FOR YOUNG PEOPLB:
BV 2090 .W45 1899
Wells, Amos RT 1862-1933
The missionary manual
BOOKS BY AMOS R. WELLS
Christian Endeavor Grace Notes; 51 pp., paper, $
Elijah Tone, Citizen. 226 pp., cloth, illustrated, i
Golden Rule Meditations. 104 pp., cloth .
Junior Manual. 304 pp., cloth . . . . i
Junior Recitations. 125 pp., cloth
Little Sermons for One. 48 pp., cloth, illustrated,
Missionary Manual, The. 134 pp., cloth .
On the Lookout. 53 pp., paper . .
Our Crowning Meeting. 45 pp., paper
Our Unions. 122 pp., cloth
Prayer Meeting Methods. 174 pp., cloth .
Social Evenings. 142 pp., cloth ....
Social to Save. 159 pp. , cloth .....
Sunday School Endeavors. 44 pp., paper .
ganitcU Societj of ©iirtstian HnUeabor
Tremont Temple, Boston.
15s La Salle St., Chicago.
iAH 1 8 1931
A HANDBOOK OF METHODS FC
WORK IN YOUNG PEOPLE'S SOCIETIES
LUTHOR OF " FRAYER-MEETING METHODS," " THE JUNIOR
boston and chicago
United Society of Christian Endeavor
United Society of Christian Endeavor.
All Rights Resemitd.
F. H. GILSON COMPANY
FHINTERS AND BOOKBINDERS
BOSTON, U. 5. A.
No set of workers in our young people's societies
is so eager for work to do, or so enthusiastic in doing
the work, as our missionary committees. These en-
ergetic laborers have long needed a full and systematic
manual of directions and suggestions, such as this
book aims to be. A few volumes have taken up this
task in part and with admirable success, but none
with the completeness of detail or anything like the
fullness that I have attempted.
Those that use this book will find it practical. In-
deed, at least half of the plans here set forth have
been tried and proved by large numbers of societies
all over the world.
At the same time, however, recognizing the value
of novelty in this work as in most work, I have made
up the volume to a very large extent — probably half
— of original plans which have not before been pub-
lished. I trust that these new methods will be found
as useful as the old have been, and that they will give
fresh life to thousands of missionary meetings.
The book has been written with the one purpose of
promoting the growth of the Kingdom, of God. May
our Saviour use it to that end.
AMOS R. WELLS.
Boston, June, iSgg.
I. A Missionary Society 7
II. The Missionary Committee lo
III. Missionary Meetings 14
IV. Missionary Maps 41
V. Missionary Music 45
VI. Missionary Prayers 49
VII. Missionary Reading 52
VIII, Missionary Study Classes 63
IX. Missionary Letters 70
X. Missionary Museums 74
XI. Missionary Socials 77
XII. Missionary Money 89
XIII. Relief Work loi
XIV. Missions in the Junior Society .... 104
XV. Union Missionary Work no
XVI. Missionary Mass Meetings 1x7
XVII. Missionary Conferences . • _• • • -123
XVIII. Missions in Conventions 126
XIX. Missionary Spurs ......... 130
THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
A MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
It was a Great Dismal Swamp.
The ground was oozy underneath, and the matted
trees shut out the sky from above. Through the tan-
gled thickets crept poisonous things, and the only
paths were beaten down by savage beasts. Foul birds
of prey found the woods full of carcasses. The air
was heavy with miasmas, and a terrible silence was
everywhere, except when it was broken by a scream
that was worse than silence.
Men lived in this swamp — men and women and
little children.' Though one can hardly say they
lived, so dreadful were their lives in their wretched
hovels, surrounded with the terror of the jungle, and
cruel with all the wildness of the tigers and the cobras.
In this swamp there was born, one happy day, a
little babe who grew up to be a carpenter. That was
what the people called him — the Carpenter — though
he did work that no carpenter ever did before. For
not only did he build noble homes in place of the
filthy huts, but he taught the people how to make
drains so that the ground became sweet and firm.
How to quarry rock to lay upon this firm ground.
b THE MISSIONARY MAXUAL.
How to cut roads through the jungle and let in the
blessed sunlight and the clean, purifying air. How to
build a city with splendid public edifices and merry,
peaceful homes. How to raise the lofty cathedral in
the midst of it all.
And then the Carpenter died ; but as he died, almost
with his last breath he said to the weeping men around
him: " Do not stop here. Go ye into all the swamp
and redeem it. Go ye. Go."
Then for a few years they obeyed the Carpenter's
behest, and extended the borders of their pleasant
city wonderfully. But before long they began to
grow lazy, and quite too well satisfied with the fair
domain already won. They built a high wall over
which no tiger could leap. They soon forgot that
there was a swamp beyond, and the Carpenter's last
words passed entirely out of memory.
But the miasma was there, and often it crept over
the wall and stole in swift desolation among the mar-
ble palaces. And the tigers were there, nor could
these selfish folks quite close their ears to the screams
of the tigers' victims. For still there were millions of
people in the swamp, and still it extended for leagues
beyond the city of the Carpenter — an ever-present
threat and a silent accusation.
The story is a sad one, because it is true, God be
praised that with every year it is growing less true !
God be praised that he gives us young people some
share in the draining of the swamp, in obeying the
blessed Carpenter !
A MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 9
This is to be the motive of our missionary work —
simple obedience. " Go ye," Christ has said ; " make
disciples of all nations." And it is our life to obey.
No other incentive is needed to make every Chris-
tian Endeavor society a missionary society. There
is no need of the addition of our impelling motto,
" For Christ and the Church." There is no need to
urge that missionary work will increase the members'
interest in the society, that it will brighten all the
prayer meetings, stimulate the singing, vivify the
testimony, make the prayers vital ; that it will send us
all wdth new zest to the Bible ; that it will inculcate a
liking for the best reading, make us more liberal in
every direction, and greatly improve the discipline of
the society by setting all its members to work ; that it
widens immensely the intelligence, putting us in touch
with the most important of events, with the most
essential history. All of this is true, and all of it adds
to the argument for making our societies missionary
societies. But it is all on too low a level for those
that have taken our great pledge to do "whatever He
would like to have us do."
Thy command is enough, Lord Jesus. Thy words
are the way of joy, and we will follow therein. Thy
kingdom come, and Thy will be done, on earth as it
is in heaven. For Thine is the kingdom, and the
power, and the glory.
lO THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
THE MISSIONARY COMMITTEE.
What It Is. — If any committee in the society should
consist of enthusiasts, it is this committee. If any
should be inventive and persistent, courageous and
prayerful, it is these workers for the advancement of
the Kingdom. They should not be mere theorists.
No one can hope to get others interested in missions
who is not a missionary himself ; who is not ready,
that is, to go anywhere God wants him to go, and
do whatever God wants him to do, to win souls for
Christ, — and this although he may go no farther than
his own household, or the family next door.
The committee should be a praying committee. It
will fail if it does not remember its power : " Lo, I am .
with you alway."
No one should be placed upon this committee for
the sake of converting him to missions ; let the com-
mittee do that. It maybe necessary to place upon
this committee a few of the workers for term after
term ; but if they are genuine missionary enthusiasts,
the society will gain thereby. Only— let the com-
mittee never forget that its success, and its only
success, lies in making the other Endeavorers as
enthusiastic as the committeemen are themselves.
Definite Aims. — The mission field is so extensive
that no committee has greater need of definite aims
THE MISSIONARY COMMITTEE. I I
than the missionary committee. Choose these goals
early in the term of office. Be specific : so many books
to be read by each member; so much money to be
given ; so many missionary meetings to be held ; so
much information to be presented and mastered. Do
not be too ambitious, or you will accomplish noth-
ing ; but anything is better than not being ambitious
In Every Meeting.— Seek to get into every regular
prayer meeting of the society something about mis-
sions. Nearly every topic presented to our Christian
Endeavor societies has its missionary aspect. Appoint
different members of the committee in turn to develop
this side of the theme.
The Committee Organized. — Subdivide the work of
the committee so that each may know what he has
to do, and be responsible for some particular task.
One may be the secretary ; another the treasurer, and
have charge, not only of the collecting of money, but
of the Tenth Legion, and of other spurs to increased
benevolence. Another may be librarian, unless it
seems best to give the library in charge of some En-
deavorer outside the committee. At any rate, he will
seek to promote missionary reading and study. Still
another will be corresponding secretary, and carry on
the letter-writing. The relief work will be placed in
the hands of another, the missionary meetings in the
hands of another, the missionary socials will be
assigned to another, the work in newspaper and
magazine clipping to another, and so on. Each
committeeman will be chairman of the entire com-
mittee for the purpose of carrying on his especial
12 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
work ; and each month, for the sake of variety and
drill, these tasks will be shifted.
The Nucleus. — It may not be possible at once to
organize a missionary study class in your society, out-
side of the missionary committee ; but that committee
itself should surely constitute itself a study class, and
go right ahead in the systematic pursuit of missionary
information. It should meet regularly and often —
say once every two weeks ; and each committee meet-
ing should be a meeting for the study of some mis-
sionary field, or other definite missionary theme. If
a five-minute report of each of these studies is given
to the society at its next meeting, and if the report is
brightly made, it will not be long before the othe^"
Endeavorers will begin to question whether such
study would not be a good thing for them also.
Committee Leadership. — F'or training and for va-
riety, let the entire committee lead the first missionary
meeting of the season. The committee will sit facing
the society, and some part in the work of leading will
be assigned to each by the chairman. Thus the so-
ciety will learn, at the very outset of the term, just
who are on the missionary committee, and the mem-
bers of the committee wmII be impressed with their
Home and Foreign Committees. — For some reason —
chiefly the abundance of good literature on the foreign
fields — most missionary meetings, of young folks and
old folks alike, deal with the foreign rather than the
home fields, and this in spite of the fact that the pref-
erence of most Christian pocketbooks is for the home-
mission collection-box. Now, of course, we believe
THE MISSIONARY COMMITTEE. 13
that the field is one, at home or abroad, and to make
sure of an even presentation of its needs it may be
well to divide the missionary committee into two sub-
committees, one for home and the other for foreign
missions, each to conduct a meeting in turn. Let the
various members of the committee take turns in serv-
ing on each of these committees.
Personal Work. — Divide the members of the society
among the committeemen, giving each a group of
Endeavorers with whom he may talk, to get them
interested in missions. One may need to read more ;
another, perhaps, ought to be giving more; a third
should be influenced to pray more for missions, and
A Scrap-Book Apiece. — Some societies have a pleas-
ant system of assigning to each member of the mis-
sionary committee a missionary country upon which
he collects all kinds of clippings, pictures, and the
like, and pastes them in a scrap-book given him for
that purpose. Of course the committeemen exchange
scraps and aid one another. At the close of the term
of office these scrap-books are presented to the society,
each being prefaced with a written message from its
editor, and the wttole forms a fine addition to the
missionary library. As an adjunct to this labor, the
several committeemen may be asked to correspond
each of them with a missionary in the country he is
studying for his scrap-book.
14 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
A Good Missionary Meeting should be different from
the last good missionary meeting. It should present
missionary information not only in such a way that it
can be remembered, but in such a way that it cannot
be forgotten. It should not only make missionary
students, but create mission-lovers. If your meeting
puts people to sleep, it matters not how good it is —
or, rather, it is not good at all. There is not in all the
world a subject more interesting than missions, and
uninteresting missionary meetings are the most inex-
cusable kind of uninteresting meetings. That the
missionary meeting should be spiritual, that it should
be full of the spirit of prayer, that it should instruct,
that it should promote beneficence — all this, although
it may sound strange to say it — comes after the one
requirement that it be interesting. Interest in mis-
sions once gained, the marvellous facts will do the
rest ; they will provoke prayers and gifts and earnest
With these beliefs in mind, I have planned and col-
lected the following schemes for missionary meetings.
They will certainly be. found to be diversified, and I
know they are workable. It is my prayer that they
may be worked!
Be Original. — The plans given in this chapter —
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. I 5
and. for that matter, in this entire book — are not to
take the place of your own invention. They are
intended to help you form' your own plans and to
supplement the plans you may form yourself. Indeed,
your own plan is better for you than a much better
plan that is not your own, and your society, as well as
yourself, is likely to take more interest in it. Use
printed exercises, but also make up your own ; and
use these schemes for missionary meetings, but also
get up a few on your own account.
Missionary Bands. — This is an ideal plan for mis-
sionary work, provided it is not held to so long that it
becomes stereotyped. Divide the society into as
many groups as your denomination has important
mission fields — the China Band, the Japan Band, the
African Band, etc. Each band will have a leader who
will superintend its work. It will be the business of
the bands to study their respective countries and pre-
pare meetings upon them to be held during the year,
each band presiding over its own meeting. Thus you
are quite sure that every member of the society will
do some definite missionary reading, and also that all
the missionary work of your denomination will be laid
before the society during the year, A beneficial
'emulation among the bands is likely to be aroused,
each striving to present the best meeting.
The Number of Missionary Meetings to be held dur-
ing the year depends, of course, on the progress
already made in missionary interest. Four are laid
down in the uniform topics prepared by the United
Society of Christian Endeavor, one each quarter ; but
as soon as the society has developed sufficient enthusi-
1 6 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
asm to warrant it, by all means drop some of the other
topics and substitute missionary meetings for them.
You should have at least as many missionary meet-
ings in the course of the year as your denomination
has important mission fields.
The Topics of the regular missionary meetings laid
down in the United Society's list of topics are of
necessity general. The societies may substitute for
these general topics the consideration of special fields
in which they are interested, or they may use the gen-
eral topic and add to it whatever exercises they please
bearing on their special studies. If the general topic
is used, it is well for the missionary committee to pre-
pare a large number of practical questions applying
that topic to the actual missionary work of their
denomination. Give these questions to the members
beforehand, that they may come prepared to answer
them in the meeting.
When It Is Timely. — The missionary committee
should be prompt to seize upon subjects of timely
interest. While the war was in progress between this
country and Spain was the time of all others in which
to arouse interest in missions in Spain and the West
Indies. Do not hesitate to break in upon your pro-
gramme whenever any missionary country comes into
special prominence, and hold a meeting upon that
The Meeting Before the missionary meeting should
always be made a preparation for it, to a certain ex-
tent. The plans for that meeting should be unfolded,
unless even longer notice has been necessary. What-
ever is required from the members should be clearly
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 1/
explained, and prayers should be offered for its
Keep the Pledge. — Missionary meetings are ve
likely to be filled up with a few speakers. Tl
should be avoided as often as possible, but whenev^
it seems best that only a few should take part at
length, be sure to give some opportunity in the course
of the meeting for every one to fulfil his pledge to
" take some part in every meeting." Sentence pray-
ers for missions afford one opportunity ; the repeat-
ing of missionary Bible verses, another. In calling
for this, expressly request those to whom parts have
been assigned for the evening not to take part in
this exercise. An excellent way is at the close of the
meeting to ask the entire society to rise and as their
participation in the meeting to read in concert some
appropriate hymn from the song-book, or some pas-
sage from the Bible that has been copied on a large
sheet of paper or on the blackboard, so that all can
Assignment Slips. — Do not trust to folks' memo-
ries. Whenever the missionary committee wants
anything done by a member — whether it be to write
an essay, make a talk, lead in prayer, or read a single
item — let it write upon a piece of paper the mem-
ber's name, date of the meeting, subject, and time
alloted. Then there will be no mistake about it.
Appropriate Decorations should not be reserved for
the missionary social alone. Use them to brighten
up the regular missionary meeting also. The flag of
the country you are to study, a vase full of the flow-
ers associated with it. pictures of mission scenes on the
15 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
walls, even though they are not referred to during the
evening, have their effect and contribute to the interest.
Do Not Read. — Many missionary meetings are
quite spoiled by the dull reading of selections from
periodicals. This is the cheapest, easiest, and least
effective method of carrying-on a missionary meeting.
Better present a single fact, looking your audience in
the eye and using your own natural words, than pre-
sent fifty facts in the most eloquent language, if the
language is another's, and you have to read it. "Say
it in your own words" should be the constant exhor-
tation of the missionary committee whenever they
give out missionary articles or books upon which a
report is expected.
The Last Ten Minutes of a regular meeting may
be set aside for a course of missionary study if you
cannot get systematic missionary information before
the society in any other way. This weekly ten min-
utes, if wisely used, filled with pointed essays and
bright talks, the whole being fixed by short questions,
will soon suffice to give the Endeavorers an outline of
missionary history in general and the history of your
denomination's missions in particular.
An Examination may well be held at the close of
each missionary meeting. Announce at the opening
of the meeting that it will be held. Appoint one of
the best members to conduct it. Give him five min-
utes for the exercise. He will ask sharp, pointed
questions, which can be answered in few words, and
which cover the important points of information
brought out during the evening. The answers are to
be given in concert, and if they are weak on any
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 1 9
point, the examiner will ask the same question over
again further on.
A Summarist. — If for anj- reason it is not thought
best to hold the examination, appoint a " summarist,"
who will watch the evening's exercises carefulh' and
fill a few minutes at the end with a review of the
most important points brought out. Be sure to save
time for him. The danger of our missionary meet-
ings is that they will leave nothing behind them in
the mind. Nothing is taught unless something is
remembered. Remember that !
Home Missions. — The difficult^' of getting good
material for home-mission meetings should make you
especially zealous for this branch of the subject.
Try to hold as many home-mission meetings as for-
eign. Spend one evening telling the noble story of
how Whitman saved Oregon. Spend another on
Brainerd and Eliot and the other early missionaries
to the Indians. Such a book as Puddefoot's " Min-
utemen on the Frontier" (New York: T. Y. Crowell
and Co. $1.25) or any of Egerton R. Young's books,
will prove of intense interest. Subscribe to all the
home-mission magazines you can. You will find
them pulsing with the life-blood of heroes.
Use the Student Volunteers, if any are in your
neighborhood. These earnest young men and women
are always glad to address young people's societies
on the subject so dear to their hearts, and a meeting
led by one of them serves a double purpose — it in-
spires and instructs the society, and it shows the vol-
unteers that we are deeply interested in their work
20 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Anniversaries. — Make a list of the days of birth or
of death of great missionaries, and hold meetings oc-
casionally, on or near such anniversaries, to consider
their lives. For example, John E. Clough was born
on June i6, and Fidelia Fiske arrived at Oroomiah
on June 14, and Carey sailed for India, and Judson
reached Burmah, on June 13 — anniversaries that
should add much interest to any missionary meeting
held during that week. "The Missionary Daily
Text-Book" (New York: The Fleming H. Revell
Co.) is a useful compilation, if any one is in search of
"The Missionary Bulletin." — This is a home-made
missionary periodical. It may appear once a quarter
or oftener. Its editor should be some one interested
in missions, and also — a good coaxer ! He will write
the editorials, and as little besides as he can. Fill
the paper with thoughts upon missions, original po-
ems, bits of mission news collected by the members,
spurs to more generous giving. Do not forget a bit
of fun now and then. Put it in regular newspaper
form, and do not omit the advertisements. Even
these, however, should be harmonious, for you may
advertise for missionary pocketbooks, missionary
hands, and missionary tongues.
" Fuel for Missionary Fires " is a book by Belle M.
Brain, published by the United Society of Christian
Endeavor, and sold for 35 cents. It furnishes a great
deal of material for missionary meetings, and is
supplementary to the present volume, treating with
great fulness a number of valuable plans for mission-
ary meetings, and supplying a fund of mlsssionary
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 21
quotations and the like. All missionary committees
should have it.
Missionary Exercises that deal with the work of ai-
denominations are not easy to find, and so I mention
here the series published by the United Society of
Christian Endeavor. This series is especially full in
the subjects connected with the American continent.
A Biography Meeting. — One of the best kinds of
missionary meetings is based simply on a single he-
roic life devoted to the great cause. Get as many
copies of the biography as you can, and set as many
as possible to reading it. If you have only one copy,
those that are to participate in the meeting might
well gather in some home and read the book together,
each taking notes on the part he is to talk about.
Divide the life by topics. If Carey, for instance, is
the theme, you will ask one to tell about his antece-
dents and early life ; another to tell about the begin-
ning of the first missionary society ; others to describe
the establishment of the first English mission, the
Serampore Brotherhood. Carey's work as a trans-
lator, as a teacher, as a practical business man, as a
scientist, as a preacher, a soul-winner, the story of his
death, the summary of his life work. Maps and all
sorts of pictures showing Hindoo places and customs
should be exhibited. If each person speaks briefly
and to the point, such a meeting as this, dealing with
such men as Martyn, Paton, Mackay, Patteson, Duff,
Heber, Morrison, Gilmour, Hannington, Moffatt,
Livingstone, Judson, Hamlin, Coan, and others al-
most beyond number, cannot fail to leave behind it a
profound impression, and to influence for missions
22 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
all that are present, and especially those that take
A Progress Meeting. — This meeting might come at
the end of the year's work. It is for the purpose of
noting the encouraging omens all over the world.
Assign the different mission fields to different En-
deavorers, and instruct each to note the favorable
signs in the region he is treating. If there are dark
clouds, for this once pass them by. Make it a halle-
A Catechism Meeting. — One of the most attractive
of missionary meetings, a meeting especially valuable
because of the number of Endeavorers it brings in, is
one made up entirely of questions and answers. The
leader or the committee must prepare beforehand as
many questions as there are members in the society,
and write out short answers for the more inexperi-
enced, or give them the facts that they may write out
answers for themselves. Here is a sample set of
such questions : —
How many Christians are in the world, and how many not Chris-
How much would an average yearly gift of one dollar from each
Protestant in the world increase the funds of the foreign-mission
How much per member does our denomination give each year for
home missions ? for foreign missions ?
In what country are our denominational missions now most flour-
ishing? least flourishing ?
Is there any country or group of islands in the world to which the
gospel of Christ has not been taken ?
What is the most discouraging mission field ?
Whom do you consider the three greatest missionaries to Africa?
What missions of our denomination are the oldest ?
What country has the most missions of our denomination ?
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 23
What mission field of our denomination has been completely won,
and the work closed up ?
In what parts of India are our denominational missions ?
What is the greatest missionary society in the world ?
In what country do Methodist missions lead all others ? Congrega-
When was our foreign missionary society formed?
Who were the first missionaries of our denomination ?
Where, at present, are the leading centres of our own home-mission
What missionary periodicals does our church publish ?
Who do you think are the six greatest men among our denomina-
tional missionaries of the past and present ?
In general, what is the present condition of our missions in Japan ?
How much money has this society pledged to missions for this
What is tithe-giving, and what are its advantages ?
What is the most interesting book on missions you ever read ?
Who is your favorite missionary hero ?
What are some of the words of Christ that command missionary
It will be seen that these questions are intended to
arouse original thought, as well as to promote investi-
gation and give a sort of bird's-eye view of the mis-
sion field. Scores of such questions can be answered
in the course of an hour. It is a good plan to save
time at the close of the meeting for a review, the
same questions being asked at random, and the en-
tire society being expected to reply in concert. Or at
another meeting the programme may be repeated
without change for the purpose of fixing the facts in
A Language Meeting. — So much of missionary suc-
cess has been based upon the study of the strange
languages of this Babel of a world that a missionary
meeting may with profit be based upon the same
2 4 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Study. Take, for instance, a large home-made outline
map of India. Make from brightly colored adhesive
paper a set of circular wafers, one color for each of
India's great dialects — the Hindi, Marathi, Telugu,
Tamil, etc. Each wafer will be given to a different
Endeavorer, who will come forward when the leader
calls and fix it to the map in the proper place, at the
same time telling something about the language —
how many persons speak it, what great missionaries
have worked in that region, something about the char-
acter of the people, and the like. In this way the
polyglot nation of Egypt may be studied, and even
such a country as China, whose languages are not so
diverse — yet here there are the languages of the dif-
ferent classes, the written and the spoken languages.
The difficulties of these different tongues, the triumphs
missionaries have won over them, the pioneers in
language-study in each country, the influence of trans-
lations and of the establishment of a native literature
— all these and many similar themes will readily come
to mind. Of course, if you can, you will get hold of
the foreigners themselves, and get audible specimens
of the languages you are studying.
Missionary Women, — Since so large a part of the
Endeavorers are young women, we should have at
least one meeting entirely devoted to missionary
heroines. Buckland's " Women in the Mission Field "
(New York: Thomas Whittaker. 50 cents) will fur-
nish abundant material, but it should be supplemented
with studies of the women that are now doing noble
work for your own missionary boards, and with such
famous stories as that of Mrs, Judson.
MLSSIOXARV MEETINGS. 2$
A Modern Miracles Meeting. — The wonderful hap-
penings on the mission field are the nearest approach
to miracles we have in modern times, and furnish the
most convincing proofs of Christianity. Using such
books as Dr. Pierson's " Miracles of Missions," first
and second series (New York : Funk and Wagnalls,
Si.oo) crowd some evening full of brief accounts of
these marvellous events. When you tell about the
'•Lone Star" mission, hang a silver star before the
audience. When you tell about Murray's work for
the blind in China, hang by the side of the star a pair
of dark glasses. A small spear, the point dipped in
red ink, or a rainbow of pasteboard nicely painted,
will illustrate the story of Madagascar. In the same
way other symbols may be added as the evening pro-
Medical Missions will make a splendid theme for a
separate meeting. The story of Dr. Mackenzie, in
Beach's "Knights of the Labarum," (Chicago : Stu-
dent Volunteer Movement) is a sample of the many
inspiring lives that may be studied. The missionary
magazines are full of noble proofs of the value of
medical missions, and short anecdotes may be collected
to almost any extent. The meeting might well begin
with a recital of the need in heathen countries of care
for the body. It is a gruesome tale. Several Endeav-
orers should speak, each taking up one country. Then
should come the stories of medical missions, and of
how they have opened the way for the gospel. Close
with the song, " The Great Physician."
A Curio Meeting. — To this meeting each member
will bring some object from missionary lands, if only
26 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
a picture of a foreign scene. He will exhibit this to
the society and say a word about missions in line with
what he has shown. Do not announce this meeting
until by private interviews you have assured yourself
of a basis for its success.
A Picture Meeting. — This is so much like the curio
meeting that it should not be held the same year. Ask
every member of the society to bring some missionary
picture, and tell something about it. It may be a
scene in China, the picture of a Parsee priest, the
portrait of a missionary, a sketch of a South African
kraal, a scrap of Chinese printing. Whatever it is,
let it be shown and a word be said about it. The
society should sit in a compact body that the pictures
may readily be seen, and at the close they might be
passed from hand to hand, the title being written upon
each. In this way much may be learned, and very
Missionary Debates. — Two or more will speak on a
side, according to the time you have at your disposal.
Of course there will be no display of oratory, only an
earnest presentation of the case from the differing
view-points. "Was Henry Martyn's life a failure or
a success?" is a possible subject, although a rather
one-sided one. Other suggestions are these: "Is it
advisable to send out unmarried missionaries?"
" Should our missionaries engage to any considerable
extent in the work of secular education ? " " Is it best
that missionaries should labor in secular occupations
for the support of their missions? "
A Board Meeting. — If your denomination has several
missionary boards, hold one meeting early in the year,
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 2/
in which you will try to fix clearly the different lines
of activity of the various boards. Divide the even-
ing among them, and treat each in a succession of
talks or, little essays, whose subjects might be: the
history of the board, its present field of work, its great
men, the books and magazines connected with its
work, its present needs, its most glorious triumphs.
A One-Field Meeting. — It is often well to spend an
entire evening upon one particular field. I do not mean
a single country but a portion of a country, such as
the province of Foochow, the Tamil district of South
India, the Dakota tribe of Indians. The minute
knowledge that can thus be gained gives one a sense
of mastery such as a wider survey cannot give.
A Missionary Picnic. — The essence of a picnic is
that everybody brings something. Get up a missionary
meeting on that plan, having it understood that each
person in the society is to bring some item of mission-
ary interest. The leader will place before the society
a map of the world, and will point to each mission
field as he calls for the items from that field that may
have been brought. After each field, call for brief
prayers for the work there, especially remembering
the needs of the persons that may have been mentioned
in the items contributed. The missionary committee
should have a few items ready to give out to the care-
less, but if the plan is thoroughly announced for sev-
eral weeks beforehand, these items will hardly be
A Twelve-Facts Meeting. — At the rate of one fact a
minute, you can get into the hour five times twelve
facts, with the probability that time enough will be
2S THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
left for the opening, for singing, and for prayers.
Choose, therefore, five important missionary fields,
such as China, India, Africa, South America, and the
home field. Take sixty Endeavorers, and ask each to
come prepared to give one missionary fact belonging
to the country assigned him. If you have fewer than
sixty members, appoint some to double duty. Let all
the facts about China, say, be given first. Follow
with prayers for China, then go on to the other
Denominational Dates. — To fix the times wdi en die
various missionary boards of your denomination were
founded, and when they began work in various fields,
as well as the dates of other events important in the
missionary history of your denomination, make a ser-
ies of pasteboard squares, and in each print one of
these dates, with a brief statement of the fact, as:
" Home Board founded, 1836." Give each placard to
an Endeavorer, with instructions to say a few words
on that subject. Set in front of the room a wooden
upright. Hooks in this correspond to eyes in the
placards, which are hung upon the upright, as the
talks arc made, in the order of the years, thus forming
a kind of denominational family tree.
A Map Meeting. — Issue a call for short missionary
items, to be written out in the language of the member
and read by liim at the meeting. Each Endeavorer
will go to the front of the room, read his item, and
then pin it upon a map of the world in the proper
place. Of course it will be better if you have a series
of large home-made maps of the various mission coun-
tries, as these -will not be injured by the pins and will
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 29
show the geography on a larger scale than a map of
An Impersonation Meeting. — Ask a number of mem-
bers to study up, each of them, the life of some living
missionary in such a way that he can speak in that
missionary's character at the coming meeting. Repre-
senting Dr. Greene, for instance, John Saunders will
tell something about his own work among the Coreans,
using the first person all the way through. The meet-
ing may be varied by assigning to some members
such characters as a native Persian, an Arab, a Mo-
hammedan priest, a Jew of Russia. Have your bright-
est speaker lead off in this exercise, to set the pace
for the rest.
A Diagram Meeting. — Give each member a mission-
ary fact that can be illustrated by a diagram, and get
him to prepare it and show it at the next missionary
meeting, with an explanation. Such a book as '' The
Missionary Pastor" (New York: Fleming H. Revell
Co. 75 cents) will be very helpful here. For exam-
ple, the gifts to foreign missions by decades in the
present century may be shown by a number of squares,
each gloriously larger than the one before it. Islam
may be shown as a tree, and on the branches may be
written the names of some of the dreadful things that
are the outgrowths from that false faith.
A Missionary Tour through different missionary
lands will make up a good meeting. Appoint a sepa-
rate guide for each stage of the journey.
Suppose you desire to go to Siam. One Endeav-
orer will take you across our country, not forgetting
to pdint out the great home-m.ission fields. A second
30 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
guide will put you on board ship at San Francisco
and carry you to Hawaii, escorting you around those
islands and telling you of their wonderful missionary
liistory. So by easy stages you will get to Japan, to
Shanghai, to the Malay Peninsula, and finally com-
plete your journey with a tour of Siam. Limit each
guide to five minutes.
Hercei and Heroines. — For this meeting ask each
member to name some missionary that has done great
things for God, telling one of the great things accom-
plished. Of course the country in w^hich the mission-
ary works should be named, and some member of the
society should sit by a map with a pointer to locate
each missionary as he is named. It will add interest
to the meeting if the young women be asked to name
missionary heroines and the young men missionary
A Kingdom-Come Meeting, — Ask each member in
preparation for this meeting to think over the history
of the past month and choose some event that has a
definite relation to the coming of the fCingdom. Then
let him tell what that relation is. It may be immedi-
ate, such as the granting of freer religious liberty in
a South American state, or it may be less direct, such
as an improvement in printing.
Around the Christian Endeavor World. — An evening
spent in a review of Christian Endeavor in all lands
may be made full of missionary interest. It will show
us the possibilities of the natives as few other exhibits
can. A file of The Chrisiian Endeavor World will
furnish an abundance of material in the way of reports
and pictures. A little exertion will rbtain for you ?
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 3 1
letter from some native Endeavorer in each mission
field of the world.
A Missionary Question-Box. — You will not go far in
your missionary studies without exciting questions,
and an opportunity for these should be given. The
first question-box need occupy only part of an even-
ing, and the missionary committee should provide a
number of questions to be used in case the members
of the society are not in an interrogative mood. Ques-
tions may be expected on the different religions, on
different plans of missionary organization, on prob-
lems of tithe-giving, on the customs of the heathen
world, on the progress of the Kingdom. The leader
should invite to the meeting some of the best informed
church-members, to whom he may refer the more diffi-
An Answer-Box is similar, except that a general
question is propounded and the society is asked to
contribute answers to it. Some such questions as
these may be used for answer-boxes : " What is the
chief qualification for missionary work } " " What is
the most interesting story of missions ? " " Who was
the world's greatest missionary? Why?" "Why
should we give at least a tenth of our incomes to the
Lord ? "
A Missionary News-Box is made up of bits of mis-
sionary information contributed by all the members.
Every one must put in something, and no one may
put in more than three items. Limit the total num-
ber of words to one hundred, so that, if any one
gi^'es two or three items, each must be very short
indeed. After the items have been collected, redis-
32 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
tribute them and have them read, no one reading
A Prophecy Meeting. — One speaker will tell the
worst things he knows about heathen lands, picturing
the darkness of the dark countries under their degrad-
ing religions. He will be followed by other speakers
who will prophesy of the future that Christianity will
inaugurate. One will tell what changes may be ex-
pected as a result of the entrance of Christian com-
merce and civilization. Another will foresee the com-
ing triumphs of Christian education. Others will
speak of what God is going to accomplish through
Christian commerce, Christian literature, Christian
physicians. Others will tell of coming changes in
society and government, in the homes and the daily life.
A One-Missionary Evening. — This is to introduce
some living missionary in whom the society may come
to have a personal interest — not a great missionary,
perhaps, but one who has visited the church or is re-
lated to some church-member, or some one to whom
you have recently sent money. Find out about his
early life, his college days, his missionary work. Sing
his favorite hymns. Get letters from him, and have
them read. Show his photograph. Pray for him and
for his converts.
" Early in the Morning," — There is much in the in-
terest aroused by novel surroundings, and a meeting
held at a time different from usual is almost certain to
be better than usual. Some societies have applied
this principle to missionary meetings, and have found
that a missionary meeting held the very first thing Qn
the Lord's Day gives a magnificent start to the day,
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 33
and stirs up fresh zeal for missions. There is a spec-
ial fitness in it, too, since missions mean the sunrise
of hope and joy for the nations.
Missionary Camps. — Divide the society into groups,
which you will call camps — the Indian camp, the
African camp, the Japanese camp, etc. They will sit
together, the chairs being arranged in circles, and
each camp will have five minutes in which to fire off
guns at the rest. The " guns " consist of missionary
items about the country from which their camp takes
A Quotation Meeting, — Choose three missionaries
that are good writers — for example, Gilmour of Mon-
golia, Patteson of the South Seas, and Martyn of
India and Persia. Make extracts from their writings
and give them to a number of Endeavorers to read,
asking each to comment briefly on the sentiment
expressed. Follow each set of quotations with a
short talk on the life of the missionary.
Missionary Martyrs. — This topic is a thrilling one
for a missionary meeting. To make it a success you
will need a pretty wide knowledge of missionary biog-
raphy, or some such book as Croil's "The Noble
Army of Mart^Ts " (Philadelphia: The Presbyterian
Board of Publication. 75 cents). Assign to different
members the stories of these heroic deaths, and close
the evening with a talk by the pastor on the lessons
Bible Translation. — The story of the translation of
the Bible into the hundreds of languages which,
before the advent of the missionary, were not even
written languages, is one of the finest stories of human
34 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
history, and well deserves an evening to itself.
Different members may undertake to give accounts of
the history of Bible translation in different countries,
and each speaker will become an enthusiast on his
theme. In addition, great heroism has been dis-
played by the Bible colporters of the world, and
wonderful results have sprung from their labors.
The American Bible Society has a leaflet for free
distribution giving samples of the various languages
into which the Bible has been translated.
A Patience Meeting. — Patience is a lesson all mis-
sionaries and missionary workers have to learn, and
the rewards of patience have been illustrated on
almost every mission field. It will pay you to gather
up, some evening, the stories of the world's prominent
mission fields that have had a tedious, tiresome begin-
ning, years dragging on without a single convert, and
then a sunburst of success. Nearly every missionary
biography and the history of nearly every mission
field will afford you material for this meeting.
A Missionary Trial is thus conducted. Appoint a
judge and a jury, and two lawyers for each of the
three divisions of the debate. The question is,
"Which agency is doing most for India, — medical
missions, missionary literature, or evangelism?" One
from each side will speak first, and then the second
set of speakers. The judge will charge the jury, and
finally a verdict will be brought in.
A Home Meeting will be a pleasant novelty. The
entire society will be invited to a missionary meeting
in some private house. The informal arrangement of
the chairs, the piano for the music, the novel sur-
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 3$
Foundings, the atlas and globe and other resources of
the library at hand, the possibility of passing pictures
around among the company — all combine to make a
meeting that will be remembered.
An Exploration Meeting. — This is an imaginary
journey to a missionary land made by a party ot
Christian explorers, who will report in the first person,
as if each had actually seen what he describes. There
will be a geographer, who will describe the physical
condition of the country, its size, and the like. Then
will come the statistician, who will tell about the popu-
lation, and give other figures, as if he had compiled
them himself. Next will come the historian, who will
tell what he has learned from the people about their
national history. The rambler will come next, and
will describe some of the queer customs he has ob-
served. Two press reporters will speak, one of them
giving some conversations he has held with the people
about their systems of government and of education
and the social conditions generally, and the other de-
scribing his observations on missionary work in the
country. Of course the geographer has made a map
and the rest of them had their cameras and took snap-
shots, which will furnish the pictures for the evening.
Some of these travellers, too, may have brought back
curios from the journey.
A Missionary Congress. — This meeting may be
greatly varied. Here is one form of it: Three per-
sons are chosen to represent each important mission-
ary country, and at the rneeting each of the three is
presented to the society in order. First will come a
native priest, who will tell about the heathen religion
36 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
of the land. Next will come a native woman, who
will describe the condition of women under the rule of
heathenism. Finally will come a Christian convert,
who will tell about missions and what they have done
for his country. These characters may well be
dressed in the native costume, if it can be obtained.
A Missionary Newspaper Evening. — Current events
in their bearing on missions make a fascinating theme
for study ; since the missionary now as always is in
the forefront of civilization, and where its battles are
the hottest, he is always to be found. The war
between India and China was closely involved with
missionary interests. So were the massacres in
Armenia. So was the war in Cuba, that in Matabele-
land, that of the French in Madagascar, and, indeed,
almost every considerable event of recent years has
had its important missionary aspects. Besides this, the
newspapers are full of smaller details that have a
bearing on missions — the coming of large numbers of
Japanese to Hawaii, the purchase of the Caroline
Islands by Germany, the building of a new railroad
in China, the election of a Mormon to Congress,
trouble in an Indian tribe. To make this meeting a
success, give each Endeavorer a particular paper to
watch, and this will give him a feeling of responsi-
bility, even though several are set to report upon
the same paper. It will also be necessary to give help
to the inexperienced, whose missionary eyes are
hardly yet opened.
The Bible and Missions. — Select for each member
of the society some Bible verse bearing on missions,
asking him to read it in the next meeting and tell just
MISSIONARY MEETINGS. 3/
how it bears on missions. If you are sure the society
will do it, it will be better to permit them to choose
their own Bible verses.
A Statistics Meeting may seem like a formidable
undertaking, but if you once try it, you will find it a
meeting full of unexpected felicities. Use all kinds of
statistics bearing on missions, and leave it largely to
the persons to whom you give the figures to present
them in attractive ways. Be sure, however, to suggest
these w^ays to persons that may not think of them
themselves. The rapidly increasing number of Chris-
tians in the world, for instance, has been illustrated by
the figure of a man standing in water which is rising
as Christianity grows. During the first century it
comes up to his ankles, and with each following
period it rises over a greater space.
A Bird's-Eye View of missionary history is a meet-
ing easy to prepare and very instructive, needing only
some such book as Bliss's '* Concise History of Mis-
sions" (New York: Fleming H. Revell Co. 75 cents.)
or Leonard's "Hundred Years of Missions" (New
York: Funk and Wagnalls. $1.50.) It will be a sur-
prise to most persons to learn that modern missions
did not begin with Carey. Draw on a large sheet of
paper a number of vertical lines to represent the mis-
sionary history of the different countries. Draw hori-
zontal lines across these, dividing them up into
decades, or quarter centuries, as you please. Prepare
pasteboard placards which are to be hung on the
large diagram in the proper place. For instance, a
bit of pasteboard reading " Mart}'n, 181 1," hung in
the proper place on the line marked " Persia," will
38 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
show the beginning of missions in that empire, and it
should be put in place with a word about that saintly
young man, his visit to Persia, and his translation of
the New Testament into the language of the country.
When you are done, you will have a summary which
you will be glad to keep, standing before the society
in future missionary meetings.
Native Heroism. — Divide this inspiring subject
among the committees, asking the prayer-meeting
committee, for instance, to bring to the meeting exam-
ples of the heroism of African converts, the lookout
committee to do the same for Japan, etc. Almost any
missionary biography or history will furnish you with
many examples. So, also, will current missionary lit-
"The Ten Greatest Missionaries" may furnish the
basis of a missionary programme. The missionary
committee will wish to select them, and I will not even
give my own list, — which is as well, since you would
not agree to it! Each of the ten lives may be consid-
ered, in different aspects, by more than one Endeav-
orer. Do not try to be exhaustive. For Livingstone,
for instance, it will be enough if one speaks of his
personal character, a second of his prominent mission-
ary achievements, a third of the circumstances attend-
ing his death.
Your Own Denomination — who are its greatest mis-
sionaries.? This will be a good question to discuss at
some missionary meeting. Make sure that the claims
of all the most prominent missionaries are brought
forward during the evening, and thus you will get a
review of denominational mission fields. Use a map,
MISSIONARY MEETlx\GS. 39
and place on the scene of each missionary's labors a
gilt star bearing the initial of his name.
An Other-Denominations Meeting. — One of the great
gains from our Christian Endeavor interdenomina-
tional movement is this, that it is showing each one of
us how much of noble endeavor and Christiike zeal is
in other denominations besides our own. Even the
largest and most missionary of denominations is doing
only a fraction of the world's missionary work, and
we are making a great mistake if in our missionary
meetings, as is so often done, we narrow our vision to
our own denominational fields. The Presbyterians,
for instance, have Siam practically to themselves ; the
Congregationalists have Turkey ; the United Presby-
terians have Egypt, and so on. But do not all
denominations need to know how the kingdom of God
is progressing in Siam, Turkey, Egypt, and the rest?
Besides, very liT!ely our own denomination is not doing
the largest or the most successful work in India or
China or Japan. Do we not want to know what that
work is, and to get the inspiration it will give ? Of
course to prepare this " other denominations " meeting
requires much study, but if you have the " Encyclo-
pedia of Missions," it will not be difficult. Use a map
of the world. Make adhesive labels to stick on the
countries where each denomination is at work — blue
for the Presbyterians, red for the Methodists, etc. It
will not be possible to tell in every case, but wherever
in any country one denomination has clear precedence
over the others, add a gilt star to its label. Facts of
interest about the missionary work of the other de-
40 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
nominations will be presented as these labels are
placed on the map.
Note. — The books mentioned in this chapter, and throughout the
book, may all be obtained, if desired, at the prices quoted, from the
United Society of Christian Endeavor, Tremont Temple, Boston.
MISSIONARY MAPS. 4 1
The Use of Maps. — Missionary meetings without
maps are meetings hung in the air. They do not
leave any definite impression. On the other hand,
when maps and similar devices make the attack on
Eye-gate, the citadel of attention and memory is soon
ours. Do not take it for granted that any place in
foreign lands, however familiar to you, is familiar to
your auditors; and however often you have already
pointed it out, point it out again whenever you come
across it in the meeting, for the sake of the new mem-
bers and for the forgetful among the old members.
Home-Made Maps are the essentials ; " bough ten "
maps are the luxuries. The home-made maps are the
best because the process of making them has taught
somebody something, and because, since they are mere
outlines, one may insert just what is needed for the
subject under discussion, and leave the rest out.
Moreover, with the home-made map you can make
free use of those prime aids to the missionary worker,
the colored gummed " stickers." Do not be over-crit-
ical in drawing these maps. It is not necessary to get
in every bay and every curve of every river. Make a
few measurements and locate carefully the principal
features of the map, filling in the rest of the outline
with eye measurements only.
A Map-Drawing Evening might be held by the mis-
42 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL,
sionary committee at the beginning of its year's work.
Draft whatever assistance you think you will need.
Provide a dozen sheets or more of heavy manilla
paper, ink, coarse pens, black crayon, and water-color
paints. If you have not a good letterer in your num-
ber, use stencils or cut out letters from a printer's
alphabet. Then set to work and turn out the year's
supply of home-made outline maps.
Hectographed Maps are an improvement even over
the maps I have been describing, because every mem-
ber of the society can have one, and can take it home
as a souvenir of the meeting and for further study and
review. Besides, these maps can be made very sim-
ple, and the Endeavorers can be set to putting in
various features as they are described during the
evening. This work of theirs will .serve to impress
the facts upon them.
The Published Maps of mission fields, however, are
of great value for reference, and you should get them
by all means, if you can, and keep them in view of
the society at all its meetings. A large missionary
map of the world may be obtained from the Student
Volunteer Movement, 283 Fourth Ave., New York
City, for ;^3.oo. Several of the missionary boards
publish maps of their principal mission fields.
Charts of All Kinds may be manufactured by our en-
terprising committee. A circle may be divided into
radiating sections, each of a size proportioned to the
numbers in some great religion of the world. When
these sections are colored so as to be readily distin-
guished, the chart will furnish a striking argument for
missions. The "spheres of influence" of the Eu-
MISSIONARY MAPS. 43
ropean nations in Africa and in China may be shown by
the use of colors on outline maps. Gilt stars may
show where your society has sent contributions this
year. Red hearts, each bearing the initial of a mis-
sionary, may indicate where the chief missionaries of
your denomination are at work. You may illustrate
the fact that China has one medical missionary to two
and one half million people, and the United States
four thousand physicians to the same population, by
making two squares of the same size, placing in the
centre of one a single dot, and filling the other with
four thousand dots. You may make a set of squares
proportioned in size to the population of the different
countries. In short, there is no end to the bright
ways in which consecrated pencils, managed by con-
secrated brains, can preach in black and white.
Relief Maps showing the principal facts about the
country's contour, the chief mountain ranges and
plateaus and valleys, may easily be made, and, once
made, are a joy forever. Shred newspapers and let
them soak over night, when they may be beaten up into
a pulp which you can use for your modeling. A tempo-
rary map may be made from damp sand or from clay.
Color your board blue for the water and let this re-
main uncovered wherever the water is. Then build
up your map, using wooden blocks for the cities, bits
of evergreen for forest regions, and the like.
Dissected Maps may be made to teach missionary
geography as well as secular. For example, to show
the language areas of India, make a map of that great
empire, color the language areas differently, mount
the map and cut it apart, one language to a section.
44 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
The different parts may then be pinned to a board be-
fore the socieJ;y, one at a time, each in the right posi-
tion, something being said about each language as it
is added to the map.
Gradual Disclosure. — One of the brightest ways to
use a missionary map is this. Before the meeting
cover it with pieces of paper, each pinned separately,
and so arranged that, as the different parts of the
country are mentioned during the evening, the various
pieces of paper can be removed one by one, until the
whole map is disclosed.
The Comparative Sizes of the countries of the world
should be shown whenever you place a map before
the society. Put in one corner the State of Pennsyl-
vania drawn in the proper proportion. One of the
most effective missionary maps I ever saw showed
China with the various European countries set off
upon its surface. In the same way the New England
States might be laid out in one of the great Western
States of our Union, thus teaching a lesson in home
A Globe is of help in showing the relative positions
of places and their relative sizes, about which we get
so confused an idea from the atlas. Little flags may
flutter from the globe here and there where mission-
aries of your denomination are at work.
A Blackboard is a decided help, because upon it
you can dash off your map as you talk, and rub out
what is no longer needed. Whatever medium you
use, whether blackboard or manilla paper, it is an ad-
vantage not to insert the names beforehand, but to
print them as you come to them in the course of the
MISSIONARY MUSIC. 45
Index the Hymn-Book. — The missionary committee
will be met at the outset with a difficulty in regard to
the hymn-book. It will find the number of hymns
placed under the category of " Missions" entirely in-
adequate for a series of meetings. But of course
many hymns not indexed under this subject are just
as suitable for missionary meetings. Hymns of pa-
tience, of courage, of faith, of perseverance, of the
presence and power of the Spirit, of the spread of the
Kingdom — all these are essentially missionary hymns.
The committee may well devote an hour to reviewing
the entire hymn-book used by the society^, marking
every hymn that is suitable to a missionary meeting,
and becoming familiar with those that are not well
known. Then make a special index of these for ready
An Impressive Opening. — Choose a missionary
hymn that shall be sung at all the missionary meet-
ings for the year — not some flippant song, but some
grand hymn of the faith. It should be committed to
memory, and at the beginning of every missionary
meeting the entire company should rise and sing the
hymn with fervor.
A Missionary Chant will prove still more effective
for this purpose. There are numbers of psalms that
46 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
would make noble introductions to your missionary-
meetings, and the society could easily learn to chant
them. Such a psalm, too, would serve as a useful
interruption to the course of a missionary meeting,
exalting its tone if in any way it has fallen below the
high level of the start.
Enliven the Ordinary Missionary Meeting with special
music. There are many noble missionary anthems.
Antiphonal songs may easily be arranged from such
missionary hymns, for instance, as " Watchman, tell
us of the night," which breaks up so readily into
question and answer. Solos may be introduced, and
any good missionary hymn may be very effective if
sung in this way.
The Missionaries' Hymns. — A little pleasant re-
search will bring out many facts connecting mission-
aries with our best hymns. Some of them were writ-
ten by missionaries. Some of them have been prompted
by stirring events in missionary history. Many of
them have been used in great crises on the mission
fields, or in the lives of missionary heroes. An even-
ing of song in which the result of these studies is
mingled with the singing of the hymns to which they
relate would be a profitable occasion.
You Can Aid the Church Missionary Meeting greatly
by forming a Christian Endeavor choir for use on
such occasions. No parade need be made of the fact.
The young people will only sit together in any part of
the room and sing with all their might. It will tell.
A Missionary Concert. — This name is applied al-
ways to a "concert of prayer" for missions. Why
not get up a missionary concert, using the word in its
MISSIONARY MUSIC. 4/
original sense ? There are many beautiful missionary
anthems and solos. Each could be prefaced with a
brief speech calling attention to its lesson. There are
longer pieces of missionary music suitable for such an
occasion. I venture to name one by Prof. T. Martin
Towne and myself, entitled " Sir Money's Crusade,"
published by Fillmore Brothers, Cincinnati.
Native Music will add much to such a concert, and
also to any missionary meeting. You may be able to
get some Turk or Chinese or other native of mission-
ary lands to sing for you. Foreign instruments will,
of course, add to the interest.
Song Services in Prisons and Hospitals are lines of
effort suitable for the missionary committee to take up,
if you have no special committee for this blessed work.
The gospel can be sung in both these places more
effectively than it can be preached. The services of
song at neighborhood prayer meetings might also
come within the province of the missionary committee,
if you have no music committee.
An Outdoor Song Service is a piece of home mission-
ary work well worth attempting. It may be made a
beautiful prelude to the evening service, if there are
grounds in front of the church that are suitable for it,
and it will gather to that service many that otherwise
might not come. But this outdoor song service may
be held (proper permission being obtained) in any
part of the city that needs evangelistic effort. The
sweet hymns, lifted on the fresh young voices, will
prove the best of church bells, and will draw together
a crowd anywhere to hear what your pastor may have
to say to them. In this outdoor work it is much bet-
48 THE MISSIOxNARY MANUAL.
ter if you can sing without any book, looking straight
into the eyes of the crowd.
The Music Committee should, of course, work hand
in hand with the missionary committee in all this,
provided you have a music committee. Indeed, much
of this work would properly fall to the music com-
mittee, and is here mentioned only because so few
societies dignify music by assigning it to a special set
MISSIONARY PRAYERS. 49
Missions and Prayer Go Hand in Hand. — Without a
sense of the Saviour's presence, and without constant
real communion with him, no genuine missionary
work was ever done. You must gauge the success of
your labors, missionary committees, not by the size
of your audience, not by the spirit of your meetings,
but by the prayers they spur the Endeavorers to
make spontaneously for the mission fields and mis-
sionaries in which you have been trying to interest
them. Believe with all your heart that God answers
prayer. Know that the prayers of Christians — pray-
ers and what they incite us to do — are the one thing
needful for the salvation of the world ; God will do
everything else. Pray for definite blessings upon
particular men and places. Expect results. Follow
up your prayers, and recognize with gratitude God's
kindness in answering them.
Prayer in the Meeting, — Encourage the use of
names in praying for missions in the meetings. After
some especially important piece of news, let the
chairman ask some one to offer prayer for the mis-
sionary or the field that has been mentioned. Pray
often in the meeting for the places where your con-
tributions have gone. The Yale Band proposes a
series of topics for missionary prayer — one for each
50 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
meeting for six months. If you follow these, you
will bring before God in prayer all of the great
phases of missionary work and all the mission fields
of the world. Silent prayer for some special mission-
ary, or sentence prayers which take up in turn the
particular needs of some great mission field, are ex-
A Concert of Prayer. — Name for each month some
especial missionary station, and call for simultaneous
prayer for that station at a fixed time every day during
the month. Let the station know that you are pray-
ing for their work, all of you. Of course this station
will be remembered at every meeting in many ways.
Some societies place on a blackboard the name of
some missionary each week for the same purpose.
Do not, however, confuse the members with too
many calls for prayer. The essential thing is that
you expect results^ and know that God will give
Individual Prayer. — Every year give each member '
of the society the name of some missionary whom he
is to consider his very own, and whom he is to re-
member every day in his prayers. Of course he will
find out all he can about him and his work. Of
course, too, he will write and tell the missionary
that he is praying for him daily, and this knowledge
will be to the missionary a constant well of joy and
courage. Have you ever noticed how continually
missionaries in their letters are urging us to pray for
them? It is their one great plea, and they are very
sincere in making it.
Historic Prayers. — The annals of missions are full
MISSIONARY PRAYERS. 5 I
of wonderful answers to prayer, and the recitation of
some of these would make a magnificent missionary
meeting, besides spurring the members to more zeal
in praying for missions. Appoint each member to
some missionary life or field and ask him to give at
the meeting a single instance, taken from his subject,
of the proved power of prayer.
$2 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Hand in Hand. — Missionary inspiration and mission-
ary information go together. The way to fill mission-
ary treasuries is to fill missionary heads. To read
Paton's life is half a missionary education ! To
read Mackay's life is the other half ! It is simply im-
possible for a mind of ordinary earnestness and
impressibility to peruse any one of a dozen missionary
biographies that might easily be named, and not
henceforth be full of missionary enthusiasm. It is
one of the first duties of the missionary committees to
prove the truth of this statement.
A Book Evening. — It would be well to devote an
entire missionary meeting to the inspiring of interest
in missionary literature. Get as many different En-
deavorers as possible to tell about the missionary
books they have read, and what interesting thing they
found in each. Get the Sunday-school librarian to
bring the missionary books from the Sunday-school
library, show each, and speak briefly about it. Choose
bright passages from books and magazines, and have
them read. Show a complete set of sample copies of
the missionary magazines in which you wish to inter-
est the society. Close with an address by your pastor
on the great books of missionary literature with
which every one should be acquainted.
MISSIONARY READING. 53
Missionary Libraries. — One of the very best ways of
establishing and increasing missionary enthusiasm is
by the establishing of missionary libraries. Nowa-
days books are so wonderfully cheap that such an
undertaking is possible for every society in the land.
Before you decide that you cannot do it, write to the
United Society of Christian Endeavor and ask for
their circulars describing the missionary libraries they
have to sell. These are all standard works, the very
best and most up-to-date, and you will be astonished
to see how trifling is their cost. Such a library, if you
once get a nucleus and get the Endeavorers interested
in it, will grow almost without your effort. It is proba-
bly best to appoint as librarian some one outside the
committee, because in this way you increase the num-
ber of those interested in the cause.
To Start a Library. — Perhaps the best way is to go
boldly to the members with a subscription paper, and
ask them for twenty-five-cent subscriptions, making it
very plain that the subscriptions are by no means
limited to that amount! You will soon have enough
to buy a goodly number of books. If you ask the
members to give a book apiece, many may wish to
have that more individual share in the new enterprise
for the Master.
A Loan Library. — People are likely to appreciate
more thoroughly what they pay something for. Take
advantage of this principle in your missionary work.
After you have established the rnissionary library,
charge five cents apiece for the reading of the books,
and a fine of a cent a day whenever the books are kept
beyond two weeks. No one will object to this charge,
54 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
and thus you will soon gather enough money for ad-
ditions to the library.
A One-Book Meeting. — Choose the best missionary
book you can find, and get as many Endeavorers to
read it as there are chapters in the book. This will
take time, but do it. Assign each new reader to a dif-
ferent chapter of the book, telling him that at a future
missionary meeting he will be expected to speak for
one minute on the most interesting point of that chap-
ter. You may be preparing at the same time for sev-
eral of these meetings.
The Six-Star Band. — Enroll under this name those
of your society that will promise to read six mission-
ary books during the year. Get some one to give a
talk on the delights of missionary reading, and after
this talk make your appeal for members of the Six-
Star Band. Let them choose their own books, but
have a list to suggest to them. Urge system — the
reading of one book every two months. Learn how
the scheme is progressing, and report from time to
time before the society, that interest may be aroused
and new members added to the band. Utilize this
reading in the missionary meetings.
How Long? — It is an encouragement to possible
readers of a book if they can know that it will
not take long to read it. The missionary commit-
tee will do well to get a book read through (by a toler-
ably rapid reader !) before recommending it to the
society. He will time himself, and every one will be
astonished to learn how short a time, after all, will
suffice to read a book, compared with the amount of
time we spend in reading newspapers and magazines.
MISSIONARY READING. 55
Bringing It Home to Each. —If you want to do es-
pecially thorough work, let each member of the
missionary committee take a group of the Endeav-
orers and try to persuade every member of his group
to read one missionary book, or some good missionary
magazine, each month. If this is impossible at first,
satisfy yourself with getting him to read a single bright
article. The appetite will grow with what it feeds on.
Fifteen Minutes a Day. — If the members of the
society think it too much to promise to read one mis-
sionary book every two months, get them to agree to
spend fifteen minutes a day in missionary reading.
This will mean more than half a book a month, but
you need not tell them so ! Obtain from each person
that promises this a monthly report of how the plan
is working, and stir up things by presenting these
reports before the society, of course without mention-
Book Reviews. — Any one will read a book more
carefully if he knows he is to write or speak upon it
later. Therefore, whenever you get the Endeavorers
to read missionary books, put them down on later —
not too distant — missionary programmes for essays on
those books !
" To Be Continued." — One of the most useful de-
vices, if you would arouse interest in any missionary
book, is to read bits of it here and there before the
societ}', always reading up to some climax of inter-
est — and stopping before you reach it! If this is
brightly done, you may be sure that there will be a
demand for that book as soon as it is placed in the
Sunday-school or the society library.
56 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
A Loan Office. — Once a Christian Endeavor social
was brightly used to stimulate interest in missionary
reading. A booth was mysteriously curtained off and
labelled "International News Agency and Loan
Office." All were urged to call at the office, and once
within the solemn purlieus, they were inveigled into
borrowing missionary books and promising to read
them through — promises for which they M'ere ever
Ask Them. — A wise pastor once promoted interest
in missionary reading simply by asking each Endeav-
orer to answer in writing these three questions :
What kind of missionary reading do you like?
Where do you find it? Would you read more if it
were brought to your notice ? If the missionary com-
mittee start out with such a set of inquiries, they will
set the members to thinking and will find out just
where they stand in the matter of missionary reading.
For Illustration. — Each member of the missionary
committee may choose a missionary book some month
and read it chiefly with an eye to the prayer-meeting
topics of the coming month, and in order to find in it
illustrations and other material suitable for use in
those meetings. Thus every meeting of the next
month will be a missionary meeting.
In the Public Library. — If the public library is ac-
cessible to the society, by all means make out a list of
the best missionary books contained in it, with their
numbers. Have the list duplicated on a manifolder,
and give a copy to every member of the society, with
an urging to go through the entire set of books, instead
of reading so much fiction. Be sure to put on your
list only interesting books.
MISSIONARY READING. 5/
In the Sunday-School Library. — Probably your
Sunday-school library contains some delightful mis-
sionary books. Probably, too, no one reads them.
Get the superintendent's permission to say a few
words before the school some Sunday about these
books. Put their numbers on the blackboard, and ask
the teachers to interest their scholars in them. Take
them out yourselves and lend them to those that can
be persuaded to read them.
Call In the Sunday-School. — You may be able to
gain the help of the Sunday school toward forming a
missionary library in this way. Ask each Sunday-
school class to add to the Sunday-school library one
missionary book a year of their own selection. Of
course the missionary committee will be ready to sug-
gest good books. In this way each class will be likely
at least to read its own book, and to tell every one else
how good it is !
To Read Aloud. — The art of reading aloud is pass-
ing away, now that books are so common, and family
interests so diversified. Try to restore it, and at the
same time quicken missionary zeal, by establishing
neighborhood reading circles. Get together on Essex
Street the Cadwalladers, the Ashendens, and the
Stanleys, who will listen to Ruth Ashenden as she
reads in her clear, sympathetic tones the beautiful
story of Henry Martyn. Assemble on Lincoln Avenue
the Partingtons, Huntleys, and Hales, to hear Philip
Huntley read Dr. Hamlin's fascinating " Life and
Times." These neighborhood reading clubs will be
just the thing for the long winter evenings, and their
results may be used in later missionary meetings.
58 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
The Encyclopedia. — If your society can afford
it — and more societies can afford it than think they
can — by all means purchase a copy of the admirable
Enclyclopedia of Missions, published in two volumes
by Funk and Wagnalls. It is an expensive work,
costing $12 unless you can get a reduction through
your pastor, but it is worth every cent it costs, being
the only full and authoritative compendium of the
world's missionary activities. Its maps and its thous-
ands of interesting articles will give you material
for missionary meetings for a decade.
Pass Them On. — A pleasant device is the following.
Bind into a home-made booklet some good missionary
articles, including a missionary story and a missionary
poem or two, with a, few bright paragraphs to enliven
it. Write on the cover a list of eight or ten Endeav-
orers who will pass the pamphlet from one to another
in the order named, each writing below his name some
comment on the pamphlet as a whole, after he has
read it, or on some particular article. Of course this
plan may be carried out as extensively as the commit-
A Collection of Pamphlets. — Much of the most valu-
able missionary literature is put in pamphlets. Doubt-
less your denominational boards have issued many of
these pamphlets, and packed into them a large amount
of most interesting material, as well as complete state-
ments regarding your denominational missionary en-
terprises. Many of the pamphlets are given away ;
others are sold at a nominal cost. For a few dollars
you can buy a little library of them, not only from
your board but from all the other great missionary
MISSIONARY READING. 59
boards of the land. After you have them, it will add
much to their life, if you bind them. Do not bind
them together, but separately, and a home-made bind-
ing in heavy paper will answer every purpose. And,
by the way, missionary almanacs and the yearly
reports of the missionary conferences will constitute
an important part of this material.
A Newspaper Committee. — Much that has a distinct
bearing on missions appears nowadays in the daily
papers. To gather this up, appoint two or three
young men as a new^spaper committee, whose duty it
shall be to report at each missionary meeting what-
ever they have seen lately in their dailies that concerns
missionary progress and opportunities. Of course
each young man should have access to a different
The Use of Clippings. — It is pleasant and easy
work, this collecting of clippings from periodicals ; the
problem is to make use of the clippings after they are
collected ! The trouble is always twofold — the clip-
pings are not systematically arranged, and they are
not frequently reviewed, so that one has in mind his
various possessions. This subj ect is important enough
to warrant the appointment of a clipping committee,
to act as assistants to the missionary committee. At
any rate, the missionary committee should place it
among their most urgent duties.
All kinds of religious and secular periodicals will
furnish material for the collection. Here you will get
an illustrated article on Cuba ; next, a bright little
story of missionary heroism in Peru ; and again, an
editorial giving statistics of the missionary progress
60 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
among the Syrians. Now it will be a picture showing
the Egyptian costume, useful, possibly, in some future
missionary meeting. Again, it will be a newspaper
map of South Africa. So closely are all the interests
of the world related to missions that the range of these
clippings is very wide.
For their preservation and consultation, the en-
velope system is the most convenient. Get a large
number of stout manilla envelopes, large enough to
hold m.agazine articles and pictures without folding.
Mark each with the name of the mission field and the
country. You may go further in your classification,
and subdivide China, for instance, into Chinese
government, Chinese customs, Chinese education, and
Then, having your clippings, use them. Issue them
as you would library books, numbering each clipping
and recording the name of the borrower. See to it
that every suitable clipping is at once used in the next
missionary meeting that touches the country to which
it relates. After it has been used in this way, place
upon it a mark signifying that fact, so that you can
distinguish at a glance what is fresh material, and
what is not.
Interest the entire society in this enterprise, for in
no other way can you cover a wide circle of periodi-
cals. You will soon find that the older church mem-
bers will be glad to make use of your collection in
preparing for their own missionary meetings, and will
reciprocate the favor by the addition of valuable clip-
pings from time to time.
A File of Periodicals. — I strongly recommend your
MISSIONARY READING. 6 1
society to gather as complete files as possible of all
the missionary periodicals of your denomination, and
of as many others as you can. Very likely you will
find in the church those that will be glad to give their
old copies, for the sake of getting rid of them. Home-
made bindings will answer, if you cannot afford pro-
fessional work, and they should be bound in yearly
volumes. Then they should be placed in some case
convenient of access to all the workers. A card cata-
logue of their contents should be prepared by the
committee. The preparation of this will be in itself a
valuable missionary training, and will furnish occupa-
tion for many pleasant committee evenings.
One to a Periodical, — To stimulate interest in the
missionary periodicals, appoint one Endeavorer a
special committee on this missionary periodical, an-
other on a second, another on a third, and so on, until
you have covered all the missionary periodicals of
your denomination, as well as one or two general ones.
These members will be called upon at regular inter-
vals to report interesting items from their magazines
and papers. It would be well to make up at least one
missionary meeting during the year almost entirely of
Subscription Agents. — Your missionary committee
will do most important service in the cause of mis-
sions if they will make it their business to institute a
thorough canvass of the community each year, for sub-
scriptions to the missionary periodicals of the denom-
ination, and to such general periodicals as The Mis-
sionary Review of the World. Get a full set of
sample copies. You can sometimes obtain bundles
62 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
of samples for free distribution. Learn what club
rates you can get with other periodicals which your
people may be taking. Go into the work as earnestly
as if you were to receive a large commission or a fine
premium. You will receive the best of premiums —
God's blessing for helpful service.
The Missionary Review of the World. — This chapter
would not be complete without mention of this splen-
did aid to all missionary workers. Your first duty is
to see that your denominational missionary magazines
are taken liberally in the society; but in addition to
this you should have in the society at least one copy
of the magazine whose scope is the missionary activ-
ities of all denominations and nations. A file of this
magazine from the beginning would be an inexhaus-
tible mine of missionary lore.
MISSIONARY STUDY CLASSES. 63
MISSIONARY STUDY CLASSES.
Easily Possible. — A missionary study class is easily
within the reach of any Christian Endeavor society.
Do not start with too ambitious plans, and do not wait
for large numbers. Begin with few members -and
with tasks that are not difficult, and confidently count
on experience to increase your capacity for study and
enlarge your numbers. Even though no more than
two of the society are willing to undertake this work,
they can form a study class by themselves, and they
will be likely to get quite as much good from it as
they would if the class were larger !
The Best Plan for a missionary study class I have
been able to devise is the following. It has been put
in operation in many classes all over the country, and
all that have tried it have testified to its working qual-
ities. The constitution is self-explanatory : —
Article I. — Name.
This organization will be called the Christian Endeavor Mission
Note. — It will be pleasant for the club to choose a chapter name.
The clubs usually name themselves after some famous missionary in
whose work their church has an especial interest. A Baptist club, for
instance, might call itself the Carey or Judson chapter ; Methodists
might organize Bishop Taylor chapters ; a Presbyterian church might
have a Paton chapter ; a Congregationalist church, a Coan chapter, etc.
64 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Article II. — Purpose.
The purpose of this cUib is to read missionary boolcs, and to gain
a general knowledge of the history of missionary work of all de-
nominations, and a full and definite knowledge of the missionary
work of our own denomination in all the world.
Article III. — Work.
The club will follow some definite course of missionary reading
and study, to be laid down by its executive committee, in consulta-
tion with the pastor.
Article IV. — Organization.
The membership of this club shall consist of all young persons
interested in missions, who expect to attend most of the meetings,
and to take part as their turn comes in all the work of the club.
Note. — Many clubs may wish to drop the word " young " from the
foregoing, and admit older persons as well. It is especially urged that
no drones shall be admitted. It is not best to seek large numbers in
order to get an audience. Two earnest workers make a better club
than two hundred that come merely to listen. Begin with few, if need be,
but those that are genuine workers, that know the value of a knowledge
of missions, and are willing to give time as well as energy to obtain it ;
those, too, that are willing to take their turn in serving in each of the
offices, and doing all kinds of club work.
Article V. — Meetings.
This club will meet every week on ... . evening at . . .
o'clock, at the house of one of its members.
Note. — In some communities it maybe best to have one regular
Elace of meeting. Ordinarily, the interests of good fellowship would
e promoted by meeting from house to house.
Article VI. — Officers.
The officers of this society shall be a president, vice-president,
secretary, and treasurer, elected for one year, and performing the
usual duties assigned to such officers. These four constitute the
The club also has nine peculiar offices. To the latter offices the
president will assign different persons each month. These officers
are: one reader, two reporters, one statistician, one examiner, one
geographer, one historian or biographer, one traveller, and one re-
MISSIONARY STUDY CLASSES. 65
Note. — It will be especially necessary to get a president that knows
the importance of keeping all the exercises to their time, beginning
promptly, making things run by clock-work.
The treasurer should be good at collecting the dues, when the books
are purchased by systematic collections.
The secretary should send to the members notices of all meetings.
It will hi the reader's business to read before the club the portion of
the biography or missionary history assigned for the meeting. He
should, of course, read this over beforenand. In the rare cases where
it is too long for the time, he should condense it, reading the most in-
teresting portions, and giving a synopsis of tlie remainder.
The two reporters will present recent missionary news. One of them
will deal with the country under discussion, and the other with the rest
of the world. On/j/ a few notes should be presented at each 77ieeting.
The statistician will give any missionary statistics connected with the
country studied. He will git best results if he presents only one or two
facts each week, emphasizing them, and illustrating them with diagrams.
The geographer will speak of the size of the country, its population,
languages, etc. The traveller will tell about the character and the
habits of its people. Both the latter officers will do well to present
only one or two facts at a time, — no more than can readily be carried
in the memory.
The historian will give a brief history of the progress of missions in
If the history of missions is the basis of study, the historian becomes
the reader, and in his place the club should have a biographer, who pre-
sents at each meeting a condensed biography, giving the salient and
interesting facts regarding some eminent missionary. Where the club
is reading a biography, the biographer, of course, is the reader.
The examiner will ask questions, at the end of each session, on the
points brought out in each session. The reviewer will ask questions on
tiie mo;t important points brought out in the preceding session. The
work of the examiner and reviewer is of especial importance. If ques-
tions show that what has been heard and told is not fixed in the memory,
better repeat it at another meeting than permit it to go in at one ear
and out at the other.
The president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer may, if the club
is small, hold, also, any four of the nine special offices, and small clubs
will find it necessary to give to several of the members more than one
Article VII. — Programme.
The order of exercises for a meeting of a Christian Endeavor
Mission Club may be the following: —
1. Singing of a missionary hymn.
3. Sentence prayers for the progress of missions.
4. Bible quotations bearing on missions.
5. Questions by the reviewer.
6. Report of the geographer.
66 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
7. Reading of the missionary biography or history.
8. Report of the traveller.
9. Report of the historian or biographer.
10. Report of the statistician.
11. Report of the reporter on the country studied.
12. Report of the general reporter.
13. Questions of the examiner, and general conversation.
14. Closing prayer.
15. Closing song.
Note.— This programme cannot successfully be carried out in less
than one hour and a half. Five minutes will be enough for all officers
except the reader, and one half-hour should be devoted to the reading.
If the club cannot give an hour and a half to tlie meetings, then reports
hom/oi^r of the special officers only should be heard at one meeting,
and the remaining four should be heard at the next meeting, the reader,
of course, working at each meeting.
Article VIII. — Books.
Note. — This article must be formulated by the individual clubs,
accordmg to the plans they adopt for obtaining the books.
The treasurer should take charge of tlie purchase of books. He may
buy them anywhere ; or, if more convenient, lie can always obtain them
from tlie United States Society of Christian Endeavor as cheaply as in
any bookstore in the country.
A great deal of the literature used by the clubs should, of course, be
obtained from the denominational missif)nary boards. Each club
should obtain from these boards a complete list of the books and
pamphlets they have for the use of their churches. Many of these
pamphlets may be obtained free.
The club should subscribe to the missionary periodicals of its own
denomination, and pass these about among the members.
it is very important tliat the club have access, at eacli meeting, to a
good set of maps, a gazetteer, an up-to-date dictionary, and an encyclo-
pedia. These are cumbrous books to carry around, and for this reason
only it is better for the club to meet uniformly at one place.
Eacii member should, of course, contribute to the general use of the
club whatever books or magazines he may possess bearing on the sub-
ject under discussion.
This is a pretty thorough-going scheme, and it may
be necessary to modify it, especially at the start.
You may not wish to hold meetings oftener than once
a fortnight. You may prefer to dispense with the ser-
vices of the traveller, the historian, and their com.
fades. In other ways you may wish to simplify the
MISSIONARY STUDY CLASSES. 6"]
plan. It is given here, with that understanding, in its
most complete form. The points to be insisted on,
however, are regularity in the meetings and system in
the work. Definite accomplishment, although it may
be slight, is quite certain to create a desire for more,
while haphazard work is always unsatisfactory and
The Leader of the study class may well be' a perma-
nent official, if some experienced missionary student,
with tact, energy, and attractiveness, can be found
willing to undertake this delightful and important
work. But if no permanent leader can be found,
why, Christian Endeavorers are used to carrying on
their work without much help. You can take turns
in the leadership, and, thus divided, neither the labor
nor the responsibility will be too burdensome.
The Members of the study class should be — as will
be understood — those that are not afraid of a little
work, but are in earnest in this matter of missions.
There will be no objection, however, to permitting the
attendance of visitors who will come to listen and
who may catch the contagion of zeal.
The Plan of Study may follow the divisions of
countries, and may take up one mission field after an-
other, reading such books as "The Neglected Con-
tinent " for Africa, " Chinese Characteristics " for
China, "The Cross in the Land of the Trident" for
India, "An American Missionary in Japan" for the
Sunrise Empire, and so on. Or it may proceed along
biographical lines, reading one great missionary life
for each country, such as Carey's for India, Gardiner's
for South America, Paten's for the South Seas, Liv
68 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
ingstone's for Africa, Gilmour's for China, Neesima's
for Japan, Whitman's for America, Hamlin's for
Turkey. Or the work may be a series of studies of
the missionary societies, their fields and their accom-
plishments. Or at times it may deal with current
topics in relation to missions. General biographies
are best to begin with, and then books about the
countries as a whole.
The Books for the study class should be purchased
by contribution from all the members. If this plan
of reading aloud is pursued, one book will last for
several months. The members of the class may pre-
fer to buy the books in turn, each to keep for his own
the book he has bought. Or the books may be given
to the society to serve as the nucleus of a missionary
library, or to the Sunday-school library. Generally
speaking, short books should be chosen, and models
for this purpose are the missionary biographies and
many other missionary books published by the Flem-
ing H. Revell Company, and the publications issued
by the Student Volunteer Movement for their study
Essays should be required at every meeting, and
they should bear upon the chapters of the book to
be read at that meeting, being enlargements of some
point made there, or discussions suggested by them.
These essays — or, at any rate, some of them — should
afterward be utilized in the regular society missionary
meeting. Following the reading from the book, too,
there should always be given opportunity for ques-
tions and discussions aroused by what has been read.
Current Events should be reported at each meeting
MISSIONARY STUDY CLASSES. 69
of the club. The best plan is to assign one member
to a country and obtain reports from each in turn,
this week from Burma, the next from South America,
etc. Different persons should report for the home
field in the same way, and at every meeting. A
third report which might be given at each meeting is
from one of the mission boards of your denomina-
tion, these being divided among the members, that
they may keep track of their condition and work.
Prayers for missions should also come in each meet-
ing, as well as the reciting of memory missionary verses
from the Bible. The work of each m.eeting should
begin with a review of last week's work, and end with
an examination on the day's work. The review should
be oral, and the examination may often be written,
although it should be very brief. At the close of
each book or .course of study a thorough examination
should be given, one entire meeting being occupied
with the review and the closing examination.
JO THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Helpful all Around. — Few bits of writing go
through Uncle Sam's mail that do more good than
letters to missionaries. They serve to make missions
vivid to the writer as nothing else will. If written in
a sincere, Christian spirit, they are of supreme value
to the missionary, and hearten him for his work as
perhaps nothing else can. A five-cent postage stamp
affords us an easy and pleasant way of obeying to
some extent the Master's command, " Go ye into all
the world." It can carry a very real piece of our-
selves to China, Madagascar, where we will. Let us
have more consecrated postage-stamps.
The Use of Missionary Letters. — For this purpose
societies should band together more than they do,
and pass around good missionary letters, that the
work of the missionary may go as far as possible.
The missionary committees of the same denomination
in a city or in neighboring small towns should co-
operate to this end. I do not advise the manifolding
of missionary letters. That, to me, takes all the per-
sonality out of them. It is better to pass them
around ; and be sure to send with them the foreign
envelope, with the stamp and post-mark ! As these
letters go to the various societies, how delightful it
would be if in each society some member should be
instructed to write to the missionary.
MISSIONARY LETTERS. /I
Be Thoughtful. — Missionaries are the busiest peo-
ple in the world — more busy even than editors.
There is no end to the things they may be doing, and
they work under great pressure of responsibility and
opportunity. Moreover, they are not chosen because
of their ability to write, and though, of course,
since they are persons of unusual intelligence, there
is among them more than the average number of
good and quick letter-writers, yet we must remember
that to some of them, as to us, letter-writing may be a
great task, and we must be careful how we require it
of them. In entering into correspondence with a
missionary, always express plainly your sense of these
facts, and tell him that you will understand why no
answer comes, if none does come, and be entirely sat-
isfied. Moreover, assure him that any letter he may
have time to send (and you may be sure that he will
answer if he can) will be used fully for the arousing
of new missionary zeal.
Be Regular. — What is not done systematically is
likely not to be done at all. Set before you a definite
aim in this letter-writing. Is one missionary letter a
month from each Endeavorer too much to hope for?
The letter may take half an hour to write (long letters
are not needed). Is that too much time to give each
month to this blessed personal work for the Master ?
A Letter Evening. — When your plans are in full
operation, you will wish to have an occasional letter
evening, in the course of which every 7nember of the
society will read extracts from the most interesting
missionary letter he has received during the last six
months. Of course this will not mean that you have
^2 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
obtained so many letters from the missionaries them-
selves ; that would be too great a burden upon them.
Let a large part of your correspondence be with the
Christian Endeavorers. If you have not enough let-
ters to fill out the entire evening, read what you have
and intersperse items about each missionary station
Not Always to Missionaries. — It will aid the mis-
sionary work in many ways if, instead of always writ-
ing to the missionary, you get into correspondence
with the native Christians. Usually the missionaries
will have to write their letters for them at their dicta-
tion, but it will strengthen the faith of the natives,
help the missionaries get in touch with them, and
give you some of the most delightful letters you ever
read, besides giving you an opportunity to testify of
Christ to his new-found brethren over the seas. Es-
pecially, write to the native Christian Endeavorers.
What a stimulus it will be to their work, and to yours,
to emphasize in this way the sense of our world-wide
brotherhood ! Every country now has its hundreds
of native societies, and each foreign land, of course,
has its strange Endeavor customs. Learn these
plans ; they may well be worth transplanting. And
in exchange, tell them what your own society is
Christian Endeavor under Difficulties. — There are
places where Christian Endeavor especially needs
the help of your ink-stands. One of them is in pris-
ons, and the rapidly increasing number of prison
Christian Endeavor societies should spur us to gener-
ous letter-writing for the benefit of our brothers in
MISSIONARY LETTERS. 73
bonds. The gracious custom has sprung up of writ-
ing them hearty personal letters at Christmas time
and at Easter, and these letters do a world of good.
Equally prized and equally helpful are letters to the
Endeavorers on board ship, to the societies in asy-
lums, and in other places where Christian Endeavor
is maintained only with the exercise of a heroism
many of us know little about.
The Home Fields. — It may seem more interesting
to receive a letter from Yokohama than from Spring-
field, Mont, (if there is a Springfield in Montana) ;
but if you are patriotic, you will not neglect the home
field, and you will soon come to think quite as much
of your home-mission letters as of the foreign. In-
deed, as this correspondence can be conducted in the
language familiar to both parties, it can be made
much more interesting and valuable.
A Letter Committee. — In view of all these possibil-
ities, do you wonder that I advocate the formation of
a letter committee in every society? The work of
letter-writing should be under the direction of the
missionary committee, but they need much assistance,
and the society needs to give it. The letter commit-
tee may be different each month, and should be
chosen by the missionary committee, who will ap-
point one of its own members as chairman.
74 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Their Advantage. — As will be seen from the preced-
ing chapters, missionary meetings need for their best
success a large amount of illustrative material, and
since our membership is changing and the work ever
the same, it will greatly promote the missionary cause
if the material gathered by one set of workers can be
handed down to the next. It is human nature, when
one has made a good map or obtained some interest-
ing object from foreign lands, to wish to keep it, if^
only as a pleasant souvenir ; but the spirit of the early
disciples, who had all things in common, is the mission-
ary spirit, and I am sure that missionary workers, as
soon as the need is clearly shown them, will be glad
to establish in a missionary museum a permanent
fund of missionary helps.
The Room in which these objects are preserved
should be the same from year to year, if possible. It
is best some room in the church building or in the
parsonage next door, but the museum may be set up
in any private house.
Its Contents will comprise whatever may be of in-
terest in the missionary meeting or suggestive to
coming missionary committees. There will be curios,
of course, from all lands, and especially foreign cos-
tumes. It will be hardest to get the members to part
MISSIONARY MUSEUMS. 75
with these, but they will be most useful in carrying on
the work. There will be articles of use or ornament
from all around the world, idols, samples of food,
commercial products. The flags of the various na-
tions, for use in decorating, will be kept here, and will
often be required. Missionary mottoes, diagrams
that have been found effective, maps and charts of all
kinds, will here be preserved. The essays that have
been presented in missionary meetings will be placed
on file here — or at least copies of them — together
with the reports of all former missionary committees.
Unless you wish to place the missionary library in the
society meeting-room, here you will put your files of
missionary magazines and your collection of mission-
ary books and pamphlets.
Arrange the Museum carefully, placing in one com-
partment everything from one country. Provide a
neat and complete catalogue of whatever you have.
If duplicate copies of the catalogue can be prepared
by a copying-machine, they will prove very useful.
Interest People in the Museum, especially the mis-
sionaries, and you will soon find treasures floating in
upon you from all over the world. There is no
reason, either, why you should not spend a little
money upon it, since it is to be used to make money
for the Lord, and a few dollars laid out in foreign cos-
tumes not easily obtainable otherwise might prove a
Local Unions, of course, may do this work far better
than individual societies, and wherever possible the
missionary museum should be a union affair. It will
then be placed in some central locality, and be given
*^6 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
in charge of a union officer. It may become a very-
large and important collection, and if care is exercised
in appointing missionary meetings on different nights,
or, if they are on the same night, in seeing that the
subjects are different, there need never be confusion
in the use of it.
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. //
All Things to All Men. — The shrewd missionary
worker at home will imitate the wise men that are at
work on the missionary fields : he will not wait for
men to come to him to learn about missions, but he
will go to them ; and he will not present his subject
only in one stereotj'ped way, but in as many ways as
he can think of. Especially, he will take advantage
of the interest in play which all healthy young folks
feel, and will carry on, now and then, a missionary
social. The hard-worked social committee will be
very glad to resign their post for the occasion, and
allow the missionary committee to run a social as they
please. The following brief accounts deal with types,
and do not pretend to be exhaustive. For instance,
the idea of a " Hindoo Social " may be applied to any
missionary country, and so with most of the e:ocials
described. Thus these plans are susceptible of many
A Foreign Games Social. — By correspondence with
missionaries, by conversation with travellers, or from
books, get a collection of the games of missionary
countries, and devote an evening to playing them,
interspersing the games with short missionary ad-
dresses. Here is a sample game from Japan : Place
the Endeavorers in two long lines, facing each other.
yS THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
The leaders step forward and say together, " One, two,
three!" With the "three!" each thrusts forward
simultaneously one hand, with the palm flat, or with
the fist closed, or with only two fingers extended. If
both have the same gesture, it is a tie, and the per-
formance must be repeated ; but if A has closed his
fist, he has represented a stone ; and if B has his palm
extended, he has represented paper, and is victorious,
as paper can wrap up stone. If, on the other hand,
B had extended his fingers, representing scissors, A
would have been victor, because stone spoils scissors.
Scissors cuts paper ^ and so is victorious over it. The
conquered player steps out of the line, while No. 2 in
each row tries his fortune. So it goes on down the
lines ; then begins at the head again with those that
are left, and continues until one side is wiped out.
A Curio Social. — Interest all the members of the
society and their friends in gathering every possible
article from foreign lands, especially those in which
your church has missionaries at work. Arrange these
on tables, or in prettily hung booths, in each of which
there may preside a young woman dressed in the cos-
tume of the country, and ready to explain whatever is
on her table. The Turkish room may have Turkish
coffee to regale visitors; the India room may treat
them to curry ; the Chinese room, to tea or to lichee
nuts, and so on. After all have passed around among
the tables, call the assembly to order, and let some
competent person give a lecture on the curios, telling
about the strange customs they illustrate, and bring-
ing in many a plea for missions by the way. Close
with a missionary hymn.
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. 79
A Cook's Tour. — To carry on a Cook's tour, and yet
not leave town, first choose the country in which you
will journey,— say, China. Next gather every possi-
ble article illustrating that country, and especially
pictures of all sorts, photographs preferred. Hang
these around the room, and place the objects — carv-
ings, idols, pottery, vases, dresses, and the like — on
tables. Divide these things uniformly over the room,
and place in each section of the room a tourist con-
ductor, who will know all about the objects and pict-
ures irf his section. Let the Endeavorers wander around
as they wash until all are there. Then divide them
into as many groups as you have tourist conductors,
send each group to one section of the room, where the
conductor will explain everything; then, at the tap of
a bell, let the groups pass to the sections next in order,
and so on, until the entire series of exhibits has been
A Ceremony Social. — This form of entertainment is
very amusing and instructive. It requires costumes
and a pretty good knowledge of foreign customs, —
but nowadays both can be obtained, if one has intelli-
gence and knows how to use books. The ceremonies
best suited to representation are a Turkish wedding,
a Japanese ceremonial call, a Chinese tea, a Moham-
medan salutation, worship before a Buddhist shrine,
and the like.
A Missionary Quiz. — The scope of the missionary
quiz must be announced several weeks beforehand,
that the members may study up. It is best conducted
by the pastor, who will manage it in the same way as
the old-fashioned spelling bee, — only, instead of re-
8o THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
quiring the victims to spell our absurd English words,
he will ask them questions in missionary history and
other missionary facts. If the sides are chosen three
or four weeks in advance, the leaders may be trusted
to see that the members of their respective sides are
well posted before the evening arrives. Confine the
questions to one country or one missionary board.
It might be well to give a good missionary book to
the victor, but this should be a surprise.
Who Am I? — Each Endeavorer, as he enters, re-
ceives, pinned upon his back, the name of a mission-
ary. He is to find out what missionary he represents
by conversing with those he meets. They will talk
with him as if he were the missionary whose name he
bears, but of course without calling the name. He
will do the same for them. When one has guessed
who he is, the slip of paper is transferred to the front
of his coat. This game will not go well unless the
names of the missionaries to be used have been posted
in some conspicuous place for several weeks before-
hand, so that the Endeavorers may have a chance to
study up. To vary the game, some may be given more
general names to discover, such as a Hindoo widow,
a Buddhist priest, the "Morning Star"; but this
should be understood beforehand, or it will be con-
Mission Cities. — Divide the company into two
groups, and place them on opposite sides of the
room, with an umpire between. Allow each group a
few minutes in which they may consult and make out
a list of as many cities in mission fields as they can,
beginning with A. When the umpire calls "Time,"
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. 8 I
he will point to one side, whose leader promptly calls
out the name of a city. Turning to the other side,
the umpire counts twenty. Before he has finished,
the leader of the other side must name another city.
Thus it proceeds, until the list of one side is exhausted,
when the other side is credited with that letter ; and
the two sides consult on the next letter. It will be in
order for any member to whisper to the leader at any
time the name of a city not on his list. If the umpire
is in doubt whether the city is in a missionary coun-
try, he may compel the side that names it to tell where
the city is. The side gaining most letters is the victor.
Missionary Clumps. — You are probably familiar
with the game of clumps, in which the company is
divided into two groups, which occupy different
rooms, and send representatives — one from each
clump — to consult together and fix on some object.
The representative from each group goes before the
other one, and is questioned until one group has found
out what it is that has been fixed upon. A clapping
of hands announces the victor to the defeated side.
It will be of interest to play this on missionary lines,
setting the Endeavorers to guessing such objects as
Carey's hammer, Morrison's printing-press, Mackay's
engine, Livingstone's heart.
Boston Translated. — The good old game of "Bos-
ton " may be given a useful missionary twist. Some
one well informed regarding missions will preside
over the game, and begin the story. This leader will
assign to each player some name connected with the
history of missions — either the name of a place or
the name of a missionary. When in the course of the
82 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
story any of these names is introduced, the person
bearing it must at once rise and whirl around, on pen.
alty of paying a forfeit. When in the course of the
story the leader comes to the word, " Calcutta ! " all
the players change seats, and in the confusion the
leader also gets a seat. The person left standing
must go on with the story, and so it continues until
a sufficient number of forfeits has accumulated, when
they must be redeemed.
A Tum-Tum Social. — Of course this social is not
based exactly upon that Hindoo drum, but it is based
upon the music of missionary lands. Make up the
evening's entertainment, so far as possible, by the use
of songs in the language of missionary countries. You
will be able to get some natives to furnish it, per-
haps, — some Armenians, Chinese, Japanese, Hindoos,
Africans, or Indians. Solos on foreign instruments
may be introduced. The songs of some of these
countries may be obtained translated into English,
but with the foreign music. Interspersed among
these musical performances will come, of course^
short talks about the various missionary lands and
the work there.
Missionary Charades. — These are managed like the
ordinary charades, except that famous missionary
scenes are presented for the audience to guess —
such scenes as Judson in his prison, or Gardiner and'
his comrades shipwrecked in Patagonia.
The Missionary Post-Of&ce. — The missionary com-
mittee will prepare a large number of letters, one for
every member of the society. These letters will be
written in the character of some foreigner, and will
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. 83
introduce as many foreign ideas and customs as pos-
sible. They will be also, in different ways, strong
pleas for missionary work. Each envelope will bear
the stamp of the country from which it is supposed to
have come. Arrange part of the room in which the
social is held as a post-office, and have each Endeav-
orer call for his mail. After each has received his let-
ter, he must read it aloud. Introduce bits of fun into
each letter, to keep up the interest.
Missionary Representatives. — A pleasant feature of
some social not otherwise devoted to missions, would
be the requirement that each person come wearing
something to indicate a mission land. The entire cos-
tume or only part of it may suggest the counti'y, and
you may establish a contest, in the first part of the
evening, to see which can make the most full and cor-
rect list of the different countries represented.
Hindoo Social. — The idea is to pack into one evening
as much as possible about India. Hang the room with
English flags and with Indian fabrics. Crowd it with
all the articles from India you can get tog^ether. Have,
essays and talks on different phases of Hindoo life —
the schools, the women, the farmers, the temples, the
caste system, widows, and the like. Show on the wall
as many pictures as you can gather. Hang up a map
of India ready for reference. Have Hindoo songs,
Hindoo ceremonies, recitations of Hindoo poems,
quotations from the " Light of Asia," from some of
Kipling's Hindoo ballads, summaries of the lives of
the great missionaries to India. So much depends
upon the resources of your town that no specific direc-
tions can be given ; but if you set to work and make
84 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
a careful investigation, you will be astonished, I am
sure, to see how much material you can bring together.
Quotation Envelopes. — A good feature for a mis-
sionary social is the bringing of envelopes in \vhix:h
each has placed some contribution for missions, while
upon the outside is written a quotation from some
missionary. After the contents of the envelopes has
been counted and announced, the envelopes are dis-
tributed and the quotations read aloud.
Missionary Post. — This is for an outdoors social.
Name the trees, bushes, etc., with the names of im-
portant stations in different fields. Large banners
should be provided beforehand, each bearing the name
of a station and also of a missionary at work there.
The players posted at the several stations represent
the missionaries there. One player, unassigned, stands
in the centre. By motions the players arrange for
exchanges of posts, Dr. Farnham of Shanghai, for
instance, going to become Dr. Barnum of Harpoot.
With each transfer, the player takes up a new char-
acter. WhiJe the change is being made, the leader
tries to slip into the place temporarily vacant. If lie
succeeds, the outwitted player becomes leader in his
Missionary Alphabet. — Give each player a piece of
paper and a pencil. The game is to make — in five
minutes, say — as long a list as possible of missionary
stations and missionaries whose names begin with A.
After this, pass to the following letters. The person
victorious in the most letters wins the game.
Countries and Characters. — The leader stands in the
centre of the circle with a knotted handkerchief which
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. 85
he throws at some player, at the same time saying,
'•A place in China," or, "A missionary in Turkey,"
calling for either a missionary station or a missionary
in some country. If the person hit cannot answer be-
fore ten is counted slowly, he must take the leader's
place in the centre.
Hidden Stations. — Divide the members into groups,
and give to each person a slip of paper bearing say
ten anagrams, each anagram being the name of
some prominent missionary station, the letters all
mixed up. The anagrams are numbered, and each
group is furnished with a set of items, correspond-
ingly numbered, concerning the hidden stations, no
proper names being admitted. These are to serve as
an aid for solving the anagrams. The first group to
solve all the puzzles correctly (a member of the mis-
sionary committee with a correct list is stationed at
each table) will announce this fact by clapping the
hands, when the right list will be read aloud.
A Hunt for Facts. — Write upon slips of paper a
number of missionary facts, making them as varied
and suggestive as possible. Divide these slips, each
of them, into two parts. As the members enter, give
each of them one half of a fact, and tell them that on
the stroke of a bell they are to hunt for the rest of
their facts. It will add to the interest if half of each
fact is given to a boy and half to a girl, so far as pos-
sible. After all have been matched, they should be
An Examination. — If you have a very jovial person
to conduct the examination, you can get a great deal
of fun as well as profit out of such an exercise, held at
86 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
the close of a missionary social at which essays have
been read. The examination will be upon the in-
formation presented in these papers and during the
evening. The questions should be few, and should
call for only short answers. Pass the papers to your
neighbors, correct them, and mark the per cent as the
right answers are read. Honor in some way the per-
son whose per cent is the highest.
A Missionary Hunt. — Tell the Endeavorers, before
they come, to make themselves familiar with the
various mission fields of their denomination and the
names of the principal missionaries at each. As each
Endeavorer comes in, give him a card bearing either
the name of a missionary or the name of a station at
which that missionary labors. On a given signal the
stations set out to hunt for their missionaries, and the
missionaries for their stations. Each pair must pre-
sent themselves before the missionary committee to
learn whether they are properly matched. If you
want to make this social simpler, place in the room
a home-made map on which you have marked the
stations and the missionaries used during the evening.
The Endeavorers can examine this, and learn for what
name each is to search.
Sewing Bees. — If your church has no young
women's missionary society, it probably has no
sewing bees for niissionary work with the needle ;
and what agency better to establish these delightful
affairs than the missionary committee of the Christian
Endeavor society ? While the young women are sew-
ing on missionary garments, let one of their number
read aloud from some interesting missionary book.
MISSIONARY SOCIALS. 8/
An International Tea. — This may be made as elab-
orate as desired, with tables bearing viands of differ-
ent countries, waiters dressed in national costumes,
decorations of appropriate flags, the singing of na-
tional songs, and other fitting exercises. Put at each
plate a card bearing information about the missions
of the country represented by that table.
Missionary Nuggets. — This will furnish a pleasant
half hour at any social. Distribute cards, upon which
have been written famous bits from the writings of
eminent missionaries. Upon the back of each is to
be given a suggestive fact or two about the mission-
ary, but no name. Each member in turn will read
the quotation, and the information on the back of the
card. Then the card is to be given to the person who
first names the author. The Endeavorer that gets
the most cards is the winner.
An Animated Missionary Library. — Each young
woman is to represent a missionary book. She will
post herself upon the contents of the book, and at the
social will answer only questions with reference to it.
The books will be given numbers, and the young men
will "draw them" by number, without knowing who
or what they are. Then the conversation is to begin,
and is to continue until the young man has discovered
with what book he is talking. Then he may draw
Picturesque Devices. — Be sure to select some bright
feature in the life of each country presented in your
socials, and hang upon it some missionary informa-
tion. For example, if you are planning a Japanese
social, you may buy a lot of little Japanese umbrellas
88 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
(one cent each) and attach to each a set of facts about
Japan — different facts for each umbrella. At a cer-
tain stage in the evening's proceedings, some one
will read a set of questions to which these facts are
answers, and as each question is read, whoever thinks
he has the appropriate fact to answer it, will respond.
If your social is upon Alaska, set up in one corner
of the room an Indian tepee, within which will sit a
squaw, who hands to every one that calls on her a slip
of paper bearing either a question or an answer upon
Alaskan missions. The recipients are expected to
hunt around and find the corresponding slip.
If you are dealing with China, construct a gay pa-
goda in one corner of the room, and hang upon it little
pieces of red paper, each of them containing a mis-
sionary fact relating to China. These slips are of
different lengths, and when all that have slips of the
same length have come together, the assembly will be
found to be divided into groups of fours. The infor-
mation gathered by each four will be discovered to be
on some one subject, such as Chinese education, Chi-
nese religion, the Chinese language. It will next be
in order for each group to read tlie slips of paper in
MISSIONARY MONEY. 89
The Aim. — It is not right to have much regard in
our Christian Endeavor work to the total amount
raised for missions. Most of our members are young
people not yet earning money, and have little of it to
give. The educational value of giving is what you
must consider chiefly. It is essential, therefore, that
every one give something, and that all gifts be made
regularly. What you want is to cultivate the habit of
giving. If the Christian Endeavor society does this,
it is doing all that can fairly be expected of it.
The Envelope System. — This is the ideal way of
raising money for missions ; in fact, there is no other
way worth consideratibn. At the beginning of the
fiscal year the treasurer hands to each member of the
society a printed card (it may be typewritten or hecto-
graphed, though you can obtain the cards already
printed from the United Society). This card contains
the statement that the Endeavorer will give during
the coming year so much a month. There is a list of
figures, from one cent to twenty-five or fifty cents, and
the Endeavorer checks off the amount he thinks he
can give each month. The treasurer then hands him
a set of twelve little envelopes, each bearing the name
of a month. He is given a number on the treasurer's
book, and the envelopes are numbered to correspond.
90 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
There is nothing binding about the plan, but one may
withdraw from it during the year, if he choose. I have
yet to hear of a society that adopted this method, pre-
senting the plan to each member personally, and ever
afterward failed of a well filled treasury. It puts our
gifts on a businesslike basis. Each knows what is
expected, and the society knows what it will receive,
and can plan accordingly.
Ice-Cream Zeal. — If in your church you are already
well trained in the art of giving, it will not be so dan-
gerous for you occasionally to raise missionary money
by means of entertainments, suppers, fairs, and the
like; but if your community has been in the habit of
relying on such sources for most of its missionary
gifts, the sooner and the more completely you break
away from them, the better. " Pay socials do not
pay." " Birthday parties " (a penny for every year of
your age) are the death of true missionary giving.
When we give ten cents for a plate of ice-cream in
order that one cent of the dime may get to the heathen,
our interest goes rather with the ice-cream than with
the pitiful penny. That is not genuine giving which
must go around by way of a strawberry patch.
When Shall We Receive the Missionary Gifts? — At
the monthly consecration meeting, of course. Then
you are most sure of a full attendance. Besides, what
you give to missions is proof of consecration, to that
extent, at least, and fits into the very spirit of the ser-
vice. Always follow the reception of the collection
with a prayer that God may bless the gift, and that
souls may be won through it.
How To Divide the Money Raised. — 1 n some churches
MISSIONARY MONEY. QI
less amply provided with this world's goods, the aid
of the Endeavorers in maintaining the church may be
very acceptable ; but in most churches the young peo-
ple will be free to use all their money for missions and
to keep up their society work. In most societies the
latter item is a very slight drain on the budget ; the
society expenses consist almost entirely of topic-cards,
with a little now and then to eke out a social. Most
of the Endeavorers' money, then, can be appropriated
to missions, and it is best to divide it equally between
the home and the foreign fields. Of course, if the
society wishes, separate pledges can be made for mis-
sions and for the society expenses ; but that seems a
needless complication, if it is understood that most
will go to the mission boards.
The Forward Look. — It is a decided advantage if
the chief objects of your benevolence for the year can
be selected beforehand, though of course you will
wish to leave part of the probable receipts unappro-
priated to meet unexpected calls. But if you know
what you are raising money for, it will be possible to
arouse much more interest in the cause. Throughout
the year you can not only speak of the good your past
contributions are doing in certain fields, but you can
urge the need of the fields to which you are intending
to send money as soon as it may be raised.
A Programme of Giving. — An individual forward
look at the beginning of the year, as well as one taken
by the society as a whole, will be a good thing for
missionary giving. Hand to each member a hecto-
graphed or typewritten copy of the following : —
It is my purpose to give each week during the coming year
to each of the following objects the sum set opposite them : —
92 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
The Sunday school.
The Christian Endeavor society.
The Christian Endeavor union.
ReHgious periodicals and books.
Flowers for the church.
Of course the list will vary in different localities.
Let the missionary committee place upon the board a
copy of the list with sample figures added by way of
suggestion, ranging from ten cents at the head to,
possibly, one-fourth of a cent in the less important
Separate Funds. — The older Christians find it a help
to divide their missionary gifts, taking up separate
collections for foreign work, home work, church-build-
ing, Sunday-school extension, and the like. It may
well be that, as a mere matter of education, if for no
other reason, it would be well in our Christian En-
deavor societies to give an opportunity at least to each
member to subscribe separately to the different mis-
sionary objects to which his society will contribute
during the year.
How Should Money Be Sent to the Missionary
Boards? — Send it always through your church treas-
urer, because the Christian Endeavor society is a
branch of the church, and whatever it gives should
be counted in with the church gifts. However, the
treasurer should be asked to keep a separate account
of the Christian Endeavor gifts, and to designate
them separately in sending them to the boards. This
is because many boards wish to keep track of the
MISSIONARY MONEY. 93
amount of money sent by the Endeavor societies. If
your money is to go to certain missions or missionaries
set apart by the boards for the support of the young
people, the treasurer will, of course, make that dispo-
sition of your gifts.
Follow Your Gifts. — You will have lost much of the
value of giving, if after you have given you permit the
society to lose sight of its gifts. Every dollar should
mean just so much more of continued interest in some
missionary field. For instance, you have sent fifteen
dollars to a school in India: let the missionary com-
mittee see to it that subsequent missionary meetings
present news from that special school, though they
present nothing else. Read before the society what-
ever letter of acknowledgment comes to you. Get a
letter from some missionary there, if you can. Show
pictures of the building and the natives. Make the
Endeavorers feel that they have actually made an in-
vestment out in India which they should follow with
their interest and their prayers. So important is this
work that it might well be placed in the hands of a
special committee, — a committee of one, possibly, —
which might be called the "following-up committee."
The Gifts of Church-Members. — Most of our En-
deavorers are church-members, and their contributions
to missions are made chiefly, as is right, to the church
directly. It is only fair, however, that in reporting for
Christian Endeavor statistics the gifts of Endeavorers,
these sums should be included, and the treasurer
should get from the church-members in the society a
statement of what they gave through the church, as
well as what they gave through the society. Of course
94 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL,
this information should be kept private so far as names
Your Own Missionary.— Most missionary boards
have adopted the plan of assigning missionaries to
single Christian Endeavor societies or churches, or
groups of societies or churches, for them to support
entirely. I earnestly advocate this scheme. Experi-
ence shows that when a society is thus embarked on
some grand definite enterprise, its interest is not cen-
tred on the one field in which its representative is at
work, but at once becomes deeper and broader than
ever before. Do something heroic, Endeavorers !
Get your board to assign to you a missionary of your
very own. If you go at the task in the spirit of
the pledge, you will be amazed to see how easily the
money will be raised, and how blessed will be the
A Division That Increases. — In case you are not
giving all your money to the support of one mission-
ary, it is better to divide it among several foreign and
several home mission fields, than to send it all to one.
Each gift, though it may be a small one, will interest
the society in the field to which it goes, so that a di-
versity of gifts generally means a widening interest.
A Finance Committee. — The great subject of giving
may well absorb the energies of an entire committee,
as well as of the treasurer. Most societies have too
few committees, anyway. This committee, if you de-
cide to form one, should not in any way interfere with
the treasurer, but should confine its efforts solely to
making the Endeavorers more generous. It will push
the Tenth Legion, inform itself regarding the special
MISSIONARY MONEY. 95
needs of the boards and of the mission fields and re-
port them, give items to the point in missionary meet-
ings, and report from time to time what progress the
society is making in the matter of giving.
Just How You Stand. — Frequent reports from the
treasurer will serve to maintain the society's interest
in giving. At every business meeting he should tell
precisely how the money is coming in, what has been
spent, and for what missionary objects, and how much
is left in the treasury.
A Record that Takes Care of Itself. — The treasurer
will be saved some bother if he places a mission box
in one corner of the room, and above it a list of the
members of the society, each name being followed by
fifty-two spaces, if the contributions are to be made
weekly, or by twelve spaces if they are to be made
monthly. Then, as the member places his gift in the
box, he will place a cross opposite his name. The
treasurer alone knows for what pledged amount each
cross stands. He will take out the money every week
at the end of the meeting, and count it.
The Tenth Legion. — Few branches of Christian
Endeavor work have shown more clearly the practi-
cal common sense of the movement, together with its
lofty ideals, than the Tenth Legion. This is an en-
rolment of tithe-givers. Christian Endeavorers and
others. Its members simply state that it is their
practice to give to the Lord's work one-tenth or more
of their income. They receive a certificate, which is
returned if, for any reason, at any time, they wish to
give up this plan of giving. But only two or three of
the many thousands that have enrolled have discarded
96 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
the method. Indeed, a large number of them have
gone on to give one-fifth or more !
There is nothing formal about the matter. It is
anything but a return to Judaism. The movement
simply springs from the knowledge that Christians in
general are giving far less than one-tenth, and frorn
the conviction that "gospel liberty" does not meaiv
liberty to be less generous than the Jews.
To push this movement, send to the United Society
of Christian Endeavor, and they will send you, free, a
leaflet giving full details of the movement, with blank
application-cards. They sell for two cents an address
by myself which is to be illustrated by easily made
paste-board designs, setting forth how little is now
given and how much is needed. It is called, "The
Tenth Legion." This may be repeated at a meeting
called to arouse interest in tithe-giving. The United
Society also sells — at fifteen cents a hundred — vot-
ing slips to be used to ascertain what part of your so-
ciety are already tithe-givers, what part would like to
be, what part keep regular account of their gifts, etc.
The address referred to, another address by your pas-
tor, short testimonies from those that have already
tried the system of tithe-giving, and the voting (no
names being given) — this would make an effective
presentation of the case, and would constitute one of
the most useful of missionary meetings. Try it.
A Standing Hint. — We do not use half enough in
our religious work the principle of advertising. Try
it in the matter of giving. Keep standing before the
society, printed on a blackboard or on a sheet of card-
board, this pointed announcement: —
MISSIONARY MONEY. 9/
Eight of our members
are now giving
SHOULD NOT YOU?
Of course the first figure should be changed as the
" My Account with the Lord." — Get some printer to
print this title upon a set of little blank books, and
give one of them to every Endeavorer, obtaining a
promise to keep account in that book on one side of
all receipts, and on the other side of whatever gifts
are made to the Lord's work. Even if the system of
tithing is not in every case at once adopted, yet the
gain in generosity that will result from this regular
keeping of accounts will pay for the books many times
Two Cents a Week. — The plan does not compare in
value with the tithing system already mentioned, but
some societies may wish to adopt, as a stepping-stone
to a more just proportion, the "two-cents-a-week plan."
In accordance with this, each member promises to
give at least two cents a week for missions, paying
the money every month to the treasurer, who keeps
individual accounts. This may be increased to two
cents a week for home and two cents for foreign mis-
sions, and then you may advance to the more liberal
plan of the tenth.
A Growing Wave. — Some societies have found it
profitable, in managing the " two-cents-a-week " plan
of giving to missions, to ask each person that promised
two cents a week to make a further promise that he
98 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
will endeavor to get two other persons to give in the
same way. Such a scheme might work, also, in the
propaganda of the Tenth Legion.
A Day's Wages. — If you find it hard to persuade
the young folks to give a tithe, approach those that
are earning salaries with the request that each of
them set apart at least one day's wages for the mis-
sion cause. This will doubtless be more than the
average gift to missions, and will mark a step in
Free-Will Offering. — These are commanded, in addi-
tion to the regular gifts that we pledge. Give an
opportunity for them by establishing a thank-offering
box in some part of the society room, whose contents
the treasurer will investigate every week, and report
frequently to the society for the sake of stimulating
such extra gifts.
A Birthday League. — This is a " wheel within a
wheel." It is made up of those Endeavorers that
agree to give each year on their birthdays a certain
sum to the missionary treasuries. The sum is sup-
posed to grow larger as they grow older. Christians
outside the society are added to the league, and in one
instance known to the writer very large sums indeed
have been obtained in this way.
A Sacrifice Social. — Let the members agree to see
for a certain time — say a month — how much money
each can save by little acts of self-denial. At the
'• sacrifice social " let each tell — in prose or verse —
how much he saved, and what he did without in order
to make the saving. Some societies have emphasized
this plan by giving to each member a " self-denial
MISSIONARY MONEY. 99
box " or a self-denial envelope," to keep in plain view
as a reminder.
An Object Lesson. — A meeting with this title may be
made to teach a great deal about giving. Give each
Endeavorer some figures and ask him to illustrate
them in some way before the society at the next meet-
ing. Help those that are not inventive. For exam-
ple, what the nation pays each year for confectionery
may be illustrated by an immense stick colored to
represent a stick of candy, and our gifts to foreign
missions by a pasteboard Bible made correspondingly
small. The relative gifts of the different denomina-
tions may be represented by pieces of ribbon of differ-
ent lengths. Diagrams may be drawn representing
the average number of heathen to one missionary,
and the average number of church-members to one
minister at home.
Printers' Ink. — Invest in some good book on giving,
such as Pansy's capital "Pocket Measure," or get
from " Layman," 310 Ashland Ave., Chicago, a supply
of his admirable "What We Owe, and Why We
Owe It," which he will send you free. Then see
that every one in the society reads these noble ser-
mons on generosity.
Bible Spurs. — A meeting with this title may be
based on Bible texts on giving. Hand one of these to
each member, and ask him to read it at the meeting
and follow it up with remarks of his own. Songs
about giving, prayers for the spirit of self-denial, and
an address on generosity will round out the meeting.
One Board a Meeting. — Until the members of the
society are thoroughly informed regarding their mis-
lOO THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
sionary boards, it will be well for the missionary
committee to obtain ten minutes at each meeting (five,
if no more can be got) for the presentation of inter-
esting items concerning the work of some one board.
Begin with an account of the work in general, and
then, after this survey has been made, go on to give
Shares in Missionaries. — It will give a delightful
sense of participation in missionary work if the mem-
bers are invited to take shares in live missionaries or
native workers. Find what it costs to support some
particular missionary, divide it by one hundred or
one thousand, and ask each Endeavorer how many
shares he will take in the work of that missionary.
If you can undertake the support of a missionary
alone, — and many societies could do even this and
some are doing it, — get your board to assign one to
you, and then divide his salary into 365 parts, asking
each member for how many days he will have the
work of that missionary all to himself !
RELIEF WORK. lOI
Why Undertake It? — There is always danger in
theory without practice, and one of the chief advan-
tages of the Christian Endeavor Society is that it
always combines the two. We must manage to get
personal missionary work into our missionary activi-
ties, or the missionary studies and even the missionary
giving will fail of their highest service. It is for this
reason that work in the prisons and in the hospital is
so valuable, and it is for this reason that I urge young
people, even though the means at their disposal may
be slight, to take a hand in the relief work that all
Christian churches should be carrying on. There are
other reasons, also, why this relief work is fitted to
our societies. Young people can learn the needs of
the poor more readily than their elders without seem-
ing obtrusive, and gifts will be received from them by
the proud far more readily than from grown men and
Go With Your Gift. — Of course much of its value,
to you and to the recipient, depends upon this. The
missionary committee should not do all the work
of distributing alone. Each special case of want
should be placed in the hands of some one member
who will become acquainted thoroughly with the per-
son or family, so that whatever is given will come
from a personal friend rather than from a stranger.
I02 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Learn Who Are in Need from your own observation,
in the first place. Use your eyes in your own neigh-
borhood, or, if you are in the city, take districts and
explore them. If charitable organizations exist al-
ready, put yourselves under their guidance. Get from
the doctors and from your pastor the names of the
very poor and their addresses. You will not need to
What To Give. — Clothes to the children, especially.
Urge your desire that they may be able to come to
Sunday school, and you will more easily prevail upon
the parents to accept your aid. Gather cast-off cloth-
ing from the entire congregation. Do not forget toys.
Many a nursery would be a more joyful place if part of
its toys went to the children that never have such things.
Give food, or money to buy it. Give coal where the
fuel supply, that prime source of comfort, has run
short. Give a doctor's care to the sick, or money to
buy medicine. Indeed, the needs will be so numerous
that you will not find it necessary to inquire what to
give, but rather how to get the many articles urgently
The Best Help Is Self-Help. — Whenever possible,
give them work to do. It may be household sewing
or family washing, or the garden to tend, or the lawn,
or the front walk. It may be a situation in a store.
The very best relief committee is an employment
Money for This Work must come largely from your
elders, but lack of giving usually means only lack of
knowledge, and if you will learn about such sad cases
as are to be found everywhere, you will not need to
RELIEF WORK. IO3
do more than state them to open pocketbooks as wide
as you please.
The Country Week or the day's outing is a matter
for the unions, but if you have no local union, there is
no reason why a single society may not do splendid
work, although limited, in this very direction. Cer-
tainly those of you that have carriages can make
missionary carriages of them, and see that they are
often used to give rides to the children, the sick, and
the weary, of the very poor.
A Rummage Sale has been found by some societies
to be a good plan. It may be held in the church, or,
if that is not in the neighborhood where many poor
people live, it may be brought closer to them. It will
consist of all the partly worn articles you can gather
from the homes of the congregation, neatly set forth
and classified on tables, and offered for sale at nomi-
nal rates. There will be a one-cent table, a two-cent
table, and so on. The greatest care must be exercised
to avoid giving the affair a patronizing tone, but that
is true of all relief work. It is easily spoiled, but the
spirit of Christ can fill it with all loveliness.
I04 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
MISSIONS IN THE JUNIOR SOCIETY.
A Very Full Treatment of this subject is given in my
Junior Manual, and I must refer my readers to that
book if they wish a large number of working methods.
I can give in this place only a few general suggestions
and a few specimen ways of working, especially some
plans that are not described in the volume referred to.
Indeed, most of the different kinds of meetings of
which I give an account in the present manual may
be made suitable, with litde change, for the Junior
Children's Mission Bands are not found in some
churches, but all the work of such bands is carried on,
to save multiplying organizations, by the Junior so-
ciety. When this is the case, the Junior superinten-
dent must use double care that the missionary cause
may not suffer but may rather be the gainer because
this trust is committed to Christian Endeavor hands.
Get into close touch with the denominational organi-
zation that conducts the mission bands; it is usually
the woman's board. Learn the plans of the secre-
taries, use their leaflets and exercises, and let thcni
know that your Junior society is co-operating witli
them as thoroughly as the best mission band in the
A Flag Exercise may readily be constructed, if you
have a supply of foreign flags. Give each Junior
MISSIONS IN THE JUNIOR SOCIETY. IO5
some missionary fact or anecdote and have him step
forward and tell it, at the same time waving the flag
of the country about which he is speaking.
A Question Meeting may be made so simple that all
the Juniors can take part. Ask each Junior a question
about missions so very easy that he can get the answer
almost anywhere; such questions as: "What are the
mission boards of our church ?" "Who was the first
English missionary to India?" " What mission field
is called the Dark Continent, and why?" "What
mission field is called the Neglected Continent, and
The Chairs may be made an interesting and ever-
varying factor in a Junior missionary meeting. Place
them in squares for cities, each city bearing a banner
with its name upon it. Of course the Juniors that sit
in these chairs are the people living in those cities,
and will describe their surroundings. So the chairs
may be made to represent islands, and a Junior may
represent a missionary ship cruising among them. So
in many other ways the children's vivid imaginations
may be enlisted in the cause.
A Paton Sunday. — This will be a meeting entirely
devoted to learning about the interesting life of this
missionary, and it may be followed by other bio-
graphical meetings. In the same way you may have
a Foochow Sunday, studying that interesting city and
its missions, followed by a Calcutta Sunday, and the
Missionary Essays, brief and simple, may be given
at every meeting. They will use up only a few
minutes. On one Sundav an Endeavorer from the
106 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
older society may give one and on the next Sunday a
Junior, and so they may alternate.
Missionary Cardboard. — Cut outsets of cards, two
by four inches, using a different color for each mis-
sionary country. Upon these cards write interesting
missionary facts and anecdotes, or cut from the
papers and paste them' on, not by any means forget-
ting pictures. These cards may be used in mission-
ary meetings, and should be kept as souvenirs by the
"The Junior Missionary." — This would make a
good name for a little manuscript missionary paper,
to be edited by one of the Juniors, and read at every
missionary meeting. Of course contributions are to
be obtained from as many of the Juniors as possible.
Mission Maps made in the sand may teach the Jun-
iors much about the mission fields. Dampen the
sand beforehand, and use blue cambric on the bottom
of the tray to represent the water. Dress dolls in for-
eign costumes for the people. Have the boys make
paper models of foreign houses, of temples, pagodas,
and the like. Get each Junior to make something for
the map — amission school house, a mission church,
a mission college ; and as each places his contribution
in the proper position, he is to tell the society some-
thing about it.
The Birthdays of Missionaries may be observed by
the Juniors, and if they send to the missionaries, in
time to reach them on their birthdays, some little
token of their love for them, it will cheer the mission-
aries beyond measure, and at the same time quicken
the Juniors' interest in the work.
MISSIONS IN THE JUNIOR SOCIETY. 10/
Souvenirs of Missionary Meetings will please the
Juniors. They may be very simple, but they should
be appropriate and should be given to each member
present. For example, a good souvenir of a meeting
devoted to studying missions among the Indians would
be an arrow cut from pasteboard, gilded, with a blue
ribbon tied to the shaft, and with the date printed on
Foreign Christian Endeavor Badges may be obtained
from the United Society, and may be used in various
ways, as rewards and otherwise, to stimulate interest
in missions. The Juniors will be proud to wear
Chinese pins, and the little silver tokens will often re-
mind them of their almond-eyed brothers and sisters.
Missionary Links. — These are obtained by corre-
spondence with the Juniors of other lands. They con-
sist of brief messages, especially Bible verses, writ
ten on uniform strips of paper sent for that purpose,
though a fine effect is sometimes produced by the
substitution of foreign paper. The messages should
be written in the foreign languages, with translations
following. They will be fastened together in a chain,
and will hang in the Junior meeting-place as a perpet-
ual reminder of missions and of the Juniors' kinship
all around the world.
Text-Chains may be made for the sick in the hospi-
tals or in the homes of the congregaticn. Each
Junior chooses a Bible verse that he thinks likely to
comfort and help the sick one. The text is then writ-
ten, as nicely as he can do it, on a strip of bright-
colored paper furnished by the superintendent, and
when all are done, they are pasted together in inter-
I08 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
lacing links and sent to cheer the hospitals and the
sick rooms. The children themselves may do much
good by visiting the hospitals, old ladies' homes, and
the like, singing to the inmates, and bringing them
fruit and other delicacies, as well as light scrap-
books they have made themselves and fans covered
with funny stories or pretty pictures.
Talents. — Give to each Junior a small sum of
money, say five cents, to increase for the missionary
contribution. The children will buy with it material
which they can make up into objects for sale, which
can again be converted into new material, thus con-
stantly adding to the fund. A social should be held,
or some special meeting, to which the Juniors will
bring their money and tell how they gained it.
Mite-Boxes will be of assistance in teaching the Jun-
iors to save money for missions. They can be obtained
at most missionary headquarters. Once a year, or
oftener, hold " inspection " socials, in which the mite-
boxes are opened and their contents counted.
Junior Gardens, — Set the Juniors to raising money
for missions by means of gardening. Give each of
them at the beginning of the season, in a bag, a cer-
tain number of beans to plant, say one hundred and
fifty, and at the close of the season have a "bean sup-
per," all the articles of retreshment beginning with B.
The beans from each garden are to be weighed and
bought at their market value by some missionary
Missionary Canvassers. — The J uniors will make good
canvassing agents for the papers published by your
denomination, and since in most cases a liberal pre
MISSIONS IN THE JUNIOR SOCIETY. ICQ
mium is allowed, this is one excellent way to raise
money for missions. Another good w^ay is to present
each Junior with a prettily made Junior shield.—
pasteboard, of course, — bearing upon its back ten
little envelopes in two rows. Each envelope is to
receive ten cents for missions, so that the whole when
filled will mean one dollar.
A Parasol Social. — Provide little Japanese parasols,
which cost about one cent apiece. Give one to each
Junior. Attached to each parasol is a card bearing a
missionary fact. Corresponding to these facts is a set
of questions which will be read later in the evening,
each Junior watching to see when a question is read
that may belong to the answer on his parasol. For
instance, if the question is read : " What do the Japa-
nese street Arabs say to the foreigners.? " The an-
swer would be, "His talk is all the same as a cat's."
'•How many Chinese can read?*' ''How many
missionaries are there in the world?" — that is the
kind of question to propound.
Missionary Anagrams. — This is a pleasant mission-
ary game for a social. Group the Juniors in compa-
nies of ten, and give each Junior a slip of paper with
numbers from i to lo. Pass around in each group
a set of ten cards, each card bearing the name of a
missionary well known to the Juniors, but the letters
all mixed up. They are to solve the puzzles, writing
the names of the missionaries opposite the proper
figure, each card bearing a number. Those that
solve the greatest number in a certain time win the
no THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
UNION MISSIONARY WORK.
Other Chapters of this book have described fully
some of the most important missionary enterprises of
Christian Endeavor unions, namely, the missionary
conference, the missionary mass meeting, the mission-
ary museum, and missions in conventions. This
chapter is to speak of other lines of work that do not
need detailed treatment.
The Union Missionary Committee consists of the
chairmen of all the missionary committees in the
union. This committee itself has a chairman chosen
by the union. The committee should meet several
times a year to plan the committee conferences, and
to arrange for whatever practical missionary work the
union may carry on.
An Advisory Board. — Many lines of effort, noble in
themselves, are not appropriate for an interdenomina-
tional body such as the Christian Endeavor union.
Still other kinds of work, though suitable, require for
success the advice and guidance of older heads.
Every Christian Endeavor union should have, there-
fore, a pastors' advisory board, consisting of repre-
sentative pastors of the different denominations, and
new undertakings of importance should first receive
the hearty approval of this board. Some of the plans
suggested in the following pages would be very unwise
under certain circumstances which the pastors alone
UNION MISSIONARY WORK. I I I
could determine, though all such plans are described
here for the reason that in some cities they have
proved great successes, and have met with the cordial
approval of all the pastors.
Your Own Mission. — Such a plan, for instance, is
the adoption of a city mission, or the support of a city
missionary. In some localities this has been the life
of the city union, and has done wonders for the
spiritual condition of the churches connected with it.
Whether this is feasible or not, — and it generally is, —
you may always give great aid to the city mission or
missions by regular systematic assistance in their
meetings. On one night, by previous arrangement,
the Endeavorers of the Walnut Avenue Baptist
Church will go to the Third Street Rescue Mission.
The next night the young people of the Sixth Presby-
terian Church will go there, and so on. The.se En-
deavorers will help by singing, by their sympathetic,
eager listening, by their cordial words to the men, by
their ready, pointed, brief testimonies when called on,
and by their faithful prayers. Of course the sights
they will see and the words they will hear and this
experience in actual evangelistic work will do far more
for the Endeavorers than they will do for the mission ;
but that is all the better.
Mission Sunday Schools are well within the scope of
most Christian Endeavor unions. Established by the
aid of the whole union, each school might be carried
on by the Endeavorers of a single denomination, all
the societies of that denomination uniting, so that there
will be no trouble about the denominational affiliation
of the church that will surely in time spring from the
112 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
school. Officers and teachers will be drawn from
the young people, and the hand-to-hand work with the
neglected families of the city that will result from
contact with their children will prove of inestimable
value, not only to the city but to the Endea-vorers as
Union Study Classes for gaining missionary infor-
mation have been carried on in several large cities.
The large numbers thus brought together furnish an
element of enthusiasm wanting in smaller classes, and
the friction of mind on mind is worth much. Besides,
banding together in this way, the Endeavorers are
enabled to obtain the finest of instructors. One union
that tried this plan added to it a normal class -for mis-
A Circulating Library of missionary books has been
established by at least one union and found to be a
success. The union buys the books at a discount.
They are sent through the mail at a slight cost, and
thus the reading of the very best missionary books is
made possible for all the missionary workers of the
An Evangelistic Campaign waged by the young peo-
ple alone has been carried on with much profit in
some cities. Of course the pastors gave cordial assent
— that is true of all these accounts. Committees
were appointed — executive, devotional, evangelistic,
finance, ushers, music, press, canvassing. The best
of speakers were obtained, but the young people did
most of the speaking themselves, after the Christian
Endeavor fashion. Meetings were held night after
night in the separate churches, and many were brought
UNION MISSIONARY WORK. II 3
The Gospel Wagon is a missionary tool that young
people will find very effective. Indeed, it has already
been used to the greatest advantage by groups of
Christian Endeavor societies. The wagon itself, with
a Bible-rest for the speaker, with a portable organ,
and with seats for a goodly company of singers, can
be bought for a sum within the reach of most unions.
By its aid the distant parts of the city can be reached,
and the outlying districts.
Outdoor Evangelistic Services, with or without the
aid of the gospel wagon, though they fall rather heav-
ily on a single society, yet when all the societies in the
union join together, they can be maintained without
trouble. Most of the Endeavorers will sing, but
many of them will testify, and their warm words for
the Master will often produce an impression that the
most eloquent preacher could hardly make.
In Factories. — From outdoor work to evangelistic
work indoors is a short step, and the union will soon
take it. The Endeavorers, wherever they have tried
it, have been remarkably successful in reaching with
the gospel companies of workers in the mills, the fac-
tories, the great stores, the street-car employees, men
at the life-saving stations, men on the wharves, men
in the engine houses, railroad men, the " shut-ins " of
the asylums, hospitals, almshouses, and prisons. Just
a simple Christian Endeavor prayer meeting, with
hearty singing and plain, prompt, glad testimonies,
such as Endeavorers are perfectly familiar with, has
proved to be the best possible way into the hearts of
many of these people whom the church too often neg-
114 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
Bicycle Evangelists. — It has been found possible in
some localities to gather a strong company of Chris-
tian Endeavor bicyclists, who — on week-day nights —
set off on their wheels for the country districts in need
of gospel work, and hold meetings in school houses
and in similar places. What kind of " club outing "
is equal to that ?
There Are Many Other Plans which the Christian En-
deavor union might carry out for the benefit of the
mission cause. It might own and lend a magic lan-
tern. Flower missions are carried on by many city
unions, in coYij unction with country unions. Fresh-air
work and country week ; street-car rides for the chil-
dren of the poor ; boat excursions, also, for them ;
carriage rides for their sick; regular meetings in coun-
try school houses — these are only a few of the diver-
sified missionary undertakings that our active unions
have proved possible for young people.
The State Unions have, as yet, developed few plans
for advance missionary work, though some of the
State unions have their missionary superintendents.
Of course one of their first duties is to urge in all socie-
ties the appointment of missionary committees and the
holding of regular missionary meetings, the circulation
of missionary literature, and the formation of mission-
ary study classes. Care for the missionary features
of the annual Christian Endeavor convention also
comes within the province of the missionary superin-
The First Work of a county missionary superinten-
dent, or a State superintendent, or the chairman of a
union missionary committee, is to ascertain, if it is
UNION MISSIONARY WORK. II5
not known already, just what the societies are already
doing for missions. Knowing this, he can go on to
make definite recommendations. A circular of in-
quiry, with blanks to be filled out, must be his first
official document. It must ask what is the annual
gift of the society to missions ; how often they hold
missionary meetings ; what missionary themes are
taken up; what interest they have in special fields, if
any ; whether a missionary committee is in existence;
if so, the name of the chairman, and at what time the
new officers are chosen ; the name of the pastor, the
president, the corresponding secretary. Most of this
knowledge is necessary, and all of it is useful, before
wise work can be done in a union by those that would
stir up missionary zeal among its members.
State Missionary Campaigns, and even campaigns
that have extended through several States, have been
carried on with much enthusiasm and lasting gain by
the Endeavorers. The State officers manage the
work. They correspond with the societies, and, mak-
ing the condition that the pastors shall first approve
everything, they arrange for such mass meetings as
are described in the chapter on that subject. The
local union agrees to pay its share of the speakers' ex-
penses. An average of five dollars a union has been
found to be sufficient, as the speakers give their time
and only travelling expenses are to be provided for.
The best missionary orators in the country can be ob-
tained for these campaigns, because the audiences of-
fered are so large and so numerous. Night after
night for several weeks at a time, the speakers move
from town to town, finding everywhere that the En-
Il6 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
deavorers have thoroughly advertised their meetings,
and that a great throng of interested auditors awaits
Summer Schools of missions have been established
for some time in at least one State, — California, —
and they have done much good. The best of instruc-
tors are obtained, and the pleasures of a delightful
vacation resort are combined with the greater joys of
missionary study classes and lectures. As all States
now have Student Volunteers, this plan, on a small
and modified scale possibly, is one that may be trans-
planted from California.
MISSIONARY MASS MEETINGS. I I /
MISSIONARY MASS MEETINGS.
The Value of Numbers. — The phrase, "poorly at-
tended," has come almost to belong to the words,
"missionary meeting." I am thankful to say that in
our Christian Endeavor societies the missionary meet-
ing is usually the most popular of all the meetings.
This will be true everywhere throughout the church if
popular methods are used. It is only necessary to
put together half a dozen "poorly attended" mission-
ary meetings, and you have a crowded mass meeting
that will excite the curiosity of the most listless and
persuade the most indifferent that there must be some-
thing in missions worth his attention. Our churches
have made the mistake of holding missionary meetings
that treat only denominational topics, thus losing the
impetus that should come with a great, world-wide
movement like missions. In no town where it has
been tried will there ever afterward be a doubt as to
the value of the interdenominational missionary mass
The Speaker may be a returned missionary. If he
is a good talker, of course he is the very best man for
your purpose. He will welcome the opportunity of
addressing a large audience, and will have much to
say that is just as helpful to other denominations as to
his own. Of course no collection will be taken, but
Il8 THE MISSIONARY MAxNUAL.
the meeting will have its effect on all subsequent mis-
sionary collections. If no returned missionary is
available, nevertheless you may have a missionary
mass meeting, using some eloquent pastor or layman ;
or, perhaps better, use some of the following plans
which call for many speakers.
A Pastors' Meeting. — In this meeting every pastor
in town is to have a part. Get a bright presiding offi-
cer who knows how to keep the speakers strictly on
time, while keeping them and every one else in a good
humor. Divide the time evenly among the speakers.
Get each man to choose some aspect of missions on
which he would like to speak. See that the titles are
taking ones, and advertise them all. Never mind if
two do choose the same theme. Each will have so
short a time that they will not be likely to overlap.
And with such a galaxy of able speakers, you will
surely have a crowded audience and a fine meeting.
A Testimony Meeting. — "Why I believe in mis-
sions " is the theme. Choose for the speakers some
bright business men, a few attractive women speakers,
a teacher, a lawyer, a physician, and the like, covering
as wide a circle of occupations as you can. Get the
best speaker in the community to sum up the argu-
ment in a few pointed sentences at the close.
A Bird's-Eye View Meeting. — Obtain for this meet-
ing as many representatives of different denominations
as you can, and let each come prepared to speak on
the most important features of the missionary enter-
prises of his church. Urge every speaker to stick
strictly to his text — not to make a plea for missions
in general, but to confine himself to telling in what
MISSIONARY MASS MEETINGS. II9
points his denominational missions are unique, and
what conspicuous triumphs they have won or are win-
ning. A large map would be of much service in this
A Generosity Meeting. — A number of speakers will
make a plea from different standpoints for more gen-
erous missionary giving. One will make the argument
from the Bible, one from the needs of the heathen, one
from the commercial advantages that spring from mis-
sions, one from the heroic lives of missionaries, one
from the spiritual results among the heathen, and so
on. Be definite. Push tithe-giving. Let the system be
strenuously presented by some strong advocate who
will invite questions about it from any one in the room.
A Missionary Jubilee. — This meeting might be held
at the end of the year. Representatives of the differ-
ent denominations would speak, each telling of the
missionary victories during the year on the mission
fields of his own denomination. The meeting would
send every one home tingling with fresh zeal and new
A City-Missions Meeting. — If your union is in a
large city, you can easily obtain addresses of thrilling
interest from representatives of the various city mis-
sions — the rescue missions that work among men and
those that deal with the women, the missions to the
sailors, the all-night mission work, the industrial
homes, the children's missions, the missions to the
Chinese, Italians, Jews, and other nationalities. The
meeting will arouse the Christians to labor for their
own city as no recital from a single missionary, repre-
senting a single institution, could.
I20 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
" For Our Country." — A home-mission meeting is
especially suitable for a patriotic anniversary, such as
the Fourth of July and Memorial Day. If you cannot
obtain a genuine home missionary, get a number of
speakers to make short speeches filled with anec-
dotes, each of them taking up one phase of home-
mission work, such as work among the negroes of the
South, among the mountain whites, among the
Indians, Chinese, Mormons.
A Missionary-Committee Meeting. — This is to be
an evening for the Christian Endeavor workers espec-
ially. The members of the missionary committees of
the union will themselves fill up the programme with
brief, telling speeches, a sort of sharp-shooting, Chris-
tion Endeavor fashion. A good subject for the even-
ing might be, " Missions and the Young," with such
subdivisions as these : " What Christian Endeavor is
doing for missions." " Christian Endeavor in mis-
sionary lands." " The condition of children under
heathen rule." " Young men who have made great
missionaries." " Young women who have made
great missionaries." " The young people in the native
A Question-Box Meeting would be as successful in a
mass meeting as it is in the individual society, only, if
you try it for a mass meeting, you must be certain to
provide a sufficient supply of questions against the
possibility that the audience may not choose to ask
questions themselves. Get at least three well informed
persons, who are good speakers and missionary enthu-
siasts, to answer the questions. Let one take one-
third, and answer them. Then have music, and pass
MISSIONARY MASS MEETINGS. 121
on to the next third. Then have a series of sentence
prayers by the Endeavorers, another song, and the
third set of queries.
An Education Meeting. — This meeting will deal with
the importance of missionary information, and the
delights of missionary reading. It will present some
of the most fascinating missionary books, and will
seek to start in many different centres some systematic
plan of missionary study. Here is a possible pro-
gramme: " Outline of a simple missionary biography."
" Some fascinating bits from missionary lives."
"Why read missionary periodicals?" "A broadside
of specimen missionary facts." This broadside is a
collection of the most interesting of missionary facts
and anecdotes, given in swift succession by a dozen
young people, "A plan for missionary study applica-
ble to any church or society."
The Stereopticon is always a good medium for mis-
sionary information. Missionaries on furlough are
coming more and more to use it in their addresses.
If a union cannot find a missianary so provided, it
may purchase or make a set of slides, and g-et a mis-
sionary' to base upon them a delightful talk,
A Day's Programme. — Several marvellous cam-
paigns for the arousing of missionary enthusiasm have
been conducted by the Christian Endeavorers of a
number of States, and the plan that works best is in
its essentials this : The pastors all preach missionary
sermons in the morning, referring to the combing meet-
ing. In the afternoon there is held in a central place
a conference of all the missionary workers in townv
young and old. The various plans proposed in the
122 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
chapter on missionary conferences may here be used.
In the evening comes the mass meeting, in which all
the churches unite.
MISSIONARY CONFERENCES. 123
A Most Useful Method. — The missionary confer-
ence, though a local union method of work, is of such
importance as to warrant a chapter by itself. These _
committee conferences illustrate one of the chief ad-
vantages of our interdenominational system. They
focus upon each society the enthusiasm and practical
discoveries of all societies in the city or town. The
missionary conference is made up of all the mission-
ary societies in the union, or, if the union is too large
for that, then of all societies in a certain district of
the city. In order to give the zest of difficulty, ad-
mission to the conference should be by ticket only,
and each committeeman should be given a few
tickets to hand to his friends who might like to be
present. We must be training material for the mis-
sionary committees in the future.
The Best Time for the conference is in the fall, at
the opening of a new season of work. If a second
conference is held during the year, let it be in the
spring, to gather up the methods that have proved
A Roll-Call of the societies may well stand at the
opening of the conference. This will stimulate attend-
ance, especially if the result is reported at the next
union meeting. Do not have it a mere formal roll-
call, but after the chairman of each committee has
124 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
told how many members of his committee are present,
have him give one plan for a missionary meeting on
China, for instance, varying the subject of this sym-
posium with each meeting.
The Programme of the conference is prepared by
the union missionary committee, or, if you have no
such committee, then by the union committee that
has charge of the conferences in general. It should
always contain two factors : papers or addresses care-
fully thought out beforehand, and informal discussions
The Topics to be Treated are at least as numerous
as the paragraphs of this book. Here are only a ievu
of the most important themes which may be dis-
cussed, first in formal essays and then in brisk
question and answer: "How to present missionary
statistics in the most attractive way." " How to get
the Endeavorers to read missionary books." " How
to increase the circulation of missionary periodicals."
" The best way of presenting missionary biographies in
our meetings." " Utilizing letters from missionaries."
" Do we give liberally enough ? How can we increase
the per cent of our giving. ? " " What is the best mis-
sionary meeting you have held in your society ? " Let
it be understood that every member of the conference
is expected to come with something to say on every
topic. Announce the subjects in the invitations to
the conference.. In appointing the speakers that are
to lead off in the discussion, subdivide the topics as
much as possible, so as to give as many as you can
some definite work to do, and thus make sure of their
MISSIONARY CONFERENCES. I 25
An Exhibit should be made at the missionary con-
ference of all new matter for illustrating missionary
meetings that may have been added to the missionary
museum of the union, or, if you have no such institu-
tion, let each society bring whatever objects have
contributed to the interest of its recent missionary
meetings — any bright diagram or chart, or object
from a missionary land. It would be a good plan to
have read before the conference the best short paper
presented anywhere at a recent missionary meeting,
if you can get hold of it.
The Conversational Spirit must be gained for the
conference, if you want it to be successful. Let the
leader set the example by boldly interrupting any
speaker or essayist with questions as they occur to
him. A missionary question-box or answer-box will
add to this feeling of informality. Make the mission-
ary conference in reality what it is in theory, an earnest,
friendly talk among the faithful servants of the King
on the absorbing question of how they can best ad-
vance the King's business.
126 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
MISSIONS IN CONVENTIONS.
A Missionary Address of some kind should be part
of practically every religious gathering of Christian
Endeavorers. This is our one great theme, as it is the
one great theme of the church of which the society is
a constituent part. Assign the best speakers to this
topic. Give them the best place on the programme.
See that the wording of their subjects is bright and
The Missionaries Themselves should be heard from,
if any are present. Conventions that are favored
with the attendance of many of these Christian heroes
should set apart a special time for introducing them
to the audience. Each will be received with rising
and a salute, and then, if there is time, will speak
briefly. "Why I became a missionary," would be an
inspiring symposium in which not only the mission-
aries might take part but also whatever Student Vol-
unteers are present.
A Model Missionary Meeting would form an attrac-
tive portion of the programme. Let it be given by
the society in the convention's constituency that gets
up the most wide-awake missionary meetings. A
stereopticon lecture on missions, and a missionary ex-
ercise by the Juniors, may be obtained. An hour
may be given up to a memorial meeting for the great
MISSIONS IN CONVENTIONS. 12/
missionaries of all denominations that have died dar-
ing the year, the work of each to be reviewed b}''
some one in especial sympathy with it. Many ideas
described in the chapters on. missionary meetings,
mass meetings, and union missionary work, may be
applied also to State conventions.
Open Parliaments on missions will arouse mission-
ary zeal as few other exercises, if they are led with
force and discretion. The speaker should devote
himself not to showing off, but to drawing out. He
should propound question after question, such as:
" What was your best missionary meeting? " " How
do you increase the gifts of your members? " " Why
do you believe in missions?" "What systematic
studying for missions does your society do ? " " How
do you keep before the society the work of the
boards?" He will call for votes: "How many of
you belong to societies that have missionary commit-
tees? that have regular missionary meetings? four
times a year? six times? eight times? How many of
you have read ten missionary books ? How many
subscribe to a missionary magazine? How many of
you believe in paying to the Lord's work at least a
tenth of your income? How many of you belong to
societies that contribute enough to their denomina-
tional boards for the support of a single missionary?''
A special conference of missionary committees held
later in the convention will carry on with greater ful-
ness the discussions suggested by this open par-
Objections to Missions may be presented concisely
by one speaker (who will be. of course, a strong
128 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
friend of missions) and then answered by another
speaker. The most effective way of giving this is
in a dialogue, the first speaker bringing forward an
objection which is .immediately answered by the
A Missionary Table should be a feature of every
convention, and if the convention is large, it may be-
come a missionary room, where may be displayed a
sample missionary museum, together with specimen
numbers of all the denominational and general mis-
sionary papers and magazines. Subscriptions should
be received for them. All kinds of devices for add-
ing to the interest of missionary meetings should be
Blanks May Be Circulated for the signature of the
Endeavorers, that the advice of the speakers may be-
come fixed in their purposes. One of these blanks
should be an application for membership in the Tenth
Legion. These blanks are to be obtained, free, from
Secretary John Willis Baer, Tremont Temple, Bos-
ton. The other blank should be what has come to be
known as a "policy blank." It is a printed form,
varying according to the local needs, and is an agree-
ment on the part of the Endeavorers to hold their so-
cieties as far as possible to a certain high standard of
missionary work, such as six missionary meetings a
year, a certain per cent of missionary giving, mission-
ary study classes, missionary libraries, and the like.
A Roll of Honor is a useful method of exciting in-
terest in missions. Upon it are placed the names of
all societies that have given during the year at least
ten dollars to their denominational missionary work.
MISSIONS IN CONVENTIONS. 1 29
There will be many feet of this missionary roll, and
as it is unrolled by an ardent speaker and draped
around the room, a scene of enthusiasm is sure to
130 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
This chapter is intended to contain a number of
missionary methods, well worth describing, that seem
to have no suitable place in any preceding chapter.
The Missionary Information Committee, like the ordi-
nary ''information committee" of any Christian En-
deavor society, will report at the opening of every
meeting. Its report will consist of brief, "catchy"
items of recent missionary news. The report may be
given by a single member of the committee, or by all
the members, each of them contributing an item in
The Use of Tracts is commended to our societies as
a sure method of reaching many souls. Of course the
tracts should be wisely chosen, should be absolutely
free from cant, manly and sincere in their tone.
Some Endeavorers put them to double use by print-
ing the church notices on the back, then distributing
them as invitations from house to house.
A Society Bookcase for holding the missionary li-
brary may be made to do double duty. It can be
arranged with a desk on which the society secretary
may write, and with compartments in which may be
kept pledge cards, topic cards, and the records.
The Christian Endeavor Day Offerings should always
be for the cause of denominational missions. No
MISSIONARY SPL'RS. I3I
Other cause is so appropriate to the day. Advertise
the matter well beforehand. Urge the gift as a thank
offering for the blessings of Christian Endeavor. Set
apart the week before Christian Endeavor Day as a
special week of self-denial, in order that the gifts may
be worthy of the society and of the cause. Divide
the sum received equally between your home and
foreign missionary boards, and when the money is
sent in say that it is the Christian Endeavor Day
offering of your society.
Essays on Missionary Subjects may be called for at^
the beginning of the year, the subjects to require some
considerable study and the papers to be of some length
and importance. Get the pastt>r or some prominent
member of the church to offer a prize for the best
essay, choose a representative committee to act as
judges, and appoint an evening when all the essays
may be read and a decision rendered.
Visits to City Missions may be made regularly by
members of the society who will be sent out two by
two for this purpose. Such visits, of course, will not
take the place of visits by the society in a body, but
will be more frequent. At the next meeting each pair
of delegates will report what they have seen and
heard. As all missions will be visited in turn, this
will be quite an education in mission work, both for
those that go and for those that stay.
A Missionary Week. — This will not be impossible
if you have worked up well the missionary zeal of the
young people. Gain the co-operation of all other
missionary organizations in the church. Arrange for
an exhibition of whatever missionary material you
132 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
may have — curios, diagrams, and the like. In the
evenings hold meetings, considering each evening
some one phase of the multiform subject.
A Hectograph will be the missionary committee's
right hand man. Home-made hectographs do good
work, or, you can buy one at slight cost. The hecto-
graph can be used for copying programmes, for ad-
vertising purposes, for making duplicate maps, charts,
copies of missionary exercises, and for divers other
Missionary Note-Books may be bought and given to
every Endeavorer with the request that they be car-
ried in the pocket, and that a watch be kept for what-
ever facts and interesting anecdotes may be found
relating to missions. They may also be used to record
thoughts on missionary topics, Bible verses*relating to
missions, and many other matters useful in missionary
meetings. They may serve also as account books for
Missionary Circles. — This is an easy and effective
mode of keeping up the interest in missions. Divide
the society into groups, each with a chairman, and as-
sign each group to some country. Expect a report
from each group once every three weeks. These
reports will contain only two or three brief
items, so that several reports can be read in five
Papers for Missionaries. — In their isolated posts the
missionaries find the weekly visits of a religious paper
a comfort and assistance such as we can hardly
imagine. No gift of the same cost is equal in real
value for the missionary to the gift of a religious
MISSIONARY SPURS. 133
journal. All papers make special reductions in price
when the subscription is for this purpose.
Gift Boxes. — Of course our societies know about
missionary '"barrels," and have packed, or helped to
pack, many of them. Without this practical aid the
missionary cause would now be far less advanced than
it is. But how many hav^e sent out missionary gift
boxes ? These are to contain not so much what is
needed as what will be enjoyed — little articles of
luxury such as a missionary cannot afford. Toys for
the children will go into these boxes, "patterns" of
prett>^ dresses, books of poems and stories, and — to
express the idea in a single word — candy !
The Missionary Bible. — The missionary committee
will do much toward training the societ}^ in the mis-
sionary spirit if they can persuade the members to
commit to memory Bible verses bearing on missions.
Select a number — say twelve — and give the list to
all the members, with the request that the verses be
committed to memory before the next missionary
meeting. At that meeting ask all to rise that can
recite them, and then choose some one to prove it!
Ask the Missionary Boards what work they have for
you to do. Most missionary boards now recognize
the young people's societies as valuable aids. Some
have special secretaries for young people's work.
Almost all of them get out leaflets of information
intended for young people. If you write directly to
headquarters, you wall cheer them there and you will
get the best of guidance.
The Week of Prayer was originally established as a
world-wide concert of prayer for missions. It has not
134 THE MISSIONARY MANUAL.
departed so far from its first purpose that it will not
be appropriate for our missionary committees to make
special effort to win the young people's interest in it.
Get them to attend in a body and to add to the meet-
ing the enthusiasm of a Christian Endeavor gathering,
speaking promptly when opportunity is given for tes-
timony or prayer.
A Win-One Band is a simple " wheel within a wheel,"
and the possibilities for good are so great that all mis-
sionary committees would do well to consider establish-
ing one in their society. The band consists of those
that agree, God helping them, to win one soul to
Christ during the year.
FUEL FOR MISSIONARY FIRES.
By BELLE M. BRAIN.
'^ Where no wood is, there the fire goeth out.'*
This is a cloth-bound book packed full of practical
plans for Missionary Committees. By following the
suggested plans or programmes given in this book,
your missionary meetings will be the brightest that
you ever held. The best book of this nature ever
published, Every thing tried and proved. Try it!
Price, 35 cents.
" The book is bright, pithy, sententious throughout. The com-
mittee work is not done for you, but novel programmes and plans
vivaciously tell you how to do it. There is a great variety. The book
merits unstinted praise." — The Standard.
"The practical missionary worker, whatever her position and duties,
may well exclaim, ' Eureka ! ' when she realizes what is in this little book.
It contains not only so-called ' fuel,' but ' kindlings ' ; for its hints and
suggestions are so fine and easily utilized that the least spark of mis-
sionary enthusiasm must serve to ignite them." — Heathen Woma?i's
"*rhis little book should be in the hands of the missionary committee
of every young people's society. It is just what is needed to guide
them in conducting missionary meetings and ways of working." —
Canada (M. E .) Review.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR,
Tremont Temple, Boston. 155 La Salle St., Chicago.
THE CONQUEST MISSIONARY LIBRARY.
TEN VOLUMES FOR $5.00.
This library contains ten of the latest and best missionary books that
are published. The boolis are exceptionally well illustrated, there being
about loo full-page illustrations, besides numerous smaller ones. The
books are uniform in size and binding. The library may be secured
from either our Boston or Chicago office. The price is only $5.00. It
is by far the best library for the price that has ever been published.
The ten books in the library are as follows : —
Chinese Characteristics. With 16 full-page illustrations and index.
By Rev. A. H. Smith, D.D,, for 22 years a missionary in China. 6th
thousand. Price, Ji. 25.
" The best book on the Chinese people." — The Examiner.
" A completely trustworthy study. ' — T/te Advance.
The Gist of Japan. The Islands, their People and Missions. By
Rev. R. H. Peery, A.M., Ph.D., of the Lutheran Mission, Saga.
Illustrated. Price, $1.25.
Interesting, reliable, and instructive.
From Far Formosa. The Island, its People and Missions. By
Rev. C. L. MacKay, D.D., for 23 years a Missionary on the island.
Edited by Rev. J. A. MacDonald. With 4 Maps, 16 Illustrations, and
an Index. 5th thousand. Price, Ji. 25,
" Undoubtedly the man who knows most about Formosa." —/"A*
Review of Reviews.
Our Sisters in India. By Rev. E. Storrow. Illustrated. i2mo,
Mr. Storrow, the veteran Indian missionary, brings together in this
volume a great mass of information about the degradation and
the sufferings of Indian women.
In Afric'S Forest and Jungle. By Rev. R. H. Stone. Illustrated.
i2mo, cloth, $1.00.
It is an unusually bright series of sketches by a missionary who
resided for several years in a large native village in West Africa.
THE CONQUEST niSSIONARY LIBRARY.
The Transformation of Hawaii: How American Missionaries gave
a Christian Nation to the World. Told for Young People by Belle M
Brain, author of " Fuel for Missionary Fires." izmo, cloth, illustrated,
Fellow Travelers. Impressions of Men, Things, and Events.
By Rev. Francis E. Clark. Illustrated from photographs. Price, $1.25.
" This fascinating record of his toils and observations in Europe,
India, and Africa is a real contribution to an appreciative knowl-
edge of peoples, and hence is a powerful preacher of peace and
good will among m&n.''— John Henry Baj-roii's.
Nineteen Centuries of Missions. By Mrs. Wm. W. Scudder.
This is a complete text book and history of missions from the time
of the Apostolic Church to the present day. It is just what young
people interested in missions have long been looking for.
On the Indian Trail, and Other Stories of Missionary Work among
the Cree and Saulteaux Indians. By Egerton R. Young. Illustrated
by J. E. Laughlin. izmo, cloth, %\.oz.
Mr. Young is well-known to readers of all ages as the author of
"By Canoe and Dog Train," " Tliiee Boys in the Wild North
Land," and other very popular books describing life and adventure
in the great Northwest. The stories in this new hook tell of some
very exciting incidents in his career, and describe phases of life
amgng the American Indians which are fast becoming tilings of the
Korean Sketches. By Rev. James S. Gale. A Missionary's Ob-
servations in the Hermit Nation. Fully illustrated. i2mo, cloth, $1.00.
" He writes easily and picturesquely of the peoples and their cus-
toms ; of exciting and amusing travel adventures ; and of the possi-
bilities of manufactures, commerce, agiiculture, education, and
religion in Korea. His book is thoroughly readable. .4s a clear
presentation of native life it is the best extant book on Korea."
Remember, Ten Volumes for $5.00.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR,
Tremont Temple, Boston. 155 La Salle St., Chicago.
Student Missionary Campaign Library*
16 Volumes for $10.00.
This library contains sixteen of the most recent
missionary books. They are all of acknowledged
worth. The set cannot be broken. It is shipped
from Chicago only, and at purchaser's expense. Price,
only $10.00. The sixteen volumes are as follows : —
1. Missionary Expansion Since the Reformation. By Rev. J.
A. Qraham, M.A. Price, $1.25.
2. A Mexican Ranch. By Mrs. Janie Prichard Duggan. Price,
3. The Growth of the Kingdom of God. By Rev. Sidney
L. Gulick. Price, ^1.50.
4. Light in the East. By Bishop Thoburn. Price, 85 cents.
5. The Chinese Slave Girl. A story of woman's life in China.
By Rev. J. A. Davis. Price, 75 cents.
6. The Official Report of the Third International Convention
of the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, Cleve-
land, 1898. Price, 1.50.
7. TheStory of JohnG. Paton. Told for young folks. Price, $1.50.
8. Persian Life and Customs. By Rev. Samuel G. Wilson, M.A.
9. In the Tiger Jungle. By Rev. Jacob Chamberlain, M.D.
10. The Personal Life of David Livingstone. By W. Garden
Blaikie, D. D. Price, #1.50.
11. The Life of John Kenneth Mackenzie. By Mrs. Mary F.
Bryson. Price, 1.50.
12. James Gilmour, of Mongolia. By Richard Lovett, M.A.
13. Nemorama, TheNautchnee. By Rev. Edwin MacMinn. Price,
14. The Story of the Life of Mackay , of Uganda. By his sister.
15. Oowikapun. By Egerton Ryerson Young. Price, jFi. 00.
r6. HuYongMi. Autobiography of Hii Yong Mi. Price, $1.00.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR,
Tremont Temple, Boston. 155 La Salle St., Chicago.
LEAFLETS FOR MISSIONARY COMMIHEES.
We publish a number of leaflets for Missionary
Committees, among which are the following: —
A Live Missionary Committee. Its object, organization, and
practical methods of work. By Frances B. Patterson. Price, three
cents each; §2.00 per hundred.
The Missionary Committee at Work. By W. Henry Grant.
Giving suggestions for meetings, subjects, and programmes. Price,
thr^e cents each; S2.00 per hundred.
Work for the Missionary Committee. By Rev. Francis E. Clark.
Price, two cents each ; $1.00 per hundred.
Suggestions for the Missionary Committee. Neatly printed
cards. Price, three cents each; set of five, ten cents.
A Missionary's Visit. A dialogue. By Mrs. J. L. Hill. Price,
three cents each; $2.00 per hundred.
Christian Endeavor and Missions. By V. F. P. Price, three cents
each; ;?i.5o per hundred.
Maps and Money. By V. F. P. Price, three cents each; $2.00 per
Money and the Kingdom. By Rev. Josiah Strong, D. D. This is
Chapter 15 of " Our Country," and is of especial interest to all tithe-
givers. Price, two cents each; $1.60 per hundred.
The Missionary Prayer Circle. Prepared by the Yale Missionary
Band. .Subjects for prayer in young people's societies and in private
devotions, covering a period of twenty-six weeks. Price, five cents a
Missionary Reading Circle Slips. Pledges to be used in securing
readers of missionary books. Twenty cents per hundred.
The Pocketbook-Opener. By Rev. J. F. Cowan, D. D. Interest-
ing and profitable, as illustrating the different principles of giving.
This is printed in imitation of an alligator leather pocketbook. Fifty
cents per hundred.
Missionary Committee Report Blanks. The book contains a
sufHcient number of blank reports to last two years. Price, including
postage, twenty-nine cents.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR, '
Tremont Temple Boston. 155 La Salle St.. Chicag<>.
EVENINGS WITH MISSIONS.
There is no excuse for a dull missionary meeting, if the missionary
committee will use the material given in our several missionary book-
lets and exercises. Our series of " Evenings with Missions" covers
the whole field of home missions and several foreign fields. Each
booklet contains all the information necessary for a most interesting
and instructive meeting, together with a complete suggested pro-
Price, 10 cents each.
No. I. Mexico. Justly called " the land of flowers," and our next-
door neighbor ; yet how little we know about it 1
No. 2. The Indians. Two hundred and fifty thousand in the United
States who have been driven from their old hunting-grounds.
What are we doing for them ?
No. 3. A Trip to Alaska. While the interest in Alaska gold is so
intense, what more interesting subject for a missionary meeting
tlian tliis ?
No. 4. The Freed People. Freed in name, but imprisoned in ignor
ance. Learn wliat is being done for them.
No. 5. The Chinese in America. Is it right to sing —
" Peace on earth, good will " — if you please —
" To all nations and peoples " — except the Chinese ?
No. 6. Immigration and Evangelization of the Great West. A
very instructive and interesting exercise descriptive of the emigrant
from his landing at Castle Garden to his settlement in the Great
No. 7. Romanism in America. Contrasting the Roman Catholic
restrictive policy with the American spirit of independence and
No. 8. The Mormons. Do you really know much about this cancer
which is at tlie very heart of our civilization ?
No. 9. General Survey of the Home Field. A very instructive
evening may be spent with this subject, showing the providence
of God in the settlement of our country.
No. 10. India. ) These subjects are always interesting. The leaflets
No. II. Africa. / give plenty of material for most excellent pro-
No. 12. China. ) grammes. They describe the manners and customs
of the people, the honors of heathenism, and the splendid work
of our devoted missionaries.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR,
TuBMONT Temple, Boston. 155 La Salle St., ChicXoo.
These exercises are very complete, and are com-
piled especially to awaken interest in the foreign field.
They contain the entire programme, including hymns
and Scripture readings. A separate sheet comes with
Numbers 3, 4, 5, and 6 for the exclusive use of leader
No. I. A War Meeting.
No. 2. The Whole Wide World for Jesus.
No. 3. Lessons from the Lives of Great Missionaries.
No. 4. Saved to Serve.
No. 5. The Church and World-Wide Missions.
No. 6. The Ultimate Triumph of World-Wide Missions.
Price, sample copy complete, 5 cents; twenty-five
copies, 50"^ cents ; fifty copies, 75 cents ; one hundred
copies, $1.50. Two copies of speaker's part free with
each quantity order.
Portfolio of Missionary Programmes. By S. L. Mer-
shon. This booklet contains twenty complete pro-
grammes for missionary meetings, together with sug-
gested thoughts on how to have the most interesting
meetings. Price. 10 cents.
MISSIONARY COMMITTEE HELPS,
We also publish a large number of helps for the
Missionary Committee, including leaflets upon the
work of the committee, report-blanks, collection-envel-
opes and boxes, maps, etc.
UNITED SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR,
Trhmont Temple, Boston. 155 La Salle St., Chicago.
Princeton Theological Seminary-Speer
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