaitheamh, son of Cu-fhairrge. 
son of Dubhdamhagh, Ailghealan, 

son of Fuarghus, son of Aedhagan, 

son of Sneadhghal, son of Flann Fuirtre, 

son of Cu-airge. son of Sneadhghal, 

Deachmaic, son of Cu-fhairrge. 
son of Maeltuile, 
So far the Clann-Duibhfhleasc. 


Cairbre Mor son of Eochaidh son of Aenghus, 

and Cairbre Beag, son of Maicniadh, 

son of Eochaidh, son of Lughaidh, 

son of Dluthach, son of Maccon. 

And Sigeang, daughter of Fearmora of the Ara Cliach 1 was their 
mother ; and they were born in Femhen-mhagh," and fostered in Cliach- 
an-mhagh; v and Seasnan, son of Eochaidh, son of Cirb, of the men 
of Cliach was he that nursed them. 

Cairbre Crom, son of Conall Claen. And some 

son of Cairbre, say that Sigeang was the mo- 

son of Cirb, ther of this Cairbre. 

. son of Eochaidh Ceannmhairc, 

Coonagh. See Leabhar na g-Ceart, East, in the County of Tipperary. 

p. 46, note z. See Leabhar na g-Ceart, p. 18, note b. 

"Fcmhen-mhagh, i.e.Magh-Feimhen, v Cliach-an-mhagh, i.e. Cliach of the 

a plain in the barony of Iffa and Offa, plain. 


TTJAC ^pAelAit), TO AC SrjebgupA, 

TT)]C C^tfjcbAIT). 97 TTJJC 


Do Clioftco 

ott)b]f roe^c bo 
Sjt 'pbeAnJuf A bo 3Jt&f . 2lcu|* ^f jtju Abbe^tc 

MA 98 Cjlj 
C^A T)0|* 

^v TT>AC IA 

IA 2t)Act)]Ab .1. B|ie]*Al ACU| 2lei)5U 
B|tef A^l .1. Cor)lA Acuf 6ocbA]b. 'Cjij rr)e|C BCAC .1. 


100 1 C^or)coD4)|i' Cojtco l^mi Cujlj 

Corncob A|i, rp]c Cot)CobA|]t, 

TTJAC 2t)AelA]r), 

'iD^v TTJAC S]t)]ll .1. 
.1. BA^J ACU]' Oi)cbu. 

w TAe Uaithnc-T/nre, called the ba- x Uaithne-Cliach, the barony of 

rony of Owney in the Co. of Tipperary. Owneybeg in the County of Limerick. 
SeeLeabhar na g-Cearf, p. 45. note x. Ihid. 


Cairbre, Cairbre, 

son of Faelan, son of Sneadhgbus, 

son of Crimhthan, son of Failbhe, 

son of Eochaidh Ceannreithe,' son of Nathe, 

son of Conall Claen, son of Lughaidb. 


Some assert tbat the three Fothadhs were sons of Maccon, though 
they were always set down as of the Race of Fearghus. It was of 
them Oilill Olum said : 

" The three sons whom Lughaidh left, 
Though we love not, 

Fothadh Airgtheach, Fothadh Cairptheach, 
Fothadh Canann." 

From Fothadh Airctheach, the Uaithne Thire, w and Uaithne Cliach, x 
are descended according to their genealogy. Fothadh Canann had a son 
Maicniadh. Maicniadh had two sons, namely, Breasal and Aenghus. 
Breasal had two sons, namely, Conla and Eochaidh. Eochaidh had 
three sons, namely, Sineall, Fiacha, and Conchobhar. 


Conchobhar, son of Conchobhar, 

son of Maelan, son of Diarmaid, 

son of Eochaidh Guineach, son of Beacan, 

son of Binneach Beag, son of Conchobhar. 
Sineall had two sons, namely, Caithrigh and Flannan. Flannan had 
two sons, namely, Baire and Onchu. 



Baire, son of Eichin, 

son of Eochaidh Aidhnigh, son of Aedhan Beag, 

y Corca-Laidhe-Cuih, i.e. the Cor- Mumtir-Bhairc, in the parish of Kil- 
ca Laid he of the corner or angle. crohane in the south- west of the Coun- 
These were seated in the peninsula of ty of Cork. 




n)]c B]te]*A]l, 

TT)]C 2t)A]CT)]A8, 


Cobf Acb, 

71)] C 



TT)]C 2t) A] CT)] Ab' , 


, .1. 

3Uf, ACUf CellAcI), 6 bA CojlCO 

BAbATT)t)A. CJtlAC^ OCA]C 1)-U] Cor)A]U ACUf 1 

b U] 2t)AC-6|tc. Oerjguf OCA^C b-U] Bu^lc .1. 



2t)A]T>e, ACUJ* 
Bujlc, ACU|* b- 

^ .1. CoT)All, ACUf 



tepc, A quo 

CO T)A 7 

'Cjt] rt)e]c 

Sl]Ct IjbA] 

ejtr)A]cb, ACU]* b-UA 2l]t)ble Acuf b-UA 
z Lothra-Ruadhain, called Lorha, in the barony of Lower Ormond, County 


sou of Gabhraii. son of Dunlaing, 

son of Baire, son of Dunadhach, 

son of Conchobhar, son of Flaithimh, 

son of Eochaidh, son of Flaithbheartach, 

son of Breasal, son of Flann Arda, 

son of Maicniadh, son of Maccon, 

son of Fothadh Canann, son of Condach, 

son of Maccon. son of Fearghus, 

Codfach, son of Conall, 

son of Dubhdalethe, son of Treana, 

son of Dubhleanna, son of Duach, 

son of Maelconna, son of Maicniadh, 

son of Cuileannan, son of Maccon. 

son of Bruadar, 

Maicniadh had four sons, namely, Duach, Eochaidh, Aenghus, and 
Ceallach, from whom the Corca-Laidhe. From Eochaidh is sprung 
Ua Badamhna ; from Duach Ui.Conaill, Ui Aenghusa, and Ui Mac 
Eire; from Aenghus are the Ui-Builc, i.e. 

Maccraith, son of Folachtach, 

son of Cathna, son of Flannan, 

son of Eiderscel, son of Cobdan, 

[son of Fain, son of Flannan, 

son of Nuada,] son of Brandamh, 

son of Donnghal, son of Eiderscel, 

son of Murthuile, son of Nathe, 

son of Dunghus, son of Aenghus, 

son of Aenghus, son of Maicniadh 

The three sons of Aenghus were Nathe, Maine, and Duibhleisc, from 
whom the Ui-Maine, the Ui Builc, and the Ui-Duibhleisc, with their 
correlatives. Treana had three sons, namely, Conall, Aenghus, and 
Mac-Eire. So far from the Book of Lothra-Ruadhain. 2 

From Eochaidh Liathain are sprung Ua n-Aigheanain, Ua Tigh- 
earnaigh, Ua Ainnle, and Ua Dubhagain. 

of Tipperary, where St. Ruadhan or sixth century. The Book of Lothra 
Rodanus erected a monastery in the is now unknown. 


>ocbA|6 Ceijbjiefq 6 CA|C b-UA Coi)A]U 

8 KujbbeAjic, BOTJAT) Scetl. 

2ter>5itfA, rrrjc 'GbtterjA, .1. 2t)A]r>e, ACUJ* 
ACUJ* }^eA|i5u^ ACUJ* G>t)bA, ACUJ* LugA^b,, ACU]* 







BAbATprjA, .1. 







Tt)AC A6T)A]c^ CO 

Atbejtc : 

SeAcbc i)-eA|*pA]c 
Ro Job Rof T)A 
6 |i6 
Co t 


f ]]t 

a Cathair-Durlais, i.e. the city or Kath-Durlais, in the parish of Cill- 

stone-fort of Durlas. There are seve- Kuadhain (Kilruane) barony of Lower 

ral places of the name in Ireland. Ormond and County of Tipperary, 

There is a very remarkable fort called which may be the one here referred to. 


From Eochaidh Ceannreitlie are sprung Ua Conaill of Cathair Dur- 
lais, a and Ua Conneid. 

From Eochaidh Ceannmhairc are the Muintir DoirO. 

Eochaidh Ruibhdhearc, Eoghan Sceall. 

Aenghus, son of Treana, had eight sons, namely, Maine, Cairbre, 
Fearghus, Eanna, Lughaidh, Eochaidh, Feithmheach, and Fiacha. 

Duach, son of Eire, had four sons, namely, Fintan, Lonan, Ros, 

Fachtna, b son of Mac Eire, 

son of Maenach, son of Treana, 

son of Conall, son of Maicniadh. 
son of Ros, 

Eochaidh, son of Fiacha Badamhna, had four sons, namely, Duach, 
Scannlan, Ros, Aenghus. 

Conall, Ceallach, 

son of Flann, son of Connmhach, 

son of Cohdan, son of Flann, 

son of Brandubh, son of Dorc, 

son of Eiderscel. son of Dunlaing, 

Bearchan, son of Aedh, 

son of Fiachra, son of Cairbre, 
son of Eochaidh Connmhairc, son of Eochaidh Cinnmhairc. 
son of Conall Claen. 

Seven and twenty bishops of the Race of Lughaidh took possession 
of [the See of] Ros from Fachtna, son of Maenach, to Dunghalach, 
son of Folachtach, as the poet says : 

Seven and twenty bishops nobly 

Occupied Ros of the truly fertile lands 

From the time of Fachtna the melodious, the renowned, 

To the well-ordered reign of Dungalach. 

b Fachtna This is the patron saint the book of Bally mote, except the lines 

of Ros-ailithre, Roscarbery, in the after given. The passage in the book 

County of Cork. of Ballymote is given in [brackets.] 

c Bearchan. This passage is not in 


r7AC 'pi A] ob co ri)-blAj8, 

A AllA8 1)OCO 

BeA|tCA1), TJ)AC 


<t)0||lC ACUf 





AT)i)|*o. O 
6 Bel 



Secc i)-eAf3A]b pjcec co b-^) 
bo gAb jioff i)A fob ^ ]t)b-bAi) 

o j 

ACU|* 6 Bejt)b 


.1. O 

d The boundaries. The words en- 
closed in brackets are taken from the 
Book of Ballymote. 

e Beann-Fhinn, i.e. Finn's peak or 
pointed hill. Not identified. 

f Traigh-Omna, i.e. strand of the 
oak. Name obsolete. 

Feith-na-h-imghona, i.e. the boggy 
trench or stream of the killing or slay- 
ing. Not identified. 

h Beal-atha-luidhe, i.e. mouth of the 

co Cet)b 
2lcup A|*|Ab ]*o A 
ACU|* O 

ACA ]*en?AT)b. 
, ACUJ* O 

yellow ford. Mr. Swanton of Ballyde- 
hob says that Ath-buidhe is the name 
of a ford on a stream which forms the 
north boundary of Ardglass or Green- 
mount in the parish of Kilcoe. The 
northern boundary of Greenmount is 
within four or five fields of Ath-buidhe. 
i Traigh-claen, i.e. the inclining or 
sloping strand, now Traigh-Clainc 
between the Galley, head and Traigh. 
Ruis. The rock referred to in the text 


[Conall, son of Flann of fame, 

Son of Cobdan, who loved battle, 

Good his valor, I shall not conceal it, 

Son of Brandamh, son of Eiderscel. 

Bearchan, son of Fiachra, who was mighty, 

Son of Eochaidh Cinnrnhairc famed in story, 

Ceallach, son of Conmhac, son of Flann, 

Son of Dorc, son of Dunlaing, 

Who was son of Aedh, true it is, 

Son of the chief king of Corca-Laidhe.] 


[The boundaries' 1 of Corca-Laidhe here : from Beann-Finn e to 
Traigh Omna, f westwards to Feith-na-h-imghona * from Beal-atha- 
buidhe h to Traigh- Claen, 1 at the Rock. 

" Seven and twenty bishops^ nobly 
Occupied Ros of the truly fertile lands 
From the time of Fachtna the melodious, the renowned, 
To the well-ordered reign of Dunghalach.J 

The country of 'Gil lamichil k [extends] from Feith-na-h-Imghona to 
Ceann-mara 1 and from Beann-Sidhain m to Beal-atha-seamann. n These 
are his hereditary leaders, namely, 0'Duibharda,P O'Dunlaing,^ 

is now called Carraig-Clidhna. pointed hill of the fairy mound, Been- 
J Seven and twenty bishops. These teeane in the townland of Farrau- 
verses are quoted by O'Flaherty in his conor, parish of Castlehaven, and ba- 
Ogygia, part III. c. 67, p. 330, and rony of East division of West Carbery. 
referred to by Harris in his edition of n Beal-atha-seam.ann, i.e. mouth of 
Ware's Bishops, p. 584, but the names the ford of the rivets. Not identified, 
of these bishops are not given in any Leaders. OsUjc. These were the 
list yet discovered. petty chiefs, Kenfiuies, or heads of 
k O'Gillamichil, now unknown. families, who held their lands by the 
1 Ceann-mara, i.e. head of the sea, is same right of descent from the corn- 
evidently the head of Glandore harbour, mon ancestor as the chief himself; 
See note i, p. 51, in/rd. and they were called O5-U]c, young 
m Beann-Sidhain, i.e. the peak or heroes, because they were bound to 


b-OcA]T), Adit* O 



Acur* -A )ocbU, ACUT* 

ACUf b-UA BAjflfl, ACUT* b' 


.1. AT) BjocA] 


b-U^ Cot)i)e]b^ .1. AT) 
Acut> 6 2t)^&|iof co B^l 

ACUJ* )-& e|ce^b|c, ACUT* - 

ACUf b-UA BuA&A]5, ACUf b' 

UA 2t)qccot>, Acuf b- 
A 2t)AilebA]ri, ACU|* b 




^ Cb]t)& TTJATIA co Locb At) 
ACA foUjf. O CoT)T)ejb A 
t-o A Oclxvjcb bucufA .1. 6 2t)u]Tt)t)icb, ACUT* 6 

ACUf O ^UA^lc]T), ACUf b'U-A CbA]1)3T)], ACUf 


Jt)bolA]Cbj 6 


assist him in his wars against his ene- 
mies at the heads of their respective 

P O'Duibharda, now Doorty, a name 
still extant and numerous in the 
County of Cork. 

<l O'Duulaing, nowDowling, orDoo- 

* O' h-Ogain, now Hogan, without 
the prefix O'. Mr. Hogan, the cele- 
brated sculptor, who is a native of 
Cork, is probably of this race, and 
not of the O'Hogans of Ard-Croine in 
the County of Tipperary. 

s O'Dubhagain, now Doogan and 
Duggan. This family, which is still 
numerous in this district, is to be dis- 
tinguished from the Ui Dubhagain of 
Fermoy in the north of the County of 

* Ua Meiceidich, now Mac Keady 
and Keady. Mr. Thos. Swanton says 
that the name is still extant near 

Bantry. He remarks that when the 
baptismal name is prefixed the M is 
not pronounced, thus, Domhnall 'ac 
Eidigh [eidi.] 

u Ua Ciabhain, now Keevan. 

v Ua Ceartaigh, obsolete. 

w Ua Buadhaigh, now Buaig, the g 
pronounced. They consider them- 
selves Sullivans T. S. 

x Ua Mongain, now Mongan and 
Mangan. Still extant near Droma- 

y Ua Doirc, now Durk and Dark. 

z Ua Meccon, now Macken. 

a Ua Aingle, now Ceangail, or Muin- 
tir-Cheangail. T. S. 

b Ua Mothla, now O'Mothola, Mo- 
hilly ; extant near Dromaleague. 
T. S. 

c Ua Maeileadair. In D. Mac Firb. 
it is O'Maoilpeadair. Obsolete. 

d Ua Adhaimh, now obsolete. 

e Ua Bairr, now Barr. 



O'h-Ogain/ O'Dubhagain, 8 Ua Metceidich, 1 Ua Chiabhain, u Ua Chear- 
taigh/ Ua Buadhaigh, w Ua Mongain, x Ua Doirc/ Ua Meccon, 2 Ua 
Aingle, a Ua Mothla, b Ua Maileadair, c Ua Adhaimh/ Ua Bairr, e and 
Ua Rosna. f [Of this territory* was the man, who for his means was 
the most hospitable and bountiful that ever came, to our knowledge, of 
this tribe, namely, the representative of Bearchan, h i.e. the Great Vicar 
O'Gillamichil, who was usually called Open Purse. Extracted from 
O'Dubhagain's Book.] 

Tuath Ui Chonneid, i.e. the Garrgha 1 [extends] from Ceann-mara k to 
Loch-an-Bhricin, 1 and from Midhros m to Beal-an-atha-solais. n O'Con- 
neid is its chief. These are his hereditary leaders, viz. O'Muimh- 
nich,P O'Drochruainnigh,^ O'Fuailchin/ Ua Chaingne, 8 and Ua Dubh- 

Tuaith Ruts, i.e. Tuath Indolaich [extends] from Loch-an-Bhricin 

* Ua Rosna, now obsolete. 

g Of this territory. The words en- 
closed in brackets are taken from D. 
Mac Firbisigh's Genealogical Book, p. 

h The representative of Bearchan, i.e. 
the airchinneach of Gleann Bearchain, 
or the parish of Castlehaven. 

1 The Garrgha, otherwise written an 
Garrdha, i.e. the Garden. This is still 
the name of a fertile district in the pa- 
rish of Myross, in the barony of West 
Carbery. See Smith's Cork, book II. 
c. 4, and Carbrioe Notitia, where it is 
stated that it is called "the Garry, i.e. 
the Garden, from its being much better 
land than the rest of West Carbery." 

k Ceann-mara, i.e. head of the sea. 
This was the ancient name of the head 
of Cuan Dor or Glandore harbour, at 
O 'Donovan's Leap. 

1 Loch-an-Bhricin, i.e. the lake of 
the little trout. Obsolete. 

Midhros, angl. Myross, a town- 

land containing the ruins of an old 
church in a parish of the same name 
on the west side of Glandore harbour. 

n Beal-an-atha-solais, i.e. mouth of 
the ford of the light. Now Ath-so- 
lais, (Aughsollis) a ford on the river 
Hen, about a mile westward of the 
town of Skibbereen T.S. 

O'Conneid, g. Conned. In D. 
Mac Firbisigh's copy this name is 
made O'Cendedigh, now O'Kennedy 
and Kennedy. 

P O'Muimhnich, angl. Moyny, locally 
O'Muimhnig, (the final g pronounced.) 

Q O'Drochruainnigh. In D. Mac Fir- 
bisigh's copy it is written O'Droch- 
ruimnigh. Both forms are now obso- 

r O'Fuailchin, O'Tuailchin, in D. 
Mac Firbisigh's copy. 

s O'Caingni, now obsolete. 

* O'Dubhchonna, now Doheny. 

u Fiadh-Ruis, i.e. the land or wood 
of Ross. 


6 ^bftA]5 lt>3 co Si8 T>A [b-]feAfi [b-]f|T)b. 10ii O 
A CAjfeAcb bucbufA. Jf ^Ab fo A 6clAj8 bucufA, .1. O 

], ACUf O Loi)ATJ, ACUf O l^b^ ACUf O To|lpA, ACUf O 
b-Ufltt)OlcA]cb, ACUf O 2t)]Jl]1}, ACUf O 2t)ACbA]fT|C, ACUf O 

TuAjiA]8e, 109 Acuf O Tyfiet)A, Acuf O ^-U^i^fy, Acuf O Cejib]T>. 

'CuAcb O i)-2ier)5UfA 110 6 peAfifA^b Ru^f co 5o]Vjt) t>A 5Aecb- 

t>erbcA, Acuf 6 ^)ut) ^e^b] co B&l ACA T)A le]C]. O fy-^tei^ufA 

A CAjfeAcl) bucl)UfA. Jf ^Ab fO A 6clA]8 buCA]8, .1. 1)-U,A Co]t]t- 

bu^8], Acuf ])-UA ^)ubA]i;, Acuf O &u.r>r)b]i), Acuf O 

Acuf O T}-2l]8i}e, Acuf O 2t)A]T>cblt), Acuf O Cu]f^ Acuf O 

Acuf O ^encA]^ Acuf O b-J^IT 1 !!*^! ^ Acuf b-^A O8|tAbA]T), 111 

ACUf O 'S'\te^ ) U ' 2 ACUf O Cujljt)., 113 ACUf O S]1)bA]cb- 

O "pjccbellAicb SlMf t)^ 5A]cr)eri)A co b-^ll^t) 
^ Acuf 6 <t)ur) BogA^t) co 5^M H b|tA]5r)eAcb. O 
cbell<vf5 A cA]feAcb bucuf A. Jf ]Ab fo A oclAjcb bucbuf A : O 

v Traigh-long,i.e,the strand of ships. 
" Traigh-na-long is on the south side 
of the promontory called Cothluidhe 
Mhor, and to the eastward of Dun-na- 
sead or Baltimore." T. S. 

w Sigh-na-bhfsar-bhfinn, i.e. the fairy 
hill of the fair men. Now Shee Hill. 

x O'Laeghaire, now O'Leary. This 
chieftain was, about the period of the 
English Invasion, driven from this ar- 
morican territory, and he settled with 
his followers in the parish of Incha- 
gelagh or Iveleary in the barony of 

y Ruaidhre, now Eory or Rogers. In 
D. Mac Firbisigh's copy this name is 

made O'Ruairc, which seems more 


z O'Lonain, now Lannin, and Le- 

a O'Torpa, now Torpy. 

b O'Laidigh, now Liddy or Laddy. 

c O'h-Urmoltaigh, made O Turmol- 
taigh in the Book of Ballymote and in 

D. Mac Firbisigh's copy. This name 
is now anglicized Tromulty and Ha- 

d O'Mirin, Mirreen. 

e O'Macdairic, now obsolete. 

f O'Tuaraidhe, obsolete. 

S O'Treana, obsolete. 

h O'h-Uainidhe, now Hooney or 

5 O'Cerdin, Kerdin, Curdin. 

k Fearsad-Ruis, i.e. the trajectus, 
crossing, or ferry of Ross. This was 
the ancient name of the passage at the 
head of Ross Bay beneath the church, 
over which a modern causeway ex- 
tends. Windele. 

1 Goilin-na-gaethneamhdha, called 
Goilin-na-gaithneamhna in D. Mac 
Firbisigh's copy. This is probably the 
place called " Goleen marsh." in the 
parish of Aghadown. See the Ord- 
nance Map of the County of Cork, 
Sheet 141. 
m Dun-Deide, i.e. Deady's Dun or 


to Fiadh Ruis, u and from Traigh-long v to Sidh-na-bhfear-bhnnn. w 
O'Laeghaire* is its hereditary chieftain. These are its hereditary 
leaders, viz. O'Ruaidhre/ O'Lonain, 2 0'Laididh, a OTorpa, b 0' h-Ur- 
moltaich, 0'Mirin, d O'Macdairic, 6 O'Tuaraidhe/ OTreana,* O'h-Uai- 
nidhe, h and O'Cerdin. 1 

Tuath O'n-Aenghusa [extends] from Fearsad-Ruis k to Goilin-na- 
gaethneamhdha, 1 and fromDun--Deide m toBeal-atha-na-leice. n O'h-Aen- 
ghusa is its hereditary chief. These are his hereditary leaders, viz. 
UaCorrbuidhe,P Ua Dubhain,* Ua Duinnin, r O'Mudain, 8 O'h-Aidhne, 4 
O'Mainchin, u O'Cuis/ O'Cuile, w - O'Dearcain,* O'h-Iairisnieh/ Ua 
Odhradain, 2 O'Grese, 3 O'Cuilin, b and O'Sinnaich.c 

Tuath O'Fithcheallaigh [extends] from Goilin-na-gaithneamha to the 
Island of Inis-Duine, d and from Dun-Eoghain e to Glaise-draigh- 
each. f O'Fithcheallaigh 8 is its hereditary chief. These are its here- 

earthen fort, now Dundeady, a town- 
land containing the ruins of a castle 
in the parish of Rathbarry. See the 
Ordnance Survey of the County of 
Cork, Sheet 144. Dr. Smith in his 
Natural and Civil History of Cork, 
book II. c. 3, describes Dundeedy as 
"a castle on a very small island to 
which there is a narrow passage from 
the main, being equally the work of 
nature and art." 

n Beal-atha-na-leice, i.e. mouth of 
the ford of the flag. Unknown. 

O'h-Aenghusa, anglice Hennessy. 
P O'Corrbuidhe, Corby. 

q Ua Dubhain, now Duane, Dwan, 
and Downes. 

r Ua Duinin, now Dinneen, and 
latterly Downing. 

s O'Mudain, now Modan. The pa- 
rish of Ballymodan took its name from 
this family. 

1 O'k-Aidhne, now Hyney. 
u O'Mainchin, i.e. Mannin. 

v O'Cuis, now Cas and Ilusscy : 
O'Coise in D. Mac Firbisigh's copy. 

w O'Cuile, now Cooley. 

x O'Dearcain, now Derkan. 

y O'h-Iairsnigh, O'Dreaain, in D. 
Mac Firb. Both obsolete. 

z O'h Odhrain, now Horan. O'To. 
grain in D. Mac Firb. 

O'Grese, O'Greisin in D. Mac Firb. 

b O'Cuilin, now Cullen. 

c O'Sinnaigh, now Shinny or Fox ; 
extant near Dromaleague. 

^Inis-Duine, i.e. the island of the 
man, now the island of Inchydoney 
in the bay of Clonakilty, which di- 
vides the barony of Ibawne from that 
of Barryroe. See Ordnance Survey 
of Cork, Sheet 135. This island con- 
tains the ruins of a curious old church. 

e Dun-Eoghain, i.e. Eoghan's fort, 
now Dunowen, a townland containing 
the ruins of a castle in the parish of 
Ardfield. Ord. Map, Sheet 144. 

f Glaise-draighneach, i.e. the brook 
or streamlet of the blackthorns. 

8 O'Fithcheallaigh, now anglicized 
Feehily and Feely, and even Field. 

Cojiit)A|c, Acuf O 'DotjbArbAt), ACUJ* O bubcfyor), ACUJ* O Ij- 

T)AT), ACUT* O MllAllAT), ACUf O CttO]TVJr), ACUf O 

O tJ- 

17 A 


ACU|* O 

co B&1 ACA 1)A 

t)A 5jtuirr^ co 1)-ACA8Aib. 11G O 
bucufA. Jf iAb po A oclAicfy bucupA .1. 
1)-UA 1)-2le8A 6 CluA^T) bA rbAel, Actif O 
O CetlA^c^ ACUJ* O 

, ACU| 6 SeAlbA^cl), ACUf O 


b") ^)v]bbAle]c])] 
ACY|* 6 

Bel ACA i)A 





The celebrated Maurice de Portu 
OTihely, called Flos Mundi, Arch- 
bishop of Tuam, from 1506 to 1513, 
was of this family. He was born near 
Baltimore, a town, as Harris remarks, 
" celebrated for its fine harbour, "from 
which he was known as "de Portu." 
See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
p. 613. 

h O'Cormaic, now Cormick. In D. 
Mac Firbisigh's copy this name is made 
O'Comhraidhe, now anglicized Cowry, 
Cory, Corry and Curry. 

1 O'Donnamhain, now O'Donovan and 
Donovan. O'Dondubhain in D. Mac 
Firbisigh's copy. This was a different 
family from O'Donnabhain of Ui- 
Cairbre Aebhdha in the now County 
of Limerick, and afterwards of Clann- 
Chathail in the County of Cork. Both 
families are no doubt still extant in 
Corca-Laidhe, but they cannot now be 
distinguished. The O'Donovans of 
Mountpellier, O'Donovan's Cove, Ard- 
ahill, andLisheens, and Squince, as well 

as the Donovans of Ballymore in the 
County of Wexford, are of the Ui- 
Cairbre Aebhdha ; but there are va- 
rious poor families of the name in the 
County of Cork, who are unquestion- 
ably of the Corca-Laidhe. 

k O'Dubhchon, Obsolete. 

1 O'h-farnain, now Mac larran. T.S. 

m QFNuallain, now Nowlan, or Nolan. 

n O'Croinin, now Cronin, very nu- 
merous. T.S. 

o O'Sife. Unknown. 

P O'h-AinbhitJi, now Hanvey and 

iBeal-atha-na h-Uidhre, i.e. mouth 
of the ford of the dun cow, is now the 
name of a stream dividing the parish 
of Kilmeen from that of Dunmanway. 

r Greallach na yruime. In Ballymote 
the reading is Achadh na g-Cruime 
and Achadh na cruimhe in D. Mac F. 
now Grillagh in the parish of Kilna- 
gross. See Ordnance Map, Sheet 

ditary leaders: 0'Cormaic, h O'Donnamhain, 1 O'Dubhchon, k O'h-Iar- 
nain, 1 O'Nuallain, m O'Croinin, n O'Sife, and O'h-Ainbhith.P 

Tuath O'n-Dunghalaigh [extends] from the Island of Inis-Duine 
to Beal-atha-na-h-Uidhre^ and from Greallach-na-gruime r to Acadha. 8 
O'Dunghaile 1 is its hereditary chief. These are its hereditary leaders, 
viz. Ua Mailchomadh, u Ua h-Aedha v of Cluain-da-mhael, w O'Loing- 
sich, x O'Mailtemhin/ O'Ceallaich, 2 O'Mailguirm, a O'Muireadhaich, b 
O'Sealbhaich, c and O'Gabhadhain. d 



Tuath-Ui-Duibhdaleithe [extends] from Beal-atha-na h-Uidhre to 
Beal-atha-buidhe, e and from Gort-na-daibhche f to Loch-an-tairbh.ff 

a Achadha, i.e. the fields. In the 
copy in B. Ballym. it is called Achadh- 
Aibhle and Acliaidh Ailbhe, in D. 
Mac Firbisigh's copy. This place is 
now unknown. 

fc O'Donnghaile, now Donnelly. 

u O'Mailchomadh, now obsolete. 

v Ua k-Aedha, now O'Hea and 
Hayes. The author of Carbrics No- 
titia is wrong in asserting that the 
O'Heas are a branch of the O'Dono- 
vans. This writer places O'Hea in 
the barony of Barryroe : " Here is a 
small territory belonging to O'Hea 
and his followers, called Pubble O'Hea; 
in this tract of land, [i*e Barryroe] is 

1. Dundedy, a small castle on a nar- 
row Isthmus much like that of Dun- 
worly ; it makes the promontory be- 
tween the bays of Ross and Clonakilty. 

2. Rathbarry, a stately large pile be- 
longing to the Barrys. 3. Ahamilly, 
a small castle [one mile south- west of 
Clonakilty] belonging to O'Hea, who 
is of the same family with O'Donovan," 
See also Smith's Natural and Civil 
History of Cork, book II. c. 3. 

w Cluain-da-mhael, i.e. the lawn or 
meadow of the two hornless cows. 
This was probably the ancient name 
of Ahamilly. It is now obsolete. 

x O'Loingsigh, now Lynch, Lynchy 
or Lingshy. 

y O'Mailteimhin. Obsolete. 

z O'Ceallaigh, now Kelly. 

a O'Mailguirm. Obsolete. 

b O'Muireadhaigh, now Murray. 

c O'Sealbhaigh, now anglicized Shal- 
low and Shelly. 

d O'Gabhadhain, now Gavan, lo- 
cally "Muintir-Ghabhain." T.S. In 
D. Mac Firb.'s copy it is made O'Cadh- 
an, now Kyne. 

eBeal-atha-buidhe. Seep. 48, notch. 

f Gort-na-daibhcke, i.e. field of the 
cauldron or round hollow, now Gort- 
nadihy, a townland in the parish of 
Kilmeen. See the Ord. Map, Cork, 
Sheet 121. 

sLoch-an-tairbh, i.e. lake of the 
bull, now Loughatarriff in the pa- 
rishes of Kilmeen and Driuagh. Ord. 
Map, Sheet 121. 

]l O'JDubhdaleithe, now Dowdall ; P. 

Jj* ^Ab fo A cclA^c bucvj-A : b-UA 2t)Ailcbell<V|cb, 
A <Dv]bleAT)bA, ACYJ* b-UA 2t)Ailcbojirt)A, ACYJ* O Cv^l- 

ACYf O BjlYAbAlfl, ACVf b'UA <Dvi)A6A-|C ACYf 



TtJIC p 


717] C 


Mac Firbisigh makes O'Cobhthaigh, l O'Mailchorna. Obsolete 

O'Cowhig, the chief of this territory m 0' Cuileannain, now Cullennan. 

which he designates by the alias name n O'JSruadair, now anglicized Bro- 

of Triocha Meadhonaigh, i.e. the derick and Broder. 

central cantred. o O'Dunadhaigh, now Downey and 

iO'Mailceallaich, Mulkelly. Now Denny, 

obsolete. P o'Laithimh, now Lahiff, Lahy and 

k Q'Dvibhleanna. Obsolete. Leahy. 


O'Dubhdaleithe h is its chief. These are its hereditary leaders : Ua 
Mailcheallaich, 1 Ua Duibhleanna, k Ua Mailchorma, 1 O'Cuileannain, m 
O'Bruadair, 11 Ua Dunadhaich, and O'Lathimh.P 


son of Finghin, 
son of Donnchadh Gud, 
son of Maccraith, 
son of Donnchadh Mor, 
son of Fothadh, 
son of Finn, 
son of Maccon, 
son of Fothadh, 
son of Eiderscel, 
son of Finn, 
son of Nuadhat, 
son of Donnghal, 
son of Murthuile, 
son of Dunghus, 
son of Aenghus, 
son of Folachtach, 
son of Flannan, 
son of Cobdan, 
son of Flannan, 
son of Bran Dubh, 
son of Eiderscel, 
son of Nathe, 
son of Aenghus, 

son of Maicniadh, 

son of Maccon,s 

son of Lughaidh, 

son of Daire Sirchreachtach, 

son of Firfhuilne, 

son of Sithbholg, 

son of Deadhmannra, 

son of Deagha Dearg, 

son of Dergthenedh, 

son of Nuadhat, 

son of Lachtaine, 

son of Lugh, 

[son of Ethleann] 

son of Eireamhon, 

son of Eadamain, 

son of Gos, 

son of Sin, 

son of Maithsin, 

son of Lugh, 

[son of Eadamhoin] 

son of Mai, 

son of Lughaidh, 

son of Ith, 

son of Breogan. 

q Ua h -Eider sceoil, now O'Driscoll 
and Driscoll. 

r Maccon. He was chief of Corca- 
Laidhe, and died in the year 1418, 
according to the Annals of the Four 
Masters. He was living at the time 
the Book of Leacan was compiled. 

8 Maccon. He flourished in the third 
century. This line of pedigree is 
pretty correct up to Maccon, but in the 
line from him up to Ith son of Breo- 
gan, there is a defect of a great num- 
ber of generations. See Appendix C. 


M] coil, 


itxfc CobcAi,c 
TTT|C <Dur>5Al 
1171,0- 21] I] II A, 


MA c|vj 



CAt)AT)b, ACU|* 


. Bejieb 


7176] |t 

* C7a Cobhtkaiyh, now O'Cowhig and 
Coffey. This line of pedigree inserted 
in brackets, is taken from the Book 
of Ballymote. This family was seated 
in the barony of Barryroe, anciently 




called Tricha chead meadhonach, or 
the middle or central cantred. See 
O'Brien's Irish-English Dictionary, in 
voce COBHTHACH, and Cambrensis 
Eversus, edited by the Key. M. 




son of Cobhthach, 

son of Walter, 

son of Nichol, 

son of Conchobhar, 

son of Maghnus, 

son of Aedh, 

son of Donnchadh of Daingean, 

son of Fearghal of Dun, 

son of Diarrnaid of Achadh Con- 


son of Conchobhar, 
son of Mathghamhain, 
son of Conchobhar Cearmna, 
son of Macraith, 
son of Domhnall, 

son of Donnchadh Mor, 

son of Cobhthach Finn, 

son of Dunghalach, 

son of Ailill, 

son of Maccon, 

son of Connad of Cillen, 

son of Fearghus, 

son of Ailill, 

son of Macreithe, 

son of Conall Claen, 

son of Gearan, 

son of Duach, 

son of Maicniadh, 

son of Maccon, 

son of Lughaidh, 

son of 1th.] 


The three Fothadhs, namely, Fothadh Airctheach, Fothadh Cairp- 
theach, i.e. Fothadh Canann, and Fothadh Dolus, were the three sons 
of Fuinnche, daughter of Nar, son of Fearmora of the Ara-Cliach. 
Teite, daughter of Maicniadh, son of Lughaidh, son of Daire Dearg, 
son of Gnathal, son of Nuadhat Neacht, son of Seatna Sithbhaic was 
her sister. Fuinnche brought forth together three male children, and 
they were the three sons of Feidhlimidh, son of Maicniadh, son of 
Gnathal, son of Maermaith, son of Cairbre Nia Nair, or Nia-fhear, 
whereon a certain poet sung : 

The three Fothadhs, three sons were they 
Of Feidhlimidh the Great, son of Maicniadh, 

Kelly, p. 268, note x. Dr. Smith in 
his History of Cork, book II. c. 3, 
says : " Almost on every headland of 
this barony, were castles erected by 

the Irish, seven of which belonged to 
the sept of O'Cowhig, as Dundeedy, 
Dunowen, Dunore, Duneen, ,Duno- 
cowhig, Dunworley, and Dungorley." 


2lbe|tA]b Ajtojl] bo lebjiA]b cottjAb bo Jb 

.1. bA li)AC 

.1. 'pojic, ACUJ* 

jio TtjebAbAfi CACA 

co|i b|Allf Ab 

bo UlcA]b A 




.1. uAc o|lC ACU|* 

^o lobA]t cji] cAecAb |:e|t fO|i lo]T)5e 

job|*Ab Clu]cb]t]U CljAcb^ ACU|* At) ^e|tAT)T) 

Ocuj* jAbf Ab Cji^cb 2t}A]T)e, ACU|* 

A COTbAjlbuf A 

ACUf 6|l|, bA ]T)5eT) 6cbAcb TT)]C LUCCA. 

6 CA S]T)AT)b fA]]t ACUJ* bo8ef . T^ijt T)-UA]cbt>e 6 CA 
Sjt)AT)b f] AJI Acuf bocbuA^b co ^)e]tcbe|ic. Cot>Ab 6 Ar)tt)AT)bAib T>A 
bo 5A|]tcbe|t I;A cerj^lA. 2l]t bo lu]8 ]t> bA]tA t)-A] co 
i; (Me ACU|* BlASr^A .1. 6/1], cot)Ab uA]cb] A]T)rt)- 
6le. Lu8 AiOl .1. UAcbt> co 





.1. A]ct)]A, ACUf ]tUcT)]A, ACUf 
^jl] b|tA]cb]t| .1. Oecbt)1A, ACUf CA|T)bT)]A, ACttf 
, .1. AcbA]|l1)A [b-J^OcbAb, TT)AC CA||tp|l|, TT)]C Co]t- 
ACUf ]f ]Ab |*]1) ]CA AT)b. 

t)ef]T)f U||IC TT7]C ^tje] 4 ]!)^ OJ15A]ll, Tt)]C 




Acuf ]|* be jto 


" UiEathach of Uladh, i.e. Iveagh 
in Ulidia. The pedigree of these Fo- 
thadhs appears very uncertain. See 
note supra. 

r Tuath Fore and Tuath Iboth in 

Alba, i.e. in Scotland. Now unknown. 

w Cluithrin-Cliach, the ancient name 
of a district in the now County of Li- 
merick. Now obsolete. 

* Sinainn. This is not the river 


Son of Gnathal, wlio was son of Maermaith, 
Son of Cairbre Niadh, the highly good. 

Other books state that they were of the race of the Ui-Eachach of 
Uladh, u i.e. Irial Glunmhar, son of Conall Cearnach, had two sons, 
namely, Fore and Iboth. Recht-ghidh Righ-dhearg led them into Alba. 
They gained great battles, so that great districts were laid waste in 
Alba, until the men of Alba submitted, to Reacht-ghidh Righ-dhearg, 
so that he was king of Eire and Alba, and it was from them sprang the 
two tribes Tuath Fore and Tuath Iboth v in Alba. Three times fifty 
men came over from thence in exile, and they took Cluithrin Cliach, w 
and the land on which they are seated at this day. And they took 
Crich-Maine, and Crich-Fiachrach, and Crich-Baiscinn as the heirs of 
their grandfather, namely, of Eochaidh, son of Luchta, viz. [the 
heirs] of Uaithne and Eile, the two daughters of Eochaidh, son of 
Luchta. The country of Eile extended from the Sinainn x east and 
south, and the country of Uaithne from the Sinainn north-west to 
Derg-dhearc/ and the tribes are called from the names of these women ; 
for the one, i.e. Eile, went [as wife] to Caela Righ-dhearc, king of 
Eile and Bladhma, 2 and from her Eile is named. The other, i.e. 
Uaithne went [as wife] to Fearrghus Foltleabhar, and from her Uaithne 
is named. She had four sons called Nias, viz. Uarth-Nia, Druth-Nia, 
Cainn-Nia, and Deoch-Nia. Oeth-Nia, Cainn-Nia, and Deoch-Nia 
were three [full] brothers, and these are they who are there. 

Maicniadh, the father of the Fothadhs, was the son of Cairbre, son 
of Cormac, son of Mesinsuadh, son of Mesinfuirc, son of Mesin- 
forgaill, son of Meanboth. Others say that they were the three sons 
by Feidhlimidh of the fair hair of Feidhlimidh, son of Niadh, son of 
Gnathal, son of Earcmar, son of Cairbre, son of Cairbre Nia-fhear. 
From him is Leithghleann-Erc, and of him it was permitted that there 
was no greater royal heir. Ere, son of Feidlhnidh, was drowned in a 
lake, i.e. [Loch] Feidhlime. a 

Shannon, but a stream in the County expansion of the Shannon between 

of Tipperary. It is now called the Killaloe and Portumna. 

river of Nenagh. z Bladhma, now Sliere Bloom. 

y Dergdhearc, now Lough Derg, an a Loch Feidhlime. Not identified. 


Ttjejc NuA&Ab Nexxcfyc, .1. 5t)AcbAlcAc, f*et)AcbAijt i)A "po- 
b, uc poetA bjirjc, Acuf BAjfcrje, fet)AcbAlfi 

ATT) A] I A|*be|ic : 

Tl)6|t C 

Mecbc loi)b LU^A^^ 
li, KofA, KUA&, Ku]pi, 




Sen), ACUJ* ^eAitclAcbc^A^ Acuf ^iiu^cbi^A, ACU|* 
. ClAt)bA UA^cb^A 7i)]c CelccbA]|t .1. 


Nuadhat Neacht had three sons, namely, Gnathaltach, grandfather of 
the Fothadhs, and Baiscne, grandfather of Finn Ua Baiscne, b and 
Fearghus Fairrge, ancestor of the kings of Leinster, as the poet says: 

The three Fothadhs truly, 

Maicniadh, Lughdhach the furious, 

Daire Dearg the fiery fierce 

Gnathaltach of the hattle shout, 

Nuada Neacht who took 

The Geilfhine of the Gaileoin, 

The fierce Finnfhir of Umhall, 

Active, mighty, the noble three 

Sanbh, Soalt, Sofhear the vigorous, 

Baiscne, Bodanar, 

Nuada Neacht, furious Lughaidh, 

Finn the poet, Rosa Ruadh Ruipe, 

Fearghus Fiadha, Fairrge Falnath Nia, 

Nuadha Neacht, a sparkling gem. 

filter, the sons of Cealtchar, son of Uitheochair, were Eoghan, 
Ailill, Seam, Feartlachtgha, Druthnia, and Uaithnia. The descen- 
dants of Uaithnia, son of Cealtchar, are the Uaithne-thire, and the 
Uaithne-Cliach quod predictum est : 

Madadhan, son of Toman, 

son of Ruaidhre, son of Finan, 

son of Caithnia, son of Fiachra, 

son of Cathalan, son of Fintan, 

son of Cathan, son of Nadfraech, 

son of Dearmaid, son of Maclaisre, 

son of Aenghus, son of Maccaille, 

son of Gormghal, son of Fearrghus, 

son of Flaitheamh, son of Dalian, 

son of Fogartach, son of Fochta, 

son of Donnghalach, son of Fothadh Airctheach, 

son of Fothadh, 

b Finn Ua Baiscne. This was the Fingal of Mac Pherson's Ossian. 
celebrated Finn Mac Cumhaill, the 


2ljt jtob- 

bA|t ]Ab rj 

1)]Ab .1. T)A Cfl] pocl)A^8. Tt)|C 

Mo cori)Ab 2t)ACt)]A8, n)]c MvAbAC t)ecc. 



ACUf oilu^AC ACUf o3A|lCAc, ACUf ^U^glUf. 

Ocl)c roe] c ^ejiroAbA .1. ;5i*fe 1 t?4C&f) Acuf 2l]beAT)bAT), ACUJ* 

AT), ACUf CAcl)AT), ACUf 

eT)5U]*A, .1. 

ACU|* CluH)At)j ACUf T1)AC Lvcl)CA. <t)A 117AC 

ACVf ojlA^AC ACV| 

<t)A TT)AC ^poC^Alb, .1. 
ACU|* Ac^Ac). ] ] ACYf "peAjtJAl &^V Tt)AC 


. BeA]tAC>J ACY|* pjTJCAT), bA 
bT)O Tt)AC p|T)CA]t>- CAcl)T)Ae ACY|* 2t)ACCA]ll], bA 1T)AC 

Se n?ejc CACAIO .1. CACAIATJ, ACYJ* Cefitt?A]b., ACYJ* CACA|IT)AC, 

ACYf 2t)AclACCr)A^ ACYf 2l]lle, ACYf 

Utit>e. 65 

son of Maicniadh. (For they son of Lughaidh, 

[the three Fothadhs] were son of Daire Dearg, 

the three sons of Maic- son of Gnathaltach, 

niadh. Or Maicniadh, son of Nuada Neacht. 


Loingseach, son of Eochaidh, 

son of Seasnan, son of Naindeanach, 

son of Congeal tach, son of Brocan, 

son of Donnchadh, son of Bearach. 

Naindeanach, son of Brocan, son of Bearach, had four sons, namely, 
Eochaidh, Forbusach, Fogartach and Muirghius. Dearmaid had eight 
sons, namely, Gradhmacan, Aibeannan, Laeghdha, Dubhleanna, Finn- 
acan, Cathan, Laeghaire, and Finnmacan. Aenghus had three sons, 
namely, Dearmaid, Clumhan, and Macluchta. Gormghal had two 
sons, namely, Aenghus and Cormac. Gormghal and Caithear were 
the two sons of Flaitheamh, son of Fogartach. Fogartach, Forbasach, 
and Airrthile were the three sons of Donnghalach, son of Fothadh. 
Fothadh had two sons, namely, Donnghalach and Cathasach. Ailill 
and Fearghal were the two sons of Eochaidh, son of Aeilead, son of 
Toman. Maelcolcaigh, Toman, Ailill and Ceannfaeladh were the four 
sons of Finan, son of Finnghalach. Bearach and Fintan were two 
sons of Fiachra, son of Fintan. Beac was son of Fintan. Cachnae 
and Maccaille were two sons of Fearghus, son of Dalian, son of 
Fachtna, son of Fothadh Airctheach. Cathan had six sons', namely, 
Cathalan, Cearmaid, Catharnach, Maclachtna, Aille and Diarmaid. 


A 2t)ujg UlA8 CAT) A]* TIO b~^ 1)^^566 : T)jT>. Mo 
Ltrfgbec .1. LugA^ 2t)Al bo ctr|TieA& A b-&FfT)T) luce 
A 1)-2ilbA]T; A tijctynj co COJIACC 6rqt)T) co 
2llbAt), co cucfAbAjt CAcl) bo UllcAib co]ten)u^8 JI^ATT). Cloc 
CAC!) ^]|i bo JVJACC bo CAC!) IA Lu^A^b. 2lcuf ^ be bo ^or>A8 AT) 
CA]tT)T), ACUJ* ^r* ^A]|t bo bA^ Luj ce^T) bA] AT) CAC!) b*A curt. llT;be 

CAttT) t-UJA^b b]C^CU]t. 

^b^Tjb A CA]t|llA A]t 

TJOCA i)-eolu| et> b 

1t)O TbeT)Tt)A A 

Art b]ATt)tlA^b bAT)A AT) bOTT)A]1> 


^l bA^b eolur* 

Cjb b^A CA At) C-A^T)TO CA]]t t>Acf; CAT) 

A 2t)u UU8. 

bo Tb]ll, 
bo b-]t>bAribA8 ^ A b-^T 1 !^ 
luce r-ecc lot)5 bo TTJAC AT> ] 
A l)-^|t]T)i) A T>-2llbAiT) rjri. 


A CACAjb, A COTT)lAT)t)A|b, 
6 /AbA]T) CO 

6 ^T)bf|b Oric co 

*Lughaidh was standing. This is his army. It was probably also in- 
an instance of a earn being formed for tended to mark the site of the battle. 
the general to stand up to command b Eadain, i.e. Dun-Eadain, 



He was one of the sons of Daire Sirchreachtach, as appears from 
the following story given concerning him and his brothers in the Dinn- 
seanchus in the Book of Leacan, fol. 256, a.b. voce CARN MAIL. 
" Carnn Mail in Magh Uladh whence was it named ? It is not difficult 
to tell. It was otherwise called Carnn Luighdheach, from Lughaidh 
Mai, who was driven from Eire with a fleet of seven ships, and from 
Alba he set out for Eire with the great fleet of Alba; and they gave 
battle to the Ulstennen and defeated them. Every man that came 
into battle with Lughaidh carried a stone, and thus the earn was 
formed, and it was on it Lughaidh was standing* while the battle was 
fought. Whence Carn Lughaidh is called. 

Delightful what falls to my care, 

It is not the knowledge of one place only, 
My mind extends its clear view to the east 
Over the depths and heights of the world. 

But since they are enquiring it of you, 

If they like difficult knowledge [I will tell] 
Whence is the name still here before us, 
Of Carnn Mail in Magh Uladh. 

Lughaidh Mai, who destroyed much, 
Was banished out of Eire, 
With a fleet of seven ships the king's son sailed 
From Eire to the land of Alba. 

He fought for the eastern country 
In battles, in conflicts, 

From Eadain b to the wide-spreading Lochlann, c 
From the Islands of Ore d to Spain. 

Edinburgh in Scotland. d The islands of Ore, i.e. the Ok- 

c Lochlann, i.e. Denmark. ney Islands tothe north of Scotland. 


2t)Ajt bo JAb jiecc 
rue le^f TJA focjiA]bi 
coribAb I AT) ITwtyrt UlA8 

bO bATlCAjb T)A TTJ-bojlb CUTVA8. 

UA8 CAtl) T)0 

f]]tu PA] 

le]|* A cet)r) CACA, 



bo cu|i cAcb^v co jio 

cloc CAC ]ji b^jb cue i* AT) CAC 

be bo jtorjAb CAJIT) 

]f A 
cotterbA]8 AT) CAcb TT)6|t 

Ho Ab tu^AjS A lor- A fie AT;, 

Ur- TiulA^b CATIT) bo cjr;b, 
A rr;u|5 UU8 A]b. 21. 

Secc TT)e|c bo bA^ A5 <t)A]Tif beAf, 

Tto fjl<v8 ACT) A]T)Tt) e^le [u|le], 

^3 ^IT 1 ! ^^ 6 13> 


A CUAjT), 

an old name of Eire or Ireland. 


When he obtained the powerful kingdom, 
He brought with him a numerous army, 
So that the harbours of Uladh were filled 
With the barques of the fierce champions. 

Battle or tribute was demanded 
By Lughaidh of the men of Fail, 6 
To draw them into battle 
Was the object of the future monarch. 

After this he came up quickly 
To engage in battle very fiercely, 
Each man brought a stone into the battle, 
And thus Cam Lughaidh was made. 

And where Lughaidh Mai [stood] was 
On the even white-surfaced earn 
Until the great battle was gained, 
Over the beauteous men of Eire. 

Lughaidh obtained by means of his lance 

The sovereignty both of the foreigners and Gaeidhil, 

The man by whom the earn was formed, 

Which lies in the fair plain of Uladh. . . Delightful 

The comely Daire had seven sons ; 
Lughaidh was the name of each : 
In hopes the prophecy in them would be fulfilled, 
One name was given to them all. 

Daire had a magical fawn as a familiar 
In the shape of a yearling deer, 
His four sons met it 
Bv old Teamhair on the north-east/ 

Tan m It air, no \vTara. 


<t)A lu]6 Tio^Tbe AT; l<ve co 


ACUJ* bo TIOCA^I leo AT) 

A CeArlAl Tt)]AbAcb TT)6ft-CAeTT). 

TlOT)fAb CflA1)bCAfl CAT) 

6 ^UT) T)A 
co ^eA|*A8 CAC b]b A TT)O&, 

bojlbc] CAT) bocAft. 

TtAtA bo Luj Cortb, 
cot*c|iA8 AT) LA^, C^ATI bo bojtb, 

CO1)A8 UA8 flo^T)bce|l A1) clAT)T) 
bA]l 2t)eAT*CO]tb A CjVJC CuAlAI)b. 

bo bA] CAC b'jb ATI A Tt)o8 
CA! ]T) A co8lA& 

COT)A& b-^ A cl)]T)eA& CAT)ACC, 



COT)A8 1) 

l ]*]T) fA|lt*]T) 

bO ttll] A A6T)UTt, 
COT)A& 6 LuTJAjS LA^j 

clAT)T) CojtCA 

T)A t!1t C 


IT 1 



S Dun-na-n-eigeas, i.e. the fort of Teamhair or Tara. 
the poets or learned men, a name for h Water of Knowledge .The Shannon 


The fawn passed on swiftly, 

Until he reached the stream of Sinainn, 

And the fawn there was slain 

By the four noble and very comely youths. 

They cast lots, without sadness, 

The sons of Daire of Dun-na-n-eigeas/ 
That each of them might know his share, 
Of the magical fawn without danger. 

To Lughaidh Corh it fell 

To slaughter the fawn, though menial the deed, 
And from him is named the sept 
Of Dal Meascorb in Crich-Cualann. 

Whilst each of them was at his share, 
Lughaidh Cal was in his sleep, 
So that his tribe, without condition, 
Is Calraidhe in the regions of Connacht. 

Lughaidh gave a drink of water, 

Though clear, it was not the water of knowledge, 11 

So that his race after this 

Are the Corca Oirche in the vicinity of Caiseal. 

Lughaidh Mor the father of Maccon 
Obtained alone all Eire, 
So that from Lughaidh Laidhe henceforward 
The sept of Corca- Laidhe are named. 

As they were in the house, 
The men within at the fire, 
A hag approached, ugly and bald, 
Uncouth and loathsome to behold. 

was one of the Helicons of the ancient Bards of Eire. 


2ljftb] T)A CAC 

rr)6 T)A bocb lepcA A le<vcb 
bu]b] A belb ^TJA CAcb bjteAcb, 

CJtOTt) Aft CAC C]tA]8] AT) CA^lle 

qb ]Af be, 

A f|l6r) f AbA UAjcbl f A]|l, 

cl]Ab bo c 
CAC bojtt), bo rbrjA] bA Tt^ib 

If Tt)0 T)4V A^l 

glut; i)-3A|ib 8ub. 

CAT) 6AfT)A, CAT) 

C6AT)b CAtlTlAC CT)OjC TteAn)A]Tl CjAJl 

U^TtTl] TT)A|t CAC Ih 


A TTj-bAbATl Tt)]C JVJ5 6jTieAT)b, 

bo Ti|5t)e Tt^it b]A 

HO 1tt)pO A (3)-C|All fA (3)-COT)b, 
bO bo l^TT) bA|l I ATI COTt)lAT)b, 

bo b 

bO CUTT) ^ 

jvju A^ceA|*c T)-olc ; 

C leATt) UA]b AT)OCC, 

T>O ebjfi co]t> if* bu^i)e 

l ATT) 

O bo coTjbAjric AD 5trjn)TtA8 jlfe, 


High she was as any mast, 

Larger than a sleeping booth her ear, 
Blacker her face than any visage, 
Heavy on each heart was the hag. 

Larger her front- tooth, who could but see it 
Than a square of a chess-board, 
Her nose projected far in front, 
Longer than the plough's cold share. 

Larger than a basketful of ears of wheat, 
Each fist; in a woman it was unbecoming,- 
Larger than a rock in a wall 
Each of her rough black knees. 

She was one continuous belly, 
Without ribs, without separation, 
A rugged, hilly, thick, black head 
[Was] upon her like a furzy mountain. 

She went to them into the strong house 

In which the sons of the king of Eire were, 
Pitiful the deed, ugly the exhibition, 
She made to them to excite them. 

She maddened their sense and reason, 

It was leaping into the middle of a conflict, 
The sons of Daire were abandoned 
To an ignominious death. 

She spoke to them an evil speech, 

" One of you shall lie with me to -nigh t ? 
Or you, both hound and man so straight, 
To monster shapes I will transform." 

When he saw the wonderful deed, 
Lughaidh Laidhe said lo them, 


AbfAj leAfc At) coji, 
leoji 86]b TT)eAT*bA]8 ATT) AeT)Ajt. 

bo 8oftcA]8 
IA A fijcc T)-]TT5T)A8 Tj- 
be Alb co I TTjolcA 



fCUC AT) fUAl) CO|tC|lA 



A jTjJeAT) CAeii) CA1) CAT) A3, 

flo]t)b bu]i)b ACU|* 

A^8 fljUTf) T)A b^Ce]! OTIAT17. 

bo c65buf ceAt)b 

ACC T)] b^A bOTt) CUlf)riA3 

b]A|* A5Ab, Aeb8A be, 


ATI U|* TTJO 8eAcl)|tATT)Ufl be 

, b]8 jr&ift, b|8 ^]l|. 


1 will go with her, though loathsome the condition, 
[It is] enough for you that I only am lost. 

As the fire darkened, 

She passed into another wonderful form, 
She assumed a form of wondrous beauty ; 
Ruddy were her cheeks, and round her breasts, 

Her eyes were thus, 

They were not such as to cloud her face, 
Three sunbeams in each of them shone, 
Whatever she looked on grew bright 

The purple beautiful covering was removed 
From her breasts down, by the old woman, 
So that a flesh-worm could be taken out 
In the house by the light of her fair skin. 

After this the youth asked her, 

" O fair damsel, whence earnest thou ? 

Tell and inform us here, 

Speak to me ; do not conceal it from me." 

'I say unto thee, O mild youth, 
With me the arch-kings cohabit, 
I am the majestic, slender damsel, 
The sovereignty of Alba and Eire. 

To thee I have revealed myself to-night-; 

That is all ; but thou shalt not cohabit with me, 
Thou shalt have a son, honored in him, 
He is the man with whom I shall cohabit. 

The name of thy son, the mode is good, 

Shall be Lughaidh Mor; he shall be a royal son, 
For we have been longing more for him, 
He shall be a druid, a prophet, a poet," 


Abbejic jiju 

fl] TTJAC COT) CO T)-1TT)A]llf 

" 3ebA|8 2t)ACCoi) ctjoc 
2ilbA Acitf 


) T b]A CAC T>A cu^q At)Tt)AT)b jrott 

Tt)ACA]b <t)A]|V| <t)0^c})]5, .1. T)A .U. LugA]^ ACUf 

b'jb .T)]T). jto CA]fi|ii)5]|ie8 co 

ACUf COT1)A& LllJA]8 A A|T)rOf]8e ; COT)A8 

T 10 ^ A 1 1~ U 3<M& ^o]t CAcb TT;AC b^jb. 

llcer) IA^A^JI] ACUJ* |to ^eAftfAb A 

rpe]C A T)-5|tA^fT)] At;b ACU]* Abbejic ]i) bjtAj c]b r^Ajcb bo TTJACO ry\ 
5ebA ^51 T)-6|tit)b ACC oei) rb^c b^jb. 2lbbejtc C)AJ|II ^nt) 

C]A TTJAC gebuf CA]t TO^jf] |*6A jl]5|. 'CjUC^A^ UeJ CO 

T)-6j|t ]f AT; Aei^Acr;, ATI JT> briA'j, ACUJ* -\i) TTJAC 

jebuT* p ^ISI ^T 1 b-^irn- 2l cu r bo T 10 ! ^ I' 
^|* AT) AerjAcb, ACUT* LobATi ^JTI 6/]tei)i) ^TJA 8]A]8,, ACUJ* lu]8 
^If ^ A n 1 ^ co Bet)b GcA]]t ACU]* AbA5A]t ceo 

ACUf f^fl 6|teT)T). L6bA]t TT)e^C <t)A1TVf T)A 8|A^8 6 bA 

co *DA^I 2t)er*coTtp ^ LA^trjb ACUJ* cAjTopf LugA 

T;|A8 ]t) l^eg cor)A8 be ACA coj*CTiAbb p IA^ IA 

be -JCA LUJA^ CofC, ACUT- ^eAjtAjT* r-tJecbcA TTJOTI 86]b 

cotrjbA 1)-obA|i 86]b|*iuTb A i>A]|i]t) bo iTDcbufi t)6 bo 

ACUT* Ce^C TT)AC b^jb b'|ATt]tAJ5 qg], ACUf f UAjTl CeAC tT)6[l AT)b ACUf 

n)6|t ACU]* b]A8 ACUT* t]t)b co r)-]TT)8A AT)b ACUJ* TD^A^A A]|ic]b 
co^lc f]T)b]tu]T)e ACUJ* CA^lleAcb AbuAcbTb^T 1 If 1^ C I5- ^l 

tT) Clb Cbuit)bcbl ATt H- tebA]8 1ATlTtA1Tt? CO TT)A]bll^ ACUf 

T)6 ]tt) lebA]8 AT;OCC Acuf AbT:]Ab, ACUJ- 
cuf lu^8 CA bTiA]cbMb, jio cbe]p]r 

ACUf T115] ATI rl- obATt 1)A TT)ACCO A]le 1)A 8|A]8 

Ko T:iATtA]8 n bo freAtt A|l] b^b c|b boriAlA, bo COTIC 
A]Ti|*e ACUJ* AbtiA8u|* ITT) AetjAjv, b|8 LuJA^b OTICA 
cob Tbu|t)ccit ol p. Fo ^AfijTAifc bo fr^ATi A !^ 1" 

t4J6e. 77 

The prophecy which Daive mentioned to them, 
Regarding Maccon, the comely, was, 
" Maccon shall obtain the hill of Breagh [Teamhair] 
Alba and delightful Eire." 


The following account of Lughaidh Laidhe and his brothers is given 
in the Coir Amnaiin, as in the Book of Leacan: 

" Lughaidh Laidhe and the other sons, &c. Let it be here enquired 
whence the additional names upon the sous of Daire Doimthigh, i.e. 
the five Lughaidhs, and what is the reason that each was called Lugh- 
aidh ? It is not difficult to tell. It had been prophesied that one of 
his sons would assume the sovereignty of Eire, and that Lughaidh 
would be his name, wherefore each of the sons was named Lughaidh. 
The fair of Tailltin was celebrated by Daire, and his sons performed 
their horsemanship there ; and the Druid said, what good are thy sons, 
only one of them shall assume the monarchy of Eire. Daire said to 
the Druid : ' What son shall assume the sovereignty after me ?' A 
fawn with the bright color of gold shall arrive at ths fair, said the 
Druid, and the son who shall overtake the fawn is he who shall assume 
the sovereignty of Eire after thee. And the golden fawn arrived after- 
wards at the fair, and the men of Eire went in pursuit of it, and the 
sons of Daire followed it from thence to Beann Eadair, and a magical 
mist [here] arose between them and the men of Eire. The sons of 
Daire pursued it from thence to Dal-Meascorb, in Leinster, and 
Lughaid Laidhe, i.e. Maicniadh, overtook the fawn, and [another] 
Lughaidh had the flaying of the fawn, and hence is (called) Lughaidh 
Cose. And a great snow afterwards fell, so that it was [great] work 
for them to carry or hold their arms. And one of them went in search 
of a house, and he found a large house with a great fire therein, and food 
and drink in abundance, and dishes of silver and beds of Findruine 
[German silver] ; and there was a large hideous hag in the house. ' O 
young man, what dost thou seek ?' said she. ' A bed till morning,' [re- 
plied the youth.] And she said, ' if thou wilt come into my bed or couch 
to-night, thou shalt obtain it.' And the youth said that he would not, 
and he went out to his brothers. ' Thou hast refused sovereignty and 
monarchy,' said she. ' The other brothers went in after him. She 


c1)AftJllA A]l f t)| bATt) ACC 

(f|) ACU|* b|8 Lu5A|8 C&l c-A|r)tt7 cob cer>l Ajif|. Ko fr 

bOT) eA|l A] 1] |T) CC1)A, |tullA IA67J AllcA bATT) A|t |*6, b]8 

LA] 8] c-A|r>Tt) cor> bo cerjfel "cor> bo AC A. Ko ^A]8 f eAji 

, b=j8 Lu5A^8 Co|ib C-A^TD, Aft 

Lu5A|8 LA|8e bo lu^8 fA8eo^8 \f-\t) ceAcb ACU|* Abbejtc 

b *\V) CebT)A |?|l||*, bAli) bO |tAlA A|lf& ACU| AbUA8uf Alt? 

LujA|8 LA]8| cl)-A|r)n) A|t |*| cot) boceijfel, cot)A8 bo |*|ij 

|tO leAt)|*Ab 1)A WtWAtJbA pt) |Ab. pAlftH* Lu5Aj8 tA|8| 16 f A 

8eo|8 |||T) ceAcl) rA|t cet)b 

|1) CA|lleAcl) IHt) COjlc ^1T)b|tU|T)e ACUf 

|f|T) C0|lc, ACUf AT)b bA|l le|| bA 5ft|AT) AC CU|tcbA|l A 

|*O|U[|*]| A 31)U|n> ^CUJ* bA |*Alt?AlcA f|t|A bolA8 lu^A^lC CU1T)|IA 

A bAlA8 ACU|* cfe|b ^t)^ 5t)^v|f l^n^ Acuf |cbe|tc[|i]||* -rrjAjcl) bo 

CUjlUf, A|l ||, A|t |f Tt)||*| |t) plAlctyui*, ACU| j^bA CUf U 

g6bA t)ecb uA|b^ ACU| ^OTjAbAib |A|t|*|i) T)UA 

ACUf CU||tl) |1)A T)-Aet)A|t AC bA|l b6]b^ ACUf 

|Uf ACUf ||* ATT)lA|8 |tobAbA|t C61) CCAcl) CQ1) C6T)|8 |A|l 1) 

Accrt)A8 c6]rt)|te|8 corbAjtb^ Acuf A co|r> | ceAi)5Al b|A 
LobAjt |i6rt7po |A|tf]r) co r>rAei)Acb T^A^llreAt), ACU|* bo 
|*c6lA A ij-ecbqiA ACU|* |*CA|l|& |:]|iB|t|i)b A Tj-AerjAc, ui>be b|ccuf* 

.1. T)A .U. 

i This account in prose is found in the book of Baile an Mhuta, the 
the book of Leacan, fol." 222 b __ 223 poetry at fol. 224 b. and the prose at 
a. The corresponding pieces are in fol. 138 b __ 139 a. 


asked of another man of them why he had come, and he said for a 
wild hog, and I have eaten it alone.' ' Lughaidh Orca shall be thy 
name among thy tribe,' said she. She asked the same of another 
man. ' Nothing,' said he, ' fell to my lot, but I fell asleep. 1 ' That 
was sleepy,' said she, ' and Lughaidh Cal shall be thy name among 
thy tribe,' said she. She asked the same of another man. ' A wild 
fawn presented itself to me,' said he. ' Lughaidh Laidhe shall be thy 
name among thy tribe, and thus it is.' Another man came to her and 
she asked him the same. ( What they have left I have eaten,' says 
he. ' Lughaidh Corb shall be thy name,' said she, ' for corrupt is the 
thing thou hast taken.' Lughaidh Laidhe was the last who went into 
the house, and the hag said the same to him. * I met an ox,' said he, 
and I devoured it alone.' ' Lughaidh Laidhe shall be thy name,' said 
she, ' among thy tribe.' Wherefore these names clung to them. At 
length Lughaidh Laidhe [Maicniadh] went with her into the house for 
food and drink. After this the hag lay down in the bed of findruine, 
and Maicniadh lay down after her in the bed, and it appeared to him 
that the light of her countenance was as the sun rising in the month of 
May, and the fragrance of her was as the smell of a flower garden. 
After this he cohabited with her, and she said, ' Good is thy journey,' 
said she, ' for I am the sovereignty, and thou shalt obtain Eire or one 
descended of thee shall.' They afterwards took new viands arid old 
drinks, and cups were distributed to them alone, and he cohabited 
with the sovereignty. And in the morning they were without house or 
fire except the level mountain side, and their hounds were tied to their 
lances. After this they returned to the fair of Tailltin, and related the 
story of their adventures, and the men of Eire dispersed from the fair : 
whence it is said, the five Lughaidhs." 1 


MAC FHLANNCHADHA OR MAC CLANCY. (See note h supra, p. 28. ) 
The only family of the Calraidhe that retained territorial possessions 
in Ireland was Mac Fhlannchadha or Mac Clancy of Dartraidhe in 
the north of the County of Leitrim. The pedigree of this family, as 
well as that of O'Treabhair, comharba of Cill-Fhearga, (Killarga) in 
the same county, is given by D. Mac Firbisigh as follows, p. 678. 

1 . Daire Doimtheach 

2. Lughaidh Cal, a quo Calraidhe 

3. Aenghus 

4. Eochaidh 
5. Aenghus 

6. Treabhar of the powerful blows 6. Oilill 

7. Diarmaid Dubh 7. Cormaic 

8. Cathal Comharba of Cill-Fhearga 8. Dunlaing 

9. Simon 9. Cathaeir 

10. Lucas of the Pilgrim's staff 10. Flann 

11. Cairbre na coradh 11. Ailghil 

12. Diarmaid 12. Amhalghaidh 

13. Seoinin 13. Eochaidh 

14. John 14. Dunlaing 

I I 

15. Maurice the Prior 15. Lughaidh 

16. Andrew the Fat 16. Conall 

17. Tighearnan 17. Fiacha 

18. Lucas of the learning 18. Conall 

19. AedhDubh 19. Finn 

I I [luachra 

20. Tadhg of the stone 20. Crunnluachra, a quo Tealach Cruinn- 

21. Fearghal 21. Doighre Dart, a quo Dartraidhe 

22. Matthew 22. Eochaidh 


23. Brian 

24. Andrew the Fat 


23. Flannchaidh, a quo Mac Fhlannchadha 

24. Aedh Cleireach, or Cairneach 

25. Diarmaid, 
26. Thomas Mor 
27. Thomas Og 
28. Tadhg Mor 
29. Tighearnan 
30. Tadhg Og 
31. Diarmaid 
32. Aedh 
33. Cai'rbre 
34. Eoghan 
35. Gillaphadraig. 

25. Cathal of the rock 
26. William 
27. Tadhg 
28. Cathal 
29. Tadhg Caech 
30. Tadhg Bacach 
31. William 
32. Fearadhach 

33. Cathal Dubh, chief of Dartraidhe 


34. Cathal Og, chief of Dartraidhe. 
35. Cathal Dubh, 35 Tadhg Og, 

36. Rudhraidhe 36. Cathaeir 
37. William 

34. James Muirde 
Aedh Meirgeach 

36. William 
37. Tadhg Og 

37. Baethghalach, Cathaeir, Donnchadh Tadhg 

Bindhe Caech 

38. Cathal 


(From the Irish Penny Journal, pp. 241-42, 30//t January, 1841 J- 

The Castle of Dun-garbry, or properly Dun-Cairbre, signifying the 
Dun or Fort of Cairbre, is situate on a hill, on the south side, and 
not far from the mouth, of the Drowis, or Drobhaeis a river very 
celebrated in Irish history and the estuary of the beautiful Loch 
Melghe, (Melvin,) in the lower part of the county of Leitrim, border- 
ing on the county of Sligo. Though marked on the maps made in the 
reign of Elizabeth as an important fortress, its ruins are now but incon- 
siderable, and consist only of a side wall perforated by an arched door- 
way. But, trivial as these vestiges are, they impart some historic in- 
terest to scenery of the most delightful character by which it is surround- 
ed, and are valuable as a memorial of an ancient Irish family, once 
of great rank in the county, though now reduced to utter decay, at 
least in their original locality. 

Dun-Cairbre Castle was erected by the chief 'of the Mac-Clanchys, 
or correctly Mac Fhlannchadha, a sept or clan who possessed the 
ancient district called Dartraidhe, the present barony of Rossclogher, 
and of which the Castle of Rossclogher, situate on an island in Loch 
Melghe, was their chief residence. The name of its founder and the 
date of its erection are not preserved ; but the latter may with pro- 
bability be referred to a period anterior to the reign of Henry VI I L, 
as the Annals of the Four Masters record, at the year 1538, the death 
of a chieftain of Dun-Cairbre. 

It may be proper to state that there are in Ireland two perfectly dis- 
tinct families of the name Mac Fhlannchadha, or, as it is now more 
usually written, Clancy ; first, the family of Thomond or Clare, some 
of whom were hereditary Brehons or judges to the O'Briains, and who 
were a branch of the Mac Conmaras (Mac-na-maras ;) and, secondly, 
the family of Dartraidhe, who were hereditary chiefs of that district 
from a very remote period. 

l<djt>e. 83 

The notices of the chiefs of this family, as preserved in the Irish 
Annals from the twelfth till the seventeenth century, will serve to con- 
vey a very vivid impression of the insecurity of life resulting from the 
unsettled state of society, and its retrogression towards absolute bar- 
barism during this unhappy period of our history, and will teach us 
also to appreciate the blessings we derive from the progress which civi- 
lization has made within the last century. 

1241. Domhnall Mag Fhlannchadha, chief of Dartraighe, died. 

1274. Cathal Mag Fhlannchaidh, chief of Dartraighe, died. 

1278. Ruaidhre, son of Toirrdhealbhach O'Concobhair, was slain by 
Gilla-Crisd Mag Fhlannchaidh and the inhabitants of Dartraighe, on 
the borders of Drum-Cliabh. 

1301. William Mag Fhlannchaidh, chief of Dartraighe, was slain 
by Ualgharg, the son of Domhnall, son of Art O'Ruairc. 

1303. Among these (the slain) was Muirceartach Mag Fhlannchaidh, 
chief of Dartraighe. 

1337. Tadhg Mac Fhlannchadha, lord of Dart-raighe, was slain by 
Corbmac, the son of Ruaidhre, son of Domhnall O'Concobhair, as 
were also numbers of others, in revenge of Seaan, the son of Domh- 
nall. Great depredations were afterwards committed in Dartraighe by 
O'Concobhair, and the son of Muiris Mag Fhlannchaidh was killed 
while in pursuit of the prey. 

1349. Aedh O'Ruairc defeated Flaithbheartach O'Ruairc, Donn- 
chadh O'Domhnaill, and the people of Dartraighe. Aedh Mag Fhlann- 
chaidh, chief of Dart-raighe, Gilla-Crist Mag Fhlannchadha, Loch- 
lann, son of Aindilis O'Baeighill, and many others, were slain in the 

1366. The O'Ruaircs went on a migratory excursion, accompanied 
by the people of Fear-manach; but the youths of Clann Muirchear- 
tach attacked and surrounded them, and killed Cathal Mag Fhlann- 
chaidh, chief of Dart-raighe. 

1418. Tadhg, i.e 1 . Mag Fhlannchadha, the son of Cathal, the son 
of Tadhg, chief of Dart-raighe, died, having retired into a monastery, 
a fortnight previously ; and his son Cathal assumed his place. 

1420. Cathal, son of Tadhg Mag Fhlannchadha, chief of Dart- 
raighe, was slain in his own house, together with Aedh Buidhe Mag 


Fhlannchadha, about the festival of Brighid ; by tbeir own kinsmen, 
tbe brothers Tadhg, Muiris, and Enri. 

1421. A nocturnal attack was made by Cathal O'Ruairc and his 
sons upon Mag Fhlannchaidh, on Inis Caein [an island] in Loch 
Melghe [Melvin] ; and the guards of the lake, namely, the Mag 
Gollaighs [Mac Galloglai] delivered up the boats of the lake to 
Cathal and his sons. And Mag Fhlannchaidh Og was taken prisoner 
by them ; and they took possession of Loch Melghe and its castle. 
Five of the sons of Mag Fhlannchaidh, and a great number of the 
men of Dart-raighe were slain by them, after which [the rest of] the 
sons of Mag Fhlannchaidh went to Cairbre. 

1532. Toirrdhealbhach, the son of Mag Fhlannchaidh, was killed by 
his own two brothers, on the threshold of Mag Fhlannchaidh's man- 
sion; and Brian O'Ruairc destroyed much in Dart-raighe, on account 
[i.e. in revenge] of this killing. 

1536. Mag Fhlannchaidh, chief of Dart-raighe, i.e. Fearadhach, the 
son of William, died. K'e was a charitable and humane man. 

1538. The son of Mag Fhlannchaidh, Cathaeir, the son of Fear- 
adach, the son of William, heir of the chieftainship of Dart-raighe, 
died at Dun- Cairbre. 

1578. Mag Fhlannchaidh of Dart-raighe died : that is, Cathal 
Dubh, the son of Fearadhach, and his son, Cathal Og, assumed his 

1582. Mag Fhlannchaidh of Dart-raighe (i.e. Cathal Og) was slain 
by his own kinsman, Tadhg Og. 

It appears from an inquisition taken at the Abbey of Creevelea, on 
the 24th September, 1603, that Cathal Og Mac Clanchy died on the 
3rd of January, 1582, seised of the castle and manor of Dun-cairbre, 
and of the whole country called Mac Clanchy's country, leaving a son 
and heir, Cathal Dubh, then aged twenty-eight years. 

It appears, however, that, in accordance with the Brehon law, the 
chieftainship of Dartraidhe passed at his death not to his son, but to the 
eldest surviving representative of the name, as an inquisition, taken at 
Rossclogher on the 3d of October in the same year, finds that the 
greater part of the country, including the castle of Dun-cairbre, and 
the castle and chief town of Rossclogher, &c were in the possession 


of MalaghlinMac Clanchy, who died so seised on the 13th of August, 
1603, leaving a son and heir, Cahir Mac Clanchy, three years and 
ten months old at the time of his father's death ; and it is stated that 
all these castles, lands, &c. were held of the king by knight's service 
in capite, but the quantity of the service was not ascertained by the 
inquisitors. By the will of this Malaghlin Mac Clanchy he bequeathed 
to his son and heir, Cahir, all his lands except such as were nominated 
wife's jointure; and to his wife, Katherine Ny Hourke, who was found 
to have been his legitimate consort, he bequeathed his Castle of Dun- 
garbry, as also his chief town called Hossclogher, in pawn of her 
marriage goods, until his heir should redeem it. 

The property of the Mac Clanchys was confiscated after the re- 
bellion of 1641, but their name is the prevailing one in the barony of 
Dartraidhe, or Rossclogher, to the present day. 


It is a very extraordinary fact that the pedigree of O'Driscoll, as 
given by all the Irish Genealogical Manuscripts now accessible, is less 
correct than any other line. It is in fact more than forty generations 
short from Lughaidh, son of Ith, down to Lughaidh Maccon, mo- 
narch of Ireland in the third century, but from that period forward it 
is as correct as any of the lines deduced from Oilill Olum. This- fact/ 
which has not been acknowledged by any of our critics or genealogists, 
may help to fix the real period at which the Spanish colony of the 
Clann-Breogain settled in Ireland, but this is not the place to discuss 
such a question. 

Maccon, the last O'Driscoll given in the Book of Leacan, died, ac- 
cording to the Annals of the Four Masters, in the year 1418, and was 
therefore the reigning chief of Corca-Laidhe, when the Book of 
Leacan was compiled. The line has been continued till the beginning 
of the seventeenth century, by Keating, the Four Masters, Dubh- 
altach Mac Firbisigh, and in a manuscript in the British Museum, 
(Harl. 1425, p. 25.) 

Maccon O'Driscoll, d. 1418, 
Maccon, d. 1442, 
__ Finghin, d. 1472, 
Tadhg, d. 1472, Conchobhar, d. 1508, 

_ Finghin, Conchobhar, m. Jane, daughter of Conchobhar Finn 
|~~ | |~ f O'Mathghamhna, 

Maccon, Conchobhar, Sir pinghin, or Finneen,* m. daughter to Sir Owen 

~~ ~~ 

1 ------ , |~~ ~~T Mac Carthy Reagh, 

Conchobhar, Tadhg, Finghin, Conchobhar, or Cornelius O'Driscoll, a captain in 
the Archduke country, living 1615. He was 
married to Ellen, daughter of Donnell Mac Swyne 
of Muskerry. 

* ." This Sir Finneen tooke his lands by Letters patent from Queen Elizabeth, 
and thereby extingnished the Irish rite. The former custome was that the 
oldest of the familie succeeded, unto whome Mac Cartie Reagh did give a rod, 
and then he was reputed and obeyed as lord of the countrie of Collimore. 
O'Driscoll did pay certaine rent and service unto Mac Cartie Reagh." Ibid. 




. (The Society have been favored with the following note by the Rev. 
John Quarry, Rector of Clonakilty.) 

Corca Laidhe, the territory of the O'Driscolls, is described in the 
Books of Leacan and Ballymote as comprising originally the entire of 
the Diocese of Ross, and as extending from Beann-Fhinn to the Strand 
of Traigh-Omna, and thence westward to Frith-na-h-Imghona, and 
from a Ford called Beal-atha-buidhe to the Strand called Traigh-Claen 
where there is a great rock. Where B^ann-Fhinn is situate I have 
been unable to ascertain ; at least no place is now known by this name. 
But immediately over the present Church of Castleventry, nearly in 
the centre of the entire district described, there is a lofty hill called 
Knockfeen, I suppose properly Cnoc-Finn. The summit of this, 
which is a prominent point, might be intended by the name Beann- 
Fhinn, from whence the extent is measured in a south-westerly direction 
to Traigh-Omna, which is the present name of a Strand at the extreme 
south-west of the Parish of Castlehaven. Westward from this is an 
inlet called Lough Hina, which 1 have no doubt is a corruption of the 
ancient name as it appears in Frith-na-h-Imghona. This designation 
is very applicable to the district along the sea beyond Lough Hina, 
which is still unreclaimed as may be seen by the Ordnance Map. The 
place which I suppose to be Frith-na~h-Imghona is known by the name 
of Glanawhine, probably a corruption of another compound containing 
the same name. The Ford called Beal-atha-buidhe is on the Bandon 
river, and is still known by the same name. It is noted for a great 
fair, and is a central point on the north of the entire district. From 
thence the extent is measured in a south-easterly direction to the ex- 
treme eastern boundary of the district, the Broad Strand or Traigh- 
Claen, still known by this name, outside Court-mac- Sherry Bay. Off 
one extremity of this Strand is a dangerous rock known by the name of 
the Horse Rock, the great rock mentioned in the description. These, 


together with the other identified localities, will be found marked on 
the accompanying map. 

The district thus described is not exactly conterminous with .the 
Diocese of Ross, which it is said to have comprised; as will be seen by 
the dotted line on the map which marks the northern boundary of the 
present Diocese, another district of which lies entirely separated from 
this beyond Ban try. The name Corca-Laidhe still exists in the cor- 
rupted form Cothluidhe, which name however is now confined to two 
small districts called Cothluidhe-mor and Cothluidhe-beag, situate on 
either side of the river Hen near Skibbereen. This name is known 
to the country people though not appearing in the maps. 

I. A subdivision of this territory is called the country of O'Gilla- 
michil, and is described as extending from Tuath-na-h-Iinghona afore- 
said to the head of a harbour or inlet called Ceann-mara, and from 
Beann-t-Sidhain to Beal-atha-na-Seamann. Ceann-mara is the pre- 
sent name of the head or inmost part of the harbour of Castlehaven. 
Beann-t-Sidhain is the highest cliff on the Southern Coast of the Pa- 
rish of Castlehaven, as still known by this name. I have not been 
able to find any name exactly corresponding to Beal-atha-na-Seamann. 
There is a ford over a stream falling into the river lleri north of Skib- 
bereen, called Ath-na-Seang, which might be a corruption of the name. 
But it more probably designates some ford over the Saivenose falling 
into the same river. In Smith's History of Cork, written more than 
a century back, this stream is called Savenesag. The latter part of 
this name as thus written is probably a corruption of uisge, water, and 
then the former part might represent Seamann by the (m) assuming an 
aspirate. And this is the more likely to be the stream on which is the 
ford in question, as we shall find that the next division also terminates 
with a ford over the same stream, which would thus form a natural 
boundary to this part of the territory. The Parish of Castlehaven, 
called also Gleann-Bearchan, forms a large part of this division. St. 
Bearchan is reputed to have been a prophet, one of his predictions, 
prior to the invasion of the Danes, having been that the Easterlings 
would come. There is a place in this Parish called Killchangil or 
Gillahangil, which probably contains a reminiscence of O'Gillamichil, 
" the big Vicar." 


II. The next division called Tuath O'Coinned or the Garrdha, is 
described as extending from Ceann-mara, already identified, to Loch- 
an-Bhricin, and from Miross to the ford of Beal-atha-soluis. The 
Parish of Miross is still known to the country people by the name of 
Garry or the Garden, which is said to have formerly designated a larger 
district. Miross itself is situate a little west of the head of the har- 
bour of Glandore. There is a ford over the Saivenose already men- 
tioned, still known by the name of Ath-Soluis, and Loch-an-Bhricin 
is the present designation of a lake situate a little east of Glandore 

III. The subdivision next to the Garry is called Tuath-Rois, which 
is plainly the district of Ross, or Tuath-Indolaigh, of which name a 
trace is to be found in the name of a rock in the Bay of Ross, west of 
the Gaily Head, which is known to the country people by the desig- 
nation of Carraigin Indolaigh, or in an abbreviated form Doolig. 
This district is described as extending from Loch-an-Bhricin already 
mentioned to Fidh-Ruis, and from the Strand of Traigh-long to the 
hill called Sidh-na-bh-fear-finn. Fidh-Ruis is no doubt the wooded 
and wild country immediately west of Ross, as implied by this de- 
scriptive and still applicable designation. Traigh-long is the present 
name of the Strand in a cove into which a stream falls from Loch-an- 
Bhricin. The lake is on high ground from which there is a great 
descent to a bog immediately inside the strand. This bog is lower 
than the sea, and passes under a white shingle for some distance into 
the water, which has in consequence the color of turf, and appears 
very remarkable when the sea is rough. I have not been able to dis- 
cover any trace whatever of the name of the hill called Sidh-na-bh- 

Iveleary, to which O'Leary is said to have removed, after the English 
invasion, from this district of which he was chief, is situate near Ma- 
croom; as also the Castle of Carraig-na-Corra. The first named in the 
list of his followers, O'Ruaidhre, probably gave name to the little 
river now called Rowry, which runs through this division a little to the 
east of Loch-an-Bhricin and Traigh-long. 

IV. The next subdivision called Tuath O'n-Aenghusa is said to have 
extended from Fearsad-Ruis to the inlet called Goilin-na-Gaithneamh- 


na, and from Dun-Deide to Beal-atha-na-leice. Fearsad-Ruis, I sup- 
pose the strandpits of Ross, exactly describes the inlet at the west of 
the head of which Ross is situate, being choked at the entrance by 
sand, and when the tide is out presenting a muddy surface filled with 
pools of water left by the tide. Goilin-na-Gaithneamhna is the Goleen 
or inlet of Gahami, as it is now called, this being the name of the 
lands surrounding a little bay east of the Gaily Head, called Traigh- 
Gahami, and also the Red Strand from a reddish- colored sand, fa- 
mous all over this country for its fertilizing properties, and therefore 
drawn to great distances for manure. Dun-Deide is the peninsula 
which forms the Gaily Head; the place where it joins the mainland 
was strongly fortified by the Caslle of Dundeide, as it is still called. 
Close to this are very remarkable caves into which the sea runs, and 
boats can penetrate a great distance. One of them has an opening 
inland, through which in great storms the waves are thrown up. There 
is no place in this territory now known by the name of Beal-atha-na- 
leice, though there is a place so called near Bantry. A line, however, 
drawn from Dundeide to the northern part of the territory somewhat 
parallel to the lines which mark the extent of the preceding divisions 
in the same direction, reaches a Lake called Curraghalicky. A stream 
runs into this from the west, and proceeds from it in a north-easterly 
direction to the Bandon River. Dropping the former part of this 
name, Curragh, which 1 suppose is descriptive of the Lake, a ford 
over the stream would probably be called Beal-atha-na-leice. And as 
we shall have reason to think that the stream passing north eastward 
from the Lake is the boundary of the next division, Beal-atha-na-leice 
was probably over the stream at the west, perhaps where C urraghalicky- 
bridge is now situate. 

V. The next division called Tuath O'Fithcheallaigh or O'Feehily's 
country is said to have extended from Goilin-na-Gaithneamhna already 
ascertained, to the Island of Inis-duine, and from Dun-Eoghain to 
Glaise-Droighneach. Inis-duine, or Inchydoney, is an Island in 
Clonakilty Bay, which constitutes a Prebend in Ross Cathedral. The 
point of it which projects farthest into the sea is called "the Virgin 
Mary's Point," and on its summit are the impressions of a pair of 
knees supposed to have been made by the blessed Virgin herself. 

l<tjt>e. 91 

However they were first made, there is no miracle in their preserva- 
tion, as the people are in the habit of resorting to the spot and kneel- 
ing on them whilst offering a prayer. Dunowen is the name of a 
townland on the southern coast east of the Red Strand already identified 
with Goilin-na-Gaithneamhna. The remains of a castle, from which 
it takes the first part of the name, still exist. A line from Dunowen, 
parallel to those which measure the extent of the preceding divisions 
in a north-westerly direction, will reach the stream which runs from 
the eastern extremity of Curraghalickey Lake to the Bandon River. 
This stream bounds the lands of Drinagh in the Parish of Drinagh. 
We may safely assume that this name was originally spelled Droigh- 
neach, and that therefore the stream was called in the description of 
the territory Glaise-Droighneach. 

The Parish of Ardfield on the southern coast of this division, taking 
the first part of the name from the great elevation of the ground on 
which the Church is built, which rises from the sea in very lofty and 
precipitous cliffs, contains in the latter part, no doubt, a corruption of 
the name of O'Fithcheallaigh, the chief of the district. Another 
remnant of the same is perhaps to be found in the name of the little 
stream which runs in a south-easterly direction to the town of Clon- 
akilty, and was probably the boundary between this and the next sub- 
division. The name of this stream as given on the Ordnance Map is 
Fealge, but this spelling is of course arbitrary, and the name is com- 
monly pronounced Feely or Feehily, and seems to be a corruption of 

VI. The next subdivision is called Tuath-na-Donn-ghalaigh, and 
extends from Inis-duine, already mentioned, to Beal-atha-na-h-Uidhre> 
and from Greallach-na-g-Cruime to Achadha. Beal-atha-na-h-Uidhre 
is a ford over the River Airgidin, (silver stream, in sound and sense 
like Homer's agyvgodivris,) about five miles westward from Clonakilty. 
It is known by this name as a place where two priests were murdered, 
in consequence of some matrimonial affair, and whose bodies were 
found in the river adjacent to the ford. Greallach-na-g-Cruime is 
now known only in the former part of the name. There are two places 
called Greallach or Grillach, either of which may have been intended. 
One is a townland on the Bandon River a little east of Ballybuy 


already mentioned. This would carry the present division up to the 
northern boundary of the whole territory to which it probably extended. 
The other is on the River Airgidin, about a mile and half north of 
Clonakilty, and would serve as a point from which to measure the ex- 
tent in an easterly direction, as the line from Inis-duine to Beal- 
atha-na-h-Uidhre does in a westerly. Achadha is the present name of 
a townland a short space inland from the Broad Strand or Traigh- 
elaen, which has been already mentioned as the eastern limit of the 
territory as it h also of this division, 

Amongst the followers of O'Domhnaill, the chief of this division, is 
mentioned O'h-Aedha of Cluain-da-Mhael. About a mile west from 
Clonakilty is the site of an ancient castle which stood upon a bold rock 
over a ford. The Castle belonged to the O'Heas, and the place is 
now called Aghamilla. The former part of this name being derived 
from the ford (ath), the latter might present some trace of the word 
which forms the latter part of Cluain-da-Mhael. This Castle was bat- 
tered by Cromwell's forces, and only a small remnant of the foundation 
is now perceptible. A farmer, whose family has been long settled in 
the immediate vicinity, possesses a cannon ball found by one of his 
ancestors in the dyke of the roadside. The tradition is that the people 
were assembled to dance on a Sunday evening, when the battering 
commenced from a hill on the other side of the Castle, and that it fell 
almost immediately, being extremely ancient. O'Sealbhaigh is also 
mentioned, and this name is perhaps still retained in the small parish 
and the lands of Kilsallagh near Courtmacsherry within this division. 

VII. The last division of the territory is called Tuath-Ui-Duibh-da- 
leith, and is said to have extended from Beal-atha-na-h-Uidhre to 
Beal-atha-buidhe, both already mentioned, and from Gortnadiha to 
Loch-an-Tairbh. Gortnadiha is a denomination of land very near Kil- 
meen Church, and Loch-an-Tairb or Lough -atariff, as it is commonly 
called in English, is a Lake in the western border of the Parish of 


J. Q. 


On the 4th of September, 1368, the Poers of the County of Water- 
ford, having gathered all their forces, and being joined by O'Hedriscol 
of the County of Cork, and his gallies and men, sailed towards Wa- 
terford with an intention to plunder the city, which the Poers bore a 
great enmity to, on account of their fidelity and good government. 
John Malpas then Mayor, being informed of their designs, prepared 
to resist them, and accompanied by Walter Devenish, Sheriff of the 
County, Richard Walsh, Master of St. John of Jerusalem, with a 
number of merchant strangers and English, set himself at their head, 
and sailed towards the enemy. But the event did not answer these 
preparations. For the Poers with the aid of the western gallies of the 
O'Hedriscols set upon the city forces, and routed them. In this 
battle the Mayor, with the Sheriff of the County, the Master of the 
Hospital, thirty-six of the most worthy Citizens, as also sixty mer- 
chant strangers and English were slain. On the other side, the head 
of the Poers called Baron of Don-Isle, his brother Bennet Poer, with 
many of that sept, and numbers of the O'Hedriscols fell. The day 
following the Mayor was brought to the city, all hewen and cut to 
pieces, and was buried in Christ Church, and Richard Brasborne was 
immediately elected Mayor in his room. M.S. Clogher, in College 
Library. Natural and Civil History of Waterford, 1746, by 
Charles Smith, pp. 125, 126. 

In the year 1413, Simon Wickin, Mayor of Waterford, Roger Walsh 
and Thomas Sault, Bailiffs, surprised and took prisoners, O'Hedriscol, 
his family, and the rest of his followers in his strong castle of Balti- 
more in the County of Cork. They took with them a strong band of 
men in armour, on board a ship belonging to the city, and arrived at 
the castle on Christmas day at night. The Mayor landed his men and 
marched up to the gate, and called to the porter, desiring him to tell 
his lord, that the Mayor of Waterford was come to the Haven with a 
ship of wine, and would gladly come in to see him ; upon this message 
the gate was set open, and the whole family made prisoners. MS. 
Coll. Libr. Ibid. 127. 


In the year 1450, Stat. 28, Hen. 6. No. 10. As divers of the 
King's subjects have been taken and slain by Finin O'Hedrischol, 
cheiftane of his nation, an Irish enemy, enacted, that no person of 
the ports, of Wexford, Water ford, &c. shall fish at Korkly Baltimore, 
nor go within the country of the said O'Hedrischol with victuals, arms, 
&c. and that proclamation be made of this by Writs in the parts afore- 
said, under the penalty of the forfeiture of their goods, and ships to 
those who shall take them, and their persons to the King; and the 
town who receives the said O'Hedrischol or any of his men shall pay 
40 to the King. Ibid. p. 129. See the Statute itself post, p. 98. 

On the third of June, 1461, the Mayor and citizens of Waterford 
being informed of the arrival of O'Hedrischol at Tramore, invited 
there by the Powers, (who always continued their rancour to the city) 
prepared themselves in warlike manner, and set forwards towards Bal- 
lymacdane, where they met the O'Hedrischols and Powers, gave them 
battle and gained a compleat victory, 160 of the enemy being slain, 
and some taken prisoners, among whom were O'Hedrischol Oge and 
six of his sons, who with three of their G allies were brought to Wa- 
terford. Ibid. p. 129. 

On the 20th of February, 1537, four Portugal ships laden with 
Spanish wines, consigned to the merchants of Waterford, were driven 
by tempest to Cape Clear, Baltimore, and the old head of Kinsale. 
One of the ships called la Santa Maria de Soci, laden with 100 tun 
of wine, was driven into a bay adjoining to the entrance of the haven 
of Baltimore. Finen O'Hederischol Chieftane of the Island, Conogher 
his son, and Gilly Duffe his base son, came on board and covenanted 
with the Merchants for three pipes of wine, to conduct the ships safe 
into the haven. When the Gentry and Peers of those parts had tasted 
the wines, they forgot their safe conduct and invited the Merchants to 
dinner in the castle, seized and clapped them in irons, manned their 
Irish gallies and took the ship, and distributed 72 tuns of the wine 
among their neighbours. 

On the 3rd of March news arrived of this action at Waterford. 
Immediately 24 men of the city with Pierce Dobbyn for their Cap- 
tain, sailed in a Pichard, called the Sunday of Waterford, well armed, 
and the day following at noon arrived suddenly at the ship, and as 


they boarded her on one side, Gilly Duff and twenty-four of his men 
fled out at the otheri When the ship was won Pierce Dohbyn manned 
her, and set the prisoners at large, there remained of the wine twenty- 
five tuns and more, and taking a view of the castle they fired several 
guns at the great hall, and then sailed to Waterford. 

On the 27th of the same month, the Mayor fitted out a little fleet 
consisting of the ship lately retaken, another large vessel, and the 
great galley of the city, well appointed with artillery, victuals, and 
men to the number of four hundred, and put them under the command 
of Bailiff Woodlock, as chief Captain, Pierce Dobbyn, James Walsh, 
James Sherlock, Henry Walsh and John Butler under Captains. On 
Wednesday the first of April at night they sailed, and arrived within 
the haven of Baltimore, and anchored towards the castle, which was 
guarded with men and artillery. They fired at it all night, and at the 
break of day the ward fled, and the Waterford men landed in good 
order in the island, and besieged the strong fortress there, the mariners 
entered the castle by the small port, and put up St. George's standard, 
and the army all entered at the Bridge-gate, and kept it five days, 
which they spent in destroying all the villages of the Island; and also 
the house of the Friers Minors near the castle, and the mill of the 
same. The fortress being double warded by two strong piles or castles, 
with walls, and barbicans, the halls, offices, &c. were totally ruined to 
the ground, and were tumbled into the sea. There was found in the 
island great store of malt, barley arid salt. There was taken here 
Finen's cheif galley of thirty oars, and above three or four score 
pinances, of which about fifty were burned, and the great galley 
carried to Waterford. Near to Inishircan was an island called Inchi- 
pite, 1 where Finen had his most pleasant seat in a castle, adjoining to 
a hall, with an orchard and grove, all which they destroyed and razed 
to the earth, and from thence they entered into another island, and 
burnt all the villages of the same. Then landing in the main they 
burnt and destroyed Baltimore, and broke down Teig O'Hederischol's 
goodly castle, and bawn. 

On Tuesday in passion-week one William Grant was on the top of 
one of the castles, which being all on fire under him, he stood upon 
one of the pinnacles and cried out for help ; Butler tied a small cord 


to an arrow and shot it up to Grant, at which he drew up an hawser 
fastened to the cord, and fixing the hawser to the pinacle, slided down, 
and was received by his fellows on heds. After this, on Good Friday, 
the army arrived safe at Waterford. MS. Clogher, in Coll. Library. 
Ibid. pp. 140, 141. Smith's Cork, Book III. ch. 2. 

Notes of certayne exploytes and hurtes done by the Powers of the 
Countie of Waterford^ and by the O'h-Edrisckolls of the west parte 
of Mounster upon the Cittizens of Waterford, and the reckonings 
of the said Citie upon them as followeth : 

The fourth day of September in A. one thousand three hun- 
dred three score and eight, and in the x7th year of King Edward the 
Third, the Powers of the Countie of Waterford being over evill willers 
and enemies unto the Citie of Waterford for their good government, 
they and Raymond O'h-Edriskoll, with his Galleys and men to come 
unto them to the Countie of Waterford to endamadge the Cittizens, 
upon knowledge of their arrvvall John Malpas, then Maior of the 
said Citie, prepared himself with a nomber of the best men of the 
said Citie, accompanyed with one Mr. Walter Devenishe, Sheriff of 
the said Countie, and Mr. Richard Walsh, Mr. of the Hospitall of 
St. John of Jerusalem, the Justices of the Peace of the said Countie, 
with a nomber of Merchant Estrangers, and Englysh men under 
the leading of the said Maior, sett forth themselves toward the said 
Galleys to encounter them, and at Glenoradmore in the said Countie, 
the said Powers with the ayde of them of the said westerne galleys, did 
sett upon the said Maior and his Company, whom the Powers meeting 
in severall Companies dispersed abroade, did bicker together, 
which bickering of their side, the said Maior with the said Sheriff and 
Justice of the Peace, with the nomber of thirtie-six of the best and 
worthiest men of the said Citie were slayne, and three score Merchant 
Estrangers and Englishmen were then slayne to the great losse and 
damadge of the said Citie. And of tli* other side were then slayne 
the Baron of Don'hill and his brother Bennett Power, with divers of 
the Powers and of the O h-Edriskolls. And so on the 10th day of the 


said moneth and yeare, the said Maior was brought dead to this Citie, 
all hewen and cutt to pieces, and so was buried at Chryst Church 
and then presently Richard Brusbone was elected and chosen Maior of 
the said Citie. From the Carew MSS. JVo. 632, p. 254, per C. 

Symon Wicken, Maior of Waterford, in journey with O'h-Idreskoll, 
Christmas Eve, one thousand four hundred and thirteen, A- 
primo Henrici quinti. 

Symon Wicken Maior of the Citie of Waterford, Roger Walsh, and 
Thomas Saulter, BaylifFs, in the first year of his maioralty, with a 
band of men in arino r > in a shipp of the forsaid Citie, went on Christ- 
mas Eve towards Balintimore, and in nyght on Christmas day 
at supper tyme landed his men, and in good order came to the gate of 
O'h-Idreskoll's greate house or castell within the said haven, and called 
to the porter and willing him to tell his lo. that the Maior of 
Waterford was come unto the haven with a shipp of wyne, and that he 
would gladly come in to see his lo- Upon notice thereof given by 
the porter to O'h-Idriskoll, the gate was set open, and the porter 
presently taken by the Maior and put aside, and so the Maior walked 
into the greate Hall, where O'h-Idriskoll and his kinsmen and friends, 
sitting at boordes made ready to supp, commanded O'h-Idriskoll and 
his company not to move or feare, for he would not, nor meant not, to 
draw no men's blood of the same house, more than to daunce and 
drinke, and so to departe. With that the said Maior toke up to 
daunce. O'h-Idriskoll and his Sonne, the Prior of the Friary, O'h-Y- 
driskoll's 3 brethren, his uncle and his wife, and leaving them in 
their daunce, the maior commanded every of his men to hold fast 
the said powers, and so after singing a carroll came away, bringing 
with them aboorde the said shipp the said O'h-Idriskoll and his com- 
pany, saying unto them they should go with him to Waterford to syng 
their carroll, and make merry that Christmas; and they being all 
aboorde made sayle presently, and arryved at Waterford St. Steven's 
day at night, where with greate joy received they were with lightes. 
From the Carew MSS. No. b 32, p. 254, b ; per C. Xash. 


An overthrow given by the Maior and Cittizens of Waterford upon 
O'h-Edriskoll at Ballymacdare, in the Countie of Waterford, the 
third day of June, A- 1461. 

The Maior and Cittizens of the Citie of Waterford being credibly 
informed of th'arryvall of O'h-Idriskoll, or Tramore being trayned 
thither by the Powers, who always continued in their ranckor and 
malice towards the Citie, the Maior and the Cittizens prepared them- 
selves in warlike manner, and sett forward themselves with good cour- 
rage towards Ballimacdare, in the said Countie, where they, having 
mett with the said O'h-Idriskoll and the Powers, and so bickered toge- 
ther, where the Maior and his companions had the victory of their 
side, and several of the said O'h-Idriskoll's company and of the Powers 
were slayne then by the said Maior and his company, and some taken 
prisoners, and in especiall were taken then all prisoners, O'h-Edriskoll 
Oge with vi. of his sonnes, which were then brought to Waterford with 
three of their Gallyes. -Frow the Carew MSS. No. 632, p. 255, b ; 
per C. Nash. 

Item que lou diverse liege people du Roy ount este prise destruez 
et tuhez per un Ffynyn Ohedirskoll chefteyn de sa nacion le quell 
est irrois Eneinye a notre seigneur le Roy et a tout -son liege people 
de la dit terre Sur que lez premissez considerez Ordine est per auc- 
torite du dit parlement que null manere persone dez partiez de weyes- 
ford, waterford, yoghill, Cork, kynsale ne null aultre liege people 
pessheront a korkly Balthymore deins la pays du dit Ohedirskoll 
ne veigne deins la terre du dit Ohedirskoll ove vitaile ne arm are 
mesque qils allont sur le dit Ohedirskoll en tout son pais come 
Enemiez a notre seigneur le Roy Et que proclaniacion soit fait sur ceo 
per lez briefs du Roy fait en lez partiez avauntditz sur la peine de for- 
factur de touz lour biens ove lour Niefs lez biens a ceulx que pren- 
dront et lez personez al Roy et en queconque vile le dit Ohedirskoll 
on ascun de sez homez soient receyvez ou tenuz encountre 1'entent du 
dit proclaniacion la persone et la vile que eulx receyvent paier au Roy 
xl li. Rof Stat\ 28 H. VI. a. 10. 


XVI, 17. Surrender by sir Fynnyn O'Driskoill of Baltimore, 
knt. and Thomas Crooke of the same, esq. and each of them, of the 
lands recited in the article next ensuing. [ ] May 5th. 

XVII. 18. Grant from the King to Thomas Crooke of Baltimore, 
Cork county, esq. Cork county. The territory, country or cantred of 
Collymore otherwise Q'D risk all's country, and the soil, shore, and 
strand of the haven of Baltimore, with the islands of Inisherkine 
Downygall, Capecleere and Inispicke, being parcel of the said cantred, 
which cantred extends by land towards the East on one side to the 
utmost bounds of two carucates of land of the Old Court near Drishen, 
on the other side to the utmost bounds of Drishenmore near Drishen- 
begg, and on another side to the utmost bounds of Randacassane near 
Ardgehan ; to the North to the river of Downegall ; to the West to the 
promontory of Capecleere and Inisherkane upon the sea; and to the 
South from Capecleere, to the utmost parts of Randacassane ; and it 
extends by sea from Fashney rock by West Capecleere, to the rocks 
called the Staggs the castle, town, and three carrucates of Baltimore, 
otherwise Downyshead, called by the common name of Tullagh, with- 
in the territory of Collymore the town and 3 carucates of Ballialen- 
shahane the like of Rathe 2 carucates of Old-Court otherwise Shane- 
Court Laccaghane, I caruc. Gortarde, 1 caruc Moonnagh, I 
cavuc. Ringarogeh, ^ caruc. Clay, 3 caruc. Slewmore, 1| caruc. 
Fearanacoishe, 1 caruc. Gorterd, ^ caruc. Gortilascah, J caruc. 
Teignayne, Gortilasca, and Kilbeacon, commonly called the 3 quarters 
of Downygall Ardaghe, 2 caruc. Glanvigane otherwise Glanyfoyne, 
1-J caruc Ballinard, 3 caruc. Lacke, 2 caruc. Gortivestre otherwise 
Gortivisir, % caruc. Brisbane, 3 caruc, all being within the said ter- 
ritory and island of Collymore, and lately being the demesne lands of 
Fynnin O'Driskoil, knt. and lately in the possession of Thomas Crooke ; 
annual value, 10 Irish. the chief rents, all in Irish money of 
4 3s. 4d. out of 1^ caruc. of Ferrencassie. l out of 1 J caruc. of 
Balliarde and Glanifinne l 17s. 4d. out of 2 caruc. of the Old- 
Court 4s. 8d. out of Gortinvoher l 17s. 4d. out of 2 caruc. of 
Ardagh 15s. out of 3 caruc. and 3 gnives of Randacassane 3s. 4d. 
out of caruc. of Annagh 2s. 3d. out of the 4 gnives of Clonegon 
4 15s. 4d. out of Slough tea in Clere Island and certain lands of 


Cribage -l 17s. 4d. out of Killinvy in the Island of Inisherkane 
l out of 3 caruc. of Lacke 10s. out of l^caruc. of Ballinarde ; all 
which lands are in the territory aforesaid ; with all the usual and legal 
customs, tolls, privileges, &c. belonging to sir Fynnin, or his ancestors, 
within the said country of Collymore and port of Baltimore. Licence 
to hold a Thursday market at Baltimore ; rent 6s. 8d. ; also for courts 
leet and baron under 40s. to be held by seneschals of his own making ; 
liberty to make parks with free warren and chace ; to hold two fairs at 
Baltimore on the feasts of St. John the Baptist and St. Simon and 
Jude, and for two days following each ; rent free. To hold for ever, 
in capite, by the 20th part of a knight's fee. 3 Jul. 5th. 

Inquisition taken at the towne of Roscarrybry in- the County of Corke 
the viiith. day of April, in the sexth year of the Reign of our sove- 
reign Lord James of England, &c. before William Lord Bishop of 
Cork (and another.) By the oaths of good, &c. who find that the 
bounds of the Country or Cantred of Colly More, alias called O'Dris- 
coll's Country, are eastward the uttermost bounds of the two plough- 
lands of the Old Court towards Dryshen, and the furthest bounds of 
Brisbane More, bounding upon Brisbane Begg and the uttermost 
bounds of Randacassan, bounding upon the lands of Ardgehane, and 
northwards upon the Ryver of Downegal, and westward from Cape 
Clyre and Innyshirckane upon the mayne sea, and southward from 
Cape Clyre to the uttermost part of Randacassan. The land of Col- 
lymore, alias called O'Driscoll's Country, containeth threescoare and 
fyve ploughlands, that is to say, in the mayne lande thirtie nyne 
ploughlands and a half; in the illande of Downy gall fower plough- 
lands; the illande of Innyshirckane nyne ploughlands; the illande 
of Cape Clyre twelve ploughlands ; the illande of Innyspike half a 
ploughland. The whole illandes of Innyshirckane and Clyre are with- 
in the Lordship or Country of Collymore, and all Innyshirckane is 
within the parishe of Tullaghe. That Cnogher mac Fynine O'Dryscoll, 
grandfather to Donnoghe Karragh O'Dryscoll was quietly seized in 
his demesne of Downylonge, and the moiety of the lands and rents of 
the O'Dryscolls, and of the rnoietie of the royalties of the Harbrough 
of Baltymore, and that Conogher mac Conogher father to Sir Fynyne 
O'Dryscoll, was quietly seized in his demesne of Downey sheade, and 


the other moyty of the lands and rents of the O'Dryscolls and of the 
other moyty of the dueties and Royalties of the Harbrough of Baity- 
more; and after the death of the said Conogher Mac Conogher O'Drys- 
coll, the said Sr. Fynyne entered into his father's moyty, and quietly 
enjoyed and possessed it as heir to his said father, that after the death 
of Conoghor mac Fynyne O'Dryscoll, father to Fynyne Karragh, and 
grandfather to Donogho Karragh, the said Sir Fynyne O'Driskoll 
entered upon that other moiety, and enjoyed the same until Fynyne 
Karragh, sone and heyre unto the said Conogher mac Fynyne and 
father to Donogho Karragh O'Driscoll, found himself grieved there- 
with, whereupon he commenced suit against Sir Fynyne for the whole 
loss, and hy consent of both parties they were content to refer the 
hearing and determining of their controversy to John Meade of Cork, 
Esq. and Walter Coppinger of Cloughane, gent, who ordered between 
them as followeth, viz. that Sir Fynyne O'Driscoll should enjoy the 
lordships, rents, and Royalties of the Country and Harbrough of 
Cully more, except only what competent lyvenge should be allotted by 
fower indifferent men of the said Cuntry of Collymore, for the said 
Fynyne Carrogh O'Driscoll, and upon the death of the said Sir Fynyne 
that then the lordship, rents and Royalties of the country and harbour 
aforesaid, should come and ennure to Fynyne Karragh, and that he 
should quietly enjov the same during his life, allowing unto the son 
and heire of Sir Fynyne what competent lyvenge four of the said 
country should allot unto him, and after the death of Fynyne Kar- 
ragh the said country rents, royalties, and duties of the Havbroughe 
to be equally divided between the heirs of the said Sir Fynyne and the 
heirs of the said Fynyne Karragh, and the said four men did not agree 
nor make any order during the lifetime of Fynyne Carragh, whereupon 
Donogh O'Driscoll, son and heir of the said Fynyne Karragh com- 
menced suit against the said Fynyne O'Driscoll for the whole loss, and 
that upon a new communication between them they were content and 
did submit, and refer the hearing and determining of the said contro- 
versy to Walter Coppinger of Cloughane, gent, and Doriell O'Done- 
vane, alias O'Donevane of Castle O'Donevane, who have ordered and 
determined between them as followeth, viz. that the said Sir Fynyne 
O'Driskoll and his heirs should for ever hold and enjoy the lands and 


rents ensuing, viz. the manor, town, and land of Downy sheade, con- 
taining three ploughlands, together with the other lands called by the 
names following, viz. Ballylynshighane three ploughlands, the Rathe 
two plonghlands and a half, Lackaghan one ploughland, Gortt .... 
and Munagh two ploughlands and a half; the castle, town, and lands 
of Ballyillane three ploughlands, Rynne Cormocke and Goahane one 
ploughland and thirty acres. The chief rents of the moiety of Sir 
Fynyne O'Driskoll, vizt. out of the ploughland and half of Farren- 
cassy four pounds three shillings and four-pence, out of the ploughland 
and half of Glanny-Fyne and Ballinard twenty shillings, out of the 
two ploughlands of the Old Court thirty-seven shillings and four pens, 
out of Curtynvoher four shillings and eight pens, out of two plough- 
lands of Ardagh thirty-seven shillings and four pens, out of two plough- 
lands and three gnyves of Ryndacassin fifteen shillings, out of the 
half ploughland of Annagh three shillings and four pence, out of the 
four gnyves of Clonnegoy two shillings and three pens, in all amount- 
ing to the sum of ten pounds, three shillings and three pens. And 
they have also further ordered that the said Donogho O'Driskoll, son 
and heir of Sir Fynyne, should have and enjoy to him and his heirs 
for ever the lands and rents ensuing, viz. the Manor, town and lands of 
Downelonge, with the six ploughlands and half, viz. Sleavemore three 
ploughlands; and Rynedrolane half a ploughland; the Little Illande 
with the castle of Innyspicke half a ploughland ; Glane and Cryhagh 
in the island of Clyre three ploughlands; the Castle, town, and lands 
of Downegall ; and the island with Ringirrogy cont' four ploughlands ; 
the two ploughlands of Drishane. The thirty acres of Comenyteady, 
the chief rent assigned for the moiety of Donogho O'Driskoll, viz. 
out of the lands of Sloughtea in the island of Clyre, whereof part is 
due upon other their lands of Chryhaghe, four pounds fifteen shillings, 
four pens. Out of the lands of Killmorny, in the island of limy shir - 
kane, thirty seaven shillings and four pens ; out of three ploughlands 
of Lacke twenty shillings ; out of the ploughland and half of Ballinard 

in all amounting to the sum of eight pounds, two shillings 

and eight pence. It was further ordered to the said arbitrators, that 
the said Sir Fynyne during his natural life should hold from the said 
Donogho all the premises to him allotted and belonging, paying there- 


for one penny per annum, (except only the Manor, Castle, and lands 
of Downelong, which the said Donogho is to enjoy until Sir Fynyne 
redeem the Castle and lands of Innyspicke, which the said Sir Fynyne 
hath mortgaged) and then to render the said two Castles, with such 
other lands as the said Donyll O'Donyvane and Walter Coppinger shall 
think fit to nominate for a competent living for the said Donogho, 
during the life of the said Sir Fynyne ; it was also ordered by the said 
Donell O'Donovane and Walter Coppinger, that Sir Fynyne O'Driskoll 
himself should redeem the lands mortgaged by him, being parcell of 
Donogho Karraghe's moiety before the death of the said Sir Fynyne 
or at the least the heires or assigns of the said Sir Fynyne within two 
years after his decease, or otherwise in default of performance, the 
premises to allow unto the said Donnogho Karragh as much of the 
moiety of the lands of the son and heir of the said Sir Fynyne as 
should countervail the same. The predecessors of O'Driskoll, lords 
of the said Country, have been always used to have divers Royalties, 
duties, and other customs from Fashney bewest Cape Clyre to the 
Rocks called the Stagges Eastward. The said Sir Fynyne O'Driskoll 
and his ancestors have been wont to receive as well from strangers as 
from their own tenants, the duties, customs, rents and royalties fol- 
lowing, viz. that every ship and barcque that cometh to aunquer in any 
part of the said Harbrough of Baltyrnore, ought to pay to the chief lord 
for the time being four-pence sterling for his aunkeradge. That every 
man that in the said town, Harbrough, or Country selleth any maner of 
comodity or marchandize, ought to tender them unto the Lord, and if 
he will buy them to let him have them before any other, abating one 
shilling out of every twenty shillings of his price. And if the Lord 
refuse them to pay him eight pence of every twenty shillings they sell 
the commodities for, the same to be paid by the seller. That the 
Lord is to have as a Royalty out of a butt of wine landed in any part 
of the premises fower gallons and no more, though he had forty butts 
in one seller. And all the empty caskes that is there drawen, and to 
have two-pence abated in every gallon that he buyeth to spend in his 
own house. That no man ought to draw a Seyn in the said Harbour, 
nor in any part of the said country without licence first obtained from 
the Lord ; if he do he is then punishable at the -Lord's pleasure. That 


the freeholders of the said Country are to tender any goods they have 
to sell unto the Lord, and to let him have the refusing of the same at 
the price another will give, but then he is to have nothing abated of 
the price, nor any thing if they sell to any other man after his refusal. 
But if they sell any other man's goods under that collor, they are 
punishable at the Lord's discretion. The Lord hath been wont to be 
Admiral of the Harbrough, and to have all wrecks within the Har- 
brough and Country time out of mind. That every ship or boat that 
cometh to the said Harbrough or town either to fish or sell his fish, the 
Lord hath these duties following, viz. every ship or boat that fisheth 
there is to pay the Lord in money nineteen shillings and two-pence, a 
barrell of flower, a barrell of salt, a hogshead of beer, and a dish of 
fish three times every week from every boat, viz. Wednesday, Friday, 
and Saturday, and if they dry their fish in any part of the said country 
they are to pay thirteen shillings for the rocke. That if any boat of 
them do chance to take a hollybutt they must give it to the Lord for 
a balle of butter, and if they conceal it from him xxiiii. hours they 
forfeit forty shillings to the Lord. That for every beef they kill they 
are to pay eight-pence, and for every sheep and pig that is killed like- 
wise one penny. That every boat which is let in the Harbrough to 
fishermen, the Lord is to have of the latter six shillings and eight-- 
pence for every hundreth white fish and every barrel of herrings or 
pilchers sold in any part of the premises, the Lord is to have the re- 
fusing, and eight-pence if any other buy them, which the seller is to 
pay. That every boat which fisheth in or from the said Harbrough be- 
tween Fastness and the Stagges three nights, is to pay two shillings 
eight pence to the Lord, and fish three times every week, and if 
they dry their fish for their rockes six shillings and eight pence. That 
all ships, except his Majesty's subjects, are to pay for theire rockes to 
dry their fish on, twenty shillings out of every beef, all the interrelles, 
the tunge and tallow excepted, and six barrels of salt, and all other 
duties as is aforesaid, that the Lord may buy all the fish which is taken 
in the Harbrough or a sea board, by any of the fishers that fish here 
three days in the season, and he is to have all those three days two- 
pence better cheap in every dozen of white fish then the ordinary price 
there is, and those duties are to be levied by tho Loi'd's bailiff by dis- 

t4it>e. 105 

tress ; if any refuse to pay the bailiff, to have from every of the said 
ships a fish three times every week, and a barrel of salt for the whole 
season. That the town of Kyngsale was wont to appoint an Admiral 
for the fishing season, and then he and the Lord did join in settling 
orders for the fishing, and keep Admiral's Court every Monday, and all 
pecuniary punishments for breaking the orders agreed upon were to be 
equally divided between the Lord and the Admiral, but if Kyngsale did 
not send one Admiral then, the Lord might appoint one, and take the 
same course alone. That all fines for bloodsheddes belong to the Lord, 
which are eleven shillings six-pence for every bloodshed ; that the Ad- 
miral for the fishing season and the Lord's Bailiff all the yeare ought to 
be assisted in the execution of thir Offices by all the strengths in the 
Harbrough or Country. That whosoever is pilot to conduct any ship or 
barque of above ten ton out the said Harbour of Baltymore through the 
north-west passage without special license first obtained from the Lord 
or his Bailiff, forfeiteth to the Lord five pounds sterling. That whosoever 
goeth aboard any ship or barque coming into the said Harbour before 
the Lord or his Bailiff has been aboard them, or giveth license there- 
unto, forfeiteth for every time unto the said Lord twenty-six shillings 
and eight-pence sterling. That all waives, stray ers, wreacks, and 
fellons' goods do belong to the Lord of Fee for the time being of aun- 
cient right. That the Lord hath al waves had the ellection of the Con- 
stables, Baylifes, and Clearcks of the markett in that whole Country 
or Cantred, and given them their oaths. That there hathe been 
alwaies tyme out of mynde in the town of Downesheade, otherwise 
called Baltymore, a contynuall markett for all manner of wares and 
merchandize whatsoever. The auncestors of O'Driskoll, commonly 
called O'Driskollmores, have for many hundred years held all the 
Country of Collymore as there auncient inheritance, accordinge to the 
custome of Tannystrie in this kingdome. And at this pointe Sir Fyn- 
yne O'Driskoll, eldest sone to Conoghor O'Driskoll, is in the possession 
thereof. But for the space of eleaven yeares he had the raoytie of the 
Country or Cantred aforesaid. And sithence that tyme he contynueth 
in possession of the whole twenty- fower yeares. That the country 
aforesaid hath been aunciently chardged by O'Driskoll's stronger neigh- 
bours, with certain rents, viz. To the Earles of Desmounde either 


eight beoves or eight nobles sterling, at the ellecction of the said 
O'Driskolls, to be payed at the feastes of All Saints yearely. That the 
Lord Bysshopp of Ros-Carrbry is to have out of three ploughlandes 
of Tullagh twenty shillinges sterling yearely. And out of Kilmune, 
Sleave-More, Fancronan, Roscurryne/ Ryndroiane, and Forryry, 
thirty six shillinges, sterling, yearely, paiable by even portions, viz. 
Michaelmas and Easter. The dueties taken for Mac C artie Riogh upon 
the Cantred of Collymore, are by the names of Cwd-Ihye fower 
poundes, thirteen shillings and fower-pence sterling, Irishe. Alsoe a 
Rente, called in Irishe by the name of Dwff Yeeks, or blacke rentes, 
three poundes, two shillinges, and two-pence halfe-penny sterling, for 
Dolly Sawny and Baultyny, or Cesse at May a*nd Michelmas, ny en- 
tine poundes, sixteen shillinges and five-pence sterling currency money 
in Englande, by even portions vizt. as above specified. That Slught 
Teige 1-Driskoll are freeholders of seaven ploughlandes wantinge 
twoe gnyves, the rents whereof are recited in the division above men- 
tioned between the said O'Driskolls. That Slught Donoghy Y-Driskoll 
are freeholders of a quarter, vizt. three ploughlandes wanting three 
gnyves,. the rents whereof by there severall names are recited in the 
division as above specified. That Slught Dermody I-Driskoll are 
freeholders of half a quarter, vizt. a ploughland and half, the rents of 
them likewise are recited in the division as aforesaid. That Slught-en- 
Naspigg are freeholders of a quarter, viz. three ploughlandes, the 
rents of them likewise are recited in the devision between the said 
parties aforesaid. That Slught Mac Hanyse are freeholders of two 
ploughlandes, there rents likewise are recited in the division as above 
written. That Mwynter Y-hilligh of Bally Mac Crarane, are freehold- 
ers of a quarter, viz, three ploughlandes, the rents of them likewise 
are specified in the devision above written. That Slught O'Driskoll 
are freeholders of fower quarters, vizt. twelve ploughlandes, the rents 
of them are also recited in the devision as above written. That Do- 
nogho McFynyne ne Longye of Annaghe is freeholder of half a plough- 
land, called by the name of Annagh, the rents whereof is recited in 
the devission as above written. There was also shewen unto the said 
Commissioners a Deed of feofiment made by Sir Fynyne O'Driskoll, 
Knight, Dame Ellen his wife, and Walter Goolde of Corcke, merchant. 


of the Lordeshipp, Country and Cantred of Collymore, and of all the 
Royalties, profits and comodities we [to] the same belonginge together 
with thirtye-five ploughlandes and a quarter of demeasne landes unto 
Thos. Crooke, Esquire of Baltymore aforesaid, now in the possession 
thereof, as by the said Deed particularly may appear; the tenor whereof 
enseweth in hec verba: To all Christian people, &c. There was also 
sheowen unto the said Commissioners a letter of attorney, bearing 
date the first of August, 1600, made by Sir Fynyne O'Driskoll Knight, 
Dame Ellyn his wife, and Walter Golde of Corcke, merchante, unto 
Edmond Knapp, for the delyvery of possession with lyvery, and seison 
of all and singler the premises, accordinge to the purporte and effect of 
the said feofFement, as by the said letter of attorney more at large may 
appeare. There was also sheowen unto the said Commissioners a 
feoffment made by Donald MacCartie, alias MacCartye Rioghe of Kil- 
brittane, Esq. unto Sir James Lancaster of the City of London, Knt. 
his heyres and assigns, bearing date the nyenteenth day of February, 
1605, whereby yt appeareth that the said Donyll Mac Carty hath in- 
feoffed the said Sir James Lancaster, his heyres and assigns, of all 
Castells, landes, rents, &c. within the said whole country, cantred, or 
division of Collymore in the county of Corke aforesaid, as by the said 
deed doth at large appeare. There was alsoe sheowen unto the said 
Commissioners a letter of Attorney under the hand and seal of Sir 
James Lancaster, Knight, bearing date the thirde day of May, 1606, 
thereby gevenge full power and authority unto Thomas Crooke, afore- 
said, his lawful attorney, and assiegny to deale in and dispose of the 
premises at his will and pleasure, as by the said letter more at large 
may appeare. There was also sheowen unto the said Commissioners 
a noate of the royalties, customes and dueties before specified with his 
superscription followenge, viz. A true noate, &c. 

Com. annex. 

Inq' capt' apud vill' de Bandonbridge in Com' Cork vicesirno die 
Augusti anno regni domini Caroli, &c. octavo, coram Wilielmo Wiseman 
ar' Escaetore domini regis Com' pred' (et alio) per sacramenta probo- 
rum, &c. qui die' quod Fynnyne O'Driscoll ntip. de . . . de et in 
vill. et de Downesheade et x carr. terras et dimid' un' carr' terr' in . . 
un' carr' terr' de Lacaghane, un' carr' et dimid' carr' vocat' Gort . . 


capital' reddit' trigint' et septem solidor' de Ouldcourt 

et annual' reddit' .... an. reddit' trigint' et septem solid' de 

et ex Ardagh die' solid' et quatuor de et ex 

Clonegon. Et ulterius Juratores pred' die' quod sic 

inde seisit' existen' unacum Walter' Gould . . . geren' dat' primo 
die Junii anno domini 1606 feoffaver' inde Thoma' Crooke de Dromea 
. . . in Com' pred' . . . Prout per pred' fact' plenius apparet : 
cujus quidem tenor sequit' in hec verba : To all Christian people, 
&c. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod Thomas Crooke, Fynnyn O'Dris- 
koll, et Walter Coppinger per fact' eorum geren' dat' vicesimo die Junii 
anno domini 1610. . . concesserint omnia premiss' pred' cuida' Thome 
Bennett executor' et assignat' suisprout per pred' fact' plenius apparet: 
cujus quidem tenor sequit' in hec verba : This indenture made, &c. 
Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Thomas Crooke seisit' existen' de om- 
nibus predictis per fact' suu' geren' dat' vicesimo secundo die Julii anno 
domini 1610 concessit rer' con' premiss' prefat' Walter' Coppinger et 
hered' suis imperpetuum prout per fact' pred' plenius apparet cujus qui- 
dem tenor sequit' in hec verba : To all Christian people, &c. Et ulterius 
die' quod pred' Thomas Crooke, per fact' 'siiura geren' dat' octavo die 
Novembr' anno regni nupei Regis Jacobi Angl.' &c. nono, relaxavit omnia 
premiss' pred' prefat. Walter' Coppinger et hered' suis imperpetuum prout 
per pred. fact' plenius apparet : cujus quidem tenor sequit' in hec verba : 
To all Christian people, &c. Et ulterius die' quod Donat' O'Driscoll 
de Downenylonge in Com' pred' per fact' suum geren' dat' primo die 
Marcij anno domini 1608 feoffavit pred' Walter' Coppinger et hered' 
de omnibus preniissis pred' et de tribus carr' terr' de Ballinshighane ann' 
val' Vis. ac de tribus carr' terr' de Ballinelane ann' val' Vis. ac de 
trigint' acr' terr' de Gohane ann' val.' VId. jacen' in Com' Cork prout 
per pred' fact' plenius apparet: cujus quidem tenor sequitur in hec verba: 
To all Christian people, &c. Et ulterius' Jur' pred' die' quod pred' 
Walter' Coppinger in possessione existen' de omnibus premiss' pred' ad 
usum ipsius Walter' et hered' suorum pred' Fynyn O'Driscoll per fact' 
suum geren' dat' duodecimo die April, 1611, relaxavit omnia premiss' 
pred 'prefat' Walter' Coppinger et hered' suis in perpetuum prout per pred' 
fact' plen' apparet: cujus quidem tenor sequit' in hec verba: Omnibus 
Christi fidelibus ad quos, &c. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' imp' 


Rex Jacobus decimo die Julii anno regni sui Angl. &c. octavo, per 
literas su' patent' concessit licenc' prefat' Thome Crooke alienand' oinnia 
premiss' pred' prefat' Fynyn O'Driscoll, Walter' Coppinger, et Donat' 
O'Driscoll et liber' tenent' com' pred' et hered' suis. Et ulterius die' 
quod septimo die Novembr. anno regni dicti nuper Regis Jacobi Angiie, 
&c. nono, pred' Fynnyn O'Driscoll, dna Ellyn' uxor ejus, et Thorn' 
Crooke levaver' finem de omnibus premiss' pred' pre fat' Walter' Coppinger 
et hered' suis. Postremoque jurat' pred' die' quod omnia premiss' pred' 
tempore confection' seperal' alienac' pred' tenebantur de dicto nuper 
Domino Rege Jacobo in capite per servic 5 mil'. 

Inquisit. capta apud Bandonbridge in Com. Cork decimo quarto die 
Augusti 1630, coram Phillippo Percival, Wilielmo Wiseman ar. Esca- 
etor' domini regis Com. pred' (et alio) per sacram' probor', &c. qui dicunt 
quod Dermott MacConnogher O'Driscoll de Castlenardjuxta Baltimore 
in Com. Corke predict' seisitus fuit de feodo de undecim gneeves de 
terra de Castlenard predict' in Com. pred' val' per annum vigint' et duor' 
denar'. Et quod predictus Dermott MacConnogher O'Driscoll sic inde 
seisitus existens per factum suum gerens dat' vicesimo primo die No- 
vembris anno domini millesimo sexcentessimo vicessimo octavo alienavit 
quinque gneeves parcell' predict' undecem gneeves de Castlenard 
predict' cuidam Johanni O'CrowJy de Gortard gen' et hered' suis in 
mortgag' suum et trigint' et duo libr' sterl' sub condicion' redemptionis. 
Et ulterius dicunt quod predict' Deimott obiit de et in resid' premiss' 
decimo die Septembris anno domini 1629. Et quod Margaret ny 
Dermott est ejus filia et unica heres et etatis duorum annorum tem- 
pore mortis predict' Dermot patris sui et non marital'. Postremoque 
jurat' predict' dicunt quod omnia premissa tenentur de Domino rege in 
capite per servic' rnilitar'. 

Inquisit' capt' apud Bandonbridge in Com. Cork decimo quarto die 
Augusti anno domini regis Caroli, &c. sext' coram Philippe Percival], 
Wilielmo Wiseman ar' Escaetor' domini regis Com. pred' (et alio) per 
sacram' probor', &c. qui dicunt quod Hugo MacKnoghar O'Driscoll de 
Farreneconshey in Com. Cork predict' seisitus fuit de feodo de novem 
gneeves terr* jacen' et existen' in occidental' partibus de Farrene- 
conshy predict' in Com. Corke predict' val' per annos duor' solid'. Et 
sic inde seisitus obiit decimo die Novembris viginti et quatuor annos 


preterit' aut eo circiter. Et ulterius dicunt quod Cornelius MacHugh 
O'Driscoll est ejus films et heres et fuit.etatis trigint' et un' annorum 
tempore mortis Hugonis MacKnogher O'Driscoll predict' patris sui et 
maritat. Postreinoque Jur' predict' die' quod omnia premissa te- 
nentur de Domino rege per servicium militare. 

Inquisit' capt' apud Bandonbridge in Com. Cork decimo sexto die 
Septembris anno regni domini Caroli, &c. septimo, coram Phillippo 
Percivall, Wilielmo Wiseman ar' Escaetor domini regis com. pred' 
(et alio) per sacram' probor', &c. qui dicunt quod Maccon O'Driscoll 
alias Maccon Gorme O'Driscoill seisit' fuit de feodo de castr* et duobus 
carrucat' terra de Donegalle ami' val' v-solid. Et de dimid' carrucat' 
terr' de Gortilasca ann' valor' xv d . Et de dimid' carrucat' terr' de 
Glane Srirhaghe in insula de Capecleere ann val xv d . Et de novein 
gneeves terrse de Gokane, ann. val. xxi d . que omnia premiss' pred' 
jacen', &c. existen' in Com. Cork pred. Et sic inde seisit' existens 
obiit sic inde seisit' existen' circa trigint' annos jam ultim' elapsis. 
Et quod Fynyn O'Driscoll alias Carraghe fuit ejus nepos et prox' 
heres vizt. fil' et hered' Conoghor O'Driscoll fratr' et proxim' 
hered' predict' Maccon et quod fuit etat' viginti et septein annor' tem- 
pore mort' pred' Maccon et maritat'. Et ulterius dicunt quod pred. 
Fynyn postea obiit scilicet decim' die Septembris anno domini 1 609. 
Et quod Donnoghe Carraghe est ejus filius et heres et plen' etat' 
tempore mort' pred' Fynyn et maritat. Postremoque jurat' pred' dicunt 
quod omnia premiss' pred' tempore mort' pred' Maccon et Fyniri tene- 
bantur de nuper domina nostra regina Elizabetha et de domino nostro 
rege Jacob' respective in capite per servic' mil', vizt. per tertiam 
partem unius feodi mil'. Et ulterius dicunt quod Donnoghe O'Driscoill 
clamat premiss' pred' esse jus suum et hereditat'. Et quod annual' 
reddit', debit', et solubil' estMacCarty Reoghe ex pred' premiss'. 

Inquisit' capt' apud Bandonbridge in com' predicto nono die Octobris 
anno regni domini Caroli, &c. octavo, coram Peregrine Banaster, 
Wilielmo "Vfiseman ar' Escaetor' domini regis Com' pred' (et alio) 
per sacram' probor', &c. qui die' quod Teige O'Driskoill de Byale- 
dwilveige in Com' predicto gen. seisitus existens de feod' de vill' et 
terr' de Lacken Coskerane et Faneadrill in Com' pred' contin' un' 
carucat' terr' annui valor ; trium solidor' per chartam suam dat' quarto 

* l<4)6e. ill 

die Decembris anno domini 1631, in consideration' sumrne quadragint' 
librarum, &c. (licencia domini regis inde prius non obtent') feoffavit 
inde Argentum Hull arm' hered' et assign* suos imperpetuurn per 
modum mortui vadii sub condicione redemptionis. Et quod premissa 
pred' tenentur de Domino Rege in capite per servic' militare, videlicet 
per decimam parteiu unius feodi militis. Et jurat* pred' ulterius 
dicunt quod Johannes Monyghane de Bwolyhillaghe in Com' pred' 
seisitus existens de feodo de dhnid' unius carrucat' terr' de Bwoly- 
hillaghe pred' in Com' pred' annui valor' viginti denar'. Et sic seisit' 
existens per chartam suam dat' septimo die Septembris anno domini 
1631, in consideration' summe sexagint' librar' (licencia domini regis 
inde prius non obtent') feoffavit inde prefat' Argentum Hull heredes et 
assign' suos imperpetuurn per modum mortui vadij sub conditione re- 
demptionis. Et quod pred' premiss' tenentur de Domino Rege in capite 
per servic' militar' videlicet per decimam partem unius feodi militis. 

Inquisit' capt' apud the Kings Ould Castle in Com' Cork decimo 
septimo die Septembris anno regni domini Caroli, &c. nono, coram 
Pho. Percivall, Willo. Wiseman ar' Escaetor' domini regis Com' pred' 
(et alio) per sacram' probor', &c. qui die' quod Cnoghor MacDermod 
O'Driskoill de Glanefyne in Com' pred' gen' seisitus fuit de feodo de 
duobus carrucat' terr' de Glanefyne pred' in Com' pred' annual' valor* 
decem solidor'. Et sic seisitus existens obiit inde seisitus prirno die 
Augusti anno domini 1629. Et quod Moriertagh MacCnogher O'Dris- 
koill est ejus films et prox' heres' ac fuit plene etat' tempore mortis 
patris sui pred' et marital'. Et quod premissa pred' tenentur de Domi- 
no Rege in capite per servic' mil', videlt' per vicesimam partem unius 
feodi mil'. 

Inquisit' capt' apud Bandonbridge in Com. pred' decimo quarto die 
Octobris, anno regni domini Caroli, &c. quinto, coram Wilielmo 
Wiseman ar' Escaetor' domini regis Com' pred' (et aliis) per sacram' 
probor', &c. qui die' quod Fynen O'Driscoll alias Carragh nuper de 
Donalonge in Com' Corke pred' gener' seisit' fuit de feodo de Castro 
vill' et terr' de Donolonge in Com' pred' contin' tres carrucat' terr' 
valor' per annos viginti solid'. Ac de una carrucat' et tertia parte 
unius carrucat' terr' in tribus partibus divis' in Sleamore in dicto 
Comitatu valor' per ann' octo solid'. Ac de dimid' carrucat' terr' 


de Glaniragy in Insula de Cape Clare in dicto Com. valor* per ann' 
duor solid*. Ac de dimid' carrucat' terr' de Gortydrobid in Insula 
de Donogall in dicto com' valor' per ann' duor' solid'. Et sic seisitus 
existens per chartain suam dat' vicesimo quinto die Novembris anno 
domini 1599 feoffavit David Hurley de Ballynecurrigg in dicto Com' 
gen. de pred' Castro de Donolonge etduabus carrucat' terr' dicto Castro 
partem vocat', per nomina de Lacklae ad opus et usum Onore ny Ranell 
uxor' died Fynen duran' vita natural' die* Onore et post ejus decess' 
ad usum rector' hered' died' Fynen O'Driscoll. Et sic seisit' existens 
obiit sic inde seisitus decimo die April anno domini mylessimo sex- 
centessimo. Et jur' pred' die' quod postmortem died Fynen O'Driscoll 
alias Caragh domina Onora relict' ejusdem Fynen virtute dicti feoffa- 
ment' intravit in dicto Castro de Donolonge et dictis duabus carrucat' 
terr' de Lacklae et percepit exit', &c. diet' premiss' durant' termino 
sexdecem annorum tune prox' sequent' et tune obiit. Et quod Con- 
oghor Mac Fynen fuit filius et heres dicti Fynen O'Driscoll, et fuit plene 
etatis tempore [mortis] died patris sui et non maritat'. Et quod 
dictus Conoghor post mortem died patris sui intravit in omnia predic' 
premiss' (except' predic* Castr') etdictas duas carrucat' terr' de Lacklae. 
Et fuit inde seisit' de feodo. Et sic inde seisit' existens vicesimo nono die 
Septembris anno domini 1606 obiit sic inde seisit'. Et quod Donnogh 
O'Dryscoll est ejus frater et heres et fuit plene etatis tempore mortis 
dicti fratris sui et non maritat'. Et quod omnia premiss' tenentur de 
Domino rege in capite per servicium militare. 

Inquisit' capt' apud the King's Ould Castle in Com. Cork decimo 
septim' die Octobris 1636, anno regni domini Caroli, c. duodecimo, 
coram Wilielmo Fenton mil' (et alio) per sacram' probor', &c. qui die' 
quod Daniel MacCarty alias MacCarty Reigh, nuper de Kilbrittan in 
Com. Cork ar' seisit' fuit de feodo de maner' de Kilbrittan contin' trigint' 
et tres carrucat' terr' viz. in carrucat' terr' de Kilbritten pred' Ballybeg 
et Ballymore condn' un' carrucat' terr' Carriggin, Ignory et Baltyn 
Ignyn contin' un carrucat' terr' Coolesynagh con tin' dimid' unius 
carrucat' terr', Burren contin" un' carrucat' terr' Ardicroe contin' un' 
carrucat' terr', Rathclaren contin' un' carrucat' terr', lez du' GlanndufTes 
ex parte oriental' et occidental' contin' un' carrucat' terr' Shanyquill 
contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr' Garranfync contin' un' carrucat' terr'. 


Coolenypisse contin' uii' carrucat' ten' Cnocknygapull contin' uu' carrucat' 
terr'. Et quod pred' Daniel sic inde seisit' existens per fact' suum debit' 
perfect' decim' nono die Januarii anno domini 1623, feoffavit inde 
Theobald Roch milit' Teige MacCormick Carty, Cahir O'Callaghane, 
David Nangle, et John Roch Fitz Nichol hered' et assign' suos ad 
cert' us' prout per fact' pred' dat' eodem die et anno plenius apparet, 
cujus quidem tenor sequitur in hec verba : To all faithful people to 
whom, &c. Et ulterius jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel MacCarty 
Reagh seisit' fuit similiter de feodo de vill' terr' et tenement' de Down- 
edanier alias Skeachinannyhis contin' un' carrucat' terr' Ballymontyre 
contin' un' carrucat' terr' Cloghvodowny contin' un' carrucat' terr' mo- 
lendin' de Downedamer, Ratharowne contin' un' carrucat' terr', Cluon- 
cuose contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr', Tralong contin' ' un' carrucat' 
terr' Cnockmuckyfynny contin' un' carrucat' terr', Cnockane-Eaden, et 
Currygulligan contin' un' et dimid' carrucat' terr', Tullelane conin* 
un' corrucat' terr' ; Scoghbane contin' un' carrucat' terr' ; Gortruoc et 
Downegannon contin' un' carrucat' et tres gneeves terr'. Que omnia pre- 
miss' contin' in toto undecim carrucat' et tres gneeves terr'. Et quod 
pred' Daniel sic inde seisit' existens de preniissis pred' per fact' suum 
debit' perfect' vicesimo primo die Januarii anno domini 1635, feoffavit 
cuid' Donogh O'Callaghane, Daniel Oge Hurly, Eddmond Fitzmorris 
et Richardum Fitzgerald, hered', et assign' suos ad cert' us' prout per 
fact' pred' dat' eisdem die et anno plenius apparet, cujus quidem tenor 
sequit' in hec verba : To all Christian people, &c. Et ulterius jur' 
pred' die' quod Ellinora Carty alias Gibbon seisit' est durant' vita sua 
natural' ut junctur* sua de maner' de Gortnaclohy existens septem' car- 
meat', viz. lez tres carrucat' terr' pertinen' castro Munnyvohillighane 
contin' un' carrucat' terr' Rahynenyboull contin' un' carrucat' terr', 
Downyne contin' un' carrucat' terr,' et Ardgihane contin' un' carrucat' 
terr', et redem' et reversione inde et de omnibus aliis premiss' expectan 
prefat' Daniel et hered' suis imperpetuum. Et ulterius jur' pred' die' quod 
pred' Daniel MacCarty seisit' fuit similiter de feodo de Castr' et sex car- 
meat' terr' de Coolemeany, vizt. lez du'carrucat' terr' pertin' pred' Castr' 
Glann-Ivade contin' dimid' unius carrucat' terr' et Garranbeg contin' un' 
carrucat' terr' ; Coorlomaine contin' dimid' un' carrucat" terr' ; Banea con- 
tin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr' ; Bally vatten contin' dimid' un' carrucat' 


terr'; Cluoynebuogge contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr', et Cnoopoge con- 
tin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr', que pred' sex carrucat' terr', ultim' recitat' 
exist' dimis' Vincentio Gookins mil'. Et ulterius jur' pred' die' quod 
pred' Daniel Mac Carty Reogh similiter seisit' fuit de feodo de le dimid' 
carrucat' terr' de Cluanedirrin, le dimid' carrucat' terr' de Ratharrowne- 
begge, lez du' gneeves de Ly shine- 1 line, lez tribus gneeves de Killydirry, 
lez tribus gneeves terr' de Gurtyne-Itanntaliffe, et Liscoghlane, lez du' 
gneeves de Blooyd, le C nocks contin' un' carrucat,' et un' gneeve terr' 
lez trib' gneeves terr' de West Dromnegarruife, Killvurrow, contin' 
dimid' un' carr' terr', lez tres gneeves et dimid terr' Lissnydirrane 
et Maule-Iculligg et Easte Ratharrowne contin' un' carrucat' terr' 
val' in to to quatuor libr'. Et ulterius jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniell 
MacCarthy Reogh seisit' fuit de annual' reddit' viginti trium libr' octo- 
decim solid' novem denar' et un' quadran' ster',, anglice a smulkin 
exeun' ex to to cantred' de Ivaghe, vizt, annual' reddit' trium libr' et 
quatuor decem solid' ster' exeun' ex noveni carrucat' terr' de Ard- 
intennane, viz. ex qualibet carr' terr' equaliter diviss' sunt octo solid' 
et du' terc' part' unius drachme anglice two Bungall's ster' ac etiam 
de annual' reddit' quatuor' libr' octodecirn solid' et octo denar' ster' 
exeun' ex lez duodecirn carruc' terr' de Leamcon, vizt. ex qualibet 
carruc' terr' equaliter diviss' summa octo solid' et du' tertiarum partium 
unius drachme ster'. Et de octo solid' et du' tertiis partibus unius 
drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez quinque 
carrucat' et dimid' terr' de Downemeanus. Ac de octo solid' et du' 
tertiis partibus unius drachme ster' annuatirn exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Bygalldwillin. Ac de octo 
solid' et du' tertiis unius drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Downeloghy, ac de vigint' 
quatuor solid' et octo denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' 
terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Downebeaton. Ac de quatuor 
solid' et un' tertia parte unius drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex 
dimid' carrucat' terr' de Derryvanten. Ac de duodecim solid' et 
quatuor denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex le carrucat' et dimid' terr' de 
Cloghine et Cahir. Ac de octo solid' et du' terc' part' unius drachme 
ster' annuatim exeun ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de Lysycahy et 
Croggine contin' du' carrucat' terr'. Ac de octo solid' et du' tertiis 


partibus unius drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex Brisbane contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de vigint' solid* et sex denar' et due quadran' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex Shantullaghe contin' du' carrucat' et dimid' 
terr'. Ac de octo solid* et du' tertiis partibus unius drachme ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex carrucat' terr' de Cashill-Tain. Ac de octo 
solid' et du' tertiis partibus unius drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex 
qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Callary-Ightraghe 
et Callry-Voghtragh. Ac de vigint' quatuor solid' et octo denar' 
annuatim exeun' ex lez du' Balline Mac Craghs contin' tres carrucat' 
terr', viz. octo solid' et du' terc' part' unius drachme ster' anglice two 
Biingalls per carrucat' terr'. Ac de duodecim solid' et quatuor 
denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Cloghane-Iculline continen' un' 
carrucat' et dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de quatuor solid' et un' tert' 
part' unius drachme ster' annuatim exeun' ex dimid' carrucat' terr' 
de Cahirreleckine. Ac etiain de duodecim solid' et quatuor denar' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex Carnebegg-Cnoriske contin' un' caorucat' 
et dimid' unius carrucat' terr', viz. octo solid' et du' terc' part' unius 
drachme anglice two Bungalls ster' per carrucat terr'. Ac etiam de 
duodecim solid' et quatuor denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Innagh- 
boghtirr contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' terr'. Ac de un' solid' et sex 
denar' ster' annnuatim exeun' ex Gubbine contin' un' carrucat' terr' 
ac de un' solid' et undeciin denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Crooke- 
haven contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de un' 
solid' et undccim denar' annuatim exeun' ex Fossye et Lissygriffyne 
contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de un' solid' 
et undeciin denar' annuatim exeun' ex Carren-Iglavine contin' un' 
carrucat' et dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de un' solid' et undecim 
denar' ster' annual im exeun' ex Dwagh contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' 
unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de quinque solid' et novem denar' ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex Carrowcloghaghe contin' tres carrucat' terr/ viz. 
un' solid' et undecim denar' per carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem denar' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex Killiane et Lynanagh contin' un' carrucat' 
et dimid' un' carrucat' terr.' Ac de un' solid' et undecim denar' ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex Mallyvoge et Lackin-Mac Ea, contin' un' carrucat' 
et dimid' un' carrucat' terr' ; ac de un' solid' et undecim denar' ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex Downekilly contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' terr' 


Ac de unius solid' et undecim denar' annuatim exeun' ex Ballyvoige 
contin' un' carrucat' et dirnid' ten* ; ac de un' solid' et imdeciin denar' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex lez du' Raleighs contin' un' carrucat' et 
dimid' un' carrucat' terr' ; ac de un' solid' ster' annuatim exeun' ex 
qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez duodecirn carrucat' terr de' Scull. Et 
ulterius jur' pred' die' quod predict' Daniel Mac Carthy Reogh seisit' 
fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' decim' libr' decim' solid' et undecim 
denar' ster* exeun' ex cantred' de Collybegg, viz. Slught-Fahy contin' 
septem carrucat' terr' viz. de quindechn solid' ster' annuatim exeun' 
ex Eynane contin' un' carrucat' terr', ac etiam de septem solid' et 
sex denar' annuatim exeun' ex Torcke contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. 
Ac de septem solid* et sex denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Poul- 
nycally contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de quindecim solid' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex Rynenysynnagh et Curry begg contin' un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de quindecim solid' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrucat' terr' de Innyshyduskots. Ac de 

quindecim solid' Stironekineali contin' un' carrucat' 

terr'. Ac de duodecim solid' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Nowcnock- 
bane contin' un' carrucat terr'. Ac de sex solid' ster' annuatim ex 
ex ... carrucat' terr'. Ac ex Slaghtgort. contin' tresdecim 
carrucat' et tres gneeves terr', viz. de et in xi. 8 ster* annuatim exeun' 
ex Farrenustra et Connymurr contin' un' carruc,' et de sex solid' et sex 
denar' annuatim exeun' ex Killnymanavane contin' un' carrucat' terr'. 
Ac de sex solid' et sex denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Kintareloghly 

Ac de septem solid' et quatuor denar' ster' annuatim 

exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' de lez tnb' carrucat' terr' de Knockycullen, 

ac de quatuor solid' et sex denar' Ohinlagh contin' 

dimid' un' carrucat' terr 1 . Ac de tribus solid' et sex denar' ster' an- 
nuatim exeun' ex Rakryne contin' dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de 

novem solid' ex Gurtynernoe et Lettirskanullane 

contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de septem solid' ster' annuatim exeun' 
ex Rynemorogh contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de quatuor solid' ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex Moncnocnycloghe contin' dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. 
Ac de novem solid' et trib' denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex lez duob' 
Moantryes contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de septem solid' annuatim 
exeun' ex Carrowmanagh contin' novem gneeves terr'. Ac de duobus 


solid' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Lessyneyghtragh contin' tres gneeves 

terr'. Ac de et sex denar' ster' annuatim exeun' 

ex tribus gneeves terr' de Innyskaine. Et ulterius jur' predic' dicunt 
quod predictus Daniel Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de 
quinque libr' sex solid' et dua' tert' part' unius drachme ster' 
exeun' ex cantred' de Clanecahill, viz. de quinque solid* duobus 

denar' et un' quadran' pore' anglice, " a poundage 

hogg," ex quolibet grege pore' anglice " herd of swyne/' ita quod 
precellit numerum quinque pore', tune pro quolibet porco un' terc' 
part' unius drachme annuatim exeun' ex qualibet camicat' terr' 
trium carrucat' terr' de Castledonnyvane. Ac de quinque solid' duobus 
denar' et un' quadr' et un' custum pore' anglice, [a poundage hogg,] 
pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', et si non precellit 
numerum quinque porcor" tune pro quolibet porco un' terc' part' unius 

drachme annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat terr' 

Carrowkeale. Ac etiam de quinque solid', duobus denar', et un' qr. 
ster', annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' trium carrucat' terr' 

de Dromneosta, Knockane, et Garrane "a poundage 

hogg," ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque 
pore', aliter un' terc r part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco. Ac de 
quinque solid' duobus denar' et . . . . et un' custum pore' ex 
quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter 
un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco. Ac de quinque 

solid' duobus denar' et et un' custum pore' ex quolibet 

grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' 
part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex .... 
carrucat' terr', trium carrucat' terr' de Shronenycarton, Dirrygrea et 
Lahirtyshane. Ac de septem solid' et quatuor' denar' ster' annuatim 
exeun' ex C urraghylicky contin' tres carrucat' terr', ac de du' solid' 
quinque denar' et un' quadran' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Twa Mac Derrnody. Ac 
de quinque solid' et un' denar' .... ex Dromnalieagh cont' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de duobus solid" et tribus denar' ster' annuatim 
exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carrucat terr' de Ryne et 

Mantey et in septemdecim solid' et imdecim denar' 

ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit 


numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part* unius, drachiiie . 
annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' duar' carrucat' terr' de 
Gortbracke Bally-Mac Adame et Ballycahane. Ac de novem 
solid' et novem denar' ster. (un' quadran' inde except') et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 

annuatim exeun' et Byallnygearigh contin' un' carruc' 

terr'. Ac de novem solid* et novem denar' ster* (un' quadran' ster' 
inde except') annuatim exeun' ex lez dimid' carrucat' terr' .... 
dimid' carrucat' terr' de Drissanyne. Ac de undecim solid* et octo 
denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Killcaugell contin' du' carrucat' terr'. 

Ac de Sleughtrandell contin' viz. de tresdecim 

et undecim ster. et un' custum' pore* ex quolibet grege porcor' ita 
quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 

drachme quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex 

qualibet carrucat' terr' de les tribus carrucat' terr' de Drissane Ac 
de novem solid' et octo deuar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet . 

tribus carrucat' et dimid' terr' de Gortnyscryny. Ac 

de Clanne-Enesles contin' sex carrucat' et dimid' unius carr' terr' 

viz. de et in decem solid' et novem denar' ster. et un' 

ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' 
aliter un' terc' parte unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim 

exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez 

Ac etiam de quindecirn solid' duobus denar' et un' ob' ster' annuatim 
exeun' ex le Mayny contin' un' carruc' terr' unacum un' custum pore' 
annuatim ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque 
porcor' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco. Ac de 
tresdecem solid' et duobus denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet 

precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' 

part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrueat' terr' de Killskonhonoughty et Dirry. 

de annual' reddit quindecim solid' ster' et un 

custum pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' 

terc' part' unius drachme porco exeun' ex Dirry - 

clohagh-Ightragh contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' 
quatuor solid' et quatuor clenar' ster' et un* custum pore' ex quolibet 


grege numerum quinque pore* aliter un' tertia' part' 

unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Ballynygornigh contin* 

dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' no vein solid' et . . 

. . ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez septem carruc' 

terr' de Clainekenely. Ac de annual' reddit' duor* solid' quatuor denar' 

et unius terc' partis drachme ster' ex qualibet 

carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Aghygardy. Ac de 
annual' reddit' duor' solid' et un' tertie partis unius drachme exeun' 

ex qualibet carrucat' carruc' terr' de Carrigulihy. 

Ac de annual' reddit' decem solid' octo denar' et unius quadran' ster' 
exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de . . . 
. . . . Ac de quodam annual' reddit' exeun' ex Slught-Ea contin' 
sex carruc' viz. de annual' reddit' novern solid' et undecim denar' ster' 

exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez duab' carrucat' 

Ballencally. Ac de annual' reddit' quindecim solid' et duor' denar' 
ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez duabus carrucat' terr' de 

Cahirgall et Ardra. Ac de annual' reddit' quatuor 

denar' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod pre- 
cellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro 

quolibet pore' exeun' carrucat' terr' de lez 

duabus carrucat' terr' de Ballynytony, Cuoscronyne, Myadill, et Favigh- 
iloghy. Et ulterius jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty 
Reogh seisit' fnit de feodo de annual' reddit' vigint' un' libr' un' solid' 
novern denar' et un' quadran' exeun' ex cantred' de Clanloghlen. Ac 
de annual' reddit' quindecim solid' et quatuor denar' ster' .... 
(anglic' a smulkin ster' inde except') et un' custum pore' ex quolibet 
grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' 

part' unius drachme pro quolibet ex qualibet carruc' 

terr' de lez quatuor carrucat' terr' de Cappynobohy, Keamemore, Ban- 
fune, et Ballenloghy. Ac de annual' reddit' decem solid' decem denar' 

et un' quadr' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita 

quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qnalibet carrucat' terr' de lez 
terr' de Slught-Ivrine. [Sljcc Jri?A]jt] Ac de annual' 
reddit' quindecim solid' unius denar' et un' ob' ster. et un' custum pore' 
ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter 


drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet 

carrucat' ten* de lez du' carruc' terr' de Cullane. Ac de annual' reddit' 
duar' solid' et duar' tert' part" unius drachme exeun' ex Cullane - 
killy contin' dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' septem denar' et un' ob' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet 
grege ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' 
unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Ballynygorenagh contin* 
dimid' un' carrucat'. Ac de annual' reddit' . . solid' et quinque 
denar' et dimid' unius quadran' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet 
grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terr' 
part' unius . . . pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Criggantra contin' 
dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit decem solid' decem 
denar' et un' quadran' et un' custum' pore' et quolibet grege pore' 
ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' de lez du* 

carrucat' terr' de de annual' reddit' decem solid" decem 

denar' et un' quadran' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' 
ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez 
septem carruc' terr' de Twomealye. Ac de annual' reddit' decem 
solid' decern denar' et un' quadran' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quo- 
libet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' 
terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' 
terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de . . . Ac de quinque solid' 
quinque denar' et dimid' unius quadr' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet 
grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' 
part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Killincally contin' 
dimid' un' carruc' terr'. Ac de quinque solid' quinque denar' et dimid' 
unius quadran' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita 
quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Killbegg contin' dimid' unius 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual* reddit' decem solid' decem denar' et 
un' quadran' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod 
precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme 
pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrucat' 
trrr' de Dromuullihv. Ac de annual' reddit' clecem solid' decem 

el un'quadr* exeuri' ex qualibet carrucat' ten' de lez quarter' de Aghy- 
tubrid. Ac de annual' reddit' decem solid' decem deuar' et tin' quadr' 
exeun' ex Maulemoryne et Carrigglosky contin' tin' carrucat' terr'. 
Et ulterius jur' pred' dicunt quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty seisit' fuit de 
feod' de libr' decem solid' ster' exeun' ex cantred' de Glane-lcryme. 
Et ulterius jur' pred' die* quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty Reogh seisit* 
fuit de feodo de octo libr' sex solid' et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex 
cantred' de Glann-Ivoollen expectan' post mortem Honore Carty 
avuncule sue viz. ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez quinque carrucat' 
. . . . revercione annual' reddit' vigint' solid' ster' exeunt' ex 
Letter contin' un' carrucat terr'. Ac de reversione annual' reddit' viginti 
solid' ster' exeun' ex Cahirr-Iconway contin' un carrucat' terr'. Ac de 
reversione annual' reddit' viginti solid' ster' exeun' ex Rossmore contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de reversione annual' reddit' viginti solid' exeun' 
ex Currny Comnerty . . . . de reversione annual' reddit' vigint' 
solid' ster' exeun' ex West Lissybriny contin' un' carruc' terr' unacum 

un' custtnn pore' ex quolibet grege precellit numerum 

quinqrce pore aliter un' terc part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim exeun' ex pred' quinque carrucat' terr' ultim' recital'. Ac de 
reversione cujusdam annual' reddit' exeun' ex alter' quinque carruc' terr' 
de Glane-Ivoolen pred' viz. de reversione annual' reddit' tresdecem solid', 
et quatuor denar' ster' exeun', ex Cnocken contin' tin' carrucat' terr' 

Ac etiain annual' reddit' tresdecem solid' et quatuor 

denar' ster' exeun' ex Killmyne contin' un v carruc' terr'. Ac de rever- 
sione annual' reddit' tresdecem solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex 

Lis Ac de annual* reversione reddit' tresdecem solid' et 

quatuor denar* ster' exeun' ex East Lissybrenny contin' un' carruc' 
terr'. Ac de reversione annual' reddit' ster' tresdecem solid' .... 
exeun' ex Cnockduffe contin' nn' carruc' terr'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' 
die' quod pred' Daniell Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' 
reddit' triu' libr' et novem solid' ster' exeun' ex lez tribus carrucat' terr' 
de Twovintirrydorcke. Et ulterius pred' jur' die* quod pred' Daniel Mac 
Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feod' de quodam annual' reddit' exeun' ex 
vill' et terr' sequen' vizt. de annual' reddit' vigint' duor' solid' etduor' de- 
nar' terc' part' unius drachme exeun' ex Ballyclohy, contin' un' carrucat' 
terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex solid' et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex 


Cahirbeg contin' un' carruc' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' vigint' sex 
solid' et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex Killmurrow contin' du' carruc' terr'. 
Ac de annual' reddit' tresdecem solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex 
Arden contin' tres carruc' terr'. Ac de et in annual' reddit' quatuor 
solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex Clonecallybeg contin' dimid' unius 
carrucat terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex solid' et octo denar' ster', 
exeun' ex Currycrolly contin' un' carruc' et dimid' unius carruc' terr'. 
Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod' pred' Daniel Mac Carty Reogh, seisit' 
fuit de annual' reddit' vigint' du' solid' duor' denar' et du' quadrar' ster' 
exeun' ex Slughtowen contin' sex carrucat' terr'. Et ulterius Jur' 
pred' die* quod' pred' Daniel Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de 
annual' reddit' quindecem solid' et septem denar' ster' exeun' ex vill' 
et terr' sequen' vizt. de annual' reddit' du' solid' un' denar' et du' 
quadran' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' 
terr' de Killgarruffe. Ac de annual' reddit' un' solid' du' denar' et 
du' quadran' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez duabus carrucat' 
terr' de le Yoaghilly. Ac de annual' reddit' un' solid' du' denar' et 
du' quadran' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez die' carrucat' terr' 
de Billiragh. Ac de annual' reddit' un' solid' du' denar' et du' quad' 
exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de Glossy fry et Bally nlangy contin' 
un' carrucat' et dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' un' 
solid' du' denar' et un' quadran' exeun' ex qualibet terr' de Rath- 
drought et Killynitty. Ac de annual' reddit' decern denar' et unius 
ob' ster' exeun' ex Ballenvullane contin' novem gneeves terr'. Et 
ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel MacCarty Reogh seisit' fuit de 
feodo de annual' reddit' viginti septem libr' duodecim solid' ster' ex- 
eun' ex toto cantred* de Collymore, vizt. de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez 
tribus carrucat' terr' de Ryndacossane. Ac de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez 
tribus carrucat' terr' de Drissanemore et etiam de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez 
tribus carrucat' terr' de Munagh et Gortard. Ac de annual' reddit' 
quinque solid' sex denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de 
lez du' carrucat' terr' de Shanacourte. Ac de annual' reddit' du' solid' 
novem denar' et un' quadr' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de 


lez tribus canucat' ten' de Cregh. Ac de annual' reddit' undecim solid' 
ster' exeun' ex Lackaghane contin' un' carrucat terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' undecim solid' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez du' 
carrucat' ten 1 ' de Ardagh. Ac de annual' reddit' septem solid' et quatuor 
denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' de 
Ballinard. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' ster* exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrucat' terr' de Glanevickfoen. Ac de annual' 
reddit' du' solid' noveni denar' et un' quad' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' 
terr' [de] lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Bally macerewane. Ac de annual' 
reddit' septem solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' 
terr' de Rathmore. Ac de annual' reddit' decem solid* et octo denar' ster' 
exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Ballylen- 
shaghane. Ac de annual' reddit' octo solid' ster' [ex] lez tribus carrucat' 
terr' de Downeshead alias Baltymore. Ac de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrucat' terr' de 
Downegall. Ac de annual' reddit' novem' decem solid' et octo denar' ster' 
de lez du' carrucat' terr' de Rynegcroggie. Ac de annual' reddit' septem 
solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' Farren- 
couse contin' un' carrucat' et dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' septem solid' et quatuor denar* ster* exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Lacklea. Ac de annual' 
reddit' septem solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' 
terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Sleavemore. Ac de annual' reddit' 
undecim solid' ster' exeun' ex Killwoony contin' un' carrucat' terr'. 
Ac de annual' reddit' triuin solid' ster' exeun' ex Rynedrollane contin' 
dimid' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de septem decim solid' et sex denar' 
ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de Insula de Cleere pred'. Et 
ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod' pred' Daniel MacCarty alias MacCarty 
Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' septem libr' un' solid' 
un' denar' et un' quadran* ster' exeun' ex omnibus terr' de cantred' 
de Clanteige-Eillen, vizt. de annual' reddit' sex decem solid' et trium 
denar' ster' exeun' ex Curry- MacTeige contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de 
annual' reddit' sex decem solid* et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex 
Lyssynoohigg contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual* reddit' sex 
decem solid' et triuin denar' ster. exeun' ex Skeagh et Durrindangen 
contin' un' carrucat' ten-'. Ac de annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et 


trium' denar' ster' exeun' ex Cloglibwoly contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac 
etiain de annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' 
ex Cowreneiller contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex 
decem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex Corrawne contin' un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex decem solid' et trium denar' 
ster' exeun' ex Gortnemocklagh et Dromeinagh contin' un' carrucat' 
terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex decem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' 
ex Drommegg contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sex 
decem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex Kilnegosbagli et Lassanaree 
contin' un' carrucat'. Ac de annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium 
denar' ster' exeun' ex Kilnecloshie contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de 
annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex La- 
hirtidally et Maulybrock contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex Dromrahi- 
murelly et Tworinesillane contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium denar' ster 7 exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez du' carrucat' terr' de Curronea. Ac de annual' 
reddit' sex decem solid' et trium denar' ster. exeun' ex Glanegyle 
contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et 
trium denar' ster' exeun' ex Farrenmacgullymichill contin' un' car- 
meat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sexdecem solid' et trium denar' 
ster' exeun' ex Blwod contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' 
sex decem solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex Reagh contin' un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit'sex decem solid' et trium denar' 
ster' exeun' ex Banenecollapel et Byalleknowrane contin' un' car- 
rucat terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' sexdecem' solid' et trium denar' ster' 
exeun' ex Lurgo et Coolnegarrane contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac 
de un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit 
numerum quinque pore' et si non precellit numerum quinque pore' 
tune un' terc' pt' unius drachme ster' pro quolibet porco annuatim 
exeun' ex septem decem carrucat' terr' de pred' cantred' Clanteige 
Eillen. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty 
alias MacCarty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' quatuor 
libr' novem decem solid' et un' terc' pt' unius drachme ster' exeun' 
ex cantred' de Clanteige Roe [CUrro ^^85 FUAJ& T;A S5Ai|tce] 
vizt. de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar 1 ster' exeun' ox 


qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Skarte. Ac de 
annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' exeim' ex qualibet car- 
rucat' terr' delez tribus carrucat' terr' de Collomane unacum un' custum' 
pore' annuatim exeun' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod' precellit 
numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme ster' pro 
quolibet porco. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster. 
et un' custum pore' ex qualibet grege pore' ita quod' precellit numerum 
quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius' drachme pro quolibet porco 
exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Dromore. 
Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Letterlicky. Ac etiam 
de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez sex carrucat' terr' de Caharagh. Et ulterius die' 
quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de 
feodo de annual' reddit' septem libr' octo solid' et octo denar' ster exeun' 
ex cantred' de Slugtheige O'Mahowney, vizt. de quinque solid' et sex de- 
nar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus car- 
rucat' terr' de Cullagh. Ac etiam de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et 
sex denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' 
terr* de Dromereogh et Dromeleary. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' 
et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex Shanavoghtowrie contin' un' carrucat' 
terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' 
exeun' ex Baneshanacloghie contin' un carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster. exeun' ex Ardworye contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' 
ster' exeunt' ex Cowervickgullykeagh contin' un' carr' terr'. Ac de 
annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Glannesillagh et Killcow- 
sane. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' 
ex qualibet carrucat terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Corrycollaght 
et Faghane. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster 
exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Gort- 
eenekilly. Ac de annual' reddit' quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' 
exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Kip- 


paghmore. Ac de quinque solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex Skar- 
tinecullen contin' un' carruc' terr'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod 
pred* Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de 
feodo de annual' reddit' viginti quatuor' libr' undecim solid' un' denar' 
et un' quadr' ster' exeun' ex cantred' de Clanedermody vizt. de annual' 
reddit' octo solid' et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' 
de lez du' carrucat' terr' de Killcogh. Ac de annual' reddit' octo solid' 
et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex Glannekillinagh contin' un' carruc' terr'. 
Ac de annual' reddit' quatuor solid' et quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex 
Maghrahine contin' dimid' unius carrucat' terr', Ac de annual' reddit' 
octo solid' et octo denar' exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus 
carrucat' terr' de Lissy clary. Ac de annual' reddit' quatuor solid' et 
quatuor denar' ster' exeun' ex Maghrahane contin' diniid' unius carru- 
cat' terr'. Ac de annual' reddit' undecim solid' et quatuor denar' ster' 
et un' custum' pore', ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet carrucat' 
terr' de lez sex carrucat' terr' de Ballyowrane, Drome-Cwoarchie, et 
Clownecogher. Ac de annual' reddit' octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et 
un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore', aliter' un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carrucat' terr' de Lissane. 
Ac de annual' reddit' octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' 
ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qua- 
libet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carruc' terr' de Lissylogherrie. Ac de 
annual' reddit' octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un ! custum' pore' ex 
quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter 
un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex qualibet 
carrucat' terr' de lez duabus carrucat' terr' de Cullenagh. Ac de octo 
solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet greg' pore', 
ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Skrillane contin' un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' 
ex Clonkeene contin' un carrucat' terr'. Ac de quatuor solid' et qua- 


tuor denar' ster' et un custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod 
precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part* unius drachme 
pro quolibet porco annuatim exeuri' ex Glanetane contin' dimid' un' 
carrucat' terr\ Ac de quatuor solid' et quatuor denar' ster' et un' cus- 
tom pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinq' 
pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim 
exeun' ex Mawletrihane contin' diinid' unius carrucat' terr'. Ac de 
octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege 
pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' 
unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Addergolle con- 
tin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annu- 
atim exeun' ex Lettirrteubill contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de 

octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum pore* ex quolibet grege 
pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part 
unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Smoorane contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de octo solid' et octo denar' ster' et uri' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore* 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun', 
ex Dirryliegh contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de quindecim solid' et un' 
denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod pre- 
cellit numerum quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro 
quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribus 
carrucat' terr' de Aghill. Ac de undecim solid' et quatuor denar' ster' 
et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez sex carruc' terr' de 
Barraghavilly. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac 
Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' 
novem libr' quatuor solid' et quatuor denar' ster' ex cantred' de Kill- 
tallwoye, vizt. de novein solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' 
ex Shanlaragh et Gortroe contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de annual' 
reddit' novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex 


quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellitmimenim quinqueporc' aliter un' 
terc' part* unias drachme pro quolibet porco exeun' ex Altaghreogh 
contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' 
et un' custurn' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numeruni 
quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatiin exeun' ex Glanevelehequeyne contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac 
de quatuor solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quo- 
libet grege pore', ita quod precellit nuinerum quinque pore', aliter un' 
terc' part' unius drachme, anglice a Bungall, pro quolibet porco annua- 
tim exeun' ex Beghigullane contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem 
solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege 
pore', ita quod precellit nuinerum quinque pore', aliter terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco annuatiin exeun' ex Aghekeery contin un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un ? cus- 
tum pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numeruni quinque 
pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatini 
exeun' ex Curry drinagh contin' un' carrucat' terr.'. Ac de novem 
solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege 
pore', ita quod precellit nuinerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' 
unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatiin exeun' ex Mallow contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit nuinerum 
quinque porcor', aliter un' ter' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatiin exeun' ex Sannagh contin' un' carrucat' ten-'. Ac de novem 
solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore', ita quod precellit 
nuuieruin quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quo- 
libet porco annuatiin exeun' ex Knockduffe et Dromercke contin' un' 
carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' cus- 
tum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numeruni quinque 
pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim 
exeun' ex Knockeaghaduffe contin' un' carrucat' terr." Ac de quinque 
solid' ster' un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit 
nuinerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc part' unius drachme pro quo- 
libet porco annuatim exeun' ex Rossynny contin' un' carrucat' terr'. 
Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex 
quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit nuinerum quinque pore', alitcv 


un' terc' part' unius drachme pro qtiolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex 
qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez tribns carruc' terr' de Thome-Baltinbreake 
et Bealiagh. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum quirique pore' 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' 
ex Thyneagh contin' tres carrucat' terr'. Ac de duodecim solid' et 
quatuor denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita 
quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius 
drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Cahir-Icrowly contin' 
un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco, annu- 
atim exeun' ex Cannagh contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' 
et undecim solid' ster' et un' custum' pore* pro quolibet grege, ita quod 
precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' par' unius drachme 
pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Kinmeaghbegg contin' un' car- 
meat' terr'. Ac de novem solid' et undecim denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' 
ex Dromticloghy contin' un' carrucat' terr'. Ac de quinque solid' ster' 
un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim exeun' ex Liscronyne contin' dimid' unius carrucat' terr'. 
Ae etiam de et in septem decem mensur' aven' et aratione du' acr' ad 
vel ante ultim' diem Martii annuatim exeun' ex separal' terr' in cantred' 
de Killtallwoye pred'. Et ul terms Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel 
Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' 
trium libr' quinque solid' et un' quadr' ster' exeun' ex cantred' de 
Slught Cormacknykelly vizt. de quatuor solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annu- 
atim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de lez du' carruc' terr' de Dar- 
ragrae. Ac etiam de quatuor solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum' 
pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', 
aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' 
ex Ardkilline contin' un' carruc' terr'. Ac de septem solid' ster' et un' 


custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annu- 
atim exeun' de Clonayregge contin' un' carruc' et dhnid' un' carruc' 
terr'. Ac de septem solid' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege 
pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' 
unius drachme pro quolibet porco animatim exeun' ex Agbilenane contin' 
un' carruc' et dimid' un' carruc' terr'. Ac de quatuor solid' et octo denar' 
ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet [grege] pore' animatim exeun' 
ita quod precellit numerum quinque aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme 
pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Ballaghymure et Farrensley- 
noigg contin' un' carruc' terr' ; ac etiam de quatuor solid' et octo denar' 
ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit 
numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quo- 
libet porco annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrueat' terr' de lez du' 
carruc' terr' de Addryvall. Ac de quatuor solid' et octo denar' ster' et 
un' custum' pore' pro quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrueat' terr' de lez du' carruc' terr' de 
Liscurrane Ballywillene-oughter. Ac de quatuor solid' et octo denar' 
ster' et un custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit nu- 
merum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet 
porco annuatim exeun' ex Bally willon-eightragh contin' un' carr' terr* 
ac etiam de quatuor solid' et octo denar' ster' et un' custum' pore', ex 
quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore' aliter 
un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex 
Cappine contin' un' carr' terr/ Ac de quatuor mensur' et dimid' unius 
mensur' aven' et aratione un' acr' terr' mensur' Stibnie ad vel ante 
ultiin' die' Martii annuatim exeun' de separal' terr' pred' cantred' de 
Slught-Cormackny- Kelly pred. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pre- 
dic' Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seitsit* fuit de feod' de 
annual' reddit' quatuor libr' novem solid' et sex denar' ster' exeun' ex 
cantred' de Slught Corky vizt. de vigint* duor' solid' et quinque denar' 
ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit nu- 
merum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius [drachme] pro quolibet 
porco annuatim exeun' ex Ardkeaghan contin' un' carruc' et dimid' unius 
carruc' terr', ac de vigint' du' solid' et quinque denar' ster' et un' cus- 


turn' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numcrum quinque 
pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet pore' aimuatim 
exeun' ex Killcaskane et Bodderymyne contin' un' carruc' et dimid' 
unius carruc' terr' ; ac de quadraginta et quatuor solid' et decem denar' 
ster : et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit 
numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' un' drachme pro quolibet 
pore' annuatim exeun' ex lez tribus carruc' terr' de Eaddencurry et 
Insifnen. Ac de octo mensur' et dimid' unius mensur' aven' et aratione 
un' acr' terr' mensur' Stibnie ad vel ante ultim' die' Martii, annuatim 
exeun' ex cantred' de Slught Coreky pred'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' 
super sacram' su' pred' die* quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac 
Carty Reogh seitsit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' sexdeciin libr* 
quinque solid' et octo denar' ster' exeun' ex cantred' de Clanecromyne 
vizt. de duodecim solid' et du' terc' partibus unius drachme ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco annu- 
atim exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carruc' terr' de 
Mansie. Ac de duodecim solid' et du' terc' partibus unius drachme 
et un' custum pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carr' terr' de lez tribus carrucaf terr* de 
Grillagh. Ac de duodecim solid' et du' terc' part' unius drachme ster' 
et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore' ita quod precellit numer' 
quinque pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet pore' 
annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus carruc' terr' de 
Ballyvoig'; ac de duodecim solid' et tribus denar' et un' custum' pore' 
ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter 
un' terc' part' unius drachme [pro quolibet] porco annuatim exeun' ex 
Knockycullen contin' un' carruc' terr' ac de quinque solid' ster' annua- 
tim exeun' de Knockycullen contin' dimid' un' carruc' terr.' Ac de 
decem solid' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez tribus 
carruc' terr' de Dromlegagh ; ac de decem solid' ster' annuatim exeun' 
ex Killmeallcrane contin' un' carruc' terr' ; ac de quinque solid* ster' 
annuatim exeun' ex Sullagh contin' dimid' unius carruc' terr' ac etiam 
de annual' reddit' duodecim solid' quatuor denar' et un' ob' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 


que pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco et 
aratione un' acr' terr' mensur' Stibie ad vel ante ultim' diem Martii 
exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de lez quatuor carruc' terr' de Kildy. 
Ac de vigint' solid' du' denar' et un' quadr' ster' et un' custum' pore' 
ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter 
un' terc' part unius drachme pro quolibet porco, et aratione trium par- 
tium in quatuor part' dividend' un' acr' terr' mensur' Stibnie ad vel ante 
ultim' diem Martii aimuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrncat' terr' de lez 
tribus carr' terr' de Carrowalder, ac de duodecim solid' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum quin- 
que pore', aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco et 
aratione un' stang' et dimid' un' stang' ten-' ad vel ante ultim' diem 
Martii annuatirn exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de Knocke contin' 
un' carruc j et dirnid' un' carruc' terr' ; ac de duodecim solid' ster' et un' 
custum' pore', ita quod precellit numerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' 
part' unius dracbme pro quolibet porco et aratione et unius stang' et 
dimid' un' stang' terr' ante ultim' diem Martii annuatim exeun' ex 
qualibet carruc' terr ! de Ballynard contin' un' carruc' et dimid' unius 
carruc' terr' ; ac de sexdecim solid' et du' denar' ster' annuatim exeun' 
ex Dromgarruffe contin' un' carruc' et dimid' terr'. Ac de quatuor- 
decim solid' et octo denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Carrigfunevoy et 
Maddany contin' un' carr' et dimid' terr'. Ac de octo solid' et un' 
denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Beallynorougber contin' un' carruc' 
terr' ; ac de octo solid' et un' denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Kilcoursie 
contin' un' carruc' terr'. Et ulterius JW pred' die' quod pred' Daniel 
Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh, seisit' fuit de feodo de annual' reddit' 
septem libr' trium solid' et trium denar' ster' exeun' ex cantred' de 
Claneshane vizt. de vigint' sex solid' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quo- 
libet grege pore' ita quod precellit numermn quinque pore' aliter un' 
terc' part' unius dracbme pro quolibet porco annuatim exeun' ex Maule- 
brack contin' un' carruc' terr' ac de trigint' solid' et novem denar' ster' 
et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum 
quinque pore' aliter un' terc' part' unius drachme pro quolibet porco 
annuatim ex Kilrushigarvy Bollynagh et Knockoole contin' un' carruc' 
dimid' unius carruc' terr'. Ac de vigint' solid' sex denar' ster' et un' 
custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod precellit numerum 


quinque pore', aliter un' terc'part' unius drachine pro quolibet porco ex 
qualibet carruc' terr' de lez du' carruc' ten' de Agheyoughelly, Garr- 
anleighan, Knocknenosse, et Kiltubredolly. Ac de vigint' solid' et sex 
denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet grege pore', ita quod pre- 
cellit numerum quinque pore' aliter' un' terc' part' unius pro quolibet 
pore' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carrucat' terr' de Carrigruoe, Durry- 
hynane, et Knoclmestocky contin' un' carruc' et dimid' unius carr' terr'. 
Ac de vigint' solid' et sex denar' ster' et un' custum' pore' ex quolibet 
grege pore', ita quod precellit immerum quinque pore', aliter un' terc' 
part' unius drachme pro quolibet pore' annuatim exeun' ex Briagh- 
nyagh contin' un' carruc' terr'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' 
Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seitsit' fuit de feodo de 
quatuor annual* reddit' exeun' ex cantred' de Slught-Donogh vizt. de 
octo solid* ster' annnatim exeun' ex Ballinuroingge contin' un' carruc' 
ten % '. Ac de octo solid' ster* annuatim exeun' ex Corrowrane contin' 
un' carruc' terr'. Ac de octo solid' ster' annuatim exeun' ex Bally- 
gonossie et Glaneverane. Ac de quatuor solid' annuatim exeun' ex 
Sleavine contin' dimid' unius carruc' terr'. Et Jur' pred' die' quod 
pred' Daniel Mac Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seitsit' fuit de feodo 
de annual' reddit' quinquagint' et septem solid' et novem denar' ster' 
exeun' ex terr' de Tuoghmontyne, vizt. de octo solid' et undecim denar' 
ster' annuatim exeun' ex Mountyne et Killmolody contin' un' carruc' 
terr' ; ac de octo solid' et undecim denar' ster', annuatim exeun' ex 
Reangaragine contin' un' carruc' terr' ac de quatuor solid' quinque 
denar' et un' ob' ster' annuatim exeun' ex occidental' dimid' carruc' 
terr' de Skeoff. Ac de quatuor solid' quinque denar' et un' ob' ster 
annuatim exeun' ex Gloggaglireogli contiu' dimid' unius carruc' terr'. 
Ac de octo solid' et undecim denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet 
carruc' terr' de lez du' carruc' terr' de Aghilosky. Ac de octo solid' 
et undecim denar' ster' annuatim exeun' ex qualibet carruc' terr' de 
Maulrawer, Farrenemrenagh et Slogidder, contin' un' carruc' et dimid' 
unius carr' terr'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac 
Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh seitsit' existens de omnibus premiss' 
pred' ut predict' obiit sic inde seitsit' primo die Augusti anno domini 
1636. Et quod Cormuck Mac Carty est ejus fil' et heres et quod fuit 
etat' sexdecim annorum tempore mort' patris' sui pred' et maritat'. 


Et ul terms Jur' pred' die' quod ornnia premiss* pred' tenent' de dicto 
domino rege mine Carolo in capite per servic' mil'. Et ulterius Jur' 
pred' die* quod pred' Daniel Mae Carty alias Mac Carty Reogh obiit 
seitsit' de null' al' reddit' exeun' ex teir' pred' preterquam reddit' pre- 
mentionat' et quod reddit' pred' solubil' sunt ad dua festa in anno viz. &c. 
Et quod pred' Ellena Roche alias Carty et Ellinora Carty in plen' vit' 
exist'. Et ulterius Jur' pred* die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty in 
vita sua per indentur' suam dat' primo die Februar' anno domini 1629 
divisit Willmo' Mac Carty' execut' &c. suis vill' et terr' de. Knocknock- 
iffiny et Tralong contin' du' carruc' terr' pro term' viginti et unius 
annor' sub annual' reddit' vigint' et quatuor libr' ster' prout per in- 
dentur' plen' apparet. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel 
Mac Carty unacuin Teige Mac Cormuck Carty de Castlemore in dicto 
com' gen', David Nagle de Monianguny gen', Cahir O'Callaghane of 
Dromynyne gen', et Johanne Roch de Ballidwill gen', per fact' eorum 
dat' vicesimo die Octobr' anno domini 1624, feoffaver' Teige Oge 
Crowley de Skeaffe in' dicto com' gen' hered' &c. suos de vill' et terr' 
de Ballycattyn et Skeaffe contin' un' carruc' et dimid' unius camic* 
terr' in morgag' sub conditione redemptions prout' per pred' fact plen' 
apparet. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty, 
Teige Mac Cormuck Carty, David Nagle, Cahir O'Callaghan et 
Johannes Roche per indentur' dat' octavo die Octobr' anno domini 
1624 dimiser' premiss' pred' de Ballycattyne et Skeaffe cuid' Florenc' 
Mac Teige Crowley nuper de Skeaffe execut', &c. suis pro termino 
trigint' et unius annor'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel 
Mac Carty per indentur' suam dat' decimo octavo die Februar' 1629 
dimis' cuid' Fynine Mac Daniell Mac Owen Mac Carty nuper de 
Drishane in dicto com' gen', execut' &c. suis lez tres gneeves de Killy- 

dery, un' gneeve terr' de Gurt du' gneeves de 

Blooyd pro termino trigint' et un' ann' sub annual' reddit' sex libr' ster'. 
Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty, Ellen* uxor 
ejus, Teige Mac Cormack Carty, Cahir O'Callaghane, David Nagle et 

Johannes Roche, per indentur' eor' dat' vicesimo 

anno domini 1624 dimiser' cuid' Teige Mac Dermod O'Conba de 
Ballyrishine in' dicto com' yeom' execut' &c. suis vill' et terr' de 
Burryn contin' un' carruc' terr' pro termino trigint' et un' annor' sub 

t<iit>e. 135 

annual' reddit' trigint' libr'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod . . . 
Mac Carty, Teige Mac Cormucke Carty, Cahir O'Callaghane, David 
Nagle et Eduardus Roche, per indentur' eor' geren' dat' decimo die 

Maii anno domini 1634 dirniser 1 le dimid' carruc' terr' 

cuid' Con Mac Cahir de Garranbegg in dicto com' gen* execut' &c. suis 
pro termino vigint' et unius annor' sub annual' reddit' octo libr'. Et 
ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty per quosdam 
articulos agreament' dat' duodecimo die Novernbr* anno domini 1634. 
dimisit oriental' carruc' terr'de Ratharrowne quibusd [am], Dermod' Mac 
Owen Hurley et Cnogher Mac Owen Hurley execut' &c. suis pro 
termino vigint' et un' ann' sub annual* reddit' duodecim libr' et deceni 
solid*. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty per 
indentur' suam dat' decimo quarto die Januar' anno domini 1626 
dimisit lez tres gneeves terr' de Ballymore et le dimid' carruc' terr' de 
Carriggynigary, Daniel Oge Hurly gen', execut' &c. suis pro termino 
vigint' et un' ann' sub annual' reddit' duodecim libr' ster'. Et ulterius 
Jur' pred' die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty, per indentur' suam dat' 
decimo tertio die Octobr' anno domini 1630, dimisit cuid' Morrogh 
Mac Shiny de Cnocknygappull execut' &c. suis le carrucat' terr' de 
Cnocknygappull pred' pro termino vigint' annor' sub annual' reddit' vi- 
ginti libr' ster'. Et ulterius die* quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty, per 
quosdam articulos agreament' dat' vicesimo secun' die Novembr' anno 
domini 1631, dimisit quibusdam Willo' Mac Ranell O'Regane et 
Connor Mac Teige O'Mahowne execut' &c. suis le carruc' terr' de 
Gortroe et Duneganon pro termino vigint' et un' ann' sub annual' 
reddit' quatuordecim libr' ster', prout per articulos pred' dat' ejusd' die 
et anno plen' apparet. Et ulterius die' quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty 
per indentur' suam dat' primo die Octobris anno domini 1630, dimisit 
cuid' Willmo Hollcoinbe de Culenypisse pred' cum un' molendin' vocat' 
Ballynadlyhy Mill, pro termino trigint' et unius annor' sub annual' 
reddit' quadragint' libr' ster'. Et ulterins Jur' pred' die' quod pred' 
Daniel Mac Carty per indentur' suam dat' quinto die Octobr' 1629 
dimisit cuid' Donnogh Oge O'Morroghou execut' &c. suis carruc' terr' 
de Knockanedyne et le dimid' carruc' terr' de Currygyllygaue pro 
termino vigint' et unius annor' sub annual' reddit' vigint' septem libr' 
ster'. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die- 1 quod pred' Daniel Mac Carty per 


indentur' suam dat' quarto die Novembr' 1629 dimis' Edvardo Rashligli 
execut' &c. suis le dimid' carrucat' terr' de Cluoncouse pro termino 
vigint' et unius annor' sub annual' reddit' duodecim libr' ster'. Et 
ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod Donell Mac Carty defunct' avus prefat' 
Daniell in vita sua fecit quoddam fact' dat' vicesimo secundo die Nov- 
ernbr' 1593 cuid' Willmo' Mac Rickard Irregane nup' de Burryn gen' 
defunct' prout' per fact' pred' dat' eisd* die et anno plen' apparet, cujus 
quid em fact' et indorsament inde tenor sequit' in hec verba : To all, 
&c. Et ulterius Jur' pred' die' quod quidam Owen Mac Carty modo 
defunct', avunculus pred' Donell avi pred' Daniel (cum al') fee' quoddam 
factum dat' ultim' die April' anno domini 1579 prefat' Willmo' Mac 
Rickard Irregane prout per fact' pred' dat' eisd' die et anno plen' ap- 
paret, cujus quid' fact' et indorsament' inde tenor sequit' in bee verba: 

Sciant presentes, &c Memorand' quod Dermott O'Calli- 

hane clamat capital' redd' de Dromgarduffe, et le dimid' quarter' ten*' 
de Cnockes et le dimid' carruc' terr' de Killvurrou esse ejus et liere- 
ditatem suam. Et quod Donogh Mac Owen Carty clamat tres gneeves 
terr* de Deny tres gneeves terr' in Farnegullnuhile et du' gneeves terr' 
de Blooyd esse jus et hereditatem suam. Et quod Cormuck Mac 

Donogh Carty clamat lez tres oriental' gneeves 

occidental' dimid' carrucat' terr' de Dromgarroffe esse jus et bereditat' 

To the Right Hon. his Majesty's Commissioners appointed for putting 
in Execution the Actt of Parliament intitled, " An Act for the better 
Execution of his Majesties Gracious Declaration for the Settlement 
of his Kingdom of Ireland, and Satisfaction of the Several Interests 
of Adventurers, Soldiers, and other his subjects there.'' 
The Claime of Donogh O'Drisscoll, alias Carragh, Sonne and heir 
of Conor O'Drisscoll, late of Donegaule in the County of Cork, Gen- 
tleman, deceased, and of Catherine Driscoll, alias Carthy, the Relict 
of the said Connor. 

The humble Petition of the said Donagh and Catherine. 
Shewing that the Claimant's Grandfather Donogh O'DriscoU, alias 
Carragh, late of Downlong, in the County of Cork, Gentleman, (l<~ 


ceased, was, on the twenty -second day of October, 1641, seised in 
his demesne as of fee Taile to him and the heires males of His Body, 
and in the actuall possession of the Castles, Townes, and Lands, and 
other the particulars in the annexed Schedule specified other than that 
certain Parcells in the said Schedule mentioned, which hath been by 
the said Donogh tke Grandfather conferred on the Claimant Katherine 
for her Joynture upon her intermarriage with the said Connor, then 
Son and heir of the said Donogh, which she was in possession of on 
the 22nd day of October, 1641, and before, and the said Donogh, the 
grandfather, being of all and singular the premisses so seized and pos- 
sessed, Died so seized or possessed In or about the year 1647, after 
and by whose death, inasmuch as the said Connor died in the lifetime 
of the said Donogh, all and Singular the premisses descended and 
came unto the Claimant or Grandson and heir unto the said Donogh, 
who thereupon entred, when together with the Claimant Catherine, 
were severally and respectively in the quiet possession thereof, until 
the Clamaint Katherine and the said Clamant Donogh, being then a 
Minor of very tender years, were thereout expulsed by the late usurped 
Powers, in or about the year 1654, or thereabouts, the Clamant 
Katherine further sayeth that shee, after the death of the said Connor, 
and by vertue of the Settlement, made unto her as aforesaid, entered 
into the Lands secured unto her for her Jointure as aforesaid, and was 
in the peaceable possession thereof until expulsed as aforesaid. 

That the Clamants and the said Donogh the Grandfather behaved 
themselves Civilly, Innocently, and Inoffensively, during the Re- 
bellion, never acting any thing against his Majesty or Peace of the 
Nation, and as a further testimony of theire loyalty and fidelity, from 
time to time observed and obeyed his Majestye' commands, as well 
those Commands and Directions held forth in the Artickles of peace 
concluded and made in the year of our Lord God ( 1 646,) and the 
Peace made in the year (1648) by the order and authority of his late 
majesty of ever blessed memory as others his Comands, and that they 
have likewise ever since behaved themselves inoffensively, nor ever sued 
for any Decree or Lands in Conoght or Clare, but always patiently 
expected the happy Restauration of his Gracious Majesty. 

The humble petition and Desire of the Clamants is therefore that 


your Honours will be pleased to grant the Claimants, as innocent Per- 
sons the Order and Decree of this Hon ble - Court, that they may thereby 
be restored to and confirmed in their Right and possessions Respect- 
ively, and according to the Directions of the said Act of Settlement, 
be restored to the meane rates thereof, so far as the same is consistent 
with the said Act, and to that end that all necessary prosses to his 
Majesty's Attorney Generall, and to all others therein concerned, be 
afforded them, and that their claime be received. 

THE SCHEDULE annexed to the Claime of Donogh O'Driscoll, 
alias Carragh, expressing as well the Names and Quantities of 
Plowlands held by them as his ancient Inheritance, as also his 
Chiefries, Royalties, and other Duties appertaining to him in his 
Estate in the County of Corke, and being tennant in taile as heir 
male of the body of Donogh O'Drisscoll the Clamant's Grandfather. 





Id. I Idem 

Id. ! Idem 

Lands and 




The Castle, town and 



The Heires or 

lands of Downing- 


Assignes of Sir 

longe, containing 

John Renalds, 

three plowlands in 

whom I know 

Heritance in the Is- 


land of Inishkirkane. 

The town and lands of 



Sleevemore, contain- 


ing three half plow- 

lands in the Island of 

Inishkirkane, inheri- 


tance morgaged from 


The town and lands 


Idem The heires or 

of Rineidrolane, con- 


assigns of Sir 

taining three half 

' John Renalds. 

ploughlands, inheri- 


tance and part of my 

mother's jointure ; it 

lyes in the above said 




Pans h. 

Lands and 






The town and land of 



The heires or 

Clidaugh containing 


assigns of Sir 

half a plowland in 

John Renalds. 

the Island of Inish- 




The towne and lands 



The heires or 

of Killmoone, con- 

assignes of Sir 

taining half a plow- 

John Renalds. 

land in the Island of 

Inishskirkane mor- 

gaged to me. 



The town and lands of 



The heires or 

Kinnigh, containing 

assignes of Sir 

half a plowland in the 

John Renalds. 

aforesaid Island mor- 

gaged to me. 



The Castle, town and 



The heires or 

lands of Downegaule, 

assignes of Sir 

containing two plow- 

John Renalds. 

lands, inheritance, & 

part of my mother's 


To the Hon ble - His Majestie's Commissioners appointed for executinge 

the Act of Settlement and the Explanatory Act of the same. 
May it please your Honors. 

Pursuant to your Honour's Instructions wee have compared 
and examined the Petition and Schedule of Coll. Cornelius O'Driscoll. 
Com. Corke. East and West Carburv. 


Ballymackaun, 337 acres. 
Baltymore, alias Dunenashead, 545 acres. 
Ballyliney, "] 


Rincormack, j> 1500 acres. 



East plowlands of Licke, 
containing in the whole 
King's Letter read in poss. Aug. 63 To Have a Cert e . 

[Reports upon the Peticon and Schedule of Coll. Cornelius O'DriscolL] 

tjfj^r Note This Record seems imperfect. However, all that remains is con- 
tained above. 

J. H. 

On 12th August, 3 It Car. II. A Grant to Colonel Richard Town- 
send, Jeremy Donovane, gent. Daniell O'Donovane, Esq. Colonel 
Cornelius O'Driscoll, Sir Edward Scott and Alexander Heyden, gent. 
for reducing of Quit Rents. 

Patent Roll. 

1st May, 16th year of Queen Elizabeth, Letters Patents the Office 
of Proctor of the Cathedral Church of Rosse. 

3rd June, 26th year of Elizabeth Pardon (general) to Fynyn 
O'Driscoll and others. ' 

Last day of August, 32d year of Queen Elizabeth Pardon (general) 
to Finnig Mac Dermott O Driscoll and others. 

There is a Surrender from the O'Driscolls to the Crown, inrolled on 
the Patent Roll, 5th James I. 2nd pars, facie. See Extract from this 
in the Printed Repertory Patent Roll, James I. given above, p. 99. 

See O'Driscoll Inquisitions Nos. 208, 209, 344, 477, Charles I. 


Two ancient vellum copies of this work are in existence, one in 
Leabhar Leacain, (the Book of " Lecan,") which was compiled from 
various other MSS. by Gilla Isa Mor Mac Firbisigh of Leacan, in the 
county of Sligo, in the year 1418. This copy begins at folio 119, b, b, 
and ends with folio 122, b, b. The other copy is preserved in Leabhar 
Bhaile an Mhuta, (the Book of " Ballymote,") which was compiled by 
various persons, but chiefly by Solamh O'Droma, from older MSS. 
about the year 1390, for Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha (Mac Donough) 
then chief of the territories of Tir Oililla, Corann, Airteach, Tir 
Thuathail, and Clann Fearmaighe, extending into the counties of Sligo, 
Roscommon, and Leitrim. This copy begins at folio 109, b, b, and 
ends at 112, b. 

There is also a copy of it which was transcribed on paper by Dubh- 
altach Mac Firbisigh in the year 1650, in the Library of Lord Roden, 
and a second paper copy made from the latter, by Mr. E. Curry, in 
the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 

Corca-Laidhe,the original country of the Dairinne, or O'Driscolls and 
their correlatives, was originally co-extensive with the diocese of Ross a , 
or Ros-ailithre of which St. Fachtna of this race, who flourished in the 
sixth century, was the first bishop. But on the encrease of the power and 
population of the Deirgthine or race of Oilill Oluin, the original territory 
of the Dairinne was much circumscribed. Long before the English In- 
vasion the Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, or O'Mahonys, wrested from them that 
portion of their territory called Fonn-Iartharach i.e. West land, otherwise 

a Co-extensive with the diocese of (Annadown) was co-extensive with 

-Ross. In several instances the ancient lar-Connacht, the seigniory of the 

Irish dioceses were co-extensive with O'Flahertys. (See O'Flaherty's Chor- 

some great tribe land. Thus, the ographical Description of lar-Con- 

bishoprick of Gill Mhic Duach (Kil- naught, p. 1,) and the bishoprick of 

macduagh) was co-extensive with the Cill-Finnabhrach(Killfenora) embraced 

territory of the Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, the country of the Corca-Modhruaidh, 

and the bishoprick of Eanach Duin in North Munster. 


Ivahagh, comprising the parishes of Kilmoe, Scoole, Kilcrohane, Durris, 
Kilmaconoge and Caheragh, in the barony of West Carbery ; and 
after the English Invasion various encroachments were made upon their 
lands by the English, and by families of the race of Oilill Olum, then 
recently driven from their original locations by the English invaders. 
The Barrys encroached on the Eastern side of their principality ; the 
O'Sullivans (Ui Suileabhain); who had been originally seated at Cnoc 
RafFonn and Cluain-meala, (Clonmel,) in the now county of Tipperary, 
were driven from thence in the year 1192, when they settled in the 
mountains of the now counties of Cork and Kerry, and finally wrested 
from the Dairinne or Corca-Laidhe, that portion of their territory now 
comprised in the baronies of Beare and Bantry. About the same 
period the Cairbre Aebhdha, or O'Donovans, O'Collins, &c. who had 
been seated in the barony of Cois Maighe, (Coshma,) and in the plain 
on the west side of the river Maigh, (Maigue,) in the now county of 
Limerick, were driven from thence by the Fitzgeralds, and they settled 
in the present county of Cork, and wrested from the Corca-Laidhe, a 
considerable portion of the northern part of their territory. This latter 
sept transferred their tribe name of Cairbre from the banks of the 
Maigh to the south of the Bandon, where it is still retained, applied 
to an extensive territory, now the four baronies of Carbery. The 
Corca-Laidhe, though circumscribed, were, however, independent of 
their new invaders, until the year 1232, when Cormac Gott, the third 
son of Mac Carthaigh Mor, acquired dominion over the entire region, 
now forming the four baronies of Carbery. This event is briefly noticed 
in the old copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, preserved in the Bodleian 
Library, as follows : 

" A.D. 1232. <t)orbt>Alt 5ob 2J)A CA^CA^ bo ^Ab^l b'a, 
&]V, bo CbojtrrjAC 2t)A CA|tcA]5, A5uj* A leA5ii8 AJ- A 
A qi)i) TtA^q bo; A5Uf A cebojjt I?A 8|A]8 y]\) bo 

y\ T)OC ]to 


"A.D. 1232. Domlmall God b Mac Carthaigh was taken prisoner 
by his own brother Cormac Mac Carthaigh, but he was set at liberty 
by him at the end of a quarter; and immediately after this Domhnall 
went at the instance of Maghnus O'Cobhlhaigh and the daughter of 
O'Muircheartaigh (O'Moriarty) to commit an unneighbourly act 
against Muircheartach O'Mathghamhna, (O'Mahony,) a thing which 
he did, for he slew the three sons of O'Mathghamhna, and plundered 
himself; and, in consequence of this, Domhnall Cairbreach and his 
race remained in the south from that forth." 

The surrounding tribes still continued to encroach upon the Corca- 
Laidhe, until at length they narrowed their territory to the limits of the 
following parishes, which, according to the Regal Visitation Book of 
1615, constitute the rural deanery of Colleymore and Colleybeg, viz. : 
" Myross, Glanbarahane, (now Castlehaven,) Tullagh, Creagh, Kilcoe, 
Aghadowneand Cleere. In this territory they built the castles of Gleann, 
Bearchain, or Castlehaven, Lough-Hyne, Ardagh, Baltimore, Dun-na- 
n-gall, Dun-an-oir in Cape Clear Island, Rincoliskey, and a Castle and 
Abbey on Sheikinc Island. In 1636, the entire of O'Driscoll's country, 

b Domhnall God. This event is en- "Donall Got-Ogue.Mac-CarthyMor, 

tered in the Dublin interpolated copy 3e fils de Donall-M6r-na-Currad Mac 

of the Annals of Innisfallen as follows: Carthy, souverain de Desmond, eut 

"A.D. 1233. t>ori;T)All 3o& CA||t- en apanage la princepaute de Carbery. 

b|ieAc, njAc fcoTt^AlU <&)ow IJA CUTXA&, En 1233 il leva une arm ee pour de- 

&o ceAcc b'A]ctijo5A& Uj #)hAC5ATi)i)A troner Dermod O'Mahony. Trois fils 

Asur Uf ChobcA(5 A 5-Co]ll c-5eAlbu]5. de ce dernier perirent dans cette guerre 

CAC fcocun AW bo, AsurcTtj ^c Uf ainsi qu . 6 Coffey de Coi ii sea i vv . 

bo tbATxbAb bo, .1. cmurt Moinsheureux dans la, guerre qu' il 

b-^ncer^U.'' comme Fitzgerald, en 
"A.D. 1233. Domhnall God Cair- 

1248, Donall fut tue, en 1251, par 

breach, son of Domhnall Mor-na- T 

Jean de Callan, fils de Thomas Fitz- 
Curadh, came to depose O Math- 

ghamhna and Cobhthaigh to Coill-t- f. 7 ' 

Sealbhaigh, where he fought a battle, "/^ Dmi ^ 

and slew the three sons of O'Math- Sead r Baltimore ' Dun na n 'S^ was 

ghamhna, i.e. the three sons of Donn- ^ d by the Engli8h in 1215 ' ac ' 

chadh na h-imirce timchill." C rding t0 the Annals of I^i^fallen. 

It is thus noticed, on the authority The Franciscan Abb ^ of Insherkin 

last quoted in Mons Laine's Pedigree built by Finghin O'DriscoU in 

of the Count Mac Carthy : 


as well as those of the O'Donovans, O'Mahonys, and several septs of 
the Mac Carthys paid tribute to MacCarthy Reagh see Inquisition 
in Addenda F. 

That the ancient Irish should have been careful to preserve their 
genealogies need not be a matter of surprise, and that these are perfectly 
authentic may be expected as they were entered in the local books of pe- 
digrees, and preserved in the poems of family or hereditary poets. Those 
of the lowest rank among a great tribe, traced and retained the whole 
line of their descent with the same care, which in other nations was 
peculiar to the rich and great ; for it was from his own genealogy each 
man of the tribe, poor as well as rich, held the charter of his civil state, 
his right of property in the cantred in which he was born, the soil of 
which was occupied by one family or clan, and in which no one lawfully 
possessed any portion of the soil if he was not of the same race with 
the chief. 

This was also the case with the Welsh, as we are informed by 
Giraldus, in the first chapter of his Cambria Descriptio, and again, 
more particularly in the seventeenth chapter, where he writes as follows : 

" Generositatem vero et generis nobilitatem prae rebus omnibus 
magis appetunt Unde et generosa conjugia plus longe cupiunt quam 
sumptuosa vel opima. Genealogiam quoque generis sui etiam de 
populo quilibet observat, et non solum avos, atavos sed usque ad 
sextain vel septimam et ultra procul generationem memoriter et 
prompte genus enarrat in hunc modum, Resus filius Gruffini, filii 
Resi, filii Theodori, filii J^nese, filii Oeni, filii Hoeli, filii Cadelli, 
filii Roderici Magni, et sic deinceps. 

" Genus itaque super omnia diligunt, et damna sanguinis atque 
dedecoris ulciscuntur. Vindicis enim animi sunt et irae cruentcE, 
nee solum novas et recentes verum etiam veteres et antiquas velut 
instantes vindicare parati." 


c]f)T> BfrjAit) Sl&jbe SrjeACCA, 
jjie Ab 8^8 AJ* b]leACCA. 


TJAC l6|i bo 

! 5 

bo cort)tt7Ae]8eArt)b. 

A t)-beA|tt)|*AC 

bo 8 

r|t)T) AT) eA]t|t A|t A 

A ceAT)T) A 5-qll 

Sneachta, i.e. the mountain 
of snow, angl. Slieve Snaght, a lofty 
mountain near the village of Carndo- 
nagh, in the barony of Inishowen and 
County of Donegal. Colgan who was 
born at the foot of this mountain, 
translates the name " mons nivium" 
See Trias Thaum. p. 181, n. 172. The 
entire of the peninsula of Inis-Eoghain 
belonged to Tir-Eoghain at this period, 
but was afterwards added to Tir- 



b JKn^r of the Saxons, i.e. Henry III. 
King of England. 

c The head, &c. No record of the 
fact of Brian O'Neill's head having 
been sent to London has been discover- 
ed except this poem. The Irish an- 
nalists, and also Clyn and Bowling, 
merely mention the fact that O'Neill 
was slain.- Bowling adds that 352 of 
his followers were slain along with 
him "in Vico de Down." 

d The Gaeidhil, i.e. the native Irish 


Death of my heart ! Is the head of Brian 
In a strange country under cold clay ; 
O head of Brian of Sliabh Sneachta,* 
Eire after thee is an orphan ! 

To the king of the Saxons b eastwards o 

Was carried the head c of the king of the Gaeidhil d by the Galls 8 
Is it not sufficient victory over the Gaeidhil 
That thou, O head, art triumphed over ! 

It is equal to all the evil the foreigners have done 

To bring the head of Brian to London, 10 

It is a sore consummation of his fate/ 

That his head should be in a stranger's church. 

or Milesian race of Ireland. vaders, but before the twelfth century 

e The foreigners. The word Gaill it was usually employed to designate 

is applied by the Irish writers to any the Danes and Norwegians. Since that 

foreigners. It seems to have been period it is almost invariably applied 

originally applied by them to the to the English. See Colgan's Acta 

Gauls, a colony of whom from the Sanctorum, p. 603, n. 11, and O'Brien's 

coast of France is said to have settled Irish-English Dictionary, voce Gall, 

in Ireland under Labhraidh Loing- f Fate. In two paper copies in the 

seach, A.M. 3682. See O'Flaherty's Royal Irish Academy, the reading ia 

Ogygia, part III. c. 39, p. 262. From 07516. 

this it came to signify any foreign in- e Dun, anciently called Dun-Ceal- 

148 5J1U t>ttjjt>e 

6 <t)ur) 

bAjle A 

S Cb*inl Af CTIA8 l^i)t) 15 

IATTJ Tie CAj^b AT) 

21 t)-A8t)Aice AT) 

U-llcA^b At* A T)-2ielclAcl)A, 
A roeAfs cloc ATI 5-clAt)t) 

OCI) T)AC ATVT) A e^&f 115^6 ! 20 

rr>' eAltAcb, 31 1) 50 5-cluit)e, A 
ujle Ab cbeAT)T)Acb b 

Do TiAb ^^ce bo beAt)T)Ac 25 


36 tt)A& ^ce bo b 
:A TTJO Au bo b- 

leATf) A lo ele 
bo ^A Bb^^UcA^e 30 

Tie CAeb fTJTJTbAIT' Tb6]Tl ATI7U|bb 
AT) f^StJAIT 1 6]Tl Af 

<Do -puATiAT- A] 1*31 8 bo 

CTIA8 A 8tiAit>e T>iTt 8ocbbA ; 35 

A beAT)f)ACCA. 

tairand Dun-da-Cath-ghlas, but now Thaum. pp, 169, 170; Lanigan's EC- 

Dun-Padraig anglice Downpatrick. clesiastical History of Ireland, vol. 

It is the name of the County town of I. p. 87, and Reeves's Ecclesiastical 

Down, and is much celebrated in Irish Antiquities of Down and Connor, Sfc. 

Ecclesiastical history as the burial p. 223 to 232. 

place of the Trias Thaumaturga of h Caiseal, now Cashel in the County 

Ireland, i.e. the S.S. Patrick, Bridget of Tipperary. 

and Columbkille. See Colgan's Trias ' Tailginn, i.e. the tonsured, a name 

Contuse. 149 

Alas ! that his noble face was removed from Dun,* 
From the place wherein is the grave of Patrick, 
It is grievous to us that the king of Caiseal h 15 

Is not [interred] near the relics of the Tailginn.* 

In Ard Madia 5 are the interments 

Of the Ulaidh with their lime-stone graves, 

Among [the tomb-stones of] our Clann-Neill; 

Alas ! that his resurrection shall not be there ! 20 

There is in London under a white flag-stone k 

A head which the Gaeidhil would [dearly] ransom 
All my cattle, although thou hearest it not, O head ! 
1 1 would give to ransom thee. 

He gave twenty horned cows 25 

For my poem, 1 it was a goodly purchase, 
Were they twenty cows with golden horns, 
My honor was greater and better. 

I brought away with me on another day 

Twenty cows at May-day, 30 

Along with much other wealth besides 
Not counting gold and raiment. 

I received a better gift, 

The blessing of the chief king of Eire ; 

The reward for his poem was not trifling ; 35 

[ButJ more lasting the fame of his blessing. 

which was originally applied by the Christian era, now Armagh. Here 
Irish Druids to St. Patrick, and which the O'Neills of Tyrone had their fa- 
continued to be applied to him by the mily tomb. 

Irish poets. See Petrie's History and k Under a white flag-stone. Some 

Antiquities of Tara Hill, pp, 77, 78. may think that Brian's head would 

Ard-Macha, i.e. the height or hill have been placed on a pole over London 

of Macha Mongruadh, queen of Ire- bridge, a prey to the birds of the air. 

land, about three centuries before the l For my poem. The poem here al- 


o 8o||lC CAC ATK^jt J*A T)]ATl 

^ATT/ cjtub 6 bo co^b bAjg BftfAt) 
bo cuAi.8 'p Ttjo jvj ^T 1 Ae ]t> TM Ai) AJ* 

BfvjAr) AT; cj &A b-CAjiruvj*. 40 

At) BAC 5 AT) boi.T) bA 
A|t cjiob T)OCA 

^fT)^ bl,AC \ bllb CACA OTT)' C 
Aj* ]t] 2t)ACA bO 

UCAT) ]tA b'otc | 

A b-CUCCATt bATT) bO 8|Tt7|A8 ; 

|io bu& ebojg qAjt t)O co^Tt 

AJ* B]H,AT) T)A 

A]t U^T) A-TtAU 50 

5 All bO TJlTfT) A]l 

A]t T)-A|lbA 

uAcn)A|t AllnjATtbA ; 

C 13 T 1 !^ <VTI t)-bon)T)Acb 30 'Dui), 55 

COT)T)lAC ]T)T) 

o A AT) 

Alt Tbu-|l)1)q]t ^tJlljb 'CeATTJTtAC, 
Tt)A|l bff A T)-bAT) bO 8|tOT [ T)5 bul, 
T)OCA TtOTTJT) A T)A eATTJAn)]). 60 

luded to is unknown to the Editor. old man in 1260, when the battle of 

Indeed no other poem attributed to Down was fought. 

our author is extant, except one on m Got them, i.e. from whom I re- 

Cathal Croibh-dhearg O'Conchobhair, ceived them. No one should seek re- 

king of Connacht, who died in the prisals of me, because I plundered 

year 1224, and if this be really his the king alone and by his own consent, 

composition he must have been a very " King of Macho, i.e. of Eamhain 

Cowtil6e. 151 

All have poured from east and west 

Upon my cattle since the good Brian departed, 

They and my king have passed away at the same time, 

The noble Brian, from whom I got them. 40 

Were we without horse, without cow, 

For [want of] cattle we would not repine, 
And there would not want be felt in my house, 
If the king of Macha n were living. 

Wo is me ! it would seem distressing to Brian 45 

[To see] what indignity is offered me ; 
Injustice to me, east or west, would be unlikely 
If Brian were living. 

The war of the Gaeidhil with the foreigners 

Was playing for a check at foreign chessmen ; 50 

The foreign pawns checked our chess king ! 
We cannot now escape defeat. 

The top of our corn was cut down 
By a hideous exotic horde of reapers ; 

Who came against us on Sunday to Dun, 55 

When the crop was but to ripeness turning. 

Till the day at Dun no battle was gained 
Over the race of Mileadh of Teamhair;? 
But "when it is the destiny^ of people to pass away," 
Valor or prowess is of no avail. 60 

Macha, the ancient palace of the pro- P The race of Mileadh, i.e. the Mi- 

vince of Ulster. lesian race, whose chief residence was 

o Sunday. " A.D. 1260. O'Neyl originally at Teamhair or Tara. 
regulus Ultonie occiditur cum multo q The destiny. The belief of the 

populo apud civitatem de Duno, do- ancient Irish in predestination appears 

minica infra octavas Ascensionis." from various writings. Seethe Battle 

Clyn. The Irish considered that fight- of Magh Rath, pp. 172, 269, and the 

ing on Sunday was an omen of ill Miscellany of the Irish Archaeological 

success to them. Society, pp. 2. 5, 7, 8, 9. 


AT) beAjic bo 6]jifreA8 
TTJATI bu8 cojjt cuji AT) 


21ft AIJUJ, ATI lofT*5 bo 

AT 1 ATI TT)U]6 bO 
5AC flff TT)U]fl 

le AllAb 43up bo 


t)A pub A^ II 6 PHOTIC 

T)A TT)-bTl6|T) S 

f 1A|1U1T)T). 



f A 6lo|t)T) 


ATI Tt)-beATtc be]c A 5-co||te, 

TT)UT) 5-CAC ATI C6AT)T) 2t) A6T)Tf)0^ 8e, 

bA rrj-beAjicA ATI CAC 5AT) Ai) CAC ! 
tn bA CTVAcb beAbcA AT) ^3oTt)T)Acb. 


r Port Lairge. This is the ancient 
and present Irish name of the city of 
Waterford. It would appear to have 
derived this name from a Danish 
chieftain Lairge or Larac, or as the 
Danes write it Largo, who is mention- 
, ed in the Annals of the Four Masters 
at the year 951 . The name Waterford, 
or Vedrafiordr, was given it by the 
Danes ; which is supposed to signify 
" weather bay." 

8 Linen Shirts. This confirms Gi- 
raldus's account of the Irish mode of 
fighting: ' Prseterea nudi et inermes 

ad bella precedunt. Habent enim 
arma pro onere. Inermes vero dimi- 
care pro audacia reputant et honore." 
(Dist. III. c. 10.) Dr. O'Conor has 
the following observations upon the 
Irish mode of fighting, in his sup- 
pressed work of Memoirs of the Life 
and Writings of Charles O'Conor of 
Belanagare, p. 79 ; 

"It is well known that the Irish 
always fought under very great disacl- 
vantages against the English, who 
were covered with armour, while they 
[the Irish] had no such defence. Poly- 


In its own time we have not seen 
The deed which would relieve Eire, 
As valor, it is ascertained, 
Ought to be exerted on the cessation of prowess. 

From the number of forts which he plundered and burned 65 
From the number of great battles which he gained ; 
Every flank of a fortressed town which he shattered, 
By the foreigners of Dun was revenged. 

The foreigners from London, 

The hosts from Port-Lairge, r 70 

Came in a bright green body thither, 
In gold and iron armour. 

Unequal they engaged in the battle, 

The foreigners and the Gaeidhil of Teamhair, 

Fine linen shirts 9 on the Race of Conn/ 75 

And the foreigners in one mass of iron. 

The cause of our defeat was our being in guilt, 
In the battle for the possession of Maerimhagh ; 
Ah ! if all were induced to abstain from the battle ! 
Sunday was no day for fighting." 80 

dore Virgil says that at the battle of the second century. This race in- 

Newark, in the reign of Henry VII. eluded the O'Conors of Connacht as 

the Irish fought with astonishing well as the O'Neills, Mac Mahons, 

bravery ; but that having their bodies and other chieftains of Ulster, 

uncovered, according to their native u Sunday was no day for fighting. 

custom, they were cut to pieces : This quatrain is obscure, but the 

Contra Hiberni etsi proelium magnis meaning is this. The cause of our 

animis edebant, attamen, cum patrio losing this battle, which was fought 

more nullis armis corpora tecta ha- in defence of the rich plains of Ire- 

berent, ante omnes passim cadebant, land, was, that our chieftains could 

eorumque caedes aliis multo maxime not be induced to defer till Monday, 

formidine erat." Sunday was no day for fighting, and 

* The race of Conn, i.e. the descen- we had the ill success of having pro- 

dants of Conn of the Hundred Battles, faned that day. 
monarch of Ireland iu the middle of 

bo T)|TT) 

3 A 

CAC Cji68A ; 
bo t)]rb 6 Nfe-jll, 

b AT) ftfl bob' ATT)el. 

Bo bo]6c 



tK>CAJl f AJIA13, 


b-q]*eA& AJI f uc T)- 

JT)1|* b-^pA^l 30 BjljAt) T1? 
5AT) lA]Ti) T)A 


o ^TT)8eocAb be AT? 50 Bfi]At) 
o Sl^Ab CAtU]T}t) 30 


6 bO C 



8 6 

bO b&8A& bO 




irt) ceAT)t) 

v By poison. See also line 99. 
Leland says that the Irish prince fell 
by the treachery of his own people, 
and quotes Ann. Innisf. MSS. No 
allusion to treachery is made in the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 
fallen, but his death is entered in the 
Bodleian copy as follows: "1260. 
tonier) O'Neyll, jij Qt)Al 60510 &'*v cus- 
TAC 5e6]l btt&sbj, -j \y&, cue cyr TJA 
&o W5 5A5rAT), &o 

5e6|l]b ret), i &o t)| ^e 5^U]b AC t5uij 

" 1260. Brian O'Neill, king of Ci- 
neal-Eoghain, to whom the Gaeidhil 
had given hostages, and who had not 
g iv en rent or tribute to the King of 
the Saxons, was killed by his own 
Gaeidhil and some of the Galls at 

w Inis-Fail, one of the ancient names 
of Ireland. 

Cot)tt))t>e. 155 

Of what avail is valor or many spears ? 
By poison a fierce battle is gained, 
Until O'Neill was disabled by poison/ 
The prowess of the hero was terrible. 

The cow of a poor man was never brought to his house, 85 
The reliquary of a priest he never violated, 
What curse could have followed him for which the battle was lost? 
There is no church against which he sinned. 

A steed, with his ornamental bridle on his head, 

Should pass throughout Eire, 90 

Through In is Fail w to Brian of Breagh : x 

It would pass y without any one putting a hand to the bridle. 

A woman 2 would pass to Brian 

From Sliabh Callainn a to Coirrshliabh; b 

The walk among the Gaeidhil is frightful to me 95 

Since the chief man of Eire has departed. 

O'Neill did not violate a sanctuary ; 
He did not disobey the church ; 
The prosperity of Brian was destroyed by poison ; 
To be pious after him is difficult. 100 

The heroes of Leath-Chuinn c in the battle 
Fell together in defence of Teamhair; 

xBreayh. a plain in the south-east p. 104. 

of the ancient Meath. Brian is called a Sliabh Callainn, i. e. Callann's 

of .this plain because it contains mountain, (anglice Slieve Gallion) 

Teamhair or Tara, the seat of royalty. a mountain in the barony of Lough- 

y It would pass. This is in allusion insholin, county of Londonderry, and 

to Brian's justice and the tranquillity on the borders of the county of Ty- 

of Ireland under his rule. rone. 

z A woman, &c. The same is said of b Coirrshliabh, i.e. the rugged moun- 

the reign of Domhnall, son of Aedh, tain, (anglice the Curlieu hills,) on 

son of Ainmire, monarch of Ireland, the borders of the counties of Eos- 

from A.D. 628 to 642, and of Brian common and Sligo. 

Borumha, monarch from A.D. 1002 c Leath-Chuinn, i.e. Conn's half, i.e. 

to 1014. See Battle oj Magh-Rath, the northern half of Ireland. 

156 5JIU 

beAt)CA|i A 




C b 1)1> cl)6||i 
ucl) bo 5t)frt) SAT) A 

bo |*l 
b f Atlf A b'^r5T) 6An)i)A 115 

CA|i|i|*A bV 


At) CUA]lle ^Ajl C1AJI 1)6 

* 5A1} B]tlA1) t)A beAcl)A15b. 120 

CAC bo cu]|i 

5uji cu^c A5 )ur) At) bot)t) 36 Al 
A borjr) A|t 3-cul t)f|t cu]|ieAbb- 

]c BtvfAi) Bp;t)e b-2lbA|8 125 

A 5- CAC 4)11! T) |16 bAt)A|lU]b, 
CACA clAt)T) M^ll At)AtlA|t) 
30 l6j|l At>t) ^0 

d TAe prop. This alludes to the e # ne OTan ^ M/rf supply their loss. 

construction of the ancient Irish i.e. the escape of Brian O'Neill would 

wooden house or log house which was counterbalance the loss of all the rest 

supported by a tur or galhalfulaing. of the chieftains who fell in this battle. 

See Cormac's Glossary, in voce Cujjt- This notion is not peculiar to our 

T5etj. author. " Hex cnim uiius instar om- 

Cot)mjt>e. 157 

As when the prop d is withdrawn from a house 
Its ridge falls down after it. 

The fall of the chieftains of the men of Fail 105 

Is not to be compared to this one plague, 
The chieftains of the Gaeidhil being mortally wounded, 
One man would supply their loss. e 

There, upon the heroes of Leath-Chuinn, 

Reproach on reproach is heaped by us: 110 

To have allowed the king into the battle was not right ; 
Alas the deed, that he was not prevented. 

To leave the king of Oileach among the slain 

Is a disgrace to the Race of Eoghan f of white steeds, 

It was a false guarding in the soldiers of Eamhain,? 115 

To have allowed their lord to break through them. 

After the bloody battle 

The Gaeidhil cannot move : 

The flag-staff of Fail [moves not] west or east, 

Only because Brian liveth not. 120 

[It was"] the first battle h which Brian fought, 
In which the head-chieftain of Oirghialla fell ; 
Until our fair chief fell at Dun, 
His footstep was not put back. 

When Brian of Beann-Abhaidh 1 fell 125 

In the battle of Dun by the barbarians, 
For the battles [gained] by the races of Niall of old 
We have there fully paid. 

nium est." See Cambrensis Eversus, ^The first battle. This battle is not 

Dedication, p. vi. vii. noticed in the Irish Annals. 

' The race o/Eoghan, i.e. the O'Neills * Beann-Abhaidh. There is no place 

and their correlatives. of this name in Ulster at present. It 

8 The soldiers of Eamhain, i.e. the was probably the old name of Beann 

men of Oirghialla. Aiblme in the barony of Keenaght, 


21 |t 3- CAC A3 C|tA6]b ocA CflUjM}, 
ftO bj'glAbb OJlA^T)t), 

bb |*At> CfieAf CO] ft, 



bo 1'cfAtt) jte 

>UjT)^ A3 bflA& A|l 5-CAC 


CAC KACA hoc, ]to 





jto cu]|t 

5-CAc A 

Acb fA feAT) ilT) COjjt CAjtAf. 

CAC jio cujitfeATT) uA^]t ele, 


Ajt A3 Loc CUAI) 

county of Londonderry. See Inbhear 
Abhaigh, note infra. 

k Craebh-tulch a, i.e. the wide-spread- 
ing tree of the hill. This is probably 
the place now called Crewe, situate 
near Glenavey in the barony of Upper 
Massareene, and county of Antrim. 
This battle was fought in the year 
A.D. 1003 between the Cineal-Eoghain 
and the Ulidians, in which the latter 
were defeated. 

Eochaidh. This was Eochaidh son 
of Ardghar, king of Ulidia or Eastern 
Ulster, who was slain by the Cineal- 

Eoghain in the battle of Craebh-tuicha 
in 1003. 

m Ath-solais, i.e. ford of the light. 
There are many places of this name 
in Ireland, but nothing has been dis- 
covered to^identify the place here re- 
ferred to, and no account of the battle 
is found in the Irish Annals. 

n Rath-Bhoth, i.e. the rath of the 
booths or tents, now Raphoe, the head 
of an ancient bishop rick in the county 
of Donegal. No account of this battle 
is found in the Irish Annals. 

Sliabh-Toadh. Two battles were 


Our battle at the heavy Craebh-tulcha k 

At Dun was avenged upon us; 130 

Eochaidh 1 fell in the eastern conflict 
But it did not here go unrevenged. 

The battle of the placid ford of Ath-solais m 
We paid for to the foreign tribe; 

The defeat at Dun revenged our battle 135 

On the smooth plain of Magh-n-Athrach. 

[At] the battle of Rath-bhoth, n which we gained, 
[At] the battle of the fair-sided Sliabh-Toadh, 
The rivers were full of blood, 
On the plain of MaighinP in Mumhan. 140 

The battle of Sliabh-Caein^ was fought by Niall 
To defend us against the country of Oirghialla, 
Our battle in the fertile valley of Moin-ghlas/ 
Alas ! was revenged, eastwards, at old Dun. 

We fought a battle at another time, 145 

At Dun-droma Dairinne 9 

We caused slaughter at Loch Cuan* in my memory 
But, alas! we have paid for it. 

fought here by the ancestors of the See Dinnseanchus. 

O'Neills; one in A.D. 291, and the *Dun-Droma Dairinne, i.e. the fort 

other in 610, [614.] It would appear of Dairinne's ridge, (Dundrum,) in 

from the Annals of Ulster that Sliabh the barony of Lecale, county of Down. 

Toadh was the mountain now called Here are the ruins of a strong castle 

" Bessy Bell," situate near Newtown- of great antiquity, which occupies the 

Stewart, in the county of Tyrone. site of the primitive dun, or earthen 

P Magh Maighne, in Munster. Not fort. This battle is not noticed in the 

identified. Irish Annals. 

q Sliabh- Caein. There is no moun- * Loch Cuan, Lough Con or Strang- 

tain now bearing this name in Ulster. ford Lough in the county of Down. 

r Moin-ghlas, i.e. green bog, now Strangford seems the Danish name, 

Monglass, in the county of Kildare. Strang-fiord, the strong firth. 


Ko bA b^TpfAC AJI 

bAjt' cttjftfftl) CAC 'porurjAe^le ; 

OC JIO bA TTJOft AJl T1)eAT)Tt)A, 
b J At cl68 CAC T)A 



3-ceAjibcA ] 

l|t COJlJtA Ajl clA 



C] : f 

T)A 5-COCAll 


Ce All AC At) JVJ CA^f]l 

ftp) 3 AT) 






u Formaeil, now Formil, in the pa- 
rish of Lower Badoney, barony of 
Strabane and county of Tyrone. This 
battle was fought in the year 965 
[966] between the Cineal Eoghain and 
Cineal Conaill, and the latter were 
defeated with the loss of their chief, 
Maelisa O'Canannain. See Annals 4 
Mast. A.D. 965, and Annal Ult. 966. 

v Caisbhearna. This battle is not 
noticed in the Irish Annals. This is 
probably the present Casorna, in the 
parish of Badoney, barony of Stra- 
bane and county of Tyrone. 

w A chess board of the shin bones of 

Leinstermen. This alludes to a story 
given at full length in Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, which states that " Muir- 
cheartach of the Leather Coats carried 
off the body of Cearbhall, king of 
Leinster, and made a payre of tables 
of his bones, which for a long time 
after was kept as a monument in the 
king of Ulster's house." See Annals 
of the Four Masters, Ed. J. O'D. A.D. 
942, p. 650, a. 

* The foreign race, i.e. the Danes of 
Dublin, who paid tribute to Muir- 
cheartach of the Leather Coats in 942. 

Cor)tt)jt>e. 161 

Proud were our people 

When we fought the battle of Formacil ; u 150 

And Oh ! high were our spirits 

When the battle of Caisbhearna v was won. 

Chess of the shin-bones of Leinstermen w 
In our work-shop was constructed, 

Smooth chessmen were on the tables of our ancestors 155 
Of the bare bones of Leinstermen. 

The tribute of Ath-cliath from the foreign race, x 
The hasting of the leathern coats [obtained] 
We got hostages from Caiseal-Chuirc ;* 
At the knotty wood of Dun it was revenged. 160 

Ceallachan, king of Caiseal Chuirc, 
In a fetter 2 was brought to our house, 
We burned the palace of Ceann-coradh* 
In which were steeds without fetters. 

Conchubhar, the son of Tadhg, b 10o 

Chief king of Connacht was a captive at our court; 

See Circuit of Muircheartach son of weir, generally anglicized Kincora, 

Niall, p. 33 35, and Annals of the was the name of the palace of the king 

Four Masters, A.D. 939, p. 642. of Thomond, situate at Killaloe, Co. of 

y Caiseal-Chuirc, i e. the city of Clare, and celebrated in Irish history 

Cashel in Munster. Id, ibid, pp. 41 as the residence of the Irish monarch 

43, and Annals of Four Masters, A.D. Brian Borumha. It is stated in the 

939, p. 643. Circuit of Muircheartach son of Niall, 

z In a fetter. In the Circuit of (p. 47) that the northern forces of 

Muircheartach son of Niall it is stated Muircheartach stopped a night here, 

that Ceallachan, king of Caiseal, was but no allusion is made to their having 

carried off as a hostage to Oileach with burned the house, 

a ring of gold weighing fifteen ounces b Conchubhar, son of Tadhg. This 

on his hand, and a chain of iron on Conchubhar or Conor is the progenitor 

his leg. Circuit, &c. p. 45. of the O'Conors of Connaught. See 

a Ceann-coradh, i.e. head of the Circuit of Muircheartach, pp. 48, 49. 



T)AC1)A CAll 

Clujce, 50 

crieACA, AT* TtjATibcA, Af H7Abn)AT)i)A ; 
CCA 3^11 3 3 u 1t> J 

T)OC1)A T)-ru^l AT)T) ACC 





, ACC CT)6A8 


Bu^lle b'jceATjTjcA b-^eA]t 
] H^ll 0^15 


UA18 7115 0^15 AT) ^uilc r 
A 8Aqt)e bA T)-beAcb A 
bo b]tA^cffr)T) bAe^b AT; uA]8 
bot) CAeb bu8 

BotlOjTbe, t*AT) 

BrqAi) O 1^6 1 II 

o/ <Ae foreigners, i.e. of the 
Danes of Dublin, whose king in Muir - 
cheartach's time was Blacar, and the 
hostages carried off by the northern 
prince whose name was Sitric, son of 
Sitric, and brother of the Godfrey 
who became king of the Danes of 
Dublin in the year 948. See Circuit 
of Muircheartach, pp. 34, 35, note 55. 
d oc/i Laeghaire, i.e. the lake of 
Laeghaire. This lake was called after 
Laeghaire Buadhach, or Leary the 
Victorious, one of the champions of 

1 85 

the Craebh Kuadh or Ked Branch in 
Ulster, in the first century, who had 
his residence at it. In later ages, as 
we learn from the Irish Annals, the 
head of the Slicht Airt Ui Neill, who 
were seated in the present barony of 
Strabane, County of Tyrone, resided 
at this lake. The name of this lake 
is now corrupted to Lough Mary. It 
is situate near Baron's Court, the seat 
of the Marquis of Abercorne, in the 
parish of Ardstraw, barony of Stra- 
bane and County of Tyrone. The 

Cof)wjt>e. 163 

The hostages of the king of the foreigners were in our custody ; 
Alas ! that it was not at home he tarried. 

The victories, till the death of Brian of Banna, 

The preys, deaths, and defeats, 170 

And all the achievements of the foreigners till the slaying of O'Neill, 
Were to us nothing but mere reproach. 

A severance of the heart from the body 

Is the death of Brian of Loch Laeghaire : d 

Not a white wound, but a head wound 6 [to us] 175 

[Is the loss of] the man from Coirrshliabh, whom I lament. 

The beheading blow of the men of Fail 

Is the death of O'Neill of white-glebed Oileach 

The death of the tall fair hero is a manacling of the Gaeidhil 

And a dispersion of the men of Eire. 180 

The tomb of the king of Oileach of thick hair, 

you people who forget its identity, 

1 would point out to you the grave 
On the north side of the church. f 

Brian BorumhaS in the north in the church, 185 

Brian O'Neill of red-armed Oileach, 

change of names in this part of Ire- People slain in battle were buried by 

land is remarkable, as appears from the ancient Irish on the north side of 

ancient maps of Ulster, such as Sliabh the church, which is still called caeb 

Truim to Bessy Bell, Loch Laeghaire i}A b-^eAjt i)-5orjcA, "the side of the 

to Lough Mary, &c. &c. They will slain men." 

be restored as soon as the Irish become s Brian Borumha. According to all 

national and rational by the force of the Irish Annals, Brian Borumha, 

education and true taste. monarch of Ireland, who was slain in 

e A white wound is the mark of a the battle of Cluain-tarbh (Clontarf 

stroke that does not cut or raise a near Dublin,) in 1014, was buried at 

lump. Head wound was the severest Armagh, and the Dublin copy of the 

wound, without causing death or loss Annals of Innisfallen adds " in a stone 

of a member Brehon Law. coffin separately on the north side of 

f On the north side of the church. the Cathedral." 


f] Aft 6 Cu^TM) Cob A, 

fie BjijAi) Tt)-BojiorbA. 


2t)AC l/f A3 
ceAtw 5-Cot>u]r>3 s- 



1 le, 



e bl^A8A|T; buAT) 

6 CAC 

30 bol 

blA& bo 


c lert) c 

cfl)T) C 

J CACAJT) 5AT) u^8 A||t 


collAjb cjteccACA ; 
) f5At) A be^cb ir 
be^c 5 At) c|te]cb O 


h Mac Liag of Luimneach, i.e. Mac 
Liag of Limerick. He was chief poet 
and secretary to the monarch Brian 
Borumha, of whom he is said to have 
written a life. See Mac Curtin's An- 
tiquities, p. 214 217, and Hardiman's 
Irish Minstrelsy, vol. ii. p. 361. 


* Conaing. lie was Brian Bo- 
rumha's nephew, being the son of his 
brother Donnchuan. He was slain 
and beheaded in the battle of Cluain- 
tarbh (Clontarf,) and his head was 
carried to Armagh and there interred. 

J The battle of Caeimh-Eirne, cor- 

Cot)ftijt5e. 165 

Farther to the west is the descendant of Conn of Cobha, 
And his feet towards Brian Borumha. 

As Mac Liag of Luimrieach h said 

To the head of Conaing 1 of battle- troops 190 

" It grieves me that an enemy has cut it off" 
The head of O'Neill, beloved guest ! 

Thirteen score bright years 

And one thousand from the birth of Christ in full, 

Until on the dark green sward fell 195 

Brian at bright Dun-da-leath-ghlas. 

Twenty enduring years had passed 

From the battle of Caim-EirgeJ of red spears; 

One year too and part of a year 

To the death of the descendant of Niall Naei-ghiallach, 200 

Bitter to my heart [to see] the grey Galls 
Triumphing over the slaughtered Maghnus ; k 
That the head of O'Cathain, attracting no notice, 
Should be seen on the bridge of Dun. 

A night did Maghnus of Macha remain 205 

Between wounded bodies ; 
If Brian had not been in the slaughter 
There would be no loss like O'Cathain. 

Maghnus b himself, Eachmarcach 1 too, 

Muircheartach, Donnchadh, Domhnall, 210 

rectly, Caim-Eirye. This battle, This name was borrowed by the Irish 

which was fought in O'Neill's country from the Danes. It is now common 

between Brian O'Neill, and his rival among both nations, and sometimes 

Mac Lochlainn, is noticed in the Irish made Manasses by some of the Ui- 

Annals, at the year 1241. See follow- Cathain or O'Kanes. This Maghnus 

ing Remarks. O'Cathain, who was lord or chief of 

k Maghnus, pronounced Manus. Cianachta and Fir-na-Craeibhe in the 


Ml All O 

bo crjeAf 

rt)AflbA6 2t)AJr)Af A 

Tt)AC T)A 



b'o M^ll 

AT) corjAcb. 



|IAC bor) co]i; jieti) 

Ab [-p]6-|l 

present County of Londonderry, is 
usually styled Maghnus Catha Duin 
from his having fallen in this battle. 
He was the father of Cumhaighe-na- 
n-Gall O'Cathain, whose tomb is in ' 
the old church of Dungevin. 

l Eachmarcach. These six members 
of the O'Kane family were evidently 
heads of septs. It is stated in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise and of the 
Tour Masters, that fifteen of the chief 
men of the O'Cahans fell in this battle. 
See Annals of the Four Masters, Ed. 
J. O'JD. A.D. 1260, note h. 

m Inbhear-Abhaiyh. This was pro- 
bably the ancient name of the mouth 
of the river Koe, in the barony of 
Keenaght County of Londonderry. 
See Beann Abhaidh, note 34, supra. 

n Niall Caille. He was the ancestor 
of Brian O'Neill and monarch of Ire- 
land from A.D. 833 to 846, when he 
was drowned in the river Callan, near 
Armagh, from which he received the 
cognomen of Caille or Cailne Ogygia, 
p. 434. The descent of Brian O'Neill 
and Mac Lochlainn from him was as 
follows : 

1. Niall Cailne monarch of Ireland, d. 846, 

2. Aedh Finnliath, monarch of Ireland, d. 879, 

3. Niall Glundubh, a quo O'Neill, monarch of Ireland, 

slain 919, 

4. Muircheartach of the Leather Coats, Prince of 

Oileach, slain 943, 


And Niall O'Cathain all falling with wounds: * 
Alas ! it was not one loss only. 

A misfortune to our children and our wives 
Was the killing of Maghnus O'Cathain, 
That scion of Inbhear-Abhaigh never neglected 215 

A son or daughter of Eoghan's race. 

Vain is the joy of this perishable world 

Wo be to him whom it deceives after Domhnall ; 
Powerful was the voice of O'Carra over the rest, 
Alas ! that the descendant of Niall Caille" should obtain such 
a reward. 220 

Often had I gone on a visit of pleasure, 
To see Amhlaeibh O'Gairmleadhaigh ; 
Why should I go now to the house, though beside me, 
Alas ! it is now a house without Amhlaeibh. 

_ 5. Domhnall of Armagh, prince of Oileach, d. 980, 

6. Muireadhach, 6. Muircheartach Midheach, slain 975, 

7. Lochlainn, a quo Mac 7. Flaithbheartach an trosdain, prince of Oileach, d. 

Lochlairm, 1036, 


8. Ardghar Mac L. 8. Aedh Atlaman, d. 1033, 

9. Domhnall Mac L. 9. Domhnall O'Neill, 

I monarch I 

10. Niall Mac L. 10. Flaithbheartach O'Neill, 

1 1 . Muircheartach Mac 1 1 . Conchobhar-na-Fidhgha, 
L. monarch of I 

Ireland, si. 1166 12 - Tadhg Glinne, 

13 ' Mui 4 eartach f Ma S h - Lin e> slain 1160, 
Genealogy. 14. Aedh Toinleasc, d. 1230, 

15. Niall Euadh, 1225, 

16 Brian of the Battle of Down, slain 1260. 

o Amhlaeibh O'Gairmleadhaigh, ginally seated in Cineal-Moen, on the 
would be anglicized Auliffe O'Gormley, west side of the River Foyle, in the 
but this family now generally write present barony of Raphoe ; but they 
the name Gormley or Grumley with- were driven thence in the thirteenth 
out the prefix. This family was ori- century by the Cineal Conaill, when 


Coi)CllbAJl 2t)AlAT)T), T1)AC 
CA6]T)jb T1)T)A l^ trjjt A 

O <t)ubbffirT)A Af [coll 'i)- 

f JIT) A 5 AT) COT)T) A 


<t)o cl)uA]8 le CJAT) T)A 5-coT) 
rjAjjte A]* OjfteAcljAf B||ieAT)i) ; 

AT) A 



CAT) A bo 

O coeA]*5lo]t) CAT) A 



AT) CUA5 T)0 AT) 3 A, 

Cu UUb 6ATi)i)A ; 

lt)6ft AT) pU&ATl CU t^A CUA]5, 

A Cu UUbl) ) %)T)luAit) ! 


they settled on the other side of Foyle 
between Strabane and Derry. 

P Malainn, now Malin in the barony 
of Inishowen, County of Donegal. 

<i Faendruim, probably Fordrum, 
a townland near Greencastle, ad- 
joining Bally macarter in the parish 
of Lower Moville, barony of Inish- 
owen, County of Donegal. See An- 
nals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1167. 
Ed. J. O'D. p. 1162. 

' O'Duibhdhirma. This name is 
still extant in the barony of Inish- 
owen, where it is anglicized Doo- 
yearma by some, and incorrectly 
changed to Mac Dermot by others. 
The country of O'Duibhdhirma was 
called Bre.idach, and comprised about 
the eastern half of the peninsula of 

Inis-Eoghain, where its name is still 
preserved in Bredach Glyn, and the 
little river Bredach flowing through 
it and falling into Lough Foyle at the 
village of Moville. "Bredach est 
fluviolus peninsulas de Inis-Eoguin, 
qui in sinum de Loch Febhuil apud 
Magh-bile exoneratur." Colgan. Trias 
Thaum. pp. 145, 181. According to 
the Annals of Ulster and of the Four 
Masters, Conchobhar O'Duibhdhirma 
and his son Aedh were slain in this 

s Cian. His surname was O'h-In- 
neirghe according to the Irish Annals. 
He was of the race of Brian, son of 
Eoghan, and chief of Gleann Con- 
cadhain or Glcnconkeine, " comprising 
the parishes of Ballynascreen, Kii- 

Cot)tw5e. 169 

Conchubhar of Malaimi,? son of Conn, 225 

Women and men lament at Faendruim ;<* 
O'Duibhdhirma r is a breach in our house, 
A people without head are his race. 

With Cian 3 of the fleet hounds disappeared 

The nobility and glory of Eire ; 230 

Removed from us were wisdom and comeliness 
When Cian was hidden in the grave. 

Want of friends and of wealth 

Is Mac Cana to the Race of Eoghan : 

Donnsleibhe Mac Cana* the fair-skinned 235 

Is a loss to hospitality and to valor. 

Wo to him who wielded the axe or spear, 
By which fell Cu-Uladh of Eamhain ; u 
Great the pity that thou beneath the axe hast fallen, 
Oh Cu-Uladh O'h-Anluain ! v 240 

cronaghan and Desertmartin, in the Cann was the reputed head of this 

present barony of Loughinsholin, Co. family. 

of Londonderry. The late Dr. Henery u Eamhain, now called the Navan 

of Maghera, in the County of Lon- fort near Armagh, 

donderry, was of this family, and v Cu Uladh O'h-Anluain, would be 

there are several respectable persons now anglicized Cooley OTIaiilon; 

of the name in the parishes above the name Cu-Uladh, which is trans- 

mentioned and throughout Ulster, but lated Canis Ultonise by the compiler of 

none at present inheriting landed es- the Annals of Ulster, is very com- 

tates. The burial place of this family mon among the families of Oirghialla. 

was in the church of Ballynascreen, O'h-Anluain, (O'Hanlon) was chief of 

See Ann. Four Mast. Ed. J. O'D. the Eastern portion of Oirghialla, called 

A.D. 1 ! 92, p. 92. Crich-na-n-Airthear, regio Orientali- 

t Donnsleibhe Mac Cana, would now urn, a name which is still retained in 

be anglicized Donlevy Mac Cann. the baronies of Orior in the east of 

This family was seated in the territory the County of Armagh. The head of 

of Clann-Breasail, on the south side this family in the time of James II. 

of Lough Neagh where it receives was Brian O'h-Anluain, commonly 

the upper Bann. The late Major Mac called " the Colonel," who was the son 


61) lofA p| 51 8 

bojljbl) t)A 8jA-|bb 5 AT) 


bO bj Aft 8TlU]Tt) A 8ucl)CAf A 

bl&c Tie A be^cb TJA cl)O|tAbb 
6 cl)Ac]) Cor)cubA|i. 





bo c 






56 Al 

n 6ATt)T)A TT) 


of Glaisne, son of Patrick Ban, son of 
Edmond Laidir, son of Eochaidh, who 
was attainted by Act of Parliament 
as "Oghie Oge O'Hanlon, esquire, 
eldest son of Sir Oghie O'Hanlon, 
knight, late of Tonregye [Tandragee] 
in the County of Armagh." 

w Mac Lochlainn, now anglicized 
Mac Loughlin, a name still numerous 
in the barony of Inishowen. This 
family had been the most distinguish- 
ed of the race of Eoghan till the year 
1241, when they were defeated and 
set aside by the O'Neills. See Annals 


of the Four Masters. Ed. J. O'D. A.D. 
1241, p. 303. If Diarmaid Mac Loch- 
lainn had survived this battle he would 
probably have succeeded Brian O'Neill 
in the chieftainship of the Cineal- 

x Conchubhar, son of Niall O'Neill. 
He was the brother of Brian O'Neill. 
His name is not given in the Irish 
Annals, as having fallen in this battle. 

y Cam Meadhbha, i.e. the earn or 
sepulchral heap of Meadhbh, the cete- 
brated queen of Connachb in the first 
century. It is here used to designate 


There would be no weakness in Leath-Chtiinn, 
If Mac Lochlainn w had not been slain 
From this day of the death of generous Brian ; 
'Tis grievous that Diarmaid lived not after him. 

The son of Niall O'Neill now 24o 

Who was in the succession to his patrimony; 
A blossom not ripened into fruit 
Was Conchubhar, x when carried off from us all. 

The sons of the king of Connaeht of Cam Meadhbha? 

Deserted not their lord 250 

Until every noble prince was cut down 
Of the valiant scions of Cruachan. 

The son of Tighearnan 2 fell in the east, 
And the curling-haired son of Cormac,* 

And O'Maeilsheachlainn of all Midhe b 255 

Of the fine race of Conn, by the foreigners. 

The comely youth of great Eamhain Macha 
Fell by them on the day of the violent battle, 
The great complaisant O'Duibheamhna c 
Good right have his people to mourn him. 260 

Cruachan, where she was interred, b O'Maeilsheachlainn of Midhe, i.e. 

and where the kings of Connaeht O'Melaghlin of Heath. No mention 

anciently had their residence. is made of him in the Irish Annals as 

z The son of Tighearnan. He Avas having fallen in this battle, O'Me- 

Cathal son of Tighearnan O'Con- laghlin was the chief of the southern 

chobhair (O'Conor) according to all Ui Neill, and one of the most power- 

the Irish Annals. ful princes of the Race of Conn Cead- 

a Son of Cormac. This should be chathach. 

"grandson of Cormac." He was c O'Duibheamhna, now Devany. 

Gillachrist, son of Conchobhar, son Not mentioned in the Irish Annals, 

of Cormac Mac Diarmada, or O'Mail- d O'Duibhlin. This should be 

ruanaidh, lord of Magh Luirg, now O'Dobhailen, now anglicized Devlin, 

the plains of Boyle in the County of He was chief of Muintir-Dobliailcn or 

Roscommon. Muntrevelin, a district on the west 


Ucb bo bjtor) 



SeAcc l<vfce A|* IU 
AT) rbA|8ti) 


3 AT? 

O Mejll Tt)6|l A3A|* A TT)AC 

orbt)A 03 Af 



f A u| 


3u b-q ATI? 
30 b-q bOTT) 



side of Lough Neagh. This chief is 
not mentioned in the Irish Annals. 

e Euaidhri. Not mentioned in the 
Irish Annals. 

f A drop before a shower, a figure 
sometimes used to denote an omen of 
slaughter. As a heavy drop indicates 
an approaching great shower, so the 
fall of Ruaidhri O'Gairmleadhaigh 
foreboded the losses of the Race of 
Eoghan in this battle. 

% O'Neill the great and his Son. 

Domhnall and Aedh. It is not easy to 
understand from this quatrain whether 
or not these were slain in this battle. 
Domhnall was probably Domhnall Og, 
the cousin-german of Brian O'Neill, 
and Aedh was Aedh Buidhe the First, 
the ancestor of the O'Neills of Clann 
Aedh a Bhuidhe (Clannaboy.) This 
Aedh was lord of all the Cineal-Eogh- 
ain, and is called King of Aileagh in 
Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise. He M r as not 

Cot)mjt>e. 173 

Alas ! deep grief overspread the country 
To anticipate the death of O'Duibhlin ; d 
Gofraidh our grief unto the judgment-day ; 
Generous of his banquet was the youth. 

Seven days wanting of a month 265 

Before the battle Ruaidhri 6 was slain ; 
It was a drop before the shower* for us to part 
With the blue eyes of O'Gairmleadhaigh. 

O'Neill the greats and his son, 270 

(Dear are the oak and the sapling,) 
Oh, what a noble pair are they, 
Dornhnall and Aedh of Oileach ! 

Ardghal of Oileach under sacred mould 

In the Diseart of Doire Chalgaigh, h 275 

Near the fair miraculous hill ; 

[Well] do we remember O'Laithbheartaigh. 1 

Brighid the chaste of Cill--dara, k 
My holy virgin, my woman friend, 

May she encircle my body like a warm girdle, 1 280 

May she come to visit me as a guest. 

slain in the battle of Dun, but sur- of Eoghan. Ardghal O'Laverty the 

vived it for thirteen years, for he was lamp of the valor and hospitality of 

killed, according to all the Annals, in the north of Ireland, died in the year 

the year 1283 by Brian Mac Mahon, 1241, according to the Annals of the 

chief of Oirghialla. Four Masters. 

* Diseart of Doire Chalgaigh, i.e. the k Brighid of Cill-dara, i.e. St. Brid- 

hermitage of Doire-Chalgaigh. This get of Kildare. She is probably in- 

was the name of a church at Derry voked here because she was buried at 

(Londonderry.) See Annals of Four Dun-da-leath-ghlas, (Downpatrick,) 

Masters, AD. 1122, and Colgan's where this battle was fought. 

Trias Thaum. p. 504. l Girdle. For some stories of the 

i O'Laibhearlaigh, now anglicized miraculous zone or girdle of St. Brid- 

Laverty and Lafferty. O'Laverty get see her lives published by Colgan. 
was a distinguished chief of the Race 


THE preceding poem is now translated and printed for the first time. 
The text has been obtained from four copies, the only MSS of it known 
to the Editor, which are preserved the one in a parchment MS. the 
property of John Nugent, Esq. of Farranconnell, County of Cavan, 
and the others in paper MSS. the property respectively of the late 
O'Conor Don, the Royal Irish Academy, and Mr. Eugene Curry, all 
copied by very good scribes. 

The poem itself, as stated in all the MSS., was composed by Gilla 
Bhrighde Mac Conmidhe (or Gilbride Mac Namee) who was chief 
poet of Ulster in his time, and the friend and follower of Brian O'Neill, 
King of the Irish of the North, and Righdhamhna or heir presumptive 
to the throne of Ireland. The family of Mac Conmidhe, of which this 
Gilla-Bhrighde was the head, were hereditary poets to the northern 
Ui-Neill, and are still very numerous in Ulster. Maelseachlainn Mac 
Conmidhe (Loughlin Mac Namee) of Drapers town Cross in the County 
of Deny, was believed to be the head of this family in 1835, when he 
told the Editor several anecdotes of his ancestors. 

Moryson states that the family of O'Neill lived in obscurity till the 
time of Bruce, 1318, but this is not exactly correct as will appear from 
the history of the hero of this poem. 

Brian O'Neill, the hero of this poem, became King of the Cineal 
Eoghain, in the year 1241, after having defeated and slain his predeces- 
sor, Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, prince of Tir-Eoghain, in the battle of 
Caimeirge. From this period to the year 1248, the Annals are. silent 
about his exploits, although it would appear from this poem that he was 
not idle. In 1248, he made an expedition into Fermanagh, carrying 
light currachs from Loch Feabhail (Lough Foyle) across the plain of 
Magh-Ithe and Tearmann Daibheog, and launched them on Loch 
Eirne, the islands of which he plundered, and demolished a stone castle 
which had evidently been erected by the English. In 1252, however, 
he and his brother submitted and gave hostages to Maurice Fitzgerald, 


lord Justice of Ireland, who had marched with a numerous force to 
Cluain-Fiachna (Clonfeacle). In the same year O'Domhnaill (Gofraigh 
or Godfrey) made a preying excursion into Tir-Eoghain [Tyrone] and 
seized many cows and prisoners, but O'Neill (Brian) pursued and came 
up with him near the boundary of Tir-Conaill where a conflict ensued 
between the two fierce Races of Eoghan and Conall, in which the former 
were defeated with the loss of many men and prisoners of distinction. 
This aggression on the part of O'Domhnaill created a dissention between 
the two Races, which very much weakened the power of the Irish of 
Ulster. In the year 1257 O'Domhnaill came to a pitched battle 
with Maurice Fitzgerald, the lord Justice at Creadraii-cille in Ros-Cede 
near Sligo, in which he gained the victory after a desperate conflict; 
and after having engaged the lord Justice in single combat, in which 
both were severely wounded ; and he followed up his success by driving 
the Geraldines and all the English from his borders, and demolished a 
castle which they had erected at Cael-Uisce near Belleek, on Loch 
Eirne, for securing their conquests in that country. After this brilliant 
success O'Domhnaill lived but one year during which he was lying on 
his bed (in an island in Loch Beitheach) suffering from the severe 
wounds which he had received in the battle of Creadran-cille. 

When O'Neill received intelligence of his feeble condition, he 
collected his forces to invade Tir-Conaill, and sent messengers to 
O'Domhnaill to demand submission and hostages from the Cineal- 
Conaill, as now they had no chief capable of leading them to battle. 
The messengers, on delivering their embassy to O'Domhnaill, and re- 
ceiving an answer that O'Domhnaill's people would not submit to 
O'Neill, returned to O'Neill with all possible speed. 

O'Domhnaill now ordered the Race of Conall to assemble from all 
quarters and come to him ; and after they had assembled at his sum- 
mons, he ordered them to construct for him the bier in which his body 
should be finally carried to the grave, and to carry him in it in the 
midst of his people. This was accordingly done ; and he exhorted his 
people to exert their bravery, and keep up their spirits, for that he 
himself, though feeble from his wounds, would once more lead them 
to victory. The Cineal Conaill then proceeded on their march against 
O'Neill's forces and met them near the mouth of the river Suileach 


[the Swilly.] Here a fierce battle was fought between the kindred 
races, in which the Race of Eoghan were defeated and driven back, 
leaving behind them many men, horses, and much valuable property. 
The Cineal Conaill then set out for home, but on their arrival at the 
village of Congbhail [Convval] in Gleann Suillighe, O'Domhnaill 
became very sick, and ordered the bier in which he was carried to be 
laid down on the street, and here he died the death of a hero, the 
wounds which he had received in his combat with Maurice Fitzgerald 
in the battle of Creadran-cille having bled afresh in this battle. 

When O'iSeill heard of the death of O'Domhnaill he again sent 
messengers to the Cineal Conaill to demand submission and hostages. 
Thereupon the Cineal Conaill held a council, to deliberate on what 
they should do, and whom they would elect as their chief. While 
they were deliberating on these subjects, Domhnall Og, the son of 
Domhnall Mor, presented himself at the meeting, having just arrived 
from Scotland where he was fostered. This noble youth, who was the 
son of Domhnall by the daughter of Cathal Croibh-dhearg O'Con- 
chobhair (Charles the Redhanded O'Conor,) king of Connacht, was then 
in his eighteenth year, and was inaugurated at Cill Mic Neanain [Kil- 
macrenan] by O'Firghil, the Comharba of that Church and the sub- 
chiefs of Tir-Conaill. He conferred with O'Neill's emissaries in the 
Gaelic of Alba, and pronounced the demands of O'Neill as extra- 
vagant and exorbitant, and said in Erse " that every man should have 
his own world." 

O'Neill's ambition, however, was not lessened by this answer, for 
he made every effort to become not only sovereign of Ulster but even 
monarch of Ireland. In the same year he marched with his forces to 
Cael-Uisce on the borders of Tir-Conaill, where he held a conference 
with Hugh son of Felirn O'Conor, king of Connacht, and Tadhg 
O'Briain, king of Thomond, and here, according to the Annals of 
Ulster and Clonmacnoise, the sovereignty of the Irish of Ireland was 
conferred on Brian O'Neill, and Hugh O'Conor delivered him hos- 
tages, and he received also the hostages of the O'Reillys, and of all 
the Ui-Briuin from Kells to DrumclifF. But a somewhat different 
account of this conference is given in the Cailhreim Thoirdhealbhaiyh, 
or Wars of Toirdhealbhach O'Briain, and in the Dublin copy of the 


Annals of Innisfallen, in which it is incorrectly entered under the year 
1252. It is stated in these works, that a general convention of the 
princes and nobility of Ireland assembled at Cael-uisge on the brink 
of Loch Eirne, in order to elect a supreme king over the Irish, to 
suppress the tyranny and usurpation of the English. Tadhg, son of 
Conchobhar na Siudaine O'Briain, repaired thither with most of the 
nobles of Munster and Connacht, and on his arrival at Cael-uisge, 
sent northwards across the river one hundred steeds as wages in token 
of vassalage to O'Neill. O'Neill, enraged at this offer, sent back 
the horses and two hundred steeds with golden bridles as wages to 
O'Briain, who refused to accept of them ; and the consequence was 
that the meeting was broken up without choosing an ard-righ, or sole 
monarch for that time. 

It looks very strange that neither Leland nor Moore should have 
noticed this attempt of the Irish chieftains to unite against the English, 
for, although the result was insignificant, the attempt had it succeeded 
would have proved disastrous to the English in Ulster. 

The following is the account of the meeting at Cael-uisge given in 
the Caithreim Thoirdhealbhaigh : 

<t)0 frj ^0]\\ fA^T) ATt) fO, C|ie- If T)A8 |lt)Ab 
A3 Af A3Uf A3 f fCA8 ft)T)CA, A ^fl 

b|to]be A3uj* buAtJ-A^A^ ^T 1 $Ae&ALv|b ASUJ* A5 buA]r> A b- 
A b-feAjiAirn) bfb 50 ^O]fi6]3T)eAc ATW 3AC A-JC bA 

5Uf* TT)Ajl CU5AbAfl 3^ e lfl fit* *>'& t)-A]|ie bO 
bO ]l^8f 5A& Ot) AT)T)-b-^lAlCeAf A-|t)fCCAC 

-^et) Ai]tb-^5 bo COJA of A 5-c] : T)t>, b^ 
50 b-qucf A8 leo 6/||ie bo coj*t)Arb bo't) but 
bo^b. U]Tt)e f|r> bo c]t)eAbA|i cori)A]|ile UTT) co|T)T)e bo 

A]t A6T) A 

A6|b5]l CAel-u 

Tt)A]t A6T) le b-Tlri)6|l UA]fle 

A^UJ* COT)T)ACC b^ : 
UU8 u^le UTD O'M^ill Ar>t). BA r;of At)Atl6b 


cjtfcA ceb T)O co^e bo TjlACjrAb cAbATtcAf t)O tuAjiAfbAl 6 Ajvb- 
50 T)~3AbA8 Tt)Ajt Aet) Ti]f At) b-cuAjtATTAl fo^t) urblA 

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unj bfl CI'YA ^3 u r CAT)A TI^T*. JAJI fu]&e 

bO T)A l)-UA^fl]b f JT) bO CU]|t O'BjljA^) C^Ab 6AC CA]t AT) 

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ojibA^g 50 b--pe]|i3 Tbojjt b-fU]|ieACA^ CAJI AT> 

|*]tU]C C6bT)A CAfl Ajf bA C^Ab 6AC 50 T)-A |*|t^AT)CAjb blAC-6]t6A 

5-cjrbjf-5l^56AlA bo f*olACA|jt |*6 A j-corbA^ri TJA b^lA ]*O]T>, 
curt) A Tt)-bjiOT)CA b^^eAjiA^b B^]teAT)i) bo^r) bul fo^t), c|t6 rb6]b A 
A curpAf Afi 6]]t|t)T) bo co|*T)Arb CA|i Aei) ojle bo 
A5U|* f6f jujt AerjcujijeAbAji w\i UUS ujle ^^ AT) 

CflAC Hf- 2l5 u r ^T 1 WCritJC t)<V t)-eAC ^T) 50 T)A 

11 !! 1 !^ tJ-fc b~^]c ceAbnA 6 T)-A 
AT) frtu^c bofbA8 AT) cuATiAfbA^l bV^f i) 

AT) CAT) bO CU3 O J M&lll UA]U A5U| ATlb-TT;eA1)TT;A M] 

^A q ^A 6j : n)&A Ajur* CA^T)|5 bo'i) 
r-jAeileAbAri ]fi 6]TieAi)T) Af AT) bA^l nt), SAT) Atib- 

CO8T)AC bO C07JA T)^V b'6jTlbT)eA& OTICA ^]T), T)A fO|* C|t)6 ATI 
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cf^olAbAe^]* boTiife A 3-cfT)i) ACA^& ^T)A 8eA&A]3 Tit) uro At) S-CUJT' 
ceAbt)A; 3^beA6 CAt)3AbA|i A i)-uTtti)6Ti b'et)-TT)e]T) A^Ttbcj^eATi^Af 
bo gAb^l OTICA ^re]T) b'uAfAl / Cb^3. 

f * The foreigners, through much pride and haughtiness with which 
they were filled and inflated, were exerting tyranny, injustice, captivity 
and constant depredation upon the Gaeidhil and taking their cattle and 
their lands from them with violence wherever they were able. And 
when the Gaeidhil perceived this, they wished to free themselves from 
that cruel tyranny of the foreigners by electing one sovereign over 
them to whom they should all yield hostages, that they might by this 
means defend Eire as they were accustomed to do. Wherefore they 
came to the resolution of holding a conference with each other on the 
margin of the deep harboured islandful Eirne. Here the nobles and 
chief lords of the Gaeidhil of Eire assembled together. 

"With respect to the whitesided Tadhg-Cael-uisge, the goodly and 


far-famed son of Conchubhar O'Briain, he proceeded with the greater 
part of Leath-Mhogha and Connacht to that meeting ; and all the hosts 
of Ulster came there with O'Neill. It was a custom formerly that when- 
ever the King [chief] of a Tricha ched, or of a province, would receive 
a gift or wages from another great chief, he thereby signified that he 
became a subject and a vassal to him, as his lord, and that he was to 
pay him rent and tribute. After these nobles had sat in the assembly 
O'Briain sent one hundred steeds northwards across the stream in the 
name of wages to O'Neill ; and when O'Neill perceived this he, with 
great violent anger, ordered to be sent across the same stream two 
hundred steeds with their gold-ornamented white-bordered bridles, 
which he had collected for bestowing on the men of Eire at this 
meeting on account of his right and power beyond any other of the 
Gaeidhil to contest for Eire, and moreover because all the men of 
Ulster were obedient to him at that time. When the noble Tadhg 
saw these steeds with their bridles, he sent the former steeds from their 
heroes across the stream to retain the subsidy by will or by force. 
When O'Neill perceived the pride and high-mindedness of O'Briain 
he returned home in sorrow ; and the result of that dissension was 
that the men of Eire dispersed from the meeting without selecting or 
appointing any supreme King over them, or even agreeing upon a 
resolution about defending Eire against the foreigners, except that 
they would in some time after meet again for the same purpose. But 
the greater number of them consented that Tadhg O'Briain should 
assume the cheif lordship over them."- 

In 1259 Brian O'Neill and Felim O'Conchobar held a conference at 
Daimh-inis [Devenish] inLochEirne, to deliberate upon the best means 
of checking the encreasing power of the English in Ireland. But in 
the mean time treachery was at work in Ulster : Aedh Buidhe O'Neill, 
the next aspirant to the chieftainship of the Cineal-Eoghain, conspired 
with the young O'Domhnaill to weaken the power of Brian, and they 
plundered Tir-Eoghain and obtained hostages from some of the 

In the next year Aedh O'Conchobar (Hugh O'Conor) King of Con- 
nacht, marched into Ulster with the elite of his chieftains and forces to 
assist Brian O'Neill to crush his English au'd Irish enemies, and came 


to an engagement with them on the Sunday within the Octave of As- 
cension day. In this battle Brian O'Neill was certainly not joined by 
all the chieftains of Ulster for it appears from the names of the slain 
that he had not any forces from Ulidia or Tir-conaill, and it is also 
clear that the people of Fearmanach and Oirghialla, with the exception 
of O'h-Anluain, had deserted him. This is also quite clear from several' 
notices in the annals, and particularly from one under the year 1261, 
which states, that after the battle of Dun (Down) O'Domhnaill made 
a predatory incursion into Tir-Eoghain, and plundered and burned the 
greater part of it. 

The following notice of the battle of Dun-da-leath-ghlas is given in 
the Annals of Ulster: 

A. D. 1260. The battle of Dromderg at Dundalethglas that Brien 
O'Neill and Hugh mac Felim [O'Connor] gave to the Galls of the 
North of Ireland, where many of the best of Ireland were slayne, viz. 
Brien O'Nell, Donell O'Carra, Dermot Mac Laughlin,ManusO'Cahan ; 
Kyan O'Hinerga, Dunleve Mac Canna, Coner O'Duvdirma and his son 
Hugh, Aniline O : Garmley, and Cu-Ula O'Hanloyn, and fifteen of the 
best of the O'Cahans were slayn at that present. And there were killed 
of Connaught Gillchrist mac Coner mac Cormac O'Mulrony, King of 
Moylurg, and Cahal mac Tiernan O'Coner, Mulrony Mac Donogh, 
and Cahal mac Donogh mac Murtagh, Hugh mac Murtagh Fin. Teig 
mac Cahall mac Brien O'Mulrony; Dermot mac Teig mac Murreay 
O'Mulrony; Coner Mac Gillarraith. Teig mac Kyan O'Gara, and 
Gilberay O Cuyn, and many more men. (Old Translation.} 

It is thus noticed in the Annals of Clonmacnoise : " A. D. 1260. 
Hugh O'Connor went to the North to assist Bryan O'Neale against 
the English, with a great company of Connoughtmen, where the said 
Bryan with the forces of Tyreowen and Hugh O'Connor with their 
accomplices went to give battle to the English, in which battle Bryan 
O'Neale, named the King of the Irish of Ireland, was killed, with 
these ensuing of the Irish nobility, vizt. Donnell O'Kearney ; Dermott 
Maglaughlyn; Magnus O'Cahan; Kyan O'Hinnerge ; Donnsleyve 
Macanna; Hugh O'Cahan; Mortagh O'Cahan; Connor O'Duffdirma 
and Hugh his son; Awley O'Garmley ; Cowuly 'Hani on ; and 
fifteen of the chiefest of the family of the O'Kahans. 


" There was also slain of Connoughtmen these ensueing persons, 
vizt. Cahal mac Tyernan O'Connor ; Gillchrist mac Connor mac 
Connaick ; Donnell mac Dermoda ; Moyleronie Mac Donnogh ; Cahal 
mac Donnogh mac Mortogh ; Hugh mac Murtagh Fyn ; Teig mac 
Cahal mac Bryen mac Moyledowne ; Deimott mac Teig mac Moreye 
mac Thomalty O'Moyleroine ; Connor Mac Gilbarie ; Teig mac Keyn 
O'Garey ; Gilleberry O'Koyne, and Charles the Bushopp O'Mory's 
son, with many others of the noble and ignoble sort. 

" This battle is called the battle of Downe-Dalehglass, and Bryan 
O'Neale is since called Bryan Catha in Dwyn (Bfi]AT> CACA At) &frji? 
b-UA Nfr|ll,) which is as much as to say in English Brian of the 
battle of Downe." (Mageoghegans Translation.) 

The Annals of the Four Masters and the Annals of Kilronan agree 
with those of Clonmacnoise nearly word for word. But the old Annals 
of Innisfallen, preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, differ 
from all the Ui Neill Annalists, and positively state in brief words that 
Brian O'Neill was killed by his own Gaeidhil, or Irish followers. 

A.D. 1260. B^et) O'Neyll y\ C]i)Al 6051?, b'& cusf AC 5e6]l 
t)A tu3 Kyi* T>A KAyt) bo jt]3 SA3fAr>, bo 
A5Uf bo vf\ bo 3^1^ AC ^uTj-b 

"A.D. 1260. Brian O'Neill, king of Cineal Eoghain, to whom the 
Gaeidhil had given hostages, and who had not given rent or tribute to 
the king of the Saxons, was killed by his own Gaeidhil and some of 
the foreigners at Dun-Da-Leath-ghlas." 

The notice of this battle by the Anglo- Irish Annalists are curious 
though brief. Clyn notices it as follows : 

" A.D. 1260. O'Neyl, regulus Ultonie occiditur cum multo populo 
apud civitatem de Duno, dominica infra octavas Ascensionis." 

In Grace's Annals the death of O'Neill is incorrectly entered under 
the year 1259 : 

" A.D. 1259. Stephanus de E^onga Spata Justiciarius. Interfectus 
O'Neil ad Dunum." 

In Dowlirig's Annals this battle is incorrectly entered under the year 
1258, thus 

"A.D. 1258. Stephanus de Longe Espee Justiciarius Hibernie 


Anno 42 Henrice 3, interfecit O'Nel cum 352 ejus familiaribus in vico 
cle Down." 

These Anglo-Irish authorities have been followed by Dr. Hanmer 
and Sir Richard Cox, who writes in his Hibernia Anglicana, p. 69, 
that " Stephen de Long Espee, Lord Justice, encountered O'Neale, 
and slew him and three hundred and fifty-two Irishmen in the streets 
of Down." 

From these Anglo-Irish authorities the following brief notice of the 
battle has been inserted in the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 
fallen, which was compiled in 1760: 

"A.D. 1258 [1260] Brian Catha-an-Duin, son of Niall Ruadh, 
son of Aodh O'Neill, was slain at Dun-da-leath-ghlas by the English 
under the command of the Lord Justice Stephen de Long Espee, and 
a great slaughter was made of the chiefs of Cineal-Eoghain. The 
transaction happened on Sunday, and his head was carried to London." 

But Dr. Leland, who had the translation of the old Annals of Innis- 
fallen made in 1665 by Dudley Mac Firbisse for Sir James Ware, of 
which he had a copy in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, writes 
of this battle as follows : 

" Ireland, in the mean time, felt all the melancholy effects of a 
feeble government, an aspiring nobility, laws suspended and controuled, 
factions engendered by pride and oppression, the anarchy of the old 
natives, the injustice of the new settters, local feuds, and barbarous 
massacres. Brian O'Nial of Tirowen, who with his principality in- 
herited an inveterate aversion to English government, rose up in arms, 
compelled some neighbouring chiefs to join his standard, and spread 
confusion through all the North. Stephen Long Espee was called out 
to oppose him, and notwithstanding some advantage gained in the field, 
would have found it difficult to suppress this insurrection, had not the 
Irish prince fallen by the treachery of his own people. (Ann. Innisf. 
M.S.)" History of Ireland, vol. I. p. 230. 

The poem affords us curious glimpses into the distracted state of 
Ireland at the period to which it refers, and into the kind of mo- 
narchical sway which the family of O'Neill claimed over all Ireland. 
The bard boasts of victories which Brian O'Neill and his ancestors had 
gained in their own province over their immediate neighbours in 


Eastern Ulster and over the Kindred Race of Tir-Conaill. He next 
speaks of the proud circumstance, that Brian's ancestors had in their 
hall a chess-board formed of the bones of their hereditary enemies, the 
Leinstermen, which is rather a barbaric boast in 1260. The only fact 
referred to, worthy of an Irish prince of the house of Niall, or which 
could be considered national glory, is the carrying off the hostages 
and the tribute of the foreigners or Danes of Dublin. Not a single 
victory over the English is referred to, and the bard had nothing to 
say on that subject except that they had achieved nothing in Ulster 
till they slew his hero. 






a (" Dockquerye's" in the MS.) 

\_Mus. Brit. Bibl. Earl. No. 357, fol. 235, .] 


MY good, and right deare ffrinde, b Althoughe I doe not accustome 
my selfe, to describe, or Blason the Actions and servyces of the 
state, (knoweing well that in giveinge suche as deserve it, their dewe 
Comendations, I shalbe offensive to others, emulateinge the same, 
or in detracteinge any parte therof ffrom those vnto whome it is dewe, 
I shall rightlye displeas them,) yett the manye ffavoures and ffrind- 
shipp I haue receyved at your handes, and the good opinyon I stande 
Assured yow houlde of myne Affection towardes yow, doe presse me to 
deliver it ; (seeinge you have soe often and earnestly requested me 
therevnto.) This discourse of the late servyces Luckelye exployted in 
Connaught by Sir Richard Byngham, Knight, governor ffor hir Ma- 
jestie there, that is, the servyce against the Bourcks within the Countie 
of Mayo, uppon their Revolte, and the servyce agaynst the Scotts of 
the out Ilandes, uppon their Invasion of the said Provynce; which 
Discourse, ffor the Better vnderstandinge of it effectuallye, must 
needes take Beginninge at the Cawse and ffoundacion of the said 
Troubles. And althoughe I doubte not, but you houlde a good opinyon 
of my playne and vnpartiall Penn, in like matters, yett ffor the Better 
Creditt of the truthe therof, I send you this Discourse Conffirmed 
vnder the handes, and Testimonyes of diverse Captaynes and gentle- 
men which were imployed in the said services. This Discourse (in as 
much as the Toyle, and Travayle therof [whereof it treatheth] was ex- 

b My good fyc.jffrinde. Nothing has friend of our author was. 
been discovered to show who this 


ceedinge paynefull, the Contynuance of the Journye Longe without in- 
termission, the successe therof ffortunate, theVictorye Atchieved without 
the Losse of any of our parte, the overthrowe given to the Enemye soe 
greate, as the Like hath seldome or never bene harde of in Ireland be- 
fore) Contayneth an Acrion, altogether Heroicall, and worthie to be 
Comytted to Meniorye, in this, or such other Like manner ensueinge. 
In the Moneth of September, in the yeare of our Lorde 1585, 
at a Sessions houlden at Doonnemonie, c in the Countie of Mayo, 
within the Provynce of Connaught, by Sir Richard Byngham, Knight, 
cheiffe Commissioner, and Governor of the said Provynce, (Sir Ni- 
cholas White, Master of the Rolls, then beinge, present, and imployed 
with him, ffor the perffectinge of the last Composition,* 1 made within 
the said Provynce) the Countye of Mayo, and the whole Countrye 
stoode then in generallitye, thoroughe the good, and polleticque go- 
vermnente, and the iust, and upright dealinge of the said Sir Richard 
Byngham, on peaceable and quiett Tearmes, without any fface of 
Alteration ; and the most parte of the gentlemen, and ffreehoulders, 
of that Countrye, resorted to the said Sessions before, nevertheles 
when nowe by means of this Composition and Agreemente Betweiie 
hir Majestic and them, they perceyved that the names, Tytles, and 
superioretyes of their Cheiffe Lordes, and especiallye of Mac William, 
the Cheiffest of the Septs of that Countrye, should Cease, extinguishe, 
and ffor ever after be determyned, it did not a Little greive them ; 
Althoughe somme of them not longe before, had expostulated the 
Like refformation. The Plott of this Composition was devised by- 
Sir Richard of purpose to take awaye the greatnes of the Irishe 
Lordes, with their names, macks and Oes ; e that the infferyor Sub- 

c Doonnemonie, in Irish t>uij-t)A-Tt)OT)<\, published in Hardiman's edition of 

i.e. fort of the bog, now Dunamona, a OTlaherty's lar-Connaught, p. 331 

townland containing the ruins of a cas- to 338. It was signed on the 1 3tli 

tie, situate near the boundary of the day of September, 1585. 
parishes of Rosslee and Drum in the e Their names, Macks and Oes. 

barony of Cearra [Carra] and County Sir Henry Docwra does not appear to 

of Mayo. See Annals of the Four Mas- have known that the Bourkes of Mayo 

ters, Ed. ,T. O'D. A.D. 1592, p. 1911. were of Anglo-Norman descent. It 

d Composition. See the document is worthy of remark also that the 


jecte might be ffreed ffrom their Irishe Customes, Cuttings, and vn- 
reasonable exactions, and (by knoweinge what was theire owne) be 
drawne to depende ever after vppon the State, and not on those Irishe 
Lordes, or gentlemen ; which alsoe might not onlye muche Avayle hir 
Majestic in tyme of any stirres, or Revolts, by draweinge the Com- 
mon People, ffrom (following the greate Cheiffe Lordes, But alsoe 
bringe a more Certayner, yearlie Rent, or revenewe, into hir Highnes 
Coffers then fformerlye was accustommed, when the People perceyued 
theise their oulde Custommes, and Vseages like to take ende, they 
devised with themselves, ffor the Preventinge therof, and accordinge 
to their oulde accustomed manner, ever by them vsed in all their dis- 
contments, they tooke upp their weapons, Armed them against the 
State, thinckinge by stirres, and Broyles to wynne the Revocation of 
their setled, and determyned resolution, arid soe to be left agayne in 
the oulde Custommes, and vseages. 

This their purpose Appeared in one Thomas Roe Bourke, a Cheiffe 
gentleman of that Sept, whoe at this verye instannte dureinge the said 
Sessions at Doonnemonie kept himselfe, within a stronge Castell of 
his standinge in an Ilande on Loghe Maske, euen within the sight of 
the Governor and the other Commissioners reffuseing to come at them, 
Albeit they had severall tymes sent ffor him ; Sir Richard Byngharn 
perceyveing that the Coales of Troubles were nowe Layde together, 
and woulde shortlye after kindle, and becomme an Angrye ffyer, yf 
the same were not polleticquelie, and warelye prevented, (dissemblinge 
the matter, as yf it were of noe Momente,) he bethought him of the 
best and safest remedy e, to meete with this inconveniencye ; And 
knoweinge well that those Bourks, had ever bene verye badd, and 
Loose People, suche as verye hardlye Contynued themselves Two yeares 
together within a dewe Course, or Compasse of obedyence, He sawe 
that the onlye waye to stoppe this gappe, was eyther to cutt of, or 

compiler of the Book of Howth Mac William Outragh, or the Lower 

thought that Mac William of Clan- Mac William of the Co. of Mayo. The 

rickard, who fought the Earl of Kil- truth is, that the Burkes of Connacht 

dare at Cnoc Tuagh [Knockdoe] near became so Irish that the nobility of 

Galway, was a mere Irishman, not of the English Pale affected to regard 

English or British descent, as well as them as of Irish descent. 


Apprehende, or Laye vpp in duraunce, as Pleadges, Two or three of 
the best of that septe ; suche as were most daungerous ffor the iu- 
scyteinge of stirres, and the draweinge of others into Action. And 
therffore vppon his retourne out of that County e to Roscoman, he 
dealte with the sherriffe of the Countie of Mayo, ffor the Apprehen- 
sion of the said Thomas Roe. The sherriffe not longe after sent his 
Suhsherriffe to putt the matter in execution ; whoe beinge resisted and 
Hurte by the said Thomas Roe, and not Able otherwise to Apprehend 
him, wounded him in such sorte, as he therof dyed. This Thomas 
Roe being thus slayne, was not much Lamented, noe not even of his 
owne Kindred, ffor he was an oppressor of them, and, doubtlesse, it 
was thought by wyse men, that the death of this man, and the Hange- 
inge of the others of that surname at Roscoman, (which had devised 
ffor the draweinge of Scotts into the Provynce) had prevented the 
stirres, and Troubles, that after ensued, and at that tyme seemed to 
have a Begininge, had not somme men depended on the state, 
(throughe envye and Mallyce to Sir Richard Byngham, and his good, 
and happie govermente) Perswaded divers others of that Sept of the 
Bourkes, to have a Care of themselves, to be vppon their Keepinge, 
and to trust noe offycer, nor to comme to any suche, tyll their Pardonns 
shoulde be by them procuered ffrom the Lord Deputye. Theise men's 
names I fforbeare to remember, because they have since that tyme 
made it Knowne before the Lorde Deputye, and Councell of the 
Realme, that in giveinge suche Caveatts, to the Bourks, they meante 
nothinge lesse, then to harten them into Rebellyon against the State, 
(And to Attempte suche badde Actions, as afterwardes they did; Of 
this Counsayle, the Bourks (which of themselves were sedicious 
enoughe, in whose myndes did still sticke the Abolisheinge, and take- 
inge awaye their Mac William, with their oulde Irishe Custommes and 
Cuttings,) tooke houlde, and converted the same to an Apte and Corn- 
odious occasion offered them ffor their Better Assemblinge together 
into a Convenyent number, And the more effectuallye to wynne the 
Hartes of manye men to followe this their en tended enterpryse, they 
made the Clanndonnells/ the Joyes, g and most of the Countrye Be- 

f Clanndonnells. They were a sept settled in Mayo at an early period, as 
of the Meic Domhnaill of Scotland, who Gallowglasses, under the Lower Mac 


leive, that Sir Richarde Byngham haveinge allreadye taken ffroni these 
men their Auncyent Custommes and Libertyes, woulde alsoe deliver 
the like measure to them, and take from them, alsoe their Lyves, yf 
they did not well Looke vnto themselves. By this meanes they drewe 
manye vnto them, persvvadeing themselves, that they might saffelye 
Assemble together in Company 68, without ffeare of interruption; ffor 
by the ffrindshipp of their fforesaid Councellors, which weare in 
Dublyn, their Assemblyes shoulde there be thought as a thinge by them 
donne ffor their deffence and saffetye. They alsoe knewe that Sir Richard 
Byngham, beinge restrayned ffrom ffollowinge them, in this, or other 
their Actions, without direction ffrom Dublyn, coulde not stopp, or 
prevent them in their ffirst begininge, by reason whereof they woulde 
in shorte tyme, drawe together, and Joyne to them, the greatest parte 
of the Countrye, whereof somme shoulde be dravvne to Assist them in 
open Hostilletye and some others in secrett and vnderhande dealinge, 
of which sorte the latter shoulde still seeme subjects, and lyve (as neere 
as they coulde) in the Bosomme of the State ; And to make themselves 
the stronger, and drawe the whole Province into Action with them, 
they gave it fforth, that their Case, was every man's Case, within the 
same ; And that as their Auncyent Custommes arid Liberty es were in- 
ffringed, and their Lyves sought to be taken awaye, soe shoulde it alsoe 
ffeare with the rest of the said Provynce ; And here ffor an entraunce, 
into this Rebellyon, The sonnes of Edmond Bourke of Castell 
Barrye, h beinge manye (which Edmond, was an oulde man, and of 
the Competitors of the Mac Williamshippe, and a most badd affected 
member to the State, and his wyfe as Badd as himselfe, together with 
Edmond Kerraghe Bourke, Ryccard Bourke, the Divell's Hook's 
sonne, 1 Moyler Oge Bourke, Walter Mac Davie Bane ; Cahir Mac 

William Burke. At this period Fer- Atj-btyAttttAjsl), i.e. Barry's Castle, now 

raghe Mac Tirlaghe Roe of Carrick- Castlebar, the head town of the Co. 

rnadye, Gent., was chief of this sept. of Mayo. See Genealogies, Sfc. of the 

See lar-Connaught, p. 331. Ui-Fiachrach, p. 161. 

sJoyes, i.e the Joyces of the barony * The Divell's Hook's sonne. By this 

of Ross, in the North West of the he intends to translate H)AC deATtjAjt) 

County of Galway. ATJ cotxfi&ft), i.e. the son of the Demon 

h Castell Barrrye, in Irish C-AjrleArj- of the reaping-hook. 



Connell, k and divers others associeatinge vnto them, manye Idle Per- 
sons, entred into a Castell in Loghe Maske, called Castell Necallye, 1 
and manned the same, together with Thomas Roe's Castell, after 
Thomas Roe's death, was now in the possession of his brother Riccard 
Bourke, called the Pall of Irelande ; which Castells they kept in Re- 
bellyous manner against the State, reffuseinge to comme [in] at [the 
command of] any of hir Majestie's offycers. 

Aboute this tyme Sir Richard Byngharn, laye at the seidge of Clann- 
owen n in Thowmond, a stronge Pyle, Manned and kept against, hir 
Majestic by Mahowne Obryan, a most daungerous enemye to the State, 
A cheiffe Champion of the Popes, and a greate practyzer with fforraigne 
Powers, ffor the Invasion of this Realme of Ireland ; Att this seidge Sir 
Richard Byngham, had but one Hundred Englishe Souldiers, and 
sornme ffewe Kearne of the Countrye, by reason wherof, he was dryuen 
to noe small payne in skyrmishinge, Watchinge, and Wardinge, with soe 
ffewe men; nevertheless within seaven dayes he wanne the Castell, and 
slewe the said Mahowne Obryan, and the warde within, and Razed the 
said Castell, without the ffurtheraunce of any greate Ordynaunce. After 
that Sir Richard Marched ffrom this Castell, to Castell Necallye, within 
the which, the Traytors were, and enclosed themselves. Att his ffirst 
Commeinge thether heparlyed with them, advyceinge them to Remem- 
ber the obedyence which they owed to hir Majestie, and to yeilde them- 
selves to hir Majestie's Mercye, Assureinge them that in soe doeinge, 
they shoulde ffinde that ffavoure in all respects, that other hir Highnes 
Subjects did, but they, (myndeing nothinge lesse then to submitt them- 
selves, on any suche conditions) saide they woulde not doe any Hurte, 
but eep themselves there in saffetye, ffor that they were fiearffull to 

k Cahir Mac Conne.ll. By this he " fAl o ej^tjt), i. e . the hedge to Ire- 

means CAcAejtt 2f)AC t>l)OTi}t)A]U, i.e. land," by the Four Masters. 

Cahir or Charles Mac Donneil. n Clannowen, in Irish Cttu]t) fcub&jtj, 

i Castell Necallye, Cxxirle&tj i)A CAjl- i.e, Dubhan's, or Duane's lawn or 

Il5e, i.e. the Hag's Castle, a round meadow, now Clonoan Castle in the 

Castle on an artificial island in Lough parish of Kilkeedy, about six miles to 

Mask near Ballinrobe in the County the north-east of Corofin, Co. of Clare. 

of Mayo. See Annals of the Four Masters, Ed. 

m The Pall of Irelande. He is called J. O'D. A.D. 1586, p. 1584, note x . 


trust any Englishe man, Alleadginge manye ffrivelous and impertynent 
Causes, moveinge them to stande vpon their guarde ; Herevppon Sir 
Rychard proceeded to Beseige them in the said Castell, which was a 
stronge round ffortresse, errected farre within the Loghe, vppon a small 
Compasse of grounde soe scanted by the Wall, that scarce a standinge 
place was left vnto it ; The seidge was all by water, in Boats, and coulde 
not otherwyse, bee Attempted, Insoemuche as Sir Richarde goinge aboute 
to Bourne a Boate, or two of theirs, that they had docked, and layde 
upp vnder the Castell wall, to the ende they might not escape awaye, 
and that alsoe he might Watche and Warde them, with ffewemen (havve- 
inge but a small Companye there ; and those alsoe soore wearyed, 
Bruised with stones, and galled with shott, at the Seidge of Clanowen) 
was fforced by the suddayne ryseinge of Contrarye weather, which 
muche flavoured the enemye, to Leaue the Attempt with the losse of 
one of his Boats, and Two or three of his souldiers, himselfe, and others 
beinge in the said Boate, hardlye escaped, by the Healpe of other Boats, 
which other Boates came not in tyme to his succoure, thoroughe the ne- 
gligence of suche as he had put in Truste with them, and Appoynted to 
come, and loyne with him ; The Boate which he soe Lost, the enemyes 
gatt, in which and in another Boate of their owne, before Sir Richard 
coulde retourne to chardge them with a ffreshe supply e ffrom his Campe, 
Lyeinge on the shoare ; they Shipped themselves, and with greate scel- 
eritye, escaped into the woodes, ffearinge that at the next chardge Sir 
Richard woulde have wonne the Castell. 

Captain Mordante, and others, had the Chase of them by water ; 
Theise Traytors beinge thus escaped, to the woodes and Mountaynes, 
out of Castell Ne Callye, their accomplishes alsoe ffledd out of the other 
Castell, both which and one stronge Pyle of ffarroghe Mac Donnells, 
Sir Richard Razed to the grounde, ffor that they were not fitt, or stoode 
serviceable to be kept to the Englishe, and were verye daungerous to be 
in the possession of the Irisherye ; Riccard Bourke, alias the pall of 
Irelande, a man of noe small accompte amonge his septe, and all the 
illaffected Irisherye repayred to Sir Richard, at his ffirst commeinge to 

o Farr within 'the Loghe, &c. This on the east side of Lough Mask ; but 
is not very accurate, for this castle is the remaining part of the description 
on an artificial island close to the land is correct. 


Castell Ne Callye ; beinge indeede the Cheiffe of their Conffederacye ; 
This man under Cullor of dutyefull Subieetion, intended to haue Be- 
trayed Sir Richard, and all his Companye, but (intelligence herof be- 
inge given, and manye Apparaunte prooffes had of his Trayterous 
intentions, and devyses) this pall of Irelande was soone executed, by 
Martiall Lawe, p This man was assuredlye the most daungerous mem- 
ber in all the Countye of Mayo, especiallye ffor the draweing in of 
Scotts, a thinge, which Sir Richard ever doubted, and which the 
Bourks, ondoubtedlye entended. 

After this the Governor Sir Richard Bingham tooke order ffor the 
ffollowinge of those Bourks to the Woodes, and Mountaynes, which 
weare nowe growne to somme iiij. xx swordes, he Levyed somme fforces 
on the Country e, and with them, and his owne Companye of a Hun- 
dred Souldiers, he soe haunted them ffrom Bushe to Bushe, and Hill 
to Hill, that in shorte tyme, noe newes was to be heard, where anye 
of them were. 

After this the gentlemen of the Countrye (which had not Combyned 
with them, seeinge the Rebells to be dry v en to their hooles, and ffast- 
nesses, in Hideinge manner, by meanes wherof the Souldiers coulde 
doe nothinge vppon them, offerred to Sir Richard, that yf he woulde 

p This Pall of Irelande was soone hand, and seven more of the councell 

executed by Martiall Lawe. The death of the province, which were present 

of this young chief caused a great at that time, and witness to the whole 

sensatiou at the time. It formed one proceeding ; and likewise with the 

of the forty-three articles of complaint consent of the best gentlemen of the 

against Sir Richard Bingham delivered countrie themselves, Sir Richard hav- 

to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, A.D. ing no other mean of ordinary trial at 

1595 ; and to it Sir Richard made the that time, by reason of the great 

following answer : " Richard Oge, troubles ; and that he was worthily 

commonly called the Perall of Ire- executed, and the same no manner of 

land, was well and worthily [i.e. de- discontentment or fear to any, appeare 

servedly] executed likewise, for, pre- by the aforesaid certificate, under all 

tending to do service, laide a plot in their hands ; but all those matters Sir 

deed to bring in Scotts, and raise a Richard hath answered before, and of 

generall rebellion within that county, this is acquitted by the councell." Sec 

having made his castle for that same Hardiman's Edition oj C? Flaherty's 

purpose, as appeareth by an act then Chorographical Description of West 

sett down under the said Sir Richard's or lar-Connaught, p. 186. 


drawe his fforces out of the Countrye, they would vndertake the ser- 
vyce, against the Rebells and eyther kyll them, or Banishe them at 
their owne Cost, and Chardges without Abateing any pennye of the 
Composition Rents, dewe to hir Majestic by them, in Leiwe therof; 
Heervnto Sir Richard Assented, and ffindeinge it a good Pollecye to sett 
one of them, against another: But heere (haveinge these bad Bourks, 
at a greate advauntage, and in a harde distresssed Case) when they 
were thus, at the lowest ebb ; Sir Richard receyved especyall Chardge, 
and straight Commaundemente ffrom the Lorde Deputye to Protecte 
them, and he receyved alsoe a Protection readye signed, by the Lorde 
Deputye to Protecte them, which thinge thoughe the matter and man- 
ner muche greived him, he handled it in the best sorte he Coulde to 
save the Creditt of the State, and wrought devyses to dryve them to 
seeke their Protections, which when they did he graunted, it vnder 
his owne hande, and the Seale of the Provynce, as fformerlye was 
accustommed, and in suche Cases, ought to be done. But al thoughe 
this was Closely e handled by the Governor Sir Richard Byngham, yett 
the Bourks had intelligence that the Lorde Deputye had Protected 
them; and Comaunded the Governor to perfforme it; which, as is to 
be gathered, they had learned from some well willers of theirs out of 
Dublyn; This made the gentlemen verye Highe, and Haughtie 
mynded, and was to them a Soveraigne Preparatyve, ffor to vnderstate 
newe, and greate stirres, and Broyles, then before they had begonne, 
ffor the Peace beinge suche, as the State offered it ; and they sought it 
not, Contynued but a smale tyme ; Althoughe they had given in a 
simple Pleadge, ffor the perfformaunce therof, After the Bourks were 
thus Protected, Sir Richard Byngham repayred to his dwellinge 
Howse, and ffrom thence (vppon occasions) to Dublyn, where he had 
not longe stayed, when the Bourks revolted agayne now the seconde 
tyme, Joyneinge vnto them, the Clangibbons,^ the Clandonnells ; and 
the Joyes, in ffar greater number then before, which said Joyes, the 
more to manifesto their Badde, and Trayterous intentions, and the 
better to Assuer their Complyces, of their ffast dealinge in this Com- 

<J Clanngibbons, i.e. the Gibbons lar- the County of Mayo. 
Umhall in the barony of Murrisk, in 


bynation, Murthered Certayne of the Officers of Yerconnaught/ and 
their men, to the number of xv ten or xvi ten . Aboute this tyine order 
came ffrom the Lorde deputy ffor the leauinge of men within this 
Provynce, ffor the servyce in the Lowe Countryes, the Bruyte wherof, 
and the repayer hether of ffrancis Barckelye, sent by the Lorde De- 
putye ffor the Leavyeinge of the said men, Caused manye Idle men, 
whoe had noe zeale, to serve beyonnde the Seas, to Joyne withernselves, 
with the said Bourks, then in Action against hir Majestic, Add thus 
thesis Bourkes (haveinge had an interim of Peace, and a Pawseinge 
tyme to gather Heade agayne, and encrease their fforces, stoode on 
verye Loftie tearmes, and saide they woulde have a Mac William or els 
they woulde goe into Spayne ffor one; Alsoe they woulde have noe 
Sherriffe within that Countie, nor be subiect to Aunsweare, in Appear- 
aunce, at any Assize or Sessions. Theise Poynts, and Tearmes, they 
stoode on, and Articled the same accordingly e, with many other vn- 
reasonable demaundes, which they woulde haue to be graunted, or 
otherwyse they woulde in noe wyse yeilde to have Peace with the State. 
Att the begininge of this second Revolte, ffor that the Governor was 
willinge to have drawne them to Peace, (yf by any reasonable meanes 
he might have done the same without any indignetye to the State) he 
sent vnto them Commissioners, vizt. the Lorde Archbishopp of Tuam, 
the Lord Bremingham, Barron of Athenrye, Thomas Dillon, Esq. 
Justice of the Province, Gerralde Commerfforde, Esq. Attournye of 
the same, and others, to Parlye with them, And to examyne the cause 
of those their insolent Attempts; vnto whome they Aunsweared in 
effect as afforesaid, deliveringe them the said Articles in wryteinge, 
And even dureinge the tyme of the Commissioners Aboade in the 
Countrye, they did not fforbeare to Bourne, and spoyle the same. 
All which notwithstandinge a tyme of Peace was graunted, vppon Con- 
ditions in a sorte to their likeinge ffor viij th dayes by the said Com= 
missioners, that in the meane tyme, the Lorde Deputy e's pleasure 
might be signeffyed, to the Governor, howe he woulde have them to 
be Proceeded withall ; and direction sent accordinglye. But, (after 
this alsoe was graunted them) the Commissioners were noe sooner de- 

Yerconnauyht, fan Cljoiw^cc, i.e. West Connaught. 


parted out of those Parts, then they begann to Breake downe divers 
Casttles, and to Bourne manye Townes in the Playne, and Champion 
Barronyes, And the more to make knowne their Trayterous, and wicked 
Purposes, they Proceeded, agaynst hir Majestic in most odious, and 
vndutiefull speeches ; sayeinge, what have we to doe with that CALI- 
AGHE ; s howe vnwyse are we, beinge soe mightie a nation, to have binn 
soe longe Subiecte to a woeman ; The Pope and the Kinge of Spayne, 
shall have the rule of vs, and none other. Sir Richard (not withstand - 
inge all this) did fforbeare to rayse fforces, and to serve vppon them, 
( greatly e to his disadvauntage) fFor that he had receyved manye, and 
earnest Cawtions, ffrom the Lord Deputye, to fforbeare the Begininge 
of any warre against them, But in the meane tyme the Rebells grewe 
to bee verye stronge, And were nowe increased to the number of vij. 
or viij. hundred men ; and had alsoe sent Edmond Kerraghe Bourke, 
and John Itcleave,* Brother to Walter Kittaghe u Bourke, to Practyce 
with the Scotts, and to drawe them into the Provynce, to their succour 
and Ayde, Advertyseinge the Scotts, by the said Messengers, that the 
tyme was then to subdewe Connaught, ffor the Queene had ffewe or 
noe Souldiers in the Realme, they weare all imployed into the Lowe 
Country es, This ffyer kindled, and fflamed in suche soarte, that nowe 
it was Highe tyme to take in hand the quencheinge therof. Nevertheles 
Sir Richard of himselfe durst doe nothinge against them, ffor that he 
was Advised, and willed by the Lorde Deputye, to doe nothinge in 
that Case without his Lordshipp's Advyce, and direction, which (when 
he had Longe looked ffor it,) at length he receyved, although e somme- 
what Late, the effect wherof was, that the said Lorde Deputye and the 
Councell, Concurred in opinyon with Sir Richard, that the Conditions 
which the Bourks requyred were soe vnreasonable, as neyther subiecte 
ought to demaund them, ne yett the State (without greate indignetye) 
coulde yeilde vnto them ; and therffore resolued, and willed Sir Richard 
to Prosecute them with suche fforces, as he had, or could Leavye, ex- 
cepte he coulde ffynde them to stande on more dewtifull Tearmes 
then affore is saide, Herevppon, the Governor Leavyed suche fforces, as 

s Caliayhe, cAjUexxc, a hag. Queen t John Itcleave, Seaxxtj <v c-rl6|be i.e. 
Elizabeth was just fifty-two years old John of the mountain. 
at tin's time. 


he thought, might suffyce to Aunsweare the servyce, both effectually e, 
and speedelye, ffor he ffounde, and sawe, that Lingringe servyce could 
not but greatlye Chardge hir Majestie, and muche encourage the 
enemye, A softe, kind of warre, that hath bin to, to longe vsed in 
this Realme. 

Ffirst haveinge taken Order, ffor the Assuraunce of the Country e 
behinde him, He Marched towardes the Countie of Mayo, the xii of 
Julye, 1586, wtth his owne Garryson fforces, which were a: C : ffoote- 
men, and ffiftye Horsemen; and camme to Ballinroba; the xiiij th daye 
of the said Moneth ; Heere he spent, vi : or vij en : dayes, as well in 
Parlyeinge with the said Bourks, as alsoe in gatheringe of his whole 
fforces, togeather, Hether camme to him, the Earle of Clanrickarde, 
with xxx tie : Horsemen, and : C : Kearne, alsoe manye gentlemen of 
the Country e camme hether, namely e, the Lorde Bremingham, Lorde 
Barren of Athenrye ; Sir Hubbert Mac Dauie, Knight/ Teig O'Kellye, w 
and divers others. Hether camme in the supplye alsoe of fforces which 
he had Leavyed within the Provynce, viz. C : ffootemen of Captain 
Mordants, A : C. ffootemen vnder Captain Merry eman, and a C. 
ffootemen vnder Captain Mostean; Besides divers Companyes of 
Lighte Kearne, to the number of vi. or vii. C, and there haveinge em- 
ployed the Earle of Clanrickarde, the ArchebisHopp of Tuam, the 
Bishopp of Killmore, the Lord Bremingham, Thomas Dillon Justice 
of the Provynce, and others, in Parlyeinge with the Bourks one daye, 
and ffindeinge that noe reasons nor perswasions, might wynne them to 
Peace, He executed certayne of their Pleadges, which they before had 
put in ffor their Loyaltie, and good behaviour ; (ffor it Appeared to 
this Polleticque, and wyse gentleman, Sir Richard Bingham, that the 
spareinge of Rebells Pleadges heretofore, have done noe small hurte 
in this Realme, by encourageinge them to yll Actions, trustinge vppon 
the accustommed mercye, showed to the like Pleadges.) And then he 

Walter Kittaghe, b^cfe^ C/CAC, i.e. County of Galway. 
Walter the left-handed. w Teig O'Kellye, 465 

v Sir Hubbert Mac Davie, Knight. He was chief of a sept of the O'Kellys 

He was chief of that sept of the of Ui- Maine, from 1585 to 1593, and 

Burkes called Mac Davids, seated at lived in the Castle of Mullach mor. 
Glinske, near the river Suck in the 


Marched to the Abbye of Ballentubber,* the xxij th of Julye, and 
ffrom thence, he sent his fforces of ffootemen, and Kearne into the 
Mountaynes, and Woodes, to seeke the Rebells in their ffastnes, which 
afforesaid fforces, was Leade by Captain John Byngham, whoe had the 
Chardge of the garryson Bande, which behaved himselfe soe well ther- 
in, that within the space, of vj : or vij en : weekes, they all submitted 
themselves to the State; himselfe with the Earle of Clanrickarde and 
their Horsemen kepte the Champion and Playne Countrye ; as well 
ffor the deffence of hir Majestie's good Subiects in those partes, as 
alsoe to keepe the enemye ffrom escapeinge awaye ffrom the fforces, 
sent into their ffastnes ; Aboute this tyme, there camme an espyall out 
of Mounster, beinge sent, yf it were as he saide, as a Messenger 
ffrom those parts to ffrancis Barckely, Provost Marshall of Connaught ; 
This espyall the more to encourage the Tray tors, and to Annymate 
others to Joyne with them, gave it fforth that the Earle of Leceister 
was slayne in the Lowe Countryes, And the most of the Englishe, 
fforces overthrowne there ; That there weare Twoe greate Armyes of 
Spanyardes landed in England, and that there was a greate Navye of 
Spanishe Shippes in Baltimore ; y That the Kinge of Scotts, was in 
Araies against hir Majestic, and that hir Highnes was sicke and in 
greate daunger of death ; vppon which vntrue seditious Rumoure, and 
reporte, Sir Richard Caused the Author, and Messenger therof, beinge 
a badd Runnegate, [renegade] to be executed by Martiall Lawe. 

And nowe the fiootemen within the Mountaynes, and himselfe in 
the Champion, soe hunted the Bourks and their Accomplyces, ffrom 
place to place, that within the space of three weeks, they begann to be 
Tame, and they had taken ffrom them in that tyme, the number of 
iiij er : or v. Ct. Hearde of Cattle, whereof Sir Richard Byngham re- 
served towardes the defrayeinge of the extraordinarye Chardges of the 
Journye, the number of One Thowsand ; All the rest were bestowed 
on the Captaines and their Companyes, and the offycers of the ffeilde, 
as Bootye, accordinge the Custome in this Countrye services, or els 
given to the Kearne, and light ffootemen, as a Consideration of their 

x Ballentubber, in Irish t>Ajle At) co- y Baltimore, called by the Irish 
bAjn, i.e. the town of the well, Bal- Dun na sead, a small town in the 
lintober in the County of Mayo. south of the County of Cork. 


entertaynements, which thervppon were dischardged, and dismissed 
from that service ; Besides the depriveinge theise Rehells of their 
Cattle, as afforesaid, there were slayne of them aboute the number of 
v. or vj xx : of all sortes. The rest in shorte tyme after divided them- 
selves, fflyeinge ffrom Caue to Caue, and ffrom one grove of Woode to 
another, where they might best Hide themselves, sendinge in Messen- 
gers to the Governor to Beseeche him of Mercye, and Pardon, and 
offeringe to submitt themselves with all Humblenes; Heerevppon it 
was, when they were thus broken, that the Governor discharged the 
Kearne he had as afforesaid ; together with all Irishe Horsemen, of 
severall Partes of the Province, Contentinge all of them, eyther with 
some Portion of the Prayes, and Bootyes, gotten, or els with his owne 
Monye ; His owne Horsemen, and ffootmen, and the Three Bandes 
of supplyes afforesaid, he stayed from the service, ffor a space, as well 
to reffreshe them as alsoe to give tyme and Leave to the Enemyes to 
come in ffreelye without ffeare, which otherwise woulde have possessed 
them, had the fforces bin still vpp, and downe, in the woodes. Theis 
beinge done, they submitted themselves one after another in sorte ffol- 
lowinge, vizt. Ewster Mac Donnell Cheiffe of the Galloglasses came in, 
submitted himselfe, put in his sonne Pleadge ffor himselfe, and his 
septe. The next Edmond Bourke Mac Richarde Enerrine, one of the 
strongest amongst them, sonne to the last Mac William saue one, came 
in and submitted himselfe, giveinge in his sonne as Pleadge ; After 
whome William Bourke, alias the Blynde Abbott, the Cheiffe of that 
Sirname ; Edmond Burke of Castle Barrye beinge dead, which 
Claymed to be Mac William, submitted himselfe verye Humbly e, 
offerringe one of his sonnes as Pleadge; But ffor that Sir Richard liked 
not the sonne that he offerred, But demaunded his eldest sonne, whome 
he knew to be a good Pleadge) he departed agayne ; yett within Twoe 
dayes after when he sawe the Governor woulde have sent in his fforces 
amongst them agayne, He camme to him, submitted himselfe, and 
brought his eldest sonne ffor a Pleadge. 

Moyler Oge Bourke submitted himselfe ; the Joyes did in like man- 
ner submitte themselves, and alsoe Riccard Bourke, alias the Divell's 
Hook's sonne, all theise gave in good Pleadges ; ffor the observation 
of the Peace. 


These men vppon their submission were soe Pyned awaye /Tor want 
of ffoode, and soe ghasted with ffeare within, vij en or viij th weeks, by 
reason, they were soe roundlye ffollowed, without any interim of rest, 
that they looked rayther like to ghosts then men ; Edmonde Bourk's 
sonne of Castell Barry e, persisted still, in the Action ; Their ffather 
was the man, whome they sought to have made Mac William till he 
was executed, by Course of the Common Lawe; This man was very 
oulde ; yett was he put to death, ffor theis Causes ensewinge : He 
was a noteable Traytor, and the encourager of his sonnes to this Ac- 
tion, dureinge whose lyfe, both they and he, had a hope he should be 
Mac William. To the ende therffore they shoulde be Carry ed awaye 
noe longer with the deceiptfull wings of this vayne hope, and soe the 
sooner drawne to submission, He was indicted, Arraigned, Condempned, 
ann executed, as in like Causes is accustomed : The Governor might 
have hanged him by Martiall Lawe, but rayther made Choyce to have 
it orderly e donne as afforesaid, to the ende hir Majestic might have his 
Landes, by Escheate vppon his Attaynder, (ffor he had a good quan- 
tetye, of Lande ; After this the said sonnes of Edmond Bourke; (see- 
inge their ffather, and in him all their hope dead) offerred to submitte 
themselves, soe as they might have enioyned their /Father's Landes ; 
But herein the Governor refferred them, to the resolution of the Lorde 
Deputye and Councell to be further Heard, in that poynte, which 
they some what Lyked of, and when they offered, the eldest Brother's 
sonne as Pleadge, But the Governor reffused to take any Childe, or 
other Pleadge, saveinge one of those Brethren, which were in number 
vi or vij en . But that they vtterlye denyed to doe, wherby it was well 
perceyved, they carryed verye badd intentions. 

At this tyme, whilest these men stoode thus vppon the pinche of 
submittinge them, newes came to the Governor that Twoe thowsand 
Scotts came over the Ryver of Earne towards Sligo, with Edmond 
Kirraghe 2 Burke, and John Itcleave, whoe were sent by the Bourks 
their kinsmen, as yow have hearde before, to drawe in those Scotts ffor 
the better deffence of their quarrell ; which Scotts were promised by 
the Burcks, that they shoulde inhabitt the Countrye ; soe as tliev 

7- Edmond Kirrayhe, C^itjoqn CeA|tb^c, i.e. Edmond the Gambler. 


woulde Banishe out the Englishemen, and deffende the said Tray tors ; 
Theise newes hindered a thoroughe Paciffication within the Countye 
of Mayo; neverthelesse this Provident and Circumspecte Governor, 
Sir Richard Bingham ; haveinge alreadye reduced, and brought things 
there, to soe good a state, as before is said,) dispatched the Earle of 
Clanrickarde with xxx tie or xl tie Horsemen, and Two Bandes of 
ffootemen, sendinge alsoe presentlye after them another Bande of 
ffootemen, All which Joined with George Bingham, Esq. Brother to 
the said Sir Richard ; whoe was then Sherriffe of the Countie of 
Sligoe, and Leavyed there some shott, and Horsemen, before the 
comeinge of the said fforces; Theise Companyes beinge thus vnyted; 
stoode vppon guarde, and deffence of the Borders, of the Provynce, 
which caused the Scotts, not to make soe muche, and soe greate 
hast to come fforwardes, as othenvyse they woulde have done. Sir 
Richard stayed in the Countie of Mayo ; a small tyme after the 
sendinge awaye of his saide Companyes, of Purpose to order things 
there more effectuallye, ffor the deffence of the Countie, and ffor the 
the Prosecution of those ffew badd Bourks, which yett contynued in 
Action against hir Majestie; which beinge done in suche good sorte, 
as the daunger and necessitye of that tyme coulde afforde ; he then 
sett fforwardes towardes Sligo, with a C. ffootemen, andxxv. Horsemen, 
that were remayneinge with him ; But vppon his settinge fforth, he 
had newes brought him, that the Scotts were drawne thoroughe 
O'Rowerks Countrye into the Mawgherry or Playnes, by Roscomman, 
to Praye, and spoyle the same ; By meanes wherof he Roade a greate 
daye's Journye, and came that night neere to Roscomman; and Laye that 
night iiij er Myles wyde ffrom it ; ffrom whence vnderstandinge contrarye 
that the Scotts were betwene Sligo, and Bundroues, a He roade the 
next day to the Towne of Sligo, beinge well nighe vj xx English Myles, 
But the ffootemen he left to marche awaye after him with as much 
convenyent speede as they might; his Highe waye was to pass by 
the Abbye of Boyle, where he ffounde Sir Thomas Le Strange, and 
others, the Ryseings out of the Countrye, whome he had Appoynted 
to Lye there, ffor the deffence of the Countie of Roscoman ; he left 

a Bundroues, but) t>iaobAeire, i.e. the drowes on the confines of the Counties 
mouth of the river Drobhaeis, Bun- of Donegal and Leitrim. 


them there ffor thattyme, and soe came to Sligo, thexxviii th of August. 
At his commeinge thether he was given to vnderstand, that the Scotts 
laye still encamped at the Earne, some on the one syde, and some 
on the other syde, to the number of soe manye as he was before ad- 
vertysed, with some increase of Horsemen, and ffootemen; ffor Sir 
Arthur Oneele, b and Hughe Mac Gwyer, had Ayded them, with some 
fforcees, so as their forces was aboute Two thowsand of Able men ; 
Besides woenien, Boyes, and Churles, wherof they had greate stoore, 
I take it neere as manye more with greate stoore of Carriadges. The 
comeinge of Sir Richard soe soone to Sligo, And the newes of the 
Paciffication, within the Countie of Mayo, made them staye Longe 
aboute the Earne, and Boundroies, eyther to expecte more 4 fforces, to 
come and Joyne with them, or some newe Broyles to be raysed, in the 
Countrye, behinde the Gouernor by their Conffederats, which might 
cause him to devide his fforces, which were then CCCC. Englishe and 
Irishe, and aboute vi xx Horsemen, Besides the Ryseings out of the 
Countrye, which weare aboute a C. Horsemen, and Two Hundred 
Kearne ; A fforce ffarr to weake to have encountred with the Scotts, 
excepte they might have bin gotten in A Champion grounde, To which 
1 ikeplace of disadvantage they had noe intention to come, ffor of the 
vii C. the Governor had CCC. which weare Irishe, And ffor the most 
parte men but newlye Trayned ; He wrote to the Lorde Deputye to 
sende him Two other Bandes of ffiftye Horsemen, ffor that there was 
noe Trust in the Irishe Horsemen, which Horsemen, and ffootemen (yf 
they had come sooner then they did) had eyther Cleane discouraged 
or sufficientlye withstoode the Scotts, ffrom Comeinge into the Province 
at all; Sir Richard laye at Sligo; and the ffoote of the Curlewes, c 
with his said fforces, ffrontinge the Scotts, and withstandinge their 
entrye into the Countrye; (expectinge still a supplye, ffrom the Lorde 
Deputye) the space of xiiii th Days. The Scotts draweinge on by 
Little and Little thoroughe O'Rowrks Countrye, vppon Mountaynes, 

b Sir Arthur Oneele. He was the c Curlewes, CoitxnfM^b, the Cur- 
son of Toirdhealbhach Luincach lieu hills, near the town of Boyle, 
O'Neill. He afterwards joined Sir on the confines of the counties of 
Henry Docwra. Roscommon and Sligo. 


Woodes, and Boggs, Towards the Curlewes, with intention, to passe 
that wayes into Mayo, encamped euer in suche ffastnes, as he coulde 
not by any naeanes come at them, without greate disanvauntage ; Att 
the Length, althoughe Sir Richard kept the Passage straightlye vppon 
them, (ffor the watchinge of which he was dryven to devide his 
Companies into Sundrye places ffarre distante, ffrom the other,) yett in 
an exceedinge ffowle Tempesteuous, and darcke night, they deceyved 
him ; ffor after he had Watched and waighted ffor their comeinge till 
Tenn of the Clocke at night (hearinge before night, that they had 
removed their Campe, and weare eyther goeinge backe agayne, in 
Comeinge towards him. He left to watche Abroade, anye Longer, 
and Bestowed himselfe, and his Companyes in places of succoure, 
which he did supposeinge that, (by reason of the Aboundaunce of 
Raigne which ffell that eveninge, their Longe Absence tyll that tyme 
of the night, and the wordes of Occonnor SHgo, which assured him 
that the said Scotts had encamped themselves agayne ffor that night. 
But shortlye after this, when the Scotts, by reason of some espyalls 
of their owne, or some Trayterous intelligence, out of the Governors 
Campe, had vnderstandinge that Sir Richard, and his Companye had 
reposed themselves to rest ; stale, Towards the Bridge of Kilnowney, d 
neare to which at a Castell, not ffar of Sir Richard ffor the deffence 
thereof, had placed his ffootemen and ffiftye Irishe Horsemen, and soe 
beinge come Privelye to the bridge Three or iiii er Hundred of them 
gate over the same, beffore the Englishe ffootemen came at them, whoe 
assone as they came in, Beate the Scotts, and wanne the Bridge ; But 
here the Irishe Horsemen did noe servyce at all, when the Allarum 
was, Sir Richard himselfe was at a place called Knockmilleyn, 6 about 
a Myle ffrom the Bridge, beinge alsoe another Passadge, where it was 
thought the Scotts woulde sooner have passed over then at the Bridge : 
Att this place, the Bridge weare the onlye straight and Passadge that 
Sir Richard knewe the Scottes coulde ffinde to passe over into the 
Countrye by ; but they contrarelye waded over at a ffourde, not ffarr 

tKilnowney, called by the Irish, Cul Owenmore and Owenbeg, in the 
Maeile and Cul-mhuine, Collooney, a county of Sligo. 
small town near the confluence of the c Knockmilleyn, Knockmillen. 


ffrom the Bridge, never before knowne by any of the Country e, that 
had or woulde conffesse the same to the Englishe, Sir Richard, and the 
Horsemen vppon the Allarum hasted with greate speede to the Bridge, 
and roade over the same without daunger, both of the enemye, and 
his owne Companye (ffbr the night was exceedinge darcke, and the 
Bulletts, and Arrowes mew to and ffroe, without regarde of any man, 
that might Marche, or ryde betwixt them ; yett he Chardged the Scotts, 
and kylled, and drowned aboute xl tie or l tie of them; The most parte 
of his Horsemen heere ffayled him; some because they were farre off; 
and the saide Irishe fforces, He removed with his owne ordinarj-e Com- 
pany es into the Barronye of Tyreraghe, which he Cheifflye did, ffor to 
save the praye of that Countrye, which was greate. He left the greate 
Mountaines of Slewgawe/ on the left hande, which were before on his 
Right, and Marched downe viii Myles into the said Baronie, Consiste- 
inge of playne grounde, with some Bogge in it of xx tie Myles in 
Length, Lyeinge all Alonge by the Sea ; In the same he came to a 
Towne or Village, called Ardglass/ where he Camped the second 
night, and haveinge intelligence by espyalls, that the enemye laye on 
the other syde of the Mountaynes, not ffarr ffrom an Abbye called 
Banned, 11 in a Mervaylous ffast and stronge grounde ; He tooke with 
him good gwardsh guideshipp : he passed the said Mountaynes, with 
his fforces, and encamped that night, at Oconroy, a Towne of the 
Bishopp of Ohartes. 1 Att his beinge heere he gave it fforth in Pollecye, 

f Slewgawe, in Irish, SljAb SATIJ, now h Banned, in Irish beAtjtjf obA, now 

Slievegamph, and sometimes trans- Banada, a village with the ruins of an 

lated, the Ox mountains, a long chain abbey near Tobercurry, in the barony 

of mountains on the borders of the of Leyny and county of Sligo. See 

baronies of Tireragh and Leyny, in Ui-Fiachrach, p. 480. 

the county of Sligo. i Oconroy, a towne of the Bishopp of 

sArdglass, called in Irish 2ln b i)A O'Harte's, in Irish 2lcA& CfjOT)A]txe, 

t)-5Ur, the height or hill of the locks Conaire's field, now Achonry, a parish 

or fetters, now Ardnaglass, a Castle church and seat of an ancient bishop- 

in ruins, situate in a townland rick in the barony of Leyny and 

of the same name in the parish of county of Sligo. The bishop here 

Skreen, barony of Tireragh, and referred to, was Eugene O'Harte, who 

county of Sligo. See Ui-Fiachrach, died in 1603. See Harris's Edition of 

p. 270, note g. and Ordnance Map of "Ware's Bishops, p. 660. Ibid. p. 477. 
the county of Sligo, Sheet 13. 


that the enemye was Marcheinge vpp through Gallwaye, towarde the 
Inner, and Civill Countryes, as the Lorde Bremingham's Country e, 
and the Countie of Roscomman, And thervppon he Hasted, by a 
greate daye's Marche to aCastell called Moygarie ; k which stoode in a 
straight, and in a ffitt, and Apte place to Aims were the servyce vppon 
them; yf they had passed into the said Countryes; Sir Richard did 
this, to drawe the Scotts, into an Assured Beleiffe, of their owne se- 
curettye to wynne suche advauntage of grounde of them, as after- 
wardes was gotten ; ffor uppon the newes of Sir Richarde's retourninge 
backe they grewe somewhat Careless, and perswaded themselues (as 
alsoe they were enfformed) that he was retourned home to Roscomman ; 
and durst not by reason of his small fforces, encounter with them ; as 
after shall Appeare. Well, lyeinge at Moygarie, the Moundaye, at 
vi. of the Clocke in the Afternoone, newes was brought him, ffrom his 
Brother George Byngham, that a Hundred ffootemen of Mr. Vice- 
presidents vnder the Conducte of Leivetennaunte Hunte, had passed 
the Curlewes ; wherevppon the Governor dispatched Messengers vnto 
them, whervppon they came vnto him the same night ; The Morrowe 
after beinge Tuesdaye, he removed to a Castle called Castlemore, 1 in 
Barony e of Castelloghe v Myles ffrom Moygarye, and a place as com- 
modious to Aunsweare the servyce as the other was; Heere came into 
him C. ffootemen of Sir William Stanlyes, vnder the leadinge of 
Leivtennante Jaques ; and ffiftye of Sir George Bowchers ffootemen, 
vnder the Conducte of Leivetennaunte Dare, with xxv tie Horsemen of 
Sir Henrye Harringtons, and xv ten of Mr. Wingfeilde's ; These men 
were brought in by Captain Grenn Omoley, whome he had sent fforth 
ffor that purpose vi or vii en dayes before. Lyeinge heere, Sir Richarde 
and his Companye were in some distresse ffor wante of Victualls, But 
he was supply ed by Captain Woodhowse, whoe brought him some 
Beiffs out of the Playne, and Champion Countryes ; Att this place, 

^Moygarie, in Irish 21) A Uj 5A&t^, Coolavin,and Co. of Sligo. Ibid. p. 494. 
i.e. O'Gara's field or plain, now Moy- * Castlemore, CA^rlexXi) njofi, i.e. the 

ogara or Moygara, a castle in ruins, great castle, now Castlemore-Costcllo, 

situate near the margin of Loch in the barony of Costello and county 

Techet or Lough Gara,in the barony of of Sligo. Ibid. p. 482. 


Sir Richard Byngham, with his Companyes Laye Tuesdaye and 
Wednesdaye till noone, ffor it was longe before, the Beiffe was killed, 
and made readye to sustayne them; By that tyme the espyalls which 
were before sent fforth to discover the Enernye, retourned, Bringinge 
newes, that their Last remove ffrom Clancarrie, m they tooke their waye 
toward es Ardnarye, n A Castle neare to Tyrawlie, and standinge on the 
Ryver of Moyne, thinckinge to passe that waye into the Barronye of 
Tyrawlie. This being knowne, Sir Richard dealte with his guyde, 
to bringe him the nearest waye he coulde thether. Att. xii. of the 
Clocke at noone, vppon Wednesday afforesaid, he removed ffrom Cas- 
tellmore, and Marched towardes the Abbye of Banned, all vnder the 
Heigh Woodes, and Moimtaynes, thoroughe a Passe called the Litter, p 
in the Barronie of Costelloghe ; and came to the said Abbye ii Howers 
within night. This Abbye standeth two Myles ffrom the woodes, in a 
Playne and open place, Heere the guyde, whose name was Edmond 
Mac Costelloghe,^ ffound out a Prist, which had, that daye, broken 
ffrom the Scotts with whome he had bene Prysoner. The Preist the 
said Edmond brought to the Governor of whome he learned most As- 
suredlye, that the Scotts were all incamped at Ardnarye, and had there 
Proclaymed that all the Countrye was theirs, that Sir Richard was re- 
tourned to Roscomman, and that all his fforces had fforsaken him, and 
therffore whoesoever woulde willinglye come unto them, should be 
ffriendlye receyued to their ffavour, and have noe hurte; Sir Richard 
dealte with this Preist to be his guyde, to bringe him where the Scottes 
were, But the Preist durst not vndertake it ; except a Coople of Horse- 
men of the Oharies/ which he named might be sent with him. The 

m Clancarrie. This is probably in- rack, p. 34, note w. 
tended for Clankerny, a territory and Moyne. This is intended for the 

tribe on the confines of Mayo and Ros- river Moye, but it may be possible 

common, that the writer thought that the river 

n Ardnarye, in Irish 2lTx&-Tjxv-ttjA5b, took its name from the abbey of Moyne 

i.e. the hill of the executions, now close to which it unites with the sea. 
Ardnarea, a suburb to Ballina, Ti- P The Litter, now spelled Letter, 
rawley, but on the east side of the q Edmond Mac Costelloyhe. This 

Moy in the barony of Tireragh and family now write their name Costello, 

County of Sligo. The place originally without the prefix Mac. The real 

called Ard-na-riagh is the .Castle Hill name is Nangle. 
adjoining the village. See Vi Fiach- 



Governor willed him to ffetch those ii. Gentlemen of the Oharies, 
which he did, and retourned to him agayne, an hower after midnight. 
Theise two gentlemen sent awaye Two espyalls to discouer the Scotts 
more certainly e, and ahoute ii. of the Clocke in the Morninge, when 
the Moone gave Light, Sir Richard Arose, and Addressinge himselfe 
and his Companye, Marched towardes Belcleare, 8 iiii er . Myles ffrom 
the Abbye, in the Highe waye towardes the enemy e. Here one of 
the espyalls came in, bringinge newes that the Scotts Laye still en- 
camped at Ardnarye, which was xii e . Myles ffrorn the fforesaid Abbye 
of Banneda, and viii. Myles ffrom the Abbye of Belclare.* Att his 
Marcheinge ifrom hence the night fforsooke him, And his Companye, 
and they fforsooke the Highe waye, And Marched oner the Moun- 
taynes, both Horsemen and- ffootemen, with all their Carryadges, Car- 
ryeinge themselves in a Hearce, altogether keepeinge the Bottoms, and 
Lowe Places by Circumfferent wayes, with as greate scylence as was 
possible ; This Mountayne was in Breadeth iiii er . or v. Myles, which 
Sir Richard with his fforces past about nyne of the Clocke; And after 
he had Marched A Myle into the Harde Country e, and were not 
above ii . Myles ffrom the Enemy e, He made Alte [halt] ; to drawe 
all his fforces together, and there gave order, and diretcion ffor the 
ffight, ffrom whence himselfe, with his Horsemen, rydde, towardes the 
Enemye, and left the ffootemen to come after with a speedie Marche ; 
Sir Richard with his Horsemen beinge nowe come within haulfe a 
Myle of the Scotts' Campe, sent oute Halfe a dozen Horsemen as 
Scowtes afforesaid, to discover them, and the manner of their Campe, 
which Horsemen came even amongst their Cabbens, and gave them a 
suddayne and ffearefull Allarum, and soe retyred to Sir Richard, whoe 
at that tyme came to the Topp of the Hill neere to them, where he 
might take viewe of all the grounde betwixt him and the Castle, where 
the Scotts Laye. Nowe he sent awaye, Post x after Post, ffor the 
Battayle, and the Loose shotte to come in to him ; ffor the Enemye 

* Oharies, i.e. O'Haras. barony of Leyny, County of Sligo, 

s Belcleare. This place is now called where the ruins of a castle are still to 

Ath-clair, anglice Aclare, and is a be seen. 

townland, situate in the parish of * Abbye of Belclare. This should 

Kilmacteige, in the south-west of the be Castle of Belclare. 


was rysen and Arrayed in Battayle, and made Heade towardes him, 
in their greatest braverye ; Sir Richard entertayned them with skir- 
misheinge to wvnne tyme, and drawe them vpp hyer to the harde 
grounde, till the ffootemen might come in ; whoe Approached with 
suche scylence, that the Scotts never suspected any suche Companies 
to be at hande ; But when the shott beganne to Approache them. Sir 
Richard chardged them Rufflye, and thoroughlye with his Horsemen, 
beate Backe their Loose wings to their Battayle, drove them to a Little 
Bogue, and killed manye of them; After which he retyred, and 
Caused some of his shott on Horsebacke to Alight ffrom their Horses, 
and therwith entertayned them with a second Chardge, aboute which 
tyme his Loose shott, and the whole Battayle of ffootemen came in, 
and then the ffootemen Chardged them in the fforwarde, And himselfe 
with his Horsemen in the fflancke, in such sorte, that they soon discom- 
ffoeted and overthrewe their whole fforce, and drave them to the Ryver 
side, where he and his Companye slewe and drowned them all, save- 
inge iiii xx . or therabouts which stripped themselves, and by swymm- 
inge over the Ryver of Moyne [Moy] into Tyrawlie, saved themselves, 
Leaveinge their weapons, and Apparayle behinde them. There were- 
noe more saued of all their fforces, and of all sortes of them, but 
these, and a Hundred and odde, that went the daye before into Ty- 
rawlie ffor a Praye, with some of the Bourks, But suche as swamme 
over the Ryver as afforesaid, were afterwardes killed in their Retourne, 
and fflyeinge towardes the North in the Countie of Sligoe, by George 
Bingham, Esq. Brother to the Governor, beinge then Sherriffe of the 
Countie of Sligoe ; together with the helpe of the Gentlemen of the 
Countrye, divers alsoe of them which were absent, ffor this said Praye, 
whilest the Battayle was ffought, And certayne of their Horsemen, 
which were then also fforageinge Abroade ffor Horsemeate, were after- 
wardes slayne in their retourne, and fflyeinge homewardes, euen by 
some suche, as when they came ffirst fforwarde, and were stronge, 
were their greate ffrindes. 

The number of ffightinge men slayne, and drowned, as hath bene 
well knowne, and tryed out, wcare xiiii . or xv c . Besides Horse, and 
ffoote, boyes, Woemen, Churles, and Children, were as manye more, 
soe as in the whole there dyed of them that daye and the daye after 

212 , 

in their fflyeinge homewardes Three Thousand Persons, and of the 
Englishe Companies, were not slayne past Two Persons," and those 
alsoe thoroughe their owne ffollye, in beinge to fforwardes ffor the 
spoyle, But inanye men, and Horses, were Hurte, and galled. 

This daye the Cheiffest Leaders of them, James Mac Connells 
[Mac Donnell's] sonnes vizt. Donnell Gorum, and Allexander Car- 
roghe, were slayne together, with all the rest of their Leaders, And 
the cheiffest Bourke, which drewe them into the Province. In this 
servyce was employed vnder Sir Richard, John Bingham, Captain of 
a C. ffootemen, Nicholas Mordant, Captain of the Like number, Cap- 
tain Meryman, of the like Companye ; William Mostean, Captain of 
the like number, Besides the Leiuetennants affbrerehersed, sent ffrom 
the Lorde Deputye, and Certayne Leaders of Horsemen, And be- 
sides Captain Woodehowse, Captain Grenn, which had noe Chardge, 
and Mr. Newton, And Captain Betaghe, which held Chardge of some 
Horsemen. The whole Companye were in name about vj c . ffootemen, 
and by Poole aboute v c . besides vij xx . and Ten Horsemen, wherof 
l tie . were of the garryson of the Provynce, and the other xl tie were 
sent by the Lord Deputye. 

This overthrowe was greate, and the Paynes and Pollecyes therin 
taken, and vsed, greate, but the services in Mayo ; the watchinge, and 
Travells at the streights, before the Scotts came into the Countrye, 
was muche more greater; But the wonderfull Care and industrye of 
Sir Richard in those services which contynueth out in it xiii ten . or 
xiiii ten . weekes together, not once Commeing home to his Howse, in 
that tyme, and ffeareinge hardlye, and Lyeinge on the grounde, and 
on strawe, a greate parte of the said tyme (was to be noted, and in 
him Highelye Commended, yea, over and^ above all this, Althoughe 
he errected three severall Companyes of ffootemen, each of them con- 
sisteinge, of a C. men, with their offycers, and Certayne Horsemen, 
which contynued in Paye, dureinge all the saide Tearme, Besides, v. 
or vi c . Kearne, which alsoe had paide over and above hir Majestie's 
Allowaunce, yett he soe handled the matter, that with the goodes of 
Rebells, which by stronge hande he gatt ffrom them, And with iii. or 

u Twoe persons. Can any one believe this ? 


iiii c u . of hismonye, he deffrayed, the extraordinarye expences of the 
said servyces, not chardginge hir Majestie with any one groate therof, 
or any of the Subiects of the Countrie, eyther ffor Victualls, or any 
other thinge, other then some small matter, which the Ryseings out 
brought, or which souldiers in Comminge to him, or goeing ffroni him 
eate, where they came ffor a night in a Place, yea Hee Chardged 
himselfe in this Case, that beinge scanted of Powder ffrom hir Ma- 
jestie's stoare in Dublyn, he was dryven to ffurnishe himselfe therof, 
ffor his readye monye in Gallowaye. 

Lastly e his servyce v was suche as drowned, and Cutt of, all the 
oulde Beaten Scotts, which vsed to haunte Irelande, in soe muche, that 
nowe it is said there are not xl tie . suche to Beare vpp Heade in all the 
Realme of Irelande, to the greate Behooffe, and Comfforte of the 
same, to the greate ease, and Beneffitt of hir Majestie and to the 
eternall Commendations of this worthte Gentleman Sir Richard Bing- 
ham, ffor ever. 

v Lastly e his service was such. The prudent to remove him, and send Sir 

fact was, however, that from the mo- Conyers Clifford in his place, who 

ment O'Domhnaill joined the Burkes of was a humane man qualified to govern 

Mayo, Sir Richard Bingham was com- Connacht by benevolence rather than 

pletely powerless ; indeed he was so cruelty, 
much so that the Government thought 


MR. HARDIMAN in his Edition of O'Flaherty's Corographical De- 
scription of West Connaught, writes, (p. 394, note c ,) that Sir Richard 
Bingham was universally detested by the native Irish, who considered 
him as a sanguinary monster, " and full dearly did he make them pay 
for the imputation," and he adds " an account of his proceedings," 
(and there are abundant materials for it,) " would form a most interest- 
ing piece of Irish history." 

Sir Richard Bingham was the second son of Robert Bingham, Esq. 
of Bingham's-Melcomb in Dorsetshire, by Alice, daughter of Thomas 
Croker, Esq. He was renowned for his military achievements in various 
parts of Europe before his arrival in Ireland, and his character is thus 
blazoned by Camden in his Annals of the Reign of Elizabeth, A.D. 

" Vir genere claro et antique in agro Dorsettensi, sed veterans 
militiae gloria clarior. Ad S. Quintini enim conquestum in Armorica, 
ad Leitham in Hebridibus Scotia, Greta insula, ad Chrium contra 
Turcas, in Gallia et Belgio militavit, et quae dixi in Hibernia gessit." 

He makes his first appearance in Irish history as one of the bloody 
actors under the Lord Deputy Grey at Dan-an-oir, near Sinerwick in 
Kerry, A.D. 1580, where seven hundred Italians were butch erd in cold 
blood after the Lord Grey had guaranteed their lives and liberties. 
There is preserved in the British Museum, Titus B. p. 115, an original 
letter from him to the Earl of Leicester, dated Sinerwick road, 3rd 
November, 1580, conveying intelligence of the arrival of a ship with 
men pressed, and p. 116, another letter, dated llth November, from 
Sinerwick, same to same. His Cenotaph in Westminster Abbey, 
beginning " To the glory of the Lord of Hosts" states that he served 
at Smerwick in Ireland. 

On the 21st of June, 1584, he arrived in Ireland with Sir John Perrot, 
and was appointed governor of the province of Conmu.-ht. On the 13th 


day of December, 1585, the lords and chieftains of the county of 
Mayo signed a Composition in which they acknowledge " the manifold 
benefits and easements they find in possessing of their lands and goods 
since the peaceable government of the lord Deputie, and the just 
dealings of Sir Richard Binghame Knight/' and " graunt to the 
Queene's most excellent Majesty, her heires and successors for ever, 
one yearlie rent-chard ge of tenn shillings, good and lawful current 
money of England goinge out of everie quarter, which in the whole 
amounteth yearly to the some of 600 sterling, and for lacke of money 
the thresurer or general receiver to receive kyne to the value of the 
said rente." 

In January, 1586, he held a session (assizes) at the town of Galway, 
on which occasion seventy persons, including men and women, were 
executed, among whom were Domhnall, son of Muircheartach Garbh 
O'Briain of Cathair-Corcrain and Rath, in the Co. of Clare, and Brian, 
the son of O'h-Eaghra Buidhe of Leyny in the Co. of Sligo. 

On the first of March in the same year he laid siege to Cluain- 
Dubhain, or Cloonoari, in Clare, then considered one of the strongest 
Castles in Ireland, then in the possession of Mathghamhain or Mahon 
O'Briain. He continued the siege for seven days, according to Docwra, 
or three weeks, as the Four Masters have it : Mahon, who fought 
bravely from the battlements of his Castle, having been shot through 
the head, the warders surrendered the Castle at discretion, but were 
all put to the sword without mercy. 

Shortly after the taking of this Castle, Sir Richard Bingham pro- 
ceeded against the Bourkes of the County of Mayo, whom he treated 
with great severity. His doings in this County are thus described by 
the Four Masters : 

"A.D. 1586. The Governor afterwards (i.e. after the siege of 
Cluain Dubhain, in the County of Clare) proceeded to attack Caislean- 
na-Caillighe (the Hag's Castle) in Lough Mask, which was the strong- 
hold of the province of Connacht. These were they who guarded it 
at the time : Rtckard Burke, who was called Deamhan-an-Chorrain, 
the son of Rickard, son of Rickard, son of William, son of Edmond, 

a lar-Connat/ffht, p. 334. 


son of Rickard O'Cuairsci ; and Walter, son of Edmond, son of Ulick, 
son of Edinoml, son of Rickard O'Cuairsci. They had gone to this 
Castle that they might not be obliged to attend a session, and to pro- 
tect their persons. The Governor proceeded to lay siege to the castle ; 
and he sent the crews of four or five boats of the choicest men in the 
camp to attack the castle in the middle of the day. But their efforts 
were fruitless, for a number of their men was slain, and they left behind 
one of their boats, and the rest returned, in danger of being drowned, 
for the camp. After their departure the Burkes resolved that they would 
not in future defend any castle against the Sovereign of England, and 
they went in two boats, with their wives and children, to the other 
side of the lake opposite the camp. The Governor destroyed the castle 
after their departure. 

" f n this camp he [the Governor] hanged the son of Mac William 
Burke, namely, Rickard Og, usually styled Fal-fo-Erinn [the hedge or 
fence of Ireland] son of Rickard, son of John of the Tearmann [01 
Balla] after his other brother had been killed, viz. Thomas, the Claimant 
of Caislean-na-n-Enuighe [the Castle of Annies] on Finn-loeh-Ceara, 
in Connacht. This castle had to be given up to the Governor after the 
execution of Rickard and Thomas ; and it was demolished by him, as 
the other castles had been. About the same time the Governor hanged 
Theobald and Myler, two sons of Walter Fada, son of David, son of 
Edmond, son of Ulick Burke. A great part of the people of Con- 
nacht joined the Burkes in their treason about the festival of St. John 
this year. Among these were the Claim -Domhnaill Galloglach, the 
Joyces of West Connacht; and they sent away their moveable property 
and their women into the fastnesses and wilds of the country. The 
Governor went to Baile-an-Robha b to oppose them, and dispatched seven 

b William Hawkins, Esq. Ulster Cox's HiberniaAnglicana, \ol.i. p. 394. 

King of Arms, in his/Pedigree of the Sir Kichard Bingham was joined on 

Count Lally Tolendal, states that Der- this occasion against the Rebel Burkes 

mod O'Maollalla, second baron of by the Earl of Clanrickard and Teige 

Tully-Mullally, went to Ballinrobe on O'Kelly, and also by the lord Ber- 

this occasion to join Sir Richard Bing- mingham at the head of his vassals, 

ham, at the head of his vassals, as among whom, no doubt, was Lally of 

O'Kelly, Bermingham and others ; but Tulach-na-dala, the ancestor of Count 

this is a pure fabrication. See Tribes Lally Tolendal. 
and Customs of Ui-Maine, p. 180, and 


or eight companies of soldiers through West Connacht in search of the 
insurgents ; and these soldiers not having caught the plunderers preyed 
on the people of Murchadh-na-Duath, and the race of Eoghan O'Flaith- 
bheartaigh, who were, as they thought themselves, under the protection 
of the law [of England] at the time. The soldiers killed women, boys, 
peasants, and decrepid persons, and they hanged Theobald O'Tuathail, 
[of Omey island], supporter of the destitute, and the keeper of a house 
of hospitality. They also made a prisoner of Dornhnall-an-Chogaidh, 
son of Gilla-dubh, son of Murchadh, son of Eoghan OTlaithbheartaigh 
and put him to death. They then returned to the Governor with 
many preys and spoils." 

The next great achievement of Sir Richard Bingham was the total 
defeat and annihilation of the Highlanders who came to the assistance 
of the Burkes of the County of Mayo. It is given as follows in the 
Annals of the Four Masters : 

"A.D. 1586. A Scottish fleet landed in Inis-Eoghain O'Dochar- 
taigh's country in the north-eastern part of Tir Conaill. These were the 
gentlemen and chief Constables of that fleet : Domhnall Gorm and 
Alexander, two sons of James, son of Alexander, son of John Cathanach 
Mac Domhnaill ; Gilla-espuig, son of Dubhgall, son of Donchadh Cam, 
son of Gilla-espuig Mac Ailin, [Campbell] and many other gentlemen 
besides. Their name and fame were greater than their appearance. They 
pitched their camp in that part of the country where they landed where 
they had abundance of flesh-meat. The haughty plunderers, the perpe- 
trators of treacherous deeds, and the opponents of goodness of the 
neighbouring territories flocked to join them there; so that there was 
nothing of value in Inis-Eoghain [Inishowen] whether corn or cattle 
which they did not carry oflf on this occasion. They afterwards passed 
alongby the river Finn and the Modharn[Mourn] toTearmann-Magrath, 
to the territory of Lurg, and to Midhbholg, until they arrived at the 
borders of the Eirne. When the Burkes who weie engaged in plunder- 
ing and insurrection, as before stated, namely, Rickard Burke, the son 
of Deamhan-an Chorrain, the sons of Edmond Burke, and the Clann- 
Domhnaill Galloglach had heard of the arrival of these Scots, they ex- 
peditiously sent messengers inviting them to their assistance, and 
stating that they would obtain many spoils, and a territory worthy of 


them in the province of Connacht, should they themselves succeed 
in defending it against the people of the Sovereign. The Scots, upon 
receipt of these messages proceeded across the Eirne and by the first 
day's march arrived in the district lying between the rivers Dubh and 
Drobhaeis ; and they proceeded to plunder Dartraighe and Cairbre, 
where they were met by Rickard and the sons of Edmond. The 
Governor set out for Sligo to oppose them, upon which the Scots de- 
parted from that district, and passed southwards through Dartraighe, 
and by the side of Beanna-bo in Breifne. They remained three 
nights at Druim-da-ethiar [Dromahaire] from whence they proceeded 
to Braidshliabh, [Braalieue,] and never halted until they arrived at 
Cill-Ronain [Kilronan] where they stopped on the confines of Breifne, 
Magh-Luirg and Tir-Oililla [Tirerrill]. The Governor went from 
the west to Beal-an-atha-fada in Tir-Oililla; and both parties remained 
[for some time] at those places without coming in contact with each 
other. The Scots at length began to move from that place in the 
beginning of a wet and very dark night, and they proceeded north- 
westwards through Tir-Oililla with the intention of crossing the bridge 
of Cul-Maeile [Collooney] ; but three companies of the Governor's 
people were guarding the bridge on that night. The Scots advanced 
to them, and a fierce conflict was fought between them. The Scots 
were obliged to abandon the bridge, and to cross the ford on the west- 
side of it. After this they went on the same night as far as Sliabh 
Gamh, and on the following day to Ard-ria-riagh. The Governor set 
out from Beal-an-atha-fada on the following day, as though he had no 
intention of pursuing them, and he went through Connacht for fifteen 
days, collecting such forces as he could ; and during that time he had 
people employed to spy and reconnoitre the Scots. When he had the 
requisite number ready, he marched from the monastery of Beannada 
in Luighne [Banada in Leyny] in Connacht, in the beginning of a 
very dark night in autumn, and stopped neither by day nor night until 
he arrived at Ard-na-riagh, about the noon of the day following 
without giving any warning to the Scots. The way the Scots were on 
his arrival was, sleeping on their couches without fear or guard, 
just as though that strange country into which they had come was 
their own without opposition, They were first aroused from theiv 


profound slumbers by the shrieks of their calories, whom the 
Governor's people were slaughtering throughout the town. 

" The Scots then arose expertly, and placed themselves as well as 
they were able in order and array for battle to engage the Governor's 
people. But this was of no avail to them, for they had scarcely dis- 
charged the first shower of darts before they were routed by the Go- 
vernor's people, and driven towards the river, which confronted them, 
namely, the loud -sounding salmon- full Moy. On their way towards 
the river, many were laid low ; and when they came to the river they 
did not stop at its banks, but plunged without delay into its depths, 
for they chose rather to be drowned than be killed by the Governor's 
people. In short near two thousand of them were slain on this oc- 
casion. The sons of Edmond Burke were not present at this onslaught, 
for on the day before that defeat they had gone forth with three hun- 
dred men in quest of booty for the Scots; but, hearing the news [of 
the disaster] they kept aloof from them, and remained in the fast- 
nesses of their own territory. Such of the Scots and Ulstermen as 
were with them, attempted to effect their escape into Ulster ; but they 
were almost all hanged or slain in the several territories through which 
they passed, before they could cross the Eirne. The father of the 
sons already mentioned, namely, Edmond, the son of Ulick, son of 
Edmond, son of Rickard O'Cuairsci, was hanged by the Governor 
after this defeat. He was a withered, grey, old man, without strength 
or vigor, and they were obliged to cany him to the gallows upon a 

At the time of the Spanish Armada Sir Richard Bingham was one 
of Queen Elizabeth's Military Council, and in 1588 we find him in 
conjunction with the Lord Justice of Ireland, Sir William Fitzwilliam 
and Sir Thomas Norris, Governor of Munster, on a great hosting 
against O'Ruairc and Mac Suibhne na d-Tuath who attempted to 
relieve a party of Spaniards who were under the command of Antonio 
de Leva. On this expedition they destroyed all the property of the 
dis-affected Irish from the river Suca to the Drobhaeis and from thence 
to the river Finn in Tir-Conaill, but did not succeed in apprehending 
or molesting O'Ruairc or Mac Suibhne ; but they made prisoners of 
O'Dochartaigh and Sir John O'Galchobhair. 


In 1589 tlie Burkes of Mayo refused to submit to the government 
of Sir Richard Binghaui and took up arms to defend themselves, and 
were joined by the Clann Domhnaill Galloglach, the O'Dubhdas of Tir- 
fhiacrach, the O'Flaithbheartaighs and Joyces of West Connacht, and 
they continued to harrass and plunder all those who were obedient to the 
Governor during the Summer and Autumn of that year; but in the 
month of January 1590 Sir Richard and the Earl of Thomond marched 
with a considerable force against them, and pitched their camp at Cong. 
The Burkes were encamped at the west side of Cong, and both parties 
thus remained face to face for a fortnight, during which time they held 
daily conferences, but could not agree on terms of peace. At length 
the Governor and the Earl set out from their camp with twelve 
companies of soldiers to make their way into Tirawley and Ems. The 
Burkes marched in a parallel line with them intending to attack them 
at the gap of Bearna-na-gaeithe. They did not do so, however, being 
discouraged by an accident which happened to their chief leader, the 
son of Mac William, who lost his foot from the ankle out* The 
Governor soon after returned to Cong, and the Burkes submitted to him 
and delivered him hostages. 

Sir Richard then proceeded to Athlone where he remained till the 
month of March, when he mustered another force to march against 
O Ruairc. His forces on this occasion were so numerous that he was 
enabled to send a numerous force to Sliabh Chairbre at the south ex- 
tremity of O'Ruairc's country of Breifne, and another to the west of 
the iTridge of Sligo to invade it from the north. The two divisions 
marched through the heart of Breifne destroying the country and the 
people with fire and sword as they passed along, until both met 
together. On this occasion O'Ruairc was driven from Breifne, and he 
received neither shelter nor protection until he arrived in the Tuathas 
in the north west of Tir-Conaill where he remained with Mac Suibhne 
till the end of that year; and such of his people as did not go into exile 
came in and submitted to the governor. The whole of Breifne re- 
mained obedient to the Governor from this time till the following 
Michaelmas, when Tighearnan Ban O'Ruairc and Brian -na-Sarnhthach 
O'Ruairc returned, and being joined by the tribes of Breifne and 
Muintir-Eolais, opposed the Governor and continued spoiling every 
thing belonging to the English until the end of the year. 


In the same year Sir Richard Bingham erected a great fort between 
Loch Ce and Loch Arbhach to check the O'Ruaires. 

In 1592 the Burkes of the county of Mayo were again in 
insurrection and " went on their keeping". When Sir Richard heard 
of their insurrection he inarched against them and took possession 
of all their castles, whether perfect or broken, as Dun-na-rnona c Cuil- 
na-g-Caisil d Gaeisideach 6 and Cluainin f . The Burkes attacked him 
at Cuil-na-g-Caisil, but they were more harmed than the Governor. 
After this the Governor dispatched heavy troops of English and Irish 
soldiers in search of the insurgents, who had retired to the dense 
woods, rugged mountain tops, and other fastnesses of their country, and 
these soldiers soon returned to him with many prisoners both men and 
women and with many cows and horses. After this all the Burkes, 
except Rickard, the son of Deamhan-an-Chorrain, came in and 
submitted to the award of the Governor- Upon which the Governor 
took the castles of the country into his own possession and left John 
Bingham and companies of his own soldiers to guard them. 

On the first of May, 1593, George Bingham of Baile-an-Mhota, the 
brother of Sir Richard, sent soldiers into Breifne to distrain for non-, 
payment of the Queen's rent, and they seized the milch cows of 
Brian-na--samhthach O'Ruairc's eldest son, and then his locum-tenens. 
Brian, asserted that all the rents remaining unpaid were those unjustly 
demanded for lands that were waste, and that George Bingham ought 
not to demand rents for those lands until they should be inhabited. 
Accordingly he went to demand the restitution of his cows, but got no 
satisfaction. On his return home he sent for mercenaries and hireling 
soldiers into Tirone, Tirconnell and Fermanagh, and a considerable 
number nocked to his standard, with whom he marched without delay 

c Dun-na-mona, fort of the bog, now e Gaeisideach, now Giveesedan, a 

Dunamona, near the boundary of the river and Castle in the parish of Drum, 

parishes of Rosslee and Drum in the barony of Carra. 

barony of Carra. f Cluainin, now Clooneen, a castle 

d Cuil-na-g-Caisil, now corruptly in ruins in a townland of the same 
Cloonagaskel, and Cloona Castle, in name in the parish of Touaghta, ba- 
the parish of Ballinrobe, barony of rony of Carra. 


in the first month of summer, to Ballymote, and plundered the ba- 
ronies of Corran and Tirerrill, and burned thirteen villages lying 
round Ballymote, and ransacked and totally plundered Ballymote 
itself, the head quarters of George Bingham, slaying Captain Gilbert 
Grayne, a gentleman of Bingham's party. Brian O'Ruairc then re- 
turned home loaded with rich spoils. 

Encouraged by the success of O'Ruairc's son, Maguire mustered 
his forces, and inarched into the plain of Connacht where Sir Richard 
Bingham was then stationed, and early in the morning dispatched 
marauding parties through the plain. At this very time Sir Richard 
happened to be encamped on a hill near the gate of Tulsk in the ba- 
rony of Roscommon, watching the surrounding country, and he sent 
forth early in the morning a party of his cavalry 1 to scour the hills 
around that on which he was stationed, but this party perceived nothing, 
in consequence of a thick fog, until they met Maguire and a strong body 
of cavalry face to face. On perceiving the strength of Maguires cavalry 
they took to flight, and were hotly pursued by Maguire and his party to 
the Governor's camp. Here, Maguire perceiving that he was not able 
to oppose Bingham's whole force with his cavalry judiciously retreated 
towards the main body of his forces, and was in his turn pursued by the 
Governor until Maguire had come up with his forces, but when the Gov- 
ernor saw that he had not a sufficient number of men to risk a battle, 
he retreated without losing more than six horsemen and one gentleman, 
William Clifford, by name. On the other side, Maguire lost Edmoncl 
Mag Samhradhain, primate of Armagh, and then returned in triumph to 
Fermanagh loaded with spoils. 

Rickard Burke the son of Deamhan-an-Chorrain still continued an 
obdurate rebel and joined Maguire, and the disaffection spread into 
Oirghialla. The Lord Deputy made a hosting of the men of Meath 
and the south half of Ireland, and the Governor of Connacht mus- 
tered the forces of his province to reduce them. The great Earl of 
Tyrone was at this time one of the most powerful suppressors of the 
rebellion, and lent his powerful aid to crush Maguire and his confede- 
rates, but this was the last action in which he fought on the side of 
the English, The Governor of the province of Connacht returned 
homewards and remained for some time at the Abbey of Boyle, plun- 
dering Muintir-Eolais and the western part of Fermanagh. 


In 1594 the Lord Justice, William Fitzwilliam, took the castle of 
Enniskillen, and placed warders of his own to defend it; but Maguire 
and O'Domhnaill beleaguered them, and continued to invest the fortress 
from the beginning of June to the middle of August, by which time 
the warders had consumed all their provisions. When the Lord Justice 
heard that the warders of Enniskillen were in want of provisions, he 
commanded the men of Meath, the O'Raghallaighs of Cavan, and the 
Binghams of Connacht, to convey provisions to Enniskillen. These 
parties met at Cavan, O'Raghallaigh's town, where they obtained the pro- 
visions, and set out for Enniskillen, till they arrived at a ford on the 
river Arney, about five miles to the south of Enniskillen. Here Ma- 
guire had set an ambuscade for them. He encountered and defeated 
them at the ford, and deprived them of many steeds, weapons and 
other spoils, and of all the provisions which they were carrying to the 
relief of Enniskillen. George Bingham escaped, and returned home 
through the Largan, and the northern part of Breifne-Ui-Ruairc to 

In 1595, George Bingham, Governor of Sligo under Sir Richard 
Bingham, sailed with the crew of a ship around Tir-Conaill, and put 
into Cuan Suilighe, [Lough Swilly] and, the inhabitants not being 
prepared to resist them, plundered Mary's Abbey, situate on the brink 
of the strand, and carried off the vestments, chalices, and other valuable 
articles of the abbey. They then sailed to Torach, and plundered 
every thing they found on the island, and then sailed back to Sligo. 
But shortly after (in the month of June, 1595,) this George was killed 
by Ensign Ulick Burke (the son of Redmond na Scuab) who took 
possession of the castle of Sligo, which he delivered up to O'Domhnaill. 
When intelligence of the death of George Bingham and the taking of 
Sligo came to the hearing of those of the province of Connacht who 
were in insurrection, namely, the Burkes of Mayo, the Clann-Domhnaill 
4he O'Conchobhair Sligo, the O'Ruaircaigh, the Clann-Maelruanoigh, 
and all those who had been proclaimed and were roving in the province of 
Ulster and other places, having been banished from Connacht by the Bing- 
hams, they came to O'Domhnaill to Sligo, and each of them afterward 
went home to his own patrimonial inheritance; and every inhabitant whom 
the Binghams had settled on their lands during the period of their 


proscription adhered to them as followers ; and in the course of one 
month the most of the inhabitants of the district, from the western 
points of Erris and Umhall to the river Drobhaeis, had unanimously 
confederated with O'Domhnaill, and there were not many castles or 
fortresses in the same district/ whether injured or perfect, that were not 
under his control. 

The hostages of Connacht, who were imprisoned in Galway by Sir 
Richard Bingham, having drank wine until they were intoxicated, plotted 
together in the month of August this year to make their escape from 
prison by stratagem or force. They accordingly knocked off their 
chains and gyves in the early part of the night, while the gates of the 
town were still open, and while all the town's people were at dinner, 
and passed out by the west gate, the bridge having been occupied by 
the soldiers of the town to intercept their flight, they plunged into the 
river to cross it by swimming, but by the time they gained the opposite 
bank the soldiers, who had left the bridge, were ready to meet them. The 
result was that some of them were slain on the spot and others were 
conducted back to the prison. When the Governor heard of their 
attempt to escape, he sent a writ to Galway ordering that all those who 
had consented to escape should be hanged without delay. The follow- 
ing were then hanged; Edmond, the son of Mac William Burke; two 
of the O'Conchobhair Ruadh; the son of Mac David Burke ; Murchadh 
Og, the son of Sir Murchadh na d-Tuagn O'Flaithbheartaigh ; Domhnall 
the son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbheartaigh; and Myler, son of Theobald 

Towards the end of August this year, O'Domhnaill made an irruption 
into Connacht, and laid seige to Castlemore-Costello, then defended by 
Bingham's people, who were finally obliged to surrender it. He then 
proceeded to Dunmore and dispatched plundering parties into the terr- 
itories of Conmhaicne of Dunmore, Muintir-Murchadha, Machaire 
Riabhach, and to Tuam : and they totally plundered these districts, took 
the castle of Turloch Mochain, and made a prisoner of Richard, the 
son of the Lord Bermingham, and returned to O'Domhnaill loaded with 
rich spoils. 

When Sir Richard Bingham had heard that O'Domhnaill had passed 
by him westwards into Connacht, he assembled fifteen companies of 
soldiers, both horse and foot, and marched to the top of Coirrshliabh 


[near Boyle} -with the intention of attacking O'Domhnaill on his return. 
When O'Domhnaill heard this he returned home with forced inarches 
through Costello, Leyny and Tirerrill, crossing the three bridges 
namely, those of Cul-Maeile, Baile-Easa-dara, and Sligo, and was 
pursued by the English with all expedition. O'Domhnaill detached a 
troop of horsemen and ordered them to fall to the rear of his army to 
prevent the van of the English army from coming in collision with the 
attendants or unarmed portion of his force; and he then moved on with 
his preys till he reached the neighbourhood of Gleanri-Dallam, without 
meeting any opposition. Sir Richard Bingham followed in his track, 
and took up his qnarters in the monastery of Sligo to besiege O'Domh- 
naill's warders in the castle. On the next day O'Domhnaill sent a party 
of horsemen to reconnoitre the English and learn the state of the castle, 
and of the men who were in it, and they then advanced to the banks of 
the river, and ascended the hill of Rath-Dabhriotog from which they 
espied the English moving up and down throughout the town. There 
was at this time along with Sir Richard his own sister's son, a proud 
and haughty youth, Captain Martin by name, who was the commander 
of his cavalry. He could not bear to see the enemy so near him 
without attacking them, and he proceeded with a squadron of horsemen 
across the bridge of Sligo. When 0'Domhnaill's people perceived them 
advancing, they returned as speedily as they were able, as they were not 
equal to them in number. The English pursued them, but not over- 
taking them they returned to the town. O'DomhnailPs party then 
related how they had been pursued, and how they had escaped by 
means of the swiftness of their horses. O'Domhnaill, on hearing their 
story, was resolved to lay a snare for these foreigners on the same pas- 
sage ; and selecting one hundred of the best horsemen of his army and 
three hundred infantry, he ordered them to lie in ambush within a 
mile of Sligo, and to send a small party of horse to the bank of the 
river to decoy the English army, and should they pursue them, not 
to wait for an engagement until they should have come beyond the 
place where the ambuscade was laid. This was accordingly done. 
When Captain Martin perceived the small squadron of cavalry on the 
bank of the river he advanced directly with a large body of cavalry 
to wreak his vengeance upon them. The others at first moved slowly 


and leisurely before them, but these soldiers were soon obliged to in- 
cite their horses forward, the English having pursued them with 
speed and vehemence. One of them, however, namely, Felim Reagh 
Mac Devitt, was compelled to remain behind, in consequence of the 
slowness of his horse, and being unable to keep up with his own people, 
he was obliged to disobey the orders of his lord, that is, to fight the 
English before he had passed the ambuscade. As he was certain of 
being immediately slain he turned his face to the nearest of his pur- 
suers, who was Captain Martin, who, as he raised his arm to strike 
Felim, received a violent thrust of the latter's spear directly in the 
ann-pit, which pierced him through the heart. He was covered with 
mail except in this spot. The English, seeing their champion and 
commander mortally wounded, returned to Sligo, carrying him in the 
agonies of death, to the town, where he died that night. 

The Governor's 'fury was now at its height. He ordered engines, 
called " sows," to be constructed for demolishing the castle. These 
they constructed of the timber and furniture of the monastery, and 
they covered them on the outside with cow-hides, and they were early 
in the night filled with soldiers and artizans, and moved on wheels to 
the base of the castle, for the purpose of undermining it. At the same 
time some artizans, who Were within the castle, commenced pulling 
down the upper part of the walls, in order that the soldiers within 
might hurl the stones down on their enemies. Some of the warders 
also ascended the battlements of the castle, and proceeded to cast down 
heavy stones which shattered every thing on which they fell. Others 
went to the windows and loop holes, and commenced firing with mus- 
kets, so that the soldiers in the " sows" were bruised by stones and 
wounded by the musket balls. The Governor, finding that they could 
not take the castle, ordered the work to be abandoned, and his men 
emerged from the war sows severely bruised and wounded. He marched 
back to Roscommon sick at heart, because he was not able to take the 
castle, or wreak his vengeance on O'Domhnaill's people. O'Domhnaill 
soon after demolished the castle lest the English should get possession 
of it. 

At the same time Theobald Burke, son of Walter Kittagh, laid 
seige to the castle of Belleek on the river Moy, in Tirawley, which 


was defended by Sir Richard Bingham's warders. Sir Richard sent 
his brother Captain John Bingham, Captain Foal, Captain Minche, 
and the son of William Tuite, with many other gentlemen, to the 
relief of the castle with provisions and arms ; but before they could 
relieve the warders, Theobald had obtained possession of the castle. 
They then returned and were pursued by Theobald, who slew two of 
their captains and many of their men, and deprived them of much 
arms and armour. In the month of December this year (1595) 
O'Domhnaill marched with his forces into Connacht, and nominated this 
Theobald Burke as the Mac William in preference to others of the 
family, who were older and greater in point of dignity, because he 
was in the bloom of youth and able to endure the hardships and toils 
of the war in which they were engaged. He was inaugurated in pre- 
sence of all the forces of O'Domhnaill, and hostages and pledges were 
delivered into his hands by the other Burkes after his election. O'Domh- 
naill remained with him during the Christmas holidays at Kilmaine 
and Brees in Clanmorris. 

At this period O'Domhnaill broke down thirteen castles in Connacht, 
and set up chieftains of his own selection, and returned carrying off 
hostages from every territory into which he had come as a security for 
their fealty. 

In 1596, when the Lord Justice and Council of Ireland saw the 
bravery and power of the Irish against them, they sent the Earl of 
Ormond and Myler Magrath, archbishop of Cashel, to Faughard to 
request O'Neill and O'Domhnaill to come to terms of peace, but these 
terms were rejected by the Irish. Queen Elizabeth, who was at this 
time principally attentive to the affairs of France and the progress of 
the Spanish arms in that country, was pleased at any prospect at com- 
posing the vexatious broils of Ireland, and hearing that Sir Richard 
Bingham had hanged too many of the nobility of the province of Con- 
nacht, she and her council, understanding that it was impossible to 
reconcile the Irish to him, contrived to have him removed as if to 
please the Irish. The Irish of Connacht had delivered to the Lord 
Deputy in 1595 forty- three articles of complaint against Sir Richard, 
one of which was the hanging of Richard Og Burke, commonly called 
Fal fo Eirinn, without any just cause. His very able answers to all 


these charges are preserved in the Cotton Library in the British Mu- 
seum, Titus B. xiii. p. 451. He was succeeded in his office by a far 
more humane character, Sir Conyers Clifford, who attempted to re- 
concile the Irish by acts of kindness. When Sir Richard Bingham 
arrived in London he was imprisoned, but when the Queen heard of 
the defeat of her field Marshal, Sir Henry Bagnal, by the Irish of 
Ulster, she was persuaded that Bingham had acted with that severity 
due to obdurate rebels, and he was accordingly set at liberty and ap- 
pointed to succeed Marshal Bagnal. But death soon quenched his 
thirst for Irish blood. Verum statim atque appulit DubliniiK diem 
obiit. Cainden. A.D. 1598. 

Sir Richard left no male issue, and the representation of the family 
devolved on the eldest son of his brother George. 

I. HENRY BINGHAM, Esq. of Castlebar, the son of George Bing- 
ham, Esq. Governor of Sligo, who was killed in 1595, as already 
noticed. This Henry was created a baronet of Nova Scotia in 1632. 
He married a daughter of Mr. Daniel Byrne of Cavanteely, a clothier 
or Merchant tailor in Dublin, and the sister of Sir Gregory Byrne the 
ancestor of the baron de Tabley. John Bingham, Esq. of Foxford, 
in the County of Mayo, the brother of this Henry, is the ancestor of 
Lord Clanmorris, and of the late Major Bingham of Bingham Castle. 
Sir Henry Bingham was succeeded by his eldest son 

II. SIR GEORGE BINGHAM, who was succeeded by his eldest son 

III. SIR HENRY, who died without issue, and was succeeded by his 

IV. SIR GEORGE BINGHAM, who was succeeded by his eldest son 

V. SIR JOHN BINGHAM. He was Governor and representative 

g Downing in his short description knights Binghams that commanded 

of the County of Mayo, written about since Queen Elizabeth's time, left it to 

1680, has the following notice of this his nephew [half-brother?] having no 

Sir John and his residence at Castle- issue of his own body. This castle 

bar: " A very fair large bawn, and did formerly belong to the Burkes; 

two round towers or castles therein, first of all after the Invasion it is said 

and a good large house in the posses- to have belonged to the Barrys, of 

sion of Sir John Bingham and his heir, whom it took its name. See Ui- 

[Sir Henry] the youngest of the three Fiachrach, p. 161. 


iii parliament of the County of Mayo. g He married Anne, daughter 
of Agmondesham Vesey, Esq. grand-niece of the celebrated Patrick 
Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan. He was an officer of rank on the side of 
King James in the battle of Aughrim, and contributed to the success 
of William, by deserting his colors in the brunt of the battle. He 
died in 1749, and was succeeded by his eldest son 

VI. SIR JOHN BINGHAM, who represented the County of Mayo in 
Parliament, but dying without issue in 1752, the title devolved upon 
his brother 

VII. SIR CHARLES BINGHAM, M.P. for the County of Mayo, who 
was raised to the Peerage on the 24th of July, 1776, in the dignity of 
Baron Lucan of Castlebar, and advanced to the Earldom of Lucan 
6th October, 1795. He married, in 1760, Margaret, daughter and 
sole heir of John Smith, Esq. of Cannon's Leigh, County of Devon, 
and Andrees, County of Somerset. He died on the 29th of March, 
1799, and was succeeded by his eldest son 

VIII. RICHARD BINGHAM, Earl and Baron of Lucan. He was 
born 6th December, 1764, and married on the 26th of May, 1794, 
Lady Elizabeth Belasyse, third daughter and co-heir of Henry, last 
Earl of Fauconberg, by whom he had issue 

IX. GEORGE CHARLES BINGHAM, the present Earl of Lucan, 
who, following the example of his ancestors, has removed all the Burkes 
and O'Malleys off his lands, and commenced a system of agriculture, 
by which (though he may perish in the attempt, being overwhelmed by 
the rates necessary to support his hostages detained in the poor law 
prisons of Westport and Castlebar,) he will do more to reduce the 
Queen's subjects in Mayo, in the reign of Victoria, than his ancestor 
Sir George, or the Governor Sir Richard, had done in the reign of 












Written in the sommer 1614, $ finished the first of September the same year. 

[Copied from an old MS. at the Ordnance Survey Office, exhibiting 
on the fly leaf T/ieo. Docivra," J. O'D.] 



THE occasion that moued mee, to make this Narration, was giuen by 
my lord Chichester, (the lord Deputie of Ireland that now is) who 
being in England some two or three monethes of this last Sommer, 
neere the time of his departure, when I came to take my leaue of him, 
pleased to enter into some speach with mee touching my Retyred Life, 
which hee imputed to proceed from my owne disposition, averring he 
often heard my Lord of Deuonshire say, that nothing would Content 
mee except I had all, & such a Commaund as might not stand with the 
convenience of the King's seruice ; I made noe large replie vnto his 
Lordship then, because the time serued not for it ; But somewhat 1 
saide to excuse myselfe from that imputation & withall it came 
round at that instant into my Remembraunce that I had (not long 
before) heard myselfe in like manner taxed for selling away of my 
place : soe as I found the two mayne Points the world misconceiued 
mee in, were these : ffirst that I voluntarily gaue ouer my Place, & 
then that I made a Benifitt thereof, by selling it away to an other, & 
if either of these were true, whatsoeuer ensued upon it, afterwards to 
my greife & discontentment, I cannot but acknowledge, I may iustlie 
be Convinced, the faulte was myowne, I haue noe Cause to Complaine : 
But for Refutation of those fewe objections, as I said then to his Lord- 
ship in priuate, soe now I may safelie proclaime it to the world, I 
neede not appeale to any other Testimonye but that of his owne know- 
ledge. Then coming home and falling into a sadd meditation with 
my Selfe, it came into my thoughts shall I for euer by silence betray 


myne owne Innocency, was it a vcrtue in a Dumbe man, to breake the 
very tongue strings, to speake when he sawe his father in Danger, to 
be otherwise vniustlie Condemned, & can it be Excusable in mee, 
that Nature hath not denied the vse of my tongue vnto, to suffer my 
Bowels to frett with greife, my Reputation to be trampled vpon, 
(which all men knowe ought to be deerer to Mee than my owne Life, 
& as deere as the redemption of my ffathers,) & so lett it pass, & 
say nothing ? yea, but I speake alone (without Adversarie) may some 
man say, and if I faine any, it is such a one as is gone ex rerum Na- 
tura, against whome I may assume what libertie I will, so say what I 
list ; it is true this may be obiected : but I have this to say again e, for 
these thinges I discourse of touching my owen particuler greevances, 
they are such as I openlie speak & Complayned of in his life time, 
& for the rest touching the carriage of the gennerall bussines, there 
are I thinke hundreds at least yet living able to Controwle mee if I 
speake vntruth, & whatsoever I say in either out of the Compase of 
comon Knowledge, I haue Evidence to shewe, for that any man shall 
see that will, and when he hath done lett him iudge as his owen Dis- 
cretion shall guide him. And I say further, my desire is with truth to 
defend my selfe, not with mallice to defame the memorie of an other, 
& my lord was a Noble man that for many yeares togeather, I loued 
& honnored sincerelie in my hearte, vertues I sawe in him that moued 
mee soe to doe, they were not, nor could not be all extinguished by 
one acte, though of neuer soe manifest a wronge done unto mee : Be- 
sides, it may be that somewhat there was, that reason in his apprehen- 
sion might moue him vnto, the secret whereof it seamed not fitt in his 
Eyes to impart vnto mee : let it be soe, for that doth nothing infringe 
the truth of that I say, But entring into further discourse with myself 
touching this subiect, it came with all into my minde, I had lying by 
mee some memoriall noates and a greate Number of letters, that if 
they were well searched ouer, togeather with the helpe of myne owne 
memorie, were able to bring to light the truth of that which otherwise 
was like to perish and Consume in Darkenes ; I spent a litle time to 
pervse them, & these.are the effectes, tfee doing thereof hath produced. 
The Army consisting in List of 4000 foote & 200 horse, whereof 
3000 of the foote, & all the horse were levied in England, the other 


1000 foote were taken of the old Company s about Dublin, & all 
assigned to meete att Knockfergus, the first of May: That part levyed 
in England was shipt at Helbree neere vnto westchester on the 24th 
of Aprill, 1600. And of these a Regiament of 1000 ffoote & 50 
horse, were to be taken out imniediatelie vpon our landing, & assigned 
to sr Mathew Morgan to make a plantation with att Ballishannon. 

The Provisions wee carried with vs at first were a quantetie of deale 
Boards & Sparrs of ffirr timber, a 100 flock bedds, with other ne- 
cessaries to furnish an Hospitall withall one Peece of Demy Cannon 
of Brass, two Culverins of Iron, a master Gunner, two master Masons, 
& two master Carpenters, allowed in pay with a greate number of 
Tooles & other vtensiles, & with all victuell & munition requisite. 

Soe with those men from England, and with these Provisions afore 
saide, on the xxv day of Aprill wee sett saile, and on the 28th in the 
Euening put in att Knockfergus, where wee staide the space of 8 dayes 
before the Companyes from Dublin came all vnto vs. 

The last of them coming in by the 6th of May, on the 7th wee 
sett saile againe, & the windes often fayling, & sometimes full 
against vs, it w T as the 14th before wee could putt in to the mouth of 
the Bay at Loughfoyle, & noe sooner were wee entred, but wee fell 
on ground, & soe stucke till the next day, then at a full tide, wee 
waighed our Anchors, sayled a little way and rune on ground againe. 

On the 16th in the morning wee gott loose, & about 10 of the 
Clocke (100 men lying on shoare, & giuing vs a volie of shott, & 
soe retyring,) wee landed att Culmore, & with the first of our horse 
& foote that wee could vnshipp, made vp towards a troupe of horse 
and foote, that wee sawe standing before vs on the topp of a hill, but 
by ignorance of the wayes our horses were presentlie boggt, & soe at 
that day wee made none other vse, but onlie to land our men. The 
next day, the place seaming to my Judgement fitt to build, wee beganne 
about the Butt end of the old broken Castle, to cast vp a fforte, such 
as might be capable to lodge 200 men in. 

Sixe days wee spent in labour about it, in which meane space, 
makeing vpp into the Countrie with some troupes (onely with intent to 
discover,) wee came to Ellogh a castle of O'Doghartey's, which he had 
newlie abandoned & begunne to pull downc, Butt seeing it yett 


Tennable, & of good vse to be held, I put Captaine Ellis ffloudd 
into it, and his Conipanie of 150 men. 

On the 22nd of May wee put the Army in order to marche, & 
leaning Captain Lancellott Atford at Culmore with 600 men, to make 
vp the workes, wee went to the Derry 4 myles of vpon the River side, 
a place in manner of an Hand Comprehending within it 40 acres of 
Ground, wherein were the Ruines of a old Abbay, of a Bishopp's 
house, of two Churches, & at one of the ends of it of an old Castle, 
the River called loughfoyle encompassing it all on one side, & a 
bogg most comonlie wett, & not easilie passable except in two or 
three places dividing it from the rnaine land. 

This peece of Ground we possest our selves of without Resistaunce, 
& Judging it a fitt place to make our maine plantation in, being some- 
what hie, & therefore dry, & healthie to dwell vpon, att that end 
where the old Castle stood, being Close to the water side, I presentlie 
resolued to raise a fforte to keep our stoore of Munition & victuells in, 
& in the other a litle aboue, where the walls of an old Cathedrall 
church were yet standing, to evert annother for our future safetie 
& retreate vnto upon all occasions. 

Soe then 1 vnloaded & discharged the Shipping that brought vs, all 
but those reserued for Sr. Math : Morgan & two Men of Warre, vnder 
comaund of Captaine George Thornton, & Captaine Thomas 
Fleminge, which were purposlie assigned to attend vs all that Sommer; 
& the first bussines I setled myself!" vnto was, to lay out the forme of 
the said two intended ffortes, & to assigne to every Company e his 
severall taske how & where to worke. 

I know there were some that presentlie beganne to censure mee, for 
not sturring abroade, & makeing iourneyes vp into the Countrye, alleadg- 
ing wee were stronge enough & able to doe it ; I deny not but wee 
were ; but that was not the scope & drift of our coming, wee were to 
sitt it out all winter, Prayes would not be sett without many hazards, 
& a greate Consumption of our men, the Countrie was yet unknowne 
vnto vs, & those wee had to deale with were, as I was sure, would 
Chuse or Refuse to feight with vs as they sawe theire owne advantage ; 
These Considerations moued mee to resolue to hould an other Course, & 
before I attempted any thinge els, to setlc & make sure the footing 
wee had gaynecl. 


The two shipps of wane, therefore, (the Countrie all about vs being- 
wast & burned,) I sent with souldiers in them to coast all alonge the 
shoare, for the space of 20 or 30 inyles, & willed wheresoeuer they 
found any howses, they should bring a way the Timber & other rna- 
terialls to build with all, such as they could ; and O'Cane hauing a 
woode, lying right over against vs, (on the other side of the River,) 
wherein was plentie of old growne Birch, I daylie sent workemen 
with a Guard of souldiers to cutt it downe ; & there was not a sticke of 
it brought home, but was first well fought for; A Quarrie of stone & 
slatt wee found hard at hand, Cockle shells to make a Lyme, wee dis- 
eouered infinite plentie of, in a litle Hand in the mouth of the Har- 
bour as wee came in, and with those helpes, togeather with the Pro- 
visions wee brought, & the stones and rubbidge of the old Buildings 
wee found, wee sett ourselues wholie, & with all the dilligence wee 
could possible to fortefying framing, & setting vpp of howses, 
such as wee might be able to Hue in, & defend ourselves when winter 
should Come, & our men be decayed as it was apparant it would be : 
And whether this was the right Course to take or noe, let them that 
sawe the after Events be the Judges of. 

My lord Deputie, att the time wee should land, (to make our discent 
the more easie,) was drawne downe to the Blackwater, & gaue out 
that hee would enter the Countrey that way, whereupon Tyrone & 
O'Donell had assembled theire cheifest strength to oppose against him : 
But his lordship now knowing wee were safe on shore, & possest of 
the ground wee ment to inhabite, with drewe his Campe & retourned 
to Dublin, & then being deliuered of that feare, those forces they had 
brought togeather for that purpose, being now encreased by the addition 
of more, & estimated (by Comon fame) to be about 5000 in all, they 
came downe with vpon vs, & placing themselues in the night within 
litle more then a mile from where wee lay, earelie in the morning at 
the Breaking vpp of the watch, gaue on vpon our Corps de Gaurd of 
horse, chased them home to our foote Sentynells, & made a 
countennaunce as if they came to make but that one daye's worke of it 
but the Alarume taken, & our men in Armes, they contented themselves 
to attempe noe further, but seeking to drawe vs forth into the Countrey 
where they hoped to take vs at some advantage?, & finding wee 



stoode vpon our defensiue onelie, after the greatest parte of the day 
spent in skirmish, a litle without our Campe they departed towards the 
Eueninge, whither did wee thinke it fitt to pursue them. 

An now did Sr Mathew Morgan demaund his Regiament of 1000 
foote, and 50 horse, which at first (as I saide before) were designed him 
for a plantation att Ballyshannon ; but vpon consultation held how hee 
should proceed, & with what Probabilitie he might be able to effect 
that intended bussines, there appeared soe many wants & difficulties 
vnthought on, or vnprouided ; for before that it was euident those forces 
should be exposed to manifest mine, if at that time, & in the state 
as thinges then stoode, hee should goe forward, the truth whereof being 
Certified both by himselfe & mee to the lords of the Councell in Eng- 
land, as alsoe to the lord Deputie & Councell of Ireland ; wee receiued 
present directions from them both to suspend the proceeding in that 
action till annother time ; & soe I discharged the Rest of the shipping 
reserued for that iourney; & not Jong after the Company s' growing 
weake, & the list of the foote reduced to the number of 3000, that 
Regiament was wholie dissolued & made as a parte onelie of our 

On the first of June, Sr Arthur O'Neale, sonne to old Tirlogh 
Lenogh that had beene O'Neale, came in vnto mee with some 30 horse 
& foot, a Man I had directions from the state, to labour to drawe to 
our side, & to promise to be made Earle of Tyroane, if the other 
that mainteyned the Rebellion could be dispossessed of the Country ; 
By his aduice with in fewe dayes after I sent Sr John Chamberlaine 
with 700 men into O'Cane's Countrie, to enter into it by boate, from 
O'Dohertye's side, because at the hither end lying right over against 
vs, was a Continuall watch kepte, soe as we could not stirre but wee 
were sure to be presentlie discouered; These men marching all night 
put ouer at Greene-castle, & by breake of day, on the 10th of June, 
fell in the middest of theire Creagtes vnexpected, Ceazeda greate pray, 
& brought it to the Waterside ; but for want of meanes to bring it all 
away, they hackt & mangled as many as they could, & with Some 
100 Covves, which they put abord theire Boats, besids what the Souldiers 
brought away kild, they retourned. 

On the 28th of June, came some men of O'Dohertyes, lay in 


ambush before Ellogh, the Garrison discouering them, fell out & skir- 
misht, a litle of from the Castle ; wee perceiued them from the Deny 
to be in feight, I tooke 40 horse & 500 flbote, and made towards 
them; when they sawe vs coming they left the skirmish & drewe 
away ; wee followed up as fast as wee could, & coming to the foote of 
a mountaine, which they were to pass ouer in theire retreate, wee might 
see them all march before vs, though but slowlie, yet with as much 
speede as they were able to make, being, to our grieffe, about 400 foote, 
& 60 horse, & wee makeing as much hast on our partes to ouertake 
them : By that time the last of them had obtained the topp of the hill : 
Sr John Chamberlaine & I, with some 10 horse more, were come vpp 
close in theire heeles, all our foote & the rest of our horse coming- 
after vs as fast as they could but all out of breath & exeedinglie 
tired ; Hairing thus gained the very topp of the hill, & seeing but 
fewe about me I stayed & badd a stand to be made till more Com- 
pany might come vpp, and withall casting my head about, to see how 
our men followed, I seeing the foote farr behinde, & our horse but 
slowlie Clyming vpp, twining about a gaine I might see sr John Cham- 
berlaine vnhorsed, lying on the ground a stone's cast before mee, & 
at least a Dozen hewing at him with theire Swordes, I presentlie gaue 
forward to haue rescued him, & my horse was shott in two places & 
fell deade vnder mee, yet they forsooke him vpon it, & wee recouered 
his bodie, but wounded with 16 woundes, & instantlie giving vp the 
Ghost, where vpon wee made a stand in the place, & staying till more 
Companie came vp, wee brought him off, & suffered them to march 
a way without further pursuite. 

On the second of July I put 800 men into Boates & landed them 
att Dunalong. Tyrone (as wee were tould) lying in Campe within two 
myles of the Place, where I presentlie fell to raiseing a Forte, his men 
came downe & skirmisht with vs all that day, but perceiuing the next, 
wee were tilted & out of hope to be able to remoue vs, they rise vp 
& left vs quietlie to doe what we would, where after I had made it 
reasonablie defensible, I left Sr John Bowles in Garrison with 6 Com- 
panyes of Foote, & afterwards sent him 50 horse. 

On the 14th of July came O'Donnell with a troupe of 60 horse, 
earely in the Morninge as our watch was ready to be discharged, 


fell vpon a Corpes de Guard of some 20 of our horse, but they de- 
fended themselues without loss, & orderlie retyred to the Quarter, 
only Captaine John Sidney was hurte in the shoulder with the blowe of 
a staffe. 

On the 29th of July he came againe with 600 Foote, & 60 Horse, 
& lay close in ambush in a valley within a quarter of a myle of our 
outmost horse sentinells, & Moyle Morrogh Mac Swyndoe (a man 
purposelie sent with mee by the state, & soe well esteemed of, as the 
queene had giuen a Pention of vi. s. a day vnto during his life, & the 
present Comaund of 100 English souldiers,) hauing intelligence with 
him, caused some of his men to goe a litle before Breake of Day, 
& driue forth our horses, (that were vsually euery night brought 
into the Hand to Graze) directlie towards him, In soe much as vpon the 
sodaine before any thinge could be done to preuent it, he gott to the 
number of 60 [160 ?] into his power, & presentlie made hast to be gone. 
By the alarum, I rise vp from my Bedd, tooke some 20 horses, & 
such foote as were readie, Bidd the rest follow, & soe made after 
them. At fower myles end wee ouertooke them, theire owne horses 
kept in the reare flanked with foote, marching by the edge of a Bogge, 
& those horse they had gott from vs, sent away before with the fore- 
most of theire foote ; when they sawe vs cominge, they turned heade 
& made readie to receiue vs, wee charged them, & at the first en- 
counter I was stricken with a horseman's stafe in the Foreheade, in soe 
much as I fell for deade, & was a goode while deprived of my sences : 
Butt the Captaines & Gentlemen that were about mee, whereof the 
cheife that I Remember were Captaine Anthony Elrington, Captaine 
John Sidney, Captaine John Kingsmyll, & Mathew Wroth, a Corporal! 
of my horse Companie) gaue beyond my Bodie, & enforced them to 
giue ground a good way by meanes whereof I recouered myselfe, was 
sett vp on my horse & soe safelie brought of, & Conducted home, 
& they sufferred with the prey they had gott to departe without fur- 
ther pursuite. 

I kepte my Bedd of this wound by the space of a fortneth, my 
chamber a weeke after, & then I came abroade, & the first thinge I 
did, I tooke a viewe & particuler muster of all the Companyes. 
Howe weake I found them euen beyonnd expectation (though I had 


scene them decay very fast before,) is scarselie credible, & I thinke 
noe man will denye, but it was euen then a strange Companie, that of 
150 in list could bring to doe seruice 25 or 30 able at the most. 

Then did 1 alsoe manifestlie discouer the Trechery of the said 
Moyle Morrogh Mac Swynedo, [Mael-muire Mac Suibhnena d-Tuath,] 
hauing intercepted the Messanger that he imployed to O'Donnell in all 
his Bussines, out of whose mouth I gott a full Confession of all his 
Practices, & especiallie that it was hee, that caused his men of purpose 
to driue forth our horses, which he was so manifestlie convinced of as 
hee had not the face to denie it, wherevpon I deliuered him to Cap- 
taine Flemminge, who was then going to Dublin, to carry to my lord 
Deputie, there to receiue his tryall, who putting him vnder hatches in 
his shipp, & himselfe coming to shoore with his Boate, the hatch 
being opened to sett Beere, he stept vp vpon the Decke, & threwe 
himselfe into the Riuer, and soe Swamme away to O'Cane's side, 
which was hard by; they in the shipp amazed with the soddaynenesse 
of the fact, & doing nothing that tooke effect to prevent it. 

On the 24th of August came Roory brother to O'Cane, (hauing 
before made his agreement with inee, to serue vnder Sr Arthur O'Neale) 
& brought with him 12 horse, 30 foote, & 60 fatt Beeues, a Present 
welcome at that time, for besides that fresh meate was then rare to be 
had, our provisions in stoore were very neere spent; I gaue him therefore 
a Recompence for them in money, & allowed him a small parte of 
souldiers to goe forth againe, whoe returned the next day & brought 
40 more. Annother small Pray hee sett againe within fewe dayes 
after, & then thinking hee had gayned himselfe Credite enough, hee 
came & demaunded 800 men to doe an enterprise withall, that should 
be (as he tould a very faire & probable tale for,) of farr greater im- 
portance & seruice to the Queene ; I had onlie the persuation of Sr 
Arthur O'Neile (who I verylie thinke was a faithful & homiest Man,) 
granted him some men, though not halfe the Number he askt, because 
in truth I had them not. But before the time came they should sett 
forth, Sr Arthur had changed his opinion, & bad mee bewarre of 
him; I stayed my hand therefore, & refused him the men. He appre- 
hended I did it out of distrust, & with many oathes & Protes- 
tations indeuored to perswade mee of his truth & fidelitie; But 


finding all would not prevaile, he desired I would suffer him to goe 
alone with such men of his owne as he had, & he would retourne 
with such a testimonie of his honnestie, as I should neuer after haue 
Cause to be doubtefull of him more ; I was content, soe hee left mee 
Pledges for his retourne, hee offered mee two that accepted of theire 
owne accords to engage their Hues for it, & himselfe besids promised 
it with a solemne oath taken vpon the Bible, soe I lett him goe ; The 
next day hee came backe to the waterside right ouer against the towne 
with 300 Men in his Companye, and hauing the Riuer betweene him 
& vs, called to the souldiers on our side, & bad them tell mee, he 
was there returned according to promise ; But ment noe Longer to serue 
against his owne Brother, & if for his Pledges I would aecepte of a 
Ransome of Cowes, he would send mee in what reasonable Number 
I should demaund ; But threatned If I tooke away their Hues, there 
should not an English man escape, that euer came within his danger ; 
This being presentHe brought vnto mee, & approved to be true by 
Repetition, in myne own sight & hearing, I caused a Gibbett to be 
straight sett vp, brought them forth, & hanged them before his face, 
& it did afterwards manifestlie appeare, this man was of purpose sent 
in from the very begining to betraye vs, & at this time he had laid 
soe faire a Plott, all was done by directions of Tyrone, who laye in 
Ambush to receiue vs. 

And now the winter beganne to be feirce vpon vs, our men wasted 
with continuall laboures, the Hand scattered with Cabbins full of sicke 
men, our Biskitt all spent, our other prouisions of nothing but Meale, 
Butter, & a litle Wine, & that by Computation to hould out but 
6 dayes longer. Tyrone and O'Donell, to weaken vs the more, Pro- 
claming free passage & releife through theire Countrie to send them 
away to as many as would leaue vs and departe for England, our two 
fortes, notwithstanding all the dilligence wee had beene able to vse, 
farre from the state of being defensible, O'Donell well obseruing the 
opportunitie of this time, if his skill and Resolution had beene as 
good to prosecute it to the full, on the 16th of September came with 
2000 Men about Midnight vndiscouered to the very edge of the Bogge, 
that divides the Hand from the mayne Lande, (for our horses were soe 
weake & soe fewe, that we were not able to hould watch any further 


out,) & there, being more then a good muskett shott of, they dis- 
charged theire peeces, whereby wee had warning enough (if neede had 
beene) to put our selues in Armes at leysure, But there was not a Night 
in many before wherein both myselfe & the Captaines satt not vp in 
expectation of this attempt, and Captaine Thomas White hauing some 
20 horse readie in Armes for all occasions, came presentlie & brauelie 
Charged vpon the first that were now past ouer the Bogg & gott into 
the Hand, kild about 14 or 15, whose bodies wee saw lying there the 
next day, & the rest takeing a fright, confusedly retyred as fast as 
they could, yet to make it scene they departed not in feare they kepte 
thereabouts till the morning, & then assoone as it was broad day 
Light, they made a faire Parade of themselues vpon the side of a hill 
full in our sight & soe marched away. 

The very next day came in a supplie of victuells, very shortlie 
after 50 newe horse, & shortelie after that againe 600 foote, & 
withall because the lords had beene aduertized, the stoore-howses wee 
erected at first of Deale boardes onelie were many wayes insufficient & 
vnable to preserue the munitions & victuells in, they sent vs about 
this time two frames of Timber for bowses, with most thinges necessarie 
to make them vp withall, which they ordayned to supplie that defect 
with & now alsoe where before the souldiers were enioyned to worke, 
without other allowance then theire ordinarie pays. Theire lordships 
vpon advertisment of the inconueniencie thereof (which in truth was 
such, as doe what wee could the workes went but exceedingly slowlie 
forward, & with very much difficulty), I then receiued order to give 
them an addition to theire wages (when they wrought vpon the fortifi- 
cations) of ds. a day, & soe wee were then in all thinges fullie & 
sufficientlie releeued. 

On the third of October came in Neale Garvie O'Donell with 40 
horse & 60 Foote, a man I was also directed by the state to winne to 
the Queene's seruice, & one of equall estimation in Tyrconnell that 
Sir Arthur O'Neale was of in Tyrone. The secreet messages that had 
past betvveene him & mee, hee found were discouered to O'Donnell, & 
therefore somewhat sooner then otherwise he intended, & with less 
assuraunce & hope of many Conditions that hee stood vpon ; yet it is 
true, I promised him in the bchalfe of the Qucene, the whole Countrev 


of Tirconnell to him & his heires, & my lord Deputie & Councell at 
Dublin did afterwards confirme it vnto him vnder theire hands, & his 
Coming in was very acceptable att that time, & such as wee made 
many vses of, & could ill haue spared. 

The next day after hee came, wee drewe forth our forces, & made 
a iourney to the Isle of tnche, where, by his information, wee had 
learned there was a good Prey of Cattell to be gott; But the tides fall- 
ing out extraordinarie high, wee were not able to pass them to gett in, 
so as wee were forced to turne our Course, & goe downe into O'Dogh- 
ertie's Countrie, though to litle purpose ; for knowing of our corning, 
hee draue away all before vs, onelie some stacks of Corne wee found, 
which wee sett on fire. 

The 8th of October I assigned vnto the said Neale Garvie 500 
foote & 30 horse, vnder the leading of Sr John Bowles, to goe to 
take the Liffer, where 30 of O'Donnell's men lay in Garrison in a Forte 
in one of the Corneres of the towne, & most of them being abroad 
when they came, were surpriced & slaine, & the place taken, yet 
soe as one of them had first putt fire into the Forte, which consumed 
all the Buildings in it, but the rest of the Hovvses scattered abroade 
in the towne (which were about 20) were preserued & stood vs after- 
wards in singuler good steade. 

O'Donell having heard of the takeing of this Place, came on the 
xith of October with 700 foote & 100 horse, & encamped himselfe 
about 3 myles off at Castle Fyn. The next day he came & shewed 
himselfe before the Towne ; our Garrison made out, had a skrimish 
with him of an houre longe, wherein Neale Garuie behaved himselfe 
Brauelie. Capten Augusten Heath tooke a light hurte in his hand, 
& some ten or twelve Men on ech side were slaine. 

On the 24th he came againe & laide himselfe in ambush a myle 
from the towne, watching to intercept our men Fetching in of turfe, 
which before our Coming the Irish had made for theire owne provision. 
The Alarme taken, the Garrison made forth againe, & Neale Garvie 
behaued himselfe brauelie as before, charged home vpon them, killed 
one, hurt one or two more with his owne hande, & had his horse slaine 
vnder him. Captaine Heath tooke a shott in the thigh, whereof he 
shortelie after died, &-some twenty more there were hurte & slaine. 


On the 28th of October dyed Sr Arthur O'Neale of a fevour, in 
whose place came presentlie after one Cormocke, a brother of his, that 
clamed to succeed him as the next of his kinne, & had in that name 
good entertainments from the Queene; But shortelie after came his ovvne 
sonne, Tirlogh, that was indeed his true & imediate heire, whoine 
the state accepted of & admitted to inherite all the fortune & hopes 
of his father. Hee had not attained to the full age of a man, & 
therefore the seruice he was able to doe was not greate, but some vse 
wee had of him, & I think his disposition was faithfull and honnest. 

All this while after Liffer had beene taken, O'Donell kept vp & 
downe in those parts, watching still to take our men vpon some advan- 
tage, but finding none, & hearing two Spanish shipps that were come 
into Calebegg [Killybegs] with Munition, Arms, Money, on the 10th 
of November he departed towards them, & betweene Tirone & him 
they made a Dividend of it. 

After hee was gone, the Garrison both heere & at Dunalong sett 
diuers Preys of Catle, & did many other seruices all the winter 
longe, which I stand not vpon to make particuler mention of, & I must 
confess a truth, all by the help & advise of Neale Garvie & his 
Followers, & the other Irish that came in with Sr Arthur O'Neale, 
without whose intelligence & guidance litle or nothing could haue 
beene done of our selues, although it is true withall they had theire 
owne ends in it, which were always for priuate Revenge, & we ours to 
make vse of them for the furtherance of the Publique seruice. 

And nowe came a practice of O'Donell's to open a discouverie, 
which had long beene mannaged in secret, & as he thought, Carried 
Close within the Compass of his owne & his associats' knowledge ; 
Captaine Alford, that had the keeping of Culmore, fell into priuate 
familiaritie with Hugh Boy and Phelim Reogh (of the Septs of Mac 
Dauids), two Principall men about O'Doghertie, & of as good Credite 
& estimation with O'Donell. These men requested to haue leaue to 
buy Aquavitee, Cloath, and such other Comodities as that place a/Forded, 
which the Captaine and I, hailing our ends in it as well as they theires, 
gaue them free libertie to doe, & with more free access then any 
other, They measuring theire hopes by theire good entertainement, 
of all presentlie aboard him to knowe if hee would sell the Foarto, 


Hee seamed not vnwilling, soe he might he assured of some good & 
reall reward in hand; Many Meetinges & Consultations they had 
ahout it, & all with my knowledge. In the end it was resolued his 
Reward should he a Chaine of Gould in hand, which the Kinge of 
Spairie had formerlie giuen to O'Donell, & was worth aboute 8 scoore 
poundes, a 1000 Ir. in money the first day the Treason should be ef- 
fected, & 3000 Ir. a yeare pention during his life, from the Kinge of 
Spaine; & for this he should onelie deliuer vpp the Foarte, with 
Neale Garvie in it, whome he should purposlie invite that Night to 
Supper. The time was sett & all thinges prepared ; the Chaine, as a 
reall achiument of theire designe, I had deliuered into my handes ; But 
when the day came, they tooke a distast, & without aduenture of 
future loss, were contented to giue ouer theire bargaine. And about 
Christenmas this yeare dyed Sr John O'Doghertie in Tirconnell, being 
fledd from his owne Countrey with his goods & people, a man that 
in shewe seamed wonderful] desireous to yeald his obedience to the 
Queene, But soe as his actions did euer argue he was otherwise minded ; 
But, it is true, O'Donell had at our first coming Ceazed his sonne, after- 
wards called Sr Cahir O'Doghertie into his hands, kepte him as a 
Pledge vpon him which might iustly serue for some colour of excuse, 
that he was not at libertie to vse the freedom of his owne will ; Being 
nowe deade, O'Donell sett vp in his place one Phelim Oge, a brother 
of his, neglecting the sonne who had bene bredd & fostred by the 
said Hugh Boye & Phelim Reaugh. These men tooke it as the 
highest iniurie [that] could be done vnto them, that theire Foster Child 
should be depriued of that, which they thought was his cleere & vn- 
doubtible right, & therevpon seriouslie addressed themselves vnto Mee, 
and made offer, that in case I would maintaine the sonne against the 
Uncle, & Procure he might hold the Countrey, according to the same 
Lettres Patients his father had it "before him, they would worke the 
meanes to free him out of O'Donell's hands, to bring home the People 
& Catle that were fledd, & with them togeather with themselues, yeald 
obedience & seruice to the state ; many messages & meetinges wee 
had about it, & none but to my knowledge ; O'Donell was still made 
acquainted with, yea & with the very truth of euery particular speach 
lhat past amongst vs ; yet soe was he deluded (being himselfe a Crafte 


Master at that arte), that in the end a Conclusion was made betweene 
vs, theire demands were graunted by mee, & confirmed by my lord 
Deputie & Councell, hee perswaded to sett the young man at libertie ; 
& when he had done, the people with theire goods retourned into the 
Countrie, took theire Leaues of him, & declared themselues for our 
side, & from that day forward wee had many faithfull & singuler 
good seruices from them, theire Churles & Garrans assistinge vs with 
Carriages, their catle, with plentie of iishe meate, & Hugh Boye 
& Pheliin Reaugh with many intelligences & other helpes; without 
all which, I must freelie confess a truth, it had beene vtterlie impossible 
wee could haue made that sure & speedie Progress in the Warres that 
afterwardes wee did. 

But therevpon begune Neale Garvie's discontentment, for presentlie 
he directed some men of his to be cessed vpon this Countrey ; 
O'Doghertie & Hugh Boy with greate indignation refused to accept 
them. Complainte came before mee; I asked him wherevpon it was that 
hee challenged this power ouer annother man's land ; he tould mee 
the land was his owne, for the Queene had giuen him all TyrconnelJ, 
& this was part of it; I aunswered it was true, I know well the whole 
Countrey of Tyrconnell was promised him in as large & ample manner 
as the O'Donnells had beene accustomed to hould it : But I tooke it 
there were many others in that Countrey, that had lands of their owne 
as well as they, whose intrest I neuer conceiued was intended to be 
giuen to him; Hee replied not onelie the Countrey of Tyrconnell, but 
into Tyrone, Farmanaght, yea & Connaught, wheresoeuer any of the 
O'Donnells had at that time extended theire Power, hee made Accompt 
all was his ; hee acknowledged noe other kinde of right or intrest in 
any man else, yea the very persons of the People he challenged to be 
his, & said he had wronge, if any one foote of all that land, or any 
one of the Persons of the People were exempted from him. I saide 
againe these Demaunds were in my Judgement very vnreasonable, but 
hee should receive noe wronge by Mee ; Let him haue Patience till wee 
might heare from my lord Deputie, & whatsoeuer his Judgement 
was I must & would obay ; wounderfull impatient he was of any 
delay ; but necessitie enforceing him, & the case sent to my lord, he 
returned this aunswcre with the aduise of the Councell, that the vtter- 


most could be challenged vpon the O'Doghertyes was but a chiefe Rent, 
sometimes paide to O'Neale, some times to O'Donnell ; but that what- 
soeuer it were, they were of opinion was extinct euer since they held 
imediatelie from the Crowne, if Neale Garvie thought otherwise, his 
reasons should be heard with fauour when time should serue, & noe 
parte of that was promised him but should be made good ; In the mean 
while he must be Contented, O'Doughertye must & should be ex- 
empted from him, which hee tooke with a greate deale more indignation 
& furie then became a man that was to raise his fortune onelie by the 
fauour of annother. 

But the Springe coming now on, & having the helpe of this Coun- 
trey for Carriages, towards the latter end of March I drewe Forth & 
made a iourney vpon mac Swyne Fanaght, whose Countrie lyes diuided 
from O'Doghertye's by a Bay of the sea, I came vpon him vnawarrs, 
& surprised & gott into my possesion about 1000 of his Cowes 
before hee had Leasure to driue them away ; Himselfe came vnto Mee 
vpon it, & desired his submission to the Queene might be accepted 
of, & vsed the mediation of O'Doghertye & Hugh Boy, that I 
would restore him the Prey, much entreatie & importunitie I was 
prest withall, & thinking with myselfe it might be a goode Example to 
such others as I should afterwards haue occasion to deale with, that I 
Sought not theire goods soe much as theire obedience (reserving a parte 
onelie for reward of the souldiers' labour,) I was contented & gaue 
him backe the rest, taking his oath, for his future fidelitie, & six 
pledges such as I was aduised to choose, & was borne in hand were 
very sufficient to binde him, & whereof his owne sonne was one ; & 
to have a tye on him besids, I left Captaine Ralph Bingley, with his 
Company of 150 Men in Garrison in his Countrey, att the Abbay of 
Ramullan ; It is true for all that, not long after, without Compulsion, 
he made his Reconciliation with O'Donnell vnder hand promised 
to betray the Garrison that lay vpon him, & secreetlie wrought to 
gett his Pledges out of my hand : But fay ling in both, & yet, resolued 
to goe on his Course, he draue away all his Catle goods, & openlie 
declared himselfe an Enymy against vs; In revenge whereof I presentlie 
hunge vpp his Pledges, & in September following made annother 
iourney vpon him, burnt & destroyed his houses and Corne, wherevpon 


Winter approaching insued the death of most of his People, & in De- 
cember after, at the earnest entreatie of Neale Garuie, I tooke his Sub- 
mission againe & sixe more Pledges, & from that forward he continewed 
in good subjection . 

In the beginning of Aprill I made another iourney vpon them of 
Sleught-art, a People that inhabited a Countrey in Tyrone of 16 
rnyles longe, most parte Bogg & wood, & bordering not farr of from 
the LifTer, where onelie I had by Neale Garuie's meanes Castle-Derg 
deliuered into my hands, which I left Captaine Dutton in garrison in 
with his Companie of 100 Men. 

And then wee rested at home in expectation of a Supplie of Men from 
England against Sommer, for nowe were those wee had exceeding-lie 
Wasted & decayed. 

In the mean while O'Donell meditating a Revenge vpon Hugh Bo/ 
& O'Doughertie, & rightlie consideringe the advantage of the time, 
& the glorie & profitt he might gett to himselfe, & the dishonnor 
& loss he should bring vpon vs, if yet he could shew himselfe master 
of this Countrey, & be able to Prey it in dispite of our Protection, 
determined to make all the preparation hee could for that purpose, and 
had gathered togeather a faire & sufficient Armye (as he thought) to 
execute his designe withall ; My care was as greate to Prevent him ; I 
haue scene a Mapp of that Countrey, made by hand, by which it would 
appeare plaine to any man's viewe how this bussines was Carried; But 
for that which is ancient & Comon, it giues noe light at all, for it is 
vtterlie false, & hath not soe much as the Resemblance of the true 
situation of those partes ; But pre-supposinge a sight of the better ; 
in that place where the two Bayes of the sea that encompass it for the 
most parte, come to meete some what neere togeather, the distance of 
the land betweene them is about 6 myles broade, in a manner all 
Bogge, with a riuer passinge through from one side to the other, & 
not passable for horse nor any Numbers of foote, excepte in 5 or 6 
Places, where there are certaine narrow foards of water to goe through, 
At one of the ends of this Necke of Land, stands an old broken Castle^ 
called Coelmackatren, at the other an old fforte, called Cargan ; into 
this, with a litle riewe dressing, I put Captaine Thomas Badby, with 
his Companie ; in the other Captaine Edmond Leigh ; Vpon ouery of 


the fiords I erected a small ffbrte, that held 20 Men a Peece, such of 
the people as I suspected I sente for & kepte as Pledges, the goodes, 
which chiefelie consisted of Catle, & were, I thinke, about 3000 
Cowes, I caused to be driuen to the further end next towardes Scotland, 
where a Peece of ground was invironed with Sea able to Containe them 
at large for 3 or 4 dayes, the passage wherevnto by land was nar- 
rowe, & had an old ruined forte standing in it, which maimed as well 
without as within made it of a difficulte entrie : Heerevpon the first 
alarum, I gaue order the Catle should be driuen, & this place did 
Hugh Boy & his brother vndertake to defend, with the aide of 200 
English by the Powle, which were selected out of all the Companyes, 
& sent vnder the Comaund of Captaine Humphrey Willis; All 
thinges thus prepared on our side, O'Donell with his Army came 
& encamped, a mile from Cargan aforesaid e, & seeing how I had 
fortefied the Passages, would not at temp te to force any of them, but 
stayed att Least a weeke, makeing Heurdells out of a small Coppice 
thereabouts, & in the Night brought them vpon his Men's Backes, laide 
them in a place out of reach of our forts, & soe on the 7th of May 
1601 made his passage both for horse & foote ouer them, which noe 
sooner had beene done, but his men shooted for ioye, as thinking them- 
selues most assured of theire prey ; But when they found all driuen 
before them, & that he came downe to the Bottome of the Countrie, 
where he sawe our English ioyned with the Natiues, readie to defend 
the Place, with the Catle behinde them, hee made a stoppe & en- 
camped close before them, the next day gaue an assalt, & was repul- 
sed, attempted againe, & sawe 40 of his men slaine, then out of hope 
to doe good, trussed vp Baggage, & not one Cowe ritcher then hee 
came in, made his retreate backe againe, Going out hee past by Coel- 
mackatren vpon the stronde, at a dead lowe water, where our Men had 
a litle skrimish with him, vnder succor of the Castle, & where I came 
with some fewe horse & foote to see what Countenance hee held in his 
departure ; Being cleane past I sawe his men drawe into Battaile, & I 
thinke that noe man that sawe them aswell as I, but will confess they 
were not fewer then 1500 ; Phelim Reagh in this assalt that was giuen 
behaued himselfe brauely with his owne handes, Hugh Boy homiest- 
lie acquitted himselfe in all this occasion, & both of them gaue suffi- 


cient testimonye theire hearts were at that time faithful!, and Zealous 
to the Queene's seruice. 

The very same day they past away by Coelmackatren, the shipps 
were discouered to the mouth of Loughfoile that brought vs a new sup- 
plie of 800 men. 

Then on the 24th of May I drewe two Iron peeces to Newtowne, a 
Castle in Tyrone, 6 myles distant from the Liffer in the way to Don- 
gannon ; this I beate vpon all one day, & the next morning had it de- 
liuered vp; It is a Pile of stone strong & well built, with an Iron 
Gate & Chaine att the doore, it hath before it a large Bawne compast 
with a good high Stone wall, & in the middest of it a fairie Irish thacht 
house, able to hould 50 or 60 men in it. Heere I left Captaine Roger 
Atkinson in Garrison with his Companie of 100 men, & because one of 
the cheifest vses wee intended these Garrisons for was to make suddaine 
Inroades vpon the Countrey, to Spoyle & pray them of theire Catle, 
& that impossible to be done without intelligence & Guidance of 
some of the Natiues, I left to assist him in that kinde one Tiiiogh Ma- 
gnylson, a man that came in with Sr Arthur O'Neale, that had often 
guided our men before in like seruices, & had gayned himselfe a great 
deale of loue & reputation amongst vs, & had now the Comaund 
of 100 Irish by my lord Deputies allowance ; I gaue speciall charge, 
he should be lodged cleane without the Bawne, & notwithstanding all 
his Credite a warry & circumspect Eye should be Carried vpon him. 

About the 20th of June, I brought the Demy Cannon I had, to Ai- 
nogh, a Castle of OCaines, standing in a lough, not much aboue amyle 
from the'Derrey, but the riuer betweene, with which I beate vpon it, the 
first day a good distaunce of, & did litle good, but at night wee drewe 
the Battery within 80 pase, & the next morninge wee founde the 
ward was runne out of it. Heere I receiued lettres from my lord Depu- 
ty, propounding to my choise, by way of discourse, two mayne seruices 
to spend this sommer vpon, the one the takeing of Ballyshannon, the 
other the meeting him at Blackwater, for Ballyshannon I had many 
reasons to refuse it, for the other imagyning noe impediment but the 
want of powder, perhappes, because I knewe in the takeing of these 
Castles a greate deale had beene spente, I called the Clarke of the mu- 
nition to Mee, & asked him howe he was stoored of Powder, hee tould 


mee bee had 60 Barrells; I was fullie satisfied in my minde, I enquired 
noe further, But returned my aunswere, In any parte of Tyrone, I should 
be readie to meete him, wheresoeuer h&e pleased. 

The 19th of July at the Derrey, I receiued two lettres togeather, one 
dated the 9th, the other the I4th of the same Moneth, by the first I 
was willed to prepaire myselfe to this iourney, by the second to make 
hast a waye, because his lordship was there & expected Mee ; I pre- 
senlie gaue order the Companies should drawe to Liffer, come fur- 
nished with Munition; word was brought mee they could gett noe Match; 
I called for the Clarke, & asked him the Reason, hee tould mee hee 
had it not; noe, said I, did yow not tell Mee the other day, yow had 60 
Barrells ? I tould yow, saide hee, that I had 60 Barrells of Powder & 
soe I had, but of Match yow asked mee nothing ; I demaunded if a 
Bairell of Match were not alwayes sent as a due Proportion toaBarrell 
of Powder, hee Confest it was, & ought to be soe, but much of that 
came hee saide, was rotten, & much had beene wasted, soe as nowe 
hee had it not ; I asked him why hee tould mee not soe much, when I 
spake of it the other day, hee said because my question, was of powder 
onelie & nothing of Match. Captaine Humphrey Covert was then go- 
ing for England, I examined him in his presence, & desire4 he would 
be a witness, to what hee sawe & heard, badd him send to all the Gar- 
risons for that hee had, & bring it togeather to the Liffer, when he 
had soe done, there was but 6 Barrells of it in all, & they short to, 
of that they ought to Containe^ I then propounded to the ancientest of 
the Captaines, what they would advise mee to doe, to faile my lord I 
sawe myselfe iustlie ly open to a greate deale of Reprochfull Censure, 
to ingage the Army with soe greate a want, how might I aunswere it ; 
They gauetheire oppinions, subscribed with theire handes, the proportion 
was a greate deale to litle to gett forth withall, for they knew.e ODonnell, 
& all the Countrey thereabouts were alreadie assembled to attend 
vs, & by all likeliehood would prouoke vs to skrimish by the way, & 
it was better to incurre any Censure of the world whatsoeuer, then to 
expose soe many Men to be a Butt onelie for theire Enymyes to shoot 
att; Therevpon I sent Leiuetenant Goordon to my lord with lettres, de- 
claring the accident, desireing suspension of Judgement till truth might 
be fullie examined, & ofFerring vpon perill of my life to come yett to 


the place, soe afterwardes, his lordship would furnish inee to returne 
againe. His aunswere was this, your wants are small in shewe, in substance 
greate, how this will be taken in England, that yow made them not 
knowne before the instant when it was impossible to supplie them, 
itbehoues yow to looke vnto, for mee, I must confess yow haue much de- 
ceiued my expectation, but 1 will not aduiseyow to doe anythinge, with 
the Queene's Army that is not warrantable by good reason, neither trust 
vpon Mee to helpe yow heere, for I ame not able, but if you can, take 
some other oppurtunitie of seruice to make amends withall. 

Now had O'Donnell, O'Caine, Cormocke mac Baron, & all the 
Cheifes of the Countrie thereabout made all the forces they were able, 
to attend the issne of this intended Meeting of my lord and Mee, and 
had drawne themselues togeather about Cormocke mac Barron's country, 
where they might be readie to fall vpon either of vs, as they should 
see theire best advantage ; & conferring with Neale Garuie, I then 
found by O'Donnell's absence, the countrie behinde him was left without 
gaurd, the Abbay of Dunnagall was kepte onelie by a fewe fryers, 
the situation of it close to the Sea, & very Convenient for many 
seruices, especiallie for a stepp to take Ballyshannon with, which was 
a worke, the manifould attempts & chargeable Preparations the Queene 
had been att to accomplish, & my lord himselfe had soe latelie aymed 
att, & valued equall to this other of meeting him at Blackwater, did 
argue would be of speciall importance & good acceptation ; I con- 
cluded therefore, & sent him away (the said Neale Garvie) with 500 
English souldiers to put themselves into this place, which they did on 
the 2nd of August. 

On the 6th of August I receiued a supplie of 200 Bundells of Match 
from Sir Arthur Chicliester from Knockfergus, & my lord hauing 
shortlie after performed at Blackwater what his intentions were, accord- 
ing to the opportunitie of that time, withdrewe his Army ; And then 
O'Donnell with those forces he had, returned & laide seige to these 
men which Continewed at least a moneth, & in the meane time on the 
19th of September, the Abbay tooke fire, by accident or of purpose, I 
could neuer learne, but burnt it was, all saue one Corner, into which 
our men made Retreate, & through the middest of the fire were 
forced to remoue their Provisions of victuell & the very barrells of 


Powder they had in stoore Captain Lewis Oriell comanded in cheife ; 
The face of this night's worke (for the firebeganne in the Eueninge) is 
easilie to imagination to behould, O'Donnell's men assayling, & ours 
defendinge, the one with as much hope, the other with as good a 
resolution, as the accident on the one side, & the necessitie on the 
other gaue occasion for; The next day when the fflame was spent, 
& that it appeared our men had gott a Corner of the house, which 
nowe stood by itselfe, & out of Danger to be further annoyed by the 
fire, O'Donnell sent Messengers of sumons vnto them, offered them 
faire Conditions to departe, terrified them with his strength, & theire 
impossibilitie to be releeved ; but all in vaine, theire passage to the 
sea was still theire owne, by land they sent mee word of theire estate 
& violentlie repelled his Messenger ; Heere againe I must confess 
Neale Garvy behaued himselfe deservinglie, for though I had at that 
time many informations against him, that could not but breed some 
iealousies of his fidelitie ; yet wee sawe he Continewed to the last, 
tooke such parte as our men did, had many of his men slaine at this 
seige, & amongst the rest a brother of his owne. 

Togeather with the Newes of this accident, came annother that 
Newtowne was betrayed by Tirlogh Magnylson ; This man hauing the 
Night before guyded our Men to the fetching of a Prey, came the next 
day & dyned with the Captane, inticed him to walke forth vpon the 
greene before the howse, lead him purposlie as farre as he could, & 
on the suddaine, with the helpe of 3 or 4 of his men, that followed 
him, Ceized him theire Prisoner, att the same instant two others had 
gott in vpon the Centynell at the Castle-doore, & the rest att the 
Bawne-gate suddenlie brake in, fell vpon the Souldiers, lying in the 
Irish thatched house & put them euery man to the Sword. 

And in like manner and vpon the same day was Captaine Dutton 
alsoe Betrayed at Castle Derreg, saue that the souldiers lives weere 
onelie saued. 

Ffor these losses there was noe reamidy for the present, for Dunna- 
gall I had before sent them provisions by sea which came to them in 
due time, & in a reasonable manner supplied most of theire wants, 
for the rest I could doe nothing but encourage them to hould it, & 
assured them to come to theire aide soe soonc as they should stande 
in neede it. 


But now came the newes of the Spanyards arrivall at Kinsaile, 
whereupon O'Donnell brake upp the seige, to march towards them. 
Tyrone made hast the same way, and soe alsoe did my lord Deputie, 
and it is true, the Countrey was nowe left voide and noe powerfull 
Enymy to encounter withall more then the Rivers, and the difficulties 
of the passage of the waves. 

And then, rinding a fitt opportunitie for it, I fraim'd a iourney vpon 
O'Caine, soe as I entred vpon him two wayes at once Captaine Roger 
Orme with 2000 Men past ouer at Greene-Castle in O'Doghertye's 
Countrie by boate, & I with the rest of the forces drewe vp to the 
Cannon, a wood that streacheth all a long the front of his Countrey as 
yow pass into it from the Derrey thowrough which was a pase guarded 
at that time by Rorie O'Caine with 300 Men, (of whose trecherie 
mention is made before). This man comes with 40 horse, & brand 
it a quarter of a inyle before his strength Edinond Groorne, a brother 
to Hugh Boy & Phelim Reagh, steppes out to encounter him. Roory 
slipps of from his horse, & beganne to runne away on foote, the 
other alights and pursues him, catches him by the Collor, & in veiwe 
of vs all bringes him backe, & delivers him to mee. I badd the 
Souldiers presentlie kill him, & soe without any greate resistaunce 
wee entred into the Countrey, which wee found large & full of howses 
& Corne; we diuided our selfes, one halfe toward the Band, one other 
half went forthright, & Captaine Orme tooke all alonge the sea shoore 
& sett a Compass about soe as at night wee mett altogeather and 
encamped in the middest of the Countrey, ech severall troupe hauing 
fired the houses & Corne they mett withall, which I neuer sawe in 
any place in more aboundance. The next day wee diuided our seines 
againe, wasted what wee found more, tooke some Cowes, but very many 
sheepe & other small Catle, & with much Pillage, which the 
Souldiers loaded themselues withall. Discerning nowe that the weather 
inclyning to a thawe, (for at first it was a hard frost,) [wee] made home- 
ward, & with much adoe could attaiue to repass those Riuers, which 
wee found dry in a manner when wee first came in. 

And now being earnestlie called vpon for a supplie of victuells by 
them at Dunnagall, (the second shipping I had sent about for that 
purpose, being kept backe with foule weather,) I tooke vp Garrons in 


O'Doghertie's Countrey, loaded them with salte & Biskett, & with 
100 Beeues went ouer the mountaines, most parte on foote, the wayes 
were soe rotten, & on the 12th day of December brought them releife ; 
& because I sawe that litle pyle reserued from the rage of the fire too 
small a greate deale to containe a large & important Garrison, I 
remoued parte of them, & added two Companys moore to ly at 
Ashrovve, an Abbay 10 myles further, & not aboue a quarter of a 
Myle distant from Ballyshannon ; left Captaine Edward Digges, the 
Sergiant Maior to Commaund there, tooke a viewe of the Castle, 
promised as soone as I came home to send him the Demy cannon, 
which before I had taken Ainogh withall, gaue my oppinion howe he 
should proceede in the vse of it, tooke oath & pledges of the cheife 
of the Inhabitants thereabouts, & soe returned. By the way I was 
a litle stopped by the passage of the waters, & before I came home, 
the Newes ouertooke Mee of the Lord Deputie's happie victorie att 
Kinsaile, of Tyrones flight and returning homewards, & of O'Donell's 
departure to Sea to goe into Spaine. I sent away the Cannon assoone 
as I came home, & on the 20th of March it arrived there, & on the 
25th (being the first day of the yeare 1602) was that long desired place 
taken by the said Captaine Digges, with less then a tenth parte of that 
charge which would haue beene willinglie bestowed vpon it, & the Con- 
sequence thereof brought many furtherances to the gennerall seruice. 

And now had I a good while before entertayned a partie, that vnder- 
tooke to deliuer mee Tirlogh Magnylson (that betrayed the Castle of 
Newtowne) togeather with as many of his men as were Guiltie of that 
bloodie treason, either deade or aliue. They protracted time as I 
thought, yet it was not full 4 moneths, after they had vndertooke it, 
before they had kild many of his People as they trauelled single vp 
& downe in the Countrey, & noe man knewe who did it, some of 
them alsoe came into my hands aliue, whome I caused the Souldiers 
to hewe in peeces with "theire swordes ; & nowe at last hee himselfe 
alsoe was lighted vpon ; His custome was alwayes (for feare of betray- 
ing) to goe forthe alone in the Eueninge, & in some old house or 
other in the wood, kindle a fire, & make as though he ment to lye 
there, after a while remoue & doe as much in annother, & soe from 
house to house 3 or 4 times, or more perhapps as his minde gaue him. 


A Boy was sent to watch him, who often brought these Men word where 
hee was, but still when they came they missed, & found hee was 
gone to some other place, yet in the end hee dogged him soe close, 
that after divers remoues, hee lookt in & sawe him pull of his trowses, 
& ly downe to sleepe, then came, & tould them of it, & fower of 
them togeather armed with Swordes, Targetts, and Murrions, fell in 
vpon him, hee gat up his Sword for all that, & gaue such a Gash in 
one of theire Targetts as would seame incredible to be done with the 
arme of a Man, but they dispacht him & brought mee his heade the 
next day, which was presentlie knowne to euery Boy in the Armey, 
& made a ludibrious Spectacle to such as listed to behould it. I gaue 
them a good some of money in hand for theire Reward, & promised, 
the warrs ended, they should enioy such landes as they & theire 
Septe had beene accustomed to dwell vpon, & assurance of favour & 
protection from the state. 

Tirlogh, alsoe, the sonne of Sir Arthur O'Neale, procured mee the 
Castle againe, onelie desiring whensoeuer the Garrison, I would put in 
it, should be withedrawne, it might not be deliuered into any Man's 
handes but his, as being a parcell of his ovvne peculier & Patrimonall 
landes, which I faithfullie promised him it should not. 

Ffor them of Sleught Art alsoe that betrayed Captaine Dutton, I 
brought them to come in & profess theire obedience by oath, & 
deliuery of Pledges, which nothwithstandinge they afterwardes brake, 
& I sett them in againe, with the most profound execrations vpon 
themselues, if they continewed not true, that the tongue of Man was 
able to express, & yet for all that they flewe out againe, & all the 
reamidie I could haue, was to wast & spoile theire Conn trey, & 
destroy theire people, which I did with all the extremitie I could, & 
yet the two cheife of them which were the Ringleaders of the rest, doe 
what I could escaped with theire Hues & kepte vp and downe in the 
woods euen till Tyrone was taken to Mercie, & they particulerlie 
pardoned with him, by my lord Deputyes express Comaund. 

On the 20th of Aprill, I made an agreement with Caue Ballogh 
[Cumhaighe Ballach] mac Rickard a Cheife Gentleman in O'Caine's 
countrie who deliuered mee the Castle of Dongevin, situate neere vpon 
the Glinnes, & about 18 myles wide from the Derrey ; the warres 
ended I gaue my word that it should be restored againe. 


In May, I receiued diuers lettres from my lord Deputie, all in dis- 
course about his intent of coming that sommer to Blacke water againe, 
where hee willed I should prepare myselfe to meete him ; And the 
lords from England had now sent vs annother supplie of 800 men, 
that landed att Derrey about the latter ende of this Moneth. 

And soe on the 16th day of June, from LifTer I sett forth to meete 
him ; But when wee had Marched two dayes, & lay in Campe ait 
Terwin Mac Guirck, I vnderstoode hee would not be readie till 6 dayes 
after, thereupon I returned backe, & hauing discouered by myne 
Eye as I past by it the day before, that Omy was a place easie to be 
fortefied, & stood convenient for many vses, to leaue a Garrison in, 
I made it Defensible with fower dayes' labour, & left Captaine Edmond 
Leigh solye in it, on the 26th I sett forward againe, & encamped 4 
Myles shorte from Dongannon, & going forth with some horse to 
discouer, I mett with my lord's skowts that Conducted mee that night 
to his Campe. 

The next day Sir Arthur Chichester came oner at Lough Sidney, 
| Lough Neagh] & landed 1000 Men at that place, where he presentlie 
erected a fforte, which had afterwards the name giuen it of Mountioy, 
& my lord hauing gayned his passage before and erected annother at 
Blackwater, which he called by the name of Charle Mounte, the axe was 
nowe at the roote of the tree, & I may well say, the Necke of the Re- 
bellion as good as vtterlie broken, for all that Tyrone was afterwardes 
able to doe, was but to saue himselfe in places of difficult access vnto. 

Ten dayes (as I remember,) I stayed with his lordship in these partes, 
assisting him to spoyle & wast the Countrey, which he indeuored by 
all the meanes hee could possible to doe, & then my prouision of 
victuell spent hee gaue mee leaue to retourne, with order to be in a 
readines againe to meete him about a Moneth after. 

I was noe sooner come home to the .Derrey, But O'Caine sent Mee 
an offer of his submission, I acquainted my lord withall, hee bad mee 
dispatch make shorte with him, that wee might be the readier for 
a Mayne Prosecution vpon Tyrone : soe on the 27th of July, wee came 
to a full agreement, the substaunce whereof was this (Countersigned 
with ech of our handes, that soe much of his Countrey as ley betweene 
the Riuers of Foghan, Bangibbon, & Loughfoyle, should be to her 


Maiestie to dispose of to whome shee pleased ; a peece of Ground 
should be allotted for maintenance of a Garrison at the Band, the rest 
he should haue her Maiestie's lettres Pattents for, to hould to him & 
his heires. These Conditions my lord acknowledged to be better then 
hee looked for, approued them vnder his hand, promised mee the in- 
heritaunce of the reserued lands, & gaue mee the present vse & 
Custodium of it vnder the Exchequer Seale, & him the like of the 
rest, then wrote vp to mee, to drawe vp to the Oiny, to wast all the 
Countrie I could thereabouts, there to attend him against hee sent 
vnto Mee againe. 

On the 10th of August I came thither, & Hugh Boy, coming 
after mee the next day, was sett vpon & slaine by a partie of loose 
fellowes that fell vpon him by chaunce ; A man whome I found faithfull 
& honnest, let Enuie & Ignoraunce say what they will to the Con- 
trarye. Hee left three brothers behinde him, Phelime Reaugh, Edmonde 
Groome, & Shaine Cron ; they were all men of very good parts, & 
deserued a better Countenance at least from the state then my Creditt 
was able to procure them, which if they had had, & those Courses 
forborne that Phelime Reaugh was vext withall, by particuler Persons, 
vpon no sufficient ground of reason, that I ame wittnes to, theire Hues 
had perhappes beene preserued to this day, & a better oppinion con- 
cerned of vs in gennerall then is, by the rest of that Nation. Let noe 
man Censure mee a misse for this kinde of saying; for I hould it a 
sinne to Conceale a truth where I ame interested & haue occasion to 
speake it. 

Being heere, <Si knowing my lord was not yet readie to take the 
fcild, I was tould by Irish Guides of a prey that in theire opinion was 
easilie to be sett out of Cormocke mac Baron's Countrey, & I liked 
theire reasons soe well, that I resolued to giue an attempte for it. Soe 
I tooke out 400 foote & 50 horse, & sett forth in the eueninge & 
Marcht all Night; by breake of the day wee found it was gone further 
then they made accompte of, & loath to retourne Emptie, wee fol- 
lowed it till wee were at least 3 myle from home, Captaine Edmond 
Leigh that Comaunded the vaunt Guard, with a fewe light horse & 
foote in the ende ouertooke it gaurded by Cormocke himselfe, whome he 
presentlie charged & beate away ; then went in & gathered about 


400 Cowes togeather, & brought them to vs where wee made a stande 
with the Mayne forces. Wee were then all exceeding wearie, & there- 
fore finding howses at hand, satt downe & rested our selues a while. 
After wee risse, & had marched about three Myle, wee might discerne 
troupes of Men gathered togeather in Araies drawing towards a wood 
which wee must pass thorowgh, to possess themselues of it before vs. 
I then allighted, sent away my horse, & put myselfe in the Rere, 
badd the rest of the horse with a fewe foote & the Prey make hast 
& gett thorowgh as fast as they Could, & soe they did before there 
came downe any greate Numbers vpon them ; Upon vs that came after 
with the foote, they fell with a Crye, & all the terrour they were 
able to make, skirmisht with shott, till all our Powder on both sides 
were spente ; then came to the sword & Push of Pike, & still as wee 
beate them off, they would retyre, & by & by come vpon vs againe. 
These kindes of assaults I thinke I may safelie say, they gaue us at 
least a dozen of; yet in the end wee carryed our selues cleere out, came 
to a place where our horse made a stand vpon a faire large, & hard 
peece of ground. There wee put ourselues into order of Battaile, 
drewe forth againe & Marched away; they stoode in the edge of the 
woode, & gaue vs the lookeing on, but offered to follow vs noe fur- 
ther ; soe we lodged quietlie that Night, & the next day came home 
to Omy where wee diuided our Prey, withein 20 of the full Number of 
400 Cowes, & found wanting of our Men about 25. The pase we 
went through was a good Myle longe, the wood high Oaken Timber, 
with some Coppice amongst it, & most of the wayes nothing but dirte 
& myre. O'Doghertie was with vs, alighted when I did, kept mee 
cornpanie in the greatest heate of the feight, beheaued himself e brauelie, 
& with a great deale of loue & affection, all that day, which at 
my next meeting with my lord, I recommended him for, & he gaue 
him the honnor of knighthoode in recompence of; And so of the Cap- 
taines & officers, there was not one but was well putt to it, & had 
none other meanes to quitt himselfe by, but his owne Valour ; And these 
I cannowe call to Remembrance were Captaine Leigh, Captaine- Badby, 
Captaine Ralph Bingley, Captaine John Sidneye, Capt William 
Sidney, Captaine Harte, & Ensighe Davyes, that was shott in the 
theigh, & not without Difficulty brought of & afterwards safelie cured. 


Shortely after my lord wrote vnto Mee, he was almost readie for the 
feilde againe, & had a purpose to plante a Garrison at Clogher or 
Aghar, both standing on this Cormocke's landes, willed mee, if I could, 
to bringe a peece of Artillery with mee, & as much victuell as I was 
able, & soe be in a readines against the next time I should heare 
from him. Artillery I was not able to bring, but about 10 dayes after 
I came to him, about 8 myles wide from Dungannon, &, as I remem- 
ber, founde Sir Arthur Chichester with him, but sure I ame, wee mett 
all three about that time, & marched togeather about 6 or 7 dayes> 
in which time the Castle of Aghar standing in a lough 12 myles wide 
from Omy was yealded to him, & he placed Captaine Richard 
Hansard in Garrison in it, with 20 dayes victuell, & lefte mee in 
charge to supplie him when that time came out, which I did to the 
very day Tyrone was taken in, & order giuen for restitution of it 
into his handes ; & afterwardes when wee parted, hee sent Sir Hen : 
Follyatt with Mee to Coinaund att Ballyshannon, first with directions 
to be vnder Mee, but not long after to be absolute Gouernor of himselfe. 

As I came home, finding avoydance by a ward in a Castle of Harry 
Hovodin's, 3 rnyles from the Newtowne, & standing in a loughe, 
seeing a peece of grouiide that Comaunded iust vpon the gate, 1 drewe 
a trench, & lodged Musketeers, that did nothing but beate vpon it, 
& left Captaine Nicholas Pynner with two Companys to plye them, 
whoe did it soe well, that within 14 dayes the place was giuen vp, & 
because I would not trouble myselfe with the care of Victuelling it, I 
pulled it downe & raised it to the ground. 

And shortelie after this, was Roory O'Donnell, brother to O'Donnell 
that was fledd into Spaine (and himselfe banished his Countrey & 
living in Connaught,) taken in by my lord Deputie, a profest enymy 
to Neale Garvy, who apprehended such Jealousies vpon it, as made 
him runne Courses that were afterwards his vndoing. It gaue an oc- 
casion to make it be thought, Tyrone alsoe should be taken to Mercye, 
& thervpon O'Cairie came vnto Mee, & requested I would write 
vnto my lord, that in case hee were, his lordship would please to Re- 
member, he had promised him to be exempted from him, & that hee 
desired hee would bee as good as his word ; I thought it needless, but 
yet at his importunitie I did soe, & receiued this answere, that his 


lordship knewe not yett whither hee should be taken in or noe, but if 
hee were, beleeve mee, said hee, O'Caine shall be free & exempted 
from him. Wee both then rested securelie satisfied from all further 

On the 18th of November I receiued an advertisment from Sir 
Arthur Chichester, that Tyrone had betaken himselfe to the Glynnes, 
& that his opinion was, if hee were well sett vpon by both of vs 
togeather, his heade might perhappes be gott, or at least he might be 
driuen & forced out of that place ; wee discoursed vpon it by lettres, 
& agreed to giue the atteinpte, & on the 18th of December, with 
all the forces I was able to make, which was 50 horse, 450 English 
foote, 200 of O'Caines, & 100 of O'Doghertyes Kearne, Neale 
Garvie beinge then & longe before estraunged from Mee, 1 came to 
Dongannon, which is 5 Myles shorte from the en trie of the Glinnes. 
The first day I lay still, & gaue aduertisinent onelie to Sir Arthur 
Chichester of my coining, whoe was (as I imagined) newe come to the 
other side. The next day I went vp to a Mountaine 4 Myle off, where 
1 viewed them with myne Eye, & it seamed (as wee were tould be- 
fore) they were ten Myle broade, & 20 Myle longe, all Couered with 
thicke wood, and questioning with my guides about the course I should 
hould to make my Entry into them, I founde nothing but varietie & 
contradiction of opinions, & therefore the next day after, at night, I 
appointed Captaine Ralph Bingley with 100 light English, & most of 
O'Caine's & O'Doghertye's Kearne, to goe in as farre as they could, 
& bring Mee certaine word how the wayes were. They had not gone 
aboue a Myle, but the Irish mutyned, & for noe perswation would 
goe any further, & O'Caine's men plainelie brake off & went home 
to theire bowses ; O'Dougherties returned to the Campe, but firmelie 
maintayned the wayes were not passable. Upon the 23rd I held a Con- 
sultation with the Captaines, & conferred with our Guides in theire 
presence, & thus by concurrance of voyces wee gathered from them 
of the most certaintie, but there was noe way possible to corne 
neere to Tyrone, but wee must first for one day e's journey abandon all 
Carriadge but what wee had on our backes, & incampe one night in 
the woodes; that att our first entrance wee must pass a brooke, which 
if rayne fell, wee could not repass againe till it ceased ; That Tyrone 


lay plasht all about with trees, & had sente most of his Cowes to 
Sleugh-Gillen, where it would he in vaine to make after them. And 
demaunding theire oppinions herevpon, they all agreed, seeing the 
Irish soe backward, and these inconveniences withall, It were better to 
leaue good store of Irish to ply him with contynuall Stealthes, & 
they thought it would weaken him more, & be a safer Course, then 
to attempte him with these mayne forces, that att the vttermost, 
it could not bee above 2 or 3 Monethes, before of himselfe, hee would 
be forced out of that place to a more open Countrey, where he might 
be dealt withall better Cheape. Yet if Sir Arthur Chichester thought 
otherwise, & would on his parte resolue on a day to enter on his side, 
lett them haue knowledge of it, & all excuses sett aparte, vpon perill 
of theire Hues, they would meete him or lye by the waye. I presentlie 
sente away my lettres with aduertisment of this resolution of theires, 
& attending an aunswere, on the 26th I receiued one from him dated 
the night before, wherein he wrote he had heard but one from Mee, 
& that was at my first Coming, woundred at it, & desired to knowe 
my resolution, setting downe 4 dayes longer to stay for it, & then if 
it came not to be gone ; whereby it appeared that most of my lettres 
were miscarried, for it was well knowne there had not one Night past 
after I came, but 1 writt & made one dispatch or other vnto him, 
& the next day our principall Guide (to encrease the suspition) came 
away from vs & went to Tyrone. Annother knowing that 30 Cowes 
were coming to Mee vpon the way, from the Derrey, went inter- 
cepted them, & followed the same way. A Rumor was raised alsoe 
that Neale Garvie had prey'd the Liffer, & lastlie our strenght was 
nowe decreased at least 50 Men that were fallen sicke. The Consider- 
ation of these thinges added to the former, made vs then to send word 
againe, he should not stay vpon vs, for wee were fullie resolued to 
turne home, & soe wee did, leaving behinde vs 100 Irish that vnder- 
tooke to be still doing vpon him, & presentlie after placeing a Gar- 
rison att the Band, both to stopp his traffique that was for many ne- 
cessaries, that hee could not well Hue without, as alsoe to prevent his 
escape by Sea, if he should attempt it, as I was crediblie aduertised 
he was in consultation to doe: Besides I had intertained diuers that 
seuerallie vndertooke to deliuer Mee his heade. I knewe Sir Arthur 


Chichester had done the like, & soe attending the opportunitie that 
time should offer being come home to the Derrey, this bussines came 
in my way to deale in. 

Neale Garvie (as I said before) had a longe time carryed himselfe 
discontented, estrainged himselfe from mee, & lined altogeather in 
those partes about Ballyshannon, & it is true, those seruices he had 
done, alwayes dulie acknowledged, I had very often & very bitterlie 
Complayned of him to my lord, & my Reasons were these : Hee did 
openly & contynuallie contest with Mee to haue the people sworne to 
him and not to the Queene ; To haue noe officer whatsoeuer but himselfe 
in his Countrey; Hee would not suffer his men to sell vs theire owne 
goodes, nor worke with vs for Money, nor till or sowe the ground any 
where neere vs, nor yeald vs any Carriages for the Army, as 
O'Doghertye, and all other that were vnder the Queene did : yea he 
hath taken Cowes from his People vnder noe other Colour but because 
they haue come to Mee when I haue sent to speake with them ; Diuers 
steal thes haue beene made vpon vs, whereof it hath beene proued he 
had his shaire, & nothing more C onion with him, then to receiue & 
Conceale Messengers from Tyrone, & O'Donell, & when he hath 
first denyed it, & afterwards had it proued to his face, his onelie 
excuse was he refused theire offers. Hee would not endure that any 
Man of his Countrey should be punished for any Cryme, though neuer 
soe haynous, & manifestlie proued ; but take it as the highest iniurie 
could be done vnto him. His Entertainements were about 12 a day, 
for himselfe & the Men hee had in pay, & yett would muster but 
when hee list, and sometimes absolutelie not at all ; Many Misdemeanors 
there were in him of this kinde, & many friendlie perswations haue I 
vsed to reforme them, that done, his greatnes in the qualitie of a 
subiect, I neither did nor had reason to Envie. Now it fell out that 
my lord wrote for Rorie O'Donnell to come to him to Dublin ; Hee 
being in Connaught, desires first to putt ouer his Catle into Tirconnel, 
which would otherwise be in danger in his absence to be preyd by 
those of that prouince that yett stood out in Rebellion ; my lord giues 
him leaue, & writes to Neale Garvie that hee shall not molest nor 
trouble them, & soe Roory takes his Journey. Hee was noe sooner 
gone, & the Catell put ouer, But Neale Garvie, notwithstanding my 


lord's Comaund, Ceizes them as his owne, vnder pretents they were the 
goods of the Countrey belonging vnto him. Complainte made, my lord 
writes to Me to see them restored ; I send vnto him & hee refuseth. 
My lord vpon that bidds Mee discharge him of his Entertainements, 
& writes vnto him without delay to come to him to Dublin. Hee 
growes more discontented, & deferres his going. Thus it runnes on for 
at least 3 Monethes togeather, & neither would he come to Mee nor 
my lord, nor by any meanes be perswaded to make Restitution. In the 
ende he assembles of his owne aucthoritie all the Countrey att Kilinac- 
koran, [ Kilmacrenan] a place where the O'Donnells vse to be chosen ; 
There hee takes vpon him the title, & with the Ceremonyes accus- 
tomed, proclaymes himselfe O'Donell, & then presentlie comes to Mee 
to the Derrey, with a greater troupe of attendances then at any time 
before, & they styling him at euery word my Lord. Assoone as I 
sawe him, I asked him howe he was thus suddenlie stept into the 
Name of a lord : hee tould Mee they called him so because he was 
O'Donnell. I asked him by what aucthoritie he was soe, & hee said 
by my lord Deputies ; I badd him make that appeare vnto Mee & 
all was well. Hee pluckt out a lettre written vnto him from my lord 
about two yeares before, Superscription whereof was this, ' To my very 
loving friende O'Donnell ;' I asked him if this were all the Warrante 
hee had, & hee said yes. I asked him why he went not to my lord all 
this while, nor came vnto Mee sooner, nor restored Rone O'Donell's 
Catle. His aunswere was this; you knowe the whole Countrey of 
Tirconnell was long since promised Mee, & many seruices I haue 
done, that I thinke haue deserued it, but I sawe I was neglected, & 
therefore I haue righted myselfe, by takeing the Catle, & People, 
that were my owne, & to preuent others, haue made inyselfe O'Don- 
nell; now by this meanes the Countrey is sure vnto Mee; & if I 
haue done any thinge amisse, lett all be pardoned that is past, & 
from this day forward, by Jesus' hand, I will be true to the Queene, 
& noe Man's Councell will I follow hereafter but yours. You take a 
wronge Course, said I, it may not goe thus, the first aetyow must doe 
to procure forgiunes for your faults (if it may be) is to make restitu- 
tion of the Catle ; if you doe it not of your owne accord, I knowe yow 
will be forced vnto it vpon harder Conditions. Yet at that time nothing 


I could say would prevaile with him, & soe hee departed downe into 
the towne ; And of all these manner of Proceedings I writt vnto my 
lord : But it is true the next day hee carne & made offer to restore 
them, & I was glad of it, & sent for Rory O'Donnell (who was 
then at the Liffer) to come and receiue them, & my thoughts were 
fullie bent to make the best Reconsilation of the Bussines that I could. 
Roory came but with open Clamour, that Neale Garvie had laide a 
Plott to murther him by the way, & it is true, if the Confession of 
3 of his owne Men may be beleeued, he was the Night before in 
Consultation to haue it done, but did not (as they say) Resolue vpon 
it ; but this put all the Bussines out of fraime, for then could wee get 
Roory to noe kinde of Patient Conferrence, & in the meane time came 
lettres from my lord to this effect, that hee had now taken in Tyrone, 
& was fullie resolued to beare noe longer with Neale Garuie, and 
therefore if I were sure he had made himselfe O'Donnell, it was trea- 
son by the lawe, 1 should lay hould on him & keepe him safe. My 
lord, I was sure, was mistaken in the qualitie of his offence, for I 
looked vpon the Statute Booke, & sawe that Rigerous lawe was onelie 
for such as made themselues O'Neales, for those that looke vpon them 
to be heads of other families, the Punishment was onelie a Penaltie of 
100 marks. I pawsed therefore & was doubtefull with myselfe, whi- 
ther by this Misgrounded warraunt I should doe well to restrayne him 
or noe. But while I stood aduising vpon it, Came others lettres of ad- 
uertisement of the Queene's death, & order to Proclame the kinge. 
Then I entred into a further Consideration, should this man take the 
aduantage of the time, & knowinge he hath offended the state, stepp 
aside & take Armes, thinkeing by that meanes to make his owne 
peace, how should I aunswere it, that haue him now in my handes, 
and my lord's warraunt to make him sure ? Againe what a Blemish 
would it be to all my actions, if the kinge, at his first Coming in, should 
finde all thekingdome quiet but onelie this litle parte vnder my Charge. 
This moued Mee (to send for him) Presentlie, & when hee came I 
tould him the Newes of the Queene's death. Hee seamed to be some 
for it. I tould him of the Succession of the kinge, then ame I vndone 
sayeth hee, for Roory hath better freindes about him then I. That 
speach encreased my iealousie, & therevpon I tould him further I 


had order from my lord to restraine him of his libertie. Then aine I a 
dead man, saith hee. I tould him noe, hee needed not feare any such 
matter, neither his life nor landes were yet in danger, his offence was 
a Comtempte onelie, & hee must be brought to acknowledge a higher 
Power then his owne. The Marshall offerred to put Boults on him ; hee 
sent vnto Mee & desired hee might not be handled with that indig- 
nitie, protesting with many oathes he would not offerr to flie away. I 
bad the Marshall forbeare, & hee desired then I would allowe him 
a guard of a dosen of Souldiers to looke to him, & soe I did. Then 
did hee seriouslie (as I thought) acknowledge his follye, promised 
faithfullie to doe nothing hereafter but by my Councell. I tould him 
if hee did soe, let him not feare, his Cryme was not Capitall, & that 
hee might well see by his vsage, for hee had libertie to walke vp & 
downe in the towne with his guard onelie. Hee seamed wounderfull 
thankfull for it, & my intentions were now wholie bent to doe him 
all the good offices might lye in my Power, but the third day after hee 
had beene thus Restrayned hee secreetlie caused a horse, to be brought 
to the towne gate, & noe man suspecting anythinge, hee sudainelie 
slipt aside & gott vp vpon him, & soe made an escape. Word being 
brought vnto Mee of it, I was then, I confess, extreamlie irritated 
against him, & castinge about what to doe, presentlie coniectured hee 
would goe to his Creaghtes, that lay about 8 Myle from the Liffer, 
& with him gett downe to the Bottorne of Tyrconnell toward the 
Hands, where I knewe was the greatest strenght he could goe to, & 
furthest (of any other) out of my reach. Therefore I sent first to 
Captaine Ralph Bingley that lay at Ramullan, fitt in the way to Cross 
his passage, that hee should speedilie make out to stoppe him till I 
came, which should be so soone as I could, & then to the Garrison 
att Liffer that they should follow him to whome Roory O'Donnell 
(being there at that time) readily wyned himselfe as glad of soe faire 
an opportunitie to advaunce his owne endes by. I was not deceiued in 
my Coniecture, & soe by that time I had writt these lettres, made 
ready the Souldiers to goe with Mee, was past ouer Lough Swilley 
by boate, & had marched some 7 or 8 Mile, I mett with the 
Newes that our Men had ouertaken & beate him, gott possession of 
the Cowes, which he fought for & defended with force of Armes as 


longe as hee was able (& were estimated to be about 7000,) & that 
hee himselfe was fledd into Mac Swyndoe's Countrey, with a pin-pose 
to gett into Owen Oge's Castle, which was reputed to be the strongest 
in all the North. 1 had then Owen Oge in my Coinpanie, to 
preuent him Required he would deliuer it to Mee, & soe hee did, 
onelie requesting hee might haue it againe, when the Garrison I should 
put in it, should be withdrawne, which I gaue my word vnto hee should ; 
& then seeing himselfe preuented of a place to retire vnto, spoyled 
of all his goods, & nothing in the world left him to Hue vpon, hee 
sent vnto Mee for a Protection to goe safe vnto my lord Deputie, & 
takeing his Brother for his Pledge, & his oath besids, that he would 
goe & submitt himselfe wholie to his Judgement, I was contented 
& gaue it him, put the Pray wee had taken from him vpon Roory 
O'Donnell's hand, because hee should not haue that pretense to say I 
had driuen him out of purpose to make Prev of his. goods, & soe 
promised to be there ere longe & meete him ; for no we 1 had re- 
ceiued diners lettres againe, one that my lord was purposed shortelie 
to goe for England, that his Maiestie (by his recommendation) was 
pleased to call Mee to be one of the Councell of Ireland, & that hee 
would haue Mee to come speake with him before his departure; ami- 
other to Comaund mee to suffer the Earle of Tyrone's Men to retourne 
to theire landes, & especially to the Salmon fishing of Lough Foyle, 
which till this time I had enioyed, & was promised the inheritaunce 
of, as a parte of the reward for my seruice ; And annother for restitu- 
tion of Castles, Tennemeuts, Catle, & many other thinges vnto him 
which altogeather gaue Mee occasion presentlie to prepaire my selfe to 
that iourney. 

But first by the way, let the reader, if hee please, now enter into Con- 
sideration, & lay togeather; before him, the some of all that which is 
written before, Imagining withall, he nowe sees A towne at the Derrey 
(for soe there was) built with litle or noe Charge to the Queene, able, 
besids the houses, for stowage of Munition & victuell sent by the state, 
to lodge convenientlie (in those erected by our owne labour & Indus- 
trie onelie) a 1000 Men with theire officers ; Hee shall see besids where 
wee landed on the 1 6th of May 1 600, & found not soe much as a drie 
sticke to succor our selues, with or vnder, the rest of the Countrev 


abounding with hawses, Come, Catle, & a People that had l< 
bredd vpp in Armes, flusht with former victories, & irjrictched witli 
the spoile of the rest of the kingdoms; Now, thatparfe wee held onely 
replenished with fiicB Corne& Catle as was left, the People reclajrmed 

to obedience, quiett & safe vnder our protection, & the rest desolute 
& waste, the People vpon it brought to desperate Extremitie, and 
enioyirig nothing but as ftigitiues, & what they troad vpon by stealth; 
let. him alsoo Consider wliat Castles & places of strength 1 haue gott 
&; maintayned, noe one of them lost againe for want of victuelliir 
other prouident care, no< e taken by the Annye, nor soe much 

as aparte of it at any time beaten in the field : And when last of all, 
that nowe on the 24th of March 1602 (for on that day was Tyrol, 
ken in) the bu D0 that wee came for, & the Warre happilie & 

gloriouslie ended ; And as annother, writing a d vpon the Jiat- 

taile of Kinsaile, where my lord worthylie gayned himselfe Lternall 
honnor (and yet had his actions depraued as well as I myne) tooke 
ion to make Comparison of the state of the kingdome as it then 
was, with that it was at his first Cominge, & saide of it (in his behalfe) 
as one argument for all against Enuious & detracting tongues, Quan- 
tum mutatus (tb illo ; May not I from that I found it in (without flat- 
tery to myselfe or vaine ostentation) say as much of the state of this 
parte of it Committed to my charge. Let M :]].' if I haue 

spoken vntruth, & then I refuse mot the Judgement of any that is 

I could speakeofa greate many more workes that we did, whereof 
the Countrey can riot but afford a Memory to this day : But my intent 
was from the begininge to touch onely the principall thinges, & noe 

And soe to retourne where I left, my intent of going to Dublin being 
publiquely knowne, diuers came to Mee with seuerall P^equests & 
membrances; and first O'Caine, who tould Mee the Earle of Tyrone had 
sent some Men of his to be Cessed vpon him, which did intimate as if 
hee were made Lord of his Countrey, woundred at it, because if it were 
it was directlie against my lord's Promise, & therefore desired 
to make his excuse that he receiued them not. 

Then O Doughertie, that he heard my lord went (o gine 


lie of Inch from him, & appealed to Mee that it was against the 
agreement made betweene vs. 

Younge Tirlough, sonne to Sir Arthur Neale, that my lord had al- 
readie giuen order for the deliuery of Newtovvne into my lord of Ty- 
rone's hand, challenged Mee of my Promise, & further desired his 
father's lands might be assigned him. My Guides & spyes, such as 
I had made many vses of, that the warres nowe ended, they might be 
restored to the landes they had formerlie dwelt vpon, & be serued 
[saved] from the Mallice of my lord of Tyrone & others that bare 
them a deadly hatred, onelie for the seruice they had done vnto vs. 

The sonne of one of them alsoe Complayned, that presentlie soe 
soone as the peace was published, his father going into Tyrone, to 
vissitt & make merrey with some of his old acquaintaunce, was taken 
vp & hanged by my lord of Tyrone's express Comaundement, & tell- 
ing mee whoe they were that first laid handes on him, I sente and 
apprehended them, tooke theire Examinations & kepte them in Prison. 

Somewhat I had to say for myselfe, & a greate deale about Neale 
Garvie, & with theire Memorialls to speake of when I came there, I 
sett forward my intended iourney, & when I came to my lord's pre- 
sence, I found him (as I thought) exceeding fauorable, & well affected 
towards Mee, for which after I had made profession of due & humble 
thankes, soe soone as the time serued fitly for it, wee entred into 

Ffirst, of Neale Garvie, whoe was there present Busyly framing Com- 
plaints against Mee, whome my lord reiected, &' would not vouchsafe 
to say any more vnto but onelie this: Neale Garuye, yow are greatlie 
indebted vnto the state, for the entertainements yow haue had & done 
litle for, I haue often heard yow Complayned of for many ill Con- 
ditions, & now by my owne Experience, I finde it hath not beene 
without iust cause, & therefore yow shall not expect any further fauour 
from mee, but be assured of seueritie according to your deserts. Hee 
beganne to replye, but my lord would not giue him the hearing. Then 
his lordship & I fell to in talke of him betweene our selues, and first 
he protested touching Roory O'Donell, that hee tooke him in vpon a 
free and absolute submission, & letting him first knowe hee had pro- 
mised the Conn trey of Tyrconell to another, soe that it lay not in his 


Power to giue him soe much as a hope of any parte of it, so care full 
he was of doing noe wronge to Neale Gamye, Neuertheless he was 
not then Ignorant of his perverse behauiour, hee had warned him 
often, sawe noe hope of amendment, & therefore was now fullie re- 
solued to beare with him noe longer, but thought himselfe both in 
honnor & Conscience free from all former Promises made vnto him ; I 
replyed, & wee had much speach about it; The some of all I saide 
was this, that I could not say any thinge in his behalfe, I had soe 
often Complayned of him before, nor had reason to doe it, in that I 
sawe him senceless of his owne faults, & indevoring all hee could, to 
lay the blaime of it vpon Mee ; yet many good seruices I neuer did, 
nor could denie but hee had done, it was true, they were made vn- 
sauorie by a peruerse kinde of Carnage in him, which ( I confess) I 
sawe noe hope of amendment of, & certainelie his occasions made it 
manifest, he affected not onelie a Soueraigne, but euen with all a ty- 
rannycall power ouer the landes & lyves & goodes of those people 
should Hue in any parte of the Countrey he accompted his, that this I 
had alwayes opposed against, & from hence grewe all the Contentions 
that were betweene vs ; That he had verified all I had euer accused 
him of, by his late disobedience to his lordship's owne Comaunde, & 
violentlie assuming to himselfe, that which hee might not haue done 
but by aucthoritie from annother ; that in his heart i was verylie per- 
swaded hee was at that time a Malitious Rebbell, & if it might be 
done with iustice, the safest course were to take of his heade, but if he 
had not done anythinges that Lawe could take hould of in that kinde, 
I sawe not how his lordship could thinke himselfe freed of his Pro- 
mises, nor what other punishment could be inflicted vpon him, but 
such as was due for a high Conteinpte, & that vndoubtedlie he was 
most worthie of: But if hee intended to giue away his whole Countrey 
from him to annother, besides the apparent breach of his Promise, 
there would many inconveniences insue of it, if hee divided it in any 
fashion whatsoeuer, he should but sowe the seeds of Ciuill discention, 
soe as to say truth, what meane course might be had with him was a 
clifliculte point to resolue on; But whatsoeuer his lordship would please 
to doe in it, I wisht hee might haue a Publique hearing & a Judiciall 
Sentence pronounced vpon him, other waves I sawe noe way possible 


to giue any Colour of satisfaction to the World. In the end our Con- 
clusion was this ; Hee badd Mee bethinke inyselfe, & sett downe in 
writing the vttermost of what I could charge him withall, & the 
proofes I was able to make, & to send it after him into England, & 
there hee would resolue to proceed with him accordinglie ; I did soe, 
& spared not any thing I could speake with truth against him, as 
hauing my heart inclyned at that time to doe him noe fauour ; I sent 
it by Captaine Harte, togeather with a discourse about O'Caine, both 
it & my lettres written both at that & other times into whose hands 
soeuer they are fallen, will giue a full testiinoniall of truth to all this 
which I now say ; but it wrought other effects then I either intended 
or expected. 

Then touching O'Caine I tould him [Lord Mountjoy] how the Earle 
of Tyrone had sent men to be cessed vpon him, & how hee refused 
them ; Sr Henry Docwra sayeth hee ; My lord of Tyrone is taken in 
with promise to be restored, aswell to all his lands, as his honnor of 
Dignitie, & O'Caine' s Countrey is his, & must be obedient to his 
Comaund. My lord, said I, this is strange & beyond all expectation, 
for I ame sure your lordship cannot be vnmindfull, first of the agree- 
ment I made with him, wherein he was promised to be free & to hould 
his lands from the Crowne, & then your lordship ratified & approued 
the same vnto him vnder your hand, haue iterated it againe diuers & 
diuers times both by word of Mouth & writing, how shall I looke this 
man in the face when I shall knowe myselfe guilty directlie to haue 
falsified my word with him ; Hee is but a drunken ffellowe saith hee, 
and soe base, that I doe not thinke but in the secreete of his hearte, it 
will better Content him to be soe then otherwise, besides hee is able 
neither to doe good nor hurte, & wee must haue a Care to the Pub- 
lique good, & giue Contentment to my lord of Tyrone, vpon which 
depends the Peace & securitie of the whole kingdome. My Lord, 
said I, for his drunkenness & disabillitie to doe good or hurte, they 
are not heere to come into Consideration, & for his inward affections, 
what they are I know not, But sure I ame hee makes outward shewe, 
that this will be very displeasing vnto him, and the manifest, mani- 
fould benifitts hee shall receiue more by the one then the other, are to 
my vnderstanding sufficient arguments to make mee thinke hee doth 


seriouslie inclyne to his owne good, & with your fauour, what good 
can ensue to the Publique by a direct breach of Promise whereof there 
is soe plaine and vndeniable Evidence extante vnder our hands, it 
passeth my vnderstanding to Conceiue. Well sayeth hee again e, that I 
haue done was not without the aduise of the Councell of this king- 
dome, it was liked of & approued by the lords in England, by the 
Queene that is deade, & by the king's Maiestie that is now living, & 
I ame perswaded not without good & sufficient Reason; It may not 
be infringed, but if yow can thinke vpon any course to Compase it 
in some good fashion that I be troubled noe more with it, I shall take it 
as an acceptable kindnes ; But howsoeuer, By God, sayeth hee, O'Cane 
must & shall be vnder my lord Tyrone. I then tould him I had noe 
more to say, though I were not soe fullie satisfied as I could wish ; yet 
hee should see my will was, & should be obedient & Confonneable to 
his, let it be soe, sayeth hee, & you shall doe mee a pleasure. 

Then touching O'Doughertie I tould him hee had hard his lordship 
had a purpose to giue away the He of Inche from him, which hee had 
shewed Me was expreslie contayned in his father's Graunte, & therefore 
would importe a breach of Promise both of myne & his owne ; Hee 
acknowledged he had beene moued in such a matter, but thanked mee 
for telling him thus much & bad mee be assured it should not be done, 
wherewith I rested fullie satisfied & tould O'Doughertie as much, whoe 
was at that time in towne in my Compaine. 

Then I came to younge Tirlough & tould him I had receiued a 
generall Warraunt from his lordship to restore all the Castles & houl- 
ders that I had in Tyrone, into my lord's hands That there were two 
videlicet the Castle of Newtowne & Dongevin, that were deliuered to 
Mee vpon Condition, that the Kinge hauing noe longer vse of them, 
they should haue them againe from whome I receiued them, & besids 
that of Newtowne was parte of the peculier lands belonging to Sir 
Arthur O'Neale, whose sonnes there were very many reasons for, 
should be fauored & respected by the state; Hee tould Mee it was with 
him as it; was with O'Caine all that Countrey was my lord of Tyrone's 
& what hee might be intreated to giue him, he might haue, But other- 
wise he could challeng noe right nor intrest in anythinge, & therefore 
for the Castles badd mee againe deliuer them, & for younge Tirlough, 
hee would speake to my lord [of Tyrone] to deale well with him. 


ffor my Guids & Spyes I then saw my aunswere before hand, & that 
it was booteless to Motion for any landes for them, yet I tould him 
what seruices many of them had done, what promises I had made them 
how vtterlie destitute of meanes they were to liue vpon, & how much I 
thought the state was ingaged both in honnor and Pollicie to prouide 
for & protect them ; Hee said he would speake to my lord of Tyrone in 
theire behalfe, & badd mee giue them what I thought good in victuells 
out of the kings stoore, & it should be allowed of; I was somewhat 
importunate for a Certaintie & Countynuance of meanes for them to 
liue vpon & that by aucthoritie of the state, they might be allowed to 
retourne to theire owne landes. But he would notindure to heare of it; 
vet hee spake to my lord of Tyrone in my presence, and he promised 
freelie to forgiue all that was past, & to deale with them as kindlie as 
with the rest of his Tenants ; howbeit afterwardes I could giue particu- 
ler instance wherein) he changed his Note and Sunge annother tune. 

I theu tould him of my Guide that my lord of Tyrone had hanged, 
he aunswered, he thought it was not without some iust cause, I desired 
that cause might be knowne, & the matter come to open try all ; Hee 
seemed to be extreamelie offended to be troubled with Complaints of 
that kinde, & my lorde of Tyrone said for his excuse, my lord had 
giuen him aucthoritie to execute Martiall lawe, & this was a knaue taken 
robbinge a Priest, & therefore worthyly put to Death. I was able to 
proue the Contrary, & offerred to doe it vpon perill of my life, by the 
Confessions of those Men I had at that time Prisoners in my hand; 
But seeing the Bussines soe displeasing to my lord I gaue it ouer, & 
afterwards one of them that was cheife in the action breaking Prison, 
I sett the rest at libertie. 

Then came I lastlie to my selfe, & tould him I receiued order 
from him to suffer the Earle of Tyrone's men to fish the Riuer of 
Loughfoyle, I hoped his lordship had not forgott, that hitherto hee had 
giuen Mee the proffitts of it & promised rnee the inheritaunce & that 
it was not his meaning to take it from Mee againe; Hee said Sr 
Henry Docwra, yow haue deserued well of the kinge, & your seruice, 
there is greate Reason should be Recompenced, But it must be by 
some other meanes then this. Yow see what promise I haue made 
to my lord of Tyrone, & it is not my Priuate affection to any man 


living that shall make mee breake it, because I knovve it is for trhe 
Publique good; yow must there foie let him haue both that & the 
lands which were reserued from O'Caine and on my honnor, yow shall 
be otherwise worthylie rewarded. I expected nothing less then such 
an answere, yet I made noe further wordes, But willinglie yealded 
to giue vp my intrust in both & departed at that time aswell contented 
without them, as I should haue beene glad to haue had them. Then 
I desired to haue gone with him into England, but he would not suffer 
Mee; But with exceeding fauorable Countenance assured mee to do 
me all right vnto the kinge ; & soe was I satisfied with hopes, though 
any man may see I had hitherto nothing bettered my selfe by this 

As he was readie to take shipping, O'Doghertie came & tould Mee, 
that notwithstanding all the assurance I had giuen him of the Contrary, 
the He of Inch was past away. I could not possiblie belieue it at first, 
but hee showed mee manifest proofes that a lease was graunted for XXI 
years ; I then badd him goe speake for himselfe, for I had done as 
much as I was able, wherevpon hee followed him into England and 
had such reamidie as shall presently be declared. 

In the meane time being gone, my lord Hugh (the Earle of 
Tyrone's eldest sonne) & I went home togeather, & when wee came to 
to the Derrey, I sent for O'Caine, & tould him what my lords pleasure 
was touchinge him ; Hee beganne presentlie to be moued, & both by 
Speach & gesture, declared as earnestlie as was possible, to be highlie 
offended at it, argued the matter with Mee vpon many pointes 
protested his fidelitie to the state since hee had made profession of it ; 
asked noe fauour if any man could charge him with the Contrarie, 
said he had alwayes buylt vpon my promise & my lord Deputie's, that 
he was nowe vndone, & in worse case then before hee knewe vs, shewed 
many reasons for it, & asked, if wee would Claime him hereafter, if 
hee followed my lord of Tyrone's Councell though it were against the 
kinge, seeing hee was in this manner forced to be vnder him ; In the 
end seeing noe remidie, hee shaked handes with my lord Hugh, bad the 
Devill take all English Men & as many as put theire trust in them, & 
see in the shewe of a good reconciled frenshipp they went away to- 


I was then to write vrito rny lord of many other thinges, & thought 
this no impertinent matter to lett him knowe of, yet with a Protesta- 
tion, neuer to open my mouth in it more. Captaine Heart who is yet 
liuing carried that dispatch, & tould Mee when hee came backe againe 
hee thought I had offended him in somewhat in those lettres, for he 
gathered as much from his Countenance, when hee read them, & 
besides he found him nothinge fauorable to anythinge he had occasion 
to speake vnto him of in my behalfe; But my hearte was soe Cleere & 
soe Confident of him at that time, that I could not possiblie beleeue 

Within a while after came Roory O'Donnell to Dublin, with his Ma- 
iestie's lettres to be made Eaiie of Tirconnell, & haue all the Countrey 
to him & his heires (except Ballyshannon with 1000 acres of ground 
& the fishing that lyes vnder it) & such landes as Neale Garvie had held, 
living in amitie with the former O'Donell, the said Neale garuie iudici- 
allie convicted of noe Crime which I thought was strange, But whither 
it were with his right or wronge with Conveniencie or inconveniencie to 
the state, was then noe more to be disputed of. Hee brought a warraunt 
alsoe to haue Owen Oge's Castle deliuered vnto him, which because of 
my Promise I opposed against as much as I could but with lost labour. 

Presentlie after him came O'Doghertie alsoe with a lettre from my 
lord to Mee, to pray mee to deliuer him the possession of the He of 
Inch againe, which hee himselfe had past away before, first by lease 
for XXI yeares, & afterwardes in ffee simple for euer, both vnder the 
greate scale ; I tould him this warraunt was too weake to doe what it 
imported, & shew'd him reasons for it, which either he could not, or 
would not, apprehend, or beleeue, But plainely made shew to concerns 
a suspition as though I were corrupted vnder hand to runne a 
dissembleing course with him. To giue him Contentment if I could, 
being then to goe for England, & to Dublin by the way, I spoke to 
Sr. George Carey that was then lord Deputie, tould him how the case 
stoode, & what discontentment I sawe it draue him into. Hee tould 
Mee it was past the Scales (gaue mee a further reason too) & vtterlie 
refused to make or medle with it; Herev.pon hee tooke it more to 
hearte, sente Agentes to deale for him in England, they preuayled not 
till my lord was dcade, & then with impatience lead away with Lewd 


Councell besides, & concerning himselfe to be wronged in many other 
thinges, hee was first brooke out into open Rebbellion, but that fell out 
a good while after. 

In the meane time I went forward my Journey, & Coming to my 
lord to the Courte, propounded in my owne private bussines, to haue 
a booke of 100 towne land in Ireland as others had gotten both before 
& after Mee, it was allowed of & vndertaken at first ; But within fewe 
dayes after I was told it could not be obtayned"; Then desired I might 
haue the Gouernement of Loughfoyle, with the Entertaynement of 
20s. a daye established to mee during life which I had alreadie by the 
king's lettres patients but during pleasure & the towne I had built at 
the Derrey, if it might be thought fitt (not for any gayne of myne) to 
be incorporate & haue such Priuiliges as might be thought reasonable 
& convenient for it. 

This without difEcultie I was promised should be done ; But coming 
to Sr. Thomas Wyndebancke to whome I was referred for my dispatch, 
I found order for my entertainement, with my aucthoritie & gou- 
ernement restrayned onely to the towne; This I disliked of & went to 
my lord nothing doubting but to haue it redressed : But hee tould mee 
it was the king's pleasure noe man should haue to doe in my lord of 
Tyrones Countrey, and before I could make replie, turned away, & 
would not vouchsafe Mee any further Speach. There was nothing 
could fall vnto Mee so farre beyond expectation, as this strange & 
soddaine alienation of his Countenance from Mee. I Sought first by 
myselfe to kuowe the reason of it, & none would be giuen, I vsed the 
intercession of freindes, a pretence was intimated, & I cleered my selfe 
of it with his owne acknowledgement to be fullie satisfied. Then hee 
gaue mee the testimoney to be a worthie & honnest Gentleman, & well 
deseruing for my seruice, But his priuate affections must in this case 
giue way to the publique good, & beside, that soe it must be, was his 
Maiestie's pleasure, I replyed againe how Ignomynious it would be vnto 
Mee, & what an vnprofitable Journey I should make to retourne in 
worse case then I came forth, some reasonable good wordes I had in 
the end to encourage Mee to haue a hope of better Conditions hereafter, 
but for the present I must be contented, there was noe possible remedie, 
soe after Six Monethes attendance, his Maiestie's l^tfres I had 


for Confirmation of my Entertaynement onelie, and incorporating the 
towne vnder the Gouernement of a Prouost, which I was named to be 
(with power to make a vice Prouost in my absence) during my life. 
And here is the Reward I haue had to this day for my 21 yeares' seruice 
in the Warres before, rny aucthoritie & Countenance one halfe 
dyminished, the fishing of Loughfoyle taken away, & the land reserued 
from O'Caine. My lord Danuers yet Hues & was well acquainted with 
all that past betweene him & Mee, att this time, a knowne freinde of 
his & therefore a wifrnes free from all Exception. I will not press him 
to say all that hee knowes, But as hee is honnorable, I appeale to his 
Testimonye, whether all this that I say be not true, & that if I listed 
I could say much more to myne owne aduantage, which I willinglie 
pass ouer, & cann be well enough Contented shalbe buried in eternall 

But takeing my leaue at Courte, & departing with this dispatch for 
Ireland, the windes as I went put mee in at Knockfergus & my lord 
Deputie that nowe is, being then Gouernor of that place, & established 
in it by Pattent during his life, was the first that asked mee, if I were 
not discharged of my Gouernement, I tould him noe ; hee presentlie 
shewed mee the Coppie of a lettre that my lord of Tyrone had sent 
vnto him, the orriginall whereof he had receiued from my lord 
Leiuetenant, declaring & giuing notice vnto him, that it was his 
Maiestie's Pleasure I should haue noe more to doe in his Countrey. 
wherevpon I tould him the whole truth, which hee seemed to wounder 
att & euen then to conceiue to be an Iniurie done vnto Mee. And 
passing by land from thence to the Derrey, I found the same Copies in 
euery man's hands all alonge as I went, & soe both my Comission (& 
estimation withall) publiquely decry ed, for from that day forward the 
people amongst whome I had before as much loue as I thinke, as 
much respect I ame sure, as any man of my rancke in the Kingdome, 
beganne to Contemne mee with as many Skornes & affronntes, as the 
witt & malice of any that hated Mee could desire, or listed to putt into 
theire heades to doe Mee. 

Not long after himselfe coming to receiue the Sword, & foreseeing 
the bussines, that would arise from those partes could not but necessa- 
rilie require some man of aucthoritie to be resident amongst them, & 


bearing a noble & speciail respect vnto ine withall, badd Mee for any 
inhibition 1 had yet receiued, I should not be Scrupulous, but freelic 
take vpon Mee the execution of my Comission. I tould him it would 
be offensiue to my lord. Hee tooke vpon himselfe to beare the blame 
of it, & see, by vertue of his Comaunde, & yet not without further 
expresse warraunt & direction besides, some thinges I did, but they 
were presentlie Complayned of, and my lord wrote vnto him to dissist, 
And where before, the restraint lay onelie vpon Tyrone, hee now lay the 
like vpon Tyrconell alsoe, & sent him warraunt to make the Earle Justice 
of Peace & Quorum, & lord Lieuetenant of that Countrey ; How much 
to the preiudice of those that had faithfully serued the state, I could, 
if it were required euen at this day, giue many particuler instances and 
proofes of, & take occasion further to make longe discourses vpon this 
man's violent and insolent Carriage, sufficiently bewraying to any man 
that listed to see it, what the bent of his heart was from the begining ; 
But hee is deade, & the iniuryes that homiest Men receiued by him 
are past Recouerie, & therefore I will onelie say this of him in genne- 
rall wordes (& I thinke my lord Deputie & Judges that were in that 
time, will beare mee witnes I say true) there were noe vices in poore 
Neale Garvie, that had done vs many good seruices, But the same 
were in him, & more, in a farre more pernitious degree, that had 
neuer done any, & then I Confess it made mee see cleere myne owue 
Errour, & the wronge (1 may call it) I had done to Neale Garvye ; 
not that my Conscience accuseth mee to haue done any thinge towards 
him with malitious or corrupt intentions (noe thereof I take God to 
witnes my heart is cleere) But that with Simplicitie I sufferred my 
selfe to be made an Instrument of his ouerthrowe, vnder the pretence 
of those misbeheauors, that were plainelie tollerated yea & allowed of 
in another, ffor it is true my lord would heare noe Complainte of him 
howe iust soeuer. 

And to giue me a further testimony e of what I might hope for at 
his handes, Ballyshannon being taken by mee in manner as before is 
mentioned, hee made Sr Henry Ffollyott Gouernour of it by pattent 
during his life, laid 1000 acres of land to the Castle, & gaue him the 
inheritaunce of the fyshinge, noe Consideration of offending the Irish, 
& by Consequence of inconvenience to the Publique, which were euer 


the pretended impediments to all my demaundes, any wayes withstan- 
dinge ; yea & to some other of inferiour Ranckes to myselfe, he gaue 
large Proportion of landes, parte whereof, as that from O'Doughertie 
in perticuler was with a direct breach of promise and Couenant, both of 
myne & his owne, where neither for myselfe, nor the Towne of Derrey, 
nor by way^of Reward for any Captaine that serued vnder Mee (by 
any suite or meanes I could make) could I gett so much as one foote, 
of that which without iniurie to any man living, and with great Conve- 
nience to the king's seruice (as I arne perswaded) hee might haue giuen 
if hee had pleasd. 

All this & much more (though very irksome it was) I indured & 
sitt out withall a yeare & better ; In the end tyred with the exercise of 
Pacience, & not without iust cause (as I can make it plainelie appeare 
to any man that desires to be satisfied in that pointe) dispareing of 
my safetie to Hue any longer in place, I came away for England, & 
adressed myselfe both to him & others, that I thought might & would 
haue giuen or procured mee better Conditions; But they tould Mee 
the kinge had put all into his handes, & hee, the old songe, it was for 
the good of the Publique; And then seeing noe meanes I could make 
able to preuaile (after at least 4 Monethes tryall) I came & tould him 
to this effect, There was noe death could be soe bitter to Mee as the 
life was I had ledd, since I receiued these arguments of his disfauour, 
I was neither willing nor able to contest against him, & had therefore 
resolued though with a greate deale of greife of minde, & apparent loss 
of all my former laboures, to quitt myselfe of Ireland, & retourne noe 
more vnto it, was minded to sell away my house, & some lands I pur- 
chased there, & besought him to giue mee leaue to doe away my Com- 
panyes (that I yet held in the King's pay) togeather with them ; Hee 
demaunded whoe it was I ment them vnto, I tould him Mr George 
Pawlett a Gentleman of Hampshire, hee saide hee knewe the man well, 
there was noe longer vse for a Man of warre in that place, & with a 
good will I should haue his Consente vnto it; I had not in truth at 
that time, past any such absolute promise to Mr Pawlett, But percei- 
uing by this his willingnes to be ridd of Mee, & vrged vpon it shortelie 
after by some that were powerfull in fauour about him, to dispatch & 
goe forward with myne offer, takeing that as a Manifest argument aboue 


all the rest, what the secreet intentions of his heartewere towards Mee, 
I concluded a bargaine, & sold him my house I had builte, with 10 
Quarters of land I had bought & lajde to it (all with inyne owne 
Money) & rny Company of ffoote all togeather, for less a greate deale 
then the very house alone had stood mee in, & withall, the vice provost- 
shipp of the towne of Derrey (for the time of rny absence) 1 conferred 
vpon him, but which, I neither valued, nor had anythinge for, And my 
Company of horse a good while after, by the fauour and allowance of 
the lordes of the Councell, I made ouer to my Leiuetenant ; But auc- 
thoritie ouer the Countrey, which I myselfe was discharged of, it lay not 
in my power to giue or sell, neither did I promise nor intend vnto him 
as my lord Deputie well knowes, & the Counterpaynes of writinges 
that past betweene vs are able to testifie vnto this day ; ffor that onelie 
was it, which might I haue enioyed vpon any Reasonable or indifferent 
tearmes I take it vpon my Saluation, It was not 5 times the money I 
had for all the rest, should haue bought mee out of it ; And that 
therein I should desire to haue Contynued, being none other but the 
same, I had brought the Countrey to obedience by from the height of 
Rebellion, & that which my Reputation & safetie of living in that place 
depended vpon, was not (as I take it an ambitious affecting of all, as it 
pleased my lord to tearme it ; And lett the pretence be what it will, 
that it might not haue beene with the Convenience to the kings Seruice 
aswell in mee as in others, that were in the same case, noe one in the 
kingdome hailing the like Restrainte laide vpon him, but onely I, was 
a Paradox I confess, beyond my Capassitie to beleeue, & I ame sure 
the after events plentifullie proued to be a false one. 

And now because o'Caine, from the breach of my promise with him, 
deriues, aswell, as he may, the cause of all his Miseries, & therevpon 
(as hee sayeth) hath often made suite to haue a day of hearing at the 
Councell table, & diuers times importuned Mee to be present at it, & 
my aunswere hath alwayes beene, lett mee be called & asked, I would 
not spare to speake the full of the truth according to my knowledg; 
But for soe doing, neither hee nor I haue hitherto had any such 
opportunitie ; To satisfie my Conscience in that pointe, by makeing it 
knowne (as much as lyeth in my Power what the true state of his case 
is, I doe now averre, all that I haue said alreadie concerning him is 


true, & further, that while I was yet in Ireland, there were some that 
carne & perswaded him, howsoeuer either my Creditt, or will, fayled 
to doe him right, they would vndertake to make my agreement with 
him good hy lawe, & that if hee would, they would procure him his 
landes to himselfe ; Hee came to Mee vpon it, & asked my advise, I 
bad him giue noe creditt vnto them, 'they would not be able to prevaile 
against my lord Leiuetenant, & hee would be brought into worse case, 
then yet he was, if hee shewed himselfe refractory against my lord of 
Tyrone, & therefore wished him to bende himselfe rather to seeke his 
fauour, & stirre noe further in it, yet others after that came againe & 
endeuored to instill into him the same hopes, with such vehement & 
forcible perswations, that in the end he beganne to inclyne & giue eare 
vnto them. Tyrone perceyving it, & iealous of the event, labored as 
much on the contrary side, both by arguments of reason and Promises 
of fauours, to binde him the faster to himselfe, & still bad him gett be- 
fore his Eyes, the fruits of his trust to any Promises of ours, by the 
Examples of his forepast Experience, & because hee sawe the greatest 
argument that swayd him from his side, was an obiection, that in the 
state he now was, hee had neither lands nor .goods of his owne, but for 
both stood meerelie at the Courtesie of annother, to take away that feare, 
hee made him a Graunte of his owne landes to him & his heires for 
euer, at a certaine Rente in writing vnder his hand, & therevpon (as 
the Fame went) he resolutely vowed his fidelitie to him ; And then came 
I away, & what was done in the Progress, & after Carnage of that bus- 
sines, 1 ame not able to speake of my owne certaine knowledge, more 
then onelie this, that Questions arisinge betweene them againe, & both 
of them called to the Councell table at Dublin, to haue them debated, 
I arne sure O'Cane produced that writinge to shew in Evidennce, & 
Tyrone laide hould on it, & before the Deputie & all the rest of theire 
faces tore it in Peces. If all this notwithstanding hee were aftervvardes 
Guiltie of any disloyaltie to the kinge It is more than any man charged 
him of in my time, & it belonges not to Mee, therein to excuse or ex- 
tenuate his faulte, lett him annswere for himselfe. 

And because in the begining of this discourse, I sett downe the list 
of the Army, to be first 4000 foote, & 200 horse, then by the Casting 
of Sr. Mathew Morgan's Regiament, that the foote were brought to 


3000, & afterwardes I mention Supply es, but speake nothinge of further 
abatements, whereby the Reader may probably Conceiue as though the 
lyst had contynued at that rate, & thereby I should wronge myselfe, I 
thought it fitt to say thus much more, that although I cannot call to 
Minde euery particuler abatement when it was made, yet diuers there 
were contynuallie from time to time, & at least 3 Monethes before the 
Warre ended, I ame sure I had not left Mee in list aboue 1000 foote 
& 50 horse at the most. 

And thus haue I nowe gone thorough (with as much breuitie as I 
cann) to declare to the veiwe of those, that shall please to see it, the 
true state of the Bussines betweene my lord & Mee. It is not enough 
perhappes to some that will yet thinke all this insufficient to excuse 
Mee for quitting myselfe from the king's Seruice, & may obiecte, further, 
why did I not address myselfe vnto him : hee was gratious, & wise, & 
whatsoeuer I had found his pleasure to bee, was both a sufficient lawe 
to binde Mee, & a reason to giue me Contentment; It is true euen 
wisemen some times coinitt Errours, & none but arrogant fooles pre- 
sume to iustiiie them when they are done ; as I ame not the one, soe 
I would not be the other, & therefore I do herein willing] ie & Sin- 
cerelie acknowledge my faults, & yet with truth haue thus much to say 
in my Excuse, without mediation of freindes it could not be done, & 
they on whose fauours I had (as 1 thought) some Reason to Relye 
(because of my anciente Dependaunce vpon them) refused mee, & to 
seeke it by newe acquaintaunce, I had Considerations (not vnworthie to 
enter into an horniest Man's thoughts) that discouraged Mee ; Besids I 
must freelie confess the contemplation of his power & height in fauour 
dazled myne Eyes, & greife & indignation did litle less then putt them 
Cleene out ; yea & further I should wronge myselfe if I did denye, but 
that some Meditations I had in hand to take a Course Safe, & Justifia- 
ble in all Respects, If not to haue righted my selfe by, yet at least to have 
manifested both my wronges & myne inocency to Publique knowledge, 
which whatsoeuer it was, his suddaine & vnexpected Death preuented, 
& by occasion thereof, I haue since had leasure too much to bethinke 
my Selfe of my follie, & meanes too litle to putt my Selfe into any way 
to redress it; The onelie Reamidie I desire, is to be admitted againe 
to his Maiestie's Service, & therein to Spende my dayes, is the height of 


happines, that I aspire vnto, &to bringe Mee vnto it, shall be the Worke 
of him, that worthely and eternally, shall binde my affections of love 
& fldelitie vnto him ; Artificial!, or florishing wordes to insinuate my 
selfe into fauour by, I neither affect, nor ^Nature hath bestowed the 
giuft on Mee to vse ; But I profess to haue a true & faithfull Hearte, 
& yett, if the Course of my life haue at any time told the Contrary, my 
Profession is vaine, & I haue done, lett noe man beleeue Mee. 



THE foregoing tract is printed from a MS. copy which is evidently of 
an age contemporaneous with the writer, now preserved in the Library of 
the Irish Ordnance Survey Office, Mountjoy Barracks, Phoenix Park, 
Dublin. It is in a plain strong clerk hand, and the fly-leaf exhibits 
the autograph of " Theodore Docwra," but no date. The original, in 
Sir Henry Docwra's own hand, is said to be in the possession of Sir 
Thomas Phillipps, Bart, of Middle Hill, who has not condescended to 
communicate to the Society any account of the state of the MS. The 
probability is that the original consists of rough notes and various 
original letters, which were drawn up into the following form by a pro- 
fessional scribe under Sir Henry Docwra's own direction, and that the 
present copy in the Ordnance Survey Library was made for the use of 
Theodore Docwra, the son and heir of the author. 

There are various Genealogical memoranda, and Armorial bearings 
of several branches of the Docwra's family, as of Cambridge, York- 
shire, Herts, &c. preserved in the Library of the British Museum, 
(Egerton, No. 74, 6769, &c.) but the descent of our author does not 
appear among them. In March, 1599, he was appointed by letters 
patent under the great seal of the Realm, " Chief Commander and 
Governor of all her Majesty's forces of horse and foot assigned for 
Lough Foyle." And in the same month the following instructions 
were given to him and Sir Matthew Morgan from her Majesty's Castle 
of Dublin by the Lord Deputy and Council. 

Eibl. Lambeth, No. 632, fol. 189. 

Instructions gyven by vs the Lorde Deputie and Councell to our 
trustie and well-beloved Sir Henrie Dockwraye, Knight, appointed 
Cheefe Commander and governor of all her majesties forces of horse 
and foote assigned for Loughfoile, and the parts mentioned and limited 
in her Majestie's Letters Pattents, vnder the great Scale of this Realme 


made to him, and dated Martij 1599, in the 42 yere of Her Majestie's 

Ffirst Consideringe the principall foundation of all good goverment 
restethe in the due service of Allmightie God, after yow haue settled 
your self and Companies in the place where yow are to reside, yow 
shall before all other things provide that your Preacher appointed to 
yow for that purpose, in aye he dilligent in his Chardge to instruct and 
teach all those that are vnder your rule in the trewe vnderstandinge of 
God's holie woorde, and to labours to beate downe amongst them all 
vice, as swearinge, Adultery, fornication, vnlawfull playinge at dice 
and Gardes, with all other impieties and blasphemies, hate full to good 
Christians, and most daungerous to be suffered with impunnitie in 
Armies, or amongst any other Christian Congregation or soesieties of 

And next for that the second grownde of good goverment resteth 
vppon administration of Civall Justice, yow are to take Care to see 
that Justice be distributed sincearely and vprightlie amongst those that 
are vnder your Ghardge, aswell Englishe as Irishe, and not for favoure 
or other respects to breake the lawes and rewles thereof, whereby yow 
shall the better leade the Troopes vnder your Chardge, in obedience 
to God and her Majestic, and in dutie and love towards your self. 

And for that the troopes of Horse and foote assigned for that service, 
and Committed to your rule and gouerment, is the strenngth that yow 
are to repose in, yt is requisit that yow be verye Carefull to haue all 
the Companies Compleat in nvinbers of men and armes, And all other 
furnitures fitt for service, and to that ende yow are to see that frequent 
and exact musters be taken of the severall Companies by the Com- 
missary appointed for that purpose, whome yow are to direct and Com- 
maunde to performs the dutie of his place without partiallitie or 
affection, but faithefully and sincerely as becometh an officer of soe 
greate truste, and aboue all things to see that the fraude heretofore 
vsed in mosters, bothe to the robbinge of her Majestic in her purse, 
and shamefull abusinge of the service, may be reformed by his dil- 
ligence, and your ouersight of him. 

Where it bathe pleased her Majestic out of her Princely disposition 
to allowe that an Hospitall for sicke and hurte Souldiours shalbe 


errected there in such apte and fitt place as to yow in discrescion shalbe 
thought meete, and hathe sent out of Englande good store of provisions 
and necessaries requisit for the same, That in any wise with the first 
Convenient opportunitye yow shall haue yow goe ahout the building of 
it, and to see it accommendated and well vsed accordinge her Majesties 
Royall meaninge therein. And as yow are to see the sicke, maymed, 
and hurte Souldiours to he succored & Comforted by this Howse 
duringe theire malledies and infirmityes soe on the other side yow are 
to foresee that noe Souldiour be suffered to remaine longer in the Hos- 
pitall then he is trewlie sicke or hurte, but beinge throughelie recouered 
to be retorned to his place, and in any wise not suffer any person that 
Counterfetteth himself to be sicke or hurte to be admitted, into the 
Howse whereby to take the Comfort and benefitt of the Howse from 
others that are Justlie to be releeved with the same. 

Whereby your letters Pattents vnder the great Seale yow hauo 
Aucthoritie to prosequit with fyer and sworde all Rebbells and Traitours 
and other mallefactours and offenders within the lymit of your 
Commissions which will require greate advise foresight and Councell. 
Yow are therefore vppon anie greate occasion of service to Calle to yow 
soe many of the fathefull and best experienced Captaines and officers 
in your whole regiment, as yow thinke most meete to Conferre withall, 
and by waie of theire assistance as a Councell at warre to heere theire 
seuerall oppinions throwly to thende yow rnaye make Choise of them 
which shalbe thaught most meete for her majesties Service. 

Where there are Certaine Shipps called Crompsters with other barkes 
and bardges, assigned for that service of Loughefoile, yow are to Com- 
municat with the Captaines, Commaunders, maiesters, and other prin- 
cipall officers thereof. In what sorte Crompsters, barques, and barges 
maye be employed for the most advantadge of Her Maiestie's service, 
and therevppon to give them direction from tyme to tyme, vppon every 
good occasion that yow shall thinke meete, for which purpose the Cap- 
taines, Commaunders, maiesters, and pilatts of the said vessells are to 
be commaunded and disposed by yow and your aucthoritie. 

Towchinge the victualls appointed and to be appointed for that service, 
there is a speciall Commissarie, John Ti avers gent assigned for that 
purpose, aswell to receave it into his Chardge and to see it well vsed 


preserved as much as maye be, as allsoe to see it .dulie yssue to the 
Companies accordinge to the rates vsuall to the resedue of her majesties 
Armie in Irelande, and the Comissarie to keepe a perfect booke of the 
yssues of the victualls to the ende the same beinge trewlie Certified vn- 
der his hande iuste and trewe defalcation maye be made accordingly. 
And towchinge the particuler rates the Commisarie hathe benne made 
acquainted with them heere by vs, besides his knowledge by the prac- 
tize and employment he hathe had in that Kinde heere for which and 
for the particuler Issuinge ofvittells vpon occasions to some ofthe Irish 
whome yow maye take in for Cause of service. The Comissarie doth 
bringe with him the Coppie of an Acte of Councell made heere to war- 
rant such issuinge soe as it passe by your direction vnder your hande. 

Touchinge the powder and all such store of other munitions and Armes 
assigned and to be assigned for this service, yow are first to take a vewe 
of the generall quantities and howe much there is of every particuler 
kinde to the endeyow rnaye knowehowe that proportion willanswe the 
Companies vnder your Chardge, and after yow haue Caused it to be 
layed vpp in good and suer stowage vnder the Chardge of such ministers 
as [Bourchier in margin] the Mauler of the Ordenance hathe appoint- 
ed for the same, yow are to be very warie and circonspect howe the 
same is to be yssued to the souldiours not impertinentlie as heretofore 
hathe benne vsed, but with good respect to answer the needfull services, 
either for trayninge of the Companies, or for theire actuall ymployment 
abroade against the Ennemies. And for defalcations yow are to see 
them made accordinge such notes and rates, and with such distinctions 
as the maister of the Ordenance hathe sett downe and deliuered to his 
ministers there. Allwayes foreseeing that there be noe powder or other 
mviiition embeazeled or vnderhand sould whereby it maye come to the 
vse of the Traitour, but sevearely to punishe the offenders whoesoever 
they be, being lustlie detected. 

And where it is intended as yow knowe to plante another garrison at 
Ballishannan, Asheroe, or Donegal!, over which I the Lord Deputie 
haue appointed Sr. Mathewe Morgan Knight to Commaunde as 
Cheife whoe hathe his Commissions and instructions accordingelye for 
that purpose : wee require yow that frequent intelligence maye passe 
betweene yow and him, and a fast Correspondencie be helde on bothe 


partes in all matters appertayninge to her majesties service, for the bet- 
ter furtherance thereof wherein wee require yow to be very Care full for 
that the good agreement and faithefull answeringe of one another of yow 
twoe wilbe a greate stremgthninge to yow both in your severall Chardges, 
And in that pointe the like direction is gyven to Sr. Mathewe Morgan. 

Where it maye fall out and it is very likelie that some of the Irishe 
bothe of the better, and meaner sorte within the presincte and Jurious- 
diction of yours maye make meanes to yow to be receaved in bothe vppon 
pretence to doe service, and vppon Conditiones in which Case it is re- 
quisit that before theire takinge in, yow be throwlie enformed of the 
quallities of the men, and what meanes they haue to doe service, to the 
ende yow maye knowe, howe farr to truste them, and howe fan- to employe 
them, and for theire better assurance that yow take good pledges of them 
till yow haue had good prooffe and tryall of theire service. And herein 
wee wishe yow to hould a discreete and temperat Course to drawe in soe 
many of the better sorte of Irishe as yow canne, and likewise of the 
meaner sorte whereby the Arch-traitor maye be weakened, and yow 
streingthned ; In which Course yow are to vse faithefull instruments and 
yfneedebeto sende them amongst fhe Irishe to Laboure & woorke 
them, yf of themselves they shall not make offer. Allwaies provided, 
that in the takinge in of any of them yow drawe in the Condicons, as 
much as yow can to be honorable for Her Majestie and profittable for 
Her service. 

ffbr that vppon those Seaes the Scottishe gallyes and boates are fre* 
quent seene by waye of trade with the Subiects of the Northe partes 
of that Realme and some to houlde entercouse with the Rebbells and 
to bring them vlctualls and other necessaries : yow are to gyve order to 
your Crompstres, barques and barges employed in that service to doe 
theire best to stopp those Scottish gallies and boates as haue trade with 
the Rebbells and breake theire entercouse with them, makinge bootie 
of them and theire gallies yf yow shall fynde them traydinge, with the 
Rebbells or to bringethem anyreleefe of victualls powder or mvnitions 
and shall iustlie proue the same but for those that shall trade with the 
Subiect yow are to favoure and Countenaunce them as beinge the sub- 
iects of the Kinge of Scotts, whoe is in ametye and leage with her 
Majestie. And in all this Course with the Scottishe boates and gallis, 


yow are in any wise to foresee yow doe nothinge, nor Cause any thinge 
to be doene to the breach of the leage betweene Her majestie and the 
Kinge of Scotlande, but to vse all meanes in your proceedinges to en- 
tertaine and Conserve all ametie and good Neigh tbourehood betweene 
the twoe Realmes gyving yow hereby full power and aucthoritye to Co- 
inon, parlie, treate, and protect such of that nacon as yow shall thinke 
good for her majesties service for such tyme as yow shall thinke meete. 
Lastlie where Sr. Mathewe Morgan bathe by his Commission vncler 
the Seale, Juriousdiccon over the Countrey of ffermanaughe orther- 
wise Called Maguires Countrey and for that there maye be occasion 
for yow to haue dealinge in that Countrey in some sorte for the advance- 
ment of her majesties service, either for protectinge, parleying or treatinge 
with anie of that Countrey for the benefit of the service, or otherwise 
vppon further advantage to be taken to vse prosecution with force, we 
wishe and doe require yow in this Case that yow houlde good intelligences 
of theese poynts with Sr. ; Mathewe Morgan, and to signifye vnto him 
your proceedinges in what Countrey of ffermannaugh at all tymes for 
that is a Countrey lymited and apporconed within his lettres patients, 
and yet vppon good occasion of service yow maye haue intermedlinge 
therein in sorte as is here lymited. Allwaies fore seeinge that yow avoide 
as neere as yow Canne all preiudice to the Saide Sr. Mathewe Morgan 
in that parte of his goverment, geaven at her Majesties Castle of Dublin 

Marcij 1599. 

It is to be remembred that Sr. Mathewe Morgan hath the like in- 
structions for his goverment of Ballishannan &c. savinge the differrence 
of the names of the gouernors and theire seuerall governments, and savinge 
likewise that there is noe Clause for an Hospitall in Sr Mathewe 
Morgans instructions for that there was noe direction for it out of Eng- 

Bill. Lambeth, No. 621, FoL 75. 

Sr Henrie Dockwraye Knight, Cheefe Commander, and gouernor 
of all Her majestie's forces of Horse and foote appointed to reside a 
Loughefoile, and the parts there abouts. 

The Circuit of His Commaund to Containe the whole Countrey of 


Tyrone, the County of Armaghe to the Blackewater, with all O'Cane's 
Countrey, and all other Countreyes, betvveene the River of the Bann, 
in Tyrone, and Home head in Tyrconnell, all O'Doghertyes Countrey, 
All me Swyne ffanaught's Countrey, Lougheswilly, and me Svvyne 
Edoes Sonnes and followers, and all Con O'DonnelFs Sonnes, theire 
Countreyes and followers. 

Sr Henry Dockwray to haue Commission vnder the greate Scale 
with Ample aucthoritie, to governe and Commaund all theese Coun- 
treys and all the seuerall scepts and Nationes within every of them. 

To Haue Aucthoritie to prosequite with fyer and svvoord, all the 
rebbells what soeuer within this Circuit, and to Common and treate 
with any Rebbell, yf occasion soe require, either by Himself, or any 
other whome hee shall ymploye. 

And likewise, to parle and protect, for what tyme in his discrescion 
hee shall thinke good, and to receaue to mercy any Rebbells vpon 
such Condicones as Hee shall thinke requisit, for her Majestie's 

Sr Henry Dockwray to haue vnder the great Seale Comission for 
the marshall Lawe, with instructiones vsuall for the same. 

Sr Henrie Dockwray to haue a standinge fee for this goverment of 
xiij s . iiij d . sterlinge per diem. 

Sr Henrie Dockewraye to Haue generall instructions, for the man- 
ner of his goverment, and particuler direction to errect an Hospitall 
for sicke and hurte Souldiours, and to Accomodate that with all things 
requisitt, accordinge such provisions as are sent out of England. 

Sr Henry Dockwray vppon any vrgent occasion of service to Call a 
Counsell at warr, and to take the Assistance of the best Experienced 
Capptens and officers in the whole Regiment. 

The Crompsters, and all other barges and boates assigned for that 
service to bee ready att all tymes to Answer Sr Henry Dockwraye. 

That a good Correspondencie be held betweene Sr Henrey Dockwraie 
and Sr Mathewe Morgan, and frequent Intelligence for the better 
furtherance of the service. 

Sr Henrie Dockwhiie either by Himself, or anie other whome he 
shall ymploye, to enter at any tyme, as occasion shall serve for Her 
majestie's service, into the Countrey of ffermannogh, Called Maguire's 


Countrey, either for prosequtiou or pacification with any Rebbells, 
and others in that Countrey, and to parle and protect any Rebbell 
of that Countrey at all tymes as Hee shall haue occasion for Her ma- 
jesties' service. 

Itt is requisitt, and soe wee doe require, that betweene yow and Sr 
Mathew Morgan, (Commandinge at Bellishannon, ) there be noe Con- 
tention or strivinge, either for prioritie of place, or for boundes and 
meeres of your seuerall goverments, But that there bee a faste vnity 
and agreement betweene yow bothe, as betweene two servitors, ym- 
ployed to one end; Namely, to doe Her Majestie the best service yow 
can, within your seuerall Circuitts. 

And otherwayes by your Disagrements and Contentions, (yf any 
should bee) Her majestie's purpose might not only bee greatelie dis- 
apointed and Dishonored, but allso your self much scandalized, as 
persones that should more prefer your privat emulacones, then the 
good of the publique service) and aboue all things, wee require that 
there be noe uninste intermedlinge or Intrudinge in one another's 

Sr Mathewe Morgan, Knight, cheefe Commander and gouemor of 
all her Majestie's forces of Horse and foote appointed for Bellishannon 
and the partes thereabouts. 

The Circuitt of his Commaunde to Contain Bellishanon, Asheroe, 
Tyrehugh, and all that Countrey betweene Bellishanon, Donnegall, 
and Barnismore, vnto the vtmost partes of Barnismore esteward : All 
O'Boyle's Countrey and his followers, and all me Swyne Bonaught's 
Countrey and his followers. 

Sr Mathewe Morgan to Haue Commission for Gouerment vnder the 
greate Seale, and all other things for his Circuit as Sr Henrie Dock- 
wraye had. 

The Four Masters call Docwra " Henry Docura, an illustrious 
knight of wisdom and prudence: a pillar of battle and conflict:" For 
various notices of this remarkable man the reader is referred to Erck's 
Repertory of the Patent Rolls of Chancery, pp. II, 20, 48, 106, 115, 
126,128, 156, 165, 183,212, and the suppressed work "Patent 
Rolls of James I." pp. 304, 360. 


On the 19th of July in the 14th year of James I. 's reign, he was ap- 
pointed Treasurer at war, during the King's pleasure, fee 6s. 8d. a 
day; and on the 15th of May, 1621, he was created Baron of Cul- 
inore : The Passage relative to his creation as given in the Liber Hi- 
bernice from Lodge's Baronetage is as follows : 

" Sir Henry Docwra, Knt. (Treasurer of wars) Title Lord Docwra, 
Baron of Culmore, Co. Deny Patent, Westminster, May 15, 1621 
20 Jac. I. 2d pars. d. Extinct/' 

Sir Henry was succeeded by his only son Theodore, the second 
Lord Docwra of Culmore, who must have died during the interregnum 
_and with him the title, as it does not appear in the lists of the nobility 
after the restoration of Charles II. In the " Catalogue of the nobility 
of Ireland, as they ought to sit on the first day of the Parliament 
holden at Dublin, the 16th day of March, 1639," given in the Liber 
Hibernice, we have "Theodore, Lord Docwra of Culmore.'' 

The race of Sir Henry Docwra is therefore extinct in the male line, 
but it appears from Archdall's edition of Lodge's Peerage, that Elizabeth, 
younger daughter of Henry Lord Docwra, Baron of Culmore, was 
the third wife of Sir Henry Brooke of Brookesborough, who died 31st 
of August, 1671, leaving by her a son George Brooke, Esq. so that 
his blood may remain in Ireland through that George. 

There are many persons of the name Dockrey in the County of 
Roscommon, but these are of the sept of the Sil-Muireadhaigh, and 
arc really O'Docraidhs or O'Dockreys. See the Stowe Catalogue, 
Codex iii. fol. 28, and Hardiman's Edition of O'Flaherty's Chorogra- 
pkical Description of West Connaught, p. 140. 


P. 236 The army consisting in list q/4000/oete, and 200 horse, Sfc. The Four 
Masters assert that he had six thousand men, and that he landed first in the har- 
bour of Dublin ; but the Irish had this account from common report only, 
and Bocwra's own account is unquestionably more correct. See Annals of the 
Four Masters, Ed. J. OT>. A.D. 1600, p. 2189, note ?. 

P. 237. Knockfergus. This is the usual name by which, at this period, 
English writers were wont to call the town of Carraig Fearghusa, or Carrick- 
fergus, in the County of Antrim. 

P. 237. Cuhmore is in Irish called Cujlrijojt, and translated angulus magnus, 
by Philip O'Sullevan Beare. This fort was described as follows, by Sir Josias 
Bodley, in September, 1608, as appears from a MS. in the British Museum, 
Lansdowne, No. 156, 80, (327) : 

" The fort of Culmore stands most conveniently to command the entrance of 
the river of the Derry, and being on a low neck of land, may, with 2 or 300 
charge, be made an Island. It is raised with turfe and earth, which with 
violence of the weather and beating of the Sea is much decayed. To assure 
that place against any assaylants, and re-enforce it, as it were fitt, it were re- 
quisite to face it with stone to the high water marke at the least, and repaire 
the parapetts and bulwarkes, also to erect some small buildings for the Captaine, 
warders and gunners, and to reserve the Castle that there standeth, for a Store- 
house for victualls and munition, of which the whole charge may amount to 
6 or 700." 

This fort remained unoccupied as a military station, for one hundred anil 
forty-six years, but it was repaired in 1824, by General Hart. 

P. 237. Ellogh, in Irish 2l]leAcb or OfleAch, i.e. stone-fort. A small frag- 
ment of this Castle still remains in a townland of the same name m the parish 
of Templemore, Co. of Londonderry. This Castle does not occupy the site of the 
ancient palace of the Kings of Ulster, whose name it bears. The ruins of the 
palace of Aileach are to be seen on the neighbouring hill of Grianan. See the 
Ordnance Memoir of the parish of Templemore, Townlands, and Trias Thaum. 
p. 181, note 169. 

P. 238 The Derry, in Irish Doire Chalgaich, which is translated Roboretum 

Calgachi by Adamnan in his Vita Columboe. It is more generally called Doire 
Choluim Cillein the Irish Annals from St. Columbkille, who erected a monastery 
here about the year 546. It is now called Londonderry. For the Charter 
granted to the town, erected here by Docwra, See Erck's Inrullments of 


Chancery, pp. 114, 115. Sir Josias Bodley describes the condition of the 
works here in September, 1608, as follows : "The Rampier and bulwarks of the 
ffort at the Deny are much ruined, the Parapitt cleane fallen away. The most 
part of it must be newly faced with sodds from the foundation, new gates and 
bridges to be made, the ditch digged deeper and broader in most places, houses 
of munition, victualles, and other purposes, to be made, whereof the charge 
cannot be lesse then 1200." 

The Four Masters describe the situation of the forts erected by Docwra, as 
follows : " After landing they erected on both sides of the harbour three forts, 
with trenches sunk in the earthen, as they had been ordered in England. One 
of these forts, i.e. Dun na-long, was erected on O'Neill's part of the Country, in 
the neighbourhood of Oireacht-Ui-Chiarain ; and two in O'Domhnaill's Country, 
one at Cuil-mor in O'Dochartaigh's Country, in the Cantred of Inis-Eoghain, and 
the other to the South-west of that at Doire-Choluim-Cille. The English im- 
mediately commenced sinking ditches around themselves and raising a strong 
mound of earth and a large rampart, so that they were in a state to hold out 
against them. These were stronger and more secure than Courts of lime and 
stone in the erection of which much time and great labor might be spent. 
After this they tore down the Monastery and Cathedral, and destroyed all the 
ecclesiastical edifices in the town, and erected houses and apartments of them." 

P. 239. Blackwater, in Irish 2lbhA]i7t)-n)b6jt, a celebrated river of Tyrone ; 
Blackwatertown, and Benburb are on it. 

P. 240 And finding that we stood upon our defensive onelie. The Four 

Masters make the following remarks on the same subject : "As for O'Domhnaill 
when he perceived that they were not in the habit of going outside their encamp- 
ments through fear and dread, he made no account of them, and assembled his 
forces to proceed into the south of Connacht, to plunder the Countries lying on both 
sides of Sliabh-Echtghe, and especially Thomond. He had good reason for this 
indeed, for it was these Earls, namely, the Earl of Clanrickard and the Earl of 
Thomond, who had requested the Lord Justice and the Council to send over 
this great army, to keep him in his own territory, away from them, for they 
deemed it too often that he had gone into their territories. Having adopted 
this resolution, he left O'Dochartaigh, (O'Doherty,) Chieftain of Inis-Eoghain, 
i.e. John Og, son of John, son of Felim O'Doherty, to watch the foreigners, 
that they might not come to plunder his territory. He also left Niall Garbh 
O'Domhnaill, (O'Donnell,) and some of his army encamped against him on the 
west side of between them and the cantred of Enda, son of Niall." See Annals 
of the Four Masters, A.D. 1600, p. 2193. Ed. J. O'D. 

P. 240. And now did Sir Mathew Morgan demand his Regiment of 1000 foote 
and 50 horse, which at first (as I saide before,) were designed for him for a 
plantation at Bally shannon" 

See Instructions to Sir Henry Docwra, above given, p. 287. 

P. 240 On the \st of June, Sir Arthur O'Neale, son to old Tirloghe Lenogh, 


tfc. came in unto mee, fyc. The Four Masters notice the going over of this 
youth," A.D. 1600. The son of O'Neill, namely, Sir Art, the son of Toir- 
dhealbhach Luineach, (Turlough Lenogh,) son of Niall Conallach, son of Art, 
son of Conn, went over to assist the English, who were fortified at Dun-na-long, 
in order to wage war against [the Earl] O'Neill. This Art died among the 
English. This Sir Arthur died on the 28th of October following. The Queen 
intended creating him Earl of Tyrone." See Moryson Book i. c. 2, and Four 
Masters, A.D. 1600, p. 2200. 

P. 240. O'Dogherties side. Lough Foyle lies between the territories of 
O'Kane and O'Doherty. 

P. 240, Greene Castle, called by the Irish CAjrlep IJUA, i.e. New Castle. 
The ruins of this great Castle, which was erected by the Bed Earl of Ulster, 
in the year 1305, are situate near the western margin of Lough Foyle, in the 
parish of Moville, barony of Inishowen and Co. of Donegal. See Annals of the 
Four Masters. A.D. 1305, note h. and also the years 1332 and 1555. 

P. 241 Sir John Chamberlaine. Compare Annals of the Four Masters, 
A.D. 1600, p. 2225, note f . 

P. 241 Dunalong, in Irish t)UT)-i)A-lot)5, i.e. fort of the Ships, now Dona- 
long or Dunnalong, situate on' the east-side of the river Foyle in the barony 
of Tirkeeran, and County of Londonderry. See Annals of the Four Masters, 
A.D. 1600, p. 2192. Sir Josias Bodley describes the condition of this fort as 
follows, in September, 1608 : " The greate entrenchment at Dunalonge is more 
fitt to be raised then repaired, but the peece of ground within the same nearc 
the river which is held by the ward, having no other defence but a deep and 
broad ditch about it, at this time if it were sufficiently walled on the inside of 
the ditch, which considering the stone at hand, and the small circuite of the 
place, will not cost above 150 ; I should think it of good strength for a ward 
of 10 or 12 men, and capable of more if need required." 

P. 242 Moyler Morough mac Swyndoe. He was called by the Irish 

2f)AelTi)Utt^e ti)Ac Sujbtje rjA bCuAc, i.e. Maelmuire Mac Suibhne na d-Tuath. 
He was Chief of Tuatha Toraighe, and had been the chief leader of O'Domh- 
naill's 3All-o5lA|ct) or Gallowglasses. 

P. 242. He got to the number of 60 into his power. This is probably a 
mistake, for 160. P. O'Sullevan Beare makes the number 168. The Four 
Masters give the following account of this transaction : 

" As for O'Domhnaill, he remained with his troops, without making any ex- 
cursion (out of Tirconnell) from the time that he returned from the aforesaid 
expedition in Thomond to the September following. After his soldiers and 
hirelings had, within this period, rested themselves, he summoned them to 
him, to see whether he could get any advantage of the English. He was 
informed that the horses of the English were sent out every day under the 
charge of a party of English Cavalry to graze upon a grassy field that was 
opposite the town, i.e. Dcrry : when he heard of this, he began to meditate how 



he could make a descent upon those horses ; and this is what he did : he took 
privately, in the darkness of the night, a large party of his soldiers, and a 
squadron of cavalry, (amounting to no less than six-hundred between horse 
and foot,) to the brink of a steep rocky valley, which is on the flat mountain 
to the north of Derry, from whence they could plainly see the people of the 
town, who could not easily see them. He placed a small party of his cavalry 
in ambush for the horses and the keepers, at concealed places not far from the 
town, so as to prevent them from returning to the town when they should 
wish to do so. They remained thus in ambush until the break of day when 
they perceived the horses with their keepers coming across the bridge as usual. 
O'DomhnaiU's cavalry set out after them, and attacked and slew some of the 
keepers ; but others made their escape by means of the fleetness and swiftness 
of their horses. O'DomhnaiU's people then commenced driving off as many of the 
English horses as had been left behind in their power. The main body of their 
own force coming up to assist them against the English, they sent the horses 
before them. O'Domhnaill ordered a party of his calvalry to go off with the 
horses to a secure place. This was accordingly done ; and O'Domhnaill remained 
behind with a body of his cavalry which he selected, and with his foot soldiers." 

" When the English perceived that their horses had been taken away from 
them, they immediately arose, and taking their arms, set out in pursuit of 
O'Domhnaill. The General, Sir Henry Docwra, with his horsemen mounted on 
their horses, (i.e. such of them as retained their horses in secure places, and 
had not lost them on that occasion, ) joined in the pursuit as rapidly as they 
were able. When O'Domhnaill saw the cavalry of the English in full speed after 
him, he remained behind his infantry, with his troop of cavalry, until the En- 
glish came up with him. They made a courageous attack upon O'Domhnaill for 
the recovery of their spoils, and of what was under their protection. O'Domhnaill 
sustained the onset valiantly and resolutely, and a fierce battle was fought be- 
tween both parties. One of O'DomhnaiU's kinsmen, namely, Aedh, the son of 
Aedh Dubh, son of Aedh Kuadh, made a well-aimed cast of a javelin at the 
General, Sir Henry Docwra, and striking him directly in the forehead, wounded 
him very severely. When the General was thus pierced, he returned back ; 
and the English, seeing their chief, their adviser, and their mighty man, 
wounded, returned home in sorrow and disgrace, and pursued their horses no 
further, O'DomhnaiU's people proceeded to their tents, and on reckoning the 
horses which they had carried off, they found them to exceed two hundred 
in number. O'Domhnaill afterwards divided the horses among his gentlemen, 
according to their deserts." 

P. 242 I was stricken with a horseman's stafe in the forehead. According to 
the Life of Aedh Euadh or Eed Hugh O'Donnell, by Peregrine O'Clery, Docwra 
was struck on this occasion with a javelin by Aedh, son of Aedh Dubh O'Domh- 
naill, the Achilles of the Gaeidhil, or Irish race. P. O'Sullevan Beare says that 
Pocwra was pierced through the helmit by Hugo Junior O'Donellus : " Secundo 


die quam in terram exsiluerunt Odonellus occurrens centum sexaginta octo 
equos eit adimit, et rursus equos juxta oppidum pascentes Catholic! rapiunt, 
quas sequuntur Angli. Equestre proelium. Hugo Odonellus cognomento Junior 
Docrium telo per galeam fixo fracto cranio vulnerat." Hist. Cathol. Iber. torn. 
3, lib. 6, c. v. fol. 171. See also Annals of the Four Masters, Ed. J. O'D. 
A.D. 1600, p. 2208. 

P. 243 Eoory brother to O'Cane. The Four Masters have left us no account 
of the doings of this person. 

P. 245 On the third day of October came in Neale Garvie O'Donell. The 
Four Masters give the following account of the treacherous proceedings of Niall 
Garbh O'Domhnaill -.z 

"O'Domhnaill remained besieging the English, without moving from his terri- 
tory, until the end of October, when he began to make preparations to go again 
into Thomond, to plunder it. After having come to this resolution, he as- 
sembled his forces, and made no delay until he came westwards across the Sli- 
geach, and to Baile-an-mhotaigh. He left Niall Garbh, the son of Conn, son of 
Calbhach, son of Maghnus O'Domhnaill, behind him in the territory, to defend 
it against the English, and prevent them from plundering it. 

"The English [now] began privately to entreat and implore Niall Garbh 
O'Domhnaill [to join them], offering to confer the chieftainship of the territory 
upon him, should they prove victorious. They promised him, moreover, many 
rewards and much wealth, if he would come over to their alliance. He listened 
for a long time to their offers ; and his misfortune at length permitted him to 
go over to them,* by the evil counsel of envious and proud people who were 
along with him ; but for this he was afterwards sorry. His three brothers, 
namely, Aedh Buidhe, Domhnall, and Conn, joined him in this revolt. The En- 
glish were, no doubt, the better of their going over to them : for they were weary 
and fatigued for want of b sleep and rest every night, through fear of O'Domh- 
naill ; and they were diseased and distempered in consequence of the narrowness 
of their situation^ and the old victuals, the salt and bitter flesh-meat they used, 
and from the want of fresh meat, and other necessaries to which they had been 
accustomed. Niall O'Domhnaill provided them with everything they stood in 

z Ann. pp. 2208, 2209, &c. custodine causa teuebat, tradit. In ea 

a To go over to them. P. O'Sullevan Angli decem cohortes collocant."- 

Beare states that Niall Garbh was de- Hist. Cathol. Sfc., torn. 3, lib. 6, c. v 

serted by his wife for his treachery to- fol. 171. 

wards her brother on this occasion. b For want of, literally, "without 

"Asper earn occasionem opportunam sleep, without rest every night, for 

ratus, ad Anglos se confert (ob id a fear of O'Domhnaill." 

Nolla coniuge sua Odonelli sorore de- c Of their situation, literally, "of 

sertus), quibus Leffiriam, quam ipse the place in which they were." 


need of, and relieved them from the narrow prison in which they were confined. 
He took ten hundred warriors with him to Leith-bhear (Lifford,) a town upon 
the banks of the same loch, d and a celebrated residence of O'Domhnaill : but at 
this time the place was not fortified ; for there had not been any strong fortress 
or castle of lime and stone there for a long time before (the one there last having 
been destroyed) or any thing but a small rampart of earth and sods, surrounded 
by a narrow, shallow ditch of water, as preparations for the erection of a for- 
tress similar to the one which had been there before. 

** The guards, as soon as they perceived the English approaching, vacated this 
fort through dread and fear, because O'Domhnaill was not near [to assist] them. 
The English thereupon entered the fort and raised large mounds and ramparts 
of earth and stone to shelter them ; so that they were sufficiently fortified to 
hold out against their enemies. 

" One of O'Domhnaill's faithful people followed after him with information con- 
cerning the state of the country, and told him what had happened in his ab- 
sence. O'Domhnaill was much surprised and amazed that his kinsman and brother- 
in-law had thus turned against him, for Nuala, the sister of O'Domhnaill, was the 
wife of Niall. O'Domhnaill returned from the province of Connacht ; for he had 
not passed westwards beyond Baile-an-Mhotagh when the news overtook him, and 
his forces as quickly as they were able ; but [no part of] his soldiers were able to 
keep pace with him, except a few of his cavalry, and he arrived in the neigh- 
bourhood of Leith-bhear aforesaid. The English had not been able to make preys 
or depredations before O'Domhnaill returned back, but were [employed] strength- 
ening their fortress, and erecting ramparts ; and when they heard that O'Domh- 
naill had arrived, they were afraid to come out of their fort for any thing they 

" O'Domhnaill remained at a place not far from the English, until some of his 
foot-soldiers had come up with him. O'Domhnaill thought it too long the English 
remained without being attacked, and he did not wait for the coming up of [the 
main body of] his army, but exhibited before the English the small number he 
had, on the south side of Cruachan-Lighean, f to the north of the river. When 
the English perceived him they marched out to meet him, with Niall Garbh 
O'Domhnaill and his brothers in the van, as leaders of the battle. They skir- 

d The same loch; i.e. the same e They were afraid, literally, "fear 
loch on which Derry is situate. The did not permit them to leave the fort 
reader is to bear in mind that the Irish in which they were for any thing they 
called all the extent of water from were in need of." 
Lifford to the sea by the name of f Cruachan-Lighean, now Croaghan, 
Loch Feabhuil. What modern map- a remarkable hill giving name to a 
makers call the Eiver Foyle, the an- townland in the parish of Clonleigh, 
cient Irish considered as a part of the barony of liaphoe, and county of Do- 
loch, riegai. The summit of this hill is 


mislied with each other, but there was no obstinate conflict on that first day, 
though they continued in readiness for each other ; for the English thought that 
O'Domhnaill was in want of forces, s as he [really] was ; and fearing that an am- 
bush might be laid for them, so that they did not wish to go far from the town 
for that reason. It was the same case with O'Domhnaill's people. It would be 
unwise in them to come in collision with the enemy so near their fort, with the 
small force of which they consisted. They [at length] separated from each 
other, though not in peace or friendship. Some were wounded on both sides 
by the discharging of javelins, arrows, and leaden balls ; but more of h O'Domh- 
naill's people were wounded in this skirmish on account of the fewness of their 

" The English then proceeded to their houses, and O'Domhnaill and his people 
went to their tents ; and it was with anger and indignation that O'Domhnaill 
returned thither ; for it grieved him that his army had not come up with him on 
that day ; for he was certain that, if he had had them with him at that time, 
the English would not have escaped from him as they did. O'Domhnaill after- 
wards, when his army had come up with him, laid a close seige to the English, 
and pitched his camp within two thousand paces of Leith-bhear above-mentioned, 
in order to protect his husbandmen, so that they might save the corn crops in 
the neighbourhood of the English. He sent out spies and scouts every night to 
reconnoitre the town, and not to permit any one to pass in or out, unless they 
should pass southwards across the river ; and he left no road or passage within 
one thousand paces of the town upon which he did not post guards and ambus- 
cades, to watch and spy the English, and hinder them from passing out un- 
noticed, but especially the sons of Conn O'Domhnaill and their people, for these 
he considered were difficult to be watched, and it was on account of them that 
his sentinels and ambuscades were so numerous. 

"He remained here for the period of thirty days, during which time the 
people of the country were enabled to save their corn and carry it away in small 

about two miles north and by west of See the references to Druim Lighean, 

the bridge of Lifford. which was an alias name of this place, 

According to the Ulster Inquisitions under the years 1522, 1524, and 1583. 

this townland belonged to the monas- sin want offerees, literally, "in 

tery of Clonleigh. See also the Life dearth or scarcity of forces." 

of St. Cairneacli in Colgan's Acta ^More of. This idea is not very 

Sanctorum at 28th March, p. 782, correct. It should be expressed thus : 

where Cruachan-Lighean is described "But O'Domhnaill's people suffered 

as situate " ad occidentalem ripam freti more in this skirmish than the enemy, 

siue sinus vulgo Loch-febhuil nuncu- on account of the fewness of their 

pati, iuxta Lefferiam oppidum." number." 


baskets and sacks, on steeds and horses, into the fastnesses of the country be- 
yond the reach 1 of their enemies. 

" On one occasion O'Domhnaill, before he left this camp, went towards the 
English, to see if he could induce them to come outside the fortifications on the 
level plain. When O'Domhnaill's people had arrived opposite the town, the En- 
glish began to reconnoitre them ; but they did not sally out against them, for 
they perceived it was to offer defiance and challenge for battle they had come. 
O'Domhnaill's people then returned back when they did not obtain what they 
wanted, and they halted for some time on the brink of a river called Dael, k a 
short distance to the north of the town. Large parties of them went to their 
tents, and about other business, for they did not think that the English would 
follow them on that day. When Mall Garbh O'Domhnaill perceived O'Domhnaill's 
people scattered and unprepared for action, he told the English that they ought 
now to attack them. The English at his bidding armed themselves quietly and 
silently in the centre of their fortifications, in order that their enemies could 
not see them until they were armed and accoutred. When they were ready 
they sallied out from their fortifications in battle array, and then, with Mall 
and his brothers and people in the van, advanced against O'Domhnaill's people. 

O'Domhnaill saw them advancing, and rejoiced at seeing them coming ; and 
he placed his soldiers in their proper stations fronting them, with their warlike 
weapons ; and he did not permit to shoot at them until they had arrived at the 
opposite bank of the river. They afterwards met together hand to hand, and 
a sharp and furious battle was fought between both parties. The two hosts of 
cavalry rushed to the charge, and began to fight witli large spears and green- 
headed lances. Mall O'Domhnaill gave Maghnus, brother of O'Domhnaill, a 
thrust of a sharp, long lance under the shoulder-blade, and, piercing the armour 
with which he was clad, he buried it in his body, and wounded Ms internal parts. 
When Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill, Righdamhna of Kineal-Conaill,perceived his bro- 
ther wounded, he made a brave attack upon Niall, and aimed a forcible and fu- 
rious thrust of a large javelin at Mail's breast ; but Niall raised up the front of 
the high-rearing foreign steed which he rode, so that the spear struck the steed in 
the forehead, and penetrated to his brain. Rudhraighe broke the socket of the ja- 
velin in drawing it back by the thong, and left the iron blade buried in the horse ; 
so that he held but the handle of it in his hand. The steed 1 finally died of this. 

i Beyond the reach, literally, where Lifford See note e, under the year 

their enemies could not reach them." 1557, p. 1557- 

k Daely now Deel, or, as it is called * The steed. The Four Masters 
by the descendants of the Scotch set- should have omitted this short sen- 
tiers, Dale-burn, a river which flows tence, which so much incumbers their 
through the barony of Raphoe, and narrative. P. O'Sullevan Beare, who 
discharges itself into the Foyle a short had wooed the historic Muse with 
distance to the north of the town of more success than any of the Four 



Wo is me that these heroes of Kineal-Conaill were not united in fight on one 
side against their enemies, and that they were not at peace , for, while they 
remained so, they were not banished or driven from their native territories, as 
they afterwards were ! 

As for the English, while the cavalry were battling with each other, they 
faced O'Domlmaill's infantry in a body, and drove them a short distance before 
them ; but, however, only a few of them were wounded ; for the English did not 
pursue them from the field of contest, because their leader 10 had been wounded 
in the conflict ; and they were obliged to return with Mm to Leith-bhear, where 
he afterwards died. A great number of O'Domhnaill's people pursued them for a 
long distance, and continued to shoot at and cut them down with the sword, so 
that numbers of them were slain and wounded. The pursuers thought that 
they should have defeated them [the enemy] if the main host pursued them 
further ; but fear did not permit those who had been repulsed in the beginning 
to pursue them again. 

When the English went away O'Domhnaill returned to his tents. And dispiri- 
ted and melancholy were they that night in the camp, on account of the son of 
their chief 11 , and their Righdamhna (if he should survive his brothers), beingin a 

Masters, describes this battle much 
more elegantly, as follows, in his 
Hist. Cathol. Ibcr. Compend., torn. 3, 
lib. 6, c. v. : 

" Erat Asper vir animo magno, & 
audaci, & rei militaris scientia praedi- 
tus, atque multos a sua parte Tirco- 
nellos habebat, quorum opera, & vir- 
tute fretus in piano cum Catholicis 
manum conscrere non recusabat : Fi- 
dem tamen Catholicam semper retinuit 
Haereticorum ceremonias auersatus, 
sicut & Artus [Onellus] qui cito e vita 
discessit. Circum Leffiriam vero, & 
Lucum a regijs & Catholicis acriter & 
saepe dimicatum est. Memorabilis est 
equestris pugna, qua regijs fugatis 
Magnus Odonelli frater Asperum loco 
cedentem hasta transfossurus fuisset, 
nisi eius ictum remoueret Eugenius 
Ogallachur cognomento lunior ipsius 
Magni Comes pietate & amore in Onel- 
lam suorum dominorum familiam mo- 
tus. In quam familiam dispari animo 

f uit Cornelius Ogallachur, qui Aspero 
persuasisse fertur, vt ad Anglos face- 
ret tran sitionem, & Magnum vulnera- 
uit apud Moninem iuxta Leffiriam, 
vbi equitatus vtrinque incomposite 
concurrit, & Magnus equo vectus in- 
terquinque equites Ibernos regies ab 
Aspero in dextero latere hasta percu- 
titur, & circumuentus a Cornelio sub 
huraero icitur. Hastarum cuspides 
licet loricam non penetrauerint tamen 
Magno in corpus infixerunt. Rothe- 
ricus fratri auxilio veniens Asperi 
pectus hasta appetit ; Asper loris 
tractis equi caput tollens eius fronte 
excipit Rotherici ictum, quo equus 
fixus exanimis cum aspero corruit. 
Sed Asper a suis leuatus Leffiriam re- 
uertitur, Odonello cum peditibus ap- 
propinquante. Magnus ex vulneribus 
egit animam intra decimum quintum 
diem, & breui Cornelius ab Odonello 
deprehensus laqueo strangulatur." 
Fol. 171, 17-2. 


dying state. As soon as O'Domhnaill arrived at the camp he ordered a litter of 
fair wattles to be made for Maghnus O'Domhnaill, [on which] to carry him over 
Bearnus. This was done according to orders. Many of his dear friends and faithful 
people accompanied him to Dun-na-n-gall, where a sick man's couch was prepared 
for him, and O'Domhnaill's physicians were brought to cure him ; but they could 
effect no cure for him. They gave him up for death. There was a Monastery 
in the neighbourhood of the fortress in which were sons of life , of the order of 
St. Francis ; and the wisest of these were wont to visit him, to hear his confes- 
sion, to preach to him, and to confirm his friendship with the Lord. He made 
his confession without concealment, wept for his sins against God, repented his 
evil thoughts and pride during life, and forgave him who had wounded him, 
declaring that he himself was the cause, as he had made the first attack. Thus 
he remained for a week, prepared for death every day, and a select father of the 
aforesaid order constantly attending him, to fortify him against the snares of the 
devil. He received then the body of the Lord, and afterwards died on the 22nd 
of October, having gained the victory over the devil and the world. He was 
interred in the burial-place of his ancestors in the aforenamed monastery. 

His father, i. e. Aedh, the son of Maghnus, son of Aedh Dubh, was at this time 
a very old man, living in a state of dotage near the monastery. He was in- 
formed of the death of his son ; he was greatly affected ; and he was in a decline 
for some time afterwards. His confessors? were always instructing him 
respecting the welfare of his soul. 

This Aedh, the son of Maglmus, son of Aedh Og, son of Aedh Ruadh, son of 
Niall Garbh, died on the 7th of December. He had been Lord of Keneal-Conaill, 
Inis Eoghain, and Lower Connacht, for twenty-six years, until he was weakened 
by the English, and bestowed his lordship, with his blessing, on his son, Aedh 
Ruadh after he had escaped from the English. This Aedh, the son of Maghnus 
had attained the lordship after the death of his brother Calbhach, without 

m Their leader. This was Captain It is the antithesis of njejc b&jr, i.e. 

Heath. "He tooke a shott in the sons or children of death, which means 

thigh whereof he shortlie after died." malefactors, or wicked or irreligious 

Docwra. persons. 

n The son of their chief. His father, P Confessors. 2ltjti)CA]ttt>e is theplu- 

Aedh, was still living, but was not ral of AtjnjcxXfiA or xxijAtijcA|tA, which 

the chief ruler of Tirconnell at the is translated " confessarius" by Colgan 

time, for he had resigned to his eldest in his Trias Thaum. p. 294, and 

son. Aedh Ruadh, as early as the year " synedrus seu confessarius" at p. 298. 

1592, when it is stated by the Four The term literally signifies "friend of 

Masters that he was old and feeble. the soul," and is used in ancient Irish 

See p. 1929. writings in the sense of spiritual di- 

Sons of life: i.e. religious persons. rector or father confessor. 


treachery or fratricide, war or disturbance. He was a valiant and warlike man 
and victorious in Ms fights and battles before and during his chieftainship and 
the preyer and plunderer of the territories far and near that were bound to obey 
him, asserting the right of his tribe from them until he made them obedient to 
him ; a man who had laid aside the cares and anxieties of the world after having 
giveu up his lordship to his son, and who was a good earner in the sight of God, 
meriting rewards for his soul for a period of eight years until he died at this 
period. He was interred with due honor and veneration in the monastery of St. 
Francis at Dun-na-n-gall, in the burial-place of the lords who had successively 
preceded him. 

As for O'Domhnaill, at the expiration of the thirty days during which he 
continued besieging the English, he prepared to leave the place in which he had 
been during that period, and to go to another place not less secure, a little 
further from the English, on the west brink of the River Finn, between them 
and Bearnas ; for he was afraid [of the effects] of the cold, rough, wintry season 
on his soldiers, who were watching and guarding every night against the English 
for it was then Allhallowtide ; and he thought it time to bring his army to a 
place of rest after their great labor, for they had not slept at ease for a long time. 
The forces proceeded to the aforesaid place. They pitched a camp under the 
shelter of the wood that was in the vicinity of the river. They erected military 
tents and habitations, and proceeded to cut down the trees around them, and 
raised a strong rampart between themselves and their enemies, so that it was 
difficult to get across it to attack them. Here he passed the time until news 
reached him that two ships had arrived from Spain to the Irish, who were engag- 
ed in the war, with money and arms, powder and lead. These ships put in at 
the harbour of Inbhirmorq in Connacht. He sent the same news to O'Neill 
and went himself to Connacht in the month of December ; leaving after him his 
brother, Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill, with the greater part of his forces, in the camp 
which we have mentioned, to defend the country. On his arrival in Tir-Fhiachrach 
of the Muaidhe, he sent messengers to the above-mentioned ships, to request them 
come into the harbour of Kealla-beaga r . He remained himself at Dun-Neill ;s for 
it was the festival of the Nativity of the Lord, and he solemnized the first days 

q Of Inbhirmor, li)b]|t tijojt, Portus * Dun-Neill: i.e. the Dun or Fort 
magnus, now Broad Haven, in the of Niall, now Dunneill, alias Castle- 
north of the barony of Erris, and quarter, a townland in the parish of 
county of Mayo. Docwra says that Kilmacshalgan, barony of Tireragh, 
these ships put in at Calebeg, now and county of Sligo. See Genealogies, 
Killybegs. Tribes, &c., of Ui-Fiachrach , pp. 134, 

r Kealla-beaga See this place al- 135, 171, 175, 262, 305, 306, and the 

ready referred to under the years 1513, map to the same work. 
1516, 1550. Now Killybegs. 


of the festival with due veneration. News came to him that O'Neill had come 
after him into the country ; and he delayed no longer, but set out to meet O'Neill. 
They met soon after on the road, face to face, and went forthwith to Dun-na- 
n-gall. Thither the chiefs of the North went to meet them. 

The ships aforementioned put in at the harbour of Teilinn, t near Kealla-beaga. 
All the money and other necessaries that were in them [which were sent to the 
Irish chiefs] were brought to them to Dun-na-n-gall, and divided into two parts, 
of which O'Neill and his confederates in the war received one, and O'Domhnaill 
and his allies the other." 

p. 246. The lie of Inche. This is the only island in Loch Swilly, County of 
Donegal, and lies about one mile off Church-town. It comprises 3,039 English 
acres which are chiefly under pasture and tillage. 

P. 246 The Liffer, in Irish lejcbeAti, now Lifford, a small assize town on 
the west side of the River Foyle in the barony of Raphoe and County of Donegal. 

P. 246. Castle Fyn, In Irish CAirleAt) TJA F]ijt)e, i.e. Castle of the [river] 
Finn, now Castlefinn, a small village on the river from which it derives its 
name, in the barony of Raphoe and County of Donegal. See Annals of the 
Four Masters at the years 1434, 1442, 1480, 1531, 1588. 

P. 247. His own sonne Tirlogh. This is probably the Tirlagh O'Neale men- 
tioned in Pynnar's Survey of Ulster, as having received a grant of 4000 acres of 
land in the precinct of Dungannon : " Tirlagh O'Neale hath four thousand acres. 
Upon this he hath made a piece of a Bawne, which is five feet high, and hath 
been so a long time. He hath made no Estates to his tenants, and all of them 
do plough after the Irish manner." Harris Hibernica, p. 211. 

The Editor has discovered nothing more of the history of this Tirlogh, or his 
descendants if he left any. 

P. 247. Calebeg, in Irish CexxlU V>eA3A, i.e. the small churches, now Killy- 
begs, a small town in the barony of Banagh, County of Donegal. According to 
the Irish accounts these two ships had first put in at Inbhir-mor, now Broad 
Haven in the Erris, Co. of Mayo, but that they afterwards sailed northwards 
and put in at Teilinn harbour, about seven miles westwards of Killybegs. Here 
the Irish accounts are certainly more correct, as Docwra had the account of 
the movement of those foreign ships from report only. 

P. 247 Which I stand not upon to make particular mention of. The preys 

and excursions made by Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill and his followers are noticed 
by the Four Masters as follows : 

" A.D. 1600. Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill remained with his brothers and with 
his English at Leith-bhear, as we have already stated, and they made a hosting 

t Harbour of Teilinn, now Teelin, about seven miles westwards of Killy- 
a small harbour about a mile and a begs, in the barony of Banagh, and 
half long, but very narrow, situate county of Donegal, 


into Oireacht-Ui-Chathain in quest of prey and booty ; and they did not halt 
until they arrived at the Dianait, [now Burn Dennet, in the Parish of 
Donaghedy, barony of Strabane, and Co. of Tyrone,] where a great number 
of O'Neill's people met them. A battle was fought, in which many were slain 
on both sides, and O'Neill's people were defeated. Niall with his English 
then returned to their houses in Leith-bhear with many spoils and in 

" On another occasion after this, Niall with his brothers and with his English, 
went into Tir-Eoghain, (Tyrone,) and the entire of Gleann-Aichle (Glenelly, 
bar. Strabane,) was plundered by them. 

" They gave another defeat to the sons of Feardorcha son of John, son of 
Domhnall at Cnoc Buidhbh, (Knockavoe near Strabane,) where they slew many 
persons. Toirr-dhealbhach Og O'Coinne and several others were taken 
prisoners, and they afterwards exacted sixty marks for his ransom. 

"Baile-Nua (now Newtown Stewart) in Tlr Eoghain and Caislean-na-Deirge 
(Castlederg) were taken by Niall and the English, but they were recovered from 
them shortly afterwards," p. 2227. 

P. 247 Phelim Reogh. He was the head of a sept of the O'Dohertys', 

called Mac Devitts. For a curious anecdote of this person, see Annals of the 
Four Masters, A.D. 1595, p. 1979. He afterwards burned the town erected by 
Docwra at Derry, for which reason the sept of the Mac Devitts are still locally 
called 'Burnderrys.'" 

P. 248. About Christmas this yeare died Sir Robert O'Doghertie. Accord- 
ing to the Four Masters he died on the 27th of January, A.D. 1601, and they 
add, that " O'Domhnaill nominated Felim Og, the brother of the deceased, the 
O'Dochartaigh [O'Doherty] ; but that the Clann- Ailin, and the Clann-Daibheitt 
took Cathaeir, the son of the deceased John to Derry, where Sir Henry 
Docwra styled him O'Dochartaigh to spite O'Domhnaill." Compare also O'Sulle- 
van Beare's Hist. Cathol. Iber. fol. 172. It should be remarked that the English 
did not begin the year with the month of January, their 1601, not commencing 
till the 25th of March. 

Mac Swyne Fanaght, i.e. Mac Suibhne or Sweeny of Fanad, a territory in 
the north of Tirconnell, or county of Donegal extending from Lough Swilly to 
Mulroy Lough, and from the Sea southwards to Rathmelton. See Annals of 
the Four Masters, A.D. 1186, p. 71, note B. It is divided from O'Doherty 's 
country by a bay of the Sea, that is Lough Swilly. 

P. 250. Ramullan, in Irish, KAC gtyAel&ii), i.e. Maelan's or Mullan's fort, 

now Rathmullen, a small town consisting of a single street in the west margin 
of Lough Swilly, in the barony of Kilmacrenan and Co. of Donegal. The 
Castle of this place was the principal residence of Mac Sweeny Fanad. See 
Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1516, p. 1335, note n. 

P. 251 Sleuyght-Art, Slice 2ljric, i.e. the race of Art. The inhabitants 

of this tract were the descendants of Art, son of Conn Mor, son of Henry 


O'Neill. The senior of this sept at this time was young Tirlogh, son of Sir 
Arthur, son of Tirlogh Lenogh. 

P. 251. Castle Derg, in Irish, CAifleAt) i)A tsetse, i.e. the Castle of the 
[river] Derg, now Castlederg, a small village in the barony of Omagh, Co. of 

P. 251 Coolmackatren, in Irish, Cuil-Ti)]c-AT)-Ct*e o W ie. the corner or angle 

of Mac an Treoin. This name is now obsolete though not yet altogether 
forgotten, but it has received the alias name of Castleforward. It is situate 
on an arm of Loch Swilly, near the boundary of the baronies of Inishowen and 
Raphoe, Co. ofDonegal. See Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1440, and 1529. 

P. 251 Cargan, in Irish, CAjfiTi5|T), i.e. a small rock, now Carrigins, a small 

village on the river Foyle, about three miles to the south of the city of London- 
derry. See Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1490, p. 1180, note t. 

P. 253 Newtowne, a Castle in Tyrone, in Irish, t)A]le TJUA, i.e. new town, 

now Newtown Stewart, in the barony of Strabane, Co. of Tyrone. See Annals 
of the Four Masters, A.D. 1600, p. 2227, note**. 

Sir Josias Bodley describes this place as follows, in September, 1608 : The 
Newtowne is a place much ruined ; howbeit if it be thought fitt to be held, 
(whereof I can see no necessity, if the Garrisons at O'Magh be increased to any 
strength,) it may be made sufficiently defensible by some small repayring of 
the Castle, and raysiug the walls that encloseth it in some parts scarping the 
banke towards the river side and casting a ditch about it, whereof the charge 
may be 150." 

P. 253. Tirlogh Magnylson, in Irish, CoitMtbheAlbljAcJ) 2t)AC UfAUshurAji). 

P. 253. Ainoch, a Castle of O'Caine's, in Irish, CAT^AC!), i.e. Marsh. This 
Castle is called the Tower of Enagh, by Ware in his Annals, under the year 
1555, and " Arx nobilissima familiae O'Cathanorum" by Colgan, who describes 
its situation as " tertia tantum milliari versus aquilonem distans ab ipsa Civitate 
Dorensi." Trias Thaum. p. 450, note 51. This Castle is shown on several 
maps of Ulster, made in the reign of James I. as situate on an island in 
Lough Enagh East, in the parish of Clondermot, near the City of Londonderry. 
There are no ruins of it at present. See Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 
1555, note h. 

P. 253. Ballyshannon, beAl-AchA-SeATjA]5h, i.e. mouth of Seanach's ford. 
This is now a considerable town on the river Erne, in the south of the County 
of Donegal. It appears from several letters of Queen Elizabeth, that she had 
meditated for a long time to occupy this position, as well as the Derry, with 
English troops, as absolutely necessary to do service upon the rebels of 
Tirconnell ; but no effectual force was sent till the appointment of Sir Henry 
Docwra and Sir Mathew Morgan. 

P. 255 Cormac mac Baron, CotxnjAc njAc AT> bA^uir), he was the brother of 
Hugh, Earl of Tyrone. He possessed the lands around the fort of Aughcr, in 
the barony of Clogher, Co. of Tyrone. 


P. 255. The Abbaye of Dunnagall, in Irish, t5ui) TJA t)-5All, i.e. a fort of the 
foreigners, now Donegal, in the barony of Tirhugh, Co. of Donegal. This 
monastery was founded for Franciscan friars in the year 1474, by Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill, chief of Tirconnell, and his wife Finola, 
daughter of Conchobhar na Srona O'Briain, King of Thomond. The remains 
of the building are still to be seen in tolerable preservation at a short distance 
from the town of Donegal. See Annals of the Four Masters, Ed. J.O'D. In- 
troductory Remarks, p. xxviii. xxix. 

The Four Masters give the following account of the proceedings of Niall 
Garbh and the English in Tirconnell, from this period until O'Domhnaill set 
out for Kinsale : 

" As soon as O'Domhnaill heard of the arrival of this numerous army at the 
place which we have before mentioned, he assembled his forces, and did not halt 
until he crossed the Coirr-sliabh, and the [River] Buille, into Magh-luirg ; and 
pitched his camp directly opposite them [his enemies]. They remained thus for 
some time face to face, spying and watching each other. Many were the con- 
flicts, man-slaughters, and affrays which took place between them while they 
remained thus in readiness for each other, until [at length] the English army 
became wearied, and returned in sorrow to their houses. 

"After this, news reached O'Domhnaill, that Niall Garbh, the son of Conn, son 
of Calbhach, with his [O'Donnell's] English and Irish, had come from the east [of 
Tirconnell], across Bearnas, and encamped at Dun-na-n-gall, in the east of Tir- 
Aedha. When O'Domhnaill received the news that the English had arrived at that 
place he felt grieved for the misfortune of the monastery, and that the English 
should occupy and inhabit it instead of the Sons of Life and the Culdees, whose 
rightful property it was till then ; and he could not forbear from going to try if he 
could relieve them. What he did was this : he left the farmers and betaghs of Tir- 
connell, with their herds and flocks throughout LowerConnacht, with some of his 
soldiers to protect them against [invaders from] the harbours, kerns, and foreign 
tribes, [and] he himself proceeded with the greater part of his army, across the 
[rivers] Sligach, Dubh, Drobhaeis, and Eirne, northwards, and pitched his camp 
in strong position exactly at Carraig, which is upwards of two thousand paces 
from Dun-na-n-gall, where Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill and his English were [sta- 
tioned]. As for O'Domhnaill he ordered great numbers of his forces alternately to 
blockade the monastery by day and night, so as to prevent the English from 
coming outside its walls to destroy anything in the country. Neither of the armies 
did by any means pass their time happily or pleasantly, for killing and destroy- 
ing, conflict and shooting, were carried on by each party against the other. The 
English were reduced to great straits and distress by the long siege in which they 
were kept by O'Dornhnaill's people ; and some of them used to desert to O'Domh- 
naill's camp in twos and threes, in consequence of the distress and straits in which 
they were from the want of a proper ration of food. Thus they passed the time 
until the end of September, when God willed to take revenge and satisfaction of 


the English for the profanation and abuse which they had offered to the churches 
and apartments of the psalm-singing ecclesiastics, namely of the monastery of 
Dun-na-n-gall, and the monastery of Machaire-beag, in which the English whom 
we have mentioned were quartered and encamped, and others of them who were in 
the castle of Dun-na-n-gall. The vengeance which God wreaked upon them was 
this, however it came to pass, viz., fire fell among the powder which they had in 
the monastery of Dun-na-n-gall for carrying on the war; so that the boarded apart- 
ments,and all the stone and wooden buildings of the entire monastery were burned. 
As soon as the spies and sentinels, whom O'Domhnaill had posted to spy and watch 
the English, perceived the brown-red mass of flames, and the dense cloud of vapor 
and smoke that rose up over the monastery, they began to discharge their leaden 
bullets and their fiery flashes, in order that O'Domhnaill might [hear them, and] 
immediately come to them, to attack the English, for they thought it would oc- 
casion too long a delay to send him messengers. This signal was not slowly 
responded to by O'Domhnaill and his army, for they vehemently and rapidly ad- 
vanced with their utmost speed, in troops and squadrons, to where their people 
were at the monastery. Bloody and furious was the attack which they made 
upon the English and their own friends and kinsmen who were there. It was 
difficult and [almost] impossible for O'Domhnaill's people to withstand the fire 
of the soldiers who were in the monastery and the castle of Duu-na-n-gall, and 
in a ship which was in the harbour opposite them ; yet, however, O'Domhnaill's 
people had the better of it, although many of them were cut off. Among the 
gentlemen who fell here on the side of O'Domhnaill was Tadhg, the son of 
Cathal Og Mac Diarmad, a distinguished captain of the Sil-Maeilruanaidh. On 
the other side fell Conn Og, the son of Conn, the brother of Mall Garbh O'Domh- 
naill, with three hundred others, in that slaughter. 

As soon as Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill perceived the great jeopardy in which his 
people and the English were, he passed unnoticed westwards, along the margin 
of the harbour, to Machaire-beag, where a great number of the English were 
[stationed] ; and he took them with him to the relief of the other party of 
English, who were reduced to distress by O'Domhnaill and his people ; and the 
crew of the ship proceeded to fight, and kept up a fire in defence of them, until 
they had passed inside the central walls of the monastery. 

When O'Domhnaill observed the great strength of the place in which they were 
and the great force that had come to the relief of the English, he ordered his 
soldiers to withdraw from the conflict and to return back ; for he did not deem 
it meet that they should be cut off in an unequal contest. This was done at 
his bidding ; and he removed his camp nearer to the monastery, and sent some 
of his people to Machaire-beag, where the English whom Niall Garbh had brought 
with him to assist his people were [stationed]. The burning of the monastery 
and this occurrence, happened precisely on Michaelmas-day. 

O'Domhnaill remained thus blockading the English, and reducing them to 
great straits and exigencies, from the end of September to the end of October, 


without any deed of note being achieved between them during that time, until 
news [at length] reached them that a Spanish fleet had arrived in the south 
of Ireland, to assist the Irish who were at war." 

Compare this and Docwra's text with P. O'Sullevan Beare's Hist Cathol. Iber. 
torn. 3, lib. 6, c. 5, fol. 173. Compare also Mooney's account of the burning 
of the monastery of Donegal in the Rev. M. Kelly's recent edition of O'Sulle- 
van Beare's work. 

P. 256 A brother of his owne. According to the Four Masters this was 
Conn Og, son of Conn. He is the ancestor of Manus O'Donnell, Esq. of Castle- 
bar and of the O'Donnells of Spain and Austria, whose descent, as well as that of 
Sir Richard O'Donnell of Newport and of the Rev. Constantine O'Donnell, from 
Conn, Chief of TirconneU, will be seen in the following genealogical table : 
1. Conn, Chief of Tirconnell, d. 1583 

2. Niall Garbh, AedhBuidhe,2nd 2. Conn Og, third son, 

1st son, who son, d. 1649, I 

left issue, I 3. Maghnus, 

| John, d. 1655, I 

3. Col. Maghnus, I 4. Calbhach Ruadh, 

si. 1646. Connell,L.L. Co. settled in Co. Mayo, 

I Donegal in 1689. I 

4. Roger O'D. I 5. Aedh, 

I Hugh of Lark- I 

5. Col. Manus field, 6- Calbhach Dubh, 

O'D. d. 1736, I I I " I 

Con of Larkfield 7. Manus, 7. Joseph, 7. Henry, 

6. Hugh More, I I I I 

I Hugh of Lark- 8. Joseph, Capt. 8. Charles, S.Joseph, 

7. Sir Neale, field, T I Count O'D. 

I | 9. Joseph O D. 9. Leopold, | 

8. Sir Neale Con O'Donnell of Esq. Count de 9. Maurice, 

n o- J- t, j Larkfield, Esq. I Lucena, now Count O'D. 

9. Sirllichd.O'D. j 10. Manus O'D. General in 

of Newport, Rev. Constan- Esq. of Cas- Spanish Ser- ! - Maximilian 
tine O'Donnell, tlebar, v ^ ce Count O'D. 

how living in General in 

England. the Austri- 

an Service. 

Colonel Manus O'Donnell, No. 5, supra, the ancestor of the Newport family, is 
set down in the list of Subscribers to Mac Curtin's Vindication of the Antiquity of 
Ireland, as head of a Branch of the O'Donnells. According to the traditions of 
Ballycroy, he was the son of Roger O'Donnell by a Margaret Shell, but his 
legitimacy was questioned by the O'Donnell's of Larkfield and Greyfield, and 
other members of the family. It was frequently asserted in articles in the Dublin 
Evening Post by the late Con O'Donnell of Larkfield. This may be the reason 
why Charles O' Conor of Belanagare makes Hugh O'Donnell of Larkfield the chief 
of the Tirconnell line. See Dissertations, First Edition, p. 231. 

P. 256 Newtowne and Castle-Derg.. The Masters inform us that these 
Castles were recovered from Niall Garbh and the English shortly after they had 
taken them ; but they do not say by what means they were recovered. 
P, 257 Ashrowe in Irishes JRuaidh, now Assaroe, a townland containing the 


ruins of an abbey situate about a mile west of Bally shannon. The name was 
originally applied to the cataract at Ballyshannon, now called the Salmon Leap. 

P. 259 CaueBallagh mac Richard, in Irish Cumhaighe Ballach mac Ricaird, 

i.e. Cooey the Freckled, son of Richard. 

P. 259. Dongevin, in Irish Dun Geimhin, i.e Geimhin's fort, now Dungiven 
a small town in the barony of Keenaght, Co. of Londonderry. No part of the 
ruins of this Castle (which stood on the bank of the river Roe to the south of 
the village) now remain. 

P. 260 Terwin mac Guirck, now Termonmagurk in the barony of Omagh, 

County of Tyrone. 

P. 260. Omy, in Irish, Omaighe, now Omagh, a town in a barony of the 
same name County of Tyrone. 

P. 260. Dongannon, in Irish Dun-Geanain, i.e. Geanain's fort, now Dun- 
gannon, a town in a barony of the same name, County of Tyrone. This was 
the chief residence of Hugh, Earl of Tyrone. 

P. 160 Lough Sidney. This was a name given to Loch n-Eathach, or 

Lough Neagh, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, from Sir Henry Sidney, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland. 

P. 260. Mountjoy. The ruins of this fort or Castle are situate near Belle- 
ville, not far from Stewartstown, in the barony of Dungannon and Co. of Tyrone. 

P. 260. Charlemont. The Castle of Charlemont is still a place of impor- 
tance, being the Ordnance depot for the north of Ireland, and head quarters 
for the artillery of the district. Charlemont and Moy may be said now to form 
one town, being merely separated by the Black water, the former being on the 
Armagh, and the latter on the Tyrone side of the river. 

P. 260. Foghan, now Faughan, a river in the barony of Tirkeeran, Co. of 
Londonderry, falling into Loch Foyle nearly opposite the fort of Culmore. 

P. 260. Bangibbon river. This is unquestionably the river called Dianait by 
the Irish, and now Burndennet or Bundennet, a stream flowing through the 
parish of Donaghedy in the barony of Strabane, Co. of Tyrone, and paying its 
tribute to the river of Loch Foyle, nearly opposite Port Hall in the parish of 

P. 261 . The Band, i.e. the river of Lower Bann. 

P. 262. The honnor of knighthood. It is not generally known that SirCahir 
O'Doherty was knighted for his bravery in fighting against the O'Neills. Such, 
however, was the case, as is clear from our author's text. He was as great 
an enemy to O'Domhnaill as was Niall Garbh, and his rebellion when too late 
had its origin in a personal insult. 

P. 263. Clogher, the head of an ancient bishopric in a barony of the same 
name and County of Tyrone. 

P. 263. Augher, a small town situate two miles to the north-east of Clogher. 
The castle of this place was situate on an island called Fraechmhagh by the 
Four Masters at the year 1 602, where they hare the following passage : 


A.D. 1602. ' ' A hosting was made by Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill and the English 
and Irish along with him, from Fraechmhagh in Tir-Eoghain, by order of the 
Lord Justice, who was at the same time laying siege to the island of Fraeeh- 
mhagh. He plundered Cormac, son of the Baron, who was the brother of 
O'Neill, and also Boston [Harry Hoveden], and the country westwards as far 
as Machaire Stefanach, and carried many preys and spoils to Fraechmhagh, 
to the Lord Justice." p. 2323. 

P. 264 The Glynns. Tyrone at this time had betaken himself to the woods 

of Glenconkeine, near the old church of Ballynascreen in the barony of Lough- 
insholin, County of Londonderry. 

P. 265. Sleugh Gillen, in Irish, Sliabk Callainn, i.e. Callann's mountain, 
now anglice Slieve Gallion, a remarkable mountain on the confines of the 
Counties of Londonderry and Tyrone, forming the southern boundary of the 
great valley of Glenconkeine. 

p. 266. My Lord wrote for Rorie O'Donnell. The Four Masters thought 
that Niall Garbh was offered all Tirconnell to be held by Patent under the Crown 
of England ; but that refusing this he got himself inaugurated O'Donnell at Kil- 
macrenan, which exasperated the Lord Deputy so much that he set up Kory 
O'Donnell in preference to him. In this however they were mistaken, for 
Docwra had so blasted the character of Niall Garbh in the eyes of the Lord 
Deputy, that he could not be prevailed upon to recommend his being created 
Earl of Tirconnell. P. O'Sullevan Beare states that Niall Garbh appeared be- 
fore the Council at Dublin, and asserted that Ireland was conquered not by the 
arms of England, but by himself, and expressed his great dissatisfaction at 
the unjust manner in which he was treated by them. 

P. 268. That hee had now taken in Tyrone. If Queen Elizabeth had lived a 
few months longer O'Neill would never have been taken into mercy, for, writing 
to Mountjoy on the 9th of October, 1G02, she says ; 

"Lastly, for Tyrone, we do so much mislike to give him any Grace, that 
hath been the only Author of so much Effusion of blood, and the most un- 
grateful Viper to us that raised him, and one that hath so often deceived us, 
both when he hath craved his pardon, and when he hath received it of us, as 
when we consider how much the World will impute to us of weakness to shew 
favour to him now, as if without that, we could not give an end to this Re- 
bellion, we still remain determined not to give him Grace of any kind." Mo- 
ryson, b. III. c. I. vol. II. p. 225. 

After this her Majesty's Officers in Ireland had recourse to every stratagem 
that cunning and subtlety could suggest to take him prisoner or assassinate him ; 
but fortunately for him, he had been educated in their own school, and had 
learned to avoid them with equal skill and caution. The Lord Deputy com- 
plains of his skill in keeping on his head, and of the inviolable honor of his 
followers, who could not be induced by any bribe he could offer, to lay violent 
hands upon his sacred person, in a letter to the Lords in England written on 



the 25th of February, 1602-3, from which an extract is here given as a curious 
specimen of the politics and morals of those times : 

" And it is most sure that never Traitor knew better how to keep his own 
Head than this, nor any Subjects have a more dreadful Awe to lay violent 
Hands on their sacred Prince, than these people have to touch the persons of 
their O'Neals ; and he, that hath as pestilent a Judgment as ever any had, to 
nourish and to spread his own Infection, hath the ancient Swelling and Desire 
of Liberty in a conquered Nation to work upon, their Fear to be rooted out, 
& to have their own faults punished upon all particular Discontents, and gene- 
rally, over all the Kingdome, the Fear of Persecution for Keligion, the debasing 
of the Coin (which is grievous unto all sorts) and a Death and Famine, which 
is already begun, and must, of Necessity, grow shortly to Extremity, the 
least of which alone have been many Times sufficient Motives to drive the 
best and most quiet Estates into sudden confusion. These will keep all spirits 
from settling, breed new Combinations, and, I fear, even stir the Towns them- 
selves to solicit foreign Aid," &c. &c. 

It appears by another letter given by Moryson book iii. c. 2. and dated 25th 
March 1603, addressed by Mountjoy to Master Secretary, that the designs against 
O'Neill at the time of his being received unto mercy were exceedingly dark and 

" I have received by Captain Hays her Majesty's Letters of the 6th of 
February, wherein I am directed to send for Tyrone, with promise of security 
for his life only, and upon his arrival, without further Assurance, to make 
staye with him till her Pleasure should be further known ; and at the same 
Time, I received another from her Majesty, of the 17th February, wherein it 
pleased her to enlarge the Authority given unto me, to assure him of Life, 
Liberty, and Pardon, upon some conditions remembered therein ; and withal 
I received a letter from yourself of the 18th of February, recommending to 
me your own Advice, to fulfil (as far as I possibly could) the Meaning of 
her Majesty's first letter, and signifying her Pleasure that I should seek by 
all the best Means I can, to promise him his Pardon by some other Name than 
Earl of Tyrone, and rather by the name of Baron of Dungannon, or if needs 
must be, by the name of some other Earl. Secondly to deliver him his Country 
in less Quantity, and with less Power than before he had. And lastly to force 
him to clear his Paces and Passages, made difficult by him against any Entry 
into his Country. And now, since it hath pleased her Majessy, by so great a 
Trust, to give me so comfortable Arguments of her Favour, I am incouraged 
the more freely to presume to declare myself in this great Matter, which I call 
great, because the Consequence is great and dangerous to be dealt in without 
the Warrant of her gracious Interpretation. And though my opinion herein 
should proceed from a long and advised Consideration, described with large and 
many Circumstances, and confirmed with strong and judicial Kcasons, yet, 
because I think it fit to hasten away this Messenger, I will write of these Things 


somewhat, though on the sudden, and commit the reBt to the sufficient judgment 
and Relation of the Lord President, now in his Journey towards you ; and the 
rather, because 1 find him to concur with me in the Apprehension of this 
Cause, and of the State of all other things of this Kingdom. And first for her 
Majesty's first Letter, I pray you, Sir, believe Me that I have omitted nothing, 
both by Power and Policy, to ruin him, and utterly to cut him off; and if, by 
either, I procure his Head, before I have engaged her Royal Word for his 
Safety, / do protest I will do it ; and much more be ready to possess myself of 
his Person, if, by only Promise of Life, or by any other Means whereby I shall 
not directly scandal the Majesty of publick Faith, I can procure him to put 
himself into my Power. But to speak my opinion freely, I think that he, or 
any Man in his Life, which he knoweth how so well to secure by many other 
Ways ; for, if he fly into Spain, that is the least whereof he can be assured, 
and Most men (but especially he) do make little Difference between the value 
of their Life and Liberty ; and to deceive him I think it will be hard, for though 
Wiser Men than he may be over-reached, yet he hath so many Eyes of Jealousy 
awake." Moryson book iii. c. 2, Ed. of 1735, vol. ii. p. 275. 

In the mean time Queen Elizabeth died, (on the 24th of March, 160f ) and 
Fynes Moryson boasts that he himself contrived by laudable cunning that 
O'Neill should make his submission to her, though he (Moryson) knew that she 
teas dead. He made his submission on his knees at Mellifont on the 30th of 
March following, but when he heard the news of the Queen's death, he could 
not refrain from tears, being now a sexagenarian, and seeing the helpless state 
to which he was reduced by the artifice of his enemies ; for the pardon and pro- 
tection he received rested on the dead body of Elizabeth. He had also lost the 
opportunity, either of continuing the war against a weak prince, or making a 
meritorious submission to the new sovereign who was believed to have deduced 
his descent from the ancient Irish. 

The Lord Deputy's honor was however pledged, and accordingly on the 6th 
of April, he did not only renew his protection in King James's name, but soon 
after gave him liberty to return to Ulster to settle his affairs ; but first, O'Neill, 
now once more Earl of Tyrone, delivered up hostages, and also renewed his 
submission in a set form of words, wherein he "abjured all foreign power and 
jurisdiction in general, and the King of Spain's in particular," and renounced 
the name of O'Neill and all power and authority over the Urrighs of Ulster and 
all his lands, except such as should be granted to him by the King ; and he pro- 
mised future obedience, and to discover his correspondence with the Spaniards. 
At the same time he wrote a letter to the King of Spain, requesting to send 
home to him his eldest son Henry, who, however, never returned, for he was 
soon after strangled at Brussels. See the Rev. M. Kelly's Edition of O'Sulle- 
van's Beare Hist. Cathol. Iber. 

P. 268 It was Treason by the Law. Mountjoy was certainly mistaken in 



P. 271. And as another writing a Discourse upon the Battaile of Kinsaile. 
This evidently alludes to Fynes Moryson's account of the victory at Kinsale. 

P. 274 Brake out into open Rebellion, but that fell out a good while after. 

O'Doherty broke out into open rebellion in 1608, and was slain under the rock 
of Doon near Kilmacrenan, on the 5th of July that year, as appears by an In- 
quisition taken 6th Jac. I. See Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 1608, p. 
2358, and P. O'Sullevan Beare's Hist. Cathol. Iber. torn. 4, lib. 1, cap. V. 

The Four Masters give the following account of the proceeding of the O'Domh- 
naill, from the period of the defeat at Kinsale to that of the death of Aedh, 
Earl of Tyrone, at Rome. See Annals of the Four Masters, p. 2324,5. 

" As for O'Neill and the Irish [adherents] who remained in Ireland after the 
defeat at Kinsale, what O'Domhnaill (Aedh Ruadh) had instructed and com- 
manded them to do, before his departure for Spain, was to exert their bravery in 
defence of their patrimony against the English; until he should return with forces 
to their relief, and to remain in the camp in which they [then] were, because their 
loss was small, although they had been routed. He had observed to them also 
that it would not be easy for them to return safe to their country, if that were 
their wish, because their enemies and adversaries would pursue and attack them ; 
and those who had been affectionate and kind towards them, on their coming 
into Munster, would be spiteful and malicious towards them on their return to 
their territories, and that they would attack and plunder them, and scoff at and 
mock them. 

" The chiefs of the Irish did not, however, take his advice, and did not attend 
to his request, because he himself was not among them ; but they resolved on 
returning to their territories. They afterwards set out in separate hosts, with- 
out ceding the leadership to any one lord ; but each lord and chieftain apart, 
with his own friends and faithful people following him. Alas ! how different 
were the spirit, courage, energy, hauteur, threatening, and defiance of the Irish, 
on their return back at this time, from those they had when they first set out on 
this expedition. The surmises of the Prince O'Domhnaill, and every thing which 
he predicted, were verified ; for, not only did their constant enemies rise up be- 
fore and after them to give them battle, but their [former] friends, confederates, 
and allies, rose up, and were attacking and shooting them on every narrow road 
through which they passed. It was not easy for the chiefs and gentlemen, 
the soldiers and warriors, to protect and defend their people, on account of the 
length of the way that lay before them, the number of their enemies, and the 
severity and inclemency of the boisterous winter season, for it was then the end 
of winter precisely. Ilowbeit they reached their territories after great dangers, 
without any remarkable loss ; and each lord of a territory began to defend his 
patrimony as well as he was able. 

" Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill, the son of Aedh, son of Maghnus, was he to whom 
O'Domhnaill had, on the night before his departure, left the government of his 
people and lands, and everything which was hereditary to him, until he should 


return back again ; and he had commanded O'Neill and Rudhraighe to be friendly 
to each other, as themselves both had been. They promised him this thing. 

" The Kineal-Conaill then thronged around the representative of their prince, 
though most of them deemed the separation from their former hero and leader 
as the separation of soul from body. O'DomhnaiU's son, Kudhraighe, proceeded 
to lead his people with resoluteness and constant bravery through every difficult 
and intricate passage, and through every danger and peril which they had to en- 
counter since they left Kinsale until they arrived, in the very beginning of spring, 
in Lower Connacht, where the cows, farmers, property, and cattle of the Kineal- 
Conaill were [dispersed] throughout the country, in Corann, in Luighne, and in 
Tir-Fhiachrach of the Muaidhe. God was the herdsman and shepherd who had 
come to them thither ; for although O'Domhnaill, at his departure, had left his 
people much of the cattle of the neighbouring territories, Rudhraighe did not suffer 
them to be forcibly recovered from him by any territory from which they had 
been taken ; for he distributed and stationed his soldiers and warriors upon the 
gaps of danger and the undefended passes of the country, so that none would 
attempt to come through them to plunder or persecute any of his people. 

" O'Gallchubhair (Eoghan the son of John), had been keeping the castle of 
Baile-an-mhotaigh for O'Domhnaill, since he set out for Munster, until this time ; 
but as soon as Rudhraighe returned he gave the castle up to him, so that it was 
under his command." 

"The castle of Baile-atha-Seanaigh, in which guards had been placed by 
O'Domhnaill, was taken by Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill and the English, after they 
had broken and greatly battered it by a great gun which they had carried to it ; 
and the warders, seeing that there was no assistance or relief at hand, escaped 
from it by flight. This castle was taken in spring. 

"Inis-Saimer [at Ballyshannon] and Inis-mic-Conaill were taken by Acdli 
Buidhe, the son of Conn O'Domhnaill ; and Cormac the son of Donnchadli Og 
Meg-Uidhir, was also taken prisoner by him. 

" Niall Garbh, with his brothers, and the English, went in boats on Locli 
Eirne, and took and destroyed Inis-keithlinn. They also took [the monasteries 
of] Daimhinis and Lisgabhail, and left warders in them." 

** Mac Suibhne Bagh-aineach (Donnchadh the son of Maeil-muire) came over 
to Niall O'Domhnaill and the English. Niall and Mac Suibhne fought a battle 
with a party of the Meg-Uidhir and Mac Cabas, in which many were slain ; and 
Brian, the son of Dubh-gail Mac Caba, was taken prisoner by them. 

*' The island of Cill-Tighearnaigh, [Killierny bar. of Lurg] in Fermanagh, 
was taken by Domhnall, the son of Conn O'Domhnaill ; and he carrjed off many 
spoils from it. 

" Aedh Buidhe, the son of Conn O'Domhnaill, took a prey from Tuathal, son 
of Felim Dubh O'Neill, in the country of the SMcht- Airt O'Neill. 

" Sir Oliver Lambert came in the summer to Sligeach with a numerous army 
of English and Irish, and there encamped against Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill, who 


was to the south of them, and against [the inhabitants of] Lower Connacht in 
general to try whether they could seize on any of their property. Cath-bhar, the 
son of Aedh Dubh O'Domhnaill, went and ratified his peace and friendship with 
Sir Oliver. The place at which Cath-bhar had his residence and fortress at this 
time was Dun- Aille, [Dunally] to the west of Sligeach ; [and] Sir Oliver and Cath 
bhar prepared to go with their forces into Fermanagh, in search of prey and spoils. 

' As soon as Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill heard of this expedition, it grieved him 
that his allies and friends should be plundered, without coming to their relief, if 
he could ; and he repaired to O'Ruairc (Brian Og), to request of him to join his 
forces, that they might engage the English at a pass where he expected to get 
an advantage of them. He also requested him to assist him in the war until 
O'Domhnaill should return to relieve the Irish, and to give him one of his strong 
impregnable castles, as a resting place for his wounded, disabled, feeble, and sick 
people ; and, moreover, that he would allow his people [to remove] with their 
property and cattle into his territory. O'Ruairc refused the son of O'Domhnaill 
everything he requested of him, and the other was grieved and insulted at his 
refusal ; but seeing that he was not strong enough to cope with the English, he 
remained to protect his own people. 

"As for Sir Oliver, he and Cath-bhar went, with their muster, and plundered 
the neighbouring parts of Fermanagh; and, after carrying off many spoils, they 
returned to their houses. 

" Sir Oliver was informed of the proceedings of Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill, and 
how he had requested of O'Ruairc to join him, to obstruct him [Sir Oliver] in the 
expedition which we have before mentioned, and his animosity against him grew 
greater on account of it ; and he, therefore, sent for additional forces to Athluain, 
to wreak his vengeance upon Rudhraighe. As soon as Rudhraighe heard that 
the English of Athluain were approaching him from the south side, and the En- 
glish of Sligeach from the other side, he collected his property, his cattle, flocks, 
and herds, [and moved] with them across Coirrshliabh-na-Seaghsa into Magh- 
luirg, from thence across the Sinann into Muintir-Eolais, and to Sliabh-an- 
larainn, in Conmaicne-Rein ; so that the English seized no portion of them ; and 
the English of Athluain returned to their homes without gaining any victory on 
that occasion. The people of the son of O'Domhnaill [then] returned back again 
with their cattle to the places from which they had set out, namely to Corann, 
Luighne, and Tir-Fhiachrach. 

" Rudhraighe himself then set out with all his forces, and arrived at the is- 
land of Loch-Iasgach [Esk] to the east side of Dun-na-n-gall, where O'Domh- 
naill's warders were, and where O'Conchobhair Sligeach was left in custody, 
since he had been taken by O'Domhnaill until the end of that summer. When 
he came to this castle, his people there were much rejoiced at his arrival. O'Con- 
chobhair promised to be entirely submissive to O'Domhuaill's son ; and after they 
had entered into a treaty of friendship with each other, he released O'Concho- 
bhair from captivity ; and they afterwards returned back to Connacht. 


*' At this time, that is, in autumn, the English of Rosscomain and Upper 
Connacht mustered a numerous army, to march against Rudhraighe O'Domlmaill 
again; and they did not delay until they arrived at the monastery of Buille. Kudh- 
raighe and O'Conchobhair mustered another army to meet them ; and they 
marched across Coirrshliabh, and pitched their camp before the town at the other 
side. They took their people, with their property and cattle, along with them, 
from Magh-O'Gadhra in Cuil-O-bh-Fhinn [Coolavin], to the eastern extremity 
of the Coirrshliabh ; for they were afraid that the English of Sligeach would 
plunder them in their absence, were they far distant from them. Thus they re- 
mained for some time, face to face, in readiness for each other ; and many persons 
were disabled and wounded between them, while in the monastery. The English 
deemed it too long they had been in that situation ; and they resolved to face 
Bealach-Buidhe, and pass it in despite of Rudhraighe and O'Conchobhair. 
They were met and responded to by the Irish ; and a fierce battle was fought 
between them, in which many of the English were slain ; so that they [the 
survivors] were compelled to return back, after being much disheartened. 
They afterwards left the monastery, and returned to Rosscomain. 

"Rudhraighe and O'Conchobhair proceeded across Coirrshliabh, and pitched 
their camp at Eas-dara, to wage war with the English of Sligeach. One 
day they overtook a party of the English aforementioned, who were cutting 
down the corn and green crops of the country, because they were not rich in 
provisions, and they were annihilated by them at once. They [i. e. the English 
of Sligeach and Rudhraighe O'Domlmaill and his party] afterwards made a 
months's truce with each other." 

"Thus they passed the time until the beginning of winter, when the Lord 
Lieutenant and General of the war of Ireland (namely, Charles Blount, Lord 
Mountjoy) sent messengers and letters to Rudhraighe O'Domlmaill, requesting 
him to come upon terms of peace and tranquillity. The import of these [letters] 
was, that it was meet for him to come upon terms of peace and friendship, and 
that, if he would not, he should be sorry for it, for that news had reached him 
that O'Domlmaill, Rudhraighe's brother, had died in Spain, and that the war was 
at an end by his death, and that it would be a great want of wisdom, and [self] 
delusion, in him, if he did not make peace with him [Mountjoy] immediately. 

" As soon as he had read the letters, Rudhraighe called his advisers to him, to 
consider what he should do ; and he began to deliberate with them in council. 
Some of them said that the [report of] O'Domhnaill's death was not true, but 
that the story had been fabricated, [and sent him] to allure and deceive him 
[Rudhraighe], and to bind him by law. Another party asserted that the rumor 
was true, that it was good advice to accept of the peace, when it was requested 
of them ; so that what they finally agreed upon was, that he and O'Conchobhair 
Sligeach should go to Athluain, to ratify their peace with the General. They 
afterwards went, and were welcomed by the General ; and he showed great 
honor and respect to the son of O'Domhnaill, and made peace with him on behalf 


of the King, and confirmed his friendship with him in particular. He then re- 
commended him to return, if he thought proper, to his patrimony. 

" O'Neill (Aedh, the son of Feardorcha) and most of the Irish of Leath-Chuinn, 
except O'Ruairc, came in under peace ; for a proclamation for a general peace, 
and a restoration of his blood and territory to every one that wished for it, had 
been issued by His Majesty King James, after he had been appointed in the place 
of the Queen [as King] over England, France, and Ireland. 

"Mac Suibhne Fanad (Domhnall) came under the law, to join Niall 

" Mac Suibhne-na-d-Tuath (Maelmuire, the son of Murchadh), and Cath-bharr 
Og, the son of Cathbharr, son of Maghnus O'Domhnaill, went to Tirconaill, with 
their people and cattle, to wage war with Niall Garbh and the English. They 
made no delay until they arrived at the Rosses and the Islands. They had not 
been long here when they were plundered by Niall and his kinsmen : and Cath- 
bharr Og was taken prisoner, and detained in custody. 

" The people of Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill repaired to Tirconaill with all their 
property, cattle, and various effects, in the first month of spring. But Rudhraighe 
himself, with his gathering and muster of Irish and English, with Captain Guest, 
went (before his people had removed from the west) to revenge and get satisfaction 
of O'Ruairc (Brian Og), for the insult and dishonor he had some time before 
offered him (as he had in contemplation some time before) ; so that they plundered 
and ravaged Breifne, both its crops and corn, and all the cattle they could seize 
upon, for the greater part of them had been driven into the wilds and recesses 
of the territory. A few persons were slain between them, among whom were 
Eoghan, the son of Feardorcha O'Gallchubhair, and Toirrdhealbhach, the son of 
Mac Lochlainn, who fell by each other on that occasion. A party of the English 
were left in garrison at Drum-da-eithcar, for the purpose of plundering the coun- 
try around them. O'Ruairc was thenceforward obliged to remain with a few 
troops in the woods or precipitous valleys, or on the islands in the lakes of his 

* As for Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill, a letter arrived from Dublin to him, re- 
questing of him to come before the Lord Justice and the Council, to receive a 
patent for Tirconaill, as a reward for his services and his assistance to the Crown. 
He neglected this thing ; and what he did was, to go to Kill-meic-nenaiu, and send 
for O'Firghil, the Comharb of Colamkille ; and he was styled O'Domhnaill, with- 
out consulting the King's representative or the Council. After the Lord Justice 
and the Council had heard of this, they became incensed against Niall, and even 
the General, Sir Henry Docwra, did not well like him, although he had been 
faithful to him, and had rendered him much service before that time. 

" Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill happened to be in Dublin at this time ; and he was 
cited to appear before the Lord Justice and the Council. Letters and writings 
were sent with him to Sir Henry Docwra, ordering him to take Niall Garbh pri- 
soner. Some captains were sent in company with him ; and when Rudhraighe 


arrived at Derry, the Governor sent a party of the officers and captains of Derry 
* * * Tuathal, the son of the Dean O'Gallchubhair ; Aedh Buidhe, *the son of 
John Og ; and Feilim, the son of John Og, with others besides them, were taken 
prisoners on that occasion, Niall Garbh made his escape shortly afterwards, and 
proceeded himself, with his kinsmen and people, into the woods of Keann-Maghair 
[now Kinnaweerin the north of Kilmacrenan parish.] 

' At this time Maghmis Og O'Sruthein was killed by Domlmall, the son of Conn 
O'Domhnaill, in revenge of his brother, Calbhach, son of Conn, whom he [Magh- 
nus] had slain some time before. It would have been better for him that he had not 
done this deed, for many evils redounded to them [Ms family] on account of it ; 
for orders were given to Eudhraighe O'Domhnaill and all the Irish that were with 
him, to the captains who had come with him into the territory, and to Capt. Guest, 
who had been in his company in Connacht, to pursue Niall, his brothers and 
people, and to plunder and prey them. He [Rudhraighe] did as he was ordered, 
so that not a single head of cattle was left with Mall's people, the others having 
carried off with them several thousand head of cattle ; so that vast numbers of 
those who were plundered died of cold and famine. Rudhraighe divided the preys, 
and gave their due proportions of them to the gentlemen who came in his army. 
Aedh Buidhe, the son of Conn, was wounded in the ancle ; and he was sent to 
Crannog-na-n-Duini in Ros-Guill, in the Tuathas, to be healed. The same Aedh 
was taken prisoner by the English, and conveyed to Derry, to be confined ; and 
the Governor declared that he would not liberate him until the person who com- 
mitted the slaying (Domhnall, son of Conn) should come in his ramsom. Niall 
and Domhnall afterwards repaired to the Governor on parole [of honor] ; and 
Aedh Buidhe was set at liberty, and Domhnall detained. 

"Niall O'Domhnaill afterwards went to England, to solicit pardon for his 
offences, and to obtain the reward for his service and aid to the Crown of England 
from King James. Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill also went to England from the same 
motives, although the services of both to the Crown were very different indeed. 
Each of them exhibited his right to Tirconaill. The King and Council then 
ordered that Rudhraighe O'Domhnaill should be Earl over Tirconaill, and that 
Niall should possess his own patrimonial inheritance, namely, that tract of coun- 
try extending from Leachta-Siubhaine, westwards, to Seascann-Lubanach, lying 
on both sides of the River Einn. Both then returned to Ireland in peace and 
amity, matters having been thus settled between them. 

" Niall Garbh, the son of Rudhraighe, son of Egnechan, son of Egnechan, 
son of Neachtan, son of Toirr-dhealbhach-an-Ehina O'Dombnaill, died. 

" An intolerable famine prevailed all (^ver Ireland." 

A.D. 1605 " Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Justice of Ireland, and the Earl of 

Tyrone (Aedh, the son of Eeardorcha), went to Srath-ban. O'Neill claimed a por- 
tion of the territory which Niall O'Domhnaill had obtained from the King, 
namely Moen-tacht. Niall produced before the Lord Justice the proofs that he 
had of his right to Moentacht, in succession from his ancestors ; and, among the 


rest, lie produced the charters which Maghnus O'Domhnaill had obtained from 
O'Neill (Conn Bacach) for setting at liberty Henry, the son of John, whom 
O'Domhnaill (Maghnus) had in his custody. The Lord Justice, Sir Arthur, 
having understood their stories on both sides, he adjudged Moentacht to Niall, 
and said that O'Neill could not by right claim the lands, inasmuch as his title, 
having been more than sixty years in abeyance, had become obsolete. Both 
were obliged to abide by this decision. 

A. D. 1606. "Meg-Uidhir (Cuconnacht) and Donnchadh, the son of Math- 
ghamhain, son of the Bishop O'Briain, brought a ship with them to Ireland, and 
put in at the harbour of Suileach. They took with them from Ireland the Earl 
O'Neill (Aedh, the son of Feardorcha), and the Earl O'Donihnaiir(Rudhraighe, 
the son of Aedh, son of Maghnus), with a great number of the chieftains of the 
province of Ulster. These were they who went with O'Neill, namely, the 
Countess Catherina, the daughter of Meg-Aenghusa, her three sons, Aedh the 
Baron, John, and Brian ; Art Og, the son of Cormac, son of the Baron; Feardor- 
cha, son of Conn, son of O'Neill ; Aedh Og, the son of Brian, son of Art O'Neill ; 
and many others of his faithful friends. These were they who went with the 
Earl O'Domhnaill ; Cath-bharr, his brother, and his sister, Nuala ; Aedh, the 
Earl's son, wanting three weeks of being one year old ; Rois, the daughter of 
O'Dochartaigh, and wife of Cath-bharr, with her son Aedh, aged two years and 
three months ; the son of his brother, Domhnall Og, the son of Domhnall ; 
Neachtain, the son of Calbhach, son of Donnchadh Cairbreach O'Domhnaill ; to- 
gether with many others of his faithful friends. They entered the ship on the 
festival of the Holy Cross, in autumn. 

" This was a distinguished crew for one ship ; for it is indeed certain that the 
sea had not supported, and the winds had not wafted from Ireland, in modern 
times, a party of one ship who would have been more illustrious or noble, in 
point of genealogy, or more renowned for deeds, valor, prowess, or high achieve- 
ments, than they, if God had permitted them to remain in their patrimonies 
until their children should have reached the age of manhood. Woe to the heart 
that meditated, woe to the mind that conceived, woe to the council that decided 
on, the project of their setting out on this voyage, without knowing whether they 
should ever return to their native principalities or patrimonies to the end of the 

A.D. 1608. " Great dissensions and strife arose between the Governor of Derry, 
Sir George Pawlett, and O'Dochartaigh (Cathair, the son of John Og.) The Gov- 
ernor not only offered him insult and abuse by word, but also inflicted chastise- 
ment on his body ; so that he would rather have suffered death than live to brook 
such insult and dishonor, or defer or delay to take revenge for it ; and he was 
filled with anger and fury, so that he nearly ran to distraction and madness. 
What he did was, to consult with his friends how he should take revenge for the 
insult which was inflicted upon him. What they first unanimously resolved, on 
the 3rd of May, was to invite to him Captain Hart, who was at Cuil-mor (a fort 


on the margin of Loch Foyle, below the Deny we have mentioned), and to take 
him prisoner. [This was done], and he obtained the fort in his release. He re- 
paired immediately at daybreak to Derry, and awoke the soldiers of that town 
with the sword. The Governor was slain by Eoghan,the son. of Niall, son of Gerald 
O'Dochartaigh, and Lieutenant Corbie by John, the son of Aedh, son of Aedh 
Dubh O'Domhnaill. Many others were slain besides these. Capt. Henry Vaughan 
and the wife of the Bishop of the town were taken prisoners. They afterwards 
plundered and burned the town, and carried away immense spoils from thence. 

" Alas ! although it was no wonder that this noble chieftain should have aveng- 
ed his dishonor, innumerable and indescribable were the evils that sprang up 
and pullulated in the entire province of Ulster through this warlike rising, which 
he undertook against the King's law ; for from it resulted his own death, on the 
18th of July following, by the Chief Marshal of Ireland, Robert Wingfield, and 
Sir Oliver Lambert. He was cut into quarters between Derry and Cuil-mor, 
and his head was sent to Dublin, to be exhibited ; and many of the gentlemen 
and chieftains of the province, too numerous to be particularized, were also put 
to death. It was indeed from it, and from the departure of the Earls we have 
mentioned, it came to pass that their principalities, their territories, their estates, 
their lands, their forts, their fortresses, their fruitful harbours, and their fishf ul 
bays, were taken from the Irish of the province of Ulster, and given in their pre- 
sence to foreign tribes ; and they were expelled and banished into other countries, 
where most of them died. 

" Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill, with his brothers [AedhBuidhe and Domhnall], 
and his son, Neachtain, were taken prisoners about the festival of St. John in 
this year, after being accused of having been in confederacy with O'Dochartaigh. 
They were afterwards sent to Dublin, from hence Niall and Neachtain were sent 
to London, and committed to the Tower, Niall having been freed from death by 
the decision of the law ; and they [Niall and Neachtain] remained confined in 
the Tower to the end of their lives. Aedh and Domhnall were liberated from 
their captivity afterwards, i. e. in the year following. 

"The Earl of Tirconaill (Rudhraighe, son of Aedh, son of Maghnus, son of 
Aedh Dubh, son of Aedh Ruadh O'Domhnaill; died at Rome, on the 28th of July, 
and was interred in theFranciscan monastery situate on the hill on which St. Peter 
the Apostle was crucified, after lamenting his faults and crimes, after confession, 
exemplary penance for his sins and transgressions, and after receiving the body 
and blood of Christ from the hands of the psalm-singing clergy of the Church of 
Rome. Sorrowful [it is to consider] the short life and early eclipse of him who 
was there deceased, for he was a brave, protecting, valiant, puissant, and warlike 
man, and had often been in the gap of danger along with his brother, Aedh Ruadh 
(before he himself had assumed the lordship of Tirconaill), in defence of his reli- 
gion and his patrimony. He was a generous, bounteous, munificent, and truly 
hospitable lord, to whom the patrimony of his ancestors did not seem anything 
for his spending and feasting parties ; and a man who did not place his mind or 


affections upon worldly wealth and jewels, but distributed and circulated them 
among all those who stood in need of them, whether the mighty or the feeble. 

" Cath-bharr, son of Aedh, son of Maghnus [O'Dornhnaill], a lord's son, who 
had borne a greater name, renown, and celebrity, for entertainment of guests 
and hospitality, than all who were in the Isle of Eireamon ; a second Cuanna-mac- 
Cailchinni, and a second Guair-mac-Colmain for bounty and hospitality ; and 
a man from (the presence of) whom no one had ever turned away with a refusal 
of his request ; died at Home on the 17th of September, and was buried with his 
brother, the Earl. 

" Aedh O'Neill, the son of Aedh, son of Feardorcha, Baron of Dungannon, and 
the heir of the Earl O'Neill, the only expectation of the Kineal-Eoghain to succeed 
his father, if he had survived him, died, and was buried in the same place with 
his mother's brothers, the Earl O'Domhnaill and Cath-bharr." 

" Cath-bharr Og, the son of Cath-bharr, son of Maghnus, Aedh Dubh O'Domh- 
naill, was put to death at Dublin, by the English, on the 18th of July. It would 
have been no disgrace to the tribe of Conall, son of Niall, to elect this good man 
as their chief, if he had been permitted to go home to take the leadership of 
them, by reason of the nobleness of his blood and the greatness of his mind, 
and for his vigor, magnanimity, prudence, prowess, and puissance, in main- 
taining a battle against his opponents. 

A.D. 1616, " O'Neill (Aedh, son of Feardorcha, son of Conn Bacach, son of 
Conn, son of Henry, son of Eoghan), who had been Baron from the death of his 
father to the year when the celebrated Parliament was held in Dublin, 1584 [recte 
1585], and who was styled Earl of Tyrone at that Parliament, and who was after- 
wards styled O'Neill, died at an advanced age, after having passed his life in pros- 
perity and happiness, in valiant and illustrious achievements, in honor and noble- 
ness. The place at which he died was Rome, [and his death occurred] on the 20th 
of July, after exemplary penance for his sins, and gaining the victory over the 
world and the devil. Although he died far from Armagh, the burial-place of his 
ancestors, it was a token that God was pleased with his life that the Lord per- 
mitted him a no worse burial-place, namely, Rome, the head [city] of the Chris- 
tians. The person who here died was a powerful, mighty lord, [endowed] with 
wisdom, subtlety, and profundity of mind and intellect ; a warlike, valorous, pre- 
datory, enterprising lord, in defending his religion and his patrimony against his 
enemies ; a pious and charitable lord, mild and gentle with his friends, fierce and 
stern towards his enemies, until he had brought them to submission and obedi- 
ence to his authority ; a lord who had not coveted to possess himself of the illegal 
or excessive property of any other, except such as had been hereditary in his 
ancestors from a remote period ; a lord with the authority and praiseworthy 
characteristics of a prince, who had not suffered theft or robbery, abduction or 
rape, spite or animosity, to prevail during his reign ; but had kept all under 
[the authority of] the law, as was meet for a prince." 





I. 1. e-ojt) 



T*CAficA]T) bArt/ tie bejtb-cATtA]b, 
O'T) 3 fo, n)Aft 
1170 &e]tcA bo 


bAti) 6^ 8e|tTt)Ar)T)A|b. 

CjlOTT) AT) A | ft ; 





IT) C-1A]tCr)ATl 
bO CA]lle8 TT)O 

bAf TOO bupje 

T)^ clu]C|, ACC CJ1A8 
If btlAC A]|t bAt* 



aJEJotn Masach O'Maethagain, i.e. 
John the thick-thighed O'Meehagan. 
Nothing has been discovered to prove 

the period of this poet, or the pedigree 
of his hero. From the date of the 
vellum MS. from which it has been 



FAREWELL to the son of Conchobhar ! 
It is to me parting with a real friend ; 
From this death, as is evident, 
My eyes I have reddened ; 
[That] I am without the son of Conchobhar 
You may believe from the palms of my hands. 

A noble man was O' h-Eidirsceoil 

A man from whom I received great honor 

I am [now] in Beirre [Beare] with little honor. 

After him, it is a general course of sorrow; 

The death of O' Eidirsceoil is true, 

The general grief of the countries acknowledge it. 

I recognised not this western land ; 
My honor has been lost, 
The death of my kindred man 
Is not the loss of a game, but a lasting grief; 
It is a sign of Diarmaid's death 
That his people have lowered their respect for me. 

transcribed, (H. 4, 22, T.C.D.) it ed, was the son of Conchobhar, chief 
would appear that Diarmaid O'h-Ei- of Corca-Laidhe, who died in the year 
dirsceoil, whose death is here lament- 1508. 


l 6jfCe8 b-UA 
jte b-i) Tjecb ' 
Ajt rj-bol bo't) uji er>ecb 


^v 8e|ie8 A 

^u^be n^fe AH 

C6|IC A3A11)1) 
t)-A1)fU^t)t> AT) 

|* 5 AC fet) 
B^|i]te le A buAT) curb A] 8 

bejic |:A 
bub fjieb co|tc|iA A 

( De|ib 5U|i Ab UA6 ^ 
CUAC cell 


f C| 

ce|ic IACC AC 

lA|t]t becb A 
6 ce|* A T)-^AC 

C-^1) ^Tt) A1) A6!) 

C bupe co b]AT)-curbcbAc, 

A T)- 


O* h-Eidirsceoil would not have listened ' 
To any one dishonoring me ; 
When the noble smooth-faced chieftain died 
I am to-night unhonored; 
0' h-Eidirsceoil's hospitality has received 
At length its proper acknowledgment. 

The worthy minister of humanity 
Was O' h-Eidirsceoil my hospitable friend, 
After my kindred man 
I no longer obtain my desires ; 
Noble friends with us are few 
With whom to stay in this western land. 

To separate from that Diarmaid 
Is a loss above every loss; 

The people of Beirre, through constant grief for him, 
Have not risen out after him. 
[From] eyelashes for that Diarmaid 
Crimson streams are the first that drop. 

Certain that for him is shown 
That state and church are in equal trouble ; 
No blossom in his country is seen, 
No day comes on without fierce rain, 
The fruit is scarce on account of Conchobhar's son, 
And scarce is the milk with milch cows. 

No bee requires the watcher's care, 

Through heat, in the land of West Munster, 

The weather [is gloomy] on account of this one misfortune, 

And every person is deeply grieving ; 

Nor Moon nor Sun shows brilliant-disc 

After him in the land of West Munster. 


YA t>-bjtoc-OT)6jft 

le b- 

It) fejl f AebjtAcb, follAf, 

bo't) bAet)r)Acc f A bqijfejcr 
lerr/ cjto]8] if 
6 J 

bo b8 

CAjtAb bO 

AT)f Ab A3& e 

bo cec b^-pA|* bo ^Ae^ 

be]c if bocA]b] : 

6 80 
c-et)e 5 At) AegA 


TT)A8 flAT) Tt)6 

be]c flAT) bATi)' if bocjtA]be, 
^fbo bAf A5 



A 5- 

Ajl T;-UAbA 

C 6t) T)ecb 

f AC AJI b-cojitjifi C]tu]rr)]-i)e 
'oe boit)' 


I am in grief and in bad repute 
For the want of O' h-Eidirsceoil, 
The keen, candid, placid man, 
Who to humanity was a worthy minister, 
To my heart it is an unwholesome visit, 
I on the grave of O'Eidirsceoil. 

Out of Beirre we started 
Until his heirs grew up, 

Sorrowful am I beyond [any of] the Munstermen 
After the warlike hero. 

[But now] the children of a friend we have seen 
[And] with his heirs we shall remain. 

I shall say unto our Diarmaid, 

To the growth of thy fame thou didst yield 
To be saved thou mayest well hope. 
On the day of the dangerous judgment : 
Let it be believed that since thou departedst 
Hospitality is without a shepherd. 

Not to have died is to us a reproach ; 
If I am well and thou livest not, 
My being well is [to me] a misery, 
Whilst thy death is boiling [up] my grief; 
It is a submersion in an abysm to us 
To live, and thou not living. 

I have gone into listlessness, 
Our pride was but a dream, 
Mighty is every one over us, 
My debility is not attended to, 
The cause of our heavy sadness 
Is that thy heir recognises us not. 



uit) ^bl^rurjuib lerrf 
co criAc ]ATiTtuib AC 

A CU UtljtA TT/AT)ACU]l : 

]f cuj*?'A bo 

pcolA u]nje A 
)6 A3 AC 

CUC Tt)0 CjtfeT) CUjjtf], 
^A CU UjlJlA TI)^ fr 

cuj buT)T) eol 

beo bo clu, } ^bo cuA8A]|*|. 

u bob UflJlA 

T)6cl) ACU '| AT) b-f eTlAt)T)-]*A, 
t)! ^ACA f A C^r)r)ell-f A, 

n)6]t bo ber> c^^ 

T)6C1) t)1 Cjl^t) 5 AT) 

ATI CACT) CU]|V|ff, 

AC A Ve^b^^) ojtu]t)-T)ej 
bol leAC bu]T)T) bo bl^^^&e, 
bATt lee 11* cu^t* coTtriAjbe, 

c'A3AllA1Tb A 
T)A l)-AT)obA]Tl 

A T)-b]AT)-bjto]b co 


A curbA 



I used to be about my Diaraiaid with my distresses 
Till the time for asking [would I be] moaning 
Thou wert the guarantee of my protection. 
It was thee we selected [as our patron] 
To pray for thee at masses, 
The schools are around their protector. 

The love of God thou hast of a certainty, 
It was not for nought thou obtainedst it; 
It is thou that causedst my heavy sadness; 
Thou were the guarantee for my relief, 
Thou hast given us a knowledge of affliction 
Thy fame lives ; thou hast thyself departed. 

Thou wert my security, 
Thou wert my lord, 
None of them in this land 
Have I seen like unto thee, 
Greatly has thy death affected me, 
No one is mighty without a lord. 

Thou have brought distress upon all, 
The loss of thee presses on us, 
To depart with thee would behove us ; 
Methinks it is a cause of debility ; 
To confer with thee in visions 
Is a severe trial to us. 

I am on account of Diarmaid a banished man, 
In severe bondage of late, 
Without a security to redeem me, 
Grief for him first confusing me; 
Though we have sustained many losses 
The last afflction is the greatest. 


bOTt/ bejiATb if bACAb6]jt, 
A ceTfc TtTArb bo jto c/ijojl, 
6 <i>f A bo 56] b 5lAT) orjojft, 
bo bejTi 65 ) 6i&ififceoil, 

65 T17O 8U]T)6 bUCUf A, 
]T) C-flAt feCCAC A]t]t 
bATt) AC b6T)ATT) bUC|lACCA, 
CU^T171)e A|l 8uCCUf C)|A|lT17AbA 

rrjo 8ucl)|iAcc AT) bucbcbuf |*A. 

CA|tAb 6 AC CUAlAtt)A]t, 

T)AC 5T)AC b'f01^5|t), 
lA]TT> |ie A I] 5 f^V lo6|lAt)bAjb, 

8 CAC T)A 

|t locc 

fA TT)A1C bA6T)T)ACC <t>|AJlTT1AbA, 

ATt CATCeTT) T)"} CUAlAf A, 

A AlcgjT) "fAT; jATtcl)ATt-t*A, 

^1 S^T 1 A f e 1 b 

^^V TT)AC A T)- 

2l|t cut* rj^j b^TT? beo-c|tOT8ecl), 
peri)' cul Tie CTijcb 

CU5 ^jATtT^Ulb CO bUCTtACCAcIl, 
3AT) ]ATITIA]8 A|l T A]tTlUTT?ATl ; 

bo ]t]T)be ^J 



That death of O'h-Eidirsceoil 
To my tears is a dyer ; 
His fame he ever continued to augment, 
From God he will receive pure honor ; 
The death of O'h-Eidirsceoil has caused 
The tear to be the dyer of the eye. 

The fullest misfortune I have met 
Is the death of my kind patron ; 
The chivalrous heroic scion, 
To me attending earnestly 
To remember Diarmaid's kindness ! 
To me that kindness is devoutly dear. 

The death of a friend since we heard of, 
[It is] a disease not usually relieved ; 
Near his grave-stone with torches 
All assemble in multitudes ; 
I am alone in West Munster 
At fairs and in drinking houses. 

For us to asperse him would be dishonest, 
Good was Diarm aid's humanity ; 
For spending I have not heard 
Of one like him in this western land ; 
His worldly wealth is not near 
To his son after Diarmaid. 

At first I am not lively hearted 

At putting my back to the land of West Munster; 
Diarmaid gave with generous eagerness 
Without our asking what we sought ; 
God has taken vengeance 
Now upon the land of West Munster. 



lee l& -j 
t:ett Af cttAb lett)' 

6 b-)cA ATI 

A Crt-ifc if CTjeb 

IT) ctteAc ]t]5 bo 

T)A 5AC 
A CUrt)A JUT!) 

]i^||i 'suit) 
bub b-^1^l|t 

, A 4)6, 

C|VOC1) CftjfC, ^T) C|tOCl) CUr 

'cort) 6]t) AT)0^ 

A invert) cjiocl) '3011) 

i AT) cob A] ft curt) ACC Acb, 
6|toc fi, 


A T)OcbA 


b The royal prey. This is carrying 
the technical language of plundering 
into religious sentiment. Christ went 
out on a preying excursion, and 

8uT)t) co 

Attb, bO COT; ATI) Aft. 

2t)Aelcot>Ai,jie, ASUT; A i)-^)|tuinj CotpA ACU 
) /Du^bgeTjTjAjT). <Do CO^COTJTJACC UA ^u^b- 

taking O'h-Eidirsceoil prisoner, car- 
ried him off, a royal captive, to his 
heavenly fort ! 
c My own will. I received too much 


That he may be thine on the day of exaltation, 
(The man who is pain to my heart !) 
Better, O Jesus ! that he has known thee ; 
The heir of Ith is of thy flock ; 

Christ, it is cause of moan to us, 
The royal prey b thou hast taken ! 

Heavier than any oppressive disease is 
Grief for him penetrating mej 
The death of one man has humbled me, 

1 cannot be redeemed. 
Now, O God, be it avenged, 

My own desires if I have heretofore obtained. 

The cross of Christ, the powerful cross ! 

May it defend me now ; be it not concealed ; 

May His holy cross strengthen me ; 

Close is the relationship ; 

It is the powerful assistance, 

That cross in which we have believed. 

To praise the daughter of Anna 
For me is no evil work, 
Without altering the race of Adam, 
May the mother of Christ comfort us ; 
Pray for us earnestly, 
Mary, the illustrious, whom we have chosen. 

I am Tanaidh O' Maelchonaire, and I am at Druim Cholpa in the 
house of Doirghre O'Duibhgheannain. For Cuconnacht O'Duibh- 
gheannain this was transcribed. H. 2, 14, p. 94, vellum. 

indulgence from O'h-Eidirsceoil, and forlorne, do thou, O God, take ven- 
committed sin by following the bent geance of me for my former indul- 
of my own will. Now that I am left gences. 


I. 2. C^6* nj4c Dj.4tinr4t><d &r$ Ui tXiUtjj 


CJlf C lo6-bAT) T)A IOT)5 5-C05CAC, 

CJtOTT) At) CO-CflAb CA|t]tAbA|t. 


He A cobt)u]6 A5 ceAcc A|*ceAc 

A A 

At) Ati?luAi5 bo 

A5 cof A 



bo'i) io ACA 

A -^ot)t) t)A 
AT> coll CAeTbcoTi Ab c 


3eATiTi o bub 

C6At)T) A CJVJCe-T'} 

A TT)OC bA]tTlAl AT) A^TUT) CTlU]Tt) 

AT) I ATT) O'TI leAc A 


luc AT) bu^Tii) ATI 

d Tadhg, son of Diarmaid Og O'Da- O'Daly's of Carbery, on the death of 
laigh. This poem was composed by Sir Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil, or Sir 
Teige O'Daly, who was one of the Florence O'Driscoll, who was chief of 



Tir-Luigheach has met a mischance, 

The angle of the habitations of noble hosts, 

The territory of bright lakes of war ships, 

Heavy is the misfortune which has overtaken them. 

At the time of her chiefs coming in [to possession] 
A heavy misfortune occurred to Tir-Luigheach, 
Her distress overtook her, 
The weight of affliction became manifest. 

When the territory heard her evil news, 
The expiration of O'h-Eidirsceoil's life, 
It was cause of malady in the speckled soft plain, 
The prosperity of the land of Teamhair it obstructed. 

The pure soil had been fruitful 

From the eye that has just been clouded ; 

Softly bending [with nuts] in the land of the ancients 

Might the fair smooth hazel be seen. 

Alas ! for the tribe who look upon 
The eye which now is motionless ; 
Which lately was so rapid 
Viewing the extremity of his land. 

Early in seeking the heavy weapons 
Was the hand which has lost its motion ; 
A fact that has suppressed the cheerfulness of the hosts 
Is the absence from that hand of its activity. 

Collymore in 1585, and was living in elegy on the death of Owen O'Sulli- 

1614. This poet is mentioned in van, and under 1618 as the author of 

O'Reilly's Catalogue of Irish writers an elegy on the death of Derraod 

under A.D. 1602, as the author of an O'Sullivan, who died in that year. 




ACA A b ce^Tice 

COTl^-fl^lt) tMJl CAT) flT), 


T)AC -^iq bA 
cAeif)A Coclu^je ; 


ClA6cl66 A 
bO 10C At) 


T)A T)-eACC-bTlU5 T)- 


AT) o^rie^rt 
bo 1*56 cAqt)e '5 A 

T^TlOTt) AT) 

fob Tt)eA1)T1)AT) 
A OTie A 


AC A A cul Tie CTI^C 

1T)AC ^pl^T) A5 



e 7"Ae knight's life. Sir Finghin or 
Florence O'Driscoll was the head of 
this family and was knighted. He 
was loyal all his life till he joined in 
Tyrone's rebellion, but after the de- 
feat of the Irish at Kinsale, he was 
pardoned for politic reasons. See the 

Pacata Hibernia, book 2, c. xxx. 

f His heir is far from the land. Sir 
Florence O'Driscoll leased the whole 
territory of Corca-Laidhe Mor, or 
Collymore, to Thomas Crooke, Esq. 
an Englishman, for twenty-one years, 
for the sum of 2000. See Talent 


The powerful tongue, which I used to hear, 
Is now bereft of its eloquence, 
No feeble word it ever uttered, 
It was forcible in time of difficulties. 

The ear which is no longer watching 
The beautiful borders of Corca-Laidhe, 
The smooth lands of ancient ships, 
Of oppression on them it would not hear. 

The declension of his mental powers 
Has ruined that land of Finghin, 
That smooth plain of hospitable mansions ; 
Their powers of thought are now overclouded. 

The warning of the death of his noble hand 
Shall lower the prosperity of the land, 
It has poured out lamentations from its heart 
For the shortening of the knight's 6 life. 

Heavy the loss to Lughaidh's land 

Is the extinction of the mind of Conchobhar's son ; 

His heir is far from the land, 

No greater cause of grief could we have. 

Twenty years and more besides 

His back is turned to his native territory ; 

The son of Finghin standing the brunt of spears 

Without having partaken of the wine-feasts of Eire. 

Rolls of Jac. I. p. 107, col. 2, p, 117, the pedigrees of O'Driscoll and of 

col. 2, and p. 169, col, 1, and Smith's Mac Carthy Reagh, preserved in the 

Natural and Civil History of Cork, British Mu&eum, he was the son of 

book 2, c. IV. 4 Sir Finghin by Eibhilin or Ellen, 

Conchobhar, or Cornelius O'Dris- the eldest daughter of Sir Owen Mac 

coll, was the son and heir of Sir Carthy Reagh, and "acapten in the 

Finghin or Florence. According to Archduke's Contrie in 1615." 


30 3-cu]jij:eA8 Coi)cubATi 
3leo T)A T)-eAc AJI Aijinj 

ATI gATlb-qtlAT) leACAT) LtVJ 

A]l At) 6ACCJIA 


bA CeO '] AT) 

"CeoriA loi)3 'SA leACAit) 

CA63Ab loi)5 A IUCC C05A18, 


21 b-t^ujtcAii; t>A 3-cttAeb 5- 

C|t|All CTl6 CO|tp-lA|t AT) 

COlf)lAt) AT) CAlA|&, 
1)1 V |*TT)UA1T) CTlOj&e 

A bjieAC loi)5 b^A |*eAct)A 

beAbcA bo't) beo|iu^&. 

<Do 8^15 AT) loi)5 

ATI AT) T)-3ArjlA 

5160 A lOT)T)-COT) If T)A loit)3t*lb, 

T:TIOTT)CATI leo boi) IAC 


Should he but reach the extremity of Munster 
It is certain that Conchobhar would press 
The battle of armed steeds for the raising of prey, 
In the broad rough third of Lughaidh. 

To plunder his chartered land, 

To contend for the territory of his sons ; 

In the expedition which he would make this day, 

And which would be a deed difficult to be performed. 

On the stormy surface of the furious ocean 

The vigilant son of Finghin has met , 

Hotter trouble in Turkey 

In the fight of the wonderfully armed hosts. 

Three ships had this fair-cheeked chieftain, 
Fifty ships had the opposing warriors, 
Behold the horseman of the plain of Cians * 
Not one of those returned thanks. 

In Turkey of the branching tribes 
The beautiful ship of the son of Eibhilin 
[Had] the track of its breast-plank in the east 
Through the middle of the fleet. 

The entire fleet of the harbour 

The heart of Conchobhar did not meditate 
That his speckled ship should shun them ; 
[Though it was] an unequal fight to the stranger. 

The large ship he directly steered 
Against the fierce hateful horde ; 
The bravery of his valiant heroes in the ships 
Was proved by them on that occasion. 

e Plain nf Cian, i.e. Munster. 



bO CUJC C6AT)T) AT) 6oblA]5 

CAC CAJI bfieif A 

bo fTuveiTjeAb le]f AT) l 

ATI CACA^e AT) ^-^11] 1)1) 

bo cu^tie 

cfi)i) A 3-ci)i), 
qri ^i)A qnjcfll. 

l]T)t), A leAbriA^b T)A 

1)AC T)6AC bO Tl'fgeACC 
bO CUA]|t A|T)TT) f'T) 

qri o b-reAfbA A cAb 
eArn; co|*3|tAc Coi)C 

TT)A|T13 T6Alb-^OT)T) ^1 T)A 

Mjri ^UACA]8 A olc bo i Tie AC^ 


bU^b UCC ATI 6|TIJT)T). 

AT) C-ACA^Tl A T)-ATlT > U]8eACC^ 
AC CTl6-5U]l bOT) CTljC T-|T) CJAJl, 
bO 8l 


By the hand of the hero of the land of Uisneach 
The commander of that fleet fell, h 
And a battle disproportioned to his few noble men 
Was by him gained on that day. 

He sustained at another time 
By the exertions of his valor 
Against the attacks of the fair green land 
The plain of the great festive Flanders. 

Rapid wheels that bore good news 

The heir of Ua h-Eidirsgeoil was used to send 

Through Ahnaine in every direction 

And shrieks of death through the countries around him. 

It pleases us that, in the books of the schools, 
It is not any of the kingdom of the Saxons, 
Who obtained the title as a title of fame, 
Who spread a name by these achievements. 

Alas for the country wanting the aid 

Of the victorious red hand of Conchobhar; 
Alas for the native land that is deprived 
Of the man of these warlike achievements. 

The chief of the clustering locks disliked not 
To scour the coasts of foreign lands, 
Although on his account we have been plundered, 
Yet still shall he not make a descent upon Eire. 

The son abroad from his people, 
The father in decrepid age, 

A cause of deadly lamentation to that western land 
Which sheltered the great blood of Maicniadh. 

h The commander of that fleet fell. any other authority for these state- 
The Editor has not been able to find ments. See Notes at the end. 



jio eft) TV15 t)A 
OTi-5Ti*v|T) b'& 
A 3-coT)t)TT)A]l bo f^ji f 

o 03 AT) 

t)6AC bO 

Coi)cobA|t, AT) c6 bo 605, 

AT) C-flAC 'fA 

A3 C6ACC CAJl C6O|lA1t)t) 


C01)6lAt)T) ' 
|10 CTIOT1) AT) 

TIU5A6 At) 
At) 65 fctTfjATt 

IACC A c^ce bo CAJC f]t) 

ATI 7T)A1C At* CTljCe 


bo 6A]l b]T"e A 

A CAjTICT TT)ATl At) 5-CTlAqb 


T*UA& A ft) AIT) 

i Affection of the king of Spain. Collymore. See Smith's Cork, (ubi 

This Conchobhar never returned to supra). 

Ireland, nor did his heir ever recover k The son of Johanna, i.e. Sir 

the patrimony of Sir Finghin in Finghin or Florence O'DriscolJ, who 


The son of Eibhilin of the hot conflicts 

Obtained the great affection of the king of Spain ; * 

He will be therefore hated at this side 

In the holding which he [by right] perpetually possesses. 

The sagacious king yonder [of Spain] has selected 
One who will humble the might of his foeman ; 
Conchobhar is the one he has chosen, 
He is the fulfilment of valor's engagements. 

The son of Johanna k of the race of heroes 

Is a check upon the achievements of West Munster; 
The scion's wisdom is spread throughout Flann's land, 
Whilst [his father's] age is extending beyond the boundary. 

The manhood of her true love has ended, 
Far from her is the mind of her young son ; 
This district has no bond of union, 
Very severe is this affliction which has overtaken it. 

The Heavenly King was born 
Of the fruitful illustrious virgin, 
Whose breast-milk he consumed, 
Our salvation through her he Worked. 

The clustering tendrils of the branch 
Supplied to her its goodly wealth ; 
Her fruits like the family branch 
Have come to an ebb with Eibhilin. * 

A host of poets from Snamh-da-ean m 

Were used to receive wealth from the daughter of Ellen; n 

was the son of Johanna, daughter to 1 Eibhilin, i.e. Eibhilin, daughter of 

Conchobhar Finn O'Mathghamhna, Sir Owen Mac Carthy, and wife of 

(Conor Finn O'Mahony). He was at Sir Finghin O'Driscoll. 

this time a very old man, m Snamh-da~ean, i.e. in the swimming 



AT) rsol 6't) tfae 
ge cjto8 6'i; C 


AJl ^6A 5AC 


of the two birds. This was the old 
name of that part of the river Shannon 
lying between Cluain-mic-Nois and 
Cluain-Boirinn, between the King's 
county and the county of Koscommon. 
See Tribes and Customs of Ui-Maine, 

p. 5, note f . But the name is proba- 
bly here intended for Loch-da-an now 
Loch Macnean in Fermanagh. 

n Daughter of Ellen. Oilean or 
Ellen, the wife of Sir Florence O'Dris- 
coll was the daughter of Sir Owen 


The school from the ship-abounding Line 
Received wealth from this Mac Carthyan matron. 

Graceful hospitality is ministered 
To all who come each night, 
At the quiet banquet of the populous mansion, 
By the placid, generous, cheerful dame. 

Mac Carthy Reagh. Ellen or Eibhilin, leian 1425, p. 21. 
her mother, was daughter of Diar- o Line, i.e. Magh Line, a plain in 
maid O'Ceallachain or Dermot the present county of Antrim, extend- 
O'Callaghan. Her grandmother was ing from Loch Neagh to near Car- 
Eleanor Fitzgerald, daugher of Gerald rickfergus. It is here put for Uladh 
8th Earl of Kildare. See MS. Har- or Ulster. 



I. 3. 



At& put) 

le l cc 

T)A - 

t)A jjt, 

r)^v le fj : l oil 




AT) C0]]t A5 

rr;6A A6 

A Cjl'jC 

T)-eACC 5-CUTIA& &O CA|U|*eAb, 

vFearfeasa O'Cainte. For som 
account of this poet and some of his 
other productions the reader is referred 
to O'Reilly's Catalogue of IrishWriters, 
A.D. 1617. This poem was composed 
by him for .Conchobhar or Cornelius 
O'Driscoll, (son of Sir Finghin or 
Florence,) and his wife Eibhilin, the 
daughter of Domhnall, son of Eoghan 
Mac Suiblme of Muskerry. 

The Race of Ith, i.e. the O'Dris. 
colls and their correlatives. 

r Race of Eibhear, i.e. the Mac 
Carthy's, O'Brien's, O'Sullivau's, and 
their correlatives in Munster. 

s Race of Ir, i.e. the Magennis's, 
Mac Artain's, and their correlatives 
in East Ulster, also the O'Conor's of 
Kerry and Corcomroc, and the Mac 
Rannall's of Muinter Eolais, and the 




By themselves [alone] 1 the Clann Itha make war, 
(Long has the desire of extirpation been 
In their hearts one and all), 
For the sovereignty of the land of Eire. 

It is not on the Race of Eibhear* or Ir 8 
They make war in nnpeaceful times, 
The offspring of kings of heavy muster, 
Nor on the great progeny of Eireamhon.* 

These have no other cause 
For checking peace or waging war, 
But to assist the rights of the Race of Lughaidh 
At the powerful incitement of their ollamh. u 

The Race of Ith have the right, 

Many is the cause of their disquietude, 

On account of the harbour- full country of Cobhthach v [Ireland] 

Which they won from strangers. 

Many a prize, not a trifling prize, 
Many a loss of heroes they sustained 
For the green, bright-hilled, fine country, 
From the adventurers of Crimhthann's Plain [Ireland]. 

OTarrell's of Annaly. 

* Progeny of Eireamhon, i.e. the 
O'Neills and O'Donnells of Ulster, the 
O'Conors of Connaught, the Mac Mur- 
roughs, O'Conors Faly,&c, of Leinster. 

u Powerful incitement of their Ol- 
lamh, i.e. by the historical knowledge 
of their chief poet. 

v Country of Cobhthach, i.e. Ireland. 
The Irish poets were accustomed to 

form names for Ireland by prefixing 
Fonn,Magh,Crich, orTir, to .the names 
of any of her celebrated monarchs, as 
in the present instance from Cobh- 
thach Gael m-Breagh, A.M. 4609, 
Four Masters. O'Flaherty in treating 
of the different names of Ireland 
notices this custom in the following 
words : 

" Denique non raro a poetis patriis 


rr)6jt b- 

6 fl} ; Ct J : CA A 5-CACA^b CT)j ; CC 
3UJI b^ACU^T) ff C A t)-&|fbf CC. 

5 AT) eiftTje A 5-cott)bAi8 003 A6 


A - 
A - 

3 AT) lAbA^C ffCA |ie j*6Al 

CU|t CftOb, A8t)Ab 


^ cc J : CA fruilt)5eAf bocAji 

b6|b A|* CO|IA 


quorundam celebriorum Insulae regum bus ex Hugone O'Donnnelli filio, 

adjectis nominibus, hujus, vel illius 

regis (expresso nomine) regio, plaga, C|io Cuji)i) 

terra, campus, regia, curia, aut quid fat U5A|tje if ACAI& 2lmc 

simile cognominatur ; ut in sequenti- Ctxfc CobrA]5, 



Many a beautiful, shamrock-flowering plain, 
Many a noble, bright-shining court, 

[Are lost] from the Race of Ith and in the hands of knights 
So that it would be a sufficient cause of fury to hear them 

Not to rise up in warlike alliance, 

After all the evils which they have sustained, 
The tribe of the land of round-nutted woods ; 
'Tis wonderful how long their forbearance. 

It is hard if victory they gain not, 
For it is not excessive ambition, it is not injustice, 
That drove this noble tribe of sharp spears 
To take to steps of wars. 

f'Twas] their own danger, the fear for their lands, 
That contributed, though long their forbearance, 
([And] peace not having been spoken of for some time) 
To kindle the fire of the heroes. 

Well it becomes the blood of Ith 
To fight battles, to kindle wars, 
For the prize of the land of the nobles 
They were bound to relieve it. 

The Race of Ith, who suffer injury, 

Tis' they who have the best right to make battle 
For the smooth, well-placed, far-stretching land 
Of all the Gaeidhil of the land of Felim (Ireland). 

Dicta Tuathalii domus Eria, regia Arturi regie, vestrum et, Cormace, 

Quinti theatrum." 

Fedlimu fundus, plaga Cobthaca, et 

Hugonis arvum : Ogygia, p. 19. 


<|A bo 

t)6AC bAT) 1)-O1Jl6lfJ AT) 

T* A6TIA& A beAT)11, COJTt)6e A CflU|6, 

|t)A AT) C-0|5fte Af 6ATITI OJlCU|b. 

b6 AT* coriA 


5^f bd AT* 

ceAbif;AT)t)A|5 te 
briujc Bo|T)i)e. 

bo . 

T)! bA|l 
6lATl fl : 



ceATtb AT* bAe|]te bo 86AT)AtT) 

l cSfiA bdjb,, ^IA bo 

tTUTfb UTT) CoTtCA^j, T)6 UTT) 

IT) A CUTI beAbcA bub 86ACC 

Mo un? MAJ* LA|JeAt) t)A leA|i5 b-ce, 

T)0 UTT) 2lc-d|AC t)A 3~CUAT) 

, i.e. the river Boyne, in the the O'Driscolls and their correlatives. 

region traversed by which the old y Corcach, i.e. the City of Cork. The 

English were exclusively seated. poet here argues that the race of Lug- 

x The descendants of Lughaidh, i.e. haidh were entitled to the monarchy, 


There is not of them, by the justice of God, 
One to whom the heirship is more fitting,' 
To free her mountains, protect her cattle, 
Than the best heir which is of them. 

The son of O h-Eidirsceoil, of smooth breast, 

For him it is the most becoming of all the men of Eire, 
To fight for its sake in the battles, 
The land famed for battling and wars. 

Conchobhar, heart of a lion, 
Will fight, as for him it is right, 
For the fertile, warm, music-loving land, 
With the old English at the bank of Boinn. w 

Well may they fear, tis God that wills, 
His tribe and Conchobhar, 
Who will extirpate them, no trifling deed, 
For the warlike plain of Felim. 

The descendants of Lughaidh* will defend, 
In battles and in conflicts, 
Corca--Laidhe y of the fine plains, 
A deed which it is most difficult to perform. 

It is not more right for them, God has ordained it, 
To fight for Corcach or for Caiseal, z 
Than to make battle in becoming manner 
For the plain of Teathbha, a or for the North. 

Or for Nas of Leinster b of the warm plains, 
Or for Ath-cliath c of breezy harbours, 

and that therefore they had as much in Westmeath. 

right to Cashel, Naas, and Dublin, b Nas-Laiyhean, i.e. Naas, one of 

as they had to Cork or Dunboy. the ancient seats of the Kings of Lein- 

* Caiseal, i.e. the City of Cashel. stcr. 

Teathbha, Teffia, a large territory c Ath~CKath, i.e. Dublin. 




i;o uri) cuAtA]b BAC] leAc ATI 

t>o urt) CftuACA]T) 21], i)6 uti) OjleAc. 




fl] : cc ) : CA 6 

b6|b bo pe]c ^A]tnjA TJA - 

bo brie]c 



bO C] J : t AT) A]]tTT) 
AT) Tl 


d The lands of Baei, that is the lands 
belonging to the Castle of Dun-Baei, 
or Dunboy, then belonging to the 
O'Sullivans Beare of the race of 
Eibhear, but originally a part of Corca 
Laidhe, the territory of the O'Dris- 
colls. The Irish called Dursey Island, 
Oilean Baei Bheirre. See O'Sullivan 
Beare's ^'s*. Cathol. Iber. lib. viii. 
c. 3. and Pacata Hibernia, vol. ii. p. 
563, and Annals of the Four Masters, 
A.D. 1602. 

e Cruachain Aei, i.e. Rathcroghan, 
near Belanagare in the county of 

tAileach or Oileach, now Ellagh, 
near the city of Londonderry, in the 
barony of Inishowen, county of Done- 
gal, one of the ancient seats of the 
Kings of Ulster and of the monarchs 
of Ireland. 

s His own fortress. There are va- 
rious accounts of this discovery of 
Ireland by Ith, the uncle of Milesius 
of Spain, given in Irish MSS. as in 
the Book of Leacan, fol. 12, and in 
the Book of Ballymote (fol. ), and 
in Jhe Annals of Clonmacnoise as 
translated by Connell Mageoghegan. 
See also Dr. Todd's Edition of Nen- 
nius's Historic Britonum, p. 241. 

It is given as follows in Lynch' s 
translation of Keating's History of 
Ireland, which pretty fairly agrees 
with the allusions in the text of this 
poem : 

" Progrediente tempore Breogani 
progeniei magna fiebat et virorum 
atque virium accessio : Quare partim 
Hispanise tantae multitudinis levanda 
causa, partim dominandi-aviditate cor- 
rcpti, de sedibus peregre petendis 



Or for the lands of Baei, d one and all, 
Or for Cruachain-Aei, 9 or for Aileach. f 

Were a just division made with them, 

With the Race of Ith, who shed crimson blood, 

To them would come the grassy plain of the fair men 

By the judgment of the patron of Eire. 

The manner in which they obtained 
The Race of great Lughaidh, son of Ith, 
Right to the great Boinn of Breagh of the banners, 
As an honor beyond the sons of Milidh [Milesius]. 

From the top of his own fortress^ 

Ith of the sharp-pointed weapons perceived 

Over the great clear calm sea 

The semblance of an island from Spain. 

sibique subjugandis deliberarunt. Hue 
et accessit, quod continua per vigenti 
sex annos ariditas ex imbrium defectu 
orta, et corruptum coelum a cadaver- 
urn in assiduis contra Tubaliades, et 
alios adventitios hostes dimicationibus, 
foetore annonse difficultatem in His- 
pania peperit. Tandem consilio in 
Breogani turre coacto, decreverunt 
Ithura Breogani filium Brathi nepo- 
tem, qui et suopte ingenio sapiens, 
peragratis jam inultis exteris regioni- 
bus locorum peritus habebatur, in 
Hiberniam mittere, ut insulaa naturam 

" Aliifabulantur Ithohieme in Breo- 
gani turre versato Hiberniam in nubi- 
bus apparuisse : sed a veritate illos 
aliena loqui inde liquet, quod affini- 
tates et commercia inter Hispanos et 
Hibernos multo ante Ithum interces- 

eerint. Eochus enini Erci filius, pos- 
tremua Firbolgorum rex Tailtam Mag- 
more regis Hispaniae filiam matrimonio 
junctam habuit. 

" Itbus, delectu habito, centum quin- 
quagenta strenuis comitibus sibi ad- 
scits, ex Hispania solvens in Hiber- 
niam tendit* cujus cum aquilonarem 
plagam attigisset, in locum egressus 
' Campum Ithi' postea dictum, ex indi- 
genis aliquot obviam factis, eum 
Scotica, ecu Hibernica lingua compel- 
lentibus, eodem usus idiomate respon- 
det, cormnunem cum illis originem a 
Magogo se trahere et eandem linguam 
a eui generis hominibus usurpari. 
Hinc antiquarii colligunt in Libro, 
qui de deductis in Hiberniam Coloniis 
est Scoticam, seu Hibernicam, seu 
Gaidelicam linguam Nemedo, poste- 
risque, necnon Firbolgis et Tuadedo- 



ti) AC Bile, n)]c 

A tf t; 

f^ce b'pjAtjrjAib 
t>A cjvjce Ab 

beAt) U>CA6 Af 
30 n&wic SAT) fto 
fO]JeA6 30 ji cocjt<v6 


|t b-ceAcc A 
lAec i)A|t luce f 

nanis vernaculam fuisse : quod a vero 
minus abhorrere censeo quia ut antea 
retuli, Gaidelus Ethori filius Gaideli- 
cam linguani jussu Fenisii Farsii 
Scythiae regis primus instituit, et con- 
cinnavit in Ludo dicto Literario a 
Fenisio stabilito, etc. ect. etc. Non 
est igitur cur ulli moveat admira- 
tionem Ithuui et Hiberniee turn indi- 
genas Gaidelica lingua collocutos. Sed 
unde digressa est eodem revertatur 
oratio. Ithus regionis et regis nomen 
ex adstantibus sciscitatus, responsum 
tuht, regionem, Innis Elga id est 
nobilem insulam dici, regni vero ha- 
benas Carmodi Melbheoli filios, alter- 
nia annis, ut supra expositum est, 
moderari ; eos in Oileach Neid, aqui- 
lonari Ultonia plaga de proetiosa ma- 
jorum suppellectile altercari. Haec 
ubi accepit Ithus Reges, centum sibi 
comitibus adjunctis, adire constituit, 

quorum in conspectum ubi venit, salu- 
tationibus caeterisque occurrentium 
officiis perhumaniter exceptus, eorum 
de controversia per ipsosmet certior 
factus est, imo perspecta ejus indole 
totius litis derimendse ab omnibus illi 
potestas ultro defertur; ille suppel- 
lectilis portione in eingulos collata, 
prasfato primum honore, captaque rite 
venia, sic reges affatus est : ' Non mea 
me optio aut consilium (principes 
optimi) sed casus et tempestatum in- 
quitas hisce littoribus advertit, proinde 
omni objecta mora his excedere terris, 
patriamque repetere necesse est: ta- 
men hanc vestram ditionem non pos- 
sum non immensis efferre laudibus, 
eum tantam soli ubertatem, et amoeni- 
tatem coeli tarn moderatam temperiem 
aspiciam, ut nee nimio a3stu torrcamini 
'nee immodico frigore rigeatis, novalia 
rcstra copiosa scgcte, flumina pisce, 



I tli, son of Bile, h son of Breogan, 
Set out in temperate weather 
With a select party of heroes, of evil, 
To seek for the country which he saw. 

No delay happened to his ships 

Until he arrived without much of error, 

[Until] he reached, and it was a perilous adventure, 

The briny harbours of the land of Eire. 

He proceeded upon his coming to land 

With a band of heroes, not great in number, 
Firm was their advance as if to give battle 
Unto the sons of Cearmad. 

pascua pecoribus, alvearia melle, oves 
vellere, vaccaa lacte satis superque 
abundant, quidni ergo ad diversas 
regni plagas singuli seceditis, et se- 
junctam sibi ditionem quisque vestrum 
arrogat ? Ubi seorsim in subditos sibi 
subjcctos imperium exerceat ; omnia 
enim, quae vel ad vitam tollerandam, 
vel ad dignitatem retinendam pertin- 
ebunt, sua cuique ditio abunde suppe- 
ditabit.' Haec oratio, ubi regibus offi- 
ciosc salutatis, ille discesserat, adeo 
alte in regum animos descenderat ut 
indubitatam generaverit suspicionem, 
ilium ideo insulaa dotes tarn accurate 
contemplatum, quod in earn opportu- 
nitatem et apparatum bellicum nactus, 
redditum molliturus esset, et pulsis 
indigenis, suos advenas armis suffec- 
turis. Quare insidias illi, ad classem 
remeanti, struendas, e vestigio curant, 
ct centum quinquagenta milites, Mac- 
uillo duce, in insidiis locati, injunc- 

tum eibi munus impigre obeuntes, in 
incautos, apud Ithi Campum, validum 
impetum de repente faciunt, ipsique 
Itho pone subeunti tarn multa vulnera 
infligunt, ut vita3 discrimini, suorum 
subsidio subductis lacerum corpus in 
navem aegre traxerit, animamque pau- 
lo post inter navigandum efflavarit. 
Cadaver exanimum in Hispaniam (ubi 
sepultura traditum est) perlatum, ac, 
ut erat cicatricibus laniatum in ami- 
corurn conspectum prolatum, tan tarn 
eorum cxcandescentiam excitavit, ut 
sese necem illius de Carmodi filiis 
quamprimum ulturos conjurauerint. 
Nonnullorum Antiquariorum sententia 
est Ithum in Drumlighnia caesum, et 
in Ithi campo terrse mandatum, veruin 
superior sententia magis explorata est, 
et plurium suffragiis comprobata. p. 

h Ith, son of Bile. This should be 
Ith, brother of Bile, son of Breogan, 



bo bj '5111? 5-clojrn; f |t) CeAjtrrju|b, 
|^ : c r>A b-j:oclA|b We AJI leAC, 
A5 ceAcc bo ) : c 50 b-O]leAc. 


CjljC A ]tOT)T)A, 

b6]b 'i 

A CUA]8eAt) 5 A T1}0 

bo ]*rouA]r)eA& leo A 

leo A|t 
A 3-clAt;t) 

A]t ] : C AT)T) 


'J*A Jleo A 
bo b' AcrbeleAc leo A 


AT) e]T)Trj 

T)A lAT)T) 

rfje|C 2t)]leA6, 

iMaghltha, i.e. the plain of Ith, ^Sons of Cearmad. These were 

a level tract of country in the barony Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht and Mac Greine, 

of Raphoe and County of Donegal. three Tuatha De Danann chiefs who 

The river Finn flows through it. had governed Ireland alternately year 



About the division of Eire of the sweet""grass, 
These sons of Cearmad had come 
To fierce words on either side 
On Ith's arrival at Aileach. 

The kings bade him welcome, 

They disclose the cause of their dispute, 
Wisdom had not governed their distribution, 
Until Ith made peace between them. 

He bids them farewell after this, 

He takes from them their [good] words, 
From the north, what greater pity, 
They [then] meditated to pursue him. 

They considered after disclosing his adventure, 

That his coming to the island was dangerous to them ; 

. Their children were disgraced by their conspiracy ; 
Towards Ith they acted treacherously. 

On Magh Itha 1 of the soft pasture 
He is slain by the sons of Cearmad, k 
Though they exulted having slain him in the conflict, 
It repented them [soon] that they pursued him. 

The people of the son of Bile carry 
By force from the stranger tribes, 
(An event from which evil to them all arose,) 
The body of the hero to Spain. 

Lughaidh 1 of the ancient swords sets out 
And his relatives the sons of Milidh 

about, immediately preceding the Annals of the Four Masters, A.M. 

Scotic Gadelian or Milesian invasion. 3500, Ed. J. OT>. p. 25. 

See Keating's History of Ireland (Ha- l Lughaidh, i.e. the son of Ith. See 

liday's Edition, p. 213, 265); the Keating's History of Ireland (Haliday's 

Leabhar Gabhala of the O'Clery's and Edition, p. 285, 303, et sequen. 



1=T)A 3-CAejft flllA| f>GAT)CA, 
bO bllA]T) A 6ATICA b'f]Tl fe]TieAT)T) 

2ift b-ceAcc A b-cfft, 5*1 ceo 

^AJl rt?A|$A& 

f|i; bo f&t) At; 
ACO 6 tuACAjb 
be CA flf cc ) : CA AT) geA5 jeAl, 
A|t cyifcAb cob bV c 

f|t) Af }Ab bo - 
i> 50 b-cAi)3A^f tie 



) : CA ATI 

6 5 AC T>I : TI t>i|t foU]Ti be^c, 
bo : t) b'A 


ttjA'f byl bu]c'fAt) c] COTI 

UA >CA, n?e]c B]le ! 

IT) ATI 6]Tl|C 6'i; A]T)bf|t)e 

bo 5A]bceA|i bujc ceAi^t) A 3-ceATW, 
A - 

A3Ab, A oijTie 

3 AT) T-BAI^A ATI 3ATlb ATi 
AT) C-ATT?<\Tl T*0 


In a compact consecrated host 

To force his eirio from the men of Eire. 

On coming to land, what more dangerous exploit ; 
After killing the sons of Cearmad 
The fury of the men was not fully abated 
Until they had avenged the death of Ith. 

In eiric for him the land remained, 

With them from the Tuatha-De-Danann, 
From thence the race of Ith the fair scion 
Are the chiefs of a cantred of a province. 

Therefore they had the best right 
(Until their power was opposed) 
On account of the fair-acred land of the heroes 
To the great evil of [all] Eire. 

The eiric of Ith on the land of old Ir, 
Let not the son of Eibhilin forgive ; 
From every man it is due to thee 
To obtain thy share of the eiric. 

If it be that you seek not 
This eiric from the sons of Milidh, 
If it be compensation to thee for the person slain, 
Let it not go with the foreigners. 

O descendant of Ith, son of Bile ! m 
As an eiric from this stranger tribe, 
Take you, one and all, 
Their share of the woody lands of Eire. 

Many an eiric besides this, 
Due to thee O heir of Finghin, 

Without denial from the rough hirelings of the English ; 
It is a pity to brook the grievance. 

m Son of Bile, rectS brother of Bile. 



TT?Ofl 3-CUJIA& Aft COjJl CO-CflAb 

bo ojicAbAft j*oi)T) ]te 

A l^Tt) CACA, A 

1? A 3A^b GA|ICA Aft A fOT) 



TTJAJt b^Y C6Al5 T)A 


At) 65 bo b] A ttj-boc 

A b-O|5|ie bA T)-6A]tA 11)6 

bo 5eAT)A o]|tt)e uA]|*le. [leo.] 

fif 5t)A]8e 3 AT) fiu 
et) ^ 

Luce |ro6eA]t3CA Ajgce 

UT1) 1)A 

bub |*A6|l 0|t|tA 

SI AC bo co^lljb C|iu 

Daughter of Domhnall, i.e. of Woman's face to blush, i.e. Sati- 
Domhnall, son of Eoghan Mac-Suibh- rists, who were believed to possess the 
ne of Muskeny. power of bringing out fearbce or 


Much of blood have they shed on the plain, 
Many heroes, who should be lamented, 
They have slain for a long time back 
Throughout the land of the Gaeidhil of the ripe fields. 

Spill thou blood for these bloods, 
O hand of battles, O Conchobhar ! 
Accept no eiric for them 
But equal slaughter in lieu of them. 

Think of the false judgments of the English horde ; 
Understand how there is treachery in their friendship ; 
A passive secret should not be made of it ; 
Think of their enormous slaughters. 

I f we but continue to beseech her, 
The Virgin who was in poverty, 
(If her heir should refuse us) 
She would raise us to dignity. 

A Queenly disposition, without hidden blemish, 
Eibhilin, the daughter of Domhnall" 
Not one is found unthankful to her, 
Of those who would otherwise abuse her. 

From those who cause woman's face to blush 
On account of the money which they seek ; 
The chosen flower of the family trees, 
Eibhilin is ever free. 

A scion of the woods of the blood of Suibhne 

A sprout from the soil of the fertile plain of ModhuirnP 

blotches through the face of any one County of Tyrone, through which the 

who deserved their satire. river Modhurn flows. It is here used 

P Plain of Modhuirn, a plain in the in a very vague sense, but it is pro- 


cofiA|6 SAT) cUer) 
cjtAeb o]tu|8 AT) 


COf5 oA, A fUAC 


bably intended to suggest that the ghain, (not Tir-Conaill, in which they 
Mac Suibhnes are originally of Tir-Eo- had been settled for several centuries) 


A fruitful plant which distorts not justice, 
The rich bearing tree of the north. 

She is sufficiently distinguished from every side 
By her checking of plunder, her hatred of injustice ; 
By her serene countenance, which causes the trees 
To bend with fruit ; by her tranquil mind. 

being descended from the celebrated King of Aileach, who died A.D. 1036. 
Flaithbheartach an trostain O'Neill, 




A bAf 
CJIA& leAtt) 


'^TtjreACC UA1T)t) le b- 

fie t eA l b 

A C-03 

Tt)6 A|l ]*1)V1t) C|l6 feA3 At) ACA|t, 

bo ii?eA]t A rslr i 1 

3Ac ^eAft bo'i) b]f A 

l b-1 : t)3*)A6 ti)6 A ttycc |io IAS, 
Ajt Ae^ A]t i)-be^fe beAfib-cAftA 
Tt)A|ibA8 tt)o bit^t)e 1)6 bo 
boi) C|tu^i)i)e Af AbbAjt iA|t5t)6. 




u^f UAI)CA A loi)3 le 

leo A lo^ A 
cofi)Att) clu bo'i) qvJ 




Cause of starting is the death of two, 
A news this which is pain to my heart, 
Bitter is the death of each of them, 
Two chieftains for whom my grief has grown. 

The son together with the father 
To have departed from us hy misfortune ! 
They have been for some time cause of grief to us, 
The elder and the sage youth. 

Though grievous to me the death of the son, 

Still greater is our grief through the death of the father ; 
Affliction for them has for some time deranged us ; 
Each of the two that I mention. 

No wonder that I am in a feeble state 
On account of our two real friends ; 
The killing of my patron, or of two [of them], 
Is cause of grief to the world. 

They sailed with a fleet across the sea 
The two chiefs of the island of the Gaeidhil ; 
They passed voluntarily over the brine; 
From that time they returned not to us. 

A plain fact was the cause of the expedition, 
By which my companions were lost, 
The cause which moved their brave ships was 
To relieve the land of Europe. 

They succeeded in consequence of their noble deeds, 
In defending the character of Christendom ; 
Noble heroes whose fate distresses me j 
By supreme dignity, by honor. 






CorjAll CeA|ir)AC, Cu AT; cleAj*ftA]&, 
t>1 ^3 AP bjf be^eAji ^t;, 
(lAe^c A]trt)r)OCCA eAt)5 UIA8,) 

56 All CAli1)ACCA 6 Coi)CllbA|t. 




1)6 A|t 

A 1)- 

1)5 A 




q Cona.ll Cearnach. He is the most 
distinguished of the heroes of the Eed 
Branch in Ulster, in the beginning of 
the first Century. He is the ancestor of 
the O'Mordhas (O'Mores) of Laeighis. 

r Cu, i.e. Canis, otherwise Cuchul- 

lainn. He was one of the Bed Branch 
heroes and the next to Conall Gear- 
nach in point of heroism. 

8 Osgar. He was the son of Oisin 
and grandson of Finn Mac Cumhaill. 
His deeds of prowess are celebrated in 


It is a true story that they received not reproach 
On land or on the turbulent wave, 
Until misfortune laid low the two 
Who served with no small success. 

I have not heard, with prophet or seer, 
The equals of this company of two ; 
For fair conflict, for vigorous minds, 
For wisdom, for deeds of valor. 

Conall Cearnach,i Cu r of the feats, 
(The bare-armed warriors of the land of Ulster), 
These two goodly heroes bore not 
The palm of valor from Conchobhar. 

Sampson, the active and hairy, bore not, 
The heroic Osgar 8 did not bear 
(The palm [of victory] from my beloved pair) 
From those who cause my sadness. 

Oliver* of no humble name, 

Fortibras a man [worthy] to be compared with, 
For quickness in success or in disaster, 
Or in the hardiness of hands, they [the O'Driscolls] were 
their equals. 

No old man or illustrious youth 

Throughout the four- quartered world, 

(A true story, which grieves my heart,) 

Has surpassed the dexterous deeds of the heroes. 

several poems attributed to his father. * Oliver, a famous warrior, one 

He was slain in the battle of Gabhra of the officers of Charlemaine. He is 

near Tara, A.D. 284, by the monarch frequently mentioned in the story call- 

Cairbrc Liffeachair, with Vhom he ed Toruidheadht na Croiche Naeimh. 

engaged in single combat. See Annals See O'Reilly's Irish Dictionary, voce 

of the Four Masters, Ed. J. O'D., icijAtiwl, and Book of Lismore fol. 

A.D. 284, p. 121. 99, a. b. 



n)d\t r 

'rjAfl CU]]t CttAIJlC 

bo ctiAfiCA}5 CAjt 

Tt)6 bO CUAJICA15 


8 Arij, 

ll 5ul 



ceAi)i) A bfte^c 
le 'peA]ib]A8, beAjmAC 

UjlfA CACA C|IU Lll5 A] 8, 

t)^ |IACA 6f clu 

i)6 CACO 

3t)U|| CACA 
tlA]]t CACA T)A 


ctu A b- 

cAjt A 
A]t ^ub AT) bori)A|T>, 


le SAfA^b, leAc A]t ICAC, 
le p]tA]t)5c t)A b-^rob b- 

A]tlT)-T)OCCA CjieOjt) A 

A - 

A - 

Conatt Gulban. He was son of the 
monarch Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
and ancestor of the O'Domlmaills 
and their correlatives in Tir-Conaill. 

He was slain A.D. 464. 

v Feardiadh, son of Damhan. He 
was a celebrated champion of the 
Gamhanraidhe, a sept of the Firbolgs 


Though in many a land, not known to me, 
Conall Gulban n made visitation, 
He who travelled beyond the far limits of Uladh ; 
Yet Concliobhar traversed more. 

Even Hector himself did not, 
Or Achilles in any degree, 
Surpass the prowess of Conchobhar's hand, 
[And therefore] this is no tiine of change for my grief. 

Notwithstanding what was won of valiant renown 
By Feardiadh, v the brave son of Damhan, 
Yet he exceeds not Conchobhar in fame 
The battle-pillar of Lughaidh's race. 

Not more astute was the memorable prophet Finn* 
Nor Cato as an adviser, 

[Than he of] the changeless face in the hard battle of heroes 
In the hour of combat, than Conchobhar. 

They sent also upon all hands 
The fame of their prowess throughout the world 
For the deeds of illustrious heroes 
Of the far-travelled wager-gaining deeds. 

The English on all sides have heard, 
The French of fertile lands have heard, 
[Of] the bare-armed heroes brave in the fight, 
[Of] the news of their valor in the combat. 

All degrees of nobility in (he land of Spain, 
And the sublime Emperor of Almania x 

seated in IrrusDomhnann in Connacht. t. O'Flaherty's Ogygia, p. 280. 

He was slain by Cuclmllainn at Ath- ^Finn, i.e. Finn Mac Cumhaill, the 

Firdiadh, now Ardee in the county of Fingall of Mac Pherson's Ossian. 

Louth. See Annals of the Four Mas- * Emperor of Almania, i.e. the Em- 

ters, A.D. 941, note *, and 1452, note pcror of Germany. 



e^c 5AC Ue|, bo U^ 

'A CA6] AT)-2llbAlt) 'f A T)- 

50 IA 'r)A co8lA6, 

3AT) ATbAjlUf, 5A1) 


b-f 6A|l bAT)A 

t)A 3- 

21 3- 

loft bo feAt)rb6||t f Ae 

\y\\t beAt) 

Ajt c]teA3bA8 c]to^8e A 

bo j;Ab tr^Aeic A n)6|t TT 

t)AC CA6]T)CeAC 

rf Eire, i.e. Scotland -and z Young Cornell. He was the son 
Ireland. of Captain Conchobhar, son of Sir 


Praise the achievements of O'h-Eidirsceoil's heir ; 
The true chieftain of our tribe, our feast-master. 

The death of the Griffin, who was no tame griffin, 
Well do the heroes of Flanders lament, 
And his heing each day, a thing which lessened us, 
Lamented in. Alba and Eire.? 

The land of the Turk exults 

That they have quiet on Corneil's death ; 
He lies till morning asleep 
Without suspicion, without awaking. 

The death of young Corneil z and his father, 
It is the anger of God which permitted it, 
Hard to Eire is the IOFS 
[And] perpetual disaster the fall. 

The fall of the chieftain of the plain of Lughaidh 
Is cause of distress to many men ; 
Long shall be a cause of grief unto me 
The death of the heroes in whom we put our faith. 

What I hear by report about them 
Is sufficient as a worldly sermon, 
No terror previously had touched us; 
What I hear [now] is a piercing of the heart. 

There is not among the vigorous horsemen 
( Their high spirit has been saddened ) 
A man who is not lamenting in grief for them, 
Nor a woman joyous in West Munster- 

Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil and an Ensign diterranean in an engagement between 
(signifer) in the Spanish Navy. He the Spanish and Turkish fleets on the 
was killed near the mouth of the Me- sixth of the nones of July, 1619. 


<t)o 6ojtCA|b bjifcc r>el t)]rbe, 

1)] A]CCeAJl CflATJT) lubiCA Of ljl)T), 

on? ciiplA cAll bo cujcjti?. 

A ttJ-bjlOT) ^6 C6A|* t;A 3~CU|tA6, 

<Do i^| Ai) CAlAtb 'f A 

bO T)] AT) 6AT)lA^C 

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a Senseless creatures, i.e. the winds, raals It looks strange that the poet 
the waters, and all the irrational ani- makes no allusion here to the wave of 


The brightness of the clouds of heaven has darkened, 
The fiery lightning spreads, 

No tree is seen bending [with fruit] over the stream 
Because my two [heroes] have fallen abroad. 

The shores, the waves are, 
The moon and the stars are, 
In sorrow for the death of the heroes, 
And the sound of cataracts is becoming louder. 

The earth and the fire exhibit, 
The angelic birds exhibit, 
With violence, with heat of grief, 
Debility for the man of my first affection. 

By them are caused the mute creatures 
To bewail loudly and clamorously, 
No keener wail is heard 
Than the moaning of the senseless creatures.* 

I shall not particularize a land or a people* 
[For] there is not a corner of Christendom 
In consequence of the death of the heroes 
That is not filled with the fate of the Conchobhars. 

Grief has kindled from land to land 
After the heroes whom I lament 
In the noblest of all Europe. 
It is a cause of debility to warriors. 

Many a hero of their attendants, 
Many a lady-assembly is troubled, 
Many a school is anguished with grief 
On account of the fall of Conchobhar. 

Tonn Clidhua, in the harbour of Cuan other poems as being loud at the death 
Dor (Glandore) which is referred to in of Irish Kings. 


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offspring of Mac Carthy's cujri is most generally applied to 

daughter, i.e. Captain Conchobhar or the earth of a graveyard. He laments 

Cornelius O'Driscoll, the son of Sir that they were not buried in the Ab- 

Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil^ by Eibhilin, bey of Inis Arcain. 

daughter of Sir Owen Mac Carthy. <*Jnis h-Arcain, now Inishircan, or 


Many even of the old English themselves 
Have sunk in grief, which is no feigned grief, 
The fair Gaeidhil do for him 
Weep, nor of them need it be boasted. 

I need not much boast of 

The intensity of my grief for this reason, 
They all got cause of anguish with me, 
All Eire is like me grieved for them. 

Although I got cause of sorrow 

Before them, and cause of sadness ; 

Harder than every other affliction 

Is the death of the offspring of Mac Carrthaigh's b daughter. 

It is due to my ollamhship from my professional brethren, 
It is due to our hereditary attachment to them, 
And it is due to the two whom above all I loved, 
That we never separate from sadness. 

It is due of the poets and family orders 
To weep intensely for the heir of Eibhilin 
[For] the warlike griffin, the lovely branching scion, 
The noble gifted son of Finghin. 

Far away from the heroes are their friends of trust 
Far [are they] from the mould 6 of Inis-h-Arcain d 
Cause of heavy sadness that they are so, 
Young Conchobhar and his father. 

Sherkey island, adjoining to Cape ceoils in 1460, stand in ruins upon 

Clear, and between it and the main this island. See Annals of the Four 

land. The Castle of Dun-na-long, Masters, A.D. 1460, and Smith's Na- 

[i.e. fort of the ships,] and a Fran- tural and Civil History of Cork, book 

ciscan abbey, built by the O'h-Eidirs- 2, c. IV. 


3l AT) A^ 8 f ]T)t) 6 AJl fOAt) A8bA]t 


Many a new affliction on me, 

O Lamb of God ! and cause of anxiety ; 
Save us from our being damned, 
Cleanse us from our old sins. 



Excerpta, Notices of Corca Laidhe and of the family of Cfh-Eidirs- 
ceoil, anglice (JDriscoll, from the Annals of the Four Masters 
and the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, and various 
modern authorities. 

A.D. 352. St. Ciaran, Bishop of Saighir and patron saint of the people of 
Osraidhe (Ossory) was born in the Island called Cape (Cleire) Clear, a promon- 
tory of Corca Laidhe, in the Co. of Cork Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 402. Ciaran and Deaglan, two Bishops, came from Rome to preach 
the Gospel in Ireland. Ciaran after having preached the Gospel in Inis-Cleire 
and all over Corca-Laidhe founded a Bishop's see at Saighir, in Ossory, and 
Deaglan also another Bishop's see at Ardmor in the Desies Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 600. Died Fachtna first Bishop of Koss-Ailithre in Corca-Laidhe- 
which goes by the additional name of O'Laeghaire of Ross i.e. Corca Laidhe-I- 
Laeghaire Ruis Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 746. Flann Fortre, chief of Corca-Laidhe, died. Annals of the 
Four Masters. 

A.D. 770. Cuchoingealta, lord of Corca-Laidhe, died. Annals of the Four 

A.D. 800. Maelbracha, son of Breslean, lord of Corca-Laidhe, died. Annals 
of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 844. Clothnia lord of Corca Laidhe died Annals of the Four Mas- 

A.D. 860. Bruadar, son of Dunlaing lord of Corca-Laidhe, died. Annals 
of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 901. Mudan, son of Donnghal lord of Corca-Laidhe, died Annals of 

the Four Masters. 

A.D. 942. Finn, son of Matan, lord of Corca-Laidhe, was slain by the 
Feara-Maighe-Feine Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1057. Mughron Ua-Mutain, successor of Bairre noble bishop and lector, 
was killed by the robbers of Corca-Laidhe after his return from vespers 
Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1058. Mac~na-h-Erlamhe Ua Dunchadha [O'Donohoe] was slain by the 
Corca-Laidhe. Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1063. Cathal O'Dunchadha, King of Ui-n-Eathach, and of the south 
of Ireland, died Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1072. Brodchu, son of Mathghamhain, son of Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, 
son of Bran, marched with an army into the Desies from which he carried off 
much booty and spoil, to recover which he was pursued by the people of Magh 


Feine, and an engagement ensued in which Mudan O'h-Eidirsceoil [O'Driscoll] 
prince of Corca Laidhe was slain with many others on both sides. Ann. Innisf, 

A.D. 1096. Mathghamhain O'Seaghsa, King of Corca-Laidhe died a penitent. 
Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1104. The son of O'h-Eidirsceoil with twenty-five others went out to 
sea and never were heard of more Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1154. Amhlaeibh O'h-Eidirsceoil, prince of Cothluighe was slain at the 
gate of the church of Birr. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1169. Maccon O'h-Eidirsceoil was slain in Mac-Carthaigh's army fight- 
ing against Strongbow and his 200 knights and 2000 bowmen at Waterford. Ann. 

A.D. 1179. Muircheartach, son of Diarmaid Mor Mac Carthaigh was treach- 
erously slain by O'h-Eidirsceoil at Ros-ailithre. 

A.D, 1196. The son of O'h-Eidirsceoil, and Gilla-na-bhflann O'Suileabhain, 
died. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1212. Aedh Garbh O'h-Eidirsceoil [O'Driscoll] was slain by the 
O'Ceadagain's Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1215. The English gained great power in Munster. Sleiblme built a 
castle at Dun-na-ngall in Cothluighe, and another at Dun-na-sead. Barrett 
built a castle at Traghltfiaile and another at Cuan-Dor. Nicholas Boy de Barry 
built the castles of Tigh-Malaga or Timoleage and Dun-Deide Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1233. Domhnall Got Mac Carthaigh came to dethrone O'Mathghamhain 
and O'Cobhthaigh. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1235. The English defeated the Irish at Tragh-Li, and Diarmaid, son of 
Cormac Finn son of Domhnall Mor na Curradh Mac Carthaigh, Gaiscinach 
O'h-Eidirsceoil [O'Driscoll] together with his brother Muircheartach and many 
others were slain. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1258. Eoghan mac Muircheartaigh was slain at Dun-na-sead by the 
English. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1260. The castles of Dun mic Tomain, Dun Insi an duine, Dun-na- 
nGall, Cuan-Dor, Dun-Deide, Dun Urlaing and Dun Gaill were broken down 
by Finghin Reanna Roin son of Domhnall Got Mac Carthaigh. Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1305. The Castle of Dun-na-sead burned and demolished by Domhnall 

God Mac Carthaigh, after he had taken it from the English of Desmond. 

Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1302. Finghin O'h-Eidirsceoil and many others of the people of Mac 
Carthaigh Riabhach were slain Ann. Innisf. 

A.D. 1409. O'h-Eidirsceoil Og, died. Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1418. The Bishop O'h-Eidirsceoil, and Maccon O'h-Eidirsceoil, his 
brother, lord of Corca-Laidhe, died Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1419. O'h-Eidirsceoil Mor died Annals of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1442. O'h-Eidirsceoil Mor (Maccon), lord of Corca-Laidhe, died An- 

nals of the Four Masters. 



A.D. 14GO. A monastery was founded for Franciscan friars in Inis-Arcain in 

Munster, in the diocese of Ross. Inis-Arcain is in O'h-EidirsceoiTs Country. 

Annah of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1472. O'h-Eidirsceoil Mor (Finghin, son of Maccon, son of Maccon son 
of Finghin, son of Donnchadh God) died in his own house after having performed 
the pilgrimage of St. James; and his son, Tadhg, died penitently one month after 
the death of his father, after having returned from the same pilgrimage. Annals 
of the Four Masters. 

A.D. 1508. O'h-Eidirsceoil, (Conchobhar, son of Finghin son of Maccon) 
died. He was a brave and protecting man, the friend of the religious orders, 
and the learned, and his son Finghin was installed in his place, after being 

liberated, for he had been imprisoned in Cork for more than a year. Annals of 

the Four Masters. 

Among the " Veteres Iberni qui pro fide Catholica pugnauerunt," P. O'Sul- 
levan Beare mentions " O'Driscol Cothliae princeps" and " Cornelius O'Driscolis 
Magni filius." Hist. Cathol. Iber. torn III. lib. I. c. 1. 

A.D. 1585. O'h-Eidirsceoil Mor (Finghin, son of Conchobhar, son of Finghin 
son of Maccon,) went to Dublin to attend a Parliament there assembled that 

This Sir Finghin, Finin, or Florence O'Driscoll, " tooke his landes by Letters 
Pattents from Queen Elizabeth, and thereby extinguished the Irish rite. The 
former custome was that the eldest of the familie succeeded, unto whome Mac 
Cartie Reagh did give a rod, and then he was reputed and obeyed as lord of the 
Couutrieof Collimore'' MS. Brit, Mus. Harl. 1425, p. 25. 

The island of Cape Cleare also belonged to them ; the castle of which place, 
together with all their other castles, were by Sir Fineene O'Driscoll, delivered 
up to the Spaniards anno 1601 ; but were taken by the English two years 
\recte in a few weeks] after Smith's Cork book, I. ch. 1. 

P. O'Sullevan Beare gives the following account of the conduct of the O'Dris- 
colis at this period, in his History of the Irish Catholics : 

" Zubiaur cum navibus septem, quibus munitiones, et commeatum vehebat, 
rursus Aquilam secutus juxta Portucastellum (Cuan an CaishleanJ non pro- 
cul a scopulis errans periclitabatur. Tune temporis ilium locum possidebant, 
Dionysius, Dermysius, Cornelius, Thadseus, et Darius O'Driscoles fratres, qui 
Zubiauri aditum ostenderunt; et Castellum tradiderunt : et cum Dermysius 
vir prudens, et Latinje linguae non inscius regni statum docuit. Brevi classis 
reginae optime instructa et militum numero superior portum ingressa Zubiaris 
naves non ad pugnam satis instructas, sed vectorias, navigatione vexatas, et lit- 
tori applicatas, atque castellum machinamentis nudum tormentorum ictibus 
irnpune verberat, et ipsi Angli in terram descensuri videbantur. Caeterum Zu- 
biaur a Dermysio de rebus egregie edoctus, et impendens sibi periculum prsevi- 
dqns aliter ac Aquila fecit ; litteris missis O'Sullevaui Bearrae principis auxilium 
nomine Catholici Regis imploraverat. O'Sullevanus, et pater meus Dermysius, 


qui tune in Beantria erant, leucas quinque Portucastello, intra horas viginti 
quatuor post receptas Zubiauris litteras, cum peditibus quingentis, et paucis 
equitibus electse juventutis illi prsesto fuerunt eodem temporis raomento, quo 
Angli in lintres exsiliebant, ut Hispanorum paucitatem terrestri proelio oppri- 
merent. Adfuit etiam Odriscol Magnus cum Cornelio filio et aliis, Odonno- 
bhanus et equites Maccarrhae. Quorum adventu Anglus, territus se navibus 
continet, et Zubiaur Isetus, et confirmatus tormentis ex navibus expositis Angli- 
cam classem biduum acerrime oppugnat. Hie igniti globi vehementissimo 
sulphuris impetu jacti Anglorum naves a prora ad puppim usque transfodiunt, 
homines et tabulas in mare propellentes Pretoria navis multis tormentis quas- 
sata prsecipue conflictatur. In ea primo Zubiauris jactu homines sexaginta, qui 
mensis discumbebant, extinguuntur. Sequentibus etiam ictibus milites, et nau- 
tae passim cadunt. Ob id in earn ex reliquis navibus milites subsidio confluunt. 
Ea denique pene oppressa, et reliquas turbatse scissis funibus, anchoris relictis 
fugam capiunt secundo vento leviter inflante, quippe qua3 adverse coacta3 tandiu 
morabantur. Eo proelio succubuerunt Angli quingenti septuaginta quinque. 
Ex Catholicis unus interficitur Hispanus Zubiauris consanguineus, duo vulner- 
antur alter Hispanus, alter Ibcrnus. Hinc Dermysius Osullevanus pater meus 
Vascum Sahavedram Hispanum ducem cum ejus cohorte ducens 5 eisque commea- 
tum, et jumenta suppeditans, Dumbeam etiam Bearraa principatus principern 
arcem et portum Osullevani jussu tradit, et menses circiter duos victum dat 
eodem que machinamenta, globos aeneos nitratum sulphur, plumbum, bombard- 
icum funem, ca3terasque munitiones missis Portucastellum phasellis vehi facit, 
ut in ilium portum, qui tutus et celeber est, Hispanis navibus aclitus pateret, et 
eo hostiles prohiberentur. Odriscol quoque presidium Hispanum in portum 
suum, et castellum ad rem gerendam opportunum intulit. Tom 111. lib. VI . c. g. 

The following is the English account of this affair published in the Pacata 
Hibernia, book 11. c. 18. 

"Untill this time [of the arrival of O 'Donnell to join the Spaniards] none of 
the Provincialls of Mounster, that had been either protected, or pardoned, re- 
lapsed ; but now upon the comming of these seconds to Castlehauen, Sir Finnin 
O'drischall, and all the O'drischalls, Sir Owen Mac Cartie's sonnes, and almost 
all the Carties in Carbrie, Donnell O'sulevan Beare, O'sulevan Mores eldest son, 
Donnell Mac Cartie, the Earle of Clancares base sonnc, with all the Carties of 
Desmond, John O'Connor Kerry, the Knight of Kerry, all the protected and 
pardoned men in Kerry and Desmond, and all else from Kinsale and Limericke 
westwards, joyned with O'donnell and the Spainards ; whereat little wonder is to 
be made, considering what power Religion and Gold hath in the hearts of men ; 
both which the Spaniards brought with them into Ireland. The supplies of Span- 
iards were but seuen hundred, but more were promised to follow; which mooved 
the wavering Irish to conceive that now the time was come for their deliverance 
from the English Government ; whereupon they cast themselves into the Span- 
yards' armes, and for testimonie of their truths Donogh O'drischall delivered unto 
them his castle at Castlehaven, which commanded the harbour. Sir Finnin 


O'drischall (who never in the course of his whole life had been tainted with the 
least spot of disloyaltie) rendred unto them his castle of Donneshed at Balti- 
more, and his castle at Donnelong, in the Hand of Inisherkan, betweene which 
castles all entrance into that haven was debarred ; and Donnell O'Sullevan 
surrendered unto them his strong castle of Duuboy, which absolutely commaunds 
Beare Haven ; these three harbours, beeing without all exception the best in the 
west of Mounster : For the guard of those places Don John assigned, that one 
hundred of the late supplies should remaine at Castle-haven, with a Magazine 
of victualls and Munition, and eight peeces of Ordnance ; unto Donneshed and 
Donnelong hee sent one hundred foot, fiftie for each of the castles, and two peeces 
of Artillerie ; and unto Dunboy hec also sent one hundred foot and ten great 
peeces : And to confirme these revolters by liberality unto his Master the King 
of Spain hee bestowed upon Donnell O'Sulevan two hundred foote in the King's 
pay, unto Donoghe Moyle Mac Cartie, sonne to Sir Owen Mac Cartie Reaghe 
one hundred, upon Finin Mac Cartie, his brother one hundred and twentie, and 
upon Phelim Mac Cartie one hundred, arid to O'donevan one hundred; in all 
sixe hundred and twentie in the Kings entertainment ; and upon others he be- 
stowed certaine summes of money." &c. &c. 

Again the narrative is continued in c. 19. 

" This night late Sir Richard Levison returned into the harbour of Kinsale, 
and the next day came to the Lord Deputy, unto whom hee imparted that the 
six ih day, with the Warrespit, the Defiance, the Swiftsure, the Marlin, one 
Merchant and acarvill, he arrived at Castle -haven about ten of the clock in the 
fornoone, before four o'clock the same day, one ship of the Enemy was suncke. 
the Spanish Adrnirall with nine foote water in hold drove to the shore upon the 
rocks, the Viceadmirall with two others drove likewise aground, most of the 
Spaniards quitting their ships ; the seventh of December the wind being ex- 
treamely at south-east, hee rode still at Castle-haven, the night following, with 
wind at west-south-west, hee warped out with the ships, the eigth at night he 
returned as aforesaid. 

" Since wee are informed by the Lord Coursie that they are all sunck but one 
ship, and great harme done both to their provisions and men. 

' The Spaniards after their comeing to Castle-haven, understanding the 
Queene's fleet was at Kinsale, expecting their comniing thither, to make them- 
selves as strong as they could, landed five peeces of Ordnance which they planted 
close by the water side for the securing the harbour ; but Sir Richard Levison 
did so ply the shipping, that he suncke and drove ashore as is related, and hav- 
ing effected as much as might be done by sea, was willing to have left the har- 
bour and returne to Kinsale ; but the wind being contrary, hee was not able to 
get forth, but was forced to ride foure and twentie houres within the play of those 
five peeces of Ordnance, and received in that time above three hundred shot, 
through hulke mast and tackle, being by no industry able to avoid it, untill some 
calmer weather came where by the helpe of some warpes layed forth by their boats, 
not without great danger and some loss (575 !) he came to set sail and returned 


to Kinsale. All the shot were made particularly at his ship, except some few 
at a Pinnace of the Queenes, wherein Captaine Flemming was commander." 

Shortly afterwards the Irish Catholics were defeated at Kinsale. 

The next notice of an O'Driscoll is found in O'Sullevan Beare's History of the 
Irish Catholics, torn 111, lib. VII. cap. 1. 

4 Post foedus Aquilas Osullevanus in Hispaniam mittit Dermysium Odriscolem 
probatae fidei et prudentias virum [filius erat Cornelii, filii Florentii, O'Driscolis 
Magni patruelis] celerem opem rogatum, et Danielem filium suum natu maxi- 
mum paternse fidei pignus et obsidem. Quibus cum una ego quoque puer, et 
alii juvenes nobiles venientes a Carazena3 comite Galletia? prasfecto viro vetusta 
nobilitate claro, et in Ibernicam gentem maximfe pio honorificentissime sumus 
excepti. Ubi ego Patricio Sinoto (Patric og Sinot) popular! meo, grammatico 
et rhetorico polito, et limato Latina3 lingua?, Rotherico Vendanna Hispano ingenii 
acutissimi philosophic, sed aliis aliarum doctrinarum praeceptoribus sum 
usus. Interim Osullevanus omni ratione, et studio conandum putavit, 
ut usque ad Hispani auxilii adventum se, et eos, quos Hispanorum partes 
sequendas moverat ab hostis impetu defenderet. Ei auxilium ferunt Daniel 
Maccarrha, Clancarrha3 principis filius, Daniel, Osullevani Magni filius, 
Cornelius et Dermysius, Odriscolis Magni filii, Dermysius, Osullevanus pater 
meus, Dermysius, duo Dionysii, et Florentius Maccarrhas Fusci, equites Mac- 
suinnii, Dionysius Odriscol cum suis fratribus. Ad eum confugiunt Ocon- 
chur Kierrius, Macmoris Lacsnaas Baro, eques auratus Kierrius, eques Auratus 
Vallis. Johannes Giraldinus comitis frater. Jaimus Buttlerus baronis Cathara? 
frater superiore bello suis possessionibus ejecti. Osullevanus Gulielmo Burko, 
Richardo Tirello, et aliis conductis obasratorum delectu conscripto, et sociorum 
auxiliis millia militum circiter duo juventutis elects comparat. Quibus ea hyeme 
Torrentirupem (Carraig an-eas-aig) arcem, quam solam in Beantria tenebat 
Engenius Osullevanus semper reginae partes secutus, partim aggere, turribus, 
vineis, musculis, pluteis oppugnatam, partim aeneis tormentis quassatam in suam 
potestatem redegit. Odonnobhanum ad Anglos reversum, et alios Anglorum 
auxiliares depraedatur. Regias copias, qua3 in Momoniis erant, tcrrore perculsas 
in oppida munita, et arces compellit." torn 111, lib. VI 1, c. i. 

"Eisdem diebus, quibus arx Dumbea oppugnatur, Eugenius Osullevanus 
et Johannes Bostokus Anglus in Beam insulam [Dursey Island] navibus vehun- 
tur, in qua erat monasterium a Bonaventura Episcopo Hispano extructum, sed 
a piratis dirutum, templum sancto Michaeli-Archangelo dicatum, etCastelluma 
patre meo Dermysio conditum, quod pauci milites Cornelii Odriscolis praesidio 
tenebant." torn 111, lib. VI 1, c. 3. 

" Per eosdem dies, quibus Osullevanus has clades [Dunbei arcis et Beas insular 
castelli excidium] recipit, Dermysius Odriscol ex Hispania reversus Osullevano 
tradit a Catholico Rcge viginti millia nummorum aureorum in militum stipen- 
diurn, litteras, quibus auxilium promittitur, et aliquas muuitiones. Post vero 


ainissam arcem Osullevanus Cornelium Odriscolem, Odriscolis Magni filium, 
in Hispaniam mittit celeriorem opem efflagitatum." torn 111, lib. VI 1, c. 4. 

Of the money sent on this occasion Sir Finnin O'Driscoll and his son 
Connor or Cornelius received 500." Pacata Rib. b. 11, c. 7- 

" Cum Cerda Maculliamus in Hispaniam se confert ; ubi brevi moritur. 
Eodem quoque tempore Cornelius Odriscol, quern in Hispaniam ab Osullevano 
missum fuisse docuimus, acceptis a rege Catholico duobus millibus aureorum in 
Momonias applicat. Ubi cum Osullevanus non esset in Hispaniam revertitur, 
uxorem suam et alias fffiminas devehens." Tom 111, lib. VI 11. c. 3. 

It appears from a letter of the Lord Deputy and Council written on the 20th 
of March 160 to the Lords in England that Sir Finnin O'Driscoll, the O'Don- 
ovan, and the two sons of Sir Owen Mac Carthy had joined the English. 

" As for Sir Finnin O'drischall, O'donnevan and the two sonnes of Sir Owen 
Mac Cartie, they and their followers, since their coming in, are growne very 
odious to the Rebels of those parts, and are so well divided in factions among 
themselves, as they are fallen to preying and killing one another, which we con- 
ceive will much availe to the quieting of these parts." Pacata Rib. b. 2, c. xxx. 

Again it appears from the following passage in the Instructions given to the 
Earl of Thomond on the 9th of March, 1601-2, that O'Driscoll was received 
into favor by the English Government. 

" The service you are to perform is, to doe all your endeavours to burne the 
rebels' come in Carbery, Beare, and Bantry, take their cowes, and to use all 
hostile prosecution upon the persons of the people, as in such cases of rebellion 
is accustomed. 

" Those that are in subjection, or lately protected (as Odrischall, Odonevan, 
and Sir Owen Mac Cartie's sonnes,) to afford them all kind and mild usage." 
Pacata Hibernia, book 3, ch. II. 

Dr. Smith writes, on what authority the Editor knows not, that "in order 
to ingratiate himself with Queen Elizabeth, a fleet of English ships of war were 
supplied, for a considerable time with fresh provisions, by this Sir Fineene 
O'Driscoll, who also nobly entertained all the Captains, and other officers in 
his castles." That, " the Queen being informed of it, pardoned his joining the 
Spaniards, and sent for him to court." But, that " before he arrived the Queen 
died." That "during his absence, great part of his possessions were intruded 
into by Sir Walter Coppinger, which caused this ancient family to fall to decay." 
Book 1, ch. 1. 

The truth is, however, that Sir Finghin let Baltimore and the whole of Col- 
lymore territory to a certain Thomas Crooke for 21 years, for a fine of 2000, 
Sterling, and that he thus, probably, laid the foundation of a forfeiture. See 
Smith's Cork, Book 2, ch. IV. His son Cornelius, by Ellen, daughter of Sir Owen 
Mac Carthy Reagh, was a captain in the archduke's country. His grandson, 
another Cornelius, an Ensign in the Spanish navy, was killed in an engagement 


of the Spanish fleet with the Turks in the Mediterranean, of which P. O'Sullevan 
Beare gives the following account in his letter to Diarmaid O'Sullevan Beare, 
written in April, 1619, and published in the first Edition of his History of the 
Irish Catholics, but by some oversight omitted in the second Edition. 

" Illustrissimo Domino Dermysio O'Sullevano Dumbece Comiti, Philippus 
O'Sullevanus, S.P.D." 

" In Catholici Regis classem cum venissem, nihil antiquius habui, quam ut 
diligentissime inquirerem, quemadmodum consanguinei tui, (clarissime Der- 
mysi) mortem oppetiverint, teque facerem certiorem. Quod ut exactius intelli- 
gatur de rebus gestis regise classis aestate superiore pauca breviter perstringenda 
sunt. Anno post Virgineum partum millesimo sexcentesimo decimo octavo 
quinto Nonas Maii (qui dies invents salutiferae crucis nomine in fastos relatus 
est) regise naves novem Ulyssipone solvunt, Praetore Vidasavale Cantabro, Pro- 
prsetore Johanne Ludovico Camarena, militum prrefecto Ferdinando Luna. Dies 
aliquot adversis ventis usae Mediterraneum mare ingrediuntur. Ubi pridie Ka- 
lend. Junii, qui dies Petronillas Virginis morte celebratur, duae Poenorum naves 
bellicae Propraetorias nostras, qua Camarena cum una Hispanorum cohorte, et 
Cornelius nostras Odriscol vir intrepidus cum altera Ibernorum electaB juven- 
tutis ferebatur, fiunt obviae. Cum anibabus Propraetoria ab hora sexta pome- 
ridiana usque in sequentem lucem per lucidam, atque serenam noctem tormen- 
torum flammivomorum, atque bombardarum jactibus acriter dimicat, et nri- 
norem capit : hostibus sexaginta quinque in deditioneni acceptis, et tribus proe- 
lio peremptis. Altera tormentariis ictibus labefactata, et confossa pelago obruitur. 
Ex nostris quatuor Hispani periere. Postero die duabus navibus simul cum Afris 
propugnatoribus ad Hispanam oram, et alia ad Africum littus a defensoribus 
deserta nostri potiuntur. Brevi naves tres ex Cantabria nostris subsidio venerunt. 
Ita naves HispansD erant numeroduodecim, quibus milites circiter octingenti, sub 
ducibus septem, et nautas quadringenti plus, minus vehebantur. Octavo Kalendas 
Julii (quo in honorem nati divi Johannis Baptistaa festum agitur) a nostris ex- 
cubitoribus naves viginti quatuor secundo vento venientes, Mediterranei pelagi 
fauces intrare conspiciuntur. His praster nautas, et classiarios vehebantur duo 
millia, et quadringenti milites qui a Venetis erant acciti ex Anglia et Batavia 
contra Eerdinandum Archiducem. Eis ut aditum intercluderent, nostri erant 
jussi a Thoma Ibio Calderone regiao classis summo quasstore, qui tune Gadibus 
erat. Neqne procul in stationibus aberant Batavi senatus naves octodecim duce 
Muillo Lombardo, quas suis, si pugnas periclitarentur, opem laturae a nostris 
credebantur. Nihilominus Hispani proelium audacter ineunt. Ab hora secunda 
pomeridiana in noctem usque utrinque strenue et magnanime pugnatur, donee 
a Duce Mitinas Sidoniae misso phasello venientes aditu non prohibere nostri 
fuerint jussi. Eo die ex nostris sexaginta quinque, et inter eos Augustinum 
Ogedam et Martium Sclavum Italum cohortium duces, ex hostibus centum 
octodecim jacuisse traditur. 

"Pnusquam Vidasaval Ulyssipone discessit, Tabaccus Arraes classem na- 


vium viginti octo Saldis, vel Argelia ducens Ombrium, vel Lanzerotam unam 
ex Fortunatis insulis invadens, totam depraedatur, et devastat; domamque 
repetens Hispanis captivis, et opibus onusta classe cum ad Mediteqjanei maris 
augustias appropinquasset, naves octo duce Propratoria prasmittit. Eis prseerat 
Arraes Tagarinus Mauriscus magna audaeia, et rei bellicas nauticasque scientia. 
Quibus sexto Nonas Juiii, qui dies in memoriam Visitationis Virginis Matris 
festus colitur, Hispanae duodecim, et Batavae quatuordecim occurrunt. Eis- 
pana prastoria unam facile subigit. Propra3toria Hispana Turcicam Propraeto- 
riam, quaa septem comitibus praeerat, aggreditur. Erat Turcica magna tor- 
mentis multis, et centum octoginta propugnatoribus instructa. Vehemens 
utrinque pugna committitur tormentariis macliinamentis, atque bombardis. 
Cum ambae cohaesissent nostri in hostilem insilire non ambigunt. Antonius 
Camarena Propraetoris fratris sui signifer animosus juvenis stricto gladio, 
scutoque lasvae imposito dum ad saltum se componit, plumbea pilura confossus 
sternitur. Illi successit Daniel Osullevanus, frater meus, qui ducebat Iberno- 
rum manipulum, adolescens specie pulcher, miris viribus praeditus, pugilandi 
scientia3 peritus : quas corporis virtutes ingentis animi magnitudine superabat, 
insuper Latini sermonis non ignarus, neque Philosophic et Dialecticaa rudis. 
Superioribus dimicationibus magnam virtutem prasstiterat, cum commilitones 
cohortando, turn per se fortissime procliando. Sed (proh dolor !) casus infestus 
tulit, ut immatura morte praeventus pauciora suas fortitudinis, et magnanimi- 
tatis exempla reliquerit. Namque jam jam salturus bombardica glande pectus 
trajectus supra Antonium Camarenam cadit, proferens tantum ilia salutifera 
verba Jesus, Maria. Paucis ante diebus Ulyssipone profecturus a peccatis ex- 
piatus sacrosanctum corpus Christi Domini sumpserat. Philippus Osullevanus 
patruelis meus, qui rara corporis agilitate, saltandique dexteritate praestabat, 
in Poenorum navim prosiluit, ita corpore librato, ut se pedibus exceperit. Ubi 
stricto Ferro cum pluribus coepit intrepide contendere, et magna caesa vulnera- 
tus, nihilominus pugnam non remisit. Confluentibus in subsidium Christianis 
Mauri virtute cedunt, et simul Turcica navis ignem, vel casu, vel alicujus 
opera concipit* Qua flagrante Christian! et Poeni confusi et mixti partim pro- 
perant in Hispanam navim se conferre, partini ingenti pavore perculsi flammo3 
vim fugientes, in salum se praecipites dant. Philippus cum paucis, quos co- 
hortando confirmavit, ad extinguendum iguem sese convertit. Qua spe cum 
decidisset corporis parte combustus antennam in mare projicit, cui innixus cum 
commilitonibus quindecim ad suam navim conatur adnare, sed frustra, nam 
undae vi rapitur. Neque ei nostri potuerunt subvenire, quia ex Turcica navi 
in nostrani incendium fuit subito diffusum. Quo repentino malo territi alii ad 
poenitentiarii pedes se poplitibus excipiunt, peccatorum expiationem petentes : 
alii elata voce crimina sua prouunciant : aliqui se in pelagus projiciunt. Cor- 
nelius Odriscol dux, vir semper animo magno incendium reprimere nititur, 
alios cxemplo, et cohortatione movens. Quo munere occupatus, cum ei nun- 
ciarctur, Cornelium filium signiferum periisse, 'is,' inquit, est mihi nunc 


filius, qui ad extinguendam flammam, etregiam navirn liberandam opem tulerit.' 
Ita potissimum fortissimi viri opera ignis extinguitur nostrae navis prora ad aquam 
usque penfe combusta, et Christiani liberantur praster eos, qui proeliantes ceci- 
derunt, et paucos, qui se in mare projecerunt, Poenique centum septemdecim 
qui in earn sua combusta se receperunt un4 cum duce suo Tagarino et captivis 
Christianis septem, inter quos erat gravida foemina. Caeteri Christiani captivi 
ad numerum nonaginta, cum nostram navim nando nancisci non potuissent, 
cum Afris aliquot obruuntur. Ex Ibernis nobilibus praeter Danielem, Philip- 
pum et Cornell um signiferum magnaa indolis juvenem consanguinitate etiam 
mihi conjunctum. succubuerunt hoc proelio Daniel Maccarrha, Cornelius 
Orrellus, Gulielmus Giraldinus, et Johannes Plunketus. Interim aliae quinque 
Turcicae naves non tanto discrimine capiuntur. Octava fugit, quam secutae duse 
Hispanaa, sed non assecutae aliam Mauram obviam factam expugnant. Postero 
die sequuntur alise tredecim naves ex Tabacci classe, quarum quinque Christi- 
ani in suam potestatem redegerunt. Eo toto biduo naves tredecim Afris adi- 
muntur, ex quibus Batavi sex, Hispaui reliquas ceperunt. Poeni quingenti in 
servitutem redacti, plures ferro, et aqua deleti : captivi circiter trecenti in 
libertatem asserti : Christiani centum, plus minus, desiderati. 

" Haec ab hominibus fide dignis accepi, quas de- rebus regiae classis te docerem. 
Eis liquet quam honorifice, et gloriosfe consanguinei tui dieni suam clauserint I 
Quod nobis magno levamini doloris esse debet." Hist. CathoL Iber. fol. 264, 266. 

The following Extracts from the Liber Tenurarum for the Province of Mun- 
ster, in the Office of the Chief Remembrancer, Dublin, will show other branches 
of this family who had property in Collymore at this period. 
Einin Me. Donogh O'Driscoll, tenant of four gneeves of land, and half a 
gneeve, lying on the western part of the town and lands of Earrencoushe, in 
the County aforesaid [Cork]. 

Held of the Lord the King by the fortieth part of one Knight's fee. By an 
Inquisition after the death of Donat Me. ffinin O'Driscoll, 12th April, 1631, 
delivered Easter. 1631, roll 15. 

Donat O'Driskoll, Tenant of the Castle, Town, and Lands of Donelonge, 
contaiding 3 carrucates of land, one carucate and the third part of a carueate 
in Sleamore, half a carucate in Glan-lragh in the Island of Cape Cleere, half a 
carucate of Gortidroghide in the Island of Donegall. 

Held of the Lord the King in Capite by military service, but by what part 
of a Knight's fee the Jurors are ignorant. Livery sued 26th November, 1629, 
by order, Hilary, 1632, roll 26. 

Donat Carragh O'Driskoll, tenant of the Castle and two carucates of Done- 
gall, two carucates of Gorticlosca, two carucates of Glane Ireragh in the Island 
of Capecleere, nine gneeves of land of Gokane. 

Held of the Lord the King in Capite by military service, namely, by the 
third part of one Knight's fee. By Inquisition post mortem of Fynen O'Dris- 
coll, 16th September, 1631, roll 13, delivered Easter, 1632. 


There is an Inquisition taken in the County of Cork in the reign of James the 
first, relating to Teig Me Conoghure O'Driscoll of Glaubarryhane, a rebel, who 
paid rent to Lord Me Carthy Bioghe and Deruiod Me Conoghure O'Driscoll. 
[of. ch. Item. Dublin]. 

Inrolment on the Memoranda Roll 5 James I. m. 72, relating to Dermod 
O'Driscoll and Donnell O'Driscoll. 

Inrolment on the Memoranda Roll of Cromwell, Roll 1., relating to Donoghue 
Driscoll of Bally Island Co. Cork. 

The following persons of the name of O'Driscoll are mentioned in the family 
documents of the O'Donovan at Montpellier in the County of Cork, who writes 
(December 5th, 1850) I have the "fee of three ploughlands in Creagh and 
Tullagh parishes, which were once part of the O'Driscoll territory, in Carbery, 
and appear, by the many deeds which I have, dating from 1629 to 1677, to have 
passed from them to my ancestor, Teige, his executor and brother, Morogh, 
and Teige's surviving son, Morogh. The names of the lands are Lick, Bun- 
lick, Gortshanecrone, Knockvallytaggart, Ardagh, two ploughlands, and Balli- 
nard, the third. The first seem to have belonged to one family, and I select at 
foot such names from the deeds as occur, and do the like by the second. You 
have every O'Driscoll name in them that occurs in my family documents. 

List, &c., Ardagh. 

1 . Teige Mac Moriertagh O'Driscoll, of Gurtshanecrone, (a marksman) to 
Teige O'Donovane, of Drishane, 12th March, 1632. 

2. Daniell Mac Dermodie Driscoll, of Ardagh (marksman), to Teige 
O'Donovan, of Drishane, 16th October, 1632. 

3. Teige Mac Moriertagh O'Driscoll, of Gortshanecrone (marksman), to 
Teige O'Donovan, of Rahine, 2nd November, 1632. 

4. Dermod Mac Ffynyne O'Driscoll, of Cnockvollytaggart (marksman), to 
Teige O'Donovan of Drishane, 6th June, 1633. 

5. Florence O'Driscoll, of Bally Illand, to Teige O'Donovan, of Drishane, 
17th June, 1633. 

6. Daniell Mac Dermodie Mac Donagh O'Drishcoll. of Ardaghmaggeanie, to 
Morrogh O'Donovan, of Carragarruffe, 3rd October, 1643. 

7. Manan Mac Teige Mac Dermodie Driscoll (marksman), to Morrogh 
O'Donovan, of Carruggarruffe, 31st October, 1640. 

8. Lease of 20th April, 1664, by Morrogh O'Donovan, of Drishane, to Do- 
nagh Mac Daniell Driscoll, of the parish of Tullagh. 

Touching Ballynard, in Tullagh parish. 

1. Cnoghor Oge O'Driscoll, of Ballynard, to Teige O'Donovane, of Drishane, 
12th December, 1629. 

2. Cnoghor Oge O'Driscoll, and Donogh Mac Cnoghor O'Driscoll, son and 
heir of said Cnoghor, of Ballynard, to Teige O'Donovane, of Drishane, 9th 
December, 1635. 

3. Same to same, 12th May, 1638. 


4. Donnagh Mac Cnoghor Oge O'Driscoll, of Ballynard, to Morrogh, Mac 
Teige O'Donovane, of Drishane, llth December, 1664. 

5. Deed of sale of Ballynard by same to same, styled of Letterlickey, in 
Durrus parish, 1st May, 1670. 

6. Bond of same to same, 19th September, 1670. 

7. Obligation of Morrogh Mac Teige O'Donovane, at the entreatie, &c., of 
Daniel O'Donovane, alias O'Donovane, Esq., Coll. Cornelius O'Driscoll, Ffy- 
nyne O'Mahowny, of Ardryrynggie, from Wm. Goghin and from John Cogh- 
lane, to restore Ballynard to Donogh Mac Cnoghor O'Driscoll, in case of, &c. 
&c. (not dated nor executed, but would appear from the rest, to be about latter 
end of 1670.)" 

On the llth of July, 1650, F. O'Driscoll entered into a covenant with 
Donough Mac Daniel Carthy and O'Donovan, reciting 

"For as much as it is thought convenient and necessary that friends and 
neighbours in those more than troublesome times, should joyne and unit their 
helping hands together, to withstand arid resist all insolencies and annoyances 
that should invade either by their enemyes, back friends, or any other: 
wee therefore, the undernamed, doe, by these presents, covenant and faithfully 
promise, and thereupon ingage our honesties to the utmost of our power, to be 
ayding and assisting one to another in maintaining, uphoulding, and defending 
our lives, estates, and goods whatsoever, against all person and persons that 
would intend or act any violence, oppression, or any other unlawful prejudice 
unto any or either of us, or that would incroach upon any of the respective 
cantridges of Clan-Cahill or Clandermod, and Collimore, or any other, of our 
rights or intrests whatsoever : further, it is faithfully promised and agreed upon 
betwixt us, the undernamed, that if any or either of us would conceave or ap- 
prehend any cause of jealousie or suspition of imperformance of this covenant, 
that it shall not be a breach hereof, but rather to be reconciled by the major 
vote of the undernamed not concerned in that cause of jealousie, i any be ; 
this tending to a faire correspondencie betweene us in the three cantridges 
before mentioned : and for the due performance hereof wee have heereunto sub- 
scribed our hands the llth of July, 1650. Moreover, it is agreed upon and 
faithfully promised by and betweene us, that noe person or persons shall or 
may have command over our men in armes, or to be in armes, without our ap- 
probation, or the approbation of the major parte of us, if we may from our 
superiours obtaine it ; moreover, that any officer or officers voted and named by 
us may not exact, prejudice, or charge any or either of us, nor proceed in any 
thing wherein wee may bee concerned, without the consent of us, or the major 
parte of us : and for the better performance heereof wee have taken our outhes 
upon the holy Evangelists, as witness our hands, the llth of July, 1650. 




That this family continued to be highly respectable and important, in Ireland, 
not only after the Cromwellian Usurpation, but till the Revolution, is evident 
from various records and historical authorities. It appears from King Charles 
II. 's letter in favor of Col. Daniel O'Donovan that there was a Col. O'Driscoll 
in the royal service in Cromwell's time. This letter recites: "That Daniell 
O'Donovane of Castle O'Donovane in the County of Corke, in our kingdome of 
Ireland, submitted unto the peace concluded in our said kingdome in the year 
One Thousand Six Hundred and Forty-eight, and constantly adhered thereunto 
contributing his best endeavours to advance it, and suppress all oppositions that 
might be thereunto given, signally testifying upon all occasions his loyalty and 
fidelity to our service ; and that he raised at his own cost and charge by Com- 
mission from the said Duke of Ormond then our Lieutenant of Ireland, two foote 
Companies, whereof one was commanded, as Captaine, by Morrogh O'Donovane, 
his brother in the regiment of Colonel Hennessy, under the command of our 
said Lieutenant of Ireland, at the seidge of Dublin, where the said Captaine 
Morogh O'Donovane was killed in our service. And that Richard O'Donovane 
retired himself and company into forreigne partes, and there was also killed in 
our service, when hee had first, as Captaine of the other foote Companie in Co- 
lonell O'Driscoll's Regiment, contributed his best endeavours for the furtherance 
of our service, till the late ursurped power became prevalent in our said king- 
dome of Ireland ; and that Daniell O'Donovane persevering still constant in his 
loyalty to us, the said usurped power seized upon all his Estate, burning, kill- 
ing, and destroying all that came in their way, and blew up with powder two of 
his the saidDaniell's Castles." 

There is a well preserved copy of this letter in the possession of Edward 
Powell Esq. of Bawnlahan, in the county of Cork, and another in the Chief Re- 
membrancer's Office, Dublin (Adventurers' Certificates Roll xviii.) 

Soon after the levying of Col. Daniel O'Donovan's Regiment of infantry for 
the war of the Revolution was commenced, Cornelius O'Driscoll is mentioned as 
its intended Lieutenant Colonel. In Col. O'Donovan's papers connected with 
the above regiment there is a Capt. Driscoll mentioned more than once. 

On the 2nd. of October, 1690, the Lord Marlborough came to Kinsale with the 
army ; on the 3rd, Major General Tettau and Colonel Fitzpatrick, with about 
800 men, got over in boats unperceived near Ringroan Castle, marched down to- 
wards the old fort (called Castle-ni-Park) which they boldly assaulted, and took 
by storm, whereupon the enemy retired into the Castle, but at the same time 3 
barrells of their powder took fire at the gate and blew it up, with about 40 
soldiers. At length, the Governor Colonel Driscoll and 200 of the garrison be- 
ing killed, the rest surrendered upon quarter." Cox's Narration quoted by 
Smith in his Natural and Civil History of Cork, book 3. c. VII. 

November 23rd, 1<890, an attack was made by a Jacobite party of 500 men 
under the young Colonel O'Driscoll on Castletown House, near Castlehaven, 
the mansion house of Colonel Townshend, which they attempted to burn; but 


they missed of their aim, and were so well received by Townshend and his gar- 
rison, that twelve of them dropt at the first volley, and upon a second Col. 
O'Driscoll, and Captain Teige Donovan, Captain Cronin, and about 30 others 
were slain, and so many more wounded that they were forced to retire." Ibid. 

In French accounts of the Irish Brigades in the possession of John Cornelius 
O'Callaghan, Esq. Dublin, the Sieur Corneille or Cornelius O'Driscoll is 
spoken of as a distinguished officer in Spain in 1707 and 1708, or during the 
great war of the Succession, when he was Lieutenant Colonel to the Kegiment 
of Dragoons of the famous Count Daniel O'Mahoni. In a hostile sally from 
Alcoy, January 2nd 1708, it is said that " le Sieur Corneille Odriscol, Lieutenant 
Colonel du Regiment de O'Mahoni, fut blesse au pied dangereusement." 

The following brief notice of the present condition of the O'Driscoll tribe is 
abstracted from a paper on the subject written by Rickard Donovan Esq. Clerk 
of the Crown for the County of Cork. 

4 'The family of O'Driscoll having fallen into decay and lost every portion 
of their former possessions, it is not easy now to ascertain satisfactorily who is 
the head of that Clan. Most of this ancient sept may now be discovered in 
bitter contests with the overseers of the work-houses of Skibbereen and Skull, 
who are more keenly anxious as to the minimum rate of food to keep alive the 
animal man, than the oldest and most calculating political economist of the day. 
From these paupers who most submissively exclaim that their present abject con- 
dition is wholly to be attributed to the will of God, no information can be obtained, 
except a vague tradition about Sir Fineen O'Driscoll having entertained the offi- 
cers of Queen Elizabeth's fleet at his Castle at Baltimore. However, the head of 
the race, I believe, lately existed in the person of Mr. Michael O'Driscoll of Balti- 
more, who, born only to the repute of being an Irish chief, connected himself in 
marriage with the daughter of a namesake [of Mr. Timothy O'Driscoll and 
sister of the late Alexander ODriscoll esq. J.P.] by whom he got some money, 
by means of which he advanced himself in the world, and even became a justice 
of the peace, but Lord Manners swept him out of that distinction with some half 
dozen other Roman Catholics in the county of Cork, who had stolen into that 
dignity owing to some good-natured oversight in the preceding chancellor. 

" This gentleman died about twenty years ago, leaving no male descendant. 
He had three daughters, of whom two died unmarried, and one, Eliza, was mar- 
ried to James O'Brien, esq, a coroner of the County of Cork, who died leaving one 
son Fitzjames O'Brien, who is now twenty-one years of age, and living at 
Castleconnell, in the county of Limerick. This Mr, Michael O'Driscoll, or ' the 
O'Driscoll/ as he was called, had a brother, who early in life having to seek 
his fortune in the English Colonies, was satisfied to leave the hereditary honors 
to his brother, arid styled himself ' William Driscoll,' thinking, no doubt, that 
his fortune would not be much improved by taking the O. On the death of 
his brother however he styled himself the O'Driscoll. He is still living [in 
the 84th year of his age] and has one son William Henry O'Driscoll. This 


gentleman is now the head of the ancient family of the O'Driscolls, and though 
unconnected with the Clan, he adheres to the religion, and feelings of his ances 
tors." R. Donovan. 

He claims descent from Donogh O'Driscoll who married Mary, daughter and 
heir at law of Gerald, 19th Baron of Kinsale, who died about the year 1642; 
but his pedigree has not been yet satisfactorily proved by the evidence of au- 
thentic documents. The following is furnished by Miss Mary Jane Freke of 
Baltimore Castle, whose mother is an O'Driscoll, and William Henry O'Driscoll 
of Stoke near Plymouth, the only son of the O'Driscoll. 

1. FLORENCE O'DRISCOLL of Bally island, (son of Coll. Cornelius, son of Do- 
nogh, chief of his name.) He was born about the year 1677, and married in 
1706 the daughter of O'Donovan, by whom he had two sons, 1. Denis, who suc- 
ceeded him as head of the sept, and 2. William O'Driscoll, from whom the late 
Daniel Mac Carthy of Gortnascreena, was descended in the female line. He 
married, secondly, a Miss Fitzgerald, by whom he had also two sons, 1. Michael, 
who married Miss Honora Morris, daughter of Mr. Samuel Morris of Skib- 
bereen, surveyor of Excise, by Sarah, eldest daughter of Colonel Daniel 
O'Donovan of Bawnlahan, M.P. but who died without issue ; and 2. Cornelius 
O'Driscoll, of Florence Court and Eiverview, surnamed " the Admiral," on ac- 
count of his attachment to naval sports, who left one daughter, the wife of the 
late Dr. Power of Clonakilty, uncle to the present Dr. Power, M.P. for the 
County of Cork. 

2. DENIS O'DRISCOLL of Creagh Court. He was born in the year 1707, and 
married three wives but had issue by the second only, namely, Martha O'Hea, 
daughter of O'Hea of Kilkern, by Mary O'Grady, daughter of the O'Grady of 
Kilballyowen in the County of Limerick. His children were , I. Matthias who 
was born in 1754 : he settled in America, where he married, and had issue one 
son Denis, who was shot in a duel, and three daughters who are still living ; 
II. Michael O'Driscoll of Baltimore, born in 1764, commonly called "THE 
O'DRISCOLL," who married Miss Helena O'Driscoll of Lakeland, daughter of 
Timothy O'Driscoll, Esq. J.P. and sister of Alexander O'Driscoll, Esq. J.P. 
and had issue Denis O'Driscoll, \vho died without issue, and three daughters, 
Helena, Eliza, and Jane, who are all dead without issue, except Eliza who 
married, 1. James O'Brien, Esq. Coroner of the County of Cork, by whom 
she had one son Michael Fitzjames O'Brien, now living; and 2ndly, De Courcy 
O'Grady, Esq. of Castleconnell, in the County of Limerick. III. William 
O'Driscoll, now the O'Driscoll, of whom presently, and IV. Cornelius 6'Dris- 
coll, who settled in America, and became an officer in the United States' Navy, 
in which service he died, leaving one legitimate son, William Cornelius O'Dris- 
coll, now living at Charleston, and having legitimate issue male, who will pro- 
bably become the future representatives of the family. Denis O'Driscoll had a 
daughter, Lucy, who married John O'Grady, Esq., of Castlefarm, in the County 
of Limerick. 

1PPENDIX. 399 

He died in 1792, aged 85 years. 

3. WILLIAM O'DRISCOLL, now THE O'DniscoLL. He was born on the 6th 
of June, 1766 ; and he married, in August, 1802, Mary Raby, of Kingsland, 
in the county of Middlesex, by whom he had issue, William Henry O'Driscoll, 
of whom presently, and one daughter, Mary, who was born on the 6th of Au- 
gust, 1805, and died on the 9th of December, 1833. 

This gentleman, during the lifetime of his brother Michael, wrote his name 
William Driscoll, but after his death assumed the O', and began to call himself 
the O'Driscoll. He entered the British navy in 1782, in which he served for 
some time under his relative, the Honorable Captain de Courcy, who had 
command of the Wizard sloop. He afterwards commanded the Devonshire, 
20 guns, but left the service, and next commanded an Indiaman, in which 
service his son, William Henry, was actively employed for several years. 

This O'Driscoll (William, son of Denis, sou of Florence), who is now living, 
was in his youthful days a most magnificent specimen of the old Irish chieftain 
race, having been " mighty of limb and strong of sinews, very tall and bread 
in proportion ; of noble countenance, and in pitch of body like a giant."' 

4. WILLIAM HENRY O'DRISCOLL, Esq., of Stoke, near Plymouth. He was 
born on the 16th of June, 1803, and, though a fine specimen of the old Irish chief- 
tain race, he is still unmarried. The senior line of the O'Driscolls is, therefore, 
likely to become extinct in the British Islands, and the genealogist of the next 
century will probably have to look for it in the United States of America : 
though, according to a wild tradition in the country, there are fishermen on Cape 
Clear and on other islands off the Coast of Carbery, who are lineally descended 
from the youngest son of Sir Finghin, or Florence, of 1602. The Rev. James 
O'Driscoll, P.P. of Kilmichael in the County of Cork, is said to be the great- 
grandsoii of Denis O'Driscoll of Dunbeacon Castle, who is remembered by 
tradition for his skill in performing on the Irish harp, who was the son of Flo- 
rence O'Driscoll, called the Captain Cam, who was killed at the siege of Dun- 
boy in 1602. Sed cum de his nihil certi scio, nihil etiam assertive determine. 

Cornelius O'Driscoll, the father of Florence O'Driscoll, No. 1 supra, had a 
son Alexander, who married Mary O'Sullivan, daughter of Mac Fineen Duff, 
by Mary Mac GillicudJy, of the Reeks, from whom descended the Mount Musick 
branch of the O'Driscolls, and (according to Miss Freke of Baltimore Castle) 
the late Alexander O'Driscoll, whose sister, Mrs. Freke, of Baltimore Castle, is 
still living. 

" John O'Driscoll, late Judge of the Island of Dominica was a native of the 
city of Cork. He inherited a small property acquired by the industry of his 
parents who kept a shop in Cork, and educated him well. Pie published in 1823 
" Views in Ireland," in two volumes, and in 1827 a History of Ireland in two 
volumes, works of considerable reputation. He died in June, 1828, whilst in his 
judicial appointment which he obtained through the patronage of the Marquis 
of Landsdowne. Mr. Windele, of Cork, lias a large collection of his papers. 


"The late Alexander O'Driscoll, Esq., J.P.,of Norton Cottage, Skibbereen, 
was the son of Timothy Driscoll, commonly called Tim the Guager, who was in 
appearance far beyond the ordinary run of men, being remarkably handsome, tall, 
and athletic, appearing like the son of a giant. This Timothy was, no doubt, of 
ancient respectable descent ; but nothing seems to have been known in the 
country of his pedigree. He acquired considerable property as a middleman, 
and was a magistrate of no ordinary capacity ; he was a jovial companion, 
had a good head, and was a kind of sense-carrier to several of his aristocratic 
neighbours, who had no time for anything but drinking and hunting. His son, 
Alexander, succeeded to a considerable property in land and tithes. This Alex- 
ander (whatever his lineage may have been and his bearing, his virtues and vices 
all denote that he was of no common ancestry), may be considered as the last 
celebrated man of the O'Driscolls in the O'Driscoll territory. He was a remark- 
ably fine looking man ; he looked, in fact, like a prince ; hunted well ; rode and 
shot well ; drank well : his hospitality was boundless to all. Being in politics 
a high Conservative, his popularity lay with the aristocracy, who repaid him 
for his hospitality by giving him all those posts of honor which gentry sigh for, 
and which cost nothing. He was of overbearing disposition ; despised all 
popular institutions ; was severe to the peasantry, and no favorite with the 
Roman Catholic clergy, although a Roman Catholic himself. His end was most 
melancholy. In the summer assizes of 1849 he served on the county grand 
jury, although his embarrassments were notorious ; and, instead of proceeding 
homewards after the duties of a grand juror were over, he remained in the city 
of Cork, and was arrested by a wine merchant. He applied for his discharge 
on the score of being on duty as a grand juror ; but the application was refused, 
and he was confined in the city gaol. The cholera then prevailing very severely, 
he was seized with it, and died a sad but not unusual reverse of fortune to 
befal a man who certainly gave more dinners to persons whom he did not care 
about than any man in her Majesty's empire. He left no issue, and his pro- 
perty may be said to have perished with the potatoes. A remnant of his pro- 
perty is in the ' Encumbered Estates' Court' for sale." R. Donovan. 

"Mr. Alexander O'Driscoll, of Crookhaven, is said to represent a respect- 
able branch of this family. The heads of other respectable branches were the 
late Dr. O'Driscoll, of Skibbereen, whose son and nephew are still living. The 
late Alexander O'Driscoll, J.P. left no issue ; but his sister, Mrs. Freke, of 
Baltimore Castle, is still living." J. Mac Carihy Downing. 

William Justin O'Driscoll, Esq. 28, Lower Fitzwilliam-st. Dublin, is of an 
ancient and respectable branch of this sept, but the Editor has not been able to 
learn anything of his pedigree. 



HAUL. 1425, p. 25. BRIT. Mus. 

O'Drisooll, L. of Colliraore, in Carbrie, in the Countie of Corke. 

Fynin O'Dri3coll=:Da. of Finin O' 

of Collimore, in 
Carbrie 1 

Mahoni of Rosbrin 
in Ivaghe, in 

Finin More=Da. to Donell 

Teige More=Da. of Donell 



Mac Cartie Reagh 

, O'Driscoll 

=Da. to ' 
Mac Cartie 

Me Finin Me 
Cartie reagh 

B Con 

More O'Driscoll, 


Conogher=Jane Da to 


Finn O' 
after to 


1 * 1 

=Da. [Ellen] to Sir 
Owen Mac 

1 5 

4 3 \ 2 | 
O'Driscoll, O'Driscoll, Teige mar.the 
da. of 
the Knight of 
to Connogher 
O'Mahon Finn, 

1 Sir Finin O'Driscoll,: 
I Knight, lived 1614, 


i i 

= Ellen Da. to 
Donnell mac 
Owen Mac 
Swyne, of 

| 1 Cornell or : 
Fvnin Conogher, Cornelius O' 
Driscoll, a 
Capten in the 
Lived 1G15, 

* This Sir Finnin tooke his lands by Letters pattents from Queene Eliz. and thereby ex- 
tinguished the Irish rite. The former custome was that the oldest of the familie succeeded, 
unto whom Mac Cartie Reagh did give a rod, and then he was reputed and obeyed as lord of 
the Countrie of Collimore. O'Driscoll did pay certaine rent and service unto Mac Cartie 




Ms. HAUL. 1425, f. 2122. 

Donnell Glas, 

Donnell Reagh, from whom 
the name of Mao Cartle Reagh 
was assumed. 

Donnell .< 

Mac Cartie Reagh. 

Da. to Teige = Dermond in Downe 

Cartie, L. of I Mao Cartie Reagh, 

Muskrie, 1 

Fynin Mac = Kath. da. to Tho. Earle of 

Cartie Reagh Desmond, beheaded att Drogheda, 

Donnagb, Dermond, Cormack, Da. to = Donnell Mac = Ellenor da. 
.p. 8. p. Cartie, I Cartie Reagh, j toGarrald, L. 
Teig, L. of 3 of Kildare. 

at. Muskrie, 

1 2 3 I 4 

Sir Cormack Sir Finin 
Me Cartie Reagh Me Cartie 

Bir Donnagh 
Mac Cartie 

Sir Owen = 
Mac Cartie 

Kath. ma. 

Elm da. to Dermond 

Ellen ma. 
to sir Fynin 


Joane ma. 
to O'Donovan. 


Honor ma. 
to Ed. Knight 
of the Valley. 

ma. to 
sonne to 
Owen O'Suli- 
van More. 

Grany ma. to 
Barry Reogh, and after 
to Charles, sonne 
to Sir Cormack 
Mac Teige, of 

Da. to Sir - 
Tho. of 

- Donnagh 
Mac Cartie. 

Elliner ma. 
to Finin Me Owen 
Carragh of Kil- 
brittayne and Tanist 
of Iniskey, in Carbry. 

- Elynor da. to 
Edmond Fitz Gibon, 
the White Knight, & w 
dowe to Cormack Mac 
Donell Me Cartie 

Cartie in 
Spaine, or with 
the Arch. D. 

in Spaine, 
or wth. the 
Arch. D. 


Fynin = 

ma. to 



BRIT. Mus. HARL. 1425, p. 24. 

O'Sullivan L. of Beare and Bantrle, in Mounster. 

-Anne ny Lacken 
O'Sullivan, the first 
Lord of Beare & 
Bantrie, iu Mounster. 

I ' 1 

Aulive O'Sullivan. 

I ' 2 

Teige boy O'Sullivan 
or Teige Laidir 4 

Dermond Ballagh 
O'Sullivan 6 

Finin Dufe 

O Sullivan 3 


Movie O'Sull. 
I ' 5 

'Owen O'Sullivan 

died in his infancie, 
and was never Lord 
of his countrie. 


Donnell O'Sullivan Owen O'Sullivan 
7 I was Tanisted, 

2 but died before 

| f his sonne Donnell. 

Donnell O'Sulliv. Aulive O'Sullivan 10. 

' 9 . murtheredby 

his nephevr 
I Donnell 

i ! ' 12 

Shely Da. to = 
Donnell Mac i 

Cartie reagh by 
the E. of Kildare's 
Daughter Elinore. 



' 11 Gilliduff 


Donnell O Sullivan 
ma. to the Da. 
of Sir Donnell 
O'Brien of 

Sir Owen O'Sullivan = Ellen da- Da. to Cormock 

| 12 

) Ellen Da. to : 
j Owen O'Sullivan 
I in Desmond. 
| She is in Spain 

Donnell O'Sullivan 
a fugitive in 
Spain, lived in 
anno 1615, Lord 
of Beare. 

to James, Cartie. lord of 
Ld Barrie. Dowallie & 
sister to 

= Phillipp O'Sullivan, 
Tanist to Sir Owen 
his sonne & houlds 
the Castle of Ardea, 
appertayninge to 

Donnell O' 
Page to the 
K. of Spain, 
Lived 1619. 

Shely ma. to 
Sir Nicholas 
Brown, knt. 

2 1 . , 


da. to Dermond lived in anno 
O'Sullivan More IGlSL.of 
Bantrie, ob. 

-va. to 
Mac Cartie 

1 2 1 
Dermond Donnell Owen 

[Philip the 2 sonneg 
historian] more. 


Teige a Donnell Honora Gillycuddy 

capten in married Da. to Thomas 
the lower toSirOormack 2 sonne to Connogher 
countries Me Teipe SirJno.Fitz t 

of Muskrie. Garrald of Phillipp 

Joane Da, 
to Garrald 
E. of Desmond. 

2 I 

Donnell. Ellen 1. 

3. Owen. llane 2. 

4. Phillipp. Shilie 3. 

Katherine 4. 
Honor 5. 

* This Sir Owen, to settle the Countries of Beare and Bantrie in his posteritie, tooke his lands from Q,. E. by Lettrps 
pattents in the 12 yeare of her reigne ; but after long suite at law between him and his nephew, Donnell Mac Donnell 
O Sullivan, it was ordered that Sir Owen should enjoy the countrie of Bantry and Donnell Beare to them and their 

Beare and Bantrie is thus bounded : upon the west the ocean ; upon the east Muskrie ; upon the south-east Carbrie ; 
upon the south O'Dallie; upon the north O'Sullivan Moie. 


II. ^e^ft^tl Oj WAC an t>ljfit> 

CAflAb | 3-CAC 

notice 6]fie bo't) Aet) 
CAeb AT) ci)u]c I AT) bo 

AfTt T)AJl CtTJC AT) CAtlJtT)5eATlCU|3. 


T)A C|tA6]be 
O ^DujbbjAjlTtJA 

3A]ts .6 

O ])-JeT)T)ei]t5] AT) AbrtA T 

O CA|l]tA ^tJOT 

lo]T)T) CJ106A J- 
Utt)OTlO ATt 

6 ^)U|beATf)T)A 'f 6 b- 

bA n7-be]T)i) urt; &A]leATf> ^3 AT) b|tu]i)3, 
A rj-AifieATb u^le TJACA 

3-CACA1T) 3-CAIf 
t AT) ATI A t)-6A3Tf)Ai 
bO f3A6ll AT) CO 136 ATI AT) 

bo cAeb fro^beAb T)A T)-UllcAcr). 

a Full of tombs. These monuments Londonderry in which the O'Cathains, 

have not been identified. or O'Kanes are still numerous. 

b The prophesied one i.e. the man <* O'Duibhdhiarma, now Dooyearma. 

who was to free Ireland from the yoke Vide supra. 

of the English as indicated in various O'h-Eanaigh, now anglice O'Heney. 

poems ascribed to the primitive Irish This family was seated in the parish of 

Saints. Banagher in the Co. of Londonderry, 

c Craebh, a territory in the Co. of f O' Goirmfhleadhaigh now anglice 



The tombs of friends are in the battle of Brian ; 
Ruined is Eire from the one conflict 
The side of the hill is full of tombs'* 
Whereon the prophesied one b has fallen. 

Brian O'Neill of Aileach [was] in the slaughter, 
[With] Maghnus O'Cathain of Craebh, 
0'Duibhdhiarma, d the high O'h-Eanaigh, e 
[And] the royal fierce 0'Gairmfhleadhaigh. f 

O'h-IenneirgheS of the sedate brow, 
O'Carra b the great, Mac Lachlainn, 1 
The chiefs of the brave Clann-Cana ; k 
Great therefore are our losses ! 

The host of Comment 1 perished in the hard [fought] battle, 
[With] 0'Duibheamhna, m and O'h-Anluain n 
Had I been [even] the cup-bearer to the host 
To enumerate them all I could not. 

Five of the active Clann-Cathain 

[Fell] in the slaughter besides Maghnus; 
[The fall of] the five burst the battle array 
And the endurance of the Ulta. 

O'Gormly, vide supra. or Mac Canna's, of Clanbrassel, near 

g O'-h-Ienneirghe, now Henry, vide Loch Neagh in the Co. of Armagh. 
supra. The host of Connacht, vide supra. 

h O'Carra, now O'Carra, and anglice O'Duibheamhna, now Devany. 
Corr, a name still common in the parish n O'h-Anluain, i.e. O'Hanlon. 
of Lissan in the Co. of Londonderry. Clann-Cathain i.e. the O'Cahans or 

i Mac Lachlainn, now Mac Loughlin, O'Kanes. According to the Irish an- 

vide supra. nals fifteen of the O'Kanes were dam 

fc Clann Cana, i.e. the Mac Cana's, in this battle. 


, &ACTt)AflCAC 

Mi All 6 CACAI; bo 


curt) lfe 
cub A] 6 

If TOO corb&AlcA O 

t>i r 1 ^ rnt) '"sw b 

^t)t) Af AT) A]t 1 T)-UUcA|b. 

b 8ATT) AC 




( t)AT)|TT) left TOACAjb 'f le|l TT)T)A|b, 

}\]\y Art 
c TI?ATI O 5-CAcAtj. 

u 5 A r 3|tA& TTjortj Ttj^be 8 ATT;, 
bo 6 cf T)t) TOO cui5 n)-bliA5A 

OC T)Ajl gAbA] 4 Tie TT)O 5flA8, 
Tt)OC bO CATlAf 6' C AC AT). 

8 b' 6 

P CearbhalL He was full brother to . attendant oil the bard's brother in the 

the aiithor. battle of Down. He plays here on the 

^Eachmarcach, he was also either a words each horse and Eachmarcach, 

Mac ail Bhaird, or some very faithful a man's name. 


Maghnus himself, Eachmarcach too, 
Muircheartach, Donnchadh, Domhnall, 
And Niall O'Cathain were mortally wounded. 
Alas ! are they not losses ! 

CearhhallP [was left] in the slaughter, a loss to me, 
The son of my mother he, and of my father, 
Eachmarcach^ the foster-brother of our children, 
The meet fellow-horseman of Cearbhall. 

My brother being left in the slaughter, 
And my foster-brother O'Cathain,* 
We are not safe at our houses. 
Though away from the slaughter in Uladh. 

Though to me each man is a grief 

[For] O'Cathain the yellow-haired I most grieve, 
He is the wound of the artery of my head, 
This is the blood which I cannot bear. 

Grievous to our children and women 
Is the killing of Maghnus O'Cathain, 
If Brian were not in the slaughter 
There would be no loss like O'Cathain. 

I gave great love, ah wo is me ! 

To him from the period of my fifth year, 
Wo that I have not gone with my beloved, 
Early I loved O'Cathain. 

My love for O'Cathain of Cluaine* 

Was not the love of a woman for a man of one hour, 

* My foster brother. From this and Fearghal Og Mac-na-Bhaird, and that 

the following quartrains it would ap- the Bard was his play-mate, and some 

pear that Maghnus O'Cathain was fos- years younger than he. 

tered and educated by the father of s Cluaine, now Clooney, a towuland 


3ftA8 6 fi6 leAT)bA8AccA A lejc, 
[bott/] 8eAg 8AlcA, bon/ o^be. 

T) TieAbjtA8 
bo i)Afi TT)ACTiAi8 Tbojt TT)eAT)rr)T)A 

TltW If AT) TTJ3 ATI 6U8 T)ATl Coll 
A5 bol ^A CTll T)A 

O JO T)-3AbcT)A8 TT)6 ATI A tl 
bO TJ-b^T) b6jlA T)A 8]A^3, 
ATI 3 AC le^C bA Tt)6 TT)ATICAC 
ATI T)-eAC b^V 6 

>0 b] A CUATlAfbAl A3 C6ACC 8 
TT)ATl bu& fF)T) A 0]3|l]5AC 

ujTieAb A^e Tie b^ 8Att); 
bob f AbA ATiif 6 

It) ATI bu8 l)-fe [bUAT)] TT)'ollATbA|T) ; 
CUCC T 1 ^ A lAt) ATI TT)0 8AT) 8ATT), 
ff TT)6 5 AT) bAt) bO 8eAT)ATT). 

If At) c-eAfbo3, 

T)OCA Tt)A1Tl] : T)T) bO 


OTlbA]8 A1fTl1:T)t) 3 AC fl 

boc coiT)8AlcA bo CACAT) 

containing the ruins of an old Church t Eachmarcach. He was the brother 

in the parish of Clondermot near the of Maghnus O'Cathain and was also 

city of Londonderry. See Annals of educated by our author's father. 

the Four Masters A. D. 11 97 note 9 p. u Was not a poem. This affords a 

109. pleasing specimen of the sort of in- 


'Twas a love from the time of childhood hither 
To my foster-brother, to my tutor. 

We used to give the chieftainship, in our sports, 
To him, when high-spirited youths 
We and the king on a mound which he disgraced not, 
Going thrice around it. 

Until he would take me on his back 

I used to continue to shed tears after him, 

At all times 1 was the rider, 

Our horse was [always] Eachmarcach. 1 

His stipend to me was always coming to us, 
Just as if we were his heirs, 
He had for me as much as for two ; 
Far are we for ever again from our gambols ! 

I used to go with a poem on his manly form, 
As if it were [the poem] of my ollamhship, 
He gave much for my poem to me, 
Although that which I made was not a poem ! u 

Except myself, Ah ! wo is me ! 
And the bishop, and Eoghan, T 
There live not of our [playmate] youths, 
O my soul ! my Eachmarcach ! 

Order masses of each priest, 

For thy foster-brother, for O'Cathain, 

timacy which subsisted between the were evidently brothers of our author 

Irish chieftains and their foster bre- who were wont to play with Each- 

thren. marcach O'Cathain while he was study- 

* The Bishop and Eoghan. These ing in the house of Mac-an-Bhaird. 


bO TTJAC ft13 CftOTtJCA IT) 3AC 
bf6 OflCA 3ACA b- 

|t bo cujTtjA^fice 1t)t> 3^cl) qll 
bA rrj-be8 rrle TTJAC 

ri) 0]le 
bo cjie] 

A C6At)bAC bA bUAl bATl^-f A 


O t)A]l Ij-AlC^&eAb 'f At) A]t 

colAt)t) ct)e|]*-5eAt U] CACAI), 
beo 3].i) 50 b-cAj 

leo bor) lAc 

A CUAj6 Of) 

A ^AjCHI) [31 9 S 11 ! 1 b ' 

A fjC A f lit CjAfl t)0 COJ]1> 

5A ^ : |* T)AC bA8 i) 

bo |iAb ]T)3eAi) 05 

A|t t)6AC A 1>All6b, 

30 rr?-be||teA8 le beAi? 

w TAe son of Raghnall i.e. Each- x TFas nof recognised. The body of 
marcndi O'Cathain. O Cathain lay for two days among the 


For the son of the king who bowed in each church, 
Let the prayers of each mass be [offered]. 

For mercy to thee in each church 
Were there a thousand students, 
For our son of Raghnall*' there should ascend 
Psalm- singing from their psaltars. 

As the poetic art is hereditary to me, 
For this white-sided pure-skinned man 
I shall chant a flowery dirge, 
In the hour of solemn prayer for his soul. 

If another ollamh should come 
To sell an elegy to his children, 
To purchase it would be my duty 
I having its value in cattle. 

As in the slaughter was not recognised* 
The fair-skinned body of O'Cathain, 
And as he has not come alive to his home, 
They [the fairies] may have carried him away from the field. 

If he has escaped northwards from the slaughter, 
To see him fully though we cannot 
In fairy mount west or east, 
Who knows but he may still be living ! 

Often hath a youthful maiden put 

Her spells upon a man in days of yore, 

So that oft hath a woman borne to her court? 

A man, when found alone. 

slain before it was recognised ; and midhe's poem supra. 

this poem was in the mean while writ- y Court, i.e, the fairy fort or palace. 

ten by Mac an Bhaird. See Mac Con- 



[1] A CACA CluAi) A CAfib ce, 
le 't)A beACAjce beAt) c-f]8e 
<Dui)lu]i)3 <Du]r)e r>A 
ujtrje fut-jojirt) fi : 8A8ccA. 

T)} jrjAC bUT)A& A 
A]|t t)6AC t)AC A| 
A C6AC t)A bttt), A 8A]]t|*eO|]t. 

A l^ri? co|T)t)le co]ll]8e, 






bO C|tA|5 A]t TT)A]tb A8 T 



CU bA 

A cul 




z Dunlaing of Dun na bh-Fearla. 
Dunlaing O'h-Artagain. This alludes 
to a story in ancient accounts of the 
Battle of Cluain-tarbh [Clontarf] 
fought on Good Friday, A.D. 1014. 
Oeibhinn (nowEevil) of Craigliathothe 
the familiar sprite of Dal-Cais, is said 
to have enveloped in a magical cloud 

Dunlaing O'h-Artagain (a chief liero 
attendant on Murchadh, Brian Boru- 
mha's eldest son) to prevent him from 
joining the battle __ See Annals of the 
4 Masters Ed. J.O'D. A.D. 1013, 
p. 778, note , and Wares Antiquities 
of Ireland, ch. xxiv. at the year 1014. 
The place called Dun-na-bh-Fearta in 


On the day of Cluain-tarbk's hot battle, 
A Bean-sidhe, in his life, had borne away 
Dunlaiug* of Dun-na-bh-Fearta 
By her blue eye of fair fascination. 

The fairy palace wherein are the princes of Ross* 
Has not its door usually closed 
Upon one who closes it not of his own free will, 
His house close thou not O door-keeper. 

It is well that the key of heaven 
Is not in the hand of a sensual door-keeper, b 
For the sake of a fair damsel, if he could, 
He would open heaven for strangers. 

I have not seen seeking for gifts 

One whose request he would refuse ; 

Eachmarcach was ever ready 

To sustain the [bounteous] work of Eire. 

Though the country was in his hand [possession,] 
He would not suffer from his tribe's anger ; 
His works of hospitality would be like a streaming well, 
It has ebbed on the killing of O'Cathain's son. 

His fortress was enfeebled by his death, 
It is bent to the earth from his fall; 
O thou [fair hill], jvhom hospitality adorned, 
O hill c at which the strangers alighted. 

the text is probably Dun-feart, alias tor has never met the story itself. 

Danesfort in the County of Kilkenny, Many such legends are still current 

where it is probable Dunlaing was fos- in different parts of Ireland, 

tered. b Sensual door-keeper. This allusion, 

a The Princes of Ross. This evi- though savoring of levity, is not un- 

dently alludes to another legend re- poetical, 

specting fairy abduction, but the Ecli~ c O hill. This expression arose 


2t)AC U] CACATJ TJA CjiAejbe, 
TT?AC R&5t)Aill, ft] 

Tt?^; &Ajl TJA ^|^5 bub & 

b]A8 AT) bAT) TJA 6]lleACCA. [teACljC .] 

from the fact of the ancient Irish Chief- placed on fortified hills. 

taias having had their habitations a SonofRaghnall,kinyofFormaeiI. 



The son of O'Cathain of the Craebh, 
Son of Raghnall, king of Formaeil, d 
A tranquil meeting after him will be difficult, 
The poetic art shall be an orphan. 

This place is now called anglice Formil Geimhin (Dungiven) in the Co. of 
or Formoyle and is situate near Dun Londonderry. 








A - 


T)A ' 

15 Ai&bljc1)eAji 




. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 

. ib. 

. 4 

, ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 
. ib. 


23 OA]lell 

24 ACUf bO 3AbAfCA^|l 


be jerjelAC ... 
ACUJ* ^ bo ]to bo clAt)i). 


29 dAT)T) bAllbA]|t O 
dAT)T) lujA&A O 




34 bAft COTt)A|1)Tt) 

35 A I* e f AC T17A CUCA8 




. ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 

. 8 

. ib. 

. 12 




45 This sentence not in Bal- 
lymote .... 



48 Al 




ACUf ]f A61) CO^feAC 

34 bAe 




. 14 

. 16 

. ib. 

. ib. 

. ib. 

, ib. 

, 18 

, ib. 
, ib. 










AJl C|te^b]717 CJlOJf] ACO 



bupe . . 
59 ^,^ 2t)eccot) 






bo lu]b 


. 26 

o bjteA- 




CAl jAb AJIA6T) . 





72 b' 

73 CAeU6 


80 cjllobot) ib. 

81 bu8urt)T)A ib. 

82 CA|T)rbur)e ib. 







84 H7U|tbii]]tT)b, (defective) 


bA|i|i T)o 




88 -uc 38 

n)e]C St)eb<v|le ... 40 

90 V 

91 coi)A^T)5le ib. 

92 .1. St)^3Al ACUJ* cuA]]t3e 

Acuj* Ae8 1 1)3 Aft . . ib. 

93 AibjeTjAT) ib. 

94 be 3et)elAC I)-UA bu]bl^|*c 


95 be 3ei)etAc t)A 


98 CA 

100 bo 3ei)elAC 

101 Not in Ballymote 








c, Ho]* (defective] 

O T)-bUT)l<V]T)5 T)0 UA bllt)- 

116 co 1)ACA6 


rrj^c bA]]te 





Pages 18, 19. Cill-Mughaine, i.e. the Church of St. Mugania, is not Kilmodan, 
but Kilmoon a townland on Sherkin island in the parish of Tullagh, County of 
Cork. It bounds Kinish harbour, and contains a holy well called Tobar Mughaine 
otherwise Tobar-Gabha. See Ord. Map of the County of Cork, Sheets 149 and 



Achadh-Ailbhe, . . . 55, n. 
Achadh-na-g-Cruime, . . 54, . 
Achadha, . . . .91,92 
Achonry, . . . 207, n. 
Achtae, . . . . . 36, 37 
Aclare, (see Ath-clair.) 
AddergoUe, . . . .127 
Addryvale, . . . .130 

Ae, 18, 19 

Aeadha, ... 54, 55, 55, n. 

Aedh, 12, 13, 18, 19. 32, 33, 36, 37, 

38, 39, 46, 47, 48, 49, 58, 59, 81, 

172, 173, 158, n. 168, n. 172, n. 




Caeil Cuisc, 




Dubh, . 




Ingar, . 


Ruadh, . 

. 12, 13 

167, n. 
172, n. 
. 34, 35 
. 34, 35 
. 36, 37 

80, 305 

34, 35, 36, 37 

166, n. 

10, 11, 34, 35, 11. n. 

. 40, 41 


305, 305, n. 


Aedh Toinleasc, . . 167, n. 

Aedhagan, . . . . 40, 41 

Aedhan Beag, . . .42, 43 

Aedblog, . . . . 32, 33 

Aeilead, . . . . .64, 65 

Aenghus, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 

30, n. 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 

41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 56, 57, 

62, 63, 64, 65, 80 

Aenghus Bolg, 8, n. 16, 17, 18, 19, 


, Genealogy of the 

Race of, .... 24, 25 

Ceannfhoda, . . 22, 23 

Duibhfhleasg, 16, 17, 18, 19 

Gaifuileach, . 8, 8n. 9 

Maine, . . .18, 19 
Nemhdhearg, . . 18, 19 

(the Master), 

14, 15 

Acs Coinchinne, 
Aghar, Castle of, 
Aghekeery, . 

Aghygardy, . 
Aghytubrid, . 

. 36, 37 

23, n., 52, n. 


. 263 
. 128 
. 133 
. 130 
. 127 
. 119 




Agkilosky, . . . .133 

Ahamilly, (see Cluain-da-mhael. 

Aibeannan, . . . . 64, 65 

Aileach, 172, n., 358, 358, n., 359, 

362, 363, 369, n., 404, 405 

Ailghealan, . . . . 40, 41 

Ailghil, . . .28, 29, 80 

Ailill, 24, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36, 37, 

58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 69 

Beag 36, 37 

, [Comard], . . . 22, 23 

Corran, . . . . 36, 37 

Aille, 64, 65 

Aillene, 16, 17 

Ainmire, . . 18, 19, 155, n. 
Ainogh, , . . 253, 258, 309 
Airgidin river, . . .91,92 
Airrthill, . . . . 64, 65 
Airteach, . . . .141 
Alexander Carroghe, his death 212 
Almenia, . . . 374, 375 
AltaghEeogh, . . .128 
Amhalgha, . . . . 18, 19 
Amhalghaidh, 28. 29, 30, 30w., 31, 80 
Amhlaeimh, . . 12, 13, 166, 167 
Amhlaimh Cael, . 14, 15, 15, n. 

Og, ... 14, 15 

Ruadh, . . . 14, 15 

Andrew the Fat, . . .81,86 
Annagh, 99, 102, 106 

Annadown, (see Eanach Duin.) 
Annaly, . . . 353, n. 

Annies, Castle of, (see Cais- 

Antrim, 24, n., 158, n., 286, 351 

AraCliach, 40, 40, n., 41, 58, 58, n. 
Ard-Croine, . . . . 50, n. 
Ard-glass, . 48, n., 207, 207, n. 
Ard-Macha (see Armayh), 148, 149, 

149, n. 

Ard-mor, .... 384 
Ard-na.b-rartan, . 22, 23, 23n. 

Arda, 36, 37 

Arda, Castle of . . . 37, n. 

Ardagh, 13, n., 26, n., 102, 108, 123, 

143, 394 

Ardaghe, .... 99 
Ardaghmaggeanie, . . . 294 
Ardahill, . . . . 54, n. 
Ardcarne, .... 28, n. 
Ardee, (see Ath-Firdiadh.) 

Arden, 122 

Ardfield, . . . 53n., 91 

Ardgehan, .... 99 
Ardgehane, . . . .100 
Ardghal, . . . 172, 173 
Ardgihane, . . . .113 
Ardicroe, . . . .112 
Ardkeaghan . . . .130 
Ardnaglasa, (see Ardgtass.) 
Ardnarea, (see Ardnarye.) 
Ardnarye, . 209, 209, n., 210 

Ardnavohonnane . . .140 

Ardra, 119 

Ardryrynggie, . . .395 
Ardstraw, . . . 162, n. 
Argyleshire, Earls of, . . 5, n. 

Arklow, 31, n. 

Armagh, 29, n., 149, n., 163, n., 
164, n., 166, n., 167, ., 169, n., 
170, n., 222, 293, 313, 325, 405, n. 

(see Ardmacha.) 

Art, 4, n. 

Artagain, Dunlaing, . 412, w. 
Ashrowe (Eas-ruaidh), 290, 294, 312 
Assaroe, (see Ashrowe.) 
Ath-buidhe, .... 48, n. 
Ath-clair, (see Belcleare.) 210, n, 
Ath-Cliath, (see Dublin), 160, 161, 
356, 357 

Ath-Firdiadh, . . 375, n. 

Ath-na-Seang, ... 88 
Ath-Soluis, . 89, 158, 158, n., 159 
Athenry, . . . . 4, n. 




Athenrye, Baron of, . 198, 200 
Athlone, (see Athluain) . . 220 
Athluain, . . . 319, 320 
Attymas, . . . . 27, . 
Augher, . . . .313 

Augher, fort of, ... 309 
Aughrim, battle of, . . 229 
Auliffe O'Gormley, (see O'Guirm- 

leadhoighe Amhlaeibh.) 
Awley, 15, n. 


Baei, . . 358, 358, n., 359 
Baethghaeloch, ... 81 
Baile-an -Mhotaigh (Ballymote) 11, n., 
67, n., 221,222, 300, 318 
Baile-an-Kobha (Ballinrobe), . 216 
Baile-atha-Seanaigh (Bally shannon), 


Baile-Easa Dara, . . . 225 
BaileNua, . . . .308 
Baire, . . . 42,43,44,45 

Bairre 384 

Baiscne Bodanar . . 62, 63, 67 
Balintimore, .... 97 

Balla, 216 

Ballaghymure, . . .130 
Ballencally, . *. . . 119 
Ballenloghy, . . . .119 
Ballentubber, . . .201, 201, n. 
Ballenvullane, . . .122 

Ballialenthanaue, ... 99 
Balliarde, .... 99 
Ballidwill, Johanne Roch de, . 134 
Ballinard, 99, 100, 102, 123, 394 

Ballina 209, n. 

Ballina-Tirawley, . . . 22, n. 
Balline Mac Craghs, . .115 
Ballinlane, . . . .108 
Ballinshighane, . . .108 
Ballinrobe, 143, n., 216, n., 221, n. 
Ballintober (see Ballintubber'). 

Ballri shine, 
Ballycahane, . 
Ballycattyne, . 
Bally-Island, . 
Ballylenshaghane, . 
Ballylynshighane, . 
Bally-Mac Adame, . 
Bally Mac Crarane, 
Ballymacerewane, . 
Bally m agibbon , 
Ballymodan, . 


. 133 

. 134 


. 21, n. 

. 118 

. 134 

. 121 

48, n, 


. 102 

140, 394, 398 

. 123 

. 140 

. , 26, n. 

. 102 

. 118 

. 106 

168, n. 

95, 98 

. 123 

. 140 

28, n. 

53, n. 


Bally more, . . 54, n. 112, 135 
Ballymote (see Baile-an- Mhotaigh}, 

47, n., 222 

Ballynadlyhy Mill ... 135 
Bally nard, . . ' . 132, 395 
Ballynascreen, 168, n., 169, n., 314 
Bally necurrigg, . . . 112 
Bally nlangy, . . .122 

Ballynytony, . . . 119 

Bally nygorenagh, . . .120 
Ballynygornigh, . . .119 
Bally owrane, . . .126 

Ballyshannon, 237, 240, 253, 258, 263, 
266, 278, 281, 290, 292, 297, 309, 
313, 318 

Bally vatten, . . . .113 
Bally voig, . . . 131 

Bally voige, . . . 116 




Bally willene-oughter, . . 130 

Balthymore, .... 98 

Baltimore, 10, n., 36, ., 52, n., 

54, n., 93, 94, 95, 99, 100, 109, 

143, 143, n., 201, 201, n., 388, 

390, 397, 398, 399 

Baltymore, 101, 103, 105, 107, 123, 


Baltynlgnyn, .... 102 

Banada (see Banned). 

Banagh, . 

Banagh, barony of, 


Banaster, Peregrine, 


307, n. 
. 307 
404, n. 
. 110 
. 113 
. 124 
. 125 
. 119 
260, 313 
24, n. 

107, 109, 110, 

169, n., 293, 313 
162, 163 
207, 207, n. 
. 210 
413, n. 

Bantry, 50, n., 88, 90, 142, 390 
Baptism, remarks on, . 50, n. 

Bards, 71, n. 


Baneshanacloghie, . 


Bangibbon, river, . 


Bandon, 87, 90, 91 , 




abbey of, 


Barnismore, . 

Baron's Court, 

Barr (see Ua Bairr). 



Barry, Nicholas Roy de, 


. 294 
. 162, n. 

. 127 

. 385 

. 385 

142, 228, n. 

Barry's Castle (see Castell Barrye). 
Baryroe, 9 n., 24, n., 53, .. 55, n., 

58, n. 

Bawn, townland of, 







26, n. 

396, 398 

64, 65 


. 129 


Beal-an-atha-Solais, 50, 51, 51, n. 
Beal-atha-buidhe, . 54, 54, n., 55, 
Beal-atha-na.h-Uidhre, 48, 48, n., 49, 
54, 55, 55, n., 87, 92 
Beal-atha-na-Leice, 52, 53, 53, n., 90 
Beal-atha-Seamann, 48, 49, 49, n., 88 

91, 92 

Bealach-Buidhe, ... 320 
Beann Abhaidh, 156, 157, 157, n., 

166, n. 

Beanna-bo, .... 218 
Beann Edair (the Hill of Howth), 


Beann-Fhinn, . . 48, w., 57 

Beann-Finn, . . . . 48, 49 
Beann-Sidhain, . 48, 49, 49, n. 
Beann-t-Sidhain, ... 88 
Beannada, . . . .218 
Beanteeane, . . . 49, n. 

Bearach, ... 64, 65 

Beare, .... 142,390 
Bearehaven, .... 388 
Bearchan, 46, 47, 47, n., 48, 49, 50, 
51, 51, n. 

Bearna-na-Gaeithe, . . 220 

Bearnas, . . 305, 306, 310 

Bearra, . 10, 11, 22,23, 23, n. 

Bearrach, ... 36, 37 

Beecher, Henry, . . 138, 139 
Beghigullane, . . .128 

Beirre (Beare), . . 328, 329 
Belanagare, . . . 358, n. 
Belclare, abbey of, . . 210, n. 

castle of, . . 210, n. 

Belcleare, . . 210, 210, n. 
Belleek, . . .175, 226 




Belleville, . . . .313 
Bellishannon, , . .293 

Benburb, .... 297 

Bermingham, . . 216, n. 

Bessy Bell, . . 159, n., 163, n. 
Bile, 360, 361, 361, n., 362, 363, 364, 


Billiragh, . . . .122 
Binghams, pedigree of, . 228, 229 
Binneach Beag, . . 42, 43 
Birr, . . . .20, n., 385 
Bishop, .... 409, n. 
Bishops, ... 46, 47 

Blacar, . . . . 162, n. 
Blackwater, 239, 253, 255, 260, 293, 
297, 313 


Bodley, Sir Josias, 

. 297 
61, n. 
38, 39 
34, 35 
. 114 
. 124 
. 131 
. 296, 309 
Boinn, 356, 356, n., 357, 358, 359 
Bollandists, . . . 31, n. 

Bollynagh, . . . .132 
Book of Dues, . 22, 23, 23, n. 

Boroimhe, Brian, 155, n., 161? n., 
163, n., 164, 7i., 412, n. 
198, 198, n. 
. 189 
. 197, 211 
Bourke, Edmond, . . .193 

Edmond Kerraghe, 193, 199 

Moyler Og, . 193, 202 

Kyccard, or Riccard, 193, 

194, 802 

Thomas Roe, . . 191 

Walter Kittaghe, , 199 


(see Burke,') 

Bourkes of Mayo, 

190, n. 


Boyle (the river,) see Buille. 

, 27, ., 28, n., 171, n., 204, 

205, n., 222, 225 

Boyne, (see Boinn) . 7, n., 29, n. 

Braalieu (see Braidshliabli). 





Braidshliabh, . 

Brasborne, Richard, 



32, 33 

. 32, 33, 384 
44, 45, 48, 49 
18, 19, 46, 47, 56, 57 
. 218 

27, n. 
168, n. 

Breagh, 26, 27, 76, 77, 154, 155, 
155, n., 358, 359 

Breaghnyagh, . . .133 

Breasal, . 36, 37, 42, 43, 44, 45 

Breatain-Leatha, . . 6, 7, 7, n. 
Bredach Glyn, . . 168, n. 
Brees, .... 227 

Brehons, .... 82 

Brehon lands, . . . 84 

Breifne, . 218, 220, 221, 321 

Ui Ruairc, . . 223 

Bremingham, Lord, . 198, 200 

Breogan, 24, 25, 56, 57, 57, n., 360, 

361, 361, n. 

Breslean, .... 384 

Brian (Catha-an-Duin), 81, 146, 147, 

150, 151, 154, 155, 156, 157, 

181, 182 

Brighid Cill-Dara, 

festival of, 






Brusbone, Richard, 

Broad Haven, 

26, 27 

173, n. 


44, 45. 384 



36, 37 

18, 19 


306, n. 

Broadhaven (see Inbhirmor}. 



Broad Strand, . . 92 

Brocan, ... 64, 65 

Brodchu, .... 384 
Broderick, Broder (see O'Bruadair"). 
Bryan (see Brian). 
Buaig (see Ua Buadhaig}. 

Buille, river 310 

Monastery of, . . 320 

Burndennet, . . . .313 
Bundrones, . . 204, 204, n. 
Bungall, . . 114,115,128 
Bunlick, .... 394 
Burnderrys (see Mac Devitts). 
Burn-Dennet (see Dianaif). 
Burke, Richard Og, . . 227 
Edmond Kirraghe, 203, 203, n. 





Byrne, Daniel, 





200, n., 213, n. 
. 110 
134, 136 
. Ill 
. 228 
. 110 
. 124 
. 118 


Cachnae, ... 64, 65 

Cadan 28, 29 

Gael, .... 28, 29 

Cael-Uisce, . 175, 176, 177, 178 

Caeilte, son of Ronan, . . 6, n. 

Caela Righ-dhearc, . . 60, 61 

Caharagh, . . . 125, 142 

Cahir, 114 

Cahirbeg, . . . .122 

Cahirgall, . . . .119 

Cahir-Iconway, . . . 121 

Cahir-Icrowley, . . .129 

Cahirrelleckine, . ] 15 

, battle of, 


164, 165 
. 174 
36, 37 
36, 37 
60, 61 

Cain, .... 
Cain Meine, 
Cairbre, 36, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 46, 47, 
60, 61, 81, 84, 142, 218 
Cairbre Aebhdha, . . .142 

Beag, . . 40, 41 

Cliach, . . 40, 51 

Crom, . . 40, 41 

na Coradh, . . 80 

Liathan, . . 38, 39 

Liffeachair, 6, n., 373, n. 

Mor inae Eochaidh, 40, 41 

Nia Nair, 

60, 61 
58, 59 
142, 143 
38, 39 
23, n. 

Cairbreach, Domhnall, 
Cairneach Mael, 
Cairneach (see Aedh Cleireach). 
Caisbhearna, . 160, 160, n., 161 
Caiseal, 26, n., 70, 71, 148, n., 148, 
149, 356, 357 
Clmirc, 161, 161, 161, n. 





Caithir, . 



Calebeg, 4 

. 215 

. 308 

. 216 


28, 29 

62, 63 

42, 43 

306, n., 307 

Callaghe, . . 199, 199, n. 

Callan, .... 143, n. 
Callann's Mountain, (see Sliabh 

Callainn), . . . .314 
Callan, river, . . 166, n. 

Calraidhe, 23, 25, 26, 26, n., 27, 28 

29, 30, n., 70, 71, 80 

Calraidhe-an-Chaladh, 26, 26, n., 27 

Cuile, 30, 31 




Callary-Ightraghe, . . 115 

Callry-Voghtragh, . . .115 
Calraidhe of Breagh-Maine. 

of Brigh Leith, 26, w., 

27, n. 

of Caladh, . . 61 

of Corann, 26, 27, 27, n. 

of Cuil-Chearna, 26, 27 

Cuil-Chearrnadha, 27, n. 

Innse Nisc (or of Inis 

Nisc), 7, 26, 27, 27, n., 30, 31, 
31, n. 

Luirg, . 26, 27, 27, n. 

of Loch Gill, . 28, n. 

of Magh-h-Eileag, 30, n. 

of Magh Muirisc in Ui 

Amhalghadha, ... 67 

of the Three Plains, 

26, 27, 27, n. 

Cambrensis E versus, . 58, n. 

Cam-chosach (i.e. bandy-legged), 

15, n. 

Campbels (Mac Cathlin, or Mac 
Ailin), ancestor (see those names), 

5, n. 

Cannagh, . . . .129 

Cape Cleire, or Cleare, 20, n., 94, 

99, 100, 103, 110, 112, 119, 130, 

143, 381, 384, 386, 393, 399 

Cappine, . . . .130 

Cappynobohy, . . . 119 

Carbry, 9, n., 10, n., 23, n., 28, n., 

49, n., 51, n., 139, 142, 387, 390, 

394, 399, 402, n. 

Carey, Sir George, . 278 

Cargan, . . 251,252,309 

Carndonagh, . . 146, n., 147, n. 
Cam Mail, . 6, 7, 7, w., 66, 67 
Cam Meadhbha, . . 170, n. 
Carnebegg-Cnoriske, . . 115 
Carnn Luigheach, . . 66, 67 

Cam Lughaidh, . 66, 67, 68, 69 

Carty, Teige Mac Cormick, 113, 134, 








Carraig Fearghusa, 


Carraigin Indolaigh, 









Carrigulihy, . 

Carrowalder, . 

Carrowcloghaghe, . 




Cas (see O'Cuis). 

Cascraidhe, . . . . 8, 9 

Cashel, . . 31, n., 227, 357, n. 

Cashel (see Caiseal). 

Cashel of Munster (see Caiseal 


Castlebar, . . 228, 228, n. 
Castlebar. See Barry's Castle. 
Castle Barrye, . 193, 193, n., 203 

Castlebeg, . . . .247 
Castleconneli, . . .397 

Castlederg, . 251, 256, 309, 312 
Castlederg see Caislean-na-deirge). 




Castledonnyvane, . . .117 
Castle Fyn, . . . 246,307 
Castlefarm, .... 398 
Castleforward, . . .309 
Castle-haven, 11, n., 51, n., 49, w., 
87, 88, 143, 387, 388, 396 
Castle Hill, . . . 209, n. 
Castelloghe, . . . .208 
Castlemore, 208, 208, n., 209, 134 
Castlemore-Costello, 208, n., 224 
Castlenard, .... 109 
Castell Ne Callye, . 194, 195, 196, 

194, n. 

Castle-ni-Park, . . .396 
Castle- quarter (see Dun Neill). 
Cashill-Tain, . . . .115 
Castle Town, . . . .393 
Castle Ventry, ... 87 
Caaorna (see Caisbhearna). 
Cathal, . . . 81, 171, n. 

Crobh-dhearg O'Conchobhair, 

150, 7i., 176 

Cathaeir, . . .80,81,84 
Cathal Dubh, . . . 81, 84 

of the Rock, . . 81 

Og, . . . 81. 84, 301 

Og Mac Clanchy, death of, 


Og Mac Diarmuid, . 311 

Cathalan, . . 62, 63, 64, 65 
Cathan, . . 62, 63, 64, 65 

Catharnach, ... 64, 65 

Cathusan, . . . 18, 19 

Cathasach, . . . 64, 65 

Cathair Corcrain, . . . 215 

Durlais, . . 46, n. 

Cathbhadh, . . 32, 33, 38, 39 
Cahir (co. of Tipperary), . 4, n. 
Cathna, . . . 10, 11, 44, 45 
Cathra, . . . . 18, 19 

Cavan, county of, . . .174 
Cavanteely, . . . .228 


Cane Ballagh Mac Rickard, . 313 
Ceallach, . 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49 

Ceallachan, . . 160, 161, 161, n. 
Cealtchar, ... 62, 63 

Ceangail (see Ua Aingle). 
Ceanncoradh, , 160, 161, 161, n. 

Ceannfoda, ... 32, 33 

Ceannfaeladh, . . 64, 65 

Ceannfeabhradh, battle of, . 4, n. 
Ceann-raara, 32, 33, 48, 49, 49, n., 
50, 51,51,7*., 88, 89 
Ceannmuscraidhe, . . 32, 33 

Cearmad, 64, 65, 360, 361, 362, 
362, TZ,, 363, 364, 365 
Cearbhall, . 406, 406, n., 407, 

King of Leinster, 160, n. 

Cearndach, ... 36, 37 

Cearndraidh Teamhrach, . 10 
Ceardraich of Teamhair. See 

Ceardraidh Teamhrach. 
Cearra (Carra), . . 190, n. 
Ceithirchidhna, . . 38, 39 

Charle Mounte, ... 260 
Charlemont Castle, . . 313 

Church Island, . . . 28, n. 
Churchtown, .... 307 
Chichester, Sir Arthur . . 260 
Cian, 26, n., 168, 168, n., 169, 384 
Cian, plain of, . . 344, 345 
Cianachta, . . . 165, n. 

Ciaran, 22, 23 

Ciaran of Saighir, . . . 20, 21 

Birth-place of, . . 20, 21 

Ciarraidhe, . . . . 22, 33 
Ciarmhac, . . . . 10, 11 
Cill-Chiarain, . . . . 22, n. 
Cill-dara, . 172, 173 

Cill-Fhearga, .... 80 
Cill Finnabhrach, . . 141, n. 
Cill-Liadhain, . . . . 20, n. 
Cill Mhic Duach, . . 141, n. 
Cill Mic Neanain, 176 



Cill-Ronain, . 

. 18, 19 
. 218 
. 46, n. 
. 318 
. 38, 39 

Conaill, 160, n., 167, n., 175, 


Eoghaiu, 154,n., 158,n., 160,w., 

170, n., 172, 174, 179, 181 
- Maithne, . . . 18, 19 

Moen, . . 167, n. 

Cirb, . 40, 41 

Clainekenely, . 
Clanbrassel, . 
Clan-Cahill, . 
Clancares, Earle of, 
Clangibbons, . 
Clanloghlen, . 
Clann Aedha, 
Aedh Bhuidhe, 

. 119 
405, n. 
. 131 

54, n., 117, 395 
209, 209, n. 
. 387 
. 395 
. 126 
. 132 
107, 197, n. 
209, w. 
. 119 
. 227 
. 12, 13 
172, n. 








12, 13 
169, n. 

405, 405, 405, n. 
10, 11 
. 223 
Domhnaill Galloglach, 

216, 217, 220 
10, 11 
. 141 
10, 11 
12, 13 
352, 353 





an Ghascunaiglj, 

Jtha, . 

Clann Intogha, 





Clanna Mileadh, 


. 10, 11 
12, 13 

. 223 
10, 11 

. 2,n. 

Clanna Neimhidh race of Neimlridh), 


Clannaboy, (see Clann Aedh 


Clanndonnells, 192, 192, n., 197 
Clanne-Enesles, . . .118 
Clanowen, . .194, 194, n., 195 
Clanrickarde, . . 200, 201, 297 
Clanteige-Eillen, . . 123, 124 
Clare, . . 82, 137, 161, n., 215 

Clay, 99 

Clare Island (see Cape Cleire). 90 
Cliach, ... 40, 40, n., 41 
Cliach-an-mhagh, . 40, 41, 41, n. 
Clidugh, . . . .139 

Cloghane-Iculline, . .115 

Cloghbwoly, . . . ..124 
Clogher, . . 263, 300, 313 

Cloghine, . . . .114 
Cloghvodowny, . . . 113 
Clonakilty, 24. n., 53, n., 55, n., 87, 
90, 91,92, 398 

Clonayregge, . . .130 

Clondermot, . 309, 408, ., 

Clonecallybeg, . . .122 
Clonegan, . . . ; 99 
Clonegon, . . . . 108 
Clonfeacle (see Cluain Fiachna). 
Clonkeene, . . . .126 
Clonleigh, . 301, n., 302, n. 313 
Clonlonan, . . . 26, n. 

Clonmacnoise (see Cluain-mic- 


Clonnegoy, .... 102 
Cloona-Castle, . . 22, n. 

Cloonagaskel (see CuiI-na-g~Caisil). 



Clooneen (see Cluainin). 
Clooney (see Cluaine). 
Cloonoan (see Cluain Dubhain*). 
Clontarf (see Cluain- Tarbh). 
Clossyfry, . . . 122 


. 126 
. 101 
350, n. 
54, 55, 92 
. 215 
29, n. 
. 175 
350, n. 

Tarbh, 163, n., 164, n., 412, 

. 406, 407 
. 114 
221, 221, n. 
60, 60. n., 61 
64, 65 
. 136 
. 113 


da-Mhael, . 




Mic Nois, . 

Cluaine, . 

Cluanedirrin, . 

Cluainin, . 

Cluithrin Cliach, 



Cluoncuouse, . 

Cluoynebuogge, . . . 114 

Clyre, 102 

Cnoc Aine, . 40, n. 

Buidhbh, ... 308 

Finn, .... 87 

Kaffonn, . . . 142 

Tuagh, . . . 191, n. 

Cnockduffe, .... 121 
Cnockane-Eaden, . . . 113 
Cnocken, .... 121 
Cnockmuckyfynny, . . 113 
Cnocknygappall, . .113, 135 
Cnocpoge, . . . .114 
Cnocks, . . . .114, 136 
Cnockvollytaggart, . . 394 

Cobchan, . . . 18, 19 

Cobdan, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 56, 

Cobha, . . . . , 164, 165 


Cobhthach, 9, n., 10, n., 24, 25, 26, 
Codfach, ... 44, 45 

27, 58, 59, 143, n., 353, n. 
Coelmackatren, . . 251,253 
Cofley, . . . . 143. n. 
Coghlane, John . . . 395 
Coibhdeanach, . . 18, 19 

Coinchinn, ... 32, 33 

Coinchinne, ... 38, 39 

Coir Anmann, . . 76, 77 

Coin Shliabh, 154, 155, 162, 163, 
224, 310, 319, 32 

Shliabh-na-Seaghsa, . 319 

CoisMaighe, . . . .142 
Colambkille, . . . .321 
Colgan, . . . 22, n., 23, n. 
Collooney (see Cut Maiele). 
Collybegg, . . .116, 143 
Collymore, 86, n., 99, 100, 101, 105, 
106, 107, 122, 125, 143, 341, n., 
342, n., 348, n., 386, 395 
Colman, . . 18, 19, 36, 37, 38, 39 
Colum, . . . 16, 17, 18, 19 
Combruit, . . . 18, 19 

Comenyteady, . . .102 

Commerffoorde, Gerralde, . 198 
Congbhail, . . . .176 
Connad of Cillen, . . 58, 59 

Con Mac Cahir, . . .135 
Connell Mageoghegan, . 358, n. 
Coolavin, . . . 208, n. 
Coolavin (see Cuil-O-bh-Finn'). 
Cooley (see Cuailgne'). 
Cooley (see O'Cuile). 
Coolmackatren, . . .309 
Coolcarney, . . . 27, n. 

Coolemeany, . . . .113 
Coolesynagh, . . . .112 
Coolenypisse, . . . 113 

Coolenagarrane, . . .124 
Coonagh, . . . 41, n. 

Coorlomaine, . . . .113 




Conaire Mor, . . . 9, n. 

Conaire's field, . . 207, n. 

Conall, 5, n., 18, 19, 20, 21, 21, 

n., 22, 23, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36, 

37, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 80 

Cearnach. 60, 61, 372, 372, n., 


Claen, 22, 23, 24, 25, 32, 33, 

34, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 
46, 47, 58, 59 

Finn, . . 34. 35 

Gulban, 374, n., 374, 375 

Concaing, . 164, n., 164, 165 

Concobhar, 12, 13, 14, 15, 42, 43, 44, 

45, 58, 59, 86, 160, 101, 161, n., 

170, 171 



167, n. 

168, n. 
24, 25 
44, 45 

305, n. 
. 28, n, 220 
64, 65 

38, 39, 42, 43 
46, 47, 48, 49 
26, n. 

Conda Cilline, 




Congealtach," . 



Conmhaicne, . 

Conmaicne -Kein, 

Connacht, 23, n., 26, 27, 70, 71, 137, 
150, n., 153, n., 160, 161, 170, 
170, n., 171, 171, n., 176, 201, 
214, 215, 218, 224, 227, 249, 297, 
301, 318, 318, 319, 320, 322, 
353, n., 375, w., 404, 405 

Conn, 152, 153, 153, n., 164, 165, 
168, 169, 170, 171 

Ceadcathaeh, . 171, n. 

Connach Cilline, . . 34, 35 

Connell, Cahir Mac, . . 193 

Connymurr, . . . .116 

Coppinger, Walter, 101, 103, 108, 
109, 390 

Corann, . . . 141,318,319 


Corbmac, .... 83 

Corby (see O'Corrbuidhe). 

Corcach, . 356, n., 356, 357, 

Corcaguiny, . . . . 25, n. 

Corca-Laidhe, 2, n., 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, n., 
22, 23, 24, 25, 31, n., 30, 31, 42, 
43, 43, n., 44, 45, 48, 49, 57, n., 70, 
71, 86, 87, 88, 141, 142, 143, 329, n., 
342, 342, ., 343, 356, 357, 358, w., 
384, 385 

Modhruaidh, . 141, n. 

Oirche, . . 70, 71 

Corcomroe, . . . 352, n. 

Cork, 20, H., 23, n., 24, n., 32, n., 
36, n., 43, n., 47, n., 50, n., 54, n t , 
93, 98, 100, 101, 108, 109, 110, 
111, 111, w., 112, 136, 138, 139, 
142, 209, n., 359, .. 386, 393, 394, 
397, 398, 400 

Cormac, 18, 19, 28, 29, 38, 39, 60, 
61, 80, 170, 171, 171, n. 

Mac Airt, . . 4, n. 

Mac Baron, . . 309 

Mac Baron, . . 255 

Gas, . . 5, n. 



Mac Diarmada, 
- Gott, 

Cormick (see O'Cormaic). 

Corofin, .... 

Corr (see O'CWra). 

Corran, . 


Corrowrane, . 




in the Deise, 

. 385 
. 13, n. 
171, n. 
. 142 

194, n. 

27, u., 222 

. 124 

. 133 

. 125 


30, 31 

. 31, n. 

Coshma (see Cois Maighe). 
Costello (see Mac Costelloghe, 




CosteUo, . . .208, n.,225 
Costelloghe, barony of, . . 209 
Cothbuidhe, . . . 88,385 
Mhor 5 n 


Cross, first believers in the . 22, 23 
Crossmolina, .... 30, n. 
Crowley, Teige Og . .134 
CruarhaTi 17fl 171 171 n 

Count Mac Carthy, . 143, n. 
Coursie, Lord, . . . 388 
Court-Mac-Sherry, . . 87 
Cowervickgullykeagh, . . 125 
Cowreneiller, . . .124 

Cruachan-Lighean, 301, 301, n., 
Cruachain-Aei, 358, 359, 359, n. 
Cruithean-tuaith, . 24, 25. 25, n. 
Cruithre, . . . . 36, 37 

Crabfish hill (see Ard-na-b-partan). 
Craeibh, 404, n., 404, 405, 414, 415 
Craebh Ruadh, . . 162, w. 

Crunnluachra, .. . . 80 
Crunnmhael, . . . . 34, 35 
Cryhagh, . . . ,102 

Tulcha, . . 158, n. 
Craig-liaithe, . . 412, n. 
Crannog-na-n-Duini, . . 322 
Creadrancille, . . 175 176 

Cu, . . 372, 372, n., 373 
Cuana, 18, 19 
Cuana-mac-Cailchinni . , 325 
Cuan, 34, 35 

Creagh, . 123, 139, 143, 384 
Court, . . .398 
Credan (see 0' Credciin) 

Dor, (see West of Dor}, 51, n., 
379, n., 385 
Suilighe 223 

Cree, .... 140 
Creevelea, . . 84 

Cuailgne (Cooley), . . . 7, n. 
Cu-airge, . . . , 40, 41 

Creggine, . . ' 114 

allaich, . . . . 34, 35 

Crewe, . . . 158, w. 
Cribage, . . . .100 
Crich Baiscinn, . . 60, 61 
Cualann, 70 71 

cornael, . . . . 34, 35 
Duiligh, . . . . 34, 35 
Fhairge, . . . . 40, 41 

, Fiachrach, . . 60 61 

Mumhan, . . . . 8, n. 

Mqirp fiO fil 

TJladh O'h-Anluain 168 169 

na-n-airthear. . 169, n. 
Criggantra, . . . .120 
Crimhthan, ... 42, 43 
Crimthan's plain, . . 352, 353 
Crithidh, ... 38, 39 
Croaghan, . . . 301. w. 
Cromleach, . . . 25, n. 
Cromwell, .... 92 
Cron, Shaine, . . .261 
Cronin (see O'Croinin). 
Captain, . . .397 
Crooke, Thomas, 99, 107, 108, 109, 
Crookehaven, . . .115, 400 

169, n. 
Cuaingle, . . . . 40, 41 
Cualann, . , . 8, 9 
Cuchullainn, . . . 375, n. 
Cuchoingealta, . . .384 
Cuchoingeilt, . . .36, 37 
Cudamhna, . . . . 16, 17 
Cuileannan, .... 44, 45 
Cuil-Cearnadha, . 30, 30, n., 31 
mor, . . 297, 323, 324 
na-g-Caisil, . 22 1 , 22 1 , n . 
Cuil O'bh-Finn, . . .320 
Cuinn, Nia, . . . 60, 61 
Culdees, 310 



Culenypisse . . . .135 

Cullagh, 125 

Cullane, . , . . .120 
Cullen (see O'Cuilm.) 
Cullenagh, . . . .126 
Cullenan, (see 0' Cuiileannain.) 
Cul-Maeile, . . . 218, 225 
Culmore, 237, 238, 247, 295, 312 

Cuoscronyne, . . . 119 

Curraghalickey, . . 91, 117 
Curdin, (see O'Cerdin.) 
Curlewes, . 205, n., 206, 208 
Curliewhills (see Coirrshliabh.) 
Currny Comnerty, . . .121 
Curronea, . . . .124 
Currybegg, . . . .116 
Curry crolly, . . . .122 
Curry drinagh, . . .128 
Currygulligan, . . . 113 
Curry gyllygane, . . .135 
Curry-Mac-Teige, . . .123 
Curry, Corory, Cory, Corry, &c. 

(see O'Comhraidhe}. 
Curtynvoher, . . .102 

Cwd-Ihye, .... 106 


Dail, river .... 303 

Daimhinis . 33, n., 179, 318 

Daire, 5, n., 6, 7, 8, 9, 32, 33, 68, 69, 

71, 72, 73, 76, 77 

Daire, Dearg, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65 
Daire Daimhtheach, . . 4, n. 

Doimthigh, . . .76, 77 

Doimtheach, ... 80 

Sirchreachtach, 4, n., 4, 5, 7, n., 

8, 9, 24, 25, 56, 57, 66, 67 
Dairine, . 4, 5, 5, n., 141, 142 
, generation of, to Oilill 

Olum, . . . . 5, n. 

Dairhme's ridge, . . 159, n. 


Daisene, . . . . 36, 37 

Dale-bum, . . . 303, n. 
Dal-Cais, . . . 412, r n. 

Mescorb, 30, 31, 31, n. 70, 71, 76, 


Mesincorb (see Dal-Mes- 
corb,') 8, 9 

Dalian, ... 62, 63, 64, 65 
Dan-an-oir, . . . .214 
Danes, 88, 147, ., 152, n., 162, n. 
Danesfort (see Dunfeart.} 
Daniel, . . . . 30, 31 

Danish women, . . .12, 13 
Darragrae, . . . .129 
Dartraidhe, 6, 7, 7, n., 28, 28, n., 29, 
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 218 
Dartry (see Dartraidhe.} 
Dathe (King) . . . 4, n. 

Deachmaic, .... 40, 41 
Deach.Nia, . . . . 60, 61 
Deadhmannra, . . . 56, 57 
Deady's Dun (see Dun~Deide.) 
Deaghmanrach, . . .24, 25 
Deagha Dearg, . . .56, 57 
Deamhan-an-Chorrain, 215, 217, 221, 


Deargrath (Derrygrath), . 4, w. 
Dearmaid, . . . . 64, 65 
Deasmhumhan (Desmond) . 13, n. 
Debts, mode of recovery of . 32, n. 
Decies inJWaterford (Deise), . 31, n. 

Deise, 30, 31 

Mumhan . . . 8, 9 

Deirgtheneadh, 4, n., 5, n., 6, 7, 7, n., 

Deirgthine, generation of to 

Oilill Olum, . . . 5, n. 

Denmark (see Lochlann.} 

Derde, 34, 35 

Derkan (see O'Dearcain.} 

Dermott, Margaret ny, . . 109 

Derg-dhearc, . . 60, 61, 61, n. 



Dergthenedh, . . .56, 57 

Derry, 136, 168, n., 173, n., 174, 229, 

253, 254, 257, 259, 260, 265, 266, 

277, 279, 280, 282, 283, 296, 301, n., 

308, 322, 323, 324 

(see Doire). 

Derryvanten, . 
Dervilia (see Dirlhail) 
Desies (see JDme), 
Desmond, 143, ., 105, 




Devany (see O'Duimheamhna) . 
Devenish, Walter, (see Daimh- 

"*) 93, 96 

Devlin (see O'Dobhailen). 
Diarmaid, 12, 13, 13, n., 42, 43, 61, 
63, 81, 170, 171, 385 

, Dubh, ... 80 

, Eachtach, . . 12, 13 

, Mac Lochlainn, 170, n. 
, of Achadh Con- 

mhaic, . . . . 58, 59 

Dianait, .... 308, 313 
Dillon, Thomas, . . 198, 200 
Dimsach, . . . . 18, 19 
Dineascach, . . . . 36, 37 
Dineartach, . . . . 34, 35 
Dinneen (see Ua Duinin'). 
Dirbhail, . . 14, 15, 15, n. 

Dirry, 118 

Dirryclohagh. Ightragh, . . 118 
Dirry grea, . . . .117 
Dirryliegh, . . . .127 
Diseart Doire Chalgaigh, 173, n. 

DivelFs Hook. 20, n., 193, n., 193 
Dluthach, . . . . 40, 41 
Dobbyn, Pierse, . . .94, 95 
Doire (see Derry}, . . . 7, n. 

Chalgaigh, . . 172, 173 

Choluim Cille, . . 297 

Doheny (see O ' Dubhchonna) . 
Doighre Dart, ... 80 


Dolly, Sawny, . . .106 

Domhnall, 14, 15, 58, 59, 83, 155, n., 

164, 165, 166, 167, 172, 172, n., 

173, 406, 407 

an-Chogaidh, . .217 

Carrach, . . 12, 13 

daughter of, 366, 366, n., 


'ac Eidigh, . . 50, n. 

God, . . 143, n. 

Gorm, . . .217 

Og, 172, n. 

Mac Eothaidh (Daniel, 

son of Fathaidh, . . 8, 9 

Mac Lochlainn, . 174 

Og, . . . . 12, 13 

Donaghedy, . . . 308, 313 

Donegal, 29, n., 99, 100, 102, 110, 1 12, 

113, 123, 136, 139, 146, n., 158, n., 

168, n., 204,n., 290, 294, 298, 301, n., 

307, 307 n., 308, 309, 310, 358, n.,, 

362, n., 383 

(see Dun-na-n-gall). 



Donhill, baron of 

164, n. 
Ill, 393 

253, 260, 264, 313 

. 388 

259, 275, 313 


Donnchadh, 12, 13, 64, 65, 164, 165, 

406, 407 




. 14, 15 

. 14, 15 

of Daingean, . 58, 59 

Got, 12, 13, 14, 15, 56, 

57, 386 

Mor, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 

15, 56, 57, 58, 59 

Mor Mac Eathaidh 12, 13 

na Ratha, . . 14, 15 




Donlevy Mac Cann (see Donnsleibhe 

Mac Cana. 

Donnell Gorum, his death, . 212 
Donnelly (see O'Donaghaile). 
Donneling, .... 388 
Donnghal, . . 9, n.. 44, 45 
Donnghal, . 32, 33, 56, 57, 384 
Donnghalach, . 62, 63, 64, 65 

Donnghus, . . 9, n., 36, 37 
Donnsleibhe Mac Cana, 168, 169, 

169, n. 

Donovan, Captain Teige, . 397 
Donovane, Jeremy, . . 140 
Doogan and Duggan (see 


Doolig, ..... 89 
Doon, rock of, ... 317 

Doonnemonie, . 190, 190, w, 

Doorty (see CfDuibharda). 
Dooyearma (see O'Duibhdhirma). 
Dor, . . , 32, 32, n., 33 
- brethren of, . . . 33, n. 
Dorc, . . . 46,47,48,49 
Dowdall (see O'Dubh-da-leithe}. 
Dowling, or Doolin (see O'Dunlaing}. 
Down, 148, w., 150. n., 159, n., 

406, n. 

Down (see Dun). 
Downe-Dalehglass, . 
Downebeaton, . 

Downedanier, . 

Downekelly, . . 
Downeloghy, . 

Downelong, . . 

. 114 
. 113 
103, 136 
. 114 

Downemeamis, . . 
Downes (see Ua Dubhain). 
Downey, Denny (see O'Duna- 


Downeysheade, 100, 102, 105, 107, 


Downing, . . . 228, n. 
Downing (see Ua Duinin). 


Downinglonge, . . . 138 
Downpatrick, t . 148, n. 

Downpatrick (see Dun-da-leath- 


Downylonge, . . 100, 102, 108 
Downyshed, .... 99 
Downyne, . . . . 113 
Draperstown Cross, . .174 
Drinagh, .... 91 

Driscoll, .... 400 

Catherine, . .136 

Daniell Mac Dermodie, 394 

Donogh Mac Daniell, 394 

Manan Mac Teige Mac 

Dermodie, .... 394 
Drishane, 99, 102, 115, 344, 395 

Begg, . . 99, 100 

Mor, . . 99, 100 

Drlshen, .... 99 

Drissane, . . . .118 

Drissanemore, . . .122 
Drissanye, . . . .118 
Drobhaeis, 204, n., 218, 219, 224, 


Drobhaeis (see Drowi&). 
Droichead-Locha-h-Irnchada, 38, n., 


Droine-Cwoarchie, . .126 

Dromahaire (see Druim-da-ethiar}. 
Dromaleague, . 50, n., 53, n. 


Dromeinagh, . 
Dromeleary, . 
Dromereogh, . 
Dromdearg, battle of, 
Dromgarduffe, . 
Drommegg, , , 
Dromnalieagh, . 
Dromnegarruffe, West, 




Dromneosta, . 




Dromullihy, . 

Dromynyne, . 



Druimsuileach , 


Druim Cholpa, 





. . 117 
. 125 
. 124 
. 129 
. 120 
. 134 

. 26, n. 
28, 28, n., 29 
28, 29, 29. n. 
. 338, 339 
. 218, 321 
302, n. 

190, n., 221, n. 

Drum-Snat (see Druimsneachta). 
Drumcliff, . . . .176 
Druith Nia, . . 60, 61, 62, 63 
Dryshen, .... 100 
Duach, 8, 9, 18, 19, 24, 25. 32, 33, 
38, 39, 44, 45, 46, 47, 58, 59 

Duach Ui Conaill, 
Duane (see Ua Dubhain). 
Dubh, river, . 
Dubhdaire, . 
Dubhdalethe, . 
Dubhleanna, . 


. 218, 310 
40, 41 
40,- 41 
44, 45 
40, 41 
18, 19 
36, 37 

44, 45, 64, 65 
Dublin, 11, n., 160, w., 183, n., 197 
213, 237, 239, 243, 266, 278, 284, 
325, 357, n , 396 (see Ath-CUath). 
Dun, 44, 45, 47, w., 148, 149, 150, 
151, 152, 153, 156, 157, 158, 159, 
160, 161, 164, 165, 180 
Dunchadh, . . . 34,35 

Dun-Aille, . . . .319 
Dun-an-oir, . . . .143 
Dun-Baei, . . . 358, n. 
Dun Cairbre, .... 82 


Dun-Cealtair, . . 147, n. 

Dun-da-leath-ghlas, . 147, n. 

Dun-da-leath-ghlas, 154, n., 164, 165, 

173, w., 180, 182 

Dun-Deide, 52, n., 52, 53, 90, 385 
Dun-droma-Dairinne, . 158, 159, 

159, n. 

Dun-Eadain (see Eadain). 
Dun-Eoghain, 52, 53, 53, n., 90 

Dun-Eochair Mhaighe, . . 4, n. 
Dun-feart, . . . 412, n. 
Dun-g-Claire, . . . 4, n. 

Dun-Geimhin, . . 415, w. 
Dun-Innse-an-Duine, . . 385 
Dun-mic-Tomain, . . . 383 
53, n., 55, n., 59, n. 
Dun-na-Bhfearta, . . 412, 413 
Dun-na-Chearra, . . 412, n. 
Dun-na-mona, . 221, 221, n. 

Dun-na-n-eigeas, . 70, n., 70, 71 
Dun-na-n.gall, 143, 143, n., 305, 306, 
307, 311,319,385 

Dun-na-Sead, 52, n., 143, n., 201, n., 


Dun-Neill, . . 306, 306, n. 

Dun-Padruig, . . 148, n. 

Dun Ui Chobhthaigh, . . 9, n. 
Dun Urlaing, . . . 385 

Dunally (see Dun-Aille). 
Dunamona (see Dun-na-mona). 
Dunamona (see Doonnemonie). 
Dunamone, . . . . 20, n. 
Dunbeacon Castle, . . .399 
Dunboy, . 357, n., 388, 399 

Dunboy (see Dun Baei). 
Dundeady (see Dun-Deide). 
Dundrum, . . . 159, w. 
Dunenaghead, . . . 140 

Duneen, ..... 59, n. 

Dunelong, . 241, 247, 297, 298, 

381, w. 
Dungannon, . . . 263, 107 



Dungannon (see Dongannori). 
Dunganon, . . . .135 
Dungarbry (see Dun Cairbre). 

castle of, . . 82 

Dungiven (see Dun Geimhiri). 
Dungiven (see Dongeviri). 
Dungivin, . . . 166, n. 
Dunghalach Deabhthaen, . 7, n. 
Dunghalach, 6, 7, 9, n., 18, 19, 34, 
35, 48, 49, 58, 59 

Dungorley, . . . . 59, n. 

Dunlang, 10, 11, 28, 29, 44, 45, 46, 

47,48, 49, 80, 384, 412, 412, n., 


Dunglms, . . 44, 45, 46, 47 
Dunnagall, . 255, 256, 257, 310 
Dunmanway, .... 54, n. 
Dunmore, .... 224 

Conmhaicne, of, . 224 

Dunneill, . . . 306, n. 
Dunore, . . . . 59, n. 

Dunowen, . . . . 59, . 
Dunowen (see Dun Eoghairi). 
Dunworly, . , 55, n., 59. n. 
Durk and Dark (see Ua Dairc). 
Durlas Cathair, . . 46, 47 
Durrindangen . . .123 

Burns, . . . .142 

Durryhynane, . . .133 

Dursey Island, . , 358, n. 
Button, Captaine, . . . 259 
Dwagh, . . . .115 

Dwan (see Ua Dubhain). 
DwffYeeks, .... 106 


Eachmarcach, 164, 165, 166, n., 406, 
406, w., 407, 408, 408, n., 409 
Eadain, . . . 66, 66, n., 67 
Eadamhon, . . 5, n,, 56, 57 
Eaddencurry, . . . . 131 
Eamhain, 156, 157, 168, 169, 169, n. 


Eamhain, soldiers of, . 157, n. 

, Macha, 150, n., 170, 171 

Eanach Duin, . . 141, n. 

Eanna, . . 18, 19, 22, 23, 46, 47 

Coilchene, . . . 38, 39 

Earc, his death, . . . 60, 61 
Earc-mor, ..* . . . 60, 61 
Earne, .... 203, 205 
Eas-dara, .... 320 
East Meath, . . . . 26, n. 
Edmond Laidir, . . 170, n. 
Eibhear, Race of, 6, 7, 352, 352, n., 
353, 358, n. 

Eichin, 42, 43 

Eidersceol, 10, 11, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21,n., 
44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49 

, Ciaran's prediction 

to the progeny of . . 20, 21 

Mac Finn, . .10,11 

Eile, 60,61 

Eilltene, 16, 17 

Eimhine, . . 18, 19, 38, 39 
Eimindre, . . . 38, 39 
Eire, saints of, ... 22, 23 
Eireamhon, .... 56, 57 
Isle of, . . .325 
progeny of, 352, 353, 353,w. 
the lace of, . . 6, 7. 
Eirne, . . . 217, 218, 310 
Eithleann, . . . . 24, 25 
Elizabeth, her reign . . 82 
Ellagh (see Aileach). 
Ellen, daughter of, . 350, n. 
Ellogh, .... 237, 296 
Emlagh (see Imleach Fia). 
English Invasion, 27, n., 89, 141, 142 
Eoan Breac, . . . 5, n. 
Eochaidh, 16, 17, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, 
33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 
44, 45, 46, 47, 60, 61, 64, 65, 80, 
158, n., 159, 170, n. 
Aidhnigh, . . 42, 43 




Eochaidh Badhamhna, . . 36, 37 

Ceannmhairc, 6, 7, 7, n., 32, 

33, 34, 35, 40, 41, 46, 47, 48, 49 

Ceannmuscraidhe, . 32, 33 

Ceannreithe, 42, 43, 46, 47 

Ciarraidhe, . . 32, 33 

Daimhfhine, . . 18, 19 

Eadghothach, 4, 5, 5, n., 6,'n. 

Goineach, . . 42, 43 

Liath, 32, 33, 34, 35 

Liathain, , . . 44, 45 

Opthach, . . 4, 5, 5, w. 

Ruibhdhearc, . . 46, 47 

Eocho Coibne, . . . 38, 39 

Eoghan, 16, 17, 32, 33, 36, 37, 62, 63, 

81, 156, 157, 157, w., 166, 167, 168, 

169, 170, w., 172, w., 176, 408, 409, 

409, n. 

Barrlac, . . . 38, 39 

Mac Muircheartaigh, 385 

. Mor, . . . 5, w. 

, Sceall, . . . 46, 47 

Enniskillen, Castle of (see/nis- 

CW/ine), .... 223 
Ere, . . 32, 33, 38, 39, 60, 61 

Droma, . . . . 36, 37 

Errew (see Oireamh). 

Erris, . . 220, 224, 306, n., 307 

Esk (see Loch-Iasgach}. 

Ethleann, . . . . 56, 57 

Evnene, . .116 


Fachtna, 20, 21, 21, n., 22, 23, 46, 47, 
47, ., 48, 49, 64, 65, 384 

Faelan, 42,43 

Faghane, . - - .125 
Fail, 68, 68, n , 69, 156, 157, 162, 163 
Failbhe, 32, 33, 38, 39, 42, 43 

Fain, 44,45 

Fairrge Fal-nath, . . .62, 63 

Fancronan, . . . .106 
Faneadrill, . . . .110 
Farmanaght, .... 249 
Farneguillenuhill, . . .136 
Farranconnell, . . .174 
Farrencassy, . . . .102 
Farrenconor, .... 49, n. 
Farrencouse, . . .123, 393 
Farrenemrenagh, . . .133, . . 124 
Farreneconshey, . . . 109 
Farrenslaynoigg, . . .130 
Fashney, ... 99, 103 

Fastness, .... 104 
Fathadh, . . 6, 7, 10, 11 

Faughan, river (see Foghan). 
Faughard, .... 227 
Favighiloghy, . . .119 

Fealge, 91 

Feara-Cul, . . . .26,27 

inBreagha, . . 26, n. 

Feara-Maighe-Feinne, . . 384 
Fearaibh Bolg, . . . 2, 3 
Fearadhach, 18, 19, 36, 37, 81, 84 
Fearanacoishe, ... 99 
Feardiadh, . . 374, 374, n., 375 
Fearghal, . . 9, n., 64, 65, 80 

of Dun, . . .58, 59 

Og Mac an Bhaird, 404, 405, 

407, n. 

Fearghus, 9, n., 18, 19, 24, 25, 34, 35, 

36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 

45, 46, 47, 62, 63 

Fiadha, . 



Fearmanach, . 

. 18, 19 
. 62, 63 
. 60, 61 
. 62, 63 
. 38, 39 
. 38, 39 
83, 180 
40,41,58, 59 

Fearsad-Ruis, 52, 52, n., 53, 89, 90 




Feart-Lachtghe, . . .52, 63 
Feart-Moraidh, . . .34, n. 
Feehilly, (see O'Fithcheallaigli). 
FeehUy, .... 91 

Feely, (soe O'Fithcheallaigh), 91 

Feidhlimidh, 18, 19, 58, 59, 60, 61 
Feirches (a poet), . . . 4, n. 
Feith-na-h-Imghona, 38, 38, n., 39,48, 
48, n., 49, 87 

Feithmheach, . . .46, 47 

Felim Og, . . . . 308 
Femhen-mhagh, . 40, 41, 41, n. 
Fenton, Willielmus, . .112 
Fereigin, . . . . 38, 39 

Feringaurthana, . . . 18, 19 
Fermanagh, 174, 222, 292, 293, 318, 


Fennoy, . . . . 50, n. 

Ferrencassie, .... 99 
Fiach Eoiptine, . . . 6, n. 
Fiacha, . . . .46, 47, 80 

Badamhna, . . .46, 47 

Fiachna, . 18, 19, 32, 33, 34, 35 

Fesfoide, . . .34, 35 

Fiachra, 8, 9, 32, 33, 38, 39, 42, 43, 
46, 47, 48, 49, 62, 63, 64, 65 

Folloirbhe, . . 34, 35 

Fiadh-Euis, . . 51, n., 52, 53, 89 

Fiama, 18, 19 

Fidh-Gathlaidh, . 30, 30, n,, 31 
Field (see O'Fithcheallaigh). 
Finan, 18, 19, 36, 37, 62, 63, 64, 65, 


Fiiichaenih, . . 10, 10, n., 11 

Findruine, ... 76, 77 

Finghin, 12, 13, 14, 15, 56, 57, 86, 

342, 343, 364, 365, 380, 381, 386 

Finn, 5, n., 7, n. 10, 11, 21, n., 28, n., 

56, 57, 80, 217, 219, 384 

fhir, . . . . 62, 63 

loch-Ceara, . . .216 

Mac Cumhaill, 6, ., 372, n. 

Finn Shruth, 






. 35, n. 

64, 65, 86, n. 
. 64, 65 

. . 24, n.' 

Finola, 310 

Fintan, 38, 39, 46, 47, 62, 63, 64, 65 
Fintracht Clere, . 20, 20, n., 21 
Fir-Bolg, . . 2, n., 374, n. 

Fir-na-Craeibhe, . . 155, n. 

Fircall, 20, n. 

Firfhuilne, . . . . 56, 57 

Firnn, 12, 13 

Firuillne, . . . . 24, 25 
Fithcheallaigh, ... 91 
Fitzgerald, 113, 142, 143, n., 175, 176, 

351, n. 

Fitzmorris, Edmond, . . 113 
Fitz Nichol, John Eoch, . 113 

Fitzpatrick, Colonel, . . 396 
Fiachra, .... 32, 33 

Flaitheamh, 40, 41, 44, 45, 64, 65 
Flaithbheartach, . . . 44, 45 
Flaithbheartach an trosdain, 167, n. 

Flaitheamh 62, 63 

Flaithnin, . . . . 18, 19 
Flanders, . 346, 347, 376, 377 
Flann, 10, n., 28, 29, 36, 37, 46, 47, 

48, 49, 80 

Arda, . . . 44, 45 

Fortre, ... 384 

Fuirtre, . . . 40, 41 

Euadh, . . . 5, n. 

Flann's land, . . . 348, 349 
Flannan, 16, 17, 18, 19, 42, 43, 44, 

45, 56, 57 

Flannchadh, . . . 40, 41, 81 
Flemming, Captaine, . . 389 
Florence Court, ... 398 

Fochtna 62, 63 

Fogartach, . . 62, 63, 64, 65 
Foghan, . . . 260, 313 




Folachta, . . . . 36, 37 
Folachtach, 18, 19, 44, 45, 46, 47, 56, 


Follach, . . . 36,37,46,47 
Fonn-Iartharach, . . . 141 
Forbusach, . . . , 64, 65 
Fordrum (see Fuendruim}. 
Formaeil, 160, n., 414, 414, w., 415 
Formil (see Formaeil}. 
Formoyle (see Formaeil}. 
Forryry, . . . .106 

Fossye, 115 

Fothadh, 10, 11, 12, 13, 30, 31, 42, 

43, 56, 57, 62, 63, 64, 65 

Fothadh (the three), . . 58, 59 

Fothadh Airctheach, 5, 7, 6, w., 10, w., 

10, 11, 42, 43, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65 

Cairptheach, 6, 6, n., 7, 10, 

11, 42, 43, 58, 59 

Canann, 4, 5, 5, n., 10, 11, 

44, 45, 58, 59 

Dolus, . . . 58, 59 

Fox (see O'Sinnaigh}. 

Foyle, 167, n., 168, n., 303, n., 309 

(see Loch Feabhail}. 
Fraechmhagh, . . 313, 314 
Fraechfhear, . . . . 24, 25 
Freeke, .... 398, 400 
Friers Minors, ... 95 
Fuendruim, . . . 168, w., 
Fuinche, . . . .58,59 
Furudhran 38, 39 


Gabhra, battle of, 



Gaeisideaeh, . 




373, n. 


), 146, n. 

221, n. 


. 31, n. 
62, 63 


Gaile, .... 147, n. 
Gallen, ..... 27, n. 
Gallen (see Galeanga}. 
Gallies, ..... 94 
Galls, .... 146, 147 
Gallowglasses, . . 192, n. 
48, n., 89, 90 
191, n., 193, n., 

Gaily Head, . 
Galway, 29, n. 

200, ., 208, 213, 215, 224 
Gamhanraidhe, . 
Gardha, . . 

Garrdha, . . 
- Ua g-Cairbre, 
Garranbeg, . . 
Garrane, . . 

Garranfyne, . . 
Garranleighan, * 
Garrgha, . . 
Garry, . . . 
Gascun, . . 

. 374, n. 
. 10, 11, 89 
. . 10, n. 
. . 10, n. 
.113, 135 
. .117 
. .112 
. .133 
50, 51, 51, n. 
. 10, n., 89 
. 12, 13 

Gascony (see Gascun}. 
Gascoynes of Munster, . . 14, n. 
Gately's Forest (see Fidh- 


Gaughan (see Ui Gaibhtheachain}. 
Gavan (see O'Gabhadhain}. 
Gear, . 10, 11 

Gearan, . 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 35, 


Geilfhinne, ... 62, 63 

Geraldines, . . . .175 
Giantess, description of a, 72, 73 

Gibbons, lar Umhall, . 197, n. 
Gilbride Mac Namee (see Gilla 

Bhrighda Mac Con Midhe}. 
Gilla Bhrlghde Mac Con Midhe, 174 
Gillachrist, . . . 171, n. 
Gillahangil, .... 88 
Gillaphadruig, ... 81 
GillyDuffe, . . . 94,95 
Giraldus (quoted), . . .144 
Giveesedan (see Gaeisideach} . 




Glanawhine, . 


52, 53, 53, re., 


170, re. 


. 143 

Glandore, 10, n., 49, re., 51, n., 89 
Glandore (see Cuan Dor}. 
Glanduffes, . . . .112 
Glane, . ... 102 

Glanevickfoen, . . .123 
Glane Srirhaghe, . . . 110 
Glanegyle, . . . .124 
Glanetane, . . . .127 
Glane velehequeyne, . . 128 
Glaneverane, . . .133 

Glan-Iragh, .... 393 
Glanifinne, .... 99 
Glaniragy, . . . .112 
Glannekillinagh, . . .126 
Glannesillagh, . . .125 

Glann-Ibade 113 

Glann-IvooUen, . . . 121 
Glanny-Fyne, . . .102 

Glanyfoyne, . . . . 99 

Glas, 10, 11 

Gleann-Aichle, ... 308 
Gleann-an-Scail, . . .24, n. 
Gleann-Bearchann, 51, n., 88, 143 
Gleann Concadhain, . 168, re. 
Gleann-da-Clocha, . . . 33, n. 
Gleann-Dallam, . . . 225 
Gleann-Sibhne, . 22, 23, 23, n. 
Gleann Suilighe, . . . 176 
Glenavey, . . . 158, n. 
Glenconkeine, . . .314 

Glenconkyne (see Gleann Con- 

Glenelly (see Gleann-Aichle). 
Glenoradmore, ... 96 
Glinnes, .' . . . 259 

Glinske, . . . 200, n. 




Grathaltach, . 




Goghin, William, 



. 133 

... 264 

58, 59, 60, 61 

62, 63, 64, 65 

10, 11 

. 102 

. 172, 173 

. 395 

. 108 


Goilin-na-gaethneamhdha, 52, n., 
52, 53, 89, 90 

Gokane, . 393 

Goleen, .... 90 

Goleen marsh, . . . 52, n. 
Good Friday, ... 96 

Gookins, Vincentio, . . 114 
Goolde, Walter, of Cork, . 106 
Gormghal, . . 62, 63, 64, 65 

Gort, 107 

Gort-na-dabhaiche, . 54, 55 

Gort-na-daibhche, . . 55, re. 

Gort-na-diha, ... 92 

Gort-na-dihy (see Gort-na-daibhche). 
Gortard, 99, 109, 113, 122, 140 

Gortbracke, . . . .118 
Gorteenekilly, . . .125 
Gorticlosca, .... 393 
Gortidroghide, [ . . .393 
Gortilasca, .... 99 

Gortinvoher 99 

Gortivestre, .... 99 
Gortivisir, .... 99 
Gortnaclohy, . . . 113 

Gortnascreena, . . . 398 
Gortnemocklagh, , . .124 
Gortnyscryny, . . .118 
Gortroe, ... 127, 135 

Gortshanecrone, . , . 394 

Gortt, 102 

Gortydrohid, . . . .112 
Gos, 56, 79 




64, 65 
55, 91 

Green Castle, 168, n., 240, 257, 298 
Greenmount (see Ardglass). 

Gradhmacan, . 



Grayne, Captain Gilbert, 
Greallach, .... 
Greallach-na-gruime, 54, n. 

Grianan, hill of, 


Groome, Edmond, . 

Guair mac-Colmain, 


Gurtylomane, . . 




. 296 

54, n., 131 

257, 261 

. 325 

. 115 

. 140 

. 114 


Hag's Castle (see Caislean-na- 


Hamilton, ... . . 52, n. 
Hanratty (see O'h-Innreachtaigh). 
Harte, Captain, . . .274 
Hay den, Alexander, . . 140 
Hayes (see Ua h-Aedha). 
Hennessy (see O'h-Aenghusa). 
Hennesy, Col. . . .396 
Henery (Dr.J, . . 169, n. 

Henry (see O'h-Inneirghi). 
Hogan (see O'h-Ogain). 

the Sculptor, . . 50, n. 

HoUcombe, William, . .135 
Hooney or Green (see O'h-Uainidhe). 
Horan (see Q'h-Odhrain). 
Home Head, . . . .293 
Hourisky(see O'h-Uaruisce). 
Horse Rock, .... 87 
Hugh Boy (Aedh Buidhe), 247, 249, 
251,252,257, 261 
Hugh the Rough (see Aedh Garbh). 



Hurly, Daniel Og, 
Hurly, David, 

Cnogher Mac Owen, 

Dermod Mac Owen, 

Hussey (see 0' Cuts'). 
Hyney (see O'h-Aidhne}. 


lar-Connacht, . . . 141, n. 
Ibawne, . . 24, w., 53, n. 

Iboth, . ... 60, 61 

leregane, William Mac Rickard, 136 
IffaandOffa, . . . 41, n. 

Ignory, 112 

He of Inch, .... 307 
Hen, river, . . . . 51, n. 
lUadon, . . . 36,37 

Imchadh's Lake (see Loch-Im- 


Imleach Fia, . . . . 26, n. 

Inbhear Abhaigh, 158, n., 166, n., 

166, 167 

Inbhirmor, . 306, 306, n., 307 
Indlighe, ... 16, 17 

Inch, He of, . 272. 275, 277, 278 
Inchagelagh, . . . . 52, n. 
Inchipile, .... 95 
Inchydoney, . 24, n., 53, n., 90 
Inis-arcain, .... 386 

h-Arcain, . 380, n., 381 

beag, . . 22, 23, 23, n. 

Caein, .... 84 

Duine, 24, n., 24, 25, 52, 53, 

53, n., 54, 55, 90, 91, 92 

Fail, . . 154, w., 154, 155 

Keithlinn, . . .318 

mic-Conaill, ... 318 

Mor, . . . . 28, n. 

Inispicke, . Sp, 100, 102, 103 
Inis-Saimer, . . . .318 




Inishirkan, 95, 99, 100, 138, 139, 

143, n., 318, 380, n., 388 

Inishowen, 144, n., 168, n., 170, n., 

217, 297, 298, 305, 309, 358, n., 

Innse h-Orc, 






Ir, race of, 

Ireland, invasions of, 

discovery of, 

. 6, 7, 7, n. 
. 115 
. 102 
. 117 
. 131 
10, 11 

. . 6,7 
. 3,n. 
. 3, n. 
194, n., 196, n. 
60, 61 
149, n. 
149, n. 

Irelande, pall of, 
Trial Glanmhar, 
Irish Druids, 

Poets, . 

Poets, different names given 

to Ireland by, . . 353, re. 

Saints, . . . 404, n. 

Innyshyduskots, . . . 116 

Irrus Domhnann, . . 375, n. 

Island of Man (see Inisduine*). 

Isle of Man (see Mananri). 

Italians, 700 slaughtered, . 214 

Itcleave, John, . 199, 199, n. 

Ith, 2, 3, 5, n., 24, 25, 56, 57, 57, n., 

58. 59, 86, 352, 352, n., 353, 354, 

355, 358, n., 359, 360, 361, 361, n. 

362, 363, 364, 365 

Ithmhaine, . . . 16, 17 

Ivaghe, . . . .114 

Ivahagh, . . . .142 

Iveagh in Ulidia (see Uladh, Ui 


Iveleary, . i . 52, n., 89 

Iveleary (see Ui Laeghaire). 
Iveragh, . . . . 9, n. 


Jarvoys, Captain, 


Johanna, son of, 


. 348, n., 348, 349 
. 193, n. t 216, 220 


Kealla-beaga, ... 306 

Keann Maghair, . . . 322 
Keating (Dr.), . . .29, n. 
Keenaght, . 157, n., 166, n., 313 
Keevan (see Ua Ciabhain). 
Kells, . . .26, w., 176 

Kelly, Eev. Matthew, . . 59, n. 
Kelly (see O'Ceallaigh). 
Kentareloghy, . . .116 

Kerdin (see O'Cerdiri). 
Kerry, 25, n., 116, 142, 214, 

(see Ciarraidhe}, . . 352, w. 

Knight of, . . .387 

Kilballyowen, . . . 398 

Kilbeacon, 99 





Kildare, . 

Kildy, . 





. 107, 119 

. 48, n., 143 

5, n., 43, n., 142, 

169, n. 

159, n., 351, n. 


. . 27, n. 

194, n. 

. 25, n., 412, n. 

Killalla, ..... 31, n. 
Killaloe, . . 61, n., 161, n. 

Killarga (see CillFhearga). 
Killbegg, . . . .120 
Kilicangell, . . . 88, 118 
Killcaskane, .... 131 
Killcogh, .... 126 

Killcowsane, .... 125 
Kilmaine, . . 221, n., 227 
Kilmeen, 54, n., 55, w., 92, 106 

Kilmichael, . . . .399 
Kilmoe, . . . .142 





Klimoone, . . . .139 
Kilmoone (see Mughain}. 
Kilnagross, . , . . 54, n. 
Kilnegosbagh, . . .124 

Kilnowney, . . 206, 206, n. 
Kilronan (see Citt Ronairi). 
Kilrushygarvy, . . .132 
Killtallwoye, . . . 127, 129 
Killvurrow, . . . .114 
Killwoony, . . . .123 
Killybegs, . . 307,307. n. 
Killybegs (see Calebeg and Cas- 

Killydirry, . . .114, 134 

Killy nitty 122 

Kilmacduagh (see Citt-Mhich- 


Kilmackoran, . . 207 

Kilmaconoge, . . .142 

Kilmacrenan (see Cill-Mic- 

Neanain\ . 308, 317, 319, 322 
Kilmacshalgan, . . 306, n. 
Kilmacteige, . . . 210, n. 
Killfenora (see Gill Finnabhrach}. 
Killgarrufie, . . . .122 
Killiane, . . . .115 

Killierny (see Cill Tighearnaigh} . 
Killincally, . . . .120 
Killinry, . . . .100 

Killmeallrane, . . . 131 

Kill-meic-nenain, . . .321 
Killmolody, . . . .133 
Killmore, Bishop of, . . 200 
Killmorny, . . . .102 
Killmurrow, . . . .122 
Killmyne, . . . ' . 121 
Killnymanavane, . . . 116 
Killskonhononghty, . . 118 
Kilruane (see Cill Ruadhairi). 
KilsaUagh, .... 92 
Kiltubredolly, . . .133 

Kincolisky, ... 143 


Kincora (see Ceanncoradh}. 
Kineal Conaill, 303, 304, 305, 318 
Kinelmeaky, barony of, . . 19, n. 
King James, . . . .229 
King's County, 20, n., 21, n., 350, n. 
King's Quid Castle, . 111,112 
Kingsland, .... 399 
Kinmeaghbegg, . . .129 
Kinnaweer (see Keann Maghair) . 
Kinnigh, . . . .139 

Kinnity, .... 20, n. 

Kinsale, 94, 257, 258, 271, 310, 317, 
318, 342, n., 387, 388. 389, 395, 

Kippaghmore, . . .126 

Kittagh, Walter, . 2 JO, n., 226 
Knapp, Edmond, . . .107 
Knockane, . . . .117 
Knockany (see Cnoc Aine}. 
Knockavoe (see Cnoc Buidhbh). 
Knockanedyne, . . .135 
Knockdoe (see Cnoc Tuagh}. 
Knockdufle, . . . .128 
Knocke, . . . .132 

Knockeaghaduffe, . . .128 
Knoekfeen, .... 87 
Knockfergus, 237, 255, 280, 296 

Knockly, .... 94 
Knockmilleyn, . 206, 206, n. 

Knocknenosse, . . . 133 
Knocknestoeky, . . .133 
Knocknockiffiny, . . .134 
Knockoole, . . . .132 
Knockvallytaggart, . . 394 

Knockycullen, . . . 116 

Kyne (see O'Cadkan). 


Labraidh Loingseach, 117, n., 147, 
Lachtaine, 56, 57 




Lackaghan, 99, 102, 107, 123, 140 

Lacke 99, 100 

Lacken Coskerane, . . 110 

Lacklea, . . . .123 

Laeghaire, 24, 25, 26, 27, 36, 37, 64, 65 

Buadhach, . 162, n. 

Laeghdha, ... 64, 65 

Laeighis, . . . 372, n. 

Lafferty (see Laverty)* 
Lahiff, Lahy, Leahy (see 


Lahirtidally, . . . .124 

Lahirtyshane, . . .117 

Laighin, . 8, 9, 30, 31, 32, 33 

34, 35, 36, 37 

Laighis-h-Ua-n-Eneachlais, . 8, 9 
Laidhginn, . . 36, 37, 38, 39 
Laipthe, . . . 38, 39 

Lakeland, .... 398 
Lannin (see O'Lonain). 
Lappagh, . . . .140 
Largan, . . . .223 

Larne river (see Ollarba). 
Lasair, .... 24, 25 

Lassanaree, . . . .124 
Laverty (see O'Laibhartaiyh). 
Leac-an-Scail, . . 25, n. 

Leachta-Suibhaine, . . 322 
Leaders, .... 49, n. 

Leamcon, . . . .114 
Leary the Victorious (see Laeghaire 


Leath-Chuinn, 6, 7, 154, 155, 155, n., 
156, 157, 170, 171, 321 
Leath Mhogha, . . 6, 7, 179 
Lecale, . , . 159, n. 

Lenane (see O'Lonain). 
Leigh, Captain Edmond, 260, 261 
Leinster, 35, n., 62, 63, 76, 77, 160, 
160, n., 161, 353, n., 356, 357 
Leith-bhear, . . . .308 
Leith-Ghleann-Earc, . 60, 61 


Leitrim, 28, n., 80, 82, 141, 204, n. 

Lessyneyghtragh, . . . 117 

Letterlicky, . . . 125, 395 

Lettirrtenbill,. . . .127 

Lettirskanullane, . . . 116 

Levison, Sir Eichard, . . 388 

Leyny, . 207, n., 210, n., 215, 225 

Leyny (see Luighne). 

Lene, .... 350,351 

Liadhain (see Lighain). 

Lick, .... 140, 394 

Liedania (seeLighain'). 

Liddy or Laddy (see O'Laidigh). 

Lighain, . . 20, w.,*20, 21 

Liffer, 246, 247, 251, 253, 254, 260, 

265, 268, 269 

Lifford, 301, 301, n., 302, 303, ., 
304, 307 

Lifford (see Leith-bhear). 
Limerick, 40, n. t 42, n., 54, n., 142, 

387, 397, 398 
Limerick (see Luimneach). 

Lis, 121 

Liscoghlane, . . . .114 
Liscurrane, . . . .130 
Liscronyne, . . . .129 

Lisgabhail 318 

Lisheens, . . . . 54, n. 
Lismore, . . . . 33, n. 

Lissane, . . 126, 405, n. 

Lissylogherie, . . .126 

Lissynydirrane, . . .114 
Lissybrenny, East, . . 121 

Lissybriny, West, . , .121 
Lissyclery, . . . .126 
Lissygreffine, . . . .115 
Little Illande, . . .102 

Little Island (see Inisbeg). 
Litter, .... 209, n. 

pass of, . . .209 

Loch Arbhach, . . .221 
Loch Beitheach, . . . 175 




Loch-an-Bhricin, 50, 51, 51, re., 89 

Ce, .... 221 

Cuan, . 158, 159, 159, re. 

Eirne, 174, 175, 177, 179, 318 



Foyle, . 










Lochlann, . 

Loghe, . 



174, 301, n. 

60, 61, 61, n. 

313, 324 

28, n., 28, 29 

. 319 

. 39, n. 

162, re., 162, 163, 

163, n. 

82, 84 

351, n. 

. 313 

. 307, 309 

. 54, 55, 92 

6, 7, 7, n., 66, 67, n. 

83, 167, n. 

195, 195. re. 

. 194 

34, 35 

64, 65 

46, 47 

107, 146, 147 

Londonderry, 155, n., 158, n,, 166, n. 

296, 298. 309, 313, 314, 358, re., 

404, re., 405, re., 408, n., 415, n. 

Longford, . . . . 26, n. 

Lorha (see Lothra Ruadhain). 

Lothra Ruadhain, . 44, n., 44, 45 

book of, . . . 45, n. 

Lough Con (see Loch Cuan}. 

Derg (see Derg-dhearc}. 

Enagh, . . .309 

Foyle, 168, re., 237, 238, 253, 

260, 270, 276, 280, 295 

Foyle (see Loch Feabhail). 

Gara, . . . 208, re. 

Gill, . . . . 28, n. 

Gill (see Loch Gile}. 

Hina, . 87 

Lough Hyne, ... 143 

Mary, . 162, n., 163, n. 

Mask, 194, re., 195, re., 215 

Mulroy, . . . 308 

Neagh, 169, re., 172, n., 313, 

405, n. 

Neagh (see Lough Sidney}. 

Sidney, . . 260, 313 

Swilly, . . 293, 308 

Swilly (see Cuan Suillighe). 

Techet, . . 208, re. 

Loughinsholin, 155, re., 169, re., 314 
Louth, ... 7, n., 375, re. 
Lower Badony, . . 160, n. 
Lucan, Earl of, ... 229 
Lucas of the Pilgrim's Staff, . 80 
Lugh, . . .24, 25, 56, 57 

Manrach, . . 24, 25 

Lughaidh, 5, re., 7 ', re,, 8, re., 8, 9, 12, 
13, 24, 25, 26, 27, 34, 35, 40, 41, 
42, 43, 46, 47, 56, 57, 58, 59, 64, 
65, 66, re., 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 
76, 77, 80, 86, 342, 343, 344, 345, 
352, 353, 356, 356, re., 358, 359, 
362, 363, 363, re., 374, 375, 376, 

Cal, 24, 25, 26, re., 26, 27, 

28, 29, 30, 31, 70, 71, 78, 79, 80 

Corb, 30, 31, 32, 33, 70, 

71, 78, 79 

Cose, . . 76, 77 

Coscair, . 30, 31, 32, 33 

Laidhe, 4, re., 8, re., 8, 9, 

16, 17, 24, 25, 26, 27, 32, 33, 70, 
71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78, 79 

Laighis, . 30, 31, 32, 33 

Mai, 6, 7, 7, re., 66, 67, 


Maccon, 5, re., 9, re., 86 

Meandruadh, . 24, 25 

Milchu, . . 38, 39 

Mor, . 70,71,74,75 



Lughaidh Oirche, . 30, 31, 32, 33 

Oca, . . 78, 79 

Lughdach, ... 62, 63 

Luighne, . . 218, 318, 319 
Luigh-Ith, . . . 2, n., 2, 3 
Luimneach, . 164, w., 164, 165 

Lurg, 217 

Lurgo, 124 

Lynch, .... 358, n. 
Lynanagh, . . . .115 
Lysycahy, . . . .114 
Lyshine-Iline, . . .114 

Lyssynoohig, . . .123 


Mac Aenchearda Beara, . . 10, 11 

Ailin, .... 217 

an Bhaird, 406, n., 409, n., 411, n. 

Baron, Cormocke, . . 261 

Cabas, .... 318 

Caille 62,63 

Cana, . . . 168,169 

Cana, Dunleve, . .180 

Cana (see Clann Cana). 

Cann (Major) . 169, n. 

Carthaigh, ... 385 

, Cormac, 142, 143 

, Mor, . .142 

's daughter, 380, 380, n. 

381, n. 

Domhnali God, 142, 

Domhnali Mor 

na Corradh, 

Finghin Reanna 


Mac Cartie, Donald, 

, Donoghe Moyle, . 

, Finin, 

, Phelim, 



Mac Cartie, Reagh, Domhnali, 

Pedigree of, ... 402 

Mac Carthy, 9, n., 135, 144, 352, n. 

, Cormuck, . . 133 

, Daniel, 112, 113, 121, 

136, 385, 387, 398 

. Daniel, Donough, 395 

, (Sir Owen), 349,n., 350,w., 

380, n., 387, 388, 390 

Cartye Reoghe, 86, n., 107, HO, 

112, 343, n., 383, 386, 394, 401, n. 

Carty, William, . . 134 

, Reagh, Daniel, 106, 113, 

114, 116, 117, 119, 121, 122, 123, 

125, 126, 127, 129, 131, 132, 133, 


, Owen, . . 136 

Cathlin, (see Campbels). 

Ceacht, . . . 362, n., 

Clanchys, ... 85 

Clancys, ... 82 

Clancy, Cahir, . . 85 

Clancy and Clancy, (see 

Meg-Fhlannchaidh') . 

Conmaras, ... 82 

Conmidhe, Gilla Brighde, 146, 


Connell, Cahir, . 194, n. 

Connells, James, . . 212 

Cormaick, Gillchrist Mac 

Conor, .... 181 
Costelloghe, Edmond, . 209 

- CuiU, . . . 362, n. 

Davie Bane, Walter, . 193 

Davids, . . . 200, n, 

Davids, Sept of, . . 247 

David Burke, . . 224 

Davie, Sir Hubert, 200, 200, n. 

Deicill, . . . . 38, 39 

Dermoda, Donnell, . 181 

Dermody, Twa, . .117 
Dermots, . . . 27, n. 




Mac Dermot, . . 168, n. 

Devitts, . . .308 

Devitt, Felim Reagh, . 226 

Domhnaill, John Cathanach, 217 

Donnchada, Tomaltach, . 141 

DonneUs, . . .195 

(see Mac ConneZ/s). 

Donneil, Charles, (see Mac 

Connell, Cahir}. 

Donneil, Ewster, . . 202 

Donogh, Mahony, . .180 

Donogh, Moyleronie, . 181 

Duithe, . . . . 36, 37 

Ea (Lackin,) . . .115 

Ere, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 

45, 46, 47 

Fhlannchadh, . . 80, 82 

Fhlannchadha (see Flann- 


Galloglac (see Mag Gollaiyh.) 

Gillarraith, Goner . 183 

Gilbarie, Conor, . . 181 

Gillicuddy, ... 399 

Greine, . . . 362, n. 

Gwyer, Hughe, . . 205 

larran (see O'h-Iarrairi) . 

Ready and Ready, (see 

Ua Meiceidich). 

Lochlainn, 165,n., 166, n., 167,n., 

170, 170, n., 171, 180, 321, 404, 405, 
405, n. 

Loughlin (see Mac Loch- 

Loughlin (see Mac Lachlainn). 

Lachtna, . . .64, 65 

Lasaire, . . . . 62, 63 

Liag, . . 164, 164, n., 165 

. Mahons, .... 153 

Mahon, Brian, . 173, n. 

Murroughs, . . 353, n. 

Murtagh, Cathal Mac Do- 
nogh, . . . 180, 181 


Mac Murtagh Fin, Hugh, 180, 181 
Moyledowne, Teig Mac 

Cahail mac Bryen, . . 181 

na-maras (see Mac Conmaras). 

Rannalls, . . 352, n. 

Richard Enerrine, Edmond 

Bourke, .... 202 

Bickard Cane, Ballogh, . 259 

Shihy, Morrogh, . .135 

Suibhne na d-Tuath, 219, 220, 

318, 321, 368, n. 

Suibhne of Muskerry, 352, n. 

Suibhne Fanad (Domhnall), 321 

Swyne, Domhnall, . . 86 

Swyndoe, Moyle Morrogh, 241 

Swyne Fanacht, Fanacht, 250, 

293, 308 

Swyne Bonaught's Countrey, 294 

Swyne Edoes, . . 293 

Swyndoe, . . . 270 

Swyndoe, Moyler Mur- 

rough. .... 298 

Tail, . . . . 32, 33 

Tirlaghe Roe, Ferraghe, 193, n. 

William, 190, 198, 202, 220 

- William shippe. . . 193 

William Burke, Lower, 193, n., 

William Burke, execution 

of the son of, ... 216 

William Outragh, . 191, n. 

Maccaile, . . . . 64, 65 
Maccon, 4, 5, 5,n., 6, 6, n., 7, 8, 8, n., 

9, 10, 11, 24, 25, 34, 35, 40, 41, 42, 

43, 44, 45, 57, n,, 70, 71, 76, 77, 86, 
110, 386 

Maccraith, 10, 11, 11, n., 12, 12, n., 

13, 44, 45, 56, 57, 58, 59 

Macha, 150, 150, n., 151, 164, 165 

Mongruadh, . 149, n. 


: Riabhach, . . 224 



Maclachra, . . . . 64, 65 
Maclaithghin, . 16, 17, 38, 39 

Maclan, 42, 43 

, Fort (see Ramullan}. 

Macken, (see Ua-Meccon). 
Macreithe, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 35, 58, 


Macreithe Ceannfoda, . . 32, 33 
Macroom, .... 89 
Maelaithghin, . 16, 17, 38, 39 

Maelbracha, .... 384 
Maelcolcaigh, - . . . 64, 65 
Maelcorma, . ... 44* 45 

Maelmhuaidh, . . . 384 

Mael-muire Mac Suibhne na 
d-Tuath, (see Mac Swyndoe, 
Moyle Morrogh). 

Maeltuile, . . . . 40, 41 
Maenach, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 


. 152, 153 
. 58, 59, 60, 61 
66, 67 

Maenmhagh, . 
MaghUladh, . 
Maghrahine, . 
Magennis, ancestor of, 
Mag Fhlannchadha, 
Mag Gollaighs, 
Maglaughlin, Dermott, . 
Magnylson, Tirlogh, 


Newton Castle, 

his death, 

169, n. 
, 126 

, 2,71. 

83, 84 





Mag Sambradhain, Edmond, 
Maguire, . 23, n., 222, 232, 292 

Magh Bolg, . . . . 26, n. 
MaghEileag, . . . 30,31 

MaghFeine, .... 384 
Magh Ithe, . 174, 362, n., 362, 363 
Magh-Line, . . 6, rc , 319, 351 
Magh-Luirg, 27, n., 171, n., 218, 



Magh Maighne, . . 159, n. 
Magh-mucraimhe, battle of, . 4, n. 
Magh-n-Athrach, . . 158, 159 
Maghnus, 58, 59, 164, 165, 165, n. 

Catha Duin, . 166, n. 

Maicniadh, 4, n., 6, 7, 8, 8, n., 9, 18, 

19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 36, 37, 40, 41, 

42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 56, 57, 58, 

59, 62, 63,*64, 65, 76, 77, 78, 79, 

346, 347 

Maigh river, . . . .142 
Maighin, . . .158, 159 

Maigue (see Maigh"). 
Maine, 20, 21, 26, n , 27, n., 38, 39, 
44, 45, 46, 47 

Cearr, . . 18, 19, 22, 23 

Guach, . . 38, 39 

Mairdean, . . . 16, 17 

Mairnin, . . . 18, 19 

Mairtine, . . . . 5, n. 

Maithsin, . . / . 56, 57 

Mai, . . . 5, n., 56, 57 
Malaghlain Mac Clancy, . 85 



Malin (see Malainn). 
Malpas, John, 

168, n. 
168, 169 

. 128 

. 115 

93, 96 

24, 25, 25, n. 

Mannin(see O'Mainchin). 
Mansie, . . . .131 

Mantey, . . . .117 

Maryborough, Lord, . . 396 
Mary's Abbey, . . .223 
Massareene, . . . 158, n. 
Master (i.e. Schoolmaster), . 15. n. 
Mathgamhain, . 58, 59, 384 

Matthew, .... 80 
Maule-Icullig, . . .114 

Maulemoryne, . . . 121 
Maulrawer, . . . .133 



Maulybrock, . 
Maurica the Prior, 


. 124 


. 127 
78, 79 

Mayny, 118 

Mayo, 27, n., 28, n., 30, n., 31, n., 

189, 190, 190, n., 192, 192, n., 

193, 196, 204, 207, n., 212, 213, n., 

215, 217, 229, 306, n., 307 

Meade, John, . . .101 

Meadhbh, . . . 170, rc. 

Meannboth, . . . 60, 61 

Meath, . 155, n., 222, 223 

Meg-Aenghusa, . . 323 

Crunnluachra, 28, 28, n., 29 

Fhlannchaidh, 28, n., 28, 29 

Uidhir, . . . 318 

Uidhir Cuchonnacht, . 323 

Meic Domhnaill (see Clanndonnells). 
Mellifont, . . . .316 
Melvin (see Loch Melghe). 
Mesin Forghaill, . . 60,61 

Fuire, . . . 60, 61 

Luadh, . . 60, 61 

Midhbholg 217 

Midhe, .... 170, 171 
Midhros, . . 50, 51, 51, n. 

Milchonach, ... 34, 35 

Miross, .... 89 

Mirreen (see O'Mirin). 
Moantryes, . . . .116 
Mochonna, . . 16, 17 

Modan (see O'Mudain). 
Modharn, river, . . . 217 
Modhuirn, . . 366, 367, 367, n. 

Moentacht 322 

Moin-ghlas, . 158, 159, 159, n. 

Molana, . . . . 21. n. 

Monaghan, county of, . . 29, n. 
Moncnocnycloghe, . . 116 

Mongan and Mangan (see Ua 

Monglass (see Moinghlas). 
Monianguny, . . . .134 
Monig, .... 140 

Moonnagh, .... 99 
Montpellier, .... 394 
Monyghane, Johannes, . . Ill 
Morgan, Sir Mathewe, . 290, 291 
Mountjoy, Lord, . . . 274 

Castle, . .. . 313 

Mounster, . . . .201 
Mount Musick, . . . 399 
Mourn (see Modharn). 
Mqfille, .... 298 

Lower, . . 168, n. 

Moy, . 209, n., 219, 226. 313 
Moy (see Moyne). 
Moy Bolgue (see Magh Bolg}. 
Moy don, parish of, \ . . 26, n. 
Moygara (see Moygarie). 
Moygarie, . . 208, 208, n. 
Moylurg, .... 180 
Moyne, . 209, n., 209, 21 1 

Moyny (see O'Muimhaiin. 
Mulkelly (see O'Mailceallaigh}. 
Mullichmor, castle of, . 200, n. 
Mullany (see O'Maelfhina}. 
Mumhan, . . . 158, 159 
Munagh, . . . 102, 122 
Muntrevelin (see Muintir 

Dobhailin) . 

Munnyvohillighane, . . 113 

Muontyne, . . . .133 

Munster, 26, n., 26, 27, 31, n., 177, 

219, 318, 330, 331, 336, 337, 344, 

345, 349, 376, 378, 385, 386 

Murbrun, ... 36, 37 

Murchadh, '. . . 36, 37 

na-Duath, . . 217 

Og, ... 224 

Murghal, . . . 38,39 

Murray (see O'Muireadhaigh'). 
Murrisk, . . . 197, n. 




Muskerry, . . .52, n., 86 
Muskrie, . . . 402, n. 
Murthuile, . . 44, 45, 56, 57 
Muaidhe, . . . 306, 318 
Mughain, . .18, 19, 19, n., 
Muintir Bhaire, . 5, n., 43, n. 
Cheangail, . . 50, n. 
. Dobhailen, . 171, n. 

Dnirr 46 47 


Nas, .... 356, 357 
Laighean, . . 357, w, 
Nathe, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 42, 43, 44, 
45, 56, 57 
Nenagh, . . 35, n., 61, n. 
Neale, Garvie, 263, 264, 265, 268, 
272, 273, 278, 281 
Neimhidh (Clann), . . 2. 3 
Newcastle (see Greene Cctstle*) 

Eolais 220 222 319, 352, n. 

Newtowne, 253, 256, 258, 263, 272, 

Ghabhadhain (see 
O"Lah hadhain^) . 
Murchadha, . . 224 
Muircheartach, . 12, 13, 34, 35, 
162, n., 164, 165, 406, 407 
death of> . 1 a , ?? , 

275, 309, 312 
Newtown Stewart, . 159, n., 309 
Newtown Stewart (see Baile Nua). 
Nia, .... 60, 61 
Niall, 24, 25, 26, ., 38, 39, 156, 
157, 158, 159 

Ruadh . 14., IS 

Niall Caille, . 166, n., 166, 167 

Magh-Line, 167, n. 
Midheach 107j ** 

Conallach, . . .298 
Garbh, . . . 305, 321 

of the Leather Coat? 

Glundubh 166 n 

160, n,, 166, n. 
Muircadhach, 23, 24, 38, 39, 
167, . 
Muirghius, ... 64,65 
Muirisc . . . 28, 29 

Naei-Ghiallach, . 164, 165 
of the Nine Hostages, 27, n., 
374, n. 
Kuadh, . . 167, n., 182 
Nias, .... 60, 61 

Muirthiemhne, . . 6, 7, 7, n. 
Myadill, . . . .119 
Myler Magrath, . . .227 
Myross, . 51, n., 143 
Myros (see Midhro&). 
Mwynter Y-hilligh, . . 106 

North Minister, . . 141, n. 
Norton Cottage, . . .399 
Norwegians, . . . 147, n. 
Nowlan, Nolan (see O'Nuallain). 
Nowcnockbane, . . . 116 
Nuada, . " . . . 44, 45 
Neacht 58 59 6 63 64 65 


Naas (see Nas), . . 357, n. 
Nadfraeich, ... 62, 63 
Nagle, David, . . 134, 135 
Naindeanach, . . 64, 65 
Nairchridhe, . . 40, 41 

Nuadhat, ... 56, 57 
Nugent, Richard, . . .174 


O'Baeghill, Aindilis, . . 83 
O'Baire, 5, n. 

Nangle, . . . 113, 209, n. 
Navan (see Eamhain). 
Nar, .... 58, 59 

O'Boyle's Country, . . .294 
O'Breen, Fitzjames, . . 39, n. 
O'Briain, Bishop, . . . 323 




O'Briain, Conchobhar na Siudaine, 177 

, Conchobhar na Srona, 310 

O'Brian, 82, 176, 179, 215, 312, n. 

O'Brien, ancestor of, . . 2, n. 

O'Bruadair, . . 56, 56, n., 57 

O'Bryan, Mahowne, . . 194 

O'Cadhan, .... 55, n. 

O'Caine, 253, 255, 257, 259, 260, 263, 
264, 271, 274, 277, 280, 283, 309 

O'Caingni, . . . . 51, n. 

O'Caiute, Fearfiasa, 352, 352, n., 353 

O'Cairnean, . . . . 29, n. 

O'Callaghan, 113, 134, 135, 136, 351, n., 


O'Cane (see O'Cathain), 239, 240, 243, 
275, 284, 293, 300 

O'Cahan (see O'Cathain), 166, n., 180 

O'Cahans (see Clann-Cathain). 

O'Canannain, Maelisa, . 160, n. 

O'Carra, 166, 167, 180, 404, 405, 405,n. 

O'Cathain, 164, 165, 166, 166, n., 167, 

404, 404, n., 405, 406, 407, 407, n., 

408, 408, n., 409, 409, n., 410, 410,n., 

411, 412, 413, 414, 415 

O'Ceallaigh, . 54, 55, 55, n. 

O'Cendedigh (see O'Conneid}. 

O'Cerdin, . . 52, 52, n. 53 

O'Cobhthaigh, 7, n., 54, 55, 56, n., 
142, 143, 385 

O'Conneid, . . 50, 51, 51, n. 

O'Coffey (see O'Cobhthaigh}, 

O'Coinne, .... 308 

O'Coise (see O'Cuis}. 

O'Collins, . . .142 

O'Comhraidhe, . . . 54, n. 

O'Conba, Teige Mac Diarmaid, 134 

O'Conchobhair (see O' Conor,} 83, 179, 
223, 224, 319, 320 

O'Conneid, . . 50, 51, 51, n. 

O'Connells, . . . . 9, n. 

O'Conner Kerry, John, . . 387 

O'Conor, Charles the Red .handed, 176 

O'Conor(see O'Conchobhair), 153, n. 

161, n., 174, 176, 180, 181, 206, 

352, n., 353, n. 

Oconroy, . . 207, 207, n. 

O'Cormaic, . . 54, 54, ., 55 
O'Corrbuidhe, . . . 53, n. 

O'Cowhig, . . 9, n., 59, n. 

, (see O'Cobhthaigh). 

, (see Ua Cobhthaigh). 

O'Cuarsci, . . . 216,219 
O'Cuign, Gilberay, . . .180 
O'Cuile, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

O'Cuileammin, . 56, 56, n. 57 
O'Cuilin, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 
O'Cuis, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

O'Curnains, or O'Curnins (see 


O'Curnins (poets) . . 28, n. 

O'Credain, . . . . 29, n. 

O'Croinin, . . 54, 54, n., 55 

O'Crowly, . . . .109 

O'Dalaigh, Diarmuid Og, 340, 341 

O'Daly, Teige, . . 340, n. 

O'Dearcain, . . . . 52, 53 

O'Dearchain, . . . . 38, 39 

O'Dobhailen, . . . 171, n. 

O'Dochartaigh, 217, 219, 297, 323, 324 

O'Doghartie (see O'Dochartaigh}, 237, 

240, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 

257, 258, 262, 264, 266, 271, 275, 

277, 278, 282, 293, 298, 308, 313, 


O'Domhnaill, 83, 92, 175, 176, 179, 
180, 213, n., 223, 224, 225, 227, 294, 
298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 304, 305, 
306, 307, 308, 310, 311, 313, 314, 
318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 325, 
374, n. 

O'Donell, 239, 241, 243, 244, 245, 

246, 248, 249, 250, 254, 255, 256, 

257, 263, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 

272, 278, 293, 304, n., 312, 314, 

353, n. 387 




O'Donuamhain (see O'Donnamh- 

ain), ... 54, 54, w., 55 
O'Donnghaill, . . . 55, n. 

O'Donohoe (see Ua Dunchadha, 

Mac-na-h -Erlemhe) . 
O'Donovan, 7, w., 55, n., 101, 103, 140, 
142, 144, 388, 390, 394, 395, 396, 398 
O'Donovan's Cove, . . 54, n. 

O'Donovan, Donovan (see O'Donn- 

O'Donovan's Leap, . . 51, n. 

of Mountpellier, 54, n. 

O'Dubhagain . . 50, 50, n., 51 
O'Dubhchon, . . 54, 54, n., 55 
O'Dubhchonna, . . . 51, n. 
O'Dubhdaleithe, . 55, n., 56, 57 
O'Dubhdas, . . . .220 
O'Duibharda, . . 48, 49, 50, n. 
O'Duibhdhirma, 168, n., 404, 404, n., 


O'Duibhgheannain, . 338, 339 

O'Duibhleanna, . . .56, n. 
O'Duiblilin, . . 171, n., 172, 173 
O'Duimheamhna, 170, 171, 171, n., 
404, 405, 405, n. 

O'Dunadhaigh, . . . 56, n. 

O'Dunchadha, . . .384 

O'Dunghaile, . . .54, 55 

O'Dunlaing, . . 48, 49, 50, n. 

O'Dundirma, . . . .180 

O'Drean, . 26, 27, 27, w., 53, n. 

O'Drillic, . . . 402, n. 

O'Driscoll (see O'h-Eidirsceoil), 2, n., 

1,n., 9, n., 12, n., 16. 21, n., 86, 87, 

98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 105, 106, 107, 

108, 109, 110, 111, 136, 138, 139, 

140, 141, 143, 143, n., 340, n., 342,n., 

343, n., 348, n., 350, n., 352, n. 

356, n., 358, n., 372, 373, 380, n., 

385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 393, 

394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 



O'Drochruainnigh, . 50, 51, 51, n. 

O'Dromha, Solamh, . . 141 

Oeth-Nia, . . . . GO, 61 

O'Falvys, . . . . 9, n . 

O'Farrells, . . . 353, n. 

O'Feehilly's country, . . 90 

- - Maurice de Portu, 54, n. 

- - birth place of, . 54, n. 
O'Finan (see O'Finan ) 

O'Finn (see Ua Finn). 
O'Firghill, . . 176, 176, n., 321 
O'Fitheheallaigh, . 52, 53, 53, n., 91 
O'Flaithbheartaigh, 217, 220, 224 
O'Floinn-Arda, . . . 9, w. 
O'Flynn of Ardagh (see O'Floinn- 

O'Flynns (see Ua Floimi). 
O'Fuailchin, . . 50, 51, 51, n. 
O'Fuathail, . . . 370, 371 
O'Gairmleadhaigh, 166, 167, 172, 
172, w., 173, 404, 405 
O'Gabhadhain, . 54, 55, 55, n. 
O'Gadhra, Magh, . . .320 
O'Gallachur, 219, 304, n., 318, 321, 322 
O'Gara, ..... 180 
O'Garey, Teig mac Keyn, . 181 
O'Garmly, .... 180 
Ogham, ..... 6, n. 
O'Gilla-michil, 48, 49, 49, n., 88 

-- , Great Vicar, . 50, 51 
O'Goirmfhleadhaigh, . 404, w. 
O'Gormly (see O'Goirmfhleadhaigh). 
O'Grady, . . . .398 
O'Greise, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 
O'Greisin (see O'Greise). 
O'Guirmleadhaigh, Amhlaeibh, 167, n. 
O'Hanlon, . . 170, w., 180 
O'Hanlan (see O'h-Anluain). 
O'Haras (see Oharies). 
Oharies, . . .209, 210, 210, n. 
O'Harte, . . . 207, n. 

Ohartes, Bishopp of, 207, 207, w. 




O'Hea, . . . .55, 92, 398 
O'Hea (see Ua h-Aedha). 
O'Heney (see O'h-Eanayh). 
O'Hinerga, . . . .180 
O'Hirlagh, . . . .116 
O'Hogans, . . . . 50, n. 
O'h-Aedha, .... 92 

Aenghusa, . 52, 53, 53, n. 

Aidhne, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

Ainbhith, . . 54, 55 

Anluain, 169, n., 180, 404, 

405, 405, n. 

Anluain-Cu-TJladh (see Cu~ 

Vladh CTh-Anluairi). 

Eaghra Buidhe, Brian son of, 215 

Eanaigh, . 404, n., 404, 405 

Eidirsceoil (see O'Driscoll}. 

13, n., 17, w., 86, 93, 94, 95, 96, 

97, 98, 328, 329, 329, n ., 330, 

332, 333, 336, 337, 338, n. 339, n. 

340, 341, 356, 357, 376, 377, 

377, w., 381, n., 385, 386 





52, 53, 53, n. 
54, n., 54, 55 
n., 404, 405, 

405, n. 
26, 27, 27, n. 

. 53, n. 
50, n. 50, 51 
52, n., 52, 53 
52, n., 52, 53 


Odhrain, . 




Oileach, 162, 163, 166, n., 172, 173 
Oilean Baei Bheirre, . 358, n. 

OiliU, 80 

- Beag, . , . 18, 19 

Olum, 4, n., 6, 7, 26, n., 42, 

43,86, 141, 142,156,157 
Oireacht-Ui-Chathain, . . 308 

Ui-Chiarain, . . 297 

Oirghialla, 27, n,, 30, n., 156, 157, 

158, 159, 169, n., 173, n., 179, 

183, 222 


O'Kahans, .... 180 
O'Kane, 165. n., 166, n., 298, 404. n. 
O'Kanes (see Clann-Cathain). 
O'Kearney, Donell, . . 180 

O'Kelly, . 200, 200, n., 216, n. 

O'Kellys of Ui Maine, . 200, n. 
O'Kenedy and Kenedy (see 


O'Koyne, Gilleberry, . . 181 
O'Laeghaire, 5, n., 52, w., 52, 53, 


O'Laibheartaigh, . . 173, n. 
O'Laidigh, . . 52, n., 52, 53 
O'Laithbheartaigh, . 172, 173 

O'Laithimh, . . 56, n., 56, 57 
O'Laverty, . . . 173, n. 
O'Leary, .... 89 

O'Leary (see O'Laeghaire'). 
Old Court, . 99, 100, 102, 108 
Oliver, . 372. 373, 373, n. 

Ollarba (river Larne). . . 6, n. 
Ollamh, . . . 353, n. 

Olnegmacht, 24, 25, 25, n., 28, n., 

29, n. 

O'Loingsich, . . 54, 55, 55, n. 
O'Lonain, . . 52, w., 52, 53 
O'Macdairic, . . 52, n., 52, 53 
O'Madalla, . . . 216, w. 
O'Maelchonaire, Tanaidhe, 338, 339 
O'Maeilpeadair, . . . 50, n. 
O'Maeilseachlainn, 170, 171, 171, n. 
Omagh (see Otny}, . . .309 
O'Mailceallaigh, . . .56, n. 
O'Mailchomadh, . . . 55. n. 
O'Mailchorna, . . . 56, n. 

O'Mailfhina, . 30, n., 30, 31 

O'Mailguirm, . 54, 55, 55, n. 

O'Mailruanaidh, . . 171, n. 
O'Mailtemhin, . 54, 55, 55, n. 
O'Mainchin, . 52, 53, 53, n. 

O'Mahony, 9, n., 141, 143, ., 144, 
229, 395, 399 




O'Mahony (see O'Mathghamhna). 
O'Mathghamhna (see O'Mahony), 

12, 13, 14, n., 135, 142, 143, 
143, n., 385, 349, . 
O'Meehegan, the thick-thighed, 

328, n. 

Omey, .... 217 

O'Melaghlin of Meath (see 

O'Maeilseachlainn Midhe). 
O'Mirin, ... 52, n., 52, 53 
Omoly, Capt. Gren, . . 208 
O'Mordhas, . , . 372, n. 
O'Mores (see O'Mordhas). 
O'Moriarty (see O'Muircheartach). 
O'Morroghon, . . .135 

O'Morys, Charles, the Bishopp, 181 
O'Mothola (Mohilly). See Ua 


O'Moylervine, . . .181 

O'Muimhnich, . 50, 51, 51, n. 

O'Muimhnig (see O'Muimhnich). 

O'Muireadhaich, . . 54, 55 

O'Muircheartach, . . 142, 143 

O'Mudain, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

O'Mulreadhaigh, . . . 55, n. 

O'Mulrony, .... 180 

Omy (Omagh), 260, 261, 263, 313 

Onchu, .... 42, 43 

O'Neill, 2, n., 54, 55, 146, n., 149, n., 

153, n., 154, 154, n., 155, 157, n., 

159, n., 163, 164, 165, 165, ., 

166, n., 167, n., 170, 170, n., 171, 

172, n., 174. 175, 176, 177, 179, 

180, 181, 182, 205, 205, n., 227, 

240, 243, 245, 247, 250, 251, 259, 

268, 272, 275, 297, 298, 306, 307, 

308, 309, 313, 315, 316, 318, 321, 

323, 325, 353, >... 369, n., 404, 


O'Nuallain, . . . . 54, n. 
Open purse . . . 50, 51 

O'Raghallaidh . . , .223 


Ore, Island of, . . 66, 67 
O'Regane, William Mac Ranell 135 
O'Reillys, . . . .176 
Orkney Islands, . . . 67, n. 
Orlaith, . . 12, 13, 15, n. 

Orme, Captain Roger, . . 257 
Ormond, 34, n., 44, n., 46, n., 227, 


O'Rourke, I . . 28, n., 204, 205 
O'Rothlain, . . 30, 31, 31, n. 
O'Ruaidhre, ... 52, 53 

O'Ruairc, 52, n., 83, 84, 209, 220, 
221, 222, 223, 319, 321 
O'Scingin, . 26, 27, 27, n., 28, n. 
O'Seaghsa, . . . .385 
O'Sealbhaic, . 54, 55, 55, n., 92 
Oscar, . . . 332, n. 

O'Sheas, . . . . 9, n. 

O'Sife, . , 54, n., 54, 55 

O'Sillan (see Silan). 
O'Sinnaich, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 
Osraidhe, . . .20, n., 384 
Ossory (see Osraidhe}. 
O'Suileabhan (O'Sullivan), . 12, n. 
O'Sullivan, 142, 296, 298, 299, 
303, n., 314, 316, 322, 341, n., 
352, n., 358, n., 386, 387, 388, 
389, 391,399, 402,402, n. 
O'Tograin (see O'h-Odhrain). 
O'Torpa, . . 52, n., 52, 53 

O'Treabhair, . . . 29, n., 80 
O'Treana, . . 52, n., 52, 53 
O'Tuailchin (see ffFuailchiri). 
O'Tuaraidhe, . 52, n., 52, 53 

O'Tuathail, Theobald, his death, 


O'Turmoltaigh (seeO'/i- Urmoltaigh). 
O'Uarinsce, . . . . 29, n. 
Ouseley's house, . . . 26, n. 
Owen Og, 270, 278 

Owenbeg, . . . 206, n, 
Owenmore, . . . 206, n. 



Owney (see Uaithne Thire). 
Owneybeg (see Uaithne Cliach}. 


170, n. 

Patrick Ban, . 

Penelope (see Finnuala). 

Percival, . . . 109, 110 

Perrot, Sir John, . . .214 

Phelim Keagh, 247, 252, 257, 261 

Pict-land (see Cruithean-tuaitJi). 

Poers, 93 

Pope, The, . . . .199 
Port Hall, . . . .313 
Port-Lairge, . 152, 152, 153 

Fortumna, . . . . 61, n. 
Powell, , . . . .396 
Powers, . . .94. 96, 98 



Priest, a Guide hanged for robbing, 


Priests, murder of two, . . 91 
Frist, escape of, . 209, 209, n. 
Ptolemy, . . . . 25, n. 


Quarry, Rev. John, 
Queen Elizabeth, 
Quin (see O'Cuinn). 
Quit Rents, 




Ragh, 140 

Raghnall, 410, n., 410, 41 1, 414, n., 
414, 415 

Rahynenyboull, . . 113 
Raleighs, . . . .116 
Ramullan, . . 250, 269, 308 
Randacapane, . . 99, 100 

Ranell, Onore ny . . . 112 
Raphoe, 167, n., 301, ., 303, n., 
307, 309, 362, n. 

Raphoe (see Rath bhoth}. 
Rashligh, Edward, . . 136 

Ratharrowne, . . 113, 114 

Ratharrownebegge, . . 114 

Rathbarry, \ . 53, n., 55, n. 
Rath-bhoth, . 158, n,, 158, 159 

Rathclaren, . . . .112 
Rathcroghan (see Cruachain Aei}. 




Rathe, . 


Rathmelton, .... 

Rathmore, .... 

Reamemore, .... 


Rebells, .... 

Red Branch (see Craebh Ruadh}. 

Red Strand, 

. 225 
. 122 
. 46, n. 
99, 102, 215 
26, n., 26, 27 
. 308 
. 123 
. 119 
. 133 
. 390 


Rechtghidh Righdherg, . 60, 61 

Reeks, 399 

Renalds, . . . 138, 139 

Riaghlan, . . . . 5, w. 
Righdhamhna, . . .174 
Rincormack, . . .140 

Rineidrolane, . . 138 

Ringarogeh, . . . . 99 
Ringirrogy, . . . .102 
Ringroan Castle, . . .396 
River Bann, .... 293 

Bael, . . 303, 303, n. 

Finn, . 306, 322, 362, n. 

Foyle, . . . .307 

Foyle (see Loch Feabhuil). 

Riverview, .... 398 
Roche, . . . . 134, 135 
Rodanus (see St. Ruadhan). 
Roe, river, . . 166, n., 313 

Rome, . . .21, n., 325 

Ronan, . . 10,11,34,35,36,37 
Rory or Rogers (see O'Ruaidhre}. 



Ros Cede, . . . .175 

Roscomain, .... 320 

Roscurryne, . . . .106 

Ros-Guil, .... 322 

Ros Ailithre, 10, 11, 11, w., 15, n., 

21, n.,23, n., 47, n., 141, 384, 


Rosa Ruadh Ripe, . 62, 63 

Roscommon, . 27, n., 28, n,, 141, 

155, n., 171, n., 192, 204, 208, 

209, 209, w., 222, 226, 295, 350, 

n., 358, n. 

Ross, 10, ., 36, 37,;38, 39, 46, 47, 

48, 49, 52, n., 55, "n., 87, 88, 89. 

90, 140, 141, 141, n., 193, n., 384, 
386, 412, 413, 413, n. 
Ross (see Fiadh Ruis). 
Ross Carbery, 11, w., 47, n., 100 
Ross Carrbry, Lord Bysshopp of, 106 
Rossclogher, 28, n., 82, 84, 85 

Rosslee, . .190, n., 221, n. 

Rossmore, . . . .121 
Rossyimy, . . . .128 
Rothlan, . . . . 5, n. 

Rourke, Katherine Ny, . . 85 
Rowley (see O'Rothlain'). 
Rowry, .... 89 

Ruaidhre, 52, n., 62, 63, 83, 172, 173 
Rudhraidhe, . . . 81 

Ryndacassin, . . 102, 122 

Ryne, .... 117 

Rynedrolane, . 102, 106, 123 

Rynegcroggie, . . .123 

Rynemorogh, . . . 116 

Rynenysynnagh, . . . 116 
Rynne Cormocke, . . .102 



Saighir Chiarain, 
Bishop of, 

. 4, n. 
20, 21,21, n. 



Saithgheal, . . . 16, 17 

Saivenose, . . . 88, 89 

Sanbh, . . . 62, 63 

Sannagh, . . . .128 

Sarsfield, . . . .229 
Sault, .... 93 

Savenesag, .... 88 
Saxons, . ... 146, 147 

Seal Balbh, . . 24, n., 24, 25 
Seal's Monument (see Leacht an 

Scannlan, . . 18, 19, 46, 47 

Dubh, . . 36, 37 

Sceallan, . . 18, 19, 32, 32 
Scholiast of Aenghus, . 4 22, w. 
Scoghbane, . . . .113 
Scoole, .... 142 

Scott, . . . .140 

Scottes, .... 209 

Scull, . . . .116 

Seamann, .... 88 
Seanach, . . 16, 17, 38, 39 

Seanchlanna, . . 36, 37 

Seascann-Lubanach, . . 322 
Seasnan, . . 40, 41, 64, 65 

Seatna Lithbhair, . . 58, 59 

Senainn, ... 60, 61 

Seoinen, . . . . 80 

Serkieren, .... 23, n. 
Shallow, Shelly (see O'Sealbhaigh}. 
Shanacourte, . . .122 

Shanavoghtowrie, . . .125 
Shane-Court, ... 99 

Shanlaragh, . . . .127 
Shannon, . 61, n., 70, w., 350, n. 

Shanyguill, . . . .112 
Shee-Hill (see Sidh-na-bhfoar- 


Sherkey Island (see Inis-h-Arcabi) . 
Sherkine Island, . . . 143 
Sherlock, . . . . 95 

Shinny ( see 




Shronenycarton, . . . 117 
Sidh-na-bhfear-bhfinn, 52, n., 52,53, 89 
Sigeang, . . . 40, 41 
Sil Maelruanaidh, . .311 
Sil-Muireadhaigh, . . 295 
Silan, . 32, 33, 33, ., 36, 37 
Simon - ftft 


Sliabh Toadh, 158, 158, n., 159, 
159, n. 
Truim, . . 163, n. 
SlichtAirtUiNeill, . 162, n. 
Slieve Bloom (see Bladhma). 
Slieve Gallion, . . .314 
Slieve Gallion (see Sliabh Cal- 
Slieve Gamph (see Slewgawe'). 
Slieve Golry (see Sliabh Calraidli). 
Slieve Phelim (see Sliabh 
Sligach (see 5%o), 300,310,318, 
Sligo (see Sligach'), 27, n., 28, n., 
82, 141, 155, n., 175, 203, 204, 
205, 208, n., 209, n., 210, n., 215, 
218, 223, 225, 226, 306, n. 
Sligoe, 211 

Sirchreachtach , 

60, 7i., 70, 71,319 
42, 43 
30, 31 
24, 25, 56, 57 
. 5, n. 

Skibbereen, 10, n., 

Sleavemore, . 

. 125 
. X . . 126 
. 113 
. 123 
. 134 
. 133 
32, n., 51, n., 88, 
397, 398, 399, 400 
207, n. 
. 126 
. 397 
. 116 
. Ill, 393 
102, 106, 123 

Slogidder, . . . .133 

Sloughtea, . . . 99, 102 
Slught Corcky, . . .131 

Dermody Y-Driskoll, 106 

T)onncrh 1 SS 

Dnnnn-hv T Dn'^lrnll lOfl 

Ea, . . . .119 

Sleevemore, . 

. 138 
16, 17, 38, 39, 385 
. 265 
251, 259, 308 
. 118 
207, 207, n. 

en-Naspigg, . . 106 
Fahy, . . .116 
larine, . . .119 
MacHanyse, . .106 
O'Driskoll 16 

Towen, , .12-2 

Teige I-Driskoll, . 106 
Slugtheige O'Mahowney, . 124 
Smerwick, . .214 
Smoorane, . . . .127 
Snamh-da-ean, 348, 349, 349, n. 
Sneadhghal, . . 34, 35, 40, 41 
Sneadhghus, ... 42, 43 
Soalt, . . . 62,63 

SmnViPinp. 36. 37 


158, 159 
154, 155, 155, n. 

. 26, n. 
. 220 
. 297 
. 34, 7i. 
. 319 

14fi. n 14(1 147 


- . an laranni 



Spain, 199, 248, 348, n. y 348, 349, 
358, 359, 386, 387, 388 
Spanish colony in Ireland, . 86 
Squince, . . 10, n., 54, n. 

Srath-ban, .... 322 
Staggs. . . 29, 103, 104 

Stewartstown, . . . 313 

Stibie, 132 

Stibnie, . . .130, 131 

Stironekineali, . . . 116 

Strabane, 160, n., 162, n., 168, n., 


Strangford Lough, . 159, n. 

St. Bridget's Girdle, . 173, n. 

Bridget of Kildare (see 
Brigliid Cill-dara). 

Cairneach, . . 302, n. 
~ Ciaran, 20, n., 21, n., 22, n., 

23, n., 384 

Ciaran's Church (see Cill- 

Coemhghin, . . . 31, n. 

Deaglan, . . .384 

Fachtna, . . 11, n., J41 

Francis, . . .305, 306 

James, .... 386 

Kieran, time of his birth, 21, n. 

Molua, . . . . 29, n. 

Patrick, 20, 21, 22, n. t 27, n., 

29, n., 149, n. 

Ruadhan, . . . 45, n. 

Tighearnan, . . . 30, n. 

Tighearnan's dish (see St. 

Suca river, . . 200, n., 219 
Suck (see Suca). 

Suibhne, ... 34, 35 

Suileach river, . . 175,323 
Sullagh, . . . .131 

Sullivans, .... 50, n. 
Sunday, not to be profaned, 

153, n. 


Swanton, (Thomas), 48, n., 50, n. 
Swilly (see Suileach river). 


Tadhg Bacach, 

- Caech, 

- Glinne, 


58, 59, 84, 86, 160, 161, 

... 81 
. . 167, n. 

Mor, .. 
Og, . 

of the Stone, 

.. 81 
81, 84 

. . 80 

148, 148, n., 149 


Tailginn, . 

Tailltin, . 

Tandragee (see Tonregye). 

Tara, . . 6, ., 155, rc.,^373, n. 

Tara (see Teamhair), 



-- Cairnean, 

-- Casgain, 

397, n. 

28, 29, 29, n. 
28, 29, 29, n. 
28, 29 

28, n., 28, 29 
28, 29, 28, n. 
28, n., 28, 

Treabhaire, 28, 29, 29, n. 

Uaruisce, . 28, 29, 29, n. 

Teamhair, 68, 69, 69, n., 76, 77, 
150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 

155, n. % 
Teamhair (see Tara). 


Curnain, . 
- Critain, 



Tearmann Daibheog, 

Teelin (see Teilinn). 
Teffia (see Teabhtha). 

10, 11, 

11, n. 

. 174 






Teite, ... 58,59 

Tettau, Major Gen. . . 396 

Templemore, . . .296 

Termonmagurk, . . . 313 
Terwin Mac Guirck, . 260, 313 
Thomas Mor, . . . 81 

Thomas Og, ... 81 

Thome-Battinbreake, . . 129 
Thomond, 82, 176, 161, n., 194, 297, 
298, 300,310,390 

Thyneagh, . . . .129 

Tibraide, ... 36, 37 

Tighearnach, ... 36, 37 

Tighearnan, 80, 81, 170, 171, 171, n. 

Tigh-Malag, . . . .385 

Timoleague (see Tigh-Malag}. 

Tipperary, 34, n., 41, n., 42, n. 45, n., 

46, n., 50, n., 61, n. 

Tir-Chonaill. 146, n., 176, 180, 183, 

217, 219, 220, 223, 321, 322, 368, n., 

374, n. 

Eoghain, 146, n., 174, 175, 179, 

180, 308, 314, 368, n. 

Fhiachrach, 220, 306, 318, 319 

Luigheach, . . 340, 341 

Oililla, . . . 141, 218 

Thuathail, . . .141 

Ua-n-Amhalghadha, . 28, 29 
Tirawley, 27, n., 30, n., 209, n., 220, 


Tirconnell, 246, 248, 266, 267, 278, 

305, n., 308, 309, 310, 314 

' Tireragh, 207, n., 209, n., 306, n. 

Tirerrill, . . . 222, 225 

Tirerrill (see Tir-Oililla). 

Tirlogh Lenogh, 





. 310 

. 298, 313 

. 240, 309 

. 309 

207, n. 


62, 63, 64, 65 

Tonn Chidhna, 






Torpy (see O'Torpa). 

Tower of Enagh, 






379, . 
221, n. 
170, n. 
. 223 
. 116 

. 309 
. 140 
. 396 
. 385 
20, n., 22, n. 

Claen, 48, n., 48, 49, 87, 92 
Claine, . . . 48, n. 
Gahami, , 90 

Kieran (see Traigh- 

Li (Tralee), . 13, n., 385 

Long, 52, n., 52, 53, 89, 113, 


48. n., 48, 49, 87 




32, 33, 38, 39, 44, 45, 46, 

Trevor (see O'Treabhair}. 
Tricha -cead-meodhanach, 
Tricha Meadhonaigh, 
Tuam, Archbishop of, 

Tuath Fore . 

Iboth, . 







Ruis, . 

Ui Chonneid, 

58, n. 
. 56, n. 
. 52, n. 
54, n., 198, 
200, 224 
. 60, n. 
. 60, n. 
. 50, 51, 89 

. 52,53,89 


52, 53, 90 

. 50, 51, 89 

. 50, 51, 89 




Tuath-Ui-Duibhdaleithe, 54, 55 

Ua Dubhdaledhe, . 10, n. 

Tuatha De Danann, . 2, n., 2, 3, 
362, n., 364, 365 

Toraighe, ' . . .298 

Tuathal, . . . 36,37 

Bearra, . . 34, 35 

Teachtmhar, . . 24, n. 

Tulach-na-dala, . . 216, n. 

teann, ... 20, 21 

Tullagh, 99, 106, 138, 139, 143, 394 
Tullaghe, .... 100 
Tullelane, 113 




Turloch Mochain, 


Twomealye, . 





. 222 
216, n. 
. 133 
. 224 
344, 345 
. 120 
. 124 
. 121 
209, 211 

245, 249, 269, 272, 281, 

Tyrehugb 294 

Tyreraghe, . . . .207 

Tyreowen, . . . .180 

Tyrone, 149, n., 155, n., 159, n., 

160, n., 162, n., 222, 239, 240, 241, 

244, 251, 253, 254, 257, 259, 260, 

263, 264, 265, 266,. 268, 270, 271, 

272, 274, 275, 276, 277, 279, 280, 

281, 284, 293, 297, 308, 309, 313, 

322, 367 

Tyrone (see TirEoghain). 
Tyrone's Rebellion, . 342, n. 

Tyrone, his flight, . . 258 


Ua Adhaimh, . 50, 50, n., 51 

_ Aenghusa, 18, 19, 36, 37, 44, 45 


Ua Aingle, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Ainnle, . . . . 44, 45 

Aithne 18, 19 

Badhamhma, 36, 36, n., 37, 44, 45 

Baire Ara, . . .42, 43 
. Bairr, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Baiscne, Finn, . . .62, 63 

Briain, .... 176 

Buadhaigh, . 50, 50, n., 51 

Builc, . . . . 44, 45 
~ Builg, . . . . 22, 23 

Cairbre Aedha, . . . 54, n. 

Cathain, . . . 165, n. 

Cathbhaidh, 34, 34, n., 35, 35, n. 

Ceadagain, . . , 11, n. 

Ceartaigh, . . . 50, n. 

Chaingne, . . . 50, 51 

Cheartaigh, . . .50, 51 
_ Chuindlis, . . .36, 37 

Ciabhain, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Cobhthaigh, 8, 9, 9, n., 58, n. 

Coinneid, . . . . 46, 47 

Conaill, . . . . 46, 47 

Conchobhair, , . .42, 43 

Corrbuidhe, . . .52, 53 

Cuinn, . . 30, 31, 31, n. 

Doire, . .50, 50, n., 51 

Dubhain, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

Dubhagain, . . . 44, 45 

Dubhchonna, . . .50, 51 

Duibhfhleasc, . . . 18, 19 

Duibhleanna, . . .56, 57 
_ Duibhlisc, . . 22, 23, 44, 45 

Duinnin, . . 52, 53, 53, n. 

Dunadhaich, . . .56, 57 


Eachach, . . . . 60, 61 

Eathach of Uladh, . . 60, n. 

Eathach-Mumhan, . . 141 

Eidersceoil, 8, 9, 9, n., 10, 11, 12, 

13, 56, 57, 57, n. 

Eineachlais, . 30, 31, 31, n. 




Ua Fiachrach, 4, n., 27, n., 28, ., 30,n. 
Aine, . 141, n. 

Finn, . . 28, 28, w., 29 

Finain, . . 30, 31, 31, n. 
_ Floinn, . . 30, 30, n., 31 

Floinn-Arda, . . . 8, 9 

Gaibhtheachain, 30, 30, n., 31 

h-Aedha, . . . . 54, 55 

h-Aigheanain, . . . 44, 45 

n-Eathach, . . .384 

larnain, . . . . 30, 31 

Laeghaire (Iveleary) . . 5, n. 

Maethagain, (Eoin Masach), 328, 

328, n., 329 

Maeileadair, . . . 50, n. 

Mailchomadh, . 54, 55, 56, 57 

Maileadair, . . . 50, 51 
_ Mailcheadaich, . . .56, 57 

Mainchine, . . .36, 37 

Maine, . . 18, 19, 44, 45 

Meiceidich, . 50, 50, n., 51 

Meccon, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Mic-Eirc, . . 38, 39, 44, 45 

Mongain, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Mothla, . . 50, 50, n., 51 

Mutain, . . . .384 

Neill, . . . 171, w, 

Odhradain, . . .52, 53 

Rosna, . . 50, 51,51, n. 

Tighearnaigh, . . . 44, 45 
Uaith-Nia, . . 60, 61, 62, 63 
Uaithne, . . . . 60, 61 

Cliach, 42, 42, n., 43, 62, 63 

Thire, 42, 42, n., 43, 62, 63, 


Ualghary 83 

Uisene, . . . . . 16, 17 

Uisne 18, 19 

Uisneach, . . . 346, 347 
Uitheochar, . . 62, 63 


Uladh, . . . 60, 61, 68, 69 

Ulaidh, .... 148, 149 

Ulidians, . . . 158, n. 

Ulster, 27, n., 151, n., 153, n., 157, . 

158, n., 159, n., 162, n., 163, n., 

169, n., 179, 180, 309, 353, n., 

358, n. 

, Urrighsof, . .316 

Ulstermen, . . . . 66, 67 
Umhall, ... 62, 63, 224 



Virgin Mary's Point, 



Walsh, ... 93, 95, 96, 97 
Waterford, 21, n., 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 

98, 385 

(see Port-Lairge) 

Westmeath, 26, n., 27, n., 357, n. 
West Connacht (see Yerconnaughf). 
Westminster Abbey, . , 214 
Westport, . . . .229 
Wexford, . . . 54, w., 94 

White, 245 

Wicklow, . . 31, n., 93, 97 
Wilde, (W. K.)> . . .28, n. 
Windele, (John), .' . 52, n., 399 
Wiseman, . 107,109,110,111 
Wooden-Houses, . . 156, n. 
Woodlock, .... 95 
Wyndebacke, .... 279 


Yerconnaught (see Jar Connacht), 198 
Yoaghilly, .... 122 
Yoghill, 98 





(From the original Prospectus, 1847.) 

" THE Materials for Irish History, although rich and abundant, have 
hitherto been only to a small extent available to the student. The 
few accessible authorities have been so often used, and the works 
compiled from them are so incomplete, that the expectation of any 
History worthy of the Country has been generally deferred, under 
the conviction that vast additions must be made to our stock of 
available materials before any adequate work of that kind can be 

These materials consist of Manuscripts in the Irish, French, Latin, 
Italian, and English languages, of the architectural and monu- 
mental remains still spared to us, and of the numerous vestiges of 
arms, implements, golden ornaments, and other articles in use 
among our ancestors, evidencing their skill in workmanship and 
their advancement in civilization. Many of these are in England, 
or scattered over the Continent ; many, happily, are at home. 

In recent times the earnestness displayed in other departments 
has excited throughout the Country a strong wish to become ac- 
quainted with objects which possess so much interest for men of 
cultivated minds ; and a desire has sprung up among the people to 
study for themselves those historic originals, rather than to expect a 
future historian's representation of them at second-hand. This 
wish seems now widely spread and firmly seated in the national mind. 

The Irish Archa3ological Society, founded on St. Patrick's Day, 
1840, have earnestly labored in the publication of original historic 
documents, of which twelve volumes are now completed, all works 
of great importance, and ably edited; and it is earnestly to be 
hoped that their useful labors may be long continued, and meet 
with that public support which they so eminently merit. t 


However, the field of labor is so large, and long neglect has so 
increased the necessity for exertion, that it has been thought advisable 
to establish another Society ; the office of which will be to aid in 
making public and elucidating the valuable and neglected stores of 
our National literature, to cultivate the study of our native language, 
the greatest record of the Celtic world, and to watch over the pre- 
servation of the monumental and other materials of Irish History. 

The success which has attended similar societies, in other coun- 
tries, affords encouragement to the promoters of this arduous under- 
taking. England and Scotland have their Roxburgh, Maitland, 
Bannatyne, Spalding, Camden, Percy, ' Hakluyt/ and Chetham So- 
cieties. But France is the country to which it is most important to 
look for the successful cultivation of History in the present day ; and 
the labors and publications of 'La Societe de I'Histoire de France,' 
(instituted in 1834,) afford great and encouraging examples. 

But this French Society has done nothing which an Irish Society, 
resting on a broad popular basis, served by willing laborers, and 
drawing on materials so rich and abundant, may not reasonably hope 
to emulate. 

Ireland has yet Celtic Scholars of ripe and accurate learning, pro- 
found and erudite antiquaries, and was never more rich in that wise 
public spirit which is alive to the honor, and athirst for a true know- 
ledge of the Country. 

From archaeology this knowledge must come ; the genius which 
has peopled the hills of Scotland once again with the men of the 
dead past, and made the Norman Conquest familiar to our daily 
knowledge, drew from such a source. To give back to the imagi- 
nation the races that have flourished and passed away in our Country 
is not the work of invention. The historian, the poet, and the 
artist, must collect from the materials, which the Celtic Society seeks 
to preserve, the colors that will give life and reality to their labors ; 
and enable them to adorn their Country with great memories and 
associations, which will make her dearer to her sons, and more 
honored and interesting in the eyes of the world." 





A Treatise on the Rights and Privileges of the Ancient Kings of Ireland, 
now for the first time edited, with Translation and Notes. By John O'Donovan, 
Esq. M.R.I. A. Prefixed to this volume are the following historical and critical 
dissertations by the Editor i. On the various Manuscripts of the Book of 
Rights, ii. On the Saltair Chaisil, or Psalter of Cashel. iii. On the will of 
Cathaeir Mor and other pieces introduced into Leabhar na g-Ceart. iv. On the 
references to Tomar as King or Prince of the Danes of Dublin, v. On the 
Tract prefixed to the Book of Rights entitled ' The Restrictions and Preroga- 
tives of the Kings of Eire.' vi. On the division of the year among the ancient 
Irish, vii. On "the chariots and roads of the ancient Irish, viii. On Chess 
among the ancient Irish, (with engravings.) ix. On the Irish text and trans- 
lation. The large paper copy contains full-length portraits of Archbishop 
Ussher, Luke Wadding, and Roderick OTlaherty. 


Or Refutation of the Authority of Giraldus Cambrensis, on the History of 
Ireland, by Dr. John Lynch, (1662) with some account of the affairs of that 
Kingdom during his own and former times. Edited, with Translation and 
copious Notes, by the Rev. Matthew Kelly, Royal College of St. Patrick, 
Maynooth. Vol. I. 



A Treatise from the Book of Leacan on the O'h-Eidirsceoil's (O Driscol's) 
country, in the County of Cork. 

A Historical Poem on the Battle of Dun, (Downpatrick,) A.D. 1260. 

Sir Richard Bingham's Account of his proceedings in Connacht, in the 
reign of Elizabeth. 

A Narration of Sir Henry Docwra's services in Ulster, written A.D. 1614, 
together with other original documents and letters illustrative of Irish History 
never before published. 

The succeeding volumes of CAMBRENSIS EVERSUS, and other important 
Works, are in preparation. 


Report of the Council to the Annual General Meeting of the Celtic 
Society, held on Tuesday Zth February, 1850. 

" The Council of the Celtic Society feel much gratification in an- 
nouncing that fifty new Members have been elected, notwithstanding 
the unpropitious state of the Country, during the year which has 
elapsed since our last general meeting. 

*' This large accession of support affords a pleasing evidence that the 
importance of the objects of the Celtic Society is becoming more widely 
recognised, and the high value of the ancient history and literature of 
Ireland more justly appreciated than hitherto. 

" Th.e Council have decided on publishing a miscellaneous volume 
for the year 1849. It will contain I. A treatise from the " Book of 
Leacan," on the ancient history and topography of a portion of the 
county of Cork, with an account of the family of O'Driscol. II. A 
historical poem on the Battle of Downpatrick, A.D. 1260, by the Bard 
Gilla Brighde Mac Con Midhe. III. Sir Richard Bingham's "Ac- 
count of his services against the Bourkes in Connacht," in the reign 
of Elizabeth, from the original manuscript in the British Museum. 
IV. A very interesting autobiography, written by the first baron of 
Cuhnore, and entitled " A Narration of the services done by the Armv 
ymployed to Loughfoyle, under the leading of mee Sir Henry Docwra, 
Knight, Charles Lord Mountioy being then Lord Deputie (afterwards 
Earle of Deuonshire and Lord Lewetenant) of Ireland, togeather with 
a declaration of the true cause and manner of my coming away and 
leauing that place. Written in the sommer, 1614, and finished the 
first of September the same year." 

" This volume, which will, we trust, prove acceptable to our Mem- 
bers, is at present in the press and will soon be ready for delivery. 

" During the past few years we have had to contend with difficulties 
of no ordinary nature, owing to the calamitous state of the Country. 
No exertion has, however, been spared on our part, and we have formed 
a very effective organization by the appointment of local 'Agents, which 
will, we expect, be the means of obtaining us many new Members, 

from the facilities thus afforded in the receipt of subscriptions and the 
Delivery of our books. 

" We are most anxious to undertake the publication of some of the 
large and important works on Irish History, not included in the cata- 
logue of the intended productions of our Irish Archaeological Society, 
but %till remaining in manuscript, and inaccessible to the Public, and 
which, if not soon printed, must be inevitably lost to the Country. 
Such are the ''Ctyi) Bo Cu^l^Tje/ or 'History of the Great Seven 
Years' War between Ulster and Connacht,' which, according to 
O'Flaherty, terminated but one year before the Christian era ; ' The Ex- 
ploits of Ceallachan of Cashel, A.D. 939 ;' ' CAC-fie-|rt) TxHt&e*U>A15,' 
or ' The Triumphs of Torlogh,' generally known as the Wars of Tho- 
mond fCuAc Sfeurbxv), written in the year 1459, by SeAAi) 2t)<vc FuA]8- 
TM5 e 2t)e]C R<V]C, giving an account of ' The renowned events that took 
place in Thomond, or North Munster, from the coming of the Stranger, 
in 1172, until the death of Robert- de Clare, in 1318.' ' texvbAji 
^AbAlxv,' or ' The Book of Conquests/ by the O'Clerighs, the learned 
compilers of the ' Annals of the Four Masters;' a correct translation 
of Dr. Geoffrey Keating' s ' 'pojtuf pexvp. A^JI 6f|tji)/ or 'The Chron- 
icles of Ireland,' with the classical Latin version of Dr. John Lynch, 
author of ' Cambrensis E versus.' 

" These, with many other works of high value and importance to 
the students of Irish History, we must, at present, be content with 
merely referring to, in the hope that when they have engaged the 
attention of the Public we shall be furnished with ample funds to rescue 
them from the obscurity in which, to our reproach, they have been so 
long suffered to remain. 

" We have received a communication from the Rev. James Graves, of 
Kilkenny, relative to a manuscript which he has lately discovered among 
the archives of the corporation of that town, and styled by him the 
' Liber Primus Kilkennite.' 

" It is written on vellum in various hands contemporary with the 
respective dates of its contents; and commences with some exceedingly 
curious by-laws, and Corporate enactments relative to the price of 
corn, and the proportionate size and price of bread ; also concerning 
the governments of the markets, and the sanatory regulations of the 
town, &c. dating from the early part of the fourteenth century. Those 
A 2 



by-laws are most curious and present a vivid picture of the internal 
polity and manners of an important town, of what may be called the 
English Pale, although, strictly speaking, Kilkenny never formed a 
portion of that district. These regulations also exhibit the progressive 
change of manners from the commencement of the fourteenth century, 
to the reign of Henry the Eighth, when the manuscript terminates. 

" This volume also contains many unpublished charters, several very 
early lists of burgesses, nearly an uninterrupted list of the chief officers 
of the town, called sovereigns, curious rent-rolls of the Corporation 
property, and some most valuable records of the assizes held at Kil- 
kenny, by Arnold le Poer (celebrated as the champion of Dame Alicia 
Kyteler, accused of witchcraft by Richard de Ledrede), who afterwards 
died excommunicate in the Castle of Dublin ; and other seneschals of 
the Lord of the Liberty of Kilkenny, before that county became shire 
ground. Every student of Irish history must be aware what an inter- 
esting and important subject is presented by these ancient liberties with 
their courts, officers, rights, and immunities. The Kilkenny Liber 
Primus presents us with several plea rolls of the liberty of Kilkenny, 
the earliest of which is headed * E placitis coronse coram Domino Ar- 
naldo le Poer Senescallo Kilkenniae die lunse proximo post festum 
Sancti Michaelis Archangeli, anno Regis Eduardi, decimo octavo ;' 
as also a most important record of the division of the county of Kil- 
kenny between the daughters and coheirs of- Gilbert de Clare, Earl of 
Gloster. At page 56 of the manuscript occur short annals of Ireland, 
reaching down to the year 1334, and giving local information not found 
in other annals. The reverend gentleman, in conjunction with J. G. 
A. Prim, Esq. of Kilkenny, has, in the most liberal manner, offered 
to edit an abstract of this valuable manuscript for the Celtic Society, 
and your Council will gladly undertake its publication, provided they 
receive adequate support from those interested in the history and an- 
tiquities of Kilkenny. Having adopted measures which will in future 
effectually prevent our expenditure exceeding our annual receipts, we 
would, in conclusion, endeavour to impress on our Members the great 
benefit they will confer on the Society by paying their subscriptions 
in advance, as the size of our volumes must necessarily depend on the 
amount of funds thus placed at our disposal." 


Since its Formation in 1847. 

LIFE Members are distinguished by Asterisks. 

Abel, Abraham, Esq. M.R.I.A. Royal Cork 
Institution, Cork 

Browne, Right Rev. George, D.D. Bishop of 

Elphin, Sligo 
Betham, Sir William, Ulster King at Arms, 

Dublin Castle 

Barlow, Rev. Martin, Francis -street, Dublin 
Barnewell, Rev. Patrick, Leixlip 
Barry, Michael Joseph, Esq. Barrister-at- 

Law, Cork 

Barry, James, Esq. Thomas st. Limerick 
Beardwood, Rev. Henry, St. Patrick's Col. 

lege, Maynooth 

Beckett, W. H. Esq. 3, Henrietta-st. Dublin 
Bell, Rev. Edward Hudson, Castlemartyr 
Bellew, Mr. Gerald, 79, Grafton-st. Dublin 
Bellon, Rev.Charles, Everingham Park.York 
Bergan, Rev. Laurence, Rillenaule 
Bermingham, Edward, Esq. 184, Gt. Bruns- 
wick-street, Dublin 
Bindon, Samuel H. Esq. Castleconnell 
Boylan, Thomas, Esq. Hilltown House, 

Burke, Rev. Michael, Trinity -Within, Wa- 


Burke, Very Rev. Dean, Westport 
Burke, Joseph, Esq. Poor Law Office, Cus- 
tom House, Dublin 
Burton, F. W. Esq, M.R.I.A. Salem Place, 


Butler, Rev. John, Gurtnahoe, New Bir- 
Butler, Rev. Richard, D.D. Dean of Clon- 

macnoise, Trim 

Butt, Isaac, Esq. LL.D. 72, Leeson-st.Dublin 
Blachford, John, Esq. 10, Bucklersbury, 


Brady, Francis William, Esq. 26, Pembroke- 
street, Dublin 

Braham, Rev. John, St Mary's, Limerick 
Breen, Rev. Timothy, Ballynacally, Ennis 
Brennan, Rev. Matthew, Thomastown, Co. 


Browne. Michael. Esq. Lismore 
Browne, Rev. Martin, Ballagh 
Byrne, Rev. Patrick, Carrick-on-Suir 
Byrne, Rev. , Carlow 

Cawdon, Right Hon. the Earl of, Wales 
Clarendon, His Excellency the Earl of, 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 
Cullen, Most Rev. Paul, D.D. Primate of all 

Ireland, Armagh 

Cahill, Rev. Richard, Thurles 

Call well, Robert, Esq. M.R.I.A. 25, Herbert- 
place, Dublin 

Cane, Robert, Esq. M.D. Kilkenny 

Cannon, Rev. Patrick, Newport 

Carney, Andrew P. Mason-street, Liverpool 

Carroll, Richard, Esq. Fermoy 

Carroll, Mr. Patrick, Ballinstona, Bruff 

Casement, George, Esq. 9, Henrietta-street, 

Cavanagh, Rev. James, Carlow College 

Codd, Francis, Esq. Prince Edward Terrace, 
Black Rock 

Cody, Patrick, Esq. Mullinavat 

Cogan, Rev. John, North Anne-street, Dublin 

Cogan, W. H. Esq. 60, Rathmines Mall, Dublin 

Coughlan, Patrick, Esq. Limerick 

Coneys, Rev. Thomas De Vere, A.M. Pro- 
fessor of Irish in the University of Dublin 

Connellan, Owen, Esq. Professor of Celtic 
Languages, Queen's College, Cork 

Conry, Rev. John, Clane 

Conway, F. William, Esq.Rathmines, Dublin 

Cooke, Rev. James, D.D. St. John's Colleee, 

Cooke, Thomas L. Esq. Birr 

Cooper, Rev. Peter, D.D. Church of the Con- 
ception, Marlborough-street, Dublin 

Coppinger, William, Esq. Barry's Court, Cork 

Corcoran, Rev. Patrick, Tuam 

Corley, Rev. Michael, Castlebar 

Costello, Rev. Edward, Limerick 

Costello, John, Esq. Galway 

Costello, James, Esq. 25, Nelson-st. Dublin. 

Cummins, Rev. Jeremiah, Kilcrphane, Bantry 

Curry, Eugene, Esq. Royal Irish Academy, 

Cussen, Very Rev. Robert, V.G. Bruff 

Chalmers, Patrick, Esq. Auldbar, Brechin 

Cleaver, Euseby D. Esq. at Dowager Lady 
Mackworth's, 2, Upper Bedford-place, Kus- 
sell Square, London 

Clinche, Hugh O'Brenan,Esq. St. James' Ter- 
race, Dublin 

Close, James Stratherne, Esq. 2, Gardiner's 
Row, Dublin 

Crolly, Rev. George, D.D. Professor, St. Pa- 
trick's College, Maynooth 

Crolly, Rev. William 

Denvir, Right Rev. Cornelius, D.D. Bishop of 
Down and Connor, Belfast 

Daly, Bartholomew, Esq. Patrick-street,Cork 

Davoran, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 

Deasy, Thomas t Esq. Clonakilty 

Deasy, Rickard, Esq. Q,.C. 184, Great Bruns- 
wick-street, Dublin 
I Den, Rev. Patrick, Castlecomer 


Dennehy, Rev. Henry, St. Patrick's College, 


Dillon, John Blake, Esq. 20, Great Charles- 
street, Dublin 

Dixon, Rev. Joseph, D.D. Professor, St. Pa- 
trick's College, Maynooth 
Domvil, W. C. Esq. Santry 
Donovan, Rickard, Esq. Clerk of the Crown, 

County Cork 
Dowley, Very Rev. Philip, St. Vincent's, Cas 

Dowley, Rev. Timothy, Carrickbeg, Carrick- 


Dorrian, Rev. Patrick, Clough, Belfast 
Douglas, Mr. "William Jackson, Kilkenny 
Dowden, Richard (R.) Esq.Rath-Lee, Sunday's 

Well, Cork 

Doyle, Rev.James.D.D.Westland row.Dublin 
Dublin Society, the Royal, Kildare-street 
Duffy, Charles Gavan, Esq. Elm- vale, County 

Duggan, George, Esq. Prospect Cottage, 

Westburn on - Severn 
Dungan, Rev. Mickael, Blanchardstown 
Dunne, John, Esq. Garryricken, Callan 
*Dunraven, Right Hon. the Earl of, M.P. 


Durcan, Rev. Bernard, St Patrick's College, 

Egan, Rev. William, St. Patrick's College, 

Foran, Right Rev. Nicholas, D.D. Bishop of 

Waterford and Lismore, Waterford 
Fapan, Rev. Thomas, St. Patrick's College, 


Fanning, Rev. John, St. John's, Tiverton 
Farrell, Rev. Patrick James, Navan 
Farrelly, Rev. Thomas, St. Patrick's College, 


Farrelly, (the late) Rev. Philip, Moynalty 
Feehan, Rev. Patrick, New Birmingham 
Ferguson, Samuel, Esq. Barrister at Law, 9, 

Upper Gloucester-street, Dublin 
Ferguson, James Frederick, Esq. Grosvenor 

Cottage, Rathgar 
Finn, Rev. Mathew, St. Patrick's College, 


Fitzgerald, Rev. Richard, Waterford 
Fitzgibbon, Henry, Esq. Castlerea 
Fitzpatrick, Rev. M. St. Patrick's College, 

Fitzpatrick, Patrick Vincent, Esq. 29, Eccles- 

street, Dublin 
Foran, Rev. Robert, St. Patrick's College, 


Fottrell, Patrick, Esq. 7, Fleet-street, Dublin 
Furlong, Rev. Thomas, Professor, St. Pa- 
trick's College, Maynooth 
Flanagan, Rev. Thomas, Professor, St. Mary's 

College, Oscott 

Flanagan, Rev. Denis, Mountmelick 
Flanagan, Rev. M., Francis-st. Dublin 
Fleming, John, Esq. Clonea, Carrick on-Suir 
Florry, Mr. George, Secretary, Temperance 

Library, Navan 

Flynn, Rev. Edward, Professor, Navan Semi- 
nary, Navan 
Flynn, Rev. John, Ballymartin, Tallow 

Gaffney, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 

Gaffney, Rev. Myles, D.D. Senior Dean, 

St. Patrick's College, Maynooth 

Gargan, Rev. Denis, Professor, St. Patrick's 

College Maynooth 
Geoghegan, Rev. Michael, Keils 
Geraghty, Rev. Peter, Castlebar 
Geraghty, (the late) J. B. Anglesea-st. Dublin 
*Gilbert, John T. Esq. Villa Nova, Blackrock, 

County Dublin 
Gill, Mr. M. H. Printer to the University of 

Goodman, James, Esq. Irish Scholar T.C.D. 

and Ballyameen, Dingle 
Gorman, Rev. John, St. Canice, Kilkenny 
Gunn, Rev. John, Dean, St. Patrick's Col- 
lege, Maynooth 

Gleeson, Edward M. Esq. Knutsford 
Glennon, Timothy P. Esq. Coventry 
Graves, Rev. Charles, A.M., M.R.I.A. Fellow 

of Trinity College, Dublin 
Graves, Rev. James, A.B. Kilkenny 
Green, Rev. Thomas, Athy 
Griffin, Daniel, Esq. M.D. Limerick 
Griffin, (the late)William,Esq.M.D. Limerick 
Griffith, Rev. Edward, Frome, Somerset 
Grogan, Rev. James, Newport, Tipperary 

Haly, Right Rev. Francis, D.D. Bishop of Kil- 

dare and Leighlin, Carlow 
Herbert, Hon. Algernon, Ickleton, Saffron 

Hill, Lord George Augusta, Ballyane House, 

Hanna, Mr. J W. Moy 
Hardiman, James, Esq. M.R.I.A. Librarian, 

Queen's College, Galway 
Hardiman, Rev. Thomas, Kilmeena,Westport 
Hart, Thomas, Esq. Wind-gap Cottage, Kil- 
Harte, Charles, Esq. 13, Upper Merrion-street, 


Hayes, Rev. Jeremiah, Garransfield, Clonmel 
Hayes, Edward, Esq. 7, Park-street, Leeds 
Hayden, Rev. William, Kilkenny 
Haughton, James, Esq. Eccles- street, Dublin 
Haverty, Martin, Esq. 4, Richmond-street, 

North, Dublin 

Hearne, Rev. Daniel, Liverpool 
Hewitt, Thomas, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, 9, 

Terrace, Turnham Green, Middlesex 
Horan, Rev. Patrick, Navan Seminary, Navan 
Horan, William, Esq. 68, Capel- street, Dublin 
Horgan, (the late) Rev. Mathew, Blarney 
Horgan, (the late) Rev. Cornelius, Mitchels- 

*Hudson, Very Rev. Edward Gustavus, Dean 

of Armagh 
*Hudson, William Elliot, A.M., M.R.I. A. 39, 

Upper Fitzwilliam-street, Dublin 
*Hudson, Henry, Esq. M.D., 23, Stephen s- 

green, North, Dublin 
Button, Thomas, Esq. Summer-hill 
Hyland, Rev. John, Kilcash, Clonmel 

Jennings, Francis M. Esq. Cork 
Jones, Rev. Michael, Navan 
Joy, Rev. John, Dunhill, Waterford 
Joynt, W. J. Esq. Limerick 

*Kildare, Marquis of, M.P., M.R.I.A. Carton, 

Kane, Sir Robert, M.D., M.R.I.A. President, 

Queen's College, Cork 


Koane, Right Rev. William, D.D. Bishop of, 

Ross, Skibbereen 

Keely, Rev. Nicholas, St. John's, Kilkenny 
Kearney, Mr. Nicholas, Denmark-st. Dublin 
Keene, Arthur B. Esq. College-green, Dublin 
Keogh, Win. Esq. M.P. 5, Mountjoy sq. Dublin 
Keleher, Wm. Esq. Library -Society, Cork 
Kelly, Denis H. Esq. M.R.I.A. Castlekelly, 

Mount Talbot, Galway 
Kelly, Rev. Matthew, Professor, St. Patrick's 

College, Maynooth 
Kelly, Rev. John, Kilkenny 
Kelly, James, Esq. T.C. Kilkenny 
Kelly, Patrick, Esq. Maudlin-street. Kilkenny 
Kelly, William, Esq. 
Kelly, Charles, Esq. 41, Lower Gardiner-st. 


Kelly, Rev. Patrick, Crosskiel, Meath 
Kennedy, Joseph, Esq. Limerick 
Kennedy, Charles, Esq. Capel-street, Dublin 
Kennedy, James, Esq. Capel-street, Dublin 
Kenny, Very Rev. John, V.G., P.P- Ennis 
Kenyon, Rev. Patrick, St. Mary's, Limerick 
Kerr, Rev. Patrick, Professor, Irish College, 


Kidd, Charles, Esq. M.D. Limerick 
Kilbride, George, Esq. Templeogue 
Kilroe, Rev. Thomas, Athlone 
Kirwan, Rev. Laurence, St. Peter's College, 


Lalor,Denis Shine.Esq.Castlelough, Killarney 
Lamb, Rev. Patrick, Newtown Hamilton 
Lane, Denny, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, Sydney. 

place, Cork 

Larcom, Major Thos. R.E., V.P.R.I.A. 
Leahy, Rev. James, Francis-street, Dublin 
Leahy, Rev. Patrick, D.D. President, College, 


Leahy, Rev. Thomas, Rathndnes 
Leckie, Archibald, Esq. Paisley 
Lee, Rev. Walter, D.D. Dean, St. Patrick's 

College, Maynooth 
LeFanu, Joseph Sheridan, Esq. A.M. 15, War- 

rington-place, Dublin 
Lenihan, Rev. John, St. Patrick's College, 


Locke, John, Esq. Newcastle, Co. Limerick 
Lucas, Frederick, Esq. Kingstown 
Lyons, Robert D., M.B., T.C.D. 11, South 


Lynch, Rev. Wm. St. James', Kilkenny 
Lynch, Rev. Thomas, Navan Seminary, Navan 
Lynch, Rev. Denis; Fanstown, Kilmallock 
Lynch, Rev. Gregory, Westland-row, Dublin 

Murray, The Most Rev. Daniel, Archbishop 

of Dublin, Mountjoy-square 
Murphy, Right Rev. T., D.D., Bishop of ! 

Clpyne, Fermoy 
Maginn, (the late) Right Rev. Edward, D.D. 

Bishop of Derry 

Mackenzie, John W., Esq. W. S. Edinburgh 
Madden, Richard Robert, Esq. Leitrim Lodge 


Magee, Rev. Daniel, Magherafelt 
Magee, Rev. John, D.D. College, Carlow 
Mangan, (the late) Jas. Clarence, Esq. Dublin 
Martley, Henry, Esq. Barrister at Law, 15, 

Harcourt-street, Dublin 
Martley, James F. Esq. Barrister-at-Law, 86, 

Harcourt- street, Dublin 
Maugham, J. D. G. Esq. 5, Rathmines Mall, 


Meagher, Thomas Francis, Esq. Waterford 
Meany, Rev. Patrick, St. Mary's, Clonmel 
Meehan, Rev. Michael, Carrigaholt 
Meehan, Rev. Michael, (the late) Gurtnahoe, 


Mergin, Patrick J.Esq., C. T., Leighlin Bridge 
Meyler, Very Rev. Walter, D.D. Westland- 

Row, Dublin 

Mitchel, John, Esq. 8, Ontario Terrace.Dublin 
Monsel, Wm. Esq. M.P., M.R.I.A. Tervoe, 


Montgomery, Henry R. Esq., Belfast 
Moore, Rev. Philip, Rosbercon, New Ross 
Moran, Rev. Patrick, Irishtown Dublin 
Moran, Rev.Wm. St. Peter's College, Wexford 
Moran, Rev. Patrick, Kilrush 
Moran, John, Esq. Maynooth 
Moriarty, Rev. David, All Hallows* College, 


Mullally, Rev. James I., Tipperary 
Mullally, Rev. W. F. Annacarty, Tipperary 
Mullen, Rev. Robert, Clonmellon, Meath 
Murphy, Charles, Esq. Cork 
Murphy, Rev. John, Drom 
Murphy, Rev. Dominic, O.S.D. Bandon 
Murray, Rev. Thomas L. Newtown, Tallow 
Murray, Rev. James, Kilskyre, Crosskiel 

Mac Hale, Most Rev. John, D.D. Archbishop 

of Tuam 
Mac Nally, Right Rev. Charles, D.D. Bishop 

of Clogher. Clogher 
MacGettigan, Right Rev. Patrick, D.D. 

Bishop of Raphoe, Letterkenny 
Mac Adam, Robert, Esq. 18, College-square, 


, James, Esq. 18, College- square, 

MacCarthy, Michael Felix, Esq. Collegiate 

School, Drogheda 
Mac Carthy, Rev. Danl. Professor, St.Patrick'a 

College, Maynooth 

Mac Carthy, (the late) Rev. Justin, Mallow 
Mac Cullagh, Wm. T. Esq. M.P. London 
Mac Crossan, Rev. Charles, Strabane 
MacDermott, Philip, Esq. M.D. 49 Bolton- 

street, Dublin 

Mac Dowell, Patrick. Esq. R. A. 75, Margaret- 
street, Cavendish-square, London 
Mac Donnell, Rev. Matthias, Castlebar 
Mac Donnell, Charles P. Esq. Dublin 
Mac Evoy, Rev. Nicholas, Kells, Meath 
Mac Geoghegan, Rev. Thomas, Kilcock 
Mac Glashan, James, Esq. 50, Upper Sackville- 

street, Dublin 

Mac Hugh, Rev. John, Kinsealy, Baldoyle 
Mac Ivor, Rev. James, Ardstraw, Newtown- 

MacManus, Rev. Miles, Westland Row, 


MacManus, Rev. P. Crossboyne, Claremorris 
Mac Manus, Rev. James, Castlebar 
Mac Neile, Alexander, Esq. Lieutenant 37th 

Grenadiers, Madras Array, Secunderabad 
Mac Sweeny, Rev. Denis, St. Mary's Church, 


Nash, Charles De Lacy. Esq. 27, Parliament- 
street, London 

Neville, Rev. Henry, Professor, St. Patrick's 
College, Maynooth 

Nowlan, Very Rev. Edward, V.G. Ossory, and 
P. P. Gowran 

Nowlan, (the late) Rev. Michael, Donemaggin, 

Nowlan, Rev. Patrick J. St. Patrick's College, 

O'Higgins, The Right Rev. William, D.D. 

Bishop of Ardagh, &c. Ballymahon 
O'Renehan, Very Hev. L.F., D.D. President, 

St. Patrick's College, Maynooth 
O'Boyle, Rev. Thomas, Wakefield, Bytown, 

Canada West, North America 
O'Brien, Wm. Smith, Esq. M.P. Cahirmoyle 
O'Brien, Rev. Richd. B. St. Mary's, Limerick 
O'Brien, Rev. Richard, Templemore 
O'Brien, Richard, Esq. Cork 
O'Brien, Mr. John, 45, Patrick-street, Cork 
O'Callaghan, Isaac Stoney, Esq. Barrister at 

Law, 2, Upper Pembroke-street, Dublin 
O'Carroll, Rev. Thomas, Clonoulty, Cashel 
O'Connell, (the late) Daniel, Esq. M.P. 

Merrion-square, Dublin 
O'Connell, Rev. Eugene, All Hallows' College, 


O'Conor, (the late) Rev. John, Golden, Cashel 
O Conor, Rev. Peter, Clonmel 
O'Connor. Rev. Charles James, Glancullen 

Glebe, Golden Ball 
O Clery, (the late) John Thomas, Esq. 10, 

Hamilton Row, Dublin 
O'Dalaigh, Seaan, (Assistant Secretary) 9, 

Anglesea-street, Dublin 
O'Donovan, John, Esq. L.L.D., M.R.I. A. 

(Professor of Celtic Languages, Queen s Col- 
lege, Belfast) 8, Newcomen Terrace, Dublin 
O'Donoghue, Rev. Denis, Listowel 
O'Donnell, Rev. Michael, Leeds 
O'Donnell, John, Esq. (Solicitor), Limerick 
O'Donnell, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 


O'Doherty, Rev. Daniel, Cappagh, Omagh 
O'Dogherty, Rev. John, Mill-street, Cork 
O'Dowd, Rev. Thomas, Westport 
O'Driscol, W. H. Esq. Royal Western Club, 

O'Farrell, James, Esq. 15, Bedford Terrace, 

O'Flaherty, Martin, Esq. 37, Rutland -street, 

North, Dublin 

O'Gorman, Richard, Junr. Esq. Dublin 
O'Gorman, Mr. John F. Bookseller, Limerick 
O'Hagan, Thomas, Esq. 15, Gardiner's-place, 

O'Hagan, Arthur, Esq. 19, Fitzwilliam-street, 

Lower, Dublin 
O'Hagan, (the late) Edward, Esq. Student, 

St. Patrick's College, Maynooth 
O'Hara, Wm. Esq. Limerick 
O'Hara, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 

O'Kane, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 

O'Keeffe, Rev. Robert, Ballyragget, Co. 


O'Kelly, Edward Talbot, Esq. M.D. Maynooth 
O'Laverty, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, 

O'Loghlen, Sir Colman Michael, Bart, 

Merrion-square, Dublin 

O'Loughlin, Rev. Augustin, Dean, Irish Col- 
lege, Paris 

O'Mahony, J. R. Esq. Mullough, Carrick on 


O'Meagher, (the late) Rev. John, Thurles 
O'Neill, Henry, Esq. R.A., London 
O'Reilly, Rev. Edmund, D.D. Professor, St. 

Patrick's College, Maynooth 
O'Rorke, James llice, Esq. SeaView, Clontarf 
O'Rorke, Rev. Terence, S.T.P. Irish College, 


O'Ryan, Anthony, Esq. M.D. Carrick on Suir 
O'Ryan, Andrew, Esq. Gortkelly Castle, 


O'Sullivan, Rev. Mortimer, D.D., Moy 
O'Shea, Rev. Thomas, Callan, Co. Kilkenny 
O'Sheridan, James, Esq. T.C. Arran-quav, 

Olden, Rev. Thomas, Rock Castle, Inishowcn 

Petrie, George, Esq. LL.D., R.H.A., V P. 

R.I. A. 60, Rathmines Mall, Dublin 
Parfitt, Rev. Charles, Mitford Castle, Bath 
Perry, John, Esq. Annamult, Kilkenny 
Pigot, David Richard, Esq. Barrister at Law, 

7, Blessington-street, Dublin 
Pigot, John, Edward, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, 

96, Leeson-street, Dublin 
Potter Henry, Esq. Drakelands, Kilkenny 


Rev. James, Kilmacthomas 
Rev. John, Knockavalla, Cashel 

Rev. Nicholas, President, Navan 
nary, Navan 
Rev. William, Newcastle, Clonmel 

Prendergast, Rev. John, Lockee, Dundee 
Prim, John George Augustus, Esq. Kilkenny 
Proctor, George Allen, Esq. Harcourt 
Terrace, Dublin 

Q,uin, Thomas, Esq. Coalmarket, Kilkenny 
Quin, Thomas, P. Esq. Grosvenor College, 

lledington, Sir Thomas, N., Dublin Castle 
Reeves, Rev.Wm.M.B. Parsonage, Ballymena 
Reeves, Rev. John, St. Patrick's College, 


Rice. Rev. James, S.T.P. Irish College, Paris 
Rivers, Joseph M. Esq. Tybroughney Castle, 


Robertson, E. William, Esq. 26, Chester- 
square, London 

Roche, Rev. James, Ballinvana, Kilmallock 
Roche, Mr. Thomas, Wexford 
Roche, Rev. Thomas, Enniacorthy 
Rogerson, A. E. Esq. 15. Andrew-st. Dublin 
Rooney, Mr. Michael William, 2G, Anglesea- 
street, Dublin 
Rooney, Cornelius L. Esq. 2J, Arran-quay, 


Rowan, Rev. Edward, Kilkenny 
Rowan, Rev. Arthur B., A.M.. M.R.I.A. Bel- 

mont, Tralee 
Russell, Rev. Charles W., D.D. Professor, St. 

Patrick's College, Maynooth 
Russell, Rev. Patrick, Irish College, Lisbon 
Russell, F{ev. Bartholomew, O.S.D. Cork 
Ryan, Michael, Esq. 53, Waterloo Uoad, Dub- 

Slattery, Most Rev. Michael, D.D. Archbishop 

of Cashel, Thurles 
Shrewsbury, Right Hon. the Earl of, Alton 

Sinnott, (the late) Very Rev. John, D.D. 

President, St. Peter's College, Wexford 


Sutton, Michael, Esq. New Ross 

Synan, Edmund J. Esq. Barrister-at-Law, 11, 

Bachelor's Walk, Dublin 
Sheehan, Mr. Daniel, Ardagh, Newcastle 
Skene, W. F. Esq. Edinburgh 
Smith, George, Esq. 104. Grafton st. Dublin 
Smith, Aquilla, Esq. M.D. Baggot-st. Dublin 
Smith, George Lewis, Esq. Darby- street, 

Parliament-street, London 
Smyly, John George, Esq. Barrister-at-Law, 

Merrion-street, Dublin 
Starkey, D. P. Esq. M.R.I A., 1, Sandy Cove 

Terrace, Kingstown 
Stevenson. Rev. Dr. W. Leith 
Swanton, Thomas, Esq. Crannliath, Ballyde- 

hob, Skibbereen 

* Sweet man, Walter. Esq.Mountjoy-sq. Dublin 
Swift Club, Dublin 

*Thirlwall, Rt. Rev. Connop, Bishop of St. 
David's, Wales 

Talbot, John Hyacinth, Esq. M.P. New Ross 

- "ing, M.P. ~ - - 

Tenison, Edward Kii 

Castle Tenison, 

Tennant, K. J. M P. Belfast 

Tighe, Robert, Esq. Fitzwilliam-sq. Dublin 

Todd, Rev. James H., D.D., M.R LA. Senior 

Fellow, Trinity College, Dublin 
Tobin, (the late) Rev. James, Callan 
Tobin, Patrick, Esq. Kells, Co. Kilkenny 
Tormey, Rev. Michael, Kells 
Townsend, Charles William, Esq, Woodside, 


Tully, Rev. James, Professor of Irish, St. Pa- 
trick's College, Maynooth 

Turnbull, W. B. Esq. F.S- A. .Secretary to the 
Antiquarian Society of Scotland, Edinburgh 

Tracy, Rev. William, Kilcock 

Vere, Sir Aubrey De 

Waldron, Rev. James, Partry, Ballinrobe 
Walsh, Rev. Michael, Dunhill, Waterford 
Walsh, Rev. Michael, Ilosbercon, New Ross 
Walsh, (the late) Rev. Edmund, St. Mary's, 


Walsh, (the late) Edward, Esq. Dublin 
Ward, Rev. James, St. Patrick's College, May- 

Waters, George, Esq. 11, South Frederick-st. 
Webb, Patrick Robert, Esq. 5, Herbert-place, 


West, William, Esq. 47, Blessington-st. Dub- 
Wilde William R. Esq. M.D., M.R.I.A. 21, 

Westland-row, Dublin 
Wilson, John, Esq. Lark Hill, Rathmines, 


Windele, John, Esq. Blair's Castle, Cork 
Wynne, Rev. Patrick, Booterstown 
Whitla, Francis, Esq. 32, Eccles-st. Dublin 
Whitty, Very Rev. Robert, D.D. & V.G. 
Professor, Golden Square, London 

Bibliotheque des Dues de Bourgogne, Brussels 

Bibliotheque du Roy, Paris 

Library of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin 

Library of the Koyal Dublin Society 

Library of the Hon. Society of King's Inns, Dublin 

Library of St. Patrick's College, Maynooth 

Library of Primate Marsh, Dublin 

Library of the University of Edinburgh 

Library of the Writers to the Signet, Edinburgh 

Library of the Limerick Institution 

Library of the Dublin Mechanics' Institute 

Library of the Stephen's Green Club, Dublin. 


THE VERY REV. LAURENCE F. O'RENEHAN, D.D., President, Royal College of St. 

Patrick, Maynooth. 


The Most Noble the Marquis of KILDARE, 

M.P., M.R.I.A. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of DDNRAVEN, M.P., 

M.R.I. A. 
The Very Rev. RICHARD BUTLER, A.B., 

M.R.I, A. Dean of Clonmacnoise 


A.M. Dean of Armagh. 
Sir ROBERT KANE, M.R.I. A. President of the 

Queen's College, Cork. 
The Very Rev. WALTKR MEYLKU, D.D. 


Henry Hudson, Esq. M.D., M.R.I.A. | Thomas Hutton, Esq., M.R.I.A. 

Walter Sweetman, Esq., M.R.I.A. 


John Edward Pigot. 


John T. Gilbert, Esq. | Patrick R. Webb, Esq. 


Samuel H. Bindon, Esq. 

James S. Close, Esq. M.R.I.A. 

Rev. George Crolly, D.D. 

Rev. Thomas Farrelly. 

James Frederick Ferguson, Esq. 

Patrick Vincent Fitzpatrick, Esq. 

Rev. Charles Graves, F.T.C.D., M.R.I.A. 

Rev. James Graves, A.B., Kilkenny. 

James Hardiman, Esq. M.R.I.A. 

William Elliot Hudson, A.M., M.R.I.A. 

Rev. Matthew Kelly. 

Charles P. Mac Donnell, Esq. M.R.I.A. 

Richard R. Madden, Esq., M.R.I.A. 

Very Rev. Edward Nowlan, V.G. Ossory. 

Isaac Stoney O'Callaghan, Esq. 

Thomas O'Hagan, Esq. 

Rev. William Reeves, M.B., M.R.I.A. 

Rev. Charles Russell, D.D. 

John George Smyly, Esq. 

Edward King Tenison, Esq. M.R.I.A. 

Robert James Tennant, Esq. M.P. 

William Robert Wilde, M.D., M.R.I.A. 


Seaan O'Dalaigh. 


The Hibernian Bank, Castle-street, Dublin. 


CoRK-John Windele, Esq. | EDINBURGH W. B. Turnbull.Esq. F.S.A. 

KILKENNY Robert Cane, Esq. M.D. 


ARMAGH John McWatters, English-street. 
BELFAST Henry Greer, High-street. 
BRISTOL Wilson Andrews, Corn-street. 
CORK Daniel Mulcahy. Patrick-street. 
DERRY Mossom Hempson, Ship Quay-street 
DOWNPATRICK Conway Pilson, Irish-street. 
EDINBURGH Thomas G. Stevenson, Prince's- 


KILKENNY John G. A. Prim, High-street. 
LEEDS Michael Freeman, Briggate. 

LIMERICK Joseph Lynch, Sexton-street. 
LONDON William Pickering, Piccadilly. 
MANCHESTER Simms & Dinham, Exchange. 


NEWRY Robert Greer, Margaret-square. 
THURLBS Matthew Quinlan, Main-street. 
WALKS William Rees, Llandovery, Caermar- 

WATERPORD Stephen Phelan, Coal Quay. 

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Celtic Society, Dublin 
905 Miscellany of the Celtic 

C4 Society.