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MISSIONS 

A BAPTIST MONTHLY MAGAZINE 



PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN BAPTIST FOREIGN MISSION 
SOCIETY, THE AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY. 
AND THE AMERICAN BAPTIST PUBLICATION SOCIETY 



BOSTON -.- NEW YORK -:- PHILADELPHIA 
OFFICE, FORU UL'ILDING. BOSTON 






AMERICAN BAP'rilSrHwJN^I^^N MISSION SOCIETY 

FORD TttT R.niNQ^ l^gfQN. ILksi ACHUSBTTa 

General Offleen 

E. B. BRYAN, L.L.D., New York, President REV. C. A. WALKER. Penn.. Recording Secretary 

I. W. CARPENTER, Neb., Ist Vlce-Pre«. THOMAS S. BARBOUR, D.D., Foreign Sec'y 

GEO. C. WHITNEY. Masa.. 2d VIce-Pree. FRED P. HAGGARD. D.D., Home Sec'y 

ANDREW MacLEISH, 111.. 3d Vlce-Pree. CHAS. W. PERKINS, Treasurer 

DIstriet Seeretaiiee 

NEW ENGLAND — W. E. WiTTHi, D.D., LAKE — E. W. LouNSBrsT, D.D., 

Ford Bulldinsr, Boston, Mass. 824 Dearborn Street, Chicago. IlL 

NEW YORK — Rev. Chablss L. Rboadbs, CENTRAL — Henbt Williams. D.D., 

23 East 20th Street, New York. 424 Utica Building. Des Moines, la. 

SOUTHEASTERN— Ray. Fbakk S. Dobbins, SOUTHWESTERN— I. N. Clabk, D.D., 

1701 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 614 Massachusetts Building, Kansas City, Mo. 

PACIFIC — Rev. A. W. Ridbr. 906 Broadway, Oakland. CaL 

Joint District Secretaries: Home and Foreign 

KANAWHA — Rev. John S. Stump. WABASH — Rev. S. C. Fulmeb. 

1705 Seventeenth Street, Parkersburg, W. Va. 1738 Ruckle Street. Indianapolis, Ind. 

OHIO — Rev. T. G. Field, SUPERIOR — Frank Petebson, D.D., 

Granville, Ohio. 407 Evanston Building, Minneapolis, Minn. 

YEF.LOWSTONEJ — C. A. CooK, D.D., 1508 Mission Ave.. Spokane. Washington. 

MISSOURI (Special District) — Rev. H. E. Tbubx, Metropolitan Building, St. Louis. Mo. 

AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY 

23 EAST 26TH STREET, NEW YORK 
General Offleen 

FRED A. WELT^, Illinois, President H. L. MOREHOUSE. D.D., LL.D.. N. Y., Corr. Sec. 

B. K. EDWARDS. Calif., 1st Vice-Pres. W. M. WALKER, D.D., Penn.. Recording Sec'y 

C. C. BARRY. Mass.. 2d Vlce-Pres. C. L. WHITE, D.D., New York. Assoc. Corr. Sec'y 
CHAS. T. LEWIS. Ohio, 8d Vlce-Pres. FRANK T. MOULTON, New York. Treasurer 

L. C. BARNES, D.D.. New York. Field Sec'y 

General Saperlntendente 

SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION— GsoboB PACIFIC COAST — C. A. WoODDT. D.D.. 808 Y. M. 

Salk. D.D.. 107 Park St.. Atlantfi^.Qa^. C. A. Building. Portland. 

CENTRAL niV;«K)W-^l&..*Dr.rtiOBEB.»B.il., 413 FOREIGN POPULATIONS— Rev. James M. 

N. Y. LlfW:B»:aiftlti^.»Omai\^»,*NebJ .; • BnucK. 23 E. 26th St., New York. 

SOUTHWESTOI^«-npv. BBUcn IffiNifff , *T<$peka, THE GERMANS — Rev. G. A. Sghultb, 

Kans. *' ..••••••• *1® S<*' Belmont Ave., Newark, N. J. 

**%: :%.:: :*•• District flecretmles 

NEW ENGLAND — QxiT. ^f |^ JC.* J^BOBOSS, Ford LAKE — Rbv. J. Y. ArroHisoN, 324 Dearborn St., 

Bulldinff. Boston! Mass. ., ... • Chicago. 

NEW YORK— Ret. JI\-^..*DitiNm |» B; 26th St, CBN TRAT y— D. D. Pbopeb. D.D.. Omaha. 

New York. •• ••• * *. ."I- •• • SOUTHWESTERN — Rev. Bbuce Kinney. Topoka. 
SOUTHEASTERN-^RtfvI^AMBB •AVM:k\l>^ELL, 1701 Kansas. 

Chestnut St.. Philadelphia. PACIFIC — Rev. A. M. Petty, Los Angeles. Cal. 




AMERICAN BAPTIST PUBLICATION SOCIETY 

1701 CHESTNUT STREET. PHILADELPHIA 
General Officers 

SAMUEL A. CROZER. Penn., President A. J. ROWLAND. D.D., LL.D.. Secretary 

W. HOWARD DOANE. Ohio, Ist Vice-Pres. J. G. WALKER, D.D.. Recording Secretary 

W. G. BRIMSON. Ills.. 2nd Vlce-Pres. R. G. SEYMOUR, D.D.. Mlss'y and Bible Sec'y 

FRANK STRONG, LL.D., 3d Vlce-Pres. REV. HOWARD WAYNE SMITH. Asst. Sec'y 

H. S. HOPPER. Treasurer 

District Secretaries 

NEW ENGLAND— C. H. Spaldino. D.D., MIDDLE WEST— T. L. Kbtman. D.D.. 

16 Ashburton Place, Boston. Mass. 168 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 

NEW YORK— W. W. Pbatt. D.D., WESTERN — Rev. Joe P. Jacobs. 

23 East 20th Street. New York. 627 W. 30th St., Kansas City. Mo. 

MIDDLE — Rev. S. G. Neil. SUPT. OF WORK AMONG THE NEGROES: 

1701 Chestnut St. Philadelphia. 8. N. Vass, D.D., Raleigh. N. C. 

BAPTIST FORWARD MOVEMENT FOR MISSIONARY EDUCATION 

Rev. JOHN M. MOORE. General Secretary, Ford Building, Boston 

WOMAN'S AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY 

2960 Vernon Ave., Chicago, Illinois 

MRS. A. G. LESTER. Chicago. President MRS. J. X. CROITSE. Honorary President 

MRS. G. W. COLEMAN. Boston. Ist V. Pres. MRS. KATHERINE S. WESTFALL, Chicago. 

MRS. L. A. TR AND ALL, MInnoapolIs. 2d V. P. Corr. Soc'y 

MRS. T. S. TOMPKINS. Pasadena, 3d V. Pres. MRS. A. E. REYNOLDS, Chicago. Field Sec'y 

MRS. E. C. MARSHALL, Chicago, Treasurer 

WOMAN'S BAPTIST FOREIGN MISSION SOCIETY 

Ford Building, Boston, Mass. 

MRS. M. G. EDM.\XDS. President MRS. C. A. ROBINSON. Home Soc'y 

MRS. H. G. SAFFORD. Foreign Sec'y MISS ALICE B. STEDMAN. Treasurer 

WOMAN'S BAPTIST FOREIGN MISSION SOCIETY OF THE WEST 

2060 Vernon Ave., Chicago 

MRS. ANDREW MacLEISH, Chicago, President MRa M. E. KLINB. Treasurer 
IISS CARRIE E. PERRINE, Home Sec'y MISS M. B. ADKINS, Foreign Sec'y 



THE DOOR OF THE NEW YEAR 

We pause beside this door: 
Thy year, O God, how shall v 

The footsteps of a child' 
Sound close beside us. Listen, He'^WllUfeak!; .-. 
His birthday bells have hardly rurfg ivnebi.. :'■.- 
Yet has He trod the world's press, 4&ie£le^; -' '- '. 
"Enter through Me," He saith, "nor waAdM" mefe;- 

For lot I am the Door." 

—Lucy Larcom. 



JJriflljbnrlfnnJi nnh Irotljrrljmiii 

OSEFH COOK said that "the nineteenth century made the world 
one neighborhood! the twentieth century should make it one 
brotherhood." 

The world has been marvellously opened during the last 
fif^ years to the gospel messenger and his message. 

It is less than a brief century since nearly every nation was 
fenced in by a thousand idiosyncrasies and gazed with jealousy, 
suspicion and surly defiance, if not with hatred, upon every 
other people. At that time, to be a foreigner was to be an enemy. Nations 
were then largely ignorant of each other, or knew only what was worst, and 
interpreted what they knew of outsiders in the most uncomplimentary way. 
Selfishness was supreme to the inter-racial attitude. Even among Christian 
nations this was largely true; but, for non-Christian people the terms used were 
"infidels," "pagans," heathen," "barbarians," and such like. And the sentiments 
expressed by these words were heartily reciprocated, with compound interest, 
by the non-Christian world in such epithets as "mletchas," "foreign devils," etc. 
To-day a marvellous change has overtaken Christendom in this respect. 

Consider the modem cosmopolitanism of the Christian. He has become, 
generally speaking, a new man with a world vision and a world sympathy. 
There has come into the spirit of man the sense of universal brotherhood, a 
neighborly interest and sense of kinship, revolutionary in its influence upon man 
everywhere. 

The Christian obligation to serve and to save all men, regardless of race, 
language, or color, is the new conviction and fresh inheritance of our time. 
—John P. Jones, D.D., in The Modern Missionary Challenge. 



MISSIONS 



The Year 1910 

QHE year 1910 was 
marked religiously by 
the great missionary 
Conference in Edin- 
burgh, which drew to- 
gether from all parts oE 
the world a body of del- 
egates without parallel 
in the races and interests represented. 
None who was present will doubt the 
permanent influence of the meeting. New 
points of contact were discovered. New 
light broke in upon leaders who had 
never before sat in such mixed Christian 
fellowship. New sense of the vastness of 
the missionary enterprise was born; and 
also a deep consciousness of the need of 
closer cooperation and a striving after a 
real oneness of spirit in the service of 
the common Master. The strongest in- 
fluences of the Conference were the un- 
seen, which will work like leaven until in 
the mission fields the effects will by and 
by appear, and not there alone, but in 
the churches of the home lands as well. 
Moreover, the nine volumes of Com- 
mission Reports which are now finding 
place in the libraries of ministers and in- 
terested laymen the world over will put 
the literature of missions upon a new 
plane, and be a contribution to the cause 
of missions that would alone be worth all 
that the Conference cost. 

The year also witnessed many of the 
remarkable inspirational meetings of the 
Laymen's Missionary Movement in this 
country, culminating at Chicago. In this 
case, again, the results cannot be tab- 
ulated or in large measure be perceived 
immediately. That thousands of men in 
the churches who had given little or no 
thought to missions as something touch- 



ing them were led to think seriously 
about the matter, and also about a dif- 
ferent kind of church membership and 
one that meant more to the kingdom of 
God, is certain. East and West, North 
and South, there was a rising tide of in- 
terest, an awakening to the significance 
and responsibility of the missionary call 
upon the Christian church. The work 
is now being followed up, and in increas- 
ing degree by the denominations, which 
are organizing movements to cooperate 
with the interdenominational movement, 
and thus carry the good work into the 
local churches. Conferences in smaller 
cities have also formed a part of the pro- 
gram in the closing months of the year, 
and will continue in the months to come. 
In these we shall cooperate. 

Speaking generally, there has been no 
marked revival in the churches, aside 
from this of the missionary spirit, which 
necessarily involves the entire spiritual 
life. There is reason to believe that in 
the year to come the churches will show 
clearly the effects of the new interest and 
activity of men, and the recognition by 
thousands that the church has a work for 
and claim upon men and their best brain 
and strength. 

For our denomination, the year has 
seen the final establishment of the North- 
ern Baptist Convention in constitutional 
form. The Chicago Anniversaries were 
characterized by dignity and harmonious 
working out of plans for close coopera- 
tion and increased efficiency. There was 
nothing to indicate that we are not great- 
ly to gain by the changes that have taken 
place, which give us greater unity and 
proper denominational self-consciousness 
without detracting from a true inde- 
pendence. Under coordination our mis- 



MISSIONS 



sionary societies are moving forward as far 
as the budget limitations will permit. If 
the new order has not yet brought the 
churches to make their offerings earlier 
in the year, so as to relieve the treasury 
burdens and the wearing apprehensions, 
there has been some improvement, and it 
must be remembered that system cannot 
get to work nor church habits be changed 
in a day. Patience is easier when it is 
known that we are on the right track and 
working along progressive and approved 
lines. Let us give the apportionment- 
budget plan a five years* trial, and then 
see the results. 

The year 1910 will also be memorable 
among us by reason of the real begin- 
ning of the Baptist Laymen's Movement, 
with the coming of Secretary Stackhouse 
to throw himself into the work. Here 
again we shall not expect a hurrah cam- 
paign or a "boom town" method. The 
Secretary is not spectacular. He will 
not shout from a housetop — nor even in 
Missions — ^what great things he is about 
to do, but he will tell about things, great 
and small, after they are done. And as 
our people come to know him, they will 
be sure that the potencies wrapped up in 
this Laymen's Movement will not be left 
undiscovered and unused. Faith and the 
far look should gird us for success in this 
endeavor. 

In our mission fields, at home and 
abroad, there have been during the year 
no conspicuously outstanding features. 
The revelation of need has been steady. 
The Sudan and Congo Commission 
brought back its recommendations of in- 
creased support for the Congo missions, 
and the Mexican Deputation found in 
our next-door neighbor large opportuni- 
ties; and these reports should lead to 
larger resources for both countries in the 
coming year. Meanwhile, the great body 
of missionary work goes on in all parts of 
the world; and the interest of our home 
churches shows increase and not diminu- 
tion; which leads to a hopeful look into 
the New Year 1911. Recalling that 
1910 gave birth to Missions, on this our 
first anniversary we wish for all our 
readers, and all Baptists, and all disciples 
of the Lord Jesus — a 

Happy New Year! 



Good Things Coming 

OUR readers ought to know what a 
feast of good things is coming in 
this new year. The pages of Missions 
will be crowded with matter of interest 
that should not only delight our present 
readers but bring us double the number. 
Articles already in hand cover wide 
ground. Here are the subjects of a few 
of them, to indicate the scope and char- 
acter : 

On the War Path among Blanket In- 
dians, by Field Secretary Barnes, who 
will also tell us of his transcontinental 
wanderings and experiences; Outline of 
Free Baptist Mission Work, by Dr. 
Thomas H. Stacy, long time Secretary 
of their Conference Board ; Missionary 
Efforts of the Churches in the Philip- 
pine Islands, by Rev. A. A. Forshee, of 
the missionary force there; Practising 
Medicine without a License, by Rev. J. 
Frank Ingram, of China; A Day's Work 
on the Foreign Field, by Rev. W. C. 
Mason of Assam ; Touring in the Rains, 
by L. Ward B. Jackman, up near the 
Thibet line in Assam; A Year at the 
Central Tabernacle in Tokyo, by Rev. 
William Axling; A Missionary Itinerary 
in North Dakota, by General Superin- 
tendent D. D. Proper; Metlekatla, 
Alaska, the Scene of the Red Man's 
Transformation, by Felix J. Koch ; Bread 
on the Waters, or the Word of God for 
the Japanese Navy, by Dr. George E. 
Burlingame of San Francisco ; In Monte- 
rey, Mexico, a sketch by Georgia T. 
First ; How the Akron Church made Its 
Mission Exhibit; The Missionary who 
Gave a Written Language to the Ka- 
chins, by the Editor; Story of a Check- 
ered Life, by Louis R. Patmont, a native 
of Russia; Life at an Industrial Experi- 
ment Station in India, by Director Sam- 
uel D. Bawden, pioneer in a new line of 
missionary endeavor; Camping Snap 
Shots in the Garo Hills, by Rev. G. G. 
Crozier, of Tura, Assam; A Bible of 
Fih'pino Manufacture, by Rev. P. H. J. 
Lerrigo of Capiz ; Colporter Work in an 
Oil Town, by Rev. J. L. Limes of Cali- 
fornia; Forty Years of Pioneering as 
Sunday School Missionary, by Mr. Ed- 
munds of Minnesota ; The Uplift of the 



8 



MISSIONS 



Madigas, by Rev. Cjcorge H. Brock of 
the Ongole Mission. So we might go on 
and fill a column. Nearly all of the arti- 
cles named are illustrated. 

But now a word as to some things 
planned. First, a series of articles on 
missionary problems, such as self-support, 
an educated ministry, the Christian's re- 
lation to heathen society, and how to rear 
Christians of a second generation. An- 
other series of sketches illustrating The 
Day's Work of missionaries on diverse 
fields. "My Experience in Personal 
Work" is the general title of another 
projected series. Already we have be- 
gun an important series on the "Mis- 
sionary Efforts of the Native Churches," 
an intensely interesting subject as show- 
ing the missionary development of mis- 
sionary products. Stress will be laid on 
special correspondence from strategic 
points the world around, and a number 
of writers of the first order have agreed 
to give broad surveys of great fields. The 
subject of immigration, which is again 
forcing itself upon public attention, will 
be treated in a scries of articles by the 
Editor, who made special investigations 
in Europe last summer with the point of 
immigrant departure in view, and the 
possible improvement of conditions prior 
to embarking for the new land. Rev. J. 
H. Franklin, who was one of the com- 
missioners to the Sudan and the Congo, 
has promised several travel articles, and 
has a large collection of photographs, 
mostly taken by himself. Dr. Dearing 
has sent many photographs also, and will 
continue his enlightening "Echoes from 
the Oriental Press," now that he is with- 
in reach of the sources of information. A 
number of the missionaries who recently 
sailed for the first time will tell us of 
their initial experiences. 

Of course, the departments will be 
continued, and there will be at least one 
new one, devoted to the Baptist Lay- 
men's Movement and the Brotherhoods. 
When Secretary Stackhouse gets into the 
harness and has a breathing spell, he will 
take charge of this department and make 
it a right-hand helper in his broad work. 
Another feature to be developed is a Mis- 
sionary Item Box in which will be put 
''ll sorts of interesting items from all 



sorts of missionary fields, so that we 
know in brief what our neighbors and 
fellow-workers are doing. The World 
Survey will keep the great movements 
before us. The Missionary Programs 
will be given a month in advance, so that 
time may be afforded to prepare them, 
and secure the material adapted to pro- 
mote highest interest. Model programs 
will occasionally be given, and appropri- 
ate matter will be found in the magazine, 
so that program committees will not be 
at a loss even if they rely upon Missions 
altogether. 

Our difficulty will be, not how to se- 
cure reading that will delight and inspire 
our readers, and make the missionary 
cause live in the hearts of the people, but 
to find room for it. It will be a sore 
disappointment if, with the gradual de- 
velopment of a staff of writers, many of 
whom are specialists, the second year of 
Missions is not an advance in value and 
interest over the first. 

e 

Cheapening Religion 

A recent writer in the Atlantic, under 
the title "The Cheapening of Religion," 
has sounded a warning note, and redi- 
rected attention to the spiritual values. 
He shows how various efforts to draw 
congregations by sensational and adver- 
tising methods have tended to the cheap- 
ening of religious thought, with disas- 
trous consequences to religious progress 
and ideals. He proves how absurd it is 
to suppose that a minister can be a spe- 
cialist in his own legitimate line — that of 
spiritualizing human character — and at 
the same time be dabbling in politics and 
socialism and all that makes for the ma- 
terializing of religion. He. says: "Deep 
in its heart the church is aware of its 
spiritual mission, but the incessant ha- 
ranguing of the popular reformer, and 
various other pressures from without, are 
eating into its faith, and it now seems 
possessed with a determination to part 
with no small part of its spiritual func- 
tion, in order to acquire an uncertain 
partnership in affairs over which its influ- 
ence is comparatively slight." 

This is something to ponder well. Only 
as the church is aware of its spiritual mis- 



MISSIONS 



sion and holds tenaciously to it will 
Christian conquest be made by it. Ser- 
mons that are "ninety-eight per cent, po- 
litical and socialistic, and two per cent, 
spiritual," will not lead men to that 
change of heart which alone can make a 
reformed society. The strength of the 
church lies in its spiritual power and 
functions, and to sidetrack or subordinate 
these is fatal. The Atlantic writer is 
correct in diagnosing the peril of getting 
away from the basic principle of personal 
character and redemption. The church 
is to be interested profoundly in promot- 
ing human betterment, but not to mistake 
her part in that promotion. This lies, 
to a large extent, not in seeking by direct 
methods the greatest material happiness 
for the greatest number, but in exalting 
the spiritual motive and developing the 
spiritual life which ranks duty first, and 
the kingdom of God and His righteous- 
ness as the supreme aim. Other ends, 
however good, must be kept in due re- 
lation and proportion. 



® 



Large Value for Little Money 

WE wonder how many readers of 
Missions realize the amount of 
reading matter they received for only 
fifty cents, the most of them, last year? 
There were 835 pages, not counting the 
advertisements. Two good, substantial 
volumes of over 400 pages each, royal 
octavo. If put in ordinary book size 
there would be more than 1,700 pages, 
or five ordinary volumes. 

Of course the amount of matter is not 
so important as the quality of it, but it is 
well to have some idea of the amount. 
As for the variety, the reader was taken 
into the leading countries of the world, 
and into all sections of our own. A glance 
through the index to the first volume, 
filling over five pages of small type, will 
be convincing as to the range of the sub- 
jects and the wide human interest. Every 
phase of missionary work at home and 
abroad was touched upon, if but slightly 
in some instances. If we have not said 
much about medical missions, it is be- 
cause we hope soon to have a full account 
of that important factor in missionary 



success. So with some other subjects, 
which deserve extended description. But 
several great fields have been covered in 
thorough manner, indicating the treat- 
ment others will receive in due time. 

A bound volume of Missions, we ven- 
ture, would prove a pleasant surprise 
even to those who have received the 
monthly issues as they appeared. We 
wish every Baptist church in our con- 
stituency had such a volume in its library. 
Missionary committees would then have 
no difficulty in getting up attractive pro- 
grams, and there would be at hand a 
storehouse of missionary information and 
illustration. If churches or Sunday 
schools or Brotherhoods will order such 
a volume in advance for 1911, we will 
furnish it neatly bound for $1 ; and it 
will be one of the best investments that 
could be made. We cannot supply back 
numbers for 1910, hence make this sug- 
gestion for 1911. 







As to Comity 

WE give elsewhere an article on the 
subject of "Comity" by Dr. J. W. 
Willmarth, which came too late for publi- 
cation in the December issue. One or 
two others have come in, which will be 
considered later. One good brother sends 
a series of questions, asking after each, 
"Does the Northern Baptist Convention 
and Missions stand for this?" We can 
only say that we have not the slightest 
idea what the Northern Baptist Conven- 
tion stands for in regard to the matter of 
comity or any other upon which it has 
not passed; and we know of no way to 
find oiit until the Convention shall de- 
clare itself, if it see fit to do so. As for 
Missions^ we thought it might be a good 
thing to get light upon a subject bound 
to come up in practical form at home and 
abroad, and therefore invited frank dis- 
cussion by the brethren. It is understood 
in such discussions that every Baptist 
expresses his own convictions. The 
purpose of Missions in the present case 
was to be a medium of opinion, not an 
unauthorized determinant of it. Mean- 
while, the Christmas spirit of peace and 
good will broods over us all. Jesus Christ 
is the solvent of all problems. 



MISSIONS 



Note and Comment 



01SS1ONS enters upon 
its second year with joy 
and full purpose to be 
more suggestive, more 
stimulating and more 
helpful both to the 
cause it specially repre- 
sents, and to the spirit- 
ual life of its readers. The news from 
mission fields ought to quicken us to per- 
sonal service in the field that is directly 
our own. This number has plenty of 
variety. The Downtown Church and 
the city problem as a whole demand large 
attention. Industrial work in the for- 
eign field is just now attracting much 
interest. Secretary Stackhouse gives his 
6rst instalment of news from the field. 
Mrs. Titterington gives a bright picture 
of a day with a Chapel Car. We see 
the work for immigrants at various 
points. Mr. Peters' experiences are vivid. 
The Philadelphia summer work may tell 
our people in other cities what is possi- 
ble next summer. The Indian sketches 
arc capital for programs, and the field 
news is very full. You cannot go amiss. 
q All correspondents will please note the 
change of address, and put on their com- 
munications henceforth simply, "MIS- 
SIONS, Ford Building, Boston, Mass," 
Our mail has not infrequently been sent 
to us at the address of the Home Mission 
Society, the Foreign Mission Society, and 
the Publication Society. It will reach us 
directly and much more satisfactorily if 
sent as above, "Ford Building, Boston, 
Mass." That is why we repeat the ad- 
dress. The dead-letter office shows how 
singularly common it is to be careless 
in addressing letters. 

Q Dr. Sale has returned from his trip to 
our missions in Porto Rico, and will give 
our readers in the February number his 
impressions of the work. He went to 



study especially the educational needs. 
Mr. James Mcllravy, of the Home Mis- 
sion Board, accompanied him. 

q The most serious difficulty Missions 
labors under is want of space. There is 
vastly more good material than can be 
used, and we are conscious that some 
workers may feel in a measure neglected. 
Some articles also must appear a little 
out of the natural time, as the Summer 
Work article in this issue, for example. 
But it was simply impossible to publish 
sooner that excellent account of a work 
that is to go on increasingly in our cities. 
It has been in type for over four months, 
but it is necessary to preserve balance in 
the magazine, and a diversity of interests 
must be considered. If this January is- 
sue does not contain some expected con- 
tributions, there is a reason, which we 
believe our readers and kind contributors 
will appreciate. 

^ The census gives this country ninety- 
two million population in round num- 
bers, not including the Philippines and 
Porto Rico, which would bring the total 
above a hundred millions, and make us 
second only to Russia among the western 
nations. This is an increase of twenty- 
one per cent, for the whole country. The 
need of home mission eflort in pioneer 
sections is shown by the fact that the 
State of Washington has the largest per- 
centage of growth, reaching in the decade 
120.4 per cent.; while Oklahoma comes 
second with 109.7, Idaho next with 
101.3, Nevada fourth with 93.4, and 
others In this order: North Dakota 80.8, 
New Mexico 67.5, Arizona 66.2, Ore- 
gon 62.7, California 60.1, Montana 54.5, 
Colorado 48.0, So, Dakota 45.4, and 
Utah 34.7. All the western States were 
above the average, as were also Pennsyl- 
vania, New Jersey, New York, Connecti- 
cut and Rhode Island, But the North- 



MISSIONS 



11 



west heads the procession. There is a 
vast expansion of home mission work be- 
fore us if the church growth is to keep 
pace with that of the population in these 
swiftly developing sections. 

Q New York State still holds the posi- 
tion of the Empire State, with a popu- 
lation above the nine million mark. 
Greater New York shows an increase of 
1,329,000 in the ten years. The peo- 
ple of this single State equal in numbers 
the papulation of nearly a score of the 
States. New York City as an urban 
center looms up with about seven mil- 
lions of people, this including Jersey City 
and Newark and residential places within 
twenty miles. Surely such centers will 
exercise a prodigious if not dominating 
influence upon our social and religious 
life. The city is the strategic point for 
Christian effort. It is also the most diffi- 
cult. All other problems seem small 
compared with that of purifying our 
great cities of corruption, governing them 
honestly and well, and making and keep- 
ing them Christian in spirit and practice. 

^ At the request of the Northern Baptist 
Convention, Dr. A. S. Hobart, of Crozer 
Seminary, has prepared a list of prayer 
meeting topics for 1911, and the Publica- 
tion Society is ready to furnish it at $1 
per hundred, postpaid. Its use will be 
found helpful by pastors and churches. 
The topics divide the time between the 
cultivation of individual character, sug- 
gestions about civil and social duties. 
Christian doctrine and missions. Once a 
month — the first meeting of the month — 
is given to missions, and the topics fit in 
with the systematic plan of the Commit- 
tee on Christian Stewardship. Missions 
will also follow these programs, furnish- 
ing a suggested program and suitable ma- 
terial a month in advance as far as poG- 
sible. Subscribers to Missions will have 
all needed illustrative matter at hand, if 
they keep the magazine on file; and this 
the missionary committee in every church 
should do. The Topics can be obtained 
from Philadelphia or any of the branch 
houses of the Publication Society. 

^ On another page will be found the 
farewell charge which an Indian mis- 
sionary gave to his people as he was leav- 



ing them. The story he told made a 
profound impression, and is well au- 
thenticated. We are glad to say that 
Mr. Hamilton has been able to resume 
work among the Indians, although with 
another of the tribes. 

fl The Evangelical Alliance takes the 
Far East as the special subject for prayer 
on the Thursday set apart for foreign 
missions. In the home mission subject 
for Saturday it lays especial emphasis 
upon the evangelization of the Jews. We 
might well include immigrants as a 
whole, and our work for them. 

^ At the recent elections in Porto Rico, 
the Unionist party elected every one of 
its thirty-five candidates for deputy of 
the House, so that there is not a single 
representative of the Republican party in 
that body for the coming year. This 
emphasizes the dissatisfaction with the 
political status which was set forth at 
Lake Mohonk by a Porto Rican, Signor 
Travieso, whose address we expect to 
print in large part. The matter of citi- 
zenship is a matter that should be settled 
right at the earliest possible moment. Its 
delay gives chance for demagogues, and 
for leadership of not the most desirable 
sort. The American party and measures 
must now face a united opposition, but 
we trust that Governor Colton may be 
able to overcome all obstacles in the way 
of the solid progress of the island. 

fl A Mohammedan in London is report- 
ed as making the innocent observation 
that since the ex-Sultan of Turkey gave 
grounds for Christian churches and 
schools, he supposed the London County 
Council would be willing to give the 
Islamic Society in London ground on 
which to build a mosque. Of course it 
would not be easy for a Mohammedan to 
see why turn-about in such a case would 
not be fair play, nor why a mosque in 
London would not be of as much benefit 
as a Christian church or school in Tur- 
key. But the Turkish ruler undoubtedly 
recognized the value of the institution he 
was aiding as a personal rather than offi- 
cial act. There are three Mohammedan 
mosques in London, by the way. Islam 
is carrying its missionary propaganda into 
Christian lands. 



MISSIONS 




No Heroes Now-a-Days? 




AD this romance of mod- 
ern missions and judge for 
^i^J yourself. Three young 
fcita'm Englishmen heard the call 
of God to preach in Peru. 
'i^ Neither English nor Amer- 
■1 ican Societies, debt-loaded, 
could send them. In 1893 
without promise of pence from any source 
they sailed from the United States for 
Callao, Port of Peru, and landed with 
just fifty dollars as their united posses- 
sions. Nothing daunted, they opened a 
night school which supported them; in 
about a year contributions from friends 
enabled them to dispense with this source 
of revenue, and devote themselves exclu- 
sively to gospel work: the mission then 
started in Lima developed into a strong, 
healthy church. . 

But the interior beckoned. One man 
remained on the coast "to hold the 
ropes," while Mr. Fred J. Peters and 
Mr. Jarrett in 1895 started for Cuzco, 
the old far-famed Inca capital. It was 
this city that tried their metal. It is a 
long, hard five hundred mile ride to 
Cuzco, up and still up, winding along 
bridle paths bordering rocky ravines of 
dizzying depth, until an elevation of 
11,500 feet is reached. Beauty of val- 
ley and peak and cloud surround this 
tomb of ancient empire, stories of whose 
quaint civilization nnd golden splendor 
still cause the world to wonder. Breezes 
of delightful invigoration caress it yet, 
but the place is neither pleasant nor 
healthful. Why? Because Spanish con- 
querors of the long ago wiped out its 
glory and left behind a constant blight 
in a formal religion. Whatever of good 
the Roman Catholic Church may have 



wrought elsewhere, none can claim benef- 
icent results from its sway in this Inca 
city where the public practice of all other 
religion is forbidden. In this isolated 
spot, all-powerful, and freed from civil- 
ization's restrain, nearly all the priests 
sank in sin below the level of ordinary 
humanity — so deep the degradation that 
the stories are told in whispers; they 
were also almost universally lazy, and so 
dirty that scores of them were vermin-in- 
fested. As monuments, however, to cer- 
tain phases of Romish activity, there are 
twenty-four immense church buildings 
and almost as many more monasteries 
and convents. 

But what of Cuzco itself? It is laid 
out on the square block system, the streets 



MISSIONS 



13 



arc narrow, cobble-paved and with an 
open drain through the middle or on 
each side, into which little drains from 
each bordering adobe house empties sew- 
age; sometimes these drains become 
choked with debris, and then the street 
is a bog of unimaginable filth and sick- 
ening odor. The inhabitants number 
about 20,000, of whom seventy-five per 
cent, are Indians, and the remaining 
twentj'^-five per cent. Peruvians and a 
few Germans, French, Italians, English 
and Americans. 

After about ten days' life in this place, 
Mr. Jarrett was stricken with the small- 
pox — a disease not quarantined although 
frequent outbreaks greatly decimate the 
population. There was only Mr. Peters 
to nurse the sick man, for the priests had 
commenced a crusade against the "heret- 
ics," and under pain of excommunication 
forbade intercourse with them, and also 
forbade selling them food. For six weeks 
denunciations, daily growing more bitter, 
were heard in all the pulpits; finally a 
leading friar, addressing an audience of 
some 2,000 persons, said, "it would be 
a glory to God and a blessing to the city 
to put them out of existence." 

These words were heard by Mr. 
Peters as with coat collar pulled about 
his ears he crouched in a corner of the 
great edifice. He understood. So also 
did tlic people, who acted promptly. 

The very next day as he stood in his 
little home on the outskirts of the town, 
his sick companion tossing in the delir- 
ium of fever, a great tumult caused him 
to look out of the window. A shouting, 
hurrying multitude, with sticks and 
stones, thronged up the street, surround- 
ed the house, and pelted it, while others 
made ready to apply the torch which 
should burn it over their heads. Death 
seemed certain. But a little boy who 
had surreptitiously sold them milk, and 
who knew there was no harm in them, 
had heard the men plan their diabolical 
plot and had gone to the chief of police 
and told him all. Fortunately the chief 
was a man willing to do his duty; he 
was also a Liberal. Thus it happened 
that just as the torch was about to be 
applied, a squadron of mounted police 
dashed into their midst, scattering the 



fanatics, who quickly faded out of sight. 
From that day a police guard was con- 
stantly kept over Mr. Peters and Mr. 
Jarrett. 

The Catholic prelates, however, tri- 
umphed, in that the heretics were ex- 
pelled from the city, the prefect in the 
name of the Peruvian government sign- 
ing the command. Only twenty-four 
hours were given in which to make prep- 
arations, and not even a physician's cer- 
tificate as to the danger to the sick man, 
or a petition signed by some six hundred 
leading Liberals who desired that they 
be permitted to remain, could secure a 
respite. The Spanish consul, himself a 
Catholic but indignant at the treatment 
accorded inoffensive Protestants, procured 
two horses for them. This was all that 
was done for their comfort or safety on 
that five hundred mile journey. 

As they rode out of the city in sad- 
ness, all the bells in the twenty-four 
churches clanged jubilantly; while in 
public procession, with songs and chants, 
and carrying their famous black idol (the 
Lord of the Earthquakes), so venerated 
that it is usually taken out only once a 
year, Catholic clergy and laity to the 
number of several thousand wound tri- 
umphantly through the streets. 

Nineteen days the two men were in 
the saddle ; sometimes two days at a time 
without food, and at all times with only 
such sparing quantities as they were able 
to beg of friendly Indians. Sometimes 
they were at an altitude of 16,000 to 
17,000 feet, riding through snow and 
hail, and shivering miserably as the wind 
pierced their wet summer garments; 
sometimes wet and cold they slept in par- 
tially sheltered nooks ; at other times they 
plunged 10,000 feet down steep declivi- 
ties into "pockets," hot as ovens, and 
swarming with mosquitoes, sand flies and 
scorpions; they crossed canons 100 and 
more feet deep and as many wide on 
wickerwork bridges, the frail structures 
sinking into a crescent with their weight 
and swaying with every motion of their 
body — once one of the horses broke 
through with one leg and it was with 
great difficulty and peril that he was ex- 
tricated. But all dangers were safely 
passed. And when they reached Lima 



14 



MISSIONS 



their case was presented to the Peruvian 
Government, which paid them an indem- 
nity for their sufferings and the outrage 
inflicted ; the prefect who allowed him- 
self to be the tool of the priestly party 
was also reprimanded. The Liberals 
through the newspapers gave publicity to 
the incident, and by the indignation 
aroused secured increased religious lib- 
erty for all. 

A second attempt was later made to 
preach in Cuzco; but after about seven 
months was abandoned, because of the op- 
position which amounted to persecution. 

Mr. Peters meantime returned to Eni;- 
land and learned photography, for he 
had ascertained that business was always 
protected. Therefore the third attempt 
to enter Cuzco was as business men. The 
studio and store which was opened in 
1899 won both friends and business. In 



about a year a few friends were invited 
to a gospel meeting, since which time 
meetings have been held uninterrupted- 
ly; there is now a strong church of splen- 
did men and women Avho have borne bit- 
ter persecution gladly. As for Mr. Peters 
himself, his conduct was so exemplary 
that he won the esteem of the city and 
was elected alderman of Cuzco, in the 
voting running far ahead of prominent 
Catholics. Four years he served them in 
public capacities. 

To educate his children, he was forced 
to leave Peru, reaching the United States 
in 1907. But the call of God to serve 
Spanish-speaking peoples has come again, 
and in December. 1909. Mr. Peters ac- 
cepted service under the American Bap- 
tist Home Mission Society, and has gone 
to Cuba to start an industrial work in 
connection with the El Cristo Sdiools. 



MISSIONS 



A Million for Industrie-Educational Work 

THE EDUCATIONAl. WORK THAT INDIA WANTS TO-DAY 

By Rev. W. H. Hollister, of Mysore 



E great famines and "peri- 
ods of scarcity" that have 
afflicted vast areas in India 
during recent years have 
broueht the dawn of a new 
era in educational work. 
The trend of thought until 
very recently among educa- 
tiooists and in mission circles has been 
ttroo^y in favor of confining the scope 
of education for the great masses to the 
"three R's." Many have failed to real- 
ize that this, good as far as it goes and 
aU-important, is not the education that 
will grip broadly the masses. Instruction 
in all ^at indicates the nobility of labor 
with the hands and develops the good 
geme needful to make that labor not only 
profitable but desirable, has more vital 
amncctton with India's uplift than many 
realize. 

It 19 well to have thus forced upon us 
consideration of the problem of combin- 
ing ordinary educational work with 
training in such industries as farms, gar- 
dens and work shops make essential. Such 
combination of instruction may fitting- 
ly be designated Jnduitrio-Educational 
Work. 



Let us glance at the conditions calling 
for revision of our methods of training. 
The boys and girls of India come into 
the world with normal mental powers. 
It is pleasing to note their development 
in early years. They imitate their elders 
in household duties; in the care of flocks 
and herds ; in farm work or in the marts 
of trade as aptly and successfully as do 
children in England or America. For a 
dozen or more years their minds unfold 
beautifully and naturally in the great 
kindergarten school of real life. Not all 
days afford new lessons. There is much 
of repetition for daily life in the house- 
hold and much that goes to make up the 
old patriarchal type of rural and city life 
is simple and narrow in its scope. 

At twelve or thirteen jears of age the 
average child has graduated in the school 
of its environments. The sheep, oxen 
and poultry have no new lessons to teach 
them, for they are of meek and quiet dis- 
position and there is no struggle in their 

The plough that the descendants of 
Abraham and Herodotus used is still 
their stand-by and its repair, or renewal, 
from a tree branch is a simple problem. 



16 



MISSIONS 



The sickle produced by the village black- 
smith from an old file, or other scrap of 
steel, never presents the difficulty of a 
loose nut or a broken pinion to tax men- 
tal and physical resources. The thresh- 
ing of grain by the old, old process of 
trampling with oxen on the threshing 
floor has no charm or power to awaken 
into activity the constructive talent lying 
dormant in. the youthful mind. The les- 
son of lifting grain to a higher platform 
or awaiting a stronger breeze to blow the 
chaff from the falling grain is simplicity 
itself when compared with a modern fan- 
ning mill. The narrow scope of village 
life brings the boy or girl of thirteen to 
a point where little can be learned of the 
things which brighten and ennoble life. 
Then comes, if it has not already begun, 
the period of struggle for existence; for 
the girl the agonies and crosses of moth- 
erhood or the still more terrible trials of 
widowhood. For the youth there may be 
better toil in practical bondage to others 
or a no less burdensome and profitless life 
on lines of his own choosing. The pre- 
maturely aged at fifty have the mental 
structure of the child of thirteen, except 
there be added the knowledge of evil, of 
the bitterness of defeat or the still more 
blighting knowledge growing out of suc- 
cess in intrigue, treachery, deceit and dis- 
honesty. I write not of all but of multi- 
tudes; not of those who rise to the top 
or those who help make and then fail to 
enforce good laws, but those to whom 
Longfellow's phrase "dumb driven cat- 
tle" very aptly applies. 

We are learning to bear in mind that 
what will uplift these depressed masses 
will elevate all above them. Is there a 
method of education that will lay hold of 
them and lift with a force they cannot 
comprehend but will nevertheless wel- 
come ? They hunger for material better- 
ment. They greatly need the uplift of 
new emotions from within, for in a true 
sense they must work out their own sal- 
vation, but these new aspirations must be 
from seeds of our planting. How have 
these masses gjained knowledge? Mainly 
by seeing things done and imitating the 
doer of them. 

The farmer, the carpenter, shoemaker, 
blacksmith, tailor, etc., never teach their 



craft or art as we understand teaching. 
''Do as I do" is the sum and substance of 
their instruction. Has the church set for 
its missionaries the task of educating the 
people of India by the thousand only? 
Or is its aim to educate the millions in 
the things that make for noble and right 
living? If this last, we must wisely 
combine the education they want and 
that grips them with that which is taken 
with more or less doubts and fears as to 
its inherent worth. The plowman will 
walk miles to see a better plough and 
that plough will grip him with hooks of 
steel. The secret that makes a field of 
grain far better than his, he will hunger 
for and go far to learn. The man that 
will tell him how to feed himself with 
less of agonizing toil is the man he wants 
to meet and sit down and talk with as 
friend with friend. The Christians of 
India must be taught and thus be enabled 
to teach others the things for which the 
masses of India hunger; or for which 
they will hunger as soon as their dormant 
faculties are given a glimpse of its bene- 
ficial influence. In Kolar our work seems 
to center in industrio-educational work. 
We believe it one of the best means of 
reaching and uplifting the masses, fit 
them for, and pave the way for really 
successful lives. We are teaching stu- 
dents not only the knowledge gleaned 
from books, but also how to plough, sow 
and reap; how to work in wood, stone 
and iron ; how to carve out by their own 
efforts life's best, sweetest, brightest pos- 
sibilities for themselves and others. This 
is the hardest kind of educational work. 
It combines the difficulties of the average 
school room with all those of shop and 
farm. But it pays, for it lifts broadly 
and mightily. It not only lifts from the 
bottom up but its magnetic influence 
grips powerfully all classes. There is 
now a new India and an old India. Old 
India still sleeps. The new India, many 
millions strong, is younir, powerful and 
wide awake. In a whole-hearted way 
and with intensity of purpose it seeks 
those things that make for the betterment 
of all. It is the new India that wants 
industrio-educational work and will make 
it a power hitherto unrecognized except 
as seen dimly by a few. 



MISSIONS 



17 



I greatly desire the attention of men 
of means whose business instinct quickly 
discerns the logic of current events and 
who act promptly and to the point. No 
less do I desire the ear of young men of 
great diversity of gifts; laymen or clergy- 
men with an instinct for mechanical 
work; for the details of large business 
enterprise and so filled with love for In- 
dia that they will dedicate their lives to 
its redemption in this line of work. 
There are times when it is more im- 
portant to teach how to plough, sow and 
reap, how to forge steel or make a chair, 
than to teach multiplication tables. 

I cannot get away from the conviction 
that God is calling me to ask the busi- 
ness men of England and America to 
raise a fund of one million dollars for 
Industrio-Educational work in India. 

It is perhaps incumbent on me at this 
juncture to suggest this million dollar 
fund may well be interdenominational. It 
should be administered by a strong Board 
or Q)mmission composed of representa- 
tives of such societies as give promise 
of doing effective work. A careful study 
should be made of the whole field with 
an eye to present and future needs. 

I plead that it should be borne in mind 
constantly that the work is first, last and 
always educational. This should be so 
emphasized as to debar all thought of 
commercialism just as definitely as does 
the training of the school systems of 
any country. At the same time, in the 
methods of training, the material worth, 
as represented by the cash value of the 
work accomplished, should be kept in 
mind so persistently as to correct the all 
too prevalent trend of thought that keeps 
the eye on what is received for service 
rather than the fair equation of service 
rendered for the wages received. In all 
this my eye is fixed on the practical value 
in building up character and instilling all 
that makes up a full, rounded manhood 
through the process of thousands of boys 
and girls, young men and young women 
working their way as far as possible 
through school and developing their own 
as well as the nation's latent resources. 
Because India's people are a pastoral peo- 
ple it will be important that every in- 
dustrio-cducational center should have 



more or less extensive gardens, orchards 
and farms where the latest and best of 
knowledge bearing on these lines can be 
taught. Improved methods of fertiliza- 
tion of worn out or heavily cropped soil 
and of irrigation are two fundamental 
needs of India to-day. 

Each industrio - educational center 
should also have workshops in which 
both primary and advanced training 
should be given in the trades and me- 
chanical arts which the need of the local- 
ity may make advisable. 

The time is ripe for large plans. Mis- 
sionaries have been learning by many and 
varied experiences what to do and what 
not to do. The latter lesson is no less 
important than the former. We need 
$1,000,000 to lift our work on this line 
out of its experimental stage and make 
the effort worthy of the intense, far-see- 
ing, cosmopolitan methods of churches 
that hold an abundance of wealth and 
have trained some of the greatest minds 
and set in motion some of the most po- 
tent forces of the world's history. 

I believe this million could be so ex- 
pended that government would duplicate 
the expenditure. That would ensure a 
great work. 

Does some one say this is asking over- 
much for one phase of the work ? I sub- 
mit it is not for one phase of the work 
but a corrective agency or influence for 
the life-flood that flows through all de- 
partments of the work. Do this and all 
else will be easier and better. Is this ap- 
peal premature? Then is the Laymen's 
Movement premature! I am persuaded 
laymen are ready to respond to this ap- 
peal if we in the mission field widely en- 
dorse the plan. 

MISSIONARY BAWDEN's ENDORSEMENT 

Rev. S. D. Bawden, our industrial 
superintendent in Ongole, who has been 
prosecuting this work with vigor and 
success, writes in endorsement of the 
general plan. He says: "Mr. HoUister 
is the missionary in charge of the Kolar 
Normal and Training Institute, and has 
for a good many years been working at 
the problem of industrial education here 
in India. His suggestion of $1,000,000 
for industrial education souuds UVft v^tor. 



18 



MISSIONS 



of the letters I have already written in 
regard to our work; for the work is one 
whether it be done by the Methodists in 
Kolar or by the Baptists in Ongole, and 
his suggestion of a united effort along the 
line of industrial education for the sake 
of the uplift of the people of India is 
one that appeals to me very strongly. 
The thing that I am most anxious to do 
is to 6nd just what we ought to do in 



order that I may be able to say to the 
people at home that we have a plan that 
is feasible, and workable, and sensible, 
and then I feel sure that they will be 
ready to support It for the sake of the 
Master and for the sake of the people of 
India. I am hopeful that our new In- 
dustrial Missionary Association may be 
a help in securing such an agency for the 
advancement of the work. 



A Model Village Church 

By Rev. Frank Kurtz, Madira, South India 



AVING had to look after 
the station of a brother 
missionary while he was on 
furlough, and then to build 
a bungalow in my own sta- 
tion, two years had passed 
since I had last seen the vil- 
lage. Meanwhile cholera 
had visited the place and a number of the 
Christians had died. Still worse, a 
heathen priest had taken advantage of 
the general fear and led astray several, 
and some of these had been excluded. 
There had also been frequent quarrels 
and the pastor himself had been under 
discipline and had finally left the village. 
His son, who had built up a good school, 
had also left for the Training School in 
Bapatla. The new teacher who was sent 
to take his place left for pastures new 
after only a brief stay. Under the cir- 
cumstances, the missionary approaching 
this village did not have very high antic- 
ipations. In fact, it seemed to resemble 
quite closely some of the churches about 
which Paul writes in Corinthians. 

On arrival I was much surprised to 
find the chapel schoolhouse in excellent 
repair and giving evidence of a recent 
coat of whitewash. In another village 
not far away, the chapel built at the same 
time had been allowed to fall into ruins. 
Here an English-speaking teacher was 
at work trjing to reorganize the school, 
^ and already a number of the caste boys 



were attending to learn English. The 
chapel is located in a little compound by 
itself between the Christian hamlet and 
the caste part of the village. The vil- 
lagers were all speaking of the "ish- 
school," as the Telugus call it. At the 
service on Sunday the chapel was well 
filled, and if all the hamlet had been 
Christian it would not have been large 
enough to hold them. 

At the close of the service we found 
there were some candidates for baptism. 
Four of these came from a nearby 
heathen hamlet. The elders of the 
church had brought them and also sev- 
eral women from their own community. 
After the baptisms the church assembled 
again in the evening for the communion. 

On Monday, among the many things 
needing adjustment we found that a vil- 
lage oflicial was encroaching upon the 
Christians' cemetery and trying to plow 
a part of it up for a rice field. After 
considerable effort and much talking an 
arrangement was made suiting both par- 
ties. The church is very far from being 
an ideal one, but it is a model church in 
that it is alive and working amidst such 
adverse circumstances. In many respects 
it would be more gratifying to see a 
church whose pastor was always faith- 
ful, and the people pious, hut it is rather 
the church described above that gives 
promise of the conquest of India for 
Christ 



MISSIONS 



Vacation Bible Schools 

By Rev. E. A. Harrar 

CHAIRMAN OF COMMITTEE CONDUCTING THE PHILADELPHIA WORK 



THE church fully 
aroused to the 
need of interesting, 
winning and holding 
the boys and girls in 
the Bible school and 
for the church, is ready 
to hail with delight 
any legitimate and practical movement 
which ministers to this end. Such an 
agency, which has made its appearance in 
the past few years and is rapidly spread- 
ing through our great cities is "The 
Daily Vacation Bible School." As the 
name would indicate, they are opened 
in vacation time, in the months of July 
and August, for six weeks, five days a 
week, 9 to 11.30 A. M. each day. 

A DISTINCTION 

A sharp distinction must be drawn be- 
tween the vacation Bible school and the 
summer schools which are conducted in 
public school yards, and under the direc- 
tion of the Board of Education, or other 
such agencies. These do provide the 
children with amusement and industrial 
instruction, but they bar out that which. 



in the judgment of the advocates of the 
other type of school, is the essential 
thing, the use of the Bible, and religious 
(not sectarian) and moral instruction. 
There is no place in the public school for 
such instruction, and with the wide dif- 
fusion of literature calculated to dull the 
sense of God and blight the developing 
character, a few minutes once a week in 
the Sunday school arc not sufficient to 
implant that seed which brings a harvest 
of righteousness. Therefore we believe 
there is an unparalleled opportunity for 
the church to devote six weeks every 
summer to this work. The boys and 
girls in China and India, on the frontier, 
and in the slums need our money and our 
effort, but not to the utter neglect of our 
own boys and girls. It is the church's op- 
portunity to win their admiration, their 
love, their cooperation. The church is 
the rightful and only agency that can 
conduct a vacation Bible school. 

OBJECTS DIRECTLY ACCOMPLISHED 

/. In the lives of the Children : 

1. For a period every day they arc 
taken from the baneful influences of the 



MISSIONS 



street and kept in contact with those 
whose lives are dean, helpful, and inspir- 
ing. 

2. Truth is pcrmanentl}' embedded 
in their memory and heart by means of 
song, prayer, Bible and verse, and simple 
talks. 

5. They are encouraged to be indus- 
trious, using spare moments in making 
from inexpensive material little trinkets 
for ornamentation, or articles of useful- 

4. They are taught by precept and 
example habits of cleanliness of person, 
dress, and speech. 

5. They are taught new, helpful 
games, and in these games — in fact, 
throughout the day, at work or play — 
how to remember and exercise the 
Golden Rule. 

6. They arc taught the lesson in a 
language which cannot be disputed that 
the church of the Lord Jesus is their best 
friend; that she does not exist for her- 
self, but for others; that she receives but 
to pass on as a faithful servant. 



//. In the lives of the Parents: 

1. The busy mother is relieved of 
anxiety as to the safety of the children, 
and when they return to her she becomes 
a sharer in the good cheer of the morn- 
ing. For example, in one of the sdmols 
the opening song every morning was, "I 
am so glad that Jesus loves me." The 
children went home to sing that song, 
and to have scores of mothers join in 
singing until throughout the town it 
could be heard day after day. 

3. It engenders a spirit of good-will 
toward the church conducting the work. 
It has opened many a closed door and 
established a bond of fellowship and 
been the instrument of leading parents to 
Christ. Scores of lapsed Christians, too, 
have been won back to the church, and 
the whole church fired with missionary 
zeal. 

///. It) the lives of the Workers: 

1. These are usually young Chris- 
tians, and there is no better place to 
practise the graces which come with the 



MISSIONS 



new birth than in these schools. Patience, 
good humor, wisdom, gentleness, love. 
The fact of standing as examples of 
Christianity before the children and the 
consciousness that Jesus will be exalted 
or dishonored, as the worker succeeds or 
fails in presenting him aright, will gird 
the life of every worthy worker with 
watchfulness over word and action, and 
will do much in fixing a beautiful char- 
acter. 

2. It gives opportunity for the study 
of boys and girls at close range, and at a 
time when they are not under the restric- 
tions which seem to prevail on Sunday 
in the Bible school, or in the ordinary day 
school; and thus the worker becomes bet- 
ter prepared to deal with the child as 
a tcadier in the Bible school. 

3. It brings out what is in the work- 
er in the way of tact, ingenuity, adapta- 
bility, and talents, thus helping many 
young people to find themselves. 

In Inicf, an aroused community whose 
doon arc wide open to the pastor of the 
church and his helpers. 

An enlarged Bible school ; in one case 
from an average attendance of 165 to 
277 in four years, and in every case ad- 
ditions in proportion to the follow-up 
work. 



An awakened church membership. 

THE METHOD 

/. Workers. At the head of each 
school is a young man studying for the 
ministry, who receives $100 for eight 
weeks' work. ( In the Philadelphia 
schools, Crozer men have been used and 
President Milton G. Evans has paid one- 
half of the above amount). His first 
helper is one acquainted with kindergar- 
ten work. Then as many volunteer help- 
ers as the church can provide. Thus 
binding the local church closely to the 
work. The student goes on the field one 
week before tlie scliool opens, visits the 
neighborhood, trains his helpers, etc. At 
the expiration of the six weeks' school, 
he visits every home from which the chil- 
dren hxve come and on the back of the 
child's registration card makes a note of 
such information as will help the pastor 
in future work. 

//, Daily Program. Opening at 9 
o'clock, the first thirty-five minutes are 
spent in a gospel service, singing gospel 
songs committed to memory, reciting 
passages of Scripture, prayer and Bible 

Following this, a work period, when 
they are taught all forms of kindergarten 



22 



MISSIONS 



work, reed and replica work, basketry, 
hammock making, sewing, knitting, hem- 
stitching, etc. Then follows a play 
period. The closing exercise consists in 
a review of a part of the opening exer- 
cise. 

///. Tke Cost. For a school of 200 
the entire cost including salaries, is about 
$160. The entire cost per child averaged 
57 cents and ten nationalities were 
reached. 

All material and industrial instruction 
books can be had of Milton Brady Com- 
pany, 1209 Arch Street, Philadelphia. 
Catalogue on application. Song books, 
Bible story books, etc., at American Bap- 
tist Publication Society, 1701 Chestnut 
Street, Philadelphia, 



THE WORK IS BAPTIST CHUKCHE5 IN PBIU- 
DELFHIA, SEASON 1910 

Conducted under auspices of the B. Y. 
P. U.: 

Number of schools 14 

Boys enrolled 1,399 

Girls 2^ 3,436 

Total attendance, 30 days 42,358 

Homes visited 1,559 

Workers: Paid 29 

Volunteers 160 189 

Attending two-thirds of the time of en- 
rolment, and given a free outing, 18 

From eight to twenty hymns were 
committed to memory, besides thirty 
passages of Scripture by all the children 
and over 2,000 additional passages in the 
various schools. 



THIS WORK IS DONE IN NEW YORK, AND SHOULD BE 
DONE IN EVERY CITY AND TOWN THE COUNTRY OVER 



MISSIONS 



A Day With "Glad Tidings" 

By Sophie Bronson Titterington 



the heart of the Big Horn 
3asir, Wyoming, lies the 
ittlc town of Powell, the 
leadquarters of the govern- 
ncnt's great Shoshone irri- 
3tion project. In every di- 
ection from the town lie 
tertile fields, young orchards 
and the beginnings of many homes. The 
refreshing green of the cultivated lands 
is a vivid contrast to the dun gray of the 
surrounding desert. No matter in what 
direction the eye may turn, majestic 
mountains, the loftiest peaks crowned 
widi perpetual snow, range upon range, 
meet the vision. They form a gigantic 
barrier, guarding the broad Basin from 
the unbroken force of the winter tem- 
pests. To a reverent heart, they sug- 
gest the words of Holy Writ: "As the 
mountains are roundabout Jerusalem, so 
the Lord is roundabout His people, from 
henceforth and even forever." 

Sidetracked in the little town on that 
memorable Sunday, stood the beautiful 
chapel car "Glad Tidings." For nearly 
four weeks it had been a center of 
blessed influences. Not only had souls 
been won for the Master, but scattered 
Baptists, newcomers to this land of op- 
portunity, had found within it a holy 
reminder of old church homes and their 



associations. This Sabbath day had been 
set apart for gathering results and or- 
ganizing a Baptist church, which should 
include in its membership all the Bap- 
tists on the Shoshone project. 

It was a beautiful, ideal midsummer 
Sunday, seeming to have been vouchsafed 
for this gathering of the Baptist clans. 
From far and near they came, and at 
the morning service the car was crowd- 
ed. The workers whom God had used 
so blessedly — Rev. and Mrs. Eugene A, 
Spear, in charge of the car, and Rev. H, 
B. Foskett, pastor- a t-large for Northern 
Wyoming, — -were fairly radiant with the 
joy of this harvest time. Mr. and Mrs. 
Spear voiced the swelling emotions in 
uplifting song, or led the jubilant chorus 
of the congregation in the sweet old 
gospel hymns. Flowers, rare indeed in 
the new land, crowned the organ, and 
the very atmosphere proclaimed the occa- 
sion a sacred festival. 

A strong, grand sermon by the pas- 
tor-missionary struck a lofty keynote for 
the new organization. A basket dinner 
provided an opportunity for happy. 
Christian sociability, and made those 
who had been strangers, brethren and 
sisters beloved. In the early afternoon 
followed the formal organization service. 
Fifty names were enrolled as charter 



24 



MISSIONS 



members of the new pioneer organiza- 
tion, which bears the name of the Pow- 
ell Valley Baptist Church. All ages 
were represented, A strong band of stal- 
wart young men, and intelligent, enter- 
prising men and women, beside a hope- 
ful contingent from among the boys and 
girls, form an almost ideal combination 
for future growth and power. 

The crowning event of the day was 
the baptismal service. The baptistry was 
the wild, beautiful Shoshone River, prob- 
ably the first time its waters were ever 
used for this impressive, symbolic rite. 
In its hurrying course from its moun- 
tain source to the thirsty, waiting plains 
below, it found time to linger in a shel- 
tered spot, spreading into a quiet pool, 
overhung by great trees. A drive of 
three miles and a walk of a mile and a 
half brought the assembly to a beautiful 
beach with rapids below as the river hur- 
ried on its beneficent mission. The over- 
hanging trees formed a green background 
to the scene ; curtains were stretched for 
dressing rooms, and the assembled com- 
pany numbered not less than one hun- 
dred and fifty. Seven candidates await- 
ed the ordinance, and as the evangelist 
led them into the rippling waters, and 
laid them beneath the waves, the hearts 
of parents and friends were thrilled with 



a solemn joy. Those who had prayed 
with aching hearts that the salvation of 
God might come to this new land, where 
the forces of evil had so intrenched 
themselves, felt almost like Simeon of 
old. One of the privileged ones who 
this day put on Christ by baptism was a 
woman who for years had denied her- 
self this privilege because her husband 
ridiculed and opposed her in making a 
profession of her faith. To her, this 
scene seemed like that where our Sa- 
viour was baptized, and certainly the 
topography of the land was similar, and 
the rushing waters no less swift. Two 
young women were from homes where 
the parents are not Christians, and their 
hearts were filled with longing to win 
the parents to this new and wonderful 
joy they had recently experienced. There 
were a brother and sister who had been 
believers for some time, but had never 
before had the opportunity to confess 
Christ; the mother an earnest Christian, 
the father on the shore, making light of 
the scene. Another brother and sister, 
the latter with a peculiar joy shining out 
through her face, this being the first time 
she had ever witnessed a baptism, went 
forward. There was also a young lad 
whose natural fear of the water had kept 
him back until that morning from offer- 



MISSIONS 



25 



ing himself as a candidate. As he rose 
from the liquid grave, he said to the 
evangelist, "I feel so much better, 1 
know He will help me." 

A prayer of thanksgiving to the Mas- 
ter who had made this scene possible, and 
the song, "Shall we gather at the Riv- 
er?" sung from full hearts, many shed- 
ding tears of joy, closed the scenes of 
this impressive and wonderful day. 

At the evening service in the car, a 
young man who had been especially help- 
ful at the services at the river, and who 
had been converted during the preceding 



week, rose, and in a tone of deep earnest- 
ness said: 

"I want to tell you that if you bap- 
tize again before you leave, 1 am ready. 
I ought to have told you so this morn- 
ing, and when the other boys were being 
baptized, I felt heart-sick that I was 
not one of the number." 

Thus we have pictured one day in 
the work of one chapel car in the fron- 
tier country. Can any one measure 
the good that eternity will reveal as ac- 
complished through this single agency of 
evangelization ? 



Evangelism in Connecticut 

By Rev. Clifton K. Flanders, State Evangelist 



very many people the 
work of an evangelist sug- 
gests but one thing, namely, 
the salvation of sinners. 
But to the Baptists of Con- 
necticut, whose ears have 
been accustomed to the 
word evangelism and whose 
hearts have ever been open to its gracious 
influences, the idea of a revival of re- 
ligion is as broadly comprehensive as the 
ancient festivals of the Hebrew people, 
as scientific as the latest discovery or the 
coming of spring, and as logical as 
Shakespeare's conclusion, "Now is the 
winter of our discontent made glorious 
summer." 

Under the writer's observation, to 
many a church has a series of evangelistic 
meetings meant all this-^a festival, 



"I feel that I am pastor of a new 
church." While one other says, "The 
increase to the working force of my 
church is fully fifty per cent." These 
expressions, unsolicited, from among the 
many show the value which some pastors 
place upon this work in its constructive 
character and wider scope. 

Not all the small churches are weak 
and not all the large ones are strong. It 
is seldom for one, and often not for a 
few, to determine what is the greatest 
need for a revival in a church. That 
congregation which eagerly filled the 
offering plates again and again at a re- 
cent service had a revival of giving. Some 
churches need this and also a revival of 
/or-giving, a revival of love, a revival of 
the prayer-meeting with its genuine peti- 
nd cheerful testimony. And it goes 
: saying that we all need the re- 
nd a reemphasis of 



covery, a new lite and the warmth of 

"glorious summer," but also very much newing of the v 

more. One pastor writes, "The benefits its application. 

from the meetings to my church and the Special meetings have been held in 

community cannot be reckoned up." An- many churches the past season which 

other states, "You have done my people were not conducted by the convention's 

incalculable good." Still another writes, representatives. Several of the pastors 



26 



MISSIONS 



have exchanged with each other in the 
conducting of services to gratifying out- 
come. Some others have done their own 
preaching, and had the aid of a gospel 
singer. Others still have united in call- 
ing to their help a general evangelist 
with associates. Quite a number of re- 
quests were responded to by our State 
Secretary, Dr. Coats, and Colporter 
Newton. These are spoken of as pro- 
ductive of excellent results. 

Twelve churches have invited the State 
Evangelist to conduct missions with them 
during the season. Some of these have 
been at the centres with both large and 
small churches, and others in remote sec- 
tions of the country far from railway 
communication; one of the latter fields 
requiring a drive of fourteen miles by 
stage to reach it. 

It is refreshing to observe the genuine 
interest in the gospel which is awakened 
by the direct presentation of it, whether 
in the densely populated city or in the 
sparsely settled country. And it is again 
gratifying to notice that among those 
who respond to the claims of Christ are 
found representatives of all classes and 
ages. Some have passed the allotted age, 
to find at last the light that "never shone 
on sea or land" ; while others with sweet 
young faces bright with life's expectancy 
have dedicated whole lives to Jesus as 
Saviour. 

To one who has had an opportunity 
to observe conditions from the standpoint 
of evangelism, too much emphasis cannot 
be placed upon the value to the churches 
remote from the centres and therefore 
deprived from sharing in the larger re- 
ligious movements of a plan of operation 
through the Convention and Home Mis- 
sion Society, whereby these churches may 
have the benefit of the same forces and 
helpful ministries that are utilized by 
the larger and better equipped fields. 
Through the State Evangelist, with the 
moral and financial backing of the de- 
nomination, the smallest of our churches 
can have the benefits, with accompanying 
accessories, of a full evangelistic cam- 
paign. 

There are few churches that do not 
have a welcome for the accredited evan- 
gelist. The fear of questionable methods 



of appeal, exaggerated statement, undue 
attack upon the emotions, and the over- 
turn of constructive teaching, is giving 
place to a genuine respect for New Tes- 
tament evangelism. That the perfervid 
utterances and methods of scismatics still 
continue does not deter the churches 
from giving its proper place to a whole- 
some and necessary fervor. The presence 
of the Holy Spirit is not denied simply 
because its simulation leads some people 
into disorder. Wisdom, cheer and com- 
fort come from "His face" in these sea- 
sons of refreshing. 

The methods used in these missions are 
very simple and the machinery at a mini- 
mum and in the background. Five points 
are emphasized in all this work: 1. Pray- 
er: Small circles of prayer in homes at 
daily stated hours; preparatory prayer- 
meetings before each general service; 
prayer slips to be returned to the pastor 
with namfes of unsaved people for whom 
interest is felt; prayer lists to be kept be- 
fore the Lord of Harvest in increasing 
numbers; prayer in the larger meetings; 
often a simultaneous prayer from many 
lips. 2. Proclamation: The very best 
that God can help us to give. 3. Praise : 
We make much of song in the meetings. 
Usually a good chorus is gathered to 
strengthen this feature of the work. So- 
los, duets and other musical numbers arc 
often introduced. 4. Confession: Gen- 
erally at every service opportunity for a 
silent or brief two-word testimony. 5. 
Immediate obedience to the commands of 
Christ in the forward steps of the Chris- 
tian life. 

It is blessed to see men and women in 
mature life, young men and women, and 
boys and girls, surrendering their wills 
and lives to the Saviour ; it is good to see 
the churches take on new courage and 
strength ; it is comforting to share in the 
new thrill of joy and hope which comes 
to the pastors; and there is great com- 
pensation in the approval of one's breth- 
ren ; but in the last analysis the Word is 
our greatest assurance. Paul said that 
God gave evangelists to the churches. To 
feel that one is a gift of God to these 
churches, that He not only permits but 
sanctions the undertaking, is supreme ap- 
proval. 



MISSIONS 



An Open World 

IN 1800 the continent of Asia, the con- 
tinent of Africa, the archipelagoes of 
the Pacific, were closed to Protestant 
Christianity. In 1793 Wm. Carey land- 
ed in Bengal. He journeyed to India in 
a Danish vessel, because the British East 
India Company allowed no missionaries 
to travel by their ships. For the same 
reason in 1807 Robert Morrison sailed 
for China in an American vessel. 

British India was forbidden territory, 
so Carey lived long under Danish protec- 
tion at Serampur, China was locked and 
double-locked, so Morrison took up his 
residence on neutral ground, in "the fac- 
tories" or trading settlements of Canton. 
Japan's enfranchisement was more than 
half a century in the future ; Korea'ssleep 
was to be undisturbed for more than 
eighty years. In 1812 Judson was re- 
fused permission to land at Calcutta, and 
so turned toward Burma and took refuge 
in Rangoon. In 1817 Robert Moffat in- 
augurated his work in South Africa and 
John Williams, the martyr-missionary of 
Polynesia, began his heroic voyages 
among the islands of the sea. In the 
entire heathen world, 100 years ago, 
there were one hundred foreign mission- 
aries, half as many mission stations, and 
perhaps a thousand native converts. 

Fifty years later Japan and Korea 
were still hermit nations ; vast territories 
in India and Africa were utterly un- 
touched by Christianity, and feeble be- 
ginnings had only just been made in 
China, and were confined to the five 
treaty ports. So the history of missions 



is chiefly the record of fifty brief years, 
less than a single lifetime. 

To-day the entire eastern world, the 
erstwhile dark continent, and the thou- 
sand scattered islands of the Indian and 
Pacific oceans, are sown broadcast with 
Christian influences. There are 6.000 
mission stations, most of them very 
well equipped and vigorously directed. 
There are 16,000 missionaries and nearly 
100,000 mission workers, native and for- 
eign. There arc two million native 
Christians. The preparatory work has 
been done. Foundations have everywhere 
been laid. The Scriptures have been 
translated into hundreds of languages 
and dialects. Hospitals, dispensaries, 
schools, colleges, printing establishments 
abound in nil lands. The pioneer period 
has closed. The age of progress and con- 
quest has begun. 

A BOND OF UNION 

The missionary enterprise occupies a 
unique position in foreign lands. It is a 
silent but mighty agency of reconciliation 
among the nations of the earth. Be- 
tween the representatives of foreign pow- 
ers, both political and mercantile, and the 
natives, there is a great gulf fixed. No 
man knows the native as the missionary 
docs. In order that the peoples of east- 
ern lands may be understood and influ- 
enced, three conditions must be met. The 
foreigner must speak the language of the 
natives. He must live amongst them. He 
must be ruled by an unselfish motive in 
his dealings with them. The merchant 
rarely fulfils more than the first of these 
conditions, and that one only in part. 
With the diplomat the case is the same. 



28 



MISSIONS 



The traveling journalist or tourist fulfils 
none of the conditions. The missionary 
fulfils them all. 

He interprets the West to the East, 
the East to the West. He is the living 
link between the highest Christian gifts 
and graces and the profoundest heathen 
need. He talks with the people in their 
own tongue. He lives with them. He 
lives for them. 

THE SCOPE OF MODERN MISSIONS 

Foreign missions is a reform agency, a 
philanthropic force, a healing ministry, a 
moral crusade, a cultural propaganda, 
and a regenerative spirit. This large en- 
terprise, with its world-sweeping vision 
and the swing of its lofty purposes, rein- 
forces all humane activities. Whether it 
be foot-binding in China, child-marriage 
in India, outrageous cruelties on the Con- 
go, loose morals in Japan, political cor- 
ruption in Korea, slavery in Zanzibar, 
cannibalism in Tierra del Fuego, infanti- 
cide in the South Seas, sorcery in New 
Guinea, or primitive savagery in Barotsi- 
land, whether it be sin or sickness, ignor- 
ance or poverty, vice or lawlessness, the 
foreign missionary is ever the valiant 
warrior, the herald of truth, the knight 
of the white cross, the dauntless foe of 
every evil thing. 

Foreign missions is a personal force. 
Its aims are always eminently practical. 
It has millions of the best men and wom- 
en in the world behind it. Its unity of 
aim, its variety of interests, its unceasing 
labors, its amazing effectiveness, its abun- 
dant fruitfulness, and its ever-enlarging 
scope of effort, make it supreme among 
world energies. 

Commendable Carefulness 

The Canadian government is much 
more careful than ours in respect to the 
quality of immigration which it admits. 
A writer in the London Times says that 
fully one hundred . thousand persons are 
expected to leave the United Kingdom for 
Canada this year, in addition to the large 
numbers who will go thither from the 
United States and other countries. The 
British contingent, he says, will be com- 
Dosed in great part of well-to-do people. 



The total direct transfer of money by 
the one hundred thousand immigrants is 
expected to be not less than from $^,- 
000,000 to $25,000,000. More than that, 
in many cases the old folks left behind 
will aid the settlers in the new world 
until they get established. This will 
mean a great gain to the Dcmiinion; a 
very different gain from that which the 
United States will receive from a million 
of immigrants from Italy and Russia, 
who will bring not only far less money 
but a very different character and train- 
ing; and who will help still more to 
drive the American farmers in the north- 
west and far west across the borders into 
Canada. We are the losers all the way 
around by this sort of transfer, whidi is 
constantly going on. Canada scrutinizes 
carefully those who come in from the old 
world, and makes it plain in advance that 
certain elements need not apply. It seems 
almost hopeless to talk about more salu- 
tary restriction laws for the United 
States, in spite of the very plain proofs 
that under our present laws we are not 
able to keep out the insane, the criminal, 
the undesirable from the money or moral 
point of view. The creation of a sane 
public sentiment upon this question is one 
of the important tasks set before us. The 
whole matter must be lifted out of poli- 
tics, to begin with, and be held as one 
of national concern rather than one of 
votes. Canada is setting us a good ex- 
ample of proper self-preservation and in- 
terest. 

 
The Work Demands the Best 

The London Spectator quotes the re- 
mark of a Chinese student that to avoid 
misunderstanding it might be well for 
England to send better educated men and 
women to his country as missionaries. 
Without any reflection upon the charac- 
ter or acquirements of the missionaries 
that have been sent out from England or 
other lands to China, there is no doubt 
that the very highest type of trained and 
talented men and women are required for 
the work that is to be done in the new 
China. All missionary boards understand 
this. Not every student volunteer can 
be accepted at once by the boards. The 
call of the foreign field is for the best. 



MISSIONS 



The Downtown Church 

By E. P. Farnham, D.D. 

SECRETARY OF THE CHURCH EXTENSION SOCIETY OF BROOKLYN 



N every hand is recognized 
the very serious problem of 
the downtown church. The 
problem is diverse. Sec- 
tions of our great cities, up- 
town and downtown, arc 
subject to swift invasion of 
foreigners i n astonishing 
numbers. Hence it comes to pass, in the 
brief period of two or three years, that 
the character of a large community is 
distinctly changed. For example, within 
a few years two foreign invasions — a He- 
brew and an Italian — have changed the 
face of nature in the Harlem district of 
Manhattan. The far uptown region that 
a few years ago was the mecca for well- 
toilo Protestant families and enterpris- 
ing Protestant family churches, now finds 
itself face to face with the downtown 
problem. Borough Park, a pleasant resi- 
dence suburb of Brooklyn four or five 
miles south of Borough Hall, acquiring 
a thriving Protestant population of five 
or six thousand by 1906, with promising 
outloolc for five or six Protestant churches, 
by 1909 finds itself about one-third He- 



brew, well distributed, with an Italian 
colony pressing hard on one side. One 
Protestant minister sets out to make the 
acquaintance of his new neighbors on 
either side, finds them both to be culti- 
vated Hebrews, with a stranger waiting 
to be introduced to him — another He- 
brew, hat and purse in hand, asking if 
the parsonage is for sale. 

The term downtown then is an idle 
misnomer. The church that we arc dis- 
cussing is more numerous in the Bronx, 
north of the Harlem River, than in lower 
Manhattan south of Canal street; is just 
as easily found ten miles out from the 
city hall as in the older parts of any of 
our great cities. The modern downtown 
church is the church facing all town prob- 
lems. It is letting go, rather than dis- 
missing to regions beyond and parts un- 
known, not a few of its staunchest mem- 
bers; it is revealing on its church and 
Bible school rolls a more or less intimate 
touch with five or six nationalities or 
tongues ; it is ceaselessly troubled to know 
how to maintain its budgets for benefi- 
cence and current expenses; it U vn 



MISSIONS 



ir over the modern and 
ving demand for cntertain- 
asure for their own sake; 
quiems and miserere chants 
ne of puritanical positive- 
endeavoring to be serene 
I in the presence of an in- 
d absenteeism often posi- 
:ening. 

"all-over-town" downtown 
conditions that cause dis- 
acute in one location than 
Tt the factors of foreign 
:ustoms and the exceeding 
orking them all into a spir- 
losaic, the swift and radical 
ivironment and sustaining 
the disregard for former 
^rangelistic appeal, the easy 
cience releasing from church 
le magnificent distances and 
e, strength and many five- 
order to reach the familiar 
rship — these and doubtless 
are present and active and 
he majority of our city 
he strong family church, 
nd homogeneous congrega- 
le school, maintaining with 
budgets and demands for 
; home and abroad, is a rare 
he last quarter-century ex- 
ir great cities. 

le modern church adapting 
nged and changing condi- 
t is the estimated value of 
>loyed? Questions on this 
sent to experienced work- 
i and settlement, and their 
here gratefully acknowl- 

VALUE OF METHODS 

said in fidelity to the truth 
ciation of efforts put forth: 
ids of work employed abun- 
given of the possible adapta- 
Christian church to chang- 
ts and of the devotion and 

few of its members. Wit- 
3wing scheme outlined and 
mges in operation in an in- 
ch or church mission house : 

ncnt for men and women: 
lip and evangelistic service; 
lay afternoons; open-air ser- 



vices; Bible classes; house-to-house visi- 
tation; people's drawing-room; pleasant 
Monday evenings; workingmen's club; 
labor bureau; penny bank; sick benefit so- 
ciety; Christmas club; mothers* meetings; 
medical mission or dispensary; distribu- 
tion of food; general relief committee; 
rummage sales; choirs, orchestra and 
band. 

II. Department for young men: Bible 
classes; study classes; choir and orches- 
tra; reading room and library; lectures, 
essays, debates, etc.; gymnasium and ath- 
letic clubs; labor bureau; lookout commit- 
tee and look-up committee. 

III. Department for young women and 
girls: Girls* parlor; Bible class; mando- 
lin club; singing class or choir; cooking 
class; sewing and millinery classes; lit- 
erary classes. 

IV. Department for boys : Bible classes; 
singing classes; boys' choir, fife and drum 
corps; boys' brigade; gymnasium and ath- 
letic drill; first aid to injured; outdoor 
games; cross-country walks and runs; 
summer camp; summer garden. 

V. Department for younger boys and 
grirls: Bible schools; junior society; 
lantern services; band of hope; children's 
play hour; country holiday fund; Christ- 
mas and other festivals. 

VI. Add to this scheme practical sug- 
gestions from other sources: (a) the 
grocery department, where — as at St. 
George's — groceries are sold at wholesale 
prices to the poor of the parish, and tem- 
porary help given when needed; (b) the 
Summer Fresh-Air Work of many city 
churches — a single church last summer 
sent 587 persons to its summer cottage, 
and through all the church and Christian 
agencies New York alone sends into the 
country forty or fifty thousand people 
every summer, softening the hearts of 
multitudes toward all religious givers and 
workers; (c) the Vacation Bible Schools, 
rendering a beautiful service and causi^ 
wonder that more unused churches are 
not thrown open for this ministry of col- 
lege men and women to the boys and 
girls thronging the city streets, and 
patrons more easily found; (d) the trade 
school and manual training school; (e) 
the day nursery; (f) the kindergarten, 
ranking with the nursery very high in 
practical service. 

It will be admitted that any downtown 
church attempting to minister vitally and 
sympathetically to its community in one- 
half of the methods above suggested can- 



MISSIONS 



31 



not be accused of indifference to the 
temporal or eternal welfare of human 
souls. 

A VARIED SERVICE 

What now is the estimated value of 
methods employed ? This value depends, 
be the methods simple or elaborate, upon 
the spirit and vision of the church and of 
the worker, and upon the efficiency with 
which the method is prosecuted. The 
value of an elaborate schedule of service 
artistically printed and artistically at- 
tached to the closed iron gate of a down- 
town church can be accurately estimated 
to be worse than worthless. It excites 
criticism to the point of contempt. It 
calls for profanity, not for prayer, and 
gets what it calls for. A good method 
becomes practically worthless through in- 
efficient handling. Of all the methods 
suggested few are of doubtful value when 
rightly employed. But the saving qual- 
ity of uncommon common-sense must be 
supplied. From the answers to the ques- 
tions concerning value of methods, these 
are selected out of a wide variety : 

1. Shall foreigners be brought into 
American churches immediately on their 
response to Christian appeal? Yes, if the 
American church is equal to the oppor- 
tunity, and if the foreigner is equal to the 
opportunity. But where there are gener- 
ous numbers of converted foreigners not 
yet speaking our language they will pre- 
fer to speak and hear the glad tidings in 
their own tongue. 

2. Do you favor teaching industrial 
arts, music, instrumental and vocal, to 
girls and boys? Yes, emphatically, and 
from many sources. 

3. How far would you go in popular- 
izing the Sunday night service? Far 
enough to really serve the people. That 
means a good deal farther than some 
preachers would go, who are character- 
ized as more anxious to save ancient 
forms of service than the souls of men. 

4. What best solves the problem for 
the downtown churches? (a) Nothing 
best solves the problem — it is still un- 
solved, (b) The warm right hand with a 
warmer heart in it. (c) No pains should 
be spared to make the church the center 
of the social life of the people. 

5. What method of endowment or per- 
manent financial support for the downtown 
work can you suggest? (a) Denomina- 



tional control and administration of en- 
dowment funds, (b) What I would like 
to see would be a fund given to a joint 
commission representing Protestantism, 
the income to be used for downtown 
work, the characteristics of which should 
be dignity in worship, devotion in ser- 
vice, and doggedness in persistence. "It's 
dogged as does it." 

NOT VET AWAKE TO THE NEED 

It is a serious fact that relatively few 
members of our city churches appreciate 
the call of the modern city to the Chris- 
tian church. In certain communions the 
call has uttered itself more convincingly 
than in others, and generous recognition 
should not be withheld where due. But 
speaking in respect to the wide field of 
possible ministry, comparatively few 
churches have responded to the call with 
that spirit of generosity and contagious 
enthusiasm that means victory. 

A sane writer, knowing from personal 
experience the field of which he is speak- 
ing, paints a vivid and true picture of 
many another church and downtown par- 
ish: "The pastor and the workers are 
alive to the opportunities and are in love 
with the work, but are greatly burdened 
and hampered because of a lack of funds 
and workers needed to cope even meas- 
urably with the demands of the situa- 
tion,*' Then he goes on to say what 
ought to be done: "The house ought to 
be kept open all day Sunday and every 
day in the week. All about are the at- 
tractions of brilliantly illuminated saloons 
and places of amusement. This corner 
ought to be made more attractive than 
any of them — a place of light and music 
as well as of prayer. The work should 
be so manned and organized that every 
phase of work possible in that location 
could be carried on systematically and 
with vigor. But the fringe of the possi- 
bilities has hardly been touched.^ 



>» 



A GREAT PLAN OUTLINED 

That describes literally the situation in 
our great cities. Scarcely touching the 
fringe of the possibilities. Methods have 
been discovered, employed, approved. But 
adequate resources are not forthcoming. 
Foundations for the investigation of the 
causes of poverty, for the culture of the 



32 



MISSIONS 



intellectual life, for experimentation in 
the fields of science aggregate many mil- 
lions of dollars. But foundations for 
specific religious work are yet wanting. 

I should like to see a few hard-headed 
and tender-hearted Christian stewards at- 
tack the problem of evangelizing our 
foreign population after this fashion: 
First of all, a very clean and decent tene- 
ment district provided, and kept clean. 
In this district, school privileges with 
provision for every real want from the 
nursery and kindergarten to the teaching 
of useful arts in the home and shops and 
store, remembering Colonel Parker's il- 
luminating motto that "The whole boy is 
to be sent to school." That means that 
every child has a physical, intellectual 
and moral nature. I would have the 
children taught to play, to sing, to study, 
to work, to worship. I would not segre- 
gate the children from the public school, 
but I would supplement it. This district 
should have a church, not a hovel, nor a 
basement, nor a hall, but a church, with 
wide doors on four sides, a Christian 
church, teaching divine fellowship and 
human brotherhood. Is there any man 
among us who would not like to see this 
experiment tried? The experiment of 
keen-visioned and great-hearted Chris- 
tian stewardship for once deliberately at- 
tacking the problem of the tenement dis- 
trict and engulfing foreign population. 
Speaking of the great human tides that 
are sweeping in upon us, a writer of wide 
study and observation remarks that, "un- 
less the church equips herself now to as- 
similate and Christianize this growing 
stream of immigration, in a few years the 
oncoming rush and swirl of alien popula- 
tion will simply daze and paralyze the 
church, from which she will not recover 
for a century." 

WHO WILL LEAD? 

There are good men and true among 
us, who are spending wakeful nights to 
know how wisely to administer the vast 
resources committed to their care. Is 
nobody wise enough to suggest to them 
how to do it, and to lead them forward 
in prosecuting these great tasks? Tell 
them this: that whole droves of moral 
microbes and poisonous bacilli will soon 



be sweeping up the avenues to their pri- 
vate parks and brownstone fronts, if rad- 
ical remedies are not applied and ap- 
plied soon. Remedies are at our com- 
mand. We can apply them if we will. 
We certainly will if we can be aroused 
to see the need, and the certainty under 
God of satisfying the need. We verily 
seem to think, because the alert mind of 
the Great Teacher drew a certain lesson 
from the then customary methods of Pal- 
estinian farming, that twenty centuries 
afterward nothing can be gotten out of 
that teaching apart from crooked sticks 
for plows, and lazy bullocks for power. 
Such reasoning is fallacious, the whole 
of it. It begins with false premises. It 
proceeds with undistributed middles. It 
reaches utterly false conclusions. When 
has Almighty God intimated that He 
could not make use of generous material 
recources for the upbuilding of His king- 
dom ? I suppose He could profitably cm- 
ploy an extra ten million of dollars every 
year for the next ten years in sane and 
Christian and hence in marvellously fruit- 
ful ministry to human souls in the me- 
tropolis of the western world. We are 
constantly despatching troops without 
muskets or rations. That servant of 
God who is so ethereal as to be able to 
live and toil without food and raiment 
must be promoted to a higher sphere. It 
has been divinely ordered that the finan- 
cial cost of redeeming and fashioning hu- 
man souls into the divine likeness shall 
be great. A true home life is costly. 
Christian education, genuine Christian 
culture is costly; permanency of religious 
teaching power and character-making 
power is costly. Wrote Horace Bush- 
nell half a century ago, "After all, there 
is no cheap way of making Christians of 
our children." It is not thoroughly un- 
derstood, but it ought to be understood, 
that if our great cities are to be redeemed 
unto God, great investments must yet be 
made in the discipline and preparation of 
wise and able workers for their tasks, in 
equipments comprehensive and worthy of 
the work to be done, and in the treatment 
of all human souls of every tongue and 
tribe and nation as possible and true can- 
didates for divine Sonship. 

Richmond Hill, 



MISSIONS 



Swatow Baptist College 

BY REV. A. H. PAGE, 
CHAIRMAN EDUCATIONAL COMMITTEE 

THERE is one. It is no longer a 
dream. We could not send our 
boys to Shanghai because of the distance 
and expense, and the handicap of a dif- 
ferent language; and so we are training 
them here in daily contact with the work 
that needs them. 

To be sure there is no building. That 
is still a dream. But we are teaching a 
college curriculum, and what more does 
the definition require? Of the curricu- 
lum of our recognized sister at Shanghai 
wc have taught and are teaching every- 
thing in the freshman and sophomore 
years except higher physics and spherical 
trigonometry, and are starting classes in 
the junior wort of geology and calculus. 

Our new building will accommodate 
the academy alone for a few years very 
well. But the lower schools are already 
crowded beyond the limit of comfort, 
and with the college department, the 
"quick preparation" school and the acad- 
emy all in one building, we shall feel the 
need of another at once. 



A college building is by no means our 
only need. We in South China have 
been backward about expressing our 
needs. We have hoped that by urging 
one or two most imperative ones each 
year we might finally see our desires in 
a measure fulfilled. Meanwhile other 
children have cried louder and received 
more attention, while our work here con- 
stantly outgrows its equipment. For ex- 
ample, this year we have centered our 
whole plea on our greatest need, that of 
physicians. But at the same time the op- 
portunity for foreign evangelists is un- 
paralleled, the need of women evangelists 
especially is fairly distressing, and for 
buildings we need, besides dwellings, a 
girls' academy, a Bible woman's training 
school, a college, a grammar school, a 
medical college and several hospitals. 
These are not things that we should sim- 
ply like to have. They are things that 
we need. Each one is a specific need 
that we keenly feel as we work. Our 
work is growing at every point. Stew- 
ards of the Lord! generals of His ma- 
terial forces! investigate and see if the 
holy strategy demanded of you decs not 
require a college building for South 
China. 



34 MISSIONS 

Help us to give this region an edu- missionary prop shall be removed. But 

cated ministry. The gospel here for the these classes, without the education that 

most part has reached the lowest classes Christianity fosters, do not furnish many 

first. But here as everywhere it raises pillars. Help us to raise them, both the 

every class it reaches, and so makes its classes and the pillars. 

foundation strong for the time when the Su-aiow, Chinn. 



MISSIONS 35 

p The Northern Baptist Laymen's ^ 

p Missionary Movement M 

^ CONDUCTED BY SECKKTARY W. T, STACKHOUSE ^ 



EETINGS for men have 
been held in many places 
since the fall campaign was 
undertaken, and we are re- 
joiced to report that many 
of these meetings have been 
attended with more than 
usual interest and power. If 
the interest shown in our meetinp in 
general is a prophecy of the future mis- 
sionary activity of the Baptist denomina- 
tion, then only one right conclusion can 
be reached, and that js, the Baptists have 
decided to come to their own, and to real- 
ize their part in the work of giving the 
gospel to the whole world. 

It will be impossible to describe all 
these meetings in one short article, nor 
can wc fully describe any one meeting. 
Our purpose is to mention some of the 
outstanding features of these meetings 
that indicate progress. 

INTERDENOMINATIONAL MEETINGS 

It will be remembered that the Inter- 
denominational Committee of the Lay- 
men's Movement decided to conduct a 
series of Conferences, touching mainly 
the centers where conventions were held 
last year. It has also been arranged that 
conventions be held in a number of the 
larger centcn that could not be worked 
last year. 

It is our policy as Baptists to do every- 
thing in our power to make these con- 
ferences and conventions a great success. 
In fact, as soon as it is definitely known 
just what centers are to be worked we 
will make a special effort to have our lay- 
men and pastors attend and support these 
interdenominational meeting? in force. 
Much has been gained for our people 
from these meetings and there are still 
greater things to be attained in the fu- 



ture. In this connection, therefore, we 
would like to urge our people to hold 
themselves in readiness to attend in large 
numbers, and to heartily cooperate with 
the other Christian bodies, that the great- 



est results in the interests of the King- 
dom may come from these large gather- 
ings. 

It has been the privilege of the writer 
to attend, so far this season, one confer- 
ence and two conventions of an interde- 
nominational character. The Conference 



36 



MISSIONS 



was held at Buffalo and the Conventions 
at Rochester and Toledo. That our 
Baptist forces have gained inspiration 
from these gatherings is clear from the 
following facts. 

The Buffalo Baptists have decided to 
hold a great Baptist rally on the ISth of 
this month. The report of this meeting 
will be given later, but to show the in- 
terest already awakened I have only to 
say that about eight hundred men have 
accepted our invitation to be present on 
that occasion. This meeting will be fol- 
lowed by a campaign of intensive mis- 
sionary education, and an every-member 
canvass for larger missionary gifts. 

THE ROCHESTER MEETING 

The Convention at Rochester was a 
great victory for the Kingdom. There 
were, it is stated, nearly 1,700 men at 
the banquet on Saturday evening, Nov. 
19th. The meetings that followed were 
full of interest and power. All denomi- 
nations have become active. Some 
churches are now in the midst of the 
every-member canvass. Some already 
have pledged four times what they as 
churches gave last year. 

The Baptists of Rochester stood second 
in their Foreign Mission offerings last 
year. They are now aroused to greater 
effort for the coming year. Three or 
four of our churches have already de- 
cided on the every-member canvass and 
are at work. They have also decided to 
greatly increase their contributions to the 
missionary, and, in some cases, to the 
other objects of the church. One of the 
most tender and impressive meetings I 
ever attended was held in the Park Ave- 
nue Baptist Church on Friday, Dec. 9th. 
God was very near to us. There were 
about 100 men present. There was no 
division of opinion. The one purpose in 
every mind was "forward." It was re- 
freshing to see that body of strong men 
standing up to vote on a series of resolu- 
tions that meant a splendid increase in 
practically all the beneficences of the de- 
nomination and for the salary of an as- 
sistant to their esteemed and able pastor, 
Dr. West. It was still more refreshing 
when volunteers were called for to do 
the canvassing, to see those strong men 



stand up and gladly offer their time and 
services. God is surely in this Movement 
and He makes His work a great joy to 
the workers. 

It was my privilege also to be with 
our forces in the First Church, Lake 
Avenue, Second Church, and Calvary. I 
found all intensely interested in the 
Kingdom. And I am confident from all 
I can gather by contact with the pastors 
and churches of Rochester that we will 
yet see a record here that will be hard to 
surpass in missionary activity. 

OTHER BAPTIST MEETINGS 

Laymen's meetings have been held in 
connection with our Baptist work at 
Pittsburgh, New Castle, North Tona- 
wanda, Brockport, Fairport, Newark, 
Niagara Falls, Fredonia, Jamestown, Al- 
bion, and other places. These meetings 
have been for the most part well attend- 
ed, and the interest has been deep. Every 
meeting pointed to victory. The outlook 
is surely one of hopefulness. At North 
Tonawanda the full apportionment was 
reached last year ; and if I interpreted the 
feelings of our noble band of men and 
their efficient pastor correctly, this church 
will exceed the apportionment the com- 
ing year. 

At Fredonia we had a large meeting 
of the men of that church, together with 
our men from Dunkirk. I am assured 
by our devoted pastors on these fields that 
the apportionment will be reached by 
these churches. 

Space compels me to hold other facts 
for a later issue. Let me say, however, 
in closing, that our secretaries and mis- 
sionaries have been doing great service in 
these meetings. It is our intention so to 
arrange our program after the first of the 
new year that our entire available force 
will be in campaign work between New 
York and the Pacific Coast. A part of our 
force will be with the Interdenomination- 
al Movement, a part will conduct inten- 
sive city campaigns similar to that now 
being held in Buffalo, while another sec- 
tion of our force will do follow-up work 
along the line of the Conference and 
Conventions. 

The keynote of the Movement is for- 
ever Forward! 



MISSIONS 



Devotion of Indian Women 



ORSES AND NEEDLE WORKERS 



N DUSTR I AL education for 
Indian girls is the best meth- 
od to help the Indian wo- 
man, according to Miss £s- 
telle Ree), who wasappoint- 
ed Superintendent of Indian 
Schools twelve years ago by 
President McKinley, and 
has made the Indian women her special 
study. Writing on this subject in Good 
Housekeeping, she says: 

"1 had always had their cause at heart, 
but something I witnessed years ago 
made me realize how much they needed 
help. I had been in the saddle a week, 
travelling through isolated reservations, 
when I landed one stormy night at a lit- 
tle hotel in a mountain town. 

"Before I retired I stood at my bed- 
room window looking down into the de- 
serted street. Across the way, huddled 
in the shadow beside a mean saloon, stood 
a group of squaws. Each one had a 
papoose strapped to her back. The heads 
of the squaws were turned away from 
the stinging blasts of sleet; they stood 
silent and motionless, as Indian women 
do. Each one had a husband drinking in 
the saloon. She was waiting to take him 
safely home. 

"In the morning I looked out of the 
window. It was still blowing, sleeting 
and snowing. There, ankle deep in slush, 
stood the little group of squaws. It 
seemed to me they had not stirred a foot. 
They were wetter, more bedraggled and 
their blankets were drawn tighter around 
them. The Indian woman will stick to 
a drink-sodden husband till he drops 
dead, or she does. The government is 
fighting the whiskey evil on the reserva- 
tions with every weapon it possesses, but 
the Indian brave will drink when he 
wants it and can get it — just as the white 
man does. A squaw knows nothing of 
divorce; she would not listen if you told 
her of it." 

Miss Reel believes there is but one 
method to help the Indian woman; that 
is to educate her from childhood along 
industrial lines. Until a few years ago 



there was absolutely no future for the 
Indian girl except to marry. That was 
the best thing, provided she could find a 
decent, energetic, ambitious husband, 
only — there arc so many of the other 
sort. 

The educated Indian girl looks for a 
higher type of manhood in a husband 
than satisfied her mother. If she docs 
not find her ideal she is perfectly capable 
of earning her own living. You may 
find in her any one of the various traits 
that fit her for special work. She makes 
a superb nurse. 

Hospitals which have trained Indian 
girls are making a constant effort to en- 
list others of the race. The Indian wo- 
man has infinite patience, forbearance, 
generally a magnificent physique and no 
trace of the "nerves" which so often 
cause a break-down among overcivilizcd 
races. An Indian girl can go through 
the most trying surgical case with a stoi- 
cal calm that is extraordinary. She never 
gets flurried, anxious or worried, and she 
obeys the physician as a soldier does his 
commander. In caring for cases of se- 
vere illness she seems to live on some 
strange reserve force and is a tender as 
well as a painstaking nurse. 

Miss Reel says the Indian girls make 
splendid needlewomen. They inherit the 
skill their grandmothers put into bead 
work or basket making. They have ex- 
cellent taste and an intuitive idea of good 
coloring. You find among them good 
musicians ; they excel as teachers of their 
own people and many have achieved a 
high place as workers in the arts and 
crafts. As often as possible art is taught 
in the schools by an Indian woman, with 
a high regard for all that is best in na- 
tive handiwork. 



MISSIONS 




Concerning Comity and Cooperation 

By James W. Willmarth, D.D., LL.D. 

ONCERNING the matter and may, as far as may seem expedient, 

of "Comity," etc., on the cooperate with others who love the Lord, 

foreign mission fields, I just so far and no farther, as may be 

submit a few thoughts in re- consistent with loyalty to our Master, as 

sponse to the invitation of above defined. 

the Editor. There are cer- V. The Field is very large — we can- 
tain principles of action not occupy it all. It is therefore lawful 
which must absolutely gov- and wise, in many cases, to make divisions 



crn us at all times; and we can lawfully 
arrange for comity and cooperation only 
so far as they will permit. 

I. Loyalty to Jesus Christ. What- 
ever he teaches we must believe and 
maintain. Whatever he commands we 
must do ; anything important enough for 
him to direct is important enough for us 
to obey. We can make no compromise 
here without disloyalty to our Master. 

II. The New Testament contains his 
teachings and commands, including those 
of his "apostles and prophets," who 
spoke by his authority. We must there- 
fore take the New Testament as our sole 
rule of faith and practice ; we can com- 
promise nothing here without disloyalty 
to our Master. 

III. Strict Baptist principles and prac- 
tices are not, primarily, "denominational 
peculiarities." It is largely false and 
misleading to represent the different de- 
nominations as "divisions of the same 
army," differing only in "non-essential" 
matters of no very great importance — at 
least, so far as we are concerned. Bap- 
tist principles and practices are an in- 
tegral and important part of New Testa- 
ment Christianity. We cannot compro- 



of territory and to abstain from unneces- 
sarily beginning work where others arc 
laboring; provided that we make no com- 
promise or undervaluation of our prin- 
ciples; and provided, further, that we 
make no iron-hound and perpetual ar- 
rangements, which would shut doors 
which God opens to us, or forbid us to 
give sympathy and aid to any Christians 
who come "to know the way of the Lord 
more perfectly," anywhere; leaving us 
free to judge of duty whenever such a 
case arises. 

I am sure that we ought, in arranging 
for comity and cooperation, to be very 
careful not to bind ourselves with en- 
tangling pledges and alliances; and never 
to compromise in the least our loyalty to 
our Master. He has given us to see the 
truth for which we stand for the benefit 
of all. We may reasonably and right- 
fully arrange to avoid unnecessary ivaste 
and friction ; but we must not betray our 
trust. "If ye love me," Jesus said, "keep 
my commandments." 

I cannot help adding one obvious and 
very important thing. Our contention 
that immersion is the only baptism and 
that "infant baptism" is not a part of 
Testament Christianity, i 



r undervalue them without disloy- ceded by the scholarship of the world. 

alty to our Master. We seem to be on the eve of victory. 

IV. Other Christians have the same How unwise and disloyal it would be 

right of private judgment as ourselves, now to retreat and compromise! If the 

We should respect this right, recognize "evangelical denominations" would ac- 

piety and devotion wherever we find it, cept the verdict of scholarship and the 



MISSIONS 



39 



obvious teaching of the New Testament 
by accepting and practicing the immer- 
sion of believers only, with its wonderful 
symbolic meaning and heaven-given pow- 
ers, an enormous and insuperable obstacle 
not only to full cooperation, but to 
"Christian unity" (so called), would be 
removed and more would be accomplished 
in a day for unifying the whole body of 
regenerated men than can be accom- 
plished in a century by the man-made 
plans and devices that some are now pro- 
posing. The divisions among real Chris- 
tians now existing are not provided for 
in the New Testament; they are not the 
fault of those who loyally obey the Mas- 



ter; they are the fault of those who, 
through mistake or carelessness or stub- 
bornness, do not obey some of his im- 
portant commands. 

The sum of the whole matter appears 
to me to be this: Comity and coopera- 
tion only so far as is consistent with ab- 
solute loyalty to Christ and in a flexible 
manner, so as not to bind us to refuse the 
will of God as shown in his Providence. 
I have endeavored to indicate in this con- 
tribution to the discussion what these 
limits are. May our leaders have wis- 
dom from above to "know what Israel 
ought to do" — no more, no less. 

Philadelphia. Pa. 



The Dedication at Bradford, Massachusetts 



We give a picture of the monument at 
Bradford, Mass., which was dedicated in 
connection with the centennial of the 
American Board. The stone is erected 
on the historic spot where the American 
Board was organized a century ago. The 
services ^ere made especially impressive 
by the commissioning of six young mis- 
sionaries, numbering within one of the 
original Seven who gave themselves to 
the foreign work, among them our own 
Judson. The monument was unveiled by 



a Bradford Academy girl, daughter of 
Dr. C. M. Cady, a missionary of Kyoto, 
Japan. The pastor in Bradford, Rev. E. 
S. Stackpole, was formerly a missionary. 
We are indebted to him for the photo- 
graphs of the stone and its inscription. 
The Baptists were remembered in the 
dedication at Andover, not only by the 
memory of Judson, but by the reading of 
a hymn by Dr. S. F. Smith, composed 
while he was a student in Andover in 
1830. 



MISSIONS 



A Model Missionary Association 

BAPTIST MISSION WORK IN THE PITTSHURC DISTRICT 

By Rev. H. C. Gleiss, Superintendent 



S^SjgNE of the busiest centers of 

mK traffic in all the land is Pitts- 

sSs ^^^^- With its fiery fur- 

g naces belching forth lire and 

g brimstone night and day ; its 

S fleets of coal, sending their 

black diamonds to all parts 

world ; its matchless industries in 

ivv, plate and flint glass, it leads the 

of the world in its monthly ton- 

Although reaching twenty-four 

i heavenward and burrowing down 

!nto the earth, Pittsburg is always 

ed for space. During the past fif- 

Dr twenty j'cars new towns have 

T up among us like mushrooms, 

the approved fashion of our great 

nterprising West. Just now the 

and Laughlin Steel Company, the 

t independent steel corporation in 

untry, is putting about twenty mil- 

af dollars into their new mills and 

at Woodlawn, eighteen miles from 



the heart of the city. Already there arc 
5,000 people in the town and within two 
years there will be 10,000. What mar- 
velous opportunities for mission work. 
Here in this new town, we Baptists be- 
gan a regular weekly prayer service last 
March, the first in the town. In April 
we organized a Sunday school ; in May 
provisions were made for a gospel tent; 
in June our tent was erected, a series of 
special meetings held, and regular preach- 
ing services established; in July the 
church was organized with 28 members, 
3 of whom came by baptism. l"hus in a 
measure, at least, the Baptists have 
caught the aggressive spirit which is in 
the air. 

In speaking of the Baptist work in the 
Pittsburg district, it is necessary to re- 
member that wc have here two separate 
organizations— the Pittsburg Baptist As- 
sociation, which does practically the work 
of a State convention, and the Pittsburg 



MISSIONS 



41 



and Allegheny Baptist Union, our church 
extension society for the city. These two 
distinct corporations make it difficult to 
report the work done, but wc have been 
able to keep so dose together that atl of 
the wpi^ has been planned in absolute 
harmony. When we speak in this article 
of the work in the Pittsburg district we 
mean the whole work done by the two 
sister organizations. 

It will be seen that we do not confine 
our work to the city proper. The terri- 
tory included is about the size of the 



work done among the foreign-speaking 

At the last meeting of the Association 
the report of the board of directors 
showed that 40 people had been employed 
in mission work during the preceding 
year. Of these, 22 labored among the 
American, and 18 among the foreign- 
speaking people. The Association ex- 
pended $14,860 in its missionary work. 
At the same time the Pittsburg and Alle- 
gheny Union expended $10,532, or a 
total of $25,392 in one year. Of the 75 



State of Connecticut, with a population 
of more than 1,500,000. In this terri- 
tory every line of missionary work is car- 
ried on by our Baptist organizations — 
pioneer mission work in new towns, as 
well as missions in the heart of the city ; 
aiding weak and struggling churches, and 
church extension. Deals are now pend- 
ing to secure property for three young 
churches, and plans are developing for 
four new chapels. There are loan funds, 
out of which weak and burdened churches 
are aided. All of the time a spirir of 
evangelism is fostered, and part of the 
time an especial evangelist is employed. 
The orphans and the aged and infirm arc 
cared for in a recent enterprise. Then 
lastly, but not of least importance, is the 



churches in this Association 25 were or- 
ganized during the last ten years. 

Perhaps the most remarkable single ex- 
hibition of interest in the missionary 
work is the manner of the observance of 
Children's Day. The offerings on that 
day amounted to $6,700. Here it must 
be explained that for about twenty years 
there has been an especial arrangement 
with the Publication Society, whereby 
our local workers get under the effort, 
make it a great missionary occasion, and 
the results are then divided between the 
Publication Society and the local work. 

The work of city missions is one of 
appalling gravity. There is nothing now 
before the Christian world that demands 
more careful thinking and praying than 



42 MISSIONS 

work among these varied peoples. Work Very gratefully we acknowledge the 
is being done among the Hungarians, generous help extended by our mission- 
Roumanians, Slovaks, Croatians, Rus- ary societies. Without their help the 
sians, Italians, Swedes, Germans and work could not have been accomplished. 
Jews, and also Chinese, Welsh and Eng- The Home Mission Society, the Publi- 
lish. Space will not permit to go into cation Society, the Woman's Home Mis- 
details, but some notable victories have sion Society and the State Mission Board 
been won, some excellent characters de- have all aided in this work, 
veloped, and a strong church life shown. PUlsburgkj Pa. 



MISSIONS 



The Shan Mission, Burma 



By Rev. H. C. 

DURING the vacation of the school 
at Mongnai, our headmaster and 
an evangelist took five of the larger boys 
of the orphanage and school and went on 
an evangelistic trip which lasted twenty- 
eight days, and was filled with interesting 
experiences for all. They visited ten 
large villages, spending from one to four 
days in each place. With one single ex- 
ception they were very cordially received 
everywhere, the people not only coming 
out to see the magic lantern at night and 
remaining long after the pictures, until 
12 o'clock in some cases, to talk over re- 
ligious subjects, but also coming out dur- 
ing the day and staying with the teachers 
most of the day, in many instances not 
giving them time to eat or rest, until they 
were compelled to avoid the people by 
going into the jungle to rest before the 
evening service. 

The head men of the villages were as 
cordial as could be, and in some cases 
called their people together to listen to 
the messages of the visitors. Generally 
the Burmese priests would not come near 
the meetings, but the priests of other 
races came and were very friendly in- 
deed. Many tracts and Gospels were 
given away during the first part of the 
trip, so there were none left to even sell 
on the latter part. One priest was very 
friendly and was willing to accept the 
gospel. He said he had never done any 
other kind of work in his life, and what 
would he have to eat if he accepted 
Christianity? Sometimes the preachers 
and the boys would divide up and each 
one take a group of people and explain 
a passage of scripture or read a tract and 
explain its meaning to those who asked 
questions about it. At one large village 
where they were exceptionally well re- 
ceived they remained four days, which 
were filled with personal talks to many 
of the chief men of the locality. At one 
meeting when the Buddhists failed in 
their arguments they said the preachers 
were the bridge between the old way and 
the new, and all agreed the new way was 
vcrj- good. We hope soon to follow this 



Gibbens, M.D. 
trip by another in the same section. 

ASTRONOMY AND THE SHANS 

Mark Twain's fanciful sketch of a 
man who was transferred from the last 
century to the court of King Arthur 
where he had ample use for the knowl- 
edge and inventions of our times, is being 
duplicated frequently by the experiences 
of missionaries in heathen lands where 
the state of knowledge and invention 
takes on the character of an even more 
remote past than the times of good King 
Arthur, These remarks are called forth 
by the appearance of H alley's comet 
which has excited much comment and 
not a little uneasiness among the people 



44 



MISSIONS 



of Mongnai. Because of the widespread 
interest on the subject and the general 
incorrectness of the teaching in the Budd- 
hist monasteries concerning things celes- 
tial as well as things spiritual, the mis- 
sionary spent some evening hours on an 
old book on astronomy, and then at a 
church prayer meeting after the regu- 
lar subject had been thoroughly dis- 
cussed, gave a talk on the movements of 
the earth and a portrayal of the orbits of 
the earth and of Halley's comet, with a 
discussion on the nature of comets, etc. 
The folly of superstitious beliefs concern- 
ing the relation of the comet to any one's 
life or health was also pointed out. To 
show the people how regular this comet 
was in its movements, I told them when 
they would be able to see it in the eve- 
ning sky, etc. Since that talk about the 
comet I have been surprised by the state- 
ments from Buddhists that there were 
two comets — one in the morning - sky 



at first and one in the evening sky later 
on 1 I have had also to repeat again and 
again about the movements of the earth 
and give proofs of its being round, etc. 
These things have made me decide to 
purchase books and a suitable telescope 
on our return for popular talks on astron- 
omy. The application is: if Gautama 
Buddha made so many mistakes about the 
things of this world, how can he be be- 
lieved concerning the world to come? 
The need for such talks is found in the 
following beliefs: "In the center of 
things is Mount Meru, which rests on 
three feet, each one a ruby. Between 
these feet dwell the Nats. The sun, 
moon and stars are dwelling places for 
Nats. Below the earth in rock arc the 
sight hells. Seven ranges of mountains 
girdle the earth with seven seas inter- 
posed, and in them the four great isl- 
ands." Map makers will please take 



Some of Elder Tyson's Experiences 



preachers appreciate 
:casional compliment. The 
rontier missionary is no 
icception to this rule. Once 
pon a time one happened 
■) me, and it was on this 
'ise: I had spoken at the 
young people's rally at a 
Nebraska association. At the dose of 
this session the committee on religious 
exercises announced that I would preach 
the missionary sermon at night. As I 
passed out through the vestibule I felt a 
hand clutching at my coat sleeve. Turn- 
ing around, I saw a swarthy looking 
brother from the mountains of Tennes- 
see. His hickory shirt, buttoned awry, 
and seersucker coat, too short of course, 
added to his ungainly appearance. He 
very easterly grasped my hand and asked : 
"Are you agwinc to make that old bazoo 
work agin to-night?" With at least a 
show of modesty I told him that I, sup- 
posed from the announcement that I was 
expected to preach the gospel again at 
the evening session. Looking me very 
earnestly in the eye and giving my hand 
a tremendous squeeze, he said, "/ like to 
Aaxt if fio — it maifs the worler come in 



my eyesi" I have always believed that 
the good brother intended it for a com- 
pliment. It was the unvarnished kind, 
and that's the kind I like. 

A COWBOY SHAVE 

Out in Chase County, Nebraska — it 
was at the little village of Chase — I was 
greatly in need of the services of a bar- 
ber. The nearest professional was at 
Imperial, twenty miles away. The only 
alternative was to accept the offer of a 
genuine cowboy who said he often 
"scraped the hoys." Common bar sosp 
was the only kind at hand. He put his 
left foot on a chair and, placing me on 
another where I could use his knee for 
a head-rest, he commenced operations 
with the vim which characterized him 
when he went to rope a steer or bust a 
broncho. I was bearing the ordeal with 
all possible fortitude, striving at least to 
keep back the tears. "Ain't your skin a 
leetle bit tender, Elder?" asked the cow- 
boy. "Not that T know of," said I, de- 
termined to be brave. "Well, I thou^t 
it was, 'cause the blood is kinder oozin 
out wherever I shave ye." And it was 
not hard for me to believe him. 



MISSIONS 



The Russian Baptists of Pueblo 

By Rev. Milton Fish 



IVING the gospel to the 
Slavs of Pueblo, although a 
young work, has had a 
steady and substantial 
growth. It has been identi- 
fied with the devotion of 
Brother Peter Kmita. For- 
merly he was a teacher and 
an earnest worker for the Orthodox Cath- 
olic Church. In 1904 he heard Rev. 
John Kolesnekaf preach in Scranton, Pa. 
The preaching angered him. He de- 
nounced the preacher as a Jew. But 
after Christ entered his heart with new 
life he was gladly baptized. At once he 
became a colporter among his people. 
While working hard in Chicago he was 
prostrated by tuberculosis. He reached 
Pueblo very sick, unknown, and short of 
funds. He first called upon the pastor 
of the Mesa Baptist Church. Though 
he had no English letter of credential, 
the spirit of Christ in his personal influ- 
ence constituted his credentials. During 



that first meeting, the pastor felt that 
Brother Kmita had a mjssion in Pueblo. 
God has verified that impression, has 
strengthened our brother's body, and es- 
tablished him in the confidence of the 
Russians. 

In Pueblo live people of thirty differ- 
ent nationalities. At present there are 
about three hundred Russians, the same 
number of Poles, fewer Croatians and 
Bohemians, about two thousand Aus- 
trian s, and about the same number of 
Servians. With the exception of the 
public school and the mission work, these 
people have practically no contact with 
Anglo-Saxon civilization. Socially they 
arc unassimilated. The Methodists and 
Baptists are the only Christians who are 
giving them the gospel. The Methodist 
work consists of a class of six or seven 
Polish children. The Methodists have 
no worker that speaks the Polish lan- 
guage. The Baptist work is conducted 
by one who is at home in the Slavic Ian- 



MISSIONS 



gu^es. Up to date, he has worked most- 
ly among Russians, all of whom are men 
without families. In the spring of 1908 
Brother Kmita received his commission 
from the American Baptist Home Mis- 
sion Society. In the meantime, he sent 
to Texas for his friend, Peter Shostalc, 
who was baptized with him. When con- 
verted he was an illiterate man. Since 
1904 he has learned to read and write 
both Russian and English. He has a 
winsome personality, and may enter a 
training school. 

This Brother Shostak has been of in- 
calculable assistance in the Pueblo Mis- 
sion. While colporter to the Slavic com- 
munities of Colorado, he has used Pueblo 
as a base of operations. Recently he has 
been distributing the Word in Missouri 
and Kansas. He has been imprisoned 
for selling without a license. He has 
only with rare tact avoided collision with 
quarrelsome bigots of his own people. 
Both he and Brother Kmita have gone 
with those under conviction to the priest. 
But the priest could not withstand the 
wisdom and spirit with which they spoke. 
While they have been called Jews; while 
those who attend the gospel meetings are 
persecuted and driven from the boarding 
houses; while some have blasphemed con- 
cerning the meaning of baptism, the work 
has prospered. Many Russians, not yet 
Christians, ignore the priests and com- 
mend Brother Kmita and his work. Even 
some Polish men are forgetting their 
race antipathy for the Russians. They 
are really willing to listen to a Russian 
preacher. Eleven Russians have united 
with the Mesa Baptist Church. Still 
others are converted. All the gospel 



meetings (except baptismal and commun- 
ion services) arc held in a boarding house 
near to the steel works. Besides the gospel 
meetings — four each week conducted by 
Brother Kmita — Miss Greene, a mem- 
ber of the Mesa Baptist Church, con- 
ducts three English classes for them. 

Among the fruits of the Spirit the fol- 
lowing are noticeable: 1. Cleanliness; 
This is in marked contrast to the habits 
of the unconverted Russians. Once con- 
verted, they become foes to dirt on the 
person, on clothes or in rooms. No 
housewives in Pueblo can surpass these 
brothers in that virtue, that is next to 
godliness. 2, Puritan Ideals: The ques- 
tionable indulgences of some church mem- 
bers they abhor. With them, baptism in- 
volves separation from intoxicants, to- 
bacco, cards and dancing. 3. Fraternal- 
ism : They will share their last dime with 
a brother who is sick or poor. Their 
whole life finds its center in the Chris- 
tian group. Christian fellowship is their 
recreation and inspiration. No lodge, no 
other interests, divide their oneness in 
Christ, 4. Constancy : As yet none have 
lapsed in Christian living. 5. Prayer 
meeting habit: They have two week- 
night prayer meetings. They work hard 
about roasting furnaces. Rarely does 
one who is able to do so fail to attend 
prayer meeting. With a nucleus of fif- 
*teen Christians, their praj-er meeting at- 
tendance ranges from fifteen to twenty. 
On the whole, the mission promises to 
become sturdy and large. The migra- 
tory habits of the Russians are due to the 
uncertainties of the labor market. This 
constitutes the only internal hindrance to 
the work. 



MISSIONS 



47 



Devotional 



A l^mffer fur Wovlh i^altiatuitt 

ALMIGHTY GOD, grant, we be- 
seech Thee, that Thy Word may 
he preached in the earth, until all nations 
shall have heard the glorious truth of the 
one living and true God; the intellect no 
longer degraded; the reason no longer 
offered up in superstitious sacrifice; hut 
man, body, soul and spirit Thine — Thy 
wandered child. Thy strayed sheep, but 
called by Thy undying love back to Thy- 
self, until at last the wide, wide world 
shall know the Father-God, and there 
shall be but one fold and one Shepherd, 
one God and Father of us all. Amen, 

 
PRAY— 

That it may please God to pour out 
abundantly His Spirit upon the churches 
as they gather during the Week of 
Prayer. 

That it may please Him to send the 
spirit of revivaJ upon the churches of our 
own and all lands. 

That it may please Him to grant a 
special blessing on the days of interces- 
sion for mission fields and workers at 
home and abroad. 

That it may please Him to raise up 
new workers to take the place of those 
who have fallen upon sleep. 

 
This Same Jesus 

Looking backward is one of our most 
dangierous and debilitating sins. Men 
sometimes say: "O for the days of 
Whiteficld ! O for the days of Wesley ! 
O for the days of Luther! O for the 
days of the apostles!" What we ought 
to say b: O for the belief that the same 
Jesus who ascended into the heavens has 
oome Back again, and that he is here in 
his invisible representative, the Holy 
Spirit, as truly as he was in the city of 
Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost. — 
Charles E. Jefferson, 



Unprofitable 

That word is, as you know, an expres- 
sion of the market-place. It speaks of 
an investment which has been made and 
has not turned out well. . . . God has, 
as it were, invested His capital in this 
world — "He gave His only-begotten 
Son." And what has been the return 
for that divine investment in your life 
and mine? Has it been a profitable in- 
vestment so far as you are concerned? 
What has God got in return for the love 
He has showered upon you, the grace 
with which He has enriched your life, 
the opportunities which have been close 
to your hand day by day? — /. Stuart 
H olden, 

 

The Book of Books 

"Six million, six hundred and twenty 
thousand and twenty-four copies," is the 
report of the British and Foreign Bible 
Society's sale of Bibles for last year. 
Moreover, the same organization esti- 
mates that during the 106 years of its 
existence it has issued no less than 222,- 
000,000 copies of the Scriptures — z, rec- 
ord that undoubtedly stands unequalled 
in the history of book publishing. 

 

Seed Thoughts 

You will find as you look back upon 
your life that the moments that stand 
out, the moments when you have really 
lived, are moments when you have done 
things in a spirit of love. — Henry Drum- 
mond. 

Is the church just a lifeboat being 
pulled through a stormy sea full of 
struggling souls, while the crew sings joy- 
fully "That will be glory for ME?" 

No, No, and No! 

"I shall see Him face to face and tell 
the story. Saved by grace." Don't wait 
until you see Him face to face to tell the 
story. They know all about it over there. 
Tell it to. the folks here and now who 
don't know anything about it. 



A Farewell Charge 

By Rev. Robert Hamilton* 



EAR friends, I am going 
away. Perhaps I am look- 
ing into your faces for the 
last time. But 1 will bear 
you on my heart always and 
often talk to the Father 
about you. Most of you 
Cheyenne Christians heard 
the gospel from my lips for the first time 
and have been baptized by me. When I 
came to the Indians we had but two 
churches among the blanket tribes with 
less than one hundred members. Now 
we have an Association with seventeen 
churches and over one thousand mem- 
bers. Many more have found Jesus and 
have gone home to be with Him. God 
has greatly blessed you and if you are 
faithful to Him a great many more will 
find Jesus in the years to come. Jesus 
is expecting you to convince all these un- 
saved Indians that His road is good. 

You who have just started in the Jesus 
road may be tempted to go hack into the 
old roads; but you will never be satis- 
i in the old roads, A young man who 
had gone back into the mescal road came 
) our meeting last winter and said that 
; had been very unhappy since he had 
gone back. He said the Christian In- 
dians had turned away from him and 
that the mescal followers had no confi- 
dence in him. It seemed as though he 
was alone and apart from all men and 
was glad to come back into the fellow- 
ship of the Christians. The old life you 
lived before you found Jesus cannot make 



you happy any more because you do not 
belong there. 

When I was at the Osage Agency a 
man was pointed out to mc who had a 
strange history. Some years ago he died; 
the Indians wrapped hi'm in a blanket, 
put him in a box and carried him to the 
top of a high hill which overlooked the 
camp, and put the box on the ground and 
covered it up with stones as is their cus- 
tom of burial. That night the man came 
to life again, kicked the lid off the box 
and came out. In the morning about 
sunrise he wrapped his blanket about him 
and walked down to the camp. When 
the Indians saw him coming they ran out 
with hoots and cries of fear and drove 
him away from the camp. His wife and 
family would not allow him to come into 
their tepee. What business had he there? 
He belonged to another world. The 
years have passed and this man is now 
the richest man of all the rich Osages, yet 
he lives to this day apart from his people. 
They will not let him come near them. 
He buys his food from the store and eats 
it without cooking. When I saw him he 
was sitting on the curbstone eating some 
peaches out of the can. At night he 
wraps his blanket about him and lies 
down on the hard pavement. 

Your baptism means something like 
that. You have died to the old life with 
its sinful roads, you were buried with 
Jesus in the water grave, and you rose 
again to walk in a new life. Now you 
belong to Jesus and the Jesus people. The 
grave is between you and the old camp, 
hut keep your face turned toward heaven. 
Keep in close company with those who 
are traveling that way. If you do this 
you will find heavenly food, sweet, fresh 
water and flowers all along the way. 




tijap:i£»fC- 



MISSIONS 



The Newest Immigration Problem 

THE HINDU INVASION OF THE PACIFIC COAST 

By Geo. E. Burlingame, D.D. 



FIVE thousand men from India en- 
tered the port of San Francisco dur- 
ing the past twelve months. They come 
to work in lumber camps and on the 
railroads. There are said to be three 
thousand in the Sacramento Valley of 
California. Every steamer from the 
Orient brings its contribution to this 
new clement in our foreign problem. 
The photographs here presented were 
taken on the Nippon Maru on her ar- 
rival at Quarantine at San Francisco, 
August 27, 1910. Nearly one hundred 
Hindus were in the party. They are 
Sikhs from the Punjab, a turbaned host 
of eager immigrants looking for the 
promised land of which they have heard 
in their native villages. 

A strong sentiment is developing on 
the Coast against this form of oriental 
immigration, and organizations have 
been formed to restrict, and, if possible, 
prevent the ingress of these Indians, who 
promise so little of advantage and so 
much of difficulty to the Pacific Coast 
States. Many of them are turned back 
at Quarantine and refused admittance 
under the immigration bureau regula- 
tions. Several cases have come up in 
which th¥ rulings of the bureau have 



been contested. It is reported in the 
local press that a group of people, in- 
cluding wealthy women interested in 
theosophy, are undertaking to champion 
the cause of the Hindus and make their 



examination 
securing 

Obviously thi 
volved in this r 
Th, 



vith a view to their 



ire two problems in- 
phase of the foreign 
z and social question 
concerns the ability of the nation to as- 
similate this class of immigrants and 
their probable effect on the communities 
in which they settle. Little can be said 
in favor of their coming, from this point 
of view. Their habits, their intense caste 
feeling, their utter lack of home life — 
no women being among tbem — and their 
effect upon standards of labor and wages, 
all combine to sustain the position of 
those who seek to close the doors against ' 
this strange new stream of immigration. 
The other problem concerns the welfare 
of the thousands who are already here. 
Shall we allow them to encyst themselves 
in our national body? Are they capable 
of being westernized, Americanized, 
evangelized? The new problem creates 
a new duty in civic and religious circles, 
$ttn Francisco, Cal. 



50 



MISSIONS 



For the Missionary Meeting 



Falsehoods Are Boomerangs 

A CONVERTED Italian, in telling 
the story of his life, shows how 
falsehood reacts. He says that as a boy 
he grew up in Italy a sincere and even 
bigoted Roman Catholic, serving mass 
every day as an altar boy, singing in the 
choir, reciting all the prayers he could, 
especially those endowed with indul- 
gences, and keeping an account book of 
ail the merits he earned, which amounted 
to many thousands of indulgence years, 
by which he was taught he could save his 
soul from the flames of purgatory, and 
have some merits to spare to save others. 
At sixteen he emigrated to America. The 
village priest warned him to have 
nothing to do with Protestants nor to 
go near their churches. Upon asking 
who the Protestants were, the priest an- 
swered that they were bad people, infi- 
dels, and that in their churches they wor- 
shipped the skeleton of a horse. 

When in New York, he heard again 
from some ignorant Italians the state- 
ment that Protestants worshipped the 
bones of dead horses. Seized with curi- 
osity, he went one Sunday evening into 
the Italian church of the City Mission 
Society. He says: "I saw no skeleton 
there, but heard the prayers, the singing, 
the sermon, and was impressed with the 
simplicity of the worship which was en- 
tirely new to me. At first I imagined 
I had gone into the wrong place, but as 
I was assured by the sexton that it was 
the Protestant church, it dawned upon 
me that I had been deluded, and that the 
priests used such slanders to scare people 
away from Protestant churches. I be- 
came a regular attendant at the church 
and Sunday school, and when I learned 
that I could be saved, not by my own 
merits, but by the blood of Christ, and 
saved completely without having to burn 
in purgatory, I threw to the winds my 
self-righteousness and my merit book, 
and gave my heart and soul to Jesus 
Christ for safe-keeping. I began to work 
for others, and the year after, when the 
time came for me to return to Italy to 
enlist in the army, I decided to enlist in 



the victorious army of the King of kings, 
where I expect to remain till He calls 
me home to glory." 

& 

Giving the Best 

By Rev. F. A. Agar 

IT was the first visit of the missionary 
to the new, little town of T., and as 
is very often the case out West, the ser- 
vice had been held in the schoolhouse. 
After the meeting was over, a man came 
up to the preacher and asked if he would 
go home with him and spend the night, 
"at his place." The preacher gladly ac- 
cepted the oflFer, having made no arrange- 
ment for the night. The man got his 
wife and two little girls, and they all 
went down the street till they came to 
a two-room log house, into which the man 
led them. Removing their heavy winter 
wraps, the woman produced the Bible, 
which she handed to the visitor, saying: 
"It's quite late and the children are tired, 
so we will have worship and then all 
turn in." After the little service, the 
man took up the bag and wraps and, 
opening the door into the only other 
room in the house, where was placed the 
only bed in the house, he put the preach- 
er's things down, and said, "Grood night; 
I hope you will rest fine." Shutting the 
door, he left his guest standing inside. 
Remaining at the door, he heard the man 
say to his wife, "Well, Ma, wasn't it 
good to hear the gospel again ? Let's sec, 
it's about sixteen years since wc last 
heard it ; you-all won't mind sleeping on 
the floor, will you?" "No," said the wo- 
man, "the children are tired and they 
will go asleep soon. It was good to hear 
preaching again — that's what it was!" 

By this time the missionary had on his 
overcoat and hat and, grabbing up his 
bag, he opened the door and shot through 
the room, saying, "Good by, friends; I 
will write you later on" ; and out of the 
front door he went, to find his way to 
the depot, where he paced up and down 
till three o'clock in the morning, when a 
train came along. He did not mind that, 



MISSIONS 



51 



for he could not have slept in that bed 
and let those little children and their 
mother wrap themselves up in a blanket 
apiece and lay down on that dirt floor on 
a cold winter night. But the beautiful 
spirit of the Lord was in the hearts of 
those people when they were willing to 
make the sacrifice for the sake of giving 
the best they had to the servant of the 
Lord. Afterward, the missionary wrote 
those people the best letter he knew how 
to write, told them the simple truth, and 
expressed his appreciation. 

Have you ever slept on the floor, a 
dirt floor at that, on a cold winter night, 
in order that you might hear the gospel 
of Jesus Christ? **No," you say. Well, 
have you ever slept in a real way on the 
floor of self-sacrifice in order to give the 
best you have so that such people as those 
in this little story can in their far-away 
homes on the Western frontier hear the 
gospel, which they have not heard for so 
long a time? 



& 



The Power of Caste 

THE iron-clad rules of caste in India 
still hold back many from an open 
confession of their allegiance to Chris- 
tianity. The seed is being sown, how- 
ever, and in time will bring forth an 
abundant harvest. On a recent tour in 
the community near Ongole taken by 
Rev. J. M. Baker, special visits were 
made to the caste quarters of the vil- 
lages. The people came out in hundreds 
to the meetings and sat on the ground 
perfectly still for two hours or more and 
then after going to their homes for food 
returned to the evening meeting, staying 
as long as the missionaries had strength 
to teach them. In one village a mer- 
chant of the Komati caste, who is also a 
land owner, came in two miles to attend 
the meetings, and after two hours of ser- 
vice be would not go home, but brought 
his friends and neighbors to the tent and 
openly declared before them all that he 
was a Christian and had for some time 
been praying to Jesus, and that more- 
over his wife also thought as he did. 
When asked why he did not be baptized 
he said, "I am ready to be baptized and 
I want to be baptized, but if t do I do 



not know how I am going to live. No 
one will buy my goods and these men 
who are now my friends and neighbors 
will turn against me." This he said be- 
fore all the people, for his neighbors and 
friends were perfectly willing for him to 
be a Christian at heart, but when it came 
to breaking loose from the caste and being 
baptized they would object very serious- 
ly. Not only would they refuse to buy 
of him but they would make it impossi- 
ble for him to cultivate his land. Be- 
fore them all he said, "If I am baptized 
I must leave my village and my land, 
and if it is best for me to do so I will do 
that, but instead I want these men to 
listen to my preaching and I want them 
to become Christians so that we may all 
come together and be happy in living in 
the village which belonged to our fore- 
fathers." 

e ; 

The Kind of Missionary Pastor 
Wanted in the West 

WE must have a good preacher, com- 
bining the rare qualities of a mixer 
with the business men, a teacher, a pastor, 
a financier and a booster. His face must 
be broader than long; his smile must be 
contagious and sincere; he must be abso- 
lutely void of bigotry and conceit; he 
must be particularly adapted to the re- 
quirements of young people and no less 
those of advanced years who may have 
no sympathy for the younger class. Now 
let me know where we can get such a 
man for $1,000 per year, but a successful 
successor to C— — must be this kind, 
and his wife must possess all the virtues 
above enumerated to a larger degree. In 

other words, C was and is a "Prince 

of the House of David." He had M 

in his hands. Every man, woman and 
child was sorry to have him leave town, 
not only because of his own going, but 

because Mrs. C accompanied him 

also. F. C. P. 

Who is competent to apply for this 
place ? 




MISSIONS 



A Remarkable Missionary Career 



HE death of Dr. Clough re- 
calls the wonderful work of 
the Ongole Mission, and his 
own varied life, so richly 
blessed in fruitage. We draw 
the following sketch from 
the admirable brief biog- 
raphy written by Mrs. Emma 
Rauschenbusch Clough and 
published some years ago by the Foreign 
Mission Society, only wishing we had 
space to reproduce her story entire. 

In 1836 the first Baptist missionary was 
sent to the Telugus of southern India, 
and in that same year, July 16th, a boy 
was born near Frewsburg, in Chautauqua 
county. New York, who went out twenty- 
eight years later to give his life to the 
work of that mission. John Everett 
Clough was to render special service and 
God prepared him for it. He came of 
sturdy Welsh-Scotch-Enghsh stock. In 
early years he knew the hard but clean 
poverty of pioneer life in the new States 
of Illinois and Iowa. Many a time he has 
said to the destitute pariah in India who 
complained that he had nothing but por- 
ridge to eat ; "You cannot tell rae any- 
thing about poverty. I too have lived by 
the week on little else than corn meal 
mush." And the pariah knew that he was 
understood. 

When seventeen, young Clough became 
chain and hatchet carrier to a surveying 
party in southern Minnesota, studied al- 
gebra and trigonometry 



graded school together. Then he became 
for a year colporter in Eastern Iowa for 
the Publication Society, and his zealotu 
house-to-house visiting proved exceUcnt 
training for later village itineracy in In- 
dia. Then came the call to go with Ur. 
Jewett to work among the seventeen mil- 



5enlly 



U. S. 



Deputy Surveyor, and at the head of 
parly of fifteen men was sent, when not 
yet twenty, to survey the wild prairies ot 
Minnesota when Minneapolis was a mere 
village. His surveyor's certificate was re- 
spected when he applied in famine times 
to the Indian Government for engineering 
contracts in behalf of thousands of suf- 
ferers. With money enough for a five 
years' course of study, and with ambition 
to become a wealthy lawyer, he went to 
Burlington College, where he 
verted. His ambitious plans were forgot- 
ten, and as a humble follower of Jesus 
he was destined to go out, a Bapl" 
sionary, to that forlorn hope, the Telugu 
Mission, known as the "Lone Star," 1 
cause of thirty years of almost fruitl 
toil. 
In 



lions of Telugus, and with his wife and lit- 
tle boy he sailed in 1864, going around the 
Cape of Good Hope. 

While young Clough was still a sur- 
veyor, Dr. and Mrs. Jewett and three of 
ihcir native helpers knelt one morning at 
sunrise on a hill overlooking Ongole, and 
prayed for a man to bring the gospel to 
this dark place. Twelve years later the 
man for Ongole began his work, and in 
the sight of the famous "Prayer Meeting 
Hill" thousands were baptized in the 
years that followed. 

The first ten years were of seed-sowing. 
Ongole was a town of 10.000. The work 
was almost wholly nmong the despised 
Madigas, or oiilcastes. After seven years 
Mr. and Mrs. Cinugh came to America, 
where he raised an endowment of $50,000 
for a thcoloRicnl seminary, which has 
done excellent work. Four men also went 
out as reinforcements. In 1876 the con- 
verts numbered 3,269. Then came the 
famine which wrought a crisis, resulting 



MISSIONS 



in 10,000 baptisms in a single year— a 
record that thrilled the missionary world. 
Seldom has there been a famine with such 
loss of life. Mr. Clough took a govern- 
ment contract for digging three miles of 
(he Buckingham Canal, between Madras 
and Bezwada, about 250 miles. He had a 
village of palm-leaf huts built, and wells 
dug, and to this camp at Razupakm he 
invited all who could come and work. 
There were 3,000 there all the time, many 
coming and going. The sick were brought 
on litlers; many that walked from villages 
afar off, grew exhausted and lay down on. 
the road to die. His staff of preachers, 
thirty in number, were his overseers. 
Each was responsible for a company of 
one hundred diggers, and soon became ac- 
quainted with them. It any sat down for 
a short rest the preacher joined them, and 
heard of the scattered families and those 
who had died. 

While the famine lasted none were bap- 
tized. Hundreds came but were told to 
wait. The preachers, going about on 
their fields, saw that whole villages were 
ready. In June, 1878, Mr. Clough wrote 
to them to come to Vellumpilly, ten miles 
north of Ongole, that they might reorgan- 
Lie for work, but requested them to leave 
the converts behind. When he arrived 
there, however, he found a multitude wait- 
ing for him. He mounted a wall to look 
into their faces and told them he had no 
more money to give, and asked them to 
go home. They cried, "We do not want 
help. By the blisters on our hands we 
can prove to you (hat we have worked 
and will continue to work. If ihe next 
crop fail, we shall die. We want to die 



as Christians. Baptize us therefore!" He 
dared not refuse longer to receive them 
into the church of Christ. 

Inquiry meetings on a large scale were 
now held. Each preacher gathered the 
converts from his special field together, 
and with the heads of households to as- 
sist him, he conducted his examination. 
Searching questions were asked and many 
were sent away. On the first day, July 
2d, 1878, a beginning was made, 614 were 
baptized; on the next day, 2,222 followed; 
on the third day there were 700 more, 
making 3,536 in three days. The multi- 
tude gathered on the bank of the Gund- 
lacumma River, where the water at this 
season of the year was fairly deep. The 
six ordained preachers took turns, two 
officiating at a time. The names of the 
candidates were read; without delay and 
without confusion one followed the other. 
As one preacher pronounced the formula; 
•'I baptize thee in the name of the Father, 
the Son, and the Holy Ghost," the other 
preacher had a candidate before him 
ready to speak again those words and to 
baptize him likewise. And thus it was 
not difficult to immerse 2,222 in one day. 
Mr. Clough did not baptize any during 
those days. He stood on a bank over- 
looking the scene, helping and directing. 
Before Ihe year was over, 9,666 members 
had been added to the Church at Ongolc, 
making a total membership of 13,000. 

And this ingathering continued. The 
Madiga community was shaken to the 
foundations; the old gods were forsaken 
and evil customs put aside. In every case 
Ihc individual had lo give an account of 
his faith in Christ, but after that the grc- 



54 



MISSIONS 



garious character of a tribal movement 
had its effect. Families came; villages 
came. In 1883 Dr. Clough had a member- 
ship of 21,000 in his mission, and the nom- 
inal adherents counted from four to five 
times that number. The movement ex- 
tended over 7,000 square miles and the 
country became dotted with hundreds of 
Madiga Christian hamlets. 

Ten years of hard work passed, and 
again the Christians in his field numbered 
20,000 and more. Dr. Clough was break- 
ing down under his load. Then Dr. Ma- 
bie came to Ongole on his tour of the 
mission fields, and persuaded Dr. Clough 
to come to America and find twenty-five 
men for the Telugus. He arrived in 
America in 1890, and did not rest until the 
men were found. He collected $50,000 to 
send them out, build homes for them and 
establish new mission stations. He also 
raised $50,000 to make a college of the 
Ongole High School. In 1892 he returned 
to India. In 1893 Mrs. Clough, who had 
been sojourning in America, died as a 
result of a distressing accident. She was 
greatly beloved among the Telugus and 
left two sons and three daughters. Two 
of the latter married missionaries and are 
at work in Ongole and Madras. In 1894 
Dr. Clough married Miss Emma Rauschen- 
busch who had previously been a worker 
in the mission. When famines again vis- 
ited India, twice he took contracts under 
the government to furnish relief for the 
thousands of the starving ones. In Jan- 
uary, 1901, Dr. Clough baptized more than 
1,500 men and women, and many more 
were waiting for the ordinance out in the 
villages. 

While in the midst of this ingathering, 
in camp twenty miles from home, he fell 
and broke his thigh. For weeks he lay 
at death's door and finally was compelled 
to start on his journey to America on a 
stretcher. In spite of the best medical 
treatment, he never regained vigorous 
health; but, unwilling to be separated 
from his beloved Telugus, returned to 
them in 1902. In 1906, forced by increas- 
ing weakness, he retired from active ser- 
vice, but remained in India until the 
spring of 1910, when he came back to 
America, bearing his heavy burden of 
suffering until his death, which occurred 
at the Graham Sanatorium in Rochester, 
N. Y., Nov. 23d, 1910. 

THE FUNERAL SERVICES 

On Saturday afternoon, Nov. 26th, many 
gathered at Newton Center for the funeral 
•ervices of Dr. Clough. The entire ser- 



vice was impressive and beautiful. The 
invocation was made by Dr. C. H. Spald- 
ing and was followed by the hymn, "For- 
ever with the Lord, Amen: so let it be," 
sung at the request of Mrs. Clough, who 
through severe illness was unable herself 
to be present. The Scripture was read 
by Rev. M. B. Levy, who also introduced 
the speakers, of whom the first was Rev. 
William B. Boggs, D.D., Ramapatnam, 
South India, who went to India in 1878 
to be associated with Dr. Clough. Dr. 
Boggs emphasized three prominent char- 
acteristics of his friend : his independence, 
generosity, and love for the Telugus. In 
regard to his rare power. Dr. Boggs said : 
"He could sway by personal influence 
great assemblies of native people, Chris- 
tian and non-Christian, more irresistibly 
and completely than any man I have ever 
seen. He could move great bodies of the 
non-caste people to adopt the course that 
he commended to them. He was the hu- 
man instrument in making Christianity a 
recognized, acknowledged and influential 
movement, and a large and permanent 
factor in all that portion of the Telugu 
country." 

Rev. W. L. Ferguson, D.D., of Madras, 
South India, spoke from the standpoint 
of the missionary. He dwelt upon Dr. 
Clough's strength of belief, largeness of 
vision, simplicity, and capacity for hard 
work. In a brief resume of what has 
taken shape in the Telugu Mission during 
the seventy-four years of Dr. Clough's 
life — for he was born the same year that 
the first Baptist missionary sailed for In- 
dia to work among these people — Dr. 
Ferguson mentions that to-day there are 
to be found there more than 100 mission- 
aries, 60,000 communicant members, 200,- 
000 adherents, day schools by the hun- 
dred, four high schools, three normal 
schools, an industrial school, a college, a 
theological seminary, and ten dispensaries 
and hospitals. 

The last speaker was Dr. George Bul- 
len, who spoke in behalf of the Board of 
Managers. He gave his own impressions 
of Dr. Clough. "He knew how to touch 
men, how to persuade men, how to win 
men. He was a successful business man. 
He was a man of great personality." 

The interment was at the cemetery in 
Newton Center, not far from the graves 
of Dr. Lyman Jewett, Dr. S. F. Smith and 
Dr. J. G. Warren, whose names, together 
with those of Dr. Clough and Rev. S. S. 
Day, will forever be associated with the 
history of our Telugu Mission. 



MISSIONS 55 

V5nn 



Missionary Program Topics for 1911* 

January. Our Work among Forkign Populations. 

February. Our Work for Mexicans and Indians. 

March. The Western States: Status and Outlook. 

April. The World's King and How He Conquers. 

May. CoLPORTER Work. 

June. Our Denominational Power and Obligations 

(Meetings in Philadelphia.) 

July. Our Obligations to Porto Rico and Philippines. 

August. State Convention Work. 

September. Reports from China. 

October. Reports from India. 

November. Trials and Triumphs in Europe. 

December. African Missions. 

*Tliese topics are uniform with those selected for the Northern Baptist Convention by Dr. 
A. S. Hobart, appointed to make a program series for the churches. 

(6) 

Our Foreign Populations: Their Conditions and Needs 

program for the JANUARY MEETING 

1. Hymn (Patriotic or National). Forward Movement Hymnal No. 34. 

2. Scripture Reading. Matt. 25:31-46. 

3. Prayer, especially for the incoming millions, that here they may find the gospel 

light and life. 

4. What the Downtown Church can do for the Foreign Peoples (see Missions, 

page 29, this number). 

5. The Russian Baptists in Pueblo, Colorado (reading from Missions, page 45). 

6. Hymn. Patriotic selection, or Forward Hymnal No. 33. 

7. How AN Italian was Converted (brief sketch in Missions, page 52). 

8. A Model Missionary Association (Missions, page 40). 

9. The Item Box (brief items about immigrants gathered from all sources). 

10. Special Prayers for the spread of the gospel among the foreign peoples who are 

making a home here. 

11. Closing Hymn (My Country, 'tis of Thee). 

If the leader can get a copy of Aliens or Americans? some interesting facts may 
be gleaned and some illustrations, which may be substituted for material suggested 
above. The Home Mission Society will also furnish information about its work 
among the foreigners, on request. 



FEBRUARY TOPIC: OUR WORK FOR MEXICANS AND INDIANS. 

Material for the program on Mexico will be found in the fine Mexican article in 
Missions for December, covering the country and mission work. The number will 
be sent on request. Two interesting sketches from the Indian field are given in this 
number. The Home Mission Society will send an Indian pamphlet on application. 



CONDUCTED BT SBCBBTARY J 



This 



1 the 



The Waiting Isles 

ibject of the Home Mis 






: by I 



Sunday schools, March 19th, whi 
ready. This program will be found par- 
ticularly strong in its musical selections. 
It contains, too, a great deal o£ informa- 
tion concerning Cuba and Porto Rico and 
our missionary work there, closing with 
the following beautiful tableau : 

TABLEAU 

Twelve girls appear on the platform 
dressed in white, each having a shoulder 
sash of red and yellow (Spanish colors) 
and each bearing a Spanish flag. Six rep- 
resent Cuba and six Porto Rico. (In a 
small school, three girls can be employed, 
 or even one, instead of six.) 

One of the Porto Rican girls recites 
a poem, "The Isles Shall Wait His Com- 
ing." Cuban girls then sing "Cuban Na- 
tional Hymn." The men of the school 
sing it the second time, and all the school 

After the song is repeated, a larger girl, 
dressed in red, white and blue, imper- 
sonating "America," appears, bearing 
sashes and flags of United States and 
Cuba. She relieves the Spanish girls of 
their Spanish Hags and sashes, substi- 
tutes therefor the colors of the United 
Slates for Porto Rico, and Cuban flags 
for Cuba. The sashes are the same for 
both cases. 

Then the whole school rises and al! 
sing, "Hail, Stars and Stripes." 

As the school is seated, a young woman 
and man. each bearing a United States 
flag and an open Bible, enter. The young 

"Cuba and Porto Ricot I represent the 
American Baptist Home Mission Society, 
and my companion represents the Wo- 
man's American Baptist Home Mission 
Society. We wish to offer you the open 
Bible." 

Cuban and Porlo Rican girls answer: 



"Send us Bibles and 
teachers." 

School thereupon rises and sings: "Hail 
to the Brightness of Zion's Glad Morn- 
ing." 

In connection with this concert exer- 
cise, there is provided a monthly ten- 
minute opening service for use in Janu- 
ary, February and March, the same ser- 
vice to be used three times, but with the 
introduction of new stories and report 
letters. All this, together with free liter- 
ature for distribution on the Sunday pre- 
ceding the Home Mission concert, and 
attractive envelopes or mite boxes for 
offerings are provided by the Forward 
Movement. Orders for samples or sup- 
plies for use in connection with this Home 
Mission period should be sent to the Bap- 
tist Forward Movement ( New York 
office), 23 East 26th St., New York City. 
 

The Adult Bible Class and Missions 

At ihe Sunday School Conference of 
the Young People's Missionary Move- 
ment, held annually at Silver Bay, New 
York, an attempt is made each year to 
study some particular phase of the prob- 
lem of missionary education in the Sun- 
day school. This year the subject studied 
was the Adult Bible Class and Missions, 
and the piece of constructive work done 
by the Conference follows. It is espe- 
cially commended to teachers of adult 
Bible classes, and correspondence with 
such teachers is solicited by the Forward 
Movement. 

I. Aim and SrorE of the Adult Bible 
Class. 

The adult Bible class, organized or 
unorganized, is an integral part of the 
Bible school of the church with which it 
may be connected and should be so re- 
lated; its indispensable text-book is the 
Bible; and the aim of such classes should 
be to discover and perform God's world- 



MISSIONS 



57 



program, in His advancing kingdom, for 
and through its members. Other aims, 
however important, are secondary and 
shonld be so treated. 

II. Missionary Okganization of the 
Adult Bible Class. 

There should be a missionary commit- 
tee of the adult Bible class to provide for 
and direct the missionary education and 
activity of the class. The chairman should 
be a member of the missionary commit- 
tee of the school. 

III. Methods or Missionary Education 
IN THE Adult Bible Class. 

The following methods are not mutu- 
ally exclusive. They may be used separ- 
ately or in connection with one another 
as may seem best: 

1. Missionary environment, to be cre- 
ated by the use of such visible objects as 
charts, diagrams, pictures, mottoes, curi- 
os, bulletin boards, books and literature. 

2. Investigation of local reugious 
PROBLEMS. There are religious problems 
peculiar to the locality of every adult 
Bible class which demand investigation, 
report and prayerful discussion in order 
to their solution. 

3. Informal instruction in connection 
with the Bible lessons. 

(a) Introduction into the opening or 
closing exercises of hymns or scripture, 
with a missionary significance and the 
use of definite prayer for missions. 

(b) Emphasis upon the missionary in- 
terpretation of a scripture passage clearly 
permitting it. 

(c) The use of illustrations from pres- 
ent-day life in the home and foreign mis- 
sion fields. 

(d) Class reporters appointed to bring 
in items of interest from the mission 
fields and mention current events which 
have reference to the progress of the 
Kingdom of God. 

(e) Brief extracts from letters from the 
mission fields. 

4. Formal instruction — that is, courses 
of study on special missionary topics. 

(a) Suggested themes. The Biblical 
basis and warrant for missions, mission- 
ary biography, the study of particular 
fields, problems and phases of Christian 
work. There is provided an up-to-date 
list of courses on these topics, adapted to 
adult Bible classes. This list and the 
books referred to can be obtained from 
the Forward Movement, Ford Building, 
Boston, Mass. 



(b) Suggestions for use: (1) The Re- 
port Method, by which in successive or- 
der, resumes of the chapters of a text- 
book, or topics for discussion suggested 
in such chapters, are presented to a class 
from time to time by members of the 
class. 

(2) The Text-book Method, by which 
a text-book is in the hands of each stu- 
dent, and is studied for a period of suc- 
cessive Sundays. This involves the con- 
sideration of a portion of scripture in its 
relation to the particular topic studied in 
the text-book. 

(3) The Mid-week Study Class Meth- 
od, by which the class meets at some 
designated time other than the Sunday 
school hour. 

IV. Activities. The adult Bible class 
should express its missionary spirit 
and purpose : 

1. By encouraging each member to co- 
operate with the other organizations in 
support of all the activities of the local 
church, and to give systematically and 
proportionately to missions. 

2. By engaging constantly in some 
definite and practical missionary activity 
(local, home and foreign). See "Fifty- 
eight Varieties : One Better," 5 cents, to 
be obtained from the Forward Move- 
ment, Ford Building, Boston, Mass. 



A Confucianist's Testimony to the Gen- 
uineness of Christianity 

The work of the colporter in China is 
full of varied experiences and he never 
knows as he goes from village to village 
just what sort of a reception the people 
will give him. Sometimes he meets frank 
curiosity and amusement, sometimes re- 
spectful attention, sometimes taunts and 
jeers and sometimes, too, real cordiality 
and interest. Not long ago a government 
school teacher not far from Chaoyang, in 
South China, called a colporter info his 
school, bought a copy of everything the 
bookseller had, then turned to him and 
said : "Your religion is the genuine thing. 
We are Confucianists, but we don't be- 
lieve it enough either to practice it or to 
try to get any one else to accept it. But 
you Christians give your time and money 
to your religion, try to make converts, 
and bear all sorts of reviling and cursing. 
I am going to help you preach." Such 
an experience is worth to the colporter 
all the taunts and jeers and hard work 
that are his lot. 



MISSIONS 



"The World in Boston" 

The great Missionary Exposition which 
is to he held at Mechanics' Building, Bos- 
ton, next spring, is enlisting an enthusias- 
tic support from all denominations main- 
taining workers in the foreign and home 
missionary fields, and it is hardly too 
much to say that on no other occasion 
has so hearty and spontaneous a response 
been given by the churches of Boston and 
vicinity to an appeal for a united demon- 
stration on behalf of missionary efforts 
as has been accorded the plea of the Rev, 
A. M. Gardner that Boston should lead 
the way for America in adopting the ex- 
position principle which has proven of 
auch great and lasting benefit to the mis- 
sionary cause in England. 

The purpose of the Exposition as set 
forth by Dr. Gardner, who fills the im- 
portant posts of secretary and manager 
of "The World in Boston," is to illustrate 
as fully as may be, and by as many meth- 
ods as are possible, (1) The life of the 
people in non-Christian lands and in the 
home mission fields under the American 
flag on its domestic, social, commercial, 
and especially its religious side; (2) the 
work of home and foreign missionaries, 
and the various methods they employ; 
(3) the results of missionary labor and 
the difference the Gospel of Christ is 
making among the people. 

To realize the high purpose aimed at 
by the Exposition, it is, as Dr. Gardner 
says in continuing his statement, intended 
to reproduce as far as possible the fields 
of missionary operations, both home and 
foreign. All the non-Christian countries 
of the world will be included, as well as 
every kind of home missionary activity. 
Court! will be arranged representing the 
different countries. Into these interesting 
articles of all kinds will be collected and 
there labelled, classified and explained. 
Special scenes will also be constructed 
representing, among other things, a Jap- 
anese temple, garden and street, including 
shops, stores, tea-houses, summer-houses. 



etc.; Chinatown, including a pagoda, > ' 
joss house, an opium den and various in- 
dustries, shops and stores; an Indian vil- 
lage and bazaar, including a Wayside 
Shrine, a Kali temple, a Kashmir House, 
the Towers of Silence, and a Zenana; an 
African village, including a mission house, 
church, mosque, devil hut, Yoruba Com- 
pound, medicine store, well, granery etc.; 
and a Mohammedan Lands Section, with 
a Turkish Mosque and Khan, an Arab 
Compound, Palestine houses and a Bed- 
ouin tent. There will also be a Hall of 
Religions, containing tbe representations 
of seven of the great religions of the 
world; an exhibit from Hawaii; sections 
devoted to medical, industrial and educa- 
tional missions, and work among lepen; 
Bible stalls, literature stalls, a court con- 
taining relics of famous missionaries, a 
court representing city life and work; and 
large exhibits representing missionary 
work among the American Indiabt, the 
Negroes, the immigrants, the mountain 
whites, upon the frontier, and in Cuba 
and Porto Rico. 

On every week-day, afternoon and eve- 
ning, a "Pageant of Darkness and Light" 
will be presented, illustrating the tri- 
umphs of Christianity in every part of the 
world. 

To enlist the young people of the many 
churches interested, as volunteer aids to 
the various departments of the Bxposi- 
lion and as participants in the Pageant, & 
series of rallies has been held in which 
(he duties of these Stewards, as the vol- 
unteers are called, were explained and the 
purpose of the movement advanced by 
many of its ablest supporters. 

The earnest way in which the work has 
been taken up in Boston has aroused 
great interest in other American cities, 
and Cleveland and Toronto have alreadjr 
expre5sed their determination to (loW 
similar expositions. The undertaking hu 
already assumed proportions of su^h in^- 
portance that the Missionary Exposition 
Company has been organized in New 



MISSIONS 



59 



City and will undertake the con- 
tion of these expositions, thus en- 
f the various cities wishing to hold 
ir expositions, without incurring the 

Initial cost, to rent the various 
i scenes, villages, temples, courts, etc. 

n to Prayer for the Christian Women 

connection with the series of suc- 
al meetings held in fifteen places 
Detroit on the east to Portland and 
ind on the west, in honor of the 
se of Women's Foreign Missionary 
ties, a call to prayer was issued, with 
ollowing subjects covering a week: 

AY — Pray for the world-wide work 
oppressed and helpless women and 
Idren. 

lAY — Pray for the Executive and Ad- 
listrative leaders of the Woman's 
isionary Jubilee. 

DAY — Pray for our own Committees 
I all who have any part in making 
plans. 

resDAY — Pray that the people and 



churches of your State and city may 
realize this opportunity and privilege. 

Thursday — Pray for a deeper sense of ob- 
ligation in all who attend these meet- 
ings or are touched by them; for a 
truer conception of the mission of the 
church; for more consecration and sac- 
rifice. 

Friday — Pray for the indiflferent and unin- 
formed women. 

Saturday — Pray that the sole reliance 
may be on the power of the Holy Spirit, 
the sole aim that God may receive all 
glory always and in all things. 
Prayer hour each morning at 9 o'clock. 

We suggest that this program might be 
repeated during the Week of Prayer ap- 
pointed by the Evangelical Alliance, sub- 
stituting for the Monday topic, now that 
the meetings are over, special prayer for 
the home mission fields and workers, and 
that American women may realize their 
opportunity to comfort, teach and evan- 
gelize their sisters of foreign birth who 
are flocking into our country. 

Thus the influence of the Jubilee Meet- 
ings may be perpetuated and extended. 




FROM THE FAR LANDS 



A Missionary Rendezvous 

5 Westminster Chapel, London, Eng- 
has introduced in connection with 
3rk a "missionary rendezvous." An 
nal rally will be held every Satur- 
vening at half-past seven from Octo- 
3 May, with Dr. G. Campbell Mor- 
:he church's minister, presiding. Mis- 
ries of all denominations and nation- 
\ arc cordially welcomed to the ren- 
ins and a few words from them in 
d to the location of their field and 
ature of their work will be appre- 
L The main idea is to provide an 
tunity for fellowship, a word of wel- 
and god speed. This is character- 
of Dr. Morgan, who is as widely 
n and beloved in this country as in 
wn. 

 

I of a Senior Missionary to Burma 

Nov. 25th the Foreign Mission So- 
received a cablegram announcing 
sath of Rev. E. O. Stevens, D.D., of 
I, Burma. Dr. Stevens was the son 



of Rev. E. A. Stevens, one of our early 
missionaries in Burma. In 1848, when but 
ten years of age. Dr. Stevens was baptized 
by his father at Moulmein. In 1851 Dr. 
Stevens came to America for education 
and entered his father's alma mater, 
Brown University, from which he grad- 
uated in 1861. Continuing in his father's 
steps, he studied for the ministry at New- 
ton Theological Institution, receiving his 
degree in 1864. That same year he was ap- 
pointed a missionary under the Foreign 
Mission Society and was designated to 
Prome, Burma. In September, 1865, at 
Brooklyn, N. Y., he was married to Miss 
Harriet C. Mason, herself a daughter of 
one of our missionaries. Rev. Francis 
Mason, of Burma. The next month they 
sailed for Prome, arriving there Feb. 22d, 
1866. They continued in their work at 
Prome until 1869, when they were ap- 
pointed to Moulmein, but returned to 
Prome in 1900 and later to Insein. In 
addition to evangelistic and station work. 
Dr. Stevens has devoted himself espe- 
cially to Burmese literary work, and K^^ 



60 



M I S S I ON S 



recently had the pleasure of having pub- 
lished by the British and Foreign Bible 
Society a portion of the New Testament 
in Pali. One of his last undertakings was 
the Historical Sketch of the Pegu Bur- 
mese Baptist Association, written in Bur- 
mese. Dr. Stevens' faithful, careful lit- 
erary service will be sorely missed in 
Burma, and his death makes a wide gap 
in the missionary circle. He has given 
forty-four years to the foreign mission 
cause. He leaves a wife and four chil- 
dren. He was probably the last man liv- 
ing who remembered a personal meeting 
with Dr. Adoniram Judson. The spirit 
with which he continued to labor under 
physical disabilities known to few men 
ranks him among the missionary heroes. 



Dr. Myen' Rare 

"Just before I left the Congo country 
I took part in a picturesque ceremony 
that I never shall forget. It was the bap- 
tism of half a hundred black men who 
but a few years ago were savage, man- 
eating brutes. The spirit of Christianity 
had been carried to them by Dr. Joseph 
Clark in charge of the mission at Ikoko, 
on the Congo, and marvels had been 
wrought. The sharks had been driven 
back from the shore and the men had 
waded out and formed a semi-circle in 
the waters facing us on the shore. Then 
Dr. Clark began at one end of the line 
and I at the other, baptizing these sav- 
ages, who but a short time ago ate human 
flesh." 

 

Heathendom via Europe 

American Baptists will be making a 
lamentable mistake should they fail to en- 
large their work in Europe. When one 
considers the missionary power of the 
German Baptists and remembers that 
through them the Missionary Union is or- 
ganizing scores of vigorous churches in 
Eastern Europe and in the Cameroons, 
Africa, where their work has been so suc- 
cessful that it has won favorable regard 
by the emperor for Baptist work in Ger- 
many, it would seem blindness not to 
assist as largely as possible such produc- 
tive fields. France has had, and will have 
her own peculiar difficulties, but the same 
missionary spirit has taken hold of many 
of our younger and older men there. Great 
advance may be expected in Switzerland, 
and the French Congo is now on the 
hearts of the churches. Frenchmen make, 
I am told, most practical and self-sacrific- 



ing missionaries and we may get recruits 
for Africa and Asia before long now. Mr. 
Saillens when a young man was refused 
appointment by the Reformed Missionary 
Society as missionary because of his views 
respecting baptism. To-day I am assured 
the younger missionaries of that same So- 
ciety to the French Congo practise believ- 
ers' baptism, and in most cases immerse. 
Europe is good soil for the sowing of 
Baptist seed. Let us hold on; nay» let us 
enlarge instead of decreasing. I feel so 
deeply on this subject that I find no words 
with which to express myself. — H. P. 
McCoRMiCK, former General Missionary 
in France, Spain and Porto Rico. 

 

An Unenviable Sea-Vojage 

On my way to North China to visit 
Mrs. Ufford's parents, I had an experi- 
ence which I should not care to repeat. 
The journey was uneventful as far as 
Chefoo. At Chefoo I took passage on a 
small Chinese coast steamer for Teng- 
chow. When we left Chefoo all seemed 
favorable even though storm signals had 
been displayed the night before. We had 
not been out an hour, however, before a 
fog settled over us. As we went on the 
fog became more dense. Aside from 
blowing a little squeaky, wheezy whistle 
a few times, the captain appeared to pay 
no attention to the fog. At one time we 
narrowly escaped collision with a large 
junk. In spite of that, the vessel ran 
"full speed ahead" from the time we left 
Chefoo until we came to an abrupt and 
unexpected stop on the rocks at Chstng- 
shantao, an island ten miles north of 
Tengchow. Very fortunately the vessel 
did not spring a leak, nor was the sea 
very high. Consequently the passengers, 
of whom I was the only foreigner, all 
reached land without mishap. The boat 
went aground at two in the afternoon, and 
at nine in the evening the tide came in 
and floated her off. The passengers had 
by that time made their arrangements for 
the night in the villages on the island, so 
we did not get off for Tengchow until the 
next morning. We had been twenty-four 
hours in getting to a place which we 
should have reached in five! — ^A. F. Uf- 

FORD, Shaohsing. 

 

A Logical Agreement 

Marriage customs in Burma are pecul- 
iar. A missionary reports a remarkable 
marriage at Haka, the remarkable feature 
seeming to be that the couple loved each 



MISSIONS 



61 



other. The bridegroom declared he was 
in love, and the bride said she had wait- 
ed a long time for him to propose. He 
paid $15 for her, and deserves happiness. 
If he makes the home uncomfortable, she 
will return to her mother and he loses his 
money. On the other hand, if she de- 
cides to go home of her own accord, he 
gets back his $15. The law seems well 
balanced, with no complaint possible on 
cither side. 

 
Death of a Missionary's Son 
At the hospital in Newark, Ohio, on 
Nov. 6th, Edgar Heinrichs, the eldest son 
of Rev. J. Heinrichs, President of the 
Baptist Theological Seminary at Rama- 
patnam. South India, in the twenty-first 
year of his age, passed away after several 
weeks of severe illness. Both he and his 
younger brother Waldo were attending 
Denison University at Granville, Ohio. 
The deepest sympathy is felt for the be- 
reaved family. Such afflictions as this 
reveal what missionary life involves with 
its frequently necessary separation of 
parents and children. There is no greater 
self-sacrifice. 

Marriage of a Former Missionary 

On Oct. 5th, 1910, Miss Melissa Carr, 
for fourteen years a missionary to Burma, 
was married to Rev. William E. Whitaker 
of Willits, California. 

Seeking the Light 

The following letter from a Japanese to 
the agent of the American Bible Society 
is suggestive as showing how the Japan- 
ese are seeking the light: 

"Dear Mr. Loomis: I hd^e you are 
quite well. There are many religions in 
the world, I know, but my family in past 
times have not been religiously inclined. 
As I had a little leisure to-day I took 
down from the shelf and read in a care- 
less way a copy of the New Testament 
which had been lying there neglected a 
long time. To my surprise, I found it 
full of the words of virtue that are all 
beneficial to us. And now by this means 
my family, who have been so long out of 
the right way, were awakened for the first 
to take and adopt this teaching as our 
family religion. But unfortunately we do 
not know how to believe it and have no 
one to teach us its way. As the publisher 
of such a valuable book, I suppose that 
you are a believer of this religion. If 
you will be 90 kind as to let US know hQw 



to get out of superstition, please favor me 
by sending us magazines or books which 
teach us about it. And also I wish you 
will report to your native country that I 
have determined to believe Christianity 
together with my family. — K. M." This 
large and continuous demand for Bibles 
is a sure indication of a real desire among 
the Japanese to know what the teachings 
of Christianity are. It is reported that 
there is among the students especially a 
keen desire to know the life and teachings 
of Christ, and when we consider that 
more than five million copies of Bibles, 
Testaments, and portions of the Word 
have been circulated in this country dur- 
ing the last thirty years, it is a wonder 
that so many are being sold all the time. 

Montclair Church Forward 

The pastor appointed a church mission- 
ary committee; this committee took the 
honor seriously and arranged a lively 
campaign for Missions, with the inten- 
tion of having it in every family in the 
church. Everyland is also making itself 
well known among the children, every 
subscriber looking forward to taking part 
in the children's pageant, or "Everyland 
Party" as it is known, the subscription 
being the entrance requirement. Other 
features planned are a library, to be de- 
veloped shortly; a systematic presenta- 
tion of missionary work in the Sunday 
school; a Friendship Calendar, in prepar- 
ation, to be forwarded to our missionary 
on the field, Dr. Russell Adkins, of Kit- 
yang, South China; while a medical box, 
also for Dr. Adkins, is to be the outlet 
for the enthusiasm of the young people. 
Then there is a monthly meeting devoted 
to missions, the first of which was held 
on Sept. 28, when Rev. and Mrs. H. J. 
Openshaw, of Western China, gave a 
most stimulating talk, and a monthly 
summary of missionary news was given. 
Are we not justified in claiming "Mont- 
clair Church forward for missions"? 

Carrie B. Chapman. 

Foreign Missionary Record 

8AILED 

Prom Boston. Nov. 23. Rev. W. W. Cochrane, 

for Haipaw, Burma. 
From Boston. Nov. 23, Rev. W. H. Roberts, for 

Bhamo. Burma. 
From New York. Dec. 3. Rev. Ola Hanson, Lltt. 

D.. for Myltkylna. Burma. 
From New York. Dec. 3. Professor L. E. Martin, 

for Ongole, South India. 

niRTH 

On Nov. 1, 1010. at Rangoon, Burma, to Rev. 
ana Mr», T, J. I^tta, b, eon, John Davi^. 



62 



MISSIONS 




FROM THE HOME LANDS 



The New Mexico Convention 

The situation in New Mexico has not 
improved, but rather become worse. The 
outcome of the State Convention at Tu- 
cumcari was that, when the majority 
voted to remain in affiliation with the 
American Baptist Home Mission Society, 
which had labored for sixty years to up- 
build our churches in New Mexico and 
had not only fostered the churches but 
made the Convention possible, the minor- 
ity withdrew and organized a seceding 
convention. So that division and increased 
bitterness will result and great harm come 
to the churches and the cause of Chris- 
tianity in the new State. In the state- 
ment which he sent to the Convention, 
Dr. Morehouse showed how earnestly the 
Home Mission Society had sought to 
come to some amicable agreement with the 
Southern Home Board, but that the prop- 
osition for a conference committee had 
been rejected by the latter. The New 
Mexico Baptist Bulletin says the new 
Convention claims 45 of the 135 churches, 
but that only one of them is self-sustain- 
ing, and many have only from seven to 
twenty members; financially it has about 
one-fifth of the Baptist strength. 

During the Convention a number of ef- 
forts were made to reach some basis of 
agreement that would "save the Baptist 
forces from wasting their strength in sui- 
cidal divisions," as the Bulletin puts it, 
but in vain. After the majority had ex- 
pressed itself on the matter of alignment 
adversely to the Southern Convention, 
several attempts were made to nullify this 
action. The Convention, however, trans- 
acted its business, re-elected Rev. P. W. 
Longfellow, the efficient secretary, and 
passed resolutions defining a cooperating 
church as one "that must support with at 
least one annual offering, if she be able to 
do so, the work of our territorial missions, 
and also the work of the American Bap- 
tist Home Mission and Publication Socie- 
ties." Before the struggle was over, the 
president, Rev. George R. Varney, pastor 
at Tucumcari, begged that "the strife be 
discontinued, urging the unfavorable in- 
fluence which the contention was having 
upon his church and the unsaved in the 



town." That is the statement in the offi- 
cial report. The whole affair is signally 
unfortunate and reflects seriously upon 
the agitators who have caused the trouble 
and should be held responsible for it 



OFFICIAL ACTION OF THE HOME MISSION 

SOCIETY 

New York, Dec. 12th, 1910. 
The Boabd of Managers of The American 
Baptist Home Mission Society to the 
Board of the New Mexico Baptist 
Convention. 

Dear Brethren: For about ten years 
we have maintained cordial cooperative 
relations with your Convention in the 
promotion of our missionary work in New 
Mexico. Long before that, the Society 
had so well cultivated the field that the 
Convention itself became part of its fruit- 
age. In 1909, when the question of 
continued cooperation with the Society 
was by a majority decided in its favor, we 
accepted the result with satisfaction and 
announced the Society's purpose to con- 
tinue indefinitely. With great persistence 
the agitation to the contrary was renewed 
during the year of your Convention clos- 
ing with November, 1910. Again the ma- 
jority favored continuance with the So- 
ciety. Your Board most naturally and 
properly acted upon the presumption that 
this action ^ould confirm the purpose of 
the Society to continue its cooperative 
work, and accordingly you proceeded in 
the usual way to pass upon the applica- 
tions for missionary appointments the 
coming year. 

The Board of Managers of The Ameri- 
can Baptist Home Mission Society, at its 
meeting in October, announced its pur- 
pose to stand by the Convention until cer- 
tain troublesome matters shall be peace- 
ably adjusted, and considers itself morally 
bound to respect the decision of the ma- 
jority of your Convention as the estab- 
lished and regular organization of the 
State. Being mindful also of the embar- 
rassment and distress which would befall 
the applicants for appointment and the 
strong friends of the Society in New Mex- 
ico by delay in these matters, we have 



MISSIONS 



63 



this day made all appointments as recom- 
mended by your Board. 

Fraternally yours, 

H. L. Morehouse, Cor. Sec'y. 



A Sunday Among the Arapahoea 

BY REV. O. L. GIBSON 

It was my happy privilege to spend a 
part of last Sunday with Missionary Rob- 
ert Hamilton and the Arapaho Indian 
Mission near Greenfield, Oklahoma. This 
mission consists of a five acre tract of 
land which is well improved by a beauti- 
ful church building, a small mess hall, and 
a neatly constructed parsonage. The In- 
dians within a radius of nine miles come 
to this place of worship and attend both 
morning and afternoon services, camping 
on the grounds and taking meals in the 
mess hall during the noon hour. 

Mr. Hamilton, who has spent fifteen 
years of his ministry in the "Indian mis- 
sion" work, can well be proud of this 
strong Indian church. After singing two 
American hymns in the morning service, 
the pastor requested them to sing "Arap- 
aho," when to his surprise they sang a 
new hymn which Brother Ridgbear had 
composed and taught the other Indians 
previous to our arrival at the church. 
They listened attentively to the sermon as 
it was interpreted by Jesse Bent, and at 
the close of the service gave liberally to 
the building fund of the Oklahoma Bap- 
tist College. 

One peculiarity about this church is the 
large number of Christian men in attend- 
ance, and the prominence given to the 
office of the deacon. The Indians have 
also been very Christlike in this giving. 
Last year this church gave to missions 
the total amount of $^.51, a consider- 
able increase over the gifts of any pre- 
vious year. 

At Greenfield the Baptists have the only 
religious organization in that part of the 
country. Under the leadership of Pastor 
Southall and Missionary Hamilton they 
are soon to erect a new meeting house. 
The church is composed largely of young 
people; but with about seventy members 
there is a fine outlook for a strong 
church. 

 

The Porto Rican Association 

With a field on this island as large as 
that of the Presbyterians or the Method- 
ists, we have four male missionaries to 
direct the work where each of these other 



bodies has thirteen. Consequently we are 
compelled to throw more responsibility 
on our Porto Rican helpers. The Asso- 
ciation which met at Caguas showed 
how well they are responding. During 
the past year the churches have for the 
first time supported a missionary of their 
own on the island. The treasurer's re- 
port showed all obligations met and $57 
left in the treasury. As a result of this 
work a new church of 31 members has 
been organized on their field. The ex- 
ecutive committee, consisting only of 
Porto Ricans, voted to increase their 
missionary's salary and buy him a horse 
for his work; also to pay a larger part 
on the rent of the building used for a 
church. The Home Mission Society helps 
in the rent, but there was an enthusiastic 
desire to become responsible for every 
part of the expense. 

The American missionaries have grad- 
ually withdrawn from the management of 
our church paper published in Spanish, 
and now we have Porto Ricans as editor 
and business manager. The paper is 
growing in favor, and subscriptions unso- 
licited are coming in from people outside 
of the Baptist field. The Association 
voted to send one of its number under- 
standing English to Philadelphia next 
June as a delegate to the Baptist World 
Alliance. The report for the year showed 
the largest number of baptisms yet re- 
ported, viz., 379. Our total membership 
is now 2,083 and our offerings for all pur- 
poses $2,875, also an increase over the 
previous year. — Rev. C. S. Detweiler, 
Ponce, P. R. 

Indian Post-Cards 

The Home Mission Society has just is- 
sued a most beautiful set of six post- 
cards, illustrating the manners and cus- 
toms of the Hopi and Navaho Indians. 
The colors are wonderfully natural and 
beautiful. The set will be sent, postpaid, 
for fifteen cents. Address Literature De- 
partment, American Baptist Home Mis- 
sion Society, 23 East 26th St., New York. 

Can You Meet This Need? 

Rev. E. F. Judgon, missionary at Grcy- 
bull, Wyoming, is in great need of Gospel 
song books for his mission in Crystal. He 
needs also an organ for Greybull. The 
services are greatly hindered because the 
present organ is one only in name. It is 
absolutely worthless. 



64 



MISSIONS 



The Second Slavic Baptist Convention 

BY REV. V. KSAUCEK 

The reports from all the Slavic fields 
were very encouraging. In spite of all 
the power of our enemies in the camps 
of superstition and atheism our work was 
progressive and successful. The twenty 
churches and missions reported 1,149 
members, and 129 baptisms during the 
last year. Also over $400 was collected 
among our Slavic churches and missions 
for church building purposes. 

The greatest interest centered around 
the following three points : 1. How to do 
the missionary work more efficiently and 
how to deepen the spiritual life in our 
churches; 2. How to get a better educa- 
tion for our present and future mission- 
ary workers; 3. How to help a missionary 
worker who needs help in management 
and education of the church, in removal, 
of difficulties and in evangelistic efforts. 
It was a common feeling that all three 
things are of the greatest importance for 
the present and future development of 
our Slavic work, and the discussion found 
its expression in the following resolu- 
tions: (1) When we consider the earnest 
effort of our Theological Seminary in 
Rochester to support our Slavic students 
and through the German Department to 
educate and train our young men for mis- 
sionary work, we are thoroughly moved 
in our hearts to give thanks and to ad- 
vise our Slavic churches to send all 
money collected among them for edu- 
cational purposes to our German De- 
partment in Rochester. But because 
we have at present among our Slavic 
churches many young men who are ready 
to do missionary work and want to get 
a sufficient preparation, but are not able 
to study either in English or in the Ger- 
man language, therefore we beg our 
Northern Baptist Convention to establish, 
if possible, a missionary school for Slavic 
workers in connection with an English 
institution in a State where Slavs are 
most thickly settled. 

(2) When we consider the interest 
and support of our Northern Baptist Con- 
vention, our Home Mission Society, and 
our city mission societies in the mission- 
ary work among Slavs, we feel very deep- 
ly our obligation, and we thank them for 
it and beg them for increased interest in 
our Slavic people, not only from the 
standpoint of a Christian, but also from 
the standpoint of a citizen of this great 
Republic. (3) Also among all the Slavic 



missionary workers it was felt very deep- 
ly the necessity of helping them on their 
local fields in educating their members, 
in overcoming their difficulties, and in 
evangelizing the peoples, and therefore 
it was resolved to beg our Home Mission 
Society to consider the possibility of ap- 
pointing a capable man, who would ren- 
der such help in these matters as might 
be needed. 

President Taft at Virginia Union 
University 

November 23rd was a red-letter day at 
Virginia Union University. The routine 
of recitation periods was first broken by 
a beautifully illustrated and most instruc- 
tive lecture by the famous naturalist and 
bird-lover Mr. Henry Chapman. He 
spoke of the value of birds to man and 
of man's ruthless slaughter of most beau- 
tiful and valuable kinds until whole spe- 
cies are nearly extinct. He then spoke 
of migratory birds, and especially of the 
pelicans, and threw on the screen the 
beautiful pictures which he himself, after 
years of effort, succeeded in taking at a 
distance of but a few feet from the living 
birds in their lonely island haunts. 

Soon after Mr. Chapman's lecture. Pres- 
ident Taft, in an automobile — following a 
route in which the committee of arrange- 
ments had consented to include Virginia 
Union University — with six accompany- 
ing automobiles, drove into the school 
grounds. The four hundred and more 
students of the University and of Harts- 
horn College and the teachers, gathered 
in front of the Lecture Hall, greeted him 
with enthusiastic cheers. President Hovey 
welcomed him heartily and announced 
that his Excellency, Governor Mann, 
would introduce the President of the 
United States. In a few suitable words 
the Governor presented President Taft, 
w^ho spoke from the automobile as fol- 
lows: 

"Young Men and Women: I am very 
glad to see you here this morning, and to 
know that you are here for the purpose 
of education. This is a theological school, 
a college, and an academy. The theolog- 
ical school is for the purpose of educating 
ministers to lead your people. Objection 
has been made to the expenditure of 
money for higher education among col- 
ored boys and girls, and I thought at one 
time that the criticism was well founded; 
but upon investigation I cannct add up 
any overwhelming or formidable sum of 
money that has been devoted to that 



MISSIONS 



65 



cause. The truth is, that there are not 
foundatioiis enough to educate the min- 
ister and the teacher and the professional 
man who shall be leaders of the colored 
people in this country. Of course, the 
main necessity is thorough primary and 
industrial education, but it is necessary 
also to have leaders of the race; and 
there is no profession in which educa- 
tion and thorough knowledge play so im- 
portant a part as the profession of the 
ministry. Education, industrial and other- 
wise, I think is the solution of the diffi- 
culties and the obstacles which your race 
is to encounter in your lives. And I con- 
gratulate you on the evident prosperity 
and the excellence of the education which 
you are here receiving. Good-bye. I 
wish you every good fortune." 

After a word or two with Presidents 
Hovey and Tefft, President Taft and his 
company rode through the grounds and 
away to the battlefields about the city. 

President Taft acknowledges that he 
has changed his mind in regard to the 
higher education of the Negro, and that 
he sees its importance. He emphasizes 
two or three important facts in that little 
impromptu speech, facts which some 
friends of the colored people are slow to 
leam. He says that the amount spent on 
higher education for the colored people is 
not large, not nearly enough to prepare 
the needed leaders. He emphasizes the 
necessity of providing these leaders and 
the importance specially of an educated 
ministry. Would that these facts might 
come home with power to some friends 
of the Negro who have the means of help- 
ing Virginia Union University to enlarge 
its work by erecting a new dormitory to 
accommodate the young men who ought 
and who want to be fitted for effective 
service and wise leadership among their 
people. 

This year the President of the Uni- 
versity is making every effort to secure 
$46,000 for a new dormitory and two pro- 
fessors' houses. He is visiting the col- 
ored churches, especially those under the 
charge of former students of the school 
or friends of the school, and is gfiving an 
illustrated lecture on the school and its 
graduates. Each former student is asked 
for an individual contribution and each 
church for a sum amounting to twenty- 
five cents a member. It is hoped that 
one-quarter of the amount needed will be 
raised from the colored people them- 
selves. They want enough room for their 
children at the University. They are giv- 



ing generously. The General Education 
Board of New York will give another 
quarter of the amount needed. Who will 
give the rest? Nearly $25,000 must come 
from Northern friends. Nearly $10,000 has 
been pledged; the last $15,000 is what we 
need now. It means some large, gener- 
ous giving by those who believe in a 
Christian and a thorough education for 
the leaders of the colored people, and es- 
pecially in an intelligent Negro ministry, 
which will be equipped to lead the people 
wisely and to protect them from the 
harmful effects of false teaching in re- 
ligion and morals and in matters of race 
and community progress. 

A Girl in the Home Mission School 

She had not lived at home for several 
years. Inclined to be wilful, the girl was 
given to kind neighbors in a distant town. 
After a time they, too, realized there 
might be phases of human nature which 
neither the ordinary home nor the county 
school could well develop. 

The Home Mission school might be 
tried, and thither came the girl. A short, 
sturdy figure which meant strength for 
self or service. A face which attracted 
attention because of the combative, An- 
glo-Saxon nose and well compressed lips; 
the corners of which turned down rather 
more than nature needed. The whole 
physiognomy proclaimed a dogged self- 
will though modified by a fine forehead. 

New surroundings attracted Annie's at- 
tention and for some time all went well. 
But there came a period when a clash 
was inevitable. The girl was not pleased 
with the restraint of rule and struck out 
on her own ideas of deportment. Not 
easily managed, she was moved about 
from one dormitory to another, as each 
teacher failed to find the time, outside of 
school duties, to subdue such a trying 
offender. The finality was that Annie 
must be taken into my own house or ex- 
pelled. The former was chosen as an 
experiment. She was to share a large 
room with two of our studious, law-abid- 
ing girls. Again all went well for a sea- 
son. But a rule was absolutely broken 
and Annie was as promptly sent to bed 
for two days ; the last meal before she was 
allowed to rise being bread and water. 
The following Sunday night was a mem- 
orable one for Annie. The usual after- 
meeting followed the Christian Endeavor 
service and a number of students remained 
for prayer, Annie among them. 

Earnest petitions were raised for the 



66 



MISSIONS 



girls, and while Miss Kinsman was plead- 
ing with God, Fairy Bell Harvey sprang 
from her knees, crying, "O Miss Owen, 
I'm a Christian! I'm a Christian!" Most 
blessedly had the Spirit come to her heart 
and a happy girl she has been ever since. 
Not so with Annie. Unknown to us, she 
had for some time been under conviction 
of sin; and finally decided during her re- 
cent discipline that she would let it Be 
known. Weeping bitterly, she returned 
to her room. There one of her room- 
mates and I labored long with her in 
prayer and testimony till, over-wearied, I 
finally retired, saying, "When Jesus 
comes, and He will come, you may come 
to my room." Before I could fall asleep 
there was a bound and Annie stood at 
my side, radiant in her acceptance and 
new-found joy. Later in the night I was 
awakened by the feeling that some one 
was near. Putting out my hand, it rested 
upon Annie, kneeling by my bed; "O," 
she cried, "I feel so good." Praise could 
not be repressed, and I rejoiced with the 
girl. 

The next morning the following note 
was left on my table : "Dear Miss Owen, 
I thank you very much for correcting me 
Saturday. Why, if you hadn't sent me to 
bed then, probably I would have said, 'I 
goes over the road all the time. Miss 
Owen don't even say anything to the girls 
and so I don't care for her rules.' But 
going over the road without permission 
has learned me a lesson. I don't blaime 
you a bit for punishing me because I had 
really deserve it, and now I am going to 
try with God helping me to live a Chris- 
tian life. Forgive me. Your student, An- 
nie Burns." 

I venture to copy from a letter Annie 
has written home: "Father please don't 
take any strong drink; it is not good for 
the brains; it weekens your nerve. It 
also takes affect on your brains. I don't 
take strong drink and I don't want you all 
to take it. I am a temperance girl fight- 
ing against whiskey traffic." 

Sarah E. Owen. 

A Veteran Home Missionary 

The Kansas Baptist, State bulletin, con- 
tains the following from the pen of A. T. 
Dickerman concerning the Rev. F. L. 
Walker, a veteran missionary of the Home 
Mission Society: Volumes could be writ- 
ten of him and his work. Brother Walker 
came to Oswego, Kansas, in the spring 
of 1870. He came out to my place on foot 
and introduced himself as a Baptist min- 



ister working under appointment of our 
Home Mission Society. He placed hit 
membership in the Oswego church and 
from there as a center preached wherever 
he could get an audience in all this part 
of the State. In January, 1871, he be- 
came pastor for half time. Soon after- 
ward he assisted in organizing the Bap- 
tist church at Coffeyville and served it 
part time as pastor. Later he helped or- 
ganize the church at Mound Valley and 
gave it part of his time. He was a hard 
worker. Almost every Sunday he preached 
three times in the school houses for after- 
noon services. He would beg^n a pro- 
tracted meeting in a school house near 
one of the churches, and before they 
closed would lead these meetings toward 
the church center. In this way he never 
failed to add new members to our 
churches. He was tireless and practical 
in his labors. He would walk miles to 
visit newcomers and encourage them in 
the Christian life. Not long after he 
came among us he began to urge the im- 
portance of building a house. Into this 
enterprise he threw himself with great de- 
votion. He solicited aid, taking subscrip- 
tions in money, material, or labor. He 
worked with the men on the building. An 
incident will show his spirit and perse- 
verance. When the windows came, times 
were close and there was no money. He 
walked out to my house in the night and 
asked if I could help. I hadn't a dollar 
in the world. "But, have you something 
that you can sell?" I told him that the 
only article on my place that could be 
sold was some corn and it was in the 
shock. "I will help you husk a load in 
the morning," said he, "if you will take 
it to market." So the next morning found 
us in the field. The corn was soon sold 
and he had kept the work moving. In 
1881 the long, satisfactory labors with 
the Oswego church closed. Under ap- 
pointment of the Home Mission Society, 
Brother Walker went to Grenola. At the 
end of two years he left good churches 
at Grenola, Moline and Cedarvale. He 
also labored in Arkansas City, Wakeeney 
and Hill City. Moving to Ottawa for its 
educational advantages, he placed his 
children in school, and preached for sur- 
rounding churches. At Gamett in 1896 
he was taken ill and was soon called from 
his labors — not old in years but certainly 
advanced in experience and great labors 
for the Master. He organized nine 
churches in Kansas and built seven meet- 
ing houses. 



MISSIONS 



67 




CHAPEL CAR AND COLPORTER 



The Passing of Bible Day 

BY C. H. SPALDING, D.D. 

This does not mean that Baptist 
churches and Sunday schools will drop 
their offerings for the cause of Bible dis- 
tribution. This they could not do. Since 
1883, growing out of the Bible Convention 
at Saratoga in that year, this Bible Day 
has been observed. It has had a gener- 
ous and grateful and gracious recognition. 
But it has seemed wise to the Board of 
the American Baptist Publication Society 
to recommend to the Northern Baptist 
Convention the discontinuance of Bible 
Day, and the Convention so authorized at 
the Convention last May. While the Pub- 
lication Society surrenders the day and 
thus relieves itself of the burden of two 
"special days" in each year, it still has 
the work to do. The demands are in- 
creasing, and the oflFerings must pour in 
for the support of this cause. The method 
may change, but the work must go on. 
There is a cry for the Bible. The Society 
will continue to administer this trust. 
Many individuals have long loved this as 
a special object of giving. Let them con- 
tinue to do so. 

Sunday School Work in South Dakota 

T. H. Hagen is one of the live Sunday 
school missionaries of the Publication So- 
ciety. He writes interestingly of a recent 
visit in South Dakota. The letter shows 
the power, versatility and influence of the 
Sunday school: 

"I went to Bradley, where I conducted 
one of the most successful institutes that 
it has been my privilege to conduct. Brad- 
ley is a small town, and the teachers of 
other schools in town were present, and 
on Saturday and Sunday I had in the in- 
stitute every teacher of the public school. 
The superintendent of the school lives out 
in the country, and is the chairman of the 
school district where he lives, and he in- 
structed the teacher of his school to close 
early Friday morning so that he could at- 
tend my institute in town in the after- 
noon. The Methodist pastor was asked 
to attend, and he told our pastor that 
when Hagen came to town he always 



gave up his service, which he did at this 
time. One of the practical results of the 
Institute was the fact that I got them to 
buy a Teacher's Library, and am sure 
they will derive much benefit from it. I 
received a letter from the president of the 
Y. M. C. A. of the Sioux Falls College 
asking me to come and lead them in the 
meetings there during the Week of Pray- 
er for Colleges. I telegraphed I would 
come and help them, and we had a royal 
welcome from the faculty and student 
body. The services were well attended, 
and the interest was marked from the 
very first service. At the last service one 
young woman accepted Christ, and others 
told me after the service was over that 
they had decided to live the Christian life. 
At the last service I was very happily sur- 
prised. I dismissed the service, when the 
students were asked to take their seats 
again, and the president of the Y. M. C. 
A. arose and presented me with a hand- 
some leather traveling bag, containing a 
"traveling companion" and a large Sioux 
Falls* pennant. The surprise was so com- 
plete, and the kindness of the students so 
marked, that it was with difficulty I was 
able to say thank you; I could not have 
made a speech if I had been paid for it." 

 

Converting Mormons 

From Mormondom in Utah comes good 
tidings of the work of L. T. Barkman and 
family. In a recent letter he says: "We 
are still preaching the gospel in Spring- 
ville and God is wonderfully blessing us. 
Over 80 have professed Christ; many of 
them are Mormons, So far sixteen have 
united with the church, mostly heads of 
families, and we are expecting four or five 
more to-night. Last night was one of the 
greatest meetings we ever had; a husband 
and wife came forward and gave their 
hearts to God and united with the church. 
We had been so interested in them. They 
had been seeking for the true light for a 
long time. They came to the Car, heard 
the good old gospel, and then invited us 
to their home, which gave us a good op- 
portunity to have personal talks. They 
will be baptized on Sunday night. We 



68 



MISSIONS 



expect to see the work here go on after 
we are gone. We do not know how soon 
we will close the meeting here. They 
want to get a pastor here for all time, and 
we hope to have it self-supporting or al- 
most 30 before we leave. Last Sunday we 
had a church opening, organized a Sunday 
school of 33, had preaching at 11 a. m. and 
3 p. m., young people's meeting at 6.30, 
preaching again at 7.45. The little church 
was crowded; we could not begin to seat 
them all. We hold meetings in the Car 
during the week and have good congre' 
gations every night." 

 
Steady Service in Idaho 

L. W. Gowen, the veteran colporter in 
Idaho, sends an interesting note of work 
done: "I am at home once more and 
slept at home last night for the first time 
since Jan. 31st, 1910. These nine months 
and twenty-one days have surely been 
busy ones and in some ways at least more 
fruitful for the Kingdom than any simi- 
lar period in the almost twelve and a half 
years of colportage work. In looking over 
my record book I see that more than 1^200 
families have been visited, nearly 5,000 
miles traveled, and almost 800 copies of 
the Scriptures distributed; there have been 
eight professions of faith, followed by 
baptism, and one church organized and 
built up to 37 members." 

 
How the Laymen's Missionary Confer- 
ence Corralled a Cowboy 

The pastor-at-large of Wyoming, Rev. 
Wilbert R. Howell, sends the following 
letter which he clipped from an old copy 
of the Wyoming Tribune of Cheyenne, 
showing a genuine cowbosr's anticipation 
of the Laymen's missionary banquet and 
as well the far-reaching interest awakened 
by the new Movement: 

A COWBOY COMING TO THE LAYMEN's CON- 
VENTION 

Chugwater, Wyo., March 6, 1910. 
Mr. Editor of The Tribune: . 

I have been reading of the new show 
that you are to have in your city at the 
close of the week. I expect to be down 
out of curiosity, if for nothing else. When 
I told some of the other "punchers" that 
I was going to ride to old Cheyenne to 
see that men's missionary convention 
they laughed at me. But I said, "Well, 
fellers, we rode all the way to Cheyenne 
to see 'The Virginia' at Ed. Stahle's opera 
house; we have traveled as far to see 
Ringling's circus, and to attend the fron- 



tier show. Now I propose to ride that 
distance to see a missionary meeting by 
men. I never heard of anything like it 
It will be a new sensation. I have rode 
two days to see some of the meanest 
horses on earth. I have paid a good price 
to see some of the best men in the 'ring.' 
Now I am willing to pay the price to see 
some of the best men out of the 'ring.' ^ 
They say that some of these speakers are 
"the good fellows" all right I see by 
the Tribune that it is no one-horse affair. 
It stacks up with the Ringling's and with 
the Frontier. I'll sure be down. Count 
me in on that banquet Yours, 

Cy Brown. 



THE "evangel" in KANSAS 

J. C. Killian and wife, of Chapel Car 
Evangel," have already taken hold of 
the hearts of the people in their vigorous 
work. They are now in Wichita, Kansas. 
Pastor Cassidy is a live man. He and 
these helpers built a tabernacle 28x60 
feet, and the car is aiding in the upbuild- 
ing of a church in this end of the city. 



(( 



extending the wagon work 

The Society is planning for larger 
things this coming fiscal year. The wagon 
work is to be pushed in Oregon, Wash- 
ington, Nevada and Idaho if funds will 
allow. 

LITERATURE NEEDED 

The Polish paper, heretofore published 
in Pound, Wis., Nazse Zycie (Our Life), 
is now published by the Publication So- 
ciety, which issued the November number 
as the first The demand for literature 
for foreign-speaking people is great, and 
funds should be put into the hands of the 
Society for this distinctive work. 

HAND-TO-HAND WORK 

"Messenger of Peace" is moving in co- 
operation with the Railroad Y. M. C. A. 
work and the sound of a going of power 
is in the mulberry trees. Our missionary, 
Thomas R. Gale, is not only doing excel- 
lent work in preaching, but also in the 
shops, having private interviews with the 
men, holding impromptu services. In the 
Springfield, 111., railroad shops he has a 
well organized Bible class, composed of 
the Christians, converts and those who 
have become interested in religion. 

A REAL OBJECT-LESSON 

One of the chapel cars is to be in the 
great exposition. The World in Boston. 



MISSIONS 



A Work of Value 

The annual survey of missions in Japan, 
entitled The Ckriitian Movement in Japan, 
contains the most authoritative and com- 
prehensive review of religious conditions 
and movements in that country to be ob- 
tained. The editor-in-chief is Rev. Daniel 
Crosby Greene, of Tokio. With him have 
been associated the leading missionaries 
in Japan. In former years comparatively 
few copies of this book have been circu- 
lated in America. The publishers in 
Japan have therefore forwarded a sup- 
ply to the Young People's Missionary 
Movement for distribution. Secretaries 
of Mission Boards, members of execu- 
tive committees, donors especially inter- 
ested in Japan, all missionary speakers 
and other persons desiring to keep 
abreast with current Christian activities 
in Japan, will find the volume indispens- 
able. Individuals can be supplied prompt- 
ly to the limit of the edition in hand, at 
7S cents for single copies, postage 8 cts. 
extra. We most heartily commend this 
work, which gives an inner view, and are 
glad it can be obtained. Send to the 
Movement, 156 Fifth Ave., New York. 
* 
Uiasiona in the Magazines 

With our own Christmas celebrations 
fresh in our memories, it is pleasant to 
read "Christmas in Arctic Lands," in the 
December Palt Malt Magazine. The scene 
of the sketch is one of the Moravian mis- 
sion stations in Northern Labrador, and 
the rejoicings are very real and beautiful. 
We expect to give an extract later for our 
young people. 

China and Korea are not forgotten in 
the magazines. The National Geographic 
Magasine for November gives charming 
glimpses of these countries, the "glimpses" 
being supplemented by colored photo- 
graphs taken by the author. Seeking for 
further glimpses, we come across "A 
Small Chinese Ciiy," in the Overtand 



Monthly for November. Here in Yah Jo 
(probably Yachow is meant, where the 
Mission Society has a station), we tarry 
long enough to gel a good idea of the 
various shops and industries. The mis- 
sion house is visited and the city wall, 
rising on the south side 200 feet above 
the city, is carefully observed. We also 
read the poem in the December Forum 
entitled "The Pilgrims of Thibet." 

Not far from China is Siam, and here 
the glimpses continue. In the December 
number of Current Literature there is an 
interesting sketch of Chowfa Maha Vaji- 
ravudh, the present King of Siam. In a 
quotation from the Paris Figaro we gain 
the comfortable assurance that "he is the 
ablest ruler of any Asiatic land." And 
indeed from the sketch in hand, his tal- 
ents are varied. 

While speaking of recent monarchs, an 
article in the November National Review 
deserves notice. This takes up the new 
era in Belgium, contrasting the good 
works of Albert I with the unenviable 
record of his predecessor, Leopold II. 

Returning to our quest for glimpses, we 
continue to Japan, which is represented 
by a dainty story in Blackviood's entitled 
"Tsune and the O Jo-san." Tsune is a 
gentle Japanese girl who, although separ- 
ated from her lover because he is an out- 
cast, remains faithful to the memory of 
her lover. She finally decides to become 
a nun and is last seen making the Great 
Pilgrimage of a thousand temples in 
peace if not in happiness. The World't 
Work presents a strong plea in "A Chance 
for Statesmanship" for a large-visioned 
policy in regard to Japan, The writer de- 
sires the immigration clause in our treaty 
with that nation to be cancelled. 

What other people say is an ever ac- 
ceptable topic for conversation and 
thought. The Review of Revku-s, recog- 
nizing this, has favored us with what the 
Hindu women think of their Am 



70 



MISSIONS 



«i4f/^rf. Their thoughts are not flattering 
"-.rulieitil, they are unnecessarily and in- 
^,^<.:i^'tlr scathing. On the other hand, 
v.it wr:u:T of "Burmese Women," in the 
3*vr«2:Vtr IV estminster, is most apprecia- 
Vi< ^A these Eastern ladies. Yet, having 
ljve4 m Burma for over forty-seven years, 
£.jt ctiiitarian point of view may well have 
vtaec influenced by his environment. 

Other interesting accounts of the far- 
away places are to be found in the Na- 
iiiKoI Geographic Magazine, which con- 
t^iics an enthusiastic explanation of the 
Liberian game, Kboo, also an article taken 
from a recent number of the Geographical 
Journal of London entitled "Among the 
Cannibals of Belgian Congo," and com- 
ments and quotations from Mr. Roose- 
velt's book, "African Game Trails." Black- 
wood's contributes a long and well-written 
description of Ocean Islands and Le Cor- 
respondant offers an exhaustive account of 
the characteristics of the Egyptians. 

The George Junior Republic has a 
prominent place in the current Review 
of Reviews, The basic principles of this 
organization, the varied industries, the 
methods of dealing with the delinquents, 
and the education of the citizens are set 
forth. "The entire plan of education in 
the George Junior Republic involves pio- 
neer ideas. Not only does it apply the 
democratic principle to school govern- 
ment, but also intensifies educational pro- 
cess. The George Junior Republic boy 
has ample opportunity to use his knowl- 
edge for practical purposes during the 
years of its acquisition; he can test his 
ideas and theories by actual experience. 
Besides this valuable asset, he has also 
gained self-mastery." 



Progress in China 

Watchman: When the ancient con- 
servatism of the Chinese is remembered 
the rapid progress that country is mak- 
ing is almost incredible. No peaceful 
revolution in any country has ever 
equalled in its importance and transform- 
ing power the change from the ancient 
system of examinations to examinations 
in modern scientific studies. No man 
can now hold an office in China unless he 
has passed examinations in modern cul- 
ture. Next to this remarkable change 
which affected the whole constitution of 
Chinese society, is the recent decree of 
the emperor commanding that in all the 
ichools English shall be the language in 



which modem studies shall be pursued. 
English was the first of foreign lang^uages 
introduced in China; it is most widely 
used there and in the world. When the 
students are sent to Pekin for final ex- 
amination after graduation they shall be 
examined through the medium of the 
English language. It is generally recog- 
nized that the share of American mission- 
ary schools in preparing the way for this 
momentous decree has been very great 
America has done more for Chinese edu- 
cation than any other country. It is 
clear that this step will ally China more 
closely with the United States. It will 
gradually bring the educated classes of 
China into touch with American ideas 
and methods, and by facilitating inter- 
course will increase and cement the 
friendship of the two countries. 

 

A >n8ion for Spain and Portugal 

New York World : A successful repub- 
lican movement in Spain just now would 
be most gratifying. The country is in 
much better financial shape than Portu- 
gal, and a new republic might have wis- 
dom enough to wipe out the silly bound- 
ary and unite with Portugal in a self- 
governed and progressive Iberian nation 
of 25,000,000 people, with a land of splen- 
did location and fine natural resources, 
larger than Germany or France. Some 
day this dream of the republicans will 
come beneficently true. 

 
Two Good Ideas 

The Class Helper, a monthly church 
paper of Tucson, Arizona, is admirably 
edited by O. E. Comstock, a member of 
the First Baptist Church of that city, and 
helps the mission cause generally in the 
State. A number of illustrations from 
Missions have been used in its pages, and 
we shall be glad to furnish more. In the 
October number there was a picture of 
the mission church in Camaguey, Cuba, 
and one of Missionary Petzold's home at 
Lodge Grass. 

Speaking of church papers and calen- 
dars, the Livingston Avenue Church bul- 
letin recently gave its front and last page 
to Missions, using illustrations furnished 
by us at the pastor's request. This fitted 
into the formation of a club, which is of 
cheering proportions. A hint to a mis- 
sionary pastor is sufficient. What we did 
for Pastor Hayne we will do for you, if 
you desire to do what he did for Missions 
and the cause. 



MISSIONS 



71 



Financial Statements of the Societies 



American Baptist Home Mission Society 

Fhumdal Statement for ^ht months, endlnc Norember SOih. 191f » , 

Balance 

Source of Income Budget for Receipts for required by 

1910-1911 Eiffht Months Mar. 81, 1911 

Churches. Sunday Schools and Young People's So- 
cieties (apportioned to church) 1382.276.42 166.603.62 1815,772.90 

Individuals (estimated) 125.000.00 3.322.28 121,677.72 

Legacies, Annuity Bonds released. Income of 

Bonds, etc. (estimated) 158,792.00 112.589.80 46.202.20 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 

Convention $666,068.42 $182,415.60 $483,652.82 

Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Year 
First Kight Months of Financial Year 

Sonree of Income 1909 1910 Increase Decrease 

Churches, Sunday Schools and Young People's So- 
cieties $50,408.76 $66,603.62 $7,094.77 

Individuals 7,405.67 3,322.28 $4,083.89 

Legacies, Annuities released. Inc. Inv. Funds, etc. 87,417.32 112.589.80 25.172.48 

$154,231.74 $182,415.60 $32,267.25 $4,083.89 

N. B. — Of the total Budget to be raised by the Denomination the Society has received only 14 
per cent, during the first eight months of the present Fiscal Year. 



American Baptist Foreign Mission Society 

Ftaianclal Statement for elffht months, endtaiff November 80th« 1910 
Sooroe of Income 



Bndget for 
1910- 1911 

Churches. Young People's Societies and Sunday 

Schools (apportioned to churches) $563,465 

Individuals (estimated) 176,000 

Legacies, Income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, spe- 
cific gifts, etc. (estimated) 104.527 



Total Bndget as approved by Northern Baptist 

Convention .• $032,982 



Receipts for 
Bight Months 

$100,442.64 
20,066.86 

106.588.69 



$235,908.10 



Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Year 
First Eight Months of Financial Year 



Source of Income 1909 

Churches, Young People's Societies and Sunday 

Schools •$05,670.06 

Individuals 

Legacies, Income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, spe- 
cific Gifts, etc 84,713.63 



1910 

$100,442.64 
29,966.86 



Increase 

$34,830.46 



Balance 
required by 
Mar. 81, 19U 

$468,012.86 
146,038.14 

88.938.81 



$696,983.81 



Decrease 



106,688.69 20,875.16 



$180,283.58 $235,998.19 $55,714.01 

'Previous to. 1910 the receipts from individuals were not reported separately from those from 
churches, young people's societies and Sunday schools. A small amount of specific gifts is included 
in this figure. 



American Baptist Publication Society 

Financial Statement for eiglit montlis, endinir November 30th, 1910 

Source of Income Bndget for Receipts for 

1910-1911 Eight Montlis 

Churches, Young People's Societies and Sunday 

Schools (apportioned to churches) $104,189.00 $49,628.61 

Individuals (estimated) 10.000.00 4.408.96 

Legacies, Income of Funds, Annuity Bonds (esti- 
mated) 61.404.00 28,280.29 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 

ConvenUon $165,693.00 $77,812.76 

Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Year 
First £ight Montlis of Financial Year 

Sonree of Income 1909 1910 Increase 

Churches, Young People's Societies and Sunday 

Schools $46,746.87 $49,628.61 $8,882.14 

Individuals 2.190.60 4.403.96 2,213.46 

Legacies, Income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, Spe- 
cific Gifts, etc 21,227.47 28,280.29 2,062.82 

$69,164.84 $77,812.75 $8,148.41 



Balance 
required by 
Bfar. 81, 1911 

$64,660.49 
5.696.06 

28.128.71 



$88,280.26 



OUR BAPTIST SCHOOLS 



THE NEWTON THEOLOGICAL 
INSTITUTION 

TBORODQH CODRSBS, BLBCnVSK ORADDATB WOMK 

DBOBBBB OTTBRBD. BXPBNBBB WITHIN ABn^TTOTALL. 

Tba OordiHi Sohool. BoatoD.  TnlulBc Bohool tor Fill Mil  WMkBK 

la condnoUd br ItH MswtoD SamlauT 

rar latoriBBllaa  * ■>«■ OSOBaB M, ■!»■ 

PnalddBt, N«wMb OHtn. Mm*. 



If AWtBIi ID ■dralalitntlon *nd tullltlaa tor In- 
i'.'aTEII m«r alcct work In UnlTsnltr ot PanniTl- 



RocDesier TDeoioincai ssmioarT 

ROCHESTER. N. Y. 
AUGUSTUS H. STRWKI. D.D..LL.O.. VnMm 

NiM Profcuon. Elfht Dcputactta. 

Old Tulimenl. New TeMamcDt. Enfllah Bible, Ctald 
RJatOTT, Theology, ChHitiu EtUea, HomUehc*, Ekjeatka, 
Addreu camipondencc to 

J W. A. STEWART. D— n. 



Till! KANSAS CITY TUEOLOGIGAL SfiMlNAllI 

TtarMConrSMi RBUULAR. QREEK, ENQUSH 



I.. Kama a Ctrr, KxHiAg. 



Colgate Theological Seminary 

Hunilton, N. Y.] 

The Theoli^ical Seminary of Colgate Univarsitj' often 
conrses covering three fears, planaed to give tborongb 
equipment and traiaiog for the work of the Christiaa 
minisiry. One lerm of the senior year is spent in New York 
(Tity. The faculty numbers ten besides lecturers. For in- 
forniation, address William H. Allison. Dean. 



DENISON UNIVERSITY 



Orasi'lII* eh'iarn u itla of tha Noir UJialonarr Horns. 

■and tor cataJiiua and Infornullon to tha Prealdanl, 

US. BMOKY W. HL'NT. OnitTUIe, Ohio. 




BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY 

toay HOWABD HABBO. PraMMrt 

COLLBOB: with coonaa In Art» PhlloKiAr, J«Ha>nM«M« 
BalaDoa, CbamlitDt. Blolacr ud CIrU end BtoB trtel ^ifc iM 
lot. ACADBUT: tor roBD( man and ban. IMmi'Dni tm 
row woi'io. aCBOOL or MDBIC: farbatkROM. MmMa 



MISSIONS 



PROM WASHINGTON'S CODE OF CONDUCT 
4 When yon apeak of God or His attributes, let it be seriously 



^Associate yourself with men of good quality, if yon esti 
your own reputation, for it is better to be alone t 
in bod company. 



FIHST GLIMPSES OF I'ORTO RICO, Ul!R ISIAND T«^S^%?.\Q■S 



The Financial Situation 

Two MONTHS remain of the fiscal year of the Northern Baptist 
Conventioii. Will the story that is told on April first be a 
story of victory or defeat? The task that remains is vast, but 
the outlook is encouraging. To close the year without debt 
there must come in during the last quarter of the year more 
than three times as much as was received during ^e past nine 
months, but the fine spirit that is manifest throughout the 
country, and the fact that at this time the receipts from the 
churches ore far in advance of the amount received during the 
some period last year, give reason to believe that again our 
General Societies are to close the year without debt. 

Q^Ai will be seen by the financial statement published elsewhere in this issue, 
the ehnrches, Sunday schools and young people's societies, and individuals 
lutTe contributed for the work of the three Goieral Societies during the nine 
monthB ending December 31, $294,346.24. This leaves 11,065,574.18 still to 
come from these sources. 

(Q, Comparison with last year's record, however, shows a gain of $42,293.63 
over the receipts from these sources for the same period. Indeed, there has 
not been a month this year when a gain has not been reported, and it has been 
larger each month, except the last (due to a falling off in gifts from individuals 
for one of the societies). 

CL Note the figures as taken from financial statements published in MISSIONS: 
$5,736.30; $13,022.22; 120,720.57; S23,985.07 ; $33,940 ; $43,946.42 ; $42,293.63. 

C^It IB believed that this happy condition is due in large part to increased 
offerings and to the sending in of offerings earlier in the year, to both of which 
flieie is probably nothing that has contributed more than the large increase in 
tiie number of churches using the double envelopes and making the every 
.. g j^^ weekly oflferings to missions. 



MISSIONS 



Worth While" 

HEN a man of influence 
belonging to the non- 
church^oing class was 
approached by one of 
the ministers of his city 
with reference to accept- 
ing a position as trustee, 
y, "No, I cannot do it; 
for the church as a pre- 
conservative force in 
I take up anything in the 
. want a job worth while, 
see that the church oifers 
to a business man." 
nan was a director in the 
i Christian Association 
$ contributor to its work; 
;ed in a half dozen chari- 
lanthropic societies; but 
lade no appeal to him. 
it too much that seemed 
I, too little that really 
time and thought of a 
e had been brought up 
ool and church, and had 
away from the earlier 
" he did not feel that he 
them. 

as come, happily, when 
:aken of the class of men 
resents. The church is 
make it unquestionable 
hand an enterprise great 
act the biggest man, "a 
le." The evangelization 
i certainly such an enter- 
the church is actively and 
iged in carrying forward 



this enterprise at home and abroad, be- 
ginning at Jerusalem, and going on to 
the ends of the earth, she can speak with 
confidence to men of business acumen 
and energy. This is a man's job in its 
scope and demands. It will never be 
accomplished until the laymen take 
hold of it in dead earnest, as many of 
them are doing. And as this vast en- 
terprise is pushed with the same far- 
sighted planning and consummate abil- 
ity that mark the business activities of 
the time, it will more and more draw 
men into the church that affords full 
opportunity for their best servi'ce. 

In saying this, we are not losing sight 
of the fact that the one essential that 
can make the church effective in its 
appeal to strong men is the possession 
of a spiritual life and power dominant 
enough to assure its place as the re- 
ligious dynamic operative in all the 
Christian activities. Mr. Cope, in his 
recent book, "The Efficient Layman," 
puts the matter truly when he says that 
"we must cease to hope to win men by 
appeals to their loyalty to an insutution, 
by begging them to come to church 
and sit still or to 'serve' on a committee. 
They will be won when there is a man's 
work to be done, and their work for 
others will save their own souls and 
then the church need not fear for itself. 
We have been offering men the parlor 
when we ought to have called them to 
the field; we have been saying, 'Here 
are pleasant pews and soft music,* 
when we ought to have been saying, 
'Here is hard work, here is a world to 
be won, here is a kingdom to be estate 



MISSIONS 



77 



lished, here are the dragons of human 
greed and sloth, the walls of ancient 
custom and privilege to be assailed.' 
We have not 'played up' the big things 
and the real things of the Christian life 
to men. The spirit that made pioneers, 
the spirit that compels a man to leave 
his ease and push into the wilderness to 
conquer and shape a new world, is in 
the men of our day. The opportunity 
for the extension of the kingdom of 
God among men is the one appeal that 
will win them more than any other; 
they need to see this world, as Canon 
Freemantle's book puts it, *as the 
object of redemption.' The deepest 
places in their natures will be stirred if 
they can but be brought to see that they 
arc serving their world; they are work- 
ing for a universe; they are moving in 
that glorious army of noble souls that 
through all time have been saving the 
world, witnessing to the light, extending 
the kingdom, and bringing heaven to 
earth." Q 

An Ideal 

THIS is the ideal: A Baptist 
Monthly Magazine which between 
its two covers should contain the record 
of all our missionary work and represent 
all the societies engaged in this work in 
the North. This to be the one and only 
missionary magazine appealing to the 
denomination as it is represented in the 
Northern Baptist Convention. That 
is one-half of the ideal. 

The second half is, this single, com- 
prehensive, finely illustrated and su- 
perbly printed magazine — without an 
equal in missionary literature — a regu- 
lar visitor in every Baptist home, and 
on file in every Baptist church or Sunday 
school or young people's library. 

This ideal realized would meet the 
popular demand of the denomination. 
It would mean immeasurable develop- 
ment of missionary intelligence and in- 
terest, and not less of the spirit of 
service. 



The realization of the first half 
would make possible the realization of 
the second. The realization of the 
second half would do much to blot out 
that formidable list of non-contributing 
churches that is now a source of weak- 
ness and depression. 

This ideal is not an impracticable 
vagary of a visionary. It is in the line 
of economy, of efficiency, of educational 
and inspirational advance. 

For the realization of the first half — 
the combined and comprehensive maga- 
zine — it is only necessary that the 
Women's Home and Foreign Societies 
should do what the three General So- 
cieties did in 1909: combine their sepa- 
rate publications in Missions. The 
Women's Societies can most effectively 
present their work through this medium, 
which offers them exceptional ad- 
vantages. 

If it be said that the proposed com- 
bination is not practicable, so it was 
said for years about the proposed joint 
magazine. But everybody knows now 
that it is practicable — for it has been 
done. That it is successful as well as 
practicable the universal approval 
demonstrates. 

If it be said that the Women's So- 
cieties would lose by the merger, and 
not be able to impress their work as 
strongly as at present, so the same thing 
was said by some regarding the General 
Societies. But here again. Missions 
as a concrete fact has met and answered 
all apprehensions. There is no such 
talk now. The fact js recognized that 
the presentation of the whole cause is 
stronger than any partial presentation 
of it can be. The denominational ap- 
preciation, cordial and continual, shows 
how our entire missionary enterprise 
has been stimulated. There has been 
gain for all and loss for none. So it 
would be with the work of the Women's 
Societies presented in the full depart- 
ments which Missions would afford. 
With the gifted editors o( Helping Han J 



78 



MISSIONS 



and Tidings added to Missions' staff, 
think what a magazine Missions might 
be madel Think, too, of the broaden- 
ing and educative influence of having 
the whole of our great missionary work 
with its world sweep brought before all 
readers! The ideal is inspiring, surely. 

Then, with the faithful women now 
busy in getting subscriptions for the two 
monthly publications of the Women's 
Societies, added to the force of faithful 
agents working for Missions, and with 
a single appeal backed up by a period- 
ical of highest class, offered for a sum 
shockingly small compared to its value, 
there would be a chance to secure such 
a circulation as no Baptist magazine has 
dared to hope for in the past. This is 
impossible with the present divided can- 
vassing and the separate publications. 
But with one magazine, it is not wild 
to predict such a subscription list as 
would ensure advertising patronage 
sufficient to make Missions self-sus- 
taining. Then the desired end would 
be attained. 

Why should not this ideal be realized ? 
What is in the way ? This is the day of 
effective combination. "In union there 
is strength" was never truer anywhere 
than in missionary work. Must things 
always be as they have been, just be- 
cause they have been ? Especially, 
when they have been the cause of weak- 
ness, not strength. 

This editorial is intended to be merely 
suggestive. The ideal must be held up, 
and the idea take root. Then the re- 
sult will in time be reached. 

What is necessary to make the first 
half of the ideal possible ? Nothing 
whatever but the vote of three missionary 
boards to try the union — in other 
words, accept Missions' proposal of 
marriage. And there need be no long 
engagement. So far as Missions is 
concerned, the day can be set without 
delay. 

Then the denominational approval 
would begin to show itself in the pleasing 



form of subscriptions as wedding pres- 
ents. ^^ 

The Financial Outlook 

THIS is the time when special stress 
should be laid upon the raising of 
the missionary budgets by the churches 
which have not already done so. The 
financial statements made and empha- 
sized in other parts of this issue indicate 
the need of earnest effort. The task 
seems a formidable one to raise over a 
million dollars within three months, 
when in nine months the receipts have 
been only about one-third of that sum. 
It is a large task, but by no means a 
discouraging one. For one thing, this 
putting off the day of reckoning and 
giving until near the close of the fiscal 
year of the societies has been a habit, — 
a bad one admittedly, but one not to 
be overcome in a year or two. On the 
other hand, as the reports show, there 
has been a larger giving than last year 
by the churches and Sunday schools 
and young people's societies up to date; 
so that if this ratio is maintained the 
total required will come. Then, the 
spirit manifested is hopeful and cheer- 
ful, — an excellent symptom. The re- 
sponse has never been readier when the 
pastors have taken up the matter en- 
thusiastically with their people. Of 
course everything depends upon this. 
It is encouraging, also, to know that 
the number of churches adopting the 
duplex envelope system is steadily in- 
creasing. The systematic methods are 
gaining, not so rapidly as many would 
like to see, but perhaps as rapidly as 
could reasonably be expected; and the 
gains made are likely to be permanent. 
We heard recently of a church meet- 
ing called to consider raising a certain 
deficit in the current expenses. One 
of the leading officers, at the outset, 
said he had been thinking the matter 
over, and his conviction was that the 
easiest way to pay off the deficit was 



MISSIONS 



79 



to begin by raising the missionary budget, 
amounting to more than the deficit. 
He was not only serious in the proposal, 
but succeeded in convincing the other 
brethren that his position was sound. 

Experience has proved to more than 
one church that the raising of the 
budget, which at first seemed to some 
very large, has given an impetus to all 
the church work, and also to the church 
finances. We trust that the proposition 
referred to above may commend itself 
to many churches^ whether they have 
a deficit or not, and that they will 
forthwith proceed to raise the budget, 
possibly along the practical lines laid' 
down by Secretary Moore on another 
page. Make it "hilarious" giving, in 
the true scriptural sense, and spiritual 
blessing cannot fail to result. 

"Give not grudgingly or of necessity; 
God loves a hilarious giver.'' 

Great Men and Good 

This country will never cease to be 
grateful to God for its great leaders, 
Washington and Lincoln. Both would 
rejoice in the new civic conscience of the 
present time. Washington was any- 
thing but a pious pretender, but he 
was a devout believer in God and Provi- 
dence, as the spirit of humble depend- 
ence upon God in his private and pub- 
lic papers alike proves. He had prayers 
morning and evening, at home or in 
camp, and was regular in his attendance 
at church. His influence for good can 
be read in the words which he addressed 
to his army: "The general hopes and 
trusts that every officer and man will 
endeavor so to live and act as becomes 
a Christian soldier, defending the dearest 
rights and liberties of his country." 

The close of Washington's life was 
what would be expected from his 
character. After less than two years 
of peaceful life from the day of his 
retirement from public cares, the end of 
the great earthly career came at sixty- 



seven years. A cold fastened itself 
upon his lungs, and Washington was 
the first to say it was the end. "I am 
not afraid," he said with a smile to his 
friend and physician, "it is a debt we 
all must pay." And his last words 
were, "It is well." Undoubtedly well 
for him, as his life had been for his 
country and the world. Well will it 
be, indeed, for the country he loved 
and served if we shall emulate his 
patriotism and unfeigned piety. We 
honor ourselves as we honor his memory. 

Editorial Notes 

^ Julius Rosenwald, a Chicago merchant^ 
is so interested in providing suitable buildings 
for negro Y. M. C. A.s that he has offered 
to give 1(25,000 to any city that will raise 
^75,000 additional for erection and equip- 
ment. His offer holds good for five years, 
and has been accepted by Chicago, where a 
banker has added |l25,ooo more, and the 
negroes have undertaken to raise the re- 
maining {50,000 by subscription. This is 
another movement in the direction of race 
elevation and the elimination of the bitter- 
ness at least of the race problem. That 
there must be separate Associations seems to 
be a settled policy North and South. That 
being so, the colored men are certainly as 
much entitled to public help as the less 
needy whites. 

^ It will probably surprise many people to 
leam that at least one in nine persons of the 
millions in New York City receive some 
kind of assistance every year from charity. 
A severer indictment of city conditions or of 
our present civilization could scarcely be 
found. Put beside this fact the statement 
of Rabbi Wise that the New Year eve drink 
bill of extravagant New-Yorkers at the res- 
taurants and hotels exceeded by far the 
total amount given for the support of organ- 
ized charities and philanthropies during the 
year, and the picture is filled out. Pauper- 
ism and poverty versus wanton waste and 
extravagance — both symptoms of social 
cancer of deadly character. Christianity 
has a gigantic task set before it in the 
saving of the city. 



MISSIONS 



Note and Comment 



M'\ 



riSSlONS invites 
5 readers to a 
feast in this February 
number. It may be 
pardoned for calling 
attention to its fresh 
new dress, which goes 
with a new home and 
printer. The table of 
contents ofTers variety 
and scope. We go with 
Dr. Sale to Pono Rico, 
and see through his 
camera, which is doing 
excellent work; then 
we camp with Dr. Crozier in the Garo 
Hills, and look in with Dr. Barnes upon 
native American life no more civilized than 
the other Indian until Christianity enters the 
pagan tepee; then our great French apostle 
takes us to Algeria, and presently we are on 
the plains of North Dakota with Dr, Proper, 
or in Spokane shop meetings with Mr, 
Hermiston; for the world is now small and set 
in neighborhood. A new feature of value is 
the admirable comprehensive survey of con- 
ditions in Great Britain by the brilliant 
editor of the London Missionary Society, 
who gives us inside glimpses into the life of 
our sister nation. There is wealth of ma- 
terial in all the departments, and none will 
be able to escape the fact that much money 
must pour into the missionary treasuries dur- 
ing the next three months. See if you do not 
agree that there is not a dull page in the issue. 

^ It is easy to talk about the "people" and 
become their champion in the abstraa, but 
another thing actually to set to work to do 
them good individually and in the concrete. 
And this is as true of the church member as 
of the politician. We are all surrounded by 
people who need us, and if our sympathy is 
genuine there is plenty of opportunity to 
show it. Self-sacrifice is required, however, 
to translate altruistic sentiment into active 
lervice. 



^ To satisfy a natural curiosity as to why 
the piiblication office of Missions should be 
moved from New York to Boston, it may 
be said that the complexity of the foreign 
work, the multiplicity of fields differing 
widely in character, the library and informa- 
tion facilities, and the store of photographic 
and other material, all combined to make 
' Boston more advantageous, so far as the 
efficiency of the magazine is concerned. 
Missions will be glad to welcome its friends 
in the new rooms in the Ford Building. 

II Renewals and new subscriptions are com- 
ing in, but we want more — and more — 
and yet more. The list has room for fifty 
thousand before we shall begin to reach our 
right expectations. Do not miss a number. 
If you wish to receive the Januaiy issue, 
and begin with the year, send in your name 



\ Concerning the remarkable fortress palace 
of Man Singh in India, which formed the 
frontispiece in the January number of 
Missions, Dr. John Humpstone, who 
kindly loaned the photograph, says: "It 
stands on an isolated rock, overlooking a 
vast plain — one of the finest and most 
characteristic views in India. The rock 
for ages has been a vast fortress. The 
palace is the most interesting example of 
its class of early Hindu architeaure. Never 
can I forget my ride on elephant back (the 
Maharaja's own beast, gayly caparisoned) 
to the music of its sweet bell, in the late 
afternoon with a level sun flooding the 
vast brown plain below, and the solemn 
rock crowned with splendid architecture 
towering on the right; nor my eager visit of 
two hours in fast waning light to the temples, 
Jain Colossi, and other interesting remains 
of an ancient rigime on that lofty summit. 
There is no more fascinating spot in that 
land of antiquity." Look again at the fine 
half-tone reproduction, with this description 



MISSIONS 



8i 



% The Laymen's Missionary Movement is 
at present engaged in a campaign of educa- 
tion, which will continue until April. It 
started in Youngstown, Ohio, and will go 
to the Pacific Coast, taking in the principal 
cities. The program this year is c iefly 
institute work, designed to show the laymen 
how to work, and to raise up leaders to carry 
on the instruction after the expert teaching 
force has gone. Business men who have 
become interested say that the missionary 
business must be conducted upon the same 
plane of efficiency, energy and success as 
other business, and to teach them how to 
do it is a main purpose of the institutes. 
There will also be several conventions. 
Secretary Stackhouse will represent us in 
this work, and will get into touch with the 
Baptist men in each place visited in the in- 
terests of our own Laymen's Movement 
and the local. Brotherhoods. 

^ The theological seminaries cannot teach 
everything, it is true, and the curriculum is 
already overcrowded. But one thing that 
the seminaries might well encourage and 
stimulate, reaching back indeed into the 
college, is a knowledge of Italian and 
Spanish. French and German are all 
right, but the minister of today and the 
prospective missionary will find Italian and 
Spanish equally advantageous culturally 
and immediately usable in parish or mis- 
sionary work. A seminary elective in these 
languages would open large opportunities 
for personal Christian work that would react 
most helpfully upon the spiritual life of the 
student. If young ministers need one thing 
more than another it is aptness of personal 
approach, and tact in applying the human 
touch. There is no more effective way to 
acquire this than by getting into helpful 
contact with the foreigners who now abound 
everywhere, in city or country parish; and 
some knowledge of their mother tongue is 
the "open sesame." 

Tl We are glad to note, in this connection, 
that Newton has added a French training 
course to the Gordon Training School cur- 
riculum, and has secured the services of 
Missionary Pastor Delagneau of Worcester 
as teacher. With an Italian department in 
Brooklyn, in connection with Colgate, a 
German and Slavic work at Rochester, and 
the Scandinavian department at Chicago 



Divinity School, we are doing something to 
prepare trained missionaries for the foreign 
peoples; but there is a vastly greater work 
to be done, and a part of this work can only 
be accomplished by the American pastor 
and his laymen. The churches that study 
their field and engage in this kind of mis- 
sionary effort wherever there is opportunity 
will have no lack of conversions or spiritual 
vitality. 

^ Z ion's Advocate of December 28 contained 
an instructive article on "Indigenous Chris- 
tianity in India," by F. M. Armstrong, son of 
Rev. W. F. Armstrong of Rangoon, Burma. 
The writer shows how everywhere Chris- 
tianity has become a recognized religion, and 
a religion of India, setting up new standards, 
commercial, social and moral. He rightly 
says it is a marvel to have made in so few 
years any impression upon the stolid, satis- 
fied Hindu, with his centuries of custom. 
In the line of what was brought out at the 
Edinburgh Conference, he holds that India 
should be left free to develop an Indian church. 

^ Ambassador Bryce, whose acuteness as an 
observer and sound judgment as a statesman 
and publicist will not be questioned, has 
returned from a visit to Panama and South 
America with a thoroughly optimistic feeling. 
He says he was greatly interested in every- 
thing he saw in South America, and that 
there is a wonderful sentiment down there 
for universal peace. A new era has dawned 
in all the countries of our great neighbor 
continent. They offer now a missionary 
field of the first importance. What are our 
missionary boards going to do to Christianize 
the newly awakening and developing life of 
the long slumbering Spanish-speaking peo- 
ples ? 

^ There are in California and Saskatchewan^ 
Canada, some twenty thousand Molokanes, 
Russian refugees, driven out of their native 
land by oppressive measures. They are ag- 
ricultural and economical. It is reported 
that they purpose to establish in the far West 
a colony, perhaps in the vicinity of Santa 
Barbara, California, securing forty or fifty 
thousand acres of land for their plant. 
There is a strong liking among them for 
cooperative ownership. They are said to 
be primitive and substantial, religious by 
nature, and receptive to the right sort of 
missionary approach. 



MISSIONS 



Camping Snapshots in the Garo Hills 

BY REV. G. G. CROZIER, TURA, ASSAM 




numerous — for 
Camping ? Yes, it 



T is a fine resort with 
plenty of variety. 

gether in the for- 
ests and by the 
babbling brooks. 
Entrancing views 
everywhere, and 
abundance of 
game, and thrilling 
experiences 
rh as seek them. 
camping, one long 



line of camps; rough, genuine camps. 
Touring, don't you mean f Yes, tour- 
ing, but not in a touring car. Better 
go in the dry season unless you are 
expert in wading and swimming moun- 
tain torrents over beds of boulders, aiid 
are expeditious in ridding yourself of 
the numerous leeches that "stand like 
wiggling fingers on every grass-tip along 
the pathway," as one coolie naively 
warned me. 



It being utterly impossible for any 
one man to see every Christian village 
during the possible touring season, the 
work is divided for the dry season of 
1910-11 with the hope of visiting once 
each school and church, and, as far as 
is possible, all the scattered groups of 
Christians; and a few, very few, of the 
multitudes of almost untouched heathen 
villages. Mr. and Mrs. Harding are to 
go together to the south and west, 
Dr. Mason to the western north. Miss 
Bond and Miss Robb to the central 
north, Mrs. Crozier and myself to the 
eastern north and inland central regions 
of the hills. 

A few notes from the journal of my 
first two years' touring will give a 
sympathetic view of the region Mrs. 
Crozier and I are to visit this season, 
and of the work that is before us. 

"Eight miles up, around, behind and 
across a high range of hills, and we 
leave the semi-graded government bridle 



MISSIONS 



»3 



path to lee it no more (ill again within 
three miles of home. We reach the 
picturesque Ganol as it swirls between 
its zigzag rocky walla. The old rattan 
native suspension bridge and the new 
bamboo bridge speak of the dangers 
and the contrasts of the seasons." 

There are many bad places to cross 
on native bridges, or without them, on 
this tour. At one place "both ponies 
fell otF from the bridge and floundered 
around in the water, mud and logs for 
half an hour, but escaped with no 
serious injury. We managed to get 
both ponies across the next two bridges, 
but to avoid the risk at the next. Dr. 
Mason worked for nearly an hour to 
get his through the water, but we reached 
our destination at 4.00 p.m. The next 
day a pleasant ride of three or four 
hours brought us past many forbidding 
mud holes, worthless bridges, and yawn- 
ing earthquake cracks to Rongjeng," 
with which church we may spend 
Christmas this year. To and from the 
several branches of this church we face 
the record r "Off at 10.30 A.m.; 8.30 p.m. 
ready for bed at Mangsang. Arrived 
at 5.00 and ate supper, — -tired, — most as 
hard as harvesting in the old farm days; 
hills, HILLS, HILLSI Whew! Mud 
holes, earthquake cracks, mirel Ex- 
amined school, held ser\'ice, heard 
people clapping bamboos to frighten 
off wild animals from their growing 



rice. In the moming treated patients, 
baptized four, and off at 9.30. Hills 
HILLS, HILLS; rocks, rocks, ROCICSI 
Earthquake cracks and chasms, rents 
and seams, bamboo bridges and mud 
holesi Four o'clock arrived at Dam- 
bora very tired, — through bamboo 
forests, mud holes, and over precipitous 
hills all day; enormous rocks scattered 
about and capping the hills or had been 
thrown down crashing through the 

i'ungle at the time of the earthquake." 
^ven at the time of this writing the 
earth occasionally rumbles and shakes 
beneath us. 

"Approaching Dambora from the 
opposite direction the next year with 
Mr. Phillips we left the historic Raja- 
simla where the hrst Garo Christians 
were gathered out from total savage 
darkness forty-three years ago, and 



MISSIONS 



where by the gracious purpose of the 
Master we were constrained by a heavy 
storm to remain a blessing longer than 
we had purposed. We left our houses 
of shelter placarded with 'Well Came,' 
and 'Welcome to our Lord' as a witness 
unto the truth, and followed up the 
Rangda River as it came thundering 
down the gorge. In some places the 
swollen stream was completely hid 
under the enormous rocks tumbled in 
reckless confusion. The pure bracing 
air helped us as we wriggled our way 
through the dense wairS bamboo forest 



up the slippery and often rocky precip- 
itous hillsides, slipping off muddy 
ridges, struggling through deep mud, 
over rocks and piles of rocks, and earth- 
quake traps for ponies' legs, and 
puffing up, and up and up, and sliding 
and creeping and tumbhng down, and 
down and down. At one place my pony 
tumbled off a ledge eight or ten feet, at 
another I barely saved him, and at 
another Mr. Phillips' pony slid about 
three rods down a make-believe path 
in the dense bamboo forest," 

"Eight P.M. at Danbora. Evening 



MISSIONS 



service is over, and school is now in 
session in the native chapel. Mr. Mason 
and Tangkan are examining the school. 
About two hundred crowded into the 
building for the service, a number com- 
ing by torchlight from another village. 
Amid the noise of the barking, snarling, 
fighting dogs, the cooing, fretting and 
ciying of numerous babies tied on the 
backs of the mothers, and the repeated 
creaking and cracking and crash of the 
breaking bamboo floor, the gospel was 
presented to the eye and ear of the 
crowd. Aftvr dispatching our coolies 
next moming at 7.15 we held a blessed 
service with the church, and left them 
It 9.00 A.M., reaching the Adokgtri 
Church center at 1.30 p.m." 

The church examination on such a 
trip includes generally church records 
and candidates for baptism. At one 
meeting I caught the following ques- 
tions asked one of the candidates for 
baptism: 2. Question on sin, fear; 
what ia nn ? 4. When did you hear ? 



5. Did you like the message i 6. About 
hell. 7. About baptism. 8. Who goes 
to hellP 9. Who saves from hell? 
10. HowdoesHe? 11. Bywhatmeans? 
12. Who sent Him f 13. Why? 14. Is 
Henowdead? 15. IsHe alive? 16. Does 
He see and hear you now ? 17, Teach- 
ing, sacrificing, drinking, helpfulness, 
etc. 18. Your home — if you help in 
sacrificing, is it sin 7 19. Does Christ 
give strength and help ? 20. Does God 
hear your prayer ? 21. On forbearance. 
26. Do you love the mind and work of 
God i 27. If you are a member, will 
you help in the work, and give your 
money as much as possible ? 28. Will 
you sacrifice if you have much sickness 
and trouble ? 29. If your father and 
mother afflict you. what will you do ? 

Some thirty questions were asked 
each candidate by various ones in the 
congregation. Other questions asked of 
others were: "Reason for desiring 
baptism;" "How can you be saved?" 
To which latter the answer was, " Christ 



PJhM* h An>. Wm. Drimi 



86 



MISSIONS 



died in the world, but was raised and 
now lives in heaven." Still other ques- 
tions were, "What is Christ now do- 
ing?" "What did Christ die for?" 
"What did men do to Christ ?" "Will 
you give up sin?" "If you are not 
baptized, will Christ be your friend, or 
your enemy?" "Does bapdsm save 
you?" Answer to .the last, "No, but it 
shows my faith." "Will tiy my best 
to teach them of my own family." 
"Till death, will endure affliction." 
The third candidate says, "God saves 
me through the death of Christ." With 
the founh these additional thoughts 
were caught, "Why have you given up 
sin?" "Did God like the death of 
Christ?" "Do you pray?" "Do you 
teach and try to save others?" The 
sixth said, "I have faith in God; I 
pray to God and He saves me. My 
father drinks, but favors my baptism. 
Christ delivers me from sin. He is my 
friend." The seventh candidate, after 
some questioning, was advised to wait. 
Meering adjourned at 12.45 niidnight. 

"As I was pushing on homeward 
near sunset through a bamboo forest, 



suddenly I caitie upon an impressive 
scene. A branch path from a village 
came in at the top of a little hill; I 
had heard a voice. There sat a little 
five-year-old boy upon a ditty cloth on 
the ground near a fire, and the heavy- 
hearted father was sacrificing to the 
demons and calling on them to accept 
his offerings and relieve his little child 
of the malaria from which the boy had 
been suiFering several days. There 
were some little bamboo fixtures ripped 
with bright red peppers; pieces of 
squash and sweet potato had been 
offered, together with some other things, 
and a hen was waiting. Her blood was 
to be shed for the sins of the child or 
parents on account of which this sick- 
ness had come. The father thought the 
offended demons were preparing to eat 
the child, but that they might accept 
his substitute. I stopped and talked 
with the sorrowing man and told of the 
loving Spirit and the Great Physician, 
and told him to come and get medicine; 
also told him of purity and peace. May 
the Lord bless this unexpected meeting 
in the bamboo forest." 



MISSIONS 87 



The Call of the Christ 

By REV. CLAUDE KELLY 

IN the crowded press of the city street, 
From the hovel of want in grim retreat, 
In the lamp's red glare of pit and place 
Where vice prints the mark of the beast on the face, 
By the clanging forge of flaring mills, 
From the reeling product of demon stills, 
In the Babel district of alien tongue, 
There's a call full as strong as alarm bells rung 
When the yellow legions of sinuous fire 
Threatened a path of destruction dire. 
For souls in the city are done to the death, 
And I hark to the summons with anxious breath, 
The call of the Christ to me. 

FROM the far frontier on the border line 
Where scattered hamlets are beaded on steel, 
From the roistering life in the camp of the mine. 
Or the lush of prairie grass follows the wheel. 
By the orchard rills of mountain dyke. 
Where the cattle trail o'er measureless range. 
Where fitful, tropic warfares strike 
And the isles are rife with the fever of change, 
Where the missioner labors in parish wide. 
And the chapel car rolls to ministries new. 
From the lonely cabins of mountain side. 
From plantation singers of dusky hue. 
Where immigrant throngs are streaming forth, 
From Israel's tribes with a veil on the heart, 
From Indian wigwam or frozen north, 
I hear the call which wakes with a start, 
The call of the Christ to me. 



ACROSS the sea, across the sea, 
^ I hear the call of the Christ to me. 
Where the witchman's fetich cowers the soul. 
In the dying cults of ancient scroll. 
Where the typhoon drives the fragile bark 
And the light of Asia wanes to the dark, 
Where the minaret calls for Moslem prayer. 
Or the beast of the jungle hides in his lair. 
Where the caravan traffics in Orient mart, 
Where widowhood curses the child woman's heart. 
By the comfortless splendors of Taj Mahal, 
In the barbaric orgies of savage Kraal, 
Where the kingdom of sunrise lifts from the sea. 
Comes the Spirit's call of the Christ to me. 
The call of the Christ to me. 



AND what dost thou answer Him, O my soul? 
^ Is it nothing to thee as the ages roll, 
That the Lord of Life should suffer in vain. 
That He who was Prince in the Realm of Pain 
Should seek for the sin-stricken children of men. 
That by way of the cross He might bring them again 
To the fold of His care — His infinite care. 
That thou shouldst turn from this, His prayer. 
And deaden thine ear to His wondrous plea. 
The call of the Christ to me? 



M I SSIONS 



A New Porto Rico 

BY GEORGE SALE, D.D. 



THE island of new people in the new Porto Rico. 

Porto Rico These are the work of the Anemia or 

presents the in- Hookworm Commission and the modem 

teresting spectacle public school, 
of a nation engaged 



1 missionary work. 
Forces are at work 
there that are rapid- 
ly bringing about 
an economic and in- 
tellectual regenera- 
tion, and making a new Porto Ric< 



THE PORTO f 



r HOOKWORM 



It was a great pleasure to meet, on 
the steamer which carried us to Porto 
Rico, Dr. Bailey K. Ashford of the 
Medical Corps, United States Army, 
and to hear from his own lips the stoiy 
of the ten years' warfare against the 



They are building new roads; they are hookworm disease, and of the splendid 



developing resources hitherto untouched ; 
they are rapidly eradicating the Porto 
Rico anemia, now recognized as un- 
cinariasis or hook-worm; they are 
developing a system of modern schools; 
they are teaching the new generation the 
English language; they are introducing 
new methods of business, new roads, new 
enterprises, a new business credit, a new 
vigor of health, a new education, a new 
language, a new Porto Rico. 

The real wealth of a country is in its 
people and not in its material resources, 
and of the forces here enumerated there 



results already accomplished. In 1899 
Dr. Ashford discovered that the Porto 
Rican anemia, formerly attributed to 
poor and insufficient food and other 
accompaniments of extreme povernr, 
was due to hookworm. In 1902 a bill 
was passed by the Porto Rican legis- 
lature appropriating ^5,000 and creat- 
ing a commission consisting of Dr». 
Ashford and King of the Army Corps, 
and Dr. Pedro Gutierrez Igaravidcz, a 
Porto Rican physician, for the study 
and treatment of the disease. 
With few friends and amidst general 



are two that are operating to make a incredulity the commission began its 



MISS IONS 



work. But for one fact a certain bit of 
history would have repeated itself and 
the commission could have done "no 
mighty work there because of their un- 
belief." In an account given by Drs. 
Ashford and Igaravidez in the Journal 
of the American Medical Association 
for May 28, 1910, they say: "Had it 
not been for one saving clause we 



would have failed. That element was 
the poor man himself. He was so 
utterly miserable that he could not be 
more so, and as he had faithfully em- 
braced each and all promises to cure 
h m of what he persistently called his 
enfermeJad (illness), in spite of the 
more refined explanations of his better 
educated compatriots, he gingerly ac- 
cepted our treatment." 

A N^W GOSPEL OF HEALING 

The story of the first work of this 
commission reads strangely like a 
chapter from one of the Gospels: "The 
moment we opened our hospital the 
sick began to arrive. We had told the 
governor we might treat 600 cases, but 
when considerably more than 600 cases 
had been treated in Bayamon in less 
than one month, and a cured patient 
began to deposit his entire family and 
that of his neighbors at one morning 
clinic, it became evident that we had 
to move to some other town where we 
were not known or succumb to the 
force of numbers. We moved to Utuado, 
said to be the most hungry of all the 
Porto Rican municipalities, with a 
population of 40,000. We rapidly re- 
organized our work to satisfy the 
demands we knew would come, and in 
spite of every care and outside assistance 
we were again overwhelmed with pa- 
tients. They came from every barrio 
of the extensive municipality, afoot, 
horseback and in hammocks. As soon 
as some notorious old anemic, who had 



MISSIONS 



spent his last cent to buy iron pills, 
would return to his barrio from our 
hospital cured, the whole barrio would 
swarm about our ears. On July 4, 1904, 
two members of the commission were 
ill and the one remaining handled a 
clinic of over 700, each one of whom 
had to have a clinical summary of his 
case made out." Surely that was a 
glorious 4th of July. 



I asked our general misaonaiy, Dr. 
A. B. Rudd, what his observation had 
been of the results of this work. His 
reply was very emphatic. He said that 
ten years ago the majority of people one 
met on the roads and trails in the 
mountains were listless and sallow; now 
there is spring in the step and oAot in 
the cheeks and multitudes of the people 
are rejoicing in a new vigor of health. 

The story cannot here be totd in (iill 
of the disgusting worlc entailed in this 
service and the great personal sacrifices 
of these devoted physicians whose chief 
reward is in the results accomplished 
in the bodies of the poor of the island. 
It was no figure of speech when I said 
in the opening sentence of this article 
that the island presented the spectacle 
of a nation engaged in missionary work. 



CURpS AT BARGAIN COST 

Other appropriations were subse- 
quently made and a detailed report of 
the work up to June 30, 1910, shows 
that up to that time 249,688 patients 
had been treated, who had made 
1,302,032 visits to the various stations. 
This work was accomplished at a cost 
of $154, 191. 40 or 61 J^ cents per patient. 
Of these 48 per cent were completely 
cured, and about 80 per cent practically 
cured of the disease. From June, 1909, 
to February, 1910, 22,568 more cases 
were treated. It is estimated that 
adding the numbers of cases privately 
treated the total would reach 300,000, 
nearly one-third of the population of 
the island. 



A LAND OF SCHOOLHOU8B8 

The missionary territory of the Home 
Mission Society extends along both 
sides of the great Military Road from 
San Juan to Ponce. To visit the terri- 
tory one must take a motor car or 
coach, as the railway lines on the 
island are for the most part along the 



MISSIONS 



north and west coast. This is fortunate, 
for not only are frequent stops possible, 
but the opportunity for observation of 
the country and people is constant. If 
I were asked. What in the ride across 
the island impressed you most ? I 
should at once say, the public schools. 
In the principal towns the public schools 
are the most conspicuous buildings, and 
they are everywhere crowded with 
bright and happy children. In nearly 
all the large towns the buildings over- 
flow and some of the grades are housed 
in rented quarters. When school is dis- 
missed one wonders how all the children 



can be tucked away in the houses of the 
town. Every few miles along the road 
a rural schoolhouse appears surrounded 
by tropic growth or backed by some 
lofty mountain peak. Over every school 
building the stars and stripes float, and 
within whenever possible the school is 
conducted in English, while the stand- 
ards are those of our American system, 
and many of the teachers are Americans. 
The response of the Porto Ricans to the 
provisions made for education has been 
almost universal, and they have a pride 
in sending their children to school clean 
and neatly dressed. Indeed one of the 



MISSIONS 

inefFaceable impressions I brought away 
from the island was of a land swarming 
with school children. 

In San Juan, Mayaguez and Ponce 
excellent high schools are maintained. 
A brief visit to the high school of Ponce 
gave the impression of a group of hand- 
some concrete buildings surrounding a 
quadrangle shaded by palm trees, a 
hive of industry, where eveiybody was 
paying strict attention to business. 
Nearly all the staff here are Americans, 
and the course of study is that of the 
American high school. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF PORTO RICO 

The educational center of the island 
is Rio Piedras, the seat of the University 
of Porto Rico. This town is on the 
Military Road seven miles from San 
Juan and is reached by a fifty-minute 
ride on the electric cars. Of the proposed 
University two departments are in 
operation, the agricultural department 
and the Insular Normal School. Two 
years of the proposed course in Arts are 
now offered. These departments attract 
students from all parts of the island. 
There are no dormitories, and the 
young men and young women have to 
find boarding places as best they can 
in the houses of the town, 

A Porto Rican gentleman whom I 
met on shipboard said to me, "The 
hope of Porto Rico is in the children. 
We old people are set in our way and 
you cannot change us, but the children 
are learning new ways and the schools 
are transforming the island." And he 
was right. The forces now at work in 
Porto Rico will in less than two genera- 
tions completely transform it, and we 
shall see a new people inhabiting a new 
island. 

A CALL FOR PROTESTANT MISSIONS 

It is this background of national 
endeavor that gives to our Protestant 
Evangel its thrilling interest and throws 
into clear relief the task that is before 

MAI KHOni. J, ICHOOL AT lAH LOKEHIO i v J 1 e 

BMCATioMAi tcKoot 4. HicB (CHcioL, FOHct US, aud the utgeHt demand tor con- 



MISSIONS 



structive work. Other fields there are 
where prepress jogs along with tropic 
leisureliness; here it moves with amazing 
swiftness. The constructive forces 
above enumerated are all material and 
intellectual. No religion can be taught 
in (he schools. It is the task of our 
Protestant forces to see to it that the 
new people are dominated by spiritual 
ideals. Romanism can practically be 
left out of account. It antagonizes the 
public school, the most potent of all the 
constructive forces on the island, and 
has lost its hold on the masses of the 
people. It is not a question as to 
whether Porto Rico shall be Protestant 
or Catholic. It is a question whether 
it shall be Protestant or irreligious, 

THE EVANGELICAL CONFERENCE 

An excellent opportunity was afforded 
to gauge the strength of the united 
Protestant forces at the conference of 
evangelical workers held at Ponce, 
November 29 to December I, 1910. 
This was the fourth conference of a 
similar nature. It is held every two 
years under the direction of the Federa- 
tion of Evangelical Churches which 



embraces every evangelical denomina- 
tion except the Episcopalian. The 
opening session was held in the large 
building of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, which was filled to overflowing 
by an enthusiastic congregation of some 
600 people. It was like a prophecy of 
victory to hear this congregation sing 
"Firmes y Adelante," the Spanish ver- 
sion of our great Christian hymn, 
"Onward, Christian Soldiers." 

But it was the closing session in the 
Ponce Theatre, the largest auditorium 
on the island, that made the deepest 
impression. When we reached the build- 
ing, several minutes before the hour of 
opening, every seat was taken and only 
standing room was to be had. From 
the stage the impression was of a sea 
of faces filling pit, galleries and boxes, 
and the way in which the audience 
joined in the hymns showed that they 
were mainly Protestants. On the stage 
was a large choir of young people, many 
of them students of the High School, 
who sang with sweetness and precision. 

There were three addresses. The 
first was by Albelardo M. Diaz, one of 
our Porto Rican Baptist pastors, on 



94 MISSIONS 

Intemperance, a popular presentation referred to in this article and emphasiz- 

which was well received. Then the ing the call to the churches, not to 

representative of the Home Mission build up this denomination or that, but 

Society was privileged to speak for the to see to it that the new people of the 

Christian bodies of the United States new Porto Rico shall be dominated by 

in an address outlining the forces Christian purposes and ideals. Then 



MISSIONS 



foUowed an excellent address by an 
American missionary outlining the great 
modem missionary movements, Stu- 
dent Volunteer, Mission Study, Lay- 
men'i Movement, the Edinburgh Con- 
(eience, the significance of all which he 
declared to be that the churches were 
reco^iinng their world-wide mission, 
and also that their mission is one and 
die nme for all. 

In one of the day sessions of the con- 
ference there was some friction, owing 
to tendency of some to reopen questions 
ai to the basis of federation and to 
: tomewhat sharply the church 



polity of some confederating churches. 
This was but a ripple on the surface. 
The conference was a magnificent 
demonstration of the oneness of our 
Protestant communions. Standing in 
that large audience in the theatre it was 
hard to realize that one was facing but 
little more than a decade of mission 
work on the island. 

THE TASK OF THE HOUR 

One part of the philanthropic task 
undertaken by the nation as the result 
of the war with Spain was the recon- 
struction of Porto Rico. It is with a 
thrill of pride that one points to the 
spectacle of a great nation using all 
the resources of this island, which is 
part of the spoils of war, for the develop- 
ment of the island itself and the welfare 
of its people. The flag floating from 
'the school building is a daily reminder 
that American occupation means en- 
largement of opportunity for the com- 
ing generations. The work is one of 
surpassing interest. Here is a small 
island with a million inhabitants practi- 
cally homogeneous, and we are bringing 
to bear upon it our accumulated ex- 
perience of government, of education, 
of sanitation and the scientific treatment 
of disease. The whole island is astir 
with the spirit of the new time. In this 
work of reconstruction our Protestant 
forces have a large part to perform. 
We must for the time being give to 



MISSIONS 



Porto Rico missionary resources out of development shall keep pace with these 
proportion to the numbers of her forces for material and intellectual 
people, in order that her religious enlargement. 



MISSIONS 



Shall we repeat in Pono Rico the 
mistakes we have made in the home 
land ? During the past decade we have 
awakened to the fact that our educa- 
tional machinery, and especially the 
public schools, were not producing the 
moral effects on the people for which 
our fathers hoped. Our convictions in 
this regard have taken shape in the 
Religious Education Association, and 
the great effort the churches are every- 
where making to supplement the teach- 
ing of the schools by moral and religious 
training. There is less opportunity for 
religious influence in the public schools 



of Porto Rico than in those in the 
United States. The instruction must 
under the conditions be wholly secular. 
Unless our Protestant churches supple- 
ment this work as they are doing at 
home by moral and religious influences 
and in a measure commensurate with 
the material forces that are changing 
the face of things in Porto Rico, the 
loftiest ideals of our American life will 
not find expression in the new Porto 
Rico. 

" If a son shall ask bread of any of 
you that is a father, will he give him a 



MISSIONS 



litions in Great Britain During 1910 

BY BASIL MATHEWS, M.A. 

EDITORIAL SECRETARY OF THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY 




ROUBLED by the 
earthquake of the 
general election and 
deafened by the whirl- 
wind of political ora- 
tory, it is not easy to 
listen for the still 

* that tells of the things which 
emal value in our British 
ring 1 9 10. It is not easy to 

instance, that the verdict of 
entury on the history of this 
be that its most important 
I a world point of view was 
g of some thousands of men 
;n from every part of the 
consider the science of the 
of God in Edinburgh, just 
r Roman history it would 
cd ludicrous if an Emperor 
old that one of the Councils 
lurch was more important 
vn imperial decrees, 
itical history of the year will, 
itself certainly make history, 

begun and ended in two 
:ctions fought with extraor- 
lemence on questions that 
down to the very pith and 

government and social life; 
he very center of that war 

* a sudden peace when the 
leath was laid upon King 
/II. The British general 

January, 1910, raged first 
ost around the question of 
n of land. Around this one 
er a whole host of social 
ch go far beyond the mere 
arty politics. Great Britain, 
Jnited States, has suffered 
iceasing influx of people into 
One of the great causes of 
;ration into cities with us has 
ack in villages of houses in 



which to live, and the lack of access to 
land from which to draw sustenance. 
The attempt to throw more and more 
of our land into agricultural use as 
opposed to its being preserved for sport 
was one of the central issues of the 
January general election. It was the 
question whether we are to have 
pheasants or peasants. 

The social unrest of which this is 
but one example has resolved itself into 
a questioning of all established things, 
with the result that both the good and 
the bad in ancient institutions suiFer 
violence. The strength of the hereditary 
principle as crystallized in our own 
House of Lords has been battered and 
weakened during this last year, and 
particularly during the election which 
is closing as I write, as never before in 
its history. To such an extent is this 
true that even the Lords themselves 
have passed resolutions giving up the 
unqualified principle of their hereditary 
right to legislate. But, again and again, 
the criticism of the good that is essential 
has gone confusedly along with the 
criticism of the bad old organizations. 
For instance, in matters of religion we 
find that the failing grip of established 
ecclesiasticisrfi is also accompanied by a 
decay of the heart of religion. Again, 
the steady stream of evidence that has 
come before the Divorce Commission 
throughout this year, a Commission 
which is still sitting, has shown a strong 
movement against the old character- 
istics of family life. Evidence has come 
from statesmen, leaders of the Church, 
ethnological experts, and doctors with 
a passion for eugenics, and the general 
impression conveyed has been that in 
the specifically religious life of England 
the problems raised by personal in- 
compatibility of temperaments, and the 



MISSIONS 



99 



desire to shirk responsibility in condi- 
tions of marriage, do not have much 
force; while, on the other hand, there 
is outside those religious areas a rather 
querulous desire to throw off the 
shackles that tradition has placed on 
immediate impulses. The general, in- 
formed feeling in England on this 
question is that the increase of access 
to divorce multiplies by its very existence 
the number of people who desire the 
dissolution of marriage. 

On another side of the social problem 
we have striking evidences during the 
last year of a petulant industrial unrest. 
The fact that many of the strikes under 
which we have suffered have arisen on 
small points, and in defiance of the 
official leaders of the trade unions, 
shows querulous irritation combined 
with a lack of discipline which are 
rather ominous for the future success 
of labor agitation. The feeling is deep 
and strong and urged on by unjust 
conditions. 

The central place that social interests 
are taking in our national thought is 
shown by the fact that the outstanding 
names among our younger writers, the 
men who command the more intelligent 
ear of the public, are all men with a 
social passion and with great powers of 
agitation with a view to change. One 
may simply mention the names of 
Mr. G. K. Chesterton, Mr. H. G. Wells, 
Mr. Bernard Shaw and Mr. John 
Galsworthy. It is significant that 
Galsworthy's play called "Justice" so 
moved our Home Secretary, Mr. Win- 
ston Churchill, by its statement of the 
inhumanity of our method of treating 
criminals that he has ever since been 
actively at work examining the condi- 
tions and moving towards a betterment. 

What then, in the face of all this 
unrest, is the attitude of the churches, 
and how far has the religious voice been 
expressed ? It may perhaps be broadly 
said that the churches in England are 
awake, as they have never before been 



awake, to social evils under which the 
majority of our population suffer, and 
yet it may equally well be said that the 
attitude is emotional rather than in- 
formed. It pities the sufferer, but has 
little knowledge of 'methods of relief. 
The attitude of the churches to the 
hereditary legislature has been signifi- 
cant. As one would expect, the Free 
Churches have been almost completely 
unanimous in their enthusiastic ardor 
against the House which has steadily 
resisted all claims for the equality of 
Nonconformists in the eye of the law 
and all attempts to legislate with a view 
to temperance. It is, however, much 
more interesting to find The Church 
Times, the organ of High Anglicanism 
in the established Episcopal Church, 
expressing itself in a leading article in 
this extraordinarily frank way: "The 
House of Lords, theoretically considered, 
is a rather absurd institution. No in- 
ventor of constitutions would dream of 
anything so fantastic: it is an odd sur- 
vival from a state of things long past, 
and it does not even represent what was 
logically coherent in its original forma- 
tion. It is not an assembly of magnates, 
but a fortuitous collection of individuals. 
The majority of its members are obscure 
persons without weight or authority. 
The methods by which it is recruited are 
often suspicious and sometimes scan- 
dalous. It should be overwhelmed with 
ridicule." 

There has been a distinct change in 
the attitude of the National Free Church 
Council during the past year which will 
mark an epoch in its history, a change 
personified in the elevation of the Rev. 
F. B. Meyer to its secretariat in suc- 
cession to the late Rev. Thomas Law. 
Broadly, that change may be described 
as the movement from party politics to 
a social evangelicalism. The difference 
of the newer social evangelicalism from 
the old evangelism may be summed up 
in the belief that there is such a thing 
as social as well as individual salvation. 



5a^t\\ A 



100 



MISSIONS 



TKis growth of the social conscience, 
stimulated and informed from the 
American side by such stirring books 
as Professor Peabody's "Jesus Christ 
and the Social Problem," has altogether 
modified the old individualistic pierism 
i>l^ the Keswick School. The personal 
stoi>- of Mr. Meyer himself during the 
iastlive \-ear8 has been precisely along 
that line. His newer attitude in de- 
nouncing village feudalism and in the 
MTaching of social reform resulted in a 
!(fciYase by about one-half of the sale 
^>^ his devotional books among his older 
<\ angelical Keswick admirers. 

Sioe by side with the fact that the 
x4^«ivhes are realizing more and more 
their duty in matters of social reclama- 
thM\ ci>nie8 the deplorable story of 
itHUicfion in membership numbers. 
INactically all ^f our churches show a 
y\t\\\M in actual membership, though 
ii in diHicult to base any authoritative 
Aiftumrnt on such figures, as niay be 
^ufKM'd from the fact that owing to 
Antitiuatcd methods of collecting results 
o«i C'onRrcgational Year Book gives 
x\\\n yrur the reported membership of 
t\v\) ycNi'S ago. Here again we have the 
inipiiUr to avoid responsibility. Proba- 
bly innruding numbers attend churches, 
but the number of those who take 
ihr irNponiibility of membership is 

IfNN. 

'I lir (luf standing organic development 
ot (hi* Noi'isil enthusiasm of the churches 
in KiiKtiind is in the Men's Societies of 
(hi* Anglican Church, and the P.S.A. 
jliollicrluKid Movement among the 
ji'lfiii (*l)urches. Altogether with the 
AihiU Schools this movement gathers 
liplwrrii half a million and three-quar- 
lii|ii of a million of workingmen and 
I'lmkn in the afternoon meetings all 
iivri the land. The Social Reform 
inipli< 'itions of the gospel are em- 
|ihM*i/^d in these meetings, and are, 
ihaitdnCf breaking down the feeling 
uf fhe artisan that the churches are 
Mreless of the coming of the Kingdom 



on earth. It is significant that Dr. 
George Adam Smith, for instance, sees 
in this development one of the most 
hopeful movements since the Reforma- 
tion; while Dr. Alexander White regards 
it as ''a direct road to the communion 
table." 

On the whole it is true to say that 
this is the outstanding feature of 
religious life in this year, rather than 
any movement of liberalism in theol- 
ogy. The New Theology Movement in 
Great Britain, with all the passionate 
keenness, ability and sincerity of its 
leaders, cannot be described as having 
any great d)mamic effect. What is 
perhaps more important is that nearly 
all our denominations have embarked 
on schemes of Sunday School reform. 
American psychologists, like Dr. Star- 
buck and Dr. Coe, have guided us both 
in the understanding of the child mind 
and the reconstruction of our organiza- 
tion. Mr. G. H. Archibald has ex- 
pounded these newer methods with the 
enthusiasm of an apostle. And the 
younger element in the churches have 
taken up the challenge with, on the 
whole, extraordinary zeal. 

Perhaps the one other feature of our 
religious thought during this year, which 
is worthy of mention, is the Rev. J. H. 
Shakespeare's heroic scheme for a 
United Free Church of England. He 
showed at the Free Church Council 
meetings in the spring that people 
move now from one denomination to 
another without any sense of strain 
upon their consciences. Under the 
watchword ''Redistribution and Social 
Service" he proposes the formation of 
a United Free Church of England as 
distinct from the Established Church, 
not in opposition to it, but representing 
the non-sacerdotal idea. The United 
Free Church should allow autonomy to 
its different sections, yet working to- 
gether with a common policy and full 
co-operation. He wanted to see on every 
notice board "United Free Church of 



MISSIONS 



En^and,"and underneath, "Methodist 
Section," or "Congregationalist Section." 

It may be said that broadly speaking 
our churches are penitent and hopeful. 
There has come to them, even during 
the last year, a clearer sense of the 
sufficiency of God, and it is curious 
how this and other watchwords of the 
Edinburgh Conference are penetrating 
the mind of our home churches, so that 
once more we seem to be experiencing 
the real value of foreign missions as a 
Stimulus to home work. 

Our political and social and religious 
life are all being reanimated by the 



of the passion for social reo 
lamation. There is today more ideal- 
ism in politics, more penitence in 
corporate church life, more individual 
sacrifice among members of a higher 
social order for their depressed brothers 
than twelve months ago. Faced by 
many and varied problems, often appar- 
ently insoluble, we remain undismayed 
or undepressed, because of undying 
determination to face the problems with 
courage, and attack them by eveiy 
weapon which sanctified ingenuity 
and scientific statesmanship can con- 



Rounding up this Year's Budget Campaign 



LMOST everybody 
now agrees that 
weekly giving for 
missions is the plan 
of missionary 
finance par tx- 
e el I e nee. The 
Northern Baptist Convention recom- 
mends it. The Laymen's Missionary 
Movement is emphasizing it everywhere. 
All denominauons are promoting it. 

An Every Member Canvass with 
weekly offerings from now until March 
31 is suggested as the best plan for 
completing this year's Budget. Single 
missionary envelopes for weekly offerings 
will be supplied free of charge for the 
rest of this fiscal year by the General 
Apportionment Committee, Ford Build- 
ing, Boston. The following course is 
recommended. 

TXY TT IN YOUK CHUKCH 

1. Call t<^;ether a few representative men of 

the church. 

2. State the problem and have definite 

prayer. 

3. Go at it in dead earnest. 

4. Plan a month's campaign. 

5. I^ this b(^ with a "Budget Sunday." 



>r "Budget Sunday" the following is 
suggested: 

Let the pastor and two or three lay- 
men make strong appeals for the 
WHOLE Budget and, if possible. 



Place on the blackboard, in la^ 
characteis, a statement of the 
present situation in some such 



Total Hissionary Budget of the 

church for uie year S-  

Amount already raised to apply 

Balance to be raised before the 
end of the year (. . 

Weekly offering required for 

weeks to end of 

year %.. 

Ths Basal yau of tha iviwral mlMionvy mnIi 



Let the last speaker present the 
above, and then 

Distribute pledge blanks for immedi- 
ate subscriptions to raise the 
entire amount in weekly ofFer- 
tngs. Have packages of en- 
velopes ready for distribution. 



MISSIONS 



/. Appoint It thti time  nnmg com- 
mittee, I luffident number, if 
ponible, to go two by two to 
eveiy tnember of the church 
who iota not lign a pledge card 
CM1 "Budget Sunday," or who 
mi^t be able or willing to in- 
crcaie hit or her lubKripdcHi. 
Appoint two to correspond with non- 

reaident memben. 
Let the following Sunday be "Prelimi- 
nary Report Sunday." Let the 
whole church hear from the canran- 
tn, every one of them. Place on 
the blackboard the retumt. If the 
reports are not tatiifactory have a 
season of prayer. Face all diffi- 



culties, apeak hopefully, pbn a «^ 
canvati if neceaiaiy. _ 

9. Let the next Sunday b« 

Member Sunday." 
ingi received froi 
memben. Read I 
from them* 

10. Let the fourth Sundaj 

Sunday." Let die 1 
ming with die great 
■ioni. Let the di 
committee report die reauha of lh» 
month's campaign. Give a few 
minutei for membcta to tell what 
the campaign has meant to them, 
how they earned or laved the mooey 
they gave to the Bui^et. 



"Come Over and Help Us" 

CHINA'S 
APPEAL 



COlfFDCIAR 

awmiaona 



HOHAHBIBDAH 



CHRISTIAn 
One-FlWil 



MISSIONS 



Kjn me w ar ram among cianKet 
Indians 

BY FIELD SECRETARY L. C. BARNES, D.D. 



HEY are still Blanket 
Indians, although white 
men are settled on farms 
all about them and inter- 
spersed among their own 
allotments. The Indian 
men seen were all in 
attire similar to that of 
other frontier farmers, but 
the women, thanks cither 



picturesque native cos- 
tumes, including almost 
invariably the blanket. 

The war path is no 
longer against men. It 
now against devils. 
The old demons of in- 
dolence, greed, falsehood, 
lust and thrift less ness are 
, rampant. Whites can 
** understand the battle be- 
cause these demons are 
not confined to Redskins. 
The experienced and 
:ampaigner. Superintendent 
ney, planned the invasion so 
the missionaries so efficiently 
cany it out, that we visited 



founeen of our sixteen chapels and 
preaching stations and held a two days' 
conference with the assembled mission- 
aries of the Society and the Woman's 
Society, all in ten days. 

This involved, during the days on 
the road, driving twenty to forty miles 
a day behind the Society's missionary 
teams, which are not the fastest, being 
Indian ponies for the most part. One 
is a mule team, and the missionary 
frequently signs himself M.D. (Mule 
Driver). A sharp north wind was blow- 
ing two of the long days. Kind friends 
put a big red shawl around the Field 
Secretary. When alighting at one 
stauon the Indian interpreter awaiting 
said, "Ughl Blanket Indian." 

One of the greatest difficuldes in the 
missionary's work is the inveterate 
nomadism of the Indians. The govern- 
ment has put them on allotments, but 
they find frequent occasions for leaving 
their farms and camping elsewhere. 
Whole tribes visit other tribes, bands 
other bands in the same tribe, and 
families are as likely to be encamped 
near some other family as on their 
own allotment. 

Our first Sunday meeting was at one 



104 



MISSIONS 



of the best churches, but all had been 
away camping at a fair, and only one 
came to the chapel where two Sundays 
before nearly fifty communicants had 
gathered at the Lord's Supper. In 
other parts of the field we had good- 
sized gatherings, even on week days, 
generally two a day in different places. 

The second Sunday, when we told the 
story of how Show-A-Fish, the distant 
Crow Indian, had started on the Jesus 
Road, two men, one a young man with 
some education and the other a sturdy 
Indian with some gray in his hair, 
came forward and shook hands with the 
visitors and missionary in token of their 
purpose to take the Jesus Road. The 
joy of those already on the Road was 
great. One of the deacons came around 
later to say good-by. I wish you 
could have seen his beaming face as he 
exclaimed, ''Mebbe so two men ketch 
the Road, my heart heap glad." 

We had services in three government 
schools where our missionaries are the 
welcome chaplains. I never heard any- 
where, even in the most favored suburb 
of Boston, more ready and accurate 
recitations of Scripture in concert than 
were given for half an hour at a time 
by the Indian boys and girls. 

One service was in the evening, when 
only the older pupils were present. A 
large recitation room was filled. Intro- 
duqing them to us the missionary said, 
''Most of these young people are 
members of our church.** This work 
for the rising generation is of incal- 
culable importance. 

At the conference many hard prob- 
lems were vigorously discussed and 
questions of vital interest to the workers 
and the work were frankly considered. 
A more democratic administration of 
missionary affiairs is inconceivable. Su- 
perintendent Kinney talked everything 
over with the whole company. It was 



like one great strong-minded (aniOj, 
all saying right out what they tho tri i t. 
Then all agreed to what seoned Mt 
for the whole work, thoug|i in loaie 
cases the new plans invdlved •eriout 
personal inconvenience. 

There is nothing more Chrisdike in 
all the annals of missions to the heathen 
than the work of these men and women 
today among the Blanket Indians. No 
wonder that m the last five yean a 
thousand souls have ''caught the Road.** 
Of course, with the savage past inbred, 
they are often weak and wayward. But 
a careful going over of the matter widi 
the missionaries indicated that almost 
as large a proportion as in average 
Anglo-Saxon churches are living lives 
which are a credit to the Christian 
name, although our fathers have been 
on the Road for thirty generadont. 
Regeneration somedmes is mightier 
than generation. Men who have diem- 
selves used the scalping knife are setting 
us an example of grace. 

For instance, the Kiowas, as a tribe, 
are numerically more confessedly Chris- 
tian than are the white Americans taken 
as a whole. To establish them in the 
strange new life they need to be carried 
like children in the patient, loving arms 
of the missionaries. Nothing less than 
the heart of Christ is equal to their 
necessities. But a child may set us an 
example. 

In our Jesus talk with them at Rainy 
Mountain, Chief Gotebo announced an 
ideal for an Indian church which our 
white churches ought to seize and nail 
to the mast-head. He flung his pocket- 
book on the floor of the chapel and 
said, "You can see how thin it is, but 
whatever we have to give our church 
ought to give as much for sending the 
gospel to those who are without it as 
we spend in providing it for ourselves.** 
On the Trail. 




MISSIONS 



The Baptists in North Africa 



BY REV. R. SAILLENS 



QROM Egypt to Morocco, 
the land known as North 
Africa, was, centuries 
ago, a flourishing Bap- 
tist country. The names 
of Tertullian, Cyprian, 
Augustine, shine as stars 
of the very first magnitude in the 
history of the Church of Christ. But 
the annals of the world aifotd no other 
instance of such a thorough, radical and 
and lasting change as that which took 
place when the barbarians uprooted 
both the Roman civilization and the 
Chrisuan faith, opening the way for 
the Mahomedan invasion, which made 
North Africa what it is today; a land 
of mosques, with a few scant relics of 
former cathedrals. 

For a long time there was no possi- 
bility to preach the Gospel among the 
Moslems of North Africa. Even now, 
Tripoli and Morocco, at least in the 
interior, are almost entirely shut to 
Chrisdan influences. But the British 
proteaorate in Egypt, and the French 
annexarion of Algiers and Tunis, have 
made a way for the missionary in those 
lands. 

Algeria, a country larger than France, 
was conquered eighty years ago, and 
has been so thoroughly colonized that a 
Frenchman, landing at Algiers, or Oran, 
feels at home at once. Large European 
streets surround the native city, all the 
appliances of European civilizarion are 



at work, and were it not for the sight of 
so many turbans and burnouses, he 
might think himself in Marseilles or 
some other French port. A good rail- 
road system covers the whole country, 
and thousands of thrifty French peas- 
ants are turning the barren waste into 
a fruitful garden. 

I have not visited Tunis, but the 
reports from that part of North Africa 
are even better. The Regency is rapidly 
becoming prosperous under the wise 
management of the French Republic. 

A few years ago, a great deal of 
opposidon from the French authorities 
was shown to the English Protestant 
missionaries, who were the first to try 
the evangelizadon of the natives. I am 
glad to say that this opposidon has, in 
a large d^ree, subsided, the authorities 
having at last understood that those 
English did not come with a view to spy 
the land, but simply to help the natives 
by teaching them the "better way." 

Nearly all these missionaries belong 
to a society which is called "The North 
Africa Mission." Its early promoters, 
thirty years ago, were men well known 
in France, as well as in England, 
George Pearse and W. T. Berger. They 
belonged to the "Brethren" type of 
Chrisdans, and their methods and aims 
were similar to those of the China In- 
land Mission. The work was taken in 
hand by a Committee, the general Sec- 
retary of which was Mr. Edward 



io6 



MISSIONS 



Glenny. My honored friend, the late 
H. Grattan-Guinness, and a number of 
other godly men, among whom are 
several Baptists, sat in that committee. 
While, therefore, it cannot be said 
that North Africa is being evangelized 



by Baptists it is true to say that nearly 
all its present missionaries are baptized 
believers J they have so much in common 
vrith us, that out there among the Mos- 
lems, the diflFerences appear very small. 
In the city of Algiers itself there are, 
to my knowledge, seven baptized mis- 
sionaries (and probably more); four in 
the city of Oran; five or six in the city 
of Constantine; three at Tizi-Ouzou; 
eight in the mountains of Kabylia (and 



probably more); several others in Soiisse, 
Tunis, Larrache, Tangiers and Egypt. 

These men and women do not con- 
fine their labors to the native population, 
which is wholly Moslem. Several of 
them are engaged in evangelizing the 
numerous Europeans: French, Spaniards 
and Italians, who fill the cities, and also 
the Jews, who are very numerous. A 
comparatively large number of French 
Protestants have emigrated to those 
colonies, and there are several French 
churches of the Reformed type, most of 
which work harmoniously with the 
English missionaries. 

A French Baptist and his devoted 
wife, with a lady helper, are settled at 
Tizi-Ouzou, and have started a mis- 
sion on behalf of the natives. Four of 
them have recently been baptized. The 
name of this missionary, who receives 
partial support from our French 
churches, is Brother Rolland, a former 
member of our church at Valentigney. 

Partly through his exenions, a little 
Baptist church has been founded in the 
city of Algiers. It numbers nineteen 
members, three of whom are Bible col- 
poners, whose work among the Arabs 
in the interior has been much blessed of 
God. These good men are supported 
by an English lady, residing in Algiers, 
where she and some other ladies are 
doing missionaiy work. While the lady 
does not belong to the Baptist denomina- 
tion, she gives full liberty to her col- 
porters to act according to their con- 
sciences. I have noted that aU the 
colporters engaged in the work of the 
British and Foreign Bible Society in 
Algeria have been members of some of 
our French Baptist churches, when at 
home. Thus, our French churches, 
though smalland poor, have alarge share 
in the evangelization of North Africa. 

As far as I can ascertain, there are 
now in Algeria about one hundred and 
forty baptized believers, twenty of whom 
were Moslems, ten Jews, and the rest 
European born (besides the missonaries). 



MISSIONS 



107 



These numbers are small, but they 
represent a great deal of faithful work 
under many di£Rculties, which no one 
can realize who has not lived in Ma- 
homedan • 



A VISIT TO ALGERIA 

Perhaps I can do nothing better than 
to relate a short visit which I paid to 
Algeria, a few years ago, at the request 
of a united committee of the French 
and English pastors and missionaries 
of all denominations. 

On my arrival at Algiers from Mar- 
seilles, a passage of thiny-six hours, I 
found all the brethren assembled for a 
prayer meeting at the French Protestant 
Church. Leaving aside all diiFerences, 
they had united for several weeks in 
prayer for the preparation of my visit, 
and I felt the presence of the Spirit in 
that gathering in a marked d^ree. 
For four days in succession that church. 



holding about four hundred, was well 
filled 'with the Protestant-born, a few 
Roman Catholics, and some Jewish con- 
verts. At most of the services the 
former Queen of Madagascar and her 
aunt were present, and seemed to enjoy 
the teaching. 

When the Special Mission for the 
Protestants was over, we went into a 
theatre, which we had hired for the 
purpose, and held three more meetings 
there. The place could hold twelve 
hundred. It was crowded on the first 
night, and more than crowded on the 
last. Bills had been printed, announc- 
ing "Un Orateur de Paris" (An Orator 
from Paris), but I begged the brethren 
to have this erased, and to put instead: 
"Un Predicateur de I'Evangile" (A 
Preacher of the Gospel). Some said, 
"This won't draw the crowd." But 
they did according to my wish, and the 
result was a theatre full of people 



I EAITLI COVTERTt AT DfUIAA-IAUDJi » 



io8 



MISSIONS 



who knew what they had come for. 
Among my hearers^ I noticed on the 
first night a group of fine young Mos- 
lemSy with spotless turbans and bur- 
nouses, evidently belonging to the Arab 
aristocracy. They seemed to listen most 
intently, but on the following night 
they were not there. I was told, on 
inquiry, that they belonged to the high 
class, were students in the University, 
and had probably received intimation 
that their presence at such meetings 
would bring trouble to them. 

However, the meetings went on with 
much blessing, of which I heard later 
on. The colporters at the doors sold 
hundreds of New Testaments. In all 
my experience as a Gospel preacher, 
in all sorts of places and buildings, I 
never met a people more receptive. I 
still remember a lady, coming to me at 
the close of the last meeting, and say- 
ing, with tears in her eyes, ''Sir, I am 
a Roman Catholic. . . . But God bless 
you for having upheld the name of 
Our Lord as you have done in this city I *' 
I heard afterwards that the lady be- 
longed to a most aristocratic family; she 
would, probably, never have crossed the 
threshold of a Protestant place of worship. 

From Algiers, I went to Oran, Con- 
stantine, Boufarik, Blida, Setif, speak- 
ing both in theatres and churches, with 
great encouragement. But now, let me 
conclude with an after-result of these 
Algiers meetings. The fine young Mos- 
lems who had attended at the theatre on 
the first night had a French friend , a young 
man who was then studying Arabic at the 
same university, with a view of qualifying 
as an officer-interpreter in the French 
army. That young man, a Parisian, 
Catholic-born, but wholly infidel, had 
taken no notice of the posters announcing 
my meetings. His Moslem friends said to 
him, "We were last night at Salle 



Barthe, and heard that French preacher 
from Paris; why don't you go and hear 
him tonight? We are Moslems, and 
cannot go; but you are a Roumi (the 
general name for European), it concerns 
you." The young man was pricked 
in his curiosity; he came the two nights. 
I never saw him then, never heard of 
him until, a few months afterwards, I 
heard that our good Baptist friends at 
Algiers had taken him in hand at the 
close of the Mission in which he had 
been impressed, and that he had been 
baptized on profession of his faith. 

And a few months ago, who did I 
see in my own house in Paris? The 
young lieutenant-interpreter. He had 
written to me, asking me to advise him 
as to his future course. "I am a Chris- 
tian, I want to serve my Lord; I would 
willingly give up my military calling 
and become a missionary among the 
Moslems." On his next furlough, he 
had come to see his Roman Catholic 
mother, and I had the joy of welcoming 
him in my home, with his young sister, 
who now is nearly won, too. God 
knows what his future course will be. 
But when I think of this young officer, 
now back on the Morocco frontier, 
with two or three hundred native soldiers 
under him, praying alone in his tent, 
with his Bible in his hand, and, as he 
told me, "trying to show the natives 
what a true Christian is," I feel amply 
rewarded for that short visit to Algiers, 
and feel a sort of longing to return 
thither again, if the Lord will. 

Our small Baptist community in 
Algiers asks us to send them a preacher, 
not to care for themselves alone, but to 
evangelize that large city, and to 
organize Baptist work in the country 
at large. We could find the man, but 
the Lord has not yet sent us the means 
to support him. 



MISSIONS 



Chapel Car Shop Evangelism 

BY REV. E. R. HERMISTON 

HIIStONARy or CHAPEL CAR EMMANUEL 

IT has been thought for a long time 
that the only place for the chapel 
car was in the small town on the frontier, 
but it has been proved that the car has a 
place in city mission work. Our work 
for three months has been in the rapidly 
growing city of Spokane, and while we 
began our work in the big Hillyard 
Railroad Shops we soon found demands 
for similar work in many of the other 
shops and factories, and in all we 
worked and preached in ten of the big 
mills and shops in this city. Of course, 
naturally we had our best hearing among 
the railroad men, but it was not diffi- 
cult to get a hearing at any of the shops. 
And the very fact that we were in charge 
of the chapel car gave us not only a 
hearing, but admission into any of 
the factories. Wherever it was wise to 
use the car we did so, but in most in- 
stances the crowd was so great that wc 
held the services in the open air. At the 
Hillyard shops when Mrs. Hermiston 



spoke on one occasion the big machine 
shop was tilled, and they say it will hold 
six hundred men. We were treated 
with the greatest courtesy by the men, 
and a great many who were in any way 
led to make any outward manifestation 
of their acceptation of Christ were fol- 
lowed up, and it gave us access into 
their homes. I believe that in the future 
we will make more of our city mission 
work, and see if we cannot plan our 
campaign not only in harmony with our 
own city mission society, but with the 
Y. M. C. A. and other kindred societies, 
so that we may get the very largest re- 
sults. 

Some of the results of this work can 
be told in a few words. It gives our 
local churches a new hold on the labor- 
ing men, as in most instances we held a 
few evening services in the church near 
to the shop meeting. At Hillyard one 
man was led to become a Christian, and 
as he said afterward, was saved from 



MISSIONS 



suicide. He first heard our message in it gives us a chance to locate new mi^ 
the noonday meeting at the shop. Then sion fields. In the heart of the great 



MISSIONS 



growing cities there are almost always 
tidings the car can. be placed on, and 
the work can be organized and started. 
It also gives a new. impetus to our own 
denominational work to be able to bring 
this twentieth-centuiy evangelism to 
their door. At the Union Iron Works 
they wanted services every noon hour, 
and at the Washington mill they had a 
KTvice in the open air once a week in 
amnecdon with the Y, M. C. A. At 
the N. P. R.R. shops we had a service 



twice a week and at Hillyard twice a 
week. One of the most fruitful parts 
of our work here was that it has re- 
vealed the great need and opportunity 
for railroad Y. M. C. A. work. It has 
led to an investigation of the matter, 
and Mr. Hill is willing to give a large 
sum of money to this kind of work at 
Hillyard. No doubt in the near future 
they will have a good building. We 
had our car repaired, and it looks as 
fine as when first sent out for service. 



Advance on the Congo 



THE visit of the Commission of the 
Foreign Mission Society to Africa 
is familiar to all readers of Missions 
through the articles in previous num- 
bers. The Commission has made its 
fonnal report to the Board of Managers, 
and this has been carefully considered. 
The report has been printed and its 
chief features are probably familiar. 
These include the recommendation that 
no new mission be established in the 



Sudan at present, but that the work on 
the Congo be strongly reinforced and 
that an advance movement be under- 
taken. A new and attractive pamphlet 
has just been issued by the Society, 
entitled " The Congo, a Problem in Mis- 
sions," setting forth in popular form the 
situation on the Congo, the chief points 
regarding that field in the report of the 
Commission and the action taken by the 
Board. It can be had for the asking at 



112 



MISSIONS 



the Literature Department of the So- 
ciety. 

''Advance" spells the action taken 
by the Board. It is recognized that the 
mission on the Congo has been too long 
neglected, and that if we are to conserve 
the results of the past twenty-five years 
of effort and take advantage of the 
opportunity that is open to us, special 
attention must be given to the develop- 
ment of the mission. The staff of 
missionaries is too small, the equipment 
is inadequate and schools are too few. 
So far as it goes, our Congo Mission is 
second to none in the whole Congo 
Valley, but it needs strengthening all 
along the line. 

First of all a definite policy has been 
adopted by the Board with reference to 
the present and the future in the Congo 
work. Certain immediate needs have 
been recognized and plans are made for 
expansion along certain well-defined 
lines. Enlargement is proposed in the 
Kwango District, in the Lake Leopold 
II District and in the Lukanie River 
District; also exploration up the Ubangi 
River. The adoption of this policy 
assures a progressive and statesmanlike 
development in the work of our Congo 
Mission and makes it certain that with 
proper support on the part of the home 
churches the mission that has witnessed 
"the Pentecost on the Congo," and in 
which has been invested a treasure of 
lives, will yet rank as one of the greatest 
of the missionary efforts of the American 
Baptists. 

But what of the present ? How shall 
the work be strengthened? For it is 
absolutely imperative that it be strength- 
ened at once. Five new families are 
needed, three for general work and two 
for medical service. One family should 
go to Palabala, the oldest station, vacant 
now through the return of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hall and Mr. Boone. Another 
should go to Tshumbiri, on the upper 
Congo, one hundred and seventy miles 
above Stanley Pool. This is one of the 



great fields of the mission, with practi- 
cally an unoccupied territory for hun- 
dreds of miles to the southeast. The 
third family should be located at Banza 
Manteke, numerically our largest station 
but where the work imperatively needs 
reinforcement and immediate strength- 
ening. A physician and his wife should 
go to Ikoko, farthest up the Congo of 
all our stations, five hundred miles from 
the coast, the center of a great mission 
field, — great in its present develop- 
ment and great in its possibilities. 
Another physician and wife should be 
located at Sona Bata, where a large 
number of orphans have come under 
the care of the mission and both educa- 
tional and evangelistic work are strong. 

It is evident that this large reinforce- 
ment will call for considerably increased 
expenditure. It will cost |io,C'00 for 
the passages, outfits and first year's 
salaries of these five new families. The 
equipment of many of the stations 
should also be greatly improved. Many 
buildings are in desperate need of re- 
pairs, and several new ones should be 
erected without delay, f 15,000 is not 
too much for the improved equipment. 

The question now is, can we secure 
the needed resources? Are there five 
men of full college and professional 
school training, vigorous health and 
earnest consecration who will offer 
themselves for the large opportunities 
of this field ? The heroic forces on the 
Congo cannot be reinforced without an 
increase in the number of candidates. 
"The best men are needed for the most 
destitute fields." This is not a time 
for the sending of second-rate men to 
the Congo. Strong men should offer 
themselves for this important work. 
Who will go ? 

And what of the money needed? 
It is evident that the j(t25,ooo required 
for this advance cannot be taken from 
the appropriations which would other- 
wise be made for other fields, for that 
would be only "robbing Peter to pay 



MISSIONS 



"3 



Paul." The Finance Comminee of 
the Northern Baptist Convention have 
been asked to authorize the Society 
to include provision for this advance in 
the next budget. But the money must 
come from the members of our churches, 
and this means an increase in ofTerings. 
Pastors, churches, laymen, young people. 



Sunday schools, — all must help, if the 
means are to be supplied for this ad- 
vance movement. 

"Shall our work on the Congo be re- 
duced, abandoned, reinforced?" This 
is the question asked in the leaflet "The 
Congo." The response of the members 
of our churches will decide the issue. - 



Uplift in Arkansas 

BY L. C. BARNES, D.D. 



HAT is not what one looks 
for whose principal knowl- 
edge of the State has been 
from newspaper witticisms. 
But entering it from the 
level, treeless plains of the 
West, it is a joy to see this 
heavily wooded country and its noble 
mountains. It has its own superlatives, 
not a few. For example, we pass 
through the forest-embowered hamlet of 
Auzite. It is the chief aluminum point 
of the world. Here two-thirds of the 
ore supply for this metal, which is 
becoming so wonderfully useful and 
ornamental, is mined. Twenty-two 
miles away is Arkansas Baptist College, 
where far more precious mettle is being 
developed. For twenty-three years 
President Joseph A. Booker has been 
at the head of the enterprise, and has 
built it into a great institution, with 
more than four hundred students. No 
one would suspect the years, finding 
him on the edge of the football field, 
eager, alert, assured. It is nearly sunset, 
and his boys, though against a heavier 
team, are ahead eleven to nothing. 
Dr. Booker is justly proud of the fact 
that Dr. Morehouse has told him that 
he is a black Yankee. The following 
paragraphs from his catalogue would he 
counted far from the most important, 
but they set a wholesome pace which 
schools North as well as South might 
do well to follow, even thoi^h afar off: 
"Economy and good laste demand plain 
and simple wearing apparel, and parents 



and sponsor? are earnestly requested to co. 
operate with the faculty in seeing that the 
girls conform to the regulations of the school 
respecting the dress habit. 

" Knowing the evil influences of the over- 
dressed girl in institutions like this, a simple 
uniform has been adopted, to be wom on 
all public occasions, unless otherwise ordered 
by the President. This uniform consists of 
a white waist and a black skirt to be wom 
during the fall and winter season; a white 
shirtwaist suit of linen or cotton goods 
(without trimming) for spring wear. 

" As these dresses are for Sunday wear and 
all public occasions, there will be no need 
for any others, aside from everyday dresses 
which must be of gingham or other simple 
material. Those who bring extravagant 
or unnecessary finery will be forbidden 
to wear it while they are here. Students 
should also be provided with a raincoat, an 
umbrella, rubbers, and at least three suits 
of warm underwear." 

Why would not the race problem be 
solved, if enough black people could be 
trained under the following principles f 
Note the first clause, completely cutting 
out the race equality question: 

*' In this country the negro is a society unto 
himself, and for the sake of self-respect and 
self-preservation it is indispensable that the 
race should have every phase of education 
promotive of efficiency and of good. Hence 
the diiTerent courses of instraction adopted 
and operated are aimed to make successful 
home builders, captains of industry, leaders 
in business, masters of farms, preachers of the 
gospel, teachers of proper social doctrine." 

In view of such principles the initials of 
the school are widely significant: A. B. C. 



"4 



MISSIONS 



Devotional 



31 l^rapet for tl^e l^ortti 

jC\ GODf our Father^ remember not our 
Xf past shortcomings f our lack of service^ 
our indifference to the spread of Thy kingdom 
and to the needs of those who sit in darkness 
and the shadow of death. Forgive us, we 
beseech Thee, and receive our supplications 
fur all estates of men in Thy church that 
e%>fry member of the same, in his vocation and 
ministry, may truly serve Thee, Endue with 
Thine especial grace Thy church throughout 
the Ivor la, that true holiness and earnest %eal 
fur Thy glory may everywhere abound. 
Send forth more laborers into Thy harvest, 
men full of faith and poiver and of the Holy 
(ihott. Enrich with Thy Spirit all who 
luhor for Thee in distant lands or in the fields 
at home, and grant that the word spoken by 
them may never be spoken in vain. Set up 
Thyself, God, above the heavens, and Thy 
glffty above all the earth. Give Thy Son the 
heathen for His inheritance, and the utter^ 
mo ft parts oj the earth for His possession. 
Stir up Thy strength, O Lord, and come and 
help us, that Thy way may be known upon 
earth. Thy saving health among all nations, 
Amen, 

PRAY — 

For the missionaries engaged in work 
among the Indians of our own land, that 
grace may be given to endure the conditions 
that try the body and spirit alike, and that 
they may see of the fruits of their self-sacri- 
ficing labors. 

For the churches of the homeland that are 
making special effort to raise the Budget, 
especially those churches that sustain their 
own work only by heroic giving. 

For the non-contributing churches, that 
a vision may come to them of the wider 
Kingdom and its claims, and they be moved 
thereby to make an offering unto the Lord 
for missions at home and abroad. 

A Personal Petition 

Eternal God, I would that I might begin 
CO reflect the likenetf of my Master in word. 



deed and character. May His love make 
me a lover of my fellow men, and His sacrifice 
make me willing to expend myself for others. 

Going About ''Doing Good" 

In many v^ays this has been one of the best 
three months we have spent on the field. 
By means of the motor boat given us by 
friends here and in America, we have traveled 
more than in any other quarter, have dis- 
tributed more tracts and Gospel portions, 
and have had an increased number of 
preaching services and baptisms. While 
the rowdy element persecute and make fun 
of the new converts, the better class, even 
those who are Buddhists, have respect 
for them. We have traveled over five hun- 
dred miles, and thou^ seldom preaching 
in Christian homes, have not been refused 
this privilege in any house to which we have 
gone. Often we have been invited from 
day to day to near-by villages where we had 
no Christians. All over the field there are 
earnest inquirers. — J. T. Latta, Thonze, 
Burma. 

Thoughts to Grow Upon 

I am lonely and sick and out of heart. 
Well, I still hope; I still believe; I still see 
the good in the inch, and cling to it. It is 
not much, perhaps, but it is always some- 
thing. 'Tis a strange world indeed, but 
there is a manifest God for those who care 
to look for Him. — Robert Louis Stevenson, 

It is not so much great talents that 
God blesses as great likeness to Christ. 

No man in the world today has such power 
as he who can make his fellow men feel that 
Christ is a reality. — Fan Dyke. 

What are churches for but to make mis- 
sionaries ? What is education for but to 
train them ? What is commerce for but 
to carry them ? What is money for but to 
send them ? What is life itself for but to 
fulfill the purpose of foreign missions, the 
enthroning of Jesus Christ in the hearts of 
men ? — Dr, A, H, Strong, 



MISSIONS 



An Event in Iloilo, P. I. 

BY RAPHAEL C. THOMAS, MEDICAL MISSIONARY 

ILOILO has been agog with enthusiasm 
and gaudy with bunting. The Secre- 
taiy of War and the Governor General of 
rhe islands have been paying the city a 

Among other more important attractions, 
they found time to Step in to see our little 
hospital. The cosmopolitan character of 
the patients was emphasized by a unique 
coincidence. As we passed one of the 
private rooms the Governor recalled that 
it was here that Benito Lopez, former 
governor of Iloilo Province, had died a 
number of months ago. By a strange 
chance the same room was occupied this 
time by the wife of his brother. As we 
passed from the private rooms to the free 
wards, where we have a peculiarly pathetic 
group of helpless poor, the contrast must have 
been striking. Rich and poor, obscure and 
influential — all ate welcome. 

One of the events of the Secretary's visit 
was the opening of the railroad between 
Iloilo and Capiz. This will be a great con- 
venience for our two mission stations, for 
now we shall be within a few hours' journey 
of one another by rail, instead of dependent 
upon a steamer running irregularly. The 
railroad will also mean much to our hospital. 



for it will make easy c 
those in distant barrios. At present our 
beds are pretty well filled, in spite of the 
fact that these far-away sick folk have to 
journey long distances in hammocks or 
carabo carts. What shall we do to accom- 
modate this horde when a few cents will 
bring them to our doors i We ought to 

The event of most importance in our hos- 
pital year was the second annual graduating 
exercises of our Nurses' Training School. 
This class is the third class of graduate 
nurses in the islands, the second being one 
that recently came from a Manila hospital. 
Our second class numbers three, as before, 
and they are very creditable representatives 
of their profession. Their diploma repre- 
sents a three years' course of practical 
nursing pursued under the supervision of 
regularly trained American nurses. We are 
hoping they will appreciate this distinction 
of being members of the third graduating 
class of nurses in the islands, for it is a real 
one. The other day one of them was sent 

and the note sent to us on her return to 
the hospital was worded as follows: "The 
services of the nurse were very satisfactoiy. 



ii6 



MISSIONS 



and Mrs. S says (hat (he only difference 

between this nurse and (he ones we had 
before was in color." For this discrepancy 
Durnursewasnot strictly to blame, and conse- 
quently we rejoice with her in this well-earned 
commendation. 

The most interesting cases among our 
hospital admissions recently have been 
fractures. Surgery is marked by (his pe- 
culiarity, that similar cases occur in groups. 
One of these cases is a young man who was 
formerly one of our house servants. He 
distinguished himself by a number of mis- 
takes, one of which, as I recall, was appro- 
priating one of our best towels as a stove 
cloth, l^ter he left us and a short time 



ago he appeared in the hospital on a ttretcher, 
with a broken arm and thigh. He had fallen 
out of a window. It was repotted to us 
that the hrst aid to the injured in his case 
by willing and sympathetic bystanders at 
the time of the accident was to make him 
stand erect on his broken leg, while they 
poured a pailful of water over him. Today, 
as we passed him in the ward, he was reading 
his Bible earnestly. The poor fellow has 
suifered much, but if this accident should 
prove to be a means of teaching him to love 
his Bible, it may become in his case, as in 
the case of others, a blessing instead of a 
misfortune. 
Iloili, P.I. 



A Fine Example of Missionary Unity 

BY REV. J, E. NORCROSS 



CHRISTMAS morning in the year just 
closed found a group of Christian 
workers en route for Vermont. Lew Wallace 
portrays the desert, mysterious and silent, as 
the meeting place of the ancient wise men 
who followed the star. The focal point of 
their modem successors, who came from a 
territory that stretched ftom Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, to Parkersburg, West Virginia, was 



the gloomy passenger station at the east por- 
tal of the Hoosac Tunnel. Here a narrow- 
gauge train supplanted the camels of the 
opening chapter of "Ben Hur," and rattled, 
swayed and creaked with its burden along 
the winding road to Wilmington, Vetmont. 
At this point began a series of Educational 
and Inspirational Institutes, which were de- 
signed to reach, help and stimulate cveiy 



MISSIONS 



"7 



Bapdtc churdi in the Green Mountain 
State. Centers were created at Wilmington, 
BrattleborOy Chester, Bennington, Poultney, 
Rutland, Vergennes, Montpelier, St. Johns- 
bury, Newport, Hardwick, St. Albans and 
Burlington, while additional meetings were 
held at Bellows Falls, North Bennington, 
East Poultney, Brandon, Essex Junction 
and Colchester. 

All of the cooperating societies of the 
Northern Baptist Convention sent repre- 
sentatives to help Superintendent of Missions 
Davison in the campaign in Vermont, and 
no stone was left unturned to start a united 
movement that would issue in the realization 
of the dual motto printed on eveiy program: 
*' Baptisms in every church this year; the 
whole Budget in eveiy church this year." 

Mrs. G. W. Peckham, Mrs. Carrie Robin- 
Dr. C. H. Spalding, Dr. W. A. Davison, 



Rer. h S. Stump, Rev. J. E. Norcross and 
RcT. W. H. S. Hascall formed the group of 
repntcntachrcf whose messages produced a 
p rof o un d impression on hundreds of hearts. 

The church at Readsboro sent a laige 
d d ^g tt i o n to Wilmington on a special train, 
mmj dtoft miles with the temperature be- 
low leio to leach other centers, and in every 
imtaiioe die departing workers were given a 
hcmity godspeed. 

At At morning sessions the entire time 
was devoted to the vital subject of " Personal 
Woffc in Soul Saving." Every afternoon 
mJssionaiy needs were strongly emphasized, 
and wijfs and means of raising the whole 
Bodg^ thoroughly discussed. In the even- 
ing services the gospel stoiy was forcefully 
told and many were led to accept Christ as 
their Saviour. 

In every center these three links were 
welded wtdi telling blows, and new visions of 
the unity of our work as Northern Baptists 
were given to scores of Vermont Chrisrians, 
who at the genesis of the campaign saw need 
and victory but dimly. 

Too much praise cannot be given to Super- 
intendent Davison for his uniform tact and 
unflagging zeal, and for his fine conception 
of what was needed by the churches under his 
care; while the hospiulity of the churches 
visited was a signal revelation of what the 
grace of God can do in giving expression to 
the common courtesies of life. Such cam- 
pangns in every State would be productive of 
hwong benefit. 



There is a tremendous moral influence in 
the united efforts of God's people, and this 
is manifestly true of Bapdst leadership. 
That young men and women in Vermont 
will invest their lives where they will count 
more for the Kingdom may confidently be 
expected as the fruitage of this campaign. 
Definite pledges of life have already been 
made. Drooping spirits have been revived 
in more than one church. Chrisdanity has 
been made attracdve with pure gold and not 
with tinsel. The entire cause in the State 
has been given a new impulse and the home- 
land and the lands which sit in darkness 
cannot fail to feel the life and light which 
these Missionary Institutes have generated. 

From Our Note Book 

** Porto Rico now has 2,040 schools, 87,236 
scholars, 1,736 teachers, and a rural school- 
house in every village. When the United 
States took possession there was only one 
real schoolhouse on the island, and no public 
school system worthy the name. 

** I sat one night recently by the side of 
Baron Kikuchi, the head of the Educational 
Department of Japan, and he told me that 
in that country ninety-eight per cent of the 
children were in the public school. I said 
to him, "You are in advance of America." 
I wonder how long it will be before we catch 
up. — Lyman Abbott, 

** In view of the present temperance cam- 
paigns, it is interesring to recall the fact that 
when Washington was President he had to 
put down an insurrecdon in Pennsylvania. 
The cause was the excise law by which the 
United States Government had taxed their 
whiskey, and the people rose in arms to 
resist the government and keep whiskey 
free. Washington was not afraid of the 
liquor party, not being solicitous for votes, 
and so promptly did he send troops into the 
section that the rebels surrendered without 
a blow. 

** Two bootblacks came into the limelight 
last week, one a Greek and the other an 
Italian. The former was appointed Greek 
vice-consul at Aberdeen, South Dakota, and 
the other returned to Italy with |io,ooo in 
American gold which he had saved the past 
thirteen years in a shoe-shine parior at 
Paterson, N.J. That is what opportunity 
spells for the immigrant. 



MISSIONS 



The Baptist Laymen's Meeting in Buffalo 



THESE are days of great achievements. 
And the great achievements of these 
days are hut the stepping-ttones to the 
greater things that shall follow. Great things 
are transpiring at our Laymen's meetings; 
but these meetings are only the windows 
through which we look upon the mighty 
victories that extend far beyond these 
gatherings of men. Who can predict what 
will happen in Kingdom extension when all 
the men of the churches raise God's business 
to at least the same plane of importance as 
that characterizing the secular things that 
compel their attention ? That this is being 
done by hundreds of men as never before 
is a faa beyond question. Praise Godt 

Our Laymen's Meeting in BufFalo on 
Dec. 15 was a splendid success. Over eight 
hundred men had accepted the invitation to 
the banquet! hut the night proved so un- 
favorable, owing to the all-day storm, that 
many were unable to come. However, 
when six hundred and ten men, representing 
about every Baptist church in Buffalo, took 
their places at the Mission a ly Banquet, a 
feeling of great gratification came into the 
hearts of all those concerned with the pre- 
liminary steps leading up to this great 
gathering. 

How ^as this meeting brought about ? 
The suggestion was made by the writer at 
the Baptist Rally during the Interdenomi- 
national Conference, that the Buffalo Baptist 
men should take the lead in a definite com- 
prehensive campaign for intensive missionary 
work among our people. Only a limited 
number of our men had come into touch 
with any of the Laymen's meetings yet held. 
It therefore seemed wise that plans should 
be made for a meeting of the largest possible 
number of our Baptist men, when the claims 
of this great Movement might be brought 
to their attention, and their sympathies for 



missions be enlarged diereby. Thit sug- 
gestion was heartily endorsed by all present, 
and ratified at a subsequent meeting of the 
pastors and one or two laymen from eadi 
church, and a committee was appointed to 
make full arnuigements. The comminee 
at once opened an office and secured the 
efficient services of Rev. L. B. Jackman, one 
of our missionaries from Assam, fortheeiiecu- 
tive work. A full lirt of the names of the 
men of each congregation was obtained, in- 
vitations and acceptance cards were pre- 
pared and sent to every man, with a letter 
explaining the nature and purpose of the 
meeting. Announcements were made by 
the pastors, and much personal work was 
done by the committee and others to make 
the meeting a success. Arrangements were 
made forthe banquet at Hengerer's Caiie, and 
the cost of the dinner was met by a freewill 
offering at the tables, and by the generosity 
of a number of men who were espedally in- 
terested in the project. 

The photograph of the meeting will give 
some idea of the inspiring assembly 3iat 
greeted the speakers that night. When 
they looked into the faces of over six hun- 
dred earnest men who had come togcdier 
to consider the work of the Kingdom, they 
felt that unspoken messages were idKady 
being impressed upon the hearts of wl 
present. 

The chairman of the evening, Mr. Volney 
P. Kinne, presented Dr. W. G. Gregory as 
toastmaster. Both these laymen acquitted 
themselves with great credit to the cause 
they love. The first speaker was Mr. 
Momay Williams of New York, who in a 
tender, forceful address dwelt on the 
"Challenge of Christ to the Men ofToday." 
He was followed by Rev. C. L. Rhoades, 
our late Foreign Mission District Secretaiy, 
who in masterful way emphasized "The 



MISSIONS 



119 



Challenge of the Men of the Church to 
God." 

The third address was delivered by the 
writer, who ipoke on "The Challenge of 
the I^ytnen'i Movement to the Christian 
Men of our Countiy." 

These addresses brought us to the real 
heait of the meeting; when in rapid suc- 
cession a number of the Buffalo men made 
short addresses bristling with point and 
power on themes that they had chosen for 
discussion. Tlie crowning feature was the 
heaity reception given the resolutions pre- 
sented by Principal Fosdick, which were 
unanimously adopted. The resolutions 
speak for themselves and are as follows: 

Wt, (Ik Baptix men of BuBilo, declare it  our 
coanctun that wc, » indiiiduili, md the churcbca 
we reprcimt, irt under obligitidnt to do out but to 
ezteiid the Idn^om ot J»ui Chriit in the world. 

We beliere that more cSecIin ind thorough lervice 
•hould be ginn for the itrengthening ind unificitioa 
of our Buflklo Bnptul fonxi, and in reaching ihe in- 
diSennl and unaaTed ri out dlj with the goipcl. We 
alio belicn thai ihe time it ripe for an enlirgtmenl 
of the (Tmpatluei aod nipport of our people for all our 
Home HiiaioD interettt in AmcHca. And ve (uitbcT 
belieTC chat thoc ii an imperatiie demand ior grealei 
dnotioa (o (he lupteme ttA of giTiog the goipel lo 
(he UDrrangelaed cf the mn-Chiinian world. Linljr, 
in the light of the action alttadf taken, and now being 
taken bj (he Chriitiaa men all oTer (hi) continen(, and 



in the light et (he influence we maj emt bj out action 

tonight, we believe that the tinac hai come (or the 
BaptiN people of Buffalo to undertake an immediate 
and poiitiTe advance along all miitionarr liaci. 

To Kcure tbii end we, the Baptiil men of thia atj, 
would recommend to the churchea here repreaented 
(he following policy: 

I. The iniuguration d[ t vigoioui educattonil cam- 
paign touching all branchei of our miaiiouarj work at 



n. The adoptio 



ir cbutchet of tucb methodi 



onarj u 



id the 



■ecuring oi larger miuiooary offeringi, ai hare prom 
moat adrantageaua in other cburchei. 

in. The appointment of a nrong miuionaij com- 
mittee in each church. 

IV. The imaiediate inauguration of an Enrj- 
Member canTau for Miuiona. 

V. The reaching of luch a Gnandll ohjectiTe at it 
conunenturate with the ability of our people. We 
thould aim at not let) (ban ten cent! (loc.) a week per 
□lember for miiiionary purpoiea- 

VI. That a BuSalo Baptiit Laymen'i ComiDiltee be 
immtdiattlj appointed, compoied of a repretentaiive 
from each church. 



This was indeed a significant meeting of 
men. It was significant, first, because it 
gave the Baptist men of Buffalo a new 
realization of their number and strength. 
Second, it set a reasonable pace for the 



MISSIONS 



ts of other cities in the United States. 
BufFalo has done other cities can do 
laps outdo. Third, it brought to the 
t men in BufFalo an objective in 
lary effort worthy of their ability. 
, it will give courage and inspiration 
men of other great centers, and in 
our Baptist men everywhere, to under- 
ighty things for the Kingdom, 
committees are now at work with a 
> crystallize the sentiment and resolu- 
*this magnificent service into very defi- 
ion and results. In closing may I add 
lave just come from the Interdenomi- 
il Laymen's Convention held at 
stown, Ohio. Here again we had a 
-ful convention. The atmosphere was 



surcharged with spiritual power, due in a 
great measure to the work that was done dur- 
ing and since the Sunday evangelistic meet- 
ings. Space forbids a description of the 
convention, other than to say that the 
Baptist forces are lining up splendidly. 
They have set their financial objective at ten 
cents per member per week for our missionary 
objects, and are now undertaking an every- 
member canvass with this in view. We are 
greatly cheered by what we see of interest 
and of action in connection with this great 
Movement. And with our unified mis- 
sionary appeal and united missionary forces 
at work we are confident of victory. Let 
our churches pray for the continued power 
and presence of Christ in this Movement. 




Where Strong Men are Needed 



£ Foreign Mission Society furnishes 
I most attractive list of opportunities 
1 who are prepared to fill the positions, 
pportunities are, of course, not for 
making, but for investment of life 
view to the widest possible influence 
e most far-reaching service, 
ral teachers are needed. There is a 
y in the principalship of one of the 
high schools in Burma. There are 
her similar positions in South India 
will probably be filled, one at Nellore 
e other at Kumool. At Huchow and 
a in East China there is opportunity 
tally large service in the care of boys' 
ng schools. One cannot conceive of 
:r opportunity than will be given to 
ing men who are fortunate enough to 
>ointed to these places of influence. 
;pid development of interest in educa- 
the East makes this a time of strategic 
ance for the educational missionary, 
loubtful whether teachers have ever 
ifFered so important an opportunity 
luencing the lives of those who are 
he leaders of their nation than is now 
ted in the Orient. For all of these 
ns men of college training are re- 



quired, with some experience in teaching, 
and some post-graduate study if possible. 

Physicians also are called for, seven in 
all. OneoftheseistobesenttoNamkham, 
among the Shans of Northern Burma, where 
the demand for medical service is so great 
that after the last doctor returned home, 
nearly three years ago, the missionary who 
was left — himself not a physician — Yns 
compelled to treat over 6,000 patients during 
the year. Now he also has returned, and 
the station is without any medical aid. 
What doctor could ask for a larger oppor- 
tunity than that ? Moulmein is also asking 
for a medical missionary to act as superin- 
tendent of the leper asylum, and to care for 
the medical needs of the pupils in the schools. 
This is an opportunity of a special kind 
which ought to find many applicants. In 
China three physicians are needed, two 
for South China and one for Hanyang, 
Central China. Three places in South China 
need physicians, Swatow, Kityang and Hopo, 
and to two of these doctors ought to go next 
fall. At Swatow and Kityang there are fine 
hospitals, while at Hopo, a center of wide 
influence, with not a physician within a 
day's journey, the people have voluntarily 



MISSIONS 



121 



offered latge financial aid in the establish- 
ment of a hospitaL At Hanyang Dr. Hunt- 
1^ needs an associate; this position offers 
unique opportunities for the medical training 
of Oiinese assistants. In Africa two doctors 
are needed, in stations where there has until 
now been no physician. One of these is 
Ikokoy five hundred miles up the Congo; the 
other is Sona Bata. Much efiicient medical 
aid has been rendered by the missionaries 
at both these stations, but trained physicians 
are needed. The need and opportunities 
for Christian medical senrice are absolutely 
unlimited. All these physicians should be 
college graduates if possible, and should be 
thoroughly trained in the medical profession. 
They will not have to wait for patients, for 
throngs of needy and suffering people are 
already waiting for them. 

A special position which is just now vacant 
is that of assistant at the Mission Press at 
Rangoon, Burma. Mr. Snyder, one of the 
two assistant superintendents, has been 
transferred to Iloilo, P.I., to take charge of 
the Philippine Mission Press, and his place 
at Rangoon must be filled. Few people have 
any concepdon of the size or importance of 
the Rangoon Baptist Mission Press. It 
occupies a fine building on the main street, 
employs over two hundred and prints in 
many different languages and dialects. 
It is up to date in every parricular and is 
one of the strongest and best printing and 
publishing houses in the East. The superin- 
tendent is treasurer and business agent of 
the mission, and the posiuon of assistant 
superintendent is therefore a most important 
one. A man who is merely a printer will 
not do. He should have a good general 
knowledge of the whole printing business, 
should understand bookkeeping, and should 
have a good general education, being if 
possible a college graduate; for those in 
charge of the press are members of the mis- 
sion body, and oug^t to be equally well 
equipped with the other workers in the mis- 



sion. This is an opportunity to be grasped 
by the right man. 

Twenty-six men are needed this year by 
the Foreign Mission Society for general 
stadon work. Four men are asked for 
Burma, five to reinforce the important work 
in Assam, four for South India, one for 
South China, one or two for East China, 
three for West China, one for Central China, 
three for Japan and three for Africa. These 
are not pastorates of churches, for every 
missionary has the care of many churches 
and directs many evangelists, not to speak 
of the schools under his charge. The work 
of the evangelistic missionary, indeed, is 
primarily the training and direction of nadve 
leaders, a work calling for statesmanlike 
qualides, for it means the building up of a 
whole Christian community, with all that 
that involves. Men undertaking general 
evangelistic work should be college and 
theological seminary graduates. 

Needless to say, those appointed to all of 
the above positions, whether educational, 
medical, publishing or evangelistic, should 
be primarily missionaries and should have 
proved by successful Christian service in 
this country that they are fitted for similar 
work abroad. No man who has had the 
full educational and other training and who 
is in good health need ask the question, 
"Am I needed in a foreign mission field?" 
He takes upon himself an unnecessary re- 
sponsibility and risk when he decides that 
he is not, unless he confers with the Secre- 
tary of the Foreign Mission Society. The 
Home Secretary of the Society, Rev. Fred P. 
Haggard, Box 41, Boston, vKll be glad to 
correspond with men regarding any of the 
above posidons. 

In the home fields, also, there is special 
need just now of at least two men for Porto 
Rico, where the force has been greatly 
depleted by illness. Men of excepdonal 
ability are wanted for responsible places. 
Knowledge of Spanish is very desirable. 



MISSIONS 



Echoes from the Oriental Press 



O^, 



A Business Man on Missions 

,NE hears &o much in 
these days of the super- 
ficial criticisms of the trav> 
eler from the Orient that 
it is interesting to get such 
a testimony as comes unso* 
hcited from such a man as 
Captain Dollar. It is of 
especial value also as being given, not in a 
church at home, but on shipboard on his way 
to America, where if anywhere he would 
have as companions those who would not 
agree with his views. 

Writing of a series of meetings on board 
the P.M.S. Mongolia en route to America 
a correspondent of the Bi-Monihly BuUrtin 
says: "One of the most striking addresses 
was made by Capt. Robert Dollar, a promi- 
nent business man of San Francisco, a large 
shipowner and a man widely known and 
respected in business circles. He gave a 
clear-cut testimony to the value of foreign 
missions, based on his own experience and 
observation. The address was the sensation 
of the ship for a whole day. Before such an 
audience as he had it was unparalleled in 
my experience at least. There was much 
talk of missions in private as well as in pub- 
lic. One gentleman from Portland told me 
that his ideas of foreign mission work had 
been revolutionized during these meetings, 
and he was one of quite a number. There 
was some bitter talk in private on the part of 
a few who do not want to give up the old idea 
that missionaries are a bad lot and their 
work a farce. But it may be safely said that 
a majority of those on the ship have seen 
mission work in a new light. Captain Dollar, 
alluded to above, is returning from Shanghai, 
^ere he was the representative of the Cham- 



bers of Commerce of the Pacific Coast to 
arrange for the visit of the large party of 
American business men who recently visited 
China." 

« 
InventiTt ChineBe Christians 
We submit the following clipping, not be- 
cause it is an argument for foreign missions, 
but because one often hears that the Chtic- 
rians are all "rice Christians," and it is good 
to have proof that Christianity is adding to 
the material prosperity of the East ai wdl 
as to the moral uplift. The by-products of 
missionary work would be an interesting 

" A long article of real commercial value 
appeared last week in The Chinete Chrii- 
tian InttUigtneer on the culture of American 
cotton in China. It is written by Mr, Wang 
Ling-yung, who for several years haa been 
the chief promoter of a Chinese Agricultural 
Association in the Fuhkien province. Suc- 
cessful experiments in growing American 
cotton have been made in that province, and 
samples of the products have been sent to 
the editor. These demonstrate effecdvely 
that there is a splendid outlook for the growth 
of this staple in that part of China. Under 
twelve captions Mr. Wang discusses the soil 
condirions and seed requirements and gives 
concise directions as to the peculiar culture 
from sowing to picking. This, being a purely 
Chinese discovery and experiment, has at- 
tracted considerable notice, and it is hoped 
will prove to be of permanent value. As 
the foreign apples and pears which come 
down periodically from Chefoo are the by-  
product of missionary thought and labor, 
so this successful experiment in cotton was 
originated among Chinese Chrisrians, and 
should be proof posirive of the solid value of 



MISSIONS 



123 



forngn missions, even to pachyderms whose 
callous opinions can only be influenced by 
gastxonomic evidence, or by satisfactoiy 
prices and pecuniary profits in Chinese cot- 



tons. 



^ 



How the Queue Will Go 

Great changes are in progress in China 
and are often brought about in singular ways. 
Recently the first all-China athletic meet 
was held in Nanking. Student athletes to 
the number of one hundred and forty, from 
all parts of the country, came together and 
some very credible records were made. 
Perhaps one of the most interesting r^ults 
to the outside world may be seen in the fol- 
lowing extract from the North China Daily 
News: 

"The Chinese national athletic meeting 
at Nanking was not allowed to pass without 
exercising some influence on the vexed 
question of the queue. On the voyage 
down from the North the subject came up 
for discussion among the traveling athletes. 
The general consensus of opinion was that 
the queue was a grave handicap, and as a 
result a number of the competitors cut off 
their queues before they landed. During 
the contest the majority of the students 
tucked their queues into their belts or the 
tops of their 'shorts,' but often the queue 
would slip out and trail behind them in the 
air. One competitor had the misfortune 
after clearing the bar in the high jump to 
dislodge it with his queue. He failed to 
jump the same height at subsequent attempts 
and appeared the next day minus the queue." 

A Pessimistic View 

The Japanese are usually optimistic and 
are somedmes misjudged as being without 
recognition of the dangers before them as a 
narion. The following opinion from a 
Japanese paper shows the views of one who 
as yet sees no hope from Christianity, and 
expresses a despair of his country, morally, 
which may come as a surprise to many: 

"A writer in the Eibun Tsushin takes no 
vciy hopeful view of the condition of the 
people today, in whose spiritual life he sees 
the same confusion of ideas as is to be wit- 
nessed in the material life of the Japanese. 
He says: 'If an army has no leader, it will 
collapse and be defeated. The same is 



true in other instances. Briefly speaking, 
Japan is on the eve of moral shipwreck. 
There is no moral magnate leading them to 
the path of truth and enlightenment. All of 
the Japanese are guided by what may be 
termed the " Donguri-no-Sei-kurabe." In 
other words, those who claim to be moral 
guides of the people all stand on an equal 
level, while each and all claim the fact that 
they are excellent, but none seems to be dis- 
tinguished from the other. Shintoism, Bu- 
shido. Naturalism, Confucianism and Mili- 
tarism all meet together without being able 
to point out the way and lead the people to 
the path of edification. Such being the case, 
the entire country is left in the condidon 
of perfect darkness. A political cartoon 
depicts all these moralists appearing on the 
same stage, but owing to the lack of a proper 
guide they are left in a state of utter confu« 
sion, there being no guide or director. Such 
theoretical performance will end in a com- 
plete failure simply because there is no moral 
guide, which appears to be particularly the 
case with present Japan. There is no moral 
center. Religion is regarded merely as fit 
for mockery. Among the rising generation 
there prevails a worse state than this. 
Young men are sadly deficient in anything 
pertaining to education, so that it is almost 
literally true that Japan is completely ship- 
wrecked. It is our sincere hope that some- 
thing will be done to improve the moral 
condition of the people.' " 

Opening of Serampore College 

On Oct. 27 a Higher Theological Depart- 
ment will be opened in connection with 
Serampore College. This department is 
intended for the theological training of 
Indian Christians on University lines. The 
staff will consist of five European and two 
Indian Christian Professors. Among these 
are Dr. Howells, Revs. W. Sutton Page, 
F. Robinson, S. C. Mukerji. Special at- 
tention is to be given to Indian philosophy 
and religion. The college will award a 
degree of B.D. to students who complete a 
specified course and pass the necessary ex- 
aminations. The opening of this college, 
coming as it does in conjunction with the 
opening of the United Theological College 
in Bangalore, marks a red-letter day in the 
onward march of Christianity in India. — 
From The Mission Field, 



MISSIONS 



JOHN R. MOTT, LL.D. HOWARD B. GROSE, D.D, 



The "Triplex" Plan and the Budget 

TWO months remain for the raising of this year's Budget. More and more we are 
coming to appreciate the importance of relating educational methods to money raising, 
and the "triplex" plan provides a method by which an enducational campaign can be 
carried on in the churches during these two months which will be both intensive In the 
training of missionary leadership, and extensive in its influence upon the whole church. 

All that is required is a little group of people who will seriously study one or the other 
of these two strong text-books, and present in meetings of the church the programs that 
have been prepared by the Forward Movement. 

Send for these programs to Secretary John M. Moore, Forward Movement, Ford 
Building, Boston, Mass. 



MISSIONS 



125 



llli^DectaiYe Hour** Programs 

M^-lMloductoiy program in the series 
Ifc'tugdy of a guessing contest. A 
Iffytabhen is placed upon the black- 
^ll^ advance. The purpose of this 
il to awaken interest in the whole 

^aecond program the congregation 

imagine itself for one hour the 

IGssion Board. The chairman 

;tiie Board has been called together 

an offer that has been made by 

conttttuent to give a half million 

that pait of the non-Christian 

Just now there is the largest 

ror advance, in view of the 

ion of the people, the critical 

and the rising spiritual tide in 

diurches. He states that in 

in securing a wise decision, 

at home on furioug^ have been 

present, and present the claims 

fields. These missonaries, 

are die members of the study 

have studied together the first 

of die text-book, and in four- 

diese in turn present the 

China, Japan, Korea, India, 

the Moslem World, after which 

votes where the money shall 

in the li^t of these aigu- 

two programs are equally 
and informing. 



The ^'Antilles" Programs 

The opening program on "Advance in the 
Antilles'' is entitled, "The Dawn of a To- 
morrow in Cuba." The members of the 
class constitute the Cuban Constitutional 
Convention, the members of the congrega- 
tion being present simply as spectators. The 
chairman of the Convention briefly reviews 
the war with the United States and the result- 
ant treaty, and suggests that the discussion 
before the house is on the adopdon of a 
consritution of the Cuban Republic. Dra- 
matic episodes described in the text-book, 
are reproduced, and in the speeches that 
follow in the discussion of the republican 
form of government, the interesting facts 
concerning the Spanish rigime, Cuba's many 
revolts, the intervention of the United States, 
and the success of the cause of freedom are 
fully brought out. 

Another program on Cuba discusses the 
needs of the people, the inadequacy of 
Romanism, and the proven sufficiency of 
Protestantism. This program is carried 
through endrely by impersonadoniB, members 
of the class representing respecdvely a 
Spaniard, a mixed Negro, a pure Negro, a 
Cuban man, a Cuban woman, a Cuban 
priest, a Cuban missionary, and an American 
missionary. 

The other two programs are on Porto 
Rico, and by other methods equally attract- 
ive bring out the condidons and the successes 
that have been wrought. 



A Lift on the Home Mission Budget 



Home Mission Sunday school con- 
'The Waiting Isles," will be used by 
ida of schoob in helping round up 
Mne Mission Budget. To begin with 
very attracdve program. The music 
1 and the literary supplement is in- 
g. The concluding tableau is most 
re. In most cases this concert will 
en by the Sunday school at the hour 
regular morning or evening preaching 
. It will afford an opportunity for 
; a distinctly strong missionary im- 
n. The offering taken in connection 
(as is the case with all Sunday-school 
laiy offerings) will apply on the 

Budget, either for the American 



Baptist Home Mission Society or the 
Woman's American Baptist Home Mission 
Society. A little effort, with the use of the 
weekly envelopes or mite-boxes, which are 
provided in connection with the program, 
will simply mean in many churches the 
difference between success and failure in 
raising the Home Mission Budget. Two 
years ago the Lincoln Day program helped 
many a church to reach its goal. The date 
suggested for "The Waidng Isles" is 
March 19, which will allow dme (if the 
treasurer is prompt) to get the offering in 
on this year's Budget. An earlier date may 
be selected if desired. Do not fail to use 
this exercise. 



ia6 MISSIONS 



Missionary Program Topics for 1911* 

January. Our Work among Foreign Populations. 

February. Our Work for Mexicans and Indians. 

March. The Western States: Status and Outlook. 

AfriL The World's King and How He Conquers. 

May. Colporter Work. 

June. Our Denominational Power and Obugations. 

(Meetings in Philadelphia.) 

July. Our Obligations to Porto Rico and Philippines. 

August. State Convention Work. 

Sefiember. Reports from China. 

October. Reports from Indu. 

November. Trials and Triumphs in Europe. 

December. African Missions. 

* Thete topfei are nmfonn with tlM>ae Klecfied for the Noithern Baptbt Confcntioii hj Dr. S. Hol»ait» 
ippointed to nuke a progrua leriefl for tlie churdbet. 



B 



The Western States 

program for the march meeting 

Hymn. 

Prayer. 

Hymn. 

Scripture Reading. 

Frontier Missions of the Past (five-minute sketch based on first two 

chapters of '* Baptist Missions on the Frontier"). 
Hymn. 

Present Status (extracts from "What Some Laymen Saw"). 
Hymn. 

Reading, "Sammy Kidd's Missionary Box." 
Hymn. 
The Outlook (summary of "Creative Week in the West"). 

Note. Literature suggested for ibove program may be secured by sending 15 cents in postige stamps to 
Literature Department, American Baptist Home Mission Society, 23 £. 26th Street, New York, N.Y. Otber 
material for a program may be found in this number of Missions. If a file of the magaiine is accessible 
abundance of fresh items and sketches will be found. 



MISSIONS 



A Missionary Itinerary in North Dakota 

BYD. D. PROPER, D.D. 

GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT OF MISSIONS FOR THE CENTRAL WEST 



. C. E. HEMANS of Terre 
lute, Ind., began his work 
General Miss ion a ly for 
}rth Dakota, November i, 
10. During the first week 
removed to Grand Forks, 
lere we have a flourishing 
oaptist chufch, efficiently 
cared for by Pastor Pugh. Inasmuch as 
Mr. Hemans was new to the State and to 
this kind of work, with his approval I 
arranged a ten days' trip with him. In this 
1 had a double object in view, that of intro- 
ducing him to pastors and churches, and of 
getting better acquainted myself with the 
State and its needs. 

Our first stop after leaving Grand Forks 
was at Calvin, where there is a small church 
of nineteen members, only sixteen of them 
resident, with Rev. L. McKinnon pastor. 
This is a small town of a few hundred people, 
but the country is well settled around it. 
The church was organized four years ago 
with twelve members. They have a good 
meeting house costing {3,500, and a par- 
sonage valued at {2,000. The members are 
mostly from Canada, and the last report to 
the Association showed that the nineteen 
members gave for all purposes {93.42 per 
member, or {iia.93 per resident member. 
So far as known, this is the banner church 
for giving in the Central Division. A small 
indebtedness remains upon each of the 
properties. Pastor McKinnon is a Canadian, 
self-sacrificing and untiring in his work. 
This little band of workers on one of our 
Home Mission fields may be an exception in 
the amount raised and paid out this year, 
but we have scores and hundreds of members 
in the West who are doing such kind of 
work, many of whom approximate this 
heroic service for the Master. 

Our next stop is Bottineau, a county-seat 
town. This church is self-supporting under 
pastoral care of Rev. H. Shaw, and is the 
strongest one in the western half of the State. 
The town numbers 1,000 people and was 
settled yea IS ago, largely with Scotch' 
Canadians. The pastor closed his work 
with November, but the church hopes to 



get him back in the spring. The church is 
prospering and has the largest Sunday school 

The next place visited is Minot, a lively 
town of about 6,000. The church was 
organized twenty-three years ago, but is not 
yet self-suppoiting. There is a fine new 
parsonage and a good though small house of 
worship. At present the church is pastor- 
less, and members are somewhat discouraged 
because of removals and loss of crops this 
year. Minot is the best and largest town in 
the western part of the State and claims to 
be the third in population. An effort is 
being made to settle a pastor. 

Williston is a good town of about 5,000 
souls, near to the west line. There is no 
Baptist church here, and we find the usual 
results where there is a failure to organize 
in a town early in its history. The Methodist 
church is strong, and the pastor said that 1 
former Baptist member had given more and 
done more for this church than any other 
member. A Baptist lawyer, who has recently 
united, is another leading member. The 
Congregational church is strong, and the - 
pastor said the leading member in hii 
church was a former Baptist of Grand Forks. 

At Stanley we found a new town of 
several hundred people, which has just been 
voted the county seat. A little Baptist 
church was organized here some months ago. 
It is expected that part-time preaching will 
be secured soon. The religious element of 
the community is veiy weak. Sawyer is a 
nice little town, where we have had a small 
'organization for some time, but it is now 
pastorless. Serious internal dissensions 
have greatly hindered the work, but we hope 
the worst is past. 

NORWEGIAN GENERAL CONFERENCE 

At Fargo we found the Norwegian General 
Conference of North America in session, 
having just been organized. We brought 
the greetings of the Home Mission Society, 
receiving a most hearty welcome and a place 
on the program. 

The Norwegians are the last of our 
Scandinavian Baptists to organize a separate 



128 



MISSIONS 



General Conference. They now number 
about thirty-five churches, with 2,000 mem- 
bers. There are fifteen of these churches, 
nearly half of the entire number in North 
Dakota. These brethren are enthusiastic 
for the evangelization of their people and 
believe they will be more efficient by thus 
forming a separate Conference. 

Fargo is a beautiful young city of 14,000 
people. The First Church is a vigorous 
body under care of Pastor A. £. Peterson, 
who is getting a strong hold upon the church 
and people. 

In North Dakota we have only fifty-three 
Baptist churches, with 2,581 members, out- 
side of the German Baptists, with 2,223 
members, but they do not co-operate with 
us in mission work. 

NORTH DAKOTA: AN OBJECT LESSON IN 

HOME MISSIONS 

North Dakota is a large State, but Baptists 
have been veiy slow adequately to occupy it 
during the last twenty-five years. Along the 
line of the Great Northern Railway, from 
FaigO to Buford, on its western border, a 
distance of 413 miles, there are seventy-seven 
towns, and only five of these towns, running 
from 100 to 14,000 people, have Baptist 
churches. Only two of these are self-sup- 
poiting. On eleven branch lines, running 
north from the main line of this railway, 
there are 736 miles of railway with 115 towns, 
and only 14 of them have Baptist churches. 
In four places the churches are pastorless 
and are barely alive. The totals for this 
one railway company in the north part of 
the State is 1,138 miles, 194 towns, with 
only nineteen places having Baptist churches. 
If we shall add the "Soo Line, " from Thief 
River Falls to Kenmare, with its 300 miles, 
twenty-six towns and only two churches, ^e 
have then in the north part of the State, 
1,438 miles of railroad, 220 towns, and in 
only twenty-one places are there Baptist 
churches. 

In the south two-thirds of the State, the 
condition is not quite so bad, but in the 
entire State there are nearly 900 towns 
without a Baptist church. From conversa- 
tion with ministers of other denominations, 
I conclude that there are more or less 
Baptists, or those who have been Baptists, 
in all these places. In a large proportion of 
these towns the Catholics are represented 



by good houses of wonhip, and there are 
from one to three Protestant churches. 

The question arises, why are the Baptists 
not better represented? It is because of 
our failure adequately to occupy the towns 
in their beginnings, from twelve to twenty 
years ago. Now, it is too late, as the most 
of them are fully occupied, and any more 
church organizations in most of the towns 
would meet with strong opposition, and 
rightly so. 

We cannot now go back and do the 
work which ought to have been done. It b 
too late. To everything ''there is a season," 
and the season for starting our churches is 
in the early history of towns, when they are 
in the formative period. 

See how expensive it is. In probably 800 
towns where there are no Baptist churches. 
Baptists have settled and have either joined 
other denominations or are largely lost to 
us, and but few members are received by 
letter from other Baptist churches in the 
State. In most other States where the 
centers of population have churches. Bap- 
tists removing from one place to another 
find a church home. 

Let North Dakota be an object lesson to 
the new States, such as Wyoming, Montana 
and Idaho. 



« 



What a Local Church can do 

The Italian Baptist Mission of Scottdale, 
Pa., was organized some two years ago, under 
the leadership of Rev. Ettora M. Schisa of 
Uniontown. For the past year the mission 
has been in charge of Mr. Gaetano Albanese, 
who has shown himself an earnest, aggres- 
sive and faithful leader. Since its organiza- 
tion over twenty men have been baptized 
into the fellowship of the First Baptist 
Church of Scottdale, by whom, in coimection 
with the Pennsylvania Baptist Convention 
and the Home Mission Society, the work is 
maintained. A preaching service, with an 
average attendance of about thirty men, is 
held every Sunday morning in the social room 
of the Baptist Church. The mission main- 
tains a Bible class and prayer service. Mr. 
Albanese has also started a mission among 
his fellow countrymen in Mt. Pleasant. 
The outlook for a good work there is very 
promising. 



MISSIONS 



129 



The Correspondence Club 

FBRTINENT COMMUNICATIONS AND QUESTIONS ALWAYS WELCOMED 



Uiting the Budget 

IT REV. A. E. HARRIS 

ng the suggestion of the appor- 
it committee to a church, it is 
t pastor and the officers in charge 
dieir own personal preferences, 
rcions, for a time, and find some 
cfa this can be met. It is an easy 
t down and say, "The apportion- 

high, it is impossible for my 

1 do not know the conditions, I am 
anot raise it." But if the pastor 
ixtous to accomplish the end at 
le will make the effort, and he' 
> a way that may be outside of his 
ly and even athwart his pet ideas 
lould be done, not to say his well- 
DTicdons concerning the method 
b church should give to missions. 
idi has never taken kindly to 

weekly giving for benevolences, 
rven years of missionary training 
: succeeded in convincing any 
I number that this is the better 
criptural method for .a church 
idividual. However, / did dis' 
i church likes to meet an obliga' 
and meet it well at one jump; so 
ie morning service to our con- 
terSy to things concerning the 
aocieties, and lastly to the 
irricular. Then I had pledges 
d and asked the people to make 
lat would cover their gift to all 
By and included the State Con- 
ng four in all. I also urged that 
:e into consideration that there 
other appeal for the year and 
\ cover four organizations, and 
and the work they are doing, 
c pledges. They went beyond 
ments, and we hope to make 
t of the various organizations 
kc notice. "We can do it if 

re do not trust our churches 
0ee are too much afraid to ask 
ct the apportionments. Let 
bem in greater confidence in 
y and we shall find they will 
1. 



A Situation and a Question 

BY REV. J. W. FULKROD 

"I am not a Landmarker or Hardshell, 
but have been preaching for about thirty- 
three years as a missionary Baptist in eastern 
Kansas, and am now district secretary for 
the Mound City Bapdst Association in which 
there are eighteen weak, struggling Bapdst 
churches and each one situated in villages 
where there are from one to three Protestant 
churches much stronger; hence the following: 
Does the Northern Bapdst Convention and 
Missions endorse the statement found on 
page 727, 'The wicked over-churching of 
small towns is a scandal to our religion'? 
And if so would you not advise that I cease 
my work as missionary in this Associadon and 
advise our litde churches to disband and 
cast their lot and membership in with their 
sister ( ?) churches, and so cause the scandal 
to cease ? If you will kindly give this a 
place in Missions with the answers you will 
clear the way for future acdon for a large 
number of hearty supporters of Missions, 
and greatly oblige yours fraternally." 

[We gladly give this letter a place in 
Missions, as all have equal right to express 
opinions or ask questions. As for answering 
these and other questions involving the 
Northern Baptist Convention, we can only 
repeat what we said last month, that Mis- 
sions has no idea what the Northern Bapdst 
Convention would or would not endorse, 
and no authority to speak for that body. 
Nor could Missions express an opinion of 
its own concerning the struggling churches 
referred to by its courteous correspondent 
because it has not the basis for an opinion. 
It is necessary to know the circumstances in 
each instance before judgment is possible. 
The district missionary must know whether 
his work jusdfies itself or not. Certainly 
the State Convention of Kansas knows. 
A discussion of general principles of comity 
might, however, make it easier to decide 
where cooperation is possible and desirable. 
As for Dr. Crandall's statement that Chris- 
tian comity stands for "denominadonal 
administration with sole reference to the 
kingdom and righteousness of God," is 
that called in question ? — Ed.] 



MISSIONS 



Our Itinerants in India 

THE first stage in the pilgrimage of Dr. 
Barbour, Foreign Secretary, and his 
companion. Prof. A.W.Anthony, has extended 
from Boston to Rangoon. As the CkinJwn 
drew to the wharf in the Rangcxin River, an 
Sunday, Nov. 13, a patty of more than forty 
Baptist missionaries waved greetings. Sun- 
day night at a largely attended service Pro- 
fessor Anthony preached. Monday was 
devoted to conferences. The Annual Con- 
ference of the missionaries opened Tuesday 
morning, and continued for a week. Be- 
ginning with Thursday morning the Foreign 
Secretary cottducted an informal conference 
of great value, presenting subjects for con- 
sultation, upon which he made explanatory 
statements, while general discussion brought 
out comments and criticisms. 

Among rhe subjects approved, which 
will be sent home as recoi^mendatians to 
the Board of Managers, are the following: 
TTie formation of a committee on evangelism, 
to stimulate and advise in evangelistic effort 
throughout the field; representation of the 
Woman's Boards in the Reference Com- 
mittee and the Property Committee, on the 
field; revision of estimates by the Reference 
Committee every three years and careful 
auditing of accounts; continuation of the 
plan of making appropriations to the in- 
dividual and not to the field in gross; ap- 
pointment of a committee to confer with the  
British and Foreign Bible Society with view 
to cooperating, if passible, in the revision 
of the vernacular texts of the Scriptures, 
and the increase and expansion pf the work 
in many directions. 

A delightful reception, given to the Secre- 
tary and new missionaries in the kinder- 
garten room of the Girls' School at Kcmen- 
dine, afforded all an opportunity to make 
acquaintances. Sunday, Nov. 20, was a 
busy day. Dr. Barbour preached in the 



forenoon in Cushing Hali at the Coll^, 
and in Immanuel Baptist Church in the 
evening. Professor Anthony preached in 
the morning through a Burmese interpreter 
in the Lanmadaw Baptist Church, and in 
the evening addressed the non-Christian 
.students of the College. It was his privily 
at noontime to baptize in Immanuel Church 
six Telugu converts. 

A unique service of the day, chiefly musi- 
cal, was held in Cushing Hall in the afternoon 
when more than a thousand people, repre- 
senting Christians of many lands and many 
colors, expressed in scriptural phrase and 
sacred song the extension of the Kingdom 
and the triumphs of the cross. 



A Unique Ceremony 

The Jap^n £va„g,li» g 
unique ceremony at the Second Middle 
School of Sendai, when a large copy of 
Hofmann's Christ was unveiled in the 
presence of the teachers, students and in- 
vited guests. Never before in a govern- 
ment school was Christ accorded so great 
an honor, nor his life and teachings pre- 
sented so forcibly as on this occasion. The 
sch[>ol president outlined briefly Christ's 
life and spoke of His marvelous influence 
throughout the world; then unveiled the 
portrait while the five hundred teachers and 
Students remained standing, and upon a 
given signal bowed reverently, afterward 
singing a hymn specially prepared for the 
occasion. The teacher of music chose a 
tune from the Christian hymnal, but the 
words were too clearly religious, so the 
teacher of Japanese literature composed a 
poem referring to the principal facts in 
Christ's life, ending with His death on the 
cross. Dr. Schwartz, the missionary ^o 
has taught English in the school and pre- 
sented the picture, spoke of Christ's resur- 



MISSIONS 



131 



lectioii, which made it possible for Him to be 
the world's Saviour, and two native Christian 
teachers made strong Christian addresses. 



The occasion shows strikingly how the doors 
in Japan are opening widely for Christian 
teaching. 




FROM THE FAR LANDS 



NEW ASSISTANT SECRETARY 

The Board of Managers of the Foreign 
Mission Society have appointed Mr. George 
B. Huntington as Assistant Secretary. Mr. 
Huntington went to the Foreign Mission 
Rooms in 1903 and since that time has been 
associated with Secretary Barbour in the 
correspondence and other work of the 
Foreign Department. His name is familiar 
to all the missionaries of the Society, and 
those who know of his faithful and efficient 
work will be glad of this deserved promodon 
which has been given him. 

NEW DISTRICT SECRETARY FOR NEW YORK 

Rev. Charles L. Rhoades, the District 
Secretary of the Foreign Mission Society 
for the New York District, having resigned 
to become pastor of the Prospect Avenue 
Baprist Church in Buffalo, Rev. Arthur L. 
Snell, of the First Baptist Church of Fitch- 
burg, has been appointed in his place. Mr. 
Snell has served in Fitchburg for a number 
of years and has made a large place for 
himself among the Baptists of the State. 
He is a member of many important com- 
mittees and is recognized as a man of sound 
judgment, great tact and earnest Christian 
character. He has served for some time as 
a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Foreign Mission Society. He is therefore 
famihar with the work of the Society, and is 
most cordially recommended by his brethren 
to the churches in New York. He is well 
liked among those who know him, and the 
pastors of our churches in the New York 
District will be sure of a helpful friend in 
their new District Secretary. 

NEW RECRUITS 

The Board of Managers of the Foreign 
Mission Society has recently appointed the 
following young men as missionaries to 
enter upon foreign service in 1911: Rev. 
J. C. Jensen, Mr. D. C. Graham, Mr. C. L. 



Bromley and Mr. L. Foster Wood. Messrs. 
Wood, Graham and Bromley will be gradu- 
ated from Rochester Theological Seminary 
next spring, and Mr. Jensen will be gradu- 
ated from Hamilton Theological Seminary 
at the same time. All four of these new 
missionaries are young men of earnest pur- 
pose, with experience in Christian work in 
this country, and are looking forward to 
large service on the foreign mission field. 

THE KIND OF STUFF MISSIONARIES ARE 

MADE OF 

Rev. E. H. East, M.D., of Haka, Burma, 
has been forced through severe illness to 
anticipate by a few months his time of 
furlough. He had offered a course of in- 
struction to preachers and evangelists dur- 
ing September, and although suffering 
intensely from the very beginning of the 
month, by a tremendous effort of will he 
completed the course, the class meeting by 
his bedside. On October 2 he left Haka, 
accompanied by Rev. J. Herbert Cope. 
The journey from the hill station to fre- 
quented lines of travel is long and arduous, 
and in Dr. East's weak condition it necessi- 
tated rests by the way. Two days were 
spent at Lombon Village, where there are 
some Christians, and here, overcoming pain 
and weariness. Dr. East preached, desiring 
to use every opportunity left him to tell of 
Christ. The missionaries will miss Dr. 
East and so will the people of the Chin Hills, 
among whom he has traveled widely, healing 
the sick and preaching the gospel. 

THE JUDSON HOUSE 

The house in Maiden, Mass., in which 
Adoniram Judson was bom has been made 
available for the use of the missionaries of 
the Foreign Mission Society, and is now 
ready for occupancy. It is arranged for 
two families and is furnished. A moderate 
rent will be charged and the house will be 



132 



MISSIONS 



available for a limited period for missionaries 
returning to this country on furlough, until 
they shall have made other definite arrange- 
ments. Correspondence regarding the use 
of the house should be had with the Home 
Secretary. 

APPRECIATION FROM NATAL 

Rev. John Rangiah, the pioneer Telugu 
missionary to his people in Natal, South 
Africa, enthusiastically writes of the good 
progress of the Telugu Baptist Natal 
Mission. He considers the mission a proof 
of the real missionary spirit that the poor 
Telugu Christians in India possess, and 
with gratitude he says, "I am thankful and 
grateful to our beloved American Baptist 
Christians for all the good they have done 
to me and to all the Telugu Christians of 
India and Natal." 

NEWS FRQM SABADELL 

The work at Sabadell goes on as usual. 
I have two Sunday-school classes, one in the 
morning and one in the afternoon. Besides 
I take the morning service while Mr. 
Anglada and some young men of his congre- 
gation take the afternoon service. The 
few church members are anxious to have a 
missionary to go on with the work. — 
Matilde Marin, Barcelona, Spain. 

AS THE CENTURY CLOSES 

At the preaching service of Sunday, 
October 23, in Rangoon, Cushing Memorial 
Hall was completely filled with an audience 
of Burman Christians to listen to the annual 
sermon in Burmese by U Po Hla, who 
preached for an hour with great acceptance 
and power from the text, "Behold, God 
was in this place and I knew it not." I 
have never seen so many Burman Christians 
together at any time since my arrival in 
Burma. There must have been over 1,000 
in attendance. The Burman work is looking 
up, and we hail this evidence with delight 
as the first century of American Baptist 
foreign mission work draws to a close. — 
J. E. CuMMiNGS, D.D., Henzada, Burma. 

HOW A MISSIONARY IS APPRECIATED 

Upon undertaking the principalship of 
Duncan Academy in Tokyo, which the fur- 
lough of Prof. E. W. Clement has made 
vacant. Rev. H. B. BenninghofFwas forced to 



sever his connection with Waseda University, 
where for some years he has been the teadier 
of philosophy and religion. As a result of 
his resignation the Christian teachers of 
Waseda University have sent a petition to the 
Foreign Mission Society, asking the society 
to reconsider its action in appointing Mr. 
BenninghofF to Duncan Academy. To 
quote their words: "It is very seldom that a 
teacher is so universally respected as a man 
and valued as a teacher by both the students 
and the faculty, and is so strong a force in 
the religious life of the University." 

HELP FOR NORWAY 

During the Norwegian Baptist Conference 
of America, held in Fargo, North Dakota, 
it was reported that f 15,000 was subscribed 
for the fund for the seminary in Chris- 
tiania, now in operation by the united efforts 
of the Norwegian School Society here and 
the workers in Norway. In view of the ur- 
gent missionary needs here among the Nor- 
wegians, it was decided that at present the 
churches should not be appealed to by the 
agents from Norway without consent of the 
commission. 

" WHAT WOULD J ESU8 DO ? " 

** Did you see Jesus there ? " asked Miss 
Slater, Hsipaw, Burma, of one of her school- 
boys who had been constant in attending 
heathen feasts. His face changed and he 
said, "No, and I will not go again. I did 
not know it was a sin." He has kept his 
word. 

TELUGUS EMIGRATING 

The demand for labor in the rubber 
estates in Singapore and Ceylon has already 
raised the price of labor in South India, and 
has thus bettered the condition of the large 
coolie population. South India farmers 
pay from four to eight cents a day for labor, 
while the rubber estates pay from fifteen 
to twenty-five cents a day to the same man. 
The government has issued a circular to 
the farmers calling their attention to the 
very high prices they are getting for their 
cotton and other products, and warning 
them that unless they begin to raise the 
laborers' wages at once they are in danger 
of losing many of them. Only the coolies' 
dislike for leaving home and their fear of 
the sea prevent them from going by the 
thousand. Among the coolies a number of 



MISSIONS 



133 



Christians have emigrated, and some of 
the Christian planters have provided church 
buildings on their estates, and are now ask- 
ing for pastors to go out with the coolies. 
One concern, at its own expense, recently 
sent the Bezwada pastor to Singapore to see 
the coolies and the estates. 

WHEN OPPOSmON 18 PRAISE 

Under the lead of the Irish Pongyi, or 
priest, the Buddhist Society have voted to 
start a "King Edward Memorial Buddhist 
Boys' School " in Pyinmana, Burma. When 
Rev. L. H. Mosier, our missionary in that 
station, opposed the movement, the leader 
confessed that the missionary's influence over 
the bo3rs was not bad but said: "We find that 
our bo3r8 do not care for the Buddhist 
rdigion any more, nor for the priests. We 
did not realize this before, but we realize it 
now. We see that our boys are going to 
bdoog to some other religion." These 
words of the leader show what a decided 
influence Christianity has already gained 
in Pjfinmana. Money and recruits are 
needed to press home the advantage and win 
the Buddhist boys for Chrisdanity. 

THE BROTHERHOOD SOCIETY 

"To help those in need," is the motto of 
the Brotherhood Society, formed on July 12, 
1910, in Capizy P.I. At the outset this 
oiganizarion was composed of fifty young 
men who gathered at the home of Rev. 
J. F. Russdl of Capiz, and pledged them- 
selves to study the Bible and the Holy Land. 
It has now grown to sixty-eig^t members, 
one of them being the nephew of the padre 
of the dty. Its study meetings take place 
on Sunday afternoons in connection widi the 
Sunday tchooL The Brotherhood Society 
has phced itself on record as opposed to 
the desecration of the Sabbath and already 
diows promise of being an acrive factor in 
the solution of some of the problems of the 
islands. 

FOES OF WATER AND FRESH AIR 

Among the poor in the Philippines there is 
a woftd lack of knowledge of the care and 
training of children. Much of the disease 
among the diildren is due to the utter lack 
of hygiene. Miss Sarah Whelpton of 
Bacolod teDs of a snail suflFerer whom she 
visited: "He was but a year old, had taken 
no food for some days and was indescribably 



dirty. His poor head was almost covered 
with something black and sricky — hair and 
all. I made him as comfortable as I could, 
and showed the mother how to induce him to 
take a little milk. Both mother and father 
seemed loving and attentive, but they had 
a terrible fear of water and fresh air, and 
their only idea of healing was the application 
of leaves to any part of the body. The first 
time I went I took one of my girls with me, 
but afterwards I regularly made one or two 
daily visits alone. One day one of the girls 
went with me and we had prayer with the 
family. The little one is better and the 
parents are so grateful. Is the picture dark ? 
There are many even darker, but there is 
a bright side, too." 

The "Goddess of Mercy" Merciful 

Some years ago in China at a place called, 
in translation, Waterville, the Chrisrians 
were hard put to it by their heathen friends 
to subscribe to the funds for making sacri- 
fices to the gods and for giving feasts to the 
wandering spirits. The goddess of mercy, 
so the villagers said, was making these 
demands and they must be met. The 
Chrisrians tried every method to avoid the 
issue, but the heathen were firm. The 
Chinese ofiicial and the missionary were 
alike appealed to, but without avail; the 
Chrisrians must either comply with the re- 
quest of the goddess or leave her realm. 
As a last resort, the Chrisrians agreed that 
at a personal request from the divinity they 
would submit, and the rime was set for going 
to the temple to learn the will of the goddess. 
At the appointed hour they went to the 
temple accompanied by practically the 
whole village. Their lives waited on a word 
from the goddess, for so intense had become 
the passion of their neighbors that at her 
command the Chrisrians would be at once 
cut to pieces. An intense hush settled on 
the whole crowd as the medium bowed 
down before the image and asked her pleasure 
in the matter. Her spirit came upon him and 
rising from the ground he faced the crowd 
with the message: "Worship does not con- 
sist in the amount sacrificed, but upon the 
heart of the worshiper." This could mean 
nothing else than that the unwilling sacrifice 
of the Chrisrians was neither desirable nor 
acceptable. All concerned recognized the 



MISSIONS 



if the decision, and to this day the 
ns have lived in peace and harmony 
rir fellows without any part in the 
of the gods of the place. — A. F. 
RCK, Chaoyang, South China. 

An African Convention 

nd our yearly gatherings to be of 
t'ssing to our Christians. As many 
:ome and leave home stay with us 
L* days. The native preachers give 
dresses on portions of the Scriptures. 
r>se a chairman among the people, 
y on the meetings on the same lines 
ne. A collection is also taken which 
or some parts of the work in accord- 
h the wishes of the Christians. This 
people came in from the different 
I, bringing their children and food 
:m. The meeting-house would not 
so many had to sit outside. From 
first the people showed interest in 
tings and some of the addresses 
lly good — one could hear that the 
had prepared for the occasion. 
e fond of stereopticon pictures, and 
d them some in the evening as a 
Several had come for baptism, 
mnday we went down to the stream 
by the foot of the hill on which our 
s built and there we baptized forty- 
it the time for collection two native 
were passed around. The offering 
tly in cash and a little barter goods, 
le amounting to a little more than 
t dollars. The last day short ad- 
were given on subjects of great 
ice for the Congo people, such as 
I, temperance, giving, charity work 
ty, after which between two and 
mdred Christians sat down and 
of the Lord's Supper. All agreed 
lad had a blessed time together, and 
•me happy and much cheered. — 
»ERiCKSON, Sona Bata, Africa. 

. Welcome at Daybreak 

f. M. Baker of Ongole, South India, 
msly welcomed back to the mission 
:er eighteen months of absence, 
ether with her husband, daughter 
1, was to reach Ongole on the mail 
)ut four in the morning, — not the 



most auspicious hour for a great gathering. 
Mrs. Baker is much loved in Ongole, 
however, and all who had alarm clocks set 
them, and with others who were without 
this friendly aid were on hand at the sution. 
The sexton of the church had made ar- 
rangements to be notified by the Indian 
Master of Ceremonies when the train left 
the station previous, about twenty-five 
miles away, in order that he might ring the 
bell to let the Christians know that Mrs. 
Baker was coming. Over two hundred 
people — missionaries, preachers, teachers, 
coolies, schoolboys and college boys with 
torches and fireworks — surrounded the car- 
riage which was to take her home. The 
church bell rang joyfully as the procession 
passed. The earthen wall of Miss Dessa's 
school compound was bright with blazing 
rags dipped in oil, placed there in the re- 
turning missionary's honor by the school- 
boys. At the Baker compound an arch of 
welcome had been erected at the gate, and 
just inside Miss Kelly's girls decorated all 
the family with garlands. By half past 
four about five hundred people had gathered 
in front of the bungalow. Mrs. Baker 
affirmed that she was too happy in getting 
home to essay a speech and bade them all 
"Good night," or rather "Good morning." 

The Foreign Missionary Record 

AKRIVKD 

Miss Mary E. Danielson, from Osaka, JapAn, in 

Sweden, in November, 19 lo. 
Rev. W. C. Owen and Mrs. Owen, from AUiir» Sontli 

India, in Germany, in November. 
Rev. F. J. Bradshaw, Mrs. Bradshaw, M.D.9 and 

family, from Kiating, West Chma, at Vkloria, 

in December. 
Mrs. C. G. Lewis and family, from Suifu, Weit China, 

at Philadelphia, December 16. 
Miss Isabella Wilson, from Gauhati, Anam, at New 

York, December 19. 
Miss Louise £. Tschirch, from BasKin, Burma, at 

New York. 

BORN 

To F. W. Goddard, M.D., and Mrs. Goddard, of 
Shaohsing, East China, on Dec 9, 19KH a 
Stephen Josiah. 




FROM THE HOME LANDS 



Crow Indian Mission 

BY D. D. PROPER, D.D. 

dine days' meetings at the Crow 
dilation. Lodge Grass, Mont., held 
H. H. Clouse and three Kiowa 
were very successful. A letter 
Umionaiy W. A. Petzoldt says : 
xnd the Kiowas have come and 
aving behind them large blessings 
nflucnce for Christ that will result in 
lod. There were not the number 
fsioDs we had hoped for, but faith- 
mi dme, BO we leave the rest with 
fbcie were three baptisms and there 
u lean one moie; two received by 
id a number of recUmationa. Our 
a whde was left much stronger and 
Ke solid basis as a resuh of their 
lie Crows at large are yet deep in 
I*." In a note Mr. Clouse says: 
ectinp were all good, but it is hard 
'rows to give up, they are so deep in 



secret sins. Some under very deep convic- 
tion, but they would not give up the dance." 
I could not put in print all the tribal customs 
and degradations which have been in exist- 
ence among this people. It is very encourag- 
ing to know that we have established a 
Strong mission among them, and that some 
of the most influential members of the 
tribe have become devoted Christians. 

This is the best equipped mission the 
Home Mission Society has among the 
Blanket Indians. We have a school which 
is much more promising than last year. 
The decision of the Agent that all children 
over thirteen years of age should go to the 
government s^ool has been completely over- 
ruled by Commissioner Valentine, and par- 
ents have the utmost libeity to send didt 
children to our mission school. Some of the 
children drawn away ihrou^ the influence 
of the prietts last year have come back. Mr. 
Petzoldt further says: "We are much en- 
couraged for the future. Our school has 



136 



MISSIONS 



gone up a notch or two farther until now we 
have forty-eight pupils. It may yet run to 
fifty." It has been decided to establish a 
branch mission at Wyola, and arrangements 
are being made to open up a school there, 
about fourteen miles away in this Lodge 
Grass District. 

To the friends who so kindly sent in money 
to help put in the furnace in the home of 
the missionary, I would say that the full 
amount was received. This will be a great 
improvement over having the family look 
after five or six stoves. Owing to the illness 
of the teacher, Mrs. Petzoldt has had 
charge of the school thus far this year. 

An Idaho Ranch Giver 

BY REV. D. D. MURRAY, STATE 
EVANGELIST, IDAHO 

It has been my privilege to labor for 
several months in the outlying fields in 
central and eastern Idaho. After our re- 
ligious conferences held in Camas Prairie, 
where Rev. Thomas H. Scruggs is in charge 
of the work as district missionary, our com- 
pany of field workers returned overland in 
wagons. The journey over the lava beds 
and desert waste in the scorching sun was 
anything but pleasant. The hope of reach- 
ing the Wood River country, however, filled 
every heart with cheer. After we crossed 
the mountains and descended the eastern 
slope into the green and fertile valley of the 
Wood River, we stopped at a farm home to 
enjoy a little rest and the generous hospitality 
of a noble woman. In the midst of our con- 
versation I gathered that in years gone she 
with her consecrated husband had been very 
poor and sorrowed because of the meagre- 
ness of their offerings to the Lord's work. 
"During those days," she said, "you know 
we were so poor, and I wanted to give five 
dollars to foreign missions; so my neighbor's 
wife was sick and I went to help her, and 
then her husband gave me five dollars." 
Thus she realized her desire. I confess I 
knew not what to say as I listened to her 
recital of how she was laboring with her 
hands to earn a few pennies to give to God. 
With all the cares and labors of a rancher's 
wife, she steals away to do washing for her 
neighbors and friends, and every cent re- 
ceived for that arduous task she gives to the 
Women's Mission Circle and the Ladies' 
Aid. " Last week," she said, "I washed for 



that neighbor bachelor, and mind you, he 
gave me a dollar, and that was good, for it 
went to Jesus." 

A lirtle pig when only a few weeks old was 
given to this woman by her neighbor. She 
raised it and the following year there were 
seven other little pigs, all of which the 
woman sold to her husband for twenty 
dollars, every penny of which she gave to 
State missions. In telling the story she said, 
"And mind you, I don't think my husband 
gave me enough for them, because he sold 
one of his own, not nearly so large, and asked 
three dollars and a half for it. But the price 
was good for State missions and for Jesus." 
I looked across the table into the face of one 
of our general workers, and saw him brush 
away a tear as he said, "This makes me 
ashamed of myself, that I have not done 
more for my Saviour's cause." It is rarely 
that we are privileged to meet such a con- 
secrated giver as- we found unexpectedly on 
this Idaho ranch. If it be true that the 
Chrisnan is remembered by what he has 
done, what sacred memories must cluster 
around that humble home. Christian 
women, living amid affluence, do you want 
to see a woman with heaven in her face? 
If you do, go to the Wood River country, 
visit that ranchman's home, and receive, as 
many burdened missionaries have done, new 
inspiration to sacrifice and suffer for their 
Lord. ^ 

The Romance of Gospel Work 

Recalling some of the incidents of his 
missionary life. Rev. T. C. Carleton says one 
of the inspiring things about the work here 
in Oklahoma is that we are in touch with all 
parts of the country. By far the larger part 
of our rapidly growing population are young, 
enterprising, ambitious men and women 
from the States. It makes a fertile field 
for religious work. 

Here are three instances in my experience 
in one week that make a veritable gospel 
romance: A mother in Galveston, Texas, 
had a son who had recently come to Mus- 
kogee. His father was a Baptist preacher, 
now in heaven. The boy was unsaved, and 
the mother enlisted the pastor and church in 
his behalf. The son was found and the 
pastor introduced a recent Sunday-evening 
service by telling of the letter, of finding the 
boy, and requested special prayer for him. 



MISSIONS 



137 



which was made then and there. A young 
man from Virginia, who had been a wanderer 
from a widowed mother's home for three 
years, was in the congregation. He was 
on his way to Mexico as the next stopping 
place. He was deeply moved by the in- 
cident and the service, and on the following 
night came to the pastor's home in deep 
penitence to express his gratitude for the 
help received, and to say that he would take 
the first train out of Muskogee for home and 
mother. The experienced city pastors at 
least will be glad to know that he did not 
ask for a loan, that his board was paid up 
for a week^ and that he left a good job. 

During the same week a letter from 
Kansas was full of grateful appreciation 
for services rendered the writer and his 
family by the pastor and his church. All 
our rewards are not reserved for the bliss 
of heaven. Many gladden the heart even 
while we serve. There is no finer home 
mission field in America than Oklahoma. 
My first convert was a young man from St. 
Louis; the second, a young man from Iowa; 
the third, a young man from North Carolina; 
and we baptized a half dozen full blood 
Indians in one year in our church in Mus- 
kogee. 

Danish Baptist Conference 

The Danish Bapdst Conference of America 
has been organized to prosecute mission 
work among the Danish people. The 
Norw^an Baptists had previously organized 
a similar conference. The Danish-Nor- 
wegian Bapdsts will, however, conrinue to 
cooperate in mission work as heretofore in 



fields where there is not room for two 
churches, and in State conferences as well 
as in their school work. The Danish Bap- 
tists believe the most successful work can 
be done by establishing separate work 
in new fields with Danish preachers and 
churches, appealing to Danish people. 
Their denominational paper. The Vagteren^ 
published as Harlem, la., owned by Rev. 
S. O. Nelson of Oakland, Cal., was presented 
as a gift to the new organizadon. Also 
a fund was started with pledges of {2,000 to 
aid aged ministers, indicating the high 
regard they have for their worn-out minis- 
ters. On the last day of the meeting sub- 
scriptions of 113,600 were received for work 
on new fields. 

How the Edifice Fund Helps the 
Growing Church 

The little Baptist church in Belgrade has 
just dedicated a beautiful house of worship. 
The church has been organized a little over 
one year. The building and lots cost about 
{5,000. On dedication day the full amount 
was pledged in good and reliable subscrip- 
tions, except {750, loaned by the Home 
Mission Society. Rev. O. P. Bishop of 
Bozeman preached in the morning to a 
large congregation, and at the close of the 
sermon the full amount asked for was 
pledged and the edifice was dedicated. 
Great credit is due Dr. C. E. McCoy and 
John Cowan for the businesslike manner 
in which they have conducted the finances. 
The General Missionary, Rev. Thomas 
Stephenson, preached the evening sermon 
to a crowded house. 



■i .:>- 



fc-'j' 



-!Vii^.J :<- 



CHAPEL CAR AND COLPORTER 



Growth in New Mexico 

Colporter Wm. J. Gordon has organized 
three churches the past year, the third in a 
very proniisiiig community. He has three 
or four other fields in cultivation. In 
answer to the claim that "one dollar of 



southern money goes further than six dollars 
of northern money as an evangelizing 
agency," he says : " During the past year the 
four churches composing the Southwestern 
New Mexico Association spent in special 
revival meetings over |t 1,000. They had 
two excellent southern evangelists to help 



'38 



MISSIONS 



the four paston. Two evangelitu and their 
singers and four putan, all told, report 
one church and Sunday ichool reorganized 
(and I spent three weeks on that field help- 
ing them), and sixteen baptiinu, as against 
three churches, six Sunday schools, and 
thirteen baptisms by this insignificant, one- 
legged colponer alone, with help of his wife. 
The praise is the Lord's, who doeth the 
work." 

* 
A Building in a Day 
Chapel car "Evangel" is at work in 
Wichita, Kansas. This is a beautiful dty 
of about 60,000, and only two Baptist 
churches. The First has 1,010 meinbers, 
the West End about 240. The First has a 
fine modem building. They said, "We 
must establish Baptist interests in both the 
south and north ends of the city." Pastor 
G. W. Cassidy and Assistant Pastor C. H. 
Wareham, helped by twenty-six other men, 
in one day built a Tabernacle twenty-eight 
by sixty feet, making a special room, twenty- 
eight by sixteen, for primary work. At 
this point the car is at work, holding special 
meeting, and, with the aid of a noble band of 
people, looking up the Baptists in this 
end of the city, hoping that soon this may 
be a strong Baptist church. Last week 
the work of "A Tabernacle in a Day" 
was repeated, headed by the pastors of the 
Fiist Church who are great workers. Pastor 
Cassidy is bringing things to pass and is 
backed by his assistant, also a great worker. 
In a short time the car will leave the south 
end of the city and go to the north end and 
there hold special meetings. These meet- 
ings are being owned of God in the saving of 
souls and the gathering of the workers, and 
giving them larger hopes and aims. The 



pictures show the builden at work on the 
North End Tabernacle, also the completed 
Tabernacle. — F. C. Killian. 



Goapel Wagoning ia Montana. 

BY THOIUS HOWLAMD 

Extremely cold, yet occasionally I sleep 
in the tent. Many of these new homestead 
settleis hare no spare bed or beddothing, 
and some of them hare no space for another 
bed. Sometimes we find old settleis wdl 
equipped, but there are large district* with 
nothing but shacks for dwellings, often with 
no bam, hay or oats. In this sectiMi Mon- 
tana has lost much of the old-dme hospitali^ 
and the average traveler pays for all he gets. 

Your missionaiy is generally well received. 
Sometimes, however, when he arrives about 
nightfall and the settler reads the words 
American Baptist Publication Society on the 
wagon, gazes at the size of the team, and 
computes the ratio of their capacity to the 
emptiness of his oat bin, the social atmoc- 
phere grows chilly. As his wife begins her 
stubborn problem in domestic mensuration, 
trying to figure out how to find room for a 
shakedown bed for the stranger in her 
twelve by fourteen house, and how to create 
a new hed without mattress or blankets, 
a decidedly frigid wave blows over her cold 
shoulder, frosty enough to compel the sphinx 
to sneeze. But when the discovery is made 
that the wagon contains oats and bed and 
tent and victuals, the thermometer rises 
to the welcome point and soon all become 
interested in his gospel work, and when he 
departs he is invited to return. 

Recently in an Italian htnne I found a 
husband and wife, three boys, and four 
boarders in a one-room shack cwelTe by 



MISSIONS 



sixteen. Two bunks, one over the other, 
each twelve feet long, served as bedsteads. 
At supper we talked of Italy, and when the 
dishes were laid away the woman brought 
me Dante's Inferno, and was delighted to 
hear me read a few pages in her own lan- 
guage. I then told in English the story of 
Dante being in the church, hut out of Christ 
for years and afterwards convened. Then 
we turned to the Italian Testament and read 
the story of a somewhat similar conversion. 
Then we turned to Isaiah Iv. and read of the 
fteeness of salvation without money and 
without price. One of the men remarked, 
"If the Book is right Jesus is the only priest 
who has 3 comer on salvation." Two ac- 
cepted Christ that night as their only Priest 
and Saviour and Ruler. One such blessed 
experience as this more than repays a col- 
porter for all the hardships he can encounter. 



Among the Hormoas 

BY MRS. L. T. BAKKMAN 

In Springville we held meetings every night 
and visited through the day. This is a 
Mormon town where many of the Gentiles 
were killed by the Mormons. Some of the 
same Mormons are living here now, and bit- 
ter against the Christian work. They have 
five meeting-houses here; the first was built 
in 1856. Most of their bishops now have 

everywhere, and morals are very low. 
Our car ("Good Will") stands on the very 
spot where the Mormons killed a man for 
defending what he thought was right. We 
had good congregations at every meeting. 
One of the Mormons told me that we had 
more people at our meetings than they had, 



for they had only thirty-five out to their 
afternoon meeting, and we had a car full. 
Not only are the Mormons coming, but some 
are confessing Christ. One night three 
accepted Christ. They went home and toid 
their parents what they had done. Their 
parents made light of them, but they stood 
firm, so the next night the mother came and 
kept on commg. The children's meetings 
were well attended. At one service sixteen 
said they wanted to be Christians. One boy 
asked, "Can Mormons be Christians?" 
We said of course Mormons need Christ as 
well as any one else. One little boy said he 
had been taught to steal, lie and swear by the 
older Mormon boys, hut he now wanted to be 
a Christian and live a good hft. He went 
home and (old his mother what he had done 
and that he was very happv. She would not 
let him come any more. One mother sixty- 
five years old confessed Christ and was bap- 
tized with many others. She said she had 
prayed that some one would come and open 
up the truth to her that she might become a 
Christian, and praised God for sending the 
chapel car here. So you see the seed is being 
sown and wjll spring up and bring forth 
fruit. An infidel asked Mr. Barkman if he 
would preach in the Opera House if he could 
get it, and when told yes, said the whole 
town would be out to hear him. This shows 
the influence of the work in the community. 
* 

Railroad Work 

The Chapel Cars have from the beginning 
been a vital force with railroad men. and 
many of these have been helped and con- 
verted through them. One ear, "Messenger 
of Peace," has this past year been devoted 



l«o 



MISSIONS 



to railroad work in Missouri, This past 
month an arrangement has been made with 
the Railroad Department of the Inter- 
national Committee of the Y. M. C. A. for 
cooperative work. The following letter 
explains the matter: 

"My dear Dr. Sbyuour: Through ar- 
rangement! made with yout Western Super- 
intendent of Chapel Can, Rev. Joe P. Jacobs 
of Kansas City, and our Railroad Secretaiy 
for the Southwen, Mr. E. L. Hamilton, 
headquarten in St. Louis, the Chapel Car 
'Messenger of Peace,' in charge of Rev. 
Thomas R. Gale and wife, has been doing 
some effective work on the lines of the 
Frisco Railway. This work was so helpful, 
both at points where a railroad Y. M. C. A. 
is established as well as at the isolated and 
imorganized points, that arrangements have 
now been completed with your approval, 
we understand, to continue the work of 
this Chapel Car on the lines of the Wabash 
Railway, with transportation for car and 
occupants granted by President Delano upon 
request of Mr. Hamilton. The International 
Ccnnmittee of Y. M. C. A.s at its recent 
meeting voted unanimously to express to 
you their hearty appreciation of this cordial 
cooperation of the Baptist Publication So- 
ciety with the Railroad Department of the 
Y. M. C. A. We have the conviction that 
the Chapel Car is accomplishing a great 
work in a very needy field for the extension 
of our Master's Kingdom here on earth. 
It is a great pleasure, therefore, to convey 
to your society, through you, this expression 
of appreciation, and to hope that the work 
on the Wabash Lines as well as on other 
railway lines that are ready to open to us 
may continue to be of great service in win- 
ning men into the Christian life, and training 
them for services in the church. Yours very 
sincerely, C. J. Hicks, ^Jjoclali Gen. Sec" 
•{• 

A Colporter's Sunday 
First came the Saturday, with its several 
hours on train and waiting at change siation, 
then hunting up the leading Baptist and 
getting accommodations at the temperance 
hotel. Sunday morning about twenty-five 
people gather in the small but neat brick 
meeting-house to hear the sermon. At 
Sunday school, which has fifty scholars, a 
Bible class is taught and later the school 



addressed. After a bountiful dinner lo  
home where the late paator't failure to mctf 
the needs of the church, which paid him 
little enough to keep him humble ami poi^ 
bly hungry, was the main topic, ■«— "^'Mg 
better follows in calls upon two >ick ifOneo 
who find comfort and joy in their idwen. 
Supper, then B. Y. P. U. lernce to Mid; 
evening sermon; and the day'i wnrk it crer. 
Many hearts seemed happy for the day. 
Here is a field of opportunity for i man 
who can be preacher, teacher, pastor, 
chorister and general utility man all in one. 
Applicants can write to C. L. Kingsbury, 
the colporter, at Park Rapids, Minn. 
* 
A Generous Gift 
Chapel car "Evangel" was in need of 
better lights, and while at Wichiu, Kansas, 



engaged in work elsewhere reported, a 
Baptist of the city, Mr. W. C, Coleman, 
inventor of a special gasoline lamp, visited 
the car, saw the need and offered ro install 
one of his outfits without charge. It is 
needless to say that the offer was most 
gratefully accepted, and now the car is 
brilliantly lighted. The picture shows Mr. 
Coleman and two of his workmen sent to 
install the light. 

* 
The evangelistic services of Rev. E. R. 
Hermiston and wife at the Central Church 
in Los Angeles resulted in more than a score 
of conversions and much blessing to the 
church. 



MISSIONS 



The Efficient Larnutn 
t it a book that every minister should 
snd then get as many of the men of 
urch to read as he possibly can. It 
lui'i book. No more significant and 

discussion of the subject of the reli- 
training of men has appeared. Take 
cnce in illustration of the snap in the 

"The fiist need of a man is atmos- 
His soul lungs demand an air 
iline, vital, laden with a sense of 
Soft, sisterly saintliness may give 
rings, but he is not looking for wings 
WW; he wants work." The au hot, 
nek Henry Cope, General Secretary 

Religious Education Society, has in 
lots gone to the root of the matter. 
)ioak is vital, pulsating, suggestive, 
atiDg. Pastors can put some of it 
efmoos, more of it into the prayer- 
ig talks, still more into the Men's 
!tlioods or Qasses. No commenda- 
u be too strong, for the author has 
^ idea, not only of the religious 
ig needed for the adult, but also of the 
n of the church. The seed thoughts 
Jew church, clothed with might for 
^ are in this volume. (Griffith & 
nd Press, Philadelphia, ^i net.) 
he Modem ICasionary Challenge 
Jiis volume Dr. John P. Jones, for 
^rs missionary in India, presents the 
s delivered at Yale and Other institu- 
Ut year. He acknowledges the inspir- 
uid aid received from the Edinburgh 
^ence, but the book is the product of 
m ripe experience, and is a stirring 

of the present mission demands and 
w condtlions. Dr. Jones sees clearly 
le future will be marked by the su- 
■y of the spiritual and ethical in the 
;e of the outgoing missionary church. 



while ecclesiastical ceremonialism, which has 
crippled the cause in Oriental lands, will 
grow less and less. The simple gospel is to 
conquer. The volume rings with conviction 
and is sound and convincing in its appeal. 
(Fleming H. Revell Co. ^1.50 net.) 
A Winning, Friendly Book 
Not in a long time have we taken up a book 
with greater charm than Dr. W. E. Hatcher's 
Along the Trail of ike Friendly Tears. 
Having heard Dr. Hatcher preach and speak 
on occasions, we knew his racy style and 
abundant wit and dry humor; but this sort 
of autobiographical sketching is simply de< 
lightful. More than that, it is touching and 
uplifting to the soul. One could hardly 
find a more effective account of conversion; 
ikes itself felt irresist- 



and the personality n 
ibiy. Ministers who 






; looking for 
r grip on realities ol 
:his book. We only 
' may give us other 
The Southern 



religion should posses 

hope the genial author 

volumes as inspiring a 

Baptists have long counted hin 

their bright panicular stars, but he belongs 

to the world; his stoiy has in it the human 

touch that knows no bounds. (Revell. t'-jo 

net; pp. 359.) 

Recruiting for Christ 
Dr. John Timothy Stone, a Presbyterian 
pastor in Chicago with unusual gifts for 
reaching men, gave a series of lectures on 
the importance and methods of personal 
Christian work before a class conducted 
under rhe auspices of the Federatiui of 
Church Clubs and Brotherhoods in Chicago. 
These lectures now form chapters in a 
volume, under the title above, treating of 
Motive, The Men to Reach, Preparation, 
Approach, Means and Method, An Early 
Church Illustration, The Man who is In- 
different, Doubt and Doubters, Regaining 
Men, and Following up the Work. Dr. Stone 



MISSIONS 



that the personal word must be 
lever before if the masses outside 
irches are to be reached by religion, 
agree with him thoroughly. The 
^e must be that of Jesus, the con- 
f souls. With abundance of illus- 
Irawn from life and experience, 
•rward, thrilling with earnestness, 
volume to inspire the worker and 
nany to become personal workers, 
e church members enter in any 
to this form of service, which treats 
as something real and genuinely 
lile, we shall have reached a new 
church and spiritual development. 
H. Revell Co. 224 pages; $1 net.) 

grant Races in North America 

?ter Roberts has rendered a real 
{ this handbook, which in briefest 
ts the facts and figures concerning 
rent races of immigrants, their 
istics and location. In his po- 
di rector of work for aliens in con- 
(vith the International Industrial 
je of the Y. M. C. A., Dr. Roberts 

much for alien Americanization, 
expert in such lines of investigation 
istical information as this little 
•resents. If study classes wishing 
ip "Aliens or Americans ?" secure 
Ibook in connection with the text- 
us bringing the figures to date, 

have admirable working material, 
be positions taken in the text-book 
ve to be altered today. (Y. M. C. A. 
f E. 28th St., New York.) 



ssions in the Magazines 

protrayal of the strange personality 
mmed, son of Abdullah, is to be 
'*'! he Red Star/* by Anhur Conan 
n Scribner*s. The scene of the 
laid in Constantinople, A. I). 630. 

the large and stately houses a little 
f friends are gathered togctlur, 

experiences. Finally Manuel I)u- 
oung merchant of gold ami ostrich 

relates his weird nucting with 
led in the desert, and the powerful 
n the Arab and Iiis new rrligious 
de upon him. "Sonuwhcie down 
lat man is working and striving. 



He may be stabbed by some brother fanatic, 
or slain in tribal skirmish. If so, that is 
the end. But if he lives, there was that in 
his eyes and in his presence which tells 
me that Mohammed, the son of Abdullah, 
will testify in some noteworthy fashion to the 
faith that is in him." 

The magazine also contains ''On the Way 
to India," an interesting article by Price 
Collier, setting forth the West in the East 
from an American point of view. From a 
serious discussion of the grave situauon of 
Great Britain at the present rime — "If the 
British Empire is not on fire, no one will 
deny that there is much smoke and smoulder- 
ing both at home and in India, in Egypt, 
in South Africa, and elsewhere " — the 
author branches off into a pleasing descrip- 
tion of the journey to India, touching lightly 
upon the various romantic and historic 
places passed on the way. In the same 
number, Ernest Thompson Seton conrinues 
his sketches of the Arctic Prairies, and the 
Rocky Mountains are represented by a good, 
stirring account of the stalwart telephone 
men and their bravery amidst all kinds of 
dangers. 

The fForU's Work contains a new in- 
stalment of Booker T. Washington's auto- 
biography, dwelling particularly upon the 
types of men that have helped him. This 
magazine also gives a valuable and complete 
review of the decisive incidents in the world's 
history for the past ten years, with illustra- 
tions many and varied but all well suited 
to the international subject matter. 

"The Danger Point in the Near East" is 
considered in the fVestminster Rex^iew for 
December. Greek opposition and Turkish 
problems, political and otherwise, are dis- 
cussed. The author prophesies that the 
government will last but a few months if 
the present course is continued. The maga- 
zine also takes up the "Cause of Unemploy- 
ment." "Woman's Position in Ancient and 
Modem Jewry" is well worth attention. 

The Review of Reviews contributes a short 
article entitled "Head-Hunting Subjects of 
the United States." These are to be found 
in the Philippines, and the solution of the 
situation, according to the writer, is American 
education. With this article on head-hunt- 
ing it is fitting to place "A Lion on the Little 
Tate" in Cornhill Magazine for December, 
which gives a very good description of a 



MISSIONS 



i^3 



South African lion hunt, for the men engaged 
in both sports have a primitive aim in com- 
mon, since both desire to kill something 
worth killing about which they can glory 
afterwards. 

The Century contains much of interest. 
" How America got into China " gives inside 
history of the diplomacy by which the 
United States achieved an equal opportunity 
for trade with China. "The Regenerate," 
by Norman Duncan, is a remarkable narra- 
tive of an actual experience — a study in 
the conservation of human life. This is the 
kind of a story that sets one to thinking, and 
continues the thinking long after the words 
and phrasing have faded from the mind. 
"The Pure Scholar," a touching story of 
Kentucky mountain life, continues the series 
of Kentucky Mountain Sketches. 

Immigrants are not forgotten. In the 
American appears a touching story entitled 
"Father and Son/' in which the false hopes 
and ideas of a recently arrived Russian Jew 
are broken down before the memories of his 
former happy, though straitened life. 

The Forum contains "The Italians in the 
United States," a thoughtful and instructive 
article by Alberto Pecorini. The writer 
discusses the various evils of the situation, 
but thinks that on the whole the Italian out- 
look in the United States is improving. He 
gives credit to church and settlement work. 
With the diminishing of illiteracy the evils 
of which it has been the principal cause 
grow less. He emphasizes the hopeful 
fact that not men alone but families are com- 
ing to America in greater numbers, and that 
Italian books are present in much greater 
quantities. "The problem of making a 
citizen of the Italian is not an insoluble one. 
It is only a question of going to work with 
a sincere desire to help, not to exploit; rec- 
ognizing the bad side of Italian-American 
life, but giving full credit for the good. The 
Italian is certainly capable of contributing 
his full quota to the best life of the Republic, 
and it should be the task of earnest Ameri- 
cans to bring that consummation about. 
Only thus may what seems now a 'peril be 
made a blessing." 




Items for the Missionary or Prayer 

Meeting 

The eighth annual convention of the Re- 
ligious Education Association will be held 
in Providence, Feb. 14-16. Rev. Lyman 
Abbott, D.D., of New York, Bishop Law- 
rence of Massachusetts, Professor Shailer 
Mathews and Miss Jane Addams of Chicago 
are announced as speakers on the topic, 
"Education and the American Home." 

The report of President F. E. Clark 
regarding Christian Endeavor progress in 
1 910 says: "When we come to missionary 
lands, we find that the empire of India leads 
them all in the number of societies, having 
by this time nearly if not quite 1,400 bands 
of Endeavorers. In this number are in- 
cluded more than two hundred societies in 
the fine Baptist mission of Burma." It 
will be remembered that the Burmese 
Endeavorers made a deep impression at the 
World Convention at Agra last year. 

Reports of a revival at Cape Palmas in 
Liberia state that more than one hundred 
and forty persons have been baptized, and 
so many people seek to crowd into the 
churches that preaching services are ad- 
journed to the open air. The heathen 
blacks have beaten the Christians, taken 
from them their property, and in some cases 
hung them up head downwards and burnt 
red pepper under them, rubbing it as well 
into their eyes; yet the Christians hold fast 
to their confession. 

In World's Work for December, Booker T. 
Washington, in his most interesting "Chap- 
ters from My Experience," considers the 
question as to how education solves the race 
problem. He is a sincere and thorough be- 
liever in the value of education. To use his 
own words: "I want to see education as 
common as grass, and as free for all as 
sunshine and rain." 

Concerning the special care of the city 
child, American cities have much to learn 
from Paris, which has among other good 
things numerous free day nurseries; guar- 
dians, between close of school hours and 
dinner-time, for small children whose parents 
are absent from home at work; industrial 
schools, and medical relief. Far better this 
than our special criminal courts for children. 



144 



MISSIONS 



Financial Statements of the Societies 



American Baptist Foreign Mission Society 

Financial Statement for nine months, ending December 31, 1910 



Source of Income 

Chtirches, Yoting P^^ple's Societies and Sunday 
Schools (apportioned to churches) .... 

Individuals (estimated) 

Legacies, Income of Funds, Anntiity Bonds, 
Specific Gifts, etc. (estimated) 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 
Convention 



Budget for 



ag( 
10- 



1910-1911 

$563,455.00 
175.000.00 

194.527.00 



$932,982.00 



Receipts for 



ipts 
Mob 



Nine Months 

$118,448.45 
33.499.58 

116.443.82 



$268,391.85 



Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Tear 
First nine months of Financial Year 



Source of Income 1909 
Churches, Young People's Societies and Stmday 

Schools ♦$112,793.35 

Individuals 

Legacies, Income of Ptmds, Annuity Bonds, 

Specific Gifte, etc 100.699.75 



1910 

$118,448.45 ) 
33,499.58 ) 

116.443.82 



Increase 
$39,154.68 

15,744.07 



Balance 

Required br 

Mar. 31, 1911 

$445,006.55 
141,500.42 

78.083.18 



$664,590.15 



Decrease 



$213,493.10 $268,391.85 $54,898.75 

♦Previous to 1910 the receipts from individtaals were not reported sei>arately from those from churches, 
young people's societies and Stmday schools. A small amount of specific gifts is included in this figure. 



The American Baptist Home Mission Society 

Financial Statement for nine months, ending December 31, 1910 



Source of Income 

Churches. Stmday Schools and Ymmg People's 
Societies (apportioned to churches) . . . 

Individuals (estunated) 

Legacies^ Anntiity Bonds, income of Bonds, etc. 
(estimated) 



Budget for 
1910^1911 

$382,276.42 
125,000.00 

158.792.00 

$666,068.42 



Rec^ptt for 



iptt 
Hoi 



Nine Honthi 

$80,234.47 
4,047.53 

101,508.69 



$185,790.69 



Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Tear 
First nine months of Financial Tear 



Churches, Sunday Schools and Young People's 

Societies 

Individuals 

Legacies, Annuity Bonds. Income, etc 



1909 

$72,157.06 

9.817.73 

119.928.42 



1910 

$80,234.47 

4.047.53 

101.508.69 



Increase 
$8,077.41 



Balance 

required by 

Mar. 31, 1911 

$302,041.95 
120.952.47 

57.283.31 

$480,277.78 



$201,903.21 $185,790.69 



5,770.20 
18,410.73 



$8,077.41 $24,189.93 



American Baptist Publication Society 

Financial Statement for nine months, ending December 31, 1910 

Source of Income Budget for Receipts for 

1910-1911 Nine Months 
Churches. Young People's Societies. Sunday 

Schools (apportioned to churches) .... $104,189.00 $53,512.26 

Individuals (estunated) 10.000.00 4.603.95 

Legacies, Income- of Ptmds, Annuity Bonds 

(estimated) 51.404.00 25.556.53 

Total Budget as Approved by Northern Baptist 

Convention $165,593.00 $83,672.74 

Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Tear 
First nine months of Financial Tear 

Source of Income 1909 1910 Increase 

Churches, Young People's Societies. Sunday 

Schools $52,801.37 $53,512.26 $710.89 

Individuals 4.483.70 4,603.95 120.25 

Legacies, income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, 

Specific Gifts, etc 22.100.34 25,556.53 3,456.19 

$79,385.41 $83,672.74 $4,287.33 



Balance 

reQuired by 

Mar. 31. 1911 

$50,676.74 
5,396.05 

25.847.47 



$81,920.26 



Decreaae 



MISSIONS 



"Thy word ii a Lamp 
onto m; fe«t and a 
Ligtit onto my path." 



'The White Man's Grave" 



Africa is a lovely Cbarnel House. — Herbert Ward 
BY REV. JAMES H. FRANKLIN 

Member i>f the Foreign Mi>»oD Socicty't Sudan-Cungu Coaimittiun 

THE COMMISSION'S INTRODUCTION TO THE CONGO- 
FIELD EXPLORATION FULL OF THRILLING INCIDENT— 
REAL CHRISTIAN COMITY— THE NATIVES AT HOME- 
STRIKING ILLUSTRATIONS FROM THE AUTHOR'S CAMERA 



HREE weeks out 
from Antwerp, the 
Bruxellfsville was 
slowly making her 
way against the dark 
brown torrent which 
rushes out of the jun- 
gles and marshes of 
Central Africa under 
the name Congo 
River. A merciless 
thing is this Congo 
current. To its own 
force, which is gath- 
ered in its course of 
thirty-four hundred 
miles, is added the 
strength of many 
thousands of miles of 
tributaries. At its 
CMnwwninAHD mouth its savage ap- 
"*"• petite has not been 

aatufied until it has eaten a chasm six- 
teen hundred feet deep in the bed of the 
Atlantic Ocean, whose tides are dis- 
colored far out at sea by the dye stuff 
of the Congo Basin. 



This second largest river in the world 
has never been hospitable to the white 
man. For nearly four hundred years 
after its discovery by the Portuguese 
explorer, Dom Diogocam, the Congo 
successfully resisted invasion by Euro- 
pean spies for any great distance 
through the cataract region. The lower 
cataracts begin a hundred miles from 
the mouth of the river and extend a dis- 
tance of two hundred and fifty miles to 
Stanley Pool. A tropical sun, malarial 
fevers and poisoned arrows were other 
safeguards for Congo secrets. Although 
many white men gave their lives in try- 
ing to break through the lines of de- 
fence, "Unexplored" was the word 
found on maps of Central Africa as 
late as 1877. Only thirty-four years 
ago did this land surrender its stoiy, 
and even then Stanley found it neces- 
sary to slip in at the back door. 

The Portuguese had established their 
highest river settlement between the 
sea and the cataracts, at a point just 
below the whirlpool rapids, whose boil- 
ing waters, overshadowed by colored 



>4S 



MISS IONS 



clifFt, •uggested the name "The Devil's 
Cauldron." The temperature there- 
about suggested a second name, "The 
Mouth of Hell." 

The BruxelUiville was on the last 
hour of her long voyage. Just above 
the "Cauldron" wai her pier at Matadi, 
where steamers discharge their cargoes 
of trade-goods and receive immense 
stores of rubber, ivoiy and palm oil. 
Here also traders, government ap- 
pointees, army officers, engineers, ex- 
plorers and missionaries go ashore for 
the long journeys into the interior. 
Most steamers homeward bound carry 
back some whose health is broken by 
the tropics, or take ridings to Europe 
of the growth of "The White Man's 
Grave." "Africa is a lovely chamel 
house," said Herbert Ward. 

Matadi itself is a colleaion of low, 
white buildings that all but blaze in the 

fierce sunlight — such buildings as one The steamers can proceed no further, 
expects to find for "palefaces" who At this point both goods and passengers 
must live near "The Mouth of Hell" must be transferred to the riny railway 
and inhale the steam of "The Devil's which makes the journey of two hun- 
Cauldron." There is no help for it. dred and fifty miles to Stanley Pool 



MISSIONS 



149 



within less than two days. The pas- 
lenger who is disposed to complain of 
the service should have visited Africa 
a few years ago when two weeks were 
required for the overland march, with 
a train of porters for the tents, "chop 
boxes" and luggage. 

Long before the BruxeUesvilU could 
be made fast to the small steel pier, a 



annum and attends to their spiritual 
needs as well. He has oversight of the 
work of native evangelists. He receives 
supplies from incoming steamers and 
forwards the same across country or up 
river to the missionaries in the remote 
sections. He unravels all of the knotty 
legal tangles. More than thirty years he 
has been at this work. Several years be- 



rowboat slipped out from a mission 
compound, paddled by a half dozen 
native boys, and flying the Stars and 
Stripes. It was the boat of our own 
Socie^, commanded by our medical 
mission a ry, legal representative and 
transport agent, Dr. A. Sims, the first 
citizen of Matadi, and probably the 
greatest living authority on tropical 
diseases. He speaks seven languages, 
but he is a man of few words. He has 
no time for needless "palaver." His 
day begins at four in the morning and 
ends when he gets through. Perhaps no 
man in Congo does more business or 
does it more quickly. He gives the 
natives ten thousand treatments per 



fore Stanley went on his search for Emin 
Pasha, Dr. Sims was exploring the 
Congo Basin, furnishing a tempting 
mark for the cannibals, studying un- 
written languages, preaching the gospel, 
and giving medicine to the natives. 
Everybody knows him. Every steam- 
ship purser who goes to Congo can tell 
you of Dr. Sims. Address a letter 
"Sims, Congo." He would likely get 
it. 

Our luggage went ashore without 
inspection. Our legal representative is 
allowed to take ashore whatever he 
likes and report to the customs officials 
the amount of dutiable goods he has 
received. The Commission was fortu- 



MISSIONS 



iiate in falling into hands su experienced. Clark, tou, was a daring explorer and 

But here we were doubly fortunate, strong missionary thirty years ago. 

The guide of the pany, Rev. Joseph He can tell many an interesting story. 

Clark, knows the Congo as few men With such men to start us and steer us, 

know it. Moreover, he is known, it is small wonder that veterans of Cen- 

Said a steamer captain one morning tral Africa marveled at the distances 

before breakfast, when our pilot had we traveled and the health we enjoyed 

secured trophies from a trader's post those months along the rivers and over 

on the Upper Congo, "If any man can the hills. Both men preached quinine 

get what he wants on the Congo, that — two to five grains per day. They 

man is the Rev. Joseph Clark." Mr. preached; wc practised religiously. Both 



MISSIONS 



of the Rocky Mountains. for the luggage) in the second-class 

Missionaries travel second class on flat car, with board seats and wooden 

the little Congo railroad. For an arm- awning, the fare is five dollars. All of 

chair in the first-class carriage the fare us advocated fresh aJr and economy, 

is forty dollars from Matadi to Stanley We wished an observation car from 

Pool. For space in which to sit down which to view the scenery — fields of 

or stand up (positively no other accom- elephant grass, beautiful palms and ba- 

modations, except space under the seats nana trees, dense jungle, villages and 



»5* 



MISS IONS 



grsEE huu, dressed and undressed na- 
tives, and frequent glimpses of the old 
trail over which the foot-sore porters 
moved with their heavy head-loads a 
few years ago. Thousands and thou- 
sands died on these trails before the little 
railroad came. I say little railroad, for 
the reason that it is indeed a tiny affair 
compared with the trunk lines of Europe 
and America. The (rack is thirty inches 



somely. Originally the stock sold for 
one hundred francs per share, now it is 
reported the stock sells for two thou- 
sand francs per share. The passenger 
must take his own "chop box" filled 
with canned goods and bottled waters. 
Dining cars and lunch stations are un- 
known. However, one may buy pine- 
apples, oranges and bananas from the 
natives who gather around the station. 



in width, the carriages are about as 
large as our small street cars and the 
locomotives are of infantile proportions. 
But this small railroad has cost heavily 
both in life and money. The Chinese 
who were imported for its construction 
died like flies in this land of fevers. 
Every rail, sill, telegraph pole, bridge 
and water tank is of steel or iron and 
was brought from Europe. Wooden 
sills and poles would furnish only a 
brief picnic for the white ants. Every 
pound of coal is brought from Europe. 
Yet the enterprise has paid hand- 



At Thysvilie, far up in the hills, 
the train stops over night. At the 
" B. M. S." (Baptist Missionary Society 
of England) rest-house, four tired white 
men found black boys to make the soup 
and tea, and point thewayto warm beds. 
Yes, there is at least one spot in Africa 
with cool nights — Thysvilie, away up 
in the hilis of Congo. Many a traveler 
has had reason to be grateful for the 
"B. M. S." and its rest-house with good 
beds and warm blankets. 

The second afternoon finds the little 
train at Stanley Pool. Missionaries of 



MISSIONS 



ongo Bololo Mission and the Bap- miles down the river, to say that their 
[inionary Society of England gave steamer would be run for our conven- 
Linericans hearty welcome, not to ience. This relieved us of the necessity 
on the cups of tea, which every of using, except for short distances, the 
ne son of Britain must have in all 
des. "An afternoon cup of tea 
ne little pick-me-up, you know." 

Stanley Pool the cataracts of the 

 river have been passed, and now 

Steamers are available which 

evety inch of their way against 
urrcnt for one thousand miles to 
ty Falls, or up the numerous tribu- 
; of the Congo. The mission 
lers of all of the evangelical so- 
il so far as they were needed, were 
'or the convenience of Mr. Gark 

his Commission. Captain and 
Stonelake, of the B. M. S. steamer 
avour, could not have been more 

to secretaries or missionaries of 

own society. Captain McDonald 
Miss Cork, of the Congo Bololo 
ion steamer Livingstone, sent a 
age in dug-out canoes, two hundred 



MISSIONS 



rusty old H fnry RfeJ, of oxiTOwn Society, 
which is never in commission now 
without grave risk to the lives of crew 
and passengers. Had we not been 
anchored just over a sandbank one nighr. 
we might have been in danger from 
even the "hippos," which were angered 
at our presence and could be seen in 
the moonlight. A "hippo" tooth might 
easily pierce the rusty bottom of the 
RtfJ. Da)- after day, for several weeks 
we worked up the great river, steamed 
round Lake Mantumba, tried the lower 
waters of the Mobangi and the Lulanga 
and dashed back down stream to Stanley 
Pool, stopping at village or mission 
station as we liked. AVhen the river 
travel was over, some rime was given to 
overland marches. 

Soon after leaving Stanley Pool, going 
up river, the banks of the Congo are low 
and flat and heavily covered with trop- 
ical growth. Dense jungle in many 
places extends to the water's edge. 
Open fields here and there are covered 
with the tall elephant grass that some- 
times reaches the height of eighteen or 
twenty feet. Scores of crocodiles may be 
seen within an hour, and many a "hippo" 
head may be discovered in a day's run. 
Parrots and monkeys may be seen and 
heard on the river banks. Numerous 
native villages are close to the water's 
edge, and frequently the unclothed 
children of nature lean on their spears, 
in front of their villages, gazing at the 
p^issing steamer. .\ camera turned in 
thi-ir direction causes them to scamper. 

The hanks are not as thickly populated 
niiw as when Stanley drifted down the 
t'lingii in 1877. Sleeping sickness has 
rhiimvd (treat multitudes, and fear of 
ihc natiM- soldiers has driven many 
more into the remote interior. It was 
sir:in)xe policy which led the Belgian 
i^oveinnHnt to inaugurate a system that 
i^iive uLiirovms and muskets to former 
i'.iniiil>:ils, :uid sent them out to help the 
1 1. Hill's in thi'ir lollection of rubber. 

1 111 sioiA of the Congo for the last 



MISSIONS 



'55 



quarter of a century has been tragic 
indeed. The missionaries believe now 
that with King Albert on the Belgian 
throne a new day is dawning. Some 
are even bold enough to say that this 
is the "renaissance of the Congo." 
Tremendous mistakes have been made 
in the past, but there is a general belief 
that King Albert will bring in a day of 
better conditions. The task, however, 
is enormous, and a long time will be 
required for its performance. 

Here and there, at a trading post, a 
lone white man lifted his helmet to the 
passing strangers. Numerous dug-out 
canoes glided quietly through the water 
in the soft light of the late afternoon. 
Toward evening our little steamer was 
made fast to the shore, sometimes at 
the edge of the dense jungle, and thirty 
black boys went out with their long 
knives to secure fuel for the next day's 
run. Out in the darkness of the jungle, 
in the late hours of the night, their 



torches looked like so many fireflies. 
By midnight the lower deck was well 
stacked with hre-wood, and we were 
usually off soon after daybreak. 

Into many of the villages of grass huts 
we journeyed, even to where cannibal* 
ism is said to be practised quietly; into 
back villages where there were no signs 
of the life of the white race, where the 
natives, who eyed the visitors curiously, 
lived the simple, unrestrained life of 
children of the jungle. Clothing was 
lacking, save for a small piece of grass 
cloth and a few beads. Perhaps a 
small piece of fur, the skin of a jungle 
animal, dangled from a narrow belt. 
The bodies were often smeared with 
palm oil mixed with the deep red cam- 
wood powder. Rings of brass and ivory 
adorned wrists and ankles. Brass col- 
lars, weighing twenty-five or thirty 
pounds each, were on the necks of 
women. In some villages the natives 
stole away from the whiti 



WAKINO tWAfCA, : 



156 



MISS IONS 



with scowling faces. They seemed 
little removed from the beasts of the 
jungle. The visitor almost wondered if 
anything could be done for the uplift 
of such people. Had he not seen such 
life transformed and uplifted through 
the work of Christian missions, he 
would be tempted seriously to harbor 
Danvin's first opinion: "You might as 
well try to convert cattle." But we 
had already seen enough of the power of 
the gospel, even among savages, to make 



us know that cannibalism, fetishism 
and witchcraft can be made to give way 
before the story of Christ and His cross. 
In the Congo Basin evangelical mis- 
sionaries had been at work for a third 
of a century. To note the results, 
conditions and prospects, a Commission 
had been sent from America. The ttoiy 
of the Commission's visit to many vil- 
lages and mission stations, along At 
Congo River and in the hill country, will 
be told in succeeding chapters. 



Making the Children Happy 

BY REV. D. L. SCHULTZ, LABOR EVANGELIST 



FOR weeks the 
striking miners' 
children of Westmore- 
land County, Pennsyl- 
vania, were looking 
forward to the Christ- 
mas holidays and 
wondering, like all 
other children, what 
Christmas would bring 
to them. 

Upon inquiring of a 
number of them, I found the one thing 
they all looked forward to was the 



settlement of the great strike, for as some 
of them said, if it was not settled they 
would not have a merry Christmas. 
Many of the parents had been telling 
their children that they thought, because 
of the fact that Santa was on a strike, 
they would not receive anything, so they 
were to be content to have a little to eat. 
One day while Rev. Mr. Bruce, Super- 
intendent of the foreign -speaking work 
of the American Baptist Home Mission 
Society, and two other gentlemen were 
visiting the StrikeZone with me, a number 
of children asked me if I thought Santa 



MISSIONS 



TBI JOT 'UlAI 

visit them on Christmas. Some 
c just what they would like to have 
promised them that I would try 
« that they would get something, 
that time on I began to ask God 
c up friends who would help me 
out my promise, and He wondcr- 
nswered my prayers in such a way 
. was privileged to supply over 
children with candy, fruit, toys, 
, shoes and clothing, 

HOW CHRISTMAS CAME 

the zjd day of December, 1910, 
my privilege, through a friend, to 
over 1,200 children happy in 
iburg and South Greens burg, 
lalls were secured for their enter- 
!Dt and treat. What happiness and 
ire manifested by these children! 



At one of the halls I taught nearly 400 
children the following chorus: 

THE WAY TO LIVE 

" Live for others day by day. 
Be a blessing while you mayt 
Ever lovif^, kind and true, 
Jetut-like in all you do." 

These children entered heartily into 
the singing of this chorus and listened 
with intense interest as I told them the 
meaning of every line. I really believe 
the seed sown in their hearts will pro- 
duce good fruit. After dismissing the 
children a laige crowd standing on the 
outside came in and I preached to these 
men and women upon the subject of the 
"Greatest Gift." A number of them 
took a definite stand for Christ, All of 



J5S 



MISSIONS 



tht money spent and effort put fonh was 
worth while and God blessed it. 

On Saturday, Rev. Mr. Lang, pastor 
•A the Second German Baptist Church 
of Pittsburgh, and Rev. Mr. Steucsek, 
pastorof the First Slovak Baptist Church, 
came to assist in distributing the gifts. 

We had a large sled load, and were on 
the road all day. The children of the 
different camps we visited were all 
made happy, and many laughed for the 
joy which came to them. Nearly all of 



the men, women and children were for- 
eigners, the Slovak being in the majority. 
Mr. Steucsek talked to the parents 
while the little ones received their Christ- 
mas gifts; he also gave over i,ioo pages 
of tracts to these people and they seemed 
delighted to get them. We returned to 
our homes in Pittsburgh tired and 
hungry, but with thankful hearts be- 
cause of the opportunity of making 
others happy. Truly it was a day which 
was lived for others. 



A Labor Evangelist 



BY REV. |. M. BRUCE 



ST summer a Baptist 

iilission pastor. Rev. D. 

-. Schultz of the Lorenz 

Wenue Church, Pittsburgh, 

'a., became intcrcstctl in 

everal groups of striking 

.niners and devoted his vacn- 

tion to visiting them. Ihey wcrt mostly 

in the Greens burg distria, some thirty to 

fony miles from Pittsburgh. For a long 



time conditions had been hard for the 
miners in that region. No unions were 
tolerated and the men sought redress 
for their grievances by personal appeal. 
Despairing at last of any results by this 
method, they determined to organize. 
Bd'ore their union had been actually 
formed a number of those who had led 
in tlie effort to secure better conditions 
were discharged, some after twenty and 



MISS I ONS 



'59 



even twen^-Bve years of service. Then, 
at once completing their organization, 
the nunen went out on strike, to the 
number of fifteen thousand or more. No 
coDcemons were made by the coal com- 
panies. All who joined the unions were 
diicha^ed and outsiders were brought 
into fill their places. Deputy sberifFs 
employed by the companies evicted 
hundreds of families from their houses. 
These people, having no money nor 
anywhere to go, lived on the roadside 
until the United Mine Workers of Amer- 
ica provided shelter for them by means 
of tents pitched upon pieces of ground 
which they rented from farmers. 

It was the accounts of suffering in 
such improvised camps printed by the 
Pittsburgh papers that first attracted 
Mr. Schultz's attemion, and led him to 
invesdgate the situation. He found 
that the reports were not exaggerated 
and immediately began to work for 
relief. He wrote articles in Pittsburgh 
newspapers asking for clothing, shoes 
and food. His appeals met with gener- 
ous response. 



"After going to different camps," he 
writes, "and gaining the confidence of 
these suffering people, 1 began preach- 
ing Christ to them in an individual way. 
Then a number asked me to address 
them more publicly. At Camp No. i, 
a few miles from Greensburg, I preached 
my first sermon to the miners. It was 
at this camp that 1 found women and 
children, as well as a number of men, 
without shoes or clothing. Here, too, a 
number of babies were born, and the 
mothers suffered untold pain for want 
of proper attention. I shall never for- 
get the first service in that rude camp. 
Many for the first time in their lives 
heard a sermon from a Baptist minister. 
I thought it the greatest experience of 
my life to speak to these needy people, 
many of whom 1 had clothed and fed. 
I shall never forget how with tears they 
ui^d me to come again and speak to 
them." 

Other camps where Mr. Schultz was 
able to preach were at New Alexandria, 



i6o 



MISSIONS 



Salemville and neighboring points, all 
in the same general region of western 
Pennsylvania. Some of the camps were 
occupied by foreigners, chiefly Slavs, 
Poles and Russians, who proved when 
known to be a iine class of people. The 
majority of them were Roman Catholics 
and a few Gteeic Catholics. Their 
priests showed them little sympathy, 
in some instances closing the churches 
and going away. Naturally enough, the 
people were alienated from such reli- 
gious leaders. An honorable exception 
was one Greek Catholic priest, who 
opened the church basement and gave 
up the parsonage to homeless families, 
after allowing all who could to camp on 
the grounds. 

One evening last December, Mr. 
SchuUz had arranged to hold a miners' 
meeting in one of the Greensburg 
churches. Shonly before the appointed 
hour he was informed that the trustees 
would not allow him the use of the 
church. The local Miners' Union be- 
stirred themselves and succeeded in 
hiring a hall over a saloon which was 
immediately crowded with hve hundred 
men, besides women and children. Few 
if any Protestants were present. Of 
this meeting Mr. Schultz writes: 

"The man who introduced me was a 
man who stands high in the labor move- 
ment and has been a devoted Catholic. 
In the course of his remarks he said that 
he, with many others, believed God had 
raised me up to aid the working people 
in their distress, and because of the 
Christian acts I had done and the sacri- 
fices I had made he felt that I had a 
message to do them all good. I preached 
from John iii. 16. Many were moved to 
tears and many requested prayers by 
rising. At a meeting on January 2 the 
results of this first meeting were mani- 
fested. Fifteen of those who had then 
risen for prayer publicly accepted 
Christ." 

"It has been my privilege," Mr. 
Schultz adds, "to visit other towns and 



preach the gospel to these striking miners 
and their families, and I am planning 
to visit them again in the near future. 
Notice what has been the result of this 
work. Not only have doors of op- 
portunity been opened to me in this 
county, but labor organizations of various 
kinds have sent me invitauons to come 
to their towns and cines and preach in 
their halls. The Federation of Labor 
of the State of Pennsylvania elected me 



to the position of Adviser in dicir or> 
ganization. They have also reqtieattd 
me to attend their convennon to be 
held at Harrisburg in March ne«. The 
United Mine Workers of America 
elected me as an honorary member with 
a request that I attend their inter- 
national convenrion in Columbus, Ohio. 
I believe that the interest already roused 
in labor circles will deepen, and we shall 
see in the near future a different attitude 
on the part of laboring men ttiward 
the churches." 

Rev. H. C. Gleiss, Missionary Secre- 
tary of the Pittsburgh Association, 
brought this matter bdTore the Home 



MISSIONS 



i6i 



Society. As their reprcaenta- 
nt to Pittsburgh in December 
in company with Mr. Schultz 
everal of the miners' camps, 
many hundreds of families liv- 
mts with no floors but the 
xnmd. The tents were heated 
it stoves which had to be 
lUf^t and day to prevent con- 
L It was pitiful to see the 
mi children in the cold and 
npelled to share the hardships 
en. They were supported by 



id Mine Workers of America, 
! been putting up long wooden 
hrided into two-room dwellings, 
ould afford better protection 
winter weather and increased 
One could not withhold sym- 
KD people who were bravely 
■uch hardship, even though 
[t question the wisdom of the 



methods by which they sought to ob- 
tain their rights. 

The point of special interest and 
appeal was the opportunity for religious 
ministry providentially opened by the 
circumstances. This was what had 
roused the Christian enthusiasm of Mr. 
Schultz. He is a plain man, originally 
a glass-worker by trade, and for several 
years an earnest and useful missionary 
pastor, first in Dakota and recently on 
the Pittsburgh field. He understands 
working people and is able to get into 
reladon \nth them like one of them- 
selves. He believes that they need 
above everything else Christ's gospel of 
the love of God, and seems to have a 
gift for reaching their hearts with its 
help and hope. 

I had talked with some of the Pitts- 
burgh pastors and with prominent busi- 
ness men, themselves large employers 
of labor, r^arding the proposal to 
employ Mr. Schultz as a Labor Evangel- 
ist. Without exception they approved 
of the plan and of him as the man to 
cany it out. Shortly after my Pitts- 
burgh visit a significant communication 
came to the Home Mission Society 
from the United Workers, whose local 
representarivcs I met and very frankly 
conferred with at Greensbu^. This 
document is signed by the president and 
secreUiy of the organizadon. It ex- 
presses appreciarion of the service gjven 
to the suffering miners and their fami- 
lies by Mr. Schultz, and goes on to say: 

"His presence among them at fre- 
quent intervals has had a great material 
dfTect and has convinced thousands of 
our people that the religious bodies of 
our country are interested in the social 
and moral uplift of the common peojde. 
During industrial conflicts there are 
many who go among our people de- 
nouncing reli^ous denominations as 
being antagonistic to labor interests. 
The work rf the Rev, D. L, Schultz in 
this instance has done much to correct 
this impression among our people. We 



t62 



MISS IONS 



believe there is no greater mission in 
this world than in the great mining 
localities of our State. Through lack of 
proper attention great numbers of our 
people are becoming indifferent toward 
religion. For the above reasons our 
distrin executive board, in session De- 
cember 17, unanimously adopted the 
following resolution: That we urge 
the creation of a bureau of labor in 
the Baptist Church and recommend the 
appointing of the Rev. D. L. Schultz to 
this position if created." 

When this whole matter was pre- 
sented to the Home Mission Board it 
received careful consideration as regards 
the various issues that might be involved. 
There was no disposition to undenake 
anything so formal and ambitious as 
"the creation of a labor bureau" in our 
denomination. But the conviction was 
unanimous that the call had come and 
should be obeyed for a special evangel- 
istic service among the working people, 
in at least one great industrial region. 
The experiment might also have far- 
reaching influence in other dij 
The Board accordingly 



co-operate with the Pittsburgh Associa- 
tion in appointing Mr. Schultz ai a 
"Labor Evangelist," and he began bis 
labors on January 1. 

The terms of Mr. Schultz's appoint- 
ment are cleariy defined and there is 
entire concord between his own views 
and those of the co-operating societies. 
It is understood that his work is solely 
to labor in the gospel among the laboring 
people. He is advised to be "diligent 
in seeking opportunities to exalt the 
Lord Jesus Christ and to persuade those 
he reaches to put themselves and their 
lives under the control of the Spirit of 
Christ." On oneimportam point heisin- 
structed as follows: " In your work you 
will carefully refrain from partisanship 
in respect to men or policiesin labor move- 
ments, about which there will naturally 
be differing opinions among working 
people." 

Mr. Schultz will be under the regular 
direction of the Pittsburgh Association 
committee of work, though his work will 
not be strictly confined to their field. The 
experiment thusentered on must enlist the 
sympathy and prayers of our churches. 



MISSIONS 



Outline of Free Baptist Foreign Mission Work 



BY THOMAS H. STACY, D,D. 



CORKESPUNDING SECRETARY OF THE 

THE Foreign Mission Society of 
the Free Baptist denomination 
orNocth America was organized in 1833, 
and was the first of the benevolent so- 
cieties of that people. 

It came about in a way such as 
plainly to show the plan and leading of 
God. In brief, the story is as follows: 
Rev. James Colman went from America 
to Burma to assist Adoniram Judson; 
bcre Mr. Colman died, leaving a widow. 
Up in Serampore, India, the General 
BapoMi of England had a mission under 
the leadership of Rev. Amos Sutton, 
DJ). After the death of his first wife 
hcilBirricd the widow of James Colman. 
I^C- need of missionaries and means in 
dw General Baptist work in India was 
mst| and when Mrs. Sutton informed 
her'liatbaiid that there were Free Bap- 
tiiBl in America who corresponded to the 
Gcnend Baptists of England, that they 

loo foreign mission work, and en- 
1 him to write them, and if pos- 
nble enlist their co6[>eration. Dr. Sut- 
ton determined to find and seek to in- 
tend diem. 

While at Pun he wrote a letter setting 
forth the horrors connected with the 
worship of J agumath, and closed it with 
this appeal: "Come then, my American 
brethren, come over and help us." He 



4 



intended this letter to be printed in the 
Morning Star, the organ of the denomi- 
nation, but Mrs. Sutton could not re- 
member where the paper was published, 
consequently the letter remained in Dr. 
Sutton's desk for months. Then a pack- 
age reached Dr. Sutton from England, 
and wrapped about it was a copy of the 
Morning Star, just what he wanted. 
The place of publication was found, the 
letter sent, received and published. It 
was just what the Free Baptists needed; 
they had large missionary zeal but it was 
mostly latent. The letter was published 
in the issue of April 13, 1832, and found 
a quick response. \ erv soon it was 
decided by the le:iders in the denomina- 
tion to orj^ani/e :i Foreign Mission So- 
ciety. In the autumn of the same year 
the first meeting fm this purpose was 
held in Niirrh ParsonsHeld, Me., by 
Rev. John Bu7.7.ell, Rev. Ho/ea Quimby 
and others. .-Xn act of incorporation 
was obtained from the Maine Legisla- 



ture. and ; 
on March 


ipproved )anuarv 29, 1833; 
i, (he Cunstiturion and By- 


Laws were 
election of, 
name givei 
Foreign M 
The Con 


adopted; and on April 20 the 
[.fficers WPS completed. The 
n was (he Freewill Baptist 
ission Society. 
istitution has been amended 


several tin- 


les; in 1883 the name was 



i64 



MISSIONS 



changed to the Free Baptist Foreign 
Mission Society, and the Society opened 
its doors to all holding the teaching of 
Free Baptists. Soon after the forma- 
tion of the Society, Dr. Sutton came to 
America and greatly increased the in- 
terest which he had previously awak- 
ened; he acted as corresponding secre- 
tary one year, 1834-35. While in this 
country he induced the Baptists to be- 
gin their mission to the Telugus, which 
has been so successful, and was ac- 
companied on his return by Mr. Day, 
their first missionary to that field. 

In 1856 Dr. O. R. Bacheler succeeded 
in interesting the Free Baptists of New 
Brunswick in this mission work, while 
home on a furlough, and in 1868 the 
Free Baptists of Nova Scotia assumed 
the support of a missionary. 

The Woman's Missionary Society 
was organized in June, 1873, with its 
own treasury, and the power to select 
and support its own missionaries, ap- 
proved by the board of the Free Bap- 
tist Foreign Mission Society. The 
Woman's Society comprehended work 
for the home and foreign fields, and has 
accomplished a large amount for both, 
spreading information, raising money, 
and stimulating mission zeal. In 1906 
General Conference and the Woman's 
Missionary Society adopted a plan by 
which General Conference became re- 
sponsible for the work in India pre- 
viously cared for by the Woman's So- 
ciety, the women still retaining interest 
in and working for the mission. 

In 1 89 1 the denomination secured a 
charter constituting a corporation for 
religious, missionary, educational and 
charitable purposes, under the name of 
the General Conference of Free Bap- 
tists. The Free Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sion Society, the Woman's Missionary 
Society, the Home Mission Society and 
Educational Society were empowered 
to transfer to this General Conference 
all their real and personal property and 
estate, and all their powers, privileges, 



rights and immunities; so that since 
1 89 1 the Free Baptist denomination 
has no longer Missionary or Education 
Societies, but is itself a Foreign Mission 
Society, a Home Mission Society and an 
Education Society. 

In 1900 Rev. Lewis P. Clinton, a 
native of the Bassa Tribe, Liberia, re- 
turned to that country and opened a 
mission for his people near Fortsville, 
Bassa Country. He had graduated at 
Storer and Bates Colleges, and seemed 
well qualified to engage in this work, 
which was always on his heart while in 
this country. He has secured two 
hundred acres of land from the Liberian 
Government; ten acres he uses for a 
mission compound, the remainder for 
agricultural purposes. He has erected 
eight houses, four of them small native 
structures, the others larger, covered 
by corrugated iron, and quite perma- 
nent. He has now a competent as- 
sistant, has gathered forty-five boys and 
girls into schools for education, and 
made ten converts by his preaching. 
He has been largely supported by the 
young people of Maine. This mission 
is about fifty miles from the coast, and 
seventy-five miles east of Monrovia. 

At the General Conference held in 
Cleveland in 1907 the Free Baptist 
Association of Barbadoes was admitted 
to membership, and while the mission 
was not formally adopted, the repre- 
sentative, Rev. S. A. Estabrook, mis- 
sionary in charge of this independent 
mission in Barbadoes, was permitted to 
solicit among Free Baptists for funds to 
assist in carrying along that work. 

The largest part of Free Baptist 
foreign mission effort has been made for 
India; there they have nearly 4,000,000 
of people in about 12,000 square miles 
of territory, for whose evangelization 
they have been entirely responsible. 
The people for the most part are Ben- 
galis, Oriyas, Santals, situated from 75 
to 225 miles southwest of Calcutta, along 
the coast of Bay of Bengal; here the 



MISSIONS 



165 



minuHiarieB have done a splendid work, 
many f^ them surrendering their lives 
in die service. 

The report official gives the follow- 
ing stadsdcs: Whole number of mis- 
sionaries, 25; school-teachers, Christian, 
157, non-Christian, 97; total number of 
pupils, 4,615; number in the Sunday 
tchool, 4,335; ^dded by baptism, pre- 
vious year, 107; total church mcmber- 
ihip, 1,368; native Christian commu- 
nity, 2,375; native ordained ministers, 
10; native evangelists, 26; native col- 
porters, 14; native Bible women, zo; 
narive other lay workers, 39. 

Although our foreign mission work 
has not been great compared with that 
of many other denominations, it has 
nevenhcless been commendable. Eter- 
nity alone can reveal the true results. 
No department of the work has afforded 
Free Baptists greater inspiration than 
this; and if it has required constant 
oversight, voluntary painstaking service 
year after year, burden bearing and 
lelf-denial, it was all in harmony with 
the genius of the gospel. We love the 
mitsion because of what we have been 



permitted to do for it, and all this has 
enriched our own lives. 

And now that our foreign mission 
work is about to enter upon a new era, 
after being for seventy-seven years our 
care, we wish it godspeed more abun- 
dantly than ever. Our love and devo- 
rion are twined about it. 
n  B 

The India field was visited in 1890 
by Corresponding Sccretaiy Stacy, and 
is now enjoying a visit from Dr. Bar- 
bour and Professor Anthony. Detailed 
accounts of Free Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sion work will be found in the Frte Bap- 
tist Cyclopedia, by Rev. G. A. Burgess, 
D.D., and Rev. J.T.Ward, D.D.; Life of 
Lminia Crawford, by Mrs. S. M. Bache- 
ler; India, by Rev. Z. F. Griffin; Life of 
James L. Phillips, M.D., D.D., by 
Mrs. Phillips; Life of O. R. Baeheler, 
M.D., D.D., Fifty-three Tears Mission- 
ary to India, by Thomas H. Stacy, D.D. ; 
In the Path of Light around the World, 
by Thomas H. Stacy, D.D.; Reminis- 
cences, by Mrs. M. M. H. Hills, all of 
which may be secured from the Morning 
Star Publishing House, Boston. 



MISSIONS 



Strong Points in Burma 

BY PROFESSOR A. W. ANTHONY, D.D. 



\ VISITOR to Burma is 
impressed with the di- 
versity of the field adminis- 
tered by Baptists. A thou- 
sand miles lie between 
extreme stations. Sea, river, 
plain and mountain charac- 
terize the distribution of 
sites. The languages used 
are Burmese, Karen in four 
dialects. Chin, Shan, 
Kachin, Talain, Tamil, Te- 
lugu, Chinese and English. 
The tools required include 
horses, cans, gardens, 
launches, mills, printing presses, lands 
and buildings, of lai^e variety, extent 
and value. The agencies are schools, 
hospitals, churches, preaching booths, 
touring equipment for mountain, plain 
or river, with stereopticons, musical 



instruments, tracts, song-bookl and Bi- 
bles. The missionaries are almon 
wholly college-trained, prepared to build 
houses, teach school, set broken umti 
advise in the cultivation of rice, the 
gathering of rubber, or the aettlement of 
suits at law; they are good at facing 
tigers, killing snakes and fighting fever. 
Some are translating the Scnpumc, 
composing hymns and making diction- 
aries. One ingenious man has figged a 
device by which he sits at table or at his 
desk and operates a ftunkha with bis 
foot; he can literally fan himself vith 
his foot! 

These men and women, versatile and 
ingenious, maintain friendly relations 
with English officials, are on good foot- 
ing generally with those who still remain 
heathen, and have the fullest confidence 
of an increasing number of native 



MISSIONS 



167 



Christians, now numbering more than 
sixty thousand. By their advice Chins 
have removed entire villages from the 
mountains to the plains; under their 
influence and guidance villages of Ka- 
rens and Kachins have been so re- 
formed and remodeled that a new life 
characterizes all of the people from the 
youngest to the oldest, and there are 
in their parishes men who have risen 
to the highest stations of responsibility 
and trust possible in their respective 
communities. 

The mission property, as a whole, 
is conspicuous for its location, either 
in the centers of population and ac- 
tivity, where values are highest, or on 
convenient and commanding sites adja- 
cent to the throngs. One cannot fail to 
note, in most instances, marks of genius 
and statesmanship in the selection and 
the development of real estate. The 



pioneers have in this respect left a 
remaricably good heritage to their suc- 
cessors. In the large cities, like Ran- 
goon, Mandalay and Moulmein, one 
cannot see how the locations could be 
improved, or the sites now duplicated by 
any possible outlay of money. 

The schools are numerous and well 
attended. In almost every place the 
buildings are crowded and are proving 
inadequate for the numbers who at- 
tend. The Baptist College in Rangoon, 
under the able administration of Princi- 
pal L. H. Hicks, Ph.D., who on account 
of advancing years retires at the end of 
March , 1 91 1 , has received what is 
termed "B.A. standing," which means 
officia! recognition as doing first-class 
college work, with authority to confer 
the Bachelor of Arts degree. Its new 
buildings are'models of beauty and con- 
venience. For its preparatory and nor- 



i68 



MISSIONS 



ma] departments some new structures 
are needed. 

In the work for special races that 
for the Karens, the Kachtns and the 
Talains stands out conspicuous. The 
triumphs of Christianity among the 
Karens are among the miracles of mis- 
sions. Numbering now more than fifty 
thousands, Karen Christians maintain . 
churches and schools, themselves send 
out missionaries, and determine the 
character of communities and almost 
of regions. 

The Kachins thirty years ago had no 
alphabet or literature; they lived in 
degradation and ignorance, dirty and 
immoral. The missionaries have given 
them the Bible and vrith it song-books 
and schoolbooks and the beginnings of 
a literature. Dr. Barbour on Sunday, 
December 4, 1910, had the privilege of 
preaching at Bhamo to an attenrive, 
appreciative congregarion of about three 
hundred Kachins, composed of school 
children and adults, many of whom 



had traveled a three or four day** jour- 
ney for the occasion; and following the 
sermon he baptized three. 

The Talains are an ancient people of 
Burma. They number about half a 
million souls, living chiefly in the 
Tenasserim province and spreading into 
Siam. About seventy-five years ago a 
mission among them was begun by Rev. 
James M. Haswell and conrinued for 
forty years, until the time of his death. 
Then, because other opportuniries 
seemed urgent, the Talains were neg- 
lected for about thirty years. Six years 
ago Rev. A. C. Darrow and his wife 
were sent to the Talains and b^n 
vrork with headquarters at Moulmein. 
In six years more than three hundred 
have been baprized. One church has 
become five, and these are nearly adf- 
supporting. 

Missionary work in Burma fumlshet 
an object lesson of the efficiency of the 
leaven in the measure of meal. 

Rangoon, Burma. 



t. Ilin£. D. Haini. Rer. 

_. «. .^=.. ™.^..-™,-«.aitBMfenr "•••>- 

Bottom row: tin. P. R. Uoora. Un. A. P. UKord. 



Bulov. C. H. Bwknr, MJ). 



MISSIONS 




A Standard Missionary Church 

what it would mean if every Bapliil church, large and small in city 
Duntry, were to adopt a uniform standard at to itt miuionary policy 
•ork. For moat churche* it would mean both revolution and evolution. 

would he revolution at bcDcficeDt in retulu ai that which created 
ne Republic, and evolution in harmony with Bible teaching and 
tUs principle*. 

I IM sect the (tandaid*. ai the firit tiep. Theie are enenlia) and 
-„._£leri(tic (ealutet: 



1. 


A Mimonu; Pallor. 


2. 


A MifKonuy Commillee. 


3. 


A MiaiouiySuKky School. 


4. 


A Progrun ol Prayer for Minioiu. 


5. 


Syitenulic Minonuy Education. 


6. 




7. 


Tl>c W«Uy CMcriig lor Minoi.. 



9 IKt'piqpOM to iwtwidCT dieae leven itandard features one at a time for the next aeven 
BOB^mL QnKlw* iniMt a»iie to believe in them before they can be adopted. 
% Mnmriiik bow many d lhe*e featurci are already in operation in your church? 
% M jaa htm No. 1 and No. 2, Bitd they mean bunncM, you will not wait aeven monthi 
to liMC die Q&tn — nor ior a reviv&l. 



MISSIONS 



How the Laymen's Movement Helps 
All Around 



HE Laymen's Mission- 
ary Movement has 
come to our churches 
at the right hour. They 
need it for the cause at 
home, and they need ii 
for the cause abroad. 
Many pastors and 
church officers have thanked God for 
the Laymen's Missionary Movement, 
not only for what it has given by way 
of Oi^anized activity along missionary 
lines, but for the spiritual uplift and 
financial increase it has brought to the 
local church. Thinlc of a pastor getting 
ready to resign because the finances of 
his church were so unsatisfactory as to 
make it difficult for him to continue. 
Debts were accumulating, salary was 
unpaid, pieople were discouraged, and 
the work generally was becoming dis- 
organized. The Laymen's Movement 
came to that church. The people 
agreed to follow the simple business- 
Hke methods introduced by the Move- 
ment. In one month from the coming 
of the Movement a new day had 
dawned in the history of that church. 
The missionary offerings had increased 
from an annual gift of S50 to weekly 
gifts aggregating over 8500 a year. 
And although this meant over six dol- 

small part of what the Laymen's Move- 
ment gave to that congregation. A 
reorganization of work and workers 
was inaugurated. A successful at- 



tempt was made to increase the attend- 
ance at the Sunday services, and also at 
the midweek prayer meeting. The 
pastor was not only paid up, but f200 
per annum was added to his salary. 
And the total increase made for local 
work, on a systematic basis of giving, 
amounted to jl2,700 a year. The pastor 
remained and is there yet. This sounds 
like a story coined for the occasion. 
Let me assure my readers, however, 
that 1 have stated an actual case. I 
visited the field and helped to present 
the Movement in that church. This is 
but one of many similar cases. That 
the methods of the Laymen's Move- 
ment help all other interests as well as 
missions is a fact demonstrated in 
many congregations to my personal 
knowledge. 

A treasurer's testimony 
Here is the testimony of a church 
treasurer which speaks for itself: "Last 
fall after your visit we made a thorough 
canvass of the church for missions. We 
adopted a monthly system of giving 
instead of the quarterly that before ob- 
tained. We are glad to report that the 
missionary otTerings of the church have 
gone up from £300 per annum to {l ,000. 
Besides this we have increased the pas- 
tor's salary, and are now paying the 
largest salary the church has ever paid; 
and we are finding it easy to finance all 
other church matters. We attribute 
this splendid improvement to the 



MISSIONS 



171 



Ml of a better system, and the 
■dike way we have gone about 
■e money for the Kingdom." 
tmy think I have given too much 
«f to the increase of pastor's 
at the result of the Movement. 
« fact is we have got to face this 
Ml as men. When one thinks of 
ry small salaries that are paid to 
of our consecrated and faithful 
srs you can scarcely wonder at 
f them saying (perhaps in an 
rded moment), '' If you are sure 
lymen's Movement will increase 
Btor's salaiy, then bring it to my 
. quick." I know this statement 
>m of real need. Another pastor 
i occasion wrote us on behalf of 
f and his finance committee, 
ting that we bring the facts of the 
sn's Movement to his congrega- 
He closed his letter by saying, 
on me if I put it strongly, but this 
needs an 'almighty jar."* The 
aent was taken to that church, 
le report of last year shows a 
id increase in contributions to 
local and missionary objects. 
were also evidences of improve- 
Q the spiritual life of the church. 
diat this brother meant by an 
ity jar' has kept me guessing 
ince. One thing, however, is 
namely, that church got a jar 
)mewhere, and it looks as though 
from the Almighty. 

CAMPAIGN WORK 

"e is no doubt about our being kept 
District Secretary F. H. Divine 
f York knows how to get men to 
uid he knows how to work him- 
Much of the credit for the suc- 
' the meetings named below is 
the push and preparation he gave 
n. At Ilion on January 18 we 
5 men present; at Oneida on the 
•5; and at Oswego on the 20th, 
rhese meedngs were attended by 
ntatives from the surrounding 



churches, who will doubtless carry back 
to their own fields much of the inspira- 
tion gathered at these Men's Banquets. 
Among the larger meetings were those 
of Utica, where we had an attendance 
of 400 men, Auburn 340, Hamilton 
about 225, and Syracuse 470. At all 
of these meetings a Men's Banquet was 
arranged, except at Hamilton, where 
conditions were such as made the Ban- 
quet inadvisable at this date. At Utica 
the local committee was assisted by Rev. 
J. L. Ingram, and at Syracuse by Rev. 
L. B. Jackman, both of whom rendered 
splendid service in making these meet- 
ings large and successful. We want 
also to record our appreciation of the 
untiring efforts of the local committee 
and the pastors who did all in their 
power to make these gatherings the 
greatest possible victory. 

Of course for many churches the 
work is only commencing. The pass- 
ing of resolutions is important, but to 
carry them into effect is still more im- 
portant. This we ^rust will be done in 
all the places visited where the Every 
Member Canvass for Missions has not 
been made already. A splendid finan- 
cial objective was set in nearly all these 
meetings, namely, not less than ten 
cents a member per week to missions, 
home and foreign. 

TEN CENTS A WEEK 

This is a good starting place. A 
true conception of stewardship will 
carry many men, and many churthes, 
and many communities away beyond a 
ten cent a week basis. But what would 
happen if the one million two hundred 
thousand ISaptists of the Northern 
Convention were to average ten cents 
a week per member for missions ? It 
would put into our missionary treas- 
uries 1(6,240,000 per annum. And that 
amount would provide for the salaries 
of all the missionaries, native help- 
ers and educational requirements, etc., 
necessary for the evangelization of our 



ITS 



M ISSIONS 



share of the heathen world; and at the 
same time maintain all our home mis- 
sionary interests in America splendidly. 
. Can we do it ? Churches without a 
wealthy member in them have averaged 
from t(> to I30 per member for mis- 
sions. Churches of over one thousand 
members have averaged from f 12 to flj 
per member for missions. The Bap- 
tist members of whole cities have aver- 
aged from {7.71 to f 10.50 per member. 
And they have enjoyed at the same 
time a growth and prosperity in local 
work transcending anything in previous 
years of their history. 

What city in the United States do 
you think will be the first to win out i 
Make it yours! 



The Fall River Banquet 

BY W. F, WrrTEH, D.D. 

The Baptist laymen of Fall River have 
set a splendid pace for all subsequent 
Laymen's Missionary Movement Confer- 
ences to be held from time to time in New 
England. On the evening of February 8 
over three hundred business men, repre- 
senting all the Baptist churches of the city, 
sat down to a banquet in the Temple 
Baptist Church. It was the largest meeting 
of the Icind ever held in Fall River. It 
was evident that the local executive com- 
mittee had been doing some tall hustling. 
Their chairman, Mr. DuriFee, Superintend- 
ent of city schools, was evidently pioud of 
the work done by his men, and when he 
called upon them to sing the "Glory Song" 
before grace was asked by Dr. George W. 
Quick of Newport, the way the three hun- 
dred voices responded made it apparent that 
already every man present was expecting 
an unusual evening. It was just that from 
start to fnish. Among the guests were 
Secretaries Spalding and Witter from Boston, 
Dr. Barnes from New York City, Mr. W. C. 
King from Springfield, chairman of the 
executive committee of the Conference to 
be held there on the loth, Missionaries 
Jackman of Assam, and Lerrigo of the 
Philippine Islands, and District Secretary 
J. E. Norcrossof the Home Mission Society, 



who was introduced as a ttuter tat "the 
William the Conqueror" who wai to (Jkm. 
A starter it was in good eamett, brilliant 
and bristling, just the kind to capctTue busy 
business men. Then came the mmn of the 
hour in the interests of Baptist MiMiaas at 
home and abroad, the Abraham LiDOotD- 
like secretary of the Baptin hajmea't 
Movement, W. T. Stackhouse, taD, cttn- 
manding, terse, tremendously coovtBcn^ in 
argument and illustrarion, — living his burn- 
ing message himself to the very letter, and 
hence able to' say with all enqriiuts, 
"Come on." If one could judge from didr 
faces, it was an hour of revelation and vision 
to many a man in that attent audience. 

At the close of this masterly address the 
chairman called upon ex-Congressman An- 
drew Jennings, who offered a strong set of 
resolutions by which the men assembled by 
unanimous vote acknowledged themselves 
under solemn obligations to do all in their 
power to bring the gospel message to the 
unevangelized at home and abroad, and 
pledged themselves to make a strong 
endeavor to secure from all the Baptist 
churches of the city an average per 
member of at least ten cents per week for 



The missicmary comminee of the churdiet 
appointed by the chairman immediately 
upon the adjournment of the meeting 
gathered around Dr. Stackhouse, who 
outlined the most effective plans for a follow- 
up campaign, and a determination to gp at 
the matter at once in an earnest and busi- 
nesslike way was evident on the part of the 
men as they separated. 

Much of the success of this meeting was 
due to Pastors Baldwin of the First Church, 
and Blakeslee of the Temple Church, who 
worked untiringly with their men for the 
conference, which every one was assured 
marked the beginning of a new day in the 
forward march of the Baptist men of Fall 
River in line with men all over the United 
States and Canada in the interests of the 
Kingdom. 



Heetrngs Projected 
March 7. South Norwalk, Conn. 
March 8. New Haven, Conn. 
March 10. New London, Conn. 



MISSIONS 



On the Untraveled Road 



BY EDWARD B. EDMUNDS OF WISCONSIN 



HEN you come to a 
fork in the roadway 
take that one which 
seems to be least trav- 
eled." This was the 
instruction that was 
given to those men 
tent out by the American Baptist Publica- 
tion Society to carry the Bible to those who 
lived in the newly settled districts of the 
country forty years ago. They were called 
colporten — the word being a combination 
of collar and porter — a person who carries 
heavy loads by means of a strap or yoke 
fastened over his shoulder. The Publica- 
tion Society was the first to employ col- 
porteis, as ii conceived the idea, 1 think, 
nearly sixty-five years ago, of sending men 
out with its books and literature. This was 
some time before the Tract Society had men 
in ttie field. A large number of these col- 
poners were ministers. They would canvass 
from house to house, selling books and Bibles, 
organizing Sunday schools and reviving 
imall churches. They carried all books 
ihat were suited to the purpose in hand. 
Their mission was in country places, out of 
the way places, where no one else would 
go — going from place to place, house to 



, stopping men on the road for con- 
riding with them in wagons, 
reading, praying with the people, selling 
books and Bibles when possible, and giving 
away wherever there'seemed to be need. It 
was a rule never to leave a house without 
being sure that there was a Bible there. 
From very small beginnings this work has 
grown gradually to its present size. Then 
the load was carried by hand. Now more 
than tifty of these missionaries, scattered all 
through the country, have wagons, by which 
they can much more easily carry a larger 
nd scatter freely tracts and 



paper 



slea 



s for hea 



ited "Uncle Boston," in making 
an address some years ago at the National 
Anniversaries, said, "There' is Brother Ed- 
munds of Wisconsin. He has been cariying 
loads of books for many years, very heavy 
loads, till he has become round-shouldered 
and his fingers are drawn so that they cannot 
be straightened." This was of course an 
exaggeration, but not without a measure of 
truth. 

WISCONSIN WANDERINGS 

The first day that I worked for the Society 
I was in Oconomowoc. Where should 1 
begin i I remembered reading, several 



m 



MISSIONS 



months before, a letter in the Stan Jar J 
written by a lady from s<Hne place in Wis- 
consin, pleading for some one to come and 
preach the gospel. I looked over the map 
till 1 found it. The place was Leeds, thirty- 
live miles by rail and about fifteen back in 
the country. I stopped at Fall River. The 
pastor loaned me his horse. Leaving an 
appointment there for Sunday evening, I - 
rode thrpugh Otsego, where I left an ap- 
pointment for Sunday afternoon, and on to 
Leeds. I found the family whose daughter 
was the writer of that letter. I planned for 
a meeting in the school- 
house for Sunday morn- 
ing and circulated the 
notice all through the 
community. Sunday 
moming 1 preached to 
a full house and organ- 
ized a Sunday school. 
In the afternoon I drove 
back to Otsego where 
1 organized another Sun- 
day school and took up 
a small collection forthe 
Society. Went on to Fall 
River where I preached 
in rhe evening and took 
another col lectio 



up ; 
So . 



Sun- 
work under the 



KSTABIJSHINC f 



I think that 



' ago 



last 

with his horse and wagon (you could hardly 
call it a buggy), had been canvassing 
some of ibe towns in Richland County. 
We started for Ontario in Vernon County. 
There was no direct road, and wc had to 
take a circuitous route west of the Kickapoo 
River, a journey of about forty miles. 
Late in the afternoon, very tired, we came to 
a hill that overlooked Ontario. We in- 
quired of a man at the top of the hill for 
Baptists. We were directed to a house up 
the Brush Creek Valley, where we were 
warmly welcomed by Robert Sandon and 
his family. We found that there was ,i 
little church of eight members that bad not 
had a meeting for two years. We remained 
a few days, visited throughout the communitv, 



held several meetings, found them anxious to 
do something and left them with a promise 
to return in the winter. In the meantime 
1 found a brother, over sixty years old, who 
bad retired from the ministry, and persuaded 
him to undertake a pastorate there. About 
holidays I recalled my promise and wrote to 
Brother Sandon. He replied, "Not ready 
yet. Wait," In February I received word: 
"All ready. Wish that you could come 
right away." Providentially I had just then 
about ten days between appointments. I 
took a twenty-five mile stage ride to reach 
there. As the stage 
stopped two men came 
up. "Is this Elder Ed- 
munds ?" "Yes, sir." 
"Well, brother, we have 
been praying that God 
would tend you here 
and now we pray diat 
he will bless you." I 
found that a number 
were gathered just then 
and praying for a blcM- 
ing uptxi the woric to 
be done. Within eight 
weeks that little church 

bers, having been muki- 
rDutjHD) plied more than ten- 

fold. Pastor Phillipi did 
a splendid work among them for twelve years 
and lived there till over ninety years of age. 



Over twenty years ago I found myself one 
Saturday morning in Madison, with no 
appointment for Sunday. I knew of a little 
church where there was no pastor and 
probably no meetings. That was my field. 
1 took a freight train about sixty miles 
to a small siarion, reaching there about 
I P.M. 1 asked a man near by, "How far to 
the Clark neighborhood?" "Five miles." 
"Is the river safe to cross?" It was the 
lower Wisconsin River and Jt was getting 
late in the spring. "Two men crossed it 
day before yesterday, but 1 would not prom- 
ise it to be safe." "What chance is there 
for dinner here ?■' "None at all." I could 
see nothing to do but to venture. He gave 
me directions and I started. Soon I came 
ro a son of a straw bridge crossing a stream 
that was running clear (fed by springs). A 



MISSIONS 



175 



linlc ianher and I came to the " river." The 
ice seemed safe. I cut as Urge a stick as I 
could handle to be a help if I broke through. 
1 ventured out and got safely over. But a 
quaiter of a mile farther and 1 came to the 
liver. The other proved to be only a slough, 
But here is the river itself, very wide, and 
the water tunning clear at my feet. What 
should I do ? I could see people and hear 
their voices over the dther side, but I could 
not make them hear me. A little to the' 
right the ice touched the shore. I tried it. 
It seemed solid. I thought of the conse- 



the door. She recognized me as I looked 
back, 1 was received into the house, but 
got no dinner till supper time. I made 
appointments, stayed about ten days and 
had a good series of meetings. 

NOW FOR THE SEQUEL 

One Saturday, about fifteen years ago, I 

walked twelve miles to Columbus where was 

a small,, pastorless church. 1 made an- 

; for meetings, but had very 

attendance, only in the afternoon 

about sixty came. I preached one of 



quences. lliere was not a person among 
my friends who knew where I was. If I 
should be drowned my body might be 
caught on a snag or be carried under the ice 
into the Mississippi. It would be a case of 
mysterious disappearance. Finally I said, 
"My duty is over there. I have nothing to 
do here. It is either over or under." I 
naned, treading lightly but swiftly and — 
well, I breathed more freely when I reached 
the Other shore. I tramped on; reached the 
home of one of the Clark brothers and 
knocked in vain. No one at home. I went 
to the home of the other brother and knocked 
and knocked. No response. Then I felt 
blue. Tired, hungry, what should I do? 
I turned away slowly. But Mrs. Clark had 
been groused by my knocking and came to 



my "Boys' and Girls' sermons" and had 
just dismissed the meeting when a man came 
up and said (hat he wanted to speak to the 
people. I called for order and he said, 
"Twenty years ago I lived in Washington 
County. A Baptist missionary held a meet- 
ing for boys and girls in our schoojhouse, 
I was one of the little boys on the front seat, 
I have wondered whether I would ever see 
iry again. I think that this is 
but do not know. But 1 want to 



say tha 


t, if the 


Lord 


ever let : 


me hav. 


e any 


faith in 


Him or 


do an 


ything In 


the miti 


listry, 


I have 


to look 


back 


to that SI 


'rmon 3 


IS the 


means 


of winn 


ine m 


e." My 


heart a 


Imost 


choked 


me, but I said 


, "I am til 


le man. 


And 


if it pie. 


ises you 


to ha 


ve a meeting tomi 


.>rrow 


aftemoc 


wi after 


schw 


]], I will 


preach 


that 



«l« 



MISSIONS 



same temoa" This gave me the ears of 
the people. They came in larger numbers, 
and for ten days I had a precious meeting. 
He told me that at that meeting, twenty 
years before, five boys and girls were con- 
verted who afterward became Methodist 
ministers or ministers' wives. 

A COINCIDENCE AND CONVERSION 

While attending the La Fayette Associa- 
tion at Dodgeville I was invited home to 
dinner by a lady whom I did not at first 
recognize. She told me that, over thirty 
years before, when she was a little girl, I 
held a boys' and girls' meeting in her neigh- 
borhood. As a result of that meeting she 
gave her heart to Christ. I have no recollec- 
tion of that meeting, neither can I find any 
record of it. Having no church or Christian 
privileges, she fell away. About a dozen 
years later I held another meeting in a 
neighborhood where she was working and 
she there confessed Christ and came into 
the church. At that first meeting I had 
given each one a little bit of a singing book 
that we had printed ourselves, containing 
the words of about a dozen hymns for use in 
the meetings. For over thirty years she had 
kept it and now showed it to me. 

A Testament was given to a Bohemian 
family. Through it both husband and wife 
were led to Christ. They passed it on to 
relatives in Minneapolis who in turn, we 
hope, were blessed. 

THREATS AND TRIUMPHS 

I once drove in a sleigh, with another 
worker, to a new county where there was 
no organized church with the exception 
of one small Dutch Reformed. I drove to 
the county seat, a small village, knocked at 
the door of the first house and heard, "Come 
in." I opened the door and saw about a 
dozen men and women. "I am a Sunday- 
school missionary. Did you ever see such 
a creature?" "Well, the last minister that 
came here we stoned. We've made up our 
minds to crucify the next." "Well," I 
replied, "there will be a meeting at the 
schoolhouse tonight, and you are all invited 
to come." And they did come. Every man, 
woman and child with one exception — a 
mother with a babe too young to bring out. 
I stayed five days, visiting and holding meet- 
ings. The last evening I said, "I know 
little about you, but I wonder if there are 



any among you that will confess Christ as 
your Saviour." One woman rose. "Are 
there any who want this Christ ?" A young 
woman rose. I found that for a long time 
she had been feeling in the dark after salva- 
tion and no one to show her the way. 

"on THE WRONG ROAD" 

One day I was in Loganville and wanted to 
go to Marble Ridge. I was told to go down 
the valley about three miles, turn to the 
right and climb the bluflP where I would find 
the place. A little way down I found two 
tracks that seemed to be both one road. 
Being on the left, I kept on that track. 
Walking a long time and finding no turn to 
the right, I called to a man stacking grain 
down in a field. "Hello, there. You have 
a fine lot of boys on that stack." "My boys 
are all girls." With boys' hats on and too 
far away I could not disringuish. "How 
far is it to Marble Ridge?" "You are en 
the wrong road." "Why, I was told to 
come this way." "Did you notice a fork 
in the road? You should have taken the 
right hand." "How far back is it?" 
"Three miles." "How far the other way 
around?" "Four miles down and four' 
back." "Can't I get across?" "No, there 
is a deep marsh." "How far is it over?" 
"Half a mile." "Why, I can't go 'way 
around. What shall I do?" "Well, there 
is a path where people have crossed. Per- 
haps you can find it. Go across that potato 
patch to a certain point, climb the fence and 
there is a path." I started and thou^t that 
I struck the trail, but I lost it. I got deeper 
and deeper in the bog. I was besvi^ 
loaded with books, satchel, rain coat ani 
umbrella. Worse still, a rain came vp aai 
I must keep my books dry. Suuggpu g O^ 
I came to the edge of a wood that proved ta 
be a swamp. Tearing my way thram^ 1. 
came up against "Honey Creek,** fhm aDMl 
close the other side. Tired, hungrf, 
by the rain, I plunged in, holding 
above my head to keep it diy, and 
safely on the other side. I walked a 
down the road before I came to 
There I knocked in vain. No one 
Thoroughly tired, I sat down and 
hour or more, when the people 
I was helped to some dry dodiinc. Tlio 
consequence was a severe cold, and dtt matt 
morning I was glad to catdi a tide to dK 




MISSIONS 



177 



PnbEciAiaaSacietr 



railroad ten miles away and go home. 1 did 
nottee Marble Ridge till some yean afterthat. 

FOUR MILES OF MUD 

Smiic yean after the first visit I wu again 
io Omaria It was the muddiest October 
ever known in Wiicotuin. A man laid that 
he bad found a new load, six feet below the 
(dd one^ Brush Creek Valley was especially 
bad. Pastor Phillips kept saying "I do 
wish that May would come down." She 
widi another young lady widied to he bap- 
tiied, and he was too infirm to do it. But 
May lived four railei up that muddy road, 
and pet^le were upon it only when obliged 
to be. Saturday noon I made up my mind 
that I mutt tty to reach her. I waded the 
four miles through the mud, reaching there 
late in the ^kanooa. May was kneading 
bread. But there was no ttnte to be Ion if 



we were to reach town before dark. Hardly 
■topping to sit down, I told why I had come. 
She immediately took her hands out of the 
dough, washed them, made up a package 
of clothing and followed me through the 
mud to the village. The next morning I 
baptized the two. 

IN THE MICHIGAN PENINSULA 

Between April, 1S77, and April, iSSi, I 
was engaged in this same work in Michigan. 
In 1880, Mr. W. H. Brearley, then of 
Detroit, offered to pay an extra hundred 
dollars to the Sunday-school Board to meet 
the extra expense of sending a missitmaiy 
through the "Upper Peninsula." I took the 
earliest boat in Detroit for the "Soo," In 
and around that new town I found about 
fifteen Baptists. Securing an empty school- 
house, 1 furnished it for the purpose and 
organized a Sunday school. Soon after I 
met Dr. G. S. Bailey and suggested that the 
"Soo" might be a good place to spend his 
vacation and do some pioneer work. He 
accepted the suggestion, spent six weeks 
there, baptized a number and organized 
what has since grown to be Mie of die ben 
churches in Michigan, During my lasttwo 
years of Michigan work I organized ten 
churches, about half of them proving per- 
manent and successful. 

Many a time have I thanked the Publica- 
tion Society for standing behind me in thii 
precious work, and praised the Lord that He 
was willing to use so unworthy an innru< 



178 



MISS ION S 



The Philippine Conference 

BY REV. CHARLES L. MAXFIELD, OF BACOLOD, P.I. 



HE Seventh Annual Conference 
of the Philippine Baptist Mis- 
sion was held in Iloilo, Dc- 
The reports from 



cember 6 -1 
the vario. 



shov 



steady progress along many 
lines, and called attention to 
cenain pressing needs if we are to conserve 
the work already gained. 

Mr. Russell, who is caring for Capiz 
station during the absence of Dr. Leriigo 
and Mr. Robbins, reported eighty baptisms. 
A dormitory for young men has been estab- 
lished and a good beginning made. Miss 
Nicolet, in charge of the home school during 
the absence of Miss Suman, reports a pros- 
perous and encouraging year's work. 

Mr. Forshee for northern Ncgros reported 
activity among the churches as shown in the 
increased membership and development in 
organization. Mr. Ma.tBeld reported wide 
evangelization and encouraging results in 
particular in the winning to Christ of several 
prominent leaders among the upper classes. 
Bacolod station reported 220 baptisms for 
the year. Miss Whelpton has been busy 
with many duties. She has had the care of 
the girls' dormitory, a successful kinder- 
garten of about fifty children, supported by 



the people of the town, and a large service 
in the dispensary, having treated more than 
200 cases during November alone. The 
Conference asked Dr. Thomas to cooperate 
in sustaining the medical work for the 
present in association with Miss Whelpton. 
As there is a steamer from Iloilo to Bacolod 
twice a week, which anchors at Bacolod 
over night, this will be possible. Mr. and 
Mrs. Maxfield will reside in Bacolod when 
Mr. Forshee leaves for his furlough in 
September. 

The Union Hospital in Iloilo h» done a 
large service, but is greatly crippled becaUM 
of insufficient quarters to do the larger work 
contemplated when the union work was 
begun. Dr. Hall of the Presbyterian Board 
was obliged to return to Ametica in April 
because of sickness, and thus Dr. Thomas 
has done double service since that time. 
The great need is for an etilat^ement of the 
hospital in order to hold and increaM the 
large place it has made for iadf in the 
community and the entire southern portion 
of the Archipelago, both among nadvc and 
foreign population. There is also an im- 
perative need for a missionary residence for 
Dr. Thomas, as the present abode i* a 
menace to heahh. The Property Committee 



MISSIONS 



■79 



and the Conference unanimously recom- 
moidcd that these needs be supplied. 

The Press has been under the care of 
Mr. MuDger. It has done a lai^e work, 
baving printed more than three million pages 
of Inenture. Mr. Snyder will come from 
oar press in Rangoon, Burma, early in the 
jwar to assume charge of the Press and 
become treasurer of the Mission. He will 
supply a need in both these lines of service. 

Mr. Lund has been busy with translation 
work; preaching on Sunday in Iloilo and 
oeca^onal visits to the various districts with 
other nuMioDa tie*. He is indeed the " Father 
of the PhiUppine Mission," and continues 
to give it a father's love and care. The 
translation of the Old Testament is approach- 
ing completion and portions will be printed 
by the American Bible Society this year. 
Two dormitories ibr students have been 



instituted by the Iloilo i 
Maxfield has had charge of the dormitories. 
They have cooperated with the Presbyterians 
in sustaining a preaching service for the 
400 Americans resident here, as well as a 
Y.M.C.A. in the heart of the city. The 
Y.M.C.A. has no secretary, and is supported 
entirely by local contributions. 

The Woman's Bible Training School, 
under the care of Miss Johnson, has per- 
formed a service of great good in providing 
trained Bible women who labored during 
the vacations in all the fields. A class will 
be graduated this year who will be available 
for pennanent service along this line. We 
were happy to greet Miss Lund, who returns 
from Chicago 10 be associated with Miss 
Johnson in this school. 

The Girls' Academy under the charge of 
Miss Bissinger has just begun. This insutu- 
tion promises large usefulness in touching 
le young women of the scHcalled 
of people. The need is for a 
id suitable home for the school, 
irial school has had a good year, 
le has been alone most of the 
teachers came from America, 
1 Houger and Miss Grace 
most welcome addition to the 
;e. It was voted to add the 
;h School work to the cutricu- 
: have been nearly 400 pupils 
he irrigation plant is installed 
is hoped that the new Central 
ling may be forthcoming this 
I voted to ask (or an appropria- 
all sugar mill to grind the cane 
: farm. 

)w has had charge of the Jaro 
ield. He reports 200 baptisms 
nent along many lines of work, 
had charge of the completion of 
lujlding. This work was well 
and quickly done with a large 
saving over contract prices. 
T^e paramount need as 
indicated in nearly every 
report of individual and of 
comminee was for an 
enla^ment of the educa- 
tional work as a means both 
to wider evangelization and 
the conservation of the work 
already done. 



MISSIONS 



DEMAND FOK MEN 

The report of the Jaro station showed a 
membership of about 1,600 in 1907, am] 
only about 2,000 in 1908. During die last 
two years there has been a loss equally great. 
The report of Mr. Bigelow states that "In 
this district there are 21 organized churches 
up the country beyond the Kabatuan field. 
Counting Jaro and the little church on 
Guimaras at Sanao there are 23 in all. In 
these churches there are a little over 1,200 
members. At the last association they re- 
ported a few over 200 baptisms. Two of 
these churches are just about dead; four 
are veiy weak; eight are barely holding their 
own, and the remaining nine are quite strong. 
The great difficulty is the lack ofa sufficiently 
crained working body. There are seven mission. 



ordained men, six of whom are good work- 
ers. There are four real good licensed 
preachers, though they have but little 
power." These facts, together with the call 
for workers better trained for the other 
fields, made imperative the demand for 
schools. The recommendation of the edu- 
cational committee that vacation schools be 
approved was heartily endorsed. The need 
for a Bible School was discussed and it^was 
unanimously recommended that an appro- 
priation for the construction of such a 
school be made. With faith in God and 
confidence in the brethren at home whom 
we represent, the missionaries returned to 
their stations believing that a day yet 
brighter was dawning for the Philippine 



MISSIONARY AMONG THE KIOWAS IN OKLAHOMA 



ON a memorable day the Kiowa Quar- 
tette, consisting of Deacons Toybow 
(interpreter), Saneco, Hobey and theit 
missionary, departed from Rainy Mountain 
Mission for a tour among the churches in 
southeastern Nebraska, and from there to 
Lodge Grass, our Crow Mission in south- 
eastern Montana. This was to be a mission 
of Christian Indians to a neighbor tribe. 
The churches visited in Nebraska were 
Fairbury, Alexandria, Beatrice, Wymere, 
Pawnee City, Lincoln, Alliance, Hastings, 
Grand Island, and live in Omaha; two in 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, were also included. 

These churches are earnest, aggressive 
and missionary. Their pastors are men of 
God with the Master's vision of a lost world. 
Pastors and churches gave the quartette a 
warm welcome in heart, home and attendance 



and were not stinted in their gifts to help 
the visitors on their Way. 

Our gift to the churches * comprised 
Kiowa Jesus songs, interpreted and sung 
in Kiowa; a brief statement,by,the missionary 
of the history, fields and workers among 
the Blanket Indians; impressing the people 
that their money has been well invested 
when given to our Horoe Mission Societies, 
and asking that they give their prayers, 
children and money for the enlargement of 
the work. Then the Indian brothers are 
presented as the products of Christian 
prayers and gifts, and they tell the story of 
their life. In their addresses the old life 
and the new are brought out in vivid con- 
trast, and the gospel is seen to be the power 
of God unto salvation. All see that this is 
Christ's work. I>eacon Saneco gives an 



MISSIONS 



i8i 



exhibition of the sign or hand language of 
(he Indians. He (peaks of God's houie 
here, and of the beautiful one on high, of 
the way Je«us has made for us to travel to 
that home. By this hearts are touched and 
■nissionaiy interest is created. Many said, 
"1 wish our Societies would do more of this 
kind of work. We can now see what our 
money is doing." 

Lodge Grass is fifty-two miles northwest 
of Sheridan, Wyoming, and twenty-four 
miles southeast of Custei's last battlefield, 
in the valley of the Little Big Horn River. 
It derives its name from the fact that in the 
olden days the grass grew so long that the 
Indians could cover their lodges with it. 
In the Bat valley, one-half mile from the 
railroad station and near the river, our 
mission is located. On the east the foot- 
hills, on the west snow-capped mountain; a 
I of beauty. In eight years three 
have been ereaed, — parsonage, 
I Hall and school building. These 
are built of small pine logs, 
iMdk B ardiitecture. All the buildings 
ara tborou^y constructed and attractive. 
Some handa have wrought long and nobly. 
The adtool wilt enroll fifty this year. 

A little church <tf thirty members shines as 
a beacon in At midst of heathen darkness. 
Many of the members are faithful and are 
growing ttroT^. Their persons and faces 
show the new life and dieir speech is the 
dialect of Zion. 

The tribe numbert two thousand. Iliis 
people are farther hack than any tribe in 
Oklahoma in the comforts of civilization. 



in cleanliness of person and home, and are 
very low in their social relations. The 
tribal social dance is strong, and in this a 
large element of impurity. Antichrist, in 
the form of Romanism, has much influence, 
and by intrigue poisons and biases the 
Indian mind, and holds before the people a 
form of godliness that has no power. In 
an environment like this the progress of 
truth must be slow. But the lamps are 
full of oil, trimmed and burning, and the 
darkness must pass. 

Our three Kiowa Christians were living 
letters read by this people. Through them 
Christ sung and testified. It was a good 
meeting. The people came, the Crow Chris- 
tians were earnest, many were convicted 
deeply of sin, four were received for baptism 
and three baptized. Others will come, for 
much good seed has been sown. 

More than thirty years ago the heroic 
Custer with his little band made their last 
stand on the ridge above the valley while 
the vast hordes swept up frrm the glen 
below, completely surrounding him and hti 
band. The cause for whicli .'hey shed thdr 
blood has moved onward and Indian wan 

There are spiritual Custers in the vale 
below, the little band is surrounded by the 
foes of the cause. The truth for which they 
are giving their days of devotion will move 
forward. Let us sympathize with, pray 
for, support and honor those who leave 
friends and loved ones and lay down their 
lives for Christ and His cause. 

Rainy Mountain, Okla. 



l82 



MISSIONS 



Devotional 



9ra;er f et tit JEUtion 

^ LORD GOD of nations, Thou who 
^0^ makest of one blood all men to 
dwell upon the face of the earth, look 
upon this Thy people. Let the nation 
know what makes a people great. If 
we have been wandering from Thee, 
looking upon merchandise as our only 
glory, and wealth as our only good, in 
Thy great mercy pity us. Let us re^ 
member the holy teachings of the past, 
the story of the times that are gone. Wake 
us up from our indifference to right and 
our love of mammon. Let us be filled 
with great thoughts, noble patriotism, 
great and holy purposes, that we may 
lend to our land the grace of true citizen- 
shijf, of goodness and of truth. May 
we know Thee as the Rock of our de- 
fence, our strong Tower, our Sovereign 
Ruler, and our Everlasting Hope; for 
Jesus Christ's sake. Amen, 

PRAY — 

That great blessing may rest upon the 
men of the churches as they gather in the 
conferences of the Baptist Laymen's Mis- 
sionary Movement. 

That the leaders may be given messages 
that shall bum into the souls of the hearers 
and make them men for such a time as this. 

That the Secretary of the Movement may 
be clothed upon with mighty power to move 
men, give them his own broad vision and 
confidence in God, and band them for such 
service as the church has never seen. 

That out of this Movement may come the 
means to enlarge the missionary work to 
meet some of the most pressing calls at home 
and abroad. 

From a Missionary's Journal 

January 5. Pitt preached well on *' Love." 
God's love to us is shown in Romans v. 8. 
Our love to God is shown in John xiv. 23. 



If we love God we must show it as in I John 
iv. 7, 8. 

January 16. It is just twenty-d^t ytan 
today since we readied Nowg(mg. Busy 
and happy years they have been. We can 
trust Jesus for the future. We cannot 
adequately express our appreciation of Him 
who hath redeemed us and honored us with 
junior partnership in the work of building 
up His kingdom. 

January 20. When reading today in 
"Secrets of a Beautiful Life/' I was struck 
with this expression, "When night comes 
He will show us the stars/' — meaning that 
God has a promise and comfort for our 
every need. I am trying to put a few of die 
thoughts of that good little book into 
Assamese. 

June 25. I like this sentence from J. R. 
Miller: "He who does God's will faithfully 
each day makes life a song. The music 
is peace." 

November 11. This has been a happy 
birthday for me. The twelve women who 
came to our bungalow for the women's 
prayer meeting prayed so earnestly. They 
hold these meetings around at the Christian 
houses. 

June 30. We praise our Saviour for His 
loving kindness. "Peace! perfect peace! 
our future all unknown. Jesus we know, 
and He is on the throne." 

Sources of Strength 

Then welcome each rebuff 
That turns earth's smoothness rough, 
Each sting that bids nor sit nor stand, but go! 
Be our joys three-parts pain! 
Strive, and hold cheap the strain, 
Learn, nor account the pang; dare, never 
grudge the throe. — Browning, 

Thoughts to Grow On 
The only remedy with me is to pray for 
every one who worries me. It is wonderful 
what such prayer does. 

And be ye kind one to another, tender- 
hearted, forgiving each other, even as God 
also in Christ forgave you. — Eph, iv. 32. 



MISSIONS 



183 



Echoes from the Oriental Press 

CONDUCTED BY J.' L. DEARING, D.D. 



A WRITER i: 
1\. attenlion ii 



; Indian Mirror calls 
uncertain way to the 
problems among young men today in India. 
It is sadly true that the condition which he 
Mcms to see in India is too sadly true of the 
entire East. The appeal to the Christian 
West in behalf of these tnen of the coming 
generation in the East should be heard. The 
following quotation is none too strong; 

"One of the gravest problems of the ptes- , 
ent day is how to arrest the rapidly growing 
tide of moial depravity among some of the 
young men of our country. No thoughtful 
observer can help noticing that the minds of 
lome of them have been greatly perverted by 
the insidious teachings and preachings which 
have been their staple food for some time 
past. 'Headless, heartless, soulless,' would 
perhaps be the only fitting description of the 
youth to whom we have referred. Do we find 
in these young men or in the system to which 
they belong, either reverence to God, obedi- 
ence to authority, or love for humanity ? . 
Religion, worth the name, they have none; 
their moral horizon is darkened by passion 
and hate; and their intellectual outfit is of 
the meagrest type. No wonder, violence and 
bloodshed, robbeiy and spoliation, have be- 
come their creed. It grieves us beyond 
measure to have to draw up this indictment 
against any class of our young men, but the 
situation has become so great that we cannot 
help giving expression to our feelings without 
concealment or attempt at palliation." 
TI The Indian Mirror sounds a very encour- 
aging note in r^ard to the change in the con- 
dition of child widows and child marriages. 
We ceitainly cm but thank God for thi. 



hopeful sign. The following is taken from 
a recent number: 

"We are confident that so much interest 
that is now taken in our widows and the 
cause of their advancement, cannot surety 
go in vain. The movement has spread 
abroad, and Bengal, or, for the matter of 
that, only that ponion of it that still delights 
in hidebound obstinacy and narrow intoler- 
ance, cannot long afford to escape the blessed 
contagion. Judging from the strides that the 
movement is making m almost all parts of 
the country, we believe that it will soon be> 
come as impossible to withstand its resting 
waves as for Mrs. Malaprop to mop away 
the Atlantic. A welcome sign is already 
visible, which must do good to the heart of all 
interested in social reform. Hitherto many 
of our contemporaries dismissed with scant 
respect all questions of social reform, and 
allowed themselves (o be absorbed exclusively 
In political topics. A change has happily 
come over their spirit, and social reform is 
no more the subject under ban that it was 
previously regarded to be. The questions 
of raising the marriageable age of girls and 
the introduction of widow marriage have 
forced their way to the forefront, and claim a 
good deal of public attention at the present 
time. An influential organization has al- 
ready been set afoot in Bengal to take care 
of the first question and need is felt for 
another body to Interest itself in the second. 
We are sure that with the inauguration of a 
Widow Marriage Association in Bengal on 
the lines of similar organizations in Madras 
and Bombay, the cause will receive a fillip, 
which will greatly accelerate its progress." 



MISSIONS 



185 



Tlie Lost Month 

BHIS is the closing month 
of the fiscal year of the 
Societies. It will have 
to be a month of per- 
tinent budget raising 
and large giving if the 
year is to close without 
debt. There has been some advance 
pr oportionately during the recent 
monthi as compared with last year, 
K> far as tbe^ving of the churches is 
concemed. llie figures will be found 
in die financial statement on another 
page. But taken at the most favorable 
catimate, the giving of a single month 
muit greatly exceed that cf the pre- 
ceding eleven months in order to come 
out eren. We are still a long way from 
the systematic giving that will save us 
from such anxious conditions in these 
latt days of the year. 

Juit now the burden is upon pastors 
churches to see that the great 
noariooaiy work to which we are 
committed does not suffer. If by any 
chance your church has not taken its 
oSoii^ for missions, or done anything 
to meet its apportionment, will you not 
get under your share of the burden 7 
And do it now. 

Remember that the books close 
March 31. Church treasurers should 
keep u much this side of that date as 
powible, and every church should have 
sooie repre se ntation in the year's 
gffieriiiga. It is not too late to make an 
evoT^^icmber canvass yet. Let no 
dinrdi fail to do somediing. 



Lay Preaching 

OUT of the Laymen's Movement 
ought to come a large number of 
lay preachers. 

This is a power that the church needs 
to utilize. In England and Scotland 
there is a vast amount of evangelistic 
work done by these consecrated lay- 
men, who put their gifts to exercise in 
effective ways and give the gospel to 
thousands who otherwise would be de- 
prived of it. It is time that in this 
country we should call the laymen to 
this rewarding and self-developing task. 
The preaching places are waiting on 
every hand, and the people will always 
respond to this unofficial type of minis- 
try. The lay preacher has a peculiar 
influence with the masses. He has none 
of the artificial barriers to tear down 
that have been builded around the or- 
dained minister. He has the great 
advantage of being regarded as one of 
those to whom he is speaking. 

One reason why laymen are slow to 
respond to this kind of service is proba- 
bly that they make too much of tt in 
their minds. They are not expected 
or desired to equip themselves with 
commentaries and homiletic reviews 
and sermon helps and books of illustra- 
tions, and then set about manufacturing 
finished discourses — finished before 
ever delivered such ought to be. They 
are not to imitate the regular preacher, 
quite the contrary. What is wanted is 
a straightforward talk, from man to men, 
on things growing out of the daily ex- 
peiience and the observation and read- 



i86 



MISSIONS 



ing of an intelligent man who is alive 
to humanity and duty, and who shows 
his love to God by his helpfulness to 
his brother man. If the word "preach- 
ing'* is too formal and stiff, discard it 
Lay evangelism is what we want, simple 
but genuine, full of cheer not of cant, 
warm-hearted and brotherly. Men who 
can contribute this kind of service can 
live in a true and steady revival, for 
they will create and perpetuate it. 

These lay preachers in the cities 
could treble our city mission possibili- 
ties. In the country they could unlock 
the doors of scores of churches now 
closed because there is no pastor, and 
either not enough money to sustain 
one or not enough obtainable until grace 
shall open the pockets of members who 
have but do not give it. They could 
preach in schoolhouses in districts 
where there are no churches near. That 
striking article on Oldtown, Maine, in 
a recent number of Missions, showed 
impressively what a band of devoted 
laymen, with the co-operation of a mis- 
sionary-spirited pastor, could do to 
spread the gospel over a neighborhood. 
East and West there are numberless 
points that could be reached by the lay 
preacher, and that otherwise we cannot 
hope to reach. 

We do not mean that these lay preach- 
ers will give up their business to become 
ministers. Their strength will lie in 
large measure in the very fact that, 
while successful business men, they have 
a true perspective that will not allow 
them to give all their time and talent to 
the money-making side of life. Out of 
their business contacts will come in- 
spiration for plain talks. Their exam- 
ple will be a sermon in itself. Happy 
the pastor who shall develop a band of 
lay preachers in his church, for they will 
be his right-hand helpers, and he will 
be sure of sympathizers in his own work. 
Nothing will make a layman appreciate 
a sermon like attempting to preach one. 
And nothing will make him so loyal and 



happy as the sincere effort to bring the 
truth of God to the hearts of men. Let 
us cultivate the laymen for lay preaching. 
Perhaps they can help solve the Sunday- 
evening service problem. They cer- 
tainly can enlarge the field of missionary 
activity. 

(8) 

Time to CaU a Halt 

1r is exceedingly fortunate that there 
are witchful eyes in Washington, 
scanning every bill that is introduced. 
Otherwise the bill introduced and 
pushed forward with extreme quiet, 
granting 300,000 acres of land in New 
Mexico to the Roman Catholic bishop 
of that diocese for school and other 
purposes, to be held and so used by 
his church forever, would have slipped 
through. Now it cannot be passed 
without publicity and protest, and a 
protest so strong and unmistakable that 
the national legislators will be likely 
to heed it. The constant attempts to 
infringe upon our fundamental principle 
of the absolute separation of Church 
and State should make it clear that we 
are dealing with a persistent force, 
and one that ought to be squarely 
met and overthrown. 

This pernicious bill is in line with 
much that is being proposed by Roman 
Catholics at the present time. It seems 
as though they had determined to go 
into politics and try their strength. 
It is most unfortunate that such issues 
should be thrust upon the people. 
The charge of religious bigotry is sure 
to be hurled at those who are simply 
aiming to keep the State and Church 
separate, and to prevent a political 
organization from claiming toleration 
and rights on the ground of being a 
church. There must be no temporiz- 
ing, however, when religious liberty is 
at stake, or the principles of democracy. 

Just now the Catholic Congress, 
which met in Boston, has resolved to 
make another appeal for public funds 



MISSIONS 



187 



to be appropriated for the parochial 
schools, and this matter will have to be 
fou^t out again. But every time it 
comes up it must be met with a resolu- 
tion that will by and by satisfy the 
Catholics that only trouble and defeat 
lie in that way. 

Another attempt to interfere in state 
affairs is the bill introduced into the 
Massachusetts Legislature to refuse di- 
vorce on any ground whatever, thus 
putting the Roman Church authority 
above that of Jesus Christ himself. 
This bill was introduced at the instance 
of the archbishop, and advocated by a 
priest of much ability. The opposi- 
tion was voiced particularly by Judge 
Lummis, who based his argument on 
the ground that such a bill was in 
violation of the principle upon which 
the commonwealth and nation were 
founded, that of absolute separation of 
Church and State. 

e 

The Asbuiy Park Conference 

ELSEWHERE in this issue we give 
a report of the conference of lay- 
men and secretaries at Asbury Park. 
It was the first of its particular kind, so 
far as its make-up is concerned, but 
assuredly it will not be the last. It was 
a gathering concretely illustrating the 
new unity of our mission work. For 
two days the men who are entrusted 
with large responsibilities discussed 
matters of grave importance in the 
frankest manner. They knelt together 
in half-hour devotional sessions almost 
wholly given to prayer. They became 
acquainted with one another in a more 
intimate way than hitherto. And the 
result was unquestionably of great good 
to the men and to the cause they rep- 
resent. 

In such conferences new perspective 
is gained and wise plans are laid. It 
was most interesting to watch the 
progress of the discussions and note 



how open-minded the leaders were, how 
ready to change when their view was 
shown to be not the best, how quick to 
see the right solution when it appeared. 
The contact of mind with mind, the 
impact of widely different personalities, 
the almost invariable courtesy and 
brotherliness, made the days not only 
stimulating and enlightening, but 
delightful. It was the unanimous feel- 
ing that few days have been more 
profitably spent for the denomination 
and its missionary enterprises. 

® 

Mormonism in True Light 

THE more we know of Mormonism 
the more false and pernicious it 
is seen to be^ Its doctrines are nothing 
short of blasphemous and its practices 
are in defiance of its solemn pledges 
and the law of the land. When the 
Mormon leaders desired statehood for 
Utah, they were ready to issue the anti- 
polygamy manifesto of 1890, and to 
promise that this manifesto should never 
be violated. They were ready also to 
promise that Mormonism should re- 
frain from all interference in political 
affairs. How these pledges, by which 
Congress was tricked into granting 
statehood, have been shamelessly bro- 
ken, is shown in current magazine arti- 
cles. In Everybody Sy ex-United States 
Senator Frank J. Cannon, son of a 
former chief apostle of the Latter Day 
Saints and therefore able to speak from 
the inside, tells the story of broken 
faith. He also tells how the money 
interests have gotten a grip on the 
Church, and are using it to gain control 
of the political situation for their own 
selfish and monopolistic purposes. This 
exposure ought to open the eyes of the 
people to a situation fraught with peril 
to democracy and liberty. 

In a second article, in the February 
McClureSy the charge is made and sub- 
stantiated by many proofs that polygamy 



i88 



MISSIONS 



is by no means an abandoned doctrine 
or practice of the Mormon Church. If 
the writer is correct, the common state- 
ment that polygamy is dead because 
the younger generation will not tolerate 
it must be taken with much allowance. 
Indeed, he believes that on sentimental 
grounds of belief in the earlier revela- 
tions sanctioning polygamy the young 
women of today bom and bred in Mor- 
mondom are more fanatical and readier 
to accept the practice than their mothers 
were. He declares that there has been 
a revival of polygamy, although the facts 
are denied by the Mormon heads, and 
every effort is made to conceal the truth. 
It is felt, however, that the federal 
government cannot interfere in a state's 
domestic affairs; and as for broken 
faith, it is always easy to secure a divine 
revelation when one is required to fit 
a certain case. It is tacitly recognized 
that the Woodruff decree, although 
perhaps of divine origin, was but a 
temporary departure from the more 
authoritative voice which spoke through 
Joseph Smith and Brigham Young. 
In the revelation of the present 



situation the Salt Lake Tribune has 
rendered large service to the nauon and 
its own state, and it does not purpose to 
give up the effort to free Utah from 
Mormon control. The more than two 
hundred cases of new polygamous 
marriages definitely known, including 
the high officials of the Church, are 
sufficient to keep polygamy alive for 
more than another generation. The 
Church, moreover, honors and promotes 
the polygamists. One of the recent 
developments is the establishment of 
polygamous cities of refuge in the 
northern part of the Republic of Mexico, 
where the Mormons have a most 
flourishing colony, owning over 300,000 
acres of land. There they venture to 
practice polj^amy openly, and unless 
President Diaz puts his "benevolent 
hand" upon them, he will presently 
have a problem to deal vrith more diffi- 
cult than revolutionists. Meanwhile, 
a federal law prohibiting polygamy is 
the one thing feared by the Mormons, 
and the one thing that can cut out this 
cancerous and deadly growth from our 
body politic. 



Q 



Note and Comment 



ISSIONS this month takes 
you first to Africa, in 
company with the Sudan 
and Congo Commission, 

and under the - direct 
guidance of Dr. 



nd his fine 

i the first of 3 



This 
s of 



n fields vividly 
before our readers. When we see how people 
live in the mining regions of Pennsylvania, 
in our own enlightened United States, we are 
not sure that an African hut is the worst 
place in which to live, or that the wild jungle 



is worse than the human jungle. The gospel 
is needed in both places, that is sure. The 
range of interest is wide as usual, ctivering 
the conference in the Philippines and the 
wanderings of a veteran colporter in the 
West, Dr. Anthony in Burma, the Baptist 
Laymen's Movement and the Women's 
Jubilee meetings, with a wealth of infonna* 
tion from all pans of the world. Look out 
for some new features next month, and for 
Dr. Sale's second article an Potto Rico. 
^ We made a mistake in suggesting that the 
new subscribers would be able to b^^i widi 
the January numt>er, for the demand ww so 



MISSIONS 



189 



the Januaiy Issue was speedily 
and although we increased the 
issue by several thousand, that 
U fall short also of the incoming 
send the subscription along. We 
> it that we have enough of the 
nber. We must make that fifty 
mark before the Philadelphia 

id as though a concatenation of 
ees worked against us in getting 
bfuary number. We shall, how- 
t promptness if it is within possi- 
anwhile our readers are not half 
wer delays as we are. 

e asks whether indifference is ever 
e should ask, in reply, whether 
Sy when it comes to religion and 
f Christ, is ever anything else than 
iquestionably indifference is one 
itest foes to progress which the 
hurch has to deal with today. 

lor of a new book of fiction says 
rharacters whom he is describing 
would have been equally horrified 
xd the Christian religion doubted, 
seen it practised." The sentence 
^t one neatly turned; but think 
I see if there is not a good deal in 
f reflection. 

(rent, head of I^rotestant Episcopal 
die Philippines, wishes a change 
trdi name. He says the word 
t" means something as unworthy 
rable to the Filipino as Anarchist 
uld signify to our people, hence is 
ock to progress. We have not 
I our missionaries that they ex- 
ouble from this source; andcer- 
i must be a clear distinction be- 
estant and Catholic, if the truth 
its way. The Filipinos will come 
lat Protestant really means when 
ad such men as Bishop Brent and 
hristian missionaries among them 
of years. These Protestants can 
racter and meaning to any name. 

' China is seeking to repress the 
fie as one essential to national 
nd in this effort all lovers of 
ihould sympathize. What more 
o missionary effort than that the 
ince should be found in Christian 



England, that introduced the deadly drug 
into China, and now does not favor its 
banishment because of commercial injuries 
that might result to her colonies and mer- 
chants ? It is characteristic of the times that 
the Chinese recognize the help to be derived 
from teaching the young men to follow those 
methods of athletic training common among 
us, which require habits of temperance and 
abstinence. Happily, they also differentiate 
the missionaries from the money-making 
foreigners. But unchristian acts of Christian 
nations make Christianity's path rocky. 

^ Two men mean a different thing when 
they use the familiar word "prayer." The 
significance of the word to each will be 
measured by his experience. Just as there 
are men and men, so there are prayers and 
prayers. That was a profound remark of 
Mr. Gladstone that real prayer — com* 
munion of the finite with the infinite — is the 
highest exercise of the human faculties, 
demanding a sustained concentration and 
attention not called for by any other mental 
effort. Prayer of the kind the great English 
commoner had in mind and knew by ex- 
perience is a draft upon the infinite spiritual 
resources. More experience of it would 
' mean more vital religion. 

^ The organization of commercial travelers 
known as the "Gideons" has placed over 
sixty thousand Bibles in hotel bedrooms in 
the United States and Canada. A pleasant 
feature in connection with this distribution 
is the encouragement given to the plan by 
the proprietors. One hotel owner west of 
the Mississippi said his electric light bill 
doubled after the Bibles were put in the 
bedrooms, but he didn't care, and would as 
soon have the bill get bigger yet if Bible 
reading was responsible for the increase. 
The "Gideons" represent a specific type of 
laymen's movement, of great practical 
benefit and blessing. 

^ A new race journal, called The Crisis, is to 
be published monthiy in New York by the 
National Association for the Advancement 
of Colored People. Dr. W. E. B. DuBois is 
the editor. In the opening announcement of 
the first number the editor says: "Its edi- 
torial page will stand for the rights of man, 
irrespective of color or race, for the highest 
ideals of American democracy, and for 
reasonable but earnest and persistent attempt 



190 



MISSIONS 



to gain these rights and realize these ideals. 
The magazine will be the organ of no clique 
or party and will avoid personal rancor of all 
sorts. In the absence of proof to the con- 
trary, it will assume honesty of purpose on 
the part of all men, North and South, white 
and black." There is room for such a maga- 
zine, properly conducted, and we wish it 



success. 



% The acceptance of the call to the Fifth 
Avenue Presbyterian pulpit in New York 
by Rev. J. H. Jowett of Manchester, by 
many regarded as the foremost living English 
preacher, will add strength to the Christian 
forces in the metropolis. Three times the 
call was extended before the minister was 
constrained to accept; and he was besought 
on all sides in his own country to remain 
there. His spirit is shown in his letter to the 
church, in which he said that the stipend 
offered (|i 2,000 and a parsonage) was much 
more than he should need, and he hoped 
they would adjust it to the equivalent of his 
stipend in Manchester ({5,000). He had been 
cruelly wounded by the statement that it was 
the larger salaiy that won him. But those 
who know the man and his spiritual power 
and devotion will not misjudge his motives, 
and we shall all rejoice in his coming. John 
Hall's pulpit will sound the strong evangelical 
note through his preaching. 

^ Over three hundred and fifty men at the 
banquet in the Highland Church of Spring- 
field — that was the splendid record of the 
Laymen's Meeting on Friday, February 10. 
Such a meeting had not been held in the city 
before. As the editor of Missions was 
present, he will reserve a description until 
the next number. It is plain that such 
gatherings of Baptist men for a specific 
purpose must result in immeasurable gain for 
all the interests of the church and the wider 
Kingdom. 

^ It is doubtful whether a more vivid de- 
scription has ever been written of the growth 
of a dogma like that of the Virgin Mary and 
the Immaculate Conception in the Catholic 
Church than that by Israel Zangwill in "The 
Carpenter's Wife," in his new volume en- 
titled 'Italian Fantasies." Nor can one find 
a more striking contrast between the simple 
truth of history and the mariolatry that has 
been substituted for it by the priesthood. 
The reader will agree that this is a very 



unusual piece of writing, while it is not 
necessary to agree altogether with the 
picture of Joseph and Mary. 

^The Black Hand in this country has re- 
ceived a severe blow through the recent dem- 
onstration by the police under a real head 
detecrive who knows how to detect, that kid- 
nappers and dynamite depredators can be 
detected and punished to the limit of the law. 
A valuable accession to the Italian reforma- 
tion party has come in the person of an 
Italian duke, of ancient and royal family, 
who has discarded his titles and become a 
plain American cidzen. A teacher by day, 
he devotes his spare rime to the Americaniza- 
tion of his fellow countrymen, and proposes to 
establish an immigrant board that shall 
look after all Italian immigrants, teach them 
the duties of citizenship and the laws con- 
cerning crime and deportation. No work 
is more needed, and we trust that Professor 
Pugliatd will be able to accomplish his 
admirable purpose. 

^ Chrisdan Endeavor has been celebradng 
its thirtieth birthday, which came on Feb- 
ruary 2. A review of young people's develop- 
ment and service in the churches during the 
thirty years shows how much this inidal 
movement has meant and still means. The 
Endeavor societies girdle the globe and are 
found in all mission lands and among all 
peoples. The young people trained in this 
and kindred organizations, which are an 
integral part of the local church, have fur- 
nished the consdtuencies for the missionary 
and other movements of recent date. The 
church has been a different place since she 
discovered her young people and her young 
people discovered themselves as having work 
to do and a religion to live. Every wise 
church will foster its young people's work, 
and keep it centered in the spiritual forces. 
We believe no young people's society will 
ever succeed and persist that does not found 
itself in the prayer meeting and in individual 
witness and work. In this lies the secret of 
Christian Endeavor, no matter what number 
of spokes radiate from the prayer-meedng 
hub. We rejoice that the young people of all 
names are alive today with the missionary 
spirit. 

^ The best selling book in Syria today is the 
Arabic Bible, according to a veteran mis- 
sionary. 



: MISS IONS 



A Significant Missionary Conference 



BY F. W. PADELFORD, D.D. 



SECRETARY MASSACHUSETTS BAPTIST 



CONFERENCE of much 
significance was recently held 
in the interest of the Baptist 
Laymen's Missionaiy Move- 
ment and the General Appor- 
tionment Plan. Secretary 
Stackhouse met many of his 
workcis and outlined his plans. The Con- 
ference will give marked impetus to the 
Laymen's Movement already under way, 
ibould hdp in the solution of some of 
our denominadcoial problems, and be pro- 
ductive of better undeistanding and much 
greater efficiency in our dcnominatianal work. 
The Onference was held in Atbuiy Park, 
New Jtatf, Fcbniaiy l, 3. It brought 
together foiW men, representing the Baptist 
Laymoi'i Missionaiy Movement, the For- 
ward Movement and the General Appor- 
nonmcnt Coiiimittcc, including laymen, 
tecreuries of misnonaiy societies, district 
■ecretaiies, state secretaries, missionaries 
and editors. Five sessions were held, be- 
ginning Thursday altemoon and closing 
Friday evening. The endre time was given 
CO serious discussion of some of the most 
important prt^Iems which are fadng the 



The leadii^ personalis of the Conference 
was Dr. W. T. Stackhouse, the new Secre- 
uiy of the Baptist Laymen's Missionaiy 
Morancnt. He came fresh from his great 
triiun]^ in leading the laymen of Canada in 
their great forward morcmenl. He re- 
hearsed some of his successes in Canada, 
outlined some of his plans in detail and 
suggested others. He made an indelible 
impressioa upcm every member of the Con- 
ference that God has sent to us just the 
[i^t man to lead the Baptist laymen of 
Atnerica in a great movement. Tliere can 
be no possible failure under his leadership. 
Success is assured. 

The Conference organized on Thursday 
afternoon, with Momay Williams, Esq., of 



New York, as chairman, and Frank W. 
Padelford, of Boston, as secretary. The 
arrangements of the sessions were placed in 
the hands of a business committee, of which 
Rev. A. L. Snell, the new District Secretaty 
for New York, was chairman. The after- 
noon and evening sessions were taken by 
Dr. Stackhouse in laying out his plans of 
campaign and in answering questions. 
He assured the Conference that he had come 
to the United States in the spirit of optimism, 
because of what he had seen in Canada. 
Conditions could not have been more dis* 
couraging than they were .when he began 
there. During the first two years of the 
Canadian campaign, 130,000 Baptists in- 
creased their gifts to missioiu by f 55,00a, and 
during the third year 55,000 Bapdsts in 
Ontario increased their giving over the 
second year by $60,000, "What has been 
done in Canada can be outdone in die 
States." 

The plan is to hold a series of denomi- 
national conferences in strategic points 
throughout the country, and from these 
centers reach our entire constituency. So 
far, the conferences have been held largely in 
western New York, and that section has been 
thoroughly worked. Conferences have been 
held in Rochester, Buffalo, Syracuse, Utica, 
Auburn and Oswego. Conferences had 
been arranged for Fall River, Springfield, 
Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven and so 
on toward the West, up to the last of June. 
In connection with these distinctly denomi- 
national conferences, the secretary is also 
following up the Interdenominauonal Lay- 
men's Movement through members of his 
own staff. 

Dr. Stackhouse has no apology for this 
movement or any of its plans. He has tried 
it in every kind of a church and it has suc- 
ceeded. He has three strong convictions: 
(i) that every member of every church ought 
to be interested in missions^ (i) that every 
church ought to have a missionary c< 



192 



MISSIONS 



(3) that the church that gives to missions will 
receive the largest blessing locally. Dr. 
Stackhouse's objective may be summed up 
as follows: (i) a missionary committee in 
every church; (2) a canvass of every member 
for missionary giving; (3) weekly giving for 
missions; (4) a minimum standard of ten 
cents per member per weeic for missions. He 
does not depend upon conferences to secure 
results. These are held simply to arouse 
interest. This is a stimulus for a follow-up 
campaign under the direction of a member 
of his staff, to reach every man in every 
Baptist congregation in the vicinity. Such 
plans as these cannot fail to return large re- 
sults, for in the words of Momay Williams, 
"the thing we are after in this work is not 
more money, but bigger men." Discussion 
of these plans aroused the keenest interest 
and lasted well on into the night. 

The sessions of Friday were devoted to a 
discussion of some of the burning questions 
relating to the apportionments and the plans 
of the Forward Movement. These ques- 
tions were discussed very frankly and openly. 
It was recognized that some changes should 
be made if the apportionment plan is to 
retain the sympathy and interest of the 
churches. Secretary Moore, of the Appor- 
tionment Committee, presented a plan of 
apportionment which that committee is con- 
sidering. It was discussed most fully, and 
in a somewhat modified form received the 
hearty approval of the Conference. The 
character and significance of the proposals 
will be made clear in the next bulletin issued 
by the Apportionment Committee. Other 
important questions relating to the budget 
also came up for consideration, especially 
the relation of the State Conventions and 
other local interests to the national appor- 
tionments. Most significant and far reach- 
ing recommendations were made, which can 
be best understood from the following reso- 
lutions which were adopted: 

AN INCLUSIVE APPORTIONMENT AND EARLY 
ANNOUNCEMENT 

Resolved^ That it is the sense of this body 
that the State Apportionment Committee 
should include in the apportionments to the 
churches the amounts needed by their respec- 
tive State Mission and Educational Conven- 
tions or Boards and the City Mission Socie- 
ties or Associational Missionary Committees, 
when such exist within their states. 



RisoiveJ, That we approve the issuance of 
the entire budget to the churches in each 
state as early in April as possible, and the 
reissuance of the budget by the state com- 
mittee at such time in the fall as best suits all 
interests in the state, and that we uige all 
national, state and city officials to cooperate 
as heartily as possible during the entire year, 
for the success of the entire national, state 
and city budget. 

The adoption of these resolutions by the 
Northern Baptist Convention would provide 
adequately for all the local denominational 
objects, some of which have suffered here- 
tofore by reason of the national apportion- 
ments. Hereafter national officials should 
have a keen interest in assisting to raise the 
state budget, and the state officials should 
be equally keen to help in raising the national 
budget. 

THE WIDE SCOPE OF THE BAPTIST LATMBN's 

MOVEMENT 

A further resolution was adopted for the 
purpose of calling national attention to the 
real character of the Laymen's Movement, 
and the purpose of Dr. Stackhouse, and 
thus clearing up a question much misunder- 
stood. 

Resoltedy That we heartily approve of the 
policy as announced by the Secretary of the 
Baptist Laymen's Missionary Movement, of 
including all the Baptist missionary and 
educational interests, national, state, city 
and local, in the scope of the movement, and 
of urging all the secretaries of said interests 
to cooperate in the laymen's campaign so 
far as their duties and opportunities 
permit. 

When these resolutions are carefully 
studied, it will be apparent how significant 
were these discussions, and how far reaching 
the action of the Conference may become if 
its recommendations are adopted. It pre- 
sages new things for our denomination. 

The report of this Conference would not 
be complete if mention were not made of the 
fact that one-half hour was set apart in the 
middle of each session for prayer. Inspired 
perhaps by the experience which several had 
had in the great Conference at Edinburgh, we 
stopped our discussions in the midst of each 
session, sometimes at critical points, and on 
our knees laid the whole matter before God. 
These half hours will be remembered as the 
best feature of the Conference. 



MISSIONS 



193 



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SOMEN'S WORK IN MISSIONS 

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ten's Jubilee Meetings in Washington 



BY HARRIETT STRATTON ELLIS 



BOMB 8BCRBTARY WOMAN 8 BAPTIST FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOOETY 



|FTER the two days of Jubilee 
meetings held in the capital 
city, February 2, 3, it cannot 
be said of the women of Wash- 
ington that the people perish 
without a vision! It does not 
seem possible that a series of 
meetings could have been 
id with more care, foresight and fore- 
it or with more skillfid providings 
t all emergencies. Precision^ punctu- 
perfection plus a deep realizadon of 
unity, of vital dependence on God, a 
i desire to submit all to the guidance 
xitrol of the Master in whose name 
»r whose glory the Jubilee was held, 
teriied every session. No one was 
»i: diere were meetings for the women 
lire and for the busy women; for the 
prb and students; for nurses and 
1; for colored people and for children. 
oiild be impossible to say which meet- 
M die greatest, for they were individu- 
id distincdvely great. Every one at- 
g any or all of the conferences seemed 
conscious of the opportunity, and 
that it be conserved and consecrated 
higliest and best. The hour of prayer 
leiywbere emphasized and the answer 
rer everjrwhere recognized by all in 
frit of devotion, reverence and deep 
ty that breathed through all that was 
'done. 

Thursday afternoon we were received 
White House by President and Mrs. 
After that came the laige meedng for 
pib and students, i,20o of whom 
td in the Masonic Temple. This 
M of the most effective meetings 
e of die opportunity to reach those so 



greatly coveted for the work of missions. 
It was deeply gratifying to see the absolute 
attendon and involuntary responsiveness of 
the young women as they listened to the 
facts concerning the needs of the fields as 
presented by missionaries and workers. 
Their singing of "O Zion haste, thy mission 
high fulfilling," was electrifying, and through 
all and above all there seemed to sound a 
note of glad accord and willing submission 
to the obligadon upon them as educated 
Chrisdan western young women. 

On Friday morning the Baptist rally was 
held in Calvary Church. Mrs. Peabody, 
Mrs. Montgomery, Miss Suman, Miss 
Grace of the Southern Bapdst Convendon, 
and the writer spoke. The church was filled. 
We went from there to a hotel where 800 
women sat down to lunch. Among the 
speakers were Mrs. Montgomery, Mrs. Pea- 
body, Dr. Noble and others. From there we 
went to a special meedng arranged for 
nurses and doctors in one of the beaudful 
homes, and at five o'clock went to an elegant 
recepdon in one of Washington's finest 
residences. 

The mass meedng in the evening was a 
fitdng climax. I neVer attended a more 
dignified, reverendal service. It was held 
in the beaudful new D.A.R. Hall. The 
music was inspiring, and the whole meedng 
ftiU of the power of the Spirit. One said, 
"We'll have to work hard to come up to 
Washington," which reached the highest 
mark of all so far. 

It was a rich privilege to have had a 
share in such a gathering. Throughout the 
endre series of meedngs and conferences the 
very hi^est and purest ideals were pre- 
sented and made so appealing and so evi- 



MISSIONS 



11 of the Master 
asonable service, 
delightful. The 
58 worthy of the 
endowment and 
orld-wide vision 
1 and world-wide 
ing away of old 
oing as occasion 
iT than as time- 
t may suggest, 

and God's all 
icible power of 
ese were uttered 
le noble-hearted 

meetings closed 
1 in no near day 
meeting lose the 
ung so perfectly 
;, "Open mine 
/ine," nor forget 
heir own hearts 



as with bowed heads the gre^t audience 
waited silently before the throne of the 
Lamb, to whom be given praise and thanks- 
giving for such a Jubilee. 

Reports from the meetings in Baltimore 
state that fifteen hundred women sat down 
at the banquet there, and the height of en- 
thusiasm was reached. As at all other points, 
Mrs. Montgomery's addresses made a deep 
impression, and our Baptist women were in 
the forefront. Reports also come from 
Washington that the women there under- 
took to raise 1 10,000 at the Baptist Rally, 
and that this sum would doubtless be raised 
by the Baptist women. 

Following the February meetings in Phila- 
delphia, Pittsburg, and Buffalo, the list made 
out is as follows: Albany and Troy, March 
2, 3; Springfield, March 6, 7; New Haven, 
March 8, 9; Providence, March 10, 11; 
Boston, March 14, 15; Portland, March 16, 
17; New York, April 4, 5, 6. 




^he June Meetings 

lEV. HOWARD WAYNE SMITH 

PHILADELPHIA COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS 



ists all over the 
I upon the city 
5e the scene next 
igs ever held in 
less all plans and 
great a company 
orkers been as- 
;ion and earnest 
The Northern 
)me to its own. 
mch to the front 
igton, Oklahoma 
needs but a few 
^resident Emory 
versity calls the 
le 13 he will face 
rho will be fully 
ties and oppor- 
T a mob nor a 
itude of earnest 
1 to grapple with 
tional, evangelis- 



tic and spiritual themes which will be pro- 
posed for discussion. There were over 
three thousand in Chicago in 1910. Phila- 
delphia in 191 1 waits to welcome five 
thousand. Previous conventions have been 
west of the Alleghenies; this, the first in the 
east, will surely rally a larger number. No 
pastor, no Sunday-school worker, no young 
people's leader can afford to miss the sdmu- 
lus of such a gathering. 

But Northern Baptists are only a segment 
of the denomination in America. A great 
host live in the South, and while the Southern 
Baptist Convention holds its May meedng 
in Jacksonville, Florida, and the brethren 
in Canada will be found in their provincial 
conclaves as usual, numbers of these will also 
journey to Philadelphia for the General 
Convention of the Baptists of North America 
on June 19. 

One session of this body will be a fitring 
prelude to the Baptist Worid's Alliance, the 



MISSIONS 



»95 



crowning assembly of the series to be in 
session from June 19 to 25. 

Baptists are making giant strides in the 
world. Nowhere is progress more marked 
dian on the Condnent of Europe. In 
Russia and Hungary, where formerly perse- 
cudon was sufFered, immense gains have 
lately been made. One hundred delegates 
from these countries, with another five hun- 
dred from Great Britain, and others from 
Australia and the regions beyond, will join 
Canadians and Americans for a week of un- 
usual opportunity. England's indomitable 
£>r. John Clifford is the President of the 
Alliance, with the ingenious and versatile 
J. H. Shakespeare, M.A., as Secretary. 
Such topics as "The Sufficiency of the 
Gospel," "The Vital Experience of God," 
"The Chrisdanizing of the Worid," "The 
Spirit of Brotherhood," "The Church and 
Educadon," "The Church and Individual- 
ism," " Bapdsts and the Coming Kingdom," 
will be presented by speakers selected from 
every coiner of the globe. Rev. Thomas 
Phillips of London, England, will preach the 
AUiance Sermon. 

A special program for use by churches and 
Sunday schools everywhere is being prepared 
for Alliance Sunday, June 25. Altogether 
this will be a splendid occasion for the realiza- 
tion of Baptist world consciousness. 

The Philadelphia Committee, of which the 
writer is chairman, has been actively at work 
on the preparadons for the meedngs for 
months. We expect great things. The 
"City of Brotherly Love" offers a wide open 
hospitality. We shall be disappointed if 
it is not taxed to the uttermost. Brethren, 
come on; our hands, our homes, our hearts 
are yours, for Christ and His Church. 

A Supplementary Note 
We are glad to announce that the Baptist 
Temple, Rev. Russell H. Conwell, D.D., 
pastor, has been secured for the meetings of 
the Northern Baptist Convention, the 
General Convendon of the Baptists of North 
America, and the Baptist World Alliance in 
June, 191 1. Temple University, which ad- 
joins the church, has also been secured. The 
trustees of both these institutions have ten- 
dered the use of these buildings. The church 
has a searing capacity of thirty-two hundred. 
The new^fifteen-thousand-dollar pipe organ 
will^be completed in ample dme for these 



gatherings. The Lower Temple has ample 
accommodadons for the bureau of registra- 
don, post office, retiring room, committee 
rooms, bureau of information, etc. In case 
more room is needed, the rooms of the 
Temple University can be used. Also in 
case it is thought advisable to hold simul- 
taneous meetings, the Temple Forum can be 
used. In case additional accommodation is 
needed, the Memorial and Gethsemane 
Baptist churches are within easy reach. The 
Gymnasium of Temple University will afford 
sufficient space to have a fine missionary 
exhibit. 

The address of welcome to the Northern 
Baptist Convention will be delivered by 
J. Henry Haslam, D.D.; the address of 
welcome to the Baptist World Alliance by 
George Hooper Ferris, D.D. 

J. MiLNOR Wilbur, 
Chairman Publicity Committee. 

State Convention Notes 

^ The New Jersey State Convention has a 
iioo,ooo church edifice fund among its proj- 
ects, and the Bulletin says that Rev. Bimey 
S. Hudson of Atlantic City will be given time 
by his church to make a campaign for the 
money. 

1! When Dr. Homer J. Vosburgh left Cah'- 
fomia to become pastor of the North Church 
in Camden, N.J., the California State Con- 
vention lost its president, as the Coast did 
one of its foremost ministers and citizens. 
He will find warm welcome in New Jersey. 

^ The State B.Y.P.U. in Colorado has pro- 
posed to cooperate with the State Convention 
and raise funds in the unions to support a 
missionary for work in destitute parts of the 
State. The Convention Board has enthu- 
siastically welcomed such cooperation, and 
believes a new and far-reaching movement 
may result. Certainly the young people 
could not do better, and a definite objective 
would inspire them to effort. 

^ Colorado is to be congratulated upon the 
choice of Rev. W. C. King as Corresponding 
Secretary and Cieneral Missionary of the 
State Convention. In South Dakota, Mr. 
King made a record for efficient service, and 
he will not fail to carry forward the work in 
Colorado. 



196 MISSIONS 

Missionary Program Topics for 1911* 

January. Our Work among Foreign Populations. 

February. OuR WoRK FOR Mexicans and Indians. 

March. The Western States: Status and Outlook. 

AfriL The World's King and How He Conquers. 

May, Colporter Work, 

June. Our Denominational Power and Obligations. 

(Meetings in Philadelphia.) 

July. Our Obligations to Porto Rico and Philippines. 

August. State Convention Work. 

September. Reports from China. 

October. Reports from India. 

November. Trials and Triumphs in Europe. 

December. African Missions. 

'^ These topkt are uniform with those selected for the Northern Baptist Convention by Dr. A. S. Hobait, 
appointed to make a program series for the churches. 

o 

The World's King and How He Conquers 

program for missionary meeting for APRIL 

1. Hymn: "Fling out the Banner." 

2. Scripture Reading: Micah iv. i-8; Ps. Ixxii. 

3. Hymn: "Christ for the World." 

4. Prayer. For conquest among all peoples, with thanksgiving for conquests already 

achieved. 

5. Hymn: "The Son of God goes forth to war." 

6. Three minute talks or papers on: 

{a) Growing recognition of Christ as Lord and Teacher, rightful Ruler among all 

conditions of men. (Workingmen, Socialists, Freethinkers, liberal Jews, all 

claim Jesus as Teacher.) 
{b) How Christ has conquered in the European nations. 
{c) How Christ has conquered in North America. (Our civilization and liberties; 

our missionary work among Indians and Negroes, etc.) 
(</) How Christ has conquered in non-Christian lands. (Take the Telugu 

Mission as one illustration.) 
{e) The Christ conquest yet to be made at home and abroad. (Not only in 

mission fields, but in all communities, even in the churches.) 

7. Hymn: "The morning light is breaking." 

8. Brief survey by the pastor of the mission opportunities and obligations. 

(Why this should be the day of unexampled victories.) 

9. Pointed illustrations of conquest drawn from incidents and items in 

Missions. (A number participating.) 
10. Closing Prayer and Hymn. 

Note. Material to Uluttrate this subject at here laid out can be found in abundance in the file of 
Missions. The present number it full of news of conquest in all parts of the world. Send to the Foreign 
Mission Society for the new booklet on Burma, as one field of conquest; to the Home Society for Frontier 
Sketches; to the Publication Society for Chapel Car incidents. 

Another method of treatment most interesting, where a live committee will give time to work it up, it to 
have a Conquest Conversation between six or seven persons seated around a center table on the platfonn. 
They can discuss the subject, quoting the news and facts they have gathered to show that Christ it tuitly 
conquering in all parts of the world. 



MISSIONS 



«97 



From all Sources 
A widespread revival movement is re- 
ported in Livingstonia, Africa. Pentecostal 
scenes are described, and the missionaries 
are greatly encouraged. Tliis is the field 
of the Scotch United Free Church. 

A Presbyterian missionary in Korea says 
that coumiy is overrun with teachers of 
fabe doctrines and eveiy kind of ism, so that 
the poor Koreans are distracted. Mean- 
while the Christians in Japan are seeking 
to enter into close relations with those in 
Korea, since the annexation, and the results 
will undoubtedly be helpful. 

The Chinese SluJmli' Monthly says the 
Chinese in Sacramento have destroyed their 
idols and changed their temple into a school- 
house. A similar change has been effected 
in New York, and a Chinese Christian 
church has also been organized there, with 
a settled pastor. Chinese change is not all 
in China. 

The German Evangelical Association of 
this country has decided to undertake 
evangelistic work in Russia, placing the 
Gm missionary in Riga. The Methodist 
Episcopal Church has a mission in St. 
Petersburg. When religious liberty is really 
granted in Russia there will be an inrushing 
tniuionary force. The Baptists, however, 
seem to appeal most strongly to the Russians, 
and the present remarkable work goes on as 
though it were spontaneous. 

Forty thousand priests are paid by the 
state in Spain, and the government supports 
a sdll larger number of monks and nuns. 
The task of making Spain religiously free 
is still 3 difficult one, but a breach has been 
made in the cccletiasdcal walls. 



The Republic of Portugal, while not sail- 
ing steadily as yet, has instituted decided 
reforms, such as the establishment of pri< 
mary schools, asylums and hospitals, and 
providing help for needy children and 
protection for matemi^ and childhood. 
The features of modem clvilizatiim which 
Portugal lacks afford a sufficient commen- 
tary upon the character of that ecclesiastical 
rule which we are told would be so beneficial 
to this country. 

As a result of revivals in China, Dr. 
Arthur H. Smith says that while in February 
last only one of a graduating class of fourteen 
was willing to study theology, a few month) 
later seventy-nine students pledged them- 
selves to preach. In another institution 
eighty studends voluntarily offered themselves 
for the ministry. This seems to be a provi- 
dential preparation for the new era in China. 
The Missionary Rrvinu for February con- 
tained an excellent sketch of Dr. Clough 
and his work from the pen of Dr. Mabie. 
The cover illustration is of the Ongole 
Sunday school. 

Three Y. M. C. A. buildings, built with 
funds furnished by John Wanamaker, will 
soon be completed in the Orient; one in 
Seoul, the old Korean capital, one in Kyoto, 
Japan, and the third in Peking. Two 
others, in Calcutta and Madras, respectively, 
stand to his credit. An agricultural fatm 
near Allahabad, India, is another of this 
millionaire merchant's projects. 

The Presbyterian Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions has opened a new mission at Kerman- 
shah, a city of 45,000 people situated on the 
caravan road from Bagdad to Persia. The 
Kermaruhah ruga have made the name b- 



iS(8 



MISSIONS 



miliar to many. The city is cosmopolitan, 
and willing to hear the Christian missionaries, 
although Islam is the prevailing faith. 

From recent reports it would seem as 
though athletics would have more to do 
with removing the Chinese queue than any 
sort of conviction. No sooner do the Chinese 
athletes discover that the queue is an obstacle 
to the highest success than they put away 
the tail and the ancient custom. In the 
clippings from the Oriental press there is 
an interesting account of this change. 

C That England should not be willing to sec- 
ond China in her efforts to suppress the 
opium 'evil is a shameful illustration of the 
dominance of greed over creed. But in our 
commercial dealings with the far East we 
are not so perfect as safely to throw stones 
at our neighbor's house. The nominally 
Christian nations make the work of the 
Christian missionary who goes out from 
them exceedingly hard oftentimes. 

According to the latest reliable statistics 
there are 1959905 Christian communicants 
in China, and a Christian community of 
about 280,000. The ninety different mis- 
sionaiy societies at work in the Empire have 
4,299 foreign workers and 11,661 Chinese 
workers. There are 670 missions and 
3,485 out-stations. Since the Boxer up- 
rising there has been steady growth. 

Dr. Solomon Schechter, of the Jewish 
Theological Seminary in New York, has 
discovered, in the "Hiding Place" under 
the ruins of one of the most ancient syna- 
gogues in the world, a manuscript of great 
interest. According to Dr. Margouliouth 
of the British Museum, it dates back to the 
second half of the first centuiy of the Chris- 
tian era (70 A.D.), and perhaps antedates 
the Gospel of Mark. It speaks of two 
Messiahs, one a forerunner whom he identi- 
fies with John the Baptist, and the second, 
the "Teacher or Righteousness," "The 
Unique," with Jesus. If this interpretation 
is correct, a Christian document has been 
found revealing something of the character 
and teaching of an early Christian sect, 
holding closely to Jewish rites, possibly that 
sect headed by Peter and James. It is 
significant that the first principle stated in 
the first fragment published is "to raise 
their offerings according to their interpreta- 



tion," and the second ''tio love eveij obe 
his neighbor as himself, and to fl'^^g|tffl* 
the hand of the poor and the needf and die 
stranger, and to seek evenr one the pcaee 
of his neighbor." It •houM be said tbitt Dr. 
Schechter does not share Dr. Meigonlionlh't 
opinion, but regards the docomenr m an 
account of the beliefs of a band of Jewa who 
broke away from the main idigMiia body 
about 290 B.C., and founded a cok with be- 
lief in some kind of Messiah. The fellowen 
of this faith were ready to accept the teach- 
ings of Jesus when He came. 

Paris is not merely "gay." The city 
sends to the seaside during the summer from 
its schools the children who are feeble for 
a month's outing. Every ytzr the City 
Council votes a handsome sum of money to 
pay for the management of school vacation 
trips into the country, and an important 
system of school camps and colonies has been 
established for the children of the working 
people. 

The Congregational Church Building 
Society in 19 10 received ^265,955. The 
donauons from churches exceeded those of 
1909 by several thousand dollars. This 
total put into church edifices in newly settling 
sections of the West explains the solid growth 
of the Congregational denomination there. 
Our Baptist Church Edifice Fund should be 
more than double its present amount if we 
are to keep pace, not with other denomi- 
nations, but with the natural demands of 
our fields. 

A procession of six hundred widows at the 
funeral of Chulalongkom, the late king of 
Siam, indicates that there is still room for 
reform and for the principles of Christianity 
in that country. But a nation that permits 
polygamy in Utah as a phase of a religious 
system and that is now engaged in wholesale 
divorce will be slow to point the finger at 
Siam. 

The Congregational churches gave ^5,000 
for ministerial relief in 1910, f 10,000 more 
than the year preceding. The permanent 
investments of the Board of Ministerial 
Relief now amount to {203,500. More is 
being paid to the veterans than ever before. 
How about that million-doUar fond for 
Baptist ministerial relief? 



MISSIONS 



CONDUCTED BY SECRETARY JOHN M. MOORE 



A Stewardship Census of Baptist 
Churches 

THE Fofward Movement, to which the 
Northern Baptist Convention at its 
meeting in Oklahoma City entrusted the 
work of promoting Christian Stewardship, 
haa planned a very simple and praaical 
&e«ardihip campaign for April, the first 
month of die missionary fiscal year. Four 
bright, brief leaflets are being prepared for 
distribution on the lint four Sundays of 
April. For the fifth Sunday a blank is sup- 
plied, containing the following four options: 

I. My practice is to give at least one- 
tenth of my income for Christian work, 

1. I will b^n now to give to Christian 
work at least one-tenth of my income. 

3. I will adopt for a three-months' trial 
the plan of giving one-tenth. 

4. I will give henceforth some definite 
proportion and will study Stewardship. 

A supply of these four leaflets and the 
blanks, sufficient to put one in the hands of 
each member of the church and congregation, 
will be furnished free of charge to any pastor 
agreeing to have them distributed. 

Before undertaking this piece of work, 
about the biggest thing the Forward Move- 
ment hat ever anempted, in order to be sure, 
a letter and an outline trf' the plan were sent 
to the following denominational leaders: 

Executive Committee of the Northern 
Baptist Convention, officers of General and 
Women's Missionary Societies, secretaries 
of State Conventions, editois of Baptist 
papen, members of State. Apponionment 
and Stewardship Committees. 

Hundreds of these leaders replied heartily 
approving the plan. It requires now only 
the enthusiastic coSperation of pastors to 
make it fairly revolutionaiy in its effect upon 
the lives and finances in our Baptist churches. 



For further particulars address the Baptist 
Forward Movement, Ford Building, Boston, 
Mass. 



The Student Department 

BY SECRETARY MARTIN S. BRYANT 

Tlie three months' tour among the Baptist 
and State institutions of the Central West 
was a marked success. The presidents and 
principals received the work in a most 
cordial manner, and they, as well as the 
local Baptist pastors, were willing to co- 
operate in making the visits as efl^ective as 
possible, in placing before the best Baptist 
students the claims of the denomination's 
missionary work, and installing more sys- 
^ducaiion. Eleven of 
itional colleges, five prepara- 
tory schools, five State institutions and one 
Theological Seminary were visited, the trip 
including the States of Iowa, Minnesota, 
South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Okla- 
homa, Missouri and Illinois, 

Although it is to be largely a work of 
cultivation and development, yet the results 
of the nine months' work are greater than 
the Secretary dared hope for at the outset, 
in so short a period of time. Several letters 
have come in stating decisions for missionary 
service from students in institutions visited 
last spring, and others are asking questions 
concerning the various phases of missionary 
service and education. Practically all of 
the Y. M. C. A.S and Y. W. C. A.s have 
either been strengthened in what was already 
being done in missionary education, or have 
been indused to put in monthly missionary 
meetings and mission study classes. 

Realizing that intelligence must precede 
activity, and that those students who are to 
be the future laymen are to help constttutv 



200 



MISSIONS 



the base of support for the denomination's 
missionary work, I am placing more and 
more emphasis upon real missionary in- 
struction, and the part the educated layman 
is to take in missionary work. Even where 
there is a knowledge of what the church is 
doing, it seems in many cases to be of the 
work of the General Foreign Board; conse- 
quently the emphasis being placed upon the 
Home Mission end of the work, and in the 
Y. W. C. A.'s that of the Woman's Boards. 

There is a great opportunity for work 
among our Baptist students in the State 
Universities. They present a peculiar and 
difficult problem, yet one which is tremen- 
dously worth while, as we as Baptists have as 
many students in such institutions as we 
have in the denominational colleges. In 
the five State Universities visited about 800 
students are registered, either as members 
of Baptist churches or expressing a pref- 
erence for the Baptist church. Nearly all 
of them are of the former class. Through 
the kindness of the Baptist pastors and 
general secretaries of student associations, 
I was enabled to come into touch with 
practically all the best Baptist students, 
either in public addresses or in personal 
interviews. The work of the winter season 
is in the institutions of Michigan, Wisconsin, 
Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New 
York. 



Summer ConferenceS| 1911 

The Young People's Missionary Movement 
of the United States and Canada will hold 
seven conferences in 191 1 for missionary 
education and training, as follows: Asheville, 
N.C., June 30-July 9; Whitby, Ont., July 3- 
10; Knowlton, Que., July 12-19; Woodstock, 
Ont., July 17-24; Silver Bay, N.Y., July 11- 
20; Lake Geneva, Wis., July 21-30; Cas- 
cade, Colo., August 4-13. Never before has 
there been such a request for efficient leaders 
in the church as now. This need is increas- 
ing, and more and more the Home and For- 
eign Mission Boards are looking to these 
conferences to furnish them with needed 
workers. These conferences in 191 1 will 
provide institutes and classes to prepare 
missionary leaders in the Sunday school as 
well as in all other forms of church work. 

Baptist young people should begin to 
plan now. 



The PMtors* Instttute in Pdrto Rico 

BY REV. C 8. DETWBaBR OF PONCB 

The coolest month is selected as the time 
when we do the hardest work of the year. 
For eight days all our workers are gathered 
together for a time of Bible study and dis- 
cussion of practical problems. The home 
study courses our preachers must follow 
lead up to this as the climax of the year's 
work. In addition to the morning and 
afternoon sessions, special meetings were 
held each nig^t in the churches of Rio 
Piedras and San Juan. 

The crowning service of the series was 
the ordination of the pastor of the Rio 
Piedras church, Juan Rodriguez Cepero, on 
the evening of January 24. This is not a 
common event in Porto Rico, and we were 
therefore glad that it could take place in 
the presence of all our preadieis. The 
examination was held the evening previous 
and was remarkable for its clear statements of 
doctrine and for the spirituality and dqBCli 
of Christian experience nuuiifested. Our 
brother Cepero came of a good familjr in 
middle stadon of life, and was carelully 
brought up in the faith of Rome. At die 
time of his conversion he was one of tlie 
leading churchmen of his town and a special 
friend of the priest; but only lootelj at- 
tached to the doctrines of the churdi. His 
father before him had been a school-Ceadiery 
and the son came to occupy a good position 
under the American r^me, as principal of 
the district in which he lived. At the time 
of his call to the ministry he was l eceh in g 
a much larger salary than the missioa couU 
pay him. He has been tried in the pastcnate 
more than four years, and in addition has 
given excellent service as editor of our 
church paper, El Evan gel ista. 

The church was crowded at the ordination 
service and many of the principal men of the 
town were present, some for the first rime 
in a Protestant church, who must have been 
impressed with the seriousness of the 
minister's calling. The next day our Insti- 
tute came to a close with a parting service 
of testimony and praise. I am sure none 
of the four American missionaries who 
lectured and preached ever had a more 
eager and responsive body of listeners before 
them than our Porto Rican pastors during 
this Institute. It was time of inspiration for 
all, a worthy beginning for the new year. 



MISSIONS 



The Ministry of Service 



Charln W. Perkins Retignt 

It was with regret that the Foreign Mission 
Society accqited the resignation of Charles 
W. Perkins, who in 1:903 succeeded the lite 



studying thb question. Previous to 1903, 
Mr. Perkins was for thiity-five years 
connected with the Massachusens National 
Bank, the oldest bank in New England. 
In 1S88 he was appointed a member of 
the Executive Committee (now termed the 
Board of Managers), and as such he con- 
tinued until his appointment as Ticasurer, 
for two years having been chairman of that 
body. Mr. Perkins has always allied him> 
self with Baptist interests and is a prominent 
member of the First Baptist Church in 
Boston. Missionaries and home workers 
alike have learned to appreciate the un> 
failing courtesy and the careful, sympathetic 
service of Mr. Perkins and sincerely r^ret 
that he finds his resignation necessary. 



EUiha P. Coleman as Treasurer of the 
Society. 'Latt summer Mr. Perkins was 
forced, on account of ill health, to remain 
away from his office for several months, and 
although sufficiently recovered to attend to 
his work, now feels it advisable to withdraw 
fiDm the strenuous and responsible duties of 
Treasurer. He wiU, however, remain in 
office until his successor may be chosen, and 
a special committee is at present carefully 



Thanks from HoUo, P.L 
We have wanted for a long time to express 
our thanks to some one iriio is kind and 
thoughtful enough to collect and send us 
back numbers of various papers and maga- 
zines. Some of the more general papers and 
magazines come regularly to our table, but 
such ones as Puck, Life, Scientific American 
and Country Life are beyond our magazine 
fund and never find their way into our home 
save through the above-mentioned source. 
For these we are more than grateful. There 
are so many serious sides to one's life on a 
mission field that anything which provokes 
laughter or can bring alleviation by means 
of beautiful illustrations and unusual hap- 
penings is eagerly looked forward to. A 
personal word would be more to my liking, 
but not knowing the source of these gifts, 1 
must trust that this hare statement shall fall 
under the right eyes. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Bigelow. 



MISSIONS 



The Two Trareleis Abroad 
We give elsewhere Professor Anthony's 
impressions of our mission work in Bunna, 
and of the field as well. He is a wide-awake 
traveler and is rendering most valuable 
service by his informing and bright corre- 
spondence. He can also take photographs, 
of which we present two proofs in this issue. 
What adds to the pleasure of Professor 
Anthony's accompanying Dr. Barbour on 
[his visitation is the fact that Free Baptists 
and Baptists, having voted in' their repre- 
sentative bodies to unite in missionary work 
and other denominational activities, can 
now be represented in these two men in 
their distinctive missionary fields in India. 
The Free Baptist field, in the Balasore 
district of India, nearly joins on the north the 
Baptist field of southern India. The Board 
of Managers of the American Baptist For- 
eign Mission Sosiety have made Professor 
Anthony one of their number, so that he 
adds to his representative character as a 
Free Baptist that also of a Baptist and 
thus, doubly a Baptist, becomes an object 
lesson, not abroad so much as at home, of 
the newly ordained merger of the members 
of one great ecclesiastical family. 
* 
Bread on tb« Waters 
We are indebted to Dr. Burlingame for 
ihis account of a most interesting ceremony 
on board of the flagship of the fleet of 
Japanese warships in San Francisco Bay, 
on a recent Sunday when representatives 
of the Golden Gate Union of Christian 
Endeavor, the American Bible Society, and 
of the five hundred Japanese Christians 
of the Bay Cities were formally received by 
the chief officers of the flagship Asama, 
and presented copies of the Bible in the 
Japanese language to the fourteen hundred 
officers and enlisted men of the fleet. Mr. 



A. W. .\Iell, the Agent of the American 
Bible Society, in a; brief address intioduced 
Pastor Geo. E. Burlingame of the Fim 
Baptist Church of San Francisco and Pas- 
toral Counselor of Golden Gate Union, who 
told the group of officers and men in whose 
behalf the company were present and for 
what purpose, in a ten-minute address, 
which admirably presented the claim of the 
Bible upon their attention. The Japanese 
manifested the utmost courtesy and interest 
throughout the entire proceedings. The 
lieutenant, to whom the addresses were 
presented in writing, promised to have them 
translated for the men of the ships, to each 
of whom will be given a copy of the Bible. 



MISS IONS 



203 



In the fatty, beside those named above, 
were Mr. H. C. Allan, President of Golden 
G«e Union; Dr. F. D. Bovard, editor of 
the CJifemia Chriittan Aivotale; Norman 
Knig^ Oiairman of the Floating Work 
Coounittee of Golden Gate Unionj and two 
Japaneae Chrinian pattots. After the cere- 
moniei the party were conducted over the 
ship bj a couiteous lieutenant who spoke 
Ei^^iili, and who pointed out with pardon- 
able pride the brass tablet recording the 
battles in whidi the ship had taken pait. 
A conqiiaioui dent in one of the turrets 
and ■CTcral patches on a funnel indicated 
dttt Kimmh ihot had not altogether missed 
tbcsr inaik. This ship fired die first shot 
in the haAot at Chemulpho which ushered 
\m Ae.tcnific conflict with Russia. 



that we have today a unittd mission- 
ary magaxini. May our sympathies be 
broadened and deepened as we dwell more 
upon the words of our Master, "the field is 
the world," and may this united missionaty 
magazinethrill the souls of the most lethargic 
of our church members till they are fain to 
take up the missionary battle cty, "The 
world for Christ; Christ for the world I" 

The world waits for that unity and co- 
operation in Christian effort that shall yet 
shake the very foundations of heathendom. 
I write this prophetically. Brothers and 
sisters, in the dear homelands over yonder, 
join with us, heart to heart, hand in hand, in 
theserviceof our oneMasterand Lord. We 
have that within us which can remove 
mountains of difficulty. Shall we not, as 
never before, give place to the Holy Spirit's 
guidance, and attempt great things for God, 



FROM THE FAR LANDS 



THANKS rOR BOOKS 

The Fliilippiiie Baptist Misnon wish to 
thank all the fnendt who responded to their 
nqucst (or books, published in various 
Bapdst papen some months ago. The 
response was most generous and meets a 
long-fUt need. We do not know the names 
of all the contributors; and 10 we take this 
method of exprening our appreciation of 
their generastty. 

Caxolinb M. Bisbenger, a. A. Fobshee, 
Henrt W. Mtmosx, Commitltt. 

A CONGO CALENDAR 

Missions has received from Dr. Carohne 
Mabie of the Congo a calendar, for which 
acknowledgment is here made. Dr. Mabie 
is one of the busiest and most useful of our 
medical inissionaric*. She also has the 
Ktctary gift, as our readers know, and we 
trust will have many oppoitunities to know 



better. As for the message on the calendar, 
above and below a picture of the mission 
church, we give it herewith so that others 
may understand it as well as we do: 



Please send in the translations. 

k LEADER OF MISSION CIRCLES PASSES AWAY 

Prof. D. Gustav Wameck, D.D., passed 
away at his home in Halle on December 37, 



19 ic 



was the leader of German mis- 
:le5 and possessed a broad interest 
er the world. He wrote 
many works on the subject of missions, 
dealing with the questions of principle and 
policy and detailing mission progress. These 
books command the attention of all students 
of this subject. Particularly noteworthy is 
his history of Protestant Missions. He was a 



204 



MISSIONS 



professor in the University of Halle and 
editor of the monthly periodical, Die AlU 
gemeine Missionsxeitschrift, Prdbably there 
is no man living who has a completer knowl- 
edge of modem missions than had Dr. 
Wamecky for these had been his lifelong 
study. 

AN APPRECIATIVE AUDIENCE 

We have greatly enjoyed the visit of Dr. 
Barbour and Dr. Anthony. I had the 
privilege of showing them the grounds and 
buildings, and introducing them to the whole 
school — about one thousand pupils — in 
Gushing Hall. They both spoke wisely and 
eloquently, uttering sage counsels to the boys 
and girls. But eloquent as they were, the 
most impressive thing was the audience — 
that large and beautiful room packed full of 
bright, intelligent faces. No school audience 
in the world could excel that audience in the 
variety and deep significance of the points 
of interest which it presented. About half of 
the pupils are Christians. Some are in the 
third or fourth generation of Christians, their 
grandparents or great-grandparents having 
been converted in the time of Dr. Judson. — 
L. £. Hicks, D.D., Rangoon, Burma. 

CHRISTMAS IN BASSEIN 

Our school here in Bassein had a delight- 
ful little Christmas treat with a tree. Some 
people in Oregon sent out sixty-six dolls for 
our girls. To a Karen girl a doll is the 
dearest thing on earth. You will rejoice with 
us that thirty-seven of our school boys and 
girls were baptized here Christmas morning. 
We have been praying for the winning of 
these pupils, and they have come. — L. W. 
Cronkhite, Bassein, Burma. 

[Dr. Cronkhite is in charge of the Pwo 
Karen work in the Bassein field. Over two 
hundred are in attendance in the Pwo Karen 
school at the station.] 

RESIGNATION OF DR. L. E. HICKS 

Rev. Lewis E. Hicks, Ph.D., for the past 
six years principal of Rangoon Baptist 
College, has resigned, the action to take 
effect March 31, 191 1. The Board of 
Managers in accepting his resignation has 
made him Principal Emeritus, and has 
appointed as his successor. Rev. E. W. 
Kelly, Ph.D., of Mandalay. Since Dr. 
Hicks' arrival at the College, seventeen 
years ago, the institution has grown from a 



high school to a full B.A. college. Dr. Hickt 
leaves the work in fine condition. During 
the year 1 910 the enrollment in all depart- 
ments was 1,113. Besides the college de- 
partment proper there it a large high sdiool 
and a normal school. The buildings num- 
ber over thirty and the faculty, foreign and 
native, foity-seven. The Cushing Memorial, 
the group of buildings occupied by the col- 
legiate department, it one of the finest 
structures in any mission college in the East. 

IN MEMORY OF DR. CLOUGH 

At Podili, South India, the Quarterly 
Meeting held in December was helpful and 
inspiring. On the afternoon of Christmas 
Day a service in memory of Dr. Clough was 
held. Dr. Clough in hit acdve days was 
accustomed to go over this field when it was 
a part of the great Ongole field, and old men 
who had toured in company with him were 
glad of the opportunity of telling something 
of the days ^en he was strong and hard at 
work among the villages. 

FORTY-THREE NEW SCHOLARS 

I have a new school at Pyn with forty-three 
scholars. There are five there who want to 
be baptized, some at Toungoo and two 
Buddhist priests are inquirers, one having 
asked if he be sufficiently well founded in 
faith for bapdsm. — L. B. Rogers, Toungoo, 
Burma. 

A missionary's outlook 

I have not been out of these hills for five 
years and could almost count the white 
people I have seen in that dme on the fingers 
of my two hands. Nevertheless there is no 
place in the world where I would rather be 
than just here. God is blessing the work 
and the time is coming when His name will 
be magnified among the Chins. — Laura 
H. Carson, Haka, Burma. 

bible women needed 

The workmen were scarcely out of the new 
house for women in Ningpo, when Miss 
Covert moved in with a class of thirty-eight 
women and has had them under daily in- 
struction. The class closed about Januaiy 
18, and soon after the Chinese New Year — 
January 30 — Miss Covert hopes to begin a 
training class for Bible women, to continue 
through the year. This \m a work that has 
been neglected for tome yeart past, chiefly 



MISSIONS 



205 



because we all were too busy with other 
duties. Our three Bible women are now old 
ind getting feeble, and we need to increase 
our staff of women as well as to have them 
more dioroughly trained. It is hoped that 
this dass may develop into a training school 
for Bible women for the whole East China 
Mission. — J. R. Goddard, Ningpo, East 
China. 

SIGNinCANT CONTlUBUnONS 

It is a genuine pleasure to record that 
Rs. 9J-J-I (about ^30.00) were contributed 
by our Telugu churches for the support of 
the seminary during the year. This is con- 
siderably over one hundred per cent more 
than was received last year, which was really 
the first time that the native Chrisdans had 
ever responded to our appeals for financial 
md moral support. Twelve churches are 
lepieacu ted in these contributions, also seven 
individuals, mostly old seminaiy graduates. 
— J. HsmaiCHs, Ramapatnam, South India. 

NBW BUILDINGS FOR JAPAN 

Missionaries in Japan are busy supervising 
building operadons in Yokohama and Tokyo. 
In Yokohama the Maiy Duncan Harris 
Hall, given by Mrs. Robert Harris and 
named in her memory, and the home for 
missionaries are steadily growing. In Tokyo 
the new building for the dormitoiy for 
students attending Waseda Univenity, which 
is in charge of Rev. H. B. Bennin^off, the 
principal of Duncan Academy, is about to 
be begun. Mr. Benninghoff hopes to see it 
completed before the summer vacadon. 

SERIOUS LOSSBS IN THE WOMAN's MISSION- 
ARY SOCIETY 

The Woman's Missionary Society has in 
the last three months lost three of the vice- 
presidents of its Board: Mrs. Robert Harris 
cyf New York, Mrs. W. R. Brooks, Morris- 
town, N.J., and Mrs. Lewis E. Guriey of 
Troy, N.Y., who was also a member of the 
Genc»ral Committee of the Foreign Mission 
Society. Mrs. Guriey had recendy, together 
with her daughter and Miss MacLaurin, 
made a tour of our mission field and since her 
return had done considerable speaking for 
the advancement of missions. She was to 
have been one of the speakers in the Women's 
. Jnbike Meetings now being held in different 
paitt of die ooontiy. 



THE DEATH OF A FORMER BAPTIST 
MISSIONARY 

Prof. Alfred Augustus Newhall of Leland 
University, New Orleans, a former mission- 
ary of the Foreign Mission Society, died at 
Wobum, Mass., December 30, 1910. He 
served from 1875 to 1890 in South India, 
first at Ramapatnam and later at Hanu- 
makonda. Illness compelled his giving up 
the foreign service. 



A Trip to Bantayan 

On a recent trip through the district we 
took the rime to make a visit to another 
island some distance away from the north- 
east coast of Negros, Bantayan. We had 
been here about one year ago, and had done 
what we could to speak about the evangelical 
faith and to distribute some Bibles and other 
Chrisdan literature. Hearing that the annual 
feast day was at hand we determined to take 
advantage of that fact, and of our compara- 
rive vicinity to the place, to make another 
call there. We found an open theatre that 
had been arranged on the plaza, and shortly 
there was presented a Spanish play under 
the direction of the local priest. The next 
night there was a play in Visayan. The 
plaza was crowded by hundreds of people 
who had come in from all of the adjoining 
towns and even from neighboring islands, as 
these town festivals held in honor of the 
patron saints of the town are the big social 
events in Filipino life. We had no oppor- 
tunity of preaching that night. The next 
morning we spent in selling Bibles, dis- 
tributing tracts and going about among the 
people. We found that there was very much 
less fanaticism than there had been a year 
before. Then we were hooted at by the 
rabble and had tin pans beaten in our faces 
to scare away, evidently, the evil spirits that 
were supposed to guide us about. This rime 
we met no such experience. In the evening 
we had two meedngs in the market place 
opposite the plaza and over five hundred 
people listened quietly and respectfully to 
the preaching of the Word of God. We met 
many young men who urged us to send a 
preacher to the island, and one especially 
who was much concerned for the religion of 
his people and who wished that they might 
forsake many of their old customs and learn 



206 



MISSIONS 



the simple truths of the gospel. Altogether 
it was a most heartening experience. — A. A. 
FoRSHEE, Bacolod, P.I. 



Helping to Solve India's Industrial 
Problem 

BY REV. S. D. BAWDEN, ONGOLE 

I wish that you might have been here the 
other afternoon, as a neighboring Sudra or 
land cultivator, whose fields adjoin ours, 
and who is veiy courteous and helpful to 
my field overseer in many ways, brought in 
four visiting friends of his who came from 
a village some forty odd miles away, and to 
whom he was anxious to show some of the 
machines that we have and are using, and 
the tools that we are using on our field work. 
They came first to the bungalow in which 
we live, and then the Sudra, whose name is 
Venkataswamy, asked where the seed drill 
that Mr. Wetmore sent out some time ago 
was, as he was veiy anxious to have his 
friends see that machine. He had already 
taken them to see the fodder cutter, and they 
spent an hour or more in looking over the 
various tools we have in use, under the 
direction of one of my assistants here. 

This is the same man who borrowed the 
"little giant" broadcast seeder which came 
this year, and used it in the planting of his 
rice on the field. As it happened there was 
not enough rain after he had planted it to 
bring it up properly, and so I am afraid he is 
not going to have a successful crop from 
that field. I am sorry, because he is taking 
so much interest in the possibilities of these 
new tools that I should be glad to have them 
supply him with success as often as possible. 

After they had looked at a number of the 
other tools I happened to be across the road 
in our garden where Nathaniel is irrigating 
with the little giant tank pump, by the fur- 
row system of irrigation, and when he and 
I showed the visitors our method of irri- 
gation, and how it was putting the moisture 
under the ground, how we then harrowed the 
top again, and so kept the moisture there 
for ten days or two weeks, they were very 
much interested, and I am hoping that 
we may be able to make a demonstration 
this year that will be successful, and help 
some of them to do better work on their own 
land. 




MitBionary Pursonals 

By the arrival of Rev. and Mrs. L. C. 
Hylbert, who are two of last fall's recruits, 
and the return of Rev. and Mrs. EL E, Jones 
from furlough, the ranks at Ningpo are com- 
plete again — five families and four single 
¥^men. Mr. Jones resumed work inmie- 
diately, spending his first Sunday after 
arrival at one of his outstations. 

Rev. Frank Kurtz of Madira, South India, 
is expecting to come home on his furiough 
this spring, reaching this country about 
May I. Ehiring his fuilou^ Rev. W. J. 
Longley and Mrs. Longley, who went out 
to Soudi India in 1909 and who have been 
residing at Vinukonda, will take chai]ge of 
the Madira station. 

Mr. R. D. StaflFord, who has been engaged 
in language study at Ningpo, was t6 remove 
to Shanghai about February i, and assume 
the duties of mission treasurer and business 
agent for the East and Central China mis- 
sions, the special work to which he was 
appointed. Shanghai also receives the wel- 
come addition of another missionaiy family 
in the transfer of Rev. John H. Deoning and 
Mrs. Deming from Hanyang, Central China. 
Mr. Deming is to teach English temporarily 
in the Shanghai Baptist College. 

Rev. J. L. Dearing, D.D., of Japan, is in 
West China on special service, being invited 
by the West China Annual Conference to 
confer with them at their gathering. His 
last letter was dated from Ichang. Together 
with our new West China missionaries, he 
was traveling with the Canadian Methodist 
missionaries. 

Rev. W. C. Owen and Mrs. Owen of 
AUur, South India, are spending part of 
their furlough in Hamburg, Germany, 
among German Baptist friends. They 
write enthusiastically in regard to the in- 
spiring strength of these Hambuig Baptists., 
Together with Rev. Johannes Wiens of 



MISSIONS 



207 



Sooriapett, South India, who is in Europe 
for his little daughter's health, they have been 
interesting the churches in the mission work 
among the Telugus. 

On December 28, 1910, Rev. S. W. Riven- 
burg, M.D., of Kohima, Assam, and Miss 
Helen B. Protzman of Nowgong, were 
married by Rev. P. H. Moore at Nowgong. 
Bride, groom and officiating clergyman are 
all members of our Assam Mission. 

Rev. H. W. B. Joorman of Thayetmyo, 
Burma, has been forced to leave his work 
owing to the critical state of his health. At 
the present time he is under medical treat- 
ment in Germany. 

DEATH OF MISS MYRA F. WELD 

A cablegram was received at the Rooms 
announcing the death of Miss Myra F. Weld 
i£ Swatow, South China. After a short but 



severe attack of t}rphoid fever. Miss Weld 
passed away Januaiy 27, 191 1. She was a 
graduate of Wellesley and a teacher of many 
years' experience in America. In 1904 she 
decided to devote her life to the education of 
the Chinese, sailing from San Francisco on 
October 13. Since that time until her death 
she was principal of the Girls' Boarding 
School in Swatow. The Society suffers a 
severe loss in her death. 

Foreign Missionary Record 

ARRIVBD 

Rev. B. H. East, M.D., from Haka. Burma, at 
Chicago, February 2. 

8AILBD 

Miss A. A. Martin, January 18, from San Frandsco» 
for China. 

BORN 

To Rev. G. W. Lewis and Mrs. Lewis, Unglcung. 
China, on October 7. 1910, a son. 






;'-^*: 



l,-^>-»^ 



FROM THE HOME LANDS 



THE METHOD IN OKLAHOMA 

Rev. J. C. Stalcup, General Missionary of 
Oklahoma, is continuing this year the 
missionaiy committee for each association, 
as a connecting link between the office of 
the secretary and the churches and pastors. 
The aim is by this concerted effort to enlist 
all of the churches in all phases of mission 
work and to bring the workers into the 
closest possible fellowship. The State has 
been engaged during Januaiy in a cam- 
paign for state missions and has endeavored, 
in addition to regular contributions, to raise 
suffident to care for the deficit which came 
oiver from last ]rear. Arrangements were 
made some time ago that representatives of 
the two Home and two Foreign Mission 
Boards in cooperation with the Convention 
should hold special conferences in the State 
in Februaiy, March and April. 

A FRENCH CONVERT OF NOTE 

Rev. I. La Fleur, missionary to the French 
in Waterville, Me., reports with much joy 



that an intelligent priest, who has served 
twenty-two years in the Romish Church, has 
come to him from another town and is ready 
to assist in spreading the evangelical faith, 
to which he has been increasingly drawn 
for the past three years. This seems to 
Missionaiy La Fleur a golden opportunity, 
for the new convert is a man of exceptional 
gifts and of fine promise for "the King's 
business." 

HOME MISSION DAY IN A GERMAN CHURCH 

Home Mission Day is to be observed in 
some of our German churches. The Supei^ 
intendent of the Second German Baptist 
Church of Dayton, Ohio, has translated the 
service into German and the school will use it. 
This shows that this church is wide-awake. 

CHANGES IN COLORADO 

Rev. W. F. Ripley of Pueblo, after wisely 
and fruitfully supervising as general mission- 
aiy the work of the Colorado Baptist State 
Convention, in cooperation with the Ameri- 



208 



MISSIONS 



can Baptist Home Mission Society, has been 
compelled on account of ill health to resign. 
He will probably enter upon a pastorate as 
soon as his strength will permit. Rev. W. C. 
King, for many years the efficient General 
Missionary of South Dakota, has been 
elected his successor. A Forward Movement 
campaign has been inaugurated, and it is 
expected that one or more evangelists will 
be placed in the field, with all the cost met 
by the Convention, thus relieving the Home 
Mission Society of appropriations to this 
part of the work. 

DR. WOODDY's son A RHODES SCHOLAR 

Mr. Carroll Hill Wooddy has been elected 
as a Rhodes Scholar for 1910 and will rep- 
resent McMinnville College of Oregon. He 
is the son of Dr. C. A. Wooddv, Superintend- 
ent of the American Baptist Home Mission 
Society for the Pacific States. He is nineteen 
years of age, and is a senioi in his college, 
but secured four-fifths of the votes of the 
Oregon Committee representing the five 
colleges and universities in the State. He 
will enter Oxford next October. 

A REMARKABLE RECORD 

During the missionary career of Dr. J. 
S. Murrow of Atoka, Okla., he has or- 
ganized more than seventy-five Baptist 
churches in that State, assisted in the ordina- 
tion of over seventy preachers, mostly 
Indians, and baptized more than two thou- 
sand people, nearly all Indians. 

GET THE LOCATION RIGHT 

All who are sending gifts of various kinds 
to the Morrow Indian Orphanage should 
remember that it is not now located at 
Unchuka, but has been transferred to 
Bacone, Okla. A fruitful step forward has 
been taken in affiliating the Orphanage with 
a larger institution in Bacone. 

IN THE YELLOWSTONE DISTRICT 

Rev. C. A. Cook, D.D., of the Yellow- 
stone District, comprising Montana, Wyo- 
ming, Utah, Idaho and Eastern Washington, 
writes in praise of the work at Marcus and 
Kettle Falls, Wash., where two fine church 
buildings have been erected under the inde- 
fatigable labors of Rev. J. M. Hupp. In 
each place new members were received at 
the dedication of the buildings; and in each 
place the community at large showed its 



esteem for Mr. Hupp by a present of money 
amounting in all to more than ^130. Dr. 
Cook reports that the Home Mission offerings 
from his field are nearly ILfOO in advance of 
what they were for the same period last year. 

A VIRGINIA REVIVAL 

The Baptist cause in Lynchburg has 
received a strong impetus from the notable 
series of evangelistic meetings in charge of 
Dr. Bruner and his associates. Over one 
hundred additions to the churches (white) 
were reported for one week. Noon services 
at the Southland Shoe Factory were an 
important feature. A significant fact in this 
campaign is that colored ministers were in- 
vited to be present and were called upon to 
pray. The college and Theological Semi- 
nary (colored) are working hard and are in 
great need of financial help. General Mis- 
sionary D. N. Vassar reports much interest 
and a spirit of union among the people of his 
territory. Some belated "leaders" try to 
keep up divisions, but the people are demand- 
ing "more gospel and less fuss." 



PLENTY OF WORK IN WYOMING 

A missionary in Wyoming writes: "I hope 
the Society can in the near future place at 
least another man on this field. At the 
present time I do not know of another man 
who is making regular trips into the countiy 
north of the railroad in Crook County be- 
side myself. This territory takes in almost 
4,500 square miles and the people are anx- 
ious for the gospel. I cannot go to all the 
places I am asked to go to, but where I go 
1 always receive a hearty welcome and have 
good congregations. Often have people 
present at our meetings that have not 
attended a religious service for many year? ." 

ITALIANS IN MISSOURI 

Work among the Italians in St. Louis has 
been started and many have professed faith. 
The presence of "impolite Americans," who 
call the Italians "dagos" and otherwise 
interrupt the meetings, is lamented by the 
native missionary. He tells of a young 
Italian who said, "So far I continually 
despised the Catholic superstition; that was 
all. But now since you have pointed me to 
Jesus Christ, I shall have my priest, my 
high priest, my only priest, Jesus Christ 
himself." This young man was afterwards 
killed by a train. 



MISSIONS 



209 



SWEDISH WORK IN PORTLAND 

Rey. G. A. Dahlquist has entered upon 
missionaiy work with the First Baptist 
Swedish Church of Portland, Me. Pecuh'ar 
difficulties which call for patience and 
unusual wisdom and tact present themselves 
to this missionaiy, but he takes up his work 
with courage, and the indications are that 
the members will rally and the mission take 
on new life and influence. On the first 
Sunday in January the Sunday school was 
graded. 

COLORADO 

Steamboat Springs, which has an interest- 
ing summer population, has been building a 
church edifice. Meanwhile meetings have 
been held in the moving-picture building. 
Two outstadon Sunday schools have been 
joined. At one of these the pastor. Rev. A. H. 
Ballard, preaches on alternate Sunda3rs, but 
the other is too far away for that plan. 

The work at Heppner has been difficult 
and the church was closed for two years till 
October, 1909, when Rev. C. H. Davis came 
as pastor. He preaches on alternate Sundajrs 
at lone, eighteen miles away, where the 
church property is unfinished and a small 
debt temporarily overhangs. These fields 
require energy and faith; and Mr. Davis is 
earnest and hopeful. Pastor F. H. Hayes 
at Sellwood has a unique church of ninety 
members, most of whom are children and 
young people of school age. He calls them 
"a fine lot" and expects a strong church as 
they grow up with this growing town. 

At Scibert, Colo., a missionaiy has been 
holding a revival meeting in which fourteen 
conversions occurred during the first six days. 
This is in the heart of the Kit Karson County 
and is purely pioneer work. A new church 
was constituted January 9. 

POLES IN NEW JERSEY 

The only Polish Protestant Church in 
New Jersey is in Newark, where there are 
50,000 Poles and Russians among whom it 
directly works, but it strives as best it can 
to reach the enure Polish population of the 
State, which is more than 180,000. It has 
a reading room for foreigners and a medical 
dispensary. The demand for evangelical 
literature is continually increasing Much 
good it dooe by open-air meetings at the 



city's foreign center, and a good property, 
three-story double house at 30 Richmond 
Street, was bought in September last, when 
the church was organized. Two years is 
the limit of the mortgage of ^7,000, and the 
church needs all the help it can get in order 
to meet this obligation and carry on its 
present valuable work. The pastor, Rev. 
Gottfried Patmont, may be addressed at 
the above number and will be glad to accept 
gifts and also to furnish gospel literature in 
the Polish language to any one that can 
use it. 

Among Nebraska Sand Hills 

In north central Nebraska is the little 
village of Chambers, twenty-two miles from 
the nearest railway station and numbering 
not more than 150 souls. But it is sur- 
rounded with farms and grazing land, and 
is the center of bustling activities. It has 
four grocery stores, a drug store, a hardware 
store, a jewelry store, a barber shop, two 
blacksmith shops, a meat market, a hotel, 
two livery stables, a printing office with a 
good weekly paper, a post office, a cream 
station doing a fine business, and "last but 
not least," two churches, viz., Methodist 
and Baptist. The Baptist pastor. Rev. 
T. H. Evans, "not a novice," for he has 
grandchildren in the "East," is cultivating 
this field with truly apostolic faith and 
energy, covering a territory that needs a 
dozen men and more. One of his out- 
stations is thirty miles away, among the 
sand hills, where thousands of cattle graze» 
where every hill is just like every other hill, 
a rounded mound, and not even the oldest 
inhabitant can always be sure in which of 
the numberless tracks that pass for roads 
he ought to travel, where a deceitful stillness 
mocks the ear with a cruel negation that is 
not true peace, where form and size and color 
join in a curious conspiracy to cheat the 
eye and thwart the judgment. But the 
people are brave and earnest and eager to 
hear the preacher's words, are "live wires" 
filled with quick sympathy and mental 
alertness. Another of his stations is Harrold, 
only eight miles away, where he preaches 
every Sunday, except when taking the long 
tnp above mentioned. Grazing is still the 
chief occupation, but agriculture is increas- 
ingy and the need of strong and >broad 



210 



MISSIONS 



foundations for the upbuilding of this "in- 
land empire" is very great. Here as every- 
where, denominationalism acts as a hinder- 
ing and divisive force, for persons of almost 
every sect are found among the settlers. 
The^'Methodist pastor works with the 
Baptist, but not all the laymen are as liberal. 
However, some union services have been 
held and the spirit of Christian love is 
winning its way increasingly. 

Five Thousand a Month 

That is the rate at which people are 
settling in Idaho, making new mission fields. 
State Evangelist D. D. Murray writes from 
Caldwell that the churches are well supplied 
with pastors, earnest, faithful men and fre- 
quently of superior ability. With immigra- 
don at this rate of five thousand a month, 
the fields need able men who can grapple 
with the situation. 

Rev. T. H. Scruggs, of Soldier, a district 
missionary for twenty years in the North- 
west, is doing good work in Camas County, 
a prairie region in much need of regular 
preaching stations at suitable points. Popu- 
larion is increasing, but the people are 
scattered and there are only two small 
church buildings (of all denominations) in 
this territory sixty miles long by twenty 
wide. Many of the inhabitants have not had 
the opportunity to attend a religious service 
for years. "On the whole our work in Idaho 
is doing well," but these destitute regions 
must not be forgotten. 

Among^ the! Italians; 

The Pittsburgh (Pa.) Evangelistic Com- 
mittee provided a tent for work among the 
Italians in the campaign of 1910, and a 
large number professed conversion. 

In one place where the tent was stationed 
much opposition was encountered. Two 
preachers were assaulted and the tent was 
cut down. Yet in those services forty 
Italians boldly confessed Jesus Christ. At 
the noon meetings 888 Bibles or portions 
thereof were given out, the languages being 
English, Italian, German, French, Greek 
and Bohemian. 

In Barre, Vt., there are about 4,000 
Italians, all from the north of Italy. They 
are skilled workmen, independent in means 



and character, earning from ^3.20 per day 
and upward. They are more reserved in 
disposition than their fellow countrymen 
from the southern part. Anarchy and 
socialism of an atheistic type here have 
their chief center among Italian-speaking 
people, and here the chief Italian anarchy 
paper is published. No God, no future life, 
no supernatural religion of any sort, are their 
darling doctrines. Rev. G. B. Castellani 
has labored there about a year vrith good 
success. His policy is conciliatory, benevo- 
lent, constructive, and he is well received. 
Children are permitted to attend his Sunday 
school, which has an average attendance of 
sixty, and he reports four baptisms. 

South Dakota Destitution 

An interesting letter from L. J. Velte, a 
student in Crozer Theological Seminary, 
who spent his last vacation at BuflFalo Gap 
and in the neighboring region, preaching at 
the ranches and in log schoolhouses, tells of 
pitiful religious destitution in oudying dis- 
tricts, and says he is "praying that some 
one can follow up the work" which the open- 
ing of the school year compelled him to 
renounce. The people have pleaded that 
services be continued. In covering his 
territory he preached morning, afternoon 
and evening; often without time for supper 
and always with only a few minutes for the 
noonday meal. Distance is an important 
hindrance in attempting to combine fields. 
The circuit of Buffalo Gap, Lone John's 
and Harrison Flat, which he proposes as a 
favorable one, would involve twenty-eight 
miles travel, on horseback or otherwise. 
But he is full of enthusiasm and says, "I 
thank God the Home Mission Society sent 
me out there. I have been drawn closer 
to humanity and to Jesus." 

North Dakota Wants Men 

In North Dakota there are twenty-six 
churches without pastors. Some of these 
are very weak, but many others are among 
the best in the State, having fine properties. 
If ministers who are without pastorates in 
eastern States could move to North Dakota, 
they would find abundant opportunity for 
important Christian service. Pastors with 
evangelistic gifts are most needed. In- 
quiries concerning pastorates in this State 



MISSIONS 



211 



may be addressed to Dr. C. E. HemanSy 
Grand Forks, North Dakota. 

A Swedish church has been organized at 
Flasher. Throughout the State the Swedish 
and Norwegian churches are prospering. 

Clearing the Deck at Fort Collins 

Dr. M. P. Hunt, pastor of the church in 
Fort Collins, Okla., which owes its existence 
to missionary enterprise, printed the follow- 
ing call to acdon under the title "Clearing 
the Deck:" 

"In the war between Japan and Russia 
we read of the clearing of the deck for acdon. 
That is what the First Baptist Church of 
Fort Collins wants to do on Sunday, January 
29. By the grace of God and the help of the 
church we want to make this an epochal 
day in our history. We want all to arrange 
to be present unless absolutely hindered by 
sickness. In that way each one can help. 
We want all to pray God for grace to believe 
that with His help we can do anything that 
needs to be done." 

How weU he succeeded is reported in a 
daily paper published at Fort Collins: "The 
Baptist Society owed a debt on church 
building and Lake Park chapel for several 
years and it was a millstone around the 
parishoners' necks. The financial com- 
mittee, assisted by Dr. Hunt, the pastor, 
concluded it was time to pay off the debt, 
and set Sunday, January 29, as the dme to 
do it. After a good sermon by the reverend 
doctor, he called for pledges to liquidate the 
12,500 due, also iSjoo on this year's budget, 
a total of {2,800. In less than an hour's 
time {3,500 was subscribed, thus leaving a 
neat balance of {700 for future contin- 
gencies." 

Oregon Progress 

At Grass Valley the pastor reports many 
removals; some of them in the search for a 
different climate, and several because a 
competency has been secured, for the town 
is in a fine wheat section. He says, "Of 
course we meet our budget," and tells of the 
new parsonage bought and paid for during 
the past eight months. 

The University Park Church of Portland 
is enjoying the ministry of Rev. H. F, 
Cheney, who finds much encouragement in 
the increased attendance at prayer meetings 



in spite of the fact that removals have 
carried away many members, including 
nearly all of the church officers during the 
past few months. The church is in a grow- 
ing suburb and good families are moving in. 

The pastor at Prineville is doing good 
work. A stone church building ({10,000 to 
{12,000) is being erected, and the pastor is 
working in outlying districts where the need 
and opportunity are very great. He pleads 
for helpers and says, " I could win hundreds 
to Christ if I were free to go over this great 
field of Cook County, which is a large state 
in itself." Other denominations, especially 
the Presbyterians, are doing all they can, 
but there is plenty of chance for more. 

Rev. A. F. Bassford has been at Cor- 
vallis over a year and the church has pros- 
pered under his leadership. From irregu- 
larity, weakness and discouragement it has 
emerged into efficiency, vigor and enthusi- 
asm. Its relation to the college has become 
more inrimate and the students are appre- 
ciating its ministrations and joining in its 
activities. The pastor has received much 
welcome recognition from the faculty and 
frequently is called to assist in college gather- 
ings of various sorts. The church member- 
ship has been increased some sixty per cent. 
The great need is a suitable church building. 

Rev. D. E. Baker came to Lebanon in 
March, 1909, and has had phenomenal 
success. Very early in the work he baptized 
twenty-three persons and since then the 
additions to the church have numbered over 
one hundred. He preaches also at Tollman, 
where additions have occurred, and labors 
at another out-station a part of the time. 
Repairs and enlargements have been made 
upon the church building to the amount of 
{1,800, and the people hope to support the 
work without help from outside sources in 
the near future. 

Rev. F. C. W. Parker, General Missionary 
of the Oregon Baptist Convention, reports 
increase all along the line. The offerings of 
the churches to this work have exceeded 
those of last year by about {1,000, the total 
increase in this department being {1,350, 
making the entire missionary business for 
the year about {15,600. The workers have 
included four district missionaries, a Swed- 
ish, Chinese and colored missionary, two 
colporters, a superintendent of city missions, 
thirty-four missionary pastors, and the 



212 



MISSIONS 



general missionary. There has also de- 
veloped a large interest in the work among 
the Italians and an Italian missionary began 
work in Portland last October. Many of 
the churches have erected houses of worship 
or have built parsonages. One of the most 
interesting movements has been that at 
Myrtle Creek, where an old school building 
was purchased and turned into a center of 
religious life. The first floor becomes an 
auditorium; the second floor is divided into 
Sunday-school classrooms, a social room 
and a room for athletics. A swimming pool 
is to be excavated in the basement. 

The Home Mission Society (New York 
City) has appropriated 1 1,500 to help the 
State work, and the Church Edifice Gift 
Fund has been drawn upon much more 
heavily. 

Oregon Baptists in general have increased 
in vision with respect to their possibilities, 
and are advancing in obedience to what God 
is showing them. The great Inland Empire 
of Central Oregon and the Coast Region are 
both attaining a wonderful development 
through the construction of railways. Large 
systems of electric railways are in process of 
construction throughout the State, chiefly 
by the interests in control of President Hill, 
who declares he will put forward this work 
in undeveloped sections with a rapidity un- 
precedented elsewhere. To meet enlarged 
demands the convention has planned its 
work for the coming year upon the basis of 
|l2,ooo more than last year. 

Lookiiig Forward 

Indian University looks forward with 
feelings of hope and encouragement. The 
new year began with the temperature be- 
low zero and all our water pipes frozen up, 
but the thermometer does not register low 
enough to freeze up our courage and opti- 
mism. At the last Sunday-evening service 
of the school in 1910 two young men were 
converted, and a number of others took a 
new stand for Christ. And at the first 
Sunday-evening service in 191 1 two young 
women publicly confessed Christ. Some of 
the young men have asked for a special 
class in Bible study, that they may have more 
of that work than is required in the regular 
course. Both young men and young women 
have mission study classes organized. Thus 
we begin the new year with a very encourag- 



ing outlook for the spiritual part of our 
work. 

There is just as much to encourage us in 
the other departments. The old students 
are all returning, and we have already re- 
ceived twelve new students and know of 
more who are coming. We have had to 
refuse one girl because all rooms in the giris' 
dormitory were engaged. Thus we see the 
need for enlarging and completing Scott 
Hall. 

There is reason for encouragement in the 
character of our student body. In former 
years there has been almost a new body of 
students after the holidays. This year we 
have our students planning for the work of 
the year, not simply one term. Work in a 
new country is always more broken than in 
older communities. It is encouraging to see 
our school work here taking a more system- 
atic form. 

We have recently heard statements from a 
number of people who have known Bacone 
for years, and the reports they give are all 
hopeful. Our friends who are looking on 
are reporting that we have a good school 
and that the standard now is as high as at 
any time in the best days of Bacone. Such 
reports help us to look ahead cheerfully and 
hopefully. They will also have a tendency 
to bring us more students, and more students 
call for better buildings and accommodadons. 
Thus these evidences which we see, giving 
us hope for a prosperous year, are also calb 
for greater effort and more money to put 
our equipment in shape to give our young 
people the best possible advantages. Eveiy 
department of our work is in an encouraging 
condition, and we confidently look forward 
with the belief that 191 1 is to be the best jeaLTf 
along all lines of work, that Bacone has ever 
enjoyed. J. Harvey Randall, Presiiifii. 

A Danish-Norwegian Mission in Boston 

The Boston Baptist City Mission Sodetj 
and the Massachusetts Baptist Missionaij 
Society have united in the suppoit of a 
missionary among the Norwegians and 
Danes in Boston. Rev. Jacob R. Laison 
will be in charge of the work. 




MISSIONS 



213 



CHAPEL 'CAR AND COL PORTER 



LuigiRuspiiii'sColportageWorkinnevYork 

BY SUPT. ROBERT WALKER 

Our missions in the city are five in number, 
and normally Ruspini devotes one day each 
week to each of the districts and Saturday 
afternoon to the largest of all, that situated 
around Washington Square, in the neigh- 
borhood of the Judson Memorial Church. 
The visits he pays are not perfunctory calls 
for the sake of selling his books, but real 
evangelistic visits wherein he gets into con- 
versation with the families. When families 
or individuab begin to frequent a service 
we try to get Ruspini to call and offer his 
literature, especially the Scriptures. He 
finds it less easy to approach and interest the 
people here than lie did in Italy. This is 
probably due to the fact that over yonder 
they had less to do with their time, or that 
they had fewer distractions there than here. 
He gives the names and addresses of the 
families referred to and we seek to follow 
them up by pastoral visits as opportunity 



offers. Her 



 reports of these 



1. Well received, especially by the sons, 
who would willingly have bought something 
but were hindered by the mother, who al- 
leged hard times and poor health as her 
reasons. (This family is always accessible 
to us now.) 

2. The husband showed utter indifference, 
but the wife and brother-in-law received 
me kindly and bought one tract. 

3. Husband and wife both sincerely in- 
terested, but the prolonged strike of the 
tailors has reduced them to very poor con- 
ditions. (A request for spectacles has been 
acceded to, and these two have been bap- 
tized into the Memorial Church.) 

4. Father and two daughters received 
me well. It seemed to me that the father 
had some diffidence in talking of the gospel 
with bis children. We must encourage him. 
(Not confined to Italian fathers.) 

5. Father died. Have hopes of gaining 



MISSIONS 



the son and his wife. The widow is veiy 
irrespDnsive, but with God all things are 
possible. 

6. Husband and wife, veiy decent people 
but very ignorant and therefore require 
much looking after. 

Such cases might be almost indefinitely 
cited, but these give a good idea of the kind 
of ground he hit to wort in. He tells of the 
special needs of (he Mariners' Temple dis- 
tria, where the people are always on the 
move, so that often he can only see some of 
them once. When he returns they have 
left the district. Ten families in this 
quarter received him well. During the vaca- 
tion of the pastor, Kuspini was almost ex- 
clusively occupied in this part of the city, 
and sold a good number of tracts and books. 
His help in the meetings at this time was 
much appreciated by the people. 



At Ellb Island 
Missionary' Lodsin's work is full 
dent. He finds many people anxiou: 
Testaments and tracts. One Rus; 
says, after receiving a Gospel, wen 
window and wiped his eyes to tn' 
the tears after hearing me adt-ise ihe 
to read and obey the Word of God, a 
they would be blessed in this counti 
people would like them. One day 
Lettish girls came who had not been : 
make themselves understood. Afier 



them the needed advice about baggagi 
he gave them Lenish tracts, not 1 
Lettish Gospels at the moment. Thq 



help us." This 
fulness that is ni 

well as Russian! 



angel sent from C 
! the touch of human 
forgotten. In the ci 
met many Jews in the pa 
ms and Poles, and he $9 
lys willing to listen outs 
is hard (o get them insid 



church, but it 

This is the way his work tells. He 
"In a Russian home on Cherry Street I 
a man and wife n-ith two small childr 
presented them with a Russian Bible, 
next time I called on them I had the pl< 
to find both of them bending over tha 
cious Bible, and since then one of the: 
been at meeting each time, while the 
stayed at home to tend the children. I 
tried to have our people attend the 






>f inei- 
for the 



possible, and so 
igclized and .Americanized i 

.ded the Fridav and Sunday- 
for which, as well . 
Mariner's Temple, I giv 




MISSIONS 



Tba Divine Reuon of the Cross 

In this icadj of die atonement as the 
TMjon^i of the univeise. Dr. Mabie's thesis 
ii 1 unique cmiception of vicariousness, the 
self-mediation of God-in-Christ, which he 
regards as the central thfng in the gospel. 
This atonement is the ground purpose of 
the redeeming God. The fact and character 
of this mediation are brought out and illus- 
trated with the force and charm which we 
expect from Dr. Mabie, who has thought for 
many years on the fundamental truths of 
the gospel. Many a long and learned 
treatise on this mysterious subject will be 
found less satisfactoiy than this. In a 
cosmic atonement the author sees a common 
ground for faith and philosophy. (Revell; 
tl net; pp. i86.) 

"Dlscursos Biblicos" 

This is the title of a little Spanish volume 
containing six seimons preached in the course 
of his ministry in the Calvaiy Baptist Church 
of New York, wher« on Sunday afternoons 
the author. Rev, Samuel F, Gordiano, minis- 
ters to a congregation of his people. The 
book is dedicated to Dr. MacArthur, who has 
been from the first an enthusiastic advocate 
of the Spanish-speaking work connected 
with his church. Dr. MacArthur has written 
a felicitous introduction, and Piof. Hugh 
Black adds an appreciation. The subjects 
□f the sermons are: "God in Loye;" "The 
Reign of God;" "Christ and His Works;" 
"Personal Influence;" "The Great Career;" 
"Voices of the New Year." These sermons 
deserve to find many readers who are fa- 
miliar with the Spanish language, and it 
may be secured of Mr. Gordiano, address, 
Calvaiy Baptist Church, New York City. 
The price is fi. The second edition will be 
published by the American Tract Society, 



and will doubtless have a very wide reading. 
Mr. Gordiano, in addition to his fruitful ter* 
vice with the Calvaiy Church, has devoted 
much time during the last two summers^to 
special Christian work among the Spanish- 
speaking people under the auspices of the 
Evangelistic Committee of New York City, 
c. L. w. 
Autumn Leav«i froon Auam 
Under this title Mrs. P. H. Moore has 
continued her Journal, the previous parts 
having been published under the title* 
"Twenty Years in Assam" and "Further 
Leaves from Assam." In this Journal the 
uho has now completed thirty years 






eofw 



1, gives 



detail the incidents of her daily life. To 
many the little volume, printed at the Bap- 
tist Mission Press in Calcutta, will be of 
interest, giving them intimate glimpses into 
a missionary's experiences. It forms ma- 
terial also for the writing of history in days 
to come. Mrs. Moore closes her record 
with this entry; "June 30. Thus we Rnish 
our thirty years and more of work in Assam. 
To continue in the good work is our wish. 
Assam for Christ is our prayer." Gleanings 
from this Journal could be made veiy sug- 
gestive in women's missionary meetings. 

"In Kali's Cotmtry" 

In these twelve sketches Mrs. Emily T. 
Sheets, who accompanied her husband on a 
missionary tour, pictures in vivid colors some 
of the condirions with which missionaries are 
confronted and some of the work ihey do. 
The pages throb with life, and one of these 
sketches read at a missionary meeting would 
interest even the most lethargic. The literary 
quality is equal to the unfailing human in- 
terest. We see the fakir in his unavaihng 
search for peace, the English official brought 



MISSIONS 



If through ;thc^iielpfulness' and 
^ornan missionary, the helpless 
td her rescue by the mission, 

native (Old Sara) and her 
iselfish service, the Parsi con- 

a story that might well put to 
erican young woman declaring 

Christian, and other striking 
characters and scenes. Read- 
l, revealing, this is a mission- 
iep interest and value. (Fleming 
. Illustrated; $i net.) 

iliflsions in Burma 

x)klet in the Historical Series of 
Jociety, bearing the ritle above, 
best publicarions of its class, in 
tractive, and furnishing the in- 
sired by one who really would 
•ast and present work in Burma, 
ure revision of the sketch pub- 
>, with a new dress. Send fifteen 
> see how beautiful and readable 
ork it is. (Literature Depart- 
ican Bapdst Foreign Mission 
I Building, Boston.) 

ihort and Effective 

ets just from the Home Mission 
epartment are "A Practical 
he Reflex of Home Missions," 
nap Shots." Each tells its story 
pithy style, and this is the kind 
iion literature that is pretty sure 
id wherever read it will leave an 
Here is a sentence from "Four 
: "If the United States may be 
'done gone and expanded,' so 
be said of the Home Mission 
ne who reads that will be likely 
ler. 

. Attractive Periodical 

' School, the new publication by 
ion Society, is one of the most 
;riodicals it has issued, both in 
and contents. It merits the 
is rapidly attaining. 




Missions in the Magazines 

The American Indian figates lacgely in 
the material this month. The Sewanee 
Review for January contains ** Indian Life 
in Wyoming," well written and interesung. 
Two tribes, the Shoshones, original owners* 
of the territory, and the Arapahoes, arc de- 
scribed and compared. Their customs and 
traits are depicted. Supersdrion still pre- 
vails to a marked extent. Within the 
memory of living missionaries a child bom 
with two teeth has been thrown into the 
river, being considered a changeling bringing 
ill luck upon his unfortunate family. The 
good work of the government schools and 
the results of the mission work carried on 
among the tribes are menrioned. The 
Canadian Magazine for January oflxrs 
"An Ancient Indian Fort." This fort was 
built by the Crow Indians where they took 
their last stand against the Blackfoot tribe 
who came from the timber country to the 
north of the present city of Edmonton, and 
drove them out of the country towards the 
Missouri. A story of ranch life, enritled 
"Blue Pete," also appears in this issue. 
Horse thieves and ranch justice figure in 
the story, which is colored by the personality 
of the Indian half-breed. Blue Pete. The 
Overland Monthly for January contributes 
to our Indian material, "Alone on the Trail," 
a weird story disastrously romanric. 

The Century continues its series of Ken- 
tucky Mountain Sketches in the amusing 
narrative, "The Fightingest Boy," and 
gleefully we watch this pugnacious individual 
succumb before his appointed desriny. Con- 
tinuing on our way through the condnent. 
World* s Work for February contains another 
installment of Booker T. Washington's 
autibiography, "Chapters from my Ex- 
perience." In this number Mr. Washington 
explains why he has never accepted govern- 
ment employment, describes his acquaint- 
ance with Colonel Roosevelt, and gives his 
estimate of the ex-President, taking up at 
some length the mischief-making dinner 
episode. 

The National Geographic Magatine for 
December contains much interesting infor- 
mation about Mexico, its archeology, the 
life of its people and its agricultural possi- 
bilities. Condnuing south, we arrive at the 
Caribbean Sea, and McClure's here contrib- 
utes a passionate, bloodthirsty story of 



MISSIONS 



217 



crime and retribution^ — not agreeable but 
unpleasantly realisdc. 

The Philippines are represented in the 
Overland Monthly by "Justice Untempered," 
a savage story of wrongs perpetrated by 
base natives in prominent positions, — 
wrongs righted by the hated Americans. 

The present conflict between Church and 
State in Spain is clearly considered and 
discussed by a Spanish professor in the 
North American Review for February. 
At the close of the article the author asks 
two significant quesrions: Will the revo- 
lution of the bourgeois liberals (above all, 
die monarchists) be sustained veiy long? 
Can the atdtude of the king be counted on ? 

"How America Got Into Manchuria," in 
die February Century, is inside histoiy of 
America's diplomatic fight for the open 
door and equality of trade. It complements 
"How America Got Into China," in the 
January number. 

A story, "The House of the Cherry Or- 
chard/' gives a glimpse of Japan, but Japan 
as seen by Americans and with American 
journalists as the main characters in the 
ili^t plot. A little poem in the Century, 
"A Japanese Wood Carving," is a dainty 
and charming bit of word-paindng. 

Scrthners for February contains "The 
Gateway to India," by Price Collier, the 
second of a series of arddes on the West 
in the East from an American point of view. 
At the outset the writer gives an idea of the 
problems that are rife in India. He con- 
trasts with the perfect equality of Moham- 
medanism the exdusiveness of Christianity, 
and affirms that the Indians have no wish 
for representadve government or for Chris- 
tianity. There is not even a Chrisdan club 
in India in which the nadve can become 
a member. "The Chrisdan missionary 
seems almost the one fine and genuine thing 
left." After speaking thus seriously of 
Indian condidcms, he enters upon a whim- 
sical account of social life in Bombay, and 
expadates upon the wonderful ability and 
taa of the governor's aid-de-camp. Both 
BlackwooeTs Magazine and the National 
Review in their January numbers take up at 
length Mr. Valentine Chirol's recent book, 
"Unrest in India." According to both 
criddsms, the book gives a clear and 
fascinating picture of die present polidcal 
condtdoo^of India and is a work which will 



attract the attention of thinking men in 
Europe. In the National Geographic Maga- 
zine appears a thoughtful article by Melville 
E. Stone, General Manager of the Associated 
Press, upon the subject of " Race Prejudice 
in the Far East." This might be called a 
plea for a square deal: "As a soldier, 
whether at Omdurman, in the Sudan, or on 
203-Metre Hill, at Port Arthur, the man of 
color has shown himself a right good fight- 
ing man; in commerce he has, by his in- 
dustry, perseverance, ingenuity and frugality, 
given us pause, and before the eternal throne 
his temporal and his spiritual welfare are 
worth as much as yours or mine." 

Africa also is not forgotten. In Cornhill 
Magazine for January the well-written 
series of articles entitled "Pastels under 
the Southern Cross" are continued. These 
are descriptive of Rhodesia, South Africa. 
"The Snow Fields and Glaciers of Kenia" 
depicts the delights of winter travel in 
equatorial East Africa. 

Pall Mall also contains an exciting story 
entitled "A Dog — and Unclean." This is 
another of the adventures of Miss Gregory, 
the storied Englishwoman, whose experiences 
have been appearing in magazines on both 
sides of the Atlantic. In this story the 
honors are divided between the lady, an 
ascedc missionary returning to his station 
oh the edge of a Syrian desert, and an ener- 
gedc castaway dog. The denouement illus- 
trates the expiatory instinct of the missionary. 
The venturesome lady is also to be found in 
McClure's, where she aids the Turkish 
Governor of Andjerrah, near Aden, to care 
for the plague sufferers of the little village. 
The whole atmosphere and setting of this 
tale are essendally eastern, and the charac- 
terizing of the educated Turk is exceedingly 
true to life. 

In "The Rug of her Fadiers" McClure's 
takes us back to America. This is a good 
story of Syrian life in America. To turn 
from die immigrant in pardcular to die im- 
migrant in general, "The Immigrant and the 
Farm," in The World Today, is an interesting 
protrayal of an experiment showing why the 
immigrant does not move from the crowded 
dty into the open country. This experiment 
was made at the University of Chicago 
setdement in the Polish-Slovak neighborhood 
back of the stock yards, and had for its open 
field the farms of Wisconsin and Illinois. 



2l8 



MISSIONS 



Financial Statements of the Societies 



American Baptist Foreign Mission Socie^ 

Financial Statemtnt for ton monthi, tnding Janvary 31» 1911 



Sourca of Inooma 

Churches, Young People's Sodeties and Sunday 
Schools (apportioned to churches) .... 

Individuals (estimated) 

Legacies, Income of Pimds, Annuity Bonds, 
Specific Gifts, etc. (estimated) 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 
(Convention 



Budget for 
1910-1911 

$563,455.00 
175,000.00 

194.527.00 



$932,982.00 



Raosiptsfor 



lipts 
lion 



Ten Months 

$159,216.38 
42.459.32 

126.043.76 



$327,719.46 



Comparison of Raceipti with Those of Last Tear 
First ten monois of Financial Tear 



Source of Income 1910 

Churches, Young People's Societies and Sunday ) 

Schools { •$150,262.04 

Individu^ ) 

Legacies. Income of Ptmds, Annuity Bonds. 

Specific CHfts. etc 124.0(X).61 



1911 

$159,216.38 
42.459.82 

126.043.76 



Balance 

Reoitired by 

Har. 31, 1911 

$404,238.62 
132.540.68 

68.483.24 



$605,282.54 



Int 

$51,413.66 

2.043.15 



$274,262.65 $327,719.46 $53,456.81 

•Previous to 1910 the receipts from individuals were not reported separately from those from churches. 
Young People's Societies and Sunday Schools. A small amount of specific gifts is included in thh figure. 



The American Baptist Home Mission Society 

Finandal Statement for ten months, ending January 31, 1911 

Source of Income Budget for Receipts for 

1910^1911 Ten Months 

Churches, Sunday Schools and Young People's 

Societies (apportioned to churches) . . . $382,276.42 $103,793.75 

Individuals 125.0(X).00 6,260.28 

Legacies, Annuity Bonds, Income Invested 

Funds 168.792.00 146.393.86 

$666,068.42 $256,447.89 

Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Tear 
for ten months of Financial Tear 

1909-1910 1910-1911 Increase 

Churches. Stmday Schools and Young People's 

Societies $93,681.00 $103,793.75 $10,112.76 

Individuals 12.538.23 6.250.28 

Legacies, Annuity Bonds. Income Invested 

Funds, etc 146.312.56 146.393.86 1.081.30 

$251,631.79 $256,447.89 $11,194.05 



Balance 
Required by 
. 31, 1911 

$278,482.67 
118,739.72 

12.398.14 

$409,620.63 



$6,277.95 



$6,277.95 



American Baptist Publication Society 

Financial Statement for ten months, ending January 31, 1911 

Source of Income Budget for Receipts for 

1910-1911 ten Months 

Churches. Young People's Societies and Sunday 

Schools (apportioned to churches) .... $104,189.00 $60,729.48 

Individuals (estimated) 10,000.00 5,103.95 

Legacies, Income of Funds. Annuity Bonds 

(estimated) 51.404.00 27,624.72 

Total Budget as Approved by Northern Baptist 

Convention $165,593.00 $93,458.15 

Comparison of Receipts with Those of Last Tear 
First ten months of Financial Tear 

Source of Income 1909-1910 1910-1911 Increase 

Churches, Young People's Societies. Sunday 

Schools $59,816.18 $60,729.48 $913.30 

Individuals 4,483.70 5.103.95 620.25 

Legacies, income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, 

Specific Gifts, etc 23,693.93 27.624.72 3,930.79 

$87,993.81 $93,468.15 $5,464.34 



Balance 

Required by 

Mar. 31, 1911 

$43,459.52 
4.896.05 

23.779.28 



S72.134.85 



MISSIONS 



Beautiful Easter 

Day of the crucified Lord's resurrection ; 

Day that the Lord by His triumph hath made ; 
Day of Redemption's seal of perfection ; 

Day of the Crown of His power displayed; 
Beautiful Easter; dazzlingly bright; 
Sun-Day that filleth all Sundays with light! 

He who redeemethy consoleth, forgiveth; 

Who His own body raised up from the dead, 
Holdeth all evil in bondage and liveth. 

Source of all blessing, our Life and our Head. 
It is His glory that maketh thee bright, 
Sun-Day that filleth all Sundays with light! 

Harriet McEwen Kimball. 




210 



The Adaptable Church 

QHE Church of the living God is a living Church, and there- 
fore will adapt itself to environment. While it will not 
change in essentials, it will adapt itself to changing con- 
ditions which do not affect the essentials, but which keep 
it a living power in a progressing civilization. 
If there is an unnecessary chasm between the Church 
and people outside, the adaptable Church will seek to bridge the 



The adaptable Church will be new in some respects, but it will be 
old in its fundamental doctrines. 

It will never get beyond the doctrine of salvation through faith 
in JcBua Christ. 

But it can and does lay new emphasis on the further teaching that 
salvation through faith must manifest itself by works of righteous- 
ness and by righteous character. 

The adaptable Church is not less spiritual but more ethical. 

It is not less individual but more social — a brotherhood and not 
a loose collection of atoms. 

The adaptable Church is not less locally alert and aggressive but 
mon distinctively and zealously missionary. 

The adaptable Church modernizes its methods to square with the 
wisest methods (£ the day. In raising money for its benevolences and 
current expenses alike, it abandons the spasmodic for the systematic. 

It sets up its standards for internal development and world evan- 
gdiZfttiim* These standards include: I. A unified church budget. 
2. Weekly giving through the duplex envelope. 3. A missionary com- 
mittee. 4. Every member a contributor. 5. Ten cents per week per 
member as die minimun for missions. 6. A missionary educational 
campaign. 7. Bible study for the whole church. 8. Steady evangel- 
ism in the local field. 



MISSIONS 



A Missionary Pastor 



B 



HE first essential 
a standardized 
ary church is : 
sionary pastor, 
pastor is the key 



The 
< the 
If he is in- 
mission s the 
ill be more indifferent. If he 



different ti 



church 

is half-interested the church will be 
perhaps one-third interested. If he is 
aflame with zeal for missions the church 
will respond, sometimes unexpectedly 
and nobly, but will still average a little 
below his missionary level. 

The pastor cannot avoid a heavy 
responsibility for his leadership in this 
matter of missions. It rests altogether 
too much with him to determine what 
the attitude and spirit and benevolence 
of the church shall be. When the lay- 
men shall be further developed the 
pastor will be reheved somewhat of 
this load. But at present he is the key. 

Already there are instances not a few 
where a non-missionary pastor (a seem- 
ing contradiction in terms but unfortu- 
nately a fact) has been prodded by his 
members who have caught the broader 
and truer view of the work of the church 
and the claims of the Master. In other 
instances pastors who were formerly 
afraid to preach and talk and awaken 
enthusiasm concerning missions have, 
by reason of recent movements, taken 
heart and been surprised and over- 
joyed at the result of pressing home 
upon the people their relations to the 



wider interests of the kingdom of God. 
The importance of a real, live, ag- 
gressive, informed missionary pastor 
cannot be over-emphasized. 

And one point is worth bearing in 
mind, and is commended to the students 
in our seminaries: Not only is a mis- 
sionary pastor essential, but a standard- 
ized missionary church will have no 
other kind. 



Tbe Plague in China 

THE reports from China are most 
distressing. Famine and the 
plague have filled the land with terror. 
Dr. Samuel Cochran, an American 
engaged in relief work, says that a 
million people will probably die before 
the first crop is harvested, and this crop 
will be scanty because the people have 
no strength to plow and no animals re- 
maining to do the work. The Chinese 
direct their efforts to the control of the 
plague along the railways and frontiers. 
Modern sanitation has had great effect 
where it has been introduced, but few 
of the doctors among the Chinese and 
Russians are familiar with the modem 
methods. Medical authorities say that 
such an epidemic as the present one, 
which is entirely pneumonic, has not 
visited the world since the Middle Ages. 
So far America and Japan are the only 
countries that have contributed to aid 
the sufferers. The assistance is totally 
inadequate. It is estimated that two 
million persons are subsisting on roots 
and grasses. 



MISSIONS 



223 



In this dark time the heroism and 
devotion of the missionaries shine out 
oonspicuouslyy both in the relief work 
and the medical. They are in many 
places the distributors of relief, and 
expose their lives constantly in the dis- 
charge of their painful duties. A press 
report says that at Sha-Yang, for 
example, in Hupeh Province, twenty- 
one persons were trampled to death in a 
rush of starving Chinese for food which 
the missionaries were attempting to 
distribute. Their lives were in peril in 
the fierce struggle of those mad from 
hunger. The missionaries tell of tragic 
occurrence^ and a daily death rate that 
is appalling. The Chinese come to 
know the true character of the foreign 
missionaries in rimes like these. The 
best way to contribute relief funds is 
through the missionary societies, not 
through special newspaper funds. 

** Missions *' and the Budget 

THE two go together. They are 
strong allies. Every Baptist needs 
them both — the Budget for expression. 
Missions for information and stimula- 
tion. Missions contains the informa- 
tion needed regarding plans, methods 
and policies of apportionment and 
Budget. It answers the questions that 
have been raised and explains why modi- 
fications have been proposed. It shows 
why the annual Budget campaign should 
begin in April, the first month of the 
fiscal year of the societies, instead of 
letting the matter go by default for the 
first third or half of the year. It tells 
aU readers what Baptists are for, what 
good Baptists are doing, and by what 
new methods they are effectively pro- 
moting the chief causes of their existence. 
Missions puts this information in a 
manner that attracts business men. Its 
"set up'' of missions appeals to their 
good judgment and business sense. 
They are among its most interested 
readers, and their good word is increas- 



ing its circulation. If Missions had a 
hundred thousand subscribers, that 
would mean at least two hundred thou- 
sand readers. And that surely would 
lead to the carrying of our annual 
Budget campaigns to successful issues 
with needed advance to meet new 
conditions. 

The readers of Missions are the 
givers. Non-subscribers are the non- 
givers both in the giving and non-giving 
churches. Wherever Missions is intro- 
duced, a club meaning five subscribers 
as a minimum, an efficient lever for the 
raising of the Budget is soon eff*ectively 
prying at the hearts, consciences and 
purses of the church members. Add 
to this the prayers and tact of the 
pastor and a few of his best men and 
the thing is done. Missionary readers 
will be missionaiy members, and a 
missionaiy church is always a living 
evangel in its own community, and 
from there on to the ends of the earth. 

Justice to Japan 

THE Senate has ratified the treaty 
made by our government with Japan, 
to the great joy of the latter nation and 
the gratification of the best people of 
our own land. Japan is now placed 
on the same basis as other nations, and 
the restrictions upon the immigration 
of her people are removed from the 
treaty. This does not mean that our 
government will not restrict Japanese 
immigration by such provisions as may 
be deemed wise, and to this Japan 
agrees. But it does mean that we shall 
not insult a friendly nation by treaty 
discriminations implying inferiority and 
undesirability. It also makes it difficult 
for Congressman Hobson to exert 
further injurious influence by his rabid 
war talk. 

The effects of such unwarranted 
assertions as have been made by him 
and others in regard to Japan's feeling 
have been most baneful in Japan, as 



224 



MISSIONS 



Missionary Briggs made clear in a 
forcible address before the Boston 
Social Union recently. He gave the 
results of his own close acquaintance 
with the Japanese people in all parts of 
Japan, and declared that the war state- 
ments were absolutely without founda- 
tion and as wicked as anything that could 
possibly be invented. Many Japanese 
were deceived, owing to the official 
positions of some of the American 
fomenters of strife. But the new treaty 
will make it possible to counteract all 
such influences, and will make the work 
of our missionaries easier. This coun- 
try, indeed, owes much to them for the 
high opinion of America held by the 
Japanese; and happily the Japanese 
recognize the good that has come to 
their land through the teaching and 
example of the Christian missionaries. 
It is all the more satisfactory that the 
United States should be the first nation 
to treat with Japan upon the favored 
nation basis. President Taft has in 
this rendered good service all around. 

(8) 

A Guidepost, not a Goal 

THAT is an idea to fix firmly in the 
mind. Apportionment is a guide- 
post, not a goal. The guidepost points 
the way to the goal. He who stops at 
the guidepost will not reach the goal. 
The guidepost is exceedingly important 
and useful as a guidepost; it would be 
a great misfortune to mistake it for the 
destination. 

Apportionment in our missionary 
nomenclature indicates the minimum 
from the churches which will enable 
the Baptists to carry on at present pace 
their missionary work, and that only by 
strictest economy and paring at every 
practicable point. 

This, of course, is not the missionary 
goal which the Baptists would like to 
establish and acknowledge before the 
world. 

If the apportionment for 1911-12 



is a million and a half, the goal for the 
year ought to be at least two millions, 
in order to make any advance and 
respond to the most urgent of the needs 
that call on every side. 

Let it not be supposed that full duty 
is done when the apportionment is met. 
Keep the distinction clear between a 
pointer and the point. Do not forget 
that the guidepost is only on the way 
to the goal, and that the apportionment 
is a missionary guidepost, not the 
Master's goal. 



Seeking Trouble 

THE German chancellor has warned 
the Vatican that persistence in 
issuing decrees aflPecting Germany with- 
out previous consultation with the 
government would lead to retaliation. 
The immediate cause of controversy is 
the papal requirement that theological 
professors must take an anti-modernist 
oath. The chancellor announced that 
teachers taking such an oath would not 
be permitted in future to teach history 
or German in the middle schools, and 
the government would also consider 
the matter of oath-taking when filling 
other state posts. He said further 
that if the Vatican continued to ignore 
the representations of the Prussian 
Minister at the Holy See, the abolition 
of the legation might be involved. If 
the Vatican is bent on destroying the 
friction of a papal court and legations 
it is pursuing the right course. 

In our own country there is another 
manifestation of effort at priest control 
in the matter of the schools. In Cincinnati 
an order has been issued by the arch- 
bishop that parents who send their 
children to other than the parish schools 
shall not receive absolution from the 
priests. How the Catholic parents ac- 
customed to the liberty of the United 
States will treat this pronounced usurpa- 
tion on the part of the ecclesiastics re- 
mains to be seen. In the past such 



MISSIONS 



225 



pronouncements have been so widely 
disregarded as to show their futility. 
But apparently all along the line the 
Roman Catholic authorities are feeling 
out to see how far they can go. The 
more rigidly the lines are drawn, the 
sooner they will snap in this peculiar 
climate. 

About the Banquet Idea 

EVERY cause has its critic, and 
the Layman's Banquet has no 
reason to escape common lot. The 
Movement will, doubtless, be ready to 
"meet to eat*' no more when a better 
method to accomplish the desired end 
is presented. Meanwhile be sure there 
is a psychological magnet in the 
banquet idea. 

Here are two testimonies from sources 
that have weight with Baptists. At 
least, they used to have, when names 
counted. 

Dr. Wayland said: "There is a great 
deal of religion in a good cup of tea." 
Dr. Wayland usually knew what he was 
talking about, and he was as highly 
regarded for his good sense as for his 
sterling character. 

Dr. Robinson, also of Brown University, 
said: "One of the essential elements of 
all friendship is gastric juice." And 
President Robinson was never noted 
for overflow of fellowship. 

A third testimony comes from one of 
the most successful working Social 
Unions in the country: "We always 
have a splendid supper and good 
speeches afterwards. There is wisdom 
in having the supper first." 

If you feel critical of the idea, go to 
one of the Laymen's Banquets and 
observe carefully. You will see how the 
sitting together at table, the informal 
fellowship, the sense of solidarity, 
prepares the way for what is to come. 
And our word for it, you will find your- 
self as congenial and happy and inter- 
ested as the men around you. The 



Laymen's Banquet is an institution, 
based on sound principles, and it does 
the business. 



& 



Reaching the Men 

SINCE the beginning of the Lay- 
men's campaign Secretary Stack- 
house has already had the chance of 
seeing and speaking to more than twelve 
thousand of our Baptist laymen. In 
the week ending March 4, at banquets 
held chiefly in New York State, he 
faced over sixteen hundred men. It 
is safe to say that not a man of the 
entire twelve thousand has failed to 
receive some impression, and certainly 
every one knows something definite 
about missions and the Baptist ob- 
jective in missions. If that were all, 
the result would mean much for the 
future. But that is far from all. In 
scores of known instances, men of in- 
fluence and means have been led to see 
the missionary function of the church 
and their personal relations to the 
evangelization of the world in entirely 
new light. Where before they were in 
the way, now they are opening new 
ways and eager to make up for lost time. 
Young men are developing leadership 
and many a layman is for the first time 
tasting the joys of responsibility and 
active service. 

The Baptist Laymen's Movement is 
young, but it has made a splendid start. 
It is reaching the men. 

(8) 

The Pink SUp 

If you find a pink slip in your magazine, 
it means that ^ou are near the expiration 
of your subscription, and that we are de- 
sirous to receive your renewal and remit- 
tance jpromptly, so that there may be no 
loss ox a number. The postal law allows 
us to insert the slip in the form of a bill 
and not merely a notice. This will explain 
the form and take off any apparent abrupt- 
ness in sending what seems a bill for an 
indebtedness not yet incurred. Renew 
through your club agent, if you are in a 
club. 



Note and Comment 



ing in the tirs: 
and the mattei 



H HIS 'number of Missions 
is devoted distinctively to 
fuithering the Appoition- 
menl and Budget plans for 
the year just now begin- 
ning. It will be a great 
thing if the churches can 
be induced to begin giv- 
month of the fiscal year, 
s laid before our readers 
Not that there is lack of 
other features, however. Field Secretary 
Barnes opens up a new enterprise in Central 
America in a most interesting way; Mission- 
ary Brock shows how the caste and non- 
caste children can be brought together in 
Christian schools in India; Dr. Spalding lets 
us see something of a quarter century's 
service as a district secretary; the Laymen's 
Movement gets an unusual setting forth, 
such as its etFective campaign deserves; all 
the depanments are full to overflowing. Yet 
the articles unused greatly exceed in number 
those given. Do not miss the May number, 
nor allow your subscription to expire. 

1 In the May number of Missions we shall 
set forth the striking features of the great 
city where the Baptist meetings are to be 
held, a city that takes us back to the founda- 
tion days of the Republic, and that has a 
notable present as well as a notable history. 
Make your plans now to go to Philadelphia 
in June, but took out for the next number 
of the magazine. It will tell you just the 
things you wish to know in advance of 
going. 

^ "Baptist Day," observed throughout the 
worid on Sunday, June 25 — that is an inspir- 
ing idea of the World Alliance executive 
committee. To take an offering and give 
it for out Baptist work in eastern Europe is 
an equally good idea. Now is the strategic 
time for us in Russia and other portions of 
Europe. Do not fail to send to the com- 



mittee at 1701 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, 
for a copy of the program specially prepared 
for the day. More dian that, do not fail to 
observe the day. 

^ Our papers have been disciming the 
names of various eminent Baptist! for presi- 
dent of the Baptist World Alliance, among 
them Dr. MacArthur, Dr. Hatcher of Vir- 
ginia, and President Mullins of Louisville 
Seminary. Some have claimed that the 
South is entitled to this position, although 
the reason is not clear. Certainly, as pastor 
for forty years of a great metropolitan 
church, as preacher, traveler, author and 
lecturer, as an accomplished parliamentarian 
and cultured Christian gentleman, the 
American Baptists have no more widdy 
known or fitting representative than Di. 
MacArthur. He gets our unpurchasable and 
unsolicited advance vote. 
^ There is a church in Pennsylvania, and a 
large one, which proposes to have a copy of 
Missions in every home. It should be no 
surprise to add that this church sustains a 
work among foreign-speaking peoples, and 
also gives largely towards the work in other 

^ By the time this number reaches our 
readers the year's record of offering will 
have been made up. If any reader, realiz- 
ing that it is too late for any change, should 
feel dissatisfied with the amount given for 
the great cause of missions, let this be a 
reminder that the new fiscal year Ix^ns die 
moment the old fiscal year close*, and that 
there will never be a better time to add that 
unmade or inadequate offering of 1910-11 
to the new one for 1911-12, and forward 
the total to the proper church officer. 
^ We think it was Horace Bushndl whc 
said that some married couples were sewei 
together and some only basted. In tb 
light of the present divorce ttatiatics d 



MI SSIONS 



227. 



"basted'' couples seem to be increasing at 
most disastrous rate. Bushnell's remark 
might also be applied to the pastoral relation 
as well as the matrimonial. The divorce 
rate there too is pitifully high. Short 
pastorates mean shrinkage of power. 

^ In introducing Josiah Jones and his 
experiences to our readers the editor does 
not feel that he is- breaking the general rule 
regarding the printing of poetry, because he 
does not regard this as reaching up to that 
disuncrion. It is colloquial rhyme, which 
affords a medium for putting some things 
that could not be so effectively put in the 
ordinary way of prose. Josiah, by the way, 
is typical of a certain class of church mem- 
bers, and the case is not wholly one of 
ficrion. We wish the conversion were as 
common as the original character. 

f A secretarial council has been organized 
composed of the men in the various denomi- 
narions who have immediate responsibility 
for the development of missionary interest 
and work among men, together with repre- 
sentatives of the interdenominational Lay- 
men's Missionary Movement. The object is 
to prevent duplicarion of effort, and to make 
the denominational movements harmonious 
with the general oiganization. This is a wise 
step. The Laymen's Missionary Movement 
has now reached the broad basis of mission- 
ary inspiration, and with all the forces 
working in unison of plan and purpose there 
ought to be large results of good. 

f We are in the whirl of Movements, and 
it is fortunate that they are of such a character 
that we can welcome them. The Men and 
Religion Forward Movement proposes to 
link all the other movements together and 
make a comprehensive effort to evangelize 
the men and hoys in our communities who 
are now out of touch with the churches, 
or at least not in them. The Christian 
AssociadonSy Laymen's Missionary Move- 
ment, Men's Brotherhoods and Young 
People's Missionary Movement are all 
enlisted in this effort, and an extensive 
campaign, similar in sweep to the Laymen's 
Caurnpaign of last year, will begin in Sep- 
tember. 

^ How rapidly the current phrases get fitted 
into speech. A minister recently described 
himself to t cifcle of friends as the insurgent 



pastor of a stand-pat church. There is a 
volume in a sentence. It describes the 
missionary situation in too many churches. 
But occasionally it is the church that is the 
missionary insurgent, and the pastor that 
is the stand-patter. 

Tl The transportation committee of the 
Northern Baptist Convention has appointed 
Mr. H. V. Meyer, manager of the Boston 
Branch of the American Baptist Publica- 
tion Society, transportation leader for New 
England. His address is 16 Ashburton 
Place, Boston, Mass. There ought to be 
half a dozen special New England trains 
for Philadelphia this year. 

^ The central West owed much in the 
generation now closing, so far as Baptist 
development is concerned, to two men. Dr. 
Justin A. Smith, editor, and Edward Good- 
man, part proprietor, of the Standard. They 
came together upon the paper in 1853, in the 
days when the Baptist work was largely 
pioneer in what was then the real West, 
while now it is only central. They devoted 
their lives to the upbuilding of the kingdom 
of God through the denomination in whose 
principles they believed with unshakable 
conviction. To their wise councils and 
superb qualities of mind and heart it was 
due that vexatious problems were peaceably 
solved. Dr. Smith passed away many years 
ago; Mr. Goodman, in the closing days of 
February, at an advanced age. He was of 
singularly lovable character, and not only 
struggled heroically to maintain a paper 
worthy of the denomination, but served in 
many capacities of trust and honor. He 
was long treasurer of the Morgan Park 
Theological Seminary, and a deacon and 
ardent supporter of the First Baptist Church, 
which he saw build and rebuild and remove 
and rebuild again. Probably no Baptist in 
the great West was more beloved, and his 
influence will long abide. 



A Word About Renewals 

Remember that the date to which your 
subscription is paid is indicated on the 
wrapi>er. Those whose subscriptions have 
expired will aid us greatly if they will 
renew promptly through their club agents, 
or directly to ''Missions," if single sub- 
scribersy thus saving us the necessity of 
sending out notice. 



MISSIONS 



A Neglected Neighbor 
By Field Secretary L. C. Barnes, D.D. 

THE HOME MISSION SOCIETY BEGINS WORK IN THE 
REPUBLIC OF EL SALVADOR — REMARKABLE OPENING 
AND PROVIDENTIAL PREPARATION OF WORKERS 



^^^ A FTER thorough in- 

^^^B -^^ vestigation of the 

^^K need- and our obligation 

^^H^. to meet them the Board 

^^H^B of Managers of the Ameti- 

^^K^i can Baptist Home Mis- 

^^^^^ sion Society has voted to 

* *"• begin work in that part of 

its field, "North America," which is 

the most densely populated Republic on 

canh, El Salvador. 

The Field Secretary of the Society, 
feeling in duty bound to gain some just 
conception of the whole field which the 
fathers had defined in the constitution 
of the Society, after reading eveiything 
available on the subject, was convinced 
that the southern part of North America 
is not only quite as unknown to most of 
us as many parts of Asia and Africa, but 
also equally needy. 

I. It 18 IN THE CENTER OF THE MOST 
DESTITUTE PORTION OF OUR TERRITORY. 

In the matter of the preaching of the 
Gospel, Central America is the most 
destitute portion of Nonh America. In 
recent years the Guinnesses of London, 



President Clark of the United Society 
of Christian Endeavor, Robert Speer « 
the Presbyterian Foreign Mission Board 
and others have called emphatic atten- 
tion to the desperate spiritual needs of 
Larin America. Robert Speer insists 
that in vital particulars South America 
is much more needy than Oiina. 
Central America is, if possible, in still 
greater need. A gentleman, for many 
years in personal charge of immense 
English business enterprises in India, 
then in South America, and afterwards 
in Central America, declares that the 
last is the most needy region in the 
world. The six republics of Central 
America have twice the popidation of 
our thirteen colonies at the time of the 
Declaration of Independence. 

At the north end of the r^on the 
Presbyterians have two men at woA in 
Guatemala. At the south end the 
Home Mission Board of the Soutliao 
Baptist Convention has three men at 
work in Panama (Canal Zone). For 
the four countries between little sys- 
tematic work is being done except by 
the American Bible Society and by the 



MISSIONS 



Biituh and Foreign Bible Society. 
They each have one responsible and 
aUe Anglo-Saxon agent in charge. 
Their native colponers have carried 
the Goipel ttory in a simple way, and 
have sold Scriptures throughout Central 
America. But it is not counted the 
work of these Bible Societies to organize 
churches. 

Some twenty years ago a group of 
earnest men in Texas became alive to 
the needs of Central America. Having 
appealed in vain to cenain mission 
boards to undertake the work, they 
organized among themselves the Central 
American Mission. It is undenomi- 
national. It pays no salaries on the 
field or for superintendence. Whoever 
is inclined to go in their name does so, 
and they send him whatever may be put 
into their hands for that purpose. There 
are now in the four central republics one 
man and three women holding a nom- 
inal relation with the Central American 
Mission. There are also three independ- 
ent missionaries. On the Mosquito 
Coast of Nicaragua the Moravians have 
long had work among the Indians. El 



Salvador is in some respects the key to 
the situation. It is centrally located. 
It is the smallest of the republics in 
area, but is the most populous, and one 



MISSIONS 



of the most stable and progressive. It 
averages more people to the square mile 
than any other country on cither Ameri- 
can continent. In that respect the only decidedly furthered the work. 



countries in the vrorld exceeding it arc 
Belgium and Porto Rico, It has (en 
times more density of population than 
the United States. There is but one 
missionary living in the Republic. 
Except for a portion of his house rent 
provided by the Central American 
Mission, he is self-supporting. 
2. £l Salvador is peculiarly open 

TO us AT THE PRESENT MOMEKT. 

The laws of the Republic guarantee 
complete religious liberty. In spite of 
that there have been at times in some 
places, as in other Latin countries, 
annoyances which were in fact perse- 
cutions. There is reason to believe that 
the brunt of that is passed in El Salva- 
dor. 

The systematic work of the Bible 
Societies has prepared the ground, not 
only sowing the seed at large but also 
fostering its germination. There are 
believers scattered throughout the coun- 
try, individuals here and there and 
many clusters of them. In its limited 
way the Central American Mission has 



Its 



MISS IONS 



missionary and some of the Bible 
Society colponers have written with 
red ink on the Home Mission Society's 
large map of the Republic the number 
of decided evangelical believers known 
to be at certain places. They are con- 
fident that there arc more known to 
other colponers. Those indicated are 
all in the western half of the Republic. 
They are in sixty-nine places and 
number ten hundred and eighteen souls. 
Most of them are sheep having no shep- 
herd. It is distressing when there are 
Ml many who have already accepted 
the Goapel, to say nothing of multitudes 
more ^rho are prepared to listen to it, 
that there is no one to gather them into 
peimanent organization for their own 
nunure and for the advancement of the 
Kingdom, All devout souls there for a 
long time have been pleading with God 
to send laborers into this ripened harvest 
field. They look upon .the action of 
our Board as direct answer to prayer. 
3. Thb Lord has provided the 

WORKSM. 

The American Bible Society gave 
cordial introduction to the superin- 
tendcnt of itswork in Central America 
and Colombia, Rev. James Hayter. 
Secretary Haveo (Methodist) thought 
it "nothing against Mr. Hayter that he 
ii a stanch Baptist." On alighting 



from the train in Guatemala City, he 
not only presented himself with cordial 
welcome, but also introduced Rev. 
William Keech, the superintendent of 
the work of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society in all Central America, 
including Mexico, south of the Isthmus 
of Tehuantepec (which geographers 
regard as a portion of Central America, 
some, in fact, counting all Mexico as a 
part of Central America). It quickly 
transpired that Mr. Keech, too, is a 
Baptist minister. He was educated at 
Harley House, London. Before becom- 
ing general superintendent, he spent 
five years as Bible Society agent in the 
Republic of El Salvador. There he 
married a Kansas young lady, an 
earnest Christian worker, belonging to 
one of the Baptist denominations of the 
United States, the "River Brethren." 
This English man and American wife 
have two sturdy, growing boys. The 
great field from Tehuantepec to Panama 
with, as yet, slow lines of transit, keeps 
the father away from home long periods 
at a time and most of the time. In 
short, all unknown to us, God has pre- 
pared workers of the best quality, given 
them a facile use of the language, 
trained them for years in E] Salvador 
itself where they are accustomed to the 
earthquakes and all the rest of it and 
where they are held in the highest 



232 



MISSIONS 



enccm, and then at tne right moment 
made them ready to settle down and 
gamer the harvests of their own sowing. 
When all the slow processes of divine 
preparation and human precaution had 
ripened, electricity did the rest. Dr. 
Morehouse cabled Mr. Kecch. Mr. 
Keech cabled his resignation to the 
Board in London to accept our appoint- 
ment in order to begin work in El 
Salvador as early as practicable. 

4. A LEADER RAISED UP, AND HOW 
HE IS REGARDED BY THOSE WHO KNOW 



Amid the providential surprises, both 
great and small, connected with the 
opening of this work — some of them 
scarcely ever surpassed in the whole 
history of Christian missions — one of 
the smaller surprises, but very agreeable 
personally, was finding at the head of 
the Presbyterian work in Guatemala 
an old Pittsburg acquaintance, Rev. 
William B. Allison. Imagine the mutual 
surprise when he recognized me and 
then brought out a gold medal which it 
had been my privilege to hand him as 



the prize man of his class in a profes- 
sional school. The important feature 
of the incident is that this tnuted 
Presbyterian worker is completely qiuli- 
fied and disposed to intrt>duce to lu the 
man so apparently foreordained to be 
our first apostle in El Salvador. He 
does it unmistakably in the following 
letter to Dr. Morehouse: 

"I have known Rev. William Keech 
intimately for seven years. He has 
often been a guest in our home and for 
several years has lived near by, and we 
have been warm friends and frequently 
in each other's company. I have had 
every possible opportunity to know him 
as few men know a brother minisur. 
When we were on furlough for six 
months, we left him pracbcally in charge 
of our work, when he was not absent 
on his trips. He occupies my pulpit 
frequently and we have every confi- 
dence in him. He is dearly beloved by 
the people and always preaches for the 
edification of the people. There is not 
another man in Central America in 
Evangelical work who knows Salvador 
as he does. There are but two or three 



MISSIONS 



433 



side»ble business in shoes and aaddleiy 
at Sonsonate, a town of five thousand 
people, is looking after the work as best 
he can in the two southwestern depart- 
ments of the Republic, where there are 
believers in twenty-six places. He has 
talked the matter over with a number 
of the larger groups of believers, and as 
their representative sends to our Society 
a twentieth-century Macedonian cry, 
"Come over and help us." It is the 
spontaneous, unsolicited, even unsug- 
gested appeal of the Salvadorians to the 
American Baptist Home Mission Society. 
It was sent to the missionary to be for- 
warded to the Baptists of the North. 
He wrote the agent of the American 
Bible Society to get the proper address. 
My timely arrival was the answer. 
Thus the action of our Board and the 
appeal of Salvador met. 

It is a remarkable fact, almost phe- 
nomenal, that after twenty years of 
work by the interdenominational Bible 
Societies, and the same period of work 



t whole missionary force who speak 
ilh .with the same freedom. He 
• the land, the people and the 
lage, and I am sure that it would 
tt least five years for another man 

fitted to do what Brother Keech 
k> at once. In all my experience 
{ ministers, I have not known a 
lovable, dependable man, and no 

man whom I can so thoroughly 
unend with my whole heart. We 
C lorry to see him leave Guatemala, 
re believe that your Board cannot 
biy find another so ably et^uipped 
ce the place. His wife is one with 
n everything." 

THE PRESENT SITUATION 

ic of the native brethren with more 
itkm than most, and doing a con- 



234 



MISSIONS 



by the undenominational Central Ameri- 
can Mission with possibly two thousand 
believers in the four central republics, 
there are almost no Pedobaptist mission 
workers or convens among the natives. 
On our most vital contention, that only 
believers should be baptized, there is 
unity. On the other question as to the 



Aside from all questions of denomi* 
nation there is a wide open door for the 
Gospel in El Salva<ilor. If it were 
possible to credit the type of Romanism 
prevalent in Central America with 
partly supplying the need it would be 
only in part. In San Salvador, the 
capital of El Salvador, they have less 



act of baptism there has been ' 
of practice, but all the seven mission- 
aries now on the ground, aside from the 
Moravians and possibly two of the 
women, are immersionists by personal 
conviction. This is true of the one 
missionary in El Salvador. The agents 
of both Bible Societies are Baptist 
ministers ordained in England. Noth- 
ing of all this was known to us when our 
Board voted to look into the needs of 
El Salvador. But One above knew 
toward what He had been leading for 
twenty years. The missionaries have 
been strong in their opposition to 
infant baptism because that is the tap- 
root of Romanism. We are htted as 
no one else to meet the needs of the 



than one church for every five thousand 
people. As elsewhere many of the best 
informed citizens have no use for the 
Roman type of religion. The mayor 
of one of the cities said to me: "I 
have no religion myself, but I see that 
the little Protestant congregation here 
is doing much good. By its influence, 
men who were drunkards and worthless 
people have made good citizens so that 
we no longer have any trouble with 
them." 

A reason for immediate action is that 
sheep without a shepherd are easily 
scattered and devoured. For example, 
representatives of the new cult of speak- 
ing-with-tongues have wanderedfrom the 
United States into El Salvador and are 
ravening some of the babes in Christ. 



MISSIONS 



^35 



The Bible Societies have found that 
they get their best supply of colporters 
for all Central America from El Salva- 
dor. This quality in the Salvadorians, 
put with the fact that the Republic is 
central in Central America, makes it 
the natural fulcrum for lifting neighbor- 
ing peoples. The capitals and the chief 
population of all the republics are in 
the mountainous region of the Pacific 
Ocean side. Much territory now 
sadly neglected can be readily reached 
from El Salvador. Contracts are now 
let to complete the railway connection 
from New York to San Salvador. In 
the immediate future El Salvador is the 
point of vantage for advancing the 
Kingdom of God. It lies within our 
grasp to make the splendid name of 
this litdc Republic a divine reality. 
El Salvador may become, indeed, The 
Saviour* 

Salvadorian Appeal 

Translation of a letter from Don Emilio 
Morales, leader of the Evangelical Believers 
in Sonsonate, El Salvador, C.A., ''to the 
Secretanr of the Northern Baptist Mis- 
lionaiy Society,'' dated 30th November, 1910: 

The grace of God the Father, and the 
power of the Holy Spirit, and the love of 
Christ our Lord be muldplied to you. 

This letter which I direct to you, although 
we are not known the one to the other, has 
the object of manifesdng to you the circum- 
stances of the evangelical work in El Salvador. 

From the year 1889 the work has been 
under the direcdon of the Central American 
Mission, which Society nevertheless has 
almost abandoned it. The Republic of 
El Salvador, having more or less one and a 
half millions of inhabitants, has had only 
one acrive missionaiy, Mr. Robert Bender, 
of the said Society; it is about eighteen 
months ago that another missionaiy came, 
Mr. Percy T. Giapman, upon which Mr. 
Bender went to the United States, leaving 



again only one missionaiy. Mr. Chapman 
is located in Santa Ana, and the work of that 
place is even more than he can properly 
attend to, leaving the departments of Son- 
sonate and Ahauchapan, where there exist 
five centers of importance and activity, 
each having other smaller congregadons of 
I5» 20, 30, 40 and 50 members, a consider- 
able number of whom are communicants. 
All this work is cared for by nadve residents 
(not paid pastors), the writer, who is a 
shoemaker, having charge in the character 
of pastor, under the direction of the mis- 
sionary in Santa Ana. 

But we feel that it is a great responsi- 
bility for us not to do all that is possible 
to obtain missionaries for these churches, 
which occupy advantageous places for the 
extension of the work; also there are great 
opportunities to evangelize with success. 
The people are awakening, and eveiy day 
there is more necessity, and this I communi- 
cate to you that you may answer me as the 
Lord may lead you. 

It is about one year since the missionary, 
Mr. Bender, left his work, taking his sick 
wife to Upland, California, without any 
surety of returning, and meanwhile this 
work is left largely uncared for. There are no 
chapels or mission buildings, and these we 
feel to be a great necessity in this country. 
Here foreigners are much respected; and 
as to climate, there is every grade between 
hot and cold, so this will not be any diffi- 
culty. Foreigners make many mistakes 
with respect to the character of the in- 
habitants of these countries, believing them 
to be opposed to advancement, but it is ab- 
solutely to the contrary, and they are very 
grateful and ready to serve and receive 
peacefully that which is taught to them. 

I shall be glad to receive, with the answer 
to this, any Spanish literature which you 
may have to show your work, so that we 
may have knowledge of you when you may 
come. 

I am, with all respect and consideration, 
your servant in Christ, 

Emilio Morales. 




236 MISSIONS 



Some Proposed Modifications of the 
Apportionment Plan 

GROWING OUT OF WIDE CORRESPONDENCE WITH PASTORS, 
STATE COMMITTEES AND OTHER DENOMINATIONAL 
LEADERS, AND AUTHORIZED BY THE NORTHERN BAPTIST 
CONVENTION FINANCE COMMITTEE, THE GENERAL 
APPORTIONMENT COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE ON 
FISCAL YEARS 

the first mMtinc of the General Apportionment Committee 
leld In August, 1910, > subcommittee wm appointed to study 
:he question of the basis of apportionments In the light of our 
>wn experience and that of other denominations. This study 
Usclosed four serious problems: 

I. PROBLEM OF miTIATIVE 

It Is iiioft essential that the local church shall r^ard 
missions not as a task imposed upon it by denominational authority, but as 
its own task, for the performance of wUch It Is directly responsible to Jesus 
Christ. 

n. THE PROBLEM OF DISTRIBirnOH 

It is wellnigh impossible to distribute the general apportionment to the States, 
or the State Apportionments to the churches, In a way that shall be altogether 
equitable and acceptable. In spite of the utmost care, errors of judgment by the 
committees are Inevitable, and they make bad feeling. Moreover, our present plan 
proridei no way for the adjustment of an unsatisfactor; apportionment. 

ni. THE PROBLEM OF STIMtTLATIOH OF THE HISSIDHARY SPIRIT 
The Apportionment Plan as at present employed does not always secure the 
largest giving. Sometimes indeed the appcrtiomnent has stood in the way of a 
church's possible achievement. It should be a definite port of our plan to lead the 
churches not simply to raise an apportionment which at best usually falls far short 
of the requirements of the Kingdom, but to aim for the largest giving the resources 
and vision of the churches make possible. 

IV. THE PROBLEM OF EARLY AHHOUnCEMEIfT OF APPORTIOHMEHTS 
This is a problem of very real, practical Importance. The announcement of 
apportionments after the meeting of the northern Baptist Convention makes it 
practically Impossible for most churches to inaugurate their campaign till fall, 
leaving often not more than six months in which to do the year's work. This makes 
the work hard and helps to perpetuate the present deplorable situation due to the 
receipt of the major part of the ofEerings late in the year. The summer months 
now largely lost might be saved for a large proportion of the churches by the an- 
nouncement of the apportionments on April 1 . 



MISSIONS 237 



^ 



The need for an early announcement of the apportionments has been recog- 
nized from the first The demand from churches and states for an early announce- 
ment led the General Apportionment Committee, after conference with the Finance 
Committee and the Executive Committee of the Convention, to annoimce the 
Budget and the apportionments for 1909-10 in advance of the meeting of the Con- 
vention. It recommended that the Convention authorize the Finance Committee 
and Apportionment Committee to co-operate for the announcement of the appor- 
tionments thereafter early in April, which recommendation was approved by the 
Convention. (See Annual of N. B. C., 1909, page 86, recommendation 4.) Because 
of unavoidable delay this early announcement of the apportionment was not made 
the next jrear, but the Executive Committee in its report recommended "to the 
Convention that the Budget hereafter be prepared much earlier in the year than has 
been done hitherto," adding that "this recommendation contemplates the prepara- 
tion of the Budget so early that every church will know by April 1 of each year what 
is expected of it during the Convention fiscal year." (See Annual of the N. B. C, 
1910, page 70.) This recommendation was referred to the Committee on Fiscal Year. 

If space permitted, each of these problems might be fully illustrated in the 
light of experience. Doubtless every State Committee could cite numerous examples 
of these difficulties. 



THE NEW BASIS PROPOSED 

Toward their solution, and in the light of the fact that hitherto we have been 
apportioning amounts to states and often to churches in excess of what we may 
reasonably expect to receive on the ground of their previous giving, the policy has 
been modified as follows: 

Amounts apportioned should be such as may be reasonably expected in the 
light of previous giving, but churches should be urged to make possible larger 
advance by assuming additional amounts. This makes possible the sending out of 
apportionments to the churches early, since these are based not on the Budget to 
be adopted later by the Northern Baptist Convention, but on the previous three 
years' record of the churches. 

The Genera] Apportionment Committee on the strength of this demand for 
early announcement, and toward the solution of the other problems mentioned 
above has therefore forwarded to the State Committees provisional amounts on the 
basis of the previous giving of the churches, the same to be distributed among the 
churches and forwarded to them on April 1, or soon thereafter. 

Each church will be asked to take early action, reporting back to the State 
Committee within thirty days its acceptance of these amounts, with additional sums 
self -assumed. 

It is altogether obvious that the success of the proposed plan is conditioned upon 
the efficiency and thoroughness with which we conduct in April our inspirational 
and educational work. It is, therefore, further recommended that hereafter we 
make the first month of the year instead of the last month the time for our most 
aggressive, inspirational, financial campaign, through ministers' conferences and 
additional assodational budget conferences, through special sermons, the systematic 
distribution of literature, the wide use of the denominational press, and the extension 
of the methods of the Baptist Laymen's Missionary Movement for the every member 
canvass for weekly giving. Suggestions for this April campaign appear elsewhere. 



>3« 



MISSIONS 



Uplifting the Non-Caste Madigas 

By Rev. G. W. H. Brock 

THE RACE ISSUE IN INDIA — HOW THE MISSIONARY AT 
KANIGIRI, SOUTH INDIA, HAS BEEN BREAKING DOWN 
THE BARRIERS OF CASTE— THE METHODS THAT SUCCEED 



I read an article by 
Mr. Saint Nihl Singh 
on the "Color Line in 
the United States and 
How the Negro is Up- 
lifting Himself." Ihave 
also read many articles 
in recent American 
magazines beating on 
the same question, all 
showing that there is a 
most decided uphft tak- 
ing place amongst the 
vast negro population 






In re 

nthen 



caste question, one is 
liable to think that the 
outlook is hopeless, or 
just about so. I have 
a desire to add a little 
touch of brightness to 
H. nrcHiAH the apparently hope- 
less <]uestion of the non-castes in India, 
and this is my apology for writing this 
article. 



As there are some S4.,000,000 of these 
non-caste people scattered over this 
fair land of India and known by many 
different names, I shall have to ask my 
readers to pardon me if I now confine 
myself to one single class among them, 
the Madigas. It is ngw eighteen years 
since I began work among the non- 
caste classes in South India, and most 
of my time has been spent among the 
Madigas, perhaps the most despised of 
the non-caste classes among the Telugus. 
In the expressive Telugu they are called 
the Unspeakables or the Unmention- 
ables. These Madigas arc the leather 
kers, making the great leather 



buckets and the sandals for the 



ryots. 



They are the scavengers competing 
with the dc^s, jackals and foul birds of 
the air for the carcasses of the cattle 
which die in the villages. They are 
the landless ones; they have no social 
status. That the Madiga is lazy and 
that he lacks enterprise there is no 
room for discussion. This I have 
found to my bitter sorrow many times. 
The Madiga is not permitted to enter 



MISSIONS 



139 



the public schools, though the schools the Madiga what I have been told in 

are declared open to all. But why at- America about the negro — let him 

tempt to tell the terrible story of the alone, let him remain where God has 

Unmentionables ? Why have one's feel- put him. Why give him education ? 

ings harried by their unhappy condition ? You will only spoil him. But my reply 

It might gratify some if I were to'tell^of to all such is to point to the change for 



the injustices heaped upon the Madigas 
by the Brahmin and by the Sudra, but 
diat is not my purpose. 

THE UPLIFT OF THE MADIGAS 

"Is there any possibility of the 
Madiga being uplifted ?" some are 
asking. I have been told in India about 



the better that has already taken place 
among the Madigas, in spite of the in- 
difference and often in the face of the 
opposition of the caste people. This 
change among the Madigas is coming 
about as the change comes when the 
mists slowly and without noise give 
place to the glorious sun in the early 



040 



MISSIONS 



morning time, lliis change is being 
accomplished by the Madiga, by the 
Sudra and by the Brahmin. I shall 
have to ask my readers to forget that 
I am a missionaiy telling of the progress 
of a class of convens. I believe I 
have a message that will be helpful to 
all true lovers of India: therdfore I 
desire to tell it. Along with my joy at 
being able to tell of the uplift of the 
Madiga I desire to testify to the hearty 
cooperation of the caste people in this 
uplift — something generally lost sight 
of in a discussion of this question of the 
non-caste classes. Without further gen- 
eral remarks I ask the privilege of nar- 
rating some* facts which have come 
within my own observation during the 
years of my work among this people. 

Ten years ago a non-caste child could 
not enter the Government Board School 
in this large town, so much prejudice 
was there against them on the part of 
the caste commimity, I quietly went to 
the leading officials and to the leading 
men of the town and talked the situation 
over with them, and although several 
would not approve, 1 finally had almost 
all promise not to oppose the admission 
of a couple of boys from the Madiga 
class. I personally saw that the boys 
were well dressed and clean, and then I 
sent them. They were admitted, and 
as a result a few Komati (merchant) 
boys left the school for a short time. 
In a few months the headmaster, a 
Brahmin, came to me and requested me 
to send other boys of the same class, 
and before the year was over fully 
thirty boys of the same class were in 
regular attendance. 

CO-OPERATION OF THE CASTE PEOPLE 

Almost at once there was a most re- 
freshing change among the boys of the 
town, the little Madiga boys calling at 
the homes of the Brahmin boys and go- 
ing arm and arm through the bazaar 
together to the school. An open field 
next to the Courthouse where all the 



people pass daily is until this very day 
being used as the common plaj^round 
for boys of all classes, and all the people 
of the town seem to think it is all ri^t. 
This could not have come to pass 
without the co-operation of the caste 
people, Brahmins, Sudras and others. 
It is only a few months ago that one of 
the Brahmin officials standing with me 
watching the boys all playing together, 
his own son among them, said to me, 



"Sir, I wish to thank you for the part 
you have taken in making this wonderful 
sight possible in India." Indeed, I 
have been many times thanked by the 
caste people of this town for this mixing 
of the boys. And this is one of the 
things I wish to make prominent — the 
hearty commendation of the official and 
the educated classes. 

CO-EDUCATION 

But there is another feature of the 
uplift of the Madiga to which 1 denre to 



MISSIONS 



241 



tention, became it is to me most 
idng. It is generally conceded 
le village is the most conservative 
in India. I hope to show that 
I center of conservatism there is 
y a great force at work, and that a 
wful change is taking place. In 
Dvemment schools it has been im- 
le to have the non-caste children 
ted, ao I have opened schools in 
unlets (or palum, the non*caste 



f the village) for the other classes. 
teachers in these schools are all 
the same class of non-castes. For 
years I noticed that here and there 
ra child would be in attendance in 
rhool in the hamlet. In one place 
7 Brahmins attended. But four 
ago I was surprised to find that a 
cr, Papiah, had a school, boys and 
Brahmins, Komaties, Sudras and 
gas, and that this school was being 
icted in a Sudra's house. But 
did not like to have the Madiga 



children. While I was present in this 
village the Brahmin Kumam and the 
Sudra Village MunsifF with the leading 
ryots came to my tent, and made a 
proposition to me somewhat as follows: 
" Sir, you see our school, and you see the 
difficulty of having all the children to- 
gether right in the village. Now, if we 
had a building midway between the 
village and the hamlet all the children 
may attend with offence to none, and in 
the school there will be no distinction of 
caste. If you consent, we will show you 
a place where we would like the build- 
ing." This was four years ago. There 
is now a decent school building with 
a lower secondary trained teacher. 
Children of all classes attend, including 
the sons of the leading ryots of three 
villages nearby. I put up in this build- 
ing when I visit the village now, and 
the people are kindness itself to me. 
The Brahmin Kumam was taunted by 
some of his relatives, and threatened 
with excommunication for having his 
children taught by a Madiga. 

HOW IT WORKS OUT 

A young man, Mark, after qualifying 
himself as a teacher, lower secondary 
trained, came to me for a school. I 
said, "Mark, the country is wide, go 
seek a place for yourself in a part where 
there are no schools." Mark went 
away thirty-five miles to the southwest, 
right among the Eastern Ghauts, and 
opened a school among the Sudras. He 
has in his school fifteen boys and two 
girls. He lives right in the village with 
the caste people. He sleeps in the house 
of the Village MunsifF. They all know 
that he is from the Madigas. When I 
went to visit this distant village a year 
ago, some six months after Mark had 
begun his work, I was met a mile from 
the village by Mark and the Sudra 
Munsiff. As we entered the village all 
the people were waiting for us. A 
garland of flowers and many salaams 
greeted me as I entered the village, and 



MISSIONS 



then I was escorted to the partially 
finished school building Mark was con- 
structing. For three days these shep- 
herds looked after all in my camp. 
I had to warn the young men with me 
not to interfere with the caste of the 
people simply because they were kind. 
But my young men — all from the 
Madigas — were heartily entertained in 
a manner surprising to me. Not many 
weeks later Mark brought the two lead- 
ing men all the way to the town to visit 
me. In another village there is a 
teacher who has a school right in the 
middle of the village, and the children of 
the hamlet attend and mix freely with 
(he caste children. Martha is the 
teacher. I could scarcely believe my 
eyes when one day I rode into the village 
and, going into the school, I saw Martha 
sitting with all the children about her. 
This, like all such schools, was estab- 
lished by the teacher. I had nothing 
to do with it except giving my consent 
after the school was established. And 
so I could tell of ten schools just like 
the above, vrith the children from all 



castes sitting side by side being taught 
by the Madiga teacher. I have many, 
many requests from the caste people 
asking me to send such teachers to 
them. 

SUDRA3 AND MADIGAS 

But there is another feature of the up- 
lift of the Madigas I wish to present to 
your readers. The Madigas have ever 
been the servants of the caste people. 
I have had the pleasure of sering the 
Sudras doing cooly for the Madigas. 
I think this matches the case of the 
white man in America doing cooly work 
for the negro. I was visiting a village 
some thirty miles away recently, and 
when walking through the bazaar a 
Kamasali woman asked me to come and 
see her house. She has several grown- 
up sons who were present, and amongst 
them stood a young man from the Madi- 
gas. They have taken this young man 
and are teaching him the trade — car- 
pentry and ironwork. How proud this 
woman wasi She said, "He is my 8(Hi." 
And all the caste people standing about 



MISSIONS 



M3 



i greatly pleased. Certainly 
arprised. I never saw such a 
fore. This boy was as clean as 
of them. He is already able 
mt of the work along with the 
f people. This is an entirely 
Ij^ act on the part of these 
^flft. The brother of this boy 
bd recently by a member of 
HtMCt of the Sudras, a man of 
odofinflucnce, to be the teacher 
two sons. He is there today. 
Ijs is an Antadar for the Rajah, 
b tUo the Village MnnsifT. He 
I flf some education. He gives 
■dier his food, clothes and some 
I aid. But to me the greatest 
all Standing conceded. 



ANOTHER PHASE 



mother phase of this uplift has 
me very ' much. M. Pitchiah 
a employed in the Mission here 
>ast sixteen years as writer. He 
known by all the' local town- 
Several years ago he was made 



a member of the Village Union. I did 
not know of this until many months 
later. When the post of chairman of 
the Union fell vacant, Pitchiah was made 
acting chairman. At first several of the 
Hindu members made some slight ob- 
jection, but afterwards they withdrew all 
objections and Pitchiah sat as chairman, 
and the Brahmins took their seats along 
with him. At a recent public function 
I saw a Brahmin official take this Pit- 
chiah by the arm in the most friendly 
manner saying, "Come see the arrange- 
ments." 

There is one man of this class, named 
Ramiah, employed as an Amin in the 
local District MunsifTs Court. Ra- 
miah had rather a cold reception at 
first among the other Amins, but he has 
won a place for himself. So far as I am 
able to learn, there is no objection to his 
being in the Court today. This Ra- 
miah 's work of delivering the notices to 
the village people brings him into con- 
tact with all castes, especially the Sudras. 
They will now give him a seat'_with all 



144 



MISSIONS 



respect — a thing entirely unknown be- 
fore. No Madiga is permitted to re- 
main seated when a Sudra comes along, 
yet they are giving Ramiah a cot to sit 
upon. Some contracts were to be let 
for constructing a "tank." One of the 
teachers took a joint contract with a 
Komati. This surprised me very much, 
as these Komaties are, I believe, the 
most conservative class among the 
Telugus. For five years these men have 
worked together. This merchant rented 
the teacher a house right in the center of 
the village proper, and the teacher's 
wife has a school, with the children of 
caste and non-caste parents attending. 
I had nothing whatever to do with these 
arrangements, only learning of them 
later, 

MADICA8 AND THEIR RIGHTS 

That these Madigas are not willing to 
continue to submit to all the injustices 
of the caste people may be shown by 
the following instances among many I 
could name. There was a dispute be- 
tween one of these Madigas and the 
Village Munsiff of a certain village. 
The MunsifF seized the ox and cart of the 
man, which I learned later he had no 
right whatever to do. The man ap- 
pealed to me, and I recommended a 
village Panchayet. But be said it was 
useless having a Panchayet in that vil- 
lage. He wanted to go to the Court. 
I objected. But he insisted, and to the 
Court he went, and it was only a few 
days when the Village MunsifF came to 
me requesting me to have the man 
withdraw the case. 1 am glad lo say 
that I was able to do this, and the case 
was settled out of Court. One day a 
man of this class was riding on a horse, 
and some caste people threatened his 
life if he did so again. Contrary to 
my advice, he put a case in the Court 
against one man, and the man was fined 
Rs. 6 for threatening. Some Sudras, 
among them the Village Munsiff, gave 
some of these people a thrashing. 1 was 
appealed to. Again I recommended 



them not to go to Couit; but they in- 
sisted. Two days later the whole com* 
pany came to my bungalow, and the 
case was settled out of Coun. There 
are many similar instances indicating 
that the people are beginning to know 
their rights, and that they intend to 
insist on having them. Personally, I 
never recommend the Courts. I always 
recommend settling the troubles in the 
villages. 



Of course, as might be expected, some 
of the Sudras state that the Madigas are 
getting proud. That is just what some 
of the white American people say when 
a negro refuses to take all the insults 
and kicks as humbly as he did "in the 
good old days." But negro and Madiga 
areleaming that they have certain funda- 
mental rights which must be respected, 
and they are simply demanding their 
rights. In this I rejoice both for India 
and for America. It will do good, not 



MISSIONS 



245 



to the nc^to and to the Madiga alone, 
but to the proud caste man and to the 
proud American. 



MADICAS GOING 
Some of the young men are going 
abroad. Luke went to the Straits Set- 
tlements as a cooly and is now a Maistty. 
He has been careful, and has sent me a 
goodly sum of money from his savings. 
He is just now back to claim his bride, 



wish most earnestly to state that in all 
this that I see taking place about me, 
and which I have barely hinted at, it 
would have been utterly impossible to 
have made progress if the caste people 
had not co-operated. Would a Sudra 
Munsilf lend his blanket to a Madiga 
simply because I asked himf Nay, 
verily. But when the same MunsifFsaw 
the teacher detained by the rain, he, 
of his own free will, said, "Here is my 



ind then be will return to his new coun- 
try. It does a lover of India good to 
see the independence of this young man. 
Along with him went one Samuel, who 
had a fair knowledge of English. He 
b^an work as a cooly, but he now, after 
nine years, has a good position as chief 
clerk in the Railway Construction 
Office on a salary of more than Rs. lOO 
per mondi. 

ROW THE CHANGES WILL COME 
There are many in India who tell us 
that the caste people are unwilling to give 
I the non-caste classes. I 



blanket, and here is my cot; stay for the 
night." If I had asked the Headman to 
take Mark into his house would he do 
so P Not if I understand the Sudra. 
But when Mark made friends with the 
man himself he was asked, not into the 
house only, but to share the best room in 
the house; and he was given his food in 
addition. I want to make a request: 
that we stop making mean statements 
about the rigidness of the caste system, 
and that we take note of what is ac- 
tually taking place, and I think we shall 
be surprised, not at the slight but at the 
great progress being made. 



246 



MISSIONS 



lii^I§lpaig||ll§l§lglglglglgg|lglBlB^ 

Devotional 



An lExattt Ifiru^t 

^UR HEAVENLT FATHER, wt 

VP^ bless Thee that Thou didst send Thine 
only begotten Son into the world to bring life 
and immortality to light; that by His life 
He gave life and gave it abundantly; that 
by His death He disclosed the Divine love 
in sacrifice for sin and became the Saviour 
of men; that by His resurrection He became 
the pledge and assurance of a risen and 
immortal life to all who believe in Him. We 
praise Thee for the joy of this great faith. 
We pray that Thou wilt enable us to live in 
the light of immortality f live sober, righteous . 
and godly lives worthy of Him. Grant the 
light and peace and joy of this great truth 
unto all peoples through the faithful labors 
of the missionaries of the cross; and help 
us each to impart unto others something of 
the spirit of the Easter Day, through the 
grace of our Risen Lord. Amen. 



PRAY — 

That the Risen One may be present to 
the eye of faith, and that every disciple of 
Jesus may know the joy of the resurrection 
assurance. 

That in view of the great fact of im- 
mortality the value of the present life may 
be realized more deeply and constantly, 
the plans and activities of lifi^ be more care- 
fully considered. 

That out of the great calamity of plague 
and famine in China there may come a 
spiritual blessing to the people of that 
awakened Empire. 

That our missionaries who are so hero- 
ically giving themselves to the work of relief 
may be graciously preserved in peril. 

The Easter Significance 

Chrysostom, the "golden mouthed 
preacher" of Constantinople (A.D. 345- 
407), said in an Easter sermon, "Death is 
now only a sleep. Death which before 
Christ's resurrection had a fearful aspect 



is now an object to be despised. On diis 
day Christ freed human nature from the 
dominion of human nature and brought it 
back to its original dignity." 

Our world has a measureless interest in 
the great doctrine set within the Easter 
Day. And then our personal interest in 
this truth, how great and solemn this is I 
Paul not merely declares the credibility of 
the resurrection, but its certainty. — S. S, 
Mitchell. 

So we should walk with an elastic step, 
with a light shining over our faces and in 
our eyes, as we go to our homes; and if one 
ask, "Whence came this new expression ? 
Whence came this sweeter and more vic- 
torious tone?" we should be able to say to 
them, "It is natural, for today I have walked 
with the risen Christ; today I have walked 
near the gates which He entered who broke 
the bars of the sepulcher and ascended in 
gloiy to heaven. — Dr. R. S. Storrs. 

On Easter morning when a Russian meets 
another the salutation is, "Christ is risen!" 
and the glad answer, "Yes, Christ is risen 
indeed!" This makes the great event seem 
real, even though it be a custom. In some 
way we should make the Easter truth more 
real in our lives. 

This risen life we may have here and 
now, as multitudes do, making their course 
true, pure, noble, more glorious; keeping 
their senses chaste and clean, their affections 
sweet, their conscience healthy. The breath 
of this new life is prayer. — Bishop Hunt- 
ington. 

Easter 

That Easter when the stone was rolled away! 
How many centuries have passed between 
Our first glad Easter and this later day! 
How much of sin and grief the world has 
seen! 
Yet those of us who come with hearts to pray 
Find angel vision — and the stone away. 

— Mary C. Huntington. 




MISSIONS 



Suggestions for a Better Way 
By Secretary John M. Moore 



'HE emphuis it to be placed hereafter 
upon April as the great month of the 
I year according to the following 
eanve policy approved by the General 
ntionment Committee: 
) Prepare the State apportionments 
ediately and forward tame to State 
mittees, asking them to meet at once 



I I. 

) Along with the apportionment to the 

church (end a statement explaining 
baais of apportionment, with definite 
CM that the church take action within 
r days, reporting to the State Com- 
X their acceptance of the apportion- 
:, with such additional amount* self- 
ned as they are willing to undertake. 
) Request the State Committees at 

to appoint coSpetating associadonal 
soitativeiorcommittees, through whom 
may get into dose and helpful contact 
die cfauichea. 

I Provide attractive literature for dii- 
don during April for the purpose of 
ging the vision of the people and thus 
i^ to generous action. 



' (5) Through the Associational Com- 
mittees arrange for Associational Budget 
Conferences where practicable, to which shall 
be invited the pastor, at least two repre- 
sentative laymen, and two women from each 
church. "The purpose of these conference* 
shall be the explanation of the Budget 
Apportionment Plan, the stimulation of the 
churches to attempt larger things by present- 
ing the challenge of the present new oppor- 
tunities, the presentation of the best educa- 
tional and financial methods, the promotion 
of prayer, and the organization of the active 
forces of the association for the assistance 
of backward churchet. 

(6) Ask every Baptist Ministers' Con- 
ference to devote a session early in April 
to the explanation of the Budget Apportion- 
ment Plan and the setting foith of the 
opportunity for advance work. 

(7) Ask every pastor to preach a sermon 
early in April on rhe call for denominational 
advance in missions, and provide material 
for his use in its preparation. 

(8) Arrange for the wide extension of the 
work of the Baptist Laymen's Missionary 
Movement and the application of its methods 
to local churches. 

(9) Secure the cooperation of Missioxs 
and the denominational weeklies, using their 



24« 



MISSIONS 



column! laigely dunng April, in order that 
the utmost potgible emphasis may be placed 
upon this ideal r The Apponionment a 
Guidepost not a Goal. 

(lo) Employ such other educational and 
inspirational methods and measures as will 
emphasize the desirability of MAKING THE 
FIRST MONTH RATHER THAN THE LAST 

MONTH of the year the time for vigorous 
effort. Eveiy church should be urged to 
conduct an every-member canvass during 
the month of April, to secure subscriptions 
for the entire amount that it is undertaking 
to raise for missions during the year, the 
same to he paid at regular intervals (prefer- 
ably weekly) throughout the year and 
forwarded quarterly to the missionary 
societies. 

* 
The Double Envelope Campaign 

ON December I, 1909, the General 
Apportionment Committee announced 
its willingness to furnish the double en- 
velopes, numbered and dated and contain- 
ing the name of the church, free of charge 
for one year to churches introducing weekly 
giving to missions for the first dme, and 
agreeing to conduct an every member mis- 
sionary canvass. This offer was withdrawn 
March 31, 1911. Afier that date there 
will be a charge of half price, thus giving 
the missionaiy part of the envelopes free 
for one year on the conditions noted above. 



Up to March i, 191 1, 800 churchei have 
been supplied with the free double envelopes. 
Of this number 131 churchea completnj s 
year's use of the envelope* on or before 
February 1. The Conuruttee has vciy 
earnestly sought to secure final defituM 
reports from dicse churches. A number of 
churches have failed to respond to this 
seemingly reasonable request. There are 
reports, however, from 134 churches, and 
the Committee has learned indirectly that 
35 others have ordered a supply of envelopes 
for the coming year, thus leaving 64. chuirhes 
from which no information has been ob- 
tained. Of the 134 churches reporting, 108 
State that their otferings have been greacet 
than for the year preceding under the old 
plan. Ten report smaller offering, many 
of these specifjring, however, that this de- 
crease is not due to the change in the financial 
system, but to local conditions. The others 
either secured about the same or for some 
reason failed to use the envelopes. Eighty- 
four churches report definitely by how 
many dollars their offerings were greater or 
less than the preceding year. Of these 84, 
79 report an aggregate increase in offerings 
of ^,175, and 5 report an ^gregate decrease 
in offerings of ^195. So far, then, as definite 
returns have been received, the interesting 
fact is shown that 84 churches have shown a 
net gain over offerings for the preceding 
year of nearly f 100 per church. 



Beyond the Budget— What? 

THE OUTLOOK BY THE SOCIETY SECRETARIES 



The BodgQt and the Task 

BT SBCIiBTAItT P. r. BAOGAKD, D.D. 

THE Budget of the Foreign Miuion 
Society for the new fiical year has 
been carefully prepaied and has received 
the approval of the Finance Committee of the 
Northern BaptiK Convention. Ai in the 
patt, thii Budget is bated upon the amounti 
which can icaionably be expected from the 
■eveial lOUTcea of income and doa little more 
than nuke actual provision for needs nhich 
cannot bcnorably be disregarded. An in- 
come tat exceedii^ that stated in the 
Budget would enable the Society happily to 
strengthen weak places in work already 
establiahed and heartily to undertake new 
Tenturet in fiddi that are both needy and 
ready. 

Among the itemi for which provision is 
made m the new schedule or that may be 
selected at wndiy of apedal note are the 
fbUowing: 

I. MlMIONARY RbINFOKCBMBNT 

It if piDpowd to aend out to the field during 
the year not IcM than twelve new men if they 
can be ■ecuied. A list of some thirty or 
tfair^-five places urgently calling for re- 
' ' efere ui, but the scarcity of 
 it improbable that more than 



twelve will be available. The Budget 
originally provided for twenty new workers, 
but this number has been reduced to twelve 
because of the small number of suitable 
candidates. Work among the Burmam in 
Burma, among the Nagas in Assam, edu- 
cational work in Burma, South India, and 
China, medical work in Burma and China, 
and the West China and Japan missions as a 
whole present most urgent appeal for re- 
inforcement. 

2. Congo Mission Reinforcement 

Work on the Congo has been practically at 
a standstill for the last two or three years. A 
definite policy has now been adopted as a 
result of the Commission's visit. We should 
send this year five or six men if possible to 
strengthen present stations. Ten thousand 
dollars should be expended to put present 
equipment in proper condition, especially 
the equipment of the Union Training School 
at Kimpesi, and erect three or four greatly 
needed buildings. 

3. Property 

An expenditure of not exceeding ^7,000 
for property needs, including educational 
equipment, is proposed. Ten mission resi- 
dences are required to accommodate mission- 
ary families already on the field. This 



250 



MISSIONS 



would require between ^30,000 and ^35,000. 
New school buildings for boys' schools now 
most inadequately housed are urgently 
needed in Burma, Assam, South India, China 
and the Philippine Islands. Station chapels 
are earnestly sought for centers in South 
India, China and Japan. Two new hospitals 
are needed in China for the work of medical 
missionaries now on the field. 

4. Special Enterprises 

Among the special enterprises which ought 
to be realized if possible in connection with 
the Budget for the new year are land and 
buildings for the Theological Seminary in 
Tokyo, in which the Southern Baptists co- 
operate; entrance upon active work at the 
Union Medical School in Nanking, China; 
enlargement of the "Fukuin Maru," and 
extension of its work in the Inland Sea of 
Japan; development of the work in the 
northern section of the Kengtung field, 
especially across the Chinese border. 

5. Advance Work 

The Budget makes no provision for ad- 
vance work, notwithstanding most inviting 
opportunities offered in practically every 
field. The establishment of several new 
stations is strongly urged, not simply because 
doors are open, but because missionaries 
should be relieved who are now attempting 
to care for fields whose extent and responsi- 
bilities constitute an overwhelming burden 
upon body and spirit. The amount con- 
tributed by the churches will not permit both 
the strengthening of the present work and 
the undertaking of new enterprises. The 
Board has deliberately excluded from the 
Budget provision for new work because of 
the conviction that established work and 
stations already occupied must be adequately 
manned and equipped before new responsi- 
bilities are assumed. Advance will be under- 
taken as soon as receipts permit. 

A Look Into the Next Year 

BY ASSOCIATE SECRETARY C. L. WHITE, D.D. 

• 

THE work of the Home Mission Society 
needs vastly greater enlargement than 
is made possible by the new Budget recently 
approved by the Finance Committee of the 
Northern Bapust Convention. 

As usual, urgent calls have come for 



additional appropriations in several western 
States, for the foreign-speaking peoples and 
the Indians. The increasing number of 
open doors in Cuba, Porto Rico and Mexico, 
the enrichment of our Christian education 
among the Negroes, the demands for church 
edifice gifts, all have called for enlarged 
work far greater than the probable response 
from the denomination would warrant. 

The special grants of last year for church 
edifice work in San Francisco, and experi- 
ence based upon the expenditures of the 
last three years, led to our placing in the 
Budget for the current year a smaller sum 
than a year ago. Additions, however, have 
been made in the missionary work in some 
of the western States. Estimated sources of 
income have been increased by f 15,000 in 
annuities and f 25,000 from individuals. The 
total Budget for the next year will be 
slightly less than that under which the 
Society is now operating, and the amount 
apportioned to the churches will be corre- 
spondingly decreased. 

The preparation of the Budget of the 
Home Mission Society has been made with 
great care, and it is expected that the 
apportionment of the new year will permit 
of certain advances in mission work similar 
to others which have been for many years 
undertaken by our great Society. 

Among these will be the location of a 
Spanish-speaking missionary in the South- 
west, to labor among the Mexican popula- 
tion, and the erection of an Indian school 
in Wyola, Mont., as an extension of the 
work among the Crows. The Woman's 
American Baptist Home Mission Society 
has promised to furnish a teacher for this 
school. We shall also erect an Indian 
Mission building at Keams Canyon, Ariz., 
but the major part of the expense of this 
has been provided for by the sale of property 
owned by the Society. A work just begin- 
ning among the miners of Pennsylvania, 
which promises large fruitage, will be pushed 
with vigor by the Labor Missionary, Rev. 
D. L. Schultz, who works among the miners 
in one of our latest "Expectation Comers." 

A new mission will be opened in Mexico, 
and the work in other parts of that Republic 
strengthened. Provision will also be made 
for a long-needed hospital in the city of 
Mexico. 

The new Budget calls for special gifts for 



MISSIONS 



251 



chiuch work in Palo Alto, for the Emanuel 
Church in San Francisco, a new and promis- 
ing church in Washington, D.C., and liberal 
assistance has been promised to the First 
Baptist Church of Salt Lake City. 

During the year work will also begin on 
the Dormitory to be used by theological 
students at Rio Piedras, Porto Rico, where 
a major portion of the instruction will be 
given to the students at the Insular Uni- 
versity, while they receive the theological 
courses in this new mission guild house 
where they will reside and have their 
recitations. 

The publication of an Italian religious 
paper, to be edited by Rev. James M. 
Bruce, Superintendent of Foreign-Speaking 
Work, while provision for moving mission- 
aries, and for securing plans for new build- 
ings, have not been forgotten in the esti- 
mates for the next fiscal year. And last, 
but not least, will be the beginning of a 
new mission work in £1 Salvador, which 
the Board of Managers has voted to under- 
take. The appropriation for the first year 
will, however, be only ^000. Dr. Barnes 
reports £1 Salvador as furnishing a provi- 
dential and open door, which he believes 
will lead to an extensive harvest field that 
has long been waiting for the coming of the 
reapers. 

The Publication Society's Needs 

BY SECRETARY R. G. SEYMOUR, D.D. 

IT is a great thing to have the amount 
which the missionary work of the Publi- 
cation Society needs apportioned to the 
churches; and it is a greater thing to have 
the amount apportioned in the treasury of 
the Society; so that planning our work, and 
executing it on the basis of the expected 
returns the Society shall not tremble before 
a deficit when the fiscal year closes, and the 
new year opens with almost a necessity for 
a retrenchment in its service. No one can 
be at headquarters without feeling the 
pressure for advanced work at every turn; 
the appeals that come stir the soul, and when 



we are compelled to deny them and the 
causes are imperiled, we are depressed be- 
yond measure. 

The danger we fear in the matter of 
lowered appordonments is that the churches 
will feel that there is less need of money 
than there has been, and therefore slacken 
their efforts and beneficence; whereas with 
the growth of population and the contending 
forces of evil there must be a constantly 
enlarged giving. The question of money 
is the vital question of the coming of the 
Kingdom. In the Publication Society the 
enlargement of its work the past year has 
been possible largely through the gifts of a 
single individual. Would that more men 
like this generous-hearted one would look 
into the possibilities of good in these Col- 
portage Wagons, which carry leaf and life 
into scattered homes of the prairies of the 
West, into mining camps and ranches 
where religious influences are so small. 
There is constant appeal to multiply these 
wagons, State Boards are appealing and 
pastors are asking for colporters to come 
and find the scattered and lost sheep. There 
is absolute need for the employment of twice 
the missionary force which the Budget now 
allows us to send out. There is a demand 
for an increased number of trained Sunday- 
school missionaries in every part of the 
Union. While a great work has been done 
with the comparatively few that we have, 
it seems so small compared to what could be 
done if we had means to employ trained men. 

The cry of the hour is childhood. Our 
best efforts in secular education are put into 
primary work; in our religious education we 
must open our ears to the great needs of the 
children. While the Society has done some 
work in giving the foreign-speaking people 
the gospel in their own tongue, it has been 
but the slightest approach to meeting the 
demand. There should be a special fund 
created at once to produce literature for the 
hungry millions that are with us and coming 
yearly, and crying for the bread of life. Let 
the people give beyond the apportionment 
and meet the need. 



It is vastly better for the churches to start giving in the first month than 
for the Societies to be kept anxiously guessing in the twelfth month. To 
heg^ in April on the Budget is businesslike Christian common sense. 



A Quarter Century as District Secretary 

By Charles H. Spalding, D.D. 



-FIVE yeare ago the 

next October I wu 

District Secretaiy of 

Etican Baptin Publi- 

odety. My comnuV 

I made out by Rev. 

n Griffith, D.D., the 

iiy of the Society. It 

wai a unique document. It tingutarly im- 

preaied me irticn I fint received it, and as I 

read it again, at the point of doting my 

quaiter of century of service, thesame feeling) 

are with me as then. The only instructions 

were embodied as follows: "We have no 

printed commissions for secretaries. Use 

your own judgment as to the best method 

of procedure. We put the tield into your 

hands with the expectation that you will 

cultivate it industriously and thoroughly." 

At the meeting of the Massachusetts 
Baptist Convention a few days later, in the 
Second Baptist Church of Holyoke, Dr. 
Griffith was present to speak ten minutes. 
Rev. R. G. Seymour, D.D., then pastor of 
the Ruggles Street Baptist Church in Boston, 
was president of the Convention. Dr. 
Griffith toolc five minutes of his time and 
then called upon the young sectetaiy to 
fill out the remainder. Rev. W, H. P. 
Faunce, D.D., LL.D., now president of 
Brown University, was at that time pastor 
of the State Street Baptist Church of Spring- 
field. In a letter to the examiner he, 
reporting the meetings, said, "Dr. Griffith 
evidently wanted to see how the young colt 
would drive." Rev. Andrew Pollard, D.D., 
had held the office of District Secretary for 
thirteen years, and I was his pastor for 
seven of those yean, without ever a whisper 
or a thought of succeeding him as secretaiy. 
Under the very wise work of Dr. Pollard 
the office had become reinvested wiih a 
strength and dignity peculiarly its own. It 
was good to come into the heritage of such 

come into the service of the American 
Baptist Publication Society, at such a rime, 
without a sort of awe-inspiring greatness 



and grandeur of to vast an inttitutioo. Its 
whole history was a romance. A dotid of 
witnesses were hovering over eveiy stage of 
iu multiples growth from the veiy earliest 
moment. Its scmi-centctmial in the dty 
of Washington, in 1874, wu a j ' ' 
solemnity, enwrapped and ' 
tancrified memories, in coniecrated tervices, 
in gifts of magnificent sacrifice, embodied 
in struggles, in prayers and in tean. Hon. 
James L. Howard of Hartford, Conn., the 
transparent gentleman and die humble 
Christian, presided. Dr. Warren Ran- 
dolph gave one of the addrene*. Dr. 
Thomas Armitage preached the leiinon. 

The Publication Sodety it not dependent 
upon any personality to give it prestige in 
any given section of the countiy. It in- 
vests any personality far more tlian any 
personality can invest it. Its late president, 
Mr. Samuel A. Crozer, could ''hear in the 
clang of its ponderous presse* the softest 
music of evangels bearing mett^et of grace 
to hungry souls." Dr. Howard Malcom 
saw this Society as a monstrous engine 
pouring streams of water over the flames 
of destruction in an evil world. To Col. 
Charies H. Bains it was an arsenal with 
equipment and men for triumphant achieve- 
ments against the strongholds of the foes 
of the kingdom of Christ. To Drs. Rowland 
and Seymour, secretaries of the Sodety 
now, it is a powerful dynamo whoae spark 
energizes potent spiritual acuvitiet all over 
the country. To no one it it an ainhip; to 
every one it is a vast cathedral whose strength 
and truth and grace 

". . . . illueiiikd 
In ihii Ftcnul iifc of wonhip aadefiled.~ 

What a host of strong friends have been 
ready to come to its aidi The writer will 
never forget a Sunday morning in the early 
months of 18SS, in the Rugglei Street 
Church, The story of the work of the 
Society was told and the great audience 
was sympathetic. Within two or three days 
Mi. Daniel S. Ford responded in a gift of 
£^6,000, the largest gift that up to that rime 



MISSIONS 



253 



had been made to Baptist mistJonaiy work of religious beneficence in many hearts. And 

by any living man. How Hon. Chester W. here, by the way, let it be said that all our 

Kingsley, of Cambrii^, loved this Societyl great objects of denominational benevolence 

Its chapel-car work had a charm to hira. are dependent, each upon the other, out of 

He espoused its Bible work, towards which this principle, that an awakened passion 

for many years he annually gave a thousand towards one fires that passion towards 

dollars. During the eighteen years before others. This is one of the blessed things 



hit death he put into the hands of the Dis- 
trict Secretary nearly ^60,000. 

The manifold phases of the missionary 
work of this Society have been a strong and 
passionate appeal to certain benevolently in- 
clined people. Indeed, it has been the appeal 
of thif work which has awakened the pauiMi 






five 



o know in these eventful twenty- 



years 



The opening of the heart of the late 
Hon. William A. Munroe to the work of 
our Publication Society was one of the 
sweetest experiences of all these years. 
It ii beautiful to recall the communion and 



aS4 



MISS IONS 



the fellowship engendered by his generous 
and gracious giving. It is easy to recall 
instances not a few, when stepping down 
from a pulpit of a Sunday morning, some 
person stirred to a response has asked for a 
moment's interview, and sitting by my side 
has made a promise of a munificent gift, 
and that gift has been added to with in- 
tervening years, making a glorious total. 
Is it any wonder that a District Secretary 
comes to love his constituency? It is a 
blessed service, full of the rarest compensa- 
tions, enkindling the most joyous relations 



the human heart can know. It is not easy 
to give it up. I welcome my successor, 
Rev. Guy C. Lamson, to a service the 
blessings of which he cannot even com- 
prehend. 

The coming of the Northern Baptist 
Convention has made the office of District 
Secretary a far greater task than under the 
former r%ime. The District Secretary, 
as a factor in denominational service, is 
more indispensable than he was even then. 
He never was essentially competitive, he 
is now happily cooperative. 




Twenty -five Years of Usefulness 



A LIFE of continuous activity, covering 
threescore and ten years and more, 
must have its zones of service, its strata of 
development and its terraces of influence. 
Every life has its meridian. Dr. Jonah G. 
Warren once said, "It is hard climbing up, 
but it is not every man who knows how to 
get decently down." There is something 
unusually suggestive in the bringing to a 
close a period of twenty-five years of service 
such as is seen in the case of Rev. C. H. 
Spalding, D.D., who has been for a quarter 
of a century the District Secretary of the 
American Baptist Publication Society, for 
the New England field. Previous to this 
great zone of service Mr. Spalding was for 
just twenty years in the pastorate, in Paw- 
tucket, R.I., Pittsfield, Arlington and South 
Boston, Mass. Converted in boyhood, 
baptized in 1853 by Rev. J. P. Brown, now 
of New London, Conn., he became early in 
life a somewhat keen observer of religious 
motives and movements. He saw many a 
burning bush, and heard each time the 
voice of the Lord, and carried in his heart 
the impressiveness of the visitations. His 
student days in Plainfield and Suffield 
Academies in Connecticut, in Brown Uni- 
versity and Newton Theological Institution 
were the springboard from which he took 



his plunge into the useful vocations of his 
life. He centered his influence from the 
very start in domestic missions, in educa- 
tion, and in world-wide evangelism. He 
has been trustee of Worcester Academy, 
Massachusetts, and Ricker Classical In- 
stitute in Maine. He has served Newton 
Theological Institution as secretary of the 
board of trustees for nearly a dozen years. 
He was for twenty-five years the Boston 
correspondent of the Chicago Standard, 
Many of his sermons and essays have been 
published. His addresses at the World's 
Sunday School Convenuon in London, 
in 1898, and in Portland, Oregon, in 1909, 
before the Northern Baptist Convention, 
gave him the stamp of a popular platform 
orator. In his advocacy of the claims of 
the work of the Society which he has served, 
he has so subordinated details to a broad 
and comprehensive presentadon of the 
great cause as to make him everywhere 
welcomed and appreciated. He has seen 
great things grow under the touch of his 
influence and work. * Friends have muld- 
plied to him in all the churches among the 
ministry and laity alike. We give above 
an article from his own facile pen con- 
cerning the quarter century of service. New 
England will remain his parish. 



MISSIONS 



Where the Men Wear 
Large Hats 

BY REV. J. FRANK INGRAM 

THESE Shans at Namkham ate cde- 
btating the donning of the yellow 
robes of priesthood by three lads. When a 
lad decides to don these robes and enter 
the monastery, his parents deck him out in 
gaudy clothes and secure an elephant, or a 
pony, for him to ride in a procession about 
the village announcing or declaring his 
vow. Many presents are carried in the 
procession and given to the priests of the 
monastery afierwards. The procession is 
punauated here and there by the lad, or 
his parents, throwing out a handful of small 
change for the friends to scramble for. 
All of this accumulates merit, and accumu- 
lation of merit is the soul of Buddhism. 
Within twenty-four hours the lad may 
throw oAT his robes, and be found making 
mud pies, or damming a stream on which 
to sail a toy boat. Thus lightly does re- 
ligion sit on the Buddhist's shoulders. 
 no 
Mr. Ingram, who has been serving in the 
Laymen's Movement, has written for Mis- 
sions a series of brief sketches describing 
photographs which he look. 



MISSIONS 



Saving the Foreign Children 
By Charles L. White, D.D. 



ONE oTthe most in- 
teresting develop- 
I ments among foreign- 
V (peaking populations Is 
I that which has been 



ed by Mis 
Blodwin Jones in Ed- 
wards ville, Pa., where 
the resides with her 



mothei 



njoys 



leisure for 
k. Observing the neglected 
the general spiritual destiiu- 
 Slovak people that live in her 
lilt Jones addressed herself to 
he Slovak language, and has 
icellent working knowledge of 
i» that she converses in it 
• thus enabled to do Christian 
E and fniitfulness. 
ntcring the church she became 
he»t people, and seeing how 



dark their lives were, longed to do loine- 
thing to bring them to Christ. The approach, 
however, was very difficult, and she aerioualy 
pondered what seemed to he a problem that 
baffled solution. Her first step was to leek 
the acquaintance of three little Slovak girls 
whom she invited to her home. Responsive 
to such kind attentions, the little girls came 
often and were shown pictures and told 
Biblestories. Thesepreliminatybeginnings, 
however, could not reach the larger number 
of children who so sorely needed assistance. 
Seeking the guidance of her Heavenly 
Father, it was soon made clear to her what 
she should do. As a result of her meditation 
and prayer she asked the little girls if they 
would like to form a sewing school. Of 
course they were delighted at the prospect 
of learning to sew and promised to invite 
their friends. The first afternoon eight girls 
were in attendance. This was five years 
ago. The eight little girls brought more, 



and now the average anendance ii from 
fifteen to twenty-fire, and (ometimet as 
many aa thirty and thitty-tive are present. 

Min Jones writes: "We could have more 
if we invited them, but as I have no place 
in i^ch to meet them now but my own 
home I have had to refuse children for lack 
of Foom to seat them. Our school is con- 
ducted in the following manner. We open 
by aingine gospel hymns, then after verses 
from die Bible have been recited we sew for 
an hour. I teach them plain sewing and 
Tarioua kind* of fancy work. The boys also 
come and have work suited to them. When 
die sewing lession is over we devote half an 
hour to the Bible lession, then we close with 
pnyer. The children are bright and intelli- 
gent and are eager to team more about 
Jesui. I am very hopeful of them and feel 
tuie tbat the seed town in their hearts is 
taking toot. I have furnished those who 
can read well enough with Testaments, 
m a chapter to study and a 



vene to learn each week. The interest they 
■how is a great inspiration to me, and I 
thank God for giving me the privilege of 
teaching them at least a few of His precious 

" But things do not always go smooth with 
them, for when the priest hears that they 
attend a Prateatant school he threatens the 



IONS 257 

parents, and the children are kept away for 
a time. 7~hey are, however, usually allowed 
to return, and there are some parents who 
permit their children to come in spite of the 
priest. One bright little girl of fourteen has 
been so persecuted by her uncle, elder 
brothers and sisters, that when she wanted 
to read her Testament in the evening she 
could not do so in the house, and had to go 
into an outside shanty with a mining lamp 
for a light. The relatives of this dear little 
girl would not allow her to sing hymns at 
home, and for a long time kept her from 
my school. Again I sought guidance in 
prayer, and now she is allowed to come. 
Another girl has been kept away because 
since attending she has refused to partake 
of beer with the family. She has not returned 
yet to the school. 

"After beginning this work among the 
children I saw that if I was to hold them, 
the conlidence of the parents must be won, 
and I began to call at the homes. It is a 
pleasure to report that I have found them 
to be friendly people, very responsive to 
kindness, and by doing little things for them, 
such as visiting the sick and taking to them 
any little delicacies or occasionally applying 
simple home remedies in times of sickness, I 
have succeeded in winning their confidence 

The facility with which Mist Jones has 
learned to speak the Slovak language has 
brought her into very sympathetic touch 
with the mothers of the children who have 
all too little to encourage them in their hard 
and strenuous lives. She finds that to talk 
in the native tongue is a sure way to win the 
hearts of these new Americans. This self- 
appointed missionary also frequently acts as 
interpreter for the Slovak people, and they 
are more and more looking to her as their 
friend and Christian benefactor. 

Miss Jones reports that many whom she 
visits are dissatisfied with their religion, and 
are hungering for the Bread of Life. She 
distributes tracts and Testaments in their 
own language among them, but what they 
preach the gospel. 



She 



s that this 



isible 



because 
gather 



they have no building in which 

Learning of the Christian initiative and 
interesting work of Miss Jones, two Slovak 
missionaries of the American Baptist Home 



>58 



MISSIONS 



Million Society, Brothers Zboray and Scein- 
cavitch, held open-air meetings each week 
in the town in which the miwion school is 
located, but these had to be discontinued 
when the cold weather began. 

God has wonderfully blessed the effoits 
of thi< heroic young woman, ^o felt her 
raponiibility and measured her stewardship, 
not by the missionary efforts which she 
could idniuUte in others by her contribu- 
tion*, but by her own service, which she 
could render by acquiring through diligent 
study the Slovak language and patiently 
attacking a difficult problem with results 



that must bring comfort and satisfaction to 
her soul. She intends to press on, believing 
that God's word shall not return to him 
void, but that it will accomplish that which 
He pleases. 

Has not Miss Blodwin Jones of Pennsyl- 
vania, who has caught the evangelistic spirit 
of her own Welsh people, pointed out a path 
of Christian work which many young men • 
and women in our churches who have 
leisure and ability for service might well 
enter and follow with patience until they 
have illustrated again the parable of the 
Good Samaritan f 



The messengers to the Baptist World 
Alliance must get their credentials from the 
nrioui corresponding tccTetaries of the State 
boirda. No messenger can be registered 
without that certificate. The basis of repte- 



ic messenger to every one thou- 
uad membership. There will be a registra- 
tion fee of two doUan for all American and 
D meeieiigen. 



Admission to the Alliance meetings will be 
by badge; no one not having a badge will 
be admitted until after the opening hour. 
In this way the privileges of the Alliance will 
be secured to those who take the pains to 
come from a distance. 

Entertainment can be secured in private 
homes, lodging and breakfast, from one 
dollar up. At hotels, rooms without bath, 
one dollar up; with bath, two dollan up. 
Better room* at somevriiat higher figures. 



MISSIONS 359 

The Calling of William Shaughnessy 
By Rev. W. E. Hermiston 



THE [Mcture we give ii that of a diamond 
from the roug^, and the case illustrates 
what ii frequently met. We were on our 
w^ le one of the churchless towns in the 
Yakimm Valley, Washington. We stopped at 
Ac State ConTention at Nonh Yaluma, and 
tben found this man. He was then a poor 
lot, degraded, rum-soalced drunkard, who 
WM, ai Hi *i wc could see, among the 
hopdcMly ubmeigcd tenth that we consider 
a Bonl wattt. The first day he came to 
die Chapd Car he was the worst looking 
piece of humanity I have eTer looked at, 
ind I am ture that no human system of 
ednotian or j^iloeophy could have lifted 
him op to where he is today. Nothing but 
the reideeming and regenerating power of 
the goepel could have saved him. 

We directed him to the Baptist church 
where the meetings were held, as we were 
crowded out of the car. As he said later, 
that morning he heard the bright, cheerful 
music of the gospel songs, and as the people 
sang, "Jesus, lover of my soul," he thought, 
"Does any one love my soulf" Then the 
pastor prayed that God would break the 
chaini that Satan had bound around the 
heatts of men, and after the prayer a little 
girl arose and spoke to the audience. As 
the golden curb fell across her forehead she 
looked like a little angel. She asked them' 
to pray for her father, who was a drunkard. 
And Shaughnessy said, "Her voice sounded 
like my own child's, and it awakened my 
past, and I said then, 'I will arise and go 
to my Father's house.'" 

He aroK and asked the people to pray 
for him. At the pastor's invitation he came 
lorward and knelt in prayer, and that was 
the be^piuung of a gracious revival. The 
people came forward, and it wa* a time 
iriicn many r enewed their coveiunt. 

Ka convetiioti was genuine, and on last 
Tliaaki^Ting Day he waa baptized by Dr. 



H. L. Boardman, his pastor. He has de- 
veloped into a bright and shining light. He 
stood on the street the other evening and 
apoke to a large audience, and as he looked 
into the faces of many of his old companioiu 
he said, " Boys, I used to ask, 'What do 



you have on your hip?' and they would 
show a Bask of whiskey. Now I have lomc- 
thing on my hip, but thank God, it is a 
Biblel" And as he held it up he said: "I 
have seen the time when I spent fifty didlara 
along here in these salooni and then slept 
in a box car. Now, I have a good suit of 
clothes and a good room to sleep in, and I 
have a position, and this will be the happiest 
Christmas of my life, for I shall be recon- 
died to my family and loved ones." 

There are many things we can never 
report in this wonderful work on the Chapel 
Car. Only the angels can tell the ttaty. 



MISSIONS 



"The World in Boston" 



it WM fim propoced to 

a great mJitionaiy expo- 

1 in Bonon, aimilar to 

'Orient in London," the 

iction wu general that in 

countiy luch an expoti- 

entailing an expenie of 

teni of thouiands of dollar), could not be 

made lucceuful. There were fifty skeptio 

to one believer in the project. But when 

Mr. Gardner had come over from England 

and met certain groups of men, he inspired 

them with his own absolute faith in the 

enterprise, and it was decided to try it on 

in Boston and see v^at would come of it, 

under his leadership. 

There had to be done a vast amount of 
preparatoiy work in connection with a 
.scheme to great, involving the securing and 
training of thousands of volunteer workers, 
and the preparation of elaborate exhibits. 
In a countiy like ouis there was a whole 
new field of home missions to be explored 
and brought into exhibition line. The 
Home Boards joined in the plan with the 
Foreign, and the Worid in Bonon is to 
be the whole world indeed. There will be 
Indian pagodas from India and Indian 
tepcei from the United States. Chinese 
and Japanese will represent native and 
new-world environments. The nations will 
assemble, and all races will mingle on 
common ground, while over all the banner 
of the cross will be raised. 



As the work has gone on, the pubBc 
interest has been whetted and increased 
until, unless all signs fail, the Ex|)amtioa 
will be altogether the greatest thing of its 
kind Boston has known. Designed ai a 
New England affair, it is said that txeat- 
sions are planning to come frcMn the Middle 
States, and from eveiy part of New England 
the crowds will come in. And this, mind 
you, to see a purely missionary exposidon. 

There is no mistaking the fact that people 
like a big, venturesome, extraordinaiT thing. 
And they are going to have it in this txpo- 
sition. We expect when it actually is in 
operation to give such an account of it, 
with illustrations from the spot, as shall be 
wonhy and enable our readers to form an 
adequate idea of it. Now we desire dmply 
still further to whet the appetite of those 
within reach. 

It is plain that no exposititm yet hdd in 
this country has had anything like die 
variety and attractiveness of this one, to 
soon to open in Mechanics Hall and to fill 
every part of the huge building. It will be 
something new to be able to walk into a 
Chinese village and talk to real Chinamen, 
just as though you were a missionaiy in 
Hong Kong or Peking. Then to see a 
"bazar" in full operation, as thou^ you 
had been transported to India) Thin^ yon 
have read or heard of you can here see in 
real form. A Korean house, a Potto Rican 
cottage, an Indian tepee, a Japanese pagoda. 



MISSIONS 



361 



, cariof from all lands, — these 
I anl jnake a new impieuion 
Mtm. The main floor of the 
H ciTen to couitt and scenes 
B £t non-Christian countries. 
• wcdmi, to give an iltuttra- 
[^ a jott house, a chair hong, 
AnuM shop, industries and 
MHe with funeral ceremony, 
Wching temple, etc. Africa 
Congo hut, a fishing house, 
op, mission house, well, devil 

kalabuhes shop, medicine 
ritdi doctor. This will give 
diborateness of detail. Then 
be large spaces for medical 
. industrial missions, and the 

tninion fields, covering the 
inunigianu, the Indians and 
iticr work and Cuba and 
Ifedco and Hawaii. Educa- 
■U alto have its place, 
md costume lectures, group 
ii^ pictures and stereopticon 
make up another disUncdve 
lal feature of the Exposidon. 
ceant will represent Darkness 
d will be a distincrive feature, 
die daily work of instruction 
on, to attend the booths and 
ant, requires a small army of 



young people. This has been recruited 
from the chuichea, and thoroughly drilled 
for many months. Think of ten thousand 
stewards, as the Exposition staff are calledl 
These will, very many of them, be in cos- 
tumes of the countries they represent, and 
they have made themselves familiar with 
the countries and people, the nauve life and 
religion, the need of the gospel, the story 
of Christian missions in the past, and the 
opportunities now presenting themselves to 

Those who have seen the expoairions in 
England, and the designs made for the 
World in Boston, say that the coming 
exposition here will far surpass in effecdve- 
nesG anything done hitherto. All the 
experience of the English expositions has 
been at the command of the Boston exposi- 
tion, and improvements have been made 
possible by that experience as well as by the 
broadening of scope. For the illustrationa 
herewith we are indebted to the ExpotiHoH 
HtraU. 

The one thing that our readers will not 
fail to do, if it is at all possible, is to go to 
the exposirion, and go often enough to 
make a study of it. The opening day is 
April 24, and the Exposirion will t 
until May 20. 



MISSIONS 



Baptist Laymen's Rally Song 

BY H. L. MOREHOUSE, D.D. 



r earning, we iic cotaiug, Lad, a hundred 
ibouEind itrong, 
coming fur the conflict cS the ligbt agaioit the 



Cbonii: 
Glorj. glorj. Hilielujah; Glorj. glory, Hillelujah; 
Glai7, gloiT, Hilleujih; our God u leading on. 

We are coming to a hurett luch ■• earth baa ncTct 

Out of every tongue and nation God ia gathering Hia 

Glory, honor, power and bleating (o the Lamb upon 
the throne I 
Our God ia leading on. 

Coming, coming ii the Kingdom; God ii with us now 

He empowered Hia andent bcroei; He ia calling now, 

Let His ransomed people anawer with a hundrrd 

For God ii leading on. 

We ace coming with a ntion of the gloty thai thall be, 
When OUT Lord Ehall haTe dominkiD over eiery land 

and ft>i 
Viuon of supernal glory through a bleit elcrnity; 
For God it leading on. 
•{■ 

The Springfield Laymen's Meeting 

BY THE EDITOR 

THE Laymen's Banquet at SpHtigficId 
may be taken as, in some measure, 
typical. It was held iti the Highland 
Avenue Church, which has an unusually 
commodious vestry, and the tables were set 
for more than three hundred and fifty. 
'1 he ladies of (he church were the caterers 



and servers of an excellent dinner, and the 
tables were tempting in appearance. The 
room indeed presented a brilliant aspect, 
and was the scene of much enjoyment during 
the hour of the feast. The men were 
seated by churches, and gradually cards 
made their appearance, with the names of 
the diFerent churches upon them, so that 
the Holyoke and Agawam and other subur- 
ban people were distinguishable from the 
Springheldiies proper. There was applause 
as the signs were raised. Still more when 
the double quartet from the colored church 
sang some of the plantation melodies, in- 
eluding of couise the "Oldtime Religion," 
which was declared to be good enough for 
Dr. Weeks of the Highland Chun:h, Dr. 
Stackhouse and others. One who doubts 
the efficiency of such a dinner in promoting 
fellowship and human interest would have 
hard work to preserve the doubts in that 
genial atmosphere. Then, the impression 
made by the sight of so many men drawn 
together to consider the subject of missions 
was in itself enough to justify the gathering. 
As a social occasion, merely, it was worth 
while. We are talking a good deal about 
Baptists getting together. Here they were 
together, and ready for business. Sociability 
begets do-ability. 

It was evident that the appetite for the 
eatables was no sharper than that for the 
program that was to follow. The way had 
been prepared by good feeling, and Dr. 
White of the Home Mission Society had 
close attention from the start, when he illus- 
trated the attitude in which some approach 
their missionary oiFerings by the story of 
his little girl who snatched hec sister's 
pencil and ran with it, and being remon- 
strated with and told that such a wrtmg act 
must be settled with her own conscience, 



MISSIONS 



263 



after a considerable period of reflection 
walked up to the older sister and threw the 
pencil at her saying, "Take it, you stingy 
old diingy I'm going to be like Jesus 1" An 
impressive but brief setting forth of the 
American problems presented in the home 
mission work followed. Then Dr. Haggard, 
of the Foreign Society, was introduced and 
widened the horizon, showing the power in 
the reservoir and the way to utilize it. 

It should be said that the presiding officer, 
Mr. W. C. King, the live chairman of the 
local committee, had spoken brief words of 
welcome and introduced the speakers, also 
introducing the various workers and guests 
at the platform table. He was happy in 
his presentauon of the "long" awaited 
chief speaker, who unbent himself until he 
justified the "Lincolnesque" appellation 
bestowed upon him. For a full hour Dr. 
Stackhouse took the audience with him into 
sdl phaises of the missionary work and of the 
Xaymen's Movement. I shall not attempt 
zo describe his address. Some of the fea- 
tures of it are given in the form of verse in 
this issue. One thing is sure — the men will 
not foiget him, and they will always welcome 
liim. He is so unmistakably a real man, 
and a man with a mighty sweep of vision, 
determinadon of purpose, and faith in his 
message and the God of missions, that men 
are bound to recognize him as a force and 
to listen. He does not neglect the practical 
side. He shows exactly how the develop- 
ment of the la3mien's interest in missions 
means the carrying on of all the work of the 
church in businesslike manner and on a 
sound basis. He makes it clear that the 
increase of missionaiy giving, done on system 
and not impulse, means increase all along the 
line of church eflFort. He draws his illus- 
trarions largely from cases that he knows 
personally. His points are reasonable and 
hence appeal to the common-sense of his 
hearers. When he has fairly and fully 
presented the case, as an able, fair and zeal- 
ous advocate, he calls for some immediate 
acrion, so that the impulse generated may 
not dissipate and injure. If the methods pro- 
posed by die Lajrmen's Movement are sound, 
and the ten per cent per week per member 
for missions as a minimum is a reasonable 
proposal, the men are asked at once to 
affirm that by resolutions, with some other 
points added, such as a strong missionary 



committee in each church, an every member 
canvass, and a definite advance. This 
puts a mark for the future, and clinches 
something. 

The good effects of the evening were seen. 
Men were talking freely of a new sight, a 
deepened sense of duty, a keener realiza- 
tion of personal responsibility, a disposition 
to remove the disrepute of allowing the 
women to do the men's work of the church 
as well as their own, a desire to study up 
on missions, and so on. There was a mani- 
fest interest engendered. The subject had 
taken on life. Not a pastor there but would 
find it easier to preach a missionary sermon 
and present a better system of benevolence. 
The impression was strong and wholesome, 
and would all make for better church mem- 
bership and general progress. It was clear 
that wherever these meetings are held there 
will be results, some of them immediately 
visible, perhaps more of them long unseen 
and unknown. Watching critically that 
gathering of men in the Highland Church, 
noting the social cheer, the growing acquaint- 
ance, the joy in being together, the pleasure 
of the large number of ladies and young 
women in their gracious serving, the serious 
undertone as the great task of the church 
was brought clearly into view, the impres- 
sion of a strongly virile yet highly spiritual 
personality upon all classes of men — taking 
all the factors and features into considera- 
tion, it is my conviction that no man can 
measure the possibilities and probabilities 
and certainties of blessing and development 
for men, for the churches, and for the world- 
wide mission cause that lie in the Baptist 
Laymen's Movement. Its broad inclusive 
platform, covering every phase of missionary 
activity, is matched by the spirit of its 
leader, and of the devoted men who are his 
colaborers in this great quickening Move- 
ment. 

Those who are engaged in the "setting 
up " of these meetings will bear testimony to 
the fact that the success in getting the men 
together depends chiefly upon the pastors 
and the laymen who serve on the local com- 
mittees. Where the pastors, as in Spring- 
field and all points yet visited, eagerly 
welcome the Movement and inspire their 
men of influence to take hold of the com- 
mittee work, there is no question as to 
success. 



264 



MISSIONS 



The Heeting at Blnghunton 
Tlie largest mMting of the last week of 
February in New York State was at Bing- 
hamton, where +25 men sac at the tables in 
the Y.M.C.A. auditorium. Delegates came 
from many small towns in the vicini^, and 
it was an enthusiastic gathering. The 
speaker preceding Dr. Siackhouie was Dis- 
trict Secretary Divine of New York, who 
strongly set forth the church and her mission- 
ary achievements as the greatest asset the 
wartd holds. Amctica has been given the 
strat^c position and the equipment for the 
world task. The Secretary of the Move- 
ment made one of his most effective pres- 
entations of the work, and the resolutions 
were pasaed with a will. Committees were 
also appointed to cany out the plans made. 
AU Day M WUkealMiTe 
At Wilkesbarte there was an all day con- 
ference, the evening banquet not being suffi- 
cient for the appetite of the men in that 
section. This made a great day. At the 
morning and afternoon session Dr. Barnes 



participated, making a deeply impreniTe 
address in the afternoon on "The Unfolding 
of the Modem Missionary Enterpn'se." The 
conference on methods was very helpful. 
President Harris of Bucknell was among the 
speakerx in the evening. Rev. E. C. Ktmkle, 
pastor of the First Baptist Church of Wilkes- 
barre and a live missionary wire, presided at 
the banquet. All the pastors worked bard for 
the success of the meetings, and the attend- 
ance included neatly every Baptist church 
in the Wyoming Valley. 

Otlwr UMtiaga 
At Coming, N.Y., Z25 men attended the 
banquet, this being a goodly meeting for 
the place. At Homell there were 127, at 
Waverley 240, at Cortland 137, and at 
Wilkesbarre, Penn., 356. This drew from 
the Wyoming Valley, and many Wcbhmen 
were present, so that the singing was fine. 
The men sang Dr. Morehouse's new Move- 
ment Hymn, which we print in (his depart- 
ment, with a volume and sweep that were 
most inspiring, and it is a pity the author 
could not have heard them. 



MI SSIONS 



265 



266 



MISSIONS 






^m:^fmmmmmmmmmm^'im:m}. 






When quiet work had been achieved through leaders well selected, 

To see that wrong opinions were by truthful ones corrected, 

The pastor called a meeting, to determine what should be 

The church's missionary plan and **giving'* policy. 

Josiah still was obdurate and angry, but he came 

To block, he said with grim, stem tone, the pastor's money game. 

And sure enough, when pleasantly the plan had been unfolded 

To raise the fuU apportionment, he rose and roundly scolded. 

His followers applauded, and to save a stormy scene 

The meeting was declared adjourned — a victory for spleen. 

But still Uie truer-sighted strove, spread duplex envelopes. 

And worked for the apportionment though with diminished hopes. 

m 

This was the situation when the Laymen's Movement came. 

With program and announcements that soon set the town aflame. 

The men in all the churches were attracted by the plan. 

And ban<^uet applications soon the limits overran. 

Josiah said defiantly, he didn't mean to go. 

As though that meant sure failure for the so-called "Laymen's show." 

The men resolved, however, that Josiah should be there. 

For critics and opponents were the workers' special care. 

He had five calls m one forenoon, from friends who came entreating 

That he should purchase ticket for the Baptist Laymen's Meeting. 

At first he answered gruffly No, he didn't mean f attend. 

But after four came Si and asked, he couldn't help unbend. 

The fifth received his promise that he'd go a little while. 

And went away well satisfied, with reassuring smile. 

IV 

The evening came ; the scene was bright, the decorations fine ; 
The tables clad in snowy white with sdlverware did shine ; 
The ladies fair to serve were there, the men filled every seat; 
And for an hour, with fellowship, they had good things to eat. 
Josiah had been placed with those who urged him to be present. 
Who witil intent their efforts bent to make the banquet pleasant. 
So many men. such solid fare, such friendliness and cheer 
Made this by tar the greatest night he'd known in many a year. 
Indeed, he'd never dreamed that men like these in high positions 
Would crowd a place like this to show their interest in missions. 
The spirit of good comradeship o'ercame his last objection. 
And I don't think he would have winced at even a **Collection." 

V 

But now the moment came for which the finely served collation 

Had been the best known means devised of skillful preparation. 

The chairman of the local force that organized the meeting 

Presided as toastmaster and gave cordial words of greeting ; 

Then introduced a speaker who ¥ras fresh from mission field 

And briefly sketched a picture that most vividly appealed. 

So real it made the awful needs, the scarcity of men. 

The greater scarcity of funds to send them forth. And then. 

The chairman introduced the chief — the great-souled Secretary — 

The six-foot-five man — Lincolnesque — with face extraordinary — 

With burning eyes and thrilling voice, and all the points that presage 

A living prophet of the Lord with twentieth-century message. 

His long right arm stretched sternly forth, his index finger pointed. 

He seemed, to dazed Josiah, as the very Lord's anointed. 

Still more, Josiah felt that he was surely indicated 

As Doctor Stackhouse pictured those poor Christians, far belated. 

Who had not caught the vision of a world set in relation. 

Of the great redemptive purpose that embraces every nation. 

Of open doors set wide today for world evangelization. 

The glory of it smote his soul ; but now came a prediction 

Of what would be accomplished when a genuine conviction 




MISSIONS 



267 




Laid hold upon the laymen of the land and made them ask 

That God would fi;ive them grace to see and undertake the task. 

Swift| burning feu the words that told how faithless they had been ; 

How covetousness had held them fast in selfishness and sin ; 

How with our vast increase in wealth, our prosperous conditions, 

The Baptists had not averaged three cents a week for missions; 

How this was recreant to the Lord who gave the Great Commission, 

And oUled for deepest penitence, conversion and contrition. 

Then came the clarion appeal to face the matter squarely 

And deal with missions as they dealt with daily business — fairly. 

Ten cents per week per member — as a guidepost not a goal — 

Was surely minimum to ask of a converted soul 

To give the gospel message, with its note of joy profound, 

To every needy creature unto earth's remotest bound. 

U this were done, not only would the Budget auick be raised, 

Th' Apportionment far exceeded| but — (Josiah sat amazed) — 

With treasuries o'erflowing, switt our work we could enand. 

And raise victorious banners for the Christ in every land. 

Not yet the speaker ceased; he told just how the system worked; .^ 

What changes came to churches that of vore their duty shirked. 

But now had seen with Christ eyes, and had found it greatest joy. 

In service and in giving, means ana talents to employ. 

He told how debts and deficits had swiftly disappeared 

When churches their finances to these modem methods geared. 

He showed the meanness of the men who would not make a pledge — 

Held tip the shrinking hypocrites, who squirm and rave and hedge 

When asked to do the Lord's work, when He plainly makes it known. 

As honestly and faithfully as they would do tneir own. 

And as he pressed the plain, stern truth, Josiah seemed to shrink. 

And wished that through the hardwood m>or he might in some way sink. 

But now the speaker changed again, and pointed to the cross. 
Declared how gladly in all days good men had suffered loss 
To serve Him who had died for Siem ; how still heroic men 
Were ready to give all for Him, If they but knew. And then. 
With splendid passion-burst he placed their privilege in view. 
And asked each — in the Master's name — to say what he would do. 

VI 

Josiah sat as in a trance while resolutions passed. 

And benediction was pronounced. Then up he rose at last 

And started for the speaker who had shown him his own soul — 

His selfish, shameful, stingy self — against the shining goal. 

He grasped the strong, kind hand outstretched — then suddenly outblurted : 

**Tlumk God for what you said tonight — thank God, I've been converted 1 

Fve thought I was a Christian for well on to forty years. 

But haven't been a real one as the vision now appears. 

TeL by His grace I'll be one, and I'll start this very night 

I tried to knock the Budget out, but now I'll set that right. 

Tes. here's my pastor, he knows. Pastor, that Apportionment 

We'll raise if I contribute every last remaining cent. 

Fve been all wrong, I see it, but Pve come into the light — 

God bless the Laymen's Movement — it has saved my soul tonight I" 

vn 

The closing word is but to say that this was true conversion — 
Jofldah carried out in fuU his penitent assertion; 
When Sunday came he asked to speak, and told the congregation 
How wrong he'd been and how he met his mission trannormation. 
He pledged one-tenth, and said he yet could not feel quite content 
Until they'd doubled the amount of their Apportionment; 
Which, under such strong influence, they did before they went. 
Shoidd tiiere be need in your church for a Uttie sotil improvement 
Arrange quick for a banquet of the Baptist Lasrmen's Movement 



•1 



MISSIONS 



Missionary Program Topics for 1911 

January. Our Work among Foreign Populations. 

February. OuR Work FOR MbXICAMB AND InDIANB. 

March. The Western States: Status and Outlook. 

April. The World's Kino and How He Conuuers. 

May. Colporter Work. 

June. Our Denominational Power and Obligations. 

(Mebtings in Philadelphia.) 

July. Our Obligations to Porto Rico and Philippines. 

Augutt. State Convention Work. 

Stpltmber. Rbforts from China. 

October. Reports from India. 

Nauimhtr. Ttials and Triumphs in Europe. 

DeetmhtT. African Missions 



Colporter Work, 

PROGRAM FOR MAY 

1. Hymn: Selected from Hymnal. 

2. Scripture Reading: Parable of Sower. 

3. Prayer; For the colportera especially, 
as they carry their gospel seed, in Bibles, 
Testaments, tracts and books, up and down 
the land; as they also enter into homes and 
do a personal work of evangelism. 

4. Hymn: Sowing seeds of Kindness. 

5. Sketch; On the Umraveled Road; 
pioneer experiences of Colporter Edward B. 
Edmunds, given in March Missions. Divide 
this into at least four pans, giving one to 
each of four young men to read. 

6. Hymn: Seleaed. 

7. An Italian's Colponer Work in New 
York (Missions for March). 

8. Special prayer for the colportage work 
among the foreigners coming here to make 
their home. 

9. The Colportage Wagons and their 
Helpful Work. (Send to American Baptist 
Publication Society for leaflet on this work, 
full of incidents good to read.) 

10. Hymn and closing prayer or bene- 
diction. 

Note. Send to i;oi Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, for colportage literature. Back 
numbers of Missions contain most interest- 

t natter for the program. Do not make it 



A Revival at Fosaton, MlaiutotR 
Rev. W. E, Rbinger, Publication Society 
missionary in Minnesota, reports that he 
has had a successful meeting at Fosston, 
where under the care of Rev. A. ErickstHi 
a new Sunday school has been established. 
The new church has thirty members and 



excellent prospects of growth. Then Mr. 
Risinger carried on meetings at Mcintosh 
in connection with the church. After hold- 
ing a Sunday school institute the people 
pressed him to return for evangelistic meet- 
ings, which he did. There was a deep 
spirit manifested and a number professed 
conversion. It is the missionary's custom 
to close his Sunday school institutes with an 
appeal to the unconverted to accept Christ, 
and many have responded. 



MISSIONS 



269 




pilll|g|l|gIjiIg|lIgigIlilllllSIglgIg|lIMlI@^ 



WOMEN'S WORK IN MISSIONS 

I'glllll^'lIllllllllMllPlllIlillllllli^^ 



The Jubilee Campaign 

The Woman's National Foreign Mission- 
ary Jubilee Meetings in Buffalo were 
remarkably successful and inspiring. Nine 
denominations united. Services were held 
in the Central Presb3rterian Church, which 
seats about 1,500, and overflow meetings 
in two other churches on two evenings. 
Many representatives from the foreign field 
were present, besides women who are 
prominent in their denominations as helpers 
on the home field. Our Baptist women were 
surely not behind others in leadership and 
in the interest and effectiveness of their 
speaking. Mrs. H. W. Peabody of Boston 
spoke at nearly all the sessions, and was 
always heard with delist. Another Baptist 
woman, Mrs. W. A. Montgomery of Roch- 
ester, was equally prominent. Mrs. Pea- 
body at one meering gave credit to Mrs. 
Montgomery's book, "Western Women in 
Eastern Lands," for having suggested the 
campaign. Mrs. W. T. Elmore, one of our 
Baptist missionaries, made a deep im- 
pression. 

Toward the million-dollar fund, Buffalo 
pledged about jf8,ooo. In the reports of 
subscriptions made at the closing meeting 
it appeared that the Baptists stood ahead 
of others. Friday afternoon was given to 
the denominadonal rallies, and the Baptists 
met at the Delaware Avenue Church, where 
about 700 women gathered, and over f 3,000 
was pledged, the largest up to date. Follow- 
ing diese denominational rallies was the 
banquet in Convention Hall. This banquet 
exceeded all expectations. Plans were made 
for an attendance of 1,500 women, but it 
became necessaiy to accommodate about 
2,500, with many unable to secure admission. 
The large hall was beautifully decorated. 
A touching incident was the presentation 
of Mrs. Reuben Lord, eighty-two years of 
age, who was present at tho organization 
of the first woman's missionary society in 
New York fifty jrcgjf ago. 



Fortieth Anniversary of the Woman's 
Baptist Foreign Mission Society 

The "World in Boston," it is to be. The 
fortieth anniversary of the Woman's Baptist 
Foreign Missionary Society will be most 
appropriately observed in the home city of 
the Society, April 20, 21. Tlie convention 
will be entertained by the circles of the four 
Boston Associations led by an able corps of 
women to direct the details. These officers 
and chairmen of committees already have 
the affair well in hand: Chairman, Mrs. 
Geneva B. Smith; secretary. Miss Hattie A. 
Manley; treasurer. Miss Grace £. Colbum; 
chairman of finance committee, Mrs. Robert 
W. Van Kirk; hospitality, Mrs. F. W. Walsh; 
press. Miss H. A. Manley; reception, Mrs. 
W. H. Heustis; registration, Mr. P. W. 
Danforth; assignment, Mrs. J. H. Weld; 
information, Mrs. £. C. Applegarth; enter- 
tainment, Mrs. L. K. Durgin; music, Mrs. 
W. N. Donovan. The meetings will be held 
in the Ford Building, which offers ample 
accommodations. The headquarters for 
officers will be at the Parker House, where 
rooms may be obtained from iti.50 up, one 
in a room, or ^$2.50 up, two in a room. 
Meals will be served in Kingsley Hall at 
twenty-five cents a plate. Circles should 
arrange to send large delegations, and are 
urged to correspond with the proper com- 
mittees as soon as possible in regard to 
entertainment. ^ 

The Western Society's Annual Meeting 

The fortieth anniversary of the Woman's 
Baptist Foreign Missionary Society of the 
West will be held at the First Church, 
Indianapolis, April 11-13. It is expected 
that every State in its constituency will be 
represented among the delegates in attend- 
ance, as the meeting of 191 1 promises to be 
one of unusual note. The Woman's Societies 
have a story of achievement to tell of which 
Baptist women (and men too) may well be 
proud. 



270 



MISSIONS 



Tlxe Local Circle and New Budget Plan 

As there has been some confusion regard- 
ing the working of the new Budget plan in 
relation to the women's circles, Mrs. A. G. 
Lester, President of the Woman's Home 
Mission Society, says in Tidings: 

"In the new Budget plan the relation of 
the local circle to the Women's Societies is 
in no way changed. As you know, this appor- 
tionment plan has long been followed by the 
Women's Societies. It has proved so success- 
ful that it has been adopted by all the mission- 
ary societies. The aim in view and the one 
we believe desired by the Northern Baptist 
Convention is that this plan will in no in- 
stance diminish the gifts from any church or 
circle, to any one of these great missionary 
enterprises, for each has its definite work to 
do, but will result in larger gifts for each and 
a greater interest in all our missionary en- 
deavor, which means the work of bringing in 
the kingdom. 

"The work which the Women's Societies 
are doing is a distinctive work, and the appor- 
tionments for its maintenance should be 
raised whether it be in the circle (and we still 
consider this the better plan) or whether it be 
included in the church budget." 

The Women at Northfield 

The fifth summer conference of women in 
the interest of Home Missions will be held in 
Northfield, July 21-28, on the campus of 
Northfield Seminary. The program includes 
mission study, Bible study, discussion of 
methods, evening addresses, a quiet hour on 
Round Top, talks by missionaries, and after- 
noon recreation. Information can be had 
from headquarters in Chicago, from Mrs. 
N. N. Bishop, Ford Building, or Mrs. Reuben 
Maplesden, 41 14 Pine Street, Philadelphia. 

A Woman's Bible Class in Porto Rico 

There is more than one, but the one now 
in mind is at Caguas, a city of nine thousand 
inhabitants located among the evergreen 
hills. The name of this class is "The Faith- 
ful Sisters," and is appropriate since its 
members are faithful in attendance and try 
to live up to the ideals of the class. Recently 
at the regular Friday-night meeting there 
were fifty-five women present. The members 
class are working hard to increase the 




attendance. They appreciate the benefit 
received from it and want others to share 
the good things with them. This class was 
organized over a year ago by Misses Palados 
and Marrin, who are missionaries of the 
Woman's American Baprist Home Mission 
Society. The Bible is taught and much 
more. Lessons are given on home-keeping 
and health. Housekeeping is not dignified 
by many Porto Rican women. The women 
of this class are finding out they can serve 
God by keeping their homes clean and caring 
for their children. 

A Merited Appreciation 

The Woman's Missionary Jubilee con- 
tinues with remarkable endiusiasm. The 
fund for special buildings on the various 
mission fields is swelling toward the mark 
of f 1, 000,000. The meedngs succeeding 
that in Washington were wonderful. Audi- 
ences of 4,000, 3,500, 3,000 are common. 
The Pageant was given twice in Pittsburgh, 
the two hundred girls and women being 
carried from one hall to another in auto- 
mobiles. One of the most impressive things 
about this whole Jubilee is the magnificent 
generalship displayed in its organization and 
conduct. Every meeting is an astounding 
success, and every detail is carried through 
perfectly. For this the Jubilee is chiefly 
indebted to Mrs. Henry W. Peabody of 
Beverly, Mass., Chairman of "The Central 
Committee on the Study of Missions." — 
The Watchman, 

A Chinese Woman of Note 
Dr. Yamei Kin, the first and so far as 
known, the only Chinese woman physician 
graduated from an American medical college, 
and now head of the Woman's Medical De- 
partment of North China, a government 
position, has returned to this country with 
a young Chinese woman who will try for a 
doctor's diploma at Johns Hopkins. Dr. 
Kin, a Cornell graduate in 1885, has done a 
remarkable work in China, having reorgan- 
ized the hospital s)rstem for women and 
children, and established a nurses' training 
school. As head of the Imperial Woman's 
Medical School at Tientsin she wields wide 
influence. She says the Chinese women are 
taking a much more acrive part in aflPairs 
than hitherto. 



MISSIONS 



Hissionvj Schools the Hodels 
the 30,000 Protestart 



Khools of ail grades in mission fields 
there are today more than 1,500,000 of the 
choice youth of the East. But what is 
more significaiit, these schools are becoming 
the models on which are organized the 
Khodc of the countiy. The missionaries, 
by the work they have done and the success 
ik their endeavor along educational lines, 
have won for themselves an influential 
po8iri<H) as educators in the East. — Stcrt- 
lor J Barlon, A.B.C.F.M. 

ValtM of Aoiericaii Mission Schools 

The Vice-Consul oT Chefoo, Shantung 
Province, China, C. N, Williams, reports 
(hat careAiI inquiry reveals the fact that by 
far the most ewensive and effective work 
for spreading western education in that 
province is being done by the Protestant 
missionaries, most of them being Americans. 
The schools, he declares, are graded accord- 
ing to the home standard, and thoroughness 
seems to be the keynote. With the excep- 
tion of some who have "picked up" their 
En^ish, moat of the English-speaking clerks 
and empl<^e9 come from the mission 
schoc^. 

What HedlcAl Hlsdoni Do 

The medical branch of mi 
more to reconcile the Chinese to foreign 
association than any other agency. During 
a recent overland trip to a city where no 
forever had been permitted to live till the 
American medical missionary opened a 
e declares that the mention of 
with that missionary invari- 
ibl)r put him on a friendly footing. Contaa 



with their work forces the conclusion that 
the missionaries are practical forerunners 
of the commercial enterprise. They seldom 
fail to win the respect and esteem even of 
those who will not accept their doctrine. 
Turkish Immigration 
In the Asiatic provinces of Turkey there 
are regions of discontent and conflict, even 
thoqgh there are no outward rebellions. 
The emigration to America continues despite 
the new government, and is recognized as an 
alarming fact. One of the Turkish news- 
papers declares that there are 300,000 
Ottomans already in America who have 
come from Syria, besides 80,000 Armenians. 
This tide cannot be stopped until its causes 
are removed. 

^ A missionary in Albania reports that the 
government oppression has not been exag- 
gerated in the papersi that hundreds of 
Albanians have been killed and other 
hundreds beaten, exiled or imprisoned. 
Quiet people have been treated as the worst 
of criminals, all newspapers and schools 
have been prohibited. The American 
missionaries are safe only because the 
Turkish oflicials do not dare bring down the 
American government's power upon them. 
Russlt's Populatioii 
doing ^ The new census in Russia gives a popula- 
tion of over 160,000,000, with an annual in- 
crease rate of two and a half millions. The 
vast peasant population is shown by the fact 
that of each thousand persons 771 are 



peasants. 



;rchar 



inhabit: 



! oft. 



. "5 ■• 



^^^ 



MISSIONS 



has a more heterogeneous population, and 
none a more irresponsible and tyrannical 
government. Autocracy gives way slov^ly 
in Russia, but it is doomed. The State 
Church will go with it, and then Baptists will 
have a great day in the land of the Tsars. 
The Insinuating Mormons 

It is stated that a leading Mormon has 
secured the position of agent for the White 
Star Line at one of the ports abroad. It is 
pertinent in this connection to say that the 
English Home Secretary has reported to the 
House that rigid steps should be taken to 
suppress the Mormon missionaries who are 
luring hundreds of young women from their 
homes. The Emperor of Germany has for- 
bidden the Mormon emissaries entrance to 
his dominions, but they steal in nevertheless. 
Our government might well be asked to keep 
these missionaries at home. Meanwhile the 
Mormon Church is growing in power, pro- 
tected by its religious guise. 

Look Out for Liberty 

The Home Missions Council, which in- 
cludes the chief Home Mission Boards of the 
country, has reaffirmed the Protestant 
doctrine of no appropriations from the 
public treasury for sectarian purposes. The 
Council at its Washington meeting sent 
protests to the chairmen of both House and 
Senate committees against an appropriation 
of 300,000 acres of land in New Mexico for 
a Catholic industrial school, and also against 
an appropriation of ^20,000 to be expended 
by the Northern Californian Indian Associa- 
tion, a Protestant body. The Baptist posi- 
tion is the only safe one — no appropriations 
of public moneys for any sectarian purposes 

whatever. 

What Costs 

Speaking of the relative cost and methods 
of administration, the Foreign Board of the 
Reformed Church reports a total cost of 
administration and educating the churches 
of about twelve per cent. This sentence is 
added, which is worth thinking about: **It 
is not handling the money that costs, but 
getting the money to handle." 

A Worthy Work 

The Old Jerry McAuley Water Street 
Mission, which has done such a remarkable 
rescue work, is seeking to erect a new and 
much needed building which shall make its 
future secure. The present superintendent. 



John H. Wybum, is exactly adapted to carry 
forward this enterprise. The Water Street 
Mission testimonies from saved lives form 
another of those volumes of redemption that 
are the absolute proof of the power of the 
gospel to save. 

In Plague Stricken China 

The kindly feeling toward the American 
missionaries was shown recently in Tai- 
kushien, Shansi, when the men of the 
American Board mission were invited to a 
feast given by one of the banks. Tlie repast 
was elaborate, including dried eggs reported 
to be two hundred years old. The missiona- 
ries were permitted to say grace and explain 
the custom, and had chance to make the 
host understand that they were not sent out 
by the United States government for some 
political reason, as had been supposed. One 
banker has joined the Congregational 
church, and is a valuable addition. 

In the two northern provinces of Chihli 
and Shansi, where the plague is raging, the 
American Board has nearly one-seventh of 
its 596 missionaries at work. In the two 
missions there are 80 missionaries, 11 
churches with 4,166 members, 253 native 
laborers, and 1,435 pupils in the schools. 
This for a population of over thirty-three 
millions. Peking, the capital, is in Chihli. 

Value of a Joint Movement 

In 1909 for the first time the Congrega- 
tional Missionary Societies, including nine 
bodies and covering the home and foreign 
fields, made a joint campaign with aim to 
raise money enough to pay off all accumu- 
lated debts, amounting to ^223,000, and as 
large a surplus as possible. The result was 
^$328,827 in pledges, which have nearly all 
been paid. Of the influences of the inclusive 
movement the Missionary Herald^ organ of 
the American Board, says: 

"The Societies are grateful to God and 
to their constituency for the new era in their 
work and plans, which was made possible 
by the success of the campaign. The unity 
of the work at home and abroad is felt as 
never before. The churches have been 
brought into closer sympathy with the 
mission cause. New friends have been 
made for all aspects of the work. Systemadc 
and thoughtful giving has been promoted. 
The outlook for growth in fruitful service is 
bright." 



MISSIONS 



Echoes from the Oriental Press 



ChrUtJauit; in India 

The Arya Messenger, organ of the Arya 
Samaj, a Hindu organization opposed to 
Chrinianity, puts it this way: 

"While the people of India increased in 
1891 to 1901 at the rate of two and one-half 
per cent, native Christians increased at the 
rate of over thirty per cent. Just think for 
1 moment what Christian missionaries are 
accomplishing in India, though they come 
here from the remotest parts of Europel 
They beat even the Aiya Samajists, in spite 
of their preaching the indigenous faith of 
the countiy. The reason is the Arya Sama- 
jins have not yet learned to worlc amoT^g 
the masses who form the backbone of India. 
It i* high time for us to realize that the 
future of India lies not in the hands of the 
higher classes, but of the low' caste people, 
and if we devote the best part of our energy 
in raising the status of the masses, we can 
make every Indian household resound with 
die chanting of the Vedas at no distant date, 
but where are the men; where is the 
ucrifice?" 

Tli« Aim of Christian Hlsaloiu 

A leading journal of the native press of 
India, the Indian Social Reformer, devoted 
it* chief editorial article in a recent issue to 
the diacussion of "The Educational Work of 
Chtisrian Missions." The article is highly 
appreciative; "It is impossible to deny that 
the several schools and colleges conducted by 
Christian missions in India have had a large 
■hare in the moral and spiritual awakening 
that it visible on all sides. The high character 
and example of the devoted men who are in 
charge of these insdtutions, their generally 
sympathetic and kindly feeling for their 



students, onJ alio, of course, the study of the 
Bible, at any rate in the higher classes, have 
undoubtedly left their impress on the best 
Indian thought and aaiviries of the day. If 
today Christianity is recognized by all classes 
and creeds as one of the great religions of the 
world, and if the name of Christ is held in 
high reverence and is often coupled with that 
of Buddha as one of the two greatest teachers 
of humanity, it is wholly due to the work of 
the educational missions and missionaries." 

Having said so much hy way of commenda- 
tion, the writer adds this word of mild protest; 
"We should like that some at least of the 
more intellectual missionaries should cease 
to countenance the popular view, that to 
make people call themselves Christians is the 
final end -and aim of all good work," 
Exactly the Aim 

The editor of the Dnyanodaya, Dr. R. E, 
Hume, in reprinting these statements, 
agrees heartily that to call one's self a Chris- 
tian is not the sufficient test of being a 
disciple; the tendency to judge by externals 
has called for rebuke from Jesus' day to 
this. Yet to the question what is the final 
end and aim of missionary endeavor there 
can be but one adequate answer; unequivo- 
cally and unreservedly it must be admitted 
that "there is a subtle, ulterior purpose at 
the back of all this (educational) good 
work." This aim is not to induce people 
to get themselves baptized and to swell the 
numbers of the Christian communities by a 
merely outward separation. The aim of 
Christian missions through all its educa- 
tional, medical, industrial and evangelistic 
enterprise is supremely spiritual; it believes 
that the supreme value of life lies in personal 



^74 



MISSIONS 



connection with the holy, loving Father- 
God; and it believes that the most powerful 
means of securing this connection is through 
Jesus Christ. The Dnyanodaya has put 
clearly and strongly the essential and dis- 
tinctive purpose of the missionary as above 
that of the philanthropist and the social 
reformer. 

Japan Educatiiig the Chinese 

Japan Evangelist: "There are now 3,000 
Chinese students in Tokyo; the number has 
decreased sharply from former years, but 
thty are a much better, stronger, and more 
influential type of men than formerly; 100 of 
these men have been baptized as Christians 
during the last year; they will go back to 
China to be leaders in their several localities." 

"The Moslem World" 

WE have just read number one, volume 
one, of this new quarterly which has 
a clear field and mission. The editor in 
chief is Dr. S. M. Zwemer, one of the modem 
apostles of missions whose soul is on Are 
and whose spiritual vision is keen. Working 
among the forces of Islam, he knows the vast 
initiative and missionary power of that faith 
which is Christianity's strongest foe in non- 
Christian lands today. A body of men, all 
experts, is associated with him, and The 
Moslem World cannot fail to enlighten us 
regarding the aims and progress and methods 
of the devoted followers of Mohammed. 

The opening article is on "Moslems in 
Russia," by Mrs. S. BobrovnikoflF, who 
traces the spread of Islam among the aborigi- 
nal tribes in the east of Russia, and later 
among the Tatars, until the Mohammedan 
religion became predominant in this part of 
Russia. Even among the baptized aborigi- 
nes Islam made its way, since the nominal 
Christians had neither a clergy nor schools. 
In the first half of the nineteenth century 
Islam had taken firm root in Eastern Russia. 
The one opposing spiritual force was that 
of Professor Ilminsky, whose remarkable 
work is an inspiring example of missionary 
heroism that should be more widely known. 
Marked by unity and fanadcism, however, 
the Mohammedans have continued to make 
steady gains. At present they number 
from seventeen to twenty millions in the 



Empire, and are found in all parts of it. 
It is suggested that a mission might be 
founded near the fronder, and that workers 
among the aboriginal tribes might be helped, 
especially Bible distributors. Meanwhile 
the striking fact is brought out by this 
article that Islam is the most aggressive 
faith in Russia at the present dme. The 
religious force that can meet and overthrow 
it is to be found, not in the moribund Greek 
Church, but in the new evangelistic move- 
ment represented by the Russian Baptists 
and other dissenters. 

The next article, on "The Mohammedan 
Population of China," is more cheering. 
Mr. Marshall Broomhall, Secretary of the 
China Inland Mission, is the writer, and he 
cuts down the totals from the seventy million, 
fifty million and thirty million guesses of 
Moslem oflicials and English and French 
writers, to between five and ten millions, 
inclining to the latter figures. But while 
this seems comparadvely small against the 
four hundred millions of the Empire, he 
reminds us that here is a community equal 
to that of Egypt or Persia, Scotland or 
Ireland, Tibet or Manchuria, without any 
missionaries whatever; and a community 
which he regards as peculiarly accessible 
to the gospel, if presented by missionaries 
qualified to deal with them. It should be 
remembered also that these ten millions 
are diffused throughout the Empire. Islam 
will prove the leaven, if Christianity does not 
render its presence ineffective. 

The article on "The German Nadonal 
Colonial Conference and Islam" shows that 
the total Islamization of the African posses- 
sions was fully recognized as the greatest 
menace to Germany at present, and that the 
government had apparently been blind to 
this and had actually favored the Mohamme- 
dans. It was a German Roman Catholic 
priest who declared that "Government, 
missions and colonists must unite in direct 
and indirect defence and protecdon against 
the common foe, so that the future of Africa 
may be Christian." 

Minor articles, notes on Present Day 
Movements and Book Reviews complete a 
number of value to every student of missions. 
The Review is published for the Nile Mission 
Press by the Christian Literature Society 
for India, 35 John Street, Bedford Row, 
London. 



MISSIONS 



"Why Insult the World?" 
Tht World Today. "The President tells 
lu we ought to fortify the Panama Canal 
(write* Shailer Mathewi, the editor), but 
the canal is not a part of our coast. It can 
IS well be neutralized as the Suez Canal, 
ihe Straits of Magellan, the Danube River, 
the Black Sea, several of the smaller coun- 
tries of Europe, and, to all intents and 
purposes, the Great Lakes of America. To 
doubt the good faith involved in such 
oeutialinng and to foriify the canal it to 
itisub the netioni of the world. It is to tell 
them that we do not think their word is 
worth the taking; that we do not believe in 
their honor and that we distrust their 
friendship." 

Dining In Aid of UiHions 
Boaon Tranicripl: "Baptist laymen are 
holditig the most ambitious series of dinners 
intended to help missions that have yet 
been attempted, and with an attention to 
detail that approaches modem trust methods 
in thoroughness. Dinners have just been 
held in Cindnnati, Dayton and Columbus. 
From now until the middle of March the 
leries will cover central New York cities, 
including Binghamton, Connecticut cities, 
including Soudi Norwalk, New Haven and 
New London, and four ciries in West 
Virginia. Early in April a series will be 
given in Minnesota, to be followed in May 
by others in IllincMs cities, including Chicago. 
An advance man works up each meeting, 
a principal speaker comes along at the right 
time, often putting in a luncheon in one 
city and a night conference in another, and 
a third comes after to follow up clews and 
clinch the work. Such system has, it is 
said, never been seen before in missionary 
Dinneta that are not followed by 



after speeches of fun, but which talk finances, 
are attended by two to five hundred men 
each, with an interest and intelligence on the 
part of mature men that have not hereto- 
fore been seen." 



The Appartloiiment 

"The General Apporti 



TheE> 
ment Comminee of the Norther 
Convention, representing the three general 
societies and the three women's societies, 
has placed the needs of our home and 
foreign mission work before the denomina- 
oon. Of course, every one knows that there 
is nothing compulsory in the apportionment. 
Every church and every individual is as 
free to give or withhold as if there were no 
apportionment committee and no Budget. 
The only compulsion is that which Paul 
felt when he wrote, 'The love of Christ 
constraineth me.' Thi only object of the 
oppoTtionment is to give drfinittness to the 
appeal. If honestly unable to raise the full 
amount assigned, no church is disparaged 
thereby; nor does it serve to place a limit 
on what the heart is prompted to give. How 
fine it would be if all the contributors should 
exceed the amount of the apportionment! 
This could easily have been accomplished if 
each member of every church had begun 
last year, as soon as the anniversaries were 
over, to 'lay by in store' for this sacred 
object. So our suggestion is to those who 
have n^leaed the duty so far. Begin 

Don 't leave theolfering till thelast moment, 
and then give a tithe of what you would 
have contributed had you followed Paul's 
sensible advice from the beginning of the 
convention year. But give liberally, as unto 
the Lord, and in joyous remembrance of 
all that He has done for you." 



276 



MISSIONS 



CONDUCTBD BY SECRETARY JOHN M. MOORE 



Taking Stock 
NOTHER 
history of ihc Forward Mi 
ment has arrived, and 
have been taking stock, 



I made some discoveries, 

which we want to pass on to 

the readers of Missions, every 

one of whom it is fair to 

assume is interested in our work. In such 

work it is always to be assumed that the 

blessing of God is the supreme value. 

Through this blessing the following assets 

have been acquired: 

GOOD PLANS 

The study of the problem of missionary 
education for four years has developed some 
approved methods. We dare to say that 
we have good plans because that is what 
other people are saying of them. Three of 
these may be mentioned: 

I. Our "triplex" plan of mission 
study, which combines a reading circle, 
a study class and four programs, is widely 
approved, because it provides for the ex- 
tension to a wider circle of the results of 

1. Our Sunday school plan of dividing 
the year into periods for the consideration 
of special fields, each period to culminate 
with a missionary concert, is being enthusi- 
astically received. A well-known New Eng- 
land pastor says concerning w. "I like the 
general plan you have su^ested. It is 
the best thing that has come out. Keep at 
it, you are winning." 

The sentiments of this pastor on the 
Atlantic Coast are echoed back from the 
Pacific in a letter from one of the leading 
pastors of California: 



" 1 am greatly taken with your movement 
for missionary education in the Sunday 
schools. It appears to me to be the most 
worthy and practical proposition that has 
come out. It promises to solve my problem 
at least, and I am sure that it will be a boon 
to thousands of pastors and superintendents." 

3. Our STEWARDSHIP PLAN. Two things 
have been emphasized from the first: pro- 
portionate giving for the individual and 
weekly giving by the church. Concerning 
the first we announce in another column a 
plan for a "Stewardship Census Day," 
which has been approved by more than two 
hundred and fifty denominational leaders, 
representing every State in the field of 
the Northern Baptist Convention. 

A leading worker in the West comments 
briefly: "Just fine, the best yet." 

The president of one of the societies says: 
"I think the plan admirable." Others 
speak in similar vein. 

Concerning the second it is necessary only 
to say that weekly giving is being empha- 
sized by the Laymen's Movement, and has 
been approved by the Northern Baptist 
Convenlion which has supplied eight hun- 
dred churches with double envelopes, free 
of charge, during the last fifteen months. 



Our campaign printed matter has called 
forth expressions of approval from men 
whose approval we appreciate. A Chicago 
pastor, who probably has given more study 
to publicity methods than any other pastor 
in the denomination, writes: "The up-to- 
date printing and methods you employ 
delight my hean." 

Our text-books and other material for 
mission study are high grade, at least thu 



MISSIONS 



277 



• • 




fa wbat peopk ny. Our Popular Programs, 
for csanme, based upon "The Decisive 
Hoar of Christian Missions/' "Advance in 
At AadlK'' "Stewardship and Missions/' 
and odier too-books are decidedly fresh and 
1 and popular. A leading Iowa 
writes: "I greatly appreciate the 
you sent. The sermon which I 
fa die outcome of some special study 
along die lines suggested by your literature. 
Your department is surely doing a great 
work for the denominadon." 

Another pastor in the Central West, speak- 
ing of our "Hand of Fellowship" folder for 
presentadon to new members, says: "I 
have just received one hundred copies. I 
desire very much at least one hundred fifty 
more. This folder is the best I have seen." 

An Iowa pastor wntes: "I v^nt to con- 
gratulate you on the very attractive litera- 
ture you are sending out, and the masterly 
way in which you are pushing the cam- 
paign for missionary education." 

GOOD BUSINESS 

Four jrears of persistent work have 
arrested the attendon of pastors and church 
workers to such an extent that during the 
year 1910 more than ten thousand letters and 
post cards were received in the Forward 
Movement office. That means an average 
of about two hundred per week throughout 
the year. cooD results 

Of course much of the work of the For- 
ward Movement, like all educational work, 
is of a sort that makes it hard to tabulate 
results. Some things though are quite 
apparent. Weekly giving to missions has 
been introduced into a large number of 
Sunday schoob with results most gratifying. 

The special Foreign Mission Sunday 
school campaign, which culminated at 
Christmas, enlisted seventy per- cent more 
schoob than parddpated the year before, 
and the offerings as far as reported are 
forty per cent greater per school. This 
one single enterprise has turned back into 
the Foreign Missioii treasuries a sum 
considerably laiger than that expended for 
the Forward Movement work in the whole 
year, not to speak of the increasing returns 
that will come through all the years, as a 
result of thfa educadonal work. The Home 
Mission campaign just closed promises as 
great, or larger, returns. 



The effort of promodng weekly giving to 
missions has been largely taken over by 
the General Apportionment Committee, and 
is dealt with on another page. 

GOOD WILL 

This is, of course, most important. 
Everything depends upon our ability to 
merit and receive the approval of the de- 
nomination for which we work. The volume 
of our business referred to above is one 
evidence of good will, especially when it is 
added that in these ten thousand letters 
and post cards not ten contained unfavorable 
criticism. The letters quoted above might 
be duplicated by the hundreds, but one 
more will be sufficient. A District Secretary 
writes: "The work you are doing in Bible 
schools in getting in the duplex envelopes 
and securing missionary officers is the best 
thing that has come to us in the last ten 
years. I thank God for it." 

These are our assets. Next month we 
shall have something to say about our 

LIABILITIES. 

ii 

They Like It 

The pastors are responding with great 
heartiness to the proposed Stewardship 
Census campaign for April. The first five 
hundred pastors registering represented 
some of the very largest churches in the 
denomination, these five hundred requests 
requiring an aggregate of ninety thousand 
copies of each of the leaflets and the pro- 
portionate givers blanks. The leaflets are 
enritled "Just a Minute," "An Indian's 
Question," "All Against the Grain," 
"Handicapped." 

Pastors who have not yet placed their 
order for these supplies can secure them in 
time for the greater part of the campaign 
by writing immediately to the Forward 
Movement, Ford Building, Boston. 

^ The Chinese Recorder says that on account 
of the plague the Christian Endeavor Con- 
vention in Peking this coming spring has 
been indefinitely postponed. All interests 
are being sadly affected by the terrible con- 
ditions, which are the more serious because 
of the superstition that has to be overcome 
before modem medical methods can be 
established. 



a;? 



MISSIONS 



The Missionaiy Spirit Indivisible 

BY REV. J. A. MAXWELL 

THERE is only one missionary spirit. 
Whether it be home or foreign missions 
it is ttie same spirit. Whatever division 
there may be in lerritoty, it is the same spirit 
which operates in all, when the true spirit of 
missions is at work. The difTerentiating 
terms, home and foreign, are no more meant 
actually to divide the kingdom of Christ, or 
the spirit working in it, than the equator is 
meant really to divide the earth. In reality 
there is no such thing as the equator. No 
person ever saw it. It is only an imaginary 
line used to facilitate our apprehension of 
the whole. That is all the service it has in 
geography. So the distinctive terms applied 
to missions fail of their service unless they 
facilitate only our work in and conception of 
the whole Kingdom. The person who be- 
lieves in home missions, but not in foreign, 
Of vice verse, does not have the real mission- 
ary spirit. The church or individual who 



hasn 



a disi: 



> many need help right : 



usually the church or individual to give the 
help at home in a very large measure. 
Neither distance nor nearness aflTects 

There is no such thing as get^nphy in the 
curriculum of love's study. The child a 
thousand miles from home is as dear to the 
mother as one nigh at hand. A ion at home 
and a son away from home do not divide a 
mother's heart. There is just one spirit of 
parental love. There is only one missionaiy 
spirit, and that is the Christian spirit. So, 
when we seek to cultivate the missionary 
spirit in the people, we can only do so accord- 
ing as we develop the spirit of Jesus Christ, 
the Christian spirit. People become mote 
missionary only as they become more Chris- 
tian. The problem of missionary enlarge- 
ment is the problem of spiritual devdop- 
ment. We get one only as far as we get die 
other. No missionaiy movement portends 
permanent good only as it is a cultivation of 
this one spirit. I do not believe that we can 
afford to cultivate these distinctions. Let 
I stay in the dictionary, but let us get 



then 



It of oi 



FROM THE 


FAR LANDS 


A MISSION WAR CRV 


IMPRESSIONS OF A NEW MISSIONARY 


In the Burma Convention this year em- 


The only work 1 have been able to do so 


phasis was laid upon soul-winning. Our 
slogans for the campaign are 100,000 living 
Christians and Rs. 100,000 (^33,000) for 
advance work before the century is com- 


far is with the boys in the school. I have 
been helping to drill them in singing, and 
find that they learn about as easily as our 
boys of the same age at home. We have 


pleted. - J. E. CuMM.NGS, D.D., Henzada, 
Burma. 


just closed our "week of prayer." The 
meetings were most helpful, missionaries 



MISSIONS 



279 



fiom all denominations joining in them. 
There seems to be a splendid spirit of co- 
opention and Christian love among them 
au.— *I«. C. Hylbert, Ningpo, East China. 

A MBMORIAL SERVICE FOR DR. CLOUGH 

The members of the First Baptist Church 
of Burlington, Iowa, of which Dr. Clough 
was a member from the day of his baptism, 
Fd>niaiy 11, 1857, to the day of his death, 
November 24, 1910, recently gathered to- 
gether to hold a beautiful and fitting service 
in memoiy of the great missionary. 

FOREIGN SOCIETY PROGRAM 

The Foreign Mission Society has made 
tentative arrangements for the program of 
its annual meeting on June 16, in connec- 
tion with the Northern Baptist Convention. 
Dr. Barbour will report his trip to India; 
a representative of the woman's societies 
will speak; selected representative mission- 
aries will occupy twenty minutes each, and 
all other missionaries present will be intro- 
duced. Rev. J. H. Franklin and Dr. 
Johnston Myers, members of the Africa 
Commission, will speak. A memorial 
address on Dr. Clough will be delivered. 
Owing to the fact that the sessions of the 
General Convenrion and Baptist World 
Alliance immediately follow those of the 
Northern Baptist Convention, the program 
of the Society must be crowded into a day. 

NELLORE CELEBRATES DIAMOND JUBILEE 

The American Baptist Telugu Mission of 
Nellore, South India, celebrated its Diamond 
Jubilee at its Conference in February. The 
dates of the Conference were from February 
I to February 8. Dr. Barbour and Dr. 
Anthony were present on this great occasion, 
and the program which has been received 
indicates meedngs of much interest. Febru- 
aiy 6 was appointed as Diamond Jubilee 
I^y, and Dr. Barbour was to lay the comer 
stone of the Coles-Ackerman Memorial, the 
new building for the boys' high school made 
possible by the generosity of Dr. J. Acker- 
man Coles and Miss Emilie Coles of New 
York City. Previous to this ceremony an 
address was to be delivered by Dr. Anthony 
in the American Baptist Mission High 
School hall. Rev. W. F. Armstrong of 
Rangoon and Dr. C. A. Nichols of Bassein 
were appointed delegates from Burma to 
diis Conference, while Rev. S. A. D. Boggs 



of Jorhat and Rev. G. G. Crozier, M.D., of 
Tura, represented Assam. 

MISS EMILY M. HANNA PASSES AWAY 

The missionary circle in Burma is mourn- 
ing the loss of Miss Emily M. Hanna, who 
passed away in Moulmein on February 15. 
The granddaughter of Dr. Adoniram Jud- 
son, her deepest desire was to serve the 
mission cause, and in 1898 she was sent to 
Burma by the Woman's Baptist Foreign 
Missionary Society to take up work in the 
Kemendine girls' school in Rangoon. In 
1905 she was transferred to the English girls' 
school at Moulmein, where she remained 
doing faithful and efficient service until her 
death. On January 26 Miss Hanna's 
mother, the youngest child of Dr. Adoniram 
Judson, died of heart failure. There are 
now thirteen living descendants of our first 
foreign missionary, three sons and nine 
grandchildren. 

FRENCH TO THE FORE 

The work of Dr. Mabie and myself in the 
preparatory school in Banza Manteke is 
supplemented by that of Mrs. Geil who has 
a select class in French and music. Both of 
these subjects are very popular. There is 
an all-pervasive desire among the people to 
know French. Many who do not know how 
to read and write in their own language are 
very anxious to study French. They think 
it can be learned easily and quickly. The 
schoolboys, however, are not enthusiastic 
supporters of that idea. Nevertheless, a 
school which does not teach or pretend to 
teach French is very unpopular. This 
arises from no governmental requirement, 
but from the natives themselves, who say 
that they see much shame because of their 
inability to speak and understand the 
French language. Then, too, it is a stepping- 
stone to paying positions. There is a big 
sale for books which are designed to assist 
natives in the study of French, and it is well 
that the people should know something of 
the language of the governing country. — 
John £. Geil, Banza Manteke, Africa. 

An Accident and Its Consequences 

We are here by* appointment to baptize 
the captain of a whaling ship. Do you 
expect to see a Gloucester whaler just home 
after an absence of three years during which 



28o 



MISSIONS 



it breasted the storms and weathered the 
gales of the most distant seas ? The modem 
Japanese whaler starts from harbor every 
morning in his swift little steamer. When 
he sights a whale he steams up near enough 
to shoot it with his cannon gun and then 
tows it to land, where the oil is tried out. 
This captain was laid up in a hospital two 
years ago, and was led to believe in Christ 
by the young student-nurse girl who cared 
for him. Unable to attend church he has 
read his Bible and regularly assembled his 
crew for Sunday devotional service, and has 
long desired baptism. We are on the dock 
awaiting his arrival. Finally a trim little 
steamer in spotless white paint comes 
swftly around the headland. Soon it nears 
the dock. The anchor drops, a boat is 
lowered, and a tall, bronzed man is rowed 
ashore. He has come one hundred miles 
and lost a day's time of steamer and crew 
to be baptized. After his examination we 
are rowed across the harbor to the river's 
mouth, and there before believers and all 
he testifies to his faith in Christ. It is good 
for us to be here and to see this man, whom 
others obey, surrender himself in humble 
obedience to his Saviour. May he carry the 
light of the Gospel far over the dark waters! 
— Henry Topping, Morioka, Japan. 

The Charm of the Unknown 

Travel in China has all the delights of the 
unknovm, it being one thing to start for a 
certain destination and an entirely different 
proposition how and when one will arrive 
there. Rev. and Mrs. W. F. Beaman had a 
typical experience of this uncertainty on 
their journey from Yachow to Ichang. 
Quoting Mr. Beaman: "The day we left 
Yachow just at dark when we were near the 
place where we expected to stop for the 
night our bamboo raft by which we were 
traveling ran on a reef amidstream in the 
middle of a bad rapid. It swung across 
stream and stuck fast. Rain was pouring 
down and the wind was blowing a gale. 
Being out of reach of help, we could do 
nothing but wait till daylight the next morn- 
ing. After hanging there on the rocks 
twelve hours, boats came and took us off 
with our goods." Their journey from 
Ichang to Hankow was also eventful. ''Our 
steamer ran aground on a sandbar at what 



is called 'Sunday Island,' and we spent one 
entire day twisting from side to side to wash 
out a channel under the steamer. Just 
before dark it floated from the sandbar. 
At this time of year when the water is going 
down in the river, steamers often go aground 
and stay there a week, a month and not in- 
frequently two, three or four months rill 
spring rains come and float them off." 

A Disastrous Storm 

On November ist the most destructive 
bagio of the year swept the Visayas, and the 
result in the Jaro district was the destruc- 
tion of eight chapels. Some can be repaired 
with but little expense, others must be 
entirely rebuilt. Coming, as this does, in 
the harvest time, it is a great hardship in 
one way, the scarcity of labor. In another 
way it is not so great a hardship as if the 
whole crops had been destroyed, a loss which 
occurred in other parts of the islands. No 
members lost their lives, although many 
lost homes and all their goods. Tlie Binga- 
wan church was the heaviest loser. Tlie 
chapel was demolished, and thirty-eight 
houses likewise. This being a mountain 
district, many had just finished harvesung, 
and the wind and rain carried away their 
produce with their houses. Theirs was the 
largest church and the most strategic 
position of the field. The day of the bagio 
I had started on a trip, not recognizing the 
weather warning. I left the train at Dueanas 
as the storm broke and remained housed 
there all day, barely getting home late at 
night. The trains were laid up for four 
days. The engineer of the train on which 
I had left home was killed in a wreck shortly 
after I left the train. I never experienced 
anything like the wind, and the rain was in 
torrents. — A. E. Bigelow, Jaro, P.I. 

Foreign Missionary Record 

ARRIVED 

MiM Clara E. Righter, from Rinhwa, China, at 
Bloomington, Delaware, January 13. 

SAILZD 

ReT. F. C. Briggs and Mrs. Briggs, March 8, from 
San Francisco, for Japan. 




MISSIONS 



281 



Who Wm Take His Place? 

After a long and gallant fight against 
increasing ill health Rev. Charles G. Lewis 
of Suifuy West China, passed away at the 
Victoria Nursing Home in Shanghai. He 
began missionary service under the auspices 
of the China Inland Mission in 1895, and 
since 1905 has been connected with the 
Foreign Mission Society. In his death the 
Society loses a consecrated and earnest 
missionary, whose work in West China has 
been to a rare degree successful and inspiring. 
The missionaries of our West China Mission 
feel sorely the loss of his strong and generous 
personality and his sympathetic, efficient 
service, and the Chinese among whom he 
labored mourn one who was ever ready to 
help and guide them amidst their troubles 
and perplexities. In the words of a fellow 
missiooaiy, *'Mr. Lewis showed constant 
patience in afl his relations with the Chinese. 
At Ae memorial iervice held at Suifu more 
than one spoke of his patience and kindli- 
ness. One said, * Pastor Lewis would sit 
for hours bearing all we had to say. Some- 
times his dinner bell would ring. Then he 
would say, ** Don't hurry. I will wait until 
you are diroug^/" The love so evident in 
his home was also given to the church — not 
merely an attempt to love, but a deep-rooted, 
genuine love manifesting itself in kindness, 
forbearance, forgiveness and faithful service. 
He not only taught Move one another/ he 
lived it. In his death our mission loses a 
wise counselor, an efficient worker, a tender 
and sympathetic pastor, and we as indi- 
viduals a loving and unselfish friend. He 
was not only tactful, but had the grace of 
God in his heart, being filled with the Spirit, 
bearing fruit in love, joy, peace, long- 
suffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 
meekness." Mrs. Lewis and her five chil- 
dren have returned to America and are 
living in Philadelphia. 

The loss of Mr. Lewis raises the question, 
who will take his place ? Mr. Beaman has 
been compelled to leave West China on 
account of ill health, who will fill his place ? 
And what of the places left vacant by the 
deaths of Dr. Clough and Dr. Stevens ? In 
rime of battle hundreds of brave men are 
ready to leap into the place of another who 
falls fighting. Is it to be said that the 
soldiers of Christ are less loyal and valiant ? 
Yet only four men are at present under 



appointment by the Foreign Mission Society 
for next fall. A few others are in sight, but 
not more than seven or eight all told. Strong 
men are needed — who will go ? 

Missionary Personals 

Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Stafford are now 
settled in Shanghai at No. 26 Range Road. 
This residence is in an easily accessible part 
of Shanghai, and Mr. Stafford through 
Missions cordially invites any Baptists 
touching at Shanghai in their travels to call 
and see him. He will gladly render any 
assistance possible, and will arrange for 
them to visit the nearer inland stations of 
the Mission, if so desired. 

The catalog of Shanghai Baptist College 
for 1 911 has recently come to hand. It it 
printed in both English and Chinese, is 
illustrated by appropriate photographs and 
presents an attractive appearance. Rev. 
J. T. Proctor, President of the College, has 
been forced on account of persistent ill health 
to advance the time of his furiough, and on 
January 21 he sailed for home via England. 
Rev. F. J. White will assume the dudes of 
acting-president of the College unul the end 
of the year. 

A transladon of the Gospels of Matthew 
Luke and John and the Book of Acts from 
the Greek text into Angami Naga has been 
recently received at the Foreign Mission 
Rooms. The Gospels of Matthew and John 
and the Book of Acts were translated in 
1903-04 by Dr. S. W. Rivenburg of Kohima, 
Assam, and the Gospel of Mark was trans- 
lated in 1910 by his daughter. Miss Narola 
E. Rivenburg, who spent two years with her 
father actively helping in the work of the 
station. Before her stay in Assam, Miss 
Rivenburg had completed her Freshman 
year at Bucknell University, and now, having 
returned to America, is continuing her 
college course at Vassar. 

W. A. Loops, M.D., and Mrs. Loops of 
Impur, Assam, have decided to locate in 
Austin, Colo. Dr. Loops reports that Mrs. 
Loops has made marked improvement in 
health. 

Rev. C. E. Petrick of Sibsagor, Assam, is 
spending his furlough in Berlin. During the 
last few months he has been carrying on a 
most successful tour among the Baptist 
churches of Hungary, Roumania and Bui- 



282 



MISSIONS 



garia. Everywhere he finds the people 
ready and anxious to listen. In a recent 
letter he writes, ''It seems that Baptist 
missions appeal more to the heart of the 
people in these countries than any other 
denominational work." 

Mr. J. L. Snyder, formerly of the American 
Baptist Mission Press, Rangoon, Burma, has 
been transferred to the Philippines to take 
charge of the Mission Press at Iloilo, and 
also to assume the duties of mission treasurer. 
Mr. Snyder expected to reach Iloilo about 
the eighth or tenth of February. Another 
properly qualified man is seriously needed 
at Rangoon in his place. 

The missionaries in the Philippines are 
rejoicing over the successful purchase of a 



chapel site in Jaro. The new chapel will 
mean much in increased scope of work for 
the station. Until the building is com- 
pleted, the Christians in Jaro will worship 
on the old property. 

Good news comes from Rev. A. Billing- 
ton and Mrs. Billington of Tshumbiri, 
Africa, who were compelled to leave their 
station on account of serious ill health. 
Upon reaching England, both were examined 
at the School of Tropical Medicines in 
London. Mrs. Billington, who had been 
suffering from sleeping-sickness, was pro- 
nounced free from all trace of the disease. 
After receiving further treatment at the 
school, Mr. and Mrs. Billington plan to 
visit Scotland, where their son is stud3ring 
medicine. 




FROM THE HOME LANDS 



A Denominational Loss 

The Baptists lose one of their able laymen 
in the death of William A. Grippin of 
Bridgeport, Conn., for some years a member 
of the Home Mission Board, and long-time 
supporter of the Connecdcut State Conven- 
don. He was the promoter of the mission 
in Bridgeport, which has now developed 
into a successful church, and built for it a 
good working plant, while always loyally 
suppordng the work in the First Church, 
which will sorely miss him. Head of the 
Bridgeport Malleable Iron Works and 
interested in many other business affairs, 
Mr. Grippin was one of the foremost citizens. 
He was a steady and generous giver to 
missions. His interesting life stoiy places 
him among the successful self-made business 
men of the country. His hospitable home 
in Bridgeport contained a "prophet's cham- 
ber," as many ministers and missionaries 
could testify. His death will be widely felt. 

Home Mission Post Cards 

Exceptionally pretty colored post cards, a 
set of six cards each, showing immigration 
scenes and manners and customs of the 
Navaho and Hopi Indians, can be obtained 



by sending to the Literature Department, 
American Baptist Home Mission Society, 
23 East 26th Street, New York, N.Y. The 
price of these sets postpaid is only fifteen 
cents, or twenty-five cents for two sets. They 
make not only attractive cards for genera! 
use, but charming gifts for Sunday-school 
scholars from teachers. 

An Oregon Revival 

Evangelist George W. Taylor reports from 
Ontario, Oregon: "We have just closed the 
greatest union meeting here in the history 
of this town, resulting in 437 professions, 
from a little child of four to an old soldier 
of seventy, from moral business men and 
society women to the drunkard and queen 
of the redlight and her girls, closing the 
resorts. The total membership of the 
churches will be more than doubled.*' 

Co-operative Work 

The St. Paul Baptist Union has secured 
as superintendent of city missions. Rev. 
A. E. Lagerstrom, formerly general worker 
among the Swedish Baptists of New England. 
He will devote a portion of his time to the 
pastorate of the Hebron Church, and the 
remainder to looking after mission interests 



MISSIONS 



283 



in the newer sections of the dty. His «> en- 
gagement is the result of cooperation between 
the City Union, the State Convention and 
the Home Mission Society. 

A Strong Worker Resigns 

We are sony to lose Dr. H. Russell Greaves 
from the service of the Home Mission Society 
in Southern California. In the work of the 
Convention he has been a moving power, and 
his influence has been widely felt. It is not 
strange that the pace of such a life should 
have told upon his strength. Whatever he 
may undertake, we are sure that Missions 
will have in him a warm friend. 

A Persecutor Transformed 

Rev. L. L. Zboray, general missionary to 
the Slavs and Hungarians in northeastern 
Pennsylvania, is rejoicing over the con- 
version of a Lithuanian, John Yesselszki by 
nimey who, having been injured in the mines, 
hat for the past two years been engaged as a 
home^o-house visitor of the Romish Church 
widi **lHAy water,'' etc. This man dll re- 
cently has been so abusive of Protestants 
"that we beg^ to fear him as much as the 
very Saun himself and have included him 
especially in our prayers for deliverance," 
sa3rs the missionary. Now, however, he has 
read the Bible for himself and has become a 
real Christian, and is proving an earnest 
worker in the Lord's vineyard. 

A Convention Bom in a Bam 

The South Dakou Bafiist Btdlitin is 
published quarterly by the State Conven- 
tion at Sioux Falls, Dr. S. P. Shaw, editor. 
It is well printed in clear type on thick 
paper which takes the ink of its numerous 
illustrations in fine shape. 

Already the Bapdsts of the State are lay- 
ing plans for the next meeting of their Con- 
vention, nHiich will be held in October at 
Madison, ^ere thirty )rears ago in " Baker's 
new bam" it was bom. The bam is now a 
part of the Chauuuqua Hotel on the shore 
of Lake Madison, and it is proposed that a 
large boulder bearing a bronze plate properly 
inscribed be set up on these beauriful grounds 
visited by thousands every year, and thus 
the memory of those early days be suitably 
perpetuated. Sioux Falls is a Bapdst strong- 
hold and the seat of Sioux Falls College, for 
which the denomination throughout the 
State hat much affection. 



A Russian Baptist Chnrch at the Golden 

Gate 

A Russian Bapdst Church planted at the 
Golden Gate, where so many Russian im- 
migrants are entering, is one of the promising 
developments of our work for newcomers in 
California. Dr. Burlingame of the First 
Church of San Francisco is alive to all needs 
and opportunities and a helper in all devel- 
opment of religious activides. He says the 
story of the formation of this new church it 
one of the brightest chapters in the histoiy 
of our Baptist work on the Coast. The mem- 
bers, a little company of fugitives and exiles 
from their native land, are remarkable for 
the simplicity of their faith, their apostolic 
zeal and fervor, their evangelistic passion 
and purpose. The pastor, Rev. Savly 
Kanakoff, was ordained on February 16, 
in the little frame building on Holy Hill, as 
the Russian priests call it. The council of 
churches of the San Francisco Assodadon 
was greatly pleased with the examinadon of 
the candidate, who is a man of mature years 
and has been a lay preacher many years. 
His testimony concerning his Chrisdan 
experience and call to the ministry was rich 
and convincing. He said that when eighteen 
he visited a Baptist Mission in his native 
city, and heard a celebrated evangelist preach 
on forgiveness of sins here on earth. He 
was convinced of the truth and became a 
Christian, but for a time was tormented by 
the question of water baptism. At last it 
was explained to his satisfaction and he 
became a Baptist. He gave himself atV>nce 
to acdve service, being convinced that a^be- 
liever is "not an idle slave before God, but 
should work for God." Asked if he intended 
to give his whole life entirely to preaching 
the gospel, he replied that if he had confi- 
dence only in himself he could not answer, 
but with the help of God he expeaed to 
preach the word of God all his life. Follow- 
ing his conversion, he said he always wanted 
to embrace the whole world and bring it to 
Christ. TTiis indicates his spirit. He will 
make a rare leader for the new church and 
movement. 

In the council to ordain a Russian minister 
were delegates from the Finnish and Chinese 
churches. When we consider how the 
Great Bear has placed one threatening paw 
upon Finland and another upon Manchuria 
in the spirit of ruthless conquest and absorp- 



sSi 



MISSIONS 



ion, we can better appreciate, as Dr. Bur- 
ingame says, the Christian fellowship that 
brings together for prayer and counsel Finn 
and Chinese along with Swede and German 
and American — all one in Christ and all 
rejoicing in the liberty wherewith Christ 
makes us free. 

Work in Washington 

Five years ago a Baptist church was 
organized at Elma, on the ruins of a former 
one that went down in the panic of 1893. 
Rev. Lemuel T. Root has been pastor three 
years and the Lord has greatly blessed his 
work. Lumbering is the chief industry of 
the place, and the frequent removals incident 
to occasional shut downs, ''to keep the 
market from being overstocked and the 
price of lumber up," works havoc with all 
organized acdvides. But these changes 
afford opportunity for successful evangelism. 
Thirty were baptized during one recent 
series of meetings and the church property 
is condnually being improved. 

A great revival swept over Arlington 
(Philip Graif, pastor) in the early fall, and 
its results are sdll being gathered in. But 
the financial problem is severe, for the 
church was in debt and the expenses con- 
nected with the revival, building a special 
tabernacle for it, etc., were very heavy. 
The neglect of a tax of f 1.68 several years 
ago, by a former owAer, resulted a few 
months since in the sale of the entire church 
property "unbeknownst" to the pastor and 
other officials, and a subsequent lawsuit 
and expense of over one hundred dollars to 
rescue it from the real-estate dealer who had 
bought at the auction. Let other churches 
beware of permitting the existence of the 
smallest flaw in their real-estate papers. 

Burlington, under the pastorate of Rev* 
Myron Cooley, has become self-supporting* 
Organized in a small town in 1907, it has 
now 104 members, a fine up-to-date house of 
worship and an influence that tells mightily 
for righteousness throughout Western Wash- 
ngton. 

At Hoquiam, the pastor, Rev. H. Fergu- 
ton, is having the assistance of Miss Swartz, 
a house-to-house evangelist, mighty in the 
scriptures, and Mr. and Mrs. Driver, in 
ubi c services. Hie field is difiicult, and 



living expenses are high on account of the 
distance from producers. But the pastor is 
enthusiastic and has mapped out the city 
(population, 7,000-8,000) into districts, each 
of which will have meetings and visitors 
every day. He has already held many street 
meetings, and will continue these together 
with others in the mills. 

South Tacoma, six miles from the heart of 
the city, is one of our most promising fields. 
The great Northern Pacific shops employ 
1,200 men, and there are several other im- 
portant industries. The pastor here. Rev. 
James A. Barton, holds noon meetings at 
the shops and is planning other work. The 
church is greatly hampered for room. The 
building will seat only 125 and the Sunday 
school numbers 135. Some money is already 
raised, two or three lots are owned and a 
suitable church edifice will soon be staned. 

Rev. Adam Fawcett, at Anacortes, like 
many others, finds the unsteady condition 
of labor a hindrance in organized work. 
Only two men in the church have remained 
resident throughout the year. But a large 
number are reached as they drift past, and 
the church is a center of wide influence. 
Another year will see it self-supporting, for 
it floats like a ship upon this ever restless 
human tide. 

Kennewick and Pasco, at the head of 
navigation from the sea and where railways 
from every direction converge to cross the 
Columbia River, look forward to great 
things. The Baptist church which is at 
Kennewick has forty-six members, largely 
settlers waiting for orchards to grow and 
other sources of wealth to materialize, and 
they need much present help. The Sunday 
school annex of their building has been put 
up and is filled to overflowing. Rev. C. R. 
Delphine, pastor, hopes to continue with the 
main part of the building at once, using the 
basement at first to accommodate the present 
overflow. If, as seems inevitable, the harbor 
of all the "Inland Empire" should be located 
here, the twin cities will number more than 
100,000 before many years have passed. 



fHr 



MISSIONS 



a85 



CHAPEL CAR AND COLPORTER 



A Hew District Secretary 
The appointment of Rev. Guy C. Lamson, 
panor of the Hyde Park Baptist Church, ac 
luccessor to Dr. Spalding in the Puhlication 
Society District Secretaiyship for New 
England is received with approval and 
pleasure by all who know the man. He 
Bcems especially adapted to this- form of 
service, hut for that matter, he is admirably 
adapted to the pastorate also, as the Hyde 
Park people, reluctant to part with him, can 
testify. He will bring to the new work an 
enthusiasm and adaptability and general 
ability that will enable him to meet the 
demands of a position which Dr. Spalding 
has made it difficult to fill. We shall give 
more extended notice when the new Secre- 
taiy enter* upon his task. He has been 
rendering a very efficient service recently 
in connection with "The World in Boston." 

Tb* PabUcattos Society in Hew Mexico 

BY a. O. BEYMOUR, D.D. 

Many eyes are fixed upon this interesting 
territoiy because of the battles of religious 
forces diere, and we fear many are thinking 
more about the battle than about the work 
of the Master and the progress of His king- 
dom. Peace sometimes comes through 
strife, but above the noise of battle we wish 
to sound the note of peace. The sound of 
even the hammer should not be heard in the 
erection of His spiritual temple who is the 
Prince of Peace, and whom the angels 
heralded with the song of "Peace on earth 
and to men good will." If we are intensely 
busy about preparing the way of the Lord, 
making strai^t his paths in the desert that 
men may receive and acclaim the King, we 
will have no dme to quarrel with the road- 
builders and die outriding messengers. 

Many year* and with much labor our sister 
Society, die Home Mission Society, had done 
pioneer work in this fertile field, and in 
answer to the appeal of the field workers of 
this Society the Publication Society sent 
into New Mexico a Sunday-school mission- 



I pioneer worker. The Society chose 
who was amply equipped for this 
in the person of Rev. J. L. Rupard, 
urian, a man who spent seven yean 
of mission work in Oklahoma. He knew 
by experience as well as culture what to do. 
Like all our Sunday-school missionaries he 
was an all-around man, full of zeal, and con- 
sumed with desire for the salvation of the 
people. From him came the pressure upon 
us at headquarters to do a larger work in 
New Mexico. We could not help but listen, 
and our heans went out in sympathy with 
the great need. We moved out on faith, 
and two workers were assigned to two 
associations. Then this work was laid upon 
the heart of one of ourbest and most generous 
laymen, M. C. Treat, who believes in this 
personal work in building up the Kingdom. 
The support of these pioneers was not only 
assured, but the Society was enabled to 
enlarge its work. More laborers were thrust 
fonh into the harvest, so that now in the 
State there are four thoroughly equipped 
wagons, two men without wagons, and a 
Sunday-school missionary, involving an 
expense in round numbers of $B,ooo per 
year. There is a large Mexican Spanish- 
speaking population. A man whose heart 
the Lord has touched, who knows how to 
reach this class of people and is full of zeal 
and tact, has been recently appointed by 
the Society to labor among them, and we 
have no doubt there will be rich returns in 
men and women saved from sin and from 
the superstition of Romanism. 

The facts of less than three years' work 
with some of the men are interesting and 
instructive: 6,1 13 families visited, 1,017 
Bibles distributed, 75,15? pages of tracts 
scattered, 1,522 sermons and addresses 
delivered, 2,620 books sold and given away, 
54 new Sunday schools planted, 164 insti- 
tutes held. 

Who can measure the influences upon the 
home, social and political life in this coming 
State of this kind of work f The founda- 
rions of all organized life must be moral. 



l86 



MISSIONS 



that only is permanent which is Christian. 
Tucumcari is notable indeed, and can never 
be forgotten by those who were in the Con- 
vention, but the Lord was in Tucumcari 
that day when with a procession in the 
streets and services in church and out of 
doors with a consciousness of God's guid- 
ing^hand we set apart these colponage 
wagons with their tnatched teams of btact 
horses, and these men consecrated to 
Christ's service. Who would hinder the 
victorious march of these chariots of salva- 
tion? Who would not hasten to support 
and multiply them i 



Practical Canuannity Bible-School Work 

BY BEV. J. H. GURLBY, KANSAS SUNDAY- 
SCHOOL MISSIONARY 

The writer had the pleaaure recently of 
spending some time with Rev. Ray E, York, 
pastor of the Argentine Church. Argentine 
is a city of some eight or ten thousand in- 
habitants, is situated south of the Kaw River, 
and now a corporate pait of Kansas City, 
Kans. The church has a membership of 
about two hundred. Tliey give full support 
to their pastor and find time and mcani 
to cultivate their entire field. They have 



Hugo Chapel 
About two years ago I visited a "little 
white Bchoolhouse in the mountains." In 
connection with my worL in that com- 
munity has been built the little chapel, of 
which I send you a picture, taken on dedi- 
cation day, June 26. This house was buik 
almost entirely by donated labor, a work 
of love and good-will. It is seated with 
nice, comfortable pews, and they have a 
new organ. There was cash in hand to 
pay all bills, and on dedication day, $yo 
was promptly subscribed to add further 
improvements to this little chapel. There 
is no organization in Hugo. The property 
is deeded to the trustees in the Merlin 
Baptist Church to hold in trust till such 
time as a Baprist church may be organized 
at Hugo. — fov. C. H. McKie. 



built a veiy neat chapel in the east part of 
the town, and have it comfortably seated 
and attractively arranged. In this building 
they condua Sunday school every Sunday 
afternoon, with an average attendance of 
from fifty to seventy-five. It is made the 
center of Christian activity and practical 

In the west part of town they have secured 
a very comfortable building that was used for 
some time for a union Sunday school, and at 
the same rime Sunday afternoons they con- 
duct Sunday school there, with about the 
same attendance and interest. The pastor 
told me they had another location selected 
in another part of town and at the ri^t time 
they propose to start still another work. 
T^e members of the church are very enthu- 
siastic in these activities, and are miizang 



MISSIONS 



J87 



rich mums, both in these outlying districts 
and in the central church. Theie are many 
otber fields where similar efforts will yield 
bige returns. By such methods the people 
b an enrire community may be reached, and 
Chrisuan people find place for practical 
Christian service, and are developed and 
strengthened themselTes. Mr. York is show- 
ing us what may be done in this line to evan- 
gelize a community. Take it up and pass it 
on, brethren. 

•!• 
Children's Day Program 
Children's Day, which the Sunday schools 
have kept in the interest of all missionaiy 
iforic of the Scxaety for eighteen years, will 
be cdebiated on the second Sunday in June. 
A bii|^ haexf program has been prepared 
by RcT. R. F. Y. Pierce, entitled "Serving 
n Sktc." The music is unusually good, and 
I helpful in every way. Part 



«r Aa I 



E hu been prepared by Tali 



Son OofpelTagoiia 

T^m new wagons have gone into Utah 

h **^'^ Two more are ordered and will 

ba mm imn Idaho and Eastern Washing- 

tia. Tha Danish brethren of Iowa are 

g with the Publication Society in 

D woric in Utah. 



Chapel Cars and Revivals 
Latest reports from the six chapel can 
indicate that the same victories are attend- 
ing the labors of the missionaries. The 
setting apart of one car for railroad work in 
connection with the Railroad Y.M.C.A. 
has proved a decided success. This car, 
"Messenger of Peace," in charge of Rev. 
Thomas R. Gale and wife, is to be a part 
of the great Boston Exposition. 



Many Converts 
Chapel car "Good-Will" ; 



t work 



Utah. Mr. Barkman and wife are holding 
daily evangelistic meetings, and they are 
greatly prospered. In connection with a 
meeting in the Rio Grande Mission, seven- 
teen presented themselves for membership. 
About one hundred have been converted, 
and there are many interested who are from 
the Rio Grande Railroad shops. 
* 
A Porto Ricaa Sunday School 
The Sunday schools in Porto Rico are 
growing larger and more interesting every 
year. One of the most prosperous of these 
among the Baptist churches is the school at 
Caguas where Missionary Humphrey lives. 
The attendance on February 19 last was 131, 
which is about the average now. 



MISSIONS 



"Ad AmvriCMi B[ld« In Porto Rico" 

The author, Marion BIythe, was the bn'de 
whose experiences she describet in a way lo 
natural and audaciously bright that the 
reader will say this is a kind of missionaiy 
book that compels reading. It also impds 
to a new interest in that charming island 
possession which has attracted the American 
missionaiy and "drummer" and capitalist, 
a!I of whom iind in it a field of operations. 
In the form of letters to the mother-in-law 
in California, the young missionary wife lets 
you into the highways and byways and daily 
life in the most informal and informing 
manner. There are touches that draw 
tears, and sentences that keep one laughing. 
Porto Rico is made to seem familiar and the 
missionary's life tremendously worth while, 
and that is very much for a book to do. It 
IS full of bright passages for the missionaiy 
circle or program. The one thing it does 
not contain is a dull page. (Fleming H. 
Revell Co. $t net.) 



"A Key 



You*. 



the Hew Testament" 

not read far in this httle volume 
letters, comprising a correspond- 
ence course with men who had not received 
a theological training but were engaged in 
Christian teaching of some sort, before dis- 
covering that the pages are full of meat. 
Many a much larger "key" unlocks much 
less Scripture. Dr. A. S. Hobart, Professor 
of New Testament at Crozer, is conspicuous 
for terse statement and common sense, also 
for getting at the gist of a thing. If our 
Baptist Laymen's Movement could inspire 
our laymen not only to take a deep and true 
interest in missions, but also to study a little 
book like this, we should develop a new type 
of Christianity in our churches. This is a 



book for a pastor to give to young men; good 
also to make the basis dT prayer-meeting 
thought. Nor is there any reason why we 
may not say that paston themselves would 
be greatly benefited and helped by its care- 
ful perusal. (Griffith & Rowland Press. 
Cloth, 176 pp. with index, 40 cents.) 

"Doctor Apricot" 

Books on medical mission work are noi 
over- numerous, and this brightly written 
story by Kingston De Gruchi it etpecially 
welcome among the number. It describes 
the work and growth of the Medical Mission 
in Hang-chow (Heaven-below) carried on by 
the English Church Missionaiy Society. 
This finely developed work, which began 
with an Opium Refuge, now includes a 
hospital and many branch institutions, 
among them a leper refuge for men and 
another for women. The Cheer Up Society 
which Doctor Apricot started, with its motto, 
"Keep Smiling," has been of great aid in the 
healing process. The style holds the interest 
throughout, and few books tend so strongly 
to impress the value of medical missions as 
a method of evangelization. We shall have 
occasion to quote some of its sketches later. 
(Fleming H. Revell Co. $1 net.) 
"Script and Print" 

This practical primer for use in the prep- 
aration of manuscript and print, prepared 
by Dr. Philip L. Jones, book editor of the 
Publication Society, is a capital twenty-live 
cent investment for people in general and 
young people in particular. It is full of 
points, punctuation and otherwise. The 
writer admits that in punctuation and capi- 
talizing, as in style, there are diversities of 
taste and permissible variations. He gives 
the rules gradually established by his house. 



MISSIONS 



289 



One dung it cotain, that the reader cannot 
&il to kam something, and something worth 
knoipitt^ whether one is a regular writer or 
noc (Griffith & Rowland Press. 25 cents.) 

A Strong Book Honored 

Dr. E. P. Tenney's "Contrasts in Social 
Progrett,*' a hook of unusual merit and im- 
poitniiGey has been translated with some 
adaptations and published by the Christian 
Lkoature Society for China, after first ap 
pearing in serial form in a magazine which 
circulates among the leading officials and 
gentry of the empire. Dr. Timothy Richard 
speaks of it as a most timely and important 
help to China in its present crisis, and ex- 
presses the hope that it is being translated 
into the languages of Asia and Africa, as well 
as into the leading languages of the world. 

The Hegro In Literature and Art 

BY REV. W. G. HUBBARD 

THE author of this unpretentious volume. 
Prof. Benjamin Griffith Brawley, is 
himself a Negro^ and was bom in Columbia, 
S.C April 22, 1882. His father early en- 
joyed the advantages that South Carolina 
even before the war permitted to Negroes, 
and gained a thorough education which cul- 
minated in his graduation from Bucknell 
University. Since then he has always been a 
teacher and naturally the guide and inspirer 
of his talented son, who was educated in the 
public schools of Nashville, Tenn., and 
Petersbuig, Va., and at Atlanta Baptist 
Cdlege, where he was graduated a B.A. at 
nineteen. After teaching a year in the public 
sdiools of Florida he was called back to 
Atlanta, where he was steadily advanced in 
his chosen department of English language 
and literature, till he succeeded in making 
it a distinct diair. Meanwhile he received 
from Chicago University the degree of Bache- 
lor of Arts eum laude^ and after a year's 
residence the degree of Master of Arts at 
Harvard. A competent judge declares that 
"this young man has, during the past eight 
years, done probably more than any other 
man in any institution of the South for the 
teadiing of English in the Negro academy 
and the Negro college." 

In this little book of sixty pages Mr. 
BiBvri^ has attempted a serious estimate of 
the contribution of his race thus far to ait 



and literature. His standards are high, his 
method discriminating, his material drawn 
from padent and extended search. The first 
chapter treats of Folk-Lore and Folk-Music 
among the Negroes. He points out that the 
typical Negro Folk-Music differs from the 
English and Scottish popular ballads in de- 
pending for its merit much more largely upon 
its tunes, the words often lacking in narrative 
interest. He deprecates the debasement of 
so-called Negro music in "coon songs" 
written by white folks, and hopes the new 
edition of genuine Negro melodies recently 
published by the Hampton Institute Press 
will help correct the too common conception 
and re-establish the true ideal. 

The next five chapters deal with a single 
writer each — Phillis Wheatley, Paul Law- 
rence Dunbar, Charies W. Chesnutt, W. E. 
Burghart Du Bois, and William Stanley 
Braithwaite. He does not ask favor for his 
race as compared with others. Chesnutt he 
characterizes as "the foremost novelist and 
short story writer of the race," and devotes 
to him the longest chapter m the volume. 
Dr. Bu Bois (A.B., Fisk University; A.B., 
A.M. and Ph.D., Harvard; student at the 
University of Beriin and Professor in Adanta 
University) is credited with producing 
"unquestionably the most imporunt work 
in classic English yet written by a Negro," 
namely, "The Souls of Black Folks," a 
volume of essays, most of which had sepa- 
rately appeared in the Atlantic Monthly and 
the World's Work. He calls Braithwaite 
"the foremost of the poets of the race," but 
laments that the poet has failed to identify 
himself with his own people and to voice 
their strivings. The remainder of the book 
covers a field outside his distinctive depart- 
ment, and is therefore historical rather than 
critical in its general tendency. Actors, 
orators, readers, painters, sculptors, singers 
and musicians are in turn presented with 
brief remark. As might be expected, the 
musical celebrities of tibe race are given the 
largest amount of attention. Of Mr. Booker 
Washington he says that he is "by general 
consent one of the first, perhaps the very 
first, of contemporary American orators." 
A list of some thirty volumes of Negro- 
American literature, costing about thirty 
dollars, completes the book. Mr. Brawley 
is evidently familiar with the best thought of 
his own and other times. He has lately be- 



290 



MISSIONS 



come head of the Department of English at 
Howard University (Washington), but not 
divorced from the common life of the people 
he loves. In a letter to a friend concerning 
the recent appointment he says: "My work 
goes well and I seem to be finding a place in 
the hearts of the young people here. I want 
to answer you, however, that I can never 
cease to be interested in the work of the 
Home Mission schools. I think daily of the 
men and women toiling in the cotton; and of 
the problem, as it appears in all its hideous- 
ness." To the solution of that problem, in 
some of its relations, the data contained in 
this little volume form a valuable and 
posirive contribution, showing, as they do, 
the present actual attainments of individual 
Negroes in the several departments therein 
discussed. 

Missions in the Magazines 

THE series on the West in the East from 
an American point of view is continued 
in ScrihnerSy the current paper considering 
the problem of religion and caste in India. 
The writer gives vivid glimpses of the life of 
the people under the ever-present burden of 
religion and caste, his purpose being to 
show "how ludicrous is the ideal of self- 
government for a people so unhomogeneous 
and how calamitous will be the result of 
going too fast in granring legislative privi- 
leges." "A Quest in the Himalayas" 
(Harper's), "Shopping in India," which is a 
pleasant account of diverse days in the 
bazars and fascinadng little shops of Ran- 
goon, Darjeeling, Benares and other well- 
known places in Burma and India (Black- 
wood's for February), and "Notes on Oman," 
by Rev. S. M. Zwemer in the National 
Geographic Magazine for January, together 
with " Damascus, the Pearl of the Desert," 
in the same issue, are all pleasing, well- 
written, descriptive articles on various parts 
of the East, while the Imperial Asiatic 
Quarterly Review discusses various questions 
and problems peculiar to the Orient. 

The Sunset Magazine for March contains 
"The Coming of the Prophet," an exasperat- 
ing story recounting how Quan Quock Ming, 
who departed from China "without a copper 
cash, without womenfolk, without ancestry 
and altogether unknown," arrived in the 
land of the fan quai (foreign devils) blessed 



with more than a thousand taels of silver, 
a young wife, three hundred ancestors and 
a great reputation for piety and wisdom. 
The World's Work in "A Museum of Living 
Trees" publishes an interesting account of 
the work and travels of those who explore 
in Western China and Tibet in the interests 
of the Arnold Arboretum. Well considered 
and valuable is the article in the Century, 
by Edward A. Ross, Professor of Sociology 
in the University of Wisconsin, on the subject 
of "Christianity in China." It might well 
be summed up as a sympathetic and clear- 
sighted interpretation of the missionary, his 
work and ideals. "The missionaries realize 
that their part is to man the needed colleges 
and theological schools and to supervise the 
work in the field while the actual evangeli- 
zation of China is to be carried on by the 
trained natives. A silent, secret permeation 
of the religions of the Far East by the ideals 
and standards of Christianity is inevitable, 
and if eventually they prove capable of 
making a stand against the invader, it will 
be owing to their heavy borrowings from it." 

Africa occupies many pages of interest. 
The National Geographic Magaxine con- 
tains two articles widely divergent yet both 
acceptable to the many-sided reader: the 
first, "Wild Man and Wild Beast in Africa," 
by Theodore Roosevelt; the second, "Dum- 
boy, the National Dish of Liberia." The 
principal ingredient of this dish is cassava; 
the concoction of the delicacy requires 
judgment, patience and, above all, strength; 
the eating of the finished product requires 
heroism, praaice and no Fletcherizing, as 
"dumboy" once given a hold in the mouth 
is thereafter undetachable. To impress this 
upon the reader, the writer mentions casually 
that when dried "dumboy" is a favorite 
kind of shot for use in the natives' long 
muzzle-loading guns, and is also popular as 
a casing to stiffen leather sheaths of swords 
and knives. Blackwood's and Scribners 
both contribute a story of African missions. 
In the former magazine we find "The Silent 
Ones," a stirring account of the quick-witted 
heroism of a French priest in West Africa; 
in the latter, "Vain Oblations," a painful 
portrayal of the brave self-sacrifice of a 
New England girl in a situation inconceiv- 
ably merciless. 

"Women of All Nations," National 
Geographic Magazine, is abstracted from a 



MISSIONS 



291 



book of the same title recently published by 
Cassell Be Co., and if these few pages are 
true earnest of the book as a whole, it is 
well worth reading. In the New England 
Magazine appears "A Masquerade of 
Menus/' which gives the prospective touritt 
an idea of what awaits him in the hotel line 
from Yokohama to Bombay. 

In "The Wooing of Addie Swisher," a 
simple-minded and charming Mennonite 
girl who would not marry until she could 
"better herself," the Century continues its 
stories of the Pennsylvania Dutch, and in 
"The Bom Trader," who proves to his in- 
experienced teacher that sharp bargains and 
ostentatious piety are compatible, adds 
another to its series of sketches of the Ken- 
tucky Mountains. MeClure's offers a 
touching story of Syrian immigrant life in 
"The Tooth of Antar," in which the blue 
beads that keep off the evil eye figure 
prominently. 

March fForliTs Work begins "Down to 
the Slum," the story of an American family 
forced from hopeful respectability by poverty 
and its remorseless accessories to hopeless 
degradadon, the result of a lost job. The 
incidents related are sadly typical and 
persistently haunting. 

The magazine number of the Outlook 
for March contains the second installment 
of "Through the Mill," a story of the life 
of a mill boy, which is "an autobiography 
in the fullest sense." Four more install- 
ments are to appear; and if they are equal 
in interest to these first two they will form a 
valuable contribudon to the literature of 
the immigrant child in the United States. 
The February Outlook had a well-illustrated 
ardde on "Our Two New States," Arizona 
and New Mexico, where some of our most 
faithful and important missionaries are 
laboring. The picture of "The Oldest 
House in the United States (1520) Santa 
F^" significandy suggests the wonderful 
energy and capacity of beneficent dominion 
resident in the Pilgrim type of Chrisdanity 
which was brought to Plymouth, Mass., a 
hundred years later, and is now conquering 
diose western regions for Christ. 

McClure*! condnues its series of articles 
on the working girls' budget. This number 
takes up the women laundry workers in 
New York. The research work of the two 
audion Aows a deep and painful need of 



bettered condition among the laundries of 
New York. 

Good Missionary Reading 

Pioneering among the Kachins is the title 
of a revised booklet that has just come from 
the Foreign Mission Society's literature 
department. The story told by Missionary 
W. H. Roberts is close to the ideal. It will 
be read through by those who begin it. 

Our Duty to Mexico 

THE Pacific Monthly for February con- 
tains an article by John Kenneth 
Turner, presenting a vivid picture of do- 
mestic, social and political life in Mexico, as 
developed under the policy of President 
Diaz for the past thirty-four years, which 
may be summed up in its last sentence, 
"He is not a statesman, but a soldier, who 
lived three centuries too late." On the 
other side, the Sunset magazine of the same 
date has an ardde by Herman Whitaker, 
defending, or at least excusing. President 
Diaz for what he has done, or failed to do, 
during his long and difficult administra« 
tion. Recent revoludonary developments 
indicate the elements he has to deal with. 

Whatever view we may take concerning 
the personality and influence of this aged, 
energedc ruler, one thing is certain, Mexico 
is feeling throughout its entire extent the 
fast increasing pulsations of the condnually 
inflowing current of modem life from its 
northern neighbor, the United States. And 
it rests with the Christian people of our land 
to make suitable provision that this current 
shall contain, as one of its most evident and 
powerful forces, the purifying and uplifdng 
influence of the gospel. The oppressed need 
Jesus as their consoladon and their hope, 
and the free need Jesus as the only sufficient 
guide of their newly acquired liberty. The 
rapidity with which that belated nation is 
likely to pass through a series of changes 
that took many generadons in the more 
highly civilized countries of today is a 
powerful argument in favor of immediate 
and vigorous acdon on the part of American 
Chrisdans of every name. Thus far the 
American influence has been altogether 
too largely the reverse of religious and 
uplifting. There has been too much com- 
mercialism and too litde Christianity. 



a92 



MISSIONS 



Financial Statements of the Societies 



American Baptist Foreign Mission Society 

Financial StaCemant for tlavan montfaa* andinc Fabniary 28, 1911 



Sonrca of Inooma 

Churches, Young Paopla'a Sodatiaa and Sunday 
Schoola (apportioned to cfaurchas) .... 

Individuals (estimatad) 

Legacies. Income of Funds. Annuity Bonds. 
Specific Gifts, etc. (estimated) 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 
Convention 



Budget for 
1910-1911 

$563,465.00 
175.000.00 

104.527.00 



$032,082.00 



Reosiptsfor 
Seven Months 

$188,818.06 
48.385.40 

142,709.89 



$379,973.44 



Conparison of Raealpts wltii those of Last Tear 
Fbst eleven months of Financial Tear 



Balance 
Required by 
Mar. 31. 1911 



^^ Soorea of Ineome 
Churdies. Young People's Societies and Sunday 
Schools 



1910 



Individuals 

Legacies. Income of Funds, Annuity Bonds, 
Specific Gifts, etc 



\ 



•$178,834.65 
128.981.53 



1911 
$188,818.06 
48,385.49 
142.769.89 



$907,816.18 $379,973.44 



Increase 

$58,368.90 

13.788.36 
$72,157.26 



$374,636.94 
126.614.51 

61.757.11 



$663,008.66 



Decreaie 



* Previous to 1910 the receipts from individuals were not reported separately from those from churches. 
young people's societies and S\mday schools. A small amount of specific gifts is included in this figure. 



The American Baptist Home Mission Society 

Financial Statement for eleven months, ending February 28, 1911 



Source of Ineome 

Churches, Sunday Schoola and Young People's 
Societies (apportioned to churches) . . . 

Individuals (esthnated) 

Legacies. Income, etc. (estimated) 



Budget for 
1910-1911 

$382,276.42 
125,000.00 
168.792.00 

$666,068.42 



Receipts for 
Eleven montiis 

$123,243.60 

11.998.24 

168,430.67 



$293,672.61 



Comparison of RecdpCs with those of Last Tear 
for eleven months of Fiscal Tear 



Balance 
Required by 
Mar. 31, 1911 

$269,082.82 

113.001.76 

361.33 



Source of Income 

(lurches. Sunday Schools and Young People's 

Societies 

Individuals 

Legacies, Annuity Bonds, Income, etc 



1909-1910 

$110,481.36 

20.161.73 

164.647.69 



1910-1911 

$123,243.60 

11,998.24 

158.430.67 



Increase 

$12,762.24 
' 3.782.98 



$372,395.91 



Decrease 



$8,163.49 



$286,290.78 $293,672.61 



$16,545.22 $8,163.49 



American Baptist Publication Society 

Financial Statement for eleven months, ending February 28, 1911 



Source of Income 

C^ixrches. Young People's Societies and Sunday 
Schools (apportioned to churches) .... 

Individuals (estimated) 

Legacies, Income of Funds. Annuity Bonds 
(estimated) 

Total Budget as approved by Northern Baptist 

Convention 

Excess of Individual (^Uections 



Budget for 



igc 
10- 



1910-1911 

$104,189.00 
10.000.00 

61.404.00 



$166,693.00 



Receipts for 
Eleven months 

$63,973.42 
11.763.90 

39.996.76 



$116,734.07 



Comparison of Receipts with those of Last Tear 
First eleven months of Financial Tear 



Balance 
Required by 
Mar. 31,1911 

$40,216.68 
11.407.25 



$61,622.83 
1.763.90 

$49,868.93 



Source of Income 

(lurches. Young People's Societies and Sunday 
Schools 

Individuals 

Legacies. Income of Funds. Annuity Bonds, 
Specific Gifts, etc 



1909-1910 

$63,328.61 
4.483.70 

35.467.92 



1910-1911 

$63,973.42 
11,763.90 

39,996.75 



$103,280.13 $115,734.07 



Increase 

$644.91 
7.280.20 

4.528.83 

$12,458.94 



Decrease 



The Search 



^^WO tTBTellera met One leld, "Where ert thou bound, mj friend? 
* I leek, myself, the light that ahlnei not on the Und nor ha. 
I know not when nor where will be my Joumey'B end, 

Bat yet one thing ii nire, I know th^t light will shine for me." 

The other spoke mnd smiled, "I, too, that light hare sought, 
But on my way so many sorrowful have needed me, 

So many tick and irithout hope have clung, that aught 

I had I gave of hope, of time, of cheer, of strength. Tou see 

That took up all my years and now I am grown old. 
Thsre li no longer time for me to search. Success to theel 

I mtwt go back once more lest their new joy wax cold." 

"VareweU." He amllad and held tiie other with his gaze. 
When, suddenly, the yonnger's eyes oped wonder-wide. 
"0 Friend," he gasped, "my friend," and trembled In amaie, 
While some strange, wondrous {vesence filled the place, 
"0 friend, my friend, the light is ■tilwing on your face." 

— Dwothy King. 



The Bible a Binding Tie 

fpHAT was B worUiy and noble mesMge which President Taft sent to the great meet- 
fall which marked the Tercentenary Commemoration of the English Bible in 
Loiid4m. The Praaident has an unumiall; happy way of saying the significant thing in 
Tf™plt| tana) straightforward speech. Hia message was presented in person by Am- 
liawiiliM Kakl, iriioae worda were equally forcible and admirable. There is no perfunctory 
note la IUm nppndation of the Book that is, ai General Grant expressed it, "the sheet 
anchor of oar mMrttaa." 

TUb BlUa mMHge and Qie peace message that fittingly supplements it constitute two 
of the most dbctlTa and <ii<liiMit<«l utterances ever made by the head of a great nation, 

□ooaaaoaDDDaaaaoaaaoaDOD 

President Taft's Bible Message 

TT aflorda m* rary great pleaauie to present through Mr. Keid my congratulations to 
Minan who fai the mother country are commemorating so signal and historic an event as 
a of Oie King James Version of the English Bible. This Book of books has 
1 supreme In England for three centuries, but has bound together, as 
nottdac daa conU, two great Anglo-Saxon nations, one in blood, in speech and in common 
reSiJotu Ute. Oor law*, our literature and our social life owe whatever excellence they 
IinMiiM laiialj to the Influence of this, our chief classic, acknowledged as such equally 
on both ridea of the sea. Americans must, therefore, with unfeigned satisfaction, join 
in Quutkiclftng to the Ood of the Bible, Who has thus bound together the Old and the 
Vew Worlds by so precious a tie. I can speak, I am sure, for my fellow countrymen in 
Ti h nin itTh i ti''l yoa on so significant a commemoration. 

— William H. Taft 



296 



MISSIONS 



PASSING EVENTS 

RARELY are we permitted to realize 
that wc are passing through 
epochal periods. If the peace pact now 
being negotiated between Great Britain 
and the United States shall be ratified 
by the two great nations, it will be the 
longest stride towards universal peace 
that the world has seen. Its significance 
cannot easily be appreciated. It would 
mark the beginning of the actual realiza- 
tion of what has been regarded as the 
dream of the idealist visionary belong- 
ing to the millennium rather than to this 
militam age. Were such a treaty made, 
the other nations would of necessity fall 
into line. France, indeed, no sooner 
heard of the proposals, than she ex- 
pressed her desire to become party to 
a similar agreement. Germany is most 
wedded to militarism, but she could 
hardly stand aloof, even should Russia 
go with her. The Far East would 
welcome the move. Japan, already in 
alliance with Great Britain, has signified 
her readiness to make any change re- 
quired in order to permit the proposed 
treaty with this country. China would 
be saved the cost of developing a great 
army. Italy, Spain and Austria-Hun- 
gary could reap only benefit from the 
assurance ot international justice and 
universal arbitration. 
n 
How the Movement Started 

President Taft has the credit of origi- 
nating this peace proposal which has 
swept over the nations. At the dinner 



of the American Society for the Judicial 
Settlement of International Disputes, 
December 17 last, in an address that 
will link his name with his country and 
rime, the President said: "If we can 
negotiate and put through a posirive 
agreement with some other nation 10 
abide by the adjudication of an inter- 
national arbitral court in every issue 
which cannot be settled by negotiations, 
no matter what it involves, whether 
honor, territory or money, we shall have 
made a long step forward by demon- 
strating that it is possible for two nations 
at least to establish between them the 
same system of due process of law that 
exists between individuals under a 
government." The present treaty ex- 
cepts questions relating to the national 
honor, vital interests, and the rights of 
third countries. This was an appar- 
ently simple proposition, but fairly 
audacious considered in the light of 
diplomacy and history. 



ived I 



A Stirring Response 

the President's ad- 
special attenticm at 
the time. It was Sir Edward Grey, 
British Foreign Minister, who gave it 
world significance. Beginning a speech 
on March 13, in the House of Commons, 
he said; "Twice within the past twelve 
months the President of the United 
States has sketched out a step in advance 
more momentous than any one thing 
that any statesman in his position has 
ventured to say before." He added. 



S"^=«( i 



MISSIONS 



297 



"We should be delighted to receive 
such a proposal." Then the world 
began to take notice. The Opposition 
parr^ gsive its cordial assent, and the 
English people have held a number of 
great demonstrations in favor of such a 
treaty. The most influential papers 
have supported Sir Edward Grey. The 
peace lovers in the United States have 
also made their voices heard. Am- 
bassador Bryce, peculiarly fitted for 
such a task, and Secretary Knox are at 
work upon the treaty. The only note 
of dissent of moment has come from the 
German chancellor, but he is not sup- 
ported by the bulk of German opinion. 
The question of importance to us is the 
position of the Senate, which has to 
ratify treaties. The people should leave 
the Senate in no doubt as to their wishes 
in the matter. Why not try a referen- 
dum on popular initiative ? . What an 
object lesson it would be if the two 
great English-speaking nations should 
cement the bonds of permanent peace 
and cast their united weight for universal 
arbitration and vanishing armaments! 

m 

Peace and Missions 

What would this new movement 
mean for the progress of missions ? 
Much every way. It would be the move- 
ment of the Christian nations, to begin 
with. It would establish a new reign of 
equity and brotherhood among the 
peoples of the earth. It would secure 
the nations in their rights, and do away 
with the fear of land-grabbing that has 
been not only an irHtant and breeder of 
suspicion, but a provoker of open resent- 
ment and rebellion. The missionary's 
task would be vastly easier when he did 
not have such questions thrust at him 
as to explain how a nation that professes 
to follow the Prince of Peace should 
spend thousands of millions in keeping 
itself armed to the teeth, and pay far 
more attention to its fighting trim than 
to its church life and righteous character. 
Money that now goes in taxes to main- 



tain oppressive armaments would be 
released for human betterment, and 
the conditions in the home base would 
brighten immeasurably the mission out- 
look. There is no question that the 
peace cause has made a tremendous 
forward leap — so great that we have 
not as yet begun to realize its scope and 

content. 

ffl 

Spain Still Determined 

The Vatican power has left no stone 
unturned to secure the retirement of 
Premier Canalejas from power, and at 
the end of March his ministry was de- 
feated and resigned. If this was a 
victory for Rome it was short-lived, for 
the King entrusted Senor Canalejas 
with the formation of a new ministry. 
Instead of being weakened, the Premier 
was strengthened by this move of his 
enemies, for now he has a cabinet made 
up of his staunch supporters, while 
before he had only a partial support for 
his measures in behalf of the freedom 
of the State. Too much credit cannot 
be given King Alfonso, who has not 
flinched or faltered in the face of most 
formidable opposition; nor to his Prem- 
ier, who has shown forbearance and 
tact while sturdily maintaining his 
ground as to the independence of the 
State from Church control or inter- 
ference, and the religious liberty of the 
people. 

BB 
China's New Military Regime 

While the great nations of the West 
are talking peace, China issues an 
imperial edict assuming for the infant 
emperor supreme command of the 
army and for the prince regent the 
office of generalissimo. The meaning 
of this is that China has determined to 
raise the standing of military men and 
begin the construction of an army on a 
scale hitherto unthought of. The 
soldier in China has been a despised pro- 
fessional, now he is to be raised to 
highest social rank as in Germany. 



298 



MISSIONS 



The new military program is of great 
significance. Russia's aggressions are in 
part responsible, but the lesson has 
been learned largely from Japan. How 
the peaceable Chinese people will take 
to the new regime remains to be seen. 
\ nation can no more be militarized 
than it can be civilized in a day. 

BB 

The Mexican Situation 

It turns out that President Taft acted 
u|H>n inside information when he de- 
vivlvd to institute army maneuvres on 
the Mexican border line. The develop- 
lucntit have shown that the revolution 
%v<iH much more serious and widespread 
th<iu the public was allowed to know, so 
lat MM Mexican news sources were con- 
vvinrd. So serious indeed, did the 
muiiilion become that President Diaz 
iiiiviiird the resignation of his entire 
\4binrt, and has promised to grant 
in«iny reforms demanded, including the 
m»n-rf-cIection of the president. Vice- 
I'lrNident Corral, who was slated to 
hui-i'<*rd Diaz, refused to resign his 
utru'c^i but has asked for a leave of 
MliNrnce from the country. The revolu- 
lioniiiti demand the resignation and re- 
III rinent of President Diaz. Meanwhile 
I hi) presence of our troops in close proxi- 
iitiry has undoubtedly made the situation 
of the Americans in Mexico safer, and 
aUo prevented the border smuggling 
itnd unlawful outbreaks which usually 
mark such uprisings. What the effect 
(if the present conditions and the arous- 
ing of Mexican resentment against 
Americans will be upon our missionary 
operations cannot now be told. It 
krrms certain, however, that the iron 
rule that has so long kept Mexico quiet 
liur increasingly resentful must come to 
iin end. What will follow only time can 
reveal, but those best informed do not 
predict ruin if the Mexican people are 

Siven real liberty and opportunity for 
evelopment in self-government. The 
progress of democracy in Mexico would 
naturally mean the prosperity of the 



Protestant mission work. The one 
thing which the Mexican type of Ro- 
manism cannot stand is freedom and 
enlightenment. But there must be a 
vigorous and greatly enlarged work to 
save the country from religious indifFer- 
entism. 

BB 

The Women's Jubilee 

With the great meetings in New York, 
the Jubilee Missionary Campaign of 
the Women's Boards came to an end 
for the present. Miss Ellis on another 
page gives an account of the meetings of 
the past month. Mrs. Peabody and 
Mrs. Montgomery have carried off the 
honors of the campaign, and the 
addresses by the latter have placed her 
among the foremost women speakers 
of the country. The women have made 
their cause widely known, have im- 
pressed thousands of women formerly 
disinterested in missions, have secured 
pledges to the Jubilee Fund amounting 
to nearly nine hundred thousand dollars 
of the million proposed, and have 
materially advanced the cause of mis- 
sions. In all of which we rejoice with 

them. 

n 

Italy's Jubilee 

Italy has been celebrating with great 
rejoicing the fiftieth anniversary of the 
crowning of Victor Emanuel as king, 
and the beginning of a United Italy. 
The great work of Mazzini, Garibaldi 
and Cavour was accomplished. The 
latter, one of the foremost statesmen of 
history, died with the words on his lips 
which had been his ideal for a new 
Italy, **A free church in a free state." 
That was the realized ideal that put 
Italy into the line of modem nations. 
It was not until 1870, however, that the 
King entered Rome and established the 
capital of the nation there, thus bring- 
ing to an end the Papal State and tem- 
poral power of the pope. This has 
never been forgiven, and the pope has 
regarded himself as a prisoner in the 



MISSIONS 



299 




Vatican, although given a princely in- 
come by the government he refuses to 
recognize. The more loyal adherents 
of the papacy did not share in the 
general jubilation, but the Italian people 
as a whole recognize the blessings of 
a united country, and also of the religious 
liberty that now obtains. 

® 

Under the Debt Burden 

£ hoped that it would 
be many years before 
our Missionary Societies 
should again find them- 
selves burdened with a 
debt. There are people 
who argue that a debt 
is a good thing and not an evil, because 
it inspires the churches to extra effort 
and keeps the necessities of the situation 
vividly before them. But we have not 
belonged to that philosophical class. 
We believe, rather, that the denomina- 
tion likes to be on a paying basis, and 
paying as it goes along; that there has 
been a sense of great satisfaction in the 
freedom from debt during the past two 
years; and that debt is always depressing 
rather than stimulating. 

We realize, at the same time, that in 
the conduct of our missionary enter- 
prises and in the present uncertain state 
of church benevolences, it is impossible 
for the Societies to carry on their work 
without the liability of a debt. The 
budget may be made out never so care- 
fully, and the work be kept down to its 
minimum of effectiveness, yet so long 
as the churches are not acting univer- 
sally on a systematic basis and are not 
pledged to maintain the apportionment, 
there will be no possible way of fore- 
telling the outcome of any given year. 

The debts as reported, total in the 
neighborhood of a hundred thousand 
dollars. The Foreign Society has the 
largest deficit, about |62,ooo. The 
Home Mission Sopiety is about {25,000 
behind. The Women's Foreign Societies 



both have debts, not large but larger 
than they like. The Woman's Home 
Society and the Publication Society are 
a little ahead of the debt line. 

This is not a great sum for a great 
denomination, but the record is not so 
pleasant as a surplus of a hundred 
thousand dollars would have been. 

Think what that would have meant I 
Less giving this coming year on the 
part of the churches ? We do not be- 
lieve it. For the joy of the missionaries 
who would have seen some chance of 
reinforcement and enlargement abso- 
lutely necessary from their point of view 
would have imparted itself in some 
degree to those who had made this joy 
possible. Have the great Kennedy 
bequests lessened the giving of the 
Northern Presbyterian churches ? We 
do not think the statistics will show it. 
The effect of those noble gifts for home 
and foreign work cheered the whole 
constituency of givers as it did the whole 
company of missionaries. No, we need 
not fear a surplus. Let us have an 
experience in that line for awhile and 
then we can more fairly form our 
judgments. 

Meanwhile, shall debt mean dis- 
couragement i No. It will involve 
more prayer, faith and effort, if that be 
possible. Then, we shall hope for 
definite financial results this coming 
year from the Baptist Laymen's Move- 
ment, for one thing; from the early and 
more normal apportionments, for an- 
other; and especially from the increase 
in the number of churches that are not 
only adopting the duplex envelopes and 
the weekly giving, but also responding 
more readily to the missionary motive. 

The great work must go on. If the 
salvation of the heathen did not depend 
upon it, the salvation of our own 
churches does. A church that is not 
missionary is powerless, just as the 
member who does nothing to save others 
will find it exceedingly difficult to save 
himself. 



MISSIONS 



Note and Comment 



ISSIONS for May invites 
you to Philadelphia in 
June, and through the 
pen of Dr. Oiffbrd tells 
something of the signifi- 
cance of the World Alli- 
ance that will hold its 

of our American Baptist 
meetings. The number 
has a wide range of 
interest, and one or two new features. There 
iu nothing like coming to feel that one is a 
citizen of the world, a Christian cosmopolite, 
with interest as broad as humanity. It is 
the steady purpose of Missions to cultivate 
this sense of world brotherhood and inclusive 
interest. For this is Christian, and this will 
knit nations and denominations tc^ether, 
and make possible the coming of world-wide 
gospel triumph. No reader of Missions 
can well stay in his shell or shut his heart 
against the appeals from the broad fields of 
Y endeavor. 



H A note from Secretary Haggard says: 
"We regret to report that the receipts of the 
American Baptist Foreign Mission Society 
for the year ending March 31 show a deficit 
of {62,548.68. A detailed statement will he 
issued at an early dale." 
H The Home Mission Society's debt March 
31, was $2S,t7t.iO. The total receipts 
under the budget were 1580,284.12; total 
disbursements, f 583,428. 13. Specific ap- 
propriations made but not called for before 
the books closed bring the deficit to 
^15,271.30. The contributions from the 
churches, Sunday schools and Young 
People's Societies fell short of the budget 
apportionment {130,253. 81, and contribu- 
tioni from individuals (1,012.21. The 
receipt! from other sources show an increase 
of MrfSl.?!, of which (38,821.80 is from 



H We give elsewhere Dr. Clifford's re 
able Leltir /o iht Church^, in full, b. 
it is a document to read and then fil 
has in it the ring of the prophet, at 
reader will be made to feel that it is 
to belong to a Christian host that hai 
set to accomplish a large work in the 
Rehgious hbeny is the principle that 
up the Baptist pathway with glory. . 
be worth going to Philadelphia to se 
hear such a leader as Dr. Clifford, 
does he touch the right chords in this e 

^ We wish to call special attention 1 

interesting news from the field given 
the general head of Messages frot 
World Field. The items and short a 
cover a broad sweep, and include the 
and foreign work in all phases. Pr 
committees will find items and sketch 
that can be worked into form for the m: 
ary meering. A few illustrative items 
duced into the church prayer me 
would give them a touch of life from wi 
Missionary committees might add gre; 
the interest of the regular meetings 
judicious use of this matter in Misstc 

1] A Laymen's Banquet in Trenton, 
to consider the State Convention need 
plan a campaign for the completion 1 
proposed gioo,Ooo building fund, . 
how the laymen's idea can be adapt 
conditions. State Secretary Dewolf 1 
slow to see the advantageous side 
proposition or the opportunity to ini 
interest in the New Jetsey work. 
affair was a great success, and goo< 
cenainly come of it. More than two hu 
laymen were present. President Bry; 
Colgate. Convention President F. W. 
Rev. Harry E. Fosdick, D. G. Gara 
and othets spoke. Rev. B. S. Huds 
Atlanric City has been appointed to It 
the campaign. 



MISSIONS 



301 



f The June number will be the Anniversary 
Number of Missions, and will set forth 
Philadelphia and the Baptist meetings in 
becoming style. In this issue we give such 
facts as prospective delegates and attendants 
will wish to know, together with the letter 
of Dr. Clifford to the churches of our 
denomination throughout the world. 

^The report of the twenty-eighth annual 
meeting of the Lake Mohonk Conference of 
Friends of the Indian and other Dependent 
Peoples makes a pamphlet of one hundred 
and ninety-three pages, with index, and gives 
nearly in full the discussions at the sessions 
last October. Those who are interested in 
the Indians and in the best development of 
the Philippines and Porto Rico will find this 
admirably prepared report of permanent 
value. Applications for copies should be 
made to Mr. Henry S. Haskins, Lake 
Mohonk, N.Y. 

^ The Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion, which held its third biennial conven- 
tion in Indianapolis, April 19-24, now 
represents a membership of over two hundred 
and sixteen thousand women in the cities, 
educational institutions, industrial centers, 
mill villages and towns of the country. The 
national organization has grown to be a 
great power, and has not neglected missions 
as one of its fields of service. 

H President Taft has appointed Bishop 
Brent of the Philippines, Dr. Hamilton 
Wright of Maine and Henry J. Finger of 
California as the American delegates to the 
International Opium Conference to be held 
at the Hague. Dr. Wright has disclosed the 
fact that Americans are using as large an 
amount of habit-forming drugs per capita 
as is used in the Chinese Empire. With 
half a million pounds of opium imported 
and consumed we may well second China 
in the effort to get rid of this dreadful drug. 
All the important nations will be represented 
in the Conference, and it is sincerely to be 
hoped that China will receive backing in her 
laudable efforts to save her people from the 
opium slavery. 

\ The Congregational Brotherhood has 
accepted the task of cultivaring knowledge 
of social obligarions among Congregational 
diurches and also of acting as a denomi- 
national agency for rendering service in the 



field of social activity. In a way this corre- 
sponds to the Presbyterian Bureau of which 
Rev. Charles Stelzle is the head. Rev. H. A. 
Atkinson has been made secretary of this 
department of work. Why should not our 
Baptist Laymen's Movement have a similar 
department, as an outlet for lay energy ? 

^ What a long pastorate of the right kind 
means to a community is illustrated in the 
case of Dr. Amory H. Bradford, who died 
recently. His one and only pastorate was in 
Montclair, N.J., a suburb of New York. 
He began with the church at its organization, 
and built up one of the strongest Congrega- 
tional churches in the country. He made 
his suburban parish equal in influence to 
any metropolitan parish. From fifty-four 
members he saw the church grow in forty- 
one years of his ministry to a membership 
of nearly thirteen hundred. A missionary 
pastor, identified closely with the Home and 
Foreign Boards, he led a missionary church. 
His books widened his influence. He was 
the first citizen of Montclair in many ways, 
beloved and honored. Such a ministry is 
an incalculable blessing. It is impossible 
on the three or four year basis. Our own 
Dr. MacArthur, in a metropolitan pulpit, is 
one of the few men with a similar record 
for staying and success. 

^ More than a thousand dollars ($1,051.66) 
was raised in cash and pledges by the First 
Church of Akron, Ohio, on a Sunday morn- 
ing, to meet its missionary apportionment of 
;f9i5, and it was done in the space of thirty 
minutes. The service was unique in that a 
Roumanian class of twenty-five men who 
have been baptized and attend the services 
regularly contributed $25 in cash, and sang 
a hymn in their native tongue. The pastor. 
Dr. Ambrose M. Bailey, had a map of the 
world covered with a thousand black squares 
each representing one dollar. Pledge cards 
were distributed and the squares removed, 
thus uncovering the map as the amounts 
were pledged. There were two pledges of 
$100 each. Eleven organizations in the 
church pledged $269, S169 of which came 
from the Sunday school. The first square 
removed was for the pastor's two-year-old 
boy, Raymond Lull Bailey, a direct de- 
scendant through Mrs. Bailey of Raymond 
Lull, the first English missionary to the 
Mohammedans in 131 5. 



MISSIONS 



The Siege of Shawneetown 

By Walter J. Sparks 

THt OLDEST TOWN IN ILLINOIS, WHERE JOHN M. PECK 
WAS STORM bound: TOWN OF McCLELLAN AND LOGAN: 
GRAPHIC 8T0RV BY A CHAPEL CAR EVANGELIST 



IS was a right smart town 
meet," said "Old Man 
A'inters"ashcsat smoking 
in his porch. "But it's a 
lood town now and many of 
he folks is done gone. When 
, he levee broke through last 
in 1898 and drowned twenty-eight of em 
they moved away, and ain't come back 
yit, but it was a right smart town oncet." 
Shawneetown is the oldest town in 
Ilhnois, and the few old residents who 
can remember its better days sit dream- 
ing of the past. They show with pride 
the place where McClellan found in- 
spiration for his future greatness, the 
office where "Bob" Ingersoll began to 
study law, and the little house behind 



the levee where John A. Logan council 
pretty Molly Cunningham. But the 
greatest relic of its faded glory Is the 
place where La Fayette landed and was 
escorted "on a white sheet" stretched 
from the boat to the little brick hotel. 
They do not know that at this self- 
same spot another hero landed; but it 
was here that John M. Peck marched 
over the muddy levee to begin his great 
work for God in the Middle West. As 
"Old Man Winters" says, "All them 
times are done gone," 

The Upper Town is usually above 
high water, and still contains some of the 
older residents, living in beautiful modem 
houses or in the well-built homes of the 
good old days, but the Lower Town is 



MISSIONS 



303 



the district of the poor. How all these 
people live it is hard to tell. The Binaller 
the house the better. "It is easier to 
tote it back when the flood goes down." 
But whence comes money for food and 
clothes, with the slight demand for 
labors 

"Well," says our aged philosopher, 
"some has every-day work and some 
woi^ oncet a week and some works not 
at alL There's only ten cents difference 
1 him what works and him what 



don't, and usually the man what don't 
has the ten cents." 

"How's that?" said I. 

"Sboodn' craps." 

Into this district the chapel car 
comes, settles down and begins the 
siege. Yes, that is what it is, — a siege; 
a planting of the artillery in a com- 
manding position, and a pouring in of 
hot shot until the stronghold of the 
enemy begins to yield. 

The meetings open with such a med- 
ley of peojJe as only the chapel car 
can get together, lliere are river-men. 



fishermen, pearl hunters, factory hands, 
loafers, "those who work every day, 
those who work oncet a week and those 
who never work at all," There are the 
moral, the immoral and the simply 
unmoral. In they come till the car is 
packed and the lights burn dim in the 
thick air. 

"When were you in church before f" 
I ask them. 

One man says he went to church "to 
a funeral, fourteen years ago." Another 
that he was at church "oncet" when he 
was a boy, "over to Cave-in-Rock." 
Most of them will say that they have 
not gone to church since they lived in 
this town, but used to go sometimes 
"away back." They are a motley 
crowd, but some wilt catch their vision 
through the cleft in the rock, and faces 
so lined and seamed by care and weari- 
ness and sin will reflect something of 
the peace which passes understanding. 
Among these poor souls are gems which 
at the touch of God are destined to 
become more beautiful than the pearls 
grappled from the depths of their own 
muddy river. 

An invitation is given and many rise 
for prayer, but they do not understand 
the message yet. There are women 
here who are like the Woman of Samaria, 
though unlike her they will reject their 
Lord. The giving up of sin means the 
giving up of a sinful home and facing the 
world with helpless little children. As 
the awful consequence of sin they are 
surrounded by prison bars they fear to 
break, and when at last they compre- 
hend what is involved, they marvel, 
weep and turn away. 

Night after night the people come. 
The congregation is standing, softly 
singing, "I've wandered far away from 
God, now I'm coming home." Some 
people are coming to the front, and as 
one of them draws near, the volume of 
the song dies down. Some of the 
women are weeping; many are "chocked 
up" and cannot sing. No, it is not 



MISSIONS 



sorrow, it is joy. The Magdalene is 
about to find her Lord. 

There are after-meetings now. Those 
already in the Kingdom want to sing 
the songs of Zion and offer prayer for 
earnest seekers after God. What is 
"Old Man Winters" saying? 

"Can we sing a song or two we used 
to sing 'way back in old Kentucky f " 

Of course they can. The swinging 
rhythm and peculiar repetition make 
these strange, weird songs to the mis- 
sionaries, but by all means let them 
sing the songs of their own hills. So 
with many queer little turns and quavers, 
the swaying of bodies and nodding of 
heads, there swells forth, 

O Fathers, won't you meet me, 
O Fathers, won't you meet me, 
O Fathers, won't you meet me, 
On Canaan's happy shore? 

By (he grace of God we'll meet you. 
By the grace of God we'll meet you. 
By the grace of God we'll meet you, 
On Canaan's happy shore. 



Then we'll shout and sing for ^017, 
We'll shoui and sing for glory, 
We'll shout and sing for gloiy. 
There's gloiy in my soul! 

And still the song goes on, inviting 
the mothers, the brothers and sisters, 
the children. The missionary is stand- 
ing at the door. There must be a hand- 
to-hand conflict tonight. There is too 
much at stake to let these people go 
away without a personal word. His 
wife will keep the after-meeting at white 
heat. 

Here comes Johnnie Gilford, rough- 
ened and hardened by years of river 
life. "Yes," he says, "I do want to be 
a Christian, though I never thought 
much on't till tonight. It means such 
a change in the habits of yer life that a 
feller kind o' hesitates. Why, I ain't 
ever been to church since my brother 
was shot," 

"Your brother shot in church ?" 

"Yes, but he waren't in the shootin* 
gang. It was this-away. We lived back 



MISSIONS 



•Aram WHEKI lOHH H. FICK 

in the hills acrost the river. The 
preacherwas new and he got sassy about 
the wrong-doin's. The boys 'lowed 
they'd tar an' feather him. The next 
night they went to church and kotched 
hold o' him to pull him off the platform, 
but he was a fighter and before they 
knowed it five of 'em was down on the 
floor. Then they-all shot out the lights, 
so there should be nary witness, and 
started in at the preacher. We- a II 
crawled under the seats, but my brother 
got hit and was hurted bad." 

" Did the preacher get hit ? " 

"WeU, I should say! They-all piked 
seventeen holes inter him." 

"No, he didn't die, but I heared he 
didn't preach no more. He just got 
discouraged and done quit. 

"Yes, I want to be a Christian. I'm 
goin' to be, but a fetler has to get used 
to the idee." 

Here are two women coming out. 
They are notorious characters, but they 
rose for prayer tonight. The mission- 



ary stops them at the door, but they 
look defiant and desperate. 

"We rose for prayer because God 
knows we need it," and they step out 
on the platform. 

"O Mothers, won't you meet me," 
rings out from the car. The women 
stop as though touched by an electric 
current; their eyes dilate, their faces 
twitch, and out there in the dark they 
join with the people inside in the old 
mountain song. The strong voices ring 
out over the dark waters of the river, 
bringing to two hearts memories of a 
better past; and then, the song ended, 
they look at each other and walk away, 
the younger woman sobbing and wring- 
ing her hands. But in the inquiry room, 
at the back of the car, other souls are 
repenting, and these come forth, their 
faces shining with a new light, for they 
have heard the Master say, "Neither do 
I condemn thee; go and sin no more." 

When the mistletoe on the old oak 
upon the levee begins to hide beneath 



r/> 



MISSIONS 



rlit new-born leaves of spring, the first 
liaptismal service is held at the old Ferry 
where John M. Pecit landed some 
seventy years ago. Then the missionary 
(urns to the work of providing a home 
f'lr the yuung church and large new 
Sunday school. When |i,500 of the 
Kiirn needed has been pledged, it is 
necessary to find a suitable lot upon 



chine shop here, but he waren't willin' 
to pay the price. He located in Indiany 
an' hired a thousand men. He'll never 
know how much he missed by not 
locatin' at Shawneetown." 

After much trouble a lot is finally 
secured at a reasonable figure. The 
Missionary Committee of the Fairfield 
Association undertakes to assume all 



which to build. This proves a some- 
what difficult matter, for the people who 
hold property cannot get rid of the old 
idea that poor, water-soaked Shawnee- 
town is the hub of the universe, and ask 
Chicago prices for every desirable spot. 
But then, as "Old Man Winters" 
says, "Shawneetown is older than 
Chicago. 

Oncet 3 feller wanted to locate a ma- 



responsibility for the new church, 
securing the balance of money needed, 
building the house and providing a 
pastor. For present needs the Free- 
masons kindly lend their spacious hall, 
and the missionaries go away from the 
htile flood town, leaving the people sad 
at their departure, but glad at heart 
because of the better things the chapel 
car has brought. 



Be a Delegate at Philadelphia if vou can. 
Be a VititoT if you cannot be a Delegate, 
Be there, in an; event, as one or other. 



MISSIONS 



'T^HE modtrn type of missionary teackrr is well rrfirrsenteJ by Rev. J. T. 
-* Proctor, Prtsident of Shanghai Bafnist Colltge, EaHem China, 
viho has jiut rtached this country on furlough, much broken in health by 
years of incessant strain and ovtrtvork, but keen as ever of spirit. The 
Editor kntui Mr. Proctor when he was a divinity student, and predicted 
for him then the successful career that is now matter of record. He 
Mongs to the statesman missionary class. Chinese history and problems 
potttit fot him a fascination. He believes that the more you know about a 
P*9fU tht better you can understand and approach and help them. But 
tt it my purpose now to interview this returned missionary, not describe 
kim, md let him do the most of the talking for the benefit of all of us. It 
VMU good to look again into his face, and sitting at the lunch table tve 
etutud about many things. 

EprroR. How long since you left your field ? 

MiSMONAKY. Nine weeks. We spent three happy weeks in London. The 
cfaange wat reiy restful, and the city never seemed so wonderful. Then I had 
AttjCtMt privily of being present in Parliament when the matter of Canadian 
f d fl yiB ci t y WU up; and a little later when Earl Grey set Europe agape by his 
•peadi in response to President Taft's peace proposals. Nothing ever came in 
mon fonaaMtiy. The feeling aroused by the Canadian annexation talk which 
had been leponed, and by the new trade relations proposed, was turned into a 
new channel by the peace idea, which put the United States in the right light 
and won the instant approval of the English people of all parties. 

Editor. To go back to China, what was the plague and famine situation 
when you left f 

MiSSIONAttY. Of course, it was very bad, but in Shanghai we knew little 
of it at fit« hand — as little as the people in Boston realize what is going on in 
San Francisco. As none of our missions are in the sections touched, the direct 
news that I got was slight. There is no doubt, however, that the heroic work of 
the missionaries during the troubles, their disregard of life in the pursuit of relief 
service, their medical assistance, and their cheerfulness in the face of most perilous 
condidons, have won them a new place in the Chinese estimation and will tell 
upon the future of missions in the Orient. Such crises bring out the human test, 
and the Chinese admire goodness and bravery as much as any people. 

Editor. How about the Chinese feeling toward Americans at present i 

MlSSlOHARY. So far as my knowledge and observarion go, it is unusually 
friendly and cordial. The misnonaries are respected and recognized at their 



308 MISSIONS 

worthy and whatever occasional outbursts there may be are only natural, when 
racial and religious prejudices are taken into account. On the whole, the condi- 
tions are decidedly favorable for mission work. 

Editor. What is the most significant movement in the Empire at the present time ? 

Missionary. The military movement, I should say. This is little less than 
revolutionary in character. The Chinese have been peculiarly a peaceable people, 
without sense of nationalism, following agriculture, not arms. The military life 
has been looked upon with contempt, as among the lowest in the social scale. 
"Better have no son than one who is a soldier" is a popular saying. The literary 
class was the ruling caste, and the soldier was regarded as a necessary evil. Hence 
China offered no inducements to young men to seek military preferment, and 
had no army worthy of the name. The Russian-Japanese war opened the eyes of 
her people, but little was done until after the death of the Empress Dowager and 
the introduction of a new regime of reform, including a tentative popular assembly 
and the construction of a constitutional government by degrees. The Prince 
Regent, a brother. of the former Emperor, has traveled in Europe, and so have 
his three brothers, who caught the western spirit in London where they studied 
and observed. These are modern men, and through them the new military ideas 
have become diffused. The social rank of army and navy officers has been raised 
toward the German and English level, and the new military spirit is manifest on 
all sides. Many schools have military drills. There is danger of going too far, 
but it means that China has decided to take care of herself, and no longer be 
dependent for existence as a nation upon the plans or purposes of the western 
world Powers. It also means the development of a national spirit, a patriotism 
similar to that of Japan. 

(This statement regarding militarism and its new development was made 
several days before the news came of the edict of April 3, which confirms Mr, 
Proctor's views.) 

Editor. How about the progress of constitutional ideas in China ? 

Missionary. The growth of interest in the reform measures has been won- 
derful. It must be remembered that the idea was novel. The people for centuries 
had been accustomed to the rule of an unknown and unseen Emperor, who was 
a representative of the gods, and to a literary class which filled all government 
positions. Therefore, the masses had no interest in the general government, 
having no chance to exercise the slightest influence upon public affairs. This 
explains the absence of national feeling, of love of country as we know it. The 
provinces and local village governments were of some concern, because they were 
the tax collectors for the Empire. Taxes represented government to the masses, 
and taxes inspire little patriotism where there is no representation. The idea of 
suffrage, of a constitution, of individual political rights and privileges, of a repre- 
sentative parliament, of personal liberty — all this was new and strange. But 
the new possibilities fired the popular imagination, and China is alive with interest 
now. Of course, the Chinese National Assembly was tentative and experimental 
and smooth sailing was not to be expected. It accomplished much in paving the 
way for a general parliament in 19 13. Having had a taste of power, nothing can 
prevent China from having a constitutional government of the modern type. 

Editor. How about education ? 

Missionary. That is the means by which the new ideas will progress most 
rapidly. Everybody knows how the system of centuries was overthrown in a day 



MISSIONS 309 

by imperial edict (1905) and a western school system established. The Chinese 
have seen the results of a superior education in Japan. The sending of young 
men of high rank and superior ability to England and America is evidence of 
the fact that China does not wish to have the Japanese educational influence 
predominate. English is taught in the schools of all grades, and there are those 
who predict that the English alphabet will rapidly supersede the complicated 
Chinese, and English become more and more adopted. This, too, shows the 
strong preference for Americans and English as against the Japanese. China is 
not sure how far Japan would like to go as the dominant power in the Orient. 
She has confidence in the purpose of the United States, and turns to us, in spite 
of our unjust treatment of the Chinese who come here to make a living. Nothing 
is more interesting than to see modem school buildings constructed of the bricks 
taken from the demolished halls formerly used for the classical examinations. 

Editor. How do our mission schools keep pace with the advance in the gov- 
ernment schools ? 

Missionary. We maintain excellent rank. One difficulty we have to meet 
in the college just now is that of fitting students so that they will stand good show 
to pass the examinations for the new scholarships which mean education in Eng- 
land or America. The government has a system that works something like the 
Rhodes scholarships, the idea being to send the brightest boys to the West for 
educadon rather than to Japan. We are urged to adapt our curriculum to these 
scholarship requirements. As our aim is not to prepare specially for such a purpose, 
I do not know whether we shall do so; but I do know that we have lost some of 
our best students because they could get the special preparation elsewhere and 
were eager for a chance at the foreign educational prizes. 

Editor. What do you consider the chief problem of China today ? 

Missionary. The Manchus, who are a unique ruling class and constitute 
China's race issue, unlike any we know. There is constant irritation because of 
the undue filling of the government offices by the Manchus to the exclusion of 
the Chinese. That the dynasty should have been able to maintain this compara- 
tively small nupnber of aliens so long in pride and power is not easily explainable 
to us. But the new spirit of liberty makes the position of the Manchus as a govern- 
mental and leisure and superior class untenable. The story of the Manchus is 
too long to go into here, but it is full of interest to the student, and the solution 
of the problem they form will be difficult. Things may happen rapidly, however. 
As I look back to the beginning of my work, only thirteen years ago, I can hardly 
realize the vast changes in sentiment and plan and outlook — nothing less than 
the awakening of a nation from the sleep of centuries. 

Edftor. And is all this change making for good ? 

Missionary. Yes, undoubtedly. If all that is good in the old is conserved, — 
and there is far more than people suppose who are unacquainted with the facts, — 
and if Christianity can impress its true character upon the new life as it develops, 
we shall see a people new born. Here is the demand of the crisis hour upon the 
Christians of England and America. This is the question which profoundly 
interests me: What are the Protestants of the West willing to sacrifice for China's 
redemption ? What are the Baptists of the United States willing to do in order 
that China may have a Christian church as the most powerful influence in its 
new civilization ? 



310 MISSIONS 

The Baptist Meetings in Philadelphia 

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This World Alliance assembly will emphasize 
anew the distinctiye principles of our faith. 
The Baptist who does not reioice in the share 
his fathers have performed in establishing 
civil and religious uberty, must have igno- 
rance instead of knowledge in his head, and 
iced water instead of red blood in his veins. 

— X. S. Ttae Arthur, D.D. 

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THE Baptist Meetings this year present an opportunity such as will not come again 
for a long time. All conditions are favorable for a gathering of Baptists tiiat shall 
be memorable in our annals as a denomination. Here are some of the patent reasons why 
you should attend, even at some sacrifice if necessary. 

^ The Scope of the Meetings is Remarkable 

1. The Northern Ba^st Convention (June 13 to 18). This includes the annual 
meetings of the affiliated missionary societies^ the American Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sion Society, the American Baptist Home Mission Society, the American Baptist 
Publication Society, and the Woman's American Baptist Home Mission Society. 
The six days will be crowded with swiftly moving programs, with discussion of 
matters vital to the denomination in the North. 

2. The General Convention of the Baptists of North America (June 19). This organi- 
zation, which was effected at Jamestown, meets trienniaUy. Its object is the 
brining together into fraternal fellowship of representatives of the Baptists of 
the united States and Canada, and the discussion of general matters of broad 
denominational interest. If the Baptists of the North and South are ever to get 
together, it will be through such a medium. 

3. The Baptist World Alliance (June 19 to 25). This is the crowning organization, 
for beyond its range Baptists as such cannot go. Its purpose is to l^ing into union 
the Baptists of the world, and to promote the spirit of fellowship, service and 
co-operation among them. It is expected that every nation where Baptists exist 
will nave representatives in Philadelphia. The Alliance meets once in five years. 
Be sure to read Dr. Clifford's Letter, on another page, and feel the solidarity of 
denominational life and interest which this Alliance sig^ufies. It will be a umque 
gathering. 

^ The Place of the Meetings is Accessible 

Philadelphia is readily reached from all parts of the country. It is on the familiar 
routes of travel. It possesses peculiar interest for Baptists. It was the earliest rally- 
ing center of the denominational life in America. Here was organized the &:st 
Baptist Missionary Society, commonly called the Triennial Convention, so that 
the Oeneral Convention ot 1911 had its forerunner in 1814, when the Baptists 
of the whole country were one in organization for missionary work. It is some- 
thing, too, to have a First Church that dates back to 1689. As the cradle of American 
liberty, a&o, Philadelphia is of interest. No more delightful place could be found 
for the great meetings. 

^The Subjects are Vital 

"The Baptists and the World's Life" is the general topic. The Sufficiency of the 
(rospel (a) for the Salvation of the Individual (b) for the Salvation of Society. The 
Chrfstianizing of the World. The Spirit of Brotherhood. The Church and Educa- 
tion. The Church and Industrialism. Baptists and the Coming of the Kingdom. 
The Lordship of Tesus will be the theme of the sermon Sunday morning, June 25, 
by Dr. £. In MuUins, of Louisville Seminary. These topics will be discussed by 
some of the most noted men in Great Britain, Europe and America. There wiU 
also be a great Women's Session and one devoted to Sunday school and young 
people's work. 

Sectional meetings, when every race and nationality will meet in some appointed 
place, will be a marked feature. "The Roll Call of the Countries," when each 
country will respond in its own tongue and when the same hymn will be sung 
together in many languages, will be a memorable occasion. 



MISS IONS 



3" 



qThe Gathering Will be Notable 

About five thousand delegates and visitors are expected, among whom will be 
many of the most noted men in Great Britain and America. From England will 
come such men as Dr. John Clifford, pastor of the Woodboume Park Baptist Church 
of London for nearly fifj^ years, and one of the foremost preachers and citizens 
of the Empire ; Rev. J. H. Shakespeare, M.A., member of tne family of the great 
poet. Secretary of the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland ; J. T. Marshall, 
D.D., Principal of the Manchester Baptist College, of international reputation as a 
lecturer; Rev. F. B. Meyer. D.D., one of the most popular annual visitors to 
America ; and Rev. Thomas Phillips of London, who will preach the Alliance sermon. 
Nine are coming from New Zealand. About one hundred are coming from Russia, 
Roumania and other coimtries of Eastern Europe, most of whom have been in 
prison and suffered persecution because they have dared subscribe to the Baptist faith. 
Among them will be Rev. W. Fetler, pastor of the First Baptist Church of St. Peters- 
burg, and an evangelist of great power. 

t|The Rates Will be Reasonable 

1. The railroads have granted rates of one and one-half first class limited, with mini- 
mtmi of two dollars for the round trip. Tickets on sale June 10, 12 and 13, and 
17 and 19; only purchasable and usable for the start on these days; good until 
June 28, with extension privilege to July 31 for one dollar extra, paid on depositing 
ticket with special agent in Philadelpl^ before June 28. This makes side trips 
possible, or a month at the seashore, or attendance at the International Christian 
Endeavor Convention at Atlantic City (July 6-12). The tickets will be sold out- 
right for the round trip, avoiding the certificate plan. For transportation informa 
tion write to Rev. F. S. Dobbins, 1701 Chestnut Street, Philadeli>hia. 

2. Hotel accommodations and home entertainment will be provided at reasonable 
rates. The following card contains the needed information. Cut it out. Fill it 
out to suit you, and send as directed. 



NORTHERN BAPTIST CONVENTION, JUNE 13 to 18 
GENERAL CONVENTION OF THE BAPTISTS OF NORTH AMERICA, JUNE 19 

BAPTIST WORLD ALLIANCE, JUNE 19 to 25 



APPLICATION FOR ASSIGNMENT 
Name 

Address 

Expect to Arrive June 

Expect to Leave June 

{Ameriean Pbrn 
lonpaaa Pkn 
PriTate Home 

Williiig to pay per day for each person 

How many rooms to be reserved 

Delegate? . . . .Visitor? . . . .From 



RATES (Per Day Each Person) 

$2.50 and up, American Plan 

$1.00 and up, European Plan 

$1.00 and up. Private Bathroom 

$2.00 and up, Private Home and Full Board 

$1.25 and up. Private Home with Breakfait 

$1.00 and up, Private Home (Room only) 

Give full information to 
avoid misunderstanding 



NoTS. — ^If reservation is being made for several persons, kindlsr state on bacic of card those who wish to share 
rooms tocether, if any, and also whether private bathroom is desired. The 0>mmittee will do its best to 
eomply with your wishes and wUl send you an assignment card at an early date. Send in this application 
as promptly as possible to 

RAY L. HUDSON, Chairman of Hospitality Committee, 

208 Roger Williams Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

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OD QD Bi DD CD iBi OS ^D 09 OD DD iBI DD QD IB DD QD Bi iBi iai iBuDCD gtl tW f hh fW rl Ml ^11^ ^ n^ m t^H QQ 

Churches that desire to get the best out of their 
Pastors wilL if they are wise, see that one way 
to inspire the preachers so that in turn they may 
inspire their people, is to send them with their 
expenses paid to the great Baptist Meetings in 
PMladelpma in June. The world touch cannot fail 
to get into their sermons and make them powerful 



MISS IONS 



Self-Support in the Philippines 

By Rev. A. E. Bigelow 

MISSIONARY AT JARO, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 



JUST as there is no greater burden 
to the heart of a faithful Christian 
worker than apostasy, so also is there 
no greater cause of profound joy than 
evidences of growth in the Christian 
life. If this is true in the home land, it 
is much more true in this land of re- 
markable contrasts. Our hearts are 
often wrung with sorrow because of the 
first, and yet we are not left without the 
consolation and inspiration of the sec- 
ond. Only the other day was I per- 
mitted to rejoice through the discovery 
of one of these evidences, and I am 
sure you would like to participate, not 



only as a Christian, but also as a Bap- 
tist and as an American. 

The annual association of churches in 
Mr. Briggs's district, which has fallen 
to my charge during his furlough, was 
opened with a conference for pastors. 
In this conference one of the most 
important matters brought to my at- 
tention was a complaint on the part of 
the majority of the preachers of a lack 
of financial support by the churches. 
Being new in this work, I went over the 
entire situation and the following in- 
teresting facts were brought out. 

In the beginning of his work rn this 



MISSIONS 



313 



district Mr. Briggs had a man on whom 
he depended for the Visayan preaching 
and whom he paid a stated salary. 
This salary proposition became the 
occasion of a serious problem, both as 
regards amounts to be paid and the 
spirit of the worker. The problem 
grew with the work until Mr. Briggs 
decided to drop him altogether. By 
this time, however, the membership of 
the churches was quite large and God 
raised up volunteers who were enlisted, 
taught and finally ordained. Seven of 
these men are now in active service on 
the field and the other is a colporter. 
The latter is paid a salary by the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, but the 
others receive no money from the 
missionary, except their annual poll 
tax, an occasional suit of clothes and 
a little riccy amounting to less than 
twelve dollars annually. They have 
also a standing agreement that they 
shall be helped in times of great need, 
and are occasionally loaned money by 
which they carry on whatever business 
Aey have in hand^ though these 
amounts are quite small. They are 
expected to earn their own living with 
thiJB nominal help. On the other hand 
the churches must build their own 
chapdSy maintain their own services, 
and besides are taught to contribute 
regularly to a propaganda fund. They 
are also taught that the ''laborer is 
worthy erf" his hire." 

The outcome of this has been that 
twenty-two of the twenty-three churches 
have hutlt and kept in repair good 
bamboo chapels; have maintained ser- 
vices rating from one to seven times a 
week; have contributed regularly to the 
fund for a local religious paper, and 
also have given quite acceptably to this 
propaganda fund. But they have not 
kept the same pace in providing for 
their pastor. 

A new phase of this problem has 
grown up of late in the fact that the 
supply of acceptable workers has not 



kept up with the growth of the work. 
New churches have been organized 
and new openings have called the 
workers from their homes, thus lessen- 
ing their earning power. In some cases 
their wives have been able to keep 
things going by spinning or other work, 
but they have not always been cared 
for up to the requirements of the situa- 
tion. This was their complaint, and 
they wanted to know what they were 
going to do, hinting that other mis- 
sionaries paid the native pastors a 
salary. As it was twenty minutes 
past midnight I dismissed the meeting, 
promising to give them an answer 
later. 

On the morrow the association began, 
and from the opening hour to the close 
it was full of interest, well attended and 
most thoroughly enjoyed by all. No 
part, however, was more satisfactory 
to me than the conference of deacons 
and deaconesses. Two of the younger 
.preachers led it by short addresses on 
the duties and the qualifications of 
deacons. Then followed an open meet- 
ing which was participated in by all 
the preachers and quite a number of 
deacons and deaconesses. The climax 
was reached when the financial ques- 
tion was under discussion. Difficulties 
were stated by some; how they are being 
solved by others. Several churches 
have their deacons and deaconesses 
organized into a regular financial com- 
mittee. They take entire charge of all 
financial questions, both as a legislative 
and executive body, and there has not 
been any trouble in meeting all obliga- 
tions. Especially was this true of the 
church where the association met, even 
though they held a meeting every 
night in the week. Some of the churches 
also made a regular oflFering for the poor. 
All this seemed to arouse enthusiasm in 
the weaker and less organized churches 
and they asked many questions. Then 
to seal the whole matter one of the 
preachers made quite a sensational 



3H 



MISSIONS 



speech, proposing not only the organiza- 
tion of such committees in every church 
but the organization of all the deacons 
and deaconesses into an association a I 
society. This man then brought up the 
problem of the finances of the pastors, 
laying stress on their being away from 
home and the need this fact raised, for 
most of the other discussion had re- 
ferred to the running expenses of the 
church. The spirit of the Master was 
certainly present. He was heard in 
silence. It was all new to them. It 
took time for them to follow him and 
grasp the situation, but as others took 
it up our hearts were filled with a grati- 
tude and joy such as only could be in- 
spired from above. To us it was a 
direct answer to our prayers concerning 
the conditions of the pastors. Every 
church present pledged to do its utmost 
to establish such a work, and it was de- 
termined, if possible, to organize the 
associational society at the next annual 
meeting. Neither Miss Johnson nor I 
felt that we should say a word, so com- 
pletely did the matter seem to be under 
the guidance of the Spirit; though it is 
needless to say that we said "Amen" 
every chance we had. 



To you who are so far away this 
rejoicing may not seem well founded 
because of the small amounts that are 
involved, but I want to assure you that 
no situation at home is more real. If 
the amounts of money that can be raised 
must necessarily be small in this dis- 
trict where all are laborers on a small 
scale and quite poor, so are the needs, 
both for the running expenses of the 
churches and of their pastors. The 
simple life reigns here, and there are 
present conditions for sacrifices that 
would put to shame any church at 
home. When once these people get 
the idea into their heads that it can be 
done, right then there will be self- 
support. They have the zeal. The 
means are either already at hand, or 
to be had for a minimum of struggle, 
and all that is needed are a few object 
lessons. This move we believe is only 
one step, but it is a big one in the right 
direction. If we can only keep it 
going and we are sure to have loyal 
support, this most vexatious and mo- 
mentous question in the life of any 
church, or association, is going to be 
solved. It has in it the germs of 
strength, liberty and independence. 



MISSIONS 



Devotional 



^n^ fur Aiaauina 

|A LORD, who diJst come to leek and to 
f save the lost, and to vikom all power is 
[ivtn in heaven and earth, Hear the prayers 
of Thy people for those who at Thy c 
go forth to preach the Gospel to every c 
Preserve them from all dangers; from penis 
by land and by tuater: from the deadly pesti- 
lence; from the violence of the persecutor; 
from doubt and impatience; from discourage- 
ment and discord; and from all the devices of 
the poolers of darkness. While they plant 
and vialer, Lord, send Thou the increase; 
gather in the multitude of the heathen; and 
convert in Christian lands suck as neglect Thy 
great salvation; that Thy Name may be 
glorified, and Thy kingdom eome, Saviour 
of tht world; to whom, with the Father and 
the Holy Spirit, he honor and glory, world 
without etiJ, Amen, 

« 

PRAY — 

That the family altar may be established 
in a multitude of homei where now there is 
no morning or evening prayer, to the end 
that the children may be trained ir 
for God and to habits of worship. 

That in the family worship the 



; may be 



ry may fall 
ilistic and 



iding P 
s heeding ? 
needing ? 



pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatso- 
ever things are of good report; if there be any 
virtue, and if there be any praise, think on 
these things. — Phil. iv. 8. 

"We need to have sufficient faith in God 
to believe that He can bring us to something 
higher and more Christlilce than anything 
to which at present we see a way." — Report 
of Commission on Co-operation and Unity, 

"Prayer is the method which relates the 
irresistible might of God to the missionary 
enterprise .... Every other consideration 
and plan and emphasis is secondary to that 
of wielding the forces of prayer," — Report 
of the Commission on Carrying the Gospel. 

Be one of those benignant, lovely souls 
that, without astonishing the public and 
posterity, make a happy difference in the 
lives of those around them and in this way, 
lift the average of human joy. — George Eliot. 

Without the silences of life there can be no 
true greatness, and no man can be great in 
the hours of expression and daily activity 
unless he has first been great in the silent 
places of his individual life. — Theodore 

And today any man who would have 
Jesus Christ put into his life the fire of His 
divine power must be willing to have Him 
do it at the price of a whole burnt offering 
of his life. For strength wilt always stand 
for each one of us in direct proportion to 
the degree of sacrifice required to purchase 
that strength. — Robert E. Speer. 

God has not given us vast learning to 
solve all the problems, or unfailing wisdom 
to direct all the wanderings of our brothers' 
lives, but He has given to every one of us 
the power to be spiritual, and by our spiritu- 
ality to lift and enlarge and enlighten the 



liv 



hillip 



Brooki. 



e have done. 



We all might do moi 
thitigs are And not be a whit the worse; 
ible, what- It never was laving that emptied the heart, 
things are Nor giving that emptied the purse. 



3i6 



MISSIONS 




The Baptist Belt in Porto Rico 

By George Sale, D. D. 

SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION, HOME MISSION SOCIETY 



HATEVER may be said 
of the rule of the Span- 
iards in Porto Rico, no 
fault can he found with 
their road-building, ex- 
cept that they did not 
build more roads. 

The military road ex- 
tending diagonally across 
the island from San Juan 
to Ponce is eighty-five 
miles long, though the 
distance between those 
cities is only sixty miles 
as the crow flies. Some 
say that this is owing to 
the mere business fact that the road 
was built by contract at so much per 
mile. It is not necessary to accept this 
unlovely suggestion, however, as the 
road climbs over the mountains of the 
interior and reaches a height of 3,000 
feet at Aibonito, its highest point, and 
^many detours are necessary to find 



easy grades among the mountains. The 
motor enthusiast will find here a superb 
roadbed, easy grades, and a spice of 
danger in the many sharp curves close 
to the edge of yawning ravines. Everj- 
where the roadside foliage has the 
appearance of that of a well-kept park, 
and everywhere are to be had views of 
surpassing beauty. One wonders how 
the town at the highest point, Aibonito 
(O how beautiful), retained its name, 
for that exclamation breaks from the 
lips at every turn of the road. 

A WISE ARRANGEMENT 

Our Baptist Mission territory extends 
along either side of this road and makes 
a Baptist belt across the island from 
northeast to southwest. A wise agree- 
ment among the Christian bodies operat- 
ing in the island provides that in places 
of less than 7,000 inhabitants the body 
first establishing a church shall have the 
town as its exclusive territory. As a 
result of this arrangement in ail the 



MISSIONS 



3'7 



small towns Protestantism is repre- 
sented by one denomination only. At 
San Juan and Ponce, the large cities 
at cither end ofthe road, all the principal 
denomtnationshavechurches. Aibonito 
is a "Methodist town," but all the other 
towns on the main road and on branch- 
ing roads are occupied by our missions. 

SAN JUAN AND PONCE 

San Juan and Ponce are very different 
cities in appearance and spirit. San 
Juan is a walled city with an ancient 
Ravor about its streets. It is the center 
of political agitation and the stronghold 
of Porto Rican traditions. Ponce has a 
freer, more modem atmosphere, as its 
streets are wider and its area greater. 
It is the ^eat Protestant stronghold. 
One of the speakers at the Evangelical 
Conference in November last apostro- 
phized the city thus: "Ponce, thou art 
the evangelical capital of Porto Ricol" 
Our strongest and most progressive 
Baptist church is here, and for many 
years the Ponce district enjoyed the 
personal supervision of our General 
Missionary, Dr. A. B. Rudd. 

ATTRACTIVE CHURCHES AND HOMES 

In a brief stay of thirteen days on the 



island we were unable to see very much 
of the actual woric of our missionary 
force. Thanks, however, to the excellent 
roads and a good car we were able to visit 
some twelve important stations and in- 
spect our church property. It is a 
pleasure to bear witness to the general 
neatness and attractiveness of our 
churches and the air of prosperity about  
them. There is not here the disadvan- 
tageous contrast of our chapels with the 
Catholic churches that one finds in 
Mexico. Often the Baptist church, 
though smaller, is a far more imposing 
structure than the great barn-Uke 
wooden buildings of the Catholic 
churches. Catholicism here is largely 
devoid of that artistic charm so omni- 
present in Mexico. This attractiveness 
of our churches and the spotless sweet- 
ness of our missionary homes I find to be 
one of the impressions of Porto Rico to 
which my mind frequently returns. 
Not least in their influence on Porto 
Rican life are the superb housekeepers 
we have sent thither as our missionary 
wives and the lady missionary workers. 
They know how to make of Porto Rican 
products dainty dishes tempting to 
appetites more fastidious than ours. 



3i8 



MISSIONS 



THE CENTER OF THE ISLAND 

The population of Porto Rico is 
largely rural and the country missionary 
work is of great importance. Our one 
visit to a country field will not soon be 
foi^tten. If you will place the point 
of a pencil as nearly as possible in the 
middle of the map of Porto Rico you 
will find that it is not far from the town 
of Barros. It is said that if one could 
drive a staple in the middle of this town 
and by some mighty force lift the island 
out of the sea, its equilibrium would not 
be disturbed. Barros is now reached 
by an excellent road from Barranquitas, 
but one must return by the same route, 
as it is the only road for wheeled 
vehicles into the town. Up to four 
years ago or thereabouts it was reached 
only by a five-hours' ride on horseback 
over the mountain trails. Dr. Mote- 
house thus visited the town eight years 
ago. 

DON SANTIAGO JIMINEZ 

Into this secluded town shortly after 
the opening of our work on the island 
came riding one day Gabriel de San- 
tiago, one of our Porto Rican preachers. 
He laid there the foundations of the 
excellent church that now worships in 
^an attractive chapel on the most con- 



spicuous comer in the town. Farther 
over the mountains he went and found 
about ten kilometers from Barros a well- 
populated valley generally knovm by 
the name of Culebra. Here lived Don 
Santiago Jiminez, a Porto Rican of 
wealth and influence, a sort of halfway 
feudal lord of the valley. Realizing 
that this man's influence was supreme 
in the district, Gabriel de Santiago set 
about to win him over and succeeded. 
He himself is not a member of the 
church, but his wife and children are, 
and one of his sons, Francisco Jiminez, 
is pastor of the church at Cbamo. Out 
of the church founded in this valley 
have come two other young men for 
the native ministry; and the great 
rambling house, and all that Don 
Santiago has, is, as he says in the 
hospitable Porto Rican phrase, "at the 
orders " of Don Bartolo, as our General 
Missionary is alFecrionately called, and 
his Protestant friends; and Don Santiago 
himself, so Don Banolo says, is not far 
from the Kingdom. 

FOLLOWING THE MISSIONARY TRAIL 

Arriving at Barros after a long auto 
ride from Ponce we took hones and 
started for this valley. Up, up, the 
trail went to the mountain's top and 



MISS IONS 



319 



then down, down, by a zigzag trail to 
where the white chapel stood out from 
the green hills. It was dark when the 
chapd was reached. The bell was rung 
and we watched the lanterns of the wor- 
shipers as like wandering stars they 
came moving down the mountain slopes 
MiaDndet to the chapel. Then followed 
the- fervice, and after that a wedding 
quiefcljr improvised when it was known 
Amt dw missionary had come. The 
mnipk ceremony was solemnly per* 
forned by Dr. Rudd, and then our 
futy rode away in the dark to the 
spaKitHis home of Don Santiago and to 
rat — to be awakened in the early 
hours by such a barnyard chorus as I 
never before heard; dogs and cattle and 
horses and pigs, geese, chickens and 
guiifta fowl, and I know not what else, 
with the shrill piccolo effect of myriads 
of crickets and ka^dida or similar 
dwellers in the orange and banana trees 
that surrounded the house. 
I shall not attempt the impossible 



task of describing the beauty of this 
valley. As Dr. Rudd and I halted our 
horses at the head of the trail and took 
a last long look at the sweeping slopes 
of the mountain sides we burst invol* 
untarily into the stanza, 
"Could we but climb where Moses stood 
And view the landscape o'er, 
Not Jordan's streams nor death's cold flood 
Could fright us from the shore." 
And I confessed that not even the perils 
of that mountain trail down which with 
outward show of bravery, but inward 
trepidation, I had ridden my horse the 
night before, could deter me from 
another visit to that lovely valley; and 
Don Bartolo says that it is the steepest 
trail he knows in Porto Rico. 

THE RIVER OF THE DEAD 

And indeed to reach that valley we did 
cross the river of the dead. A Uttle 
babbling brook it was, but the story 
goes that once when it was swollen by 
rains, a burial party was attempting to 



MISSIONS 



cross with a dead body. Their feet gave 
way and they let the dead man down 
into the water. Whether the deceased 
thought that it was the River of Jordan 
and that being almost over it was time 
to wake up, the story does not say, but 
it does say that as soon as the water 
touched him he came to life; and the 
stream was ever after called El no Je 
los muerios, — The River of the Dead. 

THE STRATEGIC POINT 

The main purpose of this visit to 
Porto Rico was to study the educational 
situation and to report what educational 
features should be added to our mission- 
ary work. The future success of the 
work in Porto Rico and in similar fields 
depends on a supply of native workers 
as pastors and teachers. For this the 
Christian Academy or College is neces- 
sary. Our swift survey of the principal 
stations, the visit to a typical rural 
field, and the opportunity of studying 
the missionary forces of all Protestant 
bodies afforded by the Conference of 
workers described in a previous article 
gave the background of conditions neces- 
sary for our problem. 

A consideration of the forces that are 
at work to make a new Porto Rico, as 
set fofth in a previous article, shows 
clearly the educational need that our 
Protestant Christianity must supply, 
and every consideration points to Rio 
Piedras, the seat of the Normal School 
and of the future university, as the 



MISSIONS 



strategic point in the island for educa- 
tional missbnary work. This year there 
are more than two hundred students in 
the Normal School, the greater number 
of whom are from distant points. We 
have in Rio Piedras one of the most 
attractive chapels on the island. Ours 
is the only evangelical church in the 
town, and therefore the only direct 
Protestant influence on that large body 
of students. 

A BIT OF BIOGRAPHY 

The pastor of the Rio Piedras church 
is Juan R. Cepero, a Porto Rican of 
education and character and an excel- 
lent speaker. The story of this man is 
full of hunun interest. He was the son 
of a Porto Rican teacher, who did his 
best to give the boy such educational 
advantages as the island afforded. When 
Cepero was twenty-one years old his 
father died, leaving four young sisters 
in his care. By dint of steady per- 
severance he continued his studies, 
availing himself of the highest training 
to be had on the island. He was one 
of the group of Porto Rican teachers 
who came to this country in 1904, when 
he took summer courses at Harvard in 
pedagi^ and English literature. Re- 



turning to Porto Rico, he devoted him- 
self to teaching, and soon rose to the 
highest rank among the teachers on 
the island. 

He was a man of religious feeling, 
and though he found no satisfaction in 
the Catholic Church he believed in God, 
and was wont to pray for the enlighten- 
ing of his understanding and for guid- 
ance. The visit of a Bible colporter 
led him to secure a copy of the New 
Testament. The reading of the gospel 
of Matthew brought at first self-revela- 
tion and a new mental anguish, followed 
as he read on by peace, gladness, and 
as he says, the unfolding of a new life 
with a new horizon. "In reality I was 
a new man and the world was for me 
a new world." 

Subsequent reading led him to seek 
the company of Christians, and to make 
a public profession of his faith, giving 
the reasons which led him to his new 
determination. From that day he 
declares his chief pleasure was found 
in the company of Christians and in 
the preaching of the gospel, and at the 
first opportunity he gave up the pro- 
fession of teaching and became a 
preacher. The Baptist Association of 



MISSIONS 



Porto Rico has chosen Cepero as its 
representative at the Bapcist World's 
Alliance in Philadelphia. This brief 
sketch of the man is sufficient to indicate 
how well he is adapted to the work in 
Rio Piedras. 
wanted: a local habitation and a 

NAME 

Our training school for Porto Rican 



has been moved to Rio Piedras 
and is in affiliation with the Normal 
School, its students being freely admitted 
to courses there offered. The school 
has now twelve promising students, and 
Pastor Cepero is trying the dangerous 
experiment of adding the work of in- 
structor to that of pastor of the church. 
When we left Porto Rico he was sick 
in bed. 

Indeed, an unpleasant reflection upon 
the work in Porto Rico is that of the 
heavy burdens laid upon the workers 
there through the removal from the 
island of two of our American mission- 
aries by sickness. Everybody is over- 
burdened and Dr. Rudd is trying to do 
the work of two men, in addition to the 
general supervision of the field. This 
must not be allowed to continue. There 
is a strong and immediate call for two 
men, one as director of the school and 
one as superintendent of a missionary 
district. 

our school. It is now 
ibitation and a name, 
held in the church 
building and its students board in a 
private house in town. Some one should 
seize the opportunity of ^ving to the 
school both a local habitation and a 
name, and thus render a great public 
and denominational service. One of 
the greatest needs of Rio Piedras ii that 
of dormitories for the students. By a 



without a local i 
Its sessions are 



MISSIONS 



t expenditure of money we could 
erect a building for our school and at the 
lame time provide a Christian home for 
itudentB anending the Normal School. 
Thui we should bring under the in- 
fluence of our Christian teachers and 
ttudenti young men whose influence is 
lure to be great among the Porto Rican 
people. 

We need not provide for instruction 
of our students in academic branches. 
By planting our school in Rio Piedras 
ve can avail ourselves of all that the 
government is doing. This plan of 
affiliation has the cordial approval of 
die Commissioner of Educarion and the 
Dean of the Normal School. It is quite 
certain that if our dormitory were 



erected it would at once be filled to its 
capacity. 

MANIFEST DESTINY 

I am familiar with the work in Mexico, 
Cuba and Porto Rico, and I do not 
hesitate to say that in all our Spanish 
field the one special thing that appears 
to me of greatest immediate importance 
is the erection of this school building in 
Rio Piedras. 

Those who believe in manifest destiny 
will be impressed by the converging 
lines that point to this as the first task to 
be undertaken in Porto Rico. Here are 
gathered choice young men and women 
from all parts of the island, most of 
whom will soon be teachers in the 
public schools and so fill a most im- 



3U 



MISS IONS 



portant place in the making of the new 
Porto Rico; here is located our training 
school for men, already in affiliation 
with the Normal School and needing a 
permanent building; here we have an 
attractive church building and a Porto 
Rican pastor specially fitted to work 
among students and teachers; we are 
already owners of a choice building lot 
directly opposite the Normal School 
grounds; and in the division of work 



2^68 and iz school buildings. There 
are 6 orphan asylums, 3 hospitals, 
6 church papers with a circulation «=>f 
7,700. There are 2+0 Sunday school^ 
with 1 5,287 scholars, and the tot .^\ 
value of missionary property  ^ 
»68s,56i.55. 

The evangelical bodies at work  ■-« 
Porto Rico given in the order of them ■:- 

membership are the following: Presb^i- 

terian, 2,800; Methodist Episcop^ I ^ 



among the denomii 



this town falls 



STATISTICS 

The latest obtainable statistics as to 
the work of evangelical denominations 
in the island of Porto Rico shows a total 
missionary force of 116 Americans, 
men and women, 25 ordained and 185 
unordained native workers. There are 
222 organized churches with 10,767 
members and 109 church buildings. 
There are 35 day schools, two boarding 
schools, a total school attendance of 



2,510; Baptist, 1,950; United Brethren, 
903; Reformed Episcopal, 571; Con- 
gregational, 477; Protestant Episcopal, 
470; Christian Alliance, 377; Church 
of Christ, 300; Lutheran, 262; Chris- 
tian, 179; and Seventh Day Advent- 
ists. 8. 

These are the latest statistics obtain- 
able and are brought up to about July i, 

1910. Statistics are now being tabu- 
lated bringing the facts up Co January i, 

1911. The one unchanging /act is 
steady progress. 



MISSIONS 



Missionary Program Topics for 1911 



Fibruary- 
April. 

«... 



Stflemhtr. 
Oaoier. 

Dttrtnirr, 



Our Work among Foreign Populations. 
Our Work for Mexicans and Indians. 
The Western States: Status and Outlook. 
The World's King and How He Conquers. 
Col PORTER Work. 
Our Denominational Power and Obligations. 

(Meetings in Philadelphia.) 
Our Obligations to Porto Rico and Philippine; 
State Convention Work. 
Reports from China. 
Reports from India. 
Thials and Triumphs in Europe. 
African Missions. 



June Subject: Our Denominational Power 
and Obligations 



The Baptist World Alliance 



A NOTABLE LETTER I 



[ DR. CLIFFORD 



O the Baptiil Churches through- 
out the WorU, Greeting: 

Dear Brethren and 
Friends: — Permit me, as the 
pKsident of the Baptist World 
Alliance, to invite your atten- 
tion to our second Congress, 
which takes place in the city of Philadelphia, 
from June tS to June 15 inclusive. 

The fint Baptist World Congress was 
opened in London on Tuesday, July 4, 1905. 
Over it Dr. Maclaren, beloved, honored, 
and wodd-famous, presided; and one of its 
chief results was the formation of the Baptist 
World Alliance. Soon afterwards the 
Alliance created a European section and 
sent a commissioner. Dr. Newton Marshall, 
to inquire into the condition of our churches 
in Europe. This was followed by the visit 



of a deputation lo the churches in Hungary, 
in the interests of freedom, unity and progress. 
In August, 190S, the first European Bap- 
tist Congress was held in Berlin. Brethren 
from every part of the Continent were wel- 
comed by the Baptists of the city with ovet- 
ttowing affection, and entertained with un- 
gcnerosity. They '' 





" and "we 


re all tilled ^ 


ivith the Holy 


Spin, 

mem!, 
love t 


. and began 
gave them 
■table time. 
the Lord, 


to speak, ac 

Our heart! 
who made i 


cording as the 

! glowed with 
IS one in him- 


selfai 


id one with each other. 


The sense of 


isolati 
spirit. 


on was desi 
in ideals a 


troyed . Uni 
nd etFott, wai 


ty in aim and 
s felt to be an 


inspiring reality. An impn 
to the Baptist faith was given 


in one of the 



world's great capitals. The living Christ 



3*6 



MISSIONS 



was preached, the wisdom of God and the 
power of God, the Centre of our Confession, 
and the one and only Head of the Church. 
Continental Baptists thanked God and took 
courage in the midst of their persecutions. 
It is not too much to say that a new era 
dawned for the kingdom of our God and 
his Christ on the Continent of Europe. 

Since then our commissioners, Revs. 
C. T. Byford and A. J. Vining, have visited 
the churches of Russia and of the various 
States of Southern Europe, to cheer and 
guide the brethren, and to prepare the way 
for the Alliance to carry forward the mar- 
velous developments of the spiritual life 
amongst the Magyars, Czechs, Slavs, and 
other races now so graciously visited by 
"the da)rspring from on high, shining upon 
them that sit in darkness and the shadow of 
death, and guiding their feet into the way 
of peace." 

And now the Congress is at the doors. 
Within a few weeks we shall meet together 
in the Baptist Temple, Philadelphia. Surely 
we shall not only mark histoiy, but mah it. 
May I therefore be permitted first and 
chiefly to plead with you, dear brethren, for 
earnest and special frayer^ We shall meet 
in the spirit of complete dependence on God. 
Let all the churches pray that his Spirit may 
inspire, lead and rule all our proceedings. . 
Great questions will come before us; only 
his grace can guide us to right answers. 
Grave problems will be discussed, and their 
solution will shape the future of our work. 
Let us therefore pray that God will "daily 
increase in us the manifold gifts of his grace, 
the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the 
spirit of counsel and spiritual strength, the 
spirit of knowledge and true godliness, and 
the spirit of holy fear." We need to breathe 
the bracing air of the hills of God, to know 
prayer not only as petition, but as com- 
munion with God the Father, and with his 
Son Jesus Christ our Lord. The Pentecost 
of the Acts of the Apostles was baptized in 
prayer. We can only repeat its marvels in 
the degree in which we share that baptism of 
the Holy Ghost. 

The Congress Sundays should be set 
apart everywhere for commemoration, wit- 
nessing, service, and believing prayer. For 
Sunday schools the Alliance has issued an 
"Order of Service" to be used on June 25 
throughout the world. But in addition, these 



Sabbaths may be used for grateful recollec- 
tion of the immense service rendered by our 
predecessors in the Baptist faith to the king- 
dom of God, in the salvation of the lost, the 
evangelization of the nations, the advance of . 
freedom of conscience, and the regeneration 
of society. This is our tercentenary year. 
What more fitting than that we should 
restate our principles, tell the stoiy of our 
brave pioneers, martyrs and confessors, and 
show a forgetful woiid the enonnous debt it 
owes to their fidelity and courage. We have 
developed within recent years "a Baptist 
world consciousness." This is the time, and 
here is the opportunity to strengthen it. 
Baptist ideas and principles are intrinsically 
Catholic. They are universal, not local; 
they are cosmopolitan, not racial; eternal 
not temporary; expressed not in the theo- 
logical formulae of this or that school or age, 
but in the fresh and fruitful Word of God 
which has "nourished the spiritual life of 
successive generations, and has seen the 
death of creeds and sects, the crumbling 
away of systems of theology, and has the 
capacity of eternal self-adjustment, of 
uninterrupted correspondence with an ever- 
shifting and ever-widening environment." 
It lives and abides for ever. The world needs 
to hear our interpretation of it, and it is 
opening to us as never before. May God 
give us grace to respond to the many calls of 
the far-off Macedonian shores! 

Surely the driving-power of such a repre- 
sentative gathering of Baptists must be 
immense. It should "get things done." 
Real advance ought to be made in many 
directions. The evangelization of Europe 
must receive an impetus, an acceleration of 
speed that shall stretch over many yean. 
"A great door and an effectual h opened 
unto us, and there are many adversaries." 
The many opponents are not reasons for 
fear or justifications of neglect; they offer 
additional urgency to the demand for great 
efforts. Already we have set aflame the 
lamps of hope in these churches; we have 
now to feed them with the oil of wide sym- 
pathy and generous gifts. 

More difficult still is it to make a really 
effective contribution to the churches of all 
lands in the task of realizing their high 
destiny. This is our primary business. We 
cannot be content merely to state the "prin- 
ciples" of our faith; we must also seek, as 



 «■ 



MISSIONS 



327 



the subjects set out in the program of our 
proceedings show, "the Christianizing of the 
world"; the perfection of the "Christian 
Brotherhood"; the complete equipment of 
our "educational" machinery for the young; 
the Christianizarion of industry, and the 
bringing in of the kingdom of God. In these 
issues every Baprist is vitally concerned, and 
to their realization every Baptist church is 
committed. 

Again, the churches are the instruments 
of the kingdom of God. Our co-operation in 
this Congress, speaking for so many nations, 
empires and republics, will advance peace 
on earth and good will to men, aid in checking 
everything likely to generate strife amongst 



princes and rulers, further the spirit of 
brotherhood, and hasten the arrival of a 
universal league of peace for the "holy 
church throughout the world." Gathered 
in the city of brotherly love, and in the 
country of Roger Williams, and under* the 
stars and stripes of the United States, it is 
certain that the movement for civil and 
religious liberty will go forward with a 
quickened pace and a brighter hope. Thus 
the kingdom which is righteousness, peace 
and joy in the Holy Ghost will come, and the 
will of God be more widely done on earth as 
it is in heaven. Praying that the blessing of 
God may rest upon you, I am, dear brethren, 
yours in the full gospel of Christ Jesus. 



^D OD DDDD CD ^B QD ^B DD DD ^B DD ^D DD ^D BD QD BD BD QD ^D OD QD DD DDIID ^D DD ^B ^B ^B B3 DD QD 
i^Q ^B ^BOD 09 DD ^B DD ^B ^B DD ^B *^^ ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B ^B DD ^BBB ^B ^B ^B 

The Alliance ought to aid us in curing the abuses of 
individualism and teach us a deeper fellowship. 
Individualism is a half-truth only. Co-operation, 
servicey brotherhood, fellowship, love, these are 
words which are of equal importance in our Baptist 
vocabulary. The best exercise of Baptist inde- 
pendence is the recognition of our interdependence. 

— £. y. /tuUou, LL.D. 



Who Are Delegates? 

IF you are going to the Philadelphia 
meetings, go right, as a delegate if 
possible. Read what follows, and you will 
see what is required and what is possible. 

THE NORTHERN BAPTIST CONVENTION 

Any Baptist church in the United States 
may appoint one delegate, and one additional 
delegate for eveiy one hundred members. 
Any Baptist State Convention may appoint 
ten delegates and one additional delegate 
for every ten District Associations included 
in it above tHe first ten. The Co-operating 
Societies meeting at the same time are the 
American Baptist Foreign Mission Society, 
the American Baptist Home Society, the 
American Baptist Publication Society, and 
the Woman's American Baptist Home 
Mission Society. Their officers and mem- 
bers of their Boards of Managers are Con- 
veimon delegates ex^officio, as are those of 
the Woman's Foreign Societies. 

Credentials of delegates of all classes must 
be signed by the proper oflficer of the organi- 
zation appointing the delegate. An oral 
statement to the Committee on Enrollment 
will not be accepted. Membership in a 
Missionar)r Society does not make one a 
delegate rfthe Northern Baptist Convention. 



THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF THE 
BAPTISTS OF NORTH AMERICA 

Not a delegated body. Any representative 
of a Baptist church may be enrolled. 

BAPTIST WORLD ALLIANCE 

Any General Union, Convention or 
Association of Baptist churches may have 
membership in the Alliance. The basis of 
representation for the United States is one 
delegate to every one thousand members, 
the credentials being furnished by the 
Secretary of each State Convention. 

Delegates will be admitted by badge, 
and credentials will be absolutely necessary 
to secure a badge. There are no registra- 
tion fees in connection with any of the 
Conventions except the Baptist World 
Alliance. This fee is $2, to be paid at the 
Registration Office in Convention* Building 
when credentials are presented and badge 
delivered. 

Visitors will not be admitted to the floor 
of the Convention Church. Visitors will be 
just as welcome, and will be seated as early 
and as comfortably as possible, but dele- 
gates must have the first privilege. The 
Philadelphia Committee will do its best to 
look after the comfort and convenience of 
all who attend. 



MISSIONS 



Paying a Church Debt Fifty-five Years Ago 

By D. D. Proper, D. D. 



HE place was Strawberry Point, 

Iowa, and the year it began 

was 1856. At that time this 

part of Iowa was very sparsely 

settled. A few Baptists had 

come from Busti, New York, 

the previous year, to establish 

homes. It was very natural 

then {as it is now) that they should want 

church privileges, so a little Baptist church 

of sixteen membera was organized. They 

were all poor except Brother Albert Bush, 

who had some means. They soon set about 

building a meeting-house. The lumber and 

shingles had to be hauled from Dubuque, 

tifty-tive miles away. Most of the lumber 

cost f6o per thousand feet. A debt of 

$t,Boo was incurred, which was a large 

amount for this poor little church. The 

rate of interest was from twelve to eighteen 

per cent. Finally Mr. Bush, by placing a 

loan on his homestead, secured the amount 

from a man in New York at ten per cent. 

All the security the members could give was 

the trustees' note with a mortgage on the 

church property. 

Then the members set about trying to 
make some money to pay the debt. They 
made an agreement that each member 
should raise one calf until it was three years 
old. Some members had no land, but the 
plan was so new and novel that the outside 
people, wanting to see a church built in the 
town, offered to help by raising two calves 
on the halves. Then those having no land 
provided two calves, the farmer agreeing to 
give one back when it was three years old. 
These thoughtful Baptists had a mark 
recorded as " Baptist Calves," and the mark 
was placed on one ear. This ear-mark saved 
some of them from being taken to pay 
personal debts incurred by some of these 
men. The Baptist ear-mark saved the 
animal to the church. 

In the final "round-up" there were thirty- 
two cattle, and they were sold for a good 
price. One calf died and another was 



stolen. By this effort they made enough 10 
pay most of the debt. The next year each 
raised a pig, and the debt was paid. In 
what way can calves and pigs be put to better 
use than helping to extend the Kingdom ? 

DOES THIS WORK PAYP 

Doubtless the thought often comes to 

these hard-toiling members in the little 



churches, "Does this work pay?" This 
church has been "toiling on" for over fifty- 
five years and a large number of members 
has been added during this time, one hun- 
dred and twenty-nine by baptism, although 



veiy large r 






- y"r- 



eeded fifty-three members, 
and about thirty has been the average work- 
ing force. It is still doing business at the 
old stand with Rev, T. A. Searcy in the 



MISSIONS 



parsonage, preaching there and at La Mont. 
Out of this church came Rev. James 
Sunderland, whose long and successful life 
has been given mostly to denominational 
mission work in Iowa, Michigan, Minne- 
sota and the Pacific Coast States. From 
this church came Dr. Alva Bush, so long 
President of Cedar Valley Seminary at 
Osage, Iowa; also Rev. G. C. Peck, Rev. O. P. 
Sonner and Rev. A, A. Oestreich were 
ordained in this church. Rev. John E. 
Clough, D.D., whose patents lived at this 
place, went from this church to India. It 



ha* been »id of him that he touched more 
live* dian any other man of his generation. 
I once heard Dr. Murdocic, Correspond- 
ing Secretary of the Missionary Union, — to 
use the name of the Foreign Mission Society 
in hiiday.^sayihatwhen Mr. Clough offered 
himself for the foreign field, after the exami- 
nation the Board was of the opinion that he 
did not meet the retjuirement. Dr. Murdock 
was delegated to apprise him of the fact. 
Thw he did by asking the question, " Brother 
Clough, what would you think if the Board 
thould decline to appoint you?" Without 
hesitation he replied, "I feet that God has 



1 the Baptist 



called me to India, and if the Board declines 
to appoint me, 1 shall have to find some 
other way to go." That settled the matter, 

and he was appointed. 

THE CONVERSION OF JOHN E. CLOUGH 

As many things have been recently written 
of the "Apostle to the Telegus," I will give 
an account of his conversion as given by 
Brother McMichael at Spangle, Washington, 
when he was colporter of the Publication 

He said he was a student 
Institute at Burlington, Iowa, 
man from northern Iowa came to this school. 
He had been working with a surveying party 
and was known as a skeptic. He was placed 
in Brother McMichael's room. The first 
evening he said to the newcomer, "I have 
been accustomed to read the Bible and 
pray before retiring to rest, and if you have 
no objection I will continue to do so." Mr. 
Clough readily gave his consent. Brother 
McMichaels said Mr. Clough would go 
right on with his studies, using state and 
pencil when he was praying. Brother 
McMichaels said, "ThU soon became a 
heavy burden, and I sometimes wished 1 
had never begun this service, but I decided 
I would not back out of it." After a time 
he noted a more serious attitude of mind 
on the part of Mr. Clough, and he reported 
it to Dr. G. J. Johnson, the pastor. One 
day Dr. Johnson, passing through the build- 
ing, saw the door to this room slightly ajar. 
Pushing it open he found the young man 
reading the Bible. It was not long until he 
was in the Kingdom. He was baptized and 
united with the church at Burlington. 

After finishing his education he took his 
letter and united at Strawberry Point, and 
from there went to India. It may be that 
the building of this meeting-house, which is 
stitt doing duty, redeemed from debt by the 
"Baptist calves," had something to do with 
conserving the spiritual life of these people, 
through which John E. Clough was given to 
India. "Despise not the day of small 
things." These facts have been furnished 
me by Mr. L. F. Carrier, one of the charter 
members of this church. He is now over 
eighty-four years old, and is doing good 
service for the Master. He is one of God's 
honored and faithful s< 
Omaha, Nthmiia. 



MISSIONS 



The Modern Macedonian Cry 

By Henry Alford Porter, D.D. 



N the first century a great 
apostle sleeping by the 
Adriatic saw a vision and 
heard a voice From Europe, 
"Come over and help us." 
Tlie twentieth ceniutyclisps 
hands with the first century. 
To the attentive ear the air 
is ailed with cries from 
hungering myriads over the 
ine listens there comes a vision 
t of polyglot peoples, restless 
and discontented, looking with dislike upon 
lituals and ceremonies that keep God far 
off, and waiting for some one who will take 
the blindness from their eyes, and the 
barriers away from "the world's great altar 
stairs that lead through darkness up to 
God." 

Whoever .else is concerned, these voices 
and this vision are unmistakably addressed 
lo American Baptists. There are peculiar 
relations between the Baptists of America 
and those people of Europe who are grop- 
ing their way toward light, who are throw- 
ing oFihe dead hand of ecclesiasticism and 
leaping the rotten rails of formalism. There 
are vital cords between this opening Baptist 
life and our full-fledged existence. 

LINGUISTICALLY 

There is a linguistic relation, which of 
course we share with England and with 
Canada. English is becoming the tongue 
of the world. A member of the Swedish 
parliament said to me, "I hear they are 
inventing a universal language called 
'Esperanto.' They need not trouble them- 



selves; we have one ready made and it is 
English." Men expressed surprise at my 
entering Russia without knowing one letter 
of the terrible alphabet, but every shop- 
keeper and hotel clerk was an interpreter. 
In the German Baptist Seminary in Ham- 
burg English is on the prescribed coune. 
Every prominent editor, pastor or mittion- 
ary whom I met from Hungary to FinUnd, 
id from Holland to Moscow had enough 



of our language to 
each other. English 
as the "other tongu 
told me in Chri: ' 



reltigible 
dispossessing French 
' of Russia. It was 
nearly every 
grown person on the streets knows a little 
English. English is the language of com- 
merce, and goes wherever trade goes. It is 
the language of Protestantism, and Roman- 
ism finds blunt Anglo-Saxon speech a 
difficult medium for its subtleties. It is the 
language of freedom, and the breath of 
liberty sounds in its very accents. It is the 
language of six million Baptists. Practi- 
cally all the European delegates who will 
attend the meeting of the Baptist World 
Alliance know some English. This, then, is 
the language through which the Baptist 
leaders of Europe can be addressed, by 
whom awakening empires and kingdoms 
may be fully aroused. 

HISTORICALLY 

There is an historic relation which should 
quicken our zeal. Modem Baptist life on 
the continent is traceable largely to the 
influence of American Baptists. As early 
as 1832 the religious condition of Europe so 
appealed to the Baptists of America that the 



MISS IONS 



Triennial Convention established a mission 
In France. It was Rev. Bamsu Sears, a 
professor at Hamilton, N.Y., who in 1834 
baptized Johann Geriiardt Oncken and six 
other believers in the beauuful Elbe at 
midnight. O April night of wondrous 
meaningi 

With that midnight baptism began a new 
epoch in European religious history. The 
next day Dr. Oncken organized at Hamburg 
the first Baptist church on German soil in 
modem times. The German Baptists, rap- 
idly growing, sent out to Denmark, Finland, 
Pdand, Holland, Switzerland, Russia, 



Elbe, which was thus again consecrated to 
this sacred ordinance. Returning to his own 
countiy, Nilson baptized six converts under 
cover of darkness and organized the drtt 
Baptist church of Sweden. With this move- 
ment a pebble was cast into the ocean of 
human life which started in motion waves of 
influence which have broken on the farthest 
shores of Sweden, and so turned things 
upside down that the most rigidly Lutheran 
country in Europe soon contained the 
largest Baptist constituency on the continent. 
Such are some of the historic links which 
lash the Baptists of the old world to the new. 



Hungaiy and Bulgaria missionaries, who 
packed with the dynamite of the gospel the 
religious situation which is now exploding 
to the wonder of the world. 

In all these missionary enterprises the 
American Baptist Missionary Union has 
been and continues to be, under the name 
of the Foreign Mission Society, an essential 
faaor. 

The Baptists of Sweden owe their origin 
in a deep sense to American Baptists. A 
young Swedish sailor, converted in New 
Oricans, baptized in New York, revisited 
his native land. There he met F. O. Nilson, 
who had already been converted in this 
countiy, and turned his thoughts to the 
subject of baptism, with the result that in 
1847 Nilsoa wu baptized by Oncken in the 



RECIPROCALLY 

There is a reciprocal relation between 
Baptist life in Europe and America. From 
the shores of Europe the tide of emigration 
sets to ours. Henry Clay stood on the 
Alleghenies listening to the oncoming tramp 
of the future generations of America. And 
still the tread of the coming millions which 
resounded in that prophetic soul does not 
cease. Many Baptist churches in Europe 
are emptied again and again in ten years as 
their members seek our open gates, and 
when these come we receive not a hetero- 
geneous mass flung on "the world's dumping 
ground," but a homogeneous share of our 
own belief and life. 

Then in times of dearth and depression 
the ddc sets the other way, and hundreds of 



33» 



MISSIONS 



dioiuandf go back to wait until the yeais 
of plenty return. Going, they carry our 
language, our democratic ideas and our 
Baptist faith, if they have gained it here, 
wherewith to quicken and reinforce their 
hard-pressed brethren at home. 1 en- 
countered a number of men in Sicily who 
had been converted and won to our cause 
while in America, and who were for the 
lime of their sojourn at home centers of 
light in their native communities. Thus we 
see the unity of missions, and understand 
why the good deacon named one side of his 
horse " Home Missions," and the other side 
"Foreign Missions"; "because," he said, 
"if one side goes the other side will have 
to go." 

DOCTRINALLV 

Then there is a doctrinal relation between 
the Baptists of Continental Europe and of 
America. The Baptists of Europe for the 
most part seem to take naturally to our 
American Baptist positions and spirit. They 
are of the stricter sort. They are practically 
all close communionists. A Swedish Baptist 
editor said to me, "The chief reason why 
the Baptists of your country have grown so 
rapidly is their strong stand on doctrinal 
matters. We are with you in that." Espe- 
cially is this the attitude of the myriads of 
Slavs who are leaping into our ranks. 

NUMERICALLY AND FINANCIALLY 

Finally there is the relation which the 
strong bear to the weak. The weak need 
the strong, and the strong need the weak. 
The babe needs the parents. Do not the 
parents need the weakness of the babe i 
Bounty-laden America needs famished China. 



Cities weighted with worldly gain needed 
fire-swept San Francisco. "The poor ye 
have always with you." Shall we r^ard the 
poor as a curse i Dives needed Lazarus. 
Not till it was too late did he realize how 
much he needed him. The poor are 
God's voice calling us to liberality and 

American Baptists, strong in numbers and 
wealth, need our poorer brethren over the 
sea to teach us brotherly love, to kill our 
selfishness, to lift us above ourselves, to 
lead us into the life of Christ, the life of 
appreciation and sacrifice, the life that is 
life indeed. 

Do not all these vital bonds lay upon the 
Baptists of America a commanding obliga- 

The Frenchman who gave to America the 
statue of " Liberty Enlightening the World " 
had a clear vision of the far-reaching and 
irresistible influence ofthedemocraricdemon- 
stration in America, which American Baptists 
need to put in spiritual terms. 

The gospel call, as interpreted by the 
Baptists, is being responded to by a mighty 
host in Russia and Hungary and the Balkan 
states. These "narions bom in a day" are 
asking for shepherds, instructors, pastors. 
They are in sore need of trained leaders. 
A European university for the training of 
evangelists and pastors is an absolute 
necessity. Tlie needs of this innumerable 
multitude of rising Baptists must be met. 
The Baptists of England, Germany, Austra- 
lia and Canada will lend a hand. But the 
burden will and should fall upon the Baptists 
of America. We cannot evade our re- 
sponsibility. 
Walnut SlTirt Church, Louisville, Ky. 



MISSIONS 333 

aaDODDDOODDaaDaDaDaDDaDaDaDaaDDDaDaDaDDaDDDaaaDaDaDaDaaaDa 

The Budget-Apportionment Plan 

HOW TO WORK IT IN THE LOCAL CHURCH 



features of the Budget- 
poniontnent Plan demand 
nediate attention by eveiy 
irch in the constituency of 
Nonhem Baptist Con- 
ition. 

[. Before this number of 
ceived the apportionments 
will have been sent to the churches in most 
of the States. Just as soon as they are 
received they should be presented to the 
church. Action should then be taken at the 
earlieM possible date, approving the appor- 
tionments as suggested by the State Com- 
minee, and astuming additional amounts. 
Every church should endeavor to make some 
addidtm, even thou^ it be a small one. 
This action of the churdi should then be 
reported immediately to the Secretary of 
the State Committee. 

2. The bane of our past experience has 
been the delay in activity until the closing 
months of the year. It is hoped that this 
year the «4iole Budget will be cared for. 
during the first two months of the year. It 
must be remembered of course that olfenngs 
for State Convention work must be in hand 
before the dose of the Slate Convention 
year in the early autumn. This part of the 
Budget should, therefore, receive immediate 
attenticm. It will be quite possible, however, 
without in any way interfering with the 
State work, to secure subscriptions for the 
whole Budget, to be paid preferably weekly 
throughout the year ending March 31. To 
this end an "eveiy member canvass " should 
be made. 



1. Have a supper. 

2. With tickets purchased in advance. 

3. With figures displayed showing the 

number of givers and what the 
church has given: (a) To current 
cxpeiuo; (i) To Missions. 

4. After full discussion, set a definite 

financial goal for missions for the 



ensuing year. The goal that is 
suggested by the Baptist Laymen's 
Missionaiy Movement is a mini- 
mum average of ten cents per 
member for missions. 

5. Resolve by rising vote to raise the 

amount. 

6. Ask for no subscriptions at the 

supper. 

7. Appoint an "every member canvass" 

committee. 

8. Divide the committee into teams of 

two each. 

9. Assign the entire church membership 

in groups to these teams for canvass. 

10. For an offering on the weekly basis. 

11. Permeate the entire canvass with 

prayer as a spiritual service ren- 
dered to the Master. 



WHY A WEEKLY OFFERING FOB 



1. It is scriptural, i Cor. xvi, 2. This 

injunction from Paul was not con- 
cerning the local church expenses 

but was concerning : 

2. It is educational. It keeps n 

and benevolences habitually before 
the people. 

3. Ii enlists a large number of givers. 

4. It enables persons of moderate ability 

to give more largely. 

5. It replenishes the treasury regularly, 

preventing indebtedness and finan- 
cial loss through interest payments. 

6. It does not decrease but actually in- 

creases the offering to current ex- 
penses and all benevolences. 

7. It promotes prayer. Each weekly 

offering becomes both a service and 

The General Apportionment Committee 
has discontinued its offer of free double 
envelopes, but will give them at half the 
regular prices to churches introducing 
weekly giving to missions for the first time 
and agreeing to make the "eveiy member 
missionary canvass." 



MISSIONS 



The Judson Centennial 

By Rev. G. B. HUIITIHGTOn, AnisUnt Secretu j 



HE auditorium of the Second 
Baptist Church in Rochester, 
N.Y., presented a scene of 
unusual interest and signifi- 
cance on the evening of Thurs- 
day, March i6. A large 
company of missionaries, 
paston and members of the local churches 
had gathered in the opening public meeting 
of a movement to observe in some fitting 
and adequate manner the one hundredth 
anniversaiy of the beginning of American 
Baptist missionary effbn through the labors of 
Adoniram Judson in Burma. Most appro- 
piiaiely the first address of the evening was 
made by the son of the great missionary, 
Dr. Edward Judson of New York, who 
gave some exceedingly interesting remini- 
scences of his father's life and spirit. Dr. 
B. L. Whitman, of Seattle, spoke upon 
"The Achievement of a Century," dwelling 
upon the great movements that have been 
stirring the churches in recent years; and 
Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick of Montclair, 
N.J., followed with an inspiring address 
upon "The Challenge of the Unfinished 
Task." 

In the afternoon preceding this public 
meeting the organization meeting of the 
Judson Centennial Commission was held 
HI Alvah Strong Hall of the Rochester 
Theological Seminary. This Commission, 
which has charge of the centennial observ- 
ance in all its forms, consists of one hundred 
members, including the Centennial Com- 
mittee of missionaries and native Christian 
brethren in Burma, representatives of all 
other mission fields of the Society, the 
general officers and members of the Board 
of Managers of the Society, representatives 
of the Woman's Baptist Foreign Missionaiy 
Societies, and of other home and foreign 
mission organizations, and a large number of 
pastois and laymen from all parts of the 
country. After a prolonged season of 
prayer, under the leadership of Missionary 
W. H. S. Hascall of Burma, the members 
of the Commission, eighteen of whom were 
present, took up for consideration the 
various plans that had been suggested for 
k the observance. 



Permanent organization of the Com- 
mission was effected by the election of 
President A. H. Strong of Rochester Semi- 
nary as chairman, J. S. Diclcerson of Chicago, 
editor of the SianJarJ, vice-chairman; Rev. 
S. R. Warburton of Boston, recording 
secretary, and an executive committee con- 
sisting of Rev. Walter Galley, D.D., Rev. 
Herbert J. White, D.D., Rev. C. H. Moss, 
Rev. Fred P. Haggard. D.D., Rev. Thomas 
S. Barbour, D.D., Rev. A. C. Baldwin, Mrs. 
M. G. Edmands, Rev. E. A. Hanley. Col. 
E. H. Haskell, President Geo. E. Horr, D.D. 

Plans for the centennial observance which 
will begin in Burma in the autumn of 1913, 
and culminate in the anniversaries in May, 
1914, call for a preliminaiy campaign of 
education regarding the history, results and 
needs of the work, centering about Judson 
and Burma, but including all fields in which 
the missions of the Society are conducted. 
It is expected that a large number will go 
from America to witness and participate in 
the celebrarion in Burma, and vriU bring 
back the inspiration created by pergonal 
contact with the mission field and its work 
to the meetings that will be held throughout 
this country during the winter and spring. 
The anniversaries, it is hoped, may be held 
in Boston, opportunity being thus afforded 
for pilgrimages to Andover, Salem, Ply- 
mouth and Maiden, all places alive with 
associations connected with Judson, and 
the beginnings of Baptist foreign missions. 
Effort will be made to enlist every Baptist 
church, Sunday school and young people's 
society in ihe North in this celebration, 
through commemorative meetings, study of 
Judson's Ufe and work and of present con- 
dirions and needs in Burma, and special or 
increased offerings for missionary wort. 
These and other plans were discussed by 
the Commission, and were referred with 
general approval to the executive committee 
for elaboration and execution. The feeling 
was strongly expressed that the commemora- 
tion should be in every way worthy of the 
far-reaching significance of the event, the 
strength and resources of the denomination, 
and the unmisiakable tokens of the blessing 
of God upon the labors of one hundred years. 



MISSIONS 



Mrs. Ingalls' "Burma in Boston" 

By Rev. W. H. S. Hascall 



HiaStONARY IN BABSEIN, BURMA, 



' ON FURLOUGH 



THE Worid in Boston" reminds me of 
"Bunna in Boston " (though it was 
not called by that name), arranged and 
given by that wcmdeiful mtuionaiy, Mrs. 
Manila B. Ingalli, late of Thonze, Buima. 
I think it waa in the early part of the winter 
of 1889. Mn, IngalU wai in America on 
her kut visit home, after an absence of 
many yean. She had brought'with her 3 
veiy complete collection representing articles 
used in the everyday Ufe of the people of 
Burma, a* well a« rare and valuable curios 
from the palace and from the huts of that 
land of her adoption. She was greatly 
interested in the welfare of the Judson 
Memorial Church in New York City, and 
conceived the idea of having a public exhibi- 
tion of her curios, the receipts to go to that 
church, while at the same time she would 
arouse more missionary enthusiasm among 
the pec^le generally. 

She o^aged Horticultural Hall on Tre- 
mont Street for her exhibition, and on tables 
along the sides of the hall and on the walls 
she displayed irfiat was, up to that time at 
least, die best collection ever shown in 
Anterica, representative of the habits and 
customs of the many millions of Burma. 
The Evclcths and Hascalls being also in 
this country and living near Boston, she 
engaged their assistance. The exhibition 
was open day and evening for three consecu- 
tive days, and an entrance fee of twenty-five 
cents was charged. 

People from all over Boston and its sub- 
urbs came in large numbcis. The best part 



of the show was Mis. Ingalls herself, who 
was always on hand directing and explaining 
in her inimitable way, laughing and joking 
with every one, the cheeriest of the cheery, 
shaking her little side curls and proving 
herself the very princess of entertainers. 
There were idols, native paintings and em- 
broidered hangings, young people dressed 
in the costumes of the country, musical 
instruments, palm-leaf manuscripts, royal 
orders, coins, cooking utensils, etc. 

If some person of local or church im- 
portance came in Mrs. Ingalls would cry 
out, "Here comes the noble so and so, a 
real prince (or princess), bring out the 
royal golden umbrella and do him (or her) 
honor." The glittering emblem of royalty 
would be brought out and carried by an 
attendant over the head of the often reluctant 
honored one, as Mrs. Ingalls marched him 
(or her) up and down the hall crying out, 
"Shi-ko-like," and we would drop on our 
knees and with hands clasped before us bow 
our heads to the floor three rimes in a true 
Burman "Shi-ko" or obeisance. 

Impromptu pantomimes and dialogues 
were given, illustrating the daily life of the 
people, weddings, worship, school, a mis- 
sionary preaching to the heathen, a Buddhist 
priest making a call on Mrs, Ingalls, etc. 
A young man of dark complexion was 
dressed as a Burman man, and played the 
"Burman piano" so well that many thought 
him a native brought over by Mrs. Ingalls. 
Every one was pleased, and felt that the 
twenty-five cents had been well invested. 



336 



but no one enjoyed it 
galls herself. 



MISSIONS 



If a 






mptly "froze them out," but where 
there was genuine interest shown in the 
curios, her work, or the people among 
whom she labored, none could be more 
pleased and more ready to give of her lime 
and strength than she. After the three days 
in Boston we went to New York, where 
Hard man Hall was engaged, and where the 
exhibition was repeated, to the great enjoy- 
ment of New-Yorkers. The third and last 
exhibition was in a hall in Philadelphia where 
many came to enjoy the rare opportunity 
of seeing Burma without crossing the sea. 
It was on the trip from New York to 
Philadelphia that we caught a glimpse of 
Mrs. Ingalls' fun-loving nature which gave 
us a hint of the secret of her abiding youth- 
fulness. A friend had insisted that Mrs. 
Ingalls and her companions in travel. Dr. 
Eveleth and Mr. Hascall, have the comfort 
of seats in the parlor car, that they might 
not be over-fatigued in the opening of the 
Philadelphia "Exposition." As we were 
sitting together and conversing in Burmese 
the conductor came within ear-shot, and at 
once showed by his manner that he was 
"impressed." Mrs. Ingalls said to us 



quietly, "Remember, I do not know any 
English, 1 am a foreign lady traveling. 
You, Dr. Eveleth, are my interpreter, and 
Mr. Hascall is my friend traveling with me." 
So when the conductor reached her seat 
and asked for her ticket, she turned to Dr. 
Eveteih and in her best Burmese asked 
what was wanted. Dr. Eveleth explained 
to her in the same language. When she 
understood(?) she gave up her ticket and 
making some remark, which was translated 
by Dr. Eveleth, so interested the conductor 
that he remained for some time chatting 
through the interpreter with the foreign 
lady and her companion. When he finally 
left he no doubt had the thought that he 
had been talking with some person of very 
high quality. It was true, to be sure, but 
not in the way he supposed. 

Mrs. Ingalls enjoyed the joke immensely 
and afterward often referred to the puzzled 
face of the conductor as he listened to the 
foreign words that were so unlike French, 
German, Italian, or any other he had ever 
heard. If "The World in Boston," with all 
its immensity of preparation and extent, gives 
a proportional amount of pleasure and of 
genuine help as compared with "Burma in 
Boston," it will repay all the time and 
energy evoked on its behalf. 



MISSIONS 



WOMEN'S WORK IN MISSIONS 



The Jubilee Meetings 

BY MISS HARRIET F. ELLIS 



this is what foreign 
leans; I never knew that 
■efore, I always thought for- 
ign missions was sending 
lissioiiaries to the heathen 
ountries to hold revival sei- 
iccs among the natives. You 
Jubilee people have opened my eyes. I 
never believed in missimis before, but I do 
now." That is what the Jubilee has been 
doing (or women all over our great country, 
opemng eyes, collecting false vision, rectify- 
ing wrong ideas and impressions, and show- 
ing women that missions means building 
schools and colleges, opening hospitals and 
dispensaties, homing the neglected and 



deBdcnt, giving t 
of wraumhood; i 






shoit, doing ju 

"The blind receive 
lepeis are cleansed, 
preached to them." 
ith everything that 
lanhood and child- 
so great that every 

«G the help of every 
and urgent are its 



ibilees were charac- 

ge audiences, tense 

ce, time and money 

>rable the Jubilees 

led off with a two 

ixf^ meeting; full of evidence of careful, 

pr^erfnl preparation, unity of purpose and 

oncncM of mind. The young people's 

mecdog wu Urge and enthusiastic. Dele- 

gatioM ftooi Snndi College and Mt. Holy- 

oke attended and gave inspiration to the 

cpcaken. Prettdent Woolley of Mt. Holyolce 

presided u the luncheon served in the vesity 



of the Baptist Church, and inspired all hy 

her strong, consecrated personality. 

New Haven hardly realized what she had 
planned for in arranging for a Jubilee. 
The first meetiiig mote than strained the 
capacity of the audience room, and many 
were obliged to leave without reaching the 
door. Several delightful drawing-room meet- 
ing and receptions were held, one especially 
for young college women, which was 
addressed by Mrs. Btownell Gage of the 
Yale Mission, China, and Mrs. Momgomeiy. 
It was a remarkable gathering, and how the 
Board Secretaries coveted the young women 
for just such work as Mrs, Gage so graphic- 
ally described. The luncheon was a great 
success, many coming in from the cities like 
Hartford, Bridgeport and New London. 
The children's hour was fascinating. The 
chapel was filled with earnest, rosy-faced 
boys and girls, who responded to all that 
was said and done. Many, no doubt, will 
attend the next Jubilee, and be able to tell 
what happened at this one. 

Providence lived up to its name, and from 
first to last the kind, loving Providence was 
recognized and relied upon. Large crowds, 
jubilant faces, deep, purposeful interest 
bespoke the splendid work of committees. 
The Rallies were most successful. The 
Baptist Rally was held in the historic old 
First Church, with its unsurpassed steeple 
and the bullet holes, proclaiming its ancient 
and honorable origin. "Dedicated to the 
service of God and the holding of Com- 
mencements," reads the chatter, and how 
splendidly its purposes were manifested that 
Jubilee morning, which saw the beginning 
of a new dispensation, as it were— that of 
Christian unity and oneness in Him who is 



338 



MISSIONS 



head over all. Pledges to the amount of 
fSoo were received, and about eighty women 
rose to reconsecrate themselves to more 
obedient service, and to the effort to double 
the membership of their societies. 

THR BOSTON HECT'INGS 

"The Jubilee has passed over Boston and 
is gone, but the place thereof shall know it 
forever more. The Boston that patticipated 
in the Jubilee can never be the same again, 
for through the inspiration of the meetings 
and the fellowship developed by their 
preparation, we have had a new vision of 
our oneness in the Master's service," The 
same weeks of prayerful preparation pre- 
ceded this as other Jubilees. Four drawing- 
room meetings were held, with an attendance 
of four hundred. A large reception given 
by two hundred and seventy-five nurses and 
physicians of greater Boston to Dr. Noble 
and Dr. Carieton was one of the chief 
features of the Jubilee, because of the 
splendid interest on the part of this pro- 
fession in the work of the two guests of the 
afternoon. As a result of this gathering 
an auxiliary to the North India school 
of medicine in Ludhiana was organized, 
which fact must delight all who are inter- 
ested in medical missions. Four luncheons 



were served in Ford Building, P>ric Street, 
and Tremont Temple, at which the Jubilee 
speakers made short addresses, thus giving 
to many not sufficiently interested to go to 
a church meeting the opportunity of hearing 
the message from these earnest representa- 
tives. A great mass meeting in Tremont 
Temple closed the program of the Jubilee, 
but let us pray that it may prove but the 
beginning of the conquest. 

AT OTHER POINTS 

The Jubilee in Portland, Me., joined 
hands with the Jubilee of Portland, Ore., 
and completed the series that stretches over 
our land from coast to coast, binding East 
and West in the closest relationship that 
can exist between hearts and lives, and so 
helping to answer the prayer of the Master, 
"That they may be one even as we are 

Worcester, Pittslield, Fitch burg, Athol, 
Framingham, Fall River, Newport and 
Brockton have all had Jubilees, and fine 
ones, too, and the end is not yet, for as soon 
as ihe season allows others will be held 
throughout New England, and others, and 
still others, until the last woman shall know 
of the movement. 

It is safe to say that approximately f 50,000 



MISSIONS 



339 



wai pledged in the varioiu New England 
Jubihe* tomrd the f 1,000,000 Jubilee Fund. 

TBI CUUnHATION IN NEW YORC 

WluK to write of the New York Jubilee 
is a qiiesticMi. It took upon itielf the size 
and divcnity of the city in which it wai 
held, and we wmider about its influence 
upon the vaM dry. There certainly wai a 
profound impretsion upon the committee 
of four hundred women who had toiled for 
neek< xnd mmthi that they might bring 
about a lucceuful Jubilee. One of the most 
important meecingi, espedally to those who 
had part in other Jubilees, was that held 
in the parior of the Murray Hill Hotel on 



Monday morning, at which the chairmen 
of a number of Jubilee Committees from 
California to Maine were present. Most 
intereating reports were given of the results 
and efPecti of the Jubilee so far on their 
home cities. The unanimous desire seemed 
to be to oiganize the Jubilee Committees Into 
Continuadon Committees, which should be 
aids to the Boards in furthering the great 
missionary task. A policy was presented 
(or cffluideration with this veiy object in 
view, and was heartily approved by all 
present. The policy was referred to the 
Central Coamittee m United Mission Study, 



who will later confer with the Boards. All 
present felt that this meeting would prove a 
historical one and all names were carefully 
taken, to be incorporated in the records of 
the Jubilee. 

Tlie pageant, one of the distinctive 
features of the New York Jubilee, helped 
our understanding of the great work by 
visualizing for us some of the mission fields, 
and making us, for the time being, a member 
of the missionary family. India with its 
bazaar life, Buddhist shrines with the 
saifron-robed priests, women prostrated in 
worship, outcast women and the child 
widows, gave us a sad though brilliant 
picture. A Japanese kindergarten of about 
thirty real kindergarten children, dressed in 
bright-colored kimonos and topped with 
black wigs that persisted in getting awry, 
fluttered through the motion songs looking 
more like bees and butterflies than really 
and truly children. China lived for us in a 
medical scene, with tent, table, doctors and 
nurses all present. Patients of all ailments 
appeared— ladies in sedan chairs, coolies with 
their burdens, children leading the blind, 
stretcher patients, and in the midst of the 
clinic a Bible woman rode in on a real 
Bronx donkey and began at once to teach 
the women waiting their turn. By the way, 
the Bible woman was Phsbe Stone, sister 
of the famous Dr. Mary Stone, the great 
Chinese surgeon, and a pupil at Goucher 
College, Baltimore. Turkey was presented 
6rsr by a harem scene, then by a class of 
young women graduatingfrom the American 
Collie for Girls, with "Christ my Light" 
as their college pennant. A most graphic 
scene from Africa followed, taking us at 
once into the heart of the jungle, and reveal- 
ing a life decidedly next to nature's hean. 
The chief and his retainers, and the women 
folks and children were suddenly terrified 
by the coming of the white-faced mission- 
aries. The next scene told that old things 
had become new; a class of boys at a car- 
penter's bench, girls seated at sewing 
machines, others washing and ironing, a 
la^e class of little tots with their books and 
slates in school, and all under the super- 
vision of our own Miss Margaret Suman. 
The hearty singing, the neatness and orderli- 
ness everywhere shown taught the great 
lesson of possibility and accomplishment. 
Some of ixir splendid church hymns were 



340 



MISSIONS 



sung during the moments between the 
scenes, led by a fine orchestra, and the 
lessons of the gospel in song were added to 
those of the stage, making any chance of 
escape from the message of the afternoon 
all but impossible. 

One of the most impressive meetings of 
the series was the Pioneer meeting held 
Tuesday afternoon, when several of the 
eariy missionaries and those active in the 
founding of the first Societies gave reminis- 
cences of those far-away days. Mrs. 
Adoniram Judson Barrett, mother of Mrs. 
Helen Barrett Montgomery, Mrs. Butler of 
the Methodist Board, missionary in India 
during the Sepoy Rebellion, were among 
those who spoke. After they finished greet- 
ings were brought by three young Chinese 
girls, a Japanese, a Karen and a graduate 
of the American College for Girls, Turkey, 
who most gracefully presented to the Pioneers 
a cluster of their national flowers with their 
greetings, and expressed their appreciation 
of what Christianity meant to them in words 
full of gratitude and love. 

Carnegie Hall was filled Tuesday evening 
with a large audience, gathered to hear the 
authors of the eleven study books. Eight 
were present and spoke: Dr. Arthur Smith, 
Dr. Elliot Griffis, Miss Ellen C. Parsons, 
Mrs. Anna B. Lindsey, Dr. Arthur J. 
Brown, Dr. and Mrs. Francis E. Clark, 
Mrs. Montgomery, Mr. Robert E. Speer; 
Mrs. Peabody, Chairman of the United 
Study Committee, presiding. 

THE MISSIONARY LUNCHEON 

Think of 6,500 women sitting at luncheon 
in three of the largest and finest hotels of 
New York, and this a missionary luncheon! 
Surely this was big enough even for New 
York! In the ballroom of the Hotel Astor 
nearly 2,000 were served, and equally large 
numbers at the Plaza and Waldorf. Society 
women found themselves drawn to a strange 



interest in something wotA wfafle, as the 
speakers pictured vividly the deeds and 
needs of mission fields. As one corre- 
spondent says, the old-dme patronizing 
attitude toward the "heathen" gave place 
to a burning passion of sisterhood. Mrs. 
Montgomery's pleas stirred the hearers, as 
she urged the privileged, educated women 
of leisure to form a great sisterhood of service 
and league of love. 

One of the papers called Mrs. Mont- 
gomery "the dynamo of the Jubilee," and 
the Tribune reported her flight from ban- 
quet to banquet in this wise: "She started 
in at the Italian Garden of the Hotel Plaza 
with a six-minute speech. Then she went 
to the main dining-room, where she came 
second on the program. Thence she flew 
down Fifth Avenue to the Waldorf Astoria, 
where 1,600 women had already listened to 
three other speakers. From there she 
jumped to the Hotel Astor, where she 
arrived breathless after the gathering had 
sung only one verse of the hymn they had 
started to kill time while waiting for her." 
And every speech was aflame with desire to 
impart the vision of a nobler life of service 
to the women before her. 

The Jubilee closed Thursday evening 
with a large meeting in Carnegie Hall. 
A half-hour of praise and song by a splendidly 
trained chorus prepared the hearts of all 
present for the addresses that soon followed. 
Pres. Caroline Woolley of Mt. Holyoke 
presided and introduced as the first speaker 
Dr. Arthur H. Smith, the great expert in 
Missions in China. Mr. Momay Williams 
spoke for the Laymen's Movement; Mrs. 
Montgomery very fittingly made the last 
address, which was, by actual count, her 
two hundred and ninth delivered in 
the interests of the Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Jubilee. The Committee feels 
confident that the million goal has been 
reached. 



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The darkest place in the world is in the hearts of some American women who 
don't know and don't care and are still thinking eighteenth century thoughts in 
this twentieth century, blind to the great truths of a tmified world, a common 
himianity, and one (xreat Father. Only Christianity has a gospel for women. 

Think what would come to pass if the privileged, educated women of the 
leisure class were to form a great sisterhood of service and league of love. 

— /trs. /fomtgffmgry. 



MISSIONS 



OUR OBJECTIVE: TEH CERTS PEK WEEK PER 
MEMBER AS THE HIHIMUM FOR MISSIONS 



West Virgiiua Meetings 

BY DISTKICT SECRETARY STUMP 

Baptist Laymen's Banquets were held 
March 13-17, at Clarksburg, Parkersburg, 
Huntington and Morgantown, West Virginia, 
and at Uniontown, Pa. Dr. Stackhouse and 
Mr. Momay Williams of New York were 
the speakers. There were present at Clarks- 
burg 270 men, representing at least i3 
churches; at Parkersburg rjo men, repre- 
senting II churches; at Huntington 280 men, 
representing 9 churches; at Moi^antown 80 
men, representing 4 churches; and at Union- 
town 167 men, representing several churches. 

It is needless to say that the speeches were 
of a high order, and were enthusiastically 
received. The men at each place passed 
strong resolutions linking themselves up to 
1 bold forward movement in missionary 
giving. It it believed that they see the 
need of missionaiy work in a new light, and 
that they feel their responsibility in a way 
that will call out their united strength to a 
d^ree hitherto unknown among us. One 
pastor told the writer that several days after 
the meeting his men were saying, "It is the 
greatest thing I ever saw"; "My wife made 
RK go, but I would not have missed it for 
ten dollars"; and such declarations were quite 
common among fifty-eight men who chartered 
a car and traveled twenty-live miles and 
back to be at the banquet. 

The suppers were veritable feasts at every 
place, and the men did full justice 10 that 
feature of die occasion. T}ie supper is, 
after all, a secondary consideration, and if 
the writer were consulted he believes that he 
would venture the suggestion that the supper 
should be veiy simple and all put on the 
table at mice, so that not more than thirty 
minutei ihould be consumed in eating. 



Much time needed for 

allofthes 
[Thirty 

digestion. 



mportant 
arily consumed at nearly 
; great meetings. 

minutes would be too near the 
me for meals and perilous to 
Then, Secretary Stump does 
not seem to realize fully the value of the 
sociability feature of the feast. There is a 
happy medium in time and quantity, but 
make it at least fifty minutes, Mr. Secretaiy, 
and then chew well and talk cheerily. — 
Ed.] 

* 
Missionary Conferences 

BY DISTRICT SECRETARY MAXWELL 

In line with the Laymen's Missionary 
Movement the Secretaries of the Southeast 
District have held a number of Missionary 
Conferences, and in connection with many 
of them a laymen's banquet. Though Dr. 
Stackhouse could attend but two of these, 
yet his spirit and method have been followed 
in them all. Three were held in New 
Jersey, at Cape May Court House, Bridge- 
ton and Salem. Secretaries Dewolf, Dobbins, 
Musselman and Maxwell conducted these. 
Seventeen have been held in Pennsylvania — 
at Lewisburg, Sunbury, Williamsport, Lans- 
ford, Berwick, Picture Rocks, Punxsu- 
tawney, Warren, Titusville, New Bethlehem, 
New Brighton, Waynesburg, Washington, 
Le wist own, Harris burg, Uniontown and 
Wilkesbarre. At the last two Dr. Stack- 
house was present, and of course the meet- 
ings were on a larger scale. At Uniontown 
one hundred and seventy men sat down to 
the banquet; Dr. Stackhouse and Dr. 
Lerrigo were the speakers. At the others 
Secretaries Stephens, Soars and Maxwell, 
together with W. H. Leslie, M.D., of the 
Congo, filled the program. Rev. D. E. 



34» 



MISSIONS 



Lewis, State Chairman of the Stewardship 
Committee, attended several and gave 
tplendid service. Hon. Joshua Levering of 
Baltimore was the principal speaker at 
Harrisbuig. At most of these meetings an 
afternoon service was held, and generally 
well attended. At all places the interest of 
Missions was presented, and several hun- 
dred subscriptions were taken. Pastors have 
given heaity co-operation. " Budget Hours " 
marked the programs in which, in order to 
better understanding, questions were asked 
and answered. The room where every meet- 
ing was held was hung with a full set of 
Laymen's Movement charts. This work 
goes on, and other such meetings are already 
arranged for May, and beyond. 
* 
Dr. Stackhotue's Itineruy 
The April Laymen's Meetings included 
banquets at Duluth, St. Paul and Minne- 
apolis; Oshkosh, Fond du Lac, Milwaukee 
and Madison, Wisconsin; Jackson, Saginaw 
and Lansing, Michigan, and South Bend, 
Indiana. 



The time from May i to ii is to be spent 
in Chicago. May II there will be a banquet 
at Fort Wayne, Ind., and the week following 
will be given to Indiana, at points to be 
determined upon. From May 19 to 29 there 
will be meetings in Kansas, Oklahoma and 
ColoradA. June I the Secretary will be at 
the Camden Association at Haddoniield, N.J. 
* 
An Efficient Forermuur 

Secretary Padelford of the Massachusetts 
Missionary Society, has been rendering most 
efficient service as advance agent in setring 
up the meetings and conferences. The 
willingness of his Society to give him leave 
of absence is greatly appreciated by the 
Laymen's Movement. Not only is he ad- 
mirable as an executive, but we have few 
men who can so effectively present the cause. 
Secretary Stackhouse has been foitunate, 
indeed, in the character and efficiency of all 
his helpers, comprising missionaries and 
district and state secretaries. In the follow- 
up work they have secured permanent re- 
sults that will tell for years to come. 



MISSIONS 



Tbe Kennedy Fund 
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Mis- 
ha* recently received ^2,300,000 the 
t of the late John S. Kennedy of 
fork, which is the largest single gift 
: kind on record. Anticipating the 
he officers of the board have planned 
ibilitatc a laige number of misaion 

I with much-needed appliances and 
I, and lome time ago called for 
xa to diis end. The specifications 
involve an outlay of over {3,000,000, 
pan of i^ich will be expended. A 

soidon will be used for educational 
rai^elinic work and a conservative 

II be placed in a reserve fund. Nearly 
lotuand schools, hospitals and dis- 
iet win get appropriations. 

A Significant Step 

conference of Sunday-school workers 

ilJMippi, attended exclusively by 

t representing Methodists, Bap- 

, Presbyterians, and a few 

I, > sum of money was raised 

E'^ engage for a year a secretaiy to 

!Cd Sunday schools of the State, of 

• bodies, to improve their courses 

otherwise advance their 

"Ai a means of helping the 

b a State wherein they need help 

i almost any other," says Bishop 

"it ii important, but it is significant 

• should have dope it. The South 

I would not have deemed the thing 

I one year ago." 

A Peace Congress 

Tliird National Peace Congress will 
I May 3-5 in Johns Hopkins Uni- 
Balamore. Two leading lines of 



peace work will be discussed: First, the 
awakening of the public conscience against 
the folly and injustice of war, together with 
the economic waste of universal armaments; 
second, the practical means of making war 
difficult by establishing institutions to take 
away the excuse for war. The first congress 
was held in New York in 1907, the second 
in Chicago in 1909. In addition to the regu- 
lar session at Baltimore, special addresses 
will be directed to school teachers assembled. 
President Taft is to open the sessions on 
Wednesday afternoon. May 3. 

The Influence of Example 

The Catholic Extension Society has 
issued a call for a Catholic Women's Mis- 
sionary Movement. The Society mentions 
the Movements of Protestant women, and 
describes the Protestant women's mission- 
ary societies. It believes Catholic women 
can do as much, perhaps more, and it calls 
for the formation of branches. It also 
expresses the hope that enough branches may 
be formed to make possible the inauguration 
of a National Movement at the Missionary 
Congress which is to be held next year. 
Especially does the Society urge Catholic 
women to organize to care for children of 
Catholic parents, those bom here and those 
coming here the sons and daughters of im- 
migrants. Two rules are suggested, a 
prayer, "O Philip of Neri, pray for us," and 
a one-day-a-year sacrifice amounting in 
value to fifty cents at least. 

A Suggestive Definition 

The country church (and its allies) is 
to maintain and enlarge both individual and 
community ideals, under the inspiradon and 
guidance of the religious morive, and to help 



344 



MISSIONS 



rural people to incarnate these ideals in 
personal and family life, in industrial effort 
and political development, and in all social 
relationships. Definition given in Kenyon 
L. Butterfield's "The Task of the Country 
Church." 

A Home Field 

A Southern Baptist authority says it is 
estimated that there are in the Southern 
Baptist Convention 4,000 churches without 
houses of worship. In a total number of 
22,438 this is a pretty large proportion. One 
in six unable to build a church home speaks 
of conditions to be changed. The Home 
Mission Board gives about ;$75,ooo a year 
to this purpose, mostly out of the general 
missionary fund. The statement is also 
made that 10,000 of the churches of the 
Southern Baptist Convention give nothing 
to missions. That would seem to be good 
home field to work. 

A Civilizing Agent 

The railroad is going to open up Asia 
Minor to commerce and change. Germany 
has signed contracts to complete the Bagdad 
railway, extending across Asia Minor and 
Mesopotamia, with branches connecting 
with the Russian system in Northern Persia 
and to the Persian Gulf. France is to build 
railroads in European Turkey, through 
agreements with Russia and Great Britain. 
The engine of civilization is the locomotive. 
The unknown Persian and the unspeakable 
Turk will soon be revolutionized by publicity. 

A Good Work 

The General Education Board has given 
if6o,ooo for the endowment of Fisk Univer- 
sity, the oldest college of the Congregational 
American Missionary Association, founded 
in 1866. Fisk has 450 students, and a half 
million endowment is sought. We trust that 
the Board has decided to enter more largely 
into the educational work for the colored 
people. 

Missions in China 

From the China Mission T^ear Book 
(first issue 1910) these statistics are taken 
as to the work of Protestant Missions in 
China for 1908-09: Missionary Societies, 91 ; 
foreign missionaries, including medical, 
4.,299; Chinese workers, including 487 



ordained pastors, 1 1 9661; statkMit, 3,485 
(670 of them with resident missionaiy); 
primary schools, 2,029; scholin^ 45f730> 
intermediate, high schools and colleges, 
1,116; students, 34,064; number of congre- 
gations, 2,341; baptized Christian com- 
munity, 195,905; total Christian community, 
278,628; hospitals, 170; dispensaries, 133; 
in-patients, 45,188; out-patients, 897,011. 
Chinese contributions to church, 1(298,687 
(Mex.). This shows a quite remarkable 
progress since the Martyr Year (1900). 
The number of communicants increased in 
the decade from 80,682 to 195,905. The 
higher institutions of learning increased from 
105 with 4,285 students to 1,116 with 34,064. 
The foreign mission force was doubled, and 
the native mission workers more than 
doubled. The figures of the last year would 
give still further increase. 

The Bible a Peace Maker 

The celebration of the Bible tercentenary 
is being made the occasion for earnest 
demonstrations in behalf of international 
arbitration. We take it that this is more 
than our human fondness for tying up to 
subjects that happen to be to the fore in 
the day's news. That Mr. Taft's proposals 
for a comprehensive British-American arbi- 
tration treaty should have come just in the 
three hundredth year of the English Bible, 
as we know it today, is a coincidence; but 
it is one of the dramatic coincidences that 
impose themselves upon the popular imag- 
ination because of their extraordinary apt- 
ness. In a very real sense the Bible has 
been, to use Mr. Taft's words, the precious 
tie that has bound together the Old and 
New Worlds. The book has been not merely 
a common heritage for the two peoples; it 
has played a most important role in the 
actual peopling of the new continent from 
the old. It was because men in the seven- 
teenth century read their Bibles differentl) 
that New England was founded. Today th 
tendency is to pick out in the Bible wh? 
all men can agree on. Its actual histo' 
has been that of a beneficently disrupri 
and a beneficently unifying force. 

— New IT ark Evening Post 

DGziG DCGnDanGaDDaDDDnDnnaac 

PLAN FOR PHILADELPHU 
June 13 to 25 



MI SS I ONS 



Baptist Daj in PhUadeiphia 
An Examiner correspondent in Phila- 
delphia says: "For once we are to have a 
great Baptist day, observed all over the woild. 
it is to be Sunday, June 25, the one Lord's 
Day when the Baptist World Alliance will be 
in session in this city. A common program 
is in preparation for use in eveiy Baptist 
church or Sunday school, if so desired. 
Think of a Baptist service on the same day 
belting the entire worldl Surely our God is 
marching on, and the Baptists are not at the 
tear of die procession. As here in this city 
there rang out, July 4, 1776,3 message which 
has been 'heard round the world,' so on 
June 25, i9ii,shal] go forth from our borders 
another message that shall tell how the king- 
doms of this world are becoming the one 
kingdom ofour Lord and of his Christ. This 
message, too, shall be heralded to earth's 
remotest bound. Baptist day will be one of 
the great days in the world's history." 

« 
L«t the People b« Heard 
Congregationaliit; The psychological 
moment may have arrived for the adoption 
of a treaty between the United Slates and 
Great Britain for the submission to arbitra- 
tion of all matters of difference of whatever 
nature which may arise between them. It 
has been suggested by President Taft, 
heattily and formally commended to the 
British Pariiament by Sir Edward Grey, and 
is indorsed also by the leader of the Tory 
patty, Mr. Balfour. It is being enthusiastic- 
ally urged by the spokesmen of the churches 
of all denominations in both countries. It 
is favored by political leaders of all parties. 
Unofficial voices of approval come from other 
nations — France, Germany, Italy. We be- 
lieve public aentiment will support it over- 
whelmingly. So great a step toward inter- 



national peace established on a firm basis, 
however, cannot be quickly or easily taken. 
A treaty of similar chara«er was sent to the 
Senate by President Cleveland as long ago 
as 1S9;. The Senate refused to enact this 
treaty. Only the insistence of public opinion 
through press, pulpit and platform, can secure 
the acceptance by our government of the 
policy of perpetual international peace. Over 
nine hundred meetings were held in England 
on a Saturday and Sunday in support of the 
proposed treaty of arbitration. Resolutions 
were passed in its favor by representatives of 
ten thousand Free Churches. 



Baptists the Host numerous 
Commonwealth: "Statements now come 
from Dr. H. K. Carroll of the Methodist 
Missionary Society, that the Baptists ate 
the largest Protestant body of Christians in 
the United States, numbering 5,454,873- 
The Methodists number 5,^53,529- The 
two stay close together." 

Ho Sectionalism Wanted 

Journal and Messenger: "We deprecate 
the raising of the question about the claims 
of ditfereni sections of the country. True, 
we have two great missionary organizations. 
Northern and Southern, but the Baptists of 
America are one people. They intermingle 
unreservedly. They stand for the same 
great truths. Ministers and laymen go un- 
questioned from one section of the countiy 
to another, and find themselves honored and 
beloved. It is not, and ought not to be, a 
question between North and South, and that 
argument ought not to be raised, ought to go 
for nothing. If there is in the southern 
section a pastor who has held his place and 
done as good work for so many years as 



346 



MISSIONS 



has Dr. Robert Stuart MacArthur, of New 
York, let him be named, and let us decide 
between the two; but let us say nothing 
about North or South. Let us all be one, 
when we reach Philadelphia in June. 

The Church's Function 

The Standard: "If the church does not 
believe in herself she cannot expect others 
to believe in her. Unfortunately for many 
local churches they spend their entire energies 
in preserving their own lives. Instead of a 
group of Christian people banded together 
to minister to the community life and to 
extend the kingdom of God, they appear to 
be intent upon maintaining an existence. 
They are few in numbers and weak finan- 
cially. To keep going means constant 
struggle. We may not blame them, but 
to the looker-on it appears as if the end 
which they have in view is an organization 
and its perpetuation rather than service. 
And does it not sometimes happen that 
a church loses sight of the great reason for 
its existence? Whenever the institution 
and its perpetuation takes the place of the 
redemption of the world as the end in view, 
then the church ceases to perform its true 
function and its testimony fails to convince 
bystanders that it holds a place of importance 
in the kingdom of God." 

« Dangerous Immigrants" 

Christian Work and Evangelist; "Some- 
thing of the tremendous importance of our 
immigration problem is reflected in the 
annual report just made to the New York 
State Legislature by Cornelius V. Collins, 
Superintendent of the State Prisons. He 
says: 'The trend of foreign criminals to the 
United States during the last few years is, 
in a large measure, responsible for the un- 
paralleled increase of the prison population 
of the State. More than fifty-four per cent 
of the increase is directly chargeable to this 
cause,' he continues, 'and it is undoubtedly 
true that the influence and example of this 
class of criminals are responsible for some, 
at least, of the crimes for which men of the 
other classes mentioned were imprisoned. 
In the prisons those aliens are a great 
expense to the State and a hindrance to the 
^flFective application of reformatory and dis- 



ciplinary methods.' No American desires to 
close our country's gates against any desirable 
foreigner. But the protection of our nation's 
best interests demands eternal vigilance to 
prevent the admission of men and women 
to whom liberty only means criminal ticense. 
Keep out all enemies of law and order!" 

How Far Does This Go? 

Watchman: "The statements of Professor 
Betteridge of the Rochester Theological 
Seminary that he found Roman Catholic 
priests in Rome, in the libraries of the 
Catholic educational insdtudons ignoring 
the syllabus of the Pope against Modernism, 
was fairly startling. He said that the writ- 
ings of Modernists are in common use by 
the students of the Catholic college. It has 
been assumed that the decree and syllabus 
of the Pope were obeyed by all Roman 
Catholic priests and students as a matter of 
course. If they are ignored and disobeyed 
in Rome, it would be interesung to know 
how far they are being obeyed throughout 
the Roman Catholic world. 

Progressive or ^ ? 

Advance: "There is no greater mistake 
in religion than to think that a religious 
journal, a church or a minister must give 
up the faith to be progressive. Doubt and 
denial do not make progress. In nature 
winter is negation; in religion negation is 
winter. Winter puts the land into cold 
storage; negation puts the church into cold 
storage. A pulpit devoted to doubting and 
denying is like Medicine Hat on the weather 
map. Its message is a northwest wind, a 
cold wave which sends the mercury of the 
church down toward zero. A Winnipeg 
pastor says that he sometimes has to wear 
an overcoat in his pulpit. There are churches 
where the men in the pews need fur over- 
coats to keep the sermon from chilling them 
to the heart. A progressive religious journal 
cannot stand for this kind of religion. To 
do so would only hinder religious progress." 




MISSIONS 



CORDUCTCD B7 SECRETARY JOHlf H. HOORE 



Taking Stock 

Liabilities 
month in this depaitment 
planted, with what we 
I was pardonable pride, to 
fine aueu of the Baptist 
irard Movement for Mis- 
ary Education. We are 
id to acknowledge also 
The money that is being 
invested, and the good will of paston and 
other church workers which has been en- 
joyed, puts us under heavy obligation to the 
churches. 

1. FiDBLrrr to modbkn education 
IDEALS. Nowhere has more remarkable 
progress been made during recent years than 
in the realm of education. Here a quiet 
revolution has been wrought. Old things 
have passed away. Religious education, 
alas, has not always kept pace with the 
progress of general education. But the 
formation of the Religious Education Asso- 
ciation a few years ago has brought together 
on one platform the men and women who 
are interested in religious education, that 
they may make common cause of this funda- 
mental task. 

Periiaps the most distinctive difference 
between the new point of view and the old 
in religious education is the method of 
approach. The old education taught tub- 
jtett. The new education teaches people. 
The old education started with a body of 
truth, which must somehow be incorporated 
in the life of the pupil. The new edi 
starts with a devdt^ing pei 






seeks to find from the great wealth of truth 
at its disposition that particular truth that is 
specially called for at each st^ of the un- 



folding life. In missionaiy education this 
contrast is striking. Missionaiy education 
in the Sunday school, for example, a few 
years ago, was primarily a method of exploit- 
ing the Sunday school in the interests of the 
missionary cause. Tlie prime thing was a 
good missionaiy collection. Now it is recog- 
nized that great as is the contribution which 
the Sunday school can make to missions, 
the contribution that missions can make to 
the Sunday school is still greater. Mis- 
sionary material is, therefore, introduced 
primarily because of its value in the develop- 
ment of large statured Christian manhood 
and womanhood. The Forward Movement 
will seek to bring its material and methods 
more and more into harmony with the best 
ideals of modem education. 

,1. The UNiPiCATioN of missionary edu- 
cation IN THE LOCAL CHURCH. There have 
been in the past, and there still are, many 
agencies and many methods. Our denomi- 
nation has gone a step farther than most of 
our sister churches in that the Baptist For- 
ward Movement for Missionary Education 
is the common clearing house of all our 
national, general and woman's missionary 
societies. What is needed now, however, is 
a piece of construaive work for the unifica- 
tion of the many methods and the mass of 
material available for the program of the 
local church. It must frankly be admitted 
that the average pastor or church worker 
finds himself confused by the very wealth and 
variety of suggestions made. What is 
needed, and what the Forward Movement 
promises to provide soon, is a flexible, com- 
prehensive plan for missionary education 
in the local church, constructed upon broad 
lines, providing for every department of the 
church's activity, and adaptable to condi- 



348 



MISSIONS 



tions obtaining both in the backward church 
with poor equipment, and in that which is 
highly organized. Obviously this is no easy 
task. 

3. Increasing financial returns. 
From the very first the Forward Movement 
has stedfastly adhered to an educational 
rather than a financial policy. When the 
Movement was formed, it was clearly under- 
stood that it should be in no sense a collecting 
agency. Of course, emphasis has been 
placed upon missionary giving as a part of 
the expressional activity essential to a com- 
plete educational program. It would there- 
fore be as unfair as it is impossible to judge 
the work of such a movement by immediate 
financial returns. The completion of four 
years since the formation of the Movement 
does, however, show some tangible returns. 
One single piece of work has brought into 
the treasuries of the societies more than the 
entire annual expense of the Movement, so 
that it can fairly be said that the Forward 
Movement is now more than paying its own 
way, thus making clear gain the results to 
be gathered in the years to come when the 
boys and girls now being trained become 
the men and women of the churches. 

The present Proportionate Givers Census 
Campaign will moreover bring immediate 
tangible results. These, of course, can only 
be estimated, but judging by well known 
precedents, the fact that upwards of one 
thousand pastors will distribute four leaflets 
on proportionate giving, following them by 
a defihite appeal to their people to commit 
themselves to this practice, many pastors 
supplementing this work with special ser- 
mons and prayer meetings devoted to the 
subject, cannot fail to mean an increase of 
many thousands of dollars in the giving of 
the churches. Such work as the Forward 
Movement is doing continually is cumulative 
in its eflPects. Again, it pledges to the 
denomination a, Campaign that shall not 
be merely theoretical, but thoroughly prat- 
cical, bringing back again into the treasu- 
ries that support it a stream of money 
that shall increase in volume as the years 
pass. 



John Rangiah's **Why Hot?*' 

LETTER FROM A HINDU MISSIONARY IN SOUTH 

AFRICA 

Dear Editor: In. the columns of the 
Missions of October last, we read about the 
rapid increase of Hindu populadon in San 
Francisco. I take it to be one of the signs of 
the day. The Far East and the Far West arc 
joining together. And not only the religion 
of Christ is being carried into the midst of 
the heathen nations, but the heathen nations 
themselves gradually and unnoticingly are 
approaching and getting mingled with the 
Christian nations. 

Now is the time, I am sure, for the gospel 
and its high and pure doctrines to be placed 
before those Hindu people at San Francisco 
and elsewhere. At this very early day, when 
the roots of heathenism not yet have taken 
deep hold, when the heathen beliefs and 
practices have not yet branched out and 
spread wide, and when the worship and 
services of the heathen god have not yet 
raised its towers high up in the sky, the mild 
and gentle gospel of Christ, with all its con- 
quering and quickening powers, is well to 
make a start to Christianize those Hindus. 
Here in Natal, South Africa, where hundreds 
of Hindus flow in every year, the gospel was 
late in start and slow in its progress, so 
much so that we repent for lost opportunity, 
when we see the influence of the devil 
amongst these people to be as sad and 
grievous as in India. 

The means of carrying the gospel to those 
Indians in America seems very feasible. 
Any missionary who previously worked in 
India, and who is just now a stay at home, 
can kindly take pity on them. Perhaps the 
missionary might not speak the same dialect 
which those Indians do, but he can pick it up 
very soon, as the Indian dialects are more or 
less similar to one another. 

Why not one of our Baptist missionaries 
take up the opportunity and pity those 
souls ? 

Yours obediently, 

John Rangiah. 

Kearney^ Natal, South Africa, 



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Remember the Philadelphia dates: June 13 to 25 
Remember to inform the Entertainment Committee 
as to what kind of place and what rate you wish 



MISSIONS 



B Baptist World AlUaace and 
HisBiona 

E meeting of the Alliance ought 
) ^ve us a fresh grasp and 
tation of our missionary task, 
nissionary crisis of the time in 
we live has become a common- 
n our thinking, so completely so, 
t, that it has lost its power of 

in lar^ measure. Nevertheless, 
:d constantly to be brought to a 
ealization of it. The missionary 
rise is the best anridote to our 
alism, and is the sovereign cor- 

agency for a thousand-ills in the 
al life. Baptists share with all 
bodies the gr^at missionary obli- 
, But in Europe today, especially 
sia, there are opportunities which 
supreme significance to the Bap- 
Our principles are the antitheses 
ope an despotism in all its forms, 
e rise of a powerful Baptist move- 
is most logical, as being a new 
Ic of the law that action and 



reaction are equal. Shall we seize the 
opportunity and hear the call of this 
new man of Macedonia ? Shall a school 
be provided for the education of 
European preachers ? The Alliance 
meering ought to answer this and other 
related questions. In fact, the meeting 
of the Alliance must surely bring home 
to us as never before the vital and 
fundamental place held by education in 
our whole conception of Christianity. 
There is not a principle held by us which 
does not carry at its heart the educational 
ideal, and most of all the principle of a 
regenerated church membership. Our 
witness to truth cannot survive in 
power if the lamp of learning grows dim 
among us. 

The Alliance will give us fresh spirit- 
ual vision and sense of mission, will 
draw us close to Jesus Christ and to one 
another, and to a world that needs us 
and which waits for us athirst for the 
water of life which it is our privilege 
to bear to its parched lips. — E. Y. 
MuLLiNs, LL.D. 



FROM THE FAR LANDS 



DE INFORMATION FOR TRAVELERS 

ists contemplating travel in the Orient 
ipreciate the welcome extended to 
y Mr. R. D. StaflTord of Shanghai, 
ifford, who went to China in 1909, 
he auspices of the Foreign Mission 



en spending his 
Ningpo, has 



Society, and who has since b 

time in language study : 

recently been appointed n 

and business agent for the East China 

Mission. His headquarters are in Shanghai, 

at No. 26 Range Road, located in an easily 



350 



MISSIONS 



accessible part of the city. Mr. Stafford 
extends a cordial invitation to all Baptists 
stopping at Shanghai to call and see him. 
He will gladly give them any assistance possi- 
ble and upon request mli undertake to make 
arrangements for them to visit the nearer 
inland mission stations where they will get 
a glimpse of the actual life of the Chinese 
people and can see at first hand the progress 
of the various kinds of mission work. 

A GOOD REPORT FROM HSIPAW 

All the work is in a prosperous and 
promising condition; 115 children are in 
school; 65 children were in the Sunday 
school last Sunday, and 74 were present at 
the morning preaching service. — W. W. 
Cochrane, Hsipaw, Burma. 

MISSIONARY POSSIBILITIES IN RUSSIA 

Rev. C. £. Petrick, missionary at Sibsagor, 
Assam, while on furlough, is spending much 
of his time in touring among the churches of 
Eastern Europe. He sends this interesting 
news regarding changing conditions in 
Russia : 

"There is liberty now to do evangelistic 
work in Russia, and the government permits 
public meetings and conferences. A law is 
before the Duma (the Russian parliament) 
to give entire liberty to Protestant mission 
work in Russia, so that Protestant Mission 
Societies may be permitted to work in the 
Russian Empire among the Mohammedans, 
heathen (for there are still such within the 
Russian empire), nominal Christians and 
Jews. If the law is passed, the whole em- 
pire will be open to mission work." 

OVER THE TEACUPS 

The Seniors in our Training School have 
preached several Sunday mornings during 
this quarter, and we have been much pleased 
with the improvement they show. We cer- 
tainly hope that they will be able to preach 
to their own people better than any foreigner 
can. The work of street and street-chapel 
preaching, the teaching of the Bible class 
and superintending the Sunday school have 
been shared by both classes. For a time the 
students made an effort at personal work in 
the tea-shops. They scattered among the 
different shops, and over their cups of tea 
entered in to conversation with the others 
at their tables, leading the conversation to 
religious subjects whenever possible. — 
. C. A. Salquist, Yachow, West China. 



j^eug] 



A UNIQUE PLAN 

In the campaign among the laymen 
varioiis ways of presenting the cause are 
made use of by the different missionaries 
taking part. Rev. A. C. Bowers of Goal- 
para, Assam, chooses five or six young 
people from the church where the meeting 
is to be held, and on these native costumes 
are draped, showing the evolution of the 
heathen from the savage attire of the Garos 
to the full dress of the Bengali. By this 
expository method those present not only 
hear, but see what the evolution of the 
Christian from the heathen accomplishes 
in the outward man. 

WHEN LOSS OF FACE DOES NOT MATTER 

A year ago an old lady refused baptism 
in one of the out-stations because of the 
publicity of it and because of fearing to 
"lose her face" by being laughed at. It is 
not an easy thing for these women who 
have lived largely in the homes, unseen and 
unsung, to come out to some canal for 
baptism by the foreigner in full sight of an 
unsympathetic and jeering crowd. Yet last 
autumn this woman asked for baptism. 
She had not ceased coming to church, and 
seemed to be growing in grace. "Venerable 
old lady, why is it you ask for baptism after 
refusing it last year?" I questioned. She 
replied, "Teacher, I am now past sixty and 
heaven is near. To hearken to the Lord's 
commandment is of greater importance than 
saving one's face." — James V. Latimer, 
Huchow, East China. 

BRIGHT PROSPECTS FOR KIMPESI 

In October, at the set time, all the old 
students with the exception of four came 
back with a splendid new class of eleven 
men, their wives and children. We now 
have students in each of the three years of 
our course of study. The enthusiasm for 
the school grows and the prospect for in- 
creased attendance is brighter than ever, 
The desire to learn, the moral quality of the 
men and the women, and their enthusiasm 
for the work of preaching the gospel and 
teaching their own people to read and write 
and study the Bible are more hopeful signs, 
and in some cases more than would be 
expected of men so recently heathen in every 
line of thought and action. Many children 
come with the students, and are willing to 
become baby tenders in order that they may 



5^'(ii3 



MISSIONS 



351 



be accepted in the elementary school which 
we maintain as a model school in the practise 
of teaching, and which is taught by the 
students in the Training School. The 
children of the student families, together 
with these baby tenders, make up a school 
of over forty boys and girls. This school 
is a source of little expense to the institution. 
The desire to learn is what brings the 
students here. — S. £. Moon, Kimpesi, 
Africa. 

MISSIONARY ADDRESSES 

Rev. G. L. Mason, formerly an efficient 
missionary of the Foreign Society, has pre- 
pared five addresses on missionary topics, 
the outgrowth of his eighteen years of work 
in Eastern China, and would be glad to give 
them on terms within the reach of churches 
or young people's sociedes. In this way he 
hopes still to serve the cause of missions. He 
can be communicated with at 73 Church 
Street, Wateitown, Mass. The address on 
"Missionaiy Pioneering in Unfriendly Re- 
gions'' is illustrated with costumes. That 
on "China's Heroic Struggle against Opium " 
is especially rimely. Those who have heard 
the addresses warmly commend them. 

TURA HOSPITAL DEDICATED 

Just before we