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The Missionary Visitor 


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Contents for January^ 1921 



Christian Progress in Korea, By J, H. B. Williams, 4 

After Two Decades— 1900-1920, By D. L. Forney, 7 

What the Language Student Finds to Do Besides Studying the Lan- 
guage, By Verna Blickenstaft, 8 

An Introduction to Experiences on Indian Railways, By Mary Shull, . . 9 

The Forward Movement in India, By H. L. Alley, 10 

Simple Life in India, By Sara G. Replogle, 12 

The Church's Responsibility Toward the Foreign Mission Field, By 

Bertha L. Butterbaugh, 14 

Keeping Abreast With Progress, By A. G. Butterbaugh, 15 

Two Side-Lines to the Study of Gujarati, By Elizabeth Kintner, 16 

A Visit With My Children in the Hills, By Ellen H. Wagoner, ...... 19 

The Missionary as a Man, By Lillian Grisso, 20 

Pleasant Surprises to the New Missionary, By Anna Brumbaugh, 22 

India October Notes, By Anetta C. Mow, 23 

China Notes for October, By Anna M. Hutchison, 23 


An Acquaintance Meeting, By Nettie Brown, 24 

Girls of India, By Anna M. Eby, 25 

" Let's Go Play," By Ella Ebbert, 26 



Volume XXIII 

JANUARY, 1921 

No. 1 


We stand upon the threshold of two years, 

And backward look, and forward strain our eyes ; 
Upon the blotted record fall our tears, 

While, brushing them aside, a sweet surprise 
Breaks like a day dawn upon my upturned face, 
As we remember all thy daily grace. 

Thou hast been good to us ; the burdened past 

Thou hast borne with us, and the future days 
Are in thy hands; we tremble not, but cast 
Our care upon thee, and in prayer and praise 
Prepare to make the coming year the best, 
Because of nobler work and sweeter rest. 


(Note. — We desire to thank the missionaries who ha 
for the splendid material in 

Have you taken a good look at the front 
cover? The children loved her, and our 
memories of her are pleasant, indeed. Mary 
Quinter will live long in the hearts of the 
India people, and the home folks have by 
no means forgotten her. She sailed for 
India in 1903 and gave unstinted service 
until 1914, when she went to meet her 
Master. She left many friends, including 
the ones shown in the picture. The Sisters' 
Aid Society of the church, in memory of 
her, put their shoulders together in an 
effort to build the Quinter Memorial Hos- 
pital at Bulsar, India. A glance at the 
treasurer's books shows that nearly $14,000 
has been given for the building and mainte- 
nance of th e hospital. This is more than the 
original amount they intended to raise. We 
dare not, nor have we a desire to, minimize 
the service the women of the church have 
rendered. At the 1919 Winona Conference 
the sisters pledged to raise a fund of $24,- 
000, half of which is for the Ping Ting 
Hospital in China and the other half for 
the Anklesvar Girls' Boarding School build- 

ve recently gone out to India, as credit is due them 
this special India number.) 

ing. Their first fiscal year shows that they 
have done splendidly. 

Your New Year's resolutions — have you 
made them? Did somebody discourage you 
from so doing because you failed to keep 
all you made last year? We are sorry you 
slipped on some of them, but be not dis- 
couraged. Peter had to make his several 
times, and if our hearts are right our reso- 
lutions will stick by and by, just as firmly 
as his. 

A splendid brother visited our office the 
other day, and as we talked over the work 
of the church he appeared much interested. 
Many things seemed entirely new to him, 
and I wondered that such a good member 
of the church was not better informed as 
to the work that is being done. Then, as 
we talked further, he ventured to give some 
suggestions as to how the work might 
be advanced. I said, " Brother, we are do- 
ing that very thing, and we have been talk- 
ing about it in both the Gospel Messenger 
and the Missionary Visitor." There is 

The Missionary Visitor 



where I made my discovery that, he was not 
a subscriber for either paper. As before 
mentioned, he is a good brother, and be- 
fore he left he had placed his subscription 
for both papers. We believe this would be 
a good New Year's suggestion for you to 
make to your friends in the church. They 
have not wilfully refrained from placing 
their subscriptions, but perhaps have failed 
to see that to be fully abreast with the work 
of the church they should read her publica- 
tions. The Gospel Messenger can be se- 
cured for $2 and the Visitor for $1. The 
latter will be given free to those who have 
contributed $2 or more to the mission work 
under the supervision of the General Mis- 
sion Board. 

As we take note of the cry of suffering 
coming from every corner of the earth we 
are convinced anew that this world is not 
our home, but that there is prepared a much 
better home in the land beyond. We have 
just heard Herbert Hoover speak of the 
three and one half millions of children in 
Europe who will starve if they are not 
fed by some kind hands. We are besieged 
with calls for help from Armenia. Our 
China missionaries have given us the figure 
of 50,000 people in our mission territory, 
who undoubtedly will starve if they do not 
receive food quickly. There is no* help ex- 
cept from us, for other church bodies are 
looking after their own territory and other 
agencies have much territory in which no 
relief is being administered. What shall 
we do with all of these calls? We ought 
to give. If we truly believe that there is a 
better land to which we shall come, we 
certainly will not hang so tight to the 
things of this world, when we know that 
they do not build our bank account over 
there. I believe we should help as many of 
these calls as possible. However, a few facts 
should be noted. In assuming to do mis- 
sionary work in China we have been allot- 
ted a certain territory, in which no other 
denomination aims to do work. We are re- 
sponsible for the spiritual life of the Chi- 
nese in this part of Shansi Province, and 
we ought to assume the responsibility of 
their physical life in this time of crisis. 
Again, we can administer relief economical- 
ly, because our missionary force, already 

on the ground, thoroughly understands 
these people and the methods of best help- 
ing them. Very little new and expensive 
machinery needs to be set up in order to ad- 
minister relief. And further, we desire to 
bring these people to a knowledge of 
Christ. Our giving unselfishly of means 
to buy food for them is a practical demon- 
stration of the religion that we inherit 
through Jesus Christ, and they cannot but 
notice and appreciate this splendid Jesus 
religion. Much of the success of the India 
mission is to be traced to the relief work 
done during their famine times. Our peo- 
ple gave exceptionally well for relief in 
Armenia, but for lack of a missionary or- 
ganization already on the ground we were 
We do not pretend to say where you shall 
give your gifts, but we trust you will see 
the advantage of giving to China. 

The China Share Plan has been started, 
and because of famine conditions is espe- 
cially worthy of our attention. Many chil- 
dren have been taken into the boarding- 
schools, that they might be fed, and also 
that they may be taught. By the Share 
Plan those who desire to help the work of 
these schools subscribe for a Share of Sup- 
port. They will receive a nicely-printed 
certificate, suitable for framing, and in ad- 
dition they will receive letters of infor- 
mation from the school, so they can keep in 
touch with the work. Shares are issued 
in denominations of $25, $50, $75, and $100. 
This is a splendid plan for the younger 
classes, especially. By this method the 
children will receive necessary food to keep 
them from starving, and also will learn the 
Jesus lessons. Shares are also issued from 
India. The General Mission Board, Elgin. 
111., will be glad to give you any informa- 
tion concerning this method of support. 

A letter received from Brother and Sister 
J. M. Blough written at Hong Kong says 
that they arrived at that port Novem- 
ber 16 on their journey to India. They 
were pleased to find that reservations had 
been made for them to continue their jour- 
ney the next day on the S. S. Dilwara which 
was to sail direct for Bombay. During the 
war and up to the present time it has been 
advisable to send the India missionaries 



The Missionary Visitor 

via the Pacific but it is necessary to change 
boats at Hong Kong. It has been our prac- 
tice to ask for reservations on the first 
connecting boat sailing after the arrival of 
the one carrying our missionaries to this 

I write this just as we have adjourned 
from the December meeting of the General 
Mission Board. The business requiring at- 
tention was very plentiful and some of it 
we felt was not easy. We were glad for 
both the amount and the character of the 
work. Glad for the former because it in- 
dicates growth in the work of missions, and 
for the latter, for big problems help us to 
grow. We missed the good fellowship and 
helpful advice which we usually enjoy from 
D. L. Miller, Advisory Member of the 
Board. Two other chairs usually occupied 
by J. J. Yoder, member of the Board, and 
J. H. B. Williams, Secretary, were vacant 
and their usual helpful contribution to the 
work of the Board was missed. The pres- 
ence of several missionaries and those who 
are prospective was appreciated. 

An important question of the meeting was 
the consideration of the General Mission 
Board budget for the 1921 financial cam- 
paign. Previously the total amount had 
been fixed at $500,000. After very careful 
thought the Board felt that because of the 
financial situation of the country the raising 
of so large a budget would be considered a 

burden by many. Further than this ex- 
change has grown much more favorable 
than it has been during this past and pre- 
ceding war years. The high rate of ex- 
change has cost many thousands of dollars 
and we certainly appreciate a return to nor- 
mal again. Because of these and other 
considerations the Board felt best to reduce 
the budget, making it $400,000 for 1921. 
This figure will of course be added to by 
the other Boards and Committees of the 
church and will be finally fixed in January 
by the Executive Committee of the For- 
ward Movement. We thought it was fixed 
before this but the changing situations in 
the world, especially that of finance, ne- 
cessitated changes. 

It should be borne in mind that this re- 
duction in the budget is not because of 
reduced needs on the fields, for as our mis- 
sion work abroad expands our needs must 
ever grow larger. The $450 annual support 
the missionaries are now receiving cares for 
only a small part of their expense on the 
field. First they must have passage across 
the ocean, which is quite expensive now. 
They must have houses in which they may 
live. Then there must be school buildings 
and churches and the natives who are em- 
ployed and directed by the missionaries 
must receive support also and many other 
expenses are entailed which are too numer- 
ous to mention in this editorial. 

The China Famine Situation 

It is located in North China and fiv e provinces are especially mentioned as 
destitute. The Shansi Province in which the Church of the Brethren is located 
is very destitute. Our mission is working only in this province and most of 
their efforts are confined to the fifth township of Ping Ting County. They 
pledged to care for 11 out of 40 villages. They meant to do this with the $25,000 
which they hoped the home church would raise. We are exceedingly glad to 
say that the Home Church has doubled what they have asked of us and we have 
now received $50,000. This will enable them to care for many other villages, 
but still the forty will not be kept from starvation. The Famine Fund is still 
open and we pray that your gifts will not cease. Brother Williams was touched 
when he first saw the famine situation and he sent word that $50 should be 
taken from his account and paid to this fund. Now as he sees the suffering 
increasing he sends word that we should give another $50 from his account. 
The fact that most of th e missionaries at home on furlough have given more* 
than they could seemingly afford indicates that the need is genuine and unsup- 
plied. Send all money to the Brethren General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 



The Missionary Visitor 



Christian Progress in Korea 

xLetter No. 5 

Dear Spenser: 

In my last letter to you I think that I 
promised to write something concerning the 
Sunday-school Convention in Tokyo. But 
since our visit in Korea I believe that 
you would be much more interested in the 
progress of Christianity in Korea. After 
reading for years of the Christian work in 
what was once known as the Hermit King- 
dom, the trip proved to be exceedingly 
profitable and interesting. 

Upon entering this land one is impressed 
with the people who throng the railway 
platforms and board the trains. They are 
larger than the Chinese, and their general 
bearing and countenance give one the im- 
pression of intelligence. Their dress is 
modest and has its peculiarities. The wom- 
en wear very full white skirts, starched to 
make them stand out prominently, while 
their waists are short and tight fitting. 
The girls wear various bright colors, the 
waist and skirt being of different hues. The 
men and boys wear full, baggy trousers 
with a short jacket. Over this is a long, 
flowing, ulsterlike thin garment. The en- 
tire outfit is white. Then for the man there 
is a sort of skull cap, and on top of this 
and held in position by a string under the 
chin is his stiff-crowned and straight- 
brimmed hat, which in size would fit a real 
large doll. Attired in such a costume, with 
his ulster stiffly starched, with his spouse 
dressed in snowy white, in her broad- 
gauged skirt, the Korean husband and wife 
present quite an imposing sight as they 
travel down the road. 

This is off the subject, but it gives you 
the impression, I hope, that the Korean is 
a most modestly-dressed individual. 

Christianity entered Korea in 1884, when 
Dr. Horace Allen of the Northern Presby- 
terian Church, arrived from Shanghai. He 
came at a most auspicious time, for in less 
than three months after his arrival a promi- 
nent prince was wounded by an assassin 
and Dr. Allen was able to save his life. 
This immediately made him popular. He 
was given a building for a hospital and was 
conducting a clinic of a hundred patients a 

day by April, 1885, when a fellow-mission- ' 
ary, Dr. Underwood, arrived. In 1886, 
while a government schoolteacher guarded 
the door, Dr. Underwood baptized the first 
seven converts. In extent, this mission in 
and about Seoul now comprises 114 
churches and groups of Christians. 

By May, 1891, the Presbyterian mission- 
aries had preached the Gospel in every 
province of Korea. Stations were opened 
at Fusan, Taiku, Pyeng Yang, Syen Chun 
and other places in rapid succession. In 
the history of this mission it was five years 
before the number of communicants num- 
bered 100, and five years more before it 
passed the 200 mark. But four years later 
it was 2,000, and in eleven more years over 
10,000. The present number, exceeding 
50,000 communicants, is an average of four 
a day for every day since Dr. Underwood 
came to Korea, thirty-five years ago. 

The Southern Presbyterian Mission was 
established in' 1892, and having settled in 
their assigned territory a network of 
churches and cottage meetings gradually 
spread over their field. The missionaries 
traveled all through their territory tell- 
ing the good news. That this was joyful- 
ly received is apparent from the fact that 
the native church of this mission now num- 
bers over seven thousand baptized com- 
municants, and the Christian constituency 
is fully twice that' number. 

In a little hamlet called Sorai, on the 
Yellow Sea, a strong, brave man twenty- 
five years ago laid down his life as an 
apostle to the Koreans. He wore the 
Korean dress, ate their food, taught them 
and gave them the Word of God. From 
the death of this man, William McKenzie, 
was born the Canadian Presbyterian Mis- 
sion in this land. The missionaries who 
have followed have lived the Christ life, as 
is evidenced by the fact that their native 
believers now number 14,000. 

The Southern Methodist Miss : on came 
to this country in answer to a Macedonian 
call. A young Korean of unusual ability 
and noble birth embraced Christianity while 
a political exile in China. Five main sta- 


The Missionary Visitor 

tions have been opened, and with them 
many out-stations, with their own pastors 
and schools. 

The Northern Methodist Mission was 
opened in 1885. William B. Scranton and 
H. G. Appenzeller began the work in Seoul. 
While the latter was studying the language 
he opened a school for boys, in which the 
emperor became interested. Mrs. Scranton 
founded the first girls' school ever opened 
in the empire. By 1897 this school num- 
bered forty-three girls. This 
mission has grown very rapidly 
until, in 1919, there were 472 
churchhouses, and many other 
groups of Christians, besides 
those accommodated in these 

Other boards have missions 
in this land, but I have simply 
given these examples to show 
something of the way the Gos- 
pel has produced fruit in Korea. 
The whole story reads like the 
progress of the Christian faith 
in the early centuries. 

The largest theological semi- 
nary in the world is located at 
Pyeng Yan. In one year as 
many as 50,000 days' preaching 
were subscribed by native 
Christians. Four-fifths of the 
churches in Korea pay all of 
their own bills. The native 
church supports 284 ordained 
Korean pastors. Each year 
47,086 men and 49,999 women 
leave their homes and journey 
to the mission • centers for 
special courses of study in Bible 
schools or institutes. The data 
for this paragraph are gleaned 
from the 1920 Korean Hand- 
book of Missions. 

If we should stop to inquire why there 
has been such a rapid growth in the mission 
work in Korea, as compared with that in 
India, China and Japan, where the Word 
has been preached for a much longer period, 
doubtless many reasons would be set forth. 
There are a few I would like to notice, 

largely because of their bearing upon mis- 
sionary progress in general. 

We must take into consideration the 
Korean mind and heart. Compared with 
the Japanese or the Chinese his nature is a 
bit more frank and open. He is easily ap- 
proached, like the Chinese, is witty, altruis- 
tic and more, willing to make a sacrifice for 
the general good. 

The fact that Korea has no deep-rooted 
religion which must be replaced by Chris- 

If Our American Girls Try to Imitate These Koreans in Carry- 
ing Baskets They Had Better Not Fill Them With Eggs 

tianity also plays an important part. While 
Buddhism, the religion of Japan, and Con- 
fusianism, a religion of China, have made 
some progress in the past, one sees very 
few temples that have belonged to the 
Koreans. In large parts of the country I 
am told the missionaries found no idols 

Editor's Note. — Brother Williams, Secretary of the General Mission Board, is making a tour through 
our foreign mission territories. We will try and insert a letter each issue while he is away. 

The Missionary Visitor 


when they came. Spiritually the country 
is more like an open prairie, though of 
course there is on the part of many much 
opposition to the Gospel. One must re- 
member that this likewise exists in the 

The church in Korea is largely what it is 
because of three very important principles 
which have been generally adhered to; viz., 
self-propagation, self-support, self-gov- 
ernment. I will give an explanation of 
these as found in the Korean Handbook 
in connection with the report of the North- 
ern Presbyterian Mission. 

Self-Propagating. The Korean church in 
one way or another has persistently 
preached to non-believers. In one year as 
many as 40,000 days of preaching have 
been subscribed. Every church of any size 
has its missionary society and every pres- 
bytery has its Home Mission Board. Every 
church, every district, every station center 
has its yearly Bible class, four to ten days 
in length. As many as 2,000 have been in 
attendance in one of these ten days' classes, 
and an attendance of 500 is common. 

Self-Supporting. Nine-tenths of the twelve 
hundred churches and groups pay all of 
their bills. With few exceptions the Ko- 
reans erect their own church buildings and 
pay their own pastors' salaries. They fi- 
nance their own primary schools. Ex- 
clusive of the salaries of missionaries and 
money for mission property, the contri- 
butions of the Korean church are four times 
the amount of the board's grant for evan- 
gelistic, educational and medical work. 

,Self-Governing. Every church has some 
organization by which it conducts its own 
affairs. Each pastor's or local preacher's 
circuit has meetings of representative of- 
ficers to decide all matters. In more than 
two-thirds of the 1,200 churches and groups 
each Sunday, the local church officers do all 
the preaching and teaching. The business 
of the church is conducted entirely inde- 
pendent of any control from America. 

I think that all missionaries recognize 
the necessity for the application of these 
three principles, finally, but in Korea this 
is now being done with marvelous results. 
Foreign money has its place in mission en- 
deavors, but I become more convinced, as 
I see the work in the various missions, that 

there is such a thing as supplying so much 
of the necessary money that it impoverishes 
the spiritual life of a native church, the 
same as the influence of one rich man in 
the homeland, giving the entire support of 
the church, reacts unfavorably on the con- 
tributions of all the rest. 

The last reason that I would advance for 
the growth of the church is the persecution 
that is meted out to the Koreans by the 
Japanese police. While the trouble be- 
tween the peoples is the question of inde- 
pendence, the Korean is unarmed and his 
resistance is in the form of demonstrations. 
The Japanese seem to suspect the Chris- 
tians more than other Koreans and give 
them the crudest treatment of all. Some 
of the finest and most spiritual pastors 
and church leaders are in prison at this mo- 
ment. Men are arrested, thrown into 
prison, beaten, flogged to death in some 
instances — in fact, they are treated with 
an inhumanity of which the world does not 
dream- The stench of such treatment must 
reach to heaven before long. 

Such persecution drives the people to 
Jesus Christ. They have no other place to 
go. Their faith is made strong through 
this persecution. 

With prayers for your work in the office 
and that the home church may be pros- 
pered, I am, 

In love, as ever, 

J. H. B. Williams. 


■ (Continued from Page 14) 

make if each member would do his part in 


Such praying constitutes a more vital 
element in missionary success than is com- 
monly supposed. The faith of the four 
friends who brought the palsied man to 
Christ was one of the essential factors in 
the miracle that followed. "And Jesus, 
seeing their faith, saith unto the sick of the 
palsy, Thy sins are forgiven thee." The 
very largeness of foreign work summons us 
to a mighty confidence in God and prayer. 

The church may well consider the rela- 
tion of spiritual power to mission zeal, 

Dahanu, Thana Dist. 


The Missionary Visitor 

After Two Decades— 1 900- 1 920 

D. L. Forney 

WHILE our mission work in India 
began in the year 1894 and covers 
a period of just a little more than 
twenty-five years, this article will aim to 
draw attention to some contrasts and 
changes that have come about in just the 
last twenty years. 

In this period conditions have changed; 
ideals have changed. While conditions 
have changed, opportunities have enlarged. 
Are we ready to change our methods of 
work to meet the growing needs of the 
time as well as new opportunities as they 
arise ? 

The need for better agricultural methods 
were as painfully evident in the year 1900 
as at the present time. But in the early 
history of our mission work it was thought 
that all missionaries sent to the field must 
be preachers, so only preachers were sent. 
Later it was found that the talent of men 
other than preachers was needed to meet 
the demands made on those who were sent 
out to be "just missionaries." So by 1919 
it was with the hearty approval of Con- 
ference that our A. S. B. Miller was sent 
to the field as a trained and practical agri- 
culturist, a specialist. As a sphere of in- 
fluence his field of activity in Gujerat and 
Western India may, in time, be as effectual 
and far-reaching as that of Sam Higgin- 
bottom in North India. 

In 1900 the need of a special financial 
agent and accountant for the India mission 
was scarcely thought of, since investments 
and disbursements were measured by a few 
thousand dollars. In 1920 a quarter of a 
million must be accounted for, and besides, 
a fluctuating rate of exchange requires the 
close observation of an expert, that every 
dollar contributed shall realize to the full- 
est extent possible the end for which it 
was given. So it is a highly-appreciated 
addition to our missionary force that our 
General Mission Board answered the call 
of India for an accountant and financial 
agent by sending out this year, 1920, Bro. 
L. A. Blickenstaff, cashier of the First 
National Bank of La Verne, Calif., to fill 
that position. 

More Christian business men are needed, 
whose hearts will respond to the " Go," 
" Give," or " Pray" in answer to the world's 
need and the Master's call. In 1920 alone 
the building program, as now planned for 
one year, will exceed the entire program of 
the first decade of the mission work in 
India. Such a program would suggest that 
an expert architect and designer would 
find ample scope for his whole time. There 
was a period in the history of the mission 
when a sentiment prevailed that a cheaper 
type of bungalow and school buildings 
should be erected; but after years of ex- 
perience the plan has proved unsatisfac- 
tory. Buildings with heavy foundations 
and side walls and well finished through- 
out have proved more serviceable, more 
durable and comfortable, and withal less 
expensive in upkeep than the cheaper type 
of building. Furthermore, a strong, sub- 
stantial, well-built structure suggests the 
idea of permanency, the come-to-stay idea 
not found in the poorer type of building. 

The development of the boarding school 
is a step in advance of the orphanage 
school made necessary by the famine and 
orphanage work of 1900. It affords better 
educational advantages, not only for the 
children of the Christian families of the 
community, but the children of other com- 
munities and castes are gathered in and 
educated under directly Christian in- 
fluences. Besides the boarding schools, a 
large number of village schools are under 
the supervision of the missionary force. 

Now the need of normal-trained teach- 
ers for the seventy-eight village schools 
where ninety-five teachers are employed, 
besides the thirteen boarding schools where 
fifty teachers are employed, suggests the 
need of training and normal schools, that 
teachers may have the necessary training 
and that efficient work may be done. Then 
the medical, theological and other fields 
call for still a higher type of training for 
efficient service. Besides these fields of 
activity there are others, such as food and 
hygiene, maternity and child welfare, social 
and economic problems, all of which have 


The Missionary Visitor 


in some measure been influenced for good 
by missionary endeavor and contact. But 
in still more definite ways these fields are 
open for specialists. 

As the medical work of missions affords 
a means of approach to the hearts of the 
people, so should every other line of ac- 
tivity lead to one and the same end, the 
conversion of the heathen. 

The regular lines of missionary en- 
deavor and evangelism should never be re- 
laxed, and from among the people them- 

selves should men and women be educated 
and trained to carry on the work in every 
line and in still more effectual ways. Be- 
cause there are not more trained men and 
women in whom the Spirit of the Master 
reigns, is one reason why there are not 
larger results. Training alone will not 
suffice, but must not be neglected. 

The present year is one pregnant with 
possibilities for our mission field. How 
best shall we meet these opportunities? 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist. 

What the Language Student Finds to Do Besides 
Studying the Language 

Verna Blickenstaff 

TWO years of monotonous language 
study — this is what every new mis- 
sionary is greeted with, and many 
are the times he wishes these years might 
be passed over as a day instead of plodding 
through them a day at a time. Still, one is 
made to realize that these are valuable 
days of preparation; days that have in them 
more than the scheduled language study. 
They are days of development and new dis- 
coveries, for in a country so different from 
his own there are many things to be learned 
from the people besides their language. 

The new missionary cannot work with 
these people whose ways and customs are 
so strange, from his own standpoint of 
view, but he must learn by living among 
them how they think and feel and work ac- 
cordingly. He must study their customs 
not only of the present day but of the past 
also, for in this land where so little prog- 
ress has been made much depends upon 
the past history of the people. 

Some of the new missionaries, while in 
language study, have the privilege of at- 
tending language school at the hills during 
a few of the hottest months of the year. 
Here conferences are planned for the bene- 
fit of the students; topics concerning the 
people of this land and methods of work- 
ing among them are discussed by older mis- 
sionaries and also native Christians. Here 
the missionary also has the opportunity of 
associating and becoming acquainted with 
the missionaries of the different denomi- 
nations, and much can be learned by their 

experiences. For this special purpose all 
classwork is laid aside on Friday evening, 
and Saturday is spent in making trips 
among the mountains and to various places 
of interest and beauty. 

At some of the stations the missionaries 
have the opportunity of hearing lecturers 
who make a special effort to give the mis- 
sionary valuable information concerning 
the people and their customs. The mis- 
sionary while in language study at the dif- 
ferent stations has the opportunity of get- 
ting out among the people, and by mingling 
with them can try out some of the things 
he has learned in class. This is when he 
finds out how much he has yet to learn. 
Not being tied down by any responsible 
position he may make visits to the differ- 
ent stations to learn of the work there, be- 
come acquainted with the other workers 
and their work, and thus broaden his vision. 

There is also time for play. The mind 
functions best when thebody has plenty of 
exercise; therefore some play is necessary. 
If the missionary is fortunate enough to 
be at a station where there is a boarding 
school he will find the children always 
ready for play, and time spent in helping 
them with their play is not only profitable 
to himself, but to them. A few of the sta- 
tions are fortunate enough to have tennis 
courts. All should have, but some do not 
have the necessary space. 

So I think we will come to the conclusion 
that for the language student life is quite 
other than monotonous. Dahanu. 


The Missionary Visitor 

An Introduction to Experiences on Indian 


Mary Shull 

IS everything ready to start to Bulsar? 
If your bedding roll and other luggage 
are ready the boy can take them to the 
station. Be sure you have your mosquito 
nets, and you must not forget your canteens, 
either." We always carry water with us 
when we travel. Although we could get 
it at any station, we do not like to risk the 
unboiled water. 

" We have plenty of time to get to the 
station, for the first bell has not rung. 
When the train is two stations away they 
ring a bell as a signal that it is coming. 
We appreciate this, for the train is often 
late and this gives us opportunity to wait 
at the bungalow until we hear it ring. 

" The sun is very hot and we will be glad 
for our umbrellas. You were fortunate to 
get your topies. I suppose if there are 
any in your crowd who think they do not 
need topies they will soon be convinced. 

11 Here is our luggage. Now we will go 
and buy the tickets. I suppose we can 

An India Passenger Train 

Notice That Each Compartment Has About Ten Doors on Each Side 

Interior of Coach 

The Upper Shelves May Be Used for Baggage or for Berth 

get them already. You ask what I mean by 
that. Once some of the sahibs went to 
Palghar, and when they wanted to buy 
their tickets for home it was twenty min- 
utes before train time and the ticket agent 
said, ' There is too much time yet. You can 
get them later.' 

"Here the train comes! If you will stay 
here with the luggage the boy will run 
along the train to find an empty compart- 
ment. You wonder what is going on, that 
there are so many people here. That is the 
way it always is. Third-class rates make 
it possible for a good many to travel. 

"There seems to be no European compart- 
ment on this train, so we will get in this 
women's car. Sister Eliza Miller is in here. 
She was in Bombay on business. 

" Yes, that luggage is all ours. When 
we get it in we can perhaps find some 
place to sit. The car seems to be quite 
crowded, but there is still room for some- 
thing on that shelf, and there can still be 
^^^ one box put under the seat. Some 
of this is for some of the folks at 
Bulsar. When we go anywhere 
there is always some one who 
sends something and when they go 
we do the same. 

" You wonder why we have not 
yet started. 
Trains d o not 
start as quickly 
here as at home. 
You will soon be- 
come accustomed 
to the long stops 
and often find it 
convenient, too. 
Our children be- 
come so ac- 
customed to it 
that when they 
go to America 
they notice the 
difference. One 
little girl, when 
home on fur- 


The Missionary Visitor 


lough, was so surprised when the train 
started she exclaimed, ' Papa, isn't the 
train going to stop here?' 

" These seats are quite different from 
those in America. If the 1 train is "not 
crowded we can spread out our bedding 
rolls and lie down for a nap. We appreciate 
that, well enough. 

" Here we are at a station. Do you see 
that man walking on his hands, and those 
children performing? Now can you under- 
stand what they say? That's right, you 
can understand ' backsheesh ' already. You 
probably learned that on the way over. 
There are some people who have fruit to 

sell and some with baskets. We use baskets 
like those for many different things. 

" Have you noticed that the conductor 
did not come for our tickets? In India we 
give our tickets at the end of our journey. 
We also have no way of knowing when we 
reach our destination except by reading 
the sign, and that is rather difficult to do at 
night. However, the guard, who corre- 
sponds to the conductor on our trains at 
home, is very accommodating and will come 
to tell us if we ask him. 

" Now we are at Bulsar. After a few 
minutes' ride in the tonga we will be at 
the bungalow." 

Vada, Thana Dist. 

The Forward Movement in India 

H. L. Alley 

YOU have heard that the Indian church 
adopted a Forward Movement pro- 
gram. Delegates from the churches 
met at Bulsar April 22 and 23, 1920, and 
after much prayer and discussion decided 
upon a five-year program. There was first 
the idea of the preparation of the church 
for the accomplishing of larger tasks, and 
then the defining of those tasks and the 
setting of goals to which we believed, by 
God's help, we could attain in the various 
lines of church activity. The missionaries 
spoke of the increased interest in church 
work everywhere, and especially of the For- 
ward Movement in the home church. An 
effort was made to have the delegates real- 
ize more than ever before the world's need 
of Christ and the Indian church's respon- 
sibility in the winning of India to Christ. 
In determining the lines of special activity 
and setting goals the Indian Brethren were 
encouraged to lead out so that the program 
would be best adapted to the Indian 
church's needs and be the best plan for ob- 
taining the greatest results in the spiritual 
growth of the church. It was planned that 
through prayer — church, family and private 
prayer; through Bible study and teaching 
relative to stewardship, proper Sabbath ob- 
servance, soul-winning, every member glor- 
ifying Christ in his daily life and giving his 
life in service for others — through these and 
other means the church was to prepare her- 

self for the accomplishment of larger 

The five-year goals are as follows: Raise 
Rs. 25,000 for District mission work; the 
District Mission Boards shall send forth 
five workers, besides aiding in supplying 
the churches with efficient pastors; the 
membership of the Indian church, the num- 
ber of mission workers, the number of 
Sunday-schools, the number of Sunday- 
school pupils, and the number of students in 
village schools, boarding schools, and train- 
ing schools should be doubled. Women's 
work and child welfare are to be attended 
to. Five thousand total abstinence signers 
are to be secured, and the number of sub- 
scribers to the Prakash Patra is to be 

Bro. Q. A. Holsopple was appointed gen- 
eral director. He later appointed the writer 
as Director in our Marathi District. Within 
two weeks after the meeting at Bulsar each 
church had been called together to consider 
its share of the opportunities and responsi- 
bilities presented by the new movement. 
The missionaries and other delegates ex- 
plained to the different churches that this 
was a movement by the Indian church for 
her own development and larger usefulness. 
The churches by vote adopted the program 
arranged at Bulsar and decided to accept 
full responsibility for cooperating in carry- 
ing it out as planned. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Each church appointed a main committee, 
consisting entirely or for the most part of 
Indian brethren. Then there were sub- 
committees appointed to look after the 
different lines of work, such as the prepara- 
tion of the church, Sunday-school, educa- 
tional, evangelistic, etc. These committees 
in turn enlisted helpers, so that practically 
all had a definite duty outlined. 

It was arranged that some special work 
should be carried on simultaneously in all 
the churches each month. In May the sub- 
ject of temperance was stressed. The Pra- 
kash Patra that month was a special tem- 
perance number. Other temperance liter- 
ature was distributed, meetings held, pledge 
signers secured, etc. In June Sunday-school 
work was emphasized. Efforts were made 
to establish new schools and increase the 
enrollment and efficiency of present schools. 
In July the development of the devotional 
life was stressed. Efforts were made to 
establish family altars, Bible study classes, 
etc. In August we emphasized stewardship, 
and in September our personal responsibil- 
ity in our stewardship of funds, and of life. 
Now, in October, we are emphasizing edu- 
cation. In November consecration will be 
the special subject for the month. We ex- 
pect to have Rev. E. Stanley Jones, one of 
the most consecrated leaders in India, to 
conduct meetings in several centers in our 
mission. In December will be the Christ- 
mas festivals, with their programs empha- 
sizing the birth and life of the Savior. The 
cooler months of January and February are 
always the best for District evangelistic 
work, and so these two months will be set 
apart as months of evangelism. At each 
station it is hoped that one or more mis- 
sionaries with a group of helpers will be 
able to spend considerable time in touring 
among the villages within their reach. 
March will be the month for the Gujerati 
District Meeting and other conventions, and 
the planning of the work of the coming 
year. The Marathi District Meeting will 
be in January. We are expecting our 
visiting brethren from America to be with 
us at the time of all these conventions and 
meetings, and to be a great inspiration and 
help to us during the few months we shall 
be privileged to have them with us. 

In the Gujerati District the director ap- 
pointed leaders for each month's work, so 

that each line would be carefully studied 
and directed by some one especially ap- 
pointed for that duty. The same thing was 
done to some extent in our Marathi Dis- 
trict. The scarcity of workers prevented us 
from setting Bro. Holsopplc free for direct- 
ing the energies. Besides being director of 
the Forward Movement he has full work 
as missionary in charge at Vuli. Hence 
the need of the monthly leaders. 

Each month the Prakash Patra, which, 
though printed in Gujerati, is read by the 
majority of our Marathi workers, is either 
entirely or to a large extent devoted to the 
program for the month. Appropriate daily 
readings are arranged and printed each 
month, while other special literature in 
harmony with the efforts of the month is 

Her e at Dahanu we have had a meet- 
ing of the workers at the beginning of 
each month. These meetings are for prayer, 
Bible study, hearing reports of work done 
and giving encouragement for that of the 
incoming month. The other churches also 
have had their meetings. In some cases 
they are held for a whole week, giving the 
workers special training along the line to 
be undertaken. All the work is carried on 
all the time, but each month some one thing 
is particularly stressed in all eight of our 
churches. In our efforts here we notice an 
increase in the number of Sunday-schools, 
in the desire to tell the gospel story, and 
greater liberality in giving. The majority 
of our people have been giving the tithe 
ever since the Forward Movement began. 
A number of temperance pledges have been 
signed. Bro. Long makes the following re- 
port of what has been done at Vyara: 

" First, after making out the program at 
Bulsar, we had the workers in for a week; 
when our native preacher taught daily the 
subject of ' Offerings,' beginning with Old 
Testament offerings and ending with the 
need of our own offering, full surrender, 
to God. He tried to develop the subjects 
of tithe and stewardship, of course. I my- 
self taught the subject of prayer, private, 
family, and intercession. This helped our 
workers to see what was before us. In 
May, last part, till the rains came, we made 
a really successful effort against liquor, get- 
ting 400 signers of the pledge. In June we 
(Continued on Page 21) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Washing Clothes on a Cement Platform Near the Well 

Simple Life in India 

Sara G. Replogle 

UPON our arrival in India many- 
strange and interesting things at- 
tracted our attention. With some 
of these things we were deeply impressed, 
the chief of which was the simple life which 
these people live. 

In the last few years we have heard much 
about simple living, and especially during 
the war was the fact brought before us 
continually that we should economize and 
do what we could to help win the war. 
Then, too, we as a church believe that God's 
people should live a simple life, and we 
trust that we shall ever be true to the prin- 
ciples for which our church stands. 

Perhaps many of you in the homeland 
feel that you are living a simple life, but 
if you were to go with me into some of the 
homes here, as we see them day by day, 
no doubt you would feel as I have felt many 
times, that until I saw how these people 
live I did not know much about a simple 

Usually when we speak of the simple life 
we think first of the dress question. Among 
our native Christians we do not have much 
trouble about the dress question, for we 
are very glad if the people are dressed at 

all. Their style of dress is very simple, 
and it is no uncommon sight to see many 
of the children with nothing on except 
their " birthday clothes." We have admired 
very much the simplicity of the women's 
dress. They do not study the fashion 
plates, but occasionally, buy a sardie, and 
this, with a few other articles of clothing, 
comprises their wardrobe. The majority 
of these people never wear shoes, which is 
quite economical when shoes are so very 
expensive. As a rule the men are more in- 
clined to adopt the European style of dress 
than are the women. 

The home life is very simple. Some of 
the homes are merely abiding places. Most 
of the houses are huts made of poles cov- 
ered with grass, with the walls and floors 
" limpooed." There is usually only one 
opening, the door, and that is so low that 
you can scarcely enter without stooping, 
and sometimes it is almost impossible to 
enter that way. The huts are very small, 
but often are used not only to shelter the 
family but the oxen and other live stock. 

The household equipment is not very 
elaborate. Usually it consists of one or 
two beds, which during the day are placed 


The Missionary Visitor 


outside in order to give more room inside; 
a mill for grinding, a few cooking vessels, 
some drinking vessels, and one or more 
shallow vessels from which they eat. You 
will notice that no mention is made of a 
stove. Stoves are not as common in India 
as they are in America. Not until quite re- 
cently did all the missionaries have stoves. 
Small fireplaces are made on the floor, 
similar to what is used when on a camping 
expedition, whjch is made by arranging 
several stones so as to form a semicircle. 

Were you to enter the home in the even- 
ing you would see the mother or daughter 
sitting by the fireplace, with ground grain 
of some kind in a pan. With this flour she 
mixes salt and water, and sometimes some 
ghee or clarified butter. This dough is 
made into flat cakes and is baked in a pan 
over the fire. This takes the place of, or 
rather is, their bread. This bread, with rice 
prepared in different ways and a few vege- 
tables, forms their chief diet. When the 
meal is in readiness all sit on the floor and 
eat from a common dish. No sound of 
knives, forks and spoons is heard, because 
instead of these the fingers are used. 

Not much equipment is needed by these 
people for their laundry work. All that is 
required is a bucket, which is used for 
drawing water, when the washing is not 
done near the river; a 
stone on which to pound 
the clothes and a club 
with which to pound 
them. When washed they 
are spread on the grass 
or hung on the fence to 
dry. The manner of bath- 
ing, too, is quite simple. 
It is usually done by 
pouring water over the 
body. Quite frequently, 
however, the people go to 
the river to bathe, and it 
is not an uncommon sight 
to see people when on 
their way home from 
work stop at the river and 
bathe, and then continue 
their journey homeward. 

The many implements 
employed in the homeland 
during haymaking and 

harvesting are almost unknown here. A 
small sickle is used in cutting the grass 
and grain. It is then tied in bundles and 
carried by the people on their heads to the 
place where it is to be consumed. 

Mention might also be made concerning 
the manner of disposing of the dead. It 
is customary among the Parsees to carry 
their dead to some sacred place, where it 
is devoured by the vulturas. The Hindus 
burn their dead. The Christian people bury 
theirs. The burial, however, is usually very 
simple. As soon as a person dies arrange- 
ments are made for the interment. The 
body is wrapped in a white cloth and after 
a short service it is buried. 

Such, in part, is the simple life as it is 
lived by the people of India. Be it under- 
stood, however, there are some homes that 
are not as good as this description, and 
there are some that are better. We have 
tried to give you only a general idea of 
how the people live, but we trust you who 
dwell in comfortable homes and are enjoy- 
ing the blessings of Christianity will be 
willing to give up some of the things which 
may be luxuries and devote more of that 
which the Lord has intrusted to you for 
the spread of his Gospel among those 
who are yet in darkness. 

Bulsar, Surat Dist. 

Cleaning Grain and Sifting Flour for the Evening Meal 
Grinding Grain With the Old Mill Stones 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Church's Responsibility Toward the Foreign 

Mission Field 

Bertha L. Butterbaugh 

IF volunteers and funds are to be pro- 
vided on an adequate scale, the home 
church must be kept informed and 
aroused to the need. What the church lacks 
is not ability, but interest. A thoroughly 
awakened church could accomplish a large 
part of the aims of foreign missions in a 
generation. If all congregations and in- 
dividuals would do in proportion to their 
ability what some congregations and indi- 
viduals are already doing, sOme of us might 
live to see the successful termination of the 
foreign mission enterprise; that is, each 
land, not indeed completely Christianized, 
but equipped with native pastors and 
churches able to handle its own problems. 
The key to the present situation, therefore, 
is found ultimately in the interest of the 
home church. Interest depends on the right 
kind of knowledge. Our first need is a 
campaign of education. 

The three main agencies of education are 
the home, the. school, and the church. Sad 
to say, the first-named does very little that 
is systematic, and the latter two have divid- 
ed the field, one taking secular, and the 
other religious instruction. Whatever the 
shortcomings of the school, it is at least 
attacking its problems in earnest. 

When we turn to religious education, we 
find that much less is being done. Reli- 
gious education receives only a fraction of 
•the time that the secular school obtains, 
the period available for class work being 
only one-fortieth as long. Teachers re- 
ceive far less training for religious educa- 
tion than for secular. 

From the missionary viewpoint, these 
weaknesses are grievous.' They mean that 
hundreds of children pass through our Sun- 
day-schools without any adequate instruc- 
tion on the greatest task of the church. 

The systematic study of missions which 
has arisen in the past few years is one of 
the most promising signs of the time. A 
strong study class should prove a power 
house for all sorts of missionary effort in 
the church. 

When it comes to giving, we must face 

the fact that only about one-half of the 
membership of the average church partici- 
pates in gifts for missions. Some: whole 
churches give nothing at all, and others 
do only about half what they could do. 
Each church should have "a. committee to 
cooperate with the pastor in promoting 
missionary interest and giving in the con- 

There is a great work to be done in the 
homeland, but it is not helped in the least 
by opposition to foreign missions. Giving 
to world evangelization enlarges the mind, 
broadens the sympathies, and so opens the 
springs of benevolence that those who do 
the most for foreign missions are usually 
the ones who do the most for home mis- 
sions. Jacob A. Riis, who toiled so faith- 
fully for the poor people of New York, 
said, " For every dollar you give abroad, 
God gives you ten dollars' worth of pur- 
pose to deal with your heathen at home." 

The pastor has the chief responsibility 
in this effort to arouse the church. The 
most zealous pastor, however, can accom- 
plish little without the support of all his 
members. There are some persons who 
can contribute but little money to the mis- 
sionary cause, but who are able to render 
service of positive value by devoting their 
energies to stimulating interest in church 

It is sadly true that there are professing 
Christians who never pray for missiona- 
ries and their work from one year's end to 
the other, except when they unconsciously 
utter the Lord's prayer. What excuse can 
they give? Either disbelief in prayer or 
sheer ignorance and lack of interest seem 
to be the possible answers. There is great- 
ly needed some systematic effort to develop 
a praying church. Do the missionaries and 
their needs and work have a stated place 
in your private and family prayer life? Do 
you pray personally for each missionary? 
Look on the back page of the Missionary 
Visitor and get acquainted with the force 
on the field. What a difference it would 

(Continued on Page 6) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Keeping Abreast With Progress 

A. G. Butterbaugh 

THE new missionary, upon coming to 
the field, if he has been accustomed 
to doing extensive reading at home, 
finds himself denied of some of these priv- 
ileges. Yet the need and the desire for 
such reading will be just as apparent on 
the field as at home. While one cannot 
expect to enjoy the same access to maga- 
zines and newspapers, as he did at home 

other way. The missionary and literary 
magazine furnishes, very acceptably, a me- 
dium for this companionship. The boy in 
school, who continually pores over his 
books, without seeking the companionship 
of others, is not an all-round student. He 
needs to come up against others' opinions 
and others' ways, in order to get the rough 
edges rubbed off, else he will become nar- 

in college, he should avail himself of row and self-centered. It is the testimony 

such opportunities as he has of keeping in 
touch with progress along missionary 
lines and current events of interest to him 
in a general way. 

The missionary must not only grow in 
a knowledge of his work, but he must 
grow with it. If recent progress has been 
made along some line in mission work he 
should know of it. If he is a specialist 
he will watch especially ' for progressive 
ideas along his particular line. In order 
to continue to grow with the work, one 
must continue to inform himself along 
lines that will aid such growth. Of course, 
one's spiritual growth is even more neces- 
sary, and will need to come largely 
through daily Bible study and constant 
communion with the Father. But, even 
this will" be fostered and enlightened by 
helpful magazine articles. The reading of 
the results of other successful mission- 
aries and their problems will enable him 
to pray more effectiveily, and thereby will 
engender in him the force to accomplish 
similar or better results. 

I would not minimize in any way the 
value of actual experience, and the closer 
knowledge and added insight this gives one 
of the best way to meet similar problems. 
Experience is paramount, but the added 
help which comes through reading will 
give a scope to one's vision that cannot 
easily be supplied in any other way. One 
needs to know how other men have suc- 
cessfully met, or failed to meet, their 
problems, in order to avoid making similar 

The missionary's life is largely one of 
isolation from his fellows. This unavoid- 
able circumstance demands that he seek 
association and companionship in some 

of missionaries that there is a tendency to 
run out of resources; to become dull; and 
even to become narrow and self-centered. 
To overcome this they have a constant 
struggle, and need to resort to various 
means. But it is encouraging that they 
usually find the reading of good magazine 
articles a very helpful and sure antidote. 
The acquaintance of the missionary with 
men of larger experience, through the 
medium of their magazine articles, will 
give him a breadth of vision and a gener- 
osity of spirit that will enable him to con- 
sider, with a greater degree of fairness, the 
views of others. While it will enable him 
to speak more authoritatively of his own 
work it should also encourage him to solicit 
the opinions of fellow missionaries, who 
may be just as widely read and experienced 
on these subjects as he. Therefore it en- 
courages mutuality and equality among 
workers, which is obligatory. 

So much for the obligation. Now the 
question arises, how is the missionary to 
be able, financially, to secure the literature 
he may desire? Or if it can be afforded, 
how can he find the necessary time to 
keep in touch with progress and current 
events of the world? These are questions 
that will need to be answered by each one 
individually; and it probably will be neces- 
sary sometimes to curb his wishes to meet 
existing circumstances; but don't lose sight 
of the obligation and resulting benefit. 

Good reading material in foreign coun- 
tries, while not so hard to obtain, often is 
quite expensive. So it may be necessary, 
in order to secure a variety of publications, 
for the workers at one station to go to- 
gether, each one subscribing for a differ- 
(Continued on Page 21) 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Baptismal Scene in India 
Part of the Audience Present at the Baptism 

Two Side-Lines to the Study of Gujarati 

Elizabeth Kintner 

TO the " new folks " on the field, there 
are many things of interest of which 
we have read, that we desire to see. 
Sister Mow, who was with us the first few 
days after our arrival, and who went to 
Vyara to live, gave Sister Replogle and me 
several invitations to visit the Vyara sta- 
tion. But as we were not well acquainted 
with the Indian way of travel by rail we 
were not anxious for the trip, until she 
finally wrote that the next week they were 
expecting to go to a village about fifteen 
miles from Vyara, and if we would come out 
on the following Thursday we might have 
the pleasure of taking the trip to that vil- 
lage in an oxcart. We feared it might sound 
more romantic than it would feel, but as we 
had never been in any of the villages we 
decided to run the risk. We went to Vyara 
on the Thursday mentioned and the next 
morning, bright and early (about eight 
o'clock), we were ready to begin our jour- 

I must not forget to say that the oxcart 
has no springs, so as a substitute (for we 
had learned how to use substitutes in the 
States) the bed of the cart was covered 
with hay and some blankets spread over it, 
and it was really quite comfortable. I can- 
not stop to tell you many things that hap- 
pened on the way, save that I wanted to take 
the picture of a man who was up in a palm 
tree about forty feet from the ground, but. 
I doubt if he had ever seen a kodak before, 
for as soon as I pointed my kodak in his 
direction he crawled to the opposite side 
of the tree and started crawling down, al- 
ways being careful to keep on the opposite 
side from me. Then some of the boarding- 
school boys, who left the mission after we 
did, caught up with us when we were about 
two-thirds of the way to the village, so you 
can guess about the rate of our travel. Yes, 
we got lost once, but who would not when 
there are no guide-posts and most of the 
roads look lik e lanes without fences, so 


The Missionary Visitor 


how were we to know that we happened to 
get onto some one's private driveway in- 
stead of the public road? 

We arrived at the village a bit before 
" scheduled time," so dinner was not quite 
ready but we (Bro. Long, who went on 
horseback, Sister Replogle and myself) 
all did justice to the meal when it was 
ready. We sat on the floor in true Indian 
style and also ate Indian style — that is, by 
using the hands for knives, forks and 

After a short rest we gathered in the lit- 
tle temporary schoolhouse, made of some 
kind of straw, for a gayan saba, or singing 
meeting. They follow somewhat the old 
method of " lining a hymn," save that the 
leader sings a line or two at a time instead 
of just reading it. This service was fol- 
lowed by an examination service of some 
candidates for baptism. The baptism took 
place at a beautiful river about half a mile 

As the Indian minister, Natalal, was do- 
ing the baptizing one little girl, about nine 
or ten years old, went out to him. Feeling 
sure she had not been one of the applicants 
he asked the man who had the list, and 
finding that she was not, he refused to bap- 
tize her. Instead of turning and walking 
out where she came in, she turned, went up- 
stream a little way and dove off into the 
water, coming up about ten feet from where 
she went in. Now please do not say that 
she destroyed the sacredness of the occa- 
sion, for she knew no better. She needs 
teaching. One elderly lady who went with 
us to the river said she would not be able 
to stand being baptized, for it would hurt 
her knees too much to kneel down. 

At about seven o'clock we again met in 
the schoolhouse, or hut, rather, for the love 
feast. As we went in we wondered much 
that the man who has charge of the work 
in that village was trying to keep the non- 
Christian people from coming in. We 
learned later that the non-Christians con- 
sidered themselves of better " caste " than 
the Christians, so the man decided to let 
them know that he felt himself above them 
and that they were not worthy to come in 
when he was having a service of that kind. 
You may say, " He surely has not caught 
the true spirit of the Master." Perhaps not 

in that point, but when we compare him 
with his non-Christian neighbors he has 
come farther accordingly in many ways than 
some people I have known in America with 
the far better advantages they have. Here 
again teaching is needed. 

After the love feast was over, another 
gayan saba was held, but as we girls wanted 
to start for home early in the morning (we 
really did start about 6:30) we did not re- 
main for all of it, as it continued until late 
in the evening. We slept in a tent, and 
our beds were of hay covered with canvas 
and some bedding we had brought along. 
The fleas found us, but on the whole our 
rest was little disturbed. As we were about 
to start in the morning we happened to look 
through the partly-open door of one of the 
village homes. The people were sitting 
about the fire, warming, and the oxen were 
lying in one corner of the room. 

We had a very pleasant trip home, as we 
started early enough to avoid the heat. 
Even though we got many bumps riding 
over the rough roads in our springless car- 
riage, we were glad for the experience, for 
it gave us a better idea of village life and 
of some of the difficulties that confront vil- 
lage Christians. I am sure we have been 
able to give them more true sympathy in 
their problems than we could have given 
before, for the life of the Christian com- 
munity here at Bulsar is different from that 
in the villages. 

A few weeks after we came we began to 
hear the wedding drums and to see the 
wedding processions go past. That of course 
made us eager to see what a Hindu wed- 
ding is like. We saw parts of ceremonies 
in the bazaar, but when it was noised 

On the Way to Attend a Village Love Feast 
and Baptism 


The Missionary Visitor 


about in the mission early in February 
that a son of the Hindu master who teaches 
in the boarding school was to be married, 
and that the missionaries were all invited 
to attend the ceremony, Sister Replogle 
and I decided we would go, provided some 
one older in experience would attend. 
Brother and Sister E. H. Eby said they in- 
fended to go and that we might accompany 

It was nearly 9 P. M. when we left the 
mission for the place where the wedding 
party had gone in the afternoon. Being 
used to American ways of promptness (?) 
on such occasions we feared we might miss 
the very thing we wanted to see. But 
when we arrived at the place we found to 
our relief that the party had not yet left 
for the bride's home, and the groom had 
not yet appeared. We were given seats in 
the small room, but as the room was a bit 
crowded we preferred sitting on the porch. 
Here we were entertained by the band 
players, who were gorgeously arrayed in 
suits of tan, trimmed in red, white and blue, 
and brass buttons. Among the different 
kinds of instruments they had was a Scot- 
tish bagpipe, the first of the kind I had ever 

" While the bridegroom tarried, they 
slumbered and slept," was literally true of 
some who were there. It was about 10:30 
when the groom finally appeared, and to 
our great surprise he was a young man of 
about thirty years, while his bride was 
about thirteen years of age. Not knowing 
that he was not in the crowd we had tried 
to guess which one he might be, but we 
had guessed small ones. 

After he appeared the people made prep- 
aration to go to the home of the bride, 
about two blocks away. The wedding pro- 
cession is called var-ghordo, which is a 
combination of the words for husband and 
for horse. It is the usual custom for the 
groom to ride a well-decorated horse, or if 
the distance to the bride's home be long he 
goes in a cart having a fancy silk or velvet 
cover, and the oxen that draw the cart have 
highly-colored blankets. 

It was this young man's second marriage, 
so he had neither horse nor cart, but had 
to go on foot. We were delayed several 
times on the way by the news that the 
bride was not quite ready for the groom. 

She was ready after a while and we com- 
pleted our journey. The people were 
gathered in the street under a canopy put 
up for the occasion*. The groom was taken 
to one side, where there was some kind of 
a ceremony, in which they wound several 
strands of thread under the feet and over 
the heads of the groom and a brother-in- 
law of the bride, who stood beside him. 
After that the groom took his place under 
a smaller canopy, made by setting up some 
bamboo poles and stretching a red woolen 
blanket over the top. For seats under this 
canopy, several comforters doubled several 
times answered the purpose, there bemg 
fewer on the side occupied by the bride 
than by the groom. After the groom took 
his place, a small curtain was put up in 
front of him, and in a short time the bride 
took her place opposite him, but they could 
not see each other. 

The priest commenced the ceremony, and 
most of the time while it was being carried 
on we were entertained by a singer of 
classical minor music. 

We could not see very much of the cere- 
mony and could understand less. It was 
completed by the dropping of the curtain 
and the exchange of neckwreaths by the 
bride and groom, and their joining of hands. 

This not only helped to satisfy our cur- 
iosity but to understand the ways and 
thoughts of the people among whom God 
has sent us to labor. I should have men- 
tioned that these are high-caste Brahmans, 
the class of people from which most of our 
teachers come. 

Bulsar, Surat Dist. 


Mary Lesh 
My Elder Brother by me stands — 
I'see the nail-holes in his hands; 
Now I need grope and fear no more, 
His feet have trod this way before. 

He holds me close in his embrace, 
He bids my wearied spirit cease, 
His gentle presence cheers my way — 
My Guide, my Comfort, and my Stay. 

My treasured baubles I let fall, 
For Jesus Christ is all in all; 
His power will hold me to the end — 
The King of kings is now my Friend. 

The darkness deepens — what of night? 
My Father's house is now in sight; 
Its dazzling beauty soon I'll see, 
My loving Savior's gift to me. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Visit With My Children in the Hills 

Ellen H. Wagoner 

ON arriving at Bulsar the morning of 
April 5 we were told that Sister 
Alice Ebey and Leah Ruth were 
starting to the hills for a rest and had 
kindly consented to take our little girls — 
Emma and Elizabeth — and Lucile Forney 
with her, that they might start in school 

How precious these two weeks were to us, 
for in such a short time our darlings would 
go from us to be gone until some time in 
December! They left us, not knowing what 
to expect, with sad hearts and the tears 
flowing freely. In a few days letters began 
coming, telling of the pleasant journey and 
the royal welcome from the others who had 
gone before. Messages arrived through the 
months that followed, telling how happy 
and well satisfied they were. Reports from 
their teachers told of the splendid work 
they were doing in school. 

The months passed quickly, and on 
Thursday evening, Aug. 26, I boarded the 
Punjab Mail — a through train — at Bulsar 
and met Sister Eliza Miller at Broach, far- 
ther up the line, and we were happily on 
the way to Landour, in North India, near- 
ly a thousand miles away. Sister Eliza 
was going for a much-needed rest, and I 
was going to see my little girls. About 
noon on Saturday we arrived at the foot 
of the majestic Himalayas. Arrangements 
were soon made and we were on our way 
up seven thousand feet of mountain. We 
were carried up, by men, in chairlike con- 
cerns called " dandies." 

That evening at 4: 30 we were met by 
auntie and all the children some distance 
from their home. We were given a hearty 
welcome. What a healthy, rosy-cheeked 
bunch they were! How my girlies had 
grown, and how well they looked! But 
how could it be otherwise in that bracing 
air — that wonderful climate! 

We all proceeded to Prospect Lodge, 
their home up in the hill. As we stood in 
the yard and looked about us, what gran- 
deur, what magnificent scenery greeted our 
eyes! The wonderful handiwork of our 

Sister Miller is matron of this home and 

dearly loved by every child. There are 
eleven children now in this home, and a 
happier lot I never saw. They are always 
busy — the play time, work time, study hour 
and worship hour. How nicely they all 
work together! 

They are attending a splendid English 
school, all doing well, and the teachers are 
interested in them. The parents owe much 
to Sister Sadie in her untiring efforts in 
helping the children during their study hour 
each evening — as a result, good work at 

In the evening, besides their study hour, 
they sing, play games, and then comes the 
prayer hour before retiring. 

At the end of each month, after the ex- 
aminations are over, they have a two days' 
holiday. These are spent in different ways. 
Oftentimes a lovely spot is found in the 
mountains and a picnic is held. A nice 
lunch is prepared and ample justice is done 
to it at the proper time. Games are played, 
flowers and ferns are gathered in the 
" cuds," and a little program is rendered. 
All return home ready for work. 

On Sunday the children have only a few 
minutes' walk to Kellogg's Memorial 
church, where they attend services. Many 
missionaries who come up from the plains 
for rest worship here. 

Just a little incident to show how well 
contented our little ones are. I had written 
to " auntie," as they all call her, about my 
coming, and if they cared to they could 
live with me, or stay in the home — just as 
they wished. They discussed the matter, 
and then had " auntie " to inform me that 
they would stay with her, but come to see 
me over Sunday. They were glad to see 
their mama, yet were satisfied just to come 
and visit me. 

Such is the life of the missionary school- 
children at Landour. The parents who go 
to the hills for rest, and visit this well- 
managed home, are quite happy with con- 
ditions there. 

While the separation for nine months of 
the year from our " sunbeams " is hard, we 
do not murmur. We want to do what is 
best for them. Bulsar, Surat Dist. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary as Man 

Lillian Grisso 

INTEREST and information concerning 
missionaries and their work have in- 
creased rapidly the last few years. To- 
day the work, problems and temptations of 
the missionary are much better understood 
than they were a few decades ago. Even 
yet, however, there are to be found those in 
the homeland who regard the missionary 
as one who left the " world, the flesh and 
the devil" behind in America when he de- 
parted from its shores. 

But the missionary on the field wears no 
halo of glory around his head, and neither 
has the adversary departed forever from 
him as one no longer susceptible to tempta- 
tion. In an environment physically stren- 
uous; among a people whose ideals are far 
different from his own; in a land where 
he is daily face to face with sin in its 
worst forms, much of it sanctioned by the 
religion of the nation in which he dwells; 
often lonely in the midst of multitudes, 
the missionary is beset by certain definite 
temptations that make it no easier for him 
to do right than in the homeland. That 
you may understand better and pray more 
intelligently for your representatives on 
the field we are giving you this glimpse into 
the everyday problems and temptations of 
the missionary. 

The testings begin sometimes very soon 
after arrival on the field. You feel you 
came out trusting God to give the strength 
needed in every way, physical, mental and 
spiritual, but the language seems to come 
more slowly than you had thought it would # 
For some there are physical hindrances 
added to this. You are tempted to become 
anxious, discouraged and impatient. As 
you enter the work, opportunities for im- 
patience only multiply. Promises are made 
by the people, only to be broken. The 
Christians, whom you had pictured as su- 
perior, perhaps, to the average Christian at 
home, misunderstand your motives, mani- 
fest many tendencies that may be as thorns 
in your flesh, and before you. know it you 
have yielded to the irritation of the mo- 

Again, there comes the temptation to neg- 
lect prayer and the fellowship with God in 

the study of his Word, without which we 
are unprepared to do effectual work or meet 
the testings that come. But the day seems 
all too short to accomplish the set tasks, as 
much more time must be taken for rest 
than at home, and so, unless the quiet hour 
is guarded jealously, it easily becomes too 
nearly crowded out. 

If you are inclined to be critical, the mis- 
sion field affords you plenty of opportunity 
to cultivate that attitude.- Needless to say 
there are many things not right. The peo- 
ple come short of your ideal. They fall 
when you think they should stand. When 
you seek their good they attribute your 
actions to other motives. They are another 
race, with standards different from yours, 
and it is difficult for the foreigner to under- 
stand or appreciate their viewpoint. So it 
it easy to take an unsympathetic attitude 
toward them. The missionaries, too, are 
thrown into very close relationships with 
each other in the work. Each one has his 
own methods of work and sees the prob- 
lems from his own viewpoint. Yours may 
not always agree with his. It is easier, also, 
to see your own situation and problems 
than those of others, and so you may find it 
easier to blame and criticize than to be 

On the other hand, perhaps not the least 
of the dangers is the tendency to lower 
your ideals in some things, that they may 
accord more nearly with the views of those 
around you. " Lord, help me to remain 
sensitive to sin," is a prayer that needs to 
be oft breathed by the missionary. In the 
States we build our home in the best en r 
vironment possible and select the noble as 
our companions. What, then, is the effect 
of living daily in the deadening atmosphere 
of a non-Christian land? The problem of 
holding yourself true to the highest ideals, 
and yet adjusting yourself properly to the 
people, that you may get close to them, be- 
comes a complex one. Questions that you 
thought were settled long ago present them- 
selves in entirely new relations, and many 
times it is difficult to recognize the higher 
way and harder still to walk in it. 

The people must be governed and trained, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but the position of the one who does it is 
a subtle temptation to develop an attitude 
of superiority. This is not conducive to 
humility and gentleness. 

For all this a large experience of God's 
grace is daily needed. This is written, not 
to enlist your pity, for there are many joys 
and compensations as we go forth in his 
service, but we beseech your help in prayer. 
We need your prayers and your help, that 
our service may be to his glory and that 
self may be hidden. We are human, and 
the self-life makes many efforts to manifest 
itself. As you pray for the work, do not 
forget your fellow-workers in their efforts 
to keep their own inner life up to the stand- 
ard, and thus may you be fellow-workers 
with us in leading. India to the feet of 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist. 


(Continued from Page IS) 

ent magazine and then exchanging to 
secure the benefit of all. By dividing the 
expense, a daily paper also is often taken 
at each station. Considering the expense, 
it might be well to have a fund supplied 
for each station for magazine subscrip- 
tions. This would be a splendid opportu- 
nity for some organization or individuals 
in the church, who have the welfare of the 
missionaries at heart, to supply this fund. 
Even though a missionary cannot afford 
to secure an adequate amount of reading 
material, this should not be a cause for 
him to be denied the privilege of reading. 
It may still be a problem for the busy 
missionary to find time to do as much 
reading as he would like, and no doubt 
some sacrifice will need to be made. But 
the benefit to be derived should well repay 
one for the time it requires. The carpenter 
never hesitates to stop work long enough 
to file his dull saw. Nor does he consider 
that he is idling on the job, for the greater 
ease and rapidity with which he is enabled 
to work afterward far overbalances the 
time lost. So it is with the missionary — 
he needs to keep well informed, or to apply 
the illustration, to stop long enough, at 
times to keep his tools in first-class condi- 
tion. Time spent in familiarizing oneself 

with better missionary plans and methods 
is time well spent for the Lord. 
Dahanu, India. 


(Continued from Page 11) 

got a few workers to agree to manage two 
Sunday-schools instead of one, as hitherto. 
Since then, as we can, amidst hindrances 
of monsoon, we have preached on the spirit- 
ual life needed: but do not feel we have 
done much since the rains. Our time to 
prepare again, for a week, D. V., will come 
in November, when, in addition to our 
meetings that we may have at Bulsar, we 
hope to have our own at Vyara, for 
workers' sake. In the winter will be the 
time to make good all we have planned at 
Bulsar. I really hope we shall have better 
collections, better Sunday-schools, harder 
workers, more prayer, etc., as a result of 
the program. 

Our Bulsar brethren report their activi- 
ties well organized, with personal work 
done,, hundreds of temperance and other 
leaflets distributed, 150 temperance pledges 
signed, a community library organized, 
special lectures and programs on education, 
sewing classes, Bible classes, mission study 
classes and special classes for women, and 
certain social features for strengthening 
the Christian community, etc. 

From Anklesvar come reports of in- 
creased interest in Sunday-school and other 
work. All of our churches are busy, but 
I have not had a detailed account from 
some of them. Lantern lectures on differ- 
ent subjects have been given at a number 
of the stations. 

None are satisfied with the results ob- 
tained, but all believe that it is worth while 
and that there are many advantages in set- 
ting definite standards. Our Indian brethren 
are growing in the desire and ability to do 
great things for their Master. Pray for 
them and us, as we together with you at- 
tempt to do in a larger way our common 
Master's will. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., Oct. 13. 

Money for relief of the starving in Eu- 
rope will be received by the Relief and Re- 
construction Committee, Elgin, 111. 


LGE library 

A i Li) w '^ i- L 

« i- 1 * # a -r r- n \/!DniMlA 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pleasant Surprises to the New Missionary 

Anna Brumbaugh 

MOST of our new missionaries com- 
ing to the field have their precon- 
ceived ideas about it. These are 
gained from the talks of those on furlough 
and reading from one source or another. 
The talks are usually an appeal to help 
these poor, ignorant people. The books 
and tracts read have somewhat the same 
dominant note. The dark side is thus us- 
ually portrayed. Let us turn the tables a 
bit and see some of the brightness. 

In the first place, the climate is not so 
unbearable as was expected. In the winter 
season it is quite cool, there's a sea breeze 
even in the hot season, and the monsoons 
are pleasant. One is entitled to about half 
the hot seasons at the hills, and there the 
weather is ideal. When the monsoon ar- 
rives the air becomes cool, new life begins 
to bud, and everyone is glad for the change. 
If one is sure to protect himself from the 
sun and mosquitoes, the climate is quite 

Then the scenery. It isn't only the beau- 
ties of the snow-capped Himalayas. Start- 
ing from Bombay for the Marathi language 
school, the mountain scenery is fine. It is 
well worth seeing. Reaching the school, 
the mountain peaks are all about, and one 
can't help but appreciate them. There are 
also winding streams and shady roads, such 
as one delights to see. From most of our 
stations we are in sight of hills or low 
mountains, as are seen in some of the 
Eastern States. We think they're nice. 

There are bad roads, but there are many 
good ones. Nearly all our stations are near 
fine roads. They are better than many of 
the dirt roads in the United States and 
autos run on them smoothly. Yes, autos 
run on them, and with their toot, toot, 
warn the oxcart drivers ahead. In the 
cities are quite a number of autos, from 
Fords to Overlands, but in the country not 
so many are seen. 

The mission bungalows are substantial 
and fair-sized. They are built to meet the 
needs of the mission and climate. We see 
lizards on the walls, and moles and toads 
on the floor, occasionally, but they do not 
harm us. Even on the outside, snakes aren't 

numerous, especially where' the ground is 
kept cleared up. On the verandas and near 
the house we have flowers and plants of 
different kinds. Some of the colors are 
especially bright here. Pineapple, cocoa- 
nut, papaya, banana, mango, etc., trees dot 
our compounds, just as you have the cherry, 
apple, peach, etc. Our vegetables, too, are 
akin to those in America, and some are 
the same. Beef, oysters, fish and mutton 
can be obtained sometimes. With the new 
stoves sent us, we can have real homelike 

The doby (washerman) is a necessity. 
One should have white clothes without but- 
tons to get the best result. His method of 
washing the clothing on the rocks does not 
exactly suit- our taste, but he does well. I 
think most of us are more than surprised 
that his work is so well done. 

The people in general are lovable. We 
forget they arn't white, for they are human, 
like every one of us. The children love 
to play, to be petted and fondled, and soon 
win their way to our hearts. The older 
folk, too, show human nature to be the 
same the world around. We must learn 
to know and understand them. The con- 
trast between a jungly, ignorant, non-Chris- 
tian family and a Christian one is, I think, 
the most pleasant of the surprises. Surely 
we are thankful for the lives of these strong 
Native Christians. 

Certainly, there is plenty of darkness in 
this land. You have heard much about it, 
and it cannot be overstressed. The picture 
is very dark, but it is well to put in the 
lighter tinges. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist. 

It is my purpose under God's guidance 
to devote my life without reserve to a dis- 
tinctly Christian vocation. 

It is my purpose, if God permits, to be- 
come a Foreign Missionary. 

These two pledges are used by the United 
Student Volunteers. The former is a gen- 
oral pledge for consecration to a distinc- 
tively Christian vocation and the latter is 
signed by those who feel called to foreign 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anetta C. Mow 

October 19-21, the Field Committee meet- 
ing was held at Anklesvar. Thirty-one 
missionaries were present. It was a real 
joy for so many of us to meet together. 
The women occupied the Miss Sahibs' bun- 
galow, and the men-folk filled Bro. Arnold's 
home. A long program of business items 
was disposed of. 

For a couple of hours on Wednesday 
evening work was laid aside and a social 
time was enjoyed. The dinner hour turned 
out to be in honor of two birthdays near 
at hand. Sisters Nora Hollenberg and 
Anetta Mow were much surprised when the 
birthday cakes were brought in and placed 
before them. 

On leaving the tables all went to the 
front yard, where games, songs and read- 
ings were on the program. The clear moon- 
light only added to th e pleasure of the even- 
ing. At ten o'clock when we retired we felt 
that the time had been well spent, because it 
is as true in India as in the homeland that 
" all work and no play makes Jack a dull 

The next morning at 8 o'clock the corner- 
stone of the Girls' Boarding School build- 
ing at Anklesvar was laid. All on the com- 
pound were present, making an audience of 
not fewer than two hundred. Bro. A. W. 
Ross conducted the service. One of our 
Indian schoolgirls, who has been in school 
since she was a tiny girl, and who at 
present is helping in the teaching, read the 
Scripture lesson. 

During the service many of us thanked 
God for the work which has been done 
among our girls and for the bright hope we 
have for greater things. We rejoiced that 
this Girls' School has outgrown its walls 
and that a larger and better equipped 
building is needed for these girls than has 
ever been put up on our field. 

Brother and Sister D. L. Forney have 
been ill during this month with something 
which seemed much like influenza. At pres- 
ent they are better and will be able to leave 
the hospital rooms at Bulsar and return 
to Jalalpor in a few days. 

Sister Sara Replogle is now at home with 
Sister Shumaker at Jalalpor. 

Quincy Holsopple and family are very 
glad to be at their home at Vali again after 
their two months' siege of sickness. 

Our missionary children and Sister Sadie 
Miller moved from Prospect Lodge, far- 
ther up the hill to Prespect Point, on the 
first of the month. Prospect Point is now 
owned by our mission as a rest home for 
missionaries, but the schoolchildren will 
occupy it during the remainder of this 
school year. During the time Bro. Lichty 
was at Landour he did a lot of repairing 
and painting at Prospect Point, getting it 
in better shape for occupancy. 

The second week in October, I. S. Long 
and wife, with little Elizabeth, D. J. Lichty, 
Eliza Miller and Mrs. Wagoner, returned 
to their respective stations after spending 
a few weeks at Landour. 



Anna M. Hutchison 
As we close the month of October per- 
haps the one item of greatest interest to 
us, especially at Liao Chou, is the return 
of the deputation from Japan, who have 
reached Liao Chou. They came in unex- 
pectedly on Saturday evening, four days 
earlier than we had expected them, but how 
glad we were to welcome them in our 

Famine conditions in places are already 
distressing. At Luan Liu, a village about 
five miles from Ping Ting, and an out- 
station, conditions are very severe. Sister 
Anna Blough has just returned to Ping 
Ting from a three weeks' stay at this place. 
Besides having a daily class with over a 
dozen women, she assisted much in the 
famine relief work there. In many of the 
homes she visited they were eating leaves 
and weeds, and starvation was facing many 
of them. 

Dr. Wampler and Bro. Yin recently made 
a tour of some of the villages, ten and 

(Continued on Page 27) 


The Missionary Visitor 


An Acquaintance Meeting 

Nettie Brown 

ANEW Miss Saheb had come to the 
station. On a visit to the Girls' 
Boarding School she learned many- 
new things. The girls were all eager to have 
a word with her. Numerous questions 
were asked as to where she came from; 
how long she was going to stay in India; 
how many brothers and sisters she had; 
if women in America wore bangles, etc., 
etc. After somewhat satisfying their curi- 
osity she proceeded to get a little informa- 
tion from them. 

As for Rachael, she said, " My father and 
mother were Christians, but now they are 
dead so I am in the boarding school. I 
am in the fourth standard. I have two 
brothers. One is a carpenter and one is a 
schoolmaster. He has taught me some En- 

Rutenmy, shyly: "My real name is 
Rutenmalla, but there is another girl here 
by that name, so they shortened mine. I 
suppose you wonder why my hair looks 
like a boy's. I haven't been here very long 
and it had to be cut off when I came. It 

is very hard for me to get 

used to wearing clothes, and 

when night comes I never 

know which blanket is for 

my bed." 

Miss Saheb: "What is this 

girl crying about? " 

Orpha: "I have a mother, 

two brothers and a baby 

sister, and they don't have 

anything to eat, so how can 

I eat when they don't have 

any bread? " 

Mary and Wakie: "We 

are sisters. Our mother is 

dead. She drowned in a well. 

We didn't have anyone to 

care for us, so we asked to 

come here. We missed moth- 

er very much at first, but now we are as 
happy as can be." 

Cashie: " Do you see this scar on my 
knee? That is because I fell into the fire. 
I have epilepsy. My father was afraid to 
leave me alone when he had to go to the 
field to work, so he brought me here. He 
is dead now, so I guess this is my home. I 
am not a Christian yet, but I can say the 
Lord's Prayer and sing the Christian 

Maltie: "My father is a Christian and he 
teaches in a village school about twelve 
miles from here. He comes in every pay 
day and brings me some sweetmeats." 

Rutenmalla: "O Miss Saheb! Won't you 
please get us some bangles? We like so 
well to wear them." 

Hearie: "I can't hear very well, so I 
can't learn much from books, but Missie 
Saheb says I am a good housekeeper." 

Dorcas: "Now, Miss Saheb, don't laugh 

because I sit down and get up like an old 

woman. I am so stiff because I was a little 

beggar girl and had no place to sleep ex- 

(Continued on Page 27) 

Vada School Girls 


The Missionary Visitor 


Girls of Ind 


Anna M. Eby 

THE little girls in India are very much 
like the little girls in America, and 
yet in many ways they are quite 
different. They laugh and cry, read, write 
and sing (when taught), love and like to 
be loved just as American girls do. In 
color, dress, taste and ideals they are differ- 
ent from American girls. The accompany- 
ing picture shows the style of dress of our 
little brown-skinned India sisters. The girls 
of Christian parents, and even Hindu girls 
who go to school, dress like this. At twelve 
years or older they put on a " sardi " in 
addition to this. A sardi is a straight strip 
of cloth draped about them, as shown in the 
India woman's dress. They like bright 
and gaudy colors, while American girls 
prefer modest colors. 

In ideals, the difference is between Chris- 
tian and non-Christian, or heathen girls 
rather than between American and Indian 
girls. The Christian girl of India has the 
same ideals and ideas of education, home 
life and right living as the American Chris- 
tian girl. I knew a little girl of Hindu 
parentage in India, by the name of Sunder. 
Her name means Beautiful. She was a 
beautiful child, too. Though her parents 
loved her dearly, they were very much 
disappointed that Sunder was a girl and an 
only child, for Hindu people prefer boys 
rather than girls. As Sunder had no broth- 
ers her parents dressed her like a boy. 
She was a very bright child, and was one 
of the few girls whose parents were inters 
ested enough in educating girls to send their 
daughter to school. She took- great inter- 
est in Sunday-school and delighted in tell- 
ing the story of the lesson, repeating mem- 
ory verses and singing Christian hymns, 
even though her parents were heathen peo- 
ple. But one day a great sorrow came into 
Sunder's life. Her much-loved mother died 
and then Sunder had to quit school and 
keep house for her father until he married 
another wife. Then he said it was not worth 
while for Sunder to return to school, for 
she would soon go to live with her husband, 
even though she was only about twelve 
years of age. 

It is a custom and a part of the Hindu 

Little Daughter of Christian Parents 
An Indian Christian Woman 

religion for Hindu people to have their lit- 
tle girls married while quite young. The 
girl's parents make the arrangements for 
her marriage. She has no choice in the 
matter. Sometimes she does not see her 
husband until after her marriage. She does 
not go to live with him, however, until she 
is about thirteen years of age. Then she 
goes with him to his home and becomes a 
servant to her mother-in-law. She does not 
know what real joy and happiness are in 
a home. Sad experiences come to many 
little girls, and they often appear to us like 


The Missionary Visitor 


little old women. Thus it is that child 
life with its joys is cut short for the girls 
of India. 

In Christian homes it is different. Girls 
are sent to school and educated to become 
useful women as well as good housekeepers 
and home-makers. Some are educated to 
be doctors or nurses, school-teachers or 
Bible women, but most of all, home ideals 
are emphasized. 

Christian parents do not have their girls 
married while so young, and when they are 

old enough for marriage they have the 
right to say " yes " or " no " to the young 
man who asks for them. 

So there is a great difference between 
Christian and non-Christian girls. With- 
out Jesus Christ in their homes there is no 
real joy of home life. We can all help our 
sisters in far-away India to know this joy. 
We can all pray for them and give of our 
money to help them, while some can have 
the ^great joy of going to them and teach- 
ing them. 

Trotwood, Ohio. 

"Let's Go Play" 

Ella Ebbert 

COME on, let's go play." How often 
have yo\i said that? You do not 
know? Well, of course not; why 
should you? My Indian girls do not know 
how often they have said it, either. That 
being true, it is just a sign that all of us 
like to play, isn't it? For you know wher- 
ever found girls are girls the world around. 
Now, what do they play? That is what 
you would like to know, is it not? Well, 
in the first place I think what they really 
like to play best is keeping house. They 
make only two rooms in their houses, one 
for sleeping and one for cooking and eat- 
ing. Their veranda or porch is their draw- 
ing room. They do not have much furni- 
ture to make, for all poor people in this 
country have only very little. So they 
make their beds by spreading a little rag on 
the floor, and then put their dollies to 
bed and cover them with another little rag. 
If they do not have a dolly 
that some of you girls have 
sent them they make one out 
of something. They make 
their little low stove and all 
of their different kinds of 
cooking and eating vessels 
out of clay, and when they 
are through playing they put 
them away to play with next 
time. When they have guests 
they give them some nice 
baked mud bread, not mud 
pie, because they do not 
know anything about it, and 

table and water for tea. Then they like to 
play getting married. One day they called 
me over to their playground. They said 
they were having a wedding and wanted me. 
to see it. They went through the whole 
ceremony just as the Hindus do. 

They have lots of different kinds of games 
that they like to play. Do you know what 
they are playing in the picture? It is a 
game played just like London bridge, but 
they sing a different song to it. They sing 
a song which when translated into English 
is something like this: 

" Oh, see, a thief has robbed my friend, my friend 
What did he steal from my friend, my friend? 
Eighty dollars from my friend, my friend. 
Who will give eighty dollars to my friend? 
I will give eighty dollars to my friend." 

Then there is a game something like 
your drop the handkerchief game; they call 
their game " Rat." They do not stand in 
a circle as you do, but they sit in a circle 

some kind of grass for vege- 

Playing a Game Similar to London Bridge 



The Missionary Visitor 


and when the handkerchief is dropped be- 
hind a certain one she has to run and try- 
to catch the one who dropped it. If she 
catches her she is a rat, and is out of the 
game and has to sit inside the circle, while 
the rest go on with the game. They play 
blindman's buff, much like you play it. 
But it goes by quite a different name; 
" Frog," they call it. If you are chosen 
and the one choosing guesses who you 
are, then you are a frog and are out of the 

They have many other games, but they 
are so different from yours that they would 
be hard to explain. This is enough for 
this time, and maybe some other time I 
will tell you about their work, for they do 
work, too. They do not play all the time. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist. 


(Continued from Page 24) 

cept out of doors, and when the ground 
was wet it wasn't good for me." 

Esther: "I was a little beggar girl, too. 
My stepmother didn't want me. One day 
when I came to the mission bungalow to 
beg, Missie Saheb asked me if I wanted to 
live with the girls, where I would 'have 
plenty to eat. Of course I said yes, for 
who in India does not give eating first 
place! But after I was here awhile the old 
desire to beg was so strong I ran off. I 
found an old rag heap, so I took off my 
good clothes and hid them and put on the 
rag and was begging when I was found. 
Now I wonder why I ever wanted to run 

Nanu: "You see I am almost blind. I 
am so sorry, because I like so well to read." 

Miss Saheb: "Well, now I feel like I 
know nearly all of you. I must be going 

Yumona: "I wish you could stay and 
eat bread with us. This is my turn to 
make the bread." 

All: "Salaam, Miss Saheb." 

Vada, Thana Dist. 

Send all money for China Famine Relief 
to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 


(Continued from Page 23) 

thirteen miles north and east of Ping Ting, 
where they also found famine conditions 
very severe. Hundreds of people .have al- 
ready grown very weak, and unless food 
is soon given many are doomed to die. 
This means that thousands upon thousands 
in the Ping Ting district are facing starv- 
ation within the next few months. 

In helping these hungry people our mis- 
sionaries find it best to give those who are 
able to work something to do to earn their 
food, and at present the compound in the 
east suburb of the city of Ping Ting is 
employing about twenty-eight such men in 
doing work on the compound. 

The governor of Shansi, Mr. Yen, of Tai 
Yuan Fu, visited the city of Ping Ting Oct. 
8, investigating famine conditions. Long 
processions of school-children and students 
met him outside the city. Each school, in- 
cluding our own, carried its banner. He 
stopped before each banner, inquiring about 
the school. Before he left the city he gave 
as a gift $500 to the school-children of the 
city. Our girls' school at Ping Ting bought 
a hectograph to be used in the school, and 
the rest they gave to the poor. 

The schools at all our stations are full 
to overflowing — more so than usual be- 
cause of the famine conditions, and though 
the famine is not nearly so serious at and 
around Liao, our boys' school has nearly 
200 pupils in it and others wanting to come. 
At Ping Ting the women's school has now 
nearly 100 women — a remarkable fact when 
we consider the past seclusion of the wom- 
en of China. The industrial work of the 
school, in face of the famine situation, has 
brought many of the women who otherwise 
might have not come. But what an oppor- 
tunity it affords the missionaries to reach 
the women of China with better things 
than they hitherto have known! Sister 
Shock has her hands full looking after this 
large company of women. 

In 'the girls' school at Liao a Christian 
Endeavor Society has been organized for 
(Continued on Page 32) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Correction: — See December Visitor: Under China 
Famine Relief, contribution of North Bethel Aid So- 
ciety, North Mo., $35.00, should instead have ap- 
peared under India Boarding School. 

During November, the Board sent out 10,753 pages 
of tracts. The following contributions to the Board's 
funds were received during November: 

Alabama— $10.00 

Congregation: Oneonta, $ 10 00 

California— $25.00 

Southern District, Individual: Mrs. B. S. 
Kindig, 25 00 

Canada— $50.00 

Individual: S. M. Burger, 50 00 

Colorado— $48.60 

Northeastern District, Congregation: 

Bethel, 48 60 

Idaho— $10.00 

Individuals: Brother and Sister Sheets,.. 10 00 

Illinois— $91.00 

Northern District, Individual: L. S. Shive- 
ly (M. N.), 50 

Southern District, Individual: J. A. 
Smeltzer, 50c (M. N.) ; Sunday-school: Gir- 

ard, $90 90 50 

Indiana— $2.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Eng- 
lish Prairie 2 00 

Iowa— $194.45 

Middle District, Congregation: Panther 
Creek, 50 00 

Northern District, Congregation: Ivester, 144 45 
Kentucky— $11.00 

Congregation: Wolf Creek, 1100 

Kansas— $1,032.89 

Northeastern District, Individuals: J. W. 
Mosier, $10; W. B. Devilbiss, 50c (M. N ; >... 10 50 

Northwestern District, Congregation: 
Maple Grove, 21 55 

Southwestern District, Individuals: Es- 
tate of Regina Harnish (deceased), $981.25; 
Regina Harnish (deceased), $19.09; H. A. 

Frantz, 50c (M. N.), 1,000 84 

Maryland — $0.50 

Eastern District, Individual: Geo. A. Ear- 
ly (M. N.) 50 

Michigan— $7.50 

Individuals: Peter B. Messner, 50c (M. 
N.); H. A. Weller, 50c (M. N.); Jacob Slon- 
iker, 50c; Emily G. Wenzel, $2; G. Sprang, 

$4, f 750 

Missouri— $175.00 

Middle District, Individuals: P. C. Peter- 
son, $45; Effie Long, $130 175 00 

Nebraska— $42.66 

Congregation, $12.50; Sunday-school: 
South Beatrice, $8.26; Union Service at 

Stanford, Nebr., $21.90, 42 66 

New Mexico— $5.00 

Individuals: Samuel Weimer and Wife,.. 5 00 

North Dakota— $5.00 

Congregation: Turtle Mountain, 5 00 

Ohio— $59.20 

Northeastern District, Congregation: W. 
Nimishillen, $30; Individuals: D. R. McFad- 
den, 50c (M. N.); Mrs. N. A. Sclirock, $15, 45 50 

Southern District, Congregation: Beaver 

Creek, 13 70 

Pennsylvania— $430 .52 

Eastern District, Congregation: Lititz, 
$43.33; Sunday-school: Palmyra, $114.66, .... 157 99 

Middle District, Congregations: 28th St. 

Altoona, $14.45; Woodbury, $33.84; Martins- 
burg. $30.11; Individuals: T. T. Myers, 50c 
(M. N.); Phoebe Zook (deceased), $182.50, .. 261 40 

Southern District, Individual: W. B. Har- 
lacher, 100 

Western District, Individual: N. H. 
Blough, 50c; Sunday-school: Pleasant Hill, 

$9.63, 10 13 

South Dakota— $2.60 

Individual: J. A. Buck 2 60 

Tennessee— $28.48 

Congregations: Piney Flats, $3.40; Mid- 
way, $1.50; Bailey Grove, $10; Miola, $5; 

Individual: Mrs. Sue M. Young, $8.58, 28 48 

Virginia— $15.00 

Second District, Individual: J. F. Ross, 10 00 

Southern District, Individual: Mrs. Nanie 

Sutphin 5 00 

Wisconsin — $5.00 

Individual: Clement Bontrager 5 00 

West Virginia— $13.20 

First District, Individual: Geo. Leather- 
man, $5; Sunday-school: Tearcoat, $8.20, .. 13 20 
Transferred from the Forward Movement, 4,994 70 

Total for the month, $ 7.259 30 

Total previously reported, 50,682 95 

Total for the year, $57,942.25 

Illinois — $25.00 

Northern District, Individual: C. L. Keith, 25 00 

Indiana — $25.00 

Middle District, Individual: " In memory 
of my dear daughter Effie who departed 
this life one year ago — Nov. 12, 1919," Leah 

E. Overholser 25 00 

Missouri— $3.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Smith 

Fork, 3 00 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Individuals: Josiah Lehman and Wife, .. 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $103.25 

Middle District, Individuals: Phoebe Zook 
(deceased), $91.25; Simon Steele, $2, 93.25 

Southern District, Individual: D. E. 

Brown 10 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 21.55 

Total for the month, $ 187 80 

Total previously reported, 1,58186 

Total for the year, $ 1,769.66 

Maryland— $35.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school: Wood- 
berry, 35 00 

Ohio— $38.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals: Wil- 
lard and Mary Moore 25 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Class 

No. 7, Pitsburg 13 00 

Pennsylvania— $152.53 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools: Indian 
Creek, $32; Daniel Myer's Boys' Class, Bare- 
ville, Conestoga, $16, 48 00 

Southeastern District, Christian Work- 
ers: 1st Philadelphia, 79 50 

Western District, Christian Workers: 
Junior Mission Band, $18.68; Sunday-school: 

George's Creek, $6.35, 25 03 

Virginia— $71.25 

First District, Boys and Girls of the 
Blackwater Chapel Vacation Bible School, 1 25 


The Missionary Visitor 


Northern District, Aid Society: E. Mill 

Creek, $35; Western Mill Creek, $35, 70 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 187 50 

Total for the month, $ 484 28 

Total previously reported, 4,734 70 

12 50 

550 00 

Total for the month, $ 612 50 

Total previously reported, 3,422 90 

Total for the year, $ 4,035 40 

California— $100.00 

Southern District, Individual: J. J. Beck- 


Iowa— $30.00 

Middle District, Sunday-school: Garrison, 

Kansas— $30.00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school: 
Onward Circle Class, Sabetha, 

100 00 
30 00 

Maryland— $5.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school: Edge- 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 

30 00 

•5 00 
87 50 

Total for the month $ 252 50 

Total previously reported, 2,088 33 

Total for the year, $ 2,340 83 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 00 

Total previously reported 173 29 

Total for the year, $ 193 29 

Indiana — $14.64 

Middle District, Congregation: Hunting- 
ton City, 14 64 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 5 00 

19 64 
449 34 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, f . 

Total for the year $ 468 98 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 25 00 

Total for the month $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 925 60 

Total for the year, $ 950 60 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 32 00 

Total for the month, $ 32 00 

Total previously reported, 927 00 

Total for the year, $ 959 00 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 400 00 

Total for the month $ 400 00 

Total previously reported 400 00 

Total for the year, $ 800 00 

Total for the year, $ 5,218 98 

Indiana— $37.50 

Middle District, Individual: Lona Swihart, 25 00 

Northern District, Individual: O. L. Har- 

ley 12 50 

Kansas— $12.50 

Southwestern District, Christian Work- 
ers: Larned, 12 50 Run 

West Virginia— $12.50 

Second District, Sunday-school: Bean's 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 38 00 

Total for the month, $ 38 00 

Total previously reported, 40 00 

Total for the year, $ 

Indiana— $5.00 

Northern District, Individual: Elsie Hum- 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Individual: J. E. Young, 

Maryland— $70.80 

Middle District, Congregation: Welsh 

78 00 

5 00 
5 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 

70 80 
76 25 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

157 05 
1,623 17 

Total for the year, $ 1,780 22 

California— $37.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Mis- 
sionary Class, Covina, 

Indiana— $50.00 

Middle District, Individual: M. A. Barn- 

Kansas— $18.00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school: 

Onward Circle Class, Sabetha, 

Michigan— $15.00 

Congregation: Elmdale, 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 

37 00 

50 00 

18 00 

15 00 
291 75 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

411 75 
1 632 41 

Total for the year, $ 2,044 16 

Virginia— $0.75 

First District, Boys . and Girls of the 
Blackwater Chapel Vacation Bible School, 75 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 52 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

California— $30.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Elde» 

Sisters' Bible Class, Glendora, 

Virginia— $0.75 

First District, Boys and Girls of the 
Blackwater Chapel Vacation Bible School, 
Transferred from the Forward Movement, 

53 25 
429 02 

482 27 

30 00 

22 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Colorado— $2.50 

Western District, Individual: Mrs. J. W. 


Cuba— $392.25 

Memorial to Omaja, Cuba, Church 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 

Total for the month, :$ 

Total previously reported, 

53 25 
233 35 

286 60 

2 50 

392 25 
61 19 

455 94 
1,694 19 

Total for the year, $ 2,150 13 

Colorado— $2.50 

Western District, Individual: Mrs. J. W. 

Trissel, 2 5U 

Illinois— $50.00 

Southern District, Christian Workers: 
La Place, 50 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 61 19 

Total for the year, $ 113 69 

Total previously reported, 1,450 69 

Total for the year, $ 1,564 38 

Indiana— $27.41 

Middle District, Congregation: Pleasant 
View, $20.25; Sunday-school: Gleaners Class, 

Pleasant View, $7.16, 27 41 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 96 00 

Total for the month, $ 123 41 

Total previously reported, 476 17 

Total for the year, $ 599 58 

Alabama — $6.00 

Individuals: A Brother and two Sisters 
of Blountsville, 6 00 

Arizona— $185.00 

Congregation: Glendale, $170; Individuals: 
A Brother and Sister, $15, 185 00 

Arkansas— $23.00 

Individuals: Cora Fiant, $10; W. P. and 
Anna Fiant, $3; Mrs. R. R. Fiant, $5; Ola 
Fiant, $5, 23 00 

California— $984.12 

Northern District, Aid Society: Raisin, 
$10; Christian Workers: Golden Gate Mis- 
sion, $6.84; Congregation: Bethel, $75; In- 
dividuals: D. S. Musselman, $6.15; "A Sis- 
ter," $10; Sunday-school: Golden Gate, $70, 177 99 

Southern District, Christian Workers: La 
Verne Junior, $1.48; Congregations: Ingle- 
wood, $97.15; Pasadena, $350; Inglewood, 
$26.70; Santa Ana, $34.20; Individuals: J. J. 
Beckner, $100; Mrs. B. S. Kindig, $25; Cath- 
arine L. Yundt, $5.50; Mrs. V. P. Carpenter, 
$5; Enoch G. Skinner, $1; " Civil War Vet- 
eran " of Long Beach, $1; Lulu N. Miller 
and daughter, $8; D. E. Lyons, $1; La Verne 
College, 10c; Lovina Horning, $10; Emma 
Horning, $30; Mrs. Alice Vaniman, $5; 
Ernest D. Vaniman, $50; Sunday-school: 

Missionary Class, Covina, $55, 806 13 

Canada— $237.10 

Congregations: Redcliff Mission, $9.50; 
Bow Valley, $92; Irricana, $110.60; Individ- 
uals: Mr. and Mrs. Walter S. Ullery, $25,.. 237 10 
Colorado— $198.87 

Northeastern District, Congregation: Col- 
orado Springs, 33 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation: 

Rocky Ford, 165 87 


Congregations: Sebring, $66.50; Sebring, 
$112; Individuals: J. A. Miller and Wife, $25, 203 50 
Idaho— $75.00 

Congregation: Weiser, $27; Individuals: 
J. L. and Emma Thomas, $5; N. Hunt and 
Daughter, $15; L. H. Eby, $5; Jacob Roesch, 
$5; W. H. Sisler, $5; John Jackson, $5; R. 
J. Crill, $2.50; Melvin Roesch, $2; John 
Roesch, $2; C. R. Snider, $1; C. R. Rymar- 

son, 50c, 75 00 

Illinois— $1,773.68 

Northern District, Aid Societies: Elgin, 
$10; Waddams Grove, $25; Congregations: 
Franklin Grove, $249.30; Waddams Grove, 
$36.39; Mt. Carroll, $23; Batavia, $91.46; Mt. 
Morris, $144; Individuals: H. A. Claybaugh, 
$1.25; Ezra Lutz and Wife, $5; Little L. 
Myers, $10; "Unknown donor," $3; "A 
Friend," $5; Golda Swartz, $15; Sarah Boy- 
er, $5; Sunday-schools: Franklin Grove, 
$72.21; Yellow Creek, $45; Polo, $160; Chicago 
Chinese, $32; Victorious Soldiers Class, 
Waddams Grove, $10.10; Bethany Volunteer 
Band, $6, 948 71 

Southern District, Aid Society: Centen- 
nial, $50; Congregations: Girard, $98.82; 
Okaw, $208.60; Cerro Gordo, $390.55; Indi- 
viduals: "A Sister," $10; Mrs. R. A. Forney, 

$5; S. G. Bucher, $25; M. Flory, $5; John J. 
Swartz and Wife, $21; Mary E. Weller, $10; 

Receipt No. 48780, $1, 

Indiana— $2,118.62 

Middle District, Aid Societies: Sugar 
Creek, $10; Manchester, $25; Congregations: 
Pleasant View, $20.26; Pleasant Dale, $61.33; 
Manchester, $236.50; West Manchester, $100; 
West Manchester, $50; Huntington City, 
$20.35; Flora, $96; Bachelor Run, $31.83; 
Peru, $72; Individuals: M. A. Barnhart, 
$50; Elmina, and Laura Eckman, $11; Mrs. 
Lottie Hummel, $2; Samuel Funderburg, 
Elmina and Laura Eckman, $20; Mr. and 
Mrs. M. D. Winger, $10; Martha A. Mar- 
quart, $2; E. P. Tridle, $5; Ralph E. Cook, 
$20; Sunday-school: Gleaners Class, Pleas- 
ant View, $7.16, 

Northern District, Aid Societies: Goshen 
City, $10; Shipshewana, $5; Christian Work- 
ers: Shipshewana, $14.37; Congregations: 
Bethel, $88.75; Elkhart City, $94.63} English 
Prairie, $50; Walnut, $65.17; Goshen City, 
$170; Rock Run, $26.20; Topeka, $14; Fleas- 
ant Valley, $31.38; Center, $28.55; Rock Run, 
$91.04; West Goshen, $40.47; English Prairie, 
$20; Individuals: Levi Zumbrun, $25; Elmer 
Herr, $1; "A Sister," $5; J. H. Berkey, $10; 
Marie Shively, $10, 

Southern District, Aid Societies: New 
Bethel, $15; White Branch, $15; Brick, $15; 
Christian Workers: Locust Grove, $25; Con- 
gregations: Buck Creek, $47.52; Indian- 
apolis, $78; Fairview, $73.85; Nettle Creek, 
$122.14; Indianapolis, $7; Four Mile, $44; In- 
dividuals: Mattie Mathews, $5; Sunday- 
schools: New Bethel, $15; Little Sunbeam 

Class, Anderson, $5.12, 

Iowa— $1,118.18 

Middle District, Aid Society: Dallas Cen-. 
ter, $25; Christian Workers: Panther Creek, 
$15.31; Congregations:' Panther Creek, 
$89.11; Dallas Center, $74.26; Dry Creek, 
$53.25; Cedar Rapids, $101.20; Iowa River, 
$15.40; Individuals: A. E. West, $5; C. H. 
Erb and Wife, $25; A Brother and Sister of 
Maxwell Congregation, $10; Rebecca C. Mil- 
ler, $3; A Friend, $10; A Sister, $2; Sunday- 
schools: Panther Creek, $55.58; Yale. $25,.. 

Northern District, Aid Society: Curlew, 
$10; Congregation: Grundy County, $187.75; 
Curlew, $34.10; Grundy County, $154; 
Greene, $14.50; Individual: Mrs. Eli New- 
some, $5; Sunday-school: Greene, $26.34, .... 

Southern District, Aid Society: Fairview, 
$10; Congregations: Fairview, $90; English 
Prairie, $41.93; Individuals: L. E. and E. E. 
Buzzard, $15.75; S. Schlotman, $8; Sunday- 
school: Mt. Etna, $11.70 

Kansas— $600.08 

Northeastern District, Aid Society: Mor- 
rill, $25; Congregations: Ottawa, $31.96; 
Lawrence, $52\47; Ottawa, $37.01; Sabetha, 
$31.50; Union Services held at Overbrook, 
$10.18; Individuals: Sadie Eavey, $15; H. W. 
Behrens, $1; John B. Beckner, $50; Sunday- 
schools: Appanoose, $16; Overbrook, $34.58, 

Northwestern District, Individuals: I. B. 
Garst, $10; Lydia A. Humphrey, $3; I. B. 
Garst, $5; D. F. Bowman, $25 

Southeastern District, Congregations: 
Chanute, $25; Verdigris, $40; Individual: 
Lizzie K. Hahn, $5; Sunday-school: Scott 
Valley, $14.25, 

Southwestern District, Congregations: 
Newton, $25; Monitor, $105.04; West Wich- 
ita, $28.09; Individuals: Eli Stoops, $5; Katie 

Yost, $5, 

Louisiana— $50.00 

Congregation: Roanoke, 

Maryland— $912.82 

Eastern District, Aid Society: New Wind- 
sor, $25; Congregations: West Point, $1; 
Monocacy, $100; Baltimore, Fulton Ave., 
$16; West Point. $6.70; Denton, $36.86; Indi- 
viduals i Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Gildmacher, $8; 
Sunday-schools: Woodberry, $180; Meadow 

824 97 

850 43 

800 56 

467 63 

509 11 

431 69 

177 38 

304 70 

43 00 

84 25 

168 13 
50 00 



The Missionary Visitor 


Branch, $250 623 56 

Middle District, Aid Society: Maugans- 
ville, $20; Congregations: Pleasant View, 
$125; Manor, $87.34; Individuals: Receipt No. 
49204, $10; Harry K. Zeller, $10; Sunday- 
school: Willing Workers' Class, Pleasant 
View, $5 257 34 

Western District, Congregation: Bear 
Creek, $21.92; Individuals: Mr. and Mrs. D. 

F. Warner, $10, ■ 31 92 

Michigan— $190.40 

Congregations: Beaverton, $17.40; Long 
Lake, $25; Beaverton, $14; Thornapple, $100; 
Individuals: Mrs. John Easterday, $5; A 
Brother and Sister of Ross, $1; Dr. C. M. 

Mote, $25; Amanda Wertenberger, $3, 190 40 

Minnesota — $33.26 

Congregations: Hancock, $26; Lewiston, 

$7.26, 33 26 

Missouri— $468.31 

Middle District, Aid Society: South War- 
rensburg, $5; Congregations: South War- 
rensburg, $24.20; Happy Hill, $12.15; War- 
rensburg, $50.60; Individuals: James M. 
Mohler, $10; Elda Gauss, $5; Mrs. Salinda 
Gauss, $5; J. H. Fahnestock and Wife Lulu, 
$25; Mrs. John Moats, $5; Sunday-school: 
Adrian, $28.79; South Warrensburg, $10; 
Primary Dept., Mineral Creek, $2 182 74 

Northern District, Congregations: Smith 
Fork, $57.25; Wakenda, $109.93; North Beth- 
el, $92.75, 259 83 

Southern District, Individual: Asro Bre- 
shears # 5 74 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school: 

Cabool, 20 00 

Nebraska— $58.00 

Congregation: Alvo, $12; Individuals: 
Maggie Vandertolk, $1; A. Phillips and 
Family, $25; Susal Roelofsz, $10; Mrs. 

Nancy Miller, $10 50 00 

New Mexico — $40.63 

Congregation: Clovis, $36.28; Individuals: 
Samuel Weimer and Wife, $3; Sunday- 
school: Primary Department, Clovis, $1.35, 40 63 
North Dakota— $45.55 

Congregations: Egeland, $25; Surrey, 
$10.55; Individual: Mrs. Mary Weaver, $10, 45 55 

Ohio— $1,922.28 

Northeastern District, Aid Societies: 
Black River, $50; Jonathan Creek, $60; 
Congregations: Hartville, $101; Greenwood, 
$25; Canton Center. $164.40; New Philadel- 
phia, $17.50; Cleveland Mission. $11; Indi- 
viduals: Louisa Burkhart, $5; Samuel Fel- 
ler, $6; Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Schrock, $50; 
Hannah Longanecker, $5; S. Longanecker, 
$5; " Friends," $5; A Brother, $3; Mrs. Geo. 
W. Lauver, $4; A Brother and Sister of 
Black River Congregation. $60; E. I. Ober, 
$25.25; Sunday-schools: Wingfoot Corners. . 
$20; Cleveland Mission, $6; E. Chippewa, 
$35; Intermediate S. S. Class, Canton Cen- 
ter, $10 668 15 

Northwestern District, Aid Society: 
Greenspring, $25; Congregations: Bak "r. 
$14.39; Fostoria. $50; Eagle Creek, $118.74; 
Richland, $150; Loaran, $60; Individuals: Mrs. 
Asenath Baker, $5; J. O. Lentz. $10; R. J. 
Koogler and Wife, $50; Revere Koogler, $5; 
Daniel Bock, $10; P. F. Dukes, $5; C. E. 
Burns, $5; Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Rosenberger, 
$6; Sunday-schools: Tunior Girls of Pleasant 
View, $20; South Poplar Ridge, $50; Old 
Folks' Home of Fostoria, $13 597 13 

Southern District. Congregations: Sug- 
ar Hill, $64.13; Brookville, $10; West Char- 
leston, $60; Ludlow, $14; Brookville, $70.83; 
Union City, $27.50; Bradford. $10; Prices 
Creek, $46; Individuals: W. C. Grossnickle. 
$25; Katie Beath, $2; Russell Helman and 
Wife, $10; Receipt No. 49085, $5; Julia A. 
Gilbert. $1; W. E. Klinger, $50; Ina M. 
Erbaugh. $32; Sunday-schools: Wheatville, 
$15; Bethel, $156.74; Donnels Creek, $41.70; 

Class No. 7, Pitsburg, $16.10, 657 00 

Oklahoma— $27.50 

Congregation: Elk City, $7.50; Individuals: 

Catharine Leer, $5; I. B. Niswander and 

Wife, $5; Josiah Lehman and Wife, $10,.... 27 50 

Oregon— $124.46 

Christian Workers: Bandon. $22.16; Wes- 
ton, $21.30; Congregations: Mabel, $10; Port- 
land. $64; Sunday-schools: Mt. Pleasant, 

$3; King's Daughters Class, Bandon, $4 124 46 

Pennsylvania— $2,468.47 

Eastern District, Congregations: Harris- 
burg, $20; West Greentree, $110.19; Individ- 
ual: Linda B. Huber, $5; Sunday-schools: 
Frystown, $1; Sunshine Class, Indian Creek, 
$7; Lancaster, $177.31, 320 50 

Middle District, Congregations: Wood- 
bury, $108.80; Martinsburg, $103.54; New En- 
terprise, $22.30; Dry Valley, $18.72; Yellow 
Creek, $53.25; Individuals: A Brother and 
Family, $100; J. H. Sell, $50; Elizabeth Stay- 
er Sell, $10; Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Kauffman, 
$10; Elizabeth Brumbaugh, $2; Sunday- 
schools: ClOVer Creek, $16.80; Snyder Cross 
Roads, $10 ; Queen, $25, 530 41 

Southern District, Aid Societies: Mechan- 
icsburg, $5; Hanover, $15; Congregations: 
Marsh Creek, $17.07; Lost Creek, $94.23; 
Lower Cumberland, $63.25; Ridge, $25; Ship- 
pensburg, $43.50; Antietam, $25.70; York, 
$206.35; Antietam, $217.90; Hanover. $35; In- 
dividuals: A Sister, $2; Receipt No. 49136, 
$5; Mrs. Otelia Hereter, $1; J. B. Asper and 
Family, $15; Nora Sieber Sansman, $10; Mrs. 
B. F. Lebo, $5; C. A. Snider, $5; Vera F. 
Sellers. $4; Albert Hollinger, $10; Sunday- • 
schools: Hampton, $15; Pleasant Hill, $34.50; 
Mission Study Class, York Congregation, 
$33 887 50 

Southeastern District, Congregations: 
First Philadelphia, $20; Parkerford, $37.25; 
Individual: R. L. Howe, $50, 107 25 

Western District, Aid Society: Geiger, 
$10; Christian Workers: Berkey, $7; Manor 
junior Mission Band, $18.68; Congregations: 
Rummel, $128.67; Viewmont, $40; Middle 
Creek (Pike), $53; Ligonier (Waterford), 
$32.75; Middle Creek, $47.50; Individuals: N. 
H. Blough, $25; Mrs. Annie M. Garber, $3; 
A Sister, $10; Father, Mother, Son and 
Grandson, T. Q:. K. H„ Lee L., and Robert 
I. Kimmel, $11; W. H. Blough and Wife. 
$10; Daniel Maust and Wife, $10; Eliza 
Sweitzer, $50; J. L. Weaver, $10; Chas. L. 
Cox, $5; Mr. and Mrs. R. C. McMillen, $2; 
Frank B. Myers, $3; Sunday-schools: Ray- 
man, $56.26; Waterford, $35; Pleasant Hill 

S. S. and Congregation, $54.95, 

South Dakota— $57.55 

Congregation: Willow Creek, 

Tennessee— $37.50 

Congregation: New Hope. $25.50; Individ- 
uals: W. C. Young and Wife, $12, 

Texas— $1.00 

Individual: Lenora Sanders, 

Virginia— $1,221.41 

Eastern District, Aid Society: Midland. 
$10; Christian Workers: Nokesville, $19.75; 
Congregations: Trevilian, $8; Fairfax, 
$97.55; Fairfax, $73.12; Individuals: Novilla 
E. Utz, $5; Mrs. Houtas Utz, $10; Mary E. 
F'ouester, $10; Brentsville Young People 
Union, $62.35; Sunday-school: Oakton, $25. 320 77 

First District, Aid Societies: Daleville, 
$10; Roanoke, $25; Individuals: Mrs. Naivv 
Harter, $10; Eld. D. C. Moomaw, $25; C. D. 
Hylton, $5 75 00 

Northern District. Aid Society: Unity. 
$20; Congregations: Mt. Zion, $12.50; Mill 
Creek, $205; Individuals: Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Stultz. $3; Sunday-schools: Garbers, 
$50; Salem, $30; Unity, $98.87; Cedar Run, 
$20.21 439 58 

Second District, Aid Society: Oak Grove. 
$30; Congregations: Bridgewater, $10; San- 
gerville, $90; White Hill, $13; Bridgewater, 
$105.82; Individuals: A Sister of Lebanon 
Congregation, $1; Chas. B. Gibbs, $5; John 
D. Wampler, $1, 255 82 

Southern District, Aid Society: Topeco, 
$5; Topeco, $5; Congregations: Valley Beth- 
el, $21.10; Antioch, $85; Newport, $14.14, .... 130 24 

622 81 

57 55 

37 50 

1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Washington— $226.00 

Christian Workers: E. Wenatchee, $189; 
Individuals: S. S. Sanger, $2; Susie E. Re- 
ber, $10; James Wagoner and Wife, $25, .... 226 00 
West Virginia— $25.00 

First District, Individual: Lillie C. Moore, 5 00 

Second District, Individuals: G. W. An- 

non, $10; J. F. Ross, $10, 20 00 

Wisconsin— $32.66 

Congregations: Amberg, $3.80; Chippewa 
Valley, $3.86; Individuals: J. M. Fruit, $20; 
W. S. Stroup, $5, 32 66 

Relief and Reconstruction Committee, .. 500 00 

Total for the month $15,965 95 

Total previously reported, 11,748 26 

Total for the year, $ 27,714 21 

California— $5.00 

Southern District, Individual: Mrs. Alice 
Vaniman, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 60 00 

Total for the year, $ 65 00 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 2 50 

Total- for the month, $ 2 50 

Total previously reported, 1,013 90 

Total for the year, $ 1,016 40 

Indiana— $2,206.50 

Middle District, Students and Faculty of 

Manchester College, 2,206 50 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 1,000 00 

Total for the month, $ 3,206 50 

Total previously reported, 5,097 47 

Total for the year, $ 8,303 97 

Pennsylvania— $6.00 

Eastern District, Congregation: Ephrata, 6 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 309 60 

Total for the month, $ 315 60 

Total previously reported, 86 00 

Total for the year, $ 401 60 

Idaho— $14.00 

Aid Society: Moscow, 14 00 

Illinois— $82.00 

Aid Societies of No. 111. and Wis. 82 00 

Kansas— $54.20 

Aid Societies of Northwestern Kansas 
and Northeastern Colorado, 14 00 

Aid Societies of Southwestern Kansas 

and Southeastern Colorado, 40 20 

Ohio— $2.00 

Southern District, Aid Society: Brook- 

ville 2 00 

Virginia— $80.00 

Northern District, Aid Society: Dayton, 

$40; West Mill Creek, $40, 80 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 370 90 

Total for the month $ 603 10 

Total previously reported, 1,669 07 

Total for the year, $ 2,272 17 

Illinois — $5.00 

Southern District, Individual: A Sister,. 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $3.00 

Middle District, Individuals: John and 
Eleanor Brumbaugh, 3 00 

Total for the month $ 8 00 

Total previously reported, 11 00 

Total for the year, $ 19 00 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 322 50 

Total for the month $ 322 50 

Total previously reported, 1,478 39 

Total for the year $ 1,800 89 


Rocky Ford Church, $ 43 22 


Bethany Bible School, 84 50 


Mexico Cong., $10; Elkhart S. S., $25; 

Pleasant Hill Church, $52.29, 87 29 


R. O. Boone, McPherson, 5 00 


New Windsor Aid Society, 25 00 


Midway S. S., 60 00 

Total for the month of November $ 305 01 


(Continued from Page 27) 

the,past year, and at Ping Ting in the girls' 
school they have now an organized Y. W. 
C. A. These societies are proving very 
beneficial to the schools, especially in 
teaching the girls to be helpful to others. 
On Sunday afternoons they get out and 
help teach in the homes, and some take 
charge of the smaller children and assist 
in entertaining them. Some are ushers for 
the Sunday meetings, and are of service in 
greeting and getting strangers and others 
seated. Our Sunday-schools are very large, 
and many children as well as grown people 
are now hearing the gospel message in the 
Sunday-school class each week. At Ping 
Ting the regular Sunday-school each Sun- 
day morning numbers about 400, and in the 
kindergarten Sunday-school, held by the 
larger schoolgirls on Sunday afternoon in 
various parts of the city, there are on an 
average more than a hundred pupils. 

As the month closes we are in the midst 
of a Bible Station class at Liao Chou. Each 
day and evening classes and services are 
held. On the coming Saturday we plan to 
have baptism and a love feast. We rejoice 
to have our visiting brethren with us for 
these services. 

In closing these notes we should not fail 
to mention that on Oct. 9 Margaret Evelyn 
Seese came to gladden the home of Brother 
and Sister Norman Seese. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Perm Laird. Va. 
OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md., 

General Director Forward Movement. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. II. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa- 

OTHO WINGER. Vice-President. tional Secretary. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer. M. R. ZIGLER. Home Mission Secretary. 
Editor, the Visitor. CLYDE M. CULP, Financial Secretary. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 



Villa Pax, Koldby, per 

Glasmire, W. E. 
Glasmire, Leah S. 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Esbensen, Niels 
*Esbensen, Christine 

Friisgatan No. 1, 
Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 
Graybill, Alice M. 

On Furlough 

Buckingham, Ida, Oakley, 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie F. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Metzger, Minerva 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 

Sollenberger, O. C. 

Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E. 
Horning, Dr. D. L. 
Horning, Martha Daggett 
Miller, Valley 
Smith, W. Harlan 
Smith, Frances Sheller 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie E. 
Flory, Raymond C. 
Flory, Lizzie N. 
Hutchison, Anna 
Pollock. Myrtle 
Seese, Norman A. 
Seese, Anna 
Senger, Nettie M. 
Wampler, Ernest M. 
Wampler, Vida M. 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Byron M. 
Flory, Nora 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Myers, Minor M. 
Myers, Sara Z. 
Schaeffer, Mary 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., No. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M., No. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Horning, Emma, 750 Mo- 
lino Ave., Long Beach, 

Vaniman, Ernest D., La 
Verne, Calif. 

Vaniman, Susie C., La 
Verne, Calif. 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
An'Icsvar, Broach Dist., 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold, Elizabeth 
Grisso, Lillian 
Lichty, D. J. 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Miller, A. S. B. 
Miller, Jennie B. 
Summer. Benjamin F. 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 
Blickenstaff. Mary B. 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Kingery, Pearl Blanche 
Kintner, Elizabeth 
Mohler, Jennie 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 
Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 
Ebbert, Ella 

Jalalpcr, Surat Dist., India 

Replogle, Sara^-G. 
Shumaker, Ida C. 

Novsari, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 
Forney, Anna M. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner. Kathryn B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Powell, Josephine 
Slmll, Chalmer G. 
Shull, Mary S. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Holsopple, Q. A. 
Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 
Long. I. S. 
Long, Erne V. 
Mow, Anetta 
Wagoner, J. Elmer 
Wagoner, Ellen H. 
On Furlough 

Cottrell. Dr. A. R., North 

Manchester, Ind. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., N. 

Manchester. Ind. 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, 

Emmert, Jesse B., Hunt- 
• ingdon. Pa. 
Emmert, Gertrude R., 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Kaylor, John I., Hunting- 
don, Pa. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 

Hill. Ohio 
Pittenger, Florence B., 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Royer, B. Mary, Richland, 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris. 111. 
Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 

Van Buren St., Chicago, 

Widdowson, Olive, 541 

Lexington Ave., N. Y. C. 

Phase Notice — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
*Native workers trained in America. 

♦ • 

The Mission Study Courses | 


(Select one of the following for your class study) ♦ 

Taking Men Alive, by Trumbull, $1.15 j 

A Better World, by Dennett, 1.50 

Christian Heroism, by Royer, 75 i 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by Price, 75 q 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit; ♦ 


Argonauts of Faith, by Matthews, 1.56 i 

Sadhu Sundar Singh, by Parker, 1.25 | 


♦ (The term Junior is inclusive of all between primary and adult age) 

Primary Folks at Mission Study, by Eisenbise,. $ .50 

Junior Folks at Mission. Study— China 68 ,| 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— India, by Berkebile, 60 


| (The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth, $ .66 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake, 75 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles 75 ], 

i Stories from Far Away, by Pierce and Northrop, 1.25 || 

Shepard of Aintab, by Riggs $ .75 

The Book of Personal Work, by Faris, 1.25 


For further information send for a free copy of the Mission Study Prospectus— V 

I- ^ 

ftaveral Mission. Board 

<§fdS* CHURCH tftfie BRETHREN -y 

^ « _„ • J 


The total amount of assets as of November 30, 1 920 we hold, and j 
backing every dollar invested with us for which we pay life j 

r- ad cw Get connected with a growing, "going concern"; besides, if 
od P-Vo> you want a thing well done do it yourself. 


H-» j < 

-z. co 

^ CO 


WHY let strangers administer your estate? 
WHY let strangers provide for your family? 
WHY let strangers pay your benevolences? 

Be Your Own Executor 


Write for Booklet V211 

general Mission Board 

\J <&<&> CHURCH <tf (fie BRETHREN "" 


♦ Elgin, Illinois 


Church of the 'Brethren 

h •• - r • - 

im&x ft I ^&JMM>#M*4*kl 4£;?l ^ & 


The Board's Deputation To Our Mission Fields Is Seated in the Group 



Februarys, 1921 

NOo 2 

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiii nmiiinniMinnmniii! " ■■■" ' ' ' ' ' ' 


The Missionary Visitor 


Subscription Terms 





The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- ♦ 

eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
•criptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. i 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. | 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When | 

asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 1 

ii possible under the same name as in the previous year. j 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. i 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of I 

October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. j 

Contents for February, 1921 



closing Days With the Missionaries, By J. H. B. Williams, 37 

The Forward Movement in Northern Wisconsin, By Clement Bon- 

trager, 42 

"A Certain Minister," 43 

"Young People Respond to Leadership," By Mrs. H. H. Helman. .. 43 

November India Notes, By Annetta Mow, 44 

Aid Society Work in Foreign Lands, By Mrs. S. L. Whisler, 45 

China Notes for November, By Anna M. Hutchison, 47 

Lynn A. Blickenstaff, By I. V. Funderburgh, 49 j 

Mary Brubaker Blickenstaff, By Edith Brubaker 50 




Chinese Girls, By Emma Horning 52 

Chinese Boys of North Central China, By Ernest D. Vaniman 54 


Volume XXIII 


No. 2 

^ ■ JfliiiiillilllllllllllllllllllllllllllM^^^^ 

Do -Your -Best Day 

Sunday, February 13, has been designated as a day on which we shall 
endeavor to " do our best " to meet all pledges made to the Forward Move- 
ment campaign of last year. The money is due and is needed and it is to be 
hoped that every individual, church, District and region will do its very 
best to reach one hundred per cent of the amount subscribed. Let the matter 
be presented in a loving, brotherly, considerate way, encouraging every one 
to do his best For the Lord's work " the best " is none too good. 

May we urge every local director also to do his best in seeing that at- 
tention is given to this urgent call? There have come changed conditions 
and it will be hard for some to meet their pledges. For some it may be im- 
possible. As brethren, may we " bear one another's burdens " and " do our 


Pause a minute, dear reader. We know 
you have been pursuing your work so in- 
dustriously that you have not had time to 
meditate and reflect on God's goodness and 
your relationship with him. What have you 
been doing to carry out the spirit of the 
two commandments that Jesus mentioned 
as the greatest; viz., the love of God and 
of thy neighbor? Yes, we have been busy, 
but as we pause to take stock of ourselves, 
what have we accomplished? Our playful 
kitten is busy with such work as chasing 
its tail, and rolling the spool over the floor. 
The old red hen is busy eating each day, 
but her eggs are few and far between. 
Neighbor A is hard-working and always 
busy (for himself). Few will miss him at 
his funeral. Miss B, styled a Sunday-school 
teacher, is fully active, but we have not 
known of her pupils accepting the Lord. 
In fact, their success in social functions 
interests her more. Pastor C's time is ful- 
ly taken in preparing splendid oratorical, 

exegetical pulpit messages which will merit 
favorable comment. He is sorry there is 
so little time to shepherd the flock and 
care for the spiritual life of the members. 
We will venture no farther. Toes might 
be tramped on and the reaction from that 
would likely cause commotion in the edi- 
torial rooms. We suggest you analyze your 
own activities, replacing the good with the 
best. \n\\\ v 

How many requests for prayer do you 
suppose come to the office of the editor 
daily? They have never been counted and 
we fear to make a guess. It has become 
the writer's established rule that no request 
of this nature go unheeded. At least in a 
sentence or two we breathe a petition in 
behalf of the need that is brought to our 
attention. We feel that this, however, is 
not sufficient, and we should do more, but 
there are limits to our time and ability, and 
further, we think the works of the kingdom 
should be divided as equally as possible 


The Missionary Visitor 


among those belonging to the kingdom. Of 
course you do not know these specific re- 
quests for prayer, but it is easy for us to 
suggest how you may be sure to catch some 
of them. Turn to the inside back cover of 
the Missionary Visitor and select from the 
list of missionary »names certain ones, and 
remember them at the throne of grace. 
You can pray still better if you follow them 
in their work by reading the news notes 
from the fields, and in other ways seek to 
know of their tasks. The missionary com- 
mittees often express their weaknesses and 
ask our help in prayer. How about the 
committees in your church? If perchance 
they are so inactive that you do not re- 
member their names there is a double rea- 
son why you should pray for them. Your 
pastor, Sunday-school superintendent, and 
all the local workers need to be remem- 
bered definitely. And will we be asking 
too much of your time if you pray for 
your unworthy servants, the General Mis- 
sion Board members and the workers in 
the office, including our secretary, who is 
now in India? We are sure you have done 
this, for many have said so, and most cer- 
tainly we have felt the strength of the Lord 
as most difficult tasks have been faced. 

Just a word further about our prayers. 
Perhaps our readers are not interested in 
the personal affairs of our office, but a 
touch now and then may not grow monot- 
onous. As Bro. Williams was leaving for 
his year abroad, and was casting his mantle 
on us who remain, I asked him to outline 
in general the various duties that should 
not be neglected, and at the conclusion of a 
very splendid little message to us he wrote 
the following paragraph which, if we quote, 
will not be displeasing to him: "In short, 
my brother, do your best. I know it will be 
all right. Cultivate the prayer life, but 
more than all, endeavor more than your un- 
worthy brother has been able to do, to ex- 
emplify the Christ-life. This talks so much 
louder than prayers." This bit of advice 
seems so good to me that I want to pass it 
on to you. The prayer-life without the 
rest of the Christ-life seems so flimsy. The 
Christ-life embodies the right proportion 
of the prayer-life. 

The China Famine Fund has now grown 

to $110,000. We feel to praise the Lord for 
his Spirit that has rested in the hearts of 
our church as this gift has been poured 
out. The fund is bound to increase, and 
the money certainly will not be given amiss. 
As this is written, in January, we are not 
stressing the appeal for more famine funds. 
If later advjces from China should make it 
advisable to continue stressing the call, of 
course you would be invited to give again. 
We have saved thousands of lives and they 
are now open to the Christian teaching. 
There are many Chinese who have doubted 
the sincerity of the missionaries. Some 
have felt that they are spies of the Amer- 
ican government. Others have believed 
they were in China for some purpose other 
than to teach religion. But now their lives 
have been saved; they have seen the stacks 
of grain that have been given to them 
when there was no financial gain to the 
givers. Further, the sacrifice of the mis- 
sionaries, and their willingness to enter 
places where filth and disease abound, have 
borne testimony stronger than any sermon 
we have ever heard preached that Chris- 
tianity is genuine and that there is no faith 
in the world that can compare with it. We 
now have money to save life, but if we are 
to enter this door that is wonderfully open 
we should be just as earnest in providing 
the funds to save souls as we were to save 
life. Unless more urgent calls come after 
this is written, we suggest that the money 
you contemplate giving for the famine suf- 
ferers might be contributed for mission 
work. At the last meeting of the General 
Mission Board more than half of the re- 
quests of the China Mission were turned 
down, and this because the money is not 
available. Some of us will be pinched to 
make the final payment on the Forward 
Movement pledges, but we are also pinched 
to pay that note which the bank holds. 
We intend to pay the latter in full, in spite 
of the difficulties involved. Shall we con- 
sider our pledges to the Lord any less 
sacred? The Forward Movement pledges 
should be paid in full at the Elgin office 
by the last day of February. This Visitor 
should reach you sometime before the 
middle of the month. If this reminds you 
of the unpaid portion of your pledge, 
wouldn't you feel better, and is it not pos- 


The Missionary Visitor 


sible in some way, for you to make final 
payment at once? Then your church treas- 
urer can remit to Elgin, so the money will 
reach here before the last day of the month. 
We ask this urgently, not alone for the 
honor that is to be found in keeping a 
promise given, but because the money must 
be received or the missionary program 
must be curtailed. The financial depression 
in our country is not severe enough to of- 
fer any excuse for the curtailment of our 
mission work. 

We are still in our year of evangelism. 
We hope this will be true as long as we 
function as human beings on this earth. 
This, however, is the year of special evan- 
gelism. How is it going at your place? 
What are our hopes, and are they being 
realized? We could wish that the church 
would increase by leaps and bounds, and 
that souls would be saved as rapidly as the 
proper shepherding of them would permit. 
The reports from the churches are encour- 
aging in many ways. It is manifest that 
there is a slight increase, as fruit of the 
regular evangelistic meetings. This is not 
as large as we dared to dream, but consid- 
ering the indifference in the world toward 
religion, and especially on the part of 
church members themselves, the reports re- 
ceived are encouraging. Let us dare to 
hope that out of the will of God and 
through the instrumentality of mankind a 
revival of religion will come soon and that 
the church will be greatly increased. We 
pray, too, that as forces strive to revive 
the spirit of Christ in the hearts of men 
we will not be blind and fail to see the 
blessing of adding our strength to the 

Father and mother are evangelists. Why 
should we idly wait for some great event 
to bring with it a revival of religion? Like- 
ly it will never happen in that way. The 
simple, normal, unsensational channels in 
establishing the kingdom of God on earth 
are always open, and the church will grow 
in so far as we avail ourselves of these. 
Surely, the mother is the divinely appoint- 
ed evangelist for the home, and always her 
efforts ought to be supported and dupli- 
cated by the father. Happy the home, hap- 
py the children, whose parents are the 

evangelists. Parents, you can be evangel- 
ists by such simple means as these: the sin- 
cerity of your lives; your honesty in all 
dealings; by always being frank and Chris- 
tian in your dealings with the children; the 
prayer life at home, exemplified by the 
Christ-life; the character of the pictures 
on the walls; your faithfulness in church 
attendance; your attitude toward Bible 
study and prayer in the home; the teach- 
ing of Bible principles to the children while 
their minds are in the plastic state; your 
unseen guidance in the selection of their 
companions and books; the sensibleness 
with which you try to apply the Bible 
teachings to life in our present age. This 
is not advice, but a list of suggestions that 
certainly should help you to build charac- 
ter. It is a fine thing to convince a child 
to give his heart to God in response to a 
revival meeting effort, but it is much more 
splendid to assist in the building of a char- 
acter that will be a blessing throughout 
its entire life. 

We are on our return from Manchester 
College, and since this is one of our very 
good colleges, you will not object if we 
comment on what we have seen and heard. 

Manchester is growing. The new build- 
ing is splendidly arranged. The Districts 
owning this school certainly can be glad 
for the equipment that is now in use. 

The faculty is fully alive to the needs of 
our church and the character structure be- 
ing built in student lines. 

The trustees had just adjourned from 
their sessions and it was evident that the 
best interests of the school were on their 

We found folks tired because of their 
strenuous tasks. 

Some were doing tasks that should be 
performed by others, but organization to 
overcome this is always difficult. 

The Volunteer Band is faithfully doing 
her work. 

We heard young ministers wondering if 
they should accept pastorates or teach 
school, because insufficient money was paid 
in the former. We believe that for real 
pastors — the kind that serve — adequate re- 
muneration will be provided, but it may be 
well for churches to consider if they are as 


The Missionary Visitor 


faithful in meeting the financial needs of 
their pastor as he is in serving them. 

In all, it was a pleasant day and we 
praise God for the work of our Christian 

I have just come through Logansport, 
Ind. A little newsboy wanted to sell me a 
paper. I had a paper and was not in need 
of his wares, but I was wanting the friend- 
ship of that boy. It was between trains and 
he had a little time to talk. We went down 
over that list of questions a preacher usu- 
ally asks a boy, until we came to the ques- 
tion of Sunday-school attendance. There 
we stuck. He went to school five days in 
the week and he didn't like Sunday-school. 
I was sorry for the bright, sunny chap. I 
fear that his only religion is that of the 
street newsboy. If I may judge the religion 
his mother teaches by her diligence in keep- 
ing the back of his neck clean, he has thus 
far missed the greatest education of this or 
any age. Poor fellow. Perhaps he has no 
mother. What shall we do for him? He 
ought to like to go to Sunday-school and 
we ought to make the school of such a 
character that he will like it. We are glad 
for the advent of the Vacation Bible 
Schools, for they are built on a plan which 
the children like. More and more our regu- 
lar Sunday-schools, or church schools, as 
we may call them, must incorporate plans 
which will make the school a thing to which 
the boy will be eager to go. If the chil- 
dren can best learn the truth by playing a 
simple game in class, let them do it. May 
those teachers who have the ability to teach 
truth, without losing the attractions of it, 
be multiplied continually until their influ- 
ence encircles the globe. 

Let's keep sweet! Have you ever blamed 
another for something he did not do? The 
writer was tempted to express- his feelings 
because the other party did not perform 
his part as it seemed he should. And then, 
just as this awful thing was about to hap- 
pen, it developed that the other party was 
not aware of the part he was to perform. 
My! How glad I am that the inward feel- 
ings did not get expressed! I have a letter 

before me from John . He says, 

" Will you please send the Visitor to my 
address? " closes with " Yours truly," and 

signs his name. We have looked all over 
his letter and no address is to be found. 
Do you suppose that, somewhere, this man 
John is blaming us for not sending him the 
Visitor? Life is full of misunderstandings, 
and let's keep sweet, for most of them are 
our own fault, or else they are just im- 
aginary. After all, the other man is a 
pretty good fellow. 

j ///// 

The Student Volunteer Movement will 
in the future include calls for service in the 
home field. This will be done in cooper- 
ation with the Home Missions Council and 
the Home Boards. The Movement will 
render service (1) by listing all needs and 
calls for the Home Mission Boards in the 
same Bulletin with similar calls from the 
Foreign Mission Boards; (2) including in 
the directory of church agencies with which 
the Christian students have dealings, the 
candidate secretaries of the Home Boards 
as well as the Foreign Boards; (3) co- 
operating with the agents of the Home 
Boards by giving them suggestions as to 
methods for finding candidates qualified to 
fill positions in home mission work; (4) 
promoting the study of the home mission 
courses provided by the Home Boards in 
the same general manner in which the 
Movement has promoted the study of for- 
eign mission courses; (5) recommending 
through the Christian organizations of the 
colleges that in the series of missionary 
meetings, lectures and topics of discussion 
clubs, home missions be given their proper 
place, and (6) helping the agents of the 
Home Mission Board to route traveling 
candidate secretaries whom the Home Mis- 
sion Boards may desire to set apart for 
sounding out in colleges and seminaries the 
claims of home missions. — Missionary Re- 
view of the World. 


If you are toiling up a weary hill, 

Bearing a load beyond your strength to 
Straining each nerve untiringly, and still 
Stumbling and losing foothold here and 
And each one passing by would do so 
As give one upward lift and go his way. 
Would not each slight reiterated touch 
Of help and kindness lighten all the day? 
— Susan Coolidge. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Closing Days With the Missionaries 

Letter No. 6 

Dear Spenser: 

For a few days we are stopping here in 
Shanghai, waiting for our boat to carry us 
down to Hong Kong. We are also avail- 
ing ourselves of this opportunity to get 
acquainted with the staff of the China Con- 
tinuation Committee and several missiona- 
ries here. This is a great missionary center 
and is the door through which more mis- 
sionaries enter China than through any 

We have now completed our visit in 
North China among our own beloved 
workers. That is, the time allowed by our 
schedule is gone and we must move on. 
The visit, regarding which you and I have 
many times talked, is already finished, and 
its happy memories are tucked away in the 
pigeon holes of our brains. But as our lit- 
tle company of pilgrims departs, we leave 
behind a very large place in our hearts for 
the members of the China Mission. They 
made our stay among them just as delight- 
ful as they could, and more so than we 
could have expected. We always had with 
us, on our journeys, one of the missionary 
brethren. This made it possible for us to 
get about more quickly and satisfactorily, 
and I should say more economically by 
far than if we had been on our own re- 
sources. It also gave us the privilege of 
getting better acquainted with the various 
brethren of the mission. 

Possibly you would like to have briefly 
in mind the personnel and work of each 
station, though this information has been 
given many times. Ping Ting Chou, the 
oldest of our stations, was established in 
1910, at a time when the foreigner was both 
suspected and hated. This has been re- 
placed by the most kindly feeling, warmest 
affection and fullest confidence. Bro. 
Crumpacker has the evangelistic work in 
charge, Bro. Samuel Bowman the Boys' 
School, Dr. Fred Wampler the medical, 
and Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer this fall opened 
the Bible School of the mission. Sister 
Anna Blough, with Sister Crumpacker, has 
charge of the women's country evangelistic 
work, Sister Minerva Metzger the Girls' 

School work, Sister Laura Shock the wom- 
en's work. Sister Bessie Rider is nurse in 
the Women's Hospital, and Sister Edna 
Flory in the Men's Hospital. 

The work in Ping Ting is located on two 
compounds. Three residences and the hos- 
pitals are outside the east city wall on the 
east compound, while all of the other work 
is located in the city compound within the 
city walls. Some of the homes of the 
workers are elsewhere in the city on prop- 
erty owned by the mission. The first 
building erected was the Boys' School, then 
the church, then the Girls' School, the 
women's work building, and just now Dr. 
Wampler and the nurses are smiling over 
the splendid new buildings of the combined 
Men's and Women's Hospital that are just 
about completed. Their hospital plant is 
one of the best that we have seen in North 
China. In addition to these buildings we 
now have four foreign residences and tem- 
porary quarters for the Bible School work. 

Liao Chou Station was opened in 1911, 
and is located about 240 li, or eighty miles, 
almost due south from Ping Ting. It is 
reached by donkey, " Shanks' horses," or 
by the vibrating jawar, which is a sort of 
abbreviated form of the Shansi Pullman. 
The road is rough and through a beautiful, 
rugged mountain country. First one travels 
along the dry river bed and then he as- 
cends and rides along the ridge of the 
mountains. Then up and down he goes 
through wonderfully terraced fields. Three 
days are consumed in making this journey. 

The work in Liao Chou is found on three 
separate compounds. The women's work 
is in the south part of the walled city, while 
the Boys' School is directly north of the 
women's work, up near the north city 
wall. The Girls' School, and hospital and 
residential compound are on the outside of 
the east city wall. Only one residence has 
been erected at Liao, but two more will be 
built during 1921. There are not many 
places in our Brotherhood where the 
churchhouse is located as near the center 
of town as will be the one at Liao Chou. 
A main street runs north and south through 


The Missionary Visitor 


Liao Chou Hospital 

the center of the walled city and another 
through the center east and west. At the 
intersection of these streets, at the very 
center of the city and surrounded by busi- 
ness houses, is the location already pur- 
chased for the church. This will not be 
built for a few years. At present the prop- 
erty is covered by native buildings that are 
used for the church gatherings and another 
for a reading room that is open all of the 

Dr. O. G. Brubaker has been in charge 
of the medical work at this station, but now 
is at home on furlough. Bro. N. A. Seese 
has charge of the Boys' School work, and 
Bro. R. C. Flory of the evangelistic work. 
Bro. Ernest Wampler is associated with 
Bro. Flory, and will be in entire charge 
when the latter, with his family, returns to 
America next spring for their furlough. 
Sister Winnie Cripe cares for the Girls' 
School, and Sister Hutchison for the wom- 
en's work. Sister Myrtle Pollock is the 
nurse for the hospital, while Sister Nettie 
Senger, with her faithful horse', is carrying 
the message to the country regions round 

Thirty miles west of Yang Chuan, the 
railroad station for Ping Ting (though five 
miles northwest of the latter), and you are 
at Show Yang. I told you of this place in 
my description of the Annual Meeting. Here 
Bro. Byron Flory is in charge of the Boys' 

School, and Bro. Walter J. Heisey of the 
evangelistic work, while Sister Grace Clap- 
per cares for the Girls' School work and 
Sister Mary Schaeffer is in charge of the 
evangelistic work for women. The build- 
ings occupied by the Boys' School have 
been purchased from the English Baptist 
Mission, which was formerly located here, 
while the missionaries and the Girls' School 
occupy houses yet belonging to the above- 
named mission. 

Bro. J. Homer Bright can hardly be 
claimed by any single station, as his work 
is that of architect and builder for the en- 
tire mission. This is a most necessary 
position in this land, where materials for a 
building must be assembled in the rough 
and transformed into the desired struc- 
ture by means of Chinese workmen, who 
must be ever under the vigilant eye of the 

The others of the mission are engaged 
in language study. They are developing 
those lungs of leather and brains of radium 
that are so essential to the proper handling 
of this most nerve-racking language. Their 
time for active sarvice is coming soon and 
they will be fitted into this mission organi- 
zation over here in a most vital manner. 

In our few weeks with our missionaries we 
have had the privilege of seeing their work 
first hand. We have seen the Chinese chil- 
dren as they would appear before they have 


The Missionary Visitor 


been admitted to the schools by our mis- 
sion workers, and we have noted the change 
that cleanliness, school training and teach- 
ing of Jesus bring into their lives. We have 
seen the women as they come with their 
babies to learn to read and to hear the 
wonderful story of the cross. We have . 
noted the pleasant smile of the native 
Christian workers about their tasks. And 
we have pronounced the work worth-while. 

I will never forget the long line of boys, 
at Liao Chou, 180 of them, that came to 
church on Sunday morning when we were 
there, marching in single file — the Chinese 
leaders of tomorrow. And I shall remem- 
ber the baptismal scene at Liao Chou, when 
Bro. Flory, with his baptismal formula, 
" Wa-gain-ne-shir-she, Shan - de - de - ming, 
Jesu-de-ming, Shung-ling-de-ming " ("I 
baptize you in the name of the Father, Son 
and Holy Spirit") received eight men and 
eight boys into church fellowship. 

I mention the last two incidents as being 
typical of that which is taking place at all 
of the stations, for the work is going splen- 
didly this winter. The church at Ping Ting 
is hardly large enough for the crowds. At 
Show Yang the church is nearly full at 
each service, and they talk of building a 
churchhouse in 1927! They may wait that 
long for it, but you and I will wait and see 
if Ping Ting does not ask for an addition 

to their large building one of these days, 
and if Show Yang will not want their 
churchhouse some years earlier than they 
have thought. 

I cannot tell you of the meetings that we 
had with the officials of the cities, of the 
splendid Chinese feasts that were given to 
us, of the fact that we partook of the Lord's 
supper at one station with chopsticks, of 
the social times with our workers in their 
homes, or of the tramps over the moun- 
tains with them; but we had them, and 
these I shall reserve for some other day. 
But this I want to say, that the good wives 
and mothers of the mission everywhere 
made our visit most enjoyable. Their 
names do not appear so prominently as 
those who are in active charge of various 
departments, but, take it from your humble 
brother, the mission could not run without 
them and their kindly ministrations. No 
one knows the innumerable acts of kind- 
ness that they do in their own way to their 
multitudes of Chinese callers. 

The future of our China work is assured, 
for the work is stamped with the seal of 
the Lord. His stamp is in the faces of 
those whom they serve and who have 
been regenerated. The mission is yet in its 
youth; most of the missionaries are still 
giving considerable time to the language. 

(Continued on Page 55) 

Have You Helped to Bring Smiles to These Children? 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qnmp fiteliiB 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Home Fields Department 

The policy of the Missionary Visitor has 
been since the start to emphasize both 
home and foreign work. There has been 
no special division, so far as the space in 
the paper is concerned. With this issue a 
new department is added, which will be 
called " Home Fields." Christ said " Say 
not ye, There are yet four months, and 
then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto 
you, Lift up your eyes and look on the 
fields, that they are white already unto 
harvest." It is desired that the Home 
Fields Department shall be a reflector of 
the needs in home mission territory, and 
from this reflector it is hoped that many 
may receive the inspiration to go out into 
the fields as laborers. It will be the aim 
of the department to discover successful 
methods of church work and make these 
findings available for the church at large. 
It shall be a medium also through which 
District Mission Boards can speak to each 
other. Reports of the District Mission 
Board meetings, their plans, goals, etc., will 
be very interesting and helpful reading ma- 
terial. All phases of home mission work 
will find place in the department from time 
to time. Stories of successful rural and 
city churches will be offered occasionally. 
Interesting subjects as, New Americans, 
Indians, Negroes, Mountaineers, Lumber- 
men, Migrant Workers, etc., will receive 
due consideration. Church building and 
location deserves special attention now, 
since building material has decreased in 
price and churches will think about tearing 
down old structures and erecting new ones 
and building churches in new places. Evan- 
gelism in new territory will be emphasized, 
and in so far as space will allow the de- 
partment aims to touch the vital things in 
the work of the kingdom. 
The Advisory Council 

In order that the home field may have 
adequate attention and thought the General 

Mission Board, at the December meeting, 
decided to appoint a committee to study 
the home needs and to recommend plans 
for work. The members of this committee 
are Edgar Rothrock, Holmesville, Nebr., 
M. Clyde Horst, Johnstown, Pa., and D. 
J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, 111. 

Women's Work Committee 

Realizing the value of the work of women 
in our church, and seeing what the women 
are doing in other churches along the line 
of home missions, it was decided by the 
General Mission Board to appoint a com- 
mittee to study women's work in so far as 
it relates to the home work and make plans 
to meet the needs in our own church. 
This committee becomes an advisory com- 
mittee to the Home Mission Department 
as the other committee appointed. The 
officers of the Sisters' Aid Society, Mrs. M. 
C. Swigart, Mrs. S. L. Whisler, Mrs. Geo. 
L. Studebaker, were appointed on the com- 

A Rural Life Library 

On another page you will find a list of 
books on rural life. Some of the best 
books on the subject are now out of print. 
Most of the books have some things in them 
that will not be useful to our leaders. How- 
ever, to the wise reader who is able to pick 
out the good and leave the other, each 
book will furnish many valuable sugges- 
tions. To be a church leader without books 
in his field is like a lawyer without law 
books or a doctor without medical books. 
Of course, the Bible is the Book of books 
and supersedes all other books, but we need 
to know the experience of other men who 
have had opportunity to study at large and 
have had successful experience in church 
work. The church leader ought to be the 
leader in his community, and to do this he 
must understand the rural community from 
beginning to end. If he is to lead he must 
know more about it than anyone else in the 


The Missionary Visitor 


community. That is what makes for leader- 


Christian work is working together. Self- 
ish work is not Christian. A business is 
successful in so far as there is cooperation 
on the part of all concerned. Failure to 
cooperate by any one party interested in 
a particular business lessens the maximum 
possibility of that business. The same is 
true in church work. Anyone failing to co- 
operate in his local church diminishes the 
maximum possibility of service. The Home 
Fields Department aims to serve by creat- 
ing a means whereby we may speak to 
each other concerning the needs in the 
homeland and how we may meet the op- 
portunities for Christian service. Each 
member of the church is invited to become 
an interested stockholder in the department. 
If material used does not seem to meet a 
need, a friendly criticism will gladly be re- 
ceived. Another pleasurable happening, too, 
would be to receive a letter or two telling 
us that the department is satisfactory and 
that you are glad for it. That would be 

To Every Field Worker 

Often you visit a church where some ex- 
cellent work is being accomplished, and the 
pastor or elder is too modest to tell what is 
being done, and therefore no one is getting 
any benefit from that successful enterprise. 
You can take a few moments to write out 
a story of the work and send it to this 
office. It will do you good and you will be 
helping some one elese. That's our busi- 
ness. We will depend on you and we are 
considering each field worker, whether a 
Sunday-school worker, District Mission 
Secretary, evangelist or whatever, as a mem- 
ber of the staff of the Home Fields Depart- 

Congregationalists declare that four-fifths 
of their churches are of home mission ori- 
gin. Northern Presbyterians say that nine- 
tenths of their churches were planted by 
home missionaries. Northern Baptists and 
Methodists, and the Episcopalians give 
estimates that range from five-sixths to 
nine-tenths. Such estimates as Southern 
Baptists have been able to make indicate 

that the workers of the Home Mission 
Board have organized and aided in the or- 
ganization and up-building of not fewer than 
65 per cent of the churches in the Southern 
Baptist Convention. 

It is altogether probable that half the 
money now available for Christian work 
from Southern Baptist sources is available 
as the results of the work of the lonely, and 
too often forgotten and poorly paid mis- • 
sionaries of the Home Board. Home mis- 
sionaries may not be imposing figures in 
the eyes of a materialistic age. But these 
heralds have been and are unmatched as 
the source for making secure the American 
foundation to establish which our fathers 

The greatest need of the city is a power- 
ful and effective religion, one that will lay 
hold of its masses and problems, and master 
them for good. Hence, the place and func- 
tion of the Christian church. The church 
is not incidental to the city life, but it is 
necessary to its highest welfare. — Bishop 
Frederick De Land Leete. 

The outcome of home missions in Amer- 
ica in the next twenty-five years will deter- 
mine the destiny of American Protestantism 
and the nation itself. — O. G. Dale. 

The problem of the city is the problem 
of the new civilization. The city paganized 
means civilization paganized. The city 
evangelized means civilization evangelized. 
— Josiah Strong. 

The life of every man is a diary, in which 
he means to write one story and writes 
another; and his humblest hour is when he 
compares the volume as it is with what he 
vowed to make. — James M. Barrie. 

Ministers, like alarm clocks, get most of 
their abuse for doing their duty. — Kansas 
City Star. 


Missionary efficiency demands: 1. A great 
message. 2. Missionary-hearted men. 3. 
Efficiency in method. 4. Proportionate and 
systematic giving from every member of the 
church and congregation. — Home and For- 
eign Fields. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Forward Movement in Northern Wisconsin 

Clement Bontrager 

THE White Rapids church is the most 
northern point in the District of 
Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. In 
April, 1918, Bro. L. M. Bontrager and fam- 
ily moved to Wisconsin from Elkhart, Ind., 
and were soon followed by two families, 
Dennistons and Gondermans. These fami- 
lies soon located together near Amberg, 
and later Bro. H. W. McClennan joined the 
number. This group of members scattered 
the " Good News " through the community, 
and it was soon discovered that there were 
those who were desirous of entering the 
Brethren Church. Bro. J. M. Myers was 
called, and responded by giving two ser- 
mons. As a result of these two services 
nineteen expressed themselves as wanting 
to work with the Brethren. 

Prayer meeting was started with a fair 
attendance. Then a Christian Workers' So- 
ciety was organized, with Sister Pearl Kulp 
as president. Bro. Myers held a ten-day 
meeting in June, and as a result eight were 
baptized. Arrangements were made by the 
Mission Board to conduct services once a 
month, and Bro. Myers was secured to fill 
these appointments. Six were baptized as 
a result of a six-day meeting conducted by 
Bro. Roger Winger, in November. The 
first love feast was held Nov. 16, with 
Brethren Myers and Winger officiating. 
In August the Sunday-school was organ- 
ized. Bro. Bontrager was elected superin- 

Mission Study Class 

tendent and Sister Kulp assistant. A Mis- 
sion Study Class also was organized, and a 
very good number availed themselves of 
this opportunity. A special missionary 
program was arranged to create missionary 
sentiment, and at this meeting sixty-two 
dollars was raised in cash and pledges for 
the Conference offering. 

During the spring and summer of 1920, 
Bro. J. F. Edmister lived in the community 
and preached every two weeks. Bro. O. L. 
Harley is to be our pastor, but will not be 
able to take charge of the work until next 
March, and in the meantime the writer is 
in charge. 

July 6, 1920, will be a significant date in 
the history of this church. On this date 
Bro. C. C. Price, of Polo, assisted in the 
organization of the church. Bro. Price was 
elected elder in charge, and two young 
brethren were called to the ministry. 

Services now are held in a schoolhouse. 
Land has been donated by a person outside 
of the church for a location, but money is 
not available to build the churchhouse. We 
hope that soon it will be possible to wor- 
ship in our own building. We rejoice in 
our achievements for the kingdom, but take 
no honor to ourselves, for Christ alone is 
worthy of honor. We rejoice that fourteen 
were baptized during the year, and we 
pray that we may do as well or better 
each year of the Forward Movement. We 
have our struggles and we need your pray- 
ers, that we may be able to forget the 
things that are behind and press forward 
to nobler, grander and more worthy 
achievements in the future. 

White Rapids, Wis. 

The men and women on the farms stand 
for what is fundamentally best and most 
needed in our American life. To supply 
the city with fresh blood, clean bodies and 
clear brains that can endure the terrific 
strain of modern life, we need the develop- 
ment of men in the open country, who will 
be in the future, as in the past, the stay and 
strength of- the nation in time of war, and 
its guiding and controlling spirit in time of 
peace. — Roosevelt. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Faith is a great power. It gets things 
done. It removes mountains. It forces 
through discouragements. It never gives 
up. It encourages sacrifice. It attempts 
things that " can't be done." It waits for 
results. It saves souls. 

A certain minister with a conviction that 
he was " about his Father's business " en- 
tered a frontier State in which there was 
not an organized Church of the Brethren, 
and as far as known there were only eight 
members. Today there are a number of 
organized churches and a growing, active 
membership. His diary reports that in 
eleven months he preachel 132 public ser- 
mons, baptized eight, traveled over 2,165 
miles with horse and on foot. On one 
long journey he did without five meals to 
cut down expenses, and slept on the floor 
to save hotel charges. His family consisted 
of his wife and three children. A summary 
of the provisions for the first eleven 
months previous to the District Meeting, 
at which time the minister gave his first 
report, is an excellent record for sacrifice. 
His support was his actual needs. This 
occurred about fifteen years ago. 

First Month. — Expense of moving family 
360 miles, $53.15; setting up housekeeping, 
dishes, furniture, etc., $38.68; dug some pota- 
toes and picked some apples on shares; 
clothing, $4; provisions, $5.50; soap and 
bluing, $.50; oil, $.25; postoffice rent and 
stationery, $70; hay and oats, $10.50; house 
and church rent, $6; part of provision was 
two pounds of butter and 80 cents' worth 
of meat; total for the month for keep of 
horse and family, $27,45. 

Second Month.— Meat, $.50; lard, $.20; 
umbrella, $1; shoes, $3.50; medicine, $.25* 
house and church rent, $6; provisions, $3.05; 
stationery, $.20; total, $14.95. 

Third Month.— Lumber, $2.10; hauling 
wood, $1.50; shoes, $4.05; express, $.60; pro- 
visions, $3:50; oil, $.25; rent, $6; no meat, 
no butter this month; total, $18. 

Fourth Month.— Oil and lamp, $1.25; 
postoffice rent, $.50; glass, $1; medicine, 
$1.25; potatoes, $1; clothing, $3.20; rent, 
$6; provisions, $2.42; total, $19.32. 

Fifth Month. — Provisions, $2.90; garden 
seeds, $.25; hauling wood, $.35; hay, $1; 

medicine, $1.25; oil, $.20; rent, $6; total, 

Sixth Month.— Clothes, $4.50; shoe re- 
pairing, $1; tinware, $.75; potatoes, $3; 
shoes, $4; Gospel Messenger, sent where it 
will do good, $2; oil, $.20; provisions, $6.65; 
rent, $6; total for month, $27.15. 

Seventh Month. — Postoffice rent, $.50; re- 
pair on buggy, $1; stationery, $.60; tracts, 
$.75; provisions, $9; shoe mending, $.75; 
oil, $.25; clothing, $4.68; Teeter's Commen- 
tary, $2.25; rent, $6; total, $25.78. 

Eighth Month. — Cloth for suit of clothes, 
$9.20, and wife made the suit; with other 
necessaries the total for the month was 

Ninth Month. — A brother and sister need- 
ing help were taken into the family; the 
Messenger was sent into two homes where 
it would do good; a little butter and meat 
were included in the month's provisions; 
total for the month was $23.50. 

Tenth Month. — Brother and sister still 
with the family; some milk was bought for 
the children this month, $1.20; with other 
regular supplies, total, $25.76. 

Eleventh.— Brother and sister still with 
the family; total for the month, $28.41. 

The report was given at the District 
Meeting. Criticism was made that the 
work ought to be discontinued because it 
cost too much, and that it would be a fail- 
ure, anyway. The expense for the en- 
tire year was only $341.52. The work con- 
tinued, the results are eternal, the church 
was extended, and souls were saved because 
this certain man and his family had 


Mrs. H. H. Helman 

DISCOURAGEMENT attacks men in 
all vocations of life. Some sur- 
mount it; others struggle on half- 
heartedly or give up in despair. 

Did you ever know that even preachers 
are subject to the ailment? Perhaps they, 
above all men, should not be; but remem- 
ber, they are human. 

Imagine a minister's feelings when he is 
burdened with the hearts of boys and girls 
in a community where there is no Young 
(Continued on Page 51) 


The Missionary Visitor 


November India Notes 

Anetta Mow 

Word has just reached us by wire that 
Brother and Sister J. M. Blough are to 
Ian in Bombay Dec. 3. We rejoice in their 
safe return and praise God that they are in 
India again. 


Sister Sadie Miller and her family of 
nine children have left Landour and are now 
on the way home. They expect to reach 
home Dec. 3. Surely there will be much 
joy in the homes of our missionaries as 
these children return after a nine months' 
absence. The children of Prospect Point 
Home expect to give a program at Bulsar 
on the 6th. 

After their long siege of sickness, Bro. 
D. L. Forneys are at home in a bungalow 
near the station at Navsari (Jalalpor). 
They spent a couple of weeks at Tethal, 
three miles west of Bulsar, enjoying the 
pleasures of the seashore while they were 
regaining sufficient strength to return to 
their work. 

This month saw nearly all of the Gujar- 
ati language students leave Bulsar, where 
they have been located since they landed 
in India. Brother and Sister Arthur Miller 
and Benjamin Summer moved to Ankles- 
var on the 12th, and Bro. Elmer Wagoners 
moved to Vyara Nov. 25. 

They say following Bro. Wagoners' ar- 
rival, the Vyara Christians expressed their 
joy in a welcome meeting. Recitations, a 
play and songs were given, a few words of 
welcome spoken, and at the close wreaths 
of flowers were hung about their necks and 
large bouquets placed in their hands. 

The Wagoner family and Sister Anetta 
Mow are to live in the new bungalow which 
is about a half mile west of the other mis- 
sion compound. Some of our readers will 
recall that this new home is the one we 
had so much trouble to get, as the native 
state officials would neither give us per- 
mission to own the land nor put up the 

Nov. 16-18, Elizabeth Kintner and Anetta 
Mow appeared before the United Language 
Board of Gujarat for their first year's ex- 
amination, and Bro. H. L. Alley took his 
second year's examination in Marathi at 
the same time. 


Bro. D. J. Lichty is out touring among 
the villages around Anklesvar. 

Sister Kathryn Ziegler is also out in her 
tent among the village people. 

During the last two weeks in November, 
Bro. I. S. Longs of Vyara had their village 
Christian Workers in at the station for a 
course in Bible study. When we think 
how these Christian families live out in the 
village alone, and are surrounded by heath- 
en influences, we realize the need and im- 
portance of bringing these families to- 
gether for a time of infilling. During the 
last week one of our neighboring Indian 
ministers from Surat was with us. 
He gave excellent talks to the children, 
taught them new songs and showed pic- 
tures with his lantern. 

On the last Saturday evening, a love 
feast was held in the Vyara Boys' School 
building, which is used on Sunday as a 
church. One hundred and seventy-five 
communed. The room was filled to the 
limit of its capacity. A number of Chris- 
tians came in from the surrounding vil- 

After the communion service, the audi- 
ence sat for another hour and a half look- 
ing at the pictures and listening to the 
story of " Pilgrim's Progress." 

Before the village workers returned 
home, a council meeting was held in which 
a few more definite plans were outlined for 
the work. 

Pray that such days of contact with our 
village workers may prove a positive bless- 
ing to the workers themselves, and that 
they in turn may be a greater blessing to 
the people with whom they live. • 

During the last week a pathetic incident 
happened in the Vyara Girls' Boarding 


The Missionary Visitor 


School. However, it is only one instance 
of the thing which happens frequently. A 
few weeks ago a little girl, about eleven 
years old, entered the school. 

On the first of this week an old man 
came to the school, asking that the girl go 
along home with him to live with his son. 
He said the boy was to pay 30 rupees 
(about $10) for her and that she must come 
along home. The girl refused to go. 

A couple of days later the girl's mother, 
who is a widow with two small children, 
came to the school to persuade her girl to 
go and live with her husband. 

The girl was determined she would not 
go, and answered every argument her 
mother brought up, declaring that she 
would not go, even if she were carried 
home. Then the mother went out in the 
road and sat down in the dust. It did seem 
sad to see this poor widow with her two 
little children sitting there crying. 

Sister Long said to her, " Bai, we are not 
holding your girl; if she goes with you 
you may have her." The mother, between 
her sobs, said, " But, she will not go with 

This was a chance for the Madam Sahib 
to say, " I cannot blame your girl for not 
wishing to live with this man. She says 
he beats her and is mean to her. How 
can you, her mother, wish her to live with 
such a man? Don't you have any love for 
your daughter? " 

The mother said, " Yes, I love my girl, 
but I haven't anything to eat and I need 
this money and I must have it. I have 

to sell her for the sake of my 'pate'" 

Then the Madam Sahib answered, " Bai, 
this is a very sad affair and it is awful that 
you would sell your girl. You tell this 
girl's husband to wait a few years. This 
girl is not old enough to be his wife. Let 
her stay in school awhile and she will learn 
to be a better wife. If you need money, 
find some work to do, but do not sell your 

One of the teachers then told her she 
should come to the mission compound and 
she would be given work, but she made no 
answer. She sat there in the road until 
nearly dark and then she started home. 

We wonder what the outcome will be. 
So many dark shadows surround the lives 
of the girls of this land that we have to 
wonder and wonder, and how we pity 


During the Devali holidays, when their 
Marathi pandit took a ten days' vacation, 
the Misses Blickenstaff and Brumbaugh 
and the Butterbaugh family made splendid 
use of the time by visiting most of our 
mission stations. The newer missionaries 
always consider it a privilege and a bless- 
ing to visit the various stations, as it gives 
them a clearer idea of our field and a deep- 
er interest in every station's work. 

Building work has been started on the 
new site at Palghar. When this station is 
opened up it will be our nearest station 
to Bombay. 

Yyara, via Surat. 

Aid Society Work in Foreign Lands 

Mrs. S. L. Whisler 

THE women of the Church of the 
Brethren have always been interest- 
ed in their sisters in the foreign 
lands. Their sufferings, their ignorance 
and spiritual darkness greatly appeal to us. 
Ever since the organization of the Aid 
Societies our women have felt that an ave- 
nue has been opened to them whereby they 
may help relieve conditions of women 
across the waters. Never is there a new 
appeal for help, but that a hearty response 
is given by individual societies. 

Six years ago a desire arose in the hearts 
of a few individuals to concentrate the ef- 
forts of the societies in one grand monu- 
ment for the Master's cause. Accordingly, 
in 1915 the General Aid Society planned to 
raise the funds for the Quinter Memorial 
Hospital. In three years the work was 
finished and today nearly $14,000 has been 
used toward this building and its mainte- 
nance. Feeling the joy that comes from 
service, the women in 1918 undertook a 
greater accomplishment, the raising of $24,- 


The Missionary Visitor 


000 in three years for the erection of two 
buildings; viz., the Pnig Ting Hospital 
Administration Building in China, and the 
Anklesvar Girls' Boarding School Build- 
ing in India. Because of the faith of the 
Mission Board in our women being able 
to accomplish this task, both of the build- 
ings were erected the past year. 

Dr. O. G. Brubaker, on furlough from 
China, writes that the hospital is well con- 
structed, being built of walls of limestone 
and gray brick. It is three stories high, 
including the basement, and is connected 
with corridors to the operating room and 
wards. This administration building con- 
tains the doctor's and nurses' offices, dis- 
pensary rooms and chapel, the basement 
containing the furnace room, laundry, work- 
shops and other rooms. While we are 
finishing the task of raising the fund we 
may have the pleasure of thinking of busy 
doctors, nurses and helpers administering 
to the physical and spiritual needs of 
China's sufferers. The work of the Girls' 
Boarding School can best be written in 
Sister Eliza B. Miller's own words: 

Building work in the new school 
building for the girls moves on 
rapidly here, and the contractors 
are eager to hand it over to us fin- 
ished by the new year. How near 
they will be able to do this re- 
mains to be seen. We rejoice in 
that our hopes are so nearly being 
realized. The cornerstone for the 
new building was laid during the 
week of our committee meeting, 
and it happened to be two* days 
after the writer had celebrated 
her twentieth anniversary of land- 
ing in India. This is a building 
for which she had hoped and 
prayed all the years My heart re- 
joices as I think that in a few short 
months we shall take the girls 
from their old, dingy quarters into 
this new light, airy structure, that 
is made possible by the good 
women of the Church of the 
Brethren in America. All good 
wishes and prayers for the church 
and its workers in the homeland. 
Sister Miller has the care of these girls, 

and we rejoice with her, that the Lord has 
used us, in answering her prayers. 

Most of the Aid Societies know our 
plan of sending the money to the General 
Mission Board. However, a gentle re- 
minder may be of value. Each local sec- 
retary of the Aid Society is to send the 
money directly to the District Secretary, 
and she sends it to the General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111., calling it the Aid Society 
Foreign Mission Fund. Sometimes our 
secretaries make the mistake of saying that 
the money is for the Chinese Hospital and 
India Boarding School. With three hos- 
pitals in China, and many boarding schools 
in India, you can see how easily your 
money could be placed in the wrong fund 
and you would not receive proper credit. 
If your money is sent to your District Sec- 
retary and she sends to the fund, as direct- 
ed, there will be no misplacement of 
funds. Each District Secretary should 
watch the report in the Missionary Visitor 
to be sure that the money she sent is re- 
corded under the proper fund. The record 
appears in the Visitor two months after it 
has been sent. Should an error be made, 
kindly drop a note to the General Mission 
Board, and the correction will be made. We 
are sure each local and District Secretary 
wants to cooperate in the best way pos- 
sible, and following the above plan will be 
the very best way. 

Last year we raised $7,255 for this spe- 
cial work. This is not quite one-third of 
the whole amount. Each society, by in- 
creasing its apportionment the second year, 
will help make up the deficiency of the 
first year, so that the second year our 
books will be closed with $16,000 to our 

Many have asked, " When does your year 
close? " We have urged that all money be 
paid before the first of June. Should it be 
impossible to pay before that time, credit 
for the year will be given as late as Oct. 
1. After that date credit is given for the 
following year. 

We are receiving such splendid cooper- 
ation on the part of our secretaries in this 
work and in gathering of reports and 
statistics, that we cannot help but com- 
mend them and ask God's blessings upon 
them as they labor for his glory. 

Milledgeville, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


China Notes for November 

Anna M. Hutchison 

For the most part, during the month of 
November, we had beautiful weather, yet 
near the close of the month we had a few 
slight snow falls and are beginning to feel 
that winter is on. 

As we closed last month's notes our sta- 
tion was experiencing an unusual pleasure 
and privilege in having in our midst Breth- 
ren Williams, Yoder and Harnly. These 
brethren were with us at Liao nine days — all 
too short, we felt, yet so grateful for these 
days, not alone for the opportunity it gave 
them of learning to know the place and our 
work here, but also for the help and encour- 
agement they were to us and the blessing 
their short stay meant to the church and to 
the people of this place. While here each 
of them gave several splendid talks, in 
chapel, at the Boys' School, Girls' School 
and Women's School, all of which talks 
needed to be interpreted. And then we had 
the rare privilege of several splendid talks 
direct to our own mission family. On the 
second Saturday of their stay with us Bro. 
R. C. Flory administered baptism to sixteen 
precious souls, and in t.he evening of the 
same day we had a quiet, enjoyable love 
feast together in the chapel of the Boys' 
School, with over a hundred communicants, 
Bro. Bright being present with us and 

On Tuesday, as our brethren left us, it 
was with mingled feelings we realized we 
must say farewell. yA goodly number of 
friends, including 170\ ichoolboys, fifty-nine 
schoolgirls, teachers an^ missionarie^^ac^ 
companied them beyond tii.- city gate, ana 
then, ere we parted, our wishes and prayers 
for them we expressed in the singing of 
that ever-touching hymn, " God be with you 
till we meet again." When the last hand- 
kerchief had been waved, when they had 
passed from sight and we faced homeward, 
we felt how truly these were days that 
would long be remembered, both by the 
missionary and the Chinese, and we pray 
that the results obtained may bring glory 
to our Heavenly Father. 

From Liao the brethren returned to Ping 
Ting and then to Shou Yang, spending 
some days at each place, and then from 
there proceeded on their return journey to 
Shanghai, being accompanied by Bro. Seese. 
They were supposed to have sailed from 
Shanghai toward South China last Sunday, 
Nov. 28. After stopping to visit with 
Sister Shick they plan to proceed on to 
India. Bro. Seese, on his return trip to the 
interior, plans to spend a day or so visiting 
the schools at Nanking and Chi Nan Fu. 

Nov. 9 we were glad to welcome back to 
our Liao mission family Mrs. Seese, who 
had remained at Ping Ting since the fall 
conference, and her bright-eyed little las- 
sie, lviiss Margaret Evelyn, who Junior 
thinks is about right. 

Sister Nettie Senger is spending several 
months at Yu She Hsien, one of our out- 
stations, which is very open and a prospec- 
tive place for work. A boys' school has been 
opened there for several years, with up- 
wards of a hundred pupils, and we have re- 
cently opened a girls' school there with an 
attendance of some twenty-five pupils. 
Sister Senger has opened a short session of 
school for the women, with a dozen or 
more in attendance. Several of the higher- 
class women are taking advantage of this 
opportunity to learn to read, and it gives 
the missionary the opportunity to reach 
them with the Gospel. 

Near the close of the month a large fair 
was h,eld at Chang Cheng, one of ogr cwHt" 
•--^'ions, ^/ay li from x^ia.o. T. is tair, to 
the Chinese, was-. one of unusual impor- 
tance, being held, in honor of their combined 
list of gods, only once in five years. On 
these occasions hundreds of people gather 
to witness the theatricals performed in 
honor of their gods. These are occasions, 
also, when some of our missionaries and 
native workers gather at said places, not to 
witness the theatricals nor to worship their 
false gods, but to preach and sing the mes- 
sage of the true and living God. At this 
time Bro. Flory and our native pastor, Bro. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Li, went to Chang Cheng, and during the 
several days of the fair faithfully witnessed 
for our Master to the hundreds gathered 
there. Many went away with a new mes- 
sage and a new vision, and we pray that the 
good seed sown may in our Father's own 
time, bring forth much fruit to his glory. 

Nov. 21 the Liao Station was favored with 
a short visit from Dr. Wampler, who came 
in behalf of Sister Ernest Wampler, who 
we are glad to report has recently gained 
sufficiently to be able to be brought down- 
stairs, and can eat with her family at the 
table again. She is also able, with care, 
to take short walks in the open. For all of 
which we praise our Father, for his good- 
ness in giving us hope for the recovery of 
one whose heart is in the work and who 
longs to be with her companion at the post 
of active service. 

Dr. Wampler was accompanied also by 
Sister Lulu Ullom, who has come to Liao 
to spend a few months with us at this sta- 
tion while yet in language study, ere she 
takes up her work as superintendent of the 
women in Shou Yang Hsien, has been se- 
welcome her to our midst and trust that her 
stay at Liao may be mutually helpful and 

Word from Shou Yang has just been re- 
ceived, and we give their expression of the 
brethren's visit to their place: "During 
this month we were again made happy by 
having with us for a few days Brethren 
Williams, Yoder and Harnly, from Amer- 
ica. They were also with us at the time of 
our Annual Mission Meeting, but this last 
was our first opportunity of having 
to ourselves.' This visit has been 
a real 5o inspiration ana L *£»^Qura---*- 

ment to us in our worV, but vc was too 
short, and the pull on our heartstrings was 
hard as we bade them ' good-bye ' and 
wished them Godspeed on their journey to- 
ward South China and India." 

Mrs. Kung, the only native Christian 
woman in Shou Yang Hsien has been se- 
cured as Bible woman for the Shou Yang 
station, and will assist Sister Schaeffer in 
her work among the women. She is a 
strong Christian character, and we believe 

will prove a valuable addition to our staff 
of native workers. 

Bro. B. M. Flory and Sister M. M. Myers 
spent a week in Peking recently, calling 
upon the dentist and the oculist. Such 
trips cost both time and money when the 
necessary help is three hundred miles from 


It was only a silver sixpence, 

Battered and worn and old, 
But worth to the child that held it 

As much as a piece of gold. 

A poor little crossing sweeper, 
In the wind and rain all day; 

For one who gave her a penny, 
There were twenty who bade her nay. 

But she carried the bit of silver — 

A light in her steady face, 
And her step on the crowded pavement 

Full of a childish grace — 

Straight to the tender pastor, 
And " Send it," she said, *' for me, 

Dear sir, to the heathen children 
On the other side of the sea. 

" Let it help in telling the story 
Of the love of the Lord Most High, 

Who came from the world .of glory 
For a sinful world to die." 

" Send only half of it, Maggie," 

The good old minister said, 
"And keep the rest for yourself, dear, 

You need it for daily bread." 

"Ah, sir," was the ready answer, 

"In the blessed Bible words, 
"I would rather lend it to Jesus, 

And know in my heart it's the Lord's: 

"The copper will do for Maggie." 

I think if we all felt eo, 
The wonderful messap.i of pardon 

Would soon through the dark earth go! 

Soo' hor'd the d : jtant mountains, 
And the iar-on isles of the sea 

Hear of the great salvation 
And the truth that makes men free. 

Alas ! do we not too often 
Keep our silver and gold in store, 

And grudgingly part with our copper, 
Counting the pennies o'er? 

And claiming in vain the blessing 

That the Master gave to one 
Who dropped her mites as the treasure 

A whole day's labor had won? 

— Selected by Sister C. R. Stutsman for 
the Missionary Visitor. 


The Missionary Visitor 


^ ^*Jfc * ' 1 


■ ^ .. f 


Ik: 1 


Mr. and Mrs. Lynn A. Blickenstaff and Children, Leonard and David 

Lynn A. Blickenstaff 

I. V. Funderburgh 

One member of the little group scheduled 
to sail this month with their faces toward 
India, is Bro. Lynn A. Blickenstaff, of La 
Verne, Calif., son of David and Hannah 
Blickenstaff. Bro. Blickenstaff enters the 
India mission field as a missionary account- 
ant, to become the business agent of the 
General Mission Board in India. 

The need for some one to fill just such a 
position had long confronted the Board, 
and the special qualifications of Lynn to 
fill a position of such a nature encouraged 
Bro. Williams to present this need to him. 
When asked to consider this call the prop- 
osition at first did not appeal to him, but 
continued correspondence with the office at 
Elgin, and occasional conferences with some 
who had been on the field, seemed to have 
created in him a special interest in the 
work. Whereupon Lynn and his devoted 
wife Mary, in a spirit so characteristic of 
their consecrated lives, put the matter up 
to the Lord. The Father's will in the case 
was unmistakable and the decision was 
made. They were accepted by the Board, 
confirmed by the Sedalia Conference, and 
are eagerly anticipating their new expe- 
riences acrqss the water. 

With their two little boys, Leonard E., 
seven years old, and David E., aged five, 
they plan to sail from San Francisco this 

Lynn received his early education in the 
public schools of his native town, Cerro 
Gordo, 111., where he was born Feb. 14, 
1889. In 1907 he entered the academy of 
Mt. Morris College and specialized in the 
commercial course. His business and legal 
training will be a very great asset in his 
work on the field. During his twelve years' 
banking experience, ten of which were spent 
as cashier of the First National Bank of 
La Verne, Lynn has made a host of friends, 
and has proved his worth and ability as a 
financial director and adviser. 

He was studious and always availed him- 
self of every opportunity more thoroughly 
to equip himself for the duties of life. While 
much of his spare time was devoted to the 
study of legal matters, he never neglected 
the cultural side of life. He was a student 
of voice under Prof. B. S. Haugh, of La 
Verne College, is a lover of music and an 
excellent singer. 

Lynn has always taken an unusual interest 
in the people of the communities where he 
has lived and worked. His whole-hearted 
interest in community affairs and his gen- 
uine willingness to be of service to others 
have gained for him the respect and very 
high regard of all who are acquainted with 

Since his conversion at Cerro Gordo in 
1900 under the influence of Eld. Jacob' Whit- 


The Missionary Visitor 


more, he has been actively identified with 
the church. For eight years he has been 
the faithful and efficient treasurer of the 
La Verne church. His unusual qualities of 
leadership have been demonstrated in his 
ability to hold the respect and confidence 
of a large Sunday-school class of young 
men, as their teacher for the past five years. 
In the spring of 1919 he accepted a call of 
the church to the deaconship. 

Bro. Lynn enters his new field of labor 
well equipped for the tasks that await him. 
and he goes with a consecration of life that 

is indeed rare, and with the fullest as- 
surance that the Master is with him. While 
those who know him and his good wife, and 
others as well, shall follow them across the 
ocean, and even down through the years 
With their benediction and prayers, it is 
with the confidence that their strong faith, 
firm trust in God, and their determination 
to do only the Father's will, will make them 
bold in the work of the Lord. May the 
One whom they serve, through helpful 
ministration to others, keep them and richly 
bless them all the way. 

Mary Brubaker BlickenstafF 

Edith Brubaker 

Far away on the banks of the Wabash, 
near Peru, Ind., there was born to Elder 
E. S. and Mary S. Brubaker, June 29, 1891, 
a daughter, whom they named Mary. " Lit- 
tle Mary," as she was always called as a 
child, was the eighth in a family of twelve 
children, and enjoyed the companionship 
of her brothers and sisters in all the tasks 
and pleasures afforded by life on a farm in 
that picturesque country along the Wabash. 

It was in the little red schoolhouse near 
her home that she first went to school, 
and it was here, also, that she first attended 
Sunday-school, and listened to her father 
preach to the Miami Indians and the neigh- 
bors. It was a much-prized privilege to ac- 
company her father on the thirteen-mile 
drive to the Wabash church when the 
weather permitted attendance. 

Mary was a lover of reading, and early 
acquired the habit of daily Bible reading. 
When still quite young she read Bro. D. L. 
Miller's book, " Girdling the Globe," and 
Bro. Stover's "India, a Problem." "The 
Life and Explorations of David Living- 
stone" also was a favorite book. These, along 
with her own father's missionary activities 
among the Indians, made a profound im- 
pression upon her mind, and awakened in 
her heart a great desire to be a foreign mis- 
sionary some day. 

In 1904 the family moved to Wabash 
County, and established their new home 
just one mile from the Wabash country 
church, so that the children might have the 

advantage of regular attendance at Sunday- 
school and church in their own denomi- 

Mary continued her school work at Som- 
erset, and was graduated from the high 
school there in 1908. That same summer 
she was received into the church, being bap- 
tized by her father. Her life had ever been 
that of a Christian, but now she was su- 
premely happy to know that she was num- 
bered with Christ's own believing children. 

The next two years were spent in Co- 
lumbia College of Expression, Chicago, 
from which institution she was graduated 
with a teacher's diploma in 1910. That fall 
she came to La Verne College, where the 
following two years were spent in teaching 
and study. 

All through these years of study and work 
Mary retained her childhood's dream of 
being a missionary, but when, May 25, 1912, 
she became the wife of L. A. Blickenstaff, 
cashier of the First National Bank of La 
Verne, she folded this dream away, along 
with other childhood memories. Yet she 
had the assurance that the Allwise Father 
was directing her life, and she was happy 
in her new home. This happiness was in- 
creased by the coming of a little son, Leon- 
ard Ellis, Nov. 11, 1913, and again with the 
birth of David Emerson May 20, 1915. 

During the ten years spent in La Verne, 
Mary has taken an active part in the life of 
the church and community. She has been 
superintendent of the Beginners' Depart- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ment of the Sunday-school for the past 
five years. She has been interested in the 
work of the Mothers and Daughters' As- 
sociation, and served as an officer, both 
locally and for the District. During the 
past two years she has continued her stud- 
ies at La Verne College, taking as much 
work as her home duties would permit. She 
has been an excellent student, teacher and 
mother, and beloved by the church which 
she has served so faithfully. 

Mary and her husband, who also has con- 
secrated his life to the service of mankind, 
go forth into their new field of endeavor 
with a high resolve not to be served, but to 
serve, and to give, if need be, their all for 
truth and right. 

Long Beach, Calif. 


(Continued from Page 43) 

People's Society within a radius of five 
miles. And when encouraged by " sitters- 
still": "Oh, it'll just go down, anyway"; 
" It died twice," and " You can't get them 
to work." 

Along comes one who says, " Well, it 
won't go down if only you and I attend. 
They will work if you plan rightly for 

The minister launches his little bark of 
confidence and they organize a society for 
the young people. Older ones are invited. 
How much encouragement they lend as they 
look back twenty-five and thirty years, re- 
gretting they had no such opportunity! 
Selected Christian Worker topics — not too 
difficult for boys and girls in the teens — 
are used the first season. Attendance is 
fair; interest commendable for beginners. 
Unavoidable conditions make it wise to 
discontinue the meetings during the winter. 

When the bluebirds came back in the 
spring, this same preacher was gladdened by 
inquiries like this: "When will the Young 
People's Society start up again?" "Will 
we have one this summer? " Forthwith a 
meeting was called and plans iriade for 
another season's work. They decided to 
study the " Life of Christ." The pastor 
was to lead, and they would all help. Type- 
written outlines were furnished each even- 

ing, with which they followed up the work 
nicely. A responsive interest pervaded the 
entire season. 

At the close their leader and his wife ar- 
ranged for a social evening. All were asked 
to wear "scuff" clothes; bring lanterns and 
lead pencils; and the boys their pocket- 
knives. At eight o'clock they were sup- 
plied with tickets for an imaginary trip 
through Palestine. Ten stop-overs were ar- 
ranged, each representing some place stud- 
ied in the " Life of Christ." The boys and 
girls filled in the name or event. 

First they passed through a stable near 
by; next stopped on the bank of a stream; 
then strolled through a thicket which was 
full of high weeds. They witnessed the 
calling of the first four disciples. At Cana 
they saw water turned into wine; visited the 
temple (their church); met the Samaritan 
woman at the well. Across a ravine from 
the churcn was a splendid representation of 
the Garden of Gethsemane — some large 
boulders, maple trees, an apple tree and a 
spring. After being refreshed by a drink 
of water and some apples, their attention 
was called to the opposite side of the ravine, 
where a large white cardboard cross had 
been erected. Green trees about the church 
furnished a most splendid background. The 
light of the lanterns made this stop more 
impressive than the garden scene. 

Back home the tickets were graded. 
Seven out of the thirty-five had marked 
correctly. While prizes were being award- 
ed, bonfires were lighted. Then all hurried 
to surround them. The boys had a number 
of willow sticks pointed just right for a 
wiener roast. How they did enjoy them 
with buns, pickles, pumpkin pie and hot 

After listening to a bit of verse and song 
by their pastor, it was 10: 30; time boys 
and girls should be off for home. Express- 
ing their desire that the work be continued 
next season, all departed, with many thanks 
for the delightful evening. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

One of India's leading sons said, " If you 
want to win India, win the women of India. 
Win the mothers of India and all India will 
be Christians." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Chinese Girls 

Emma Horning 

The Birth of Sinah 

WHEN Sinah came to live with her 
mother and three sisters they were 
very much disappointed, as they 
wanted a boy baby. They were very poor, 
for their father was lazy and would not stay 
at home and support the family, so the 
mother had to work very hard all day, 
washing and sewing for other people. The 
little girls had to remain home and take 
care of themselves. So when Sinah came 
they said, " We cannot support another girl 
or we will all starve to death." So they 
put the tiny baby on the cold brick floor 
to die, afraid even to look at it for fear 
they would love it and want to keep it. 

One of the neighbors heard how it had 
been left to die, and knowing that the mis- 

sionaries love children, came and told them 
of the neglected baby. They went at once 
to the mother and asked her to take care of 
it, and they would adopt it and pay her for 
its care, so she would have the means to 
support the rest of the family. This was 
agreed to, the baby was wrapped in a 
bundle of rags, fed, and placed on the warm 
brick stove, which was the bed for the 
whole family. After several days the adop- 
tion papers were made out and the mis- 
sionary went to give them to the mother. 
To her surprise the whole family was in 
tears. After they had fed and cared for 
it for several days, they loved the baby 
so much that they could not possibly part 
with it. The other children said they 
would look after it and share their food 

Baby Girls Are Not Wanted in China 


The Missionary Visitor 


with it, and so they did. Now she is in 
the kindergarten each day, learning about 

Thousands of Chinese mothers, who love 
their babies as much as we do ours, are 
too poor to feed and clothe them; so, rather 
than see them suffer all their lives, they 
either give them away or let them die 
when they are born. 

Kwei Sheng's Childhood 

Kwei Sheng was about three years old 
when we first knew her. She was a very 
active child, and kept her mother worried 
all the time, for fear she would hurt herself 
with the big chopping knife with which 
they cut their food, or burn herself in the 
fireplace, or scald herself at the teakettle, 
or tear her new dress, or spoil her new 
shoes, which took her mother so many 
days to make. When she was on the street 
she was liable to be under the feet of the 
donkeys or mules before any one knew it. 
She liked to fly a kite as well as any boy, 
and she kept grasshoppers in a cage and 
crickets in a jar. These pets she enjoyed 
feeding every day. The grasshoppers sang 
for her in the daytime and the crickets at 
night. She enjoyed life very much as long 
as her pranks did not get her into trouble. 
She was the only child, and, sad to relate, 
her father was in such poor circumstances 
that she, like thousands of other little Chi- 
nese girls, was about to be sold as a future 
wife. Then her father would receive a few 
dollars for her and not need to support 
her. The mother was almost heartbroken 
to think of losing her only child. About 
this time the missionaries arrived and 
wanted some one to help in their home. 
Although she was very much afraid of the 
strange foreigners, this was a chance of 
saving her child. So Kwei Sheng and her 
mother came and lived with the missiona- 
ries and learned about Jesus. 

She went to the girls' school as soon as 
she was old enough, and the parents' great 
hope is that she will become a teacher and 
support them in their old age. 
Lanneh's Wedding 

When Lanneh was ten years old her 
mother told her that she was too old to 
play on the street any more. People would 
laugh at her if they saw her out of the court 
yard now. She must stay at home all the 

time and learn to cook and sew, for in a 
few years she would go to her mother-in- 
law's home, and if she could not cook and 
sew they would not like her. At first she 
was put to making shoe soles, then stock- 
ings, and by and by she was able to make 
her jackets and trousers. The year before 
she was married she embroidered many 
pairs of tiny shoes. About this time the 
missionary came to her home and taught 
her to read Bible stories. She was very 
much pleased to learn about Jesus, and 
wanted to go to the girls' school, but her 
mother-in-law said it was time for her to 
get married, as she needed her help in the 
home. Neither she nor her parents had 
ever seen the husband, for all the arrange- 
ments, as usual, had been made by the go- 
between. So when she was fifteen she had 
to prepare for her wedding day. With 
many tears her hair was put up on a knot 
and decorated with the many ornaments 
given to her by her mother-in-law. She 
put on her daintily-embroidered shoes and 
her bright red dress. She gave her home 
folks a sad farewell, was placed in the red 
bride-chair, and taken to her new home, 
where she was married. After this she could 
see her parents but once a year. Her fears 
were realized, for she was not loved in the 
home. She was treated as a slave, and 
nothing she did pleased the family. Her 
husband was at work in the city most of 
the time, so he saw little of her, but he 
did not dare to say anything, even if he 
did see her abused. One day the mission- 
ary visited her village and tried to have a 
visit with her, but she had been forbidden 
to see us, so as soon as we appeared at the 
gate she waved us back with trembling 
hand and frightened face. Some time after 
this we heard that she had taken poison as 
the only means of escape from her life of 

Some brides are happy in their new 
homes, but thousands of them follow the 
same road as Lanneh. Some take poison; 
others jump into the well and drown, and 
still others cut their throats. They know 
no other means of escape, for they see no 
ray of hope in this life, and they know noth- 
ing of the hope of heaven. Only by teach- 
ing them and their parents to love Jesus 
can they be happy. 

Ping Ting Chou, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Chinese Boys of North Central China 

Ernest D. Vaniman 

A Group of Chinese Boys 

" Boys will be boys 
With their racket an4 noise." 

I SUPPOSE the reason they "will be" 
boys is because they are boys. God 
made them boys, and, as some one has 
said, gave them a thousand muscles to make 
them wiggle and not one to keep them still. 
Chinese boys have just as many muscles 
as American boys, but there are none with 
blue eyes and light hair. They all have 
black eyes and black, straight hair. There 
are no curly heads among the Chinese. In 
Shansi they are not allowed to wear the 
queue, so they all have the hair cut close or 
shaved off many times, leaving only a small 
circle of short hair on the top of the head 
or a narrow strip from front to back. Their 
noses are broad and flat and look as if they 
might have been smashed. Some of them 
have almond-shaped eyes that are nearly 
closed when they laugh, and many of the 
eyes slant slightly upward at the outer 
corner. They have very pretty teeth when 
clean, and they are learning to wash their 
teeth. They seem to have better teeth than 
American children, and I think it is because 
they eat mostly vegetables and grains. They 
eat very little meat, and no candy made of 
sugar. What candy they do have is made 
from grains and malt and is very healthful. 

Of course you know 
they use a pair of chop-' 
sticks — usually made of 
bamboo — to get the pieces 
of hot food from their 
bowls to their mouths. 
They drink soups, tea and 
hot water from their 
bowls or from their tea- 
cups. They do not like 
ice cream, iced tea, nor 
cold water, but they do 
like green apricots, raw 
fruits, nuts, cucumbers, 
pumpkins, watermelons 
and watermelon seeds; 
also the large sunflower 
seeds. The nut hulls, 
bones, etc., they throw 
on the floor. 
The Chinese parents want boys rather 
than girls, and there are many ways in 
which the parents try to fool the evil spirits 
so that they will not harm their little boys. 
The boy is often given a girl's name, or the 
name of an animal, like the cow or water 
buffalo, so that the evil spirits will think he 
is not worth taking. The Chinese believe 
these -evil spirits are very stupid, and that 
they are afraid of tigers, so the boys are 
dressed in tiger suits. These are made of 
yellow and black striped cloth, and have a 
cloth tail sewed on the back of the coat. 
Then they also wear caps, which have 
bright-colored tiger's ears, eyes, nose and 
mouth and the tail at the back of the cap. 
The mouth on the cap is open and shows 
the teeth and the red tongue sticking out. 
They also play with toy tigers, and so they 
think they are protected from the evil 

They wear cloth slippers and muslin socks. 
Their trouser legs are bound around the 
ankles with bands of cloth about two feet 
long. The slipper soles are made of cloth 
or paper, so they do not like rain or snow, 
as the slippers soon get wet through. There 
are no buttons or strings to the slippers, 
so it is easy to take off the dirty, wet things 


The Missionary Visitor 


at the door and not trouble mother by 
tracking up the floor. Their beds are simply 
good, big comforters, one each, in which 
they roll up on the warm kang — brick bed. 
When they come to the boarding-school 
they carry their beds with them, and when 
school is out and they return home they 
take up their beds and walk. 

They usually go bareheaded but never 
barefooted. Some wear black skull caps 
and leave them on in the house. Some of 
their schools have racks just inside the 
door, not for the hats and coats, but for the 
slippers. They leave their coats on in the 
house, as they have very little fire. In many 
of the schools they still study aloud. They 
sit on the warm kang with their legs crossed 
in front of them, and swing their bodies 
back and forth as they " sing " their lessons 
and commit them all to memory. When a 
boy can repeat his lesson — usually one or 
two pages — he takes his book to his teacher, 
bows low to him, gives him the book, then 
turns his back to the teacher and repeats his 
1 sson in the same "singsong" manner as 
he had learned it. We do not do this way 
in our mission schools, and the new govern- 
ment schools are having classes much like 
we have. 

Chinese boys like to play as well as any 
other boys. They do not play ball as we do 
in America, but games something like " hop- 
scotch," "pig in the pen/' etc. Their best 
board games are similar to our chess and 
fig mill. In the kite season they fly all 
kinds of kites. They send messages up the 
kite string, and often fly kites at night, with 
lanterns fastened to them. They are very 
pretty as these lights of different colors 
dance about in the sky. 

Chinese boys are very polite, stopping on 
the street and bowing to their friends. Their 
custom is to shake their own hands instead 
of each other's, and if they happen to wear 
spectacles, to take them off when they greet 
anyone. They never walk by the side of 
older folks, but always behind them, as a 
sign of respect. They often quarrel, but 
seldom fight. 

The boys in heathen homes are taught 
to burn incense and paper money — used for 
worship only — at the graves, in the temples 
before the idols, and before the ancestral 
tablets in their homes. They learn at the 

mission about the one true God and our 
loving Savior, Jesus. When they know of 
our religion most all are glad to become 
Christians and to tell others about Jesus. 

We should become better acquainted with 
our Chinese brothers and act like brothers 
toward them. We can do that best just 
now by doing all we can to help them to 
keep alive till something grows for them to 
eat. You know many of them are starving 
and freezing to death. Many boys are being 
sold by their parents, because they cannot 
feed them nor get clothes for them. Some- 
times they cannot even sell or give their 
children away, and then, rather than to see 
them starve to death, they poison the chil- 
dren or throw them into the river, or even 
bury them alive. Two dollars will feed a 
boy a whole month in China. Send all you 
can spare to the General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111., and they will send it on to China. 
Also let us pray that they may come to 
know our kind Father, God, and our loving 
Savior, Jesus. 

La Verne, Calif. 


(Continued from Page 39) 

I am happy to know that their work stands 
in very high regard among their fellow- 
missionaries in North China. 

Now we are gone. The farewells have 
been said. At each station we were es- 
corted out of the city by missionaries, 
workers and the schoolchildren, who sang 
their farewell songs to us and bade us their 
last Ping-An. May God ever bless our China 
Mission and its faithful workers is the 
prayer of our hearts as we set our faces 
toward Hong Kong and India. May he 
bless you and be near unto every reader 
of the Missionary Visitor. 

In love, as ever, 

J. H. B. Williams. 

" I may not do much with all my care, 
But I surely may bless a few; 
.The loving Jesus will give to me 

Some work of love to do. 
I may wipe the tears from some weeping 
I may bring the smile again 
To a face that is weary and worn with 

To a heart that is full of pain." 


The Missionary Visitor 




Corrections: See December Visitor: Under China 
Famine Relief, Western Pennsylvania, contribution 
of Isaac S. Miller and Wife, $100.00, and James H. 
Shaffer, and Wife, $10.00, should instead have ap- 
peared under Southern Pennsylvania. 

Under China Girls' School: Contribution of $25.00 
of Ever Faithful Class of Lancaster, Eastern Penn- 
sylvania S. S., is requested changed to China Share 

See January Visitor: Under China Famine Relief, 
under Southern Indiana, contribution credited to 
White Branch Aid Society of White Congregation 
should instead have been of Nettle Creek Congre- 

During the month of December, the Board sent 
out 4,244 pages of tracts. The following contribu- 
tions to the Board's funds were received during 

California— $91.00 

Southern District, Individuals: S. Bock, 
$40; S. Bock, $1; S. L. Gross and Wife, $50, $ 91 00 
Cando— $0.50 

Individual: J. H. Brubaker (M. N.), 50 

Colorado— $13.00 

Northeastern District, Individual: Hattie 
L. Weaver, 10 00 

Southeastern District, Individual: Mrs. 
N. A. Kemper 1 00 

Western District, Individual: Mrs. H. M. 

Long, 2 00 

Idaho— $9.50 

Individuals: L. Clanin, $2.50; Ella Hos- 

tetler, $5; J. B. Lehman, $2, 9 50 

Illinois— $68.29 

Northern District, Congregations: Mt. 
Morris, $40.09; Shannon, $23; Individuals: 

A Sister, $4; Jennie Harley, $1.20, 68 29 

Indiana— $382.21 

Middle District, Congregations: Bachelor 
Run, $100; Pipe Creek, $31.50; Individuals: 
"In His Name," $5; A Brother of Roann, 
$1.50; I. R Beery, 50c (M. N.); Otho Win- 
ger, 50c (M. N.); Sunday-schools: Young 
Ladies' Class, Burnettsville, $50; Burnetts- 
ville, $57.40; Plunge Creek Chapel, $47.82, . . 294 22 

Northern District, Congregation: English 
Prairie, $14; Individuals: D. B. Hartman, 
$1; Levi Zumbrum. $12; Sunday-school: 
English Prairie, $4.26, 3126 

Southern District, Congregations: Ander- 
son, $15.28; Mississinewa, $41.45, 56 73 

Iowa— $132.95 

Middle District, Individuals: I. W. Bru- 
baker, 50c (M. N.); Eliz. Fahrney (de- 
ceased). $5; Dr. S. B. Miller, 50c (M. N); 
S. B. Miller, 50c (M. NV>; C. Z. Reitz, $40, .. 46 50 

Northern District, Individuals: W. O. 
Tannreuther, 50c (M. N.) ; W. S. Rodeffer, 
$50; Sunday-school: Greene, $5.95 56 45 

Southern District, Individuals: B. F. Gil- 
lam and Wife, $25; Sunday-school: Frank- 
lin, $5 30 00 

Kansas— $125.00 
Northeastern District, District Meeting 

of Northeastern District 100 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation: Fre- 

donia 25 00 

Maryland— $76.35 

Eastern District, Cngregations: Beaver- 
dam, $22.60; Peach Blossom, $1.25 23 85 

Middle District, Congregations: Long- 
meadow, $20; Manor, $30; Individual: J. S. 

Bowlus, 50c (M. N.), 50 50 

Western District, Individual: Mrs. Erne 

Bittingcr, 2 00 

Missouri — $20.00 

Middle District, Congregation: Prairie 
View 20 00 

Nebraska— $71.65 

Congregation: South Beatrice, 7165 

New York— $0.50 

Individual: J. S. Noffsinger (M. N.), 50 

Ohio— $3.00 

Northeastern District, Individual: Mary 
A. Shroyer, 3 00 

Oklahoma— $2.00 

Individual: Mrs. J. M. Murray, 2 00 

Oregon— $106.10 

Congregations: Myrtle Point, $79.10; -Wes- 
ton, $23; Weston, $4, 106 10 

Pennsylvania— $893.47 

Eastern District, Congregations: Ephrata, 
$50; Indian Creek, $64.76; Mechanic Grove, 
$10; Spring Grove, $15; Dist. No. 2 S. S. and 
Missionary Meeting, $47.81, 187 57 

Middle District, Individuals: O. Perry 
Hoover, $6; Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Kensinger, 
$10; Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $5, 21 00 

Southeastern District, Congregations: 
Coventry, $240; Germantown, $238.93 478 93 

Southern District, Christian Workers: 
Brandt's, $25; Congregations: Pleasant Hill, 
$115; Upper Conewago, $5; Individual: Ellen 
S. Stranser, $1, 146 00 

Western District, Congregation: Manor, 
$15; Individuals: S. P. Early, 50c (M. N.); 
Amanda Roddy, $10; Sunday-schools: Gar- 
rett, $26. N 47; Pike, $8, 5997 

South Carolina— $27.00 

Congregation: Brooklyn, 27 00 

Tennessee — $5.00 

Individual: A Sister, 5 00 

Texas— $60.00 

Individuals: Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Blocher, 

$50; Mrs. A. Griffith, $10, 60 00 

Virginia— $114.08 

Eastern District, Individual: Mrs. C. R. 
Frick 60 

First District, Individual: Sallie E. Purs- 
ley 500 

Northern District, Congregation: Cedar 
Grove, $36.48; Individuals: Maggie V. Fred- 
erick (deceased), $55.50; Benj. Wine, $10, .. 101 98 

Second District, Individuals: Bettie F. 
Lamb and Father, $5; John D. Wampler, $1, 6 00 

Southern District, Individual: A. N. Hyl- 

ton (M. N.), 50 

West Virginia— $250.00 

First District, Individuals: W. W. Bane 
and Wife, $50; Catharine Harper (deceased), 
$200, 250 00 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 1,55157 

Total for the month $ 4 003 17 

Total previously reported 57,942 25 

Total for the year $ 61,945 42 

Illinois— $2.70 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin, 

$1; Sunday-school: Elgin, $1.70, 2 70 

Ohio— $45.20 

Northeastern District, Aid Society: Ak- 
ron, $15; Individual: No. 50713, $25 40 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Stone- 
lick, 5 20 

Oregon — $10.00 

Individuals: A. E. Troyer and Wife, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.00 

Eastern District, Sunday- schopl: Glean- 
ers' S. S. Class, Ephrata, 2 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern District, Individual: 
ber Sausman 

Nora Sei- 

10 00 

Total for the month, $ 69 90 

Total previously reported, 1,769 66 

Total for the year $ 1,839 56 

California— $57.24 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Lind- 


Southern District, Individual: No. 50043,, 
Colorado— $25.00 

Southeastern District, Individual: Sewell 

Illinois— $69.90 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin, 
$2; Sunday-schools: Primary Dept., Wad- 
dams Grove, $32.90; Primary Dept., Hast- 
ings Street Mission, $35, 

Indiana— $52.50 

Middle District, Aid Society: Manchester, 
$10; Sunday-school, Willing Workers' Class, 
Flora, $25; Willing Workers' Class, Ogans 
Creek, $8.75 

Northern District, Christian Workers: 
Turkey Creek, 

Kansas— $6.25 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school: 

Loyal Workers' Class, Parsons 

Minnesota— $25.00 

Lewiston Christian Workers, 

Nebraska— $20.00 

Sunday-school: Octavia, 

New Mexico — $7.40 

Sunday-school: Clovis, 

Ohio— $S2.66 

Northwestern District, Individuals: No. 
49790, $8.75; Walter and Hazel Niswander, 
$10; Sunday-school: Sunshine Class, E. 
Swan Creek. $10, 

Southern District, Aid Society: New Car- 
lisle, $20; Congregation: Harris Creek, $8.91; 

Individual: Rev. J. M. Pittenger, $25 

Oklahoma— $35.00 

Individual: Jennie M. Garber 

Pennsylvania— $276.16 

Eastern District, Aid Society: West Green 
Tree, $17.50; Sunday-schools: Other Folks 
Class, Hatfield, $8.75; Elizabeth Blauch's 
Class. Palmyra, $36, 

Middle District, Sunday-school: Stoners- 
town, $35; Teachers' Training Class, Ston- 
erstown, $35, 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school: 

Southern District, Aid Society: Carlisle, 
$16; Sunday-school: Second York, $31, 

Western District. Christian Workers: 
Meyersdale, $35; Sunday-school: Trinity 
Bible Class, Hooversville (Quemahoning), 
$25; Morrellville, $11.91 

Transferred from Forward Movement, .. 

44 74 
12 50 

25 00 

69 90 

43 75 

8 75 

6 25 

25 00 

20 00 

7 40 

28 75 

53 91 
35 00 

62 25 

70 00 
25 00 
47 00 

71 91 
51 00 

Total for the month $ 708 11 

Total previously reported, 5,218 98 

Total for the year, $ 5,927 09 

Illinois— $60.00 

Northern District. Individuals: Katharine 

Boyer, $50; M. L. Kimmel, $10 60 00 

Kansas— $25.00 

S. S. Class of E. F. Sherfy 

Oregon— $35.00 

Myrtle Point Christian Workers, 

Pennsylvania— $35. 00 

Western District, Sunday-school: Wo- 
man's Adult Bible Class, Summit, 

25 00 

35 00 

Washington— $12.50 

Sunday-school: Soul Savers' Class, Out- 

West Virginia— $12.50 

Second District, Sunday-school: Beans 


Transferred from Forward Movement, .. 

12 50 
93 90 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

273 90 
4,035 40 

Total for the year, $ 4,309 30 

Maryland— $5.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school: Edge- 

Nebraska— $60.00 

Sunday-school: Kearney, 

Ohio— $100.00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school: 

Northwestern District, Aid Society: 
Pleasant View, 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Green- 

Pennsylvania— $71.63 

Southeastern District, Congregation: 1st 

Southern District, Sunday-school: East- 

Western District, Sunday-school: Organ- 
ized Class No. 2, Beachdale S. S. 

Transferred from Forward Movement, .. 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the month, 


5 00 

60 00 

60 00 

25 00 

15 00 

40 00 

6 63 

25 00 
9 19 

$ 245 82 
2,340 83 

.$ 2,586 65 

Illinois— $1.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin,.. 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Total previously reported 193 29 

Total for the year, $ 194 29 

Illinois— $2.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin,.. 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Total previously reported, 468 98 

Total for the year, $ 470 98 

Ohio— $25.00 

Southern District, Individual: Rev. J. M. 
Pittenger 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 252 00 

Total for the year $ 

California— $12.50 

Southern District, Individual: No. 50043, 
Oregon— $18.60 

Sunday-school: Birthday Offering, Port- 

Transferred from Forward Movement, .. 

277 00 

12 50 

18 60 
20 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

Total for the year, $ 


51 10 
78 00 

Illinois— $12.35 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Elgin, 
Indiana— $55.00 
Middle District, Individuals: Dr. E. O. 

Metzger and Wife, 

Northern District, Individual: Mrs. Flora 

35 00 I. Myers, 

Kansas— $5.00 
Southwestern District, Individual: Erma 
12 50 Martin 

129 10 

12 35 

50 00 
5 00 

5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $8.10 

Congregation: Homestead 8 10 

Ohio— $46.76 

Northeastern District, Individual: No. 
50713, 25 00 

Southern District, Congregation: Beaver 
Creek, $16.76; Individual: M. Edith Riley, $5, 21 76 

Pennsylvania— $55.08 

Eastern District, Sunday-school: Earl- 
ville, 10 00 

Southern District, Individuals: S. C. God- 
frey, $35.08; Nora Sieber Sausman, $10, .... 45 08 
Virginia— $1.55 

First District, Congregation: Green Hill, 1 55 

Total for the month, $ 183 84 

Total previously reported 1,780 22 

Total for the year, $ 1,964 06 

California— $15.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Empire, 15 00 

Indiana— $62.50 

Middle District, Aid Society: Manchester, 37 50 

Southern District, Individual: M. A. Barn- 
hart 25 00 

Kansas— $30.00 

Northeastern District, Congregation: Ap- 
panoose, 30 00 

Michigan— $30.00 

Congregation: Woodland, 30 00 

North Dakota— $30.00 

Congregation : Kenmare 30 00 

Ohio— $37.50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school: 

Two Ladies' Bible Classes, 37 50 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

Western District, Sunday-school: Organ- 
ized Class No. 2, Beachdale S. S., 25 00 

Total for the month $ 230 00 

Total previously reported, 2,044 16 

Total for the year, $ 2,274 16 

New Mexico— $14.31 

Sunday-school: Clovis, 14 31 

Oregon— $2.50 

Individual: Ella Floyd, 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $21.46 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Second 
York, 15 50 

Western District, Sunday-school: Mor- - 
rellville 5 96 

Total for the month, $ 38 27 

Total previously reported, 482 27 

Total for the year, $ 520 54 

California— $11.08 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Lind- 
say 11 08 

New Mexico— $14.31 

Sunday-school: Clovis, 14 31 

Oregon— $2.50 

Individual: Ella Floyd, 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $21.46 

Southern District, Sunday-school: Second 
York 15 50 

Western District, Sunday-school: Mor- 

rellville 5 96 

Virginia— $1.00 

First District, Sunday-school: Pleasant 
View 100 

Total for the month $ 50 35 

Total previously reported, 286 60 

Total for the year, $ 336 95 

Indiana— $20.00 

Middle District, Individuals: Ida and 
Mary Brubaker, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 00 

Total previously reported 2,150 13 

Total for the year, $ 2,170 13 

Illinois — $1.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin,.. 1 00 

Total for the month $ 1 00 

Total previously reported, 1,564 38 

Total for the year, $ 1,565 38 

Indiana— $46.50 

Middle District, Congregation: Mexico, 46 50 

Total for the month, $ 46 50 

Total previously reported, 599 58 

Total for the year, $ 646 08 

Alabama— $46.00 

Congregation: Fruitdale, $6; Individuals: 
W. B. Neher, $25; Jacob Wine, $2; A Sister 
of Fruitdale Congregation, $8; A Brother 
and Sister, $5, 46 00 

Arizona— $41.00 

Individuals: B. F. Glick, $25; S. J. Swi- 
gart, $10; Receipt No. 50421, $6, 4100 

Arkansas— $67.25 

Congregation: Springdale, 67 25 

California— $3,459.16 

Northern District, Aid Society: Patter- 
son, $9; Congregations: Chico, $25; Em- 
pire, $95.12; Empire, $59.59; Fresno, $41; 
Laton, $60; Lindsay, $20; Lindsay, $293.47; 
Live Oak, $49.20; Live Oak, $154.33; McFar- 
land, $202.35; McFarland, $18.62; Patterson, 
$192.65; Raisin, $20; Rio Linda, $4.35; Reed- 
ley, $196.40; Waterford, $50.78; Christian 
Workers: Golden Gate, $26; Individuals: C. 
D. and Tenna Sherfy Leighton, $5; Receipt 
No. 50046, $100; Aid Societies of Northern 
Calif., $26.85; Sunday-school: Golden Gate, 
$41.43, 1,691 14 

Southern District, Congregations: Pasa- 
dena, $27.50; 1st Los Angeles, $59; Tropico, 
$14.30; La Verne, $315.76; Boyle Heights 
Mission, $38; Pomona, $119; South Los 
Angeles, $75; First Los Angeles, $18; Her- 
mosa Beach Mission, $83; Covina, $279.92; 
South Los Angeles, $113; Individuals: Ira 
Studebaker, $10; Receipt No. 50027, $10; N. 
Kail, $10; Ed. and Minnie Watts, $10; Mrs. 
Sarah A. Nininger, $5; Otis Hyatt and Wife, 
$12; Ira G. and Anna Cripe. $50; S. Bock, 
$10; Receipt No. 50043. $75; Missionary So- 
ciety of Long Beach Cong., $12; Missionary 
Society of Long Beach Cong., $71; Sunday- 
schools: Ingle wood, $104.25; Adult Bible 
Class, Pasadena, $30; El Centro, $13.29; 
" Sage " Union, at Hemet, $10; Egan S. S. 
and Cong., $125; Los Angeles, $68, 1,768 02 

Canada— $166.63 

Congregation: Bow Valley, $16.63; Indi- 
vidual: Receipt No. 50017, $150, 166 63 

Colorado— $1,160.96 

Northeastern District, Congregations: 
Antioch, $32.46; Colorado Springs, $38; Den- 
ver, $15; Denver, $65.30; Haxtun, $44; Ster- 
ling, $32.03; Sterling, $25; Individual: Hat- 
tie L. Weaver, $20 271 79 

Southeastern District, Congregations: 


The Missionary Visitor 


Rocky Ford, $669; Wiley, $153.87; Wiley, 
$6.30; Individuals: N. A. Kemper and Wife, 
$20; Mrs. Therese Lohmiller, $3; Sunday- 
school: Vroman Union, $35, 887 17 

Western District, Congregation: Smith 
Fork, 2 00 

Delaware— $94.47 

Congregation: Bethany, $14.47; Individu- 
als: Chas. Fifer and Wife, $25; Chas. Fifer 
and Wife, $25; Virginia M. Fifer, $6; Flela 
M. Fifer, $6; Christian Krabill, $10; J. B. 

Hostedler's Family, $8 94 47 

Florida— $57.68 

Individuals: S. W. Bail, $10; Wm. Bixler, 
$6; J. V. Felthouse and Wife, $10; H. Etta 
Hoke, $6; B. F. Lightner and Wife, $10; 
Bible Class of St. Petersburg S. S., $15.68, 57 68 

Georgia— $1.00 

Individual: David Harner, 1 00 

Idaho— $589.68 

Congregations: Bowmont, $56.84; Nampa, 
$77; Nezperce, $39.65; Payette Valley, $67.32; 
Twin Falls, $55.36; Winchester, $7.30; In- 
dividuals: Ella Hostetler, $5; Mrs. M. K. 
Hathaway, $1; C. Ray Keim, $5; Mary Sher- 
fy, $10; Dora Sherfy Steinour, $15; Harry L. 
Wolfe, $32; Sunday-schools: Truth Seekers' 
Class, Nampa, $33; The Victors Class, Nam- 
pa, $7; Payette Valley, $111.35; Rock Creek 
Union, $5.55; Twin Falls, $57.86; Primary 
Class, Twin Falls, $3.45 589 68 

Illinois— $3,208.27 

Northern District, Aid Society: Elgin, 
$25; Elgin, $37; Franklin Grove, $72; Lan- 
ark, $5; Congregations: Chicago (Bethany), 
$38; Bethany, $88.10; Bethany, $293.53; Dix- 
on, $25.50; Douglas Park Mission, $61.40; El- 
gin Junior, $20; Elgin, $76.14; Franklin 
Grove, $125.50; Hastings St. Mission, $12.07; 
Hastings St. Mission, $50; Hastings St. 
Mission, $78.47; Lanark, $109.50; Lanark, 
$147.87; Milledgeville, $105; Naperville, 
$42.72; Rockford, $21.95; Rockford Cong, and 
S. S., $82.73; Yellow Creek, $31.49; Mt. Mor- 
ris, $83.48; Shannon, $32; Individuals: Lydia 
Bricknell, $3; M. L. Kimmel, $50; Receipt 
No. 50579, $12; A Sister, $10; Katherine Boy- 
er, $10; Mahlon W. Butterbaugh, $15; Chas. 
E. Delp, $10; Joseph M. Eby, $10; Daniel 
and Lydia Frantz, $20; Otto Gibson, $1; 
Frances Goffin, $12; Rebecca S. Heagley, 
$12; Hattie Heckman, $10; Mr. and Mrs. I. 
L. Hoke r $2; A. C. Kessler, $10; Mrs. Susan 
Kessler, $10; A. V. Shultz and Family, $3; 
E. P. and Alice Trostle, $50; J. H. B. Wil- 
liams, $50; Mr. and Mrs. Amos W. Zillhart, 
$6; Sunday-schools: Sterling, $77.66; Volun- 
teer Band of Bethany Bible School, $2.40; 
Bethany Volunteer Band, $3.25; Bethany 
Volunteer Band, $2.55; Elgin S. S., $237.90, 2,294 21 

Southern District, Aid Society: Virden, 
$50; Congregations: Allison Prairie, $17.60; 
Cerro Gordo, $5; Cerro Gordo, $211.60; Cham- 
paign, $8.91; Decatur, $125; Kaskaskia, 
$18.04; Macoupin Creek, $56.17; Romine, $20; 
Virden, $152.77; Virden, $10; Woodland, 
$48.72; Individuals: A Sister, $4; Sister S. 
M. Airos, $6; Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Carson, 
$5; Mary Corbin, $10; M. Flory and Wife, 
$5; Mrs. R. A. Forney, $2; Lizzie Gergen, 
$1; Hettie T. Gibble, $3; Wm. S. Gibble and 
Wife. $15; Abraham H. Lind, $10; Mrs. Mar- 
tha Phillips, $10; Mrs. A. M. Shultz, $1; 
Charles Walter and Wife, $12; Mr. and Mrs. 
C. I. Weber, $6; Union Meeting Cerro Gor- 
do, $25; Sunday-schools: Hammond, $21.34; 

Hudson, $7; La Place, $46.91, 914 06 

Indiana— $4,567.63 

Middle District, Aid Societies: Clear 
Creek, $50; Lower Deer Creek, $9.27; Mon- 
ticello, $25; Congregations: Andrews, $30; 
Andrews. $70; Beaver Creek, $11.37; Eel 
River, $65.71; Logansport, $13.63; Logans- 
port, $18.55; Lower Deer Creek, $40.73; Pipe 
Creek. $46.25; Pleasant Dale, $56.45; Pleas- 
ant Dale, $38.95; Pleasant View, $11.77; 
Spring Creek, $75; Sugar Creek, $10.83; 
Sugar Grove House (Prairie Creek), $10.25; 

South Whitley, $14; Wabash, $10; Individ- 
uals: A Sister, $10; A Brother, $5; "In His 
Name," $5; Sarah A. Ball, $2; Maud Fun- 
derburg, $20; Josephine Hanna, $6; Milo G. 
Huffman and Wife, $10; A. D. Lair, $25; Or- 
val Lower, $25; Dr. E. O. Metzger and 
Wife, $25; Marion L. Myers, $6; Mrs. Grace 
Miller, $2; Emma J. Reiff, $5; Lawrence 
Shultz, $12; Levi L. and Florence Ulrich, 
$25; Levi Zumbrun, $25; Sunday-schools: 
Willing Workers' Class, Ogans Creek, $6; 
Courter, $20.10; Cradle Roll, Flora, $15.06; 
Flora, $13.50; Men's Bible Class, Flora, 
$54.50; Women's Bible Class, Flora, $16; 
Hickory Grove, $70; Huntington City, $18; 
Landess, $31; Willing Workers' Class, Loon 
Creek, $5; Manchester, $167.05; Berean Bible 
Class. Markle, $75; Pleasant View, $50; Will- 
ing Workers' Class, Plunge Creek, $41.95,.. 1,398 92 

Northern District, Aid Societies: Bliss- 
ville, $25; Elkhart Valley, $63.75; Goshen 
City, $25; Turkey Creek, $50; Congrega- 
tions: Auburn, $12.25; Blissville, $27.70; 
Blissville, $12.25; Bremen, $62.15; Camp 
Creek, $29.01; Cedar Lake (South), $71; Elk- 
hart Valley, $93.45; New Paris, $70; First 
South Bend, $3; First South Bend, $5; La 
Porte, $20.20; Maple Grove, $20.20; Middle- 
bury, $27.76; North Winona Lake, $54.53; 
North Liberty, $27.88; Oak Grove, $33; 
Pleasant Hill, $101.06; Plymouth, $31.73; 
Rock Run, $19; Second South Bend. $47.50; 
Salem Cong, and S. S., $40; Shipshewana, 
$40; Solomon Creek, $20.59; Union Center, 
$156; Walnut, $45.40; Yellow River, $6; Yel- 
low River, $39.25; Individuals: Unknown 
Donor, $3; A Sister of Nappanee, $6; A Sis- 
ter of Cedar Lake Cong., $10; Receipt No. 
49834, $1; Receipt No. 49507, $7; A Young 
Sister, $20; Mrs. Wm. Borroughs, $10; Chas. 
Eaton, $5; Susan Ecklebarger, $10; Bertha 
Bucher Fisher Memorial, $50; Eli Garber 
and Family, $10; M. A. Harbaugh, $5; Jo- 
seph Hoover, $100; Keith and Hoy Jones, 
$1.25; Emerald Jones and Family, $4.75; 
Amanda Miller, $20; David J. Miller, $1; 
Florence E. Miller, $1; Mr. and Mrs. W. U. 
Miller, $10; Laura V. Roop, $4; Marie Shive- 
ly, $20; W. H. Weybright, $25; Sarah Whit- 
mer, $15; Sunday-schools: Boys' Class No. 
3, Bethany, $32.49; Blissville, $10; Christian 
Service Class, Elkhart Valley, $30; Goshen 
City, $141.21; Dorcas Class, Goshen City, 
$10; Birthday Offerings, Middlebury, $10; 
Primary Department, Middlebury $10; The 
Loyal Class, Middlebury, $27; Middlebury, 
$8.25; Nappanee, $255; Children of the King 
Class, North Winona, $5; Class No. 2, Sec- 
ond South Bend, $13.75; Tippecanoe, $16.20; 
Wawaka, $32.33; Columbia City Church of 
God, $7.03; Shipshewana High School, A. L. 
Sellers, Prin., $22, 2,248 92 

Southern District, Aid Societies: Ander- 
son, $24; Brick (Nettle Creek), $32; Pyr- 
mont, $25; Christian Workers: Fairview, 
$30; Congregations: Anderson, $17.50; An- 
derson, $31.21; Arcadia, $11; Howard, $24.10; 
Kilbuck, $33.62; Middletown, $8; Mount 
Pleasant, $29.06; Noblesville, $26.10; Plevna, 
$35; Pyrmont, $90.83; Rossville, $18; Sum- 
mitville, $8.64; Individuals: A Brother, 
$11.16; A Sister of Muncie, $5; Robert M. 
Bowers, $12; D. C. Campbell, $6; Mr. and 
Mrs. Oscar J. Harrison, $4; A. Krall, $5; 
Mrs. Geo. Kitch, $25; Grant and Minnie 
Lexington, $10; Mattie Mathews, $5; Mat- 
tie McMahan, $5; Dorcas Mitchell (de- 
ceased), $8; F. L. Sanders, $3; Myrtle Turn- 
er, $20; Sunday-schools: Beech Grove, $14; 
Truth Seekers' Class, Brick, $20; Young 
People's Class. Howard, $23.60; Indianapolis, 
$57.53; Kokomo, $10; Maple Grove, $35.10; 
Bible Class No. 1, Mississinewa, $25; Adult 
Bible Class, Noblesville, $4.75; Junior Class, 
Noblesville, $1.15; Pyrmont, $100; Willing 
Workers' Class, Rossville, $8.17; Rossville, 
$42.27; Bible Class No. 2, Union Grove, $15, 919 79 
Iowa— $4,075.64 

Middle District, Congregations: Brooklyn, 
$22.69; Cedar, $94.20; Des Moines Valley, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$34.46; Dry Creek, $16.50; Dry Creek, $79.64; 
Garrison, $27.04; Panther Creek, $10; Pan- 
ther Creek, $45; Prairie City, $34.82; Indi- 
viduals: A Friend, $10; G. E. Goughnour 
and Wife, $5; Joseph Newcomer, $10; W. H. 
Royer and Wife, $20; Ann R. Troup, $10; 
Eli Ulrey, $12.50; Sunday-school: Panora, 

$50 48185 

Northern District, Aid Society: .Waterloo 
City, $50; Congregations: Kingsley, $11; 
Kingsley, $103.30; Sheldon, $61.50; Spring 
Creek, $27.60; Individuals: Mr. and Mrs. I. 
D. Bell, $10; David Brallier and Family, 
$15; W. I. Buckingham and Wife, $50; W. 
S. Rodeffer, $50; F. B. Culler and Wife, $12; 
Bessie Kanost, $25; Mrs. Bertha Meyers, 

f; O. E. Wagner and Wife, $5; Mary D. 
elty, $1; Mrs. Pete Zapf, $5; Sunday- 
schools: Franklin County, $86.75; Primary 
Dept., Greene, $8; Greene, $57.70; Ivester, 
$562.38; Brethren's Bible Class, Waterloo 
City, $160; Sister's Bible Class, Waterloo 
City, $106; Young Men's Bible Class, $101; 
Men's Adult Bible Class, $100; Young La- 
dies' Bible Class, $90; Plus Ultra Bible 
Class, Waterloo City, $87; Intermediate 
Boys' Class, Waterloo City, $75; Interme- 
diate Girls' Class, Waterloo City, $20; Sec- 
ond Junior Class of Girls, Waterloo City, 
$14; Junior Boys' Class, Waterloo City, $10; 
Primary Boys' Class, $5.50; Juniors, Water- 
loo City, $2.40; Waterloo City, $87.92; Pri- 
mary Department, South Waterloo, $62.30; 
Junior Dept., South Waterloo, $62; Baraca 
Class, South Waterloo, $5; Dorsey Blough's 
Class, South Waterloo, $10; God's Faithful 
Workers' Class, South Waterloo, $17; Inter- 
mediate Dept., South Waterloo, $20; Girls 
Teachers' Training, South Waterloo, $51; G. 
R. G., South Waterloo, $65; I. T's., South 
Waterloo, $81.25; Ever Faithful Class, So. 
Waterloo, $181; Men's Bible Class, South 
Waterloo, $185.50; Loyal Helpers, South Wa- 
terloo, $100; T. P's, South Waterloo, $122; 
Search Light Class, South Waterloo, $81; 
Grandfather's Class, South Waterloo, $61.50; 
Grandmother's Class, South Waterloo, $81; 
South Waterloo, $33.88, 3,224 48 

Southern District, Congregations: Eng- 
lish River. $41.05; Liberty ville, $61; Monroe 
County, $21.76; Mt. Etna, $2.11; Osceola, 
$26.55; Salem, $35.60; South Keokuk, Cong, 
and S. S., $70.53; Individuals: B. F. Gillam 
and Wife. $24; L. E. and E. E. Buzzard, $10; 
Joshua Davis and Wife, $10; Elizabeth 
Gable, $10; C. H. Keim, $7; Mrs. Geo. Rep- 
logle, $5; Isaac E. Webb, $11.50; Sunday- 
school: North English, $33.21, 369 31 

Kansas— $2,289.89 

Northeastern District, Aid Society: Osaw- 
kie, $5; Christian Workers: Sabetha, $10;. 
Congregations: Appanoose, $76; Chapman 
Creek, $63.92; East Maple Grove, $6.50; 
Olathe, $30.50; Richland Center, $21.35; Sa- 
betha, $44.45; Topeka, $13.25, Individuals: 
James Brandt, $10; Mary Hickerson, $5; 
Mrs. Lydia Kimmel, $10; Mrs. R. A. Mosier, 
$10; Reuben Myers, $25; W. W. Peebler, 
$10; Amanda Smith, $5; Erne Steffy, $1; G. 
A. Wingert, $5; Sunday-schools: Chapman 
Creek, $36.08; Servants of the Master Class, 
Morrill, $100; Olathe, $7.20; Richland Cen- 
ter, $85; Missionary Dept., Morrill, $63.20,.. 643 45 

Northwestern District, Congregations: 
Belleville, $152.25;. Maple Grove, $56; North 
Solomon, $56.65; Quinter. $192.22; Individ- 
uals: Mrs. Clara T. Brandt, $4; C. C. Dell, 
$100; B. F. Jamison, $50 611 12 

Southeastern District, Aid Society: Osage, 
$9; Congregations: Grenola, $17; New Hope, 
$50; Osage, $21; Parsons, $30.37; Fredonia, 
$25; Individuals: S. C. Gilbert, $5; Lee Hara- 
der, $10; Elizabeth Petterson, $6; Elder 
John Sherfy, Wife and Daughter, $3; Mrs. 
Hiram J. Smith, $5; Fannie Stevens, $3; 
Samuel Trimble, $1; Kathryn Schul, $18; 
Sunday-schools: Beginners' Class, Greno- 
la, $5; Helping Hand Class, Osage, $5; Peo- 
ple of Liberty, $14 227 37 

Southwestern District, Congregations: 
Bloom, $32.39; Conway Springs, $27.81; East 
Wichita, $27.12; Eden Valley, $27.50; Gar- 
den City, $23.20; Larned, $68.30; McPherson, 
$328.80; Newton, $29.30; Peabody, $29.25; In- 
dividuals: A Sister of McPherson, $5; Mary 
C. Adams. $11; Jos. Andes, $10; W. O. and 
Silva M. Beckner, $20; S. A. Honberger. $5; 
Clyde I. Seitz and Wife, $25; D. C. Wara- 
pler, $6; J. D. Yoder, $50; Sunday-schools: 
Hill Climbers' Class, Conway Springs, $15; 
Hutchinson, $42.63; Willing Workers' Class, 
Newton, $4.75; District Conference of S. W. 
Kans. and Colo., $20, 807 95 

Maryland— $2,183.10 

Eastern District, Aid Society: Westmins- 
ter, $105; Christian Workers: Locust Grove, 
$6.13; Congregations: Bush Creek, $124.78; 
Frederick City, $100; Locust Grove, $16.95; 
Long Green Valley, $21.61; Meadow Branch, 
$20; Monocacy, $70; Monocacy. $12; Piney 
Creek, $19.45; Pipe Creek, $78.65; Sams 
Creek, $100; Union Bridge, $41.85; Wash- 
ington City, $31; West Point, $4.30;' Indi- 
viduals: A Brother and Family of Middle- 
town Valley Cong., $20; Two Sisters of Md., 
$5; Carrie I. Cashman, $5; Mrs. Chas. E. 
Royer, $20; W. H. Swam, $2; Jas. K. Wa- 
ters, $6; Sunday-schools: Baltimore Fulton 
Ave., $95.79; Green Hill, $5; Organized Class, 
Locust Grove, $10; Junior Boys' Class, Pipe 
Creek, $12; Westminster, $200; Junior Girls' 
Class No. 2, Westminster, $1.75; Reaper 
Class, Union Bridge, $16.50; Willing Work- 
er Class. Union Bridge, $10; Mission Study 
Class, Meadow Branch, $15; Blue Ridge Col- 
lege, $116, 1,291 76 

Middle District, Congregations: Manor, 
$126.26; Beaver Creek, $30; Beaver Creek, 
$20; Longmeadow (Beaver Creek), $96.56; 
Manor, $44.75; Individuals: Bro. A. and Sis- 
ter B., $10; A Sister of Hagerstown, $5; 
Nannie A. Martin, $10; J. Edgar Rowland 
and Wife, $100; Sunday-schools: Beaver 
Creek, $5.50; Hagerstown, $50; Altrustic 
Class, Hagerstown, $95; Seekers Class, Hag- 
erstown, $10.50; Hagerstown. $76; Y. M. Bi- 
ble Class, Hagerstown, $1; Sunshine Class, 
Hagerstown, $5; Manor, $67.23; Sharpsburg, 
$30 782 80 

Western Maryland, Congregations: Bear 
Creek, $25.26; Bear Creek, $16.67; Maple 
Grove, $22.11; Mary E. Arnold, $5; H. S. 
Coleman, $4; C. E. Coleman, $2.50; L. H. 
Coleman, $1; Eld. D. M. Merrill and Wife, 
$5; Jesse C. Merrill and Wife, $25; Minnie 
B. Miller, $1; Vida Miller, 50c; Ruth Mil- 
ler, 50c, 108 54 

Michigan— $944.88 

Aid Societies: Crystal, $25; Woodland Vil- 
lage, $10; Christian Workers: Grand Rap- 
ids, $3.56; Congregations: Beaverton, $2; 
Crystal, $36.50; Elsie, $6.50; Harlan, $11.50; 
Lake View, $45; Lake View, $16; New Ha- 
ven, $14.60; Onekama, $55; Shepherd. $115; 
Sugar Ridge, $14.83; Woodland Village, 
$29.29; Woodland Village, $8.42; Zion, $37.05; 
Individuals: Samuel Bowser, $12; Mrs. Har- 
ry Carmer. $5; Walter Kimmel, $25; Mrs. 
H. C. Lowder, $2; Olive N. Mote, $5; Olive 
N. Mote, $30; G. Nevinger and Wife, $10; 
Bro. H. D. Piatt and Family, $25; A. B. 
Putterbaugh, $2; E. C. Rieley and Wife, $33; 
J. T. Sherrick, $10; Adam Tschupp, $1; El- 
mer Weaver. $6; Amanda Wertenberger, $3; 
S. White, $10; Roy Winey, $5; Sunday- 
schools: Beaverton* $10.20; Beaverton Cong, 
and S. S., $21.38; Primary Dept.. Grand Rap- 
ids, $14.10; Grand Rapids, $15.95; Bound to 
Win Class. Grand Rapids, 80c; Junior Boys, 
Grand Rapids. $1.50; Junior Girls, Grand 
Rapids, $4.04; Onward Circle, Grand Rapids, 
$8.75; Faithful Workers, Grand Rapids, 
$23.30; Harvesters, Grand Rapids, $48.10; 
Daughters of the King, Grand Rapids, 
$50.05; Friendly Bible Class, $52; Lake View, 
$30; Rodney, $18.50; Woodland Village, 
$12.25; Woodland Village, $19.71, 944 88 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota — $336.11 

Congregations: Bethel, $$13.05; Lewiston, 
$33.50; Morrel, $32.59; Minneapolis, $35.25; 
Nemadji, $17.15; Root River, $138.87; Individ- 
uals: D. Broadwater; and Wife, $10; John 
H. Gerdes, $5; Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Gross- 
nickle, $25; Mrs. David Whetstone and 
Daughter, Mrs. George Christiansen, $10; 
Sunday-school: Lewiston, $10.70; Aid So- 
ciety: Nemadji, $5, 336 11 

Missouri— $739.20 

Middle District, Congregations: Adrian, 
$11; Happy Hill, $1; Happy Hill, $6.70; Min- 
eral Creek, $75; Spring Branch, $16.53; So. 
Warrensburg, $5; Individuals: A Sister, $5; 
Mamie Fahnestock, $5; I. G. Harris and 
Wife, $12; G. W. Skaggs and Wife, $10; Sun- 
day-schools: Deepwater, $10; Kansas City, 
$17.35, 174 58 

Northern District, Aid Society: Dorcas, 
Rockingham, $5; Smith Fork, $8.45; Con- 
gregations: Shelby County, $20; Rocking- 
ham, $82.60; Smith Fork, $212.55; Individ- 
uals: Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Cline, $15; Fred 
Lohman, $6; George A. Miller, $25; Amanda 
McGlothlan, $5; Sunday-schools: Sister Sal- 
lie Newham's Class, Hardin, $10.25; Sister 
Kitty Bowman's Class, Hardin, $16.30; Sis- 
ter Mary Nicholson's Class, Hardin, $22; 
Emma Schildknecht, $6; Perry Williams, 
$13; Organized Class " Merry Maids," Rock- 
ingham, $9.40; Sunbeam Class, Rockingham 
S. S., $14.50; North Rockingham Mission- 
ary Circle, $14 485 05 

Southern District, Congregation: Fair- 
view, $8.55; Individuals: John T. and L. C. 
Forehand, $10; S. H. and L. W. Yeater, $6, 24 55 

Southwestern District, Congregations: 
Carthage, $15; Oak Grove, $4.25; Peace Val- 
ley, $11; Individuals: J. T. Argabright and 
Wife, $2; W. R. Argabright and Wife, $2; 
Nancy Davidson, $1.50; Sunday-school: Dry 

Fork, $19.27, 55 02 

Montana — $34.60 

Individuals: Mrs. R. D. Clark, $5; Mrs. 
R. D. Clark, $10; J. A. Miller and Wife, $5; 
Samuel S. Shilling, $1; Sunday-schools: 
Galpin Union, $5.75; Nashua Union, $7.85, 34 60 

Nebraska— $599.55 

Aid Society: Octavia, $40; Congregations: 
So. Beatrice, $91.15; Afton, $15.50; Lincoln, 
$31.50; Octavia, $15; Octavia, $62; Individ- 
uals: Catherine Musselman, $5; Mrs. A. C. 
Reins, $1; J. F. Shuck, $12; John F. Shuss, 
$12; Edgar Stauffer, $5; Mrs. Glen Terwil- 
leger, $5; Sunday-schools: Enders, $10; 
Juniata, $7.70; Kearney, $47.37; Lincoln, 

$40.15; South Beatrice, $199.18, 599 55 

North Dakota— $44.86 

Congregation: Brumbaugh, $11; Individ- 
ual: Joseph Kreps, $20; Aid Society, Bert- 
hold, $5; Sunday-school: Willow Grove, 

$8.86, 44 86 

New Jersey — $10.00 

Individual: J. C. Maugans, 10 00 

New Mexico— $202.95 

Congregations: Clovis: $36.06; Miami, 
$7.04; Miami, $64.85; Individuals: Unknown 
Donor, $5; M. L. Emmert, $10; Sunday- 
school: Clovis, $80 202 95 

New York— $22.10 

Individuals: Receipt No. 50623, $5; H. E. 
Campbell and Family, $7; D. L. Cripe and 

Family, $5.10; L. B. Hann, $5, 22 10 

North Carolina— $145.17 

Congregations: Melvin Hill, $51; Mill 
Creek, $9.50; Pigeon River, $4.60; Pleasant 
Grove, $14.07; Individuals: W. C. Hinsdale 
and Wife, $15; A. C. Rieley. $20; Ira W. 

Weidler and Wife, $25; D. P. Welch, $6 145 17 

Ohio— $5,201.24 

Northeastern District, Aid Societies: 1st 
Ashland, $20; White Cottage, $10; Christian 
Workers: Junior Canton City, $10; Congre- 
gations: Akron, $30; Akron City, $70.74; 
Ashland Dickey, $115.26; Baltic, $104; Black 
River, $130; Black River, $32.50; Canton City, 

$155.11; Chippewa, $27.70; Cleveland, $8.75; 
Greenwood, $26.01; Jonathan Creek, $153.38; 
Jonathan Creek, $18.06; Maple Grove, $90.60; 
New Philadelphia, $47; Springfield, $29; 
Sugar Creek, $100; West Nimishillen, $101; 
Wooster, $10; Wooster, $106; Zion Hill, 
$127.98; Individuals: A Sister, $10; Bertha 
and Ruth Boron, $3; Two Sympathizers, 
$25; A. H. Brumbaugh, $5; John S. Furry, 
$6; Edwin F, and Mary G. Garman, $10; 
Rena Heestand, $10; Samuel Heestand, $5; 
Isaac Hall, $1; Floyd M. Irvin and Wife, $5; 
Mrs. D. F. Kelly, $1; Irma R. Kurtz, $16; 
J. F. Kahler and Wife, $12; Willis H. Paul- 
us, $6; Samuel Shoemaker and Wife, $5; 
C. Wohlgamuth, $31; A. D. Helser, $15; Re- 
ceipt No. 50713, $25; Sunday-schools: Little 
Workers Class, Akron, $17; Class No. 9, 
Beech Grove, $10; Sunshine Circle Class, 
Black River, $18; Cleveland, $18.38 1,777 47 

Northwestern District, Aid Societies: 
Sand Ridge, $20; Toledo, $5; Christian Work- 
ers: Black Swamp, $6.51; Hickory Grove, 
$30; Congregations: Baker, $38.48; County 
Line, $15.50; Greenspring, $101.50; East Swan 
Creek, $35; Hicksville, $21.50; Logan, $5; 
Marion, $28.50; Marion, $52; Pleasant View, 
$5; • Pleasant View, $200; Poplar Ridge, 
$52.76; Ross, $6; Silver Creek, $82.02; Sugar 
Creek, $40; Wyandot, $82; Individuals: D. S. 
Early and Wife, $25; L. F., $5; L. F., $10; 
Jonas and Gertrude Groff, $25; Adda M. In- 
boden, $5; Mrs. I. Inboden, $5; C. Heckman 
Leslie, $10; Ray McDorman and Wife, $5; 
Sadie Noffsinger, $5; Sunday-schools: Hick- 
ory Grove, $108.68; Poplar Ridge, $53.65; 
Rome, $99.65; Sand Ridge, $20; Toledo, $5; 
Walnut Grove, $70.27, 1,279 02 

Southern District, Aid Societies: Coving- 
ton, $25; North Springfield, $25; Sidney, $25; 
Toms Run, $25; Congregations: Bear Creek, 
$53.46; Bremen, $32.60; Brookville, $23.75; 
Charleston, $3; East Dayton, $28; Eversole, 
$50.45; Ft. McKinley, $151; Greenville, 
$143.50; Harris Creek, $116.12; Lower Still- 
water, $150; Lower Miami, $11.03; Middle 
District, $100; New Carlisle, $124; New Car- 
lisle, $51; Painter Creek, $195.78; Poplar 
Grove, $15; Poplar Grove, $71.35; Pleasant 
Valley, $49.25; Springfield, $20.45; Trotwood. 
$76.66; West Dayton, $40; Individuals: Re- 
ceipt No. 50288, $2; A Sister, $2; Mrs. Sara 
Bigler, $2; Annie May Calvert, $5; R. C. 
Davidson, $10; Mrs. M. P. Eidemiller, $6; 
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Gammon, $5; Carl Graf- 
ton, $10; Lucinda Ann Hixson, $10; Mrs. 
Harry Mote, $10; J. Quinter Neher, $5; Geo. 
Zumbrum and Wife, $5; M. Edith Riley, $5; 
Rev. J. M. Pittinger, $50; Hattie Spengler, 
$9; Harvey M. Stover, $5; Geo. W. Stump 
and Wife, $10; Mary Weisenbarger, $5; Sun- 
day-schools: Primary Class, Camden, $2.10; 
Castine, $20.50; Cedar Grove, $14.30; Donnels 
Creek, $45; Greenville, $24.75; Primary De- 
partment, Lower Miami, $6; Primary Dept., 
Birthday Offerings, New Carlisle, $1.32; 
Junior Mission Study Class, Painter Creek, 
$101.06; Painter Creek, $90.75; Painter Creek, 
$11; Pleasant Hill, $53.57; Junior Sunshine 

Class, Red River, $12 2,144 75 

Oklahoma— $384.65 

Congregations: Antelope Valley, $8; 
Thomas, $160.05; Washita, $45; Individuals: 
Kate and Clyde Beckner, $12.60; Lucetta 
Burk, $5; L. M. Dodd and Wife, and F. 
Boone and Wife, $5; Ella Gars.t, $1; D. G. 
Ginder, $5; Anna M. Goodman, $5; J. L. 
Holsinger, $20; Mrs. J. K. Latimer, $5; Mr. 
and Mrs. E. L. Lawver, $10; A. and S. B. 
Leedy, $12; I. H. Metzler, $45; Mrs. Nettie 
Murray, $6; Mrs. P. A. Richert, $2; R. S. 
Rust. $5; Mrs. E. Sealock, $3; G. E. Wales, 

$5; Sunday-school: Bartlesville, $25, 384 65 

Oregon— $93.33 

Congregations: Albany, $7; Mabel, $15.50; 
Myrtle Point, $16.03; Newberg, $41.30; Myrtle 

Point, $13.50 93 33 

Pennsylvania— $11,530.72 

Eastern District, Aid Societies: Annville, 
$10; Elizabethtown, $20; Ephrata, $100; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Congregations: Annville, $310; Big Swatara, 
$149.36; Conewago, $100; Elizabethtown, $246; 
East Fairview, $48.66; Fredericksburg, $93; 
Hatfield, $98.80; Heidleberg, $78.75; Indian 
Creek, $266.68; Lebanon, $7.71; Lititz, $54.03; 
Little Swatara, $94; Maiden Creek, $51.50; 
Mechanic Grove, $100.42; Midway, $128; Min- 
go, $31.21; Milbach, $25; Mountville, $163.12; 
Myerstown, $119.25; Peach Blossom, $59.69; 
Richland, $207.33; Spring Creek, $436.45; 
Spring Grove, $45.90; White Oak, $207.25; 
Individuals: A Brother of Myerstown, $50; 
A Brother and Sister, $4; A Sister, $25; Re- 
ceipt No. 49980. $25; Receipt No. 50214, $6; 
Elizabeth W. Keller, $25; Mary W. Light, 
$1; Henry H. Reber and Family, $25; Anna 
E. Shank, $1; Elmer A. Shirk and Wife, $5; 
Mrs. Ella E. Winger, $5; Lizzie S. Will and 
Daughter, Minnie, $30; Sunday-schools: 
Elizabeth Hollinger's Adult Girl's Class, 
Annville, $10.30; Baumstown, $15.12; Eph- 
rata, $100; Mountsville, $50; Mountsville, 
$10; Elizabeth Blauch's Sisters Class, $20.50; 
Quakertown S. S. and Cong., $100; Ranks- 
town, $20.35; Stonetown, $6.43, 3,786 81 

Middle District, Aid Societies: Spring 
Run, 5; Spring Run, $10; Congregations: 
Carson Valley, $7.50; Clover Creek, $163.25; 
Crossroads (Clover Creek"), $157; Fairview, 
$54.50; James Creek, $20; Koontz, $48; Lew- 
istown, $52.07; Martinsburg, $1; Pine Glen 
(Spring Run), $44.50; Roaring Spring, $100; 
Smithfield, $51.07; Spring Run, $26.68; Spring 
Run, $28.25; Spring Run, $51.55; Stoners- 
town, $38.11; Williamsburg, $32.10; Wood- 
bary, $61.70; Upper Claar, $60; Individuals: 
Mrs. Francis Gartland, $6; No. 1022, $6; 
Mrs. Harry Bechtel, $2; Chas. Boor, $2; 
O. S. Carle, $10; L. Chester England, 
$5; Minnie Funk, $1; Ira Grubb, $50; 
Mary A. Kinsey, $10; Mrs. D. A. Stayer, 
$3; Sunday-schools: Bethel (Yellow Creek), 
$7; Burnham, $10; Clover Creek, $13; Cross- 
roads (Nokesville), $10; Ladies' Bible Class, 
Dry Valley, $10; Work and Win Class, Lew- 
istown, $10; Lewistown, $44.02; Pine Glen 
(Spring Run), $10; Replogle (Woodbury), 
$13.50; Riddlesburg, $35; Roaring Spring, 
$25; Soul Winners' Class, Spring Run, $4; 
Spring Run, $15; Yellow Creek, $50; Little 
Missionaries at Spring Run, $15; Little Mis- 
sionaries, Spring Run, $10, 1,388 80 

Southeastern District, Congregations: 1st 
Philadelphia, $75; Coventry, $87.62; German- 
town, $403.77; Calvary Mission, Philadelphia, 
$75; Harmony ville, $6; Parker Ford, $87.62; 
Royersford, $20; Individuals: A Sister, $5; 
Ida K. B. Hetric, $25; Vanie Keim, $2; Susie 
L. Marshall, $3; Sunday-schools: Green 
Tree, $10; Royersford, $30 

Southern District, Aid Society: East Ber- 
lin (Upper Conewago), 25; Christian Work- 
ers: Gettysburg, $30; Congregations: Antie- 
tam, $2; Antietam, $19; Antietam, $210.76; 
Back Creek, $69.41; Carlisle, $56.85; Falling 
Spring, $135; Falling Spring, $6; Farmer 
Grove (Perry), $16.40; Hanover, $41.19; Lost 
Creek, $8.25; Lost Creek, $18; Mercersburg, 
$24; Shippensburg, $13; Sugar Valley, $13.82; 
Upper Conewago, $222.06; Upper Cumber- 
land, $73.62; Upper Codorus, $70.25; Upper 
Conewago, $20.04; Upper Cumberland, 
$220.43; Individuals: A Sister, $5; A Bro., 
$15; A Sister, $10; Receipt No. 50110, $10; 
Receipt No. 49936, $100; Receipt No. 50518, 
$40; Mrs. S. Bashor, $5; Jennie Beaver, $2; 
D. E. Brown and Wife, $20; Maggie E. Clap- 
per, $5; M. A. Davis, $20; Mrs. M. B. Ditt- 
man, $2; E. J. Egan and Wife, $40; Mrs. H. 
H. Hershey, $5; G. W. Harlacher, $10; J. S. 
Harley, $5; Paul Roth, $2; Sunday-schools: 
Brown's Mill, Falling Spring, $38.17; Black 
Rock, $25; Codorus, $110.39; Chestnut Grove, 
$5; East Berlin (Upper Conewago), $15; 
East Berlin (Upper Conewago), $200; East- 
ville (Sugar Valley), $35; Five Point (Up- 
per Conewago), $3.03; Fairview, $119.12; Free 
Spring, $17.67; Friends Grove (Marsh 
Creek), $12; Gettysburg (Marsh Creek), $25; 
Willing Workers' Class, Hampton, $5; Lati- 
more (Upper Conewago), $61.69; Melrose, 

830 01 


$10; Pleasant View, $4.35; Always Willing 
Class, Waynesboro, $120; Young Men's Bi- 
ble Class, Waynesboro, $5; Waynesboro, 
$200; Shanks (Back Creek), $67.50, 2,670 00 

Western District, Aid Societies: Maple 
Glen, $10; Roxbury, $25; Christian Work- 
ers: Berkey, $4.35; Fairchance Mission, $10; 
Congregations: Elk Lick, $128.14; Maple 
Spring (Quemahoning), $50; Montgomery, 
$83; Pike (Brother's Valley), $100.59; Pur- 
chase Line, $172; Roxbury (W. Johnstown), 
$46.10; Johnstown Roxberry, $32; Scalp Lev- 
el, $87.11; Shade Creek, $73.16; Shade Creek, 
$70.65; Ten Mile, $36; Uniontown (George's 
Creek), $19.42; Viewmont, $3; Windber, 
$141.20; Individuals: A Friend, $10; A Sis- 
ter, $5; A Brother and Family, $100; J. C. 
Ankeny and Wife, $10; Andrew Chrise and 
Wife, $100; Mrs. E. S. Guyer, $5; Mrs. Sallie 
A. Helman, $100; Silas Hoover, $3; Mr. and 
Mrs. E. M. Knepper, $25; D. F. Lepley, $50; 
Mrs. D. F. Lepley, $30; F. B. Myers, $3; 
Harriet Reed, $25; Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Rie- 
man, $12; Melita V. Ripple and Julia Long- 
enecker, $2; Amanda Roddy, $10; C. E. 
Schuldt and Wife, $25; Sylvanus Thomas, 
$5; Wm. Thomas, $5; Elmer Walker, $2.62; 
Elmer Walker, $12; Sunday-schools: Beach- 
dale (Berlin), $35; Conemaugh, $76.29; Dia- 
mond (Manor), $25; Fairview (George's 
Creek), $125; Greenville (Rockton), $10; 
Rockton, $56.81; Greensburg, $61; Oriental 
Bible Class, Hooversville (Quemahoning), 
$18; Maple Glen, $100; Meyersdale, $57.50; 
Meyersdale, $110.61; Meyersdale, $7; Pur- 
chase Line, $50; Penn Run, $17.28; Ever 
Faithful Bible Class, Red Bank, $3.50; 
Men's Organized Bible Class, Red Bank, 
$15.50; Ladies' Organized Bible Class, Red 
Bank, $19; Rockton, $9.49; Rockton, $12.70; 
Roxbury, $306.34; Salem, $10; Summit, $54.26; 
Summit, $33.48; Busy Bee Class, Summit, 

$10 2,855 10 

South Carolina— $6.00 

Sunday-school: Brooklyn, 6 00 

South Dakota— $28.00 

Congregation: Independence, $3; Individ- 
ual: E. O. Slater, $25 28 00 

Tennessee— $590.38 

Congregations: Beaver Creek, $6.50; Lime- 
stone, $20; Pleasant Hill, $118; Mountain 
Valley,. $43.10; Pleasant View, $21.35; Haw- 
thorne, $10; Limestone, $20; Knob Creek, 
$30; Individuals: Methodist Sister, $10; J. 
A. Alley, $3; F. G. Davis, $3; Mrs. J. J. and 
Ruth Emmert, $5; Mrs. M. M. Fine, $1; 
Mrs. Mary Kitsmiller, $5; Homer Sells and 
Wife, $5; Mrs. M. E. Shadow. $1; Mrs. M. 
E. Shadow, $1; Mrs. T. H. Sizemore, $10; 
Lucy A. Slagle, $1; Mrs. Hester Whetson, 
$1; Virginia W. White, $200; Mrs. E. T. 
Wine, $2; F. G. Wine, $15; W. C. Young and 
Wife, $13.70; Sunday-schools: Pleasant Val- 
ley, $36.35; Meadow Branch, $8.38, 590 38 

Texas— $177.75 

Congregations: Manvel, $51; Pleasant 
Grove. $16.25; Individuals: Mrs. A. Rupp, 
$25; C. M. Kidwell, $2.50; D. Z. Ferguson 
and Family, $20; A Brother and Sister, $10; 
Vincent M. Clark, $1; Sister I. M. Clark, 
$1; D. H. Clark, $1; D. S. Bowman, $50, ! 177 75 

Virginia— $6,075.50 

Eastern District, Congregations: Lower 
Union (Locust Grove), $15; Midland, $14.41; 
Nokesville, $29.34; Nokesville, $15.45; Man- 
assas. $75.29; Midland, $19.65; Individuals: 
Carl F. Miller, $5; G. E. Garman, $5; Mason 
Bros., $7; Emra Weimer, $6; Henrietta E. 
Heddings, $6; Carrie S. Pence, $10; S. C. 
Harley, $52; J. A. Miller, $5; B. F. A. My- 
ers, $10; Students and Faculty of Daleville 
College, $300; Sunday-schools: Mt. Hermon 
(Midland), $17.50; Trevilian, $14.75 607 39 

First District, Aid Society: Roanoke, $25; 
Congregations: Cloverdale, $118.26; Chesnut 
Grove, $12; Chestnut Grove. $119.91; Dale- 
ville, $118.31; Green Hill, $16.17; Roanoke 
City, $366.57; Crab Orchard, $15.51; Mt. Joy, 
$22; Troutville, $162.59; Individuals: Mrs. B. 
H. Funk, $15; Miss Mary B. Funk, $2; Miss 


The Missionary Visitor 


Grace Funk, $2; Miss Miriam Marshall, $1; 
Mrs. C. D. Hylton, $5; Mrs. Martha A. Rin- 
er, $10; Mrs. D. L. Carter, $12; Eld. J. S. 
Zigler, $18; J. H. Wells and Wife, $10; Mrs. 
J. W. Mangus, $10; A. M. and E. J. Scagg, 
$10; J. H. Brubaker, $10; J. T. Shepherd, 
$5; Mrs. Mary Tucker, $5; Sunday-schools: 
Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove), $8.72; New 
Bethel (Troutville), $14.92; Sunbeam Class, 
Selma, $2; Johnsville, $7; Bethesda, $92; 
Cloverdale, $300, 1,515 96 

Northern District, Aid Societies: Dayton 
(Cooks Creek), $20; Mt. Zion (Green- 
mount), $10; Linville Creek, $26; Linville 
Creek, $60; Green Mount, $10; Congrega- 
tions: Cooks Creek, $217.91; Flat Rock, 
$52.22; Greenmount, $90; Linville Creek, 
$77.36; Mt. Zion (Greenmount), $15.41; Mt. 
Grove, $6; Mill Creek, $41.22; Green Mount, 
$68.19; Cooks Creek, $110.47; Mill Creek, ^33; 
Individuals: No. 47, $12; Herman and Flora 
Myers, $10; Receipt No. 50232, $5; E. E. 
Scott, $3; Wm. J. Gochenour, $100; Jos. P. 
Showalter and Daughter, $10; Sunday- 
schools: Timberville, $110; Valley Pike 
(Woodstock), $54; Class No. 2, Mt. Olivet, 
$3.25; Linville Creek, $126.77; Sunny side, 
$110 1,381 80 

Second District, Aid Society: Summit, 
$100; Congregations: Summit, $132.93; Mid- 
dle River, $127.30; Elk Run, $24.33; Moscow 
(Elk Run), $34; Bridgewater, $312.66; For- 
est Chapel, $100; Staunton. $15; Barren 
Ridge, $28.40; Lebanon, $147; Pleasant Valley, 
$78.96; Chimney Run, $4.84; Individuals: E. 
A. Neff, $6; Geo. A. Phillips, $10; Mrs. J. S. 
M., $2; Barbara V. Ringgold, $25; D. Arlie 
Cline, $4; Anetta Cupp, $2; J. R. Click, $6; 
Ada Ginger, 50c; P. E. Ginger, $2.50; J. B. 
Coffman, $10; H. M. Garber, $10; John D. 
Wampler, $1; Sunday-schools: Elementary 
Dept., Summit, $11.50; Mt. Vernon, $114.23, 1,310 15 

Southern District, Aid Societies: Antioch, 
$12.50; Antioch. $4.50; Christian Workers: 
Schoolfield, $33.47; Congregations: Cedar 
Bluff (Bethlehem), $28; Bethlehem, $83.82; 
Cordorus, $305.11; Topeco, $42.27; Redoak 
Grove, $11.53; Blackwater Chapel, $29.65; 
Germantown, $269.05; Ewing, $8; Antioch, 
$106; Cedar Bluff (Bethlehem), $70; Coulson, 
$20; Bethlehem, $110; Individuals: M. N. 
Riely, $25; Unknown Donor of Bridgewater, 
$5; W. H. Lintecum, $4; Sarah J. Hylton, 
$5; A. N. Hylton and Wife, $9; Sarah J. 
Hylton, $4; W. O. Hall, $15; Sunday- 
schools: Boone Mill Union, $41; Primary 
S. S. Classes, Pleasant Hill, $6; Laurel 

Branch Missionary League, $12,30, 1,260 20 

Washington— $395.87 

Congregations: Yakima, $120; Seattle, $38; 
Sunnyside, $52.50; First Spokane, $10; For- 
est Center, $18; White Stone, $12.60; Forest 
Center, $17.25; Sunday-schools: East Wen- 
atchee, $40; Wenatchee, $70; North Spokane, 

$17.52 395 87 

West Virginia— $1,119.05 

First District, Aid Society: Eglon, $40; 
Congregations: Allegheny Cong, and S. S., 
$29.27; Beaver Run, $30; Bethel, $9.60; Eg- 
lon, $87.80; Greenland. $28.50; Old Furnace, 
$20; Sandy Creek. $228.03; Individuals: W. 
W. Bane and Wife, $50; Cora A. Harman, 
$30; Jesse Harman, $25; S. F. Guthrie, $5; I. 
Wm. Sites, $21; A Sister, $10; W. R. and 
Emma Dove, $50; Bruceton Branch Amer- 
ican Red Cross, $250; Beaver Run Day 
School, $11; Jolly Mt. Boys and Girls' Club, 
$10; Sunday-school: Harness Run, $40, 9J5 20 

Second District, Individuals: J. W. and 
Elva May Hevener, $5.35; Jesse Judy and 
Wife, $3; Alva and Verna May Tenny. $20; 
Sunday-schools: Beans Chapel, $15.50; 

Pleasant Valley, $100, , . . . 143 85 

Wisconsin— $117.25 

Congregations: Chippewa Valley, $8.75; 
Rice Lake, $5; S'anley, $60; Worden, $35.50; 
Individuals: A. P. Sommers, $5; Sarah E. 
Wilson, $3, 117 25 

Total for the month $50,807 52 

Total previously reported 27,714 21 

Total for the year $78,521 73 

Iowa— $17.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Spring 
Creek \y 00 

Total for the month $ 17 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 17 00 


Transferred from Forward Movement, .. 90 00 

Total for the month $ 90 00 

Total previously reported 00 

Total for the year $ 90 00 

Illinois— $1.00 

Northern District, Congregation: Elgin,.. 1 00 

Ohio— $7.50 

Northeastern District, Individual: No. 
50713, 7 50 

Total for the month, $ 8 50 

Total previously reported, 19 15 

Total for the year, $ 27 65 

Ohio— $7.50 

Northeastern District, Individual: No. 
50713, 7 50 

Total for the month, $ 750 

Total previously reported 62 99 

Total for the year, $ 70 49 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

Southern District, Individual: Blanch 
Griest 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Total previously reported, 1,016 40 

Total for the year $ 1,018 40 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Individuals: Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Morris, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 147 26 

Total for the year $ 157 26 


Virginia— $100.00 

Eastern District: Hebron Seminary, 100 00 

Total for the month, '...$ 100 00 

Total previously reported, 8,303 97 

Total for the year, $ 8,403 97 

Illinois— $2.00 

Northern District, Individual: Lydia 

Bricknell, 2 00 

Ohio— $10.00 

Northeastern District, Individual: A. D. 

Helser 10 00 

Indiana — $75.00 

Middle District, Sunday-school: Spring 
Creek, 75 00 

Total for the month, $ 87 00 

Total previously reported, 40160 

Total for the year, $ 488 60 

Illinois— $20.00 

Aid Societies of No. 111. and Wis., 20 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Aid Societies of No. Iowa, Minn, and So. 
Dakota, 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Kansas— $30.00 

Aid Societies of Northeastern Kansas, .. 30 00 

Ohio— $33.00 

Southern District, Aid Society: Painter 
Creek, $23; Individual: Martha Smith, $10, 33 00 

Oklahoma— $6.00 

Aid Society: Guthrie 6 00 

Nebraska— $90.00 

Aid Societies: Bethel, $30; Octavia, $30; 

South Beatrice, $30 90 00 

Transferred from Forward Movement, .. SO 00 

Total for the month, t, $ 254 00 

Total previously reported -. 2,272 17 

Total for the year, $ 2,526 17 

Iowa— $2.00 

Southern District, Individual: Jemima 

Kob 200 

Illinois — $1.20 

Northern District, Sunday-school: Elgin, 120 

Total for the month $ 3 20 

Total previously reported, 1,800 89 

Total for the year, $ 1,804 09 



McFarland Cong., $55.95; Edmond Tay- 
lor, La Verne, $300, $ 355 95 


Colorado Springs Cong., $38; Rocky Ford 
Church, $302; Colorado Springs Church, $13, 353 00 

Oakley S. S., $27.16; Elgin S. S., $3.95; Old 
Men's S. S. Class, La Place, $10; Coal Creek 
Church, $21.32; Primary Department, Mil- 

ledgeville, $3.92 66 35 


Young People's Class, Noblesville, $8.50; 
Mount Pleasant S. S., $60; M. A. Harbaugh, 
South Bend, $5; North Liberty S. S., $20.68; 
Raymond Stout, South Bend, $10; Ladoga 
Church, $36; Indianapolis S. S., $12.30; Elk- 
hart City S. S., $25; Gravelton Aid Society, 
$50; Pleasant View Church, $11.76; A Broth- 
er, Wabash, $5; Ethel Fifer, Butler, $1; C. 
M. Wenger, South Bend, $60; Ira Bechtel, 
South Bend, $5; Middlebury Church, $39.50; 
Goshen City S. S., $10; Women's Bible 
Class, South Bend, $20; Live Wire S. S. 
Class, Courter S. S.-, $30; Maggie Johnson, 
South Bend, $60; Pleasant Hill Church, $10; 

Buck Creek Church, $28.35, 508 09 


W. H. Royer and Wife, Dallas Center, $10; 

Council Bluffs Cong., $4.45, 14 45 


Samuel Trimble, Bayard, $1; Maple Grove 

Church, $10, 1100 


Fulton Ave., Baltimore S. S., $31.92; 
Gleaners' S. S. Class, $10; Denton Cong., 
$30.62; Sams Creek Cong., $25; Green Hill 
S. S., $5; Edgewood S. S., $57.80; Beaver 
Dam Cong., $38.29; Brownsville Cong., 

$106.40 305 03 


Onekama, Church and S. S., $40; J. F. 
Sherrick, Middleton, $10; Elsie Cong., $6.50; 
Long Lake Church, $5.02; Zion Cong., $37.05, 98 57 


Ever Ready S. S. Class, Worthington, 

$60; Root River Cong, and S. S., $143.88 203 88 


Warrensburg City Church 7 50 


Octavia S. S., $38.24; Omaha Church, $19; 

Afton Church, $95.01, 152 25 


Hickory Grove S. S., $25.86; Young Men's 

and Ladies' Class, Wooster, $15; East Nimi- 
shillen Church, $239.58; The Self Denial 
Class, Akron, $7; P. F. Dukes and Wife, $5; 
Cincinnati Cong., $35.30; Akron City Cong., 

$50.75; West Charleston Cong., $60 438 49 


Washita Cong 10 00 


Mabel Cong., $3; Mabel S. S., $27, 30 00 


Harmonyville S. S., $70; Ida K. B. Hitric, 
Parker Ford Cong., $50; Upper Dublin 
Cong., $45; Pike Church, S. S., Middle 
Creek Cong., $20.25; Martinsburg S. S., 
$94.17; Altoona Church, $152.87; Shippens- 
burg S. S., $50.50; Shippensburg Church, 
$27.85; Carson Valley Church, $13; Brother 
and Sister N. H. Blough, $25; Rastville S. 
S., Sugar Valley Cong., $15; Antietam 
Cong., $20; Woodbury Cong., $205.38; 
Waynesboro Church, $123; Ligonier S. S., 
$12.24; Ligonier Church, $45.40; Ligonier C. 
W. Society, $2.36; Connellsville . Church, 
$19.50; Hanover Cong., $55.38; Sisters' Aid 
Society, Maple Spring Church, $30; McClure 
S. S., $9; Waynesboro S. S. and Antietam 
Cong., $439.58; Brother and Sister Wm. I. 
Book, West Philadelphia, $10; Diamondville 
S. S., $66; Adult Bible Class, Penn Run, 
$25; Young People's Class, Penn Run, $10; 
Burnham Church and S. S., $50; James 
Creek Cong., S. S., and C. W. Society, $20; 
Royersford S. S., $42.50; Springfield Church, 
$45; Hatfield Church, $49.41; Paxton S. S., 
Big Swatara Church, $30; Ridgely Church, 
$53.25; Midway S. S., $30; Mercersburg Mis- 
sion, $24; Curryville S. S., $60; Antietam 
Cong., $217.95; A Friend, Elizabethtown, 
$25; Martha Umble, , Markleysburg, $25; 
Wolagmood S. S., Lower Conewago Cong., 
$11; Sisters' Aid Society, Ephrata Church, 
$100; Georges Creek Cong., Uniontown 
House, $26.48; Back Creek Cong., $6.15; 
Grace Berkey, Hooversville, $5; Queen Ch., 
$5; Maple Springs S. S., $130; Black Rock 

Cong., $31, 2,623 22 


Middle River Cong., $102.86; Sangersville 
Cong., $86.56; Chimney Run Cong., $4.83; 
Pleasant Valley Cong., $63.35; Benj. Wine, 
Broadway, $10; Summit S. S., Elementary 

Dept., $60, 327 60 


Spokane S. S., $17.53; Forest Center S. S., 
$54,48 72 01 

Total for the month of December $ 5,577 39 

La Verne Church, 5 00 

Total for month of December $ 5 00 


Elementary Dept. of Summit S. S 36 50 

Total for month of December, $ 36 50 

Elgin S. S., 3 00 

Total for month of December $ 3 00 


Mahlon W. Butterbaugh, Mt. Morris, $15; 

Elgin S. S., $13, 28 00 


Center Congregation, 2100 


Royersford S. S., $15; First Ch., Phila- 
delphia, $195.88, 210 88 


P. E. Ginger, Warm Springs 2 50 


Mrs. Rhoda Deaton, Colfax, 10 00 

Total for the month of December, $ 272 38 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, 
General Director Forward Movement. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 



H. C. EARLY. President. H. SPENSER MINNICH, Mis^nary Educa- 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. tional Secretary. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer. M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secrc^ry. 
Editor, the Visitor. CLYDE M. CULP, Financial Secretary. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 



Villa Pax, Koldby, per 

Glasmire, W. E. 
Glasmire, Leah S. 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Esbensen, Niels 
•Esbensen, Christine 

FrUsgatan No. 1, 
Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 
Graybill, Alice M. 

On Furlough 

Buckingham, Ida, Oakley, 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 
Bowman, Pearl S. 
Blough, Anna V. 
Bright, J. Homer 
Bright, Minnie F. 
Crumpacker, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Flory, Edna R. 
Metzger, Minerva 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 
Rider, Bessie M. 
Shock, Laura J. 
Sollenberger, O. C. 
Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E. 
Horning, Dr. D. L. 
Horning, Martha Daggett 
Miller, Valley 
Smith, W. Harlan 
Smith, Frances Sheller 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie E. 
Flory, Raymond C. 
Flory, Lizzie N. 
Hutchison. Anna 
Pollock, Myrtle 
Seese, Norman A. 
Seese, Anna 
Senger, Nettie M. 
Wampler, Ernest M. 
Wampler, Vida M. 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Byron M. 
Flory, Nora 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Myers, Minor M. 
Myers, Sara Z. 
Schaeffer, Mary 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., No. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M., No. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Horning, Emma, 5452 Kim- 
bark Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Vaniman, Ernest D., La 
Verne, Calif. 

Vaniman, Susie C, La 
Verne, Calif. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Arnold, S. Ira 
Arnold, Elizabeth 
Grisso, Lillian 
Lichty, D. J. 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Miller, A. S. B. 
Miller, Jennie B. 
Summer, Benjamin F. 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 
Blickenstaff, Mary B. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby. Emma H. 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Kingery, Pearl Blanche 
Kintner, Elizabeth 
Mohler, Jennie 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 
Ebbert, Ella 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Replogle, Sara G. 
Shumaker, Ida C. 

Novsari, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L. 
Forney, Anna M. % 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Powell, Josephine 
Shull, Chalmer G. 
Shull, Mary S. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Holsopple, Q. A. 
Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 
Mow, Anetta 
Wagoner, J. Elmer 
Wagoner, Ellen H. 
On Furlough 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., North 

Manchester, Ind. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., N 

Manchester, Ind. 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood 

Ohio • 
Emmert, Jesse B., Hunt 

ingdon, Pa. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Kaylor, John I., Hunting 

don, Pa. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 

Hill, Ohio 
Pittenger. Florence B. 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Royer, B. Mary, Richland 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor 

ris. 111. 
Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 

Van Buren St., Chicago 

Widdowson, Olive, 541 

Lexington Ave., N. Y. C 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for eaeh additional ounce or fraction. 
•Native workers trained in America. 

— 4 

The Mission Study Courses 


(Select one of the following for your class study) 

Taking Men Alive, by Trumbull, $1.15 

A Better World, by Dennett, 1.5t 

Christian Heroism, by Royer, 75 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by Price, 75 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Shepard of Aintab, by Riggs, $ .75 

The Book of Personal Work, by Faris, 1.25 

Argonauts of Faith, by Matthews, 1.50 

Sadhu Sundar Singh, by Parker, i 1.25 


(The term Junior is inclusive of all between primary and adult age) 

Primary Folks at Mission Study, by Eisenbise, .$ .50 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— China 69 

Junior Folks at Mission Study — India, by Berkebile, .60 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth, $ .60 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake .75 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles 75 

Stories from Far Away, by Pierce and Northrop, 4 1.25 

For further information send for a free copy of the Mission Study Prospectus— V 


a: *- 

< Z) J 

cc cq 


* < p 

w > p 

co in j 

2: to -• 

« to <u> 

general Mission Board 

VI tf$e CHURCH <tf $e BRETHREN ^T 



C\J < 

The total amount of assets as of November 30, 1 920 we hold, and 
backing every dollar invested with us for which we pay life 

Get connected with a growing, "going concern"; besides, if 
ih you want a thing well done do it yourself, 

t- CC M 

WHY let strangers administer your estate? 
WHY let strangers provide for your family? 
WHY let strangers pay your benevolences? 

Be Your Own Executor 


Write for Booklet V211 

Geixeral Mission Board === 
<sf(fre CHURCH <tf <fre BRETHREN °"T 

Elgin, Illinois 



Church of the 'Brethren 

Guess why the donkey is blindfolded. By covering the animal's eyes his master can leave and do 
other work, the donkey thinking his master is near to strike him if he doesn't keep going aJl day long. 


M&rclh,, 1921 


■ l il lll l llll l lll l l fll l ll ll ll Illlllllllllll Illllllllllllllllllllil lll l lll l l l l l I II II UHI I li ■ Il ll lll l lll l lll llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll I lll lfJlMMfJ 

The Missionary Visitor 


Subscription Terms 


The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
icriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When j 

making change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year j 

xi possible under the same name as in the previous year. j 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. ♦ 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act oi * 

October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. j 

Contents for March, 1921 



A Visit to South China, By J. H. B. Williams 68 

Bulsar Language School, By Jennie Blough Miller 71 

My First Two Days in India, By J. E. Wagoner 72 

The Smell of Tar in Mission Work, By J., F. Gravbill 74 

Tag Day in Chinese Cities for Famine Victims, 75 

China Notes for December, By Anna M. Hutchison 75 j 

December India Notes, By Anetta C. Mow 77 \ 


The Homeland as a Foreign Missionary Sees It, By J. 1'-. Kmmert, .80 I 

A Negro Vacation Church School, By Elsie X. Shickel 82 j 

A Suggested Rural Life Library of Seven Books, 83 j 


When the Moon Got Into Trouble, By V. Grace Clapper 84 j 

A Little Castaway, By Mrs. Minnie E. Bright 85 j 


Volume XXIII 

MARCH, 1921 

No. 3 


" In the morning, a great while before 
day, he rose up and went out, and departed 
into a solitary place, and there prayed." 
If you have a hard task before you, or feel 
that you are not accomplishing your work 
as you should, there is a good suggestion 
in the recipe given by the Master. Would 
you like to have that free-from-care spirit, 
that exuberance of youth, when at Christ- 
mas you went over the river and through 
the woods to grandmother's house? Then 
try this communion alone with God at an 
early hour in the morning. To make sure of 
results be certain that all the personal feel- 
ings against your neighbors that weight 
you down are unloaded. 

All men have their failures. Some do not 
realize that they have failed, and are satis- 
fied; others realize they have failed and are 
disheartened or indifferent to it; while 
others realize the failure and derive from 
it a fresh courage and determination. The 
distinct failure of the salesman's first week 
inspired him with the zeal to make the 
second week a glorious success. A stenog- 
rapher lost her first position because of 
inefficiency, which caused her to continue 
her school work, and now she holds a po- 
sition paying twice as much as the one 
she lost. A Sunday-school teacher was ex- 
cused from his task by the Board of Re- 
ligious Education in a local Sunday-school. 
This event brought him to a realization of 
some of his failures and he is again teach- 
ing, with those failures remedied. 

What is a locomotive? It is an idea of 
George Stephenson's, improved, clothed in 
iron, and driven by steam. What is a mis- 
sionary? It is the mind of the Master 
transmitted to the mind of a man with a 
body that is consecrated to the will of God, 
doing untiringly service that is in accord 

with the life of Jesus Christ. What is the 
purpose of the church? To preach Christ. 
What is the purpose of every Christian 
life? To make Christ known throughout 
the world. As a Christian what does God 
want me to do? To make money? Per- 
haps so, provided I use it to extend the 
influence of Christ throughout the world. 
Does God want me to win social promi- 
nence, to take college degrees, to drive a 
seven-passenger automobile, or to hold 
political office? Yes, provided that with 
the added equipment I shall make Christ 
still more widely known among men. What 
is the use of any church but to make mis- 
sionaries? What is the use of any Chris- 
tian college but to educate missionaries? 
What is the use of our Christian capital 
but to carry on missions; or in other words, 
what is the use of any Christian man or 
woman unless he or she lives with the mis- 
sionary spirit? 

After waiting since last October to re- 
ceive permits from the British Government 
to enter India, L. A. Blickenstaff and fam- 
ily of La Verne, Calif., have finally sailed. 
A letter written on board their ship, the 
Siberia, Feb. 8, gives a farewell to the 
church at home and asks our prayers in 
behalf of the Lord's work in India. The 
biographies of Brother and Sister Blicken- 
staff were printed in the February issue of 
the Visitor. Bro. Blickenstaff will serve 
largely as the business agent for the mis- 
sionaries. With sixty-five missionaries in 
our India field, and with many building 
operations, it can readily be seen that their 
business matters are many and need the 
attention of some one trained and with time 
for this work. Often the saving in ex- 
change by having some one to watch the 
situation closely amounts to nearly enough 
to provide support for a missionary. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Religious dyspepsia is as real as the kind 
we get when a man eats pie and cake con- 
tinually and does no work. Have you seen 
folks in your congregation who attend 
church rather regularly, ' whom the Lord 
has blessed abundantly, and who are good 
after their fashion, but in whose lives 
Christianity is not a vital thing? In fact, 
they would not care a great deal if church 
privileges were removed. We can hardly 
make a correct diagnosis without a person- 
al interview, but it would seem that their 
digestion is bad. What they need is more 
exercise. The mother has a most extraor- 
dinary love for her child, for has she not 
gone into the shadow of death and labored 
for it many times when she would have 
rested? These dyspeptic Christians could 
well afford to suffer for their Lord and give 
service — yes, even after they were tired — 
and then their love for him would be vital- 

Whose business is it to see that the dys- 
peptic Christian gets the proper exercise? 
The elder should, but he has his farm and 
family and cannot give much time to the 
church, except to fill the appointments 
(which is but a small part of the duties of 
the leader in a church). The Sunday-school 
superintendent is busy at his daily task 
and does not feel that he is appointed to 
the leadership of the church. Who, then, 
is to be responsible for the organization of 
the members into a harmonious working 
body? The pastor is the only solution to 
our problem. Some churches, tremendous- 
ly interested in work abroad or over in the 
hills of a neighboring State, have yet to see 
the opportunities and needs in their own 
congregation. If our missionaries were 
content with simply having the appoint- 
ments rilled on Sunday, the home church 
would likely have recalled them before this 
because they had not accomplished some- 

Do you know that the man from within 
the bounds of your congregation, who was 
recently convicted in criminal court, would 
not likely have gone to that place if he 
could have been in your Sunday-school? 
Had he been related to the church of the 
community, a hedge would have been built 

around him, making it difficult for the devil 
to get at him. A young man with the reputa- 
tion of a sinner came to our Sunday-school 
recently, and I said, " Praise God for the 
folks who brought him to our church." He 
was not there the last two Sundays, and 
we will need to warm up our relationship 
with him. Untouched by Christian influence 
he is on the right track to consider your 
life naught if it stood between him and 
your purse. Have you such men within 
the bounds of your church? Is your church 
serving the neighborhood or simply filling 
the appointments? 

The American Bible Society has recently 
issued the following interesting statement: 
" The largest budget in over a hundred 
years was announced today by General 
Secretary Frank H. Mann for the American 
Bible Society. It amounts to $1,222,367, 
and is called for by the very great demand 
for Bibles and Bible distribution in all parts 
of the world. Even Turks are calling for 
Bibles. The war has created a famine of 
Bibles in certain parts of the world, es- 
pecially in Austria and Central Europe. 
The adoption of the new phonetic script in 
China will provide millions of new readers 
in the next few years. Children can learn 
the new script in a few hours, and illiterate 
men and women in as many weeks. The 
American Bible Society is 105 years old and 
has issued 140 million copies of the Scrip- 
tures, in 150 languages and dialects." 

At the sessions of the Foreign Missions 
Conference, held at Garden City, Long Is- 
land, New York, Jan. 18-20, 1921, the fol- 
lowing resolution was adopted: "Meeting 
at an hour when plans are being proposed 
that look toward the reduction of arma- 
ments and the endeavor to reestablish the 
shaken world with its outlook toward 
world peace rather than towards war, this 
conference wishes to voice its prayerful 
hope that wisdom, power and success may 
attend these proposals." The Foreign Mis- 
sions Conference is a delegate body, con- 
sisting of representatives sent from the va- 
rious Protestant organizations. At this 
meeting problems affecting the mutual wel- 
fare of all boards in their foreign work are 
discussed — such questions as union Ian- 


The Missionary Visitor 


guage schools, famine relief work, the needs 
of the field, and best methods educationally 
and medically, proper methods of adminis- 
tration and kindred subjects. The helpful 
contribution each board is able to give is 
welcomed by the others, and all are en- 
riched tr/ereby. When the China Famine 
was discussed by the Foreign Missions Con- 
ference Mr. F. W. Bible, who is director of 
church organization in the American Com- 
mittee for the China Famine Fund, an- 
nounced that there is a certain denomina- 
tion with headquarters at Elgin, 111., with a 
membership of 100,000 which has already 
given $85,000 for relief of the starving Chi- 
nese. We are putting it modestly to say 
that it was a bit of satisfaction to represent 
such a body at this Conference, for at that 
time the total raised by all denominations 
was but $600,000. 

One hundred and twenty thousand dol- 
lars has been received by the General Mis- 
sion Board as we write these items, Feb. 
15, for the China Famine Fund. The origi- 
nal call for $25,000 has been answered in a 
marvelous way. It was not necessary to 
increase the call, for statements of the real 
conditions were sufficient to produce a spirit 
of generous giving. The needs of the starv- 
ing of China have not all been supplied, 
but it is probable that the missionaries in 
our territory have as much as they can dis- 
pense wisely. We need not stretch our 
imagination very much to see that keeping 
alive 20,000 starving people or more is quite 
a strain on the administrative ability of a 
mission. They must needs have in mind 
the future good of the Chinese church. 
Benevolence administered unwisely can 
soon create a state of dependence, so that 
even after famine times are over the people 
will want to lean on the generosity of the 
mission. The adjoining missions are not 
all so well supplied with relief funds, and 
we are suggesting that if our missionaries 
have more than they can use they shall 
divide with other missions. For this reason 
we are still receiving funds to aid in China 
Famine Relief. We must remember that 
large opportunities to aid in reconstruction 
will be open after the famine proper is 

Very many of our churches have dis- 
covered the advantages of Mission Study 
Classes. The problem which is hardest to 
solve is to find a suitable time to hold them. 
Some churches are using the Christian 
Workers' hour just before church on Sun- 
day evening. This is especially successful 
where classes for both the juniors and 
adults are held during the same hour. Large 
numbers of churches are contemplating 
Vacation Church Schools next summer, and 
this affords a splendid opportunity to pro- 
mote mission study. The General Sunday 
School Board have listed the new junior 
Mission Study books on their course. The 
three books written especially for our work 
are as follows: "Primary Folks at Mission 
Study," by Viola Eisenbise, 50c; "Junior 
Folks at Mission Study — India," by Nora 
Berlcebile, 60c, and "Junior Folks at Mis- 
sion Study — China," written by several of 
our missionaries, 60c. These 'books can be 
secured from the Brethren Publishing 
House, Elgin, 111. 

A glance at the "Gains for the Kingdom" 
column in the Gospel Messenger for Feb. 
19 shows that a number of churches have 
had something like a Pentecost. In our 
year when evangelism is receiving more 
than ordinary attention we are most glad 
to see many coming into the kingdom. Let 
us pray that many shall turn to the Lord, 
and let us strive to make our lives worthy 
of the name Christian. Evangelism by the 
evangelist who comes from the next State 
is but one kind. There is another and effec- 
tive when church members are really Chris- 
tian in their everyday walk. Try walking 
out on a week day with your Bible under 
your arm, where your neighbors can see, 
and if they are amazed, a little personal 
investigation in your own life may reveal 
something that needs correction. Neigh- 
bors should not be surprised to see us with 
our Bibles. 

Cooperation means so to conduct your- 
self that others can work with you. — Lucius 
E. Wilson. 

Satan says, " Spare thyself; take care of 
number one." Jesus says "Deny thyself; 
seek not your own but your neighbor's 
good to his edification." 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Visit to South China 

Letter No. 7 

Dear Spenser: 

We spent a few days recently out in that 
section of China from which practically 
all of our Chinese brethren in America 
come, and I want to tell you of the experi- 
ences of one of the days spent with Bro. 
Moy Gwong and Sisters Martha Shick and 
Elizabeth Arnold. The primary reason for 
this particular excursion was to see the 
country in which these folks are located, 
but there was also in it the anticipation 
of pleasure which might come from meet- 
ing a number of the families of Chinese 
brethren in America and of eating our 
dinner by the seashore. 

Early this morning we all gathered* in 
front of Bro. Moy Gwong's home, which 
fronts into the main square of Shantai, 
Sunning District, South China. It is ten 
miles from here to Kwonghoi, the seaport, 
and the only conveyance that these people 
have is the sedan chair. It is a nice, cov- 
ered chair, with a pole on each side. These 
are carried on the shoulders of coolies, one 
in front and the other in the rear. The 
chair-bearers need to develop much 
strength in their shoulders, in order to 
carry such heavy burdens, hence they are 
trained for the work. I do not mean 

trained by anybody in particular, but by 
force of circumstances, because this was 
the business of their fathers, and it natu- 
rally follows that they, too, can make their 
living in the same way. 

This country forces the people to adopt 
this type of conveyance, and for adapta- 
tion to their surroundings the Chinese 
surpass any people that you may expect 
to see. The country is very flat and low. 
The fields are small and have been worked 
to the level, so that they can be easily 
flooded to grow the splendid crops of rice 
for which this country is famous. The 
public highways are simply footpaths on 
ridges between these fields, and usually 
they are paved with long slabs of stone 
and so narrow that two men must be care- 
ful in passing each other. 

Well, after much talking and noise (for 
this seems to be the coolie's method the 
world over of getting up steam), we were 
picked up, and you may be sure that these 
fellows are strong when I tell you that 
they never let us down until after they 
had trotted the distance to Howshan, 
nearly four miles away. 

This country is densely populated, and 
all the people live in villages. I counted 

Traveling in China 



The Missionary Visitor 


these villages as we went along. There 
were nearly seventy of them in the ten 
miles, lying easily within half a mile on 
either side of our road, while beyond them 
were others scattered just as closely to- 
gether. One thing that rather gave us the 
shivers as we traveled through this coun- 
try was the large number of three-storied 
towers with narrow windows in them that 
are dotted everywhere. They are towers 
set to protect the country from the robber 
bands that have the disagreeable habit of 
coming down from the mountains at in- 
convenient times and pouncing upon these 
villages to do their villainous work. 

It was with thoughts of these fellows in 
mind as we went to Kwonghoi that I got 
a thrill which will not soon be forgotten. 
I had been thinking of the missionary who, 
a few months ago, had been taken captive 
in another Chinese province and held for 
ransom, and as we traveled along the road, 
there suddenly appeared in front of us a 
couple of ragged fellows with their guns, 
while far ahead others could be seen run- 
ning about. I thought of those hills and 
the possibility of an enforced visit of a 
few months in them while you were ap- 
pealed to for a bit of ransom on my behalf, 
but Bro. Gwong, who was ahead of me, 
could speak the language, and the others 
of the party were behind. The bit of thrill 
was all mine. These fellows were now the 
government's braves, though Bro. Gwong 
said that under the governor who recently 
was ousted some of them had been robbers. 
The little American flag, which had been 
given to jne by some friends at McPher- 
son, never looked quite so " delicious " as 
it did that morning, when it was pulled 
out and exhibited to these guardians of the 
peace! At the sight of it they smiled and 
their guns looked less wicked than before. 
Really, this country needs a government 
which can clean up these nests of robbers 
and make the land safe for the poor peo- 
ple who live in constant fear of them 

Reaching Kwonghoi, the little fishing 
village by the seaside, we stopped for a 
few moments to view the wide ocean upon 
which we are finding our home so much 
these days, and then turned to seek a 
place where our dinner could be eaten. 
But a great crowd had collected, so that 

going was much impeded. We went out 
of the city and a multitude followed us as 
we climbed the hill back of the town, from 
which we could see the large bay and its 
fleet of fishing craft. All about us on the 
hillsides were the fish of previous days' 
catchings, while the fishermen were about 
mending thfeir nets. 

Our lunch was spread by Sisters Shick 
and Arnold, and the crowd pressed up 
close to watch us. Bro. Gwong hastened 
with his dinner and then told them a bit 
of the Old, Old Story. We thought of the 
Master and the crowds that must have 
thronged him on the shores of Galilee, 
often so that he could scarcely find a place 
to eat in quietude. But these people have 
a chapel and a minister close by, whom 
they might hear if they only would. 

I wanted to tell you also of the villages 
and homes from which our Chinese breth- 
ren in America come. Of this also I have 
written something in the Messenger; but 
this I want more as a "close up" of one 
of their homes. On our return we stopped 
at one of the villages, which seem much 
alike in external appearance. The houses 
are built closely together and are quite 
large and well constructed. Sister Shick, 
whom multitudes know in this territory, 
and Bro. Gwong, who recently returned 
from the States, are well known here and 
our welcome was most cordial, as it was 
in every village that we entered. Some 
old men came out to meet us, and to our 
surprise one of them could speak fairly 
good English. He had been in the States 
for years. We were ushered into the home, 
were given the best chairs that they had, 
and tea was brought for us to drink. A 
crowd of people pressed in at the door 
and gave us a hearty welcome. A darling 
orphan baby, Mary, took my eye, and in 
trying to make up with her she naturally 
cried — such a cry as I could not hush, even 
with applications of Chinese tungiehs and 
Hong Kong dimes. Sugar-cane stalks, that 
are a great delicacy, were brought, and 
the young women of the household peeled 
them for us while we talked with the old 
men, made general observations, and 
chewed the sugar-cane. The scene was 
that of Chinese home life in its character- 
istic hospitality. Some sons from this vil- 


The Missionary Visitor 


lage are in America; some had been; others 
hoped to go. The eyes of these would 
light with interest when they learned that 
we were from that country which they so 
much love and admire. 

Nor were the homes run-down affairs; 
rather, this is the country with the best- 
built houses that we have seerti in rural 
China. The country produces well; its 
menfolk are traders in neighboring cities; 
multitudes of its sons, in some manner best 
known to themselves, reach America and 
send back of their earnings. I say "multi- 
tudes" in the latter instance, because we 
were told of one "family" of possibly 30,- 
000 people who have nearly 2,000 men in 
America at this time. 

I tried to study the question of the effect 
of America upon those who go there. 
Some receive no apparent spiritual stimu- 
lus to change from their old ways ; or if 
they do, it is too weak to accomplish any- 
thing when they return to their people, 
where custom carries such convincing 
weight. All receive something of a desire 
for a greater measure of freedom and a 
better government; and for this reason 
this country becomes good soil for -ardent 
patriots. All imbibe ideas of better sanita- 
tion, better homes and better food, but 
far too many say when they return home, 
"We cannot do anything." A few see the 
Light of the world and return, like An- 
drew, to tell their brethren of the heavenly 
way; but those who do return need your 
prayers, because the way is rough for them 
among the home folks, who regard them as 
apostate to the old paths. Superstition 
runs riot among these folks who have 
never seen America. 

But, Spenser, I cannot close this article 
without telling you that many of the Chi- 
nese brethren in America are anxious re- 
garding their loved ones and friends in 
China. I believe that many of them have 
a very real interest in the spiritual welfare 
of the folks back home. They are making 
contributions to the mission work of Sis- 
ters Shick and 'Arnold. It is not great 
sums of money for mission work that these 
people need; the American church could 
easily give to the spiritual impoverishment 
of South China, though of course some 
money is needed until the work gets start- 

ed. What those who have accepted Jesus 
Christ in America do need more than all 
else is encouragement to spend their money 
in behalf of their unsaved people in China, 
and to stand firm on the Rock of their 
salvation among their fellows in America, 
and especially so when they come back 

Sister Shick and Sister Arnold, who has 
come to be her companion, now live a few 
minutes' walk from the market town of 
Shantai, and are busily engaged in the 
school of eighteen girls, and in work for 
the women of this land; while Bro. Gwong, 
who recently has been appointed by the 
Board for work here, is helping in the 
school, getting better acquainted with the 
villagers round about and making plans 
for Christianizing his people. 

The days spent here were most delight- 
ful to us, and our fellowship with our own 
workers and those of other Boards who 
live in Canton and have work out here, 
was very enjoyable. Our prayer is for the 
Chinese brethren in America, and for their 
folks at home who sit in darkness, waiting 
for the marvelous light. And our prayer, 
too, is for the Christians and their pastors 
in these many villages and towns of Sun- 
ning County, who are witnessing for 

In love, as ever, 

J. H. B. Williams. 


Small things which show which way the 
wind is blowing in China: 

A leading educator (non-Christian) places 
his son in a Bible class. . 

The head of the board of education in a 
large city buys Christian books for his son. 

A governor places his daughter in a 
Christian school. 

The wife of a high official enrolls as a 
pupil in a school for married women. — 
Selected from Missions. 

A school principal gives the credit to 
Christianity for the superior service ren- 
dered by two Christian members of his 

The whole staff in a bank note the 
changed lives of two of the clerks who be- 
come Christians. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bulsar Language School 

Jennie Blough Miller 

NO college buildings, no dormitories, for class recitation 
no large metropolis nor a large en- 
rollment but — textbooks, a worthy 

superintendent, patient teachers, and a few 
students eager to learn the Gujarati lan- 
guage in order to be able to carry the Gos- 
pel to this land of darkness. That is the 
Bulsar Language School. 

Bro. E. H. Eby has been placed in charge 
of the school, along with having charge of 
the evangelistic work and the Bulsar Bible 
School. Even though he has been very 
busy with these other duties, he has been 
sparing no effort in making the work of 
the school successful and the study pleasant 
for the students as well as making every 
one comfortable in every way. We have 
been quite a bit crowded together, because 
of so many being here for language study; 
but the missionaries in charge have 
" doubled up " and shared with us, so all 
have been comfortably located. 

Bro. Eby introduced into our school here 
the " Direct Method " of language study 
worked out by T. F. Cummings. Elizabeth 
Kintner and Sara Replogle were the first 
of our mission to use this system. Accord- 
ing to this method, the fourth chapter of 
John is studied as basic lessons. The sen- 
tences of this chapter are memorized, as are 
also similar sentences based on those sen- 
tences. Some of the major sentences are 
long and some are short. We try to work 
for retentiveness, rapidity and accuracy. 
According to this method, by taking five 
hours of work a day by the 
end of six months a vocabu- 
lary of 1,500 words is ac- 
quired. This method is sim- 
ilar to the Aldine Reading 
Method used in the schools in 
the States. All those who 
have tried the method like it 
very much and all are get- 
ting along very well. 

As has been inferred, we 
do not have a regular 
building for class work, 
but we meet with our 
teachers in our own rooms 

Where it is convenient 
several are together in a class. Elizabeth 
Kintner and Sara Replogle came at the 
same time and so recite at the same time. 
B. F. Summer, Arthur Miller and the 
writer also make up one class, having come 
at the same time, A little later Mr. and 
Mrs. Wagoner arrived, so they are together 
in their study. The above-named are the 
first-year students and are getting ready 
for the first year final examination in 
November and March. During this last 
hot season Mrs. Holsopple came to Bul- 
sar for several months of study, to brush 
up on the language, after having been gone 
from the field for several years. Miss Jones, 
from the Methodist Mission at Baroda, was 
with us during the summer for study. She 
wanted the Direct System which we are 
using here. Dr. Nickey took language work 
also previous to taking over the medical 
work after the Cottrells left for their fur- 
lough. She and Miss Mohler are continu- 
ing language study in connection with their 
work in the medical department. Mr. Hof- 
fert is preparing for the second year final 
examination to be held in November. 

While we have not been able to find 
teachers who have had many years of 
training in teaching the language, we are 
glad to have found resident teachers who 
have had college work or have had the high 
school course. In high school English is 
taught, so they have a good working knowl- 
edge of English, which makes them quite 

First Year Language Students at Bulsar— Two Indian Pundits 


The Missionary Visitor 


helpful to us, especially during the begin- 
ning days of study. We have had several 
mission trained boys who have proved very 
satisfactory as teachers because of their 
originality. This trait is often lacking in 
Indian teachers. In the Indian schools they 
are taught to memorize all their lessons; 
so naturally they do not think 
for themselves. 

Along with our study we 
have not forgotten recreation. 
There are tennis and croquet 
courts, and it is quite pleasant 
to play when the sun is near- 
ly down. Several times we 
went out to the sea, which is 
only three miles away, taking 
our lunch with us. Some of 
the students spent the month 
of June (one of the hottest 
months) out by the sea, where 
the breeze made study a little 

more pleasant. We are contemplating 
starting a Gujarati Literary Society. We 
feel that such, in many ways, will help us 
in our language study. Come and enjoy our 
programs with us. You will be an inspi- 
ration to us and they will do you good. 
Bulsar, Surat Dist. 

An Hour's Recitation With the Pundit 

My First Two Days in India 

J. E. Wagoner 

ABOUT eight o'clock on the evening 
of April 3 we sighted the lights of 
Bombay, and it was probably the 
most welcome experience of our long voy- 
age. It meant that our fondest hopes, the 
aspirations of our dreams, were about to be 
realized. Of course we stayed up on deck 
until we had ascertained that we could not 
go ashore that night, and having been as- 
sured that nothing could be done till the 
next morning most of us retired. And 
those that did so were just enjoying their 
beauty sleep when we were roused out by 
the purser and ordered to go to the recep- 
tion room and present our passports. We 
did so, and were relieved of that much lug- 
gage. About the first thing the next morn- 
ing was to reassemble and have them re- 
turned to us, with the information that a 
mistake had been made before. But, since 
we were at India's door, no one complained. 
Our ship did not attempt to make the 
wharf until nearly nine. It seemed so aw- 
fully long to us, that we wondered if they 
were going to land us that day at all. But 
finally they started, ft would be impossible 
to describe our emotions as we slowly 

circled in, or as we strained our eyes for 
the sight of some one we might know 
on the shore, or as we believed we recog- 
nized the Stovers, Lichty, and others. There 
are some things one cannot say. The Eng- 
lish language is very limited in its ability 
to express certain emotions. 

It took us till after twelve to get our 
goods off the ship and through customs. 
They were very good to us in not making 
us open our trunks, etc., for inspection. 
Perhaps it was because I had already taken 
out my rifle and had it ready for inspection. 
Perhaps not. At any rate, I had to leave 
it in Bombay till I was in position to get a 
license for its use. 

Part of the afternoon was given to rest- 
ing at the Missionary's Home, a fine build- 
ing that is kept and used as a rest house for 
any and all missionaries in Bombay. Bros. 
Lichty, Hoffert and I went to see that all 
our luggage had been transferred and was 
ready for the trip out to Bulsar. All of it 
had to be weighed, and since all over thirty 
pounds has to be paid for as extra, when one 
rides on a third-class ticket you may not 
be surprised to learn that it cost more to 


The Missionary Visitor 


get our luggage sent out than it did for 

Sitting in the station (they are stations 
over here) we had abundant opportunity 
to observe the people, their manners and 
dress. Trains were coming and going, and 
it seemed hordes of people got off and on. 
The people did not look so dirty as I had 
expected after having been in Shanghai, 
and their faces, especially some, were so 
much more intelligent than I was looking 
for. The black eyes of the youngsters fair- 
ly snapped. Of course their dress was, and 
is, meager. As our baby said, " Some of 
them dress awfully cool." But I was sur- 
prised that they did not seem so naked as a 
white person would with the same lack of 
clothing. Black seems to be a sort of dress. 

At 9:25 we left. Failing to get second- 
class for us new missionaries, Bro. Lichty 
had to take third. We took up nearly half a 
car. Bro. Lichty locked us in and we were 
rather surprised at this, but supposed that 
it was to keep us from falling out. But we 
learned that it was not so much to keep 
us in, as it was to keep others out. I, of 
course, had learned that there were some 
300,000,000 people in India. But I had not 
expected to meet all of them the first night! 
The rush was like the rush hours on the 
Chicago " L," only much worse. 

All third-class compartments have wood 
seats, two facing each other, and two others 
above the first two. The compartment is 
devoid of furniture — absolutely so. One 
goes in at the side of the car. I did not 
think there was a conductor on the train. 
But there is a guard. I sometimes think he 
rides on the rear end to keep it from get- 
ting lost. But he is there; that is the main 

As soon as convenient the members of our 
party prepared to retire. All we new folk 
had sent our things in our trunks, not ex- 
pecting to ride all night, and so were not 
fixed with much bedding. Those who came 
to meet us, from experience fared better, 
but with true Christian hospitality, shared 
their holdings. Soon all were asleep, or 
pretending to be, but myself. Somehow I 
couldn't do it. I watched the changing 
scenery, it seemed, for hours. And it was 
beautiful: moonlight, full moon, heavy foli- 
age, picturesque huts, white, ghostlike fig- 

ures standing, sitting, walking, running, or 
fading away in the distance. Sometimes a 
light, or a fire, a peaceful village, or a 
noisy one, high hills, valleys, a few streams, 
bare fields and jungles; the most peaceful 
scene one could imagine, and with it a de- 
lightfully cool breeze from the sea. 

But all beautiful things seem to have an 
end. I got tired, and tried my bed. A 
thin sheet was my mattress, on a very, very 
hard board. The train rocked and bumped 
along worse, it seemed, than anything I 
had ever encountered in the States, unless 
it was the road from Oregon to Forreston, 
passing Mt. Morris. But I slept— for a 
few minutes. Then a stinging sensation on 
my ankle awakened me. I scratched, and 
scratched, and sera — and so continued, and 
presently up went my persecutor — just a 
mosquito. Then I sat up for a while again; 
and then lay down again; and so alternated 
till about 5:30 in the morning, when we 
arrived at Bulsar. 

We were met at the station by A. W. 
Ross, the Millers, Dr. Nickey, Misses Kint- 
ner and Replogle, E. H. Eby, a score of 
native helpers, an oxcart and two oxen, a 
most imposing party I can assure you. But 
we welcomed them all, and needed them, 

The day was spent in getting acquainted, 
and resting, and unpacking, for what seemed 
the twentieth time, our trunks. We had 
chota hajari at seven, breakfast at eleven, 
tea at 3:30 and dinner at seven. We had 
become used to this on the trip, so did not 
faint at once. 

We were given two rooms, very nice, with 
stone floors, four single beds, two chairs, a 
couple of desks, bookcase and wardrobe; 
also a. bathroom. This is a delightful place. 
The bath is taken by dipping the water from 
a vessel, pouring it over the head and let- 
ting it run ov~r one's anatomy. 

We were tired and retired as soon as con- 
venient. I received some valuable instruc- 
tion from sevenl. One was to be sure to 
blow out our lights; other advice was to 
keep them burning, or have matches very 
handy. The reason: There might be a snake 
on the floor — or somewhere. Also, never, 
never to put on our shoes without first 
shaking them. There might be a scorpion 
inside taking his nap. And he resents be- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing awakened, and the result will be an 
awfully sore foot. I took the advice. 

During the night I awoke and felt sure 
there was some one in the opposite room. 
Away in the distance there was the weird- 
est imitation of music I had ever heard. 
Probably some one was beating the tom- 
toms. Such sounds are very strange when 
heard under such circumstances for the first 
time. Closer could be heard a myriad of 
insects. How thankful I was for the mos- 
quito curtain around my bed! It gave me a 
feeling of security from my enemies, the 

mosquitoes and fleas. The light from the 
lantern showed two or three gorollies — liz- 
ardlike creatures — speeding away in as 
many directions. The dismal tomtom 
started up again. The night wore on and 
so did I. With the coming of daylight I 
got a little sleep. 

We feel we are very much blessed to be 
here, because we see tremendous possibil- 
ities that lie hidden in the people of India, 
which only Christian education can fully 

Bulsar, Surat Dist. », 

The Smell of Tar in Mission Work 


WHILE present at a missionary meet- 
ing in the Baptist church in Malmo 
on the occasion of the fiftieth an- 
niversary of the founding of that church in 
this city, we heard an impressive little in- 
cident related by the president of this so- 
ciety's missionary committee. He said it 
is just a little difficult to decide what amount 
to consider a large mission offering in this 
prosperous age. An amount that was 
deemed large five years ago is now looked 
upon as very ordinary. The change in the 
times has brought about a great change in 
offerings for mission work. We can well 
understand the truth of the statement made 
above. It is just as easy now, for some, to 
give one hundred dollars, or more, as it was 
to give fifty, five years ago. 

A little over a year ago a man, who had 
the appearance of coming from the back- 
woods, entered the office of the Baptist Mis- 
sion Board in Stockholm. After a little 
search for something in the inside pocket of 
his coat, he brought forth an envelope 
which he handed to the clerk. His action 
attracted the attention of the entire office 
force. The clerk concluded that the enve- 
lope contained a letter of recommendation 
to solicit aid for the holder or some one 
else, but to her great surprise found within 
it a one-thousand-crown bill, which is equal 
to $200 at the present high rate of exchange. 
The man gave his name, but insisted that it 
be not made public. The money was to be 
an offering to the mission cause. 

One year later the same mission room 
was in receipt of a letter from a man in 


the extreme northern part of Sweden. The 
letter explained that the writer was en- 
gaged in digging stumps and extracting tar 
from them. His business had so prospered 
during the year that he desired to bring 
an offering unto the Lord. The letter con- 
tained a check for 10,000 crowns, with no 
other instructions than that it was to be 
used for mission purposes. After a little 
consideration the cashier discovered that 
the name corresponded with that of the 
one who had given a one-thousand-crown 
bill one year before, and then remembered 
that she thought the bill had the smell of 

We see that it is possible for a man's oc- 
cupation to impart an odor to his clothes 
and pocketbook, that may follow him 
wherever he goes and reveal his trade, 
whether it be honorable or dishonorable. 
This may not always be the most agree- 
able. People are engaged in various voca- 
tions, such as merchants of different kinds, 
dealers in horses and cattle, farmers of I 
tobacco and other products, carpenters, etc. 
Here in Malmo, where fishing is a great 
industry, one frequently gets a coin with a 
fish scale attached to it that is not easily 
removed. I would not be surprised if some 
fish scales find their way into the offering 
baskets on Sunday morning. 

The money that goes into the Lord's i 
treasury must come from the savings of 
those engaged in various occupations. It 
matters not whether it has the smell of tar 
or something else that is more or less 
(Continued on Page 84) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tag Day in Chinese Cities for Famine Victims 

(News from the American Committee for 
China Famine Fund) 

IN helping China over the terrible crisis 
presented by the famine in the north- 
ern provinces, Americans will be help- 
ing those who help themselves. Not only 
has the Chinese Government taken active 
measures for relief of the sufferers, but the 
large cities are busily engaged in raising 
funds from private individuals. What is 
more, they have taken a lesson from Ameri- 
can experience in these matters and have 
adopted methods as up-to-date as any that 
may be found in New York, Chicago or 
any city of the United States. 

Chinese papers, just received at head- 
quarters of the American Committee for 
China Famine Fund, tell of "Tag Day" in 
Peking. In all, men and women students 
from thirty-five colleges participated. The 
various sections of the city were carefully 
marked out and allotted to colleges; the 
students exhibited the utmost keenness in 
patrolling the streets, and one gathers that 
few passers-by* escaped being " tagged." In 
addition, the billboard artists were con- 
spicuous, placarding the city with posters 
descriptive of the tragic facts of the famine 
area. By consent of the Board of War 
airships flew over the old city, across whose 
walls no stranger in the old days might so 
much as peer, and airplanes scattered ap- 
peals for the famine sufferers. 

Similar scenes, the American Committee 
is informed, have been enacted in other 
cities. In Shanghai, it is reported, as evi- 
dence of the immense strides which the 
emancipation of women has taken in China, 
largely the result of education in our mis- 
sionary schools and colleges, that daughters 
of the most exclusive and fashionable fami- 
lies in Chinese society took an active and 
enthusiastic part in " tag day." A far cry, 
this, from the old days when Chinese girls 
of good families had their feet tightly 
bound in childhood, and were condemned in 
consequence to hobble painfully for the rest 
of their lives. No woman with feet so 
constricted could have stood the rigors of 
collecting in the streets on a " tag day " 1 
That is one of the many blessings for 
which Chinese womanhood today is thank- 

ing the teaching of our Christian mission- 
aries. Today those missionaries are labor- 
ing heroically to feed not only the souls 
but the poor, wasted bodies of the 45,000,- 
000 people in North China who are in im- 
minent peril of starving to death. And they 
are relying, as in the past, on the practical 
sympathy of the Christian churches of 
America to provide the funds which are so 
urgently needed. 


Anna M. Hutchison 
During the month of December there 
has been considerable snow in this part 
of China, but not much severely cold 
weather, though immediately following 
the closing of the month the temperature 
ranges from ten and more below zero. We 
hope it will not continue long thus, as it 
will mean untold suffering for the many 
poor and starving. 

We regret that we have no news direct 
from Ping Ting at this time concerning 
famine conditions there and in that sec- 
tion, as that is the worst-stricken section 
in this part of China. But from the word 
that has come previously we know the 
conditions of poverty and suffering are 
almost unbelievable and indescribable. We 
are so glad the home church is rallying to 
the call of the suffering, and that the Chi- 
nese Government is also making large 
donations to that end. Every day, even at 
Liao Chou, the needy and suffering call at 
our doors for assistance. How constantly 
we are reminded of the words of our 
Savior, " The poor ye have always with you, 
and when ye will ye may do them good"! 

This has been a full month in many 
ways. Schools being unusually full, there 
have been added work and many duties. 
And then the Christmas season, coming in 
this month, with its various programs 
given by school-children and others, has 
meant preparation, and joy in the render- 
ing. Altogether it was a full, joyous, 
blessed season, the joy of which was not 
confined to the favored, for many of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


poor and suffering shared in that joy- 
through the gifts of food and clothing 
made them by the more favored. And 
many little Chinese girls and boys, as well 
as older people, were made happy by the 
gifts sent them by the dear boys and girls 
of America. How we wished our boys and 
girls of America might have seen some of 
these render their Christmas programs! 
One is constantly surprised and gratified 
to note the ability and natural gift they 
have in acting out their parts. This year 
at our girls' school Christmas program at 
Liao Chou they acted out two plays, " How 
the Li Family Kept Christmas," and " White 
Gifts for the King." At the boys' school 
the story of Joseph and his brethren was 
acted out, and also the story of MuLan, 
the daughter of a Chinese soldier, who, 
being sick, the girl took her father's place 
in the army and saved her country from 
the enemy. After seeing these stories act- 
ed out by the Chinese they put on a new 
life and reality that one can never forget. 

On Christmas day appropriate programs 
and services were held at both our main 
chapel and at our Women's Chapel, one 
chapel not being large enough to accommo- 
date all. These programs consisted of 
songs, choruses, etc., Scripture quotations, 
and talks. In the afternoon a special pro- 
gram was held for the poor people, after 
which about a hundred people went away 
happier by a gift of food or clothing. In 
the evening we had a program and Christ- 
mas tree at Brother and Sister Seese's home 
for the foreign children, to which several 
Chinese Christian families and their chil- 
dren were invited. Then on Monday even- 
ing a program was given at the Hiel Hamil- 
ton Hospital, the main feature of which 
was the acting out of the proceedings of 
both an old-time Chinese doctor and of a 
foreign doctor, in their concoction of medi- 
cines and the administering of the same. 

Word from Shou Yang says that " this 
year the boys' and girls' schools at Shou 
Yang made their first attempt at render- 
ing programs in honor of the Christmas 
season, the boys illustrating the parable 
of the Prodigal Son. The Chinese surely 
are born actors, and when once they get 

the setting of a story and the facts in 
mind they have no difficulty in im- 
personating the characters and acting 
out the story. Christmas is a great day 
for them as well as for the children of 
America, and they look forward to it with 
joyous anticipation. We were awakened 
on Christmas morning at about 2 o'clock 
by their happy voices singing Christmas 
carols under our windows. In the clear, 
white moonlight, so characteristic of China, 
they could readily read the songs from 
their song books, and even though the 
weather was cold the music kept up until 
almost daylight, and even though sleep 
was gone it was hard to know who enjoyed 
the music most, those who sang or those 
who listened." 

Last year our missionaries at Shou Yang 
held their church service in the present 
girls' school building, and since it was 
much too small, another building consider- 
ably larger was repaired during the sum- 
mer. This has been serving as chapel, but 
the past few weeks have proven to them 
that even that building is too small for 
public services, and that er'e long they will 
have to make other arrangements to 
accommodate the people if they wish the 
work to grow. 

The girls' school there now has an en- 
rollment of forty-eight, only thirty-two of 
whom can be accommodated in the present 
dormitories. The remainder, who live in 
the city, must sleep at home. Sister Clap- 
per, in charge, is wishing that they might 
have room to accommodate all these, since 
by sleeping at home they miss the evening 
study and both the evening and morning 
worship. Of the thirty-two who sleep in 
the dormitories, twenty-nine are accommo- 
dated by three rooms and five " kangs," 
which is really " too thick to thrive," but 
they are hoping they will not need long 
to continue in this crowded state. 

The Shou Yang family, with Brother and 
Sister Myers, who are temporarily located 
at Shou Yang, and Sister Edna Flory, from 
Ping Ting, surrounded the Christmas din- 
ner table in the hospitable home of Brother 
and Sister B. M. Flory. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. Heisey spent a few days of this 
month in investigating conditions in the 
famine district of Yu Hsien. He says the 
situation is pathetic, since the people are 
destitute of food and sufficient clothing to 
see them through the winter in any degree 
of comfort. Brethren Heisey and Flory. 
will assist in the relief work at that place 
during the winter. 


The only news we have had from Ping 
Ting recently is that little Henry King 
Oberholtzer has had an attack of menin- 
gitis, and for a while his case seemed very 
serious, but we are glad to' report that the 
last news was more favorable, saying that 
he seemed to be improving and all were 
more hopeful. 

One of the unusual happenings of the 
month in this part of China was an earth- 
quake that took place on the evening of 
the 16th, at 8:15. For about five minutes 
there -was a decided swaying of all build- 
ings, from north to south and vice versa. 
The hanging lamps in the girls' school, 
Sister Cripe said, swayed at least six 
inches. Clocks stopped, and the tops of 
some towers tumbled to the ground. There 
was considerable excitement among the 
Chinese, and some thought the world was 
coming to an end. Practically all ran out 
of their houses into their yards or courts, 
fearing the buildings would fall and 
crush them. Even then, on a street not 
far from us, a little child, in the excitement 
was left lying on the brick bed and the 
roof fell in and crushed it to death. 


And now with these notes we bid our 
readers farewell for the year, and another 
takes up the work for the new year. We 
have had a blessed year in the Master's 
service in China, for which we praise his 
name. You have been coworkers with us 
by your prayers and by your gifts, and 
yours shall be a share in the reward. May 
the coming year be even a fuller and a 
richer year in service and in joy, both for 
you and for us as we carry forward the 
banner of the Master in the coming of 
his kingdom. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China, Jan. 1. 


Anetta C. Mow 

DECEMBER 19 Bro. J. M. Blough 
left for Colombo, where he was to 
meet the General Mission Board 
party. A wire has come saying that the 
party landed safely on the 27th. They ex- 
pect to visit missions along the way and 
hope to reach Bulsar Jan. 10. We are glad 
to know that they are actually in India and 
are soon to be with us in person. We look 
forward to a time of blessing while they 
are here. 

Sunday the 12th, Bro. Elmer Wagoner at 
Vyara and Bro. B. F. Summer at Ankles- 
var preached their first sermons in Gujarati. 

Lucile Forney was baptized one Sunday 
morning early in December. At the same 
time one of the Jalalpor Boarding-school 
girls was baptized. She was the first girl 
from this boarding to ask for this rite. 

The new Girls' Boarding-school building 
at Jalalpor has just been finished and the 
dedicatory services will be held next Sun- 

Nov. 28 to Dec. 10 an institute was held 
at Vali for the workers. Bro. E. H. Eby, 
Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, Visram, Nagarji 
Dhanji were the instructors. A lecture was 
given every evening to a full house. The 
meetings closed with a love feast. The fol- 
lowing week Bro. Holsopple was out at 
Amletha, in meetings. These also closed 
with a love feast. 


Sister Ella Ebbert writes that she has had 
measles and chicken-pox in her girls' school 
at Dahanu, but that the girls are getting 
well. This new school is gradually grow- 
ing. The first of this month a new teacher, 
who has had a couple of years of training 
and several years' experience teaching in 
government schools, was employed. Since 
her coming two standards have been added 
to the school, so now there are four stand- 
ards. Sunderbai, one of the teachers, has 
just returned from a six weeks' sick leave, 
and her presence and help are much appre- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. D. J. Lichty and Sister Kathryn 
Ziegler are out in the villages around 
Anklesvar, and report good meetings. 

This month has seen the Christmas 
season come and go. At every station 
special efforts were put forth to make it a 
time of good cheer and blessing. In ad- 
dition to the morning services, at most of 
the stations, programs were given. These 
programs were presented in the afternoon 
and ended by a treat of sweetmeats to both 
the children and the grown-ups. 

Sister Alice Ebey, from Ahwa, Dangs, 
writes: "Our Christmas rush is over now. 
We had a happy time, yet so many big 
things all at once were wearying to the 
flesh. It began the day before Christmas — 
school-children decorating with paper flags 
and our own housecleaning and baking. 
Then for several days we were sorting out 
cheap garments and pieces of cloth for the 
people who were in some way connected 
with the mission. Friday evening we gave 
clothing to the boarding-school children 
and to teachers, workers and servants some 
little gifts. 

"At midnight the school-girls awakened 
us with Christmas songs. Early in the day 
we gathered in the church — over 300 
crowded in, as thick as could be. Music, 
songs and Christmas speeches were given, 
and all seemed very happy, but the thing 
that made the Christians happiest was their 
own giving. China's sore need in their fam- 
ine was presented to them. Our people 
here know something of famine by actual 
experience, and out of their poverty was 
given 22 rupees (something over $7), for 
the missionaries gave only a little of this. 
In the afternoon the people came to the 
bungalow. The verandas and compound 
seemed well filled. The children were given 
dates, and all who had been doing labor 
here on the new bungalow — about 150 — re- 
ceived a cheap jacket or coat. 

" The following Sunday was busy with 
special meetings in preparation for the love 
feast and baptism. The day before New 
Year's twenty-four were baptized. One of 
these was an old woman who had opposed 
the mission for a number of years. Another 

was a man who has been staying out for 
more than a year because some members of 
the church are not living as Christians 


Bro. H. L. Alley, at Dahanu, spent Dec. 
24 and 25, going out with some of his 
workers to eleven villages and to the Boys' 
Boarding-school at Karadaho. He writes: 
" We gave a little treat to all, and fifty 
children received clothing for regular at- 
tendance in school. Including those here 
on the compound we gave some little treat 
to about 365 people. ' Many others in the 
villages heard the' message as told by our 

Relief Map Made by Boarding School Boys 

At Vali, on Christmas Eve, a children's 
program was carried out and a treat dis- 
tributed. After this was a " gayan suba " 
(singing service). Christmas forenoon was 
filled with the Christmas services. At noon 
a community dinner was enjoyed by all. 
Then followed the distribution of presents 
from America. In the afternoon games were 
played. On Sunday fourteen boys from 
the boarding-school were baptized. 

Christmas day at Vyara found the com- 
pound well filled with people, who had 
come in from the surrounding villages. It 
was estimated that more than 650 people 
were present. One hundred and eight were 
baptized after the morning service. In the 
afternoon a program was given by various 
village schools and the boys and girls of the 
station boarding schools. Then followed a 
treat of " mamra-save and jelabi." 

(Continued on Page 87) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qomr gjeliiH 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

The Advisory Council 

Concerning which mention was made in 
last issue, held its first meeting, in Elgin 
the third and fourth of February. The 
members of the council, Edgar Rothrock, 
D. J. BlickenstafT, M. Clyde Horst, C. D. 
Bonsack and M. R. Zigler, Home Mission 
Secretary, were present. 

M. Clyde Horst was chosen chairman, 
Edgar Rothrock, vice-chairman, and M. R. 
Zigler, secretary. 

To function as an advisor to the Home 
Department of the General Board in 
matters pertaining to the home mission 
enterprise; to study the fields of need in 
the home territory; to' make available its 
findings to the General Brotherhood; to 
endeavor to create sentiment in behalf of 
the home work; to inventory our resources 
and possibilities as a church and finally to 
develop plans whereby these resources of 
money and man power may be connected, 
so that through the church may flow God's 
love to those who do not now know him, 
and his saving power. 
The Meeting 

The first task of the council was to find 
its place and purpose. The task of home 
missions is overwhelming in possibilities, 
and opportunities are so varied and numer- 
ous that it dazes the human mind as it at- 
tempts to grapple with immediate and 
pressing needs of this day. Space will not 
permit us to give a detailed report. The 
committee faced the call of the "special 
groups," the Indian, negro, the foreigner, 
the people of the mountains, Spanish-speak- 
ing American, unoccupied territory, and 
then the weakening churches and Districts 
of our own church. There developed from 
the discussion of the rural church and its 
problems some recommendations, concern- 
ing which something will be said later. 
The committee felt that if the church is to 
hold at least its own, the country churches 

must be aroused to the opportunities that 
are near their doors. The city problem was 
discussed as a field ripe for immediate ac- 
tion. The home mission programs for An- 
nual Conference were planned. The general 
program will be Saturday morning, June 11. 
The meetings of the District Mission 
Boards and all interested in home work, as 
heretofore will be held on the early morn- 
ings of Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Mon- 

It is desired that each District Board 
have at least one representative at these 
morning conferences. Further report of 
the work of the committee will appear in a 
later issue and also in the Messenger. 

For Rural Church Leaders 

The Christian Work, a weekly religious 
magazine, has opened a new department in 
interest of the country church. Dr. Freder- 
ick Lynch is the editor of -the paper and Dr. 
Edmund de S. Brunner conducts the Rural 
Church Department. In connection with 
the department there is planned a corre- 
spondence course equal in value to that of 
university courses. Dr. Brunner is in touch 
with all rural activities and therefore is es- 
pecially fitted for the direction of this work. 
He was director of the survey department 
for the country division of the Interchurch 
Movement, and is executive secretary of 
the rural departments of both the Home 
Missions Council and the Federal Council of 
Churches. The course has ten lessons, which 
take up country church problems; organi- 
zation and finance; survey of the parish; re- 
ligious education for the local church; wor- 
ship, evangelism, preaching; cpecial work 
for men and boys, women and girls; new 
Americans; leadership training for local and 
life work; the new country church building; 
the church's obligation to the community, 
and building the program of the town and 
country community. If you are interested 
in such a. proposition write Christian Work, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Town and Country Church Department, 70 
Fifth Ave., New York City, for full infor- 

"A Manual of Church Plans." At the 

meeting of the Home Missions Council in 
January, 1920, it was requested that the 
committee on church building should issue 
during the year a book on church architec- 
ture. The. Manual contains thirty plans for 
church buildings. The committee respon- 
sible for the Manual represents eleven de- 
nominations. Rev. Geo. R. Brauer, of the 

Board of Church Erection Fund of the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church, U. S. A., served as editor of the 
material. The material has been arranged 
in this order — village, suburban, commu- 
nity, city, and rural churches. The plans 
have been made available by expert archi- 
tects in the field of church construction. 
The Manual will furnish many valuable 
suggestions in the planning of a church. 
Anyone desiring a copy of the Manual can 
secure it through the General Mission 
Board for twenty-five cents. 

The Homeland as a Foreign Missionary Sees It 

J. B. Emmert 

HOME mission is where you are and 
foreign mission is where you are 
not." With some such words a 
foreign missionary recently opened an ad- 
dress on home missions. He wished to 
impress the fact that a mission is foreign 
only in the sense that it is supported by 
people of another country. To the mis- 
sionary himself it* is an intensely home-mis- 
sion task, and in it he links up with himself 
all the Christian forces of his field in a 
thoroughgoing and organized effort to im- 
press Christian thought and truth and action 
upon the whole community. The task at 
home is much the same. Human nature is 
similar the world around; sin is the same 
and manifests itself in the identical forms; 
salvation as it is in Jesus Christ suits man's 
needs everywhere and uplifts when applied 
— but only when applied. 

It is well for us at home to be reminded 
that every generation needs to be evan- 
gelized. " Once saved always saved " does 
not apply to communities or nations, what- 
ever we may believe relative to its appli- 
cation to individuals. Each generation 
needs to be taught the truth of God and to 
be brought into vital touch with him and 
his salvation. That a child is born of 
Christian parents and reared in a Christian 
community does not necessarily mean that 
he is or will become a Christian. Neither 
does the mere observance of outward 
forms, customs, refinements and courtesies 
of a Christian community make of a man a 
Christian. Christianity does not consist in 
multiplied comforts, conveniences and in- 

numerable speeding devices, nor in sani- 
tation, education, well-adjusted labor con- 
ditions and smoothly-running social rela- 
tions. All these are very desirable and 
may be expected as by-products, but they 
are not Christianity, and of themselves are 
helpless as saving forces. They are results 
and not causes. Some people in mission 
lands deceive themselves by thinking that 
if they enjoy these by-products they have 
all there is of Christianity. It is possible 
that many Americans are not free from a 
similar delusion. Multitudes in the great 
cities of non-Christian lands enjoy many of 
these results of Christian civilization, but 
it in no wise makes them Christian, either 
in name or in nature. Educated and refined 
Indians, reveling in all the luxuries, com- 
forts and conveniences of the twentieth 
century, may be withal as selfish, immoral 
and spiritually empty and estranged from 
God as their neighbors who live in hovels 
and under conditions a millennium behind 
the times. Mere civilization does not mean 
purity of life and morals, fidelity to God 
and the highest reach of perfection to which 
God would raise men. It does not mean 
that in India or China, nor does it mean it 
in England or America. "A man's life does 
not consist in the abundance of the things 
which he possesseth." Christianity is an 
inner life, a supernatural life which is from 
God (John 1:13), and from the individual 
it flows out into the community in far- 
reaching benefits. 

But why all this in a missionary's view 
of the home-mission task? It is only to 


The Missionary Visitor 


call attention to the stupendous task the 
church has before it in the homeland. Our 
children and our neighbors' children need 
to be carefully nurtured and trained and 
led to personal touch with the living Lord 
and to a willing, confident faith in him. 
They need this just as much as does the 
child born in darkest Africa. True, the 
task should not be as difficult, but it is 
none the less a real task. To disregard it 
means irreparable loss to the individuals 
neglected and to the country. A people 
having a religion which claims to meet the 
spiritual needs of the whole world and 
choosing the darkest places of the earth 
for its conquest, certainly should aim to 
make their homeland the brightest spot in 
the world. Not one of us is willing to deny 
that the American people are worth sav- 
ing. Some one may argue that all will not 
accept salvation, no matter what effort the 
church puts forth. Granted the contention, 
but are we doing all we can to save and 
uplift those who will accept? Have we a 
plan which at all approaches adequacy? Is 
there any reason why the church should 
not have such plan and bend all her energies 
to accomplish its purpose? 

Such attempt would mean work; it would 
mean sacrifice; it would mean a change in 
our present ways of doing things. But we 
need to ask ourselves seriously what God 
desires in the matter. We believe that he 
would have all men to be saved and come 
to the knowledge of the truth (1 Tim. 2:3- 
6). We certainly believe that Christ has 
sent his own into the world, even as the 
Father sent him (John 17: 18), and that he 
is even now with us with all needed power 
and authority (Matt. 28: 18-20). What must 
he think of our indifferent, careless, half- 
hearted way of doing the rescue work for 
which he died and for which he instituted 
the whole soul-saving scheme? We know 
that wonderful results are achieved when 
men really seek after God and work ac- 
cording to his appointed ways. We know, 
too, that men do respond when we, em- 
powered by God's Spirit, labor with earnest, 
loving devotion and sympathy. 

Just now our hearts are stirred to the 
depths by tales of hunger and cold in 
China and of persecution and destitution in 
Armenia. We have flung open our hearts' 

doors and are sending our gifts with joy. Be 
it so, and may God bless every gift. But 
are we so materialistic, so dull of spiritual 
understanding, so tied to the earth, earthy, 
as not to realize that right around us, with- 
in reaching distance of every one of us, men 
and women and helpless children are starv- 
ing, perishing for the Bread of Life? We 
must believe this if we believe that the 
Lord Jesus is the only Savior. Men risk 
their own lives in efforts to save strangers 
from burning buildings. We see men 
asleep in sin, their stupor settling deeper 
and deeper, yet we stand idly by, rejoicing 
the while in our own security. Walk with 
me through some Indian town and I can 
show you by the roadside, where children 
play, lepers sitting with fingerless hands, 
toeless feet and swollen faces in mute ap- 
peal for a pittance. You throw up your 
hands in horror and ask why the govern- 
ment does not segregate such disease car- 
riers, who certainly are a menace to the 
public health. Yet our American children 
cannot walk the streets, visit the public 
playgrounds nor sit in the railway stations 
without having their minds befouled with 
grime and smut and filth from which they 
can never rid themselves. Indians have be- 
come accustomed to the leper and let him 
sit. We have become too accustomed to 
foul language, wickedness, vice and sin 
about us, and, like our eastern neighbors, 
are letting them sit to besmirch as they 
may. In a single issue of the Gospel Mes- 
senger we read of " The Gambling Mania," 
" Moving Picture Shows Promotive of 
Crime," " Fraudulent Enterprises," " A 
Menace to Our Nation." These items not 
only point out evils which are at work 
among us, but also indicate that already 
they have a deadly grip on millions of our 
people. Twenty millions of our young peo- 
ple under eighteen years of age never enter 
any church. More than this number flock 
to the "movies" and feast their minds on 
pictures depicting the baser passions of the 
human heart. It is common knowledge 
that in many colleges, universities, and e* ei 
theological seminaries, much of the teach- 
ing leads away from the fundamental truths 
of Christianity. The fruit will be like the 

(.Continued on Page 87) 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Negro Vacation Church School 

Elsie N. Shickel 

WE'RE going to have such a fine 
time today. Joseph is going to 
tell his brothers who he is and 
he's going to get to see his old father 
again. I 'most know we're going to play 
our story today. I think John would make 
a good Joseph, don't you? " 

"Yes, but you just ought to be over in 
our class," came from one of the older 
boys. "We're going with Jesus down to 
the Jordan to be baptized today, and we're 
going to finish up our maps that far. I've 
got some pictures of the Jordan River here 

Then one of the little children broke in: 
"Teacher said after our story about other 
boys and girls we could make picture 
books. We're going to make them for 
children who don't have pretty books to 
look at like we do. And she said some of 
them don't live so very far away, either, 
and maybe they'll write and tell us how 
they like our gifts." 

"Wonder what songs we'll sing today? " 

"I guess the 'Lighthouse song' will be 
one. I like that best. I'm going to keep 
my light burning today. Here is a quarter 
I earned all by myself and I'm going to put 
it into our offering box for the children in 

Such bits of conversation could be caught 
as the boys and girls and smaller children 
gathered on the college campus one bright 
morning last August. Several negro chil- 
dren passing on their way to the store 
stopped to listen. What was it all about? 
Well, you see, during the Summer Train- 
ing School we were conducting a Vacation 
Church School for the children, and they 
were gathering for their worship period. 

Now, these Vacation School boys and 
girls had been getting stories every day 
that would influence them to be kind and 
helpful toward all children everywhere. 
Some of them saw the negro children stop- 
ping, and began to wonder if they wouldn't 
like a Vacation School too, and why they 
couldn't have one. Some grown folks be- 
gan to wonder the same things, and among 
these were the Vacation School teachers. 

They responded to this opportunity, and, 
as busy as they were already, offered to 
conduct a school for the negro children in 
the afternoons. 

Here's a picture of their school. What 
do you think of it? 

" Inasmuch " 

" Not many pupils," you say. True, but 
we believe it was worth while even^ for 
these few. 

"And why so many teachers? " You see, 
the work was so fascinating that all of 
them wanted a part in it. 

You should have seen what fine work 
these children did in so short a time — 
only a little more than a week. They 
learned hymns, which they sang in their 
characteristic way, scriptures, Bible and 
mission stories. The large girl, dressed 
in white, made an illustrated book of the 
life of Christ, and at the close of the school 
was able to tell the story of his life as 
suggested by the illustrations. Each of 
the two larger girls made offering baskets 
of rushes and wrapping twine. 

We'll show you one of these baskets at 
the Vacation School exhibit at Hershey 
Conference in June. The other on'e these 
same negro children use every Sunday for 
their offering for some others of God's 
boys and girls. You see some of our stu- 
dents are conducting a negro Sunday- 
school. If you'll come to see us some Sun- 
day afternoon we'll let you peep in and see 
these very children in their worship and 

Daleville, Va. 


The Missionary Visitor 



On the Rural Church 

Cooperation in Coopersburg, Brunner 

$ .50 

The Country Church and the Rural 

Problem, Butterfield 1.25 

Six Thousand Country Churches, Gill 

and Pinchot 1.60 

The Making of a Country Parish, Mills .50 
Fear God in Your Own Village, Morse 1.20 
Serving the Neighborhood, Felton ... .75 
Rural Evangelism, Wagner 1.00 

Total $6.80 

On the Rural School 

Country Life and the Country School, 

Carney $ 1.60 

Rural Life and Education, Cubberly . 1.85 

New Schools for Old, Dewey 2.00 

The Rural Teacher and His Work, 

Foght 1.80 

The Twentieth Century Rural School, 

Davis 1.50 

The Community Center, Hanifan .... 1.52 
The Consolidated Rural School, 

Rapeer 3.00 

Total $13.27 

On Problems of Rural Living 

The American Country Girl, Crow ..$ 2.50 

Healthful Farmhouse, Dogg 60 

Health on the Farm, Harris 2.25 

Home Waterworks, Lynde 1.50 

Farm Boys and Girls, McKeever . . . 2.50 

Rural Hygiene, Ogden 2.50 

Farm Management, Warren 2.90 

Total $14.75 

On the Village 

The Country Town, Anderson $ 1.00 

Rural Improvement, Waugh 1.75 

The Little Town, Douglass 1.75 

Rural Life, Galpin 3.00 

Educational Resources of Village and 

Rural Communities, Hart 1.60 

The Making of a Town, McVey .... 1.00 
Tovn Planning for Small Commu- 
nities, Bird 2.75 

Total $12.85 

On Economic and Social Problems 
Principles of Rural Economics, Car- 
ver $ 2.00 

The Evolution of the Country Com- 
munity, Wilson 1.25 

Rural Life, Galpin 3.00 

The Rural Community, Ancient and 

Modern, Sims 4.50 

Cooperation in Agriculture, Powell . 2.50 
Introduction to Rural Sociology, 

Vogt 2.75 

The Marketing of Farm Products, 
Weld 2.25 

Total $18.25 


Only a smile, yes, only a smile, 

That a woman o'erburdened with grief, 

Expected from you, 'twould have given 
For her heart ached sore the while; 

But weary and cheerless, she went away, 

Because, as it happened that very day, 
You were out of touch with your Lord. 

Only a word, yes, only a word, 

That the Spirit's small voice whispered, 
" Speak." 
But the worker passed onward, unblessed 
and weak, 
Whom you were meant to have stirred 
To courage, devotion and love anew, 
Because when the message came to you,' J 
You were out of touch with your Lord. 

Only a note, yes, only a note, 
To a friend in a distant land, 
The Spirit said, " Write," but then you had 
Some different work, and you thought 
It mattered little. You did not know 
'Twould have saved a soul from sin and 
woe — 
You were out of touch with your Lord. 

Only a song, yes, only a song, 

That the Spirit said, " Sing tonight." 
Thy voice is thy Master's by purchased 
But you thought, mid this motley throng, 
I care not to sing of the city of God; 
And the heart that your words might have 
reached grew cold — 
You were out of touch with your Lord. 

Only a day, yes, only a day, 

But oh! can you guess, my friend. 
Where the influence reached and where it 
will end 
Of the hours that you frittered away? 
The Master's command is "Abide in me," 
And fruitless and vain will your service be, 
If out of touch with your Lord. 

— Selected. 


The Missionary Visitor 



When the Moon Got Into Trouble 

V. Grace Clapper 

ON the evening of Oct. 27 there arose 
suddenly a conglomeration of 
noises from the direction of the 
street below us, and since noises are com- 
mon in China, we at first paid little atten- 
tion to it, supposing it to be the opening 
of a theatrical performance or some special 
act of worship. Many days and seasons 
have a special significance to the Chinese 
and must be celebrated in some fashion or 
other, but this bellowing, beating, shoot- 
ing and ringing of bells continued, increas- 
ing in volume and intensity with each 
moment. It was impossible to keep at 
work. At this juncture there appeared a 
native helper, of whom we inquired as to 
the meaning of all this commotion. 

" Oh, they are trying to save the moon," 
he replied. "A great calamity has come 
upon it, and part of it is already gone," he 
added, in half-believing tones. The stars 
were shining brightly, the evening was 
calm and clear, and the moon, too, looked 
peaceful and serene, in spite of the fact 
that a great calamity was upon it. It con- 
tinued to decrease in size, and the noise 
and commotion on the street increased, 
so that by the space of two hours it was 
easy to imagine one's self in one of our 
large Western cities at a Fourth of'July 
celebration, or the night of the passing 
of the old year (if such were possible), at 
which an old-fashioned country serenade 
or two also contributed their share of the 
music (?). 

Finally the moon was, apparently, com- 
pletely overcome, since it was only the 
shadow of its. former self. What a calam- 
ity indeed! And then the noise increased, 
if it were possible to increase it. It seemed 
that every article capable of producing a 
sound was brought into play to help the 
moon out of its difficulty. This continued 
until late in the night, when the moon 

came out victorious and once again shed 
its radiant beams upon the sleeping earth. 
Then the people retired to their homes, 
went to their beds and slept, happy because 
they had had part in a great battle, and 
carried, off the "victor's palm." 

The Chinese words for " eclipse " is 
"yueh shih," which means "a moon-eating." 
The "sky dog" they claimed was eating 
the moon, but after a long and hard- 
fought battle the great dog was driven 
back by the noises and the shooting from 
the earth, and the moon appeared again, 
full, round and beautiful. 

When these people once learn to know 
the true God, and " consider the heavens, 
the work of his fingers, the moon and the 
stars which he has ordained," when they 
learn to honor him as Creator of the earth 
and the heavens, the Source of all law, 
then and only then will they cease to be 
alarmed at such a phenomenon, and the 
iron bands of superstition which bind them 
to earth will be burst asunder, for they 
will know that " God's in his heaven, and 
all's right with the world." 

Showyanghsien, Shansi, China. 


(Continued from Page 74) 

nauseating; the odor will disappear before 
the offering is converted into soul saving; 
and the very act of giving unto the Lord 
will be a sweet-smelling savor unto God. 

The great issue is that we forget not the 
Lord and his work in a prosperous, busy 
and evil age, when our surroundings have 
a tendency to destroy all that is good, pure 
and noble; and when souls are dying for 
the light that will help them from the dark- 
ness of sin, superstition and heathenism. 

Malmo, Sweden, Oct. 13. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Little Castaway 

Mrs. Minnie 

HE was a dear little boy who came to 
gladden the home of some poor 
Chinese people, and they were so 
happy because he was a boy. He was just 
one of the many millions of babies of this 
land born in a poor home. In the course of 
time his father and mother died, and he was 
the only one left of the family. He had 
no grandparents even to care for him. So 
an uncle, an older brother of the father 
of the little boy, took him to his home and 
gave him some care, but it was not like 
the love of his own father and mother. 
There were cousins in this new home and 
the uncle's home was poor, too, so that 
they could hardly care for the homeless 
boy. I should say this much as to the cus- 
tom in China in a case like this orphan. 
When the parents of a child die, and no 
grandparents are living, such an orphan 
falls to the lot' of an older or younger 
brother of the child's father to be cared 
for. Sometimes they are wanted and their 
lot is not so hard, but very often they are 
considered an extra burden and trouble 
and expense to the home, and their lot then 
is oppressive. So it was in the case of this 
child. He was not welcomed nor wanted. 
Often he was beaten and made to go with- 
out food for a couple of days at a time. 

Last spring, when the weather began to 
get warm, the uncle told the child he should 
leave their home and go out and beg for 
his living. Being so cruelly treated, he 
ran off, expecting never to return to his 
uncle's home. He was only nine years old 
and very small of body, especially in height, 
but he gritted his teeth and left his un- 
pleasant home with a determination. No 
more beatings for him and no more hungry 
days if he could help it; yet even hunger 
was more welcome than blows and angry 
words all the time. Running away had its 
hardships, too. At night he had to find a 
sleeping place as best he could. He dared 
not lie along the roadside and sleep wher- 
ever he pleased, for hungry dogs and wolves 
made it dangerous. So he would steal his 
night's rest in a temple or abandoned room. 
Of course he had not a cent of money, 
nor pillow, nor bedding of any kind, but his 

F. Bright 

frail body was so tired that sleep any- 
where was welcomed. He often cried be- 
cause he was hungry, and begged people 
to give him a little food. He had only seven 
miles to the big city, and he had never 
been there. Now he thought if he could 
reach it he would stand a better chance of 
being helped. But even the big city was 
not always kind to him, and he felt so lone- 


While he was feeling so sad and crying 
in one of the big streets of the city, a 
young Chinese man who helped in one of 
the missionaries' homes saw him and pitied 
him. He told the missionary lady about the 
poor boy he had found and something of his 
sad story. They requested him to bring the 
child to her home, for she, too, felt very 
sorry for him. After a while the boy was 
brought, and when the lady was called to 
see him she found a little heap of rags 

A Beggar Boy in China 


The Missionary Visitor 


and vermin huddled in a small corner of the 
yard r his face all tear-stained, and he wore 
such a sad, sad look on his face. 

The lady thought what if her own pre- 
cious boy would have to live like that! Her 
boy was not yet five years old, but as large 
as the orphan of nine years. 

A number of people had gathered in the 
yard to see the poor child, and many were 
the questions asked him as to his home, vil- 
lage, when he left home, why, etc. He al- 
ways answered frankly and had the same 
story for every one. Whenever asked if 
he would like to go back to his uncle's, he 
would answer with a determined " No." 

The missionary lady then led him to a 
room of her house and ordered hot water 
brought, and soap and towel's. She took 
the filthy rags from his body and gave him 
a nice hot soapsuds bath. He had never 
seen soap before, and it was the first bath 
of this kind he had ever had. The lady 
soaped, scrubbed and rubbed the little fel- 
low until he was shining clean. His feet 
were the worst of his whole body to clean. 
There were layers of dirt on them and they 
were left to soak in the water a long time. 
When they were clean and dry the lady put 
some sweet-smelling lotion on them, for 
they were cracked and sore from filth and 
frostbite. This made him smile and he said, 
" That smells good." He never cried dur- 
ing the whole process of bathing, nor did 
he care, and neither did the lady, that there 
were so many curious eyes and faces peer- 
ing through the window to see him have 
his bath. Street children and neighbors had 
gathered to see what was happening to the 
little fellow. And the lady did not draw the 
blinds, for she wanted them to see for 
themselves just what she was doing. Then 
they could not go away and say she was 
doing cruel things to the stranger child. 
. When his body was clean she poured 
JjCoal oil over his black hair to kill the nests 
H>f creatures that were making their abode 
there. For clean clothes the lady gathered 
some that belonged to her own little boy 
and put them on him. It was hard to get 
the clothes together about the abdomen, for 
it was dreadfully enlarged — the result of 
severe hunger at times and then at other 
times gorging his stomach with food, which 
perhaps was often of the garbage type. He 

was happy to be so clean and in fresh 
clothes, and then went out and joined the 
other children in their play. 

At evening he was put into a clean bed. 
And how soundly he slept! — for his little 
body was tired and he had had strange ex- 
periences during the day. When the lady 
could have some clothes made for him — 
clothes like all the little Chinese boys wear 
— he was fitted out and put into the mission 

The first few weeks were hard for him to 
fit into the ways of school life, and some 
of the boys would laugh at him, and he had 
other unpleasant things to bear. But after 
a few months things changed for him and 
he grew very happy. Daily he learned some 
of the blessed story as well as to sing some 
of the beautiful songs. And now he is so 
happy and so at home that nothing could 
persuade him to leave. 

Not long ago he told the lady who had 
been so kind to him, " I didn't know any- 
thing when I came to you. I didn't know 
about God and Jesus at all. I don't know 
so much yet, but I am learning all the time. 
I want to learn to read lots of books. And 
when I grow big I want to be a preacher 
for God." The lady was glad that he had 
such hopes in his heart and trusts that it 
may be so. He still does not want to re- 
turn to his uncle's home, but calls the lady's 
home his home, and the little boy's father 
his father. Nor does he wear the sad, dis- 
tressed look that he did when he came to 
the missionary's home. But he is bright and 
happy and is on the road to knowledge ard 

Ping Ting, Shansi, China, Oct. 18, 1920. 


Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Mar- 
garet Applegarth, 60c. 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Isabel M. 
Blake, 75c. 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by 
Thomas D. Whittles, 75c. 

Stories From Far Away, by Pierce and 
Northrop, $1.25. 

These books are all suggested for the 
Junior Missionary Reading Course this 
year. Order them from the Brethren 
Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. 


The Missionary Visitor 



(Continued from Page 81) 

All this falls within the scope of our 
home-mission task. For the sake of our 
own children, for the sake of our 
neighbors, for the sake of our nation and 
the world, and for the sake of our Lord, 
whose we are, we need to be up and doing. 
We need to marshal every force and power 
God has put within our reach to bring 
every life, every community and every in- 
terest in our land into touch with the heal- 
ing, cleansing, elevating, sanctifying power 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. Nor is it the 
task alone of the Home Mission Boards. 
They have their part, and it is the least we 
can do to give them gladly every dollar 
of their requested budget with a goodly 
excess for encouragement. But more than 
this, it is the privilege — I will not lower it 
to the plane of duty — it is the privilege of 
every church and of every member of the 
church to take a very definite part in this 
great forward movement for our Lord. We 
can do it by more devoted communion with 
God in private, in the family and in public 
worship. We. can do it by personal touch 
in our private life and affairs and by active 
part in the church's activities. Every church 
can reach out to some neglected community 
or individuals with helpful ministrations. 
Every one of us can be willing to do what 
we can, and to attempt some things we 
think we cannot do alone. We can do more 
to push the educational work of the church. 
More men and women are needed in this 
mighty move forward. The lagging gait of 
the church in days agone has not greatly 
appealed to many strong, ambitious young 
people. Let the church take hold of her 
task at home and abroad in the spirit and 
power of her living Lord, and she will have 
a " moral equivalent of war," and can en- 
list her strongest, her bravest and her most 
devout young men and women in her 
worthy conflict. 


(Continued from Page 78) 

At Bulsar a program was given and an 
offering of 31 rupees and 7 annas was made 
to the poor fund. Every day during the 
Christmas week, some service was held. 

It was most gratifying to know that 
many of the parents of the children attend- 
ing school at Wankel came to the Christ- 
mas exercises. Wankel is fourteen miles 
east of Bulsar and the boarding-school 
there is in its infancy. 

The Christian community at Bulsar went 
to the seacost for an outing on Monday 
after Christmas. About 350 were gathered 
there, and had an enjoyable time for the 
day. Some talked; others went in swim- 
ming; others played games, and all enjoyed 
the common meal together. Before depart- 
ing a singing meeting was held. 

Sister Lillian Grisso brought twenty of 
the older girls from the Anklesvar school 
to the seashore at Tithal during Christmas 
week. These days of outing and Bible 
study were much enjoyed by the girls. 

The Butterbaugh family spent Christmas 
at Vada, and the Shulls were at Anklesvar. 

Bro. I. S. Long and H. L. Alley attended 
a school conference at Poona. 

Dec. 6 the Prospect Point children gave 
their entertainment at Bulsar. The pro- 
gram lasted at least two hours, and about 
eighty people were in the audience. A 
front veranda of the bungalow was the 
platform and the front yard was the audi- 
ence room. Every child did her part splen- 
didly, and every one who heard their songs, 
recitations, readings and plays felt proud 
of them. 

Jan. 21 to 25 the Marathi District Meet- 
ing will be held at Dahanu. 


(Continued from Page 96) 

world to preach and teach the Gospel to 
every nation. 

May the peace and prosperity of our 
Lord be the ruler of soul and spirit, that 
the achievement of this great work may 
be a victory for the kingdom of heaven. 
That the Lord's name may be praised 
now and evermore. Amen. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



CORRECTIONS: See February Visitor: Under Aid 
Society Foreign Mission Fund, Southern Ohio, con- 
tribution of Martha Smith, $10.00 should instead 
have appeared as from Harris Creek Aid Society. 

See February Visitor: Under China Famine, North- 
ern Virginia, $3.25 contribution from Class No. 2, 
Mt. Olivet S. S., should also be noted as from Tim- 
berville Cong. 

See December Visitor: Under China Boys' School, 
contribution of G. E. Studebaker of S. E. Colo., 
$100.00 is to be applied on building of Ping Ting 
Industrial School Building for Boys. 

See February Visitor: Under China Famine; Ala- 
bama; contribution of Jacob Wine, $2.00, should in- 
stead have been as of Jacob Bashor. 

During the month of January, the Board sent out 
16.650 pages of tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during January: 

California— $31.60 

No. Dist., Indv.: Henry S. Sheller, $5; 
Sarah J. Beckner, $1; Thos. N. Beckner 
(deceased), $2.60, 8 60 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mary M. Hepner, $5; 
David Blickenstaff, $5; I. G. Gripe, $10; 

Mrs. D. C. Vaniman, $3, 23 00 

Colorado — $12.50 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: C. Fitz 2 50 

W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Susan White, 10 00 

Delaware $47 50 

Indv.: Wm." A. Hochstedler and Wife, .. 47 50 

Florida— $2.00 

Indv.: John M. Lutz 2 00 

Idaho— $8.76 

Cong.: Clearwater, $1.97; S. S.: Nampa, 

$6.29; Indv.: J. L. Thomas, 50c (M. N.) 8 76 

Illinois— $142.05 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, $2; Indv.: Jen- 
nie Ruble, $1; R. C. Long, $16.25; W. R. 
Bratten, $5; John C. Lampin, $5; Lee Boyer, 
$25; D. C. McGonigle, $2.50; S. C. Miller, $1; 
Irene S. Miller, 50c; Philip H. Graybill, 
$1.20; E. P. Trostle, $5; Wm. Wingerd, $12; 
Wm. R. Thomas, $1; Levi S. Shively, $10; 
A. L. Moats, $1.20; J. S. Flory, 50c (M. N.); 
W. E. West, $5; E. Weigle, $5; Jacob B. 
Neff, $5f Oliver D. Lahman, $30, 134 15 

So. Dist., Indv.: Frank Etmoyer, $5; Mar- 
tin Gergens, $2.90, 7 90 

Indiana— $45.10 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Daniel O. Winger, 15c; 
Geo. W. Deaton, 50c (M. N.); Frank Fisher, 
$1; John Hoover, $1.25; Enna Fair, $1; Odis 
P. Clingenpeal, $2; John H. Cupp, $2; Wal- 
ter Bolsbaugh, $5; M. E. Miller, $1; J. D. 
Rife, $1.20 15 10 

No. Dist., Indv.: Elias and Rachel Fash- 
baugh, $7.50; D. B. Hartman, $1; Melvin D. 
Neff, $10; Annetta Johnson, $2.50; I. L. Ber- 
key, $1; Enos W. Bowers, $2; Samuel E. 
Good, $1 25 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Wm. Stout, 5 00 

Iowa— $205.50 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Edwin L. West, $128; 
W. C. Kimmel, $5, 133 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Home Dept., Greene, $6; 
Indv.: Uriah S. Blough, $4; Geo. A. Lining- 
er, $12; Edward Zapf, $5; Henry C. Sheller, 
$12; T. L. Kimmel, $2; Hannah C. Messer, 
$1; Conrad Messer, $2.50; Louisa Messer, 
$2.50; Vinton Artz, 50c; Mrs. Beulah I. 
Frederickson, $20, 67 50 

So. Dist., Indv.: Elizabeth B. Albright,.. 5 00 

Kansas — $ .50 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Lena Peal, 50 

Louisiana— $3.20 

Indv.: R. M. Harris, $2; W. B. Woodard, 
$1,20 3 20 

Maryland— $113.25 

E. Dist., Indv.: I. A. Smith, 50c .(M. N.); 
Annie R. Stoner, $15; Amos Wampler, $1; 
John D. Roop, $3, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run 

W. Dist., Indv.: Elza O. Biser and Wife 

Lillie F. Biser 

Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Joseph S. Robison, 

Minnesota — $1.50 

Indv.: David F. Landis> : 

Montana— $3.85 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grand View, 

W. Dist., Indv.: Samuel S. Shilling, 

Missouri — $47.06 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Wm. H. Wagner, $2.50; 
Nannie C. Wagner, $2.50; James P. Harris 
and Wife, $10, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Zion, $20; Clara 

Miller, $10; Emma Wyland, $2.06, 

North Carolina — $5.00 

Indv.: Mattie Smawley, 

Ohio— $119.61 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chippewa, $12.38; 
Indv.: Wm. Domer and Son, $25; Sarah A. 
Dupler, $10.38; Aaron F. Shriver, $1 (M. 
N.); Mrs. Sadie Mohrman, $1; Eld. A. B. 
Horst, $10; Lester Domer, $3.25; Sister 
Stull, $5, 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: O. P. Haines, 50c; 
John R. Spacht, $15; Mrs. W. R. Freed, $2, 

S. Dist., Cong.: Middle District, $28.30; 
W. C. Teeter, $1.20; Mrs. Sarah E. Johns- 
ton, $1; W. H. Folkeith, $1.20; John H. 

Rinehart, $1.20; Eli Niswanger, $1.20, 

Oregon— $12.81 

Cong.: Portland, 

Oklahoma— $3 .20 

Indv.: Wm. P. Bosserman, $1.20; G. E. 

Wales, $2, 

Pennsylvania— $711.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Big Swatara, $79.55; Con- 
estoga, $49.25; S. S.: Ridgely, $6; Indv.: 
Nathan Martin, 50c (M. N.); Henry R. 
Gibbel, $2.40; Samuel H. Hertzler, $5; Mrs. 
R. D. Raffensperger, $2; Cassie Yoder, $1; 
S. Frances Harner, $4.80; Elizabethtown 
College, $73.03, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Leamersville, $12.16; 
Indv.: Joseph Crawford, $5; Marietta 
Brown, $3; Howard C. Long, $10; James C. 
Wineland, $1; Samuel R. Snyder, $3; T. T. 
Myers, $1.50; Galen B. Royer, $1.40; G. L. 
Wine, 50c (M. N.) ; Hannah A. Buck (de- 
ceased), $120; John Snowberger, $3; Thos. 
Hardin, $1 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $10; Cov- 
entry, $14.60; Upper Dublin, $24.93; Indv.: 
Jos. Fitzwater, $3 

So. Dist.. C. W.: Upton, $25; Indv.: J. E. 
Faukner, $1.60; M. O. Myers and Wife, $30; 
Daniel E. Brown, $10; Chas. C. Brown, $10; 
Helen Price, $2.50; Geo. Stroup, $14 

W. Dist., Cong.: Manor (A Brother and 
Sister), $5; S. S.: The God's Helpers Class, 
Rummel, $65.25; Indv.: Sallie A. Helman, 
$20; C. Walter Warstler, $1 (M. N.); I. G. 
Miller, $1.20; D. L. Miller, $6; No. 51559, 50c; 
A Friend, $2; Missionary Conferences at 
Greensburg, Uniontown, Meyersdale and 

Windber, $79.83 

South Dakota— $15.00 

Indv.: Jas. Miller 

Tennessee — $3.00 

Cong.: Knob Creek, 

Virginia— $157.92 

E. Dist., Indv.: B. F. A. Myers, $1.25; J. 
A. Kauffman, $5.40; Geo. W. Shaffer, $2; J. 
M. Garber, $1.20, 

19 50 
75 00 

18 75 

1 00 

1 50 

2 70 
1 15 

15 00 

32 06 

5 00 

68 01 
17 50 

34 10 
12 81 

3 20 

223 53 

161 56 
52 53 

93 10 

180 78 
15 00 

9 85 


The Missionary Visitor 


First Dist., Indv.: R. E. Reed, $1.20; J. B. 
Spangler, $25 26 20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Flat Rock, $15; Unity, 
$51.12: Woodstock, $10; Indv.: H. C. Early, 
50c (M. N.); Madison Kline, 50c; D. M. 
Good. $2.50; D. R. Miller, 25c; Benj. Cline. 
50c; D. S. Neff, $1.50; John H. Kline, $5; J. 
N. and Hettie E. Smith, $1; S. T. Glick, $1, 88 97 

Second Dist., Indv.: S. I. Stoner, $4.40; 

D. S. Thomas, $1; S. A. Garber. $1; J. L. 
Driver, $1; Mattie V. Caricofe, 50c; Bettie 

E. Caricofe, 50c; Jno. S. Flory. 50c (M. N.); 
Jos. R. Shipman, $1.50; D. C. Cline. $2; Jno. 
S. Flory. $1.20; Barbara A. Wampler, $1.10; 
Fannie A. Wampler, $1.10; A. B. Glick, 50c; 
Bessie V. Wampler, $1.10; Mary R. Evers. 
25c; Lucy E. Evers, 25c; N. A. Evers, $1; 
Mary S. Zimmerman, $2.50; Jane A. Zim- 
merman, $2.50; Mrs. P. J. Crann, 50c; E. G. 
Wine, 25c; S. N. Wine, $1; M. D. Hess, 25c; 

S. L. Huffman, $1.20; S. Frank Cox, 50c, .... 27 90 

So. Dist., Indv.: Emma Suithall 5 00 

West Virginia-$15.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Maple Spring (Eglon), 
$5; Indv.: Geo. S. Arnold, 50c -5 50 

Second Dist., Indv.: J. F. Ross 10 00 

Wisconsin— $ .50 

Indv.: J. E. Burkholder (M. X.) 50 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 1,943 06 

Total for the month, $ 3 652 47 

Total previously reported, 61,945 42 

Total for the year $ 65,597 89 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: R. C. Long 10 00 

Ohio— $43.69 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, $8.69; 
Junior C. W. S., Akron. $25 33 69 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Daniel Shank, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $7.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Eastville, Sugar Valley 
Cong 2 00 

VV. Dist., Indv.: Geo. L. Foster and Wife, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 60 69 

Total previously reported, 1,839 56 

Total for the year $ 1,900 25 

California— $130.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Long Beach, $25; L. B. A. 
Class, Pasadena, $35; Primary Dept., Pasa- 
dena, $50; C. W. S.: So. Los Angeles, $20, .. 130 00 
Colorado— $ .82 

W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Susan White 82 

Illinois— $34.45 

No. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Elgin. 
$33.45; Indv.: I. W. Porter and Wife, $1, .. 34 45 

Indiana— $104.25 M 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Old* Sisters' Class, Flora, 34 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Walnut, 21 25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, $35; C. W. S., 
Pyrmont, $14, 49 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk 5 00 

Kansas — $23.55 

S. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Newton City, $13.86; 

Indv.: Nellie Landis, $9.69, 23 55 

Nebraska— $2.50 

Indv.: A Sister, 2 50 

Ohio— $15.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Society: Beech Grove, .. 15 00 

Oregon — $1.95 

Cong.: Portland, 1 95 

Pennsylvania— $437.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mission Workers' Class. 
$25; Lititz, $70: C. W. S.: Indian Creek, $50, 145 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Williamsburg, $35; Aid 
Society: Koontz (Snakespring Cong.). $35; 
Everett, $25; C. W. S.: Spring Run, $10, .. 105 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Christian Endeavor So- 
ciety, Parker Ford, $35; Parker Ford, $35, 70 00 

\Y. Dist., Cong.: Manor (A Brother and 
Sister), $35; S. S.: O. A. B. Class. Purchase 
Line (Manor Cong.), $15; Pike (Mid. Creek 
Cong.), $20; Maple Glen, $17.50; Meyersdale, 

$30 117 50 

Virginia— $91.63 

First Dist., S. S. : Cloverdale (Adult La- 
dies' Bible Class) 50 00 

No. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. A. P. Harshbarger, 35 00 

Second Dist., S. S. : Elk Run 6 63 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 47 50 

Total for the month $ 894 15 

Total previously reported, 5,927 09 

Total for the year, $ 6,821 24 

Ill'nois— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Young Ladies' Class, La- 
Place 50 00 

Indiana — $187.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' Class. 
Loon Creek, $25; Excelsior Class, Hunting- 
ton City, $50 75 00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Walnut (H. E. Foust 
and Wife), $50; S. S. : Center Bees Class. 
Center, $12.50; Anchor Class, Xo. Winona, 

$50 112 50 

Iowa— $42.50 

Xo. Dist., C. W. S.: Sheldon 30 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Osceola 12 50 

Kansas— $12.50 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Servants of the Mas- 
ter Class, Larned, 12 50 

Michigan— $12.50 

Indv.: Dr. C. M. Mote and Wife 1250 

Missouri— $9.10 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Shoal Creek, 9 10 

Nebraska— $25.00 

S. S.: Beatrice 25 00 

New Mexico— $17.98 

C. W. S.: Clovis, 17 98 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. W. Dist., Band of Hope Class and Sil- 
ver Creek Christian Workers' Society, 50 00 

Oregon— $30.00 

S. S. : Newberg, $5; Aid Society: Sisters, 

Portland, $25, 30 00 

Pennsylvania — $287.50 

E. Dist., Indv.: Amanda Cassel and Rosa- 
linda Young, 50 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Helping Hand Class, 
Replogle, $25; Willing Workers' Class, 
Snake Spring, $25, 50 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Grater Missionary 
Class. Xorristown, $25; Indv.: W. P. Keim 
and Wife, $12.50 37 50 

\Y. Dist., S. S.: O. A. Bible Class, Rum- 
mel, $100; Indv.: Mrs. Annie E. Koontz, $50, 150 00 
Transferred from the Forward Movement, 42 00 

Total for the month, $ 766 58 

Total previously reported, 4,309 30 

Total for the year, $ 5,075 88 

Alabama— $11.60 

Cong.: Fruitdale, Citronelle, Mobile and 

Brewton, 1160 

California— $20.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Gleaners' Class, First 

Los Angeles.. 20 00 

Illinois— $80.00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: La Place (Okaw 

Cong.), 80 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Guardian Class, X. Win- 
ona Lake, 20 00 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Onward Circle Class, 

Sabetha, 30 00 

Maryland— $45.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Edgewood. $5; Chapel Bi- 
ble Class, Blue Ridge College, $40, 45 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon— $25.00 

C. W. S.: Myrtle Paint 25 00 

South Dakota— $12.50 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 12 50 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 10 00 

Total for the month, ■ $ 254 10 

Total previously reported, ... 2,586 65 

Total for the year $ 2,840 75 

Illinois— $1.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mary Hester, 1 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Missionary Committee 

(Reading) 10 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 16 00 

Total previously reported 194 29 

Total for the year, $ 210 29 

California— $5.00 
So. Dist., Aid Society: Covina, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Total previously reported 470 98 

Total for the year, -.$ 475.98 

Nebraska— $21.29 

S. S.: Bethel, 2129 

Oregon— $2.63 

S. S.: Portland (Birthday offering), 2 63 

Total for the month $ 23 92 

Total previously reported, 129 10 

Total for the year, $ 153 02 

Canada— $1.00 

Indv.: Ephraim Keffner, 100 

Colorado — $3.00 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Therese Lohmiller, 3 00 

Illinois— $11.50 

N. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, $1.50; Indv.: 

R. C. Long, $10, 1150 

Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: St. Joseph Valley 25 00 

Maryland— $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Welty K. Grossnickle, .. 5 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 65 50 

Total previously reported, 1,964 06 

Total for the year, $ 2,029 56 

California— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Inglewood, 15 00 

Iowa— $177.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Dallas Center .*. 37 50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Volunteer Class, Water- 
loo, $40; Winners' Class, No. Winona, $25; 

Indv.: No. 50831, $75, 140 00 

Kansas— $24.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Onward Circle Class, 
Sabetha, $9; Indv.: John A. Waters, $7.75; 

F. E. Poister and Wife, $7.75, 24 50 

Michigan— $20.05 

S. S.: Sugar Ridge 20 05 

Missouri— $57.58 

No. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, ." 57 58 

Virginia— $35.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Bible 

Class, Cloverdale 35 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 349 63 

Total previously reported, 2,274 16 

Total for the year $ 2,623 79 

Illinois — $ .50 

No. Dist., Indv.: I. W. Porter and Wife,.. 50 

Indiana — $22.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Walnut, 22 00 

Maryland — $17.50 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. S. E. Englar, 17 50 

Nebraska— $40.34 

S. S.: Bethel, 40 34 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 95 34 

Total previously reported, 520 54 

Total for the year, $ 615 88 

California— $30.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Covina, 30 00 

Illinois— $3.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: I. W. Porter and Wife, 

50c; June Newcomer, $2.50, 3 00 

Indiana— $3.60 

No. Dist.,.S. S.: Willing Workers' Class, 

No. Winona Lake, 3 60 

Oregon— $ .53 

Cong.: Portland, 53 

West Virginia— $6.00 

First Dist., S. S-: Vacation Bible School, 
Dry Fork, $4; Vacation Bible School, 

Stringtown, $2, 6 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 40 00 

Total for the month $ 83 13 

Total previously reported, 336 95 

Total for the year, $ 420 08 

California— $355.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Pasadena, $22.50; 
La Verne, $200; Pomona, $12.50; Covina, 
$31; Indv.: Bro. Frantz, $19; Bro. Snowberg- 
er, $5; Sister Rexroad, $5; Convention at 
Huntington Beach S. S., $60, 355 00 

Total for the month, $ 355 00 

Total previously reported, 2,170 13 

Total for the year, $ 2,525 13. 

Florida— $1,000.00 
Indv.: J. H. Garst, 1,000 00 

Total for the month $ 1,000 00 

Total previously reported, 1,565 38 

Total for the year, $ 2,565 38 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Long Beao^i, 25 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Society: Beech Grove 

(Chippewa), 15 00 

Pennsylvania— $25 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Hooversville, 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 65 00 

Total previously reported, 17 00 

Total for the year, $ 82 00 

Arizona — $2.00 

Indv.: Pearl Whitcher, 2 00 

Arkansas— $6.25 

First Dist., Indv.: M. A. Whitcher, 2 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Lee Fiant, 25c; W. P. 
Fiant, 50c; R. R. Fiant, $1; Ethel Hall, $1; 
Goldie Rariden, $1; Johnnie Betts and 

Mother, 50c, 4 25 

California— $3,320.53 

No. Dist., Cong.: Raisin, $145.22; Water- 
ford, $31.71; Reedley, $15; S. S.: Laton, $25; 
Young People's Class, McFarland, $10.64; 


The Missionary Visitor 


McFarland, $43.52; Patterson, $70.74; Em- 
pire, $169.02; Figarden, $52.13; J. M. May 
(McFarland), $25; Aid Society: McFarland, 
Ladies, $11; C. W. S.: Fresno, $13; Golden 
Gate, $8.43; Indv.: A Brother and Sister, 
$5; J. C. Pittenger and Wife, $25; L. A. 
Stump and Wife, $25; Two Sisters at Fres- 
no, $25; A. Bush, $20; Geo. Gerdes, $15; I. 
S. Metzger, $25; Ivy Fouts, $6.50; Mrs. M. 

S. Frantz, $7; Lura B. Pittenger, $15, 788 91 

So. Dist., Cong.: Inglewood, $5; LaVerne, 
$1,088.12; Long Beach, $12; Boyle Heights 
Mission, $275; Chinese Mission (Riverside), 
$24.50; Missionary Society (Long Beach), 
$84.20; Pasadena, $340; S. S.: Sage Union, 
$7.60; Junior Boys' Class, Long Beach, $12; 
First Los Angeles, $24; Junior Dept., La- 
Verne, $5.69; Pomona, $323.75; Missionary 
Class, Covina, $83.50; Covina, $17.87; C. W. 
S. : Boys of the Junior. LaVerne, $12; Jun- 
ior Girls of LaVerne. $6.46; LaVerne, $7.95; 
Indv.: Mrs. J. J. Beckner, $50; Grace Cripe 
Hirsch, $25; Irvin A. Nettrouer, $4; Nancy 

D. Underhill, $7; Enoch S. Skinner. S2.25; 
A Sister, $6; Mrs. B. Kindig, $23; Mrs. D. 

E. Lyon, $1; Student Volunteer Band of La- 
Verne College, $81.73, 2,53162 

Canada— $6.00 

Indv.: An Individual of Alta., 6 00 

Colorado— $268.20 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $8; Antioch, 
$9.54; Denver, $19.18; S. S. : Colo. Springs, 
$35; Aid Society: Colo. Springs, $6; Haxtun 
Sisters, $45; Indv.: Miss Orrel Frantz, $40; 
Webster and Minnie Correll, $2 164 72 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $10; S. S. : 
Cheraw, $71.48; Indv.: Jennie M. Flora, $8; 
Mrs. Therese Lohmiller, $4, 93 48 

W. Colo., Indv.: A. B. Long, $5; Mrs. H. 

M. Long, $5 10 00 

Denmark— $48.72 

Cong. : Thy, 48 72 

Florida— $435.30 

Cong.: Sebring. $5.06; Young People of 
Sebring, $37.51; S. S.: Sebring (Women's 
Bible Class), $130; Sebring (Men's Bible 
Class), $101; Alpha, $7.85; Indv.: H. Etta 
Hoke, $10; C. Cline, $8; D. E. Billman, $25; 
J. E. Young, $8; Isaac Frantz and Wife. $50; 
Wm. Bixler, $10; J. A. Miller and Wife, 
$11.60; Park Bible Class of St. Petersburg, 

$31.28 435 30 

Idaho— $66.74 

Cong.: Weiser, $5.74; S. S.: Cradle Roll 
Dept., Nampa, $3; Payette Valley, $5; Indv.: 
In memory of Lizzie Green (deceased), $3; 
Brother and Sister Sheets, $10; Clyde Alex- 
ander, $25; Willis Peterson and Wife, $10; 

J. B. Lehman, $5, 66 74 

Illinois— $1,690.93 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rock Creek, $24; Cherry 
Grove, $55.60; 1920 Birthday Offering, Dix- 
on. $11.07; Milledgeville, $43.81; Pine Creek, 
$100; Hastings Street, $1; Bethany (Chi- 
cago), $16; Rockford Cong, and S. S., $2; 
Sterling, $51.47; Hickory Grove. $8.60; S. S. : 
Beginners' Dept., Bethany (Chicago), $47; 
Mt. Morris, $66.50; West Branch, $89; Vic- 
torious Soldiers Class, Waddams Grove, 
$62.40; New Paris, $30; Waddams Grove, 
$23.87; Mt. Carroll, $10; Hegelthian Class, 
Chicago, $25; Shannon, $50; Columbia, $25; 
Franklin Grove, $25; C. W. S. : Batavia 
Junior, $1.10; Milledgeville Junior, $12; 
Indv.: B. Metzler. $6; O. E. Gibson, $5; 
Master Gareth Miller, $1; C. J. Sell, $5; J. 
T. Myers, $25; Samuel Studebaker and 
Wife, $25; Mrs. Mary Fahrney, $100; Irvin 
L. Hoke and Wife, $2; Ivan and Rachel 
Erbaugh, $3; W. R. Brattin, $10; Jos. M. 
Ely, $10; M. M. Sherrick. $5; Lizzie Sollen- 
berger, $5; Trostle P. Dick and Family, 
$1.88; Jennie Ruble, $4; I. W. Porter and 
Wife, $2; Y. W. C. A., Mt. Morris College, 
$75; Freshman Class of Franklin Grove 
High School, $10 1,075 30 

So. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $52; 
Camp Creek, $39; Champaign, $23; Astoria, 

$80.75; Geo. H. Stambaugh and Wife (Wood- 
land), $15; S. S.: Adult Sisters Class, Okaw, 
$6.19; Walnut Grove (Big Creek), $47.44; 
Decatur, $1; Aid Society: Girard, $50; Indv.: 

A. B. Gish, $5; Ezra Bowman, $10; Joseph 
Etter, $5; Mrs. N. E. Lilligh, $10; Mrs. N. 

B. Hersch. $7; Eliza Renner, $6; J. L. 
Blickenstaff, $10; Mary E. Clower, $5; El- 
mer M. Hersch and Wife, $5; Henry Wer- 
ner, $20; J. J. Winger and Wife. $30; John 
and Kate Swortz, $20; Mrs. Marguerite 
Landon, $128; T. A. Robinson and Wife, $2; 
Delia M. Blough, $11.25; E. S. Brothers, $5; 
Mrs. J. H. Brubaker, $2; Mrs. A. B. Gibbel, 

$10; Thos. J. Rench, $10, 615 63 

Indiana— $3,479.08 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Salamonie, $39.58; Mar- 
kle, $43.90; West Eel River, $20; Bachelor 
Run, $11.86; Beaver Creek, $9.41; Loon 
Creek, $31.31; Santa Fe. $20.50; Pipe Creek, 
$10; A Brother and Sister (Mexico), $15; 
A Sister (Roann), $5.50; S. S. : Class 7A, 
Salamonie, $9.29; Primary Dept., Salamonie, 
$25; Maple Corner (Prairie Creek), $26.25; 
Mexico. $46; Union Class, Pipe Creek, 
$10.15; Delphi, $55; Loyal Daughters' Class, 
Loon Creek, $13; Willing Workers, Loon 
Creek, $46.86; Plunge Creek Chapel, $46; 
West Manchester, $264; Roann, $100; Good 
Cheer Girls. North Manchester College, 
$32.30; Aid Societies: Mexico Dorcas, $25; 
West Eel River, $30; Loon Creek, $25; No. 
Manchester, $30; C. W. S.: West Eel River, 
$31.78; Indv.: A Sister, $10; Wm. J. Tinkle, 
$5; John Rohrer, $20; Orville S. Harris, 
$5; David C. Wolf. $20; Levi Zumbrum, 
$12; J. A. Miller, $25; Emma Hamilton. $5; 
A. R. Bridge and Wife, $10; G. O. Bridge, 
$2; Robert Ross. $5; A Widowed Sister, $2; 
Mrs. W. D. Ott, $4; Lavina Brower, $1; 
Josephine Hanna. $7.50; No. 52104, $25; Mrs. 
Nettie Fisher, $10; Lewis Huffman, $5; 
Daniel O. Winger, 42c 1,216 61 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Salem, $33.42; 
Bethany. $143; Shipshewana, $5; Yellow 
Creek. $91.79; Blue River, $21.50; Baugo, 
$100; Oak Grove, $2; Walnut, $22.50; Pine 
Creek, $165.59; Elizabeth Hay (No. Liber- 
ty), $50; H. E. Foust and Wife (Walnut), 
$10; S. S.: Cedar Lake, $4.75; Primary Class, 
Cedar Lake, $5.25; Intermediate Class, 
English Prairie. $10; Class No. 4, Solomon 
Creek, $4.01; Wawaka, $7.65; Wakarusa, 
$14.60; Tippecanoe, $26.34; Auburn. $13.27; 
Class No. 2. English Prairie, $6; Union Cen- 
tral, $130.50; Union, $43.61; Solomon Creek, 
$25; Oregon, $17.64; Elkhart Valley, $105; 
Aid Societies: Walnut, $50; Wawaka Sis- 
ters, $25; Solomon Creek. $10; North Lib- 
erty, $10; Bethany. $25; Goshen City, $25; 
Indv.: Miss Dora Eldridge. $5; Mrs. Edwin 
Steele, $6; Earl Ulrey and Wife, $20; Mrs. 
Amanda Hoover, $10; Thomas Cripe, $10; 
Mary Lammedee, $2; Leland Carpenter and 
Wife, $5; Jos. B. Wise, $5; Chas. Eaton and 
Wife, $5; A Friend, $10; Abraham Huns- 
berger, $5; Permelia Greenwood, $17; David 
J. Miller. $2; Gladie S. Miller, $5; W. U. 
Miller, $5; Mrs. Rolla Clark. $12; Magdaline 
Moyer, $5; Mrs. Alex Miller, $1; Sister 
Roseltha Whitmer, $20; Florence E. Miller, 
$2 1.355 42 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nettle Creek, $133.60; 
Katy Hoover. $5; Isaiah Teeter, $5; H. H. 
Johnsonbaugh and Wife, $60: Martha Teet- 
er, $50; L. W. Teeter. $50; Oscar Werking, 
$25; Hannah Garrett. $25; Frank Shock. $10; 
Sarah J. Wisehart, $10; Luther C. Wisehart. 
$10; Abraham Bowman, $8; David Lannerd 
and Family. $140; John D. Hoover, $25; 
Marv A. Allen. $1; M. M. Hoover, $1; Benj. 
F. Hawkins. $20; Sarah J. Rinehart, $5; 
Howard D. Brennaman. $10 (Nettle Creek); 
A Sister (Rossville), $15; A Brother (Buck 
Creek). $5; S. S. : Mrs. Howard Martin's 
Class, Summitville, $12; Maple Grove, $1; 
Junior Class, Howard, $20; Anderson, $52; 
Little Sunbeams Class. Anderson, $2.80; In- 
termediate Class. Buck Creek, $6.15; Indian- 
apolis, $5.25; Aid Societies: Buck Creek, 

92 The Missionary Visitor *Jarch 


$50; Union Grove, $30; Brick (Nettle Creek), Family, $6; D. E. Bowman, $50; Nellie Mc- 

$25; Locust Grove (Nettle Creek), $25; C Carty, $5, 120 24 

W. S..: Brick, $8.40; Indv.: Jas. A. and J. Kentucky— $10.50 

I* ? y £ r * & 5A0; Mr JV C n An ^ M - Moore 4 $ ? ; Indv.: Owen Barnhart and Wife, $3; E. F. 

S ar U T ^ ^°° Ve l'J 2 ^\¥- ag ^t- A -v C ^' ^ed and Wife, $1; Mrs. Linda Martin, 

f 5; % n C \ C u am & he Su $6; M *i S J?*?* 3 E 'tP° ' $1-50; M. E. Ralston, $5, 10 50 

ler, $10; John H. Thomas, $1; Rebecca Kief- , .' . 

faber, $2; O. H. Long and Wife, $10; A Louisiana-$25.00 

Brother, $9.25, 907 05 Indv.: John and Lucy Metzger 25 00 

Iowa— $844.96 • Maryland— $1,070.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $5; Gar- E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $27.05; Pipe 
rison, $35; Muscatine, $21; Des Moines Val- Creek, $78; Washington City, $145.37; Den- 
ley, $16.70; Mission Study Class (Cedar ton, $53.33; S. S.: Primary Dept., Fulton 
Rapids), $11.82; S. S.: No. 8 Class, Dallas Ave., Baltimore, $7.35; Young Men's Bible 
Center, $33.25; Panther Creek, $71.25; Victor Class, Westminster, $10; C. W. S.: West- 
Class, Des Moines Valley, $5; Beaver, minster, $10; Indv.: A Brother and Sister, 
$18.62; Fernald, $10; Helping Hand Class, $25; Mrs. Nellie Swope, $5; Chas. F. Miller 
Cedar Rapids, $11; Busy Bees Class, Cedar and Wife, $25; Lydia A. Trostle, $10; W. B. 
Rapids, $3.19; Sunbeams Class, Cedar Rap- Yount and Wife, $100; Mrs. Mollie Sigler, 
ids. $1.62; Buds of Promise, Cedar Rapids, $3; Mrs. A. L. Ausherman, $5; Mrs. Stella 
$2.77; Aid Societies: Muscatine, $20; Yale M. Martin, $5; Mrs. C. A. Bowman, $10; 
Sister, $20; Dallas Center Sisters, $25; Yale "One who has suffered and knows what it 

(Coon River), '$10; Indv.: A. E. and M. E. is to be hungry," $12; A Sister, $5, 536 10 

West, $5; C. Z. Rietz, $5; Mrs. Oscar Doty, Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $98.60; 

$12; Ethel Doty Graham, $10; Mrs. H. L. Hagerstown, $100; S. S.: Willing Workers' 

Messamer, $10; J. B. Sensenbaugh, $2; Q ass< peasant View, $27; Pleasant View, 

Lloyd Connell, $10; R. A. Montz, $25; Mrs. $ 30; Longmeadow, $62; Union, $26.07; Aid 

Sarah Pike, $5; O. C. Nichols, $5; Emma Society: Pleasant View, $30; C. W. S.: Mau- 

Bock, $10; Elbert McGreen, $12, 432 22 gansville, $37.14; Indv.: Grafton Downs, $10; 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $15; So. Wa- A Brother, $10; Sister A. L. Ausherman, 

terloo, $25; City Church, So. Waterloo, $50, 480 81 

$33.25; S. S: Sheldon $32.55; Aid Society: w DIst Indv . : Elza a Biser and Wif 

Kingsley, $50; Indv.: H. E. Shier, $5; Mary LilHe R B1 $18 75 c c Beachy and 

D. Welty, $1; Lizzie Hoffer, $15; Mrs. El- Wif $2S . Chas . %. B ' aker> $10> * 53 75 

bert Seidel, $5; Clarence S. McLane, $10; __ ' . . ' M ,_ 

Freeman Merrill, $5; Mrs. J. S. Mummert, Massachusetts-$2.15 

$10; Martha L. Klein, $25; Mrs. Anna Klein,,, , Indv.: T. M. West, 2 15 

$25, , 256 80 Michigan— $251.39 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, $30.68; Cong.: Beaverton, $5; Woodland, $10; 

Monroe, $6.90; A Sister and Friend (Eng- Battle Creek, $12.58; Sunfield, $13.25; Lake 

lish River), $5; Susanna Brown and Daugh- View, $20; Shepherd, $52; Pontiac Mission, 

ters (South Keokuk), $25; S. S. : Mt. Etna, $6.25; S. S. : Birthday Offering, Shepherd, 

$24.48; Monroe, $12.25; Council Bluffs, $16.13; $10.11; Hart, $20.83; Primary Dept., Shep- 

C. W. S.: Franklin, $17; Indv.: Wilbur L. herd, $33.32; Durand Mission, $15; Sugar 

Og'den, $10; D. E. Rodabaugh, $5; L. E. and Ridge, $8.80; Indv.: Samuel White, $10; Mrs. 

E. E. Buzzard, $3.50, 155 94 Martha Bratt, $1; Archie VanDyke and 

Kansas $1 660 20 Wife, $2; Hannah Crowel, $2; Mrs. Sylvia 

N. E. Dist.,' Cong.: Olathe, $24.25; Over- UJery $25; Elias Wallick (adrar.), $2.50; 

brook, $5; Washington, $8; Lawrence, Clarel Somsel, $1.75, 251 39 

$25.10; Washington Creek, $46; Sabetha, $5; Minnesota— $185.15 

Central Ave., Kansas City, ^67; Topeka, Cong.: Morrill, $25.71; Worthington, 

$25; Navarre Church and S. S. of Abilene $58.65; Root River, $40; S. S.: Minneapolis, 

Cong., $42.30; S. S.: Navarre (Abilene), $12.29; Hancock, $6.35; Monticello, $20; 

$7.60; Washington, $28.24; Overbrook, $30; Indv.: W. S. Ramer, $10; C. J. Fox, $5; E. 

Washington Creek, $50; Ottawa, $42.98; E. Williams, $5; Albert Miller, $2.15, . 185 15 

Overbrook, $20.35; Morrill, $358.84; Aid So- M?«„,„-,- wot a* 

cieties: Ozawkie, $2; Washington Dorcas, M *f-?° ur £7 *f 3A ° „ , „ . &VI 

$10; C. W. S.: Overbrook Junior, $3.25; Na- w Mld - ^ist., Cong.: Turkey Creek $27; 

varre (Abilene), $23.60; Indv.: Dr. H. R. Warrensburg, $15; Mineral Creek, $40; S. 

Tice, $25; John Fishburn, $3; Walter Kim- S- : Adna n $16 05; South Warrensburg, 

mel and Wife, $15; D. S. Strole and Wife, gl.40; Adult Sisters Class Mineral Creek, 

$15; Roy Kistner, $15; H. D. Bowman, $15; | 14 -Q 3 ; A * d So < S, 1 | tl ?#. : S< \ ^ arr , e n « S £ Ur T g ' J 5 '' 

Mrs. Minerva Manchley, $10; Minnie Man- . S^S^JvPV w"?™?*?* ' $ ' ' *u « 

chley, $10; C. W. Shoemaker and Wife, $50; N °; 51 ^?, $15; J. W Long $2, .......... 204 48 

Mrs. Lydia Kimmel, $20; Mabel Marker, . N °- , D i s *- c C g ng ;; ^i" Va £ S^V^** 

$3; Wm Weybright and Wife, $10; Ardell kenda), $2; S. S : No. St. Joseph, $25; Indv.: 

Ward, 50c; L. R Hardy, $6.03; Emma A. J '<i\ R ?? e ?' £\"ii'«T''l ?? 22 

Miller, $5, 1,02704 |. E. Dist., S S.: Broadwater, ••••••••••. 1200 

c \KT -n- * n n c ■ <m S - W - Di st., Indv.: J. R. Goss, $10; Clara 

^ S - J W -^P lst -i P C ° ng - : . Conway Sprin gs$i; Miller, $15; C. W. Gitt, $15, 40 00 

Garden City, $5; Monitor, $17; Prairie View, .. ^ I M M 

$6.28; W. Wichita, $7; Larned City, $31.44; Montana-$58.63 

S. S.: Salem, $50; Primary Dept., Monitor, E. Dist., Cong.: Seips, $12; S. S.: Floren- 

$34; Aid Societies: Conway (Monitor), $100; dale. $3; Milk River Valley, $16, 31 00 

Bloom Sisters, $18; Indv.: Mrs. B. F. Car- W^.P 1 ?*" Indv.: Mary E. Harp, $2.63; E. 

ter, $5; J. W. Wampler, $50; Mrs. A. Chris- H - Billsborough, $5; In memory of James 

tensen and Mrs. L. E. Folger, $10; Mrs. A. E. Stauffer, $20, 27 63 

C. Weiser, $3; Mrs. Mary E. Morelock and Nebraska— $499.36 

Mary G. Morelock, $2; A Brother and Sis- Cong.: Afton, $57; Bethel, $37.79; Falls 

ter, $2; James Brandt, $10; Mrs. S. E. Mc- City, $31; S. S.: Bethel, $85; Kearney, $1; 

Gonigle, $10; John D. Duggins, $3; Katie So. Beatrice, $6.07; Beatrice, $25; Mrs. Mary 

Yost, $1; Y. M. C. A., McPherson College, a. Stauffer, $5; E. E. Flory and Wife, $200; 

$75.50. •••;•••••• ....v.. 44122 A Sister, $5; Mavale Public Schools, $46.50, 499 36 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Paint Creek. $6.70; S. - kt iv/r • cico oa 

S.: Madison, $25; Mont Ida, $20; Indv.: N rv„5?f X M,w d?n^ <; 5.rW!, *i?«7. 

Mrs. M. Ruthrauff, $10; Addie A. Pattison, T Cong.: Miami, $32,02; S. S Cloyis, $12.87, 
*.ia 7i 7n Indv.: Samuel Weimer and Wife, $5; A 

N. W.'bik'Ccong.V Maple* Grove, * $39".24J Brother, $10; Ira Shively, $100 159 89 

Belleville, $5; Indv.: G. W. Bishop, $10; L. New York— $91.68 

W. Fitzwatcr, $5; A. T. Wertenberger and E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, 9168 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Carolina— $189.00 

S. S.: Winston-Salem, $123; Indv.: No. 
50724, $20; J. T. Bundy. $4; A. C. Riely, 
$25; Emma Hardy, $1; Dr. I. W. Bradshaw 
and Wife, $5; Mrs. Xancy Bradshaw, $1; 
Burine Bradshaw, $1; M. E. Bradshaw and 
Wife, $5; Mrs. Anna Mae Whitson, $2; I. B. 

Bailey, $1; J. D. Bradshaw, $1, 189 00 

North Dakota— $119.62 

Cong.: Kenmare, $7.25; S. S. : Willow 
Grove. $7; New Rockford, $22.37; Indv.: 
Nels Kopanger, $5; J. M. Deeter and Wife, 
$10; A. O. Deeter and Wife, $5; Emma J. H. 
VanDyke, $5; Sylvan Steman, $13; L. A. 
I.undgren and Wife, $5; Alfred Kreps and 

Wife. $40 119 62 

Ohio— $3,931.07 

Cong.: Baltic, $250; Bro. Ebert and Wife 
(Akron), $4; Bethel, $43.74; Chippewa (East 
House), $17.75; Canton Center, $23.85; Mo- 
hican, $25.66; Woodworth. $29; Kent. $10; 
Danville, $12; Chippewa, $9; Susan Findley 
(Black River), $1; Sister Stull (Akron), 
$5; Member (Canton Center), $10; A Broth- 
er and Sister (Black River). $50; S. S. : Jen- 
nie Border's Class, New Philadelphia, $2.25; 
East Nemishillen, $192.16; Young Ladies' 
Bible Class, Akron, $29; Primary Class, 
Canton Center, $8; Good Samaritan Class, 
Chippewa (East House), $2; Beech Grove 
(Chippewa), $64; Baker, $18.40; Freeburg, 
$129.21; Sugar Creek Union, $35; Hartville 
and Cong., $150.68; Goshen, $74.72; Aid So- 
cieties: New Philadelphia, $10; Baltic, $50; 
Maple Grove, $40; Chippewa, $21; Spring- 
field Sister, $40; Owl Creek Sisters, $50; 
Black River, $75; C. W. S. : Chippewa (East 
House), $7; Akron Junior. $10; New Phila- 
delphia, $10.80; Indv.: Marie Zellner, $1; 
Mrs. Frank Leatherman, $12; Henry and 
Lavina Rohrer, $10; Irena Kurtz. $10; A 
Friend, $6; A Brother and Sister, $10; Mrs. 
J. Summers, $10; Louisa Burkhart, $8; Her- 
man F. Shoemaker, $10; J. Donald Hana- 
walt, $10; Nellie F. Stroup, $10; W. W. 
Stroup and W T ife, $15; Ruth Beltz. $11.50; 
Mrs. L. S. Wertz, $5; Mrs. C. G. Kreider, 
$5; W. D. Snyder, $10; Unknown donor, 
$15; Unknown donor, $2; J. J. Snyder, $25; 
E. F., $10; Martha J. S. Loomis, $5; Beard 

School (J. I. Byler, teacher^, $11.20, 1,722 92 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Deshler. $59.50; 
Logan, $37.43; Bellefontaine, $18.75; East 
Part of Greenspring, $118; Sugar Creek, 
$40; Pleasant View, $147.32; Fostoria, $26; 
Emma Kyser (Lick Creek), $10; S. S. : 
Blanchard, $59.69; Class No. 7, Pleasant 
View, $7; A Brother, Pleasant View, $5.46; 
Poplar Ridge, $9.47; Deshler, $35; Perse- 
verance Band, Greenspring, $69.56; Indv.: 
No. 52073, $10; John Sponseller and Wife, 
$50; Sarah Smith, $5; E. H. Rosenberger, 
$4; Geo. L. Snider, $50; Mabel Snavely, 50c; 

N. R. Freed and Family, $25, 777 68 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ft. McKinley, $44.09; W. 
Dayton, $145; Poplar Grove, $64.13; Lower 
Stillwater, $20; Middle Dist., $58.55; Coving- 
ton, $104.29; Loramie and S. S., $72; Bear 
Creek, $19.50; Lower Miami, $28; Eversole, 
$34; A Brother (Harris Creek), $5; S. S. : 
Castine (Prices Creek), $120; Palestine. $24; 
Potsdam, $5; The Busy Workers' Class, 
Pitsburg, $13.55; Lower Stillwater. $100; 
Helping Hand Class, Pleasant Valley, $10; 
Circleville, $9.54; Poplar Grove, $29.25; W. 
Charleston, $61.71; Red River (Painter 
Creek), $10.40; Willing Workers' Class, 
Eaton, $13.21; Primary and Junior Dept., 
W. Branch, $1.90; Aid Societies: Union City 
Sisters, Country, $10; New Carlisle. $15; 
Springfield, $5; Trot wood, $30; Pleasant 
Hill, $100; C. W. S.: Pitsburg, $86.35; Indv.: 
J. Franklin Brubaker and Wife. $10; S. and 
S., $60; A Sister, $3; Erna Hissong. $5; 
Katie Flory, $10; A. B. and Elizabeth Mil- 
ler, $10; Two Sisters, $2; Two Sisters, $10; 
Nettie L. Siefer, $6; Mrs. D. E. Hoover, 
$25; R. A. Miller and Wife, $25; Ellen E. 
Roughnecht. $5; Jos-ph H. Plunket and 
Wife, $10; Minnie Hollinger, $10, 1,430 47 

Oklahoma— $156.89 

Cong.: Prairie Lake, $40; Okla. City, $8.51; 
S. S. : Never Fail Boys' Class, Thomas, $25; 
Paradise Prairie, $15.38; Aid Society: Guth- 
rie, $25; Indv.: Mrs. Harvey Shirk, $3; I. 
S. Merkey, $10; Mrs. Susie Long, $5; Jos. 

Nill and Wife, $25, 156 89 

Oregon— $179.07 

Cong.: Brandon, $37; Mabel, $10; Albany, 
$15.44; Ashland, $16.82; Myrtle Point, $17.75; 
S. S.: Grants Pass, $12; Newberg, $22.63; 
Ashland, $13.43; Young People's Class, Ash- 
land, $8; Aid Society: Portland Sisters, 

$20; Indv.: J. H. Bowers and Wife, $6 179 07 

Pennsylvania— $11,294.03 

E. Dist., Cong.: County Line House 
(Indian Creek), $5; Akron. $37.27; East 
Fairview, $101.16; Chiques, $324.68; Ridgely, 
$164.40; Mechanic Grove, $13; Harrisburg, 
$205; Schuylkill, $44.30; Elizabethtown, 
$248.61; Mingo, $58.44; Peach Blossom, 
$121.76; Quakertown (Springfield), $26.70; 
Missionary Committee (Reading), $6; Cash 
(Lititz), $15; An Individual (Conewago), 
$10; Two Sisters (Ephrata>, $10; Eld. J. G. 
Reber (Maiden Creek), $50; Samuel K. Wen- 
ger (Midway), $20; Myer J. Gibble (Mid- 
way), $20; Anna and Dorothy Eberly (Eph- 
rata), $5; S. S.: Gleaners' Bible Class, 
Lancaster, $15; Willing Workers' Class, 
Ridgely, $10; Lansdale (Hatfield), $95; Sis- 
ter Mary Spitler's Class, Reading, $1; Read- 
ing, $26.51; Springfield. $32.89; Elizabeth- 
town, $17.90; Newville (Elizabethtown), 
$11.05; Hatfield, $164.32; Bareville, $70; Em- 
ma Hildebrand's Class, Ephrata, $24; Lake 
Ridge, $14.22; C. W. S.: Elizabethtown, 
$50; Indv.: Susan Stoudt, $5; Brethren 
Home, $47, 2,070 21 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: First Altoona Church 
and S. S., $11.50; Spring Run, $44; Artemas, 
$28; Everett, $82.27; Altoona and S. S., 
$423.05; Juniata Park. $39.36; Snake Spring, 
$3.43; Joseph E. Snyder and Wife (Snake 
Spring), $3; Sister Howard Rose (Dunnings » 

Creek), $1; S. S. : Koontz (Snake Spring), 
$26.74; Teacher Training Class (Spring 
Run\ $5; Spring Run, $15; Huntingdon, 
$244.50; Carson Valley, $26.63; Ardenheim, 
$19.57; New Enterprise. $136.49; Willing 
Workers' Bible Class. Curryville (Wood- 
bury), $10; Smithfield, $20.01; Children's 
Dept., Fairview, $4.70; Aid Societies: Lost 
Creek, $10; Everett, $55; Koontz (Snake 
Spring), $2; C. W. S. : Lewistown, $20; 
Indv.: Edward Hardin, Wife and Daughter, 
$5; D. H. Steele, $5; Rev. H. B. Heisey, $5; 
Albert Steinberger, $1; Mrs. Nancy Detwil- 
er, $20; Geo. White and Family, $11; Esther 
Huyer, $10; M. L. Ritchey, $2; Mrs. Hannah 
Puderbaugh, $5; Joseph Crawford. $5; Y. W. 
C. A., Juniata College, $100; Mt. Hope Pub- 
lic School (Spring Run), $4.25; Morrison's 
Cove Home, $16, 1,425 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Shippensburg. $30; York, 
$3; Falling Spring, $5; Mechanicsburg, 
$58.60; Boiling Springs, $2.69; Baker's, $28.63; 
Upper Conewago, $21.65; Codorus, $50.40; 
Mt. Olivet, $35; Lower Conewago. $24; Geo. 
Stroup (Lost Creek), $5; Mary M. Carney 
(deceased), (Lost Creek), $5; Isaac S. Mil- 
ler and Wife (Upper Conewago), $100; Sister 
"H" (Falling Spring), $20; S. S.: Pleasant 
Hill, $40; Waynesboro, $400; Always Willing 
Class, Waynesboro, $501; Bethel Bible 
Class, First Church of York, $56.50; Mech- 
anicsburg, $30; Willing Workers' Class, 
Mechanicsburg, $6; Helping Hand Class, 
Mechanicsburg, $4.50; David Mohler's Class, 
Mechanicsburg, $6; Free Spring. $13.14; Mt. 
Fairview Union (Mt. Olivet). $1225; Victor 
Class, Carlisle, $10; Brandtes (Back Creeks 
$124.36; Aid Society: First Church of York- 
Ladies, $30; C. W. S. : Mechanicsburg. $5; 
Indv.: Unknown donor, $2; Alice M. Win- 
and, $5; Jeremiah Geiman. S18; Unknown 
donor, $1 ; J. A. Long and Wife, $20; No. 
51837, $105; J. R. Davis, $15; Calvin A. Le- 
fever and Wife, $50; Clayton K. Miller, $50; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Otelia Sherfey Hereter, $5; Harvey C. Wit- 
ter, $50; Esta M. Cover, $12; Paul Hershey, 
$10; A. S. Hershey, $10; Elizabeth H. Wil- 
liams, $10; Arthur Myers, $10; Mrs. Martha 
F. Hillinger, $1; James McLaiii, $6; Mrs. 
Solomon Bashore, $5; Unknown donor, $6; 
Sarah Galley, $2; J. W. Galley, $25; H. B. , 
Winey and Wife, $35 [ 2,080 72 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $116; 
Myra Miller (Coventry), $6; Norristown, 
$21.91; Calvary Mission, $25; Junior Sewing 
Circle and Needle Guild (Amwell), $5; S. 
S.: Norristown, $113.54; Green Tree, $156.35; 
Coventry, $173.47; Ladies Bible Class, Geiger 
Memorial, $9; Aid Society: Upper Dublin, 
$10; Indv.: J. A. Seese, Wife and two chil- 
dren, $6; Mrs. Kate Smith, $12; A Sister, 
$5; A Sister, $8; Esther Swigart's Civics 
Class of Miss Say ward's School, Phila., $94, 761 27 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy Church (Mt. 
Pleasant), $138.30; Ten Mile, $49.21; Plum- 
creek, $53; E. G. Hetrick and Wife (Red- 
bank), $10; Middle Creek, $30; Jacobs Creek, 
$5; Shade Creek, $5; Summit Mills, $30.65; 
Rummel, $42.60; Johnstown, $464.80; Indian 
Creek (County Line), $17.50; Maple Glenn, 
$120.60; Garrett, $8.57; Hooversville (Que- 
mahoning), $40; Ligonier, $87.44; Birdville 
Mission, $25; Friendly Bible Class, Broth- 
ersvalley, $18; A Brother and Sister 
(Manor), $15; A Brother and Sister (Manor), 
$45; A Brother and Sister (Rockton), $10; 
J. E. Lensbouer (Brothersvalley\ $2; Har- 
riet Reed (Mt. Union), $25; Mrs. C. A. 
Walker (Manor), $10; S. S.: Rayman 
(Brothersvalley), $90.80; Maple Grove 
(Johnstown), $14; Maple Springs, $237; 
Bethel (Rockton), ' $4.90; Primary Class, 
Rummel, $21.70; Beginners' Class, Rummel, 
$6; Junior Girls Class, Rummel, $12.25; Jun- 
ior Boys Class, Rummel, $15; Willing 
Worker's Class, Pike (Brothersvalley), 
$18.62; Moxham, $60; Connellsville, $11.56; 
Ladies' Organized Bible Class, Redbank, 
$1.50; Young Men's or Quinter Class, Red- 
bank, $5.16; Loyal Sons' Bible Class, Red- 
bank, $3; Primary Class, Berkey (Shade 
Creek), $10; Aid Societies: Maple Grove 
(Johnstown). $15; Connellsville Sisters, $40; 
Middle Creek Ladies, $25; Scalp Level, $25; 
Maple Springs Sisters, $25; Moxham, $50; 
C. W. S.: Connellsville, $12; Indv.: Vella 
M. Calhoun, $1; John W. DeBolt, $100; A 
Sister, $5; Joseph Ferguson. $5; Miles Ham- 
ilton, $5; A Friend, $10; Mrs. Fred Ross, 
$10; Robt. J. Hevener, $5; Ira J. Mason, 
$2,636.51; I. M. Schrock and Wife, $30; J. G. 
Hager, $5; No. 51669, $5; Mahlon Holsopple, 
$10; A Sister, $5; A Sister and Family, $2; 
Elmer Walker, $10; A very poor widow, 
$3.66; A. S. Hoffman and Wife, $100; Mellie 
Fox, $5; Annie Ribblett, $1; David C. Rib- 
blett, $5; Robt. J. Hevener, $5; Lucy A. 
Mauzy, $6; W. A. Allison and Wife, $10; 

Sallie A. Helman, $20, 4,956 33 

South Dakota— $105.50 

Cong.: Willow Creek, $45.50; S. S.: Willow 
Creek, $40; Aid Society: Willow Creek, $10; 

Indv.: Mrs. A. B. Levea, $10, 105 50 

Tennessee— $140.20 

Cong.: New Hope* $35.20; Knob Creek. $50; 
W. C. Young and Wife (Pleasant View), 
$5; S. S.: Boon's Creek, $18; Indv.: F. H. 
Sizemore, $10; Joseph Tate, $1; D. P. Sher- 
fey and Wife, $8; Mrs. Maggie Satterfield, 

$13 140 20 

Texas— $900 

Indv.: Mrs. D. J. Gross. $2; D. B. Stump, 

$5; Mrs. Mary Hanna, $2, 9 00 

Virginia— $3,568.93 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $183.60; Holly- 
wood, $22.92; Valley, $25; Oronoco, $6; Rich- 
mond Mission, $11.25; S. S.: Hollywood, 
$12.08; Mine Run, $4; Valley, $50; Ever- 
green, $20.40; Aid Society: Valley, $5; C. 
W. S.: Valley, $10; Indv.: A Brother and 
Children, $10; L. P. Maphis, $6; S. C. Har- 
ley and Wife, $10; Sister Frick, $5; A. E. 
Fakoner and Wife, $15; C. D. Gilbert, $5; 

1,117 23 

No. 51048, $32.25; H. L. and Mollie Yeager, 
$11; B. F. A. Myers, $10; Ella L. Myers, 
$25; J. A. Kauffman, $2, : 481 50 

First Dist., Cong.: Chestnut Grove, $10; 
Peters Creek, $147.71; Saunders Grove, $5; 
Friends and Copper Hill, $18; Troutville, 
$303.06; Selma, $56.06; Crab Orchard, $12.33; 
Kate Graybill (Troutville), $15; S. S.: Pleas- 
ant View (Chestnut Grove), $63.43; Beth- 
esda, $2; Copper Hill, $2; Bonsack (Clover- 
dale), $140.52; Indv.: Mrs. E. D. Kennett, 
$1; J. S. Zigler, $100; S. H. Snuffer, $10; 
H. N. Whitten, $4; R. E. Reed, $10 900 11 

No. Dist., Cong.: Timberville, $112.60; 
Mill Creek, $50; Fair View (Greenmount), 
$17.45; Flat Rock, $96; Pine Grove (Green- 
mount), $8.50; Mt. Zion (Greenmount), $9.65; 
Round Hill (Woodstock), $19.90; Harrison- 
burg, $179.65; Cedar Run Church and S. S. 
(Linville Creek), $15.50; Rileyville (Mt. 
Zion), $20; Woodstock. $6; Adult Bible 
Class, New Port (Mt. Zion), $24.68; Individ- 
uals (Mill Creek), $18; S. S.: Cedar Grove, 
$26.39; Organized Classes, Timberville, 
$76.96; Timberville, $75; Class No. 3, Green- 
mount, $12.94; Class No. 5, Greenmount, 
$9.23; Class No. 7, Greenmount, $16.70; Class 
No. 6, Greenmount, $15.80; Flat Rock, $10; 
Character Builders' Class, Pine Grove 
(Greenmount), $14.50; Mt. Pleasant, $26; Ida 
Grove, $12; Valley Pike (Woodstock), 
$106.28; Aid Society: Mt. Zion Sisters 
(Greenmount), $5; Indv.: J. O. Wakeman, 
$5; Francis Wakeman, $50; C. H. Wakeman, 
$5.50; Mrs. R. C. Broyles, $30; Hannah and 
Sarah Thomas, $5; Maggie E. Gockenour, 
$10; J. P. Strole and Wife, $10; Anna R. 
Roller, $1; No. 50808, $10; Mary Smith, $6, 

Second Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, 
$364.14; Barren Ridge, $18.05; Bridgewater, 
$50.88; Moscow (Elk Run), $45; Montabello, 
$9; S. S.: Mt. Vernon, $9; Class No. 7, 
Pleasant Valley, $11.62; Mothers' Class, 
Summit, $30; Aid Societies: Pleasant Val- 
ley, $10; Bridgewater Junior, $20; Indv.: 
Mrs. A. P. Cupp, $1; D. Earl Sanger, $27.87; . 
Job S. Evers, $5; Ida Showalter, $20; E. S. 
Ringgold, $25; Jane A. Zimmerman and Sis- 
ter, $13; No. 51747, $6; Katie M. Showalter, 
$2; Mrs. E. R. Showalter, $2; G. B. Flory, 
$5; Bettie F. Early, $5; Little Elizabeth F. 
Miller, $1; Sol G. Miller and Wife, $10; D. 
C. Cline, $25; Jos Early, $20; G. Z. Bashor 
and Wife, $15; J. P. Chandler, $2, 752 56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Walnut Grove, $33.30; 
Germantown, $52.10; Blackwater Chapel 
(Bethlehem), $35; Burks Fork, $9; Elk Run, 
$38.38; S. S.: Pleasant Valley, $58.75; Laurel 
Branch, $10.50; Aid Society: Brick (Ger- 
mantown), $40.50; Indv.: Michael Reed, $5; 
Mrs. C. R. Frick, $2; Raymond Peters, $2; 
Isaac Peters, $5; R. M. Arndt, $2.50; I. T. 
Hooker, $10; Emma Z. Hooker, $8.50; Emma 

Suithall, $5, 317 53 

Washington— $559.20 

Cong.: Stiverson, $15; Outlook, $40.85; 
First Spokane, $20; Wenatchee, $60.51; 
Seattle, $8; Olympia, $68.34; S. S. Sanger 
and Wife (Seattle), $10; S. S.: No. Spqkane, 
$17.15; Outlook, $24; Gleaners' Class, Out- 
look, $36.67; Beginners' Class, Outlook, 
$8.91; Mt. Hope, $33.89; Forest Center, 
$6.30; Senior Bible Class, Sunnyside, $43.17; 
Aid Societies: Outlook, $15; First Spokane, 
$5; C. W. S.: Junior Outlook, $11.55; Seattle, 
$46.36; Indv.: Junias Spur.geon, $8; J. F. 
Miller, $10; James Wagoner and Wife, 
$10.50; Mrs. S. O. Hatfield, $25; C. L. Led- 
better, $5; A Brother and Sister, $25; B. E. 

Breshears, $5, 559 20 

West Virginia— $268.46 

First Dist., Cong.: Dry Fork, $26.62; 
Greenland, $15.50; Maple Spring (Eglon), 
$5; E. W. Franz (Greenland). $5; Ollie F. 
Idleman (Greenland), $10; S. S.: Kelley 
Chapel (White Pine), $11.50; Sister Mary E. 
Miller's Class. Martinsburg, $5; Indv.: J. D. 
Beery, $25; E. H. Hanlin and Wife, $12; 



The Missionary Visitor 


Cora Shaffer, $2; W. M. Moreland and 
Wife, $10; Edward Jones, $10; Rosa B. 
Guthrie, $6; Minor Leatherman and Wife, 
$50; C. A. Hanlin and Wife, $7.25; A. A. 
Rotruck, $1; C. W. Martin, $6; Wm. H. 
Flory and Wife, $5; D. L. Cassady and 
Wife, $6 218 87 

Second Dist., Cong.: Bethel (North Mill 
Creek), $11; S. S.: Pleasant Valley, $10; 
Aid Society: Hevener Sisters, $10; Indv.: 
J. W. and Elva May Hevener, $4.59; Jesse 
Judy and Wife, $3; Emma Kilmer, $1; J. 

F. Ross, $10, 49 59 

Wisconsin— $110.00 

S. S.: Rice Lake, $6; Indv.: J. M, Fruit, 
$100; Mrs. Lizzie A. Clair and Children, $4, 110 00 

Total for the month, $35,107 77 

Total previously reported, 78,521 73 

Total for the year, $113,629 50 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Marie Pontius, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $43.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: Ever Faithful Class, Lan- 
caster, 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Always There Class, 

Waynesboro, 18 75 

Wisconsin— $25.00 

S. S. : Young People's Organized Class, 
Stanley, ■ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 93 75 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 93 75 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: West Manchester, 25 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 37 50 

Total previously reported, 27 65 

Total for the year $ 65 15 


Transferred from the Forward Movement, 12 50 

Total for the month $ 12 50 

Total previously reported, 70 49 

Total for the year, $ 82 99 

Florida— $20.00 

Indv.: J. A. Miller and Wife, 20 00 

Pennsylvania— $47.30 

W. Dist., S. S.: Rockton, $27.30; Indv.: 
Sallie A. Helman, $20, 47 30 

Total for the month, $ 67 30 

Total previously reported, 488 60 

Total for the year, $ 555 90 

California— $66.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Covina, $31; Po- 
mona, $12.50; Pasadena, $22.50, 66 00 

Indiana — $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Society: Huntington, 10 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: English River, .. 25 00 

Kansas— $55.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies of N. E. Dist., 40 00 

N. W. Kans. and S. E. Colo. Aid Societies, 15 00 

Maryland— $207.00 

E. Dist., Eastern Dist. Aid Societies 207 00 

Missouri— $60.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies of No. Missouri, 60 00 

Nebraska— $25.00 

Aid Society: Haxtum Sisters, $10; Lin- 
coln Sisters, $15, 25 00 

Ohio— $40.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Sidney, $10; 
Union City Country Church, $10; Union 
city, $10; Indv.: Mrs. T. A. Wise, $10, .... 40 00 

Oregon— $5.00 

Aid Society: Bandon, 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

W. Dist., Aid Society: Garrett, 30 00 

Tennessee — $25.00 

Aid Society: Knob Creek, 25 00 

Virginia— $205.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies: Eastern Mill 
Creek, $40; Cedar Grove (Flat Rock), $40; 
Garbers (Cooks Creek), $40; Greenmount, 
$40, 160 00 

Second Dist., Aid Society: Beaver Creek 

Sisters, 45 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 100 00 

Total for the month $ 858 00 

Total previously reported, 2,526 17 

Total for the year, $ 3,384 17 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Ira Studebaker, 5 00 

Ohio— $1.85 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Celestia Myers, 1 85 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Aid Society: Alvo, 10 00 

Transferred from the Forward Movement, 575 00 

Total for the month $ 591 85 

Total previously reported, 1,804 09 

Total for the year $ 2,395 94 





Laura B. Pittenger, Atascadero, $15; C. 
Ernest and Grace H. Davis, Live Oak, $5; 

Edmond Taylor, La Verne, $150, $ 170 00 


Denver Cong., $5; Haxtun, S. S., $7.50, .... 12 50 


Sebring S. S., L 12 20 


Payette Valley S. S., $182.05; Nezperce 

Cong., $32.60, 214 65 


C. J. Sell, Joliet, $5; Sterling Cong., $9; 

Batavia S. S., $31 45 00 


Goshen Cong., $55.72; The Altruist S. S. 
Class, Flora Church, $30; Cedar Lake S. S., 
$15; Turkey Creek S. S., $10; Huntington 
City Cong., $8.75; Manchester S. S., $83.66; 
Elkhart City S. S., $25; Mexico Cong., $5; 
1st Church, South Bend, $55; Buck Creek 
Aid Society, $50; Ladoga Church, $4; Anti- 
och S. S., $52.52; White Branch S. S., $8.05; 
Live Wire S. S. Class, $10.60; S. A. Hylton, 
Indianapolis, $2; Mississinewa Cong., $68.72, 484 02 

Iowa River Church, $8.81; L. A. Walker, 
Mt. Etna, $5; Frank Glotfelty, Libertyville, 

$5, 18 81 


Bloom S. S., $10; Clara C. Himes, Russell, 

$5, 15 00 


Hagerstown Church, $88.16; Grossnickle 
S. S., Middletown Valley Cong., $78.54; My- 
ersville S. S., $35.45, 202 15 


Mrs. E. E. Fisher, Brethren, $2; Willing 
Workers' Class of Harlan S. S., $4.73; Elias 

Wallick, Bloomingdale, $2.50, 9 23 


C. W. Society, Worthington, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Clara Miller, Rinehart 15 00 

North Dakota 

Ellison Cong 7 80 


Mrs. Minna Heckman, Greenville, $5; Re- 
ceipt No. 5540, Spencer, $25; First Church, 
Cincinnati, $9; Erma Hissong, Union, $2; 
Union Hill S. S., Sugar Creek, $50, 91 00 


Myrtle Point Cong., 13 50 


Mrs. Martha F. Hollinger, Abbottstown, 
$1; Antietam Cong., $7; Rockwood Cong., 
$4.80; Licking Creek Cong., $10.07; Juniata 
Park Church, $60.71; Pleasant Hill Church 
and S. S., $58.98; Scalp Level S. S., $35.86; 
Midway S. S., $51.15; Ridgely C. W. Society, 
$38.45; Sister Ada Ebersole's Class, Spring 
Creek S. S., $31; Annville Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, $15; Heidlersberg S. S., $70; Richland 
Church, $148.10; Mingo Church, $69.20; 
Spring Creek S. S., $32.42; So. Annville S. 
S., $25; Diligent Workers' Class, Ephrata 
S. S., $10; West Green Tree Church, $112; 
Peach Blossom Church, $43.26; East Peters- 
burg Church, $30; Salunga S. S., $15; Johns- 
town Church, $7; Moxham S. S., $60; Hamp- 
ton S. S., $17; Emmert and Oliver Freder- 
ick, Woodbury, $25; Woodbury Cong., $5; 
Gleaner's Bible Class, Bellwood, $18; Bell- 
wood S. S., $12.01; Bellwood Church, $14.40; 
Riddlesburg Church, $2.50; Brethren S. S. 
of Williamsburg Cong., $85.75; Gleaners' 
Class, Akron S. S., $15; Midway S. S., $30; 
Lebanon S. S., Midway Church, $34.96; 
Young Married Ladies' Class, Spring Creek 
Church, $20; Young Men's Bible Class, 
Spring Creek S. S., $120; Lancaster Church, 
$233; Milbach S. S., Richland Church, $31; 
East Fairview Church, $5; Annville Church, 
$150; Annville S. S., $100; Mountville S. S., 
$152.50; Intermediate Class, Fairview S. S., 
Spring Creek Church, $5; Falling Springs 
Cong., $5; Purchase Line S. S., $21.75; Pur- 
chase Line Church, Manor Cong., $54.52; 
Maitland S. S., $50; Mrs. Viola Ehrhart, 
Hampton, $1; Dry Valley Cong., $50; Har- 
mony ville S. S., $3; Green Tree S. S., $50c; 
Huntingdon S. S., $460.33; Mary M. Carney 
(deceased), $5; Waynesboro S. S., $192; Mrs. 
R. T. Idleman, Marianna, $10, 2,865 22 


Young Men's Bible Class, Cloverdale, 
$35; Roanoke City Cong., $105.97; Emma 
Suithall, Cartersville, $5; Harrisonburg 
Church, $10; Branch S. S., Sangerville 
Cong., $61.16; Chas. A. Myer, »Sangerville 
Cong., $2.50; Young Ladies' Bible Class, 

Cloverdale, $60; Fairfax Cong., $5.10, 284 73 


Wenatchee City S. S., $33; S. S. of the 
Sunnyside Cong., $28.20; Sunny Slope 
Church, $22.15, 83 35 

Total for month of January, 1921 $ 4,549 16 



Reedley Cong., $157.55; Santa Ana S. S., 

$30, 187 55 


Manchester S. S., $27.92; Four Mile Aid 

Society, $50, 77 92 


Juniata S. S 17 50 


Emanuel S. S., $13; Pleasant View Cong., 
$64.57; Wengfoot Corners S. S., $35.50; From 

S. and S., New Carlisle, $20, 133 07 


Green Tree S. S., $127.50; Wilmington 
Mission, $14; Conewago Cong., $48, 189 50 

South Carolina 

J. I. Branscom, Campobello 10 00 


Unity Aid Society 15 00 

West Virginia 

S. M. Annon, 2nd District 13 65 

Total for month of January, 1921, $ 644 19 


Anna and Dorothy Eberly, Ephrata, .... 5 00 

Total for month of January, 1921, $ 5 00 


Mary M. Gibson 
A Prayer 

Father, dear Father, for leaders — yes, for 
leaders of principle — we plead, without 
flinching from the great responsibility, 
though it takes the life blood to win the 

Help them give it to reach the highest 
goal. " Where there is no vision, the peo- 
ple perish " (Prov. 29: 18). Oh, that none 
shall perish! May we realize, in its deep- 
est sense, the great prophecy of Joel 2:28: 
"And it shall come to pass afterward, that 
I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; 
and your sons and your daughters shall 
prophesy, your old men shall dream 
dreams, your young men shall see visions.' 
The dreams will materialize, and the visions 
are being carried out as never before. Give 
more strength, grace, courage and abound- 
ing love to the daughters of Zion, with the 
talents and power Divine to take the step 
to come to the front ranks as good soldiers 
in hardships for the cross 'of Christ, to be 
crowned as a victor in this great conquest. 

Dear Lord, we want them to be telling 
and leading us and the world to a higher 
plane through Immanuel's land, that thy 
kingdom may be supreme. The young men 
are leading, that we may be lifted to lofty 
heigh'ts for the devoted religion of Jesus 
Christ, and are anxious for the whole truth 
of God to be revealed to the wayward 
children of men. Dear Lord, we desire 
to be a helper in this great conquest; a 
helper to the mighty host which thou art 
marshaling over land and sea. The love I 
of our Lord purifies our heart, mind and 
soul. It makes us richer in earthly friend- 
ship, gives to us a greater interest in a lost J 
world, and inspires us to go into all the 

(Continued on Page 87) 

aerNERAL missioin board 

D. L. MILLER, Alt. Morris, 

ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
OTHO WINGER. North Manchester. Im 


Life Advii 

CHAS. I). BONSACK, New Windsor, 
General Director Forward Movement. 
I I VODER, McPherson, Kansas. 
A. P. B LOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 



H. C. EARLY, President. H. SPENSER M1NNICH, Missionary Educa 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. tional Secretary. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer. M. R. ZIGLER. Home Mission Secretary. 
Editor, the Visitor. CLYDE M. CULP, Financial Secretary. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 


Villa Pax, Koldby, per 

Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

*Esbensen, Niels 
•Esbensen, Christine 

Friisgatan No. 1, 
Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 
On Furlough 

Buckingham, Ida, Oakley, 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie F. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Metzger, Minerva 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura T. 

Sollenberger, O. C. 

Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E. 

Horning, Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Miller, Valley 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith. Frances Sheller 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe. Winnie E. 

Hutchison, Anna 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

ger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

Wampler. Vida M. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Byron AI. 
ry, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Myers, Alinor M. 

Myers, Sara Z. 

Schaeffer, Alary 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Aloy 
On Furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Nu. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M., No. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Flory, Raymond C, Elgin. 
111., care General Mission 

Flory, Lizzie N., Elgin. 
111., care General Mission 

Horning, Emma, 5452 Kim- 
bark Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Vaniman, Ernest D., La 
Verne, Calif. 

Vaniman, Susie C, La 
Verne, Calif. 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Arnold, S. Ira ' 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Summer, Benjamin F. 

Ziegler, Kathryn - 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Eby, Emma H. 

Hoffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 

Ross, A. W. 

Ross, Flora N. 
Prdspect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Replogle, Sara G. 
Shumaker, Ida C. 

Novsari, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 
Forney, Anna M. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner. Kathryn B. 
Hdllenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Powell, Josephine 
Shull, Chalmer. G. 
Shull, Mary S. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Holsopple, Q. A. 
Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Mow, Anetta 
Wagoner, J. Elmer 
Wagoner, Ellen H. 
On Furlough 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., North 

Manchester, Ind. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., N 

Manchester, Ind. 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood 

Emmert, Jesse B., Hunt 

ingdon, Pa. 
Emmert, Gertrude R 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Kaylor, John I., Hunting 

don, Pa. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Long, I. S., Elgin, 111., care 

General Mission Board 
Long, Effie V., Elgin, 111.. 

care General Mission 

Pittenger, J. AL, Pleasant 

Hill. Ohio 
Pittenger. Florence B., 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Royer, B. Mary, Eliza- 

bethtown, Pa. 
Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Alary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris. 111. 
Swartz. Goldie E., 3435 

Van Buren St., Chicago. 

Widdowson, Olive, 541 

Lexington Ave., N. Y. C. 

Please Notice — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
*Native workers trained in America. 





Why $50,000 for 


it wai- 

Help weak churches to self-supporting basis. 

Aid declining churches to come back. 

Encourage weak districts. 

Make possible special work in strategic points. 

Send evangelists into needy fields. 

Despatch missionaries into unoccupied areas. 

Take the message of our Master to folks who 
have never heard it. 

Contribute to the maintenance of Christian 
ideals in shaping the destiny of America. 

Promote the tested ideals of our church 
among our own countrymen. 

This fifty thousand dollars is included in the 
1921 Forward Movement Budget 






Church^ of the <Bi*ethi*en 


April, fl<921 

NO. 4 

■IIIWIIII ■ :■■;■ Ulliil!lli!HlililWi ili:!l ■liV.:.::!l.f. , l. ■■ m.:;i. I,, I MHiWti n - . ':! .'Vteiri-r ,,:.l,.. f a. :|.:!li:.Ji ,;,:.. KlililllMlll IlllWIIIh.lllSdllllllllillll 


T is my purpose under 
God's guidance to de- 

vote my life without reserve 
to a distinctly Christian 

It is my purpose, if God 
permits, to become a Foreign 


,-:;.,, iiK.iniiin !||:i!|>i:pi|;<! ; 


The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is g included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational : collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
it possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917. authorized Aug. 20. 1918. 

Contents for April, 1921 



A Sunday Evening in a Christian Village, By J. H. B. Williams, 98 

The Spirit of Missions in Our Colleges, By C. H. Shamberger, 101 

Why "The United Student Volunteers," By William H. Beahm 102 

Practical Work at La Verne College, 103 

McPherson College on the Field 104 

Juniata on the Field, By George Griffith, 106 

M. C. on the Field, By Grace Hollenberg, 108 

The Volunteers' Opportunity in the Daily Vacation Church School, 

By Fred A. Replogle, 110 

j Bethany on the Field, By Pauline Eisenbisc and Elnora Schechter, .. Ill 

j Mount Morris on the Field, 114 

j Elizabethtown on the Field, By Vera R. Hackman, 115 

j Bridgewater on the Field, By Olive Wampler, 116 

♦ Blue Ridge on the Field, By Mrs. Edith Barnes, 118 


Special Days in a Rural Church: Their Value, By E. F. Sherfy 120 


The Boys and Girls of Africa, By Ruth Royer, 124 


Volume XXIII 

APRIL, 1921 

No. 4 


The Student Volunteers gladly consented 
to provide the greater part of material for 
this April issue of the Visitor. We are in- 
deed indebted to them, not alone for their 
efforts at this particular task, but for their 
zeal and earnest desire for the Christian 
church to grow and their willingness to 
give of life and means to accomplish this 
end. The volunteers of today are pos- 
sessed of a love for souls, as were our pio- 
neer church fathers. As you look at the 
faces in these pictures you see those whose 
names will become household words in 
Church of the Brethren homes and we will 
recognize them as leaders in the Christian 

We should not neglect to give due credit 
to our colleges for their splendid guidance 
in the lives of these young people of the 
church. There is an age in the life of stu- 
dents when a Christian college can be most 
valuable in helping them choose a Chris- 
tian calling. Not all the volunteers shown 
in these pictures are members of the Church 
of the Brethren, for students from other 
churches are attending our schools and 
have caught the vision for missionary serv- 

A hint to the churches may not be out 
of place. You certainly will expect that 
these students, happy in the choice of their 
life work, will return to their home congre- 
gations when school is out, with an earnest 
desire to work. It may be that they will 
overestimate their ability, but a very sad 
thing can happen if the folks at home do 
not appreciate the sacrifice they have made 
in their recent decisions for missionary serv- 
ice. Indeed, it is quite possible they may 
have views in which the home church can- 
not fully share, but this should by no means 
prevent a most sympathetic relationship. 
Some years ago an enthusiastic student, on 

returning to his home church, discovered he 
had done a deed which was not at all in 
harmony with the wish of the church. He 
was severely taken to task, and since he 
did not hold the same views as the home 
church he was unable to work in harmony 
with them. Their point of difference was 
small, but it had been magnified until it 
seemed large. That student now is one of 
the best ministers in another denomination, 
and many of our pastorless churches would 
be glad for the opportunity of securing his 

We must not neglect a word of admoni- 
tion to the student volunteers also. It must 
be remembered that human nature pro- 
ceeds only so fast, and if new and better 
methods have been learned, think not that 
the church will be willing to accept them at 
first suggestion, without giving a thorough 
investigation. The wise missionary is a 
fountain of patience and must know folks 
in order to succeed with them. 

Many farmers who were not able to turn 
their corn into cash were willing to give 
this and other grain to the starving ones 
in China. The American Farm Bureau 
Federation tried to secure free transporta- 
tion from the Pacific coast to China in 
idle Shipping Board ships, but since they 
failed in their attempt no corn will receive 
free transportation. 

Missionaries cannot cash American money 
orders, and it only causes delay for them to 
be sent abroad. Drafts on foreign banks 
can be purchased from banks in this coun- 
try and can be cashed over there. A still 
better method is to ask the General Mis- 
sion Board for a certificate of transmission. 
These will be supplied without charge. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Money intended for mission purposes 
should not be sent to an individual mis- 
sionary, but to the board, designating to 
which fund it is to be placed. The money 
will then be used in that work, and no extra 
expense or confusion will be entailed in 
placing the money at work. 

Lack of space forbids giving much famine 
news. The missionaries are so grateful for 
the generous outpouring of funds from the 
home church. They are making extensive 
plans to care for more people. One evil 
that will surely come from the famine is 
the transfer of land from the many small 
holders to the few who are able financially 
to purchase it. The land of the five great 
provinces, affected by the famine, is divided 
up among eighty per cent of the population, 
the average holding being about one acre. 
These tiny individual holdings are passing 
in great numbers into the hands of wealthy 
people of other provinces. 

The. Christian church is in the world, but 
she should not be of the world. There is 
a difference in these two that is not always 
discerned. Recently it was my privilege to 

pass through one of our large Pennsylvania 
cities on Saturday evening. Our church in 
that city has had a wonderful opportunity 
to make its influence felt. I purchased the 
evening paper and was soon interested in 
reading the church announcements of that 
city. It was with distinct disappointment 
that I found the Church of the Brethren 
was not included. Is it true, brethren, that 
we do not have anything to announce to 
the world? Certainly we have a wonderful 
message; we are in the world and the world 
needs our message. It seems a great shame 
— yes, even a sin, to withhold the message. 
I do not refer to the mere formal announce- 
ments in the city paper, but to the fact that 
our message is often just as hidden and 
hard to find. 

By the time this paper reaches our read- 
ers the deputation — Brethren Yoder and 
Williams — sent to our mission fields will 
be nearing Africa, and they should be ad- 
dressed at Port Said, Egypt, care of Thos. 
Cook & Son. They report a splendid fel- 
lowship with our India missionaries. They 
have visited many other missions and re- 
port that ours are as well organized and 
manned as any they have found. 

A Sunday Evening in a Christian Village 

Letter No. 8 

Dear Spenser: 

One can sometimes get tired of much 
travel, and likely readers get tired of much 
talk about it; but I believe you would be 
interested in an account of our visit to the 
village of Agaswan. We are at Vyara Mis- 
sion Station and are spending some delight- 
ful days with the missionaries here, and they 
are seeing that our time does not lie heavy 
on our hands. If you ever want a real in- 
tensive missionary itinerating schedule 
made out you can safely leave the program 
in the hands of our good missionaries. 

Not only do they want us to see the work 
in their schools and main stations, but they 
also wish us to go out into the villages 
where there is the real contact with people 
in their native environments. It was in this 
spirit that Brethren Long, Blough and 
Wagoner piloted us Americans out from 
Vyara about five miles last Sunday evening 

to the village of Agaswan. This station is 
not equipped with a Ford, like Bulsar, 
Anklesvar and Vada, but supplies the need 
with bullock carts. 

Approaching Agaswan as the sun was set- 
ting, I spied a tall youth, dressed in white 
garments surmounted with a flowing white 
turban, on the hill above me, running to- 
wards the village. He had been a lookout, 
watching for our approach. As we drove 
up in front of the thatched home of the 
Christian teacher we discovered that a 
splendid welcome had been arranged for us. 
The covered pavilion, that evidently had 
been used during the Christmas exercises, 
was decorated with triangular paper flags 
of many colors, while the posts supported 
banana stalks, freshly cut for the occasion. 
Festoons of beautiful flowers, flame-of-the 
forest, hung about. 

In the room were seated the villagers to 


The Missionary Visitor 


the number of about one hundred. As we 
entered all of them arose and gave us " sa- 
laam," the beautiful greeting of the Indian 
people. We were led to chairs arranged 
behind the speakers' table, and as soon as 
we were seated the audience settled itself 
upon the floor for the program. 

Seven boys immediately came forward 
and gave us a most vigorous welcome song, 
accompanied with many salaams. The lat- 
ter was all that we could understand, ex- 
cepting the smiles and twinkle of their 
eyes — signs of a universal language. Then 
six boys, facing five girls and arranged on 
each side of the front of our table, sang 
alternate verses of some native song. This 
was followed by a splendid song by twelve 
boys, and next the entire congregation 
joined in a great anthem of praise. 

I especially mention the singing, because 
Bro. Long said that three years ago in 
April, when work was started here, these 
people could not sing at all. They did not 
know the first principle of singing in uni- 
son. The Indian loves to clap his hands, 
rhythmically, as he sings. If the song is new 
the leader will " line out " the hymn the 
same as our forefathers did, excepting that 
he sings it, because few of these older peo- 
ple can read, and then the entire congrega- 
tion, clapping slowly in unison, will join 
heartily in the singing. 

Then we enjoyed what these people call 
a farce. The Indian is an adept at hearing 
a story and then dramatizing it; and he 
loves to do this. I have seen some of the 
Bible stories dramatized and worked out by 
these boys and girls, with their teachers, 
and then acted in a way that indelibly fixes 
the lesson upon my mind. Where so many 
of these people cannot read, it seems neces- 
sary to put everything in the concrete for 
them. The farce of this evening was that 
story which used to be in our school read- 
ers, entitled. " The Truth Itself Is Not Be- 
lieved from One Who Often Has De- 

A boy dressed as a shepherd came in, fol- 
lowed by seven sheep — little boys crawling 
on their hands and knees. Their " Baa- 
baa-a " indicated plainly that they under- 
stood their part. The shepherd fed his 
sheep before us and finally cried out "Wog," 
" wog " (tiger! tiger)! Help came rushing 

in and the shepherd made great sport 
through his joke. Angrily these left and 
the shepherd continued to feed his sheep. 
By and by the real wog came in the form a 
boy dressed up in his striped skin, a real 
ferocious tiger, and he attacked the sheep, 
killing them one by one. The shepherd 
was in great anguish, and then came the 
little fellow, who told him that it was his 
own fault; that he should not lie. 

The visitors were then expected to do 
their part. Bro. Yoder came first with a 
short talk on " Love for the Children." 
Then your humble servant talked for a time 
on " Ye Are the Light of the World." The 
question was asked these folks as to how 
many were Christians. Many hands were 
raised, since there are forty-six Christians 
in the village. Then they were asked how 
many were not Christians, and though they 
seemed to protest and groan a bit, finally 
many hands went up. Then, how many be- 
lieved in Jesus, and practically every hand 
was raised. It was not hard to believe that 
what these people are needing more than 
any other thing is a native leadership that 
can really care for them. 

Bro. Harnly then talked on some prac- 
tical things of life — the evils of strong 
drink, the dangers of disease, and the folly 
of idolatry. It is a difficult thing for us 
Americans, fresh from the homeland, to 
know what to say to such an audience. 
Not only do we know so little of these 
folks, but we do not know just how simple 
to make what we say. Bro. Long, who has 
been here for years, acted as our inter- 
preter, and to him alone belongs any 
credit if the folks understood us. But we 
Americans are a problem for the mission- 
ary interpreter. I talked about Samson, on 
Sunday at Vyara, and spoke of his curly 
locks, and of the wiggling ears of an ele- 
phant that I saw chained here recently. Bro. 
Long interpreted, but the locks did not curl 
for him and the elephant's ears did not 
wiggle. Even Gujarati has its limitations! 

Then there were the song and the simple 
prayer of the Indian minister. " Lord, teach 
us to pray," asked the disciples, and here 
we saw the same scene enacted by these 
jungle folk. They know not how to pray. 
The minister would give one sentence of 
his petition to the Great Father, and the 


The Missionary Visitor 


simple-minded people would repeat it after 
him, and thus the prayer was made to him 
who so clearly understands. And thus our 
service ended. The drive home through the 
starlight found us wondering all along the 
way about such a Father, and marveling 
at the manner in which he would call brave 
men and women from the dear old Church 
of the Brethren in America, out, thousands 
of miles from home, and lead them to settle 
in such a land as this, where they had 
found so much opposition. 

I say opposition, because when Brother 
and Sister Ross came to this native state 
of Baroda, fifteen years ago, they were not 
wanted. They were not allowed to pur- 
chase land for a considerable time, and then 
only a small amount. And even yet in this 
small village of Agaswan missionaries are 
not allowed to own a foot of land. The 
work was opened here at the request of 
some men of the village who desired a 
school for their children. Since the mis- 
sion could not own ground Bro. Long fur- 
nished some timber and the people built 
this thatched house on their own land. Then 
the officials notified Bro. Long that the 
house must be torn down within eight days. 
It was the rainy season and the house was 
not torn down over the head of the school- 
teacher and it stands yet, and shelters the 
teacher and his family, while one room 
serves as the school for forty bright chil- 

Why, you ask, is it that such good people 
as these missionaries are not allowed to 
purchase where they please? Well, this is 
not a short story. Enfolded in the answer 
is the story of millions of people in India 
who are being enslaved. The native officials, 
in many cases, and the moneyed classes do 
not want them educated. They do not want 
this, for social, financial, and political rea- 

Socially, these people belong to low 
castes, or rather to the depressed classes. 
They are ignorant, and in that condition 
they are easily enslaved and made to serve 
the higher castes. They cannot, they dare 
not, think of the children of these depressed 
peoples securing an education and thus hav- 
ing opportunity to become intelligent men 
who think for themselves. 

Financially, while these people are igno- 

rant, the money lender, whose methods 
would put the worst American loan shark 
to shame, is able to loan them a few rupees, 
charge extortionate rates of interest, add 
to the debt as he may wish, because they 
cannot read, and finally seize their land in 
default of payment. Then the poor villager 
becomes the victim of these wealthy fel- 
lows, and is enslaved in fact if not in name. 
Thus these money lenders, with the Parsee 
liquor dealer, are able to secure great wealth 
while their fellow-men sink lower and lower 
in the economic scale. 

Then, politically, it would not do, so these 
higher classes think, for the millions of 
depressed classes to be educated. Things 
might then change for the higher castes in 
India, and where would their slaves and 
servants come from? I would not mean to 
infer from this that all government officials 
feel as I have indicated. I am talking partic- 
ularly about conditions in this native state. 
The real condition of the Indian people is 
much the same, . even in British territory, 
but the British officials usually are doing 
the .best they can with a very puzzling 
caste situation. 

It is an innate characteristic of the un- 
christianized Indians to want to look down 
upon somebody. Apparently they have lit- 
tle altruism in their natures. They respect 
the fellow over them, but they have little 
mercy for the next fellow below them — and 
there always seems to be somebody in a 
social place a bit lower. 

Well, I have wandered somewhat afield 
from the royal welcome at Agaswan. But 
I have said all of this in order to show the 
type of village this one was before the- Gos- 
pel came. Now things are so different. The 
people can sing; they know of Jesus. Near- 
ly all say they believe in him, though they 
have not all accepted him. But the time is 
coming when they will accept him, and 
every indication points to the day when these 
depressed classes by the thousands will 
want to come into the Christian church. 
The great, GREAT need is for a multitude 
of trained, spiritually-minded native Chris- 
tian leaders. Give our workers these and 
the results are assured. Together let us 
pray for them. 


J. H. B. Williams. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Spirit of Missions in Our Colleges 

C. H. Shamberger 

THE missionary world is not static, 
but is constantly changing, and to 
every generation it presents a chal- 
lenge that is distinctive. The appeal to 
our fathers and mothers, in the colleges of 
the Church of the Brethren a generation 
ago, was decidedly different from ours of 
today. Then the spirit for foreign missions 
was rather frowned at because of the atti- 
tude of the church toward such. But with 
the change in attitude of our own denomi- 
nation, and practically all Christian 
churches, there has come a new appeal and 
a new spirit for missions. These two are 
rather inseparable; the response to the ap- 
peal is the spirit of missions. 

Students have been hearing less and less 
about the physical peculiarities and customs 
of heathen folk and are having presented 
to them, by missionaries on furlough and 
missionary leaders, the broader social, re- 
ligious, educational, economical and politi- 
cal demands of heathen peoples. In re- 
sponse to this, 3 r oung men and women of 
ability have seen an importance in missions 
that had been lacking in the earlier pres- 
entation. Accordingly their conception of 
a missionary's life has been changed from 
that of one attending to minor details to 
that of a leader who deals with great issues. 
This has given dignity to the mission cause 
and has occasioned the enlistment of the 
most capable college students. 

It may also be stated that there is a 
tendency toward the practical in missionary 
preparation. The time was when it was 
generally accepted that there were but two 
classes of people needed on the mission 
field; viz., the preacher and the woman 
Bible teacher. Those who are in prep- 
aration now know that there is one under- 
girding purpose in all mission work — the 
winning of men and women to Christ. 

The enthusiasm for missions is shown to 
some extent in the fact that fully one-sixth 
of the students enrolled the present year 

are planning on some specific Christian 
service. This does not include a number 
who are doing graduate study in the 
universities. It should not be understood 
that this entire number are planning on 
foreign missionary service, but that they 
are planning to serve in the will of God 
wherever he directs. 

The influence of the Des Moines Con- 
ference of the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment a year ago, has manifested itself in a 
positive way in all of the student groups. 
It was well that all of the schools were 
represented at the conference. The State 
Conferences, too, have been sources of 
power, and it is worthy of note that at least 
three of our colleges are represented in the 
State executive committees, Blue Ridge 
College having entertained the Maryland 
conference in February. 

The present year has been characterized 
by a remarkable searching by young men 
and women to know the will of God for 
their lives, and a corresponding eagerness 
to follow it when ascertained. The spirit 
of missions in our colleges is a challenge 
to the church. 

The Colored Sunday-school Conducted by the 
Hebron Volunteers 

Byer, Prof. F. J. 
Byer, Mrs. F. J. 
Gibson, Prof. I. J. 
Gibson, Mrs. I. J. 

Members of the Hebron Volunteer Band 

Maupin, Nettie 
Miller, Mary 
Bucker. Ruth 
Graybill, Alice 

Hinegardner, Cheslie 
Cubbage, Saylor 
West, Guy 

Allen, George 
Leidy, Edward 
Knight, Mary 


The Missionary Visitor 


Why "The United Student Volunteers" 

William M, Beahm 

THE Student Volunteer Movement for 
Foreign Missions has grown to large 
proportions during its first genera- 
tion. It has able leadership and has become 
an influence of large import in pouring a 
stream of missionary applicants from the 
schools into the recruiting offices of the 
boards. Its impact has been thoroughly 
felt in our own schools and has awakened 
the students to the needs of the un-Chris- 
tian nations. If, then, this has been done, 
why should there also be an organization 
among our own church schools? Why 
" The United Student Volunteers of the 
Church of the Brethren"? Do we merely 
"want to see the wheels go 'round"? 

Now, as a matter of fact, these two or- 
ganizations are in no wise at loggerheads. 
Their functions are complementary. Our 
" United Student Volunteers " meets two 
r.nique needs otherwise either inadequately 
met or entirely unmet. It applies the ideals 
of the Student Volunteer Movement to our 
general church problems. It also works 
for unity and efficiency in harnessing our 
volunteers to active service. 

To the first: The Student Volunteer 
Movement, in promoting its program of 
creating missionary interest and recruit- 
ing volunteers, seeks, first, to disseminate a 
knowledge of the world's need. Through 
its educational secretariat it is constantly 
on the alert for the status of missionary 
movements and, by means of pamphlets, 
books, and lectures, places this informa- 
tion before the students of our country. 

Its second emphasis is upon the need for 
each student to discover What the will of 
God is for his life. Right here there is much 
confusion. They demand unconditional sur- 
render to the will of God. But too many 
of us, when we see the Lord and hear his 
voice, cry, " Woe is me, for I am all un- 
done," and neglect to add, " Lord, here am 
I, send me." We hoist the. white flag of 
surrender to God and neglect to unfurl 
the banner, " In This Sign Conquer." Sur r 
render to God should not mean a negation 
of our will but an assertion of God's will. 

" Our wills are ours, we know not how; 
Our wills are ours, to make them thine." 

They ask us, therefore, to ally our wills 
with the will of God, and to " understand 
what the will of the Lord is." 

A third item in their program is to devel- 
op the springs of power. The great mis- 
sion of Christianity is to " put life into a 
dead world." The largest need of the mis- 
sionary program is spiritual power. The 
Movement, therefore, most urgently empha- 
sizes the necessity for each volunteer to 
develop a personality of superhuman power 
through the practice of prayer. To foster 
the devotional culture of each growing mis- 
sionary, is their aim. " There is no primer 
business." For we succeed " Not by might, 
nor by power, but by my Spiri.t, saith the 

Their fourth emphasis is upon the need 
for each volunteer to register, " It is my 
purpose, if God permit, to become a foreign 
missionary." They say, " It is every man's 
divine right to form for himself a high 
purpose." When one has made his purpose 
for a definite work, toward its fulfilment he 
shall toil. If he decides to become a foreign 
missionary he has not burned the bridges to 
other service, if God so direct. But he has 
placed the burden of proof for change on 
the home mission field. After the student 
has volunteered, therefore, it is the aim of 
the Movement to keep his purposes from 
sagging and help him " carry on." 

These four emphases our United Student 
Volunteers applies, not only to volunteers 
for overseas service, but to all those who, 
in writing, declare, " It is my purpose, 
under God's guidance, to devote my life, 
without reserve, to a distinctively Chris- 
tian vocation." Because our church is still 
only in the transition to a pastoral ministry 
and thoroughly organized home mission 
program, the challenge to our students, for 
home service, had been far more inadequate 
were it not for the impetus given from the 
Student Volunteer Movement through the 
United Student Volunteers. 

Now to the second: It works for unity 
and efficiency in harnessing our volunteers 
to active service. It works for unity by 
fostering a student " church-consciousness." 

(Continued on Page 122) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Members of the La Verne Volunteer Band 

Boose, Ruth 
Booth, Ethyl 
Brubaker, Hazel 
Byerly, Cathryn 
Barnhart, E. Earl 
Blickenstaff, Mary 
Brubaker, Albert S. 
Brubaker, Leland S. 
Bomberger, David R. 
Brubaker, Mabel Crist 
Carl, Iva 
Carl, Claude 
Davis, Joe 
Deardorf, Olive 
Davis, C. Simeon 

Emley, Ruth 
Forney, Lois 
Frantz, Jesse 
Fox, John W. 
Fox, Bessie King 
Flory, Roy Delmer 
Gorleley, Mary 
Gregory, Orrin B. 
Gaunt, Flora May 
Harper, Byrl 
Hoover, Vera 
Hollenberg, Geo. 
Hartman, Diamond 
Harshbarger, Naomi 
Julius, Florence 

Kuns, Thelma 
Kreps, Florence 
Landis, Estella 
Lehmer, Lois 
Larimer, Alida 
Larimer, Gladys 
Lefever, D. Welty 
Landis, Herman B. 
Miller, Lois 
Miller, Edythe 
Minnich, Hazel 
Minnich, Modena 
Marshburn, Erma 
Moomaw, Herman 
Noll, Velma 

Xetzley, Ralph 
Noll, Beulah E. 
Rench. Orva 
Rhodes, Mollie 
Reed, Albert I. 
Root, Ernest L. 
Riddlesbarger, Wm 
Shirk, Mina 
Sell, Walter 
Stoner, Susan 
Stouffer, Olive 
Thomas, Elliott B 
Thomas, Elizabeth 
Vaniman, Mrs. Alice 
Woody, Marie 


Practical Work at La Verne^College 

NEVER before in the history of La 
Verne College has the influence of 
the Student Volunteer Band been 
so far-reaching. 

There is at present a regular member- 
ship of sixty, together with forty-six as- 
sociate members, making a working force of 
more than one hundred students. With 
the reorganization at the beginning of the 
school year it was found necessar to revise 
the constitution, to enlarge it, to cover a 
much greater field of activities than the 
organization had known before. 

The band meets each Sunday morning 

at 8:45 in the college chapel. All business 
sessions are held during the week. Care- 
fully-planned programs, including many 
special numbers of music, have held the 
interest and attendance of the majority of 
the student body. 

Through the cooperation of Brother and 
Sister Ernest Vaniman and Sister Emma 
Horning, who are now on furlough from 
China, greater interest has been created in 
our China field. November 7, under the 
direction of Sister Horning, the Volunteer 
Band gave a Chinese tea party and social, 
open to all the students and faculty. Chi- 


The Missionary Visitor 


nese curios and costumes were shown, in- 
cluding a demonstration of the use of chop- 
sticks. At the close Chinese wafers and 
tea were served by a number of girls 
dressed in Chinese costume. 

A large field for practical work is open 
to every student who desires to be of serv- 
ice. Each Sunday afternoon small groups 
of students go to homes of shut-ins, and 
after singing and prayer give a brief review 
of the morning sermon. These meetings 
are greatly appreciated by older brethren 
and sisters who have spent years in the 
Master's service. 

This year, as well as last, the band goes 
to Pomona Hospital to sing, two Sundays 
of each month. Another opening for serv- 
ice has been found at the Los Angeles 
County Hospital. November 29 the band 
gave a musical program in the chapel there, 
which was greatly appreciated by those un- 
fortunate folk. 

Among the Mexican population of our 
town a splendid opportunity for work is 
given both at the mission and in the Mex- 
ican homes. At the mission on Sunday 
morning a number of our students are 
teaching Sunday-school classes. Sewing 
and cooking classes are conducted at the 
mission each Saturday afternoon, a number 
of such classes being held in the homes as 
well. Each Wednesday evening at six 
o'clock groups of students go with their 
leaders to the various Mexican homes which 
have been opened for prayer meeting. 
These meetings are not only interesting and 
helpful to the Mexican people, but are a 

means of spiritual growth and development 
in the life of every student who takes part. 

The band has also been actively engaged 
in the work at the Chinese Mission in Los 
Angeles. Teachers have been sent regular- 
ly to the night school, and each. Sunday 
afternoon five or more have been teaching 
Sunday-school classes. 

The work among the Japanese in La 
Verne is just now opening for this season. 
Last year during the orange-picking season 
fourteen Japanese boys were enrolled in 
night school. These were also regular at- 
tendants of the Japanese Sunday-school 
class, taught by boys from the Volunteer 
Band, ?t the church each Sunday morning. 
At the close of school last year three of 
these boys were baptized by our pastor, 
and one is now on his way to Japan, fired 
with zeal to become a missionary to his own 
people. Such results are surely worth 

The missionary play, " The Pill Bottle," 
has been presented twice this year, and will 
probably be given three or four times as a 
part of the deputation work of the band. 
Many over the Brotherhood are acquainted 
with this play and know the strength of its 

Aside. from the deputation teams, which 
are doing their regular work, a quintette of 
singers assisted the evangelistic campaign 
held at Hermosa Beach, a Southern Califor- 
nia mission point, the first part of Febru- 

The field is large and ever widening. 

McPherson College on the Field 

Dr. Frank H. Crumpacker, A. B., 06; A. 
M., '08; D. D. '17, is the evangelist at Ping 
Ting, China. During the present famine he 
is doing relief work among the out-stations. 

Anna N. Crumpacker, A. B., '06; A. M., 
'17, is woman evangelist at Ping Ting. 

R. C. Flory, A. B, '12, and Lizzie Neher 
Flory, N., '07, are stationed at Liao Chou, 
doing evangelistic work. 

George W. Hilton and his wife were on 
the China field for a number of years, but 
due to poor health they are at present at 
home in pastoral work. 

Emma Horning, A. B., '06, is stationed at 

Ping Ting, but is at present home pn fur- 

Ernest D. Vaniman, A. B., '11, and Susie 
Neher Vaniman, N., '07, are at present home 
on furlough. When on the field Bro. Vani- 
man does industrial educational work, and 
Sister Vaniman, besides her housework, 
does work among the women. 

Samuel B. Bowman, A. B., '18, and Pearl 
S. Bowman are at present at Ping Ting 
doing educational work. 

Edna Neher Charles, A. B., '19, under the 
Baptist board is located in the Philippine 


The Missionary Visitor 


Members of the McPherson Volunteer Band 

Beckner, Ada 
Birkin, Mr. Leonard 
Birkin, Mrs. Leonard 
Blickenstaff, Mr. Miles 
Blickenstaff, Mrs. Miles 
Boggs, Calvin 
Bowman, Ida 
Bowman, Stella 
Brubaker, Mr. C. F. 
Brubaker, Mrs. C. F. 
Brubaker, Mr. Warnie 
Brubaker, Mrs. Warnie 
Cullen, Ray 
Crumpacker, Grace 
Daggett, John 
Dickens, Olivia 
Edwards, Gladys 
Eshelman, Mr. C. A. 

Eshelman, Mrs. C. A. 
Ebbert, Goldie 
Engle, J. Howard 

G. Fleming, Mr. Avery 
G.Fleming, Mrs. Avery 
Frantz, Mr. Earl 
Frantz, Mrs. Earl 
Frantz, Mr. Harrison 
Frantz, Mrs. Harrison 
Garvey, Mr. Jesse 

E. Garvey, Mrs. Jesse 
E.Geiman, Mary 
Heckman, Letha 
Holsinger, Ralph 
Holsopple, Eva 
Howard, Olive 
Holmes, Olive 
Hilton, Roy P. 

Ihrig, Irvin 
Ikenberry, Bertha 
Jones, J. Herman 
King, Mayme 
Kurtz, Harold 
Loshbaugh, Mr. R. E. 
Loshbaugh, Mrs. R. E. 
Luckett, Mr. W. T. 
Luckett, Mrs. W. T. 
Martin, Clifford 
Martin, Rodney 
Maust, Samuel 
Merkey, Samuel 
Miller, Mr. M. Linn 
Miller, Mrs. M. Linn 
Mohler, John 
Mohler, Mary 
Morris, Mr. Chas. S. 

Morris, Mrs. Chas. S. 
Naylor, Mr. Louis 
Naylor, Mrs. Louis 
Neher, Simon 
Neher, Roy 
Neher, Mr. Saylor* 
Neher, Mrs. Saylor 
Stover, Mr. H. R. 
Stover, Mrs. H. R. 
Strohm, Ralph 
Stump, Maude 
Spitzer, Ben 

Van Pelt, Mr. Edward B. 
Van Pelt, Mrs. Edward B. 
Waas, Bennie 
Witmore, Irma 
Yoder, Paul 

Bertha Ryan Shirk, who was our first 
single lady missionary to India, is now on 
the home field, and has two daughters in 
McPherson College. 

Myrtle Pollock, A., '17, is a nurse in the 
Liao Chou hospital. 

Dr. D. L. Horning, A. B., '17, and Martha 
Daggett Horning, N., '13, who is now a 
nurse, are in the language school in Peking, 

Levi Stump, A. B., '17, and his wife, 
Alpha Stump, though now returned, were in 
mission work in China. 

Dr. E. H. Eby, A. B., '04; A. M., '15; D. 
D., '18, and Emma Horning Eby, A. B., '18, 
are among the leaders in the mission work 
at Bulsar, Surat Dist., India. 

J. H. Vath, of the Mennonite church, is 
in India. 

I. Katherine Lohrenz, of the Mennonite 
church, is working in India. 

S. Ira Arnold, A. B., '13, is in education- 
al work at Anklesvar, India. 

Sadie Book, Church of the Brethren in 
Christ, is in South Africa. 

(Continued on Page 119) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Juniata on the Field 

George Griffith 

HANGING on the wall, just back of 
the pulpit in the Juniata College 
chapel, is our service flag for 
foreign missions. Here, each day, it tells 
us of the twenty-five members of the Ju- 
niata groui> who have gone or were under 
appointment to go to the foreign field, and 
we are led to breath a prayer for them and 
for others to follow, their noble example. 

S. N. McCann, B. E., later A. B. (Bridge- 
water), and Lizzie Gibbel McCann, B. E., 
were the first of the Juniata family to go to 
the foreign field. They were married in 
India. He was the first elder of our church 
in India, and also the first chairman of the 
field committee of the mission. He opened 
the Anklesvar station and began work in 
the fruitful field of the Rajpipla State. He 
was capable, devoted, hard-working and 
fearless. Though he was there only about 
ten years, yet in the earliest stages of the 
work he made a very decided impress on 
the policies of the mission and created a 
lasting impression on the Indians with 
whom he came in contac.. Sister McCann 
stood right by her husband in all his try- 
ing work. Her help and fortitude in time 
of famine, cholera plague, and in the ordi- 
nary duties of mission work were of great 
value to him. 

J. B. Emmert B. E., A. B. (B. D. this 
year). Mrs. Gertrude Rowland Emmert, 
B. E. Bro. Emmert went to the field in 
1902, and in 1904 Sister Gertrude Rowland 
went out, they being married shortly after- 
wards in India. Bro. Emmert's first term 
of seven years was spent largely in the in- 
dustrial work of the mission, developing 
the shop and training a set of carpenters. 
During the second term of eight years most 
of the time was spent in evangelistic work 
and in assisting in the preparation of the 
Sunday-school literature used by the mis- 
sions working in the Gujarati language 
area. Besides this work, he was secretary 
of the mission eight years and Sunday- 
school secretary of the district about four- 
teen years. Sister Emmert, in addition to 
making an excellent home for her family, 
has done a great deal in the care of the 
orphan children, the women and children 

of the Christian community, and has given 
much aid, relief, and helpful suggestions to 
hundreds of non-Christians. 

J. M. Blough, B. E., A. B., B. D., and 
Mrs. Anna Detwiler Blough, B. S. L., 
went to the field in 1903. They did 
excellent work in the language, and in 
a year after arrival Bro. Blough was ap 
pointed superintendent of the orphanage, 
and did much to standardize the school and 
set the boys on the way to preparation for 
teaching and pastoral work. He was chosen 
first editor of the Sunday-school literature 
and later became secretary of the mission. 
During his second term of service he was 
editor of Sunday-school literature and in- 
structor of the special Bible school for 
teachers and pastors. Moreover, he was 
chairman of the mission several years and 
served as secretary of the Intermission Lan- 
guage Board. Sister Blough has been one 
of the busiest of the missionary ladies, 
teaching in the Bible School, ministering to 
sick children, and going from house to 
house, helping the distressed and teaching 
the truth of our Lord, both by precept and 

Mary N. Quinter, B. E., went to India in 
1903, and soon the boys of the Anklesvar 
and Bulsar orphanages found in her one 
who would sympathetically hear their re- 
quests and unselfishly help them to be better 
men. When the Widows' Home was 
opened at Jalalpor she gave them the full 
benefit of her resources, living with and for 
them. Her departure to be with the Lord 
was lamented by all. 

J. M. Pittenger, A. B., and Mrs/ Florence 
Baker Pittenger, B. E. The Pittengers went 
to India in 1904 and first entered the 
Gujarati section, but soon went with Dr. 
Yereman to Dahanu to learn Marathi and 
to assist the doctor in his work. Later 
they voluntered to go to the mountains 
east of the railroad, sixty miles, to live 
among the people there. They labored for 
eight or nine years among these illiterate 
people and were richly rewarded by seeing 
many of the children partially educated and 
numbers entering the church. 

Ida Himmelsbaugh, R. N., went to India 


The Missionary Visitor 


Statler, Eva 
Dell, Naomi 
Boorse, Madolin 
Griffith, Stella 
Kimmel, Marie 
Rhinehart, Marion 
Melnechenko, Nina 
Noffsinger, Stanley 
Bechtel, Kenneth 

Members of the Juniata Volunteer Band 

Griffith, George 
Snyder, Wilbur 
Lashley, Gladys 
Seese, Dorsey 
Rummel, Paul 
Dixon, George 
Kimmel, Bertha 
Mentzer, Martha 

Stayer, Martha 
Cosner, Newton 
Stayer, Jesse 
McCaim, Henry 
Emmert, Jesse 
Emmert, Mrs. Gertrude 
Kaylor, J. I. 
Kaylor, Mrs. Ina 

Wine, Celesta 

Palmer, Percy 
Rummel, Arthur 
Fethers, Homer 
Baugher, Milton 
George, Hazel 
Peterson, Marie 
Fyock, Kathryn 

in 1908, and was located at Anklesvar for 
medical work. She attained such remarka- 
ble ability in diagnosing and prescribing 
that the field committee asked her to go as 
a medical missionary. The Lord has wonder- 
fully blessed her efforts, and she is now 
located at Umalla, dispensing medicine 
to hundreds, besides having charge of a 
Home for Homeless Babies. 

Q. A. Holsopple, A. B., and Mrs. Kathren 
Royer Holsopple. They went to India in 

1911 and were first located at Jalalpor, but 
on account of a vacancy at Bulsar, they had 
to go there long before the language study 
period was over. They did their work well 
and later were transferred to Anklesvar, but 
on the return of the Stovers, they went back 
to Bulsar, where Bro. Quincy supervised 
the erection of one of the best bungalows 
on the field. The closing years of their 
term were spent among the Bhils of Raj- 
pipla, but they had to return to America 


The Missionary Visitor 


early because of Mrs. Holsopple's poor 
health. They are again located in Rajpipla, 
doing regular station work, where he also 
is serving as Forward Movement Director 
and mission bookkeeper. 

J. Homer Bright, A, B., went in 1911 to 
China, where he has been doing regular 
station work. We do not have the exact 
facts concerning Bro. Bright's work, but we 
know it is of the highest type. 

Olive Widdowson, A. B., went to the 
India field in 1912. Because of the great 
need for workers she has been transferred 
several times, but later was put in charge of 
the girls' boarding school at Anklesvar, in 
which place she has done very commend- 
able work. 

Isaiah E. Oberholtzer, A. B., went to the 
China field in 1916. Bro. Oberholtzer is 
doing good work and is upholding the Lord 
by his faithful witnessing. 

Viola Grace Clapper, B. E., went to China 
in 1917, and has been doing faithful work for 
the Lord. 

Anna Brumbaugh, A. B., went to India in 
1920, and is now located at Vada, in the 

Marathi language area, studying the lan- 
guage and lending a helping hand as op- 
portunity affords. 

Sara Replogle sailed for the India field 
in 1920, and is now located at Jalalpor, 
studying language and doing her full share 
of the work. 

H. B. Heisey, B. S. L., and Mrs. Grace 
Nedrow Heisey went to India in 1912, and 
were located in the Marathi language area, 
with their home at Vada. They began 
their language study with a will and made 
good progress, but because of the poor 
health of Bro. Heisey they had to return 
to America. 

Grace Snavely, A. B., is now in Korea, 
having served several terms there and has 
done some very . remarkable evanglistic 

Others under appointment, but who die( 
before reaching the field, were Bro. W. M. 
Howe and Bro. J. C. Swigart. 

We are indeed thankful that the Juniata 
family is thus making herself felt thruoul 
the world. May those who follow teach 
the Christ and him crucified. 

M. C. on the Field 

Grace Hollenberg 

TO see people trying to prepare a 
meal consisting of chaff and dry 
leaves boiled into a soup is more 
that we can stand," writes one of M. C.'s 
representatives on the field. The result is 
that with untiring effort and with a physical 
strength which would fail were it not for 
the greater strength from God, many of 
our former students are burning out their 
lives in service for the Master, not only in 
famine-stricken China but in India. 

Manchester is glad to have been repre- 
sented, in India and China, already by twen- 
ty-eight of her students. Among these are 
those who have braved the hardships of 
missionary pioneering; those who have 
established refuges for famine sufferers; 
those who forgot their own physical need 
ill the great physical and spiritual need 
about them; those who literally burned their 
lives out for God, and some who have gone 
to a greater joy in service with him. 

Manchester claims the only native mis- 

sionary who has received his education in 
America and is supported by the General 
Mission Board. This is Moy Gwong, win 
finished his college work at M. C. in 1920. 
Word comes that he is glad to be back in ] 
the land which he thinks is the best in all 
the world, and that he is working hard t< 
bring to his people the message of love an< 
good will which has made his life so happy. 
Of those who carry some of the inspi- 
ration received at M. C. to the foreign lands 
the following are now in active service in 
India: Mrs. D. L. Forney, Adam Ebey, 
Alice Ebey, Amos W. Ross, Josephin( 
Powell, Lillian Grisso, Elizabeth Kintner, 
and Nettie Brown. Those on the Chin; 
field are Mrs. J. Homer Bright, Netti< 
Senger, Laura Shock, Elizabeth Oberholt- 
zer, Minerva Metzger, Mary Schaeffer, Mr. 
and Mrs. Walter J. Heisey, and Mo: 
Gwong. Some are now at home gaining 
strength for further service. Among these 
are Goldie Swartz, Anna Eby, John I. Kay- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Members of the Manchester Volunteer Band 

Baker, Adah 
Baker, Mano 
Beahm, Esther 
Beahm, Sara 
Blickenstaff, Lloyd 
Bookwalter, Jesse 
Brooks, Harlan J. 
Blocher, Kathryn 
Chambers, Harold 
Early, Carrie 
Greenwalt, Mildred 
Hostetler* Harvey 
Hoff, John Luke 
Hoff, Lloyd M. 
Heestand, Warren 
Hollenberg, Grace 
Miller, Cletus M. 
Heeter, Ira 
Hollenberg, John H. 
Hollinger, Oma 
Harper, Clara 

Home, Evelyn 
Leibert, Ethel 
Scrogum, Arthur 
Leaman, Mary 
Mote, Arthur 
Moyer, Faye 
Murray, D. R. 
Miller, Georgia 
Mote, Mabel 
Neher, Catherine 
Replogle. Fred A. 
Patrick, Archie 
Thomas, Irvin 
Ulery, Fred 
Younker, Frank 
Senseman, Gladys 
Bailey, Edna 
Blocher, Ruth 
Bowser, Ruth 
Boyer. Charles 
Brumbaugh, Hazel 

Cook, Mary 
Couser, Friend 
Dunning, Ada 
Eisenberger, Cedric 
Elmore, George 
Flory, Charles 
Forney, Ruth 
Forney, Kathryn 
Gorman, Erba 
Hoff, Amos 
Karns, Ray 
Kessler, Dennis 
Senger, Leah 
Shisler, Sara 
Shively, Arthur 
Shull, Merlin 
Shull, Russell 
Shriver, Ruth 
Wells, John 
Sargent, Etoile 

Gump, Mariorie 
Fields, H. M. 
Smith, Albert 
Bagwell, Olive 
Grossnickle, Ivah 
Fields, Mrs. H. M. 
Smith, Mrs. Albert 
Bittel, William 
White, Roy 
Guthrie, Morris 
Eiler, Austin 
Bollinger, Amsey 
Myers, -Sarah E. 
Williams, Alta 
Banbury, Lucille 
Weller, Russell 
Weller, Mrs. Russell 
Bright, Lydia 
Bollinger, Margaret D. 
Roop, Lavina 

lor, and Mrs. A. R. Cottrell. Three of our 
representatives have given their lives in the 
cause of God in missions — S. P. Berkebile, 
Mrs. John Kaylor and Mrs. D. J. Lichty. 
Sister Berkebile is in the homeland be- 
cause of the long-continued ill health and 
death of Bro. Berkebile. 

The stars on our missionary service flag 
are increasing, and they stand for an ever- 
present inspiration to the students who are 
now in school to launch out in the service 

which former students have so nobly be- 

If ever there was a time when people 
sought after false gods and were preaching 
false doctrines and were seeking for nos- 
trums and philters to cure the evils of the 
world it is today. Against that great evil 
the churches should battle as they battle 
against every evil that flows from the devil." 
— Robert Lansing. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Volunteers' Opportunity in the Daily 
Vacation Church School 

Fred A. 

IF you would point to the weakest spot 
in the Protestant church you would 
put your ringer on the army of twenty- 
seven million children and youth in our own 
land who are growing up in spiritual illiter- 
acy, and sixteen million other American 
Protestant children whose religious in- 
struction is limited to a brief half hour once 
a week. Let it be burned into the minds 
of church leaders, that a church that can- 
not save its own children can never save 
the world." — World Survey. 

The last two decades register an ever-in- 
creasing interest in religious education in 
its various aspects. In fact, the last few 
years have in their history distinct ad- 
vances in religious education that no other 
decade can equal. The revelation of the 
meager amount of religious training of the 
American youth caused people in general 
to stop and think, and almost simultaneous- 
ly to act. Sunday-school teachers and re- 
ligious leaders of varying degrees have felt 
the inadequacy of the present program of 
religious instruction and are taking into 
consideration all plans for extension and 

The Daily Vacation Church School has 
been introduced as a phase of this exten- 
sion program. Though this does not yet 
adequately meet the existing need, we are 
agreed that it is a potent factor in the solu- 
tion of the problem. It is for us, one and 
all, to feel and see this great need and then 
to apply ourselves to the task of building 
up and stabilizing an institution that will 
meet this problem of spiritual neglect. 

Student Volunteers are constantly look- 
ing for opportunities for service and mutual 
uplift. There are many also who desire 
with the service an opportunity for self- 
development. This, however, should be 
swallowed up by the great ideals of social, 
moral, and religious development of others. 
The Vacation Church School opens a large 
field of service for the volunteer, and at 
the same time affords ample opportunity 
for self-development. With the great dearth 
of workers and the overwhelming need, it 


is indeed a worthy place in which to bury 
a life in service. This is not merely an emo- 
tion, but a conviction that has come out of 
my own experience. The present program 
of religious training, with its immature and 
untrained teachers, meager equipment, and 
limited instruction, is indeed a poor founda- 
tion on which to build a superstructure of 
religion that shall Christianize the world, 
and eradicate the rank materialism. 

It is then for us as volunteers to come 
down out of the realm of theory, in which 
so many live while in college, and actually 
come in touch with life and its problems. 
Today is the day of service. Too many 
volunteers are waiting to serve until they are 
called by the board for service abroad. " By 
their fruits ye shall know them." Much of 
the work on the mission field is similar to 
the work in the Vacation Church School. 
Those who are looking to the foreign field 
will find the Vacation Church School a 
splendid kindergarten in which to prepare 
to meet the emergencies on the mission 
field when they come. 

Volunteers! Can you see in the budding 
youth about you each day the world of to- 
morrow? America's youth is a challenge. 
Will we permit it to flow down through the 
deep ravines of illiteracy, immorality, vice 
and neglect, and on to complete ruin, or 
will we reserve by our efforts the inherent 
energies and capacities and direct them into 
molds and forms of usefulness? Remember 
always that to train a child is to carve a 
monument that time can never efface. Can 
we depend on YOU to do your part in 
evangelizing the unoccupied territories in 
the hearts of boys and girls? 

" Inasmuch as ye did it unto the least of 
these ye did it unto me." 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Note: Considerable difficulty has been 
experienced in securing complete lists of 
our volunteers. We crave your pardon for 
any errors or omissions. A few volunteers 
in pictures are members of other churches. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bethany on the Field 

Pauline Eisenbise and Elnora Schechter 

Since Bethany first opened, many of our 
missionaries have been here in school with 
us. Some have been here for only a short 
time, and others ha\e stayed until their 
work was completed. From all of these 
we have received much inspiration and 
our school has been blessed by their stay 
with us. 

Those having been matriculated in our 
school number seventy. Thirty-six have 
gone to India, twenty-nine to China, four 
to Denmark and one to Sweden. Many of 
these have been in our other colleges. 


Arnold, Elizabeth, B. B. S, 1907-1912; sailed 
1913; Anklesvar, Broach Dist. 

Arnold, Ira S., A. B., B. B. S., 1911. 1912; 
sailed 1913; Anklesvar, Broach Dist.; 
charge of mission station, Vali ; board- 
ing-school work. 

Blickenstaff, Verna, graduate of Illinois 
Training School for Nurses, 1917, B. B. S., 
1911-1914; sailed 1920; Dahanu, Thana 

Brown, Nettie, A. B, B. B. S., 1914-1916; 
sailed 1920; in language study at Vada, 
Thana Dist. 

Butterbaugh, A. G., A. B., B. B. S., 1915- 
1919; sailed 1920; Dahanu, Thana Dist. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha, B. B. S., 1916-1919; 
sailed 1920; Dahanu, Thana Dist.; in 
language study at Bulsar. 

Cottrell, Ravmond, M. D., B. B. S., 1907, 
1908; sailed 1913; on furlough; taking 
post-graduate work in New York. 

Cottrell, Laura, M. D., B. B. S. r 1907, 1908; 
sailed 1913; on furlough; taking post- 
graduate work in New York. 

Ebbert, Ella, A. B., B. B. S., 1915; sailed in 
1917; Dahanu, Thana Dist.; girls' board- 
ing school. 

Eby, Anna, B. B. S., graduate of training 
school, 1912; sailed 1912; on furlough, 
caring for invalid father. 

Eby, E. H., A. B., B. B. S.. B. D., 1915; sailed 
1904; work among English-speaking rail- 
road officials; charge of boarding school, 

Eby, Emma, B. B. S.. 1912-1914; sailed 1904; 

Garner, H. P., B. B. S., graduate of training 
school, 1913; sailed 1916; Vada ; soon 
moving to Palghar. 

Garner, Kathryn, B. B. S. ; sailed 1916. 

Hoffert, A. T., A. B., B. B. S., 1915-1916; 
sailed 1916; temperance and statistical 
work in Bulsar. 

Hollenberg, Fred, A. M., B. B. S., 1918; 
sailed 1920; studving language at Vada. 

Hollenberg, Nora, A. B., B. B. S., 1914-1918; 
sailed 1920; studying language at Vada. 

Kintner, Elizabeth, A. B., B. B. S., 1912-1916; 

sailed 1919; studying language at Bulsar. 
Mohler, Jennie, R. N., B. B. S., 1914-1916; 

sailed 1916; nursing in Bulsar. 
Mow, Anetta, A. B., B. B. S., B. D., 1917; 

sailed 1917; in charge of large boarding 

Nickey, Barbara, M. D., B. B. S., 1907, 1912; 

sailed 1915; charge of Bulsar medical 

Miller, Sadie, B. B. S., 1919, 1920; sailed 

1903; charge of missionary children, 

school at Prospect Point, Landour, Mus- 

soorie, United Provinces, India. 
Pittenger. J. M., B. B. S., 1913, 1914; sailed 

1904 on furlough. 
Pittenger, Florence, B. B. S., 1913; s'ailed 

1904; on furlough. 
Replogle, Sara, B. S. L., from B. B. S., 1919 - 

sailed 1919; Jalalpor. 
Ross, A. W., B. B. S, 1913, 1914; sailed 1904; 

charge of Bulsar church; evangelist 
Ross, Flora, B. B. S., 1913, 1914; sailed 1904 
Shull, Chalmer, A. B., B. D., from B. B. S 

1919; sailed 1919; studying language in 

Shull, Mary, B. B. S., 1916-1919; sailed 1919; 

studying language. 
Swartz, Goldie, A. B., B. S. L., from B. B. 

S., 1915; sailed 1916; on furlough at 

B. B. S. 
Shumaker, Ida, B. B. S., 1918, 1919; sailed 

1910; working in Jalalpor. 
Summer, B. F., A. B., B. B. S. ; sailed 1920; 

studying language. 
Wagoner, Elmer, A. B., B. B. S., B. D., 1919; 

sailed 1920; studying language. 
Wagoner, Ellen, B. B. S., 1906, 1908, 1910, 

1917; sailed 1920; studying language 
Lichty, D. J., A. B., B. B. S., 1910; sailed 

1902; working in Anklesvar, Broach 

Lichty, Nora, B. B. S., 1910; sailed 1902; 

died on furlough, 1919. 


Bowman, Samuel, A. B., B. B. S., 1912; sailed 

1918; educational work at Ping Ting 

Hsien, Shansi. 
Bowman, Pearl, B. B. S., 1908-1912; sailed 

1918; educational work. 
Blough, Anna, B. S. L.. from B. B. S., 1913; 

sailed 1913; women's evangelistic work! 
Bright, Homer, B. B. S., 1907-1910, 1919; 

sailed 1911 ; missionary architect. 
Bright, Minnie, B. B. S., 1907-1910, 1919 • 

sailed 1911. 
Clapper, Grace, B. B. S., graduate from 

training school, 1917; sailed 1917; charge 

of girls' school. Shou Yang. 
Cripe, Winnie. B. B. S.. 1908-1911; sailed 

1911; charge of Sweitzer Memorial Girls' 


(Continued on Page 113) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Members of the Bethany Volunteer Band 

Albrecht, Louis 
Albin, Bertha 
Bastin, Fred 
Bastin, Floyd 
Beahm, Anna 
Beahm, William 
Beck, Olive 
Bechtelheimer, Nellie 
Bixler, Mary 
Bollinger, Elnora 
Boggs, Bertha 
Bomtrager, Clement 
Bowman, Curtis 
Bowman, Mrs. Curtis. 
Bowman, Edith 
Bowman, Galen E. 
Bubb, Edith 
Bucker, Fannie 
Brovver, Cora 
Brubaker, Lila C. 
Breon, Jesse F. 
Conove.r, Artie 
Connell, Ivan 
Cook, Jesse J. 
Click, Orville 
Dotterer, Edna A. 
Douly, Ada 
Dick, Trostle 
Eby, Verna 
Ebbert, Samuel 
Ebbert, Mrs. Samuel 
Eisenbise, Esther 
Eisenbise, Viola 
Eisenbise, Pauline 
Eager, Gertrude 
Fike, Iva 
Fike, Lester 

Fisher, E. R. 

Fisher, Cora 



Funderburg, Drue D. 

Funderburg, Mrs. Drue D. 

Gerdes, Galen G. 

Gerdes, Margaret 

Gerdes, Elberta 

Graham, John F. 

Halladay, Paul 

Harley, Mabel 

Hershey, John 

Hoy, Mary E. 

Hyde, Lewis 

Hyde, Edna R. 

Hylton, Elna 

Huffman, Emma 

Kessler, Agnes. C. 

Keim, Icel 

Kintner, Wayne 

Kinzie, Kenneth 

Little, Elwood 

Knisely,v Nellie 

Leatherman, Lena 

Larson, Otto 

Lauver, Hannah 

Mallott, Floyd 

McCormick, Esther V. 

Mow, Baxter 

Moyer, Glen A. 

Moyer, Lela 

Moyer, Ruth 

Moyer, Elgin 

Moyer, Mrs. Elgin 

Maphis, Omer B. 

Maphis, Elsie 

Messamer, Orlo 
Messamer, Mary 
Metzler, Burton 
Miller, Ethel 
Myers, Earl R. 
Myers, Mrs. Earl R. 
Neal, Pearl C. 
Neher, Minnerva J. 
Nolt, Enos D. 
Nolt, Walter 
O'Delle, Lillie 
Oaks, Phcebe 
Petcher, Marie 
Phillips, George 
Phillyss, Gertrude 
Richter, Pearl 
Richter, Vivian 
Riley, Jobie Hamilton 
Rinehart, Kathryn 
Robertson, Russeil 
Rohrer, Perry 
Rohrer, Ferdi 
Rohrer, Merle 
Royer, Kathryn M. 
Sargent, Lutie 
Sargent, Beulah 
Sargent, Blanche 
Sargent, Galen 
Seager, Nellie 
Schechter, Elnora 
Schwenk, Anna 
Stump, Alma 
Shamberger, Nellie 
Shamberger, C. H. 
Stouder, Farrell 
Schultz, Arthur 

Schultz, Mrs. Arthur Stinebaug 

Shamberger, Jane Stinebaug 

Shull, Jesse C. Stricher, 

Shull, Elsie M. Teach, R 

Members of the Mt. Morris Voluntee 


The Missionary Visitor 


Teach, Mrs. Roy 
C. Thompson, Edna L. 

Timmons, Benj. Willard 
Warner, Ethel 

Warner, Esther 
Will, Stella 
Willoughby, Wm. 
Willoughby, Lillian 

Wirt, Marie 
White, Ralph 
White. Mattie 

Weybright, Edith 
Yoder, Gertrude 
Zuck, Mildred 
Zuck. Ray 

Front Row 

Fouts, Ruth 

Hersch, Elsie* 

Paul, Clifford (Vice Pres.) 

Stauffer, Blanche (Pres.) 

Kessler, Vera 

Second Row 
Snavely, Esther 
Stover, Emmert 
Eikenberry, Ella* 
Brubaker, Alice 
Watson, Francis 
Renis, Lela 

Maust, Neva (Sec'y-treas.) 
Russel, Galen 

Third Row 
Dierdorf, Russell 
Ulery, Ruth 
Sharp, Ruth* 
Stutsman. Bennett 
Hershberger. Verda 
Tamblin. Sadie* 
Wirt, Velma 
Stover, Miriam 
Davis. Eugene* 

Fourth Row 
Lehman, Galen 
Smith. Harry 
McCann, D. J. 
Bechtold, Paul 

Those not in the picture 
Brubaker, Mabel 
Heckman, Clarence 
Frantz, Orpha* 
Gerdes, Wayne 
Hersch, Mae 
Sanford, Bertha 
Gibson, Lucille 
Stover, James 
Grove, Edna* 

*Associate members. 


(Continued from 

X.. B. 

Florv, Edna, R. 

sailed 1917: in 

Flory, Lizzie, B. 

among women, 
Florv, Raymond, 


S.. 1912, 1913; 

B. S 

Liao Chou 

A. B., B. B 

hospital at Ping 
sailed 1914; work 

S.. 1912-1914 

1914 ; evangelistic work at Liao 

Moy, A. B., B. B. S.. 1911-1919; 
1920; pastor in South China. 
W. J.. A. B., B. B. S.. 1914-1916; 
1917; evangelistic work. Shou 

Sue. B. B. S, 1913-1916; sailed 1917; 







Shou Yang. 
Horning, D. L., M. D. 

sailed 1919; medical 
Horning, Martha, B. B. S., 

1919, nursing at Liao Chou. 
Hutchison, Anna, B. B. S.. B. 

1911; women's evangelistic 

Horning, Emma, B. B. S., 1913 

B. B. S.. 1914 
work at Liao 

S. L.; 



sailed 1908; 

charge of women's work at Ping Ting; 
on furlough. 
Metzger, Minerva, A. B.. B. B. S.. 1909, 1917; 
sailed 1910; charge of girls' school, Ping 

Rider, 'Bessie, R. X.. B. B. S.. 1914-1915; 

sailed 1916; medical work at Ping Ting. 

Senger, Nettie, A. B., B. B. S., graduate 

(Continued on Page 123) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Mount Morris on the Field 

THE number of students from Mount 
Morris College engaged in active 
Christian service on the foreign 
field, saying nothing of the home worker, 
bears record of the amount of influence a 
Christian college has upon a student body. 
Not all of our representatives took their 
full work here, but among the thirty-four 
mentioned, eighteen are graduates of the 
academy and seven from the college course. 
Mount Morris is proud to have among her 
number of consecrated workers Eld. W. B. 
Stover, one of the first missionaries of the 
Church of the Brethren and the father of 
the India Mission of the church. 

Twenty-seven years ago (1894) Mount 
Morris College realized her first missiona- 
ries on the field, when W. B. Stover and 
wife saw fit to sail for India, to pursue 
definite Christian work. Bro. Stover is a 
graduate of the seminary department, while 
Sister Stover is a graduate of the academy 
of 1890. They are at present at home on 
furlough, and our volunteer band, is enjoy- 
ing the inspiration and help which they are 
giving us. Bro. Stover will teach a course 
of missions in the college during the last 
semester of this school year. 

The Stovers having opened the road to 
missions, workers have continued to give 
their lives to the cause of taking the Gospel 
of Christ to heathendom. Three years 
later Bro. D. L. Forney, a graduate from 
the academy, and his wife, Anna Shull 
Forney, three years a student, sailed for 
India and are located in Novsari, Surat 

Three sailed in 1900— Bro. Adam Ebey 
and wife, who are now in Ahwa, Dangs 
Forest, and Eliza B. Miller, of Anklesvar, . 
Broach Dist. Bro. Ebey took only two 
years of work here, while Sister Ebey is a 
graduate of the academy. 

In 1902 Bro. D. J. Lichty and wife sailed 
for India, and were home on furlough 
twice. The Mount Morris Missionary 
Society has supported them on the field. 
Both were graduates of the academy. A 
few years ago we were privileged to have 
them in our midst as students, but were 
saddened when Sister Lichty was taken ill 
with the " flu " and died soon afterwards. 

In 1903 Sadie J. Miller, Prospect Point, 
Landour, Mussoorie, United Provinces, 
India, departed for that country. She took 
one year of school work here and has re- 
turned several times on furlough. We 
mention three who sailed in 1904: Bro. A. 
W. Ross and wife, of Bulsar, India, both 
academy graduates in the class of '02, and 
J. M. Pittenger, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, a 
student one year at this place, who is now 
home on furlough. 

Minerva Metzger graduated from the 
academy, and after finishing her preparation 
sailed for the China field in 1910. . She is 
now located at Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. 

In 1913 Ida Buckingham and Anna 
Blough sailed to take up their work in 
Sweden and China, respectively. Miss 
Buckingham, of Oakley, 111., who is now 
home on furlough, is a graduate of the 
academy, 1908. Miss Blough, now in Ping 
Ting Hsien, Shansi, China, also is an acad- 
emy graduate. 

Dr. O. G. Brubaker, North Manchester, 
Ind., who has been a medical missionary in 
China for seven years, now home on fur- 
lough, is a graduate of the academy, 1899. 

The year 1915 saw Dr. Barbara Nickey 
sailing for Bulsar, India, and she is now 
a medical missionary at that place. She 
graduated from the academy in 1906. 

The following year, 1916, Kathryn Bark- 
doll Garner, an academy graduate, now lo- 
cated at Vada, Thana Dist., India, began 
her work in that country. Goldie Swartz, 
of Ashland, Ohio, a graduate from the 
Bible department, '09, also began her 
foreign missionary career. 

The year 1919 witnessed the greatest 
number going out to the field in any one 
year. Those sailing were Arthur Miller 
and wife, Jennie Blough Miller, of Ankles- 
var, Broach Dist., India, both graduates of 
Mount Morris College, he from the acad- 
emy and she from the college; Benj. F. 
Summer, of the same place, took his A. B. 
in 1918; Verna M. B li eke n staff, of Dahanu, 
Thana Dist., India, a trained nurse, gradu- 
ated from Mount Morris College in 1909; 
Andrew Butterbaugh, and wife, Dahanu, 
Thana Dist., India, are graduates, he from 

(Continued on Page 123) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Rear Row, left to right 

Holsopple, Clarence 
Brightbill, Alvin 
Moyer, Kathryn 
Beck, Lamen 
Ziegler, Emma (corre- 
sponding secretary)- 
Myers, Daniel 
Crouse, Mary 
Brandt, Ira 
Reber, Minerva 

Members of the Elizabethtown Volunteer Band 

Next Row, left to right Next Row, left to right Next Row, left to right 

Ziegler, Edward (treasurer)Miller, Roy Bittinge 

Hackman, Vera 
Barr, Francis 
Roycr, B. Mary 
Baugher, A. C. 
Martin, Martha 
Weaver, Grant 
Moyer, Laura 
Bittinger, Foster 

Reber, Jesse (Vice-presi-Hershey, Laura (recording 

dent) secretary) 

Brightbill, David Moyer, Florence 

Royer, Chester H. (Presi-Nies, Lottie (librarian) 

dent) Walker, Stella 

Royer, Mrs Chester H. Those not fa the picture 

Meyer, Nathan , . , . 

Wenger, Ezra Meyer, Ephraim (chorister) 

Weaver, Enos Baugher, Mrs. A. C. 

Elizabethtown on the Field 

Vera R. Hackman 

WITH a student body of one hundred 
and- eighty, and sixteen of our 
former students and teachers in 
active service on foreign fields, we feel that 
the motto of our school, " Educate for 
Service," is being more fully realized each 

Our service flag, with its crosses repre- 
senting those who have gone to five differ- 
ent countries, is a silent reminder to each of 
us. It tells us that we, too, should choose 
to live up to the highest ideals we can 
possibly cherish. 

The first of our number to sail was J. M. 
Pittenger (A. B. Juniata), leaving for India 
in 1904. We claim him as one of us because 
of his great silent influence among the 
students while a teacher here. He is now 
home on furlough. 

Kathryn Ziegler finished the English 
Bible course in 1908 and is now carrying on 
evangelistic work in the Indian villages. 
Although her educational training, as far 
as school work is concerned, has been 
limited, her experience has been a grtat 
asset to her. 


The Missionary Visitor 


B. Mary Royer (India) is now mingling 
with us in class room and society hall. She 
finished the English Bible course and later 
took work at the Bible Teachers' Training 
School in New York. 

Sara G. Replogle completed the English 
Bible course in 1914. She is now engaged 
in the study of the Indian language. 

Nora Reber Hollenberg (A. B. Mt. 
Morris) is a graduate of the pedagogical 
course (Pd. B.). She, too, is in language 

Henry L. Smith took his Pd. B. in 1909 
and later sailed for Sarhassa, India, under 
the Brethren in Christ Board. He is now 
home on furlough. 

I. E. Oberholtzer (A. B. Juniata, B. D. 
Union Theological Seminary) was born 
near Elizabethtown. He finished the col- 
lege preparatory course in 1906. He is now 
located in Ping Ting, China. 

Bessie M. Rider completed the advanced 
commercial course at Elizabethtown and 
later the nurses' training course at the Lan- 
caster General Hospital. Our Chinese Hos- 
pital is now receiving the benefits of her 
well-planned preparation. 

Mary Schaeffer (A. B. Manchester) fin- 
ished the English scientific course in 1913. 
We are sure that her courage and initiative 
fit just as admirably into Chinese situations 
as into those in the homeland. 

Charles Shoop (A. B. Findlay) completed 
the college preparatory course in 1905. He 
sailed for Canton under the United Breth- 
ren Church Board. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Graybill are now lo- 
cated in Sweden. They spent a few years 
on the hill, Mr. Graybill completing the 
Bible course. 

W. E. Glasmire (Denmark) completed 
both the music teachers' and voice courses. 
He was both student and faculty member. 

Mrs. Glasmire completed the piano, 
English scientific (B. E.) and pedagogical 
(Pd. B.) courses. Like her husband, she 
was both student and teacher. 

Emma Smith Climenhaga and Lester 
Myers, both students at Elizabethtown, are 
laboring in Africa, having been sent out by 
the Brethren in Christ Board. 

The prospects are very encouraging. 
During the coming years many who are 
now in preparation will be going out to 
their fields of service, and year by year 
more will be coming to prepare. 

Truly the greatest things of life are not 
honor, not fame, not wealth, not social 
prestige, not personal influence, not great 
attainments, but a life living its biggest, 
richest, and fullest it can possibly live for 
God; for if you choose less than your best 
ideal you will live less than your best. 

Bridgewater on the Field 

Olive Wampler 

seventeen workers representing her 
on the foreign field. Of this number 
thirteen are located at various points and 
stations in China, while the four remaining 
ones are toiling in the vast and needy fields 
of India. 

Brother I. S. and Sister Efne Long are 
located at the Vyara, via Surat station, in 
India. Bro. Long has the B. A. degree and 
Sister Long the B. E. degree from Bridge- 
water College. Their work at the present 
time is mainly of a teaching and evangelical 

Bro. M. M. Myers (B. A. from B. C; B. 
D. and M. A. from Vanderbilt University) 
and his wife, Sarah Ziegler Myers (B. S. 

from Peabody College), are helping in the 
educational work at Shou Yang, Shansi, 
China. They have not as yet been assigned 
to a station for definite and permanent 

Howard Lee Alley (B. A. from B. C; 
M. A. from Mt. Union College) and Sister 
Hattie Miller Alley (B. E. from B. C.) are 
located at Dahanu, Thana Dist., India, 
where they have charge of the evangelistic 

Valley Virginia Miller received her B. A. 
degree from Bridgewater College in May, 
1919. She is now attending the North China 
Language School, Peking. She is putting 
forth great effort to master the language of 


The Missionary Visitor 


the people among whom her future labors 
will largely take place. 

Mary E. Cline (B. A. from B. C; M. A. 
from Vanderbilt University) is also attend- 
ing the language school at Peking. Her 
work is to be chiefly educational. 

Bro. Ernest Wampler (B. A. from B. C.) 
and his wife are stationed at Liao Chou, 
Shansi, China. Bro. Wampler is engaged 
in evangelistic work at this point. Sister 
Wampler has been ill for some time, but is 
improving, and hopes to be able to assist 
more efficiently in the work before long. 

Edna R. Flory, a graduate in the nurses' 
course at Frances Willard Hospital, Chica- 
go, is ably assisting in the hospital at Ping 
Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. Her field is 
one in which many opportunities for serv- 
ice are always open. 

Dr. Fred J. Wampler (B. A. from B. C; 
M. D. from Rush Medical College, Uni- 

versity of Chicago) and his wife, Rebecca 
Skeggs Wampler, are at Ping Ting. Dr. 
Wampler has charge of the medical work 
there and is rendering a wonderful service 
to these ignorant and poor people. Sister 
Wampler is a faithful and sympathetic 
helper to her husband in this strenuous 

Bro. Byron Flory (B. A. from B. C.) and 
his wife, Nora Philips Flory (B. A. from 
B. C), are located at Shou Yang, Shansi, 
China, where Bro. Flory has charge of the 
boys' educational wOrk. Sister Flory as- 
sists in the teaching. 

Bro. Norman Seese (B. A. and M. A. from 
B. C.) and Sister Anna Bowman Seese (B. 
A. and M. A. from B. C.) are located at 
Mission Station, Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

All of the China workers are more or 

(Continued on Page 123) 



Members of the Bridgewater Volunteer Band 

Benett, I. L. Wampler, Olive Fifer, Jesse 

Cline, Ruth I. West, Russell G. Hess, Homer 

Cline, Florence Arnold. Bessie Hess, Virgie 

Conner, Mildred L. Byrd, R. L. Harlow, Geo. W. 

Craun, Eva Blough, Leslie Harlow, Mrs. Geo. W. 

Flory, Anna Bowman, Rufus D. Harley, Nora 

Glick, J. Paul Conner, Lola Kline, Wilmer 

Huffman, Elmer Craun, Earnest Layman, Dwight 

Jamison. Stella Cline, Ollie Mae Loar, M. D. 

Kerlin, Ollie Clark, R. E. Miller, J. Quinter 

Kiracofe, E. S. Driver, Anna Maupin, Lottie 

Kline, Alvin Diehl, Paul Petrie, Goldie 

Miller, Ina Evers, Manola Rodeffer, Charles 

Myers, Hettie Edmonson, Harry Rodeffer, Selah 

Pence, Mable Flory, Weldon 

Roller, John 
Roller, Mark 
Ruckman, Nettie 
Rusmisell, Edgar 
Sanger, Lillie 
Showalter, Mary 
Showalter, Russell 
Smith, C. H. 
Thomas, Ethel 
Wampler, Hatty 
Williar, F. E. 
Williar, Mrs. F. E. 
Yagel, Cameron G. 
Yagel, Mrs. Cameron G. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Beahm, Estelle 
Beahm, Ruth 
Beer, Jennie 
Beer, Wilbur 
Bowers, George 
Bowman, Lera 
Cassel, Ada 

Members of the Blue Ridge Volunteer Band 

Coffman, McKinley 
Coffman, Walter 
Dotterer, Ruth 
Fahrney, Elizabeth 
Howe, Ruth 
Jones, Gladys 
Jones, Ollie 

Miller, C. O. 
Miller, Mrs. C. O. 
Rittenhouse, Joseph 
Robinson, Iowa 
Royer, Milton 
Royer, Naomi 
Shanklin, William 

Showalter. Carrie 
Utz, Ruth 
Warner, Norman 
Whitacre, Joseph 
Wilson," Milliard 
Wilson, Norman 
Zuck, Paul 

Blue Ridge on the Field 

Mrs. Edith Barnes 

SOME years ago the door of oppor- 
tunity did not open so wide to the 
service on the foreign field as it does 
in our college today. The call did not come 
so frequently nor so loudly as it does now, 
when we have a more vital relation to the 
needs of the work and the service of the 
workers through the Volunteer Band. 

In those days there came to the college 
Sister Anna Hutchison, of the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, seeking to know God's 
will for her life more directly, and to pre- 
pare for the work to which she would be 
led. In 1906 she graduated in the outlined 
Bible course, and later spent three years at 
Bethany Bible School. In the fall of 1913 
she began working in the China field at 
Liao Chou. Work among the women there 
has engaged her deepest concern, and calls 
for the far-reaching love, sacrifice and de- 
votion that are a part of the mission work- 

er's character. Visiting, reading and teach- 
ing in the homes is the vital way of reach- 
ing China's women. This means slow prog- 
ress and a long, hard pull, but Sister 
Hutchison with patience and trust waits 
and works for the outcome in definite results. 
Some homes have gladly welcomed her, 
while others have forbidden her entrance. 
As they learn to read they learn of Jesus, 
and many have been baptized. Even the 
educated teachers have learned to know 
Jesus and accept him as a personal Savior. 
During this past year it was possible to 
have the women come together daily for 
two months and be taught. There the rich 
and poor, the old and young, eagerly and 
earnestly learned to read of Jesus. At the 
end of the session fifteen of them received 
diplomas, one being the mistress of the 
second most wealthy home in the city. 
In 1904 Holly P. Garner graduated from 


The Missionary Visitor 


Blue Ridge College in the commercial course. 
Soon he had a position in the business 
world, but his interest in a Sunday-school 
class and in the study of missions domi- 
nated. He was led to seek a training in 
preparation for more definite service for 
the kingdom. Accordingly he spent four 
years in Bethany Bible School, where there 
came an extended vision of the fields across 
the seas, and a purpose to be used in help- 
ing to fulfill the need there. It was through 
the efforts of Bro. Garner and his wife. 
Kathryn Barkdoll Garner, while they were 
at Blue Ridge, that the Volunteer Band was 
organized in the year 1913-14. 

The Garners sailed to India in the fall of 
1916. December 28, 1917. they went to 
Yada, where they and Sister Josephine 
Powell have been working. This station 
was opened in 1905 by Brother and Sister 
Berkebile. So remotely is Vada situated 
that Bro. Garners have found the Ford car 
very useful. Vada has a population of 44,- 
572 — 1,121 of whom are literate. There is 
a church with a membership of 159 (Decem- 
ber, 1919) and 151 enrolled in Sunday- 
school. Thirty-six of these have been bap- 
tized. There is work to be done, and the 
task is not easy. 

Thus far two have gone to the foreign 
field from Blue Ridge. In the future we 
hope to tell of the work of those who are 
now in preparation for service on the 
foreign field. Until then may we serve 
while we prepare, keeping before us the 
fact that " the greatest blessing is to touch 
souls for God!" 

Mcpherson on the field 

(Continued from Page 105) 

P. S. Goertz. A. B.. '14, (and wife) were 
in mission work in South China, but due to 
ill health they came home and he is now in 
Yale doing graduate work. 

A. T. Hoffert. A. B.. '14. is located at 
Bulsar, India. 

Ella Ebbert, A. B.. '14. is doing educa- 
tional work at Dahanu, India. 

Fred Hollenberg, A. M.. '18 (A. B.. La 
Verne), is at Vada, India. 

Lulu Ullom, A. B., '17. is in educational 
work at Ping Ting Hsien. China. 

H. Frances Davidso;. is located at 
Choma, South Africa. 

Alice H. Lehman, Church of the Breth- 
ren in Christ, also is in South Africa. 

Alice Vogt, A. B., '17, in educational work 
in Ceylon. 

Members of the Daleville Volunteer Band 

1. Bowman, Price E. 

2. Eller, Sadie 

3. Presley, Glen 

4. Sutphin, Gladys 

5. Bowman. Stover D. 

6. Brugh. Mrs. Berta • 

7. Willard. O. H. 

8. Clingenpeel, Marvin 

9. Myers, Dessie 

10. Spangler, H. C. 

11. Webster, Ruth 

12. Fleshman, Dewey 

13. Eller, A. C. 

14. Bowman, Julia 

15. Woodie, E. C. 

16. Woodie, Mrs. E. I 

17. Flora, J. Parker 

18. ShickeJ, Elsie 

19. Ikenberry, C. S. 


The Missionary Visitor 



JjmttP fjtf lis 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Special Days in a Rural Church: Their Value 

E. F. Sherfy 

WHATEVER makes for social and 
spiritual unity and homogeneity in 
any community makes for the 
common good of all and for the kingdom 
of God. Whatever makes the largest com- 
mon appeal to that end, if it is a legitimate 
thing, has a right to our serious consider- 

If we make the kingdom of God the one 
great end and purpose of our lives, and if 
we, through prayer for Spirit guidance, ex- 
ercise wisdom we can discern what things, 
not in themselves decidedly "religious," can 
be used for religious, spiritual " ends " in 
God's kingdom. 

I desire to emphasize the fact that unity 
of purpose and common interest in any 
good cause cannot be expected unless there 
is what I shall call common ground. Does 
religion furnish us with that " common 
ground " upon which we may build a com- 
munity social and spiritual structure? That 
all depends upon the connotation we put 
upon the word " religion." If by that term 
we mean a something which is many-sided; 
which under the hand of God and in the 
heart of man touches all of life to make it 
richer and sweeter, as I think it should, 
then I say, " Yes, religion gives that com- 
mon ground." But if religion means simply 
what we generally think of it as meaning, I 
say " No." 

Perhaps I have not made myself clear on 
the term " common ground." To illustrate, 
there are many things in which all are 
interested, and rightly so; there are many 
things all people do and can do together, 
regardless of " faiths " or no faith. All are 
interested in good health, in economic wel- 
fare, in good roads and transportation 
facilities, in the question of schools and 
education, etc. People who have not yet 

learned to worship our Father together can, 
nevertheless, weep together, as in sickness 
and death; the}'- can laugh together to ad- 
vantage; they can play together — and sure- 
ly God put the play instinct within us, to 
be rightly used to his glory; they can study 
together on some social or economic prob- 
lem; they can sing together (especially the 
young people), as in a community singing 
class; they can eat togehter — and what 
social value in just that! 

And now, what I shall say further in this 
article will be by way of illustrating how 
we may capitalize these common interests 
by setting apart special days for special 
community affairs. 

Some of our rural churches are having 
yearly harvest meetings. A missionary ser- 
mon, a basket dinner, an afternoon pro- 
gram, suitable decorations made of products 
of the field — these things make a truly 
worth-while meeting. Sometimes these 
meetings are of the nature of fall festivals. 
Prof. Galpin, a rural sociologist, says that 
" as a general medium of social intercourse, 
after harvest time, when the rural spirit is 
mellow and roseate, the community festi- 
val has no competitor. It gives impetus to 
the best agricultural methods and rounds 
out the social consciousness." Some com- 
munities work this in cooperation with the 
schools. A girl or boy who does his oi- 
lier best to win a prize ; who brings the prod- 
uct of a summer's toil to vie with others 
in laurels for the best, has taken a long 
step toward good citizenship. 

I have known of a desire for better roads 
to be the occasion for a special day to dis- 
cuss and plan for improved highways over 
which people travel in getting to and from 
church activities. The " royal road " to 


The Missionary Visitor 


glory becomes more accessible if our dirt 
roads are made at least passable. 

Some have asked, " What about a water- 
melon feed on the church lawn, or a fathers 
and sons' supper in the basement?" Can 
Jesus smile on these things? Study his 
life and answer for yourself. His greatest 
eulogy was the criticism: "He eats with 
sinners." He went to their feasts. He pro- 
vided wine (not " booze " of course) for 
one feast. He was a good mixer. If he 
were here now I should expect to see him 
at a fathers and sons' banquet, a Sunday- 
school picnic or a boys' hike — not all the 
time, of course, but sometimes. In fact, I 
do see him at such places, using them to 
his glory. I have seen boys at a banquet, 
never before inside the church to hear a 
gospel message, and they got the message, 

Rural churches in Kansas (and this is 
likely the case elsewhere) can have three- 
day farmers' institutes with instructors 
from the State college without a cent of 
expense. Here home nursing may be 
taught. I am sure Jesus, who healed the 
sick, would approve of a nursing class. And 
"better farming"! Why, bless you, let's 
help our farmers " to raise more corn, to 
feed more hogs, to make more money to " 

— to — feed more starving, 

to send more missiona- 
ries; for "how shall they 
preach except they be 
sent," and how shall they 
be- sent without money? 
O brethren, I wish in my 
heart we could cease talk- 
ing about these things as 
being " secular." M y 
prayer is that every fur- 
row may be turned with 
the spiritual moldboard of 
the prayer, "Thy king- 
dom come"; and that 
every golden wheat sheaf 
would mean that much 
more for the precious 
sheaves we are to garner 
for eternity! 

Some churches are hav- 
ing what they call yearly 
community days: A pro- 
gram for the forenoon — 
something solid and uplift- 

ing; a basket dinner for all; an afternoon pro- 
gram, partly entertainment, perhaps; super- 
vised play for the children; "indoor" base- 
ball on the lawn for the men and boys be- 
tween program features, and a program at 
night. This sort of a day will bring peo- 
ple by the scores and hundreds and knit 
the neighborhood together as few things 
will. Try it! 

The value of children's days and chil- 
dren's programs at Easter or Christmas, or 
whenever, cannot be overestimated. Yes, 
it takes work, but where can you better 
invest your strength than with the chil- 
dren? Sometimes a short program to run 
from 11 to 11:30 A. M., to be followed by 
a strong sermon, is sufficient to make a 
" special day " and draw an unusual crowd 
to hear God's message. 

And, brethren, I would to God we still 
observed those " special days " called " old- 
time " love feasts. We used to drive all 
day to get there, stay two days and take a 
day to return. But I suppose the advent 
of the automobile has forever spoiled that. 
We are living too fast; we are working so 
hard, paying our debts incurred by owning 
autos and such things — yes, things, just 
things — that we haven't time any more for 
such special days. Be that as it may, let's 

Conway, Kansas, Sewing School 

(This school continued two weeks with five days a week. Each 
woman received expert instruction from the professional seamstresses 
of the State Agricultural College. Cost was the boarding of the teachers.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


do our best yet to make the most of the 
love-feast day as one of the " special " — 
very " special " — community days, for it 
has in it in God's own most hallowed way, 
the great principles of .unity and brother- 
hood, upon which we must build our com- 
munity life if we build to last. 

I am indebted to a book on Sunday- 
school pedagogy for the story of a boy 
who took no interest in Sunday-school. His 
only interest was his pet pigeons. Imagine 
his surprise and new interest in things 
religious when his Sunday-school teacher 
told the wonderful story of the pigeon 
(dove) and the ark; for, lo, the teacher, 
yes, and even the Bible, seemed to take an 
interest in what he was interested in, and 
is it strange that thereafter he was interest- 
ed in Sunday-school? The application is 

This homely illustration in my closing 
lines: Ensilage is a splendid milk-produc- 
ing food. When I once went to extra • 
trouble and expense to procure this feed 
for my one humored cow, I thought she 
would immediately congratulate herself, 
thank me, in cow language, and "pitch in to 
it." But how provoked was I because she 
would scarcely touch it! I was almost 
ready to say to her, " See here, old lady, 
you eat that or nothing." But no; that 
would soon mean a " dry " cow if she could 
not be induced to eat. I finally took a 
wiser course. She gladly would have eaten 
" cane," but that, with the seed still on the 
stalk, is not good for a milk-producing cow. 
I therefore decided that I would neither 
humor her as to what she liked best, nor 
try to force her to eat what she did not 
relish. I just fed her good alfalfa and 
kept the ensilage continually before her. 
Now she is just " crazy " after it, and my 
grief is that my pocketbook does not allow 
a sufficient quantity of that delicacy to satis- 
fy her converted taste. Behold the parable 
of the silage! Why can we not be as wise 
in God's kingdom as in earthly things? 
We need not humor our neighborhoods by 
providing everything they may want, 
whether for their good or no. Neither 
need we say " take this " (my brand) in my 
way or take nothing. 

A certain church " out West " was at the 
point of giving up. A pastor was secured. 

Today it is flourishing; dozens have been 
baptized. Why success where all was fail- 
ure? An observing business man of the 
neighborhood answered that question by 
saying: " Now they no longer try to do it 
all from the pulpit. They put on an all- 
year-round program, which the neighbor- 
hood can appreciate." They had had plenty 
of-good preaching, but they had never taken 
an interest in the " pigeons." They had 
shoveled out the " silage " and said, " Take 
this or nothing." And they took nothing. 
May God help us to meet our communities' 
needs so as to bring in his kingdom. 
Conway, Kans. 

An Omission 

In the last issue the suggested " Rural 
Life Library of Seven Books " ought to 
have been credited to the December Home- 
lands, Presbyterian Board of Home Mis- 


(Continued from Page 102) 
By its contribution to the interest and pro- 
gram of Annual Conference, it aids much in 
bringing the students more vitally in touch 
with the church and her problems. Since 
there have been sporadic tendencies to dis- 
parity between the church herself and the 
colleges which have arisen without official 
church initiative, no influence for greater 
harmony between the two should be held 
in light regard. 

Then, also, it works for unity by foster- 
ing a " Brethren-student " consciousness. 
There is scarcely another force that tends 
to knit the students of all our schools to- 
gether in any vital unity. But since the 
traveling-secretary has been making his 
visits, there are being woven, hither and 
thither through our entire student life, 
threads of common interest. 

The result of this spirit of unity between 
students and church has been most happy 
in bringing the leakage between " volun- 
teers " and " missionaries " to a minimum. 
In the early days of volunteering among 
our schools, the bands were organized on a 
basis of devotion rather than of definite and 
common purpose. There arose the cry, 
" Look at all the volunteers! Why are 


The Missionary Visitor 


there no more missionaries? " This was 
not an altogether undeserved criticism. But 
the United Student Volunteers has changed 
the standard of volunteering to more prac- 
tical purpose. The supposed leakage of 
today is really due to the fact that many of 
the students volunteered with a four to nine 
years' program before them, in pursuit of 
which they are now engaged. 

Then, too, the volunteer is kept in close 
touch with the Mission Board under which 
he will serve. Thus, his practical plans can 
take shape as his preparation continues, 
and leakage is looked out of countenance. 

Over and above all else, the United Stu- 
dent Volunteers stands for the highest serv- 
ice in God's kingdom and each of us should 

" I ask no heaven till earth be thine, 
Xo glory crown, while work of mine 

Remaineth here. 
When earth shall shine among the stars, 
Her sins wiped out, her captives free, 
For crown, more work give thou to me, 

Lord, here am I." 

Chicago, 111. 


(Continued from Page 113) 

training school, 1912 ; sailed 1916; evan- 
gelistic work at Liao Chou. 
Schaeffer, Mary, B. B. S., 1913, 1914; sailed 

1917; work among women, Shou Yang. 
Sollenberger, O. C, A. B., B. D., from B. 

B. S., 1919; sailed 1919; Ping Ting Hsien. 
Sollenberger, Hazel. B. B. S., 1918, 1919; 

sailed 1919; Ping Ting Hsien. 
Shick, Martha, B. B. S. ; Independent 

worker in South China; education among 

Heckman, Minna, B. B. S., 1907-1911, 1920- 

21, 1914-15; sailed 1911; teacher of Beth- 
any kindergarten. 
Heckman, B. F., B. B. S., 1907-1911; member 

of faculty 1910-11; sailed 1911; died in 

service at Ping Ting, 1912. 
Hilton, George, B. B. S., 1907-1908; sailed 

1908; pastoral work in California. 
Hilton, Blanche, B. B. S., 1907-1908; sailed 


Esbensen, Niels, B. B. S., 1918-1920; sailed 

Esbensen, Christine, B. B. S., 1918-1920; 

sailed 1920. 
Wine, A. F., Oak Park, 111.; B. B. S., 1912- 

Wine, Attie, Oak Park, 111., B. B. S. 

Buckingham, Ida, B. B. S., B. S. L., 1921; 
sailed 1913; on furlough. 


(Continued from Page 114) 

the college course, she from the academy, 
and J. E. Wagoner, of Vyara, via Surat, 
India, who took his A. B. degree in 1917. 
The following year, 1920, Mount Morris 
College was again well represented by 
Chalmer Shull and wife, Mary Speicher 
Shull, of Vada, Thana Dist., India, both 
college graduates, and Harlan Smith and 
wife, Frances Sheller Smith, of Peking, 
China, who are now learning the language. 
He graduated from college in '17, and took 
one year of seminary work in '19-'20. She 
is a graduate of the academy, '20. 

Lynn Blickenstaff sailed in February to 
India. He went as an expert accountant. He 
received one year of business training at 
Mount Morris College, 1907-1908. 

We must not fail to mention our promi- 
nent missionary, B. F. Heckman, who died 
some years ago in China. He graduated 
from the academy here, took two years of 
college work, 190O-'O3, and was successful- 
ly serving his mission in China when he 
was asked to give his life. Mina Mote 
Heckman, 3435 W. Van Buren St., Chicago, 
111., the widow of Bro. B. F. Heckman, took 
one year with us. 

A complete list can not be given in de- 
tail, but this brief discussion brings to our 
minds thirty-four, who have caught the 
vision of the great commission, " Go ye 
into all the world." Mount Morris has 
manifested her missionary spirit in the 
past, and the existing interest and enthu- 
siasm in the work proves that she will con- 
tinue to be well represented among the 
numbers sailing in coming years. We are 
inspired when we read of the success of 
our missionaries and are anxious to be real 
participants in the great work mapped out 
on the mission field. 


(Continued from Page 117) 

less connected with the famine relief work 
at the present time. 

May God bless these workers, who are 
so faithfully serving their Master on the 
field, and may Bridgewater College con- 
tinue to send out, from time to time, those 
who will aid in accomplishing the big task 
of " world evangelization." 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Boys and Girls of Africa 

Ruth Royei 

IF the boys and girls of America could 
look down on Africa from an aeroplane 
they would see many narrow pathways 
leading from village to village. These are 
the roads of Africa. The footpaths have 
been worn deep for years by the feet of 
slaves quarrying ivory, rubber, gold and 
other products to the coast, and by warriors 
going out to battle with an emeny. If one 
of these paths is followed it will lead to a 
village, which is similar to other villages 
in Africa. Several hundred people live in 
the village and the leader is called the chief. 
He has a home larger than the rest. 

The homes of the Africans are huts, and 
although in parts of Africa they differ, yet 
in the building they follow the same gen- 
eral plan. Some are round; others square 
or rectangular. The walls are made by 
putting sticks into the ground and filling in 
the space between with mud and grass. 
The ceiling is covered with palm poles, 
with grass woven in the spaces. Sometimes 
over this is placed a covering of skins, thus 
making the hut waterproof. The only open- 
ing into the hut is a small, low door, to go 
through which one has to stoop. In the cen- 
ter of the hut is found the fire. Here the 
mother may be seen getting the meal. The 
smoke from the fire fills the hut and escapes 
through the door. To American boys and 
girls this smoke would be blinding, but our 
African brothers and sisters do not seem to 
mind it. After the meal is prepared the food 
is placed in a large earthen bowl around 
which the family gather. They have no 
knives or forks, but like the father, who eats 
first, they dip their hands into the food, 
roll it into a ball, and, opening their mouths 
as wide as possible, thrust 'n the large ball 
of mush. In some parts of Africa the most 
refined or polished person is the one who 
can make the most noise during the meal 
and take the largest amount in the mouth. 

Child life in Africa would seem very 
fascinating to the American boys and girls. 
Could any of you experience it, you would 
not be so delighted with its freedom. From 
earliest infancy, before the baby has learned 
to creep, it is slung on its mother's 
back and carried off to the garden, for in 
Africa the mothers and sisters do all the 
work ' in the gardens and fields. In the 
first dawning consciousness of the baby it 
looks up to the load of potatoes that the 
mother carries on her head, which varies 
according to the time of the day — some- 
times several baskets of produce, some- 
times firewood or a pot of water. Often 
the little one is sprinkled with water as the 
pot is jerked during the course of the 
garden work. It is not long before the 
child learns gracefully to carry an awkward 
load on its head, and if the child is a girl, 
she will have to work in the garden and 
carry loads the rest of her life. 

When the mother reaches the garden she 
lays the little one down under a shrub and 
goes to work at hoeing. If the little one 
cries she comes to it and satisfies it. When 
it does not stop crying she swings it on her 
back and continues working, thus making 
a capital cradle for the baby as she sways 
back and forth at her work. Very soon 
the child can crawl about, picking up and 
eating everything it lays its hands on. The 
mother never interferes unless it gets a 
poisonous plant. So the little fellow in 
early infancy learns to eat most anything. 
Often a caterpillar is seized or a frog is 
chased, and thus the child gets an accurate 
knowledge of what is good to eat. Some- 
times the babies are given beer to keep 
them from crying. 

If the baby be a girl she helps her mother 
until she is married. She learns to hoe, 
sow, plant and cook. She is the slave of 
Africa. She is owned by her father and 


The Missionary Visitor 


sold to the man she marries, who may 
already have many wives. Often she is 
bargained for before she is born. She has 
no chance to play games or have good times 
with the other girls. From the moment 
she learns to carry loads her life is one 
of continual drudgery. Her clothes? Up 
to the day she is married, which generally is 
in the early teens, she wears a string of 
beads around her waist. When she marries 
she puts on an apron, made from leather or 
the bark of trees. If she is lucky enough 
to marry a kind husband she may have 
ornaments: bracelets, earrings, noserings, 
and beads. 

While the girl is taught to be useful in 
getting and preparing the food, the boy is 
instructed by his mother while she is in 
the garden to take care of himself. He 
becomes a hunter on a small scale. And 
now it is great delight for him to go into 
the woods with the other boys. All day 
long they roam about, no school, no beating, 
no anything — liberty — liberty — unless per- 
haps they hit another boy and make the 
blood come; then there is a palaver. In the 
woods they watch the ants at work, see 
squirrels spring from tree to tree, bound 
after monkeys from branch to branch, and 
follow the track of the antelope through the 
bush. In their young boyhood they delight 
in catching rats. So the mother does not 
lack for meat for the boy's cassava pudding 
(favorite food). 

At about eight years of age the boy 
leaves his mother and builds his own hut or 
goes to live with some bigger boys. He 
is too big to have anything to do with his 
mother, except sometimes when he is 
hungry. At this time, he begins to wear a 
cloth about his waist and the older men 
take notice of him. He accompanies them 
on their trading journeys to town. They use 
him for a drudge. However, he gets a lit- 
tle pay. He is taught the rites and ceremo- 
nies of his tribe and is now considered a 

The life of the African boys may seem 
to some of you jolly and full of freedom; 
no lessons to learn, no hands and face to 
wash, no work to do. But they are not 
happy. Their wanderings are aimless, for 
they have no one to guide them, no one 
to tend them or interest them, no one to 
nurse them when they are sick. When they 

are sick, a fetish doctor is called. He rubs 
his hands over the feverish body and mut- 
ters strange words. There is no one to give 
the sick child a drink of cool water or sing 
a sweet lullaby. The cause of the illness is 
thought to be evil spirits, and to chase 
these away, drums are beaten, and a weird 
fetish dance begins, but this only makes the 
sufferer more feverish. And as the shout- 
ing and screaming of the dancing in- 
crease, the little fellow dies, killed by ex- 
posure and cold. This is not intentional 
cruelty, but is dark, dark ignorance. 

In one part of Africa, when the chief of 
the village died, two little boys walked 
around his bier all night to keep away the 
evil spirits. The next day they were killed 
and buried with the chief, so they could 
serve him in his after life. 

These African children are anxious for 
the gospel message. In the mission schools 
they learn quickly, and a few have come to 
American universities, where they have 
graduated with high honors. These young 
men and women go back to Africa to carry 
the message of Christ's Love to their super- 
stitious, ignorant brothers and sisters. And 
Christ loves them, too, for I think, as he 
gathered the little children into his arms so 
many years ago, one was an African child. 


(The following is taken from the Sun Ning Maga- 
zine, a bimonthly heathen publication, Hoi Shan 
City, Canton, China.) 

Three American wisemen just came to 
China on a trip around the world. They 
took the boat to Hong Kong, then a small 
boat from there to Pak Kai, then a Sun 
Ning train to Chung Lau, Tao Shou, Quong 
Hai, Sun Tai, and Hoy How. On Nov. 2 
(Chinese count) they went to Quong Hai 
to see the great wall there. The people 
came out to meet them and Moy Gwong, 
who was with them. Moy Gwong was a 
student at Manchester College and gradu- 
ated there. Then they passed through a 
village called Naw Jung Tun. There is 
a high school here. They went in to visit 
it. The teacher, Loy Hung Mun, made a 
good speech to thank them for coming. 
Mr. Williams and Mr. Yoder both preached. 

(Continued on Page 128) 



The Missionary Visitor 



Corrections: See March Visitor: — Under China Fa- 
mine, N. E. Kansas— credit of $2.00 to Ozawkie Aid 
Society should have been to Maria M. Keim and for 
World-Wide Missions. 

During the month of February, the Board sent 
out 23,475 pages of tracts. The following contribu- 
tions to the Board's funds were received during 


California— $147.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: M. S. Frantz (M. N.), $ 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, $144; Indv.: 
Annetta Yarger, $2; Elder J. Z. Gilbert, 50c, 146 50 
Colorado — $78.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Rocky Ford, 78 00 

Idaho— $12.00 

Cong.: Nampa, 12 00 

Illinois— $543.29 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $40.79; 
Wm. H. Lampin & Wife (Polo), $500, 540 79 

So. Dist., Indv.: Eld. D. J. Blickenstaff 

(M. N.), 50c; Ezra Bowman, $2; 2 50 

Indiana— $51.59 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mexico, $7.50; Man- 
chester, $20; Indv.: Mary L. Himes, $1; 
John E. Miller, 50c; Jas. R. Hunter, $10; 
Jos. A. Ulrich and Wife, $5 44 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: English Prairie, 4 59 

So. Dist., Indv.: John Herr 3 00 

Iowa— $68.66 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Panther Creek, $19.66; 
Indv.: Philip Moland, $29; Dr. S. B. Miller 
(M. N.), 50c; S. W. Garber (M. N.), 50c,.. 49 66 

No. Dist., Indv.: Samuel Fike, $12; Mrs. 

C. A. Shook, $2 14 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: S. Schlotman and Wife, 5 00 

Kansas— $200.00 

S. W. Dist., Bible Normal, McPherson 

College 20000 

Maryland— $118.04 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Hagerstown, $43.44; 
Indv.: John A. Myers, $5, 48 44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Dam, $15; Blue 
Ridge (Pipe Creek), $10; Indv.: Blue Ridge 

College, $44.60, 69 60 

Michigan— $34.52 

S. S.: Hart, $23.52; Indv.: Lyman Wilcox, 
$1; D. S. Kniesley, $5; Miss Amanda Wer- 

tenberger, $5, 34 52 

Minnesota— $1.00 

Indv.: A Family, 100 

Missouri— $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: Mary J. Mays 5 00 

Nebraska— $100.00 

Cong. : Afton, 100 00 

North Dakota— $0.50 

Indv.: D. M. Shorb (M. N.), 50 

Ohio— $42.94 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland, $1.22; Chip- 
pewa, $8.33; Dickey (Ashland), $6.97; S. S.: 
Reading, $10; Indv.: T. S. Moherman, $1.80, 28 32 

So. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $10.35; C. W. S. : 

Beech Grove, $4.27, 14 62 

Pennsylvania— $1,527.42 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, $20; S. 
S. : E. Fairview, $15; Skippack, Mingo Cong., 
$20.27; Indv.: Lettie A. Liskey, $1,20, 56 47 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Barbara J. Steele, 15c; 
Mary A. • Kinsey, $10; D. G. Snyder, $2; 
Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $5, 17 15 

So. Dist., Indv.: No. 52254 2 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $652.12; Up- 
per Dublin, $8.18; First Philadelphia, $750,.. 1,410 30 

W. Dist., Cong.: Hostener, $1; Indv.: W. 

D. Rummel (M. N.), 50c; Cecil Snyder, $40, 41 50 
Tennessee— $5.00 

Indv. : Sarah Hodge, 5 00 

Virginia— $118.54 

First Dist., Cong.: Daleville, $25.70; Indv.: 
Daleville College, $10.74, 36 44 

No. Dist., Cong.: Luray (Mt. Zion), $6; 
Indv.: J. M. Kagey (M. N.), 50c; Maggie 
V. Frederick (deceased), $27.75, 34 25 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $17.50; 
N. I. Buck (Elk Run), $4; Indv.: Jacob H. 
Cline, $2; Samuel Garber, $3; A. J. Miller, 
$1 27 50 

So.' Dist!, S. S. : Blackwater' Chapei, Beth- 
lehem Cong., 20 35 

Washington— $2.40 

Indv. : W. H. Kensinger, 2 40 

West Virginia— $1.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Stella A. Cosner, 100 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 4,048 32 

Total for the month, $ 7,105 22 

Total previously reported, 65,597 89 

Total for the year $72,703 11 

Maryland— $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary E. Arnold, .. 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $11.16 

S. E. Dist., Aid Society: Parker Ford,.. 2 50 

So. Dist., Indv.: No. 52254, $2; Wilbur B. 
Stover, $6.66, 8 66 

Transferred from Forward Movement, . . 275 95 

Total for the month, $ 292 11 

Total previously reported, 1,900 25 

Total for the year, $ 2,192 36 

California— $22.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sister Sauble's Junior 
Class, So. Los Angeles, $10; C. W. S. : 

Egan, $12.50, 22 50 

Indiana— $61.15 

No. Dist., S.S.: Cedar Creek, 6 15 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Children's Division, 
Manchester, 20 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Anna E. Wagoner, 35 00 

Ohio— $65.77 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Beech Grove, Chippewa 
Cong., 15 77 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bear Creek, $15; Aid 

Society, Eversole, $35, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $285.92 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lebanon, Midway Cong., 
$25; Middlecreek, W. Conestoga Cong., $35; 
Aid Society: Elizabethtown, $50; Indv.: 
R. C. Hinkle, $35, 145 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Missionary Committee. 
Huntingdon, $35; Leamersville, $22.72; Loyal 
Soldier's Class, Huntingdon, $35; Aid So- 
ciety: Spring Run, $25, 117 72 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Huntsdale, 10 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville, $8.20; Indv.: 
John D. Minser, $5 13 20 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 277 50 

Total for the month, $ 712 84 

Total previously reported, 6,82124 

Total for the year, $ 7,534 08 

Colorado — $25.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers and 
Foursquare Classes, Haxtun, 25 00 

Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Ladies' Division of Mus- 
tard Seed Class, Milledgeville, 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Welcome Band Class. 
Prairie City 50 00 

Indiana— $37.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: South Bend, $25; Indv.: 
O. L. Harley, $12.50, 37 50 

Kansas— $15.00 
S. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Independence 15 00 

Michigan— $62.50 

S. S.: Sunfield, $12.50; Gleaners' Class, 

Lake View, $50 62 50 

North Dakota— $25.00 

Cong.: Joseph D. Reish and Wife (Bert- 
hold), 25 00 

Ohio— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Canton City, $35; C. 

W. S.: Canton City, $15, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $131.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Sunbeam Class, Carlisle, 6 25 

W. Dist., Cong.: Friendly Bible Class, 
Brothers valley, $25; S. S. : Golden Rule 
Class, Maple Spring, $50; Sunshine Class, 
Maple Spring, $50, 125 00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Society: Summit 25 00 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 100 00 

Total for the month, $ 546 25 

Total previously reported, 5,075 88 

Total for the year $ 5,622 13 

California— $75.00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Pasadena 75 00 

Maryland— $122.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Garber Bible Class, 
Washington City, $37.50; S. S.: Meadow 
Branch, $80; Edgewood, $5, 122 50 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 199 50 

Total previously reported 2,840 75 

Total for the year $ 3,040 25 

Pennsylvania— $19.20 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Sunshine Workers' 
Class, Williamsburg, 19 20 

Total for the month, $ 19 20 

Total previously reported 210 29 

Total for the year, $ 229 49 

Florida— $45.00 

Indv.: A. M. Stout and Wife, 45 00 

Pennsylvania— $11.75 

S. E. Dist., Aid Society: Geiger Mem.,.. 10 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: No. 52254, 1 75 

Total for the month, $ 56 75 

Total previously reported 475 98 

Total for the year $ 532 73 

Colorado— $400.00 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: George E. Studebaker, 400 00 

Montana— $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Sister Maud Cripe 5 00 

Nebraska— $3.30 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, 3 30 

Ohio— $140.00 
N. E. Dist., S. S.: West Nimishillen, $120; 

Black River, $20, 140 00 

Pennsylvania— $7.50 
S. E. Dist., Aid Society: Parker Ford,.. 2 50 

So. Dist., Indv.: No. 52254 5 00 

Virginia— $54.74 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mill Creek, 53 24 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: G. H. Swartz 1 50 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 366 49 

Total for the month, $ 977 03 

Total previously reported 2,029 56 

Total for the year, $ 3,006 59 


Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 154 38 

Total for the month, $ 154 38 

Total previously reported, 2,623 79 

Total for the year $ 2,778 17 

Illinois— $64.77 

No. Dist., S. S.: Douglas Park Mission, 54 77 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 10 00 

Ohio— $7.89 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Beech Grove, Chip- 
pewa Cong., 7 89 

Pennsylvania— $34.10 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mingo, 30 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville, 4 10 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 8 50 

Total for the month, $ 115 26 

Total previously reported, 615 88 

Total for the year, $ 731 14 

Illinois— $64.77 

No. Dist., S. S.: Douglas Park Mission, 54 77 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 10 00 

Kansas — $10.00 
N. E. Dist., Indv.: Lottie Eavey, 10 00 

Ohio— $7.89 
N. E. Dist., S. S.: Beech Grove, Chippewa 

Cong., 7 89 

Pennsylvania— $69.10 

E. Dist., S. S.: Mingo, 30 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Missionary Committee, 

Huntingdon, 35 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Morrellville, 4 10 

Tennessee — $2.00 

Cong.: Nancy Jones (Ewing) 2 00 

Transferred from Forward Movement,:. 20 60 

Total for the month, '...$ 174 36 

Total previously reported, 420 08 

Total for the year, $ 594 44 

Arizona— $10.00 

Aid Society: Glendale, 10 00 

California— $135.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Santee, $2; Ingle- 
wood, $10; Santa Ana, $7.50; Boyle Heights, 
$4.50; So. Los Angeles, $20; Hermosa Beach, 
$4; Pomona, $12.50; E. Los Angeles and 

Brother Cripe, $59.50; Glendora, $15, 135 00 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 13 5 

Total for the month, $ 158 50 

Total previously reported, 2,525 13 

Total for the year, $ 2,683 63 

Iowa— $10 00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Catharine Bluebaugh 

and Daughter, 10 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 2,565 3 8 

Total for the year, $ 2,575 38 

February contributions will be reported in the 
May issue. 


Iowa— $43.25 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S. : Dallas Center 43 25 

Pennsylvania— $8.00 

E. Dist., Elizabethtown College, 5 00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Leamersville Junior, 3 

Total for the month, $ 51 25 

Total previously reported, 82 00 

Total for the year, $ 133 25 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Bethany, 25 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Helping Hand Class, 

Eel River, 25 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Frank L. Fisher 
(Cedar), 25 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., S.S.: Loyalty Class, West Mil- 
ton, 500 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 

80 00 
93 75 

173 75 

Michigan— $175.00 

S. S.: Michigan, 175 00 

175 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 175 00 


Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 2 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

2 00 
65 15 

Total for the year, $ 67 15 

Illinois— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Dixon, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 607 41 

Total for the year, $ 617 41 


Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 2 00 

Total for' the month, $ 2 00 

Total previously reported, 82 99 

Total for the year, $ 84 99 


Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 12 00 

Total for the month, $ 12,00 

Total previously reported, 1,018 40 

Total for the year, $ 1,030 40 


California— $775.00 

So. Dist.: La Verne College, 775 00 

Indiana— $66.00 

Mid Dist.: Manchester College, 66 00 

Pennsylvania— $1,318.21 

E. Dist.: Elizabethtown College, 1,318 21 

Virginia— $387.00 

First Dist., Indv.: Sadie Eller, 15 00 

Sec. Dist.: Bridgewater College, 372 00 

Total for the month, $ 2,546 21 

Total previously reported, 8,403 97 

Total for the year, $10,950 18 

Arizona— $10.00 

Aid Society: Glendale, 10 00 

Cal'fornia— $133.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Inglewood, $10; 
Santa Ana, $7.50; Boyle Heights, $4.50; So. 
Los Angeles, $20; Hermosa Beach, $4; Po- 
mona, $12.50; Bro. Cripe and E. Los 
Angeles, $8.50; Glendora, $15; La Verne, 

$45; El Centro, $6, 133 00 

Iowa— $133.95 

No. Dist., Aid Societies: Ivester, Grundy 

Co. Cong., $25; Kingsley, $30, 55 00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies: Beaver, $10; 
Cedar, $9.65; Dallas Center, $15; Des 
Moines, $9.65; Panther, $9.65; Panora, $15; 

Yale, $10, 78 95 

Kansas— $40.70 

Aid Soc: S. W. Kans. and S. E. Colo.,.. 40 70 

Michigan— $36.50 

Aid Societies: Thornapple, $11.50; Elsie, 
$5; Beaverton, $10; Shepherd, $5; Elmdale, 

$5, 36 50 

Minnesota— $26.00 

Aid Soc: Root River, $20; Nemadji, $6,.. 26 00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Aid Society: Beatrice, 10 00 

North Dakota— $45.00 

Cong.: Kenmare, $5; Aid Societies: Sur- 
rey, $20; Ellison, $10; District Meeting of 

North. Dakota Aid Societies, $10, 45 00 

Ohio— $104.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Pleasant Hill, $5; 
Eversole, $20; Salem, $15; Beech Grove, $4; 
Bradford, $5; Greenville, $10; West Char- 
leston, $10; Donnels Creek, $10; Beaver 

Creek, $10; West Dayton, $15, 104 00 

Pennsylvania— $70.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Harrisonburg, .. 40 00 

W. Dist., Aid Societies: Somerset, $20; 

Connellsville, $10, 30 00 

Virginia— $130.00 

E. Dist.: Aid Societies of E. Virginia, .. 50 00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies: Timberville, 
$45; Mt. Zion, Green Mount Cong., $35,... 80 00 

Total for the month, $ 739 15 

Total previously reported, 3,384 17 

Total for the year, $ 4,123 32 

Louisiana— $15.00 

Indv. : Mrs. K. Parsons 

15 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 15 00 


Indiana— $1.30 

Cong.: A Brother (Roann), 

1 30 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 377 62 

Total for the month, $ 378 92 

Total previously reported, 2,395 94 

Total for the year, $ 2,774 86 

The February Relief and Reconstruction report 
will appear in the May issue. 


(Continued from Page 125) 
Moy Gwong interpreted for them. Mr. Wil- 
liams asked the school how they were 
growing. He said: "Every strong nation 
gives the women a chance as well as the 
men. This always makes the condition of 
the women better. Your country wants to 
grow like our United States. Unless the 
women are permitted to be in the schools 
a country cannot grow." 

After this they visited all the beautiful 
scenes of that village, shook hands good- 
bye and went on to Quong Hai City. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

General Director Forward Movement. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. H. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. tional Secretary. 

J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer. M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
Editor, the Visitor. CLYDE M. CULP, Financial Secretary. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 


Villa Pax, Koldby, per 

Glasmire, W. E. 
Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedstcd St., Thy, Denmark 

*Esbensen, Niels 
*Esbensen, Christine 

Friisgatan No. 1, 
Mai mo, Sweden 

Graybill, T. F, 

Gray bill, Alice M. 
On Furlough! 

Buckingham, fda, Oakley, 

Ping Ting Hsjen, 
Shansi, China 
j Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie^ F. 

Crumpacker, F. II. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Metzger., Minerva 

Oberholtzcr, li E. 

Oberholtzef, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 

Sollenberger, O. C. 

Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 

\\ ampler, Dr. Fred J. - 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E. 

Horning, Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Miller, Valley 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith, Frances Sheller 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Hutchison, Anna 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

Wampler, Vida M. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper. V. Grace 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Myers, Minor M. 

Myers. Sara Z. 

Schaeffer, Mary 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 400 So. 
Homan Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Brubaker, Cora M., 400 So. 
Homan Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Flory, Raymond C, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 

Horning, Emma, 5452 Kim- 
bark Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Vaniman, Ernest D., La 
Verne, Calif. 

Vaniman, Susie C, La 
Verne, Calif. 

Ahwa, Dangs 'Forest, 
via Bllimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Arnold, S. Ira 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Summer, Benjamin F. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Eby, Emma II. 

Hpffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 

Ross, A. W. 

Ross, Flora N. 
Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Replogle, Sara G. 
Shumaker, Ida C. 

Novsari, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 

Forney, Anna M. 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 

Brumbaugh, Anna B. 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 

Hollenberg, Fred M. 

Hollenberg, Nora R. 

Powell, Josephine 

Shull, Chalmer G, 

Shull, Mary S/ 
Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Ilolsopple, Q. A. 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 

Blough, A nna Z. 

Mow, Anetta 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
On Furlough 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R., North 
Manchester, Ind. 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., N. 
Manchester, Ind. 

Eby. Anna M., Trotwood, 

Emmert, Jesse B., Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa. 

Emmert, Gertrude R., 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Kaylor, John I., Hunting- 
don, Pa. 

Kaylor, Ina Marshburn, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

Long, I. S., Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 

Long, Erne V., Elgin, 111., 
care General Mission 

PittfMiger. J. M., Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Royer, B. Mary, Eliza- 
bdhtown, Pa. 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover. Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 

Swartz. Goldie E., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago, 

Widdowson, Olive, 541 
Lexington Ave., N. Y. C. 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
*Native workers trained in America. 




Mission Study 

for the 

Young Folks 

Three new books arranged for class use. 
Written by members of the Church of the 
Brethren. Adopted by the General Mission 
Board as texts on the Mission Studv Course. 

Primary Folks at Mission Study, by Viola 
Eisenbise. Intended for those beginning to 
study and up to about twelve years. 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— India, by 
Nora Berkebile. Intended for ages from about 
twelve to adult. 

Junior Folks at Mission Study — China. A 
symposium by several China missionaries. In- 
tended for ages twelve years to the adult. 

Price 50c 

= 1 

Price 60c 

Vacation School Leaders will find these books 
essential for the greatest success in their work. 
The Vacation School will solve the question of a 
suitable time for recitation and the books will 
solve the question of suitable material for the 

Write for booklet M S 21, which explains the I 
Mission Study Course. 

Address orders for books to 

Elgin, Illinois 


^illlllllllillilllllll llllllllllllllli 

b»» <m*>» m»»»~»»»»» — — — — -. — »—. 


jfea; • 

' •-;- I 

Church -of the 'Brethren 


May, 1921 

NO. 5 

Bring ye the whole 

Hlhe into the store- 
house, that: there may 
be meat in my bouse. 

The Missionary Visitor 





The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
•4*1 Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for t 

every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no j 

matter how large the donation. • j 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request, the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- ! 

seriptions discontinued at expiration of time. ) 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change 'of address should be given. When ♦ 

asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
ft possible under the same name as in the previous year. ♦ 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. I 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
Ofctober 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


Contents for May, 1921 ! 



A Christian Service, a Heathen Offering: A Contrast, By T. H. B. 

Williams, , 133 J 

Budgets and Evangelism, 135 

A True Story (Poem), By Mary Stoner Wine 137 j 

China Famine News, By Several Missionaries, 138 ♦ 

Have You Thought About It? By Galen B. Royer, Jr., 140 

Our Second Marathi District Meeting, By Alice K. Ebey, ........ 141 \ 

India Notes for January and February, By Hattie Z. Alley 143 j 

China News Notes for January and February, > 145 


The Challenge of the City, By M. Clyde Horst, 147 

The Country Minister and the Community Church, By H. E. B lough, 148 


An Unwelcome Baby, By Mrs. Minnie F. Bright, 152 

A Boy Called to Be a Missionary (An Autobiography), 153 



Volume XXIII 

MAY, 1921 

No. 5 

The Passing of Our Editor 

SURELY, there has never come to 
the family of Missionary Visitor 
readers such a shock as the an- 
nouncement of the passing of our be- 
loved editor, J. H. B. Williams. Every 
month for a number of years he has 
spoken to the 
members of our 
homes through ar- 
ticles and edito- 
rials. This far- 
reaching influence 
can never be esti- 
mated. Many have 
never seen his face 
or heard his voice, 
yet his vision and 
ideals have thrilled 
our imaginations 
and continually 
lifted us above the 
sordid and low 
ideals of this self- 
ish world onto the 
great plane of 
Christian service. 
He has now laid 
down his pen, but 
his ideals live in 
the hearts of men. 
of character, enduring belief in the 
power and sufficiency of our Lord, dis- 
tinguished talents, much knowledge of 
human nature, eminent attainments in 
general culture and religious experience, 
and his intuitive vision in helping to 
meet the needs of individuals and prob- 
lems in our missionary enterprise won 
for him the confidence of our Brother- 
hood in such a way that his counsel 
was sought in the many problems of 

His great firmness 

church life. Young folks, dared to en- 
trust their life work decisions to his 
good judgment. His life rang true to 
the Master's, in that he was the servant 
of all. This was true in the local 
church, in his home city, and the 
Brotherhood a t 
large. In his home 
his life was an in- 
spiring example of 
what a Christian 
father means. May 
we unitedly pray 
our Father to send 
his choicest bless- 
ing to the bereaved 
home. His body 
lies buried in the 
beautiful cemetery 
at Mombasa, 
Africa. ' His life is 
history now, but 
rich in inspiration; 
his death, inex- 
plicable to our fi- 
nite minds, but an 
everlasting chal- 
lenge to our 
Brotherhood for 
consecration of life and life-purposes. 
Brother Williams was born at Belle- 
ville, Kans., April 14, 1883. He was 
educated at Belleville and McPherson. 
He accepted Christ in 1899, was elected 
to the ministry in 1902, and ordained 
elder in 1910. He became editor of the 
Missionary Visitor April 10, 1912. He 
was appointed Secretary-Treasurer of 
the General Mission Board in 1918. 
Thus, in active service for Christ he 
fell asleep. 

"And Whosoever Shall Lose His Life For My Sake Shall Find It 

130 The Missionary Visitor May 


The Conference Offering 

The Board's Appeal 

"A Greater Church of the Brethren for the World " 

Yes, this is our slogan, but we mean greater in spiritual power and 
put emphasis on the phrase "for the world." Who cares about the 
Church of the Brethren becoming greater unless it is for the sake of a 
world that needs the message of the Lord? The volunteers of the 
church are responding splendidly, and if we but supply the necessary 
money streams of them will find their way into the mission fields and 
our pastorless churches. 

The spirit of the Church of the Brethren demands that we hang 
on tenaciously to that which we know to be right. We have realized 
more than ever before that we do not live for ourselves, but for others. 
We cannot go to others in helpfulness unless some one pays the cost. 
Present conditions necessitate a higher money cost in doing the Lord's 
work than in bygone years. This means that the General Mission 
Board, elected by the church to promote its missionary interests, feels 
it both duty and opportunity to call upon the church for men and- 
money to make the great message known to all the world. 

About go per cent (an approximate figure) of the Fonuard Move- 
ment pledges of last year have been paid. Of course we always hope 
they will be paid in full. But because of reverses and the many un- 
usual things occurring during the past year we commend our brethren 
for the splendid manner in which they have paid their pledges. 

The -work of the church, in charge of the boards, will require as 
a minimum $525,000 for this year. This figure has been very care- 
fully trimmed, so that 100 per cent of the amount must be raised 0? 
else the work of the church will suffer. Four hundred thousand dol- 
lars of this amount is to be spent in mission work under the direction 
of the General Mission Board. 

The quota given is an actual need — not a limit. Some may not 
reach it. Those who can should aim to exceed it. Unless some do, 
the work of missions is certain to be hindered. Let the strong bear 
the burdens of the weak. 

The sum can be raised by all doing their best. Determine what 
would be your proper part and then slip in some extra into the 1 offer- 
ing to help the man who cannot do as much as you. 

May God bless all who strive for him, and who convert life into 
dollars, that the Christ may be real in the hearts of mankind. 

Most fraternally yours, 


H. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, J. J. Yoder, A. P. Blough 


The Missionary Visitor 



An Occasion for Joy 

May is the month when we shall give our 
money and pledges that the great mission- 
ary work of the church niay go forward. 
It is the happiest time. Christmas time is 
not happiest for him who receives most, 
but for him who gives most. Conference 
offering time is most happy when we give 
gladly. Living for ourselves alone is not 
living, but existing. Living for others is 
real living and brings the greatest happi- 
ness. We are commanded to teach the 
world, but the greatest joy comes when we 
have such relation with the Lord that com- 
mands are not necessary. It is said that if 
Matthew 28: 19 were lost it would make 
no difference in the life of one who really 
is acquainted with the Lord. If giving at 
this Conference time is laborious it will be 
helpful to seek a fuller acquaintance with 
our Lord. 

Summer Work for the Volunteers 

What will the volunteers from your 
church be doing this summer? Probably 
selling something that has no relation par- 
ticularly to the great work they have 
planned for the future. Of course they will 
be getting acquainted with folks, but are 
there not other occupations, related to the 
church, in which they can make such ac- 
quaintance? Are the interests of your 
church so large that the pastor should 
have an assistant for the summer months? 
Do you have a city church that is idle six 
days a week, with children, just as idle, 
roaming the streets? Perhaps your volun- 
teer home from school will be glad to con- 
duct a story hour or keep the library of 
the church open a certain number of hours 
each week. Some churches that do not have 
a pastor and whose elder is too busy to care 
for the work could profitably call one of 
the volunteers to the work of the church 
during the summer months. If the volun- 
teer should not accomplish all that you 
might desire, remember that it is splendid 
training for him and he will be the better 
prepared for the permanent job when 
school days are over. It will be helpful to 
missionaries at home or abroad if they can 
have some practical experience before tak- 

ing the position. The doctor has his in- 
terneship; why not the preacher? 

News Items 

Ernest Vaniman, missionary from China 
at home on furlough, has been spending the 
winter in California. He has been taking 
some school work in Los Angeles. The 
District of Michigan desires that he speak 
in their churches, which he will do in May. 
He will then attend Conference at Her- 
shey. t 

J. J. Yoder, member, and J. H. B. Wil- 
liams, secretary, of the General Mission 
Board, left India April 6 and sailed for 
Africa, where they intended to investigate 
the needs and most suitable place for the 
Church of the Brethren to open her Africa 
mission. Since the death of Bro. Williams 
we do not know if Bro. Yoder and Dr. 
Harnly his traveling companion will go 
into Africa or will return home. 

J. J. Oiler, of Waynesboro, Pa., and E. 
M. Butterbaugh, of Warsaw, Ind., spent 
several days in April auditing the books of 
the various church organizations. 

C. C. Price, president of the District Mis- 
sion Board of Northern Illinois and Wis- 
consin, called at the General Mission Board 
office to confer over home mission prob- 

C. H. Shamberger, secretary for the 
General Christian Workers' Board, recent- 
ly returned from a trip to the western 
coast. He stopped at La Verne College, as 
the traveling secretary for the United Stu- 
dent Volunteers. He has now been at all 
the colleges of the church and reports 
the work of the Student Volunteers as pro- 
gressing nicely. 

I. S. Long and family and Josephine 
Powell arrived from India for their fur- 
lough in April. Brother and Sister Long 
have served in India since 1903. Miss 
Powell went out to India first in 1906. 

S. Ira Arnold and family are due for their 
furlough, and started with the Longs and 
Miss Powell, but at Calcutta their daughter 
Barbara gave evidence of chicken pox, and 
the rules of the steamship company for- 
bade their continuing the journey until the 


The Missionary Visitor 


cessation of the malady. They will likely 
arrive here some time in May. 

Miss Emma Horning, who served as mis- 
sionary to China since 1908, and is now 
on furlough, will return soon after the Her- 
shey Conference. 

Misses Olive Widdowson and B. Mary 
Royer, Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cot- 
trell, and Brother J. I. Kaylor and wife will 
return to India the latter part of the sum- 

The local missionary committees and 
secretaries in Southern Ohio met at Ever- 
sole' the evening preceding their District 
Meeting and discussed the problems relat- 
ing to their work. We think this is a 
splendid move. If all Districts would do 
this we would not so frequently hear the 
question, "What work are we to do?" 

Elsie Shickel, who is under appointment 
as a missionary to India, and L. C. CofTman, 
Forward Movement dire:tor for the Dale- 
ville College territory, have been bringing 
helpful messages to the churches in Ten- 

The Pastoral Committee 

The last General Conference appointed 
a committee to study the question of min- 
isterial distribution. The members of the 
committee — W. S. Long, J. W. Lear, S. S. 
Blough, D. H. Zigler and J. P. Dickey- 
met in Elgin March 30. The report of the 
committee, if adopted and put in operation 
by Conference, will go a long way in solving 
this exceedingly important problem. 

Saving Our Children 

The committee appointed by the General 
Mission Board, in accord with the Sedalia 
Conference decision, met in Elgin March 
29. The members of the committee are 
W. S. Long, S. S. Blough and M. R. Zigler. 
The report of the committee is based on 
the findings as"revealed through the ques- 
tionnaires, and will soon be ready for pub- 

Interesting, to Say the Least 

Churches that are more concerned about 
the community building them up than for 
the church to build up the community. 

Pastors who are more concerned about 
their salaries than about soul saving. 

Churches that never raise the pastor's 
salary unless he threatens to resign. 

Women who are dressed properly for 
prayer and yet seldom pray. 

People who will never give you anything 
for a good cause, because they do not want 
to let the left hand know what the right 
hand does. 

Folks who won't attend Sunday-school 
unless they can be the superintendent, or 
teacher of a class. 

Elders and leaders who do not say and 
do what they know is right, because they 
fear men. 

Business men whoi attend church be- 
cause they think it will bring them trade. 

Churches that are more concerned how 
their members look than what they are. 

Missionaries who have decided where the 
Spirit of the Lord shall lead them. 

People who read this and say, " It 
doesn't touch me." 

How They Remember You 

We were arranging one of the programs 
for the Hershey Conference. A certain 
man was suggested and one of our com- 
mittee said he would be a good man. We 
wondered how he knew, and then he said, 
" I never heard him but once, and that was 
years ago, but I have wanted to be a mis- 
sionary ever since." I know a few folks in 
whose presence I love to be. Every time 
I associate with them I feel lifted up. Cer- 
tain remarks they have made have been a 
lighthouse to me as I have steered along 
the rocky coast. Is the ability to say these 
choice things limited to the select few? 
We think not. However, it is hard for 
blood to come from a turnip, and it is hard 
to be helpful to folks unless the spirit of 
helpfulness is in our hearts. 

Memorial Issue of Visitor 

We would like to have made this issue 
of the Visitor a memorial number, paying 
tribute to the editor and secretary who has 
so faithfully served the church. However, 
the workers on the foreign field will cer- 
tainly wish to have a part in this and we are 
delaying this special number until later. 
Very likely we can accomplish this in July. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Christian Service, a Heathen Offering: 

A Contrast 

Letter No. 9 

Dear Spenser: 

We are in a land of millions of gods, but 
a country of spiritual poverty. There are 
perhaps few, if any, countries in the world 
that are as religious as India. We saw 
some beautiful, well-kept Shinto and 
Buddhist shrines in Japan, and multitudes 
of temples in China, but nowhere have 
we seen a people upon whom the spell of 
religion seems to have settled quite so 
completely as it has upon these of India. 
Some will explain that it is largely super- 
stition, and some will call it the result of 
gross ignorance, but whatever may be its 
name, the religious spirit of these people 
is manifest in all of their doings. 

The first large town in which we stopped 
after reaching India was Madura. Here 
is to be found one of the largest and most 
famous temples of the Hindu religion. You 
have doubtless seen pictures of the large 
pagodas of this temple, and I know that 
you would be interested in taking a short 
visit to it. It is considered very holy, 
as being a chosen residence of the god 
Siva. The whole interior of the temple is 
a mass of superb carvings, said to be the 
finest in Southern India. The temple en- 
closure, proper, is in the form oT a paral- 
lelogram, measuring about 280 yards square 
and pierced by nine wonderfully-carved 

The temple covers thirteen acres of 
ground, located in the heart of this great 
city. We entered it through a long pas- 
sageway, possibly eighteen feet wide and 
with a high, vaulted ceiling. Among the 
pillars on each side are the stalls where 
fruit and trinkets are sold, and where 
garlands of flowers can be bought for a 
small sum to be used in worship in the 
temple. Great crowds of people, with the 
forehead mark of the Hindu, were coming 
and going, pressing us on both sides. 
Around us, lolling against the pillars, or 
sleeping, or busy with one thing or an- 
other, were many fat, sleek, indolent-look- 
ing priests — splendid-appearing examples 
of the leaders of a blind religion. Their 

idle, sensual lives as keepers of this temple 
made their expression even more hopeless 
than that of the people who came to wor- 

We were ushered by a guide through 
this passageway, out to a huge square lake, 
surrounded by granite steps leading down 
into the green slimy water, used by bathers, 
who believe that by bathing in and drink- 
ing from this sacred tank they may be 
healed of their afflictions, and may receive 
special merit from their gods. A pilgrim 
(who knows from how far he had come?) 
was in this water, gulping down great 
draughts of it as we stood admiring the 
beauty of the sculptured porches on all 
sides of the pool. It is no wonder that 
cholera and plague frequently break out 
in a land where such water is drunk by so 
many worshipers. 

The wonderful, tall pagodas, standing 
high in the air on the four corners of this 
sacred enclosure, and covered with idols, 
bulls, horses and groups of warriors, were 
most beautiful. These have been here for 
centuries, mutely expressing, by their 
architectural and artistic beauty, the devo- 
tion of the millions who through many 
generations have bowed to the idols in this 

The large portion of the temple was not 
open to such " infidels " as our party, and 
is protected for the " faithful " against in- 
truders. We saw enough to satisfy us, in 
the part which is open. Idols, great and 
small, weird and fantastic and horrible, 
were everywhere in these long, darkened 
corridors. Two stone gods, images of the 
elephant-headed Ganesh, were enshrined, 
back in vaultlike enclosures, while before 
them stood their little lamps, kept con- 
stantly burning. We passed through long 
halls fringed on each side with images of 
Siva and Vishnu and Ganesh. We saw a 
room of a thousand stone pillars, built 470 
years ago, and filled with idols, lewd and 
awful. Religious ceremonies were in prog- 
ress in various parts of the temple. The 
strange music floating to us through the 


The Missionary Visitor 


semidarkness, and the smell of the incense, 
with the noise and rustle of the throng, gave 
one a feeling that was not easy to shake off. 
After wandering through the temple for 
an hour, having great sections of Hindu 
mythology explained to us by the English- 
speaking priest who was our guide, we 
stopped in one hall to witness the religious 
celebration that was taking place. Plague 
is in the city of Madura. The New Year 
was to come in at midnight, and this partic- 
ular service was' what is known as the milk 
sacrifice, planned for the purpose of trying 
to stay the plague through devout appeal 
to the gods. Before us was the platform, 
on both sides of which were great stone 
images of the god Siva and his wife. Huge 
palm branches were being set in place by 
the side of these idols, while two priests 
were bathing the idols in milk. A priest 
high above us was pouring the milk over 
the idols, and it was running into the gut- 
ter and out to sour and sicken passers on 
the streets. With each fresh drenching of 
the idols the music was renewed. Out from 
the darkness of the space behind the idols 
there were pouring forth hundreds of bats, 
frightened, I suppose, by the music. As 
they emerged and flitted about in the semi- 
darkness of the ceiling of this mighty edi- 
fice, a strange, sickening sensation stole 
over me — a feeling that we were standing 
close to the gates of a real purgatory. It 
was nothing short of a soul revulsion 
against the uncanny, the pathetic, the 
mysterious, the awful blindness. After such 
an experience you can well understand why 
we made our way to God's great out-of- 
doors to bathe ourselves in its sunlight. 

Some folks talk about these people grop- 
ing for the light and just waiting to be 
helped by Christianity into the marvelous 
sunshine of God's gra*ce. Such folks are 
talking either in parables, or poetry, or 
ignorance, or into the air. These people, 
in their temple worship at Madura, un- 
doubtedly were sincere. The expression of 
the worshipers showed it. Their souls un- 
doubtedly long for help, but their minds are 
utterly depraved in their conceptions of 
what the help can be or whence it is to 

From the city of Madura we went down 
about one hundred miles southwest to visit 

the great Christian community at Tinne- 
velly. One wonders when heathenism is to 
fall, and how the change will be brought 
about. Our days at Tinnevelly enabled us 
to find our answer to the question in the 
growing Christian life of these Indian peo- 

One hundred years ago in February the 
first missionaries came to the Tinnevelly 
district. The work was very difficult. It 
was impossible to make an impression upon 
the higher castes, and the missionaries, like 
our Master, found their greatest response 
among the depressed classes. Many, many 
devout missionaries from England came 
here and gave their lives for these people. 

And here we were with the privilege to 
spend a Sunday in this century-old mission. 
On this Sunday we were called together in 
the great Tamil church for worship. A large 
company of Christians were arriving from 
the various streets of the city, all Indians, 
some dressed in European garb, others in 
their native clothing. The women were at- 
tired in the beautiful, modest sardi of the 
Indian people. This sardi is a single piece 
of goods, several yards in length. Its color 
and texture vary, of course, with femi- 
nine taste and the family income. Some 
were* white, some blue, some in delicate 
shades, but all very modest indeed. 

As these Christians enter their church 
they bow upon the floor in silence and offer 
a short prayer to the Father. A most 
solemn and sacred atmosphere seemed to 
pervade the church, much unlike the hum 
and confusion of many of our own churches 
in the homeland. Everything was done in 
the native Tamil tongue. No missionaries 
were connected with the service. A native 
pastor, supported by the church, with native 
clergy and officers, conducted the service. 
We were able to see what these people can 
do when Christianized, educated and given 
responsibility in the church. There was 
much responsive reading, many songs, "a 
number of prayers, and then the minister 
preached a powerful sermon to his thou- 
sand listeners. I could not understand 
his sermon, which was from the words of 
Ruth, " I will never leave thee nor forsake 
thee," but my spiritual food came from con- 
templating the riches of God's grace, and 

(Continued on Page 146) 

May The Missionary Visitor 135 

Budgets and Evangelism 

An Explanation and Appeal for the 1921 Conference Offering 

Budgets or Buckets on the executive committee of the Forward 

Good farmers appreciate the value of a Movement. This committee of represent- 

measure which they can use each time in atives from each board and committee met 

feeding their horses. The little tin pail and determined the total of the needs of all 

serves a very useful place in dipping oats. the boards. At first the figure amounted 

In the winter time, when the horses are to approximately $650,000. Because of 

not working, they are fed half a pail, and in financial depression the committee felt the 

summer, when the work is heavy, perhaps total should be reduced, if such could be 

a whole pailful is necessary. The horse done and still supply the existing needs in 

does not need buckets, but oats. Of course a reasonable way. Word from India and 

the farmer is glad to have the convenient China indicated that exchange was rapidly 

measure so the needs of the horse can be growing better, which is a big factor in 

reduced to a definite measure. However, determining the money needed for our 

buckets cannot be fed to the horse, and foreign work. Finally all the boards shaved 

they are no value to the farmer except that their askings to the very minimum, until 

they contribute to the feeding process. the total amounts to $525,000, the sum the 

The budget for the 1921 Conference offer- church is asked to give. In this reduction 
ing is a measure of money that represents practically all the boards have curtailed 
the needs of the church for a given period work that is most urgent. For the most 
of time. When people begin thinking they part it was a real sacrifice to reduce the 
are contributing to the budget the joy of budget to this figure. With this information 
giving is lost. The budget needs no money. we trust all who love the Lord will con- 
It is the Lord's work that has need. The sider it their paramount duty to do their 
budget fluctuates in size according to the very best in seeing that 100 per cent of the 
amount of work to be done, the number $525,000 is raised, 
of workers available to do the work and The Share for Missions 

the assumed giving capacitv of the church. _, » , . 

The work of the church is largely mis- 

The 1921 Budget sionary, as the figures indicate. From the 

The budget for all the General Boards and com- $400,000 the missionaries abroad will re- 
mittees of the Church of the Brethren for the work . , - . 

of the fiscal year from March l, 1921, to Feb. 28, ceive the money necessary to carry on their 

G«e«l d Mis r i?o U n te Bo"d- 10WS: work ' need y Di s tricts in America will be 

World Wide Fund. (Home and helped, aged ministers who are worthy of 

Foreign) $320,000.00 assistance will be given aid, loans will be 

Home Mission Fund. (Home , , , . , , . . 

Missions exclusively), 50,000.00 made to students taking advanced train- 

^r !"! 2 !.^..^. 85 . 10 ."^.^". 25.000.00 in S in preparation for distinctly church 

Student Loan Fund, 5,000.00 work, and missionary education will be 

$400 000.00 promoted. The work of making Christ 

&ESi lu d S ion s?ho?r a B d o'ard; •:::::::::::: »ffi» known to the worId is the bi ^ est 

Temperance and Purity Committee, 6,000.00 business of the Christian church. The folks 

Christian Workers' Board, 5,000.00 . . . . ... . . 

Dress Reform Committee, 2.500.00 who desire to be missionaries with their 

^c^mit^"!"ff:'..:::::::::::::::r:-:: iimSo s ifts > while others g° into the actual serv - 

Tract Committee', l'.ooo.oo ice, will need to put a little more weight on 

American Bible Society, 500.00 , t _, , . 

their side of the balance. The number of 

Tota1 ' $525,000.00 volunteers who are willing to be used as 

The method of arriving at the figures missionaries this year exceeds the amount 

in the budget was as follows: Each board of money to send them. As I write this, 

and committee appointed by Conference the General Mission Board has not yet 

estimated the amount of money it would convened in its April meeting, but I predict 

need for' work during the year. It also that applications from good volunteers will 

elected some one person to represent it need to be declined or deferred because 


The Missionary Visitor 


funds are lacking. True, all the missiona- 
ries have some church supporting them, 
and a number of churches are waiting to 
have a missionary assigned to them. The 
support of the missionary is the small part 
of the expense entailed. He must have 
passage across the water; the board helps 
in purchasing the missionary's equipment; 
extra expense is involved in the language 
school on the field. After this the mission- 
ary must have a house in which to establish 
a home. The native houses usually are not 
satisfactory. Instances are known where 
the missionary suffered in health by living 
in a house unsuited for an American. After 
the missionary has learned the language 
and is established at one of our stations 
he must have a church or school building 
in which to work. He becomes a manager 
of native workers, and they must have sup- 
port. This little glimpse at mission ex- 
penses gives a general idea of how the mis- 
sionary dollar is spent. It is impossible in 
a brief statement to give a complete ex- 
planation of all the expense involved in 
conducting mission work. 

Will 1921 Mark an Advance? 

More money was spent in 1920 than was 
received by the General Mission Board. If 
the $400,000 asked for this year is not all 
raised, the board will be seriously embar- 
rassed and will very probably not be able 
to continue the work now in progress. 
New missionaries are 
under appointment and 
others are ready to go. 
Hospitals and other 
buildings that are par- 
tially completed on the 
field will not be com- 
pleted unless the full 
sum is reached. The 
equipment of the mis- 
sionary is of vital im- 
portance. It is a poor 
economy to send mis- 
sionaries that we do not 

The Candle Burned Out 

The profits of farmers 
and other are not as big 
this year, and it will 
pinch to give as before. 

Notwithstanding this, it is the imperative 
duty as well as glorious opportunity 
of all Christians to hold the ropes in 
time of stress. Going to prayer meet- 
ing on a rainy evening brings more joy, for 
we know our presence is all the more 
needed at that time. The dollar that is 
given, even though it means a sacrifice, 
will bring more joy and will do more good, 
for we will pray harder for its accomplish- 
ment. We do all we can to protect our- 
selves when necessity arises. Shall we do 
the same for the Lord's work? The man 
who is rich in this world's goods and not 
rich toward God is very much like the 
burned-out candle. 

The body of our beloved brother J. H. 
B. Williams lies buried in a beautiful ceme- 
tary in Africa but the life lives. Why 
does the light of his life still continue to 
shed its rays of warmth and inspiration to 
all the church? It is because he lived, not 
unto himself but unto others. We have 
not forgotten those stirring appeals he made 
at Conference time and how under these 
the church increased her offerings each 
year. His appeals were from the heart, for 
his gifts were as large and larger than what 
he asked of others. Now he has laid his 
body on the altar in Africa. He has given 
his life for the Brethren, and, brethren, at 
this Conference time, what contribution can 
we place by the side of his? 

So is he lhai layelh 

up treasure for 

himself, and is noV 
rich lowari God 


The Missionary Visitor 


A True Story 

Mary Stoner Wine 

'Twas a glorious summer morning 
And the church bells, sweet and clear, 
From the daily toil and labors 
Called the people far and near, 
For today they meet to worship — 
Give their gifts each as they may, 
For the missionary off'ring, 
On this missionary day. 

Soon they gathered from their households, 
Stalwart youths, and maidens fair, 
Bonnie lads and winsome lassies, 
Little children, free from care ; 
Men and women in the vigor 
And the prime of prosp'rous life, 
Aged fathers, gray-haired mothers, 
Bowed and worn by earthly strife ; 
Entered all, within the temple 
Sought they each their favored place- 
Some with faces bright and glowing, 
Some with reverential grace ; 
Some in quiet meditation, 
Some with heads bowed low in pray'r, 
While the younger ones in waiting 
Shot quick glances, here and there. 

Soon the music broke the stillness, 
Followed by the morning prayer, 
Then the voices all were mingled 
As they read the Word with care. 
To the different rooms and classes 
Marching feet go to and fro; 
Eager lips speak forth the message, 
Eager hearts are glad to know. 
Till obedient to the summons 
Marching feet are heard once more; 
All are gathered as one family 
Ready for the preaching hour. 

Little children with their off'rings 
Held within wee, chubby hands, 
Restless, wait, to give their money 
For the lads in heathen lands. 
Men, with hands made rough by labor, 
Men, with marks of mental toil, 
Women, with their faces glowing, 
Others show a soul's turmoil, 
Sit before the earnest pastor 
As he speaks the Word of Life. 
Sturdy youths in Christian armor 
Eager for the coming strife 
Seem to ponder as they listen. 
Can I aught from him withhold, 
He, who saved me for his service, 
Shall I give myself or gold? 

Others sat in stolid coldness 
Bound about by love of gold, 
Their censorious faces saying, 
" I my hard earned cash will hold." 
Aged men and women list'ning, 
Who had served the Lord so well, 

Heeded not their shining teardrops 

Nor the story that they tell, 

For their noble hearts were longing 

For the backward turn of time, 

That they might have gone forth for him, 

Taking Christ to every clime. 

So, while yet their hearts were beating 
With the challenge for their Lord, 
Came the baskets for their money — 
Would they give, or, would they hoard? 
Many were the gifts, and precious, 
Many prayers went up to him. 
But the Lord's own heart was happy 
When one off'ring was cast in. 

Soon the news of this one off'ring, 
That was given glad and free, 
Reached the ears of many people 
And they wonder'd how't could be — 
Said his off'ring was too heavy, 
He had given far too much ; 
Did he want applause for giving? 
Could his motive have been such? 
Or, perhaps, the preacher did it, 
With his heart-felt, stirring plea. 
Should he rob a man of money, 
For the heathen o'er the sea? 

But the secret of that giving 
Few have ever learned to know, 
But you now may hear the story 
As he told it years ago. 

" I had robbed the Lord in off'rings, 

Yet I thought it was my own ; 

I had used it for tobacco 

Till the habit strong had grown, 

But with purpose firm I've conquer'd 

Freely, on my own accord ; 

I have saved my chewing money, 

For an off'ring to my Lord." 

Year by year into the treasury 

Comes the gold he could have spent; 

With it now the news of Jesus 

To a heathen land is sent. 

Would to God that o'er this nation 

Those who know his boundless grace, 

Might deny themselves for Jesus, 

That some lost one see his face ; 

And how sweet would be the greeting 

On the golden, shining shore, 

If one soul should meet you, saying, 

" I've been saved for evermore. 

Had you kept and used your money 

For the weed, you could afford, 

I might still be lost and hopeless, 

Bound by sin, without my Lord. 

But you took from self the pleasure 

Of the oft-enticing roll, 

And that gift you gave to Jesus 

Brought salvation to my soul." 

313 16th St., Huntingdon, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


China Famine News 

The Following Are Extracts from 

The last cable we received from the Mis- 
sion Board stated that up to that time 
$100,000 had been contributed for famine 
relief work, and since this amount far ex- 
ceeded our expectations, it is being planned 
to carry on work on a larger scale for the 
famine-stricken men than we had hereto- 
fore thought would be possible. A special 
mission meeting has been called to convene 
tomorrow, especially for the purpose of dis- 
cussing the matter as to how the money 
(since it is so much more than the famine 
committee expected) might be used to the 
best advantage. And since this special 
meeting is to convene at this time, some 
other matters of business will be brought 
up as well. The Liao Chou folks have got- 
ten in today. Bro. Seese, Anna, Winnie 
and Nettie, and Flory and Heisey are here 
from Shou Yang, I understand, though I 
haven't seen them. 

A large number of soldiers' suits have 
been contributed to the work here. They 
have been sent from Tai Yuan Fu, to be 
ripped apart, cleaned and made over for 
the famine stricken people who need them. 
This furnishes considerable work for the 
poor women up at the Hsiieh tao yuan. 

Somewhere about New Year's a number 
of children were received into the women's 
Hsiieh tao yuan. At this time I think there 
are slightly fewer than one hundred of 
them: They are being fed three meals 
daily. Laura Shock has her hands pretty 
full overseeing the work of caring for these 
children and the industrial work for so 
many poor women. I suppose Anna and 
Laura are keeping you pretty well posted 
on the work of famine relief. They are 
more directly associated with the work of 
famine relief than most of the rest of us. 
Both of these girls are doing splendid work 
at their respective places. 

Crumpacker, Wampler and Anna Blough 
have been kept quite busy in famine, work- 
ing the country districts. We are so glad the 
money has come in so well from the home 
church. When we first began taking in the 
children, we did not feed them as much as 
we do now, but there were about forty of 

Letters Written by Missionaries 

them that showed such plain signs of star- 
vation that we gave them extra food for a 
while. Now we give them more and feed 
them all alike, but it would be hard to tell 
the most of these forty from the rest now. 
A few of them still look bad, but in general 
they are looking fine. All those from the 
city sleep at home, but those from the 
villages sleep here. No women sleep here. 
We have found it hard to keep in profes- 
sional beggars, either women or children, 
although a large per cent of those who are 
here were reduced to begging before they 
came in. Some of the women are embroid- 
ering grass linen, some are using the silk, 
and some are at present renovating 100 sol- 
dier suits which the governor sent us to 
renovate and give to the poor. They have 
them torn apart and washed, and will begin 
to sew them up again tomorrow. It seems 
that most of the relief that is being given 
in our district is given by the church. The 
city got lots of subscriptions, but are not 
getting the money in and are not helping 
the starving people much. One little boy 
that we have over here was near enough 
starving to death that his face was swollen. 
He looks much better now and is quite a 
happy little boy. We have given out 
clothes to these who needed them badly, 
and I can't go over into the court without 
their nearly mobbing me, asking me for 
shoes, stockings, coats and pants. Every- 
body thinks he needs something, and most 
of them don't need much but a little mend- 
ing which their home people could "do if 
they would. 

We are in famine, over head and ears, at 
the present time. I spent four days in 
committee meeting at Ping Ting, came 
home over night, and next morning started 
for a two weeks' trip of inspection, adding 
people to our list. I returned Tuesday 
and am booked to go again next Monday. 
I seem to be visiting in my home with my 
wife and baby. I can stand it fairly well 
myself, but it is harder for those at home. 
I am as busy as can be with the problems 
and sufferings of others. You will prob- 
ably have heard that the Red Cross have 



The Missionary Visitor 


given $200,000 to the relief of suffering in 
the Ping Ting famine section. This means 
a lot of organization, to handle all that is 
involved. This sum is to be used in build- 
ing a road connecting Liao Chou and Ping 
Ting Chou. The men of the famine district 
will build the road, but it must have care- 
ful foreign supervision. It presents a won- 
'derful opportunity. 


Dear Brethren: 

Your letter of Feb. 18th reached here the 
18th of March, just four weeks on the road. 

Long before this you will know that the 
American Red Cross has increased their 
gift to $200,000.00 and we have fine pros- 
pects to get even more than this in case 
we can get the road work proposition go- 
ing. No, the Red Cross isn't giving this 
generously in other parts of China. They 
have given to us because the need is great 
here and we have a well equipped American 
mission station and they are glad to help in 
the province of Shansi because the province 
is so well governed compared with some 
other famine territories. Our reason for 
asking you to cut down on pushing the 
campaign at home was that we felt our 
home church had done their full share 
and that the people were perhaps pushing 

this to the neglect of the other sides of the 
work. It will be very necessary that the 
money keeps coming so that the work can 
be followed up. This is the way we sug- 
gested in one telegram, that you accept 
funds with the understanding that they 
could be used in follow-up work if they 
were not used in actual famine relief. 

The Shansi Famine Relief Committee at 
Taiyuanfu, an international committee on 
which our Mission is represented, is helping 
our territory more than $100,000.00 Our 
Mission is administering this fund. 

We now have plans for the expenditure 
of about $130,000.00 Mexican of our own 
fund. We are holding off some of the rest, 
planning to fill in the gaps which are not 
properly taken care of after the other work 

By this evening we will be having near- 
ly 6,000 men ready to work on the road. 
Each man represents about an average of 
four to the family at home and this means 
that 30,000 people are being fed by the Red 
Cross work. We have another 3,000 or 
4,0C0 men enlisted ready to be called out 
just as soon as the engineers can get the 
road laid out. Practically all the funds we 
had administered before the Red Cross 
came in were administered as direct famine 
(Continued on Page 160) 

Famine Children— Ping Ting Chou 


The Missionary Visitor 


Have You Thought About It? 

Galen B. 

Director of Religious Education, 

HAVE you ever thought seriously 
about the great value of missionary 
knowledge in the minds of growing 
boys and girls? There are physical laws, 
saying that certain foods produce certain 
effects. Likewise there are laws of the 
mind and soul, saying that the food upon 
which they feed determines the richness 
or leanness of the soul. But why mission- 
ary knowledge? There are several reasons, 
four of which I shall mention and comment 

It provides wholesome food. Of all 
knowledge, I know of nothing more whole- 
some than missionary. In fact, a large part 
of the Bible may be classed as such. Of 
all people, I know of no class that has so 
lived the whole Gospel as have the Chris- 
tian missionaries. So it behooves us to give 
the! younger generation the opportunity of 
feeding upon this knowledge. 

The knowledge is tangible. Boys and 
girls love heroes and heroines in action. 
The Bible and its truths become real to 
them only as they see them acted out in 
the lives of God's people. The history of 
his missionaries is full of incidents where 
truth was upheld, his commandments 
obeyed and he glorified. 

It gives a guiding motive and an ideal for 
life at an impressionable age. A large num- 
ber of our foreign missionaries testify that 
their first call and inspiration for service 
came at an early age. An adolescent boy, 
after reading "Uganda's White Man at 
Work," the life of Alexander Mackay, said, 
" Father, I would like to chalk my life up to 
his." If this is true of our foreign service 
shouldn't it be just as natural to get the 
first inspiration for service on the home 
field at this early age? Think of the pos- 
sibilities of the church if all her members 
were to get the vision of SERVICE in their 
vocation as do the foreign missionaries. 

It is the only real solution of the mission- 
ary problem. Miss Beard, in her book on 
missionary education, says, " Five dollars 
may be given today, but if the children are 
not educated rightly, five hundred dollars 
will be missing from the missionary offer- 

Royer Jr. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin 

ing tomorrow." We may succeed for a few 
years in raising our Forward Movement 
budget, but only as we succeed in getting 
missionary knowledge and intelligence into 
the hearts of our people will it have real 

Now, again, have you thought about it? 
This time I mean the possibilities of the 
Vacation School in meeting the need of 
missionary knowledge. Of course you have 
thought about a Vacation School, but have 
you thought about the opportunity it will 
offer? ' The prevalent excuse for not hav- 
ing mission study is, "We don't have time." 
The Vacation School provides time. Our 
General Mission Board, through its mis- 
sionary educational secretary, has provided 
an excellent course. The junior and pri- 
mary books especially are well adapted for 
the work. In a ten-day school the study 
books can be completed and certificates 
of graduation awarded. The churches that 
have used them have had enthusiastic suc- 
cess. The books are so well chosen that 
the children delight in reading them. The 
book on China, "Junior Folks at Mission 
Study," written by our own missionaries in 
a real junior style, should be of special 
interest. Then, too, the Mission Board of- 
fers slides for rental, which are an added 
aid in giving knowledge concerning our 
own missions. Again, we have a number 
of missionaries on furlough who no doubt 
would be willing to help out in the work 
by giving actual experiences. 

If we are not informed on the present 
mission study courses and the service of- 
fered to the churches, we owe it to our 
Sunday-schools and Vacation Schools to do 
so at our earliest opportunity. The effect 
is not especially miraculous, but its trans- 
forming power is convincing and consti- 
tutes a forward step toward the solution 
of our missionary problem. 

Write to the General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111., for the Mission Study Pros- 
pectus, which will give you information re- 
garding the courses. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Second Marathi District Meeting 


THE church at Ahwa had been look- 
ing forward to District Meeting. 
Prayer was frequently made that 
great blessing might come from the meet- 
ing. The boarding-school children, as well 
as the members of the Ahwa church, were 
eager to attend. 

But four rupees for car fare and other 
expenses seemed a big sum to our people, 
who are poor. The school-children have no 
money of their own and little opportunity 
to earn any. The missionary proposed to 
give them work outside of school hours. 
You should have seen them toiling and 
sweating in the grass fields when other 
laborers could not be hired. Other work 
was given in connection with the bungalow 
under construction. 

At last we were all ready to start. Nine- 
teen boys and thirteen girls, teachers, 
preachers, and Christians of these forests, 
with cooking vessels, blankets and cloth- 
ing, required about thirty oxcarts. There 
were eighty-seven in all. About a dozen 
walked the entire distance of twenty-four 
miles to the railway. A number of the carts 
were piled high with hay, so that the bul- 
locks need not go hungry. At mealtimes 
we stopped near some river, where there 
would be plenty of water for both man and 
beast. Soon all around little fires were 
blazing here and there, over which the rice 
was cooked or the unleavened breads were 

The first night we camped under some 
spreading banyan trees. A little native inn, 
with bamboo walls, grass roof and earth 
floor, furnished shelter for the women and 
girls. The men slept under the carts and 
here and there around the blazing fires. 
Fires are necessary to keep away the prowl- 
ing tigers, and the people with scanty cloth- 
ing need the warmth these chilly January 

At dawn the next day we set out again 
through the forest, and by noon we reached 
the small railway station at Kala Amba. 
More than fifty of our party had never seen 
a railway train. When the little train came 
slowly puffing in there was a rush to get 
into the train, regardless of the half-cooked 

K. Ebey 

meal and baggage scattered about. Finally 
when we explained that the train would not 
return for about three hours, they finished 
their meal, gathered up their baggage and 
sat in the train with some show of com- 

When the train started, eyes opened wide 
and they shrank back from the window. 
One little girl asked, "Mama, will it fall?" 
One of our brightest schoolboys could 
scarcely be persuaded to risk the dangers 
of this new outside world. Bro. Bala, who 
was baptized about a year ago, when asked 
whether he would go to District Meeting 
replied, " Not I. Here in this jungle I was 
born and here will I stay. When I die I 
will go to heaven and see a new place." 
But he was in the company, eager and alert 
to see the new things of the outside world. 

At sunset we reached Bilimora, where 
we take the train on the main line for 
Dahanu. We did not risk a night train, 
with so many children and inexperienced 
people. The station master kindly gave per- 
mission for our party to sleep in the little 
train, which stands on the track all night. 
In the morning we divided our company 
into parties of five or six, placing each party 
in charge of a teacher or some one accus- 
tomed to travel on the trains. 

By noon we reached Dahanu, with all our 
company safe, and all the baggage save 
one bag of grain which some one forgot 
to remove from the train. Our joy over the 
greeting of dear ones at the end of the 
journey, was saddened when we learned of 
the serious illness of little Ralph Alley. His 
mother had gone with him to the hospital 
at Bulsar and could not enjoy the meetings 
with us. We were glad to learn of his 
improvement later on. 

In the afternoon we took our Ahwa com- 
pany to the seaside, for only a few had ever 
seen the sea. It was a two-mile walk. The 
tide was out and the wide, sandy beach 
offered a place for gathering shells, build- 
ing sand castles and digging wells in the 
soft sand. At first when they heard the 
roar of the sea and saw the white breakers 
roll toward the shore they shrank back, but 
soon they ventured near the water, and 


The Missionary Visitor 


scooping some up in their hands began to 
drink it, and lo, it was bitter! One man 
said he had heard that sea water was salt, 
and he tasted it to see whether the report 
was true. 

At seven o'clock in the evening of Jan. 
24 all gathered into the neat, spacious 
schoolroom of Miss Ebbert's boarding- 
school girls for the first service. It was 
led by our Ahwa pastor, K. V. Hivali. He 
urged the need of prayer for the presence 
and help of the Holy Spirit during the 
meetings. A number led in earnest prayer 
that God's presence and power might abide 
with us. 

Saturday morning Jaivantrao Ranavare, 
of Dahanu, gave an address of welcome, 
and K. L. Parmar, of Vada, replied. An 
educational meeting followed. "How to get 
the people to appreciate education," " How 
to improve conditions among village peo- 
ple,"- and " How to increase the number of 
children in our schools " were the subjects 
discussed by some of the leaders from 
Vada, Ahwa and Dahanu. 

As soon as the meeting adjourned, the 
people went in a body to the station to 
meet our American visitors. With drums 
and cymbals and singing, with broad smiles 
and hearty salaams they manifested their 
joy over the coming of these dear ones. 

In the afternoon was held the missionary 
meeting. How to spread the Gospel among 
the people of India was discussed from 
various standpoints. One speaker urged 
that each member of the church bring at 
least one soul to Christ during the coming 
year. A general discussion on stewardship 
followed, and the meeting closed with many 
a new resolve to strive harder to give our 
Gospel to others. 

In the evening was the Sunday-school 
meeting. Several of those on the program 
were absent, but Bro. Williams through 
an interpreter told the people many inter- 
esting things about the Sunday-schools of 
the world, referring especially to the 
World's Sunday-school Convention in 

Sunday morning we convened in Sunday- 
school. There were ten classes, from tiny 
tots to a class of twenty or more missiona- 
ries, whose class was taught by Prof. 
Harnly. Then followed a sermon to the 

children by the Indian minister of Dahanu, 
S. M. Randevi. Not only the children but 
older ones appreciated this sermon. 

In the afternoon a very interesting pro- 
gram was given by the school-children of 
Dahanu and Ahwa. We deeply regretted 
that, on account of sickness, the Vada 
school-children could not be present. How- 
ever, Bro. Yoder used the half hour allotted 
to them, and through an interpreter gave 
a most interesting address to the children. 

In the evening was held the temperance 
meeting. Several speeches were made by 
Indian workers, and Prof. Harnly followed 
with an enthusiastic address through an 
interpreter. Bro. Hoffert then showed 
some lantern slides, dealing with different 
phases of the subject. 

Monday was devoted to the deepening of 
spiritual life and to the preparation for 
more and better service. Rev. S. R. 
Dougare, of Bombay, gave three Spirit- 
filled sermons. He spoke of the cross of 
Christ — what it cost Christ, what it means 
to us, and then of the Christian's race. 

Tuesday was held the. business session. 
A. Ebey was chosen moderator, F. M. Hol- 
lenberg, English secretary, and K. V. 
Hivali, Marathi secretary. Six delegates and 
six missionaries comprised the voting body. 

A query in regard to tithing was warm- 
ly discussed, but with no speech on the 
negative side. It was decided that every 
Christian should give a tenth of his in- 
come, not by constraint, but gladly for the 
work of the Lord. 

The various committees gave reports. The 
District Mission Board looks forward to 
opening work some place in our District. 
Bro. J. I. Kaylor is to represent our Dis- 
trict on the Standing Committee. The Dis- 
trict Meeting for 1922 is to be at Vada. 

Rs. 914-1-3, about $305, was the offering 
brought in by the delegates and given that 
day. The membership of our Marathi Dis- 
trict is about 250, and most of our members 
are poor. But they love to give for the 
work of the Lord. 

A season of prayer, farewells, and then 
this season of spiritual blessings was over. 
And yet we trust the richer blessing may 
follow in better Christian living and in 
greater service. 

Ahwa, Dangs, India, Feb. 1. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Hattie Z. Alley 
The mission is now taking a more active 
part in the Child Welfare Movement. On 
the evening of Dec. 28 a program was held 
at Bulsar. Dr. Nickey gave a talk on 
"The Care of the Expectant and Lying-in 
Mother"; Dr. Raguel (our Indian doctor at 
Bulsar), on "Home Remedies"; and Ram- 
abai (a graduate from the Training Col- 
lege), on "Kindergarten Training in the 
Home." She illustrated her talk with some 
helpful suggestions.. We are hoping and 
praying that the Indian church may really 
become awakened to the great opportuni- 
ties in this kind of service. 

In the first half of January a kindergarten 
was started at Bulsar, with Ramabai as 
teacher. Already about forty children 
have been enrolled— far too many for one 
teacher, but she is getting along nicely and 
the children are intensely interested. 


The last of December Dr. Nickey went 
to Lonavle, near Poona, for a much-needed 
rest. After two weeks she was again back 
at her post of duty. 


At Vada Dec. 31 seven boarding school 
children and five older persons were bap- 
tized. That evening a very spiritual love 
feast was held. Seventy communed. 

Jan. 6 little Clara, the daughter of Bro. 
Lellubhai Kalidas, who is in charge of the 
Wankel Boys' School, died of pneumonia. 
Three other children were ill at the time, 
but recovered. In the absence of Dr. 
Nickey, Brother and Sister Ross, taking an 
Indian doctor with them, went and did all 
they could for them. Clara was a very 
promising child and is greatly missed in 
the home. 

The latter part of December Brethren 
Williams, Yoder and Harnly arrived at 
Colombo, where they were met by Bro. 
Blough, who accompanied them during a 
two weeks' tour of the leading missions in 
South India. They arrived at Bulsar at 
4 A. M. Jan. 11. This was two days earlier 
than they were expected. Although their 
coming had long been anticipated, their 

arrival that morning was a complete sur- 
prise. Their presence on the field is a 
source of much inspiration to the mission- 
aries, and we feel that their stay with us 
will be far too short. 

Sister Himmelsbaugh is kept quite busy 
with the Babies' Home and the dispensary, 
yet she finds time to go out to the villages 
over each week-end. There was a failure 
of the late crops around Umalla, owing to 
the scarcity of rain during the last part 
of the monsoon, and also to the prevalence 
of rats. In some places parts of the early 
crops were destroyed by grasshoppers. 
Sister Himmelsbaugh writes: "People are 
hungry by the thousands out here in the 

Jan. 1 a love feast was held at Dahanu. 
Bro. Alley officiated and was assisted by 
Bro. Butterbaugh and our Indian minister, 
Bro. Satwickrao Ranadive. 

During the month there were several 
cases of chickenpox and measles in the 
Girls' Boarding School at Dahanu. Little 
Ralph Alley was quite ill of measles and 
he and his mother had to spend from Jan. 
21 to Feb. 1 at Bulsar with Dr. Nickey. We 
praise God for his recovery. 

The Marathi District Meeting was held 
at Dahanu Jan. 21-25. It was well attended 
and very interesting. Sister Alice K. Ebey 
will give the Visitor readers a full report. 

The Girls' Boarding School at Dahanu 
is growing. There are now thirty girls. 
Seven were admitted during the month. 
One death occurred — little Hera, who was 
found wandering near the station Oct. 24. 
She was emaciated and ill. Her father had 
died on the station. She was brought to 
the boarding school and treated. Several 
times she seemed to be improving, but it 
was only temporary. Then she rapidly 
grew worse and died Jan. 4. 

When the girls returned to the Ankles- 
var Boarding School from their Christmas 
vacation one little girl had a sore eye. In 
a very short time there were twenty-five 
cases of " eyes " in school. The last report 
was that all were recovering. Eight new 


The Missionary Visitor 


girls were admitted to the school at the 
beginning of the year. 
• <£ 

At Ahwa since Christmas thirty-nine 
have been baptized. One very encouraging 
feature of the work there is that converts 
come by families — father, mother and chil- 
dren who are old enough are all baptized 
in one day. Three grey-headed people 
were baptized in one day recently. The 
church is getting too small. It is with 
difficulty that room can be found inside 
for all who come. Last year not a single 
Christian in the Ahwa church died — cer- 
tainly an evidence of God's mercy and care. 
Since New Year two of the older Chris- 
tians passed away. 


As the month closes the Gujarati Breth- 
ren are assembling for their District Meet- 
ing, which will extend until March 3. Just 
now Brother and Sister Holsopple's two 
little girls are having whooping cough, but 
in spite of this we are anticipating a good 

During the cold season Brother and 
Sister Forney were able to spend some 
time in the districts east and west of Nav- 
sari. On the east are five village schools, 
and although some of the schools are weak, 
they were used as a means of gaining access 
to the people round about. One friendly 
patel invited them to pitch their tent in 
the shade of a magnificent mango tree on 
his ground. During the day, while Bro. 
Forney was visiting schools, Sister Forney 
and Lucile were able to meet a number of 
women who came to the tent from the 
near-by villages. At night lantern lectures 
on temperance subjects and the life o,f 
Christ were given. Among the villages on 
the west side, also, lantern lectures on tem- 
perance were given. Some of the work 
which Bro. Forney started years ago in 
these villages was followed up by Brethren 
Long and Emmert, and a few have become 
Christians. Since the last report from this 
station three have been baptized. In one 
village where we have had a school for 
years the people say that they have put 
away their idols and now pray to God. 
Let us pray that they will soon be real 

February was a very full month for the 
missionaries at Vyara, as will be seen by 
the following quotations from a letter from 
Bro. Wagoner: "We have known for some 
time that Bro. Long and family would soon 
be leaving for the States. The preparations 
for going and for leaving the work here in 
good form have taken much time. They 
left on Monday, Feb. 21, after having re- 
ceived a rousing farewell at the station. 
The boys and girls from the two schools, 
and many of the prominent men of the 
town, were there to bid them good-bye 
and Godspeed. They were all beautifully 
decorated with garlands of flowers, and 
there was speech making in abundance. 
When we see the seeming appreciation in 
which they were held, and hear from others 
of the good work they have been doing, 
we feel somewhat of the task that is left on 
those who remain, taking up the work. But 
they have earned a rest, and deserve it, 
and we are most glad that they can have 
it. And we know that our Father is as much 
interested in the work as he ever was, and 
is just as able to help. 

" The Brethren from home were here 
for a few days. As usual they were dec- 
orated with flowers. Several out-stations 
were visited. We feel that their stay with us 
will result in much good for the mission, 
as we are sure that they have a pretty 
definite idea as to our needs. While they 
were here we had the opening services of 
our new girls' school. Some of the town 
officials came out, and all seemed much 
pleased with the character of the work. 
About a week ago the girls moved out into 
their new quarters. The lines for the 
teachers will also be completed soon. That 
is, they would be if we were in America. 
Here it may take longer. 

" During the month about twenty-five of 
the older boys have been out in the dis- 
trict in evangelistic work. Much preach- 
ing was done, many tracts were distributed, 
and several were baptized. 

"At present our people are preparing to 
go to the District Meeting at Vali. Our 
girls are getting ready for another year's 
school work at the hills. A short time 
ago there were fourteen missionary folk 
here. In a few more days there will be 
five left; and perhaps later in the season 



The Missionary Visitor 


only three. So the work goes on: high 
tides part of the time, and then low tides. 
Will you pray for us at all times?" 

Bro. Williams and his party spent from 
Feb. 22 to the 25th at Dahanu. They 
visited several of our village schools and 
both boarding schools. Their stay here 
was very much appreciated by both mis- 
sionaries and Indian Christians. 

Word has just been received that Brother 
and Sister Long and family and Sister 
Josephine Powell sailed from Calcutta on 
Saturday, Feb. 26, and that Bro. Arnold's 
were, not allowed to go because Barbara 
broke out with chicken pox after they 
reached Calcutta. This was quite a dis- 
appointment to them. We are hoping and 
praying that they may be able to sail at 
an early date. 

Dahanu, Thana E)ist. 


Liao Chou 

We had one week of very cold weather, 
when the thermometer registered from fif- 
teen to eighteen degrees below zero every 
morning. This meant suffering for many 
of the poor who were scantily clad and fed 
this year. Some distribution of food to the / 
poor has continued since Christmas, and 
the number of needy ones will increase as 
the spring months come. 

We are glad to report better health con- 
ditions in our boarding-schools than we had 
at this time last year when we were still 
fighting influenza and about forty of the 
boys had to be accommodated in the hos- 
pital. With 175 boys and fifty-nine girls 
we are not eager for epidemics to break 
out among them. Just now there are a 
few cases of chicken pox in both schools, 
but we hope to keep it under control. 

Bro. Bright, of Pingting Chou, has been 
with us for a week, looking over the com- 
pound with a view to locating the buildings 
to be erected here this year, arranging 
plans and the purchasing of building ma- 

Brethren Seese and Flory made a trip to 
the adjoining counties, west and south of 
Liao County, to investigate the famine con- 
ditions. In some places they found the 
local officials planning to care for the need, 
but in others they appealed to us for help. 
Many will die unless help from the outside 
reaches them. 

Sister Senger has been out at Yu Hse 
Hsien for nearly three months. She re- 
ports an interesting class, with a few wom- 
en in the city, and trips to a number of 
villages out from there. She plans soon 
to return. 

We have begun on a dyke here, to pro- 
tect the mission compound from the river, 
and have seventy-five men on the work. 
They are being paid with famine funds. 
We are to open other work soon. 

During the special week of evangelism 
Bro. Ernest Wampler went to Yu Hse Hsien 
and spent the week with the workers at 
that place. He reports an interesting time 
with them. At Liao the Christian men and 
women and older boys and girls went out 
into many villages, preaching and singing 
the gospel message. As nearly all of the 
foreign workers were out of the city at 
this time this work was conducted by the 
native Christians. 

The Bible School for men, which has 
been started at this place under the direc- 
tion of Bro. Oberholtzer, has closed for the 
time being, and the men are assisting in 
the famine relief work. Bro. Oberholtzer 
hopes to be able to open again about the 
first of March. 


As soon as the fall term of the Women's 
School closed the women's quarters were 
given over to the famine work. About 100 
children are being fed here and about fifty 
women are allowed to make their own liv- 
ing by sewing. The American Red Cross is 
furnishing the money to pay for the food 
for the children and the work for the 
women, but the materials to work on are 
bought with money furnished by our faith- 
ful friends in the homeland. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Feb. 5 to 7 a called mission meeting was 
held at Pingting, to discuss some of the 
best methods of giving famine relief with 
the funds sent to us from the church at 
home. Many other matters of general in- 
terest were discussed. 

We are very glad for the interest the Red 
Cross has shown in our problem of feeding 
the people of this county. They are plan- 
ning to build a cart road from Ping Ting 
to Liao Chou, which will make travel be- 
tween these two stations much easier, and 
the time consumed in going from one place 
to the other will be much shorter. 

Shou Yang 

The Chinese New Year has come and 
gone and the pupils have returned to 
school. .Many ask for admittance into the 
schools, but both boys and girls have been 
turned away for lack of room. 

Brethren Flory and Heisey were away 
from the station for several weeks, doing 
famine relief work in Yu Hsien. 

During the week of evangelism Bro. 
Heisey was away, so the burden fell on the 
Chinese evangelist. He did quite a bit of 
itinerating among the villages, two of the 
pre-Boxer Christians helping him. 

Mary Schaeffer, with her Bible woman, 
visited different villages during that week. 
Because the New Year season is the one 
month in the year when the women are 
idle, they had large, attentive audiences. 
The young women especially are eager to 
hear. If the people were not afraid of be- 
ing a laughing stock many more would 


(Continued from Page 134) 

from the vision of these beautiful Christian 
faces, so entirely different from their 
heathen neighbors round about. 

There are about 70,000 Christians con- 
nected with this mission. Only three men 
and thirteen women constitute the mission- 
ary staff. No more men are particularly 
asked for. The large number of women 
means that the native women are not yet 

so far advanced in the Christian life as the 
men and still need much foreign help. This 
mission has a high school and college at- 
tendance, I believe, of about 3,000. 

One evening four splendid Indian Chris- 
tian ministers, leaders of the church here, 
came in at our invitation to spend an hour 
with us and to tell of their church work. 
They are gradually taking over the work, 
and the missionaries feel that their service 
soon will not be needed. There is an Eng- 
lish bishop. Under him are chairmen pas- 
tors. Each of these ministering chairmen 
has under him from seven to ten pastors, 
while under the pastors may be as many 
as ten or twenty catechists, or village 
teachers. The English mission last year v 
gave 16,000 rupees for the work, the govern- 
ment -50,000 rupees in behalf of the mis- 
sion's educational program, while the na- 
tives themselves give out of their meager 
incomes 110,000 rupees. The mission also 
supports the Christian Bishop Azariah and 
seven helpers in a mission, of their own up 
in the Telugu country. That " foreign " 
work is fifteen years old and has 2,000 con- 
verts. That in turn sends out three 
" foreign " workers and has a mission of 
1,000 converts. 

I say that in this work at Tinnevelly is the 
answer to the challenge of idolatry as 
typified by the great temple worship at 
Madura. How India is to be Christianized 
is seen through the work of these natives 
better than I can tell you. 

" O rock, rock, when will you open to 
us?" exclaimed the missionary,' Xavier, as 
he battled against Indian heathenism cen- 
turies ago. But the rock of Indian idolatry 
will not break as he would suppose. Rather 
it is like a great, uninhabited mountain, 
standing between the living water and 
perishing souls. God's messengers are to 
tunnel through this rocl^, so that the water 
may through this conduit flow out into the 
desert beyond, to support, quicken and save 
the famishing millions who dwell there. 
" God's cause will triumph " is written high 
in the sky of every nation. His peace is 
in the hearts of peoples in every clime. 
His name is lisped by the babes of every 
race. He will conquer. 

In love, as ever, 

J. H. B. Williams. 



The Missionary Visitor 



Jjnmr gtelba 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

The Challenge of the City 

M. Clyd< 

ALTHOUGH we have a large number 
of city churches, yet they have not 
mastered city evangelization. There 
are noble exceptions, but they are com- 
paratively few. Even some that have been 
organized for decades are facing problems 
that seem to defy solution, while many 
new organizations have not even made a 
statesmanlike survey of the situation as it 
really is. 

There is some discouragement and de- 
spair concerning the outlook in the city. 
Not many leaders have this attitude, how- 
ever. But there are workers who think 
that the city should be abandoned, and all 
organized effort confined to the rural field. 
§ome have even suggested, as a reason for 
such a change in policy, that our principles 
and methods are not adapted to city life, 
and that therefore success in that field is 

But such an attitude does not harmonize 
with our plea for the apostolic faith and 
practice. While many of the primitive con- 
gregations were undoubtedly in the coun- 
try, yet it seems clear that the strength of 
the apostolic church was in the city. The 
Acts of the Apostles abounds in narratives 
of city evangelization, and in the epistles 
such cities as Ephesus, Philippi, Corinth, 
and Rome are recognized as strategic cen- 
ters of influence. 

Our failures in the city indicate that we 
are not in the apostolic succession. While 
we observe the apostolic sacraments, and 
endeavor to maintain the primitive moral 
standards, we lack in virility of message 
and in adaptation of method. We are in- 
different to apostolic succession in ordina- 
tion, and legitimately so, but we dare not 
ignore the Gospel that Paul preached, nor 
fail to be all things to all men as he was, 
if we would succeed in the city as he did. 


In the survey of the Interchurch World 
Movement, American volume, pages 17 to 
47, many suggestions concerning the prob- 
lems of city evangelization and their solu- 
tion are given. While it may not be safe 
to dogmatize in harmony with all the con- 
clusions based upon a preliminary survey, 
yet those suggestions, translated into the 
language of our experience and observa- 
tion, ought to stimulate our resourcefulness 
in answering the challenge of the city. 

It is evident that our message must be 
more spiritual. We must exalt the cruci- 
fied and risen Son of God as the only vic- 
tory over the power of sin, as well as the 
only escape from the penalty of sin. This 
is the Gospel of grace everywhere, but the 
need thereof is more apparent in the city, 
where the moral bank account is low, and 
where outward temptations are so persist- 
ent. Legalism, in its various forms, has 
robbed us of much of the primitive power 
of the Gospel. 

The city church, moreover, must render 
service, as well as conduct " services." This 
axiom has scarcely gone beyond the realm 
of the academic among us. We h^ave not 
applied it to the program of the church. 
But there must be shepherding as well as 
preaching. Training is as necessary as 
teaching, and well-directed activity is an 
indispensable means of grace. The church 
must be a home for people, as well as the 
dwelling place of God. It must be a social 
center, as well as a spiritual mecca. The 
church, as well as the ideal bishop, must 
be a lover of hospitality. 

Special provision for the young people 
must be made in the city church. Substi- 
tution of the wholesome for the unwhole- 
some is the ideal method of discipline. The 
command to overcome evil with good has 
a wider application than to the doctrine of 


The Missionary Visitor 



non-resistance. One challenge of the city 
is to rescue the legitimate from the exclu- 
sive control of the evil one, and to restore 
it to the place provided for it in the pur- 
pose of God. It has been aptly suggested 
that play has been crime, until crime has 
become play. There are many more per- 
versions of the legitimate that have worked 
havoc with souls, because we have not 
provided for the normal expression of that 
youthfulness which is the handiwork of 
God himself. 

Furthermore, the city church must en- 
deavor to create environment. The sum of 
individual characters must be organized 
to formulate definite and conscious com- 
munity standards. The constituency of the 
church ought to be a civic asset. While 
education, social service, and reform dare 
not supplant the sword of the Spirit, as the 
weapon of the church, yet Christians 

should not be negligent in rendering to 
Caesar the things that are Caesar's. 

It is easier to ask questions concerning 
details in the social program of the church, 
than safely to dogmatize. Second things 
are so likely to be put first, and incidentals 
persist in becoming fundamentals. The 
kingdom often suffers violence. It is well 
to be certain that a given policy is sup- 
ported by New Testament principles before 
committing the church, or any part of the 
church, to it. 

The city confronts us with a great chal- 
lenge. But its defiance of Paul and his 
associates was just as strong. But the 
Lord reminded him by a vision in Corinth 
that heaven is more intensely interested in 
the city than the earthly worker. We all 
need a similar vision, in order to answer 
the challenge with courage and success. 

The Country Minister and the Community 



THE rural kingdom of God in America 
is just in the making. Since the 
great world war, two terms have 
come into prominence — " The Country 
Church " and " The Rural Community." 
The nineteenth century witnessed the de- 
terioration and disregard of the neighbor- 
hood; the twentieth is to see its revalu- 
ation and reconstruction. This great 
democracy of ours is made up of a number 
of smaller democracies, the unitary basis 
of which is the neighborhood community. 
The reconstructed neighborhood is thus 
the fulfillment of democracy. By com- 
munity we mean, not a fixed, geographical 
area, but " a group or company of people, 
living close together, in contiguous terri- 
tory, coming to think and act together to 
achieve the chief concerns of life." In this 
achievement, psychic community centers 
are essential, about which the whole life of 
the community swings. Of these the com- 
munity church stands out as prominent and 

The constituency of the Church of the 
Brethren is largely made up* of rural 
folk. The Church of the Brethren has 


been a rural church from its inception. It 
is one of the few religious bodies that have 
held their ground in the country. It has 
never sought to forsake the rural field. The 
strength of the Brethren church lies in the 
fact that a majority of its congregations 
are located in prosperous rural communities^ 
backed by a progressive, land-owning 
citzenry. We are a rural people; we are 
rurally minded; our religion is cast in the 
spirit of the out-of-doors; our church polity 
has evolved from a rural background; our 
field of greatest service is here in rural 
America. Conservative estimates today 
would say that at least 85 per cent of our 
Brotherhood resides in rural villages and 
the open country. The rural phase of the 
home field is, therefore, deserving of special 

There is just one rural problem: that of 
developing a standard, progressive, perma- 
nent civilization in our rural communities 
embodying the highest Christian ideals of 
happiness, efficient service and progress. 
The key to the solution is through the con- 
version of the whole community to a whole- 
some, sane, Christian idealism. "Right- 



The Missionary Visitor 


eousness exalteth a nation " still holds and 
will be realized when the church and its 
allies perform their complete function. 
The ideal for the new day is the one, strong, 
permanent community church of noble 
architecture, properly located, having a ca- 
pable resident pastor, and carrying out a 
balanced program of social and religious 
activity for the whole community. The one 
church ministering to the whole community 
through the one program, tends to unify the 
people and produce a homogeneous society. 
In a majority of cases the Church of the 
Brethren is the one church in the com- 
munity; it is ours to enter the open door 
to the enlarged field of community service 
of the new day in rural community build- 

The Function of the Modern Country 

One authority states that the primary 
function of the church today is, " to make 
effective in present-day personal experience 
and social relationships the ideals of char- 
acter and action set forth by Jesus in his 
life and teachings." Another authority in 
the rural field states that the function of 
the modern community church is " to 
create, maintain, and enlarge both individ- 
ual and community ideals, under the in- 
spiration and guidance of the Christian 
motif and teaching, and to aid rural peo- 
ple to incarnate these ideals in personal 
and family life; in industrial and economic 
effort; in political and educational develop- 
ment; and in all social relationships." Thus 
the organized church becomes the func- 
tional agent through which the " reign of 
God " is realized in the community. The 
community church serves in the capacity of 
a guiding agency as well as a saving agen- 
cy k The church, through its complete pro- 
gram, should interpret religion from the 
rural point of view so that it will be at- 
tractive, satisfying, wholesome, and prac- 
tical. Vital religion, wherever found, will 
fruit in distinguished Christian service. 

If religion is central in life, then the 
church must be made central in the com- 
munity. The problem in many places is, 
" How may the church again become cen- 
tral in this community?" There are many 
places where the church was once central, 
but as time went on it lost its place, in that 

its program did not keep pace with the 
demand of the times, and thus ceased to 
challenge the support and service of folks. 
In time other agencies crept in and capital- 
ized the failure of the church. The church 
to become central in the life of the neigh- 
borhood will need to take an active part 
in supporting every legitimate, purposeful 
enterprise that makes for community 
betterment. In reality the church is part 
and parcel of the community, and rises or 
falls with it. In the new day into which 
we are being ushered, the church will be its 
own evangelist. The task calls for a stand- 
ard membership whose wholesome Chris- 
tian personality breeds faith and confidence 
in others. The " evangel " is the Gospel of 
the good news of the kingdom — the new, 
saving, inspiring, hope-bringing relation- 
ship toward God and fellow-man; the new 
social gospel that the " kingdom of God 
is within," and that we are the standard 
bearers of Divine good will! 

Relation of the Pastor to His Community 
The office of a real pastor is that of 
community religious expert. Give your 
pastor the same chance to shape up the 
spiritual aspects of the community as you 
do the county agricultural expert or State 
veterinarian along their lines. The pastor, 
however, must train himself for special 
service along his line if he would command 
equal recognition with other professional 
leaders. The immediate work of the pastor 
is with his local membership, yet he should 
be a " community man," who thinks and 
works in terms of the well being of the 
" whole community." The church can well 
afford to " lend its pastor " to the com- 
munity for such helpfulness to individuals, 
agencies, and causes as will definitely con- 
tribute to the building up of the community. 
The church is strong or weak as the com- 
munity is strong or weak. 

That pastor who does not, or who can- 
not, share in the civic, literary, educational, 
agricultural, and recreational life of his 
community as a leader, and give these ac- 
tivities thought and direction, is not ren- 
dering the service that country folk have 
a right to expect. Our colleges have a 
very important function to perform — that 
of sending out virile young ministers, ade- 
quately trained for rural leadership. We 



The Missionary Visitor 


need leaders who are rurally minded, com- 
munity minded, as well as denominationally 
minded. The Brotherhood welcomes the 
special courses for rural ministers and re- 
ligious workers being offered by our various 
colleges. Our young men of today need 
to have the great opportunities and possi- 
bilities of the rural field set forth in their 
best light. They need to become acquainted 
with such great rural leaders, as Frederic 
Oberlin, who served the rural peasantry of 
Walbach, in the Vosges Mountains, for 
sixty years. In that period he took a peo- 
ple sunk in poverty, slavery, and ignorance 
and transformed them into a society of 
comfort, contentment, culture and refine- 
ment. Another wonderful rural parish is at 
Eversly, Eng., where Charles Kingsley 
, spent thirty-three years in building up a 
poverty-stricken community characterized 
by "want of houses" and "abundance of peat 
bogs"; and great leaders from all over the 
world came to find the secret of building up 
the kingdom. The secret may be summed 
up in this, that " the social, economic, 
educational, agricultural side of the com- 
munity life was developed simultaneously 
with the religious." Only leadership hav- 
ing intelligent consecration, broad, for- 
ward-looking vision, and adaptability can 
lift a community out of its static, self- 
satisfied condition. The world is still being 
made, and when the rural preacher can 
preach Christ in terms of creation, we will 
find that all men will begin " to call upon 
the name of the Lord." 

The Country Minister as Religious 

As religious engineer, the minister has 
a twofold function. First, it is the min- 
ister's job to " preach the Gospel " in a 
vital, attractive, telling way. There should 
be a definite pulpit policy, having order, 
purpose and goal. Each message should 
be fresh, well-wrought, essential, and of 
a high order. The message must be prac- 
tical, in that it reaches down into the 
minutia of everyday experience of the par- 
ish folk, but it must also link the individual 
and the group up with the great spiritual 
forces and movements of the world out- 
side. Religion must be made a dynamic, 
functional and directive in the everyday 
life of country folks. 

The minister must also be a pastor. In 
this capacity the real groundwork service 
is rendered. No pastor can be a real min- 
ister until he has personal acquaintance- 
ship with the home life, the home members 
and the home problems. In a certain sense 
the church is the aggregate of the homes 
of its membership, and the home problems 
are the church problems. The pastoral 
duties of a country minister are unique and 
interesting. Country folks want a pastor 
who is rurally minded, who is in sympathy 
with rural life, and isn't afraid to work. 
That pastor will have the backing of his 
parish if he can convert himself into a real 
farmer several days a week and share the 
farmer's common experiences and satisfac- 
tions. The rural minister needs a car for 
the work of the present day. He should 
always carry with him a pair of coveralls, 
and should be subject to call at any time 
and for any service his people may need. 
That pastor who is generous with his serv- 
ice will find that his people will more than 
reciprocate the service in kindnesses and 

The pastor is to be considered the re- 
ligious expert. He is responsible for shap- 
ing the' religious program with the help 
of his board members and teaching staff. 
He should keep in vital touch with every 
organized group and see to it that they are 
realizing their highest aims. The minister 
should see that the church plant has neces- 
sary equipment; a curriculum of adequate 
religious instruction; and a program of 
social and religious activity of sufficient 
scope to minister to the needs of the com- 

The Community Pastor as the Social 

Being a "good mixer" is essential for a 
successful rural ministry. Religion has 
to do with vital, wholesome social con- 
tacts; therefore it is the duty of the pas- 
tor to shape up an adequate program of 
social activities that will include all classes 
and organized groups of the entire com- 
munity. The law of cooperative commu- 
nity building is " First get the community 
to 1 play together; then fellowship to- 
gether; then work together; and then 
worship together as one neighborhood 


The Missionary Visitor 


Upon entering a new field the pastor 
should take plenty of time to acquaint him- 
self with "actual conditions" before he at- 
tempts to " programize." The pastor must 
be a cautious, intelligent listener, for as 
time goes on he will need to discriminate 
and sift the flood of community lore of 
grief, traditional feuds, community gossip, 
etc., that comes to the minister's ear. A 
wise minister forgets most of this sort of 
thing and goes ahead with his construc- 
tive program to build up the community. 
After a while troublesome folks get 
ashamed of themselves and mend their 
ways. Most every community has some 
high barriers to harmonious, united effort, 
and it takes a tactful social engineer to 
"iron some of them out." Take courage, 
fellow-pastor; it's the Lord's work and 
your job; it must be done and YOU are 
the logical one to tackle it. 

A country pastor, in a large sense, should 
be the "community social engineer." The 
pastor is in position to direct the social 
ideals and program of social activity as no 
other. It is essential that a portion of his 
time be spent behind closed doors in com- 
munion with the Scriptures and literature 
of the world's best scholarship, but it is 
also essential that the pastor should get 
out with his people and keep in close, 
sympathetic touch with the problems of 
every home and community in general. 
Folks have a right to expect their pastor 
to effect a program for social reconstruc- 
tion. The policy of such a program should 
be to get everybody vitally connected with 
some organized group dedicated to essen- 
tial, purposeful activity. Make special oc- 
casions for wholesome social contacts, 
such as community days, community events, 
holidays, community picnics, religious 
events, forum meetings, contests, school- 
days, community sings, social gatherings, 
reunions, etc. Where the community has 
ample opportunity for wholesome social 
exchange during the week there will be less 
danger of devoting the Sabbath to mere 
social endeavor. Furthermore, the pastor 
should try to get every organization and 
institution in the community to cooperate 
on the basis of an All-Community-Better- 
ment-Program. Only those communities 
having this larger vision and desire will 

be permitted to enter the new day dawning 
in the open country. 

Some Things Every Community May Have 

There is a man in our church who says 
repeatedly, " We can have anything in this 
■community, IF we want it badly enough." 
I am setting about to see if the statement 
is true. Suppose we all try. Following 
are some things various communities are 
enjoying and that your community may 
have for the GETTING if you don't al- 
ready have them: 

A strong community church with a 
modern program. 

A competent, full-time pastor with 
adequate salary and parsonage. 

A well-organized and graded Sunday- 
school, with teaching staff. 

A consolidated grade and community 
high school. 

Boys' and girls' agricultural clubs, ex- 
hibition, prizes. 

A rural community forum. 

Saturday afternoon baseball and or- 
ganized community play. 

Clean, high-class entertainment and 

A circulating rural library from the State 
extension department. 

A lyceum lecture course of good quality. 

A home-talent course — debates, pageantry, 
declamation and oratorical contests, musical 
programs, plays, etc. 

A farmers' exchange and shipping asso- 

An annual agricultural essay contest. 

^Esthetic club for beautifying the home 
and country side. 

Good roads and community betterment 

A community consciousness, community 
loyalty, community program. 

The building of the kingdom in rural 
society must be by the law of collective 
social " tellesis," consciously and intelli- 
gently working toward a definite goal with 
the possibility of reaching it. The march- 
ing orders are still the same, " beginning at 
Jerusalem." Begin at home. The com- 
munity around your church is the major 
part of your world. The great commission 
can be accomplished only by a complete 
program of religious training and activity, 
intensely carried out by the church. 


The Missionary Visitor 




An Unwelcome Baby 

Mrs. Minnie F. Bright 

SHE was a dear little black-eyed baby 
girl, and in some countries would have 
been joyously welcomed. But alas! 
the dear baby came to a heathen home, and 
being a girl was not wanted. Perhaps they 
had all the girls they wanted or were too 
poor to care for even one. I do not know 
why her parents did not love her enough 
to keep her; at least they did not 'kill her, 
as is so often done to these dear' babies, 
and for that we can be glad. The father 
and mother talked over the matter of how 
to dispose of her and finally decided to take 
her to the city, where some missionaries 
lived, and offer her to them. They doubt- 
less heard of the kindness of these people, 
and perhaps after all did love the baby a 
bit. If the missionaries would take the 
baby, they would be glad to give her away. 
And if the missionaries did not want her — 
well, then she might have to be killed. 

So the father picked up his baby, which 
was only a day or two old, and stuck it in 
a sort of pocket on the inside of his big 
coat, and started for the missionaries' home. 
He lived in a village not far away, and it 
did not take him long to make the trip. 
Arriving at the missionaries' home he 
greeted them and pointing to the bundle 
inside his coat said he had brought a baby 
to give them if they would only take it. The 
baby was taken from the father's pocket 
and laid on a table, where it opened its little 
black eyes to the strange world about it. 
Of course the missionaries would not let 
the father go away with the baby, for they 
well knew its little life would likely be 
taken. So they decided to keep it, tell the 
Chinese Christians of the place about it, 
and ask them if they would be willing to 
support the child and then call it the 
church's baby. The Christians were happy 
to receive the baby and gladly bore the 

small expense of keeping it. The expense 
was around a dollar a month. They hired 
a wet nurse for it and some of the Chris- 
tian women made some garments for it and 
a few pieces of bedding. Every one had an 
interest in the new baby, for it belonged to 
all of them. They were anxious to see it 
grow fat and rosy. Its new nurse did not 
prove very kind to it. She stole its clothes 
and bedding and gave them to her own chil- 
dren. It was thin and sickly and the Chris- 
tians were anxious about it. They decided 
to engage another nurse, and it grew a 
little better. But poor baby had a hard 
time passing from one place to another. It 
finally came into good hands, and here it 
grew and grew and " cooed " and develop- 
ed into a lovely little girl, loved and cher- 
ished by the church and its new parents as 

When the Christians were consulting as 
to a new home for the baby, there were 
in the mission hospital a lady and her hus- 
band who had been there several years 
and had learned to love the Jesus doctrine. 
This lady had come many miles to the 
foreign doctor in hopes he could cure her 
of tuberculosis. An arm and leg were bad- 
ly affected, and in time both had to be am- 
putated to save her life. The missionaries 
and Chinese Christians had always been 
so kind to her and she loved them very 
much. She had grown to be so patient and 
cheerful in her suffering, and sometimes 
would sing all through the night from the 
beginning of the song book to the end, and 
would say it was better to sing than to cry 
for pain. Though she seemed very stupid 
at first and was so shy and timid, she 
changed into a beautiful Christian because 
she learned of Jesus. It took her many 
months to grow strong and it was at this 
time that the welfare of the church's baby 



The Missionary Visitor 


was puzzling the Christians. She and her 
husband said they wanted the baby to take 
and keep as their own. And the church 
gave the baby to them. They called the 
baby " Cinnamon Flower," a lovely name 
for a little girl, for the flower is so fra- 
grant and beautiful. Now the baby was w r ell 
cared for, and though its new mother had 
only one arm and one leg, it was wonder- 
ful the things she could do for the baby. 
And she was so happy in her new posses- 
sion. There were a few things she could 
not do with one hand, and that was to sew 
the soles onto the little shoes and the col- 
lars on the little coats. But for the things 
she could not do the other Christian women 
would gladly lend a helping hand. 

The baby was always kept a model of 
neatness and cleanliness, and grew so fat 
and rosy and cunning. When she reached 
three years of age she would carry her 
mother's song book and Bible to church. 
And year by year as she grew she would do 
so many kind and helpful things for her 
crippled mother. 

And " Cinnamon Flower," who was not 
wanted by her own parents and was 
brought to the missionaries by her father 
in his coat pocket, and given away, is now 
a happy and beautiful schoolgirl and grow- 
ing into usefulness for the Master. She 
will always be grateful to the kind hearts 
who received her. 

A Boy Called to Be a Missionary 

TWENTY years ago one summer 
Sunday afternoon a little boy lay 
with his head in that sweetest nook 
on earth, his mother's lap. She asked him, 
as mothers will, you know: 

" Son, what do you want to do when you 
grow to be a man?" 

" Well, mama, you told us in Sunday- 
school this morning how they plow with a 
wooden plow and an oxteam in Palestine. 
Don't they know anything about mules and 
iron plows and harrows and binders like 
papa has? " 

On being told that they did not, he con- 

" Mama, I'm going over there and show 
those people how to farm." 

Silence caused the boy to glance up into 
his mother's face with a questioning look, 
and there he saw two tears trickling down. 
She laid her hand upon his head and said in 
a quiet, far-away voice that still echoes in 
that boy's heart: 

" Yes, son, you may if you wish." 

But he forgot his wish, although his 
mother did not. He soon learned that 
things could be made to obey his will. He 
learned how men dug mines in the earth, 
and brought up iron and copper and stone 
and made them into bridges and dams and 
railroads and ships. These things became 
of as great interest to him in real life as 
they had been in his playtime days. 

One day the wires clicked out the mes- 
sage that the boy would see his mother's 
face no more. In the lonely weeks that 
followed the boy again remembered his 
wish of long ago, and in the little room at 
college the evil one and the Son of God 
strove for that boy's life. It was then he 
came to realize that God does not measure 
success by the wonderful things one does, 
but by the happiness he brings to others. 

Again the long, weary years came and 
went, and today that mother's prayer is 
answered. The boy will not teach the na- 
tives of Palestine how to farm, but he goes 
across the sea to those who know not our 
Jesus, and that mother's tears were not in 

Mother, can you with the eye of faith 
look into the future, and even while you 
feel the tug on your heartstrings, pray? 
And, son, will you answer — in twenty 


Her Boy. 

Lord Bacon said, " Tell me what the 
young men of Oxford University are think- 
ing, and I will tell you how events will go 
in England in a quarter of a century from 

Above all else this country needs a na- 
tion-wide revival of old-fashioned, prayer- 
meeting religion. — Manufacturers' Record. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Corrections: 1. See December Visitor: — Under 
China Famine Relief, No. Indiana, contribution $150 
credited to Second So. Bend, should instead have 
been to credit of First So. Bend; $100 of this sum 
is to the credit of Sister Maggie A. Johnson; like- 
wise under Liao Chou X-Ray Fund the amount of 
$95.64 is also a credit to First So. Bend. 

2. See March Visitor: — Under China Famine, So. 
Illinois, contribution of Mrs. Marguerite Laildon, 
$128 should be a credit to Liberty Church. 

3. See April Visitor:— Under China Famine, Idaho, 
contribution of A. J. & E. J. Detrick, $12 should 
have been noted as from A. J. Detrick and wife. 

During the month of March, the Board sent out 
17,160 tracts. The following contributions to the 
Board's funds were received during March: 

Arkansas— $6.00 

First Dist., Indv.: Miriam Moore, $1; 
Mrs. Mattie Moore, $5 $ 6 00 

Canada— $2.11 

Indv.: Mrs. C. S. Blong, 2 10, 

Denmark— $212.45 

Cong.: Thy, $36.38; Vendsyssel, $31.17; 

Denmark Mission, $144.90 212 45 

Illinois— $44.64 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany Jr. (Chicago), 
$5; Dixon, $14.39, 19 39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $12.50; As- 
toria, $12.50; Indv.: Samuel Funk, 25c, .. v . 25 25 
Indiana— $24.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Chas. E. Butter (Peru), 
$22; I. S. Burns (M. N.), 50c 22 50 

No. Dist., Indv.: Mary Ulery, 2 00 

Iowa— $45.50 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: M. W. Eikenberry (M. 
N.) 50 

No. Dist., Indv.: N. W. Miller, $6; Rev. 
S. S. Neher (M. N.), 50c, 6 50 

So. Dist., Indv.: J. S. Albright, $31.50; 

L. E. and E. E. Buzzard, $7, 38 50 

Maryland— $115.30 

E. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Dam, $35; S. S.: 
Westminster, Meadow Branch Cong, $26.97; 
Indv.: O. A. Helbig and Wife, $8 69 97 

W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, 45 33 

Michigan— $32.00 

Cong.: Woodland Village, 32 00 

Missouri — $7.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: D. H. Plank, $2; Elda 

Gauss, $5, 7 00 

Montana— $1.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grand View 1 00 

New Jersey— $2.00 

Indv.: Louisa A. Burris, 2 00 

Ohio— $86.40 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Owl Creek. $27.50; 
Mrs. G. A. Richman (Bristolville), $1; Mrs. 
Henry Strom (Bristolville), $4; Ralph 
Everitt and Wife (Bristolville), $5; Aid So- 
ciety: Owl Creek, $8 45 50 

N. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Sugar Creek, $10; 
Indv.: Rev. O. P. Haines (M. N.), 50c, .... 10 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Missionary Committee, 
Sugar Hill, $5; S. S. : Bethel, Salem Cong., 

$23.40; Indv.: Katie Beath, $2, 30 40 

Oklahoma— $1.00 

Indv.: E. S. Fouts (M. N.) 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $249.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, $144.40; 
Indv.: S. S. Lint, $3; Nathan Martin (M. 
N.\ $1 148 40 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntingdon, $13.80; 
Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $7, 20 80 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $16; 
Indv.: Anna S. Hudack, $27.30, 43 30 

So. Dist., Indv.: D. B. Hostetter, $8; Wm. 

W. Leiter and Wife, $15 23 00 

W. Dist., Indv.: H. L. Griffith, $8; Linda 
Griffith, $5; Thomas Hardin, $1, 14 00 

Tennessee— $11.85 

Cong.: Limestone, $4.85; Indv.: H. J. 

Young, $7 11 85 

Virginia— $73.54 

First Dist., Indv.: C. A. Pursley, 3 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Penny Collection of 1920, 

Timberville, 68 29 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. M. Click (San- 

gerville), $2; Indv.: G. H. Swartz, 25c, .... 2 25 

West Virginia— $85.40 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek 75 00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: No. 52933 10 40 

Total for the month $ 1,000 18 

Illinois— $501.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: M. D. Wingert and 
Wife (Franklin Grove), 500 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mary and Lois Garber, 1 15 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist.,* Indv.: Kate Riley, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 506 15 

California— $20.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Quiet Corner Bible Class, 

Covina, 20 00 

Indiana— $41.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 
Peru, 25 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Children of the King 

Class, No. Winona Lake 6 00 

Kansas — $6.25 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Loyal Workers' Class, 

Parsons, 6 25 

Missouri — $13.84 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Wakenda, 13 84 

Pennsylvania— $117.00 

E. Dist., Aid Society: West Green Tree 
Sisters 17 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Young Men's Bible 
Class, First Altoona, $17.50; Ella Stine 
(Spring Run), $25, 42 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: First York, 57 00 

Total for the month, .$ 198 09 

California — $27.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: J. O. C. Class, La Verne, 27 00 

Illinois— $25.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Elmer M. Hersch and 

Wife, 25 00 

Indiana — $90.00 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Logansport, 50 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Floyd McGuire (Indian- 
apolis), $15; Berean Class (Anderson), $25, 40 00 
Iowa — $12.50 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: So. Keokuk, 12 50 

Kansas — $50.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Servants of the Master x 
Class, Larned (rural), $12.50; E. F. Sherfy's 
Class, Monitor, $25; C. W. S.: Larned 

(rural), $12.50, 50 00 

Maryland— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class, Wood- 
berry (Baltimore), $12.50; Woodberry (Bal- 
timore), $25, 37 50 

Missouri — $8.90 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Shoal Creek, 8 90 

Nebraska— $15.00 

C. W. S.: Alvo, ." 15 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $50.00 

S. S.: Minot, $12.50; Surrey, $12.50; Bert- 
hold, $12.50; Kenmare, $12.50, 50 00 

Ohio— $122.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lima, $10; S. S.: Pri- 
mary Dept., Pleasant View, $12.50; C. W. 
S.: Sugar Creek, $25; Indv. : Claude G. Vore, 
$25; Jonas and Gertrude Groff, $50, 122 50 

Oregon— $50.00 

S. S.: Friendship Class, Portland, $25; C. 

W. S. : Portland, $25, 50 00 

Virginia— $12.50 

Sec. Dist., Aid Society: Oak Grove, 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 500 90 


California— $90.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire 15 00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Pasadena, 75 00 

Indiana — $32.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Solomon Creek, 32 00 

Maryland— $54)0 

E. Dist., S. S.: Edgewood, 5 00 

Ohio— $55.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: East Nimishillen 40 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15 00 

Washington— $27.77 

S. S.: Mount Hope, 27 77 

Total for the month, $ 209 77 

California— $600.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Isaiah and Olive Brena/ 
man (La Verne) 600 00 

Total for the month, $ 600 00 

Illinois— $502.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: M. D. Wingert and Wife 
(Franklin Grove) 500 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: H. M. Garber and Wife, 2 00 

Kansas— $15.00 

N. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Navarre, 10 00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' 

Class, Paint Creek 5 00 

Minnesota— $20.26 

Cong.: Jewett, $10; S. S.: Loyal Class, 
Nemadji, $5.26; Indv.: Mrs. D. Broadwater, 

$5, 20 26 

Missouri — $10.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: John G. Norman and 

Wife, 10 00 

Ohio— $39.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: East Dayton, 39 00 

Oregon— $5.00 

Indv.: A. E. Troyer and Wife, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $30.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Francis Baker, 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 62126 

Indiana — $75.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Topeka, English Prairie, 
Shipshewana, Pleasant Valley, Rock Run, 
Middlebury, 75 00 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

Oregon — $2.50 

Cong.: Golda Barklow, Myrtle Point 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $1.00 
So. Dist., Indv.: Robert Danner, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 50 

Oregon— $2.50 

Cong.: Golda Barklow, Myrtle Point, 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $1.00 
So. Dist., Indv.: Arabelle Danner, 100 

Total for' the month, $ 3 50 

25 00 
25 00 

2 58 

Indiana— $23.16 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Loon Creek, 23 16 

Total for the month, $ 23 16 

California— $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Mrs. S. W. Funk's Class, 
Covina, • 40 00 

Total for the month, $ 40 00 

Indiana — $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: "Individual," 

Total for the month, $ 


Oklahoma— $2.58 

Indv.: Leora Wales, 

Total for the month, $ 2 58 

Arizona — $5.00 

Indv.: Lois Greenawalt, 5 00 

California— $309.43 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $136.13; Elk 
Creek, $9.80; S. S.: Junior Dept., McFar- 
land, $6.15; Fresno, $10; C. W. S.: Golden 
Gate Mission, $27.72 189 80 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Stacy (Pomona), 
$10; S. S.: J. O. C. Class, La Verne, $51.70; 
C. W. S.: La Verne Junior, $1.93; Pasadena, 
$30; Aid Society: La Verne, $5; Indv.: Mrs. 
Clara A. Holloway, $1; Mrs. M. Dow, $5; 
Mrs. B. S. Kindig, $5; Miss F. E. Showal- 

ter, $10 

Colorado— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Roxy McCurdy (Colo- 
rado Springs), 

Florida— $29.68 

Indv.: Bible Class of St. Petersburg, 

$24.68; Eva Heagley Hurst, $5, 

Idaho— $8.90 

S. S. : The Truth Seekers' Class, Nampa, 
$5.90; Indv.: Nannie A. Harman, $2; Beth 
Harman, $1, 

Illinois — $65.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany (Chicago), $5; 
S. S. : The Crusader's Class, Franklin 
Grove, $10; Columbia, $9.50; Indv.: Esther 
Mohler, $4; Bethany Students' Self Denial 
Fund, $5.50, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $20.50; 
S. S.: Ever Ready Class, Panther Creek, 


Indiana— $138.49 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Peru, $10; S. S.: 
Friendship Class, Pipe Creek, $12.75; Aid 
Societies: Logansport Sisters, $6; Pipe 
Creek Sisters, $12.30; Indv.: Martha A. Tob- 
ias, $5; Josephine Hanna, $2.75, 48 80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Auburn, $3.86; Ply- 
mouth Mission, $24; Sister Princes Craig 
(Plymouth), $5; S. S.: Class No. 10, Elk- 
hart City, $5; Indv.: Mrs. Chas. Herr, $5; 
Edith Heck, $5; Mrs. Arly H. Smith, $5; 
M. A. Harbaugh, $5; Florence E. Miller, $1; 
David J. Miller, $1; W. U. Miller and Wife, 
$2 61 86 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Summit- 
ville), $9.33; Isaiah Teeter (Nettle Creek), 
$1; Amanda Wise (Nettle Creek), $1; Ruth 
Copeland (Nettle Creek), $3; Abraham Bow- 
man (Nettle Creek), $5; S. S.: Shining Star 

Class, $8.50, 27 83 

Iowa— $91.84 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar, $64.77; Garrison, 
$5; Indv.: A Friend, S. G. W, $10 79 77 

No. Dist., S. S.: Beginners' Sunday-school 
Offering, $2.07; Indv.: Mrs. L. H. Slifer, $10, 12 07 

Kansas— $408.36 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Lawrence, $25.03; 
Washington Creek, $5; Members and 
Friends of Ozawkie, $300; S. S.: Navarre, 

119 63 
20 00 

29 68 

8 90 

35 00 

30 50 


The Missionary Visitor 



Abilene Cong., $35; Indv.: Mrs. Ray Engle, 

$2, 367 03 

N, W. Dist., Cong.: Arthur Jackson 
(Maple Grove), $10; Milton Jackson (Maple 
Grove), $8; A. W. Jackson (Maple Grove), 
$2, 20 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Osage, 1133 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs., D. B. Martin 
(Bloom), $5; Indv.: I. A. Humberd and 

Wife, $5, 10 00 

Maryland— $175.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Myersville (Middletown 
Valley)', $100; Watersville Mission, $10; S. 
S.: Valley View (Frederick), $10; Indv.: 
Blue Ridge College, $15 135 00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Society: Brownsville, .... 40 00 

Michigan— $22.00 

Cong.: Woodland, $3; Indv.: Mrs. Aron 
Stettler, $2; Mrs. Frank Reed, $10; S. 

White, $5; "An Aged Sister," $2 22 00 

Minnesota— $42.00 

Cong.: Jacob Harshman (Lewiston), $5; 
Jewett, $32; Indv.: Mrs. Richard Hahn, $5, 42 00 

Missouri— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mineral Creek, 50 00 

No. Dist., Indv.: Oscar Early, 25 00 

Montana— $4.80 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grand View, 4 00 

Nebraska— $7.21 

Cong.: Hunt School near So. Beatrice, .. 7 21 

New Jersey — $5.05 

Indv.: Paul Gary 5 05 

North Carolina— $9.00 

Cong.: Mary A. Smawley (Mill Creek), 
$5; Indv.: Mrs. Lou Blevins, $2; A. B. 

Jones, $2, 9 00 

North Dakota— $22.00 

Cong.: Cando, , 22 00 

Ohio— $416.54 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: East Nimishillen, 
$20.20; Danville, $18; Indv.: C. A. Helm, $5; 
Fairmount Junior High School, $22.48 65 68 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Jonas and Gertrude 
Groff 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. Milton, $233.54; Pop- 
lar Grove, $15.21; Oakland, $30.37; Middle 
District, $8.85; Minerva Bureff (Upper 
Twin), $25; Indv.: Andrew Holsinger, $10; 

Jesse L. Albert, $2.89, 325 86 

Oklahoma— $30.48 

S. S.: Washita, $25.48; Indv.: S. E. Bur- 
row and Wife, $5, 30 48 

Oregon— $25.00 

Cong.: Mabel, $5; Indv.: No. 53026, $20, .. 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $536.16 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, $10; Fred- 
ericksburg, $51.15; J. May Host (W. Green- 
tree), $1; Indv.: Percival C. Nyce, $25, .... 87 15 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Mobus (Rid- 
dlesburg), $1.50; H. H. Brumbaugh (Rid- 
dlesburg), $1; Mary Mobus (Riddlesburg), 
$1.50; S. S.: 28th St., Altoona, $137.48; Indv.: 
Dr. C. C. Ellis. $50 191 48 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Organized Bible Class, 
No. 3, Geiger Mem. (Phila.), 8 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: York, $50; Perry, $32.14; 
Latimore (Upper Conewago), $21.60; S. S. : 
Second York, $11.59; Indv.: Mollie Bard, $5, 120 33 

W. Dist., Cong.: Sipesville, $60.20; Scalp 
Level, $5; S. S.: Home Dept., Rummel, $25; 
Class No. 4, Summit Mills, $6; Aid Society: 
Middle, Middle Creek Cong., $25; Indv.: 

F. B. Myers, $2; Elmer Walker, $6, 129 20 

Sweden— $39.27 

Cong.: Sweden Mission, 39 27 

Tennessee— $13.00 

S. S. : Primary Dept., Pleasant Valley, 

$11; Indv.: E. D. Benson, $2, 13 00 

Virginia— $201.68 

E. Dist., S. S. : Mt. Hermon, Midland 
Cong., $8; Nokesville, $9; Indv.: Mrs. J. W. 
Moyer, $3, 20 00 

First Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove (Peter's 
Creek), $80; S. S. : Pleasant View, Chestnut 
Grove Cong., $28.55, 108 55 

No. Dist., S. S.: Mt. Olivet, Timberville 
Cong., $5; C. W. S.: Cedar Grove, Flatrock 
Cong., $13.13, 18 13 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $5; S. S. : 
Arbor Hill, $10; Indv.: W. F. Kyger, $20, .. 35 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Percy H. Peters and 
Wife (Antioch), $10; Annie Perrel (Frater- 
nity), $10, 20 00 ' 

Washington— $16.85 

Cong.: Laura Swander (Spokane), $2; S. 
S. : Forest Center, $7.85; Indv.: Longaneck- 

er, $2; Mrs. C. H. Meeker, $5, 16 85 

West Virginia— $150.00 

First Dist., Cong.: D. A. Daugherty 
(Tearcoat), $40; Patrons and Pupils of 
Canaan School (Sandy Creek), $100; Aid So- 
cieties: Alleghany Ladies, $5; Morgantown 
Ladies, $5, 150 00 

Total for the month, $ 2,867 44 

Illinois— $13.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cora Clinginsmith 

(Liberty), 13 00 

Kansas — $25.00 

S. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Newton 25 0C 

Maryland— $2500 

E. Dist., S. S.: Woodberry (Baltimore), .. 25 0C 

Pennsylvania— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: The Andrew and Philip 
Bible Class, 12 50 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Laborers for the Mas- 
ter," Pike, Brothersvalley Cong., , 25 0( 

Total for the month, $ 100 5( 

Illinois— $1,972.51 

No. Dist., Indv.: Students and Faculty 
of Bethany Bible School. $750; Mount Mor- 
ris College, $1,222.51, 1,972 51 

Kansas— $1.50 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: McPherson College, 1 5( 

Maryland— $69.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Faculty and Students of 

Blue Ridge College, 69 0< 

Virginia— $35.25 

E. Dist., Indv.: Hebron Seminary, 35.25 

Total for the month, $ 2,078 


Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Edna Wolf (Franklin 

Grove), 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

Mid. Dist.: Grace B. Stayer, Replogle Ch., 
Woodbury, 10 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: N. Ruth Royer (First 
Philadelphia) 15 

Total for the month $ 30 01 

Indiana— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Creek 125 00 

Pennsylvania— $22.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, 22 

Total for the month, '...$ 147 (X 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Hermosa Beach, .. 5 00 

Colorado— $10.00 
N. E. Dist., Aid Society: Colo. Springs, 10 

Indiana— $540.90 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 540 

Iowa— $105.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, $35; Wa- 
terloo City, $70, 105 

Kansas— $179.30 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies: Lawrence, $10; 
N. E. Dist., $85, 95 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies: Victor, $4.50; 
White Rock, $6, 10 50 


The Missionary Visitor 


S. W. Dist., Aid Societies: Conway 
Springs, $10; Prairie View, $6.30; Monitor, 
$13.50; Salem, $8.40; Newton, $5.60; McPher- 

son, $30, 73 80 

Maryland— $280.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies: So. Brownsville, 
$20; Brownsville, $50; West Brownsville, 
$20; Pleasant View, $50; Martinsburg, W. 
Va., Berkeley Cong., $5; Mt. Zion, Beaver 
Creek Cong., $10; West Hagerstown, $5; 
Maugansville, Broadfording Cong., $40; 

Hagerstown, $40; Manor, $40, 280 00 

Minnesota— $5.00 

Aid Society: Monticello, 5 00 

Missouri— $5.00 

Aid Society: Shoal Creek, 5 00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Aid Society: Afton, 10 00 

New York— $5.00 

E. Dist., Aid Society: Brooklyn 'Sisters, 5 00 

Ohio— $110.50 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Bremen, $5; 
Middle District, $5; Middletown, $3.50; Pits- 
burg, $10; Lower Miami, $10; Potsdam, $10; 
E. Dayton, $5; W. Milton, $10; Trotwood, 
$10; Tom's Run, $12; Lower Stillwater, $10; 

Bear Creek, $10; Castine, $10, 110 50 

Pennsylvania— $330.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Societies:-! Coventry Sis- 
ters, $50; Philadelphia, First 1 , $50; German- 
town Sisters, $100; Norristown Sisters, $25; 
Upper Dublin Sisters, $15; Bethany Sisters, 
$15; Royersford Sisters, $5; Pottstown Sis- 
ters, $5; Wilmington Sisters, $5; Harmony- 
ville Sisters, $5; Amwell Sisters, $5; Green 

Tree Sisters, $50, 330 00 

Virginia— $101.71 

E. Dist., Aid Societies 46 71 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 55 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,687 41 

Illinois— $1.06 t _ 

So. Dist., Indv.: Glen M. Garber 1 06 

Tennessee— $5.00 

Cong.: A Sister of Cedar Grove, 5 00 

Virginia— $2.00 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Bettie F. Lamb, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 8 06 


Alabama— $23.00 

Cong. : Fruitdale 23 00 

Arizona— $10.00 

Indv.: Oliver Humbargar and Wife, 10 00 

California— $1,078.89 

No. Dist., Cong.: Live Oak. $26; Rio 
Linda, $80; Reedley, $5; Raisin, $112.69; 
Golden Gate Mission, $27.97; B. F. Hedges 
(Live Oak), 50c; S. S. : Primary Dept., Mc- 
Farland, $7.29; Aid Society: Raisin, $20; 
Indv.: D. S. Butterbaugh, $5; C. H. Yoder, 
$5; A Brother and Sister, $6, 295 45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pasadena, $106.56; Co- 
vina, $48; Hemet, $70.78; Hermosa Beach, 
$9.90; Glendora, $220; Boyle Heights Mis- 
sion, $15; South Los Angeles, $10; La Verne, 
$96.52; Missionary Class, Covina, $5; A Sis- 
ter (Pasadena), $50; S. S. : Christmas Of- 
fering, Egan, $21.33; Young People's Class, 
Glendora, $20.35; Aid Society: La Verne, 
$25; Indv.: Emma Root, $10; Mrs. Cornelia 
Johnson, $20; Daisy Belle Evans, $5; Eva 
M. Frantz, $10; Mrs. Emma Borden, $25; 

Annetta Yarger, $15, 783 44 

Canada— $104.45 

Cong.: Irricana, $62.45; Indv.: E. R. Baker 
and Wife, $25; David Hollinger, $5; Friend 
Klinck, $1; Jacob Landis, $1; J. L. Weddle, 

$10, 104 45 

Colorado— $133.23 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: McClave, $31.60; Indv.: 

Ella Smith, $8 39 60 

W. Dist., S. S.: First Grand Valley, .... 93 63 

384 54 

316 56 

Delaware— $100.00 

Indv.: C. F. Fifer, 100 00 

Florida— $25.00 

Cong.: Sebring, $1; Indv.: Bible Class of 

St. Petersburg, $24 25 00 

Idaho— $103.60 

Cong.: Boise Valley, $55.30; Mrs. Anna 
Roscoe (Twin Falls), $5; S. S. : Primary 
Class, Twin Falls, $1.30; Indv.: Willis 
Peterson and Wife, $15; A. J. and E. J. 
Detrick, $12; S. W. High, $10; D. J. Wamp- 

ler, $5, 103 60 

Illinois— $701.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $10; Wad- 
dams Grove, $102.44; Cherry Grove, $100; 
Mothers' Meeting, Hastings St. (Chicago), 
$4; Bethany Junior (Chicago), $12.59; S. S. : 
Home Dept., Batavia, $5; Aid Societies: 
Naperville Ladies, $5; Cherry Grove, $5; 
Indv.: L. G. Nyce and Wife, $8; Jean, 
Clarence and Evelyn Stouffer, $15; Dr. 
Walter C. Frick, $5; Mary Schrock, $3; F. 
H. Slater and Wife, $2; A Friend of Doug- 
las Park Mission, $5; Unknown donor of 
Univ. of Chicago, $10; Isaac and Sarah 
Rothrock, $5; Bethany Volunteer Offerings, 
Bethany College, $1.49; Bethany Students' 
Self-Denial Fund, Bethany Bible School, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cerro Gordo, $83; Ro- 
mine, $12; LaMotte Prairie, $85; Cham- 
paign, $38.42; Springfield Mission, $8; S. 
S.: Priscilla Bible Class. Virden, $20; Wood- 
land, $25.14; Indv.: Sister Sarah Bubb, 
$20; G. H. Stauffer and Family, $10; Mary 

Vansyckel, $5; Samuel Funk, $10, 

Indiana— $566.70 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Monticello, $16.05; Sis- 
ters' Bible Class, Pleasant View, $5; An- 
drews, $3.50; Emanuel Leckrone (West 
Eel), $6; Susan Leckrone (West Eel), $5; 
Hannah L. Armey (West Eel), $5; S. S.: 
Pipe Creek, $56.12; Sunbeam Class, Pleas- 
ant Dale, $5; Junior Class, Andrews, $5; 
Aid Society: Monticello, $25; Indv.: Jos. 
A. Ulrich and Wife, $5 136 67 

No. Dist., Cong.:. Bethany, $63; Cedar 
Creek, $54; Columbia City, $5; John Wit- 
mer and Wife (Wawaka), $10; A Sister 
(Center), $50; S. S.: Wawaka, $4.63; Class 
No. 10, Elkhart, $5; Indv.: Mrs. G. W. 
Shively and Family, $1; Mrs. A. G. Pur- 
key, $10; M. A. Harbaugh, $5; A Brother, 
$3; Matie and Harriett Mick, $6; Sarah 
Burger, $10, 226 63 

So. Dist., Cong.: Muncie, $53.10; A 
Brother (Summitville), $9.30; Hetha Fiant 
(New Bethel), $5; Peter Fiant (New Beth- 
el), $5; Mary Neptune (New Bethel), $5; 
S. S. : Olive Branch, Nettle Creek Cong., 
$11; Aid Society: Locust Grove, Nettle 
Creek Cong., $5; Indv.: Rosa and Henry 
Acker, $10; B. S. and John Herr, $75; Myr- 

tie Foust, $5; Chas. H. Ellabarger, $20 203 40 

Iowa— $102.65 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Everett, $2.25; Mis- 
sion Study Class, Cedar Rapids, $1; Joseph 
Newcomer (Iowa River), $20; C. W. S. : 
Beaver, $9.05; Indv.: A Sister, $2; Mrs. 
Sarah Pike, $10, 44 30 

No. Dist., Cong.: So. Waterloo, $17.64; 
Kingsley, $5; S. S. : Greene, $19.71; Indv.: 
Edw. Zapf, $5; C. C. Beeghley, $1, 48 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $5; S. Schlot- 

man and Wife (Council Bluffs), $5, 10 00 

Kansas— $588.85 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Topeka, $32.50; Rock 
Creek, $33.50; Lawrence, $24.04; Washing- 
ton Creek, $11.60; S. S. : Holland, $21.60; 
Cradle Roll, Wade Branch, $5.21; Rock 
Creek, $6.50; Aid Society: Rock Creek. $20; 
Indv.: A Friend, $17.50; Mrs. Mary Steel, 
$2; Elmer Keck, $2.50, 176 95 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: North Solomon, 
$210.25; Indv.: E. Fike and Wife. $2; Lydia 
A. Humphrey, $5; Mrs. Laura Duryee, $2, 219 25 


The Missionary Visitor 



S. E. Dist., Cong.: Verdigris, $1.50; D. B. 
Sell (Fredonia), $10; Elizabeth Patteson 
(Grenola), $15; S. S.: Chanute, $19.76; C. W. 
S.: Chanute, $2.63; Indv.: Katie Schul, $5, 
S. W. Dist., Cong.: Larned Rural, $5; 
McPherson, $67.50; Mission Circle, Larned 
Country, $15; Mrs. G. L. Blondefield (Mc- 
Pherson), $5; S. S.: Primary Dept., Larned, 
$5; West Lake, $15.26; Indv.: Mr. and Mrs. 
B. F. and Orville Andes, $10; Mary C. 
Adams, $10; Mrs. D. M. Butler, $1; A Sis- 
ter, $5, • 

Maryland-$173.82 ' . 

E. Dist., Cong.: Washington City, $13; 
Pipe Creek, $55; Pleasant Hill, $7.82; No. 
52521 (Monocacy), $20; Indv.: J. F. Wilcox 
and O. A. Helbig and Wife, $10; A Brother 
and Sister, $10; No. 52685, $5, 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Maugansville, $6; 
Indv.: Curtis Gouker; $10; Clifford Mullen- 
dore, $25; John A. Myers, $10, 

W. Dist., Indv.: Clarence E. Coleman,.. 
Michigan— $81.45 _ 

Cong.: Woodland, $13; Sister Esther Hos- 
tetler (Zion), $3; S. S.: Primary Dept., 
Sunfield, $6.50; Adult Dept., Sunfield, $17; 
Thornapple, $15; C. W. S.: Zion, $10; Aid 
Society: Sugar Ridge, $5; Indv.: Miss 
Amanda Wertenberger, $5; 6 yr. old son of 
J. J. Hamm, $1; Alia L. Emrick, $2.95; Lor- 

esta Sprang, $3, 

Minnesota— $53.83 

Cong.: Minneapolis, $39.58; S. S.:. Winona, 
$6.25; Aid Society: Nemadji, $5; Indv.: Wm. 

Hanger, $3, 

Missouri— $114.38 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $4; S. 
S.: Loyal Servants' Class, Mineral Creek, 
$6; Kansas City, $12; Indv.: A Sister, $5; 
Wm. Leasa, $3.90; James P. Harris and 
Wife, $10, 

No. Dist., Indv.: No. 52267 

So. Dist., S. S.: Shoal Creek, $10; Aid 
Society, $5, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: W. A. Lowrey and 
Wife (Carthage), $2.50; S. S.: Mountain 
Grove, $18; Greenwood, Cabool Cong., $20; 
Peace Valley, $6.98; Indv.: Harry Cline, $10, 
Montana— $15.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Grandview, 

Nebraska— $112.00 

Cong.: Alvo, $40; S. S.: Beatrice, $54; 
Indv.: W. J. and Fannie Van Dyke, $8; 

Claud Sharp and Family, $10, 

New Mexico— $24.85 

Cong.: Clovis Women's Home Bible 
Study Class, $9.60; S. S.: Mountain Boys' 
Class, Clovis, $4.25; Indv.: J. B. Cole, $10; 

Mrs. Clyn Smith, $1, 

New York— $24.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: J. D. Newton, $12; Mrs. 

J. D. Newton, $12, 

North Carolina— $50.00 

Indv.: C. H. Slifer, $25; A. C. Rieley, $25, 
North Dakota— $14.45 

S. S.: Junior Class, Brumbaugh, $5.45; 
Indv.: M. Snowberger, $4; Mrs. O. Z. Row, 


Ohio— $1,746.58 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chippewa, $6.75; Jona- 
than Creek, $2; Hartville, $124.42; Canton 
Center, $34.05; Danville, $45; Wooster, $57; 
Dickey (Ashland), $5; Ashland City, $147.79; 
East Nimishillen, $11.75; Geo. Goughnour 
(Canton City), $6; S. S.: Missionary Bible 
Class, Black River, $50; Black River, $20; 
Reading, $50; Sunbeam and True Blue 
Classes, East House (Chippewa), $15; 
Indv.: Mrs. D. Hively, $3; Mrs. Frank 
Keyser, $3.20, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Fostoria, $41.40; Belle- 
fontaine, $12; Lick Creek, $75; S. S.: Port- 
age, $3; Birthday Offerings, Baker, $25; 
Indv.: Mary Baxter, $3; Noah S. Neer and 
Wife, $5; Mrs. A. J. Burkett, $5 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $39.50; 

53 89 

138 76 

120 82 

51 00 
2 00 

81 45 
53 83 

40 90 
1 00 

15 00 

57 48 
15 00 

112 00 

24 85 

24 00 
50 00 

14 45 

580 96 

169 40 

Trotwood, $154.19; Middle District, $17.70; 
Ft. McKinley, $3.75; Bear Creek, $10; Sa- 
lem, $28.93; Brookville, $225; West Dayton, 
$15; West Charleston, $100; Mirian and My- 
ron Neff (West Dayton), $5; Junior Mis- 
sion Study Classes (Painter Creek), $4; 
Mrs. Matilda Brubaker (Price's Creek), $7; 
A Sister (Springfield), $8; S. S.: Potsdam, 
$130; Prices Creek, $85.20; Wheatville and 
Gralis, Upper Twin Cong., $23.62; Poplar 
Grove, $23.48; Greenville, $48.85; Palestine, 
$3; Aid Societies: Prices Creek, $25; West 
Charleston, $10; Indv.: D. W. Bright, $3; 
Joseph DeBrav, $1; W. E. Klinger, $25, ... 
Oklahoma— $159.00 

Cong.: Bethel, $15; Monitor, $31; Big 
Creek, $93; Ivon Cripe (Thomas), $15; 

Indv.: A Sister (In memorian), $5, 

Oregon— $48.50 

Cong.: Mabel,.$15; S. S.: Williams, $8.50; 
C. W. S.: Myrtle Point, $4; Indv.: Victor 
P. Whitmer, $5; C. W. Metz and Wife, $5; 

J. M. Overholtzer, $11 

Pennsylvania— $2,666.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Peach Blossom, $20; Lit- 
itz, $210.50; West Conestoga, $127.86; Me- 
chanic Grove, $3; Mingo, $67.29; Fredericks- 
burg, $11; Maiden Creek, $36; Ephrata, $45; 
Willing Workers' Society, Indian Creek, $5; 
Missionary Society (Akron), $24.06; Mis- 
sionary Society (Lancaster), $95.50; Geo. 
H. Sherman (Reading), $5; Lucinda Horner 
(County Line House), Indian Creek Cong., 
$2; Ralph Saylor (County Line House), In- 
dian Creek, $10; C. R. Basehore (Little 
Swatara), $50; Geo. Snyder (Little Swa- 
tara), $10; S. S.: Other Folks' Class, Hat- 
field, $15; Gleaners' Class, Akron, $5; Hei- 
delberg, $113.15; Freeville, Lake Ridge 
Cong., $4.13; Middlecreek, W. Conestoga 
Cong., $29.36; Myerstown, $36.17; Skippack, 
Mingo Cong., $7.67; Union House, Freder- 
icksburg Cong., $15.60; Shamokin, $13.50; E. 
Fairview, $35; Kemper's, Spring Grove 
Cong., $31.03; Mohrsville, Maiden Creek 
Cong., $100; Stonetown, Reading Cong., $5; 
Baumstown, Reading Cong., $16; Lebanon, 
Midway Cong., $25; Young Men's Bible 
Class, Ephrata, $25; Men's Bible Class, 
Ephrata, $10; C. W. S.: Lebanon, Midway 
Cong., $50; Aid Societies: Lake Ridge, $6; 
Hatfield, $10; Indv.: A Brother and Sister, 
$10; Sarah Hertzler, $5; No. 52266, $5; Anno 
E. Shank, 56c; Pauline Seese, $5; 2 Sisters 

in Vernfield, $25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, $5; 
Spring Run, $17; Holsinger House (Wood- 
bury), $55; Woodbury, $4.65; Jacob Ware- 
ham (Roaring Spring), $3; Mrs. H. E. Bix- 
ler (Lewistown), $2; S. S.: Fairview, $67.79; 
Christ's Friends Class, Woodbury, $13.90; 
Truth Seekers' Bible Class, Williamsburg, 
$78; Leamersville, $24.58; Ladies' Adult Bi- 
ble Class, Everett, $10; Germany Valley, 
Aughwick Cong., $10; Young Peoples' Bible 
Class, Germany Valley, Aughwick Cong., 
$15; Leona M. Sell's Class, Hollidaysburg, 
$5; Aid Society: Leamersville, Junior, $3.50; 
Indv.: David G. Snyder, $10; R. R. Stayer 
and Wife, $25; A. V. Klahre and Wife, $5; 
Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $2; J. Roy Sell, 


So. Dist., Cong.: Lost Creek, $178.66; Up- 
per Codorus, $57.70; Carlisle, $41.10; Cham- 
bersburg, $30; S. S.: Melrose, Upper Codor- 
us Cong., $19.58; Upton, $50; Pleasant Hill, 
Codorus Cong.. $21.25; Indv.: J. B. Snow- 
berger and Wife, $5; No. 52204, $10; G. 
Ralph Worley, $10; Aaron Werner and Fam- 
ily, $6; Clayton E. Weaver, $3, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $61; First 
Philadelphia, $9.63; Norristown, $12; Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society (Parker Ford\ $50; 
A Sister (Green Tree), $1; Elder M. B. Mil- 
ler (Amwell), $6; S. S. : Primary Class, 
Norristown, $4; Beginners' Class, Norris- 
town, $6; Grater Missionary Class, Norris- 
town, $17; First Philadelphia, $78.75; Indv.: 

996 22 

159 00 

48 50 

1,325 39 




The Missionary Visitor 


Elizabeth P. Burns, $2.50; An Individual, 
$10: H. L. Hedrick, $10; Mrs. I. C. Williams, 
$1, 268 88 

W. Dist., Cong.: Greensburg, $10; Scalp 
Level, $10; Mt. Joy (Mt. Pleasant), $5; 
Middle Creek, $40; S. S. : The King's Sons' 
Class, Connellsville, $8.50; Diamondville, 
Manor Cong., $45; Fairview, Georges Creek 
Cong., $50; Young Men's Class, Mt. Pleas- 
ant, $9.85; Dorcas Bible Class, Viewmont, 
$7.50; Berean Class, Mt. Pleasant Mission, 
Mt. Joy Cong., $5.50; Indv. : Earl C. Moon, 
$14; E. S. Schrock and Wife, $50; Ross F. 
Sappingtop and Wife, $3; A Sister, $5, ... 263 35 
South Carolina— $1.00 

Indv.: U. D. of Campobello 100 

South Dakota— $46.25 

Indv.: Mrs. J. V. McAvrey, $5; Willow 

Creek School No. 3, $41.25, 46 25 

Tennessee — $29.60 

S. S.: French Broad and Cong., $16.60; 
Indv.: Mrs. G. C. Mottern, $5; Mrs. J. J. 

Emmert, $6; Mrs. J. B. Isenberg, $2, 29 60 

Texas— $54.12 

S. S.: Manvel, $37.12; D. B. Stump, $10; 

Ed. Cox, $2; Eliz. Metcalf, $5, 54 12 

Virginia— $1,724.31 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $10; S. S.: Lo- 
cust Grove, Lower Union House Cong., 
$13.45; Mountain Grove Chapel, $7; Indv.: 
Carl E. Miller, $3, 33 45 

First Dist., Cong.: Roanoke, $155.10; Dale- 
ville, $7; Roanoke City, $55; S. S. : Pleas- 
ant View, $37.74; Daleville, $189.30; Primary 
Dept., Roanoke City, $40.63; Indv.: Jesse 
Judy and Family, $4; Sid Cody and Wife, 
$5; Annie F. Sanger, $27; Mrs. Priscilla R. 
Shafer, $5; Miss Pearl Shafer, $5; Fancy 
View School, $10; S. C. Showalter and 
Wife, $10; Lula Showalter, $15; Edgewood 
School,. $5; Victor School of Gatewood, W. 
Va., $13.08; J. H. Wells, $10, 593 85 

No. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $59.44; Mill 
Creek, $41; Cook Creek, $289.30; Mi$s Stella 
Pope (So. Fork), $3; Miss Hattie Pope (So. 
Fork), $5; S. S. : Pleasant Run, Cook's 
Creek Cong., $36.70; Sarah C. Andes, $4; 
Sister Miller, $5; Corda Wertz, $6 449 44 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Summit, $223.25; 
Bridgewater, $240.08; Wm. H. Jones and 
Wife (Oak Grove), $5; Geo. Eubank (Oak 
Grove), $2; Sister Elizabeth Cupp (Oak 
Grove), $1; Sister Lucy Sheets (Oak 
Grove), $1.50; Mamie Cupp (Oak Grove), 
$1; Frank Fockler (Oak Grove), 50c; D. C. 
Bower and Wife (Oak Grove). $2; S. S.: 
Class No. 6, Pleasant Valley, $10.63; C. W. 
S.: Beaver Creek^ $2.55; Aid Society: Oak 
Grove (Lebanon Cong.), $36.50; Indv.: Wm. 
Metzler, $2; E. C. Geiman, $6; Teacher- 
Training Class (Book 1), Bridgewater Col- 
lege, $2.16, 536 17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Red Oak, $72.75; W. A. 
Everedge (Fraternity), $10; Paul Everedge 
(Fraternity), $10; S. S.: Pulaski Mission, 

$18.65 11140 

Washington— $216.23 

S. S. : Berean Clarss, Sunny side, $38.50; 
Junior Dept., Seattle, $4.73; Forest Center, 
$7; C. W. S.: Yakima, $75; Indv.: E. A. 
Butterbaugh and Wife, $10; Mrs. S. O. Hat- 
field, $75; No. 52372, $1; Mrs. E. S. Myt- 

ting, $5, 216 23 

West Virginia— $604.68 

First Dist., Cong.: Streby, $138.50; Sandy 
Creek, $5; Tearcoat, $32.40; S. S.: Canan, 
$2.88; Glade View, Eglon Cong., $36; Brook- 
side, Eglon Cong., $18.43; Maple Spring, 
Eglon Cong., $166.89; Pleasant View, Chest- 
nut Grove Cong., $99.98; Aid Societies: 
Maple Spring, Eglon Cong., $10; Chestnut 
Grove, $20; Indv.: W. W. Fike, $4; Rebecca 
Bergdoll, $2; The Harmon, W. Va. School 
and Community, $55, 59108 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Hilleary Tenney, $6; 
Emma Kilmer, $; Westerman School, $5.60, 13 60 

Wisconsin— $32.71 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), $15; S. S.: 

Birthday Collections, Stanley, $17.71, 32 71 

Transferred from Forward Movement,.. 836 83 

Total for the month, $12,367 31 

Total previously reported 113,629 50 

Total for the year $125,996 81 



D. E. Lyon, Casmalia, $1; A Sister, Los 

Angeles, $5, $ 6 00 


Forward Movement, $110.10; Wm. H. 
Swadley and Wife. Chicago, $10; Coal Creek 

Sunday-school, $8.10, 128 20 


La Porte Cong., $10; Mexico Cong., $5, .. 15 00 


Greene S. S., 5 25 


West Point Mission S. S. 13 88 


Wakenda Cong., 82 56 


Mary Messamer, Greenville, $10; Danville 

Cong., $13.50, 23 50 


Live Wire Class, Guthrie S. S., 5 00 


First Philadelphia Cong., $11; J. Roy Sell, 
Woodbury, $20; J. A. Simpson, Williams- 
burg, $15; Riggles Gap S. S., Juniata Park 
Church, $2.29; Juniata Gap S. S., Union 
Church, $8.60; Anchor Class, Spring Creek 
S. S., $5; Kemper's S. S., Spring Grove 
Church, $34.30; Willing Workers' Class, E. 
Petersburg S. S., $5; East Petersburg S. S., 
$45.25; Waynesboro S. S., $75; Waynesboro 
Church, $170.85; Fourth St. Church, Cham- 
bersburg, $16; Riddlesburg Church, $1; 2nd 
York, S. S., $11.58; Collection given by S. 
S. Convention held in Snake Spring Valley 

Church, $14, 434 87 


Mrs. John Deeter, Burkburnett, 3 00 


Virginia Cole, Bridgewater, $5; Nokesville 
S. S., $8.85; Nokesville C. W. S., $2.18; Sum- 
mit Cong., 2nd Dist. Va., $80.97, 97 00 

Total for the month $ 814 26 


J. R. Cupp, Empire 110 04 


Huntington City Church, 20 00 


Lancaster S. S., $59.54; York Cong., $50; 
First Philadelphia Cong., $9.62, 119 16 

Total for the month, $ 249 20 


Corrections: Credit in February Visitor for $25 
was given to the Adult Bible Class, Penn Run, Pa. 
This should read Adult Bible Class, Diamondville. 

Credit for $10 given to the Young People's Class, 
Penn Run, Pa., should be given to the Young Peo- 
ple's Class, Diamondville. 



Tropico Church, $ 7 56 


Mrs. R. J. Wimer, Denver, $10; Rocky 
Ford S. S., $4.87, 14 87 


The Missionary Visitor 



David Hochstedler, Greenwood, 8 00 


J. N. Overhultz, and School Children, 

Delray, 20 00 


Payette Valley S. S. 7 00 


Champaign Cong., $9.05; Mary Messamer, 
Chicago, $5; Fellowship Class, Chicago, $57; 
Clara E. Carr, Chicago, $6; Lanark Church, 
$103; Junior Dept., Bethany S. S., Chicago, 
$7.59; T. P. Dick and Family, Chicago, $2, 189 64 

Elkhart S. S., $25; Mexico Cong., $5; 
Goshen City S. S., $10; Mrs. G. W. Shively 

and Family, Winona Lake, $1, 41.00 


Lawrence Keck, Beattie, 2 50 


Perry H. Broadwater, Bittenger, $5; 
Long Green Valley Cong., $15.10; Mrs. A. 

W. Ecker, Woodsboro, $10, 30 10 


Mrs. Aid La Monda, Cincinnati, 20 00 


Tyrone Aid Society, $15; P. P. Ray, 
Tyrone, $50; Ephrata S. S., $75; Middle- 
creek S. S., West Conestoga Church, $15; 
Spring Creek Church, $148.60; Skippack S. 
S., Mingo Church, $7.66; Other Folks' 
Class, Hatfield S. S., $15; White Oak 
Church, $526.97; Manheim S. S., White Oak 
Church, $5; Palmyra S. S., Spring Creek 
Church, $427.21; Anchor Class, Spring 
Creek S. S., $5; Ever Faithful Class, Spring 
Creek S. S., $50; Leamersville S. S. and 
Cong., $12; Koontz Church, Snakespring 
Cong., $57.20; Mingo Church, $35.30; Snake 
Spring S. S., $30; J. H. Sell, Woodbury, 
$50; Newville S. S., Elizabethtown Church, 
$37.42; Midway S. S., $30; East Fairview S. 
S., $35; East Fairview Church, $5; Mount 
Hope S. S., Chiques Church, $46.70; Sister 
Ada Ebersole's Class, Spring Creek S. S., 
$29; Elizabethtown S. S., $148.10; Berean 
Bible Class, Elizabethtown Church, $60; 
S. H. Hertzler's Class, Elizabethtown, $60; 
I. W. Eshleman's Class, Elizabethtown, $60; 
C. R. Frey's Class, Elizabethtown, $60; 
Bethany Bible Class, Elizabethtown, $10; 
Everett S. S., $10; 1st Philadelphia S. S., 
$70.30; Carlisle Cong., $34.33, 2,220 79 


Cedar Grove S. S., $27.39; Green Hill 
Cong., $69.50; Mt. Zion S. S., Greenmount 
Cong., $13.59; Virginia Cole, $5; Bridgewa- 
ter Church, $10, 125 48 


Forest Center S. S., $18.01; Seattle S. 
S., $8.50, 26 51 

Total for the month of February, $ 2,713 45 


Clear Creek Church, 18 00 


Godfrey Sprang, White Pigeon, 3 00 


Emanuel S. S. 7 00 


Oliver Markey, York, $10; York Cong., 
$135.78; Elizabethtown S. S., $35.75; Eliza- 
bethtown Church, $26.68; Green Tree Ch., 
$34.29; East Petersburg S. S., $47.75; 
Springville S. S., $60; Chiques S. S., $36.11; 
West Green Tree Church, $124.63; Willing 
Workers' Class, East Petersburg S. S., $5, 515 99 
South Carolina 

Amanda Cantrell, Campobello, $1; Carrie 
Horn, Campobello, $5 6 00 

Total for the month of February $ 549 99 


(Continued from Page 139) 

relief; that is straight giving to the people. 
While the Red Cross funds used in the road 
work do not reach as many people as the 
same amount given the way we are giving, 
at the same time it keeps the people more 
self-respecting and also keeps them in work- 
ing condition. Our rations were only star- 
vation rations and' at the best not enough 
to keep the people anything like fit. In 
addition, of course, to keeping the people 
better, the Red Cross will have a hand- 
some road to present to the government 
when they are through with their work and, 
incidentally, it will give our Mission a good 
road connecting our Ping Ting and Liao 
stations and also Show Yang, of course, 
by rail. We will be able to use dog carts, 
at least, and even perhaps Fords. This is, 
of course, only a very, very minor con- 
sideration, but since we have the road, it 
will be nice for the women folks, especially, 
if they can make the distance from Ping 
Ting to Liao in half a day. It will also 
make the missionaries living at Liao Chow 
feel a little more like they are not so far 
from civilization. This thing of having to 
spend three days in getting to the railroad 
and three days back again makes a man 
think a long time before he decides to at- 
tend a conference that might be very help- 
ful to him. What is true of the men is 
necessarily still more true of the women 
and children. 

We are getting up a list of the personnel 
for the Red Cross and when we have that 
up we will send you a list of our missiona- 
ries who are taking part in the famine re- 
lief work as directed by the Red Cross. 

In addition to our own missionaries, we 
have some missionaries from other mis- 
sions helping us, and we 'have already a 
staff of four foreigners — two foreign en- 
gineers, an accountant, and office manager, 
and a number of Chinese sent in by the Red 
Cross to help carry on the work. We are 
expecting a stenographer soon and will 
likely have to have a number of other 
foreigners to help. 

With kind regards and best wishes, I am 

Fred J. ^Varripler. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis 

ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, New Windsor, Md. 

General Director Forward Movement. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

H. C. EARLY, President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 
J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer 
Editor, the Visitor. 


H. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa- 
tional Secretary. 
M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Financial Secretary. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 


Villa Pax, Koldby, per 


Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Esbensen, Niels 

'Esbensen, Christine 
Friisgatan No. 1, 
Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 
On Furlough 

Buckingham, Ida, Oakley, 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie F. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Metzger, Minerva 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 

Sollenberger, O. C. 

Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 
North China 
Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E. 

Miller, Valley 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith, Frances Sheller 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Horning, Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Hutchison, Anna 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

Wampler, Vida M. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Myers, Minor M. 
Myers, Sara Z. 
Schaeffer, Mary 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 
Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 400 So. 
Homan Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Brubaker, Cora M., 400 So. 
Homan Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Flory, Raymond C, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 
Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Horning, Emma, 5452 Kim- 

bark Ave., Chicago, 



Vaniman, Ernest D. 
Verne, Calif. 

Vaniman, Susie C, La 
Verne, Calif. 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Summer, Benjamin F. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Eby, Emma H. 

Hoffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M, 

Ross, A. W. 

Ross, Flora N. 
Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Replogle, Sara G. 

Shumaker, Ida C. 
Novsari, Surat Dist., India 

Forney. D. L. 

Forney, Anna M. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Shull, Chalmer G. 
Shull, Mary S. 
Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Holsopple, Q. A. 
Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Mow, Anetta 
Wagoner, J. Elmer 
Wagoner, Ellen H. 
On Furlough 
Arnold, S. Ira, Elgin, 111., 

care General Mission 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Elgin, 

111., care General Mis- 
sion Board 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., North 

Manchester, Ind. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., N 

Manchester, Ind. 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood 

Emmert, Jesse B., Hunt 

ingdon, Pa. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Kaylor, John 1., Hjntir:g 

don, Pa. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Huntingdon, Pa. 
Long, I. S., Port Republic 

Long, Erne V; Port Re 

public, Va. 
Pittenger. j. M., Pleasant 

Hill, Ohio 
Pittenger, Florence B., 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio 
Powell, Josephine, Aurora, 

Royer, B. Mary, Eliza- 

bethtown, Pa. 
Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 
Swartz, Goldie E., 3435 

Van Buren St., Chicago, 

Widdowson, Olive, Roch- 
ester Mills, Pa. . , : 

Please Notice — Postage on letters %p our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or traction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. . 

'Native workers trained in America. 

Two Views of Life in India 

From The Missionary Review of the World 

Is Your Knowledge of the 
World Measured by What 

You Know of Your Town? 

Of Course Not! 

But is Your Knowledge of Missions Measur- 
ed by What You Know of Your Own 
Denominational Work? Probably! 



will give you a complete grasp of the world's Christian progress. 
It is the only interdenominational missionary magazine. It 
keeps you informed of all important Christian activity through- 
out the world. It alone can give you that broad vision of the 
world as a mission field which will make your denominational 
work thoroughly effective. 


Missionary Review of the World 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City 

$2.50 A YEAR [Foreign Postage 50c) 


Churcli of the 'Brethren 




' ■ -' * 







CHILDREN in School 
at Landour Lodge. 
Sadie Miller, Their 
Teacher, With Them 


'ol. XXIII JUNE, 1921 

nun i 

» ■ ■ »< ^ 

No. 6 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request, the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Maps of Our Foreign Mission Fields 

To gain an accurate knowledge from the reports of the various fields a 
good map is essential. Eveiw church should have maps of our foreign mission 
territories. When you give and pray for the missionary and his work it will 
help to locate him on the map. 

Map of Our China Field 

The map shows the territory for which the Church of the Brethren is 
responsible in China. Drawn to show the main stations and also the smaller 
out-stations in which work is conducted. Size 20x28. Paper uncolored, 25c; 
Cloth uncolored, 40c; Cloth colored, 65c. 

Map of Our India Field 

The ten mission stations are located and the course of the British railway 
is marked as it passes through the territory. The map has been drawn by 
Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell who has served for seven years as medical mission- 
ary in this field. Size 16x28 inches. Paper uncolored. 25c; Cloth uncolored, 
40c ; Cloth colored, 65c. 

Address orders to 

(Cei\eral Mission. Board 

| ^| pf-rfe CHURCH t°f (fie BRETHREN 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Thirty-Sixth 


of the 

General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

For the Year Ending 

Feb. 28, 1921 

Published by the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 
For distribution free to all who are interested 


General View of Our Own Fields, 4 

Home Department, 5 

Aid Societies, 6 

Student Volunteers, 6 

Saving Our Children to the Church, 6 

Missionary Education, 7 

The Forward Movement, 7 

Supports of Missionaries, 8 

Financial, 10 

District Missionary Secretaries, 10 

Reports from Our Fields: 

China, 12-30 

Ping Ting Chou (12), Liao Chou (19), Shou Yang (24), Statis- 
tical (28). 

India, 31-70 

General Reports (31), Religious Activities (36), Educational (44), 
Building Work (57), Medical (58), Social Welfare (59), 
Homes (62), New Missionaries' Corner (64), Statistical (66). 

Sweden, 71-73 

Denmark, 73-75 


General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

D. L. Miller,* Mt. Morris, Illinois 

Life Advisory Member 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Term expires 1925 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa 

Term expires 1924 

• Otho Winger, . . North Manchester, Indiana 

Term expires 1923 

Chas. D. Bonsack, New Windsor, Maryland 

Term expires 1922 

J. J. YodeR, McPherson, Kansas 

Term expires 1921 


President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 
Vice-President, Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

Sec.-Treas., J. H. B. Williams,** Elgin, Illinois 
Editor, the Visitor 

Missionary Educational Sec, H. Spenser Minnich 
Elgin, Illinois 

Home Mission Secretary, M. R. Zigler 
Elgin, Illinois 

Financial Secretary, Clyde M. Culp 
Elgin, Illinois 

Office of the Board, Elgin, 111. Time of Annual Meeting, 
third Wednesday in August. Other regular meetings, third 
Wednesday of April and December and at Annual Conference. 

To insure prompt attention, all correspondence relative 
to mission work, or any activities of the Board, that is intend- 
ed for the Board, should be addressed to General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111., and to no individual. 

*Died June 7, 1921 **Died April 17, 1921. 

(The above represents the organization for period March 1, 1920 to February 28, 1921.) 

Annual Report 

Our Missionary Force 

Below may be found a list of the missionaries who are at present serving under 
Indirection of the General Mission Board, with present addresses, and date of enter- 

r ing service : 



Villa Pax, Koldby, per Hordum 
Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
Glasmire, Leah S., 1919 

Bedstad St., Thy, Denmark 

*Esbensen, Niels, 1920 
*Esbensen, Christine, 1920 

Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
On Furlough 
Buckingham, Ida, Oakley, EL, 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 
Bowman, Pearl S., 1918 
Blough, Anna V., 1913 
Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna M., 1908 
• Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., 1916 
Rider, Bessie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, 1919 
Sollenberger, Hazel Coppock, 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language School, 
Pekin, China 

Cline, Mary E., 1920 
Miller, Valley. 1919 
Smith. \V. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Cripe, Winnie E., 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha Daggett, 1919 
Hutchison. Anna, 1913 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Seese, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna, 1917 
Senger. Nettie M., 1916 
Wampler, Ernest M., 1918 
Wampler, Vida M., 1918 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory. Byron M.. 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisey. Walter J.. 1917 
Heisey, Sue R., 1917 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1919 
SchaefTer, Mary, 1917 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*G\vong, Moy, 1920 

On Furlough 

Brubaker,, Dr. O. G., 400 So. 

Homan Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Brubaker, Cora M., 400 So. Ho- 
man Ave., Chicago, 111., 1913 
Flory, Raymond C, McPher- 

son, Kans., 1914 
Flory, Lizzie N., McPherson, 

Kans., 1914 
Vaniman, Ernest D., La Verne, 

Calif., 1913 
Vaniman, Susie C, La Verne, 

Calif., 1913 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bili- 
mora, India 

Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K, 1900 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 
Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Miller, A. S. B., 1919 
Miller, Jennie B., 1919 
Summer, Benjamin F., 1919 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff. Mary B., 1920 
Eby, E. H.. 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 
Ross, A. W., 1904 
Ross, Flora N., 1904 

Prospect Point, Landour Mus- 
soorie, United Provinces, India 

Miller, Sadie J., 1903 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard I., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z., 1917 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G., 1919 
Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Replogle, Sara G., 1919 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 

Novsari, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B.. 1919 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P., 1916 

Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 

Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 

Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 

Shull, Mary S., 1919 
Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida., 1908 

Holsopple, Q. A., 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R., 1911 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M., 1903 

Blough, Anna Z., 1903 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 

Wagoner, J. Elmer, 1919 

W agoner, Ellen H., 1919 
On Furlough 

Arnold, S. Ira., Yale, la., 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Yale, la., 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R., North Man- 
chester, Ind., 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura Iff., North 
Manchester, Ind., 1913 

Eby. Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio, 

Emmert, Jesse B., Huntingdon, 
Pa., 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Hunting- 
don, Pa.. 1902 

Kaylor. John I., Huntingdon, 
Pa., 1911 

Kaylor, Ina Marshburn, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., 1921 

Long. I. S., Port Republic, Va.. 

Long, Erne V., Port Republic, 
Va.. 1903 

Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant Hill, 
Ohio, 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Pleas- 
ant Hill, Ohio, 1904 

Powell, Josephine, Aurora, Mo., 

Royer. B. Mary, Elizabethtown, 

Pa., 1913 
Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 111., 

Stover. Mary E., Mt. Morris, 

111., 1894 
Swartz, Goldie E., Ashland, O., 

Widdowson, Olive, Rochester 
Mills, Pa., 1912 

'Native workers trained in America. 

4 Annual Report 

Our Thirty-Sixth Annual Report 

The usual pleasure in submitting our annual report is mingled with great sorrow 
for the death of our beloved and valuable secretary-treasurer, Eld. J. H. B. Williams. 
Although his death occurred on April 17, and not during the fiscal year for which 
this report is submitted, yet because this report is written since his death, we cannot 
refrain from mentioning this, a great loss, not only to the Board, but to all the 
church. He wrote a message for this report, but since the July Visitor is to be a 
Memorial Number we are saving this last message from him for that issue. 

The Father has been good to us in many ways, and the work has advanced during 
the year. The health of our workers on the field has been good. A few of those 
on furlough have needed help physically, aad the best medical attention available 
has been provided for them. 

The problems arising from the war will remain with us for years to come. Dur- 
ing the first part of the year exchange rates on our foreign fields continued to be 
high, but we are glad to say that the rates changed greatly in our favor during the 
last few months of the year. Transportation rates remained high, and passenger 
service across the water, as well as in America, increased so that the cost of trans- 
portation has been a big item in our expense for the year. There is some indication 
of a return to normal conditions, but we cannot say how soon it will come. 


The building program in India was greatly curtailed, and only such structures as 
were already started, or most imperatively needed, were erected. The large number 
of missionaries sent from the Winona Conference, in 1919, necessitates many new 
houses, and this is a need which must be supplied quickly. 

The India Mission has for some years been contemplating the purchase of a land 
site on which could be conducted a training farm. During the year an excellent 
opportunity was afforded, and 115 acres of land at Anklesvar were purchased for this 
purpose. The plans for this institution are not fully matured, but it is the intention 
to train men not only for the ministry, but for agriculture and mechanical -arts, so 
that the native church may sooner become self-supporting, and be enabled to stand 
on its own initiative. The native ministers have found it quite difficult to accomplish 
permanent results with native churches when so many of the people are ignorant, 
hopelessly in debt, and without training in leadership. Our India Mission now has 
sixty-five American missionaries, and of these over a dozen have been on furlough 
during the year. Several have been detained beyond their furlough period, because 
of medical attention which they are receiving. L. A. Blickenstaff and wife sailed in 
January, 1921. They were detained four months, awaiting permits from the British 
government. Bro. Blickenstaff is to become the business agent for the India Mission. 
J. M. Blough and wife returned to the field in October, 1920. He becomes the head 
of the new educational institution at Anklesvar. The education of the missionary 
children presents quite a problem, and a permanent arrangement has been made 
through the purchase of Prospect Lodge, a school home at Landour, India. Here a 
pleasant little home in the hills, where the climate is not so hot, will shelter the 
children in their school work. At present Sister Sadie J. Miller is the teacher. Drs. 
A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell have been taking some post-graduate medical work 
in New York while on furlough. 


A great famine has affected the work in our China Mission during the past year. 
The workers there asked the home church to help, and the assistance came most 
freely. The Board has spread on its Minute Book the following statement: "The 
China Famine Fund on April 20, 1921, amounts to $130,000, and we most heartily 
commend the generous givers of the Brotherhood. We deem it a pleasure as a 

Annual Report 5 

Mission Board, to represent a people whose hearts are so warm toward suffering 
humanity." All of the China missionaries have been working more or less in famine 
relief. Brethren Frank Crumpacker and Fred Wampler and Sister Anna Blough 
have been giving practically all of their time to this work. The American Red Cross 
has given a donation of $200,000 for the work in Shansi, and most of it is to be ad- 
ministered by our missionaries. It will be used in paying labor to build a road be- 
tween Ping Ting and Liao. This road, when built, will greatly facilitate the work of 
our mission. 

The church in China has gained during the year, the membership now being 134 
more than last year. We have forty-eight American missionaries in China, seven of 
these having been at home on furlough during the past year. New missionaries who 
have gone out to China during the year are: Brother and Sister W. Harlan Smith 
and Sister Mary Cline. The Boys' and Girls' Schools have been doing most splendid 
work. The school at Shou Yang is growing, so that a new building for the boys will 
be necessary in the near future. 


During the year, Niels Esbensen and family went out to Denmark, and are 
enthusiastic in the work there. Our Scandinavian brethren have been struggling 
manfully against the post-war conditions. Sister Ida Buckingham has been on fur- 
lough during the year. In Sweden we have 159 members, and in Denmark 76. 


This new method of keeping the supporters in America in touch with the work 
abroad, has grown in favor, and promises great results. By this method the support- 
ers of work at a station receive letters of information regarding the work at that 
particular place. 


The opening of the mission in Africa has not materialized this year, since the 
most advisable location has not yet been decided upon and no doctor is yet available 
to accompany the new workers for this needy field. Several missionaries are now 
under appointment for work in the dark continent, and will sail as soon as they have 
their marching orders. 


Bro. Moy Gwohg is now located in South China under the direction of the 
Board, and we learn that he is getting a good start in the work. The future develop- 
ment of work there is as yet not determined. The deputation abroad stopped there, 
and we will be glad to have their detailed report regarding the- advisability of making 
further advances with American workers. 


Realizing the great needs for mission work in the homeland, and because of the 
interest along this line in the many sections of the Brotherhood, our home department 
has been increasing its plans for work in America. During the year an advisory 
council has been selected to cooperate with the Board in promoting this work. The 
council is constituted as follows: M. Clyde Horst, chairman; M. R. Zigler, secretary; 
Edgar Rothrock, D. J. Blickenstaff, and Chas. D. Bonsack. Just as rapidly as possible 
the Board hopes to open new areas and to grant assistance to work which is already 
started, but cannot progress without funds and workers. Each issue of the Mission- 
ary Visitor will have a department called " Home Fields," edited in the interest of 
home work. We wish to call the attention of strong volunteers to the needs of the 
home church. The work abroad will be limited by the lack of growth in the mother 

6 Annual Report 


The. Board wants to sustain a close relationship to each District, and this is 
imperative for the success of the church. It is quite necessary that the strong help 
the weak, and by all granting funds for the general work the Board is able to help 
those whose work needs more money than they can give. A unified program in mis- 
sions for the whole Brotherhood is essential, and we hope to be instrumental in pro- 
moting such. Each District should have a District Missionary Secretary, or one who 
acts in the capacity of such. This officer will become the representative of the 
District and the Board in helping the local churches. It is greatly desired that -local 
missionary committees, or superintendents, be active in each church. 


Cooperation from the Sisters' Aid Societies 

We are greatly pleased with the splendid missionary interest manifested by the 
Sisters' Aid Societies. At the Winona Conference, in 1919, the Sisters' Aid Societies 
pledged $24,000, to be divided evenly between the Anklesvar Girls' School, India, and 
the Ping Ting Hospital Administration Building. They have been very faithful in 
making payments on this pledge, 'and much benefit to the work of our missions is 
accruing from their generous gifts. 


We have not ceased marveling how the Lord has led many of the Student Volun- 
teers into a willingness to accept his work. The United Student Volunteers number 
more than 400, and they continue to grow. It has been pointed out that a tremendous 
leakage occurs, for only a small percentage of these actually get on the field. We 
believe this accusation is becoming decreasingly true. Included in the Student 
Volunteer ranks are a large number who are willing to be used where the Lord may 
direct. Many of them will become foreign workers, but the majority will take up 
places of service in the homeland. We can expect many of the future pastors from 
these students. 

The Volunteers have given toward the $12,000 fund to purchase the mission farm 
in India. The gifts have been generous, but at the time of writing this we are unable 
to indicate the total result of their giving. 


The Sedalia Conference placed the work of the Committee on Saving Our Chil- 
dren to the Church in the hands of the General Mission Board. Brethren W. S.^Long 
and S. S. Blough have continued to study the question under .the direction of the 
Board. Because of other interests these brethren have not been able to give time to 
field work. They have presented their report to us, based on response from a ques- 
tionnaire sent to the churches, and we mention the following items as being essential 
points in their report: 

1. Statistics secured from the questionnaires returned: 

Four hundred and nineteen churches reporting; 225 country churches; 98 city 
churches; '96 both town and country; 50,332 resident members; 4,006 non-resident; 
54,338 total membership of churches reporting; 32y 2 % churches wholly supporting 
pastors; 16^% churches partially supporting pastors; 51% having no pastors; 3,540 
accessions for 1920; 2,781 accessions from Sunday-school— 78.'5% ; 2,040 accessions under 
16 years of age — 57.6%; 299 churches holding revival services — 71.4%; 120 churches 
not holding revival services — 28.6% ; 2,857 members received through revival services 
—80.7%; 269 members disowned; 3,961 children between ten and fifteen years of age, 
of Brethren families that are not members. 

2. The need of a book on doctrine as recommended in last year's report. The 
Board has asked Brethren W. B. Stover and Otho Winger to provide such a book, 
and they will prepare this as soon as time will permit. 

3. The fact that some congregations withhold fellowship and communion for 

Annual Report 7 

various reasons from those to whom it is given willingly by other congregations, leads 
"to much confusion and great loss. 

4. The need of pastors of the strong, virile type properly to lead the churches. 

5. The need for more social fellowship under Christian leadership in the churches. 

6. The need for more teaching in the home regarding the Christian life. 

We believe the foregoing statements, gleaned from the report of the committee, 
indicate conditions which are very vital in order that our children may be interested 
in the faith of their fathers. The committee found many situations that should 
greatly encourage us. It is impossible, in a brief report, to touch all the conditions 
found in the various churches that may help or hinder the saving of our children to 
the church. 


The Missionary Visitor has continued to give news of our activities, and various 
leaflets have been distributed in order that the Brotherhood may be acquainted with 
the work being done, as well as the open doors for our future activity. We believe 
that many people are giving very generously, according to their ability, and this is 
greatly appreciated. Others have not learned to give generously, and we believe a 
more thorough knowledge regarding the needs of the world, and what the church 
is doing, is essential. The Board is glad to cooperate with the churches in bringing 
this information to the people. Many mission study classes have been promoted, and 
the results in these are most gratifying for the church. A good, enthusiastic mission 
study class will leaven the work so that little troubles are forgotten in our enthusiasm 
for the growth of the kingdom. 


Jan. 1, 1919, the church launched into its Five-Year Forward Movement program. 
The General Mission Board, in harmony with the other .church Boards, has been 
working for two years that a real forward movement might result in the church. The 
results of the work accomplished thus far are encouraging in many ways. The 
church membership appears to be gaining, although not as rapidly as was hoped: The 
number of missionaries on the field has materially increased, and also the conversions 
on the field show a gain. The church has given more liberally in funds than ever be- 
fore. Through the united budget the various church interests are more properly cared 
for than ever before. There appear to be both "advantages and disadvantages to a 
united budget, and perhaps the acme of perfection is not yet being realized, but the 
work of the church goes forward. We know that an all-wise Father is concerned, 
and when we seek to know his will he is guiding often with an unseen hand, but 
surely his kingdom will increase if we are but faithful. Bro. Charles D. Bonsack has 
continued very capably as director of the Forward Movement. He has done this 
at great sacrifice, but much profit has come to the church through his service. He 
has been especially helpful in bringing messages to the various District gatherings. In 
doing this he has brought to the various Districts a knowledge of the others and this 
is important, for no District should be isolated from the others of the church. 

The Forward Movement is calling our attention more than ever to the needs of 
the world and is helping us to do big things for our Lord. We hope we can form the 
habit of doing bigger and better work while it is yet day. "We make something that 
lasts a good while when we establish a custom." 


Provision has been made for the support of all our missionaries. We give special 
mention to the following who support missionaries entirely or in part: 

Breneman, I. and O., Bro. John I. Kaylor in India. 

La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, Brother and Sister Ernest D. Vaniman, 
China, and Brother and Sister Lynn A. Blickenstaff, India. 

Southern California Sunday-schools, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 

8 Annual Report 


Bow Valley congregation, Bro. Fred M. Hollenberg, India. 

Nezperce congregation, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Anetta C. Mow, 

Blickenstaff, Noah and wife, Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India. 

Butterbaugh family, Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India. 

Franklin Grove congregation, Sister Bertha L. Butterbaugh, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

Northern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Okaw congregation, Bro. J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Virden congregation, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Nettie L. Brown, India. 

Locust Grove Sunday-school, Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister Laura J. Shock, China. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Mexico congregation, Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Sister Mary Stover, India; Sisters Minerva 
Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, China. 

Pine Creek congregation, Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China. 

Pipe Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. Forney, India. 

Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. W. J. Heisey, China. 

Walnut Sunday-school, Bro. Andrew Hoffert, India. 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Sister Emma Horning, China. 

Coon River congregation, Sister Elizabeth Arnold, India. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, one-third support of Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 

Erb, C. H., and wife, Sister Cora Brubaker, China. 

Grundy County congregation, Bro. W. Harlan Smith and family, China. 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Northern Iowa Sunday-schools, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 

North and South English River Sunday-schools, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Sister Jennie B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' Society, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, India. 

Waterloo City Sunday-school, Sister Mary S. Shull, India. 

Daggett, A. C, Sister Martha D. Horning, China. 

Monitor congregation, Sister Myrtle Pollock, China. 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, Bro. Howard L. Alley, India. • 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Emma H. Eby, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 

Shirkey, G. E., Bro. E. H. Eby, India. 

Yoder, J. D., Sister Lulu Ullom, China. 

Annual Report 9 


Hagerstown Young People's Society, Sister Vida M. Wampler, China. 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 

Pipe Creek congregation, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 


Michigan Sunday-schools, Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China. 

Middle Missouri congregations, Sister Jennie Mohler, India. 


Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, Bro. Raymond C. Flory, China. 
Nebraska Foreign Fund, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 
Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 


Bear Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 

East Nimishillen congregation, Sister Anna B. Brumbaugh, India. 

Eversole congregation, Bro. J. H. Bright, China. 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday-schools, Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 

Lick Creek congregation, Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India. 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India. 

New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnells Creek and Springfield congregations, 

Sister Hazel C. Sollenberger, China. 
Painter Creek congregation, Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China. 
Pleasant View Sunday-school, Sister Ellen H. Wagoner, India. 
Salem congregation, Sister Minnie F. Bright, China. 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Bro. J. M. Pittenger, India; Bro. O. C. Sollen- 
berger, China. 
Trotwood congregation, Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China. 

Altoona, First Sunday-school, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Antietam congregation, Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China. 

Chiques congregation, Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 

Conestoga congregation, Sister Leah S. Glasmire, Denmark. 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Elizabethtown congregation, Sister Bessie M. Rider, China. 

Harrisburg congregation, Sister Nora R. Hollenberg, India. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 

Middle Pennsylvania congregations, Sister Sara G. Replogle, India. 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Midway congregation, Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 

Peach Blossom (Md.) congregation, two-thirds of support of Sister Anna M. 

Hutchison, China. 
Quemahoning congregation, Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, India. 
Richland congregation, Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 
Seventh Circuit Sunday-schools, Sister Kathren Holsopple, India. 
Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp. Level congregations, Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 
Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Bro. Samuel Bowman, China. 
Waynesboro Sunday-school, Bro. D. L. Forney, India. 
Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdow- 

son, India ; Sister Grace Clapper, China. 
White Oak congregation, Bro. W. E. Glasmire, Denmark. 
Woodbury congregation, Sister Florence Pittenger, India. 

Knob Creek congregation, Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 

10 Annual Report 


Antioch, Bethlehem, and Germantown congregations, Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 

Barren Ridge congregation, Sister Nora Flory, China. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Bro. A. W. Ross and family, India. 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Bro. Norman A. Seese, China. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, Sister Sarah Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Sister Valley V. Miller, China. 

Middle River congregation, Bro. Byron M. Flory, China. 

Myers Brothers, Bro. Minor M. Myers, China. 

Northern Virginia congregations, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Sister Edna R. Flory, China. 

Timberville congregation, Bro. Ernest M. Wampler, China. 

West Virginia 

Sandy Creek congregation, Sister Mary E. Cline, China. 

The following desire to support missionaries and remitted money in advance for 
support, but as yet have no one assigned: 

Andrews Congregation, Indiana; First Church, Philadelphia, Pa.; Leland Moomaw, 
Virginia; United Student Volunteers. 


The following statement of actual receipts and expenditures, as gleaned from our 
books, and compared with last year, will enable you to understand something of the 
financial side of our work. 

A Brief Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work and Comparison with 

Last Year Receipts 


1919-1920 1920-1921 Increase 

Donations to Board funds reported in Visitor, etc., $198,391.07 $135,258.64 $63,132.43* 

Special supports, transmissions, miscellaneous credits, ■ 68,730.30 64,077.46 4,652.84* 

Income endowment, earn, bank account, Pub. House, mission, edu., etc., 107,900.91 141,260.32 33.359.41 

Total receipts for work $375,022.28 $340,596.42 $34,425.86* 

Endowment received all funds, 95,254.45 81,855.77 13,398.68* 

Special relief funds, 6,717.93 142,238.95 135,521.02 


World-wide, annuities, publications, Dist. work, general expense, etc., ..$85,861.55 $87,218.72 $ 1,357.17. 

India 177,119.07 189,173.78 12,054.71 

China, 62,155.23 126,212.59 64,057.36 

Denmark and Swed&n 12,035.62 11,614.77 420.85* 

South China and home missions, 1,341.40 1,341.40 

Total expenditures for work, $337,171.47 $415,561.26 $78,389.79 

Special relief funds, - 157.01 56,836.00 56,678.99 

* Decrease. 

This report does not indicate the names o'f many who have been exceptionally 
generous with gifts, but we assure you that they are all appreciated. During the year 
financial conditions have not been encouraging to many, but the sacredness of your 
pledges, and the excellent manner in which you have paid, give us cause for grateful- 
ness. A year's subscription will be given without charge, upon request, to all donors 
of two dollars or more to the work under the direction of our Board. 


Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, S. P. Noll, Strathmore. 

California, Southern and Arizona, J. W. Cline, 1823 11th Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Colorado, Western, and Utah, J. A. Austin, Fruita, Colo. 

Annual Report 11 

Idaho. and Western Montana, J. E. Steinour, Murtaugh, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, Galen B. Royer, Jr., Mount Morris, 111. 

Illinois, Southern (none given). 

Indiana, Middle, Ira E. Long, Andrews. 

Indiana, Northern, Frank Kreider, Goshen. 

Indiana, Southern (none). 

Iowa, Middle, O. W. Diehl, Beaver. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, S. S. Neher, Kingsley, Iowa. 

Iowa, Southern (none). 

Kansas, Northeastern (none given). 

Kansas, Northwestern, and Northeastern Colorado, Roy A. Crist, Quinter, Kans. 

Kansas, Southeastern, L. G. Templeton, McCune. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southeastern Colorado, C. A. Eshelman, McPherson, 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster. 

Maryland, Middle, John S. Bowlus, Burkktsville. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland. 

Michigan, Ethel Whitmer, Beaverton. 

Missouri, Middle, Jas. M. Mohler, Leeton. 

Missouri, Northern, O. P. Williams, Jr., Plattsburg. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, A. W. Adkins, Osceola, Mo. 


North Dakota, and Eastern Montana, O. A. Myer, Carrington, N. Dak. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Geo. A. Branscom, Campobello, 
S. Car. 

Ohio, Northeastern, A. H. Miller, Louisville. 

Ohio, Northwestern, J. S. De Jean, Nevada. 

Ohio, Southern, Cyrus Funderburg, Springfield. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Thos. Barklow, Myrtle Point. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Geo. W. Weaver, Manheim. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, John B. Miller, Curryville. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Germantown Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern (none appointed). 

Pennsylvania, Western, W. J. Hamilton, Rockwood. 

Tennessee. , 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Texas. 

Virginia, Eastern, Densie Hollinger, Tinders. 

Virginia, First District, C. D. Hylton, Troutville. 

Virginia, Northern, J. H. Bowman, Harrisonburg. 

Virginia, Second District, J. W. Hess, Bridgewater. 

Virginia, Southern, S. P. Reed, Floyd. 

Washington (not appointed). 

West Virginia, First District, Ezra Fike, Eglon. 

West Virginia, Second District, Verna May Tenney, Fairmont. 

We do not deem it proper, nor do we desire to close this report without again 
expressing appreciation for the generous hearts who have made our mission work 
possible. We know that many have had much intercession with the Father, and to 
such much credit should properly be given. Many times we have felt overwhelmed 
with responsibility as we have been called to decide questions pertaining to life and 
its work. Many times it has been necessary for us to lay plans for the work, and in 
doing so we have had to call upon the churches for their cooperation, but such was not 
done in a mandatory spirit. We would gladly rise to the dignity of those who, often 
unnoticed, are toiling in local churches here and there; perhaps unnoticed by man, 

12 Annual Report 

but our Father sees and rejoices in all faithfulness. May we ask your prayers and 
helpful interest in the work of the succeeding years. 

Fraternally Yours, 

General Mission Board, 
H. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, J. J. Yoder, A. P. Blough. 


Again we have paused a little and tried to check up the work done during the 
year 1920. We cannot tell you all, because much of the work cannot be measured by 
so many words, nor can we see it with our eyes nor hear it with our ears. The Lord 
has been kind and blessed our work far beyond what we could anticipate or even had 
dared to pray for. Our whole field is open; the people are ready for the Word of 
God. Our greatest hindrance in going out and possessing the land, as we have op- 
portunity, is the lack of well-qualified native Christian workers. Dear reader, as you 
read these pages, will you not breathe a prayer to God that in his own time these 
needed workers may be found? 

The latter part of the year, much of the regular routine of mission work was very 
much interrupted by the missionaries giving part or all time to feeding the hungry, of 
whom there are so many. We are grateful to the Father for the help given us by 
you. We believe that, by relieving suffering, some souls will be touched to turn away 
from the false gods which they trusted for rain and food, and to turn to the true 
God, the Giver of all good. 

We also wish to express our appreciation for the visit from the deputation of the 
Board. Bro. J. J. Yoder and Bro. J. H. B. Williams, and also Bro. Dr. Harnly, of Mc- 
Pherson College. Their visit was very helpful and we were much encouraged. 

Ping Ting Chou 

F. H. Crumpacker 

The year has been without any spectacular growth or change. The men who are 
leaders among the Chinese have shown a regular growth in their work. They spend 
some time each day in reading and preparation. A weekly Christian newspaper has 
been placed within reach of each leader. During the summer both our Chinese pastor 
and hospital evangelist attended summer conferences, especially designed to help 
Chinese Christian workers. Both, men were benefited, as was shown in their conse-. 
cration to their work. 

Then we held a training conference at our own station for leaders, and the men 
who attended showed more interest than last year. I think really they got more help 
from their association together. Considerable time was spent with these men in 
learning the new phonetic alphabet for China. Several received diplomas for their 
work. That simply meant that they were able to read and write this new alphabet. 
The reading consisted of quite simple stories. Some of them are making good at 
teaching the new system in the station where they work. 

Then, too, in the fall we rejoiced that at last a Bible school could be opened for 
some of our prospective leaders. Bro. Oberholtzer opened the work with about a 
dozen men from our station and several from the outside. These men should make 
us good workers in the near future. 

In the early fall we began to see the famine coming on, and this broke in upon 
our direct evangelistic plans in no small degree. For several months all the available 
men from the men's evangelistic department, and even from the men's Bible School, 
have been used in famine relief work. The relief work is also an opportunity for 
especial evangelistic work, and many of these men are eager to use the opportunity 
to help their countrymen to know the Lord. 

The pressure in famine relief work prevented us from holding our regular fall 

Annual Report 13 

class for applicants for baptism, and as a result few men were baptized. The schools 
furnished their usual number for baptism. 

We have had several helpful visitors this year. Our own deputation left a splen- 
did feeling with our leaders, and their helpful talks will long be remembered. Then 
we had with us Miss Ruth Paxton, from Shanghai, who is giving her whole time to 
evangelistic work among the leaders and among non-Christians, who have heard but 
have not accepted Jesus Christ. A little later we had a visit from one of China's foremost 
men, Mr. C. Y. Cheng. He is leader of the China-for-Christ movement, and Chinese 
secretary of the China Continuation Committee. He is also one of the leaders of 
the China Home Missionary Society. This is a movement to get the whole church 
in China behind an evangelistic campaign among their own people. Our own church 
has several good supporters to this movement. 

We close the year with thanks to God for all that has been accomplished and a 
prayer to him for a greater year in 1921. May his name be glorified. 

Mrs. Minnie F. Bright 

In trying to give a report for the women's city work, we can only touch upon the 
fringe of what has been done — the steady grind of daily class work, visiting, entertain- 
ing, helping those in difficulty, comforting sad hearts, encouraging those who are 
weaker, praying with those who have sore temptations, etc. All these have their 
place and time, but they are not easy to make account of. The following report is 
only a part of what has been done. Much is still unsaid, but the past year among 
our women has been the best of any year yet, in that it has been more intensive, 
touched more homes, more women and children, and been more systematic. This 
has been due partly to the fact that there were more who could give some time to 
the work than previously, and we had some splendid team work as a result. 

The work until April was superintended by Miss Horning, assisted by Miss 
Shock. After Miss Horning left for her furlough, Miss Shock assumed charge of the 

One of the most interesting occasions under Miss Homing's supervision was the 
week of evangelism during February, when our Christian women went out in groups 
to the near-by villages and with great joy in their hearts told the gospel story and 
distributed tracts and portions of Scripture to approximately two thousand people. 
This is a great opportunity for them to exercise in their Christian life and to tell 
their sisters who are still in darkness of their new-found joy. 

In March the Woman's School opened with twenty-two women, which later grew 
to thirty-five. The school continued for three months, with much interest and 
enthusiasm. It is a great joy to these poor women to be able to read, and a privilege 
to be able to teach them. It is remarkable how these women change when brought 
under the influence of the Gospel. A number of the younger women are very bright 
and learn quickly, and we have a few even sixty years old who learn to read sur- 
prisingly well. The closing day of the spring term was quite interesting. The kinder- 
garten children sang their songs and acted their plays very creditably. Some of the 
women gave the story of " The Widow's Mite." This they presented in different 
scenes, and it was gotten up entirely by themselves. It was very helpful to the 
women. Others told Bible stories they had learned. 

Our two faithful Bible women, Mrs. Chin and Mrs. Chang, have been doing very 
good work in going into the homes of the city and teaching women to read. They 
kept up regular classes throughout the year and taught in the school while the 
school was in session. 

From the first of September and continuing until Christmas we had our autumn 
session for the Woman's School. There was a total enrollment of ninety-six women 
during this time, with five teachers and eight different classes. It was indeed a busy 
place. The new phonetic script was emphasized during this term, and two of the 


Annual Report 

A Group of Women in the Women's School at Ping Ting Chou. The Two Women at Right on the 

Rear Row Are Bible Women 

brightest women learned to read in two weeks' time. Think of "these women being 
able to read in two weeks through the simple and improved method of Chinese 
writing! Otherwise it would have taken several months to do the same amount of 
reading. There were at least seventy women who learned to. read the new script 
(others had learned it before). In four months' time they read a primer, Mark, and 
about half of Acts. For every paragraph in Mark they drew a picture in a drawing 
book of their own which they kept for that purpose. Their pictures were entirely 

During the last week of school, the evangelist, Miss Paxton, gave the women 
some special meetings. At the close thirty women expressed a desire to become Chris- 
tians. The light is truly coming to these dear women. On the last day of school 
diplomas were awarded to thirty-six of the women for being able to read efficiently 
the new script. Mrs. Crumpacker gave an address on "The Value of a Good Wife," 
taken from Proverbs. It was a timely and heart-to-heart talk. 

I should not fail to mention that the industrial phase of the women's work was 
carried on rather heavily during this term, which enabled a large number of women 
to be in school. This has its good side and its doubtful side in connection with a 
school, but we shall not discuss that now. Because of famine conditions it was per- 
mitted to be as large as it was during the fall term. At the close of the school the 
Woman's School quarters were given over entirely to famine refugee women and 

In connection with school sessions we kept a kindergarten going, with an average 
of thirty or more children. These came entirely unsolicited. Had an effort been 
made we easily could have had a large kindergarten, but we had neither equipment 
nor proper teachers. They were cared for by a couple of the schoolgirls under the 
direction of Miss Shock. 

I should also mention that in our foreign homes the mothers entertained through- 
out the year the women in groups, giving them tea and cookies and a good social 
time. These are bright spots in the lives of these long-neglected women. The 
mothers also did home visiting and taught classes in the homes, and a couple of 
them taught classes in the school. They gave the time they could well spare from 

Annual Report 15 

home duties. The work has been heavy the past year, and Miss Shock has worked 
very hard and done her work most creditably. Another year of even harder work 
is upon us because of famine conditions, and yet we go forth in God's strength. 

Minerva Metzger 

The year that has just passed has been a busy one of regular routine work with 
plenty of variations. One more out-station school was opened. Two more places 
were calling for schools, but because of the lack of suitable places and native helpers 
neither one was opened. The two country schools closed the year with an attend- 
ance of sixty-three and the city school with sixty-eight pupils. 

During the year two girls were dismissed, two expelled, several sent home because 
of tuberculosis, one was married, one died, and seven were baptized; also one of the 
teachers. Now all the teachers and twenty-two of the girls in the school are 

During the spring semester, the higher primary girls did some nice work in 
water colors, and the tiny tots made posters illustrating their Bible stories. In June 
ten were graduated from the lower primary. One of the most promising of these 
died. She was a good Christian girl. 

The older girls have taken a real interest in the Group Sunday-school work for 
the children of the city. The girls go out two and two with one of the teachers or 
one of the missionaries to the homes of Christians or inquirers. Here the children 
of that neighborhood gather and are taught Bible stories and songs. 

This year an effort was made to help girls who live near the school to spend their 
time in a more profitable way than in idleness, so a vacation school was opened for 
them. Some of these were regular pupils who made up work in Bible, geography, 
science and reading. The others were given sewing and crocheting. As they worked 
with their hands they learned a few new songs, read stories and thus passed a happy 

After the opening of the fall semester a Y. W. C. A. was organized for the Chris- 
tian girls of the higher primary, and a Y. W. C. A. Rainbow Club for the smaller ones 
or the lower primary girls. This organization has been a wonderful help in this 
short time to all the girls, and especially the Christian girls. 

Bessie M. Rider 

From Feb. 5 to the 10th the writer, together with Sisters Flory and Pollock, 
attended the Biennial Conference of the Nurses' Association of China, held in 
Shanghai. The various sessions of the conference were especially inspiring and 
helpful, and, a strong spiritual atmosphere pervade'd it throughout. 

The work in the Women's Hospital during the year showed a very marked in- 
crease over previous years, especially in the number of obstetrical cases. Since the 
women's phase of the hospital work had, during the year, been confined to Chinese 
quarters, the previous custom of each patient having her own relatives or friends 
attend her has been in vogue same as heretofore, the writer administering the nurs- 
ing care to the patients with the help of the attendants. This method, however, is 
far from ideal, and is being used only until we are able to move the work out to 
the new hospital compound, which, we are glad to say, we hope to do in the very 
near future. After moving into the hospital building the work can be done in a 
much more sanitary and satisfactory manner, and our hope is to train nurses and 
dispense with the attendants as used formerly. We now have in view a couple of 
girls who are looking forward to beginning nurses' training about the time or soon 
after moving into the hospital. 

The evangelistic work is being carried on effectively by our Bible woman, Mrs. 
Tou, the use of the National Phonetic System making it possible for more patients 


Annual Report 

to acquire a reading knowledge of the Bible while in the hospital than had been 
possible before it was introduced. One woman, who, upon entering the hospital, was 
unable to recognize a character, had in a short time mastered the phonetic system, 
and in several months' time was able to read very fluently any new printed matter 
in phonetic that she saw. While in the hospital she read twice through all the Gos- 
pels but Luke (which we were unable to procure in phonetic), Acts, and a couple of 
other books. 

Several have signified a desire to become followers of the Master and have for- 
saken their idols. We trust that in time many into whose hearts the seed has fallen 
may enter into full fellowship with him and become witnesses of the truth. 

Moses, Samuel and Daniel, a Trio Who First Opened Their Eyes to the 
World in the Ping Ting Hospital 


Anna Blough and Anna Crumpacker 

How could a field be richer in opportunity than the country work among women 
in our own district! Our governor has urged the education of women, and this, with 
the anti-footbinding movement, has opened a new sphere for women. 

We are compelled to admit that there is one entire county that did not have 
even one visit during the year 1920. This was because of lack of time on our part. 
Previously this county had had several visits and the women of the county seat are 
bright and eager to learn, but it was impossible \o go to them. 

During the year three out-station classes were held. A larger number of visits 
of from one to four\days' length were made. Two out-station women were baptized. 
One, who had taken down her idols and was so eager to learn more of Jesus, passed 
away early in the year. 

Sister Blough returned to this department of work early in September. The 
famine relief work has made heavy demands on her time, however, since her return. 

Perhaps one little story will help you to appreciate the dense ignorance and 
superstition that one has to meet in this work. A baby was coming into one of the 
country homes. The first little boy had been given to the father's older brother be- 
cause he had no son. The second baby was a girl, and though plump and happy and 
sweet, she was not very much appreciated, just because she was a girl. The third 

Annual Report 17 

baby was a boy, but he died, and now the fourth baby was coming. How they longed 
for a boy! How everything was done that the heathen mind could think of to reach 
the desired result! Sure enough, the baby was a boy! No heathen heart could 
possibly have felt more joy than did the mother and grandmother of this little boy. 
The famine was on, however, and the mother fearfully undernourished, consequently 
the food was insufficient for the baby. He was crying with hunger. On the morning 
of the fifth day I was called to the scene. Had not the other little brother died on 
the fifth day? Surely, this one, too, had a demon, or there would be food for it. The 
Chinese doctor had been called the day before and one hundred needle pricks had 
been given this dear tiny baby about his mouth and eyes — just to let the demon out ! 
He looked so bad, poor little innocent baby! On his pillow was a huge sword, in 
the window an old army gun, and across the doorsill the corn knife used in cutting 
fodder — all these to keep the death demons away. 

We told them of the better way. Those marks of heathendom were removed. 
Food was given the mother and baby. He is growing, and we hope that some time 
he will be useful among his people. 

The dense ignorance that surrounds these poor women is indescribable. It is a 
privilege for which we thank our heavenly Father, that we are permitted to help to 
dispel their gloom. 

J. Homer Bright 

In missions nowadays more institutional work is carried on than in days gone by. 
And such is needed to obtain efficient native colaborers. By this we are adding to 
our foreign force from the native church by geometric progression. It is through 
institutional work that independent, self-reliant Christians are grown, and the one 
great aim of missions — the establishing of self-governing, self-supporting, self-propa- 
gating churches — will be realized. 

To meet this need, it is necessary that missionaries be specialists, able to do well 
some phase of mission work rather than a little of all phases. As the various lines 
become "training schools" for native workers, better and larger buildings are re- 
quired to house the work that is to be done. And better results are obtained in our 
building program by having some one give his whole attention to the construction 
of buildings. 

The China Mission has asked the writer to take up this line of endeavor, and the 
schedule of building is so arranged that most of the work done in any year is done 
at a single mission station, though it might be carried on at several stations at one 
time if not too far apart. 

This year we did our building at Ping Ting Chou. Next year our building pro- 
gram is arranged for Liao Chou. At Ping Ting Chou w r e built to the hospital plant 
and two foreign residences. Four years ago a number of small buildings had been 
built, Chinese style, and two years ago a ward and operating building. The latter 
two are to be connected with the heating plant for the main building and already are 
connected by corridor. The Chinese style buildings are to be used as isolation wards 
and for very poor patients and friends of patients. This year we erected the main 
hospital building, a ward and the corridor. The main structure is 40x100 feet, two 
stories high with a basement. The ward is one story high and 21x67 feet. The corri- 
dor is 234 feet long. Both wards are at the far end of the corridor from the main 
building. Here the medical work for women is located, while the work with the men 
is in the main building. It seems best to keep work for men and for women sepa- 
rated, and so the two compounds are divided by a wall, with a door in a partition 
across the corridor under control of the doctor. Later, five more wards can be added 
in the compound and attached to the corridor. These can be used by the work for 
men or women as needed, with a slight alteration of ^walls. In the main building are 
offices, a reception room, dispensary and medical rooms, a chapel for day patients, a 


Annual Report 

drug room and laboratory room on the main floor. On the second floor are wards, 
rooms for nurses, a diet kitchen, and a linen room. As other ward buildings are 
added, nurses in training can be housed on the second floor. Training nurses re- 
duces the cost of maintaining a hospital. In the basement are a laundry, kitchen, 
dining rooms, furnace, dark room for treating eyes, rooms for drugstores, etc. 
Probably ordinary help will have to be temporarily domiciled in the basement. 

One of the residences built is occupied by the Wamplers and the other by the 
Brights. We now have four foreign residences at Ping Ting Chou, one at Liao Chou, 
and one at Shou Yang. The latter was built by former missionaries working there, 
before Boxer times. We also have two semi-foreign residences, one each at Shou 
Yang and Ping Ting Chou. It seems necessary to build a little larger than the aver- 
age house we were used to in the States, for in a family residence an office is needed 
to receive the Chinese, so as to avoid exposing children to disease, for China does 
not yet know the benefits of quarantine, nor is it the custom in China to receive men 
into the living quarters of the family. It also seems best to have the kitchen and 
rooms in which servants do their work separate from the rooms used by the family. 
With these added requirements we can build much cheaper than in the States and 
be quite comfortable. 

With the completion of next year's buildings, which adds two residences, eight 
residences will be provided. Twelve more are needed to accommodate those already 
on the China field. So far most every one has had to live a term of seven years in 
Chinese quarters. Though the Board, because of limited resources, was compelled to 
postpone many of our requests, we appreciate the fact tha/t the building of residences 
for this year was not postponed. Providing residences conserves the life and energy 
of the missionary and is giving as surely to the cause of missions as providing build- 
ings for institutional work. Thus supplied, the missionary can give the fullest amount 
of energy to the task to perform which has called him or her to cross the seas. 

Famine Children at Ping Ting 

For such as these Christ gave life. We are 
glad the church has the spirit of Christ and 
gave $130,000.00 that many may not die for 
want of bread. 

Annual Report 19 

Liao Chou 

Nettie M. Senger 

"Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. How then 
shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe 
in him whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? 
. . . How beautiful are the feet of them that bring glad tidings of good things!" 

On the mountain side, just before he went back to heaven, Jesus said to those 
who called themselves his followers: " Go ye . . . make disciples of all nations 
. . . lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world." Jesus is our 
"abiding Friend." He is our "Strength." He "upholds us by his right hand" and 
"his grace' is sufficient" at all times, so who could hesitate to obey this call? And 
when the love of Jesus floods our lives we must go. Jesus calls some to the mission 
field, and again from that number he chooses some to go with him alone to the 
villages and interior places where the missionary has not yet been seen or known, 
to herald the >tory that has always moved hearts, no matter to what people it was 
told. On the return from every trip out this year our hearts swelled with joy to 
know that a few more had heard of Jesus, and of these few some are willing to 
believe and take down their idols. 

The first great joy of the year was when I could return to this great work; and 
seeing the response and growth that God has wrought in the hearts of these simple, 
ignorant village mothers and daughters, and how he is working changes as the 
message is repeated, is a source of real joy that compensates for hardships of travel 
and " no abiding place " such as the village evangelist must experience. 

This fall a station class for women was opened at Yu She, and as it was announced 
that the foreign teacher had come, it caused great excitement, for nothing of the 
kind had ever happened before. Fifteen women of the higher-class homes gathered 
to read, and more wanted to, but if any member of the home objects they cannot go, 
which too often is the case. Seven weeks were spent in classes, and they made much 
progress, as the women often do when given a chance to read. One woman of 
twenty-four gives promise of becoming a teacher and wishes to go to a woman's 
Bible school. She will need some financial help; we hope she may go soon. Three 
reflectroscope lectures were given, and one lecture by the official of the city, en- 
couraging the women to higher standards. One certificate was awarded the young 
woman of twenty-four for reading and writing the phonetic script. Four weeks have 
been spent itinerating, and fourteen villages were reached. On these trips Bible 
stories were told, using pictures, and simple songs were taught and slips with the 
songs written were left with the people. Twelve reflectroscope lectures were de- 
livered. The people are open and friendly, desiring to learn. Some took down idols 
while we were there and many want to read. Station classes are asked for in some 
of the villages, and will be held this spring. If more time could be spent the people 
would learn quickly. But first we must make short trips and get to more places, to 
be able to make a survey of the territory to be covered. An effort is being made to 
get the men in the homes to teach their women, so they can continue their reading 
during our absence. Pray with us for these women, who have had so little chance 
to know of the love of Jesus; pray that Christian homes may spring up and grow in 
these villages ; and pray for me, that I may have strength for this work and be willing 
to spend and be spent in this itinerating work for mothers and daughters in China. 

Myrtle I. Pollock 

The year 1920 was ushered in with a busy house, as the influenza epidemic was 
in our midst. There were several very serious cases. 

In February Drs. Brubaker and Yuan attended the Medical Conference at Peking, 

20 Annual Report 

and Mrs. Pollock the Nurses' Conference at Shanghai, returning as far as Peking. 
They also attended the larger part of the Medical Conference. It was while on the 
way to and during these conferences that we were able to attend and visit Bro. 
J. Homer Bright, as he lay sick with typhus fever. 

Those in charge of the medical work at the beginning of the year were Drs. 
Brubaker and Yuan, two Chinese nurses, Mr. Yao and Miss Chang, and Mrs. Pollock. 

Early in the year Mr. Yao was permitted to go, as Mr. Jung Hsi Ch'uan, one of 
our own local boys, had graduated from the Williams Hospital at Teh Chou, Shan- 
tung, and returned to Liao Chou to take up regular work in the Hiel Hamilton 
Memorial Hospital. 

Though Dr. Brubaker was in charge of the work, he was gone from it a number 
of weeks, which time he spent at Shou Yang in medical attendance on foreigners 
and meanwhile dispensary work for Chinese. 

May 11 Dr. Brubaker and family left Liao Chou, starting homeward on furlough. 
High respect was shown them by the different gatherings of the Chinese a few 
days previous to their going, upon which occasions pennants bearing inscriptions of 
esteem were presented to them. 

Miss Chang accompanied Dr. Brubaker's as far as Ping Ting on her way home 
to be married. With Miss Chang gone, and not calling another lady nurse, whom 
we felt we could do without this year, our work has been at times somewhat in- 
convenienced though not hindered. 

Dr. Yuan and Mr. Yii, the hospital evangelist, took their vacations during the 
month of July, and Mr. Yii brought his family from Peking with him, expecting to 
stay with us at least for a period of three years. 

Mrs. Wang Shu took up the work of woman evangelist in Mrs. Chang's place 
and has given partial time to teaching the women and partial time in assisting Mrs. 
Pollock in the numerous duties connected with the routine hospital work. While 
we have had no women to express a definite desire to be taught more in the Gospel, 
there are many who have gone out who were able to sing some of the songs and 
tell who the Savior is and why he came. 

Mr. Yii reports twenty-one men who have signed their names, indicating their 
desire for further knowledge of the Gospel. His work becomes mow interesting and 
encouraging as he finds that about one-fifth of the patients only are not able to read. 
Not so with the women, as practically none are able to recognize a dozen words. 

The need for a " follow-up " evangelist is felt more ,as we examine our yearly 
report of the patients, for of the above the larger number are from places quite- 
distant from Liao Chou, or from the out-stations where frequent visits can be given 
and teaching done. 

Statistical Report 
Patients Discharged During 1920 

Transferred from 1919, . . 22 

Admitted during the year, 122 

Transferred to 1921, 12 

Total discharged during 1920, 132 

Of these 132 patients who were admitted to the hospital there were: 

Medical cases, 53 

Surgical cases, 63 

Opium cases, 16 

Total, 132 

Operations, 63, all under general anaesthetic. 

Numerous very minor operations, without anaesthetic, but no record of the same 
were kept. 

Annual Report 21 

Dispensary Patients 

Male Female Total 

New cases, 1,258 213 1,471 

Returns, 4,023 332 4,355 

Calls on Chinese and foreigners, approximately 100 

Patients seen on trips, 23 

Total, , 5,949 

Winnie E. Cripe 

As the year opened we were nearing the close of the first semester of last school 
year, and had twenty-eight girls enrolled. When the school closed for the Chinese 
New Year vacation a number of the pupils remained in the school court, and some 
went out to assist in the week of evangelism. At this time the superintendent made 
a trip to Peking to attend the annual conference of the Chihli Shansi Educational 
Association. While there, in company with the other members of the Orphan Com- 
mittee, we selected three girls from the Orphanage whom we brought with us as we 
returned, and left them in Ping Ting Chou for the spring term of school. The Liao 
Chou Girls' School assumed the expenses incidental to the traveling and support of 
one of these girls for the year. Wang Yen Fang was the one selected for this station. 
During the spring term two pupils were baptized, and the term closed with an 
enrollment of forty-five. The class finishing the lower primary in the spring failed 
in their term examinations, so they were not given diplomas, but by persistent effort 
during the summer they were able to pass satisfactory examinations in the fall and 
so entered the higher primary at that time. A number of the pupils continued some 
study during the summer months. 

During the months of March and April girls' schools were opened at both 
He Hsun and Yii She Hsien. At the close of the year we have, in these out-station 
schools, a total enrollment of thirty-nine pupils. 

Perhaps the matter of chief interest during the summer months, at least to the 
one in charge, was the securing of teachers for the fall term, as both the former lady 
teachers returned to their homes in Chihli in June. Inquiry was made and corre- 
spondence carried on for several months, and only a short time before time to open 
school did we succeed in getting the promise of the three lady teachers needed. A 
third one was added the fall term, as the attendance was increasing and for the first 
time we were able to conduct classes in all the lower and higher primary grades. 
Two of the teachers were invited from Shantung and the third was Mrs. Dr. Yuan, 
who had taught in the school before. We were especially glad to have her with us 

Just after our return from the Annual Conference at Shou Yang the fall term 
opened, Sept. 14. More furniture had to be made as we saw prospects for an increase 
in enrollment. A few of the old pupils did not return, but quite a few new ones were 
added. Our Peking orphan girl entered our school at this time and proves to be a 
good pupil, promising for future work. We are glad to note that many of the new 
pupils are from surrounding villages, and girls betrothed to young men who want 
their wives educated. Several of these are Christian men. 

Some of the interesting things of the year are the visit of the deputation from 
America, visits both terms from the state inspector of schools, the way the school 
seems to be growing in the minds of the local people, the joyous Christmas season 
just passed, and the growth of the school. As the year closes we find we have en- 
rolled seventy-four girls during the year and have fifty-nine in attendance. We feel 
that the girls are developing intellectually and spiritually, and pray that as they con- 
tinue to come under the influence of the Gospel it may create within them a keen 
desire to witness for their Master. 

22 Annual Report 

R, C. Flory 

Herewith we record a few notes concerning the evangelistic work at Liao Chou 
for the year 1920. 

In the December, 1919, meeting of our members the church appointed an advisory 
council, which was composed of four Chinese and two foreigners. Those appointed 
on this committee were Mr. Li, our Chinese evangelist; Dr. Yuan; Mr. Yii, evangelist 
at the hospital; Mr. Wang, superintendent of the boys' school; also Mr. Ernest 
Wampler and the writer. This committee met regularly once per month,, and also 
had a number of called meetings to consider important business. The members of 
this committee took a deep interest in the work and problems of the Chinese church, 
and we feel that it was a very decided success. True, things did not always go as 
we would have had them, but it was a splendid step toward self-government in the 
Chinese church; and how shall we ever obtain a self-governing Chinese church with- 
out allowing them to assume some responsibility and learn to walk by trying? Bro. 
Wampler and myself endeavored to recognize the Chinese members as on an equality 
with ourselves in speaking and voting power. Ours was the opportunity in our 
cooperation to counsel, to direct and train these Chinese brethren in the art of church 
government. Because of the church being thus represented in her government we 
feel that she has taken on new life, which we pray may continue to grow and 
eventually develop into an indigenous church. 

From May 24 to May 30 an inquirers' study class was conducted and twenty-two 
inquirers were taught the fundamental truths of the Christian life. May 29 twenty- 
one souls entered the door of the church by baptism. Of these, twelve were school- 
boys, two men, five women, and two schoolgirls. 

From Oct. 31 to Nov. 6 an inquirers' class was conducted. Twenty men attended 
and were given instruction to prepare them for entering the church. Nov. 6 eight 
men and eight schoolboys were baptized. About eighty per cent of those attending 
the inquirers' classes during the year were from our out-stations. 

Out-station and itinerating work was done as follows : 

Jan. 19 to 22 a trip was made to Ho Shun. 

From Feb. 3 to 7 Pastor Li and myself did itinerating at Han T'ou and the 
surrounding villages. 

April 6 to 14 Bro. Ernest Wampler, Pastor Li, Wang Shu and myself made a trip 
to Yii She, Chin Chou, Wu Shang and other places. We used our stereopticon and 
gave illustrated lectures on the life of Christ. Several thousand people heard the 
saving Gospel. Much interest was shown. Even the gentry and the officials came 
and gave good attention. 

April 22 to 29 Wang Shu and I made an itinerating trip north, visiting Ho Shun 
and twelve villages. 

May 18 to 22 Wang Shu and I made an itinerating trip south and east, visiting 
T'ung Yii, Ma T'ien, Che Ts'un and Ssu Ping. This was our first trip into this 
territory. The people listened to the doctrine with much interest and bought many 

June 8 to 10 Li Yu Hsi, who had just returned from the Bible School, accompanied 
me in a trip to Ch'ang Ch'eng and to Yu She. 

June 21 to 23 Bro. Ernest Wampler and I, with Li Yu Hsi, went to Ma T'ien, 
where we rented a room in an inn and stationed Li Yu Hsi there as evangelist to 
open up out-station work. The work at this place up to the end of the year made a 
wonderful development. Over fifty inquirers have been enrolled, and five came to 
Liao and attended our inquirers' class held here from Oct. 31 to Nov. 6. A village 
twenty li east of Ma T'ien has requested Li Yu Hsi to come and preach to themtwice 
per month, offering to furnish a three chien room and also the benches necessary 
for the meetings. Of the inquirers reported, twenty have put away their idols. 

Annual Report 23 

June 25 to 26 a trip was made to Ho Shun. 

July 17 to 19 we made a trip to Ma T'ien from our summer camp. 

Aug. 7 to 9 we made a visit to Yu She, to visit and encourage several of our 
larger schoolboys who were preaching there and in villages. 

Aug. 22 we visited Ch'ang Ch'eng. 

Oct. 4 to 12 Li Yu Hsi and I made an itinerating trip to Ma T'ien, Shih Hsien, 
Li Ch'eng, Shang Yuan and Hung Hsui. Here we found a large, needy field. The 
China Inland Mission has opened out-station work on a small scale at Shang Yuan, 
and also east of there at a village called Hsia Yao. 

Oct. 15 we made a visit to Ch'ang Ch'eng. 

Nov. 9-11 we made a trip to Ho Shun to look after the work. 

Nov. 19 Pastor Li and I went to Ch'ang Ch'eng, where there was a big fair. There 
were hundreds of people and several meetings were conducted each day. I returned 
the second day, but Pastor Li remained and assisted Lien Hsien Sheng for several 

Nov. 27 to 30 we made a trip to Yu She and held several meetings. 

Total number of days spent in out-station and itinerating work, sixty-five. This 
has been an encouraging year for the out-station work. Although it is not all that 
we desire, it is growing. Five men from Yu She were baptized this autumn, and a 
number of inquirers are in preparation at our other out-stations. During the year 
we made four trips to each of our out-stations. We feel that even more visits than 
this should be made in order to keep in close touch with and to encourage the out- 
station work. 

During the summer we employed some of our schoolboys to assist in out-station 
work and also in itinerating. Two groups, four in a group, including a teacher, spent 
about two months in preaching in villages and in selling Gospels. During the year 
about six thousand Gospels were sold, and thousands of tracts distributed. 

Pastor Li has done most of the preaching at our regular Sunday meetings, has 
acted as superintendent of the Sunday-school and conducted a teachers' training 
class on Friday evenings. He also has done good work in visiting the gentry of the 
city, and has done some village work in the villages near by. 

The visit of Brethren Yoder, Williams and Harnly from Oct. 30 to Nov. 9 lent 
a special impetus to our work. We pray that their visit in our midst may help us to 
draw nearer to each other and to our Master, and thus in the future be able to do 
more and better work in the cause for which we have enlisted. 

Anna Hutchison 

As we turn the last page of the old year and take a backward glance ere we 
enter upon the new, our hearts are filled with gratitude for the opportunities and 
blessings that have been ours throughout the year. All too many have been the 
mistakes and weaknesses, and not a few have been the problems and discourage- 
ments, but this, our first year of second term of service on the field, has been, we 
feel, the best year since we have been in China. 

With the acquiring of a difficult language, learning the people and their customs, 
studying methods and means of work, and adjusting one's self to conditions in gen- 
eral, it seems that one is scarcely more than ready for work in good earnest at the 
close of the first term on the field. But after a furlough, with privileges of church 
and home associations, with further school privileges, and an opportunity of a look 
at the field from a distance, we come back with a new vision, a renewed ambition and 
a deeper consecration for real service. Then, with a workable knowledge of the 
language, a general acquaintance with the people, and some knowledge of their cus- 
toms and of methods of work, one can enter upon the work in a new spirit, with less 
uphill pull, and should rightly accomplish more and make fewer mistakes. Of this 
we are sure, our opportunities have been more and greater, the people in general 

24 Annual Report 

have been more open, our love for them has been deeper, and our joy in service 

As we review the year's work in a general way we note that the time has been 
occupied in visiting and teaching in the city homes, in teaching in the near villages, 
and in school work. We have had as helpers in the work two Bible women, but 
not until this fall were we able to secure one with any special training or experience. 
In September we were happy to secure a Christian Bible woman, Mrs. Liu, of Pao 
Ting Fu, who had graduated from the grades in the mission school there and since 
had had five years' training in teaching. 

This year is my first experience in opening up school work for the women. Had 
two sessions of two months each, one in the spring and one during the closing two 
months of the year. Mrs. Liu, our new Bible woman, was of invaluable help during 
this last session. At these sessions twenty-four were enrolled last spring and thirty- 
two this fall. We need to open and limit the time according to the seasons when 
the women have least to do in the homes. The time between these sessions being 
long, we aim to keep up one lesson of reading each week in the homes, in order to 
maintain interest and prevent their forgetting too much. 

Others also who cannot attend the school sessions are listed as readers in the 
home, and each week one or more lessons given, with the accompanying teaching. 
Our policy calls for every Christian to be able to read the Bible, for an ignorant 
church can never be a strong or influential church. 

Throughout the year our women and girls have been going out into practical 
teaching in the homes on Sunday afternoons. 

As the Christmas season drew near some of our women helped in visiting some 
forty homes of poor people of the city, and inquiring into their special needs, so 
that a gift of food or clothing might be made to them on Christmas day, from the 
church's Christmas offering. 

On Christmas day the women and girls gave a nice little program of songs, 
Scripture memorizing and appropriate talks. They are fast realizing and learning 
to appreciate Christmas as the most joyful and blessed day of the year. 

While the deputation were here during our first week of the fall session of our 
Women's School, they each, Brethren Williams, Yoder and Harnly, gave, through 
an interpreter, an appreciated talk to our women in women's chapel. 

Last spring, in May, five women were baptized into the church, and we feel are 
living faithful Christian lives according to their knowledge and privileges. This is 
the joy and blessing of the work, and the final aim of all our efforts, though there 
remains a large work to follow, that of training into ^strong Christian character and 
beautiful, useful womanhood. And sometimes we feel like exclaiming, "Who is 
sufficient for these things?" But "our sufficiency is of God.". 

Shou Yang 

Mary Schaeffer 
Word comes that reports are due, and we stop to review the work of the past 
year. We wish that we could say that numbers have been added to the church, but 
such is not the case. We are new in the work and there has ;iever been very much 
done among the women of this place. Many homes have been visited in the city 
and in the surrounding villages. In one of the villages a home opened its doors for 
regular services and called the neighbors in to hear the Gospel. Our Bible woman 
comes from this place and is much respected by the people. She has never had any 
special training, but she is doing good work and we hope much from her. Some of 
the women are interested in learning to read, cither the phonetic script or the char- 
acter. There are those who really want to learn the Gospel; some want to be friendly 
but are afraid of being mocked by their friends if they listen to the Gospel. At the 
Christmas season some from a distance were given a meal at the church, and have 

Annual Report 


been told since they went back that as they have eaten in the foreign compound they 
must follow the foreigners; that there is no more hope for them. Many fear persecu- 
tion, though they admit that the life of Jesus might help them. There are young 
women in the homes, who would gladly listen, but are hindered by their mothers-in- 
law. The young are more open than the old because the Boxer year is history rather 
than reality to the younger ones. Will the spirit of fear ever leave those who saw 
some of the crimes of that year? Our greatest hindrance is the low standard of 
morality which the people of this city have. 

The work is slow, but surely the Word sown must bring forth fruit, and the lives 
of those who have lived and died for Jesus will have their influence. Persecution will 
come to those who step out, but we believe it will make them all the stronger. Pray 
that the Holy Spirit will come into their hearts and open up their eyes to see what 
Jesus does for them. 

V. Grace Clapper 

During the spring term of 1920, which was the latter half of our first school year 
at this place, the enrollment was thirty-three, only thirty of whom were in regular 
attendance. Because our quarters are so small we are compelled to take in a number 
of day pupils or turn them away. When we turn away a dirty-faced, poorly-clothed 
child we never know what opportunities we are losing. Who can tell what possibili- 
ties are hidden behind such rough exteriors? Results are so much more satisfactory 
if we can keep a pupil at school day and night, instead of allowing her to return 
home to sleep. Because of this fact we feel that we have become somewhat skilled 
in the packing industry. When we first opened school here a "kang" (brick bed) 
on which four girls slept was considered " filled up," and how our school could grow 
in such a tight place was an unsolved problem. During the summer vacation we 
discovered a corner where another kang could be built, and even though our court 
retained its original size, we could nevertheless take in four more girls. When we 
reopened school, Sept. 11, they kept coming and coming, and we couldn't turn them 
away, and five girls were put on one bed, and when each one was again "filled up" 
the girls were still coming. The kang was measured again, and it was found that 

Indeed we are the witnesses of our Lord 
when we bring food to these hungry, home- 
less and perhaps parentless children. 

The mission school brings the knowledge 
pf him who has sent us. 

26 Annual Report 

six girls could sleep on a kang. Two rooms of ordinary size have two kangs each, 
with six pupils on a kang, making a total of twenty-four pupils in two rooms. Can 
our boarding schools at home beat that? The enrollment during the fall term was 
forty-eight, and if in the meantime we discover that eight girls can sleep on a kang, 
we hope to have an enrollment of fifty-eight in the fall of 1921. Notwithstanding 
this overcrowded condition the general health of the school has been good. 

We appreciated so much the visit of our brethren from America in November. 
Bro. Williams talked to the girls in one of their morning chapel exercises, which was 
a rare treat for them. They felt highly honored to be thus addressed by a "Wai 
Gwo Ren " (foreigner) in one of their own services. 

On Christmas eve they made their first attempt at rendering a Christmas pro- 
gram, after which each girl was given the usual Christmas treat and a beautifully- 
dressed rag doll, compliments of the Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Johnstown, Pa., 
and a happier bunch of girls I never saw. They were too happy to sleep, so at 1 : 30 
A. M., wrapped in their bed-clothing to shut out the cold, they came forth from 
their rooms and began singing their Christmas carols. They sang from the depths 
of their hearts, and with the clear, beautiful moonlight as a background, made a most 
impressive scene. On Christmas day two of these singers decided to become follow- 
ers of him whose advent had thus filled their hearts with joy. Pray that the lives of 
these two girls may be as leaven, which may permeate and influence the lives of 
every one of their schoolmates. 

B. M. Flory 

1. Teachers. 

During the first half of the year two teachers were employed in the school — one 
giving full time to teaching, the other acting as teacher and steward. During the 
last half year two teachers gave full time in the classroom, while the steward taught 
two hours per day in addition to keeping the accounts. The teachers are deeply 
interested in the growth and outlook of the school and are working hard to achieve 
the greatest results. The spirit of cooperation is good and they enjoy the confidence 
of the pupils. 

2. Enrollment. 

Thirty-five boys were enrolled during the first half. After the summer vacation 
the enrollment was increased to sixty, who were regular in attendance during the 
fall term. In the examinations the boys were successful in general. Many made 
excellent grades, while seven failed in the average. Several of these were asked not 
to return, as the teachers were agreed that they were mentally unable to make the 
grades, and the school has not prepared special courses for such pupils. 

3. Student Spirit. 

Although the boys are below fifteen years of age there are many who show 
ability for leadership. Upon suggestion they organized and raised three dollars with 
which they bought a beautiful pennant and presented it to the board's deputation at 
the time of their visit to Shou Yang. Later they organized an athletic association 
and raised eighteen dollars, giving half themselves, to buy athletic goods. The school 
prepared a basketball and football court, and the field is a scene of great activity 
after school hours. Much interest is shown in the Bible in the classroom, chapel 
and Sunday-school. A spirit of helpfulness exists, the Bible being used, as they are 
able to interpret it, as the Rule Book for settling disputes. A request has already 
been made that a Y. M. C. A. be organized, with regular weekly meetings. 

4. Added Equipment. 

Seven new sleeping rooms were made available at the opening of the fall term 
by renovating the old cow stable at the rear of the court during the summer. The 
assembly room was made larger and more commodious. New lamps, dining-room 

Annual Report 27 

tables and benches were added. The new bathhouse, with pool, attracted special 
attention and was enjoyed by both teachers and pupils. 
5. Conclusion. 

That the citizens of this community are interested in education is shown some- 
what, in that the school received about four hundred dollars receipts during the year. 
This amounts to more than one-fourth the entire budget for the year. The fees will 
be increased this year. The outlook for the school is very bright. Many have been 
refused admittance because we can accommodate only sixty. With accommodations 
provided the enrollment can be increased by tens and twenties with an excellent type 
of boys coming from worthy homes. Our great need is a larger school building and 
court, and in order that this opportunity may not be lost it is important that we 
build in the near future. The student and faculty organization at home has been 
asked to supply this need. We have confidence that the funds will be forthcoming 
and that many strong men may be trained for God's service. 


Walter J. Heisey 

Notwithstanding the famine cries and the cry of the high cost of living, the 
year's work at Shou Yang has been most delightful. Just after the New Year the 
department was successful in securing the assistance of Mr. Wu Hua Hsing, who has 
been working faithfully throughout the year. He not only takes his place in the 
preaching, but is an invaluable aid in planning the work and helping to understand 
some of the problems involved in preaching among the Chinese people. 

Another improvement, which has added to the joy of the evangelistic department 
this year, is the repair work done to the chapel. At the beginning of the year we 
held all of our services in the old chapel, which was much too small and incon- 
venient to accommodate the work. During the summer we remodeled an old Chinese 
store and dyeyard. This work was completed and the building ready to enter early 
in September, just at the time of our mission meeting and the much-appreciated visit 
from Brethren Williams, Yoder and Harnly. With this newly-repaired chapel in 
which to have our worship, the attendance began to increase, so that at this writing 
the building is already too small to accommodate the people who attend. The seat- 
ing capacity is nearly two hundred and fifty. 

It was our happy privilege during the mission meeting to receive our first two 
Chinese converts at Shou Yang by baptism. These two brethren, Mr. Kuo and Mr. 
Huo, are taking their place in the Christian church very joyfully and are proving 
very valuable help to the work. Mr. Kuo is teaching in the boys' school, while Mr. 
Huo continues his business. He has been helping recently in the purchase and 
delivery of grain for the famine sufferers. 

Not the least among the encouraging phases of the work is the revival, to some 
extent, of the interest among some of the pre-Boxer converts and enquirers. It 
has been twenty years since the terrible Boxer persecution, but the fear of a re- 
currence of that cruelty, or something similar, has not left the minds and hearts of 
the people. This is a problem which must constantly be met and handled in the 
evangelistic departments. We are thankful to find its hold gradually lessening as 
the people become more enlightened. 

In a community where for any reason a church has been forced to close up its 
work, there are always a few people, at least, who have a desire and longing to see 
the work revived. This is a situation which we find at Shou Yang. There are quite 
a few people who have either been baptized members or who were enquirers, who 
have gotten cold, but in whose hearts there is still a longing desire to have a renewed 
fellowship with Christ. In one community near Shou Yang there are some twenty 
such people. We are planning as soon as possible to open an out-station for them 
in their own village. 

With all of the encouragement there are a few things which constantly come 


Annual Report 

and would if possible tend to discourage us in our work. But these if rightly seen 
only drive us closer to the Father. In a heathen country, where one is surrounded 
by superstition and idol Worship, one needs constantly to keep in close fellowship 
with the Father, lest by any means the faith and Christian experience of one's own 
life be snatched away by the devil. We are all creatures who need constant power 
and inspiration. This we get through daily prayers and constant fellowship with 
faithful Chinese Christians. 

Dr. and Mrs. D. L. Horning 

One year ago, the 25th of last January, we arrived in Peking and two days later 
began the study of the Chinese language, which was continued without interruption 
until the middle of June, save for a few minor illnesses and two short vacations. 

Six months of our language completed, we boarded a well-crowded train for 
Ping Ting Chou, where we spent a few days acquainting ourselves with the work, 
and then moved on seventy miles by donkey to Liao Chou. Here we were to care 
for the missionaries in case of emergency and continue our language study. On the 
evening of the second day of our trip we were met by Bro. Raymond Flory, who 
accompanied us the remainder of our three days' journey. 

As we neared Liao, members of the mission family with the school children came 
out to welcome us. We lived in the home of Bro. N. A. Seese, as he and family were 
then at the coast. We took our meals with the Flory family, and when they, on 
account of the heat and for a little rest, went to the mountains, ten miles distant, 
we, with our language teacher, accompanied them. In the mountains, with our mat 
tents pitched among the pines and not far from a large spring, we resumed our 
studies. We returned to the city after several weeks, much refreshed. 

As the time for our annual mission meeting drew near we again mounted our 
donkeys, and after three days' trip arrived at Ping Ting. It is only two hours' ride 
from here to Shou Yang, where the conference was held. After the conference and 
the arrival of a little son in the home of M. M. Myers we turned our faces toward 
the Language School at Peking. Here we have been with the exception of a call 
to Ping Ting to help care for little Henry King Oberholtzer, who had been stricken 
with cerebro-spinal meningitis. 

Thus our first year of the language has been completed and we begin with the 
second. Will you pray with us that God may give us strength to do better work 
for him? 

The report of our South China work will appear in a later issue of the Visitor. 



















O u 



PM o 





























to +■> 


Ping Ting Hsien, 


























Shou Yang, 


Language School 



• • 

• • 

• • 


,1 14 | 28 | 11 | 8 | 32 

1 5 | 11 | 16 | 2 11,196,000 

Annual Report 


Church, 1920 






























2 1 



























1 1 








Liao Chou 






! 37 



Shou Yang 

• 1 



1 '2 




| 2 | 3 | 

| 12 | 3 | 320 | 72 | 2 | 

| .. | 3 | 401 

Sunday School, 1920 







































Ping Ting Hsien 








Liao Chou, 




1 :: 



Shou Yang 


| $29.48 | 32 | 261 | 57 | 

Medical, 1920 










































































I— 1 










Ping Ting Hsien 





1 47 

) 5,91' 

\ 140 
5 100 


Liao Chou, 







Shou Yang, 

• 1 • 

Totals, | 2 | 1 | 3 | 2 J 474 | 

*Ping Ting, Total operations, 285. 

| . 1 . |4,001 1 10,2691 240 | . |$2,565.76 

Ping Ting Boys' School, 
Ping Ting Girls' School, 
Liao Chou Boys' School. . 
Liao Chou Girls' School, 
Shou Yang Boys' School, 
Shou Yang Girls' School, 

Boarding Schools, 1920 



" 2 

3 *e 
Ph O 

o* o' 











Totals | 637 1 

* Failed to give number. ** All grades. 


I 29 | 


Annual Report 

Village Schools, 1920 


G w 

01 •£ £ 

2* ^ rt 

3 .G m « 

d d 2 d 

£ fc o & 

Ch'ang Ch'eng Boys' School, 

Ho Hsun Boys' School 

Ho Hsun Girls' School, 

Kao Lao Boys' School 

Kao Lao Girls' School, 

Le Ping Boys' School, 

Luan Liu Boys' School, 

Luan Liu Girls' School, 

Yii Hsien Boys' School, 

Yu She Hsien Girls' School, . 
Yii She Hsien Boys' School, . 
























- 2 











. | 376 | 11 | 4 | 14 


Bible School, 1920, Opened Fall Term 

Number of pupils, 18. Number of teachers, 2. 

Annual Report 


N. V. Salonki, the Native Minister at Jalalpor. His Wife Benabai, and 

Three Children, Alfred, Arthur and Wimilla, Enjoy Their 

Christian Home 

I. General Reports 

FORWARD.— A. T. Hoffert 

Sister Ida C. Shumaker struck a note at the beginning of her report, which I 
believe has been the earnest effort of every missionary during the past year—" Go 
forward!" This part of her report is in place here: 

"On the first Sunday of the New Year, 1920, our minister, Bro. N. V. Solanki, 
gave us a splendid sermon on the keynote of our year's work — 'Go forward!' Along 
every line of the various activities here we have made a desperate effort to ' Go for- 
ward,' even when the way seemed closed. We remembered that 'when the soles 
of the feet of the priests . . . shall rest in the waters . . . the waters shall be 
cut off' (Joshua 3: 13). We 'must move on as if the way were open, believing that it 
would open.' We must go forward in duty, even though we can see no way by 
which we can go forward." 

The reports of the different missionaries have been grouped around various lines 
of work. It is hoped by this arrangement that the reader will get with ease a grasp 
of the lines of work receiving emphasis on the field and the progress that has been 
made at the various stations along these avenues of activity. 

For most of the year our missionary force consisted of twenty-five workers, 
who have been on the* field for a period of three or more years, and twenty-one 
workers who have been here for less than three years. When these latter become 
experienced workers, the efficiency of our missionary force will be almost doubled. 
The health of the new workers has been good and their progress in learning the 
language most commendable. 

Early in the year those who wenton furlough included Brother and Sister Stover, 
and two children; Brother and Sister Pittenger and three children; Drs. Cottrell, and 
Sisters B. Mary Royer an$ Goldie Swartz. Those returning from furlough included 
at beginning of the year, Bro. D. J. Lichty, Brother and Sister Q. A. Holsopple and 
two children, Brother and Sister D. L. Forney and daughter, and Sister Sadie J. 
Miller. Near the close of the year Brother and Sister Blough returned from furlough. 
Brother and Sister Forney, after their extended stay in the home Jand ? have done 

32 Annual Report 

splendidly in getting the use of the language and becoming adjusted to the work 

Before the close of the year the India Mission was hoping the visiting brethren, 
consisting of Elders J. H. B. Williams and J. J. Yoder, of the General Mission 
Board, and Dr. H. J. Harnly, of McPherson College, would reach India in time to 
spend Christmas with us. In this we were disappointed. Hence, it remains for the 
1921 report to tell of the inspiration, encouragement and help this splendid delega- 
tion has been to the India mission during the early months of 1921. 


WORK OF 1920.— H. P. and Kathryn B. Garner 

According to Mark 6: 30-31, the disciples made a report to Jesus of the work 
they had done. We, too, are continually going out to see what our workers are 
doing and expecting reports from them, and so it is that those who have sent us out 
look from year to year for a report of the work we have done during the year. 

During the latter part of January our Marathi District Meeting was held at 
Ahwa, and Bro. Garner with a number of Indian men attended. At the close of this 
meeting, he, as a representative from our mission, attended a conference of leper 
asylum superintendents, doctors and other workers. We have not as yet an asylum 
in our mission, but expect to have the oversight of one at Palghar as soon as the 
buildings can be erected. A printed report of the findings of the conference will be 
quite a help in starting out in this enterprise. 

At the end of the hot season, when the language school closed at Mahableshwar, 
we were very pleased to welcome into our family Bro. Shull's, Bro. Hollenberg's, and 
Sister Browrt. While this increased household duties and somewhat crowded us, we 
much appreciate the association of these good people in our home. During the rains, 
when it is difficult to get out, it is rather pleasant to have some associates at home. 

During the latter part of September we spent two weeks at Lonavla. Here on 
the mountain, although not high, we found quite a nice place for rest and enjoyed 
it very much. Then in November it was our first privilege to see work in other mis- 
sions. We spent from Friday until Monday with Mr. Henry Fairbanks, of the 
American Marathi Mission (Congregational Church) at Ahmednagar. This visit we 
feel was quite valuable. 

The use of the Ford for one year has proved beyond a question its efficiency as 
a mission agent. And if the donors could but hear the words of appreciation spoken 
by those at the station, as well as other missionaries who have visited us, they would 
feel amply repaid for the money appropriated. Looking after building work a mile 
from home could not have been carried on as it should have been during the hot 
season had it not been for "Henry." The railway has been brought at least five 
hours nearer. Dahanu is but three hours distant. We can drink an early morning 
tea and go to Bombay and do three or four hours' shopping and return home in time 
for dinner in the evening. It is not only a time saver, but we think it is cheaper in 
the actual outlay of money. The car is used at mission expense only for mission 
work. If private business is done, or pleasure trips are taken, the expense of the 
trip is borne by those who go. This is arrived at by having fixed a rate per mile 
for the use of the machine. 

The budget for the mission for 1920 was just double that of 1919, but I dare say 
that the work of the treasurer was more than doubled. The arranging for and 
sending out of $150,000, or nearly rupees five hundred thousand in small checks and 
keeping these accounts is not a small job. And although it required some late and 
early hours to get all done, it was a pleasure to serve the mission in this capacity. 
Exchange at the beginning of the year was a very little above the two rupee mark 
and fluctuated considerably until about the first of August, when it began to rise — 
first gradually, but later in great leaps and bounds, until it had gone over the four 
rupee mark, This was about one-third better than the pre-war rate. This will help 

Annual Report 33 

to pay back to the Board some that was required to make up losses the forepart of 
the year. We are again indebted to the secretary of the Bombay Tract and Book 
Society for selling our drafts. This they do at a commission of one rupee for one 
hundred dollars. We are also indebted to the Home Board for allowing us the 
normal rate of exchange on our budget, and they making up the deficit. 

We are all looking forward with pleasure when Bro. L. A. Blickenstaff will be 
with us and take up this end of the work. 

(The Blickenstaff family arrived safely on April 1, 1921.) 

A BUSY YEAR.— H. L. Alley 

In the early part of the year the work of this station was left in the hands of 
ourselves and Sister Ebbert. Bro. Pittenger and family and Sisters Royer and 
Swartz sailed for the homeland and Dr. Nickey went to Bulsar, where she could 
better meet the medical needs of the entire mission in the absence of Drs. Cottrell. 
Sister Ebbert also went to Landour for several months' rest during the hot season, 
while we continued the work alone. Sister Alley did what she could for the sick 
who came after the doctor had gone. This, with caring for the girls' boarding 
in the absence of Sister Ebbert, and looking after the duties of the home, made 
her first hot season on the plains a busy one. Caring for the boys' boarding, the 
village schools and the small Christian community here, together with the general 
work on the compound, filled each day with work and new experience for me. 

In June Sisters Blickenstaff and Brumbaugh and Brother and Sister Butterbaugh 
with their three children came to Dahanu for language study. I also spent some 
time studying and passed my second examination in November. With her added 
household duties, Sister Alley was not able to study regularly, and so did not appear 
for her second examination. 

We are grateful to our Heavenly Father for the health and strength given during 
the year to perform the many and various tasks, as we seemed Spirit led. 


GENERAL.— Adam Ebey 

This has been another year of lights and shadows, but we are thankful that the 
shadows did not prevail over the lights. There are more births than deaths, and 
fewer people who were continually hungry. People who are willing to work got 
along very well. Work was plentiful. Crops were fairly good. 

The mission owns no land here. It cannot be bought. It belongs to the native 
chiefs, or kings, and is held in trust for them by the British raj. We pay four 
dollars a year rent to the native king for the use of many acres. Hay we get for the 
cutting; firewood for the getting. Most of the timber we use for building is given 
to us free. 

It is twenty-four miles to the railway station. The .road winds up and down and 
about the hills. A new road is being surveyed. This will make the distance less, and 
will cut out a number of the grades. Arrangements are being made to have telephone 
service. The rivers are being surveyed, looking forward to the use of water power. 

Ten villages are partly occupied at present. One hundred and thirty are un- 
occupied. The heavy work at the bungalow, that never ceases, keeps the mission- 
aries tied up. They cannot get out into the villages to look after the schools. They 
cannot do much evangelistic work. This is not as we desire it to be, but we cannot 
help it at present. 



During the time that we have been at Bulsar we have seen many changes, both 
within the Christian community and within the non-Christian communities around us. 

34 Annual Report 

The people are rapidly breaking away from their old ways and adopting the more 
advance ways of the west. Along with the demand for freedom from the foreign 
yoke comes also the strong appeal for removing the fetters from the many millions 
of downtrodden within the land. Recently I met a caste man who was taken 
severely to task by his own people for admitting butcastes into his school, and now 
he has given up the work he was doing and devoting his time to helping the needy. 
The backward classes are, waking up to their rights, and larger numbers are seen in 
the schools and in public places. 

The unrest around us naturally has its influence on the Christian people also, and 
the missionary in his dealings with the Christian people must be all the more careful 
to^respect the national aspirations that influence them. 

The relation of the mission to the surrounding communities has taken on a more 
favorable coloring. Many prejudices have been removed, and our community now 
enjoys a much more friendly relationship with others. 

The economic status of the community is gradually becoming stronger. Some 
who were- constantly requiring help are now able to manage for themselves. More 
have their own houses and some more have land on which to build. Some make 
their living by carting, while others have dairy cows and are doing well. Others are 
employed on the^railroad, Bulsar being the first division center after leaving Bombay, 
and it is usually possible for anyone out of employment to get work here. This 
makes more demand for rent rooms than the mission has been able to supply. 
However, the moral and social surroundings growing up around us as a result of the 
enlarging of the railroad center have created some problems which are most difficult 
to grapple with, and which are not to the interests of our Indian Christian community. 

Jalalpor, Navsari Station 

PART OF YEAR.— D. L. Forney 

. The report of the work for this station is necessarily brief. Having arrived at 
the station April 5 we can report from our own observation or experience for only a 
part of the year. 

The work was just recovering from the shock of a severe conflict between the 
high-caste people of the village and the mission, in connection with the school authori- 
ties concerning the attendance of some Christian boys who were sent in from various 
stations to complete a course of study assigned them. The matter was finally referred 
to government and the decision rendered favoring the Christians and all classes 
attending government schools. While the decision was all that could be desired on 
the part of Christians, the feelings engendered will longer survive. 

We found Sister Shumaker in charge of the work, having passed through the 
trying conditions referred to above. It soon became apparent that she must have 
a rest and change or suffer a complete breakdown. So, early in May, she arranged 
to go to Landour, whither other workers had already gone for needed rest. Our 
daughter Lucile had accompanied other children to the same station to pursue her 
work in school. 

Wife and I found language study a necessary part of our program, along with 
general supervision of building operations then in progress and other usual work 
in mission stations. Getting acquainted with and becoming adjusted to the work 
and changed conditions after years of absence requires time. Under these conditions 
we found our Indian minister, Bro. Naranji Valji, very helprul. 

Vali and Anklesvar 

AN UNUSUAL YEAR.— S. Ira Arnold 

The year has been an unusual one for us. We had lived at Vali for the past 
four years. There we had started the boarding school and erected the building; 
there we had passed through the famine of 1919-20; there we had passed through 

Annual Report 


Off for a Pilgrimage in Raj Pipla State 

the siege of influenza that had wrought havoc in most every country on the globe; 
there we had made a row of thirty little graves, of victims of Indian diseases, from 
the baby home and village; there we had buried our own little boy, and thus estab- 
lished a spot most dear to us, which, we hope, will preach silent sermons to those 
who pass; there we had worked and learned to love the people, but our time had 
come to leave. 

Bro. Holsopple and family and Bro. Lichty were to sail for India, landing perhaps 
in December of 1919. The committee had located the Holsopples at Vali, and we 
were to go to Anklesvar to make a home for Bro. Lichty after the Stovers left for 
America. Part of our goods were hurriedly packed for moving, when a telegram 
announced the sickness of Frances Holsopple, contracted on the ship. They were 
taken to Dahanu to the doctor and we awaited results. 

By the time we were able to come to Vali, the influenza had broken out at Ankles- 
var and we thought it not wise to move, lest we also become exposed. Hence our 
visit to Vyara and Ahwa and some time spent in the new bungalow at Umalla, and 
we ourselves came down with the disease. 

Within a week or two we were able to be about again, and having been asked 
to go with the new Marathi missionaries to Mahableshwar, to keep house for them 
during their language study, we moved our goods to Anklesvar and went at once to 
the hill station, for the hot season. The new missionaries proved to be very con- 
genial people, and we, having turned all responsibilities at Vali over to Bro. Hol- 
sopple, and having taken on no new responsibilities at 'Anklesvar, were quite free 
from concern about work left behind. 

By June we were at Anklesvar, ready to take charge of things, as Bro. Lichty 
went to Landour for a much-needed rest. The purchase of a new site for an 
evangelistic bungalow decided the location of the girls' new school-building on the 
northeast corner of the old compound. Assisting in the erecting of this building, 
handling the funds, paying the bills, paying the teachers in the villages and keeping 
all of the station accounts for Bro. Lichty, has been our work during the latter part 
of the year. Thus it is that we have little of our own to show for the past year, 
but we trust that we have been a help to others, allowing them to be out in actual 
service, when otherwise they would have been burdened with the details of many 

(The acceptable assistance rendered by Bro. Arnold's in caring for the station 
accounts and looking after the building of the new Girls' School made possible our 

36 Annual Report 

efforts in the villages. They were also the home makers for one who was often 
lonely and weary. Thanks are also due to the other missionaries and workers of 
the station for their helpfulness on many occasions. — D. J. Lichty.) 

II. Religious Activities 

1 . Sunday-Schools 

BULSAR, PRIMARY.— Flora M. Ross 

Heretofore my work in Sunday-school had been with the women, but at the 
opening of the year I consented to tak^ over the Primary Sunday-school. 

There are in the Christian homes about 150 children under twelve years of age. 
Therefore the attendance in the primary Sunday-school was from about eighty to 
one hundred. This included those from second grade down to infants. There are 
fifty-six names on the cradle roll, and some of these dome to the primary Sunday- 
school with older brothers or sisters. 

Until this year they had all been in one large class, but this year we succeeded 
in getting qualified teachers and dividing into three classes. 

One of these teachers was a Bible School student who has had very little if any 
special training as teacher, but he certainly has natural ability in managing and 
teaching children. 

VALI, PRIMARY.— Kathren R. Holsopple 

Beginning with 1920 we separated the primary from the main school. This has 
proved very successful, making it possible for the small children to take part in the 
opening exercises, that otherwise was impossible. There are now ninety in this de- 
partment. They have learned new songs, twenty Scripture verses, the twenty-third 
Psalm and part of a catechism. There are three classes which studied the first book 
of the India Sunday-school Union Graded course for the Primary Department. Of 
the fifty-eight who took the examination at the end of the year, forty-six passed. 
Some effort has been made to use handwork in the classes, but because of sickness, 
absence from the work and a lack of materials, not a great deal was accomplished. 
We hope for something more this year. 


Here on the compound, three miles away, at the Boys' Boarding, and in seven of 
the villages where we have school during the week, the people gather regularly for 
Sunday-school each Sunday. The Sunday-school here on the compound is the only 
one in which there is a real organization. The others consist for the most part of 
the teacher of the school and his family and the children who attend school during 
the week. We hope to reach more of these children's parents during the coming 
year. In some of the classes in the school on the compound the International Lessons 
arc used. In the other and in our other schools a series of graded lessons are 
used. We arc sure that 'the seed now being sown in the hearts of these children will 
yield a harvest for our Master. 


Our central Sunday-school, of course, leads. Our attendance has been about that 
of the preaching services. Part of the time there have been eight classes, and there 
should have been more, but we do not have qualified teachers. Sister Ebey has had 
teachers' meeting most of the year. 

We had one special review. Several of the lessons were acted out by the children 
in a dramatic way. It is something that suits these Indian people, and was well re- 
ceived. There was nothing "funny," but it would hardly do in an American Sundaj'- 

Our other schools have not done as well as formerly. They did not come up to 
our expectations. 

Annual Report 37 


~ Each village teacher has at least one Sunday-school. Two teachers are manag- 
ing two each, I am glad to say. This year we used for the first time the first book of 
graded lesson series, consisting of interesting, easy Bible stories. The teachers and 
all our boarding-school children took the regular International Lessons and exami- 
nations. A large number of our boarding boys and girls, taught by Sister Long, also 
passed a second examination in the first book of the graded series. We had more 
passes than ever before in these tests, and feel r well justified in granting a small cup 
as reward to all the village children who passed. Vyara won no medal this time, but 
did win ten prizes in the form of Bibles and New Testaments. 

Seven of our teachers took teacher training and passed the third year exami- 
nation successfully. This was Dr. Schauffler's book on the Bible. 


Our Sundays were spent in quite the same manner as we would spend them at 
home. We attended services at the Kellogg Memorial church, where they had Sunday- 
school with preaching services following. But when the season closes, people begin 
to go down to the plains to their homes and work, taking their smaller children with 
them, and in many cases all their children. By October first the Sunday-school closed, 
as did the church services, and from that time we organized our own Sunday-school 
in the home. Several others joined us, and during that time our offerings amounted 
to over eight rupees. From November on we had our own number only, and the 
offerings were a total of nearly six rupees. 

The first amount was donated to the St. Bernard Homes, so famous in India for 
the benevolent work done. These homes are not in India, but in Great Britain. The 
last amount was given to the temperance work of our own mission, which is being 
made very prominent this year. 

All the children in the home studied the lessons for the All-India-Sunday-school 
examination, given in September. Four took the primary oral; the others the written. 
Two of the juniors, in the written, passed with honors and got special prizes for that. 
All passed with splendid marks. This examination was entirely our own, for the Kel- 
logg Sunday-school did not make any effort with the lessons for examination. The 
lady who examined the written papers said: "The very best papers we have had from 
any part of India " — and she congratulated us on the effort. 


Our mission furnished the Sunday-school Notes for the several missions of Gujarat 
and Marathi, as usual. Because of the introduction of the graded lesson books several 
hundred fewer quarterlies were issued each time than were subscribed for in 1919, the 
total number for 1920 being about 1,685 for each quarter. The Hints for Teachers were 
most carefully prepared by Sister Alice Ebey, of Ahwa, and were much appreciated 
by many. In supplying these notes our mission is doing a service that is appreciated 
and quite worth while. The Father will see to it that his Word will not return void, 
but will accomplish the purpose for which it is sent forth. 

2. Church Reports 
VALI, CHURCH.— Q. A. Holsopple 

The Vali congregation decided to put a stone floor in the church. Money was 
available to purchase the stone. Local subscriptions provided funds for lime, cement 
and labor. The walls were decorated by putting a bit of yellow powder in whitewash, 
and trimmed with dark*brown. This adds much to the appearance of the interior of 
the church. • 

December 26, fourteen boys of the boarding-school were received into the church 
by baptism. 

38 Annual Report 


To develop a community consciousness round a common Friend and a common 
task — this is the ideal toward which we are working and praying in the Bulsar church 
life. The membership numbers well over two hundred. The Sunday-school enroll- 
ment is 244, including the Wankel Sunday-school. During 1920 teacher-training classes 
were held, and teachers' meeting was a weekly feature, with a few exceptions. A 
Children's Day program was given. Sermons adapted to the needs and capacity of the 
children became more frequent through the year. Group prayer meetings were held 
in the evening during parts of the year. The baptisms numbered sixteen. 

Christmas week was given over to joyous celebration. Each day or evening a 
program was rendered by some part of the community; e. g., Christmas program by 
the Sunday-school; a program and sports by the day-school; a program in behalf of 
child welfare; and a temperance program by the local temperance society. Then a 
day was given to community recreation. Nearly every Christian in the neighborhood, 
with many friends from outside, altogether a crowd of 350 Christians went to the sea- 
side for sports and a community dinner. It was a memorable event and much enjoyed. 

These are some of the things toward which we are striving. We leave unrecorded 
the petty quarrels and misunderstandings, the childish jealousies, the violation of com- 
munity and Christian standards incident to the church life in a non-Christian land. 
Christian character is in the making, and we are thankful for every mark of progress. 

Bulsar, Church (English).— E. H. Eby 

There is a considerable English-speaking population in Bulsar, due to the fact that 
this is a large railway division point. There is no resident chaplain, and the visits 
of the itinerant railway chaplain are not frequent. 

With a view to extending a hand of helpfulness to the railway community and to 
all the English-speaking people we hold services in English each Sunday evening, 
preceded by an English Sunday-school, to which come a number of children, both 
railway and missionary children. 

During 1920 these services gave an avenue of service to the young missionaries who 
were here studying language. Their help was much appreciated and we hope they, 
too, were benefited by the effort. 


As compared with other years, the decrease in baptisms is a noticeable feature of 
our statistical report this year. This we very much regret. Indeed, had we not the 
assurance of our Great Leader that the kingdom cometh not necessarily by obser- 
vation, we might rightly become very discouraged. 

Without trying to shift the responsibility for this condition from our own shoul- 
ders it is worthy of our consideration to note that other causes enter into the ques- 
tion. Up to date between seven and eight hundred Bhils of this and adjoining talukas 
have been baptized. They reside in many villages, and these are scattered over a 
large area of country. Several hundred of them are without pastoral care. While 
in many instances they have made spiritual progress, most of them have not pro- 
gressed far enough in their Christian experience to commend their religion to those 
who are their neighbors. So it is obvious that with our limited resources we should 
not forsake or neglect these in order to extend the area of our field of operations. 


We have had a quiet year. There was not as much enthusiasm and momentum 
amongst either teachers or laity as one longs to see. Some of this laxity is due to 
the little time the missionary was able to spend with the members in the villages. 
Some indifference is due to the inability of our teachers, even if they were ever so 
zealous, to give out real soul food to the village Christians. For what work was done 
I cheerfully give the "credit to our leading Indian evangelists, who oversee the work 
of the several teachers under their charge. During the year, 127, mostly school chil- 
dren, were baptized. 

Annual Report x 39 

AHWA, CHURCH.— Adam Ebey 

The church has grown in numbers about thirty per cent. We think we have grown 
more than that spiritually. There is, however, still room for growth. Our members 
who live at Ahwa are very regular in attending Sunday-school and preaching services. 
The average for the year has been over 163. » This is good for a membership of less 
than one hundred, as it was until near the close of the year. We have an Indian 
preacher. He has taken some of the Sunday work. No Christians died during 1920. 

A marked feature of the work here is that most of the people who become Chris- 
tians have come from Surgana, a small native state to the south, where the king is 
notorious for his cruel treatment of his subjects. Many of them run away. Some 
come here to visit relatives, hear the Word, remain, and finally become Christians. 


The church here has made a net gain of twenty-five during the year. Of these, 
nineteen were baptized, one was received on his former baptism, and the rest were 
received by letter. Those baptized were for the most part either children of our 
boarding-schools or workers who had come to us from other missions and now expect 
to stay with us permanently. The church met each Sunday for Sunday-school and 
preaching service. One love feast was held, two council meetings, and a number of 
other meetings. Our Indian minister did a considerable part of the preaching during 
the year. More money was freely given by the church for the extension of the king- 
dom than in previous years. We take courage and press on. 

VADA, CHURCH.— H. P. Garner 

We have held regular Sunday-school and preaching services each Sunday through- 
out the year, as well as a midweek prayer meeting. On Sunday evening it is our 
custom to go out to some village and preach. We have also had several special meet- 
ings of spiritual uplift during the year, and several temperance meetings, to which the 
village people were given a special invitation, and they also spoke on the program. 
Our church business meetings were held as seemed necessary, and we had an ex- 
cellent love feast at which seventy communed. During the year it was our privilege 
to baptize twelve, and consequently we closed the year with a net gain of seven on 
the church roll. 

3. Evangelistic 


There is nothing that I would enjoy more than to devote my entire time to the 
evangelistic work in the villages. Bro. Eby, by the help of the Bible School students, 
has been able to reach out and help in this work. The boarding-school at Wankel 
has done much to open the way for the reception of the Christian message. Since 
starting at Wankel, five years ago, there have been thirteen baptisms, and at least 
one more can be largely attributable to this work, since the wife of the first convert 
was recently baptized at Jalalpor. Among the late converts were the wives of two 
brothers, one of whom Bro. Emmert baptized several years ago. At the time of the 
first baptisms we had a stampede among the boys, but the last two times nothing of 
the kind has happened, and it looks as though the time is near when the field will 
respond, as at Vyara and Anklesvar. 

The time has come when it would be excellent if some one with a force of workers 
could give his whole time to these many thousands of people, multitudes of them 
practically without any religion or religious guide. 

Evangelistic week was observed by special efforts to reach the people in all the 
villages and towns within reach. Many Gospels and tracts were sold, and good im- 
pressions made. The local Forward Movement committee has been busy and the 
work was well organized for community work. — E. H. Eby. 


Annual Report 


Owing to other duties it has not been our privilege to get out on the special evan- 
gelistic tours as we had at first planned to do. We have two men who spend, their 
entire time in this kind of work, and it is a pleasure. to get out into the fields where 
these men work, as there the people are always more friendly. While the immediate 
results do not seem great, we feel that there is seed being sown that will bring 
forth a harvest sometime. We went out into camp Dec. 4 to a village about eighteen 
miles west of Vada. Here, on a beautiful spot by the river side, under a number of 
large mango trees, we with two men pitched our tent and set to work. We were given 
a hearty welcome everywhere we went. The people seemed to enjoy hearing the 
graphophone and the songs we sang and listening to the Bible stories and seeing the 
pictures. It was our plan to spend until Christmas in this work. However, after 
spending four days, it was necessary to go to Bulsar to attend a committee meeting. 


The work in the villages was in the hands of Bro. Lichty until July 1. In August 
the writer was disabled with sore eyes. As a result it was not possible to get to the 
villages before November. Nine days were spent at Amletha, a love feast was held, 
council meeting, and four were restored to membership. A few days were spent at 
Undi. Twelve were baptized, a love feast held, and a wedding performed. 


In the special effort to evangelize our territory and scatter the Word of God 
broadcast, also, our teachers made good. Our great difficulty here is that so few are 
able to read, hence they have little appetite for literature of any sort. Nevertheless, 


The New Bungalow at Vyara 

the way is open for advance, for the field is white unto the harvest. But shepherds 
for the unlettered flock already gathered in are few. Well may we pray the Lord's 
prayer of Matt. 9: 38. Our one need and passion is to feed well these simple Chris- 
tians "till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of 
God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ." 
The unbelievers will then see it is quite worth while and will come flocking into the 

We know how many we have baptized, all told, to date, but have unsurmountable 
difficulties in trying to keep track of our Christians. They are scattered far and wide 
in search of work for a livelihood. The number of Christians counted in the tables 
is therefore only approximately correct. 

Annual Report 41 


In taking over the large work left at this station by Bro. Stover, it has required 
most of the year to make a proper inventory of the heritage left to us. In so doing 
it was soon discovered that with the limited resources of men and means at our com- 
mand, our efforts would necessarily need to be confined to the building up and con- 
solidation of what has already been acquired, and that the entering of new fields 
could not be profitably attempted. 

In pursuance of this policy the efforts of our mission workers have been confined 
to villages already occupied, and during this touring season of 1920-21 it has been a 
delight for us to be able to visit all the places where work is in progress. Considerable 
effort was made to inspirit the workers with the gospel message and to encourage 
them in their work. They have much to discourage them. Everywhere there is rank 
indifference where there is not open opposition. Of the latter there has been consid- 
erable, due in large part to the spirit of the times and the increasing aversion to 
all that seems to be foreign on the part of a growing section of the population who 
are clamoring for home rule. On this account several of our best village schools have 
been almost broken up. However, in every village we found a company of the faithful 
who gave us hope and heart. We thank God, not only for what they now are, but 
mostly for what by his grace we hope to make them and their children. 

4. Evangelistic: Bible Women's Work 


This year we have only nine women who live in the villages and are supposed 
to do Bible women's work. Of these, three teach in the village mission schools. One 
of these spent nine months in training college. Some of them who have had but little 
training or education are doing good work among the ignorant village women. 

During the year a goodly number of village women and girls have been baptized. 
These women attend the public meetings with the men, and become Christians almost 
as readily as the men. 

In November, for two weeks, we had our teachers and Bible women assembled 
here for Bible study and prayer. Five women took the examination in the first-year 
Bible course for women and all passed. Three others were in the class, but because 
of sickness could not sit in the examination. 

For some years we have kept up a daily class for the illiterate women on our 
compounds and near by. Ten attended for most of the time. They were taught the 
first and second books of the graded Sunday-school course. Ten took the exami- 
nation and all but one passed. They have sewing class and they make their own 

We have a sewing circle for the boarding-women teachers on Saturday. We piece 
comfort tops, and some learn to knit and crochet. Once a month they sew for them- 
selves — mend old garments or cut and make new ones. 


A need was felt here for some more definite work among the women. Bible 
women are difficult to find. In looking around we discovered five women, all brought 
up in our orphanage, with more or less experience, who were glad for the chance to do 
this kind of work. Their husbands were mission workers, but they were unemployed. 
At first they came to the bungalow for a lesson at eight o'clock each morning, and 
then went direct to some near village, where they talked to the women and children 
or whoever came to listen. Later, on account of sickness, the head woman took 
charge of the lesson and has done very excellent work. They all passed in the exami- 
nation of the book they studied. They were out seventy-six days and talked to 2,134 
people. They usually went in groups of twos. They attended the ten days' institute 
in November and did good work. 

42 Annual Report 


We have not been able to spend much time in the villages, but whtn we could 
go we always had splendid meetings. We hope to do much more next year than we did 
this, for much of the work on account of which we were compelled to stay at home 
is done now, so we hope to reach many more people with the Gospel than last year. 
The old year is gone and we are praying for a more successful one this year. Oh, the 
harvest is so white! 


During the year I went out occasionally with the Bible women. In January we 
had our special evangelistic week, in which we spent day and night out among the 
people. At night we took the phonograph, and, with it to draw the people, we were 
always sure to have, a crowd to preach to. The Indian people are fond of music of 
any kind, so when they hear the phonograph they come running from all directions. 
We play a few records, then tell them "The Story." I was out a few days at a time 
and visited in nine villages. These were new villages. Some of them we visited for 
the first time; so the work for the most part was to become acquainted with the 
people. The next time we go the people will remember when we were there before 
and will have many questions to ask. 

AHWA, WOMEN'S WORK.— Alice K. Ebey 

We have eight women, wives of our evangelists and village teachers, who spend 
more or less time among the women, each in her own village. These Bible women 
have had little special preparation for this kind of work. Most of them are mothers 
of small children, hence have not been able to push the work. We are trying to in- 
troduce a course of study for them. Owing to pressing duties at home, we have not 
been able to visit the out-villages as we should like to do. 

At Ahwa we have been making special effort to teach our Christian women. The 
raw converts are so ignorant of gospel truth, and we feel that the thing of most im- 
portance, both for the present and the future success of the Lord's work, is the in- 
struction in righteousness for our Christian wives and mothers. Two Bible women 
are located here at Ahwa, and make house-to-house visits. They, too, give much of 
their time to our nearly thirty Christian women here. Eight of these women have 
been baptized during the year, and a number of others seem not far from the kingdom. 

Sometimes we go with a band of the schoolgirls to the non-Christian homes to sing 
and to speak a word for Jesus. We are usually well received. Once or twice during 
the year our message was resented. One high-caste woman gave a rupee ($0.33) to 
our Bible women. They did not like to take it. They said, "We have not come for 
money, but only because we love and would like to have you share our joy in Christ." 
But she pressed them and said, "It is to further your good work." 

We have a weekly meeting for our Christian women and for such others as may 
come. We have studied the Gospel of Matthew during the year. On the whole, we 
feel much gratified with the spiritual growth that is manifest. But our ideal has not 
been reached by any means. Pray for us, for our Bible women, and for Christian 
women who have lately entered the fold. 


On account of another influenza epidemic early in the year, the touring season 
was shortened. All the Christian families on the compound, as well as all the mis- 
sionaries, except one, had attacks of influenza. 

Sickness always brings some good, some blessing, but at times it is hard to find 
the good it has been to us. This time sickness kept us from moving out early in 
January. Then Jan. 4 it began to rain, and for two days it was not unlike monsoon. 

In the six weeks of touring that remained we tented in eight villages, visiting 
other villages during the day. During the hot season we again visited all the villages 
in which we have Christians. 

The work continues the same, only our efforts are more to win back those who 

Annual Report 


have been taken into the church, than to win those who never have been baptized. 

I can see some reason for the lack of interest in our village Christians. For the 
past several years times have been hard enough for the ones In moderate circum- 
stances, so the very poor have to go where they can earn something. Away from 
their homes they are altogether away from Christian influences, and are not able even 
to keep the Sabbath unless they fast that day. But we rejoice that we can say of 
some that they are growing in the Christian life, and it is their changed lives that 
carry the silent message that will win others to the Savior. 

These people are different from us, yet how like us when it comes to answering 
any questions about becoming Christians! They avoid us, they make excuses, they 
promise that they will come sometime. 

Anklesvar Village Women Whose Husbands Are Christians 

We do all we can to win the women, but it is the way of the country that, with 
few exceptions, what the men say and the way they desire, thus it goes. If the men 
who have become Christians want the women to become Christians, they will; so 
now we are trying to get the men converted; then we can hope for more women to 
come into the church. 

I can think of only two women who were baptized in 1920. But these two under- 
stand better than many do when they come for baptism, and we have all reason to 
believe that they will remain steadfast. 

Our evening meetings are well attended and the attention is excellent. The radi- 
opticon is a great assistance in keeping the attention of the audience. It is a great 
help to them to have the Bible stories told them in an illustrated way. We have the life 
of Christ, as well as a number of other Bible pictures, some scenes of American 
homes, farm scenes, etc. 


During the year we have been having sewing classes among the mothers, of a 
bit different type from before. Many of the women now know how to cut and make 
the simple garments for themselves and their children. One of the best-educated 
Indian women taught them how to cut patterns, how to use them and how to put 
garments together and to sew. 

At our regular Wednesday afternoon meetings we have taken up some work on 
hygiene, sanitation and child welfare. The women take to this work very slowly, 

44 Annual Report 

but we feel we have made a bit of progress in some respects. Some of our mothers are 
coming to consider with favor a digestible diet for lying-in-mothers. Those who have 
tried light diet instead of the heavy, rich food the}' always thought necessary, have 
been well pleased with the result. 

Our Indian Christian homes are a great improvement in sanitation over the non- 
Christian homes. The death rate among the educated Christians is much lower than 
among non-Christians. 

Bulsar being the oldest station in the mission and quite centrally located, we 
have the privilege of entertaining a great deal of company. The trains come at con- 
venient hours with regard to mealtime, and as we have an extension table, we usually 
have time to extend it, lay on extra plates and put extra food in the kettle if any one 
comes. We want every one to feel at home with us. 

We trust the Lord has been served and glorified in the doing of the little scattered 
works we have been able to do. 

III. Educational Reports 

1 . Village Schools 


The eight schools that were in session at the beginning of the year were continued 
throughout the year. Schools were opened also in three other villages.. Besides the 
teacher and his family there are no Christians in these villages. However, all the 
schools have been opened at the request of the people of the village, and the teacher 
has all the opportunity he needs to teach concerning Christ and the Bible. In five of 
the villages there are also night schools, where those may learn who are compelled 
to work in the fields during the day. It also affords an opportunity for the villagers 
to meet together, where the teacher can talk with them about their problems and tell 
them the gospel message. Each village has its own difficulties to be overcome, but in 
practically every case the work succeeds in direct proportion to the earnestness and 
consecration of the teacher. Pray for these workers and for us, that we may^inspire 
them to greater efforts. . 


The village school as an evangelistic agency is usually considered one of the most 
important, and so it is our aim to maintain as many as possible. One master died of 
the." flu" during the year, and that school was closed. We have not yet raised up 
workers of our own in Marathi, and the importation of teachers and other workers 
is not only trying but also very expensive, as they so often get dissatisfied and leave 
within a month or so. We have had this experience with three during the year. 
While we started with four schools we closed the year with but three. 


Nine village schools have been open part of the year, a few of them but six 
months. One was in session but two months. The people live in huts. When they 
take a notion to move, the whole village goes. Then we have to follow them or close 
the school. Our schoolhouses are cheap structures, but it is a job to move them, and 
this feature of the work often discourages us. We have not been able to get trust- 
worthy inspection and supervision. All teachers' must come from outside, and many 
of them are not willing to stay. We do not have time to give close personal super- 
vision. We long for the day when we may have another missionary here, so that 
one man can look after the school work. 


There is improvement from year to year in the work of the village schools, which 
will become more marked when we can have teachers trained not only in methods 
of teaching but in community work and industries. It is noticeable that there is an 

Annual Report 


increasing demand for education, and there are still calls for schools, even though the 
government has many schools in these parts. However, back in the native states al- 
most the whole population is still illiterate. 

Round about Chikli, under the care of Bro. Limbaji, we have nine schools with an 
enrollment of 272, twenty-five of whom are girls. Four other schools were handed 
over to Bro. Forney during December. Near Wankel we have three village schools 
with an enrollment of eighty. 


The fourteen village schools of the district were under the supervision of Bro. 
Ross, but in a short time we were able to relieve him of a part of these. Because of a 
lack of workers not much has been accomplished in this field the past year in an 
evangelistic way. 

A visit to most of the schools in our territory helps us to realize that there is a 
large field and in some cases an inviting and waiting field, while in other cases there 
is opposition to meet and problems to be solved. A glance at the statistical report for 
this station will show in some cases progress and in others mot. We are thankful 
for the progress made and hopeful for the future. We are thankful for workers 
faithful and helpful. We need more of them. 

As for our needs, they are also numerous. We need more land and more houses 
for workers. We need more trained men and women among our Indian workers who 
can work with, teach and lead others. An auto would be most helpful in district work. 
These are only a few of the things we hope for for the coming year. 


The Class of 7th Standard Boys at Jalalpor, Whom the Caste People Tried to Make 
Leave the Public Schools, but Did Not Succeed 


In 1919 a number of the better workers were taken from Rajpipla State to enter 
Bible school, and to take further training in normal school. This depleted our force 
somewhat. As a result the village schools are not what they should be. Two are 
in fair condition, and six others are of poor quality. Steps have been taken which 
should improve two of these. The village school is the strategic point of missionary 
endeavor, and as time goes on we hope to have a supply of qualified teachers who 
will bring up the standard of these schools. 


One feels like confessing that his schools are not very good, yet none of us feels 
like dispensing with them. The villages are not appreciative of education. The job 

46 Annual Report 

is most difficult, indeed. Our teachers are doubtless doing their best. If only they 
were more tactful and capable! Nevertheless, the}' can teach more successfully than 
they can preach, and it is better policy to teach the young than to preach to the 
grown-ups and the aged. In fact, we find that if a teacher really gets the children to 
improve he has gone far toward teaching the parents. Our several schools are usually 
for our own Christians' children, or if started among unbelievers it is done in the 
assurance that it is the finest sort of evangelistic agency. The night schools are kept 
in the hope of reaching the parents, giving them religious instruction, etc. Here they 
learn to sing and pray. The teacher who can both sing and play the drums or other 
instrument is most influential. 


t\ comparison of village school statistics for 1920 with those of 1919 and 1915, as 
given in the statistical report, does not show the growth that one would expect. This 
study should not be made except in connection with a similar study of the boarding- 
school statistics. While the enrollment of the village schools is reported to be 1,747, 
which is 35 fewer than in 1915, that of the boarding schools has grown from 265 to 893, 
or over three times as great. Then again the teachers thus far, who have received 
special training, generally have been put in the boarding schools. A trained teacher 
was put in the Machad school, Jalalpor, and succeeded in bringing the enrollment of 
that school to over a hundred. While the village schools have scarcely held their 
own, they have supplied, for most part, the hundreds who have entered our boarding 
schools the past few years, many of whom, it is hoped, will return to their villages 
as teachers and leaders. 

2. Boarding Schools 

Primary education, the most important of all, as it is the foundation, is much 
neglected in this country. By this I mean that the poorest teachers are as a rule put 
into the primary classes. Kindergartens are a very new thiii'g; and in this country, 
where the child has no playthings and no home training, they seem to be very neces- 
sary indeed. It is astonishing how helpless half-grown children are with their hands, 
as they have never been taught to use them. After thinking and talking kinder- 
gartens for years it was a great pleasure to start one in our local school. The attend- 
ance has been very regular — about twenty-five. They are practically all children of 
Christian parents. By giving the invitation we feci certain that we could have as 
many more non-Christian children from our village. We haven't given the invitation, 
simply because we do not have a teacher for them. The one who is now teaching has 
had no training except the little help I can give her, but as she loves children she 
does very well. We are hoping and praying that a competent trained teacher will 
come our way. In the meantime we are going to do the best we can with what we 
have. This is an important line of work, and we hope before many years to see it 
become a part of our regular school work. 


When the ground for the Girls' Boarding School building was broken, Jan. 16, 
1920, you should have heard the foul boast of the enemy! Thus far they have not 
succeeded in "razing it to the ground and breaking up the Girls' Boarding School 
and the day school," for God has heard the prayers of the faithful. You who made it 
possible for him to have such a monument to his glory will never, till eternity reveals 
it, know what part you have taken in this great work of bringing the girls of India 
to a higher and nobler sphere in life. 

How we do thank and praise God for the twenty-six girls we now have! You do 
not know, you cannot realize, how much effort it takes, how much of one's own life 
blood must be given, to get and keep these girls in a Christian school, where their 
standard of life will be so much higher and nobler. 


Annual Report 


But, remember, too, that it is not the fault of the girls. They are eager for this 
training. They want to be in our school, and are so happy and joyous. It would do 
your very soul good if you could see them at work or at play. It is the fault, in most 
cases, of the mothers-in-law. They make it so hard for the parents, that, to keep 
peace in the family, they get their girls somehow, even if they must steal them away 
or take them by sheer force, while the poor children beg to stay and cry out in 
agony for us to help them at such a time. 

We also had many special children's meetings. On one occasion we had the help- 
ful services of Mr. Vishram Isucharan, of Surat. He is one of the thirteen workers 
under the Children's Missioner — the Rev. Archibald, of the "Special Children's Service 
Mission for India." He is doing a great work for the children of India, for which we 
thank our Heavenly Father. 

Our day school, in connection with our boarding school, is still moving on. We 
are truly thankful for the sixty-nine children we now have on the register. The head 
mistress, Benabai, the wife of our minister, N. V. Salonki, is specially trained and has 
taken first prize for teaching. She is also matron for the girls in the boarding. She 
has two assistant teachers in the school. One is first-year trained and the other is 
vernacular final pass. Of all schools I have ever had to direct, this has been the 
hardest, because of the fierce opposition and the iron-bound caste system. Yet " is 
anything too hard for the Lord? " We do praise him for the way in which he has 
been leading. We do thank you who have been helping in so many ways, especially 
as " intercessory missionaries." 

The New Jalalpor School Building — Used as Living Quarters for the Matron and 
Family, for the Girls' Dormitories, for School and for Church Services 


After my return from a rest in Landour I took up regular work at Anklesvar 
July 1. Sister Eliza Miller remained in charge of the school work and I assumed the 
care of the hostel. 

The health of the girls has been good throughout the year. No epidemic inter- 
fered with the regular work ^f the school, and for this we are thankful. There have 
been no deaths during the year and no serious sickness. 

The year 1919 closed with 100 in the boarding, and this year it closed with 122. 
This number crowds our present quarters very much, and we are glad for the prospect 
of more room in the near future. At present the verandas are used as the .dining 
room for the girls. This dining room sometimes becomes uncomfortably wet during 

48 Annual Report 

the monsoon season. At such times each girl, after receiving her plate of food, seeks 
some dry corner elsewhere in which she may sit to eat. 

Some of the girls from non-Christian homes, whose parents have been opposed to 
educating them, are beginning to see for themselves the advantages of an education. 
Two of them have run away from home and have come back to the boarding school in 
the last few months. In both instances the mother came to take her girl back home. 
Both girls refused to return home after much scolding, begging and weeping, without 
avail. Since her daughter had been with us for several months, one mother has be- 
come so well satisfied with the results that she contemplates sending her younger 
daughter also. 

During the Christmas vacation I took about twenty-two of the older girls to the 
seaside for a few days' rest and fellowship together. Each forenoon there was a 
Bible study hour and each evening a prayer hour. The rest of the day was spent in 
various kinds of pleasures, singing, story-telling, games, etc. Such vacations afford 
an opportunity of coming in closer contact with the older girls and of giving them 
special help and teaching. 


1920 opened with the influenza epidemic in our midst, and prevented the school 
from commencing its regular session until the latter part of January. The examina- 
tions were conducted at the end of February, and the school was reorganized the 
first of March. During March the regular periods covering five hours a day were 
continued. With April and the hot weather regular morning sessions of three hours 
were held until May 1, when a month's vacation was given for most of the children to 
return to their homes, and for the staff to have a short rest. The school reopened 
in June and was run continuously until Dec. 23, with the exception of three days' va- 
cation after the midyear examination. Our school covers the Government Primary 
School curriculum to the sixth standard. 

In June we were called upon to give up our kindergarten teaqher who, after several 
months of lingering illness, passed away. Manjulabai Kahanji will long live in the 
memory of her associate teachers and pupils because of her exemplary Christian life 
and her ability as a teacher. She was the best of teachers, having been trained in the 
Mahalaxshmi Government Normal School in Ahmedabad, and had an experience of 
ten years as a teacher. 

One head master, with six assistants and a drawing teacher, was on the staff during 
the year. Of these three besides the one lost by death were either fully or partially 

The government inspector visited the school twice during the year and gave ex- 
cellent suggestions for the benefit of teachers and pupils. A grant of Rs. 480 was 
given the school by government. This is the largest grant received for any single year 
since the school has been under government registration. 

The future glows with promise of a large number to swell the attendance in our 
school. As yet we have made no effort to get in the girls, but the number is constantly 
increasing. Our quarters have hitherto been so cramped that we have been barely 
able to accommodate 100. At the end of the year there are 120. But our new school 
building, made possible by our Aid Society women in America, is well on its way, and 
we hope to be nicely located in it before the monsoon season. The portion built this 
year contains a fine, large auditorium, four large classrooms, two offices and splendid, 
broad verandas. If the sisters only knew what a wonderful contribution they are 
making to our work I am sure their hearts would be full of praise for their work for 
the India girls. The Lord bless them! The wonderful transformation that comes 
over these girls after a few weeks with us is well worth the cost of maintaining them 
in our school. 


Annual Report 49 


Looking back over the past year, we realize that the Vyara Girls' School has grown 
and has been blessed. There has been a gradual increase in attendance until the 
eight rooms have been outgrown. It is with joy that we look forward to the day when 
we shall move into our new twelve-room building on the new compound. 

The health of the school has been good. One little girl died suddenly with dysen- 
tery, but this was the only case in the school. At the time when this child became ill 
we felt much concerned, for we did not want her to die in the school. Because of the 
superstitious ideas of the ignorant parents of these children, our Indian workers felt it 
would never do to allow a child to die on our hands, fearing that the parents would 
start tales harmful to our educational interests. So the life of this little girl was made 
a special matter of prayer, but she was taken. Then we asked that her death might 
not bring harm to our work, and that her mother might not blame the school. The 
child was buried before her mother could be informed. The next day, when the mother 
came and bore her grief quietly and returned to her home without a word of censure, 
we praised God that he had been near to help us. 

It would be a most interesting day for you if you could come to visit the Vyara 
school in person. Six o'clock in the morning the girls get up, fold their blankets and 
rugs and put them in place. Then they meet in the largest school room for morning 
prayers. After prayers there are many heads to be combed and faces to be washed. 
Each girl looks out for herself, unless she is a very little girl. The little girls have 
older girls to "mother" them. 

During thes.e early morning hours there are many things to be done, and the 
matron assigns the work. A half dozen girls will go to the big stone mills to grind 
the flour for the day. Another group goes to the cook house to prepare the porridge 
for breakfast. Others take picks and hoes and go to the garden. Some may study, 
others play, and some will sit on the veranda, sewing. You will be interested in 
knowing that the older girls make all the skirts and jackets worn by the seventy girls 
in the school. 

At 9:30 they eat their light breakfast of thin gruel made from rice. At ten o'clock 
school begins and lasts until four, with one hour of intermission during which time 
they eat their second meal. 

There are five classes in the school, and each class has its teacher. The children 
sit on the floor with their stack of books in front of them, and they study out loud. 
Their studies are much the same as in America, but the methods are very different. 
Over here a class of thirty little beginners is content to sit still for two hours, listening 
to the teacher and trying to repeat what he says. I do not know what a primary 
teacher in the United States would do with such a "good" class! 

In the evening, after school, the matron again assigns work to various groups of 
girls. During the last two months the girls have found much pleasure in walking the 
half-mile to their new school-building, both morning and evening, to do a lot of odd 
tasks in getting their new home ready for occupancy. 

An hour or so before supper the girls are free for play. When the supper-bell 
rings every girl runs to get her plate and cup, and they all sit down on a raised square 
in their front yard. Then the kettles of rice and "shock" (vegetable) and the baskets 
of bread are brought out and two girls serve the others who pass by in cafeteria style. 
When all are served a prayer is offered and the meal begins. 

Later in the evening all meet in the schoolroom for "night-school." Reading, 
writing, singing, working problems, spelling, all take place at once, each girl doing 
her task. aloud. 

At nine o'clock the prayer bell rings and all is quiet. After prayers each girl wraps 
herself up in her blanket and lies down to quiet dreams. 

Saturday is housecleaning day. Every floor must be freshly "limped" (plastered). 
and each girl must wash her clothes. Sunday finds every one nicely dressed, ready 
for Sunday-school and church. 

50 Annual Report 

This is the general picture of the Vyara girls' school life, but of course there are 
many incidents which continually come up to vary the days and break the monotony. 

Space will not allow us to tell how we fished one little girl out of the school well; 
how two girls refused to go home and live with their husbands ; how a dozen of the 
older. girls were out with our evangelistic workers during Christmas vacation, testify- 
ing by their lives and songs what education and Jesus Christ can do. 

We praise God for every girl in the school. Each girl is a testimony to the fact 
that a victory has been won. It is hard to persuade these parents to allow their girls 
to come to school. They see no use in educating a girl, " she'll just get married any- 
way," and besides, she is needed at home to herd the goats and care for the younger 

Pray for us, that, we may be able to reach hundreds of these little girls for Jesus 

Fourteen of our schoolgirls were baptized during the year. 


Twenty-seven girls have been enrolled in our Girls' Boarding School during the 
year. Two died during the dysentery epidemic. One has been sent. to our central 
boarding school at Dahanu. Six were removed by parents, and one ran away. Three 
of those removed continue in school. During the famine year many parents were 
unable to secure food for their children. Their condition since has so much improved 
that they desired to support their own children. We hope more Christian parents 
will learn to appreciate the value of education, to this extent, at least.. 

Two girls were taken away to a far village, where they are altogether removed 
from Christian influence. This we deeply regret, especially since one was among the 
most promising of our girls. But perhaps some of the good seed dropped into their 
hearts may spring up and grow. 

The girls do all their own cooking, clothes washing, and sewing. They show much 
improvement along these lines. They have also improved in school and developed 
religiously. Six were baptized. All but four are now members of the church. 

We need larger and better quarters for our girls, and we look forward to the cul- 
mination of our hope along this line. 


The year 1920 opened with twenty-two girls in the Vada Girls' Boarding School. 
During the year seven new girls were received, but owing to the work of the enemy, 
five girls were induced, to run away. We got only one of them back again. The year 
closed with twenty-four girls. 

During the year we had quite a bit of sickness, which took much of our time. We 
had been having the girls' school in the church, and as the number increased it was 
very hard to take care of them, as we did not have sufficient room to house them and 
no place for them to play. We had been trying to get a new piece of land, and had 
given surety money on a piece, but the enemy again got bus,y and the woman who had 
sold us the piece of land was compelled to recant. We were very much disappointed, 
but determined to do the best we could and keep on praying until we would get land. 
The girls also became earnest in prayer for this much-needed land. In January our 
prayers were answered, and the land was secured. While the enemy had been work- 
ing, God was working in our behalf and helped us to secure land which is much better 
for the school than the piece we first had in sight. Building was soon begun, and by 
July a school-building of eight rooms and another building of four rooms for teachers 
were in shape to move the school. So, in the midst of the rainy season, we moved out 
to the new compound. Some things had to be finished after we were here. A tem- 
porary building for servants also was built and a 'well dug. 

The girls are very happy, as they now have plenty of room for their school/ 1 and a 
large compound in which to romp and play. Sister Brown and I at present live in. one 

Annual Report 51 

end of the school-building. The foundation of the new bungalow is now being put in, 
but it will not be finished until next fall. 

The girls have a Christian Endeavor Society, which meets every Sunday after- 
noon at four o'clock. In this way they have from their own number a president, sec- 
retary, and treasurer. They make up their own programs. 

In this meeting they repeat verses and tell' Bible stories, opening and closing with 
singing and prayer. They conduct all meetings themselves. Their prayers are very 

We sometimes go out Sunday evenings among the people, and the girls are learn- 
ing to tell the gospel story to those who know it not. In December, Sister Sadie 
Miller was out and organized the Girls' Temperance Society. 

Gungie is one of the girls who came into the boarding school during the year. 
When she arrived she was very timid. She told how her aunt had given her a beating 
and turned her out. Her parents are dead. Her arm was still swollen from the beat- 
ing. We took her in, and as we watch her develop and turn from the sober, serious 
little creature she was, into a bright, happy, frolicking little girl, who loves to run 
and swing and dance, it makes us glad that we could have a part in bringing her to 
where she can have Christian teaching and training. 

Will not you who read this pray for her and all of the others who are in school? 

God has many whom he wants in school, and you can help by your prayers to 
bring them in. 


When I look at last year's report I realize how much we have really grown during 
the year. We began the year with fourteen girls. In all, fifteen new ones have been 
admitted during the year. Two of this number stayed only a short time. Their mother, 
having become dissatisfied, took them out and went back to her village. The other 
one, a little half-starved waif when she came, also stayed only a short time. But her 
folks did not take her out; the good Father took her home to be with himself. She 
died Jan. 4, being the first one of our number to be taken. Besides these, two of our 
original fourteen left during the year, so at the end of the first week of the new year 
we numbered twenty-five. 

Three more grades were added to the school during the year, so we now have 
five grades, besides the kindergarten. In July the deputy educational inspector visited 
the school for the purpose of registering it. He found things satisfactory and regis- 
tered the school. Most of the year we have had two teachers. One taught a couple 
of months the .first part of the year, but proved a failure. In November another came. 
She is a trained teacher and has had several years' experience. She is taking an 
interest in the school and doing fairly well. Sunderbai, our standby, has been 
teaching most of the year. She is very faithful and puts her whole life into the work. 
It was necessary for her to have a rest during November and December, so she was 
sent to the hills for a vacation. Her health is much improved now and she is at work 

3. Boys* Boarding Schools 


Besides the industrial and the educational work of the station under my care are 
two main divisions, namely, the boarding schools here and at Wankel, and the village 
schools. Both boarding schools are for boys and both have the full seven standards — 
the only schools in the mission which have the full work. 

In the Bulsar school formerly we had a kindergarten. Shortage of trained teach- 
ers caused us to give it up for some time, but lately it has been started again. In 
these two schools we have fifteen teachers most of the time. It is usually best to 
have a teacher for each standard, though we are not always able to find enough good 
teachers to have it so. Half of the teachers are trained. It is the hope of the mission 
that within a short time we will be able to supply trained teachers for all our schools. 

52 Annual Report 

In the hostel here there were ninety boys, while at Wankel there were sixty-] 
seven on the roll at the end of the year. In the day school there are 140 enrolled, 
while at the latter place are eighty. From this you see at Wankel there are veryj 
few people from the village, though it has a population of 1,100. This is partially due 
to the very backwardness of the people, and also to the negligence of the headman 
of the village. 

Recently the government inspector visited both schools and in the. main was well! 
pleased with the work. He noticed that the boys in our schools are more quiet and 
respectful than he finds in the other schools, where there are Hindus and Moham-j 

When we first established the Wankel Boarding School the boys who came to 
the boarding were very irregular. Leave was asked for frequently, and~ if it were 
not given they would run off. We are happy to report that conditions have greatly 
changed, and the attendance there is almost as regular as here. When we first started, 
the work there prejudices were such that we had to be most careful regarding the 
food for the boys, but now most of that difficulty has gone. 

It is interesting to know that during the last two years some of the same caste 
boys are here in the Bulsar Boarding, too, and the barriers that kept these village 
people away from us so long are now breaking down rapidly. The field is great with 
possibilities. In this and Jalalpor areas there are 250,000 of these people, and they are] 
coming to the Christ. Think of. the possibilities of the very near future! On Christ- 
mas day many of the parents and relatives attended the exercises at Wankel and most 
favorable impressions were made. Two boys from the shepherd caste entered th< 
school the forepart of the year, one being in the seventh standard, and a boy oi 
much promise. 

Bro. Lellu Kalidas, one of our first ministers, has general charge of the work al 
Wankel. The headmaster of the school is the product of our orphanage. 

Here at Bulsar the work of the hostel is practically all looked after by one wh< 
formerly was in our orphanage. Only severe case's of discipline came to me, and 
that very rarely. Savernbhai, the house master, is not well educated in books, but 
does splendidly in discipline and caring for the boys. He is liked by them, and h( 
certainly lifts much of the load from us. 


This school has had a successful year. At the present time 113 are attending the 
school, of whom eighty-five are residents in the boarding building. It should be 
stated that bringing these boys from villages has helped to lower the standard of the 
village school. In addition to literary work the pupils have practical training in gar- 
den, farm and carpenter shop. 


Our force of teachers was very weak again this year. Most of the year we had 
but one trained teacher. The result was that he tried to do double duty. We credit 
our teachers with doing their best. This is all we can dsk of them. The examiner, 
appointed by the state government, was well pleased with the grade of work we gel 
done. He spoke most feelingly to me, about as follows: "In talking to our teachei 
I point to your teachers as examples of what good teachers might do if they resolve 
to make good. Your teachers seem to take interest in the welfare of the children 
mine don't, but work only for what they make out of it," etc. The government board- 
ing-school teachers are far better trained than our men, yet we nearly always pass 
larger percentage than they do. Seventy-eight per cent of the boys passed up int( 
higher standards after this test. It is worth while to record that ten of our Vyan 
boys have gone to Bulsar for higher work. 

Among the boys we had little sickness and no deaths in the year. For this w< 
praise our God. By the end of the year our registered number had swollen to 11( 
and total present to 125, with the possibility of many more, if we had the means to feec 
and teach them. 

Annual Report 


Vyara Boys' Boarding School Building.. The Ground Floor 

house on Sundays 

[s Used as a Church- 


In the beginning of the year we had eighteen boys and at the close we had only 
fifteen. Our vacation months are April and May. At that time any of the children are 
allowed to go home, provided the parents or relatives send the needed money for fare. 
So at the close of school in April there were eight boys supplied with means to go 
home. In June when the time came for school to open not one boy of the eight 
came back — or, we probably should say, was allowed to come back. It has been the 
policy of the school to have the boys do all their own cooking, grinding, water carry- 
ing, etc. We have had very little other industrial work for them, and we felt it was 
best for each one to know how to prepare his own simple food. When the boys went 
home and told their folks that they had to do such work, objections were made and 
they were not allowed to return. To most Indians, work with the hands is a disgrace, 
and it is very hard for the Christian people to get over that idea. We are trying 
to teach them the dignity of labor, but it is a slow process. Because of circumstances 
one little boy was sent to Ahwa. In February, while two of our men were out in 
evangelistic work, they found two homeless boys and were granted the privilege of 
bringing them into our school. Their names were Gopal and Laxshuman. Gopal was 
four or five and his brother about seven. They showed signs of undernourishment, 
but were not as bad as some. Laxshuman became happy among the boys in a very 
short time, but little Gopal seemed peevish, and instead of picking up as we thought he 
should he began to fail. Then he had dysentery and his little body was too weak to 
overcome it. We did all we could for him, but in June he died. Laxshuman is learning 
in school and is quite happy and well. 

The patel, or chief man of the village where one of our masters is located, found 
a little boy not more than four years old wandering about begging. No trace of 
relatives was found, so the man was going to send him to some government institution. 
Our master asked that the child be given to us. Five men were called and they signed 
a paper to the effect that he should be given into our care. The master brought him to 
us, and although very young, for lack of a better place it was necessary to put him 
with the boys. And now he has become quite a pet among them. 


The school has continued during the year, with an enrollment of about twenty. 
Much of the time there was only one man connected with the school and he was kept 
so busy teaching and supplying the boys' needs in other ways that he could not give 
sufficient time to finding other boys for the school. The majority of the boys are 
orphans. For the most part they have done well in their studies. Seven of them 

54 Annual Report 

were baptized during the year. Of these we hope to train leaders who wiH win those 
of their own people to Christ. 


The number of boys in the boarding has varied much during the year. A few 
came in; a few ran away; several died. Two boys, relatives of the king of this part 
of the Dangs, were brought in from a village some distance away. They are doing 
fairly good work in school. Two boys and a girl, children of robbers, were given into 
our care by the authorities. The girl was baptized the last day of the year. 

We had two epidemics of dysentery, which made havoc, especially the first one 
in April and May. Many children died. With our unsanitary quarters and surroundr 
ings, this disease is hard to control. One's heart bleeds, but we are helpless. We long 
for more room for our boys and girls. 

4. Industrial Education 


For many years Vali has been known as the place where industrial work has been 
stressed. One hundred and sixty acres of land are under cultivation. Most of this 
is occupied by Christian farmers. A few years ago about twenty acres were taken 
for the boarding school. The heavier work is done by hired labor, but much of the 
lighter farm work is done by the boys. About two acres are in garden truck. This 
has to be irrigated by water from the wells. It is hoped that the garden may be in- 
creased by another year. Poor seed and limited water supply hindered the work this 
year. The carpenter shop gives training to two classes of boys who work alternately 
for two-week periods in shop and garden. A new schedule will be introduced during 
1321, whereby the larger boys will spend half their time in school and half in industrial 


Here at Bulsar we have carpentry, tailoring, and gardening. We also do some iron 
work and hope to better organize this phase of the work soon. I also hope that soon 
such arrangement can be made that the building and other interests of the mission 
may not so greatly hinder and overshadow the industrial. Bulsar has become a sort 
of clearing house for the mission, and too often the boys must be taken from their 
regular industrial work to help with sending out supplies, and also the foremen are 
compelled to leave the boys to look after these other duties. There is perhaps need 
for organizing a supplies department, with regularly-appointed men to look after it. 
As yet we have not been able to introduce the building of cart wheels and carts, and 
in view of village conditions this should be made 'one of the main departments of our 
carpentry work. 

The new plan that has been proposed will tend to better organization of both the 
literary and the industrial work, and will require fewer teachers and less equipment 
and room. Now too many come to the industrial at one time — more than the foremen 
can handle well. Under the new system half the pupils will be in vocational work in 
the forenoon and then in school in the afternoon, and vice versa. 

The tailoring department needs a more competent head tailor, but Christian men 
suitable for this work are hard to find. There is considerable demand throughout the 
mission for plain cloth garments for the children in the boardings, and the making of 
these constitutes much of the work in this department. 

Aside from the actual work in the garden, the boys should have laboratory and 
class work, but until some one is trained for this work, or some missionary has time 
for it, we will have to continue as we are. 


The boarding-school boys who are learning to sew are progressing nicely. They 

Annual Report 55 

have made pants and coats for the different hoys' hoarding schools throughout the 

They now make all the buttons needed for their suits, out of old cloth and thread. 

We bought the second sewing machine this year. Several of the boys can use the 
machine quite nicely, but we hope they will soon learn to do so without breaking 
so many needles. 

5. Training Department 


Not all those from whom we have a right to expect most really turn out the best. 
The better educated appeal to us often far more than the illiterate. We have to weep 
all the more over their failure, especially when they go down morally. These young 
people have their "temptations, and they deserve our hearty sympathy and prayers, 
not only that they may be kept from the evil, but that they may be able to appreciate 
well what is being given to them of opportunity, because of the generosity of friends 
across the seas. 

This class of students is growing rapidly in numbers, and it is well that it is so. 
Hereby we are raising up a competent corps of trained teachers, and competent work- 
ers in other lines. At present we do not have sufficient trained teachers, by any 
means, for our boarding schools, not to mention the increasing need for such teachers 
in the village schools. In fact, it is up to the mission to have better village schools, 
or else retreat before the government, which is doing better in some localities than we. 
In an instance or two where our village schools have trained teachers the results are 
very marked. Efficiency counts, the world over. I am glad to report that our mis- 
sionaries are a unit in this great effort to raise up more efficient* workmen in all lines 
of endeavor, for it is the Indian workman who, after all, is our stay, the one on whom 
we must rely for the details of the work. 

Our scholarship boys and girls are scattered far and wide in Christian institutions. 
Two are in an arts college, one in an agricultural college, two in medical colleges, a 
small number in high school (English), seventeen in training colleges (methods 
school), and some thirty odd others are in Anglo-Vernacular schools. It may not be 
out of place to say that the writer feels this a most important phase of our work. 
Given a host well equipped mentally and consecrated spiritually and we will have 
"showers of blessing" in the future work of the church in any land. 


In the Bulsar school the seventh standard has a record attendance of eighteen. 
Four boys go to the town Anglo-Vernacular School and three to the high school. 
Two are in Wilson College, Bombay, and one in Mission Agricultural Institute, Alla- 
habad, besides those in normal at Ahmedabad. 


This year one girl from the sixth standard entered the normal department for 
teachers' training, and five entered the secondary school— Anglo-Vernacular— to begin 
English. These five were under age for the normal department; so they have been 
put under secondary school instruction, (1) to tide over the time until they are of 
proper age to enter the other department, and (2) to select possible candidates for 
nurses' training who need to have English work. One girl was in first year teachers' 
training and passed successfully into the second year. Another one, who was on 
the teaching staff and who had one year's training, accompanied this one to the second 
year's work. The influenza epidemic early in the year claimed two of our most prom- 
ising young women. One had just completed the second year normal training, and the 
other the first year. 

56 Annual Report 


Among other plans for the extension and advancement of our India mission work 
during the past year, education was given a large place. For the accommodation of 
the Gujarati section of our field, our station, Anklesvar, will become the center, for 
both the more advanced pupils among the girls and for the combined normal training, 
mechanical arts, Bible and agricultural school. For the latter about 120 acres of good 
agricultural land have been purchased and the necessary buildings will be erected as 
they are needed. Our present compound with all its buildings and equipment is to be 
devoted to the Girls' School and the women's work. Accommodations for our evan- 
gelistic force are being provided on a new compound about one-fourth mile from 
the present one. 

We are ever thankful for the moral and financial support we. are receiving from 
home. To carry out our plans above stated we shall still require such support. But 
above all else, pray that we may have the wisdom to use and develop our resources 
aright; for, after all, God depends more on his workers to accomplish his work than 
on material means. 

VALI, EDUCATION.— Q. A. Holsopple 

During the first ten days of December the teachers from the villages, as well as 
those in Vali, together with other mission workers here, had the advantage of an in- 
stitute. Bro. E. H. Eby was present throughout the time and conducted two classes 
daily. One was based on the character of Jesus, and the other presented simple Bible 
doctrines. Visram P. Issucharan (an I. P. Christian from Surat) gave some spiritual 
talks each day. He also conducted meetings with the boys, and was a great help to 
them in their spiritual life. Other instruction along lines of teacher training were 
given by the headmaster and the writer. 


The year 1920 was one of hard work and consequent blessing in the Bible School. 
In the middle of the year several students left to enter other lines of education. Since 
then the enrollment is stationary. Sickness hindered at times, but on the whole the 
daily attendance is very regular. 

Advancement in grasp of Bible truth and in the development of Christian char- 
acter is evident in at least a number of the class. The work is carried on in two 
standards to accommodate the different capacities of the students. Three teachers 
are employed and six classes a day are scheduled. 

Besides the strictly biblical teaching, instruction has been given in first aid, 
hygiene, gardening, and carpentering. The aim is to develop men with a vision for 
community service. They are supposed to conduct Sunday-schools as well as day- 
schools, to help the people in time of sickness, to suggest better methods of farming, 
and gardening and house building, as well as to preach the Gospel. We look to them 
to plant the kingdom of heaven in its social as well as its individual aspects in the 
villages and towns of India. They will become pastors of Christian groups, and lead- 
ers of the social and educational as well as the religious life of the villagers. This 
ideal is held continually before them. They know the difficulties better than we do, 
but they are getting the vision, and by God's grace they will undertake the God- 
given task. 

Before Christmas the Bible students spent ten days out in the district, doing 
practical work in evangelism and temperance propaganda. Large audiences and sus- 
tained interest characterized the work throughout. The Bible School has started a 
Sunday-school among the railway people near by. Trips to the surrounding villages 
were made during part of the year. 

Annual Report 57 

IV. Building Work 


We have been trying to rat-proof the bungalow, but have found it hard to do. The 
rats dig out the soft brick and mortar. The new bungalow will be of stone. We want 
it rat-proof. There are always many rats here, and some years they are very destruc- 
tive. This year they have been bad. They destroy our books, clothing, grain, fruit 
and vegetables in the garden. 

Much of our energy has gone to get material ready for the new bungalow. It's 
uphill work, too, especially the hauling of lime twenty-nine miles and the hauling of 
tile twenty-four. It is trying to the missionaries and so expensive! 

VADA, BUILDING.— H. B. and Kathryn B. Garner 

The repair of the bungalow as was reported "in progress" at the close of last 
year was continued and completed during the year. At the same time we built a 
garage for our "Henry." But before either of these was completed we succeeded in 
getting six and three-fourths acres of land for a new compound for the girls' school. 
Before the deed was executed we had wired for Bro. Ross, chairman of the building 
committee, to come and help us to lay off the plot and plan for a building to be erected 
before the rains. We then planned for a school-building 105x32 feet, and a second 
one to be used by teachers and workers, 53x32. These, with stable, quarters for ox 
driver, woodhouse, well, road and grading and fencing kept us quite busy. By the 
time the first rains came the large building was under roof, but the small one suffered 
some damage from rains. It was in July when Sisters Powell and Brown, with the 
girls and workers, went to live in these new quarters. These buildings, with the 
bungalow, garage, etc., were not completed until near the close of the rains. 

VALI, BUILDING WORK.— Q. A. Holsopple 

Bro. Arnold handed over a number of building projects when he transferred his 
work to the writer. The boarding-school building was completed, making additional 
room for dormitory, storeroom and quarters for the housemaster. The well, so tragi- 
cally interrupted by the rainy season of 1919, was walled up, the materials which had 
fallen in were removed, the arrangements for drawing water by bullocks erected, and 
two storage tanks for water made. A bathing place and laundry for the boys were 
also completed. This was a dry season, but the well thus far has provided sufficient 
water to keep a garden of nearly two acres supplied with water. By deepening the 
center of the well, and given a normal rainfall, the garden may be considerably ex- 
tended next year. At Umalla the bungalow w r as completed, and two new buildings 
were erected. One is used for a dispensary, and one for a baby home. These are 
well built of brick, with English tile roof. They are each about sixty by twenty-five 
feet in size. 

In the villages two houses were erected of poles and bamboos. One has a tile 
roof, accommodates teacher and a meeting place, and cost Rs. 820. The other has a 
grass roof and is somewhat smaller, and cost about Rs. 200. Some free labor was 
given in each case. The local teacher oversaw the work. Other village houses were 


The one work that might be called mine is the making of several thousand cement 
blocks preparatory to erecting new buildings. The price of bricks had soared and 
sufficient quantities could not be had; hence the venture in cement blocks. The 
factory is still running, making about one hundred blocks a day, and next year's report 
may be able to tell of the success or failure of such building in this country. 


It has fallen to me to be responsible in a large measure for all the building 
operations in the mission. At many places hardware and lumber are almost unob- 

58 Annual Report 

tamable, so it has been necessary for me to supply much building material from here, 
as this is one of the best places in. Western India for building lumber. Plotting of 
building sites, letting of contracts, giving instructions regarding the building oper- 
ations — all of this takes much of my time. Last year we had building work going on 
simultaneously at six of our stations. The local missionaries must look after the de- 
tails, or many of them,, and the handling of the finance. Nearly all the work was done 
by our own Christian men by contract. Our heaviest work was at Vyara last year, 
while this year it is at Anklesvar and Palghar. There being no missionary at Palghar 
I must look after the details myself. 

V. Medical: Health Conditions 

BULSAR, MEDICAL.— Barbara M. Nickey, M. D. 

It was thought best for me to come to Bulsar, in order to be better able to care 
for the medical work of the mission during Drs. Cottrells' absence, as there is no 
hospital for Indian patients nor for missionaries at Dahanu. 

The change in location necessitated the study and use of another language, 
Gujarati. At Dahanu we use the Marathi language, as it is the government language 
there. However, I am very glad for the opportunity of studying Gujarati, as the 
majority of our woman patients at Dahanu were Gujarati and we have been at a great 
disadvantage in not being able to talk to them in their own language. 

I came to Bulsar about the middle of February so as to have a few weeks for 
language study before Drs. Cottrell should go home. We took up the medical work 
here about April 1 and have continued some language study along with the work 
most of the time. 

We have been fortunate this year in not having any severe epidemics. There 
was a light influenza epidemic the early part of the year. ' 

The absence of an American man doctor has resulted in considerable decrease 
of men patients. Dr. Raghuel, our Indian assistant, who was trained in the Miraj 
Medical School, has rendered valuable assistance in caring for the men patients, and 
in other phases of the work. 

We have had one or another of our missionaries as patients in the bungalow 
much of the time. We are glad to have a suitable place to care for them when they 
are sick. 

It has been necessary to refuse sbme calls to see patients out in the homes, be- 
cause of lack of time and strength to attend to them. We have made calls to see 
patient? at nearly all our mission stations. At such a time a goodly number take the 
opportunity to see the doctor. On one such trip I saw and prescribed for fifty-five 

We have set aside one room of the hospital lines as a chapel in which we have 
Sunday services for the patients. Students of the Bible school, or some member of 
the medical staff, have been conducting these services. They seem to be much appre- 
ciated by the patients. The Bible students also visit them in their rooms and give 
them Christian literature to read. We feel keenly the need of some well-qualified 
person to give his whole time to the evangelistic work in the dispensary and 

UMALLA, MEDICAL.— Ida Himmelsbaugh 

The dispensary is coming along slowly. The people do not seem .ready for medi- 
cine as they were at Anklesvar. There is a great difference between the Potedar 
people and the Mohammedans. The Mohammedans do not keep caste, but the 
Potedars do, and high caste, too. The highest number here in a day has not exceeded 
fifty, as against 150 in Anklesvar. I have had some very- interesting cases among 
them, a dear old grandmother who is going blind and will soon be an invalid because, 
she thinks, if she drinks medicine she will become defiled. This class of people seem 
to take better care of their old people than most of them do. 

Annual Report 59 

VALI, MEDICAL.— Q. A. Holsopple 

Health conditions for the most part were fair. No deaths of adult Christians in 
the village of Vali, and only two in the state. Two children in the village died. The 
boarding children were afflicted with skin disease, fevers and colds, but fortunately 
no one died. 

AHWA, MEDICAL.— Adam Ebey 

There has been more medical work than last year. A government dispensary is 
near by, and we do not want to do much medical work, since we' are overworked as 
it is. But people want "good" medicine, so they keep coming. We do not have the 
time to make it a success. Without effort on our part we have had some 5,700 dis- 
pensary calls. 

The general health of the Christian community has been good. 


We do praise God for the splendid health of our girls, and, for the greater part, 
for the health of all on the compound. One little girl died during the past year, but 
not while with us. While contagious diseases were about us, we always felt safe in 
God's keeping. Surely we have abundant reason to sing praises to our God! 


The care of the sick ones in our Christian community is at times no light task. 
However, last year we had no serious epidemic, and with the exception of malaria 
and whooping cough all have kept reasonably well. 


The beginning of 1920 found the Holsopple family at Dahanu, where Frances 
was convalescing from an illness resembling"typhoid fever. She contracted this 
disease during the last ten days of sea voyage, and was in rather a serious condition 
when we landed, Dec. 13. Good medical care and nursing, aided by her good constitu- 
tion and the Father's care, brought her through well. During August and September 
Juanita suffered with a bad attack of sore eyes. Her father contracted the same 
disease, and for several months was kept from his work. At present both pairs of 
eyes are in normal condition. Aside from colds and some malaria we have been 
favored with fair health. In addition to giving Frances her daily lesson, Mrs. Hol- 
sopple was able to take Gujarati lessons with a pundit at Bulsar for nearly three 


It was a great disappointment to be practically confined to the compound, by ill 
health, for several months previous to the rainy season, especially since it came so 
soon after our return from furlough. However, a few weeks in the Himalayas of 
North India was sufficient to restore strength and health for the months which have 

VI. Social Welfare 

1 . Infant Welfare 

UMALLA, BABY HOME.— Ida tiimmelsbaugh 

Another year has gone. How swiftly time flies and we can see so little that has 
been accomplished ! Jesus knows the storms that oppose and he will take care of 
the results. So, knowing this, we press on into a new year, with a prayer in our 
heart that he will keep us true to him, and allow us to make a better witness for him 
this year than we did in the past. 

We came here last February to a new, unfinished place, with all the problems 
that come along with such a move. Oh, how many mistakes we have made; how many 

60 Annual Report 

times it seemed as though we could not hold out any longer against the powers that 
came to bear on us! But through it all God has given us strength, and we only feel 
to praise him for his goodness. Much of our time has been spent in manual labor. 
We have used the hammer, saw and ax many times, as well as medicine and the 
Book. When we came here the dispensary and baby home were just in the beginning. 
How we hoped that at least the baby home might be ready for occupancy before the 
rains, but such was not the case, for the Indian man does not work fast. We were 
told all kinds of stories about how the place where the babies were would be flooded 
when the rains came. Finally the rains came and along with them the floods, but 
by putting on boots and wading to the place where the water was dammed back we 
were able to open a way and our babies did not suffer from wafer. Ants seemed a 
far more formidable foe. Suddenly in the night they would come by thousands and 
attack the little ones, so that for a while we had a rather serious time. However, 
that trouble, too, passed away, and in the latter part of the rains we moved into the 
new building. Now we have put in hard mud floors and we feel as though we had 
accomplished something in that line. There have been only two deaths among my 
little ones in the past year, and it seems like a wonderful contrast to the preceding 
year when so many went. Oh, how different when the little ones respond to treat- 
ment! They are now a healthy, happy bunch, and I wish you could see them at our 
morning prayers. 

INFANT WELFARE.— K. R. Holsopple 

Infant welfare is a new line of work opened up in our mission this year. In the 
spring a very fine exhibit was held at Delhi and also one in Bombay. Unfortunately 
we had no representatives at either of these. However, we are beginning, in a small 
way, to start this much-needed work in our territory. Considerable corresponding 
and gathering of literature, posters, etc., has been done, and with the coming year 
we hope to make some real progress. An exhibit 'is planned for the coming District 
Meeting to be held here. One is compelled to go rather slowly on account of the 
customs and prejudices of the people. 

BULSAR, INFANT WELFARE.— Barbara M. Nickey, M. D. 

Sister Ross has been conducting meetings for the Christian women on hygiene, 
infant welfare and home making. It has been my privilege to talk in these meetings 
several times on the care of children. During Christmas week our Infant Welfare 
Committee gave a program and exhibit of some simple but practical means of im- 
provement of the care of mothers and children. The church was filled with adults, 
and all seemed to appreciate it very much. 

2. Temperance 
BULSAR, REPORT.— A. T. Hoffert 

During the past year half of my time has been given to directing the temper- 
ance activity of the mission. As treasurer and bookkeeper for the Bulsar Station, 
which has an average weekly expenditure of over one thousand dollars during the 
building season, I have been able to free the older missionaries of this station from 
considerable bookkeeping work. The year has been a most busy one, and by the 
blessings of God, our efforts in the temperance cause have been fruitful beyond 

Temperance Literature. The primary effort of our temperance department during 
the past year was to secure a supply of literature in Gujarati. There is a scarcity of 
Christian literature along all lines in Gujarati; especially is this true in regard to 
temperance literature. As usual the May issue of Prakash Patra was devoted to 
temperance, and 4,000 copies were printed. Besides this, a tract on tobacco and a 
tract and three leaflets on temperance were issued. A total of 22,000 pieces of 
temperance literature, over 250,000 pages uf Gujarati, also 8,000 temperance pledges 

Annual Report 61 

were provided. Other missions besides our own used several thousand copies of this 
literature. The Methodist Mission at Baroda ordered their workers to read the 
temperance number of the Prakash Patra to their village Christians. Twenty- 
eight charts, ten of which are on sanitation and the balance on temperance, have been 
prepared in Gujarati, sixteen of which also have Marathi lettering on them. These 
are used for exhibits in connection with the District Meetings, and the charts show- 
ing the evil effects of alcohol on the offspring are explained with marked effect at 
temperance meetings. Pictures are being taken of these, and slides will be made for 
illustrated lectures. 

During the year six temperance articles were written and printed in various 
English publications in India. The first of these, on " National Efficiency and Tem- 
perance Reform," which appeared in the Indian Social Reformer, has been printed 
as a leaflet by our mission at the request of Mrs. F. B. Price, national president of 
the W. C. T. U. Two editions, or a total of 8,000 copies, were printed last year. At 
the request of the editor, a temperance article on "Race Building" was written for 
the Parsi New Year number of Sanj Vartaman (Evening News), a Gujarati daily of 
wide influence in Bombay Presidency. The editor not only gave us reprints of this 
article as a tract at actual cost of paper, but the first thousand of the 5,000 reprints 
secured were furnished free. These two leaflets are being translated and printed in 
Gujarati and Marathi, and the W. C. T. U. has agreed to translate and print the 
National Efficiency leaflet in Urdu and Hindi. In this way the influence of our tem- 
perance work has extended far beyond our borders. With both English and Gujarati 
this makes a total of 38,000 pieces, or over 400,000 pages of temperance literature 
printed at expense of the mission. Rupees 85 were contributed by the Gujarati churches 
and used for publicity work. A Social Welfare Committee, to promote temper- 
ance, purity, infant welfare and visualized education, has been appointed by the Field 
Committee. Pastor Govindji Khengar has prepared purity talks for boys, and Sister 
Eliza B. Miller has prepared purity talks for girls. These talks will be published as 

Besides the above, reports of temperance happenings appeared from time to time 
in the Prakash Patra and various English papers in India. One of our great needs 
is a library stocked with the best literature available on alcohol, tobacco, and social 
purity questions and the best periodicals along these lines. • 

Temperance Activity and Organization. Last May was the first time our mission 
workers gave a week or more of special effort to promote the temperance cause. 
This was suggested by the District Temperance Committee as a part of their For- 
ward Movement program. At that time sixteen groups, consisting of 121 workers, 
visited sixty-six villages and held ninety-eight meetings. They spoke to over 4,700 
people, sold 1,640 pieces of temperance literature and ^distributed about 900 pieces 
free; also secured 741 pledges of those who resolved to quit drink. The work of 
dramatizing Daniel, etc., by Vyara boarding boys, was continued after the rains, and 
at the request of Dr. H. R. Scott, of the Mission Press, their program was given in 
Surat. Sister Sadie Miller organized the temperance work among the boys and girls 
in most of our boarding schools, and is securing material in Gujarati that can be 
used among our children. Splendid interest and cooperation on the part of the mis- 
sionaries and Indian workers at all our stations has put our mission among the fore- 
most in India, so far as aggressive temperance work is concerned. 

During the fall representatives from the mission at Bulsar took part in a number 
of large temperance meetings in various parts of the county, and at two places the 
missionaries helped the people to get their complaints before government. The 
opposition of the liquor shopkeepers, who used improper methods to oppose the 
people or their leaders in their effort to give up drink, was the cause of their coming 
t<> the mission for help. • 

I lir Bible School students spenl (en days in Chjkli County prior to Christmas 
and did splendid work fur temperance. Bro. E. H. Eby was, with them in the work 

62 Annual Report 

for six days, after which the writer took his place. Part of the time Bro. Forney was 
with us, as Chikli properly comes under the supervision of the Jalalpor missionary. 
Hence the eight temperance organizations in the villages and at Chikli during the 
campaign are credited in the statistical report to Jalalpor rather than Bulsar. The 
charts were used with good effect in explaining to the people the evil effects of drink. 
A total of about 1,400 people were present at the nine different meetings held, and 225 
signed the temperance pledge. For making friends with the people and opening 
the way for more direct evangelistic effort, temperance work is well worth while. 


Through the kindness and help of Sister Sadie Miller, we organized the Loyal 
Temperance Legion for our boys and girls here. Sister Replogle has been taking this 
part of the work here and is having good success, for which we praise God. We 
have had several temperance programs, also, to help get the work of temperance on 
a better footing. We had the pleasure of having the "Temperance Farce" boys of 
the Vyara Boarding School under the direction of Sister Sadie Miller. This proved 
to be most helpful. 


Our chief enemies, it seems to me, are liquor and indifference. In the special 
effort to create temperance sentiment our workers did excellent work, we think, 
having persuaded some hundreds, mostly young people, to sign the pledge. Besides, 
many other hundreds saw enacted before their eyes the ruin wrought by liquor, and 
longed to be able to leave off drinking. We never cease this effort, for liquor has a 
strong hold on our people. 


The near-by liquor shop was closed the middle of the year. This has cut down 
the number of brawls in the village. Efforts have been made by the excise depart- 
ment to reopen it, but so far it is closed. People who want liquor must go some 
twenty miles for it. 

Our soda water factory has done good service, for many a man came to get a bottle 
or two rather than go so far for liquor. We have gotten it to a place where it is 
about self-paying. Most of the officials are opposed to the liquor traffic, but the 
Dangi people, especially the Bhils, do not like to remain where they cannot get a 
" drink " when they want it. 

VII. Homes 

1 . Widows' Home 

BULSAR.— Flora M. Ross 

At the beginning of the year there were eight women and eleven children in the 
Widows' Home. During the year two women have been married, and two children 
and one woman have died. 

The Widows' Home has been running on the new system for about a year. That 
is, each one of the able-bodied women is given an allowance of four rupees, or $1.30 
per month, and is expected to work for what more she needs. Each child gets four 
rupees per month when with its mother in the home. I find the women are quite 
happy on this plan. Before the time mentioned we had been giving them food 
clothing, etc.; now they are at liberty to select, manage, and buy their own supplies 

At Christmas time I gave each a nice red woolen blanket. They appreciated this 
very much. 

One woman has been blind for a number of years. She can read and write by 
the blind system. She also knits some plain things. 

Ravabai, the widow of our minister of Raj Pipla State,, was with us, but near the 
close of the year she went to assist in caring for the girls in the boarding school at 

Annual Report 63 

Ravabai is not well educated, but she certainly is a good woman. She has such 
simple, childlike faith and much good common sense. For several months she had 
been assisting Dr. Nickey in dispensary treatments, and it was surprising how quickly 
she learned. This training will make her more helpful in the boarding school. 

Several children have gone from the home into the boarding schools, so we 
have left only five women and four children. In addition to this, one woman and 
her children are under the protection of the home while the husband and father is 
away in training college. 

2. Homes for Missionaries' Children 


The work of making a home for our missionaries' children of school age, at 
Landour, Mussoorie, was assigned to me. Upon my arrival in India in March, 1920, 
I was informed of this change and at once proceeded to arrange all affairs according- 
ly. I had been appointed to do evangelistic work in Raj Pipla State, but this was 
changed in view of the fact that there was need of help for the children. 

The year spent in the home was a very pleasant and happy one for all of us. 
Most of the time there were twelve of us, nine girls, two boys and myself. The 
work was altogether new to me, but with the kind helpfulness of the parents and 
well-behaved children, the work was only pleasant throughout the year. 

The school, Woodstock, is not far from our home, but is reached by a rather steep 
road. All the children, however, have been able to stand the climb and kept splendid 
health through the year. Keeping up the home, looking after the food, clothing, and 
all that goes with " home keeping," gave me plenty to do. 

There'are many touching incidents in connection with seeing these children sepa- 
rated nearly one thousand miles from their parents, nine months of the year. I 
recall seeing a mother taking her children to the train, as they were to be off for 
these nine months. If only they keep well, she thinks, while they are away from 
home! For days she feels the loneliness, but she is also compensated because in due 
time the letters begin to come from the children. 

They have many happy times, tell all about their play, work, school, birthdays, 
picnics, etc. The parents see improvement in their composition and script. They 
learn that their children stand at the head of their classes, are getting on well in 
school, and so the year passes. 


Coeducation is not common in India, so we find it very difficult to patronize two 
schools from one home. Distance lends no enchantment to the situation, and when 
a contagious disease becomes prevalent in one school the doors of the other school 
are closed to the boy or girl who comes in contact with the disease. Last year, when 
we had both boys and girls in the same home, we were visited by chickenpox, 
measles and mumps. This year we had no contagious diseases, and when such a 
disease was known to be anywhere in the vicinity we were in position to cooperate 
with the school in avoiding it. 

The boys in our mission being few in number, some boys of other missions were 
admitted into our home for arithmetical reasons; to add to the frolic and shouts of 
boyish nature and to diminish expense. 

During the year ten boys made their home with us at " Brae House," where 
they partook of some activity that helps a boy to be useful. Besides their games 
of hockey, football, badminton, hide-and-seek and other games as common to you, they 
busied themselves with trades, which helped greatly to work off the surplus energies 
of boy life. 

Gathering collections of butterflies and beetles, painting photographs and land- 
scapes of the hills, of which Naini Tal affords so many, drawing and photography, 
barbering and laundry-work are a few of the occupations that help any boy feel 

64 Annual Report 

good, make him grow rugged and happy, bring a smile to father's face, and give him 
a loving embrace in mother's arms when they all meet on the plains for a three 
months' vacation. Besides their regular class work six days in a week, they attend 
a morning service each Sunday at the college, where a sermon especially adapted to 
boys is given. The larger boys attend a service in the missiqn church each Sunday 
evening, while the smaller boys have a junior meeting at home. One of our boys 
took the junior Cambridge examination in December, and two of them are now ready 
for the senior Cambridge work. We thank you, every one, for your deep interest in 
the education of our children. We need your cooperation in prayer for every junior 
missionary of India, that he may be prepared for a life of service for Jesus Christ. 

VIII. New Missionaries' Corner 

1 . Bulsar 

The acquisition of the language is the first duty of a new missionary. This has 
been accomplished in the past against heavy odds, and not all succeeded. Language 
schools have come to help in gaining a working knowledge of the language. These 
usually are, and should always be, union schools in which all the missions of a 
language area take part. The Gujarat missions have not yet come to the point of co- 
operation in this work. So, in view of the large number of new missionaries coming 
to our field the early part of the year, we undertook to run a school of language in 
our own mission. A teacher was trained in the direct method for the Gujarati work, 
while our Mahrati students were sent to the Mahrati school already in operation. 

Two language students passed the Gujarati examination in November. All are 
pleased with the direct method, though much remains to be done to make it efficient. 

2. Sample Reports 


The first year that I spent in India has been a very pleasant one, notwithstanding 
the fact that I moved four times and had eleven different language teachers. 

I have heard the remark from several of our missionaries that the first year is 
the hardest for the new worker. Perhaps that is true in some respects, because 
learning a new language, is not an easy task and to adapt one's self to conditions in 
a foreign country is not always so pleasant either. But, on the other hand, the new 
worker has few responsibilities; he is rather dependent, and does not need to con- 
cern himself much in reference to some of the hard problems which come to the 
older workers. 

( To me the study of the language, with a few exceptions, has been a real pleasure. 
One must become accustomed to the Indian teachers. They are, in some respects, 
different from the American teachers. They have not been trained to teach 
missionaries, so usually the student must first teach the teacher how to teach and 
then he can teach the student. This has been true, especially, since the direct method 
is used. Those of us who have come out during the last year have had the advantage 
of being taught by the direct method, but our first teacher was partially trained 
before he began to teach us. 

Now that the first year is past and we can begin to do a little work we are 
praying that it may not be long until we can bear more of the burden of the work 
which rests so heavily upon those who have labored so faithfully in the past years. 

DAHANU, "GROWING UP" IN INDIA.— Bertha L. Butterbaugh 

Dear reader, have you ever wished you might be a child again, and live over 
those days of innocent bliss, looking out over the unexplored future? In a very real 
sense one may have his childhood experiences repeated if he takes up his abode in a 
foreign land, for it is much like beginning life over again. He must commence at 

Annual Report 


the bottom of the whole educational and social system and climb up by degrees if 
he would fit himself into his environment. 

During the first year one feels quite helpless — a mere infant, observing the 
acts of others and listening with eager ears, that he may catch the sounds and thus 
imitate the speech of others about him. If one is good at making gestures he can 
usually make himself understood. Just as the child laughs when it is pleased and 
cries when it is displeased, so must the newly-arrived foreigner express his likes and 
dislikes by smiles and frowns. 

From the very first one has to talk or gester some way to make himself under- 
stood. We have the dobie (washerman) and the dersie (tailor) to deal with. They 
are the missionaries' necessary friends. And sometimes it takes all the love one has 
to be patient with their slowness and so-called good work. Many times they do good 
work for one, but not always. These people are another race. Their standards are 
different from ours, so it is difficult sometimes to understand their viewpoint. 

Most missionary mothers have an ayah (child caretaker), who helps them take 
care of their children while they are in language study or on other duties. I have 
had one from the first, and a valuable help she is to me. She is a trustworthy Chris- 
tian woman. To a certain extent she has been a help to me in acquiring the language. 
It's hard for us mothers sometimes to know just where to draw the line in devoting 
our time to our families and language. But I feel the Lord gave my precious children 
to me for a purpose, and they shall have my best. 

From left to right: Kathryn Ziegler, Anna Z- Plough, Kathryn B. Garner 

66 Annual Report 

I. Station?: Their Equipment and Force of Workers 

First District— Gujarati 

Second Dist. — Marathi 

Date of opening 

Staff— American, 


Staff — American, 


Staff— Ind., men, 

Staff— Ind., worn. 

Churchhouses ; 



Land area, acres, 

Land under culti 

vation, acres, ... 

Value of land ($), 

Value of equip., 

build'gs, etc., ($), 

Evang'sts — men, 

Evang'sts— Bible 


Villages occup'd, 
Villages to be 


Population to be 


No. fam. in homes 
owned^ by miss., 
Christian fam. in 
homes of own, . . 

II. The Indian Church Statistics for 1920 

1. Name of Districts, First Dist. — Gujarati Second Dist. — Marath 

2. Name of stations, 



3. No. organized churches 

4. Members January 1, 1920, 

5. No. baptized 

6. Received by letter, 

7. Dismissed by letter, 

8. Died 

9. Disowned, 

10. Reinstated, 

11. Elders, 

12. Ministers — Indian, 

13." Ministers— American, 

14. Deacons, 

15. Council meetings, 

16. Love feasts, , 

17. No. who communed at last love feast, , 

18. Places of regular meeting 

19. Places where two or more Sun. services are held, 

20. Places of daily prayers, 

21. Members December 31, 1920, 

22. Adherents 

23. Villages with Christians 

24. Contributions (not stated elsewhere), 












$133 $261 p3 






















































I 9 







































Annual Report 


III. Indian Sunday-school Statistics for 1920 

I. Name of District, 

2. Stations, 

First Dist.— Gujarati Second Dist. — Marathi 


Organized Sunday-schools 

Total No. Sunday-schools, 

No. open all year, '. 

No. of teachers, 

No. that kept a record 

No. that took weekly offering, 

Amount of total offering, 

Amount given to missions 


Average attendance 

PupiU baptized 1920, 

Christians in villages 

Christians attending S. S 

Preparation for exam., 

Teachers' meetings, 

No. in teacher training class 

No. in teacher training class who passed, 

Entered S. S. exam., 

Passed S. S. exam \ 

Received honors (1st class), 

Received honors (2d class), 

Front Line Sunday-schools, 

Banner Sunday-schools 

Star Sunday-schools, 


























































































































IV. Educational Statistics for 1920 
A. Village Schools 

1. Districts, 

2. Stations, 

First Dist.— Gujarati Second Dist.— Marathi 

No. village day schools, . 
No. village night schools, ... 
No. village school teachers, 

Enrollment, - 

Average attendance, , 

No. of boys , 

No. of girls 

Christian pupils 

Non-Christian pupils, 

Hours of religious teaching, 

Primary pupils 

First standard, 

Second standard, 

Third standard, 

Fourth standard 

Fifth standard 

Sixth standard 

Passed examination 

Government grants, 







































































Average time. ** Minutes, t Approximate. 

68 Annual Report 

B. Boarding-school Statistics for 1920 

1. Districts, 

First Dist. — Gujarati 

Second Dist. — Marathi 

2. Name of schools, 























No. of teachers 

Day pupils — boys, 

Day pupils— girls, 

Total day pupils, 

Boarding pupils — boys 

Boarding, pupils— girls, 

Total boarding pupils, 

Total enrollment, 

Entered examination, 

Passed examination, 

Primary pupils, 

First standard, 

Second standard 

Third standard 

Fourth standard, 

Fifth standard, 

Sixth standard 

Hours of religious teaching, , 

Pupils baptized, 

Total ave. annual cost per pupil, 

Learning gardening, , 

Learning carpentry, 

Learning tailoring, , 

Learning cooking, sewing, etc., .. 

Receipts from garden, etc 

Government grants 





























l A 























$ 37 









50 50 

















































$ 34 







Average. ** Two-thirds hours. 

C. Scholarship and Training Department, 1920 

L. Districts First Dist. — Gujarati 

Second Dist. — Marathi 



| Sum 
































Bulsar Bible School, teachers, 

Bible School students — men 

Bible School students — women, ... 

Seventh standard vernacular, 

Teacher Training College — men, .. 
Teacher Training College — women, 

High school students, 

College students 

Anglo vernacular — English, 

Medical training, 

Agricultural and industrial, 

Total training students — men, .... 
Total training students — women, 
Grand total training students, 

D. Summary of Educational Statistics: 





















1. Total No. mission schools, , 

2. Total teaching force — men 

3. Total teaching force — women, .... 

4. Grand total teaching force, 

5. Total under instruction — males, 

6. Total under instruction — females, 

7. Grand total under instruction, ., 




Night schools, 22. t Night schools, 21. J Night schools, 41. 

Annual Report 


V. Evangelistic Report for 1920 

A. General Evangelistic Report — 1920 

I. Districts, 

2. Stations, 

First Dist.— Gujarati 

Second Dist.— Marathi 

3. Groups tenting or touring, 

4. No. weeks tenting or touring, 

5. Missionaries tenting or touring, ...... 

6. Indians tenting or touring, 

7. Villages where repeat, meet, were held, 

8. Bibles sold, 

9. New Testaments sold,, 

10. Gospels sold, 

11. Tracts sold 

12. Tracts distributed free, 

13. S. S. Quarterlies used, 

14. Prakash Patra used 

15. Dayanodaya used, 


6 + 6 










































































B. Evangelistic Week— 1921 





































^ 88 





























































8. Bibles sold 







10. Tracts distributed free 







14. District Meeting offerings (dollars), 














* Hat District Meeting offerings included. 

VI. Temperance Report— 1920 

1. Districts, 

2. Stations, 

First Dist. — Gujarati Second Dist. — Marathi 

3. General temperance societies 

4. Juvenile temperance societies 

5. Total members temperance societies, . 

6. No. work groups for temperance work, 

7. No. of workers 

8. Villages visited 

9. Meetings held. .". 

10. No. who heard 

11. Temperance No. of Prakash Patra, ... 

12. Tracts sold 

13. Tracts distributed free, 

14. Total pledges secured, 

15. Purity lectures 

16. Amount of offerings, fees, 



















































































# $2 from Landour Sunday-school. 


Annual Report 

VII. Language Schools for Missionaries — 1920 

1. language Area, 

I 1919 
. | Gujarat! | Marathi | Total | Total 

2. Students, 1st year course, 

3. Students, 2nd year course 

4. Passed lower standard examination, 

5. Passed higher standard examination, 

6. Teachers on full time, 

7. Teachers on part time, 

8. Total No. in language study, 







2 ' 












VIII. Medical Statistics— 1920 

1. Stations, ...|Bulsar ITJmallal Ahwa I Total 

2. No. hospitals, '.\. 

3. No. of dispensaries, 

4. Nb. doctors — American, . 

5. No. nurses — American, .. 

6. No. doctors — Indian 

7. No. nurses — Indian, 

8. New cases, 

9. Repeated calls 

10. Total calls at dispensary, 

11. Daily average for year, .. 

12. In-patients, 

13. Obstetrical cases, .... 

14. Inoculations, k 

15. Minor operations, 

16. Major operations, 

17. Receipts (dollars) 

18. Expenses (dollars), 




1 I 
3,970 I 
8,904 I 


45 | 
152 I 
33 I 



























' ' 143 























IX. Homes 

A. Homes for Children of Missionaries 

1. Hill stations, 

Naini Tal. 


1920 Total 

1919 Total 














7. Total number of children, 


B. Home for Babies. Umalla 

1. Number of boys for year, 

2. Number of girls for year, 

3. Total for year 

4. Died ■ 

5. Left, transferred to boarding 

6. Number in Home December 31, 1920, 















C. Home for Widows, Bulsar 

1. Number of women for year 

2. Number of children for year, , 

3. Number of women at close of year, 

4. Number of children at close of year. 











Annual Report 71 


The Work in Sweden for 1920 

The undercurrent of the great European War apparently came more and more to 
the surface during 1920. The effect of this great struggle became more exposed, and 
is still anything but favorable. Schoolteachers and Christian workers of all phases 
are lamenting the condition among schoolchildren and the people in general. Instead 
of causing people to realize that a nation's strength does not depend on great rulers, 
horses, chariots and weapons of war, but on righteousness, peace and justice; on 
faith in the Almighty and service to him who has created mankind in his own image 
and for his express glory, it has apparently hardened them and made them more 

Though we have been laboring against many disadvantages, our Sunday-school 
work has moved along nicely. The State Church is progressing in taking interest in 
the rising generation. A few years ago they began with Sunday-school work in the 
cities. Young people's organizations are a little older than Sunday-school work with 
them, and lately they have organized junior societies. The State Church has learned 
much from the Free Churches. They have the material and the money, and leave 
no stone unturned in their work to keep the Free Churches in check. Their work is 
more popular, and this counts much against the other churches. They work hard 
among the parents, to not allow their children to attend Sunday-school in any other 
than the State Churches. 

We have two Sunday-schools in the Malmo church and two in the Vanneberga 
church (one of these is contemplating the support of an orphan in India), one in the 
Olserod church, and a Union Sunday-school in the SimriShamn church. All our Sun- 
day-schools are self-supporting. 

Our Junior Society still keeps busy. Some may become disinterested and drop 
out, but new ones come to take their places. We have two Junior Societies in the 
Malmo church, one in Malmo and one at the Limhamn house in one of the city 
suburbs. The Malmo Juniors are contributing toward the support of an orphan in 

Our Young People's Society is quite active. This organization helps to bear the 
local church expenditures, and does considerable charity work. Twenty-one poor 
children received clothes at Christmas and fifty aged poor received each a Christmas 
package containing life's necessaries. It also volunteers the support of Mrs. Chang 
Tsung Li, a Bible woman at the Liao Chou Hospital in China. Our Aid Society is 
under the auspices of this organization. The Young People's Society meets every 
Sunday evening and renders a varied program. This is the best-attended of our 
services in Malmo. 

The church work in Sweden met with a number of discouragements during 1920. 
The Malmo church is the only one to report accessions. Eight have come into the 
fold at this place. While the number is not so large, it is encouraging. On the 
other hand, there was an unusual amount of unfaithfulness manifested. One was dis- 
owned from the church and three left the fold to join other persuasions. A certain 
sect here in Sweden has been proselyting with good success, and we have suffered 
with other churches because of this sect. Evidences are that its work will be 
short lived. 

A spiritual dearth is manifest in this country. Materialism is progressing. The 
sin of indifference is great. The god of this world has blinded the eyes and hardened 
the hearts of this people. Iniquity is abounding and the love of many is waxing cold, 

The battle is hard. The visible results are unsatisfactory, according to our way 
of measuring. But the battle is the Lord's and not ours. We go forth with the, 


Annual Report 

armor of God and in his strength to conquer and widen the borders of the kingdom. 
May the Lord lend his hand to lead and his Spirit to guide and strengthen the church 
at home and abroad. Our labors*shall not be in vain in the Lord. 
Yours for the kingdom of Christ in Sweden. 

District Treasurer's Report for 1920 


Balance from 1919, Kr. 6,958.78 

Rent on bank account, 248.70 

From General Mission Treasurer, .'. 9,040.00 

Annual Meeting offering, 527.12 

Treasurer Young People's Association to foreign mission, 300.00 

Mission offering from different churches, 852.70 

Divers small entries, 15.60 


Hall rent in Malmo, Kr. 1,000.00 

Hall rent in Rosenvang 216.00 

Hall rent in Simrishamn, 120.00 

Divers expense on property in Olserod, 250.20 

Paid on principal on property in Olserod, 200.00 

Rent on loan on property in Olserod, 174.19 

Repairs, etc., on property in Olserod, 269.29 

Repairs, etc., on property in Vanneberga, 257.79 

Fire insurance on property in Vanneberga, • 8.32 

Fire insurance on property in. Limhamn, 9.60 

Repairs on property in Limhamn, 156.77 

M. V. Olsson, Tingsryd, rent, 75.00 

P. Hydehn, Malmo, rent, 698.46 

A. Andersson, Limhamn, support half year, , 1,340.00 

P. Jonsson, Vanneberga, support half year, 1,340.00 

B. Lindell, Olserod, support half year, 1,267.50 

M. V. Olsson, Tingsryd, support half year, 1,267.50 

P. Hydehn,- Malmo, Support half year, 4,985.00 

A. Anders son, traveling expenses, 122.81 

P. Jonsson, traveling expenses, 250.00 

B. Lindell, traveling expenses, 99.02 

M. V. Olsson, traveling expenses, 112.70 

P. Hydehn, traveling expenses, 122.43 

Ida Buckingham, 1,000.00 

Balance Evangelii Budbarare, 1,640.28 

F. Johansson and J. Sjolin, trip to Olserod, 33.72 

Postage, 7.58 

Treasurer of Malmo church, 138.21 

Treasurer of Tingsryd, 196.00 


Balance to 1921, 514.53 

Submitted by P. Hydehn, District Treasurer. 

Annual Report 


Statistical Report for 1920 



















































































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Total 1 4j 4j 6175111391 55| 74) 69|1,2351 101 6| 6| 8 1 4 1 4 1 2|1531 $1, 789.84|$4,243.69 

* Stockholm— Not represented 
Malmo— 61 Bible Studies. 

Respectfully submitted, Malmo, Sweden, Feb. 13, 

J. F. Graybill. 



Of the fact that time flies we are reminded when we look back and see that it 
is now over a year since we left our native shores, bade good-bye to "Liberty," as we 
sailed out of New York harbor, and have had our first experience in the Master's real 

It is much easier to sit and think what has been accomplished and what should 
be done than to sit down and tell the friends in the homeland about it. There being 
no one else to do it I must simply "buckle down to the job." This story was started 
yesterday, but one visitor after another prevented further writing. So by the time 
evening came I had not written anything more than the start. Each man came with 
some problem, and of course we are supposed to be able to do most anything. One 
man wanted to know how to keep a set of books. He is to take charge of a place and 
has to keep accounts. Not knowing much about bookkeeping he wished me to give 
him a complete course in an hour's time. He got it. At least he was satisfied! 

Upon our arrival in Sweden we were required to stay in the home of Brother and 
Sister Graybill, which we did until the latter part of January. We had hoped to be 
able to locate in Copenhagen, in order better to get the language, and also because 
the city affords a better opportunity for mission work than the country. It did not 
seem to be the Lord's wish, and in consequence, after searching for a house over the 
whole of Thyland, we finally found one about two and one-half kilometers from the 
station in a small town called Koldby. We were now near the work in this part of 
the country. 

The opportunity for getting the language was not the best. We had, to instruct us, 
a young man who was teaching in a private school, but he soon departed for southern 
Denmark, and we were left to struggle alone with the language. We took our first 
lesson on the 24th of March, and by God's help we were, with much effort, permitted 
to get enough of the language by the 11th of July to preach our first sermon in the 
Danish language. There were many flaws in it, but "Necessity knows no law." We 
had been preaching with the aid of Eld. Martin Johansen — the man who has borne 
the burden of the church for many a year — as interpreter. 

Bro. Johansen is well known to the brethren who have visited this part of our 
mission field. At the age of forty he began to study the English language and has 
mastered enough to converse intelligently under all circumstances. 

In looking back over the work we see much that should have been done, but 
could not be for various reasons. 

August 11 marks the date of the arrival of Brother and Sister Esbensen. It was 
a great surprise to all, as they were not expected until a few weeks later. Being 

74 Annual Report 

Danes, they were prepared to go to work at once. They were placed in Bedsted, to 
carry on the work, and they are meeting with good success. 

In the fall we baptized five young sisters. They were the first additions for a 
number of years. This marks the beginning of what we hope to be a great work. 

Sunday-schools were organized both in Bedsted and Hordum. These have been 
very successful up to the present time. Two Christmas programs were held after the 
manner of the Danes. It was new to us and we joined in the festivities with a will. 
Everybody pronounced them a success. 

Bro. Esbensen and the Baptist minister held an alliance series of meetings in 
Vensyssel. This resulted in the addition to our fold of a young man, the head of a 
family, whose wife may come later. 

A series of meetings was held in Hordum and Bedsted. The members were 
strengthened spiritually and quite a number are counting the cost. We hope to have 
another series after the New Year, when we hope to reap what we sowed in the first 
series. Infant baptism is the great bone of contention. All state church members 
are required to have their children's birth reported to the state priest within forty- 
eight hours after they are born; they must also be baptized as soon as possible. At 
twelve or fourteen years of age they are to be confirmed, which ends their schcfol 
days and usually their church days, too, as they seldom attend service after confir- 
mation, unless on special days, communion and Christmas being the most important. 
They remain members of the state church as long as they pay their dues and do not 
commit murder. 

Any instruction not in accordance with state church teaching is considered heresy. 
In this small district in which we are. located people are afraid to attend the services 
in our halls for fear of being misled by the heretical doctrines. It is even reported 
that the state priest warned his people from the pulpit, on confirmation day, to beware 
of the two Americans, recently arrived, who claim to be members of the Church of 
the Brethren, intimating that we are in league with the white slavers. One mother 
was very much frightened, fearing for the safety of her daughters. She came to one 
of our sisters and complained about such distressing conditions here. Friends advise 
us to take the matter to court, declaring the priest would have to give up his position 
and be sent to prison for such a false statement, but we have replied that the devil 
can even use a state priest to accomplish his ends, and that God says "Vengeance is^ 
mine, I will repay." Furthermore, I do not think Jesus would take the course of the 

The house in Hordum should be larger and better adapted for Sunday-school pur- 
poses, for the hope of the church in this town is through the Sunday-school. 

In Vensyssel we need a new house, located at another place, if any efficient work 
is to be accomplished. The reason that both workers are in the Thy district is be- 
cause we thought it not advisable to place a worker in the Vensyssel district under the 
present conditions. 

There is a great dearth of literature in the Danish language, especially Sunday- 
school literature. Our young Danish teachers have very few resources along this line. 

A church Bible school is sorely needed. We hope the time is not far distant when 
this can be a reality. 

What we need more than anything else is the prayers of God's people in the 
homeland, in order that we may know what is best to do under all circumstances. 

During the years that little was done here, and when there was no one to take 
direct charge of the work, many of our members became indifferent and some left 
the church. In the coming year we hope to regain most or all these. We believe that, 
with united effort and a faith in the Lord, this can be done. We hope for greater 
unio'n in the church. In the past years there has been much friction in the church 
here, and it is not yet overcome. But we trust and pray that before the New Year 
is ended we can have a united body of workers, all consecrated to the Master's service 
to be used as he sees best. 

Annual Report 


Financial Report, 1920 


Balance on hand Jan. 1, 1920, $ 125.55 

General Mission Board, 9,486.04 

Interest on deposit to June 30, 22.57 

Interest on deposit to Dec. 31 25.07 


Supports, .- $8,086.04 

N. Esbensen, C. Hansen, C. Eskildsen, M. Johansen. 

Evangelistic and General Station, 1,008.69 

Property expenses, 440.00 

Total, $9,534.73 

Balance on hand Dec. 31, 1920, 124.50 $9,659.23 

The above figures represent kroners and ore in Danish currency. 

Will E. Glasmire, Treasurer. 

Statistical Report for 1920 



























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5 449.09 

Totals | 4| 2\ 6| 64 1 6| 5| 3|205| 2| 11| 2|164| 76|$628.20 

The offerings represent Danish Kroners. 

76 Annual Report 


I. World-Wide Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 84,105 08 

Donations reported in Visitor, $72,705 11 

Reiff Estate Settlement, 5,863 22 

Net Interest from Endowment, 71,032 12 

Death Lapses Annuities, 1,750 00 

Earnings Bank Account, 442 49 

Pub. House earnings, Account 11, 69,785 71 

Oiler Memorial Fund, 525 00 $222,103 65 

$306,208 73 
Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees, Auditors, $ 254 94 

Annuities on Endowment Funds, 45,084 19 

Publications, Account No. 19, 13,567 16 

General Expense, Account No. 20, 16,112 92 

Home Mission, Account No. 7, 2,171 55 

Sweden Mission, Account No. 5, 5,159 80 

Denmark Mission, Account No. 6, 4,052 83 

South China Mission, Account No. 4, 218 71 

China Mission, Account No. 3, 72,671 78 

India Mission, Account No. 2, ', 130,320 66 

Transfers and Refunds, 5,50150 

Deputation to Foreign Fields, 6,227 07 

Interest on Borrowed Money, 127 71 

Accounts Special and Suspense Account, 894 73 $302,365 55 

Balance to New Year, 3,843 18 

$306,208 73 

2. India Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts last year, $ 14,924 14 

India Mission reported in Visitor, $ 2,192 36 

India Mission, by transfer, 2,500 00 

India Mission, Interest on Endowment, 276 60 

India Native Workers, 3,066 63 

India Native Workers, Interest Rhodes Endowment, 60 00 

India Boarding School, reported in Visitor 7,534 08 

India Share, reported in Visitor, 5,622 13 

India Widows' Home, reported in Visitor, 229 49 

India Hospitals, reported in Visitor, 153 02 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, reported in Visitor, 507 73 

Dahanu Hospital, reported in Visitor, 28 49 

Palghar Hospital, reported in Visitor, 277 00 

Vada Auto Fund, reported in Visitor, 950 60 

Rosa Kaylor Memorial Fund, reported in Visitor, 149 00 

India Village Church Fund, reported in Visitor, 800 00 

Anklesvar Churchhouse, reported in Visitor, 959 00 

Anklesvar Girls' Boarding School Bldg., reported in Visitor, 2,279 37 

India Famine Relief, reported in Visitor, 67 18 

India Native Training School, reported in Visitor, 160 00 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, reported in Visitor, 2,000 00 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, Interest, 301 63 

Oklahoma Memorial Boarding School, reported in Visitor,.. 157 26 

India Transmissions, Account No. 17, 898 95 

Aid Society Foreign Mission Fund, reported in Visitor, 2,061 66 

Student Fellowship Fund, reported in Visitor, 643 78 

Missionary Supports, Account No. 15, 28,480 00 

Missionary Children Support, Account No. 16, 557 79 

From World Wide, to balance, 130,320 66 $193,234 41 

$208,158 55 

Annual Report 77 

Expenditures — 

Fares, voyage money, outfits, freight, $ 3,579 74 

General appropriations, 1,336 82 

Supports of workers, \ 37,410 00 

India Experiment Farm, 12,000 00 

Prospect Point Property, 6,500 00 

Vacations and furloughs, 4,800 00 

Medical work, 2,760 00 

Widows' Home, 960 00 

Baby Home, 1,800 00 

Language School, 2,400 00 

Boarding and Training Schools, 38,520 00 

General Evangelistic, 22,460 00 

Deficit, Missionary Children's Home, 946 50 

Vada Auto Fund, s ..... 950 60 

Oklahoma Memorial Boarding School, 157 26 

Student Fellowship Fund, 643 78 

Transmissions, 898 95 

Bungalows, 15,300 00 

Boarding School Buildings, 9,000 00 

Native Quarters, 6,085 00 

Wells and land, 6,620 00 

Teachers' line, 4,050 00 

Bible Teachers Training Building, 2,700 00 

Anklesvar Girls' School Building, 4,341 03 

General Deficits, 954 20 

Building repairs, 2,000 00 $189,173 78 

Balances to New Year — 

India School Dormitories $ 2,025 00 

India Boarding School Building, 884 04 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, 5,517 63 

Anklesvar Churchhouse, 3,036 19 

India Village Church Fund, 950 00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 6,571 91 $ 18,984 77 

$208,158 55 

3. China Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from various China Accounts last year, $ 1,784 08 

China Mission, reported in Visitor, $ 3,006 59 

China Mission, by transfer, 2,500 00 

China Mission, Interest on Endowments 141 00 

China Native Workers, reported in Visitor, 2,771 79 

China Boys' School, reported in Visitor, 711 14 

China Girls' School, reported in Visitor, 569 44 

China Share, reported in Visitor, 198 75 

China Hospital, reported in Visitor, 133 25 

Liao Chou Hospital, reported in Visitor, 1,183 63 

Liao Chou X-Ray, reported in Visitor, 646 08 

Ping Ting Hospital, reported in Visitor, 4,075 38 

Ping Ting Hospital, Administration Bldg., reported in Visitor, 2,203 68 

Ping Ting Women's Dispensary, reported in Visitor 90 00 

Aid Society Foreign Miss.ion Fund, reported in Visitor 2,061 66 

Student Fellowship Fund, reported in Visitor, 9,806 40 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., reported in Visitor, 813 00 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, reported in Visitor, 551 35 

Ping Ting Boys' Industrial Bldg., reported in Visitor 175 00 

China Transmission, Account No. 18, 2,731 37 

Missionary Supports, Account No. 15, 20,250 00 

Missionary Children Support, Account No. 16, 493 40 

From World Wide, to balance, 72,671 78 $127,784 69 

$129,568 77 
Expenditures — 

Fares, voyage money, outfits, freight, etc., $ 3,542 63 

Supports of workers and families, 26,690 46 

Medical outfits and allowances, 330 00 


r nv \ idd/i n\/ 

78 Annual Report 

Vacations and furloughs 4,480 00 

Miscellaneous and Agency Hire, 1,460 00 

Language ' Schools, 1,645 00 

Transmission, 2,731 37 

Liao Chou Hospital, 2,001 34 

Liao Chou Boys' School, 4,977 00 

Liao Chou Girls' School, 1,710 00 

Liao Chou Evangelistic, 1,665 00 

/Liao Chou General, •. 2,056 00 

Liao Chou Buildings and equipment 1,770 00 

Ping Ting Hospital, ' 3,640 00 

Ping Ting Administration Building, 14,071 74 

Ping Ting Physician's and Architect's Residence, 7,950 00 

Ping Ting Boys' School, 4,017 00 

Ping Ting Girls' School, 2,323 50 

Ping Ting Evangelistic, 1,915 00 

Ping Ting General 1,806 50 

Ping Ting Buildings and equipment, 4,300 00 

Shou Yang Evangelistic, 550 00 

Shou Yang General, 3,293 50 

Shou Yang property bought, 6,000 00 

Exchange loss on workers' supports, .* 9,823 40 

Balance in China Treasury, 11,463 15 $126,212 59 

Balances — 

Liao Chou Girls' Boarding School Building, $ 813 00 - 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, 646 08 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, 1,722 28 

Girls' Dormitory, Ping Ting, 400 00 

Crumpacker Home, 225 18 $ 3,356 18 

$129,568 77, 

4. South China Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 549 92 

Receipts reported in Visitor, $ 173 20 

From World Wide, to balance, 218 71 $ 391 93 

' $ 941 83 
Traveling expense, outfit, etc., $ 561 60 

Support of missionary, 380 23 $ 94183 

5. Sweden Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 1,926 58 

Sweden Mission, reported in Visitor, $ 67 15 

Sweden Churchhouse, reported in Visitor, 617 41 

Missionary Supports, Account 15, 1,350 00 

From World Wide, to balance, 5,159 80 $ 7,194 36 

$ 9,120 94 

Expenditures — 

Transport Expense, $ 86 43 

Support of missionaries, 1,485 00 

Support of District Work, etc., 5,005 52 $ 6,576 95 

Balance to New Year — 

Sweden Churchhouse $ 2,543 99 

$ 9,120 94 

6. Denmark Fund 

Receipts — 

Reported in Visitor, $ 84 99 

Missionary Supports, Account No. 15, 900 00 

From World Wide, to balance, 4,052 83 $ 5,037 82 

Annual Report y 79 

Expenditures — 

Transport Expense, $ 979 09 

Support of missionaries, 1,315 00, 

Support of District Work, etc, 2,743 73 $ 5,037 82 

7. Home Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 403 16 

Reported in Visitor, ...$ 2,774 86 

From World Wide, to balance, 2,17155 $ 4,946 41 

$ 5,349 57 
Expenditures — 

Worker in Southland, $ 286 28 

District Mission Council, 113 29 

District Mission Work: 

N. Carolina and S. Carolina and Florida, $ 300 00 

Northern Illinois, ! 1,000 00 

Northern California, 400 00 

Oregon, 2,500 00 

Texas and Louisiana, 500 00 

First Arkansas and S. E. Missouri, 250 00 $ 4,950 00 $ 5,349 57 

8. Church Extension 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 11,703 39 

No Increase, $ 11,703 39 

Bills Receivable 
Loans paid by churches — 

Selma, Va., : $160 00 

Roosevelt, N. Dakota, : 54 00 

Mt. Joy, Va., 18 75 

Oklahoma City, Okla., 100 00 

Freeport, 111., 500 00 

Milk River Valley, Mont., 120 00 $ 952 75 

Balance of loans at close of year, 8,215 15 $ 9,167 90 

Expenditures — 

New Loans made — 

Bartlesville, Okla., $ 500 00 

Cheraw, Colo., 1,500 00 $ 2,000 00 

Balance loans from last year 7,167 90 $ 9,167 90 

9. Gish Testament Fund 

Receipts — 

Sales of Testaments, .' $ 589 09 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from old year, $ 318 47 

Balance to New Year, 270 62 $ 589 09 

10. Gish Publishing Fund 

Receipts — 

Sales of books during year, $ 1,163 40 

Receipt No. 13132, 500 00 

Income, Gish Fund Endowment, 3,400 02 $ 5,063 42 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 647 93 

Books purchased for fund, 4,300 51 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief, 680 00 $ 5,628 44 

Deficit to New Year, $ 565 02 

80 Annual Report 

11. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — . 

Earnings, 1919-1920, and cash turned over, $ 14,000 00 

Surplus turned over, : 50,624 18 

Interest on investment, 7,869 00 $ 72,493 18 

Expenditures — 

Insurance premium, $ 683 67 

Office rental for year, 450 00 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief, ,1,573 80 

To World Wide Fund, 69,785 71 $ 72,493 18 

12. Special Mission Funds 

Africa — 

Balance from last year, $ 147 51 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 680 40 $ 827 91 

Japan — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 85 30 

Philippines — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 81 40 

Porto Rico — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 234 42 

Arab Work- 
Balance from last year, no increase, 1 50 00 

South America — 

Balance from last year, $ 150 34 

Donations, reported in Visitor, . 2 00 152 34 

New England Mission — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 202 50 

Southern Native White- 
Balance from last year, .'.. $ 182 23 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 15 00 197 23 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 331 27 

Australia — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 200 66 

Italian Mission — 

Balance from last year, $ 1,846 11 

Donations, reported in Visitor : • 19 00 1,865 11 . 

Colored Mission — 

Balance from last year, .$ 151 10 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 5 00 156 10 

Colored Mission, Industrial — 

Balance from last year, no increase, 397 75 

\ 13. Relief Funds 

Swedish Relief 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 72 25 

Donations reported in Visitor, 65 00 

Balance to New Year, $ 137 25 

China Famine Relief 

Receipts — 

Donations reported in Visitor, $125,994 81 

Expenditures — 

Drawn for use by China Mission, 51,200 00 

Balance to New Year, $ 74,794 81 

Annual Report 81 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year $ 8,167 94 

Receipt No. 13176, $ 132 50 

Receipt No. 13531, 7 25 

Receipt No. 13725, ' 1 25 

Forward Movement Designation, 471 08 

Brethren Publishing House, interest, 1,573 80 

Gish Fund Endowment, interest, 680 00 

Forward Movement Share, 13,313 26 $16,179 14 

$ 24,347 08 
Expenditures — 

Paid out in assistance to ministers or their widows, $ 5,636 00 

Balance to New Year, $ 18,711 08 

Denmark Poor Fund 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, no increase, $ 3,944 90 

14. Miscellaneous Funds 

Student Loan Fund 
Receipts — 

Donations received, $ 905 90 

Expenditures — 

Loans made to students, 675 00 

Balance to New Year > $ 230 90 

Stover Lecture Foundation 

Balance from last year, $ 362 66 

Interest from investments, 53 71 

Balance to New Year, $ 416 37 

15. Special Support Funds 

Southern California Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13204, $ 180 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 270 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 360 00 

Receipt No. 13041, 180 00 $ 540 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Jesse B. Emmert, India $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 90 00 $ 540 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1427, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13749, \ 270 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India, $ 450 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, * $ 135 19 

Receipt No. 13621, 1,214 81 $ 1,350 00 

!xpenditures — 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker, Olive Widdowson, India; 

Sister Grace Clapper, China, $ 1,350 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12914, $ 69 23 

Receipt No. 12998, 12 50 

82 Annual Report 

Receipt No. 13187, 92 00 

Receipt No. 13538, 134 12 $ 307 85 

Expenditures — 

Support Josephine Powell, India, /.-. $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 142 15 

Middle Iowa Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

No receipts. 

Expenditures — 

Support S. Ira Arnold, India, . -. $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 450 00 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 60 03 ■ 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1386, 200 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1428, 100 00 

Income on Endowment, 122 00 $ 482 03 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. B. Stover, India, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 32 03 $ 482 03 

Cedar Rapids Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 350 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1775, 550 00 $ 900 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning, China, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 450 00 $ 900 00 

First Church, Philadelphia, Pa. 

On hand at beginning of year, no receipts or expenditures, $ 300 00 

S. G. Nickey and W. I. Buckingham Families 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13382, • $ 225 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1431, 180 00 $ 405 00 

Expenditures — , 

Support Dr. Barbara Nickey, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 4 45 00 

' Mt. Morris College Missionary Society 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 420 00 

Receipt No. 13270, 90 00 $ 510 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother D. J. Lichty, India, $ 450 00 

Undercharge for support 1918-1919 60 00 $ 510 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday School, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13301, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 13619, 100 00 

Receipt No. 13831, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sadie J. Miller, India, : $ 450 00 

Northern Illinois Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12736, $ 5 00 

Receipt No. 12833, 29 16 

Receipt No. 12842, 5 30 

Receipt No. 12845, 2 00 

Receipt No. 12352, " 12 75 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 84, 15 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 532, 96 10 

Receipt No. 13131, 194 69 

Receipt No. 13133, 25 00 

Receipt No. 13257, 90 00 

Receipt No. 13661, 3 00 

Receipt No. 13696, 15 00 $ 493 00 

Annual Report 83 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Garner, India, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 43 00 $ 493 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 20 00 

Receipt No. 13451, 550 00 

Receipt No. 13719, 650 00 

Receipt No. 13826, 130 00 

Receipt No. 13766, 12 00 $ 1,362 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover, India; Sisters Minerva Metzger 

and Mary Schaeffer in China, $ 1,350 00 

Balance to new year, 12 00 $ 1,362 00 

Middle Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12829, $ 335 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 309 73 

Support Brother Adam Ebey, India, 450 00 $ 759 73 

Balance due new year, 424 73 

Southern Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12848, \ $ 175 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 61, 20 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 378, 50 00 

Receipt No. 13370, 205 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. J. Heisey, China , $ 450 00 

Pine Creek Congregation, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 179, $ 350 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1871, 100 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China, $ 450 00 

Walnut Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12849, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13342, 180 00 

Receipt No. 13559, 90 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Andrew Hoffert, India, $ 450 00 

Bethel Congregation and Sunday School, Nebraska 

Receipts — ' 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 238, $ 58 41 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 540, 150 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1134, 100 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1462, 130 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1730, 25 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1835, 20 00 $ 483 41 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 200 00 

Support Brother Raymond C. Flory, China, 450 00 $ 650 00 

- Balance due new year, 166 59 

Northern Virginia Congregations 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13033 $ 1,052 85 

Receipt No. 13667, 180 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 13876, 150 00 $ 1,382 85 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 332 85 

Support Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India, 900 00 

Balance to new year, . 150 00 $ 1,382 85 

84 Annual Report 

Northern Virginia Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13296, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 13767, 250 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China, $ 450 00 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 175 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 300, ,175 00 

Receipt No. 13415, 325 00 $ 675 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 225 00 $ 675 00 

Bridgewater Sunday School, Virginia 

Balance from last year, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 12913, 250 00 

Receipt No. 13574, 250 00 $ 850 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Norman A. Seese, China, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 400 00 $ 850 00 

Antioch, Bethlehem and Germantown Congregations, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13121, $ 116 67 

Receipt No. 13416, 158 34 

Receipt No. 13797, 225 00 $ 500 01 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother I. E. Oberholtzer, China, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 50 01 $ 500 01 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1459, $ 400 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 734, 540 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1675, 540 00 $ 1,480 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and Children, India, $ 1,480 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12754, $ 131 00 

Receipt No. 12835, 40 00 

Receipt No. 13193, 125 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1175, 25 00 

Receipt No. 13821, : 220 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1700, 100 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1710, 75 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1898, 25 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1943, 30 00 $ 771 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 491 00 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller, India, 450 00 $ 941 00 

Balance due new year, 170 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday School, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12898, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13355, 210 00 

Receipt No. 13359, 60 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India, $ 450 00 

Virden and Girard Sunday Schools, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12861, $ 90 00 

Receipt No. 12897, 90 00 

Receipt No. 13375, 135 00 

Receipt No. 13463, 45 00 $ 360 00 

Annual Report 85 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India, . $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 90 00 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday School, Illinois 

Receipts — 

No receipts. 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 450 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 6 67 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 886, 95 65 

Receipt No. 13825, 197 68 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Hutchison ( 2 / 3 ), China, $ 300 00 

Dallas Center Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 7 33 

Receipt No. 13228, 50 00 

Receipt No. 13552, 70 00 

Receipt No. 13634, 22 67 $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Hutchison ( l /s), China, $ 150 00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12986, $ 180 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1037, 12 65 

Receipt No. 13461, 257 35 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India, $ 450 00 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12828, $ 160 00 

Receipt No. 13421, .- 12 00 

Receipt No. 13447, 200 00. $ 372 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 360 00 

Support Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India, 450 00 $ 810 00 

Balance due new year, 438 00 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 29 35 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1937, 40 00 $ 69 35 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. M. Pittenger, India; Brother O. C. Sol- 

lenberger, China, $ 900 00 

Balance due new year, 830 65 

Lick Creek Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 163 00 

Receipt No. 12831 180 00 

Receipt No. 13335, 180 00 $ 523 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 73 00 $ 523 00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 180 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1737, 270 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby, India, $ 450 00 

86 Annual Report 

Salem Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — » 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1834, $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Minnie F. Bright, China, $ 450 00 

Trotwood Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 136 91 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 557, 360 00 $ 496 91 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China, $ 450 00 ' 

Balance to new year, 46 91 $ 496 91 

Painter Creek Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12855, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 13395, ' .*.... 245 00 $ 420 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 30 00 

East Nimishillen Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 178 66 

Receipt No. 13219, 15 00 $ 193 66 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Brumbaugh, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 256 34 

First Altoona Sunday School, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

No receipts. 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India, ' $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 450 00 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 751, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13412, 112 50 

Receipt No. 13511, 112 50 $ 405 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 45 00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13124, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 13712, 150 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lizzie A. Flory, China, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, '* 100 00 

Oiler Memorial Fund 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12864, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 13093, 175 00 

Receipt No. 13328, 175 00 $ 525 00 

Expenditures — 

To World Wide Mission Fund, $ 525 00 

Huntingdon Congregation and College, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1444, $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. M. Blough, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 90 00 

450 00 

450 00 

690 00 

690 00 

450 00 

450 00 

450 00 

450 00 

Annual Report 87 

Richland Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13157, $ 360 00 

Receipt No. 13773, 90 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer, India, $ 450 00 

Elizabethtown Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 10 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 997, 180 00 

Receipt No. 13386, 180 00 

Receipt No. 13485, 80 00 $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Bessie M. Rider, China, $ 

Woodbury Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 428, $ 

Deficit from last year, $ 240 00 

Support Sister Florence Pittenger, India, 450 00 $ 

Midway Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13573, 7 $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. F. Graybill, Sweden, $ 

Chiques Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipt No. 13774, $ 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden, $ 

Conestoga Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12876, $ 360 00 

Receipt No. 13388, 90 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Leah S. Glasmire, Denmark, $ 450 00 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13827, $ 310 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1894, 40 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma H. Eby, India, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 100 00 

G. E. Shirkey, Kansas 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12851, $ 240 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 240 00 

Support Brother E. H. Eby, India, 450 00 $ 690 00 

Balance due new year, 450 00 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman, California 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12901, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 12383, 270 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother John I. Kaylor, India, $ 450 00 

C. H. Erb and Wife, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1256, $ 350 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1560, 100 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Cora Brubaker, China, $ 450 00 

88 Annual Report 

La Verne Congregation and Sunday School, California 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13054, $ 400 00 

Receipt No. 13489, 500 .00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister Ernest Vaniman, China, 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13285, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13708, 270 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Howard Alley, India, 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13289, ( $ 270 00 

Receipt No. 13504, 180 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ella Ebbert, India, 

Southwestern Kansas Congregations 

Receipts — 

By transfer, $ 20 00 

Receipt No. 13205, 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 20 00 

Support Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker, China, 900 00 

Balance due new year, 

Middle Missouri Congregations 

Receipts — 

. Receipt No. 12950, $ 176 70 

Receipt No. 13332, 87 45 

Receipt No. 13832, 55 25 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1676-8, 85 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, : $ 148 50 

Support Sister Jennie Mohler, India, % •. 450 00 

Balance due new year, 

North and South English River Sunday Schools, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 2 00 

Receipt No. 13030, 120 00 

Receipt No. 13163, 75 00 

Receipt No. 13498, 75 00 

Receipt No. 13581, 120 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nettie M. Senger, China, 

Balance due new year, 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa 

Receipts — 

No receipts. 
Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Arnold, India, 

Balance due new year, 

Manchester College Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 10 00 

Receipt No. 13438, 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Laura J. Shock, China, 

Balance due new year, 

900 00 
900 00 

450 00 

450 00 

$ 450 00 

$ 450 00 

$ 470 00 

920 00 
450 00 

$ 404 40 

598 50 
194 10 

392 00 

450 00 
58 00 

450 00 
450 00 

160 00 

450 00 
290 00 

Annual Report 89 

Northern Iowa Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13161, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 13464, 100 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough, China, $ 450 00 

Middle Maryland Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12874, $ 540 00 

Receipt No. 13373, 360 00 $ 900 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India, ... $ 900 00 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12878, $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13381, 270 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anetta C. Mow, India, $ 450 00 

Mexico Congregation, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 215 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1950, 235 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lillian Grisso, India, $ 450 00 

Knob Creek Congregation, Tennessee 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12906, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 13407, , 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 175 00 

Support Sister Anna B. Seese, China, 450 00 $ 625 00 

Balance due new year, 275 00 

Monitor Congregation, Kansas 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13188, $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Myrtle Pollock, China, $ 450 00 

Pleasant Valley Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1447, $ 605 99 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 155 99 

Support Sister Edna Flory, China, 450 00 $ 605 99 

Barren Ridge Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1126, $ 487 95 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 70 70 

Support Sister Nora Flory, China, 450 00 $ 520 70 

Balance due new year, 32 75 

Middle River Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 18 75 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Byron M. Flory, China, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 431 25 

Lebanon Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 29 35 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Valley V. Miller, China, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 420 65 

90 Annual Report 

Timberville Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12856, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 13379, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother prnest M. Wampler, China, $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, 100 00 

Manchester Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12838, . $ 180 00 

Receipt No. 13280, 180 00 

Receipt No. 13390, 90 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey, India, , $ 450 00 

Locust Grove Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 5 00 

Receipt No. 12893, 180 00 

Receipt No. 13689, 225 00 

Receipt No. 13791, 40 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India, $ 450 00 

Walnut Grove Sunday School, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12981, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 13516, 100 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Samuel Bowman, China, $ 450 00 

Nezperce Congregation, Idaho 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 29 00 

Receipt No. 13450, 421 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. D. L. Horning, China, r $ 450 00 

White Oak Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 360 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 892, 360 00 $ 720 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. E. Glasmire, Denmark, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 270 00 $ 720 00 

Michigan Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 120 00 

Receipt No. 12801, 210 00 

Receipt No. 13284, 170 00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1310, 32 00 $ 532 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China, $ 450 00 

Balance to new year, 82 00 $ 532 00 

Myers Brothers, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 12837, $ 147 70 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 1109, 360 50 $ 508 20 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 322 05 

Support Brother Minor M. Myers, China, . . . . 450 00 $ 772 05 

Balance due new year, 263 85 

Special Support Funds 

Space in this issue <k>es not permit publication of three pages of matter under this head. This 
part of the report will be printed in the July issue. 

Annual Report 


16. Miscellaneous Supports of Missionary Children 

„ Rece 


























No. 12721, 
No. 12834, 
No. 12858, 
No. 12972, . 
No. 12973, 
No. 13013, 
No. 13026, 

pt No. 13039, . 

pt No. 13068, 





13323, . 

13486. . 
13510, . 

India Mission, 
China Mission, 

Account No. 2, 
Account Xo. 3, 

45 00 
31 25 
45 00 
45 00 
22 50 
45 00 
48 79 
2 79 
22 50 
45 00 
45 00 
50 00 
28 00 
38 00 

41 91 
45 00 
75 00 
22 50 
75 00 
22 50 

42 95 
37 50 

100 00 
75 00 

557 79 
493 40 

$ 1,051 19 

$ 1,051 19 

17. India Transmissions 

Receipts — 





10 00 
5 00 

10 00 

20 00 
5 00 

10 00 
5 00 
5 00 

5 00 
10 50 
20 70 

6 00 
10 00 
16 00 

13192 250 00 


103 00 

10 00 
17 00 

11 00 
20 00 

12 50 
27 00 
30 00 
30 00 
10 00 




5 00 

17 00 

2 00 

5 00 
30 00 

15 00 

6 00 
35 00 
50 00 
28 00 

16 00 

5 00 
2 00 
2 00 

6 25 
5 00 

22 00 
22 00 
35 00 
15 00 

Total, $ 981 95 

Less transfers, etc., 83 00 

$ 898 95 



18. China Transmissions 

12737, $ 400 00 


25 00 

5 00 

5 00 

45 09 

10 00 



13500, 5 00 

13051, 18 00 

13520, 10 12 

13524, 20 23 

13525, 39 52 

13526, 27 00 


Annual Report 


























12811, 24 10 

12839, 30 00 

12840, 100 00 





10 00 

13 00 
10 00 
10 00 
30 00 
30 00 
25 00 

1 00 

14 00 
20 60 

13150, 140 00 




7 50 
50 00 
10 00 
10 00 

20 11 
60 00 

29 25 

14 65 
10 00 
10 00 
16 25 

15 00 
18 85 

30 00 

10 00 

11 00 

15 00 
5 00 

10 00 
5 00 

16 50 
25 00 
15 82 
41 50 

11 00 

21 00 
50 00 

7 75 

• 8 00 

25 00 

31 00 
87 60 


pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
[pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
ipt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
Ipt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
ipt No. 


18 00 
87 00 
14 30 
10 00 
72 00 
10 00 
22 40 
14 30 
20 00