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Digitized by 


Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Missionary Herald 



American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions 


Other Benevolent Operations 

For the Year 191 1 


BOSTON, MASS. Digitized by 



HgUHl, 5 JAM lill2 

Digitized by 


f.::-yfz?-''" ' ■■ - 





■y. /^7 

Africa. (See Rhodesia Branch, Zulu Branch, 
and West Central Missions.) Some Moslem 
methods adopted, 7 ; Prayer for, 23 ; Rejoic- 
ing and mourning in Uganda, 35; Missions 
without a home base, 139; Opposition to 
Christianity, 370; Sleeping sickness increas- 
wigi 437; The Kavirondo, 467; Method of 
approach to the African, 468. 
Africa, West Central Mission. Vacation visits, 
31; The Day's Round — On an outreach- 
ing tour, 113; The Ovimbundu, 1S2; Good 
progress at Ochileso, 275 ; A blow at witch- 
craft, 309 ; Visit from government officials in 
Bih^, 321; Good news from Bailundu and 
Chisamba, 324; Dr. and Mrs. R. G. Moffatt 
to join, 338 ; Change in postal address, 380, 
433 ; An Umbundu vocabulary, 383 ; First 
year impressions, 514. 

Albania, 134, 180, 380, 434, 465. 

All-Turkey Conference, 191 2, 250,493. 

American Bible Society, Tercentenary of the 
King James version of the Bible, 51. 

American Board post cards, 107, 156. 

Annual Meeting, 312, 337, 433, 452,489, 490; 
Minutes of, 595 ; Resolutions of, 552. 

Annual Survey, 523. 

Apportionment Plan, The time factor in, 173; 
The Laymen's Movement and, 218; 1,000 
every-member canvasses, 313 ; Apportionment 
commission to the churches, 350; Is the 
Board loyal to it ? 398. 

Appropriations for 191 2, 554. 

Arabia, Foreign Mission of University of Mich- 
igan, 189. 

Articles : 

Adana, A great day in, 60. 

AUen, Rev. Herbert Marsena, 117. 

All Together, 219. 

Apportionment Plan, Time factor in, 173. 

Apportionment year. Close of, 66. 

Apportionment commission to the churches, 


Binding West to East, 565. 

Breaking nets and beckoning partners, 309. 

By-Products of Foreign Missions. Explora- 
tions, 24; Language and literature, 69; 
Modem education, 124; Industrial ad- 
vance, 175; A new commerce, 221; New 
social Older, 268; Cooperation and unity, 
315; Modem medicine in the EUist, 356; 
Blunted sense of responsibility, 400 ; Intro- 
duction of the East to the West, 453; 
Changed attitude of the East to Chris- 
tianity, 571. 

Christmas at Aintab, 559. 

Comity, The cost of — An African incident, 
164, 318. 

Danger of the awakening, 388. 

Davis, Dr. Jerome D., 1 1 ; An appreciation 
of, 13. 

Day's Round, The. In a mission college, 53 ; 
On an outreaching tour in West Africa, 
113; In a theological seminary, 159; In a 
kindergarten; 252; In a mission hospital, 
298, 340 ; In mission touring, 384 • Among 
vUlage schools, Ceylon, 438 ; In the indus- 
trial department, 494; In a street chapel, 


DeForest, John Hyde, d.d. — An appreciation, 

Easter day in Jibin, 347. 
Edinburgh, After, 68. 
Forth to the fight they fare, 390. 
Home again, 567. 
Horoscope for India, 449. 
India, In sulky, 563. 
Kara Hissar-Sharki, 306. 
Keskar, Dr. P. B. — Friend of the friendless, 


Kickers, The — A study in human nature, 569. 

Kurdish village, A night in, 342. 

Laymen's Movement and the apportionment, 

Little Treasure, The refining of, 9. 

Lucknow Conference on Missions to Mos- 
lems, 162. 

Lyman, Dr. A. J., at Ahmednagar, 166. 

Macedonia, Man from, 584. 

Master builder of Shansi, 56. 

Merry Christmas in India, 169. 

Messenger of the King (Rev. Theodore S. 
Lee), 448. 

Milwaukee, Message from, 396. 

Missionary, Did you ever own one ? 266. 

Missionary concert. The new, 262. 

Missionary literature. Best use for, 22. 

Missionary and Moslem agree. Where, 62. 

" Missionary, Our," 21. 

Money, The best way to get, 568. 

Natal has her diamond jubilee, 393. 

New times in ancient Greece, 112. 

No time, 498. 

On the King's highway, 443. 

On the track of the massacres (Central Tur- 
key), 108. 

One thousand every-member canvasses, 313. 

Pangchwang, The new, 560. 

Plague, The imperiling, 215. 

Poole, Maria Brooks, 208. 

Proved by fire, 58. 

Digitized by 




Rhodesian days, Two of my, 303. 

Russell, Miss, of Peking, 445. 

Snowed under, 213. 

Social service in India, 207. 

Spain, Liberty of worship in, 63. 

Stanley, Rev. Charles A., 14. 

Sorahji, Mother, 58. 

Summer opportunities, 312. 

Sunday schools. An open door to the, 265. 

Support of definite work, The, 21. 

Theology to bridges. From, 167. 

To the far fields, 499. 

Vacation trip to Shansi, 502. 

Van Allen, Mrs. Harriet A. — A life laid 

down, 352. 
Waking up Boston, 570. 
Witchcraft, A blow at, 309. 
Woman^s hall of enlightenment, 446. 
World in Boston, 121, 220, 257. 
Yuletide, Ye, 86. 
Year-Book for 19 10, 66. 
Austria, Mission to. Opening the Bible, 178; 
Need for church buildings, 435. 

Baptist Missionary Society (English), debt of, 

Births, 89, 143, 193. 

Bookshelf, The. Gairdner*s Echoes from Edin- 
burgh, 39 ; Mott's Decisive hour of Christian 
missions, 39; Jefferys and Maxwell's The 
Diseases of China, 87 ; Jones's The modem 
missionary challenge, 88 ; Greene's Christian 
movement in Japan,'88; MacGillivray's China 
Mission year-book, 89; Rice's Orientalisms 
in Bible lands, 142; Lambert's Missionary 
heroes in Oceania, 142 ; Cody's On trail and 
rapid by dog-sled and canoe, 143; Abbott's 
Indian idylls, 237 ; Reports of Commission of 
World Missionary Conference, 237 ; Hawes's 
Care of the patient, 238 ; Children of Jamaica, 
238; do. of Japan, 238; Davis's Korea for 
Christ, 238; Bryan's The fruits of the tree, 
238; Sheets's In Kali's country, 238; Love's 
Unique message and universal mission of 
Christianity, 283; Carver's Missions and 
modem thought, 283 ; China under the em- 
press dowager, 283; Dilger's Salvation in 
Hinduism and Christianity, 284; Fumess's 
Island of stone money, 328; Spoor's The 
light of the world, 329; John G. Paton's 
Later years and farewell, 329; Missionary 
heroes of the Lutheran Church, 329; Fen- 
wick's Church of Christ in Corea, 330; 
A Chinese appeal concerning Christian mis- 
sions, 371 ; Eddy's India awakening, 372, 
354; Good's Li^ of Benjamin Schneider, 
372; Report of Conference of World's 
Student Christian Federation, 372; De 
Gruche's Dr. Apricot of " heaven below," 372 ; 
Porter's William Scott Ament, 414; Woods's 
Danger zone of Europe, 468; Goucher's 
Growth of the missionary concept, 469; 
World atlas of Christian missions, 409 ; Chil- 
dren of Egypt, 470; do. of Ceylon, 470; Mac- 
donald's Aspects of Islam, 586; Grenf ell's 
Down North on the Labrador, 587 ; Zwemer's 
Arabia in picture and story, 587; Steiner's 
Stories of the mingling folk, 588; Speer^s 

Biography of Joseph Plumb Cochran, of Per- 
sia, 588. 

Brown peril, 52. 

Brotherhood, The Congregational, and mis- 
sions, 1 55 ; Birthdav of, 248. 

Bulgaria, Fifty years m, 338. 

Centenary postscript, 52. 

Centennial report, A. B. C. F. M., 49. 

Ceylon Mission. " An Arcotian in Jaffna," 140; 
Educational advance in Jaffna, 224; Miss L. 
G. Bookwalter joins, 249; The Day's Round 
— In a village school, 438. 

Characteristic days on mission fields, 8. 

China. (See Foochow, North China, Shansi, 
and South China Missions.) As to Chris- 
tianizing, 5; Extermination of opium in, 6, 
250, 437, 552 ; Famine in, 49 ; Chinese Students* 
Monthly t 51, 86; Union Christian Arts Col- 
lege, Msinchuria, 52 ; Mission Year-Book of, 
for 19 10, 89; The plague in, 102, 121, 153; 
A triumph in, 141 ; Two men of mark in, 102 ; 
United States vice-consul on missions in, 105 ; 
Woman's club in, 131 ; Japan's work for, 138; 
Constitutional changes in, Prince Ching, 138; 
Encouraging outlook, 139; Two men of mark 
in, 141; Charge of slander refuted, 142; 
Christianizing government schools, 189; Tes- 
timonial to missionary work in, 206, 237; 
Missionary by-products in, 237; Municipal 
reform in, 279 ; Royal family presented with 
Scriptures, 281; Y. M. C. A. work in, 327; 
University (Amer.) Club in Peking, 383; 
Mission Year-Book, 191 1, 436; Evangelistic 
association formed, 464 ; Revolution in, 506* 

Chnstian Endeavor, Thirtieth anniversary of, 

Christian Endeavor Worlds A China number, 

Christmas, Merry, 551. 
Chronicle, The, 40, 89, 143, 193, 238, 285, 330, 

373. 4i5» 470, 517,589. 

Church Missionary Society, Debt of, 295; A 
correction as to do., 383. 

Conferences, Third and fourth annual of medical 
missionaries, 3, 106, 554 ; On Y. M. C. A. work, 
4; Of candidates and newly appointed mis- 
sionaries, 240, 247, 248; International for 
suppression of opium evil, 250; Natal mis- 
sionary, 250; All-Turkey, 250, 493; At Sil- 
ver Bay, Lake Geneva, etc., 265, 293, 294, 
381 ; Interdenominational Young People's 
Missionary, World's Christian Federation, 
294; International Missionary Union, 155, 
296; Annual German missionary convention, 
340; General South Africa missionary, 578; 
World at Northfield, 381 ; Hague opium, 492 ; 
At Mahableshwar, J15. 

Congregational Brotherhood, The, and Mis- 
sions, 155; Birthday of, 248. 

Continuation Committee of Edinburgh Confer- 
ence, 293, 338 ; Of world in Boston, 570. 

Day's Round, The, 8, 53, 159, 209, 259, 298, 

384, 438, 494, 556. 
Deaths, 4, 40, 59, 143, 193, 239, 285, 373, 415, 

47i» 589. 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 


Donations, 41, 90, 145, 194, a40, 286, 332, 374, 
417, 472, 518, 589. 

Edinburgh Misaionsury Conference, Echoes from, 

8 ; Continuation Committee, 293, 338. 
Editorial Notes, 5, 47, loi, 153, 201, 247, 293, 

337» 379» 433» 489» 55»- 
Envelope Series, co, 174, 434. 
ExposiiwH Herald^ 50. 

** Far-Flung Battle Line," The, 123. 

Field Notes, 26, 71, 126, 178, 223, 271, 318, 358, 

402, 455. 509. 573- 
Finandai, 20, 60, 120, 172, 217, 264, 311, 337, 

353. 397. 433» 450. 507. 567- 

Foochow Mission. Mr. Christian welcomed to, 
27 ; Prestige of Foochow College, 30 ; How 
the leaven works, 80; Housing the churches, 
107; Cigarettes rejected at Shaowu, 278; 
Secret working of the Spirit, 3C9; Letter 
from Pastor Kuan, 365 ; Death of Dr. C. C. 
Baldwin, 381 ; Bible study in Shaowu, 409 ; 
Y. M. C. A. in, 437 ; Shaowu Hospital, 458 ; 
Address of Prof. E. S. Ling, 466; Growing 
influence of Christianity, 509; A Christmas 
Concert, 577. 

Foreign Department, 24, 69, 124, 175, 221, 268, 

Foreign missions. Fundamental basis of, ^4. 
Foreign missions and theological semmaries 

(Ysde and Hartford), 204. 
Friend, The, 250. 

Fund for sick and disabled missionaries, 201. 
Furloughs for missionaries, 492. 

Gifts, 206. 

Greeks, Work among, 102; New times in an- 
cient Greece, 112. 

Hamlin, Cyrus, Centenary, 251. 

Higher Educational Endowment Fund, New 

era in educational work, 158. 
Home Department, 20, 65, 120, 171, 217, 264, 

3". 353. 397. 450. 507. 5^? Secretary Pat- 

ton's return, 491. 

Illustrations : 
Africa. New house, Mt. Silinda, 29; Twins 
in, 30; As ladies ravel in, 31; King 
Daudi, 36; Mission )8idence, Ochileso, 
114; Homemade monocycles, 115; Out- 
door meeting, 116; Natives watching the 
missionaries* arrival, 116; Children at Mt. 
Silinda, 144; The raw Zulu, 165; Listen- 
ing to the missionary, 182; Old school- 
house and scholars, Mt. Silinda, Old and 
new at do., 303; A trained Christian and 
raw recruit, Chikore, 305 ; Timothy, family, 
and neighbor, 318; Part of do.'s congrega- 
tion, 319; Miss Helen Stover and her little 
favorite, 325; Old schoolhouse, Inanda, 
326; Town Hall, Durban, 393; At one of 
the Inanda meetings, 395; Welcoming 
band with Induna (chief), 402 ; Procession 
of married women, 403; Maxwells' home, 
Esidumbini, 407 ; Industrial work in Rho- 
desia, 494-497; James Biazwell and play- 

mates, 518; Cape Town and Table Moon- 
tain, 579. 

Ahmet, Djemal Bey, 82. 

Allen, Rev. Herbert M., 117. 

Baldwin, Dr. C. C, 381. 

Bell, Sec E. F., As prolocutor, 295. 

Bookwalter, Lulu G., 249. 

Brueckner, Karl Robert, 565. 

Candidates* Conference, 191 1, 246. 

Candy, J. F., 391, 436. 

Case, Dr. and Mrs. E. P., 500. 

Ceylon. Pastor Paul, JaAna, 224; Village 
school, 438 ; School buildings, 439 ; Chava- 
kachcherri school at work, 441 ; Chanku- 
valy school at drill, 442. 

China. The evening meal, 2; Prayer wheel 
at Llama Temple, 9; Incense burner. Yel- 
low Temple, 9; Temple of Heaven, Pe- 
king, 10; Charles A. Stanley, 14; Bridge 
of ten thousand ages, Foochow, 28; Crim- 
inal in, 57 ; A market road in, 81 ; Chris- 
tians scarred by Boxers, 186; Evangelist 
starting on tour, 187; Dr. Young ready for 
laboratory, 215; do.. Ready to meet pa- 
tients, 216; Foundling hospital, 269; Tem- 
ple at Paotinefu, 276; Shaowu girls* school, 
278 ; Hall of enlightenment, Peking, 282 ; 
A group of in-patients, Pangchwang, 298; 
Blind leading the blind, 299; Opium den 
utensils, 299; Bound foot, 300; A precious 
burden, 301 ; Medical students, 301 ; Dr. 
Tucker and assistant, 302; Carved tablet 
presented by patient, 302 ; A young heli>er, 
324 ; Rev. C. A. Nelson among his friends, 
361; Yamen ambulance, 364; Cut-throat 
patient, 364; Horseless ambulance, 364; 
Yang-kou from the river, 366; Starting 
new buildings at Fenchow, 388 ; Teachers 
in girls* boarding school, Shaowu, 409; 
Street to drum tower in Peking, 411; Comer 
of hall of enlightenment, 447 ; Prof. E. S. 
Ling, 466; "Twenty minutes for refresh- 
ments'* in, 502; Shansi outdoor restau-; 
rant, 503; Shansi cart, 504; Vacation re- 
sort, 505; Schoolgirls* drill, Canton, 512; 
White pagoda, Taikuhsien, 556; The great 
gate, 556; At the sign of the foot, 557; 
Building "gospel court** in 1906, 557; 
Motto in ** gospel court,** 558 ; Messrs. Cor- 
bln and Chin on a preaching tour, 558; 
Tehchow, 561 ; Pangchwang, 561 ; Foochow 
street cobbler, 577. 

Coe, Estella L., 565. 

Cole, Nellie A., 444. 

Curtis, Helen, 444. 

Darrow, Isabelle C, 391. 

Dart, Rev. and Mrs. F. Sidney, 391. 

Davis, Delpha, 501. 
Davis, Susan J., 565. 

Davis, Edith, 

Deahl, Edna M., 565. 

DeForest, John H., 256. 

DeForest, Louise, 339. 

Douglass, Edith L., 501. 

Domblaser, Clara H., 500. 

Dysart, Rev. and Mrs. John P., 205. 

Felt, E. W., 501. (^ c^r\n\o 

Guise, Mr. and Mrs. ligitl^.ecljbiS^^^-'glV^ 



Hamlin, Cyrus, Tablet in memory of, 297. 
Harley, Isabelle, 391. 
Holbrook, Charles H., 1 54. 
India. Group of native Christians, 58 ; Draw- 
ing class — Pasumalai, 84 ; Harvesting rice 
at Pasumalai, 85; Scenes in Sholapur, 129; 
Village school, Vadala, 136; Rev. N. V. 
Tilak, 159; Instructors and students of Ah- 
mednagar theological seminary, 160 ; Luck- 
now Conference, 162, 163; Ahmednagar 
boys and girls at play, 169; Printing press, 
Pasumalai, 177 ; Blind bo3rs' " Kirtan," 179 ; 
Temple elephants, 184; Types of northern, 
207 ; The operating table. Dr. Van Allen's 
hospital, 230; Street in Aruppukottai, 
cover, June; La]ring of the comer stone, 
Madura Mission, 272 ; A street in Madura, 
292; Robert Hume's birthday party, 331; 
Chapel of Sholapur leper asylum, 344; 
Group of lei>er women, 345; Quarters of 
leper men, 345; Dr. and Mrs. P. B. Kes- 
kar, 346; Boys of blind school, and bas- 
kets, 405; Marathi Mission, 416; Christian 
quarter of Kandukulum, 459; Wayside 
shrine, Aruppukottai, 460 ; Mothers in do., 
460 ; Scholars leaving S. S., First Church, 
Bombay, 515; Typical Hindu girls' school, 
516; Idols in, 563, 564. 

Islam's veiling of womanhood, 270. 

Japan. Jerome D. Davis, 12; Judge and 
Mrs. Watanabe, 16; Col. S. Tanaka, 17; 
Heijo Kumi-ai Church, 18; View of street, 
Hanabatake (Okayama), 209; The play- 
ground, 210; Introductory bath, 211 ; Con- 
sulting the doctor, 211; Hospital's open 
door, 212; Kobe College and Baikwa 
School basket ball teams, 360 ; Japan Mis- 
sion at Arima, 363; Ainu canoe, 462; 
Church in Pompira, 463. 

Jones, Gwen M., 392. 

Kingsbury, John H., 445. 

Lawson, Mr. and Mrs. James H., 392. 

Lee, Rev. Theodore S., 448. 

Leslie, Francis H., 566. 

Leyland Line dock (sailing of Bohemian) ^ 

Livengood, Rev. Fay E., 391. 
Love, Dr. and Mrs. O. H.^444. 
Lyman, Dr. A. J., 166. 
Martin, Rev. and Mrs. J. C, 566. 
Mattoon, Dora J., 500. 
McKowan, Amy E., 392. 
Mexico. " The swimmin' hole," 232. 
Milwaukee, Pljnnouth and Grand Avenue 

Churches, cover, October. 
Minnie's Seaside Rest, 203. 
Moffatt, Dr. and Mrs. Robert G., 338. 
Moslem travelers, 192. 
Nilson, Paul E., 390, 436. 
Olin, Jenny, 554. 

Ostrander, Allen and John, with nurse, 90. 
Patton, C. H., in India, 239. 
Philippines, The. A Bagobo dancing girl, 

34; Mr. Black in the saddle, 35; The new 

Davao, 200. 
. Poole, Maria B., 208. 
Pye, Rev. and Mrs. Ernest, 443. 
I^ggSt Annie Bamum, 40. 

Ryan, Rev. and Mrs. A. C, 443. 
Shansi. City wall, Fenchow, 56; A road in, 78. 
Spain. Barcelona, A section of, 72. 
Stanley, John W., 339. 
Topping, Wm. H., 500. 
Turkey. Henry Martyn's grave, 27 ; Aredis 
Elfifendi Kevorkian, 27; Annie Bamum 
I^ggSi 40; Tarsus, A view of, 49; Alex. 
MacLachlan, 53; International College, 
Smyrna, 54; Assembly hall, J5; Annie 
Tracy Riggs Hospitsu, 75; Evangelical 
Church, Adana, 61 ; Sivas Hospital, Ward 
in, 73; Euphrates College student, 76; 
Govemor of Adana, 82 ; Mosque at Adana, 
83; Village Turks, 103; Roman bridge at 
Missis, 108; Students, St. Paul's Institute, 
109; Infirmary patients, Adana, no; 
Pleading for a preacher, Hamidieh, in; 
Henry M. Allen, 117; Widow and child, 
Geben, 127; Scenes in Bourdour, 133; A 
freight train, 156; "Lady Cavendish" 
bridge, Alabash, 168; Plow in, 175; Divrik 
widow and children, 181 ; Women of the 
villages, 181 ; Snow-bound seminary. Ma- 
rash, 213; Bitlis after the avalanche, 214; 
Standard Oil train in interior of, 222 ; First 
Christian mayor of Diarbekir, 229; "Our 
lady of the snows," 239; Sofia's one 
mosque, 252; Sofia kindergarten, 255; 
Former members of do., 253; Institute 
(Thessalonica) on parade, 274 ; Seniors of 
girls* dept., Euphrates College, 280 ; Kara 
Hissar-Sharki, 306, 307; Pastor and wife 
at do., 307; Pastor Yeranian and family, 
320; Section of Afion Kara Hissar, 321; 
Turks and Armenians in Aintab, 347 ; Ar- 
menian women, 348; Turkish women, 349; 
Market at Haine, 358; Mission touring, 
384; Preacher's house, 385; Village grist- 
mill, 385; Village church, 386; Outside a 
village house, 386; Interior of a village 
home, 387 ; Marsovan hospital and ambu- 
lance, 405; In busy Adana, 408; Bitlis, 
looking westward, 456; Night encamp- 
ment, Shameram, 457 ; The real harem 
skirt, 488; Scene in the cocoon market, 
Brousa, 510; Muleteer in, 575; Village 
street in, 580. 
Van Allen, Mrs. Harriet A., 352. 
Verrill, Ida A. and Ina B., 391. 
Wheeler, M. Louise, 501. 
Woodruff, Rev. and Mrs. Lyle D., 444. 
Woodward, Rev. Frank J., 445. 
World in Boston scenes : Secretary Eddy as 
Livingstone, 258; Comer of the Africa 
scene, 258; As East meets West, 259; 
Looking down the courts from main plat- 
form, 260; J!n Japan, 261; Witch doctor 
and the medical missionary, 308. 
India. (See Madura and Marathi Missions.) 
The plague in, 3 ; Transformed village in, 37 ; 
The new, 83; Triennial Y. M. C. A. Conven- 
tion, 138; Lucknow Conference, 162; Merry 
Christmas in, 169; Rajputana jubilee, 188; 
Disabilities of Christian converts, 188; Med- 
ical work of Dr. Ida Scudder, 190; Social 
service in, 207; Christianity's advance in 
northwest of, 235; Hospitals as forts, 327; 



Education of women in, 368 ; Theosophy in, 
371 ; Is Hinduism decadent ? 437 ; Horoscope 
for, 449; The Tshamirs, 465; The Maha- 
bleshwar Conference, 515; In sulky India, 
563 ; Layman's view of missions, 583. 

International arbitration, 552, 601. 

International Missionary Union, Annual meet- 
ing of , 155,296. 

International ReiHew of Missions^ 341, 553. 

Islamism, 7 ; Pan-American Conference, Cairo, 
51 ; Future of, 413. 

Js^pan, Eager life in, 6; Count Okuma on mis- 
sions in Korea, 7; Japanese Christianity in 
Chosen (Korea), 15; Family worship in, 37 ; 
Christian movement in, 88; From Otaru, 
130; Evangelizing a fair, 138; Gospel in slums 
of, 191; Cost of a convert, 203; "Friendly 
relations between America and how best 
maintained," 250; Buddhist pilgrimages, 282 ; 
Evangelizing Chosen (Korea), 406; Typical 
country meeting in, 41^; Christian missions 
in, 493, 517; Effect of Edinburgh Confer- 
ence in, 581 ; Estimate of missionaries, 585. 

Japan Mission. Death of Dr. Mary A. Hol- 
brook, 4; Death of Dr. J. D. Davis, 11 ; An 
appreciation of Dr. Davis, 13, 126; Outlook 
Committee of, 26; Four anniversaries in, 
74; American- Japanese relations, 107; From 
Otaru, 1 30 ; The Day's Round — In a mission 
settlement, 209 ; An honor for the Doshisha, 
223 ; An appreciation of John Hyde DeFor- 
est, 256; Memorial to do., 294; Miss Louise 
DeForest takes up temporary work in, 339 ; 
Dormitory life in Kobe College, 360 ; Annual 
' meeting of, 362 ; Death of Dr. Fuzinaka, 406 ; 
Tour in Hokkaido, 462 ; In the Ainu coun- 
try, 462; Typhoon in, 575; Morning Lights 

Jubilee of Women's National Foreign Missions, 
3» ioS» »53» 237. 555- 

Korea. Count Okuma on missions in, 7; 
Japanese Christianity in, 15; Good report 
from, 249. 

Latin- America, The case of, 156. 

Letters from the Missions, 31, 77, 130, 182, 228, 

276, 322, 362, 407, 458, 513, 576. 
London Missionary Society, Debt of, 295. 
Lucknow Conference, 51. 

Madura Mission. Mr. Fowers's first impres- 
sions, 28; Proved by fire, 58; Christmas at 
Pasumalai, 128; Hindu and Christian fes- 
tivals, 184; New methods and results, 185; 
Gratciul patients, 230; Two teachers for, 
249; A comer stone "well and truly laid," 
272; Death of Mrs. Harriet A. Van Allen, 
352; Epidemics of smallpox and cholera, 
457; American Board schools in the lead, 
457 ; Eager students, 458 ; Harvest days, 459 ; 
From Gudalur, 576; Gift for Madura Col- 
lege, 555. 

Marathi Mission. Mother Sorabji, 59; De- 
veloping the native arm, 81 ; Bicycles and 
watches wanted for, 103; Death of Mrs. 
Byron W. Clarke, 106; Sholapur in 19 10, 

129; Signs of progress, 135; The Day's 
Round — In a theological seminary, 1 59 ; Dr. 
A. J. Lyman at Ahmednagar, 166; Merry 
Christmas in, 169; The kirtan and mission 
work, 178; InstiUing new ideas, 180; New 
pastor at Bombay, 225 ; Appeal for reenforce- 
ments, 251; Evangelistic tour, 322; Appor- 
tionment Plan in, 322; Death of Dr. P. B. 
Keskar, 346; Gift to the blind school^ 405; 
From Miss Millard, 410; Death of Theodore 
S. Lee, 435, 448 ; No time, 498 ; Introducing 
a new industry, 573; Anxious times at Ah- 
mednagar, 574. 

Manchuria. Union Christian Arts College, 52. 

Marriages, 89, 285, 415, 471. 

Mediaeval worship and Christian missions, 157. 

Mexico. Disturbances in, 48, 202, 248; Mis- 
sionary outlook in, 435; New rule in, 491. 

Mexico Mission. Three exciting davs, 32; 
Perilous times, 154; In besieged Chihuahua, 
224; College jollification, 231 ; Mission house 
transformed into a hospital, 277; Time of 
opportunity, 278 ; Return to, of Dr. and Mrs. 
EUiton, 379. 

Milwaukee Sentinel, 489, 490. 

Minnie's Seaside Rest, 203. 

Missionary Herald, Renewal of subscriptions, 8, 
493; New Year's greetings to friends of, 18; 
Welcome New Year's letter to, 47; Path- 
finder of July number, 293 ; Pastors asked to 
read August number, 337 ; Treasured letters 
as to, 340 ; Crowded number, 379 ; The free 
list of, 493. 

Mission Study. New book for — " India Awak- 
ening," 354, 398; International Council on, 

Missionaries, Increase of, 553. 

Missions, 52. 

Missions. Christian educational work of, 106; 
Without a home base, 1 39 ; School of, Hart- 
ford Seminary, 204 ; New department of, in 
Yale, 204. 

Micronesia. Good news from the little islands, 
29; Truk-Mortlock dictionary, 104; In far 
Nauru, 127; Fatal epidemic at Nauru, 225; 
Another rebellion on Ponape, 227 ; Illness and 
death of Miss OUn, 435, 554, 589. 

Mohammedanism, 192. 

" Mountain Rest," for missionaries, 250. 

North China Mission. Death of Dr. Mary A. 
Holbrook, 4 ; The refining of " Little Treas- 
ure," 9; Death of Rev. Charles A. Stanley, 
14, 130; From Mrs. Ament, 131; Trials and 
triumphs, Lintsing, 136; Fraternal message 
as to Dr. Charles Young, 205 ; The imperil- 
ing plague, 215; Three achievements in Pe- 
king, 226; Need at Paotingfu, 276; Exhila- 
rating contrasts in Pekmg, 282; The Day's 
Round — In Pangchwang hospital, 298 ; Grad- 
uation of Union Medicad College, 319; The 
gospel at a temple fair, 323 ; Foreign doctors 
and the plague, 359 ; Miss Edith Davis's first 
glimpse of Tientsin, 366; Christian tent 
versus idol temple, 411 ; Death of Nellie N. 
Russell, 435, 445 ; Woman's hall of enlighten- 
ment, 446; Student Conference in, 461 ; Care 
of the churches, 461 ; Vacation trip to Shansi^ [^ 



502; The new Pangchwang, 560; Applied 
Buddhism, 574. 

Opium, 6, 250, 437 ; Hague Conference on, 492, 

Orient, They 6. 
Orient, The, in Providence, 380, 492. 

Persia; Missionary tour in, 37. 

Philippines, The. Schools for raw pagans, 34 ; 
Missionary program on, 1 74 ; The new Davao, 
201; Governor's testimony as to mission 
work in Davao, 251 ; Christianity the tonic 
of civilization, 370. 

Poetry, 170, 560. 

Pilgrim S. S. Quarterly, October, foreign mis- 
sionary number, 337. 

Portfolio, The, 37, 86, 139, 190, 236, 281, 328, 
369,413,466, 517.584- 

Prayer, A year of. For Africa, 23; For Euro- 
pean Turkey, with Bulgaria, 67 ; For Northern 
China, 123; For Western Turkey, 174; For 
India and Ceylon, 220; For Micronesia and 
Philippines, 267; For Eastern Turkey, 314; 
For Southern China, 355; For Japan, 399; 
For Papal Lands, 452 ; For Central Turkey, 
508 ; For the whole world, 570. 

Programs, 174, 314. 

Reenforcements, 154, 205, 249, 265, 338, 339, 
390, 443, 499, 565 ; A call for, 507 ; As to in- 
crease of, 553. 

Rhodesia Branch. Industrial training in the 
heart of Africa, 29 ; House wanted, 75 ; Mr. 
and Mrs. Dysart to join mission, 205 ; Two 
of Dr. Patton*s days in, 303 ; Loss and gain 
at Mt. Silinda, 455 ; The Day's Round — In 
the industrial department, 494. 

Shansi Mission. Good news from Mr. Fair- 
field, 50; Master builder of, 56; Mr. Staub's 
first Chinese sermon, 77; Church at Shang 
Ta, 78; Where the martyrs fell, 186; Further 
signs of recovery in, 273 ; From Fenchow sta- 
tion, 363; The danger of the awakening, 388 ; 
Vacation trip to, 502; Year of Awakening, 
511 ; Day's Round — In a street chapel, 556. 

South China Mission. No recruits for, 102; A 
safe wanted for, 103; Mr. Nelson welcomed 
back, 361 ; An aged believer, 513 ; Ruth Nor- 
ton school, 513. 

Southern Cross, The, 170. 

Spain, Liberty of worship in, 63. 

Spain, Mission to. From Madrid to Barcelona, 
71 ; A verdict for religious liberty, 464. 

Sunday School Convention, International, San 
Francisco, 203. 

Sunday school picture rolls wanted, 297. 

Tabular view missions, A. B. C. F. M., 19. 

Together campaign, Report, 10 1. 

Treasurer's report, 546; Report of committee 
on, 604. 

Turkey. (See Central, Eastern, European, and 
Western Missions.) Cholera in, 3 ; The 
Orient^ 6; Political situation in, 48; Good 
news from the missions in, 48 ; United States 
consul on missions in, 104; The new, 137, 

202; New railroads for, 156; Conference of 
Worid's Student Christian Federation at 
Constantinople, 158, 294; The Stavriotae, 
187; Appeal for the '* snowed under," 204; 
Snowed under, 213; Martyrs' memorial 
church, Osmanieh, 226; Conference of 
Board's missions in, 250, 493; Serious condi- 
tions in, 296; Commemoration of birth of 
Cyrus Hamlin, 297 ; Fires in Constantinople, 
379; Valuation of mission schools in, 382; 
Cholera in the Levant, 434 ; War with Italy, 

491. 552. 

Turkey, Central Death of Mrs. ^Amelia D. 
Fuller, 4 ; Stone erected to Miss Shattuck's 
memory, 5 ; St. Paul's Institute, 49 ; A great 
day in Adana, 60; New educational life in 
Aaana,82; A phonograph wanted for, 103; 
A tour in the Cilicip.n plain, 103; On the 
track of the massacres, 108; One remnant of 
Adana massacre, 127; Martyrs' memorial 
service, 128; Disturbances at Adana, 153; 
From theology to bridges, 167 ; Another sign 
of new Turkey, 202 ; A piteous lament from 
Kessab, 272; Easter day in Jibin, 347; From 
Marash, 367 ; Conference of Cilicia Union and, 
402 ; International mission hospital, 407 ; Two 
new instructors for St. Paul's Institute, 436 ; 
Strengrthening the churches, 455; A Christ- 
mas at Aintab, 559; New professor at Ma- 
rash, 575. 

Turkey, Eastern. Annie Tracy Riggs Hospital, 
74; Good news from Van, 78; Opposition 
aroused, 79; Appreciation of Miss Maria 
Biooks Poole, 208; Mr. Knapp's welcome to 
mission, 228; A nurse for Mardin, 249; Re- 
ligious interest at Euphrates College, 279; 
Bright ouUook for do., 278; A night in a 
Kurdish village, 342 ; What becomes of the 
orphans? 358; The Day's Kound — In mis- 
sion touring, 3S4; Native pastor ordained, 
403 ; Annu^ meeting in, 456 ; Vacation days 
in, 580. 

Turkey, European. Prayer for (with Bulgaria), 
67; The Ericksons return to Elbasan, 73; 
From Albania, 134, 180, 380, 434, 465; Cam- 
paign for self-support, 182; Ingathering in 
Macedonia, 225; Two encouraging signs, 
233 ; The Day's Round — In a mission kin- 
dergarten, Sofia, 252; A good year for Thes- 
salonica Agricultural and Industrial Institute, 
273; Fifty years in Bulgaria — American 
Collegiate and Theological Institute, 338. 

Turkey, Western. Tour to Tocat, 27 ; Bithynia 
Union, 48; The Day's Round — In Inter- 
national CoUege, Smyrna, 5^; Where mis- 
sionary and Moslem agree, 02 ; Rev. G. E. 
White's return to mission in, 71 ; Overflowing 
hospital, 72; Memorial Rev. H. M. Allen, 
103, 117, 203; Martha A. King Memorial, 
Marsovan, 1 27 ; Smyrna girls' college burned, 
130; Bourdour, 133; Reenforcement for, 
154; The Sivas field, 181 ; Evolution of Ana- 
tolia College, 190; Nurse for Talas Hospital, 
249; Anew Turkey indeed, 271; Society of 
the Restoration, 273; Kara Hissar-Sharki, 
306; Another Kara Hissar, 320; Ancient 
Sardis uncovered, 361 ; Cholera at Marsovan, 
404 ; Magic of the magic lantern, 405 ; Remi- 



niscences of Dr. George F. Herrick, 493; 
Educational awakening in Smyrna, 509 ; Re- 
establishment of Brousa, 511. 

Uganda, 35. 

Walker Missionary Home, 589. 

Wide Field, The, 35, 83, 137, 187, 234, 281, 

327,368,464, 515, 581. 
Week of Prayer, 3. 
Woman's Board of Missions, Annual Meeting, 


Woman's Union Missionary Society, semi<en- 
tenary, 3. 

World m Boston, 50, 121, 155, 202, 220, 248, 
257; Day of Prayer for, 3; Do you want 
one all your own? 172; The Exposition a 
success, 266 ; A Continuation Committee, 295. 

World at Northfield, 381. 

World's Student Christian Federation, Ninth 
annual meeting of, 158. 

World Missionary Conference, A review of 
206, 236. 

Young Men's Christian Association, Conference 
on, at Washington, 4. 

Young People's Missionary Movement, 451; 
Original missionary exercises, 1 56 ; Name to 
be changed to Missionary Education Move- 
ment, 340. 

Zulu Branch. Cost of comity, 164, 318; Gift 
for Amanzimtoti Seminary, 239; >fatal Mis- 
sionary Conference and seventy-fifth anniver- 
sary of, 250, 295, 433 ; Teaching vice to the 
heathen, 274; Union Theological Seminary, 
Impolweni, 319; School situation in, 325; 
Jubilee in, 383, 393; Hurrahs for Secretary 
Patton, 402; Overworking the missionary, 
406; StrUcing contrasts in South Africa, 434; 
General South Africa Missionary Conference, 

Digitized by 




[The names of those not Missionaries of the A. B. C. F. M. are printed in italics.] 

Abbott, J. E., 448 

A M aMadia m , Kaomw, 229 

Adams, Alice P., 209 

Adams, Newton, 379 

Aiken, E. E., 830 

Allchin, Florence S.,286 

Allchin, George, 470, 689 

Allen, Herbert M., 103, 117, 143, 203 

Allen, Mrs. H. M., 285 

Ament. William S., 414 

Amcnt, Mrs. Mary P., 181 

Andrus,A. N.,408 

Atkins, Eunice M., 40 

Atkinson, Dr. H. H., 74, 378 

Baldwin, C. C. 881, 416 
Baldwin, Elizabeth and Jane, 470 
Ballantine, Mrs. W. O., 373 
Barker, Annie M., 470 
BarM4s, Ltmtul C, 654 
Bamum, H.S.,48 
Bamum, Mrs. Mary E., 40 
Barstow, Robbins W., 342 
BartUt, WUliam.m. 
Bartlett, Samuel C., 130,830 
Barton. James Z., 24. 69, 124, 176, 

221, 240, 268, 316, 356, 400, 434, 468, 

471, 493, 623, 571 
BaUs, Mrs. G.,680 
Beach, F. P., 40, 193. 373, 677 
BsaU, CharUs H., 396. 491 
Beals, Lester H., 286, 416, 416 
Bsard, Pyi/Zard L.,90 
Bs//jEmsst A. ,170 
Btli, Enoch F.^'Xin 
Bell, William C.. 193 
Bement, Frances K., 278, 409 
Bennett, H. J.,89 
Bewer, Alice C, 470 
Bissell, Emily R., 415 
Black, Robert F., 34, 201 
BUir, Edith, 517 
BUkely, Ellen M., 689 
Blanchard, Gertrude H., 143 
Bliss, E.L., 468 
Bo*gn4ry ^ ., 68 
Bo<^walter. Lulu G., 249, 286 
Bostwick, Mrs. H.J., 156 
Brtnt, Bp. H. C, 371 
Brid^n, Frederick B., 164, 274, 318 
Briafman, Howard A.,2A& 
BrodU, James F., 87, 309 
Brffum, Charles R., 204 
Brown, Elmer C, 1C4 
Brown, Frank Z... 20B 
Browne, J. K., 358, 384 
Brueckner, K. Robert, 666, 689 
Bunker, F. R., 23, 89, 193, 325 

Calkins, Raymond, 684 

Candy, J. F., 415, 436, 618 

Capen, Edward W. , 204 

Capen, Samuel B., 23, 341 

Carroll, L. Pearl, 89 

Cary, Otis, 126, 223 

Case, A. B., 155, 277 

Case, Dr. and Mrs. E. P., 600, 617 

Case, H. E. B.,40,329 

Chambers, Effie M., 272 

Chambers, William N., 82, 103, 153, 

226, 330, 470, 589 
Chandavarkar, Sir Narayan, 516 
Chandler, John S., 272, 457 
Chandler, Robert E, 340, 415 
Chang Po Ling, 102, 141 
Chang Ynn Chi, 5 
ChoaU, Mrs. Emily, 589 
Christian, Leonard J., 27, 40 
Christie, Mrs. T. D., 617, 689 
Churchill. D. C, 330, 416 
Clark, AldenH., 166 

Clark, A. W., 178 
CUrk,C. E.,330,416 
Clarke, Mrs. Byron fT., 106 
Clarke, Elizabeth C, 2B& 
Oarke, WiUiam P., 415 
Coan, Rachel E., 416 
Coe, Estella L., 665, 589 
Colby. Abbie M., 40 
Cold, Edith, 103 
Cole, NelUeA.,448,470 
Corbin, P. L.,281,656 
Cowles, George B., 23, 415 
Cozad, Gertrude, 330 
Crosiy, [/.C.,1M 
Curric, W. T., 824 
Curtis, Helen. 444, 470 
Curtis, IV. E., 191 
Curtis, W. L., 40 
Curtiss, Zada, 249, 285, 415 

Daniels, Mary L., 76, 680 
Darrow, Isabelle C, 415, 518 
Dart, Mr. and Mrs. F. S., 416 
Davis, Delpha, 601, 517 
Davis, Edith, 285, 366 
Davis, Jerome D., 11, 126 
Day,Dwight H.,AQ 
Day, Sarah L.,GSd 
Deahl, Edna M.,589 
DeForest, Charlotte B., 360 
DeForest, J. H., 15, 194, 266, 285, 

294 831 
DeForest, Louise, 248, 839, 373, 470 
DeHaan, A. B., 502 
DeUporte, P. A., 127,226, 470 
Dentson, John H., 144 
Devadhar, Mr. Gopal Krishna, 616 
Dia9, President, 232, 248 
Dickson, J. H.,438 
Domblaser, Clara H., 600, 517 
Dowkontt, Mrs. G. D., 250 
Douglass, Edith L., 601, 517 
Drew, E. B., 284 
Dube, John Z,., 383 
Dudley, Julia £., 74 
Dysart. John P., 144, 193, 206, 238, 

Dvajid Bey, 296 

Eaton, Edward D., 239 

Eaton, James D., 379, 415 

Eddy, George S., 58, 157, 265, 327, 

Ellis, Emery W., 136. 143, 412, 574 
Ellis, Mrs. Emery W., 461 
Ellis, IVillmm T., 49 
Elmer, Theodore A., 404 
Emerson, Mabel, 21 
Erickson, C. Telford, 73, 180, 198, 

Ewing, Charles E., 139 

Fairbank, Edward. 135.322 
Fairbank, Mrs. Edward, 617 
Fairbank, Henry, 81, 574 
Fairbank, Mrs. Henry, 578 
Fairchiid, David G., 176 
Fairfield, Wynn C, 60, 118 
Faunce, President, 380 
Felt, Edward W., 601, 617 
Fenenga, Agnes, 517 
Foster, John tV.,96 
Fowle, J. L., 830 
Frame, S. Murray, 89, 226 
Eraser, Sir Andrew, Cover, April 

Fuller, Amelia D. (Mrs. C. C), 4, 40 
Fuller, C.C. 518 
Fuzinaka, Dr., 406 

Gairdner, fT. H. T., 68 

Gait, Elmer W., 193, 471 
Gardner, A. M^'SSA 
Gardner, Harold I., 77 
Gates, L. S.,129 
Gates, Mrs. L. S., 69, 344 
Gilskeuser, Henry, 251 
Gladstone, Viscount, 2XL 
Goodenough, H. D., 23, 490 
Goodrich, Chauncey, 130, 288 
Goodsell, F. F., 239, 367, 455 
Graf, Johanna L.. 143,330 
Grant, W. Henry, 341 
Greene, J. K., 117, 248, 489, 490 
Guise. Mr. and Mrs. L. C, 601, 618 
Gulick, William H., 63, 72,464 
Gulick, AUce E. G. (Mrs. Thomas L.X 

Gwm, Mrs. S. C, 203 

Haas, CvrilH., 407 

Haas, Mrs. Ruth D., 89 

Hager, Charles R., 102 

HeUid, Halil, 8 

Hamlin, A. D.F..^Sn 

Hamlin, Cyrus, 251, 297 

Harada, Tasuku, 13 

Harley, Isabelle, 415. 689 

Haroutunian, Gartu>ed, 676 

Harris, Mrs. J. N., 239 

Haskell, Edward B., 183, 226, 470 

Haskell, Henry C, 380, 450 

Hay, Mrs.Jokn, 198 

Hazen, William, 162 

Headland, Isaac T., 296 

Heebner, Flora K., 589 

Heine, Carl, 29 

Hemingway, Dr. W. A., 873 

Hepburn, Dr. J. C, 686 

Herrick, D. S., 40, 193 

Herrick, George F., 493 

Hersey, R. M., 141 

Hicks, H. lV.,^Sfi 

Hodous, Lewis, 107 

Holbrook, Charles H., 144, 154, 198, 

Holbrook, Mary A., 4 
HoUiday, Miss G. K, 37 
Hohon, Edward P., 589 
Hopkins, Charles ^ ., 144, 331 
Hoppin, Jessie R., 29 
HorwiU, Herbert IV., 206, 236 
Hoshono, 7'.,249 
Hosie, Alexander, 437 
House, J. H.,273 
Hovey, Horace C, S2 
Howland, John, 231, 434 
Howland, Mrs. Sara B., 82, 202 
Hubbard, Mrs. G. H., 330 
Hume, Robert A., 103, 104, 160, 284, 

Hume, Robert Ernest, 106, 207, 831, 

868, 415, 551, 668 
Hume, Ruth P., 373 
Hunsberger, Byron K., 286 

Irwin, Henry M., 373 

Jackson, Arthser C, 234 
James, Walter, 415, 518 
Jencks, Sarahs., 415 
Jeffery, F. E.,86,185.4e0 
Jokn, Griffith, 464 
Johnson, Obed S., 415 
Jones, Gwen M., 248, 416, 689 
Jones, J. P., 143, 145, 285, 468 
Jones, Mr.. 683 
Jordan, fV. ^.,665 
Joshi, Mr. Moropant V., 615 

Kelley, Blanche. 517 
KeUogg, Edwin D., 193, 360 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



r, Dr./. //., 107, 194 
Kennedy, P. B., 134. 18U, 380 
Keskar, Prabkakar B., 344 
Kttforkiant Avtdis Efftndi^ 27 
Keyes, Mrs. Mary P., 436 
Kiibim, Georgt L. W., 373 
King, Jonas, 102 
King, Thomas. 75 
Kingsbury, John H., 445, 470. 588 
Kitmosuke, A dock*, 408. 517 
Kna^, Artkttr M., 209 
Knapp, G. P., 143, 228, 457 
Kuan, Paster, 366 

LamsoH, KaU G., 589 

Lamranc*t Mearum^^XA 

Lawson, Mr. and Mrs. James H.,415, 

Learned, D. W., 11, 198, 282, 285 
Leavitt, D. A., 88 
Lee. Theodore S., 285, 435, 448, 449 
LeRoy, Albert E., 23, 238, 285 
Leslie, Francis H., 689 
Li, Gtneral, 665 
Ling, E. ^.,436, 466 
Livengood, Fay E., 415, 589 
Lombard, Rev. and Mrs. F. A., 194, 

Lcm^, Frederick W. , 434 
Long, Mary F., 154 
Loomit^ Htnry, 248 
Love, Dr. and Mrs. O. H., 444, 470 
Lowrey. Vida. 286. 415 
Z^fvrr, J9r.,383 
Lymtm^ Frederick W.^ 604 

Macallom, F. W., 127, 167,330 
MacLachlan, Alexander, 53, 146, 873, 

Madero, President, 482 
MaUht.Jokn, 225 
Maltbie, Esther T., 830 
Marden, Henry, 576 
Martin, H.S., 282 
Martin, J. C, 589 
Martin, fy.A.P.,S19 
Marfyn, /ferny, 27 
Mathews. Burleigh V.. 89, 676 
Mathewson, Mary R., 143 
Mattoon, Dora J., 500, 517 
Maxwell, Charles H., 406, 518, 578 
McCann, J. H., 88, 276 
McCord, James B.. 143 
McCoy, Miss, 88 
McDowell, Laura B., 40 
McKowan, Amy E..415 
McLamghUn, J.L.,V& 
McNaughton. J. P.. 820, 611 
McNaughton, Mrs. J. P., 88, 193 
Mead, Lucy I.. 323 
Means, F.H.,*i»^ 
Meeken, Harvey, 308 
MerriU, C. C, 173 
Merrill. J. E., 40. 128, 402 
Meserve, Helen A., 518 
Millard, Anna L.. 406. 410 
Miller, Clara L, 415 
Miller, Janette E., 182, 275. 515 
Miller, John X., 238. 415 
Moffatt, Dr. and Mrs. R. G., 338, 

Mecre, George F., 587 
Morisan, Dr., 215 
Morrison, Robert, 60 
MoU, John R., 4, 38, 168, 294, 338 
Mounts. Lewis H.,415 
MuIIiken, Ruth, 513 
Murray, A ndrew, 679 
Afyers, Harry White, 191, 192 

Nagasaka, Mrs. Clara Brown, 193 
Nanepei, Henry, 228 
Natarajan, Mr. K., 616 
Neipp. H. A., 118, 300. 330 
Nelson. C. A., 102, 108, 198, 285, 360, 

AV«w, Dr. Arthmr, TBSI 
Newell, Mrs. H.B., 207 

NeweU, fV. tV.,156 
Niiskima,JoseMi H., 517 
NUson. Paul E., 415, 436.518 
North, Rachel B.. 248, 285 
Noyes, Edward M. , 248 

Okuma, Count, 7 
Oldham, J. H., 68, 317, 341 
Olds. C. B., 416. 675 
Olin. Jenny. 436, 564, 588 
Oner, Arthur J., 28, 465, 484 
Ostrander, Allen R. and John H., 80, 

Ostrander, L. F., 338 
Osgood. Mrs. Helen W., 285 


Parker, Str Gilbert, 140 

Partridge, E. C, 27, 405 

Patton, ComeHus H., 40, 60, 80, 108, 

145, 190, 225, 239. 285, 306, 379, 382. 

883. 402. 433, 434. 461, 491, 669, 667 
Payne, Jessie, 411 
Pedley, Hilton, 462 
Peet. L. P., 28, 30 
Perry, Henry T., 27, 181, 306, 380 
Pettee, James H., 89, 362 
Phelps, Fidelia, 143, 198 
Phelps. Theda B.. 248, 285 
Pierson, Arthur T., 294 
Pixley, Martha H., 330 
Pollock, Sarah, 331 
Poole. Maria B., 206, 230 
Porter, Henry D., 414 
Porter, T. S., 436 
Porter, Lucius C, 461 
Potter, Rockwell H., 585 
Powers, Alice J.. 249, 285, 415 
Powers, Lawrence C, 28, 128, 184 
Pye, Rev. and Mrs. Ernest, 443, 470 
Pye, WatU O., 66, 78, 273, 888 

Raynolds, George C, 78 

Raynolds, Mrs. G. C, 79 

Reed, Bertha P., 415 

Rice, Mrs. Mary S. (Wm. H.), 378 

Rice, Nina E.. 415, 689 

Richards, Theodore, 260 

Richter, Julius, 340 

Rife, Clinton F., 227 

R^ggs, Annie Bamum, 40 

Rigg9> Annie Tracy, 74 

Riggs, Charles T., 104 

Riggs, Edward, 373, 618 

Riggs, Ernest W., 279 

Riggs, Henry H.,40 


Rogers, Mrs. D. Miner, 517, 689 

Rogers, E. Gertrude, 415 

Root, Helen I., 296 

Ross, Edward A., 206, 236 

Rowe, Henry K.,fA 

Rowland, George M., 26, 415 

RusseU, Nellie N., 9, 412, 436, 445, 

Ryan, Rev. and Mrs. A. C, 443, 470 

Sawyer, Myra L., 415, 689 
Sanders, W. H., 383, 470 
Scudder, Dr. Ida, 190 
Searle, Susan A., 415, 518 
Sevmey, Dr. Karekin, 72 
Shattuck, Corinna, 5 
Sheffield, D. Z., 62 
Shepard, F. D., 144, 415 
Sibley, Charles T, 251 
Sleeper, W. W., 262 
Sleman,John B., 338 
Smith, Arthur H., 14, 144, 286, 488 
Smith, Edward H., 80 
Sorabii, Franscina, 68 
Stackhouse, W.T.,fgA 
Stanford, Arthur W., 406, 675 
Stanley, Charles A., 14, 130, 560 
SUnley, John W., 338, 373, 618 
Staub, Albert W., 77 
SHmson, Henry i4 ., 586 
Stimson, M. L.,104 
Stock, Eugene, ^aA 

Storrs. C. L., Jr., 282 
Stover, Helen H., 81 
Stover, W.M., 324 
Street, William D., 486 
Swatow, Sir Ernest, 142 
Swift, Eva M., 873, 688 

Ta/i, Free. W, H., 4, 7, 23, 662 

Talbnon, Edith C, 415, 688 

Tanaka, Viscount, 617 

Taylor, Horace J., 285, 880 

Taylor, James D., 23, 818, 433 

Taylor, Mrs. Martha E., 471 

Taylor, WaUace, 406 

Taylor, W.E.,1S9 

Tenuey, George C. , 8, 664 

Trwfik.Dr. Risa, 48 

Thorn, D. M. B., 204 

Tkompton, George, 205 

Thompson, W. L., 470 

Thomson, Robert, 288 

" rufftfMr." 165. 318 

Topping, William H., 500, 517 

Tracy, Charles C, 861 

Tracy, Charles K., 62, 133, 198, 378, 

Trowbridge, Stephen vR., 8, 347, 415 


Tucker, Bishop, 8, 85 

Tucker, Franas F., 298, 340, 416,492, 

Tucker, Rev. and Mrs. John T., 416 
Tucker, William J. ,A7 

Uline, MaryD.,40 

Van Allen. Frank, 230 

Van Allen, Mrs. Harriet A., 862, 378 

VerriU, Ida and Ina, 415 

Walker, J. E., 608 
Wang, Mr., m 
Ward, Ruth P.. 873 
Wameck, D. Gustav, 61 
Wameck, Dr., 940 
Warner, L. C, 101 
Warren, Charies M.. 238, 238 
Watson, Percy T., 363, 471 
Welpton, Cora M., 470 
Weston, S. A., 2&7 
Wheeler, M. Louise 601. 518 
White. George E., 71. 88, 102, 112, 

White, George H., 71 
White, J. CampbeU, 665 
White, Schuyler S., 470 
Whitney, H.T., 88, 617 
biggin, Frank H., 89, 144, 171, 366, 

Wilder, George A., 23 
Williams. Mrs. Alice M., 186 
WiUiams, C. N., 106 
Williams, Mark, 373 
Willis, J. J., 468 
Winckester, B. S., 337 
Wingate, Henry K.. 873 
Winnington-Ingram, Rear Ad- 

Winslow, F. 0.,9Sl 
Winsor, Mfs. Mary C, 178 
Woodruff, Rev. and Mrs. Lyle D., 

444. 470, 471, 589 
Woodside, Mrs. Emma D., 415 
Woodside, Mabel, 40 
Woodside, T. W., 321 
Woodward, Rev. F. J., 445, 470 
Worcester, Samuel, 52 
Wright, A. C, 154 
Wright, Roland, 435, 471 
Wu Ting Fang, 651 
Wyckoff,J. H., 141 
Wyncoop, T.S., 235 

Young, Charies W., 102, 153, 206, 216, 

York, Harry C. , 224 , 238 
Yeranian, Magop, 320 
Yuan Shih Kai, 606 

Zumbro.Wm. M..468 

M.,468 ^ T 

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American Board of Commissioners forTSSrei^nMSsions 


Editorial Notes. Illustrated . . , 3 

The Refining of Little TREASURt:. By Miss Nellie N. Russell Illustrated , E> 

Rev, Jerome Dean Davis, d.d. By Rev, Dwight W. Learned, d.d. Illustrated, 11 

An Appreciation of Dr Davis. By Rev. Tasuku Harada, ll.d V^ 

Rev. Charles Alfred Stanley, d.d. By Rev. Arthur H. Smith, d.d. Illutitrated, 14 
Japanese Christianity in Cho-sen (Korea). By Rev. J. H. DeForesl, d.d. 

Illustrated. . 15 

A Happy New Year . . . , 18 

Tabular View of the Missions, 1909-10 19 



By-Products of Foreign Missions. By Secretary James L. Barton 

Field Notes. Illustrated . * . 26 

Letters from the Missions. Illustrated 31 

Weet Central Africa— Mexico — Philippines 

The Woe Field. Illustrated 35 


The Portfolio 37 

The Bookshelf 39 

The Chronicle. Illustrated . , . . - 40 

Donations .41 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Congregational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston, Mass. 


Samuhl B. Capen, t.U.D. 


Ed WARP D. Eaton, d.d. 

C&mtwpondutg SecTeiari*§ 

Jambs L. Barton, d.d. 

CknuTBLrus H. Pattok. d.d. 

Frank H. Wiorin, Esq. 

Editoriat Secr^itaHe* 

ElnathaN E. Stbong, d.d., Enuritna 

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Rkv. At.BKRT p. Fitch 


Rev. Lucius H. Thayer 

Term Expires 19 It 

Rev. ARTmrR L> Gillbtt 
Charleys A. Hopkjns 
Arthur Perry 

Term Expireat litis 
Hkrrert a. Wilder 
Rbv, Edward M. Noves 
Rev, ErtWARD C. Moork 
Rev. George A. Hall 

LiSGACiBS. — In writing bequeals tlie entire rarpo- 
rate name of the Board ahould be u*w**1, a» fuDows : 
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to each member of a club of ten or more. 

This is the lowest price ; it barely covers the cost of printing and 


1. That the lowest price that can be permanently maintained is one 
that puts the magazine within the reach of practically every one who 
wants it, while meeting a considerable part of the cost of production. 

2. That in almost every church where there has been a hearty attempt, 
it has been found possible to secure a club for the Missionary Herald, 

Now is the time to form such clubs for 191 1. Our list for the new 
year is growing. 

Will not YOU see that there is one in your church? 

Send remittance, with full addresses, to 
JOHN G. HOSMER, Agent, 14 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 


have already interested themselves to introduce 

®l)e S>torp of tfie American Poarb 

to their people 

While they do not ordinarily act as book agents or book 
promoters, they have felt it was important to see that this record 
of a glowing enterprise, which their churches have helped to 
establish, was kngwn to the people of those churches. And as the 
volume is sold at less than cost (jpi.y^ net) they have been prompt 
to act as voluntary advertisers of it. 


have been made by the Pilgrim Press to assist like-minded pastors 
to render this kindly help; a letter thereabout has been sent 
all ministers serving Congregational churches. . We ask for it 
favorable consideration. 

Cl^e american TBoard 


Digitized by VjC 


Bible Station Class at Panffchwans, North China, with Miss E. Gertrude Wyckoff 

Digitized by 


• < \ 

'.N 2 1911 ^ ^^f./ ^ , ■ 

The Missionary Herald 

Volume CVII 


Number 1 

How many churches are planning 
to begin the year 1911 by observing 

the Week of Prayer? 
^JJS;^^ With the emphasis of the 

Ekiinburgh Conference 
placed upon intercession it seems as 
though there should be a fresh desire 
throughout Christendom to utilize the 
oi>ening of this new year for concerted 
prayer, and that, too, in accord with 
the original idea of the Week of Prayer, 
to plead for the evangelization of the 
wide world. The week will be observed 
on many mission fields; let it not be 
forgotten on the home field. It so hap- 
I>ens that Monday, January 2^ from 
ten in the morning to nine in the even- 
ing, there is to be a Day of Prayer at 
the Enmianuel Church, Boston, for the 
spiritual effectiveness and success of 
the "World in Boston," the approach- 
ing missionary exposition to be held 
April 24 to May 20. In the fellowship 
of this huge missionary enterprise, 
among its officers, committees, stew- 
ards, and supporters, this day will be 
marked by prayer ** without ceasing." 
Will not the host of friends, not only 
of this exposition but of the missionary 
enterprise, keep them company in spirit, 
if it may not be in attendance at the 

At the close of its centennial year 
the American Board takes pleasure in 
pifiy Y««» of extending its congratu- 
WMMB'a Work in latious to the Womau's 
FmicB niMioBs Union Missionary So- 
ciety of America for Heathen Lands, 
which having reached its semi-cente- 
nary in the fall of 1910 is to celebrate 
the fact by a jubilee in the Second Ave- 
nue Collegiate Dutch Church, New 
York City, on January 18. 

This pioneer in woman's work for 
woman in foreign lands has rendered 
good service on several fields in India, 
China, and Japan. 

The third annual conference of 
medical missionaries will be held at 
the Sanitarium, Battle 
SiiSrSS^o. Creek, Mich., Janu- 
ary 5-8, opening with 
a banquet to all visitors on the noon 
of the 5th. Missionaries and mission- 
aries' friends are to be entertained 
without charge for one week. We are 
asked to extend to all missionaries 
on furlough or retired a very cordial 
invitation to attend this conference, 
which is sure to be of great value. 

The conference is interden'^mina- 
tional, all Christian bodies meeting on 
the same footing. Further informa- 
tion can be obtained of the Sanitarium, 
by whose generous hospitality the meet- 
ing is made possible ; address Secretary 
George E. Tenney. 

Though not so often as in the early 
years, still from time to time the mis- 
sionaries of the American 
SJS^iS*^* Board are brought face to 
face with the various pes- 
tilences that terrify the Eastern lands. 
In Constantinople cholera is now a dis- 
turbing presence. The week of No- 
vember 9-15 there were 116 new cases 
and sixty-two deaths, outside of those 
occurring in the army. The work of 
the missionaries, however, is not so far 
seriously threatened. At this time 
also the plague has entered the Madura 
district in India and is now threatening 
Madura City. The temple of Siva in its 
center, with the rest houses on the 
highway for Hindu pilgrims goiilgC 

3 ^ 

Editorial Notes 


from one filthy temple bath to another, 
add to the menace ; but the danger to 
mission work is not great, and inocu- 
lation is simple if necessary. 

It was a red-letter day in the history 
of Christian work for the non-Christian 

. «,_,- . world when, on Octo- 

Conference nt bcr 20, 150 leadmg busi- 

the White HooM jjggg j^j^jj ^^^ WOmeU 

met at the White House on the invita- 
tion of President Taft to devise plans 
for extending Young Men's Christian 
Association work in lands afar. After 
reports of the situation in many of 
these lands from such secretaries home 
from their stations as Messrs. Brock- 
man, Fisher, and Carter, remarks were 
made by some of the distinguished 
guests: General Wood, of the army; 
John Barrett, of the State Depart- 
ment; John Wanamaker, of the busi- 
ness world ; and Professor Burton, of 
Chicago University ; all of whom testi- 
fied as to the importance of the Asso- 
ciation work in its foreign fields. 

Following these addresses came the 
appeal for gifts; whereupon a million 
dollars was at once pledged, more than 
half of the sum, $540,000. from one 
giver, Mr. John D. Rockefeller, whom 
Dr. Mott described as "the best and 
most discriminate giver I know." In 
its long and careful preparation as well 
as in its conduct this conference showed 
the masterly hand of John R. Mott, 
who confidently believes that the sum 
then pledged will be promptly increased 
to the needed $2,000,000, or more. It is 
reported that over $1,800,000 is already 

We have to report this month the 
death, on November 6, at Los Gatos, 

Cal., of Mrs. Amelia D. 
SlS.^er**' Fuller, wife of Dr. Ameri- 

cus Fuller, for many years 
a missionary in Turkey. Mrs. Fuller's 
maiden name was Amelia D. Gould. 
She was born in Farmington, Me., 
February 1, 1836, and was married in 
1862 to Mr. Fuller, who was pastor of 
the Congregational church in Hallowell, 
Me. After four years' residence in 

Hallowell they removed to Rochester, 
Minn., where Mr. Fuller served as pas- 
tor for eight years. In 1874 they were 
appointed missionaries of the American 
Board and went to Aintab, Turkey; 
afterwards they were transferred to the 
Western Turkey Mission at Constanti- 
nople. In 1887 they returned to Ain- 
tab, where Dr. Fuller became president 
of Central Turkey College. In this 
position Dr. and Mrs. Fuller greatly 
endeared themselves to their associates 
and the people. Mention is specially 
made of the attachment of the stu- 
dents of the college to Mrs. Fuller, who 
labored ardently for their good. On 
account of Dr. Fuller's physical infirmi- 
ties they were constrained to withdraw 
from the work, and five years ago they 
returned to the United States. The 
thoughts of these friends often re- 
verted to their old field of labor, espe- 
cially at the time of the massacres in 
Cilicia. Mrs. Fuller's death came un- 
expectedly and suddenly while reading 
by the table, so that without warning 
or pain she was released from the 
earthly infirmities. The heartiest sjrm- 
pathy of friends and associates in this 
country and in Turkey will be extended 
to Dr. Fuller in the loss of his lifelong 

We have also to record the death of 
Miss Mary A. Holbrook, M.D., who has 

been connected both 
iSj.l'^oibrook With the North China 

and Japan Missions. 
She was born in East Abington, Mass. 
(now Rockland), in 1854, and pursued 
her studies in Mt. Holyoke Seminary 
and in the medical department of Mich- 
igan University. Dr. Holbrook first 
went to North China in 1881, and was 
located at Tungchow, where she had a 
dispensary in connection with other 
work. She was transferred to the 
Japan Mission in 1889, and taught in 
the scientific department of Kobe Col- 
lege. Released from the service of the 
Board in 1898, she came to the United 
States, but was reappointed in 1901, 
and went to Japan for service once 
more in Kobe College O©^ Holbrook 


Editorial Notes 

returned to the United States last 
spring, and after stopping for a time 
on the Pacific coast came to the home 
of her brother in East Haven, Conn., 
where she died, December 2, 1910, 
leaving a record of faithful service. 

It is reported in the daily press that 
Mr, Chang Yun Chi, president of the 

Commercial Press of 
tfL^^llSii.. Shanghai, and a former 

commissioner of educa- 
tion for Peking, on addressing the New 
York Chinese Students' Club advocated 
the making of Christianity the govern- 
ment or national religion of China. 
In so far as Mr. Chang based this de- 
sire upon his avowed belief that Chris- 
tianity was better for his people than 
the several religions now followed in 
China, we are bound to rejoice in his 
judgment and in the weight which he 
may have in influencing the opinions 
of his countrjrmen. That Christianity, 
however, should be formally adopted 
by China as a state religion is hardly 
conceivable nor is it to be desired. 
Advocacy of the idea, it is to be feared, 
is in this case, as it was some years 
ago in Japan, chiefly due to the desire 
to secure a yet better standing for 
one of the Eastern nations seeking to 
meet those of the West on equal terms. 
It could only be disastrous for the ad- 
vance of Christianity in China if it 
should be made part of a political 
program. Mr. Chang's further opin- 
ion that it would be well for Chinese 

educated in America to return to evan- 
gelize their own people rather than to 
leave that task to foreign missionaries 
is quite in accord with the policy of the 
American Board, which seeks in so far 
as possible to commit to Christian Chi- 
nese the task of discipling their nation. 
The work of the Board's missionaries 
in China is already in good part, and is 
to be more and more the preparation 
of and aid to Christian leaders in that 

Among the monuments in the ceme- 
tery at Newton, Mass., many 

more imposing but few 
i^Tstooir^ ^* more impressive than the 

stone recently erected to 
the memory of Miss Corinna Shattuck. 
Its simple inscription tells the story : — 


April 21, 1848. 
May 22, 1910. 


In loving memory by the 
Oorfa Armenians. 

The original Armenian text from 
which the English form was translated 
is reproduced herewith. 

The sum of £T. 25, or $110, was pro- 
vided by these humble people of Oorfa 
in the heart of Turkey, that they might 
give lasting expression of their in- 

\r\MJ-. 0/npb«. ftl, 1848. ITU^hU ^%±9t O. 

b<MiUhn8 8hmSIK 


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Editorial Notes 



debtedness and love to their faithful 

Two striking facts are reported on 
the first page of a late number of the 

Japan Mission News, both of 
^'* them illustrating the mighty 

strides taken by the Japanese 
since Commodore Perry's fleet opened 
their gates for communication with the 
outer world. The first fact is that not 
less than eleven and two-tenths per 
cent of the total population of the em- 
pire are at present pupils in the ele- 
mentary schools. The other fact is 
that at the recent annual meeting of 
the Japanese Red Cross Society it was 
reported that 1,525,822 Japanese were 
members of that society, and that its 
funds amounted to 11,143,327 yen, or 
over five and a half million dollars. 
The avidity with which the Japanese 
have taken hold upon educational and 
philanthropic enterprises is not less 
than the readiness with which they 
have welcomed the religious influences 
that have come to them from the West- 
ern world. Neither the Japanese nor 
the mission regard the work of for- 
eigners in the empire as completed, or 
near completion. The mission has re- 
cently asked, simply to meet the needs 
of existing work, no less than two new 
missionary families and eleven single 
ladies, while, after these needs are sup- 
plied, they ask for the opening of two 
new stations, requiring for their con- 
duct two families and four single 
women. Is there any more hopeful 
field for the exercise of Christian 
enterprise ? 

The news of the world is not re- 
corded only in large or pretentious 
An English joumals. Some of the best 
NewBimper reports of affairs in the 
in Tnrk«3r ]^i^ especially as they bear 
upon moral and religious interests, are 
offered to the people of the West in 
papers that are not widely known. 
From all the lands of the East there 
come to the Board Rooms papers and 
magazines, some under the care of the 
Board's missionaries, others produced 
by union publishing houses, and still 

others under native Christian auspices, 
which furnish valuable information 
and conmient upon affairs that are for 
the betterment of the world's life and 
the progress of Christianity. A new 
claimant for attention has recently ap- 
peared in 7%e Orient, a weekly English 
paper now in its first year, which is 
published at the Bible House, Con- 
stantinople, and under the conduct of 
missionaries of this Board. Its aim is to 
report to the English-speaking friends 
of Turkey news from all parts of the 
empire, to interpret the significance of 
this news, and to record events of par- 
ticular interest \n the life of the insti- 
tutions which the American Board has 
founded in that empire. To any one 
who wishes to keep up with the prog- 
ress of the new Turkey and its better 
life, this eight-page weekly promises 
to be a valuable aid. Its price is but 
one dollar a year ; subscriptions should 
be sent to W. W. Peet, Esq,, American 
Bible House, Constantinople, Turkey. 
(Open mail, via London.) 

Dispatches from China to the pub- 
lic press early in December announced 
the passage by the Na- 

^islw""" ti^'^^ Assembly, and 
with almost unanimous 
vote, of a resolution calling for the 
drastic extermination of opium from 
the empire. This action, which was 
the result of months of agitation by 
the Chinese Anti-Opium Association, 
provides that interprovincial transpor- 
tation shall cease in the sixth moon 
(July, 1911) and that the planting of 
the seed and smoking of the drug shall 
be prohibited in the twelfth moon (Jan- 
uary, 1912). The resolution also en- 
joins the foreign oflBce to seek the 
abrogation of the opium treaty with 
Great Britain so as to prevent further 
importation from India. 

It is evident that the Chinese govern- 
ment is making vigorous and increas- 
ing effort to rid itself of this curse of 
China's life ; whatever be the attitude 
of many local and district officials, and 
however the anti-opium laws may be 
ignored or evaded in some districts. 

Digitized by V^iOOQlC 


Editorial Notes 

there is widespread and convincing evi- 
dence that China is fighting fiercely to 
get rid of opium. It is the more to be 
regretted that England so far insists 
on maintaining her right to debauch 
China in the supposed interest of her 
Indian poppy fields, even going so far 
as to refuse to join in the projected 
conference on the opium plague called 
by President Taft, and which fourteen 
nations have agreed to attend, unless 
China and India be left out of the field 
of view. Such a restriction practically 
annuls the purpose of the conference, 
and seems so preposterous that it is 
hoped the assembly may be delayed till 
England yields that point. 

The International Reform Bureau 
has received advices that the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Treaty of Tientsin, 
which legalized the opium trade, has 
been marked by the securing of a 
mammoth petition in China, whi^h is 
now to be sent, asking release from 
the treaty limit which sets the time of 
closing the traflSc at five years hence, 
so that it may be possible to termi- 
nate it at once. Happily moral senti- 
ment in England is so aroused on the 
matter that there is good hope such 
pressure will be brought to bear that 
Great Britain will not maintain her 
present attitude of blocking this pri- 
mary reform in the huge empire of 
the East. 

The Fukuin Skimpo interviewed 
Count Okuma as to the work of Chris- 
coant oknmft ^au missions in Korea. 
on Korean Its report as Summarized 
Minions -^^ ^j^^ Japan Evangelist 

for October shows the eminent Japa- 
nese statesman as in hearty sympathy 
with the endeavor to Christianize Ko- 
rea. He called attention to the fact 
that the Koreans were historically fol- 
lowers of Buddhism, which the late 
reigning house endeavored to exter- 
minate, with the result that the people 
sunk into an unsatisfactory supersti- 
tion and witchcraft. The missionaries 
therefore found them thirsting for re- 
ligion and hungering for spiritual food, 
and they satisfied this hunger and 

thirst. While the faith of some Ko- 
reans may have a false motive, if the 
question is asked. Has the work of 
the missionaries up to this time been 
successful, it must be answered, yes. 
Its measure of success is rare in mis- 
sionary history. ' * We regard the work 
of the missionaries as a great work and 
thank them for doing it." 

The future evangelization of Korea 
the Count thinks should be carried on 
by Japanese Christians, not in conflict 
with the missionaries, but in co-opera- 
tion with them. The similarity in race 
and modes of thought between the 
Japanese and Koreans makes it natural 
that Japan should minister the new re- 
ligion to Korea. It must be admitted 
that the Japanese in Korea, with the 
exception of government oflficials, have 
not made a good impression on the Ko- 
reans, and by their harsh treatment 
have failed to gain the confidence of 
the subject nation; herein is an ob- 
stacle to the Japanese becoming evan- 
gelists in Korea. There must be, 
therefore, a better mind and a fairer 
treatment. Some Japanese while boast- 
ing of their land as the home of the 
brave and the just have indeed acted 
like despicable cowards. The disposi- 
tion to oppress the weak is common to 
humanity. This must be overcome by 
self-restraint. ** We must truly regard 
the Koreans as our brothers, show them 
sympathy and kindness, and so make 
them a truly virtuous people.'' So by 
kindness and sympathy Japanese Chris- 
tians will be able to present Christian- 
ity to the Koreans in those forms of 
thought which are congenial to both 
people; they will thus be able to 
bring assurance to Koreans today, as 
they themselves have been more or less 
unsettled and disturbed in their minds. 

Thoughtful travelers, especially stu- 
dents of missions, often remark the 

contrast between the 
A^e.'^^Twai^ methods of spreading 

Christianity and Islam. 
The latter faith, they say, is trans- 
planted over wide areas with little 
machinery, apparently small labor, and 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Editorial Notes 


with almost no expense, and yet with 
quick and large result ; while the mes- 
sengers of Christianity toil heavily on 
at a slow and difficult task, involving 
immense expenditure of men and 
money. The comparison is hardly fair, 
since the two religions have so differ- 
ent aims and standards of success. 
Islam at best only veneers the life of 
its converts, while its lay evangelists, 
who declare its message in connection 
with their trading and traveling, pre- 
sent an argument and appeal that is of 
far different character from the call 
of the gospel. 

Bishop Tucker, of Uganda, however, 
proposes to imitate in some respects 
the methods of the Moslem propaganda 
in Africa. He proposes to send forth 
a band of 100 Christian Baganda 
(eighty-five have already been placed), 
who shall settle down among the peo- 
ples whose chiefs will undertake their 
support, and who thus for the small 
outlay of about forty shillings a year 
can provide for their needs while they 
are planting the seeds of Christianity 
in the new territory. The scheme dif- 
fers little, except in this formation of 
a movable band, from the general pol- 
icy of the American Board, as in all 
its missions it is seeking to train native 
evangelists and teachers to go out into 
new regions as the heralds of Christ. 
And even in Uganda the need is recog- 
nized of a trained and experienced 
missionary itinerating in the districts 
where the men are located in order to 
guide and conserve their work. The 
success of the Baganda band will be 
watched with interest. If they shall 
prove, as is hoped, an effective barrier 
against the spread of Islam in Central 
Africa another jewel will be added to 
the crown of Uganda's glory. 

" Many a mickle makes a muckle." 
If every subscriber whose term expires 

with the year will renew 
2Jjj^^*' promptly and voluntarily 

for 1911, the saving in 
postage and clerical work, required for 
the sending out of reminders, will 
amount to a considerable sum; there 

will be so much the more to spend 
on the missions. The proverb applies 
in another way. If each subscriber 
who cares for the Missionary Herald 
enough to renew a subscription would 
induce jicst one friend who does not 
now take the magazine to make trial 
of it for a year, the total increase of 
the subscription list would mark an 

The first in the series of articles 
planned for 1911 describing character- 
istic days on the mission field 
robiST''" ^s expected to appear in the 
February issue. In these arti- 
cles the mirror is to be turned upon 
different phases of life and action in 
the several departments of missionary 
work. The day's round in the hos- 
pital, the boarding school, the social 
settlement; a station Sunday; a day 
** on tour " ; these and other lines of in- 
terest are to be successively opened up. 

Echoes of the World's Missionary 
Conference at Edinburgh are heard 
A MohMimedaii ^far. The Sirat'i-MuS' 

OB the Edinbarsli tdkum, the leading Mo- 
Conference hammedan weekly in 
Constantinople, has printed a four- 
column report of that conference, con- 
taining many striking sentences and 
closing with a thoughtful paragraph 
giving the writer's conclusion. The 
author of this article was Halil Halid, 
the man who wrote **The Diary of a 
Turk," and a prominent member of the 
young Turk constituency. We are in- 
debted to Rev. S. V R. Trowbridge for a 
translation of the closing paragraph, 
as also for calling attention to the 
article itself : — 

"Although, as my readers know, I 
have always been avowedly opposed to 
the sending of Christian missionaries 
to Moslem countries, I cannot but ad- 
mire the industry and generous gifts 
of the congregations which maintain 
these missions, and I am sure that 
every one must appreciate the earnest- 
ness, perseverance, and self-sacrifice 
shown by the missionaries themselves. 
Would that we might be able to follow 
their example ! " 

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Prayer Wheel at Llama 
Temple, Pekino 







OP Peking 





Incense Burner in Ydlow 
Temple, PiBking 

THIRTY-SEVEN years ago a boy 
was born into a rich home in Pe- 
king. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. 
Wang, were old when he came to them, 
and thus he was doubly dear. " Little 
Treasure '* became the very life and 
joy of the home; every one admired 
and waited on him. Servants came 
and went at his bidding. When he 
grew old enough to study his father 
provided at times three and four tutors 
that the little boy might not become 
weary by working too long with one 
tutor. He was a bright, active child ; 
fond of study and also fond of games, 
especially of Chinese athletic sports. 
He could lift and swing heavier weights 
than any boy in the neighborhood, and 
no one dared to offend him as he was 
also known to be the best fighter. His 
father kept several horses, and one of 
them, "Red Wing," famous among 
horse lovers, was a great favorite of 
** Treasure, '* Accompanied by one or 
two mounted outriders he rode all over 
the city, demanding everywhere full 
right to the king's highway- 

Fine-looking, imperious, resenting all 
restraint, this favored youth was the 
very " point of the heart" (Chinese for 

sweetheart) to these old people. Some- 
times when called to his meals, if 
things were served that he did not like, 
or if they were not properly cooked, 
with one brush of his arm he would 
sweep dishes and food to the floor and 
command the servants at once to make 
** something decent"; whereupon his 
gentle mother would reply, **Son, you 
have only to say what you want and it 
shall be prepared." Fond of study, 
young Mr. Wang took his examinations 
and received a degree, to the delight 
of his old father, who soon after died, 
as did also his older brother, thus leav- 
ing him the head of the family. 

At twenty or thereabout he was mar- 
ried to a very pretty, dainty lady of 
eighteen, who was much afraid of him 
when he got into his rages ; but, as he 
was fond of her, she learned to take 
these outbreaks quietly. Four beauti- 
ful children, three boys and a girl, 
came to brighten their home. The old- 
est boy was a student ; the girl, dainty 
like her mother, was the delight of the 
grandmother. She had her own little 
toilet set, and even when only four 
years old was very careful of her ** call- 
ing clothes and butterfly shoes?" Tte^ 

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The Refining of Little Treasure 


third child, a boy of three, little ** Have 
Son," was the brightest of all. He 
would recognize callers by their step 
and the way they rang the bell at the 
gate. Many a time when in his grand- 
mother's room he would say, "That is 
my mother walking softly under the 
window ; she does not want me to hear 
her, for she thinks I will cry for her to 
take me ; and I know she is busy, so I 
won't cry." Then there was the baby ; 
such a darling baby ! Who can really 
describe a baby of whatever nation- 
ality? They are all dear. This one 
was grandma's comfort; you who are 
grandmas will know what that means. 

Into this home, when the oldest boy 
was nine, came that dread disease, 
scarlet fever. In less than a month 
Mr. and Mrs. Wang's arms were empty, 
the home desolate; gentle grandma 
was heartbroken, and soon joined the 
little ones. Oh, the pain and heartache ! 
One night Mr. Wang went into the 
garden, and kneeling down stretched 
out both hands to heaven, crying, 
''Great Spirit, have mercy; why, 
oh, why!" For days h€ rode bs 
one mad over the city; then he 
frequented the theater. At 
last both parents found 
their one surcease in the 
opium pipe. 

Thenext year. 1900, the 
Boxer year, when 
they heard that the 
foreign army was on 
its way to Peking, 
the family took all 
their treasures, .sil- 

ver, fine garments, and furniture, and 
stored them in five pawnshops; later 
these were looted and destroyed, and 
the Wangs lost all their possessions. 
Their residence had been in the family 
generations, as the father had charge 
of the Imperial Granaries ; but it was 
not theirs to dispose of, and they were 
reduced to poverty. Two years later, 
desperate and heartsick, Mr. Wang 
passed the street chapel of the Ameri- 
can Board Mission. Seeing people 
within, he entered ; and day after day 
he found his way there. Soon he be- 
came an earnest inquirer, and the 
change in his life was so great that his 
wife also became interested. After 
three years he decided to enter the 
theological seminary and study to be- 
come a preacher. There he was the 
brightest, most earnest, and helpful 
pupil ; ever ready to help weaker and 
slower minds, he became the most 
popular man in his class. 
Mr. Wang has recently taken charge 
of a church in Cho Chu, a city fifty 
miles from Peking, It is a noted liter- 
al y city and has given many great 
men to China, of whom the most 
famous is the one now known and 
worshiped as the **god of 
war, "' Mr. Wang has taken 
the city by storm ; he is most 
eloquent and of great per- 
sonal magnetism. As 
one of the gentry said, 
"He is like a lark; his 
notes are not disturbed 
and are not thrown out 
'if harmony by the 


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Rev. Jerome Dean Davis, D.D. 


chatter of sparrows, crows, and ma^r- 
pies." The gentry and scholars are 
coming to call, and every one is talking 
of the gifted and friendly preacher at 
the * * Jesus chapel . " He is, as he looks, 
a cultured, refined gentleman, and with 
his warm-hearted, outgoing nature is 
making friends everywhere. The street 
chapel is full every afternoon. 

Recently seven men, five of them be- 
longing to the gentry of the city, an- 
nounced themselves as inquirers. One, 
a scholar, said, ** I have read the Chris- 
tian books and have longed to under- 
stand them ; may I ask you some ques- 
tions ? " Whereupon Mr. Wang invited 
him to the reception room and for 
three hours talked with him on the 
great themes of life. When he left 
the visitor said, '* You can teach me ; if 
you will give the time I will bring some 
of my friends who also are seekers of 
truth and we will knock our heads to 
you as our teacher." He has kept his 
word, and a few days ago with these 
other men openly announced himself as 
an inquirer. That was a day of won- 

derful experience for Mr. Wang. He 
said he felt within him a power beyond 
anything he had experienced in the 
past. All day the men were there, and 
he gave his best to them. At evening, 
weary, yet happy beyond words over 
the vision given him that day, he lived 
it over again as he recounted the story 
to his wife and the writer, who had 
gone to an outstation for the day. 
Later on, as we stood in the open court 
looking up into the glorious vastness 
above us, in that quietness which comes 
when heart answers to heart, he turned 
and asked : *' * Great Sister,' why was it 
necessary -for all my children to be 
taken that I might come to this ? Look 
at the dirty, uncared for, unloved chil- 
dren about us ; can you tell me why ? '* 
The •* Great Sister " could but put her 
arm about the stricken, sad-hearted 
little mother by her side, and look- 
ing up into the face of her "Chinese 
brother," answer from a heart which 
also had felt the pain of loss, "6ur 
Father knows, and some day we shall 


By Rev. DWIGHT W. LEARNED, d.d., of Kyoto 

DR. JEROME D. DAVIS was bom at 
Groton, N. Y., January 17, 1838, 
^aduated at Beloit College and 
Chicago Seminary, was missionary of 
the American Board in Japan from 
1872 to 1910, and died at Oberlin, 0., 
November 4, 1910. 

Called away from his studies by the 
outbreak of the war, he enlisted as a 
private; was severely wounded while 
upholding the flag at the battle of 
adloh ; by his gallantry and talent for 
command rose higher and higher till 
he became colonel, and commanded his 
regiment in the march to the sea and 
to Washington. 

After graduation he entered home 
missionary work with like courage and 
devotion, and with his own hands built 
the first church at Cheyenne, Wyo., 

but was called away to the foreign 
field, and arrived in Japan in Novem- 
ber, 1872, being preceded in the Board 
mission there only by the Greenes and 
0. H. Gulick. At Kobe he took up his 
task with equal zeal, preaching, carry- 
ing on a school for boys, and writing 
the first popular tract in Japanese, one 
which for many years had a great cir- 
culation. But his life work really be- 
gan when in the fall of 1875 he moved 
to Kyoto to labor with Dr. Neesima in 
establishing the Doshisha, which was 
opened November 29. While Dr. Nees- 
ima will always be honored as the 
founder and first head of the institu- 
tion, it is a fact that Dr. Davis's work 
was equally essential. With all his 
rare virtues Dr. Neesima was lacking 
in executive power, and Dr. Davis ex- t 

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Rev. Jerome Dean Davis, D.D. 


actly supplemented him in this. The 
two men loved each other as brothers. 
Except on formal occasions there was 
for several years no one head of the 
school ; the two worked together, with 
such help as their associates could give, 
to meet the various difficulties which 
beset them and 
to build up the 
school while car- 
rying on its daily 

It was an un- 
heard-of thing 
then for a mis- 
sionary to live 
outside of the 
treaty ports; as 
Dr. Davis said, 
he got into Kyoto 
by the skin of his 
teeth and hung 
on by his eyelids. 
The school had 
small resources, 
scant appliances, 
few friends, and 
many enemies, 
the priests of 
that great center 
of Buddhism 
being bitterly 
hostile, and even 
the friends of the school doubting the 
wisdom of trying to maintain it in 
Kyoto and differing as to the nature 
of the school which should be estab- 
lished, whether simply a training school 
for preachers or a school with as broad 
a purpose as an American college. If 
Dr. Neesima had to meet the question- 
ings of the government, Dr. Davis had 
to meet foreign criticism and win for 
the school the support of the mission 
and the Board. While he was engaged 
in this general work for the Doshisha he 
was busy with the teaching of his own 
classes, which was made especially bur- 
densome, though intensely interesting, 
by the coming of advanced students 
from Kumamoto in 1876, before the 
school was really organized and before 
he had^ time to make full preparation 
for their instruction. He was also car- 


rjring on preaching at his own house 
and was beset by a host of callers and 

After the first few years of stress, 
when the school was fairly established 
and organized. Dr. Davis was in part 
relieved of some of those burdens and 
was able to give 
himself more 
fully to his own 
department. He 
always devoted 
himself heart and 
soul to the good 
of the school, and 
was generally 
forced to bear 
the heaviest part 
in any difficulty 
that arose, as 
difficulties will 
arise in any 
school, besides 
taking active 
part in the gen- 
eral evangelistic 

Dr. Davis's 
special depart- 
ment was system- 
atic theology, 
on which subject 
h e published a 
large volume of his lectures, which was 
revised and reissued a few years ago; 
also he produced quite a number of 
small books or tracts. He firmly held 
and earnestly taught in substance the 
form of doctrine which was generally 
held by the Congregational churches 
during the middle part of the last cen- 
tury, sometimes called the New Eng- 
land theology, and, as happened in the 
case of some other teachers, in the lat- 
ter part of his life he was regarded by 
some of his former pupils as a little 
too conservative. But none of them 
ever lost their love and reverence for 
him as a devout Christian and a devoted 
father. During the last few years he 
had been relieved of most of the work 
of teaching, but he was still busy with 
a great variety of labors. For ex- 
ample, he was one of the National Corn- 
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An Apprecidtion of Dr. Davis 


mittee of the Young Men's Christian 

To one who lived side by side with 
Dr. Davis for thirty-five years, and saw 
him in all conditions of work and play, 
of joy and sorrow, he appears as about 
an ideal missionary, unvarying in faith, 
strong in hope, fervent in love, walk- 
ing habitually with God; a bold and 
zealous fighter for the right, but full 
of kindly affection towards all ; unceas- 
ing in toil, ready to undertake any kind 
of work, adapting himself to all men 
and all circumstances; strong to do, 
patient to bear, a friend and brother 
ever true, a loving and tender father 

to the young, a generous man of (Jod 

Dr. Davis was first married to Sophia 
Strong. She died during -their second 
voyage to America, and leaving his 
three older children in Oberlin he re- 
turned to Japan with a little girl of 
two years. The three daughters are 
now wives of missionaries — one in Af- 
rica, one in Japan, one in China— and 
the son is in the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association work in Japan. Af- 
terwards he married Frances Hooper, 
of the Japan Mission, who survives him 
with two sons, one in Colorado and one 
in Oberlin. 


By Rev. TASUKU HARADA. ll.d., President of the Doshisha, Tokyo 

It is fitting that to a memorial sketch of Dr. Davis's 
Uf e hy one of his missionary colleagues there should 
be added some words from Uie pecHPle of the land for 
which he labored. We are fortunate in beinar able to 
aeeore such a tribute from President Harada. who is 
now in this country, and who as present head of the 
institution with which Dr. Davis's life was especially 
identified is representative of those Christian leaders 
of Japan with whom he was associated in its making. 
When the news of Dr. Davis's death was announced 
to Dr. Harada at the Board Rooms, he sakl : "This is 
not as we had thought. We had meant to have Dr. 
Davis's body bdd by the skle of that of Neeshna in 
Japan, and place had been reserved for it there." 
— Thb Editor. 

A GREAT teacher, a wise counselor, 
and a leader of inspiring person- 
ality is gone. For thirty-five 
years, since the foundation of the Do- 
shisha, he had been a chief counselor of 
Dr. Neesima and his successors. Thou- 
sands of young men studied under his 
instruction, every one of whom, I be- 
lieve, would gladly testify to his intense 
sincerity and noble personality. Even 
those who as students or in later life 
could not follow his theological teach- 
ing, seeing things from other angles of 
vision or expressing their faith in other 
forms of speech, nevertheless were 
under the lasting impression of his 
godly personality. What he was. 

formed the really vital element in what 
he taught: character, unselfish and 

Two years ago at his seventieth birth- 
day the faculty and students of the 
Dc^isha united in a special gathering 
to celebrate the occasion and to present 
a token of their high esteem, a spon- 
taneous expression of the warm regard 
in which he was held among them. No 
one who was present then or on similar 
occasions will forget his most unassum- 
ing and self -forgetful attitude. 

When he was appointed a delegate 
to the World Missionary Conference at 
Edinburgh last spring he told me it 
was one of the two surprises of his life, 
the other being the occasion when he 
was honored by being asked to preside 
at the general Missionary Conference 
of Japan in 1910. The whole Christian 
church of Japan will irrecoverably miss 
a large-hearted leader in the army of 
Christ. His life is truly his message 
for his friends, pupils, and fellow- 

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By Rev. ARTHUR H. SMITH, d.d., of China 

BY the death of Dr. Stanley the 
North China Mission of the Amer- 
ican Board loses its senior mem- 
ber of forty-eight years' standing. Mr. 
Stanley was bom in Ohio, June 26, 1836, 


and was a graduate of Marietta Col- 
lege in 1858 and of Lane Theological 
Seminary in 1861. He and his wife, 
Mrs. Ursula (Johnson) Stanley, sailed 
for China, July 1, 1862, by the slow, old 
route "around the Cape." As the 
northern port was closed in winter, the 
Stanleys remained in Shanghai for a few 
months, reaching Tientsin in March, 
1863. For a time they lived within the 
insalubrious Chinese city, in associa- 
tion with Rev. and Mrs. G. D. Chapin. 
After a few years a more suitable 
dwelling was built in the foreign ** Set- 
tlement," which continued to be their 
home until, in consequence of the im- 

portant changes following the Boxer 
period (1900-01), the station was re- 
moved to a new site about five miles up 
the Hei So River to a region hitherto 
unreached by mission effort. 

Mr. Stanley early began country 
touring. Toward the end of the 
sixties an opening was found in the 
province of Shantung, about 130 
miles south and somewhat west of 
Tientsin, which led to an interesting 
work in that region. In the year of 
the great famine, 1878, Mr. Stanley 
began relief work on a small scale, 
which was expanded as funds came 
in until by the middle of the year, 
when it ceased, 118 villages had been 
helped and more than ten thousand 
taels (ounces) of silver had been dis- 
tributed in very minute sums to 
those most needy, an excellent back- 
ground for subsequent preaching of 
the gospel of good will. In the 
years following the famine Mr, 
Stanley visited this region and 
others in the Chihli province at fre- 
quent intervals until, in 1880, the 
former was set apart as a separate 
station. It was while he was on one 
of his tours that the terrible Tien- 
tsin massacre occurred (June, 1870), 
when his anxiety for the safety of 
his wife and children and theirs for 
him was intense. 

His work was now mainly in the 
country regions of Chihli near and far, 
and in the city chapel of Tientsin. He 
was prominent in work for sailors dur- 
ing the years when a man-of-war was 
always stationed at Tientsin in the win- 
ter. He was an active member of the 
Union Church in Tientsin, founded at 
the first coming of foreigners, and he 
bore his full share of the ministrations 
then rendered by missionaries of four 
societies — two British and two Amer- 
ican—whose premises adjoined each 

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Japanese Christianity in Cho-^en (Korea) 


He was for more than forty years a 
trusted correspondent of the leading: 
journal of China, the North China 
Daily News, often (as at the time of 
the massacre) conveying to the public 
through that channel information other- 
wise inaccessible. 

In the later years of his life Dr. 
Stanley's heart was bound up with the 
new field to which he had courageously 
removed, and he was much occupied 
with the adjustment of the endless 
complications arising in the Chinese 
church from the evil inheritance of 
Boxer times. He had an intimate 
knowledge of the life and thought of 
the common people and excellent prac- 
tical judgment in business and in mis- 
sion affairs. He had witnessed the ex- 
pansion of the tiny settlement into one 
of the largest foreign ports of China 
and the development of the church 
which he planted into a composite 

body, which is in process of becoming 
self-supporting and independent. 

Mrs. Stanley, whose death occurred 
more than two years before his, was 
in a great variety of wajrs a mother in 
Israel ; they were the last of the little 
band of pioneers by whom Protestant 
nussion work in Northern China was 
begun. Their memories will be held in 
perpetual and loving remembrance. 

Mr. Stanley's oldest daughter, now 
in the United States, is the wife of Mr. 
Charles W. Gammon, of the American 
Bible Society in China. The other 
daughter is the wife of Rev. George D. 
Wilder, a teacher in the Union School 
Seminary in Peking. The son. Rev. 
Charles A. Stanley, Jr., continues in 
the work which his father began in the 
-village station of Pangchwang, in the 
province of Shantung. 

God buries his workmen, but he 
carries on their work. 


By Rev. J. H. DEFOREST, d.d., op Sendai, Japan 

In the foOowinff article it will be observed that Dr. 
DeForest uses the Japanese forms for Korean names 
of places, thus marking the absorption of Korea in 
the Japanese empire.— Thb Editor. 

WE spent the month of October 
in Cho-sen, Mrs. DeForest and 
I, and one of the many things 
that surprised us was the constant 
meeting with Japanese Christians. 
Among passengers on the trains, among 
railroad officials at the stations, in 
steamship offices, in the higher courts 
of law, in public schools, in the army, 
in the department of communications, 
among merchants and bankers and po- 
lice and gendarmes, pretty much every- 
where, without any effort to search 
them out, we were continually running 
across Japanese Christians. Some of 
them, to be sure, were looking out for 
us, but that would not account for 
nearly all the cases. 
As soon as I reached Keijo (Seoul) 

two Japanese ladies called and smil- 
ingly informed me that I had baptized 
them some thirty years ago, and in- 
vited us to a dinner in their home, 
where we had a delightful time. 

A Christian inspector of schools called 
and kindly offei'ed to show us all the 
schools of the capital, which was too 
good a chance to see the educational 
foundations that the Japanese govern- 
ment is already laying for the millions 
of Cho-sen children. 

At a dinner given me by the gov- 
ernor of the Bank of Korea, Dr. Ichi- 
hara, a graduate of Doshisha and Yale, 
there were nine of us present, among 
whom was Judge Watanabe, the head 
of the judicial department in Cho-sen, 
an earnest Christian ; and when I spoke 
on "International Morality" at the 
Yoimg Men's Christian Association he 
presided, and beforeptl|at^^xed aud^^ 


ence offered a fervent prayer. He 
and his noble wife are active workers 
in the Presbyterian church and his 
family is a model Christian family. 

Another gruest at that dinner was 
Mr. Niwa, secretary of the Japanese 
Young Men's Christian Association. 
His name is well known in Associa- 
tion circles all over the world, and 
he holds a unique place in many 
ways. He has direct access to the 
hisfhest officials, and is the head of 
what we may call the moral depart- 
ment of the Cho-sen railroad em- 
ployees. He therefore has a free pass 
over all the roads, and is thus cai-rying 
on a wide Association work in railroad 
centers. His influence is such that 
Mrs. DeForest and I were ^ven first- 
class passes to go with him through 
northern Cho-sen and address the em- 
ployees in various centers. It struck 
me as every way exceptional that the 
railroad authorities should value this 
work so much as to give Mr. Niwa the 
exclusive position in the ethical and 


spiritual culture of this large body of 

We stopped for one night at Kaijo 
(Songdo) to see the splendid plant of 
the Methodist Mission there in schools 
and hospital work. '*The captain of 
the gendarmes is very cordial and is 
interested in our work," said the mis- 
sionaries. On inquiry I found he was 
one of my old pupils of twenty years 
ago, and it was a pleasure to shake 
hands with him again, the last time 
having been at Mukden, amid the 
wreckage of the famous battle that 
was fought around that city. 

A week in Heijo (Pengyang) was full 
of surprises. In our Kumi-ai church 
there I preached to an audience half 
of which was Cho-sens. When I had 
finished, a Japanese gentleman inter- 
preted the entire sermon to the Cho- 
sens. This man holds a high place in 
the court of appeals, and he told me 
that among the officials and employees 
of the court seven were Christians, a 
record that it would /^ Jw4yfAdupli- 

igi ize y Q 


Japanese Christianity in Cho-sen (Korea) 


cate here in Japan. He also said that 
Christianity was absolutely necessary 
for at least two classes of people, 
judges and physicians. 

In the army too are soldiers of Christ. 
The second division, which is on duty 
in Cho-sen, belongs in Sendai, and so 
we know many of the officers and sol- 
diers. One of the colonels has been a 
faithful Christian for over a decade, 
and it was a pleasure to meet him on 
duty over there. I may add that a 
number of the officers welcomed us 
cordially to Cho-sen and entertained 
us at a special dinner. 

Time fails me for mentioning exam- 
ples of Christian farmers, merchants, 
police, and the noble band of Christian 
women. We must simply glance at 
them collectively. The Kumi-ai church 
in Heijo is the only one in Cho-sen 
which ^ has an equal membership of 
Cho-sens and Japanese, whose average 
audience is only about fifty. In this 
resx)ect all the Japanese churches are 
as babies when compared with the huge 
Cho-seft churches with congregations 
often of over a thousand. Yet the few 
Japanese mean business. They built 
this Heijo church a few months ago, 
and asked us missionaries to send them 
a contribution. Like the widow, we 
gave of our poverty, but I doubt if our 
paltry gift of twenty-five dollars will 
place us as high as the nameless widow 
who gave all that she had, which we 
couldn't well afford to do. Besides we 
were so dilatory in sending our gift 
that when it arrived the church was 
already built and dedicated free of 
debt. So they put our gift in an or- 
gan, on which is laid the heavy burden 
of harmonizing the voices of Cho-sens 
singing in their own tongue at the 
same time the Japanese sing in their 
language. Whereby, as of old, they 
each have a chance to hear in their 
own tongue the mighty songs of the 

This church most earnestly urged 
that the American Board extend its 
work to this new province of Japan 
by giving one of its experienced mis- 
sionaries from Japan and new mission- 

aries from the States. It goes without 
saying that this must be done if pos- 
sible. Let the church or some wealthy 
man or woman step forward for this 
great opening; not in any sectarian 
spirit, but with the conviction that the 
general work of Christianizing the pen- 
insula can be aided by our following 
the lead of the Kumi-ai churches. 
Japanese Christians are profoundly 


Paymaster of the Second Division of the 
Japanese Army 

sympathetic with the Cho-sen Chris- 
tians, and when the great campaign 
opened this fall in Heijo to win a mil- 
lion converts for Christ, they sent a 
warm letter of Christian greetings both 
to missionaries and to the Cho-sen 
churches, assuring them of prayers for 
their increasing success, and asking in 
turn for their prayers that the incom- 
ing Japanese might have an abundant 
outpouring of the Spirit on them. 
And while writing this the Seoul Press 
comes to hand with this illuminating 
item: *' Today leading Christians will 
meet at Keijo Hotel and p^take of 

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Japanese Christianity in Chosen (Korea) 


a dinner by way of cement- 
ing their friendship. There 
will be present many Jap- 
anese and Cho-sen Chris- 
tians, as well as foreign 
missionaries. ' ' That is, the 
same spirit of union that 
is abroad throughout the 
world has touched the va- 
ried work of Christians in 
Cho-sen; for which we 
give thanks without ceas- 

Just a word about the 
Cho-sen Christian Move- 
ment. It is great, and the 
credit of having done so 
conspicuous and successful 
a piece of mission work 
belongs to the missionary 
men and women who have 
been the living inspiration 
of the movement, and to 
the native Christians whose 
simple faith in the Word 
of God is productive of 
such self-sacrifice and eager 
evangelism. But it is a different type 
of Christianity from that of the Japa- 
nese, and is not yet related to world 


movements and world thought, as is 
that of Japan. Each can be of large 
use to the other. 

Co all its readers and to the wide imssionary circle at home and 
abroad whtcb it has the honor to represent, the ^Miesionary Rerald^ 
extends heartiest greetings and good wishes for 1911. It is a joy 
to be alive; to see the signs of the Kingdom^s advance; to feel the 
thrill of the opportunities which unfold with each new year; to 
catch the challenge to every one of us to hold life to its best and 
utmost, and to find that particular place where we can help on the 
great enterprise of the years. Chis magazine looks forward to an 
inviting task in recounting through another twelvemonth the life 
and work on the mission fields to that large and growing company 
known as the friends of the Hmerican Board* 

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The vital portion of the treasury 
report is the story of the gifts from 
the churches and individuals. The 
friends of the American Board are 
proud of dealing in large figures and 
noting how closely our budget ap- 
proximates the even million dollars per 
year, but when we remember that the 
Woman's Boards supply over a quarter 
of a million of that amount and that 
another large fraction is the result of 
the devotion and consecration of friends 
in the past generation, who through 
conditional gifts and legacies have let 
their works follow after them, we dis- 
cover that only a portion of the work 
really rests upon the churches of the 

We publish this month, therefore, the 
**gist of the matter." The churches 
have fallen off about $800 as compared 
with the corresponding month last year. 
The individuals, however, have largely 
increased their gifts. A considerable 
fraction of this increase should not be 

a matter of praise to ourselves, since 
it is the generosity of one individual in 
the Far West that swells the amount. 
When the six months of the Board's 
year are completed we look forward to 
presenting in a more striking and pic- 
torial way the actual condition of the 
treasury, and at that time the figures 
of the first six months will include 
gifts from all sources. 

Notice the splendid increase in the 
gifts from Sunday schools, over $1,200 
in this single month. The fund for the 
building of the Philippine church ought 
to be in hand by New Year's Day. The 
letters which come in suggest the in- 
creasing interest taken by the children 
in that Centennial Medal Contest. We 
need the second coat of paint, most of 
the roof, and fifty pews to complete it. 

This slight falling off in the churches' 
gifts ought not to indicate any decrease 
of interest, but only some passing con- 
dition which will be overcome by the 
gains of next month. 

Rbceipts Available for Rboular Appropbiations 



From From From 
S. S. and Twentieth Matured 
Y. P. S. Century Fund Conditional 

C. E. and Legacies Gifts 


from Funds 





$683.89 $4,864.61 $2,000.00 
1,930.27 1,836.39 , 2,500.00 

1 ! 






$1,246.38 1 $000.00 
1 $3,028.12 



For Three Months to November 80 



$11,106 23 



$6,000.00 $4,993.62 
4,600.00 6,338.63 







$1,600.00 1 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Home Department 



About 113 missionaries are supported 
by definite churches. Perhaps 183 of 
the home churches have a share in sup- 
porting a particular missionary. The 
more we talk with the missionaries and 
with members of these churches, the 
more clear it is that this bond is not 
as strong as it should be. A letter has 
just gone to every missionary and to 
churches in this relationship, suggest- 
ing many ways of mutual helpfulness. 
The churches sometimes feel that the 
missionary does not write interesting 
letters, fails to send vital and at- 
tractive messages; while there are as 
many instances on the other side where 
missionaries have tried to write faith- 
fully, but have received little or no re- 
sponse from their home churches. This 
can be made one of the most beautiful 
and helpful relationships in our church 
work, for it brings the whole world- 
winning enterprise into personal touch 
with us. One church has a ** fellowship 
communion service," where the home 
church remembers its missionary at the 
communion table, while the missionary 
is gathered with his native workers in 
prayer at that identical hour. 

Many Sunday schools can help to 
meet the apportionment of their church 
if they will support the youngest mem- 
ber of the missionary's family. An 
envelope with the photograph of the 
baby on the outside can be used for 
the collection for a given month. The 
woman's sewing circle should have one 
day of work in the year for the mis- 
sionary's family, school children, and 
native helpers. The missionary could 
easily suggest things to be thus pre- 
pared, which would serve as gifts, 
prizes, clothing, and decorations for the 
walls of church, bungalow, or school 

How can the Home Department help 
you to make this relationship vital? 
If you want us to pass on suggestions 
to your missionary abroad, in case of 
negligence or apparent indifference, 
give us the facts. The opportunity is 
yours to interest your people in the 

human side of this family over yon- 
der — "bone of our bone, flesh of our 
flesh." If the pastor is too busy to 
write letters in response to those re- 
ceived, why not ask one of the men of 
the church to dictate a hearty letter on 
his own business paper? If you pray 
for your missionary in some of your 
prayer meetings, let him know what 
the petition was. A Christmas card 
from various classes or New Year's 
greetings would mean an uplift to one 
who is isolated and often lonely. Put 
yourself in his place and remember the 
value of the same affection and good 
cheer that you would send to an absent 
member of your family. The writer 
was once a visitor on foreign fields and 
knows how eagerly the home mail is 
sought for. It is wonderful how a little 
warming up in our attitude will pro- 
duce more effective letters and a deeper 
interest on the part of the missionary. 
There is no better way to make his let- 
ters perfunctory and dull than by for- 
getting him for six months, and there 
is one little sentence that might well 
be added to many of the letters. It 
runs thus : ** Please do not answer this 
letter. We know you are busy, but 
we want you also to know that we are 
thinking of you in the midst of your 

Miss Mabel Emerson has come into 
the Young People's Department to as- 
sist in organizing study classes and in 
furthering educational plans for Sunday 
schools. It is suggested that county 
or union officers correspond with her 
about the present plans. The educa- 
tional work in other boards has received 
much more emphasis than in our own. 


There is a way by which churches 
can have their gifts go to a definite ob- 
ject abroad, and thus be connected per- 
sonally with their ** own parish." It is 
quite evident that it would be impossible 
for every church to be assigned its own 
work in the sense that it should hear 
definitely from the field, for the mis- 
sionary would never have time i@^tc 


Home Department 


any other work if he had a dozen 
churches in this country with which he 
must ^constantly correspond. If you 
wish your money to be devoted to the 
regular work of the Board in a given 
station, or a given group of villages, the 
Home Department will undertake to 
write you two letters a year telling of 
the progress of that work and review- 
ing the whole situation in an interest- 
ing way in the hope that this letter 
could be used among young people or 
from the pulpit in arousing inter^. 

There are margins of salaries of mis- 
sionaries at present unsubscribed, to 
which a few churches could be assigned. 
It has been proved by experience that 
it is very unwise and practically impos- 
sible to attempt to assign native work- 
ers in any large number, although 
many friends would select that particu- 
lar form of investment if it were left to 
them. The correspondence involved is 
very trying for the missionary. Some 
day in the future it may be possible for 
each great mission to be supported by 
the appropriations and gifts from the 
churches of an entire state or section of 
this country. The Woman's Boards 
have made this plan of pledged work 
most successful. If it were possible to 
talk the matter over with the state con- 
ferences we would wish to offer some 
of our great stations and even entire 
missions for their consideration, and we 
are hoping that this line of effort may 
be worked out. Meanwhile we all must 
recognize that no particular plan or 
scheme of supporting the work can be 
made successful without the elements 
of devotion, prayer, and sacrifice. If 
you are ready to contribute these fac- 
tors and want to be in touch with a 
parish of your own abroad, write us 
and let us see what can be offered. 


In a recent missionary conference 
some plans were suggested for the use 
of leaflets among the men of the church. 

1. Let the committee read samples 
of literature, obtainable from the 

Board and elsewhere, so they may 
choose that which is best suited to 
their needs. 

2. Choose a brief, forceful leafiet to 
be inclosed to all the church when the 
annual appeal for the missionary offer- 
ing is sent out, or ask the pastor and 
members of the committee to inclose 
this leaflet in letters to the congrega- 

3. Perhaps the pastor would give 
the missionary conmiittee the names 
of those who are shut in, or those on 
whom he calls from week to week, 
who are a little lonely and who would 
appreciate attention. Let the conmiit- 
tee write a pleasant letter, inclosing 
only a couple of the leaflets, and it will 
make the impression of a social call. 

4. The Board has cuts and charts 
which could be loaned under proper 
safeguards for printing in the church 
calendar. If an important missionary 
notice is to be made, a chart with its 
explanation might well appear, or a cut 
from the field in which you are most 

5. When tne prayer meeting topic 
permits it, and at the pastor's sugges- 
tion, send particular information to 
four or five members who mig^t take 
part if the material were to be thus 
put into their hands. 

6. If a church social is to be held, 
use members of the missionary circle 
or of the missionary committee of the 
Christian Endeavor Society to stimu- 
late this plan. Let them carry attrac- 
tive missionary leaflets or booklets, and 
at the social buttonhole trustees, dea- 
cons, and prominent members, trying 
to persuade them to give their word to 
read the leaflet if it is brought by that 
member of the committee to the house 
when his turn has come around. Few 
refusals will be met, and the signatures 
on the flyleaf afterwards, checked off 
with date, will make an interesting 
souvenir for the committee to preserve. 
If the girls are in costume it makes the 
plan more attractive. Such books as 
Ellis's " Men and Missions," Dr. Arthur 
Smith's * * Chinese Characteristics, " 
Mott's "Decisive Hour" might be 


Home Department 


used in this same way, and possibly a 
two-minute review of each be given 
before the contestants begin to secure 

7. The best plan of all, and the one 
being prominently used this year by 
the Laymen's Missionary Movement, is 
for the committee to select one pant- 
phlet for each month of the winter. 
Mention the name and its outline in the 
calendar. Ask the pastor to refer to it 
early in the month in his sermon and 
give the announcement from the pulpit. 
At the close of the service place a pam- 
phlet personally in the hands of the 
head of each family, "^^t the homes 
of those not represented at that serv- 
ice. Ask the pastor to bring in some 
topic from the pamphlet to one of the 
prayer meetings that month. 

8. The best Board leaflets for this 
kind of hand planting and hand picking 
are ''The New Era," "Our Far-Flung 
Battle line," ''Who Woke up Tur- 
key?" "The Centennial Leaflet," and 
"The Next Ten Years," by President 
Capen. These can be sent free in quan- 
tity. Among the larger pamphlets 
which should be purchased and used 
with more care might be mentioned : 
" The Inadequacy of the Non-Ouistian 
Religions," by Speer; "Prayer and 
Missions," by Speer; "The Value of 
Foreign Missions," by William H. Taft ; 
*' The Uprising of Men for World Con- 
quest," by Samuel B. Capen. 


If we neglect the founding of study 
classes, the preparation of effective 
plans for missionary education among 
the young people and in the Sunday 
school, we will bear the blame of in- 
difference in the next generation. 
Wherever there is a Sunday school 
teacher who desires to make missions 
interesting to her class; wherever there 
is an annually appointed missionary 
committee who are conscious of their 
inexperience ; wherever a pastor faces 
a new situation calling for educational 
methods on any particular country, 
there we desire the educational depart- 
ment to be felt. 


[See Calendar of Prayer in the American Board 
s f or 19U] 





82 Chnrebca, with 6.<86 Membere 

819 Natire Laborers. 8,76S PapUs 

The figures given above cover the 
South Africa Mission with its two 
branches, the Zulu and the Rhodesian, 
and also West Africa, and indicate the 
extent of the work of the American 
Board. It is something, though little, 
compared with the vastness of the 
great continent. Prayer may well be 
offered for all the neglected portions 
of the great continent, in which it is 
believed there are two hundred million 
souls that need the gospel of Christ. 

The Zulu Branch is in distress by 
reason of the weakening of its mis- 
sionary staff. Within the past year 
Mr. and Mrs. Foss have been compelled 
to return to America and Mr. and Mrs. 
LeRoy to prolong their furlough, with 
return somewhat in doubt ; a cable dis- 
patch reports the breakdown of Mr. 
Cowles, necessitating his withdrawal. 
In the absence of Mr. LeRoy, Mr. 
Goodenough has been called away from 
Johannesburg to the school at Aman- 
zimtoti. Mr. Taylor is busy upon the 
revision of the Zulu Bible, so cannot 
fill his proper place in the theological 
school at Impolweni. We are glad to 
say, in view of the great exigency, 
Rev. F. Rj Bunker, who has seen long 
service in South Africa and who has 
now entirely recovered his health, has 
consented at the call of the mission to 
take up again the superintendence of 
mission schools in Natal for a period 
of at least three years, leaving his 
family in the United States. 

We ask for prayers for the restora- 
tion of the health of the disabled mis- 
sionaries. Dr. Wilder, of Chikore, and 
Mr. LeRoy, both of whom with their 
families are in the United States, and 
also for Mr. Cowles, that he may so9f^ 
be able to resume his work. J 


By Secretary JAMES L. BARTON 

ALTHOUGH missionaries were sent 
out to ** preach the gospel," it 
was necessary for them to find 
the people to whom they should preach. 
By glancing at the map of the world in 
1810 as printed in "The Story of the 
American Board," we see that when 
this Board was organized all the inte- 
rior of Africa and Australia is marked 
as unexplored. It is understood that 
practically nothing was then known 
with certainty about the interiors of 
China and Japan, while most of the 
Asiatic countries, like Persia, Turkey, 
etc., had been visited, but in a limited 
measure. By far the larger number of 
missionaries, during the first half cen- 
tury of mission planting, were pioneer 
explorers of the countries they were 
sent out to serve. In fact in the in- 
structions given to the earlier mission- 
aries they were directed to explore the 
country, discover the strategic centers 
for occupancy, and plant their mission 
stations at such places as the local con- 
ditions of health, influence, and future 
development demanded. 

The missionaries by ability and train- 
ing were well qualified to do this work, 
having received the best education the 
leading colleges and seminaries of the 
time could give them. Fully realizing 
the crucial responsibility of planting 
mission stations, and attracted by the 
mystery of the unknown regions be- 
yond, the first missionaries and, in un- 
explored regions, the missionaries of 
all periods gave themselves to the 
direct work of prospecting and map 
making. For the time being, and until 

their task was accomplished, these mis- 
sionaries of the cross were explorers 
and geographers as well as evangelists. 

The importance of careful and scien- 
tific exploration of a country that is to 
be occupied for missionary work can be 
readily understood when we recognize 
the fact- that the institutions of the 
gospel necessarily depend for their cost 
and effectiveness upon the accessibility 
of the regions occupied, the means of 
communication with the other parts 
of the same country, the rainfall, pro- 
ductivity, waterways, capabilities of 
future physical development, and many 
other geographical features which it 
was the express business of the mis- 
sionaries to learn and report to the 
home office. 

In many instances these investiga- 
tions resulted in the location of mis- 
sions in the countries explored; in 
others the interested Board decided 
not to venture upon work, as in the 
case of Patagonia, to which an explor- 
ing missionary party was sent by this 
Board, but without result in the open- 
ing of a mission. 

The first few years of missionary 
endeavor in Turkey were given to ex- 
ploration and translation. The mis- 
sionaries soon discovered that the 
available maps of the interior of the 
country were of but little value. The 
centers of population, the connecting 
highways, the resources of the country 
had to be searched out and tabulated, 
not only for their own uses, but for the 
use of those who should follow them. 
Long, laborious, and hazardous tours 


By-Product8 of Foreign Missijns 


were taken through Syria, over into 
Bg3n>t, across Asia Minor in various 
directions, through Kurdistan, into 
Persia and Northern Mesopotamia, for 
the purpose of discovering the country, 
its strategic points, and its geograph- 
ical setting. The tours of Messrs. 
Smith and Dwight across Asia Minor, 
Kurdistan, and into Persia, related in 
detail and with scientific accuracy, 
were not only of enormous value to 
mission work in that country, but were 
also a direct contribution to the science 
of geography. Dr. Grant was the first 
to pass months in the heart of that un- 
tamed and unknown section of Turkey 
called Kurdistan and to make elaborate 
report of his observations. As a med- 
ical missionary he was able to accom- 
plish what a purely scientific explorer 
had previously attempted, and in that 
attempt had lost his life. 

In the Islands of the Pacific the mis- 
sionaries as geographers have been of 
the greatest possible service to the 
world. At the beginning of the last 
century but few of those islands were 
at all known. With only a fraction of 
these had any form of trade been es- 
tablished, and that, for the most part, 
with the people at a single point in a 
group. Many of these islands were 
known to be inhabited by the most 
cruel savages, and to them foreign 
sailors gave wide berth. Such condi- 
tions constituted a challenge to the 
missionaries, and to these islands at- 
tention was early directed. Group 
after group and island after island 
were approached, occupied — often 
with terrible loss — yet held, explored, 
mapped, sometimes named, and so 
added to the content of the world's 
known geography. One of the best 
examples of such exploiting is that of 
the Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands, as 
the missionaries penetrated to all parts 
of the territory, and with maps and 
minute descriptions made the whole 
archipelago known to the world. 

The explorers of Africa in the earlier 
stages of the investigations of that dark 
and unknown continent were mission- 
aries. They ventured into the un- 

mapped, fever-guarded, and unknown 
interiors. They discovered many of 
the highways and waterways, and made 
known the fact that the highlands of 
the interior were more free from fevers 
perilous to the white man than the low- 
lands of the coast. David Livingstone 
was a missionary, and as such he blazed 
a track into the undiscovered heart of 
Africa, opening the way for Stanley 
and the long line of successors who 
together have removed the words ** un- 
known and undiscovered'* from the 
map of that great continent. Today 
one can traverse Africa from west to 
east and from north to south in many 
directions, and cross at a hundred points 
well-worn paths of the exploring mis- 
sionaries, who have given their lives 
to letting in the light of geographical 
knowledge as well as of gospel truth. 

In China it was the Christian mis- 
sionary that first endeavored to gain 
residence in the interior of the coun- 
try. He pushed his way from the 
coast towns until by scores and even 
hundreds he is now found in every one 
of the eighteen provinces. In the reg- 
ular promotion of the work of his high 
calling he has explored China's rivers, 
her ancient highways of travel and 
unique barriers of defense ; he has 
accurately located and become familiar 
with her great walled cities, and has 
written the story of her resources. 
Even today our most extended and 
accurate knowledge of China, espe- 
cially of her extensive interior regions, 
has been obtained from the investiga- 
tions and reports of Christian mis- 

These specific cases, and they might 
be greatly multiplied, are given only 
by way of illustration to show how 
much we are indebted to the mission- 
aries for our present knowledge of 
Africa, the Islands of the Pacific, and 
the Nearer and Farther East. With- 
out the results of their observations 
and reports, their maps and sugges- 
tions, we would know but little even 
today of these widely extended sections 
of the inhabitable world. . 

Geographical journals and societi^^ 


Field Notes 


have not been slow to acknowledge the 
value of the contributions missionaries 
are able to make and have made to 
the science of geogrraphy. Missionaries 
have be6n elected fellows of the Royal 
Geographical Society and of other so- 
cieties of a similar character and pur- 
pose, and their aid has been repeatedly 
sought in prosecuting investigations. 

The limits of this article would be 
vastly exceeded by merely naming the 
books written by missionaries upon the 
countries they have explored, many of 
these containing the first general in- 
formation ever published regarding 
their geographical conditions. The 
missionaries have broken through the 
barriers that native ignorance and 
superstition had erected, penetrating 
into the hitherto unknown areas in 
which men dwell ; there making their 
abode, they have shared with the world 
the loiowledge they thus at great 
sacrifice acquired. 

However much the missionaries may 
have accomplished in leading in philo- 
logical investigations and ethnical stud- 

ies, and in both of these lines they have 
done much, they will undoubtedly stand 
supreme as geographers and explorers, 
who by penetrating into the very heart 
of nearly every uncivilized or partially 
civilized country have laid bare the 
secrets of their location, physical con- 
ditions, and accessibility. They have 
cast up great physical and intellectual 
highways, along which with certainty 
and safety others may follow ; thus the 
world has been made a neighborhood. 

When one adds the marked advance 
of steamship travel and the construc- 
tion of railroads to and through those 
countries that were not only unap- 
proachable but even unknown at the 
beginning of the century, it is easy to 
understand the meaning to the Chris- 
tian Church of 800,000,000 of non- 
Christians, within easy reach of Chris- 
tian institutions, ready for the message 
that shall make them new creatures in 
Jesus Christ. The missionary as an 
explorer has brought the foreign world 
as a waiting suppliant to the door of 
the Christian Church. 


A SncecMful Experiment 

(Japan Field) 

In 1900 the Japan Mission formed an 
Outlook Committee of two members, 
who by division of the field should visit 
every station to get information re- 
garding its work and needs and to ren- 
der such aid as appeared to be in their 
power. Two years later, by a union 
with the Evangelistic Committee of the 
mission, an Outlook and Evangelistic 
Committee was organized of six mem- 
bers, serving three years each, two to 
be elected each year. This merger 
was made because it was thought the 
tasks of both committees could well be 

The decade now closed has proved 
the exceeding value of this commit- 
tee's work. Twenty-three members of 
the mission (sixteen men and seven 
women) have rendered this service; 

the stations and outstations have all 
been repeatedly visited, the parishes of 
self-supporting churches as well as the 
congregations dependent on the Japan 
Missionary Society having welcomed 
the fraternal counsel and evangelistic 
aid of their guests. 

The valuable results of the experi- 
ment as summed up by Rev. George 
M. Rowland comprise the broadened 
experience and increased eflSciency of 
the committee ; the inspiration of lo- 
cal ministers and congregations; the 
cheering of isolated missionaries; the 
exchange of ideas between stations; 
greater esprit de corps not only within 
the mission circle, but between mem- 
bers of the mission and the Kumi-ai 
Christians ; and finally the forming of 
a group of men and women who have 
first-hand knowledge of the entire 
work and entire field, besides personal 


Fidd Notes 


acquaintance with ministers and lay- 

While the conditions in other mis- 
sions may not make it possible to copy 
exactly this method from Japan» yet it 
is worth consideration elsewhere as an 
invention approved where it has been 

A Toar to Tocmt 

iWeaUm Turkey PieUO 

Messrs. Perry and Partridge recently 
made a tour from Sivas to Tocat to 
ordain a preacher there, an event of 
special importance, since during the 
past two years the station forces have 


been stripped of the three ordained pas- 
tors. Tocat must ever be famous in 
missionary history, since it was on a 
visit there that Henry Martyn laid 
down his life in his young manhood, 
a sacrifice to the hardships and dangers 
experienced by the missionary ex- 

Although the city has usually had a 
preacher, it is more than forty years 
since the church has enjoyed the min- 
istry of an ordained man. It was 

therefore a special pleasure to ordain a 
new pastor, who will not only care for 
the church in Tocat, but will lend a 
hand to the missionaries in shepherding 
pastorless churches in the region. 

Avedis Eff endi Kevor- 
kian is a graduate of the 
Sivas Normal School. 
After some years of 
service as teacher, he 
took the theological 
course at Marsovan 
Seminary, spent four 
years in one of the outstations, and was 
then called to Tocat. He is a faithful, 
hard-working, capable man, an attract- 
ive preacher, and a beloved pastor. 

The two days that the visitors spent 
in Tocat were crowded with lectures, 
services, conferences, and the receiving 
and making of calls. Mr. Partridge's 
illustrated lecture, "A Tour around 
the World," attracted great attention ; 
even a few Turks were present. It was 
the first appearance of an acetylene 
light in th,e region. 

At the ordination service on Sunday, 
when Mr. Partridge preached the ser- 
mon and Mr. Perry gave the charge to 
the pastor, a Greek pastor of another 
church offered the prayer; thus two 
Americans and one Greek ordained an 
Armenian pastor for an Armenian 
church. But the sense of Christian 
brotherhood was strong enough to 
break down all barriers of race. 

Welcomed with Firecracker* 

{Foochow FHsld) 

Mr. Christian, who left for Foochow 
August 6, reached that city just as the 
sun was disappearing behind the west- 
ern hills on October 25. Messrs. Peet 
and Hubbard met him on his arrival at 
Pagoda Anchorage, and came with him 
in the launch which brought them fif- 
teen miles up the Min River to Foo- 
chow City. The first glimpses of his 
new home were a succession of memo- 
rable impressions: the way along the 
jetty and up through narrow alley 
ways crowded with fruit stands and 
native shops ; the crossing of the Bridgt 
of Ten Thousand Ages, and the rou 



thence through the main thoroughfare 
along the fish market to the city wall 
and the mission compound. 

On nearing the compound, at a signal 
from the college monitor long strings 
of firecrackers were set off, and amid 
their din the party was welcomed by 
the entire student body drawn up in 
double line, until within the compoimd 
itself the missionary company gave 
their hearty greeting. 

In the evening, at a reception planned 
by the college boys in part to honor 
their president on his fiftieth birthday 
and in part to welcome the newcomer, 
the latter, sitting alongside of President 
Peet on the platform and looking into 
the 200 or more bright, eager faces of 
the young men before him, breathed a 
prayer of thanksgiving that God had 
led him to China and this great field 
of opportunity. 

First ImprcsaioBfl 

(Madura Field) 

Rev. L. C. Powers, who sailed for 
Southern India, August 6, sends from 
Pasumalai, where he is located, his first 
impressions of his field. He is happy 
in finding that, despite the still vivid 
recollection of needs and openings in 
the homeland, which cannot but be at- 
tractive to a young man, South India 
is even more appealing and satisfying 
than he could have believed. The hard- 
ships are not so great as he had an- 
ticipated, the heat not so depressing, 
the snakes not so numerous or large, 
the variety of food not so limited. The 


educational activity both within and 
without the mission greatly impresses 
this new arrival. The plan of ad- 
vance from village school to that of 
higher grade, the emphasis on techni- 
cal education, the aid of the govern- 
ment to the missionary schools, all 
mark a developed and advancing sys- 
tem of education. Even at present 
one youth in every thirteen in India 
gets at least a beginning of that educa- 
tion. The buildings at Pasumalai and 
Madura appear well located, well kept, 
well ventilated, and cheerful. A thou- 
sand students are in the Board's insti- 
tutions of higher grade, 9,000 others in 
the lower grades. There are growing 
needs accompanying all this advance, so 
that instead of wondering if one is 
needed he begins to wish he were twins 
so he could do more. It is a surprise 
and gratification to find how mission 
work is appreciated ; government offi- 
cials declare Christian missions the 
greatest civilizing agency in India. 
Leading citizens of Hindu, Moham- 
medan, and theosophic faiths mingle 
freely on social occasions with Christian 

The students give the new missionary 
hearty welcome ; when he enters the 
villages he is likewise courteously and 
cordially received. One's sympathy 
and love cannot but go out to a people 
so appreciative. He longs for the time 
when he can speak directly to them. 
The awful need of India for Christian 
men prepared to help makes constant 
and tremendous appeal. The students 


Field Notes 


of India more than all else need ac- 
quaintance with Jesus Christ as an 
inspiration and with his ethics as a 
guide to unselfish, public-minded citi- 
zenship and leadership. Instead of the 
statement that the Indians are too well 
educated, it would be more accurate 
to say their education has been too 

An instance of the cheer of the situa- 
tion came on a recent Sunday, when, 
after a drive of ten miles for a com- 
munion service, there appeared among 
the trees a tent decorated with flowers 
and American and British flags and 
surrounded by 200 people, over twenty 
of whom awaited baptism. There had 
been no Christians in the village for 
fifty years, but these candidates seemed 
very promising as they confessed their 
belief and were baptized. A teacher 
has been provided, a prayer house is 
to be built, and it appears that a num- 
ber of others will soon be ready for 

Good News from the Uttfe Lriands 
( Mieronenan Field ) 

Rev. Carl Heine, a German by birth, 
has for a long time been pastor of the 
church at Ebon in the Marshall Islands. 
In a recent letter addressed to Mrs. E. 
M. Pease, formerly of Micronesia, Mr. 

Fart of masonry class at work on the foundation 

Heine reports that on his return from 
a brief furlough in Australia he found 
the work in good condition. Twenty 
persons were to be received into church 
membership, while others were in course 
of preparation. Miss Hoppin had come 
into the group from Kusaie, bringing a 
company of Marshall Island girls, and 
the people at Ebon and other islands 
were greatly encouraged by the visit. 
Miss Hoppin was detained for many 
weeks at Jaluit on account of the sick- 
ness of Kapua, a paramount chief of 
that region, whom she nursed assidu- 
ously until his death. An epidemic of 
influenza had passed over the islands, 
and many died from it. Miss Hoppin 
was expecting to make a complete 
tour of the Marshall group before re- 
turning to Kusaie, though at the date 
of Mr. Heine's letter it was doubtful if 
she could accomplish so much. 

Indnstrial Training in the Heart of Africa 

{Rhaieaian Field) 

The industrial department both at 
Mt. Silinda and Chikore has been hav- 
ing a busy season, though Mr. Orner 
counts it as going forward only at the 
slow ''African pace." With so few to 
oversee work and keep close watch 
upon details it is especially hard to 
conduct the industrial department of 
the mission satisfactorily. 
Mr. Orner was obliged to 
make weekly trips between 
Mt. Silinda and Chikore 
while the brickmaking was 
on. That season is now 
over; 225,000 bricks were 
made at Mt. Silinda, 125,000 
at Chikore. Tilemaking has 
now begun, which can be 
pushed under shelter until 
the new year. The masonry 
^^M work on the house for Dr. 
41^ Lawrence was completed at 
the time of writing, and the 
roof nearly so. Occupation 
in other lines has reduced 
the amount of finished lum- 
ber, but with the sawmill 
now moved and reset in 
connection with tjie shop 

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Field Notes 


and so that it can be operated from 
the main shaft of the shop, it is ex- 
pected the mill can be run throughout 
the wet season and the plant kept con- 
tinually in operation. The oxen have 
been so steadily used in hauling build- 
ing material and trampling clay for 


In inclosing this picture Mr. Orner notes that 
according: to African custom these babies would have 
been strangled at birth. Dire threats from Dr. 
Lawrence alone restrained the parents. Probably 
the only living twins with heathen parents in the 

bricks that plowing has been hindered, 
and it looks as if there will be less area 
under cultivation than in the preceding 

Evangelistic work is not neglected, 
and Mr. Orner thinks that it is proving 
a better plan to have the services under 
the leadership of different people than 
to have one man lead them all. Those 
who are being called on to assist are 
responding. Kraal services are well 
attended ; there is an awakening inter- 
est in some cases, though to the mis- 
sionary's eager heart it seems as though 

it would be hard to find a less impres- 
sionable people. 

The Prestige of a Mission Collcce 

(Foochow FSeldi 

In a letter just received by District 
Secretary Beard, Rev. Lyman P. Peet, 
of Foochow, reports this significant 
incident : — 

**A party of commercial men from 
the Pacific coast are due here tomor- 
row. They are visiting China as guests 
of the Chinese government, and every 
courtesy is being shown them. I was 
much, surprised this afternoon to re- 
ceive an invitation from the foreign 
board and six or seven institutions of 
the city to meet these guests at three 
o'clock tomorrow afternoon and to de- 
liver a short address. I hope to accept 
the invitation. There are between 
forty and fifty in the party, and the 
Chinese authorities are doing every- 
thing to make the visit a success. 
'they are furnishing a brand-new sedan 
for each person, and three coolies to 
each sedan. The coolies are dressed 
in black and wear the Chinese and 
American flags crossed on their shoul- 
ders. The affair promises to be a mem- 
orable one, and we can only hope it will 
not rain. They are to visit a number 
of institutions, among them the Indus- 
trial (Government) School at the Water 
Gate. This evening a letter came from 
the Industrial School asking me for 
three or four of our students to help 
receive the guests. This coming to us 
for help, I consider, speaks well for 
the reputation of our school. Things 
are rushing with us." 

Mr. Beard in forwarding the note 
makes this comment: — 

*' These invitations show more con- 
clusively than anything else could pos- 
sibly do the estimation in which the 
educational board of Fukien province, 
with its headquarters in Foochow, the 
commissioner of the railroads of the 
Fukien province, the head of the great 
Industrial School with some five hun- 
dred students, and the Chamber of 
Commerce of that big city hold the 

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Letters from the Missions 


president of our Foochow College and 
the college itself. The work which it 
has done during the past quarter of a 
century is thus acknowledged. It is 
the first time that Foochow has ever 
entertained such a body of visitors, 
and the Chamber of Commerce, the 

educational conmiissioners, and the 
officials of Foochow will put forth their 
utmost effort to make the best impres- 
sion possible upon them. The Amer- 
ican Board can justly feel a humble 
pride in being asked to assist in this 
important occasion.'' 




The following letter from Miss Helen 
H. Stover, of Bailundu, not only rielates 
her personal experiences at several 
outstations of the mission where no 
missionary resides, and in particular at 
Epanda, tiie foremost of these centers 
of native Christian work, but re-en- 
forces a letter from Mrs. Ennis of the 
same mission, published recently, in 
which she pleads for some one to have 
regular and close oversight of the 
schools where missionaries are not lo- 
cated and upon whose right conduct 
so much depends: — 

"I spent six weeks of this vacation 
away from home, four of them in our 
principal outstation, Epanda; the other 
two in Ochileso and on the road. The 

visit to Epanda brought me into closer 
touch with the natives than I could 
get here in years. Epanda is two days' 
journey from Bailundu, and I was quite 
alone there, so far as white neighbors 
are concerned. I expected to be fear- 
fully lonesome, but was not so at all. 
They have a good work started there 
in a district that is rather thickly set- 
tled. Only one Portuguese is quite 
near them, and he is a fairly decent 
fellow as they go. The two head work- 
ers, Katito and Cituinba, are men of 
good sense and ability. They have 
thorough control of the younger ones 
on their place, and advise and manage 
them in an excellent manner. At pres- 
ent a new church is being built, and 
they need it badly. The Sunday morn- 
ing service is attended by crowds from 
the villages round about, and nearly 


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Letters from the Missions 


half have to sit outside, for the build- 
ing is too small. Their bell, which 
came over two years ago, and of which 
they are very proud, is rung for twenty 
minutes or so Saturday evening to 
notify the surrounding country that 
the next day will be Sunday. Many 
of the people start early in the morn- 
ing in order to arrive for church time 
at 10.30. The Christian people on the 
place seem earnest and sincere ; I liked 
their spirit very much. 

"On the way to Ochileso I stopped 
at two of our other outstations. Their 
work is smaller and newer, but it is 
progressing. There is such a differ- 
ence in the attitude of the men when 
they don't come in contact with the 
Portuguese as they do here in this 
station, where we are so surrounded by 

The Claim of the Outstations 

* * My visit made me feel more strongly 
than ever on the subject of our out- 
stations. Until father and mother 
passed through those places on their 
way home no one had visited them for 
over two years. Their schools are 
really in a deplorable condition. There 
should be some one to inspect these 
schools every two months, for they 
contain the material for the future 
evangelization of the country. 'How 
can they learn unless they be taught ? ' 
In Epanda they simply begged me, 
until it was pitiful, to come during 
school time and look after them. If 
Miss Campbell were here this year I 
should go, but as it is we are perplexed 
about our own school work. 

"I feel that we can never hope to 
progress while we are so handicapped. 
It seems at present as if we were at a 
standstill. Everything that we feel 
should be done can't be done for lack 
of workers and funds. When will 
the people wake up and take some 
interest in poor Africa? We have not, 
I know only too well, the natural things 
of interest to the public, such as J^an, 
China, and Turkey have ; therefore we 
should be pushed before them all the 
more. Forgive me if I've spoken 

rather warmly and strongly; I feel 
strongly. If you could have lived as 
I have been living among the natives 
and heard them talk and plead for 
teachers and more light you couldn't 
help such a feeling." 



A letter from Mrs. John Howland, of 
Guadalajara, written on November 11, 
the first day of the revolutionary out- 
break in that city, was received just in 
time to furnish an editorial note for 
the December issue of the Missionary 
Herald, Other and fuller letters since 
received from Mrs. Howland d^ribe 
the later incidents and review the 
whole event. It lasted but three days, 
and after the first night it was seen 
that the government had the city un- 
der control. Though urged to seek 
safety under guard in the center 
of the city, the missionary company 
did not feel it was necessary to leave 
the mission premises, and the result 
showed that this judgment was right. 
Through all the disturbance there was 
no occasion to seek the government's 

The Sunday was passed quietly by 
the missionary company. The church 
was opened as usual Sunday morning 
for the Sunday schools, which were 
well attended. The customary after- 
noon and evening services were omit- 
ted to avoid possible inflaming of the 
idle and excited populace. 

By Monday people were returning to 
their usual occupations, and it appeared 
that the worst was over. Many serious 
questions affecting* business relations 
between the Mexicans and Americans 
remain to disturb the situation. Mrs. 
Rowland's review of affairs from the 
missionary standpoint presents a hap- 
pier outlook : — 

A Testing Time 

" We, however, who do not stay here 
for business reasons are already seeing 
a bright side. As admission we have 

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Letters from the Missions 


grreat cause to be thankful that thus 
far we have come through with ab- 
solutely no damage done to church, 
college, institute, press, and home. 

*' We feel that the testing of church 
and schools has resulted in renewed 
loyalty to the principles of Jesus as laid 
down in the Sermon on the Mount, and 
that the work of the Colegio Intema- 
cional has been shown to be of a charac- 
ter that will make its graduates ready 
to do fine work in their own country in 
its hours of emergency. 

*' When the call came to the students 
of the city to make a formal protest 
against the Texas lynching, of course 
our older students, many from non- 
Protestant families, were included with 
the rest, and in a body they asked per- 
mission to go to the meeting called by 
the law, medical, and lyceum students, 
to be only a ' dignified protest ' against 
such abuses as the lynching. 

'*It was quite a question. There 
would be a high pressure of feeling, to 
say the least, and the boys were ex- 
cited ; but on the other hand they were 
Mexican citizens, they firmly believed 
that their ' country ' had called them, 
and for an American to keep them 
'shut in' would be unwise. So Mr. 
Rowland cautioned them to be wise 
and prudent and let them go. They 
went off with a shout, and I confess my 
heart sank within me, but the result 
proved all we could have hoped. 

Promoters of Peace 

"The meeting which was to have 
been only ' dignified ' was soon broken 
up by the wild crowd of peons who 
started in a body through the streets 
for the consulate and business houses, 
finally turning towards the residence 
portion of the city known as the Amer- 
ican colony. When they reached the 
Methodist school there were hundreds 
— some say a thousand — surging about 
the high iron fence. Our boys followed 
to see what happened and did what 
they could to keep them from the 
building; but it was no use. They 
then went around to the back of the 
premises and were recognized and 

called in by the ladies, who were alone 
with their flock of eighty-five children. 
There seven of them stayed all night, 
doing all they could to help the teach- 
ers. Another part of the group of stu- 
dents took a car and arrived at the 
comer of the college just as the mob 
was preparing to turn down the road, 
and by good generalship succeeded in 
keeping them away, and the building 
was untouched. 

"From the college, however, the 
noise was terrible ; shots and crashing 
of heavy plate glass windows in the 
houses of our American neighbors; 
and we expected an attack every mo- 
ment, waiting, with doors and windows 
closed, till our turn came. What was 
our relief when the sounds became 
fainter and fainter and we realized that 
we had been passed by, for that time at 
least. The next morning the Methodist 
ladies asked for the loan of another 
guard, and six students again stayed 
with them, giving them great comfort 
by promising to guard the stairs in 
case an entrance was made to the 
house. The ladies have expressed the 
deepest gratitude to those who stood 
so bravely by them, and said that the 
debt could not be repaid. We were 
very glad that it was possible to show 
thus our regard for and sympathy with 
our sister mission which has suffered 
much loss and inconvenience. 

"This night the government troops 
were able to hold the crowds and no 
more damage was done in the colony, 
though there was a wild time down 
town in certain parts. The boys re- 
mained on the roof of the college two 
nights, and messengers went back and 
forth all day to keep us informed. 
Not a youth left, and to cap the cli- 
max, when we had received warning to 
leave and heard at the moment a vio- 
lent ringing of the telephone, it was a 
father who wished to enter two new 
pupils on Monday! This was reassur- 
ing, as showing no ill feeling against us. 

"In all this crisis the way the stu- 
dents have conducted themselves has 
made us even more anxious to enlarge 
our work and have fitting accommodanC 


Letters from the Missions 


tions for students of the future, who 
by their temperate actions, wise coun- 
sels, and Christian spirit will be Mexi- 
can citizens worthy to occupy high 
positions in the government or wher- 
ever they may be called to act. 

"The ladies of Corona Instituto are 
well and the school has had no inter- 
ruption, as it is very fortunately sit- 
uated out of the storm center. A loyal 
Mexican friend of Miss Gleason had 
offered to receive her with the whole 
school if there should be trouble, but 
there was no need to accept the kind 



On his return from furlough. Rev. 
Robert F. Black found the activities of 
the Philippine Mission expanding in a 
way to challenge utmost strength and 
skill. He writes in particular of the 
planting of a school in a new locality, 
and of the bearing of this and similar 
schools upon the general situation : — 

"A few weeks after I arrived in 
Davao two more students of the Silli- 
man Institute (a col- 
lege of the American 
Presbyterian Mission 
at Dumaguete on the 
island of Negros) came 
down in response to 
Dr. Sibley's invitation. 
We decided to place 
them in a purely Ba- 
gobo town, not in 
connection with any 
American plantation. 
We selected Mellilla 
(Melilya), a suburb of 
our outstation at Santa 
Cruz, about four miles 
up the hill. Twenty of 
our children of that 
town of more than a 
hundred houses had 
been going to school 
in Santa Cruz, but 
there were fifty or a bagobo girl 
more children who a dancer 

were not in school. Our former pupQ 
(Davao dormitory) was chief there, 
and he was greatly in favor of the 
school. The teachers, on account of 
the traditions of centuries, were very 
timid about living in a pagan town 
hereabout, so we put the two together. 
The chief let the town policeman stay 
with them the first few nights till their 
fears wore away. There is a fair trail 
up the mountain. We took the teach- 
ers' trunks and some provisions up on 
two sleds, one loaned by a Chinese 
merchant and the other by a Japanese 
merchant. The two water buffaloes 
belonged, one to a Filipino and the 
other to a Japanese. The sled which I 
attended tipped over five times on the 
way up, but as the load was tied on 
the delay was short. We rented two 
houses; one for $2 a month for a 
schoolhouse and the other at $1.75 a 
month for the teachers' use. The chief 
gave us a good-sized lot next to the 
town hall (under construction), on 
which I think we shall build a school 
next month. Materials are plentiful, 
and with the help of the teachers a 
suitable school can be built for $10 or 
$15. Forty pupils are enrolled, and are 
receiving daily religious instruction as 
well as the three R's. They are also 
doing work in the school garden line. 
The director of agriculture has prom- 
ised me some seeds, and I hope to have 
a good, big garden at each of our four 

The Problem of the Time 

** These schools are all of them doing 
work that the government is not yet 
ready or able to do. In the future we 
hope the government will have a public 
school at every important villj^ge, but 
at present it cannot ; both teachers and 
funds are lacking. Meanwhile a gen- 
eration is growing up untrained and 
uncared for, learning many things 
from contact with the new life, but 
not getting the uplift they require. 
Our schools are filling this need for 
the present, and we must keep them up 
for a time. It will give us the coming 
leaders for the kingdom. Weiare mak- 

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The Wide Field 


ing these schools centers for evangel- 
ization, and Dr. Sibley will use them as 
dispensary stations also. Don't fail us 
with the appropriations we asked. We 
must train Bagobo teachers for the 
Bagobos back in the hills." 

TBe workers at the center of opera- 
tions (Davao) are being tried to their 
utmost. Evangelist Antonio has given 
up one-half of his salary for the balance 
of the year to eke out the appropria- 
tion, and is supporting himself by do- 
ing photographic work. 

Upon the invitation of Mr. Cole, an 
ethnologist of the Field Museum, Chi- 
cago, Mr. Black accompanied him in 
September on an expedition into the 
bill country of the Bagobos, and to a 
region where so far as is known the 
last human sacrifice occurred. It was 
as primitive and strenuous a country 
for travel as explorers find in Africa ; 
there were deep forests to penetrate; 
hard trails alternated with good; 
streams large enough to be called riv- 
ers had to be crossed ; at last the trav- 
elers came out upon meadow land and 
the new town of Bausalan, the poverty 
and barbarism of whose people were ap- 
palling. An old town a little further 
along was also visited, showing better 
homes and fields of true Bagobo type. 
The i)eople were very friendly to the 
visitors, and apparently had but little 
faith in the Bagobo religion. They are 
certainly in need of something better 
than they have. In these pagan tribes 




of Mindanao appears the emergency 
both of need and opportunity for mis- 
sionary work to prepare them to appro- 
priate the civilization and enterprise 
which the United States is bringing 
into its new possessions, and to save 
them from even a worse degradation 
than they now know. 




What mission field abounds in dra- 
matic events as does that land of Chris- 
tian heroes, Uganda! Bishop Tucker 
returning to England in October has 
told with the vividness of an eyewitness 
the fresh story of the Martyrs' Memo- 
rial dedication. On July 14, the anni- 
versary of that day thirty-four years 
past when the first missionaries started 

from the coast to reach Uganda, where 
only three of them ever arrived, there 
was unveiled on the spot where three 
Baganda Christians were burned to 
death for their faith in January, 1885, 
a Celtic cross of silver granite sent out 
from Europe and erected as a memo- 
rial to these martyrs. Bishop Tucker's 
words draw the impressive contrast 
which the scene suggested : — 

**The little band of Christians in the 
old days; the cloudi^. and darkness i|^ 


The Wide Field 


which were hangfing over the future; 
the young lads valiant for the truth ; 
the death agony ; the apparent loss of 
all. And then, twenty-five years later, 
gathered around that memorial cross 
the representatives of 70,000 Chris- 
tians, members of a fully constituted 
church, self-governing, self-supporting, 
and self -extending." 

The Church Missionary Review for 
November, in which we find the record 
of Bishop Tucker's report, also relates 
in this wise his participation in other 
joyful events: — 

" A few weeks later he interred with 
Christian rites the remains of the king 
who instituted the martyrdom of those 


lads and of many besides, and who or- 
dered the murder of Bishop Hanning- 
ton. Mwanga died in 1903 in the Sey- 
chelles, whither he had been deported 
as a political prisoner in 1901 ; but be- 
fore his death he gave evidence of true 
repentance and was baptized. When 
the news of his death reached Uganda 
the Rev. Henry Wright Duta preached 
a sermon, in which he pictured Mwan- 
ga's arrival in heaven and Bishop Han- 
nington going out to meet him and 
saying : * How do you do, my friend ? 

Have you come here, you who hurried 
me here and have now joined me?' 
Well, the remains of Mwanga have 
been transported by sea and land from 
the Indian Ocean to Uganda, and 
Bishop Tucker, with Henry Wright 
Duta and two other clergymen,^con- 
ducted services, first in the cathedral 
and then at the tomb. A week later 
still, on August 11, the bishop in the 
solemn rite of confirmation laid his 
hands on the heads of young King 
Daudi (Mwanga's son) and of several 
chiefs' sons from Busoga, Bunyoro, 
Toro, and Ankole, countries surround- 
ing IJganda on the east and north and 
west. At the same time we learned 
that Kabarega, the once noted slave- 
raiding king of Bunyoro, who was ex- 
iled to the Seychelles about the same 
time as Mwanga, was confirmed by 
Bishop Gregory on May 29. Surely 
these are things to give thanks for 
with joyful and grateful hearts ! " 

A sorrowful disaster came only a 
little later, while Bishop Tucker was on 
his journey to England, when the huge 
cathedral on Namirembe Hill at Mengo 
was struck by lightning and consumed 
in fiames. Built only eight years ago, 
it was the first brick building of the 
country. Some conception of its size 
may be got from the fact that its 
thatched roof was made from 500 tons 
of grass. The distress of the Baganda 
over this destruction of their chief 
sanctuary, whose building had been 
an enormous undertaking for them, 
was genuine and deep. However, it 
was at once determined that the cathe- 
dral must be rebuilt, and it is pro- 
posed to make it better and more fire- 
proof than before, with a tile roof 
riither than a thatch, and with an es- 
timated outlay of £10,000. A public 
appeal for help is issued to the English 
people, as it will be impossible for the 
native Christians to provide all the nec- 
essary funds. It is said that there are 
already 2,076 laborers supported by 
them and over 100 seminaries and 
schools with 37,000 pupils, and that 
they have built over 1,000 churches 
and are still adding to the number. 


Family Woraliip in Japan 

The Kirisutokyo Sekai publishes a 
letter on Family Worship written by 
a Japanese lady whose husband is a 
Christian. She says that the family 
worship in her house lasts less than 
fifteen minutes. The whole family as- 
sembles at 6.45 A.M. around a table 
that will seat about ten people. Each 
person reads his verse of Scripture in 
turn, the little children and the serv- 
ants often making rather amusing mis- 
takes. Each member of the household 
has his or her morning for choosing a 
hynm. After the Scripture reading is 
over, the master of the house explains 
the meaning of certain verses and 
chooses a text to be taken as a motto 
for the day and makes a few simple re- 
marks thereon. Each member of the 
household takes it in turn to pray 
morning after morning. The children's 
prayers are very, very short, but im- 
pressive in many ways, and the way 
the servants repeat the same prayer 
day after day is rather funny. What- 
ever happens in the house, family 
prayers are not given up. Every mem- 
ber of the household is prompt in 
getting ready for the morning meeting 
at the breakfast table to worship God. 
"As you know," says the lady, "my 
good man is a bit of a sleepy head, and 
often the children go into his bedroom 
and remind him that the time for wor- 
ship is at hand. Our family worship 
has made us all punctual and has made 
us early risers, as after breakfast the 
children have to go off to school. When 
the head of the house is away I conduct 
the expository part of the ceremony, 
giving simple explanations of texts of 
Scripture. Mothers of families should 
follow this practice." 

From the Japan Weekly Mail of October 
29, 1910. 

The Name Not Enough 

We knocked at a street door where 
lived an old Armenian, but though 

voices were heard from within no one 
came to open. We pushed open the 
gate. We found the man attacking his 
young daughter-in-law with a long, 
pointed rod. Our entrance probably 
saved her, if not from death, from 
serious injury. When he saw us he 
desisted and was very polite, though 
much under the influence of liquor. 
He said he had not drunk for five 
months and was very angry because 
the woman objected to his drinking 
now. He did not tell us the reason, 
but we knew it was in order to cele- 
brate the resurrection of Christ, to 
keep Easter properly, and show he 
was not a Moslem but a Christian in 
good and regular standing in the Ar- 
menian Church. He told me how he 
had helped a brother put their sister 
to death shortly before, but was not 
penitent, rather justifying the murder 
as vindicating the family honor. The 
worst part was, I have become so ac- 
customed to all sorts of dreadful mur- 
ders and other crimes, I was not at all 
shocked or horrified. It came as quite 
a matter of course, only I could not 
help thinking this is one of the Chris- 
tians who fill up those optimistic tables 
of statistics which inform us the world 
is already one-third pledged to Jesus. 
From account of a tour by Miss Holli- 
day, a Presbyterian missionary in 
Persia, as given in All the World for 
October, 1910. 

A Transformed Village in India 

The characteristics and working of a 
mass movement may be best illustrated 
by a description of what took place in 
a Telugu village. The inhabitants, com- 
posed almost entirely of the depressed 
classes and outcastes, had become 
greatly dissatisfied with their state of 
degradation and with the general ad- 
verse conditions of their life. They 
had observed the social, economic, and 
intellectual changes and improvements 
in neighboring Chris^m ^(gcj^mmunities [^ 


The Portfolio 


where the people were formerly as 
degraded and depressed as themselves. 
They sent a deputation to the mission- 
aries at a mission station some distance 
away and urged them to send a Chris- 
tian teacher to the village, and indi- 
cated their willingness to place them- 
selves under Christian instruction. 

Later a catechist was sent, and he 
remained in their midst for nearly a 
year. During that time he held serv- 
ices almost every day, and on many 
days both in the early morning and in 
the evening. He devoted himself to 
teaching them the facts about the life 
of Jesus Christ and to expounding 
simply and clearly the fundamental 
Christian doctrines, observations, and 
customs. Under his positive instruc- 
tion about Christianity they discovered 
for themselves the low character of 
much of their religion, especially its 
debased idol worship, its devil dances, 
and other corrupt practices. The cate- 
chist called upon them to turn from 
their idols and to' give up habits of 
drinking and immorality. In due time 
they tore down their temple and built 
a simple place for Christian worship. 
Such a radical step represented noth- 
ing less than a great revolution in their 
ideas and attitude. The giving up, on 
the part of many of them, of Sunday 
labor is also an impressive proof of the 
marked change, because most of the 
members of the community were very 
poor and dependent upon hard and 
constant work to provide for their 
needs. None were baptized until after 
several months of instruction and until 
after they had given satisfying evi- 
dence of a change of life as shown in 
repentance in giving up sinful and 
questionable habits and associations 
and in trust in Jesus as Saviour. 

When the catechist first came to this 
village, some ninety members of the 
community gathered around him under 
a tree at his first service. When he 
had revisited the place there were 190 

baptized Christians, eighty of whom 
were conununicant members of the 
church. He had found eighty persons 
who could read the Bible, whereas at 
the time of the first visit none of them 
could do so. He bore testimony that 
the very expression of their counte- 
nances had been changed. Twelve con- 
firmed drunkards had broken their evil 
habits and had paid debts which had 
hung over their families for over two 
generations. The whole community 
had been appreciably raised in its social 
and economic status. 

The change in disposition and char- 
acter of many of the people had been 
so marked as to impress deeply the 
Brahman landlords, who at first opposed 
the coming of the catechist, and on one 
occasion had driven him out, but now 
begged him to visit other villages to 
carry on a similar work. They testi- 
fied that the practice of stealing had 
been done away and that the whole 
moral tone of the villi^ge had been 
changed. Some men who had been 
given to drink and had been in prison 
were found working for the temper- 
ance cause and seeking to convert their 
fellows. The Christians were giving 
liberally for the support and spread of 
the gospel, some exhibiting great sac- 

As a result of this genuine work of 
God in one village a similar spirit of 
dissatisfaction with their present con- 
dition and of desire for new and better 
things had spread to neighboring vil- 
lages. Men had not been greatly im- 
pressed by what Christianity might do 
for individuals, but the object lesson 
of a village community transformed by 
Christian teaching and the work of the 
Holy Spirit had served as a convincing 
evidence of the vitality and power of 
Christianity, and had led them to seek 
to bring its transforming influence to 
bear upon their corporate life. 

From John R. MoWa "The Decisive 
Hour of Missiona," 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 


Beho€9 firam Edinbwrgh, 2910. An Account and In- 
terpretatSob of the World Mlaskmary Conference. 
By W. H. T. Geirdner. New York: Fleming H. 
BeveUCoL Pp.281. Price. $L00 net 

It would have been an impossible task 
to undertake to tell the story of the 
Edinburgh Conference in a single vol- 
ume of less than 300 pages. It is quite 
another task to produce * ' Echoes ' ' from 
the conference within that narrow 
limit. This volume is the official epit- 
omized conference report, giving a brief 
sketch of the preparations, with graphic 
deficriptions of Edinburgh, the opening 
evening, the presentation of the eight 
commissions, with generous space ac- 
corded the report of each and the dis- 
cussions that followed. 

To one who does not care for the full 
nine volume report or who cannot af- 
ford it, this single volume is the next 
best thing available. No one can justly 
expect that the depth, power, spirit, 
and inspiration of such a significant 
gathering can be adequately revealed 
in a book of " Echoes,'' which is all 
that is claimed for the volume under 


J. L. B. 

7%sD9c%9W€HaurQfChH»tkmiiia9iona, BjJohnR. 
Mott New York: Student Volunteer Morement 
for Foreiflrn Mieekms. With map. 12mou Pp. 261. 
Prices $1.00 net 

Into this book of handy size Dr. Mott 
has compressed an immense amount of 
information; yet so flowing and read- 
able is the style that one hardly realizes 
the condensation. 

A master in the missionary enterprise 
has here brought together results of 
long and repeated reading, of many jour- 
neys over mission fields, of careful and 
repeated observations of mission work, 
of large acquaintance with experienced 
missionaries and native laborers, and of 
the ripened judgment of a missionary 
statesman who regards the task before 
him both as a man of the world and as 
a man of God. 

The motive of the book is linked with 
the recent Eidinburgh Conference, which 
the author feels must have impressed 
all those in attendance with the fact 
that the present is the decisive hour of 
Christian missions ; that " in the history 
of Christianity there never has been 

such remarkable conjunction of op- 
portunities and crises on all the prin- 
cipal mission fields and of favoring cir- 
cumstances and possibilities on the 
home field." 

The first three of the eight chapters 
of the book are the most fascinating; 
the argument gets searching and sober- 
ing as it proceeds. In Chapter I, " The 
Non-Christian Nations Plastic and 
Changing," is presented in a quick sur- 
vey of the world the salient features of 
the present marvelous awakening among 
the nations. Chapter II, "Critical 
Tendencies and Influences in the Non- 
Christian World," reveals the obstacles 
to the missionary enterprise in the new 
ferment of the times and the dangers 
that make it so urgent. Chapter HI, 
" The Rising Spiritual Tide in the Non- 
Christian World, " declares the challenge 
of a time when old faiths are going and 
a multitude of our brother men are 
questioning what to believe; a time, 
too, when in all these lands Christianity 
under native leadership is reaching out 
to press with new ardor its gospel 

The four chapters of the book which 
follow discuss as many different require- 
ments of the present situation: "An 
Adequate Plan," "An Adequate Home 
Base," "An EflScient Church on the 
Mission Field," and "The Superhuman 
Factor. ' ' The closing chapter, under the 
title, " Possibilities of the Present Situ- 
ation," gathers up what has been set 
forth, combining the several parts into 
one mighty and compelling vision. 

The illustrations, both the score of 
pictures sprinkled between the pages of 
the book, that are in themselves tell- 
ing arguments, and the incidents that 
brighten the argument of each chapter, 
all indorse the thesis which is the begin- 
ning and end of the author's message : 
the present is the momentous and de- 
cisive hour for missions. 

Dr. Mott has made a timely and val- 
uable contribution to missionary litera- 
ture. He has produced a book which 
every minister, not to say every disciple 
of Christ, ought to read. 


by Google 



December 7. From New York, Rev. 
D. S. Herrick, returning to the Madura 

Arrivals in this Country 

December 3. At New York, Rev. and 
Mrs. H. H. Riggs and Mrs. Mary E. Bar- 
nura, of the Eastern Turkey Mission. 

Arrivals Abroad 

October 14. At Van, Miss Laura B. 

October 18. At Beng^uella, Africa, Miss 
J. E. Miller and Miss Mabel Woodside. 

October 21. At Erzroom, Miss Mary D. 

October 23. At Yokohama, Rev. and 
Mrs. W. L. Curtis. 

October 25. At Foochow, Rev. L. J. 

October 28. At Kobe, Miss Abbie M. 


November 6. At Los Gatos, Cal., Mrs. 
Amelia D. Fuller, formerly of the Central 
Turkey Mission. (See pa^^e 4.) 

A welcome addition to the company at 
present in the Board Rooms at Boston is 
Rev. H. E. B. Case, recently our mission- 
ary in Guam, and now rendering temporary 
aid in the Foreign Department in a special 
line of inquiry. 

Of the missionary party of 
four from Harpoot, Eastern 
Turkey, that arrived in New 
York on furlough, Decem- 
ber 3, two had not seen this 
land for twenty-one years, and 
one had never seen it. Mrs. 
Mary E. Bamum and her 
daughter, Mrs. Henry H. 
Riggs (then Miss Emma M. 
Bamum), sailed from Boston 
for their field in 1889. Annie 
Bamum Riggs was bom in 
Harpoot only three years ago, 
in 1907. That little lady, whose 
picture graces this page, has 
the blood of two veteran mis- 
sionaries in her veins, for she 
is the great-granddaughter 
both of Dr. William Goodell 
and Dr. Elias Riggs. The re- 
tum of Mrs. Bamum to this 
country freshens the sense of 
the Board's loss in the death 
of her gifted and devoted hus- 
band, Dr. Herman N. Bamum. 

Rev. Frederick P. Beach, whose depart 
ture to the Foochow MissicMi was chron- 
icled last month, is to be the ''Foreign 
Pastor in China" of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, Los Angeles. At the or- 
daining and commissioning service on the 
evening of November 20, Dr. William Hor- 
ace Day offered the ordaining prayer and 
District Secretary Tenney presented the 
Board's commission. An admonition to 
the candidate and the people by the mod- 
erator and an address by Mr. Beach in- 
tensified the impression of the hour. 

The Orient for November 23 announces 
the arrival of Secretary Patton at Con- 
stantinople two days before. A full pro- 
gram had been arrange to cover his brief 
stay in the capital. According to the plans 
then made he was to sail, December 3, for 
Beimt; from there to go to Aintab and 
Marash ; thence by the quickest route pos- 
sible to India via Port Said. Messrs. Has- 
kell, of Salonica, and Erickson, of Elbasan, 
and Mrs. Kennedy, of Kortcha, had come 
to Constantinople to confer with Secretary 
Patton over the Albanian complications. 

We get glimpses in the news from Tur- 
key of an heroic act on the slopes of Zigana 
Mountain, two days out from Trebizond 
on the Black Sea. There the Misses At- 
kins and Uline, of Erzroom, were held in 
quarantine for five days; but with their 
tent and traveling outfit and Kevork, the 

Digitized by VjOO^ IC 




trusty man of all work from the school, 
they kept hapf^ and ecMnfortable, till at 
midnight preceding the morning when by 
permission they were to start on, the call 
came to Miss Atkins that Kevork was sick 
and wanted her. From her letter to a 
friend we venture to quote one or two sen- 
tences : ''I went to the pest house with 
him — it was real cholera — and with Ham- 
lin's medicine kept him alive two days and 
two nights, but he died at last. If I had 
had anything to do with, or a doctor to help 
at all, I think I could have saved him. But 
nobody would come near us ; even the ' doc- 

tor ' was afraid to come inside the door, 
and the Turk (who knew no Armenian) who 
was supposed to be taking care of him I 
could with difficulty persuade to bring me a 
little water once in a while. And you who 
have been in the interior can imagine what 
kind of a hole the pest house was. I sent 
Miss Uline and Adaline (from Istanos) on 
at once on Monday. They kept me in quar- 
antine for five days, and then I came on to 
Erzroom on horseback." 

It is but one instance of the self-foiget- 
f ul devotion and simple bravery that char- 
acterize the women of the American Board. 



134 84 
14 35 

46 00 


1 00 

5 00 21SI 

Bath, WiDter-st. Cong. ch. 

Brewer, 1st Cong. ch. 

Holden, Cong. oi. 

Lewiston, Pine-st. Cong. ch. 

Oxford, Cong. ch. 

Portland, J. M. G., for Mindanao, 

Searsport, Ist Cong, ch.. Member, 

New HamiMhire 

Alstead, 3d Cong. ch. 5 50 

Bradford Center, Cong. ch. 1 00 

Chester, Cong. ch. 51 58 

Claremont, Cone. ch. 29 25 

Concord, We«t Cong. ch. 16 70 
Conway, 2d Cong, ch., N. Flint Allard, 1 00 

Gorham, Cong. en. 2 00 

Hampstead, Cong. ch. 8 12 

HiU, 1st Cong. ch. 32 00 

Lanedon, Cong. ch. 6 20 

Lrndeboro, Cong. ch. 4 00 

Newcastle, Cong. ch. 3 80 

North Bamstead, Ist Cong. ch. 6 00 

Washington, Cong. ch. 3 70 170 85 


Bellows Falls, 1st Cong. ch. IM 36 

Brookfield, East Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Dr. C. W. Young, 9 23 

clarendon, Cong, ch., toward support 
Rev. E. A. Yarrow. 10 00 

East Corinth, Julia J. White, 60 

Fair Haven, Cong. ch. 81 25 

Thetford, Ist Cong, ch., toward support 
Dr. C. W. Young, 21 94 

West Rutland, Cong. ch. 8 40 

WilUamstown, Cong, ch., toward support 

Dr. C. W. Young, 14 20 ^240 88 

Legacw. — Burlington, Samuel S. Tink- 
ham, by H. C. llnkham, Ex'r, 319 04 

568 92 
Maa— ehaaetta 

Amherst, ch. of Christ, Amherst College, 143 25 
Asbbomham, 1st Cong. ch. 20 05 

Aabnmdale. Cong. ch. 322 46 

Bebnont, Plymouth Cong. ch. 60 30 

Boston, Immanuel-Walnut-av. Cong, ch., 
1,871.81; Miss S. A. Craft (West Rox- 
tmry), 20, 1,391 81 

Bramtree, 1st Cong. ch. 871 00 

Brookline, Leyden Cong, ch., W1.85; 

Geo. P. Davb, 15.28, 957 13 

Buckhnd, 1st Cong. ch. 9 00 

Cambridge, S. Sparrow, 5 00 

ChelmsfOTd. Central Cong. ch. 30 26 

Chicopee, 1st Cong. ch. 19 00 

Chicopee Falls, 2d Cong. ch. 35 60 

Concord, Trin. Cong. ch. 106 02 

Dedham, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. C. A. Clark, 232 65 

Fitchburg, Finnish Cong. ch. 16 17 

Florence. Cong. ch. 48 09 

Gilbertville, lYin. Cong. ch. 89 29 

Gill, Cone. ch. 16 00 

Globe Viflaee, Evan. Free ch. 12 89 

Greenfield, 2d Cong, ch., toward support 
. Rev. H. T. Perry and to const. J. 
Kate Oakman, H. M., 126 ; 1st Cong, 
ch., for Pao-ting-fu, 8, 133 00 

Hamilton, Cong. ch. 12 82 

Hingham Center, Evan. Cong. ch. 10 00 

Holbrook, Winthrop Cong. di. 207 80 

Ipswich, 1st Cong. ch. 20 00 

Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 16 00 

Littleton, Ortho. Cong. ch. 13 02 

Lowell, Highland Cong, ch., Miss But- 
trick, for Mindanao, 1 ; Lidwin Bernier, 
for Adana, 5, 6 00 

Marshfield, 1st Cong. ch. 50 00 

Mavnard, Cong. ch. 33 60 

Melrose, Ortho. Cong. ch. 

Melrose Highlands, C<Mig. ch. 
Middleboro, North Cong. ch. 
Middleton, Cong. ch. 
Mill River, Cong. ch. 
Monterey, 1st Cong. ch. 
Mt. Washington, Cong. ch. 
" " " "evni« -^ 

102 96 
272 71 
34 55 
20 05 
w „ 10 00 

Newburyport, Bellevule Cong, ch., in- 
come Savory Fund, 16 56 
Newton, Eliot Cong. ch. 3,200 00 
Newtonville, Central Cong, ch., for 

Shansi, 97 00 

Northampton, Edwards Cong, ch., for 
work in Pang-Chuang, 200.62 ; W., 300 : 
M. C, 15, 515 62 

North Blandford, 2d Cong. ch. 5 00 

North Leominster, Cong. ch. 2 10 

North Wobum, Cong. di. 5 00 

Norton, Trin. Cong. cli. 34 59 

Pittsfield, 1st ch. of Christ, toward sup- 
port Rev. J. H. Pettec, 1,077 20 
Rehoboth, Cong. ch. 10 00 
Salem, Tab. Cong. ch. 243 11 
Shelbume, 1st Cong. ch. 77 34 
Somerset, Cong. ch. 8 27 
SomerviUe, Friend, 20 00 
South Hadley, Cong. ch. 14 15 
South wick, Cong. ch. 2 05 
Springfield, North Cong, ch., 16.65 ; Oli- 
vet Cong, ch., 12.36, 29 01 
Sunderland, Cong, ch., for Pao-ting-fu, 1 08 
Taunton, Trin. Cong, ch., 117.40 ; East 

Cong, ch., for Aruppukottai, 2, 119 40 

Tewksbury, 1st Cong. ch. 37 98 

Turners Falls, Cong, ch., for Pao-ting-fu, 

of which Friend, 10, 

Digitized byVjOOSlC 




Waquoit, Cons;, ch. 

Wellesley H\Us^ l«t Con^. ch., toward 


10 00 

21 00 

support Rev. j. C. Perkms, 84.24; do., 

Fnend, for Mindanao, iM), 84 74 

Wellfleet. 1st Cone. ch. 8 90 

Westford, Union Cong. ch. 25 00 

West Medford, Cong. ch. 00 00 

West Newbury, 1st ConjB. ch. 15 00 

WUbraham, 1st Cong. cb. 40 00 

Williamsborg, Helen E. James, 60 00 

Williamstown, 1st Cong. ch. 125 00 

Winchester, 1st Cong, ta., interest legacy 

D. N. Skillings, 200 00 

Worcester, Plymouth Cong. ch. 1,0M 10 

, Grafton Conference, 22 24 

, Friend, 1,000 00-18,602 29 

Ltgacies. — Boston, Mrs. Mary S. Ben- 
nett, by Geo. H. Bradford, Ex'r, 1,000 00 

Haverhill, Emily H. Bullen, by James 
W. Goodwin, Trustee, 1,000 00 

Plymouth, Anusa Holmes, by Margaret 
H. Holmes, Trustee, 3 00 

Watertown, Edward D. Kimball, addM, 10 00—2,018 00 

15,005 29 
IUH»de bland 

Pawtucket, Darlington Cong. ch. 2 10 

Tonnff People's SodstiM 

Mainb. — Hampden, Y. P. S. C. E.,0; Lewis- 
ton, Pine-st. Y. P. S. C. E., 2, 

Nbw Hampshirb. — North Conway, Y. P. S. 
C. E., for Adana, 

Vbrmont. — East Bamet. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
sdiool in India, 

Massachusbtts. — Boston. 2d Y. P. S. C. E. 
(Dorchester), for Central Turkey Mission, 
100; do., Mt. Vernon Miss. Socs., 20; Clin- 
ton, Y. P. S. C. E., toward support Rev. J. 
S. Chandler, 26; Dana. Y.P.S.C. E., 3; 
Hanover Center, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 24 ; Mel- 
rose, Ortho. Y. P. S. C. E., for Mt. SiUnda, 
15; West Springfield, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 10; 

. Nashua River Union Y. P. S. C. E., 

toward support Rev. C. L. Storrs, 96, 221; 
Ltu, Somerville, Highland Y. P. S. C. E.,10, 

SvBdajr School* 

Mainb. — Caratunk, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 

Nbw Hampshirb.— Campton, Cong. Sab. sdi., 
of which Harvest Festival, 7.88, 16; North 
Weare, Cong. Sab. sdi., for Mindanao, 4.20 ; 
Tilton and Northfield, Cong. Sab. sch.. 6JS7, 

Vbrmont. — Brownington, Crag. Sab. sen., for 
Mindanao, 5.80; Ciarlotte, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 25 jMiddletotvn Springs. Cong. 
Sab. sch., 2.96; Woodstock, Cong. Sab. sch., 

Massachi'sbtts. — Amherst, Soath Cong. Sab. 
sch., 8.92; Andover, Andover Sem. Cong. 
Sab. sch., 7.83; Belchertown.Cong. Sab. sch., 
of which 5 from Home Dept., all toward sup- 
port Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 10; Boston, Trinity 
Cong. Sab. sch. (Neponset), 15.25; do., PMf- 
lips Cong. Sab. sch. (South Boston), for Min- 
danao, 15; do.. Old South Cong. Sab. sch., 
13.10; do.. Central 0>ng. Sab. sch. (Dorches- 
ter), for Mindanao^ 7; Brookline, Harvard 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 28; Cam- 
bridge, 1st Cong, ch., Shepard Sab. sch., di 
which 45 for Mindanao, 30 for Ing-hok, and 
26 for Adana, 101 ; Chicopee, 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., 2.44; Haverhill, West Cong. Sab. sch., 
80.26; Holden, Cong. Sab. sch., for Minda- 
nao. 4.36; Leverett, Cong. Sab. sch., 1.80 ; 
Melrose, Ortho. Cong. Sab. sdi., hXH ; New- 
buryport, Belleville (>>ng. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 10; Norton, Trui. Cong. Sab. sch., 
7.51; Pittsfield, South Cong. Sab. sch., of 
whidi 1 for Mindanao. 14.70; do., 2d Cong.- 
Sab. sch., 6.60; South Framingham. Grace 
Cong. Sab. sch., toward support Rev. R. S. 
M. Emrich, 15JM ; South Natick, John Eliot 
Cong. Sab. sch., 2.20; Southwick, 0>ng. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 5 : Swampscott, iM Cong. 
Sab. sch., of which 1 for Mimbnao, 4 ; Welles- 

250 00 


20 77 

64 48 

Igr Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, lOOJO; 
West Medford, Cong. Sab. sch., 5 ; Wo 

ter, Plymouth Cong. Sab. sdi., Mrs. Berry's 
class, for Mindanao, 3.50 ; do., Pilfrim Cone. 
Sab. sch.. Class 66,1, * 

Rhodb Island. — Bristol, 1st Cong. .Sab. sch. 


20 00 

443 31 


Abington, Cong. ch. 20 

Bridgeport, 1st Cong. ch. 170 

Bristol, Cong.cb., 166; Swedish Cong. 

ch., 8.86, ^ 159 

Columbia, Cong. ch. 54 

Ellington, Cong. ch. 94 

Exeter (Leonard Bridge), Cong. ch. 14 

Fairfield, Cone. ch. ifig 

Farmineton, Cong, ch,, Robert and Doro- 
thea Keep, 100 
Greenwich, 2d Cong, di., toward support 

Rev. Lewis Hodous, 200 

Hartford, Park Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. A. B. DeHaan, 150 

Higganum, Cong. ch. 6 

Lyme, Grassy Hill Cong, ch., Mrs. Ellen 

C. Gillette, 10 

Mansfield Center, 1st 0>ng. di. 51 

Meriden, Center Cong. di. 35 

Middletown, 1st Cong. di. 48 

Morris. Cong. ch. 2 

New Hartford. South Cong. ch. 17 

New Haven, Center Cong, di., Members. 
654.06; United Cong, ch., 365; Friend 
of l^le Collgje, 30 ; Friend, 100, 1,090 




New Preston, C^ne. ch. 
Northfield, Cong. ch. 
North Haven, Qrog. ch. 
North Woodbury, Cong. ch. 
PlamvUle, Cong. ch. 
Poquonock, Cong. di. 
Portland, 1st Cong. ch. 
Salisbury, Cong. di. 
Seymour, Cong. ch. 
Sherman. Cong. ch. 
South Britain, Cong. ch. 
South Glastonbury, Cong. ch. 
South Norwalk, 1st Cong. ch. 
Stafford Springs, Cong. ch. 
Thomaston, Cong. ch. 
Watertown. Cong. ch. 
Westport, Saugatuck Cong. ch. 
West Woodstock, Cong. <%. 
Winchester, Cong. ch. 
Ltgmcin. — Norwich, Mrs. 

Julia F. 

New York 

00-8,025 28 

8,027 13 
6,059 41 

Binghamton, 1st Cong. ch. 37 65 

Brooklyn, South Cong. ch.,228JI2: Lewis- 
av. Cone, ch., 189.63; Central Cong, 
ch., 60 ; Puritan Cong, ch., 5.86 ; Sha- 
man Shipman, for Mindanao, JSO, 460 31 
Catakill, Mrs. Charles E. Willard, 5 00 
East Bloomfield, Mrs. Eliza S. Goodwin, 5 22 
Holland Patent, Welsh Cong. ch. 5 00 
Homer, Cong. ch. 4 80 
Marcellus, Josephine Hemenway, 10 00 
New York, American Bible Soc., toward 
support Rev. J. D. Taylor, 1,000; Al- 
fred A. L. Bennett, 10, 1,010 00 
Orient, Cong. ch. 15 00 
Poughkeepsie, 1st Conjg. ch. 10 00 
Smyrna, Cone, ch.. Miss. Soc. 17 00 
Syraouse, Geddes Cone. di. 19 96 
West Groton, Cong. ch. 16 00 
West New Brighton, Immannel Cong, ch., 

for Ing-hok, 26 00 
, A deceased Friend, 1,600 00-^440 U 

Now X 

East Oranee^ Roger and Madeline Buz- 

sell, for 
Elizabeth, 1st Cong, ch, 
Haddonfield, J. D. Lynde, 

Digitized by 

10 60 




Montdair, 1st Cong. ch. 
Mutler, St. Paul's Cong. ch. 
Plainfeeld, Cong. ch. 


McKeesport, Swed. Cong. ch. 
Ridgway, Ida E. Wood, 

1,400 00 
16 00 
880 12—1,840 62 

15 00 
6 00 ^20 00 


Ashland, Cong. ch. 24 77 

Aurora, Cone. ch. 26 00 

Cincinnati, Columbia Cong. ch. 16 00 

ClcTeland, Bethlehem Cong. ch. 26 24 

Columbus, Abram B. Allen, 2 00 

Elyrta. 2d Cong. ch. 21 00 

Garrettsville, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Gomer, Cong^ch., to const., with preyious 

donations, WiLU AM R. Jonbs, H. M. 44 00 
Kent, Cong. ch. 60 00 

Marysville. Cong. ch. 18 00 

North Olmsted, Cong. ch. 47 60 

Oberlin, Rer. H. B. Hall. 25; Mrs. S. F. 

Hinroan,6, 30 00 

Painesville, Friend, 1 20 

Sandusky, 1st Cong. ch. 6 87 

South Newbury, Cong. ch. 8 00 

Springfield, Mr. and Mrs. J. Frank Petti- 
crew, for Pang-Chnang, 7 50 
Sullivan, Cong. ch. 4 00 
Tallmadge, Con^. ch.. to const., with 
previous donations, Mrs. Elvira A. 
Marsh. H. M. 87 00 
Toledo, 1st Cong, ch., 121.60; Central 

Cong, ch., 86, 166 60 
Unionville, Cong. ch. 40 00 
York, Cong. ch. 4 90 619 28 


Woodside, W. H. Warren, 

District of CdamUa 

Washington, Ingram Memorial Cong. ch. 

Sooth Carollu 

Odumbia, Minnie K. Hastings, 


Jacksonville, Union Cong. ch. 

Ymuc People's Sodetiea 

ComracTicuT.— Griswold, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 
6: Lyme, Grassy Hill Y. P. S. C. E., 5; 
Madison, Y. P. S.C. E., for Shohpur. 10; 


Newington, Young Men's Mission Circle, 10, 
York. — Aquebogne, Y. P. S. C. E. and 

Sab. sch., for Adana, 16; Oarkaon, 1st Y. P. 

S. C. E., 5iiO, 
NbwJbrsst. — Orient, Y. P. S. C. E., for 

Ohio. — MarysvUle. Y. P. S. C. E. 
I>istrict OF Columbia.— Washington, 1st Y. 

P. S. C. E., for Pang-Chuang, 

Swidaj Sch— le 

CcmwaCTictiT* — Avon, Cong. Sab. aefa., 8.7f; 
BridgepoTtt Swed, Cmig. Sab. wch,, for Min- 
danao, 5Mx Bristol, Cong, Safa, Bch.. ^; 
Durham. Crmg, Sah. sch. 10 ; Gretnfte]d HUr, 
Cong. B-ih. acTi.t 6,69: Hanovtr, Cong. Sab. 
ech., 3.3S; Lyrae, GraKty Hill Crnig. Sib. 
adi., 1; Middk Kadd4m» Cong, Sab. ich., for 
MtndaitQo, iMi ^ew H^rm, Shelton-Jiv. 
Cong. S^b. sch., lor Mtndbnao, I; Newtown, 
Cong. Bab. ach.p 11.75: North Haven, Cong. 
Sab. sch.. for MicLdnnAO, 30 ; North M*di*ori, 
Cong. Sati. ich^, fi ; Norwich, Broadway 
Cong. Siib. sch.^ SUS ; Wttt Haven, Ut Cong. 
Sab. sch., 30, 

Nbw York. — Brooklyn, Clinton-av. Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 60; do.. South Cong. 
Chapel Sab. sch., for Mindanao. 20; do., 
Pnrttan Cong. Sab. ach., 15JS0; do., ch. of 
Evangel Sab. sch., 15: do., Pisrk Cong. Sab. 
schTTrSS; BnfEalo, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. sch.. 


96 04 

10 00 

860 00 

80 00 

20 50 

15 00 

60 00 
120 50 

168 83 

2.68 ; Flashing, Cong. Sab. sch., for work at 
Sivas, 85.48; Homer, Cong. Sab. sch., 11.58; 
Ithaca, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 80; Newburgh, 
Ist Cong. Sab. sen., 86; New York, Inunan- 
uel Cong. Sab. sch., for Ing-hok, 25; Orient, 
Cong. Sab. sch.. 7.06, 

New Jbrsby. — Nutley, St. PauPs Cong. Sab. 
sch., 20; Westfield, ch. of Christ Sab. sch., of 
which 16 from Marion A. Randolph's class of 
girls, for Mindanao, 82.45, 

Ohio. — Claridon, Cong. Sab. sch., 6;- Cleve- 
land, Ardiwood-av. Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 15; North Monroeville. Cong. Sab. 
sch., 3.20; Oberlin, 2d Cong. Sab. sdi., for 
Mindanao, 8; Toledo, Central Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Adana, 6, 

Maryland. — Frostburg, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Florida. — West Palm Beach, Cong. Sab. sch. 



Berea. ch. of Christ (Union), Rev. and 
Mrs. James Watt Raine, 26 ; Cong. ch. 
and Sab. sch., 1. 26 00 

Evarts, Edward G. Rowland, 10 

236 18 

52 45 

82 20 

508 77 

East Lake, Cong. ch. 

Thorsby, United Protestant ch. 
, Alabama Apportionment Fund, 


Lake Charles, Woodbury Cong. ch. 

Gentry, Cong, ch., for Mindanao, 


15 35 


5 18 12 85 



Kmgfisher, J. B. White gifts, part pro- 
ceeds sale of Florida Unds, 3,247 20 
Weatherford, Zion Ger. Cong. ch. 118 00—3,866 20 


30 00 

Big Woods, Cong. ch. 

Cedar Point, Cong, ch., toward support 
Rev. J. P. Dysart, o w* 

Chicago, Kenwood Evan. Cong, ch., of 
which 260 for work in India, 638.96; 
Union Park Cone, ch.,80 ; Pacific Cong, 
ch., 80; Christ Ger. Cong, ch., Ladies' 
Aid, 10;,5; Jeffer- 
son Park Ger. Cong. ch. , 2.88, 766 84 

Cobden, Union Cong. ch. 5 00 

Earlville, Cong. ch. 4 98 

Elgin, 1st Conir. ch. 150 00 

Evanston, 1st Cong. ch. 300 00 

Granville, Cong, ch., toward support 
Miss Bertha Fox, 

Gridley, Cong. ch. 

Hennepin, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 
J. P. Dysart, 

Highland, Cone. ch. 

Maywood, Souui Cong. ch. 

Millburn, Coog. ch. 

Morris, Cong. ch. 

Oak Park, 1st Cong. ch.. of which 14.60 
toward support Rev. R. Chambers and 
ISM toward support Dr. W. A. Hem- 
ingway, 94 27 

Pana, Faith Mission ch. 5 00 

Peoria, 1st Cong. ch. 8 00 

St. Charles, Cong. ch. 16 00 

Sumner, G. W. Cooper, 1 00-1,511 78 


41 10 
12 14 

4 10 
10 00 
22 54 
29 00 

Addison, Cong. ch. 

Bellaire, 1st (Dong, ch., of which 5 from 

Women's Miss. Soc. and 5 from Rev. L. 

A. Khrkland, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




Benton Harbor, 1st Cong. ch. 66 00 

Chelsea, Ist Cong. ch. 22 26 

Clinton, Cong, ch., of which 6 from Mrs. 

N. P. Watson, 46 00 

Dowagiac, 1st Cong. ch. 6 00 

Hancock. 1st Cone. ch. 12 00 

Jackson, Plymouth Cong, ch., Women's 

Miss. Soc. 6 00 
Port Huron, 1st Cong. ch. 79 X 
Rockwood. Mrs. Frances O. Hall, 5 00 
, A debased friend, 1,000 00—1,263 10 

Beloit, Ist Cons;, ch. 
Cable, Cong. ch. 
Endeavor, Conr. ch. 
Falun, Swed. dong. ch. 
Genesee, Cong. ch. 
Iron River, Cong. ch. 
New London, 1st Cong. ch. 
Randolph, Cong. ch. 

South Milwaukee, Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Mr. Dana I. Grover, 
Wauwatosa, Cong. ch. 
West Salem, Cong. ch. 

Ada, Cong. ch. 

Benson, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 

Cannon FaUw, Swed. Cong. ch. 

Custer, Cone. ch. 

Flensburg, Swed. Cong. ch. 

Garvin, Cons. ch. 

Kasota, SwmI. Cong. ch. 

Lake City, 1st Cong. ch. 

Medford, Cone. ch. 

Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong, ch., toward 

support Rev. A. H. Clark,131.11 ; Tem 

pie (Swed.} Cong, ch., 8.25, 
Pelican Rapids, Cong. ch.. for Mindanao, 2 86 
St. Paul, St. Paul Cong. ch. 
Sherbum, Cong. ch. 
South Haven, Swed. Cong. ch. 
Swansville, Swed. Cone. ch. 
Upsala, Swed. Cong. ch. 
Ltracits. — St. Paul, Anson Blake, by C. 

T. Thompson, Ex'r, add'l, 


44 20 

10 00 


a 75 

13 00 



20 00 

23 19 

100 00 

31 62 260 47 

8 83 


2 10 



4 31 

1 26 

6 16 

3 60 


139 36 

, 286 

10 17 

10 96 

1 26 

1 75 

3 26 201 99 

160 00 

Avoca, Ger. Cone. ch. 
Chester Center, Cong. ch. 
Coming, Cong, ch., F. M. Davis, 
Dubuque, Summit Cong. ch. 
Eddyville, Cone. ch. 
Famhamville, Cone. ch. 

30 00 

60 00 

11 00 

40 00 
Hartwick, Cong. cfT. 7 20 
Manchester, Cong. ch. 62 00 
McGregor, Cong, ch., 26.46; J. H. Ells- 
worth, 26, 60 46 
Oskaloosa, Ist Cone. ch. 28 10 
Sibley, Ist Cone. ch. 17 07 
Sioux City, 1st Cong. ch. 200 57 
Strawberry Point, Ist Cone. ch. 12 75 
Victor, Cong, ch., for Mindanao, 7 00 
Waverly, Ist Cong. ch. 8 06 536 38 


Kansas City, 1st Cong, ch., 600 ; Mary E. 

Watkins, for Madura, 30, 630 00 
St. Louis, Memorial Cong. ch. 17 00 547 00 

North DakoU 

Esmond, Cong. ch. 4 00 

Fredonia, Nazareth Ger. Cong. ch. 35 00 
Gwinner, Swed. Cong. ch. 2 00 

Jamestown, 1st Cong, ch.. Member, 1 00— 

Soatk Dakota 

-42 00 

Alaska, Ger. Cong. ch. 40 00 
Fairfax, Hope Ger. Cone, ch., 10; Beth- 
lehem Ger. Cong, ch., fO, 20 00 
Henry, Cong. ch. 3 G2 
Hosmer, Immanuel Ger. Cong. ch. 20 00 
Ipswich. Cong. ch. 39 00 

Letcher. Ist Cong. ch. 
Lowry, Ger. Cong. ch. 
Milbaak, Cong. di. 
Parkstoo, Ger. Cong. ch. 
Preston. Cong. ch. 
Scotland, Parish Ger. Cong. ch. 
Winfred, Cong. ch. 


Butte. Zion Ger. Coog. ch. 

Center, Cone. ch. 

Exeter, 1st Coag. ch. 

Franklin, Cong. ch. 

Hastings, Immanuel Ger. Cong. ch. 

Hay Springs, Cone. ch. 

Le^. 1st Cong. en. 

Lincoln, 1st Cong. ch. 

McCook, Ger. Cong, ch.. Members, 

Naper, Christ Cone. di. 

SuUon. 1st Cong. ch. 

Waverly, Swed. Cong. ch. 

Alexander, Ger. Cong. ch. 
Centra lia, Cong. ch. 


60 60 

26 00 

100 00 


150 00 

200 i66 22 



29 85 

66 00 

16 00 

27 00 


196 70 

20 00 


88 66 

126 118 00 


16 00 17 00 


12 00 

4 00 17 00 

Bie Timber, Cong. ch.. Member, 
Billings, 1st Cong. ch. 
Red Lodge, Cong. ch. 


Fruita, Ger. Cong. ch. 3 00 
North Windsor, Lutheran ch., Ordway 
Brethren, 10 00 IS 00 

Tounff Pieopl«'s SodatlM 

Louisiana. — Hammond, Y. P. S. C. E. and 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 15 00 

Iluhois. — Downers Grove. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Aruppukottai, 10; Marseilles, do., 6; Sturer, 
Y. L. M. C, for Mt. Silinda, 2.60, 17 50 

Michigan. —Allenville, Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Aruppukottai, 15 ; Detroit, Brewster Y. P. S. 
C. E., toward support Rev. E. P. Holton, 12, 

Wisconsin. — Mukwonago, Y. P. S. C. E. 

lowA. — Cromwell, Y. P. S. C. E. 

Nbbkaska.— Cowles, Union Y. P. S. C. E. 

70 00 
Sanday Schools 

Alabama. — Marion, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. 1 00 

Louisiana. — Roseland, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 3 00 

Indiana. — Porter, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 26 00 

Illinois. — Chicago, Bethesda Cong. Sab. sch., 
13; do.. Covenant do., for Mindanao, 3; do., 
Garfield Park do., for do., 1; Dundee, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch., 20; Gridley, Cong. Sab. sch., 
4.94; Hiehland, Cong. Sab. sch., 7JS0; Ster- 
ling, 1st Cong. Sab. sen., for Mindanao, 81.40 ; 
Waverly, Cone. Sab. sch., 2.24, 88 17 

Michigan.-— Chelsea, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 10 ; Constantine, 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., for do., 7.26 ; Hancock, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for do., 46.30 ; Imlay City, Cone. Sab. sch., 
for do., 7 ; Moline, Cone. Sab. sen., for Arup- 
pukottai, 3.10; Port Huron, 1st Cone. Sab. 
sch., 13.66 ; St. Johns, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 6.42, 92 72 

Wisconsin.— Fond du lac, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 30; La Crosse, oo^ for do., 
40; Milton, Cong. Sab. sch., 4.25; Randolph, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 6; West Sa- 
lem, Cong. Sab. sch., 4.55, 83 80 

Minnesota. — Ada, Cone. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 6.11 ; Marietta, Union Cone. Sab. sch., 
for do., 4.50 ; Northfield. Cone. &ib. sch., for 
do., 12.32: Pelican Rapids, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for do., 6.48, 29 41 

Iowa. — Baxter, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 1.81 ; Cin- 
cinnati, Cone. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 2.16; 
Clarion, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 1.48; Clav, Cong. 
Sab. sch., 4.01; Eldora. do., for Mindanao, 
16.25; McGregor, do., for do. ,2.^; Mitchell, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




Cong. Sab. sch., 2 ; Muscatine, G«r. Cong. 
Sab. sch., 10 : Oikalooaa. Ist Cong. Sab. sch. , 
9J3; Riceville, do., for Mindanao, 80; Sioux 
Gty, do., for do., 6.66; Victor, Cong. Sab. 
sdL, for Mindanao, 5, 

Missouri. — St. Loms, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 

North Dakota. — Banrie, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 

Nbbraska.— Camp Creek, Cone. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 11.25; Highland, Cong. Sab. sch., 
9.13; Naper, Cong. Sab. sch., for work In 
China, 6; Weeping Water, 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., 10.35, 

Kansas. — Alton, Cong. Sab. sch., 4: Stock- 
ton, Union Sab. sch., A class, for Mindanao, 
5; Wakefield, Cong. Sab. sch., 2.82. 

Colorado.— Colorado Springs, 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 1 ; Lafayette, Cong. Sab. 
sch., 8, 


Weis«-, Cong. ch. 


90 18 
25 00 


85 73 

11 82 

404 06 

46 67 

13 60 

75 00 

68 00 

24 60 

3 00 

' 80 00 

179 16 
260 00 

6 00 716 84 

BeaTer Creek, St. Peter's Cong. ch. 10 00 

Cedar Mills. Cong. ch. 10 00 

Corvallis, Pjvmoirth Cong. ch. 75 

Freewater, Cong. ch. 1 60 

Gaston, lily of the Valley Cong. ch. 1 50 

Hniside, Cong. ch. 96 

Ingle Chapel, Cons. ch. 26 29 

Lmhrn, Central Cong. ch. 1 25 

Sheri<fan, Cong. ch. 2 00 

Sherwood, Wm. Schatz, 15 


Bericeley, L. J. and Miss L. G. Barker, 
toward support Rev. F. F. Goodsell, 72 00 

El Monte, ft. M. Webster, 6 00 

Martinez, Cong. ch. 2 00 

San Francisco, Plymouth Cong, ch., 90; 
1st Cong, ch., toward support Dr. H. 
H.Atkinson, 5, 95 00 

Sanger, Salems Ger. Cong. ch. 15 00 190 00 

Toons Ptople** Sodetiea 

Washington. — Natchex, Y. P. S. C. E. 
Caufornia. — Pacific Grove, Young Women's 

Philathea Bible class, for native teacher, Anip- 


Swidaj Schools 

Utah.— Ogden, Ist Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 

Washington . — Christopher, Cong. Sab. sch. , 
for Mindanao, 3 ; Lakeview, do., tor do., .76, 

California. — Campbell, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 5.33; Martinez, Cong. Sab. sch., 6, 

Cathlamet, Cong. ch. 

Coapeville. Ist Cong. ch. 

Moxee Valley, Cong. ch. 

North Yakima, 1st Cong. ch. 

Odessa, Pilgrim Cong, ch., 62; Friedens- 

feld Cong, ch., 6, 
Qoincy, Go-. Coing. ch. 
Richmond, Cons. ch. 
Rxtzville, Zion^ Ger. Cong, ch., 50; 

Salem's Ger. Cong, ch., 80, 
Rosalia, Cany Memorial Cong. ch. 
Seattle, PileHm Cong. ch. 
Spokane, Westminster Cong. ch. 
warden, Ger. Cong. ch. 


10 00 

12 00 
22 00 

12 60 
3 76 
10 33 
26 66 


, Nathre Christians, 

1,320 13 

Glenbrook Mlarionary Society Fnad 

CoNNKCTictiT. — Glenbrook, Union Memorial 
ch., for two native workers in India, 15 00 

Joiat Compoign Fwid 

From Joint Campaign Fund, by Dr. Lu- 
cien C. Warner, Treasurer, 3,294 00 


From Woman's Board of Missions 

Miss Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 


For salaries Western Turkey mission- 
aries. 1,373 61 
For salaries Japan missionaries, 650 00 
For house for schoohnaster. Uduppiddi, 600 00 

For new building for girls' school, Tien- 

800 00-3,323 51 

FrcHn Woman's Board of Missions of thb Intbrior 

Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 


For girls' school building, Fenchow, 

1,260 00 

From Woman's Board of Missions for thb Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 

Trttumrtr 1,143 36 

6,716 87 

Additioud DonotloM for Special ObjMta 

Maine. — Auburn, High-st. Cong. Sab. sch., 
for pupil, care Mrs. R. Winsor, 16 ; Warren, 
Cong. ch.. for native helper, care Rev. R. A. 
Hume, of which 8iS0 from sundry friends, 
10 J»; do., Y. P. S. C. E., for do., .60, 26 00 

New Hampshire. — Campton, Cong. Sab. sch. 
Harvest Festival, for use of Miss E. M. 
Blakely, 25 ; Mt. Vernon, Tk* Hearthstont, 
for native worker, care Rev. E. Fan-bank, 50, 75 00 

Vermont. — Sherburne. Jun. Y. P. S. C. E., 
for pupil, care Rev. Wm. Hazen, 3 00 

Massachusetts.— Aubumdale, Con^. Sab. 
sch.. Prim. Dept., for work, care Miss Ger- 
trude E. Chandler, 5; Boston, Mt. Vernon 
Chinese Sab. sch., for work, care Rev. 
C. R. Hager, 60; do., Park-st. Sen. Y. P. S. 
C. E., for native helpo-, care do., 50; do.. 
Central Cong. Sab. sch. (Jamaica Plain), for 
native helper, care Rev. A. H. Clark, 60; do.. 
Old South Cong. Sab. sch., Mrs. Capron's 
class, for School for the Blind, care Miss A. L. 
Millard, SO; do., do., for blind babies, care 
do., 16.53; do.. Rev. D. B. Eddy, for Kodai 
School, care Rev. J. S. Chandler, 260 ; Brock- 
ton, Evan W. Thomas, for work, care Rev. 
E. H. Smith, 60; Dalton, Mr. and Mrs.Zenas 
Crane, for completing church buildings in 
Harpoot, care Rev. J. K. Browne, 1,000; En- 
field. Woman's Miss. Soc., for work, care Dr. 
H. N. Kinnear, 16; ErviM, Friend, for na- 
tive teacher, care Rev. B. K. Hunsberger, 40; 
Franklin, Friend, for use of Miss M. L. 
Daniels, 2 ; Maiden, Arthur T. Tufts, for dis- 
pensary building fund, care Dr. C. E. Clark, 
16: Newton Center, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for 
girls* school, care Miss Mary I. Ward, 25 ; 
Morthboro, Cone. Sab. sch., for orphanaee, 
care Rev. J. H.Pettee, 4: Southampton, H. 

B. Lyman, for work, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 
15; South Hadley, Mt. Holyoke College, H. 
S. S. C, for use of Miss C. R. Willard, 10; 
Springfield, Park Cong, ch., Friends, 40, do., 
do., Y. P. S. C. E., 10, both for school, care 
Rev. E. Fairbank, 60; do., Mrs. Robert A. 
Clark, for native helper, care Miss Gertrude 
WyckofF, 15.50; Westfield, Elizabeth K. 
Snow, for pupil, care Miss Frances K. Beraent, 
10; WcMrester, Hope Cone. Sab. sch., of 
which 62 for boys' boarding school, care E. H. 
Smith, and 15 for native helper, care Mrs. E. 

C. Partridge, 77 : , Nashua River Union 

Y. P. S. C. E.,for work, care Mrs. R. Win- 
sor, 30, 

Digitized by 


f - 1-820 03 T 




January, 1911 

Rhode Island. — Arctic, H. M. Clarke, for 

work, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 
CoNNBCTicuT. — East Woodstock, Mr. and 
Mrs. John M. Paine, for boys' boarding 
school, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 10; Hartford, 
Asylum Hill, for work, care Rev. 
L. S. Crawford, &; Higganum, Cong. Sab. 
sdi., for work, care Rev. Wm. Hazen, 10: 
Meriden, Center Cong, ch., Robert Scovii 
Loux Memorial, for native pastor, care Rev. 
L. S. Gates, 8: do., Lizzie B. Pierson and 
friends, for medical student, care Miss F. D. 
Wilder, 111 ; New Haven, United Cong. Sab. 
ach., for work, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 185 ; 
do., Sarah J. Tibbals, for boys' boarding 
school, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 5: Newington. 
Young Men's Mission Circle, of which 36.30 
for use of Mrs. C. D. Ussher, 15 for Little 
Boys' Home, care Rev. J. E. Abbott, and 5 
for use of Rev. E. E. Aiken, 66.30 : do., Y. P. 
S. C. E.. for use of Mrs. C. D. Ussher, 10: 
Talcottville, Ruth M. Talcott. 80, and Mr. and 
Mrs. John G. Talcott, 10. all for work, care 
Rev. E. H. Smith, 60; Thomaston, Metho- 
dist Episcopal Y. P. S. C. E., for boys' 
iKording scnool, care Rev. Wm. Hazen, 5 ; 
Wauregan, Cong, ch., Members, for native 
workers, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 60; West 
Haven, 1st Cong. Sab. sdi., for houseboat, 
care Rev. G. H. Hubbard. 26, 

Nbw York. — Brooklyn, Chas. A. Clark, for 
Bible-woman, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 6 ; do., 
Ada Davis, for Ceylon schools, care Mrs. G. 
G. Brown, 2.60; Fishkill-on-Hudson, Minnie 
T. Kittredge, for widow, care Mrs. C. T. Sib- 
ley, 30; Malone, WcHnan's Miss. Soc., of 
which 100 for hospital^ care Dr. F. D. Shep 
ard, and 100 from Luaa I. Gilbert, for bed In 
wcnnan's ward in hospital, care do. ,200 ; New 
York, John Glover, for use of G. S. Eddy, 6 ; 
do., Friends, through Mrs. J. P. McNaugh- 
ton, for work, care Rev. J. P. NcNaughton, 
46; Pawling, Mrs. J. K. Brandi, for pupil, 
care Rev. J. S. Porter, 100 ; Rensselaer Falls, 
L. Emma Johnson, for school, care Rev. E. 
Fairbank, 2; Saratoga Springs, Rev. and 
Mrs. J. H. Gaylord, for student, care Rev. 
M. D. Dunning, 26, 

Pennsylvania. — .^rdmore, Ethel S. Ludin^- 
ton, for Building Fund, care Dr. T. D. Chris- 
tie, 10 ; Harrisburg, Daniel S. Lowe, for bovs' 
boarding school, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 10; 
Philadelphia. T. C. Hunter, for work, care 
MissA.M. Bewer,200, 

Ohio. — Cleveland. Hough-av., for 
boys* Rev. E. H. Smith. 
16; Oberlin, The Oberlin Shansi Memorial 
Asso., for native helper, care Rev. A. W. 
Staub. 88.33; York, Mr. and Mrs. M. E. 
Brancn, for native preacher, care Rev. E. H. 
Smith, 36, 

Gborgia. — AtlanU, Lillian S. Cathcart, for 
native helper, care Rev. H. S. Gait, 

Kentucky. — Fairview, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
orphanage, care Rev. G. P. Knapp, 

Alabama.— Talladega, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
pupils, care Miss S. K. Howland, 

Texas. — Dallas, Central, Ladies' 
Miss. Soc., for Bible-woman, care Rev. C. R. 

.INOIS. , -«ii- — •' , - M^- 

fil. care Mrs. G. G. Brown, 10 ; Chicago, 

2 00 

Illinois. — Chenoa, Virginia Jackson, for pu- 

■". care Mrs. G. G. Brown, 10; Chicago, 

iem Cong, ch., Ladies' Aid Soc., for pupil, 

e Mrs. R. Winsor. 3.75; do., Grace Consr. 

b. sch., for native helper, care Rev. H. M. 



Sab . , 

Bissell, 18.76; Evanston, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 
for work, care do., 26.99; do., Mrs. E. J. 
Buffington, of which 15 far pupil, care Miss E. 
Fowler, 16 for girl, care Rev. H. G. Bissell, 
and 15 for boy, care do., 46; Joy Prairie, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for pupil, care Rev. E. Fair- 
bank. 20 ; Oak Park, 1st Cong, ch., Woman's 
Foreign Miss. Soc, for Bible-reader, care 
Rev. R. Chambers, 60; Sumner, G. W. 
Cooper, for work, care Rev. W. C. Cooper, 40 ; 

, Friend, for work in Japan, 1, 

Michigan. — Constantine, Ist Cong. Sab. sch., 
toward Constantine Memorial Cot, care Rev. 
P. L. Corbin, 16; Detroit, 1st Cong, ch., for 
work, care Rev. J. H. Dickson, 35.14 ; do., 
W. D. Van Schaack, for girls* school, care 

660 80 

416 60 

220 00 

138 33 
70 00 
10 00 

10 00 

225 49 

Miss A. S. Brown, 25 ; South Haven, Y. P. 
S. C. E., for cot in hospital, care Rev. P. L. 
Corbin, 16, 90 14 

Wisconsin. — Endeavor, Cong. Sab. sch., of 
which 6.66 for use of Mrs. S. Dewey and 6.80 
for use of Rev. and Mrs. M. Ennis, 12 36 

Minnesota.- Elk River, Union Cong, ch., 
for use of Miss E. M. Atkins, 6; Maple Plain, 
Mrs. E. J. Cranston, for pupil, care do., 10; 
St. Cloud, Blanche Atkins, for do, 10, 25 00 

lowA. — Newton, Ella A. Flaggy in memorv of 
Mary A. Flagg, for church^m India, lOO; 
Ottumwa, Ist Cong. ch.. Abigail Soc., for 
work, care Rev. E. W. Ellis, 30, 130 00 

North Dakota. — Thompson, J. C. French, 
for hospital, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 6 00 

South Dakota.— Tyndall, Wolf's Creek Ger. 
Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. C. R. Haser, 
30; do., Worms Ger. Cong, ch., for do., 
16; do., Ger. Cong, ch., for do., 26, 70 00 

Nebraska. — Inland, Ger. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
work, care Miss J. L. Graff, 6; Lincoln, 
Vine Cong, ch., for hospital, care Dr. F. F. 
Tucker, 12.60, 18 60 

Kansas.- Council Grove, Rev. and Mrs. Geo. 
A. Chatfield, for work, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 
9 ; Muscotah, Rev. and Mrs. Aaron Breck, for 
pupil, care Rev. H. A. Maynard, 30 ; Topeka, 
1st Y. P. S. C. E., for native teacher, care 
Rev.W. P. Elwood,30, 69 00 

Montana. — Butte, Mrs. J. A. Riddell, for 
native workers, care Mrs. M. M. Webster, 10 00 

Colorado. — Colorado Springs, E. D. Barker, 
for boys* boarding school, care Rev. E. H. 
Smith, 1 00 

Washington. — Christopher, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Little Boys' Home, Bombay, 10 ; Seattle, 
A. H. Marsh, for pupil, care Dr. C. W. 
Young, 10, 20 00 

Oregon. — Forest Grove. Mrs. M. L. Rose- 
wame and Mrs. Millard Semones, for use of 
Mrs. M. L. Ennis, 10: Sherwood, Rev. J. 
Cowman, for pupil, care Rev. G. P. Knapp, 26, 86 00 

California.— Clarcmont, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Bible-woman, care Rev. H. G. Bissell, 27 ; 
Los Angeles, Mrs. Ardella K. Mead, for 
pupil, care Rev. T. W. Woodside, 2Jip; 
Monter -- - " 

Annie 1 
San J 

W. O. Pye, 100 ; UpUnd, Mrs. C. E. Har- 
wood, for use of Mrs. H. G. Clark, 60, and 
for Okavama Orphanage, care Rev. J. H. 
Pettee, 26, 75; do., Nina E. Rice, for pupil, 
care Rev. E. C. Partridge, 26, 240 19 

Hawaii. — Honolulu, Mrs. Lydia B. Coan, for 
the Annie Tracy Riggs Hospital, care Dr. H. 
H.Atkinson. 80 00 

Mbxico. — Mexico, Friend of Africa, for work, 
care A. J. Omer, 60 29 


From Woman's Board op Missions for thb Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 
For work, care Miss M. L.GrafEam, 30 00 

For work , care Rev. C. R . Hager, 10 00 

For pupil, care Miss S. R. Howland, 10 00 

For orphan, care Miss E. S. Webb, 7 60 57 60 

4,488 13 

49,794 94 
6,509 17 

56,804 11 

Total from September 1. 1910, to November 80. 1910. 
DonaUonB, $168,861.17; LesadeB, $17,440.08 = 

Jaffna General Medical Miosion 

Massachusetts. — Amesbury, Main-st. Cong. 
Sab. sch. 25 00 

Rnth Tracy Strong Fnnd 

For Expense 
North Dakota. — HurdsfieldC G. Su ^^V^fK^ 10 00 

Digitized by VjiJ 

Donations received in November, 
Legacies received in November, 

Ssiahtishad IB45 Incorporated f 900 

W. & L. E. GURLEY - TROY, N.Y., U.S.A. 

^tanufadurcrs of 

Civil Engineering, Mining, Su'-veying, and Physical Instruments 

Standard Weights and Measures 

Accurate TKennometers 

Mcchanica], Optical and Electrical Apparatus 
for Schools, Colleges, Technical Laboratories 

Scientific Instruments of Spedal D^ga .*# 

Catalogues and defaiM information on request 

Pleaae mention MiKionary itcrald wh«n ynu wtUb to advertiser! 


ESTABLISHED 45 YEARS ^^t^t tt j^f^'TCi ^^^' HAYMARKET 601 

Book, Magazine p and Job IlliS^i^^^S^ ^^^ work ia executed «at^ 

Frin ting in ali ita branches if^l^ll iafactorily and delivered 

Difficult work a specialty l^^-^j-"^ when promised 



TROY, N. Y., and 

manufaciufe » 


Digitized by VjQ Og le 
FleaBiC mentinn Miuionarx Hrra'd wheji fou write to advertisers 


now in use and for sale by churches ne;ir Boston where 

New Estey Pipe Organs 

Will soon be installed- Prices asked are from $ioo to $300. 
Name of correspondents, description of organs and estimated 
cost of moving will be mailed to the pastor of any church who 
will send us a memorandum of the approximate measurements 
(length, depth and height) of space available for organ, and 
seating capacity of church. 


Sales Department for New England States 


With transpotinv Iccybo&rd 


Two full sett of reedi mnd coyplen 
Five octave*. Six ttopi 

T^HIS organ is voiced for power, 
and contains one five octave 
set of i6-fL reeds and one five 
octave set of 8 -ft. reeds. An 
Estey organ at a price that no 
Sunday School or Missionar)- 
need count the cost* 

The possibilities of the trans- 
posing keyboard feature of this 
organ are practically unlimited^ it 
is most valuable for school work 
where the music may be written 
too high for children's voices, 

Cataloffuea and price* m«il«d 
on applicAtioa 


120 Boylston Street Boston, Mass. 












By Secretary C, H. PATTON, D.D. 

Boston FEBRUARY 1911 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign M 

Entgr«d ai the f^t^ffice at Bnnicut, Moot., at Biefrnd-ekum 


Editorial Notes. Illustrated , 47 

The Day's Round -In a Mission College. By Pres. Alexander MacLachlan, 

Illustrated 53 

A Master Builder of Shansl By Rev, Watts 0. Pye, Illostrated ... 56 

Proved by F'ire. By George Sherwood Eddy. Illustrated 58 

Mother Sorabji 59 

A Great Day in A dan a. By Secretary Cornelius H. Patton, d.d. Illustrated . 60 

Where Missionary and Moslem Agree. By Rev. Charles K. Tracy ... 62 

Liberty of Worship in Spain. By Rev. William H. Gulick 63 



By-Prodocts of Foreign Missions. By Secretary James L. Barton 

Field Notes. Illustrated 71 

Letters from the Missions. Illustrated . , 77 

Shan si— Eastern Turkey — Fooc how — Ma rath i — Central Turkey 

The Wide Field. Illustrated 83 


The Portfolio , . . 86 

The Bookshelf 87 

The Chronicle. Illustrated 89 

Donations 90 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Congregational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston, Mass. 




Edward D. Eaton, d.d. 

CorreBpondittg Secretaruu 

Jam£S L. Barton, n.n. 

GORKELTtrB H. Pattok, D.n. 


Fbakk H. Wfcom, Eaq. 

Edit&rial Secretaries 

Eu<athan E, Strong, d.d., Ein^ritut 

Rbv. WiLUAM E, Strong 

Anociate Secrntariea 
Rev, Enoch F. Bell. 
Rev. D. Bbewter Eddy 

Publiahinff and Piirchcmna Ae€nt 
John G. Hobmer 

District Seeretariea 

Middle Dwtrict: Rev. Willaro U Bbard 

4th Avenue and 22*1 Street, New York 

Interior Diatrict: A. N. HrrcutJOCK. fb-D* 
153 LjuiaJle Street. CTjicago 

P»cific Gout District : Rev. H. Melville Tennby 
Mechanic* Bank Buildinjj, San Franciflco. Col. 


Ten President and Vice-President, ftz nMeiU 
Term Expires VJtt 
Hon. Arthitr H. Wellman 
Rev, Aubkrt P. Fitch 
Henry H. Proctor 
Rev. Lucius H. Thayer 

T«m\ Expiree I91M 
Francib O. Winslow 
Rev. Arthur L, Gillett 
Charles A. Hofrins 
Abthur Perry 

Tisrm Expires 191S 
Herbert A. Wilder 
Rev. Edwaro M, No yes 
Rev. Edward C. Moore 
Rev. George A. Hall 

Legacies. — In writing bequests th« entire irorpo- 
rate mune of the Board bHouIcJ be used, aa follows : 
"American Board of CommiHsluners fur Foreign 
Mi&^iona, incorporated in Maesaciiuselts in liiil2,** 

Publications.— The Miamnnary HtrtUd, iliuatTated, 
monthly ; 75 cents o. year, or W cents in club^ of ten 
or tnore; foreijrn subdcripticms, 3<^ cents af^dii tonal 
for postaere. Tho Misirion Dfi^spring, an iHuBtrated 
monthly for children : 20 cenU a year. flfiO for ten 
copiea* S3 for twenty-five copies. Amerirun Board 
Almanac: Price, 10 cents, J<> per hundred, hy mail or 
express. Sketches of Missions. ItftHj^s. includiij^Wail 
pSbltktSJi^^^Sddl^ ^^d*Py le?fC>@gl^ For 

Akerican Board, Pt^RTJBnrNa DEPARTMEifT. 
Room loe, 14 Beacon Street, Boeton. 

JAN 81 1911 

The Missionary Herald 

Volume CVII 


Number 2 

A Welcome New Year's Letter to the "Missionary Herald" 

^^-^4^ /iuy/uu ^L^^iW^, 

Digitized by 



Editorial Notes 


The political situation in Turkey 
continues tense. When the new par- 
The Poiiticfti liament opened the grand 
sitnaUon in vizier's Statement of the 
Tiirk«y government policy was at- 

tacked, Dr. Riza Tewfik leading the 
opposition. Opinions differ as to the 
strength of the opposition, but the im- 
pression prevails that, notwithstanding 
a vote of confidence was secured, the 
present ministry will be changed, the 
attack on the government thus being 
virtually successful. There are indica- 
tions also of changes in Macedonia that 
may lead to serious trouble, possibly to 
the severing of that province from the 
empire. So strong is the feeling en- 
gendered under the present regime, 
that old enmities are forgotten in the 
desire to unite against oppressions 
charged to be worse than those suf- 
fered during the days of Abdul Hamid. 
There are also signs that the govern- 
ment is alarmed at the widespread 

The rebellion in Mexico drags wear? 
ily to its end ; the government forces 

have routed many of the 
taM^'"*""' insurgent bands ; one by 

one their leaders are cap- 
tured or put to flight. like many other 
such uprisings, it was composed of 
diverse elements, of politick adven- 
turers, freebooters, and lovers of law- 
lessness, together with many honest- 
hearted reformers striving for a larger 
political liberty. Notwithstanding the 
losses occasioned by the riots, the in- 
tensifying of enmities, and the injury 
to the government's prestige, the out- 
break is bound to have some whole- 
some results. The agitation of the time 
may be regarded as one form of the 
campaign of education. Things will 
never be as they have been, and it may 
be hoped that the stable progress of 
the young republic will be promoted by 
this uprising. 

At present missionary work at least 
in the northern part of Mexico is harder 
than before. The situation is difficult 
for the missionary who seeks to take a 
position both fair and prudent between 

the opposing forces of the time. In a 
town near Parral, in which there is a 
comparatively large church, all but the 
officeholders are now against the gov- 
ernment, several of the church mem- 
bers having joined the revoUosos. * How 
matters will work out for missions it 
is too early to say ; in the end, doubt- 
less, they will be overruled for good. 
The fact that our preachers and church 
members sympathized so fully with the 
aspirations of the people for a larger 
political liberty may later on tend to 
turn the hearts of many toward the 
truths for which they have stood re- 
ligiously. But in the meantime there 
will be much suffering and serious 
setbacks. CJontributions in Parral have 
almost ceased ; in Chihuahua money is 
very scarce and offerings are dimin- 
ished. The missionary in Mexico now 
has a doubly important work to do, and 
some additional funds are sorely needed 
for the emergency. Yet as in the days 
of the Adana massacre, it is feared the 
Board will be unable to make any con- 
siderable addition to its grants, as the 
probable receipts of the year are already 

There are grateful signs of renewed 
zeal among the evangelical Christians 
in several parts of 
Sr'x^^^SS™- Turkey Miss Daniels' 
report from Harpoot 
in the Field Notes points in this direc- 
tion, as do Dr. and Mrs. Raynolds' re- 
ports from Van, contained in the Let- 
ters from the Missions. In accord with 
these signs of the times. Dr. Bamum, 
of Constantinople, calls attention to a 
leaflet sent out by the Home Mission- 
ary Committee of the Bithynia Union, 
an organization similar to one of 
our state or district associations of 
churches. It speaks of the Protestant 
churches of that land as undoubtedly 
called of God to render a service whi(A 
formed part of his plan, and says that 
during all the sixty or seventy years of 
their existence the imperative need of 
that service has never been so apparent 
as now. To hesitate in the discharge 
of this duty will be ,to assume heavy 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Editorial Notes 


responsibility. The leaflet further 
sets before the churches the condition 
of many of the weaker communities, 
isolated, without preachers. It ex- 
presses fear for what may result in 
the rising generation from this con- 
dition and from the spread of infidelity 
in the land. It calls for help from the 
churches to enable some of the pastors 
to visit those pastorless flocks, and ex- 
presses the hope that it will be possible 
after a little to employ circulating evan- 
gelists who will give all their time to 
ministering to such little groups of 
evangelical Christians. Sunday, No- 
vember 20, was set apart by the 
churches of the Union as a day of spe- 
cial prayer and conference for this end, 
and also for special contributions, in 
which all were besought to share. 

The Annual Report of the American 
Board for 1910, just issued, is the 
closing feature of the 
2;^*~^ centenary's celebration. 
One-third larger than the 
usual reports, with a general historical 
introduction, short historical sum- 
maries preceding the reviews of the 
year in each mission, abundant illus- 
trations, a full set of colored maps, 
charter and by-laws as amended to 
date, detailed lists of invested funds 
and pecuniary accounts, and the cus- 
tomary tables of statistics, it forms a 
handbook of ready reference for all 
who are interested in the Board or 
have occasion to deal with its affairs. 
Copies of it are being sent to Cor- 
porate Members, to the missionaries, 
and to many pastors of supporting 
churches. The cost of the enlarged 
publication is so increased that it seems 
necessary to put a price upon it for 
general distribution. It will be sent 
postpaid for twenty-five cents. 

Once more the cry of famine is 
heard from China. It is the old story ; 

rivers have overflowed their 
bodL banks, have laid waste fields 

and even villages, and have 
impoverished multitudes of people. 
The provinces of Kiang-su and An-hui 
are affected, and though the region 

desolated is not large compared with 
the whole of China, the flood that swept 
over part of it was the worst in the 
memory of man. The missions of the 
American Board in China are happily 
outside the famine districts, but neither 
they nor we are beyond the call of 
the suffering that cries for relief. An 
Interdenominational Committee of for- 
eign missionaries in Shanghai, co-oper- 
ating with the General Committee and 
with generous Chinese, is seeking to 
raise and distribute funds. Help will 
be needed till May. American contri- 
butions are being sent to the treasurers 
of several mission boards ; one of them 
in New York is Mr. D wight H. Day, 
of the Presbyterian Board, 156 Fifth 

Word has come from Mr. William T. 
E31is at Cairo, December 7, reporting 

Bxpiorw on dad via Oorfa and Diarbe- 
Hi> Tnreis j^jj.^ j^^j expectiug to Spend 
Christmas on the Tigris. He has had 
opportunity to inspect American Board 
missions at several points in Turkey, 


The baildinsB of St PauI'b Institute are in the 

foroffround ; beyond the city «re the 

Taurus Mountains 

and expresses his regret that he has 
not time to write an article about them 
for the Missionary Herald, a regret 
which editor and readers will share. 
Mr. Ellis declares himself as willing to 
be quoted in saying: **The best asset 
that British as well as American diplo- 
macy have at the present time in the 
Turkish empire are the American mis- 
sion schools. You have builded wisier 
than anybody knew out here. Per- 
sonally, rd like to put $25,000 at once j 
into St. Paul's Institute, Tarsu^^OOglC 


Editorial Notes 


We Americans jud^re people's interest 
in an undertaking by what they contrib- 
ute to it ; we try their words 
The Money ^j dcvotiou by their gifts to 
the cause. We say, money 
talks. Judged by that standard the 
native Christians on our mission fields 
are proving themselvessincere believers. 
From every quarter letters of the mis- 
sionaries frequently recount generous 
and sacrificial giving on the part of 
those who seem to us almost wretchedly 
poor, to support Christian institutions, 
which, by this token, they cherish as 
their very lives. Mr. Fairfield, recently 
arriving in Shansi, reports good news 
of this sort brought back by Mr. Corbin 
from a short term of work with a mis- 
sion class in a field out from Taikuhsien. 
When he proposed to them that they 
should contribute to the cost of a new 
chapel building to take the place of the 
present unsatisfactory rented court, 
they raised, in a short time on a stormy 
night, forty-nine tiao, equal to about 
twenty-five dollars in gold. This sum 
is really equivalent to far more than 
that in terms of living in China; as 
wages go there, the seven or eight per- 
sons contributing to this gift gave on 
the average a month's wages apiece; 
two men promised the equivalent of al- 
most one-fourth of their yearly income. 
In the face of such figures how false 
and absurd it is to assert that the peo- 
ples of the East are quite satisfied with 
the religions they have ; or that they 
are not interested in Christianity when 
they hear it ; or that they are not being 
won to its life but only professing it as 
a way of gain. 

The new number of the Envelope 
Series (January, 1911) is devoted to 

*' Morrison and the Awak- 
Sl".l:^- ening of China." It con- 

tains the last of a series 
of four historical sketches by Prof. 
Henry K. Rowe, who treats of the 
characteristics of the land of China 
and of its people, and traces the his- 
tory of religion and at length of Chris- 
tianity in the empire. To this general 
article is added a brief survey of the 

American Board's undertaking in China 
from 1836 to the present time; sug- 
gestions as to the make-up of programs 
for meetings on the subject ; books for 
further reading, etc. Effort is now 
being made to increase largely the 
subscription list of this modest but 
bright little quarterly, whose price, 
ten cents a year, puts it within the 
easy reach of every one who cares to 
have it. It is a bargain all the year 

"The personal note counts,'* writes 
one subscriber in expressing his appre- 
ciation of the article en- 
j7Jj2;^-~ titled, "The Refining of 
Little Treasure," in the 
Jw:ixiary Missionary Herald, That arti- 
cle and the one in this number entitled, 
"A Master Builder of Shansi," are to 
be reprinted in a four-page leaflet for 
wide distribution. We shall be glad to 
furnish copies in such number as de- 
sired to pastors, leaders of missionary 
meetings, mission classes, and to those 
who may wish to circulate the docu- 
ment among their friends. To the re- 
cent sweeping charge of a newspaper 
writer that, after all the years of mis- 
sionary work in China, not a single 
convert has yet been won, the definite 
and authoritative accounts of these two 
Christian Chinese furnish timely reply. 

Readers of the Missionary Herald in 
the vicinity of ** the Hub " hardly need 

to be reminded that "The 
S^^JlT' World in Boston" is a fast 

approaching event. The 
newspapers are continuously announc- 
ing some of its features ; church vesti- 
bules are brightened with its gayly col- 
ored placards and its ringing call for 
stewards. EsLch issue of the Exposition 
Herald presents new phases of this 
truly gigantic undertaking. The Janu- 
ary number exploits the Pageant, the 
spectacular portrayal of the advance of 
Christianity in the world. This dram- 
atization of missionary history is to be 
produced on so large a scale as to in- 
volve the services of a choir of over 
four thousand singers, besides many 
soloists, impersonators, and other help- 


Editorial Notes 



ers. It is to be a special and distinct 
feature of the Exposition occupying the 
Grand Hall and havin^r two perform- 
ances each week day of the Ebcposition 
from April 24 to May 20. Evidently 
"The World in Boston "is to be an 
event quite unprecedented in America, 
and, to New England at least, a center 
of attraction for multitudes of people 
of all classes. Space limits forbid de- 
tailed descriptions here ; plan to come 
and see. 

By the death of Prof. D. Gustav 
Wameck at Halle, December 26, there 
was taken from earth the 
foremost scholar, teacher, 
and writer of Europe, not 
to say of the world, upon the science of 
Christian missions. As professor at 
Halle University he developed and* 
brought to commanding position the 
department of missions; as editor in 
chief of the AUgemeine Missions Zeit^ 
schrift he put forth the scientific mis- 
sionary review; by books, such as his 
" History of Protestant Missions," and 
articles he has magnified the cause of 
missions and has contributed to their 
spiritual energizing. That men of like 
mind are left to carry on his work in 
Germany is due largely under God to 
his training and influence. So he being 
dead shall yet speak. 

The King James Version of the Eng- 
lish Bible was first published in 1611. 
Taking advantage of the 
23SfcWfcto* tercentenary, the Ameri- 
can Bible Society proposes 
that, so far as practicable, during the 
week beginning Sunday, April 23, this 
epoch-making event be celebrated with 
proper public exercises. It is urged 
that all churches, religious societies, 
universities, colleges, and schools, and, 
so far as may be, public ofiicials, the 
judiciary, and the press take this op- 
portunity of magnifying the influence 
of the English Bible upon the ideals 
arid life of the peoples of the earth. 
The American Bible Society will be 
glad to aid pastors, Sunday school 
superintendents, and all interested with 
suggestions of programs and of im- 

Whieh Holds 
tiM Fatan? 

portant books and literature on this 

As this number of the Missionary 
Herald comes from the press there is 
just closing in Lucknow, 
India, the Second General 
Conference on Missions to 
Moslems. With no blare of trumpets to 
advertise their assembling, represent- 
atives of many mission boards from all 
Moslem lands quietly gathered for a 
week's conference over the peculiar con- 
ditions and concerns of their branch of 
missionary work. The American Board 
had representation from Turkey as 
well as India. The results of this con- 
ference also will not be directly observ- 
able, but may appear on many a far 
field- in wiser method and surer touch. 
It is significant of the way in which 
Christianity and Islam face each other 
in the modem world, that this month 
a Pan-Islam conference at Cairo will 
call together representatives from all 
the Mohammedan world of those who 
are seeking to defend and to promote 
the religion of Mohammed. They too 
are organizing and consulting for ad- 
vance ; they too would bring the world 
to the feet of their Master. Which 
conference holds the key to success? 
If we say Lucknow, can we fail to 
share Lucknow's responsibility ? 

A VALUED exchange of the Mission- 
ary Herald is The Chinese Students* 
Monthly, which repre- 
sents the various Chi- 
nese student alliances 
in America and is a bond of union for 
that large and important company of 
young men and women who are now 
in training in this country for responsi- 
ble tasks in the reconstruction of China. 
It is pleasant and significant to find 
that the cover of the December issue 
is marked "Christmas Number," and 
that the magazine throughout main- 
tains a respectful and even cordial atti- 
tude toward Christianity. Its first 
editorial note, "Ye Yuletide," is re- 
printed in full in The Portfolio of this 
number. The opening article in thei 
literary portion of the monthly, undei*^^ 

Stadoito' MoatUy 


Editorial Notes 


the same title. "Ye Yuletide," treats 
of the history and meaning of the 
Christmas celebration, declaring that 
the beauty of Christianity, as of this 
festival, lies in its universality. It is 
adaptable to the customs of all nations, 
preserving that which is good and bene- 
ficial, and weeding out the evil and 
harmful. Among the news items is 
one to the effect that Chinese students 
at Cornell University have organized 
themselves into three groups to study 
the different phases of Christianity. 
Cornell has forty-nine of these stu- 
dents, the largest number in any one 
American university. 

The January number of Missions (the 
Baptist monthly magazine) contains an 

article on "The Newest 
A Brown Peril? Immigration Problem, 

the Hindu Invasion of 
the Pacific Coast." During 1910 5,000 
men of India entered the port of San 
Francisco ; 3,000 are said to be located 
in the Sacramento Valley of Califor- 
nia. Each steamer from the Orient 
brings its quota of these swarthy im- 
migrants seeking work in the lumber 
camps and on the railroads. Opposition 
to their entrance has naturally, devel- 
oped on the coast, while unexpectedly 
a coterie of Califomians, including 
sonae wealthy women interested in the- 
osophy, are championing their cause. 
As there are no women with them and 
they provide for no home life, preserve 
their intense caste spirit, and are con- 
fessedly "cheap labor," their appear- 
ance is not without danger to the peace 
and prosperity of the land where they 
settle. A new problem is thus forced 
upon not only the state craft, but also 
the religious enterprise of the United 

An important event for the higher 
interests of Manchuria was the open- 
ing, late in 1910, of the 
to^SSJSr*"*' new buildings of the 
Union Christian Arts 
College at the capital, Mukden. The 
site was given to the joint mission, 
Irish and Scotch Presbyterians, by the 
ex-viceroy, and the present viceroy, to- 

gether with a large company of officials 
and literati, was present and took part 
in the proceedings of the opening day. 
The main address was delivered by a 
representative of the American Board, 
whom The Missionary Review of the 
United Free Church of Scotland, in re- 
porting the event, describes as a " dis- 
tinguished American missionary, the 
Nestor of Christian education in China, 
the Rev. Dr. Sheffield, of Tungchow." 
In the company of interested listeners 
were representative Christians from 
all parts of the Manchurian Church. 
The fine, three-storied building, con- 
taining classrooms, dormitories, dining: 
hall, and offices, bears witness to the 
loyal spirit of the students, who during 
the summer vacation tramped back and 
forth among the Manchurian churches 
to raise the funds for its furnishing:. 

On the evening of December 29 the 
Historical Society of Newbury, Mass., 

listened to a paper of un- 
Po^t^^i^ ^^*1 interest and value by 

Rev. Horace C. Hovey, d.d., 
on Hon. William Bartlet, merchant 
prince and benefactor. This William 
Bartlet was not only a distinguished 
citizen of old Essex County at the be- 
ginning of the nineteenth century, but 
also a leader in the religious life of the 
region and the country. He was the 
first president of the American Tract 
Society, a director for life in the Amer- 
ican Home Missionary Society, vice- 
president of the American Education 
Society, and one of the founders both 
of Andover Seminary and of the Amer- 
ican Board. 

Indeed, as Dr. Hovey points out, 
when the Board's charter was granted 
in 1812, William Bartlet's name was 
mentioned in its preamble, and he alone 
was authorized to call its first meeting-. 
Moreover, he was the first named mem- 
ber of the Prudential Committee, con- 
sisting at the start of but three mem- 
bers, and the chairman. Dr. Hovey 
thinks, while Dr. Worcester was the 
secretary. Dr. Hovey 's address, printed 
in the Newburyport papers, deserves to 
be put into more permanent form. 

The D.aet^!S 



By Pres. ALEXANDER MacLACHLAN, of International CJollege, Smyrna 

THE almost infinite variety of ex- 
periences in any department of 
missionary service is one of the 
many compensations of the foreign 
missionary. There is little of hum- 
drum routine in the daily round of his 


uncommon tasks ; no two days will be 
found to correspond in matters of de- 
tail. If I attempt to tell the story of a 
typical day's experience in the college 
at Smyrna, it must be understood that 
while all the experiences noted are not 
a necessary part of any single day's 
program, they do not begin to exhaust 
the list of common occurrences in my 
work-a-day life. 

President's house stands opposite the 
main entrance to the college, and al- 

though classes do not begin until 8 a.m. 
and boys from the city are not ad- 
mitted until 7.30, long before this early 
hour the street in front of our door 
is frequently thronged with students 
eager to get half an hour at football 
before the bell rings for classes at five 
minutes to eight. When I cross the 
broad street at eight o'clock, work for 
the day in all departments has already 
commenced. On reaching my office, 
which is situated on the second fioor, 
I find it. already occupied with new 
applicants for registration, or with a 
member or members of the teaching 
staff who wish to consult me concerning 
some general concern of their classes 
or of individual pupils. 

While they are engaging my atten- 
tion, a proof copy of the Meteorological 
Bulletin, which the college issues every 
morning at eight o'clock, is shown to 
me before being submitted to the pro- 
fessor in charge of the department for 
his signature. Copies of these weather 
reports go to the local press, the Ameri- 
can and British consulates, and mem- 
bers of our board of managers resident 
in the city. They are also forwarded 
by mail to the Weather Bureaus at 
Washington, London, Cairo, Larnaka 
(Cyprus), and other points. Before all 
the persons and items requiring my at- 
tention have been disposed of the gong 
for morning chapel at 8.40 has sounded 
and I am obliged to excuse myself 
from those still in the office and hurry 
down to Assembly Hall in the adjoining 
building. Here I find the wide plat- 
form occupied with members of the 
teaching staff, and every chair in the 
main body of the hall, to the number 
of 340, occupied with students. Whalp 

63 J 


^•r . 

" Wjw "^ 


• •» 


A partial view, ahowiner alao kindersarten Imildinff at left of picture and sarden wall and 
outbuildin^ni in the f oreffroond 

an inspiration to look upon that splen- 
did body of boys and young men ! 

The red f ezzes, scattered in every part 
of the chapel, cover the heads of Mos- 
lem students whose religfion does not 
require them to follow the apostolic 
injunction to worship with the head 
bared. These chapel exercises, brief, 
simple, and impressive, are limited to 
an opening hymn. Scripture reading, 
and prayer. One of my American col- 
leagues presides at the beautiful pipe 
organ, gift of our generous benefac- 
tress, Mrs. John S. Kennedy. Today 
our morning hymn is : — 

"Lord, thy word abideth. 
And our footsteps guideth ; 
Who its truth believeth, 
Light and joy receiveth. " 

The Scripture lesson following is from 
Psalm 119, verse 105, "Thy word is a 
lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my 
path/' Whatever may be said as to 
the artistic quality of our singing, it 
is certainly hearty and answers the 
Psalmist's conception of making a 
"joyful noise." Occasionally I find 
a substitute for myself in leading these 
exercises in the person of some leader 
of church work at home who is travel- 
ing in the East and chances to drop in 
on us at this morning hour. 

When this happens the visitor is 
usually given the Bible study period, 


which follows chapel exercises, tor a 
straight, practical talk to the boys in 
Assembly Hall. Today, however, we are 
alone, and at the close of prayer all stu- 
dents, without exception, file out from 
chapel to their various class rooms for 
Bible study, and when I reach the large 
hallway in front of the college ofifice I 
find the senior Bible class awaiting me. 
If I am fortunate enough to find that 
my office assistant has been able to dis- 
pose of the rest of my morning appli- 
cants I am free to devote the full 
balance of this period until 9.30 to my 
class, and there is nothing in our whole 
curriculum of studies which proves of 
greater interest than these morning 
Bible study classes. The brief five- 
minute interval before turning to my 
large class of between fifty and sixty 
young men in bookkeeping, which be- 
gins at 9.35, is devoted to pressing ofifice 
duties. In order that I may be con- 
veniently consulted or called to the 
office, this class is also held in the same 
hallway, even although callers are 
obliged to pass through it in reaching 
my office. The hour with this class is 
always strenuous, frequently inter- 
rupted by callers, who are invariably 
passed into the office with a word of 
apology and explanation that I will 
be able to see them at the close of the 

lesson. Digitized by GOOglC 


The Day's Round in a Mission College 


Teachers have been requested not to 
refer cases for special discipline to the 
office before 10.30, and so at the close 
of my bookkeeping class I find my office 
occupied not only with patrons from 
without, waiting to interview me, but 
also with indoor patients^ requiring my 
special attention. As the former have 
the first claim on my attention, the 
latter are usually grranted a temporary 
reprieve until some fixed hour in the 
afternoon, when they are enjoined to 
reappear before the "tribimal of jus- 

If they are from the preparatory de- 
partment and it is not their first offense, 
the treatment is usually of the * ' heroic ' ' 
type. Among the clients awaiting me 
are applicants from Macedonia, or per- 
chance from Greece or Rhodes, or a 
father who has brought his son from 
one of the interior cities of Asia Minor. 
But I notice also a Turkish official to 
whom I give my first attention and 
find he is a messenger from the gov- 
ernor general of the province, request- 
ing me to come to the palace at a 
certain hour in the afternoon in refer- 
ence to some question regarding our 
property or privileges. 

It is more usual to find the messenger 
is from the prefect of the city, who 

wishes to consult me regarding the ex- 
tensive schemes of street improvement 
in this quarter, in which we have been 
mutually interested during the past two 
years. In the midst of these interests 
the cavass brings in the morning mail, 
and I excuse myself from other waiting 
clients while I sort out the office letters 
and those for teachers, returning the 
letters for students to the cavass, who 
places them in the post-office boxes in 
the lower hallway. 

If I succeed in getting my callers dis- 
posed of before twelve, I am reminded 
by a memorandum on my desk that I 
have been requested by certain tecwh- 
ers to visit their classes at this hour, 
the first day I can. Again this morning 
only a few minutes remain, so I will 
use them to run through the morning 
letters. The variety of languages 
used in these letters necessitates the 
aid of my polyglot office assistant. 
Those requiring answer are set aside 
for the first opportunity which the 
afternoon will afford for this purpose, 
iiA it frequently happens that an hour 
or two after dinner in the evening is 
the only time available for dictating 
replies in Elnglish to the assistant, who 
translates and transcribes them during 
office hours the following day. 

Seats 600 penons, as used on special occasions 

Digitized by 



A Master Builder of Shansi 


For some years past the college has 
set and signaled local standard time 
for the city and railway lines. As the 
sun is now approaching the meridian 
the next five minutes are devoted to 
that. Hurrying home for lunch, I 
often find awaiting me the mother of 
some poor boy, who has resorted to 
this means of waylaying me and plead- 
ing her case for a reduction. But as a 
rule I am obliged to turn a deaf ear to 
all such appeals, even though I may 
be convinced of the worthiness of the 
applicant, for the simple reason that 
the college has no funds from which it 
can aid such cases. 

Lunch over, I find I have just time 
to get to the office to keep some one 
o'clock appointments with teachers or 
others, for which no time could be 
found during the morning. At 1.30 
I have my class in history of philosophy 
or in political economy and by 2.30 I 
am ready to set out for the governor's 
palace or the prefect's office in accord- 
ance with my morning appointment. 
Banking and printing office errands 
are attended to as I pass through the 

bazaars en route for the palace. I am 
usually back at headquarters by four 
o'clock or shortly after, and just in 
time for afternoon tea. 

Following this I always hope to get 
a good ** knock up " at tennis with my 
associates when there are no station 
meetings, or meetings of the trustees 
of the CJollegiate Institute for girls ar- 
ranged for 4.30. Our faculty meetings 
and the meetings of our committee ad 
interim are usually held at the college 
in the evening at eight o'clock. Board 
of managers' meetings and sometimes 
also general staff meetings are re- 
served for Saturday mornings, when 
we have no regular classes. If the 
evening happens to be free from meet- 
ings or office cares, my duties for the 
day so far as the college is concerned 
close with presiding at the evening 
meal and conducting evening prayers 
immediately after dinner in the college 
dining hall. I share this last duty with 
two other American members of the 
staff, and so it is only every third week 
that my turn comes for this last regular 
item on our daily program. 


On the City Wall, Fenchow 

DURING the week I landed in Fen- 
chow, in 1907, a man was brought 
to the hospital in a critical condi- 
tion. He was Mr. Wang Yin Ting, of 
the town of P'ei Hwei Chen, forty miles 
(Chinese) east of the city. One of the 
head men of his town, he was widely 
known and respected. Aside from his 
duties as a public official he is a con- 
tractor on a large scale, building tem- 



pies and filling contracts for the repair- 
ing of city walls. Being a man of 
some means, he had constantly to suffer 
blackmail from his poor neighbors and 
relatives. Finally, to take revenge upon 
them, after the Chinese custom, he went 
to the home of one of his persecutors 
and attempted to kill himself upon 
the doorstep, in order that his spirit 
might forever haunt them. Fortu- 


A Master Builder of Shansi 


nately, however, he was found before 
the razor-cut across his throat had fa- 
tal effect. There were no Christians 
in his town, but among the crowd 
which quickly gathered about the 
would-be suicide was one who said he 
had heard that over in Fenchow there 
was a foreign doctor who could cure 
serious cases. This was how it hap- 
pened that Dr. Atwood came to sew up 
his throat. The patient grradually re- 
covered, and during the two months 
in the hospital had the chance of hear- 
ing the daily preaching 
of the gospel and of get- 
ting from the helpers a 
good knowledge of Chris- 
tianity. Even after his 
case was dismissed he 
stayed to study, and 
shortly after his return home 
he was back again with his son 
and five neighbors' boys to 
place them in the Atwater 
Memorial School. This was 
but the first of several signs 
that a new influence had come 
over his spirit. 

A year later, after many 
weeks of faithful study, Mr. 
Wang came to the missionary 
in charge and asked if there 
would be any objection to his 
beginning to preach publicly in 

runs the note of grratitude to the 
church which was the means of spar- 
ing his life, and the sweetness of spirit 
and unselfishness of his daily life are a 
frequent cause of comment. One of 
the recent evidences of this spirit was 
his treatment of a low-down gambler 
of the streets, who as a punishment 
had been so beaten by the magistrate 
that the jellied flesh of his limbs had 
begun to fall off. Hearing that he was 
being left uncared for Mr. Wang went 
himself to see him, an unusual behavior 
for a man of his standing 
in China. The result was 
that he dispatched a mes- 
senger to Fenchow to see 
whether the doctor or as- 
sistant could not for this 
time break the rule, made 
necessary from overwork, of 
not leaving the compound to 
treat patients. Three trips 
were made at Mr. Wang's ex- 
pense, and the patient recov- 
ered, much to every one's sur- 

But the most striking evi- 
dence of the genuineness of 
this man's Christian life showed 
itself this fall. With no model 
to copy, with no suggestion 
from without, he came to the 
missionary and expressed his 
his own town. Consent was Chinese criminal ^gj^ ^^ ^^^ ^j^^ church build- 
only too gladly given, and at "^^^^J^p^^^^" ing, opium refuge, school, and 

his own expense he immedi- 
ately fitted up one of his build 
ings as a chapel, with opium refuge in 
connection. Every other day, when the 
city market was opened, he was out 
among the crowds which gathered, 
preaching his new message. His posi- 
tion as the leading man of the town 
gave prominence to his activities and 
likewise gave the church founded in his 
home a high standing from the begin- 
ning. Some sixty men passed through 
the opium refuge the first winter. 
This last year he has added a school 
of some twenty boys to his plant ; so 
closely does education follow religion 
on the mission field. 
Through all this man's work there 

wooden collar adjoining courtyard to the 
church in that town, so that 
they might count no more as his prop- 
erty, but as that of the church. At the 
annual meeting of the Fenchow church 
this fall the gift was publicly presented. 
This Chinese builder of temples and 
walls has thus broadly and devotedly laid 
foundations for the Christian church in 
his own town. His is the first so large 
gift from native sources to our Shansi 
church, and is an example sure to be 
followed by others in days to come. 
Mr. Wang is but one of many who 
while being helped in the healing of 
the body have learned that life con- 
sists not in being ministered^unto, but 
in ministering. Digitized by VjOOgiC 



By GEORGE SHERWOOD EDDY, op Battalagundu, South India 

Th« foHowinflr report-letter from Mr. Eddy to a 
ffroup of contributora under the Station Plan to of so 
unusual character and interest in its terse description 
of ten representative Hindu converts to Christianity 
and so susarestive of the material that to bmns built 
into the Church of Christ in Indto as to warrant its 
republication here, that it may have wider re ad ing . 
—Thb Editor. 

I SEND you a snapshot of a grroup of 
Christians from one of our village 
churches. It is of unique interest. 
These converts come from six different 
castes, and all have been persecuted 
save the last man on the right, who is 
an inquirer from the thief caste. 

Let us begin with our catechist, who 
stands near the center wearing a tur- 
ban. His name is Davavaran and, as 
his name implies, he has been veritably 
a*' Gift of God "to us. He was trained 
in our boarding school and I lived with 
him a year out in the tents with the 
theological band. He is pure gold. 
He manages to keep smiling in the face 
of persecution. His church and school 
were burned over his head, yet he goes 
steadily on winning boys for Christ 
in his school every year in the very 
teeth of Hindu persecutions, and sends 


them up to be educated at our high 

On the left of the group stand a 
father and two sons from a rare caste, 
high in the scale of Hinduism. They 
are the only three converts I know 
from this caste among 22,000 Christians 
in the Madura Mission. They have 
been persecuted, but are standing firm. 
The father was the pujari or priest 
of the Hindu temple, but he has now 
given his life to Christ. He is strug- 
gling to send his two boys through our 
mission high school. One of them has 
gained a scholarship, and both will be 
useful mission workers as an entering 
wedge into this high caste which must 
be won for Christ. 

The next two boys come from the 
lowest of the low. The long-haired 
boy, Stephen, was beaten by his father 
and driven from home when he was 
baptized. He is of limited ability and 
hopes to be an honest carpenter, though 
his people before him were outcast 
pariahs, living from hand to mouth. 


Mother Sorabji 


with no meat to eat but carrion. The 
next boy, Devadasen, is also of humble 
origin. He was the first fruits from 
our boarding school when I entered the 
station. I shall never forget the night 
he stood up in church, packed with his 
heathen relatives, to confess Christ. 
He is now in our high school preparing 
to be a mission worker, and last year 
he won the first prize in the Bible ex- 
amination for All-India. Such men are 
the hope of their people. 

The next man is Kyambu, standing a 
little behind. His family were the he- 
reditary priests of the devil temple in 
their village. I remember when the 
pastor and I stood dripping in our shirt 
sleeves, after a hurried and hot ride on 
our bicycles, to baptize the old father 
and the entire family at the father's 
bed. Then persecution broke out. The 
Hindus said : " Our god has killed your 
father because he became a Christian ; 
you cannot draw water from the village 
well ; you cannot grind your grrain at 
the village mill ; we will never enter 
your door in the hour of sickness or 
death; and your children can never 
marry with ours, for you are dead to 
us and we to you." He went to sleep 
at night a prosperous farmer ; when he 
awoke in the morning his entire crop 
of onions and other things had been 
taken up by the roots and transplanted 
in a Hindu's field a mile away, while 
the whole village was ready to swear 
that he never had any crop in his field. 
But Kyambu has stood firm, and perse- 
cution has turned into toleration and 
will in time become friendship. He 
will yet win his people for Christ. 

Back in the doorway is the face of a 
woman who is a secret disciple in the 
village. She is counted nominally a 
Hindu, yet she clings to Christ as her 

Saviour and gives large gifts to the 
church. It was her gift which enabled 
us to erect the church in the door of 
which she is standing. She is tjrpical 
of thousands of women who are believ- 
ers in Christ, but who shrink from 
baptism because it would mean the loss 
of husband and home, of relatives and 
children whom they still hope to win 
for Christ if they remain at home. 

On the right of the teacher stands 
Joshua Perumal, a new convert from 
the wealthy Chetty caste, the native 
bankers and lenders of India. He is 
one of four men out of his caste who 
have recently come to Christ in the 
face of persecution. They are the 
only converts from this caste among 
our 22,000 Christians. The first one 
was beaten till he fell down in a fit, 
and lay unconscious for hours in peril 
of his life. Three of his cousins have 
also come out, one by one, for Christ 
and joined the church in the village. 

The last man on the right is an inquirer 
from the thief caste. These people are 
very proud of their caste, and it ranks 
as one of the high castes of India. We 
have only one or two converts from 
this difificult community. This man 
has promised me that he will become a 
Christian in the face of persecution. 
Even from this thief caste we shall 
win converts, and with such men as 
our teacher, Davavaran, located in the 
heart of these villages, we have high 
hopes of success. 

Pray for this struggling, little church 
and the sixty other larger churches 
which are scattered through our sta- 
tion. Remember these women who are 
secret believers. And pray for these 
inquirers trembling on the brink of 
decision, that they may take counsel 
of their faith and not of their fears. 


THE seclusion of women in India exceptions became so well known that 

has kept most of the daughters letters from other countries addressed 

of that land from being widely simply to Mrs. Sorabji, India, reached 

influential or notable. One of the few her without trouble^igJ^I5byI(j^)(^tetc 


A Great Day in Adana 


of Sholapur, in the Dnyanodaya of 
November 10, 1910, writes apprecia- 
tively of the beauty and influence of 
the life of this woman, everywhere 
called ** Mother Sorabji" by her many 
friends amon^ the English, Parsis, 
Hindus, Jews, and Mohammedans. 

Franscina Sorabji was bom at Ahmed- 
nagar in 1833. Her girlhood, spent in 
the region of the Neilgherry Hills, de- 
veloped a keen appreciation of natural 
beauty, a trait which remained one of 
her charms ; her garden was always her 
delight. At the age of twenty, after 
unusual educational advantages, se- 
cured by the help of an Elnglish friend, 
and which revealed a marked intelli- 
gence and responsiveness, she was mar- 
ried to one of the first Christian con- 
verts from Zoroastrianism, and at once 
had to undergo the persecution of her 
husband's people. With him she bravely 
bore the taunts and the long struggle 
'n which family, friends, and fortune 
Slipped away. 

In the service of the Church Mission- 
ary Society they were sent first to Nasik, 
where they helped in f oimding a Chris- 
tian village and where Mrs. Sorabji 
began her characteristic life work by 
mothering the lads in the industrial 
school. At the same time she was car- 
ing for her own growing family, seven 
brilliant daughters and one son ; with 
untiring love and marked ingenuity she 
superintended their education, and even 
invented a kindergarten system of her 

Upon their removal to the larger 
field of Poona, in 1876, she began to 
carry out plans that had been long 
forming in her mind, by starting what 

later became the ^ctoria High School. 
Only seven pupils could be gathered 
at first, but these represented four 
races and foreshadowed the wide in- 
fiuence she was to have among different 

Upon her visit to England, in 1886, 
Mrs. Sorabji interested many EInglish 
ladies in her plans and secured sub- 
stantial funds for her school; in the 
course of time there came to be several 
primary schools as feeders for the high, 
one for each race or religion, Hindu, 
Mohammedan, Parsi. In these schools 
have been taught pupils to the number 
of thousands, upon whom this extraor- 
dinary woman poured the wealth of 
her eager and affectionate nature. 
She was at once the most forward 
of educationalists, the keenest among 
Indian reformers, and the most earnest 
of Christian missionaries. 

In her drives she would frequently 
stop her carriage to speak to some 
Parsi student or Brahman woman; 
and her words were not simply con- 
ventional greetings, but particular in- 
quiries (for she seemed to know the 
whole family history of her friends and 
to keep them in her heart), followed 
\ by some loving word concerning the 
welfare of the soul. So genuine and 
sympathetic were these words that no 
offense was taken; the *'Good-by, 
Mother," which closed the interview 
showed that tender feeling had been 
stirred. The loss of this loving mother- 
heart lays a heavy sorrow upon all 
who came within reach of her influ- 
ence. Who will arise to take her place 
in that land where sympathy is sorely 


By Secretary CORNELIUS H. PATTON, d.d. 

I WAS sitting at dinner with Mr. and 
Mrs. Chambers when a church bell 
rang out so loud and clear and with 
such a joyful sound that we instinc- 
tively stopped and listened. It seemed 

to combine in its notes all the joy of 
Christmas and of Blaster. Evidently 
the man who rang the bell was having 
one of the happiest experiences of his 
life. You s^ij^y^^iave seen the light 


A Great Day in Adana 


come into the face of Mr. Chambers. 
"The first time," he said, '*that bell 
has run^ since the massacres a year 
and eight months ago ! " We finished 
our meal hurriedly, and in a few min- 
utes Pastor Astchdjian came in to con- 
duct us to the service. Imagine my 
pleasure at being present on this Sun- 
day. It was by the grreatest good for- 
tune, as I had given up all hope of 
visiting Tarsus or Adana on account 
of the quarantine regulations against 
cholera. But the day before my leav- 
ing Constantinople, the steamers began 
stopping at Mersine, and so I slipped 
in. I could not have hit upon a better 


time. Ever since the massacres our 
people, having lost their church by fire, 
had been worshiping with the Grego- 
rians. The hospitality of the ancient 
Armenian church, which is steadily 
adopting our ideals and ways, had been 
greatly appreciated, and this experi- 
ence, following the terrible sufferings 
in which both churches shared, has 
drawn the people together in a manner 
most promising for the future. 

But it did seem good to the Evangel- 
icals to be back in their own edifice, re- 
built on the old site and using the unin- 
jured walls. The building stands out 
finely in the midst of the surrounding 
ruins, and is one of the best structures 
in the city. We picked our way over 
fallen walls and paths strewed with 

brick and mortar and entered the 
church by means of a wide, temporary 
stairway, more Hke a ladder. The 
women certainly had a time *' climbing 
up Zion's hill." Under the circum- 
stances, there being no stairs, no fires, 
no heating apparatus, not all the win- 
dows in, and the weather unusually 
cold, I did not expect much of a con- 
gregation ; but I did not know Adana. 
The church was literally packed from 
wall to wall, and all sitting on the 
floor. I had to walk over small boys 
and girls to reach the platform. What 
a sight ! In front the orphans, their 
bright little faces showing no remem- 
brance of the fearful 
scenes they had witnessed 
when their parents were 
stabbed or shot. In the 
right-hand comer the sem- 
inary girl-, with the Misses 
Webb, Miss Peck, and the 
other teacinrs against the 
wall. T- c men of the 
church, outnumbering 
the women, on one side of 
the floor space ; the women 
on the other; some sad 
faces there. In the gal- 
lery a miscellaneous 
throng I could not make 
out, and every inch of 
standing room occupied, 
about the windows, doors, 
and stairs. I calculated there were 
about five hundred present. An usher 
was talking to the people, making them 
move forward and sit closer; grreat 
shifting of position and good-natured 
jostling ; everybody happy. But I could 
scarcely keep back the tears as I pic- 
tured the scenes of a year and eight 
months ago. How could these people 
smile? How could they have courage 
to rebuild their church ? It was a won- 
derful demonstration of the reality and 
vitality of our Christian religion. 

Do you know, we in prosperous, 
abounding America need the witness 
of this suffering people? They have 
taught us that Christ is still in the 
world comforting, strengthening, and 
saving the people. lo^^ydf^h®"^ thisije 



Where Missionary and Moslem Agree 


I poured out my heart to them and 
said we needed them, their faith and 
patience, and their undying hope ; that 
we were in danger of losing the reality 
of our religion through our comfort 
and ease. I felt that we and they were 
bound together that day by a glorious 
reciprocity, and I want to say to all 
friends of the American Board that we 
must make more of this spiritual bond 
with the native Christians in every land 
where we are at work. We pray for 
our missions and claim their work as 
our own; let us take in as well these 
Christian brothers and sisters in the 
native churches. 

They generously gave me most of the 
time, but the pastor spoke, also Mr. 
Chambers. We sang the Doxology, 
read Isaiah 35, prayed together, sang 
'•Jesus Shall Reign," and left the 
church with smiling faces. They took 
up a collection for Home Missions 
amounting to £T.8, about $35, surely 
a good sum in a city where wages are 
about seventeen cents a day and the 
working day is fifteen hours long. 

But I must speak of that wonderful 
farewell morning service in the big 
Gregorian church. That indeed was 

an event. Crowds? It was a sight 
never to be forgotten. Look at the 
combination: Gregorians and Protes- 
tant congregations united for a loving 
farewell; a new bishop to be intro- 
duced to his people; a visitor from 
America to be heard; and last but 
not least fifteen babies to be bap- 
tized. It took from eight o'clock 
in the morning to twelve. It is sim- 
ply impossible for me to picture that 
scene, but it will live in my mem- 
ory to my dying day. The bishop and 
the priests were cordiality itself, and 
the whole affair took on the nature of 
a love feast, the more so as it centered 
around their mass, which they are be- 
ginning to interpret as our communion. 
We all said, *'The two churches sepa- 
rate for worship, but they will remain 
one in spirit.*' I could write pages on 
the movement of the Gregorian church 
toward evangelical ideals ; it is one of 
the mightiest movements in the world 
today. But let this service in blood- 
stained Adana sufRce. It is significant 
of what is happening all over Turkey. 
The great day in Adana was to me 
typical of the coming greater day in 
all Turkey. 


By Rev. CHARLES K. TRACY, of Smyrna, Turkey 

*' A L hammed Ullah (Praise God), 
/A I am a Mussulman ! " was the 
exclamation of my guide as we 
descended to the Lycos Valley from the 
terrace of the ruined Hieropolis and 
took the path toward Laodicea. All 
the hot afternoon this villager had kept 
his Ramazan fast, though he might 
have claimed exemption as a traveler, 
through a kind provision in his sacred 
code ; no water, no food through the 
long tramp, nor even a whiff of his to- 
bacco during the three hours of my 
ramble among the ponderous remains 
of the Roman Saratoga. At length we 
reached the last farm hut on the slopes 
and the sun went behind the lofty 

Baba Mountain. Here we waited for 
a little till sunset should be an astro- 
nomical fact ; then the guide asked at 
the farm for a drink of water, after 
which he drew from his broad belt his 
dinner of bread and cheese, and walked * 
on, eating. There followed a long 
silence while he smoked his cigarette, 
and the dusk deepened ; but as the full 
moon appeared we began to reflect 

"Allah is very good," was his re- 
sponse to my remark that God gives 
sunshine, twilight, and moonlight in 
such order as is best for all his chil- 
dren; for those who sleep and for 
those who are late hcmre^^^lah gives 

igi ize y ^ 


Liberty of Worship in Spain 


what is best," he continued, " but men 
are not grateful. Allah sends light 
and darkness, rain and drought, when 
each is best; but men do everything 
out of time and out of place. They 
do not keep the fast in the blessed 
month of Ramazan, but eat and get 
drunken and lieglect their prayers." 

I remarked that of three Mohamme- 
dan drivers who had served me during 
my journey two seemed, very ready to 
eat and smoke during the day. '' Don't 
mind those men," he rejoined; "most 
men are getting careless. Many have 
lost their faith and are nothing; but 
some of us are keeping the faith as of 

I asked if a man could be a good 
Mussuhnan and live by his prayers if 
he was yet selfish, immoral, or cruel, 
and added that we Christians have been 
weakened because so many pretend to 

obey Christ, when in fact they obey 
their own inclinations; so "the Faith- 
ful " despise us. 

"That is the way with us Mussul- 
mans," came the quick answer ; "every 
one should be righteous and love his 
neighbor, but our people commit many 
crimes and their prayers are not heard. 
Therefore we suffer humiliation before 
the nations, and they who were our sub- 
jects try to take Crete away from us ; 
and on every side we are perplexed." 

I told him that Christians recognize 
their obligation to follow the laws of 
"Issah" (Jesus); and these are all 
summed up in love to God and love to 
man. If Christians were all true, there 
would be no hatred between the fol- 
lowers of the Prophet and thos^ of the 
Christ. This puzzled him a while, but 
he took refuge in his preamble, "Al 
hanmied Ullah, I am a Mussulman." 



IN July we organized a public meet- 
ing in the interests of a petition, to 
be presented to congress in Decem- 
ber, asking for a confirmation of the 
principle of liberty of worship in lieu 
of the "toleration" which is now all 
that is ceded in the constitution to dis- 
senters from the Roman Catholic reli- 
gion. This series of meetings was organ- 
ized by the Evangelicals* chiefly those 
resident in Madrid, and has been warmly 
greeted by many of the evangelical 
centers of the work in different parts 
of Spain. In our mission the most not- 
able meetings were held in Santander, 
Logrono, and Zaragoza, in all of which 
places the speakers, who were ahiefly 
Protestants, were received with grreat 
cordiality, and in some places with 
marked enthusiasm. 

The meeting in Logrono was held in 
the largest theater of the city, which 
is capable of holding some three thou- 
sand people and was filled to over- 
flowing. Conspicuous in the audience 

was a considerable number of the best 
known ladies of the city. All the speak- 
ers but one were of the younger evan- 
gelical element, among the most prom- 
inent of whom were two sons of the 
American Board's pastor in Zaragoza. 
For intelligent interest in the debate, 
manifest appreciation of the importance 
of the subject in hand, and warmth of 
enthusiasm, this meeting in Logrono 
was counted by our young campaigners 
as one of the most successful of the 

A month later an important meeting 
on the same subject was held in Zara- 
goza. The majority of the city govern- 
ment of today is in frank sjrmpathy 
with the liberal tendencies of the present 
national government and in equal accord 
with the evangelical leaders who seek 
for a constitutional guarantee of the 
liberty of worship. 

In the city is a noted public hall, built 
some two centuries ago for the holdr 
ing of public meetings of a popularC 


Liberty of Worship in Spain 


kind. Some members of the city gov- 
ermnent, learning that we were seeking 
for a public hall for a meeting in favor 
of the liberty of worship, approached 
our pastor, Senor Araujo, with the as- 
surance that if he would ask the city 
government for the use of the hall, 
known in history as "La Lonja," the 
use of it would be given free of charge. 
The meeting was organized for the lat- 
ter part of July and came off with bril- 
liant success, fully two thousand people 
standing through more than two hours 
to listen to speeches in favor of making 
liberty of worship a part of the funda- 
mental law of the land. The order was 
perfect and the attention at times in- 
tense ; bursts of applause were earnest 
and impassioned. It is believed that in 
the history of Spain this is the only in- 
stance where a notable public edifice 
of grest historical interest and impor- 
tance has been granted for the purposes 
of a public meeting frankly presenting 
the evangelical caiise and demanding 
equal rights for Protestant Spaniards 
in the liberties and privileges enjoyed 
by other loyal Spanish citizens. 

The most prominent speaker at this 
meeting was one of the sons of our pas- 
tor in Zaragoza. Since then this pastor 
has been invited by one of the most in- 
fluential political dailies of the city to 
contribute to its columns, with a prom- 
ise to publish anything that he may 
see fit to present them. They have just 
completed a series of three articles from 
his pen on the subject. ** The Liberty of 
Worship'' (Ldbertad de Cultos) , These 
articles are considered about the best 
statement of the subject that has yet 
been given to the public, and a fund 
will presently be raised for printing 
them in pamphlet form for the widest 
possible distribution. 

After the great meeting in "La 
Lonja," the same speakers addressed 
an enthusiastic congregation that filled 
our chapel to the utmost. While the 
meeting in the public hall was addressed 
exclusively by Spanish speakers, I had 
the pleasure of presiding at the meeting 
in our own chapel and of making the 
last of the three discourses. 

During this season the same young 
orators, under the auspices of the vari- 
ous evangelical pastors of Barcelona, 
made a campaign of an entire week in 
that city, holding from two to three or 
four meetings almost every day of the 
week in different sections. The last of 
this series was held in one of the most 
noted theaters of the city, and it was 

It is apparent to the most superficial 
observer that the presence of the evan- 
gelical element in Spain is at this mo- 
ment, and under the peculiar govern- 
mental conditions of the day, being 
acknowledged as never before in the 
history of the country as a distinct fac- 
tor in the body politic, whose organiza- 
tion and rights demand recognition 
alongside of all other institutions that 
are so recognized and protected by the 
laws of the land. 

In this connection it is also to be 
noted that never before has the evan- 
gelical element in the land been re- 
ferred to in the influential public press 
so frankly, freely, and frequently as 
during the last few months in connec- 
tion with the vital questions of Church 
and State now occupying the attention 
of government and people. 

We must again remind our good 
friends who for years have so gener- 
ously sustained these institutions that 
their influence is by no means to be 
reckoned as limited to the number of 
edifices or even of the souls that go to 
make up the evangelical community. 
They must realize that this small but 
living force has worked out through 
varied agencies until during the last 
generation it has revolutionized public 
thought of the Protestants. 

We may perhaps be pardoned in view 
of this fact, and of the present hopeful 
conditions of the religious question in 
Spain, for expostulating with these 
good and generous friends against any 
thought of retrenchment or recession 
now in their work and plans for Spain. 
This, of all the moments in our history, 
is the one in which would be justified 
the most vigorous effort and the larg- 
est outlay of men and means. 


Rbceipts Available for Rxgular Appropriations 









f 71, 758.00 


1 From From From 
1 From ' S. S. and Twentieth Matured 
; Individuals i Y. P. S. | Century Fund Conditional 
' C. E. j and Legacies Gifts 

from Funds 


$74M1.80 fl.888.U | $840.87 $2,000.00 
1 6;219.86 , 3,849.W 1,631.16 i 



$1,98180 1 $690.29 1 
$2,081.64 ' 1 $2,000.00 



For Four Months to Dbcbmbbr 81 








$3,500 jOO 






The financial statement printed in the 
last issue of the Herald bore the head- 
ing, ** Individual Gifts Show Increase/' 
This month it is the item "From 
Churches" that shows the most in- 
crease, $25,387.75. It is a remarkable 
record and full of cheer. Unmistakably 
it registers the benefit of the Appor- 
tionment Plan. Just how much of ac- 
tual gain it marks is yet to be deter- 
mined. The question rises, to what 
extent this increase is due rather to 
a new promptness in remittances by 
church treasurers than to larger gifts 
of the churches. Special effort to re- 
mit all church gifts by the close of 1910 
was certainly a factor in the large re- 
ceipts of December ; if it was the only or 
the main factor, there may be a falling 
off in January from last year's record. 
We are persuaded better things, and 
that the main reason for the marked 
advance was the growing adoption of 
the Apportionment Plan whereby many 
churches increased substantially their 
missionary gifts. If the returns for 

January also shall show a corresponding' 
gain it will go far to substantiate this 
opinion that the Apportionment Plan is 
already sufficiently established to accom- 
plish the work for which it was designed . 
Such results will give fresh courage to 
the new Apportionment Commission, 
and will amply repay those churches, 
conferences, pastors, officers, and cam- 
paigners who have labored persistently 
to promote the plan. 

Another item of cheer in the month's 
report, not to be overlooked, is the gain 
in gifts from Sunday schools and young 
people's societies. While the amount, 
$1,981.80, is not remarkably large in it- 
self, it is yet a gain of more than one 
hundred per cent in the gifts from 
those sources, and continues the ad- 
vance in this class of gifts made dur- 
ing the earlier months of the year. 

A study of the figures for the first 
four months of the fiscal year is also 
most gratifying ; as will be seen, the in- 
crease over the corresponding months 
of last year in gifts from the livingdC 

66 ^ 


Home Department 


toward the re^lar appropriations, is 
over $4,300, a statement which may 
well give fresh inspiration and deter- 
mination to all churches as well as to 
those in the Board's offices who are bus- 
ied with securing funds for this work. 


"It does a fellow good out here, 
when the things of America seem rather 
like a dream and the horizon is apt to 
shut in his world, to have one of the 
fellows remember him enough to ask to 
have his church's contribution go to 
him. It makes him feel that there is a 
cloud of witnesses watching him." 

If you, gentle reader, happen to be- 
long to a church which has a mission- 
ary on the foreign field, drop him a line 
this week and see that some one else 
does it next week, and so on. Or if you 
happen to have a college or seminary 
classmate tugging away in some mission 
station, cheer him up with a hearty 
message, with the flavor of the old days 
about it. And if you are the minister 
of a church tell your people about him. 


The year 1910 is the first real test for 
the proving of what is in '* Apportion- 
ment." From the record of receipts 
to January 1, the plan looks good. 
The churches have made a grreat in- 
crease; the money has come pouring 
in these last few days, despite the fact 
that there must be thousands of dollars 
which through oversight have not yet 
been sent in by church treasurers; 
and all of this money is from the 
churches and not from individuals. 
Gifts from churches represent the 
quiet, systematic gathering of months 
preceding. They are harder to increase 
than any other class, but when they 
start they flow with great steadiness. 

The papers tell us that $226,000,000 
of dividends were dispersed on Jan- 
uary 1. We hope you all got your 
share, and that now in January, Feb- 
ruary, and March, when there are no 
piled up grranaries full of Apportion- 

ment Plan products, the "individual" 
gifts will proceed to assert themselves. 
Are there not individual friends whom 
the Lord hath prospered who want to 
have a work of their own on the field 
abroad? Let us give you a share in 
the Station Plan, or a part of a station 
all to yourself. There are mission- 
ary houses without a personal owner, 
five of them, to be built immediately. 
Here is a much needed advance which 
we have authorized our missionaries 
to make, and every item needs some 
friend in this country to say, "That 
shall be my investment." 


The National Council passed a reso- 
lution that the Year-Book for 1910 
should record the benevolent offerings 
in its columns as taken from the books 
of the treasurers of the benevolent so- 
cieties. That is a very simple thing to 
vote, but when it comes to working it 
out it has more difficult points than 
'* the fretful porcupine." When thus 
called upon to submit reports of what 
each church had given, the treasurers 
met and unearthed a number of prob- 
lems on which the Apportionment Com- 
misson would have to rule with uniform- 
ity before reports could be prepared. 
Then followed a conference with the 
Apportionment Commission, and after 
every aspect of the problem had been 
viewed, top, bottom, and sides, it was 
decided that " speciaJ " gifts should not 
be included as applicable on the Appor- 
tionment Plan, and that ** individual" 
gifts should be counted only when the 
donor stated in his letter that it should 
be credited to a particular church. 

It is clear that " special " gifts do not 
relieve the regular expenditures of the 
different societies. They help the allied 
work in general, but the American 
Board might send out a million dollars 
in ** specials " and yet have nothing but 
debt to show. In the case of ** individ- 
ual " gifts it was clear that oftentimes 
the treasurer who receives one cannot 
tell what church the giver belongs to, 
or whether he belongs to any, if there 


Home Department 


is no suggestion given in the letter. 
For instance, last August we received 
scores of gifts from the coast of 
Maine. Suppose a man sent in a gift 
from Eennebunk ; it could not be cred- 
ited to the church, for he was evidently 
a summer visitor. No other ruling was 
possible on the part of the Apportion- 
ment Qjmmission ; yet grreat dissatis- 
faction will be cropping out this next 
month, for in many states the State 
Committees of Apportionment had told 
their churches that "specials" and 
"individual" gifts would count. We 
urgently beg of our church treasurers, 
state committeemen, and j^astors to look 
at this problem from the point of view 
of the Apportionment Commission. The 
individual church may suffer in its 
record in the Year-Book; there may 
be temporary inconvenience and uncer- 
tainty; but the future success of the 
Apportionment Plan demands that there 
be uniformity in the rulings. For in- 
stance, in some churches the claim 
might be made that an apportionment 
of a thousand dollars had been met, 
yet on analysis less than a hundred 
had passed through the treasury of the 
Board for the regular work. The en- 
tire credit was from certain individual 
gifts to a missionary work in whkh 
that person was especially interested, 
but which was not supported by the 
budget of the Board. 

It has been further determined that 
a small report-slip shall be sent from 
each society to every church, stating 
just what offerings have been received 
during the year 1910. This will lead to 
much correspondence and difficult ex- 
planation, but it gives every church the 
chance to know why gifts have not 
been credited to the Apportionment 
Plan. Doesn't this situation call for 
very great patience and forbearance of 
judgment, and also for the heartiest 
co-operation of all of us with the com- 
mission ? It is by no means the ' ' easiest 
way," but it certainly is the only way 
to success. 

Last of all we beg you to remember 
that this situation is not of the Board's 


[S«e C»lf>nd>r of Prajrer in the American Board 
for 19U] 


EUBOPBAN TURKEY (Macwioida aad Albania) 
90 MiMtonariea 

19 Charchea, with 1,454 Members 
109 Natire Laborers. 870 PopiU in Schools 


1. The 4.000,000 people of the rising 
kingdom of Bulgaria, seven-eighths of 
whom are mostly professing Christians, 
belonging to the Eastern Church ; the 
other one-eighth classed as Turks. 

2. The lack of spiritual life in the 
national church and schools. (See let- 
ter from W. C. Cooper, in Missionary 
Herald for December, 1910, page 573.) 

3. The intellectual stir among the 
Bulgarians and the zeal for education. 

4. The grrowing hunger on the part 
of some of the more thoughtful people, 
including educators, for such religious 
influences as are found in Protestant 
churches and schools; hence the par- 
ticular need of these schools and of 
their better support. 

5. That most critical part of the 
Turkish empire known as Macedonia, 
the most active of all the Turkish prov- 
inces. Here were the directing forces 
that brought about the new regime, 
and here are strong influences of its 
support today. 

6. The Albanian province, aflame 
with discontent and demanding more 
liberty and self-government; the people 
are Moslem by name, but in general lit- 
tle attached to Islam, and clamoring for 
education; now suffering oppression 
as the Ottoman government seems bent 
on crushing out the national spirit. 
Recent sharp interference with the 
American missionaries appears to be 
happily ended. • (See Editorial Note in 
this number.) 

7. The Ericksons' return to Elbasan ; 
the Kennedys' effort to maintain the 
Kortcha school and other work; the 
little company of Protestant Christians 
in Albania. The need of prayer here, 
is immediate and unmeasuredwjOOQlC 


The Elighteenth Conference of Foreign 
Mission Boards in the United StatQ3 and 
Canada, held last month, was almost an 
Edinburgh reunion. For it appeared 
that the majority of those in attendance 
had b^n also delegates to the World's 
Missionary Conference at the Scottish 
capital last summer. Moreover the 
comradeship, the broad vision, and the 
sounding challenge of a new missionary 
era which characterized the Edinburgh 
Conference were reflected in the meet- 
ing at the Presbyterian Rooms at New 
York, January 11-12. 

The memory of the Edinburgh assem- 
bly was intensified also by the presence 
at New York of Mr. J. H. Oldham, the 
secretary of the World Conference, 
Rev. W. H. T. Gairdner, who wrote the 
popular account of it, and Dr. A. Boeg- 
ner, director of the Paris Missionary 
Society, who was perhaps the foremost 
representative of Protestant foreign 
missions from Latin Europe at Edin- 

Yet the New York Conference was 
not a mere echo meeting of that at Edin- 
burgh ; its mood was not chiefly rem- 
iniscent; it marked rather a step ahead 
from Eldinburgh, revealing a sense of 
present responsibilities, some of them 
new and growing out of the World Con- 
ference, that pointed to yet larger and 
heavier tasks ahead. 

The men who came together in New 
York represented some forty missionary 
societies, with a total annual income of 
over ten million dollars, and with no 
less than fifteen himdred mission sta- 
tions and more than four thousand 
missionaries scattered over the globe, 
whose immediate and pressing concerns 
compel an attention, alert for the pres- 
ent and the future rather than for rem- 
iniscences of events, howsoever rich and 

While this annual conference must 
cover in general the same ground year 
after year, at each meeting some fields 
emerge into view because of special 

needs or timeliness of appeal. One such 
field this year was that of Latin Amer- 
ica, presented by Drs, Carroll, Speer, 
and Ray, and with regard to which the 
conference voted heartily that it should 
be considered as a proper field for 
Christian missionary work. 

Also the missionary situation in the 
Mohammedan world was well set forth 
in a clear report by Dr. Watson, and 
emphasized by the presence and testi- 
mony of two of the guests, Mr. Gaird- 
ner, whose missionary service in Egypt 
has brought him face to face with the 
problems of Islam, and Dr. Boegner, 
who as missionary leader of the small 
and hard-pressed body of Protestants 
in France has to carry the crushing 
burden of their missionary work in 
Africa, where new tides of Moslem 
aggression are running high. 

The report of the Committee of Ref- 
erence and Counsel, the chief committee 
of the conference, discussed a variety 
of practical problems of missionary 
administration, such as "Religious 
Teaching in the Philippines," "Prepa- 
ration and Training of Missionary Can- 
didates," and "Hostels for Students 
in Government Schools." On some 
of these subjects the conference took 
co-operative action. 

By the adoption of a new consti- 
tution defining and guarding more 
clearly its own organization, this con- 
ference signalized its growth and es- 
tablishment as an indispensable agency 
for promoting American foreign mis- 
sions. Uplifting and memorable were 
the devotional hours, when the sense of 
comradeship became very keen and ten- 
der ; likewise the session of the closing 
evening, when the Outlooks brought 
from the Edinburgh Conference and 
the report of plans of the Continuation 
Committee of that body made all pres- 
ent feel that a new era in the history 
of the modem missionary enterprise 
had already begun. The vision was full 
of promise, digitized by GoOgle 



Languages and Literature 
By Secretary JAMES L. BARTON 

MISSIONARIES cannot preach the 
gospel until they discover and 
master the language in which 
to preach. From the beginning of 
modem missions English has been 
of little or no use as a preaching 
tongue. Wherever the missionary set- 
tled down for work in the early days 
he found himself among a people who 
had no knowledge of the language he 
spoke and no particular desire to learn 
it. If he expected to influence them 
there was only one thing for him to do 
and that was to make their language 
his own. 

This was no mean task» especially 
when the language itself had never 
been embodied in writing, as was tiie 
case with many languages of Africa and 
of the islands of the Pacific. It meant 
more than the creation of an alphabet ; 
it demanded the making of grammars 
and lexicons, followed by the creation 
of a general literature. 

The early struggles of the new mis- 
fidonaries were primarily with the lan- 
guages of the countries to which they 
went. These strange, unwritten. East- 
em tongues stretched like impassable 
barriers across the approach to the 
people, and it was only by persistent 
effort and superior intellectual appli- 
cation that the day was won. 

How much the world owes to the 
philological achievements of the mis- 
sionaries could hardly be recorded in 
a single volume, even of large propor- 
tions. They have made a far greater 
contribution to this subject than all 
other students of language combined. 

Commissioner Sir H. H. Johnston, of 
British Central Africa, emphasizes the 
huge debt that philologists owe to the 
labors of missionaries in Africa. He 
reports that nearly two hundred Afri- 
can languages and dialects have been 
illustrated by grammars, dictionaries, 
vocabularies, and Bible translations; 
that many of these tongues were upon 
the point of extinction and some have 
since become extinct ; and that we owe 
all the knowledge we have of them to 
the intervention of the missionaries. 

When we turn to the Pacific Islands 
we find that our knowledge of the 
many languages spoken there is due 
almost, if not wholly, to the mis- 
sionaries. As we go over the groups, 
the Sandwich Islands, Ponape, the 
Mortlocks, the Marshall and Gilbert 
Islands, as well as the more remote, 
the Fiji, the New Hebrides, and the 
Solomon Islands, we cannot but be 
impressed with the value of the mis- 
sionaries' contribution to the world's 
knowledge by their discovery of the 
languages spoken by these peoples and 
the embodying of the same in an or- 
derly literature. It seems but yester- 
day that Dr. Hiram Bingham was with 
us, who, together with Mrs. Bingham, 
gave to the Gilbert Islanders their own 
tongue, with a grammar and diction- 
ary, embodying it in hymns, a New 
Testament, a Bible Dictionary, and 
other books. 

Starting with William Carey in India, 
who is credited with translating the 
Bible in whole or in part into twentyr 
four Indian languages and dialec^i^ 


By-Products of Foreign Missions 


until the present time, the missionaries 
have been searching out the unknown 
tongues spoken by that great polyglot 
people, in order to put them into per- 
manent form as the channel through 
which Christian truth may be conveyed. 

In a word, wherever missionaries 
have gone they have been students 
of the vernacular before they were 
preachers of the gospel ; and they have 
been architects of grammars, vocabu- 
laries, and lexicons and creators of a 
Christian literature in the form of 
Bible translations before they erected 

If missionaries had not done this 
work, who would have undertaken 
it? It could not have been expected 
that independent students of philology 
would have been content to bury them- 
selves for a lifetime in the center of 
Africa or upon an island in the midst 
of the Pacific or in the interior of 
China, simply for the purpose of giv- 
ing to the world a correct knowledge 
of the vernaculars spoken by the people 
in those different regions. The sacri- 
fice demanded would have T)een too 
great for the promised reward. No 
one would expect that the merchants 
who touched but the fringes of the 
great EJastem countries would give 
much attention to the niceties of the 
language of the people with whom 
they traded. ** Pidgin English " seems 
quite good enough for their uses, and 
in fact is one of the mercantile contri- 
butions to the philological museum of 
the world. 

It is only the missionaries, as a class, 
who have had a motive strong and 
permanent enough to carry men and 
women of the highest intelligence 
and training into the uttermost parts 
of the earth and there hold them at 
the task of language study until it 
eventuated in an extensive and orderly 

Over four hundred effective and liv- 
ing versions of the Bible, translated 
for the most part by missionaries and 
native co-workers trained by them, are 
now in use. These have stood the test 
of scientific scrutiny and are the crown- 

ing proof of the thoroughness with 
which the chief languages of Africa 
and the East have been mastered by 
the missionaries. 

It is not claimed that the mission- 
aries have done extensive work in com- 
parative philology. Their task has been 
to make themselves masters of one, 
two, or, as in the case of Dr. Elias 
Riggs, of Turkey, of several languages, 
not for the purpose of comparing one 
with another, but solely for the pur- 
pose of coming into the closest relations 
with those to whom the conquered lan- 
guage was a household tongue. Phi- 
lologists of the West have made the 
accurate preliminary work of these 
pioneers the field for their own inves- 
tigations and comparisons. 

The literary work of the missionaries 
has introduced into all of these coun- 
tries the modern art of printing and 
has built up extensive printing estab- 
lishments in all the EJastem centers of 
population which are producing mil- 
lions of pages annually of vernacular 
literature. This includes not only the 
Bible in whole or in part, but all kinds 
of educational books, besides transla- 
tions and original productions, reli- 
gious, scientific, and literary, for the 
general enlightenment of all classes. 

This work has now made such prog- 
ress that many presses which began 
under the direction of missionaries and 
were aided with funds from the mis- 
sionary societies are now owned and 
conducted by native firms. Much of 
the publication work of the mission- 
aries themselves in some countries, like 
Japan and India, is now done entirely 
by native companies. 

But we have digressed from philo- 
logical contributions to literary output, 
which is nevertheless a part of the 
same subject. It is through tiiis ex- 
tensive output that comparative philol- 
ogy is kept up to date and that the 
rapid changes taking place in so many 
of the Extern languages are traced. 
This study is materially aided by the 
great number of vernacular periodicals 
published upon mission presses and 
forced to keep up with the modem 


Fidd Notes 


lingruistic trend in order to command 
the attention of their clientele. Edu- 
cated native scholars are now carrying 
on this work. 

The missionaries are following closely, 
as are the native scholars, the linguistic 
changes that are taking place in lan- 
guages -spoken by peoples that are 
making rapid progress in general edu- 
cation, like the Bulgarian, the Arme- 
nian, and Turkish, some of the lan- 
guages of India, the Chinese, and the 
Japanese. It is the business of the 
missionary to keep close watch of all 
literary changes in order that he may 
put his message into such form that it 
will command respectful hearing. 

If it were possible to bring together 
in one place samples of all the gram- 
mars, dictionaries, hymn books. Bibles, 
schoolbooks, and works of general lit- 
erature of every kind and from all 
parts of the world which have been 
written or translated during the last 
century by missionaries or under their 

supervision, it would make one of the 
most complete exhibits of the languages 
and dialects spoken by more than five- 
sixths of the people of the world that 
could be produced. On the other 
hand, if there could be collected all 
that has been done in this direction by 
others than missionaries, or by those 
working with them, we would find but 
a meager exhibit ; showing conclusively 
how indebted we have been and yet are 
to the missionaries for their persistent, 
scholarly, and accurate endeavors along 
philological and literary lines. While 
the work in this respect has been un- 
questionably missionary, it has at the 
same time been highly scientific ; and 
while it has contributed directly to 
the success of missionary work, it has 
added enormously to the philological 
knowledge of the world. 

The results of this labor are now 
available for the church to employ in 
reaching the intellects as well as the 
hearts of the people of the East. 


Betnniiiir to Hi* Field 

(Western Turkey Field) 

Rev. G. E. White, of Anatolia Col- 
lege, Marsovan, in expressing his pleas- 
ure at being back in Marsovan and 
busy at the familiar work once more, 
remarks the more prosperous condition 
of the community : schools are fully at- 
tended; hospital filled to its utmost; 
new library and gymnasium buildings, 
pictured in a recent Missionary Her- 
ald, are progressing ; the spirit of en- 
terprise and independence is growing 
among the people in the new times; 
good crops have made bread cheap and 
work abundant. The horizon so stormy 
in Macedonia is not, however, altogether 
clear in Anatolia. 

Dr. White's furlough in America 
gave him his last visit with his father, 
who passed from earth the very month 
his son returned to Turkey. Himself 
a missionary of the Board from 185&-63, 
Rev. G. H. White withdrew because of 

broken health, and ever maintained his 
love for the missionary work and for 
the American Board, to which he gave 
generously of his sympathy and of his 
means. The son counts it. a privilege 
to carry on in Turkey the work which 
was his father's first love in his youth. 

From Madrid to Barodona 

(Spaniah Field) 

The transfer of the Board's station 
from Madrid to Barcelona last summer 
was a task of considerable magnitude, 
as Mr. Gulick indicates, especially as 
it fell upon just the time of the closing 
examinations of the academic year. 
The lease of the rented houses in Ma- 
drid then expired, and the work of sort- 
ing, packing, and shippifig the goods 
had to be carried on while the official 
examinations in the Government Insti- 
tute were in progress. And straight- 
way at the other end of the line came 
the difficulties, turmoil, and fatigue 


The lioaaes of th« tranaplantad aehool are hidden amonff the trees at the extreme riffht 
backffroond of the picture 

of receiving at Barcelona twenty car- 
loads of household goods, carting them 
two miles from the railway station^ 
and then unpacking and distributing 
them in the remodeled houses in the 
new establishment, where masons, car- 
penters, blacksmiths, electricians, and 
other laborers had not quite completed 
their work. For the safe and success- 
ful completion of this removal, whereby 
a family of fifty souls was transferred 
to different conditions in a strange city, 
Mr. Gulick praises the able and ener- 
getic women conducting the school, 
upon whom the burden fell, as he was 
then busy in supervising the workmen 
on the Memorial Hall at Madrid. 

Mr. Gulick is much pleased with the 
new establishment, "four middle-sized 
houses in a continuous row, situated in 
one of the most attractive suburbs of 
the city and on ground so elevated that 
from the heights, within easy reach of 
the houses, the entire city of Barce- 
lona lies below, bounded by the Medi- 
terranean Sea extending to the eastern 
horizon. '* 

The arrival of Miss Huntington, ac- 
companied by Miss Wood and Miss 
Sweet, of the new faculty of the Inter- 
national Institute. Madrid, was wel- 
comed early in September ; later in the 
month came three other members of 


the staff. Both the institutions at Ma- 
drid and Barcelona were ready in time 
to commence the academic work of the 
new year. 

Aa Onrflewlaff Hospital 

{WwUm TWAey PUUCi 

The annual report of the Sivas hos- 
pital for 1909-10 reveals a bu?y year. 
Altogether about two thousand persons 
were seen in clinics, some a number 
of times. There are recorded 195 inpa- 
tients and 5,977 out-patients, and this 
notwithstanding the absence of Dr. 
Clark on furlough during the latter part 
of the year. The hospital is now in the 
care of a prominent Armenian physician. 
Dr. Karekin Sewney. The majority of 
the patients were Armenians and Turks, 
a small percentage being Greeks, 
Kurds, and Circassians. The clinics 
this year have been larger than ever 
before and the staff of workers has 
done excellent service. All of them 
are earnest Christians and influence 
the patients not only by their words, 
but by their lives and the loving serv- 
ice they render those who come to the 
hospital for care. Prayers are held 
with the patients night and morning, 
two or more of the schoolgirls coming 
in each morning to help with the sing- 
ing. Singing services and Bible read- 


Fidd Notes 


ings are held on Sunday, and it is 
noticeable that the Moslem patients 
always seem willing to listen to the 
gospel reading and look forward to 
prayers. When, owing to great pres- 
sure of work, evening prayers have 
been omitted a few times during the 
year, they have always asked the reason 
for the change. 

Miss Cole, the head nurse who for- 
wards this report, voices the crying 
want of a hospital: **The greatest 
need at present is a separate building 
for clinics. You know the hospital was 
built for a missionary residence, and 
while it is a good-sized building for 
such purposes, it is crowded now. At 
present we are using the only available 
place in the building, the upper hall, 
as a waiting room for clinic patients. 
As all the rooms for the women open 
into this hall, and as all kinds of cases 
are brought in for the doctor to look 
at, you can well imagine how ill-suited 
it is to such a use. It is hard also to 
keep clinic patients from wandering 

into the wards and over other parts of 
the hospital." 

The Erickcons Betam to ElbMan 

(European Turkey Field) 

As a result of representations by the 
Department of State, Washington, to 
the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Con- 
stantinople, after consultation with Mr. 
Peet and the deliberations of the con- 
ference held during Secretary Patton's 
visit to Constantinople, Mr. Erickson's 
return to Elbasan has been authorized 
with the understanding that his route 
be carefully marked out, so that the 
Turkish authorities shall know ex- 
actly where he will be, day by day, 
on his journey. Mr. Erickson planned 
to return to Monastir to spend Christ- 
mas with his family there, and upon 
return from Geneva, where he was to 
go at New Year's to put his eldest son 
in school, to proceed from Trieste to 
Elbasan via Durazzo, after securing 
building materials for the new house. 

The government has declared in re- 

Takinff an airinfl: with their dolls 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 


FH£ld Notes 


gard to both the Kennedys and the 
EIricksons that they entertain noth- 
ing: against the character of either of 
these families and have no charges 
against them such as that they have 
committed disloyal acts. These assur- 
ances are valued and will help to 
tighten the Board's grip on the situa- 
tion both in Kortcha and Elbasan. 

Four AaaircnariM in J ^ui 

(Japan Field) 

The November issue of the Mission 
News reports four anniversary gather- 
ings in different parts of Japan. The 
annual meeting of the Kumi-ai churches 
had been held in Kobe, with ninety-nine 
delegates, lay and clerical, and fifty-four 
corresponding members. The burning 
question was the evangelization of Ko- 
rea; next in interest was the subject 
of church union. It was voted to invite 
other denominations to confer with the 
Kumi-ai body as to organic union. Re- 
lations between the Kumi-ai churches 
and the mission are delightful ; one mis- 
sionary was among the delegates, others 
were invited to take part in the exer- 
cises. Kumi-ai Christians are increas- 
ingly ready to co-operate cordially with 
the mission. 

The thirtieth anniversary of the 
Woman's Evangelical School at Kobe 
followed immediately the closing of 
this annual meeting and continued for 
six days. Twenty-seven graduates re- 
turned for the reunion, two coming 
from Korea. The days were filled with 
lectures and addresses from such emi- 
nent Christian leaders of Japan as 
Ebina, Kozaki, and Miyagawa, together 
with several of the missionaries. The 
school was begun by Miss Dudley in 
1880, in a rented house, with six women 
in the class. The main school building 
was built in 1887, and replaced by the 
present building in 1908. It was found 
that of the living sixty-seven graduates, 
forty-five remain in some form of Chris- 
tian work, many of them as pastors' 

Okayama Church celebrated its thir- 
tieth anniversary October 6; at the 
same time came the opening of the new 

Sunday school building, erected chiefly 
by the women. This church stands first 
this year in the Kumi-ai body for its 
increase, having had over two hundred 

The twentieth anniversary of the be- 
ginning of Christian charitable work in 
Hanabatake, in the slums of Okayama, 
was marked, October 15 (somewhat 
ahead of time), with a dedication of 
the new building for a di^ nursery. 
This work has taken a new name, 
Okayama Hakuai-kai, which marks 
the widening of its effort, to serve not 
only the people of the neighborhood, 
but all who may need its aid. This 
settlement work has a marvelous rec- 
ord, beginning with the giving of pic- 
ture papers to children even while they 
were throwing mud in the face of the 
ketojin (hairy foreigner) . It has grown 
into the institution of today, with its 
evangelistic work, primary school, sew- 
ing school, free bath, dispensary, and 
home for the sick poor, and, the last 
addition, the day nursery. Starting 
with nothing, it now owns its present 
large plot of land, valued at over 7,000 
yen ($3,500), and is free from debt. 

A New Hooae of Ifavcj 
{EoMtem Turkey Field) 

Dr. Atkinson reports with joy the 
opening of the Annie Tracy Riggs 
Memorial Hospital at Mezereh, below 
Harpoot. The formal dedication was 
held Sunday, October 23; the follow- 
ing Friday was the opening day. At 
the dedication, which was a religious 
service, all of the churches were in- 
vited to send representatives as well 
as the various communities. The at- 
tendance was so great, 1,500 being 
present, that the service had to be held 
out of doors. It was estimated that 
fully two thousand visited the hospital. 
The exercises of the opening day were 
intended more especially for the offi- 
cials ; the Vali was present and unveiled 
the firman, handsomely framed and 
hung on the wall. The first month's 
record shows thirty patients received 
and fifteen operations. Dr. Atkinson 
wishes he could report that the hospi- 



On the steps are arrouped government officials with Dr. Atkinson ; the governor stands beside 

the American Consul, whose silk hat is conspicuous amonsr the fezzes. On the 

upper piazza are Mrs. Atkinson and children. Miss Jackson, 

and the native nurses 

tal was completed without any deficit, 
but in spite of best efforts there has 
been some falling: behind in both the 
building fund and the equipment. An- 
other strong effort will be necessary to 
free the hospital of all debt. 

Wanted! A House 

(Rhode^ian Field) 

Mr. King, now transferred from Mt. 
Silinda to Chikore, writes of the urgent 

need of another missionary house there. 
He pleads that the Rhodesian Branch 
has never been fairly equipped with 
homes for its missionaries. How can 
they work without — not proper houses 
to live in, but without any ? The Kings 
are now living in an inadequate house, 
where many of their own goods as well 
as all of the Wilders' have to be stored. 
A new family for Chikore has been 
authorized, and is expected to an5i|^ 



Field Notes 


in April, but ''where is the hxmse?" 
The industrial department has made 
125,000 bricks and 115,000 tiles for the 
needed building. So the station feels 
it has done its part and must look to 
the supporters in America for the 
funds required for the building. Mr. 
King wonders if some one will not be 
moved to send the sum of $2,500 for 
this imperative need. He counsels the 
editor thus: **l could have pictured 
the dangers attended by lying in the 
open veldt, from mosquitoes, leopards, 
and lions; possibly from being turned 
violently out of bed some morning by a 
buffalo, for some are around here now. 
If you can make it pull more at the 
heartstrings by reciting a few of these 
incidents, do so." 

By this time it is to be hoped the 
Rhodesian Mission has learned of the 
recent action of the Prudential Com- 
mittee, which recognized the serious 
lack of dwellings there and authorized 
the building of two new missionary 
houses. Doubtless the mission will 
assign one of them to Chikore. This 
authorization was made by the (Commit- 
tee because it felt itself compelled by 
the exigencies of the case. It would 
welcome gratefully the generous gift 
above indicated ; that should cover the 
cost of at least one* of these houses and 
so relieve that strain on the Board's 

BranseliziiK the Sabi Valley 

{Rhodesian Field) 

The systematic and zealous effort of 
the Zulu evangelists and native young 
men in the schools at Chikore to con- 
duct evangelizing campaigns among the 
heathen kraals, or villages, in the popu- 
lous Sabi country to the westward, has 
been followed with interest by many 
friends in this country. They will ap- 
preciate and rejoice in the evangelists' 
account of two trips among these kraals, 
as reported by Mr. King, the mission- 
ary now in charge at Chikore. Of the 
first trip the record is, **We had 161 
persons who chose the Lord." Three 
chiefs were visited. On the second 
trip the kraals of seven chiefs were 

visited; "forty-four persons chose the 
Lord." One of the chiefs, Gora, said 
to his visitors, **I have before .this 
seen Mr. Wilder about getting a pastor 
to stay with us, but as he has gone I 
shall take the first next chance to see 
the new minister (missionary) myself." 

Sisns of Proniae 

(Ekutem Turkey Field) 

A letter from Miss Daniels, of Har- 
poot, speaks encouragingly of the reli- 
gious situation there. The spiritual- 
mindedness of Badvelli Vartan, his 


evangelistic zeal and his interest in 
the religious life of Euphrates College 
are factors of great value. There are 
evidences of a general deepening of 
religious aspiration on the part of the 
evangelical Christians. A society has 
recently been formed with a new de- 
termination to evangelize Turkey. Be- 
ginning with a membership of twenty, 
the society at a meeting in Mezereh, 
on the plain below Harpoot, listened 
to addresses from Armenian preachers 
setting forth the timeliness of the pro- 
ject and expressing the society's desire 
to support an evangelist, to publish 
tracts, and to supply churches with 
pastors. While the purpose of this 
movement is inspiring, its effort to 
unite the forces developed by the 
American and (Jerman missionaries in 
the field is hardly auspicious, inasmuch 
as some jealousies lu^e been aroused 

Digitized by VJi 


Letters from the Missions 


by the presence and methods of the 
Germans in the region. It is hoped 
that an amicable solution may soon be 
found for a situation that is causing 
distress and that fails of the wisest 
division of territory and distribution 
of forces. 

New lines of Work at Hadjin 

{Central Twrkey FMd) 

Last year Mr. Gardner, on his way 
to Hadjin, reported from Adana to the 
Missionary Herald the formal opening 
of the Government Relief Industrial 
Commission, inspired by the new Vali. 
He now reports a branch at Hadjin of 
which he is both president and treas- 
urer. A weaving plant is already in 
operation which has opened to many 
poor women a means of livelihood. 
Having also to be president of the 
Young Men's Christian Association and 
of the academy, besides directing the 
r^rular station work, Mr. Gardner 
finds a heavy demand upon his newly 
acquired Turkish speech ^^|bundant 
pressure to improve theral^r 

He has started a new venture for 

Hadjin. In going among the villages 
he was struck with the need of leaders 
in place of those who fell in the massa- 
cres of 1909. He found plenty of fine 
boys capable of filling these vacancies. 
There was urgent need of doing for 
the boys something of what the Hadjin 
High School is doing for tfie girls from 
these villages as well as in the city. 
For the Hadjin High School for Boys 
only provides for day pupils. With a 
single gift of five pounds, the promise 
of a little more and something already 
in sight, Mr. Gardner has capitalized 
his faith and taken into the academy 
thirteen boys from these villages; he 
says he is as proud of them as a royal 
parent could be of his heir, and is 
getting an immense amount of sat- 
isfaction from their progress. He 
cheerfully hopes the time may come 
when the Board can help this work 
for boys, but declares he has started 
small and means to keep on in a 
small way till something larger can 
be attempted. The venture seems to 
be essential for the progress of the 




Rev. A. W. Staub, of Taikuhsien, 
writes of a Sunday, important to him at 
least, when he preached his ** first real 
o. -non in Chinese. *' It came in con- 
nectioiA with a country trip to inspect 
four day schools in a district pbout 
twenty miles from Taikuhsien. idany 
difficulties developed in the making of 
this trip, some laughable, others alarm- 
ing, and all trying. At last the trav- 
eler reached his destination, tired and 
hungry, between eight and nine o'clock 
in the evening. Of what happened 
afterward, his own words may tell : — 

"There I was welcomed by Chih 
Chen, the promising young teacher in 
charge. He hastily prepared some 
Qiinese food, and I was glad to get to 

bed even though the school building 
where I slept was once an old family 
temple and my bed consisted of a board 
laid across two wooden horses. I was 
a little sore from riding and it was 
somewhat hard, but I managed to find 
the most comfortable spot by turning 
over again and again, and then suc- 
ceeded in getting to sleep. 

*' On the following day I walked to 
another village where we have a school, 
and the next day being Sunday I walked 
to the place where I was to preach, 
about five miles away. There were 
some forty people present and the 
service went smoothly. I had a queer 
sensation as I stood up to talk in Chi- 
nese, although the strangeness of the 
language has about worn off. On the 
way back I stopped at a temple which, 
was being dedicated. There wer^^^ 


Letters from the Missions 


crowds of people on hand, for the 
temples are always dedicated in con- 
nection with some theatrical perform- 
ance, and this was said to be a good 


one. The temple was a * Grandmother 
Temple/ where women come to peti- 
tion for male offspring. I went in and 
saw the numerous little baby idols — 
all of them male, of course. They are 
made of flour and the silly mothers 
come in and pick off a piece of the idol 
and eat it, expecting to bear a male 
child as the result. On the mountain 
side not far away I was told that there 
is another temple where women pay a 
certain amount of money to pick out 
a stone from the water. If the stone 
happens to be round the next issue 
will be male ; if flat or long it will be 
female ; and if male children are born, 
as they certainly are in some cases, the 
mothers are expected to come back to 
the temple and burn incense." 


On last Thanksgiving night, from the 
outlying town of Shang Ta, Rev. Watts 
0. Pye, of Fenchow station, wrote to 
his colleague. Dr. Percy Watson, at 
Fenchow, as follows : — 

" We ought to be thankful for this 
church and all it is doing, for the 
longer I am here the more I have been 
impressed with what has been done 
and with the influence of the church 

here. Shang Ta, I have discovered, is 
regarded by the surrounding towns 
as the place where every one belongs to 
the church. No one buys incense any 
longer and the town has had no theater 
for two years. It rebuilt a temple last 
spring, or what is called one, for the 
public affairs of the village, but left 
out the idols. So it has come to have 
the reputation that all its people belong 
to the church, though of course that is 
not the case. It is, however, the most 
nearly evangelized spot in our field. 

"There are eleven women who have 
unbound their feet during the past 
year, and nine girls between the ages 
of twelve and fifteen. That in itself is 
not a small thing. The twenty-two pu- 
pils in the boys' school comprise all but 
three of the boys of school age in the 
village. In prayer meeting last night 
nearly all of them, even though small, 
could lead in prayer, and Mr. Feng 
says the twenty-two take part by 
prayer or otherwise in the meetings 
of the chgich. Some of them are too 

small to 

ome alone after dark, so 

one good old church member, because 
he doesn't know how to read himself 
and so thinks he cannot help much, 
makes it his duty to see the little chaps 
home each evening. When any one 
speaks about it he turns it off with 
the remark, 'It's hung shih (public 



Dr. Raynolds, writing in the latter 
part of the year from Van, reports a 
new evangelistic effort then being un- 
dertaken in the city : — 

** You will be glad to know that Bad- 
velli Kavine Ablaghatian is now with 
us for an evangelistic campaign. He 
has held meetings in our church nearly 
every evening for three weeks, with 
very large audiences, one thousand and 
more while the weather was pleasant 
and the moonlight evenings continued, 
now somewhat less. A large part of 
the audience^w^r^^ from the class which 


Letters from the Missions 


has not been in the habit of attending 
our services and which knows very lit- 
tle about the way of salvation, and 
thus far the preaching has been of a 
general character, intended as educa- 
tive, or seed sowing, rather than es- 
pecially calculated for harvesting/' 


Prom a private letter of Mrs. Ray- 
nolds to friends in this country we are 
able to secure some interesting details 
of this religious awakening : — 

"Some two years ago our church 
invited Pastor Kavine, an Armenian 
evangelist whom Dr. Raynolds and I 
have known ever since we came to 
Turkey, to spend a winter working 
in Van. He could not come at that 
time, but suddenly we heard in Octo- 
ber that he had left Trebizond en 
route for Van. This is the very busiest 
time of the whole year, but as soon 
as Pastor Kavine reached here he 
began preaching services in the even- 
ing and the church was well filled. 

"No very special interest was man- 
ifest until November 6, which was 
communion Sabbath. There are two 
societies of young men in Van, one 
the Young Men's Christian Association, 
which has about sixty members, and 
while nonsectarian is still identified 
with our Protestant work and largely^ 
made up of members of our Protestant 
families. The other, called Paresera- 
gan, or Good Loving Society, is made 
up of young men who have been edu- 
cated in our schools and some of whom 
are in our employ, and the leader is 
from a Protestant family; but the 
first article of their constitution is, 
'We pledge ourselves never to unite 
with the Protestant church.' Their 
motto is, 'Temperance and Purity.' 
We have always done all we could to 
help this society and to keep it in touch 
with our work, but have felt that in 
some tilings its influence was not for 
the best. 

First Gregorians; then Evangelicals 

"On the morning of November 6 
this society en masse went to commun- 

ion at one of the Gregorian churches, 
where is a priest who, I think, is a 
member of their society, and who had 
been a constant attendant upon Pastor 
Ravine's preaching. The Spirit came 
upon that company of young men ; they 
spent six or eight hours together in 
prayer, and when they separated many 
of them, five especially, were filled 
with the Spirit and asked to be al- 
lowed to speak in the evening meeting. 

"Several of our Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association members had for a 
week been meeting to pray for the 
Spirit, and that same Sunday evening 
He came with like power upon them. 
They spent until past midnight in 
prayer and confession ; it was like the 
Day of Pentecost. Some of those young 
men from both societies neither ate nor 
slept for forty-eight hours, and when 
Dr. Ussher urged one of them, who is 
in his employ and whose hands were 
trembling, to go home and rest, he re- 
plied, 'For these two days I haven't 
known I had a body';. not long after 
he was seen out in a field praying with 
a young companion. 

"The week following, the Spirit's 
work was very evident in both schools ; 
the girls' school was one day compelled 
to suspend its regular work, as the girls 
were so constantly coming to the teach- 
ers for confession and conversation and 
prayer. One of the teachers from a 
Gregorian family, who we had hoped 
was a Christian, now made confession 
decidedly and happily. In the boys' 
school the same results were experi- 

Opposition Roused 

" Now for the other side. The devil 
is intensely active, and one great hin- 
drance he has put in our way is the 
large, restless, rowdy element which 
fills our evening services. Articles 
against the work and greatly misrep- 
resenting it are being circulated and 
posted, as well as blasphemous carica- 
tures. Last Saturday evening a crowd 
gathered outside the church, talking, 
laughing, hooting, and making all kinds 
of animal noises, until Dr. Raynol^^ 


Letters from the MisaioTis 


called the police^ when they quickly 

'* Pray for us much that this may be 
but the begimiing; that our church 
and teachers may be reached and filled 
with the Spirit ; and that these young 
converts may be kept. I feel that we 
need prayer more than anything else." 



In a report-letter from the Ing-hok 
station Rev. E. H. Smith shows how 
simply, quietly, slowly but surely the 
Christianizing of China is progressing. 
We read from time to time of the 
great and significant events that mark 
the progress; here we get a view 
of the vital operations by which the 
epochal changes are produced : — 

** Many of you are watching the stir- 
ring events taking place in China. The 
Chinese are one of the most democratic 
of peoples. The will of the people is 
the great determining factor ; even the 
mandarins bow before public opinion. 
The common people are behind, direct- 
ing and forcing on the present reforms 
in education, society, and religion. 
And how are these common people be- 
ing reached ? By the Christian church 
as by no other agency. Take, for ex- 
ample, our Ing-hok station here in 
Fukien Province, a district as large as 
Connecticut, a country district among 
most beautiful tropical mountains. Far 
up in these mountain retreats, days 
from the nearest city, are hundreds of 
villages, some with five to ten thousand 
people each, some with a few hundred. 
We are the only foreigners here and 
ours the only mission work carried on 
in the whole district. How can we 
ever hope to evangelize and enlighten 
this great multitude of people? Only 
by and through the native Christian 

The Light Bearers 

*'The boys and girls come from their 
school and college training, covering 
eight years, fitted to be efficient, true 

leaders of their people, but far above 
all else they have a spiritual vision of 
the deep, religious needs of their people. 
These young men are sent out with 
their wives into these country villages, 
where a little company of learners have 
been asking for a preacher for th^ 
people. The mission grants help for 
the preacher's salary until the little 
church is able to support him them- 
selves. That little chapel becomes the 
center of the new life in all that re- 
gion. Sunday he preaches twice. Soon 
a Christian Endeavor Society is organ- 
ized and the learners learn to testify 
and tell forth what they learned, a 
most necessary part of their training, 
for they must be the light bearers to 
their own villagers. Many a Sunday 
after the two o'clock service have I 
seen the Christians pour out of a chapel 
door, each with this Testament and 
hymn book under his arm, and start 
fdr his long walk home to his mountain 
village five, ten, or fifteen miles away. 
And on Monday night a little company 
will gather to hear him tell what the 
new foreign religion is like. So he will 
take his Testament and hymn book and 
preach to a little company of hearers. 
In a short time others from his village 
will be going with him to the chapel 
on Sundays. 

Withholding the Light 

"The preacher will visit their village 
and hold an evening service or two, 
and soon the request comes from that 
village for a preacher to live and work 
among them, since they are now ready 
to prepare a chapel and parsonage. 
These young men can walk these 
long distances over mountain roads 
to church, but there are all the aged 
and the children and all those bound- 
footed women, and they want a 
preacher and his wife to come to them. 
Over and over again we must refuse 
to take up *new work' for the lack 
of funds to help these little companies 
to support their preachers until they 
are able to do it themselves. It takes 
but fifty dollars a year to support a 
preacher and his family and keep one 


Letters from the Missums 


more chapel open in a region 
as large as a New England 
county. This refusal to 
enter new doors is our hard- 
est burden yet. For fifteen 
years the Board has been 
saying: *77i6 appropria- 
tions wiU he ike same as last 
year; no new work can he 
undertaken this year.* 

The Spreading of the Light 

"The preacher visits his 
people, walking day after 
day over mountain paths, 
preaching and selling Chris- 
tian books and Gospels in 
scores of villages ; his weekly 
and monthly magazines are 
loaned to the literati of the 
region; his books are bor- 
rowed and read; but more 
than all else, perhaps, he and 
his wife establish a Chris- 
tian home and live their 
simple, consistent lives be- 
fore the people. They min- 
ister to the sick, and erelong 
a medical practice grows up 
around each chapel. The 
wife soon receives a little 
class of neighboring women 
and teaches them to read. 
Soon, in heathen homes about, a new 
atmosphere begins to pervade the 
home life. Hymns and prayer take 
the place of the old heathen gossip too 
vile to be repeated. The lives of the 
little girl babies are spared now, and 
the growing feet are left as God made 
them and days and nights of agony 
are a thing of the past. The idols and 
the heathen worship are neglected and 
forgotten, and over the steaming bowls 
of rice three times a day a prayer of 
thanks goes up to the Giver of our 
daily bread. 

"This is where the new life in 
China originates. From these humble 
homes and Christian chapels goes forth 
an influence that is transforming the 
life of the EJast. Is it not worth while 
to heed the calls that come from these 
great villages for Christian preachers 


and teachers? Is it not worth sacrific- 
ing that another church may be estab- 
lished to be the light of an entire 
district or a great mountain valley?" 



A personal letter from Rev. Henry 
Fairbank, of Ahmednagar, to Dr. W. 
W. Ranney, of Colorado Springs, notes 
one sign of progress in the Marathi 
Mission that deserves wider publica- 
tion; it shows how steadily the re- 
sponsibility for the Christianizing of 
India is being pressed upon the people 
of that land : — 

**We have just finished our semi- 
annual meetings and also the annual 
meetings of the whole Christian com- 


Letters from the Missions 


munity connected with our mission. 
This year for the first time we had 
some joint sessions, or meetings, in 
which a certain number of our Indian 
brethren came in on equal terms with 
us and took part in discussions on vital 
subjects and voted on them with the 
missionaries themselves. The mission 
selected a definite number of leading 
Indian Christians whom they would 
like to have come in, and certain bodies 
of the Christians selected others. The 
sessions were conducted for the most 
part in Marathi, and we were all grati- 
fied at their success. The brethren 
who came in had a practical knowl- 
edge in some matters which we lacked, 
while we understood some things that 
they did not. The most interesting 
discussions were about whirt is called 
'The Jeur Committee,' and about the 
National Missionary Society. I think 
I have told you that one of the districts 
of our mission is called the Jeur Dis- 
trict. A year ago it was given over to 
a committee of Indian brethren. They 
took charge of the schools and the re- 
pairs on the houses,, and my wife had 
charge of the preachers and churches. 
They presented their report at the 
joint sessions through the chairman of 
the committee. Rev. Shahurao Modak, 
the pastor of the first church of Ahmed- 
nagar, and when he finished his report 
some one said, 'Well done,' and there 
was a little subdued clapping. They 
not only gave their report for the year, 
but they asked to be allowed to take 
the whole responsibility of the district, 
provided they were given all of the 
money allotted to the district and that 
came in voluntary contributions. This 
was given them for a period of three 
years, and the same committee was 
continued, with my wife and myself as 
advisers. They expect to get a good 
deal of money from their own people, 
and we hope they will. They certainly 
will do their best to get this money, 
and will feel that they have not done 
the work they should if they have not 
secured more from the people them- 
selves. Increase in responsibility means 
increase in energy." 

H. E. Ahmet Djemal Bey 
Governor of Adana 



A letter from Rev. W. N. Chambers, 
of Adana, dated November 18, dis- 
cusses a new educational life in that 
section of the Turkish empire : — 

"The situation here in educational 
work is very interesting. The Vali has 
an efficient group of young men in 
the educational 
department. At 
the present mo- 
ment compulsory 
education is the 
' ^ most prominent 
thought; children 
between the ages 
of seven and four- 
teen are to be in 
school, and delin- 
quents are fined. 
The consequence 
is that the schools 
are more than full. The governor told 
me an amusing story the other day. 
His wife, looking from the window, 
saw a young man dragging a ten-year- 
old boy by the arm. The boy was pull- 
ing back, struggling and crying at the 
top of his voice. A woman, evidently 
the mother, was following with a slip- 
per in her hand, and occasionally apply- 
ing the slipper to the boy's back. The 
governor's wife became quite indignant 
at such treatment. On inquiry she 
found that the family were unwilling 
to pay the fine of a dollar a week, and 
so were forcing the boy to school. 
Compulsory education is sifting down 
into the minds of the people. 

Awakening the Villages 

"Yesterday I had a good visit from 
a superintendent appointed for the vil- 
lages. He was very free in his remarks 
as to village education. In the Mosque 
schools the pupils learn to read and 
write, and are taught some things that 
have to do with religion and religious 
rites. Even so the number of those 
who are able to read and write is very 
small. The lack of school accommo- 


The Wide Field 


dation is a great handicap, as well 
as the lack of teachers. In one vil- 
lage he was exhorting the villagers to 
effort for the establishment of a proper 
school, citing Occidentals as examples, 
and how they gave very often large 
sums of money to be expended for the 


public welfare. This was one secret of 
the great progress that had been made 
in the West, while the East had re- 
mained far behind. An old woman — 
the older women^ of course veiled, may 
be present in such a company, more 
I)articularly in villages — then left the 
room. Later she returned, and hand- 
ing him a package tied up in an old 
rag said, ' I want you to use this for 
the organization of a good school in 
t^is village.' He unwound the rag 
and found five Turkish liras and two 
medgidmshs ($23.63). I pointed out 
to him that the changes they were 
endeavoring to bring about meant a 

greater revolution in educational affairs 
than was the revolution in political af- 
fairs for which they had struggled and 
suffered so much. It must, for ulti- 
mate success, have a vigorous public 
opinion behind it. To develop that sen- 
timent time is necessary. It cannot be 
done in a decade, or in two decades. 
I assured him that we would be glad to 
render any service possible to make 
that work successful. He told me of 
experiences under the old regime, de- 
tailing some of his trials and sufferings, 
and, repeating one of my sentences, 
' Infinite patience, cold-blooded contin- 
uance in well-doing, with faithful serv- 
ice and trust in God, will bring success,' 
very seriously said, * Please God we will 
find success.' 

An Era of Good Feeling 

'* Since I wrote the above, the super- 
intendent of public instruction has 
called and we have visited the girls' 
seminary together. Some of the classes 
were csJled up and tested in Turkish, 
Eiiglish, French, reading by the blind, 
physics (he had taught physics in Con- 
stantinople), and other subjects. He 
very heartily expressed his apprecia- 
tion, and thanked the ladies for what 
was being done, saying, 'You are do- 
ing our work so much better than we 
can.' He asked if there were any Mos- 
lems in the school. There is one little 
boy five years old. This boy was called 
up and patted on the head. As the 
superintendent rose to go he again 
thanked the ladies, saying, 'I will 
recommend your school and send you 
pupils from our people.' " 




The awakening in the Farther East 
is not confined to China and Japan; 
India is also stirred. It is often said 
that there can be no national spirit in a 
land whose people are so divided by 

caste and racial barriers, and that In- 
dia's ferment is altogether due to the 
discontent of the poor and the clamor 
of self-seeking agitators. It is never- 
theless apparent to those who watch 
closely and sympathetically that there 
are other, worthier and more helpful in- 
fluences at work to revolutionize India. 












The Wide Field 


Rev. F^E. Jeffery, American Board 
missionary at Pasumalai, in the Ma- 
dura district, has set forth in a re- 
cent leaflet some of these influences 
which are unmistakably transforming 
Indian life. He declares that there 
are many signs of a new nationalism ; 
Brahman orators ignoring caste now 
plead night and day for the rights of 
" our brothers in Australia or Canada," 
and South African associations are 
organized by Indians to help in estab- 
lishing civil rights for "our brothers 
in the Transvaal." 

The little, struggling school taught 
by an old man too feeble for other 
work, which has been characteristic of 
the educational life of India, is now 
giving place to national schools not 
maintained by government or by mis- 
sion boards, but founded and sup- 
ported by private individuals, and 
manned by teachers trained and quali- 
fied in accordance with modem ideas. 
And on the pages of the Indian press, 
as on the lips of Indian orators, na- 
tionalism is now the constant and 
inspiring theme. The idea of it is 
steadily gaining ground in the thought 
of the masses. 

A new industrial and commercial life 

is felt in the land. The introduction of 
machinery, while it works some tempo- 
rary and incidental hardships, is multi- 
plying the resources of the country and 
the opportunities of livelihood for the 
people. The new hand looms are restor- 
ing a market to the Indian weavers who 
had been crowded out by competition 
with Western machinery, and joint 
stock companies are being organized on 
a large scale to develop this branch of 
India's industry. In the same way the 
introduction of better farm imple- 
ments and the example of experimental 
farms in various parts of the empire 
have raised the value of farm acreage, 
in some cases 400 per cent ; the whole 
system of farming seems likely to be 
made over. New machines and tools 
are being introduced for the develop- 
ment of the ancient Indian crafts, man- 
ufacturing companies are being formed, 
foundries built and mines exploited, 
and a banking system is beginning to 
appear. By means of these changes 
the Indian, instead of being a mere con- 
sumer of Western products, is becoming 
a manufacturer and even an exporter. 
Hindustan now outdoes all Asiatic 
countries in the purchase of textile 
machinery from the West. 


Digitized by 



The Piyrif olio 


With this material advance the so- 
cial life in India is likewise experienc- 
ing a great transformation. The Brah- 
mans are coming to feel a concern for 
the condition of "the untouchables," 
as the outcaste people have been called 
by them. At a recent meeting in the 
city of Madras a Brahman chairman 
declared that he and his fellows were 
under obligations to the missionaries 
for showing them the degraded condi- 
tion of the depressed classes; there- 
upon the meeting proceeded to organize 
a society to raise money for educational 
work among them along lines similar 
to those of the missionaries. Every 
convention in India now includes in its 
program addresses on such subjects as 
"Caste, Child Marriage, Temple Danc- 
ing Girls, Interdining, the Depressed 
Classes, etc." 

And it is the same in the religious 
field as in the social ; a new note has 
been struck, as in these words of a dis- 

tinguished Hindu teacher : "The Indian 
has been accustomed to look upon his 
existence as a mere temporary and 
troublesome sojourn. He has called 
the world Maya (illusion), and his ideal 
has been to have as little to do with 
it as possible. Today a different phi- 
losophy is moving India's masses. It 
concerns itself with here and now, and 
rel^rates the hereafter to the back- 
ground." There is an unpleasant sug- 
gestion of a conmierdalized religion in 
this utterance, yet something of that 
may be welcomed as an offset to India's 
dr^Btmy mysticism. 

Mr. Jeffery regards these changes in 
Indian life and thought as due in large 
degree to the influence in the land of 
the Christian missionaries, who have 
penetrated every department of human 
activity with their inspiring message. 
The liberated spirit of the East is one 
more triumph for the gospel of Jesus 


Te Toletide 

The birth of Christ has a wonderful 
effect upon human progress and human 
thought. With his birth, "the dark 
night is ending and the dawn has be- 
gun." With his birth, the way, the 
too, the truth, or the will of God is 
being thrown, wide open for public 
travel. The British judges once held 
that this great religion formed a part 
of the unwritten law of EIngland; 
Queen Victoria told a Hindu prince 
that the best gift her empire could 
give to his was the Holy Bible; and 
very recently Governor Weeks, to- 
gether with the Hon. John W. Foster, 
has also reminded us that the founda- 
tion stone of their country is still the 
Christian faith. Ought we not to con- 
gratulate ourselves for the light and 
truth which this man, Jesus Christ, has 
given unto us? Ought we not to uti- 
lize the splendid opportunities now at 
our command to study this marvelous 
Christian civilization of America, to 
compare and to contrast it with our own 

Confucian civilization ? Let us rejoice 
in his birth and be of good cheer. A 
Merry Christmas to all ! 

EditaricU Note from The Chinese Stu- 
dents' Monthly, December, 1910. 

Beckoning Partners 

Out upon the great deep of heathen 
and other non-Christian humanity they 
[the foreign missionaries] haye launched 
forth at the bidding of him who is Mas- 
ter of all. They have let down their 
nets for a draught, and have inclosed 
such multitudes that their nets are at 
the breaking point. They are beckon- 
ing to their partners in the other ship 
to come and help them. . 

When Simon beckoned to his partners 
on the Galilee Lake and they went out 
to help him with his large draught of 
fish, both boats alike were loaded full 
when they put back to shore. So, too, 
we may be sure it will be with the 
churches at home, just in the degree 
that their response is hearty and full 


The Bookshelf 


to the beckoning of their partners in 
the foreign mission group. Let the 
crying need for added workers and 
equipment on the foreign mission fields 
be met, and it will mean not only 
greater growth of Christianity there, 
but fuller fruitfulness of Christianity 
in the churches at home. It is a law 
of human life never faiHng in its opera- 
tions. It holds as an economic princi- 
ple. When the West with its harvest 
fields beckons to the East to come and 
help with laborers and funds, the re- 
sult is increase of wealth not only for 
the West, but for the East as well. 
Both boats return full loaded to the 

It is a principle which holds especially 
in the great work for which Christ has 
given his church its place and office 
in the world. Prompt and hearty re- 
sponse to beckoning for help in the for- 
eign mission field had always been at- 
tended by new quickening and abound- 
ing in the churches at home. The 
Church of England began its foreign 
mission undertakings early in the eight- 
eenth century. And before another 
generation the Wesleyan revival was 

sweeping over Elngland, making it a 
new Christian land. Our own New 
England churches ceased from decline 
and division, got a fresh lease of spir- 
itual life, and entered a new era of 
prosperity after undertaking the for- 
eign mission enterprise and chartering 
the American Board. 

And so it surely will be in this latest 
age, when a century of foreign mission 
work has resulted in open doors every- 
where, a vast increase of missionary 
opportimity, and multiplied demand for 
equipment and support. These fishers 
of men out there in the other ship with 
breaking nets are beckoning for help. 
They are beckoning to their partners. 
They are beckoning to us in the churches 
here at home. As their partners, let us 
put out to them with our hands and 
nets. Let us not fail to do our share 
with them by offerings and prayers 
and otherwise as we may. Aiid the 
outcome will not be otherwise than it 
was of old when Simon beckoned to 
his partners in the other ship. They 
came and filled both the ships. 

From a foreign miBsionary sermon of the 
late Rev, Jamee F, Brodie, D,D. 


TIU DimoBM of China, inelodiniT Formosa and Koroa. 
By Dra. W. H. Jefferys and J. L. MazwelL With 
5 colored plates, 11 nosoffraphical plates, 860 illus- 
trations. Index, and Table of Contents. Pp. 707. 
Philadelphia. Pa. : P. Blakiston's Sons &, Co. Price, 
cloth, boards, $6.00 net 

Of the twenty-four chapters into 
which this book is divided, the first 
two are introductory, and discuss the 
modem scientific and the old empirical 
practice of China, and present an elab- 
orate and painstaking study of the 
nosography of the empire. Chapters 
III to XIII are medical and deal with 
acute infectious diseases, leprosy, beri- 
beri, protozoal and metazoal diseases, 
and those of the alimentary canal, 
liver, spleen, nervous system, and of 
children ; the opium habit, suicide, and 
diseases peculiar to China, and undif- 
ferentiated fevers. Chapters XIV to 
2ZX3I are surgical and treat of asepsis, 

antisepsis, abdominal operations, dis- 
eases of bones, joints, skin, tumors, 
genito-urinary diseases, and stone, 
syphilis, and venereal diseases, gyne- 
cology and obstetric operations, and 
diseases of the eye and ear. The last 
two chapters treat of hygiene among 
the Chinese, and hospitals and hospital 
construction in China. 

The Appendix gives certain labora- 
tory methods, very useful to those who 
are isolated, as are the majority of 
physicians in China. The work does 
not pretend to be a general text-book 
of medicine, but an attempt to treat 
in a scienti^c way of the diseases oc- 
curring among the Chinese in China, 
Formosa, and Korea. 

The numerous illustrations of bot^ilp 
medical and surgical diseases, bein^ 


Tks Bookshelf 


taken from life, give the work a spe- 
cial value to physicians having such 
diseases to treat or in teaching native 
students. Having practiced medicine 
and surgery in China for over thirty 
years, and knowing the authors well, 
I can testify to their ability and un- 
precedented success in producing the 
first scientific work dealing exclusively 
with the diseases of the Far East. 

After a century of medical work 
in China, in which the investigations, 
methods, and results have for the most 
part appeared, in a limited way, in 
the Medical Missionary, and Customs 
Medical, Reports, and the China Med- 
ical Journal, this book should be 
heartily welcomed by every physician 
in China and adjacent regions and by 
many others, especially in tropical and 
semi-tropical lands of all countries. 


The Modem Mimionmry ChaUenoe. By John P. Jones. 
New York : Fleming H. Revell Ox Price, $L60 net. 

'* The Modem Missionary Challenge " 
is indeed a challenge to the intelligence, 
the faith, and the devotion of its read- 
ers. In his previous books Dr. Jones 
has considered questions of the kingdom 
as related to India alone ; in this vol- 
ume he takes a world view. With India 
he has gained a close familiarity through 
thirty-two years of residence, travel, 
and labor there. As a thorough student 
of missionary literature, a delegate to 
the Edinburgh Missionary Conference, 
an extensive campaigner for missions 
in the United States and Canada, and 
repeatedly associated with missionaries 
of other countries, Dr. Jones has emi- 
nently qualified himself to discuss mis- 
sions in their wider aspects. 

This volume starts with the source 
and warrant of missions found in the 
Old and New Testament, in the charac- 
ter of God, the very nature of Chris- 
tianity, and in the example and command 
of Jesus Christ. From this starting point 
he treats in logical progression the New 
Conditions that enter into mission work 
today, the New Problems it Presents, 
the New Methods it Invites, the New 
Ideals it Exalts, followed by Present 
Triumphs, Forces, Task to be Accom- 

plished, closing with the Church's Re- 
sponse and the Outlook for the Future. 
The work is thoroughly done, showing 
wide and close observation and study, 
followed by conclusions growing out of 
a life service in practical missionary 
endeavor. All this gives the author the 
recognized right to speak with author- 
ity regarding the facts, methods, and 
results of missions. This Dr. Jones has 
done with his well-known clear and force- 
ful style and masterly array of data. 
This book will take its place by the side 
of the best modem volumes upon mis- 
sionary motives, methods, and results. 

J. L. B. 


Those who are following with care 
the progress of Christianity in Japan 
have leamed to anticipate each year 
"The Christian Movement in Japan," 
whose eighth annual issue appeared 
last autumn. The book is publi^ed by 
the Conference of Federated Missions, 
under the competent editorship of Dr. 
D. C. Greene, of the American Board, 
assisted by Gralen M. Fisher, of .the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

Of compact size and shape, this book 
of 675 pages is this year divided into 
two sections. The first part contains 
the addresses and papers of the Semi- 
centennial Conference in commemora- 
tion of the planting of Protestant 
Christianity in Japan, held at Tokyo in 
October, 1909. This section, which com- 
prises two-thirds of the book, furnishes 
an invaluable survey of the planting of 
Christianity in the empire and its pres- 
ent outlook, and this from the varied 
viewpoints of distinguished leaders of 
the work. The fields of evangelistic 
and pastoral work, education, publica- 
tion, and social and intellectual effects 
are successively treated. 

The second part presents the review 
of the year 1909, beginning with a 
general survey and following that hy 
reports from the various missionary 
societies and churches of all denomina- 
tions promoting Christianity in the 
empire ; there are separate discusdons 
of the year's record in the Young Men's 


The ChrorUde 


and Youn^ Women's Christian Asso- 
ciations, Temperance, Seamen's, Bible 
and Tract Societies ; obituaries of the 
missionaries who have died during the 
year, a number of appendixes contain- 
ing transcripts of important documents, 
and finally the indispensable tables of 
statistics, making up thus a compre- 
hensive handbook, to which the full 
index affords gruidance. 

Stimulated by the success of this 
publication, the missionaries in China 
have made a new attempt to report 
their work in similar fashion. The 
first issue of " The China Mission Year- 
Book' ' now comes to hand, published 
by the Chinese Literature Society, un- 
der the editorship of Dr. D. MacGil- 
livray, the able associate of Dr. Timothy 
Richard in the conduct of that society. 
The preface records the steps leading 
to this publication and promises a still 
better Year-Book for 1911. If that 
promise is fulfilled, the next volume 
will be notable indeed, for the present 
book is surprisingly successful for a 
first attempt. Beginning with a gen- 
eral survey by Dr. Arthur H. Smith, 

a characteristic and brilliant sketch, 
the two following chapters relate the 
important edicts and government 
changes and the condition of govern- 
ment schools. The remainder of the 
book (there are thirty chapters in all) 
reviews the various departments of 
mission work among all societies dur- 
ing the year past, with chapters upon 
special philanthropies, opium reforms. 
Young Men's Christian Association 
work, Greek churches, and the statis- 
tics of the Roman Catholic work in 
China. This volume also contains val- 
uable appendixes, as, for example, lists 
of new books on China, a directory of 
the missionaries, and a statistical table. 
The success and worth of these hand- 
books in presenting the missionary en- 
terprise in two empires of the Blast 
lead to the hope that erelong similar 
manuals will appear for other great 
missionary lands, such as Turkey, India, 
and Africa. Both these manuals are to 
be on sale by the Young People's Mis- 
sionary Movement, 156 Fifth Avenue, 
New York, the former at 80 cents, the 
latter at $1.00. 



January 7. From New York, Mrs. Cyril 
S. Haas, to join the Central Turkey 

January 11. From New York, Mrs. 
James P. McNaughton, returning to the 
Western Turkey Mission. 

January 11. From Boston, Rev. Fred 
C. Bunker, to join the Zulu Mission. 

Arrivals Abroad 

October 30. AtTungchow, Rev. S. Mur- 
ray Frame. 

November 16. At Marsovan, Rev. and 
Mrs. G. E. White and Miss McCoy. 

November 26. At Talas, Dr. and Mrs. 
W. S. Dodd. 

December 7. At Marash, Rev. Darwin 
S. Leavitt. 

December 17. At Okayama, Rev. and 
Mrs. James H. Pettee. 


December 14. At Pasimialai, Rev. Bur- 
leigh V. Matthews and Miss L. Pearl 


September 6. At Lintsing, a son to 
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. McCaim. 

December 23. At Tottori, a son to Rev. 
and Mrs. H. J. Bennett. 

During the Week of Prayer the custom- 
ary noonday prayer service in the Board's 
Rooms was enlarged by a slight extension 
of time and the inclusion in its company 
of fellow-workers in the other missionary 
offices of the Congpregational House. The 
devotional services of the week were led 
by Messrs. Emrich, Gutterson, Rice, Tead, 
Bridgman, and Ewing. 

No one of the Board's officersis mor^Tp 
regularly at his desk than the Treasurer^ 




His absences from the Rooms have been 
rare and brief. Therefore Mr. Wiggin is 
specially missed, as the interruption of ill- 
ness has laid him aside for a little. It is a 
pleasure to report that he is already con- 
valescent and that he expects soon to be 
at work again. He will find a hearty wel- 
come awaiting him here. 

Private letters from Secretary Patton 
accord with his published utterances. He 
is profoundly impressed with the quality 
and extent of the Board's work in Turkey. 
From Adana, he went overland to Marash : 
thence to Aintab for Christmas Day; 
thence to Beirut ; and then to India, where 
he was due to reach Lucknow for the con- 
ference, January 23. 

Life in Cilicia impresses him both by its 
charm and its chill : — 

" But, oh ! the cold ! I am nearly frozen 
stiff. They make no attempt to warm the 
rooms. It is like being in a bam. Have 
just gone through the Girls' Seminary ; not 
a fire in any room ! I am sighing for India, 
that I may there thaw out. The Cilician 
plain is wonderful for fertility and beauty. 
Do we half realize the importance of this 
region? It has a great future. I never 
have seen a finer farming country. Al- 
ready they have thirty steam plows at 
work. The Germans are here building the 
Bagdad Railroad. You ought to see the 
International Hospital; simply swarming 
with patients ! " 

Our "Children's Comer" this month 
contains a picture taken in the front yard 
of the Ostranders' home at Samokov. 
The figures are : Allen R. Ostrander, three 

years ; John Holley Ostrander, seven and 
one-half months; and "Baba," the Bul- 
garian nurse. Beyond the fence and across 
the street may be seen the spire of the 
Protestant church. A touch of pathos is 
given to the picture when it is remembered 
that soon after it was taken Baby John 
passed from earth to Him who took the 
little ones in his arms. 



88 36 

182 00 

35 00 
10 60 
10 00 


36 88 

6 70 
12 13 
72 36 
10 00 
66 00 

7 24 
7 00 

10 00 

Aubuni, Hiffh-st. Cong, ch., 70.39 ; 6th- 
st. Cong, ch., 17.96, 

Bangor, 1st Cong, ch., 130, Central Cong, 
ch., 76, Hammond Cong, ch., 76, all 
toward support of missionary, 280 ; East 
Cong, ch., 2, 2J 

Belfast, Ist Cong. ch. 

Benton Falls, Cong. ch. 

Bethel, Cong. ch. 

Bingham. Cong. ch. 

Brownfield, Cong. ch. 

Buxton, Cong. ch. 

Calais, Cong. ch. 

Deer Isle, 1st Cons. ch. 

Denmark, Cong. ch. 

Falmouth, 2d Cong. ch. 

Gorham, Cong. ch. 

Harrison, Cong. ch. 

Kennebunk, 2d Cong. ch. 

Machias, Center-st. Cong. ch. 

North Bridgton, Cong. ch. 

North Sullivan, Mrs. Mary A.Taylor, for 
work in Turkey, 

Portland, Sute-st. Cong, ch., of which 
334 for work of Rev. K. A. Hume and 
693.78 for general work, 927.78; Sea- 

men's Bethel, Aniu Castell, 120; St. 

Lawrence Cong, ch., 76, 
South Paris, 1st Cong. ch. 
Thomaston, Cong. ch. 
Waterville, Cong. ch. 
Wilton, Cong. ch. 
Woodfords, Cong. ch. 
York Village, 1st Cong. ch. 

1,122 78 

26 00 


170 00 

15 00 

190 92 

11 00-24209 30 

New Hampshire 

Alstead, 1st Cong. ch. 
Alton, Cong. ch. 
Auburn, 1st Cong. ch. 
Bartlett, Cong. ch. 
Bristol, Cong. ch. 
Charlestown, Cong. ch. 
Claremont, Cong. ch. 

2 73 
6 00 
4 00 
10 60 
18 50 
29 26 

Concord, South Cong, ch., 387.38; 1st 
Cong, ch., 95.02 ; West Cont. ch., 9.97 ; 
Mrs. James Minot, for Mindanao, iiO, ^2 82 

Dalton, Esther E. Richmond, J50, Philip 
H. Richmond, .60, for Mindanao, 

Derry Village, Rev. Lucien H. Adams, 

Dover, 1st Cong. ch. 

Epping, Cong. ch. 

Exeter. 1st Cong. ch. 

Fitzwiiliam, Cong. ch. (^ r\r\ 

Gilsumj Cong. ch.Digitized by VjOO' 

Greenville, Cong. ch. 




Hancock, Ist Cong. ch. 10 80 

HanoTcr, ch. of Christ at Dartmouth 

College, of which 112 for Sapporo, 2S0 00 
HaverhDl, 1st Cone. ch. 28 80 

Henniker, Cong. ch. 20 00 

Hollis, CoQg.^. 30 49 

Hopkinton, Cong. ch. 52 00 

Hudson, Caldwell Buttrick, 116 25 

Keene, Court-«t. Cong. ch. 104 11 

Kensington, Cong. ch. 16 00 

Kingston, Cong. ch. 13 00 

Lacooia, Cong. ch. 86 83 

Lebanon, Cong. ch. 96 00 

Lisbon. 1st Cong. ch. 13 20 

Manchester, 1st Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rer. J. P. Jones, 73 ; Franklin-st. 
Cong, ch., IJBO, 
Meriden. Cong. ch. 
Merrimac, Cong. ch. 
MOford, 1st Cong. ch. 
North Weare, Cong. ch. 
Northwood Center, Rev. W. P. Elkins, 
Peterboro, Union Cong. ch. 
Salem, Cong. ch. 
Sanbornton, Cong. ch. 
TOton, Cong. ch. 
Winchester, Cong. ch. 
L4gmcie$. — Derry Village, Mrs. Sarah 
Ko^ ^rytr, by Cassius S. Campbell 

ExV, add'l. 

Albany, Cong. ch. 18 

Bamet. Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

C. K^. Traw, 26 

Bennhigton, 2d Cong. ch. 162 

Berkshire, 2d Cong. ch. 4 

Berlin, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

John X. Nliller, 24 

Bethel, Ist Cong. ch. 6 

BraintreeM^t Cong, ch., toward support 

Dr. C. W. Young, 6 

Brandon, Cong. ch. 48 

Brattleboro, Center Cong, ch., 322 ; West 

Cong. ch.. 26.M. 347 

Chelsea, Cong, en., toward support Dr. 

C. W. Young, 30 

Derby, 1st Cong. ch. 16 

-^ • " BthCo 

ohnX. Miller, ' 10 

East Burke, Cong. ch. 16 

74 CO 


25 00 

19 60 

1 80 

1 46 


14 00 

65 23 


32 00-1,888 82 

210 89 

2.009 71 

DuxtNiry, South Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. John X. Miller, 
East Burke, Cong. ch. 
Essex Junction, Cong. ch. 77 

Fatrlee, Federated Cong, ch., 6.20; Mrs. 

S. G. Stratton,2, 7 

Hartford, 2d Cone. ch. 62 

Holland, Cong. ch. 3 

Hubbardton, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. E. A. Yarrow, 6 

Trasborg, Cong. ch. 10 

Lowell, Cong. ch. 6 

Manchester, Cong. ch. 58 

Middlebory. Cong. ch. 61 

Milton, Cong. ch. 5 

New Haven. Cong. ch. 11 

North Bennington, Cong. ch. 64 

North Craftsbury, Cone. ch. 32 

Northfield, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. John X. Milder, 66 

Orleans, Brownington and Orleans Cong. 

ch. 86 

Orwell, 1st Cong. ch. 38 

Pittsford, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

E. A. Yarrow, 21 

Randolph Center. 1st Cong, ch., toward 

support Dr. C. W. Young, 81 

Rochester, Cong. ch. 2 

Royalton, Cong. ch. 13 

Rutland, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

E. A. Yarrow, 100 

St. Johnsbory, North Cone, ch., 127.93; 

South Cong, ch., 29.13 ; l&st Cong, ch., 

Salisbury, Cong. ch. 
Springfield, Cong. ch. 
Wait^eld, Cong. ch. 
Westford, Cong, ch., for Shao-wu, 
Westminster, Cone. ch. 
Winooski, Cong. ch. 

Abington, Ist Cong. ch. 78 04 

Adams, Ist Con^. ch. 300 00 

Amesbury. Main-st. Cong, ch., 46.74; 
Union Cong. ch. , 27, 73 74 

Amherst, 1st Cong, ch., 406i^7 ; 2d Cong, 
ch., 12.40, 418 97 

Andover, South Cong, ch., 668.15; Semi- 
nary Cong, ch., 195.50 ; West Cong, ch., 
40 ; Rev. J. Phelps Taylor. 6, 898 66 

Arlington, Orthodox Cong. ch. 126 10 

Arlington Heights, Park-av. Cong. ch. 20 00 

Ashby. Cong. ch. 

Ashfield, Cong. ch. 

Athol, Cone. ch. 

Attleboro, ^ Cong. ch. 

37 00 

96 46 

72 63 

326 00 

42 00 

5 00 




10 00 

23 67 

75-1,868 24 

Auburn, Cone. ch. 
Barnstable, West Cong. ch. 
Becket, 1st Cong. ch. 
Beech wood, Cong. ch. 
Belchertown, Cong, ch., for work in Spain, 
Blackstone, Cong. ch. 
Blandford, Ist Cong. ch. 
Boston, Cone. ch. (Allston), 463.49 ; Park- 
st. Cong. ch.. 396.67; South Evan. Cong, 
ch. (W. Roxbury), 167 : Cone. ch. (Ros- 
lindale), 60; Trinity Cong. ch. (Nepon- 
set). 47 ; Boylston Cong. ch. (Jamaica 
Plain), 23.24 ; Central Cong. ch. (Dor- 
chester), 20; Winthrop Cone. ch. 
(Charlestown), 8.80; Arthur Perry. 
600, 1,666 20 

Boxboro, Cong. ch. 7 00 

Boxford, West Cong. ch. 3 00 

Braintree, 1st Cong. ch. 39 61 

Brideewater, Central-sq. Cong. ch. 83 72 

Broocton, South Cone, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. H. P. Perkins, 460; WendeU- 
av. Cong, ch., 60 ; 1st Coog. ch. ,25, 525 00 
Brookfield, Cone. ch. 13 56 

Brookline, Leyden Cong. ch. 80 00 

Cambridge, North Cong, ch., 570; 1st 

Cong, ch., 323 : F. L. F., 2, 895 00 

Carlisle, Cong. ch. 27 20 

Chelsea, 1st Cong, ch., 101.88; Central 

Cong, ch., 83.32, 186 20 

Chester, 1st Cong, ch., 6; 2d, 

4.n, 9 71 

Chicopee, 3d Cong. ch. 36 05 

Clinton, Cong. ch. 82 10 

Cohasset, 2d Cong. ch. 66 48 

Conway, Cong. ch. 46 13 

Cotuit, Cong. ch. 18 80 

Cummington Village, Cong. ch. 10 86 

Dalton, Ist Cong, ch., 611.98; W. Murray 

Crane, 200, 811 98 

Dennis, Union Cong. ch. 11 60 

Douglas, East Cone. ch. 77 24 

Dudley, Ist Cong. ch. 40 00 

Easthampton, Payson Cong, ch., 83; 1st 

Cong, ch., 34.47, 117 47 

Edgartown, Cong. ch. 8 75 

Egremont, South Cong. ch. 6 04 

Enfield, Cong. ch. 110 46 

Everett, Mystic Side Cone, ch., of which 
18 from the Misses Hale, for native 
worker, care Rev. W. P. Elwood, 60 17 

Fall River, 1st Cong, ch., of which 600 to- 
ward support Rev. E. H. Smith, 840; 
Central Cong. ch. , 270, 1,110 00 

Fahnouth, East Cong. ch. 4 00 

Farley, Union Cong. ch. 6 00 

Fisherville, Union Cone, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. E. C. Partridge, 36 08 
Fitchburg, Calvinistic Cong, ch., 107.29 ; 

Finnish Cong, ch., 8, 115 29 

Foxboro. Bethany Oirtho. Cong. ch. 84 69 

Framingnam, Plymouth Cong. ch. 49 57 

Freetown, Assonet Cong. ch. 14 00 

Gardner, 1st Cong. ch. , toward support 

Rev. Geo. H. Hubbard, 267 80 

Gilbertville, Trin. Cone. ch. 60 18 

Gloucester, Magnolia Cong. ch. 62 00 

Granby, Cong. ch. of Christ, 16 99 

Great Barrineton, 1st Cong. ch. 380 00 

Hadley, 1st Cong. ch. 20 46 

Hamilton, Cong. ch. 10 58 

Hanson. 1st Cong. ch. §^6t 

Haverhill, Union Cong, ch, 

Digitized b/lSOOgle 




Haydenville, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. C. T. Riffgs, 4 09 

Holbrook. Winthrop Cong. ch. 1 42 

Holden, Cong. ch. 30 61 

Holliston, Ist Cong. ch. 75 24 

Holyoke, 2d Cong. ch. 268 96 

Ipswich, South Cong. ch..lOO; Linebrook 

Cong, ch., 7.80, 107 80 

Islington, Cong. ch. 1 00 

Lancaster, Cong. ch. 42 

Lawrence, Lawrence-st. Cong, ch., 96.07 ; 

Trinity Cong, ch., 8.80, 104 87 

Lenox, Cong. ch. 69 01 

Leominster, Ortho. Cone, ch., of which 1 
from friend, 107 JS6 ; Francis A. Whit- 
ney, 15, 122 66 
Lexington, Hancock Cong. ch. 221 63 
Longmeadow, 1st Cong, ch., Benev. 

Asso., for work of Dr. G. C. Ravnolds, 186 36 
Lowell, Kirk-st. Cong, ch., 303 ; Ist Trin. 
Cong, ch., 171.67 ; 1st Cong, ch., 162.74 ; 
Eliot Cong, ch., 186.74; Pawtucket 
Cong. ch.. 12.62, 865 67 

Maiden, 1st Cong, ch., 768.25; Maple- 

wood Cong, ch., 6.61, 774 86 

Mansfield, Ortho. Cong. ch. 172 08 

Marblehead, 1st Cong. ch. 58 74 

Marion, Cong. ch. 6 00 

Marlboro, Union Cong. ch. 114 90 

Marshfield Hills, 2d 'nin. Cong. ch. 15 50 

Mattapan, Village Cong. ch. 5 00 

Medway, Village Cong, ch., 22.40; 2d 

Cong, ch., 10, 32 40 

Meb-ose, Ortho. Cong. ch. 102 96 

Millers Falls, 1st Cong, ch., for Pao- 
ting-fu, of which 6 from Mrs. S. S. Saw- 
yer, and 2 from the Diokonea Sisters, 7 00 
Millis. Cong. ch. 18 00 

Mittineague, Cong. ch. 43 00 

Monson, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

H. J. Bennett, 148 48 

Myricks. Friend, 150 00 

Natick, 1st Cong. ch. 75 00 

New Bedford, North Cong. ch. 66 62 

Newton, 2d Cong, ch., 600; Eliot Cong. 

ch., 228.93, 828 93 

Newtonville. Central Cong, ch., of which 

428.02 for Shansi, 433 02 

North Adams, Cong. ch. 124 85 

Northampton, 1st Cong. ch. of Christ, 
toward support Dr. F. F. Tucker, 179.31 ; 
A. G. Jewett, 8, 187 31 

North Andover, Trin. Cong. ch. 209 00 

Northbridge, Rockdale Cong. ch. 12 00 

Northfield, East Cong, ch., for Pao- 

ting-fu, 67 47 

North Truro, Christian Union Cong. ch. 3 20 
North Wilbraharo, Grace Union Cong. ch. 17 98 
Norwood, 1st Cong. ch. 151 81 

Palmer, 2d Cong. ch. 19 50 

Pcabody, South Cong. ch. 130 61 

Phillipston, Cong. ch. 10 00 

PittsAeld, Ist Cong, ch. of Christ, toward 
support Rev. J. H. Pettee, 56.50; Pil- 
gnm Memorial Cong, ch., 82 ; South 
Cong, ch., 8.08; French Evan. Cong. 
ch.,3, 99 58 

Plymouth, ch. of Pilgrimage, 28 00 

Plympton, Cong, ch., of which 2.66 from 

Silver Lake chapel, 10 66 

Princeton, 1st Cone. ch. 101 00 

Quincy, Bethany Cong, ch., 70; Park and 

Downs Cong, ch., 15, 85 00 

Revere, 1st Cong, ch., 27 ; Trinity Cong. 

ch.,10, 37 00 

Richmond, Rev. William M. Crane, for 

Erzroom. 83 33 

Rochester, North Cong. ch. 10 00 

Rockland, Cone. ch. 26 20 

Royalston, 1st Cong. ch. 24 50 

Rutland, 1st Cong. ch. 8 00 

Saxonville, Edwards Cong. ch. 13 50 

Sharon, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

W. H. Saunders. 46 60 

Shelburne, 1st Cong. ch. 6 50 

Shelbume Falls, Cone, ch., of which 106 
to const. Walter E. Kinsman. H. M., 
and 30 from Rev. John A. Hawley, for 
Pao-ting-fu, 135 00 

Shirley, Cong. ch. 10 00 

S(Mnerset, Cong. ch. 8 27 

SomerviUe, West Cong, ch., 26.46; 1st 
Cong, ch., 25JBS; Winter Hill Cong. 
ch.,6.67. 68 

South Framingham, Grace Cone, ch., to- 
ward support Rev. R. S. M. Emrich, 79 
South Hadley, Cong. ch. 21 

South Hadley Falls, Cong. ch. 66 

South Weymouth, Old South Cong. ch. 82 
South WiUiarostown, 2d Cong. ch. 3 

Springfield, 1st ch. of Christ, tovrard sup- 
pon Dr. C. D. Ussher, 122.10; Hope 
Cong, ch., toward support Rev. B. v. 
Mathews. 60.73 ; Faith Cong, ch., 31.01 ; 
Memorial Cong, ch., 7.26, 221 

Sterling. Cong. di. 12 

Stockbridge, fst Cong. ch. 64 

Sturbridge, Cong. ch. 1 

Sunderland, Cone. ch. 131 

Swampscott, Ist Cong. ch. 30 

Taunton, Trin. Cong, ch., 159.25; East 

Cone, ch., for Aruppukottai, 1, 160 

Tempfcton, Trin. Cong. ch. 6 

Tewksbury, 1st Cong. ch. 16 

Thorndike. 1st Cong. ch. 23 

Tolland, Cong. ch. 2 

Upton, 1st Cone. ch. 18 

Uxbridge, 1st Cong, ch., of which 25 to- 
ward support Mr. G. M. Newell, 45 
Wakefield, Cong. ch. 37 
Walpole, 2d Cong, ch., 120; East Cong. 
• •* 123 







War^ rfill, Cong. ch. 

Ware, East Cong. ch. 

Wellesley, Cong. ch. 

Wellesley Hills, 1st Cone. ch. 

Wendell, Cong, ch., for Pao-ting-fu, 

West Boylston. 1st Cong. ch. 

Westfield, Ist Cone. ch. 

Westminster, 1st Con^. ch. 

Westport. Pacific Union Cong. ch. 

West Tisbury, Cong. ch. 10 

Whately, Cone. ch. 15 

Whitinsville, Rev. John R. Thurston, 44 

Wilmington, Cong. ch. 29 

Winchendon, North Cong. ch. 82 

Windsor, 1st Cong. ch. 6 

Winthrop, Union Cone. ch. 22 

Wobum, 1st Cong, di., 800; Montvale 

Cong, ch., 3. 808 

Worcester, Pilgrim Cong. ch.. 161.66; 

Union Cong. ch.. 72.^; Old South 

Cone, ch., 62JS6 ; Adams-sq. Cone, ch., 

60; Park Cong, ch., 18J20; Hope Cone. 

ch., 15; Lake View Cong, ch., 15; ch. 

of the Covenant, 9.88 ; C. E. Hunt, 20, 425 
Worthineton, Cone. ch. 16 
Yarmouth, Cong. ch. 6 
, Andover and Bradford Commit- 
tees, balance Pilgrimage Funds, 186 

, December 13, Fnend, 20 

, B. 10 

L^gacits. — Ayer, Mrs. Lydia R. Hud- 
son, by Mrs. Mary B. Nutting, Adm'x, 
add'l, 65 68 

Boston, Betsey R. Lane, by Frank H. 
Wiggin, Trustee, addl, 40 00 

Haverhill, James H. Carleton, by Henry 
S. Howe and Chas. D. Porter, 
Trustees, add'l, 600 00 

Hvde Park, John R. Fairbanks, by 
Chas. G. Chick, Ex'r, 316 86 

Watertown, Edward D. Kimball, add'l, 17 70 

Worcester, Charlotte S. Goodnow, by 
Luther Conant, Ex'r, add'l, less ex- 
penses, 2,461 24—3,390 87 

28,884 27 
Rhode Island 

Barrington, Cong. ch. 10 00 

East Providence, United Cone. ch. 9 86 

Newport, United Cone, ch., 63.70; Mar- 
garet K. Chapin, for Mindanao, .60, 64 20 
Pawtucket, 1st Cong. ch. 328 68 

Peacedalc, Cong, ch., 269.24; R. G. Haz- 
ard. 250, 619 24 
Providence. Pilgrim Cong, ch., 23.66; 

Union Cone, ch., 15.78, 89 48 

Riverpoint, Cong. ch. 80 00 

Westerly. Pawcatuck Cong. ch. ^ ^ 63 89 

Woonsocket, Globe Cong. ch. \^,00^^ 00—1,121 29 


00-20.49S 40 




T«aBff Peopte's SodttiM 

Maine. — Portland, State-«t. Guild, for work of 
Rev. R. A. Hume, 

Kbw Hampshirb. — MUford, Y. P. S. C. E., 
5 ; Sanbomton. Y. P. S. C E., of which 22.48 
from Mission Band, 29.99, 

VwiMONT. — North Craftsbury, Y. P. S. C. E., 
1 ; Royalton, Y. P. S. C. E., 2J», 

Massachusbtts. — Boston, Central Y. P. S. 
C. E. (Dorchester), for Shao-wu, 90 ; Cam- 
bridge, Little Pilsrim Mission Circle, for 
Mindanao, 4 60 ; Charlemont. 1st Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Pao-ting-fu, 30; Dudley, 1st Y. P. S. 
C. E., for Ing-hok.5; Easthampton, 1st Y. P. 
S. C. E., for Sholapur, 5 ; Evereu, Mystic 
Side Y. P. S. C. E., for Adana, 10 ; do.. Tun. 
Y. P. S. C. E., for native worker, care Rev. 
W. P. Elwood, 3; Harvard, Y. P. S. C. E., 
10; Lowell, 1st V. P. S. C. E., for nativ6 

Eacher, care Rev. W. P. Elwood, 30; do., 
wtucket Y. P. S. C. E., 16 ; Newburyport, 
Belleville Y. P. S. C. E., 4.76; Northbridge, 
Rockdale Y. P. S. C. E.,4; Plympton, Silver 
Lake Y. P. S. C. E., 2JS0; Somerville, Broad- 
way Y. P. S. C. E.,50; South Hadley, Y. P. 
S. C. E., for Sholapur, 15 ; Stockbridge, Y. P. 
S. C. E.. for Ing-hok, 6 ; Sturbridge, Y. P. 9. 
C. E., 6; Taunton, East Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Aruppukottai, 4; Walpole. Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Sholapur, 30; Wellesley, Dana Hall, 
19.75; Winchester HJjjhlands, 2d Y. P. S. C. 
£., for Ing-hok, 30; Worcester, Pilgrim Y. P. 
S. C. E., lor Mt. Silinda, 30; do., Hope Y. 
P. S. a E., for Ing-hok, 18, 

Sunday Schools 

Mainb. — Bath, Winter-st. Cong. Sab. sch., 45; 
Portland, State-st. Cong. Sab. sch., for work 
of Rev. R. A. Hume, 2a; Warren, Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 1.60: Wettbrook, Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 15.02, 

Nbw Hampshire. — Bennington, Cone. Sab. 
sch. , for Mindanao, 15 ; Concord, South Cong. 
Sab. sch., 3.79; Greenland. Cong. Sab. sch., 
21.66; Manchester, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., to- 
ward support Rev. J. P. Jones, 33.61 ; San- 
bomton, Cong. Sab. sch., 8.78, 

Vkrmont. — • Bamet, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 11.67; Bennington, 2d Cong. Sab. sch., 
10; Burlington, 1st Cong. Sab. sen., for Min- 
danao, 55.87; Higheate, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 1.50: uasbure. Cone. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, of which iMJ from nriend, 6.76 ; 
Island Pond, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
6; Ludlow, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
4.10; New Haven, Cong. Sab. sch.. 4.66; 
North Bennington, Cong. Sab. sch., 10; St. 
Johnsbury, South Cone. Sab. sch., 14.55, 

Massachusbtts. — Andover, South Cong. Sab. 
sch., Intermediate Dept., 6; Athol, Cong. 
Satb. sch., for Mindanao, 47.85 ; Attleboro, 
8d Cong. Sab. sch. , 85.84 ; Berkley, Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 12; Boston, Boyls- 
ton Coo^. Sab. sch. (Jamaica Plain), for Min- 
danao, 30; do., Pilgrmi Cong. Sab. sch. (Dor- 
chester), 17; do., Phillips Cong. Sab. sch. 
(Sooth Boston), for Minoanao, lo; do., Iro- 
manuel-Walnut-av. Cong. Sab. sch., 10; Cen- 
tral Cong. Sab. sch. (Dorchester), for Min- 
danao, Off which 5 hom Mack P. Storm's 
class, 14.10; Braintree, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 
34.38; Brockton, South Cong. Sab. sch., to- 
ward support Rev. H. P. Perkins, 47; do., 
Porter Cong. Sab. sch., 12 ; Cambridge, Pil- 
enm Cong. Sab. sch. . for Mindanao, 65.85 ; 
Oiester, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
2.60; do.. 2d Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao. 
1.60; Chnton, 1st Cone. Sab. sch., toward 
B u ppor t Rev. J. S. Chandler, of which 20 from 
ckus of E. C. Smith, 46; East Longmeadow, 
1st Cong. Sab. sch., 8.37; Edeartown, Cong. 
Sab. sch., 10; Everett, Mystic Side Cone. 
Sab. sch., for native worker, care Rev. W. P. 
Elwood, of which 2 from Miss Maxfield's 
class, and 1 from Harold Maxfield's class, 8; 
Fitchburg, RoUstone Ck>ne. Sab. sch., 6.79 ; 
Franklin, Ist Cong. Sab. sen., for Mindanao, 
of which 2.25 from Prim. Dept., 32.28 ; Haver- 

18 00 

34 99 

416 99 


125 10 

hill. Riverside Memorial Cone. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao. 30.75; do.. West Cong. Sab. sch., 
16.04 ; Holliston, 1st (Jone. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 15 JO; Holyoke,^ Cong . Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao. 5 ; Lawrence, South C^ong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 13.80; Littleton, Ortho- 
dox Cong. Sab. sch., Home Dept., 2 ; Lone- 
meadow, Cong. Sab. sch., for work of Dr. G. 
C. Raynolds, 60: Lowell, Pawtucket Cone. 
Sab. sch., toward support Mrs. Mary Fav- 
bank, 37.60 ; do., HighUnd Cong. Sab. sch.. 
Jun. Dept., for Mindanao, JSO; Lynn, Central 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao. 12.32 ; Matta- 
poisett, Cone. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 16; 
Millbury, 2a Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
1 ; Milton, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
27.47 ; New Bedford, Trin. Cong. Sab. sch., 
10.90: Newton Hiehlands, Cong. Sab. sch., 
of which 3.92 from Jun. Dept., for Mindanao, 
13.24; Norwood. 1st Cone. Sab. sch., 42.21 ; 
Petersham, North Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 8.86; (^incy, Bethany Cong. Sab. 
sch., of which 15 from Bible class, 46 ; Rich- 
mond, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 4 ; 
Sharon, Cone. Sab. sch., 10; Springfield, 
South Cong. Sab. sch., Miss Pierce's class, fw 
Mindanao, 1; Taunton, Union Cone. Sab. 
sch., 6 ; Waverley, Cong. Sab. sch.. Tor Mt. 
Silinda, 16; Wellesley, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, .25 ; Wellesley Hills, 1st Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 26.15; Worcester, 
Pilgrim Cong. Sab. sch.. for Mindanao, 7.50, 
Rhodb Island. — Central Falls, Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 20.89; Kingston, Cong. 
Sab. sch., 10; Providence, Free Evan. Cone. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 14.25; do.. Benefi- 
cent Cong. Sab. sch., Class of boys, for Min- 
danao, .50; Saylesville.lSa vies Memorial Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 8.96, 


871 92 

64 60 
1,218 97 


Baltic, Gertrude and Louise Ladd, for 

Mindanao, 1 00 

Berlin, 2d Cong. ch. 76 63 

Bloomfield, Cong. ch. 60 00 

Bridgeport, Olivet Cone, ch., 25; 2d 

Cong, ch., 10; lulian Cong, ch., 1, 36 00 
Bristol, Cong. ch. 181 00 

Broad Brook, Cone. ch. 15 37 

Brooklyn, Cong. ch. 31 00 

Canaan, Pilgrim C^ne. ch. 61 38 

Centerbrook, Cone. en. 5 66 

Cheshire, Cong. ch. 42 20 

Chester, C^ng. ch. 32 50 

Clinton, Cone, ch., for Madura, 49 87 

Collinsville. Cong. ch. 26 00 

Cromwell, Cong. ch. 80 66 

Danbury, 1st Cong. ch. 94 48 

Danielson, Westfield Cong. ch. 19 64 

Dayville, Cong, ch.. Chin B. Stokes, 6 00 

Derby, 1st Cone. ch. 32 42 

East Canaan, Cong. ch. 62 61 

East Granby, Cong. ch. 5 00 

East Haven, Cong. ch. 22 00 

Falb Village, Cong. ch. 32 00 

Glastonbury, 1st ch. of Christ, 123 75 

Goshen, Cong. ch. 11 25 

Green's Farms, Cong, ch., to const. Rvx, 

Charlton B. Stravbr, H. M. 63 25 

Greenwich, North Cong. ch. 20 75 

Guilford, 1st Cone. ch. 54 35 

Haddam, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Hadlvme, Cong. ch. 36 44 

Hartford, Farmington-av. Cong, ch., to- 
ward support Rev. Harold I. Gardner, 
414.26; Windsor-av. 396.57; 
1st ch. of Christ, of which 25.69 Hawes 
Fund, 370.39: 4th, 279.22; 
Park Cong, ch., 125; Zion Cong, ch., 
21.50 ; Wethersfield-av. Cong, ch., 9.50 ; 
Arthur I. Jacobs, 600, 2.116 50 

Hebron. Ist Cong. ch. 30 00 

Ivoryton, Cong. ch. 35 70 

Kent, 1st Cone. ch. 23 65 

Manchester, 2d Cong. ch. 

Madison, 1st Cong. ch. 






Mansfield, 2d Cong. ch. 6 

Middletown, Ist Cons. ch. 38 

Middlebury.Cong. ch. 13 

Milford, Ist Cong. ch. 9 

Milton^ Cone. ch. 6 

Montville, Cong. ch. 6 

Mt. Carmel, Cong. ch. 18 

New Hartford, North Cone. ch. 9 

New Haven, Dwight-pl. Cong, ch., 200; 
ch. of Redeemer, 87; Humphrey-st. 
Cong, ch., 36.60: Shelton-av. Cong, 
ch.. 2.45 ; Asher Sheldon, .36, 276 

Newineton, Cong. ch. 29 

New Milford, 1st Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. J. E. Walker. 376 
Newton, Cong. ch. 60 
Northford, Cong. ch. 20 
North Stonington, Cong. ch. 42 
Norwich, 2d Cong, ch., to const. Rbv. 

Herbert J. Wyckofp, H. M. 83 

Old Lyme, 1st Cone. ch. 90 

Plymouth, Cong. ch. 6 

Prospect, Cong. ch. 3 

Putnam, 2d Cong, ch., toward support Dr. 

H. N. Kinnear, 68 

Rocky Hill, Cong. ch. 20 

Salisbury, Cong. ch. 1 

Scotland. Cong. ch. and Soc. 31 

Sharon, 1st Cong. ch. 6 

Shelton, Cong. ch. 2 

South Britain, Cong. ch. 5 

South Canaan, Ist Cong. ch. 27 

Southington, Cong. ch. 171 
Southport, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. and Mrs. W. B. Stelle, 26 

South Windsor, 1st Cong. ch. 14 

Stonington, 1st Cong. ch. 75 

Stony Creek , ch . of Christ, 36 

Stratford, Cong. ch. 6 

Suffield, 1st Cong. ch. 11 

Thomaston, Cong. ch. 12 
Vemop Center, Cong, ch., of which 20 

from Mrs. E. P. Hammond, 21 

Wauregan, Cong. ch. 15 

West Avon, Cong. ch. 9 

Westbrook, Cong. ch. 13 

West Haven, 1st Cong. ch. 17 
West Hartford, 1st ch. of Christ, of which 

676,27 toward support Rev. H. G. Bis- 

sell, 839 

Westminster, Cong. ch. 5 

West Suffield, Cong. ch. 10 

WhitncyviUe, Cong. ch. 54 

Willimantic, 1st Cone. ch. 91 

Winchester, Cong. ch. 11 

Windsor Locks, Cong. ch. 149 

Winsted , 2d Cong. ch. 10 

Woodbridge, Cong. ch. 6 

Woodstock, 1st Cong. ch. 26 
Legacies, — Bristol, Miss Lydia Amanda 

Whiting, through Cong. ch. 

00—6,681 31 

872 72 
7,564 08 

New York 

Albany, 1st Cong. ch. 221 77 

Angola, Cong. ch. 10 80 

Baiting Hollow, Cong. ch. 32 87 

Bingham ton, East Side Cong. ch. 24 00 

Brooklyn, Tompkins-av. Cong, ch., 800; 
Flatbush Cong, ch., 172.26; Bushwick- 
av. Cong, ch., 50; Puritan Cong, ch., 
Mrs. M. Glover, 10; Mrs. Wra. G. 
Chapin, 10; Josephine L. Roberts, 6, 1,047 26 
Brooklyn Hills, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 12 00 

Buffalo, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 
Rev. C. M. Warren, 260.10; Pilgrim 
Cong, ch., 46 ; Fitch Memorial Cong. 
ch.,6, 300 10 

Camden. 1st Cong. ch. 35 00 

Canandaigua, Cong. ch. 88 86 

Copenhagen, Cong. ch. 43 00 

Danby, Cong. ch. 3 42 

Deer River, 1st Cong. ch. 2 00 

East Aurora, E. H. Jones, 5 00 

Elbridge, Cong. ch. 8 59 

Elixabcthtown, Cong. ch. 21 31 

Fairport, Cong. ch. 28 00 

Flushing, Ist Cong, ch., of which 127.60 
for Sivas, 148 73 

Fulton, Cong. ch. 6 

Greene, 1st Cong. ch. 35 

Groton, 1st Cong. ch. 32 

Henrietta, Cong. ch. 10 

Lima, Mrs. Clark Allen, 10 

Little Valley, 1st Cong. ch. 23 

Lockport, £ast-av. Cong. ch. and Sab. 

sch. 75 

Middletown, 1st Cong. ch. 27 

Mt. Sinai, Rocky Point Cong. ch. 15 

Newbureh) 1st Cong. ch. 28 

New Lebanon, Cong. di. 16 

New York, Broadway Tab. Cong, ch., 
868.62 ; Manhattan Cong, ch., to consti- 
tute, with previous donations. Miss 
Janet L. Russell, Miss Lorn a 
NiLSBN, Mrs. May Preston Slos- 
soN, Mrs. Antoinette Darwood 
Myers, Miss Elvira Grosjean, 
William W. Johnstone, Frank C. 
Starr. H. M's, 266.32; Olivet Cong, 
ch., Miss. Asso.,60 ; Bethany Cong, ch., 
25 ; L W. Baker, 100, 798 

Niagara Falls, 1st Cone. ch. 54 

Northfield. Cong, ch.,9 ; Mary E. Knapp, 

for Mindanao, JJ7, 9 

Norwood, Cong. ch. 30 

Orient, Cong. di. 16 

Oswego, Cong. ch. 16 

Oxford, 1st Cone. ch. 35 

Patchogue, 1st Cong. ch. 144 

Philadelphu^ 1st Cong. ch. 4 

Richmond Efill, Union Cong. ch. 30 

Riwhead, Sound^av. Cong. ch. 37 

Rome, Mrs. R. Jones, 1 

Salamanca, Cong. ch. 15 

Sayville, Cone. oi. 25 

Schenectady, rilgrim Cong. ch. 27 

Sidney, 1st Cong. ch. 46 

Spencerport, Cong. ch. 7 

Syracuse, Geddes Cong, ch., 8.73; Pil- 
grim Cong, ch., 8, 16 
Udca, Plymouth Cong, ch., 128.90; Be- 

thesda Welsh Cong, ch., 20, 148 

Wahon, 1st Cong. ch. - 182 

Warsaw, Cong, en., toward support Dr. 

D. Z. Sheffield, 26 
Westmoreland, Cong. ch. 13 
White Plains, Westchester Cong. di.. to- 
ward support Rev. and Mrs. T . S. Lee, 
and to constitute Rev. Arthur Osborn 
Pritchard and Rbv. Edgar T. 
Clements, H. M's, 600 
Woodhaven, 1st Cong. ch. 34 
, Friend, Central New York, 40 

Ncfw Jeraey 

Bound Brook, Cong, ch., to const. Rev. 

A. E. Shattuck, H. M. 200 00 

Chester, Cong. ch. 33 20 

Glen Ridge, Cong^ch., toward support 

Dr. Frank Van Allen, 668 00 

Grantwood, Cong. ch. 2 00 

Manasquan, Forman Bailey, 2 00 

Newark. Belleville-av. Cong, ch., 272.46; 

Lincoln Elton Thompson, 5, 277 46 

Orange, Valley Cong. ch. 99 62 

Westiield, Cong. ch. 122 65— 1 ,404 88 

00—4,664 17 


Allegheny, 1st Cong. ch. 
Braodock, 1st Cong. ch. 

7 00 
„ 1336 

Duquesne, Slovak Cone. ch. 32 00 

Ebensburg, Ist Cong. ch. 60 00 

Fountain Springs, Q)ng. ch. 2 00 

Neath, Cong. ch. 9 30 

Philadelphia, Central Cong, ch., 23.08; 

Park Cong. ch.. 10, 33 06 
Scranton, 1st Welsh Cone. ch. 5 66 
Wyalusing, Mrs. Sarah C. Adams, 28 46 '180 71 


Akron, West Cong. ch. 
Ashtabula, 2d Cong. ch. 
Bellevue, 1st Cong. ch. 
Burton, Cong. ch. 
Chester, Cong. ch. 

Chillicothc, Plymouth Cong. cfc. " ^-. ^^ ^4 00 
Digitized by VjOOy IC 

20 00 

26 00 

30 00 






Cincinnati, Walnut Hills Conf(. ch., 
224.71 ; Lawrence-st. Cong, ch., 24 ; Co- 
lumbia Cone, ch., 8, 256 71 

Cleveland, PiTgrim Conj( ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. G. D. Wilder, 600; Euclid- 
av. Cong, ch., toward support Rev. H. 
B. Newell and fanulv, 09.79 ; Hough- 
av. Conff. ch., of whtch 51.71 for Ing- 
hck, and 30 from E. E. McPeck, 81.71 ; 
Plymouth Cong, ch., 78.27 ; Denison- 
av. Cong, ch., 17.60; Archwood Cong, 
ch., 10; Emmanuel Cong, ch., 10; Glen- 
viUe Cong, ch., 8.12; Grace Cong, ch., 
5. 1,338 30 

Colombos, Eastwood Cong, ch.,20; May- 
flower Cong, ch., 20, 

Etyria, Ist Cong. ch. 

Goieva, Cong. ch. 

Grafton, Cong. ch. 

Hambden, Cong, ch, 

Hnntsborg, Cong. ch. K. 
Jefferson, 1st Cong. ch. 

E. Soc. 

40 00 
25 93 



5 00 

7 55 

50 00 

22 60 

39 41 

4 76 

81 M 

16 00 

114 40 

9 45 

Kent. Ist Cong. ch. 

Lorain, 1st Cong. c^. 

Lyme^ Cong. ch. 

Mansfield. 1st Cong. di. 

Mt. Vernon, 1st Cong. ch. 

Oberlin, 2d Cong. ch. 

Painesville, 1st Cong. ch. 

Radnor, Cong, ch., of which Ladies' Aid, 

25. 31 00 

Ridgeville Comers, Mrs. W. B. Tubbs, 1 00 
Rootstown, Cong. ch. K. E. Soc. 20 65 

5;andiisky. 1st Cong. ch. 8 90 

Toledo, Central Cong, ch., 60 J8; Wash- 

ington-«t. Cong, ch., 2BJB0; Plymouth 82 38 

TVoy, Cong. ch. 7 50 

Wavne, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Wellington, H. B. Hamlin, 10 00-2,838 66 

Lesr^'ciu. — Greenwich, Anna M. Mead, 

by C. E. Mead, Ex'r, 26 00 

2,363 66 

330 26 


Frederick, A King's Daughter, 

DIfltrict of C^lHMUa 

Washington, 1st Cong. ch. 


Atlanta, Central Coiig. ch., 78.06; Ist 

Cong, ch., 16, 93 05 
Baxley, Antioch Cong. ch. 2 00 
Rocky Hill. Cong. ch. 2 00 07 06 


Cocoanut Grove. Cong. ch. 
St. Petersburg, Cong. ch. 

6 50 
14 76 21 : 

TooBff P«opl«'s SodeCiM 

CoNNBCTicuT. — East Hampton, Y. P. S. C. 
E., toward support Mr. Geo. M. Newell, 26 ; 
Middletown, 3d Y. P. S. C. E., 6, 30 00 

Nbw Yokk. — Bingharoton, East Side Sunshine 
Soc., 6; Brooklyn, Lewis-av. Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Shao-wu, 6 ; Brookton. Y. P. S. C. E., 2 ; 
Deer River, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Norwood. 
Y. P. S. C. E., 5: Riverhead, Sound-av. Y. 
P. S. C E., 10; Sherburne, Mission class, by 
Mrs. W. A. Trow, for Mindanao, 20, 52 00 

Ohio. — Cincinnati, Columbia Y. P. S. C. E., 
6: Huntsburg, Y. P. S. C. E.,10: Lorain, 1st 
Y. P. S. C. E., 10; Radnor, Y. P. S. C. E., 
5. 30 00 

112 00 
Saaday Sckoola 

CoMNBCTicuT. — Barkhamsted,Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao. 4 ; Brookljm, Cong. Sab. sch., 
5; Canaan, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 81; Columbia, Cong. Sab. sch., 10; 
Cornwall, 1st ch. of Christ Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 44.22 ; Easton, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, lOJSO; Greenwich, 2d Cong. 
Sab. sch., 34.26 ; Haddam, Cong. Sab. sch.. 
for Mindanao, 4 ; Hartford, Warburton Chapet 

Cons;. Sab. sch., of which 27.48 for Mindanao, 
83.98^ do., Talcott-st. Cong. Sab. sch., 3.25; 
Kensington, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
13.96: Kent, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
10: Naugatuck, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 60; New 
Britain, 1st ch. of Christ Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 128.26 ; Salisbury, Cong. Sab. sch., 10 ; 
Shelton, Cone. Sab. sch., 33j66; Southport. 
Cong. Sab. sen., for Micronesia, 2; Stafford 
Spnngs, Cong. Sab. sch., 3.75; Torringford, 
Cong. Sab. sen., for Mindanao, 11.56 ; Union, 
Cong. Sab. sch., 1.30; Washington, Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 8.47; Wauresan, 
Cong. Sab. sch., 26; Wmdsor, Cong. Sab. 
sch., 10; Winsted. 2d Cong. Sab. sch., 12.84, 600 84 

Naw York. — Binghamton, East Side Cong. 
Sab. sch., 5.28; Brooklyn, South Cong. Sab. 
sch.. for Mindanao, 83i»3; do.. South Cong. 
Chapel Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 10; Camden, 
1st Cong. Sab. sch., 13; Canandaigua, Cong. 
Sab. sch., toward support Rev. L. S. Gates, 
61.04; Dunton, 1st Cong. Sab. sdi., for Min- 
danao, 24.23; Fairport, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 
14.78; Flushing, 1st Cong. Sab. sell., of which 
34.71 for Mindanao and 1 .70 from kindergarten, 
for China, 36.41 ; Gasport, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 19.50; Granville, Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 25.03; Middletown, Ist 
Cong. Sab. sch., 10; Pittsburg. Plymouth 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 6.43 ; River- 
head, Sound-av. Cong. Sab. sch., 86.39; 
Wellsville, Cong. Sab. sch., of which 30 for 
Shao-wu and 7.'^^ for Mindanao, 37.75, 382 37 

Naw Jbrsby. — Hoboken, Norwegian Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 3.60; Newark, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch., Jube Mem., of which 30.10 
for Mindanao, and 18.90 for work in Turkey, 
49; Plainfield.Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
22.19; Westfield, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 9.12, 83 81 

Pbnnsylvani A. — Sharon, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. 4 00 

Ohio. — Akron. 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 60; Cleveland, Emmanuel Cong. Sab. 
sch., 5: Elyria, Ist Cong. Sab. sch., 11; 
Huntsburg, Cong. Sab. sch., for India, 3.66; 
'Jefferson, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 16: Lorain. 
1st Cong. Sab. sch., 20; North Olmstead, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao. 46.65; Toledo, 
Central Cong. Sab. sch., for Adana. 5. 166 30 

Maryland. — Baltimore, 4th Cong. Sab. sch. 6 00 

District of Columbia. — Washington, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch. 21 60 

North Carolina.— Wilmington, Christ Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 11 00 

Florida. — St. Petersburg, Cong. Sab. sch. 28 08 

1.202 85 



Williamsburg, 1st Cong. ch. 6 00 


Memphis, 1st Cong, ch., Miss. Soc. 


Ashland, Cong. ch. 

Birminsham, Pilgrim Con^. ch. 

Midland Citv, Cliristian Hill Cong. ch. 

Mobile, 1st Cong. ch. 

, Alabama Apportionment Fund, 


Bayou Blue, Cong. ch. 85 

Hammond, 1st Cong, ch., Ladies' Miss. 

Soc. 10 00 
Indian Village, Cong. ch. 2 40 
Jennings, 1st Cong. ch. 164 00 
Kinder, Cong. ch. 7 75 185 00 


Indianapolis, Bright wood Cong. ch. 6 00 

Lima, Jane P. Williams, toward support 

Rev. R. E. Hume, 230 00 

Marion, Temple Cong. ch. 10 73 

Terre Haute, Ist Cong, rh., 39.21 ; Plvm- j 

outh Cong. ch.. 6, ^.g.^.^^^ ^y (iitrdgfe 

61 86 

3 00 
14 38 

6 00 
1 00 

7 31 30 69 






Gotebo, Rev. Peter Weidman, 1 00 

Guthrie, West Cong. ch. 12 60 

Murray, Fair Plain Schoolhouse, 2 00 
Oklahoma City, Pilgrim Cong, ch., 40; 

Harrison-av. Cong, ch., 12.50, J 62 60 

Parker. Cong. ch. 4 00 

Pond Creek, Union Cong. ch. 14 00- 


Avon, Cong. di. 12 00 

Batavia, ConA. eh. 16 00 

BeardAtftwD, Coiig. ch. 29 00 

BloomiiiKton, Cong, ch, 90 06 

Bof" en. CoT5g, ch. 68 00 

Champalgii, Isi Cong, ch*, la cortAiiiut«, 
with previnyB donations^, W. A. No\e5 
and I, O, Baker, H. Ws, 48 

Chkigo, Koith Sho« CoiiR. ch., 4ro ; 
Warrtn-av. Conf;. ch., |24.T^ i Snulh 
Cdd£. ch, , of whuh 20 from Mn. Har- 
riet John«tonf I01.44>j Univenity Cone, 
ch., I'J&.IO; lit Coug, ch., 41.22; Union 
Park Cong, ch., 33JJ7; Waveland^v. 
Cong, ch,, 15; Greeii^t\ Congn ch,, 
U.n; Wood lawn P^rk Cong, ch., 13 j 
Grace Cong, ch., H. M. YcniTiEb*fg;,10 ; 
Leavltt-fit. Con^. ch., towAra support 
Eev. H. S, Gait, 9JZ2^ Isl Evan. Lith- 
tTAii Cong, ch , 6 : Doifglai Park Cong. 
ch.,2.€S; BethcsdaCong. ch.»l, 

CreatoEs, Cf^ng. ch. 

Cri,-BUl L.ikft> Coot, rh^ 

Danville, Plymouth Cong, ch,, 

De» F lam es ' Cong, ch . 

Emington, Cong- ch, 

Evasstot] , lit Long. ch. 

Harvev, Cong, di, 

Ken nt pin, Prcsb. cJi. 

H igh I? n d ,, Cong * ch, 

Hinadsile, Cims. ch. 

Jacksonvflte^ Cong, ch 
Re*. L. J. Chri»tbr, 

Kcwanee, 1st Cong, ch, 

La£OB, Cone, ch., for Pangchwjirg, 

La Grange, lat Cunt;, th. 











^rtwvird Ry 1 1 port 

Loda, Cong. ch. 
Mendon, Cong. ch. 




Moline, Ist Cong, ch., of which 15 from 

Grace Putnam, for India, 300; 2d Cong. 

ch., 24.16, 324 15 

Morgan Park, Cong. ch. 15 00 

Naperville, Cong. ch. 31 26 

Neponset, Cong. ch. 8 00 

Oak Park, Harvard Cong, ch., of which 6 

from Woman's Benevolent Soc., for 

HadjtD, 30; North Bcrwyn Cong, ch., 

4.60, 34 50 

Odell. Cong. ch. 46 68 

Olney, tst Cong. ch. 8 26 

Pecatonica, Cong. c!i. 10 86 

Polo, Ind. Presb. ch. 17 29 

Prophetstown, Cong. ch. 25 63 

Quincy, 1st Union Cong. ch. 162 00 

Rockford. 2d Cong, ch., 146.40; Ralph 

Emerson, .60, 146 90 

Roilo, Cong. ch. 16 00 

Roseville, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Axtell, for 

two native pastors. North China, 70 00 

Sheffield, Cong. ch. 167 00 

Toulon, Cong. ch. 14 00 

Western Springs, Ist Cong. ch. 116 00 

Wheaton, Conege ch., toward support 

Rev. W. C. Cooper, 228 607-5,107 37 


Ann Arbor, 1st Cong. ch. 90 64 

Benton Harbor, 1st Cong. ch. 21 00 

Benzonia, Cong. ch. 33 75 

Cadillac, 1st Cong. ch. 136 00 

Calumet, 1st Cong. ch. 182 66 

Charlevoix, Cong. ch. 11 85 

Conklin, Cong. ch. 15 40 

Detroit, 1st Cong, ch., of which 83.47 to- 
ward support Rev. J. H. Dickson, 
126.14: Boulevard Cong, ch., 28.78, 164 92 
Grand Rapids, Park Cong, ch , toward 
support Rev. C. R. Hager, 260; 2d 

Cong. ch.. 85 ; South Cong, ch., 14.60 ; 

Rev. and Mrs. C. B. Fellows, for Arup- 

pukottai, 30, 829 60 

Grandville, Cong. ch. 6 19 

Lansing, Plymouth Cong. ch. 116 81 

Ludington , Cong. ch. 45 80 

Moline, 1st Cong. ch. 16 14 

Muskegon, 1st Cong, ch., 60 Highhind 

Park Cong. ch.. 2, 62 00 

New Haven, Cong. ch. 3 26 

Olivet, Cone. ch. 46 66 

Richmond, Cong. ch. 21 63 

Romeo, Cong, ch., of which 40 from E. B. 

Dickinson, 60 72 

Royal Oak. Geo. W. Blackmon, . 23 00 

St. Johns, 1st Cong. ch. 46 63 

St. Joseph, Cong. ch. 100 00 

Sherman, Cong. ch. 2 00 

South Haven, Cong. ch. 32 02—1,644 96 

Zr^onvrx. — Petoskey^ Mrs. Alice H. 

Chipman, by ChiUion L. Smith, Ex'r, 

addM, 94 00 


Antigo, Cong. ch. 

Arena, 3d Cong. ch. 

Baraboo, 1st Cong. ch. 

Beloit, 1st Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 
Darwin A . Leavitt, 

Clinton, Cong. ch. 

Delavan, Cong. ch. 

Eldorado, Cong. ch. 

Ellin&ton, Cong. ch. 

Fort Atkinson, Cong. ch. 

Koshkononff, Cong. ch. 

Madison, Pugrim Cong. ch. 

Mazomanie, Cong. ch. 

Merrill, Scandinavian Cong. ch. 

Milwaukee, Grand-av. Cong, ch., 125.06 ; 
Pilerim Cong, ch., 60, 

Mt. Zion, Cong. ch. 

Odanah, 1st Cone. ch. 

Orange, Cong. ch. 

Platte, Cone. ch. 

Rochester, Cong. ch. 

Sparia, 1st Cone. ch. 

Spring Valley, Cong. ch. 

Wauwatosa, Cong. ch. 

/-«*. — A mcry, Cong, ch.. Item acknowl- 
edged in November Nera/d, returned, 


1,638 96 

23 60 
26 00 

10 66 
21 00 
10 00 


26 00 

29 00 
16 87 

1 40 

175 06 





6 16 
28 06 

60 00 460 80 

482 06 

Alexandria, 1st Cong. ch. ' 
Backus, Cong. ch. 
Biwabik, 1st Cong. ch. 
Cannon Falls, 1st Cong. ch. 
Dawson, Cong. ch. 
Detroit, 1st Cong. ch. 
Edfcerton, 1st Cong. ch. 

117 00 

25 00 

26 00 
11 25 

- ^ 16 00 

Faribauh. Cong. ch. 48 60 

Glenwood, Union Cong. ch. 26 00 

Hutchinson, 1st Cong. ch. 24 00 

Mankato, Cone. ch. 11 24 

Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong. ch.,to%rard 
support Rev. A. H. Clark, 222.22; Lvn- 
dale Cong, ch., 132.78: 6th-av. Cong, 
ch., 50 ; Forest Heights Cong, ch., 80, 436 00 
Northfield, Cong, ch., toward support Dr. 

P. T. Watson. 86 86 

Preston, Friend, 10 00 

St. Paul, Plymouth Cong, ch., 94.37; 
People's Cong, ch., for Aruppuknttai, 
26 ; do. . Friendship Qub. for do., 10, 129 37 
Wabasha, Cong. ch. 7 00 

Wadena, Cong. ch. 13 00 

Waseca, Cong. ch. 12 


Allison, Cong. ch. 
Alton, Cong. ch. 
Ames, Cong. ch. 
Britt, Cong. ch. 
Castleville, Cong. ch. 
Cedar Falls, 1st Cong. ch. 
Chapin, Cong. ch. 
Charles City, Cong. ch. 


24 60 
19 17 
60 00 
43 19 
217 10 
10 66 





CUrion, Ist Cone, d)., of which 

Wanuin'8Mis8.Soc. 27 40 

Clear Lake, Ist Cong. ch. 5 79 

CorrectioQTille, Cong. ch. 4 00 

Decorah, Cong. ch. 41 00 

EarlviUe, Cone. ch. 13 46 

EarlvUle and Almoral, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Eldora, Ist Cong. ch. 11 75 
Enunetsburg, Cong, ch., of which 10 

from Woman's Miss. Soc. 40 87 

Fayette, 1st Cong. ch. 18 02 

Hampton, Cong. ch. 49 90 

Le Mars, Cong. ch. 4 67 

Ljrons, 1st Cong. ch. 10 00 

Maquoketa, Cong, ch.. Miss. Soc. 60 00 

Mason City. Ist Cong. ch. 14 80 

Monticello, Cong. ch. 161 46 

Nashua, Cong. tk. 16 00 

Perry, Cong. ch. 18 36 

Rock Rapids, Cong. ch. 30 00 

Rowan, 1st Cong. di. 36 10 

Sioux City. 1st Cong. ch. 38 70 

Spencer, Ist Cong. ch. 66 53 

Stuart, Cong. ch. 40 88 

Washu. Cong. ch. 27 00 

Webster City, Cong. ch. 30 60—1,172 86 


Cameron, 1st Cong. ch. 32 00 

St. Joseph, Tab. Cong. ch. 7 38 

St. Louis, Pilgrim Cong, ch., of which 
181.41 for West Circle, Madura, 362.82 ; 
1st Cong, ch., 261.66 ; Union Cong, ch., 

8.60, 623 08 

Sedalia, 1st Cong. ch. 47 00 700 46 

North Diikote 

Blue Grass. Ger. Cong. ch. 

20 00 

Heaton, 1st Cong. ch. 

17 60 

Hope, Cong. ch. 

30 00 

Hnrd, Cong. ch. 

1 64 

Kulm, Evan. Cong. ch. 

123 40 

Leipzig, Ger. Cong. ch. 

60 00 

Overly, Cong. ch. 


Villey City, Ist Cong. ch. 

26 86 

Wahpeton, 1st Cong. ch. 

67 40- 



Canova, Cong. ch. 21 00 

Colton, F. E. Tobie, 10 00 

Oahe, Moreau River Cong, ch.,2.27; Vir- 
gin Creek Cong, ch., 1.69 ; Upper Chey- 
enne River Cong, ch., 1.3:{; Buffalo 
Cong, ch., 1.13; Cheyenne River Cong. 
ch., 1.08 ; Lower Cheyenne River Cong. 
ch,1.01, 8 61 

Redfield, Cong, ch., Otto Johnson, 25 00 

Ree Heights, Cons. ch. 28 00 

Sioux Falls, Ger. Cong. ch. 3 00 

Vermilion, Cong. ch. 26 80 

Worthing, Cong. ch. 6 10- 

6 00 
26 00 
63 16 
10 00 
16 00 
16 00 

-126 41 

Arlington, Friend, 

Center, Cong. ch. 

Cortland, Cong. ch. 

Crete, Cong. ch. 

Genoa, Maria A. Pugsley, 

Grand Island, Cong. ch. 

Hastings. 1st Ger. Cong. ch. 

Ifidian Creek, Cone. ch. 

Lincoln. Plymouth Cow. ch.. 138 47; 

Butler-av. Cong, ch., 18.90 ; Zion Ger. 

Cong, rh.,6, 1C8 37 

Omaha, 1st Co»»e ch.. of which r6 fmm 

Palmer Findlev. for work in India, 

6iK.38 : Hillside Cong, ch., 3.73, 700 11 

Oxford. Andrew Beck, 3 00 

Plai"vi.-w. Irt Cong ch. 49 CO 

Red noi*d, Cnng. ch. 25 00 

Sntton, Ger. Cone. ch. 40 00 

Trenton, Cong, oi., for Harpoot, 40 00 

Vemdon, Cong. ch. 7 00-1,156 < 

Aikansas Chy, Pilgrim Cong, ch., Agnea 
E. Graham, for Marathi, 30 00 

Bodarc, Cong, du 4 00 

Centralia, Cong. ch. 6 00 

Douglass, Cong. ch. 18 00 

Hiawatha, Cong. ch. 36 00 

Leavenworth, 1st Cong. ch. 61 10 

Munden, John Rundus, 75 

Ottawa, 1st Cong. ch. 10 00 

Smith Center. 1st Cong. ch. 36 00 

Sterling, 1st Cong. ch. 22 00 

Thayer, Cari Hess, 6 00 
Topeka. Ist Cong, ch., Mrs. J. T. Hunt- 
ington, for native worker, care Rev, W. 

P. Elwood, 10 00 

Udall, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Wakefield, Cong. ch. 63 80 

WichiU, College Hill Cong. ch. 290 17 690 1 


Billings, 1st Cong. ch. 60 80 

Hardin, Cong. ch. 1 60 
Laurel, Cong, ch., 6 ; Ger. Cong, ch.,2.60, 7 60 

MissouU, Swed. Cong. ch. 1 


Colorado Sprinn, 1st Cong, ch., toward 
>rt Rev. ni 


2d Cong. ch. 

enry Fairbank, 166.60; 
4.30, 169 90 

Cripple Creek, 1st Cong. ch. 1 90 

Denver, City Park Cong, ch., 44 ; South 

Broadway, 11; Villa Park 

Cong, ch., 11; Globeville Ger. Cong. 

ch.,4.68; North Cong, ch., 3J}2 ; Ruth 

Rann. for Aruppukottai, 10, 84 20 
Fort Collins, Plymouth Cong. ch. 36 86 
Fountain, 1st Cong. ch. 10 00 
Greeley, Ger. Cong. ch. 55 00 
Lafayette, Ist Cong. ch. 26 60 
I^veland, Ist Ger. Cong. ch. 20 00 
Montrose, Union Cong. ch. 47 00 
New Windsor, Ger. Cong. ch. 26 00 
Paonia, Cong. ch. 16 80 492 26 

TovBC P«opl«*s SodetiM 

Arkansas. — Rogers, 1st V. P. S. C. E., for 

Indiana. — Terre Haute, Plymouth V. P. S. C. 
E., for Adana, 

Illinois. — La Grange, V. P. S. C. E., 26; 
Oak Park, Harvard Jun. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Hadjin, 6; Pecatonica, V. P. S. C. E.,6, 

Minnbsota. — Lylc, V. P. S. C. E,, for native 
worker, Ine-hok, 12.60; St. Paul, People's 
V. P. S. C.E.. for Aruppukottai, 36; do., 
Cyril V. P. S. C. E.,6; Silver Lake, Y. P. S. 
C. E., 10. 

Iowa.— Clarion, Jun. Y. P. S. C. E.,4; Dav- 
enport, Berea Y. P. S. C. E., 30; Eldora, 1st 
Y. P. S. C. E., for Aruppukottai, 7.60, 

Missouri. — Springfield, Ist Y. P. S. C. E. 

North Dakota. — Heaton, 1st Y. P. S. C. E. 

South Dakota. — Estelline. Y. P. S. C. E. 

Nbbraska.— Omaha, Ist Y. P. S. C. E., for 
work in India, 33.98 ; Vcrdon, Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Aruppukottai, 6.05 ; Weeping Water, Y. 
P. S. C. E.,10, 

10 00 

36 00 

02 60 

41 50 

1 00 

2 60 

Snndaj Schools 

Tknnbsshr. — Pleasant Hill, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 

Iliinois. — Chicago, Ropers Park Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 64 76 ; do.. South Cong. 
Sab. !u:h., for partial support of a teacher In 
India 20: do , Garfield Park Cone- Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 16.49; do., Prainrrd Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 6 : do., SnmmerdaTe 
Cong. Sab. srh., for Mindanao, 4: Clifton, 
Cong. .Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 1^: Glenview, 
Cong Sab. >»rh , for A'indanao 11.50; Men- 
don, Co^'e. Sah srh., 20 : Morton. Cong. Sah. 
sch., for Mindanao, 5: Pecatonica. Cone. Sab. 
sch.. 7.58: Stillman Valley. Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao. 10: Waukeean. 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao. 2.W: Westvill^. Cong. 
Sab. sch.. for Mindanao, 6; Wheaton, 
Wheaton CoMeee Cong. Sab. sch., for Minda- 
nao, 11.00; Wyoming, Cone. Sab. sch.,^.®, 

213 08 

16 75 




Michigan. — Grand Rapids, 2d Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 25; do., Plymouth Cong. 
Sab. 8ch., for Mindanao, 11 JK; Lawrence, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 4.63 ; Olivet, 
Cong. Sab. sch., of which 25.30 for Mindanao, 
40.80; Pleasanton, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 1, 

Wisconsin. — Delavan, Cong. Sab. sch., 2.60 ; 
Endeavor, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
13JX); Fond du Lac, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 1.50; Hillsboro. Cong. Sab. sch., 
4; Menasha, Cong. Sab. sen., for Mindanao, 
7.26; Mt. Zion, Ck>ne. Sab. sch., 1 ; Oshkosh, 
Plymouth Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
6.92; Platte, C^ng. Sab. sch., 3; Rochester, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 16; Rosen- 
dale, Cong. Sab. sch., 4.13; Trempeauleau, 
Knights of Kins Arthur, for Adana, 1.25, 

Minnesota. — Moorhead, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Iowa. — Allison, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 7.80; Charles City, Cong. Sab. sch., 
4.61 ; Eldora, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
J50; McGregor, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 4; Oskaloosa, 1st Cone- Sab. sch., of 
which 6 from Miss Boyer's class, for Min- 
danao, and 10 from Mrs. Hoover's class, 15 ; 
Otturowa, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
7.35; Salem, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 

Missouri. — St. Louis, Union Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 

Nbbkaska. — Burwell, Cnng. Sab. sch., 6.58; 
Grand Island, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
14; Lincoln. Plymouth Cong. Sab. sch., 7.81 ; 
Omaha. 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 12; Red Cloud, 
Cong. Sab. sch., 5; Weeping Water. Ist Cong. 
Sab. sch., o( which 11 from Philathea Bible 
class, for Mt. Silinda, 18.98. 

Kansas. — Jetmore, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao. 3.76 ; Kansas City, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 1 50; Topeka, Seabrook 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 5, 



, Friend, 

Reno, 1st Cong. ch. 

Boise, Cong. ch. 
Bruneau, Q>ng. ch. 
Council, Cong. ch. 
Grand View, Cong. ch. 



83 01 

61 16 
28 18 

61 26 
6 50 

64 37 

10 25 
519 8G 

500 00 

6 74 

345 00 
1 50 
10 50 

1 50 — a-w i 


Bellevue, 1st Cong. ch. 5 00 

Five Mile Prairie. Cong. ch. 10 00 

Hillyard. Cong. ch. 62 50 

Odessa, Emmaus Ger. Cong. ch. 40 00 

Penawawa, Cong. ch. 25 00 

RiUville, Immanuel Ger. Cong, ch., 64; 

1st Ger. Cong. ch. ,25, 89 00 

Seattle, Bayview Cong, ch., 3J50 ; Pros- 
pect Cong, ch., 3, 6 50 
South Bend, Cong. ch. 7 22 
Tacoma, Ist Cong, ch., to const. Rev. W. 
C. Mbrritt, H. M., 250; Plymouth 
Cong, ch., 46.86 ; East Cong. ch. , 8, SOR 


Gaston, Cong. ch. 15 00 

Portland, Sunnyside Cong, ch., 10 ; ITni- 

versity Park Cong, ch., fl.'JO, 19 20 
Salem, 1st Cong. ch. 50 00 
Sherwood, Cong. ch. 12 85 97 05 


Bakersfield, Cong. ch. 8 70 

Berkeley, Park Cong, ch., 14 ; L. J. and 

Miss L. G. Barker, toward support Rev. 

F. F. Goodsell,T2, 86 00 

Buena Park, Cong. ch. 18 

Claremont, Cong, ch., toward support of 
' ' 368 

Oakland, Fniitvale-av. Cong, ch., 65 ; 1st 

Conr. ch., 22.69. 
Oleander, Cong. en. 
Ontario, Bethel Cong. ch. 


Dehesa, Cong. ch. 

De Luz, Cong. ch. 

Escondido, Cong. ch. 22 

Fresno, Christ's Ger. Cong, ch., 50; 3d 
Ger. Cong, ch., 5.60, 56 

Haywards, Eden Cong., d). 20 

La Canada, Cong. di. 5 

Lemon Grove, Cong. ch. 19 

Little Lake, Cong, ch., for Mindanao, 9 

I..ockeford, Cong. ch. 16 

Lodi, 1st Cong, ch., 30; Ger. Cong, ch., 
7, 87 

Long Reach, Cong. ch. 15 

Los Angeles, 1st Cong, ch., 110.46 ^ Ver- 
non Cong, ch., for Aruppukottai, 46; 
East Cong. ch.. 33.94 ; Pico Heights 
Cong, ch., 17; Plymouth Cong, ch., 
10.M; Olivet Cong, ch., 2.54, 220 

Monrovia, Cong. ch. 4 

Nordhofif, Mrs. J. R. Gelett, 

Norwalk, Bethany Cong. ch. 

• " Itvale -^ 

Oroville. 1st Cong. di. 
Oxnard, Rev. John A. Ainslee, 
Pacific Grove, Mayflower Coog. ch. 
Palermo, Cong. ch. 
Pasadena. 1st Cong, ch., 66.88: Lake-av. 

Cong, ch., 59.66: North Cong. ch. 

18J5f; West Side Cong, ch., 6, 
Paso Robles, Cong. ch. 
Pinole. Mr. and Mrs. B. T. Elmore, for 

Redlands, 1st Cong. ch. 
Redondo, Cong. en. 
Rialto. Cong. di. 
Riverside, Cong. ch. 
Sacramento, 1st Cong. ch. 
San Bernardino, Bethel Cong, ch., 6.05; 

1st Cong, ch., 1.90, 7 96 

San Diego. Ist Cong. ch.. 40.53 ; Logan 

HeighU Cong, ch., 7.61, 48 04 

San Francisco, Green-st. Cong, ch , 2J; 

Plymouth Cong, ch., 10 ; Park Cong. 

ch.,6.76, 4176 

San Jadnto, Cong. ch. 4 26 

Santa Paula, Nathan W. Blanchard, 1,647 00 
Sebastopol, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Sierra Madre, Cong. ch. 62 11 

Sherman, Cong. ch. 2 64 

Soqud, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Suftol Glen, Cong, ch., for Harpoot, 10 00—3,399 17 

Territoiy of Hawaii 

Honolulu, Central Union Cong. ch. 

10 00 


87 69 

12 00 

11 86 

77 00 



10 00 

'l.-iO 06 

4 76 


100 79 


13 85 


40 00 


, Friend, in memory of Anna E. 


TottBC Peoplo's Sodotioa 

California.- Escondido, V. P. S. C. E.. 
3.17; Riverside, V. P. S. C. E., for Tarsus, 

SandaT Sdioola 

Washington. — Seattle, Prospect Cong. Sab. 
sch.. 15; Spokane, Westminster Cong. Sab. 
sch.. Young Married People's class, for Shol- 
apur, 15; Walla Walla, 1st Cong. Sab. sch.. 
for Mindanao, 8.30, 

Oregon. — Oregon City, Cong. Sab. sch.. for 

California. — Escondido, Cong. Sab. sch.. 
3.17; Little Shasta, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao. 6.65 ; Los Angeles, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. 
sch., Prim. Dept., for Mindanao. 1 ; Oakland, 
Plymouth Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 58 ; 
Petaluma, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 
10; Redondo Beach, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 10, 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 

10 00 

28 17 

88 30 
10 00 

88 82 
137 12 





St Andrews East, Quebec, Mary L. Lamb, 30 00 

dcnbrook MImIoiiut Society Fund 

CoHKBCTicitT. — G1enbro<A, Union Mem. ch., 
for two native workers in India, 1 88 


From Woman's Board op Missions 
Miss Sarah Loaise Day, Boston, 
For sandry missions in part, 12,814 18 

For repairs, girls' boarding school build- 

io^ bivas, 110 00 

For Tocat school building, 22 00 

For salaries of temporary teachers, Trebi- 

zond. 100 00 

For furnishing room in seminary building, 

AinUb. 75 00 

For medical grants for W. B. M. mission- 
aries, 108 00 

For additional appropriation fcH- evan- 
gelistic work for 1911, 

71 8^-13,301 01 

From Woman's Board of Missions of thb Interior 
Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 

Trttumrtr 5,500 00 

From Woman's Board of Missions for thr Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 

Trtantrtr 460 00 

19,251 01 

AMItiMMl DoMtioiis for Spoeial Objoeto 

Maikb.— Greenville, Union Evan. Y. P. S. C. E . , 
for pupils, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 15 : Notch, 
Friend, for Mardin High School Building 
Fund, 18; Portland, State-st. Cone, ch., for 
native preacher, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 40; 
do., Mrs. E. F. Southworth, for native helper, 

care Rev. C. S. Vaughan, 45: , Friend, 

for native helper, care Rev. T. S. Lee. 100, 

Nhw Hampshirb.— Hampton, Whatsoever Mis- 
sion Circle, for cot in hospital, care Rev. 
P. L.Corbin,15; Hanover, Ellen M. Pierce, 
for reconstruction work, care Miss E. M. 
Chambov, 5; Laconia, Friends, for work, 
care Miss E. M. Blakely, 17.83: Walpole. 1st 
Cong, ch., for use of Miss Helen J. Gilson, 

Vbrmont.— Bennington, 2d Y. P. S. C. E., 
for high school work, care Rev. E. C. Part- 
ridge, 25; Jericho Center, Cong. Sab. sch., 
three classes, for scholarship, care Rev. Wm. 
Hazen, 15; St. Johnsbury, Friends, for 
student, care Rev. Robert Thomson, 32; 
Westminster West, Cong. Sab. sch., for pu- 
pils, care Wm. E. Hitchcock, 12, 

Mass ACHusBTTS. — Acton, Y. P. S. C. E,, for 
new equipment in Indus. Dept., Mt. Si- 
Imda, care C. C. Fuller, 20; Arlington, Cong. 
Sab. sch., for work, care Miss F. E. Burraee, 
5; Aubumdale, Mrs. M. H. Kimball, for the 
Firelight Club cot, care Rev. P. L. Corbin, 1 ; 
Bridgewater,Central-sq. Cong .ch., Girls' Club, 
for use of Rev. J. X. Miller, 5; Brockton, 
South Cong. Sab. sch. Kindergarten, for pupil, 
care Rev. H. P. Perkins, 18; do., Eldon B. 
Keith, for Ing-hok Boys' School, care Rev, 
E. H. Smith, 10; Brookfield, Conference, 
through Rev. T. C Richards Jor Mardin High 
School, care Rev. R. S. M. Emrich, 20; Dal- 
ton, Cong. Sab. sch., for use of Rev. T. E. 
Elmer, 2»; Danvers, Maple-st. Cong. Sab. 
sch.. Prim. Dept., for work, care Rev E. Fair- 
bank, 20 ; East Bridgewater, Union Cong. 
Sab. sch., iat Bible-woman, care Rev. John X. 
Miller, 26 ; Essex County, Friend, for native 
worker, care Rev. T. S. Lee, 60; Fall River, 
1st Cong, ch., for New School Ruildine Fund, 
care Rev. E. H. Smith. 900; Fall River. 1st 
Cong, ch., for pupil, care Rev. E. H Smith, 
10; do., Eliot BtuBnton, for pupil, care Rev. 
E. H. Smith, 20; Haverhill, Friends, through 

218 00 

55 83 

84 00 

Miss Merrill, for work, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 
6; Hyde Park, Friend, for Annie Tracy 
Riggs Hospital, 2; Lincoln, Cone. Sab. sch., 
for pupil, care Miss E. S. Hariwell,20 ; Mon- 
son, Cong. Sab. sch., Prim. Dept., for pupil, 
care Miss E. B. Fowler, 22.65; North Bil- 
lerica, Mrs. E. R. Gould, for hospital, care 
Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 10; Orange, Cong. Sab. 
sch. and Y P. S. C. E., for work, care Rev. 
E. D. Kellogg, 30; Peabody, South Cone, 
ch., for Sivas Building Fund, care Rev. E. C. 
Partridge, 5; South Acton. Mrs. H. Waldo 
Tuttle, for proposed Shattuck Hall, Oorfa, 
10; Swingfield, Carrie L. King, for work, care 
Rev. T. S. Lee, 15 ; Whitinsvflle, Friend, for 
Theol Seminary, care Rev. J. P. Jones, 500 ; 
Worcester, Hope Cong, ch., for native pastor, 
care Rev. E. H. Smith, 30; do.. Old South 
Cong, ch., Olds Club, for work, care Rev. C. 
A. Clark, 60, 

Rhodr Island. — Providence, Julia Carpenter, 
for the Annie Tracy Riggs Memorial Hospital, 

CoNNBCTicuT. — Brooklyn, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
orphan, care Miss Mary G. Webb, 27.73 : Ca- 
naan, Pilgrim Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. 
Wm. Hazen, 5; Cornwall, 1st ch. of Christ 
Cong. Sab. sch., for hospital, care Dr. C. D. 
Ussher, 50 ; do., do , for Okayama Orphanage. 
9.70: East Hartford, W. M. Gilbert, for bovs^ 
boarding school, care Rev. E. H. Smith, lO; 
Ellington, Cong. Sab. sch., for Ellington cot 
in hospital, care Rev. P. L. Corbin, 1ft; Hart- 
ford, Center Cong. Sab. sch,, for work, care 
Rev. B. K. Hunsberger, 24.71 ; do., Mary F. 
Collins^ for new equipment for Indus. Dept., 
Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 10; Hieganum, 
Y. P. S. C. E., for work, care Rev. Wm. Ha- 
zen, 5; Lebanon, W W. G., for theol. sem., 
care Rev. J. P. Jones, 25; Mansfield, 1st 
Cone. ch.,for work, care Miss M. L. Graffam, 
5: Meriden, 1st Cone. Sab. sch., of which 
25.60 for pupils, care Rev. R. A. Hume, and 
28 for work, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 53.60; 
Middlelown, 3d Y. P. S. C. E., for work, care 
Rev. Wm. Hazen, 5; Newington, Y. P. S. C. 
E., for use of Mrs. C. D. Ussher, 2; South- 
port, Cong. Sab. sch., for use of Rev. W. P. 
Elwood. 25.50; do., Y. P. S. C. E., for do.. 
13 17; South Windham, Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Ing-hok school, care Rev. E. H. Smith. 10; 
Windsor, Jun. Y. P. S. C. E.. for Bible- 
woman, care Rev. W. P. Elwood, 3 ; Winsted, 
2d Y. P. S. C. E., for use of Rev. E. H. 
Smith, 15, 

Nrw York. — Binghamton, Chas. W. Loomis, 
for native helper, care Dr. L. H. Reals, 20; 
Brooklyn, Immanuel Cong, ch., for work, 
care Rev. R. S. Stapleton, 36.47; Castile, 
Sanitarium Mission Circle, for work, care 
Miss Frances K. Bement,46; Fordham.Cong. 
Sab. sch., Mrs. Knox's class, for pupil, care 
Miss Annie E. Gordon, 2.'i..''>0; Ithaca, Ed- 
ward V. Baron, for Sivas Building Fund, care 
Rev. E. C. Partridge, 10; New York, D. B. 
Donchian, for native helper, Marsovan,417; 
do., Grace H. Dodge, for Zornitza, care Rev. 
H. C. Haskell, 200; do.. Edw. W. Hazen, for 
nurse, care Dr C. D. Ussher, 126 ; do., through 
Christ tan Herald, for work, care Rev. Watts 
O Pye, 24; Osceola. Y. P. S. C. E., for pu- 
pils, care Rev. H. H. Riggs, 5; Rochester, 
Mrs Abby E. Davison and friends, for or- 
phanage, care Kev. James H. Pettee, K, 

Nbw Irbskv. — Collingswood, Edith L.Thomas, 
for Ing-hok Boys' Boarding School, care Rev. 
E H.Smith, 

Pennsylvania. — Millvale, R. H. Jordan, for 
Ing-hok Boys' Boarding School, care Rev. 
E.Tf. Smith. 5; Pittsburg, 1st Cong ch., for 
native workers, care Rev. Louis Hodous, 30; 

, Friend, for pupil, care Rev. W. P. 

Elwood, 16 

Ohio. — Brownhelm, Cone. Sab. sch., for work, 
care Rev. J, H. Dickson, 20; Cincinnati, 
Walnut 'Hills Cong, ch., for scholnrship, 
care Miss Marv T Noyes, ir» ; Huntshurg, 
Mission Band. f"r new equipment fr>r Indus. 
Dept., Mt. Silinda. care C C. Fuller, 2; 
Oberlin, Oberlin Shansi Memori.Tl A-s-io., for 
native helper, care Rev. A. W. Staub. 8;j."3 ; 
do., Mrs. A. F. Miller, for pupil, care Rev.) 

1.844 65 

314 31 

932 97 
100 00 





February, 1911 

C. A. Nelson, 30; do., R. E. McManigal^S, 
and Mrs. P. A. Crafts, 6, both for ccmipletion 
and equipment of hospital building, care Dr. 
W. L. Thompson, 8; do., Rev. C. N. Pond, 
2, Rev. A. H. Currier, 2, Mrs. P. A. Crafts, 
5, Mrs. E. F. May, 5, and F. H. Angle, 1. all 
for new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. 
Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 15; Toledo, Wash- 
ington St. Cong, ch., of which 5 for work, care 
Rev. H. G. bissell, and 10 from Friend, for 
use of Rev. P. L. Corbin, 15; do., Washing- 
ton-st. Cong. Sab. sch., for use of Rev. P. L. 
Corbin, 25; Wellington. J. T. Haskell, 1, 
and H. L. Wight, 1, both toward new equip- 
ment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. 
C. Fuller, 2 

District of Columbia. — Washington, Mt. 
Pleasant Cong. Sab. sch., for orphan, care 
Miss A. L. M.llard, 

Tbnkessbb. — Pleasant Hill, Cong. Sab. sch., 
Acorn Band, for pupil, care Miss Delia D. 

Mississippi. — Mound Bayou, Rev. B. F. Ous- 
ley, for new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. 
Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 

Texas. — Rockport, Mrs. C. J. Moore, for new 
equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care 
C. C. Fuller, 

Indiana. — Howe (Lima), Christian Service 
League of Presb. ch., toward new equipment 
for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. 
Fuller, 14 ; Kokomo, W. C. McCune, for do., 
6; Marion, People's Temple, for do., 6.50; 
Southport, Irene Griffith, for do., 5, 

Illinois. — Champaign, 1st Cong, ch., of which 
6 for native worker, care Rev. L. S. Gates, 
and 1 for church at Kessab, care Miss E. M. 
Chambers, C ; Chicago, Leavitt-st. Cong, ch., 
Mrs. Laura M, Pinkerton,for work, care Rev. 
Geo. A. Wilder, 30; do.. Salem Cone. ch. 
Ladies' Aid Soc., for pupil, care Mrs. R.Win- 
sor, 3.76; do.. Summerdale Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Edgar B. Wvlie School, care Rev. J. J. 
Banninga, 16; Dundee, Y. P. S. C. E.. for 
pupil, care Mrs. R. Winsor, 60; Elgin, 
ist Cong. Sab. sch., for pupil, Amanzimtote, 
20; MoHne, *Jd Cong. Siab. sch., for pupils, 
care Rev. G. P. Knapp, 10: Roseville, Mr. 
and Mrs. L. (\ Axtell, of which 45 for native 
preacher, care Rev. H. G. Hissell. and 2'» for 
use of Rev. A. W. Clark, 70; Stockton, Rev. 
H. M. Herrick, for new equipment for Indus. 
Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller. 5; Sum- 
ner. G. W. Cooper, for srhobrship, care Rev. 
W. C. Cooper. 33; Svcamore, Emilv S.Wood, 
for Elizabeth cot in hospital, care kev P. L. 
Corbin, L5; Wheaton, Wheaton College, for 
medical student, care Dr. and Mrs. F. F. 
Tucker, 14.7r»; do , do., for use of Rev. W. 

C. Corper, 7; , Friend, for work in 

Japan, 1, 

Michigan. — Alpena. Cong, ch , Miss. Soc., 
25. and Friend, '.^O, both for use of Rev. J. H. 
Dickson, 45; do., Mrs. Sarah E. Wallace, for 
new equipment for Indus. Dept.. Mt. Silirda, 
care C. C. Fuller. 5; Clinton. W. S. Kim- 
ball, for do., 10: Olivet, Cong. Sab. sch., of 
which 3 for orphans, care Dr. G C. Raynolds, 
3 for hospital, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear,and9 
for pupil, care Miss M. B. Mills. 15. 

Wisconsin. — Janesvi'le, 1st Cone, ch , W. S. 
Jeffries, for St. raiil's Inst., care Rev. T. D. 
Christie. •'"■0: Keno«ha, 1st C"opg. Sab sch., 
for orphanage, <are Rev. J. H. Pettee, 7, 

Minnesota. — I.ake City, Mission Band, for 
use of Miss .*^arah Louise IVck, 5: Minne- 
apolis. Park-av. Cong ch.. for the Martha A. 
King Memorial Sd'ool, care .Miss C. R. Wil- 
lard, 108 60 ; do., Linden Hills Cong, ch, for 
work, care Rev. C H. Maxwell, 1'; St. 
Cloud, Friends, by Jessie L. I'urrall, f< r pu- 
pil, cpre Miss E. M. Atkins, :>0: .<:t. Paul, 
People's Corg ch., of which I aeries' Soc., 
60, for native worker, cnre Kev. T. S. I ec 100, 
Iowa. — Marshalltown, J. G. Brown, for native 
worker, care Rev. Tames P. McNaughton, 

MissorRi. — Mt. Washington, Mrs. A J. 
Ream, for native tea- her and pnpil. care Dr. 
G. C. Raynolds, 41 : St. Louis Pilgrim Tong. 
ch., for work, care George S. Eddy, 319.77, 

215 33 

30 00 

1 00 


20 00 

29 60 

280 60 

75 00 

67 00 

258 60 
35 00 

390 77 

North Dakota. — Melville, Cong, ch., to- 
ward new equipment for Indus. I>ept., Mt. 
Silinda. care C. C. Fuller, 2.90; Valley City, 
Rev. W. C. Lyon, for do., 6; Wahpeton, 
Cong- Sab. sch., for pupil, care Rev. R. S. 
Stapleton, 25, 32 90 

South Dakota. — Aberdeen, Kate Burke, 25, 
and Henry C. Johnson, 25, both for use of Dr. 
A. R. Hoover. 60; Ijine, Geo. E. Whitney, 
for work, care Rev. G. A. Wilder, 20, 70 00 

Nbbraska. — Hastings. Zion's Ger. Cong, ch., 
for work, care Miss J L. Graf, 10; Lincoln. 
Blanche G. Knowlton, for new equipment for 
Indus Dept , Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller,3, 13 00 

Montana.— Billings, C. M. Chafee, for new 
equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care 
C. C. Fuller, 10; Bozeman, E. B. Martin, 10, 
P. C. Waite, 10, and L. S. Wilson, 10, all for 
do., 30, 40 00 

Wyoming. — BufiTalo, Cone. Sab. sch.. Young 
Ladies' classes, for pupil, and for building 
work, care Miss E. M. Chainbers, 18 00 

CoLORAix). — Boulder, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for 
native helper, care Rev. H. G. Bissell, 72; 
Eaton, Y. P. S. C. E.. for new equipnent for 
Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda. care C. C. Fuller, 
6; Golden, Carolyn Tobey, for do., 10, 87 00 

Washington. — Hillyard, Cong, ch., for work, 
care Rev. EUlward Fairbank, 6 26 

California. — Berkeley, Mrs. C. A. Kofoid, 
for new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Si- 
linda, care C. C. Fuller, 10; Lordsburg, Wm. 
Linderman, for native worker, care Rev. C. R. 
Hager, 36; Los Angeles, Ross Allen Harris, 
for work, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear. 26; Oak- 
land, Mr. and Mrs. J. Ensign Raynolds, for 
work, care Rev. A. A. McBnde, 30.26; Pasa- 
dena, Lake-av. Cong, ch , for use of Mrs. 
Willis C. Dewey, 26 ; San Jacinto. Cong. Sab. 
sch., for work, care Rev. R. A. Hume.d; San 
Luis Obispo, Mrs. E. B. Waters, for new 
equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care 
C. C. Fuller, 7, 141 26 

Canada.— Montreal, E. C, for teachers, care 
Mrs. C. T. Sibley, 6; do., W. G. Taylor, for 
new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt Silinda. 
care C. C. Fuller. 10; Toronto, Havergal 
Soc., l\ and Friend. 15, both for girls* school, 
care Miss Anna F. Gordon. 30, 46 00 

China —Chefoo, Wm. H. Pitkin, for hospiul, 
care Rev. P L. Corbin, 60 

Canal ZoNH. — Culebra. Howard K. Tuttle, 
for proposed Shattuck Hall, Oorfa, 6 00 

Income Atherton Fnml 

For new building. North China College, 260 00 
ir^.. rkr«.K;.ko nXwW c^k^^i oka no 

For Doshisha Girls' School, 

For use of Rev. and Mrs. C. R. Hager, 

For use of Rev. C. A. Clark. 

For use of Rev. J S. Chandler, 

For use of Dr. F. D. Shepard, 

Donations received in December, 
Legacies received in December, 

260 00 
600 00 
200 00 
200 OO-l/iOO 00 


913-'9 10 
4,583 48 

96,402 68 

Tote! from September 1. 1910. to December 31. Itlf. 
Donslions, $261,220.27; LetMiies, |22,OS8J0 = 

Work in the Philippines 

Nbw York. — New York, K. 30O 00 

Albsnimn Work 

Illinois. — Chicago, Mrs. Mary W. Borden, 1,000 00 

Tusklinm Fund 

Nrw York. — New York, Miss Grace H. 
Dodge, 1,000 00 

Roth Tracy Strong Fund 

For ExPft^se 

Illinois. — ChicaRO, North Shore Cong. Sab. 

sch., Prim. Dept. ( ^ r^r^^-^Xr^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


d^tahiishcd 1845 

incorpomleJ 1900 

W. & L. E. GURLEY - TROY, N.Y., U.S.A. 

^Manufacturers of 

Civil Engineering, Mining. Surveying* and Physical Instruments 

Standard Weights and Measures 

Accurate Thermometers 

Mcchaiiical, Optical and Electrical Apparatus 
for Schools^ Colleges, Technical Laboratories 

Scientific ImtnimenU of Special Design »'♦ 

Ctstatcguet mtid detailed informaihn crt ttsquest 

Pleue metitlon MtaiiotiaTy Benld wPum yuu write to ad^ntliert 



Book, Magazine, a^ij Job 
Printing in all its l^rsncheii 
0]fKcu1t work a speciiJljr 



All work is executed lat* 
iafnctoriiy and iJ«]iv*r«d 



TROY, N. Y., and 



nigitlTQii hy 


Ple^mc mentiuQ MiBtiionary Hcfald when fQ\i write to advertixen 

How 110,000 Firms Now Sav< 
an Immense Amount of Mone; 

These Firms, from Small Retail Concerns to Large 

Corporalions, Tepreseni over 400 lines of business 

It costs these finm» in multiplied experience, large ruhw to work out the best buaines* economy. It cost u»0¥ 
$ 1 00,000 simply to collect, compile and distribyte their ideas in form for you to use. Yet it costs you no* 
cent to get these money-saviiig ideas — all proved out— all ready to put in practice. '^'^--^ -*- ^^"- 

Where the Saving Lies 

These firms owe their immense savings in account- 
ing and systems » in a very large part, to the use of 
the Bunoughs Bookkeeping Machine, 

Yet their money-saving methods will mean econ- 
omy for you, even without the aid of this remarkable 
business machine — though the economy can't be 
nearly bo complete. For this wonderful mechan- 
ical "office assistant'* now does for these firms 
work which formerly only men s brains could do 
— -work which men's 
brains couldn't do 
half so well, nor one- 
fourth as quickly. 

These firms all 
adopted the Bur- 
roughs after testing 
it on free trial, which 
same ofer we make 
to you. 


The Burroughs 
has made possible for 
these Brms all these 
money-sa%Tng methods which we now offer you free. 

For all the figures involved in the business of th^e 
1 1 0,000 firms are now handled on the Burroughs. 

It has emancipated all concerned from the 
drudgery of figures. It has multiplied each man's 
efficiency by at least two. It has eliminated all 
mistakes. It has brought all these business men in 
far closer touch with their business — eliminated the 
loose ends. It has given all concerned, from book- 
keepers to the business heads, a firmer grasp on the 
business; given them a new and broader perspective. 

Thus the Burroughs has enabled those con- 
cerned to see what was wrong* and to correct it. 
So they now have economy, where before there 

Bookkeeping Machine 

Made in 78 different 
styles — both hand and 
electric — a Burroughs 
for every requirement. 
Sent to any firm on 
free triaL 

Offer below explains | 

was waste. Simplified system, accuracy, effic 
— ' where before they had complication, confi 
cosily mistakes. 

The Best Business Men 

Among these 1 1 0.000 firms are many of the! 
business men in the country — many of the btigh 
accountants— many of the most expert systematize 

They have tried out, among them, huncf 
of ideas. They have proved, in the crudblej 
practice, which were best. They have sifted i 

good from the 
They have done I 
you can profit 
their experience. 

Our Free Busiii 

Book, "A Bet 

Day's Work^ 

TWe cream of alt I 
idti^as, methods and \ 
lems we have wee 
compiled and publuN 
ia boolc farni. Thetid 
"A Better DayU Wa 
— ane of the moit | 
ticali, helpful baa 
boolci today, 
from the 
1 10.000 firms, l&rge and small, repTcsentifig over 
business. It is ns intercshng as a novel, yel a liberal edu 
III business economy — in work -and- time- saving »ho«t- 
cuti — ill expeniBe- cutting, accuracy-insjuriiig modem . ' 
methods and ly stems. 

With Our Complimeiits 

To any hutineM man or b«>tiltlt«]:'Ci vvKo write* . ' 
for itt we Bend I hit n*- w hook lr«. Th^ book . 
i» DOW in. m 4ih cdtiicin. So in junlk-e to -^ ^ 
youraeU and yom buiine^f, wrnd for ihe , 
book today. Please ute the cou- 
pom, Of euie write oa your firm'i . 
letlcfhead, . ' Nnim 

Barrotiffbi AdJii>i Midbia*.-' Podlion 
Co.. 256 BBrrouib* Block ■ 
D^tmil^ HickifU * ririii 

r.r,-in. mr, : Addre» of Fwm 


■ Mo."" 

Detroit. ! 

PlpAse mhk) c 

** A Belter Doy'il 

lod dcmooitiAre ihr 

lo me. 

Digitized by 







By REV. G. E. WHITE, D.D. 



" ^itb ottjer sljcep 3 fjabe . . . 
Sbem also S must bring:." 

Boston MARCH Digtzef^cpgle 

SMlered at the Awtofllc* €tt Bo»t<m^ Man., rw rtneond-eioMB inaittr 


Editorial Notes. Illustrated 101 

On the Track of the Massacres. By Secretary C. H. Fatton. Illustrated . 108 

New Times in Ancient Greece, By Rev. G. E. White, d.d. . . . . 112 

The Day's Round — On an Outreaching Tour. By Rev. Henry Neipp. Illus* 

trated ........ 113 

Rev. Herbert Marsena Allen. By Rev. Joseph K. Greene, Illustrated * . 117 

Feasted by Bankers. By Rev. Wynn C. Fairfield 118 



By-Products of Foreign Missions. By Secretary James L. Barton 

Field Notes. Illustrated . . .126 

Letters from the Missions. Illustrated . 130 

North China— Western Turkey— European Turkey— Mara thi 

The Wide Field 137 

Turkey— Foreign Press 

The Portfolio 139 

The Bookshelf 142 

The Chronicle. Illustrated 143 

Donations 145 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Congregational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston, Mass. 


Edward D. Eaton; d.d. 

CorTtMpondino S^entariM 

Jakes L. Barton, d.d. 

CoRNEMua H. Pattok. d.ik 

Frank H. Wiacm. Bbq. 

EdUoHal SuTtftarMT* 

Glmatbam E. Strong, d.d., EmtrUuM 

Rev. William E. Strong 

AnBOciate Secretaries 
Rev. Enoch F. Bell 
Rev. D. BftEWEK Eddy 

P%tbiishinir and PurchagiTiQ Agent 
John G. Hosmeb 

District Secretariee 

Mkldle Duitrlct: Rev. Wili^kd L. Beaeo 

4th Avenue und 23d Street, New York 

Interior Diatrkt : A. N. HitChcocIc, ph.d. 
153 Lflsallo Street. Chi^mffo 

Pacific Coast DiatHct : Rev. H. Melvili^ Tenwey 
Meclmnicg Bank Building, San FmnciBOO. Cal. 



Ttrm Expir€» 1911 
Hon. Arthuk H. Wbllhan 
Rev. Albert P. Fitch 
Henry H. Proctor 
Rev. Lucres H. Thaybr 

Term Expires 19 tt 


Rev. Arthur I* Gillbtt 
Charles A. HoFKlNS 
Arthur Perry 

Term Expires SffJS 
Herbert A. Wilder 
Re^'. Edward M. No yes 
Rev, 15 d WARD C. Moore 
Rev. George A. Hall 

Legacies. — In writing b<>quests the entire corpo- 
mte n&nie of the Bofird &houtd be u»ed, aa follows: 
" Am<»riciiTi Doard of Commissionera for Foreign 
IMissions, incorporated in Massachusetts in 1812.^* 

PUBLICATIDNB. - The AfiseioHftry HtraJd. illuBtralod. 
iiuinthly ; 75 centa a yety. or 50 cent* in club«t of ton 
or mare: forcisrn iub»crtptions. 36 centa ndditianal 
for postaj?e. The Mimion Dausprinu, an illuntrat«?d 
monthly for children ; £0 cents a year. $1.50 for ten 
copicfi. ta for twenty-five copieis. AmeHcan Board 
Almauojc ; Pnci?, 10 rt?nL«s, ffi per hundrcKl, by mail or 
oxpress. Sketches of Mij*Bion«. Maps, including Wall 
Map». leaflets, and Tracts in larxft^ variety. ^For 
Publications, addre^ia 

„ ^Digitized by 

American Boa an. Puhtjshtkg 

Ri>om ire, 14 Beacon Street, Boston. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Press of Thomas Todd Co,, H B«a«m S»r9*i, Boston, Mass, 

The Missionary Herald 

Volume CVII 

MARCH 1911 

Number 3 


It is over sixteen months since the close of the Joint Campaign of 1909. 

Most of the pledges were paid within a few months. The remainder have 
been gradually coming in up to the present time. The treasurer is now able to 
make an approximately complete and final report. Friends of the Societies will 
be interested to note that of over 10»000 pledges, amounting to $328,000, only one 
per cent will remain unpaid when certain entirely reliable pledges, as indicated 
below, are received. 

The Societies are grateful to God and to their constituency for the new era 
in their work and plans, which was made possible by the success of the Campaign. 
The unity of the work at home and abroad is felt as never before. The churches 
have been brought into closer sympathy with the mission cause. New friends have 
been made for all aspects of the work. Systematic and thoughtful giving has 
been promoted. The outlook for gprowth in fruitful service is bright. 


Total amount of pledges $328,300.98 

Interest on deposits 526.66 

Total cash and pledges $328,827.64 


To C. H. M. S. for debt . . . $146,286.87 

To A. B. C, P. M. for debt . 79,891.05 

To A. M. A. for debt . . . 46,917.92 

Total for debts $273,094.84 


rp Share of Cam- 

A O Gross pai]?n expenses Net 

A. B. C.F. M. $16,386.42 $5,863.42 $10,523.00 

C. H. M. S. 13,820.00 13,559.00 261.00 

A. M. A. 7,337.00 3,456.00 3,881.00 

C. C. B. S. 5,000.00 5,000.00 

Ed Society 3,230.00 3,230.00 

S. S. & P. S. 2,935.00 2,935.00 

C. B. M. R. 1,170.00 1,170.00 

$49,878^ $22,878.42 "$27,000 03 49.87&42 


Hopeful unpaid pledges . . $2,511.50 
Doubtful unpaid plecfees . . 3,305.95 


$5,854.38 $5,854.38 

Willis E. Lougee, Secretary Lucien C. Warner, Treasurer 



Editorial Notes 


The public press has reported the 
outbreak of the bubonic plagrue in 

North China; the appear- 
in'cwnlf"* ^^^^ ^^ ^^ pneumonic form, 

most dreaded because of the 
greater danger of infection ; the num- 
bering of some Europeans among its 
sufferers, including physicians who met 
it in their practice ; the spread of the 
plague southward, till it is feared it 
may add its ravage to the desolation 
of the famine region ; and the efforts 
to rouse and combine every agency for 
fighting the foe. It has been cabled 
also that missionary physicians were 
alert and devoted in the crisis, as in- 
deed was to be expected. No direct 
word has come as yet (February 15) to 
the Board from any of its missionaries 
in the stricken region; the lack of 
cabled advices leads to the hope that 
to their view the outlook is not so 
ominous as the newsgatherers have in- 
dicated. We note that our Dr. Young, 
of Peking, has been conspicuous in in- 
vestigations as to how the disease may 
be checked. In this connection we com- 
mend the appreciative editorial from 
the Boston Herald reprinted in The 

While the American Board's mission 
to Greece, memorable chiefly for the 
TheAmericmo ^felong and heroic serv- 
Board and ice of Dr. Jonas King, was 
New Greece ^losed in 1869, the Board's 
work for Greeks has never stopped, and 
is of larger proportions today than 
ever before. There are more Greeks 
under the Ottoman flag than under the 
Hellenic flag, and at several stations 
in Turkey, notably Constantinople, 
Smyrna, and Marsovan, they form a 
large and important element in the 
evangelical communities. At Marso- 
van, the Greeks in Anatolia College 
outnumber any other nationality. As 
Athens is the center of the world for all 
Greeks, missionaries who are reaching 
this people must be in close touch with 
the things pertaining to their home- 
land and its interests. Dr. White's 
article in this number concerning New 
Greece is of interest not only as describ- 

ing events in one important kingdom of 
the world, but also for its bearing upon 
one phase of missionary work in Turkey. 
The strong national spirit of the Greeks 
is freshly evidenced by the formation 
of a Greek club in Marsovan ; while not 
nominally connected with Anatolia Col- 
lege, many of its members belong to 
the college circle, and the intellectual 
and social life of the college doubtless 
inspired its organization. 

The name of Mr. Chang Po Ling has 
been repeatedly mentioned in the Mis- 
sionary Herald since his- 
Jurk^rchin. visit to America in 1908; 
his signal influence, for 
Christianity both among Chinese stu- 
dents in this country, during that visit, 
and among his educated countrjnntien 
since his return has been noted with 
gratitude. Our readers will be glad to 
find in The Portfolio the testimony of 
a Young Men's Christian Association 
secretary in Tientsin as to the effective 
work both of Mr. Chang and of an- 
other high-bred Chinese gentleman of 
that city. 

Is the spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers 
waning ? That is the question one mis- 
sionary on furlough, Mr. 
^^mimt' Nelson, of Canton, asks 
himself. He went to 
Plymouth last October with the Na- 
tional Council and stood by the Rock 
and recalled the men of the Mayflotver 
and their compact ; their high mission- 
ary hopes and their willingness to be 
stepping-stones to others who might 
extend the blessings of the gospel. 
And there he reflected on his mission 
field in South China, with its two busy 
stations at Canton and Hong Kong, 
its 41 outstations, its 4,800 commu- 
nicants and 109 native laborers, its 27 
schools and 662 scholars, and all the 
multiplying calls and the readier re- 
sponsiveness of these new and stirring 
times in China. And he counted over 
again the missionary staff of eight 
members: Mrs. Nelson and himself in 
this country on furlough; Dr. Hager 
and his wife also in this country, 
broken in health ; not a foreign worker 


Editorial Notes 


left at Hong Kong; at Canton three 
young ladies carrying school and 
woman's work, and one heroic young 
man, only a year in China, carrying 
the oversight of the whole field. Yet 
Mr. Nelson, returning this month to 
China, can find no one to go back with 
him or to follow after to share the 
huge task and the unprecedented op- 
portunity. He asks again, "Where is 
the spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers? " 

A NEW department of the Mission- 
ary Herald might be **A Want Col- 
umn." It would not lack for 
of Wants niaterial ; for so generous have 
been the readers of this maga- 
zine in responding to requests for spe- 
cial articles, that the missionaries are 
emboldened to declare their needs as 
they arise. Mr. Nelson, going back to 
Canton, is eagerly desirous of securing 
a small safe in which to keep important 
papers of that station. There are al- 
wa3^ more applicants for such safes 
than there are offers of them to the 
Board. Dr. Robert Hume remarks 
that on his last return to India he se- 
cured through the 'Missionary Herald 
some good secondhand bicycles to take 
out with him. He would be glad to 
take out four this year for Indian fel- 
low-workers : an assistant superintend- 
ent of a district, an associate pastor, 
and two other preachers; also two or 
three inexpensive but serviceable sec- 
ondhand watches would be very useful 
in their work. 

There is a touch of pathos in one re- 
quest just at hand. The HeraWs first 
letter from Miss Cold after her arrival 
at Hadjin asks those readers of the 
magazine who are music lovers to imag- 
ine what it means to live in a place 
where there is no music ; only discords 
from human singers, and no song of 
robin or bobolink, for the mountain 
birds there are not songsters ; only the 
brook at the base of the mountain 
makes any music. She wonders if some 
friend at home whose good phonograph 
has been heard long enough to have 
worked off the keen edge of enjoyment 
would be disposed to send it on to those 

who are music hungry and to those for 
whom they are working. 

A LONE and unauthenticated dis- 
patch from Athens which appeared in 

the public press recently, 
Frct^iS^"* to the effect that Adana 

and its region were on the 
eve of another outbreak of massacres, 
seems to be sufficiently punctured by a 
paragraph from 
a letter just re- 
ceived from Mr. 
Chambers, of 
Adana, in which 
he describes a 
fresh tour over 
the Cilician plain: 
"A word in ref- 
erence to the 
governmental ad- 
miiiistration of 
the district. We 
were impressed 
with the fact that 
travel was quite 
unrestricted and 
the district was 
in perfect tran- 
quillity. There 
were no reports 

of robbers or robbery. At one gen- 
darme post I found a young Armenian 
gendarme in command of the post, 
with Moslem gendarmes serving under 
him ; and this in the midst of villages 
almost entirely Moslem. He said that 
he had encountered no difficulty from 
Moslems in the discharge of his duty. 
This does not introduce the millennium 
in Turkey, but it is an interesting fact." 

Memorial sketches may be but 
formal reading to those who are not 
brought near the event they 
Tufe'*"' record, but one has only to 
reflect a little upon the early 
death of Mr. Allen, of whom Dr. Greene 
writes in this number, to feel its inex- 
pressible pathos. 

Where one man counts as a hundred, 
and where trust, affection, and co-oper- 
ation are slowly won, the taking off of Ic 
a successful missionary brings a sense 



Editorial Notes 


of loss and loneliness that is immeasur- 
able. Letters received since Mr. Allen's 
death show the hold which he had both 
upon his comrades and his fellow-Chris- 
tians in the Armenian communities for 
which he specially labored. During 
the days of his sickness Mr. Peet wrote 
that the mission circle was constant in 
prayer for the sparing of a life that 
seemed so needed : ** Few of our work- 
ers are so well equipped as he; few 
stand so near to the people ; it is diffi- 
cult to see how he can be spared." 
And Mr. Riggs, writing after Mr. 
Allen's death, declares that his place 
in the hearts of the people will remain 
vacant: "Seldom has a man among 
the missionaries secured in so short a 
time of service so strong a hold on the 
affections of the Armenians as a race." 
The funeral service filled the Arme- 
nian Evangelical Church at Pera with 
representatives of the many classes^'of 
Mr. Allen's friends in Constantinople. 
Among those who took part in the serv- 
ice were Rev. Mr. Schmovanian, the 
pastor and a close friend of Mr. Allen ; 
Dr. Herrick, of the mission; and the 
vicar of the Armenian patriarchate, 
who spoke in terms of great thankful- 
ness for Mr. Allen's work for that 
people and in particular for his service 
on the Avedaper, which paper he said 
had been maintained at so high a level 
**that the people read it as they do 
their Bibles." This testimony was the 
more impressive in that for the first 
time an orthodox Armenian ecclesiastic 
stood in a Protestant pulpit in Con- 

The thirtieth anniversary of Chris- 
tian Endeavor was celebrated in the city 

of its headquarters 
^r^Tu.^utZZ:' by a mass meeting in 

Tremont Temple, Feb- 
ruary 2, where with hearty praise and 
rejoicing the noble record of its first 
generation was reviewed. Inevitably, 
prominence was given to its missionary 
aspect and to its phenomenal expansion 
and efficiency on mission fields. Dr. 
R. A. Hume aptly and enthusiastically 
acknowledged the missionary's indebt- 

edness to the idea and spirit of Christian 

Rev. M. L. Stibison has recently sent 
to the Board's library for safe keeping 

a volume of which the 
t^u^S^t world holds no duplicate, 

the dictionary of the 
Truk-Mortlock dialects, which repre- 
sents the consecutive work of Messrs. 
Logan, Price, and Stimson towards 
constructing a written language for 
these members of the Marshall Islands 
group of Micronesia. To turn the 
three hundred and more typewritten 
pages of the large record book, on 
which are set down in order some five 
thousand words with their meanings, 
to see the autographic corrections and 
insertions on every page, and to note 
the several handwritings in which these 
alterations occur is to get a yet more 
graphic impression of the labor and 
care with which the messengers of 
Christianity have sought to bring the 
full blessing of its light even to the 
humbler peoples of the earth. 

One does not generally go to our 
government reports for foreign mission- 
A United StatM ^^ information, but 
consvi on Biiaaions the last report of the 
in Tnrkej Commissioner on Edu- 

cation, Dr. Elmer C. Brown, the first vol- 
ume of which is at hand, contains many 
statements of interest to the friends of 
the American Board. For example, the 
report of Consul Masterson, of Har- 
poot, in calling attention to the rapid 
extension of the use of the English 
language among the people of Turkey, 
declares that the principal agencies in 
the country to this end are the Ameri- 
can missionary colleges, schools, and 
orphanages. Thereupon he lists ten 
stations of the American Board in Asi- 
atic Turkey, with their educational 
equipment, and declares that aside from 
the famous institutions at Beirut, 
Smyrna, and Constantinople these 
schools and colleges in the interior of 
the country, where an outsider scarcely 
ever comes, are turning out hundreds 
of scholars each year who have been 


Editorial Notes 


trained in the English language. 
Throughout the empire there are 132 
American educational and charitable 
institutions, in all of which the English 
language is taught in some sense. Grad- 
uates of theological seminaries and the 
medical college at Beirut are widely 
dispersed and all speak English. 

Similarly, Vice-Consul C. N. Wil- 
liams, of Chefoo, in the province of 

Shantung, China, for- 
MMto^teCkiM wards a report made by 

a member of that con- 
sulate to the effect that careful inquiry 
reveals the fact that by far the most 
extensive and effective work for spread- 
ing Western education in that province 
is being done by the Protestant mission- 
aries, most of them being Americans. 
The schools, he declares, are graded 
according to the home standard, and 
thoroughness seems to be the ke3mote. 
With the exception of some who have 
"picked up" their English, most of 
the Ekiglish-speaking clerks and em- 
ployees come from the mission schools. 
The medical branch of missions is do- 
ing more to reconcile the Chinese to for- 
eign association than any other agency. 
During a recent overland trip to a 
city where no foreigner had been per- 
mitted to live till the American medical 
missionary opened a dispensary, he de- 
clares that the mention of acquaintance 
with that missionary invariably put 
him on a friendly footing. Contact 
with their work forces the conclusion 
that the missionaries are practical fore- 
runners of the commercial enterprise. 
They seldom fail to win the respect 
and esteem even of those who will not 
accept their doctrine. 

The Women's National Foreign Mis- 
sion Jubilee has been growing in size 
and power as it has moved 
across the country. It was 
an inspiration of genius as 
well as of faith that projected this series 
of meetings to continue through the 
year and to cover the continent in cele- 
bration of the fifty years of organized 
Christian work by women for foreign 
missions. The first of these jubilee 

nc WMMtt** 

Golden Jabilec 

meetings was held in Oakland last Oc- 
tober ; thence, in a path generally east- 
ward, before the holidays such cities 
were visited as Seattle, Denver, Kansas 
City, Chicago, Cincinnati, and Detroit; 
in almost every case the largest churches 
were filled; overflow meetings were 
sometimes necessary. Among the rank 
and file and even among the leaders of 
this movement a new enthusiasm of 
purpose has developed ; emphasis is be- 
ing put irresistibly upon present oppor- 
tunity and future undertaking rather 
than upon the mere review of past 

Definite plans have been made in 
many cities for increasing the member- 
ship of the women's missionary socie- 
ties and for a more systematic effort to 
enlist all the women of the churches in 
this branch of their work. Moreover, 
while the raising of money has not been 
the primary object of the conventions, 
large and generous plans for increase 
here also have been devised . Before the 
holiday intermission over $300,000 had 
been pledged in the cities of the West 
and Interior. It is hoped that by the 
time the whole country is covered not 
less than a million dollars will be secured 
as the jubilee offering. 

With the passing of the holidays, 
the campaign began again in the East 
and South ; New York and New Eng- 
land will be covered during the month 
of March, Boston being reached for a 
two days' meeting, March 14, 15, New 
York for three days, March 28 to 30. 
Large and influential committees rep- 
resenting various denominations of 
churches and missionary societies, at- 
tractive lists of speakers, varied and 
carefully wrought programs, together 
with constant and eager prayer from 
a multitude of loyal hearts, make it 
certain that in all these centers of our 
land there is to be not only a strong 
rise of the tide of missionary interests, 
but the lifting to a permanently higher 
level of the missionary ideals, gifts, and 
labors of those who share in this jubi- 
lee; more than ever it is to be true 
that the women who publish the tiding^^ 
are a great host. 


Editorial Notes 


The Aim of 
ChristUa MiMioiis 

A LEADING journal of the native 
press of India, the Indian Social Re- 
former, devoted its 
chief editorial article 
in a recent issue to the 
discussion of "The Educational Work 
of Christian Missions." The article is 
highly appreciative and prompts quo- 
tation : "It is impossible to deny that 
the several schools and colleges con- 
ducted by Christian missions in India 
have had a large share in the moral 
and spiritual awakening that is visible 
on all sides. The high character and 
example of the devoted men who are 
in charge of these institutions, their 
generally sympathetic and kindly feel- 
ing for their students, and also, of 
couTje, the study of the Bible, at any 
rate in the higher classes, have un- 
doubtedly left their impress on the 
best Indian thought and activities of 
the day. If today Christianity is recog- 
nized by all classes and creeds as one 
of the great religions of the world, 
and if the name of Christ is held in 
high reverence and is often coupled 
with that of Buddha as one of the two 
greatest teachers of humanity, it is 
wholly due to the work of the educa- 
tional missions and missionaries." 

Having said so much by way of 
commendation, the writer adds this 
word of mild protest : ** We should like 
that some at least of the more intellec- 
tual of them (i.6., the missionaries) 
should cease to countenance the popu- 
lar view, that to make people call 
themselves Christians is the final end 
and aim of all good work." 

The editor of the Dnyanodaya, Dr. 
R. E. Hume, in reprinting these state- 
ments comments upon the implied criti- 
cism. He agrees heartily that to call 
one's self a Christian is not the suffi- 
cient test of being a disciple; the 
tendency to judge by externals has 
called for rebuke from Jesus' day to 
this. Yet to the question what is the 
final end and aim of missionary en- 
deavor there can be but one adequate 
answer; unequivocally and unreserv- 
edly it must be admitted that "there 
is a subtle, ulterior purpose at the back 

of all tnis (educational) good work." 
This aim is not to induce people to get 
themselves baptized and to swell the 
numbers of the Christian communities 
by a merely outward separation. The 
aim of Christian missions through all 
its educational, medical, industrial, and 
evangelistic enterprise is supremely 
spiritual ; it believes that the supreme 
value of life lies in personal connection 
with the holy, loving Father-God ; and 
it believes that the most powerful 
means of securing this connection is 
through Jesus Christ. The Dnyano- 
daya has put clearly and strongly the 
essential and distinctive purpose of the 
missionary as above that of the philan- 
thropist and the social reformer. 

Mrs. Byron W. Clarke, who passed 
away at Pasadena, Cal., on the 27th 

of January, at the age of 
Follow seventy-nine, was from 

childhood a sincere friend 
of the American Board, through which 
her many-sided sympathies found part 
expression. In Japan her name will be 
remembered as the donor of the Theo- 
logical Hall of the Doshisha. In India 
her sympathies provided for the educa- 
tion of many boys and girls rescued 
during the great famine of 1900, and 
also made her the largest donor in creat- 
ing the endowment fund of the Clarke- 
Abbott Home for Little Boys in Bombay. 
While visiting her daughter, Mrs. Justin 
E, Abbott, in Bombay, nine years ago, 
she so endeared herself to many Indians 
in that city that since then she has been 
known by them by the loving term of. 
Ajibai (grandmother). 

The Medical Missionary Conference 

at the Battle Creek Sanitarium has 

The BiUtie Croek comc to be One of the 

Medical MiMioiuurr evcnts of the mlssiou- 

Conferoice ^^ y^^ ^^^ ^y^^ ^^^^ 

ers in the foreign field. The third of 
these conferences, held in January, 
brought together 150 missionaries, rep- 
resenting nearly all the mission boards 
and the entire mission field; nearly 
two-thirds of the members were med- 
ical men and women. Dr. Creegan 


Editorial Notes 


served as president, and the American 
Board was represented by such men as 
Drs. Whitney, Shepard, Beab, Thomp- 
son, MoCord, and President MacLach- 
lan, all of whom bore testimony to the 
value and enjoyment of .the sessions. 
As 653 years of medical practice were 
represented in the company, the testi- 
mony of experience was abundant and 
authoritative. Hearty thanks of all 
interested in missionary advance are 
due to Dr. Kellogg, the head of the 
sanitarium, who served as chairman of 
the committee of arrangements, and 
to Mr. Tenney and Mrs. Dowkont, the 

The American Board has just issued 
a set of eight picture post cards, each 

containing a striking and 
soHecunirNcw characteristic view upon 

one of its mission fields. 
These cards are not of cheap and gaudy 
pattern, but, made by a special process 
and finished in sepia tones, have the 
effect of fine photographs or the best 
of photogravures. A few words of 
description on each card make it tell a 
story. To insure a wide distribution 
of these cards the price has been fixed 
at ten cents for the package of eight ; 
if orderd by mail a two-cent stamp 
should be inclosed to cover postage. 
We have seen no such cards offered at 
anything like the price, and feel sure 
that they will make a hit with parents, 
Sunday school teachers, and mission 
class leaders; they will be desired as 
well for exchange among friends. 

An article in TTie Far Eastern Re- 
view, on " American-Japanese Rela- 
tions," declares that there 
jjj^ "* has been a persistent intrigue 
for the purpose of undermin- 
ing the friendship existing between the 
two nations. The yellow press of each 
country has been egged on by a few 
irresponsible European writers. A con- 
tributor to the Japan Weekly Mail 
quoting from this article caHs atten- 
tion to the fact that **the Interna- 
tional Press Association, which includes 
every representative in Tokyo of Amer- 
ican and European journals, at a meet- 

ing held in that city recently, adopted 
a resolution declaring that newspaper 
men in Japan are unable to discover 
any basis in the circumstances or sen- 
timent in Japan warranting the dis- 
quieting speeches now being made in 
America in regard to the alleged war- 
like attitude of the former country." 
It is time that this hoary and malicious 
lie as to impending war between Japan 
and the United States was laughed out 
of court. 

Mr. Hodous, of Foochow in writing 
to District Secretary Beard, mentions 
the fact that the officers 
ulTo!!!!^ of one of the outstation 
churches had just been to 
see him in great joy. A member of 
their church had donated a lot worth 
$200 (gold) for a church; they were 
now circulating a subscription list and 
hoped to raise $700 toward the build- 
ing. It is the fifteenth birthday of the 
church and they mean to celebrate in 
this way. Nothing shows better the 
healthy progress of the Chinese Chris- 
tians of the Foochow Mission than their 
keen desire to own their church homes 
and to bear a part or the whole of 
the expense. In sixteen years sixteen 
churches have thus acquired buildings. 

The church referred to above was 
started entirely by Chinese Christians 
fourteen years ago. The growth has 
been steady and normal, and it is 
natural that they should want a per- 
manent home now. 

Money invested in this work is used 
over and over again. Twelve years 
ago $30 came from the Talas Gospel 
Light Society, of Turkey, to a member 
of the Foochow Mission in China. The 
money had done its work in Turkey 
and was passed on to China. There it 
helped to start a day school more than 
a decade ago. Last January that day 
school, grown into a church, purchased 
a permanent home for itself. So some 
church in this country which fifty 
years ago sent money to Turkey has 
now not only a daughter church in 
Turkey, but also a granddaughte|yft[^ 
China. o 


The Roman Bridge at Miaaii 

UPON reaching Adana I found that 
it would be possible to proceed 
to Marash and Aintab overland, 
by araba and horseback, and as this 
route carried me throusrh the scenes of 
the worst massacres of April, 1909, I 
was eager to avail myself of the oppor- 
tunity. Never shall I forget that ride ! 
I want to say at the outset that we in 
America did not begin to realize the 
horror of the situations or do half 
enough in the way of aid. England, 
Germany, and even little Switzerland 
far outstripped us in relief work. It is 
not too late, however, to make up for 
our neglect ; only the relief should now 
take the direction of rebuilding churches 
and supplying them with pastors. But 
to my story. 

The shadow of ** the events of 1909 " 
(as the Armenians call it, not daring to 
use a stronger term) still rests upon 
Tarsus and Adana, the cities where Dr. 
Christie and Rev. William Chambers 
did such heroic service. At St. Paul's 
Institute I met a group of about thirty 
boys whose parents were killed in the 
neighboring villages. They were a fine- 
looking lot, and the generous friends 
who are making possible their educa- 
tion should know that the investment 
is paying well. Among those boys 
was a sturdy little fellow whose entire 
family were killed, and who himself 
escaped by hiding under the dead bod- 
ies. Dr. and Mrs. Christie are like 


father and mother to these stricken 
lads, and under such guidance we may 
expect they will become useful men 
and women and earnestly Christian. 
It is one of the sights of the world to 
see Dr. Christie moving about among 
his 250 students, at one moment in- 
specting their teeth, the next hearing a 
recitation in psychology, then rushing 
off to give them army drill, leading the 
brass band, presiding in the dining 
room, passing food to some little chap 
who has been overlooked — full of vigor 
and good cheer, practical, sympathetic, 
intellectual, evangelistic. What a great 
thing to have such a man turned loose 
in Turkey ! 

Efiit Adana! The desolation of it! 
Much building has been done, but vast 
stretches of ruins remain. Mrs. Cham- 
bers took me through the ruins, and 
recited tale after tale of horror until 
I could hear no more. "Over there," 
she said, "where they are marketing, 
2,000 persons were shot down, until the 
bodies lay in heaps." The Congrega- 
tional church rises from the midst of 
debris, fresh and attractive in its new 
edifice, a center of life and hope. The 
International Hospital, Mr. Chambers's 
creation during the second massacre 
and meant to be a permanent institu- 
tion, stands as a memorial of the awful 
days and of the kindly relief. Three 
English ladies are acting as nurses, at 
their own charges. I consider Mr. 


On the Track of the Mdssacres 


Chambers the hero of Adana par ex- 
cellence. (What men we do have out 
here !) For several days not less than 
one thousand Armenians were pro- 
tected in his dooryard, while 2,000 were 
gathered at the girls' school close by. 
Without doubt all that section of the 
city was saved from massacre and fire 
because of what was done by the mis- 
sionaries, under the leadership of Mr. 

On a Tuesday morning, bright and 
clear, we started across the famous 
Cilician plain for Marash in an araba, 
next to an automobile the most com- 
fortable vehicle invented by man. Mr. 
Chambers and Miss Elizabeth Webb 
were to go as far as Baghshe, three 
days' journey, and thus make a tour of 
certain distant churches. The plain 
stretches away as level as an Illinois 
prairie; rich in soil, fair in climate. 
No wonder the nations have battled 
for it from ancient times. Numerous 
caravans of camels and humbler animals 
were passing along the rough roadway 
which leads to the Euphrates Valley 
and the Far East. It was one perpetual 
panorama of Oriental life, fascinating 
beyond description to a novice like my- 
self. I saw Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob 
within the space of half an hour, and 

would have liked nothing better than 
to have stopped at one spot a whole 
day, with camera set up to photograph 
the moving throng. 

We lunched at Missis, ancient Mop- 
suestia (those versed in church history 
will remember the famous Bishop Theo- 
dore of this place), but now a strag- 
gling, dirty little village. Only the old 
Roman bridge remains to remind one of 
the departed glory. Here was a horrible 
massacre, the details of which I did not 
learn as the Board has no work at this 
place. Sunset brought us to Hamidieh, 
where we had our first experience of 
a Turkish khan — not so bad after all. 
We walked out to the little church, un- 
used since the massacre — a crude affair, 
not up to the standard of the region ; 
and while we were there a little com- 
pany of poor people gathered about Mr. 
Chambers and pleaded for a preacher 
to be sent to them, pledging themselves 
to give liberally toward his support. I 
crept off to one side and photographed 
the group. This was indeed missions 
at first-hand. How many times at 
Prudential Committee meetings I had 
listened to letters from missionaries 
describing just such scenes ! Somehow 
it was different seeing those eager peo- 
ple and listening to their story of need ; 


ONE morning's infirmary PATIENTS AT AD AN A HOSPITAL 

and I told them I would report their 
appeal to America and that perhaps 
some good friend would send the extra 
$100 needed. Hamidieh is the place 
where the Turks days before the mas- 
sacres made a list of every Christian 
and then went systematically about 
to kill them. The bodies were found 
on the river bank and checked off. The 
few that were unaccounted for were 
then hunted down by a minute search. 
A more diabolical action can hardly be 
imagined. Even so three of our people 
escaped. We met these men in the 
evening and talked and prayed with 
them. One was the druggist of the 
village, and was spared because he was 
needed. He told us he would soon 
move away, as he could not live where 
there was no church and no school. 

The next night at Osmaniyeh ! The 
sun was near the horizon when we 
stood over the spot where those twelve 
splendid pastors, on their way to the 
annual meeting, were buried alive. 
One was my college classmate, Levo- 
nian. Strange thoughts arose in me, 
and, when murderous-looking Turks 
gathered around, my first feelings were 
not those of a missionary secretary. 
God forgive them ; they did not know, 
could not know, they were killing their 
best friends. But it seemed strange to 


be walking through a town and to know 
that two out of every three men you 
met were murderers. 

Seven men who escaped the awful 
slaughter met us at the house of a 
Christian that evening. I wish I 
could picture the scene: the little 
room,' the dim light, and the faces 
of the men seated on the floor. A 
mongol, or brazier, burned in the cen- 
ter, and with its bed of coals gave 
forth a glow that lighted up their 
bronzed faces. Each man told his tale 
of a marvelous escape from the Mos- 
lems, and to each it seemed as if God 
had spared him in prder that he might 
devote his life to God's service in some 
special way. One crept under a carpet 
and remained undiscovered, although 
four Turkish soldiers looked under- 
neath. Another hid in a chimney with 
his feet not more than twelve inches 
from the fireplace. A soldier looked 
up the flue but did not discover him. 
Still another was disguised as a woman 
by a friendly Moslem and was con- 
ducted through the main streets of the 
town. These men, at the suggestion 
of Mr. Chambers, are planning to build 
a church as a martyrs' memorial and to 
ask their fellow-Christians in Turkey 
and elsewhere to help. Who will take 
a hand in this good enterprise ? 


On the Track of the Massacres 


Baghshe, the third night. Mr. Mc- 
Callum came over from Marash to take 
me in charge, and we met him with 
two native pastors far out on the road. 
A service was held in the excellent 
stone church, in which I sought to give 
the heartbroken people some of God's 
comfort. The widows came up in a 
crowd after church and pleaded for 
help. Oh ! but it was a pitiful sight ; 
husbands gone, brothers gone, sons all 
gone, and no work. **Pray tell us, 
effendi, what can we do ? " I could not 
answer them, and ordinary words of 
consolation stuck in my throat. The 
Gregorian priest was present, and as 
they filed out of the church into the 
cold night he shouted at them, ** Pray, 
pray to God; only God can help you 
now." Somehow the words sounded 
hollow and professional, and I was glad 
to see that Mr. Chambers and Miss 
Webb were intent on devising some 
scheme of relief. 

The agony of the situation in all this 
region is that our pastors have been 
killed off and there is no one to give 
comfort and help. These people have 
lost their all for the sake of Christ, and 
at the very time when they need most 
the comfort of their religion there is 
none to administer it. 

Baghshe is the place where some two 
thousand Armenians, mostly women, 
were kept in the government building 
and in the churches awaiting massacre, 
when Dr. Shepard returned from Ain- 
tab and rescued them. They think of 
him as an angel of light. 

The trip from Baghshe to Marash 
was on horseback through the wild 
Amanus range. A trusty soldier, a 
Christian too, furnished by the govern- 
ment, led us and became responsible 
for our safe arrival, at least so far as 
robbers are concerned. A night was 
spent at Fundajak, where we stayed at 
the pastor's house and spoke in the 
attractive stone church — the people 
squatting on the floor, men on one side. 
women on the other. Dim light, weird 
costumes, a sea of faces — a scene to 
live in the memory. There was no 
massacre here, but many of the men 

were working at Adana and never 

Up to this point the journey had 
been saddening in the extreme. My 
spirits were depressed as there came 
to my ears tale after tale of such sor- 
row and distress as we never see in 
America. I found myself saying again 
and again : Is there any hope for this 
martyr people? Can they find the 
courage to build their ruined homes 
even if money is obtained; and can 
they live on in the midst of people 
who have shown such fiendish hate ? I 


found my answer at Marash. As we 
rode to that great center of mission- 
ary work we passed a little Armenian 
hamlet in the mountains. It was late 
Saturday morning and all the people 
were out and at work. The sun was 
shining merrily. At the doors were 
women carding wool, children sleeping 
at their feet. The yards were full of 
domestic animals, the brute friends of 
man who fail him not in sorrow or suc- 
cess. Several men were dressing the 
goats they had killed for the Sunday 
feast, interested neighbors standing 
about. A group of maidens were wash- 
ing clothes at the village fountain. 
Every living thing seemed to be full 
of joy and hope. And this, I said, is 
Armenia, crushed, bleeding Armenia! 


New Times in Ancient Greece 


Yes, the people will again show their 
patience and faith. Surely they are 
among the most wonderful people of 
the earth ! 

Marash is full of them, and here you 
see them at their best or very close to 
their best. Three splendid churches, 
with 2,000 persons studying the Bible 
every Sunday morning, the vast array 
of schools, the 1,000 orphans gathered 
in their homes, the widows at work 
under Miss Salmond, earning a living 
through her industrial institutions — 
these are indisputable signs of Arme- 
nia's rising again from the ashes and 

putting on new life and hope. I say 
nothing about the Girls' CJollege and the 
Theological Seminary at Marash, but 
content m3rself with mentioning the 
beneficent institutions which showed 
that the trail of the massacres leads to 
hope. I am writing at Aintab, where 
as great things can be shown, and I 
am thinking of a dozen other stations 
where the good work is being done. 
We must keep it up ; we must greatly 
re-enforce it ; we must push on here un- 
til love reigns throughout Turkey and 
such things as massacres and famine 
are no more. 


By Rev. G. E. WHITE, d.d., op Marsovan, Turkey 

IN one of their marvelous old myths 
the Greeks were told how Perseph- 
one while picking flowers was over- 
come by Pluto and carried away to the 
nether world. But when the child of 
Mother Earth thus disappeared, the 
beauty and the bounty of nature were 
gone, and earth and heaven were moved. 
So the great powers of those days in- 
terfered and granted Persephone a par- 
tial restoration to this world, and by. 
this intervention the order of nature 
was re-established. 

Persephone may stand for the Greeks. 
Five hundred years ago their empire, 
the Byzantine, with its capital at Con- 
stantinople, was overcome piecemeal by 
Turkish swords and buried out of sight. 
Historians inform us that the Greeks 
were then degenerate, that they were 
occupied with flummeries instead of with 
the serious business of life, that their 
Christianity was an outward show, un- 
able to stand before sincere Mohamme- 
dan faith. Nevertheless the world was 
troubled at the hard fate of a classic 
people, and in 1828 the great Powers 
gladly officiated at the ceremonies by 
which a Greek kingdom was reconsti- 
tuted, and about one-third of the race 
attained a fair chance in life again. 
Since then the Greeks have been striv- 

ing to recover what was once their 

Of late the Greeks have been taking 
stock of their resources with reference 
to the struggle which they believe is 
impending between themselves and the 
Turks, and they are not wholly happy 
over the result. There are too many 
politicians in proportion to the potato 
crop. There are charges of graft on 
every hand. An incipient revolution 
last year swept several members of the 
royal family out of high office, and has 
been followed by an attempted reform 
of the army and navy. In October came 
a fresh overturning, when Venizelos 
the Cretan, the speaker of the Cretan 
Chamber of Deputies, was summoned 
by King George to be prinie minister 
of Greece. Visitors to Athens in No- 
vember found all hopes centered in the 
new cabinet, in which Venizelos is en- 
listing some of the strong Greeks from 
the foreign colonies. The old parliamen- 
tary leaders have been set aside. Par- 
liament itself, being split into parties 
and more devoted to oratory than to 
business, has been dissolved, and new 
elections are appointed for an early 
date in December. The main features 
of Venizelos' program are : (1) Prompt 
execution of justice through the courts. 


The Day*8 Round on an Outreaching Tour 


where cases have sometimes dragged 
along for years. (2) Development of 
agriculture, to which end a new min- 
istry of agriculture and commerce 
headed by a successful farmer is being 
organized. (3) Peace, leaving to some 
future date the question of Crete and 
the Ottoman Greeks. Venizelos appeals 
from the politicians to the people, and 
has the advantage which belongs to a 
man of clear vision, who sees what is 
needed and uses straightforward meth- 
ods to attain it. 

The present stir among the people 
of the Levant is not religious, but 
political and social. In front of the 
University of Athens is a statue 
of the Patriarch Gregory, who was 
hanged by the Turks in front of the 
Patriarchate in Constantinople on the 
outbreak of the Greek rebellion in 1821. 
But among the 2,000 students of the 
university there is no Young Men's 
Christian Association, and there cannot 
be. The Greek Orthodox Church is 
primarily a social and national bond 
among its people; its spiritual influ- 

ence counts for but little. One of the 
outstanding figures in Athens, how- 
ever, is Rev. M. D. Kalopothakes, 
a Spartan by birth, a graduate of 
Union Seminary in the class of 1856 
and a militant champion of evangelical 
Christianity for over half a century. 
He has preached' the gospel, founded 
churches, and administered them; as 
agent of the British and Foreign Bible 
Society he has circulated over 300,000 
copies of the Word whose entrance 
giveth light; at last he has seen the 
Scriptures adopted in the public schools; 
he has made his paper, Ilie Star in the 
East, a power, and has published tracts 
and booklets without number ; his ene- 
mies could neither ignore nor silence 
the fearless preacher, and he is still 
bringing forth fruit in old age. It is 
a long step socially from the modest 
Protestant chapel to the royal palace, 
but Queen Olga the Russian has tasted 
the spirit of the gospel and found it 
good, and she has many ways of com- 
mending its truth and comfort among 
her people. 

The Dy^^^'S 



By Rev. HENRY A. NEIPP, op Ochileso, West Africa 

ASIDE from conducting such reli- 
gious, educational, medical, and 
industrial activities as are main- 
tained at each of our five stations, 
every missionary in order to reach the 
out of the way places must leave the 
comfort of his station to spend days in 
village work. 

To gain an idea of that work let us 
start oh one of these evangelistic tours. 
We cannot travel more than three and 
one-half miles an hour, an average of 
eighteen miles a day, and it would re- 
quire months to visit all the villages of 
our immense parish. A dozen Chris- 

tian boys have been engaged and are 
eager to accompany us, to help in the 
singing and preaching, and as well in 
carrying the camp outfit. The trip 
will be a continuous picnic, so before 
we start let us be sure that we have 
everything needed, and that our food 
box is well filled. In African villages 
we find no grocery stores at which to 
replenish our larder, though we may 
buy some corn, sweet potatoes, dried 
beans, and small chickens ; the salt we 
carry with us, as well as the thread, 
needles, handkerchiefs, and other small [^ 
wares. We have also a little medicine^ 

The mission residence at Ochileso 

for the missionary is expected to know 

It is seven o'clock a.m., our loads 
are tied up, native fashion, between 
two sticks, and our little caravan starts 
off on winding paths, wading rivers or 
crossing them on shaky bridges, up hill 
and down dale. I am sure you will like 
our newly made monocycle. See the 
six coiled bedsprings to which the seat 
is suspended and that take away most 
of the heavy jolting when we ride over 
stones and ruts — and we will find plenty 
of these in our path. Walking in Africa 
is tiresome, especially in the heat of 
the day; horse and donkey have died. 
After a trial of our cart you will, I 
am sure, discard the native mode of 
conveyance, namely, being carried in a 
hammock hung from men's shoulders. 

As we ride on let me tell you that 
the natives have responded to an ap- 
peal made to them last year to clear 
some roads, so that we may the more 
readily go to them, and that they may 
have a constant reminder to come to 
our station and attend the services. 
Hundreds of men and women worked 
for weeks without any pay. We laid 
bridges over rivers, drained marshes 
for the safety and comfort of all trav- 
elers, and meanwhile carried on our 
evangelistic work. 


After having reached a grroup of vil- 
lages we go to one hut which is a sort 
of club house for the men, where they 
spend most of their spare time and 
always take their meals. As soon as 
the loads arrive the boys will find a 
clean place where to pitch our tent. 
In the middle of the day villages seem 
deserted. Here is a difficulty in our 
evangelistic work: we must always 
wait until evening to have the people 
come together. Earlier the women 
are working in the fields, the men 
hunting, cutting trees, or attending to 
their beehives. At about four o'clock 
the women come back heavily laden 
with corn and other vegetables or with 
firewood, all carried in a basket on their 
heads, while their babies are tied on 
their backs. Soon after, the men ap- 
pear ; but do not be in a hurry to greet 
them; etiquette requires the host to 
give the first greeting to visitors. 
Therefore they clap their hands toward 
you while saying, ** Kalunga, kalunga" ; 
you answer with the same words. The 
women also come, bending forward with 
their pretty greetings. The children 
sitting on the ground have already 
made a circle about us, waiting ''to 
sing Jesus," as they say. Mrs. Neipp, 
who is with us today, will teach them 
while we are chatting with the men. 


The Day^a Round on an Outreachvng Tour 


who enjoy the opportunity. Mean- 
while our dinner is in preparation, 
under the supervision of our native 

Soon after dusk we begin our even- 
ing meeting, which all attend; as a 
rule fifty to two hundred people will 
be present. Able Christian boys have 
been sent to the neighboring villages, 
and wiji \\ii\i\ ijntr ur two meetings 
there; thus we improve our chance to 
reach a large number of people in one 
evening. These meetings are usually 
held in the club house already men- 
tioned, called ''Onjango." A big fire 
is lit in the center. Any musical in- 
strument we have brought along is a 
great help in the singing and is highly 
enjoyed, it is so difl^erent from the 
monotonous African music. At these 
meetings most of the people sit on the 
ground; only the first comers sit on 
the few stools, the younger people 
always giving their seats to their 

After a few songs a portion of the 
Scripture is read and explained in the 
native tongue, and it must be very 
plain and well adapted to the congre- 
gation. The message of a loving God, 
who gave his only begotton Son to save 

them from guilt of sin which they ig- 
nore, is so new that it takes time for 
the African heart to understand and 
grasp the truth ; heavy plowing must 
be done before the soil can receive the 
good seed, much less put forth the liv- 
ing blade. However, in our village 
work, if we are not allowed to see 
sudden conversion, we can discover 
that a strong influence is being spread 
among the people, and this is the 
leaven that will leaven the whole lump. 
After the meeting is over you will hear 
many gratifying remarks as to the 
truth of the message, together with 
eager wishes for a school in which to 
learn to read words in books and to 
write ; also to accept the Word of God. 
Usually the immediate result of such 
visits is seen in better attendance at 
Sunday services; these villagers will 
come from a two to three hours' dis- 
tance, bringing their little children with 
them ; the latter frequently enter the 
school and finally remain on the sta- 
tion, becoming church members. On 
one occasion a man said, ** Had I heard 
you before I would not have allowed my 
oxen to be killed at our last festival" 
(a feast to evil spirits). At times we 
meet men who will repeat to others all 



we tell them, Onee, two days from home, 
when I met a party of tiien on the path, one 
of them was telling the others about a meet- 
ing we had held two or three months before; 
he was giving them all the details of the meet- 
ing and repeating its message. Upon seeing 
us he was delighted, and turning to his com- 
panions said, "Here is the man himself; let 
us hear further." 

I have many other instances, very 
dear to me, by which I can prove that 
the Word scattered upon the waters 
has not been lost. In the early days of 
our mission the people would flee at 
the approach of the missionary. Now, 
as soon as we are recognized, they 
welcome us, and entertain us jnd our 
helpers as well as they can. I am sure 



Crude natives suspiciously watchinir the 

missionaries* arrival 

that you will return from our evan- 
gelistic tour convinced that, had we an 
adequate force of missionaries and. 
evangelists, with so effective a gospel, 
we should soon win the whole country 
for Christ. However, we are agreed 
that this itinerary work can be done by 
the native evangelists, who, if properly 
trained, are very efficient, and will 
travel in their way with less wear and 
tear than the white missionaries, who, 
moreover, have enough to do in super- 
intending them and in visiting outside 
schools taught by native teachers. 

But do you know that, while all the 
other missions of the American Board 
have colleges and high schools, our 
West Central African Mission has not 
yet a training school where native 
teachers and evangelists can be pre- 
pared for such itinerating and for more 
aggressive methods of work ? With all 
the cares of the station it is impossible 
to find time to give to that special in- 
struction. Yet the opening of such in- 
stitutes would enable us to send out 
a larger number of better trained men, 
who would plant schools all over the 
district; and this is indeed the best 
way to evangelize the country. 

We have a fine lot of young men 
ready for the training, and they are 


Rev. Herbert MarBerui Alien 


eagerly waiting: for that higher educa- 
tion in order to consecrate their lives 
to missionary work for their people. 
'Now is the time to make a move for- 
ward; the rising generation has lost 
faith in the superstitions of their fa- 
thers. If we neglect the opportunity, 
Angola will adopt a civilization without 

the gospel, as it is being thrust on 
them by the white traders. 

We sorely need your prayers, to- 
gether with your money for the build- 
ing, the machinery, and the necessary 
staff of teachers for that school. Will 
you help us as we try in your name and 
in His to help Africa? 


By Rev. JOSEPH K. GREENE, d.d., op Constantinople 

A CABLE dispatch, received in Bos- 
ton on January 25, brought the 
sad news of the death of Rev. 
Herbert M. Allen at Constantinople on 
the day before. Reports of his illness 
from pneumonia had already reached 
his friends, but they 
were assured at the 
same time that he 
was improving. To 
the widow and six 
children, to the ven- 
erable father, to sis- 
ter and brother, and 
to a large circle of 
friends, Mr. Allen's 
death is an irretriev- 
able loss. All his as- 
sociates and friends 
extend to the mourn- 
ing family the deep- 
est, tenderest sym- 

Mr. Allen's father 
and mother were 
among the first and 
most devoted mis- 
sionaries sent to Harpoot, and there 
Herbert was bom on March 8, 1865. 
He was graduated at Williams College 
in 1888, and went at once to visit his 
home in Turkey. In 1889 he accom- 
panied Rev. James L. Barton, then a 
missionary at Harpoot, on a journey 
to Kurdistan. In 1890 he returned 
to America and entered Bangor Theo- 
logical Seminary, graduating from tbe 
seminary in 1893. He was married to 
Miss Ellen Ropes Ladd, and the same 


year he and his bride were sent as 
missionaries to Van. 

Acquainted from boyhood witli the 
Armenian language and familiar with 
the thoughts, customs, and needs of 
the people, Mr. Allen entered at once 
on his missionary 
work. Impressed by 
the noble characters 
which stand forth in 
Armenian history and 
by the proud records 
of the Armenian peo- 
ple—truly a martyr 
race — and sympa- 
thizing profoundly 
with the Armenians 
in their poverty, their 
trials, and their aspi- 
rations, Mr. Allen se- 
cured to a remarkable 
degree the confidence 
and friendship of the 
people. Herein, nat- 
urally, was found the 
basis of his influ- 
ence and usefulness, 
whether as principal of the boys' high 
school or as a preacher in the city or 
touring evangelist among the villages. 
After the dreadful massacres of 1896, 
Mr. Allen was sent to Persia by a relief 
committee to purchase oxen for the 
surviving peasants; and through the 
gift of oxen and seed the poor people 
were once more able to cultivate their 
fields and save themselves from starva- 
tion. Distressed by scenes of suffering 
and worn out by labor Mr. Allen and 


Feasted by Bankers 


family returned to America in 1898. • 
Taking his release from the Board the 
same year, Mr. Allen was engaged in 
Cuban relief work for a while, and 
then, in connection with the Massachu- 
setts Home Missionary Society, he had 
charge for a few years of the religious 
work among the Armenians settled in 
the state, and published with much 
success an Armenian newspaper called 
the Gochnag, which later was removed 
to New York and enlarged in its field. 
In 1903 Mr. and Mrs. Allen were re- 
appointed missionaries, and for two 
years Mr. Allen, in the absence of Dr. 
Robert Chambers, the principal, had 
charge of the boys* high school at Bar- 
dezag. Subsequently he entered upon 
what was supposed to be his life work, 
namely the editorship of the mission- 
ary paper, the Avedaper. For this 
work Mr. Allen was prepared by ex- 

tensive travel in Asia Minor, by broad 
information, by a fine literary taste 
and a facile pen. The American Board 
has had no missionary with a more 
thorough acquaintance with Armenian 
history or with a deeper love for the 
people; and he that loved much was 
also much beloved. During his few 
years in Constantinople Mr. Allen se- 
cured high esteem by reason of his pure 
and modest life, his talents and attain- 
ments. As a preacher he was a favorite 
both in Armenian circles and in the 
colleges ; in newspaper publications and 
in preaching he had high ideals, which 
he labored hard to realize. His un- 
timely death in the vigor of manhood 
was a great shock, and his loss will 
be widely and deeply lamented. God 
buries the workers, but in his own all- 
wise and inscrutable way he saves the 


By Rev. WYNN C. FAIRFIELD, of Taikuhsien, Shansi, China 

LAST week the men of the mission 
were invited to a feast in the city 
given by one of the banks with 
which we deal. The invitation was de- 
livered in person by two of the lesser 
bank officials several days before, but 
on the day of the feast they came again 
to tell the guests, " Come, for the feast 
is now ready." Mr. Corbin was not 
able to go, and Dr. Williams preferred 
to hand over the honors to younger 
appetites, so only Dr. Hemingway and 
I went from this compound. From the 
other compound came Mr. Staub and 
Mr. K'ung. 

When we arrived at the bank we 
were conducted through the offices to a 
room in the rear, where a plate of fruit 
was set before each of us. After some 
general conversation, we were led into 
the banquet room, where four of the 
bank officials joined us at the round 
table. As the latest comer to the city, 
I was made guest of honor and had 
to sit in the chief place and partake 

first of every dish. When we sat down 
there were eleven cold dishes on the 
table — sweetmeats, dried eggs (re- 
ported to be 200 years old, but prob- 
ably only two months), varieties of 
seaweed, sliced fruit, and so forth. 
Then the hot dishes began to come on. 
Each was ceremoniously placed in 
the center of the table and some one 
of the other dishes removed. I was 
not able to keep track of all the dishes, 
but there must have been thirty 
or more. As each was served, I, as 
chief guest, had to help myself from 
it with my chopsticks, and then the 
others were free to follow. Our hosts 
were good enough to supply us foreign- 
ers with plates as intermediaries be- 
tween us and the central dish, but with 
them everything went directly from 
dish to mouth, unless it stopped for a 
second in the dish of vinegar at each 

Our menu was naturally varied. Sea 
food of various sorts is very popular 


Feasted by Bankers 


here, and we had a number of dishes 
of it. There were several kinds of 
meat — beef, pork, chicken in a number 
of ways, shredded clams, and, most 
gorgeous of all, a fine duck. This was 
served in a kind of chafing dish and 
was deliciously tender. All the meats, 
in fact, were broken apart easily with 
chopsticks. Most of the bones had 
been removed from the duck, and we 
plunged in at random until it was 
broken up into sufficiently small por- 
tions to be conveyed to the mouth. 
A number of the dishes were cooked in 
syrup — pears, peaches, and yams, lotus 
seeds with candied cherries, fermented 
rice, and several others, " too numerous 
to mention '' even if I could remember 
them. The last course in such a feast 
is always rice. One is supposed to pre- 
pare his bowl of rice with the gravies 
from the various hot dishes still on the 
table and then eat it down to the last 
grain ; but I did not hold out so far. 
When the feast was over we went 
back to the room where we had been 
received, for neither in China is it fit- 
ting to " eat and run. " Then the bank 
officials were very glad to show the 
ignorant foreigner the shape in which 
the silver comes to them, in fifty-ounce 
ingots cast more or less in the shape 
of a shoe. Their chests contained the 
largest pieces of silver bullion that I 
had ever seen. On the floor of the 
room where we were received, $500 
(gold) worth of cash were piled up in 
strings purporting to contain 1,000 cash 
each, so that approximately 1,000,000 
cash were in the pile. I understand 
that in one station in China, where they 
use cash exclusively, they have to send 
a cart to t1ie bank to bring the compara- 
tively few dollars they use on pay days. 
What did all this banquet have to 
do with our work as Christian mission- 
aries? Some people would say that 

they did not send out their missionaries 
to feast with bankers; yet hospitality 
has a very direct bearing on our work. 
It helps us to get acquainted, perhaps 
win friendship with important business 
men. Taikuhsien is a city of 20,000 
people, with forty-five banks and a 
number of jewelry shops. Later in 
the afternoon we saw two pearjs val- 
ued at $1,100. It is one of the richest 
cities for its size in all China, and the 
Master did not refuse to sit at meat 
with the rich as well as with the poor. 
Moreover, and again like our Master, 
we had the chance in conversation at 
the table to speak of the Heavenly 
Father in a perfectly natural way. 
Permission was asked and given at 
the beginning of the meal for the 
Christian to give thanks, and it had 
to be explained that we regarded all 
good things as having been given by 
God. Later in the meal a question 
from the manager of the bank gave 
Mr. K'ung, the principal of our Ober- 
lin Academy, the chance to explain 
why we missionaries are here. Our 
host had the idea that we were sent out 
by our government for some political 
reason, and that therefore we had no 
specially unselfish interest in the Chi- 
nese themselves. Such ideas seem to 
be still quite common, and it is best 
that they should be dispelled in some 
natural way as this. So the hours spent 
there were far from wasted; no one 
knows what seed may have been planted 
that may bear fruit, though we never 
recognize it. One banker has joined 
our church already and is an earnest 
-worker in it. We are not having un- 
due regard for the outward appear- 
ance, for most of our church members 
are not by any means comfortably well 
off. We simply regard it as duty to 
touch our city life at every possible 

igitized by VjOOQIC 


The Board has three big months in 
its treasury receipts, December, Janu- 
ary, and August. The first two are 
occasioned by the church treasurers 
settling up their year's accounts in prep- 
aration for the reports to their annual 
meetings. It was feared that the efforts 
of the Apportionment Commission and 
of the societies to gather in every last 
dollar for the 1910 Year-Book would 
cause a very bad report in January in 
contrast to last year. With this expec- 
tation, we ought to be satisfied with 
the excellent total from the churches 
this month — $41,070. It does not 
equal by $1,200 last year's figures, but 
the individuals increased nearly $500 
and the young people $150, leaving 
a net decrease of only $570 from Janu- 
ary, 1910. The portion of the report 
not given this month looks very bad, 
for we have fallen off over $7,000 in 
legacies and over $1,500 in conditional 
gifts ; yet, of course, we cannot exactly 

blame any one for not fulfilling condi- 
tions which make these gifts possible. 
We rejoice that all our friends seem 
well and hearty. 

Next month completes the first half 
year, and we expect to show in graphic 
form the exact situation of the treas- 
ury. The uppermost thought at this 
moment is the desire to find five indi- 
viduals who would like to assume the 
cost of the five missionary residences 
we are now to build. They are abso- 
lutely necessary and can be delayed no 
longer. They range in price from 
$1,500 to $3,000. Nothing would help 
the treasury more and nothing would 
seem to be a more attractive oppor- 
tunity for one who would like to invest 
a small sum as a memorial to some 
friend or member of the family. One 
man offers $25 for the residence in 
Chikore, Africa (see, "Wanted! A 
House" in the February Herald), if 
others will join him with extra gifts. 

Receipts Available for Regular Appropriations 



S. S. and 
Y. P. S. 

C. E. 

From From 
Twentieth Matured 
Century Fund i Conditional 
and Legacies I Gifts 

from Funds 



f42,274 62 















For Five Months to January 81 











; $5,778.46 




i ^$171.76 






Home Department 



What is the most inspiring and spirit- 
ually helpful task that falls to the Home 
Secretary? Dr. Patton has often said 
that it is the correspondence with the 
candidates who are looking forward to 
the field. This one portion of the cor- 
respondence and of the entire task of 
the secretaryship stands out distinct 
because it grips the heart more person- 
ally and searches the spirit more closely 
than any other. Imagine yourself com- 
ing into the office to dictate on a dozen 
different topics from the piles of letters 
on the desk. You can possibly cherish 
a businesslike precision, or model the 
office work on the lines of efficient busi- 
ness enterprises. But here you hold in 
your hand a letter from a young woman 
who for ten years has been fighting for 
her education, working for her board 
and room while she won a few months' 
schooling in each year, and now, after 
the college is finished, offering her life 
for service in the foreign field as the 
leader of a group of Bible-women in 
some distant land ; or it may be some 
young man who is laying aside his per- 
sonal ambition and his love of country 
to answer the great call Of Christ to 
represent him before some of the needy 
ones of the world. Haste is impossible, 
routine is forgotten, as one must try 
faithfully, sympathetically, and ear- 
nestly to answer the questions that are 
asked or to secure the right information 
desired by the Prudential Committee 
for its decisions. Five years in the min- 
istry brought to me personally few such 
searching tests nor any such spiritual 
stimulus as this correspondence calls 

Is there much of it ? The entire time 
of one stenographer goes into nothing 
else than candidate correspondence. We 
are probably in touch with three hun- 
dred Congregational Volunteers for fu- 
ture years of missionary service. We 
are doubtless corresponding with a hun- 
dred men and women who desire to go 
this year, and this number does not 
include at least twice as many who write 
merely one or two preliminary letters 

to find what missionary service is like 
and what our needs are, for these are 
mere inquiries and do not pass on to 
earnest correspondence. We hope to 
be able to publish next month a list of 
the new missionaries already under 
appointment, and the missions to which 
they will probably go. After the splen- 
did group of last year, it seemed impos- 
sible to hope that it could be duplicated, 
but this year already promises a group 
far above the average. On a recent 
journey into the Middle West it was 
possible in three days to interview thirty- 
nine different students who were look- 
ing forward to this noble service. It 
seems an easy thing for these young 
people to discuss their choice between 
one country or another, or the impor- 
tance of medical work as against preach- 
ing ; but the beautiful thing about it is 
the fact that wherever they go and 
whatever they do their life represents 
the last degree of willingness to use life 
for the kingdom of Christ. They speak 
the final word of full surrender for 
service. So long as Christ the Lord 
can gather around him groups of young 
men and women with this mighty pur- 
pose in their hearts, so long must the 
church listen eagerly to their challenge. 


Before and After Taking. This 
morning I went over Mechanics Hall 
with Mr. Cotton, who came over from 
England to handle many of the details 
of the great Ebcposition. It is a labor of 
the imagination to see those bare rooms 
filled with a throng of world travel- 
ers, catching on every side glimpses 
of strange costumes, foreign scenes, 
weird strains of Oriental music, while 
in the distance rises the chorus of a 
thousand voices, rendering the pageant, 
"From Darkness to light." Those 
outside of Boston can hardly appreciate 
the tremendous work of preparation 
now going on. Pour hundred leaders 
of mission study classes were trained 
last spring and fall to lead as many 
classes; 9,500 stewards have been en-i[^ 
rolled from all the churches of Created 


Home Department 


Boston and are now studying the vari- 
ous countries in which they will serve 
as guides and exhibitors; 400 stew- 
ards will come up from Providence on 
a special train to spend Saturday in 
the Exposition; a large band of stu- 
dents will come down from Dartmouth 
for definite periods to lend assistance ; 
2,000 young people, in addition to the 
other army, have been enrolled in the 
chorus. This number will reach 3,000 
in a week or two, although a thou- 
sand voices will be the limit at any 
single performance. 

Exh'Udts. The exhibits present an 
interesting problem. They are coming 
from all comers of the earth. Mr. 
Churchill's hand loom has been sent 
over from India and will be seen at 
work. It is hoped that this loom will 
assist India to withstand the competi- 
tion of England in the production of 
cotton cloth. A large model of our 
mission plant in Madura and Pasumalai 
is also on the way in sections. Dr. 
Tucker's outfit from China, of more 
than one hundred articles, is now en 
route by freight from Nebraska to us 
in Boston. A splendid exhibit from Dr. 
Thompson and Mr. Neipp, of Africa, is 
also headed this way. A group of young 
people are at work making a model 
of a coral island for our exhibit in the 
South Seas. This morning comes a copy 
of the New Testament from an Arme- 
nian Christian. It was the only thing 
left to him after the massacre and loot- 
ing of the Turkish soldiers had swept 
over his home. The last half of it has 
been gashed with a Turkish dagger as 
a particular mark of insult to the sacred 
book of the Christians. One steward 
will display this particular book and 
tell the story of the massacre. 

If any friends or missionaries in this 
country have in their possession curios 
of this kind that can be described in 
story form, or that are connected with 
great historical events on the foreign 
field, will they not please communicate 
with the Home Department immediately 
and let us explain the grreat care being 
taken in insuring and guarding all such 
curios loaned us. We need a large num- 

ber of such objects. We want every 
Sunday school teacher in New England 
who can get a day off to spend that 
day with us here. We want missionary 
committees to come in a body to study 
the question of producing interesting 
missionary meetings next fall and win- 
ter. We will also have plans worked 
out for out-of-doors missionary picnics 
this summer and attractive plans by 
which a group of a half dozen children 
can prepare a little missionary exposi- 
tion in their own yard, to which their 
little friends can be invited and which 
would prove valuable in developing the 
missionary spirit. You will be able to 
secure from the Board Rooms costumes 
and the speaking parts from which exer- 
cises can be prepared. In short, novel 
features from The World in Boston will 
become the basis of the educational 
work of the Board for this coming 

A Spiritual Inspiration. Every step 
of this movement has been guided by 
prayer. A weekly prayer meeting has 
been held here in the Congregational 
House for a year past; a day of prayer 
was recently held, attended by scores of 
leaders, lieutenants, pastors and stew- 
ards. Every one of the rehearsals for 
the pageant will be begun with prayer 
by the pastor of the church. The great 
mass meetings for stewards which have 
packed Tremont Temple and the other 
large churches of the vicinity have been 
"begun, continued, and ended " in this 
same spirit. In all the instructions .to 
these participating young people the 
spiritual element predominates. This 
will not be a show, nor will the pag- 
eant in the least degree approximate 
a "spectacle." It is a determined at- 
tempt to make a deep and lasting spirit- 
ual impression through "eye gate" on 
a scale never before attempted in this 
country, but which will evidently be- 
come a leading feature of missionary 
education in the coming years. Already 
four expositions have been definitely 
planned in Toronto, Rochester, Kansas 
City, and Cleveland, while a dozen other 
cities have begun negotiations looking 
toward dateii^^zed by VjOOglC 


Home Department 


It is estimated that 120,000 people will 
probably attend the Boston Exposition. 


A new edition of the **Far-Flung 
Battle Line," by Brewer Eddy, is off 
the press— a brief folder for free dis- 
tribution outlining the various branches 
of the Board's work, aimed at business 
men, and with six interesting illustra- 
tions. Send for a small quantity for 
distribution. The next number of the 
News Bulletin will be out March first. 


** I just did not dare offer the medals 
to the Sunday school, for I knew that 
they would do their level best any way ; 
and I was not disappointed in the offer- 
ing on Sunday, when we had an attend- 
ance of eighty-three and an offering of 
$24.01 (which of course we will make 
$25). This may not seem large to you, 
but remember that this is a mill village. 
Owing to lack of water, some of our 
X>eople have not had a full week's work 
since last July. The money came from 
everybody, no big lumps from one or 
two. Nickels, dimes, quarters, and 
halves made up a large portion of the 

*• Dr Bradley Eddy 

I heard that a boy that goes to my 
Sunday School sent you a letter. 

I suppose you heard about the Jersey 
Central wreck It was one licke the 
grand central railroad only diffrent 
things exploded the Grand central was 
a gas explosion and the Jersey Central 
was a dynimint exprosion. 

My mother was to Portland Maine 
and while she was there she visited 
Boston The family next door have a 
Boston bull We have lots of fun in 
summer We play city and country, 
blindmans buff the way we playit is not 
the regular way it is played this way 
you cannon get off the sidewalk and tag 
off cause you could not leav out tag 
your truly Henry " 


[See Calendar of Prayer in the American Board 
Almanac for 19U] 


NORTHERN CHINA (Chihli and Shanai) 

80 MiMionariea 

11 Churches, with 4.166. Members 
2S3 Natire Laborers. 1.435 PapUs in Schools 

Nearly one-seventh of the 590 mis- 
sionaries of the American Board are 
working in the two Chinese provinces 
of Chihli and Shansi. Together these 
provinces have a population estimated 
at over 33,000,000. Chihli not only con- 
tains the capital of the empire but has 
lines of communication reaching out 
from Peking to all the eighteen prov- 
inces, making this region of utmost 
strategic importance politically, educa- 
tionally and religiously. The following 
points may stimulate our prayers : 

1. The government is not hostile 
either to foreigners or to missionaries. 
Since the convulsion of 1900, the change 
of temper on the part of the official 
classes has been marvelous. (See a let- 
ter from Dr. Chauncey Goodrich in the 
Missionary Herald for June, 1910.) 

2. The offer of a constitution with 
a parliament gives promise of reforms 
which make for liberty and the good of 
the nation. 

3. The determined efforts to suppress 
the cultivation of the poppy and the use 
of opium demonstrate the sincerity of 
the Chinese in this matter. The reform 
movement is progressing among all 
classes. (See a letter from Dr. Arthur 
H. Smith in the Herald for September, 
1910 ; also a report of Sir A. Hosie in 
the Herald for February, 1910.) 

4. The blood of our missionaries mar- 
tyred in Shansi ten years ago cries to 
us and should lead us to cry to God for 
courage and zeal in prosecuting the 
work of evangelization in this province. 

5. Read Mrs. Ament's article in the 
present issue as to promising work for 
women in and about Peking. 

6. Consider the important facts re- 
corded in the Wide Field and Portfolio 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

of this issue. 


Modem Education 
By Secretary JAMES L. BARTON 

ONE of the first lines of work to be 
undertaken by missionaries was 
some form of education. Chil- 
dren were brought together and 
taught. So universally was this true, 
not only of our own missionaries but 
of others, that it is clear that the 
missionaries believed the best way to 
begin their work and to give it a firm 
foundation was through the school. 
The early schools were primitive in the 
extreme, but they formed a valued 
point of contact between the mission- 
aries and the people. Out from these 
early, primitive schools, moreover, 
came the first native helpers to the 

For the first fifty years of missionary 
endeavor these schools had little grad- 
ing or classification and attracted little 
attention. That they have been greatly 
developed during the last forty or fifty 
years shows the judgment of the mis- 
sionaries as to the place of education in 
the effort to evangelize the Eastern 

It is now generally agreed that in 
order to establish the Christian Church 
and the institutions which belong to it 
in any Eastern country, there must be 
connected with that church systems 
of education for the training of the 
Christian youth ; and it is also agreed 
that such S3rstems of education must be 
open to all. It has been demonstrated 
that without such methods of educa- 
tion, including the college and theo- 
logical seminary, the missionary can 
never raise up native leaders upon 
whom the responsibilities of the work 
can be placed. 


In addition, it has been made evident 
that the Christian community must 
stand for enlightenment and education. 
This has been the record of the Protes- 
tant Christian Church everywhere and 
in all ages. The Christian communities 
in the East today command an influence 
far in excess of their numbers because 
of their superior spirit and intelligence, 
and this superiority is secured through 
the unusual Christian educational ad- 
vantages afforded them by the mission- 
ary institutions. Christianity stands as 
an intelligent faith to the people of 
the E^t, and as such it must be main- 
tained in order that it may have the 
commanding influence it deserves. 

Out of this educational endeavor 
there have grown up in the East sys- 
tems of schools which were at the be- 
ginning far in advance of any indigenous 
educational systems. Take the case of 
India. There was no modem education 
in India when the missionaries entered 
the country. For a generation or more 
a conflict was waged between the mis- 
sionary system of education, which was 
based upon the learning of the West, 
given to the people in the vernacular, 
and the Indian system, which based 
its education on the use of Sanskrit. 
The missionary plan prevailed and 
finally secured the approval of the gov- 
ernment, and has now become the sys- 
tem of education throughout India. 
English is taught in all the mission 
schools as the classic modem language, 
since the government of India is in the 
hands of the English people, and it is 
manifestly an advantage to the Indian 
youth to have a reading and speaking 


By-Products of Foreign Missions 


command of that language. Today the 
Indian and Ceylon governments give 
large subsidies to mission schools, be- 
cause of their value to the communities 
where they are placed and their recog- 
nized worth to the government itself. 
The present educational system of India 
may be said to be primarily mission- 
ary in its origin and development, and 
largely in its conduct. 

When we turn to China, we find that 
within three-quarters of a century mod- 
em education for the Chinee was be- 
gun by the missionaries. The Chinese 
system of education, although possess- 
ing great disciplinary value, contained 
little that could be regarded as a legiti- 
mate i>art of an educational sjrstem, 
according to any method of Western 
thinking. It conveyed no information 
to the pupils and gave them no knowl- 
edge of the world or of science or of 
anything outside of China. There was 
intense opposition to the missionary 
schools and, previous to 1900, progress 
was slow. At the same time many Chi- 
nese youth, receiving their impulse for 
a modem education from the mission- 
ary schools, tumed to the West and 
soon made places for themselves in the 
best American and European institu- 
tions of learning. After returning to 
China they became the advocates of 
modem learning. In the meantime, 
the missionaries adhered to the idea 
that education, called by the Chinese 
"Western learning,*' must ultimately 
prevail in that empire. After the Boxer 
upheaval in 1900 and the return of the 
court to Peking, "Western learning** 
-was looked upon with far greater favor 
by the official classes, and under the 
leadership of Yuan Shih Kai and others, 
that despised learning, which had for 
fifty years met so much opposition from 
the Chinese, was adopted by the gov- 
ernment and its whole educational sys- 
tem was revolutionized. Chinese boys 
and youth were sent to America and 
Surope in large numbers to complete 
their education ; the examinations for 
civil service were put upon the West- 
eim basis of learning and the old system 
of education was done away. 

The missionary influence in Japan has 
been along the same lines as in China, 
although "Western learning" met 
with a far more sympathetic response 
on the part of the Japanese than with 
the Chinese. The Japanese were quick 
to see the value of modem education 
and rapidly revised their own educa- 
tional system. While the credit for the 
great advance in education in Japan 
cannot be given to the missionaries 
alone, yet the Japanese themselves do 
not hesitate to speak freely of their 
obligation to the earlier as well as later 
missionaries for the introduction of 
modem schools and modem teaching 
into the empire. 

In the Turkish empire the situation is 
even more clear. The schools in Tur- 
key eighty years ago were all connected 
with the churches and mosques, and 
the curriculum consisted largely in 
teaching pupils to read, for the most 
part, an ancient ecclesiastical literature, 
of the meaning of which they under- 
stood little or nothing. Into these 
conditions the missionary brought the 
modern school with modem text-books. 
These schools were immediately popular 
with the Armenians and Greeks, but 
were not so quickly appreciated by the 
Mohammedans. Persistently the mis- 
sionaries have adhered to the idea that 
the future of the Turkish empire re- 
quired the modem school, and that the 
future of the Protestant Christian 
Church and the new Christian society 
must have its foundation in Christian 
education as well as in the gospel of 

These schools have met with the co- 
operation and support of the Armenian 
and Greek populations. They have 
rapidly developed until the missionary 
college stands today for the highest and 
most complete form of education to be 
found in the empire. The Turkish gov- 
emment is now endeavoring to estab- 
lish its own modem educational system, 
and, in doing so, is accepting as its 
model the missionary school. 

Space will not permit mentioning 
the development of modem education 
in Africa, which is due almost if not 


Field Notes 


wholly to the missionary endeavor. 
Whatever of modem education is found 
today in the Dark Continent, traces its 
origin to the humble missionary school 
in which the missionaries have persist- 
ently pursued their work until they 
have reached hundreds of thousands of 
the youth of Africa. 

The same can be said of the islands 
of the Pacific and of other countries in 
which the light of modern learning is 
shining today with increasing brilliancy. 
In grade the missionary schools include 
everything from the kindergarten and 
primary departments, up through the 
boarding and high schools, industrial 
and normal schools, to colleges and med- 
ical schools and theological seminaries. 

During the last ten years the mission- 
ary educational system has been rapidly 
developing. Greater emphasis is placed 
upon normal training, not only for the 
missionaries who engage in teaching, 
but for the natives in the various coun- 
tries who expect to become teachers. 
This whole educational system is far 
nearer self-support than any similar 
educational system in England or the 
United States. Many schools are wholly 

In the 30.000 Protestant missionary 
schools of all grades in mission fields 
there are today more than 1,500,000 
of the choice youth of the Elast. But 
what is more significant, these schools 
are becoming the models on which are 
organized the schools of the country. 
The missionaries, by the work they 
have done and the success of their en- 
deavor along educational lines, have 
won for themselves an influential posi- 
tion as educators in the East. 

It would be impossible to treat this 
subject fairly without referring to the 
development of woman's education by 
the missionaries in the Orient, where 
their work has been even more con- 
spicuously successful perhaps than in 
the development of the education for 
boys. They have everywhere been the 
champions of the high place women 
should hold in Christian society, and as 
such the schools have played an impor- 
tant part. The conflict in this depart- 
ment of education has been more acute 
than in any other, but the struggle is 
now past and the great nations of the 
East have accepted it as an established 
fact that their girls must have educa- 
tional privileges. 

It is an interesting fact that the 
church has been the conserver of edu- 
cation in all history. It was so in the 
Middle Ages in Europe, when the learn- 
ing of Greece and Rome was preserved 
through church institutions. The great 
universities of Europe and America 
were established for the purpose of de- 
veloping the church and furnishing it 
with adequate leadership. Out of these 
ecclesiastical institutions have grown 
the colleges and great universities of 
national and international repute. It 
is evident that history is repeating 
itself in Asia and Africa. Institutions 
established by missionaries for the pro- 
motion of the church are today rapidly 
becoming national in their reputation 
and influence. Out of these mission 
schools and colleges are emerging per- 
manent institutions, which will stand 
at the center of the educational S3rsteros 
of the Eastern nations as have their 
prototjTpes in the lands of the West. 


In Memoir of Dr. Darts 

(Japan Field) 

Dr. Otis Cary reports that the death 
of Dr. Davis brings a heavy sense of 
loss not only to the mission but to the 
Japanese. Monday, December 12, a 
memorial service was held at the Do- 

shisha, when the chapel was crowded, 
many graduates being present. Mr. 
Miyagawa preached from Hebrews 
11 : 4, ** He being dead yet speaketh ; " 
short addresses were made by repre- 
sentatives of the students, faculty, 
alumni, Kumi-ai churches and the mis- 


Fidd Notes 


sion, Dr. Greene speaking for the last 
named body. A sketch of Dr. Davis's 
life was read by Mr. Makino, pastor of 
the Kyoto church. The alumni of the 
Doshisha propose to raise a fund of 
6,000 yen ($3,000) to provide for two 
scholarships. Death has recently re- 
moved several other prominent figures 
in Christian circles in Japan: Bishop 
Williams, the second Protestant mis- 
sionary to come to the empire ; Rev. Mr. 
Okuno of the Presbyterian church, one 
of the first group of ordained Japanese 
ministers; and Mr. Kobayshi, perhaps 
the wealthiest man connected with the 
Kumi-ai churches and a generous con- 
tributor to religious and philanthropic 

Oae Remnant of the Adana Maasacrea 

(Central Turkey Field) 

Mr. Macallum, of Marash, sends this 
photograph of a widow and child at 
the outstation of Greben, whose pitiful 
story suggests the harvest of suffering 
and sorrow now being reaped in Central 
Turkey : — 

"Mrs. Keoshker, of Geben, in the 
massacres of 1895 lost her husband, 
father, mother, brothers, sisters, and 


other near relatives to the number of 
fifty-nine. This was in Marash; later 
she married again and went to Geben, 
one of our outstations ; here she and 
her husband built up a happy home. 
The husband was an earnest Christian. 
When the Adana massacre broke out in 
1909 he was away in a Turkish Village 
in the Adana province. The Turks 
seized him and told him he must deny 
Christ or be killed. On his refusal, 
they cut off his feet, then his hands; 
next his legs at the knees and his arms 
at the elbows; after that, the rest of 
his legs, and finally his head. To his 
very last breath he consistently con- 
fessed his Saviour. He was as true 
a martyr as any church history re- 
cords. This story comes from trust- 
worthy eyewitnesses. The two older 
children are now in an orphanage." 

Mr. Macallum has been able to help 
the widow in building a small house, and 
also in providing food for the winter. 

A New Line of Work at Marsovan 

i Western Turkey Field) 

A new branch of service at the Mar- 
sovan station is undertaken with the 
opening of the Martha A. King Memo- 
rial School for the Deaf, which is to 
be sustained by the Woman's Board. 
The purpose is to teach each pupil the 
language of his home and people. The 
Greek department is the first to be 
opened, the Armenian will start next 
September, and one for the Turkish 
boys and girls as soon as there is a 
demand for it. The school is designed 
particularly for children from six to 
eight years, though those older may be 
received. The teacher is Miss Galene 
Philadelpheus, a graduate of the col- 
lege and of the teachers' training 
course at Smyrna. She has also had 
two years of preparatory work at Clark 
School for the Deaf at Northampton, 

In Far Naum 

(Micronesian Field) 

The latest news from Mr. Delaporte, 
of Nauru, in the Marshall Islands, dated 
October 27, was full of good cheer. 
Sunday services had grown in attend- 


Fidd Notes 


ance and interest; the new church 
building was crowded ahnost to suffo- 
cation. Christian Europeans connected 
with the phosphate works were helping 
the church, one of them serving as a 
most capable organist. Revival meet- 
ings at different outstations on the 
island were showing their effect in a 
new and intenser interest at the center. 
The community is becoming more and 
more diverse in its races. The Phos- 
phate Company's steamer, just arrived 
from the regular tour among the Caro- 
line Islands, had brought eighty-three 
boys and ten women as re-enforcements 
of laborers to the station, thus raising 
the number of Caroliners on the island 
to 400. About half of them attend 
services regularly, and as they have a 
different language from Nauru, they 
are under the religious leadership of 
a fine young fellow from Truk. The 
beautiful new schoolhouse Mr. Arun- 
del of the Phosphate Company has 
donated to the mission was almost com- 
pleted and was to be occupied the 
month following. 

A MartTn* Memorial Service 

{Central Turkey Field) 

One of the most tragic incidents in 
connection with the Adana massacres in 
April, 1909, was the loss of a group of 
Armenian preachers and teachers who 
were on their way to the annual meet- 
ing of the mission at Adana. Seeking 
refuge in a church building at Osmani- 
yeh, when it was set on fire they perished 
together. Their names, locations, and 
lines of work are recorded in the pam- 
phlet, "The Martyrs of Cilicia," which 
the Board issued in connection with the 
memorial service at the Minneapolis 
meeting of 1909. Now comes from 
President Merrill of Central Turkey 
College at Aintab an account of a me- 
morial service in connection with the 
burial of the remains of these martyrs 
in the Protestant cemetery there on 
Sunday, December 11, 1910. 

It seems that when the church at Os- 
maniyeh was set on fire these men with- 
drew to the cellar, where the smoke 
overcame them and the floor and walls 

fell upon them. When later the debris 
was removed, their skeletons were 
found intact and could be identified by 
various signs as those of Professor 
Levonian, Pastors Zhamgochian, Ek- 
mekjian, Bedrossian, and Kouyoumjian 
and Hagop Effendi Simjian. Unfortu- 
nately, afterward the bones were mixed 
together in order to prevent, if possible, 
their removal from Osmaniyeh, so that 
it was impossible to separate them and 
all were buried in a single coffin and 

A funeral service was held in the Sec- 
ond Church directly after the morning 
Bible school. Only limited and late 
announcement of the services was 
made, so as to avoid any kind of pub- 
lic demonstration. The service at the 
church included a short address by 
President Merrill, and at the grave 
Professor Mattosian spoke illuminat- 
ingly upon the text, ** Their works do 
follow them"; as God rewards them, 
as their influence abides among us, and 
as others take up the duties which they 
have laid down. He told of meeting 
Professor Levonian at the college gate 
one cold, wet night, as the latter was 
setting out for the city. To the ques- 
tion what took him to the city on such 
a night, the answer was quick that 
there was a committee meeting at the 
church. To further remonstrance for 
going. Professor Levonian made this 
reply: "I must work while it is day: 
the night cometh, when no man can 

Chrietmae at PamuuJai 

(Madura FHeUO 

Christmas was certainly thoroughly 
observed in this land of its adoption. 
The night before was spent by some in 
decorating the church ; at five in the 
morning the bell rang for service, and 
if the crowd that gathered was a little 
sleepy and chilly looking, the meeting 
soon rang with the spirit of joy and 
thanksgiving and with the music of 
Indian instruments. Four other meet- 
ings were held during the day, the 
last being a service at Madura; the 
children at Pasumalai sent a box to 
their home mission in the North. Mr. 


Field Notes 


Powers, who was experiencing his first 
Indian Christmas, enjoyed a long talk 
in the evening with the Hindu students, 
whom he found approachable on almost 
any theme. More than one hundred 
children met on the veranda to sing the 
Christmas lesson and to receive small 
presents from the hands of a native 
Santa Claus. 

ShoUpv is mt 

(ManUki Field) 

Mr. Gates, surveying the last year in 
the Sholapur district, notes incidents 
here and there which show progress of 
the Christian movement in that section 
of India. There are eight churches in 
the Sholapur district : two of these are 
in Sholapur, and one of them is com- 
posed entirely of lepers in the asylum. 
The First Church shows the results of a 
faithful pastor's work. A growing 
feeling of unity and harmony in effort 
is evident in the whole Christian com- 

The influence of the Christians in the 
outlying villages is indicated by the 
name that has been given to a village 
where several families live. The place 
used to be called Chor (thief) Pimpari, 
but now is called Christian Pimpari. 

The village work centers largely in 
the Christian school. The teacher is 
often the only adult in the town who 
can read and write. He has many op- 



portunities to do favors, and his life 
touches other lives on many sides, his 
influence over his pupils and through 
them over the adult population being 
greater than that of the preacher. In- 
dia is a land of villages, and village life 
here has its peculiarities. Each village 
is in some respects like a family, with 
the patil as the pater. If a Christian 
center could be formed in every vil- 
lage it would be an important step in 
the regeneration of the land. 
The coming to this dis- 
trict last June of Mr. and 
Mrs. A. D. Ohol, native 
Christian workers, makes a 
valued addition to the force. 
Mr. Ohol got an excellent 
education in America, an 
excellent wife from Madras, 
and an excellent missionary 
spirit from somewhere, and 
the Barsi district is sure to 
profit by all of them. This 
mission has been calling for 
a missionary family for 
Barsi, the last forty years. 
The town has about 25,000 
people, and there are large 
towns on the, railway each 


Letters from the Missions 


Some of the leading Indian Christians, 
who know the whole Marathi Mission 
well, think that there is not such an 
interesting field anywhere else in the 

Far North in Japan 

(Japan FMd) 

Mr. Bartlett, writing at Christmas 
time from Otaru, speaks of the delight- 
ful spirit of love and co-operation felt 
in the work there. The little church 
has announced that the coming year 
there will be need of only three-fifths 
of the present aid, and the year after 
no aid at all ; this without the slightest 
pressure to reduce the aid even by one 
cent. And it must be remembered that 
Otaru is in the Hokkaido, the newly 
settled and developing part of Japan, 
corresponding to what is, or used to be, 
our Western frontier, where Christian 
work and institutions can hardly be ex- 
pected to be beyond the home mis- 
sionary era. The recent conversion 
at Otaru of a stubborn and, so far as 
Christianity was concerned, a some- 
what malevolent Confucian scholar and 
teacher in the school where Mr. Bart- 
lett teaches English was the occasion 
of wonder and joy to all. His confes- 
sion of faith he put into a Chinese poem 
of four stanzas, to be read at the Christ- 
mas festivities of the Sunday school. 
The celebration was in a hall which will 
accommodate 450, but for that occasion 

would not contain nearly all who sought 
tickets. Several young fellows of non- 
Christian families who have been grow- 
ing up in mission society are now com- 
ing forward with their confessions, to 
the great heartening of those who have 
been working for them. 

Girls' Colkte at Smyrna Bnmed 

( WeaUm Turkey Fields 

The American Collegiate Institute at 
Smyrna was partly burned by fire, Jan- 
uary 30. This institution, established 
by the Woman's Board of Missions 
about thirty years ago, has grown to be 
one of the largest and most influential 
American colleges for girls in the em- 
pire. It maintains kindergarten, pri- 
mary, and regular college courses, 
besides a normal training department, 
where teachers have been prepared 
for American schools in the other 
parts of the country as well as for 
schools of the native communities in 
Smyrna and elsewhere. Five or six 
American ladies and a staff of well- 
trained native instructors are connected 
with the college, which has 300 pupils 
in all its departments. The property is 
understood to be fully covered by insur- 
ance, so that the financial loss will not 
be heavy; yet the work of the year 
cannot but be seriously interrupted, 
and the determining of plans for the 
future will involve increased burden. 




Dr. Chauncey Goodrich sends from 
Peking some reminiscences of his friend 
and fellow-missionary, the late Dr. 
Charles A. Stanley. One striking fact 
about these recollections is the contrast 
which they suggest between the mis- 
sionary situation when these men began 
their labors and that of the present 
time. From Dr. Goodrich's letter we 
quote two or three most characteristic 
paragraphs : — 

*' Much of my acquaintance with Dr. 
Stanley has been in missionary jour- 
neys. In the old times we were always 
looking for new fields in which to ex- 
pand. One such place was found in 
Ichou. near the Western Tombs; too 
near, indeed, as it had to be given up 
and the Chinaman who rented the place 
was imprisoned after a terrible beating. 
When the news came Dr. Stanley and 
I at once visited the officials of the city 
and demanded his release. The mas- 
ters of geomancy would not allow a 
foreign preaching hall in such close 


Letters from the Missions 


proximity to the tombs of their em- 
perors, and the money paid for rent 
was restored. Dr. Stanley skillfully 
and tenderly bound up the dreadful 
wound with honey and ointment — we 
had no medicines — in place of red pep- 
per and salt, which had been used by 
the Chinese. 

"Another journey with Dr. Stanley 
stands out in memory, a visit of in- 
spection to Pao-ting-fu. We went, as 
we were wont, on top of the city wall, 
a fine place for a promenade, to get a 
better view of the city and the sur- 
rounding country, and were followed 
by a crowd. Suddenly the gate below 
was barred and locked, and we were 
prisoners. After an hour or so of dur- 
ance vile we were bidden to go down. 
The gate was opened, and we found 
two carts waiting, in which we were 
silently escorted to our inn, a great 
multitude looking on. We left the city 
early the next morning. Pao-ting-fu 
would not have either foreigners or the 

"In these experiences of travel and 
evangelistic work, with which much of 
our brother's life was filled, I found 
Dr. Stanley always courteous and win- 
ning, equal to any emergency, cheery 
in the midst of hardship and weariness, 
with no want of courage, and withal 
a touch of humor ; in the midst of dan- 
ger, ever faithful in preaching the glad 
evangel, and always a delightful com- 
panion. Such experiences formed the 
basis for the friendship of a lifetime." 


Mrs. Ament, back again in China and 
at Peking, writes of the new quarters 
provided there for special work for 
women, which they call the *' Women's 
Hall of Enlightenment " : — 

"We are *at home' to our Chinese 
friends on the 5th to 15th and 25th 
of each month. On these days we have 
discussions on some subject such as 
home hygiene and sanitation, illus- 
trated with pictures, solar lantern, or 
in other ways ; practical demonstration 
when possible. The utter absence of 

any preventive measures in the case 
of consumption or other contagious or 
infectious diseases makes it imperative 
that all missionaries lift their voices as 
they have opportunity to suggest ways 
practicable in ordinary homes of guard- 
ing the health of the family. 

" We have had recently two most im- 
portant meetings here. The first was 
held in the South Church, and was a 
meeting of the Anti-Cigarette League 
organized a year ago through the in- 
fluence of Miss Russell and Miss Miner. 
It was attended by twenty-one girls' 
schools, fifteen of them non-Christian. 
The program was theirs, Mrs. Goodrich 
purposely taking but a small part of 
the time to explain the mottoes and 
watchwords, feeling that their taking 
the responsibility of the singing and 
speaking would deepen their interest in 
the movement. 

"The next meeting, which was anti- 
opium like the first, was moderated by 
Mrs. K'ung. Her husband is in the 
direct line from Confucius, and they 
live in the place called the * Holy Man's 
Palace' (Sheng Ten Fu), where just 
now Duke Yen is staying while on his 
semi-annual visit to court. Mrs. K'ung 
is an earnest woman, deeply interested 
in these and other social reforms. 
She is very quiet in dress and manner, 
but full of courage and perseverance. 
When one plan brings small results she 
is ready to try another. She has just 
received a pathetic letter signed by 
120 girls sold into the worst slavery 
in the southern city houses by parents 
or husbands who wanted opium. The 
poor girls say they are * on a sea with- 
out a margin,' but they would save 
others if possible. 

Its Social Value 

"For hours before and after these 
meetings our newly furnished hall 
was full of women interested in these 
movements, and most interesting were 
their discussions of ways and means. 
More than one said, * How convenient 
this building is ; we never knew where 
to go before.' Groups of women came[c 
and went, were refreshed by a cup of 


Letters from the Missions 


tea, became somewhat acquainted, and 
no routine work was disturbed as it 
often used to be when we had to receive 
them in our house. The buildings are 
Chinese, with brick floors, so that we 
have cold to contend with, and it is a 
bitter winter; but when the sun is 
out and the wind down we are cozy 
enough, and grateful for this tempo- 
rary shelter for our growing work. 
In a front room, with windows on the 
street, we hope to flt up an exhibit 
where may be shown posters and ap- 
pliances for fighting tuberculosis and 
other diseases. 

Its Evangelistic iTifluence 

"Working for these reforms helps 
our gospel work. Today we hear from 
the North Church Bible-woman that 
six persons in one family and three in 
another report their interest in the 
doctrine to be a result of their coming 
first to the street chapel fair day lec- 
tures. All have united with the church. 
A Mohammedan woman who stayed 
after prayer meeting for a chat on 
Wednesday said that she was drawn to 
us by the lectures, so that now she 
wanted to read with us and learn 
about the more important matters of 
our faith. Sunday an anxious-faced 
woman listened eagerly to words about 
the Saviour's power to strengthen our 
spirits and answer prayer. This woman 
had begun coming on fair days, and 
now brings her grandson to Sunday 
school and seeks the truth. 

" At last the co-operation with others 
which we have so much desired has 
been brought about, and in twelve 
chapels in this city monthly or occa- 
sional lectures will be given to women, 
the speakers being mainly furnished by 
this mission ; thirty-eight out of fifty 
will be given by our workers, native or 
foreign, filling the hour or sharing it 
with speakers from other missions. 

"For several years the wife of a 
scholar, who acts as private secretary 
to one of the princes, has been coming 
to our lectures and remaining to visit, 
attendmg religious services frequently. 

and at the anti-opium meeting she 
signed the petition and forthwith left 
off her opium. Yesterday she came 
and spent hours first at one church and 
then at the other, restless and ill from 
the change and loss of the drag, but 
determined to conquer. We do hope 
she will conquer by faith in God and 
prayer. She says many are ready to 
profess openly when the highest oflS- 
cials come out in favor of the Christian 
religion. The prince for whom her 
husband writes has thrown away and 
burned priceless idols and objects con- 
nected with the worship, and turned 
the ancestral temple into the servants' 
quarters. This lady has as her sole 
duty to her home to purchase and ar- 
range the idol offerings for her mother- 
in-law, who sets aside a large sum 
annually for this purpose. We are get- 
ting close to a number of ladies who 
use what we impart, and who will ere- 
long be ready to take a pronounced 
stand against superstition and, we 
deeply hope, in favor of Christianity." 

Mrs. Ament found a joyous welcome 
awaiting her at Peking. The picture 
of Dr. Ament which she brought with 
her was hung in the parish house and 
surroundai with expressions of love 
and honor, while for her and those who 
came with her red banners were hung. 

"Wherever I go I meet people, for- 
eign or Chinese, who speak of my hus- 
band with emotion. The old guide at 
the wall, the merchant in his shop, the 
men who were in our schools, have 
their words and tears of sympathy. 
They loved him and knew that he cared 
for them. 

" Yesterday the wife and sons of Wu 
Ta Jeu, the mayor of Peking, called to 
express their sympathy, one of many 
such calls. The young men had been 
in our school studying English with 
me for a time, and because of their fa- 
ther's friendship with my husband they 
wished to call with their mother. Wu 
T'ai T'ai is much interested in our new 
quarters for reaching the women. She 
promises to come to hear some of the 


Letters from the Missuma 




Rev. Charles K. Tracy, of Smjmia, 
writes of the reopening of a door of 
opportunity in an interior city of Asia 
Minor : — 

*' Bourdour is one of the more distant 
outstations of Smyrna. Back in the 
'80's Mr. Bartlett sent a preacher there 
to see what could be done, and this 
man's wonderful acquaintance with the 
text of the Bible won first the admira- 
tion and then the attachment of a few 
young men, who formed the beginning 
of an evangelical community. 

" On attempting to build a mission 
house, the missionaries met great oppo- 
sition, approaching a state of riot ; Prot- 
estants had to be ever on the watch 
for flying stones, and they frequented 
secluded streets. But by applying to 
the Turkish government, through the 
American embassy, the missionaries suc- 
ceeded in getting protection and finish- 
ing the building. The withdrawal, due 
to financial straits, of the American 
Board left this new work without the 
support necessary in the first years of 
any undertaking, and the building has 
not been kept in repair. 


Just beyond the man (Mr. Pavlides) is the sarden 
wall of the mission premises 

A Fresh Start 

"Now, after fifteen years of slow 
progress, a young preacher steps in and 
stirs things up. Mr. Pavlides finds 
that Bourdour is a good field if the 
workers keep busy. He finds that the 
Armenian community has no education 



Letters from the Missions 


for girls beyond the kinderg^arten, and 
that they are discouraged about the 
boys' school because of the bad fortune 
they have had with their teachers. 
Two of them last year used to drink 
brandy in class time and in the presence 
of their scholars ; so that the boys sent 
a written protest to the school board. 
' Now give us good teachers in the mis- 
sion,' says Mr. Pavlides, 'and a good 
school.' Smyrna station has sent the 
teachers, two good Christian girls, and 
until the town learns to patronize the 
school it will be a hard, financial load ; 
but without the attempt there is no 
winning the position. Cannot some 
reader turn a stray two hundred dollars 
this way? 

" Last year we won a place in Afion 
Kara Hissar, of which you will hear 
again. Let us try Bourdour this year 
and Odemish next, until the old Roman 
province of Asia hears once more the 
preaching of the gospel and the teach- 
ing of the gospel in its score of cities." 



Rev. P. B. Kennedy, writing from 
Kortcha, January 4, describes the shifts 
in situation caused by the events of last 
year in that oppressed region : — 

" What you have read in your papers 
about the oppression by the government 
during the past year has not been ex- 
aggerated. To the north of us hundreds 
have been killed ; other hundreds have 
been beaten, exiled, or imprisoned. 
Quiet, peace-loving Albanians have been 
treated as the worst of criminals. All 
newspapers and schools have been pro- 
hibited. The government seems to 
fear to let the Albanians have the light 
lest they lose their faith in Mohammed. 

*' My colleague, Mr. Erickson, and his 
worker, Mr. Dako, temporarily required 
by the government to leave Elbasan, 
are now living in Monastir. Some time 
ago my worker, Mr. Tsilka, with his 
wife and family, decided that owing to 
the political conditions they would bet- 
ter leave Kortcha ; so they moved to 

Monastir, with the idea that Mr. Tsilka 
would make a short visit to America. 
Upon the advice of our mission, Mrs. 
Kennedy and I moved into this Girls' 
School building to protect the school 
by our presence as Americans. Soon 
we were summoned before the govern- 
ment, and its representatives called 
here announcing that this school was 
closed like all others where the Albanian 
language is taught. We protested that 
this school was not closed and could not 
be closed, and secured the co-operation 
of our American ambassador. The 
government has made no further ob- 
jection to its continuance as an Ameri- 
can school. We live in the building, 
and both Mrs. Kennedy and I are teach- 
ing here. We have sixty-five pupils, 
including several small boys and the 
fourteen boarders. Miss Parashkevia 
Kjnrias, sister to Miss Sevastia Elyrias, 
who married Mr. Dako last August, 
is now principal. Three other teachers 
assist her. 

** The opportunity is good in this city 
to open work for bojrs and men. Since 
the authorities closed the Albanian 
Boys' School, its pupils have been clam- 
oring for admittance with us. The 
Greek and Turkish schools are hostile to 
them for having ever withdrawn and 
give them a cool reception. If the 
funds allowed it, I would strongly urge 
the reopening of our own Boys* School 
to meet this emergency. The Albanians 
are hoping from day to day that their 
own school will reopen. Possibly I may 
rent a room in some building and have 
a few classes in English, which the boys 
are so eager to study. 

"I am now preaching each Sabbath 
in Albanian ; both tiiis preaching service 
and the Sunday school are largely at- 
tended, so that we long for a suitable 
church building. 

*'When last in Elbasan, which the 
mission has decided upon as the central 
station, we chose a certain healthful 
location outside the city as the only one 
suitable for the mission compound. 
Negotiations with the several owners 
resulted in a rise of prices, but this 
tract of land along the river is so ex- 


Letters from the Missions 


cellently fitted for our purposes that it 
has been purchased, although not as 
yet properly transferred by the govern- 
ment to the American missionaries. 

*• Tomorrow I go to Monastir to con- 
fer with my colleague and our workers, 
Mr. Tsilka and Mr. Dako. Mrs. Erick- 
son is seriously ill, and Mr. Erickson is 
enforced to remain in Monastir for the 
present. Mr. Tsilka will go with me to 
Elbasan to get this land (about 300 or 
400 acres) properly transferred. The 
next step will be to secure permits to 
build. This plan takes all our funds 
and meanwhile little is left for the work 
here in Kortcha." 



Rev. Edward Fairbank, of Vadala, 
after an absence of fifteen months on 
furlough, writes of the things that 
strike him as most significant on his 
return to the field : — 

" First, the wise management of the 
district by Rev. Shetiba Gaikwad. He 
has cared for and carried forward the 
many and diverse interests of the work 
with a large outlook and strong hand. 
The more I learn of his work during 
the past year, the more I marvel at his 
wisdom, humility, and faithfulness in 
dealing with the pastors, preachers, and 
teachers of the district as well as with 
tiie trying difficulties of the ignorant 
classes. His courage, his tact, his com- 
mon sense, his Christian faith, zeal, and 
love are everywhere evident. 

" From the financial side, the careful 
expenditure of funds committed to his 
charge is especially to be noted. So 
exact have been these accounts that a 
manuari, or native merchant, who 
furnishes ready money for checks, as 
well as grain, clothes, and incidentals 
for the boarding department of the 
Vadala schools, said to me, when asked 
to bring his accounts for final settle- 
ment : * There is no need of my account 
books at all ; the pastor has it all and 
always has it right. I depend on him 
for my accounts.' That, to those who 

know India, is a testimony worth hav- 
ing. Pastor Shetiba is to me a marked 
example of the power of Christ to mold 
and form a great soul out of India's 
downtrodden and despised classes." 

Mr. Fairbank next notes the esprit 
de corps of the mission agents of the 
district, who have held together and 
worked together loyally during his ab- 
sence ; this unity marks a great gain. 
There has been advance also in the 
spirit of independence in the churches, 
especially among the leaders; if there 
has not been much change in outward 
expression of it, the spirit itself has in- 
creased, as is shown by many chance 
remarks and actions. Another line of 
improvement is especially welcome : — 

''This district, probably more than 
others, has been afflicted with the 
debt habit. It has been a great 
misfortune. The work of the lead- 
ers has often been sadly injured by 
their debts. The pastor of one of the 
largest churches in the district, who 
himself has failed in this respect, said 
to me, ' Our church has taken up this 
matter seriously and determined that, 
come what will, they must be free from 
this heavy burden.' As a result much 
that has been looked upon as a necessity 
in household economy and dress is now 
considered a luxury that cannot be 

Village Schools and Their Teachers 

The closing part of Mr. Fairbank's 
letter emphasizes the enlarging success 
and significance of the schools : — 

" The village schools contmue to hold 
their own as strategic points of evan- 
gelistic and educational influences and 
even steadily to gain ground. The chil- 
dren in these schools, their parents, 
the people of those villages and of the 
surrounding villages are through them 
being brought to a knowledge of Christ 
and his life. 

'' It is a significant thing as reported 
by the mission school inspector that to- 
day in these village schools are to be 
found so many children from the pre- 
dominating castes of this part of India. 
Aside from the Christian children, whole 


Letters from the Miaaions 


have largely come from 
the outcastes, there are 
twenty-two children from 
the merchant caste, six 
Brahmans, sixteen Bhils 
(hunting tribes), two Go- 
pals (wandering tribes), 
forty-one Mohammedans, 
189 Mahars, thirty-six Man- 
gars, and, most interest- 
ing of all, 2S8 Marathas, 
representing the main in- 
dustries of the villages, 
farmers, blacksmiths, car- 
penters, masons, etc. 

"Some of the teachers 
have done notable work. 
Here is a Christian teacher 
who did so poorly in the 
training school that he was 
not allowed to complete his 
course, but was given a 
chance to approve himself 
first as an assistant and then as 
teacher in charge. He took a school 
that was run down. By dint of hard, 
faithful, and persevering work, he 
gradually gained hold of the agricul- 
turists of the village. His school has 
thirty-two scholars, all from what are 
considered as good castes. He has taught 
boys in this primary school up to the 
fifth grade. Government officials of 
high rank have stopped to see and 
praise his work in the school. One 
official was so pleased that he gave the 
teacher a present as a mark of appre- 
ciation. But the best thing about this 
teacher is that he never fails to impart 
Christian truth to these scholars from 
the Hindu and Mohammedan castes. 
They are studying the Bible and learn- 
ing from Christian example. 

"Another teacher has worked four 
years in one place against great odds. 
It seemed as if the school would have to 
be given up. because of the indifference 
of the people. But this spirited young 
teacher has gained the victory. He has 
a school of forty children made up of 
all castes of the village, and the village, 
no longer indifferent, is enthusiastic 
over their splendid school. 

** One of the best teachers in the dis- 


trict, a young man from the Mang, or 
one of the most depressed, castes died 
during the year. We feel his loss. 
His influence as a faithful Christian 
and teacher will long live in the village 
where he worked. Although an out- 
caste of outcastes, he has had Brahman 
children in his school as well as children 
of the agriculturist castes. His tact 
and faithfulness won the village. 

** The note of significance that I close 
with is the very note that I carried 
with me as I went on furlough — the 
urgency of the villages for Christian 
schools. A number of villages, espe- 
cially the agriculturist section, have 
sent in requests that they have a mis- 
sion school. They want a (Christian 
teacher. It is a time of significance and 
real opportunity ; the (Christian seed is 
being sown; the harvest must come." 



In a letter to friends. Rev. Emery W. 
Ellis writes from Lintsingchow : — 

**To the south and west of Lintsing- 
chow, for some time a movement has 
been going ^ojji^gji^hich desires to be 


The Wide Field 


connected with the Protestant church. 
How many people this movement em- 
braces we do not know, but they are 
numbered by the scores. What the out- 
come will be it is too early to say. At 
the northwest, in Kwang Tsimg Hsien, 
one small village has presented us with 
a very convenient place of worship. 
But recently the official fined the 
chapel ten tiao, along with a like sum 
assessed a^rainst three of our people, 
because of the theft of the census enroll- 
ment cards which are posted above the 
door. We protested, and are hoping 
that erelong there will be a settlement 
of the matter. That the loser should 
be fined and that there should be no 
action against the police does not seem 
just. Since fining the chapel there, the 
official has issued a proclamation saying 
that this action is official and that the 
tifang shall be fined five tiao. The pay- 
ment of just taxes is something very 
different from the payment of a fine of 
this sort, it seems to us. At Hiu Lu 

Chi, in the same country, a place of 
worship has been secured, the local 
group of Christians contributing one- 
half the amount necessary to purchase 
the place. The place is where some 
years ago a woman who had studied 
with Miss Gertrude Wyckoff was mur- 
dered. We trust that a new history 
is opening for this building, for the 
market town in which it is situated, 
and for the whole region. 

" At our autunm large meeting the 
attendance was good. Twenty-four 
were received into the church by bap- 
tism, one by letter, and thirty-one were 
received on probation. In a few of our 
outstations the helpers are planning 
for station classes. Two of the helpers 
have taken to themselves wives who 
were Pangchwang schoolgirls, and are 
planning to live at their fields of work. 
We are hoping that this will be a way 
by which the women and girls of those 
outstations shall be enabled to receive 
more help than heretofore." 




It was not to be expected that the 
adoption of a constitution and the 
change of government would settle at 
once all Turkey's difficulties or furnish 
full prosperity to all parts of. the em- 
pire. The fact is, the situation in the 
land of the Crescent is in many ways 
disquieting ; all the trouble is not con- 
fined to Albania or indeed to European 

In the Asiatic provinces, too, there are 
regions of discontent and conflict even 
though there are no outward rebellions. 
The emigration to America continues 
despite the new government, and is 
recognized as an alarming fact. One 
of the Turkish newspapers, as quoted 
in The Orient, declares that there are 
300,000 Ottomans already in America 
who have come from Syria, besides 
80,000 Armenians whose homes are in 

Anatolia, and in addition there are 
several thousands from the European 
states, Albanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and 
others. The journal declares that this 
tide of emigration cannot be stopped 
until its causes are removed, and these 
the authorities do not seem to take 
under serious consideration. 

The words of a Presbjrterian mission- 
ary in The Round World reflect the 
same situation: ** Syria is certainly 
having 'hard times' now. Perhaps it 
is no lack of confidence in the consti- 
tutional government, but rather crass 
ignorance of its methods and purpose, 
and the fact that the new government 
can hardly be said to have found itself 
or shown its power, that makes the 
people unsettled and depressed. The 
Christian Catholic population, which in- 
cludes the Protestants, for the Prot- 
estant sect is not recognized in the 
government, greatly fear the conscrip^ic 
tion, and rather than serve in the 


The Wide Field 


Turkish army under Moslem generals 
they are hastening to emigrate. One 
wonders whether the American politi- 
cian was right who told us in Constan- 
tinople that twenty years would see a 
transformed Turkey. Certainly now 
prices are high, industries are conspic- 
uous by their absence, people look har- 
assed and unhappy." 

It is a pleasure to note some points 
of progress and improvement, such as 
that the French engineers have arrived 
at Erzroom' to lay out new roads in the 
vilayet ; thus there are to be new high- 
ways between Erzroom and all the other 
cities of the region, including Harpoot, 
Van, and Bitlis. These roads are to be 
of ample width and suitable for the use 
of automobiles. 


Japan's Work for China. There are 
now 3,000 [Chinese] students in Tokyo ; 
the number has decreased sharply from 
former years, but they are a much bet- 
ter, stronger, and more influential type 
of men than formerly; 100 of these 
men have been baptized as Christians 
during the last year ; they will go back 
to China to be leaders in their several 
localities. — The Japan Evangelist. 

Evangelizing a Fair. Four mission- 
ary societies, Congregational, Episcopal, 
Salvation Army, and Methodist, united 
in holding evangelistic meetings in con- 
nection with the Maebafihi Exx)osition 
for two months last autumn. After- 
noon and evening meetings were held 
on small plots just outside the grounds, 
where there were 6,000 listening to the 
gospel message, and about 350 regis- 
tered themselves as inquirers ; a chil- 
dren's meeting was held before the main 
service each evening, and a large public 
meeting, by consent of the exposition 
authorities, was held, without charge 
for rent, in the conmion hall inside the 
grounds. Addresses by Japanese Chris- 
tian leaders made a strong impression.— 
The Japan Evangelist. 

Indian Christian Leaders. The 
Triennial Convention of the Young 
Men's Christian Association held in 

Bombay, December 28 to January 1, 
was inclusive and impressive, just as a 
spectacle. Here were gathered Bur- 
mans, Sikhs, and Singhalese, representa- 
tives of many races and of most of the 
great centers of India, Burma, and 
Ceylon. Every division of the Evan- 
gelical Christian Church, as well as the 
ancient Syrian church of South India, 
was represented. The quality of Indian 
leadership displayed at this convention 
was striking and full of promise ; the 
distinct note was emphasis on work for 
the social uplift of India. The benefit 
of this convention is beyond estimate ; 
its delegates are leaders among the 
educated young men of India, facing 
tremendous opportunities for good in- 
fluence in this time of crisis and flux 
in India. — The Dnyanodaya. 

CoNsrrruTiONAL Changes in China. 
The constitutional program sub- 
mitted by the Chinese assembly has 
been revised by the throne, and in its 
amended form includes the promulga- 
tion during the present Chinese year of 
regulations for the formation of a cab- 
inet and the apportionment of an ad- 
visory council consisting of the mem- 
bers of the present grand council, with 
Prince Ching as president. Arrange- 
ments are also to be made for the with- 
drawal of the Manchu bounties. By 
the end of 1911 these changes are to be 
perfected, civil, commercial, and crim- 
inal laws issued, and a privy council in- 
stituted. In 1912 a parliamentary bud- 
get will be framed and regulations 
issued for the holding of elections^ 
which will be followed by the organiza- 
tion of a parliament in 191S.—The 
London Weekly Times. 

Prince Ching. There are persist- 
ent semi-official rumors in Peking to the 
effect that Prince Ching has decided to 
retire from official life. His resigna- 
tion, which was refused by the throne, 
was thought to be conclusive, for the 
impeachments of the imperial assembly 
were sufficient cause in themselves for 
his resignation. Moreover, it was gen- 
erally understood that iSrince Chingr 
advocated a firmer stand against the 
increasing demands of the house for 


The Portfolio 


the early inauguration of a parliament, 
the establishment of a cabinet, the re- 
moval of queues, and in matters affect- 
ing China's foreign policy ; and the tide 
of public opinion was influenced against 
him accordingly. The throne's com- 
ment upon Prince Ching's resignation 
was couched in language that would 
adorn a valedictory edict, and it is com- 
monly supposed to presage the accept- 
ance of a later request. His departure 
would be hailed with sincere satisfac- 
tion by the reformers and probably by 
ambitious younger statesmen. — The 
North China Herald. 

In Northeast China. Rev. C. E. 
Ewing, of Tientsin, reviewing the situa- 
tion in Chihli, Shantung, and Shansi, 
those great and dominant provinces of 
North China, sees much that is encour- 
aging in the outlook. Much has al- 
ready been accomplished in removing 
the opium curse : in lessening the culti- 
vation of the poppy, in the breaking of 
the opium habit by multitudes of indi- 
viduals, in the sharp watch upon officials 
and a clear understanding that they 
cannot hold their offices and persist in 
using the drug, and in the rising and 
imperious tide of protest to Great Brit- 
ain that China must be released from 
the bondage of the Opium Treaty. In 

governmental affairs, the event of the 
year which has captured public atten- 
tion and everywhere won favorable 
conmient is the determination to hasten 
the time for the announcement of a 
constitution and the forming of a par- 
liament. The public press, too, is 
increasingly influential and discusses 
public affairs with marked sanity and 
seriousness. Public improvements are 
being undertaken on all sides, mostly, 
of course, in the large centers. New 
local and provincial assembly halls are 
rising. Railway building proceeds 
steadily; the Peking-Kalgan Railway, 
started by Chinese engineers, and in 
successful operation for some months, 
is now to be extended to open up much 
of North Shansi; the Tientsin-Pukou 
Railway is also being pushed forward 
beyond the Yellow River. Educational 
development continues; good, steady 
work is being done in the government 
schools and colleges in many large 
centers, and gradually the number of 
schools is increasing in the country towns 
and villages ; students educated in for- 
eign countries returning to China are 
often devotedly eager to enter the 
service of their country and that, too, 
from patriotic motives. — Ifce Chinese 


MiMioiiB without a Home Base 

We print one of several letters from 
correspondents who desire to see the 
experiment tried of sending out mis- 
sionaries who would not be supported 
by a home base, but would look for 
support to the peoples whom they 
sought to evangelize. Some of the 
writers fail to realize that the proposed 
experiment has been made within re- 
cent years in many lands and by many 
missionaries. In the course of a walk 
through a little known district of Cen- 
tral Africa, the editor of this review 
came across a missionary who had 
landed in West Africa with a compan- 
ion and had bought a set of carpenter's 

tools, with the help of which he hoped 
to earn his living. He was then about 
five hundred miles from the coast, ill 
with dysentery, from which he soon 
afterwards died. He and his compan- 
ion, who died before getting so far into 
the interior, had received an enthusi- 
astic send-off by a meeting in America, 
which had warmly approved their pro- 
posal to do missionary work without 
relying upon any home base. They 
were men who would both have done 
good work as missionaries had their 
friends supplied sufficient funds to sup- 
port them ; but their resolve to be in- 
dependent of any home base and to live 
on whatever the nat^ye^^g^fj^ered them[^ 


The Portfolto 


resulted in their death before the peo- 
ple whom they desired to influence had 
begun to understand their message. 
From editorial in The East and the 

The Leadership of Christ 

Coming down here tonight, I thought 
of the thousand things one npght say 
if one were skilled in the saying; but 
the thought that came to me most was, 
** What is the central idea of the Bible 
and of the eternal influenced stretching 
into that space which no mind or eye 
can fathom?" What is the central 
idea? Well, the central idea is leader- 
ship, the fulcrum of power, the power 
to lead. That is so in our relationship 
with that Being whom the eye cannot 
see, but the heart can understand. 
And here in this world of care, strug- 
gle, and conflict, with its hours of 
troubles so many, and its work contin- 
uous, what is the thing that moves us? 
However great the cause, however 
large the idea, it never moves unless 
some human leads it. The whole his- 
tory of humanity, of civilization, the 
whole movement of human life since 
the world began, has been the story of 
leadership. If that were not so, then 
the whole basis of our religion would 
be false. From the first chapter of 
the Bible to the last line of Revelation 
you have leadership — Abraham, David, 
Moses, Joshua, Elijah, Jeremiah that 
imhappy leader; all of them leaders, 
all of them representing something, 
and behind them tribes and peoples 
animated by the life of the idea em- 
bodied in them — that is the secret; 
and then came the Leader of the newer 
Revelation. From book to book in the 
Old Testament, from book to book in 
the New, is but to turn over the pages ; 
but ages are represented in these rec- 
ords, histories of people inspired by the 
center of all light, moving slowly and 
steadily on to a greater enlightenment, 
culminating in One Figure, the Leader 
who has gathered more together of all 
the work of the world than any that 
ever influenced the world or ever can. 
If you take history, if you read the re- 

ligions of Buddhism, Mohammedanism 
—all have in them that principle of 
leadership, all have in them the moral 
ethics and religious teachings of laws 
and conduct ; but none of them have in 
them the inspiring power of that reli- 
gion represented in the Being who, 
recognized as Man, was the highest 
expression of human life that the 
world has offered or- can offer. 
Prom a speech of Sir Gilbert Parker, 
M,P., delivered in the Tovm Halt, 
Gravesend, from the chair of the ann 
nual meeting of the Gravesend Aux- 
iliary of the Bible Society as printed 
in ''The Bible in the World.** 

As It Looks to a Missionary Hsitor 

It is a pleasure to note how largely 
education in Jaffna is in the hands of 
the missionaries. The government 
maintains no schools of its own, but 
grants liberal aid to private institu- 
tions. Of the 300 schools in the penin- 
sula, 124 are under the management 
of the American (American Board) 
Mission; about 100 are controlled by 
the two other Protestant missions; the 
remainder being divided among the 
Catholics and Sivites. The American 
Mission has more than 10,000 children 
enrolled in its schools, 3,500 of whom 
are girls. Thanks to the missionaries, 
88 per cent of the boys and 44 per 
cent of the girls of school-going age in 
Jaffna are attending school — a good 
record. Most of the teachers employed 
are Christians, and the schools exert 
a strong evangelizing influence. At 
Tellippallai a normal school is main- 
tained with sixty students, who are be- 
ing trained as vernacular teachers. 

Undoubtedly the most interesting de- 
partment of missionary work in Jaffna 
is the boarding school. Owing to the 
high social position held by the Chris- 
tians, these schools are patronized by 
Hindus as well as Christians. For 
example, of the more than 200 girls 
in the Uduvil Boarding School, nearly 
one-half are from Hindu families, who 
enter the school under the same condi- 
tions respecting food, clothing, tuition, 
and disciplii^gjffgd^e other boarders. 


The Portfolio 


The same thing obtains in the Jaffna 
CJollegre, where in outward appearance 
no difference can be observed between 
the Hindu and Christian lads, the 
former showing practically the same 
interest in the spiritual regime of the 
college as the latter. ... 

It goes without saying that the 
Jaffna niissionaries have an opportu- 
nity of Christianizing the homes of the 
high caste Hindus, of which we know 
nothing in South India, where the 
reception of caste boys or girls into 
a boarding school debars them from 
returning to their Hindu parents. 
FVom an article entitled, "An Arcotian 
in Jaffna/* by Rev. J. H, Wyckoff, 
of the Arcot Mission, India, and 
published in The Mission Field for 

Two Men of Mark in the New China 

Many of you in the homeland already 
know of Principal Chang Po Ldng, who 
was brought to the Christian faith and 
has given a testimony which has pro- 
foundly influenced the church through- 
out China, especially in North China, 
where he is of course best known. He 
has stood alone among men of this 
type, leading them to consider their 
personal relation to what they have 
looked upon as the foreigner's religion. 

He says, "My friends are watching 
me closely." He is a social reformer, 
giving his time and energy to creating 
public sentiment against foot binding, 
early marriages, and other social abuses. 
As a Christian leader he has already 
come to the front. He is now having 
a prominent part in promoting the Chi- 
nese church. He has led his brother to 
Christ, and has had the joy of seeing 
him become the first signer of the dec- 
laration card of the recently organized 
Chinese Volunteer Movement for the 
ministry. The brother starts soon for 
America, where he plans to study for 
his future work. As dir^tor of our 
Association, Mr. Chang had the princi- 
pal part in securing a gift of $13,000 
from H. E. Ou Yang for our new build- 
ing site, and has had much influence 
vvith this well-known gentleman of the 

official class in leading him to a public 
confession of Christ, which he did at 
the close of a recent series of meetings 
conducted under the auspices of the 
association by one of our foremost 
evangelists. Pastor Ding. 

Much more could be written of Mr. 
Chang as a Christian leader, but we 
must drop his name now to mention 
the significance of Mr. Ou Yang's 
conversion. Space forbids writing 
more than a line of this most extraor- 
dinary character. Here is a man of 
vision. He is also a man of large tasks. 
The most recent of his undertakings is 
the formation of a corporation to pur- 
chase the street car lines of our city 
from the present company, which is 
under foreign control. He is also 
working on plans for colonizing large 
tracts in Mongolia. This man, well 
known among the educators and offi- 
cials of Central as well as North China, 
has, after years of secret believing in 
Christianity, taken a fearless stand. 
What he will accomplish for the king- 
dom of God in China, if he is spared, 
will make a most striking chapter in 
the future history of Christian effort 
for the neglected higher classes of this 
potentially great empire. 
From article of R. M, Hersey, Young 
Men's Christian AssocicUion Secretary 
at Tientsin, in Foreign Mail for 
Jamiary, 1911. 

A Triamph in China 

Again and again in the history of 
the Christian missionary propaganda a 
happy issue out of conflicts with suspi- 
cious peoples and hostile rulers has been 
won by the physician, who has secured 
a standing by the cures that he has 
wrought for governors of provinces and 
chief citizens. Reports from China now 
indicate that the trained missionary 
physicians who have settled there are 
to be the main reliance in combating 
the bubonic plague, which is steadily 
working its way down from Manchuria 
toward the heart of the empire and al- 
ready is taking its toll in the capital it- 
self. Foreign observers of the present 
social ferment in the vast empire admji^ 


The Bookshelf 


that it is being most wisely guided, so 
far as it has leadership, by natives who 
have come under the influence of Amer- 
ican educators, either in this country or 
in the missionary schools there. And if 
now the American trained missionary 
physicians and their pupils and nurses 
in the hospitals are to be the reserve 
force that is to fight the terrors of the 
bubonic pest, then there will be en- 
hanced prestige for America and a 
greater debt of obligation of China to 
the United States. 
Editorial in Boston Herald, Jantuiry 21, 

A Slander Once More Refuted 

But of the charge of looting at 
Peking brought against missionaries, 
I know what was currently reported 
there at the time of my arrival, between 
nine and ten weeks after the siege of 
the legations was raised by the reliev- 
ing forces of the allies. What had 
happened on that occasion I learned 
from those who had undergone the 
siege and were still on the spot. Not 
a single English missionary was ever 

reported to have looted Chinese prop- 
erty. There had been housed in the 
British legation, and in the palace of 
a Chinese prince, within the line of de- 
fense, between 2,000 and 3,000 native 
Christians, who were absolutely desti- 
tute. I was told that a foreign mission- 
ary, with the authorization of the dip- 
lomatic representative of his country, 
took possession of the contents of a 
deserted palace belonging to one of the 
fugitives concerned in the siege of the 
legations, and sold them by auction in 
order to provide funds for feeding those 
poor people. That is the whole of the 
story.' It may be added that when the 
relieving forces entered the city on 
the south, the Empress Dowager fled 
on the north, accompanied by her court 
and by all the leading persons who had 
encouraged the Boxer movement and 
engineered the siege of the legations. 
Their houses were left empty and were 
rifled of their contents not only by the 
troops, but by the native populace that 
had remained behind. 
From Sir Ernest Swatow's reply to Sir 

Hvratn Maxim, as quoted in The Japan 

Weekly Mail. 


OrientalimHB in BibU Lands, By Edwin WUbor Rioe. 
Philadelphia: The American Sunday School Union. 
Pp.800. Price. $1.00 net. 

Manifestly this book was not written 
hastily nor published to meet the call of 
a passing hour. It is the result of long 
and wide reading and of careful selec- 
tion and classiflcation by one whose task 
has been to promote the study and 
teaching of the Bible, and who has had 
exceptional acquaintance with Oriental 
scholars. In thirty-seven chapters, un- 
der such familiar heads as family and 
social life, occupations, civil affairs, re- 
ligion, and morals, Dr. Rice has gath- 
ered a wealth of information concerning 
the habits and thought of Eastern lands, 
to all of which the reader is abundantly 
guided by the full table of contents, 
numbered and entitled paragraphs, a 
full index and footnotes to the Scrip- 

ture references. A table of these Scrip- 
ture references following the index 
would make the volume, in an impor- 
tant sense, a veritable Bible dictionary. 
As will appear from the title, the mate- 
rial touches mainly life in the Turkish 
empire, though some references appear 
to life in other parts of the Levant, and 
even in India and Japan. The book will 
be of great value to teachers of Sun- 
day schools and mission study classes, 
and in particular just now to the stew- 
ards of missionary expositions who 
have to deal with Bible lands. 

MiMsionary HeroM in Oceania. By John C Lambert. 
Philadelphia: J. R Lippincott Ca Pp.168. Price. 


The romantic stories of Bishop Patte- 
son, James Chalmers, Father Damien, 
John G. Paton, and other heroic mis- 


The Chronicle 


sionary leaders are here gathered into 
a volume that will appeal to adventure- 
loving: young people, for whom it is evi- 
dently designed. The author frankly 
admits that it is not his aim to depict 
the deeper side of Christian missions, 
but to bring out those elements of ro- 
mance which, if accidental and occa- 
sional, attract attention and may kindle 
an interest in missionary endeavor 
that shall lead to further reading and 
to a deeper sympathy. Here is a good 
book for a Sunday school library or for 
a birthday gift to an adventure-loving 
boy. One could wish that the illus- 
trations were less blood-curdling ; they 
tend to cast an unworthy suspicion on 
the full credibility of the text. 

On Trent and Rapid by DogSUd and Camoe. The 
BtoiT of Bisluv Bompas'B life amonsst the red Indi- 
ans and Bsldma Told for boys and ffirla. By Rev. 
H. A. Cody. M.A. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 
Co. r».203. niuBtrated. 

Admirably fitted for its purpose is 
this story of the Church Missionary 
Society's heroic bishop in the Canadian 
farthest Northwest. It is in no sense 
a complete biography; the details of 
forty years of strenuous missionary 
service could not be condensed into a 
book of medium size. But characteris- 
tic scenes and adventures are dwelt 
upon till the figure of an intrepid 
apostle of Christ stands forth to chal- 
lenge the admiration of hero-loving 

youth, while inwrought into the story 
is a deal of information concerning the 
life of Indians, ESskimos, white settlers, 
mounted police, Klondike miners, in- 
deed all the dwellers in that wild and 
lonely land. What impresses the stu- 
dent of missions in the record is the 
enormous outlay of time and strength 
required to tend the small and scattered 
flock committed to the care of this in- 
defatigable shepherd. Long expedi- 
tions involving weeks of absence, ex- 
hausting exposure, and hairbreadth 
escapes from death, sudden or slow, 
marked the yearly round of toil of this 
man, who traversed a country for the 
most part frozen and uninhabited. 

Dr. E. P. Tenney's " Contrasts in So- 
cial Progress," to which attention has 
been called more than once in the Mis- 
sionary Herald as a book of unusual 
importance, has been translated with 
some adaptations and published by the 
Christian Literature Society for China, 
after first appearing in serial form in 
a magazine which circulates among the 
leading ofllcials and gentry of the em- 
pire. Dr. Timothy Richard speaks of 
it as a most timely and important help 
to China in its present crisis, and ex- 
presses the hope that it is being trans- 
lated into the languages of Asia and 
Africa, as well as into the leading lan- 
guages of the world. 



January 28. From New York, Dr. and 
Mrs. James B. McCord and Miss Fidelia 
Phelps, returning to the Zulu Mission. 

Arrivals Abroad 

December 6. At Foochow, Miss Ger- 
trude Blanchard. 

December 11. At Davao, Mindanao, Miss 
Mary R. Mathewson. 

December 15. At Bitlis, Rev. George P. 

December 26. At Pasumalai, Rev. and 
Mrs. J. P. Jones. 


January 25. At Constantinople, Rev. 
Herbert M. Allen, of the Western Turkey 
Mission. (See pages 103 and 117.) 


January 15. At Lintsingchow, a son to 
Rev. and Mrs. Emery W. Ellis, of the 
North China Mission. 

Crowded out of other place in this num- 
ber, there may be slipped into this roomy 
and hospitable comer a message from Miss 
Graf, of Mardin. The Sunday schools there- 


The Chronicle 


about are studying the International Les- 
sons for 1910. Miss Graf would be very 
grateful for any quarterlies or other helps, 
still in good condition, especially those of 
younger grades, for the use of these schools 
in the Orient. A small package could be 
sent promptly by mail to Miss J. Louise 
Graf, Mardin, Turkey, via Constantinople ; 
or if sent to the Rooms the material will 
be forwarded from here in due time. 

It seems too bad that one who leads the 
strenuous life of a surgeon on the mission 
field should be compelled to spend part of 
his furlough in the midst of hospital scenes ; 
but Dr. Shepard, of Aintab, has had to do 
that, and moreover not to witness, but to 
undergo an operation. The Herald is glad 
to bear the news to his friends in this land 
and in Turkey that he is now convalescent, 
and as he says, in a letter to the Rooms 
announcing his approaching discharge from 
the hospital, "hopes for a prolonged serv- 
ice in Turkey. ' ' Since the event had to be. 
Dr. Shepard doubtless congratulates him- 
self that he could have the experience of 
being under the care of the celebrated Drs. 
Mayo in the hospital at Rochester, Minn. 

Welcome messages have been received 
recently from two men who last year were 
week by week in the company at the Pru- 
dential Committee's table, Col. Charles A. 
Hopkins and Rev. John H. Denison. From 
both the word is one of courage and cheer, 
with unfailing interest in the work of this 
American Board. 

The Children's Comer this month con- 
tains the fifteen children of the mission- 

aries at Mt. Silinda, Rhodesia, as they 
looked in August, 1909. 

Dr. Arthur Smith is leading a busy life 
in the threefold occupation of man on vaca- 
tion, missionary on furlough, and Assistant 
Moderator of National Council on call. He 
flies into the Board Rooms occasionally to 
get a bundle of mail or to leave a new ad- 
dress, and the next we know he is way 
down South or headed for the frozen North 
or planning for a tour to the Pacific coast. 

As forecasted in last month's Chronicle, 
Mr. Wiggin is back at the Treasurer's 
desk ; so the missions may breathe freely 
again and be sure that the monthly remit- 
tance will not be forgotten or missent. 

At Granville, 111., Sunday morning, Jan- 
uary 22, was held the commissioning serv- 
ice for Rev. John P. Dysart, under ap- 
pointment to the South African Mission. 
The service was in charge of Rev. R. H. 
Zachman, the pastor of the church which 
plans to assume quite a share of Mr. 
Dysart's support; the sermon was by 
President Davis of Chicago Seminary; 
Secretary Hitchcock presented the com- 
mission and offered the prayer of conse- 
cration. At Wellesley Hills, Mass., on 
February 15, Rev. Charles H. Holbrook 
was similarly commissioned for service in 
the Western Turkey Mission; this latter 
service included the ordination of the can- 
didate who had transferred his membership 
to the church in the anticipation of becom- 
ing its representative in the foreign field. 


Digitized by VjOOQI 




The exercises inchided» besides the pres- 
entation of the commission, a sermon by 
Secretary Barton; ordaining prayer by 
Rev. W. W. Sleeper, of Wellesley, a for- 
mer missionary in Turkey ; right hand of 
fellowsbip by the pastor of the church. 
Rev. Parris T. Farwell, and charge to the 
church by Secretary Eddy. These ties be- 
tween the home churches and their mes- 
sengers on the mission field are among the 
very real and strong forces that bind East 
and West together in this new age. 

Dr. and Mrs. Jones's return to Pasu- 
malai prompted an ovation ; many went 
to Madura to greet them, and as they left 
there, late in the afternoon, for Pasumalai 
they were met by a large crowd with band 
and fireworks. At the bungalow a brief 
service of welcome brought out many ex- 
pressions of deep affection from the peo- 
ple, and on the following day as the mis- 
sionaries were in the midst of unpacking 
their goods they were continually called 
off to receive visitors, bringing wreaths, 
fruits, and rice as tokens of gratitude. 

When last heard from, Secretary Patton 
had reached Bombay and was quartered in 
one of the new bungalows contributed by 

the Plymouth Church, Minneapolis, Minn., 
which are model missionary dwellings for 
that climate and a great acquisition. He 
arrived just in time for the commence- 
ment exercises of the American Mis- 
sion's High School, and is quoted as having 
been markedly impressed with what he saw 
and heard He would be able, he said, "to 
give a satisfactory answer to the inquiry 
which a leading supporter of foreign Chris- 
tian missions had put to him as he was 
leaving America: 'Find out what those 
people whom we have helped to become 
Christians are good for. Find out espe- 
cially in what way the products of our 
Christian institutions may be expected to 
be of use to the society in which they 

Congratulations to President MacLach- 
lan, as he has just received gifts amount- 
ing to $55,000 toward maintaining and 
developing the International Collie at 
Smyrna. After thirty years of indefati- 
gable labor for that institution and an un- 
relenting effort during his furlough to 
secure funds to meet the emergency aris- 
ing from the very notable success of the 
college, he must feel a thrill of joy at the 
prospect of yet better things ahead ; and 
we rejoice with him. 



Aognsta, Sooth Parish ch. 2 28 

Bangor, Central Cong. ch. 170 00 

Bath, Central Cong. ch. 92 23 

Bristol, Cone. ch. 1 60 

Bocksport, Ehn-st. Cone. ch. 17 42 

Farmnigton, 1st Cong. ch. 38 00 

GreenTule, Union Cong. ch. 10 00 

Hampden, Cong. ch. 10 41 

Maduon, Cong, ch., 28; Rev. Frederick 

H. Means, 25, 48 00 

Millinocket, 1st Cong. ch. 20 00 

Newcastle, 2d Cong. ch. 15 00 
Norridcewock, Mrs. Caroline F. Dole. 5 00 

South Portland, 1st Cong. ch. 40 00 

TopcfieUl. Cong. ch. 2 00 
Westbrook, Warren, 176.93; 

Cong, ch., 21.79, 196 72 

Wnidhain, 1st Cong. ch. 15 00 686 66 

N«ir Haapahif 

Bomstead, Cong. ch. 
Brentwood, Cong. ch. 
Concord, Ist Cong. ch. 
Exeter, Phillips Cong, ch, 
Lancaster, Cong. ch. 
Manchester, Ist Cong. di. 
Meredith, 1st Cong. ch. 

7 90 
10 00 
179 33 
71 00 
22 00 
100 60 
25 00 

Nashoa, 1st Cong. ch. 67 66 

Swanzey. Cone. ch. 14 00 

Whitefield, Mrs. James Richmond, for 
Harpoot, 3 00 

, Friend, for house, Shansi, 3,600 00—4,000 01 

Ltgacus. — Hanover, Andrew Moody, by 
John K, Lord and Chas. P. Cnase, 
Trustees, add'l, 60 00 

Laconia, Mrs. Susan A. R. Moses, by 
Artemas B. Smith, Ex'r, 1,000 00—1,060 00 


Burlington, College-st. Cong. ch. , toward 

support Dr. L.* H. Heals, 600 00 

Castleton, Henry P. Higley, 100 00 

Colchester, Cong. ch. 20 00 

Dover, West Cong. ch. 3 00 

East Corinth, Cone, ch., toward support 

Dr. C. W. Young, 16 01 

Enosburg, 1st Cong. ch. 24 50 

Greensboro, Cong, ch, 12 60 
Hyde Park, Cong, ch., Belle J. Noyes, 1 50 

Lunenberg, Cone. ch. 8 00 

Milton, Cong. ch. 13 93 

Randolph, Bethany Cong. ch. 135 00 

Richmond, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. Wm. Hazen, 47 00 

Vergennes, Cong. ch. 39 04 

Waterbory, E. H. E. 20 00 

Wells River, Cong, ch., toward support 

Dr. C. W. Young, 
Weston, Cong. ch. 

5.069 01 


60^60- T 





West Townshend, Cong. ch. 
Windsor, Old South Cong. ch. 
Woodstock, Cong. ch. 

, Friend, 

, A deceued Mend, 

18 60 
11 70 
18 50 
460 W—lfilO 23 

Acton, Cong. ch. 22 49 

Agawam, Cong. ch. 60 00 

Amherst, Friend, for Aruppukottai, 6 00 

Andover, Rev. C. C. Torrey, 10 00 

Barre, Con^. ch. 14 60 

Bedford, Cong, ch., of which 6 from 

United Workers, 59 00 

Belchertown, Cong. ch. 80 07 

Boston, Old South Cong, ch., 6,144.90; 
Central Cong, ch., 2,4«>; Mt. Venion 
Cong, ch.,404.96: Eliot Cong. ch.(Rox- 
bury), 326.06; Cong. ch. (Brighton), 
163.10; 2d Cong. ch. (Dorchester), 
92.23; Park-st., Florence St. 
J. Baldwin, 50 ; 1st Cong. ch. (Charles- 
town), 40 ; Faneuil 0)ng. ch., 8.43 ; Al- 
bert Stone, 40; Mrs. Mary Clement 
Leavitt, 6, 9,664 67 

Braintree, South Cons. ch. 40 00 

Brookline, Harvard Cong. ch. 968 02 

Cambridge, Pilfi^im C>>ne. ch., 66.66; 1st 
Cong, ch., Fnend, 50 ; North-av. Cong, 
ch., Friend. 60, 166 66 

Canton, Cong. ch. 49 69 

Cape Cod, Pilgrim, 16 25 

Charlton, Cong. ch. 6 00 

Chatham, Cong. ch. 7 00 

Chesterfield, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. C. T. Riggs, 70 00 

Clinton, 1st (^ng. ch., 80; Ger. Cong. 

ch.,6, 85 00 

Cummington, West Cong. ch. 2 85 

Dalton, Zenas Crane, 2C0 00 

Dracut, 1st Cong. ch. 3 00 

East Northfield, Friend, for work in 

Ceylon, 1 00 

Easton, Center Cong. ch. 18 47 

Fau-haven, Ist Cong. ch. 14 12 

Fitchburg, Rollstone Cong. ch. 49 92 

Franklin, Cong. ch. 24 00 

Gloucester, Tnnity Cong. ch. 104 64 

(Jranville Center, Ut Cong. ch. 10 00 

Hingham, Cong. ch. 45 00^ 

Holyoke, 1st Cong. ch. 209 65 

Hyde Park, Ist Cong. ch. 92 34 

Lawrence, United Cong. ch. 80 00 

Leicester, John Nelson Mem. Cong. ch. 97 72 
Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 16 00 

Leverett, 1st Cong, ch., 23.60 ; Moore's 

Comer Cong, ch., for Pao-ting-fu, 11, 84 60 
Littleton, Cong, ch.. In memory of Miss 

Anna M. Manning, 6 00 

Lowell, Friend, through A. O. Ludwig, 
92.91 ; W. H. G. W.,tor native preacher, 
China, 72, 164 91 

Ludlow. Union ch. of Christ, 33 80 

Lynn, North Cone. ch. 18 00 

Maiden, Chas. A. Belcher, for native 

helper, Pangchwang, 30 00 

Medford, Mystic Cong. ch. 125 87 

Montague, 1st Cong. ch. 42 50 

Natick, Ist Coiig. ch. 60 66 

New Bedford, Trin. Cong. ch. 20 30 

Newburyport, 1st Cong. ca. 35 09 

Newton, 1st Cong. ch. 452 82 

Northbridge, Rockdale Cong. ch. 12 00 

North Hadley, 2d Cong, ch., to const., 
with previous donations, Fannie El- 
vira Scott, H. M. 11 78 
Peabody, West Cong. ch. 17 20 
Richmond, Cong, ch., 15.16; Wm. M. 

Crane, for Erzroom medical work, 83.34, 98 50 
Rockport, 1st Cong. ch. 9 46 

Salem, Crombie-st. Cong. ch. 43 50 

Shrewsbury, Cong. ch. 168 25 

South Hadley, Cong. ch. 15 00 

South Hadley Falls, G. 50 00 

Springfield, Park Cong, ch., 33.48 ; Olivet 

Cong, ch., 14.20, 47 68 

Stoneham, 1st Cong. ch. 87 96 

Sutton, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Taunton, Wlnslow Cong. ch. 25 15 

Waltham, 1st Cong. ch. 72 46 

Warren, Cong. ch. 80 61 

Wellesley. Cong. ch. 1 35 

West Boylston, Cong, ch., for Adana, 6 00 

Westfield, 1st Clong. ch. 30 00 

Westhampton, Rev. Doras Clark, de- 
ceased, 42 00 
West Springfield, Ashley School and 

Charitable Fund, 147 88 

Whitman, 1st Cong, ch., to const., with 

previous donations, Aaron R. War- 

FiBLD, H. M. 34 22 

Williamsburg, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. C. T. Riggs, 76 00 

Winchester. 1st Cong, ch., of which 219.98 

toward support Rev. A. W. Clark, 621 26 
Worcester, Piedmont, 2,280; 

Old South Ck>ng. ch., of which 500 

toward support Rev. C. B. Olds, 716 ; 

Union Cong, ch., of which 60 fnnn 

member, to const. Rsv. Francis Al- 

DBN Pools. H. M., 134.42, 3,129 42 

, Friend, 40 00 

, Friend, 2 00 

, Friend, 1 00-18,093 19 

Ltgacus. — Holyoke, Benjamin N. Nor- 
ton, by Thomas J. Lynch, Ex'r, 200 00 

Millhurv, Mrs. Sarah A. Spaullng, by 
H. W. Aiken, ExV, 60 00 

Seekonk, Ann E. Shorey, by C^eo. H. 
Robinson, Ex'r, add' I, 475 61 

Watertown, Edward D. Kimball, add'l, 3 75 

Williamstown, Mrs. Cornelia A. Allis, 
by Rev. John W. Lane, add'l, 8 00 ^737 SB 

18,830 45 

Ontral Falls, Cong. ch. 34 58 

Little Compton, United Cong. ch. 13 20 47 78 

Toanff People's SodctiM 

Now Hampshirb.— Wentworth, Y. P. S. C. E. 10 00 
Vbrmont. — Chester, Y. P. S. C. E., 6; Rkh- 
mond, Y. P. S. C. E., toward support Rev. 
Wm. Haaen, 3 ; Wells River, Y. P. S. C. E., 
toward support Dr. C. W. Young. 20, 28 09 

Massachusbtts. — Boston, Pilgrim Y. P. S. 
C. E. (Dorchester), 27 ; Chicopee, 3d do., for 
Mindanao, 5 ; Dedham, Allin ao., toward sup- 
port Rev. C. A. Clark, 16; Plymouth, Pil- 
srimage do., for Mindanao, 16 ; Shirley, Y. P. 
S. CTE., for Shao-wu, 5; Westhampton, do., 
for Sholapur, 30, 97 00 

Sonday Scboois 

Mainb.— Hampden, 1st Cone. Sab. sch., Ella 
E. Rowe's class, for Aruppukottai, 45 ; Har^ 
well, Cong. Sab. sch., for work in Micronesia. 
.30; Westbrook, Cong. Sab. sch., for Minda- 
nao, 2.26, 47 65 

Vbrmont. — (Chester, Cong. Sab. sch., 10; Lud- 
low, Cong. Sab. sch., 1 ; Milton, Cong. Sab. 
sch., 2.33; Rutland, Cong. Sab. sch., toward 
support Rev. E. A. Yarrow. 14.58, 27.91; 
Leu^ St. Johnsbury, South Cong. Sab. sch., 
returned, 4.14, 23 77 

M ASS ACHusBTTs. — Amherst, 1st Cong. Sab. 
sch., 13; Ballard Vale, Cong. Sab. sch., 12.72; 
Boston, Central Cong. Sab. sch. (Dorchester), 
for Mindanao, 2 ; Brookline, Harvard Cong. 
Sab. sch.. Prim. Dept.. for Mindanao, 6; 
Chicopee, 3d Cong. Sab. sch., 6 ; Foxboro, 
Bethany Cong. Sab. sch., 18.07; Hardwfck, 
Cong. Sab. sch., 6; Holyoke, 2d Cong. Sab. 
sdi., for Mindanao, 40 ; Lancaster, Cong. Sab. 
sch., 3.85; Lawrence, South Cong. Sab. sch.. 
Prim. Dept., for Mindanao. 2.60; Lee, Cong. 
Sab. sch., 70; Lowell. High-st. Cong. Sab. 
sch., 16 ; do.. Highland Cong. Sab. sch., Jun. 
Deprt., for Mindanao, 8.60; Lynn, North 
C:ong. Sab. sch., 40; Medford, Mystic Cong. 
Sab. sch., 7.60; Melrose Highlands, Conff. 
Sab. sch., 17.61; Northampton, Edwardi 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Pangchwang, 17.70; 
Springfield, South Cong. &ib. sch., 83.75; 
westboro, Evan. Cone. Sab. sch., 6 ; Wey- 
mouth Heights, 1st Cong/^ S^b.. sdi_ pO: 
Digitized by VjOOQIc 




Worcester, Old Soath Cong. Sab. sch., toward 
topport Rev. C. B. Olds. 60, 
Rmoob Island. — Pawtudcet, Park-pl. Cong. 

Sab. sch. 



Ansonia, 1st Cong. ch. 141 00 

Aihford, 1st Cong. ch. 1 00 

Berlin, C. S. Webster, 10 00 

Bethel, 1st Cong. ch. 100 00 

Bridgeport, Park-st. Cong, ch., 327.78 ; 2d 
Cong, ch., 186.40; Friend, 100; Friend, 
3, 817 18 

Canterbunr, 1st Cong. ch. 20 60 

Chaplin. Cong. ch. 30 66 

Comwall, Ist ch. of Christ, 886 00 

East Hampton, Cong. ch. 6 22 

East Hartford, 1st Cong, ch., Laymen's 
Miss. Com., for hospital woric, care Dr. 
F. Van Alien, 326 00 

Enfield, 1st Cong. ch. 40 10 

Farmington, Cong, ch., of which 10 to> 

ward support Rev. C. E. Ewing, 180 68 

Goshen, a>ng. ch. 119 00 

Gtanby, Geo. F. dark, 13 00 

Greenfield Hill, Cong. ch. 18 00 

Greenwich, North Cong. ch. 6 00 

Groton, John J. Copp, 6 90 

Hampton, Cong. ch. 2 46 

Hartford, AsvTum Hill Cong, ch., of 

which 630.10 toward sum>ort Rev. and 

Mrs. G. A. Wilder and 10 for work in 

C3una, 640 

Higganum, Cong. ch. 6 

Kensbgton, Cong. ch. 29 

Ledyard, Cong. cB. 19 

Middletown, South Cong, ch., 192.10 ; 1st, 216 

Milford, Plymooth Cong. ch. 30 

Monroe, Cong. ch. 7 

New Britain, 1st ch. of Christ, 918 ; South 


Cong, ch., 467.86, 1,81 

New HaTen, Plymouth Cong, ch., 207.63 ; 

C. M. Mead, 30, Z^ 

New London, 1st ch. of Christ, 68 

Norfolk, Cong. ch. 700 

North Bran ford. Cong, ch., of which 4.04 

interest Plant legacy. 12 

Norwich, 1st Cong, en., toward support 

Mrs. E. H. Smith, 10 

Old Saybrook, Cong. ch. 19 

Orange, Cons. ch. 146 

Plantsville, Cong. ch. 30 

Pomfret, 1st Cong. ch. 66 

Putnam, 2d Cong. ch. 96 

Southington, Cong. ch. 100 

South Manchester. Cong, ch., 110; Mr. 

and Mrs. Wm. NeiU, for Sholapur,26, 136 
South Windham, Cong. ch. 100 

South Windsor, 2A C<mg. ch. 81 

Stafford Springs, Cong. ch. 20 

Thompson, Cong. ch. 16 

Trumbull, Cong. ch. 11 

WalUngford. 1st Cong. ch. 226 

Waterburv, 1st Cong, ch., 300.29; Mrs. 

Helen P. Camp, 76, 384 

West Hartford, Lilla M. Harmon, 6 

Willimantic, 1st Cong. ch. 63 

Willington, Cong. ch. 4 

Wilton, Cong. ch. 36 

Windham, Cong. ch. 46 

Winsted, 1st Cong. ch. 32 

Woodbury, Ist Cong. ch. 87 

Woodstock, 1st Cong. ch. 24 

i>/ad(w.— Greenwich, Caroline R. Mead, 
by Chas. H. Mills, Ez'r, 

383 20 
25 00 

479 62 

60—7,012 88 

1,378 84 




Angola, A. H. Ames, 

Brooklyn, Central Cong, ch., 2,226.64; 
ch. of Pilgrims, of which 26 from Pil- 
grim Chapel, 376.60; ch. of the Evangel, 
63.10; JTulia P. Roberts, for Pang- 
chwang, 16; Miss Marion L. Roberts, 
12.70, 2,682 13 

Candor, Cong. ch. 

Carthage, West Cong, ch., Mrs. Sarah 

13 12 

Lee Woodin, 10 00 

Clifton Springs, Mrs. Andrew Peirce, 26 00 
Cortland, 1st Cong, ch., 17.09 ; H . E. Ran- 

ney, for work in China, 100, 117 00 

Coventryville, 1st Cong. ch. 6 00 

Denmark, 1st Cong. ch. 3 64 

East Bloomfield. 1st Cong. ch. 88 34 

Hamilton, 2d Cong. ch. 66 43 

Homer, Cong. ch. 25 78 

iefferson, Bin. H. N. Wade, 1 00 

[alone, Friend, 1 00 

Mt. Vernon, 1st Cong. ch. 80 00 

New York, Armenian Evan. Cong, ch., 

20; Bethanv Cong, ch.,10; Rev. Lyman 

Abbott, 100, 
Perry Center, Cong. ch. 
Pouehkeepsie, 1st Cong. ch. 
Rochester, South Cong. ch. 
Saugerties, Cong. ch. 
Syracuse. Danforth Cong. ch. 
West Brook, Plymouth Cong. ch. 
, Friend, 

Ndf Jmtmj 

Atlantic City, Chas. M. Morton, 100 00 

River Edge, 1st Cong. ch. 13 67 

Rutherford, Cong. ch. 6 00 

130 00 
47 17 
166 00 
29 72 
113 01 
13 40-3,630 28 

Upper Montclair, Cong, ch.. Christian 

Verona, 1st Cong. ch. 

982 610^ 


Allegheny, 1st Cong. ch. 46 88 

Audenried. Welsh Cong. ch. 6 00 

Harford. Cong. ch. 9 75 

Lansford, 2d Cong. ch. 1 00 
Philadelphia, Central Cong, ch., 20; 

Snyder-av. Cong, ch., 10, 80 00 

Pittston, 1st Cong. ch. 12 12 

Plymouth, Welsh Cong. ch. 16 00 

Scranton, 1st Cong. ch. 16 00 

Wilkesbarre, Puntan Con^. ch., 68.82; 

8d Welsh Cong, ch., 6; Daniel W. 

Hughes, 10, 88 82 

Williamsport, 1st Cong. ch. 10 


Akron, 1st Cong. ch. 86 82 

Cleveland, Pur&n Cong. ch. 40 18 

Columbus, 1st Cong, ch., 236 ; Eastwood 

Cong, ch., 66; Plymouth Cong, ch., 

44.60, 346 00 

Delaware, William Bevan, 6 00 

Edinburg, Cong. ch. 14 00 

Greenfield, Cong. ch. 1 16 

Lodi, Cong. ch. 19 00 

Mansfield, 1st Cong, ch., of which 30 

from Emily C. Wheeler, for Harpoot, 111 94 
North Ridgeville, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Oberlin, 1st Cong. ch. 81 18 

Springfield, 1st Cong, ch., 17.18; Lagonda-, 26 18 

Toledo, Washmffton-<t. 

which 6 for work, care Rev. 

bin, 10 24 

Weymouth, Co*>g. ch. 2 00 754 09 

Ltracus. — Toledo, Mabel Crawford, bv 

Clay Crawford and Wm. R. Stafford, 

Ex'rs, addl, 950 17 

District of ColoMbla 

Washington, Mt. Pleasant Cong, ch., of 
which 20 toward support Rev. W. C. 
Fairfield, 245.76; Ingram Mem. Cong, 
ch., 61.34; 1st Cong, ch., Miss Heloise 
Brainerd, for Mt. ^linda, 30, 337 00 

North Carotina 

Southern Pines, Cong. ch. 79 10 


Atlanta, Central Cong, ch., 66; Friends, 

Cong, ch., 
v. P. L. Cor 


; Friends, >^-> t 





Siuiday Schools 

CoNNKCTicuT.— Bridgep<Mt, 2d Cong. Sab. sch. 
(South), for Mindanao, 86.70; do., Park-st. 
Cong. Sab. sch., 18.08; Coventrv, 2d Cong. 
Sab. sch., for mission schools, 8.15; Green- 
wich, 2d Cone. Sab. sch., 6.39; Hartford, Asy- 
lum Hill Q>ng. Sab. sch., for Minc^nao, 
44.45; do., Farmington-av. Cong. Sab. sch., 
11.21 : Litchfield, Cong. Sab. sch., for Adana, 
20, and for Mindanao, 10; New Britain, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch., 69.39 ; do.. South Cone. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 66.10; New London, 2d 
Cong. Sab. sch., 60; do., Sab. sch. of Ist ch. 
of Christ, toward support Rev. C.N. Ransom, 
16.57; Simsbury, Cone. Sab. sch., of which 6 
from Ladies' class, aH for Mindanao, 9.86; 
South Manchester, Center Cone. Sab. sch., of 
which 6 for Mindanao, 33.60; Watertown, 1st 
Cone. Sab. sch., 18.82, 

N«w York. — Blooming Grove, Cone. Sab. 
sch., for Harpoot, 15; Brooklyn, ^rkville 
Cone. Sab. sen., for Mindanao, 10; do., Be- 
thesda Cong. Sab. sch.. for Mindanao, 6 ; do., 
Evan. Cong. Sab. sen., 6; Oswego, Cong. 
Sab. sch., 26.61; Syracuse, Plymouth Cong. 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 40, 

Nbw Jbrsbt. — Plainfteld, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Pennsylvania.— Williamsport, 1st Cong. Sab. 

Ohio. — Columbus, Plymouth Cong. Sab. sch., 
for work in Turkey, 28.17 ; Monroeville, Cone. 
Sab. sch., 2.96; Saybrook, Cong. Sab. sch. 
Mission Band, 3.48 ; Youngstown, Plymouth 
Cong. Sab. sch., 10, 



Roseland, 1st Cong, ch., Member, 


26 60 

Demorest, Union Cong. ch. 27 43 
Fort Valley, M. F. Bassett, 5 ; Mrs. E. T. 
Bassett, 4, 9 00 111 43 


Key West, 1st Cong. ch. 

Yoonc People's Societies 

CoNNBCTicvT. — Ointon, Y. P. S. C. £., 26; 
Coventry, do., 3.71 ; East Hampton, do., to- 
ward support G. M. Newell, 26; Greenfield, 
do., 9.17 ; Greenwich, North do., toward sup- 

Sort Rev. W. P. Elwood, 21.13; Rensineton, 
o., for Sholapur, 6 ; Wauregan, do., for Min- 
danao, 10; West Hartford, do., for Adana. 30, 
Nbw York. — Newark, Belleville-av. Young 

People's Union, for Aruppukottai, 
Florida. — Mount Dora, Y. P. S. C. E., for 

129 01 

10 00 


142 01 

449 32 

102 61 
13 00 

44 61 
611 18 

60 00 

Dallas, Central Cong. ch. 
Port Arthur, 1st Cong. ch. 

14 00 ^21 00 


Michigan City, 1st Cong. ch. 

10 60 


Chickasha, Cong. ch. 
Coldwater, Hillsdale Cong. ch. 
Medford, Cone. ch. 
Pond Creek, TJnion Cong. ch. 

4 00 
12 00 

60 18 60 


Abingdon, Cong. ch. 
Atkinson, Cone. ch. 
Aurora, New England Cone. ch. 
Carpentersville, 1st Cong. ch. 
Champaign, 1st Cong. ch. 
Chicaeo, Plymouth Cong, ch., 
Washington Park. Cong, ch., 


30 41 

31 00 
76 12 
26 00 
40 00 

Gross Park Cong, ch., 15; Bethany 
Cong, ch., 6 ; Brighton Cong, ch., 2.60, 149 60 
Cornwall, Cong. ch. 15 00 

i>ecatur, 1st Cong. ch. 66. 00 

Des Plaines, Cong. ch. 7 07 

Elbum, Cong. ch. 20 00 

Elgin, 1st Cone. ch. 65 00 

Evanston, 1st Cong. ch. 300 00 

Galesburg, CentralCong. ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. L. C. Powers, 160 00 
Geneseo, 1st Cone. ch. 44 77 
Glencoe, Cong. ch. 160 00 
Glen view, Cong. ch. 6 00 
Marseilles, Cong. ch. 5 00 
Metropolis. Cong. ch. 4 00 
Oak Park, 1st Cong, ch., of which 360.76 
toward support Rev. Robert Chambers, 
and from fnend 600, toward support Rev. 
A. W. Suub, 950.75; 2d Cong, ch., of 
which 300 from Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
Kimball, 437.64, 1,888 29 
Paxton, J. C. Anderson, 5 00 
Peoria, 1st Cong, ch., 150; Plymouth 

Cong, ch., 47.30, 197 30 

Roscoe, Cong. ch. 8 64 

Seward, Seward Cong. ch. 20 60 

Winnetka, Cong. ch. M6 13-3,084 i 


Charlotte, 1st Cong, ch 

Detroit, 1st Cong. ch. 

Flat Rock, Cong. ch. 

Greenville, Cong. ch. 

Hudson, Cong. ch. 

Ludineton, George N. Stray, 

New Haven, Cong. ch. 

Omena, Cong. ch. 

Royal Oak, Cong, ch., 7.13; Rev. Geo. 
W. Blackman, 2, 

Vermontville, 1st Cong. ch. 

Vernon, Cong. ch. 

, Friend, for schools, care Rev. Ed- 
ward Fairbank, 300 

12 00 
166 00 
60 00 
53 03 
60 00 

9 13 
12 00 


Berlin, Union Cone. ch. 
Brodhead, Cong. ch. 
Eaele River, Cone. ch. 
Lake Geneva, 1st Cong. ch. 
Oshkosh, Plymouth Cong. ch. 
Pleasant VaUey, Cong. ch. 
Ripon, Cone. ch. 
Superior, Pugrim Cong. ch. 
Walworth, Cone. ch. 
Waukesha, 1st Cong. ch. 
Whitewater, Cong. ch. 
Williams Bay, Cong. ch. 
Wyoming, Cong. ch. 

17 00 

10 00 
39 11 
63 30 

4 01 


22 40 


15 42 
17 25 

6 00 ^208 77 


Bagley, Cone. ch. 3 50 

Brownton Cong. ch. 3 OS 

Comfrey, Cong. ch. 3 39 

Cottage Grove, Cong. ch. 14 00 

Crookston, 1st Cong. ch. 26 67 

Duluth, Pilgrim Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. H . M. Irwin, 26 00 
Elk River, Union ch. 22 68 
Grand Meadow, Cong. ch. 3 90 
Hawley, " Self-denial," 10 00 
Hopkins, Cong. ch. 4 20 
Mannomin, Cong. ch. 3 30 
Mapleton. Cong. ch. 13 26 
Milaca, Cong. ch. 6 60 
Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong, ch., of 
which 191.12 toward support Rev. A. 
H. Clark, and 26 from friend, 216.12 ; 
Park-av. Cong, ch., 171.66; 1st Cong, 
ch., 150; Como Cong, ch., 84; 38th-st. 
Cone, ch., 14, 636 78 
Northneld, Cong, ch., Friend, toward sup- 
port Dr. and Mrs. P. T. Watson, 25; 
Rev. Fred. B. Hi 11, toward support Rev. 
A. A. McBride, 625, 660 00 
Rochester, Cong. ch. 122 40 
St. Paul, Olivet Cong, ch., for Hulakeeh 
station, 51.10 : Pacific Cone, ch., 12.86 ; 




Wabuha, 1st Cong. ch. 
Winona, 1st Cong. ch. 


Ames, Abnm S. Uddle, 

Bear Grove, Cong. ch. 

Chester Center, Cong. ch. 

Council Bluffs, 1st Conz. ch. 

Des Moines, North Parle Cong. ch. 

Dickens, Cong. ch. 

Grinnell, Cong. ch. 

Harvey, Cong. ch. 

KellogK. Cong. ch. 

Mars^ltown, 1st Cong. ch. 

Monona, Cong. ch. 

Montour, Cong. ch. 

Newton, 1st Cong. ch. 

Reinbeck. Ccnig. ch. 

Sheldon, R.W:Abom. 

Sioux City, 1st Cong. ch. 

Sloan, Cong. ch. 

Tripoli, Cong. ch. 

Vining, Bohemian Cong. ch. 

Waterioo, Union Cong. ch. 

Winthrop, Cong. ch. 


Iberia, Cong. ch. 
Kansas City, 1st Cong. ch. 
Lebanon, Cong. ch. 
Neosho, 1st Cong. ch. 

North Dftkoto 

Hillsboro, 1st Cong. ch. 
Maxbass, Cong, ch., for Harpoot, 
Oberon, Cong. di. 

Ashton, Cong. ch. 
Athol. Cong. ch. 
Beresford, Cong. ch. 
Glenview, Cong. ch. 
Huron, Cong. ch. 
Lebanon, Cong. ch. 
Logan, Cong. ch. 
Redstone, Cong. A. 
Spearfish, Cong. ch. 
Valley Sjnings, Cong. 


13 00 

00 00-1,093 01 

10 00 

14 00 



49 75 

14 00 

663 16 



133 00 


40 00 

100 68 

30 76 

350 00 

33 61 

13 76 

10 00 



12 33-1,814 13 

6 76 

887 92 

13 91 


8 47 
7 10 
4 00 19 57 



10 00 
47 60 



30 00 

7 00 113 13 

Aurora, 1st Cong, ch., for work of Dr. 

Edward L. Bliss, 13 68 

Creighton, Cong. ch. Women's Society, 

for Pangchwang, 15 00 

Crete, Ger. Cong. ch. 16 00 

Hastings, Hans Hansen, for LinUing, 400 00 
Havelock, 1st Cone. ch. 6 00 

Keystone, Loomis Cong. ch. 12 30 

McCook, Ger. Conference of Brethren, of * 

which 30 for India. 30 for Africa, 30 for 

China, 30 for Japan, and 30 for Turkey, 150 00 

34 00 
42 60 
15 75 
Wisner, Cong. ch. " 4 58 ^707 81 

^nina, so zor japan, ana ai i 
Neliffh, 1st Cong. ch. 
Omaha, Plymouth Cong. ch. 
Santee, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 

Argentine, Cong. ch. 6 00 

Bloomington, Cong. ch. 1 55 

Burlington, Mrs. Alma J. Brown, 15 00 

Chase, Cong. ch. 5 00 

Clay Center, Clarence Eastman Mem. 

Cong. dtx. 
Kensington, Cong. ch. 
Louisvflle, Cong, ch 

Overbrook, Cong. ch. 
g. en. 

10 00 
10 00 
25 00 
70 00 

Sabetha, Cong. . 

Topeka, Central Cons, ch., 907.28; Stu< 
dents Washburn Collie, for native 
worker, car^ Rev. W. P. Elwood, 9, 316 28 

Wellington, 1st Cong. ch. 30 



Ballantine, Cong. ch. 
Broad View, Cong. ch. 

1 90 


Big Horn, Ist Cong. ch. 
Big Piney, 1st Cong. ch. 
Boulder, Cong. ch. 
Buffalo, Union Cong. ch. 
Cheyenne, 1st Cong. ch. 
Dayton, 1st Cong. ch. 
Douglas, Cone. ch. 
Eden, Cong. en. 
Green River, 1st Cong. ch. 
Lusk. 1st Cong. ch. 
Pinedale, 1st Cong. ch. 
Rock Springs, 1st Cong. ch. 
Shoshoni, 1st Cong. ch. 
South Pass, Mission ch. 
Van Tassel, Mission ch. 
Wheatland, Cong. ch. 
Worland, 1st Cong. ch. 





39 87 


4 69 




1 80 

1 04 

6 17 




1 00 en 

Boulder, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Colorado City, 1st Cong. ch. 8 00 

Craig, Cone. ch. 15 00 
Denver, Plymouth Cong, ch., of which 

180 for Madura, 367 00 

Florence, Mrs. C. H. Bissell, 10 00 

Longmont. 1st Cong. ch. 60 67 

New Windsor, Ger. Cong. ch. 11 00 

Pueblo, Ist Cong. ch. 33 00 883 67 

YoQBg Pieople'a Soetotlcs 

Illinois.— Chicago, Mission Study and Prayer 
Union of Moody Bible Inst., for Mt. Silinda, 
13.60; do., Bethany, Y. P. S. C. E., 10; Rock- 
ford, 1st do.. 8 ; Strawn, do.. 10, 40 60 
Michigan. — Sheridan, Y. P. S. C. E. 3 41 
Missouri.— Green Ridge, Y. P. S. C. E., for 

Siuiday Schools 

Illinois.— Big Rock, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao. 6; Cfhicago, North Shore Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 38.2U ; do., Bowmanville, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Ing-hok, 16 ; do., Douglas 
Park, Cone. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 10; 
Kewanee, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mt. Silinda, 
30 ; Payson, Cong. Sab. sch., for Adana, 30, 

Michigan. — Detroit, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 40; 
North Woodward, Cong. Sab. sch., 14.72 ; St. 
Clair, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 8.32; 
South Haven. 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 32.13, 

Wisconsin. — Endeavor, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Minnesota. — Minneapolis, 5th-av. Cong. Sab. 
sch., 7 ; Pelican Rapids, 1st Cong. Sab sch., 6, 

Iowa. —Church, Ger. Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 4.50 ; Shenandoah, Cong. Sab. sch., 10 ; 
Waterloo, Plymouth Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 2.52, 

Nebraska. — Havelock, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. 

Colorado. — Craig, Con^. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 6 ; Sulphur Springs, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 5, 


15 00 
67 91 

118 30 

86 17 
16 29 

13 00 

17 03 
3 61 



Genesee, 1st Cong. ch. 
Meadows, Cong. ch. 

14 66 
6 00 19 65 


Colfax, Cong. ch. 
Edmonds, Cong. ch. 

50 00 
24 00 

Natchez, Cong. ch. 16 00 

Seattle, Edgewater Cong, ch., 167.60 ; Pil- 

§rim Cone, ch., 91.62; Brighton Cone, 
h., 83 : Oak Lake Cong, ch., 6 ; Fau-- 
mountCong. ch.,3, 301 12 
Spokane, Plymouth Cong. ch. 00 00 
Tacoma, Ist Cong. ch. 200 00 
Tekoa, Cong. ch. 10 00 600 12 

OwBon :ed by 

Eugene, Ist Cong. ch. 





Forest Grove, Cong, ch., to const Rkv. 

Danikl T. Thomas, H. M. 72 W 
Lexington, Cons. ch. 3 00 
Portland, HasssUo-st. Cong. ch. 10 00 
St. Johns, Ist Cong. ch. 8 00 171 ( 


Alameda, 1st Cong. ch. 

Avalon. Cons. ch. 

Bakersneld, Cong. ch. 

Berkeley, North Cong, ch., 23.29 ; I.. J. 

and Miss L. G. Barker, toward support 

R<v. F. F.Good5eU,72, 
Claremont, Cong. ch. 
Cloverdale, Cong. ch. 
Compton, Cong. ch. 
Escondido, Cong. ch. 
Etiwanda, Cong. ch. 
Eureka, 1st Cong. ch. 
Jasper, Cong. ch. 
Lemon Grove, Cong. ch. 
Logan Heights, Cong. ch. 
Long Beach, 1st Cong. ch. 
Lot Angeles, 1st Cong, ch., 89.73: East 

Cong, ch., 12.54 ; Park Cong, ch., 9.30 : 

Plymouth Cong, ch., 9.30; West End, 6; Olivet Cong, ch., 8.75; 

Armenian Cong, ch., .86, 
Maricopa, Cong. ch. 
Monrovia, Cong. ch. 
Murphjrs, Cong. ch. 
Oakland, 1st Cong, ch., 106; Pilgrim 

Cong. ch.,27JS0, 
Ontario, Bethel Cong. ch. 
Oroville, Cong. ch. 
Pasadena. 1st Cong, ch., 51.83; North 

Cong ch., 6.70: West Side, 

2.26; Mrs. E. M. Orton, 5, 
Paso Robles, Cone. ch. 
. Pomona, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 
Ramona, Cong. ch. 
RedUnds, 1st 
San Bernardino, 1st Cong. ch. 
San Diego, 1st Cong. ch. 
San Francisco, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 
San Jacinto, Cong. ch. 
Sherman, Cong. di. 
Sierra Madre, Cong. di. 
Ventura. Cong. ch. 
Verde, Cong. ch. 
Whittier. Cong. ch. 
, Frienc^ 

TMiiff Peopto's SodctlM 

Washington.— Mozee Valley, Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Mt. SUinda, 

Cauporni A.— Escondido, Y. P. S. C. E., 6.27 , 
Lot Angeles, Park do., 3.10; Pomona, Pil- 
grim do., 13.40, 

32 55 

22 35 

95 29 

77 50 


1 65 

7 75 

28 07 

40 00 



3 10 

15 90 

130 47 

8 14 

4 65 


L38 60 


26 20 

64 78 


124 00 


89 90 





85 65 




70 06 

16 00-1,256 39 

SHBday Schools 

Washington. — Seattle, Keystone Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao. 

Caupornia. — Benicta, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 2; Chula VisU, Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Aruraukottai, 26 : Claremont, Cong. Sab. 
sch,, 11.04 ; Corona, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao, 60 ; Little ShasU, Cone. Sab. sch., for 
Mindanao, 1 ; Oakland, 1st Cong. Sab. sch . 
for Mindanao, 60; Pacific Grove, Mayflower 
Cong. Sab. sch., Young Women's Philathea 
Bible class, toward support native teacher, 
Aruppokottai, 12, 

20 77 
30 77 

12 71 


Montreal, Amer. Presb. ch., toward sup> 
port C. C. Fuller, 

Prague, Churdies, for Shao-wu, 

. W. W. 

161 04 
173 75 

600 00 
106 06 
20 00 

Monastir, Church, 


Mindanao MediaU Work 

NbwYokk. — New York, Mindanao Medical 
Asso., 1,380.75 ; Geo. Weston, 125, 


From Woman's Board of Missions 
Miss Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 
For sundry missions in part, 12,814 10 

For housekeeping grant. Miss Elizabeth 

Johnson, 75 00 

For medical grants, Japan missionaries, 63 06 
Toward new building for girls' school. 

Chihuahua, 240 00 

For household expenses of Miss Grace 

Kellogg, 12 56 

Toward nurses' home, care Dr. Ruth P. 

Hume. 250 00 

(From Manhattan ch., New York City, 

N. Y., toward salary of Mrs. F. B. 

Bridgraan^, _ 40 00 

26 00 

1,506 75 

(For A. B.C. F. M.) 

10 00- 13,50* 71 

From Woman's Board or Missions of the Intbrior 
Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 

5,000 00 


From Woman's Board of Missions for the Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 

Treasurer 1,220 75 

19,736 46 

AddiUonal DomUoh* for SpoeUl OhjMte 

Maine.— Brunswick, Students Bowdoin Col- 
lege, for native helper, care Rev. R. A. Home, 
50; Gardiner, Maids of the Holy Cross, for 
pupil, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 10 ; Hampden, 
Cong. Sab. sch., for native preacher, care Rev. 
R. A. Hume. 15 : Lewiston, Friend, for Mar- 
din High School Building Fund, care Rev. 
R. S. M. Emrich, 10; Portland, the Misses 
Libby, for native preacher, care Rev. R. A. 
Hume, 50, 135 00 

New Hampshire. — Hillsboro, Smith Mem. 
Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. C. L. Storrs, 16 ; 
Lancaster, Cong. Sab. sch., Home Dept., for 
Bible-wooun, care Miss Martha S. Wiley, 26 ; 
Whitefield, Mrs. James Richmond, of which 
2 JK> for use of Miss Clara C. Richmond, 2 for 
use of Rev. J. L. Fowle, and 3 for work, care 
Rev. B. K. Hunsberser, 7.56, 47 56 

Vrrmont. — Springfield, Mrs. James Hartness, 
for native preacher, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 
100; West Brattleboro, Ist Cong. ch.. Mrs. 
W. H. Bigelow, of which 30 for use of Dr. G. 
C. Raynolds and 6 for use of Rev. E. A. 
Yarrow, 35; do.. 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for med- 
ical work, care Dr. C. K. Clark, 15.67, 160 67 

Massachusetts. — Boston, 2d Cong. Sab. sch. 
(Dorchester), Z. A. N orris's class, for native 
worker, care Dr. E. L. Bliss, 37.60; do., 
Cong. Sab. sch. (Brighton), for work, care 
Miss Anna B. Jones, 8.75: do., Mrs. Henry 
Woods, for Sivas Normal School, care Rev. 
E. C. Partridge, 500; do., Leslie H. Allen, 
toward new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. 
Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 5; Bridgewater, 
Central-sq. Girls' Club, for use of Rev. John 
X. Miller, 8; Brockton, Porter Cong. Sab. 
sch., for work, care Rev, L. F. Ostrander, 11 ; 
do., Marion C. Abbe, for work, care Mrs. H. 
1. Gardner, 2; Fitchburg, Rollstone Cong. 
Sab. sch.. Prim. Dept., for pupil, care Mrs. 
W. O. BalUntine, 20; Florence, Myra L. 
Bovnton and mother, for work, care Rev. C. L. 
Storrs. 7; Haydenville, Y. P. S. C. E., Hatde 
J. Rice Memorial Fund, for work, care Rev. 
C- A. Nelson, 11.15; Lawrence, United Cong, 
ch., for scholai-ship. care Rev.T. D. Christie, 

40; Littleton, Friends, by Julia S. Conant, 
toward proposed Shattack Hall, Oorfa, 15 a 
Natick, 1st Cong, ch., for native helper, AlJC 

bania, 100; North Brookfield, 1st^, 




for work, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 12 ; Somer- 
vUle, Helen J. Sanborn, through Miss Ellen 
M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian Girls' 
Boarding School, Kortcha, 10; South Hadley 
Falls, G., for school, care the Misses Ely, 25 ; 
Wakefield, Mrs. Malcohn Dana, for the An- 
nie Tracy Riggs Hospiul, 5 ; Wellesley Hills. 
Waldo E. Pratt, through Miss Ellen M. Stone, 
for girls' boarding school, Kortcha, 50; 
Worcester, Old South Cong. Sab. sch. class 
No. 8, for pupil, care Miss Annie L. Howe, 10, 877 40 

Rhodk IsLAN'D. — Providence, Union Jun. Y. 
P. S. C E.. for pupils, care Miss Mary B. 
Haixting, 15 ; do.,1^ E. SalUbury, for do. ,16, 31 00 

CoKKBcncuT. — Colchester, Y. P. S. C, E., for 
work, care Rev. Wm. Hazen, 6 ; Danielson, 
Emily Danielson, for pupils, care Miss Mary 

B. Harding, 16; Hartford. Asylum Hill Cong. 
Sab. sch., Tor work, care Rev. L. S. Crawford, 
40; do., Mrs. Sarah B. Colver, for work, care 
Rev. J. S. Porter, 25; do., Mrs. John W.Cooke, 
for hospital, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 25 ; do., 
Mrs. Edward C. Stone, of which 5 for work, 
care Rev. E. H.Smith, and 5 for work, care Dr. 
H. N. Kinnear, 10 ; do., Elizabeth W. Stone, of 
which 5 for work, care Rev. E. H. Smith, and 
2 for work, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 7 ; do., 
Jane W. Stone, of which 5 for work, care Rev, 
E. H. Smith, and 1 for work, care Dr. H.N. 
Kinnear, 6; Kensington, Kensington chapel, 
for work, care Rev. J, S. Porter, 4.34 ; Litch- 
field, Daisy Chain, for pupil, care Mrs. T. W. 
Woodside, 4.60; New Britain, 1st ch. of 
Christ, for use of Rev. Geo. Cowles, 68.86 ; 
do., do., A. N. Lewis, for work, care Rev. R. 
A. Hume, 100; New Haven, the Misses Brad- 
ley, for work, care Rev. G. A. Wilder^ 75; 
do., Young Ladies' Circle of Pilgrim Cfong. 
ch., for use of Rev. £. H. Smith, 40; New 
Lcmdon, Mrs. J. N. Harris, for work, care 
Rev. John Howland, 2,000; do., do., toward 
new equimnent for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, 
care C. C. Fuller, 100; Somers, E. Louise 
Patten, for work, care Rev. T. D. Christie, 
96; Southbury, Mrs. Wallace Nutting, for 
pupil, care Miss Mary B. Harding, 15; Tal- 
cottville, Mrs. John G. Talcott, for work, 
care Rev. E. H. Smith. 10; do.. Friend, for 
work, care Rev. J. S. Porter, 6 ; Thomaston, 
Cong. Sab. sch.. Prim. Dept.. for work, care 
Rev. Wm. Hazen, 12: Willimantic, Cong. 
Sab. sch., toward scholarship in school, care 
Rer. E. H. Smith, 15 ; Windham, Cong. Sab. 

•ch., for use of Miss MaryT. Noyes, 20, 2,629 70 

Nsw York.— Brooklyn, Chas. A. Clark, for 
Bible-woman, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 3; 
Buffalo, Mrs. Sarah C. Whittemore. for Col 
bum School, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 125; 
Castile, Sanitarium Mission Circle, for work, 
care Miss Frances K. Bement, 10; Lyons, 
Jane T. Brownson, for pupil, care Rev. B. K. 
HansbergeTjlS j New York, Arthur C. James, 
for Union Training School Building Fund, 
care Rev. A. H. Clark, 1.000; do., Mrs. E. 
J. Brown, of which 110 for support of two 
Bible-women and two beds in hospital, care 
Dr. I. H. Cnrr, and 40 for village schools, 
care Dr. T. B. Scott, 150; Perry Center, Y. 
P. S. C. E., for native pastor, care Rev. E. H. 
Smith, 60; Port Levden, Ist Y. P. S. C. E., 
for work, care Rev. H. C. Hazen, 16 ; Pough- 
keepsie. 1st Presb. ch., for work, care Rev. A. 
N. Andnis, 100; do., Mrs. Harriet W. Wins- 
low, for hospital, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 
1,000, 2,468 00 

Nbw Jbrskv. — Lakewood, A. W. Kenney, for 
school, care Rev. Geo. E. White, 25 : Mont- 
clair. Almond L. Clark, for Union Training 
School Building Fund, care Rev. A. H. Clark, 
6; Salem, Mrs. Walter Hall, through Miss E. 
M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian Girls' 
School, Kortcha, 10, 40 00 

PmNSTLVANiA. — Edwardsville, Welsh Cong, 
ch., Morgan R. Morgans, for pupil, care Dr. 
J. P. Jones, 26; Harrisburg, M. E. ch., W. 

C. T. U. service, through Miss E. M. Stone, 
for enlargement of Allnnian Girls' Boardine 
School, Kortcha, 12.65; Philadelphia, 9th 
Presb. cb. Woman's Miss. Soc., through Miss 
E. M. Stooe, for enlargement of Albanian 

Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 20; do.. 
Baptist ch. (Germantown), W. C. T. U. serv- 
ice, through Miss E. M. Stone, for enlarge- 
ment of Albanian Girls' Boarding School, 
Kortcha, 8 ; do., Prince of Peace chapel. Two 
ladies, through Miss E. M. Stone, for enlarge- 
ment of Albanian Girls' Boarding School, 
Kortcha, 6 ; do., 2d Presb. ch. Woman's For. 
Miss. Soc., Miss Dinwiddle, through Miss E. 
M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian Girls' 
Boarding School, Kortcha, 5; do., Olney 
Presb. en. Woman's Miss. Soc., through Miss 
E. M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian 
Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 4; do., Mary 
E. Hebard, for nurse, care Dr. and Mrs. E. 
S. Ward, 175; do., A. B. Maddock and 
friends, through Miss E. M. Stone, for Alba- 
nian Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 50; do., 
"Turkey," through Miss E. M. Stone, for 
enlargement of Albanian Girls' Boarding 
School, Kortcha, 5; Pittsburg, East End M. 
E. ch., W. C. T. U. service. Uirough Miss E. 
M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian Girls' 
Boarding School, Kortcha, 68 ; do., Calif or- 
nia-av. M. E. ch. Woman's Miss. Soc., 
through Miss E. M. Stone, for enlargement 
of Albanian Girls' Boarding School, Kort^a, 
3.10; do.. Another W. C. T. U. service, 
through Miss E. M. Store, for enlargement 
of Albanian Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 
3 ; do., Marion E. Foss( WiUcinsburg), through 
Miss £. M. Stone, for enlargement of AIIm- 
nian Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 1 ; 
Steelton, W. C. T. if. service, through Miss 
E. M. Stone, for enlargement of Albanian 
Girls' Boarding School, Kortcha, 6.39 ; West 
Chester, Mrs. C. E. Baldwin, for pupil, care 
Rev. C. D. Ussher, 25 ; Williamsport, Mrs. 
T. P. S. Wilson, in memory of Mrs. Fanny 
E. Canfield, for the Annie Tracy Riggs 
Hospiul, 26, 440 14 

Corrtction. — Item acknowledged in February 
Htraid from 1st Cong, ch., Pittsburg, 30, 
should have been from 1st Cong, ch., Alle- 

Ohio. — Cleveland, Rev. J. D. Williamson, for 
native pastor, care Rev. L. S. Gates, 60 ; do., 
Andrew Auten, of which 40 for work, care Rev. 
E. C. Partridge, and 40 for work, care Dr. W. 
A. Hemingway, 80; Collinwood, 1st Cong, 
ch. Woman's Assoc., for pupil, care Mrs. u. 
G. Brown, 6; Lorain, Friends, for school, 
care Miss N. J. Amott, 23 ; Oberlin, 1st Cong, 
ch., C., for native pastor, care Rev. G. u. 
Wilder, 16 ; do., Oberlin Shansi Mem. Assoc., 
for native helper, care Rev. P. L. Corbin, 
83.33 ; do.. Mrs. Hockings, 2, and Mrs. Mil- 
ler, 2, by Mrs. R. M. Cole, for kindergarten, 
care Miss E. M. Chambers, 4; Wellmgton, 
Friend, for Zornitza, 100, 360 33 

Maryland.— Baltimore, Central Presb. ch., 
through Miss E. M. Stone, for enlargement 
of Albanian Girls' Boarding School, 2 25 

Alabama.— Talladega, Talladega College, Mis- 
sion Helpers Band, for school, care Miss 
S. R. Howland, 10; do., Carrie E. Parkhurst, 
for work, care Rev. J. E. Abbott, 60. 70 00 

Louisiana. , Woman's Home Miss. 

Union, fm* pupil, care Miss S. R. Howland, 6 60 

Illinois. — Champaign, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for 
new equipment, Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Ful- 
ler, 10; Chicago. Puritan Cong. Sab. sch.. for 
pupils, care Nlrs. A. N. Andrus, 30 ; do., Mr. 
and Mrs. Peter Verberg, for native pastor, 
care Rev. H. G. Bissell, 10; do., Friend, for 
native pastor, care Rev. L. S. Gates, 100; 
Maiden, Methodist ch., for Canton Boys* 
School, care Rev. C. A. Nelson, 16; do., 
Mrs. Perry, for Bible-woman, care Rev. C. A. 
Nelson, 30 ; do., do., for South China Girls' 

School, care Rev. C. A. Nelson, 20; , 

Friend, for work in Japan, 1, 216 00 

Michigan. — Detroit, Bertha E. Arms, for new 
equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care 
C. Cf. Fuller, 5: Grand Rapids, T. S. Suluba, 
for Mardin Building Fund, care Rev. R. S. M. 
Emrich, 5 ; Linden, Rev. C. W. Greene, for 
boys' school, care Rev. E. C. Partridge, 6; 

, Friend, for new schools, care Rev. |{ 

Edward Fairbank, 200, 



March, 1911 

Wisconsin.— Appleton, Winifred Bright, for 
work, care Mrs. D. M. B. Thorn. 13.15: 
Flcnrence, Harald Rasmussen, for hospital 
work, care Dr. H.N. Kinnear, 2, 

Minnesota. — Hutchinson, 1st Cong. ch. Wo- 
man's Miss. Soc., for pupil, care Mrs. G. G. 
BrowUjS; Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong, ch., 
for Union Training School, care Rev. A. H. 
Clark, 868; do., do., Miss S. H. Kingman, 
for widows' home, Bombay, 80: do., do , 
Friend, for hospital work, care Dr. H. N. 
Kinnear, 10; do., do.. Friend, for use of Miss 
S. R. Willard, 6; do., Sth^iv. Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Bible-woman, care Miss Emily S. Hart- 
well, 6; do., Eben E. Leighton, for work, 
care Rev. H. K. Wingate, 100; St. Cloud, 
Normal School Y. W. C. A., for pupil, care 
Miss E. M. Atkins, 10 ; St. Paul. People's ch., 
for native helper, care Rev. T. S. Lee, 40 ; 
do.. People's Y. P. S. C. E., for native helper, 
care Rev. T. S. Lee, 6, 

Iowa. — Chester Center. Cone. Sab. sch., for 
use of Rev. G. E. White, 10: Clear Lake, 
Cong. Sab. sch., Prim. Dept., for work, care 
Rev. J. X. Miller, 6 60; Grinnell, Mrs. ElU 
R. Towle, for hospital at Marsovan, 1,000; 
Newton, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., Sen. and Jun., 
for native teacher, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 60; 
Parkersburg, Cone. ch. Woman's For. Miss. 
Soc., for g&ls' school, care Miss C. R. Wil- 
lard, 6, 

Missouri. — Labelle, Mrs. S. F. Johnson, for 
orphans, care Miss Annie E. Gordon, 100; St. 
Joseph, Tab. Cong, ch., Dr. and Mrs. H.N. 

16 15 


ler, for hospital, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 

North Dakota. — Carrington, Cong. Sab. 
sch., P. A. McMillan's class, for Bible-woman, 
care the Misses WyckoflT, 

South Dakota. — Spcarfish, Rev. and Mrs. S. 
R. McCarthy, for work, care Rev. W. O. Pye, 

Nbbraska. — Wausa, Epworth League, for pu- 
pil, care Rev. G. P. Knapp, 

Montana. — Helena, G. N. Fuller, toward 
new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, 
care C. Cf. Fuller, 

Colorado. — Denver, 2d Cong. ch. Ladies' Aid 
Soc., for pupil, care C. C. Fuller, 20; do., 2d 
Cong. Sab. sch., toward new equipment for 
Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 
10; Eaton, Cong. Sab. sch., toward new equip- 
ment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. 
Fuller, 5; Greeley, Frances Tobey, toward 
new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, 
care C. C. Fuller. 10. 

Nbw Mexico. — Albuquerque, Mabel A. Smith, 
toward new Muipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. 
Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 8 ; do., Louise Lud- 
wig, toward new equipment for Indus. Dept., 
Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 2, 

Idaho. — New Plymouth, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
pupil, care Dr. W. A. Hemingway, 

Washington. — Anacortes, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Sivas Normal School Building Fund, 
2.60; do., Pilgrim Y. P. S. C. E., for Sivas 
Normal School Building Fund, 2 60 ; Belline- 
ham, Ella L. Belyea, for work, care Rev. R. 
A. Hume, 30; Seattle, Plymouth Y. P. S. C. 
E., for student, care Mrs. E. W. Ellis, 00; 
do., Mrs. J. F. Pike, for pupil, care Miss 
Belle Nugent, 10; Tacoma, Ist Cong. Sab. 
sch., for work, care Rev. J. P. McNaughton, 

California. — Berkeley, 1st Cong, ch., for use 
of Rev. F. F. Goodsefl, 10 ; Campbell, Cong, 
ch.. for work, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 42; 
Claremont, Cong. Sab. sch., for Bible-woman, 
care Rev. H. G. Bissell, 7; Fresno, Pilgrim 
Armenian Cong, ch., for orphanage, care Kev. 
W. N. Chambers, 34.60; Afills College, Mills 
College, for Batticotu College, 60 j Pacific 
Grove, Mrs. Ellen N. Ford, for hospital, care 
Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 26: Pasadena, Lake-av. 
Cong, ch., Mrs. H. G. GoflF and Mrs. A. N. 
SheMon, for use of Mrs. S. S. Dewey, 26 ; 
Redlandls, Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. C. 
R. Hagjer, 24.78; do., do., Mr. and Mrs. D. 
S. Jennings, ior pupil, care Mrs. R. Winsor. 
21 ; Sacramento, Cong. Sab. sch., for use ot 
DajM K. Getchell, 23.85 ; San Frandseo, Mn. 

1,060 60 

106 00 

12 00 
25 00 
20 00 


46 00 

10 00 
20 00 

245 00 

Margaret H. Lawrence, for indos. work, care 
Rev. W. N. Chambers, 4.83 ; South Pasadena, 
R. G. Boyles, toward new equipment for In- 
dus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 5 ; 
Upland, Mrs. Chas. E. Harwood, for rehabili- 
tatiou f outstation work in Fen-cho-fu, care 
Rev. y^ . O. P)'e, 600, 

Mexico. — Mexico, Fnend of Africa, for work, 
care A. J. Omer, 

Austria. — Prague, Friends, for pupils, care 
Rev. G. P. Knapp, 


From Woman's Board op Missions 
Miss Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 
For furnishings and work of girls* board- 
ing school, care Miss E. Gertrude 
Rogers, 68 37 

For five scholarships, care Miss Mary L. 

Daniels, 10 00 

For pupil, care Miss Emilv R. Bissell, 15 00 
For Bible-woman, care Miss Mary B. 

Harding, 30 00 

For work, care Rev. J. P. Jones. 10 0} 

For memorial bed, care Dr. Kate C. 

Woodhull, 25 00 

For work, care Miss Marion G. Mac- 
Gown. 10 00 
For work, care Rev. Mark Williams, 10 00 
For new building, St. Paul's Inst., care 

Rev. T. D. Chnstie, 60 00 

For work, care Rev. Wm. Hazen, 
For repairs on building, care Mrs. Mary 

C. Winsor, 
For repairs on building, care Mrs. Mary 
C. Winsor, 

for Miss Gertrude 

772 46 
49 80 








16 00 

Toward organ for Miss Gertrude E. 

Toward organ for Miss Gertrude E. 

Toward organ for Miss Gertrude E. 

For pupils, care Rev. H. C. Hazen < 
For Bible-woman, care Miss Julia E. 

For work, care Rev. E. D. Kellogg, 

From Woman's Board op Missions op the Intsrior 

Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 


For use of Miss Helen H. Stover, 26 00 

For cot in hospiul, care Dr. Lucy P. 

Bement, 26 00 
For use of Miss Mary B. Harding, 10 00 
For use of Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 25 OO 85 00 

From Woman's Board op Missions por ths Pacipic 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 

J ynMSfwwy 

For use of Mrs. G. D. Marsh, 32 00 
For use of Miss Martha S. Wiley, 10 00 
For use of Miss E. S. Hartwell, 10 00 52 00 

IncoMM St. PmI's iBRtltato 

Income and contributions, 2,724 63 

13,833 40 

86,766 57 
4,116 27 

90,873 84 

Total froM Soptember 1, 1916, to JmrnrnMrj SI, 1911. 
DonotioDa, $283,253.77; LegBcUo. $90^72.84 := 

AlbuioB Work 
Ilunois. — Chicago, Mrs. Mary W. Borden, 1,000 00 

AtwAter MemorUl F«ad 

Donations received in January, 
Legacies received in January, 

MiNNsaoT A . — Minn( 

""•WgfeiS'gy<sor5g le„ «, 

£iia^/^W 1845 

Incofpofateti 1 900 

W. & L. E. GURLEY - TROY, N.Y., U.S.A. 

t^anufadurtrs of 

Civil Engineering, Mining, Surveying, and Physical Instruments 

Standard Weights and Measures 

Accurate Thermometers 

Mechanical, Opticai and Electrical Apparatus 
for Schools. Colleges, Techsica! Laboratori^ 

Scientific Instruments of Special Design 

Ca|a/j?f ttei and detailed infonnalion on n^jaeti 

Pl^UK mention MiulouAty Herald wlim ym write to adverdiert 



&i>ok. Magazine, and Job 
Priming in all iu hranchea 
Difficult work a tpecialty 



All work la excetited aat. 
tifactorily and delivered, 
when prom tied 



TROY. N. Y.. and 



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No. 70S, ' Tabloid ' First-Aio 

Measurements : 64 x 3J x 2 in. 

Enamelled Metal Case 

No. 707. *Taoloid' FiRsr-AiD 

Measurements I 6^ x 3.i * 2 in. 

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Measurements: 4 x 3 x g in« 

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No. 715. 'Tabloid' First-Aid 

Measurements: 7J x 4J x 2 in* 

Enamelled ^letal Case 

No. 702. * Tabloid' 
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RECOGNIZE the power of the Christian 
religion to elevate in the East as it has 
done in the West, and I see a future for the 
native church the importance of which it seems 
to me impossible to exaggerate. ... I have 
Indian Christian friends for whom I have as 
high a regard as for my friends in the West, 
and whose characters I have recognized as 
becoming more and more Christlike as they 
submit themselves to his teaching and to the 
influence of his Spirit. 

SIR ANDREW FRASER, late Lieutenant Governor 
of BcngaL 

Boston APRIL 1911 

Anierican Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Eni^fred at tks Ptf»t&ffice at E<f«i(m. Mats., at 9ei-mtd-ela99 matter 



Editorial Notes. Illustrated 

The Day's Round — In a Theological Seminary. By Rev. Robert A. Hume, d.D- 

Illustrated 159 

The Lucknow Conference on Missions to Moslems. By Rev. William A. 

Hazen. Illustrated 102 

The Cost of Comity — An African Instance, By Rev. Frederick B, Brid^man. 

Illustrated 1*>1 

Dr. a. J. Lyman at Ahmednagar. By Rev. Alden H. Clark. Illustrated . . 166 
From Theology to Bridges. Illustrated ......... 167 

A Merhy Christmas in India. By Rev. H. G. Bisaell. Illustrate., . . .169 

The Southern Cross. By Rev. Ernest A. Bell 170 



By-Prodl'CTS of Foreign Missions. By Secretary James L. Barton. Illustrated 

Field Notes. Illustrated 

Letters from the Missions, Illustrated . . . , . 

West Central Africa- European Turkey — Madura— Shansi 

The Wide Field . 

Turkey — India— China — Arabia 

The Portfolio 

The Chronicle 





American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Con^egational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston, Mass. 


Samuel B. Capsn. ll..ix 

EDWAEtn f). Eaton, d.d. 

Corrapo7idina Secrtlariu 

James L. BAaTON. i>.d. 

CoRNBUua H- Patton, d,d, 

Frank H. WicKitN. Esq. 

Editorujl Secretarie* 

BtiNATUAN E. Sthong, D.D., EmerilMM 

Rbv. WiLt4AM E. Strong 

Ataociate SrcretarieM 
Rev. Enoch F. Bell 
Rev. D. Brewer Eddy 

PutdiMhinQ and Purchotdna Ao*nt 

District Secreiariea 

Middle District: Rev. Willard L. Beakd 

Ith Avenue and 22d Street* New York 

Interior Dbtrict: A, N. HiTCHCOCK, fh.d. 
163 lAsalle Street. ChicaKO 

PaciRc CoMt District : Rev. H. Melville Tenney 
MoehanicB Bank Building-. San Francieco, Cal* 



Term Expires juti 
Hon. Arthur h. Wellman 
Rev. ALBBin P. PrrcH 
ILenry H. Proctor 
Rev. Lucius K» Thatkr 

Term Expirma ISIM 
Francis O. Winslow 
Rev. Artbur L. Gillett 
CiLARLEs A. Hopkins 

Term Expires ]9JS 
Herbert A. Wilder 
Rev. Edward M- NoYtss 
Rev. Edward C. Moore 
Rev. George A. Hall 

Legacies. — In writing b<Hiij€*t« [he entire corpo- 
rate name of tho Bcjard Hhould be uscd^ &s foilows : 
"American Board of Commissioners for Foreig-n 
MiKsionA. incorporated in Massac liuH«tta in 1812." 

PuBLtOATiONS.- The Misffiofmnf Ht-mld, iUustrated, 
monthly: 75 cents a year, c*r 50 cents in cluba of ten 
or more; foreijm subscriptions. 3<> cents addUional 
for postHge, The AftA«ii>» Dauspriitif, an illustrated 
monthly for children : 2() cent^ a year, $L5© for ten 
copies. $3 for Lwenty-fivt? copies, Aftierieaj} Bixird 
Almanfir: Price. 10 cents, S6 p«r hundred, by mail or 
express. Skotchefl of Missions. MapR, includinE Wall 
Maps, LfAlIet^, and Tracts in [arge variety. For 
Publican ion 9. addrc^a 

America?? Boar-^, PuBLtSHnsi^ciiliit^] 

Room lfi2, 1"! Bf^con Street. Boston. 

#ri^Og ' 

Prsm of Thamtu Todd Q».. U B«aetm Sirmst, Bowttmt Af<u«, 

The Missionary Herald 

voLuvE crvii 

APRIL 1911 

Number 4 

"Plague reports exaggerated. None 
in Peking. Manchuria improving." The 

cable brought this message, 
facwtaT* March 8, from Dr. Charles 

W. Young, of Peking. In 
an earlier letter to his mother in this 
country, to whom also the dispatch 
was sent, Dr. Young remarks that 
press reports must be discounted eighty 
per cent. The more precise and au thor- 
itative news now appearing from dif- 
ferent centers in the stricken region 
confirms this view. It is said that the 
precautionary methods of the Giinese 
have been surprisingly efficient; and 
that the disposition of officials to co- 
operate with the missionary and other 
foreign physicians in combating the 
plague has been marked and encour- 
aging. The exceptional virulence and 
mortality of this pneumonic form of 
the plague increase the horror of its 
s^pearance and account in part for the 
wild reports that have been spread 
abroad. But there are rumors that 
Russia has not been unwilling to have 
the world put in panic by reports that 
might enable her to rush soldiers into 
Manchuria, ostensibly as a sanitary 

The nation-wide celebration of fifty 
years of organized foreign mission work 

of women suffered no chill 
bM^ when it struck New England. 

The Boston meetings (March 
14-15) showed the same enthusiasm 
and spiritual power that had charac- 
terized the gatherings in other cities 
and sections. The attendance was phe- 
nomenal, the addresses effective, in 
some cases never to be forgotten, the 
luncheons (it was found necessary to 
provide four halls for this purpose) 

were delightful and inspiring occasions, 
and the thank-offerings were gener- 
ous, the pledges of the Ck)ngr^:ational 
women present amounting to over 
$3,000. The marvel grows that this 
extensive and elaborate campaign of 
meetings could be so quickly and 
quietly arranged, and that it could be 
carried out with almost uniform power 
and effect. 

After all, there was a disturbance 
at Adana, although, as was said in the 

last Missionary Herald, 
Jl^j^^^^^ the impUcation that the 

city and region were on 
the eve of a wide outbreak of massa- 
cres was entirely unfounded. It seems 
that when an intoxicated man mounted 
to the gallery of a minaret in Adana 
and gave the call to prayer at an hour 
not appointed, the Armenians, easily 
terrified after what they had endured, 
guessed it was a preconcerted signal. 
As a number of Christian houses and 
places of worship had been marked in 
the night with red crosses, and some 
threats had been uttered, a panic was 
quickly started ; some families fled from 
the city. But Mr. Chambers and the 
consuls went at once to the Vali, who 
promptly assured them that order 
would be maintained, and declared 
that the attack was really against him 
for having protected the Christians in 
their rights. At once he took steps to 
arrest and imprison the leading offend- 
ers; other suspicious characters were 
warned that he would hold them ac- 
countable for any outbreak. Soldiers 
were marched through the principal 
streets, with their officers and the Vali 
at their head, to demonstrate the forces 
behind the law. Immediatel3j.order was 

Digitized by V^CM)QlC 


Editorial Notes 


restored, and the people who had been 
scared into flight returned to their 
homes. The total effect of the dis- 
turbance was to furnish new testimony 
to the capacity, zeal, and fairness of 
the new Vali. Mr. Chambers's state- 
ment concerning the good order in the 
district stands undisputed. 

Rev. Charles H. Holbrook is the 
one new missionary whose going to 
the field we chronicle this 
month. He sailed from 
New York March 25. Mr. 
Holbrook was born in Salem, Mass., 
and after studying in the schools of 

To Re-enforce ■ 
Western Tarkejr 


Lynn and Swampscott entered Boston 
University, receiving the degree of A.B. 
in 1902 and a.m. in 1903. During his 
educational course he was able to sup- 
port himself, and after graduation he 
became instructor in the Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute, where for two 
years he taught the modern languages. 
During this period, as indeed later, he 
was much engaged in work for young 
men. In 1904 he united with the Old 
South Church in Worcester, and in 1907 
entered Union Theological Seminary, 
whence he was graduated last year. 
In his labors for self-support he has 
secured an unusually broad training 
which will fit him for various forms of 
service in our mission fields. Mr. Hol- 
brook has been warmly commended by 

In TnrbiilMit 

those acquainted with the work in which 
he was engaged, especially that for 
young men. He has been designated 
to the Western Turkey Mission in the 
expectation that he will be located at 
Sivas. Recently Mr., Holbrook trans- 
ferred his church relationship to the 
Congregational church at Wellesley 
Hills, Mass., where he was ordained 
February 15. This church is to un- 
dertake his support on the mission, 

Just as this issue is being made up 
tidings come from some of the Board's 
missionaries in Mexico, in- 
dicating that many of them 
have been and still are 
pretty much cut off, not only from the 
rest of the world, but from one an- 
other. A letter from Miss Long, of 
Chihuahua, sent out privately by auto- 
mobile to* El Paso on March 7, reported 
that the city was virtually in a state 
of siege. For a week no train had 
gone in or out of the city and commu- 
nication was cut off even from Parral. 
The city itself was still quiet, the fed- 
eral troops being reluctant to go out 
to battle and the rebels not venturing 
to press in. It appeared that they 
were hoping to compel surrender by 
a prolonged siege. At that time the 
mission had sufficient supplies on hand 
to prevent immediate anxiety ; it was 
feared that if the smelting works and 
the mines should be shut down there 
might be rioting by the hundreds of 
men left without work. Mission work 
in church and school was being contin- 
ued much as usual, though naturally 
with lessened and irregular attendance 
and with scanty funds, as the people 
were becoming rapidly impoverished. 
At the same time a telegram from 
Mr. Wright, of Parral, forwarding a 
dispatch from Chihuahua dated March 
14, reported all missionaries well and 
expecting that mail service would soon 
be restored. Mr. Wright also indicates 
that Parral was cut off for a while, not 
only from Chihuahua, but even for sev- 
eral days from Guadalajara and Mexico 
City. Ther^ .^ejg rumors that the 


Editorial Notes 


rebel leader, Madero, was approach- 
ing Chihuahua with increasing forces, 
though reports were so conflicting as 
to make it difficult to verify rumors. 

That the disorder is widespread over 
the province of Chihuahua is indicated 
by the fact that for two months no 
word has been received from Rev. A. 
B. Case, who occupies a ranch at San 
Buenaventura ; the train service of that 
region both by the direct line and on 
the Mexican Central road being en- 
tirely interrupted by rebel forays. 

It is hard to say just what these 
events portend for Mexico. Evidently 
the rebellion is not wasting away as 
waa thought two months ago. The 
outlook is certainly serious, if not omi- 
nous of increasing warfare and upris- 
ing against government forces that 
seem insufficient to meet the crisis. 
The mobilizing of United States troops 
upon the border is also not fully ex- 
plained. Apparently it is more than a 
mere demonstration of military tactics. 
At least the troops wilt prevent United 
States territory being used as a rendez- 
vous or refuge for Mexican bands, and 
they will be ready, if need arises, for 
police duty in guarding foreign prop- 
erty and interests. Meanwhile there 
is need to pray earnestly that all con- 
nected with the Board's mission in 
Mexico may walk wisely and safely 
through the perils of the time. 

As this number of the Missionary 
Herald reaches its readers the final 
touches are being put on 
Bto^'^LLt *® f^^^^ missionary ex- 
position which opens 
in Mechanics Hall, Boston, Saturday, 
April 22. It is nearly three years since 
this exposition was projected ; for more 
than a year it has been in actual prep- 
aration. Those who have been able to 
watch operations at close hand have 
continually marveled at the energy, 
skill, and comprehensiveness with which 
Mr. Gardner and the associates he has 
gathered round him have gone at their 
task. So adequately have the myriad 
details been managed that the exposi- 
tion is able to open two days ahead of 

the time first set, and will thus be in 
operation just four weeks. Though 
the first of its kind in America, it is not 
to be the last; already a dozen cities 
are booked for similar missionary ex- 
positions. But it is not likely to be 
seen elsewhere in New England. Her 
people must come to the Hub for it. 
And Boston invites all to come who 
would see the world as the field where 
the Word of the kingdom is sown. 

The Congregational Brotherhood of 
America has rendered one more good 
The coRsrccatioiiai service to the mission- 
BrotiMrhood ary enterprises of its 

Fold-.». denomination by mak- 
ing the March issue of Tke Brotherhood 
Era a missionary number. And into 
thai number has gone all the keenness, 
versatility, enthusiasm, and snap which 
always characterize this magazine. The 
very motto on the cover is a ringing 
challenge, "Elvery man who is inter- 
ested in humanity is interested in mis- 
sions." The opening pages sparkle 
with epigrams; next come "Facts 
Boiled Down of Our World-Wide 
Work," followed by a pungent mes- 
sage to American business men entitled, 
"Why Missions?" by Rev. W. W. 
Newell; the rest of the magazine is 
devoted to a series of programs for 
meetings covering the work of each of 
the missionary societies. These pro- 
grams have been worked out with 
great care, and are rich in suggestion 
and material. The number deserves 
wide circulation among the men of our 
churches; it is worth far more than 
the dime it costs. Our congratulations 
and thanks to the editor of the Era, 
whose office is at 4304 North Paulina 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

The prospectus is out for the twenty- 
eighth annual meeting of the Interna- 
tional Missionary Union, 
oifto- Spring ^ be held at Clifton 

Springs from May 31 to 
June 6. Missionaries will need no word 
of explanation as to this conference, 
and those on furlough or retired in 
this country will not S§^d%? ^OOr^C 


Editorial Notes 


to attend. The hospitality of the Sani- 
tarium at Clifton Springs, the delight- 
ful associations of the time, and the 
value of the addresses and discussions 
which are then to be enjoyed impel 
every missionary to be presfent if pos- 
sible. This year the topic is stated in 
the title of Dr. Mott's last book, ** The 
Decisive Hour of Christian Missions." 
Missionaries planning to attend and de- 
siring to accept the hospitality of the 
Sanitarium should write at once to 
the corresponding secretary, Mrs. H. J. 
Bostwick, Clifton Springs, N. Y. And 
all others contemplating attendance at 
their own charges should give early 
notice of their intention, that provision 
may be made for their entertainment. 

According to The Orient enough 
new railroads are now projected in 

Turkey to transform the 
JlTiSlKr^ mapof that empire, if all 

shall be built. The big 
"if" in the case grows out of the 
financial stress of the country and the 



difficulty in procuring foreign gold. 
However, four lines in widely separated 
parts of the empire are on the point of 
starting construction: one short line 
running east and west in European 
Turkey; a second from Samsoun to 
Sivas ; a third from the capital to the 
port of the province of Yemen; and 
the fourth, a prolongation of the Bag- 
dad Railway, through the Taurus Moun- 
tains via Adana and Osmanieh to Helif . 
These roads will do much to bind the 
empire together; they will immensely 
develop commerce, and over portions 
of the country potentially rich will 
transform belated and inadequate 
methods of traffic. 

The packet of post cards just issued 

by the American Board has scored an 

instant success. Eight pic- 

reflect varied aspects of 
the missionary undertaking. A few 
words of explanation are added to tell 
the story of the scene. All who have 
seen these striking and artistic views 
are more than pleased with them. And 
the package of eight costs only a dime ! 
A two-cent stamp is needed to cover 

The Young . People's Missionary 
Movement of the United States and 
OridMi Canada offers to pay from 
MiarioMiy five to ten dollars each for 
^'■'•**^ accepted written accounts 
of original missionary exercises, pro- 
grams, dialogues, or dramatizations 
received before May 1. It desires to 
put in print the freshest and brightest 
plans of this kind which have been 
used successfully. Any one wishing to 
learn the full conditions of the offer 
may write to the Educational Depart- 
ment of the American Board or to the 
Young People's Missionary Movement, 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

In view of the limitations of the Edin- 
burgh Conference, yielding to the in- 
sistence of £}nglish mission- 
ary societies, to leave out 
of its view of mission work 
any nominally Christian people, the fol- 
lowing expression of the Conference 
of Foreign Missionary Boards of the 
United States and Canada at its 
last meeting in New York has special 
importance : — 

" The conference, having had brought 
to its attention a statement adopted by 
the missionaries from Latin America 
who were present at the Edinburgh 
Conference, deems it appropriate to 
say that the American and Canadian 
Missionary Societies have always felt a 
sense of missionary responsibility to 
deepen the spiritual life in Latin Amer- 
ica, in view of the conditions which they 
know to prevail in these lands, and that 
while cordially acceoting* aiul|pcogniz- 

The CftM of 


Editorial Notes 


ing: the propriety of the limitations im- 
posed upon the Edinburgh Conference 
and the Ck)ntiniiation Committee, the 
members of the conference reiUBrm 
their conviction that the evangelization 
of Latin America is a part of the world 
missionary task which the Christian 
Church dare not neglect, and that 
there should be an increased and ade- 
quate support of missions to the Latin 
American peoples." 

It cannot but be a regret to the 
American Board circle, and particularly 

to his associates in the 
wiSST^ Madura Mission, that 

Mr. Sherwood EMdy 
feels compelled to leave Battalagundu 
and the important work he has been 
carrying on there, to accept the posi- 
tion of Greneral Young Men's Christian 
Association Secretary for Asia. Mr. 
Eddy went to India as a Young Men's 
Christian Association worker; he has 
never been an appointed missionary of 
the American Board, though his recent 
service in the Madura Mission has been 
none the less devoted and valuable for 
that. It was natural that when Dr. 
John R. Mott, with his new responsi- 
bilities as chairman of the Continuation 
Committee of the Edinburgh Confer- 
ence, looked about for another associate 
qualified to bear a large and varied 
responsibility in the Far East he should 
turn to one who had had experience 
both in the Young Men's Christian 
Association and in a mission station. 
Mr. Ekidy's new position will involve 
much traveling and keep him closely in 
touch with both hemispheres. He is to 
spend seven months in the Orient, con- 
ducting evangelistic meetings in India 
and the Far East (China, Korea, and 
Japan), and the rest of the year is to 
be spent in the United States raising 
funds for the work and securing new 
workers for the foreign field. While 
deploring the loss of so valued a mis- 
sionary, the American Board extends 
to Mr. Eddy its felicitations and good 
will for the important task to which he 
now turns, and rejoices to think he is 
still to be a missionary and a fellow- 

worker with this Board in the one task 
to which his life is committed. 

A cx)RRBSPONDENT of East and West, 
which is, so far as such a review ex- 
if«dfMT»i Worship ists, the one quarterly 
and christun of the EngUsh-speakiug 

""■■*^' people for the study of 

missionary problems, voices his feeling 
that those who would imitate the de- 
votion and self-sacrifice of mediaeval 
Christians make a mistake in clinging 
to the same form of expression. Dur- 
ing the Middle Ages those who desired 
to consecrate their money to the exten- 
sion of the kingdom of God felt that 
the erection of costly churches was the 
most effective means of advancing the 
kingdom of God and his glory. It was 
not possible then for them to contribute 
to missionary colleges or to multiply 
churches outside the pale of Christian- 
ity inasmuch as three-quarters of the 
globe was unknown to them. Their 
spiritual successors today best follow 
them, not by erecting buildings that 
vie with one another in cost and mag- 
nificence, but by giving their support 
to those who are promoting Christian 
worship in places which so far lack the 
institutions of the Christian religion. 

The writer of the letter is an Angli- 
can. The review in which it appears 
is maintained by the missionary society 
which represents the High Church An- 
glican party, the Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Grospel. It is the more 
impressive, therefore, to find the edi- 
torial utterance of the review com- 
mending the sentiment of its contribu- 
tor, and instancing as a case in hand 
the erecting of a building close to 
Westminster Abbey at a cost which 
would have rendered posisible the erec- 
tion of one thousand mission chapels 
in connection with the community to 
which the building belonged. The ap- 
peal for less expenditure for the church 
at home and more for the church abroad 
may easily be exaggerated ; the build- 
ings and institutions of religion must 
somewhat conform to the standards of 
other institutions in Christian lands.i 
Incidentally, it may be questionell^^ 


Editorial Notes 


whether it is well for the churches of 
the West to build the Christian sanctu- 
aries of the Elast. And yet there is 
constant and, it seems, increased occa- 
sion for the people of Christian E3ng- 
land and America to consider whether 
the better testimony to their Lord is 
borne by erecting new cathedrals, seek- 
ing still richer display of ecclesiastical 
art, striving that Protestant may sur- 
pass Romanist, and the religious out- 
strip the secular, or by a yet more 
devoted, sacrificial, and unhesitating 
effort to demonstrate the redeeming 
power of God's gospel in the discipling 
of all nations. 

The receipt of $1,000,000 from two 
devoted friends of Christian missions 

A New Era in tiM ^^^ <>' ^^^ American 
Hiffiier Ednca- Board, as their contribu- 
tioiiai Work y^^ toward the higher 

educational endowment fund projected 
at $2,000,000 as a basic figure, makes 
the establishment of that fund an as- 
sured fact and marks a new era in the 
Board's policy of training leaders for 
the Christianizing of the peoples and 
the civilizations where its missions 
are. Already the Prudential Commit- 
tee has appointed a special sub-com- 
mittee on this department of work, 
which committee in turn has organized, 
formulated its principles of operation, 
and laid out some lines of procedure. 
The lift has come to the Board's 
higher educational institutions none too 
soon. Each year of late, now almost 
each month, shows the marvelous in- 
crease of opportunity for this depart- 
ment of missionary enterprise. In the 
huge empires of Turkey, India, China, 
and Japan, and to new degree in such 
different fields as South Africa and 
Bulgaria, the chance for evangelism 
through education is fairly overpower- 
ing to the straitened missionaries. In 
some of these lands the sudden call for 

teachers in government schools makes 
a demand that at present cannot at all 
be met. Many times $2,000,000 could 
be used without waste, rather with im- 
mense productiveness, amid the new 
conditions in almost every land where 
the Board is operating. The hope rises 
that these gifts just received are the 
harbingers of others that will soon 
come for similar purposes. The con- 
stituency of the Board will join its 
oflScers in joyous gratitude to these 
friends who modestly ask that their 
names be withheld for a time. May 
other wealthy and generous souls, not- 
ing this benefaction, be moved to sim- 
ilar wise investment, that in these 
changing and formative times they 
may have some large share in the re- 
making of the world after the pattern 
and according to the will of Christ. 

It is an impressive and significant 
fact that the World's Student Christian 

Federation is to hold 
^n^^^~ ite i^nth meeting in 

Constantinople, April 
24-28, and upon the invitation of dele- 
gates from the Levant extended to the 
federation at its last meeting in Ox- 
ford, July, 1909. It will be remem- 
bered that the seventh conference of 
the federation was held at Tokyo in 
1907: now for the second time it as- 
sembles in a city which represents 
characteristically other than the Chris- 
tian civilization. The traveling secre- 
taries of the federation, together with 
Dr. John R. Mott, are in Turkey com- 
pleting arrangements and rousing at- 
tention and interest for the approach- 
ing meetings. Let us hope and pray 
that in this capital of the Moslem 
world the witness to Christ may be so 
borne at this conference that sJl shall 
feel the beauty and the power of the 
life which was in him and is in his 

Digitized by 


The DA^!S 



By Rev. ROBERT A. HUME, d.d., of India 

BECAUSE a large measure of re- 
sponsibility for the seminary in 
Ahmednagar, 150 miles east of 
Bombay, is only one of the many lines 
of service, the whole of no day in 
my life goes to that seminary. But 
for five months it ordinarily receives 
more time than anything else. In 
its last term that seminary had two 
classes: one of twenty men who re- 
ceived all of their instruction through 


the Marathi language, and one of eight 
who received half of their instruction 
through English and half through Ma- 
rathi. Each class had four exercises a 
day, five days a week, and an exercise in 
the making of sermons and conduct of 
worship on Saturday mornings. There 
-were three American professors, viz.. 
Rev. H. G. Bissell, my son Dr. R. E. 
Hume, and myself, and two Indian pro- 

fessors. Rev. N. V. Tilak and Rev. T. 
Nathoji, who gave some part of their 
time to teaching in the seminary. Mr. 
Bissell, Mr. Tilak, and I usually had 
two exercises each, the other instruct- 
ors one exercise each daily. 

The American instructors are better 
known in this country than the In- 
dian. Mr. Nathoji is a graduate of the 
first class of this institution, was for 
twdnty-eight years the successful pastor 
of the Bombay church, and is an excel- 
lent preacher. He has been called the 
Spurgeon of Western India. In the 
seminary he has taught pastoral work. 
Mr. Tilak, whose portrait appears, is 
easily the best poet of Western India. 
He has declined invitations to other po- 
sitions in order to give himself wholly 
to Christian service. In the seminary 
he teaches church history, comparative 
religion, t. e., the relation of Christian 
thought to Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, 
Zoroastrianism, and the Modern Theis- 
tic Movements, and also the prose and 
poetry of the Marathi language. 

The following is an approximately 
accurate picture of a week day from 
early in June to near the close of Octo- 
ber: Rise at 6 a.m. After dressing, 
etc., a little meal of tea and toast, 
and a glance at the first mail, which 
is delivered at about 7 a.m., on my 
bicycle to the lecture hall, a quarter 
of a mile from my house. From 7.30 
to 9 o'clock, teaching the two classes 
together through the Marathi lan- 
guage, mainly by lectures, for part of 
the ter^m on the Christian interpreta- 
tion of life in many phases, and part 
of the time on the work of a pastor. 
On the way home I walk, and trundle 
my cycle, because some student has oc- 
casion to talk with me about what ha€ 

169 ^ 







Digitized by VjOOQIC 


The Day's Round in a Theological Seminary 


been said in the classroom, or some of 
my many agents need to consult me 
about the work in the district, etc. Or 

1 may need to consult some other in- 
structor, or some missionary, or to do 
some business by the way. On reach- 
ing home, almost certainly some other 
agents or Christians are on the veranda 
of my study and office, awaiting an in- 
terview. An assistant, who is also my 
Marathi clerk, is on the veranda, and 
has been talking with persons who are 
waiting to see me, and tells the essence 
of what some of the visitors have to 
say. As briefly, yet as courteously as 
possible, those visitors are dealt with. 
Breakfast at 10 o'clock. Then family 
prayers in Marathi, at which are 
present the servants and all visitors, 
Christians and non-Christians, who 
have been gathering on the veranda. 
Next a hasty going through the mail 
which has come by the second delivery 
and preparation for the second teach- 
ing exercise. Then, from 12 to 1 
o'clock, teaching theology to the Eng- 
lish class of students, who have come to 
my study. This is conducted mainly 
tlirough the use of a book by Dr. C. A. 
Beckwith, of the Chicago Theological 
Seminary. Almost always some visitor 
has been waiting for that exercise to 
close. If so, a few words with him. 
My typist comes from 1 to 2 p.m., 
to whom I dictate matter. Tiffin at 

2 o'clock. After tiffin, correspondence, 
sometimes in Marathi; in that case 
I usually dictate to the assistant, who 
has been sitting on the veranda to 
meet and talk with visitors. Then prep- 
aration for the next morning's exercise. 
The time after 6 p.m. is usually spent as 
follows : 6.15 to 6 p.m. one day, church 
prayer meeting ; another day, seminary 
prayer meeting; a third day. Chris- 
tian EIndeavor meeting ; occasionally a 
preaching exercise with theological 
students in some part of the city. 
Fortunately I do not need stated ex- 
ercise, as most missionaries do, and 
which they ought to take. 

But one afternoon a week I go from 
5 to 7 P.M. to the weekly tennis-tea 
and meet of all the missionaries of the 

station, which is held in turn in the 
yards of different missionaries. On 
Saturday afternoon I sometimes go on 
an outing and sometimes to a neigh- 
boring village to help the village agents. 
Dinner at 7.30. After dinner, one even- 
ing in the week, there is a meeting of 
all the missionaries in the station, 
which is a business meeting once a 
month and a devotional meeting the 
other weeks. Occasionally an evening 
is given mainly to social matters, when 
other missionaries come to our house 
for dinner, music, games, conversation, 
etc., or when my wife and I are invited 
to the houses of other missionaries or 
to those of English friends. Theoret- 
ically, my wife and I sometimes have 
a quiet time together. But often calls 
from Indians require conversation about 
work. On Friday we are usually writ- 
ing for the foreign mail, which must be 
dispatched by 10 p.m. to catch the mail 
steamer from Bombay on Saturday. 
In term time, on Sundays, I sometimes 
visit village churches in the vicinity. 
If I stay in Ahmednagar, sometimes I 
read at home in the forenoons and 
sometimes visit several Sunday schools 
for non-Christians; in the afternoons 
I occasionally preach for one of the 
two city churches, and after the church 
service usually take part in street 
preaching. Sunday evening is a quiet 
time. Usually my doctor daughter 
and her lady colleagues come to our 
house for dinner, after which we 
have the repetition of poetry, singing, 
and conversation, and usually retire at 
about 10 P.M. It is a very busy but 
satisfying life. Theoretically, I wish it 
might be less strenuous. On the other 
side of Jordan, in the sweet fields of 
Eden, where the tree of life is bloom- 
ing, there perhaps will be rest for R. A. 

The weekly round for the seminary 
students is as follows : Attend four ex- 
ercises five days and do three kinds of 
Christian work once every week, and 
also conduct some exercise (1) for the 
young, such as a Sunday school class or 
young people's meeting ; (2) for Chria- 
tian adults; (3) for non-Christiar^C 

The four men seated at extreme riarht of front row are, besrinninff at the left. Dr. Wherry. Dr. Weitbrecht, 

Dr. Zwemer. Bishop of Lahore 


On Sundays some students regularly go 
to neighboring villages to preach for 
churches or in connection with schools 
which are likely to develop into churches. 
It is deemed desirable that on Sunday 

afternoon all who can do so should at- 
tend worship in the First Church, 
where I am glad to say they can hear 
as good preaching as can be found 



By Rev. WILLIAM A. HAZEN, of Sholapur, India 

THE Cairo Conference of January, 
1906, gave to the home church a 
sense of the greatness of the prob- 
lem of the Mohammedan world, and 
awakened a new interest and sense of 
duty with regard to work directly for 
the followers of Islam. The second 
conference, just held in Lucknow (Jan- 
uary 23-28), has laid emphasis anew 
upon the urgency of the Moslem prob- 
lem as a whole, and its resolutions ap- 
peal for the prayers and efforts of the 
entire church for the evangelization 
of the Moslem peoples. Africa is con- 
sidered at present the strategic center 

of this work, as Islam is rapidly spread- 
ing among heathen tribes in that con- 
tinent, and its adoption practically 
closes them to missionary effort. The 
conference urged that a chain of sta- 
tions be planted across Central Africa, 
especially to stay the Moslem advance. 
The conference has also urged anew 
the importance of special preparation 
for work for Mohammedans through 
the study of Arabic, Moslem theology, 
and religious customs. For this pur- 
pose, societies sending out missionaries 
are asked to allow them to spend some 
months in study, and it is proposed 

Mr. Chandler Mr. Hazen 


Dr. Patton 
Mr. Gates 

that a central institution be established 
at Cairo, where such studies can be car- 
ried on in association with experienced 
missionaries and in touch with the in- 
tellectual life of that great Moslem 
educational center. 

The Lucknow Conference was widely 
representative, having in all 163 dele- 
gates and 113 visitors from eleven coun- 
tries and fifty-four mission boards. 
Dr. S. M. Zwemer was once more made 
chairman, and Dr. H. U. Weitbrecht 
and Bishop J. E. Robinson vice-chair- 
men. The Anglican bishops of Luck- 
now and Lahore participated, while 
the Metropolitan of India and the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury sent greetings. 
Bishops Robinson and Wame of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church were also 
members, and the meetings were held 
in the Isabella Thoburn College. The 
papers read were by missionaries from 
nearly every country in which there 
are any Mohammedans, all the way 
from Morocco to China, and from 
Malaysia to Persia and Russia. The 
American Board was represented by 
Secretary Patton; by Mr. and Mrs. 

Trowbridge from Turkey; Mr. Chan- 
dler, of the Madura Mission; and 
Messrs. Gates, Hazen, and Lee, of the' 
Marathi Mission. 

The program opened with a general 
survey of the Moslem world by Dr. 
Zwemer, after which there were taken 
up, in succession, the Pan-Islamic Move- 
ment, Political Changes in the Moslem 
World and Their Relation to Christian 
Missions, and the Governmental Atti- 
tude toward Missions to Islam. These 
topics, together with the presentation 
of the progress of Islam among pagan 
races, provided a survey of present-day 
Islam, its spirit, its reform movements, 
its political currents, and its missionary 
activity, that wfts unique and inform- 
ing. So passed the first three days of 
the conference. The remaining days 
were given to the consideration of the 
training of missionaries for ministry to 
Moslems, the literature needed for this 
special task, work for women, and re- 
form movements in relation to women. 

The papers presented on all these 
subjects were by experts, and were 
generally of absorbing interest. n4i£ 

163 ^ 


The Cost of Comity 


less important, however, were the dis- 
cussions which followed, and which 
brought out the living experiences of 
actual workers ; for few took part who 
had not had some actual first-hand 
touch with work for Moslems. Spe- 
cially valuable was an evening confer- 
ence on the subject, * * How to Reach the 
Individual Moslem " ; in this, as in other 
discussions, very helpful contributions 
were made by men who were actual 
converts from Islam and were able to 
tejl what most appealed to them. 
While intellectual argument was often 
convincing, the testimony of these men 
showed that it was the life of the Chris- 
tian worker, the love and sympathy 
manifested, which in most cases was 
the deciding factor. And with all that 
was said about the importance of thor- 
ough intellectual preparation, and the 
need of specially trained workers, it 
was repeatedly made clear that less 
fully qualified workers possessing devo- 
tion and sympathy could accomplish 
much in the winning of Moslems to 
Christ. It was a rather startling state- 
ment that the chief result of the con- 
troversial literature pubUshed during 
the last century, with its convincing 
argument as to the contrast between 
Christianity and Islam, was the starting 
of a counter-movement of publication 
among Moslems themselves. 
The conference provided for the con- 

tinuance of its influence through a 
committee, the publication of its pro- 
ceedings, and preparation for a similar 
conference to be held five years hence. 
The important question now, as Chair- 
man Zwemer said, is as to what will be 
done after this conference. And while 
that concern rests largely upon the mis- 
sionaries already in the field, many of 
whom have a new vision of the field 
and its possibilities as a result of these 
discussions, it also rests upon the boards 
and the home church, which must pro- 
vide the means and the men for initiat- 
ing a forward movement among the 
Moslem peoples. 

The time has passed when the Amer- 
ican Board, of all the boards repre- 
sented, can afford to neglect the con- 
sideration of this new great field of 
work. With opening doors wherever 
it teuches Moslem peoples, the time has 
come for this Board, with its strategic 
position in fields where such people are 
numerous, to take its part in the work 
of winning the Moslem world to Christ. 
While much was said in this conference 
about the strategic importance of Cen- 
tral Africa, Turkey and India, with 
their many millions of Moslems, are 
hardly less important fields for this 
work. Will the American Board con- 
stituency provide the specially trained 
workers and the means for advance in 
this direction? 


An African Instance 


I HAVE recently made a trip into a 
remoter part of the country than 
I am accustomed to visit. Thirteen 
hours by train landed me a few miles 
from the ocean, 168 miles up the coast 
from Durban. Pretty slow ! yet faster 
and easier than the horse that I took 
from there onwards. Two days in the 
saddle through a beautiful land, rugged 
hills and deep valleys, trees ablaze with 

crimson blossoms, and the veldt glori- 
ous with the new grass and wonderful 
flowers of springtime ; yet a lonely coun- 
try—at three points only were there 
any signs of white men, and during the 
first day (through the fever belt) very 
few natives. It transpired later that I 
had off -saddled at the spot where a few 
days previous lions had carried off two 
donkeys belonging to a freight wagon. 


The Cost of Comity 


Farther on, where I stopped for tea, a 
trader told with zest how a rhinoceros 
had recently chased the dogs around 
the front yard, then dashed through a 
kraal killing a native, and made good 
his escape. 

But I was not out for a hunt, but to 
see ** Timothy of noble blood," whose 
^andfather was the favorite courtier 
and fighting general of Giaka, the 
Nero-Napoleon of the Zulus ; and whose 
father was King Cetewayo's trusted 
lieutenant. It was 
eleven years ago that 
I first saw Mate (Mah- 
teh), as his people call 
him. He came to Dur- 
ban a "raw Kafir," see- 
ing civilization for the 
first time. Like thou- 
sands more, his sole ob- 
ject in going so far from 
home was money. Now, 
in a strange environment 
and learning new things 
every day, he was most 
susceptible to influences 
making for good or evil. 
Dropping into a church 
where he heard a wed- 
ding was in progress, he 
became interested in the 
old, old story. Later he 
stood up in our Beatrice 
Street Church one day 
and declared, " I choose 
the Lord!" On being 
took the name Timothy, 
guessed how appropriate the name 
would prove to be. In the night school 
he learned to read, and to write an 
atrocious hand. His term of service 
having expired, he vanished to the far- 
away kraal and for a long time we heard 
of him only indirectly. But four years 
since Timothy started a persistent cor- 
respondence, saying he was teaching 
and preaching, and begging me to 
come and inspect his work. Those 
letters ! It is a question whether the 
writer or the reader had the hardest 

I was not surprised when Timothy 
appeared in Durban to plead his cause. 

but no one 



He urged that some converts had waited 
for baptism three years already; in 
view of my not coming, the people 
were questioning whether he still had 
a missionary in Durban, as he claimed. 
While expressing appreciation, I had to 
reply that the time and expense re- 
quired for the journey, together with 
our very depleted force, would make 
it simply impossible to give his isolated 
work the attention it required ; more 
than all, it would be a breach of comity 
to take over his work, 
for he should by all 
means join one of the 
societies already labor- 
ing in that district. 

As I feared, this did 
not mean much to Tim- 
othy. He declared that 
he could have nothing 
to do with these other 
churches. He came into 
the fold through the 
door of the "American 
church," and in the 
American church he 
would die. These other 
denominations did not 
practice our discipline; 
they winked at certain 
heathen customs, espe- 
cially drink; nor did 
they evangelize the 
kraals, their idea being 
that heathen must come 
to, and be converted in, the church 
building. But the Americans taught 
that they should go into the highways 
and hedges. To insist that he and his 
people must join some other society 
was simply to cast them off. He feared 
that he himself could not long remain 
a Christian if obliged to go into some 
other church, whose ways were so dif- 
ferent from ours. He and his peo- 
ple were ** children of the American 
Board," and "Americans they would 
always be." 

I have gone into this rather fully be- 
cause the case is so typical, evincing 
the intense denominational loyalty com- 
mon to Zulu Christians, and indicating 
one of the difficulties in carrying out 


Dr. A. J. Lyman at Ahmednagar 


the principles of comity and co-opera- 
tion over which it is easy to get en- 

Knowing the Zulu nature, I decided 
that, lest I offend these little ones, I 
must make them a visit ; though I could 
hold out no hope of receiving them into 
our fellowship. So that is how I came to 
make a trip requiring ten days' time and 
costing thirty-five dollars. Three days in 
meetings and conferences revealed the 
fact that Timothy had preaching places 
covering an area of nearly forty miles. 
Including men, women, and children, 
there were seventy who professed their 
purpose to be Christians. For the chil- 
dren there were two schools of a pa- 
thetic kind. Remembering the dense 
darkness of the district, a generation 
behind many parts here, and recalling 
Timothy's isolation and the opp)osition 

met from both black and white, this 
showing seems no small achievement. 
And don't forget that Timothy is 
working without any remuneration in 

Now that I was on the spot, it was 
harder than ever to be loyal to the 
spirit of co-operation and unity which 
I had breathed so deeply at Edinburgh. 
It was almost heart-breaking to refuse 
baptism and the Lord's Supper to some 
of these earnest people. To them my 
position and conduct were quite un- 
accountable. But to yield would mean 
to the native mind that they were fully 
received into our church organization. 
As it was, I finally succeeded in con- 
vincing them that they must aflSliate 
with some other body, and arrange- 
ments are now being made for that 
settlement of the case. 



DR. LYMAN came to Ahmednagar 
primarily to visit Dr. Eleanor 
Stephenson, who is the mission- 
ary of the South Church of Brooklyn. 
Some of us, who knew Dr. Lyman at 
home, under Mr. Bissell's leadership 
planned an Oriental welcome. Many 
friends were waiting on the station 
platform, among the 
rest the pastors of the 
two churches, bringing 
garlands. On the way 
from the station the 
pupils of our various 
schools and the Chris- 
tian community stood 
by the roadside to say 
salaam, and at each 
stopping place to add 
more graceful garlands, 
symbols of joy and 

In the afternoon there 
was a reception, to 
which all the leading 
citizens of different dr. a. j. 

castes were invited. Many of them 
came, and, under the gracious influ- 
ence of Dr. and Mrs. Lyman, some 
Brahman gentlemen invited the Doctor 
to give them an address on "Philoso- 
phy and Culture" on the following 
Sunday evening. 
On the afternoon of that day Dr. 
Lyman preached a not- 
able sermon in the First 
Church on "The Crowns 
of Christ." Thenr he 
conducted in the Second 
Church a wonderfully 
beautiful baptismal 
service for children of 
both our pastors. But 
the event which will lin- 
ger longest in our mem- 
ory was his lecture to 
the English-speaking 

I shall not attempt to 
describe the address in 
detail. Never have I 
heard I 

Digitized t 


r^y(J*f?e§le*^ » 


From Theology to Bridges 


higher order, and yet there was all the 
charm of spontaneous informality. The 
language was so simple that all could 
follow ; yet it was studded with beau- 
tiful imagery, and had at times the 
rhythmic cadence which is peculiarly 
attractive to the Oriental ear. Dr. 
Lyman seemed almost an Oriental him- 
self, in the way he took ample time at 
the start for personal expressions of 
kindliness and courtesy; yet his mes- 
sage went home to the wills of his hear- 
ers with the force of the Christian 
evangel. Perhaps, more than all the 
rest, it was the speaker's personality 
that appealed with such force to his 
hearers. For they listened with kin- 
dling eye and bated breath, and many 
gave hearty assent to the tribute of 
the Brahman chairman when he said, 
"If this is Christianity, then we all 
want to be Christians. '^ As this judge 
and leading citizen declared, they saw 
in Dr. Lyman, with his gray hairs and 
his youthful vigor, the power of the in- 
dwelling divine spirit bidding defiance 
to the ravages of age. He incarnated 
their ideal of a rushi or saint. 

We of Ahmednagar owe our visitor a 
great debt of gratitude for his service 

to the cause of Christ in this city. 
Would that he could go up and down 
the land speaking in our student cen- 
ters! I believe he would do a work 
greater than any single preacher is 
able to do among our own American 
colleges. If there are among our lead- 
ing American pastors men who would 
be glad to take a hand in foreign mis- 
sion work, we can assure them that 
they have unique opportunities for 
such service among our Indian edu- 
cated classes. They can render timely 
help and influence large numbers of 
students who are in a plastic, restless 
state, and who are looking more and 
more to America for national ideas and 

Will not some American pastors of 
sympathy and insight accept such a 
call during their sabbatical year ? The 
work need not be onerous. It would 
leave ample time for seeing the won- 
ders of India. At the same time they 
would come in touch with mission prob- 
lems at first-hand. They would serve 
notably here, and they would acquire 
insight and knowledge that would fit 
them for notable service to the cause 
at home. 


IN the last Annual Report of the 
American Board an attempt was 
made to indicate the form of serv- 
ice in which each missionary is engaged. 
It is not an easy matter to make such 
report conform to fact; for while a 
majority may have some special assign- 
ment, it must be remembered they are 
also engaged in the "general work." 
Paul's declaration, "This one thing I 
do," referred to the ultimate object 
of all he did and not to any one occu- 
pation to which he was limited ; for 
while he preached the gospel and min- 
istered to the needy, he also made tents. 
The ideal of a missionary which used 
to appear in picture and in biography 
was of a man in civilized garb preach- 
ing to savages, at least half naked. 

from an open Bible. This hardly meets 
the conditions of today. The modem 
missionary engages in all sorts of work, 
that " by all means he may save some." 
An illustration is just at hand from 

The Annual Report above referred 
to states that Rev. F. W. Macailum, of 
Marash, Central Turkey, is a teacher in 
the theological seminary and engaged 
in general work. In his last letter, 
dated January 9, Mr. Macailum speaks 
of the theological seminary as in a 
prosperous condition : the students are 
showing a good spirit; the Week of 
Prayer among them was most helpful ; 
he believes they are entering upon a 
time of spiritual blessing. But at the. 
same time there comes a brief recorjilC 


of one piece of general work to which 
this missionary gave himself. 

The bridge pictured above looks like 
the work of some civil engineer, but in 
fact it is in large degree the work of 
this same theological professor. The 
story is briefly told. It seems that 
the River Gureddin runs down from 
the Taurus Mountains halfway between 
Zeitoon and Alabash. For five months 
of the year it is swollen and diflicult, 
and sometimes impossible, to ford. 
The people on both sides have suffered 
much because of inability to pass over. 
At the same time, as all know, there 
has been deep poverty in the region, 
the result of the massacres and destruc- 
tion of property which have occurred. 
Relief for the poor was urgently called 
for, and the English society, "The 
Friends of Armenia," responded. The 
president of that society. Lady Caven- 
dish, forwarded money for relief, which 
was intrusted to this theological pro- 
fessor to distribute. Instead of doling 
it out as a charity, he set the needy 
people at work preparing stones which 
were at hand and laying the sure foun- 
dations of a bridge across the stream. 
Thereupon, he superintended its con- 
struction and lo ! the bridge was built, 
at a total cost of $1,144, of which $880 
was paid directly for wages to the peo- 
ple. Thus they were helped in the time 
of their sore poverty and a permanent 
bridge provided which meets a great 


need and bids fair to last for genera- 

The following letter, written Decem- 
ber 30, 1910, was sent to Mr. Macallum 
by the people of Alabash : — 

" We praise God with heart and voice 
because we see the bridge, for which 
we have longed many years, now built 
and completed . ' ' Then followed an ex- 
pression of thanks to friends, unknown 
to them by name, who have contributed 
the funds for this work. The letter 
closes as follows : — 

*' Also we express our sincere thanks 
to you. The bridge is completed, and 
in the meantime we have lived com- 
fortably with the wages gained by 
working on it. May God grant to you 
and to all our friends long life and 
health and prosperity! With special 
greetings and deep respect, we remain, 
" The people of Alabash." 

A simple ceremony was observed at 
the opening c>f the bridge, with ad- 
dresses by Mr. Macallum, the pastor 
from Zeitoon, the Bible-woman in Ala- 
bash, and others, and with a benediction 
by the Gregorian priest. 

Having ministered for the relief of 
the poverty of stricken people and 
completed the building of a bridge, the 
professor returns to his theologrical 
teaching in his classroom at Marash, 
illustrating in his own life what a varied 
service a modern missionary is some- 
times calHi^^f^nc^oogle 


By Rev. H. G. BISSELL, of Ahmednagar 

IT happened in this wise : About a 
month ago it was suggested that 
all in Ahmednagar and immediate 
vicinity who intended to enroll them- 
selves as Christians in the coming cen- 
sus should get together for a joint 
Christmas celebration. It was with 
special reference to the Indian Chris- 
tians that the gathering was proposed, 
but it ended by a goodly number of 
Europeans in the place joining us. The 
Christian communities here are for the 
most part connected with the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel Mis- 
sion, the Roman Catholic 
Church, the Salvation Army, 
and the American Marathi 
Mission . The company num- 
bered over three thousand. 
The use of a large maidan 
(open field) was granted by 
the cantonment authorities. 
Tents, flags, welcomes, a 
merry-go-round, furnishings 
necessary for various kinds 
of sports, football goals, 
cricket wickets, a platform 
for addresses, a tea and 
soda-water stand, a number 
of book stalls, a native band 
or two, decorated the field. 
Companies were singing 
songs of praise to the ac- 
companiment of instru- 
ments; the hundred mem- 
bers of more than a dozen 
different committees, dec- 
orated with large gilt stars, 
were welcoming the comers 
and keeping the many 
events moving. 

In the forenoon football, 
cricket, wrestling, and some 
other sports gathered a keen 
crowd of men and boys. 
Early in the afternoon the 
part of the maidan desig- 
nated principally for wo- 

men and girls became a kaleidoscope 
of colors ; their games and singing in- 
dicated the joy they felt in their free- 
dom, and the great pleasure they all 
took in the good fellowship and in happy 
unbending, away from schoolrooms; 
homes, or rules. Merry-go-rounds, 
Bhajan singers, and friendly Christmas 
greetings were on all sides. 

The men's maidan was alive with 
work and play. Some were watching 
the races, the bar performances, and 
the jumping; some were gathered 
about the platform, to which conform- 




The SoiUhem Cross 


ist and nonconformist, Christian and 
non-Christian were invited, to address a 
throng on ethical, social, and reli^ous 
subjects. A city high school head mas- 
ter, a sub-judge, a pleader, a pastor, 
a poet, a missionary, all participated in 
bringing instruction and inspiration to 
the people, and all understood to some 
considerable extent the importance of 
a Christmas gathering. Parsis, Brah- 
mans, Mohammedans, Englishmen, 
Germans, Americans, Christians, and 
non-Christians had contributed toward 
the purse needed to give a few modest 
prizes to some of the winners in the 
sports and sweets to a host of children 
invited from mission and non-mission 

schools in Ahmednagar. It was a help- 
ful co-operation ; everybody trying to 
make everybody else happy, because 
all had human and conunon interests. 
It was gratifying that in proposing and 
promoting the plans not a single word 
of objection was breathed. Donations 
amounted to more than two hundred 
rupees ($66.66). We are all happier 
because we gave for others' happiness; 
we are doubtless better friends because 
of this meeting together ; we are more 
interested in the vital things of this 
life and the life abiding, in the visible 
and the invisible, in the Father-God and 
our brother men, for this Christmas 



The following new missionary hymn, written by Rev. Ernest A. Bell, of Chicago, 
besides having poetic value and the ring of the gospers imperative, puts its timely 
emphasis on the claim of the Southern half of the world, that may easily be somewhat 
overborne when our ears are filled with the missionary challenge of the East. The 
suggested musical setting is Lowell Mason's time, '* Watchman." The hymn is copy- 
righted, but Mr. Bell kindly consents to its publication in the Missionary Herald. — 
The Editor. 

Yonder glows the Southern Cross — 

Calvary written on the sky ; 
Ye who count the world but loss, 

Who for Christ would live and die. 
See his emblem flaming there, 

Beckoning as it floats above : 
Give to Southern lands their share 

Of your service, of your love. 

On the vast Brazilian plain, 

On Peruvian mountain height, 
Where La Plata joins the main, 

Spread the gospel's quickening light. 
There the soul that starves for truth 

Shall no more be error's slave ; 
There the earnest heart of youth 

Claims the knowledge that can save. 

Gods — insulting God — deflle 

Fairest tribes of Hindustan ; 
On the beauteous tropic isle 

Man devours his brother man. 
Ethiopia lifts her hands. 

Chained, but crying to be free. 
Light her darkness, loose her bands ; 

God proclaims her liberty. 

Ships of sea and ships of air. 

Cables on the ocean's bed. 
Bear the tidings everywhere : 

Christ is living, who was dead. 
Christ is coming ; haste his reign I 

Selfish gold is sordid dross ; 
Scorn the sacrifice and pain ; 

Yonder glows the Southern Cross ! 

Digitized by 





The Treasiuy 
after 6 Months 





1911 lUeeiptfl 




- $500,000 




6 Months' GoiJ 




Actual Receipts 

March 1.19U 


— 8200,000 



I 860,000- 

Each month we have reported increases over the gifts of last 
year. This month we show a more accurate method of pre- 
senting the actual financial situation. It proves that we are 
behind and not ahead of our budget. The figures here given 
concern only the income for the American Board and do not 
include the Woman's Boards, etc. We have received slightly 
more than last year, but when compared with the actual 
Appropriations for the work this year we are evidently falling 
short. Please notice the two columns. The one on the left 
represents the appropriations that have been made for the 
year's work. You remember the statement of the Prudential 
Committee last October, when they expressed the conviction 
that the one part of the budget in which the churches were 
most interested and which must be increased this year was 
the actual work on the fields — the schools, churches, and 
support of native leaders. This increase was only $5,000. 
Then came the five missionary residences that had to be built. 
They had been post(>oned from year to year with no hope in 
sight. Our missionaries were living in unsanitary and over- 
crowded conditions. It would be foolish policy to fail to 
provide adequate homes for the high-grade men and women 
sent out to do a high-grade work. 

At the end of six months the income should 
be at least one-half of the total appropria- 
tions for the year, or a deficit is threatened. 

This is particularly true this year, in view of the great 
increase in the gifts from the churches in December and 
January, due to the Apportionment Plan. If the apportion- 
ment of all our churches is raised, there will be no difficulty 
in meeting our obligations in August; but if the decrease 
for this month is repeated, then something must be done. 
The receipts for February, 1911, were but little more than 
half of those in 1910. One or two large gifts from individ- 
uals have helped the situation, but the month shows a total 
decrease from last year of over $11,000. Mr. Wiggin, the 
Treasurer, estimates that in the last six months of the year 
we must receive $35,000 more than we received last year if 
we are to meet our obligations ; but it should be remem- 
bered that last August was exceptional because of the flood 
of centennial gifts which were poured in by individuals. It 
will be difficult to equal it by $15,000, which suggests a. 
" danger zone " approximating $50,000. Digitized by VLjOOQIC 



Home Department 


Recbipts Available for Rbgitlar Appropriations 



S. S. and 
Y. P. S. 

C. E. 



Century Fund 

and Legacies 





from Funds 




f2 ,844.00 






Gain ! 

Lou , 16,018^ 







Once a quarter it is planned to give the complete table of figures, including 
the income from the Woman's Boards and other sources. On this basis the 
following table is suggested : — 

Estimated appropriations for year ending August 31, 1911 . . . $980,000 
Total receipts for first six months of year 431,983 

Balance needed for remaining six months 


Rbceipts Available for Work of Woman's Boards and Other Objects 
For Six Months to February 28 




For Special 








Gain $10,965.09 





After the great exposition is over 
the Board will be the possessor of hun- 
dreds of curios gathered for this occa- 
sion. The Educational Department has 
planned to arrange groups of curios 
in chests or smaller shipments, which 
can be sent to local churches or young 
people's societies who desire to give 
missionary socials or meetings of an 
entirely new character. 

Instead of reading selections or talking 
about missions, the Board might send a 
box of curios, including costumes for a 
half dozen of your participants, a score 
of objects of interest with descriptidhs, 
which will be displayed and described 
by the * ' stewards. ' ' In addition, as the 
crowning feature we expect to be able 
to send typewritten copies of the same 
dramatic scenes given in the ** World 

in Boston," so that if you had the box 
of curios on China you could give the 
scene entitled, '*The Tragedy of the 
Chinese Wife," or "From Confucius 
to Christ." 

If the plan is wise at all it must be 
carried out to the point where Sunday 
school classes can receive a small box 
of curios by mail, display them and 
discuss them, returning them to the 
Board Rooms on Monday morning. 
It would seem possible that thousands 
of Sunday school classes in a given year 
would be glad to receive the little box 
of curios on a given country, and would 
give up their morning hour to their 

Miniature out-of-door expositions and 
Sunday school missionary picnics offer 
an entirely new line of development. 
If the plan looks good to you, let us put 
your name on the mailing list for more 
detailed information. CjOOQIc 


Home Department 



By Rev. J. E. MEIRRILL, Secretary op National Apportionment CoMinssiON 

The Apportionment Plan is approach- 
ing: its fifth birthday, if indeed it has 
not already passed it'. Enough has al- 
ready been done in connection with it 
to justify abundantly its prosecution 
during the past five years. It has been 
a powerful means of expressing the 
oneness of our Congregational mission- 
ary work, as evidenced by the more 
pronounced co-operation of the socie- 
ties. It has also brought the societies 
and the churches into closer relations. 

It is the financial results of the plan 
to which we must now give close atten- 
tion. During the first year of their 
experience with an Apportionment 
Plan, substantially the same as ours, 
the Northern Baptists increased their 
receipts from churches and individuals 
by the amount of $258,000, or thirty- 
one per cent. They suffered a slight re- 
action during the succeeding year, but 
by January 1 of the present fiscal year 
their receipts had gone considerably 
ahead of two years ago. The time has 
certainly come for us also to expect 
that there will be a decided increase of 
receipts on account of this plan. It 
cannot now be said that there is any 
danger of a mere ** boom,'* from which 
we must expect a considerable rebound. 
The two great objects of the plan, viz., 
the securing to the societies, first, a 
more svfficient financial support, and 
second, a more steady financial support, 
ought at once to be achieved. 

Last summer it was necessary for 
several of the societies to send out spe- 
cial appeals to the churches for contri- 
butions to prevent debt, or to enable 
them to do their work even on the old 
basis of expectation from the churches. 
It was unfortunate that such appeals 
were necessary, because the special 
appeal plan and the Apportionment 
Plan do not readily work side by side. 

The important thing, therefore, is 
for the churches to take such action 
daring the first months of the present 

year as will insure the raising of the 
budget toithout special appeals. Some 
of the steps that might well be taken 
are the following : — 

1. Churches which met their appor- 
tionment last year should take care not 
to fall back during 1911. Even the 
weekly offering system, successful as it 
is, will not run itself, but every year 
must be re-enforced. 

2. Churches that, for one reason or 
another, have not yet adopted the plan 
may find in this time factor an added 
reason why they should not longer de- 
lay its adoption. 

3. It will be of great service to the 
plan if by May 1, 1911, through reports 
of expected receipts from the several 
states, and the associations in these 
states, and the churches in these asso- 
ciations, an estimate can be made of 
the total amount that will probably be 
raised for our Congregational mission- 
ary work throughout the whole country 
in 1911. It is the individual church, of 
course, that by prompt action regard- 
ing its apportionment will make such 
reports possible. 

4. It ought to be considered an 
essential part of the Apportionment 
Plan for churches to arrange to send 
in their money at regular intervals dur- 
ing the year, and not hold it until the 

The National Council Apportionment 
Commission, through its executive offi- 
cers, is taking special pains during the 
first months of this year to be of serv- 
ice to the churches and to the societies 
in bringing about the results which 
are outlin^ above. So far as possible 
the commission is trying to introduce 
such methods of co-operation between 
the several state committees, and be- 
tween these committees and the local 
association committees, as will help all 
who are at work upon the plan to feel 
that they are aiming at the same goal, 
and that it is possible of attainmenlOQlC 


Home Department 



Send for the new number of the En- 
velope Series, which appears April 1. 
It is entitled, ''Five Reasons Why," 
and includes a program under the 
name, "Scouting for the Enemy," 
answering objections to missions. 

One of the best programs issued re- 
cently is No. 3 in the " Four Centennial 
Programs." It is in the nature of a 
guessing contest, but instructs every 
one present on the great work of the 
Board abroad. 

A program for the regular Christian 
Endeavor meeting on April 30 is sug- 
gested below: — 


References : 

Christus Redemptor (Chap. 6), by Helen 
Barrett Montgomeiy. 

Our Commercial Concerns in the Philip- 
pines : World Today , December, 1910. 

The Philippine Cocoanut Industsry : World 
Today, March, 1911. 

Turning Savages into Citizens : OiUlook, 
December 24, 1910. 

The Missionary Herald, January, Febru- 
ary, May, September. 1910 ; January, 1911. 

Missions in the Philippines : American 
Board leaflet. 

Opening Service 

Before and After 1898 
< (Have a map of the islands in the front 
of the room ; a rough outline map on heavy 
paper will serve the purpose.) 

1. The Philippines under Spanish Rule 

(Christus Redemptor, pp. 231-237). 
Its advantages and disadvantages. 

2. 1898 — The Turning Point, Ask some 

young man to review briefly the 
events of 1898, and then give facts 
about the resources of the islands, 
the people, the educational work 
of the United States government. 
(Christus Redemptor, pp. 215-230, 
and magazine articles above.) 
8. American Missions (Leaflet, ** Phil- 
ippine Missions "). • Stress co-oper- 
ation of the mission boards. 

4. The American Board Mission {IS min- 

utes). Missionary Heralds give a 

Sooa account of the Board's work, 
lindanao is exclusively our field. 
Locate Davao. Emphasize the great 
opportunities of Mr. Black and Dr. 

5. A Discussion. If you had $500 to in- 

vest in missionary work in Mindanao, 
how would you want to have it 
used? Why? 

Prayer and Closing Hymn 


[See Calendar of Prayer in the American Board 
Almanac for 1911] 


western turkey 

78 MladoBarica 

44 Ciiarcliea, witk 4.704 Members 
4MNatiTeLabot«ra. 2Collccee 

Ml Schools, with &5S9 under Instraction 

Turkey, including Bulgaria, is pre- 
eminently the field of the American 
Board. Of the four missions within 
the empire in which the Board works, 
the Western is the largest district. 
This fact gives it a special claim upon 
the attention and prayers of the con- 
stituency of the American Board. It 
is practically our own field. 

It is, with two exceptions, the oldest 
of our missions, having been established 
in 1819. 

Notwithstanding its adverse environ- 
ment, it has achieved extraordinary suc- 
cesses. Thanksgivings should abound 
for the brave men and women whom 
God has raised up and sent into this 
field and for what they have accom- 
plished. (See the Board's leaflet, 
"Who Woke up Turkey?") 

This mission in Asia Minor is in that 
part of the Bible lands where t'ne apos- 
tles labored and from which we re- 
ceived the gospel message. We owe 
to that land a debt of gratitude. The 
present situation politically, though 
marvelously changed from what it was 
a few years ago, is by no means reas- 
suring. Pray that new rulers may gov- 
ern wisely and that *' liberty and prog- 
ress " may be sought in righteousness. 

The educational opportunity is un- 
precedented. As recently reported, 
higher institutions at Smyrna, Marso- 
van, and Sivas are enlarging their 
equipment and widening their field of 
work. The paragraph on Anatolia Col- 
lege in this month's Portfolio indicates 
the place of these higher sch(>ols as 
centers of light and influence. 

Constantinople is the metropolis of 
the Mohammedan world ; the &iltan is 
the Caliph, the supreme head of Islani. 


Industrial Advance 
By Secretary JAMES L. BARTON 

THE missionaries' work with the 
native Christian community is not 
completed until the institutions 
they have planted have become self- 
supporting, independent, respected, and 
self-perpetuating. Not only must the 
converts contribute to the strength of 
the church, but they must conspicu- 
ously add to the civilizing development 
of the entire community. This includes 
and involves a measure of material pros- 
perity, as well as of moral, spiritual, 
and intellectual achievement. 

In the midst of rich but undeveloped 
natural resources, he would be indeed 
a short-sighted missionary who would 
not show the people how to extract 
from the soil, produce from the forest, 
and wrest from the natural resources of 
the country a measure of the wealth 
of whose presence they were ignorant. 
Take, for instance, the field of agri- 
culture. All Eastern people are more 
or less dependent upon the soil for a 
living. Usually the methods of farm- 
ing in the E^ast were rude in the ex- 
treme, wasteful, and circumscribed by 
tradition and custom. The tools ordi- 
narily in use were of ancient pattern, 
few in number, and ill adapted to the 
needs of the farmer. The plows em- 
ployed in Turkey over wide areas even 
today are made from a branch of a 
tree with an iron point stuck upon 
the stump of an amputated limb, the 
kind that Abraham used in that same 
country. It was but natural for the 
missionaries to import shovels, spades, 
hoes, plows, etc., and teach the men 
how to accomplish far better results 
with a smaller expenditure of strength. 

In Turkey and Persia the old thresh- 
ing floors separated the grain from the 
straw, as they did in David's time, and 
the grain lay piled with the chaff on the 
threshing floor until the fall winds blew 
strong enough and long enough to per- 
mit of their separation. It often oc- 
curred that the rains came before the 
winds, and so the year's crop of wheat 
or barley was largely lost. 

The missionary introduced the win- 
nowing or fanning mill, that has now 
become a commonly owned machine 
throughout the two countries, and no 
crop needs to lie exposed to the weather 
for any length of time. This one ma- 
chine alone, now made and sold entirely 
by the people, is worth hundreds of 
thousands of dollars a year to the two 

In large sections of Africa and among 
the Pacific Islands there was little cul- 
tivation of the soil and no attempt at 
fertilization. The missionaries, as Dr. 
Moffat reports, began the cultivation 
of fields and gardens with the use of 
fertilizer saved from the cattle folds, 
and demonstrated to the curious and 



By-Produds of Foreign Missions 


incredulous natives that gardens might 
be • * kept young " and astonishingly 
productive in that way. The entire 
method of agriculture was thus revolu- 
tionized and made unprecedentedly 

In many countries the people de- 
pended wholly u(>on the rain for their 
crops, although there were many 
streams available for irrigation. This 
was the case among the Kafirs of Af- 
rica. The missionaries constructed irri- 
gation ditches and systems of ditches, 
and taught the people that they had it 
in their power to control their water 
supply. They were alert and eager pu- 
pils, and so famine was banished from 
among them. In China scientific meth- 
ods of irrigation from deep wells 
through the aid of force pumps, of 
which the Chinese had no previous 
knowledge, were introduced and proved 
of great value. 

The missionaries, observing that in 
many countries the entire population 
were almost wholly dependent upon a 
simple staple food supply— as, for in- 
stance, wheat or rice — and that when 
for any reason that crop failed a disas- 
trous famine was sure to follow, intro- 
duced other crops, as potatoes, to- 
matoes, a variety of fruits, peanuts, and 
many other things. In Turkey and in 
China the potato is known as a product 
of missions. As the first potatoes intro- 
duced into China by the Catholic mis- 
sionaries have about run out, while the 
newer varieties brought in by the Prot- 
estant missionaries are most flourishing, 
the people refer to the small kind as 
" Catholic potatoes " and the large and 
new kind as " Protestant potatoes.'* 

Peanuts have become a most helpful 
and profitable article of food and are 
widely cultivated, especially in China. 
Western fruits and berries without 
number flourish and their use is extend- 
ing in nearly all modem mission fields, 
the natives themselves becoming the 
chief producers as well as consumers. 

In some countries, as in China, the 
missionaries have prepared books and 
pamphlets on agriculture for the guid- 
ance of the natives, who seem eager to 

adopt any new crop or new method of 
production that will yield greater re- 
turns. Practically all that is known of 
scientific methods of farming in Africa, 
in the Islands of the Pacific, and in wide 
areas in Turkey, India, and China orig- 
inated in missions. The Director of 
Agriculture for the leading agricul- 
tural state of the Turkish empire, the 
Adana vilayet, is a graduate of a 
mission college. 

The profit has not all been on one 
side. David G. Fairchild, of the Bureau 
of Plant Industry, Department of Agri- 
culture in the United States, recently 
said: — 

"The best varieties of wheat now 
grown through the South originated 
from seed sent over to Georgia by mis- 
sionaries. Our most profitable pear 
originated as a cross between seedlings 
imported by missionaries from China 
and an American pear. The soy bean 
from Japan and China was also intro- 
duced by missionaries." He acknowl- 
edges our indebtedness to missionaries 
for many improved varieties of plants 
and fruits now grown in this country. 

Blissionaries have always maintained 
that manual labor is not degrading, 
but wholesome. Many an African who 
scorned to use former implements of 
trade became so interested in the new 
devices introduced from the West that 
he was willing to use them himself, 
thus removing some of the heavy bur- 
dens from the backs of his women; 
introducing a new fashion for men. 
It was not a difficult task to set the 
African to making bricks and tiles and 
preparing lumber, and later to building 
new houses for himself and his people, 
which had no more resemblance to 
their former places of abode than a 
cottage resembles a dugout. 

The new outdoor industries brought 
with them the advanced idea that these 
were for men and not for women; 
the men were rather proud of the dis- 
tinction thus conferred upon them, 
while the women experienced a real 
emancipation from galling servitude. 

To more than one-half of the popula- 
tion of the world the modem printing 

Digitized by 


press was carried by the missionaries 
as an implement of education. As 
printing was a new industry, there was 
no classification among all the castes 
of India for the man who engaged in 
the business. The Brahman could 
learn the trade and still remain a Brah- 
man, while the pariah was not de- 
barred. The demand for the products 
of the press increased with such rapidity 
that, before the middle of the first half 
century of modem missions, there were 
great publishing and printing houses in 
India, Burma, Turkey, Madagascar, 
and other mission countries, in which 
nearly all of the workman were natives. 
By 1860 many of these establishments 
had passed entirely under native con- 
trol, and native contractors were doing 
the mission's printing. These establish- 
ments rapidly multiplied everywhere, 
not only affording lucrative employ- 
ment to a large number of educated 
natives, but furnishing a powerful 
means of general enlightenment and 
education for the people as a whole. 
The printing press is everywhere today 
turning off daily and weekly periodicals 
by the hundreds in cities where a cen- 
tury ago modem printing was wholly 

When a missionary in Africa sug- 
gested to some natives that a much 
used public trail should be constructed, 

they replied, ** Never since the Zambesi 
ran into the sea was such a thing 
dreamed of as that we should make a 
road for other people to walk on." 
That is the idea that has held Asia 
for centuries in the grip of selfish and 
narrow-miiided individualism. Roads 
across Asia and Africa that have been 
traversed by the feet of a hundred 
generations have never had a stroke of 
work put upon them beyond what was 
demanded to permit a caravan to pass 
some obstruction. 

Short, well-constructed roads, made 
to connect mission compounds, then 
stations, and, later, reaching out still 
farther, have opened the eyes of the 
natives to the superior value of a good 
road as compared with the old, wind- 
ing paths that were passable at all only 
at certain seasons of the year. 

The introduction of wheeled vehicles 
necessitated giving greater attention to 
the making of roads, and new convey- 
ances assisted road building, while the 
better roads led to a wider use of 
wheels. The spirit of roadmaking 
has now entered many of the mission 
countries, revolutionizing intercom- 
munication and trade. 

There are few Oriental mechanical 
trades that have not been greatly im- 
proved or even recreated through the. 
teachings of the missionaries, who witMC 



Field Notes 


Western methods and tools have shown 
the natives of those countries the 
wastefulness of their crude ways and 
the possibilities of accomplishment with 
new tools and skilled labor. 

These trades, some of which have 
been either newly introduced or practi- 
cally reconstructed in many regions, are 
cabinet work,carpentry , masonry, meth- 
ods of agriculture, tinsmithing, shoe- 
making, roadmaking, printing, book- 
binding, fiber raising and ropemaking, 
weaving, iron working, copper and 
silver hammering, embroidering and 
lacemaking, carpet and rug manufac- 
turing, and a long list besides of trades 
and professions introduced and de- 
veloped by the missionaries, by which 
men and women have been made self- 
respecting and independent, while in- 
dustrial conditions of the countries in 
which missionaries reside have been 

materially advanced. Naturally the 
Christian communities are the first to 
appreciate the value of these new en- 
terprises and so the first to profit by 
them. Thus has come to the Christians 
of the East the deserved reputation of 
energy and enterprise, and accounts 
in no small measure for the large con- 
tributions made by the people them- 
selves for the support of their own 
Christian institutions. This is but one 
of the processes by which a strong, 
independent Christian community is 
rapidly forming in all mission coun- 
tries, untranmieled by the industrial 
traditions of the past, ready to adopt 
that which promises intellectual, mate- 
rial, and social advance. The mission- 
ary points men to Christ, and at the 
same time to self-respecting manhood 
by the help of honest, productive 


OpMiiac Ui« BiUc to ThoM from Wbom 
It Has Been Kept 

(Austrian FUld) 

Worn down by the long strain of 
work in the Austrian Mission, where 
immense and growing opportunity for- 
ever chafes against small and inade- 
quate appropriations, Rev. A. W. Clark 
was obliged to leave Prague the latter 
part of February for a month's visit at 
a sanatorium. His letter reporting his 
plans conveys also two items of news : — 

1. In Russia the Marionites promise 
to be an important factor in the re- 
ligious future of the land. Several of 
their priests are on friendly terms with 
the Board's mission in Lodz. Mr. 
Clark was planning to send 10,000 Gos- 
pels and Epistles, in Polish and other 
languages, through this newly opened 

2. A "Bible course" or class was 
about to open, for which tried men 
were to be brought from Vienna, Mo- 
ravia, and Bohemia for six weeks of 
instruction, from which they should go 
back to farm and shop ready to be 

unpaid helpers. Beside sixteen such 
men, the class was to include fifteen or 
more picked men of Prague. These 
young men are all poor, and only a few 
can pay any considerable part of their 
expenses. The cost of the course, in- 
cluding this student aid and amounting 
to about 1,200 crowns, had been half 
secured from friends in Scotland and 
Germany; the rest was still to be 

A SiniriBff Buul 
(MarxUhi Fidd) 

A characteristic religious exercise of 
India is the kirtan, in which a gosavi 
or religious teacher celebrates the 
praises of his god in connected verses 
which he has written and set to mu- 
sical forms. For many years the 
adapted kirtan has been used in mis- 
sion work for the singing of the gospel 
stories and message, and it has been a 
very popular form of preachmg to the 
people of India. The picture on the 
opposite page, sent by Mrs. Winsor, of 
Sirur, shows a company of blind boys 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Field Notes 


from that station conducting such a 
kirtan on an evangelistic tour. Feel- 
ing the need of more preaching in the 
district, those in charge devised this 
plan of publishing the gospel broad- 
cast, and it has met with remarkable 
success. The boys from the blind 
school have been taken from their 
studies and their basketwork on short 
tours as a band of players and sing- 
ers, and have visited eighteen villages 
around Sirur, beside the city of Poona. 
The instruments, as strange in name 
as they are in appearance, are better 
adapted than an organ would be for 
the music of Hindu singers. The band 
is accompanied by two preachers (the 
men with sashes in the back row), and 
two boys with sweet, alto voices are 
also in the group. Large audiences are 
gathered, representative of all castes 
and conditions, and they will sit for 
hours listening to the gospel in song, 
and showing their appreciation after- 
ward by gifts of food to provide for 
the needs of the party. On the road 
the instruments are carried in the cart, 
which serves as headquarters. 

InstilUBff New Id«M 
{Marathi Fields 

At Sholapur a new plan of combining 
study and work is being tried on a 
class of five in the boys' school, with 
two hours a day in school and four or 
five in the shop. They are thus enabled 
to pay for their schooling and also to 
lay up a little for future needs. The 
boys are twelve years and older, and it 
is hoped this plan may prove successful 
in enabling them really to earn their 
education. At present the boys are 
working in the carpenter shop on kin- 
dergarten tables and stools. All of 
them seem manlier since their educa- 
tion has been put on this new basis, and 
they enter with zest into their class 

By long custom weddings in India 
are marked by lavish expenditure. A 
well-to-do man will sometimes spend 
100,000 rupees ($33,000) on his child's 
marriage, and poor people spend in 
proportion, sometimes mortgaging 

their whole life's income and leaving 
debts to their children. The Sholapur 
missionaries are therefore rejoicing 
that, at the recent marriage of one of 
their Christian young men, instead of 
drawing all the money he had in the 
bank and borrowing as much more in 
order to make a display, he was per- 
suaded to draw only three dollars and 
make that cover the bill. An added 
satisfaction in this result comes from 
the fact that it was two of his Hindu 
friends who gave him the good advice. 
Herein the wider influence of Christian 
teaching is apparent, as it is also in 
the better treatment of chiW widows, 
the increased interest in the education 
of women, the disappearance of the 
nautdi dancing at some of the social 
festivals, and in similar moral and 
social advances. 

The SltaatioB In AlbaaUt 

iEwrttptan Turkew Field) 

The Ericksons were still at Monastir 
February 11, as the weather was too 
cold for the journey back to Elbasan. 
But, with health improved, they were 
planning to return to the city from 
which they were driven out, so soon as 
it was warm enough to make the trip. 
Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Tsilka, who it 
will be remembered went to Elbasan 
to complete the purchase of the land 
for the mission premises there, re- 
ported after three weeks of effort that 
while the local ofiicials seemed friendly, 
when it came to the actual transfer of 
the property they declared that they 
must first commimicate with 0>nstan- 
tinople. While professedly the usual 
procedure, this delay suggests the pos- 
sibility of further obstructive tactics 
and is somewhat disturbing. The press- 
ing of a just claim for indemnity for the 
EJricksons' expulsion and the arrest at 
Monastir may be needed to impress the 
government with the fact that Amer- 
ican rights in this mission must be pro- 
tected. Sooner or later, it is to be 
hoped sooner, the way will doubtless 
be opened for the establishment of 
permanent work in Albania. Mean- 
while the pl2g^|tifeFb\*^^ occupation of 


Field Notes 


Elbasan for the compound, buildings, 
etc., are being completed. 

Toarinff the Siru Field 
{Western Turkey Field) 

In company with an American Bible 
Society colporter, Mr. Perry, of Sivas, 
daring the late autumn and early win- 
ter of 1910 made four trips, occupying 
sixty-four days in all, among the out- 
stations and '* branch " churches of the 
Sivas station, beginning with Divrik 
and continuing down the plateau to the 
Euphrates at Pingian. This latter place 
recalls a tragic history in connection 
with the massacres*of 1895. The town 
is built on a natural fortress of solid 
rock, which defends and is itself de- 
fended by a bridge of a single span, 
from rock to rock across the Euphrates. 
At the time of the massacre a few sol- 
diers came with the pretense that they 
were sent to aid in defending the town. 
These were the advance party, who 
should open the gate of the bridge for 
their comrades; when this was done 
they joined in sacking the town, killing 
100 of the people, throwing their bodies 
into the river, and burning all the 
houses except the one which they them- 
selves occupied. The well-to-do fami- 
lies were scattered and only the poor 
made the effort to rebuild their houses. 


The two days of Mr. Perry's visit at 
Pingian were chiefly spent in receiving 
callers and in talks with them about the 
gospel, the Gregorian priest spending 
much of his time in these conferences. 
The influence of the ''national " socie- 
ties on Armenian life was evidenced by 
the topics introduced in conversations 
all through this region. Such themes 
as democracy, socialism, and even ag- 
nosticism were everywhere found to be 
live subjects of thought. Graduates 
of the mission's normal school at Sivas 
were found teaching in the Gregorian 
schools ; in some of them they were at 
liberty to teach in their own way, but 
in others they were bound hand and 
foot by the prejudices of the school 
officers. During these journeys ap- 
proach was made as often as possible 
to the Moslem peoples, Turks or Kurds, 
and many opportunities were enjoyed 
of audiences in their guest rooms. 
With them another class of topics was 
to the fore: the duty of friendliness 
to supplant racial hostility, as well as 
of forbearance and patience when re- 
ligious tenets and feelings differ. At 
three different points there was chance 
for a two hours' conversation on these 
and kindred topics with groups of the 
A DiVBiK WIDOW AND HER CHILDREN chjcf men of the village. ^^ by VjOOglC 




Miss Miller, who reached Ochileso 
last October, writes : — 

'* I have been here quite long enough 
to feel as if I belonged here. And I 
love these people. They have deserved 
something better from us privileged 


ones than centuries of neglect. If 
there were no such command as, "Go 
ye into all the world," common Chris- 
tian humanity would demand that these 
gentle, suffering people should be re- 
lieved. We would not stand it to see 
the dumb creatures at home so tor- 
mented by fear and oppression as are 
these people by the witch doctors. 
Think of people living in terror — 
terror of eating, planting, and all the 
activities of life — when by going to 
them, telling them what we know, and 
staying to show them that we have no 
fear, except of sin, we can see them 


living happy, peaceful lives, full -of 
ambition to learn more, so that they 
can go out and tell other villagers of 
the better life. 

"As for their dress, I think they 
look much better in the cloth than in 
clothes like ours. Gpavela looks ma- 
jestic in his long, white cloth, neatly 
folded about his tall form. The women 
look like Bible pictures 
till they put on the little, 
shortflleeved waist over 
their shoulders. That 
takes just two yards of 
goods. Several new little 
babies are in the station. 
They are the dearest, 
cunning mites, with the 
prettiest little brown toes. 
It takes just half a ban- 
danna handkerchief to 
make a dress for one. 
They look like little dolls, 
for here there is no swath- 
ing of the poor babies in 
yards of flounces. 

•*I started to tell you 
about the politeness of 
the people; it is not an 
exterior polish — far from 
it, for they are frank 
enough* You would be 
surprised at their innate 
refinement of sensibili- 
ties. They see we do not 
talk of some things and refrain, from 
courtesy to us. They do not laugh at 
our mistakes or do anything to hurt 
others' feelings. An entire audience 
will listen to a most ridiculous blunder 
without a smile, and, what is more, 
never tell us of it afterward. 

**This is the Week of Prayer. We 
have had very good, earnest meetings. 
Several have confessed Christ, among 
them Kuhonga. He is a fine, tall man, 
who looks every inch a king. His 
father rules a large tribe, and it is 
noticeable that blood tells in the bear- 
ing, even 

^%-tized by Google 


Letters from the Missions 




The American Board is conspicuous 
amongr foreign missionary societies for 
the emphasis it puts upon self-support 
in its training of the native Christian 
commimity. In all its missions it seeks 
to press as fast as possible upon con- 
verts and churches the responsibility of 
maintaining themselves. The wisdom 
and benefit of this policy get fresh evi- 
dence in a letter from Rev. Edward B. 
Haskell, of Salonica, describing a re- 
cent campaign to bring the churches 
up to the support of their preachers. 
A committee of three pastors, repre- 
senting the Bulgarian Evangelical So- 
ciety, visited a number of the churches 
on this errand, laying before them the 
situation and urging the necessity of 
more generous giving. The results of 
these visits varied somewhat according 
to local conditions, but in all cases 
effected a marked advance. Only one 
instance can be related here : — 

A Sample Case 

** Monospitovo had been without sup- 
ply for two years or so and was very 
eager for a preacher. One of our last 
year's theological class at the Industrial 
School had been there for his Blaster 
vacation and was well liked. He was 
with us only a few months and we felt 
that he needed more education before 
being employed. But there was no 
theological class at the institute this 
year and he had no funds to go else- 
where. We told him that if he could 
arrange with Monospitovo we would 
make no objection. So they agreed 
between them that he should have 
£T.30, of which sum the Bulgarian 
Evangelical Society helps them to the 
amount of a little over £T.4. Their 
gifts for preacher and school thus go 
up from £T.10 to over £T.30 this 
year. Before relating the sequel I will 
remark that the increased gifts of the 
churches for 1910-11 have made it pos- 
sible, without overrunning our appro- 
priation, to fill the place of the late Pas- 
tor Kimoof (though not in ability and 

experience) and to take on two men 
who finished with the station theological 
class last June. 

" Now let me return to the blessings 
which Monospitovo is reaping as the 
result of its increased giving. The 
preacher whom they secured is a young 
and very quiet man, but he seems to 
have got a strong hold of the young 
people of the village. Most of our 
churches celebrate the Week of Prayer 
between Christmas (January 7, O.S.) 
and New Year, as the people are then 
at leisure. When the meetings began 
in Monospitovo it seemed as if the 
whole village flocked in. Every night 
the church was packed with over 250 
people, of whom the majority had to 
stand, as the usual seating capacity was 
entirely overtaxed. In the congrega- 
tion every night were 100 Orthodox 
villagers. Occasionally all could not 
get inside and some stood without, lis- 
tening at the open door, while they 
shivered in the cold. 

**The meetings were kept up a sec- 
ond week, and now Mr. Temkoff, of 
Doiran, has gone over to help for a 
third week. At the end of the first 
week the Orthodox village elders felt 
it necessary to take counsel how to 
stem the tide. They thought it would 
be wise to try some reforms in their 
own church. So they decided to cut 
down the service from three hours or 
more to one hour and a half in length ; 
also to have the liturgy sung in Bul- 
garian instead of ancient Slavic; also 
to have a sermon preached every Sun- 
day. Furthermore they decided on 
the bold step of dropping prayers for 
the dead and the distribution of boiled 
wheat at the church door by relatives 
of the departed ; also the ceremony of 
having the priests sprinkle the houses 
with holy water on the first of each 
month to chase away the devils. 

** But even these external approaches 
to Protestantism do not seem to have 
satisfied the soul hunger of the people, 
and they kept on coming to the evan- 
gelical church meetings. So the priests 
and the episcopate in Strumnitza have 
turned to anathemas against the evan- [^ 


Letters from the Missions 


gelicals and all who attend their serv- 
ices ; but the report is that the young 
people still keep coming. I hope that 
this may be the beginning of the re- 
vival for which we long have been 
yearning, and that it may spread to 
other villages in the region." 



Rev. Lawrence C. Powers pauses in 
his study of the Tamil language to 
write to friends in this country that, 
after three months at Pasumalai, he is 
yet surer that he has found his right 
mission field. -In relating some of his 
new experiences and observations he 
describ^ two religious scenes upon 
which he had recently looked ; — 

A Large Contribution Box 

**I have gone with one of my mun- 
skis through a number of villages, not- 
ing the quarters of the various castes, 
the temples, bazaars, and various occu- 
pations of the people. One day there 
was a great Hindu festival at Sikkan- 
damalai. Mr. Muthanantham and I 
started walking with the crowd about 
six in the morning. On the way we 
studied the people who came, some of 
them from great distances. As the sun 
rose, some were seen worshiping it. 
Others threw coins to certain trees, 
where spirits are supposed to live. At 
the temple, people began by worship- 
ing the idols at the entrance, and then 

EscortinsT the Temple umbrellas to the idol precincts 

passed on to do homage to those inside. 
They bought ashes to rub on their own 
bodies, and oils and fruits and flowers 
for the gods. Large numbers had their 
heads shaved, and offered their hair to 
the gods. The temple elephants are 
trained to pick up even the smallest 
coins as they are thrown to them. A 
new kind of contribution box ! At the 
side of the temple was a large tank, 
or mandapam, full of green water, 
where all sorts of people washed their 
cloths and bathed together. Past this 
tank a road runs two miles around a 
high, rocky hill. It was lined on both 
sides with beggars, some very needy 
and others only feigning. But all 
spread their cloths and placed vessels 
to catch coins and kernels of grain as 
they were thrown to them. A large 
number were blind or deformed ; some 
had lost one or both legs or hands, and 
a goodly number were lepers. Then 
there were ascetics lying under heavy 
stones or piles of sand, almost entirely 
buried in the road or lying on thorns. 
One little baby did penance by lying 
naked on a pile of hedge! Women 
went the whole distance around this 
hill, bowing to the ground at every step. 
Some men received the forgiveness of 
half their sins by rolling these two 
miles. As they neared the end, ex- 
hausted and faint, their friends sought 
to rouse and spur them on by singing. 
All these things sounded terrible to me 
at home, but only now am I appreciat- 
ing how very far they are from the 
true religion. And even here they are 
being given up by many 
who still remain Hindus. 

A Contrast 

** Now let me place along- 
side of this Hindu festival 
another religious gathering, 
very much smaller in size, 
but larger in significance. It 
was the dedication service 
of the large, new church at 
Sathangudi. This congre- 
gation has had considerable 
discord among its members 
for som^ years, but seems 

Digitized by Vji 


Letters from the Missuyns 


now to have completely settled its diffi- 
culties. They did what Mr. Hazen 
believed to be impossible, raised about 
2,500 rupees ($833) for the new build- 
ing. Of this sum 500 rupees were 
gfiven by Hindus. The roadside was 
lined with flags and a large crowd came 
to meet us. When Mr. Hazen, their 
missionary, had got out of his bandy, 
a purple umbrella was raised over him 
and the crowd moved along to the 
church singing hymns and firing Fourth 
of July torpedoes. The three churches 
stood in a row, the first being reduced 
to four low mud walls. We entered the 
second, which is still to be used for Sun- 
day school and other purposes, and had 
a short service. Then as many as could 
get in entered the new church, while 
others crowded up to the doors and 
windows. There were leading Hindus 
with us there, and garlands and limes 
and rose water were presented to the 
chief guests. Reports upon the building 
were given, prayers were offered, and 
Mr. Vaughan preached and played an 
organ solo. The women of the congre- 
gation and a trio from Pasumalai sang. 
Asceticism with its horrors, professional 
beggars, money changers, bartering, 
and idols had given way to order and 
self-control, good cheer and grati- 
tude, and the reverent worship of the 
Heavenly Father." 


For more than a year the Madura 
Mission has been working under its 
new method, whereby each of the five 
circles into which the mission's district 
is divided administers its affairs locally 
by a "circle " composed of missionary 
X)astors and laymen. 

Mr. Jeffery, of Aruppukottai, reports 
for the South Circle of the American 
Madura Mission, which consists of seven 
pastorates; this circle was formed by 
adding to the Aruppukottai station 
two pastorates which were within the 
bounds of what was formerly called the 
Tirumangalam station. The report in- 
dicates decided progress in many lines. 
With but one exception the pastorates 
have been efficiently filled. The dis- 

trict has 6,394 Christians, nearly one- 
third of all the Christians in the Madura 
Mission. During the year the net gain 
in adherents in the circle has been 236, 
the offerings have increased more than 
200 rupees, the number of schools has 
risen from 44 to 48, and the number 
of children in school has increased 
over 300 : — 

"The Christians understand very 
well what the teachings of Christ are. 
When they fail to live up to the stand- 
ard they suffer shame, and there is 
genuine joy when they find themselves 
able to live up to its high moral call. 

**In the Aruppukottai pastorate the 
general and festival offerings were so 
liberal this year that when the need 
arose in two villages for the appoint- 
ment of workers unprovided for in the 
budget, the circle committee was free 
to make the appointments. There is 
much loyalty manifest in giving. A 
carpenter in very moderate circum- 
stances, who gives liberally in all the 
church offerings, employed his spare 
moments and built and gave a coun- 
try cart, which was sold for 62 rupees 
($21). This money he has placed as a 
fund toward the building of a stone 
church in his village. 

**In the Kamuthi pastorate a con- 
gregation has been inspired by the 
catechist in charge to undertake the 
building of a strong church for itself 
entirely independent of mission aid. 
The site has been purchased and much 
of the material is already collected. 
The value of the church will be not less 
than five hundred rupees. 

**A new enthusiasm for personal 
work has manifested itself. A new 
Christian, who is a bazaar man, has 
been most zealous since he became a 
Christian in working night and day 
for the conversion of his people. 
Through his efforts a great many of 
his neighbors and friends in that vil- 
lage have been brought into the church 
during the year. 

"Out of the turmoil and strife and 
violent persecution in Mukkur has come 
a firmly established congregation of 
120 souls ; and the pastor, who has so 


Letters from the Missions 


courageously stood by a dangerous post, 
now looks forward with much hope for 
the future of that congregation. 

"The itineracies of the year have 
been conducted along new lines. In- 
stead of rushing from village to village 
to sow the seed broadcast, as was the 
former custom, the tent has been pitched 
only in those villages where there was 
a movement towards Christianity. For 
a week five or six agents would con- 
centrate all their energies night and 
day on that village. House to house 
visitation and personal appeals would 
be made to bring the wavering ones to 
immediate decision. By this method 
a new congregation is usually estab- 
lished, or many new members added to 
a congregation already established." 



It will be remembered that Mrs. 
Alice M. Williams, of the Shansi Mis- 
sion, was in the United States in 1900, 
when the Board's missionaries in 
Shansi, including her husband. Rev. 
George L. Williams, fell as martyrs in 
the Boxer insurrection. Mrs. Williams 
again took up work in this mission a 
little over a year ago, and she writes 
from Fenchow, January 21, as follows: — 

**The work has developed beyond 


anything that could have been antici- 
pated. Mr. Corbin has given of his 
life to it. I c^ see that he has a keen 
grasp of the situation of the field, such 
as few men can secure the first term 
of service. He has worked hard and 
faithfully, and we shall all feel glad 
when he can claim his furlough. The 
dedication of the neat little chapel on 
the very ground and spot where the 
noble band of martyrs had hoped to 
plant one, shows how untiring his ef- 
forts have been to aid in all that per- 
tains to the best good of the work. 
My heart sang for joy the day that 
the dedicating service was held: the 
old ground occupied; old faces with 
the new filling the crowded building, 
eager and glad for a house of God in 
which to worship. 

Waiting Fields 

" In the autumn I visited some of the 
villages in the Taikuhsien district, while 
holding station classes, and I was more 
than ever impressed that we did not 
have men or native helpers in sufficient 
numbers to cover the great opiwrtu- 
nity. On my way to Fenchow this 
fall I stopped at a chapel just recently 
opened at a most important market 
center in Hsia Chi. The helper pleaded 
with me to have the mother church 
open a school there for the boys and 
girls. The people of 
that village are 
warm-hearted and 
very anxious to have 
their children 
taught. Must we 
close the doors there 
because of lack of 
men? The women 
are eager to learn 
also, and I hope 
that I may be able 
in the spring to 
spend a week with 

Why Say No ? 
"These ignorant 
people cannot un- 


Ths Wide Field 


must say 'no' to their appeals. To 
them it is but a polite way of evading 
the truth. This we now meet in one 
village after another in this Fenchow 
field. A village near here (San Chuan) , 
a large market center, is beseeching 
Mr. Pye day and night for a chapel. 
A chapel there would open the gospel 
to a vast community; but he must 
torn a deaf ear. We are appalled at 
the magnitude of the work here. 

"The Christmas service at Shangta 
was conducted by Mr. Wang, the 
teacher of the boys' school in Fenchow. 
This was done to relieve the pressure, 
and the number in attendance was as 
large as here in the city, with only a 
tiny room for the service. By tiny I 
mean a room ten by thirty, into which 
600 persons wanted to crowd to hear 
the Christmas message. One hundred 
men who came from villages near by 
had to walk all night to keep warm be- 
cause there was no room where they 
could sleep. If we had money for a 
chapel in San Chuan we would have 
just as great an opening as in Shangta, 
where now nearly every man and 
woman has broken off the use of opium, 
and the helper's desire is to make it an 
entirely Christian village. He is fast 
accomplishing his high purpose. 

" The largest field at present opened 
to us is the liu-lin-chen district, over 
the mountains. The people there stood 
alone through the heavy cloud of 1900, 
and they have continued to grow and 
magnify the Lord until they have a 
large church membership. The only 
place they have for their services is a 
small yao holding about one hundred 
people. They are pleading for a 


chapel; they are pleading for a mis- 
sionary to visit them frequently ; they 
want to be taught the Bible so that 
they can understand the gospel mes- 
sage more fully. Do you wonder that 
our hearts cry day and night because 
of this people? We do thank God 
every day for what the Board is doing 
for us, but the work is spreading so 
rapidly that the money does not cover 
one-fourth of the gt-eat need." 

Mrs. Williams concludes this cry for 
help with the statement that Mr. Pye, 
who has been serving uninterruptedly 
and with great devotion, is sorely 
needing immediate rest from his ex- 
hausting labors. He must desist from 
his work for a time to recuperate. 
This mission is again in peril by reason 
of its prosperity ; let it be remembered 
in the prayers of God's people. 




A recent numben of The Orient re- 
lates an impressive story which shows 
what real advance is being made in re- 
ligious liberty in the Turkish empire. 

It seems that more than two centuries 
ago the Greek inhabitants of certain 
villages near Trebizond were forcibly 
converted to Islam; they were com- 
pelled to adopt Moslem names, worship 
in mosques, and serve as soldiers in an 
army entirely made up of Moslemsl 



The Wide Field 


Thirty-five years ago these people, 
called Stavriotae from the name of 
their principal village, Stavri, attempted 
to throw off this yoke, but were not 
permitted to do so. A few years ago 
the attempt was renewed, with the aid 
of Greek high officials and a formal ap- 
peal that King Edward VII of England 
should take up their case. Through all 
these two hundred years the Stavriotae 
have secretly maintained their Chris- 
tian rites, worshiping in underground 
chapels and keeping among themselves 
their Christian names; one who on 
the street might be known as Osman, 
among his friends was called perhaps 
Aleko. With the establishment of the 
new regime the effort of these people 
to be recognized as Christians was re- 
newed, and finally, in February of 1910, 
upon oflScial request from the governor 
of Trebizond the central government 
granted the appeal. The decision was 
withheld for nine months; but in De- 
cember the Greek metropolitan of 
Trebizond was allowed to make public 
notification that the Stavriotae may 
hereafter live openly as Christians. 



In the broad and populous native 
state of Rajputana in Central India, 
south of the Punjab, the Free Church 
of Scotland has maintained a mission 
for fifty years, with the characteristic 
ability, devotion, and persistence of the 
Scotch missionary. In observance of 
the event a jubilee mela was held at 
the station of Beawar, to which the 
Christians gathered from all parts of 
Rajputana. Following the form of a 
mela (the name for great religious 
gatherings of the Hindus), this Chris- 
tian celebration showed a very different 
character, with mass meetings morn- 
ing and evening for seven days, an 
** historic night," a t' native missionary 
night," and finally a jubilant procession 
in which the Christian multitude poured 
through the Ajmer gate in what seemed 
an endless stream, rjusing the cry. 

** Victory to Jesus ! " A profound im- 
pression was made, not only on thoee 
who participated, but upon the onlook- 
ing people of the city. While there 
was no attempt at mere pomp and dis- 
play, and while every emphasis was put 
upon the spiritual character of the oc- 
casion, it was inevitably a huge demon- 
stration, heartening the missionaries 
and native Christians and producing 
a new atmosphere in the city, where 
stony indifference was turned to amaze- 
ment and even admiration. The Mis- 
sionary Record of the United Free 
Church of Scotland, in reporting the 
event, adds some reminiscences of one 
of the pioneer missionaries, effectively 
contrasting the early days, when the 
missionaries were repeatedly robbed, 
even of their clothes while they slept; 
when the people could not account 
for their presence except by suppos- 
ing they were vulgar criminals, who 
had avoided by flight a shameful death ; 
or later, as they saw them befriended 
of the ofiiicials, by guessing they had 
been sent from the queen to entrap 
them into becoming Christians; when 
the schoolbooks, thoughtlessly bound 
in leather, came near depleting the 
school of all its pupils ; in short, when 
there was nothing but misunderstand- 
ing and separation between missionary 
and people, where now there is contact 
and opportunity. 


Religious liberty is still practically 
disallowed in many sections of India 
and even legally denied in some of the 
native states. In Mysore, for example, 
the courts have held that a convert to 
Christianity is as a civilian dead or out- 
lawed. He can claim no share in any 
family property; rights which would 
not be lost by committing a crime or 
even by being sentenced for murder 
are forfeited by baptism. Such a one 
is declared to be unfit to be the guard- 
ian of his children. During the last 
decade repeated appeals have heea 
made by the Christians for justice in 
this mattecigitbiifeythe government of 


The Wide Field 


Mysore, which is practically in the 
hands of educated Brahmans, has per- 
sistently refused to consider the matter 
of any changes in the law. 

The Church Missionary Review pub- 
lished in its March number an appeal 
unitedly made to the Mysore legislative 
council by the Protestants and Cath- 
olics of that city, urging anew the re- 
moval of these disabilities, a weighty 
and tactful argument which it would 
seem must count with the rulers. The 
closing sentence suggests that by ac- 
ceding to it His Highness, the Maha- 
rajah of Mysore, may appear in the 
same gracious light as the Suzerain of 
all India, the protector of his subjects 
without distinction of creed. Despite 
.many obstacles and delays, religious 
liberty is bound to come in India as 
everywhere in the world. The Review, 
in commenting editorially on this ap- 
peal, quotes Bishop Whitehead as say- 
ing* that, in the face of such unyielding 
injustice on the part of the Brahmans, 
an Indian Christian is entitled to ask 
why he should take part in a '' Na- 
tional '' movement which may give 
political power to men who, when they 
get it, will probably deny common jus- 
tice to the Christian and the outcaste. 



The increasing demand for foreign 
teachers in the government colleges in 
China, and the field which is thus 
opened to the right kind of men in 
these important posts, create an ex- 
ceptional opportunity to the Young 
Men's Christian Association in that 
land to aid both in the securing of 
such teachers and in encouraging them 
at their task. Important tervice can 
thi3S be rendered just now for the 
Christianizing of Chinese thought and 
education. Mr. W. E. Taylor, of Shang- 
hai, in The Intercollegian, records the 
fact that one government school-teacher 
in a single year gathered about him 
over one hundred Bible students, of 
whom twelve became Christians. 

Besides aiding in the appointment of 
teachers for these higher institutions, 
the Young Men's Christian Association 
is projecting a systematic campaign, 
in connection with missionary boards 
and agencies, to reach the student 
class. The need is urgent. Already 
a propaganda carried on by govern- 
ment school students is at work to se- 
cure radical action against foreigners. 
These schools are often centers of a 
fervent patriotism that is reactionary 
and injurious to China's real advance. 
And yet the student classes are, in gen- 
eral, accessible and easily influenced 
upon a right approach. Different na- 
tional committees of the Young Men's 
Christian Association are planning to 
send out in the next year or two a 
score of men to undertake this work. 
Some missionary societies are assigning 
their workers for a limited term of 
service under the Association's direc- 
tion. The constant prayer of the 
churches at home is asked for this 
campaign, felt to be momentous for 
the Christian advance in the empire 
of China. 



The Intercollegian fof March reports 
that the project of the University of 
Michigan to establish a high school and 
future university at Busrah in Arabia 
is making good advance. Turkish offi- 
cials have granted permission to start 
the institution and permit it to teach 
medicine, engineering, agriculture, and 
liberal arts, with instruction in the 
Bible compulsory in every course, if so 
desired. Three seniors at Ann Arbor 
plan to go out in the fall of 1911 to rep- 
resent the work of the Student Chris- 
tian Association of Michigan University. 
Another physician and his wife have 
agreed to go to the assistance of Dr. 
Bennett, who is already at work, as 
soon as funds can be secured. The 
outlook is good that the objective for 
January, 1912, will be reached, namely, 
two engineers, two doctors, and twa 
women teachers on the ground. >OglC 


A Career thmt Is a Challoige 

There is a wonderful woman doctor 
here, Dr. Ida Scudder. She has a fine 
hospital, but perhaps her most unique 
work is touring in an auto. Every 
Wednesday she starts out with her 
machine, which she has fitted up as a 
traveling dispensary. She has certain 
stations along the road where she stops 
and where the sick congregate. They 
come in from every side and with about 
every kind of complaint. Her coming 
is a great event and is looked forward 
to with intense eagerness. The grati- 
tude of the afilicted people is most 
touching. Many not only pay the small 
fee, one-half anna (one cent), but bring 
garlands and bouquets. When she re- 
turns at night the auto is fairly covered 
with flowers, and she seems to be re- 
turning from a fete. Last Wednesday 
she treated 300 cases in that way. 
What a work ! What an investment of 
life! And we have been seeking in 
vain for four years to secure women 
physicians. What are our college girls 
thinking of that they do not see this 
great chance? And America actually 
infested with d(5ctors ! 

Fnym private letter of Dr. Patton^s, 
vyritten at VeUore, South India, Feb- 
ruary ^, upon hia visit to tha>t station 
of the Arcot Mission. 

The Evolntion of a Mission College 

As an illustration of the way in which 
educational institutions grow, Anatolia 
College is an admirable example. The 
germ which produced this great insti- 
tution, now with more than 300 stu- 
dents and several departments, was a 
little school in the comer of a stable 
in the city of Marsovan, in charge of 
Dr. C. C. Tracy. The stable filled the 
greater part of the building, and in one 
of the corners, on a platform of earth 
raised a foot or so above the common 
level of the mud floor, and protected 
by a light rail, was the school. Less 
than a dozen children there took their 


first lessons in learning to read. At 
the start, in common intelligence they 
were but little in advance of the ani- 
mals that occupied the rest of the 
room. No one could have detected in 
that humble beginning the germ of 
an institution that now covers several 
acres in buildings and campus just out- 
side the large and flourishing city of 
Marsovan, filled with bright young 
men from all parts of Anatolia, from 
along the entire southern shore of the 
Black Sea, and even from Russia, on 
the northern coast, studying for aca- 
demic degrees in preparation for posi- 
tions of influence and leadership in the 
new Turkish empire. 

This little stable school became a high 
school in 1886, and a full-grown college 
a few years later. It now has a faculty 
of twenty-three professors, fourteen 
of whom are natives of the country; 
and eight have taken post-graduate 
courses to prepare themselves for their 
work. They have degrees from the 
New College at Edinburgh, the Uni- 
versity of Berlin, the University of 
Athens, the Imperial Law School at 
Constantinople, the Royal Conservatory 
of Music at Stuttgart, and the Academy 
at Paris. 

Anatolia College has sent out 224 
graduates, of whom 207 are now liv- 
ing. Fifty-two are engaged in teach- 
ing, forty-eight are practicing medi- 
cine, and eighty-six are in business. 
In addition to these graduates, several 
thousand of other young men have for 
a time studied in the institution and 
for various reasons have been com- 
pelled to leave without completing the 
course. These have, however, gone 
out armed with a new power which 
this college has given them, and many 
are doing signal service within and 
without the Turkish empire. Not long 
since, in a mixed gathering of Turks 
and Christians in Marsovan, profound 
thanks were expressed by Mohamme- 
dan leader^igl^icj bt^his institution and 


The Portfolio 


what it has done to disseminate ideas 

of liberty, for the emancipation of 

women, and for the general, welfare. 

From advance sheets of W. E, Curtis's 

"Around the Black Sea," 

The Gospel in the Slums of JaiMui 

I refer to the slum section of Kobe, 
down in Shinkawa, the plague center 
of West Japan in more senses than one. 
We see some unkempt children picking 
over the garbage heaps: they live in 
Shinkawa. We meet a blind or leprous 
b^:gar with a crying baby on his back 
to excite all the more pity: he, too, 
is from Shinkawa. We see a pitiful 
group of strolling minstrels : they hail 
from Shinkawa. Did you ever think 
where the flower carriers at the big 
funerals come from ? In Kobe it is the 
crowd from Shinkawa, who are too sick 
or too incompetent to do a steady day's 
work. It is a common complaint in 
Shinkawa this year, that '' rice is high, 
and we have neither plague nor cholera 
to help us out." It is the men of Shin- 
kawa who carry the sick to the hos- 
pital and disinfect the houses under 
the oversight of the police. 

One might pass through this section 
a hundred times and never realize what 
was near, unless he happened to turn 
into one of the narrow alleys. Then he 
would find himself in a maze of six-foot 
alleys, with whole families living in 
"two-mat" rooms, barely six feet 
square. Pitiful, half-blind children, 
covered with sores and dressed in rags, 
are playing some game of chance and 
learning to gamble like their fathers. 
Half the people there are said to be 
sick, usually of some loathsome disease 
that tells the story of their moral 
degradation all too plainly. 

In September, 1909, a young theo- 
logical student named Ki^wa, from 
the Presbyterian seminary on the hill, 
began to preach on the street comers 
of Shinkawa. Sometimes alone, some- 
times with other students, he would 
sing till a crowd gathered, and plead 
with them to repent, to come back to 
the Heavenly Father, and to trust in 
the Lord Jesus for salvation. By the 

end of the year he had got hold of 
a number of the people, and he ob- 
tained permission to leave the dormi- 
tory and rent one of those dirty little 
rooms, infested with vermin, where he 
could provide a Christian center for 
those he was leading. "In order to 
lead the poor he must live with them, 
for them, and like them," was his prin- 
ciple, and he began to live over the 
Sermon on the Mount with a literalness 
that I have never before seen. Every 
garment he had was given away except 
those on his back; many of his books 
were sold — perhaps the biggest sacri- 
fice of all — to help some specially piti- 
ful case. Often he would give away 
his last penny and go hungry with the 
rest. Those in need always found a 
sjonpathetic ear and a helping hand, 
and no one came near him without 
being pointed to the Saviour. 

The work grew and prospered. Men 
can understand the gospel and believe 
.it when they see it practiced in this 
way. Another house was rented, and 
a Christian carpenter gave his time and 
the materials to throw the two together 
and make a good-sized room. A third 
room was rented for the sick who came 
for help, and another for the women. 
The meetings grew to thirty or forty 
who called themselves believers, and 
their prayers and faith would put to 
shame many a respectable congregation. 

At five o'clock on Christmas morning 
ten of those who have been tested a 
year and have stood firm were bap- 
tized. One of these has served a long 
term in prison for murder, another 
tried to murder his own wife, and at 
least two others are ex-prisoners. Of 
the two women, one had lived a life of 
shame, and the other is the widow of a 
gambler who broke his neck jumping 
from a window to escape the police. 
Every one is a soul winner and is lead- 
ing some one else to Christ; so the 
band is growing. Praise God that the 
gospel of Jesus Christ is still the power 
of Grod unto salvation for every one 
that belie veth. 

From article by Harry White ^Myer8j,in 

Mission News. Digitized by 

te Myers, in 


The Pofifolio 


Foor-Flfths Left Their Reliiion beliiiicl 

Several Persians in the first cabin 
came to their meals regrularly and 
brought their appetites with them. 
The Koran applies to them the same as 
it does to the Turks, but these gentle- 
men were not so pious as they should 
be. And I noticed that none of the 
Mohammedan passengers, except the 
mullahs and one general, said their 
prayers when the time came. The 
general was very devout. He wore a 
long, light gray overcoat, reaching to 
his heels, which he kept so closely but- 
toned that we wondered if he had any- 
thing under it; and, like all military 
men over here, Russians, Austrians, and 
Turks, he never put aside his sword, 
not even when he spread his prayer 
rug on the deck and turned his face 
toward Mecca to pray. 

The other first-class Mohammedan 
passengers paid no attention whatever 
to the hours for devotions, which gave 

me a disagreeable shock, because i have 
always understood that a Moslem is 
so conscientious that he will say his 
prayers five times a day at the proper 
moment, no matter what he happens 
to be doing or where he happens to be. 

Many of the third-class passengers, 
who are compelled to sleep on the open 
deck, performed their duties regularly. 
They spread their prayer rugs carefully 
down in the first open place they could 
find, and, turning their eyes toward 
Mecca, went through with the genuflec- 
tions which are a part of the Moham- 
medan ritual, and cried that there is 
no God but Allah in loud voices. Sev- 
eral of the private soldiers, and we had 
a large number on board» said their 
prayers regularly regardless of their 
surroundings, but the majority of them 
did not, and probably not more than 
one out of five of the Moslem passen- 
gers paid any attention to the hours of 

From advance sheets of W, E. Curtis's 
** Around the Black Sea." 


Digitized by 




February 28. From San Francisco, Dr. 
and Mrs. D. W. Learned, returning to the 
Japan Mission. 

March 4. From Vancouver, Rev. C. A. 
Nelson, returning to the South China Mis- 

March 25. From New York, Rev. C. H. 
Holbrook, to join the Western Turkey 
Mission. (See page 154.) 

Arrivals Abroad 

December 15, 1910. At Pao-ting-f u. Miss 
Isabelle Phelps. 

December 21, 1910. At Tung-chou, Rev. 
and Mrs. Elmer W. Gait. 

December 21, 1910. At Foochow, Rev. 
Fred P. Beach. 

January 29. At Madura, Rev. David S. 

February 3. At Smyrna, Mrs. J. P. 

February 19. At Durban, Rev. Fred C. 


December 9, 1910. At Chisamba, a son, 
Nelson Clark, to Rev. and Mrs. William C. 

February — . At Smyrna, a son, Edwin 
Curtiss, to Rev. and Mrs. Charles K. Tracy. 

February 14. At Foochow, a daughter 
to Rev. and Mrs. Edwin D. Kellogg. 

Two deaths, recently reported, will touch 
the hearts of many in our circle. The iirst 
occurred at Honolulu, January 14, when 
Mrs. Alice £. Wallbridge Gulick passed to 
the heavenly life. Mrs. Gulick was the 
widow of Rev. Thomas L. Gulick, and the 
two were missionaries of the American 
Board in Spain from 1872-83, Mr. Gulick 
died while traveling in Africa in 1904. Af- 
ter leaving the service of the American 
Board Mr. Gulick labored for the McAll 
Mission in France, also in Cuba and New 
Mexico, and for a time also in connection 
with the Presbyterian Hospital in Phila- 
delphia. He was pastor for a time of the 
Foreign Church on the island of Maui, H. I. 
Mrs. Gulick was a woman of great excel- 
lence of character and devotedly loved by 
her associates and friends. 

The other home-going was of Mrs. Clara 
Brown Nagasaka at Kobe, Japan, Febru- 
ary 8. Miss Clara Brown went out to 
Japan imder the American Board in 1890, 

and for fourteen years she did an excellent 
work at Niigata, and was greatly beloved 
by her associates. In 1904 she was mar- 
ried to Mr. Nagasaka, a Japanese pastor 
at Hakodate. Their service together was 
most efficient, so long as health permitted, 
but of late years Mrs. Nagasaka has been • 
disabled by iUness and a great sufferer. 
She was a most devoted wife, and great 
sympathy is expressed for her bereaved 

Unfortunately, in reporting in the March 
Herald the commissioning service at Gran- 
ville, 111., January 22, two mistakes were 
made. It seems it was Mrs. Dysart who 
was then commissioned, and it is her sal- 
ary that is assumed by the church there. 
Moreover the pastor of the church is not 
Rev. R. H. Zachman, as reported to us, 
but the Rev. R. Kidder Stetson. The com- 
missioning service for Mr. Dysart was held, 
March 26, at the church which is to pro- 
vide his support, the Second Parish Church 
of Portland, Me., of which Rev. WiUiam 
F. Slade is pastor. Secretary W. E. Strong 
preaching the sermon and presenting the 

While awaiting opportunity to return to 
Elbasan, from which they were cruelly 
driven out (see Field Note), the Ericksons 
have had their hearts cheered by a gift of 
$1,000 for the work in Albania from Mrs. 
John Hay. Let us hope that this timely 
and generous aid from one whose name, 
through her disting^uished husband, is so 
intimately associated with the "Open 
Door" may prove effective as giving 
wider and freer entrance for the gospel 
into that restless land of Albania. 

The Battle Creek Sanitarium may fairly 
be called one of the American Board's 
headquarters. An officer of the Board, 
dropping in there the other day for a short 
visit, found a half dozen of the Board's 
representatives in the group of mission- 
aries enjoying the hospitality and benefit- 
ing by the treatment of that great restora- 
tive institution. Though as a matter of 
course all the "guests" are more or less 
out of health, there is but small suggestion 
of sickness or misery in the cheery and 
friendly company that give to corridors, 
parlors, and even to those portions of the. 
building devoted to treatments, a homelikMC 

193 ^ 




air. The missionaries are but a small frac- 
tion of the hundreds to be found on any 
one day at the sanitarium, but they are 
evidently a very favored and eminent 
fraction. Not only are they most gener- 
ously relieved from almost all the usual 
charges, but every advantage and privi- 
lege of the place seem to be pressed upon 
them. Indeed one who is not a mission- 
ary, but only connected with a missionary 
board, is made to feel that his presence is 
peculiarly welcome for that reason. Many 
thanks to Dr. Kellogg, Mr. Kennedy, Mrs. 
Dowkontt, and others for so cordial a 
reception at this ''Missionary Home." 

News of recovered health, or at least of 
lessened ill health, is welcomed from sev- 
eral of the Board's fields, where some of 
its missionaries have been of late set aside 
by more or less severe sickness. In par- 
ticular Dr. DeForest, of Japan, has been 
relieved from a sharp and heavy attack of 
illness which for a time made those about 
him very apprehensive. 

The Rooms of the Board are to be bright- 
ened earlier than usual this year with the 
company of candidates and newly appointed 
missionaries, as the annual conference for 
them is set for April 20-26. Among the 
reasons for choosing the early date was 
the desire that these prospective mission- 
aries should have opportunity to see the 
World in Boston and to meet the mission- 
ary company that will be drawn together 
by that event. 

In those forces which are helpipg to 
bind together East and West, and in par- 
ticular Japan and the United States, large 
account should be made of the gifts which 
through personal ties strengthen interna- 
tional friendships. Professor Lombard, of 
the Doshisha in Kyoto, has reason thus to 
take double pleasure in the gift of Mr. and 
Mrs. U. C. Crosby, of New York, of $100 
for the support of a student under his care. 
Doubtless he would be glad to establish 
other ties between the two countries by 
the same method. 



Bangor, Hammond-et. Cong, ch., toward 
support Rev. T. T. HoTway, 242.44; 
Forest-av. Cong, ch., 6.70, 249 14 
Brunswick, 1st Cong. ch. U2 10 
Ellsworth, 1st Cong. ch. * 10 00 
Kennebunkport, 1st Cong. ch. 1 00 
Portland, 2d Parish Cong, ch., toi)^-ard 
support Rev. John P. Dysart, 395; 
Woodfords Cong, ch., 69.80; "Port- 
land," 83.30, 638 10 
York VUlage, 1st Cong. ch. 12 00 952 34 

New Haaipshlrc 

Bennington, Cong. ch. 9 51 

Dublin, Trin. Cong. ch. 8 35 

Hampton, Cong. ch. 42 01 
Hanover, In memory of Mrs. C. O. Blais- 

dell, 10 00 

Littleton, Cong. ch. 169 68 

Newport, Cong. ch. 80 00 
Northwood, Rev. W. P. Elkins, 1 66 

Socnersworth, Cong. ch. 66 82 ^376 92 


Cornwall, Cong. ch. 23 82 

Glover, 1st Cong. ch. 10 00 

Hubbardton, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. E. A. Yarrow, 7 00 

Marlboro, Cong. ch. 11 00 

Montpelier, Bethany Cong. ch. 66 06 

Newbury, Mrs. James B. Laurie, to const. 

HERSELF, H. M. 100 00 

Newport, 1st Cong. ch. 16 00 

St. Albans, 1st Cong. ch. 21 92 

South Hero and Grand Isle. Cong, ch., 

toward support Rev. Wm. Hazen, 81 16 

Springfield, Cong, ch., Mrs. James Hart- 

ness, 60 00 

Troy , North Cong, ch . 30 00 

West Rutland, Trank A. Morse, for 

Chikore, 26 00 380 94 


Amherst, Friend, for Aruppukottai, 6 00 

Andover. Seminary Cong. ch. 10 00 

Ashbumham, People's Cong. ch. 27 60 

Baldwinsville, 1st Cong. ch. 2 60 

Blackstone, Millville Scand. Cong. ch. 2 00 
Boston, Highland Cong. ch. (Roxbury), 
148.16; Eliot Cong. ch. (Roxbury), 
57.68; Mt. Vernon Cong, ch., 6; Less, 
Amount acknowledged by error from an 
individual, in March Herald, 40, 170 84 

Canton, Evan. Cdne. ch. 60 00 

Danvers, Susan S. &river, 15 00 

Everett, Courtland-st. Cong. ch. 18 04 

Fall River, Pilsrim Cong. ch. 2 74 

Globe Village, Evan. Free Cong. ch. 10 65 

Granville Center, 1st Cong. ch. 3 11 

Greenfield, 2d Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. H. T. Perry, 125 00 

Haverhill, Friend, 1 00 

Hopedale, Union ch. 40 00 

Lawrence, Trinity Cong, ch., 138.40; South 

Cong, ch., 54. 192 40 

Leommster, F. A. Whitney, 16 00 

Lynn, 1st Cong. ch. 25 00 

Medford, Danusl W. Wilcox, 100 00 

Melrose, Orth. Cong. ch. 108 16 

MUford, Cone. ch. IQfi 27 

New Bedford, Trin. Cong, ch., to const., 
with previous donations, Clara B. 
Watson and Mrs. Robert C. Sher- 
man, H. M.. 24.91; 1st Cong, ch., 6, 30 91 
Newburyport, Friend, 6 00 

Newton Center, 1st Cong, ch., Friend, In 
memory of Chas. C. Burr, 100; Isabel 
F. Walker, 15, 115 00 

North Attleboro, 1st Cong. ch. 6 00 

North Chelmsford, 2d Cong. ch. 8 82 

Orange, North Cong. ch. 6 00 

Petershani, Elizabeth B. Dawes, 100 00 

Reading, Cong, ch., Solomon Davis, 100 00 
Richmond, Rev. W. M. Crane, for Erz- 

room, 106 66 

Somerville, Highland Cong. <*. ^ r^r^ri^/?^ 
Spencer, l$t Cong. ch. ed by VjOOypDVlw 




Springfield, South Cong, ch., Carrie L. 
King, for Sholapor, 30 00 

Sadbuvy, Mrs. Lucv S. Connor, 25 00 

Townaend, Cong. ch. 10 86 

Welletley Hills, Ist Cong, ch., toward 
support Rev. C. H. Holbrodk, 29 63 

West SomerviUe, Cong, ch., Friend, for 
Sholapur, 5 00 

Weymooth and Braintree, Union Cong, 
ch. 34 90 

Wobnm, North Cong. ch. fiO 80 

Worcester, Central Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. R. A. Hume, 617.66 ; Pilgrim 
Cong, ch., Jennie L. Ward, Mrs. C. A. 
Stewart and Mrs. C. M. Clark, for Min- 
danao, 30, 647 66—2,706 63 

L^gpactes. — Setkoak, Ann E. Shorey, by 

Geo. H. Robinson, Ex'r, add'l, 7 88 

Watcrtown, Edward D. Kimball, add'l, 9 00 16 88 

2,?23 51 
Rhode Island 

Barrington, Cong. ch. 30 00 

East Providence, Newman Cong. ch. 25 00 

Kin^on, Cong. ch. 218 28 
Providence, Armenian Cong. ch. 5 00 

Saylesville, Memorial Cong. ch. 13 00 321 28 

Tottiis People's Sodetiee 

Maine.— Skowhegan, Island-av. Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Adana, 

Massachusbtts. — Aubumdale,Y. P. S. C. E., 
for work in Madura, 80; Brockton, South Y. 
P. S. C. E., for Mindanao, 30 ; Everett, Court- 
land-st. Y. P. S. C. E., of which 2 from Jun- 
iors, 7 ; do., Washburn Associates, 2.61 ; Hud- 
son, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for Aintab, 3.20; 
Newtonville, Fessenden School, through Cen- 
tral Cong, ch., for Taikuhsien, 20; South 
Acton, Y. P. S. C. E., for Shao-wu, 15, 

Simdaj Schools 

Mainb. — Winslow, Cong. Sab. sch., Mrs. Dun- 
bar's class, for Adana, 

Vermont. — Ludlow, Cons. Sab. 8ch.,2 ; South 
Royalton, Cong. Sab. sch., 20, 

Massachusbtts. —Boston, Central Cone. Sab. 
sch. (Dorchesto-), for Mindanao,? ; Chicopee, 
1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 2.64; 
Everett, Courtland-st. Cong. Sab. sch., 5 ; 
Medford, Union Cong. Sab. sch., 10 ; Rich-' 
nond, Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 4 ; 
Whitinsville, Village Cong. Sab. sch., 133.20 ; 
Worcester, Pilgrim Cong. Sab. sch., Pastor's 
Bible class, for Ing-hok, 90; do., Bethany 
Cong. Sab. sch., Grace I. Chapin's class, for 
Pangchwang, 16, 



16 00 

Bridgewater, Cong. ch. 

Bristol, Cong, ch., of which 26 from Mrs. 

C. F. Barnes, 76 ; Friend, 10, 86 00 

Colchester, 1st Cong. ch. 40 00 

Deep River, Ist Cong. ch. 26 43 
East Hartford, South Cong, ch., 7 ; David 

L. Williams, 9, 16 00 

Killingworth, Cong. ch. 5 13 

Lisbon, Newent Cong. ch. 47 06 

Middletown, Ist Cong. ch. 33 80 

Northfield, Cong. ch. 6 65 

North Guilford, Cong. ch. 50 00 

Rockville, Union.Cong. ch. 218 04 

Roxbury, Cong. ch. 8 CO 

SaUsbory, Cong. ch. 21 82 

Sharon, 1st Cong. ch. 4 43 

Somersville, Cong. ch. 21 74 
South Canterbury, Grace Rathbun, 3; 

Mrs. Geo. Rathbun, 2, 5 00 

Saffield, Ist Cong. ch. 70 00 

Taftville, Cong. ch. 31 00 

Thomaston, Cong. ch. 20 87 

Westchester, Cong. ch. 3 20 

30 00 

107 81 
137 81 

22 00 

206 84 
233 84 

Wethersfield, 1st Cone. ch. of Christ, 
, Friend, for Aoana, 

New York 

Binghamton, 1st Cong. ch. 

Brooklyn, Parkville Cong, ch., 7.99 ; J. 

O. Niles, 6, 13 99 

Deansboro, Cong. ch. 11 30 

Geneva, C. A. L. 3 00 

Lockport, 1st Cong. ch. 116 20 

Lysander, Cong, en., of which 94.47 for 

woric at Vadala. 64 35 

Oweso, Con^. ch. 6 00 

Poughkeepsie, Edmund P. Piatt, toward 

support Mrs. E. F. Carey, 
Rockaway Beach, Cong. ch. 
Rushville, Cong. ch. 

Saratoga Springs, New England Cong, ph, 
Seneca Falls, Memorial Cong. ch. 
Syracuse, Good Will Cong. en. 
Watertown, Emmanuel Cong. ch. 
, Friend in Central New York, 

23 90 

30 00 782 67 

44 66 

225 00 
64 00 
10 00 
16 00 

12 00 
61 04 

13 62 
25 00 664 05 

New Jersey 

East Orange, Trinity Cong, ch., 418.55; 

1st Cong, ch., toward support Rev. W. 

S. Dodd, 106.08, 623 63 

Haworth, Cong. ch. 1 50 

Montclair, Friend, 15 00 

Upper Montclair, Chas. A. Mead, for 

Battalagundu, 2 00 542 13 


Bangor, Welsh Cong. ch. 
Ebensburg, Cong. ch. 
Edwardsville, Welsh Cong. ch. 
Pittsburg, 1st Cong. ch. 
Smithfield, East Cong. ch. 



8 60 108 43 




Brecksville, Cong. ch. 7 

Elyria, 1st Cong, ch., for Shansi, 19 

Sandusky, 1st Cong. ch. 3 

Shawnee, Coiig. ch. 1 

Toledo, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Mrs. M. M. Webster. 122 

Legacies. — Greenwich, Anna M. Mead, 

by C. E. Mead, Ex'r, add'l, 


Begonia, Prince George Cong. ch. 

North Carolinm 

Mt. Gilead, Economic and Home Build- 
ing Union, 

Soath Carolina 

Greenville, Grace Cong, ch., 1 ; Mt. View 
Cong, ch., 1, 


Pringle, Scotts Chapel, 1 

, Woman's Miss. Union, for Mt. 

Silinda, 3 

Ormond, Mrs. Carrie F. Pitts, 

Toons People's Societies 

Connecticut. — Glastonbury, 1st Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Ainteb, 21.60; Old Lyme, 1st Y. P. S. 
C. E., 10; Waterbury, 2d Cong, ch., Sunday 
Noon Club, for Aruppukottai, 15; Windsor, 
Y. P. S. C. E. and Sab. sch., for Harpoot, 10, 

New York. — Brooklyn, Lewis-av. Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Foochow, 10; New York, Broadway 
Tab. Y. P. S. C. E., for native worker, care 
Rev. E. Fairbank, 60, 

Ohio. — Elyria, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for Shansi, 


00 153 10 


157 10 


1 00 



00 4 00 

2 00 

£6 50 

70 00 
10 00 

Digitized by 





CoNNBCTicLT. — Enfield, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. , 

22; Goshen (Lebanon), Cong. Sab. sch., 8.90; 

Norwich, Gireeneville. Cong. Sab. sch., 15; 

Suffield. 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Adana, 30; 

Waterbury, 2d Cong. Sab. sch., for Aruppu- 

kottai, 30, 
Nbw York. — Berkshire, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., 

for school in Marsovan, 30; Syracuse, Good 

Will Cong. Sab. sch., 6.10, 
Pennsylvania. — Glenolden, Cong. Sab. sch., 

for Aruppukottai, 
Ohio. — Akron, West Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 
danao. 10; Cleveland, East Cong. Sab. sch., 

for Mindanao, 1, 



Memphis, Friend, 

106 90 

35 10 

166 00 

5 00 

Hammond, Cong. ch. 

New Iberia, St. Paul Cong. ch. 


14 25 
5 00 
Welsh, 1st Cong. ch. " 20 

Ltgacies. — New Orleans, Mrs. Emma 
A. O'Dowd, by J. W. Wilkinson and 
David P. Albers, Ex'rs, 


Dallas, Central Cong. ch. 
Ltgacies. — Clarendon, S. B. Hoisington, 
by Mrs. W. A. So Relle, 

1,266 36 


Kingfisher, Cong. ch. 


Aurora, 1st Cong. ch. 29 00 

Bloomington, 1st Cong, ch., Maud S. 

Lindley, for Mt. Silinda. 15 00 

Champaign. Hale A. Johnston, 10 00 

Chesterfield, Cong. ch. 20 36 

Chicago, Ravenswood Cong, ch., 202; 

James Vogel, Jr., 6, 207 00 

Farmin^on,Cong. ch. 8 64 

Griggsville, Cong. ch. 8 24 

Jacksonville, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. L. J. Christian, 125 00 

Mill Creek, Cong. ch. 68 

Minneapolis, Plymouth Cone, ch., of 

which 113.80 toward support Rev. A. H. 

Clark, and 6 for work m China, 118 30 

Naperville, 1st Cong. ch. 12 00 

Poplar Grove, Cong. ch. 5 00 

Spring Valley, 1st Cong, ch., toward sup- 
port Rev. J. P. Dysart, 8 00 
Vienna, Cong. ch. 4 00 - 

WUmelte, Isl Cong. ch. 43 92 615 14 

Legacies. — Elgin, Geo. P. Lord, by Louis 

N. Seaman, H. P. Zimmerman, and El- 

gin Banking Co., Ex'rs, add'l, 


Detroit. 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. J. H. Dickson, 
Leslie, 1st Cong. ch. 
Linden, Cong. ch. Woman's Miss. Soc. 
Red Jacket, Cong. ch. 
St. Clair, Cong. ch. 
Whitehall, Cong. ch. 
Legacies. — Hillsdale, Miss Mary Smith, 

less expenses, 

100 00 
715 14 

200 00 

4 50 

19 54 
14 18 
10 00 2.'S1 I 


Hudson Park, Plymouth Cong. ch. 3 25 

Shullsburg. Cong. ch. 6 60 

Soarta, J. G. Leete, 35 00 

Wood lake, Swedish Mission Cong. ch. 2 80— 

1.784 04 

Medford, Cong, ch., D. S. Piper, 50 00 
Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong, ch., Friend, 

1,000; Pilgrim Cong, ch., 26.68, 1,026 68 

New Ulm, Cong. ch. 8 00 

Northfield. Rev. Fred B. HiU, toward 

support Rev. A. A. McBride, 6K 00 

Owatonna, 1st Cong. ch. 22 00—1,731 68 

Atlantic, 1st Cong. ch. 
Farmington, Cong. ch. 
Montour, Friend, 
Newell, 1st Cong. ch. 
Ottumwa, 1st Cong. ch. 


106 00 


1,000 00 

60 00 

91 00-1,264 00 


Of item acknowledged in February Her- 
aid, from 1st Cong, ch., St. Louis, 62 JK) 
should have been from 1st Cong, ch., 

Nortli DnkoU 

Hettinger, Cong. ch. 1 00 
Jamestown, 1st Cone. ch. 14 00 
Valley City, Getchelt Cong. ch. 6 00 ^21 00 

Sottth DakoU 


Academy, Cong. ch. 
Dracola, Cong. ch. 
Gothland, Cong. ch. 
Hetland, Cong. ch. 
Springfield, Cong. ch. 
Watcrtown, Cong. ch. 

Loomis, Cong. ch. 

Alton, 1st Cong. ch. 
Athol, Cong. ch. 
Independence, Cong. ch. 
Paola, Cong. ch. 


Columbus, Cong. ch. 
Roundup, Cone. ch. 
Wibaux, Mrs. Lillie M. Rice, 

29 55 
1 50 
7 85 

10 00 


8 40 
21 00 

8 00 

1 50 
3 00- 

-6 25 


Clark, Elk River Cong. ch. 
Henderson, Cong. ch. 

1 85 
13 00 14 85 

Yonnc Peoiile's Sodotiaa 

Louisiana. — Hammond, Y. P. S. C. E. and 
Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 

Iowa. — Davenport. Edwards Y. P. S. C. E., 
toward support Rev. G. E. White. 6; Du- 
buque, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for Harpoot, 30, 

Sunday Sehoola 

Alabama. — Joppa, Joppa Inst. Sab. sch., for 

Louisiana. — Iowa, Cong. Sab. sch., for Har- 

Illinois. — Chicago, Garfield Park Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Mindanao, 1 ; Griggsville, Cong. Sab. 
sch., 1.76; Polo, Independent Presb. Sab. 
sch., for Harpoot. 30, 

Michigan. — South Haven, Cong. Sab. sch., 
17.87; Three Oaks, Cong. Sab. sch., 5, 

Wisconsin. — Fifield, Conjg. Sab. sch. 

Minnesota. — Minneapolis, Lyndale Cong. 
Sab. sell., for Sholapur, 30 ; do., Pilgrim Cong. 
Sab. sch., 12.19; St. Paul, Pacific Cong. Sab. 
sch., for Aruppukottai, 9.89, 

Iowa. — Cherokee, Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 

South Dakota. — Milbank, Cong. Sab. sch. 

Kansas. — Milo, Union Sab. sch. 

Colorado. — Colorado Springs, 1st Cong. Sab. 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 

15 00 

35 00 
60 00 

15 00 
15 00 

32 76 

22 87 

46 97 


9 53 
206 39 






Seattle, Oak Lake Cong, ch., 4 ; Bayview 
Cong, ch., 1, 



17 66 
14 26 
600 36 92 

Forest Grove, Cong. ch. 
Oregon City,- Ist Cons. ch. 
Portland, Laorelwood Cong. ch. 


Berkeley, L. J. and Miss L. G. Barker, 

toward support Rev. F. F. Goodsell, 72 00 
Corona, Cong. ch. 44 86 

El Monte, C. P. Church, 6 00 

Escondido, Cong. ch. 4 65 

Etiwanda, Cong. ch. 8 20 

Highland. Cong. ch. 177 31 

Long Beach, 1st Cong. ch. 4 25 

Los Angeles, Plymouth Cong, ch., 7.75; 

Pilgrim Cong. ch. , 5.42, 13 17 

Monrovia, Cong. ch. 7 20 

National City, Cong. ch. 15 28 

Oil Center, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Old River. Cong. ch. 8 42 

Panama, Cong. ch. 10 07 

Pasadena, North Cong. ch. 4 81 

Pinole, Mr. and Mrs. B. T. Elmore, for 

Pangchwang, 5 00 

Redlands, Cong. ch. 62 00 

San Bernardino, 1st Cong, ch., 9.66 ; J. 

W. Curtis, 180, 189 66 

San Di^o, 1st Cong, ch., 84.75; Logan 

Heights Cong, ch., 6J>2, 90 27 

San Francisco, Rev. H. Melville Tenncy, 430 00 
Upland, Chas. E. Harwood, toward sup- 
port Rev. Watts O. Pye, 150 00 
Villa Park, Cong. ch. 14 96 
Wasco, Cong. ch. 7 76-1,285 36 
Legacies. — San Bernardino, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth A. M. Hicks, by Rev. H. M. 
Tenney, Ex'r, 7,218 09 

* 8,503 46 

25 00 

Nome, Pilgrim Cong. ch. 


Honolulu, Churches, through Hawaiian 
Board, 46.16; Central Union Cong, ch., 

Toaas People's Societies 

Orkgon. — Clackamas, Y. P. S. C. E., for 

Sondaj Schools 

Nbw Mexico. — Albuquerque, 1st Cong. Sab. 

Utah.— Ogden, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., for Min- 

Idaho. — Boise, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., a class, 
for native worker, care Rev. E. Fairbank, 

Caupornia.- -Colegrove. Cong. Sab. sch., 
1.62; Redwood, Cong. Sab. sch.. Prim. Dept . 
Birthday Box for Mindanao, 4.30; San Ja- 
cinto, Cong. Sab. sch., 9; Ventura, Cong. 
Sab. sch.,. 16, 

Hawaii. — Honolulu, Central Union Cong. 
Sab. sch., toward support Rev. P. A. Dela- 
porte, 150; do., Sab. schs , through Hawaiian 
Board, 1, 


51 65 

Samokov, Church, 
Oluyama, M. Komoto, 


10 00 
30 00 

16 ?2 

212 72 

10 00 
• 60 

Sooth America 

Colombia, Santa Marta, Rev. H. Dudley Lyeh, 


Constantinople, Greek Protestant ch., 
9.68; Professor Hamlin, 4.40, 

Mindauo Medical Work 

Nbw York. — New York, Mindanao Medical 

1 00 

14 06 

1,516 82 


From Woman's Board op Mission? 

Miss Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 


For sundry missions, in part, 12,814 10 

Toward building for girls' school, Talas, 
add'l. 1,000 00 

Toward building for girls' school, Mar- 
din, add'l, 1.000 00 

For salary of missionary, Constantinople, 
1910-11, 440 00 

For,salary of missionary. Sivas, 1911, 409 20 

Toward new building for girls' school, 
Mardm, add'l, 1,000 00-10,663 30 

From Woman's Board op Missions op thk Intrrior 
Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 

Treantrer 5,jOO 00 

From Woman's Board op Missions por thk Pacipic 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland. California, 

Treasurer 692 50 

22,855 80 

Additional Doaationa for Special Objects 

Maine. — Blue Hill, Cong. Sab. sch., for na- 
tive pastor, care Rev. R. A. Hume^ 6; Sandy- 
point, Mrs. J. P. Stowers, iox cot in hospital, 
care Rev. P. L. Corbin. 16. 20 00 

Nbw Hampshirb. — Enfteld.the Misses Long, 
toward Shattuck Memorial Hall, Oorfa, 1; 
Hillsboro, Cong, ch., Mrs. L. Conn, for 
work, care Rev. C. L. Storrs, 5, 6 00 

Massachusetts. — Boston, Central Cong. Sab. • 
sch. (Jamaica Plain), Men's class, for native 
helper, care Rev. A. H. Clark, 87.90; do., 2d 
Cong. Sab. sch. (Dorchester), Bumpus Mem. 
class, for work, care Rev. P. L. Corbin, 60 ; 
do., Y. P. S. C. E. (Roslindale), for native 
Dteacher, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 9.40; do.. 
Miss Caroline Borden, toward Shattuck Me- 
morial Hall, Oorfa, 10; do.. Friends, through 
Rev. p. H. Gutterson, for Pasumalai College, 
4 ; Brookline. Rev. Geo. A. Hall, for school, 
care Miss Anna L. Millard, 100; Erving, 
Friend, for native teacher, care Rev. B. K. 
Hunsberger, 40; Everett, Washburn Y. P. S. 
C. E. of 1st Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. E. 
P. Holton, 26; Haverhill, North Cone. Sab. 
sch., Chinese Dept., for work, care Rev. C. 
R. Hager, 10; Northampton, Edwards Cong, 
ch., Mrs. Martha H. Williams, for hospital 
work, care Dr. F. F. Tucker, 18; Orange, 
Central Cong, ch., F. D. Kellogg, for work, 
care Rev. E. D. Kellogg. 25; Saundersville, 
Annie M. Crooks, for use of Miss M. L. 
Gra£fam, 3.60; Stoneham, Friend, toward 
Shattuck Hall, Oorfa, 50; Warren, 1st Cons, 
ch., for work, care Rev. Geo. P. Knapp, 10 ; 
Wellesley Hills, 1st Cong, ch., for work in 
Sivas, 24.87 ; Winchester, 2d Cong. ch. Wom- 
en's Soc., for cot in hospital, care Dr. H. H. 
Atkinson, 25 ; do., 2d Cong. Sab. sch., for cot 
in hospital, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 80, 472 27 

Rhode Island. — Providence, Central Cong, 
ch.. Ministering Children's League, Dorothea 
and Hans Moore, for orphan In China, 25; 
do.. Park Side Chapel, Y. P. S. C. E., for 
pupil, care Rev. Edward Fairbank, 16; do., 
A. W. Claflin, for work, care Rev. John E. 
Merrill, 10, .^.1 00 

Connecticut. — Bridgeport, Mrs. Mabel McK. 

Blodget, for the Henry Blodget cot in hos^ ■ 

pital, care Rev. P. L. Corbin, l-'^rogW^V&OOQlC 



AiHril, 19U 

140 60 

70 00 

ton, Mrs. Quincv Blakely, for pupil, care MUs 
Annie E. Gordon, 26; Goshen, Cong. Sab. 
sch., for pupil in Jafitna College, care Dr. 
Harry C. York, 10: Hartford, the Misses 
Camp and Mrs. £. C. Russ, for Annie Tracy 
Riggs Hospital, 20 ; Meriden, Center Cong. 
ch.VRobert Scovel Loux Memorial, for native 
helper, care Rev. L. S. Gates, 8 ; Middletown, 
Mrs. H. Lucentia Ward, for work, care Rev. 
L. S. Gates, 10; New Haven, H. Starr and 
M. £. Baldwin, for hospital, care Dr. H. N. 
Kinnear, 10 : Norwich, Broadway Cong, ch.. 
Rev. G. A. Bryan, for boys' boarding school, 
care Rev. E. H. Smith, 2; Waterbury, 2d 
Cong. Sab. sch.. Miss Kane's class, 10, do., 
do.7T>avenport Bible class, 7.60, and Men's 
Sunday Noon Club, 7.60, all for work, care 
Rev. J. C. Perkins, 25, 126 00 

NbwYork. — Binghamton, Chas. W. Loomis, 
for native helper, care Dr. L. H. Beals, 20; 
Brooklyn, Chas. A. Clark, for Bible-woman, 
care Rev. C. R. Hagen 3 ; Geneva, C. A. L., 
for hospital, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 2; Ly- 
sand^ Cong, ch.. Members, for work, care 
Rev. E. Fairbank,26; New York, Broadway 
Tab. Cong, ch^ Kllen L.' Lambert, for the 
Annie Tracy Riggs Hospital, 26: do., do , 
Chinese Sab. sch.Tior work, care Rev. Harry 

5. Martin, 26 ; do., Friends, for use of Rev. 
Watts O. Pye, 6: Palmyra, Union Meeting 
collection, for Col. and Theol. Inst., Samo- 
kov, 10.60; Port Chester, Letitia W. Simons, 
for pupil, care Rev. T. D. Christie, 26, 

Nbw Jbrsby. — Arlington^ Mrs. Mary W. 
Pflegcr, for pupil, care Miss Maria B. Poole, 
10; Kast Orange, Ist Cong, ch., for Bible- 
reader, care Dr. W. S. DodcL 10, 

Pbnnsvlvania. — Ardmore, Mrs. Charles H. 
Ludington, for pupil, care Rev. T. D. Chris- 
tie, 45 ; Pine Grove, Geo. W. Gensemer, for 
the Annie Tracy Rim Hospital, 26, 

Ohio.— Qintonville, n. C. Marshall, for pupil, 
care Mrs. G. G. Brown, 3 : Elyria, 1st Cone. 
Sab. sch., for cot in hospital, care Dr. Percy T. 
Watson, 16; Oberlin, 2d Cong. Sab. sch., for 
Col. and Theol. Inst., Samokov. 10 ; do., Ober- 
lin Shansi Mem. Asso., of which 300 for educa- 
tional work, Shansi Mem. Academy, and 83.33 
for native preacher, Shansi, 383.83; do., Rev. 
A. H. Currier, for work, care Dr. H. N. Kin- 
near, 4 ; do., Harriet Ely, for Col. and Theol. 
Institute, Samokov, 15; Oxford, Mary E. 
Woodin, of which 10 for hospital work, care 
Dr. H.N. Kinnear, and 6 for work, care Miss 
Hannah C. Woodhull, 16, 446 33 

Tknnbssbb.— Nashville, Sarah Scoggins, for 
pupil , care Miss Martha Wiley, 10 00 

Mississippi. — Moorhead, Sab. sch. of the Al- 
meda Gardner Indus. School for Colored Girls, 
for orphans, care Mrs. M. L. Sibley, 10 ; do., » 
Frances A. Gardner, 6, and Mrs. A. M. Pond, 

6, both for orphans, care Mrs. M. L. Sibley, 

10, 20 00 

Texas. — Dallas, Central Cong, ch., for Bible- 
woman, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 7 60 
Indiana. — Elkhart, Rose Lambert, for Os- 
manieh Mem. ch., care Rev. W. N . Chambers, 
6: Lima, Presb. Sab. sch., Cradle Roll, for 
girls' school, care Miss Minnie Clarke, 1 ; do., 
tne Misses Williams, toward new equipment, 
Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 100, 106 00 
Illinois. — Aurora, New England Cong, ch., 
Young People's I..eague, for native worker, 
care Rev. F. E. Jeffery, 20; Chicago, North 
Y. P. S. C. E. (Englewood), for new equip- 
ment Cor Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. 
Fuller, 15; do., Grace Cong. Sab. sch., for 
native worker, care Rev. H. U. Bissell, 112.50: 
do., Summerdale Cong. Sab. sch., toward 
roof on Edgar B. Wylie School, 4; do., Sum- 
merdale Y. P. S. C. E., for do., 5 ; do., H. H. 
Marcusson, for new equipment for Indus. 
Dept., Mt. Silinda. care C. C. Fuller, 5 ; Ge- 
neva, Geo. N. Taylor, for work, care Rev. L. 
S. Gates, 10; Morgan Park, Y. P. S. C. E., 
for new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Si- 
linda, care C. C. Fuller. 6; Oak Park, 1st 
Cong, ch., Mrs. W. R. Lewis, in memory of 
Mrs. Mary J. Russell, for work, care Rev. J. 
D. Eaton, 500; Peoria, Union Cong, ch.. 

Friend, for use of Rev. P. L. Corbin, 15; 
Princeton, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Stewart, to- 
ward new equipment, Mt. Silinda, care C. C. 
Fuller, 2 ; Shabbona, Cong. Sab. sch., for 
pupil, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 18.80; Whea- 
too. Collie Cong, ch., for medical student, 
care Dr. F. F. Tucker, 3 ; do.. College Cong. 

Sab. sch., for do., 16; , Fnend, for 

work in Japan, 1, 

Wisconsin.— Grand Rapids, Y. P. S. C. E.,for 
work, care Rev. R. S. Stapleton, 5; Janes- 
ville, 1st Cong, ch., for Col. and Theol. Insti- 
tute, Samokov, 10, 

MiNNBSOTA.— Elk River, Mvulow Vale Miss. 
Soc., for pupil, care Miss E. M. Atkins, 10; 
Minneapolis, 6th-av. Y. P. S. C. E.,for Bible- 
woman, care Miss Emily Hartwell, 5 ; , 

M. A. H., for use of Miss Charlotte R. Wil- 

Iowa. — Elkader, Jun. Y. P. S. C. E. of 1st 
Cong, ch., for work, care Mrs. Alice M. Wil- 

Nbbkaska. — Trenton, Rev. Herbert L. Mills 
and Mrs. E. L. Mills, for work, care Miss 
Minnie B. Mills, 

Kansas. — Council Grove, Rev. and Mrs. Geo. 
A. Chatfield, for Bible-woman, care Rev. C. 
R. Hager, 8.50; La Crosse, James H. Little, 
for work, care Rev. G. H. Hubbard, 100; 
Leavenworth, Robert Cartwright, for work, 
care Rev. W. W. Wallace, 5, 

Colorado. — Boulder, Jun. V. P. S. C. E. of 
1st Cong, ch., for pupil, care Rev. R. A. 

Utah. — Provo, L. B. Fuller, for new equip- 
ment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care 
C C. Fuller, 

Washington. — Kiesling, Moran Union Sun- 
day School, for Bible-woman, care Mrs. Alice 
M. Williams. 

California. — Los Angeles, Garvanaa Cong, 
ch., Annabel and Laura L. Bliss, for pupil, 
care Miss E. M. Atkins, 26; Pacific Gro' 

care miss mu. lu. ^^uliub, aw: x^aivauv v^iuvc, 

Mayflower Cong. Sab. sch., for cot in Annie 
Tracy Riggs Hospiul, 12.46; Puente, Mrs. 
M. E. Comstock, for pupils, care Miss E. M. 
Atkins, 6; Redlands, Sen. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
work, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 30, 

Canada. — Montreal, Amer. Presb. ch., for 
new equipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, 
careC. C. Fuller, 150; do., Emmanuel Cong. 
Sab. sch., for native teacher, care Rev. C. R. 
Hager, 65; do., Zion Cong. Sab. sch., for 
worit, care Dr. T. B. Scott, 16; do., D. W. 
Ross, for work, care Rev. H. K. Wingate,50 ; 
Ottawa, Edwin and Marion Charleson, for 
pupU,care Miss Annie E.Gordon, 26; Point 
Claire (Que.), Cedar Park Cong. Sab. sch., 
for school, care Dr. and Mrs. C. T. Sibley, 
43.40* do., Arthur Milne, for native teadier, 
care do., 15, 

Mkxico. — Mexico, A friend of Africa, for 
work, care A.J. Omer, 

626 30 

16 00 

35 00 

2 00 

15 00 

113 50 

20 OO 

100 ( 

20 00 

73 46 

353 40 
25 00 


From Woman's Board op Missions for thb Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakland, California, 

For use of Miss E. M. Garretson, 
For work of Miss Mary F. Denton, 

10 00 
140 00 160 00 

Donations received in February, 
Legacies received in February, 

8,042 25 

41,160 79 
10,536 65 

61,697 34 

Total fr«Bi September 1. 1910. to Febniwry 28. 1911. 
Donations. $389,137.63; Legacies. 

Woman's Medical Miosion. Jaffna 

CoNNBCTicuT. — Rockville, Union Cong. ch. 

Jaffna Goieral Medical Miaaloa 

England. — Liverpool, Miss P. M^ Given, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

12 60 

48 40 

S$ia^thh€d 1 84$ incorpmi^ i 900 

W. & L. E. GURLEY - TROY, N.Y., U.S.A. 

^Manufadarcrs of 

Civil Engineering, Mining, Surveying, and Physical Instruments 

Standard Weights and Measures 

Accurate Thermometers 

Mechanical, Optical and Electrical Apparatut 

for Schools, CoUeges, Technical Lahoratori^ 

Scientibc Initrumcnb of Special Deagn .*« 

Caialogiia and dttailtd tT\formatlon on nqauMl mention Miuionary Hei^ilil whfiB. JOQ wdtc to ftdvcftlitn 



Book, Magazine, n*td Job W^^^^m^ ^^^ work \m executed aal^ 

Printing in all iU IjrancKea ■i^HIS^ll iifactonly and delivered 

DifEcult work a specialty P^^^^^-Ji-^-'^l when promiied 



TROY, N. Y., and 




Plttaie mientiua jMkB.uiaa.ry llanld. wbsi joa wiim io advertiAcri 

No. 254 {The Indian) 

Fitted with 'Tabloid' 
Brand Products, ideal 
doses of pure medicaments, 
ready for dispensing and 
perfectly stable in hot, 
damp or cold climates. 
History confirms the 
reliability and convenience 
of ' Tabloid ' Equipments. 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

35. 37 & 39. West Thirty-third Street, New York City; 

or 101-104, Coristine Building, 

St. Nicholas & St. Paul Sts.. Montreal 

London (Eng.) Sydnry Cape Town Milan 

Shanghai Buenos Aires 


2 56 All Rights Reserved 

m 1 iiiri 






Boston MAY 191 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Miss: 


fissions I 

EhUered at the Pottof^ce at Boston, Maaa,, aa aecond-olaas -matter 


MAY, 1911 

Editorial Notes. Illustrated 


Social Service in India. By Rev. Robert E. Hume, ph.d. Illustrated . . 207 | 

Miss Maria Brooks Poole. Illustrated 


The Day's Round - In a Mission Settlement. By Miss Alice P. Adams. 

Illustrated ..... 


Snowed Under Illustrated 


The Imperiling Plague. Illustrated 






By-Products of Foreign Missions. By Secretary James L. Barton. Illustrated | 

Field Notes. Illustrated 


Letters from the Missions. Illustrated 228 

Eastern Turkey— Madura— Mexico— European Turkey 

The Wide Field 


Manchuria — India 

The Portfolio ..... 


The Bookshelf 


The Chronicle. Illustrated 




American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Congn^egational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston, Mass. 




The President and Vice-President, ex ctfficiis 

Samuel B. Cafbn, lud. 

Term Expiree 1911 

Hon. Arthur H. Wellman 
Rev. Albert P. Fitch 

Edward D. Eaton. d.i>. 

Henry H. Proctor 

Rev. Lucius H. Thayer 

Correaponding Secretariee 

Jambs L. Barton, d.d. 

Term Expires 191t 

Cornelius H. Patton. d.d. 

Francis O. Winslow 

Rev. Arthur L. Gillett 


Charles A. Hopkins 

Frank H. Wiggin. Esq. 

Arthur Perry 

Term Expires 191S 

Herbert A. Wilder 

EjLNATHAn E. Strong, d.d.. Emeritua 

Rev. Edward M. Noybs 

Rev. William E. Strong 

Rev. Edward C. Moore 

A88ociate Secretariee 

Rev. George A. Hall 

Rev. Enoch F. Bell 

Legacies. — In writing boquests the entire corpo- 

Rev. D. Brewer Eddy 

rate name of the Board should be used, as follows: 

" American Board of Commissioners for ForeifiTi 

PvUiehino and Purchasing Agent 

Missions, incorporated in Massachusetts in 1812." 
Publications. - The Missiofmry Herald, illustrated. 

John G. Hosmer 

monthly ; 75 cents a year, or 50 cents in clube of ten 

or more: foreign subscriptions, 36 cents additional 

District Secretaries 

for postage. The Minion Dayspring, an illustrated 

Bfiddle District : Rev. Willard L. Beard 
4th Avenue and 22d Street, New York 

monthly for children : 20 cents a year. $1.50 for ten 
copies. $3 for twenty-five copies. American Board 
Almannc; Price. 10 cents. $6 per hundred, by mail or 

Interior District: A. N. Hitchcock. ph.d. 

express. Sketches of Missions. Maps, including Wall 
Maps. Leaflets, and Tracts in large variety. For 

19 South Lasalle Street. Chicago 
Pacific Coast District : Rev. H. Melville Tenney, d. d. 

Publications, address f CSCM 

American Board^ F^blishing Department. 

Mechanics Bank Buildinfi:. San Francisco. CaL 

Room 102, 14 Beacon Street, Boston. 

r» «^ TU^ 

<S*.mm^ T>^m*^ 

Among Strange Peoples 

Issued Bj 




this packet of 
artistic cards, each 
bearing a picture that 
tells a story? You can 
get the eight for 10 
cents (and a 1-cent 
stamp for postage). 




For those who are not it is time to say that 

The Story of the American Board 

will make good Summer Reading, which after all is none too plentiful. 
It is readable, stirring, diversified ; broken into sections and short 
chapters, so that it can be picked up at odd moments ; handy to man- 
age in a hammock. It will look attractive on a piazza table ; take but 
small space in a vacation trunk ; prove a welcome gift to leave behind 
one ; and it will make sure that the summer adds to the permanent 
enrichment of life. 

Profusely illustrated with photographs and maps. 

Bound in red cloth^ with back and side stamps in gold, ^2j t>ages, $i x jf 

$1.75 net Pottage, 18 cents 


17S Wskstk Atcmm, Chicsfs 14 Beacon Street, Boston 

or from the 

AMERICAN BOARD, John G. HosMor, Agent, 14 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

Digitized by 



1. The PubUe School 

3. The Roman Catholic Church and Convent. 

(See opposite page) 
2. The Constabulary Headquarters^ 
4. The Market. 

The Missionary Herald 

Volume CVII 

MAY 1911 

Number 5 

Seldom has it happened that so many 
of the American Board's fields have 

been in special distress 
In This NnniMr at One time as just now. 

This issue of the Herald 
thus contains stories of famine and 
plagrue in China, prodigious snows and 
cold in Turkey, and rebellion and blood- 
shed in Mexico and Ponape. Though 
the Caroline Islands are no longer a 
mission field of this Board, they are 
bound to it by memories and hopes that 
will make the present disorder there 
a matter of keen concern to many of 
our readers. 

Other events described in this num- 
ber, if less spectacular, are no less in- 
teresting, i>erhaps even more important. 
The Field Notes, the Letters from the 
Missions, and the Wide Field are all 
rich this month in stirring news. 

Some idea of what the United States 
is doing in the Philippines, and in par- 
ticular on the southern 
iwNewDarmo island of Mindanao, and 
at Davao the capital and 
center of the American Board's work, 
may be got from the views on the op- 
posite page, part of a group of pictures 
sent to these Rooms by Rev. Robert F. 
Black. The new neatness and thrift 
are evident. The market where meat 
and fish are sold is inspected daily ; its 
floors are of cement, and everything is 
kept sweet and clean. To be sure it is 
the principal street which we see before 
the police headquarters, but how invit- 
ing it looks! The American Board's 
chapel is just across the street from 
the public school; unhappily it does 
not yet rank with the other public 
buildings in appearance or adequacy. 
The Roman Catholic buildings (the 

madre's school for girls is on the other 
side of the church) suggest what the 
Board's missionaries in Davao have to 
face; as the Filipinos, seeing our old 
and tumble-down chapel, regard the 
Protestants as weak and very poor. 
It is good to think that a new church 
building, the funds for which have 
been provided by the Sunday schools, 
is now authorized and by this time in 
process of construction. 

At every meeting of the Prudential 
Committee, one item on the docket is 
APnadtiiAt Mkely to be the case of a 
Hakes Its missionary on furlough or 
Own Appeal invalided home who requires 
special medical care for which an extra 
appropriation is asked. The long pull 
of a wearing task, often in unhealthful 
conditions and without proper medical 
aid at hand, is responsible for so general 
need of hospital treatment on the part 
of missionaries returning to this coun- 
try. And as salaries and furlough 
allowances are fixed at the bare cost 
of a modest living, it is, in most cases, 
impossible for the missionaries to as- 
sume these extra expenses, although 
physicians and surgeons are uniformly 
considerate and often exceedingly gen- 
erous in their charges to such patients. 

Here is found the need of a perma- 
nent fund, yielding sufiicient income to 
provide for these cases as they arise. 

A member of the Prudential Com- 
mittee, impressed with their frequency 
and their rightful claim, generously 
proposes to give the first $5,000 toward 
a fund of not less than $100,000 for this 
purpose, in the hope that a few like- 
minded friends will join in making up 
the desired amount. 

We are confident that the projectJr> 

Digitized by gOl l*^^ 


Editorial Notes 


which has the hearty indorsement of 
the Prudential Committee, will appeal 
to a sufficient number to insure the 
establishment of the fund. It is hard 
to conceive of an object to which one 
would more willingly give than the 
restoration to health of sick or worn 
missionaries as they come to seek rest 
in their homeland. And to put a suc- 
cessful missionary into good physical 
condition and to send him back to 
the field well and fit is probably to 
render a larger help to the Board's 
work than even the sending out of 
a fresh recruit. The Treasurer of the 
Board, or any of its Secretaries, will 
be glad to answer the inquiries of those 
interested in the creation of this fund. 

While the newspapers have been re- 
porting the spread of the insurrection 
in Mexico, the cutting off 
wl!?fiui^?^ of cities and towns from 
communication with the 
outside world, and the reign of general 
disorder and fear, telegrams have been 
coming to the Board Rooms from vari- 
ous stations in the republic to the effect 
that all was quiet with them and that 
mission work was proceeding calmly in 
spite of evident difficulties. 

The southern part of the country 
seems to be less disturbed. Mrs. How- 
land, writing from Guadalajara so long 
ago as the middle of March, declared 
that all was safe politically in the state 
of Jalisco, while Mr. Rowland (see 
page 231) described a fiesta of the day 
before in honor of the opening of the 
mission college in Guadalajara and his 
own birthday. 

A LETTER came to the Board Rooms 
recently from the Director of Agricul- 
ture at Adana, Central 
• New^X**' Turkey. It was written 
upon government paper, 
bearing the Turkish headings and offi- 
cial marks. The striking facts about 
it are that the official is an Armenian 
who, after graduating at Robert Col- 
lege, came to the United States, took 
the full course at the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College, and pursued post- 

graduate work in the experimental sta- 
tion there and at Manhattan, Kan ; 
that returning to his home in Harpoot 
as a teacher he left' his agricultural 
books stored at the Board's Rooms, not 
venturing to take them with him in 
the hazard of re-entering Turkey ; and 
that whereas ten years ago this Arme- 
nian managed to slip quietly back to his 
native land, today he is an officer of the 
Turkish government in the large and 
important vilayet of Adana. 

The World in Boston is in full swing. 
President Taft in Washington pressed 
the key that signaled its 
Now Open opening on the afternoon of 
April 22. Bishop Lawrence, 
Mrs. Montgomery, and Booker Wash- 
ington were the 


^ * n^ Tr " ] 



to Hay to 

1 :^ JUiiiiii«A isi 

speakers at the 
introductory cer- 
emonies. The 
hum of action, 
the stir of inter- 
est, now fills the 
huge Mechanics 
Building; regi- 
ments of stew- 
ards man the long 
lines of courts; 
crowds of specta- 
tors pour through 
the entrance ways, to scatter here and 
there as they are attracted ; simultane- 
ously or in quick succession lectures, 
tableaux, moving pictures, games, 
transpire in the several smaller halls or 
in the open courts; and in the Grand 
Hall the elaborate Pageant of Darkness 
and Light draws its own delighted 
audience each afternoon and evening. 
Surely there was never anything like 
The World in Boston before ! 

It is noticeable that the alert and 
aggressive Christian and philanthropic 
World-Wide agencies of America are 
sonda7 School moro and more allying 
^^^ themselves with foreign 

missionary work. The Young Men's 
and Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tions, Christian Endeavor Societies, 
Temperance Unions, - R^a^ I Societies, 


Editorial Notes 


Reform Agencies, all are increasing 
their efforts, many of them placing 
their own representatives, in the non- 
Christian lands. The World's Sunday 
School Association is now pressing its 
way into the forefront of these allies 
of the missionary enterprise. Through 
its American and European sections it 
has already appointed executive secre- 
taries in several countries of the Orient. 
Its most recent achievement in this 
line is the organization, in connection 
with a visit of its representative, Mr. 
Prank L. Brown, of the Sunday School 
Union of the Philippine Islands at Ma- 
nila. Rev. J. L. McLaughlin, secretary 
of the American Bible Society,- was 
made secretary of this new organiza- 
tion, which plans to work in heartiest co- 
operation with the Evangelical Union, 
the directing joint body of the vari- 
ous denominational missionary societies 
working in these islands. Mr. Marion 
Lawrance is now devoting his energy 
and executive skill to pressing the in- 
terests of this World's Sunday School 
Association. The coming International 
Sunday School Convention to be held 
at San Francisco, June 20-27, bids fair 
to be in a good measure a missionary 

'Tis a narrow and misleading view 
that a missionary's influence is perforce 

limited to his station or 
oS^s^utn* ^v^J^ ^ ^^^ region. Often 

it overbreaks all supposed 
boundaries and its force is felt far be- 
yond its direct touch. Impressive testi- 
mony as to the reach of influence of 
one American Board missionary, the 
late Rev. Herbert M. Allen, of Constan- 
tinople, is found in a letter of the Ar- 
menian Bishop Papken of Angora to 
the Avedaper, of whose Armenian edi- 
tion Mr. Allen was editor. Among 
expressions of his own grief and the 
wide loss felt among the circle of that 
journal's readers, the bishop writes : — 
"Though an American, he was a 
«hild of the Armenian fatherland, 
a lover of its language and church, 
and was bound to the Armenian nation 
with a peculiar sympathy. He knew 

Seaside Rest 

the Armenian world from Etchmiadzin 
to Jerusalem, from Constantinople to 
Cilicia, larger Armenia as well as lesser 

By the generosity of a Baltimore 
lady, who sought thus to establish a 
memorial of her daughter, 
the American Board has 
been intrusted with the 
management of a summer home at Old 
Orchard, Me., de- 
signed for tired for- 
eign missionaries of 
all denominations, 
and, if room is left, 
for other Christian 
workers. This home 
is kept open during 
July and August, 
and as it is partially 
endowed can offer 
to those whom it 
seeks to help the 
advantages of quiet rest, with congenial 
associates, in an attractive and well- 
kept house on the grandest of the 
Maine beaches, at almost nominal rates. 
Guests of past years have sung its 
praises enthusiastically. Those wishing 
to make inquiries or to secure accom- 
modations for the summer of 1911 
should write to Mrs. S. C. Gunn, Romu- 
lus, N. Y., until the last of June ; there- 
after at Old Orchard, Me. 

It has been reported in the news- 
paper press that Rev. Arthur May 
Knapp, recently a Unitarian 
If *• invert missionary in Japan, said in 
a published address that it 
cost more than a million dollars to con- 
vert one Japanese to Christianity. The 
assertion was so wild it seemed impos- 
sible that Mr. Knapp could have made 
it. Upon inquiry, he answered that he 
never did make it, and that such an 
impression could have been got only 
by distorting an incidental quotation, 
having no reference to Japan, and 
taken from an antiquated history of 
missions, written before modern mis- 
sions were begun in Japan. i 

There are now 15,384 members in th^^ 


Editorial Notes 


churches associated with the American 
Board's mission in Japan. Not all of 
them perhaps are true converts ; on the 
other hand there are certainly many 
converts not enrolled in this list. Yet 
these church rolls alone, upon the al- 
leged basis of expense per convert, 
represent an outlay of $15,384,000,000, 
a figure which makes the charge too 
absurd for consideration. Yet set rep- 
utable a journal as the Boston Globe 
soberly declares, '* If the cost per con- 
vert is anywhere near as high as 
Rev. Mr. Knapp estimates, then there 
is no doubt that the same sum spent 
in the poor districts of our cities 
or in neglected rural districts would 
yield better results." And Mr. Knapp 
was all the while within four miles of 
the Globe office, and a single telephone 
call would have destroyed the founda- 
tion upon which that editorial paragraph 
was built ! 

Missionary lectureships have long 
been a feature of the curriculum of 
Foreign Mission. our theological semi- 
aad the Theological naries, and courses of 
Seminaries instruction in mission- 

ary history and method have more 
recently been developed in many of 
these ministerial schools. Two of our 
Congregational seminaries are now 
offering a larger service of their insti- 
tutions to the missionary cause. In 
connection with the appointment of 
Dr. Charles R. Brown as dean of Yale 
Divinity School, it is announced that 
one of its departments now to be ex- 
panded is that of missions, of which 
Dr. Harlan P. Beach is the competent 

Hartford Seminary has already issued 
a prospectus of a School of Missions, 
which is the expansion of its depart- 
ment of missions into a separate but 
affiliated graduate training school, to 
be opened next September, with Dr. 
Edward Warren Capen as organizing 
secretary and a board of instruction 
representing six denominations. This 
school also proposes to furnish the spe- 
cialized preparation demanded by mis- 
sionaries today, its courses including 

such subjects as history and philosophy 
of religion, sociology, psychology, peda- 
gogy, together with phonetics as the 
modem scientific avenue to greater 
efficiency in learning foreign languages. 
Needless to say, the officers and sap- 
porters of mission boards will welcome 
such provision for the better prepara- 
tion of those who go forth to mission- 
ary service in these freer and yet more 
testing times. 

Since the article "Snowed Under" 
was written, further news from Tur- 
key widens the field of 
AFrosenLand suffering and emphasizes 
its intensity. Mission- 
aries at Mardin report that upon the 
great plain of Mesopotamia to the 
south, over a territory covering 14,000 
square miles, for forty days there lay 
a vast and unyielding pall of snow. 
Not for a hundred years had there 
been any such mass of snow or pro- 
longed and bitter cold. Still farther 
south, in the mountains and the plains 
around Mosul, on the Tigris, it was 
reckoned that twenty-five per cent of 
the population, many of them nomad 
Yezidees living in tents, had succumbed 
to the cold and deep snow. Thirty per 
cent of the camels and cattle and ninety 
per cent of the sheep and goats also 
had perished. Some relief had been 
attempted in an unorganized way by 
Grovemment and the several religious 
communities; but inertia and incom- 
petence left it to the missionaries to 
take effective measures. Dr. Thom 
was chairman of the relief committee 
at Mardin, and after repeated visits 
to the officials succeeded in getting a 
gang of workmen, paid by the mission 
and operating under their direction, to 
break a road to the flour mill, nine 
miles 6ut, so that a daily load could be 
brought in to the partial relief of the 
famishing city. 

In the desperate straits into which 
the cities and towns of this wide region 
are plunged, appeal is made again to 
the generous-hearted in America for 
relief. The American Board will be 
glad to forward promptly funds sent 


Editorial Notes 


to its Treasurer; as always, they will 
be dispensed according to need and 
irrespective of race or religion. 


The Rhodetian Mission in South Af- 
rica is to receive much needed re-en- 
forcement in the persons 
^^^^" of Rev. and Mrs. John P. 
Dysart, who sailed from 
New York on April 1. Mr. Dysart was 
born in Granville, 111., his father being 
a former pastor there. He took a spe- 
cial course in agriculture besides the 
regular course in the University of 
Illinois, graduating from there in 1906. 
During his college days he attended the 
Lake Geneva Conferences and became 
a Student Volunteer ; and later entered 
Oberlin Theological Seminary, from 
which he was graduated last year. 
Highly esteemed by the faculties of 
these institutions with which he has 
been connected, Mr. Dysart goes to 
Rhodesia well fitted to aid in the indus- 
trial or evangelistic departments of 
service as need may determine. 

Mrs. Dysart, formerly Miss Bertha 
Fox, was born in Dodgeville, Wis., her 
father being pastor of the church there. 
She was graduated from Forrest (III.) 

High School and began a college course 
at Knox College, continuing it at Iowa 
College till her studies were inter- 
rupted by the death of her father. 
Later she taught in the public schools 
near her home, and also one year 
among the colored people at Meridian, 
Miss. It is expected that the mission 
will locate Mr. and Mrs. Dysart at Chi- 
kore, which has been vacant since the 
return to the United States of Dr. 
Wilder, except as the work has been 
kept in hand by Messrs. King or Orner 
from Mt. Silinda. These friends will be 
most cordially welcomed by our South 
Africa Mission, much depleted in both 
its branches. 

A LETTER lately come to the Board's 
Rooms was as gratifying to receive as 
it was gracious on the part 
M^Z^^ of its writer. It was from 
Secretary George Thomp- 
son, of the Foreign Mission of the 
Presbyterian Church in Ireland, and 
was dated at the Church House, Bel- 


fast, March 9, 1911. The gist of the 
communication lies in the following 
two sentences: "Our Dr. Gordon, tc 


Editorial Notes 


Kuanchen^rtzu, has been telling us so 
often of the invaluable assistance ren- 
dered by your Dr. Charles Young dur- 
ing the terrible time that Manchuria 
has been passing through, that we feel 
it to be a great joy to endeavor to ex- 
press to you some of the comfort it has 
given our hearts in Ireland to know 
that one with such high scientific skill 
was at the disposal of our brethren and 
sisters during such a trying time. Dr. 
Gordon, after a comradeship of service 
with your distinguished agent, has re- 
quested us to convey to you his and our 
gratitude that Grod has given to the 
need of Manchuria such splendid serv- 
ice as Dr. Young is so well fitted to 

The co-operation' and comradeship 
thus acknowledged are as much to be 
appreciated on the one side as on the 
other ; fresh evidence of the success of 
foreign missions in practically uniting 
the Christian Church on the fields afar, 
as its forces combine to meet a par- 
ticular need of time and place. While 
Christians in the West are discussing 
church unity, those in the East are 
practicing it. 

A TIMELY article in the March Cen- 
tury is by Dr. Edward A. Ross, pro- 
An Expert ^^^sor of sociology in the 
obsenrer's University of Wisconsin, on 
T«.timo>7 "Christianity in China," the 
first of three contributions to be made 
to this magazine by the author after 
an extended tour of study in China last 
year. Discriminating in its judgments 
and restrained in its encomiums. Pro- 
fessor Ross's article yet furnishes clear 
testimony that missionary work is a 
factor of high importance in the up- 
building of the Celestial Empire. All 
our readers should make- sure to see 
this significant utterance of a capable 
student of Chinese affairs. 

It is interesting to learn that Profes- 
sor Ross went to China with impartial 
mind toward the missionary enterprise ; 
having confidence in the personal char- 
acter of missionaries as he had known 
many of them, yet realizing that mis- 
takes may occur when men of one 

nationality seek to help those of an- 
other, and perplexed by the frequent 
criticisms of missionary work from 
merchants and travelers of repute. 
For the first part of his stay in the em- 
pire this student of its affairs was wary 
in his approaches to missionary centers, 
fearing to put himself under obliga- 
tion to men whose work he might 
afterwards have to criticise. As his 
acquaintance progressed, however, he 
declares that he began to associate 
freely with missionaries, "because their 
insight into Chinese life and character 
is far superior to that of the commercial 
people in the Treaty Ports." 

The article entitled, **The Ne^ Mis- 
sionary Outlook," by Herbert W. 

Horwill, in the April At- 
t^l^ l2!Sr ^^^^^'^ Monthly, while, in 

both form and substance, 
a review of the Reports of the World 
Missionary Conference, states so com- 
pactly, appreciatively, and withal so 
readably, the present situation of the 
foreign missionary enterprise as it ap- 
pears to its most capable and clear- 
sighted representatives, that it deserves 
reading by all who would keep abreast 
of the times and their significant affairs. 

One who has been an Honorary Mem- 
ber of the American Board for fifty-six 
years has just made a 

A Yearly AdTmnce gift tO ItS treaSUry of 

fifty-six dollars, or one 
dollar for each year of membership. 
He proposes next year to give fifty- 
seven dollars, so adding one dollar to 
his gift with each added year of his 
membership. If this habit should 
spread among the 3,000 or more whose 
names are on our list of Honorary 
Members, it would in itself furnish a 
very considerable annual increase in the 
receipts of the Board. And the finan- 
cial ability of many of these Honorary 
Members is expanding far more rapidly ; 
an annual advance of a dollar in their 
gifts to this Board would be a meager 
acknowledgment of the increase which 
the years are bringing them. Let each 
do according to his ability ! ■ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


By Rev. ROBERT E. HUME, ph.d.. Bombay 

The iHustratSona of this article 
&r« from pictured Becured hy Sec- 
retary Pattern and represent eev- 
era! North Indian t?p«»3 : the crafty 
anake charmer, the beieweled 
fiwceiier, the equattiiUE' emoker, 
the couk on the floor, and the bar- 
ber on the stMot —Tub Eiwtoe* 

AMONG the results 
of Christian influ- 
ence in India are 
some changes which can- 
not be classified under 
the Christian name, but 
which, partly at least, 
are the effeetB of the 
Christian missionary en- 
terprise, A few years 
ago it would have been 
rejected as almost incon- 
ceivable to forecast that 

T- X 

promoting edut^ation ; (2) 
providing work J (3) re- 
moving the social disabil- 
ities; (4) preaching to 
them the ideas of liberal 
religion, personal char- 
acter, and good citizen- 
ship/' Solely by volun- 
tary contributions it has 
fifteen secular schools, 
with over l,rKX> pupils, 
six Sunday schools, five 
Bhajan Samajcs (theistic 
c o ng r egati ons ) , f o o r In- 
dus trfal ins ti to tes , and 
seven missionaries. 

The '' Friends of India 
Society '* is another sig- 
nificant development in 

high caste Hindus would 
organize a "Mission to 
the Depressed Classes/' 
But such an organization 
in Bombay is now in its 
fifth year* It was organ- 
ized through the influ- 
ence of leaders in the 
Prarthana Samaj, liter- 
ally, the " Prayer Con- 
gr^ation," one of the 
reform movements within 
Hinduism. The purpose 
of this mission, as stated 
in ita constitution, is ** to 
seek to elevate the social 
as well as the spiritual 
condition of the depressed 
ctasa^ by means of (1) 

Foona. It prepares and 
sends out men for vari- * 
ous kinds of social serv- 
ice. At considerable self- 
sacrifice able Hindus are 
being attracted to this 
purely altruistic en- 
deavor. They boldly tell 
high caste audiences that 
in their efforts to serve 
their motherland they 
mingle with, and even 
eat with, low caste peo- 
ple. Yet they are not 
ostracized for this fla- 
grant breach of the old 
rigid caste rules. On the 
contrary, the sincerity of 
Lheir ©ipp^gy (S^Ojgae 

207 O 


Miss Maria Brooks Poole 


effectiveness of their service seem to 
arouse patriotic admiration. 

Still a third notable organization 
where caste and even religious distinc- 
tions are being overcome is the Seva 
Sadan, "Home of Service." This is 
what might be called a Social Settle- 
ment for Women. It was started, and 
is still maintained,, chiefly through the 
enthusiastic interest of two prominent 
Indian gentlemen, one a Hindu and one 
a Parsi. Here under the same roof, 
though in different domestic establish- 

ments, may be seen the remarkable 
but soul-refreshing sight of Hindu and 
Parsi young women being trained to- 
gether for nursing, teaching, home- 
visiting, and other forms of service. 

If our eyes are but open to the sig- 
nificance of the really revolutionary 
changes which are taking place in In- 
dian society, we can see that the spirit 
of unselfish, loving service which Jesus 
taught and embodied is making a 
powerful appeal and is winning a real 
response in India. 


A HEAVY blow has fallen upon the 
Eastern Turkey Mission by the 
sudden death at Harpoot of Miss 
Maria B. Poole. Miss Poole, who was 
born in New York City, June 8, 1875, 
entered upon missionary work less than 
six years ago. For nine years preced- 
ing she was stenographer to Dr. John R. 
Mott in the office of the International 
Committee of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association. Designated to Har- 
poot to enter into the work of those 
efficient laborers. Miss Harriet Seymour 


and Miss Caroline Bush, Miss Poole 
engaged with great energy and devo- 
tion in touring among the villages, 
especially in behalf of women, and in 
the care and training of the needy 
children in the orphanage. From 
a prolonged and successful tour last 
autumn she returned to Harpoot only 
to set out again two days before Christ- 
mas with Rev. J. K. Browne to meet 
an urgent call in another direction. 
During this winter tour she was taken 
sick and brought back by Dr. Atkinson 
to the new hospital, where, during 
convalescence, death came most unex- 
pectedly, February 2, through sudden 
collapse of the heart. 

Miss Poole had proved remarkably 
efficient in this work of touring and 
was greatly beloved by her associates as 
well as by those for whom she labored. 
Mr. Browne, with whom she had gone 
on many itineracies, writes: "We are 
stunned by this blow, coming so sud- 
denly and meaning so much to our 
entire work, especially at a time of such 
depleted forces. It is well-nigh impossi- 
ble to accept it as God's will. We only 
try to be dumb and open not our mouths, 
since He permitted it. We simply do 
not know how we can stagger along 
without her, so almost indispensable 
had she made herself here." 

Miss Poole's life on the mission field, 
though comparatively short, was so 
intense and self-sacrificing that it will 


The Day*8 Round in a Mission Settlement 


longr be remembered. Her hold upon 
the people was strikingly shown, as 
young: and old, from the villages, the 
orphanages, and the city of Harpoot, 
came to attend her funeral, on Feb- 
ruary 4, and to testify to their pro- 
found love for her. On the receipt in 
New York of the tidings of her death, 

several organizations in the Broadway 
Tabernacle, with which church she has 
been connected from childhood, and 
which had supported her while abroad, 
held memorial services expressive of 
love and admiration for their friend 
and of sorrow over the loss to those 
whom she was helping in both lands. 

The DA^'S 



By Miss ALICE P. ADAMS, of Okayama 

AT 5.30 A.M. the factory whistles in 
Okayama City blow louder than 
usual, as they must not only give 
notice to those who have been busy 

since 6 p.m. that their duties 

end and that they may go 
home for their needed sleep, 
but they must also rouse 
those who begin work at 
6 A.M. and are taking a last 
morning nap. 

The Hakuaikai (All Lov- 
ing) Mission Settlement is 
up and its Day Nursery 
open ready to receive the 
sleepy little tots brought on 
the backs of their mothers, 
who are hurrying off to the 
factory. Some are crying be- 
cause they have been taken 
out of warm beds; others, 
because they have so little 
clothing and are cold. The 
nursery mother receives 
them with a smile and tucks 
them into bed, where they 
are soon comforted and 
asleep again. 

At 6.30 a bell rings and the 
Settlement workers assem- 
ble at the Day Nursery for 
morning prayers before be- 
ginning the work of the 
day. As we separate for 

breakfast, we see a little girl, almost 
a baby herself, coming across the 
playground leading a child of two by 
the hand. He is crying lustily, " I am 


A view alonsr one of the streets of Hanabatake, which is the 
"slums" of Olcayama. It is from homes like these 
children come to the kindersrarten 

1 IS tne 

On the left is the school ; on the rifirht the missionary's home 

SO cold, I am so cold; I want to go 
home," and trying to pull away from 
his sister. She patiently urges him on, 
saying: "Let us hurry and get to the 
Day Nursery, where the teacher will 
malce you nice and warm. There isn't 
any one at home, you know, and I must 
soon go to school. Come on, little 
brother ! " Soon he also is made com- 
fortable and happy. 

A little later a new mother appears 
with a baby on her back and leading 
a little girl. She tells the story which 
we often hear: her husband was lazy 
and drank and would not support the 
family, and now has run away and 
left them. She has the two children 
with her to support, and an older one 
of seven years ; if these younger ones 
can be taken into the Day Nursery, she 
will try to find work. On being told 
that it will cost two cents a day for 
each child, she says she can't get more 
than six or eight cents a day at first, 
and can't possibly pay four out of it for 
the two children. As it seems a case of 
genuine need, she is told she may bring 
them both for two cents, which she is 


glad to do ; and, leaving the children^ 
she hurries off in her thin, ragged cloth- 
ing in search of work. Probably she 
has had little or nothing to eat that 
morning, but we know the children will 
be well fed while in the Day Nursery. 

Meanwhile breakfast has been served 
to the three or four patients in the 
Settlement Hospital, and the nurses 
are beginning the morning scrubbing 
of rooms and halls. Later the head 
nurse, who is also a Bible-woman, will 
go out to make calls in the homes of 
the out-patients. And I am now in the 
office looking over the morning mail 
and giving orders for the day. 

Another bell rings, and the children 
who have been in the playground for 
the last half hour form in line and 
march into the chapel for their morn- 
ing prayers. I have charge this morn- 
ing; come with me as I hurry over 
from the oflfice. More than sixty chil- 
dren, with their two Japanese teachers, 
have assembled. As this is a school of 
primary grade for the very poor, many 
of the children are stunted in growth ; 
often their clothes are scanty, dirty. 


The Day's Round in a Mission Settlemerit 


and ragged ; but most of them have 
bright, happy faces. The children all 


stand and bow good morning, and then 
sing "Jesus Loves Me** in Japanese. 
I give a short talk on stealing, with a 
story as application, a teaching often 
needed in the Settlement. The Junior 
Christian Endeavor boys and girls take 
turns in offering the closing prayer; 
this morning a bright boy ten years 
old makes a short but appropriate 
prayer, and the children file out and 
enter their schoolrooms. 

Behind the schoolrooms is a bath- 
room, and should you go there you 
would find a pleasant-faced old woman 
bustling about getting the large tank 
bath, which will take in six children at 
once, heated nearly to the boiling point 
for the childrfen soon to come. In the 
afternoon many women of the poorest 
class, with towels and soap, hurry 
through the grounds to have a good, 
hot bath, which they all love ; and this 
they can get twice a week at the 

The sewing school for the larger 
girls, where they learn to make their 
own clothes, has already commenced its 
session, all being seated on the floor. 
Some of the girls who worked the night 
before in the factory look very sleepy 

and will only stay two hours, while the 
others keep on till 3 P.M. 

When morning prayers at school are 
over I return to the office, where my 
Japanese assistant and the evangelist 
are waiting; for Monday forenoon is 
always given up to discussing questions 
connected with the work and making 
plans for the week. The talk is inter- 
rupted, first by a sick man who has 
come to put in his application for treat- 
ment in the dispensary of the Settle- 
ment, aiid second by a young man 
who, thinking the missionary has noth- 
ing to do, requests to be taught Eng- 
lish. Inquiries are carefully made into 
the first case, and the poor man is told 
he can see the doctor at 3 o'clock that 
afternoon ; the second applicant is dis- 
missed with a refusal, and the discus- 
sion continues, only to be interrupted 
again by some officials who have come 
to ask about the methods of Settlement 
work and some of its results. After 
these men have left, the talk continues, 
and a little before noon is closed with 


earnest prayers, for this work is with 
God and for God. digitized by GoOglc 


During lunch time we will take a 
peep at the children in the Day Nurs- 
ery. Their meal of soft-boiled rice and 
soup is in bowls on the table ; but be- 
fore they begin to eat, even the young- 
est shuts his eyes tight and bows his 
little head while the nursery mother 
thanks the Father who has provided 
this for them. Then they fall to and 
eat with a will, though the youngest* 
do not always get all the food into their 
mouths. A lunch of boiled sweet po- 
tatoes will be given them in the middle 
of the afternoon. 

After lunch I leave my assistant in 
the office and every other worker busy 
in his or her special department, and 
go to the Red Cross Nurses' School in 
the city to teach English for an hour. 
This teaching is done primarily for the 
help it brings to the dispensary finan- 
cially, but it also gives many oppor- 
tunities for Bible classes and other 
Christian work. By the time I return 
about forty patients are in the dispen- 
sary waiting room to see the doctor, 
a Japanese, who comes at 3 o'clock. 
The assistant goes over to see the new 
patients and make the proper records 
in regard to them, while the evangelist 


is reading the Bible with the patients 
who are in the hospital ward, and later 
will go out to make house to house 

Soon the Bible-woman comes in, and 
I go out with her to make calls on the 
women in their homes. Some of the 
women are experienced Christians, and 
others have only heard a little and are 
anxious for more ; and a few are in- 
different to Christianity, but pleased 
to have the missionary lady call. As 
we enter each house we tsJce off our 
shoes, and on going in sit on the soft 
mats with which the floor is covered. 
In the better homes tea and cakes are 
always served. I get back in time for 
a few words with the doctor, who is 
nearly through his work, and a little 
talk with some of the patients. 

The tired mothers just back from 
work are coming in for their babies in 
the Day Nursery, or perhaps the older 
brother or sister comes. There is usu- 
ally a cup of tea or a sweet potato for 
these weary people, to give them a little 

The afternoon has had its callers; 
one was a teacher in the city, who came 
with a poor^n^an^^n^l^^^l^whom 


Snowed Under 


she wanted us to take in and care for 
until he should learn to be a masseur, 
the blind man's trade, and so support 
himself. He is taken into the home, 
and we have one more to care for and 
pray for and lead to Christ. Another 
caller was a man out of work, who 
wanted we should find something for 
him to do. He was sent with a letter 
of introduction to a Christian in the 
city who makes it his business to help 
just such cases. Still another caller was 
a Japanese woman, beautifully dressed. 

who, being interested in charity work, 
came to see the Settlement and left a 

. After dinner I have a little time for 
study, and at 8.30 go to the night class 
in the sewing school, where I have a 
Bible class with the girls before they 
go home. They love to sing hymns, 
and nearly every girl has a hymn book 
of her own. 

At 9.30 the classes all close, and the 
Mission Settlement is quiet until the 
next morning. 


THE six weeks beginning with the 
middle of January were a season 
of terrific snows over practically 
all of Asiatic Turkey. Reports from 
important centers indicate that the 
territory occupied by the Board's three 
missions in that field were deluged 
with snow and frozen with col(J. The 
** oldest inhabitant'' at Marash (and 
he is there too) can remember nothing 
like it. The snowfall was over seven 
feet; 2,000 day laborers, from the 
Christian population alone, 
were without work for over 
a month, and relief meas- 
ures were necessitated. Mr. 
Macallum, who had planned 
to leave Marash on the ar- 
rival of the Goodsells, was 
held there, the roads were 
so impassable. 

At Aintab seven storms 
came in quick succession, ac- 
companied with intense cold. 
For sixty years there had 
been no such body of snow, 
and in the thirty-five years 
since records have been kept 
no such low temperature. 
Mails were interrupted and 
travel was abandoned. 

ensued for want of food and even more 
of fuel. The price of charcoal went up 
to from three to five cents a pound. 
Bakeshops were sometimes closed for 
lack of fuel. The wealthy cut down 
their trees; the poor burned their 
doors and furniture. Relief work was 
undertaken at once and generously, 
though it was hard to discover some of 
the neediest, who were unaccustomed 
to receive help and loath to aclaiowl- 
edge their condition. From Gregorian 


Note the drifts at the left of the picture 

Caravans stum- 
bled into the khans without their driv- 
ers, who had perished on the road. 
Wolves, desperate in their hunger, 
were repeatedly seen even in the neigh- 
borhood of the city. Great suffering 

churches, as well as evangelical, and 
from Mohammedans contributions have 
been made for the poor. The mission 
hospital gave out 500 pounds of char- 
coal in four days, at the rate of three 
and one-half pounds to a family once 
in five days. Digitized by Google 


Snowed Under 


At Bitlis the event was even more 
tragic. The city is as notable in Tur- 
key for its snowfall as is Northern New 
York State in this country. It now 
surpassed its record. For five days the 
snow piled up at the rate of three- 
fourths of an inch an hour. The total 
fall was eight feet ; the narrow streets 
were so filled with the shoveling from 
the flat roofs, that it was common to 
look into second story windows as one 
walked along. Here also conditions of 
interrupted travel and of suffering for 
food and fuel became intense. A spe- 
cial danger confronting Bitlis was the 
high, cone-like sentinel mountain over- 
hanging the city. On its top are the 
ruins of what in ancient times was a 
watch tower ; but the peak has been 
rather a menace to the welfare of the 
people, as it has repeatedly shaken 
down upon them its burden of snow. 
Despite the timely Warnings of the act- 
ing governor, the city authorities took 
no precautionary measures, and during 
the third night of the storm a torrent 
of snow, like the waters of a freshet, 
began to descend upon the ill-fated city. 

Solid stone houses were swept before 
it, and their inmates buried under the 
white cloud. Fifteen lives were lost, 
six persons injured, and only two chil- 
dren miraculously escaped unharmed. 
The shock of this catastrophe did not 
rouse the officials from their inertia. 
Soldiers and workmen sent to the scene 
stood in stolid dismay. Mr. Knapp, 
who reports these facts, says that it 
was at last by the vigorous protest of 
the Protestant pastor that the govern- 
ment was roused to action. The heed- 
less officials were dismissed, squads of 
soldiers were set to work opening roads 
and clearing and protecting houses, 
and fully 200 soldiers were sent up the 
mountainside to tread down and shovel 
away the snow that threatened another 

The impoverishment which these bliz- 
zards entailed over wide regions and 
to multitudes of sufferers, and which 
prompted a chorus of appeals for help, 
telegraphed from almost every mission 
station of the interior, makes one more 
call of the East upon the compassion of 
the more favored West. 

The building in the foreground is an ancient castle ; not one of the demolished houses 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


AT last reliable tidings are sup- 
planting the first excited and con- 
flicting reports from the plague- 
stricken regionsof Manchuria and North 
China. The London Times* special cor- 
respondent, presumably Dr. Morrison, 
writing from Harbin, March 8, reveals 
the source of the plague and describes 
its manner and path of progress. 

It began with the marmot or tar- 
bagan, a small rodent lately brought 
into commercial importance as the skill 
of Euroj)e has been able to convert its 
fur into imitation marten and sable. 
For many years the pneumonic type of 
the plague, which attacks the respira- 
tory rather than the digestive organs, 
has been endemic among these animals. 
With the increasing demand for furs, 
untrained Chinese hunters appeared 
who quickly became infected. Appar- 
ently the germs are not carried in the 
air or transmitted through food, but 
only through direct contagion; even 
so, the pest is appallingly prevailing 
and malignant. A missionary writing 
from Peking, February 25, declared not 
a single recovery had been reported. 
Others speak of three or four per cent 
of cures. 

By February 20, 10,000 deaths had 
occurred in Manchuria ; entire families 
were wiped out. The disease is often 
fatal in a few hours, at longest in a 
few days. The majority of its victims 
suffer little discomfort until the last 
three or four hours. They are about, 
laughing, talking, eating, till the last 
stage appears, when death comes sud- 
denly ; then they fall in the street or in 
their houses. In the terror of the time, 
and with the ground solidly frozen, the 
dead were often left unburied and even 
unremoved. The sights in the afflicted 
cities were too horrible to relate ; noth- 
ing like it has been known since the 
days of the ** black death" in Europe. 

The earliest appearance of the plague 
was in October at Manchouli, the first 
station on the Chinese side of the Rus- 
sian border. Thence it spread along 
the line of the railway to Harbin and 

Mukden. Overcrowding of inns with 
hunters and coolies returning south 
after their season's work furnished 
hotbeds of infection. The Russian au- 
thorities promptly sought to stop the 
epidemic by rigorous quarantine and 


other preventive measures ; the Chinese 
authorities, on the other hand, were woe- 
fully inefficient and even obstructive. 
At Harbin, dozing over their opium 
pipes and jealous of any interference, 
they suffered the plague to spread over 
the city while they sent false reports to 
Peking. Though the plague was run- 
ning unchecked, without a single case of 
recovery, the imperial government was 
informed that 500 cases had been cured 
by Chinese doctors through their native 
medicines and treatments^ 

With such disregard of quarantine or 
regulative measures, it was inevitable 
the disease should be carried southward 
from Manchuria. Happily, in Chihl|^ 

216 J 


The Imperiling Plague 


a different temper prevailed. There 
the officials cordially co-operated with 
the foreign physicians and missionary 
agencies and wiser measures prevailed. 
It was at the Union Medical College 
that the Wai wu Pu (Board of Foreign 
Control) met for consultation with the 
Peking physicians, and through this 
medical school that the government 
ordered a large part of its preventive 
medicines. By such united and intelli- 
gent action the course of the plague 
has so far been stayed. It has been 
found that by careful inspection, rigor- 

The noBe piece is of wire, with medicated cotton inside 

ous isolation of exposed and infected 
persons, and by scientific vaccination, 
the spread of the pest can be prevented. 
So that while cases have appeared in 
the fields of all the stations in Chihli, 
and even beyond in Shantung, epi- 
demic conditions have been generally 
prevented and the wild alarm has been 
quieted. Missionary companies, observ- 
ing a more or less strict quarantine and 
conforming their lines of work to the 

exigencies of the situation, have not 
been excessively disturbed by the prox- 
imity of the disease. 

The blessing to China of the presence 
and devotion of the missionaries, and in 
particular of the missionary physicians, 
in this emergency hardly needs to be 
remarked. It is recognized of all. 
High officials have already testified to 
their gratitude. And the service of 
missionary physicians has not been re- 
stricted to their own region. Both 
medical missionaries and medical stu- 
dents from the college and city have 
gone north from Peking to help fight 
the plague. Three doctors from the 
college have been helping thirty Chinese 
doctors at Harbin and have accom- 
plished wonders there. Dr. Charles W. 
Young is the only one of the Board's 
medical missionaries who could thus go 
for service in the north. In answer to 
the appeal of the Irish Presbyterian Mis- 
sion to the British minister in Peking 
for some one to help the twelve Chinese 
physicians in Chang Chun, a city of 
about one hundred thousand inhabi- 
tants, where the deaths had been at the 
rate of over a hundred a day. Dr. Young 
left Peking on the 27th of January to 
take general charge of the work. His 
special duties were to advise the au- 
thorities as to measures to stamp out 
the plague and to make the vaccine in 
the little laboratory he set up with 
apparatus brought from Peking. The 
value of his service is sufficiently at- 
tested in one of the Editorial Notes. 

From all quarters the good news is 
reported that the plague seems to be 
abating. Certainly where strict meas- 
ures are employed it is rapidly checked. 
With proper handling at every point 
where it appears it could be stamped 
out. But the fear is general and seri- 
ous that, unless drastic restrictions be 
put upon the exodus of coolies as spring 
work opens, North China will still be 
plague-swept. And there is a further 
fear that with the coming of the warm 
weather the bubonic type of plague 
may follow and still further devastate 
the land, especially the regions akeady 
depopulated by famiQ^oOQlc 


The month shows a loss of $3,136 
plus one odd cent. Surely that is tares 
enough, and the verse follows, if we 
remember rightly, "An enemy hath 
done this thing.*' Good grain was 
there, too, if it could be separated, and 
here it is in the fact that the gifts 
from churches have increased $1,500 
over March, 1910. Every other item 
shows a loss— $2,120 from individuals, 
$385 from the young people, $1,654 
from legacies, $500 from conditional 
gifts; but we would all rather see 
an increase in the column headed 
"churches" than in any other. 

Please remember the diagram pub- 
lished last month in thinking of the 
Board's situation. We are really be- 
hind our schedule at this time of the 
year, despite the fact that we are 
somewhat ahead of last year's receipts. 
This month is the turn of the tide. 
Gifts should increase in every line from 

now until July if the churches and 
friends mean this work to advance. 

There has never been a year when 
the longing to see an increase in the 
gifts from churches has been more in- 
sistent or widespread. Not only be- 
cause the Board's treasury must receive 
these increasing gifts to clear the year, 
but more particularly because we are 
trusting the Apportionment Plan, and 
even behind that the great spirit of 
denominational loyalty, to produce re- 
sults in 1911. The whole denomination 
is committed to the success of this 
plan. The details and difficulties may 
yet be successfully corrected, but if 
we fail here how can we ever hope to 
succeed in any great united effort for 
advance ? Few are the negative voices ; 
many are those which say that success 
is within sight. We watch for its com- 
ing with eagerness. Surely the churches 
wish this work to go forward. 

Rbobipts Available fob Rbgular Appropriations 


1 From 
From I S. S. and 
Individuals ; y. P.S. 
1 C. E. 



Century Fund 

and Legacies 





from Funds 













$886.29 #1,654.68 



For Sbvbn Months to March 81 



















Home Department 




Until the figures were at hand for 
the church offerings of 1910 it was 
impossible to reckon how much in- 
creased interest was aroused in cities 
where the Laymen's Movement held 
their conventions. It was apparent in 
every city that the earnestness of men 
had been stirred, and that at least an 
opportunity was given to every church 
to increase its gifts. The figures show 
greater increases than the most en- 
thusiastic had supposed possible. It is, 
in fact, a very remarkable exhibit. 

In sixteen cities examined, including 
166 Congregational churches, the gifts 
of 1910 are 208 per cent of the gifts of 
1909. Taking the general average for 
this group of churches the INCREASE 
made in 1910 was eight percent more 
than the total gifts in 1909. The Lay- 
men's Movement in many cities aimed 
at a doubling of gifts. One hundred 
and sixty-six Congregational churches 
have done that and more. 

It is a peculiar pleasure to record the 
fact, becSause in many places the Con- 
gregationalists were a little more con- 
servative than others in the results 
they voted. They frequently declined 
to set definite figures of what they 
would attempt to do, yet without so 
loud a band nor such glittering ban- 
ners we are none the less, if we may 
use the phrase, "delivering the goods." 

We must make a careful analysis of 
the situation in each city, and must 
beware of generalizations if we would 
make right use of these figures. It 
would be impossible to say that this 
great gain is attributable to the Lay- 
men's Movement alone, because in 
many cities there was distrust of the 
particular appeal of the movement and 
great enthusiasm for the Apportion- 
ment Plan. 

On the other hand, we cannot say 
that the greatest share of the credit 
belongs to the Apportionment Plan, for 
increases in other cities are not as great 
as these in cities touched by the Lay- 

men's Movement. Then, too, in some 
instances gifts which were actually sent 
to the treasury in 1911 have been 
counted on the 1910 ]i)udget at the 
special request of the churches, since 
the money was raised in 1910 and for 
the 1910 apportionment. This correc- 
tion will account for about eight per 
cent, so we may safely say that the 
Congregational churches in these cities 
have doubled their offerings, and that 
the credit of it must be divided be- 
tween the Laymen's Movement and the 
Apportionment Plan. Of course neither 
of these agencies achieved the results 
entirely without the aid of the Board, 
for the secretaries and missionaries 
were traveling far and wide to attend 
these conventions and to lay the appeal 
strongly before the groups of men 
gathered to hear the message. 

Glancing through the list several of 
the cities stand out as marked instances 
of what a campaign can accomplish. 
The five churches of Buffalo record a 
gain of 231 per cent ; the fifty churches 
of Chicago increased their gifts 113 
per cent; the thirteen churches of 
Worcester and the eight churches of 
Portland, Me., centers of Congrega- 
tionalism, show increases of 125 per 
cent and 123 per cent, respectively, 
though a large fraction of the gain is 
attributable in each case to a single 
church. The prize should go to Wichita, 
Kan., with an increase of 4,400 per 
cent ; but one of those churches was 
organized only last year, so that its un- 
usually large gift is clear gain in 1910, 
and in addition is due in large part to 
the interest of one individual of wealth 
and consecration ; but such a church 
deserves greatest credit for a gift of 
$600 in the first year of its organized 
life. Denver and St. Louis, with twelve 
churches each, averaged over 140 per 
cent of increase, while two cities es- 
tablished an infinite ratio of increase 
from nothing to $54 and $345, respec- 
tively. The moral of such a group of 
figures is not far to seek. Campaigns 
pay, provided there is not a strong 
reaction afterwards. 

Here is a list of the cities examined : — 


Home Department 









Portland, Me. 






Burlington, Vt. 






Worcester, Mass. 






Providence, R. I. 






Buffalo, N. Y. 






Cleveland, 0. 






Cincinnati, 0. 






Chicago, ni. 






Moline, 111. 






Lincoln, Neb. 






Omaha, Neb. 






Wichita, Kan. 






Oklahoma City, Okl. 





Kansas City, Mo. 






St. Louis, Mo. 






Denver, Col. 






Boise, Ida. 





Portland, Ore. 











The Board's income as a whole in- 
creased $57,000. Here are sixteen 
cities which accounted for $20,000 of it. 
If all the cities touched by the Lay- 
men's Movement were examined, it 
mi^rht be found that between thirty 
and forty thousand dollars was thus 
accounted for. Much of the remaining 
fraction was due to the love and devo- 
tion of individuals for the Board's 
work in answer to the special appeal 
addressed to individuals in August, 
1910. The one definite conviction left 
in mind by this study of figures is this, 
"It pays to start a campaign for the 
Apportionment Plan in every church." 
"A few remarks" accomplish little, 
but real interest and devotion may be 
stirred by setting the signals for a 
clear track straight ahead for the 

The Board has taken a leading part 
throughout the denomination in work- 
ing for the Apportionment Plan as a 
wise, safe method of gradual increase 
in denominational benevolences; and 
we do not believe that the results of 
last year will bring any reaction, but 
rather a steady and gradual improve- 

There is not space this month to 
mention the individual churches which 

have made the greatest increases, but 
these names must be singled out and 
if i)ossible the secret of their success 
must be discovered. What they have 
done many other churches can do. It 
is safe to assume that the secret lies 
in a united and enthusiastic campaign 
led by the pastor and helped by all the 
leading members. 


The Seven Societies, with the co-oper- 
ation of the Woman's Boards, have put 
out two leaflets this month. ** Behold 
how pleasant a thing it is to dwell in 
unity." The platform for these united 
efforts is naturally the Apportionment 
Plan. The first leaflet is tiie new edi- 
tion of the joint-society-pamphlet. It 
undertakes to tell in the fewest possible 
words for what each society stands, 
what the apportionment is, and how 
the apportionment may be raised in 
every church. If possible, each pas- 
tor, church officer, and Sunday school 
superintendent should make use of the 

The other leaflet covers new ground. 
It is an attempt to present the appeal 
of all the denominational interests to 
the Sunday schools. Under the title, 
"Our Sunday Schools' Share in the[c 


Home Department 


Kingdom," it is pointed out that in one 
denomination $1,000,000 is raised annu- 
ally from the Sunday schools, that in 
another $140,000 is raised through mite 
boxes alone, while in a third $100,000 
is given on a single Sunday as a climax 
of an educational campaign, while our 
own figures are far behind. It is sug- 
gested that the year be divided into 
periods, and. that brief programs or 
instruction in the classes be given on 
each one of the societies in turn, while 
the offerings may also be centered upon 
a definite object in connection with 
each society for the same period. 


Those who have been in closest touch 
with it are ready to testify that it is a 
masterpiece of organization under the 
hand of Mr. Gardner, that it has ex- 
hausted every possibility in these days 
of preparation of interesting large 
numbers of volunteer workers. All of 
us near Boston have done but little else 
for the last few months. It is confi- 
dently hoped that the attendance will 
surpass all expectations, that the guar- 
antee fund can be repaid in full, and 
that a substantial profit will accrue for 
the expenses of future expositions. 

We invite you to come to the ** De- 
nominational Headquarters," where we 
have a tiny booth for Congregational 
friends. There you will find pamphlets, 
plans, methods, literature, and more 
suggestions than you can carry out in a 
year's time in your educational work. 
We also have in print a leaflet entitled, 
"The American Board at the Exposi- 
tion." We will be glad to send this to 
churches who are near Boston whose 
members wish to attend. It shows 
where the exhibits most interesting to 
Ck)ngregationalists may be found. We 
bespeak the earnest prayers of every 
friend of missions and in every prayer 
meeting during the sessions of the 
exposition that this great work may 
be a spiritual and educational success 
beyond our dreams. 

Make an appointment at Headquar- 
ters to discuss new plans and methods. 


[See Oalendar of Prayer in the American Board 
Almanac for 19U] 



IM Miasioaariee l.«72 NatiT* 

lU ChnrdMs. with 16,M6 MeBbera 
29.583 anderlaatnictioB . 2Collicca 
4 Theological Semiaariea 

This group of three missions in 
India and Ceylon, for which we are 
asked to pray especially this month, is 
the largest of our eleven groups ; hav- 
ing about one-sixth of all our mission- 
aries, one-fifth of all our churches, and 
over one-fourth the number of com- 
municants, with a little more than one- 
third the number of all pupils under 
instruction. Its very magnitude ap- 
peals to us. The Marathi and Ceylon 
Missions were the two earliest opened 
by our Board. Here were our first ex- 
periments in attempting to reach the 
pagan world. 

In India and its dependencies is one- 
fifth the population of our globe ; this 
region a hundred years ago was abso- 
lutely untouched by the light of the 
gospel. The successes that have at- 
tended mission work in the empire 
within the century, and most notably 
within the last score of years, are borne 
witness to by unprejudiced observers 
without number. India, while still un- 
der bondage to Hinduism and Moham- 
medanism, is feeling the uplift of a 
purer and conquering faith. The caste 
grip is surely lessening; superstition 
and cruelties are lessening. The name 
of Jesus Christ is reverenced by mul- 
titudes who do not ally themselves 
with the church, and the outlook for 
our missions in thi«' " '=»gien was never 
brigher than tou^. Our prayers 
should be stimulated by our reflection 
upon the vastness of the field ; the large 
forces enlisted ; the successes that have 
attended the work; -the removal in a 
good degree of obstacles; and the 
growing conviction among the follow- 
ers of the ancient faiths that these 
faiths must ultimately pass away. In- 
dia belongs to Christ.^^ qqq[^ 



A New Commerce 
By Secretary JAMES L. BARTON 

MISSIONARIES do not engage in 
commerce, and to increase trade 
is not part of their commission. 
Often the argument is used that for- 
eign missions should be supported since 
t}ie work of the missionaries is of such 
value in promoting trade. The twelve 
million dollars' worth of goods pur- 
chased last year from the United States 
by the Hawaiian Islands, and the twenty- 
seven million dollars' worth sold to the 
United States by Hawaii, are facts 
often employed to show the commer- 
cial value of the missionary enterprise 
that opened up these islands to the 
world. The impression is too fre- 
quently left that one of the chief pur- 
poses of the missionary is to develop 
commercial relations between Christian 
countries and pagan lands. This is an 
error. At the same time all must ac- 
knowledge that as rapidly as the East 
opens to Christian ideas and Christian 
enlightenment, it demands and procures 
in an increasing measure the manufac- 
tured products of Christian countries. 

It is impossible even to think of a 
people who have lived for centuries in 
an unsanitary and backward state not 
taking to soap, kerosene, and sewing 
machines as soon as the fruits of Chris- 
tian civilization begin to appear. It 
would be well worth while for the soap 
manufacturers of Christendom to com- 
bine for the support of the Christian 
missionaries because of the impetus 
they give to the soap business. 

It is a fact of mission as well as of 
conmiercial history, that the merchant 
follows hard after the missionary wher- 
ever he goes ; for the intelligent trad- 

ers know well that the missionary cre- 
ates conditions favorable to selling 
legitimate trade products. There are 
few regions of Asia into which the 
missionaries have gone where the sew- 
ing machine also has not penetrated. 
Today hundreds of thousands of ma- 
chines are at work sewing seams that 
in more ways than one unite the Blast 
and the West. 

The missionaries introduce the print- 
ing press, books, and schools, and at 
once there follows a demand for better 
lighted homes. Trade, alert to its op- 
portunities, sends the kerosene lamp 
and cases of oil up the rivers, across 
the mountains on camels, horses, and 
donkeys, even upon the heads of men, 
until the products of Standard Oil 
and other companies are provided by 
the pint, gallon, or case to the hum- 
blest peasant of Kurdistan and the 
yamen of the mandarin in the most 
remote region of the Chinese empire. 

The introduction of the art of print- 
ing into the East and its wide and rapid 
use by all of the awakening races have 
created a demand for all kinds of print- 
ing supplies, from large power presses 
to type and paper. It is now possible 
to purchase products of Asiatic printing 
establishments in American and Euro- 
pean markets, and many a periodical 
issued regularly from these presses cir- 
culates widely in those countries which 
first sent out the missionaries. 

As Western education gains headway 
among flastem peoples, invariably there 
follows a tendency to assume what is 
called "European" dress. This is es- 
pecially true of the educated and officmU 

Digitized by 221 \^^ 


One ^need not search far in 
the grreat Eastern cities to find stores 
in which European and American mate- 
rial for clothing can be purchased, 
while American shoes are rapidly walk- 
ing their way around the world in the 
paths opened by the missionaries. 

Not long since a German professor 
who had traveled widely in Asia Minor 
wrote an article in which he tool his 
country severely to task for permit ing 
Turkey to be occupied by American 
missionaries rather than by Germans, 
on the ground that since the attention 
of the natives had been turned to the 
United States through the missionaries, 
their schoolmasters, and friends, they 
naturally purchase their foreign-made 
goods from the country that gave them 
their education. His contention was 
that, in the interests of commerce 
alone, Germany ought to take an active 
part in missionary work in Turkey. 
As an illustration of the above position 
is the fact that within a few weeks a 
native graduate of an American college 
in Turkey, now Minister of Agriculture 
in one of the most prosperous and 
progressive agricultural states in Tur- 
key, has been put into correspondence 
by the Secretary of this Board with 
two of the leading manufacturers of 
agricultural implements in the United 

The conunercial opening of Africa is 
in itself a marvelous story of mission- 
ary endeavor and trade development. 
In 1857 Livingstone said in Cambridge 
University, " I go back to Africa to try 
to make an open path for commerce 
and Christianity." At the present 
time Livingstone's own haunt, Blantyre, 
has become the commercial center of 
British West Africa, and the mission- 

aries are training the natives in indus- 
trial habits and business enterprise. 
In 1839 African natives, whom the mis- 
sionaries of the Church Missionary So- 
ciety had rescued from slavery, pur- 
chased an old slave ship and opened 
up a flourishing trade along the west 
littoral ; foreign commerce quickly fol- 
lowed. The trade of America with 
Africa in agricultural implements is 
almost wholly in those sections where 
missionaries are laboring. 

One does not need to turn back the 
pages of history far to arrive at the 
point when no trader dared to land 
upon the Fiji Islands, and reports of 
the world's commerce made no allusion 
to them. Today the population of 
those 200 islands is only about 125,000. 
of whom nearly one hundred thousand 
are regular attendants upon Christian 
church services. It is an interesting 
fact that these islands, rescued from 
savagery by missionaries, have within 
a century taken their place in the com- 
mercial columns of the Statesman's 
Year-Book as both producers and con- 
sumers. The total foreign trade of the 
group, according to the last obtainable 
figures, was valued at over six million 
dollars for the year, of which one-half 
was for goods purchased abroad. Did 
it pay commercially to Christianize the 
Fiji Islands? Hundreds of similar 
illustrations could be given did space 

Among the principles which mission- 
aries promulgate that are of special 
value to Western commerce we may 
name six : — 

1. Missionary teaching creates new 
material needs and desires that the 
people, as they are able, will endeavor 
to gratify. 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 


Field Notes 


2. Christian communities are char- 
acterized by unusual enterprise and 
thrift and are better able to gratify 
their new ambitions and to become 
purchasers of Western products. The 
first savings bank in India was estab- 
lished by missionaries and was patron- 
ized chiefly by Christians. 

3. The presence of missionaries and 
their institutions and the creation of 
a new order of society through Western 
education have favorably predisposed 
the native peoples toward the Western 
merchant. This is notoriously true if 
the merchant comes from the same 
country as the missionary and is him- 
self in sympathy with Christianity. 

4. Missionaries teach the value of 
integrity and commercial honesty, thus 
laying among the people themselves the 
foundation for permanent trade rela- 
tions with the West. The Minister of 
Foreign Affairs in Japan once remarked 
to a representative of a large American 
mission bjard that the merchants of 
his country were in grave need of Chris- 
tian instruction in the necessity of strict 
honesty in their dealings with foreign 

5. Missionaries have opened com- 
mercial schools and commercial depart- 
ments in their colleges, in which the 
youth of the various Ektstem coun- 
tries are given a business education. 
This is true of all the American col- 
leges in Turkey, as well as of many 
similar schools in India, Ceylon, Japan, 
China, South America, aiid Mexico. 
Affiliated societies of a missionary char- 

acter have been formed to promote 
industrial and commercial progress 
among native peoples. 

6. The missionaries have introduced 
to one another men of widely scattered 
races. Some of these have needs to 
be supplied, while others have goods 
to sell. International trade and com- 
merce inevitably and naturally result 
from such an introduction. The mis- 
sionary would indeed be short-sighted 
who attempted to prevent it, and he 
would soon learn his impotence should 
he make the endeavor. 

The following quotation from the late 
Hon. Charles Denby, United States min- 
ister to China, may appropriately close 
this brief survey of a broad subject : — 

"It must be admitted that civiliza- 
tion promotes trade, that the more 
a nation becomes civilized, the greater 
are the wants of the people. Then if 
the missionary promotes civilization, he 
also promotes trade. When he opens 
a school, he opens a market. Inspired 
by Christian zeal, he goes to countries 
that were never trod by the merchant's 
foot; but the 'drummer' follows on 
behind, and soon our textiles, our iron, 
our flour, our coal oil, and many other 
things are regularly bought by eager 
customers. To the missionary all these 
results are subsidiary to his purpose. 
His supreme object is to convert the 
heathen ; and the college, the school, 
the doctors, and the charity are but 
means toward this end ; but they are 
noble means in which even the infldel 
and the unbeliever may well take part." 


An Honor for the Doshieha 

(Japan FUld) 

The Doshisha is rejoicing over the 
fact that one of its students came out 
first in a recent oratorical contest in 
which many of the leading schools in 
the countiy were represented. The 
winner's oration was upon Joseph Nees- 
ima, and one of its most effective 
moments was when he described the 

way in which Dr. Neesima punished 
himself when his students had done 
wrong. That story made a deep im- 
pression on the Japanese. Dr. Otis 
Cary, in reporting this piece of news, 
recalls the fact that some years ago 
Joseph Cook when lecturing on the 
atonement used as an illustration a 
similar act on the part of Bronson 
Alcott, which Dr. Washington Gladde|][^ 


Field Notes 


straightway challenged as not calcu- 
lated to have a good effect on the 
pupils. " But," adds Dr. Gary, ** what- 
ever may be said about it as an illus- 
tration of the atonement, the Doshisha 
students and others in this country are 
deeply moved when they hear the story 
of Neesima's self-punishment." 

In BMicg^ Chihuahoa 
(Mexican Field) 

Later word (March 29) from the mis- 
sionaries shut in Chihuahua during the 
long siege of that city reported that, 
as at first, mission work could go on 
with but little interruption. The school 
found it impossible to collect more than 
a third of the tuition due, and it was 
feared it might be necessary to close a 
month earlier to avoid debt. Attend- 
ance at church service was naturally 
reduced and contributions had fallen 
off heavily; but the church spirit was 
excellent and courage still good. The 
missionaries were entirely cut off from 
communication with the Guerrero field ; 
no word had been heard from Mr. Case 
for over two months. 

The massing of American troops on 
the border was not having just its an- 
ticipated effect in increasing the safety 
of Americans in the disturbed region. 
Whereas both parties in the conflict 
had heretofore been friendly to Amer- 
icans, the appearance of these troops 
was prompting some ugly threats, that 
if they crossed the border American 
residents would pay 
for it. The prospect 
of a change of cab- 
inet also did not 


give much encouragement of peace; 
the insurgents would not be satisfied 
till President Diaz should resign. 
Within the city were many sympathiz- 
ers with the rebel forces, and active 
preparations were being made to aid 
them in case they made attack. 

As time goes on it becomes clearer 
that the conflict is a sign of progress on 
the part of the Mexicans. Masses of 
the people are awakening both intel- 
lectually and morally, and are no longer 
willing to be governed like children. 
It is to be recognized also that the 
Protestants figure largely in this move- 
ment; here as elsewhere Protestant- 
ism inevitably promotes the desire for 
liberty, justice, and a good measure of 
self-government. The prayers of every 
little flock in Mexico are rising to God 
for the Patria ; it seems that the strug- 
gle must make for the advancement of 
the kingdom. Some of the people are 
paying very dear for their patriotism ; 
one woman lost her three sons in one 
day, yet her faith is unshaken. If 
change must come in this way, it is 
good to believe it will make for a 
better Mexico. 

Edaeatioiul Adhnuee In JsAm 


Dr. York, of Jaffna College, feeling 
the need of inculcating among the 
teachers of Ceylon more of the modem 
principles of teaching, started a move- 
ment which has developed into what is 
called the Jaffna 
Teachers* Institute, 
a sort of teachers' 
meeting association. 


J*p^ by Google 


Fidd Notes 


At the outset it included the English- 
£i)eaking teachers of the Board's mis- 
sion and a few others, but it is hoped 
it will eventually cover all Jaffna and 
reach even the vernacular teachers. 
The object of this association as defined 
in its constitution is to raise the quality 
and efficiency of the teaching in Jaffna ; 
and the immediate success of the move- 
ment is indicated by a deepening in- 
terest in its meetings. By its appeal 
to the students in Jaffna College and 
its widening stimulus to the educa- 
tional life and interest of those who 
are to be leaders of their people, it 
marks a new era in the educational 
development of Northern Ceylon. 

(Shtrapmn Turh^w FHskO 

A message from Mr. Haskell, of Sa- 
lonica, to Mr. Peet at Constantinople, 
printed in Tfce Orient of March 1, sup- 
plements a letter of his published in 
last month's Missionary Herald as it 
shows that the quickened zeal in the 
Strunmitza district is resulting in many 
additions to the churches. A tour of 
several weeks through the region was 
most rewarding. At one village, Kole- 
shino, where the Evangelical Church 
building was burned in the revolution- 
ary outbreak of November, 1908, Mr. 
Haskell had the privilege of receiving 
twenty-seven communicants on confes- 
sion, increasing the membership in a 
day by more than one hundred per 
cent. Vo such number it is believed 
were ever before gathered into the 
church on a single occasion in the his- 
tory of the European Turkey Mission. 
One of the men accused of burning the 
former church building was received, 
together with his mother. Religion is 
now a common topic of conversation on 
the streets and in the shops and homes. 
In this village the Protestant com- 
munity has increased within two years 
from twenty or thirty to 100. 

In another village in the same district 
tiie church was usually packed during 
a nine days* series of services, and four- 
teen were found to be seeking the new 
way of life. The years of revolution 

in this region were years of spiritual 
drought; the people feel themselves 
now to be coming to their senses, and 
to the missionary there is a sound as of 
coming " showers of blessing." 

A New PMtor at Bo«kitj 


Since the resignation nearly two 
years ago of Rev. Tukaram Nathoji, 
the veteran pastor of the First Church 
in Bombay, that church has been with- 
out a settled minister. Despite the aid 
of its ordained members and a few of 
the missionaries, like pastorless churches 
in this country, it has become some- 
what disorganized and suffered a fall- 
ing off in its receipts. But March 4 
a new pastor was installed. Rev. John 
Malelu, a graduate of mission schools, 
pastor for a few years in Roha, with a 
record of evangelistic work in North 
India, and more lately experience as 
superintendent and teacher in the Little 
Boys' Home at Bombay. The installa- 
tion services were conducted by native 
Indian Christians from the churches 
forming the council ; Secretary Patton 
being present as a guest was invited to 
participate in the exercises. One fea- 
ture of the occasion was the greetings 
from churches connected with other 
missions, the United Free Church of 
Scotland, and the Church Missionary So- 
ciety of England ; another was the fine 
music, such hymns as "The Church's 
One Foundation " and ** O Mother dear, 
Jerusalem," being sung in processional 
and recessional by a choir of high 
school boys and girls. Other hymns 
composed by members of the church 
were sung in native style. May the 
coming of the new pastor to this his- 
toric church open to it an era of yet 
greater efficiency in its important lo- 
cation in the midst of a great city 
population ! 

A Fatal Epidemic at Naani 

(Micron^nan Field) 

The tenth annual report of the Nauru 
Mission, just received from Mr. Dela- 
porte, records the jfact that 1910 was 
a sad year for the little island. Dea||^ 


Field Notes 


and drought wrought havoc among its 
people. During the short space of 
three weeks in January and February 
forty-two young men and women died 
of an epidemic influenza, complicated 
with a form of neuritis. 

One Sunday morning the church bells 
could not call the people to worship, as 
the sad task of five burials preoccupied 
the day. Besides sorrow over the un- 
timely deaths, there has been the dis- 
tress of seeing the pitiful state of many 
who remain paralyzed as a result of the 
disease. A drought which had lasted 
for,nearly three years accounted in part 
for the sad record, as lack of food and 
proper care increased the number of 
deaths. Among the 400 well cared for 
laborers of the Phosphate Company 
not a single death occurred. 

The cloud had its silver lining. Hono- 
lulu friends furnished cement and other 
material for two large cisterns, so that 
an abundant supply of water can hence- 
forth be kept on hand. Generous gifts 
of rice, one of half a ton from Chinese 
friends and another from Central 
Union Church, Honolulu, which sus- 
tains this mission, helped at length to 
relieve the distress of famine. The 
Honolulu church certainly is a stanch 
friend of this work on Nauru. The re- 
port closes with the forecast of brighter 
days. Rains had come ; the island was 
looking greener than for a long time ; 
a good cocoanut harvest was antici- 
pated; despite burdens and interrup- 
tions, the work of church, school, and 
press showed advance. 

Tlwee AdUeveMCBto In Peking 

(N<nih China FiOd) 

In a letter to the First Congregational 
Church at Columbus, 0., with which 
he is associated. Rev. Murray S. Frame 
speaks of three phases of the Board's 
work at Peking which impressed him 
strongly on his arrival. First, the 
strength of the work that is being done 
for women. The quartet of missionary 
women having this department espe- 
cially in charge seems to him remark- 
ably competent. Second, the work of 
the mission for men has advanced far 

enough so that a good share of it (per- 
haps, under pressure, too large a share 
of it) has already passed into the hands 
of the Chinese themselves. "The Chi- 
nese church in Peking is under the lead- 
ership of a talented Chinese pastor and 
preacher, one of a little group of men 
who are a sufficient reward for all the 
educational work of the mission in so 
far as it has been directed toward the 
securing of trained Chinese leaders.'' 
Third, the notable advance made toward 
union in missionary work. "Policies 
are discussed frankly and helpfully in 
the Peking Missionary Association, to 
which all the missionaries belong.'' One 
of these meetings was recently held at 
the American Legation; another was 
addressed by the United States Minis- 
ter, Mr. Calhoun. The educational 
merger effected in the North China 
Union is, of course, the conspicuous 
demonstration of this readiness to join 
forces on the part of almost all the 
leading missionary societies at work in 
the city. "In the entire undertaking 
nowhere do we clash, nowhere is there 
needless duplication of work, nowhere 
is there given any occasion for the 
Chinese to feel that we are straining 
toward aught but the one conmion 
Christian goal." 

TIm Martjm' MaoMrial Chwcli at OsmMidi 

{Central Twrkev FS>dd) 

In his article, "On the Track of the 
Massacres," in the March Herald Sec- 
retary Patton referred to the project 
of a martyrs' memorial church at Os- 
manieh, in commemoration not only of 
the faith of the people of the place who 
laid down their lives, but of the twelve 
native pastors of Central Turkey on 
their way to Adana who were burned 
alive in the church where they sought 
refuge. According to Mr. Chambers 
the project is advancing. Plans for the 
building have not yet been made, but 
a neat church that will accommodate 
500 is contemplated, with provision for 
schools and parsonage. It is estimated 
that the cost will be £T. 600 ($2,200). 
But one-half the original congregation 
remains, ancLithat largely made up of 


Field Notes 


widows and orphans ; yet at the confer- 
ence held concerning the building this 
people made an astonishing pledge of 
£T. 50 ($220). Other pledges amount- 
ing to about JET. 20 were promptly se- 
<!ured, and an appeal has been issued 
for help from sister churches in Turkey 
, and from Christian friends in Ehigland 
and America. Aside from its propriety 
as a memorial the new church is greatly 
needed. The town has been raised in 
its rank, and is growing in business im- 
portance. Trade is brisk. The Bagdad 
railroad is expected to open traffic with 
Osmanieh thip month. Protestant fam- 
ilies are coming to the town and are 
likely to settle permanently. Mr. Cham- 
bers vouches for the fact that the en- 
terprise is in every way worth while. 

AiMtlMr RebeUion on Ponape 

iMicronenan FMd) 

A letter from Dr. Rife, begun at Me- 
juro, February 2, and finished at Jaluij, 
February 16, reports a two months' 
tour of the Marshall Islands group, in 
which he had traveled 1,800 miles and 
visited all the islands but two; these 
he planned to reach a little later. It 
was really a bishop's task, inspecting 
churches and schools, heutening the 
small Christian communities, making 
readjustments of teachers and preach- 
ers, and finding scholars for training. 
The situation on many of the islands 
was none too bright; teachers and 
taught are alike struggling more or 
less successfully against the besetting 
sins and temptations of their life ; the 
odds are heavy and there were many 
sad discouragements; yet here and 
there were found some fine instances 
of loyalty and conquest. The value of 
the Iju Ran, the small boat which Dr. 
Rife has secured for his touring, was 
again proved .^ She gave good account 
of herself, demonstrating that she could 
be run at small expense, sailed mostly 
by the schoolboys, who were ready to 
go without compensation. 

The startling portion of Dr. Rife's 
report comes at the end, where he re- 
lates what he learned upon his arrival 
at Jaluij, February 15. The Germania, 

running from Sydney to Hong Kong, 
had just come in with news of a vio- 
lent rebellion of the natives on Ponape, 
which brokjB out on October 18, 1910. 

The German governor of the island 
had set two tribes to building roads. 
The men quarreled with their over- 
seers, who fled to a Catholic church for 
refuge and sent word to the governor. 
He started at once to the scene of diffi- 
culty without any weapons or guard 
and accompanied only by his secretary. 
Upon landing, the governor met the 
ringleader and greeted him as his 
friend, the man having the day before 
eaten at his table. Accepting the salu- 
tation, the rebel advanced and shot the 
governor twice in the abdomen, who 
falling tried to pull himself up by his 
hands only to have them cut off; af- 
terwards his throat was cut and his 
body mutilated. The secretary, seeing 
that resistance was useless, started to 
run for the boat. As he turned he was 
shot in the back and killed. Of the 
five boatmen who brought them across, 
four were killed, the fifth swimming 
out of reach of the guns. The over- 
seers who had left their retreat on the 
governor's arrival were also killed. 
Vines were then tied to the necks of 
the dead, and their bodies were dragged 
up and down the road and subjected to 
vile indignities before being thrown 
into the lagoon. The doctor left in 
charge of the colony, and who would 
have followed the governor to the 
scene of the rebellion but for timely 
warning of a Roman Catholic priest, 
sent word to the Protestant tribes to 
come to the protection of the colony, 
which they did and saved them from 
further harm. 

Evidences soon appeared of yet more 
desperate plot on the part of the rebels. 
They had chosen a time when no ship 
was in port to interfere or carry the 
news ; and having taken the governor's 
flag, the boat, and the clothing of the 
men they had killed, they planned 
to board and capture the Germania, 
which was due to call at Ponape on her 
way from Sydney to Hong Kong in 
November. The colonists, learning ofe^ 


Letters from the Missions 


the plan, got word to the ship before 
she came in the passage and so frus- 
trated the attempt. At once the Ger- 
mania carried the tidings ' to New 
Guinea, and soon four men-of-war were 
on the scene. The rebels then col- 
lected on the top of a high rock, sup- 
posed to be impregnable, but after 
a sharp bombardment of three hours 
they were driven from their position. 
Upon landing the troops a bush fight 
ensued, which at date of the report was 
not ended. Two hundred and fifty rebels 
had been captured and transported, fifty 
more were in hand, but about fifty, 
including the ringleader, were still at 
large. Dr. Rife felt that the rebellion 
was practically crushed, and expresses 

the opinion that this will be the last 
uprising on Ponape. The Germans had 
lost an officer and four marines in 
the fighting. 

Although Ponape is no longer a mis- 
sion field of this Board, having been 
passed over to the Germans with the 
other work in the Carolines, it is grati- , 
fying to learn that the Protestant na- 
tives stood loyally by the government, 
keeping aloof from all this butchery 
and lawlessness. The conduct of that 
heroic leader of the Protestant conunu- 
nity , Henry Nanepei, during the trouble 
is specially praised in the report, as is 
that of Mr. Hugenschmidt, the first of 
th^ German Protestant missi<maries to 
enter the field. 




Rev. George P. Knapp's long over- 
land journey to Bitlis, as returning 
from furlough he went to the aid of 
that station in the far interior of Tur- 
key, gave him chance to see much of 
what is transpiring in that liberated 
land. Prom his "Notes by the Way 
and After" we select the following 
impressions : — 

"The blessings of the orphanage 
work, which we were providentially 
obliged to take up at Harpoot, are be- 
coming more and more manifest. At 
Diarbekir I found two of our orphan 
boys who had graduated from the col- 
lege, one teaching in the Protestant 
school and the other in the Gregorian. 
At Oorfa I found as pastor's assistant 
another of our orphan boys who had 
also taken the theological course. Still 
another of our boys was head teacher 
of the Protestant Boys' School in the 
same town. At Severek, where I passed 
the Sunday before reaching Diarbekir, 
another orphan boy, also a graduate, was 
acting both as teacher and preacher to 
the Protestant community, while one of 
our girls was the wife of a leading 

member. Thus in this land and abroad, 
especially in America, the orphui boys 
and girls whom we have brought up 
are doing their share of the world's 

" During my short stay in Diarbekir 
I saw considerable of the people I had 
come to know when on my touring 
trips from Harpoot. Significant of the 
changes in Turkey is the fact that 
Diarbekir has its first Christian mayor. 
What is more, he is a leading Protestant 
Armenian and the son of a Protestant. 

The Welcome at BiUis 

" Slowly as we had traveled, I reached 
Bitlis several days sooner thaji the post 
which was to have brought a card that 
I mailed at Diarbekir, so I took the 
friends here entirely by surprise ; but 
the welcome was none the less happy 
and cordial. Gregorian as well as Prot- 
estant Armenians, who on the dark day 
of my deportation fifteen years before 
were either in prison or did not dare to 
leave their houses to bid me good-by, 
now came to welcome me with what 
were manifestly sincere expressions of 
esteem. On Christmas, the first Sunday 
that I was asked to speak, some 1,500 
people crowded the Protestant church. 


while I tried to tell them what God had 
wrought during these fifteen years and 
the reasons we had for praising his holy 
name. On New Year's Sunday I ac- 
cepted an invitation to attend Requiem 
Mass for the late Catholicos at one of 
the Gregorian churches. Fortunately I 
had called with Mr. Peet on Ismirlian, 
when he was patriarch at Constanti- 
nople fifteen years before, and so had 
some first-hand impressions which at- 
tracted attention. 

"Scarcely a week had passed after 
my arrival when Rev. Kavmey Abla- 
hadian, an evangelist supported by an 
Armenian merchant in New York, came 
on from Van. During his stay of three 
weeks, which included the Week of 
Prayer, preaching services were held 
every morning and evening, besides 
special midday services on Sundays and 
on other days for women, young men, 
and the schoolboys and schoolgirls. 
As we saw the crowds of men, women, 
boys, and girls going home with their 
lanterns after the services, we could 
not but praise God for the change of 
conditions which made it possible for 
the people to come out thus freely at 

** One new feature to which I cannot 
readily get used is the presence of Ar- 
menian soldiers at our services. At a 
recent communion service Protestant 
soldiers were among those who par- 
took. When will the time come when 
the Moslems, who were formerly the 
exclusive wearers of the uniform, will 
sit with us at the table of our Lord ? 
A number of their faith seem to have a 
growing desire to know more about 
Him whom to know aright is life 
eternal. Our bookseller showed me the 
other day a revolver and a dagger 
which some of these men had given 
him in exchange for Bibles and por- 
tions of Scripture. Is the time indeed 
coming when carnal weapons shall be 
converted into swords of the Spirit? 

A Cry for Help 

** I must not close without telling of 
the crying need for re-enforcements. 
Here are the two Ely sisters, who from 
the very start, for more than forty-two 
years, have practically been the only 
single lady workers. One has passed 
the seventy-first milestone, and the 
other is not far behind. For nearly 
three years they have been begging for Ic 


Letters from the Missions 


two youngr ladies to come and be in 
training to take up their work, but so 
far there has been no response. Is it 
possible that among the hundreds of 
volunteers in our denomination two 
young ladies of sufficient consecration 
cannot be found to succeed these self- 
denying veterans? Appeals have been 
repeatedly made for another mission- 
ary family and for a doctor, but as yet 
there has been no definite response. 
There is all the work the most ambi- 
tious could wish; there are tempting 
and growing opportunities under the 
new conditions; but 'Where are the 
reapers! Oh, who will come?"' 



Dr. Frank Van Allen is famous for 
his success in winning gifts from well- 
to-do Hindus for the aid of the Albert 
Victor Hospital at Madura. In a recent 
letter to the church in Glen Ridge, 
N. J., which provides his support, the 
doctor recounts his happiness over a 

new token of the regard and generosity 
of his Indian neighbors. A few ex- 
tracts from the letter will indicate its 
bubbling good cheer : — 

'* During the year 1910 we had as in- 
patients at the hospital 499 persons, 
and we treated slightly over 22,000 
out-patients. These patients have paid 
liberally during the year and have 
pretty nearly met all the hospital ex- 
penses with their thank-offerings. But 
we can scarcely expect these people to 
pay all the expenses. We have just 
received from England, where we pur- 
chase practically all our medicines, a 
huge supply: boxes and boxes and 
boxes of medicines. The bill was £111. 
I was as bold as a lion to order the 
medicines, but consternation filled my 
heart when I came to face the bill. 
No money ! What was I to do ? We 
couldn't get on without remedies to 
relieve illness ; the medicines were ab- 
solutely necessary. 

** I will tell you where I am now. I 
am out in a village twenty-seven miles 
from Madura. Near here are other 
villages. In all these villages live peo- 

ONE OF THE 499 Digitized by GOOglC 


Letters from the Missions 


pie who are wealthy; many of them 
have been my patients. It occurred to 
me as I sat in a dazed way holding this 
bill in my hands— my trembling hands 
— that it would just delight these people 
to pay it. I came here ; I told them the 
situation ; I wasn't mistaken in them ; 
they are wonderful people. They said, 
as nearly as can be expressed in Eng- 
lish: *My dear fellow, don't trouble 
about this. How much do you want? ' 

'"£111 (1,665 rupees).' 

'* * We will see what we can do.' 

'*! have been here a week now and 
am starting back to Madura in about 
an hour. These wonderful people have 
contributed enough to pay that bill for 
medicines and £30 besides toward the 
next bill. Wouldn't you love them if 
you knew them? 

•* Did I thank them? Well, nothing 
will be too good for them when they 
come to us and need medical relief ; if 
they do ever need it. I hope they 
won't, for their sakes. 

''Just at the present moment, as I 
sit here with this money beside me, I do 
feel pleased. This same thing has hap- 
pened many times in the past. Wonder- 
ful people, these! Loving people! 
They built the hospital with their gifts ; 
and gratitude, which I have felt in the 
past, is lighted up afresh. 

*' I wonder if you would be interested 
to hear about my troubles. The above 
is one of my joys— one of them. My 
joys are many. 

" But now as to my troubles. 

" (An hour later.) I have been sit- 
ting here thinking, trying to recall 
a trouble to write about. No, I will 
have to give it up. 

" I must start for Madura now. Per- 
haps when I get into the hospital I ivill 
think of something worth writing about 
in the way of troubles." 

Three Hospital Converts 

Even when back in Madura, Dr. Van 
Allen can find nothing troublesome to 
record. Instead, he mentions the recent 
conversion of three patients, a man and 
his wife living near the city> and a man 
whose home is thirty miles away : — 

*'The hospital catechist goes to the 
home of the man and his wife every 
Sunday, and a meeting is held, others 
being called in. A little group of peo- 
ple in this village are likely soon to 
become Christians; four or five have 
called together at our bungalow and 
they seemed very happy. It was such a 
pleasure to see them and to encourage 

** The last we heard of the other man 
he had been the means of the conver- 
sion of two others in his village. There 
have been other cases of patients tak- 
ing great interest in Christianity and in 
Christ, but not fully committing them- 
selves before they left the hospital. 

And a Rajah's Rupees 

*'One more item of interest before 
I close: A rajah (native prince) has 
promised 5,000 rupees toward our en- 
dowment fund. The other day, in De- 
cember, he paid 1,000 rupees of it. It 
was a great joy. I am sure that the 
rest will be paid soon. The endowment 
fund stands at 20,000 rupees now ; all 
subscribed from native sources. The 
endowment is large enough now to be- 
gin to yield an appreciable income to 
the hospital; last year a little over a 
thousand rupees. It is most convenient 
to have this sum toward hospital ex- 
penses. When the rajah has paid all 
that he has promised, the fund will 
amount to 24,000 rupees. Doesn't it 
seem good? Twenty-four thousand 
rupees is $8,000. Perhaps this does 
not seem like a huge sum in America, 
but it does seem huge out here where 
it has to be earned at the rate of about 
twelve cents for a day's labor." 



The following letter from Rev. John 
Howland, of Guadalajara, dated March 
20, presents a bright picture against 
the dark background of war and hate 
in Mexico: — 

"Last Monday was the tenth anni- 
versary of the opening of the Colegio 


Letters from the Misewns 


Internacional in Guadalajara. The cele- 
bration of the day began before 5 a.m., 
when the boys sang some of the pretty 
Spanish serenades at my door, as it was 
also my birthday. The families of the 
teachers were invited to a breakfast of 
tamalies and atole, which the good old 
cook had prepared as a surprise. She 
and a friend sat up all night working, 
and when I asked them if they were 
not tired, they replied, * No, one never 
feels extra work that is done for those 
we love,' At noon a special dinner of 
Mexican dishes was served to the boys, 
our family joining them again. 

"In the evening there were essays, 
music, and a play, well presented with 
the help of some of the girls from 
Corona Institute ; at the close ice cream 
was served to the audience, which 

"THE SWIMMIN' hole" 
At the Coleflrlo Internacional Vacation Camp 

nearly filled our new gjrmnasium. 
Many gifts of flowers, cards, and other 
tokens of affection came in during the 
day; the whole celebration left the 
pleasantest of memories. 

What of Former Students? 

" The 270 who have been enrolled as 
students during these ten years are 
scattered from Mexico City to Southern 
California. Of the twenty graduates, 
seven are in the ministry; four are 
teaching; one is managing his ?iaci' 
enda and producing a marked effect 
on the hundred or more people compos- 
ing the families of his farm hands; 
another has established a prosperous 
business in the capital of the territory 
of Tepic; the rest are working as 
stenographers or bookkeepers in the 
offices of railroads and ex- 
press companies, or of law- 
yers and others. One of 
them is assistant secretary 
in the office of the son of 
President Diaz, and an- 
other holds a responsible 
position in one of the larg- 
est navigation companies; 
this man has an American 
wife. Many of those who 
did not graduate are doing 
well financially, socially, 
and religiously. One has 
received a state scholar- 
ship to take a course in the 
National Normal School in 
Mexico City, winning over 
many competitors. Sev- 
eral are receiving salaries 
of from $2,000 to $3,000 
(Mexican money). 

"We are almost con- 
stantly having pleasant in- 
cidents in connection with 
former students. For in- 
stance, in Citala, a large 
hacienda to the south of 
Lake Chapala, several fam- 
ilies accepted the gospel a 
number of years since, but 
the lessee obliged most of 
them to leave or abjure 
their faith. Recently the 


Letters from the Miasiona 


farm has come into the hands of a 
yoonfiT m^n who took lessons of me in 
bookkeeping, and he not only protects 
the Protestants, but cordially receives 
the evangelist who goes there occadon- 
ally, and invites me also to go to visit 

The Present Chance 

"We are hoping that the buildings 
may be carried forward during the 
coming months, the teaching force in- 
creased, and everything arranged to 
widen and strengthen the influence 
of the school. The means for some 
of this advance are in sight, but one 
step leads naturally, almost necessarily 
to another, and much more will be 
needed to put the plant where it can 
begin to do its most effective work. 

"This country is passing through a 
most severe ordeal. It is probable that 
the next few years will hardly be less 
critical than the present, as there are so 
many problems to be solved ; not merely 
political problems, but also those that 
sire social, industrial, economic, and re- 
ligious. A leaven of young people who 
at least have come to know the teach- 
ings of evangelical Christianity, even if 
they have not personally adopted them 
all, will do much to prevent mistake 
and ruin." 



Rev. Robert Thomson, of Samokov, 
writing on February 27, describes two 
sasrns of the times, both of which will 
sriadden the hearts of all who are 
watching the progress of religion in 
the youthful and eager kingdom of 
j^ul^aria : — 

Deepening Interest in the Gospel 

**Our Bulgarian friends, at the au- 
tumn conference, planned for special 
evan^r^listic meetings to be held about 
this time all over the field. We are 
now in the midst of these meetings 
here. Mr. Sechanoff, so long one of 
our biborers in one capacity or another, 
bat of late the pastor of the Methodist 

church in Sofia, accepted our invita- 
tion to come here (his native city), and 
was kindly released for the purpose. 
Mr. Sechanoff, whom we have had 
previously for similar work, has very 
considerable gifts as an evangelist. 
His coming was made the subject of 
much prayer, and we also advertised 
his meetings well ; the result has been, 
not only that the church has been 
crowded night after night to hear him, 
but that he has also had a good deal of 
personal work, receiving and paying 
visits, and he has been sufficiently en- 
couraged to prolong the meetings for 
yet another week. Yesterday was the ' 
universal Day of Prayer for Students, 
when we had three special and very 
encouraging services; and today (a 
national holiday) is being observed by 
us as a day of special humiliation and 
prayer, when we are to have two serv- 
ices — one for believers alone, for prayer - 
and consultation, and one in the even- 
ing of the usual character. 

'* I mention these things with thank- 
fulness; in the first place, as an indi- 
cation that we ourselves — Bulgarians 
and missionaries— are being visited 
with the spirit of more earnest prayer 
and more hearty desire and endeavor 
after conversions. 

A New Friendliness 

" But besides that, I wish to tell you 
of another encouraging feature in con- 
nection with this — a thing that confirms 
my conviction that we in Bulgaria are 
going to have, in due time, the same 
experience that the Asiatic missions have 
had with the Armenian Church, viz., 
that prejudice will first break down; 
then that the national church will it- 
self be gradually quickened ; and then 
that that church and our own will 
draw together in amity, sjnnpathy, and 
hearty co-operation. 

" One indication of this is that, night 
after night, a large proportion of Mr. 
Sechanoif's crowded audiences, fully 
one-third of them, have been students 
from the National Gymnasium opposite 
us. Indeed, large numbers of these 
students have regularly been at our[^ 


The Wide Fidd 


ordinary services ever since this session 
opened last September. Now, but two 
or three years ago, when the students 
began coming to our services, they 
were quickly and sharply pulled up. 
I think they were threatened with ex- 
pulsion. At any rate, an end was put 
to their coming. But now nothing is 
said to them. And I am convinced that 
the difference is due to the gradually 
changing attitude of the local priests. 
We have been hearing strange things 
about them these days — how they have 
openly, in church, spoken kindly of us ; 
how they have said in conversation that 
we are right in our presentation of 
Christianity and in the methods of our 
working; how they have expressed a 
desire to understand better our posi- 
tion, our teaching, and our aims, con- 

fessing that they begin to fear that 
they have all along misunderstood and 
misjudged us. And that this should 
be — of all places!— in Samokov; that 
is the astonishing and the happy fact. 
"But I must confess, at least for 
myself personally, that I do not con- 
sider the priests wholly to blame. We 
have kept aloof from them far too 
much. The reason has been largely 
our own very heavy burden of work, 
and perhaps a certain shyness; but, 
intentionally or not, we have, by hold- 
ing so aloof, given the impression of 
unfriendliness, and have certainly made 
acquaintance and mutual understand- 
ing impossible. Here is another reason 
for desiring re-enforcements, that we 
may be more free to cultivate better 
relations with the other church." 



A viceroy's tribute 

Among the victims of the plague in 
Manchuria was Dr. Arthur C. Jackson, 
a distinguished graduate of Cambridge 
University, who went out only in the 
fall of 1910 as a medical missionary of 
the United Free Church of Scotland, 
and was attached to its large hospital 
at Mukden. When the plague broke 
out in January, the government called 
upon the physicians of the hospital for 
their aid, and Dr. Jackson promptly vol- 
unteered for work at quarantine quar- 
ters of the Chinese railway station. 
There for a week he was in close and 
unremitting contact with the plague in 
all its virulence, doing splendid work in 
bringing order out of chaos and terror 
and in staying the spread of the pest, 
till suddenly, in spite of vaccination 
and all proper safeguards, he caught 
the infection, sank rapidly, and died. 
The going out of this strong, eager, 
attractive young life on the very thresh- 
old of a career of exceptional promise 
made a profound impression on all his 
associates. At the. memorial service 

held in Manchuria, His Ebccellency Hsi 
Liang, Viceroy of the Three Eastern 
Provinces, made the following striking 
address: — 

" We have shown ourselves unworthy 
of the trust laid upon us by Our Ekn- 
peror; we have allowed a dire pestilence 
to overrun the sacred capital. 

"His Majesty the King of Great 
Britain shows sympathy with every 
country when calamity overtakes it; 
his subject. Dr. Jackson, moved by his 
Sovereign's spirit, and with the heart 
of Christ, who died to save the world, 
responded nobly when we asked him to 
help our country in its time of need. 

" He went forth to help us in our 
fight daily where the pest lay thickest; 
in the midst of the groans of the dying 
he struggled to cure the stricken, to 
find medicine to stay the evil. 

** Worn by his efforts, the pest seized 
upon him and took him from us long 
before his time. Our sorrow is beyond 
all measure, our grief too deep for 

" Dr. Jackson was a young man of 
high education and great natural ability. 
H^ came to Manchuria with the inten- 


The Wide Fidd 


tion of spreading medical knowledge 
and thus conveying untold blessings on 
the Ekistem people. In pursuit of his 
ideal he was cut down. The Presby- 
terian Mission has lost a recruit of 
great promise, the Chinese government 
a man who gave his life in his desire 
to help them. 

"0 spirit of Dr. Jackson, we pray 
you intercede for the 20,000,000 people 
of Manchuria and ask the Lord of 
Heaven to take away this pest so we 
may once more lay our heads in peace 
upon our pillows. 

"In life you were brave; now you 
are a spirit. Noble spirit, who sacri- 
ficed your life for us, help us still and 
look down in kindness upon us all.'* 

CHRiSTiANrry's advance in the 


Dr. Wjmcoop, secretary for India of 
the British and Foreign Bible Society, 
when interviewed by Dr. Patton as to 
general conditions of mission work in 
that land, presented some very striking 
testimony as to progress in the north- 
west provinces. The Northwest Con- 
ference, the largest of three conferences 
of the Methodist Episcopal missions in 
Northern and Central India, had recently 
met in Cawnpore. The editor of the 
Indian Witness^ in attendance upon its 
sessions, wrote enthusiastically to his 
paper of "the swing of victory" that 
X>ervaded them. Over ten thousand 
baptisms were reported for the year 
past. The movement toward Chris- 
tianity upon the part of the Chamars, 
the leather workers, was increasing in 
extent and momentum. With millions 
of these people at hand, the largest and 
most approachable caste in the districts 
of the two conferences in Upper India, 
only the insufficiency of funds and 
equipment for native workers among 
them limited the advance. 

The report from another district (the 

Roorki) told of remarkable growth, 
" the best year's work." One minister 
on the banks of the Ganges wrote: 
** Give me half a dozen more workers, 
simple pastor-teachers, and in the course 
of a week we will have a thousand more 
new converts from the Chamar caste, 
who will throw away their dumb idols 
and turn to the living God and confess 
the Lord Jesus by public baptism." 

The dangers of so rapid growth were 
recognized ; stress was being put on a 
genuine conversion to the new religion. 

Similarly, an account of an itineration 
by a representative of the Church of 
Ehigland Zenana Missionary Society, 
printed first in the society's magazine, 
but quoted in the Punjab Mission 
News, disclosed the beginning of a mass 
movement toward Christianity among 
the Chuhras, the sweeper class, those 
necessary helpers of the farmers. Until 
recently these despised people were 
willing to live in serfdom as mere bur- 
den bearers ;, now in some parts of the 
Punjab they are waking up, seeking 
a better status, and looking to Chris- 
tianity as the religion of hope. 

In the Sialkot Mission of the Ameri- 
can United Presbyterian Mission they 
have 41,000 adherents from this class, 
and during the last few years there has 
been rapid progress in their efforts for 
self-support and self-government. 

" A special feature of this movement 
amongst Chuhras," so this missionary 
reports, "is that whether they come 
out as Christians individually or in 
crowds, they can go on living in their 
own villages, earning their livelihood 
in the same way and influencing by 
their changed lives those living around 
them, especially their masters, much in 
the same way as the Christian slave 
of old." 

Dr. Patton, in passing on these en- 
couraging reports, adds this one com- 
jnent : ** You will be glad to know that 
the situation is dead ripe for such 
a movement in certain parts of our 
Marathi and Madura fields." 

Digitized by 



A Two-Edged Weapon 

That the general misfflonary situation 
has been seriously modified during the 
last half century is the first impression 
left upon the mind of the reader by 
a survey of the accumulated evidence 
(Edinburgh Conference Reports). The 
new developments can be attributed in 
the main to one specific cause. If the 
missionary societies are compelled today 
to recast ^eir methods in order to meet 
mifamiliar difficulties and to solve a 
problem that is almost bewildering in 
its novel complications, it is not on 
theologians, **old" or "new," that 
they must cast the blame for the 
upheaval. The real creators of the 
revolution are James Watt, George 
Stephenson, and Robert Fulton. When 
we scrutinize the changes that make 
the most severe demands on missionary 
statesmanship, we find them nearly all 
reducible to the question of communi- 

Of course this shrinkage of the world 
works both ways. When a missioimry 
can stand up before an audience in 
Edinburgh and remark incidentally that 
three weeks ago he was traveling in 
Mongolia, we can see as in a flash how 
the earlier difficulties of access have 
been amplified. It is no exaggeration 
to say that by recent railway extensions 
alone hundreds of millions of people — 
in the Levant, in Central Asia, in China, 
in the more populous parts of the 
East Indies, and in Africa — have been 
brought within comparatively easy 
range of Christian evangelistic effort. 
Yet; on the whole, the disadvantages 
of the quicker and cheaper means of 
transit seem, so far, to have outweighed 
the advantages. 

From ** The New Misaionary Outlook/' 
by Herbert W. HorvnU, in the Atlantic 
Monthly far April, 1911. 

Missionary By-Products in Gdna 

Now the truth is, that, in the very 
nature of the case, by far the larger 
part of their accomplishment can never 


be claimed by the missionaries as their 
own. They dig the well and toil at the 
windlass, but the waters they raise do 
not flow in an open conduit to the 
fields they quicken. Most of them dis- 
appear in the ground, and when they 
reappear to make distant wastes bloom, 
they cannot be identified. What of the 
young men leaving the mission coll^rea 
unconverted, yet imbued with Qiristiaa 
ideals? What of the bracing effect on 
the government schools of competition 
with the well-managed and efficient 
mission schools? What of the govern* 
ment schools for girls, which would 
never have been provided if the mis- 
sionaries had not created a demand for 
female education and shown how to 
teach girls? What of the native phil- 
anthropies which have sprung up in 
emulation of the mission care for the 
blind, the insane, and the leper ? What 
of the untraceable influence of the 
Western books of inspiration and learn- 
ing which, but for the missionary trans- 
lators, would not yet be accessible to 
the Chinese mind? Among Chinese 
who neither know nor care for the 
"Jesus religion," the changes of atti- 
tude toward opium smoking, footbind- 
ing, concubinage, slavery, "squeeze,'* 
torture, and the subjection of women» 
betray currents of opinion set in motion, 
largely by the labors of missionaries. 
From " Christianity in China,** by Frof. 
Edward A. Rose, in the March Century. 

The Look of Clunese Christians 

Although the missionaries have gained 
few converts from the superior social 
classes, they have attracted a superior 
element from the middle and lower 
classes. The majority of a native 
Christian congregation resemble the 
general population, but a study of 
their physiognomy shows a greater fre- 
quency of noble or intellectual faces. 
Among a score of farmers in a little 
congregation gathered to dedicate a 
country chapel in Fukien, I noticed 
four fine f4c^^jjijd(^e peasant who 


The Bookshelf 


might have sat to Leonardo da Vind 
for his St. John. In view of the human 
quality of these Christians, I did not 
marvel on learning that the chapel, 
costing $250, had been built by twelve 
families out of their own resources, and 
that every stick of timber in it had 
been carried on their shoulders from 
the seacoast, a league away. 
From " Christianity in China,*' by Prof, 
Edward A, Rosa, in the March Century, 

Beating Boston's Best 

It is really marvelous— the extent 
of interest in what used to be thought 
only the white-chokered and sallow 
zealot who buried himself in hopeless 
Hindustan or helped supply the larder 
of cannibals of the South Seas. Those 
who followed the Women's Foreign 
Missionary Jubilee celebrations, which 
closed so magnificently in New York 
this week, were amazed at the absorb- 
ing interest of those meetings. Here in 
Boston they thrilled and they enthralled, 

for the stories of the women mission- 
aries were wonderful and inspiring. 
These women organized and carried on 
this fine crusade from Oakland to Port- 
land without a man's help, and they 
simply beamed with happiness over its 
success. As a commemoration fund 
they collected $870,000, an astonishing 
sum, and a measure of the power of 
the cause. Any one with a tendency to 
belittle the men and women engaged 
in missionary fields ought to have heard 
the keen, bright, and pertinent ad- 
dresses of these returned missionaries. 
They made n^any a "witty assembly" 
in Boston look wan and worn by com- 

The man in his club who sneers at 
foreign missions only seems to be so- 
phisticated and sapient. In reality in 
these days of wide dissemination of in- 
formation he is inexcusably ignorant 
and provincial. On even him some day 
the light will shine. 

From editorial in Boston Evening Tran- 


Indian IdyfU, By Anstiee Abbott Introduction by 
GeorB« Smith, clb.. lud. London : Eliot Stock, 
ninstrated from photographs. 

Pathetic as are the facts revealed by 
these new Idylls, the literary charm of 
the style and the great hope which 
shines tiirough them make the book 
glad as well as deeply interesting. 
Miss Abbott, an India missionary of the 
American Board, has drawn aside the 
curtain, and with the delicate tact of 
a Qiristian lady and with the long 
experience of her missionary life has 
brought to light the sorrows and suffer- 
ings of India's women. 

But when the lifting of the curtain 
has made the darkness flee away, the 
joy of the change has been a high re- 
ward. Miss Abbott's story of such 
happy changes relieves the gloom which 
would otherwise weigh down the book. 

A missionary lady once pressed home 
upon a gathering of women the duty of 
acquainting themselves with the condi- 

tion of women in non-Christian lands. 
She took for her text the words, "The 
evidence of things not seen," showing 
them that there was no longer any need 
of being ignorant of the degradation 
and misery of their sisters. The evi- 
dence was now all ready, the abundant 
proof was accessible, not only of their 
need, but of the power of the gospel to 
uplift them. 

Any one who wishes for such proof 
can nowhere find it more vividly set 
forth than in these Idylls. Nor can the 
light of the gospel, now beginning to 
lighten India, anywhere appear more 
glorious in its life-giving power than in 
this new and precious ''evidence of 
things not seen." J. c. M. 

The IUport9 of the Commiaaion cf the World Miaaum- 
ary Omference. New York : Fleming H. Revell Co. 
9 vols., each 76 cents net ; poetase, 9 cents. Ccmiplete 
set. $6.00 net ; posUse, 70 cents. 

It is not possible in small space 
worthily to review an encyclopedia |[^ 


The Chronicle 


only a general estimate can be at- 
tempted. And these nine volumes of 
the Edinburgh CJonference Reports are 
in a real sense an encyclopedia of their 
subject. Containing the reports of the 
several commissions, the fruit of pro- 
longed, wide, and careful study by 
competent experts, and beside them 
the addresses made on the Conference 
platform and the discussions following, 
these volumes offer to their reader the 
best that can be said today on the prin- 
ciples, policies, bearings, achievements, 
and needs of the modem missionary 
enterprise. To the pastor, the mission- 
ary, the Student Volunteer, the leaders 
of missionary study classes, in short, to 
every one associated with the mission- 
ary task, this set of books seems almost 
indispensable — a real thesaurus of mis- 
sionary knowledge to date. 

(kurtof the Patient, A Book for Nurses. By Alfred 
T. Hawee, a.m.. m.d. Philadelphia : P. Blakiston's 
. Son & Co. Pp. 173. Price. 11.00 net. 

Not many of our readers perhaps will 
be specially interested in this book. 
Yet to doctors and nurses in missionary 
hospitals it offers a valuable and con- 
venient small handbook of nursing. 
And with its precise and clear directions 
it will be of service for such amateur 
nursing as is occasionally required in 
every home. 

Children cf Jamaica, By Isabel C. Biaclean. New 
York: Fleming H. ReveU Ca Pp. 96. Price, 60 
cents net. 

Chiidr&n of Japan. By Janet H. Kelman. New York: 
Fleming H. Revell Co. Pp. 93. Price. 60 cents net. 

Two new issues, one for each hemi- 
sphere, in a series depicting child life 
in missionary lands. They are by Eng- 
lish authors, and somewhat more solidly 

instructive than is the fashion with 
children's books in this country. Yet 
there is the story element in them ; the 
full-page, highly-colored pictures add 
to their attractiveness; the chapter titles 
are inviting; all in all, they are well 
fitted for their purpose and sure to 
please their readers. 

Korea for Christ. By Georsre T. B. Dayis. New York: 
Fleming H. Revell Co. Paper. Pp. 68. Price, 26 
cents net. 

Within the compass of what is but 
little more than a pamphlet is here told 
the story of the great awakening in 
Korea, leading up to the campaign of 
1910 with its watchword, "A million 
souls for Christ." 

The PruiU of the Tree, By William Jenninsa Bryan. 
New York : Fleming H. ReveU Co. Pp. 6L Price. 
86 centa net. 

This dainty booklet puts into perma- 
nent form Mr. Bryan's impressive ad- 
dress at the Edinburgh Conference. 

In KcUi^a Country: Talee from Sunny India. By 
EmUy T. Sheeta. New York : Fleming H. BefveU 
Co. Pp. 208. Price, $1.00 net. 

Mrs. Sheets is not herself a mission- 
ary. With her husband, a secretary of 
the Layman's Movement in the Metho- 
dist Church, she has visited India, and 
evidently with a seeing eye. Her book 
is charming; a collection of twelve 
tales of Indian life, not so distinctly 
missionary or even religious as are Miss 
Abbott's "Indian Idylls," but always 
Christian in viewpoint and sympathy, 
and contributing .effectively to an ap- 
preciation of India as a mission field. 
It is a book worth reading. A few 
striking illustrations provoke the in- 
terest of one who turns its pages. 



April 1. From New York, Rev. and Mrs. 
John P. Dysart, to join the Rhodesian 
Branch of the South African Mission. 
(See page 205.) 
Arrivals in this Country 

March 13. At San Francisco, Rev. and 
Mrs. Chauncey Goodrich, of the North 
China Mission. 

March 19. At New York, Rev. and Mrs. 
Charles M. Warren, of the Japan Mission. 


January 30. At Vaddukkoddai, Ceylon, 
a son, Raymond Rogers, to Dr. and Mrs. 
Harry C. York. 

March 15. At Ahmednagar, India, a 
son, Henry Hamilton, ,to Rev. and Mrs. 
H. G. BisselfcigitizedbyC^OOgle 


The Chronicle 



April 9. At Brooklyn, N. Y., a daugh- 
ter, Janet Goodwin, to Rev. and Mrs. 
Charles M. Warren, of the Japan Mission. 



February 2. At Harpoot, Eastern Tur- 
key, Miss Maria B. Poole. (See page 208. ) 

How was it that the people of Lystra 
received Paul and Barnabas? With oxen 
and garlands? We do not learn of any 
attempt to offer sacrifices when Secretary 
Patton arrived at Ahmednagar, but there 
was evidently no lack of garlands. Per- 
haps he made the sacrifice in wearing 
them. The supporting Aaron is Rev. S. R. 
Modak, pastor of the First Church, Ahmed- 

nagar ; Hur is Dr. Patton 's college class- 
mate. Rev. Henry Fairbank, just now 
senior missionary at the station. 

The Prudential Committee at its meeting 
of March 14 had the pleasure of welcoming 
President Eaton, of Beloit, now Vice-Presi- 
dent of the American Board, who had so 
planned his trip to New England as to sit 
with the Committee on that afternoon. 

We are not accustomed to examine prison 
reports to learn about our missionaries, 
but in Our Paper, a journal pubUshed at 
the Massachusetts Reformatory at Con- 
cord, we find an article of a column's 
length about Rev. John X. Miller, of Pasu- 
malai. It seems that while an Andover 
Seminary student, Mr. Miller was for two 
years a helper in the moral and religious 
work of the reformatory, spending his 
Saturdays and Sundays there, and that 
during his seven years' service in India he 
has kept up the acquaintance then made, 
and has sent occasional remembrances to 
friends in the institution. 
Now that he is about to re- 
turn to this country on fur- 
lough, these friends trust 
that he will plan to visit 
Concord and share with them 
some of the experiences and 
inspirations of his mission 

The terrific snows which 
brought suffering and loss to 
multitudes in Turkey, as 
elsewhere described, brought 
some fun also, as witness the 
accompanying picture which 
Mr. Goodsell labels "Another 
By-Product of Missions. * ' It 
shows the Goodsell children 
reveling in the imprecedented 
mass of snow in their door- 
yard and, with Mr. Macallum 
as artist, adding a magnificent but perish- 
able statue to the world's sculpture. 

We are glad to congratulate another mis- 
sionary home on furlough upon securing the 
fimds to meet an emergency on the field 
which has burdened his rest time. Mrs. 
J. N. Harris, of New London, whose bene- 
factions have enriched many of our mission 
fields, recently made a conditional promise 
to Mr. LeRoy of $5,000 toward the better 
industrial equipment of Amanzimtoti Semi- 
nary, enabling it to meet the requirements 




of its new responsibility to the union eda- 
cational scheme of which the Impolweni 
Theological Seminary is the other factor. 
The Board's new educational endowment 
fund made possible the meeting of the con- 
dition by providing another $5,000, so that 
the present necessities of this important 
institution are met. 

April 29 Secretary Barton goes to Eng- 
land to attend a meeting of the Continua- 
tion Committee of the Edinburgh Confer- 
ence. On his way thereto he is to have 
some conference with the managers of the 
German Hiilf sbund concerning the work of 
their missionaries in connection with those 
of the American Board in Asiatic Turkey. 

The trip, including attendance Upon the 
meeting, will involve an absence of about 
a month. 

This number of the Herald goes out just 
as the Candidates' Conference for 1911 is 
closing. We wish that all in the Board's 
circle could get the inspiration that comes 
to the officers ^nd near-by friends as 
they look upon the company of devoted 
young people thus assembled. Between 
thirty and forty are in the group, promis- 
ing a considerable and cheering reenf orce- 
ment of the staff of workers on the field. 
Next month we expect to introduce them 
to our readers, wi^ a reflection of their 
faces as they stood before the camera. 



ActOD, Cong. ch. 1 00 

Auburn, 6th-st. Cone. ch. 5 27 

Bangor, Ist Parish Cong, ch., 75, Central 

Cone, ch., 75, and Hammond-st. Cong. 

ch. , 75, all toward support of missionary, 2% 00 
Garland, Cong. ch. 7 00 

Hallowell, Cong, ch., Friend, 12 00 

Lewiston, Pine-st. Cong. ch. 46 00 

Machiasport, Cong. ch. 5 00 

Orland, H. T. and S. E. Buck, 30 00 

Orono, Ambrose Sawtelle, deceased, 3 00 

Portland, State-st. Cong, ch., for work of 
Rev. R. A. Hume, 375 ; High-st. Cong, 
ch., 61.66 : Woodfords Cong, ch., 56.00 ; 
•* Portland," 116.70, 

South Freeport, Cong. ch. 

Westbrook, Cong. ch. 

West Minot, Cone. di. 

Winslow, Cong. oi. 

609 94 

10 00 

25 12 


7 50 995 83 

New HaHpahirc 

Berlin, Cong. ch. 
Candia, Cong. cfa. 
Durham, Cong. ch. 
Franklin, Cong. ch. 
Hampstead, Cong. di. 
Hanover Center, Cong. ch. 
Hinsdale, Cong. ch. 
North Conway, Cong. ch. 
North Haxnpton, Cong. ch. 
Penacook, Cong. ch. 
Rve, Cong. ch. 

15 51 

3 47 
60 00 
21 00 

7 60 
15 00 

4 31 

5 00 
30 26 
60 00 

estville, Inez F. Newcomb, for work in 

China. 1 00 217 05 

Legacies Bow, Mary E. A. Dow, 5 25 

222 30 

Cambridge, 2d Cong. ch. 8 56 

Lower Waterford, Cong. ch. 6 10 

Ludlow, Cong. ch. 15 00 

MorrisviUe, Ist Cong. ch. 78 09 
Pittsford, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

E. A. Yarrow, 10 50 

Saxton's River, Cong. ch. 14 00 

Victory, George A. Appleton, 6 00 

Wallingford, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev.lE. A. Yarrow, 40 20 
Westford, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

Wm. Hasen, 12 00 

West Hartford, Cong. ch. 11 44 

Westminster West, Cong, di., Society of 

Morals and Missions, 24 00 
Woodstock, Cong. ch. 28 09 ^266 97 


Attleboro Falls, Central Cong. ch. 52 05 

Boston, Old South Cong. ch.. add'l 1,000; 

Union Cong, ch., 437.30; Highland 

Cong. ch. (Roxbury), for wovk in India, 

5 ; Mt. Vernon Cong, ch., of which 5 

from Mrs. L. H. Kendall, 7, 1,449 SO 

Braintree, 1st Cong. ch. 27 U 

Brookline, In memory oi S. C. T., for 

work in China, 100 00 

Cambridge, Prospect-«t. Cong, ch.. Miss 

L. Townsend, for Sholapur, 6 00 

Chicopee Falls, 2d Cong. ch. 26 04 

Concord, Trin. Cong. en. 46 73 

Dedham, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. C. A. Clark, 96 00 

Fall River, Central Cong. cfa. TOO 00 

Fitchburg, Martha S. H. Wright, for Mt. 

Silinda, 6 00 

Granby, Cong. ch. 16 28 

Harvard. Cong. ch. 8 06 

Haverhill, Center Cong. ch. 68 66 

Lanesboro, Cone. ch. 4 00 

Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 16 00 

Lunenburg, Cong. ch. 6 SI 

Lynn, Central Cong. ch. 26 00 

Medfield, 2d Cong. ch. 20 00 

Middleboro, Central Cong. ch. 27 47 

Millbury, 1st Cong, di., toward support 

Rev. E. C. Partndge, 68 39 

Milton, 1st Evan. Coog. ch. 83 76 

New Bedford, North Cong, ch., 78.71; 

Trin. Cong, ch., 17.74, 96 46 

Newburyport, Central Cong. ch. 126 00 

Newton, Eliot Cong. ch. 86 00 

Newton Highlands, Cong. ch. 220 00 

Newton Lower Falls, Lucy M. Emmons, 6 00 
North Attleboro. Oldtown Cong. ch. 19 00 

North Brookfield, 1st Cong. ch. 46 24 

North Reading,, Union Cong. ch. 12 41 

Norwood, 1st Cong. ch. 06 00 

Oxford, Cong, ch., to const. Miss Lua 

Beaumont, H. M. 100 00 

Petersham, A. D. M. 200 00 

Randolph, Cong. ch. 115 32 

Reading, Cong. ch. 39 20 

Somerville. Friend, 10 00 

South Natick, John Eliot Cone. ch. 8 26 

Springfield, Olivet Cong, ch., 16.45 ; Faith 

Cong, ch., 12 J» ; Thank-offering, 26. 64 04 
Well^ev Hills, Ist Cong, ch., of which 

16 for ing-hok, ^ ^ ?& 76 

Westhampton. Cong, ch^^ ^y V^OOQ^P 




West Springfield, 1st Cong. ch. 
West StodcbrU|ffe» Village Cong. ch. 
Winchendon, North Cong. ch. 
Winchester, 1st Cong. ch. 

, A deceased mend, 

, A deceased friend. 

90 00 
30 00 
26 85 
126 00 
1,000 00 
500 00—5,983 86 

L^mcigs. — Bostcm, Mrs. Betsey R. Lang, 

by Frank H. Wigcin, Trustee, addl, 16 00 
Enfield. Josiah B. Woods, by Frances 

W7£niball, Trustee, add'l, 80 00 

Greenfield, Mrs. Ellen M. Russell, by 

Chas. P. Russell, Ex'r, 4,606 23 

Springfield, Levi Graves, by D. W. 

Wells, Trustee, add'l , 60 00 

Watertown, Edward D. Kimball, add'l, 10 60 
Westboro, Miss Amela Merriam, by 

Arthur M. Nourse, Ex'r, 500 00-5.864 73 

11,196 00 

3 38 
220 06 ^238 44 


East Providence, Riverside Cong. ch. 
Providence, Beneficent Cong. ch. 

T«aBC IWple'8 SodotlM 

Maine. — Brewer, 1st Jun. Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Sholapur, 2 00 

Massachusbtts.— Chefansford, Y. P. S. C. E., 
6; Lawrence, South Y. P. S. C. E.. for 
Shao-wu, 12; Lowell, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., for 
Adana, 15 ; Spencer, Y. P. S. C. £., 10.10, 43 10 

45 10 
Sunday ScImoIs 

Vbkmont.— Bellows Falls, Ist Cong. Sab. sch., 
for Mindanao, 10 00 

M ASSACHUSKTTS. — Bostou, Central Cong. Sab. 
sch. (Jamaica Plain), 35 ; do., Inunanuel-Wal- 
nnt-av. Cong. Sab. sch. (Roxbury), 26; do.. 
Highland Cong. Sab. sch. (Roxbury), for work 
in India, llin ; Maiden, 1st Cong. Sab. sch.. 
Prim. Dept., for Mindanao, 11 : Newton High- 
lands, Cook. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, J5; 
Tyngsboro, Evan. Cong. Sab. sch., 2JM), 85 36 



44 08 

Berlin, 2d Cong. ch. 

t, Wtax - 

»..^w.x^ong. ch. 
Central ViUaun, Cong. ch. 8 00 

Bridgeport, West End Cong, ch., 81.08 ; 

Kmips Highway Chapel, 15.64, 46 72 

BristoL Cfmg. ch. 

40 00 

East Norwalk, Swed. Bethlehem Cong. 

ch. 8 67 

Fairfield, Cong, ch., toward support Rev. 

W. P. Elwood, 50 00 

Hartford, 1st, 508.95; South 

O>,400, 908 95 

Kent, 1st Cone, ch., for Adana, 10 50 

Madison, 1st Cong. ch. 21 60 

Mansfield. 2d Cong. ch. 1 00 

Middletown, 1st Cong. ch. 25 97 

Nangatuck, 1st Cong. ch. 100 00 

New Haven, (;rand-av. Cong. ch. 40 00 

New London, 1st ch. of Chr&t, 57 99 

Norwich, Greeneville Cong. ch. 35 00 

Old Saybrook, Ist Cong. ch. 11 09 

Salisbury, Cong. ch. 4 00 

South Norwalk, 1st Cong. ch. 32 89 

Terryville, Two friends, 79 50 

Thonoston, Cong. ch. 47 46 

Trumbull, Cong. ch. - 6 00 

Waterbury, Bunker Hill Cong. ch. 20 00 

Wettford, Cong. ch. 5 00 

West Haven, 1st Coog. ch. S6 86 

Westminster, Cong. <£. 3 00 

. Friend, 100 00-1,758 12 

Ltgacigs. — Georgetown, Edwin Gilbert, 

by Samuel J. Miller and Herbert S. 

Ogden, Ex'rs, 


Albany, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 
Rev. J. X. MOler, of which 5 from 
L«iies' Foreign Society, 80 00 

175 00 
1,933 12 

Brooklyn, Flatbush Cong. ch.. 117.07; 
Plymouth Cone. ch. , Louu Stoiber, tOO ; 
Atiantic-av. Miss. Soc. of Atlantic-«v. 
Chapel of Clinton-av. Cong, ch., 12; 
Roduway-av. Cong, ch., 8, 

232 07 

142 42 

14 00 

Ithaca, 1st Cong. di. 

Morrisville, Cong. ch. 

Newark Valley. Cong. ch. 10 00 

New York, Manhattan Cong, ch., 5 ; E. 

R. G., through D. S. and W., 100; 

Tames P. Kelley, 22 ; Harriet S. Niles. 

17JM>; Friend, 5. 149 60 

Oswego, Cong. ch. 14 86 

Randolph, Cong. ch. 18 80 

Westmoreland. Cong. ch. 26 60 

West Winfield. Immanuel Cong. ch. 74 00 761 25 

Ltgacus. — Brooklyn. Hiram G. Ounbes, 

add'l, less expenses. 88 22 

Poughkeepsie, Sarah M. Powell, by 
Guilford Dudley, Ex'r, 210.21, less 
tax, 197 60 

N«w JarMjr 

Closter, Cong. ch. 

Jersey City, Ist Cong. ch. 

Montclair, Friend, 

Newark, 1st Jube Memorial Cong. ch. 

Nutley, St. Paul's Cong. ch. 

Paterson, Aubum-st. Cong. ch. 


1,047 07 

11 45 
16 80 
35 00 
15 00 
28 00 111 25 

7 50 

9 00 16 60 

Miners Mills. Ong. ch. 
Minersville, 1st Ong. ch. 


Alexis, Cons:, ch. 7 27 

Marysville, Rev. Vernon Emery, 3 00 

North Fairfield, Cong. ch. 6 00 

Oberlin, 2d Cong, ch., 132.68 ; Rev. A. H. 

Currier. 12, 144 68 

Painesville, 1st Ong. ch. 15 26 

Sandusky, 1st Cong. ch. 3 48 

Shandon. Cong. ch. 27 77 

Springfield, Mr. and Mrs. J. Frank Petti- 
crew, for Pangchwang, 7 50 
Toledo, Central Cong, ch., 62.65; Wash- 
ington-st. C>>ng. ch., 34.84; Birming- 
ham (^ng. ch., C. W. Douglas, in 
memory of Mrs. C. W. Douglas, 5, 92 49—607 46 

Dirtrict of C^VMbU 

Washington, 1st Cong. ch. 

North CutoUm 

Southern Pines, Cong. ch. 

Soath CarolUw 

louth Cong, ch., Wo- 

890 00 

23 00 

K. union. 

man's Miss. 


Columbus, North Highland Cong. ch. 


Daytona, Ist Cong. ch. 67 66 

Orange (Jity, Cone. ch. 10 00 

Ormond, Union (Jong. ch. 14 00 

Winter Park. Cong, ch., 26i)6; Aux. W. 
H. M. U., 8, 34 

Toaas Piapla'a SacictiM 

CoNNBCTicuT. — Broad Brook. Y. P. S. C. E. 
Nbw York. — Brooklyn, Lewis-av. Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Foochow, 

Saadaj Schbala 

Connecticut. — Kent, Cong. Sab. s^m for 
Mindanao, 10 ; New Briuin, 1st ch. of Christ 
Cong. Sab. sch., for Mindanao, 7.10 ; New 
London, 1st Cong. Sab. sch., toward support^ 
Rev. C. N. Ransom, 17.77; dp., do.. Prim. r\r\rs\o 
Digitized by V^OOyiC 




10 00 
16 00 




Dept., of which 3.48 toward support Rev. C. 

N. Kansom and 8.48 for Mindanao, 6.96, 
Nbw York.— New York, Foreat-ar. Cong. 

Sab. «ch. . , 

New Jbrsby. — Plainfield, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Ohio. — Oberlin, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. 
North Carolina. — Southern Pines, Cong. 

Sab. sch. 


41 83 

17 58 

10 25 

78 16 

Clio, New Hope Cong. ch. 
Glenwood, Cong. ch. 
Goshen, Cong. ch. 
Talladega, Carrie E. Parkhurst, 
Troy, Wesley Chapel, 


Dallas, Central Cong. ch. 

2 60 
1 60 
20 00 
260 28 00 

29 62 


Chicago, Millard-av. Cong, ch., 31 ; Por- 
ter Memorial Cong. ch.. 20; Ist Cong, 

ch., 4.07: H. H. Kennedy, 26, 80 07 

Downer's Grove, Cong, ch, 20 00 

Dundee, 1st Cong. ch. 36 60 

Evanston, 1st Cong. ch. 200 00 

Forrest, Cong. ch. 9 ^ 

Geneseo. Frank Mather. 25 00 

Glen Ellyn, 1st Cong. ch. 21 86 

Roscoe, Mary A. Ritchie, 6 00 

Strawn, Cong. ch. 9 00 

Sycamore, Ist Cong. ch. 66 90 

Warrensburg, Cong. ch. 2 00 

West Pullman. Ist Cong. ch. 31 06 

Wheaton, College ch., toward support 

Rev. W. C. Cooper, 100 00 

Woodbum, Cong. ch. I S2 ^,, «« 

Wythe, Cong. ch. 7 00 611 36 


Memphis. Cong. ch. 6 00 

Owosso, Mrs. Julia F. Sharts, in memory 

of Rev. D. W. Sharts, 20 00 
Portland, Cong. ch. 14 96 
Ypsilanti, Cong. ch. 15 00 
, Friend, of which 340 for Kusten- 

dil, and 160 tor Mindanao, and to const. 

Jambs H. Moorb. H. M. 400 00 544 96 


Amery, Cong. ch. 
Baraboo, Cong. ch. 
Berlin, Union Cong. ch. 
De Soto, Thomas Tenney, 
Lake Geneva, 1st Cong. ch. 
Madison, 1st Cong. ch. 
Milwaukee, Plymouth Cong. ch. 
Phtteville, Cong. ch. 
Plymouth, Cong. ch. 
Rosendale, Cong. ch. 
Stoughton, 1st Cong. ch. 


Anoka, Cong. ch. 9 38 

Clearwater, Cong. ch. 6 31 

Fergus Falls, Cong. ch. 62 42 

Minneapolis, Lowry Hill Cong, ch., 420.57 ; 
Plymouth Cong, ch., toward support 
Rev. A. H. Clark, 113.30; 1st Cong, 
ch., Cyrus Northrop, toward support 
Rev. John E. Memll, 60; do., Cyrus 

20 12 
20 00 
18 66 
66 00 
87 50 
110 00 
60 00 
77 00 
20 93 
40 00 
28 00 628 10 

Northrop, Jr., 6; Union Cong. ch. (St. 
Louis Park), 29.16 

618 02 

LiUUia min^/f inr.MAf, . -- 

West Duluth, Plymouth Cong, ch., Home 
and Foreien NTiss. Soc., for Mt. Silinda, 10 00 

Zumbrota, Cong. ch. 


Council Bluffs, People's Cong. ch. 
Danville, Cong. ch. 

2 35 698 48 

10 00 
46 00 

Gilbert Station, Cong. ch. 
Red Oak, Cong. ch. 
Riceville, ConK. ch. 
Somers, Mizpsm Cong. ch. 

15 00 
14 90 
18 10 
6 66 110 ( 


Maplewood, Cong. ch. 11 19 

MeadviUe, Cong. ch. U 50 

St. Joseph, Tab. Cone. ch. 43 41 

St. Louis, Pilgrim Cone, ch., of which 
84.83 for West Circle, Madura Mission, 160 

North Dakota 

Jamestown, 1st Cong. ch. 

Oahe, Moreau River Cong, ch.,2.37 ; Vir- 
gin Creek Cong, ch., 1.79 ; Upper Chey- 
enne River Cong, ch., 1.38 ; Cheyenne 
River Cong, ch., 1.33 ; Lower Cheyenne 
River Cong, ch., .76; Buffalo Cong, 
ch., .65, 

Oberon, Cong. ch. 



8 17 

2 00 15 17 

Custer, Cong. ch. 
Lane, Cong. ch. 
Redowl, Friend, 

SoBth Dakota 


16 66 
2 00 
600 22 66 

Bostwick, William Brehm, 1 50 

Lincoln, Salem Cong. ch. 6 00 

Normal, Nettie Cropsey, for Mt. Silinda, 30 00 

Omaha, St. Mary's-av. Cong. ch. 68 84 

Purdum, Cong. ch. 3 32 

Waverly, 1st Cong. ch. 19 76 128 41 

Leg€uus. — Beatrice, Asher Miller, by L. 
M. Upson, Ex'r, add'l, 99 90 

228 31 

Alton, Cong, ch.. Friend, for Adana, 30 00 

Emporia, Bethany Cong. ch. 6 00 

Mt. Union, Cong. ch. 2 00 

Topdca, 1st Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. W. P. Elwood, 160 00 

Westmoreland, Cong. ch. 11 7^^—198 75 



140 00 
85 00 
9 00 2^ ( 

Rancher, Lovira Watson, 


Buena Visu, 1st Cone. ch. 

Denver, People's TaDcmacle Cong, ch., 

130 ; Plymouth Cone, ch., Ruth Ragan, 

for AruppukotUi, 10, 
Greeley, Ger. Cong. ch. 
Sulphur Springs, 1st Cong. ch. 
Whitewater, Cong. ch. 

Toons People'a Sodetioa 

Illinois.— Crystal Lake, Y. P. S. C. E., for 

Aruppukottai, 6; Waukegan, Y. P. S. C. E., 

for Aruppukottai, 10, 
Wisconsin. — Plymouth, Y. P. S. C. E. 
South Dakota.— Frankfort, Jun. Y. P. S. 

C E. 
Nbbr ASK A. — Sutton, Y. P. S. C. E., for Pang- 


S«Bda7 Sckoola 

Wisconsin. — Plymouth, Cong. Sab. sch. 
Iowa. — Iowa City, Cong. Sab. sch.. Boys' class, 

for Mindanao, 2.18 ; Shenandoah, Cong. Sab. 

sch., 12.03, ^ ^ ^ 

Colorado. — Denver, 3d Cong. Sab. sch. 


15 00 


10 00 

39 OO 


14 21 
36 00 

53 94 


Spokane, Mrs. Amelia F. Chittenden, 

Steilacoom, Oberlin Cong. ch. 

Sunnyside, Cong. ch. /- ^ ^wi" 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

125 94 
18 00 
3^00 173 94 




Hood View, Cong. ch. 4 91 
Portland, 1st Cong, ch., toward sapport 
Rev. E. D. Kellogg, 260 00 ^264 91 


Avalon, Cong. ch. 4 65 
Berkeley, L. J. and Miss L. G. Barker, 

toward rapport Rev. F. F. Goodsell, 72 00 

Bloomington, Cong. ch. 9 92 
Claremont, Cong, ch., toward support 

Rev. W. F. Tyler. 386 80 

Hydesville, Cong. ch. 4 00 

Little Lake, Cong. ch. 6 27 

Los Anceles, 1st Cong. ch. 150 00 

Oakland, Japanese Cong. ch. 1 00 

Ontario, Bethel Cong. <£. 47 58 

Palms, Cong. ch. . 12 40 
PandexHi, Ut Cong, cfa.,31 ; North Cong. 

ch., 5.87, 86 87 

Paso Robles, Cong. ch. 2 48 

Pomona, Pilgrim Cone. ch. 93 00 

Redlands. 1st Cong. ch. 62 00 

Rohnerville, Cong. ch. 10 00 

Rosedale. Cong. ch. 7 00 

San Bernardino, 1st Cong. ch. 6 48 

San Diego, Logan Heights Cong. ch. 5 08 

San Jacinto, Cong. ch. 3 72 

Santa Barbara, Cong. dL 60 00 

Ventura, Cong. ch. 5 58 075 78 

To«a« People's Societies 

California. — Riverside, 1st Y. P. S. C. E., 
for Adana, 


Utah. ~ Salt Lake City, Phillms Cong. Sab. 

sch. 8 00 

Orbgon. — Eugene, 1st Cong. Sab. sch. 11 63 

California. — Success, Cong. Sab. sch., for 

Mindanao, 6 00 

Fl<Mrence, Friend, 



25 68 

60 00 

Sooth Anerica 

Colombia, Santa Marta, Rev. H. Dudley 
Lynch, 2 00 


Trebizond, Rev. and Mrs. L. S. Crawford, 16 00 

FroH W«auui*s Medical Mission. Jaffna 

For salary of Dr. Curr to December 31, 
1910,908.38, and expenses McLeod Hos- 

pital, 150, 


From Woman's Board of Missions 

Miss Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 


For sondry missions in part. 

643 88 

12,814 10 

For sondrv nussions in part, 12 ,814 

Toward aebt on building of Marsovan 

Gvls' School, 1.000 

For additional grant for girls' school, 

Tientsin, 200 00 

For additional grant for evangelistic work, 

Japan, 150 00 

Toward purchase of land, care of Miss 

Cornelia Judson, Matsuyama, add'l, 2,000 00-16,164 10 

From Woman's Board of Missions of thb Intbrior 
Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 

Trtatmrer 8,625 00 

from Woman's Board of Missions for thb Pacific 
Miss Mary C. McClees, Oakknd, California, 

Trtamrtr 710 00 

20.400 10 

Additional Donations for Special Objecto 

Maine. — Auburn, Rev. Herbert P. Woodin, 
for hospital, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 10; 
Eliot, Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. J. P. 
Jones, 14 ; Greenville, Y. P. S. C. E., for 
work, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 16; Kenne- 
bunkport, through Rev. J. C. Perkins, for 
Bible-woman, care Miss Oitherine S. Quick- 
enden, 30 ; Passadumkeag, Cong, ch., for na- 
tive pastor, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 15, 84 00 

New Hampshire.— Exeter, PhilliM Cong, ch.. 
Friend, for boys' school, care Rev. H. K. 
Wingate, 20 00 

Vermont. — North Bennington, Y. P. S. C. E., 
for school, care Rev. E. C. Partridge, 200; 
St. Johnsbury, South Cong, ch.. Rev. S. G. 
Barnes, for village school, care Rev. R. F. 
Black, 10: do., Geo. H. Cross, for Pao- 
ting-fu station, care Jas. H. McCann, 50, 260 00 

Massachusetts. — Aubumdale, Mrs. Curtis 
Bates, for school, care Rev. E. Fairbank, 20 : 
do., Mrs. Choate, for do., 6; Boston, Central 
Cong, ch., toward house for native preacher, 
care Kev. R. A. Hume, 360 ; do., Mt. Vernon 
Cong, ch.. Friend, for work, care Rev. C. R. 
Haeer, 200: do., 2d Cong. ch. (Dorchester), 
Robert H. Magwood, for do., 40 ; Brookline. 
In memory of S. C. T., for work, care Mrs. 
Mary P. Ament,200; do.. Friend, for Mardin 
High School Buildine Fund, care Rev. R. S. 
M. Emrich, 50 ; Fall River, Ist Cong, ch., for 
work, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 100: Newton 
Highlands, Sanford E. Thompson, for dormi- 
tory fund, care Rev. T. D. Christie, 6 ; Sand- 
wid), Cong. Sab. sch. Jun. Dept., for work, 
care Dr. Chas. T. Sibley, 2 : Springfield, Rev. 
R. A. Hume, toward house for native preacher, 
care Rev. R. A. Hume, 100; Wellesley Hills, 
1st Cong. ch. Woman's Aid Soc., for work, 
care Rev. C. H. Holbrook,26; Westfield, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch., for pupil, care Rev. G. P. 
Knapp, 30; West Somerville, Miss. Soc., for 
pupil, care Rev. R. S. M. Emrich, 7, 1,134 00 

Connecticut. — Elmwood, Bissell Mission 
Band, for pupils, care Mrs. H. G. Bissell, 12; 
Hartford, Asylum Hill Cong. Sab. sch., for 
school, care Rev. T. D. Christie, 45.50 ; Mans- 
field, 1st Baptist ch., Ada Chaplin Mission 
Band, for pupil, care Rev. E. H. Smith, 10 ; 
New Britain, South Cong, ch., for native pas- 
tor, care Rev. R. A. Hume, 30 ; New Haven, 
United Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. R. A. 
Hume, 875; do.. Mrs. Agnes W. Heermance, 
for hospital work, care Dr. F. F. Tucker, 39; 
Newington, The Misses Beldeli, for hospital, 
care Dr. H. N. Kinnear. 10; Norwich, 1st 
Cong. Sab. sch., for boys' school, care Rev. 
E. H. Smith, 16.76; Plantsville, Cong. Sab. 
sch., for work, care Rev. L. S. Crawford, 7.08 ; 
Somersville, Y. P. S. C. E., for work, care 
Rev. E. H. Smith, 6 ; Windsor, Y. P. S. C. 
E., for Bible-woman, care Rev. W. P. El- 
wood. 8 ; , Friend, for native preacher, 

care Rev. E. H. Smith, 60. 606 42 

New York. — Brooklyn^ Plvmouth Cong, ch., 
Louis Stoiber. of which 100 for work, care 
Rev. S. vR. Trowbridge, 100 for work, at dis- 
cretion of Rev. E. H. Smith, and 75 for work, 
care Rev. A. W. Clark, 276; do., Chas. A^ 
Clark, for Bible-woman, care Rev. C. R. 
Hager. 6 : Jamestown, 1st Cong, ch., Mrs. W. 
C. J. Hall, for work, care Rev. C. T. Erick- 
son, 500; Mt. Vernon, Chinese Sab. sch. of 
the Reformed ch. , for Bible-woman, care Rev. 
C. R. Haeer, 16 ; New York, Broadway Tab. 
Y. P. S. C. E., for <nrphans, formerly care 
Miss M. B. Poole, 40; do., Mrs. Clara S. 
Hay, for work, care Rev. C. T. Erickson, 
1,000; do., H. W. Hicks, for Mardin Hish 
School Building Fund, care Rev. R. S. M. 
Emrich, 10; do., James P. Kelley, for work, 
care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 10; Perry, C. E. 
Bathrick, for new equipment for Indus. Dept., 
Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 2 ; Pough- 
keepsie, E. P. Piatt, for work among men and 
boys, care Rev. H. M. Irwin, 175 ; Snerbume. 
1st Cong. ch. Ladies' Miss. Soc., for hospital 
work, care Rev. W, N. Chambers. 50 ; War- 
saw, W. J. Humphrey, 6. Mr. Munger, 5, Dr. 
Gouinlock,2, and Merrill Slocum, L ^ ioxr^f->.c\\ o 



May, 1911 

new eqaipment for Indus. Dept., Mt. Silinila, 
care C. C. Fuller, 13, 

New Jbrsby. — Keansbufs, Mrs. F. R. Hill, 
for work, care Rev. H. K. Winnte, 60; 
Upper Montclair, Christian Union Sab. sch., 
for scholarship, care Dr. G. C. Raynolds, 30, 

Pennsylvania. — Philadelphia, Northminster 
Presb. ch., for Kessab ch., care Miss Effie M. 

Ohio. — Ira, C. O. Hale, for hospital, care Dr. 
H. N. Kinnear,2 ; Lorain, Friends, for school, 
care Miss N. J. AmoU. 25; Oberlin, Oberlin 
Shansi Memorial Asso., of which IfiO for cur- 
rent expenses of school, Shansi, and 83.38 for 
native helper, care station Treasurer, 233.38, 

Kentucky. — Berea, Con^. Sab. sch., a class, 
for pupil, care Rev. R. S. M. Emrich, 

Illinois. — Chicago, Miss Lavicka, for work, 
- -- - ,rter I ; E* ' ' ^ 
il, JubUee 

2,006 00 

80 00 
26 00 

260 33 

cure Rev. J. S. Porter, I ; Elgin, 1st Cong. 

pupil, JubUee Hall, Adams, 

South Africa, 10; Oak Park. 3d Cong. Sab. 

Sab. sch., for 

sch., of which J. R. Ainacker's class, 20, for 
hospiul, care Dr. W. A. Hemingwav, 120; 
Roscoe, Mary A. Ritchie, for hospiul work, 

care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 5; , Friend, 

for work in Japan, 1, 137 00 

Michigan.— - Cadillac, Cong. Sab. sch., of which 
20 for pupil, care Mrs. W. O. Ballantine, and 
6 for pupil, care Mrs. E. C. Partridce, 26; 
Detroit, 1st Cong, ch., for work, care Rev. J. 
H. Dickson, 100 ; Grand Rapids, 2d Cong. ch. 
Miss. Soc., for Mardin Building Fund, care 
Rev. R. S. M. Emrich, 3, 128 00 

Wisconsin. — Endeavor, Cong. Sab. sch., Prim. 
Dept., for school, care Rev. M. W. Ennis, 6; 
Mazomanie, Cong, ch., for Col. and Theol. 
Institute, Samokov, 6 ; Oconoinowoc. Y. P. 
S. C. E., for pupil, care Rev. J. X. Mi]ler,3; 
River Falls, Cong. ch. Ladies' Miss. Soc., for 
pupil, care Miss A. C. Sahnond, 80, 44 00 

Minnesota. — London, ch. of United Breth- 
ren, for work, care Rev. J. S. Porter, 3.67 ; 
Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong, ch., for Union 
Training School Building Fund, care Rev. A, 
H. Clark, 1,650; doVD. D. Webster, for 
native worker, care Mrs. M. M. Webster, 30; 
Northfield, Isabella Watson, for the Annie 
Tracy Riggs Hospital, 5 : St. Cloud, Jessie L. 
Burrall, ^ pupil, care Miss E. M. Atkins, 80, 1,718 67 

lowA. — Des fidoines, Annie D. Merrill, for 
school, care Rev. E. Fairbank,25; Orchard, 
1st Cong, ch., for work, care Dr. H. H. Atkin- 
son, 10; Shenandoah, Mrs. Anna J. CroM, 
for Shattuck Hall, Oorfa, 2 ; Stillwater, Cong, 
ch., for hospiul, care Dr. H. H. Atkinson, 1, 

Missouri.— Mt. Washington, Mrs. A. J. Ream, 
for native wwker, care Dr. G. C. Raynolds, 
80; St. Louis, Pilgrim Cong, ch., for work, 
care G. S. Eddy. 2».80, 

North Dakota. — Carrington, Rev. Robert 
F^ton, toward missionary residence in the 
Philippines, 10; Glen Ullin, Cong. ch. La- 
dies' Aid Soc. and Girls' Guild, for pupil, 
care Miss E. M. Atkins, 50, 

South Dakota. — Lane, Geo. E. Whitney, for 
native worker, care Rev. Geo. A. Wilder, 

Nebraska.- Normal. Nettie Cropsey, for hos- 
piul, care Dr. H. N. Kinnear, 6; Verdon, 
Jennie Robertson, for hospiul work, care Dr. 
H. N. Kinnear, 1 ; Weeping Water, Cong, 
ch.. Members, toward new equipment for In- 
dus. Dept., Mt. Silinda, care C. C. Fuller, 18, 

Montana. — Inverness. Eunice Hart, for pupil, 
care Mrs. R. Winaor, 1; Lothair, Mae A. 
Engberg, for do. , 14, 

Washington. — Seattle, A. H. Marsh, for 
pupil, care Dr. C. W. Young, 10; Tacoma, 
1st Cong, ch., for Foochow Miss. Hospiul, 25, 

California.— Berkeley, Mrs. Flora D. Win- 
ter, for new equipment Indus. Dept., Mt. 
Silinda, care C.C. Fuller, 10; Fresno, G. M. 
Michaelian, for Osmanieh Memorial ch., care 
Rev. W. N. Chambers, 2 JH): Kenwood, E. E. 
Chakurian, for boys' school, care Rev. H. I. 
Gardner, 26; Lodi, Y. P. S. C. E., for use of 
Rev. F. F. Ooodsell, 30 ; Onttrio, Chas. A. 
Pierce, for native workers, care Rev. J. P. 
Jones, 100; Pasadena, Mrs. E. M. Orten, for 
school, care Mrs. O. G. Brown. 12; ft»o 
Robles, Plymouth Cirde, for pupil, care Mrs. 

38 00 

250 80 

60 00 
25 00 

24 00 
16 00 
86 00 

Gee. D. Marsh, 10; do., Y. P. S. C. E., for 
do., 5J» ; Redlands, Y. P. S. C. E.. for worit, 
care Rev. C. R. Hager, 18 ; San Diego, 1st 
Y. P. S. C. E., for hospiul, care Dr. H. H. 
Atkinson, 11 ; Upland, Chas. E. Harwood, 
toward new church, care Rev. W. O. Pye, 
1,000, l,29f(» 

Canada. — Onurio, Oxenden, Thos. Baldwin, 
tar native preacher, care Rev. £. H. Smith, 
34 ; Manitoba, Winnipeg, Chat. L. Bates, for 
school, care Rev. E. Faurbank, 60, 84 00 

Switzerland. — Geneva, Leopold Favre, for 
work, care Rev. C. T. Erickson. 88 00 


From Woman's Board of Missions 
MIm Sarah Louise Day, Boston, 
For work, care Miss Fannie E. Bnrrage, 10 00 
For boys' school, care Rev. H.I. Garctoer, 18 60 
For pupil, care Miss E. M. Atkins, 26 00 

For pupil, care Miss Belle Nugent, 6 00 

For hospiul work, care Dr. Ruth P. Hume, 26 00 
For work, care Mrs. Edward Fairbank, 60 00 
For use of Miss Esther B. Fowler, 6 00 

For pupil, care Dr. Ruth P. Hume, 20 00 

For two bojrs, care Rev. H. C. Hazen, 8 00 
For pupils in girls' school, care Miss S. 

R. Howland, 5 00 
For work, care Miss Elizabedi S. Perkins, 26 00 
For work, care Miss Marian G. MacGown, 10 60 ^207 10 

From Woman's Board op Missions of the Intxeioi 

Mrs. S. E. Hurlbut, Evanston, Illinois, 



40 00 
16 00 

90 00 

9 56 160 06 

For girls' school, ConsUntinople, 
For pupils, care Kev. R. A. Hume, 
For use of Dr. Lucy P. Bement, 
For pupil, care Rev. E. Fairbank, 
For use of Mrs. W. A. Hemingway, 
For helper, care Miss F. K. Bement, 
For use of Miss E. O. PrescoU. 

Fr<»n Canada Congregational W6man's Board op 
Mias Emily Thompson, Toronto, Ontauio, 

Fot native teacher, care Rev. C. R. Hager, 35 00 

FcMT Bible-woman, care Rev. J. P. 

For pupils, care Mrs. G. G. Brown, 

26 00 

Donations received in March, 
Legacies received in March, 



46,216 « 
5,890 70 


Total froH September 1, Ifli. to March tU UlL 
DoaatioBE. $486,364^6; htgmdm, $42,517 JZ = 

865 00 




26 00 

Hawaii. — Honolulu, W. R. Castle, 375; do., 

Mrs. W. D. Westervelt, 10, 
Ohio. — Oberlin, Mrs. A. B. Allen, 2: do., 

Mrs. Bessie Anderson, IJSO; do., Friend, .60, 

Work la the PUUppiaaa 

New York. - New York, K. 

Marsoran Seadaary BalldlBff Faad 

lowA.—Grinnell, Grinndl College, 

MiyasaU StatloB Foiid 
Hawaii. — Honolulu, The Mary Castle Triist, 

Albanian Wotk 

1,000 00 

Connecticut. , Friend, 

Illinois. , Friend, 



1,000 00 


IncoTpomitJ 1900 

W. & L. E. GURLEY - TROY, N.Y., U.S.A. 

^Manufacturers of 

Civil Engineering, Mining, Surveying, and Physical Instruments 

Standard Weights and Measures 

Accurate Thermometers 

Mechanical, Optical and Electrical Apparatus 
for Schools, Colleges, Technical LaboTalorie* 

Scientific Instruments of Special Deaign •'• 

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Please meat ion Mliaiooarf Henlil whaftjoQ urdte lo idi 



Book» Magazine/ audi Job 
Printing in all ita branclieii 
DiMcult work a «pecia]ly 



Ail work it executed aat- 
iif acton ly and delivered 
when proniited 



TROY, N. Y.. and 



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Editorial Notes. lOuatrated . , . . 247 

The Day's Round - In a Mission Kindergarten. By Miss Elizabeth C. Clarke. 

lUuatrated 252 

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North China - Mexico — FotK:how 

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American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

Congregational House, 14 Beacon Street, Room 708, Boston. Mass, 



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Edwabd D. Eaton. 0,0. 

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Editorial Secretaries 

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Rev. William E. Strong 

ABtociate Secreiariet 

Rev. Enoch F. Bell 

Rev. D. Brewbh Eddy 

PubtiBhinff nnd P^irchamng Afftmi 
John G. Hosmeb 

Diatriei Seeretarin 

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Itb Avenue and 22d Street, New York 

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pfcclRc Coast District : Rev. H. Melville Tknney, p.p. 
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The Fkbsidcmt and Vice-President, ear qffidvi 
T*rm Expirem iOit 
Hon. Arthl'R H. Wellman 
Rev. Alb£:bt P. Fitch 


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Term Exmres iHt 


Rev. Arthur L. Gillstt 
Charlbb a. Hofkinb 


Tvrm Expires 19 tS 
HmtKKRT A. Wilder 
Rbv. Edward M. Noyrs 
Rbv. Edward C, Moore 
Rev. George A. Hall 

Leo Act Gs. — In writiag^ bequests the entire corpo- 
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■■ Amerieau Board of Commissionera for Foreign 
MisHtooH, incorporated in Massachusetts in 1812," 

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The Missionary Herald 

Volume CVII 

JUNE 1911 

Number 6 

Forty-five names were on the list 
of candidates and newly appointed mis- 
sionaries due to attend the 
3^#^I^ Seventh Annual Conference, 
which occupied the week 
from April 20-27. Some of the num- 
ber were of necessity excused from 
attendance, so that there were but 
thirty-six in the group; notwithstand- 
ing, it was much the largest ever as- 
sembled. The names, home or college 
addresses, and, so far as determined, 
the assignments of this company whose 
picture appears on the opposite page 
are as follows: — 

Seated in front, from left to right : 
Miss Gwen Jones, Oberlin, 1911, to Mad- 
ura, India. Miss Edith Douglass, Col- 
orado College, to European Turkey. 

Pirst row: Miss Isabelle Harley, 
Pawtucket, R. I., Rhode Island State 
Normal School, to EJastem Turkey. 
Miss M. Louise Wheeler, Teachers 
College, Columbia University, to Ma- 
rathi, India. Mrs. Ernest Pye, Emer- 
son College of Oratory, Boston, to 
Western Turkey. Miss S. Josephine 
Davis, Oberlin, 0., Oberlin College, to 
South China. Mrs. A. C. Ryan, Ober- 
lin, O., Muscatine High School, to 
Western Turkey. Mrs. R. H. Mark- 
ham, New York City, Washburn Col- 
lege, Topeka, Kan., to European Tur- 
key. Miss Alice J. Powers, Tiskilwa, 
m.. University of Illinois, Kodaikanal, 
IncUa. Miss Louise DePorest, Corn- 
wall, Conn., Smith College, to Japan. 

Second row: Rev. S. Ralph Harlow, 
Union Theological Seminary, to West- 
em Turkey. Miss Marion Stafford, 
New York Qty, Radcliffe College, to 
Western Turkey. Miss Florence Fow- 
ler, Brooklyn, N. Y., Brooklyn High 
School, to Eastern Turkey. Dr. E. P. 

Case, Ann Arbor, Mich., University of 
Michigan, to Eastern Turkey. Mrs. R. 
G. Moffatt, Cleveland, 0., Oberlin Col- 
lege, to West Central Africa. Dr. R. 
G. Moffatt, Cleveland, 0., Oberlin Col- 
lege, to West Central Africa. Mrs. L. 
C. Gtlise, Ann Arbor, Mich., Campbell 
College, to Madura, India. Mr. L. C. 
Guise, Ann Arbor, Mich., University 
of Michigan, to Madura, India. Miss 
Rachel B. North, Chicago, 111., Moody 
Bible Institute, to Turkey. 

Third row: Miss Amy McKowan, 
Bowmanville, Ont., Toronto University, 
to Japan. Miss Edna Deahl, Maple- 
woody Mo., Washington University, to 
P^ochow, China. Mrs. H. A. Stick, 
Oberlin, 0., German Wallace College, 
Berea, 0., to South Africa. Rev. Henry 
A. Stick, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 
to South Africa. Rev. A. C. Ryan, 
Oberlin, 0., Oberlin Theological Sem- 
inary, to Western Turkey. Rev. R. H. 
Markham, New York City, Union The- 
ological Seminary, to European Turkey. 
Rev. S. Burman Long, New York City, 
Union Theological Seminary, to South 
Africa. Rev. Edward W. Felt, New 
York City, Union Theological Sem- 
inary, to Marathi, India. Miss Theda 
Phelps, Cheyenne, Wyo., Illinois Train- 
ing School for Nurses, to Western 

Fourth row: Rev. F. E. Livengood, 
Cvnbridge, Mass., Harvard College, to 
Eastern Turkey. Rev. Lyle D. Wood- 
ruff, Oberlin Theological Seminary, to 
Turkey. Rev. Ernest Pye, Oberlin 
Theological Seminary, to Western Tur- 
key. Rev. Cass A. Reed, Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, to Smyrna, Turkey. 
lUv. WflHam R. Leete, New York City, 
Utiion Theological Seminary, to China. 
Rev. Frank J. Woodward, Allegheny}^ 

147 J 


Editorial Notes 


Pa., Western Theological Seminary, 
to Micronesia. 

The conference was held unusually 

early this year, partly to give those 

who came to it opportunity 

ton. The mornings were 
occupied as usual with familiar talks 
from representatives of the Board, the 
Woman's Board, and several mission- 
aries, upon various phases of a mission- 
ary's life and work. Special addresses 
upon the intellectual and spiritual life 
of the missionary were given respec- 
tively by Rev. Edward M. Noyes and 
Dr. Howard A. Bridgman. Dr. J. K. 
Greene, of Constantinople, was not only 
one of the speakers to the class, but 
became virtually a member of it, jour- 
neying to Boston with the group from 
Oberlin, attending all sessions, and 
making himself one with the company, 
so that they insisted on his sitting 
among them for the photograph. The 
closing session of Wednesday morning 
in Central Church seemed peculiarly 
helpful this year, the quiet hour for 
the missionaries by themselves being 
unspeakably tender and searching in 
its message. The conference closed 
with the celebration of the Lord's Sup- 
per, conducted by Rev. Herbert D. 
Gallaudet, one of the ministers of Cen- 
tral Church, a most appropriate and 
uplifting service. 

The exercises of this conference, par- 
ticularly its social features, were much 
restricted to make room for attendance 
upon the Exposition, but the officers 
of the Board had ample chance to sat- 
isfy themselves of the high quality and 
promise of this new and large cempany 
of prospective missionaries. Not all 
are to go to their fields at once, but 
one by one most of them will before 
many months be moving to their fields 
of life work abroad. It is to be recog- 
nized as heretofore that even so large 
a re-enforcement will not mean real 
increase of workers on the field, but 
only an incomplete filling of the gaps. 
It is a pleasure to recount that this 
year, as heretofore, some children of 

missionaries are among the candidates; 
Miss Jones is the daughter of Dr. John 
P. Jones, of Madura, and Miss DeForest 
of Dr. John H. DeForest, of Japan, 
whoseMamented death this number of 
the Missionary Herald must also re- 

No magazine of this size can ade- 
quately report the great Missionary 
Exposition just closing in 
to B^* Boston. Some of its charac- 
teristic features are reflected 
by text and picture in this number; 
others may be anticipated next month. 
We regret, especially for our mission- 
ary readers and others who cannot visit 
the Exposition, that no snapshots of it 
in motion can be presented; but the 
strict rules of fire protection forbid the 
taking of any such pictures. 

The Congregational Brotherhood 
celebrates its third birthday with a 

statement by its directors, 
rJ^t^i^^ reviewing its short Ufe 

with gratitude for what 
has been accomplished and for the good 
will shown to the organization. The 
Brotherhood faces the new year with 
enthusiasm and a determination still 
further to combine the men of our 
churches in support of missionary and 
social service undertakings. With the 
launching of the **Men and Religion 
Forward Movement" the Brotherhood 
has a new and special service to render 
just now. We wish it all success in its 

As we go to press it appears that the 
rebellion in Mexico is about ending; 
moreover that it is to at- 
As to Mexico tain its object. Official an- 
nouncements declare that 
President Diaz will resign and that the 
insurrectos are to be represented in 
administrative offices, both national and 
provincial. It is time that the drag- 
ging warfare should cease. The con- 
tinued disorder and despoiling of the 
country have grown to be unbearable. 
The spirit of revolt has spread until the 
land is honeycombed with insurrection. 
Religious distinctions are entirely ig- 


Editorial Notes 


nored, Roman Catholics and Protestants 
serving in both armies and being ex- 
posed alike to the hazards of the time. 
It is cause for rejoicing that the Presi- 
dent of the United States has stood 
firmly for non-intervention; the send- 
ing of American troops into Mexico for 
neutral police duty, however single 
and honest in purpose, would certainly 
have been misunderstood and might 
easily have produced disastrous results. 
There is ground for hope as well as 
reason for prayer that Mexico may now 
enter upon a new era of orderly and 
harmonious progress. 

Several new workers are now on 
the way to their fields. Miss Lulu G. 

Bookwalter goes to Ceylon 
0^1^'" under the adoption of the 

Woman's Board of Missions. 
She was bom in Knoxville, Tenn., her 
father having been connected with sev- 


eral educational institutions. Her edu- 
cation was obtained in the public schools 
of Toledo, 0.; afterwards she was a 
student in Smith College for a while, 
but was graduated from Otterbein 
University, Westerville, 0. She is a 
member of the Plymouth Church, Co- 

lumbus, 0. Miss Bookwalter seems to 
have inherited in good measure the 
qualities of her family, which has been 
noted for its devotion to educational 
and missionary work. 

On April 29 sailed from Boston Miss 
Zada Curtiss and Miss Alice J. Powers, 

both going to Madura, 
J^r\l'Sl^^ Miss Curtiss for a three 

years' term of service, in 
view of the pressing needs of that mis- 
sion. Miss Curtiss is a graduate of 
both Oberlin High School and College. 
She has taught in Bible training 
schools, and was led to engage in this 
work because of her supreme interest 
in missions. Miss Powers is a native 
of Illinois and a graduate of the uni- 
versity of that state ; she is a sister of 
Rev. Lawrence J. Powers, who joined 
the Madura Mission last year. She 
goes out under private arrangements, 
and not as a missionary of the Board, 
to teach for a term of years in the Kodi- 
kanal School for Missionary Children. 

On May 20 sailed Miss Rachel B. 
North and Miss Theda B. Phelps, both 
as expert nurses. Miss North 
J^^^JJ^ went out in 1905 for tempo- 
rary service in the mission 
hospital at Talas, Cesarea station. 
Western Turkey. She returned to this 
country last year, and has now received 
appointment under the Board as a mis- 
sionary nurse to be connected with the 
hospital at Mardin, Eastern Turkey, 
her support to come from that institu- 
tion. Miss Phelps goes for service in 
the Talas Mission Hospital, and seems 
specially fitted for the position there. 
Her home is in Cheyenne, Wyo. ; after 
graduation from the Illinois Training 
School for Nurses she has had a long 
and varied experience in her profession, 
both in private and institutional work. 

A FORMER chief clerk in the Bible 
House at Yokohama, Mr. T. Hoshono, 

now holding a responsible 
flro^oST''* position in the Bank of 

Korea at Seoul, writes to 
Rev. Henry Loomis, the American 
Bible Society's representative in Japaui 



Editorial Notes 


that Christian work in Korea is as en- 
couraging as ever. "Peace prevails 
throughout the country; morality of 
the Japanese is improving rapidly, and 
their attitude toward the Koreans is 
undergoing a great change. Mission- 
aries are being well understood, partly 
due to their good sense and partly to 
the efforts of all officials and Chris- 
tians. There is no denying that General 
Terauchi is the very man to govern 
this country, and God is evidently mak- 
ing a good instrument of him in its 
bettering." All of which is good news 

News dispatches announce that Eng- 
land has at last yielded to China's plea 
aboOmt ^^^ ^he aroused senti- 

MiiMt4Mie in th* meut of her own people 
A>ti.opi«.» Ficfat ^j agrees to suppress 
the traffic in opium from India to 
China as fast as China suppresses the 
cultivation of the poppy. A remark- 
able victory this for the cause of 
opium reform in China, and a fine 
preparation for the International Con- 
ference for the Suppression of the 
Opium Evil to be convened at The 
Hague, by the call of President Taft, 
on the 1st of July this year. All friends 
of missions to the Ekust, indeed all lov- 
ers of mankind may well unite in inter- 
cession for God's blessing upon this 
important conference. 

From June 23 to July 4 there will be 
celebrated in Natal the seventieth anni- 
AMiHioawy versary of the coming of 

Conference the gOSpcl tO the ZuluS. 

in Natoi rj^^^ ^^^ Missionary Con- 

ference, representing most of the so- 
cieties in the colony, has voted to co- 
operate in observing this important 
anniversary in a way to promote defi- 
nite lines of co-operation among soci- 
eties differing both denominationally 
and in nationality. The conference 
first meets in Maritzburg, with "Co- 
operation " as the keynote of its pro- 
gram, both missionaries and native 
pastors discussing its problems, first 
separately and then together. On July 
1-2 interdenominational conventions 

will be held at six mission stations, 
each a center of a large district, and 
each under a different society. July 
3-4 in Durban a native industrial ex- 
hibit will be held, culminating in a 
public meeting presided over by the 
governor general. Prayer for the suc- 
cess of this undertaking is requested, 
especially during the week of May 

Mention is gladly made again in 
these columns of the summer home 

called Mountain Rest, es- 
S^nBet tablished by Dr. Dow- 

kontt at Goshen among 
the hills of Western Massachusetts, and 
now maintained by Mrs. Dowkontt. 
Healthful, attractive, modest in its 
prices, congenial in its society, this 
summer home affords special advan- 
tages to missionaries looking for a 
quiet resting place. For information, 
terms, etc., one should write to Mrs. 
George D. Dowkontt, Goshen, Mass. 

A NEW advocate of peace and good 
will between the United States and 
Japan has appeared. The 
Friend, "the oldest paper 
west of the Rocky Moun- 
tains," published in Honolulu since 
1843, announces through its manager, 
Mr. Theodore Richards, five scholar- 
ships in the Mid-Pacific Institute of 
Honolulu free to the young men of 
Japan for the best essays on the sub- 
ject, " Friendly Relations between Ja- 
pan and America and How They May 
Best Be Maintained." These scholar- 
ships amount to $400 apiece, with an 
extra $100 for traveling expenses. The 
Friend also proposes to use its columns 
systematically to promote a good un- 
derstanding between the two countries 
it seeks to serve. 

The new conditions and problems of 
missionary work in Turkey, due largely 
to the political changes in 
that empire, call for care- 
ful study and possible re- 
adjustments. To that end it is pro- 
posed to hold a conference of all the 
Board's Turkey missions in 1912, to 

of Pence 

An AU.TnrkcT 


Editorial Notes 


Tkm CyruB HamUb 

be attended by representatives of the 
missions and a deputation selected 
from the executive officers, the Pru- 
dential Committee, the Corporate Mem- 
bers, and the wide constituency of the 
Board. The plan contemplates a pre- 
liminary tour of the field by part of 
the deputation, to inspect conditions 
and to secure data upon which the 
conference shall deliberate and make 
its recommendations. Further an- 
nouncement of the plans for this 
important conference will be made 

Bangor Theological Seminary will 
make the commemoration of the one 
hundredth anniversary 
of the birth of Cyrus 
Hamlin a notable fea- 
ture of its graduation week this year. 
The entire day of Tuesday, June 6, will 
be occupied with these memorial exer- 
cises, including the unveiling of a me- 
morial tablet, the gift of some of Dr. 
Hamlin's Armenian pupils and friends 
now living in or near New York and 
designed by his son. Prof. A. D. F. 
Hamlin, of Columbia University. Ad- 
dresses will be made by representatives 
of institutions with which Dr. Hamlin 
was connected: Bowdoin and Middle- 
bury Colleges, Bangor Seminary, Rob- 
ert College, the American Board, and 
the Western Turkey Mission. 

The Marathi Mission, finding th&t the 
American Board has difiiculty in se- 
curing young men and 
women to supply even 
those re-enforcements 
that are authorized by the Prudential 
Committee for the different fields, is- 
sues a novel appeal, addressed especially 
to the students of institutions patron- 
ized by the Board's constituency, but 
to other Christian students as well. 
After urging the general call to mis- 
sionary service, this appeal particular- 
izes upon the Marathi field, taking up 
the different stations one by one, with 
a brief description of the work done in 
them and the great opportunity and 
need of the present time. The differ- 

A Fresh Appeal for 

ent kind of workers and the qualifica- 
tions desired are also set forth, and the 
appeal is signed by the twelve mission- 
aries on the field at the time it was 
issued, March 1, 1911. It is inter- 
esting to note that these twelve men 
represent eight colleges : five are from 
Amherst, and one each from Williams, 
Olivet, University of Vermont, Prince- 
ton, Yale, Oberlin, and University of 
Minnesota. Seminary representation is 
as follows: Andover, two; three each 
from Hartford, Yale, and Union. 

It is a genuine surprise to have laid 
on our table a copy of the Mindanao 

Daily Herald for Febru- 
l^i^tS!!^^' ary 11, printed at Zambo- 

anga, P. I. It is a paper 
of ten pages, well printed in English, 
filled chiefly with advertisements. Ap- 
parently it was issued daily for a brief 
period only, during the continuance of 
a great fair in which the different dis- 
tricts of Mindanao were exploited. 
This particular number is devoted to 
Davao, and the exhibit presented from 
the district during the fair. The chief 
article is written by Major Henry Gils- 
heuser, governor of the district, which 
has the most varied population of any 
territory of equal area in the Philippine 
Islands, being occupied by. so many 
tribes that the number of dialects 
spoken is approximately twenty. 

In this article the governor depicts 
the importance of the great Island of 
Mindanao, and speaks of the three 
schools established by the American 
Board in different sections; these 
schools the governor himself has visited 
and declares to be in excellent condi- 
tion. He then adds concerning our 
mission hospital at Davao : '* Dr. Sib- 
ley, the physician in charge, is doing 
work which calls for the highest com- 
mendation. The spirit and enthusiasm 
which he displays in connection with 
his work have made him beloved and 
respected by everybody in the district." 
It is pleasant to find such commenda- 
tion bestowed upon our missionary by 
this military and civil governor of the 
region. , 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

The DA^'S 



By Miss ELIZABETH C. CLARKE, of Sofia, Bulgaria 

IT was on a snowy Tuesday morning 
that I started out to visit our 
branch kindergarten about a mile 
away in what is called ** Youch Buwar," 
or "Four Wells," a name witnessing 
Turkish times and a city less thickly 

It saves time to take the tram down 
Vilosh Street, which looks straight up 
to our beautiful mountain of that 
name, past Svyati Kraal, the Orthodox 
cathedral church, then transferring to 
another line which starts on towards 
the station, but branches by the one 


mosque remaining in Sofia to go down 
Pirot Street, the busiest part of the 
lower city. Our kindergarten is so 
placed that it is accessible to the chil- 
dren of small officials, independent 
tradespeople, and also to the very poor. 
We have both Jews and Bulgarians, 
with an occasional representative of 
other nations. 

The snow was falling fast, and 
mothers might with reason have 


thought their five and six year olds 
better off at home ; but I found eight- 
een already gathered in the kinder- 
garten circle, and two came in later — 
a score of children, of whom only four 
were girls, an inequality rather charac- 
teristic of our kindergartens. One of 
the late comers was Todorka, the pale, 
mouselike little daughter of happy-go- 
lucky Macedonian parents. She ex- 
cused herself for not bringing the 
monthly fee by saying, '*We don't 
have any money at our house these 
days ; mother bought father a pair of 
shoes which are too small 
for him, so he is cross and 
won't work." However, we 
were glad to have her even 
without her fee, for some- 
times Todorka does not 
come to kindergarten, but 
goes to the public bath in- 
stead, and spends her morn- 
ing splashing about in the 
swimming tank, while her 
mother scrubs the rest of 
the children from head to 
heel. Many people in this 
part of the world bathe, or 
don't bathe, with a venge- 
The twenty children filled 
the larger of their two rooms quite full 
enough even when seated quietly in the 
circle, and I wondered where their ab- 
sent comrades could find place when 
they came, as come they do this year 
in larger numbers than ever before in 
that part of the city. Is the attractive 
power in those two beautiful brown- 
eyed young women whose kingdom it 
is? Both the children and their par- 
ents are ver^.fjDn^^pf them and with 


The Day's Round in a Mission Kindergarten 


good reason. The children are not as 
interesting at first sight, but their in- 
dividuality crops out during the morn- 
ing. Still there is a difference between 
our two kindergartens, such as may be 
noticed between kindergartens in richer 
and poorer sections of American cities, 
a difference in spontaneity, in manners, 
in the expression of face, as well as in 
dress, which gives the wealthier chil- 
dren the advantage in a certain way. 

There is a difference, too, in the at- 
mosphere of the kindergarten, a cer- 
tain nervous noisiness which might well 
come from overcrowding in addition to 
ill-fitting, hobnailed shoes, and from 
the lack of the harmonizing influence 
of a good piano. This was particularly 
noticeable during the marching. There 
was not the joy of motion, the uncon- 
scious rhythm of little feet, the general 
impression of harmony which in the 
more favored kindergarten often puts 
one in tune for the whole morning. 
The piano is in evidence in the 
full dignity of its more tiian 
sixty years. The first piano to 
be brought into the country, even 
its oldest friends are coming- ta 
the painful conclusion that Us 
room would be of greater edu- 
cative value than its 

Several times during 
the morning the ques- 
tion asked itself, *'To 

what extent have we the moral right to 
receive children into kindergartens in 
which conditions must of necessity be 
far from ideal ; are we doing more 
harm than good ; in this case is a half 
loaf better than no bread ? ' ' The house 
is as well adapted to its purpose as any 
found during hours of house hunting, 
and serves also as the home of our 
sunny-faced Bible worker, who uses the 
kindergarten rooms for meetings and a 
Sunday school for Orthodox children in 
that section of the city, when they are 
taxed to their utmost. 

In spite, however, of small rooms and 
weather which forbade the use of the 
yard at playtime, the children spent a 
happy morning with the usual round 
of kindergarten experiences and activ- 
ities, and scattered after the good-by 
song, each holding securely an invita- 
tion to mother to come to the monthly 
mothers' lecture to be given the next 
Thursday. They are trusty little post- 
men, these children, nor do 
they consider their duty done 
when the" in\itation is deliv- 
ered. Mamma is reminded 
again when the day comes» is 
warned not to be late, and 
sometimes is even escorted to 
1^^"^ the lecture lest 

"^ she miss her way 

The Eeleheff 
Street kindergar- 
ten rooms are a 

Boris, Nada. and Vera, children of His Majesty's Adjutant 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 


The Day's Round in a Mission Kindergarten 


sort of neutral meeting ground for 
various purposes in addition to the 
mothers' lecture course. 

That Tuesday in question was an off 
day for the kindergarten normal class, 
and two meetings had been called for 
the afternoon. There was first the 
annual meeting of the general Alumnae 
Association for all women and girls who 
have attended any one of the three 
American schools in the country. It 
is not a very flourishing organization 
just at present; our president has 
many irons in the fire, and acts with 
more impulse than system. She had 
called this impromptu meeting partly 
to make sure of a sympathetic attend- 
ance at the following meeting of the af- 
ternoon, one for those interested in the 
organizing of a Young Women's Chris- 
tian Association in Sofia. 

There are a great many discourage- 
ments to be faced by mission schools, 
and I fancy that one of the most gen- 
eral comes from the fact that young 
men and women educated in them often 
do not take the courageous stand for 
Christ which their teachers have hoped 
they would. Often we hear the fling 
that they are Christians only as long 
as they are in school. In Sofia one has 
opportunity to meet many of whom 
this is no doubt said, but I am more 
and more convinced that there will be 
the final fulfillment of the promise in 
Isaiah 55: 11. An Orthodox young 
woman, a graduate from Samokov, 
said to me not long ago : " We cannot 
forget the school and the truths we 
learned there. We may have remained 
stanch Orthodox to the end of the 
course, we may have talked vehe- 
mently against the Protestants, but we 
are changed; our ideals, our outlook 
upon life can never be what they would 
have been but for that school. Down 
in our hearts we know the truth." Is 
it not a proof of this statement, that 
among those most actively interested 
in every good project in the country 
one is sure to find former pupils of 
mission schools? This is true of the 
present Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation movement. 

Some of us have long felt that con- 
ditions in Bulgaria, and perhaps espe- 
cially here in Sofia, call for a strong 
union of all good elements in the coun- 
try. There are frequent proofs that 
the gospel leaven has been and is work- 
ing throughout the nation. Thought- 
ful members of the national church 
realize that something more than dead 
formalism is needed to stay the rising 
tide of infidelity and immorality. How 
can this conviction of theirs be brought 
to the front and put to use in the most 
aggressive evangelical way? Is there 
not common ground on which we can 
fight the common foe with matuiU 
encouragement and helpfulness? 

The Christian Associations for young 
men and women, with their backing of 
world-wide effort on interdenomina- 
tional lines, which are at the same time 
so strongly Christian, offer one answer, 
and various efforts have been made to 
bring the need of such Associations be- 
fore the women of the city, but so far 
with slow and small results. "Why 
Christian? Our young people care 
nothing for religion. It is another 
form of Protestant propagandism," 
comes from one side; from the other: 
" We cannot work in harmony with the 
national church. Whatever we do let 
us do as Protestants." ** Let us co-op- 
erate as Christians," says the third 
party, and it was this party which won 
its first battle that Tuesday afternoon. 

After warm discussion, and rather 
too vigorously expressed differences of 
opinion, there was chosen a committee 
of nine women, consisting of two Ro- 
man Catholics, three Orthodox, and 
four Protestants, one of whom is a 
Lutheran, to forward the Young Wo- 
men's Christian Association cause. Cir- 
cumstances point to rapid developments 
in the near future along Association 
lines for the benefit of both young men 
and young women; toward the fuller 
harvesting of seed sown during the 
past fifty years, amid difficulties and 
discouragements not a few. 

In little more than a decade our pres- 
ent kindergarten boys and girls will 
be in the university. God grant that 

Digitized by 



John Hyde DeForest, D.D. 


they find a purer atmosphere than is 
breathed by students there today, that 
they themselves may prove loyal cham- 
pions of truth and righteousness ! 

Still another gathering met in the 
kindergarten hall that Tuesday even- 

ing, for this is the temporary home of 
the local young people's society. They 
hold their prayer meetings here on 
Sunday afternoons, and Tuesday even- 
ings have socials, business meetings, or 
sometimes a lecture. 

JOHN HYDE Deforest, d.d. 

An Appreciation 

By Rev. GEORGE ALLCHIN, of Osaka, Japan 

IN the death of Dr. DeForest at Sen- 
dai, Japan, on May 8, the Japanese 
have lost one of their most ardent 
friends and the Japan Mission another 
of its veteran workers. 

No missionary 
had a closer 
knowledge of the 
life and thought 
of prominent 
Japanese than 
Dr. DeForest. 
His was the life 
of an ordinary 
missionary, and 
yet he entered 
the inner circles 
of Japanese cul- 
ture and mingled 
with the best 
of Japanese soci- 
ety. He was on 
the most inti- 
mate terms, not 
only with the 
Japanese preach- 
ers and Chris- 
tians, but with 
diplomats, edu- 
cators, and mili- 
tary leaders. 
This intimacy 
sprang from his 

unusual facility in speaking the Jap- 
anese language, his enthusiasm and 
cheerfulness of manner, and deep sym- 
pathy with the Japanese people in every 
phase of their private or public life. 


Dr. DeForest was born at Westbrook, 
Conn., in 1844, the son of Rev. W. A. 
Hyde. He was educated at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, and Yale College, 
from which he was graduated in 1868, 
and from Yale 
Theological Sem- 
inary in 1871. 
After three 
years of service 
as a pastor of 
the Congrega- 
tional Church at 
Mt. Carmel, 
Conn., he joined 
the Japan Mis- 
sion of the Amer- 
ican Board in 
1874, only five 
years after the 
establishment of 
the mission. For 
twelve years he 
labored in the 
great commercial 
city of Osaka» 
being identified 
with the found- 
ing of five of the 
churches of that 
city, which have 
shown such re- 
markable expan- 
sion during the past thirty years. But 
most of his missionary career has been 
spent in the smaller city of Sendai, a 
place removed from direct Western in- 
fluences, and yet one of great impor- 


The World in Boston 


tance in the educational and military 
life of the nation. 

Although he ranked among the high- 
est as a pulpit and platform speaker, 
for five years after his arrival in Japan 
Dr. DeForest did little public speaking 
in Japanese. He laid the foundation 
of his linguistic abilities in his study 
and in the private houses of the Japa- 
nese in Osaka, talking with them freely 
about the fire-bowl. From the begin- 
ning he deprecated the establishment 
of Western forms of Christianity or 
Western methods of propagandism, 
emphasizing the theory and practice 
of self-support and self-control of the 
native church. He recognized the good 
that is to be found in non-Christian 
faiths and the universal workings of 
the Holy Spirit in preparing the peo- 
ples of the East for the higher truths 
and ideals contained in the gospel. 

Although his residence had been only 
in two cities, he felt that he belonged 
to all Japan ; traveling extensively, he 
spoke to the Japanese wherever he 
could find them, even in Korea. Hawaii, 
and California. It was most fortunate 
for Japan, and for America too, that 
he was on furlough in his homeland 
just as Captain Hobson in public ad- 
dress was predicting war between Ja- 
pan and the United States. Dr. De- 
Forest was immediately called to the 
public platform to reply to these stupid 
and unreasonable forecasts. In recog- 
nition of his splendid service by voice 
and pen in dispelling anti-Japanese 
thoughts and feelings in America, and 
because of his labors for the soldiers 
on the battle fields of Manchuria, the 

Japanese government presented Dr. 
DeForest with the Order of the Rising 

He was a vice-president of the Peace 
Society of America, and was interested 
in all world-wide movements that made 
for the betterment of the human race, 
especially for the bringing together of 
the E^t and the West in fraternal 
good will. He was a prolific writer as 
well as a strong speaker, and his favor- 
ite topics centered around the two great 
truths of Christianity, the Fatherhood 
of God and the Brotherhood of Man. 
His book, ** Sunrise in the Sunrise 
Kingdom/' written a few years ago 
for mission study classes under the 
direction of the Young People's Mis- 
sionary Movement, has been the text- 
book for the stewards connected with 
Japan in The World in Boston. 

No missionary in Japan won his way 
so closely into the hearts of the Japa- 
nese as did Dr. DeForest. Nothing 
delighted him more than to have a call 
at his home from a preacher, a priest, 
or an ofiicial to talk over the broad in- 
terests of the kingdom of God. He 
will be sadly missed, especially by the 
Japan Mission, still mourning the death 
of Dr. Davis, and by the preachers of 
the Kumi-ai churches, with whom he 
had the most intimate relations. 

Dr. DeForest had been ill for some 
months, and though hopes were enter- 
tained of his recovery, the tidings of 
his death were not wholly unexpected. 
Mrs. DeForest and four children sur- 
vive him : one daughter in China ; one 
in Japan; one now on her way to 
Japan, and a son in Washington, D. C. 


'*TI TARVELOUS!" is uniformly 
IVI the exclamation of the visitor 
as he comes away from the 
Mechanics Building and its spectacle. 
For the huge Missionary Exposition is 
first of all a spectacle. It is that, even 
in the nudn Hall of Exlybits, where 
40,000 square feet of floor space have 

been transformed into what seems an 
endless chain of scenes and courts rep- 
resenting the fields of mission work at 
home and abroad. Elaborate scenic 
backgrounds, designed with much art, 
produce an effect of depth and dis- 
tance, making each of the limited areas 
look like a veritable section of a village[^ 


The World in Boston 



This make-up of David Livinfirstone in the Second 

Episode of the Pageant corresponds in all 

details to existent photographs, to 

Stanley's records, and to the 

memory of Livingstone's 


a broad stretch of country, or a city 
street. Winding passageways, opening 
into arcades or 

main avenues be- 
tween the painted 
cloth walls, both 
separate and 
unite these sev- 
eral countries. In 

and out the maze of avenues passes a 
continuous throng of sight-seers ; stew- 
ards flit about in their gay costumes; 
before some court, a temple, or about 
some picturesque figure, an inquisitive 
group gathers; while above the usual 
hum of a moving crowd is heard the 
sound of musicians or the near-by 
voice of an earnest lecturer. Looking 
down the vistas of these aisles and 
catching at every angle the symbol of 
some foreign land or faith, one is re- 
minded of the inspiring missionary 
aim, the bringing together of the 
world through Christ. 

But the visitor who settles down to 
study the Exposition finds it far more 
than a spectacle ; a carefully assembled 
exhibit of the missionary enterprise. 
Within the "scene," as the section as- 
signed to each country is called, and 
in charge of its display, he finds a com- 
pany of stewards, ever ready and on 
the whole surprisingly well informed, 
to describe to him the significance of 
each structure and every article, and 
to interpret from time to time in some 
performance a characteristic aspect of 
the people's life. Supplementing these 
stewards are experienced missionaries, 
who will also and more fully recount 
to each group of visitors the story of 
their land and its people's life, and 
answer the stream of questions which 
is always forthcoming. 

The amount of unpaid service ren- 

Fetishes Conso Hut 

The Granary 

School and Chapd 



The World in Boston 


dered by this army of guides to the 
Exposition is one of its marvels. Herein 
some missionaries of the American 
Board are rendering eminent aid : Mr. 
and Mrs. Neipp in the West Africa 
scene, where the overthrow of the 
witch doctor is graphically presented ; 
Mr. Churchill, operating his hand loom 
of India in the industrial section ; Dr. 
Tucker, as he shows how a 
mission hospital is managed 
in China, or lectures on ad- 
ventures and humors of a 
missionary's life; Mr. All- 
chin, the ubiquitous head of 
the large Japanese section 
and leader of the choir 
which renders stirring Japa- 
nese songs; or the veteran 
Dr. J. K. Greene, whose 
short talks to the companies 
who halt at the sound of his 
voice are among the fea- 
tures of the day in the 
Mohammedan lands section. 
Upon the second floor of 
this Hall of Exhibits the 
educational purpose of the 
Elxposition becomes yet more 
manifest. For here is the 
portrayal of educational 
missions, also by countries, 
and here are held such oc- 
casional demonstrations as 
show schools and classes at 
work, while extensive mod- 
els grive clear idea of mis- 
sion compounds and college 
plants. One large room on 
this floor is devoted to the Hall of 
Methods, where one can examine the 
devices by which missionary interest 
is being won and developed among 
both sexes and all ages of people. 
Here on every day and all day long 
are to be found leaders of mission 
work, profiting by what others have 
invented and have loaned for display. 
In this hall also is conducted an elab- 
orate series of conferences for mission- 
ary workers, which, if not largely at- 
tended, yet supplies to those who are 
alert and inquiring systematic training 
in the best appliances and methods of 
missionary work in the churches. 

The Pageant of Darkness and Light 
in the Grand Hall also is much more 
than a spectacle. It is that of course ; 
for saying that it consists of four 
episodes representing dramatically the 
coming of Christianity and its advance 
in so many representative dark quar- 
ters of the world — among the Indians 
of North America, in Livingstone's 

Photo by Notmaa 

A Cowboy 

A Korattn 

Courtesy of TMf Congren^ationaiist 

A Turkish Lady 


country in Africa, in India heavy with 
the sorrow of its child widows, and in 
the Sandwich Islands as the old witch- 
craft is defied — is very far from indi- 
cating the quality of the presentation 
which the pageant offers. The superb 
staging of these episodes, the care and 
finish given to the scenic effects, the. 
massing of scores and even hundreds 
of participants upon the stage, the 
skill of the acting and the power of the 
music both in its solo parts and its 
choruses, all leading up to a thrilling 
climax in a noble song of Christian 
triumph by the entire company, with[^ 
the audience joining in the closing dox^ 


Digitized by V^OOQlC 


This picture ahows how realiatically the "acenee" are set against effective backgrounds 

ology, "All people that on earth do 
dwell," make a spectacle, or rather a 
succession of spectacles, that will be 
long: remembered. 

And yet the pageant is far more than 
a spectacle, as through all is felt its 
Christian spirit and its missionary ap- 
I)eal. The unique service of the pro- 
locutors, whose recital before each 
episode gives the key to its interpreta- 
tion, has much to do with the sobering 
of the spectator as he watches its pres- 
entation. Secretary Bell, of the Amer- 
ican Board, Rev. Allen A. Stockdale, of 
Boston, and Rev. H. Grant Person, of 
Newton, are rendering valued service 
in this important role. 

The question is constantly asked, 
"Will it pay? " It is a fair question. 
It has cost a huge amount : $100,000 or 
more in cash ; prodigious labor on the 
part of a considerable number of lead- 
ers for from one to three years, and of 
a multitude of workers for from three 
to six months ; such absorption of time 
and strength as has practically stopped 
many usual lines of church work in 
Greater Boston. Is it likely to pay for 
all this outlay? It is too early to an- 

swer this question fully or absolutely. 
The financial outlook is good; it is 
certain that the deficit, if any, will be 
small. The Exposition has unmistak- 
ably " caught on." It asked for 10,000 
stewards, and got more than that num- 
ber ; for 3,000 singers, and got enough ; 
1,000 general stewards, and secured 
2,000; in all. nearly 20,000 volunteer 
workers are even paying for their ad- 
mission tickets and their car fares. This 
in itself is a success almost beyond be- 
lief. Moreover, these workers have 
become enthusiastic. Missionaries in 
charge report that many stewards are 
eager to learn more about their fields ; 
already, as noted in the Home De- 
partment, offers of missionary service 
are coming from their number. 

The attendance also is far exceeding 
anticipation. Nothing like it has ever 
been known in the history of Mechanics 
Building. And it is a representative 
attendance; all ages and all classes of 
people come; and there is something 
to interest and benefit all. Literally 
multitudes of children have come on 
regular days as well as on Saturday p 
mornings, and it has been a pleasuije^ 



The New Missionary Concert 


to watch their delight. The exhibits, 
the plays and games representing child 
life in different lands, moving pictures, 
scenes in the Tableau Hall and other 
events of this most complex Exposition 
are unvandngly charming to the chil- 
dren as to many of their elders. The 
indifferent spectator, possessed of no 
knowledge of missions and who is 
merely curious to see what a missionary 
exposition is, also discovers something to 
interest and hold his attention. Almost 
never does any one go away complain- 
ing that he finds it tedious. Mission- 
ary leaders in the churches repeat their 
visits for more information and inspi- 
ration. And the stanch friends of 
missions in the churches are exhil- 
arated with a new sense of the magni- 
tude and power of the enterprise for 
which they have given and prayed all 
their lives long. 

It is possible to find blemishes in this 
large and complex undertaking. But 
the marvel is rather that there is so 

little to criticise; that the exhibits 
were practically ready at the start; 
that there is so general ability and de- 
votion on the part of the volunteer 
aids ; that the conferences and lectures 
are on the whole well followed by a 
company that is primarily interested 
in sight-seeing ; and that in the midst 
of so much crowding and hard work 
there is uniform good nature, kind- 
liness, and decorum. Every visitor to 
the World in Boston must feel that 
"there is a difference," a certain ele- 
vation of tone and temper that marks 
it as truly a Christian and a missionary 
Exposition. Many exhibits of manu- 
factures and machinery have been held 
in this old Mechanics Building, one of 
Boston's distinctive institutions. Yet 
it has now the memorable exhibit of 
its history, as it displays the finest 
machinery, that of spiritual forces, and 
the richest products of manufacture, 
those of the Christian life and civiliza- 


By Rev. WILUAM W. SLEEPER, of Wellesley, Mass. 

I made a valuable and permanent 
contribution to the churches by 
the preparation of a series of song 
leaflets entitled, ** Native Melodies," 
handsomely printed in octavo form, 
each containing a sufficient number of 
characteristic songs to make a complete 
missionary concert. There are six of 
these leaflets, one each for Japan, 
China, Armenia, and Bulgaria ; one for 
the spiritual songs of the Telugus in 
India, and one for popular tribal melo- 
dies of our North American Indians. 

In selecting the songs which represent 
these various countries and peoples, the 
aim has been to choose melodies that 
are both distinctive in character and 
not too difficult for ready use. Except- 
ing a few Chinese and Japanese airs, 
the songs have been harmonized and 
can be readily played on piano or organ. 

The original words are reproduced, one 
or two stanzas of each hymn or song 
being printed under the notes in pho- 
netic English letters, with a simple key 
for pronunciation. Thus each selection 
can be sung as in the native countries. 
English translations are added in all 
cases, and many of th^e versions are 
metrical and adapted to the original 

In the Exposition these leaflets are 
used by large choirs, drawn from the 
churches of Greater Boston, in daily 
concerts which have attracted great 
attention and elicited much praise. 

The traditional ** missionary concert " 
is not a concert. Even this elastic word 
cannot be stretched to cover properly 
the miscellaneous assortment of mate- 
rials comprising the usual program. 
If we desire to give a musical turn to 
the meeting, we have to lament the 


The New Missionary Concert 


poverty and staleness of our ordinary 
hymnals under the subject of missions, 
and we marvel that the most appealing: 
and successful movement of Christen- 
dom has not inspired our Christian 
song writers to more constant and suc- 
cessful efforts. 

But with the aid of these little leaf- 
lets, which for the first time bring the 
music o