(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Sertum orchidaceum?a wreath of the most beautiful orchidaceous flowers /selected by John Lindley."

I -, 



^■^■m 








I 

[ 



^ 

xs 




* 



K ^ml M 



IWM4 »« 



* 



I _ 






I 






SERTUM 



ORCHIDACEUM 



WKKATII 



or 



THE MOST BEAUTIFUL 



ORCHIDACEOUS FLOWERS; 



SELECTED 



BY JOHN LnyjJUEJf, Ph.D. F.R.S. 
rnoFBSSOR op botany in university college, London, and in the royal institution or 

GREAT BRITAIN, ETC. F.TC. 



L () N 1) N : 
JAMES RIDGWAY AND .SONS, PICCADILLY. 



V 



MDCCCXXXVIII, 

Mo.B©(, '■—';-, 
IMW- 



TO 



TIM-: MOST XOIU.R 



WILLIAM SPENCER CAVENDISH. 



DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, K.O, 



inc. ET<\ PTT. 



TUB MUNIFICENT PATKON OF ARTi 



Till: PRINCELY FRIEND OF SCIENCE, 



ESPECIALLY OF BOTANY, 



AT WllOSt; COMMAND THE NOIILE PALACE AM) OAILDKN* or 



CIIATSWORTH 



RAVE BEEN CHEATED, KATUEK THAN RESTORED. 



IN THE HEART OF THE WILD HILLS OF DEKHYS1U KE f 



THIS HISTOKV 



OF SOME OF THE MOST UEAli'ini. 



OF HIS FAVoriUTF. FLOWEUS 



IS (tllATEETLLY IKSCIU UKD HY 



MIS (ilLU IVS 



MOST FAITIIFL'L AND DEVOTED SERVANT, 



TIIK Al'TIKML 




I^^^^H 



FRONTISPIECE. 



A WREATH OF EAST INDIAN OBCHIDACEyE. 




Tlit? fi^iin:* h<n given toimiwltcod magnified iicw* of the fiorcri employed in forming th* wraith ■ct«*od at a frtmlitpicc* to lliit 
*ocfc. IV ntimbrr* In Unh f.w* rufor to tho** in Uic following Awintioa*. 



I. MONOilEKIA BABBATA. 



Monoincria barbata. Genera §■ Species of Orchidacc^ payc 01. 
Dendrobium tripctalum. Wallich ms$. 



All that is known of this rare and very curious plant is derived from a drawing and some 
i';:i' :.'■'! dried specimens brought from India hy Dr. Wallich, who found the plant in N > - 1 - : . 1 in the 
year 1831. 

Its chief peculiarity consists in the absence of petals ; a very curious and unusual circumstance 
in this natural order of plants. Dr. Wallich indeed represents them to he present in the form of a 
Aronfupitfc* a 




fTS'iA 



■ 



ragged line interposed on each side of the column between the upper and lateral sepals, as is shewn 
in the accompanying figure, Xo. 1 ; but 1 have not been able to make out this fact in the few and 
bad dried (lowers brought under examination. 

The plant has quite the habit of a large BolbophyllunL From a Inrgc creeping scaly riiizoma 
spring at considerable intervals ovate ps kudo-bulbs, ;it first covered with the ragged remains of the 
scales out of which tbev originnlly proceeded ; each t-* about two inches long, and bears u single 
leaf. The leaves are rather less than a fool long, oblong, leathery, deep green, vein less, obtuse, a 
little downy beneath, will* the channelled footstalk nearly as long as the blade. The hacuhf. is 
rather shorter than the leaf, erect, proceeding from the base of a pseudo-bulb, pale green spotted with 
dull purple, with about two sheathing scales below the origin of the first flowers. Each PLOW&R 
when fully expanded in about an inch long, with the lip and upper sepal placed transversely with 
respect to the axis of growth. Of the sepal* the upper is triangular, acuminate, nearly plain, dullolrre 
green, much shorter than the two lateral ones, which are placed below the lip, a little united with 
each other at (he base, where they arc fixed upon the long foot of the column in such a way as to 
form a kind of bhmt spur; on the outside they arc very light green, smooth and dotted with light 
purple ; on the inside they are hair)*, yellowish, and irregularly spotted with bright purple. The 
PETALS appear to me to be wholly absent ; but iu Dr. WallichV figure they arc represented as two 
ragged lines. The nnv.nrv i* articulated with a very long foot of the column, horizontal, dull 
yellow, ihrec-lobcd, the lateral lobe* being falcate and cmarginate. the intermediate otic ovate, with 
four continuous acute plates, united into pairs, parallel with its margin. The column is short, half 
round, extended at the base into a long slender curved foot* on which the sepal* and labeltum are 
inserted : with the two upper angles in front produced into short points. The antiidi is downy, 
one-celled, with a fleshy cren crest. The pollev-massks are four, on the same plane, the two 
interior being the smallest, and all consolidated into ;i roundish oval hall, without the slightest trace 
of a caudicula or gland. 

Fig* 1. of the above dissections represents a flower of this plant much magnified, with the back 
sepal cut off* 



II. SACCOLABIUM ACUHFOLIUM. 



Saccolabiurn acutifolium. Genera § Species of Orchidaceous Plants^ p. 223* 
Acridcs unibclkthiiiK Waltich mss* 



A pretty epiphyte inhabiting the East Indies, and at present known only from a drawing in the 
possesion of the East India Company, of which, with nil the others forming the wreath before us 
I havo been permitted to take copies, 

Its stems arc about six inches long, ami arc covered by numerous leaves, so disposed as to 
arrange themselves in two rows. Each leap is rather more than six inches long, sessile, slightly 
amplexicaul. oblong-lanceolate, very acute, quite llul and even, and apparently fleshy. The flowers 
appear in small corymbs, placed on stiff peduncles, from two to three inches long, and springing 



* 



I V. CI 1 1 LOSC] [ISTA USNEOIDES, 



Chiloschista usncoidcs. Genera §• Species of Orchidaceous Plants, p. 219. 
Epidendrum usncoidcs. D. Don Prmlromus Floras Ncpalemis, p. 37. 
Acridcs convnllarioidcs. Wallich m&s. 



The lower pari of the wreath, on the left hand, consists entirely of this singular plant, whose 
green entangled roots serve it in place of Icnvcs, of which organs it does not appear to possess a 
trace. This is one in addition to the countless instances of the power with which nature adapts one 
part of n plant to perform the office of another, as if she delighted in displaying the endless variety 
of her resources. Wit hour the green apparatus usually arranged u|ion the stem in the form of u 
loaf, a plant can no more digest its food than an animal deprived of a stomach : without the pale and 
succulent fibres which we call roots, n plant can no more feed than an animal deprived of a mouth ; 
but by combining what is most essential to both organs into one. the root is made both to feed 
according to its proper nature, and in addition to digest like n leaf. That this is the case in the 
present instance is obvious ; by what exact means (lie amalgamation of such different organs as root 
and leaf is effected, remains to be ascertained by some one who can examine the plant in a fresh 



slate. 



Dr. Wallich found it in 1818. growing on the trees in Nopal in many different places, and 
described it to the following effect. Roots consisting of numerous bundles of long, fleshy, glaucous. 
simple fibres. Of leaves there is no trace. Raceme* numerous, arising from the crown of the 
root ; i. e. from the centre of the radical fibres, from six to eight inches long, erect, and downy. 
PBDUSCLB brownish, taper, slender, an inch long : furnished with a few alternate membranous bracts, 
which are ovate, amploxicaul, acute, deciduous, and densely clothed with herbaceous soft semi- 
transparent hairs ; finally passing into a ttcxuose racbis. which becomes elavatc when old. Fiowbm 
stalked, alternate, .he size and colour of Lily of the Valley, but scentless, drooping: placed on 
stalks half an inch long, very slender, with a broad, ovate, subcordntc, and semi transparent acute 
deciduous braet at the base. Segments of the flower oblong, obtuse, spreading ; the petals broader 
than the others, and with the lateral sepals adhering by their whole base to a long foot, which quits 
the luLse of the column almost at a right angle. Lauellum standing at the back of the flower 
gibbons at the base and slightly saccate, very small, attached to the extreme point of the foot of the 
column ; slightly tinged with pink, bearded inside, thrcc-lobed at the apex; the lateral lobes linear 
parallel, obtuse, that in the middle two-toothed and minute, or rather wanting, i, 9 place being sup- 
plied by two little revolute teeth. Column very short. Anther terminal, deciduous, ovate! two- 
celled. Eoxuw-iMsstt two, rounded, two-lobcd at the back, waxy, smooth. Capsule two inches 
long, somewhat cylindrical, pink, curved. 0/«. The four lateral leaves of the perianth being inserted 
at the sides of the much elongated ascending base of the column, almost so that the sepals which 
arc Dearest the labcllum cover very little of the margins of the petals, which occupy the middle of 
the column, may be said to be place.! all in one line. The very base of the column is terminated bv 
tbe laMlum there only inserted. 



Of No. 4. the left hand figure represents the labcllum seen in front, and that on the right a 



flower, both magnified, 



single 






from ihc stem on the side opposite a leaf; they are about three-quarters of an inch in diameter. 
The sepals mid petals arc obovato. acute, spreading, ydlow, and nearly of equal size. I he 
labeiujm i* pale pink, concave at the bate, where it baa a rounded lobe on each ride, and Hat 
beyond the lobes, enlarging into a somewhat triangular thrce-lobed fringed plate. 

Fig. 2, represents the column and lip of tins plant, copied from the drawing above mentioned. 



III, VANDA CKISTATA. 



Vantla cristnta. Genera & 



of Orchidaceous Plants, p. 21fi. 



This species has very much the manner of growth and appearance of SuccoIahUiui frnttntum, 
but it?t flower* are totally different. Dr. W allien found it in March. 1818, growing upon tree* in 
Nepal ; he also obtained it in April at Toku. near Sheopore, on which occasion it was dcserihvd in 
hi* manuscript with the following addition. " Flos cxqiiisiue piilcliritiidinis. Lnbclli consistentia 
crassiasimn, color atropurpureus praccipufc intu* ubi ctiam holoscriccus/* The following; is the 
translation of the more essential parts of the description referred to- 

The shoots arc nWm as thick as the little finger, nearly simple, emitting from the sides near 
the lose thick taper fleshy fibres, adhering to the bark of trees like Vnnda tcsscllnta, to which plant 
it bears much resemblance in habit aad leaves. The LEAV£d arc slid*, spreading, two-ranked, imbri- 
cating each other alternately at (he base, shining, channelled, keeled on the under side, very sharp 
edged, from five to six inches long, and uiiiMliinl of in inch wide, truncated and obliquely threc- 
toothed at the ends. The RACEMES are axillary, generally three or four on the same shoot, scarcely 
long as the leaves, and Iwarinc but few flowers ; (in the figure and ipccimctts before me the pedun- 
cles are three- flowered). The FEBUSCLB8 are fleshy, taper, two or three inches long, having at the 
base a few truncated bracts, together with one broad ovate acute membranous one beneath each 
pedicel. FOOTERS large, fleshy, yellowish green, with a very Urge purple lip. SEPAW fleshy, 
lanceolate, spreading, rather obtuse, about half an inch long, nearly distinct; the lateral ones 
extended a little beyond the origin of the labellum, and adherent to the slightly extended base, of 
the column. PktaIA nearly linear, Laiiki.lvm very thick, saccate at the base, and extended into 
a very short broad sharpish hom. adhering to the fleshy base of the column ; with an ovate, obtuse. 
erect lobe on each side ; upwards exteuded into an oblong blade, which terminates below* the mm 
in a solid short horn, and has above a crest or transverse border running into three or four irrcidiir 
cylindrical processes; on the whole of the upper surface it is covered with watted lines; (on the 
outside it is white; inside it is strongly streaked with purple broken lines), CoLUMK very short, 
thiek. conical Anther terminal, rounded, with two remote distinct cells, 1\h,u:.\.w.\sm:s two 
"lobosc. two-lobed at the Imek. (with a short elastic caudieula, and a very large rounded gland.) 
Ovary with Ax t keeled, projecting nn^lc*. 

Fiff. 3, represents the column and labellum. from a dnnving belonging to the Cast India 
Company. 



V, tJUNIPIA BICOLOK, 



Sunipift bicolor. Genera & Specks of Orchidaceous Plants, p. 179. 
Acrides! obcordatum, Wallich m$$. 



Known only from a drawing in the library of the Earai India Company. U is a native of Nepal, 
having Iwen collected in that province by Or* Wnllicli* 

It forms a small patch of ovate K£ui>o-»u lbs. about as large as marbles, each of which is 
terminated by a narrow-oval slightly stalked obtuse leaf, three inches in length* The racemes are 
erect, rather longer than the leaves, and originate from the base of the pseudo-bulbs ; they boar about 
nine small ringent flowers, arranged upon a llcxuosc slender racing, each of which is subtended by 
a lanceolate colourless iikact, larger than the short obovate ovary. The sepals are white, slightly 
Streaked with purple, ovate-lanceolate ; the two lateral ones being narrower and rather larger than 
the others, placed parallel with each otlicr below the lip, and slightly adhering by their margins. 
The PETALS are while, ovate, bluntifih, rather more than twice as short as the sepal*, with a faint 
purple streak at their base. The ladellum is deep purple, and articulated with a very short foot of 
the column: its general outline is cuneate; in the middle it is flat and fleshy, and traversed by a 
sunken (?) line, at the margin it is serrated, at the apex rounded and emarginate ; just above i)ic 
Imsc there is on each side a small creel auricle. All these things are described from the Indian 
drawing above referred to. 

Fig. G. represents a magnified view of the flower, after the sepal* arc cut off. 



VI. SACCOLABIUM OALCEOLARE, 



Saccolabium calccolare. Genera § Species of Orchidaceous Plants, p. 223. Botanical 

Register for 1838, miscellaneous matter, no. 139. 
Gastrochilus calceolaria. D. Don Prodromus Flora; Ncpalcnsis, p. 32. 
Acrides calccolare. Smith in the article Aerides, in the Supplement to Bees' Cyclopadia. 
Aorides lcopaidinum. Wallich mss. 



A native of Nepal, where it was found by Dr. Wallich, growing upon trees at » place called 

Tok... and Howcring in March. It is not conspicuous for the showbess of its flowers, hut it ia 

exceedingly pretty when closely examined ; its blossoms being found to be elegantly spotted and 

fringed if observed with a little care. Il crista in the collection of His Grace die Duke of Devon- 

Froat'upuct. /, 



shin-, and flowered at Cbauwortli a year or two since; having bowl collected by Mr, Gibson at 
Chirra, on (lie Khoseea lulls, at no elevation of 400 feet, growing on tree*. 

The following i*- I ho substance of Dr. Wallich's description of the dried plant. 

Hoots taperimr, tliick* cylindrical, long, and smooth* as in Saccolnhiuin gQttatum* Stem short, 
thick, compressed, entirely concealed by the sheathing bases of the leave*- Lkavr* close together, 
arranged in two rows, linear. coriaceous, smooth, n foot and more long, obliquely one or two-toothi d 
at the point, generally rising upwards and curved to one side so as to assume a somewhat falcate 
appearance, thick, slightly channelled, with a convex midriti on the under side : llieir sheaths are 
short, compressed, and finely dotted with purple. CoitYuns short *slnlkcd. solitary or twin* each 
Consisting of from toil to sixteen flowers ; with a very thick clavatc peduncle an inch and half long, 
erect or amending, taper, spotted with purple. Flowers middle-sized, yellowish -green, most 
elegantly sprinkled with roundish purple spots. 8c pals spreading, distinct, flc*hy and Miff, SOfflC- 
ubat obovato. obtuse, a little narrower at the base* about four line* long, Petals rather narrower 
and more round. LABELLVM large, bag-shaped, twice as large a* the sepals, smooth ; obtuse at the 
bottom, truncated and almost circular at the mouili. pale yellow : with a transverse plate, of a some- 
what rcniforai figure, inserted horizontally in front, a little below the orilice of the labclhun, auow- 
wlnte. yellow and spotted with purple in the middle, and bearded al>ovc with white hairs, COLUMff 
very short, conical, Antiikk ovate, short. ohlusc. with two cells, themselves half divided into two 
other cells, in front extended into a long double-toothed glandular process applied to the double- 
toothed apex of the stigma. Pollen-masses two, globose, with a little excavation on one side, 
attached to a lout; slender cuudiculn* 

tig* 0. represents a single flower seen in front obliquely, and magnified. 






VI L AEBIDES DIPF01LVE. 



Acridca diflbrme. Wattich in Genera § Species of Orchidaceous Plants, p, 242. 
Oriiithocliihis fusats. Wallich mss. 



This is one of the most singular flower* among the many strange forms peculiar to India, and in 
some respects it possesses considerable beauty, though not of u high order. 

It inhabits the branchc* of trees in Nepal, whence it was sent in March, 1818, to the Botanic 
Oardon, Calcutta, where it flowered in the following May, No specimen of it has fallen in my way, 
hut the Indian drawing made under Dr. Wallieh's superintendence sufficiently explains its structure, 
. ^M-eiidly when ..-mm, -i !.\ so detailed ■ d< leription at the following chii By translated from Dr. 

Wallieh's Latin manuscript*. 

The plant has scarcely any stem, but consists of three or four very broad, oblong spreading 
LEAVES, about lix inches long by two and a half broad, of a thick fleshy consistence, a rather glaucous 
colour ; a very thin membranous margin, and an acute obliquely emarginate point. From the axils 
of tlicsc leaves spring one or two stifl; erect, lax RACBMBS, about as Ion* as the leaves themselves : 
their peduncles taper, dotted, and somewhat fleshy. The bkauts arc few, remote, lanceolate, small, 
acute, adnata at tho base. Flowers scattered, rather small. sweet-scented, yellowish, very slightly 



tinned with preen t and streaked with dull pnrplr, forming* nn oblong raceme nhout the length of tho 
finger, seated tijiou slender pedicels about an inch in length, with n small membranous bmcilct at the 
base* Sepals ond petals nil turned towards the same side, spreading Hal ; of the formorthe lateral 
are somewhat falcate, lanceolate, prominent on their outer margin, scarcely extended beyond tin? 
column, adnata to the base of the lip : the latter are linear* shorter, obtuse. Ladkllum placed ai 
die back of the flower, and hanging down upon it. divided in the middle into two puts; of these 
the lower (or hypochiliniii) i» unguiculate, and extended in from into a long greenish yellow spur, 
which curves upward* and is closed by numerous white hairs, while its margin, of a dull purple, is 
curved inwards: the upper (or epiehilitim) is broad, kidney-shaped, retuse. slightly unguiculate, with 
nn intermediate point, dull purple, with a yellow border divided into fringe-like teeth, and an acute 
longitudinal crest through its centre. The column is erect, thick, purplish, very short, tapering 
upwards into a narrow space, and extended downwards into a short foot. The stigma is large, 
oblique, and extended into a large projection from the upper edge of the anther-bed. Tho anther 
is oblique, obtuse, not crested, and extended in front into a truncated plate which COVOrt over the 
caudicula and gland. Pollen-masses two, round, hard, deeply twodobed at the back, attached to 
a long broad enudiculn. — Note. The structure of this singular tlower is so very intricate that it is 
unusually difficult to describe it correctly. The lateral sepals are united below the slightly extended 
foot of the column, and together with the unguis of the hypoehiliuin form u very short spur : while 
the more conspicuous horndike spur is really the apex of the same part* 

Dr. Wallich named the plant Okxitiiociiilus, or Bird-hill, in allusion to the appearance of the 
column and anther, which together resemble very much a duck's head ; I have however combined it 
with Aeridcs, for the present at least. 

Fig. ?« is a complete (lower, about three times the natural size, copied from Dr. Wallich's 
drawing. 



VIII. SUNIPIA SCARIOSA. 



Sunipiti scariosa. Genera $ Specks of Orchidaceous Plants, p. 179. 
Ornithidium bracteatum. Wallich mss. 



Tliii, the Inst subject in the wreath, was like all the other* found by Dr. Wallich, who mot with 
it in May, 1818. growing upon the branches of trees nt Toka in Nepal, where auch epiphytes nre 
culled SuaipiaHff, whence tile name Snnipia was taken by Dr. Buchanan Hamilton : all those how- 
ever which were described from that traveller's papers by the late Sir James Smith in Rces's 
Cyclopaedia, under the genus Stclis, appear to hove belonged to the genua Bolbophyllum. 

A very loiif- ami minute Latin description of living specimens of this plant, by Dr. Wallich, is 
before me, of which 1 avail myself in pari: with such additions or corrections as the examination of 
dried Bowers in my herbarium renders necessary. 

The shoots or nuizosiATA are as much as a foot long, and form un entangled mass held down to 
the ground by numerous perpendicular roots, just us in our hardy 9 |iccics of Iris ; from these spring in 
abundance small inversely pear-shaped PSBuDO-bolbs, which are about an inch long, and terminated 



by asinglc leaf, frcli leap i* abont fi»ir inches long* ovaManccohtc, flat, shining, ftrm, imtdy 
doable-toothcd nt the point, and at die bate contracted into a short channelled petiole. The «capbs 
sgmiifr from (he base oflho pseudo-bulbs, and are very slender, erect, rigid. brOWnUh green, hardly 
thicker than a piece oftwinc, and clothed with a few long narrow sheathing scales. These arc termi- 
nated by distichous spikes, which aredrooping, and about «* inches long. The plowed ire exactly 
alternate in u distichous manner, yellowish purple, nearly parallel with the flattened rachis which i* 
half surrounded l>elow each flower by n single OTUCT, dry. ovate, concave, acuminate, striated, and 
sometimes expanded into an ovale obtuse lobe on each side- The flowers are two-lipped, much 
shorter than the bracts, and partially hidden by them. The skimls are ovate, obtuse, slightly tinged 
with pink ; the lateral ones the largest, nnd placed next the rachis. at the hack of the Labcllum. The 
PETALS are roundish-ovate, white, very obtuse, thrice a* short as the sepals. The labellum is fleshy, 
tingeil with pink, tongue -shaped, blunt, mnelt shorter than the sepals, and a little dilated near the 
base where the margin* stand erect, producing something the appearance ofn shoe. The column is 
very short, not at all extended at the base into n fool, hut quite continuous with the Ovary ; in front it 
is hollowed out into n stigma, and at the summit it hears the anther. 

It is from the very unusual structure of the anther that the genus derives its principal distill* 
gtrishing feature* Instead of being loose in the anthcr-bcd, hinged by its back, and opening along it* 
under side so as to allow the pollen-masses to drop out upon the anther-bed, it is so fastened down by 
it* face that the latter operation become* impossible, and in order to provide for the escape of the 
pollen, the cells open vertically, so that when their sides are drawn asunder the pollen-masses are at 
once seen reposing in their places. The i*ollks-massks themselves arc four adhering in two pairs, and 
according to memoranda made by me twenty years ago t for I have not seen them since, they are 
attached to two caudicuhe, die nature of whose connection with the stigma is not yet known. 

In tig. 8. the left-hand figure represents a side view of a (lower much magnified ; while the right 
>* u front view shewing the position of the pollciwnasscs aud anthers when undisturbed. 



h 

mi 

N 
It 










ltt*n£di£& ! > , 



/ 'tt/tf /; */ > 






I 






LATE 



I. 



STANHOPEA DEVONIENSIS. 



S. Devonirjutia ; foliis oblongis 5-nerviis utrinquc ncuttR pctiolo maculnto seinisulcato* 
labello medio quam maxiitiO constrictojtypochilio subrotundo auticc basi gibboso 
marginibus carnosis tlilutntis replicatis, cpicl.ilio ovato subcanaliculato apicc 
obsolete Iridcntato cormtbns duobus bypochilii incurvis anjuali, columnar margi- 
nilms pnniin dllatatts subpaml Id i«. 

< oatzontc Coxocbill sou Lrncca. Hernandez* Ihesaur, rer. med* nov* his/** />• 2(JG* 

Anguloa Heraandezii. Kunth tynops. I. 332. 

Maxillaria Ivncea. Gen* ct sp. oreft. p. 151, 



Tins noble Mexican Orchidaceous plan! flowered for the first time in this country, in the 
epiphyte house at Chfttswortli, in the beginning of August, 1837. and certainly there never was a 
more beautiful sight than when it expanded its large rich leopard-spot reel blossoms, in all the 
perfection of their singular form and deep soft colours. The full blown (lowers measured nearly four 
inches and a half across, imd emitted a very agreeable odour, resembling a combination of 
Chimonanthus, Heliotrope, and the perfume called Marochnl. 

I cannot doubt tlmt this was the famous Lynx flower of Hernandez, when his figure, rude 
as ii is, and his description ore considered. The flowers, he says, are of n reddish colour, but also 
while and confusedly dotted. He compares the roots, meaning I lie pseudo-bulbs, to a fig still 
green: the native place of the plant he describes as rocks and the trunks of trees, but lie adds that it 
is cultivated for the sake of its beautiful flowers, which nro more striking than words can describe. 
or the pencil imitate, with the fragrance of a lily : by which he probably meant the White Lily, 
a favourite Spanish flower. 

From all the species of this striking genus hitherto observed, it differs, as Mr. PaxtOD has 
remarked to me, in the furrow which terminates the upper side of the leaf at the lower end not 
miming through lo the pseudo-bulb, but losing itself nbout halfway down the petiole. Independently 
of this circumstance, it is distinguished from all the varieties of S. insignis, by its much larger flowers, 
and by the column never having the broad dilated margin, so conspicuous in that species; to gay 
nothing of the very different form of the lower half of the lip, which in S. Dcroniensis, projects at the 
base on the under side, instead of being drawn sharply and abruptly inwards. Ii approaches more 
nearly to S. tigrina. another Mexican plant, the rival of this in beauty, which is about to appear in 
Mr. Bateman's magnificent publication upon the "Orchidocem of Mexico and Guatemala/* but thai 
specie* has the middle lobe of the lip divided into three nearly equal portions, both the upper and 
lower part of the same organ very much broader, and the leaves narrower mid more attenuated at 
the base. 

In Ihe foliage and manner of flowering of this specie* there i. nothing particular to notice 
beyond the point, already adverted to. The following » a description of one of the flowers. 

Sepals ovate, obtuse, a little undulated, the lateral ones united at the base under the Up. about 
two inches and a quarter long by mi inch and a half in width ; their ground colour a clear yellowish 
orange, richly spotted with deep, broad, reddish-brown blotches, especially in the middle where the 
spots run together a little. Petals oblong-lanceolate, very wavy, acute, an inch and three-quarters 
lon». by three-quarters of an inch in breadth, turned back at the point, of the same colour will, .he 
sepals, but with the blotches assuming the form of broken bands. Lip white, very fleshy, with a f^v 









bright nipkfiiiH here and re, andan -*ircnvely deep purple base; U.e lower hdfr%gp«Ui«t; 

DW lriy ikbcM, firmly united to iho column .1 die t**N rather promin.ni nr Uie Iron, on (he m r 

rido wiili Dx««irely thick dilated mnrpns : their anterior angle blended on each «de into . long, 
sharp, curved, eliannelled horn, who*c anterior edge* meet at the bo* in a broad fleshy Wberele 
Minding at the base of tlic epicl-ilinm, and closing ..p the entronee to the cnWty of the hypoclii hum ; 
Uio upper half (epichilium) ovate, ehannelled. obsoletdy ^toothed, slightly articulated with the lower 
half. Column plano^nrc*, with the margin *» little widened apwards that the two edges Arc 

olmoti parallel : white, spotted with crimson. 

I am gratified by being allowed to name tlib superb plant in compliment to the « oble Duke ... 
„W unrivalled ejection at Chatsworth it fir* (Wed. Thesueees* with which epiphyte an 

t h cro cuHiria*dbyM^ 

w hoi and damp that the plant* can only be **» with » much peril as if one had to ri*< them .n an 
Indian jungle, i. n* mild and ddigl.tf.il a* that of Madeira, As to luxuriance of growth, never 
hare they been seen in their native wood, in Mich perfect beauty. It, therefore, afford* me no little 
satisfaction to be enabled, by the permission of hi, Grace the DnVe of Dcromiliire, to publish the Al- 
lowing account of the management of Orchidacc* at Chatsworth, drawn up by Mr. Futon himself 

-n* Ubrias U^l U not only mUb to the Erowth of Suahopea* «**■«" <* »• "*- ** - ■*-*• in " V 
growth of mi mcSai of Orehibce* (U>c K-n^trial, and tfcoH> ihut pi" «» ™m excepted). 

- Cher «he drainage bole of the pel to bo u «d. i* Looted «* «f * ™»" »*- *™^ «**w* ftb ~' ha,f tb * ******** 
irf, o«t Ibn » navMy thrown a wWftr of beta p*<, Wnlrfffll to fill the former to rtHa 00*4**1 of lb* »*> A Am 

Lnrtr of Abm mcAntd* «ndr |*«> » next -eleetod "*l ftM •* the top of .b* .baiaaps bcio* flat b*ta into tanou. fort* 
nf *ater ; ihi. b in*.v effectually fecund hv fwilinff «*. * Uie |**e* of potti** ff*f on, n &« r*'«* * r lrf **™ .*"*%?/ ortweeu 

0,* hm more of le-, accord!*? to ihe ^ of the plan! ; iwlced. I llud k at. excellent plan lo eoobntw * mtrtoa of broken pott 
all ihc m up tlio centre, to the l»ttiiiu of ihr pM^balhf. After Iho p«l bMwniw 1«pI »nh the |«t. tho *xh«*>vo nml l*>w« 
flre mrir 'fri bf <o««. of .mull iiess t^M fn»« f:«r to lb i«he. W K , tbm- pep m* throoyb .be Ujer* of ,**t, ««l tbw Krtir^ 
tbo wbolc flrmb* t^tber. At ^ta iitbo. >tot« ibe Uoe tln> j,l«it I. pbry-1 on lb, t^; the ***, « CUoWlj Udoat 4n d M^ 

ut. tit iho 1>» Of .l*e bulb, verv nftffutlj allh ti»ftllcr piero- of n«| ud ( «t*bmK cotiliiitim^ to btt<a UM I**t •• beJore defOfDOU, 

»MlI tW «botc U rmWi.*.l, -t> ; t, it «UI bo * ftol or fift^n bicb*- ffOPI ibe top of tbe pot^-^ndl pbuiu «e not potted w l*iii*u At 
™h .hiBliiK Ibp ji^l U nuied ■ titOe h^bcr. Wbm I wiw«* prtUng « ma«U pU»t it it iwt nlnvl inoeo tb4o throe or four mebe. 
n: r M, b-« m it gro*, Urpr it » proKre-i^y ru«4 \u USbfi«g up ** h^ d«chbc4! -ith IHUI! it doo. Ml tm«to <n the ih-pO of 
» o*^ but 11 «rrieJ op mAv klquw Wi"d iwrvly nmnclexl * K«»r M the top. Vth* iho ptanb arv ver> beahhr, Ut UTJ lUUff 
«ler h ^,«.« the root-, md la rialff very iub or nonr. Urn k*«i de«,ler«um la ibo «WflU« <-f Orcbbcnr bti^ f*/™,* 

|Ac nK^. »Wrb, bv oYersMerlftji. ciporbdly in W^Uf, are abno*t «;re to b» dwtrojtd. 

"'I^piieml^jvratureoft^l^i^ rugei Iron 00 W 8t dof>«< I »• *• ****»*»■ «""« flw |^^ ■*•»», fc ta Auinp 

Mrit atd the pub well irttote* iud w^cr or tnke a weet a litlfc ««ltfr .» t]irinkM 00 tlieir heidw I find K"*t *Iv*nl^ in bftTOUJ 
» tali Wd 111 It* bOUK M |Ju*g* !»«■ l*ree pUnl-in, It* be*t from tW tn» rirculue. thioogh tbe ^*l at.it fotJiertU, Mid c*u*et the |4uk| 

topjowwabsraitkiurbiiire. It mli(hlbc objected to tbUmeihodof jp^ing OrrUL^ir, trjt «™04(iv »i>*bhl*iiiapMbf ^u; I 

Uto(blkmdUiapbtifo< uui-w«iddui»fOn**uilatowrf 

qfiVocU hi <.r*leriritnako tbii (K<^iil 01 intelligible n* I wii, I ■ 

SOth of May 1st nw I rofcivrJ a vrry mull itwniffeJ |iw: of a tiew ^aiJ W >i>e*i I olknted il lo get i»crforflj dn- t It «m ihea t^tod, 

4l .MpU»«lbi*iti«iwboit<imhn%«hbii>ttonAbnt»bo^ i^ia U*«i <^ «row in iWt * fc*tMj>ht. ^1 it the cr*l of Jufj 

kid r^rfirttnl a »mJI bath ; tbe pixr.: «m then kept dry *bool n fArlnu;bt< ™> *»* "S*" 1 i**™* in a rtwn e boitoni b**t, itn.i m ■ Ii*h^ 
pcmluro DCler lower than 70 drffM*. bat oftriiumaintm^ in ihotUe to from OT to 100. By the oi-l oC SCftmbOT it b*l p^^Uil a 
,^J bulb, oMriJefflMt- hrgOT tbttn llie GnL TTlO plant *** *^in iin«l ou n t*ot flw for a fortofebt, a»\ lhv*u morad into a larger 

pH, and olfmned a tHlW alw^ tbe «*rtVoj it w again replonfjd into a Krong bottom heal, and* by the end of DranbtT, bad 
ixrSerttfd two tnore bulU making foar Onto it* wimiiwocoinei*, I J*ouU bvrt cbwrr* the phut b*J but tme bulb « hen I ivmiol 

il :~UV pb&t wai nw drietl for a nOOlb, tben re-potted, aal plac^l. a» before, hi a UTOtlg beat j abonl the fiM week in April tbe 

plant li^l mado two more prrfert bulbs the pre«« of drjinff wa* again Row tbrouRk and ihe pUnt tt^Oawd Id itm^ beai^it ha* 

mil new. Au^^3U«»ebolb^»adelnlliO#k^tejttco of 15 monlb*. I vx|«c( to have tlu* plant b a ^*le tembwtfingnnl 

•eamt. 'H.ii plml vmcuWrrnhd with a number of wtbre imaU ones In » ^tnall hoOM iKu could be kept tery Ih^t. 

« I Mnnr4 eonvlu* ihU MAtemrnt better ti»n by i*»nwaeB«Biisc lbO*« "bo "** tfl « ro " Tmetflfad Or<hidaee*P wA to atteml 

tothe fol^it^ brief rulrs in Applying the fair fWwl okin*aiUo**i^labW l^»U. air. %!u\ beat, nii-1 -^.r. 

"JiV.- TvmMrkl Orchlikofn.- *houU npwrha»eo|jn-U loiume of eitenial air aitmit.nt Al orier, hoaWelV fine lb» wealber may 
Uf ; lo pment Iho hou* beeombj: too tot, a thick <*aw dmtimg ib.«W Ut COTrrod oter tl during <un*ino. 

■ f t hit.— Tb* boat a*pccl for an OrchuWvon-lm"^ h duo »oulh ( and tbo *>wie •book] bo marie to admil at much ligbl at 
|«i)>|e. Id Himnwr a thick eni»ai if ah*)* |«i -hi the bc« to provrtil ibo bri^bi .tm damaiticv: U> plain*, tn ttlattf oiwj ray 

Of li-trt i* a<lvantru;ootii to tbe pbuili. 

« H<ut.— I>uHi>^ the powbj; miwn, Otrhtflnceai reqniro a moderately maU l>eat» iirjiris from d5 to ctf ^leprr*4j in ih** 
dttiufu •m-oii f«m W to 7i i- nank ailBd«nl ; m .*» «o««i of f<*< ** hotwo J»«W bo lej4 dry. 

♦* 11.,/rf^ -UitK th>* ehnnrnt more dumuge 1* defl* than by all the rtkvn put together. OnZudice* in pnU dwukl In* -pirin^U 
aateredinlhffKonifH: *t»n*<*i; in the ikrminl nato til tie or tvt water *bwM U* pirn, 'lite *ecrrt oTgrownig ibeaff |ilapU klOUb) 
earv arrrr to kill tW okl n-rt* ; uU*u tco mwh «it»t i* ^C#tl while ibe |JouU are nol m a (FOwbax »IaI<v aliwwt all llk*> obi t**t* 
\n\ntvitd\ |vti<h* 

« N. IL Tbo brWf acconnt here |>iven rrW» enlUvt] i" pEanti p. 1 In pMJ ual; lboa« grow* In -»*4aad on hiUof wood 

require i|uite a diirerer.1 t»Qtmi 1 









»* 




























■ ' f/fa 



Plate II. 



BURLINGTON1A VENUSTA 



Iturlhigtonia vcnuslo, Hutmtiml Register under plate 1927. 



This lovely dower is at present only known from a drawing made in Bra?.! I by Mow*. J, TIl 
Dcseourtifo, and forming pan of a manuscript description, with figure*, of Orchidaceous plants now 
the property of M. lo Baron Benjamin Dcleasort. As I have the permission of their liberal 
propria tor to publish such as are mo»t remarkable iti this collection, I Anil have frequent occasion 
to iiva I myself of its materials, in illustration of the present work. 

There h no description of Btirltngtonia venusta among M. Dcsoourtilzfe manuscripts, which 
terminate al tbo very plate which precedes this ; nothing therefore is known of its habit*, or of the 
part of Brazil in which it WW found. It is, however. *o much like another plant, with a somewhat 
different aspect, of which a manuscript account occurs in the same work, under the title of 
11 Rpidcndrc panduriformc," and which I have formerly distinguished as Buriingtonia fragrant*, 
because of its haves being more obtuse, its raceme* of (lower* erect not pendulous its blossoms 
always half closed with the Ubcllum standing at the back, and the little ears at the end of the 
column almost obliterated, that an account of the one. these differences being kept in mind, will 
nearly answer for the other. 

M. Dcscourtilz figures and describes Burlingtonia fragnms to the following effect Tin* 
hoots are Ion-, (brad-like, white, contorted, surmounted by dry scales out of which spring the 
rsEUDo-ni i.ns, which are fusiform, much compressed, and each terminated by a lanceolate. Btulklcss 
leaf; the latter is bright shining green, vcinless, thick and brittle, and rounded at the point with 
an oblique notch. The i low i;it-sn:u is radical, taper, erect or relieved, of a greenish violet, *i"wtg, 
ami furnished with a bract at each bend ; the flowers grow in racemes, and are always half closed. 

The *i:imls are white, lanceolate, tinged externally with reddish-lilac (rloUhlUa*) ; the double one 
U undivided at (he point, shorter than (lie lip, thicker than the upper sepal, and having at the. 
Iwm- a triangular cavity into which the spar of the lip is inserted. The PfiTALS are broader, as white 
as snow, and parallel with the column. Tin* Lie is larger than the other parts of the flower, narrow, 
and prolonged into a short spur at tin* base, widened upwards, broad, (ringed, and heart- 
shaped ot the upper end. gauffered as it were about the edges ; its colour is pure white, hut ai the 
narrow part in the centre there is a broad golden-yellow spot which is downy, ami terminated in 
front by three points, and has at the margin two salient lines, within which arc inserted the boms 

of the column. The COLUMN i* taper, club-shaped upwards, prolonged on each side of I lie 
stigma into a short lint horn, white, about half as long as the Up, with two short purple conical ears 
on a level with the apex of the anther. The amim:u >h>pes backwards upon the end of (he column. 
i* hemispherical, and divided internally into two cells by a perpendicular partition; at the apex 
it is dilated and hollowed oul to secure an oval yellowish gland, to which adheres a curved strap 
having (wo deep ydlow pollen masses. 

This beautiful species is remarkable for the delicious odour which its dowers exhale of Jonquil, 
or of some Water-lily. It grows among die topmost brandies of the Ccdreln, in the districts of 
Morro-Qu&nado and Macah6, and near the city of Bom Jesus de Banana!, blew ing in October 







' , tMl&m&m fWPt/f 



L I 



i 



Plate III. 



DENDROBIUM NOBILE. 



DciHlrobium nuhile. Gen. et $/k Orch. p. SO. 



The first knowledge that we linil of this churming plant was from a Chinese drawing in the 
library of the Horticultural Society; ami from that drawing, made in China under the eye of 
Mr. Reeves, the short character above referred towns taken. Alive plant brought home l>v Mr. 
Ilceves wis presented to Messrs. Loddiges* with whom it flowered for the first time, and in great 
magnificence, in February, 1837. 

Dendrohium is one of the handsomest of the Asiatic genera of this order, and 1 rliiuk 
D, nobilcmust \w considered the handsomest of all Dendrobiu. Its very stems an* so bright utmI 
transparent that they form a Iwnutiful object* and the effect of tin* bright green veins of tin 
leaf-sheaths seen through the semttninspareiH skin is very sinking. The (lowers an* unrivalled for 
delicacy of texture, and gracefulness of form ; at first nodding as if their slender stalk* were 
unable to sustain their weight ; and then, as they disentangle their ample folds, assuming a horizontal 

position, vrilh the rich trutnpetohaped lip funning an apparently solid centre, they seem purpose!} 
jo raise themselves to the distinct view of the beholder. 

This species is most nearly nil ted to D. moniliforme. figured in (he Botanical Register, t. 1:114, 
from which it differs in having a downy lip with u rounded terniiuation. and much more obtuse as 
well as larger petals. 

It is not known in what part of China this species is found wild. Mr, Reeve* bought it in 
the market at Macau. 

Stkms erect, clustered, light green, u foot and more high, rather compressed, with deeply 
furrowed joints about three-quarters of an inch long. Leaves rather distichous, narrow-oblong, 
obliquely eiuargiitute. linn, llat, obtuse; with thin semitrnnspurent sheathe, which c|tiitc surround 
the stem at the base, ami permanently clothe it when lite leaves themselves have dropped off. 
PEDUZfCLIS ascending. 2-tfdio wired, bursting through the leaf-sheaths at their back, about twoiiiche* 
long, with short, membranous, acuminate bmcts at the base of the pedicels. Flowrrs when in hud 
nodding, when expanded horizontal, quite spread open, two inches and three-quarter* urn*^. 
Sepals broadly linear, nearly equal, obtuse, the lateral a very little lengthened at the (wise, pale 
greenish yellow tipped with rich bright purple. Petals oblong, obtuse, rather wavy, very delicate 
and transparent, the same colour as the sepnk Lip rolled up, very shortly urigiiiciilntr, downy 
both inside and outside ; in form obovatc* with a deep notch on each side, separating it into three 
obscure lobes, of which the lateral are crisp at the edge, the central one even, rounded, obscurely 
cuspidate ; in colour deep blood-red in the tube, pale greenish yellow at the edges and disk, tinged 
with purple at the end ; a linear downy space passes upwards along the centre from the unguis till 
it loses itself in the disk. 



ff / 




ym/vjffii m /■/.' «5jy n 



Plate IV. 



CYMBIDIUM GIGANTEUM, 



Cymbidium gignnteum* JFatliclfs Catalogue^ uo. 7355- Gen* et $p. Orcft, p. 163- 



THIS i* the most striking of all the plants belonging 10 the true genus Cymlmlium. an<I was 
well named "the gigantic" when compared with other known specie*. It is a native of Nepal, 
and Kcmaon. where it wa* discovered by Dr. U'allich in the year 1821. The accompanying plnte 
ha* been prepared after a drawing made at the time of its discovery, and liberally placed ar my 
disposal for publication by the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company. The 
plant itself may tw soon expected in our gardens*, if indeed it does not already exist there. 

It will be observed that the spike of flowers is erect in the drawing, and ir appears from the 
dried specimens distributed by the East India Company (hat this is the natural position. Other- 
wise, as the lip stands above the column, it might bare been supposed thai the flowers were pendulous. 
as in Cymbidium atoifolium and others. 

LEAVES upwards of two feet long. 7-ncrved, narrow, strap-shaped, thick and tough, dilated at 
the base, where they are pale, strongly ribbed, and closely imbricated in a distichous manner : these 
base* remain permanently after (he leaves have dropped off them, and form a hard flattened 
crown to the simple, creeping roots of the plant ; eventually they split into fragments, and become 
coarse ragged membranes. Scape erect, closely covered at the base with loose imbricated striated 
scales, changing into a spike about a fool long. Bracts short, ovate, acute scales. Ovaries an 
tin li and half long. Flowers rather closed, dull purple, tessellated, very large for the genus. 
SEPALS Oblong, acute, erect, un inch and half long, many veined, nearly equal; the two lateral 
Uppermost. Petals linear-lanceolate, acute, spreading, rather shorter than the sepal*. Ln- oblong. 
tapering at the base, where it adheres to the column, complicated, 3-lobcd : the lateral lobes entire, 
flat, narrow, the intermediate crisp, ciliated : the disk with two converging ciliated lamella*, ending 
in a line of hairs that reach to the point of the Up. and bordered by two distant hairy lines on each 
side. Column elavale. edged, smooth, with a terminal anther, which adheres firmly to the back 
and hardly opens in front 







/ ffitli/tiffi hctrfri ' fafikUfftitfa tthtttt/ifi 



Plate V.— Fig. 1. 



CATTLEYA BICOLOR 



Cnttleya liicolur, Botanical Register, plate 1919 in tlie letter-/ 
Kpidemlrc iridec, Deseourtilzs drawings, /,l. 49. //. 105. 



press;. 



A very distinct Brazilian species of iliis charming genus. Il is for the present only known 
from the drawings of M. Deecourtilz, who speak* of ii as follow* : 

1 This beautiful plant grows at » great deration on tbo trunks and branches of the largest 
trees, where ii sometimes forms an enormous tuft. I have only found it in (he neighbourhood of 
llom Jesus dc Batinnal. It,, flower endnrcs for a great while, opens in the month of April, nnd 
exhale? the sweet smell of tlie garden pink. 

'■ RniaoMA reddish, cylindrical, articulaied, with short ringed segments, which put forth thick, 
white, shining, cylindrical, or very simple root... Stems radical, often pendulous, from two to three 
feet long, green, simple, covered completely with sheaths which urc long, dry. alternate, finely 
striated of a dirty silver-grey colour; it bears at its summit two leaves, which are alternate, 
lanceolate, obtuse, very thick, veinlcss, of a glaucous or blueish green. Flower-stalks proceeding 
from a compressed, broad, greenish purple spalhe; the summit of the common peduncle pule 
green. Flower very large, half-expanded. Sepals greenish brown, purple orreddish-brown, shining, 
striated lengthwise : the upper oval-lanceolate, pointed, convex, the lower ascending and of'a similar 
form. PETALS thinner, spathnlate, crisp, of the same reddish-brown colour as the sepal*. I.i i> narrow. 
channelled at its base, which is pure white, forming a hue which extends as far as the middle of the 
disk, when- it is dotted longitudinally with purple ; al the level where this white line terminate, the 
di-k enlarges, and forms a rounded blade of a bright violet, turned downwards and regularly 
er.mil. d ut the edge.. Column very thick, broad, convex above. Hat or a little concave beneath, 
clear white, striated lengthwise with yellow at the base. Stigma heart-shaped, acute al the point. 
POLLEK-MASSBft four, yellow, lenticular, compressed, inserted laterally on a curved gelatinous thread, 
ami lodging in four cells of (ha anther, which is simply white and convex." 



Plate V.— Fig. 2. 



SOPHRONITTS GRANDIFLORA, 



Cnttlcyn coccincn, liotanical Register, folio 1919, in the letter-press* 
Epidcndrc ponceau, Descmtrtilzs drawings, pi. 10,/>. 27- 



A most brilliant litilu epiphyte, found in Brsi7.il by M. Descourtilz. upon the* high mountains 
thai separate the district of Banana! from thai of Ilha Grande. It grow* there in abundance 
upon fallen iiud decaying tree*; its scentless flowers appear in Juno. 

At first I took it for a spceto of Caitleyu. of which it has all ihe habit; but upon a mora 
attentive examination of M. IV*courtilxs description and figure, I have satisfied myself thai it is n 
distinct genus, differing from Catthya in having eight |>olIcn -masses, a pseudo.bnlh rather than a 
stem for the leaves to grow on, and no spathnccou* bract within which the flowers are engendered. 
In the number of pollen masse* it agree* with Lwlia ; hut ihnl genus is very different in its resupinatr 
flowcra, pseudo-bulbs, and long C4piilunt spathaceous bracts. The original *prcies of Sophronilis 
agreed with this in colour, habit, and many other particulars* but it has the petals smaller, not longer, 
than the sepals : a circumstance that seems to point to a different order of developemenl ; I am. 
however, upon the whole disponed to agree with Mr. Batcnuui in referring this to the genu* 

SophroaJti& 

M. Descourtilz describes the plant a> follows : 

" Hoots encrusted together, long, flexuose, dead-white, fixed at the base of a short rhixoma, 
which is articulated lik«> the Polypes called Isis. having on the upper pari fusiform, long rsEuno- 
nt'J.us. winch are smooth hut not shining, and often enveloped in a dry, wrinkled, grayish violet 
fthcadl. Leap solitary, terminal, thick, firm, tongue-shaped* poinicd. channelled at (be base, 
PEDUNCLE simple, cylindrical, twisted, bright green, having at its base a broad sharp bract, and at 
it* upper end two smaller opposite bracts which form a bifurcation ; from their axil spring* a filiform 
violet ovary, terminated by a broad flatly expanded flower, Fmiwkh with all its parts of a bright 
vermilion, red. or orange ; the sepal* narrow, ovate; the petal* much broader, forming lateral 
wings; nil streaked with deep red longitudinal lines, and having a satiny violet cast externally. 

Lip something like the standard of a leguminous plant inverted, dear yellow, with a brood 
nasturtium-coloured bonier and diverging vein* of the same colour, cucullate at the base, slightly 
3-lobed, with the middle division ovate, obtuse, and much shorter than the sepals. There are many 
varieties, passing from ycllow-orangc to the deepest cinnabar-red, but in all of them the exterior of the 
flower is a dead cinnabar-n^l. with no visible streaks or veins- CoLUMS short, triangular, having two 

lateral white dilatations or wings, bordered by bright erimson. Axtiiku convex, greenish, divided 

internullv into four membranous cells, winch are thickest at their upper half, and cover eight clear- 
yellow pollen masses, of a triangular form and arranged in two rows." 










I 



t n}tt/*fti tfHfrf/\/fa//f y/t 






I t 



Plate VI. 



BRASSIA MACROSTACHYA 



B, macrnstaehffa ; jiseudobulbis compressis inargiiic obtUSU 2-3-pliyllis, foliis li^ulato- 
oblongis atriulis abrupt?* acutis, SCapo iiutnntc multilloro, scpnlis Hucaribus 
nciiiniimtis latcralihus lon^issiiim, lultcllo obltmgo-lnueeolato actnninutn nctalis 
longioro. 






No species of the genu* Britain hitherto discovered, can be compared for beauty wiih this 
most graceful nnd brilliant plant, whose long nodding racemes of flowers bend gently over the 
rich and verdant foliage, while the slender petal* are so Ion;*, so slight, and so delicate its to Ik* 
agitated by every impulse given them by tlie air. 

Messrs, Loddigcs imported it from Demcrarn, and the accompanying drawing ha* been 
lying in my portfolio since October I83ti, when tin* (lowers Men* first seen. The only species with 
which it is necessary to compare it is B, caudata, figured in the Botanical Register, L 832 ; which 
differs in the following particulars. Its |>sciido*l)iilh* are acute at the margin, act obtuse ; as is 
represented by the sections at the lower right-hand corner of the plate; its flowers are smaller, 
greener, and much more mottled with deep brown ; mid its luWIhnn is ovate, acuminate, and the 
miii- length ^ the [^ t.iU. instead of being oblong-lanceolate, and longer than the petal* 

If it were proposed to combine Odontoglossum with Brossia it would he difficult to point out 
any great objection to doing GO. Their principal distinction consists in the sepals and petal* of 
Odontoglossum being unguieulate, and the column winged, or bordered by a thin margin. In 
habit they are very similar, and if the genus had not l>een proposed by M. Kunth, it may be 
doubted whether it would be now distinguished. 

A vigorous growing, rich but not deep green, epiphyte* PsKUOo-nuLna oblong, between four 
and five inches- long, compressed, blunt, and rather extended at the edge, springing from the a\ih 
of green, carinate, striated scales, the uppermost of which have a foliaceon* limb. Limvr* two or 
three on each pseudo-bulb, oblong-ligtilatc, about eight inches lo&g mid one and a half wide, acute, 
sometimes tumid at the base, Scafe radical, a foot and a half long, greenish purple, terete, 
nodding, covered with (towers almost from the base. Brack ovate, scale-like, much shorter Uian 
the ovary. Skvals linear, acuminate, spreading, pale yellow, with a very few spot* of crimen ; the 
upper about two inches long, the lower hanging down, and six inches long. Pmmi.s the same form 
and colour as the sepals, curving inwards till their points cross each other, rather more than an inch 
long. Laiikllum rather more than two inches long, pale cream*colour T oblong-lanceolate, acute, 
crisp at the edge, with a few crimson spots at the base, where it is furnished with two elevated 
downy lamella?, in front of which stand three horns, the lateral of which are erect and rather 
recurved, die middle one much smaller aud pointing forward. 







,r/ft//ff/f ttt//*f/itW 



Pl.ATK VII. 



CYRTOCHILUM STELLATUM. 



C. stellatum; [wtnulobulbis fliphyllis ovalibua comprcttis strintis inter Bquamas 
lanceolate* cnrinotM axillaribus, fuliis liguktig obtain aveniis acopo mall6 
brcvioribuH, scnpo tcreli erccto basi vaginato, raccmo disticho multifloro, bractoi* 
carinnlis con volutin acuminata gluroacci* ovario loogioribtUj eepalia petalisque 
lineori-obovatis acutis fitcllatU, labcllo oblongo undulato acuto \m\ canaliculate 
striato, nlis columns ueiimcifonnibus intcgcrriiiii*. 

Epidendrc £loil£c. Detcouriitz drawings, plate ZT*p. 81. 



TJii* noble species of llie genu* Cyrtochilum is nearly related to C. flavescens of the Botanical 
Register, /. 1627, differing in its much larger flower*, the sepals of which arc by no means 
acuminated* but only drawn to n sharp point; in the greater breadth of the pseudodmlbs; in its 
stature being four time* a* great ; and in the lahellum being white instead of yellow. The following 
is the account given of the plant by M. Dcscourtilz in his manuscript work on the Orehitbicea» of 
Brazil. 

'This magnificent Species i* dispersed through the district* Of Macahe and Bananal. Ji 
flowers in Septcraber and remains in that Mate till tho end of January- It diffuse* but a weak 
perfume, bm the beautiful Spike*, which scon at a distance make it resemble a mass, of verdure 
strewed with large stars* render it a most remarkable object/* 

" Kiiizoma very thick, cylindrical, whitish, shining ; provided at its lower part with numerous 
cylindrical succulent roots, which fix themselves upon the bark of the tallest trees, over which it 
spreads to the extent of many feel. Psixijo-bulbs oval, slightly compressed, bright CrMn. sur* 
rounded at the base with violet scales, each giving rise to two ribbon-shaped leaves, which an* 
obtuse, channelled, compressed at their insertion, of n pure and brilliant green above, yellowish 
green below, moderately thick and not veiny. From among the dilated leaves proceeds n bOapjs, 
often many feet long, cylindrical, shining, whitish violet, jointed and famished at each taut! with a 
narrow very long sharp-pointed bract, which is acute, hollowed out. violet and transparent. Flowers 
very large, spreading open, spiked, in two opposite rows, placed upon dull green sigmoid ovaries, 
proceeding from the axil of the bracts, which spread from the spike and almost entirely enclose them. 
Sepals three, ipatliulate, veiy acute, with a middle longitudinal furrow, straw or lemon-coloured. 
Petals of the same colour, broader and rather obtuse. Lip broad, toiigue-slinpcd, pointed, winged 
at the base* crisp al the edge, articulated with the column, snow white, but marked internally at 
the base willi longitudinal streaks of a yellowish orange colour. Column straight, short, of an ivory 
whiteness, winged on each side »t the apex ; the outer edge of Uie wings curved, the inner bounded 
by a deep carmine line, otherwise bright yellow, streaked with transverse Mood -coloured lines, 
A nth En convex, n bite. Pom. ex-masses oval, pale yellow, attached to an oblong carmine 
gland." 

The genus Cyrtocbilimi was originally proposed by SI. Kontli in Humboldt and Bonplund's 
Nova Oeueni el Specie* Plantarum as distinguished from Oncidium by its convex lip, in allusion to 
which the name was formed. This character is however by no means aufh'cicnt to limit nny groupc 
of species of which I have knowledge, and consequently, in admitting Cyrtochilum into the 
systematic arrangement of the order, I have found it necessary to alter its definition, and to allow it 



^^^^^^^^■a 



■ 






,o comprehend Mich Orehidaccn *» would hm b«* referred to Oneidium if ihoy had hud a lobe.! 
InbeUum. I» this view oftho character, the genus become little more tlmn nn artificial dismember- 
„„ „i of Otu-idium.and I am by 110 means sttrc that it tan Ik- preserved in it* pre-em -int.-, cspeeinUv 
na uiany «f !!■■- species fan* C all tlia habit uf Oncidiom proper. I( U however impossible lo form any 
fixed opinion upon llic subject in tlio present state of our information, and therefore I abstain 
upon this occasion from doing more than describing the present very reinurkublc specie*, 
whoso large spathnccous bracts poSftibly afford a surer cliaractcr for » genus than any thing in the 

flower itself. 

Cynochilum pardinum and ixioidc* ought rather to be referred to Odontuglonum along with 

Cvrtochilum volubile of PSppig. 










./. '"' ■ 



/ /'■ ■ frtrt/i 






I 



Plate VIII. 

A. 



OBERONIA RUFILABRIS. 



O.rufitabrU; foliis stibfnleatis ncutis, spicfi sub-vorticillntfi complctS, bncteis ovatis 
aristatis (Wilms <\\x\\\h longioribus, pclalis lincuri-lanccolntU acutis mtcgcrrimls 
labcllo irilobo bimi (ubcrculato aciwIih longiorc: luciniis latcralibus sctoccis 
intermedia oblmi^a bipartite lobis uctitis flivcrgcntibus. 



Although it i* not intended hi this work to make a practice of figuring miuulc plant* which 
are interesting only for their curious structure, yet the extremely remarkable forms of some species 
render them even more worthy of illustration than the more striking plants for which these plate* are 
chiefly destined* Such a case is the present, where; a page b* occupied hy figures of three microscopic 
Orchidaeerc, each of which is still more Strangely fashioned than the other, and all so different from 
other plant* that one might almost douhl their even belonging to the vegetable world- If ihe 
Brahmins hail been botanists, one might have fancied they took their doctrine of metempsychosis 
from these productions; in the genera Obcronia and Dryinoda, I'ythagoras would have found 
a living evidence of animal* transmuted into plants' 

The genus Oberonin consists principally of small fleshy-leaved epiphyte*, inhabiting the branches 
of trees iti the wood* of India, ml having the most tiny of (lowers Fourteen species have been 
described, of which one only, and that the least interesting (Obcronia iridifoliit) ha* been seen alive 
in Europe. The resemblance* to insects ami other animal form* which have been perceived in the 
Orchidaceous plants of Kuropc. and which have given rise to such names as Fly Orchis, Bee Orchil, 
Alan Orchis, Butterfly Orchis, uud I,i/.unl Orchis, may be traced so plainly in the genu** Obcronia 
in every species, that it alone would furnish a magazine of new ideas tor the grotesque pencil of a 
German admirer of the wild and pnclcrnaturah 

The two species now figured were discovered in the Burmese empire, by Mr. Griffith, :» botanist 
Of grout reputation, from whose indefatigable zeal and exertions the greatest discoveries may he 
expected in the Flora of the British possession* in India, The plate* have been prepared from 
sketches made hy Mr, (irifltth him*e)f on the spot, and since compared with dried specimens 

collected at the same time. 

Obcronia rufdahri* is an almost stemless plant, hanging down from the brunches on which it 
grows, and to which it clings by its slender thread-like roots. The plowed* are arranged at the 
lower part in whorls, but afterwards alternately along a slender simple axis, at the apex of which 
tliey open first. Each dower is subtended hy a thin irauspurcnt oval bract, which is lengthened 
at the point into a very long soft transparent bristle. The SEPALS an* three, ovule, acute, and light 
green, slightly mottled with dull red ; they are of the name H*e» and rather longer than the petals ; 
the latter are linear-lanceolate, and quite entire. The ladellum stands at the hack of the flower* 
as they hang, is of a bright red colour, and firm fleshy consistence; at its base it has a large 
granulated tubercle or goitre which prcstC* up against tho column : near the lwi*e on each side U n 
slender setaccou* lobe ; the apex is split into two curved diverging lew. The column is verv short 
cuncatc. with the anterior angles of the clinandrituu lobed. red, anil crystalline; then* is a distinct 
ovate gland at the apex of the stigma, hut ii doc* not appear that the pollen-masses, which are four 
in two pairs, ever attach themselves to it, 



m^B 



Tills specie* is very nearly allied lo Obcronia antbropophora, which is also o Burmwo plant. 
Thai specie* is caulescent. QOt stctulcss. has no tubercle at ihe base of lis lip, lias the middle lobes of 
that organ more seiaccous, and the lateral lobes broad, short, and half ovate; the spike i* evanescent 
at the point, iiml finally the bract* arc not so long as tba flowers. 

A. represent* this plant of its namrnl size. A I. is a highly magnified view of n portion of the 
spike, with half ftdozen flower* adhering to it. at a part whore ihey are not veriicillnte. A 2, represents 
the column very highly magnified, with the BtignUUW gland in fronl, and the unther. which is crested, 
lying quietly nl iU back. A 3. i- a profile of a flower, shewing the long bristle-pointcd bract, the 
column with the anther raised up. mid the great goitre at the neck of the labclhim. A 4, .hews the 
front of a full-Mown flower from which (lie Inbclhira has been cut off; the anther rai.e.1 up. the 
pollen.masses lying below it. and the stigmatic gland withered up. A 5. represent* the two pairs 
of | u die 1 1 •masses. 



I!. 



OBERONIA GRIFFITHIANA 



O. Griffifhiana; stibcnulewens, foliis Iracaribus stihfnlcatia apiculntis, spicA Subvcrli- 
cillatu opice cvancscentc, brocteis ovato-lnnccolntis semilatis tlonmi longitudinc, 
sepnlis ovnlis ncutia, pclalis obovatis obtusis laceris glaadulosis, labello cordate 
basi saccate npicc bipartite utrinqnc multifido margine scabro, columns' antko 



excavata. 



This singular plant want* altogether the brilliant colouring of the last, bul lis form is not less 
extraordinary. Figures B :( mid -1. represent this so perfectly that 1 may safely leave the imagination 
..f the reader to discover with what it can be most justly compared. 

The HABIT of Oberonia Grilliihiana is very much that of die last species, bnt (be Mem is more 
evident. The nrrangement of the rumen* is also the same. The dbaOTS are ovate-lanceolate, 
acuminate, minutely toothed at the edge, and not longer than tbeflower. TIiOBEPAl* arolikothOM 
of O. mfilabris. bin more dingy. The PETAL* an: » dull greenish brown, obtuse, as long as the 
sepals, and not only torn at ihe margin into a number of coarse divisions, but covered with fleshy 
h;,ii> which give them the appearance of K>me shaggy ear. Tho i,.uiKLl.UM is of the same colour a» 
the petal-, ne.pl llial it has more purple at the base, its edge and surface lire rough, with Utile 
raised papilla), and it is deeply divided into a number of linger-like lobes, of which the two 
eeniml ones are the latgest. and then- are about five smaller ones gradually diminishing lo the base on 
each side. The front of the COLUMN is singularly ewnvaled into a aortofcup.willi Ihe anterior edge 
of which ihe labellum i- joine.1. Th.- (ndlm-masses in this and some other species has been 
determined by -Mr. (irifliih to be four, and incumbent, thus % %. 

Kg. H. ivj.rr- -tils lliit species of (he natural sue. 11 1 , is u young tlower-bnd about to expand. 
It 2, is UK same in n more advanced slate, with the hibelliuii just beginning to unfold, two of it. lobes 
standing in front of tin- other parta like a pair of horns. It. land 4, are highly magnified viowBOf 



the back (*l) ftlld from (3) of n lull-blown Hover. It 6, exhibit* a part of tho from of n flower Mill 

more magnified, together with n hruct : the laUlhmi ami the. points t.f the petals an* cut away, ami 

the. cup*shapcd bam- of ihe column in seen Ixdow the stigmatic surface. 

To these two now species of Olwronin, and the 14 previously known, I have the following 
to add. 

O. ancept; canle elongato ancipiti, Foliis dUticlris or&tis incurvis obtusi* dense imbricatis, spicu 
cylindrnceil donsissimo imbricatd, hrnctcis snbrotundo-ovalis crosis, sepalis oratift, ptfalu ovato- 
mnceolntis s^rrululin, luhello truncaio sulnpiadrato obscur^ 4*lobo ; lacitiiis submouulibus acutifl. 
Burmese empire (No. 1097) Mr. Griffith : a plant with the foliage of Aporuni uncap*. 

O. bmehy*tachj/& ; acaulis. foliis oblong obtusi* ant apicnlati* recti* meemis subwqiialibu*. 
spicu densfl verticillatA : verticilli& riiultilloris, hmctei* ovnti* iicuti* floribufl hreviorihus, sepalisovniL* 
uhiiisiusculit*, petal!* obovati* scrrulatis, lal>ello conluto tripariilo; laciiiii* cuncatis subwqiudibus 
apicc scrrulatis.— Bitninw empire (Nos. 6W and 778) Mr. Griffith. 



C. 



DRYMODA. 



Pcriantbium vald£ iiimptalc et irrcgulare. Sepal urn supreimtni crct-tum, liWnun ; 
lateralia poslicn, cum pedc longissnno columnar connnta, subrhomboidca, acumi- 
nata^ sessilia, SUprentO plurius majora. Pctala nana, libera. Labellum cum 
|»cclc column© arttctilattim, trilobum, convexum, lobo medio deflexo. Colamna 
nana, sctiiitcrcs, mirinilu longa pctaloidca litriwjuc porrccta* bast in patent Ion* 
gisshmim lincarcm canalicnlatum clongafa, Antliera tcrinimilis, opercular^ 
cristata, biloctilaris. Pollima 4, accumbcntia, glandube globow carnoste 

grumosa* scpnrabili adnasccntia. Hcrba niiimta, epiphytal, pseudnbulbosa. 

(aphylla?) scapis radicalibus vaginalis millions. 



Drvmoda picla* 



The onlv knowledge I have- of this fflOftl curiou* plant is from it sketch made by Mr, Grillit1i» 
from specimen* discovered by liitn in February, 1835,111 Mergui, in the Burmese empire. It i*h> 
entirely different from any other Orclitducea with which I am acquainted, that 1 am unable oven to 
\\umr a ueitus wi*' 1 which it may be compared. In the structure of the Mi^matie gland in particular 
it is so peculiar that Mr Griffith considers the pbmt situated on the confines of Epidendrete and 

Vdttdcfl^ 




■ 



^M 



T" [' 






Kj 



I have seen no specimen, and it is not worth attempting to describe the plant from the sketches 
in my possesion : those parts which arc copied in the accompanying plate sufficiently illualrnlo the 
genus, C. i* it view of the whole plant in flower; no leaves arc represented in Mr. Griffith'* drawing*, 
and 1 presume the plant has nothing bat little lenticular angular p$cudo4mlh*. It will Ikj seen that 
the flower is inverted, that is. (hat the tatallum i* uppermost, and between the two ereet lateral sepal*. 
C 1. shew* the flower in it* natural position, much magnified ; the column with its two long petal-like 
arm* is undermost, and the long foot of the column stands over it. Waring at the apex a pair of pink 
and white lateral sepal*, between which hang* down the deep ml, fleshy, hairy labcllum. C2, 
represents the same flower in the position which is most frequent in plant* of (his order; the back sipal 
and the petal* arc brought distinctly into view, and the upper part of the labcllum is seen standing 
between two ml and yellow arms, formed by the lateral sepals. C3, »* » highly magnified profile view 
of the column, with its two petaloid HAS ; and just above them appears a round large yellow stigmatic 
gland standing in front of the anther- C 4 t are the four pollen-nurses seen from below, together with 
I he hir^e Miipnatic gland to which they adhere. This gland i- stated by Mr. Griffith lo be opaque, 
elavate. rounded, always separating with the pollen musses, which, especially the inner, adhere to it 
very firmlv ; it i< composed of soft grumoua matter, and is easily broken down. C 5, is a profile 
view of the same part*. C 6, is an exterior view of an outer pollen mass. C 7. is an interior view 
of the same. 







&*&&&£&* A 



'ffffA ■ ■ " 



: 



Plate IX* 



CALANTHE BKEVJCORNU. 



Calanlhe brcvicornu. Genera $ Species of Orchid plants* p. 251 . 



As yel wo know little in the Gardens of the bCMly of tin* extensive Indian genus, tor neither 
of the two species we possess is calculated to convey mi idea of the sinking appearance of tome 
of the kinds. C. purpurea and Musticu have flowers of the most delicate lilac, in C. cmnrginatn 
mid sylvatien (hey are large and purple, in C. speciosa orange-coloured, and in the species now 
represented stained and neatly Striped with brownish red. 

C. brevicornu is a native of Nepal, where it was found by Dr. Wallich in the year 1821. From 
a drawing executed under the direction of that celebrated Botanist, the accompanying figure, ha* 
been prepared by permission of the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company. 

It varies in height from nine inches to one foot and a half, and produces broad, deep green, 
smooth, plaited leaves, winch gradually taper off into a sheathing foliaceous stalk, surrounds! 
externally by several sheathing scales. The scapk is about the same height as the leaves, smooth, 
round, mid with a few distant scales. The fiowbrs arc racemose and generally arranged on one 
side of the scape, and are subtended by i>vnte-huiecolnte. slightly downy bracts, rather longer than 
the pedicels- The ovary is taper, elavate. and downy. The skimls and petals are linear-lanceolate, 
spreading, nearly equal, striped with bright light red. The labellum, which is three-lobe J, is not 
very much united with the column, and has a very short smooth spur; its lateral lobes are acute, 
and much smaller than ihe middle one. which is obovnte, and emarginate, with two deep vertical 
plate*, running down the middle towards the spur, and concealing a third, which is smaller, but rather 
longer ; its colour is white, with a few reddish spots at the base. The fruit j* mi oblong triangular 
capsule, opening at the angles into three valves. 

Up to the present time we can scarcely be said to possess more than two G&lanthes in the 
garden* of this country ; one the stately snow-white C. veratrifolia. and the other C. densiflora. Two 
other* well worth obtaining have been imported into Flanders and Holland; with flowers and sketches 
of which 1 was three year* ago favoured by M. Augtiste Mevhelynek, a distinguished collector of 
rare plants at Ghent. I presume they are natives of Java* where many species exist, but they have 
not been noticed by Dr. Blame. One of these called Ambiglottistlavn, but aoi the species so named by 
the learned Botanist just mentioned, has large yellow flower* eoppcr-eoloured on the outside, on 
which account it may be called Calantfw tricolor. The other resembles C. brevieornu in the size of 
its flowers and its manner of growth, but has a snow-white labellum. and deep chocolate brown sepals 
and petals ; the Belgian gardeners call it C. tricolor, but as it docs not appear how the name applies 
1 lake the liberty of changing it to lhat of C. discolor. 

The following technical characters will enable botanists to recognise these two *itccics* 

C. bicotor; raccmo laxo pubescent t\ sepalis pculiscpie aculis. labelli trilobi coluimia* omnino 

oeereti lobis submqualibus : intcmedio cunc&to apiculato trilamcllato ba*i convcxo pubescence bicorni. 
calcare acuto limbo dup!6 brcviore glabra. 

C. ttitcolor; raccmo laxo pubeseente, sepalis petulLsipie fteutis, labelli trilobi columnar omniuo 
accreti basi pubescentis bilamellati lobo intennedto bitobo 3-carinatn, caleare pubesccnte acuto 
limbo brcviore. 







f&i&m/wwf&Mi * Tfi*/t<f* 



H 






5 



Plate X. 



SCHOMBURGKIA CR1SPA. 



SCIIOMBUKGKIA. 



Sepala ct jwtnla confonniu, patontia, omnin6 libera, boai ceqoalift. Labellum diftnrme, 
membrniucoutn, trilobum, cucullatum, bnsi cum margine columns coiinattim, 
supro basin tumidum (intrusum): veins Inmollatia. Columna m&rginata. PoUinia 

octa Rhisoma reigns, nudum, annulatum, psctidobulbigeruiii. Folia cori- 

acca. Scopi terminates vaginati. Bmctcie simthnceie. Flore* speciosi, rucemosi, 
congest!, 



S. cri$/m; pctalis scpalis I&belliquc lobu medio transverso obtuso 



ITJMllS. 



P" 



This very handsome genus seem* at present to In* confined to British Gunvana, where two 
species have been discovered by the zealous naturalist Mr. Scltomburgk. after whom they are 
named. 

Schomburgkia is nearly allied to Epidendnim, from which it b distinguished by its large 
spathiceoii* bracts, by iu membranous labellum adhering to ilie column only at the base, urn) having 
below the middle a distinctly marked prominence, which corresponds with an impression on the 
under side, nud by having eight pollen-masses. In the latter character I trust to a drawing sent 
home by Mr. Schomburgk. none of the specimens of either specie* Wing in a Mate to show (he 
structure of the anther. 

Schomburgkia crispft inhabits the interior of British Gtiayana: it was firtt met with on the banks 
of the Corentyn, but occur™! more frequently afterwards near the river Berbice. 

The accompanying figure has been prepared from a drawing sent home by Mr. Schomburgk. 
and corrected from dried specimen* in my herbarium. 

It has a stout round kiiizoma, closely marked with annular scars, indicating the place 
of scales that have fallen off The HEDDO-&ULB8 an* from four to six inches long, fusiform, rather 
angular from deep furrows, very hard, and covered closely for some time villi firm, brownish, mem- 
braaous, sheathing, sharp-pointed scales. Kach pseudo-bulb bear* two lanceolate, coriaceous, acute 
leaves, about nine inches long by two mul a quarter broad. The scape is terminal, erect, nearly 
three feet long, hard, siitF. completely covered with pale brown, dry, closely pressed, acuminate 
scales, carinate at the apex, and gradually passing into spalhueeotis, spreading uracts, which 
are much narrower than lite scales of the stem, brown, dry, spreading, about two inches long, but 
shorter than the ovary. FLOWfiUS in a dense terminal raceme* spreading, about two and a half inches 
in diameter; their stalks and ovary together about two inches long. Sepals and petals bright 
light yellow, not spotted, linear-oblong, acute. exce«*tt ely Crisped and undulated, of nearly the same 
size, texture, and colour. Labellitm pink, with a deeper coloured apex, membranous, it little 
wrapped round the column, and united to its edges at the base, oblong, Sdobcd, with a prominence 
below the middle* and the veins crested at die junction of the middle lobe with the side ones ; side 
lobes nearly flat, middle lobe senile, transverse, obtuse, very much crisped. Column obovate, 



■ 



*- 






*■** 






mucli shorter than the labclluro. with a winged margin ; and having three strong veins at its back. 
PotrEy- masse*, according lo Mr. Schombiirgk'* drawing, eight, oval, equal in nxe. 

The second specie already alluded to lias altogether the same peculiar habit, and was met 
with in the same country* Mr- Schomburgk state* thai it differ* in the smaller Mite of the pwudo- 
bulb* and in the sepals and petal* being of <i rich crimm bordered by bright ydlow! Specimen* 
of this, which I have received from its discoverer, enable me to Rive the following specific 
character ; — 

S. marginata : petal* &cpali*que undulati* obtusi*. lubelli lobo medio ovato acuto piano. 

Considering the facility of intercom** with Guayann it may be expected that these two noble 
plants, by fiir the finest of the order hi that part of America, will not be long unknown in our 
gardens. 













miMa* jtku/M/a 



Platk XL 



LEPTOTES SERRULATA. 



L- serrulate ; CflUle Milxlipiiyllo, foliis glaucis muculosis, labelli lobo medio 0M011 

lanceolate acuminate Intcrnlibus rotundatu serrulntis. 
Epidendre Gcoide, Deseourtih drawing*, plate 2S. p. (>.*{. 



£Ti 



O- 



Thii fine species is evidently diadnguialied from (he mre Lcptotc* bicolor by it* glaucou* 
leaves, which often grow in pair*, by it?* flower* which are three or four tinier a* lar»e. bv the 
hibcllum whidi is merely sircaked with rays of purple, and by tlic auricle* at it* base being 
*c mi luted. 

Tin? following is :i translation uf M. Dcscourtilz's manuscript account of the specie*. 

I 'hi* Humming plain i> especially r 1:1 irk; c I- fn llu swi*cl odour uf the Lilac which its (lower* 
exhale; It is found in blossom, iti tile month of Oiwrnber, on the trunk of Ccdrcln tree.-*, in the 
ancient Roea* of Brazil, where, without any sign of suHering, it survives tin* conflagration* that 
destroy so many other j>l;tuts. I also fount) it in plenty in tin? district of Upper Macahr, ami 
in that of lllm Grande, where however it is more ran*, 

The stum-* art cylindrical, creeping, covered wiilt a sort uf dry, >nmolh membrane, ofn ifllvcry 
whttencM, and covering a |>ortioii of the base* of each leaf. The leaves are cylindrical, thick, 
succulent, fusiform, deeply channelled on the upper side* glaucous green or bluish, dotted with 
violet-purple, especially underneath. There is a variety with tin* leaves twice a* long, and falcate. 

The &CAP1E8 are cylindrical, both terminal and axillary, bright purple, covered with acute alternate 
bracts. The ovauius an* very lomr, unhid into a drooping raceme. The PLOW BR- BODS are of a 
yellowish rose, protuberant in their base- The ilowkk in very large, Mellate : the SEPALS 
ribbon •shaped, rather broad, and white* as the purest enamel ; the FETAL3 narrower and thinner, 
but equally while. The lip has. at it* bas-o. two short rounded auricles; otherwise it is strap'shti|>ed 
at the base with a while centre, whence there radiate numerous lines of the most brilliant lilac, and 
i* afterward* dilated into an ovate pointed or lanceolate limb of a beautiful white. 



If 










./<///>(/////// JuwrJ/tlwM 



Plate XII. 



CYRTOPODIUM PUNCTATUM. 



Cyrtopodium punctatum. hindl Genera et £/>e«W Orchid, p. 188. Botanical 

Magazine, /. 350/ ♦ 
Epidendrum punctataltt. Linn. Sp> PL KM!). IVHUl Sp />/. 4. 116. 
Hcllchorinc ramosi^sinia. canliculia et lluribus maculosia. Plum. Plant. American* 

(. 18/. 






Although this plant has been already figured twice before, it deserves a place in this collection, 
for the representations above quoted in neither case give « correct likeness of it ; that in the 
Botanical Magazine Kwnw to have hecn taken from a bleached specimen. The plant from which 
the annexed drawing was prepared was sent me from Liverpool hy Richard Harrison, Esq. anil 
about tin* Mimr time I received it from Mr. Henry Shepherd who had (lowered it in the Botanical 
Garden. Liverpool* 

It is far more striking than the commonC. Andewmii, on account of the bright, deep criuwon 
stain* with which the braeta and flower*. a* well aa the flower-stems, arc richly variegated ; but in 
foliage and general habit i* *o like it as to be hardly distinguishable when not in blossom. 

The specie* is extensively distributed through the tropica! parts of America. I have wild 
specimens gathered in Si. Domingo by Mr. Charles Mackenzie, and oilier* found by Dcppe and 
Schiede in Mexico, on banal tic rocks at Ualpayo de Xaulingn, in the ticrra tvmplada, flowering in 
April* Mr. Gardner found it in Brazil, whence -Mr. Harrison'a plant wan received, and it exists in 
Dr. von Martin**:* Urmeiliaii herbarium, under the name of OncitJlum palmopkilim, patmis aliisque 
ttrhonbm parasiticus $yk* Catingas. jromtcfa Bahlmns ad Jtio dt Contas; ho. 1965. 

In stem and leaves this is extremely like Cyrtopodium Andcrsomt. The *C*pe i» from 
iwo to three feet high, round, branched above the middle, and finely dotted with dull purple; 
with a few membranous green gcalc*, which arc erect and sheathing near the base, undulated, 
oblong-lanceolate, rellexiil, acuminate, pale yellowish green, richly spotted and banded with crimson 
towards and among the flowers. The floweus arc regularly alternate upon the simple branches 
of n racemose panicle, about an inch apart, and nearly two inches in diameter. The seimls and 
petals arc spreading and a little rcflexed . the former are oblong-lanceolate, undulated, acuminate, 

or only acute, greenish yellow, ami blotched with crimson ; the latter arc bright yellow, of nearly 
the same sire and form, but less undulated and rather broader, with a few crimson spots near the 
hase. The mi* in about half an inch long, more fleshy than the other parts, shortly unguiculate, 
with a bright, deep, yellow ground colour, deeply threcdobed; the two lateral lobes obovate, 
rounded, rather wavy, and deep crimson j the middle lobe broader than loii<*. emarginate. doll 
crimson and closely tuberculated ut (he margin ; the disk i* a little Spotted and banded with yellow, 
and uj covered with pale yellow granulation*, which are collected into a circle in the centre, and 
are also a little dispersed over the unguis. The colvmh is grceu. 







Jrfrt ////// /////// ////////////////. 



Plate XIII, 



SCHOMBURGKIA MARGINATA. 



Schomburgkia marginal*., Supra plate 10. in the text. 



When Schomburgkia crisps was published a few months shin* in this work, mention was made of 
a second specie* of tin goons, of which I had received specimens from Mr, Schombnrgk, I have 
since been so fortunate a* to find a beautiful coloured drawing of this curious epiphyte, amon*; it 
valuably collection of figure* of Surinam plants, mode by direction of my friend John Henry Lance, 
lisij.. during In* residence in ihnl colony. From these material* 1 have been allowed 10 prepare the 
accompanying figure, corrected from specimens in my herbarium ; ami J think it will bear out tin* 
utatemenl formerly made, that the two ipecieS of Scliombnrykin Kn * among the most beautiful 
Orclitdnccn* i>f ironical America. 

Mr- Lance ha* favoured me with the following memoranda concerning this plant. 

" This epiphyte grow* abundantly near the town of Paramaribo in Surinam, in an avenue 
of very tine tree* of a specie* of Erythriiui. That tree ho* a very rough bark, and appear* 
particularly favourable for the growth of nil sorts of epiphytical plants the Imnk and branches being 
frequently covered with them. It rise* from (JO to 80 feet high* and is known by the name of the 
Coffee Mamma, from being planted UttODg the coffee for the purpose* of shade and shelter. 

11 Tlii* epiphyte is generally found *prjiigin<r from ihe tir*t or second fork of the tree, though 
now and then it is somewhat higher. I do not recollect finding it in any other pari of the colony, 
•ir growing upon any other species of tree. 

" I cultivated it in my garden, and it grew very tolerably on an old Mammen amerieanu ; but, 
like many others of the same class, would not flower in n pot filled with dead wood and mould; 
whence I conclude that in thi*> country it will require a living IfCO to support it, though 1 have more 
than once seen it growing vigorously on a very large branch which hail been blown down and 
become rotten. 

•■ The Howcr*stn1k begins to appear about January or February, and is frequently four feet high, 
mid when ihe whole of the flower* at it* summit are blown, it i* (he largest and most singular 
looking of tlie Orchidaccro that I observed in Surinam. 

11 It seems to prefer a situation moderately shady, though tit the dry season it i* capable of 
standing a very intense heat* as the specie* of Erytlirina on which it grows loses nearly the whole of 
it-* leave* at that time," 

Many living plants of this specie* were brought to England In- Mr. Lance upon hi* return 
from Surinam; bat although they were given to the most skilful cultivator* of Oreliidaccrc, 
they all died. In general appearance they were very like what is called the " Spread Eagle Plant," 
of which live specimens now exist in many collections, and it i* not improbable ihnt that plant, 
of whose flowers nothing i* known, may be a species of Schomburgkia. 




i 



Plate XIV. 



CYMBIDIUM ELEGANS. 



Cymbklium clcgnns. LindL in ff' m altich. Cat. wo. 7354, Genera el Species Orch* 163. 






A native of Nepal, whore it was discovered by l>r. Wnllich in 1831. The accompanying figure 
has been copied from a drawing in tin* povsession of tin Honourable Court of Directors of the E**1 
India Company, corrected from dried specimens 

Tlii* it* much the finest of the Indian Cymbidia, a* is evident from the figure. At pre* nl 
nothing is known of it* history or structure beyond what is here represented. 

The LEAVES are from one and a half to two feel long* and not more ilinn three-eighth* or half an 
inch wide, acuininnte and very obliquely einarginate at tin* point ; in texture thev are as rtoul 
a* a European Typha. and when dry, have about three principal veins on each side of the mid-rib ; 
at the base they eomhine into a broad, fleshy sort of bulb. The tiC.U'ti u rises from near the lM*c ol 
the leave*, is about eighteen inches long* and so loaded willi flower* for half its length, that it hangs 
down in a pcudulou* manner ; below the flower* it is loosely covered tvilh long, inflated, acuminate, 
imbricated scab*, which abruptly change into small, narrow, SCflb>likc brftCt& Til© RACEME i* from 
six to ten or eleven inches long, nodding, cylindrical, very compactly covered with pale salmon-colnim d 
flower** each rather more than one inch am) a half long, ami greenish before they C3CBMd. The 
&EPAL8 and petal* form a kind of inverted cone, so little do they open ; they art* linear-oblong, 
HCUte, mid of the satin- figure, hut the petals are the shorter and narrower. The UP i* parallel 
with the column, obovaie, straight* wedge-shaped at the base, divided at the point into three acute 
lobes, of which the middle one is the hroadest and longest ; it is of the same colour as thr tepalf, but 
is a little spotted with red. Along its centre there run* a doable elevated line {fix. I.) which i> 
separated near the base into two threading lamella*. The COLUMN is very long, etavale, half-terete, 
with a convex plain anther, a Utlh* prolonged in front, (fig, 2.) The poi.i.v.n* masses are two, 
hi :i "Ji.ped, furrowed out at the hack, and planted separately upon a transversely oval gland. In 
this respect the present species differs somewhat frmn other Into Cymbidia ; but not sulheienrly 
to deserve being made into u distinet genus. 



- 













j ut 






■ 



Plate XV. 



AERIDES AFFINE. 



Acridcs uflme. Watlivh Cat no. 7316. LindL Genera et Spc*\ Orchid* 2-51). 



A< Hiiiltilloniin. Roxburgh Fl* Ind. 3* M* 7 ** 



Tliis very beautiful epiphyte waa first discovered by Dr. Roxburgh in Sylhet. where it grows 
and flower* (luring the hot season; that Botanist called it AcritU* muhijtonmu but a> his Flora 
Indica had not reached Ku^lund in March 1333. when the third part of die Genera and Specie* 

of Orohidac&e was published, the name introduced into the latter work was Dr. Wallirh* A. affine* 

The last mentioned Botanist met with it on the southern mountain* of Nepal* near Sheopore. 

The accompanying figure has been prepared from a drawing hi die possession of die HonoumliLi 
Court of Directors of the EaM India Company, agisted by dried Specimen* Since it was made 
readv for publication the specie* has flowered in the collection of Messrs. Loddigro. 

In it* habit, leaves, and inflorescence, it is very like Sactoltibhtm tjnttatttn^ but the racemes 
arc more erect. The LEAVES aro distichous, channelled, truncate and notched at the apex, with a 
nharp intermediate mucro. The FLOWERS are scentless, deep ro**-colour. spotted with purple, in 
slightly drmipiair. rigid, cylindrical mcemes. about nine inches long* The vkiuckls arc short* and 
are subtended by a small, short, ovate, withering bract. The outer sepal* are oval, obtuse, the 
lateral one,* Winy shorter than the others, and the whole more fleshy than the petals. The fetal* 
are oblong, and very obtuse. The lip W Ovate, acute, "lightly thrcc-lobcd, wnvy or criip ai the 

ulye, larger ihun the petals spreading, wilt urvod, ehanncllcd unguis which is prolonged into a 

short conical spur* just below tin* Iwse of the lamina, and i» bordered with a rounded membranous 
margin. The COLUMN is very short, scmilerelr, pyramidal, with a linn:, narrow, deflexed, bitiil 
rostcllum. Tin* OAPflULEfl arc oblong, nWnt I hree*<p tarter* of an inch long, with three flat or 
bicarinate angles, and three intermediate elevated fleshy ridges. 

This is one of the finest of the East Indian Vniidnui* Orehidaeca\ Unfortunately its flower* 

have no smell. 



fT ft 







! . ■ ( (#$g 



■ 



Plate XV I. 



CYCNOCHES CHLOROCIIILON 



C, chhrfwhihn { raccmo subtrifloro subcrccto, sepal is ovalibus, jketalis paiilo mftjoribus 
falcatis, labcllo 8ubses$ili obovato acuto convcxo bast concavo: callo elevnto 
transvcrso obtUttO triangularis 

C. cblorochiloDf Klotzuh in Otto «\ Dietrfvhs Attgemcine Gartenzeittorg Jul;/ 21, 
1838. ». 225. 



This noble species of Cycnochcs has lieen introduced from Pcmerara by Messrs. Loddigctf, 
in whose collection the annexed figure was taken; it was also sent to Berlin in 183<i from 
Mnraeaybo by Mr. Mont/, a naturalist in tliat country, from the produce* of whose plant* Dr. 
Kiotzsch obtained tlic flowering specimen described in the work above quoted ; and I have seen 
a flower of it in the possession of the Messrs- Kollisson* of Tooting, who received il from Mr, John 
Youell. Nurseryman. Great Yarmouth. In every case of its. blossoming; three flower* were obtained* 
so that such may be supposed to be the number usually borne bv each raceme. 

In many respect?* il resemble* the Cycnochcs ventricosum figured in Mr. HattnianV princelv 
work on the Orchidacca* of Mexico and Guatemala, but it differs in the flowers being much larger, 
the raceme shorter and less graceful, tlie sepals mid petals broader and not so acute, and especially 
in the form of the lip, which in nearly sessile, obovatc and acute, not ovale and acuminate, green 
not while, with the broad green callosity at the base far larger and differently formed. 

In the stem and lea v ft* this plant does not sufficiently differ from the two other species of tile 
genu* to rcquiiv a particular description* The hackmk springs from the upper [tart of the stent, 
from among some dry, furrowed, acute, close-pressed scales, ami usually bears three flower*, of a 
uniform yellowish green colour, nearly six inches in diameter, and by their weight bearing down 
the peduncle in a slight degree, so as to acquire a nodding, not a pendulous, pusitiun* Of the 
.sepals the lateral ones are oblong, narrowed to the |>oint, but not acuminate, a little- longer than 
the labellnm, at the back of which thoy are placed almost parallel with each other ; the intermediate 
one is narrower, obtuse, a little spreading away from the column, whose curve it follows, except 
near the end. where it 1* somewhat recurved. The petals are broader than the lateral sepals, but of 
ihe same form, except that they are slightly falcate, with iheir concave edge next the lip. toward* 
which they are turned, so that the Mower has its parts expanded in two opposite directions: lite 
lateral sepals, petals, and lip upwards, and the intermediate sepal downwards. The LIP stands 
erect at the back of the flower, is about two inches and a half long, and nn inch and a nuartcr wide 
in the broadest part ; in texture it is Ann and fleshy ; in colour it is deep green ni the base, and 
a yellowish green every where else : in form it is widest and very convex u little above the middle, 
from which it is regularly orate ns far as the point: below the middle it narrows, and become* 
concave with thick, round, elevated, recurved edge** aad at the base it is contracted into a very shori 
thick fleshy unguis ; above (he unguis, and across it, is seated a thick, green, somewhat triangular 
but rounded callosity, scarcely a quarter of an inch deep. The column is about an inch and three* 
quarters long, very slender, green, wide at the base, tapering through the greater part of its length, 
and flattened out at the apex, where il terminates in three narrow fleshy teeth curved over ihe back 
of the anther, the middle one being the narrowest ; it bends away from the lip »o gracefully, that 
the two taken together almost describe the segment of a circle. 

The flowers are from five to eight inches in diameter, and are dclieiously fragrant. 



/T , 







. Tih \ < wmt W a w/tfflM4 ' v // - 



Platk XVII. 



SACCOLABTUM AMPULLACEUM 



S. mttputlaecitm i onule brOYUttiino, folits crnssissimis distichis ligttlntis rannliculntis 
apice truncatis dcntatis, rncemis oblongi* ereetis fuliis tuttlto brevioribus, scpalis 
petalisque ovatu patcntibus gubiequalibusj lubdlo ungusto actinium to concavo 
calcare coni|>rcsso pcndnlo «ln]>l<V breviore. 

S. ampullaccunii fjindl. in //'«//. Cat. no, 7307* 

Aerides ampnllaceunij R*ixb. Ft. /W. 8. 476. 



A native of tree* in the forests of Sylliet, where ii was long since discovered by Dr. Koxburgh * 
correspondents. It was subsequently met with liy Dr. Wiillich, near llemphedy. flowering in tin* 
month of .May, 

It is described as having a short and generally simple stem, which, from the lower part throws 
out strong itahy COrd-likc roots, by which the plant is bound to the tree it grows upon. The 
leave* are distichous, regularly spreading, remarkably thick, spotted with purple on both side*. 
Ugulate, about five inches long, wilh the edges nearly parallel, connate beneath, channelled 
Above, truncated and toothed at the apex. The flow ens are of a deep rose colour, and grow in 
erect, oblong, sessile, axillary* hacemes, which are very much shorter than the leaves. The 
1XOWBK-&TALKS and QVARY together are about an inch long. The sepals and petals spread Jlni. 
and are ovale, beautifully veined, and nearly equal. The lip i* linear, falcate, twice a* short an tliC 
sepals channelled, acute, rather curved upwards at the point, with a compressed, straight, Blender 
spur, alioiit a* long as the dower-stalk : at the base of the lip are two teeth pressed close to the base 
of the column, and parallel with it. Column short, with a small hollowed stigma in front. 
AxTttBR ptirplUh, 2-celled. ovate, obtuse, with a tooth transversely Curved downward* beneath the 
pollen-masses on each side. Pollex-masses two, globose, furrowed, with a long slender 
caudieuta. 

The foregoing description is entirely taken from Dr. Wallicli's MSS. no specimen of the plant 
having reached me. The figure is a copy from a drawing belonging lo the Honourable Court of 
Directors of the East India Company* I formerly supposed it to be the same as Saccolabhim 
rubrum, to which 1 have elsewhere quoted it as a probable synonyme. I am however now satisfied 
that it is a perfectly distinct specie*, distinguished by its short erect racemes, by the form of the 
lip, and by the leaves being regularly distichous, not all curved to one side* 










// /',/'/ /////// f&M&JC&ffJ 



Plate XVIII. 



DEXDROBIUM CCERULESCENS. 



D. r«rw/e^ce/w; caulecrecto airnoso lercti, foliis oblongis nbtusis cmnrgnmtis sufauu- 
dulntis, raccmis Iiorizonttilibus 2-3-lloris fuliis paulti brevioribuis pcriuutluu 
explanatoj sepnli** lineuri-obloiigis obtusis cinarginatis Intcralibus basi paulo 
product!^ |>ctalis Intioribtis oblongis apice recurvis, labetlo ovali subundulntn 
utrinqiic pnbcsronte apice conslricto piano glabro recurvu, antliera pubescente. 

IX crcrulcsccns, IVallich M$9. 



The species now represented has altogether (he habit of Dcndrobium nubile; when out of 
flower it so much resemble* that species that it maybe supposed to bo the name. In this resneet 
it accord* wilh several others of the genus, such as the Dcndrobin Pierardi, cucullatnm. And 
macrostachyum, which can scarcely be distinguished by their foliage. When in flower it i* 
strikingly different from Dcndrobium nobile; perhaps it is* noi quite so handsome, for it wants the 
very rich purple of that specie*: but in other respects it has beautiful feature* of its own- 
The sepals and petals have a delicate lingo of very pale bluish lilac, especially on their hack, and 
their form is more slender and graceful. Specific differences between the two are furnished by the 
shape of the lip and scjuds. both of which are much narrower than in Dendrobium nobilc, and the 
former has quite a different outline, as will he obvious upon comparison of the accompanying 
figure, ami that at plate 3 of this work. 

It was collected for His Grace the Duke uf Devonshire, by Mr John Gibson, at KuDgklOw, on 
the aOrbWn faeeof thoKhoscea range of hills, where it grows upon rocks and trunks of trees, at an 
elevation of not less than 4000 feet* The specimen now figured is Millicicntly beautiful wilh onlv 
ten flowers upon it ; but Mr. Gil»on states that he bund il loaded with from thirty to forty flower* 
on a stein. The accompanying plate has been prepared from a drawing and specimens sent hv 
Mr. Paxton from Chaisworth. where it blossomed in April 1838. 

The SEPALS, which spread nearly at equal angles from each other, arc about an inch and half 
long, und « quarter of an inch wide ; they are of a delicate bluish lilac colour, tinged with 
deeper purple at their cuds, and slightly pitted all over between the veins so as to acquire a 
tomcwhtt tessellated appearance ; they arc all notched at the apex, ami the lateral ones arc slichtlv 
extended on one side into a short blunt spur. The petal* are coloured like the sepal*, except (hat 
they are rather darker, and less tessellated; they arc oval, not cinurginate. but undulated ami 
carved back at their end* The lip is very exactly oval and concave, except that it is extended 
into a narrow Hat obtuse point, which is curved downwards ; its sides arc rolled round the column 
\\\ the buMf ami then curved outwards and undulated . it is rich crimson in the middle, yellow at 
the edge, deep rose colour at the apex, and is covered with conspicuous pubescence every where 
except at the point ; a* the flowers fade, the yellow changes to brownish purple, and becomes marked 
with purple veins. The column is very short, flat, and sloped forwards in front, convex at tin- 
back ; it is terminated by a peaked, purple, hairy anther 

Pig. L represents the column and anther, with the bases of the sepals and petals, the lip beiiitr 
removed. Pig. 2. is the lip unrolled, rather magnified, ami seen from above. 













I i< f! </irftJ ftitfiitlta 









Plate XIX. 



CAMAROTIS PURPUREA. 



C. purpurea, lAndL Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 219. 
Aeridcs rostrntum, HoxL Fl> tad. vol 3. 474. 



Tbil beautiful and graceful plain, a native of the forests of Sylhel, wan originally obtained by 
Dr. Wallich in April 1819. from Dr. Carey's Garden at Scrampore, whin a drawing was made by 
(In* artists employed in the Botanic Garden. Calcutta, from which the principal part of the materials 
for the accompanying figure have been taken, by permission of the Honourable Court of Director* 
of the East India Company. 

It has not yet been introduced into European cultivation. Dr. Wnllich. whose manuscript 
account lies before me, describes it a* a climbing plant, with fragrant flower* : it must, therefore, \*< 
particularly well worth inquiring for in India. 

The following description is partly translated from Dr. Wnllich 1 * papers, hut is altered in n y 

raipccta after the examination of dried specimens. 

Leave* linear, about three Inches long, and four or fire lines broad, coriaceous, Spreading, and 
slightly curved, truncated, usually obliquely, ai the point with two, three, or four domiciliation^ at 
the hase slightly sheathing the stem, which i* two-edged. Racemes opposite the leaves, straggling, 
ascending, sometimes twice as long as the leaves, sometimes much shorter. Flowbh* purple, spread 
open. Pedicels half an inch long, including the ovary. Sepals pale purple, oval, obtuse, scarcely 
half an inch long ; the lateral united to the back of the lip, except at the point, where they diverge ; 
they form together a single, wedge-shaped, twodobed body. Petals of the same shape a* the 
doisal sepal, but darker purple near the upper end. The lip is narrow, channelled at it* base, 
united at the back for more than half the length to the lateral sepals, furnished at the apex with a 
hollow conical chamWrhnvm^ 

process proceeds, and lies down over the orifice ; in all respects of a deeper purple than the other 
segments of the perianth ; otherwise the lip may be described as thrcc-lobed, with the lateral 
lobes united by their faces except near the point, which is inflated and extended into u hollow 
obconicnl chamber, over the aperture into which the intermediate subulate lobe is inflected. TTie 
Coluuh is very short, round, with the rostellum prolonged into a conical subulate l>eak, emtnrinatQ 
at the apex, and many times longer than the column. ANriir.ii placed upon the back of this beak, in 
such a way that while it terminates the column it i* almost inverted in position by the ascending 
direction of the beak, prolonged at the point into a thin, narrow, sharp appendage, not quite 
two-ecllcd. Pollen-masses two, globose, attached to the end of a long subulate caudicula, which 
adheres to a dilated peltate gland. 

The extremely curious structure of the lip. which is distinctly chambered at the point. U»ne 
of the principal circumstances by which this genus is distinguished among its allies. Dr. Roxburgh 
says, thai Itelbrc expansion the heak of the column is lodged in thin cavity of the lip. 

Fig, 2. of the dissections, represents the chamber, as the lip is viewed from above ; fig. 3. ahem 
it more distinctly, in consequence of the lip having been cut through vertically ; fig. L t* n haok 
view of the whole flower, representing the adhesion of the lip and the lateral sepals to each other * 
fig. 4, shews the column, with the long beak-like rostellum and pollen-mane*, ftc, the anther baring 
dropped off. In this figure the gland is erroneously represented as cmarginute instead of peltate. 



W Boi. Garden, 













W 



* 







' 



; M ' 






* 




><*M 



^ i 



ffitttfu ?■>>' Iffl ■ 



* *- .. 






PtATE XX. 



STANHOPEA WARDII, 



S, /f *ardii ; raccino pemlulo multilloro, scpalis lateral! bus subrotiimlo-nblniigig con- 
cavis ncutis bast alto comiati*, pctnlis lanocolatis umlulalis re volutin, liv|>ocliilio 
sessili niigiisto saceato iiittis tuberculato medio ati^ustiorc inarginibus approximntis 
tlcp ressis comphumtis busi commtis, tncsochiiio utriiifiuc cornuto in medio sinu 
corimum fovoato, cpiclulio cormuuii lon*jitn<luie subrotumlo-nvato ncuto imliviso 
roarginibus reciims. 

S. Warxlti, Lodtttges in lilt. 



The species of this genus are so easy to cultivate, mul wiih good management tlicv produce 
tlieir hcuuliful and singular flower* in such great abundance* tlint every addition to their number 
become* tin object of great interest. Thai now figured was sent to Kngland from La Guavni by 
Mr. Ward, after wliom it has been named liy Mr. I-oddigo*, to whom I am indebted for the specimen 
that furnished the accompanying figure. It has aluo been sent mc by Mr. Darker of Birmingham, 
who obtained hi* plant from Messrs. Lowe and Co. of Clapton, and who speak* of it* appearance 
as being very striking, when its (lower*, eight in each raceme* first expanded. 

It differ* from Stanhope* qnodrtcorittS in the lower part of the lip not having a strong horn 
on each side : from S. oeidntti t in the lip being sessile, not stipitatc, and a great deal shorter in 
proportion to tin* Olh©r part*; and from S. saccata, an unpublished species of Mr. BatemanV, in tin* 
middle segment of the lip not being 3dobed. in the sharpness of the petal*, and in the form of the 
horns of the lip, 

I am not aware of any thins in the foliage or pseudo-bulbs which deserves particular notice, or 
indeed in any other part except tin; flower. As is usual in ibis ^cnus the distinctions between the 
Specie* principally consist in variations of the form of the part)* of that organ. The sepals are a clear 
bright yellow, rather paler on the outside than on the inside, and strongly dotted with small scattered 
blotches of crimson ; those in front of the flower are romidish*ublonir, concave, acute, and united 
for some distance by the base of their anterior margin. The P8TA10 uro of n clearer and paler 
yellow, and are blotched with crimson in a «inu1nr manner ; they have a lanceolate form, are very 
sharp pointed, much undulated, and rolled back till their points overlap behind the intermediate 
sepal. The LIP is nearly sessile; the lower half or hypoclnlium w very thick and fleshy, 
hollowed out ni the base, a little contracted in the middle, almoin ihree-cniarters of an inch luii", and 
half an inch wide ; it* edge* are depressed, as if they were planed smooth, almost touch each other 
throughout, and are actually united at the base ; it* colour is it deep yellow -orange, with four large 
deep crimson btotebe* near the base ; the middle or mesochilium i* prolonged on each side into two, 
curved, sharp-pointed, fleshy horns, between whose bases there is a Jittle foramen with an elevated 
fleshy border on one side; the upper end or cpichilium i> roundish-ovate, fleshy, sharp-pointed, 
undivided, concave in the centre, with the edge* curved downward*: l>otli U and the middle arc 
a light yellow, delicately dotted with crimson. 

The ioridc of the hollow base or the lip is covered over with numerous round tubercle*, which 
give it the singularly rich and sparkling appearance of a grotto lined with purple and yellow spar 
It* outside i* also studded with little elevations, hut they arc hardly visible to the naked eye, or only 

>■ 



! 

i 









■ppear in the form of a fine downiness. An examination of the anatomical itnicture of this part 

has revealed some facts which deserve to l*e described. 

Let the direction* m the bottom of ih« plita represent very thin vertical dice* of tin* thick 
base of the lip, magnified about 500 lime* in diameter. A shew* tlio appearance of the* tubercular 
lining, three of the glittering callosities being cut through ; they consist of cellular time arranged 
with great regularity* and there is no distinct cuticle, but UiO thickness of the sides of the exterior 
cells is greater than that of the interior : some of the cells are filled with yellow colouring matter 
or chlorophyll of a granular nature, others contain a rod fluid (l t 1); the yellow in the cells next 
the surface (2,2) is paler and less granular lb;m that in the inner cells (3, 3) ; cell* still further 
from the surface (4) gradually contain less granular matter, which appears to slick exclusively 10 

the side*, and not to float iu the interior. B represent* a similar view of the tissue forming the 

outer surface, at a part where the colour i* uniformly yellow; the whole of the colls contain 
exclusively yellow granular matter, which becomes less dense as you proceed from the surface (4) 
towards the interior (ft) ; here also there is no distinct cuticle, or layer of empty cells ; the surface 

is covered closely with conical cells, which form the almost invisible downiness of that port C is 

a similar view of the same part, at u place where the colour is both yellow and purple ; it is more 
magnified ; in this case it is seen that the colouring matter is distinctly separated into Separate cells, 
and that the colour of one does not interfere with that of the other, but that the yellow is lodged 
m one cell (1,5) and the purple in others (4); the hairs themselves are sometimes filled with purple 
fluid, as at 3 ; sometime-** they arc almost colourless, as at 4 ; or they are stained yellow, by the 
addition of grumou* matter of that colour to their interior, as at I. At 3. it is seen that the hairs 
occasionally grow together at the base* 

Thus it appears that the varying lini* of colour which are found in flowers are not produced by 
colours proper to tho tissue of which they are composed, or by n confuted mixture of colouring 
matter below the surface, hut arc caused by different colours, separately deposited in separate cells, 
which are themselves uniformly colourless ; I could not perceive that any of the yellow was ever 
developed in the purple cells, and certainly the reverse did not exist ; now and then yellow colour 
appeared to come from the interior of a purple cell, but this I believe was owing to a purple cell 
being placed between the eye and a yellow cell. These facts are in accordance with what has 
been observed by Botanists in other case*. 

The yellow cells uniformly presented a grutnoiis or granular appearance, in consequence of 
their chlorophyll being collected into irregular spherules of various sixes, but I could not succeed 
in delecting any amylaceous mutter iu the interior of the spherules. The effect of applying tincture 
of iodine was to destroy the brilliant orange yellow, and to convert it into that dull olive brown which 
usually follows the application of this agent to the resinous secretions of plant*, but I sought in vain 
for any *ign of blue in the interior of the granules* In one case* however. I remarked a small portion 
of the membrane of a cell stained blue, much in the same way us is represented in Link's Iconts 
Anatomic**, tab. xvi. fig. 13 in the tubercle of Salop. The application of dilute sulphuric acid 
coagulated the yellow granules into a ball in the middle of each cell, and changed their colour to an 

olive green. 

While the yellow colour appeared to Ire entirely produced by tho presence of matter in a 
granular state floating in colourless fluid, the purple was iu many cells as uniformly caused by 
n purple fluid without granule : but in the deepest coloured cells, as at C 2, and 3, there was 
evidently a tendency to granulation, although, when the contents were pressed out of such cells, no 
distinct granules could be found. Iodine produces uo other effect Upon the purple than to render 
its colour less brilliant ; but diluted sulphuric acid, without discharging the colour, renders it distinctly 
grnmOUi, I do not know whether lUia effect is produced by the acid coagulating the purple 
chlorophyll, or whether it merely renders distinct and firm that which was previously semifluid and 
undUiin<ruUhnhlo. I am however persuaded that the amylaceous centres, round which Professor 
Mold conceives the chlorophyll to mould itself in the interior of vegetable tisane, do not exist in 
this Instance- 



>' 



II has been staled, that ilioto is no distinct cuiiclc to l>c found in this pan of (he Stanhopca ; 
thai is to say, there is no membrane, composed of empty cell*, which can bo discovered cither by 
tearing it off, or by n vertical .section : such indeed is a general fuel in petals and pctaloid parts. It 
is probable that in these organs its place is supplied by » great thickening and developemcnt of thai 
external homogeneous membrane, first noticed by M. Adolplie llrongnlart, afterwards found by 
Professor Henslow. and subsequently described by myself and oilier*. That it exists in a state of 
great toughness, in very delicate flowers, has lately been shewn by me in Hydrohonia Meleagris, and 
in this Stanhopca it is also present, although I did not succeed in detaching it. In general it 
adheres so firmly to the cells it lies upon, that it merely adds to their thickness, as is shown n( A, B, 
and C. and cannot be distinguished. But it also rises above the surface in the form of hairs, and 
then the cell itself has no adhesion to it, but appears in the form of a lax, shrivelled, internal 
membraneous sac. as at B 2, and elsewhere in that figure; the cell however, if filled with fluid, 
extends so as to fill the whole cavity of the hair, as at C 3. In this latter case the membrane 
adapts itself to the surface of the cells, and may bo distinctly seen at their angles. 

Possibly the hairs of plants are generally formed in this way; namely, of homogeneous cuticular 
membrane, covering cells free at the sides, and only adhering to the parenchyma at I ho base. I am 
led to Ibis supposition from cornering tlio hair* of Stanliopea. Tradescantla. Campanula lropuneulus. 
Polystncliya luteola, and others of like nature, all of which are evidently formed upon the same 
plan, and in which it is probable that the phenomena of circulation may be observed. In these hairs 
there i, always a nucleus (B 3). in the inside of a sac or cell, which latter distends when wet. and 
contracts afterwards, or after death, then leaving a considerable space between its sides and those 
of the hair (B 1). It is in this space, which, when the hair U full of life, is extremely small, that 
the motion of the fluids take* place, as is manifest in Tradeseanlia and Campanula Hapunculus. 
I have not. indeed, succeeded in seeing any circulation in the hairs of Stanhopca ; but when they 
nre killed by iodine the inner sae contracts and becomes more distinct, and then appear on the 
outside of the sac, especially between its end and the point of the hair, evident traces of a 
reticulation, which may be supposed to be a plexus of capillar)- laticifcrous vessels, whose contents 
nre coagulated by the action of iodine. 

Fig. D. represents a portion of the mesochilium. with the horns and part of the epiebilium cut 
off; this figure is given for the purpose of shewing the foramen that exists between the bases of the 
two horns, and the nature of which is at present unknown. 






I . 







/ 



/ff ///-/**** tf/w//f//J 






I 



Plate XXI. 



MILTONIA CANDIDA. 



M. Candida ; pscudobulbifl oralis npicc ouguatatis diphyllis, foliia angtutis rncc.no 
brevioribus, bracteis oralis niembrmmccis concaris squamiefonmbus, eepalis 
petalisque oblongis (equalibus, labello subrotundo crispo circn columnam convo- 
1,1,0 ■"*' 5-laniellato, coliiiiinii pubescente basi Mauri, clinandrio crispo membra- 
iincco-inargiiinto atrinirao in nlnrn decurroiitc. 

Millonia Candida. Hot. Register, 18-18. mite. no. 99. 



This Bruv.ili.rn epiphyte is one of ll.c most noble of its race, and is scarcely rivalled by any or 
the beamiful species of Dendrobiun. or CoHloya. When il first (lowered, ii was out of health, tl.e 
.pmrnen was in an unnatural Mule, and consequently the brief character assigned to it i„ J, 
liiiiiiiiica) itcgistcr requires muelt modification. 

It differs in the structure of it* eolnnm and labellnm in so many respects from ihc Original 
Millonia. that if much experience had not taught mo lo judge more Correctly of the value of such 
difference* among Vandea), this would have been regarded as a new gen.... In the first place, ihe 
bed in wbiel. il... anther lies b bordered by a fringed margin, which runs a little way down the front 
of the column in Ihe form of two (tape ; in Miltonia -pcclabilis this is not the ease, two auricles 
only appearing on the front edge of the column ; but in Oncidium cucullatum"', a specie, related 
to O. Lanoam.m. and about the go.ms of which ll.ere can be no doubt, the anther-bed is in like 
manner hooded by the thinning away of (lie margin. This tendency on the part of a body usually 
so fleshy as the column, lo become membranous, is met with in various degrees in many well known 
genera, especially In Ccriogyne, Calypso, and Pachyphyllum, and is always to be regarded by the 
systematist with some suspicion, with reference to its affording a valid mark of generic distinction, 
unless it exists in excess, a* in Ccntropcialum». a Peruvian g,,,,,*, j„ wh ich iho column i- not 
only entirely petaloid. except at the Hue which hears the stigma end anthers, but coloured like the 
lip. and completely convolute. 

The cucullalc character of ihc Up is another circumstance in which this species is obviously at 
variance with ihe original Uillonia ; but ihe same difference is found between Cattleya bicolor and 
other species of thnt genu*-. 

The pseudo-bulbs are ovale with a long neck, and arc each terminated by a pair of coriaceous 

1.FAVKS, which are narrow, spreading, and shorter than the raceme, which springs fr. he axils ul 

Ihe primary leaves, which surround ihc base of the pseudo-bulb. Each bacbmb consists of fiveorsix 
flowers, which arc separated from each other by intervals of from one and a half tu two inches, and 

<**.,* .epife «V~«o <***& .nfcnprib- ««U raolMi . |1PU&H{W mJibci „„„,,,, ^^ |lM|o ^I^^SE 
n ^ m.™ I,™, n™.™ wtfx, hac^tai apouiw. . u l*.~l }»«*, „,,„, .tajfa™, ^ mak M()ll STUrf,^, 
MMku. .a.*™", rbwdno o»lU. a /. „,***«, ««™,„ crirfWU -«,u Pi&*d*, J™*™ 

jv^m. infer tk&t*r** Mnthcvt. 



i iiiWprrini™. Pcnria, pr*r. Omk*. 






hang nearly horizontally. Ttio floweiw themselves arc nearly three and a half iuehe> in diameter; 
their ftfiPALft ami PETALS are oblong, rather obtuse, spreading - rpinllj , much undulated, and mottled 
with rich brown upon a dull yellowish ground. The lip is while, ray much undulated, rolled 

round the coh , wlien spread open almost orbicular, with a small downy tubercle at it* very base. 

and five elevated line* running from it towards the upper end ; of these lines the central and outside 
one* arc shorter than the intermediate one ; the latter and the external lines arc slightly toothed, the 
central one is uninterrupted. The COLUMH i* short, downy, with two fleshy truncated ear* at 
the base, and a winged crisp anther bed, which run* down in front, on each side of the stigma, in 
the form of two flaps. The A OTHER itself is round and hairy. Fig. J. represents the inside of a 
lip, spread open ; 2, is a front view of the column ; 3, an anther ; and 4, the pollen-masses, with 
their caudicula and gland ; one of the pollcnonas*cs being cut across to slicw that it i* excavated ai 
the back. 

As n genus Miltonia nerd only be compared with Oneidium, Cyrtochihun, and Odontoglossum. 
It differs from the first in it* lateral sepals being not only distinct, but spreading equally from the 
eon lit* and not placed txriiraih the column; in it* lip being either flat or convolute, undivided, not 
lobed or indented at the sides ; and finally in the elevations at the base of the lip not being tubercles 
or other convexities, but simply plates following the course of the veins. With Cyrtocbilum it 
agrees in the latter character, but it differs in its lip not being tapered to the point or unguiculatc, 
and much more developed. Trow Odontoglossum it is known by its lip not being unguiculatc, nor 
furnished with a pair of punt II el often eonlluent plates at the base, and by its short column. 







A////^VA/ .////•//// 



I'M.. XXII. 



CATTLEYA SUPERBA. 



C.svper&a; foliis ovnto-oblongia obtusis coriaceifl nurginatis cnule clavato brevioribus, 

scpnlis oblongis ncutiuscnlis, petatis l&nceol&tis acntu membrimnecis duplA li.ti- 
oribtis.lnbclli trilobi cncullnti lobw InterulibiiB ncutis : intermedin transrcno plant) 
denticulate emarginato subunguiculato basi venis clevatis rugoso ; callis duubus 
pone basin. 

Culllcya supcrba. Schomburgk in /ill. 

Catlleya Schombnrgkii. Loddigett Orchid, no. 434. 



This magnificent sweet-scented Catlleya ha* been found In British Guayana by Mr. Schomburgk. 
who sen) a live plant of ii lo Messrs. Loddigcs, and n drawing to llie Linncan Society, by permission 
of whirl. I am :.lsle- lo publish it in this work. 

The plnnt represented by Mr. Schomburgk a inferior in size to n dried specimen seal by him 
to me, the stem of the Intlor Wing ten inclica long, and stout in proportion. Tho flower*, if not so 
largo as those of Catlleya Mourn, are, from tho richness of (heir colours, inferior to none in beamy. 

Tho following is taken from the account of this plant communicated to the TJnncan Society by 
Mr. Schomburgk. 

» The specie* in an epiphyte. The stem is narrow at the base, and increases in diameter 
upwards : it is however seldom more tliaa two inches in circumference ; when young it is covered 
with sheaths resembling the spathc, except in position, and so closely imbricated that the stem 
appear* to be round ; but in old specimen*, whence the sheaths have fallen, it is found to bo com- 
pressed and deeply channelled. From tho apex of the stem spring two coriaceous, elliptical, acute 
leaves, between which the peduncle mokes its appearance from the midst of a large foliaceous 
spathe ; the latter when young il striated and speckled, but soou dries up and becomes slrmw- 
colonred. The peduncle bean from three lo sis Plowebb, each between five and six inches in 
diameter. The sepals arc fleshy J tlic two lateral almost acinaeiform, the intermediate one lanceo- 
late, the whole terminated by a sharp greenish point. Tlio petals are somewhat larger, wavy, ovate- 
lanceolate, toothlettcd toward, tho upper end ; both sepals and petals arc of a beautiful pink colour. 
their lower lurftce being paler with a bluish cast. The lip is 3-lobed, and cucullalo; (he middle 
lobe is rounded and saddle-backed, wavy, apiculate, and along its edge denticulate, of a dark purple 
colour, but yellow and Striated in the middle ; the lateral lobes Told over the column and each 
other, are recurved at ,|„. uppor end. deep purple on tho outside becoming paler downwards, 
yellowish white in (he inside. IV column has an incurved denticulated margin, and is white tinged 
with pink at the base. 

' This plant appears to be peculiar to the 3rd or 111. degree of N. Lai. j it is not to be met with 
in the Essequibo north of the mouth of the llupnnuny i from (hence it is found southward* on trees 

which skirt the banks of the brooks and rivers which meander through the savannahs. I ,1, , , ,.,| 

only a few solitary specimens in the Es*c |U ibo south of the Cayuwiai, and ..one at the equator. 
The Caribees «.ll it Opmwpoduli, or Ducksmoull,. the Mocoosee* Matamt. 1 venture to say that in 
bCtttlty. odour, and duration, it is not to be surpassed by any orchidaceous plant ; the odour in the 
morning and evening becomes too powerful in a confined place : its splendid (lower? last fro... three 
to four weeks." 















Although only now brought into notice, lite aperies was mmiy year* *ine* discovered by 
Or- A on Martin*, who found if n^itr Tnrnma nn the kink* of tin- Itio Xegro, in woods at (he Bnrra 
tie Rio Negro, ami in forests m nr Pari. 

h i* readily distinguished from nil previously de*eribed specie* by its thnvlohcd lip with acute 
lateral Moments, the middle lobe being Hut, toothtcUrd and emarginate, and by the cluster of 
elevated veins at the junction of tho eptchilium and bypoelrilium, 

Tlie species of this beautiful genua have not been well defined, They are with dilliculty pre- 
served as dried ipcCfctena ; they have been described at various times from plants in different states, 
and for a small genu* there is probably ax much to comet or amend in the genus Cattleya as in any 
in the whole order. I therefore lake thU opportunity of making some observalions upon this 
subject 

In the first place it i* necessary to remove from the genu* Cattleya coccinca. which is Sophro* 
mti* grandilloru; C. Grahami and maxima, which are Lrclias ; and C. domingensis. which is 
possibly a species of Barkcriu. 

Of the genuine specie* then left there are two sections, the fii>! <if which bos mi undivided lip ; 
and the other a lip with three deep distinct Iota*. 

The/™* tecii&n consist* of C. crispa. labi.ua. bicolor, pumila, and Mossiii*, with the unpublished 
C. Skinneri of Mr, Hntcinaii, which is nearly related to the last. 

Of the second stcftmt C. elatior has to be expunged, having been founded upon a had toll 
specimen of C. guttata ; C, Perrinii is readily known by the narrow middle Iota of it* lip, and its 
cuniculaie ovary; C. eilrina has yellow flower*, and is otherwise well marked; C. supcrta has 
already been spoken of; the remainder consist of C. Forbesii, intermedia, Loddigcsii, ovata, 
Ilarrisonii, and maritime Of these C. Forbcaii has the back sepal and the petals very narrow, the 
middle lobe of the lip rounded and not entarginale. and two elevated lines along the middle of tlie 
axis; C- maritima has small roundish ovate leaves, but its llowcrs have not been sufficiently 
examined; and C. intermedia, ovata, and Harrisonii are probably varieties of C, Loddigcsii ; at 
least I am unable to point out any positive marks of distinction between them. 




ft .■■ 



, Wn//f/J Afrt>/<*> 















,, 



Platk XXIII, 



PHAIUS BICOLOR. 



Phoius tricolor. Genera $ Specie* of Orchidaceous planls, p. 128. 



It is in Ceylon, in .liy pastures, on the side* of high bills near Penubnia, the village „!„.„. 
the Botanical garden is stationed, thai this charming plant grows wild, and flowers in November. 
Ii was first made known to me by Mr. Jam,* Macrae, who unfortunately died a few month* after 
lib arrival in the bland, and I have since seen a drawing by Mr*. Walker, in the possession of Sir 
Wm. Hooker, from wbieb the accompanying plate hiw been prepared. 

I( is probably alive in the nursery of Messrs, Loddigcs, as it seems to be the only Pharos found 
in Ceylon, and it appears from their Catalogue llmr there is a species from that island in their vast 
collection. 

From a fleshy knobby khizona. like that of an Iris, the leave* and hWr-sicms spring inde- 
pendently of each other. The leaves are about a foot and a half long, do not taper into a distinct 
petiole, but arc rolled round each other at the base : they arc plaited and very sharp pointed ; at 
the base on the outside they are invested with green scale*. Tbo flower-stem is a* much as two 
feel high, naked at toe lower part, bat nt the upper end covered by large, distant, yellow and crimson 
(lowers, which arc nearly four inches in diameter. The DRACT8 are largo, greenish yellow, oblong, 
concave, and are thrown off as the flowers expand. The sepals and petals are li'ncar-lanceolnlc] 

spreading, taper-pointed, and nearly of the same size. The lip is very much broader, oblong, rolled 
round the column, much undulated at the edge, acuminated, and curved downwards at the upper 

end. with a pink limb and a yellow tube ; at its base it is lengthened into a curved horn, which is 

emarginate at the point, and about one-third the length of itself The flowers do not appear to be 

fragrant. 

It would seem that there are two varieties of this plant ; viz. that now figured with crimson 
sepals and petals, and a pink lip ; the other with every part yellow except the lip ; the latter I 
know only from a drawing in my library executed in Ceylon by a native artist. 









I 







\ <f/tfif/A, ff//t ////*,?/ //**/ 



I 



Plate XXIV. 



CALANTME PLANTAGTNEA. 



C. plnnlngincn. Genera «$- Species of Orchidaceous plants, p. 250. 



The species of Ci.hu.lho are so very beautiful, and their cultivation *o easy, as 10 render it qui.e a 
subject of regret that there should not be more of them in our gardens. Of at least twcnlylwo 
species, inhabiting various prts of tropical Asia, not more than five or six hare been seen alive in 
this country, and these nre not the handsomest. 

That which forms the subject of the present notice was originally discovered by Dr Wallirh 
«l.ose manuscript notes arc before me. and from one of whose drawings the accompanying plate 

ha, been prepared, by the permission of the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India 
Company. 

It was found common ahonl the roots of trees i>. various mountain places in the valley or 

Nipnl. and in the forest on the snmmit of Mount Chandaghwy, where it w„s beginning to flower 

in the month of February. The following is translated from Dr. M'nllieh's Latin description of the 
plant. 

The boots are thick, white, and clustered, smooth when old, but originally covered with dense 
white hairs. The STBH is a creeping rl.ir.oma, with round knobs, whence the 'leaves are produced 
The leaves arc orate, acute at each end. from si* to right inches long, wavy, smoo.h. shining on the 
upper s.de, plaited, with five principal and several smaller veins, which project on the underside of 
the leaf; their STALK is about six inches long, deeply channelled, angular, gradually widening 
upwards. The ftOAPB springs from ihe outride or the leaves, and is from a foot to a foot and a half 
high, taper, often lingcd with purple ; at the base it is enclosed in three or four sheathing scales 
each from two lo three inches long, striated, angular, and obliquely acuta at the point ; together 
thee soles form a tube about three limes wider than the scape. The FLOWEns are arranged in an 
oblong terminal raceme, from six to eight inches in length, and closely covered with rather large 
pal* PUrple, fn.gn.nt tlowers. placed upon PBDIOKU about hairan inch long, and covered with short 
down like all the external pans of the flowers. The bracts arc linear-lanceolate. abon. four line- 
ong. downy, and nearly white. The ,mm is spread open, and pale violet; the sepal, are 
lanceolate, acute, and about five-eighth, r an inch long, those a. the base of the labellum h av i„. 
one or their edges more convex „„,. „.,. olllcr . „,, P8TAM orc ^ ^ ^^ . ( ^ « 

-M,ly fa.ea.c and reflexed. The ..,, is a.kcd, thrccpartcd. with cu„ea.c-obova,c segments, of 
Winch .hose at .he s.de are more obtUSO than .hat in the middle, which is apicnla.e : a, the l«*c it 
■s a httlccontraced. has three tubercles, and then becomes connate with the column, for the whole 
length of the Utter : at this part it is compressed, has somo reflexed hairs inside, and at the base 
.* prolonged ,n,o a slender .mt, which is notched at the end. pendulous, and a. long or I, 
ilimi tin? t>c*licel. 



iQnnr 



The fragrance of the flowers of this species is the more remarkable, because those which 
have in cult.vat.on. or of which there is any particular account, arc sccntle*. 



we 



The figure a, the bottom of the plate represents a lip. with the column to which i, adhere, 
spur nad the ovary, a linle magnified. 



■ 






I 




/>/////>^'// />//// M&etf/t&fy&M 



I 



I 



Plat.: XXV. 



CYRTOCHTLUM MACULATUM. 



Cyrtocliilum ninculntum. Botanical Register, 1838, wise, no. 3f). /. 44. Know/** 
and Wtotcott, Floral Cabinet, t 57. 



Although the plan of this work is not to admit any plant of which a figure has been previously 
published, yet tlie variable appearance of tlic present species, and tin: great beauty of some of it* 
varieties, seem lo justify a deviation from the rule, especially as it is impossible to do justice to the 
species on a page the size of the monthly Botanical |tcriodicuIs. 

The specimens which first flowered had hut little beauty, (he colour of their sepal* mid petals 
being green i and the number of flowers inconsiderable : but there have lately appeared, among 
the plants sent from Vera Crux to the Horticultural Society of London, by Mr. Ilartweg. many 
specimens in which a rich yellowish brown is substituted for green, the sue of t lie flowers much 
increased, and the whole inflorescence arranged in a large nodding panicle, instead of a few (lowered 
raceme Among the varieties ODe which is in the possession of John ltogcrs. Kswj. Jim. of Scvenoaks. 
has been selected for illustration. 

1 1 is not merely ils beauty that renders this specie* valuable ; its fragrance is of the most delicate 
kind, resembling primroses; it is very easily cultivated, and it remains in flower a considerable lime* 
At Plate Vll. of Ihis* work 60010 observations were made upon the difliculty of finding a good 
distinction between Cyrtochilum and Oncidium. This*, and some other plants now in cultivation, 
having rendered it necessary that the question should be fully considered. I have been led into an 
extensive examination of these two genera and of Odontoglossum, also vaguely characterized, which 
lias led me to the following conclusions. 

Cyrtochilum is not to he distinguished from Oncidium by any character derived from its 
column, for in this respect they an- *>m -uiially the *ame. JI, Kimih assigned his specie* a column 
winged at the margin, and not nurieled, as in Oncidium and Odontoglossum ; but the auricles are 
not found in Oncidium corynephorum' ! , and scarcely in O. cordauim '; two new Peruvian specie* 
nearly allied to Oncidium mac rant limn. The convexity of the lip of Cyrtochilum is not greater than 
is found in many common Oncidia. and is much less than in O. excavatum^, in which the tuber- 
cular b.ivr U excavated into a kind of niche, the opening of which looks towards the apex of the 
lip. Neither will the undivided margin of the lip iiflbrd a more valid mark of distinction, for 
independently of all other cases. I have not fewer than three unpublished species of Oncidium in 
which the lip is perfectly entire, viz* O* eochleatum^', aureum 1 *^ and bmchynndrum*. 1 du not, 

(I ) OltttfcMTM ffminfl ; nmdotiulbu ftiwutfiMiitii* drapvis fcfiii angiuM UnttttUtb ncuiiulink «np> rammo raakuUlo. 
bfflirtrii- mtm &tm K&i mbnXfcwli. c-Uuwiiris mjhIi* |^In)k^ >qbMuinlo-QblQa£i* loagj < uiijpiinilbU\ Ubdl<* mili oJxmtfr 



rutunlitu : e»HftlH^-<lrj»jo»iia^triiii*U**fvn*^ /Vnritt, MuUVnt |IOtS), 

{2,) Ow«mm«fA»M; remfebulbt* folib <&k»n^bdic*oUrii acuta cixucn* Ux*i *^u*titis «a^-) jnm™lflli> mnoHMiiTW, 

bratttn olilmifo* rut uUMm mcubrautrit oUtub, xpftl» my,wu.nti* m*ti* umliiLilis pplnlu un^uicuUtU tonlalii mircinc crc-« 
oW*uLitit, UbfUl ta*uti uiitfuxuiiti lob** auguuit acamiiuiU sfipttidiabui dbri ]w^it|tU» o&iiuA iab*^^t^-W*nm-t ; 
r»pH*iorfrip**jt*t*iuuprvpr /Vinywr. MHlhrwt (106?)* 

(3) Onci&ICM *rj*raiw/*T* ; pvmlobulbit fclijtqu* «*;*> puufulato. bnclvti ■uiumlfonmbut mctnbmca^vk *C4U\ tfitttt* 

LtiT-iliW <fcnnlu oUu»U libera tvpmiw rafirtuo ftftil-% |^ulti liicmbnwot* obltmj-i. rrtu.i* U*4 iuigii»tills Inlwlt* k-.«K 
pamkn^a apxv rttutxUu oinir^iaio wlL*G>rai b*-i cunhto ronino fomicutim Fxawtfo, raluinn r n!i* rrtu*i* rotumktb, 

(4) Qxctvnw ttcMmt*'* ; n^tirlolMtlbu folibq br*tt^ oblonipi MrnbnuiawU ubiu*is Itoribu* deiuU, vWi* iMeriJibt** 

rtrinMintfu pctn.ftniH hixxolaut nojti* cmfonmbui at rotrotittibus UWHo nnjroicutao ronra\o oU* Mu acuta Wl bttunrlUla 

nrtVmilo p*rto infra mc^hnu Iribuhuw ifrntlculi* intrnttiis colutantr a\U angattU bifclii iaOgdi. ftnuttd S*Ynro 

(i) Okcii»IV)i a*****; pwudobulbit ^iiJiwn*l*n^>|fllU iiftimini*]*o(Atit(*,*«i]Ki |unta.LiUi rami-^iraKbrart.<ii 

mvnii nicmbraAiccat ififtihacvu, HjaH* latcraftbai h-micc*imniH poUKtquo OiRlit Aniti*. U>>rUri rx»nl*io ouwaIv rvtuiuLit^ tjTurui- 

euklo: m*n^i)o iitnt> utr^u«- ImWaIi'i tt4ut» iiainqv baaj« d% A cvloiinu* •rlimriforw^Ui* (»ccri» /« mvwtn <dt<* 

yt^*e /thifiifcTiVtfw, Mftllim (1O0S). 

{fO Qv&KWM IrnfApnJnni pwirfotallHWnfitwit* , ^»;« tntui Mih-litllor-.-. wfu& luHnriluioxkhtit utvlulalii mutrI- 









II 



I 



however, for these rroona propose the union of Cyrtochilum and Oncidium. which I think may be 
distinguished saifcftctorily in tho following manner- Oncidium always haa th© W© lateral sepals 
cither more or lc*s united or distinctly ftppftMCunaled at tho bate, Cyrtochilum ha* them equally 
spreading: on this account myC- Karwlnskii must be reduced to Oncidium, notwithstanding iti* 
entire lip, with lamcllte in liCQ of tubercle* at its concave base, In the second place, the lip of nil 
true Cyriochila is narrowed towards ihe apex, whilo in Oncidium, except in those species where it 
is deeply hastate, it is dilated and rounded at the apex. 

With respect to OdontoRlossum, it wn* first distinguished by an unguieulate labellum adnato 
half-way up the face of the column, a rcflcxed lumina Willi three subulate tubercles at the base, and 
it column with two auricles. Of these diameters the first i* not found in any aperies I have 
examined, and probably arose in some mistake; the other* are inconstant, Thus the reflcxed 
lamina, although characteristic of some species is not of others; in Odontoglossum nebulo*um<% 
laccnnn \ Hnllii, eirrhosiim, &c. it is a conspicuous feature, but it can hardly be observed in 
O- Rossii 1 *, and laaeulaimn (or cordatum of the Botanical Register), and it does not exist at all 
in O. Ccrrantcvrii, which is very near O, ncbulosum. The nature of the tubercle* is also I suspect 
misunderstood in the species In which it is assigned j for while two teeth or sctm arc common, 1 do 
not find the number three in any case except O. lacerum, and then it is accompanied by other 
characters. The presence or absence of auricles upon the column is not to be taken as a generic 
character, because it has already been shewn that tin* character is inconstant in Oneiditim : because 
it is equally variable in Cyrtochilium, of which C. volubile is really a species ; and because they arc 
absent in Oriontoglossum pardinum (Cyrtochilum pardinum, Grn. ci Sp. 210). ncbulosum, Ccrvantesii 
and Rossii, while they arc present in O. incmbranaccum™, which is hardly distinguishable from 
the last, and in several other species. 

The true characters of Odontoglosstim, and those by which alone it can be distinguished gene* 
rically from Cyrtochilum and Oncidium, are a long; column, and an entire miguiculaie lip, narrowing 
to the point, and furnished at the base with a pair of fleshy, entire, or fringed lamella*, in front of 
which stand two, or rarely three, teeth or bristles. In this view of the question, Mr. Batcinan's 
Cyrtochilum bicioniciise will belong to Odontoglosstim ; while my own Cyrtochilum ixioides, which 
I once thought would best arrange with Oriontoglo**um. will retain its original position. 

In conclusion, the differential characters of Oncidium, Cyrtochilum. Miltonia. aud Odon to- 
glossum, may now be considered settled as follows; 

Oncidivm. Sepala lateralia labello supposita, nunc connata. Labellum planum, siepius sessile, cor* 
datum, pandurntum v. trilobum. apiee dilatntum, basi stepius varie tuberculatum. 

latum, 
es lame I* 



(*VRTo<"iit lvji. Scpaln luleralin patulu, libera. Labellum planum, obloitguin, >u<pihs unguicu 
integrum VCl mar-'iue dentalum, nnicc, an»u > tat iuii, luisi tuberculatum villosum aut nlnribs 



integrum 

latum. 



uiirg 



P 



ftllLTOVIA, Sepala Interalin patula, Ii1>cra. Labellum sessile, integrum, cxplauatum v. cucullatum, 
apicc rotundatum. veins fiascos |ilnr^^ tutarcuItLtodaxnellaii*- 

nox tog loss uai. Scpaln lateralia patuln, libera* labellum planum, uuguiculatum, ascendens, 
limbo reflexo diviso deUtatO, apiee nngiistntu ; biLsi concaviim crista hihtmellata raro hiuhriain 
scpins ant ice bidcntatu auctum, Colnmna elongata, apice auriculata nut aptern* 

iialit Ulcrelibu* h»*i cotili^ais ivtilif Ltk>ribut ronfortnibvs Ubctfo <4avaIo mciabr*nic*o rawgxiLLto convrio: tubcrrobt blui* 
[Anltrlit cfctror*-um *inuali* raamnu ii*nii cra**i lougMbo*, nJi* |*nU ira»Qlo-iru*i£al*ribuj. **Vrxi(v, /'r^pc X J+p> W 

jmi^, Oarnw, K*nrtatKL 

(7) tltK>HTiriiLiioi'Ai **l*&Mrm; ImctrnkhuMA* <lij»hilli-, folia Oblongi* urrctii (Viluoculo terminal] crccto tub-t»&xo hreviorilMtt, 
br»rtot» tnMiibntii*ft<ii tJttHcAtt «*rk» lIiujhIhi hrrvinrilid^ 4r*|u n^rmbniufpU olJ-m^ii iibittUlM Ajilcuktl*. prtalii Mttfornubtti 
haionbtts b«l aagatttlbi Ubcllo ^wlt WicwuU^c^nwobinUoctatoacutoitduUkto; Iwndll* nuuJrnb rotuixUti* knUrionbai 
oUmis column* ajSfrTi |mlA**ojiiic— —MeJtw t Kaniotki. 

(S) Ol» vnxil^Hau w iwirtm; ^nt\ahu\Xi» ot«libti« a»ci|>itibim folil« llnc*ri -<W«%p* in prtiolmn rnnnlictiUlitm nn(^i*uiis rwr«Ki 
HibjaiiimUto terminally bmrtcit oraUt jmuIi* «|ii4ijniiuniiibu«, i^ralU (trthlihcup rb«Qbf«>Unc<nt*l(* acutniiuilis L*bcl!o l*n»nk 
<iYl1T+> fiwmv ufHcc rai^lMn Uirirlli, fimbrUti*: iloulWulU *2 «*(cnoribti4 tiibuulitgUbris ci>lutntifi ^Ubr# auficulH tubtrunrali*. 
Prt*ri«; <;w^«, MnThf« (1S07|, 

(tl) OiiONTOtiLOui x Rfrtiii ; ]»ruili»buIU« osnl'n ftra|*iti>i- udpitJUtM imwu|»ltvlt;s Milt ot>Ii*ti^O'LinrvolnlM craim nuIJcali ubblnWn 
l*p44U»us bmrtpU mrtnbraucfu rariiinlt* *?urani*ti>. mlb tinfriri^Lvxiv^ilit rariaUli nruim&alu [iitv&tihut, tvUlit oblooirU 
tibial i M*tiJuit*, bitwIUi »t£bn4timV>r»ipitr, mur^iiAtn uncluUlo UmcLIU uii^uii funll u'dlilxi* romwUtt* ttr»ikulii *2 ■nUc*>f( r bui 
obtukb, columnL n|4rr.i |fut»xrtac*— — iVrxifl^ lt*rk«r; lopl. FUmt. 

(10^ ()hi\ii^ni«tM ***»Viriifi(v*p«; [vtriKlribiiftnt foliit^up , *f*|n> "J^fl<«n>, |tr*<t^U vJpnUw m?mbn&tcc«i acoln* 

iiuti> imbntalii ^uit*ntibus v|alii mnnbfiiucctt ingukuliii* lmct»Jali».fTljL* Ltk«ibut <>{>!' w^U, IaCm^Io ornlo i*btato tAinoll^c 

uf^aU cc«0Hiciiti«n r\4ux*luU o>«ticuti* *J «ou v rk>nbut vkignii* piS^<vntit**s c<famnl pu bw oiPSv *\tw btruu»o Auricubaa* 




'Ot/f&cC&tfia / ffAt* ••* </ 



Plate XXVI. 



HUNTLEYA VIOLACEA. 



II tia/acea; sepali* potaltaqne oblongte oblusb maigino crispis, labollo rcnifoimi 
cmaiginato crista imdS sulcata, i-olnnunl maximfi carnosfi navicular!. 



icir 



bo ttt.ut.ftl n plan, a* this it i- rare , ofill<l ,.„,, 11|Uong 0re hid.cea,. no, that i,s herbage ; 
par«,c U l.rlyncb,or .u flowers very targe, or .hdr form particularly s.rangc. bn. V.nuse eTthoi 
-oft ye. intense vole,. wh,eh varies from U.c depth of the rick,, eeppbire (0 „,, „„-,,, WacaMnco 
of ojjsiI. 

I. is a native of Dement*, whence i, was reived by Mr. George Loddigcs, who has remarked 
.ha. .he genu, .tselfseenis very near some of .he Zygopc.aln. espeeinlly /. ma.xiliarc. In f ac , .hcr* 
.* nothing ,o distinguish Ilun.lcyn fro,,, .hem exeep, ,he excessively enlarged column of ,ha. genu* 
and the un.o» of ,.s lateral sepals a, .heir bwe, after ,1,0 manner of it.xiH.ri.; be.wccn which 
and ZygopCUluin, H.m.hya stands as it wore intermediate, yd distinct. 

The C cnus was originally established by Mr. Ba.cmnn upon a Demerara plan, received fro,,, 
Mr. Schomburgk, and said ,o have sessile flowers, bu, of which I know nothing : except thai in 
structure and habi, i. is M id to resemble tl.e Huntley. Melees of ,hc Botanical Register ,ah U 
ion. 1839. The latter 9 p«ies bos, a, the base of ,hc lip. a large (reverse ere* bordered wi.h 
long yellow fting*. .ts column is widest a, the point and slightly toothed, and its sepals and peals 
are stained w.tfa winc-purplo vein, .„d blotches upon a yellowish ground. It is .herofo.e eYidcn.lv 
very different from the present, and in fcc. no, to be compared with it for beauty. 

In this plan, -hero arc no visible WBODO-flMBs, bu, the plan, consist* of a <uf, of . fayk 
cn.brac.ng cad. Other .t the b«e. with which .hey arc very distinctly nrticolated « from , TO ,o 
three mcta above ,he b«o , their blade is eight or nine inches long. cree,. acu.e. rather plaited 
and between membranous and lcati.ory in texture. From the axils of the lower leaves JL ,he' 

■MOUt, winch arc about six inches long. onctWercd. and .dnlons ; each has twooblong bracts 

at nearly equal donees, besides ,wo other., of which one is very small, a, the base of ,he ovarv 
H.e plowkrk measure three inches in diameter, and are of a thick leathery lexiurv The s 1TW 
arc oblong. . l.ule curled inwards at .he point, „,, very macil cris|1 , c| „, ^ ^ . ^ ^ ^ 
arc united by their base* m,o an ...conspicuous pouch, as is shown in ,hc right hand figure ■ onuid 
they are a pale soft violet fading to white a, the edges, inside Mow the middle ,hev are of a mud. 
deeper end rtcher violet, bu, even .his fades ,o white at the points. The PETAU( ore f oraufd lik , „„. 
back sepal, and are coloured nearly ,hc «me, only more deeply and brightly. The ,.,, b „„;„.,, (l , 
the pouch of "the la.cr.1 aopds by a short narrow foot, which curves upw.rdsanddila.es into the 
lam.na ; .he latter ... deep neh violet, kidncy-sha,-,!. with a liulc neteh a. the end, and **0* 
toothed; towards the base (ho edge is irregularly mnuons: in ,hc middle above the feet' it is 
exeev^ed u.,o « hollow like (he bowl of a tea-spoon, and there i, is brow,. ; between .he exeava.io„ 
and the V.olct deep border there lie. a brown ridge, fleshy, and deeply furrowed on ,he front side 
winch gradually slopes forwards lill i. ends in a cronellcd boundary. The m0M i, as large IS tl. ' 
lip, fleshy, very deep violet, broadest a, the base, curved forwards at the apex, and probably entire 
a, the edge, so .ha. i, looks like a portion of .he head «r a boat turned ho,.om upward*. Below the 
apex of .he column stands the anther, containing four yellow pollcn-mawe*. auaeh.,1 to > narrow 
cau,l.cula. and triangular gland, which an- of the sane violet colour as the column ii-elf 



I 









Mr. Sclwmburgk, since his return ... .hi* , nlry, Ins obligingly favoured me will. '">" following 

intrivrttm** account of I*!-** diMoTCiy of ihi* |iltml : — 

•■ I discovered th« Hun.l.ya violncea for the first lime in October. 1837. .her. on my ascent of 
die river Esscquibo. The large cataract Cumaka tote, or Silk Cotton fall, obliged us to ....load our 
corial* and to transport tin- I nggngc overland, in order to moid ibe dangers whicll a ma" of water 
at once so powerful and rapid, and bounded by ntnncrous rock*, wighl «C» "> our Mccnt - Wnilc 
.1,, Indi.no were thus OCCnpied, I rambled about one of tbe .mull islands, which the diverging arms 
of.be river formed in .heirdc.ee,... and the vegetation of which bud that peculiar lively appearance 
which is so characterise in .be vicinity of cataract*, where a humid cloud, the effect* of the spray. 
always hover, around them. Blocks of syenite were heaped together, and while their black shining 
surface contrasted strongly with the whitish foam of the torrent, and the curly wave* beating againl 

rocky harrier*, a* if angry nt the boundary which thoy attempted to set to .he incensed element, 

their dome-shaped summits were adorned with a vegetation at once rich and interesting. Hchconms. 
Tilhmdsins. Bromclias, Fern*. Potho*. Cyrtopodium*. Epidotdrums, Pcpcromias, all appeared to 
struggle for the place which so small a surface afforded to them. The lofty mountain* Akay- 
wannu. Comuti or Taquiari, und Twasinki, recede, and. forming an amphitheatre, afford a highly 
interesting scene ; no doubt the most picturesque of that part of the river Esscquibo. I «»- attracted 
by a number of Onridiiim altissimum which covered one of the rocky pile*, and astonished me by their 
long -tern* and the bright wlour of their flowers, when my attention was more powerfully attracted 
by a plant, the appearance of which, although different from the pseudo-bulbous tribe, proclaimed 
nevertheless that ii belonged to that interesting family die orchideous. The specimen* were 
numerous : and clothed almost with their vivid green the nigged and dark tn.uk- of the gigantic 
trees, which contributed to tbe majestic scene around me. It was not long before I discovered one 
of the plants in flower. It was as singular as it WW new to me. The sepals and petals of a rich 
purple and velvet-like appearance ; the helm... to which form the column bore the nearest rcsem- 
bloncc. of the same colour ; the labcllum striated with yellow." 

" In the sequel of my expeditions I found it generally in the vicinity of cataracts, where a 
humid vapour is constantly suspended, and when- the rays of the sun mv scarcely admitted through 
the thick canopy of foliage. I traced the Huntloyn from the sixth parallel of latitude to the shady 
mountains of the Acarai chain near the equator : hut in its fullest splendour it appeared at one of 
[IK small Wand* among the Christmas cataracts in the river Berbice; and there is a melancholy 
circumstance connected with the plant, which its appearance never falls to reeal to my memory. 
Their singular beauty ut this spot Induced my friend Mr. Reiss, who accompanied me as volunteer 
daring the unfortunate expedition up the river Berbice, to draw and paint it on the spot. Ho was 
yet occupied with this task when the last of our canoes was to descend the dangerous cataract. He 
arose from hi. occupation, desirous 10 descend with the Indians in the canoe, although against my 
wish, but he persisted. The canoe approached the fall -it upset— and of thirteen persona who were 
in it at tbe time, he was the only one who paid tlto rash attempt with his life, lie is now buried 
opposite that island, the richest vegetable productions of which it was Ins last occupation to imitate 

i>n paper aud in colours. 

" It appears easy of Cultivation, although the Erst plants which I sent to England to Messrs. 
Loddi^c- appear to have perished. 1 was more for.inm.e with former transports ; und 1 saw lately 
among the splendid collections of my kind friend. Mr. George Barker nt Springfield, a llunileya in 
blossom, the flower of which could boldly vie with any in their native country. A humid atmosphere 
and -hade are the disliiicuishi.ii; features of (heir habitat." 

• IV* lh- lir.1 nmwl tit ii, «.■ Journal >* tl*> lt">nl linvrniihiul SOfWlv, lot. *l. j. IBM. 



$r# 




n 77 



w if 



/ jteuiu/zm Mi'M&Mm&&m 









^m 



. 






\ 






Plait: XXVI I. 



ONCIDIUM SANGUINEUS*!. 



O.sanguineum; cbalbc, fuliis oblongto coriaceis dorm earinalis, scapo longisrimo 
particulate, BCjmlis subrotimclis tinpiiciilatts laternlibus Iwisi snlKonnatis pcta- 
li$c|iic cm\m sublobatis, labclli trilobi eubcrispi vcrnicati lobis sub&quftlibus 
intcrmedio retuso cunealo, crista ovntfi convexfl cormgnlfl, cohunrue alls rotun- 
datia sublobatig, anting puborula* Botamtal lla/islcr* 183W, musre/l no. (i8« 



La (itinyni, a country of whose vegetation but little is yet known, ha* furnished Messrs 
Loddigcs willi tliis gaily painted plant, in which we find quite a new mixture of colour* for 
Oneidium. Instead of the ground colour of the flower* being a deep brownish yellow, il is hero 
of a soft pale green ; and for purple, or violet, or chocolate-coloured blotch™ wc have a rieli 
erinuOD. 

In habit the plant resemble* O. carthaginense. with which it mutt he arranged ; it differ* from 
it in being smaller, in hiving the lateral lobes of the lip nearly a* large a* that in the middle, in the 
Surface of the lip being so polished a* to appear u if varnished, and finally in the crest not being 
thrco»lobed| hut merely oblong and corrugated. 

There are no risible PSBUDO-MLBS to this plant, bul the leaves fold up at their base, where 
they are enveloped in rigid brown sheaths, and after a time produce from their axil the (lowering 
scape : they arc from six to eighteen inches long, very stiff, shnrp-poiutcd. with a sharp ridge along 
their back* The scapk is about two feci hijrh, panieled. ami bending gracefully over the leave* ; 
it is smooth, and obscurely spotted with dull crimson : the draOVs at the fork* of the branches are 
ovate, and acute with a membranous edge. In all that relates to the arrangement of the inflorescence 
and the form of the parts it agrees with Oncidium earthaginense. The SEPAL* and i»ktals are 
roundish, concave, very much crested and lobed at the edge, and long-stalked, pale greenish yellow, 
blotched with bright crimson ; the lateral sepals an* very slightly united at the base. The lip is 
oblong, contracted like an hour-glass in the middle, and heart-shaped at the base, by which means 
h is separated into three lobes, of which the lateral are very much puckered and curled, and project 

a* far as the side* of the middle lobe, which is much less curled, wedge-shaped, ro led off at the 

angles, and emarginate ; in form it b very much like a saddle as seen from above ; in the middle it 
I* bright CrimSOD * and *o smooth a* to appear varnished ; otherwise it is coloured like the other 
parts ; the creM is ovate, very much shrivelled, Mum al the end. with an oblong central tubercle, 
deep crimson except on the ridges of the fold*, which are much paler The COLOUR has a pair of 
roundish spreading cars; and an anther that is slightly covered with down which run- down over 
the edge* of the stigma. 







' 



J&r/ttf cvtiAtali 



*//'//*/ 



■ 









i 






' 



1.ATL 



xxviu. 



L/ELIA CINNAJJAm.XA, 



L. v'mnalHirinft (lfctimiait tuss.) ; psi'tulubulbis ryluulr<UH^-ampullacci& elongatis, 
ftiliis binis bad tlisctviis oblongta Bubrccurvis et imdulatfe, sca|n> tcntii asm»- 
(lento luliis nmlto longioro 4->llorn, spalls ]>rt;tii*qur ohlongo-lincaribu^ ol>* 
tusis :iH|it;ilihiis, luh< Hi convoluti rccurvi lobis lataralibus ami is iiitcrimnlio 
ovnli crisjKiin: lincis 3 rlcvniis in axiii. 



Tlrt colour nf tin (lowers of this brilliant *pe< ir.% mid its graceful manner of growth, raider it 
oho of tlio most ornamental aperies which we possess ; for it is perhaps impossible to match exactly 
the jH'.'tilini- tint* of its blossom* among the race to which it belongs. That of Eiiidetidrum vitclli- 
mini and cinnabnrinum. two *j>ecies of great beauty, of which the former is in cultivation, approach 
the nearest ; hut their colours an* really very different. 

The species is n nniivc of Hrnzil. whence it wn* introduced in ilie year IrVJG hy Mr, Youti" 
Nurseryman* Kpsom ; and in the spring of 1837 it was exhibited in flower at one of tin* incctin/'s 
of the Horticultural Society in Kegcnt Street. Subsequently it ha* appeared in oilier collection* ; 
ami I owe the opportunity of preparing the accompanying figure to material* supplied to me hy 
Mr, Hatcman and M.»r- Loddigc*, It (lowers freely in the month of April. 

The PflBODO-ttVLBS are from four to five inches long, erect, clustered, thickest at the base, and 
tapering upward*, *o a* to resemble a vrine-Hask stretched longer, closely invited with wittered 
scales, and having at the apex one or two leave*, which are separated at the base hy a considerable 
interval. The LEAVES are altout a.* long as the psemlo+hullts, of » narrow oblong figure, slightly five- 
or seven-nerve*!, and an* curved downwards hy their own weigllL From the ftpex of the pseudo- 
bulbs springs the scape, a foot or more long, very slcndor P green, with about three withered scales 
attached 10 it at marly equal distances ; il is unable to hear the weight of four or five flowers thai 
spring from its end, and consequently it is bowed downwards; and as it swings in the air from 
among its dense foliage hanging from a bough of a trce.it must look like a inany-Jieaded reptile, 
watching impatiently for its prey. The iibact* arc extremely small sharp-pointed scale* Each 
FUHVF.R is rated on a stalk which, taken together with tlio ovary, measures about an inch mid half 
in length. The CALYX ami COROLLA arc of a most brilliant ye How -scar let ; their divisions arc of 
nearly the Mime size, linear, obtuse, the back sepal being straight, the two anterior and the petals 
being falcate in the direction of the LADELLtm. The latter (tig. 2) i* of the same rich colour as the 
other parts, but it is gaily pointed with numerous oblique bright purple veins, which lose themselves 
toward* the point* of tlio lateral ami base of the middle lobes : it is clotcly wrapped round thu 
column, except at the upper end. when? il curves backwards ; along the middle are three elevated 
line* ; tit its bate is a passage, passing down the side the ovary, and indicating that the labelhim i* 
really calearatc. but that its spur is adherent to the flowcr-fttalk, as in Pelargonium ; the mouth 
of this passage is shewn at fig, 2, a. The POLlBlt-M asses are eight, arranged as in the accompanying 
figure I. 

When this plant was first ICOA by me I had no opportunity of examining its |>oI I en -masses, and 
took it lor a Catlleya. of which it has rather more the habit ihan of the Lealiaa at that lime known ; 
but reCCM discoveries have shewn thai there may be L«?lias with the habit of Cult leva, as in thi* 
ease, ami CeUleyOS with the habit uf Lftlia, a* in C. citrina. The diffcreuee between them is not 









H 




0110 of habit, hul «r fttruetUH : the pollcn-massc* of Call Icy n being four, and those of Lttlia eight in 

number. 

Our garden* now < tain nil the known specie of (his mo*t noble genu* with one exception. 

L, ancep*, albida, furftrattft, and antnmnalis have all been figured in the Botanical Register ; the 
latter also beautifully in Mr. Batcman'* iplendid work on the Orchidnc* *J »f Mexico and Guatemala. 
L. majalis, d* Klor dc Sfain, lias been sent alive by Mr. Hiirlwcg from Mexico 10 the Horticultural 
Society, and has been extensively distributed. The species still to procure is the real L. grandilloro, 
the Bletln grandifloni of I)e la Llave and Lexana, mid Flor de Corpus of the people of Meelioacan. 
Thia latter is too imperfectly described to enable us to judge very correctly of its npi>carancc; it is 
however said to have large flowers pale purple, elegant, and rfttber *wcct; to which is added, that 
they are "spitlinnuui ;" but whether by ibis expression the Mexican authors intended to say that lie 
flowers arc a spun high above ilie ground, or a span in diameter, two very different things, there are 
no moans of ascertaining. In the former caae tlu-y would resemble L- majalis : in the latter they 
would bo much larger than anything yet discovered. Whatever scneo is to be attached to the 
meaning of spithamicus, it seems dear that L. gramiillora, with oblong or roundish pear-shaped 
pseudo-bulbs, a «ape occasionally dichotomous, and amplexicaul bt*clt» is a very different specie* 

from any thin" vet seen in onr gardens or herbaria. 






rt * t * 




♦ '/*/> ////,/ £/,</.,// 






///// 



Plate XXIX. 



SOBRA LIA LI LI ASTRUM, 



'"" '"'" ****-*■ ■«* bmcteisovau, ,„.,„„ u, ^taM,^ 

. m,s ,.,,,,1. ,»„„„,,,,,, , ull ,„ s , is |a , mo]alis iu . iim . ia|i9 _ ,. ( ,„ K „.„, |n|s 

undulate, !«!*"„ „,„|„ lalo cn8po ,„;,,,„ emargtoa^ „, , v , „„,„.„„ 

columiiic maximis falcotis. 
S. Mliaslrum. Gen. & Sj>. Orch. 177. 



The genu* SobnlinU one of theme* remarkable among 0«liidn«i K win, ;■ i^v 

r^-*™ - f - :'« -f • »v - *- **. r 1(y Po> pis , wuo fo C££Z 

-I... <S«. of ,!,,,,..,,,„,„,,. They consist of torro-nal perennial plan* with , iin ,, c „„ , 

»«!. W Ita .nnorcKane* con,!.,, of Imilin „, _,,„ N „,,,,, ■ j' 

~"~«»-r-? bifid -- d 1— **-~H* pink, crimen. „ viol* I^JTS 
hp Oi . I .1, ».«.« » wrapped round th„ eol,,n,n. when.,, i. „pp.. are te if f^^J^J? 
taM by . hc^d fring., edge. T(ic spwi( . s ^^ ^ ,, ' 1" 

wWe U,ey orten form ,,,„,,. Aickeu, A +, nre 8wwMMoted ; nm( j m « > ^' ; 

for only n short rime. (AW. <««. « v , | ^1 ) 

-iSSt*" — more ^ " ickc,s or ttch " ln "'- * "- ; - ""■ 

The specie, before ,,, ,,,. originally discovered M Bnhia by Sakmnm,, .German collector A 
"'I'l- """ *• «* «d wmce spedn.cn, belong ,o different snccieJ ifcTfaS , ^r^ 

which n.0.1 certainly i* thai of Banio. »po«c«, 

Por Kome rtflson unknown to n,o Mc»«. Poppig „„,| Endlfcher ,-xclnd,. f1,« , • , 

•7^ '"" :' *?r *■'■ '■ a " : Zi « •• ^' ::::; " : -Tr»x 

6 — — **a— "j^s.EnL'ror; 



I 



I 









I. i. much .o be -,-,,,.,1 .l»t nil th«e magnificent plan* .bonU no. yC have n*ched us rim . 

Mi or. is i. .o be in.,,,,.. dtt .here is .... polity of the M 'pecio* ever arnvn, h«r. 

UD 1«. some „*«• patron Of gardening will send . collar for the express purpose * £«"»« 

„, m , ,„„ oll.er pJTus ,- Of the V*. An,.., They «. M -r, cspce.a y on he rOeky 

I shrubby summit of 0. ridgo of Ca^piUo; S. rosea b probably A. fin** ^^ rf 

h*. flower. (four inel.es in diameter) of a beautiful pink ; b«< * dtehotoma ««n. the fa our u of 
,.,e lVn.viana.hnnM.lv.,. Of ih. hriHr Poppig *«*• -> follows: 1*- pe»«d -«t » found 
only on ,1, more sterile moun.ain-.o,*, where -he limestone rock, flnog over the ground » m.« -> 
„„„, nro either sculled in Imp., or TO uprated by huge fissure*, or «-,- ar, m„,h ndul 

a, i, wcr r A. Wink ofsomo dr^dfol precipice. They there bring fbrti, a lrc«berou. ™i I of 

n( *ses , Items, which is overrun by that dwarf, prostrate, impenetrable .hick,., net, m tawhfid 

but spiny rigid branching Ami*, which can only bo penetrated by U« traveller w>th gK.t lo.l and 
danger , and which, a, i. constitute, .he highest limit, of nrboreMCnt vegetation, (be Pcrurmn call* 
0.0 eyelash of the fores. </<- ego <h fa -o»(«>. I" «* place, the Sobralia dichotoma appear, 
loaded will, violet blooms, and scattering aronnd adeliciou* fragrance like that of tho Tcn-wcck. 
S.oek. Because of it* surpassing but trtiuritory beauty the people of the country regard it u a 
vegetable wonder, and name it .be Flower of Paradise rjfar Jet jurats*). 

I am happy to add thai through tho exertion* of Mr. Schomburgk, Mcsar*. Loddigos have at 
length added the white variety of this interesting plant to our collection-.' 



■ Wbra lhi> g"i» -M 1-bli.boJ in lb> Hon IVnirUn. mi «rtlivlj tab* Ktwuit "■ Hi"" <* *B lotiiro of iho pollm-l 

•hid. »rrr rtpc-nioi « bring t'"- 1 «* *» Vwd™. wMion of Onfcib*™ i .ml M lb- (-iWi.nl-* of llw lltrd !«rt ol li.- C™i- 
„J .V'" •/ OretMfW* no oppormiiU, hid m ocranvd »»o( tuBii.bg inU. ,(-. ptinl of oninaw. S^b-quctilly 

M.. IMjii," pi«pl <•* U» *w«. »<"' dio-«l IhU Ibr pollen of tho gfDM I. ("il.omlont. 

Mr. SAoBburnk. r- b*i« ii-w rf «h P « bet.. «d «i»blo U r«o«iw UV pU.il oSwowo-l bj him .iih ihc w^-l dnrtOr 

of ScWn. nAl U r»lly muM ll « ■ "« &««'«. »*1 p~««H » J « llp «' h w ,,ir lto ) aI ,ll Kl«™ *« l -"™ l^ 1 *" "* ">W* ' 
-lib ■ vW- lo «b«h iotpnlMO drawlii?. wnt «nl to> llnwi lIumboMl fc« uuWi«lkm. In dw mmn-bilp UN bnutv of toi&r. of tho« 
.ln-i»^. HOI by our dlrfiopii.hfd tn.«lW lo Mim. 1-d.lip-, b.ting .Urwrf mjr Mtmlko. t bfB;«l wlaro ilwm fo. lb. i«-.»i 
.Mb ; ^nil il w no) lill IK- *«* of Ibm pahtioMion brr» lh»t.l I-™™ n«rr ll»l Mr. Sdioi.ttmnjl, b*l -Uho.1 ll*l Utfj .h.i»U bo fir* 
■aik kno-n lo lb* -orl.1 in Otnauj. Snot bwwr wiuVr ihp pou. dm .jwctw i. nrw. m. lad bwii ."iv—J. f» "M >* h««mij 
lo--l«l-"ooollwr |4mil lo b*r Ibc m- of HorKo.nl lii(!W«; «»tl foxounnji hi.mwj"- mul *«4 iMcmUii),' dUroicric. 
Mr. Stbombusl -ill h»" no iBffiridl} in wlrdiiu; ncnc «b«r <.)iull» -orlbv of nth a dtdJcMlm. 







i 










¥/>*%/&** r/'"/'y//S/w/w,7 



■1^ 



Plate XXX. 



AER1DES QUINQUEVULNERA. 



A. quinquemdncra ; foliia ligulalis npice rotundatia obliqud cmarginatie apiculo 
intcrjccto, raoeroJs pcndulis mullifloria foliis lougioribtts, Iain-Mi cucullati infun- 
dibularis laciniis laleralibus ereclis intermedia* obtongfi inflexS douticulattf, 
ualcarc conico incurro. 






.Mr. Hugh Cuming, who has been passing gome time in the Philippine*, and who I,:., invest!, 
gnted the Botany of those rich inlands with great zeal and industry, sent the plane now published 
lo Messrs, Loddigcs: with whom it flowered in August lam. 

It is «oo Of the most showy of tlmt beautiful race which is confined to the tropical parts of 
Asia, and which claims for itself mora particularly the name of air plant*. Of these a great store. 
by far the largest number, inhabit the eastern parts of Asia; in the genus Acrid,-* proper, for 
instance, out of twenty si* species, sixteen arc Javanese ; and of them very little is known to 
botanists in this country. Let us hope iU, the labours of Mr. Cuming will by degrees make them 
liimiliar to us. 

What is now represented is nearly allied to the delicious A. odoratrttn of Bengal, of which il 
has all the habit ; but it wants the delicate fragrance of that species, and yet it has a pleasant 
aromatic odour; its flowers have each five purple blotches, and the middle lobe of the lip i- 
serraitd : in all which circumstances the two specie* disagree 

Hie stem, leaves, and mode of growth arc altogether those of A. odoramm. 

The sbpau and petals are fleshy, firm, roundish-white, with a few purple speckles near the 
base, and a rich crimson stain it the apex ; the lateral sepals are much larger than the upper or the 
petals. The lip is funnel-shaped, curved inwards at the base of its spur, which is conical and 
green ; with its month it presses against the column, which is embraced by its two lateral lobes, 
which are white speckled with purple ; the middle lobe is oblong, convex, serrated, deep crimson 
with a white edge, and pressed close to the author. 









1 




fit*m u ■' -" ' y •/-' 



- ■ 



I 









Plate XXXI. 



CATASETUM LOXGIFOLIUM. 



CJongifolium ; lbliis longissimis graminafe, rncemo oylindracoo pondulo multifloro, 
scpalisovatUsubrotandis potatorum conformium dorso upplieiti?, labollo nrcco- 
lari 11 (ergo inciirvo: limbo truncate apiculato intils ccrcacoo glabra margino 
fimbriate. BoUmkal Register for 183!), miscellaneous mailer no. 154. 






The genua Catasctum, including the suppressed and spurious genera Monachanlhus and 
Mynnthus, bat exclusive of Mormodes whose obliquely twisted column separates ir from these, proves 
lo be one of which (he species are numerous in tropical America, and in the adjacent countries; 
almost every large importation producing some novelty belonging CO the nice. None however of 
those yel discovered can be compared for beauty with (he species now figured, of which a short 
account lias already been published in lite Holatiicul Register. 

It vras imported from Dcincrara by Mr. Valentine Morris, of the Retreat, liattersea, to whom it 
bad been sent by his friend .Mr. Henry Glostcr. Attorney-General of the Colony, a great admirer and 
cultivator of Orchidaceous plants. It has also been received by several other persons, but no one 
except Mr. Morris hits succeeded in causing it to produce its beautiful flowers. It blossomed at the 
Rein at in October and November, 1839. 

In its general habit it resembles the other species of Its genus, but its leaves are a foot and half 
or mom in length, not more than three-quarters of an inch broad, three-ribbed, and so weak and 
grassy, that they are unable to support themselves, and hang clown if the plant is made to grow 
upright ; ii will be presently seen, from Mr. Schombiirgk's observations, that when growing naturally 
the pseudo-bnlbfl cling to the limbs of Palms, whence the leave* liOng down gracefully. The IUCEMBS 
are about u foot long, arising from the base of the pseudo-bulbs, whence they curve downwards and 
become pendulous : they arc so closely covered by from twenty to thirty flowers, which nearly touch 
each Other, that they have something of a cylindrical apj>caranec. Each I lower is Seated upon a 
Malic, which, taken together with the Ovary, is an inch and half long, with a small ovate herbaceous 
bract at its base. The sepal* and petals are both shaped and coloured alike; they are of a roundish 
form, tapering to the point, where they are stained with purple, otherwise they arc green ; the sepuN 
are t« isted in such a manner as to be placed exactly at the back of the petals, and the whole together 
an* placed above the horizontal line of the flower. The i.adei.m;m is very fleshy, somewhat cup-shaped, 
or rather bag-shaped, aud Curved backwards at its end, firm, fleshy, about an inch in diameter at the 
brim, of n deep rich Orange running into crimson at the edge, a little rugged on the outside, very 
smooth and waxy in the inside; in front it is abruptly terminated by a rich deep crimson warted 
bonier, at the sides the edge thins away into a greenish violet frioge. The column is very short 
Slightly extended in front into two short horns, but quite destitute ofeirrhi; at the hack it terminates 
in a rounded manner at the line of origin of the anther. 

Mr, Sehumhurgk inform* me that ibis plant was first discovered by him in I83G, ami sent that 
year to Messrs. 1-oddiges. "We found it growing OD the Ela-Palm (Mauritia tlcvuosa) where the 
spadix generally developcs itself; and in consequence of the height, ami the little resemblance which 
ii^ lung leaves benr to the general appearance of Orchidaceous plains, it bad been no doubt overlooked. 
"The position in which it \* represented in the plate is unnatural. The rapid decomposition of 
tellable matter under the tropics mwistlt in collecting a little mould between the scars wliieh have 
t>ccn left where the fronds (ell off. The place of lichens, the decomposition of which was the origin 









n( the scanty mould, lias been token by Tilhuidfti*, Pcperomiv, and other succulent plant*, and 
among them thrive* the CalM-itim longifolium. The pseudo-bulhs adopt however a pendulous 
position, and die fleshy root* find in die aiore of bluek vegetable mould nteb abundant nourishment 
thai a thick tuft of lonp lender leaven U pushed forth, and hangs down the miotic Maurilia, by 
their bright green forming* strong contrast with tlio sombre hue of the large hunches of scaly fruits 
of tin* splendid pal uid so increasing it* otherwise interesting appearance. 

11 It wo« first discovered in the Camuni Creek, a tributary of the river Demeram : we found it 
afterwards frequently at (be Ion and marshy ground of the river* Wirooi and Wicki, tributaries of 
tlie river Berbice, where the Hauritia Palm i* w numerous, that it oecupies large tract** exclusively. 

M Us leaves ore lomotimet from six to eight feet long, but I now observed in it* native climate, 
a bunch covered with tucli numerous flower* a* the one here represented. The flowen which 1 saw 
were of a brownish take colour, 

" The M*CU*i Indians call C. loiigilbliuni Ma^rau ; the Wurrau* Qhilyon. 1 










fm " &////,/// " s- < ■///// 



r^M 



I 



> 















Pl-ATE XXXII. 



SACCOLABJUM COMPRESSUM. 



S. compression ; caulc junior© compresso ancipiU, foliis disticliis amplexicaulibus 
undulatia obtusu obliqud 3-drutatis, roccmia cyluidmceis poudulia, labclli cnl- 
c«rc fiilcalo obuiso eepalix Iripld longioro lamina carnosfi minima dentiformi. 

Saccolabhun compressum. Botanical Iteaister/or 1840, miscellaneous mailer, no. 5. 






TIw foliage of this plant is very handsome, when in health, and readily diMingiiishes it from 
all it- kindred, not only by tin* tender bloom with which it i* covered, lint by the broad thin undu- 
lated leave*, whose base is so wrapped round the stem a* to form something like ear* on each wide. 

Tim* ilowcr*. though individually small, nevertheless have a graceful and [irctty appearance 
from their drooping |>o*iiion, from their uumbor*, and from the strong contrast between their ivory 
white spur and the party-coloured lobe* of which they others tsa consist 

It was sent from Manilla by Mr. Iln-rh Cuming to Messrs. Loddigc-*. with whom it flowered 
in Novcmlwr, IS30. 

The stem when old is round and hard, and pushes forth numerous long greenish-white powerful 
root*, by "Inch the plant clings to the branches of tree* ; when young it U compressed, and, in 
COnai jinnee of tbc manner in which (In* ba.Ms of lite leaves nre rolled round it. appears quite tliin 
mid two-elided. The u;ivii.h nre from six to ten inelu* loti<r. >en^reen, broad, Mrnp^hnped. very 
wavy* obtuse, and very obliquely and unequally three- toothed at (he cud ; at the base they surround 
tin* stem, nnd uniting bv their uinririii* torui a *hort l 1 h iprrs m J sheath, through which the raceme* 
pierce when thev make their appcaranee * alihough not placed n-gularlv in two lines, ihe leaves have 
very much a distichous arrangement. The FlOWCRi are mull and ftcetttli *|» arranged in long pendu- 
lous LUCBHBSp which have about three, distant, ovate, acute, sheathing brown scale* near their base; 
including the spur the flowers when uncxpanded arc something more than half an inch long, which 
is about the length of the very slender pedicels on which they are supported. The sepals are oblong, 
rather acute, and spotted with crimson upon a ground at fust white, but afterwards yellow ; the two 
at the side* converge round the labellum till their points touch ; that at the hack forms an arch over 
the column, and is very promim-ni at the back. The PBTAlB are similar in form, size, and colour to 
the *cpiils, hut thev are somewhat thinner aud spread at right angles from the column* The LABBftAUM 
ehieilv conjtfti of a long, hollow, falcate, obtuse, pendulous spur, which is perfectly free from all 
apitcodagC OT projection in the. inside ; its rim is nearly circular, obsolete!}* three- lobed. the side lobes 
being rounded, that in front more acute and Jlcshy. The COLUMN i* very* short, wingless. lengthened 
«vrr ihe tfigma into a narrow nwl -shaped process (rosiellum), to which the pollen -masses adhere by 
means of a long, ascending, slender, subulate, channelled eaudieula, and a minute gland. The 
iNNtK.it i- rounded, rather rugged, extended in front into a long awl-shaped beak, which turns 
upwards, following the course of the rostclhim. The roLixs -masses me two, obovuto, slightly split 

at the back. 

Fig- I. represent* a flower seen in front, the spur being Cut away : 2. is a fide view of the 
column* and the rim of the labellum > S. an* the pollen-masses with their eaudieula ami gland. 









I i\ 
















* 



fy //* ///f //fit ///tfrr//,f/f/ //, 









Plate XXXIII, 



CYCNOCHES MACULATUM, 



C. mactdalum ; raccmo longtesimo inultifloro, labcllo lincari-lunccolato, hypochilio 
linearis mctachilin npicc cornulo glandulisqite tcrclibus elongatis genulloxis 
titriiupw pitin:iiiiicH> maiginato, epichilio lanccolato membnuiftcco acutomar- 
giuc incurve. Botanical Register for 1840, miscellaneous matter, no. 8. 
Botanist /. 15G. 



Ilitd such a plant as this flowered near London twenty years ago, it would liavc afforded subject 
of convocation among Botanists and the lover? of Botany for a fortnight, which is a long lime for 
any thing to retain its interest in London ; hut now. so familiar have become the faces of the strange 
epiphyte* of the tropic*, it only excites a pawing ghmce of admiration, except among tAc foe. 

Surely it is one of the most carious productions of nature in her wildest mood. Did any one 
ever see such a flower before ? Which i* the top, winch is the bottom ? What arc we to call that long 
clubfoot? which is cloven loo; and what the crooked finger* daggled with blood, which spread from 
the middle of one of the leaves, a* if about to clutch at something 1 And what moreover am they all 
lie/or? Such knotty point* a$ these wc commend most heartily to some of our German friend* for 
their solution; while we sink twtck into the accustomed prose which so much better Suits tho 
enquiries of science. 

Cycnoche* mnculatum then is a Mexican plant, imported by Mr. Barker of Birmingham, with 
whom it (lowered in November, 183!). It has long slender grew, from the side* of which spring forth 
as many as four long graceful nodding racemes, each having about thirty flower*, In their appear- 
ance and that of the m&ave* there is little to distinguish the plant from a Cntnsetum, or other specie** 
of its own genus. TJio racemes arc nearly a foot and half long, clothed at the base with numerous 
thin Italy scales, and hanging downwards from the sides of thr stems. The stalk* of the flowers are 
at right angles with the axis, more or less curved, and shorter <han the sepals. Each flowru when 
fully expanded measures nearly three inches from tip to tip of the divisions ; they have a dull yellowish 
brown ground-colour on which are distributed numerous rich brown blotches in a confuted manner. 
Tho BfiPAiA&nd PETAU>arc alike in form, size and colour, lanceolate, wavy, and spreading in a Marry 
but ruthor onesided manner. The LABRLLUU U exactly continuous with (he foot of the column, upon 
which it seems ns if inserted ; its general form is linear-lanceolate ; in the middle it is white, ami 
divided m the edge on each side into about five round fleshy crooked lingers spotted with purple; 
between the front pur of which is placed a straight fleshy horn directed backwards, and greener than 
any of the fingers; the upper end is thin, lanceolate, acuminate, white, with three purple spots, of 
which one is near the point, and the two others lower down and nearly equidistant from themselves 
and the margin. The COLUMN is very long, quite taper at the base, enlarged into a thick knob at the 
apex, purple, spotted with a lighter shade of the same ; at the back of the anther it is extended into 
a two-Iobed horn, below which the anther is insetted upon a slender filament, lite caudieuln is very 
long, and rests upon a large round fleshy gland. 

This species has also been found in U Gnavra. by one of the collectors employed by Mews 
Lowe and Co* of Clapton. 









I 



i 




■ 



, fff //<*// t/f //w -</ 



1 



1'i.ati; XXXIV. 



MILTON I A CLOWBSIl 



1 



M. Cloitesii; pseudobnlbis ovalibus diphyllis, foliia ensifonnibud angiitis nwih 
*m\n longiorilins niccmo paucifloro laxo, bractefe minimis setaceis, so]wtli* 
petalisque lanccolalis tcqualibus, labclli cordati hi medio constrict! apico mib- 
rotundo acuto bagi lornellis 5 iniequalibus abruptis quincuncialibue auctfi. 

OdonlOglossum Clowerfi. Botanical Register for 18:}*), miseeUan&ntS matter, no. 153, 



Among die dried specimen* of (llama collected by Mr. George Onrdnor in hi* early journey* 
in Brawl was this plant, Nn.frffcr of his herbarium, found upon the Organ mountain*, in a deep ravine, 
A supply sent homo by thai indefatigable naturalist afforded the specimen now represented, from n 
drawing by Miss M. A, Means of a plant in ihc valuable collection of the Hew John Clowe* of 
Broughton Hall, a moat zealous and successful cultivator of tbcao curious production*. It flowered 
in September, !&*), under the care of Mr. Wm. Hammond, the gardener to Air. Clowes, from 
whom I have received the following memorandum concerning its habit** 

"The pseudo-boll* nre ovate, gradually tapering into a ucefc. glaucous and smooth, (tin* old 
ones slightly furrowed), and are each terminated by a pair of coriaceous leaves, narrow and acuminate 
at the point, slightly twisting, spreading, and longer than the raceme, which springs from the axils of 
the primary leaves that surround the base of the p»eudo*bulbs. The latter stand erect on a stimt 
rhi/.oma, about one inch in length, covered with n few yellowish brown imbricated scales. 

11 Tim lip when first expanded is the most beautiful white, and afterwards changes as shown in 
the drawing/' 

At Mr, Hammond's wish it has been named after hi* master, than whom few persons can In* 
found having a Stronger claim to such a little compliment. 

When 1 first received it from Mr. Gardner I regarded it as an Odontoglossum, and at the time 
Mr, Clowes* specimen reached me I had nor seen cause to change my opinion ; on which account I 
referred it to that genus instead of Milionia, of which Mr. Clowe* bad correctly considered it a 
species. Mora recent information has however satisfied me that nothing must be admitted into 
Odontoglossum unless with an unguieulatO lip, and consequently the name under which it was first 
published has lo be altered. 

Each nacf.hf, bears from four to wen flowers, as much as three inches from the tips of the petals 
to that of the opposite sepals, seated on footstalks about an inch ami a half long, and disposed in a 
loose manner, something in the way of a corymb when the lower flowers arc removed, but in a perfect 
state in the usual equidistant manner. The sepal* and petals are lanceolate, distinct, quite equal 
and uniform both in colour and form, richly spotted wiih brown upon a yellow ground. The laukl* 
llm i> sessile, heart-shaped at the ba*e, oblong, contracted in the middle, and n rich lilac up to the 
point of contraction ; above this it expands into a roundish white rather acute extremity, which 
finally rolls up and becomes dull yellow; at the base of the luhelluin are Ave narrow elevated lines, 
abruptly cut off at the end, of which the two lateral exterior are the shortest, the two intermediate 
the longest, and that in the middle deeper than any, but intermediate in length. The Column i* 
erect, earless, abruptly terraced in front ; with a tall obtuse capdike anther, bevond which lite small 
brown gland just projects* 






i 






I 



■ 







/ / /SSf? f */'//* W MSf*'/r/t //////// /St 












F 






I 



o*hy-&m 



Plate XXXV. 



DENDROBIUM MACROPHYLLUM 



U niftcrophyllum. BoUmical Etgister 1839, misc. no, 46, 



Although die Orchidaceous plant* of the Philippine* have not proved handsome in many cuct, 
yet it must he confessed that this yields in magnificence of appearance to no specie* thai hove yet 
been discovered. 

In the specimen now represented the dower* were nine indie* in circumference and tin v will 
probably be much larger; and a pair of them is produced from Opposite every leaf, except the 
lowermost, upon all the drooping branches of the stout and numerous sterna In this retpect it 
resemble* the well-known Oendrobia macrostachyuui, Pierardi. cueullatum. and pulchellum ; but it 
is far handsomer than even the finest of them. Its flower* indeed are more like those of D. nobile, 
but they are purple all over, the leaves are full four inches long by two in breadth, and tin* Stems are 
pendulous not erect, 

The specie* was sent from Manilla by Cuming, and flowered in die possession of the Mem 
Loddige*, 

•At the base of the lip there is a ihree*lobcd callosity, which lie* across the channel that leads 
from the apex to the unguis. It is worthy of the especial consideration of Botanists that this callosity 
is absent in D. caruleseens and nobile, two specie* to which IX mncrophyllum approaches very 
nearly in many respects ; for we learn from that fact that the alienee or presence of such projection* 
is not of generic importance, as it has been supposed to be. It i* also to be observed that the hairy 
ridge winch runs down the middle of the lip in many allied species is here altogether missing. 










Kr< 
















$f//sf , //,}/tf/ J p//fS/ ff'//*/'/ 



r 






Plate XXXVI, 



BURLINGTONIA RIGIDA. 



Itiirlintrlonia rigicln. Botanical Register, under plate 1927. 



One of the many fine plant* inhabiting the wood* of Brazil, our knowledge of winch was 
confined to dried specimens until tlio enterprise of British cultivator* succeeded in transferring it to 
our pardon*. It vu originally found in Brazil, near Villa nova de Almeida, by the Prince 
Maximilian of Wied Ncuwied ; it wa* afterwards gathered by Mr. Gardner near Rio Janeiro, 
forming no. 125 of that traveller's herbarium ; and it 1...- been at length procured in n living stale by 
the Messrs, Loddige*, in whose stove it flowered some mouths ago. 

It is a beautiful specie*, with ft habit unlike that of any oilier genu* hitherto discovered. It 
first forms a tuft of two or three leaves, of an ovate lanceolate form and rigid texture, whose petiole 
is thin, folded together in an equitant manner, and articulated with the lamina. Subsequently, in 
the middle of these leave* appears a short branch, in the form of a ivei'dcmivlii. oval, thin and 
furrowed, on whose apex arise ono or occasionally two leaves, like the first in form but without 
the equitam petiole* The plant having ndvanced to (hi* point, and succeeded in establishing itself 
on the branch of a tree by means of numerous fine rather stiff roots, it next produce*, from the axil 
of one of the lower leaves, a rigid stem, slender and as thick as a crow's quill, which rises erect into 
the air. forming two or three membranous sheaths upon its surface, and ceasing to grow as soon as 
it has acquired the length of eight or ten inches. At its apex it dcvelopes just such n tuft of leaves 
as that from which it sprang ; and thus die plant continues to live till the period of flowering fall 
arrived. At that time it emit* from the axils uf one of its lower leaves a flowering stem or SCAPE, 
s>v or eight inches long, having a few distant membrauous scales enshcathing it, and bearing at the 
npex a very short umbel-like raceme of several large drooping white flower*, delicately tinged with 
pink. The dkacts are ovate, acuminate, membranous, and rather longer thnn the pedicel*. Of the 
sepal*, which are shorter than the petals, the uppermost is oblong, acute, and pressed close to 
the back of the petals ; the lowermost are united into a single piece, corresponding in form with 
the upper, slightly split ut the |>oint, pressed close tip to the lip, and extended at the base into a 
short spur, which is notched at the point. The petals are oblong, wavy, parallel with the column 
and lip, rounded and spreading al the point. The lii- is considerably longer than the petal*, broadly 
obovate, two-Iobed, wavy, and narrowed at the hasc into a stalk, which is introduced within the spur 
formed by the two lower sepals; near its base it has four short wavy elevated plates, placed in 
unequal pairs on each side of two slightly elevated lines. The colums is parallel with the base of 
the lip, club-shaped, tapering and hairy, and much shorter than the petal*; at the upper end on etch 
side stands a long membranous narrow ear. guarded in front by a curved tooth of considerable size. 
Within these teeth is stationed a glutinous circular excavation, which is the stigma. The axtiier 
is rounded, uncreated, and abruptly cut ofl* in front- The FOLUX-JU8SBS are two, excavated at the 
hack, and placed upon a long obovate strap or eaudicula attached to a small oval gland. 

When the column is deprived of all the parts that surrounded it, and so placed as to be seen in 
front, as in one of the figure* in the accompanying plate, it hears far more rcscmblnnce to a bat's 
head and neck than to any part of a flower. 

Travellers in Brazil report this spceics to have a delicious scent of violets, but I did not perceive 
it in Messrs. LoddigeV specimen. 









To the apecic* of Burlingtonta 
II. maeulata ho* been already added 
additional ftpecics willi tho linbil of 
Organ Mountains of Brazil, find di 
obtuse, in it* flower* being smaller 
species may bo distinguished by the 

B. ri$i*t* I IV*- Hrg. tab* I* lfrff. Srttum 
c«ulu vrweto r*mofo Uftit dbu&tcr WwUforo, 

ceohiU aeuti*, ik^o ™plici niiuui?, Iwvtri* 
nxXiif Ub*Ui bitobi W*it affccuaulH. 



already mentioned in the Botanical Register under plate 1927, 
in the volume of that work for 1831). I have since received nn 
B. rigida ; it forms no. 6A4 of Mr Gardner^ collections in the 
flora from that plant in it* leaves being smaller, narrower and 
,aiid in tho inflorescence being »*Iiglitly ptnicled. These two 
following characters ; 

OrdU u *W.) I IL M*uf*t** ; owl* rnxto nm*o U*#tf duunn* »bo- 

fcdiU o«to-Un- Ji*m\ foli» obbop* obtiufaMciiIii, n«*n» «ih|«iMkla i*UOW. 
ofalouftb *mni- btvtw «babii s W*M WW* lobii ditUittkbui rrtutuhtli. 



r* j? 




/////s////s/ss/ _VV/yv//////v 



t 



I 






Plate XXXV11. 



GALEANDRA DEVONIANA. 



GALEANDRA* (Bauer's Illustrations of Orchidavams Plants; Gtwra, I, Cf, 
Ijmllctfs Genera $ Spcdes of Orchidaceous Plants, p t 180- Botanical Register 
for 184U, (Ail) Perianthium patens \w\nlU wpali»4qut* itiilnvquulibiis ascondeB- 
tibus. Labelluni tafrndibuHforae, indivisum v. obsolete trilnlmm, caicnraimu, 
int&s lamcllifi (4) auctum. Oolumna erccta membranaoeo-alata, clinandrio 
dcclivi. PolUuia 2, |K*tic* cxcavata, raudicula brevi glimduto brovi divergent! 

bilolxc nduatfi. Herbs terrain, el epiphytic, caulilme fotiatis, rowwifc 

term inn Hints, 



G.Detoniana; caulc ereclo giiiiplici tcreti polyphyllu, foliiS lunccolatis S-nerviie, 
racemo scssili erecto muUilloro, labclli lamina uvatfi obtusa crcnulalfi lamc-llU 
4 pone basin, anthem; crista oaraosft rotundatji pubatoonta 

G- Dcvoniana, Schomburgk in /itleris. 



Among the many interesting plants Bent from British Guayona to Mcttrt, Loddige* hy -Mr. 
Schoraburgk was thai now represented, concerning winch I Imrc received the following memorandum 
from this distinguished traveller. 

11 During our peregri nation* we have seen this plant no where else, but at (he hanks of the Kio 
Negro, a tributary of the Amazon, where, in the neighbourhood of Barccllos. or Marina, we found it 
growing in large clusters on the trees which lined the river, sometimes on the Maudlin aculcnta, or 
even on the ground, where the soil consisted of vegetable mould. It was so luxuriant in growth, 
that some of the large cluster* of stem* which sprouted from a common root might have been from 
ten to twelve feet in circumference. When 1 fir*t observed them on that pretty Paha the Maurilin 
aculeata, I considered it to he an Epidriidrum, allied in it* imtward appearance to that specie.* which 
you have done inn the honour to call after me. Wv did not find either buds, flowers, or seeds when 
we passed the Rio Negro in April : and even on a closer inspection its appearance resembled some of 
the lLpidendreie. The stems were often from five lo six feci high ; at the lower part almost of a 
purple appearance, and changing into green higher up. As tt I ready observed tt is very ahum!. in? 
about Barccllos, and equally in the vicinity of llnrcuduun or lVdrero ; I wonder therefore that it 
escaped Spi\ ( when he vitited the Rio Negro. Although the Rio Bronco falls into the Itio Negro 
nbotr Pedrcro, wc did not observe a single »]>ecimen in that river, nor do I think that it is in the 
Amazon, as it is not likely that it would have escaped Martius. As soon as I looked at i(, when it 
w&j for the first time in blossom at Messrs. Loddtgcs. I considered it to be a Galenndra. and observed 
so much lo you, who had not seen it as yet. As its iiower is not only larger than the generality of 
its tribe, but likewise handsome, J availed myself the readier of this opportunity to request the 
permission of his Grace the Duke of Devonshire that I might call it in honour of him, who not only 









is known M one of the most successful cldMM of Mb. (me of .1.0 «« interring -ribes among 
monocotylod^U-pUoU. tot of whose urbanity and condescension I Lave personally exponent 

numerous proofs since my return lo Europe." 

Thai it is a Galcandm .here is no doubt; but it render* it necessary to modify the cwcm.nl 
cW.tr of that genus, concerning who* true marks of distinction the present » a favourable 
opportunity for making a few observations. . , 

When Gtdcaudm WM first proposed I had imagined .hat the original spec.es. G. Bauer., might 
be combined wi.h the Eulophia graeilis of -he Botanical Register, and n thin! Sierra I^onc plan. 
by .he funnel-shaped undivided lip. the crested anther, and the peculiar fen. of the gland to wh.ch 
.he pollca-mutt. arc attached. But while experience shews thai these character* arc .n fact essential 
,o the genus Gnlenndra, it also teaches us that they arc also in part unimportant, and thai * » 
requisite for them to be combined with other pcculiari.ic* in order ,0 conttlulo a really good 
genus. Of the characters to I* rejected the crested anther is the principal ; of those to be added. 
tho presence of four parallel plates upon the Up, and a terminal inllorcscencc. appear cssent.a 
The Eulophia gracilis will in that case be excluded from the genus Galcnmlra. and so perhaps mil 
G. cxtiuctoria, both which require further examination in order to determine whether or not they are 
to be stationed definitively in the genus Eulophia. 

With regard to that genus. Zygopctalum, and some others nearly allied lo Galcandra, they 
involve some very difficult enquiry, for which sufficient materials have hardly been as yet 

accumulated. 

To the genus Galeandra. in it* restricted sense, I have one specie* lo add ; a grassy plant abou. 
two feet high, with long narrow leaves, small pink .lowers, and tubers in *iu> and form resembling 
the cormi of a Crocus. Mr. Schomburgk found it in abundance in.jho Savannahs, adjacent to the 
River Becbicc j and Dr. von Martins met wi.h it in Brazil, in fields near Almeirim in the Province 
of Para. It may be distinguished thus : 

G. juncea ; tuberosa. caule stricto paucifoHo. foliis linearibns acuminatis trinerviis longC vagi- 
nantibus, raccmo crccto multifloro. labclli lamina dcnticulala obsolete triloba rolundnlA lamellis 
4 pone basin con.iguis juxta medium ineurvis exinde in tribus scrrulatis contlucntibus. 













f J ' 



f ,//sAi*fff/{/ /,//////ftf ////// 



r 



I 



' 









. 



Plate XXXVIII. 



CATASETUM LAMINATUM. 

(The Variety with sptrttal Jhrvers t J 



' J 






Ctaminalum; labello lanceolate basi saccato apico margin tlmsquo inenrvo basin 
versus fimbriato i>cr axin lamella unicfi contort alia intcgril v. denticulate basi 
biloba instructor colunmS cirrlmta. 

C. hminalum. LindL in Amu naL hist, tot. 4. p. 384. Itentftam, Ptatita Hart- 
wcgktn&j p. 72. 

Far. L maculatum; labello, columnft pctalisquc purpuroo-fueco mncnlatis. 
Var. 2. cburneum; labello cbumeo columnft pctalisquc iunnaculatis. 



In die general aspect of this plant before flowering there is little to distinguish it from Crtuctum 
tridcnlatnni ; but its flowers arc marked by many Striking peculiarities. 

Tlic iXffuiitBSCEEtOB b a nodding many-flowcrcd raceme, proceeding from the base of the 
pseudo-bulbs. The sepals are narrowly lanceolate and acuminate, of a greenish purple colour, which 
varies in intensity in different specimens ; elio uppermost is pressed clow to tlic petals the two side 
ones are turned back (ill they touch each other. Tito petals are thin, pale pink, stained with dull 
purple, rather broader than the upper sepal, with which they are parallel, so as to form a kind of arch 
over the column, but not baching it : sometimes however they separate, and fall backwards towards 
the lateral sepals, or Simply spread away from the column. Such was the case in the specimen that 
famished the accompanying drawing : so that this plant has at one time the arrangement of parts 
found in the abolished senus Myanlhus. and at another a disposition peculiar to it*clf, 

The LI? is altogether of a new form in this genus. It has a lanceolate outline, and is hollowed 
at its base into a deep pouch ; its edge* and point are carved inwards, and along the margin, towards 
the base, it is bordered by a flue fringe of slender hairs. From the front edge of the pouch to nearly 
the apex is carried a fleshy plate, planted perpendicularly upon the lip, and from four to five 1 
deep, which, next the pouch, divides into two lobe*, but otherwise is perfectly entire except on th 
Upper edge, which in some varieties is unequally toothed. In colour this part is variable ; in ll 
specimen now figured it was pale greenish pink, spotted with dull but deep purple j mid in a pi 
that flowered in the Garden of the Horticultural Society, ,t the time that this article was going 
through the press, it was of the purest ivory white, eventually changing to cream colour. The 
column is spotted in the variety with a spotted lip. ami nearly plain in that with the white lip; in 
structure it is like C. tnacnhitum. 

The only Botanist* who have found this plant wild were Count Karwiuski, whose specimen* 
exist in the Royal Herbarium of Munich, and Mr. Harlwcg ; in both case* it was observed in the 
neighbourhood of Oaxacn. By tlic latter it was sent to the Horticultural Society, who have distri- 
hutcd it extensively. The specimen now represented was the first that flowered in this country, and 
was drawn in the stove of Messrs Loddigcs. 



mes 
o 
ie 
ant 









/■/ m 










C //'///////// ftf* /* r*tft 









'■ 



t 



i 



Plate XXXIX. 



ONCIDIUM PECTORALE 



O. pectoraht pseudobulbia »vati, oompwssia tulcafe diphyllk, foliis oblongfe «1, 
turns papyroceis scupo a basi paniculate brovioribua, sopalfe latcralibus ecmi- 
connatis pctnluquc obovatfc majoribus undnlatis, labolli lobis lataralibuB iiania 
intermedio maximo convcxo undulato bilobo, crislfl ovaui dcprcesfl acuminata 
margin© verrucosa tuberculieqne numcrwis in frusti forma ordinal circum- 
datJi, columnai alis tmncjitis. 



The wood* of Braril. .coming with plants of boamifnl form, rich colour. and singular structure 
Lave furn.sl.cd th,s. <!.«- handsomest of the ydlow Oncidiums. I am indebted for my knowledge of 
■1 to Jamc* Wcntwortl, llullcr. Esq. of Downes near Exeter, from whom I received a specimen „nd 
drawing in April. 1840. will) the following memorandum : 

'■ I have ascertained that it was imported from Rio do Janeiro, ami it seem* to mo to resemble 
». halm the O. Forbcsii which I received at the same lime, hut in the structure of the leaves it 
aH.roael.es closely to O. flexuosnm. The i*cudo-bull» arc also furnished with leave* at their bftM 
as well as at their ,.oint. which is the ease with Q.$mmm,\m I append not uniformly the 
ease wah all Onc.diums, It seems to me aUo that the anther, which form, „ it were the termination 
of the column and surmount* the stigma, (in which [hero is a considerable Mention of honey) is 
more fully developed than I have observed it to bo in the flower, of other Oneidiums ; and in this 
respect the flowers remind me of an effect I formerly observed in that of Pcristeria data. My 
gardener accidentally bruised the anther of one of the flowers in measuring them with a carpenter's 
rule, and I observed that the flower drooped immediately, and died in the course of two days. The 
other flower* are as fresh as on the day in which they firs, expanded, and 1 hope to preserve then, 
in full beauty for n month longer by keeping the plant in the shade." 

The arrangement of the tubercles at the base of the lip is represented in the figure at the (eft- 
band corner of the plate. It is difficult to describe, and may be compared for general appearance to 
an old.fash.oned ladies stomacher, studded with little knots \ henee the name. 

The eirenn.st.we alluded . by Mr. Butler is a singular phenomenon common in the whole 
Orchidaceous order. He found Km. when the anther was disturbed the flower quickly died This 
was not because the anther wan removed, but because in removing the anther the pollen was brought 
.nto contact with the stigma, and thus the act of fecundation was accomplished. In general from 
the absence of insects, or of those other disturbing causes to which Orcbidacom arc exposed in' their 
native places, the pollen cannot come into contact will, the stigma, and so long as this is prevented 
the flowers of many species will retain their freshness for weeks, as if in expectation of that event 
for which they were created. But as soon as the act of fecundation is accomplished, that is to say 
iron, twelve to twenty-four hours after the pollen touches the stigma, the flowers colla.,sc. ,he bright' 
colour, become dun, the ovary begins to enlarge, ami ,l,e beauty of the flower is gone. 









ft 




i Jivm&Hf& tMrifCtt/fi 



*, titft/f/if}*** */>f Jo* 






tefej 



Plait; XL 



No.1. 



DIOTI IONEA IMBRICATA. 



I), imbricate; coulis nrticulati mtemodiU fusiformibus sulcalis basi sqimmis 
iiiibricnlis, Ibliis linearibus apicc nHusis aut cmarginntid donticulo interjccto, 
podunculis terminalibu* 2-3-floris parit&r imbricate labollo ovale ucuminato 
sc'imlis pHaliscjuo con form i. 



The two plants which form iho subject of (he accompanying plalc arc represented from 
drawing* brought home from Gtmyau* by Mr. Schomburgk, who h«* favoured of with the following 
account of tlieir native situations. 

" Tlw Diolhoncn was met wilh on the high mountain chain between the 65th and 60th meridian, 
and Uio 4ih |»nml1cl of latitude, at an elevation of 8 to 7,000 feet above the *eo. The summits of 
those elevations are thickly covered wilh two specie* of lichen, the Cladonia nmgifcrina ami 
reticulata, the white colour of which conveys entirely the supposition that the ground ** covered 
with snow. Hie thermometer stood frequently in the morning at *17* R, and this decrease of heal 
became sensible to our body, and communicated to the nose a reddish appearance. This, connected 
with the WOW-white lichens, powerfully reminded lis of a winter landscape. And. indeed, tin* 
stunted trees, with grey tortuous branches and their foliage, would have assisted to make the picture 
more perfect, if numerous Orchidaeea-, conjointly with green mosses, had not clothed the branches and 
trunks of trees. Indeed it was the Orchidncen* alone which gave the vegetation a tropical aspect-- 
neither Palms nor Heliconias nor Uranias were to be seen* The Diotbonca, with it* bright red 
blossoms, looked beautiful among tin- lulu of mosses and white lichens, and 1 was so delighted with 
meeting this pretty plant, which grew in such abundance at these heights* that I collected it again 
and again, although I knew how little chance there was of bringing a specimen alive to England ; 
for I had yet to crow upwards of 1,500 miles by water and land before I could reach the sea const 
of Dcmcrnra. 

" I have already observed that it grows in tufts and among the moss which clothes in such 
profusion the trunks and branches of trees in that situation. Mosses ore generally found in humid 
places, and here, where every thing bore the stamp of dryness, this profusion of mosses and lichens 
was surprising. The former covered the ground to such a thickness that on sitting down one might 
have fiutticd oneself reclining on the softest cushion. Among the moss on the ground I observed 
numerous specimen* of ^obralia liliastrum and Evclynn. -Mosses it appears do not always require 
humid atmosphere, nor Sobralias a sandy soil and sunny situation. I need not say how surprised 
I was to meet the Sobrnlia again at Esmeralda among the ridge of heaped up blocks at a sliort 
distance from the village, and which is called Caquirc. I found numerous specimens growing in 
the vegetable Mjil, which had collected between the blocks. ftuida is, however, of the same 
formation as II oral ma, in the vicinity of which I found the first SobralJi liliastrum in Guayana. We 
discovered the Maxillaria near Mount Maravaea. which belongs to the same sandstone- formation* 
It grew in abundance mi trunk* and branches of trees at a height of about 5 to <i,000 feet 












above the sea, where a humid atmosphere was prevailing. Muravucu is about thirty mile? in a 
N.N. IS. direction from Esmeralda," 

The genu a Diothonea differ* from lsochilu* only in having the li|> unit**! to the column* by uu 
intervening membrane, mid it therefore hears the name relation to that genus, <w i* home lo Epidon- 
dnim hy Encvelimm It may ihercforcbe regarded as cither a distinct genus, or a mere form of 
Isochilus* The original specie*, however, collected by ilic late Colonel Hull in the valley of Lion t 
on the western face of the Cordillera* of Pom, has a lip very different in form from the other 
divisions of the perianth, and both have a strong double callosity at the base of the fore part of ihc 
lip ; in the true species of Isochilus, on the contrary, the lip has either one tubercle only at thai 
purl, or none at all 

Fig, I. represents the column and lip of thLs plant. 

Neither this nor the following species have yet appeared in our gardens. 



No. 2. 



MAXILLARIA EBURNEA. 



M. ctmrnca ; pscitdobulhis ovalis aulcatis monophyllis, lbliis lincari-oblongis ncutis 
subcoriaceis in pctiolum caaaliculatum angustatis scapo orccto uaifloro 
vagmato lougioribiiti, vaginis dislsmlibiis aculiuseiilis;, supalis explaimtis lale- 
ralibus triaitgularihiis clongatis supremo petalisrpic lanceolate, labello ovato- 
oblongo loviter crcmilato callo unico acute per medium et duohiis lsittrralibus 
sejunctis muliA minoribus, cohunnfi npioo nncatfi cardine dentate. 



Tlii* plant is one of the most genuine Species of a genus that ttcm» to require reconsideration ; 
but among whose numerous forms no good murks of division have hitherto been found* 

It must lie a plant of considerable beauty, for its flowers are nearly five inches from tip to tip of 
the lower sepal*, and of the purest white. Some of the leaves in my wild specimen* are as much as 
fifteen inches long, and are remarkable for the long channelled stalk into which they laper at their 
junction with the psewdoduilbs ; llieir texture is more papery than leathery. 

Tin* nearest relationship of the plant appear* to bo with M. gnunlitlora. which is said to have 
compressed 2-lcavcd pseudo-bulbs, and a lip plaited transversely at the base* 

ric. 2<i represents the column, with its lonjr foot, from which the sepals and petals have boon 
cut away- Fig, 2b shews the Up with the three callosities upon its surface. 






*4t 




,//,/.4, ////*/ *Hi£€*t/am 






Plate XL!. 



CATASETUM SACCATUM. 



Csticealum; rtepalis lanecolatis patcntibus dorsali potnlisque fornicatis, labello 
suhroliiutlo abrupt^ acuminate fimbriate medio saccalo: ostio coutracto rcni- 
fbrmi postlce dentate, columns cirrhatfi. Lindley in Botanical Register, 
1840, raise. 179. 






This specie* is one of the handsomest of the lingular genu* to which it belongs ilie colour* of 
its large flowers being much brighter than is usual nmnnu tin* race. For if* introduction to this 
country we arc indebted to lite Messnt- Loddi^cs, who procured it from British Guavami. 

In FOLUGB it is so little different from others that it cannot he distinguished by any describahh* 
marks. The flower-stems an* from a foot to fifteen incite* high, and each War* seven or eiHit 
Hovers full four incite* in diameter ; at first they grow erect, hut toward* the point tliey bend down 
gracefully, a* if beneath the weight of the flower*. The skimls arc lanceolate* c^ual. spreading, 
inside deep purple, spotted with yellow, outside tinged with yellow. The petal* arc of the same 
form am) nearly the same size, but are thinner in texture, more spotted with yellow* and at first form 
an arch over the column, but, after the flower has l»ccn for some time expanded, they spread back 
even more titan the dorsal sepal. The lip i* of a most irregular form, and rich yellow, fhicklv 
sprinkled with crimson dot*; in form it i* roundish ovate, with a contraction on each side, and a 
gradual tapering to the point; all round it is bordered by long firm fringe*; in the middle is a 
callous perforation, kidney -shaped in front, slightly twoJobed and wartcd at the back ; this perfora- 
tion opens into a small bag shape*! chamber, which project* below the underside of the lip. At first 
the lip fa ilat; but it soon turn* back at the point, so that at last it is bent iu the middle at almost a 
right angle, ami hides the conical chamber already described. 



i 



"#.' 




I . ■ / . 






Plaik XL11. 



CALANTHE VERSICOLOR 



C. versicolor ; foliis nblon£o-laneoolatis rrectis eoncnvis 7-il-nerviis sotjm apico 
|>uIm\*couU> brcvioribus, racenm denso pyramidalo, l&belli columns brevi 
accrcti trilgbi lobis lateralibtis ovatis nanU intormcdio CUOCuto bilobo multd 
major* basi tritubcrculato scciu limumi int*diam verrncosn, calcaro glabro 
ovarii pubesctMitis lonpitudbio. 



All ilie species of Calanlhe are handsome, ami well deserving introduction lo our gardens; none 
among tliom however seems to excel in beauty the subject of the present figure, which flowered in 
September lbMO» in die collection of His Grace die I>uko of iNorthumbcrland al Sion. It is u 
native of the East Indie*, whence it lias aleo l«cn sent from the Botanic Garden. Calcutta, to the 
Horticultural Society. 

The plant has much the hal>it of Cnlamhe veratrifolia. The leaves arc V€TV broad, rather 
concave when in great vigour, and as much a* a foot and a half long. Among them rise the stout 
noble scapes, round, here and there furnished with a sheathing scale, smooth near the ground, hut 
downy over all the upper portion. Tho r lower* arc quite smooth, of a deep rich violet, vcrv 
beautiful for sorao time after opening, but fading at last into a dirty buff. Th* ggPALS are onte, 
acute, spreading, and rather larger than the PETAL*, which have the same form, bat are a little curved 
hack at the lip* Tho lip adheres by the base to the whole edge of the column, which is unusually 
short; it is thrccdobed ; the side lohra are half ovate, obtuse, ami much smaller than the middle 
lobe, which is obovatc, almost wedge-sha|>cd, and deeply split; along iu middle runs a line of 
vraitf, which terminate next tho column in three much larger oblong tubercle*- The frpoa is curved, 
but little thickened towards the end. and alwmt the same length as the downy Ovary. 

The side figure on the right hand represent* the lip and ovary, with the sepals and petal* 
cut away. 




*4i 



$/frr///rtf//l *fi**irf/*/*f//jf/*ft'*t 



iioi 



0' 



to: 
IP 



LM 



S. 
**. 

Hi 






Plaik XL111. 



HOULLETIA BROCK LEHUBSTIANA. 



nOVLLETIA. (Ailolphe Drougiuart in Annates dcs Sciences Nalurelles, tot. 15. 
net scries, p.37. Unticy h, JioL Itctj. 1841, misc. p. 47.; Periaothium patens, 
senilis sub-liberis: ]»oUilis paulo raiooribus, unguiculatiB. LabcUuiu cum baei 
columna- continuum, patens; hypochilio aagusto, baei oxcavatn quasi bilabiate, 
apice ulriaquo in laciniam producto, lobulo nano interjecin; mctachilio nullo; 
opichilioangulari dilalato cum hy|mchilm articulate. Columna crecta, arcuata. 
clavata, semiteres, Inbollo pauI6 brcvior. Anthem bHocularis depressa. Pol- 
linia -2, postice fissa, caudicula lineari-lanecolata' in glaudulam acutam elon- 
gate, ncc infix! Ucrbre opiphyta?, itteudobiilbosa-, America- a*quim.*tiali*, 

Inliis solitariU plicatis. Scapi radicales, crccli, apice racemosi. Flores spc- 
ciosi, luleo-fusci, bracleis parvis ncc spathaccis. 






II. lirocktihmsliuna ; foliis ini*£i]>edimculutis. ramno (w-Horo, si-palis oblongis 
]H*lalis<|ut* npico rotiindatte, hypochilii laciniU lineari~lanc(M>Iatis rotloxis, epi- 
chilio ovaUMriangitlari subliastalO angulta laleralilms acnminalis. 

Maxillaria? Bnx'kk'luusliana. Hndky in Botanical ltegistcr> 1841, misc. no. 27. 



This singular plant has in many respects (he character of MaAillana. ami so much resemble* 
M, U'urreana in habit, that 1 had intended la consider it one provisionally, until I could examine 
with the ncce&sary care the whole of those genera which constitute a division of Vandftt, CO which I 
(impose to assign the name of Ma\illarida\ For this reason the accompanying plate, which has 
been engraved for some month*, bears a different name from that at the head of this page. 

Recently, however, a plant has (lowered in the Garden of Plant* at Paris, which, if not the 
same species as this, must be very near it. and to which Mons. Adolphe IJrongniurt lias t^iven the 
name of lloullctia, after Mon*, Iloullct. a zealous French Gardener, who found it on trees in the 
Corcorado. I therefore at once adopt the genus, without waiting for further information. 

In some respect* no doubt it approaches Stanhopca. nlso n Mn\illaridous genus: but it has a 
totally different habit, and the hypocliiliuin (lower half of the Up) is not concave, on the contrary it 
is lint, with a funnel-shaped hollow ut it* base* lu genuine affinities however cannot be usefully 
discussed till the whole subject of tin* supposed specie* of Maxillnria is brought under review. 

The iLowKus are full 3j inclie* in dinmrter. and spread out so as to form a somewhat concave 
|h-rinnth richly spotted with brown upon a cinnamon-coloured ground* In texture ihcy are leathery 
and firm. The sepals are oblong, rather obtuse ; the lateral bring very slightly united at the base, 
and somewhat larger than that at the back* The petals are ruther shorter, much narrower, ohovatc, 
and narrowed at the base into a claw. The lit consist* of a hypochilium or lower, and an opichilium 
ipper half, with no intervening portion : it is continuous with the base of tin; column, and rather 



I I 



<<[ 






shorter than the literal sepal*. The HTFOCIHLHm is narrow. Bit, spotted with brown, and hollowed 
out next the fool of the column into a kind of twodipped funnel j from its interior end spring two 
long linear-lnnccolatc taper-pointcd appendages, which torn back toward, the column, reaching 
utmost half w«y up it; just it the junction of the hypochiliuni iml cpichilium, and between those 
appendages is a minute reflcxed fleshy tooth, such w is found in the same situation in Staohopea. 
The BPiciiiLiUMisbroiidertl.au the last, with which it is articulated ; in colour it is a deep rich 
violet; in form it is somewhat triangular, with curved sides, and at the lower angles it is extended 
into a very narrow acuminate appendage, so that upon the whole it has sometime, the form techni- 
cally called hastate. The column" is curved, rounded at the back, slightly concave in front, thicker 
at the upper than the lower cud. The polhm-massc* arc two, deeply two-lobed at the back, and 
planted on the end of a long narrow cnudiculu. which runs into an acute gland in such a manner 
that the tm. arc completely blei.de' together. The solitary withered flower, which alone 1 have had 
the opportunity of examining, prevents my describing those parts more exactly. 

It appears that (he credit of first introducing this noble plant from the Brawls is due to J. H. 
Wanklyn, P-so... of Crumpsall House, near Manchester. It WIS first flowered by T. Brocklehurst, 
Esq., of the Fence, ncur Macclesfield, to whom 1 am indebted for the drawing, by Mrs. Powell. Mr. 
Thomas Appleby, the gardener at the Pence, informs me that he has cultivated it in n basket 
suspended in the Orchidaceous house; but he thinks it will succeed better in a pot treated like a 

Muxillnrin or a Pcristcria. 

Fig. 1. represents the column and lip. after the surrounding parts have been cut away: 2. is a 
pair of pollcn.masscs, with their caudicula aud gland, seen from Above : 3. is the same viewed from 
below. 



ffM 







(*brA**fi A & 



i* 1 



1** 

«4* 









Plats XL1V. 



OKCHIS FOLIOSA. 



Orchis foUosa. Solan<t<a>s mss. in Mm. Jlrit. Zom primUia Flora Madcrmm, p. 

13. Botanical Segu/ar, /. 1701. Lindle;, Genera and Specie, of Orchidaceous 
plants, p. 264, 



Although contrary to tJ.o practice I have hitherto observed, of admitting into the present work 
no plant* that have been figured elsewhere, 1 trust to be excitant for introducing (he subject of ihe 
present plate a, a most noble example of die beauty of plant* nearly approaching to the Orchises of 
our own pastures, 

This specie* is not uncommon in our gardens, and is treated successfully as a greenhouse plant. 
It is i. nntire of Madeira, where, according to die Rev. Mr. Lowe, it inhabits woods and thicket*. It 
is usually no handsomer than the wild O. lalifolia, to which it in fact approaches very nearly ; but 
under skilful management it grows three fret high, and produces such magnificent* pyramids of 
(lowers m are now represented from the conservatory of William Wells. Esq. of Hedlcaf. I possess 
a wild specimen from Madeira, for which I am indebted to Dr. Leman. but it bears no kind of 
comparison Ibr vigour with rli.it before u*. 

It grows further to the southward than any specie* of Orchis properly so called, with die 
exception of Orchis Canadensis, which occurs in the Canaries, on die rocky rid«cs, called Los 
Organos. above the valley of Oroiava, and is known by its shorter bracts, thicker spur, and truncate 
lip. 

Fig. I. gives a view of the general appearance of die plaut: 2. shows the lip. column and spur. 




f, 



/'////A/zs/J// /// * f /*///// ft w 



t 



I 



't 












.jttal 
■■ha 

'-If 




Pi.Ait XLV. 



EPIDENDRUM VITELLINUM, 



Kpiclciulrmu vitollinum, Lindl.gen. ami $p* of orchidaceous ft/mris^ p. i>7. Botanical 
Register^ 1840. t 30. 



1 1* 1 1 



This plant has been alrendy figured in the Botanical Register, from u small pallid *pcriif 
produced in the garden of George Barker. Esq. of Birmingham. Yet 1 venture to add it to re- 
collection; for who could recognize the gorgeous species on the opposite ]tfige, in tin* ftUrrCliitg 
just alluded to? 

Kpiihrulruin vitcllinum i* undoubtedly the handsomest of its genus, not yielding to even such 
a plant n* E. Skiuneri. when it i* in a Mate of perfect health ; n eondition in which I regret to say 
no one has >een it in this country. Let me hope that the accompanying faithful representation, 
taken from suecimens gathered by Mr* Hartweg on the Cumbre of Totontcpcque. at 0000 feel 
nbovc the level of the sea. and in which nothing i* in the smallest degree exaggerated, will rouse 
the possessors of it to exertion, and induce them to give it the care its singular merits entitle it to. 

In what is known of it* habits in its native country we possess the key to its proper management, 
and the explanation of any failure that has accompanied its cultivation up to the present time. It 
Is, strictly speaking, an alpine plant : roofing among Lichens, Jungerrnaunias, and other inhabitants 
of a cool moi*t climate ; and never exposed on the one hand tu a higher temperature tlian 75*, nor 
on the other to one lower than 4-1*, but undoubtedly, in its season of rest, enduring as small an amount 
of heat as that. Indeed the circumstance, mentioned bv Humboldt, thai at the elevation of IMMli 
feel on the mountains of Mexico, there arc found Dog Hoses ami Strawberries, mixed with Peppervrorte 
(IVperomia) and the Manila (Chciroxlcinon platanoides), indicates with some accuracy the kind 
of climate enjoyed by Epidendrum vitcllinum, 



fl.M 




*/,//*/?///// ////,* ///r*'//// 




prt 



riln 






Plate XLVl. 



EPTDENDRUM PHCENICEUM. 



K|wk*mlrtim plurnimun. Botanical lie*/* for 18-11, number 120 of the miscellaneous 
matter* 



This bono of the few Orchidaceous plant* yet imported from Cuba, whore no doubt there 
are great number* to reward lite search of the collector. It ha* been introduced by Me**r*. 
Loddigcs, 

Beautiful as it i*. it approaches very nearly to the dingy Epidcndrum adenocarpon of Ln IJaw 
tlld Lexarza. which i$ the tame as Mr. BatcmanV E. papillosum ; and differ* principally in the 
structure of the lip, which in tlu* sped*** ha* two di*tniei elevated plate* at it* base, ending 
abruptly* without throwing out any runner* into the main surface of the lip ; while in E. auYnocarpnn 
there ore no plate*, but the whole base of the lip below the column is thick and fleshy, whence 
diverge five ftlcttdc? radiating veins the central of which i* thickest. 

The p&eudoiiclbs are large, rotindi*li*ovsttc. 2-Ieavcd. The LEAVES are oblong, narrow, erect, 
somowhat -twi* ted. The SCAPK i* much longer than the leaves, paniclcd, crec*, all over rough with 
minute a*j>eritie*, from two to three feel high- The flowers are scemle**. The sepals and 
PETALS are of a leathery texture, deep purple, slightly mottled with j;recn *pcck*, obovatedanccolatc 
and widely spreading The MP i* nearly an inch and half long, of the dear bright violet of Cattlcya 
labiata, with deep crimson vein* and stains ; it* side lobe* are paler, erect, oblong. Ovale and wavy 
at the point where they are turned backwards : tin? middle lobe is nearly round, deeply einarginate. 
with two elevated plate* ju*t below the column* 










>///frrfrt/fff//t - 1$w///fr/ 



y 












& 



******** 

MfciWn 



*Vfc 



1 1 



m-7*-*. 



•^* 



Platk XLV1I. 



SACCOLABIUM J3LUMEI 



Saccolabium Bhimei. Lindlcy in Bot t Ueg, 1841, mitt. 116. 



Although this plant lias much resemblance to the common Saccolabium guttatum, it i* in reality 
very different That species is a native, as it would wvm, exclusively of the comment of Intlia. this 
of Java* That lias long slender racemes, this short broad ones. That a leaf with the point irregularly 
truncate, this a leaf rather acute, and terminating in a kind of mucro. That ha* a lip of an oblong 
ovate form, thin has a lip broadest at the end and deeply cmarginatc. Finally, the flowers of ihis 
arc twice a* large a* those of Saccolabium {*uttntnm. and differently coloured, there bciti» no spots, 
but the sepals and petals having each a streak of violet below their points, and the lip a broad'lilac 
slain everywhere except at the point, which is while. 

At one lime I thought this specie* might be ihc lthyneostylis retusa of Biume, because it in 
the only Javanese plant I have seen which could be mistaken for Saccolabium guttatum : but upon 
examining the dried specimens brought from the Philippines by Cuming I find another still more 
like that species than the present, and with the " folia apice hifariam retusa " which Ulumc assigns 
to his plant, but which do not occur in the species before us* 

These three plants, namely, the true Saccolabium gnitatum. the S. Blumei. and the Manilla 
plant, width mav be named S. macrostachyum. and which is a most noble species with a stem as 
thick as the barrel of a musket, and a raceme as long as n field officer's plume, may be distinguished 
in the following manner. 

1. &j»Hai*«4L,i».lfclO. SffFt**t*«J*tt**i. Kc<\ Ifa* 1-113); **» krngi" nnlirutaU ia^iuJtor UaikiU. ueuuu nxvmU 

cvtii>dra*t* dmriftwu n^uilibui. ■*!**» otitis !***»■ ttojM wauioribos Ubctli «W* c<to|xw«o unwito^oric* IraU 

OVllO-ohlonKri gUM A**> wbTOrtAti. **|*rfi« uttxy- Ijtupjiib. Th* Pnimwla *f Mi*. 

2. & flf— ri (Lirdl. Ik*. rW- l*ML mbc. tS. ^° Orth. t 47,) ; folii- bojjU ArufcuUn* imuiu tetfil mucroaaii. nu*iui» 

proliA. <!wifori> obttwi. -r^uJibus «?&* o"lis prf-lii oblocgi* dii|J,» nngunkril^s U»IU ^«* <ow pff « obM.iu.cuV> 

Umiiu obtoigi rrtuncUti riliitA rmirgwwti uuk*|ur «.uii. ./<i™. 

a & mttwtxtLy** <JHj««*fl# mm*. Bfemc Bpfc tt*?)i ttb lopfiU liffrJui- **• muatbtU cin**inim rmi pe*WU 

longMttri. wftl** b«™ibus «pAi obl^nps P**>» **» an^rtk^QS l*c« «l™ conipn**. otou*. l»M obl*^ 
iit*puoiUtA obtu**.^— /'AiJiflW***. {an(Jar*7} 




MM 



* /not 



^^S" 4 










0*0* 



<?y 



ii|n 

Hrftrirr. 

TV vim 



•* 



■■/- 



■I** 



'** 




Platb XLV11I. 



ONCIDIUM BARKER!. 






Oncidium Barken* Limlley h Botanical Register for 1841, no. 174 of the 

Miscellaneous matter. 



Of the great genus Oncidium must »f the specie* have flowers sufficiently Urge and gaily 
eolourcd to render them plants of striking beauty : bat among them are a few pre-eminent in this 
respect, and of lhc*e the species now figun d may be regarded as one of the finest* In the sisc of 
the (lowers it is only equalled by O. Papilio, Inslcayi, and a few Peruvian specie* ; in the brilliancy 
of the yellow lip it is not inferior to 0, bifolium, while the rich spotting of the sepal* and petals is 
only equalled by O. Papilio itself, 

At present the species is of the rarest occurrence, having only flowered in the collections of 
Mr. Barker, who imported it from Mexico, and of Mrs. Lawrence of Ealing Parle, 

It* rst:vr>o-m?uis arc exactly oval, compressed, blunt-edged, with a furrow or two passing down 
each side. The leaves are small for the size of the plant, two to each pscudodmlb, of an oblong- 
lanceolate form, with a long sheathing striated footstalk, which is distinctly articulated in the middle 
The scape it* terminal, a very unusual circumstance in Oncidium, with about three sheath* on the 
part which supports the flowers. The jitter are disposed in a simple curved RACEME, and arc 
from five to seven in number* The SBPAU and PETAU are alike in form and colour, linear-lanceolate, 
w ary f spreading or turned back: the lateral very slightly adhering at the base; they are covered 
with deep rich brown spots and bands on a pale cinnamon -coloured ground. The MP is pun* yellow, 
without a single spot, much paler on the under side, and longer than the sepals ; its middle lobe is 
very large, broader than long, slightly pointed at the apex, which nevertheless curves inwards in the 
manner usual in this genus ; it is distinctly stalked ; the lateral lobes are flat, oblong, truncated with 
rounded angles, and not more than a third the breadth of the middle lobe* The CREST (fig- J.) 
consists of an anterior tubercle, which is slightly threcdohed and hollowed out in front, and of a 
depressed iwodobed elevation immediately behind it. The column is unusually short, pale yellow, 
with a pair of rounded oblong wings. 



At Plate XXV, of this work an attempt having been made to distinguish on more satisfactory 
grounds than before the genera Cyrtochilum and Oncidium, I now fi^l bound tu state that the 
examination of more specie*, and a very full revision of these and the neighbouring genera, ha* 
satisfied me that the reasons assigned in the place referred to are unsatisfactory, and that Cyrtochilum 
cannot lie longer regarded as having a claim to stand as more thn nn artificial section of Oncidium, 
h trill be remembered that ihi* genu* was established by Messrs, Humboldt and Kunth. in their 
Nova Genera et Specie* Plimliirum, upon two species wilh stalked petals and an undivided lip, 
character* certainly very striking in several Peruvian and other specie*. But there are so many 
insensible gradations by which the form of the petals and labelluiu varies in the numerous forms of 
Oncidium* that those distinctions cannot be maintained, and all others substituted in lieu of them 
have equally failed when applied to practice. In the attempt, too, to modify the character of Cyrto- 
chilum, specie* have been introduced which would be more properly stationed elsewhere : these are 









Cyrtorhiluni ixtoidc:* and jinrtiiiiiiin which are rather Odontoglojwa, and C- llavescens and stelliituui 
which are better placed with Oncidium Ituascllianum in Miltonia. 

For tlic purpose uf putting thi* matter in a* clear ft light as I con. and because of the ciiormou* 
increase of the genu* Oncidium itself of late years, from 38 specie* in 1&12 <» 101 in 1842, together 
with xhv nwy repetitions of the Mime ftpecics under different names, now scattered through many 
liooks and many places, I have been tempted to draw up the following abstract of the genu*, in doing 
which an opportunity ho* been taken of entirely remodelling it. 

ONCIDIUM. Smtrtz. +L. p. 196. 



Sect. I. CVRTOCHILUM* Ubeilum iou^nn l™i nn^tn- 
i»» iiee AtincuUium tiiti longc linyiiJculAlum. 

• &«-&) ft wMti mimiYr*'^ ¥»Qvk*Iati *ttAfO**fo**j. (QrCO* 
childn. 0,£ L.JtV*llU) 

I. O. ■JioViofm (Cyr/rtri^Kw ■'*rf«ftiu* 1 H.U.K. L.p.'Jlu\); 

r*hrim*«nli*, imrtuUlU imo(»ubu».' -V* fjreav.vio. 






«MbU»*ijei 

—flown bfvwu, B(u(lnl *i'h white 

*kU\ wUow viihiti» v«w|(*t«l with red 
a*, hi^h w a UUi 

"icti"'» mlwinift undulMi* reflect, eUcrioribut »]ttihufaii», 10- 

teriorihu* obmAttV* -V. bVffediA*. Up <nnt*. »cii.U', con- 

\t>\+ emied *ith tubervle4 ml tin- bw. Sc»|>c »yct*1 fort high, 
much bm-iicljctL with truitjpilnr r*mt(ir,iltiMi*. 

0. <X c#rv*fMloram (UwlL Wrt. Ofch. *ub I. '25* (Woe-Wir*- 

mUilfb 1*^^ i»v- |*ft. to. 1. 3h t «M : |t™l<;l*dlK* Aiiflui- 

tMm* couipmuPf folitt aoflUn^vUnceoUli* nrali**iiuls *e*f* I 

rainoto funicttlAto. br*ct™ BW^bfirtiW** MbratviMb obtmwi- | 

ims *ep*1u *ub«tt«*do<blwittto l<*ff»* unipiin*UliN ^uli* nngut* 
tn.ril-.j- IwKvolflti* *cuM« rrtWt, labcllo w«iJi otvnato rotun- 

iLito- caIIii itA*™ ifcprotoU apic* trim* Utete rupnui tubcrculAhs 

ColumnA rlftMJi *li* Ittfleu-, /W ■>* <«»W "I" 

arc from 15 lo -20 fret Ion*;* Hrt-avr* two \nthn in dtttneier. 

^[uU \i^(. IVul* white, tinged *Aith n»*. Ujukvpcrinaoa 

*bo*r tbe roi*Mle. NfitmitKuuufctitf ibe difleeeoor brUocn ihi* 

chancier nud l^-pifi 1 * fiftur* 1 hfttti DO doubt it i* tlic «unp pUnt 
4, 0.tyri***(l&™. I^^WM; piwuloWW»o«u*Mie^ 

libot bilrtUtocumiiuili*ii»ttfnnpdi:i <l«™ti M^^tii »*mit\ ohpiKi*- 

Uii, Afarfcp < ll<*<ir MwrtM). Scapi* iatiU^L I'Wn 

*n iitfh *iut haM in aimnccrr. *mi*lUnfl of W»i *i«4t^l Itk^ a 

lijjrr"* **""- lip jVllow. iw< tpuitnl. 

f SpiuUlntrralUiTujuncu. 

: ( .(U.^fiMi (CVr/ivAc/*« MuniAvfw. lJndl* i" &4* Itrjf. 
lKl«<t*ll< IL Mm!- 1. rtisOO. S-rtUBiOrchtairrHtn.t.v;^); pvi>- 

dobiilbti muii* mm[in*b Miban^dlAiiidipliiitU SW fcliwi*, fvlti* 
likit lijpiluit jwimijiMrti* itriulit nww ^h^oc vuur^iimti^ *<*\* 

\wtkt Xr\t bnrti#tt»t» KitininjrSinnibu*, *r|oli* |ictnl»|ti*» Runcnt* 

pin^*t*j-bjtci«UtU ncuii*i«iMts Ultrlb Tunubnuifttco oblongo apt. 

cuIaIO utriiwiu* iVuulo Utnrlli* *|iwb*i» ml U^ h tn vt oxuttttlo 

utrinfl^nlkcotumiwCilraniuil^^peTriHiw. Mm***il G*n* 

iemttta. H<ni-r» very iwol, wll>^Wi^trr*t>, »fK4tcd wtUi 

lifimi'. Up wliit^* tirow* ou otkt onlj, iu llw (eiBjn*ratun.* <pf 
Ai* tr>T0*. Several %*rirtw* *rrkt*rtmt 'Pu- i»>*t rmunUWo 
m — \ t It*,tstiii***j*. Ik*. M*g. t.:V<H0.j ftiuli /""•>"«. 

Hot. l!iy. IHU, hi«c. W7< UUlEo iubh£i»bkUi bcmii. ImmiUlrtik 
Tf »}ritiblt*. 

5, Q. *tTtimi*tfvHmm yCv*t<xhtf*m cru^inifeiitm^ liitti]. In 

Aim.N*t. Hi*. 4.:**J. l"**< IftKL (W«d li>^, llwkvrm 
\b*~ Mo^.i. :i^l. Feb-IHIL): Mii* IwiraiWwifontHlMu aniuw 

UIAl> rnxti* ntwnw HtlKviMraUlo luvvioribtu. Ubrllo obomto 

idUwrrltiH U*a &*lMii*lbio, o>Uhiw» *Il« pinu rxriuiwhtk 

Mrf'tt** MtKh!ik*0.n«icuL*tijmjHitdJiSpT*itttlwfo«ntifit* 

Y\\x i|»ierj i»»rro» tntvrs niwi ^Ttullef flower*. ll*e t!|> U jell»« 
/■ 1 wvJp^-Ji-ijtfil, wilh roundett anjlf*- 
7. (h&ip** \Cptvth\Um fitipr*. UmIL in Hot, Keg, 1ML 

nutc. 7*2* 1> -»*>; »™p > IrtdOtrtitoA ■im|*hVJ fiitf**mi *|»iee ijho 

Lwi1» cu(*ea*« irtfiuoHim UllttUO U*i **W |«"^'» %i»bxim|Jiri 
M*l>ltib*iri;Ul« *o*t«\ eolumtjr tilt inmtinit cuoratii (mit«iLi«» 

^-^<p*»nff**iZii.-^^'nii» h** n very 4encler ■tow. tbOft r*tO f*v< 

Itmff. pCTiVllv«™He ( <iii lh«e»lmiH* pwit of mhirh ate fc-ar or 
Tne iVj*«*.iim* U>e m of Ihnw of O. iiMi'tilntum. 

K O, mitit«*l**m {tyrtcfhUrm WtfoVn«*U^ litH.k in IW. 
Kok* lKl><.m.tr,:K lKjo,t.<f2.);ii-*wWwlo^'nnhUjir«rt|w*^* 
fORUfjMll n-- ^1,%lh* Imi i^pfiviri*. foliu ii^jUt« neultt |»b* 
muKuli* eBrinilii *cof-> ntu*&H> UMiltA bft^vionbu*. brucfeit Iftn. 



cpoUui pcduivulit dM|ilA l*rvtM>ribuh m^ui prtAlitqiie mnli* 
m-utiututts UbeUo ■mipikuUto *ub e*miito oU«nto*lii^iUto- 

rep.»^k» \Amm mtiicv n'l1er*o invito pubc«ce»ie b« ubwtvti* IipmI 

Ulixcokwiw Juiiitiltiriflii.— — iVm. |-1<f *fift bright \-rllov, 

HtLoli* *^ i'**Jti>i t 

!>. 0.1' eiwrgwtffuM^Mpw. J« |H*20fL); " folii Uuct^Uio- 
Uiminbii«ul<u»Uf*miirKhuti>ji^butU*riiiifm!ibits Ubelk>obo% L *vo* 

un>gvnuno, ^iH^tetait »1U iivwo-^iMwtuodU" £r*w^?. 

— t\niV-i i^ttdmiri, Mlcuti. Fi*tL; *2 -S)-pulL k«u;ju rlorw 

itarvif punmn'i, |Hit»eti>. wprtitei* ii'>tAti. SejoU wl^fm^o-luvx^o- 

InM. arutniuiA, inferior* *2 pfcululum bmiorn, oblongo* acuta. 

Ij.betl.im olwvAlum* ta*i Altewjatum, iusv*'nimuiiw pkmin^ 
tupra tiib^tviili* nmirfucmibu% oc4»lom. CVilumiu breris np*^o 

klu ft panU, |citMi*^Tvrit*k MuuduU inarucu. 
ft Se|t*U UteralU contiA'n. 

10. O. ^*irAjwWrvj* (litnH. S*ftum, «ib t, *35*h jiwrnTtobul- 

In* (4iiH|(*v tai{i> lenui tub-biAon\ Mtmi* lhir*ri* 

ImieeoLttu iimtu!nlt< ACUtaHUiltt Uti'nilibut but cOOtaguUi pvUJt* 
|ji k W*rittui corifoovii1> r 1 .s Wvllo obvmto mentbnuiAeeo cuutrvifotii 
comvxo: tuberrolU bii«< pnnxlteli* ewrorsim tiniMli* niDNinl 

um rna'i Vdnpimhits nft» imnU tnihedl<Mniinfularibu>*" 

wlute. 

11. O. w^y (UnoLcr in Ik4. Mn-. t. : hJ-j. ■ : nttuilobulbo 

Otalo fti^i\l|rs foUi* liKU«H»-i-uicet>tuU r»cviwetVeti>W^ioribii", 
v[uU> fwloli^iie ta»c<x-litit conformiUh ; Utcnttibw teioieoir** 
pulis UbeDo myiiiciiliiiH nv&lo ohtiiKi emirpiinto iuot!io ox*- 

itricto baii biUmelktu lon^rv. ct-Iuttiiur nlk nxti* inuwmli*v— 

y/fiiji/.— -Hover* pT.i[oyelUy*. uithoui Any tpr>U> 

ll>. <>. ^vlfr,T/-w jriivHL Serlum, pub L A): v^urWrulW* 

futile .*...» iKndeU oblong tneiubranAcci* obtuti*, floribn* 

fWfuU, m<(vi1.. lateral t lm» ^n\u^nuuitii j-.*tjlwii**» Unertjlnli* ueutti 
coofi*nnibui *t cot)eol>rilius bbello tjhpt>e«uti> eooe*ivo obov«t«> 
«cu|» ItAt'k bilnttielUtti tuberculo ranA infra tnodium tnbuM|tu k 
ilciiticuln i^terjeetis coluimuc aIii aii^u»li« Ln&b* iiifSeu*t'— — 

13. O. fMlMivni/ pvu^^ulbii oinlibu* M-iJnl 1 ^ fc»w* 

obkoci* lrt»i ctA^iiiiAiU mcemo volubili uiultiV bre«ioriGu*v tcuati* 



Sejuli jrxl pL'Uli bruwii Aiidjellow. 1j|> Aj^iArentlv 



limuribti* ntiilU obcti^ wlnlu obnnl» triiib> majoribo* n*tTeii< 
UbeUo otainio cntorpnAto repaiido ultra naeilium >l*Lunollnti\ 

niltiiHtitr a!U tiu\iiiat aciiiAclfunnilM*?. /V/w, u« trtt».jf*>v*f- 

m*j i*t AptU* A ilmwiii'f of tfu*. bv Air. MtitlH^u », i'\i»!» m 

Sir W. 11ooV*r"» brttarhiiiL It U n moat rciiuultbfe pnpj t «iih 

iiik 1 liLi*' (Vmer*. h1h»-c Itp nt*l <vtumu-winp ajoiw aiv *4ji1iv«] 
uiih bnfM erim*- F -n* 'J lie *(e«i b ibf-^l 1} font l«i£t <w tx-^er. 

atmI tbe meemc it*df* of vhkh Kilf « dWon lly*vr* only ire »Sevn 

in tlio li^ure, IwiiHt nximl muill Mtekh. 

14. C ooorwi'rv (IV4, relio, lb 1.09.). lVwfobnlbu* 4-jk*11. 

Kolin ipKtn* $cApii* tcrmiiuibs f^Wi** ercctuv *ipni* mem* 

btuiuceb Albi<L» ivilitus ij*iw |taniculilui. I^uijc. HWpU ]ut. 
1.c>JU Llmrt. ImeAri-Uiie, nem. meinbr. inferiors J*! 1 ^-- I""V. 
IVnnntlt, ereeto^iitcn*. S?jr* lin. Unr. acut. rrq, i lin. E<^.i. 
I^ibell. m|uikai^ + obo\%1. iittcpr. Croctu-itfttciUi ba»i *tipni entta* 
tutu. Column* Apieem i^tVk*) uliij- a-pk« 3-<Wiit^ deotc medici 

in rmtiutu rXiir-Ututii pro!oiu*AttK .l/e-riAT. Known *m|y 

from iVet). wlune habitat i* i.ntiblj *mi;. If ibe trope U t\*x\U 
termiiiAl, tlti. (J*!.t nui lianllj lv aii Oorwliuw. 

Ster.ll. KUONCIDlt'M. [jiMhm ru»4 Aurieulaium. iwb* 

viimA T, ^lobuiO. 
+ Stjurfd r. pftaltt mihjf'if} **</viVj'£j/4 wbttmlita* 

Macrajstbium. 
* Scpala Litcrali* dujuuctA* 

15. O. nwrroaMirai {U ;t W; fwo>Mnilb;« COAli*. folii* 

obkeuri* obtUiiX mterm lolubtli, winilit c^rdiiii <>blocx^i* ob!ti«i* 

umlulati* utifiuWuUtU. i^uii* m^uAhbu* eirfki-nmbn. \n\iV* btio- 
iiltu« el bwHib uiiiEUvulati*. UMli hn^Ati Innnih latenlibai 
iubu1r*iti< iiitentif*iue -wimuo.vtje Aipulibui eritt'i trilain«*lLit i ; 
Imnelli* apiiv eoiiflneittibu* utriiiuue ifeudibu* duabm ruocii iua, 
rtJtlmtue alt* n4mwlali.*% ■ ■ ff mrymf^jf,— ■ *— rloKi'n thnv or fmir 
itxHe* *er*K-. S»mb |fuq k lj»|i.|»ro«Tit 1ijt|HHl with jvltow. I'etAlt 
bri^ltt )«tkrW. l,ippur]^e T hitba white rn^t. 




»a»^-JJ 



■ tr**- 



ji tJ 



N. II. It) flic folln-iiij,' rorerencr^A.,(ulto«i"11i; * |<i(i-. J"«;i "fuifiix L%;lt'?'t G>-mi «nl $;•*'%•• <>f 0'<tht«<i\-ri pbuti. 



141. O. Mftfata (lindL Scriuui urit t t iV| ; i^niUml-V, 

f,J <* »**oniti>|*iKx*4uii Drat* roriiocl* W ftibTtu- 

uiis ---a|*> pwifUAita rmnuMinn, brottri* cttoMJa cuculLU« 

tiKtnbraiiAfv** obdms K *|nh« mif-uWiikli* ontii wduUUv iWjL- 

1|I " ,; ' "■■" I' ■ i->'v;iri- crtfii dtnd dtfli, bAiilll Until 

UHkitUli kfe* nnscu^u jknimiau-. A^ntlicibu* rfi^i win!."- 
ilcis Emilia tubApttii /V™. 

17* O. vrrel*m; (Bcutkitalbit tnnlite* ■hi-billi.., tout rnvttt 

rigidit K«iii Ui»i Aiign-uni- Kumlittihuii pafeuil i*u*niw:* bn- 

♦.iuribu*. »cj*li* vfr*to-*n«|«th* il<x*li muf^rmi Utcr*lihu* multo 
k«wk«ibtiB£4<nn!t* lalfttiwim**. jrUJinnnti* ik^U* wmlu-cm- 
pm|| rauivn-rtlbu*, Lht4t> mul& mjiuc* Twlatu: kvimii imili* 
laflrnm^lM liw,in i J.lii^i mknIjij OMI»trict\ ItfrniJ-V;* Mll»tl>illl 
!Wt<&> iititx-rihu*. ^ri*li iW[*t*" + Wrvtmliili), nduimu* if.- 
Ill i* aMfKWrriibu*.— /Vr*.-~— r lKn »iagulir flint In* anil 
Wvu found by HuUvxl IWtx. nrnt-wg «briH»<lmitij;i nl Lima, 
km fcuml nml mwl by Mr Math***, «h.< will tlw Itgun: <o 
Sir W. Ilnr-4i<r> lit* frnn»rt «r ivjwrirfcd of a danWW> 
brown, will* ihc tip* *-f th* prul* vrlknr. The literal «*|hilt at* 
mofr (Ihti in inch imil thnv^juirlcr* boa ; ibc petal* mrtourv 
Mil inch and <}iuiftvt 4 utiil ibr di^ful h-(u1 t* ix-uHv vi mib ami 

l-.it i i'i-" 



Sff*k Utcruli* cooMfet. 



IK 0.<rfa« (1-odiL l_ p. 1^7. Bo*. It,< 

bath* obbapt uikfttit rupxi- uVjfbyllU, foti» 

Atvtt*, *o*.jo «ib-tiin]*lici tnitllillnm, *t<]uli* 



I ■ it ll,» 

»]n!..i. 



utaun* lalcr*bbu* ■cwiifonn.ilis |**aK* cmp(-» inajorilKi* nhbiiu^t 
<irn!iUli» iimpi'xitlilit* Ubrili Mil* Utcrjlihu* cufiiu&inmhu* K- 

f ■ rv. i i «iil- ii' ■ iii.*vni ■■ 1 1 1 - ,■ - . . ■ nt ii" ' In '.hi -'-'o .-.[,: iP 

undulates cnrti'i ifci| JiH Mr* iL lu-^V ■ <b -umi. cobun&f tli« rotwi- 

iLm» lU'HtWvktU nmMs ItraiiL Ho**t* b^r, bm^is 

nhk « ;*lk* huh nt tlK* l»* nf tbf Np. Scmj* ««m-ij»w* with 

liftv or fcivtv (kum, 

19; O. ^Wlmf (H«**r Bot ; M v . t. «7<0,)i nrnMrnU 

i»nlibi» MWiit tnc«tflfkb%lli>, f**Iii» luvr<^iln rwiaivu. ■ta|k» «i- 
tiWiUUA multirtoftf, *<^1* iiblvf^i <^nu*i* liiitfukiJuii. hirnilibui 

H'mU^Hitwus Main oN^'iti* ilujJi najoritm^ hhvUi kkm law 

oilit & r»ti**i» m^ihUtfiTilibu^ columup nl^ |*ni* tlcritoli^ — ^ 

th*i:tt> Kr^tttbli* CK owmnit but ii much wt*rv Uatitiful* 

bA^ing tlw iwult ix^vtl »ilb br^frt yvltr*. »ml mw of lV ^i*Ii 

U.-:M -iili ' ■■ pHH *0>»r* 'IbriiliMtlwtiiUlyrponidcWKl 

piv a««fcwi»j boi thr pwuivj ooiwr of lb? flowm it much 

brtnrtxr limn to tho llpift* to tJw Iktutiml M^.uiur- r Jlir bi* 
<W-nUtivn uf ihc »i«^ L^tU* cdtmiA i* ■ i^rublr cift-umhtniirr. 
Irtit ihc nwvoilip> uf U»c l»^ of Ibf Itj* ait rc*t»tAbtli *■ pt|«v 
I EUrJ iV^bf** l»; 



.■^1, 



Irv Sf \Vm< lltx4«ri 



f I; .^vm^i r. fxttrlv Uni atp* 



ttftit* llMcnit^Mtmii 






IJiicIL ^rtmii, 1* i».l ; p*™k.bulbli oviiw 






fbnvi vnliiwlU drcsroduX coIujmwp n!i> traiKain 

1 :- r*,-r. lirp*, *rn' ifco^T. S'jmb Ami prt_nji 

»i» 'I'll wilh jVlW* " 1*4* l ,ri Jt ,rt jrllowi 



>.if. 



^ Im*i i-AbWuittc faivtKknbttN i*wl» Uirmtbut «-micorjati* |r- 

i»um>rrilc. tnAumo imhivku unuuUto ttW*\ cn^.* mW <>n<v*a 

*cum3ttAM awvi*- »rt™«^ tttliwnilwptt? immr-wt uj . fnnji 

tt(e-brtr«Ti| 

lubfivlr* 

3L a Jh»f«-'» (T «^IL i« »** «■«. *«*> L >?»■» » l 1 *^ 1 ?* 

Ulbis W« «*!■> "«**" I«»J™^ *^ 

.ti|.»*lllO (ICiAliHJUl* ubjvtfi* dto# mm*u bWMl*wftBi»? 

rW^kO* i^K «ia\ Wot:, mimd ^-^ mb^mil* 

li^ribu> (I) ,ii«liUili.tt-1«n«*^nt*«ttUt» .ulMiuAdrrf!* 

-rolbnjiuJHUtW, Jtrasit A bcauiiful y^ 

ft kti|h* lw« frtfi liiffh : it iwmbW 



«• V. fmfobiim {l„ y. ititk); i^tnlobalW - . «T» 

..*,,» tnjHi M^alu kiipmnv obovaio dinkilo in- 

fMiOfp ^-(»ftili> *ru»t*mlr» Ultrtt* tolitipli, eHaIj> <J-juii« urn- 
•iluklU fimuiK Ubrllt Lciiiia im^nnrtTi.i Hiiimtuinipt AhHuUQ 

httraDyuj tkn trfU u ttctadrtitiW rri*ti ikdwtnlU fiHbdui 

pMlkd Mlimli truwAtJ Atilu>> ilivrtxoittibikU, o4umi# aIU 

cf»au. «f-W CDfTuMlftj fltnantlnri fi*nbrUto. ltt*M 

Urn-* luU'i ; h'|ali it fictAla *qnjnij**^> tiutubria* hbcllUMivhi* 

c<*er. Cri*4A [HMk4 orfnw, wrtk^ Wngul—, 

S3, 0, 'omiycriB (I* it IW, Itoi. Ito-;. t. IMi); [«*^^k 

VftpQ unpljov ipWcviitljt'fitv |uih-ilW« bt^jtirJt'ttk. -<nai* ivjirviw* 

(ntili»^ ttlwn»ti* oewavU iiMtiUti* obtuit! tofi*rmntni* ™'hkm 

n1nu iii^^iitribu* hud Uiitnn n*ikj(lk labcJIi Inhb 1*li*mlibai 

■ifboj n-n! ■ it. *ti* ](tU*rmMii* uUnfttti »tjbrv'(uiKV»ui«laUl<i, 

criMA tailed ifttocc4'i trunrftl'i |«nlki- UtnHUi rrrcul'i lrafc**rr»i 

bicomip cdnniyr' pbbc*CfUiH aH« HivtirilHii iiMinU ^wrreii*. 

/foWtT— — I'frvrr* in A mall *l»« jojiuK rrlkm atjJ licv«it, 
l>ii# » WfV n«r <X p*ibcx bul i*fcl»U tJu» h*in jtp-i*>r» <4 lb** 
niithtr.Amlho* the iiTcral x*j*lt n!cv»I M^nntivl bi i}*r bft*& 

e«. ajw*n(l-^lW^ DOC lUfrl. 1007. B^MlfpL^ 
l-iJivHis f*»lii* Uttcrt»li(ti *(ibc<»*tjlis i(int.ml\ ■impiici nmliillnrj 

tulvrcnivL'i, M^i^lMfilwMiat* vUwlniiiua £wM*: Mrt^ikw bidvn- 
im*\ hht\h |«(Hhra£'> ruiicn!« Minrnpi*< bic^nueH. rriai (bi^Wi : 

pnMnDTC <Vp<V4M trwmrr^BB n>p».i AntWbtco«ni : A»rt**riof»* 
orriUl \ (entice obw^rtt* ^-ck-dtjtfi drnt« nt^&> «nbnviobmti*rfV 
funnmlo: tJjoliinMri ro" fllicuhrto uln* ¥\»r ^ rr^ioorcri<tn> itiU>, 
rvirii »li*|*f**Vn^J, rrtfuniKT pnbr*c«o<ifl fttit linrsinh'it tnnc^tit 
AnlhfTp'i f4i>wrntf amic£ awhmhIViIm^ diubm AtcnuV^ntihut >il» 
low ftUrti*— — -/J^*jJ/— — I'be llovm Afr vmrllmpt ^EVvnitb. 
And nwrtiinpt bvighl yvlbv, niflrr nr Ifw bAwtnl *Tth »wl brom t 
Ii artun to tAtm fart+f*, trifrntntflinjr (be t*blr-Uml twnf llnin 
Jihu* uV Buuiul* t\*rwrnt*$ to ibo nfcvib vf Maj* 

^ *! Jlict&prtnlj : prtAtit v|«bt Ui«mnpu* «nbvuu4lifca« H 
tin^libttt 



if-i- 



i *|kpnf *■ willi 



lUibl^ *i«4ti# ohmIkuUIi^ f"*^» JtfiaroL; iwk rrrrtA miAHUKW 
SSr^ro^T«U Mu»i* l^lto <crf ^uAmUA 

i— lVub Mr.dinxhi^. ikv. .w©,*tp«ic*«ibi»«chtJ*bobtt 
fl f O, fi>™u m . TK. tm .i^l pH* "PP« » ^ l« > vlluv « 

Alt. <^fttit arolU ilnuif- — -MJP5 

i*twl*nntj!c,bMi«>«wl«n^l*'» 



. .!.. Willi. ■ 



obo™ 
Wnc<lJ*, 



3% OP <U to*c Hit- ^ rinji^S IHH ^.-™ ^ ™™ 



iWt.i^V-bail^p^MMl 



lk«. Mi 
1- p. 1D7.1 f p*«k4-»Iliit o|*t«iKi* dti4»ia 



«, a AjfMin (^ln 



>!.^.l, l|9l. lbM.C.»Kb l-i". 
Ifntibuf iilAhiv m C , J|" *im^5**j n*iTttxi rvci'iiwivi loxo ihuIdIhAn 



^l '!uUiL%UboIli IvbU IMonutra^i 



- uh(u*i- nxur\t* totrmit<ln> 



l.nvil ■■ *-l -i' : il|I.'- HTI^Ini r Li i in ImEiJmp (vjn il\ < -l-T l 

«dmIa> i»|pffni[4d olkvA irtri»|oc Iwrnnilli ItitrAnbut fftilrdUlrttt 
lnnnttA, oJuwhmp Ali" MhiwUiW.-- — JAwf^l-'iifro*— Kmviiik 
Kin|Jr» iviitlttkuv Urnvr* vrrj lu^xs wilh « bright jrlkm U^ 

Sft (Xnf^fiinr(L |v 1W*)J p-cu-WwIbit t^[i^flis Wiit 
UiMToUti* nnM^ *™> «»»lJW crrcto |*acirtoro (3-10)* Attili* 
hunJibcu rrd'n -*tft»cimii*tii p*oli«iur obke^u *r ux\* uiHluUtis 
LiTx^lti lobU hit^fjJibu* millji inbrnnrdio *ubft<i«Mi> wbvxkiba, 

critta trfcubcmibti TOm|m>fi ? cobmiur sib rotuvduit cwwwi. 

Quito. 5«fO MWt Ha*** 1 * tbr «W <J CX bifobum, 

iHirtJ^. (.nr... col; on the *r* »h!-* of Uw rklj^ of A-Mwr, 
^(iltfuUyftllUbcigMcf ||,m»to U t MMlfoi. 

3#, O- rip*ri*»w (I- p. 10'i)t Wiu tit>mri*Uhcrolaii> Aculn 
nWis team nrnplfn crtt«io fcxut**'* nuvnv>w dflW i"i*Hilk«^v 
Mrikitu lii!cnpUbii> ba*i MAiuiS* AiArifAti* prtATi«|t)fi btM*ribttt 
UiktoUiii utuhiUii* nvunit Aftiis libfll Wm Utcmtilu*. <*im>- 
IrtU ilrnTbrnlAti* Krmi«f&ttjiU» inifruinlio tuboriujod^rrnifuniii 
piano kuhbibbts <ii4a medio tuitfnUl*k bA>i r( spire hintmi, 
njunma* ftli* j*m» irtmuUliifc-**— tViywy. Ke^cmWc* *X 

InfuttttiB. ifcfirftoff in »^ «™^* *pr\*lJt>'p <* A^urrt^ i*t^K to 

ihi* knor irin^t (win; uinlod ca^v *i the !»*•'» ii* Jlw femn tt lb* 
mlwri'lr* of ito <rrtt* Jt*i to tn-> Aftv?n bftog man? <hxlj 
Armnnixi 

I»l <X rtrtiVfcfrAi (lindL Sntuw. *ub t. *2\*): |^nd.>m!'-. 

f^Ti«m)(> «m|«pftni™litoftn|™Uic*bnirtPip-*qiumir^^^^ 

mibn* «ntkipiH-rt oMimvit *cuiis •* Wv *upmno oblur^> inA<- 
noribiH pntMW cc*«nlit ppt*li«pir c»i nfib** c*fiwii» |ibn>s bb<-ll" 
<ordit» |€i*nbirii«ui imnwjitm) (u»(i> (mniTpno A|Tpoixli«* 

Unrv^it« «utaiu4t*. iubcr«ur> Uk<i* <«w »uUridrttlAin» c«hmi* 

itA.jiMiAW»utkiilUlWm^i-m ftM«lli(-». 

-^-Pcli,. RtHi -rr- ApjuTPi.lli ptiqtl^ *iib mail »(*«», 

51. O. ^nVn« {J_|k"^0* 0*11. itot (* jH.h iwibbulW* 

ubtouub <omc«OAu HpxtotthyLlit. t Jii» lii»rtri<*A™i» con*™ 
nbfu.ti cmnpM^ *i-j*» rtrvu»n*> (unrfuLil^ tr]tilu l&nnw.Uiu 

umLuliuiftciit^: *!wtbu* toWpiribtt* l«*i c*kiii*iI* <!iirnp*»iibu*- 

ixttXx* cnnformihtit QbttMJi ) bbrllw tr*wroo wpili. brptiorc: 
|obU UlrmliWi i>b«-iAt^ luttfUkedw mini»>l^o , to;diif« huhftt^ 

Us. it4uwlAlAv iiWi«l. *\inaitftlU I*** fmmi <*r ffiftlrics 

Atllwifi formvrit cuhiiAirdby Sr W, tLxiUf. Scpd. aim! prt*l» 

acv bnnni jt«1 4k4i«L Up yrlfcnr viih a iufppiinr-*iK4UHl dbL 

$OfM *kn*lor, Iwa (Wl hifih. 

3i CXiV^r 
bitlbi* 0P»lttnii comp*n*i> ibpliillis Mil* nii^ii<liH fminJiruLo,. 
(^nli iCAj*> »r*c* pftTUniiUQ flrMJuto 4|djicIiV|iIu biTtixibAtK 

■.i^n. .i..i ■ iimn i ■■■ fiwi U>h*( nTHw Mnk ■ ■ iL,|i * dhufc b- 

tis m4Ali> obovmft rrArtis bbctli Iwiniif krmlibu* bnnibw 

mrafii nblftf it*' *' 11 '*" lr*inirr*V AnpibJii bilutw, crirfii (a* 

bcrrillOAii wluiiii'-i* tSk I ^u1m<oiu&bu« itfindili** — HttiH, 

A v*rj htiufl t|*xM-s i^rtiAbliiijr O. fam It iiiliAbiU 

oVvAtcd opFB pUfv* *m tbo Scrn it* <innn Miyl. 

6a <>. t**fi*f*** < IJ * tL if| Bot l! ^ ,ft ^ "^ Mt ' 1 



i fn i ( high 

(liucIL hi Ibl. tUg*Mb 1. IpdUj: p<"»- 












jivthliilMiTiKi . . .. vnt-i *iiiili[ki ^UuretCeftU' apice buluute, wlmIi* 
ntatit armniuAli. ofiituUlU Mfrrpi'ihti* Knnfconflltk, [*-*nlit dun> 
ribut ottliJiii^* imdutaltt acinis tibcUi Iob» lateralibut luiun recur- 
VU i r»T4*mraio nngu'iniliitn ,m1t« - htlobo uih*n£ulua rrnijoroti; iU<o 

ma\imo di^itato confrawto, column** alit roinndntii dcntiraUtit. 

■ Ifr-r 'ft^ — — * Hif ifearri are *yf tin* Mine cofour eu O. »tm- 

tfln -iifi, for which the *p»rie* might be nibul«i umo n cAtual 
I'Minhuitkft ; ih* eoJooj it n verv iJclkAle *tniw. family utnttcd 

wkhjufepuqib. 

aO^if™ (UmlL $ert«m,»nbf : *2M; p*»dobulbU . . . 
Mii* linearidancnilitit neuinmalh otautu, *oapo mitteulrto molt 
rlrxuau*. brwctei* nu^ma mnnbeunaeeii tuuh*-t't>. h-ja!:* Lucd- 
litiTift H'mxxHmilittvulftnpo^ajU Kalis Ubrllo ci>n;U!i> euneato 
rutufitUuo u^ukuUio: marline unpii* ulnxpe birfcntato »etuut 
f|iiiui|L|^ intrrJKttt, tklth eoliuniuv actiuiet&frtmbui Ucvri*,-- — 
/Vr* t — ■ — Flown apfiarefilly wilh it jcllnw lip aik| ^wi> tojial* 
and jKtals Inhibits tbo lofty tiiountuj n* of AndimircrtfL 

S5. a /*./*,«; (JkrWin HuOfo*l4lC.iiM*J1. Drtvtnu 

Orck Mei-t* 21.); pwwJobulbi* m^it owm*rrt-i* iilnhjlliv )fc*tii* 
erecii* (iifiACVUi obkmo etv*i£*rmibm tubuiwubili. agece rvcuni* 
rv*m<> i^ucilloeo crveto ri^ifobreiioobHs "*j*di* pvl.dtwme ub- 
Larypt tjjbi^jimliriui umluliii* infrnit bui cunuilis lahella oln- 

tmrMttQMl MgtttatodU-i (iibtTcuto anice <lc|»rew> dtlatata 

bilo!» u!fitv|itt< it* medio uniletitAtci Umel1;njMe un*cii rHr^fr.irii* 
•wtn, colom»r a!U rirrliali*. ■ — Mfr'ft* Howcn uutilar in 

*i*e, colour, and tpottini*: to ino*o of 0. pAjnlio^ but in their 

fomi anil* di&rcDt. mil ocoduevd ura» n *tiff eiect tjiike. 
It it dJnonft ihe fme*t «f the f*nu«t with rich orange and brown 

spotted llowvn, fail thrve inrlio* i« diameter. 
36. O- anirnnnM ll-i-*H- »» t-^*- H*H* **>" *■ I WO,) : ]»cu<!o- 

biilbi li .11* fi-ft^w^s W«* l*W*Jwi ACJills vwiw Krirti> 

mkc uki*» jiiiltv thuoralaiov wpcili* ovafibui acntii rvflv\it Ltrfnti- 

b«4 Ixui ^<jii^Tis in-litU* i»u!"j«^ri* obluttt* Ltallo nuximo \wi 
ItAv+cvtttf obtolftc o^iwlril»*ci roiu^inui : \*c \rat% Ulrraltlxa* tni- 
tnmU imriniln'fnnHibu". rritli oblootf i lubfYtulii (iluribui <*i^i- 

Ijfomiibai contiamo, column*? alii fxlr.tltt kttl^vmtiik 

Itri*:\t.—> — A IW tppfin in lb* way of <>♦ bi^ Miunv. but mi^b nn 
rrwl ftltjthtlv branrbcrl nuvmn. It bi* (WiTi^l *ith Mr. JUii^r 

H' 1 Tim !; * I'll. 

*}?. O* ivjfi^ivu (l^iulb tit EtoL lt<*£* *i»l> I* If^t).); pvtxto- 

bulbu olAmpi «ubtctrnr^nii tlipliirlUs WiU rijziiti* ijntliuUlo- 

K"<\^il;iii. k"*ih* frJ^iii pynnuidjui tuthimiiliritvr mortnowj i^r 
hwiwriltttt, rToriba* Jilft w aa w M, jvtilU vr«li^u« qoocum luo* 
Tiili* «i>mirAn(iMA nc«li» rrflc^i*, Inbollo tnivimo tubrotonrlo ob- 
koXc auMlnkibo : k*bu bitcmltbui rutu^Ults critt^i novlM In* 

<l(*nuti fomientV nntwc <unfal4 rnriribu* wmrum \u iiaKiri* 
•rooJluonObut fiftumiiixA. ntU co^umna* rotuivU'J^ <Iiii»iiruUiit. 

|iound rMi itu^ *i\v ll«vr» ApfVAr lo b* wbJr coToumrb 

JW, a jfcnaM (Sm* tn Hot* M* l sm I- r> lw -)i 
iwfuiiobalU* oinUbu* mnwwi) ^obiQi** folii* okkifipv-Unora- 

UlJS »*raij(% mntrubt min»4iiiA tniiltiflora : nnW *<c™flenti- 

b«», «fol« odlon^it obtutUi ppldltt ob^inlti umlulnus tibclli Li- 

nn\x tsmiji Inir-ovrsi n^umbitii huboiurilnE<^i la*i tniiK^li Litc- 



ralibui aaririilivfonnilHi** crwi |iottici* |niliiriMd 



juitir^ in ]*£** 
UcorOt iliilu ulrirr^ii«* lub«*rnilnl^ cvluinn^ nil* rotunditll. 

i$r#:%K llowprt In * Uryv funioK brl^hl jollow. with 

tmkll i[ioi*, 

n?. 0.(w«wr^(U»^Bo*.Hcfrinte.m K.&W.tlor.db. 
iRlft O. iho*^*t^*. Hooker m l!ot. Mitf.i. :HM.)^i*utl>- 

bulbinn ulilni-i c-nHj»r*-*»i* liiitlinlUs fclii* obV>tip<>*TinMribiii n-- 

currit, racvmooninpMtonunii Jn *ticj.tt* tvrtiiw«ilu» >cpilttUic* 

rJiliii* in unum cenntvum pinnf^irattnn rvniutts |*ct-iii» uliututiti 
uwlukii*. LIm'IU Will Utrnltbiti iuim» tnlvrmnlinqu^ oinar^tULto 
rotMmLtif, divo bati Irmmvnv clovAto nnllc-f owwu n>ocodm(e 

coiimnvo ^uKulriiio urui»\ ilii colonin* an^uiti* 6btoMfc-~^ 

BnziL A |mv((j KuU «u™-, with a ronitomvl timpgliiiK 

miviiw of fnwli palo n*!!oTr Hovvr*. ITjn «n£uUr bonk oo ll* 

li[i. in v.b»fb it owvt it* num\ duliiif^uuhM it from ill tfatfin 
• Mwvj*trtt. ; |*tntti wjnli* lmoralibui ov*cloi*l4*r tnnjorilws 

tttl ](jopori1>u* T 

\)at> C'nk L ItlHS.) : jiwdobullMi MbfOtuiufii conipxwu ni^»i» 
m<™»nhyllisfo1ii»oUon^i«>rin^ 

onmo dobifi niiciiftti urtiruUfo n|>»W |4iwifk.n\ ropnlo Hj|irrmo 
|vutivw Ko™riW lonpivimit li*« attfUlWl^ M^pfctU InuruUluii 
rvfobitu ttnrbititi* IaIh<1Eo tconoribw. labclli Iftcitiin iol^nonb.! 

obkmgTt muirvinaiA mbrotiimtt rri^u b**i \Mr mi^uonij Lit*- 

rJi1«n rMuotUtii, rnuir rUnflulit formnm mnA'cuhuilii rv^rTtfu- 

tirms co^miup aft wrnuU. ^hW. 11* KwUno^t oT 

ibi* ^fnUA 

II (Xmvf/rn (| M j\. *20rt| ; follk linrnribui c*wn|J-fiit** £»!* 

r:Ti*. *™o limj^Ki. ra^tim ccniuti *PCWtub« wiuHiftV>ris MiGt 

omoibwi btK-rit* Wj^Ho bttoto tmi»vrrv>: kiW* Ui^mlibui ■ tiivn- 

ribtw ftpicf* tiaMiUtAlim ™lt^ l«uooi obfc*i£o corblo*t<> uilin| aj*- 

i^-i,-!tu1ii lulvn'titifonni in«tnicto\ nli* (wumftt - inUirtfrnmt*. 

-ft«*M iF«rf (WmwAfa Howvn »p|iervnl]y ufcoic co- 

lonnnL 

4^. O.mnfi«fii*|Up.'J0 l J* Uot- »<*.<♦ 1 lOT.) ; j-«l<lob«lbb 
nibfoiimdi* anfioitibti< nipHi« ui*riiUtit dijihylUs UfttU oblong 



oimKvu |jj*ii-.i« lubuinbtbtit itnpo rankubto-brviimbus h-mIh 
«Hnubai libcHv UMU Ulob> uiorM(ut>*b> tntiHti-rwt Incinut 
htcnljbtM bn*vt»inus cnlki U-w -Vl^».: lotn* Ulembbut jn> 

(milium it |ilimt tmnmlit lOtrniinliU Icn^lilrtit milmli coin* 
prc*3o» nli' colnmn*r citiicftli* iWotatit n*llrtis tp^wlobtilbit »ul>- 

rotum&t comprtttU Wii» pUnU (^^ot^^laDcwluk «•»*> nvcto 

*i«itv r«tii*>H>*^- — I'ijvtuvii j j »i/ fjgofr<wfl/if. ■ --A noble *i«cirs 
c4 vbkh ibero nro two v*rif*io». ono mucb Ur^r tbati ibo <xl>cr. 
Acconlin^ to Mr. thinner it *J from C<ott Kicn, on tbr m\ >burr 
kd ibr fiulf of Nioiy*; and aho f^iori throujr^ut tbo raut* of 

Nir.irn-ijn, AfiiHti ifn- rVuiniU, I j Ioapio4 froin Ciuitoaiala* 
diirut* t*0° W tvS*s ftxvrii^ m February. 

J& 0> ^^Jtvjfiiiv (l.iiLill. in S**JUVl Alb t-2i. JtoL Rev. 1KU>. 
inucJAa};|^u^1obtu1iU. : ..:foliU<Mm>;ii-b^^ 
lhXiiKuUtOt broctcti hqMainifnnoibui inombrniuuvlA nrutls wt»ali» 

■Comlibui oboviii» |ibrri» >u]K\nno cotm^o- aralo* t^ulii nxni* 

brarocolt otilot^t Ui>i aiiKU^Aljs UWIto tvwli jivirluniUi apico 
roluoiLt<i •mur^inAto wllnrftinni Kui cordito cnrnvxii funiiratim 
c^f*v*4o cri*t*i tuU»n*iitftt*. columnar nlit otiloiivt* mi^twiitif.*— 

/V#. — 'Ilib Iim jrllo* Homers >[*«n1 wilh brown, ainl it 
•nut!) Lnovn bj tl»* taw* of tbo Ubollntu bcin^-vcr\ comet, n 
little hollowed «ii in front, *ixl oxcnvxtixl with a drop Hi on thr 
untlcr «d>. 

■U. 0*«frawInnmi {UimTL Ik*. IE«|f> iN'Kmir.^L No.t. 
I L| ; obullw, fotii* rru^ih niniiW* uvAtolAiiixxliiii ncutti 4|or*o 
rotunrLitii w»po ittniculnto rigxli envto brritfwiltu^ kcnnli* nib* 

ftWfcb iir^uiculnti* nnaiVB Itltorit intcprrtmk |irtnlt* Huiilii 

nvi/in1)ii« oW>^xip obi uti* ^murvJTjii, ni.irpwrrii|tiv UMIi lobU 
Utt*ralibti* oblonirfi cnrnteii aniltt mnivtFv rcvohrtU \xt*\ columns 
pnnimi iioiiuri^ri* inti'nnotljo tvni^*Rn! iuu>o orauyiiuto hwi* 
pnrihu*. tottcrriiltt *li»fi 4 By-minali*, cohminu k ill* (unvu linra* 
ribtt* obtu it > rlcm^Al u ^onuflf*\i i decuni^ — — Mtjitv*— — |f«tT« 

thnvt. finby. «iiH HutM-r* in a *lciu* |moiclo, pato itraw-colMr, 
with a frw tUrk <loU on tbo lip* 

r . *i MUr&prftsin ; |k4a!U m^jhIi* latcralibut tubcttiaaltlnii ct 

dinilibui. 



IaU'Muih UiiRUicnUlaiu : *. /, ■flibtntejrnmt ba^i angurtatum 
rt*i ■ ■ ■ ■.-; 1 4.^ - ijwo cW*t ; nunc kdicp trilotwnn* 

4& O. /»ir/mw <IimlL in ICoc, Ui«m. l»): p*uiW.ulb» 
oUongia conimatb I -^-j Jiylli^ fotiUanw^u^ieobbx^ii nUnli obui* 

tit wupa bn-uniibu^ h'j]»m^ *.n t Kf*1tl (>cUbw|tio tKtlhulatit 

niu«». UMIo Hibo*wi|t« bnABo rati plojoi Lcinii. Uicnlibt» 

mminm intlc\i». crinti tiiwari aptco dritr\Wt ntrinfiwo IndcntAla 

•Wibm gUnitiiliayrt*, ■!!< columns cutn^tit intogru. olinandrio 

p>tMV dentata. fVMcrrtrrj, Ajirrtty little ipnrw*, with a 

whilo crcMvnt-tlunod \i\\ blotchod arhli dull oran^sand white 

4e[*lt bbitcbNt wilh d«*p OfUgA 

46- 0^foci/c(lin*ILI« ltrf.RcK.inbt- 1W>.) i |i«tt4mlbti 

otwttt comntwU dij*byllis foltk UncooUtU ncaib toviibiii, henno 
gtncili ahcp rwpemoto il-G^lurv, vtaU« liuown-Uneco&iliit pculit 
cauli\ UtMbu*, Librllo ruueato ctnarpn.ito Ku autkuImo lanu't- 
lit duabut lincaribut cnttato. columiuv all* oWud^ iTtljori*- — ■ 

Mmii<—*il» *cane oT ihtt tjtrcic* i* about a *»t high, with 

from thnv to *i» rather tmall flowem at tbo end TT»o ieave* are 

not inoro than two inchew lonjf. and Ihe it^eudobtin^ ^boitt iwie- 

tKxnl that length. r llw li[i t. trfhw, ihe n*iiulndcr *<f the ftowvi 
n^Vltib KnvATi nod peen. lit rutire |»birv it the dry fcrrugttHrut 

rockioC X'ill.i Kicn* 

"bulb* fcubp loboM*, 

imiilii-il^ii tubnni- 



47. 0.yoow^/mwf(ILlLK. Ui>2*>? : J: 

fotiit obloti^it bretwrni-' mucnnati>. *ca|Ht 

ttohs fi^kJii e.dteii tubmuAltbii* cretadal 



rrnifnnni afwet* etnarpooto-bilobo* fQtutemio &pice aU CPP 
cincto?"— — /'jyww*.— FWavr* red, apttted. 

nitb>in;ill Lten^l k*bc« t 



>L-A»T- rsA. >;-.:n.V liiiTCrvlarpN 



4K O. (>«»/■».( I* h!!r>3. R4.Kvis.i.rai. Bot.**ki;:W.J: 
Ittwlobultil* nnl)i% t>bUrif*ii*orAHb«*otili*iuii, pantcuU croctu 

iMrtuMoik fnlioniin |i>(^tncltEh\K k nolkivijlikOLie^totLLtiiinnir\ts 

UMU tubrotuvtdu trilubo; lobU *wii* obluti* internaefc pwa1» 

tnlnore* <li»m enllit duobut lot^ilmlirtiliba* rinobm loUirom 

opooiitit orntato, nfii columno; ir.i^ rrimis caxnIknU (n^itUta. 

■ -/iftrii/. — ^Howee* Uw iinalle*! iti tbo geou*, jvllw. in a 

cJo*o erect braiKbin^ jkiniclr. 

49- O. Kmtbukii (IJmll. ^ertum, Mib L 'i*. {^rHxAiUm 

KmnnxMt Wot* l(<v. nb L 199^h *cmk» mnicoL^i, *e|ta.U 

r*Liiiw|iio oblon^o-LnveciUti*' *|wciiliti<, Ubelto obotato np*to 

i^rnuato venw evntrnlittut incnniTitiha. UmelitiU, niarKine cow 

luniixr h<mli\ caurlxuU oUrtntd.- T t/cjc"fo. A noble 

tperiea, Howrn ?*| inclie* in tliaincter. SrpaU and orlaU 

Itl"i. hi*! with brown, upw a yi -How f-ruufji!. 

W. 0.«;r/eeAi7 H »(JUtcnunin Uot Reg. I$t0. rnirf. IWX); 

iweudoliuUiii lrntiruUriltui brciibm intex^ibyillv ft.lio en«ilWni 
caHuaIo r-.im(*r«itno aeuto nuiitn mtiihi* cnxlu* venu* nivem 

panirulAtnt cjiublranlo brr.ions *m\U liU*ri. Uleralibut losgiut 
uu£uicuU(it nculihjuc oUoujo* tiitwinduUlit retu*it. UMIo h»Ih 

nitnridn oxtiito inilmUto irudi* dutJ*» lw*. h vioft', rri»lJ #obn>* 
lumLt.VcTetutAdeEiteiaAcni^UiLibetb |rwro>ti brei ioco, coluinnar 

luimvali. oblique truncatk Gmttamdo*"' "A most dntinci 

xw\ ntrjjLil Je t|»ecirw; llie «oaIlne» of fcU lit*, whir)) it i>o| )txlf 
to loro? u the lateral icjuH Iwiojt * lingular fcAture- 'tn* 
lea\yw are al>out eie>(J incbe* lotu;; the flower* the cottar of 



»?.a. 



CTO UMt™ pa ranun; I ,. m^o ron^um fari 

«£ |»Md«t» ...nfai I™, .epafc Bf^WwrtSS ph^mSI 

;' ' i'"- ■ r| "'''' ■'■ ' l'i-1- I-K-..1-, !,,-,!,[_ ,.., 
5™, ™" J«*fii W lw Iraneteno it*n* muhlita, crUi 7-H- 
luWr^Utn. aJnw *i ;t ,****» ^ ;. , |( , M|Um , . 

— / ™*.._, ndldlftn fn* a fthmiiavt,. in .t.nUv ™>- 
pd trawl*, larger flowers obtctrCr iiiihrr-wW,, rtmnsdh 
«i the HUKtl lc« rpotoft] uWra, ^ 

«, <K*hI*£m*m (Swart* L ik SOU. Ik*. Reg L I AM.); 

wo^jHil^i «rf*ounid» e©»pre™ ancjprtibw.. <oha< cn«f«*r«ii- 
tm mA *cut» *a|» il^mt muhi breiiorib«K r*oew» -ub- 
™l™ ™ <*'*««<» **« p^s wpilii |.culi-p. litrfJi buiii. 
ttna IinertrvfaijeMfoi,. m*l»Uii H ldholbaw* rliUtaro hiU*. »f- 
rt» emuirKto lnn *Hh™Ul-\ cnMi iHnvrtfubrrcvAit* ol-nrc**4 t 

ooJitm-gr alii lUunduii «bbcviutli uudiuwUs lifer iVfra, 

- |1mn»x»tmvjnieUinMiaftw(1e««> lip bright *rllr*. 
V'|*l* ami ptfeh brown and jellow, 

* O, /liirm'lI-ivtiOO, ao-kuiifem, fro. lta& L Itttl.l; 
FWINMuluU mmfpi romj»rv**it Iriitrr oivipjtibu*, fu)u» la!o-W 

I™*** tepih- pHMHSW Ubclli IfHiiplmuw linturi-UnrvoUti* nn- 
duUtis Litall't oftee diliuto rttorjonito modta roopirkto Nut 
auricuUns cri*i tanmitulvrruUti deprevi, rtJonmn* alai rfa»- 
£*ln tnmriiii utrinqu* ocutk /'whi it**/ CoWflMf e/ 

lure uf the rV»*vrs hui very ditK*ranl in is manner ^fitnili, 

ami **U ditfitgiuthrd by iu tninratod e«imnn«winfls 

A I. O* j/iAuiW-T/m ; pmtabulbift <bia|aifi ninth Anciitttibnt 
ft Utrre | Jauiuieuli*, foliit Lxyi* *i»tfuniiiUn ipiro rivuniv kmjo 
ktlSeto rwnn entnpmibi nullilwftv wpalii i*-taii«nio LntuH- 

htt«0 bUk ■■'"!■■ VI. bkbdlo V«jDibWi lib kk T.-l' nttnrlu 

bin mnruloto aphv dila!*ilv i\4uiviU'i bilnbc^ crirti A^rr-i jx*- 
W«vii!P a IaUti- tWtdnt.1 apcr triloboi (vtuaiiur alb dim^MU 

traaadi <n»ii ifa«nlitk Mnkv an*/ ft«/r«uru. — -<)f 

thi» thro MV two larirtirt; p, mj**j. with uttallcr Il<i«ri> mKl t>* 
Miit^ift'nytKv ronpumxl only al tbo lidu**; aih! *i. vnrjnt. witli 
blfghbFr }rll» llrtrfs aial llic* iafVm>^*nr<f oxnprtnd ju tir 

■wwii to i»ry In Ibc f»rm of iht 11^ bob* U the tpnuBrm 

ln'i(tK ilnuM rvni1i pitwiHrifonn, 

W. art/rhuH <Ui*ILLn \U, Htf. u I7«)( pntoulbh 

oniD^MOQfll njCBfmaB> fotii* 4-ii^frirtnifm rvnii» K-j[it wtiptid 

asiduUtis labcwk ConklO utrinqu^ ioirunuiu aivumo aftr* ifiLi* 
uto tubrvoi^inm. critti >^tuU'r<uliLa ui1>sn 4 iit^ ftBl mituniu 

bwhl jtllim, wfah l»mt tntrt*« i/^rrvtuth ItLx^brt mi tho vjaIi 
Antl p*(nU 

ra. O l <Myaai<liudL i» BocR«^ldl^ mfce. l&); j^mU 
lni!l)» Hbn4utvti« iiPtn|tft'*>i-, fulii* mHifonnAVal >*ricti» curit*iis 

Ciruli loogiuinu amiltinora, bnutri* inrinltfAiu^nt aculW (ana* 
Ihti*. ^(ali* prtilthquo lAiirv^Utu u-uiiiiiutit ubDHdakat* 

(<ilii«A*ii IvlAKnur^inaii*)* Ub^U^ (luiml miifornii raurgLtdto 

1«m Aurinihtw {<\\**> i^UAtw). rotj pAWwvnCc mlM^<i*mtti* 
ItorrobtA t(ibrmtl«rk^plisoJum(ur 'ulii ^Hw^tmU* Mr,. . .< 
artitM.' Gminmaliii— *A [nant with vt^'ulnr Ls^ *m»c*l» 

»)djnl envt kavn, anil a pankic lil* th*t of (X *Jti^imum. 
T lb» nu«r«*rk *rv j^lkiw in llrf Uji- aih) *o iIip bonier of lbt» <rp* 
m#0Up but oliio-biwn in tbe lutiilc of thr lip atk! tho £w *J 

..:. 0*ry«W«M ^!."-lf. in Itoc r<>\ Mibt, ID^i,)* pvwlo- 

bulbik ovat^ Milottb inonuiJiylli^ f*Jii* *iif h«(C LiorwUtl* arutis 
nfaorim* butKwn|riK4u kmp* multillof ii* woali* iirUluouo [itmtri- 
UnoroUti* m^hilttik octtfk r*^*i» Ub<41o ir^iultbiu. Utfftb nvil- 
fontli liiil aiifii bnniLk Litrrnlibui muiuiUtU \\\ Intfrtn^tu 
AEj^int^bu«.rHftii ilfjir^^i •i^' , i r . , iii|Mi' lixiifm k^it^f jmiU*- 
afM*V n^www "S* n*gn» fakati* <lpnUti^— — *lfr jiofr 
A U'-wii'ti) ►jK*-»r< rrlAtrtl to O. ahU^imim^ U itttt«tit>^*Ht«h(«| 
from O. |xUn»»n by lu tnulWf rto»rr> Iwiitif* tho Tip t*> \vofirr 
i^aii tho vpds niid bv lb* Ltfrtl lobo* of the lip bring About 
*i broad a* tin* 111'uMlr Ww. 

i^ 0*fwiiAu«« < Manias Bol.tU^lftt0.ihla&3I6v);pi(v> 

ilobuhiit irtnii* •u!*^tt" TiK>uoji)i>Ilbt foliit oivutt^ hACooEolii ■Po- 
lo, rorpinit whfotni»>iU' mufti(Vii*» uiuli* |n4a1i«4|tip linoiri- 
lancvobitu undahtii v*uti* rrlV-tn UU-IV» inufiu br^nnrilHi^ 
hbdlo Aroifuniii oinanpt*Ai«: Ucmit* Uteraliban n4»iuiil» iaicr- 
ntfdU mnltM AJijri*tiofi!»is <ri-ti ^Uhra loji MH'ii luof q*»n- 

iitwdiriitat* Atioo b&artaiA. cobamim* ilk mitfiit* obi^^i* tWrti* 

rulatU ntkr artiti'- JfaiW. Vrn *!^*dy akin to O- ns 

iVxmm. Un »hfrli it «!i*f» |mnci|«llv in iho t^ojt an*l poialt 
Uiw lr~ bkttttrft, in ibf lAtcral lobn ol ibo Up lirity; .n-Uor 

■ . |hh..f!- • ttb.-i-,i.Tii..*iu.v»v rt»>nd "». r MwlMd 

t*K* cn^t. which U kOwouK not riownv, \xh\fi niher ditTcivufly 
nnu^L 'Jlio hiw Iia* rlonMlo* boVn Ri*«i »w A«u>nni to iIm* 

oAimo, wbVh It n»t untile a pclkmo ^whiro: hor btvM 

AS». O, HfAw/^n«i (LtivIL in Uot* 1^ lML " ll ""' WW* 

wudolHilU* ovatibtK oowitKttbu* iwlmlM* di^jIB* utriiK|uo 3- 

coiWf^ folii* own**!* rhartAfoU tnnicula AtiffU^tA bnr*if «(■»%. 
•otalit Wtmi |ioUluqno UncooUli* uoJuUti* jnt^rtibas Ubrfto 

mlt^ hroiofibos nbolli JobU Utcimnmt nam 



■ III. 



n^rdk. iunr^umt, biV^o, tnbrrcnlo mlnto Uidrnta^i »itrti*que 

; iMr '^ ™«" tr twogai* .:. acbaril ,!. ,.i., datk, 

^— <»a»ymrtAf, A *|**>-* witlt tho aiit^anmro of ft re- 

0<™«, but roadilv Liw<fi hv it. rww.tod pwuuwbulJ* 'Ow 

Huiicr* an- lan^ ralh.*f nolo )fU^w, witli Giz4 »p^ ^ biwi al 
too baio of tho I,ji. and -«. Uw *pi!t and iwtaU 

fiO, a/aWMi(lJaT^L,p.dOL)] |iH*iHl»btt!bh aqbK4ijirtG. 
ilejox*™ oinnrK^ifr^rOtiba. ,J«Aj^ fnh» tinOftOllU tuitl^ 

awia, aM|-» trninwuM »plvi tbaMftn, WaaW notali^uo n«v 

hbut mUi «„ MVi, s UK-. M|IM1 „ lTilt . w rtiiawiSJi 

ffiw* ittlwmijit *ann dration]i«for> .V f xi«. |Tn« H ,, 

only Iftm tl^ .Wn j4w ^ U |^ ft |t :, wi( , (|) ^ UHi| 
ji^p^yjriif Mwlwiiiwi at anoniainobl of their una 
hp i> rfr-poritad a> jrtW.tho winnonli vf toe 

brown >p>tt«t 'Jl* km aro a m^ii k««. 

01. O. rrJiuvw ,lindl.U (Sot* U c ^ tub I. |fM>l wttiU 
i»K»i * . .. Wn.Tinmn-Ui«vJ*jh i ^*|» i^jrtilato i|»ari«t<s 
M™ tvi*hW <ulm^tt*bbu« ^pathtilan* rHau. mUuma, U- 
IviU a>oi> inni» itnuatml vttobn htemSbttf «uln nW ni,^ 
o lanxHi| .4 bnnjtei tnborruU « rWaSt*. nrwindamUitH ,,*- 

Nmn.y alit naximb nanaribnnibot daalalk I'm 

U^ifiil mdai with *iorp «br«iut ami vr^ov flowers *W\ M 
y«0w Up. ft* inndo iif ^rc^ih .. ibiiof 0. Baorri 

ftt O-rvAopraifEjnoX in It*L Hog* wb foL IftJO, O* Ii*te, 
■HTwoaiinv Kii* and Wnor. II <oK U* l«L L I97*>: ptoodo- 

bttltn* u%itt. holjph)!!!*. Utit entiftirmibw ncmii, KApoaoico rm- 

nw^ino pankuluo, M*|u!h anpiiti. acutii Hitnrmo or«to Ice- 

nwjio l4trnlibv uiiKuknlattf aa^wtionbas uotaJit oUWU »ib- 

umjulatis UUU> kuhn4nnoV> biki-> l>ui auwnJato, orirto? mlw-r- 
cntrt .W^fvnatit obau«s ciJuiiinn* alU *""Hit inlrrmimii- 

BmiV* 1W. bo* gay pde-jeW it™ r/m in a bniwhcd wnirV, 

Q|ui a ta(v (no fcrt In^K, and in iu iiatit* itato tho fftii^ 
erne* i» terj Unco. S^tral firi-or-li\e Xrralt of brown mtote 
fn*n t|ic ba» ul lt+ lii>«TruUtrtl rn-4, abcae cJoiationi anr dtt> 
|ioard iici i two tiers the n^rr «n.«iinv of fix* X>rt watt lUM 
and tho hmer oTlwo with a truentni f«ir-lttt>fd lobm-W U*tHee« 
thnn. I *Vt not ; w bow O- HaUHnanniantini dilTen to Ur at the 
a^nnp and dMcrifaion cnablr me 
Ibf B - i " * ■■ Ltitrs . i rial pUiA 



A 



(o jui%e, Nothiwj hwlof 



pAlumUu* mier* 



CA 0- //orrucw^in (Jindl. ]u S02. DOC Her, t, llfia. ft 
HEaW U<-H- in Bot. 11^. 16M0. nine. l<K)i |»»job»Itt* 
obconWM rotn^roHU inarpiults *.t» aeutj eaiioatH oh»*iI- 
■J*>*t}ji* ru^is «xi« ffrett [AiitrslifA, ^v (iJi* feuWut- olimRi* 
obtnut libeii^ bbcfli anneutt* nxmidain lobo intennraki ennrafo* 
obovato rtnaf|pmti^ anpit«Hiribus Avi bo»i pbnJakwl afwnihco 
A'^ortita: Unimt romutit ayliltt* pabeKentibu^ rulaamr 
oil* bri*i Miwi« oblinue truaentn. —UrttilL — —A im pfrltv 
|won& 'I he train ore tra-green Ele thow of MuilUria IloIlrJ. 
t«iiil ; the juror le i* aJnxot a fa* lone., and llw Aowon are in 

€L 0.rf*/«(UiKlL m Ifench* 1*1. Hanwee p, W.) ; |*«i- 

iMuIbu ovAlibut m|io& contprew di^llio, ^io«tuw«n<ob6)ngU 
fQlutti obttuis "cajio ^Hrto racemwo-janiciiUto, ramit bteralibut 
I^UC W orili *<|*il[* librru (iciali^iw oblonyn- rJapb, La1vlL>ob> 
vito bilobo bi*i amieuUio, eritta [vnUikdjlt dt^tli fiiformtbui 
a*™drntih<i* intertnedio tntegro Utcrutitw lajurliti* t eolumaw? 
■li> adnwri&cnvbut detrtienlatis ■ ■ fnm//ipc4f«— - Near 0. 
le^rmhiluin. like aikfi it ba» a white Gn ; the ncinrrvjut finm* 
lilejinvrvei c^tlut uyan rvitl \\ 4.-iin;.jL>h if. 

tij. O. ltw«t't?*m f lliEeman in rV< Etrw> tub I* I9£J. Orch t 
MwVtUl pwiji*>bvJtii< vialU Kihwlu, Mim enwfccuibuf nv 
tttftfo •oawanH jreioini**^', teofO hsuWinu fanieulato, Kjulii 
|wuIoqwr oblon/it nbtw tabirquAlicAii t4i«otS»i(tus kbello 
TeaihWmi altebiwbo ntrintjuo emarpnato ( iaruiiii laienfibut re- 
tmi» lint, eri<ji S-mrbr Uiti utnr«fw ilentatn. eotunur alb aei- 

lucift^ninb^i <lerhtAik< »J/rjio>— A noble »peeie*. villi the 

loUt and tUlure c/ CX [Uwn. rlowen grerwis baihlrvl with 
rrimwm ; lip |wiiv wliibs tban^iif to fellow. Mr. Skim«r mv% 
** it inhabit* eountrir*, |bp temperature cf *likb \% trX lev tlan 
W*of tnore lliATi 7u 5 . h * He Teroniwienrl> it to be aril watered 
fiun June to iq<rBlwrt*rj jJlenxoa; ami, from October to 
May itKiutiie* tu Ih'iG-U u^lillt waterx*J vtery v^euujr at uiw» 
tv^ts to rev T inMi* tin* iWi of ttt notite mmtrrf whiob anr itot 
mi h.-Att ■!■ i^tpli- n jiri- - ■ ifi< in in Kin^^— the repon lein^ 
b^dsaiHl lorydiflrrcnt to * roa* clnnale. « Jn IXreemW, |WKs 
tlie tikrmewter in (italenula, at *\x oVixi in the morniuUi 
in the Ojvn air t for three unj*, aienjced Ai* Tahr* arni jrt thu 
iprein eontinunl to ihoot it* )Oung *tem^" 

oo\ aAirW(1JHl!.iiilk«. Ite**. HMI- mbf. L?4,)i pieu- 
ilohnlbif o^nlibut coinpre-i* juruto atifulatii ihjinllis Mi. nn* 
^u»Ui erect*" monbntowtt inanifetcc petiolo tununie Dttifu* 
latt* racrtiii cemoi «m^JWi» jrthiRctito ternunii breiioribus 
X|nlii tihem |tetali*t|i>r lanrefutti* unflukttt jrojuifibn* |nien* 
tihus !aU*Ui ]M* Uicmlitv* [ttnu iubfwnlniti> intenncdio iranv* 

wrw atoee taieio *ix emar|ptu«s tnlmeuloobl3w**D Uui 2-tn*u* 

lato onre obuletc trifcbo antice, eieaiACo. roJwiniur alb breiibn* 
nitumtalts — — JfaieA.^— A fine tpervs with very Urp* tloaer* 
of a drur but itde jrlkm on ibr li\\ and rich tru»n ^>Lt<i| 
k*o.U aivl [i'MK *l no lip i* of u^uui] «ue. bricy more (Mn 
an mrh uwi a hnlfafru**. It it riuiPy LiKiwn by iu >l>on leavea 
IkAiinjf a itittiwt aitioiUikpis *i*b a >hi*ailiin^ |h'Uolr iumiIi 
an mch l«u> l^c nicenie it »ini|J(% <lroof**a^ *** Cne or »i* 
tTow^rs .vtiloito^vclKrafoalonfi. 



u7. O. ritami-(1LH.K. Ub2Q*U; "bulfcooi* 

foliii olf^^t^iMrobttixpcduncolo *imj J wi mutt itWu, foIiaTi* ealv- 

vU >4Tihh. r, lUxiv \t.)h ]ln tnr . ! ■.', jrtenardiu tubrenifonni 



eiimrgimia. pyuutteuuo b»i ali* rutuudttit ir»tructo ajaee cum! 

lata/ * — — /**>-» uu*« 1 .rave* thro* or four iwhc* tan*:. Saute 
Petal* obWtK-Kutr, IrborlOf tbm the h-inlK 



./'OlWtfl 

one to two feet tujh. 

Lip *crv larce. with tin* mUWlo lube ewnulatod* iMiy pink, 

ii-eh bnuwl, nnmihd it the bate, with n enn***] }*JW <re*l ; the 

Intrral kme* irf.lmuHv ovate, wnvy, dittiact, »(x>Ufd miih rod* fnxn 
four 10 fit o line* long. 

63. O. fswftnum (UiF.ll iu UoTt.lW«.VutB, n^r.^ 100. 

t. 7. Dot. Ilea. L 1087.); t bulb*\ feSil* dilofiKb acuti* pUm* a*j.b* 

■■rUri. nr . - : .. mmjm riiros-.v >•» i * --.nf- ■' ■< ■■ '■ n .;h!" f .*- y\\ = ult* 
cuufrrtiLVrit, H*nal» tv(ali«iuu coolVirnubut oblonm* n*S?ii-i* rar- 

ixfcii cuucaii* uurginc inxhiblii* laVlIi lolw medio diluam nib* 
runoato mtegcrri.no tei*i oaituCo: lobi* ttferobhtn M*m-mjti*. 

eri*tA triloba CMtKni jupv|iie clevato pcwliii* column*' nit* cai- 

very frw»ni, with gnroUh »c™l. and |*fUb blotdivd with crins* 

*on* Acut a \H&t\ li(h 

«9. a cwriWi-rw (StrarW. I- ^ 201* O. JV/n*W LindL 
R<*. Keg. 7*7- 0. /. «»"/", LmhD- I*"* K*rfr I** 1 * «• l0 - &• 

ocuti* rigidit earn****. *raj-> |*mctilato mutt«ltw>. *erali* uudu- 
Lttt : -lii.rrtncMin^iieiiUloobtu-oruchWw. petal 10 ifcOMU- 
LuU lobotJivc» .abclli Wii< Uietulibut rant* reeurvi* imerrnrdio 

tubrvtumlo-nmlormi marginal* multo tnajore, ni^i triloba 
tarnota |»Jm tuWrcula&t intermedin ocoto elonrato, column* :d» 
carm»ii ubtiouu rotimditi* remiuUs anlheri j»uV*«ri^, flLiwiiiU 

]»tice bUunli, |M>IUmU te«jli»wv Wnt /Wirt a*d THpkai 

Amrrint,* — ^'11* tiinis who*c nain« nro lw*ft» culleeleu* »ru 
*> Bunv form* of the raw <[>ork^ which vane* r»tn*uioIr in 

the tile a«J colour of U> llw*n. It* lHinl* «v Kjnrtiine* neatly 

Ihit, uxl m other uua ttu contortwl and krbed io a w i—irtih w 



70. a*iT*rWii«iit(Uw!Llk* t JtP(r.ltS^fni^6t** Sfitum.l, 

27* O. IIvnti4tx*M t itiXik. Jtrt* Mng. L 3-^«fi. 0.«Ti*A4^iwbi#, 

1^,1, KW«h & Oho, ic» t* fl* a ro-vw Wl Ij>twL **i- nl. Sfc no, 

15IK O. /*ri>/*» JtntAmannO, K,kW. ¥1 Oib. a t, 1»7. tt 

Jitmtm***H< UiW-eoL c*L "A no. |i>2£L) ; cMI*, folu* obbo^ 

corUcitt *Y-r+> ririii*?!*, hmji - I" £ii»lQM [ai»kul*tv, wi«b% *nb- 
r>tinwlii untnitmlitU petrtluaue crbor* iiibViWtiv Ubo Hi trilitbt 
mbcfM irwnirali lobn *ub*>|«itilkt** inlrrmr-.to rc(n*^ cnwflto. 
eci»t; uiflti «0Qt«jM tnmjftHn. crj«mxw nit- nxttivduu tublubahs 

antheru |HibrmU. Im Gmy™. A *i«5rnUr *p*r*e*. wilh 

to* haUt of O^nttliftfimwe. but with *imw-*olouiv<I floneix, 

Mjiiool vilb enmrjn bloirhc*. 1Vi\- an? tiutty VttfKio* itt * -j1- 
lit-Atioti. 
71* 0*itV*.*'iomi (l^LmlWTrth.PtUArtw«,j*.04.)i hr»e- 

!«• ovAtti nHni.bn&act4t oblunt, Kml» lil>*'rt* oWfUii cotica*!*, 

t.*iili*ii*linipi r.htn-W (riMLi W*M:.t^mIjbii* nbbrrtiali* mier- 

mrdio ninximo tr»tt.%«-> cmiirK»t»to M»booreUlo, *n*t;i b»e» IWi, 

tiiVrA-uU* «Ii»t:iaiibu* uim «>(<♦ nltrrum porno rajoun ttiMtuobtA 
colutHiur auncxilU lioe«fibu* Citaititti iwufti*.-^£fii«f*w#/»t. 

'llii-* bu » much ibe h-ibh of O.Cai cofli-ih'uT^.Tn «* to Men 

a mrt* TftrictT uf it. bol in rmlity ih a quite distinct f jvek-s 'IT* 
flowvf* *nf fully Iwu ioam in dUmeter. wliirfi it lour time* Ibo 
»Err of O- C*t™EAinnttwi ; 0>cy o w**r in a flwurf nwt tjw*n»u, 
w< ranielo; ihcv i» of & ifeh jetW, wijb ilie <*|nl* nni jiKau 
bocdnvd with cintuiinod rokmr I the UWImh bn» two ten trail 
Uter>t loU*. mid tor it. Cfptt it liw t«u <Jiauxt tuWrcW Um 
posterior oVrablis llto nnterior tKnsvlube*!, m\A the two icDfintetl 
by u oontitb^blo i(»fe. IIip fkmen oro toottovtr OigWr 
tetuted. which » not the rw witlj a Ow riii&hiMMUB. 

ti^" t^ &3F* |jibrl!um trikilnini ; L r* Ucmi'i mMii fjuft.i iin» 
guicilhti r< *!&»>" ba«* lhv|iu*bilmm) rm-u ^h^-, 
W* O, C*"vW***i«*^* (Rafnuin OrcK Mex* & GituL (* It 

0. wfaptV'*'', Ifookwla Rot. Mac- t.3fW,); eboJbey folib 

Omrmto *tnrliiaetiti>b**icutiiiJicatt- *C*po fHiiieubito bntkn- 

bcuv te[ttlU obovwi* uUu«* •upivfiwfuriiiMl*, , pyuB» labu^i- 

Un otJuciitU o1nu*U vjMi- uwlulnlis Mirth tnlobi hn*ut» Utern* 
libu* tin«inilftlH l«uid*tk iotrrmedii wafrDie Mfontu mv- 

clv^Vt* (vltiinlfll*- »Et>>, column* alu J«K\«ii*u* Oeunu inflnta. 

a*«t*m*U. A mortiK-hlu-p«ie^ M nani-leiof lim 

nVrwr^liftvirffgi\^ni-hwp4Unnd|KtJsanrtabn«liic^^ 

b> 

7* 0« t^mnm (IJ«IL in BoL R*fr lft». 1. 57J ; wudo- 

Mlll OVllllKl* 



llii 



Itulbi* eWptU ovaTibw coenpn^* *3"i*liy 
frre **m*JiW. tc*|-o mbfftli np-ln «n>d rain 

|..l . ' ,r T .i! :„i^ i mtt uminUi' n"- ■-I'-l'- ^ M Vtimi ^Truf.itn, 

rriiia voffw«A medio depv*« bni aBtwo dtttt> K"cood«rt* 

MfnUo M*t« ai^iwficuUtcs nluiiuw uIm it-(e(iernmi* wuli* ol>- 

m»U. -limit. rlower* )ello*» .frtkd wtlh iwMnvwii, in 

a tmn1lcW|>am>le. 

71* (K Mi*<AwIS«m [lim. L*|uL>0M; -buWl leitli- 

cuUribu* rjAfcjuJhbj fofi" liiwari-Unecoktit; Mapo 



filifixitii 
jfexttovt; rtocibni wHiifonnibTi* tvMipii»lb t h«mn* taU'Ui Un- 



CfrtLiii; nwMeiowciit^^tdlottfcnfllnao,** M^i^—— 

bulb; the flowtr* Wfli!^^ ! ' tfjwi«tfw* t *«th «ual 

all f< t)flp»ult: tlw li^ritiertUtKe.wiJo*.^'^-! '*^^"'' 



tliree InbrnHe* at ti* t**M> : .h* *nle h«be» *k wed^c-thaped and 
nniTnii>h- the in*Me <km* oiau** uniininali** i-rnduloui. 

::,. (), ttI,i*«r*M (II. B- K. I- |K ttM)| '*bulbo oblonpo; 
frliU f»n:on^»!rtn-W*ui*, pfltkAOidp |«nieulolo muhifloro; bbelkk 

ttifWIu lii*i bnlit'N ^iK-l^nin aUto n^trato, rv*tn> ck«n^o ad- 

K-rntallbfl i minuU vla'iidiit*.»*a cellilllUJ. , * !*>** o/MfJtm 

LeATOi U bdl and Ulf or tuu iwfex- lOOfr Sco^ a fuol hm K . 

76. O* AfrmHoffrai (U p. *0& Dot Rtfr <- I0W. llot, C'»K 

t- VJI>-1 ; Witt obloiicii obtu-U aiiieuUlii concaiii coriaeeU mor- 
cine M*|ie nWfiftj -***tn mTttculato d^atiflt^i**lllH^t4 h IoJt.IlrUIi•^|^iv , 
Ou0^ti> ubtUtV iHtu;iM>M», JaU-lli ftenulalS cunbili lubit laleni.i* 
but lutamhtil iuleivkedio mbcoBUto ntlumlnlo cmdtffinijo nuju- 
ntm*. ( ri^t itihiiwitu |mlK**cvnte -|dobu b co!unuiAralit nrtundAU* 
iHtc^vrrttnit. HnziU panicle irry much branclKvl And 

rtnafgliag* Ho«ei» mxiuhiiw* ;rllii*i and bflm *oTortimi"» whole 

enlottreiU of a dull c^kt* lulmbau tninL>. nf the tii^bt^t Irws 
in eknatcd tiiouutoiiH of thv Sorra tU» Arpoa.s in the dittrkt of 

Ilka timituV, lluwrrinx in February* 

77. O^wWaa^- (UndL m But Hec-lftlA mite. II*. 1830. 

t* 4*2.); tutifCttlii ram***tMimj ilituru-Atfi. wiiftli* obcttati* lalenU- 
Ihm ItWflf, jx-talit confprmibu* Aeulis ImWIU _l*itr» iTihfOjtiAKIfUJ 
mtennnlto Mtultu undaUto lalernlibu* crettit-i* rutuiitUu* criipi^ 

mti>;puU«mt^itV»Uiiit;, ("hiuuiic *li< rotundatit- Ifrntit. 

A hW i>taat« retemW.D^ O. diiarifatUR!, with a panicle ci^hl 

or ntne *Wi Wy, pcrliaua a variety of it- 

7e\ O- vapml (l.iudl. in l(ut. Kej*. INK mi*r. 124.) ; t-*-«lt* 
tirtali.nop n^itinlibut. oitihnut obtmii le\iter mrrfnvis Utn»Hrt atj* 

gtitto aariruUlo nus\» cottfrwrt^i a|^r.» Lnlubo, colto d«ci balubo 

ntrlnciue dcnUtO car&oto |ia|HUov> errcto coJuinna |Ar.iUcVieM)ue 
lotiratudiue p^uati, A<4MWta can™* nrttlit til takati*. 

Jlrazil 1 have only teen ft>wm of [hit lmlo »nceie«* Ttttj 

am tjmall. yell-w amfbrvftii. »ilh a larpe wlulo #twt errtt, a* 

long a* the column* and meinbliiu; the four finj-er* or the hu*U 

u Little |..!H.hH,l.-' i.\ui vL.-I «jk 

7»* Oimjii/rrMOJlAm^ 
twDijobnlU* u*»tU tulnittt dhJiUlis Mil* Utu-lrnc«tnhn* aruln 

ith-hi |M»teMUto brerioribns tejiaji* |»LTjitquu oblongU ortrtit 
paiuliv Ubclli bicini'i* UteraUbui iriangutiribu« iritentwdi* ci»iv- 

*rii ruu»rvirnt/i. crittd iV|in>>A medio eunttrictck i dimidu po*te- 
riuee qu.-vlmla bati utrawjue oilt-Vi nmlio tuberculala anleriero 
IrianfluUri aniee emarvinit't utrinque foieatii* alt* cofutmup in* 

te^Kt, HrasiL A mull ttri w fty w ud tm-ie*, with the 

V**k7 b.ilf of tin* lip rhrtnut-enfoumL It* ji*mcW> U rrpeativLly 

brattrlteel, and u loanetimc* Tiii|urou*- 
Uft 0.j™rfvnfeTw(ll,IJ.K. Lr>t»l):"fMmlutw->btis 

peduwuk* ranxulato innltillont, caljci* titi^Jit t^hen^ualihut un- 

thiLi'.it ii' Li'i-JiN-li^i Iiit/' 'niii .ivV-i *--H-.r_;;n<ti^ |pM 

pJcium aj«o aU fminciuetoba docto." A*ne» 6rM«att. 

l/Aw>i *e\«i or eijilit ttiebv* Ionjr> ikape about fouv fret lonjr* 

lluwer* oeanpe^o*out , ed »ben dry. 

61* (X rjievnw ( BiA*r in 1^ Itcu* l^to. tate. 17-J-Ji i»e**- 
dobuitx* OTAtk nnei|itribu« utritujue trico»lati* di|Ailli*, folm 
ontuc-rmibut ucutit, *eau> elooRatu r»eemi>to*jwiMculAto, t-^*lii 
lineari-bmcenbti* iinduLti* ItberK |ieialb coofortntbnt incums 

Ubrlli lacinit* latcrnlibiu rotandatit tutii* intevtnnliii tubre4undl 

concava iw*jri«entdo™'ide[trr"d i&midia inferiore Kne.it* m- 
tierwe tiwottAti* eolitmt** apteri.^-^JfcJ'ico. -A pevtty 

«**vi<*s with rale nnk lt>^vr* moct W with white. It fcn» at 6r*t 

nj;ht tlw aiwaratHv ttf O. oniklwhjaiehiiint l«l it wnnt* the 

btnJVbeaLed anther, ami tlie column*winxt of (hit ijirvvf. ll» 

l>anWled *e*pe it long* tanuv, and about three fret luitb. 

rtl 0- or*«&rWajwcAu« <IL B. K. 1^ p- 'J**. lUternan Orch. 
Met. <* 4. Ik*. IteR. 1*10* u 10.); |»eudobalbtfl ovatt* djnhjt!^* 

tili* etAHf-intulan retitrvit icano |«u»cuMi> brei^onhuv wi^b* 

"iii..-.-,rU .liT^u/^ mdulati- r\*hem c*mnmc* I.Vris la!>elli I*«*«ri- 

fortni* lobi» Uicrrfhoi acutit tutennedio htlobo, enrtu e handhi 

^r/rcfutu apicerrntnititecmHAnte, columnar all* cune»itit denUlis 

itt^mato |einriro*tr*to.^— -*V«*ro uiirf Gmttmafc— — Sfc*4 

damn jiloetfa wher\* tlw* t^ninenvture vane* between eW* and 75^ 
are tlie natural ttalion*of thUt|tfeiei* 

Kk O. iefenrtiauai <P*^|^K >•* 8™ ***• '" **- L **') : ***?* 

mnlcuUti ramii nteetnotU dimrimia, floribm rtenltbti* artylit 
miiiutis perfcctnnitn vf*Uu ob&oage ajt*ilwl»ii» nEonn* Ubeito 
Hadran^ulati anteo Uteribu^ue efnarjfinatOp eri»ta nnihitubet- 

euUUh columtur all* ultra uatditttn (hvurrenlibU-* mu^m* wiiii- 

■ei^itt.Uu ierrattv anther;i ro4nlLi* /W Ixcivca about 

three, tuudi ftUTW. on iletvier ^mfobulbt- Pjnide a fitf and 
half Prnj;. H*«ef* a|nwrentlv y*\Um. HemarkaWe fcr a tm\* 

tutu of |>erfeet and tterile tloirr* on the tamo bmncbei* 'Ibe 
oVuiU of Pt'iifKg'ft nxuro are ivty (atilty. 

cVI- O. jOToe-reaetJim {liinlLui Iknth- II- IUrtw.(..ta Itot* 
Hvtf. iftii «ii*e. 7.); pteuitybulba* mvijAtibut lucidi* e*»tuttt 
dkMlb> fc'-n* uatontiblll ^vtmenei* ubUtfi* Mtlt»_u»huWj*, 
rtinieula lon^uima diinriraia. H*nali* liU*ri* -vtaj|ie|iie twre»ua*t 
acuuunati* untluUlU |iWrntiv*iuus Ubello tfilobo biu titturv, U- 
cmU* Litrmlilitt* conbtt- umhlfttil rofldiO .tibetnanjfinali* inter* 
tuedU emarpmiU ami-uUto \*\u\U> Utioee ^uain Um&u cnttiv lu- 

berrulit 5 auxrv^nlt^ obtntil Mipw Irilobu mlw.mbe*ee»ttL*i** 

olumnf alit triir^ilnribut aeuu*. f/w/rtwJe* Ha*. TttJ 

thtn wtnlotfuib*, .h*n>-ed>re.i ***\ Mxnewhat furrowed on each 

lide* Ubvleaiettin* fa rnirKfmm fiie f> -i\ indie* lot« bj eoe 
ami a liatf tn two irwhe« wioV, of a thin |tarch«>™i Jite Jo^, 
obtovu;* lurrowiiiiE down lu iheic ba*-* ami inirp-i^flntetL IV 






fi\>*<yi at* in ft ya^ |fr» ranfe!*, ibool tvo orthrwfoct 1«ik» 

imil Iwtf n#h uV H^urr of O. GMtd. 11* kmIi ami 
prtftN arr imw, ^m.pomtoii wa*y, „J («„,„ fi * | .fc h 
yrilo* ; th. Up i. mil *IW, r™* ii dull |«o«u m elA .„!.• „f 

I'^r^ *J? «»•"»;«*■ it* Up i. k f„nn H» ib*i of 

a UMinirdiwmm; lhat 1* p> **y. it i* broftd^r at rt* b*w thaa 
in* Rpte nhtrii i* trni.itrnrlv oblong with n w ll ™,i in f Ml . 

bill, »ith ft *"■ obvurr tootntn-ftou il* ujijwr **£*. 

H>. O, H'r ml xint hit mvv% (lUlruum in IJot. ||u l*| ft i WW 

pnylj*. puiwuli anpjdj rV«#tti niuurii* .14^ n-jib* Hvii. 

nlitat i\4ut»tUij* jtrwfc cmHAh tntennotua iimlki bMifanbw 
LRtermrdtjr utijeun Km Uv» npir* anguttloro btefibu* rvrtl* U- 
mibl fvtr.formi ttetitlraUtii W imf. Ubf-IH <fu]4k xtiru<ncv, 
cna» ^nfcouij nVnixulii Cautin* awii. roluiunn* ■& fffWt 

br* i ibm.- - — << mif^prt At ■ 1W llovrr^ nro rirhl* rtaJDtd ■»>■ 

fTiTTiKm upon ft valid* cnutrL Ttav funu ftajpWll vXrontuferabk 
kngtli. Ami at* MUfh u*ol in adorning Allan. '|W beaut tfti'lv 
aWtlltcJ |*>**ud<»Wtu <'i*liii£uit1i ii torn all rthrr*. tirrpt l>. n*> 
bulwn. |n hftbil it i* Mm h*1f tl* 112* of O. lUwri and t >. 
l9d«bm»> though « rival* (befit in ll* Imph of il* MfffltJ 
ni'jth^f dm it o»*r fonn rocnpounl falmt branch** ft*** the 

•poV. 

HS. 0. £fttt»i (EUtriun in ]>*♦ lt*o. 1*i£.tui*r.K); ftatttk) 
balt-it m a lit rouipr*»«U lulfati* drpoyLtit, £>iii* Iiiuviibbt (;f»mi- 
nci« «fv vft|io n*qualibu>, »cj.jo tinifiWi 1, .ih iftM Ki4 uinku- 
!*!*> Ahfutto runulii :^j-lWik htj«1i> iiptnlmiuo tu-**H'UxK<v*Uti* 
plams Jdb*ll> outonjio ln»i ftufii T u1iii» anpxp-rv, iib*rcnlo cri^n- 

/^•-dmuioh <o[umnip alii trUn^iUribttt. CfttfJfUfcb.*^^ 

T H*» jer&My lni*<*v oftoi* *i l*>nj; n* tho onn pftnitk. fthhrtiw^ 
«mrtmw muck »lwrtrr* Riiv lliii ft [wtiiltjir Ajjpturmnrv; &r 
v^tili ntn\ \wtxU an* a ijull nlh*»4ir<mn wttboul vty »j«pis r\c^< 

ftt (h* pJ* n ^ *Iimw th*t ftrv \«U»w. *hilp tho lip hfti a)ki but «» 

clult ulitp-bnnrti WJ* oc^uptiw th.- cvotiv rf ihr l*** h . '!Tw 
trifpllftT CtfW oftlv niiv* «tw column wit) rrftdllv Ut*t(n^t Jt 
it from O. ivr^hnic'ivum. *\\Uh t*i ■!*> lln* Un b™ffr>t a! th# 
bov. anil ftiiifi'lj dinVrmi Wit 1 *. 

P7. O. oUMlrni < litxf in Hoc Kr^ t, -m); jwUiWwIbit 
Abloncit conifcoui tukfttii *2-!l*f4ntli«, Ufa* lk>rftri*U*Kr<Aili* 

-jii' uLifj*. ** 1 .< ;n' : - ,:.ii. ..in \ in iit.ii-ii* flea Mb dbui> 
tatA. «cpftkk HipivToo ttnrulculaia obomb> Ulffftlibtti longjnnuu* 

iititliuhitj>*lancYt>Lilit »j»mv mvtutis uPtfttt» Liii-^W* obc^ftti* 
rrti|>«s InWtln dtlwidW MMUKi Trtuwfcitt*. rritta mhrrculftta 

tprip mbdutibn tubmn)i>rua> juxtn l*«ti Pt f|iuiwr wr»<if ApU 

C*m mnjoribu* dtvtinrcit bi^rotU nnuow inttiprctu* oiluniurdlt* 
Rmmiit AfifafifirfTTiibu^— — /Vr»»— — IWrV rnvt, nurh 
brftftchcd ftnd «nrij*i.l At tIm* lop of tW «rft|ir. l-lovrn »Im*1* 

^olitumlf vrllo*. *ith only ft fcv rrd tp«i <* the 1t^ All tJ>c 
pwn part* ftr* ilvhily c Imkou*. 

8* O.Jo7**< (U^*»**): cauWir^t^totortWn^fflifofmiftil 
rtodoi ntdinftnto wi*l^balbt£Ft»» Miu nWonnft-UrKPoUtii iOutii 
jiMunrulti btRam br^ioriUi*. M^julit [x-lAlt^jw dw«i* Otafli 
tilftm* jnnal»!*ti4. bbollo <4k^i^Qob(oii>nKH!M»n>u*ttui<>bftM Ul*- 
tnrltat^ cfllumol niAOjiojii Ajm nn»n»braiiAnfn curtilUtA. ftlU 

'* VoltA K0VITAM1A* 

W» + iriJiMUm (II. B. K. Ll> "-W. U^- ll*H- 1- WlU : 

firli < * n-if^fii: !■!< hf<i*:bui ^vilmt&Mj l<t|N1 Mfflflpl bttDOTOfc 

Htiilo Hipwnw uutuw tAt<*ralilKi« achIm roUaUniub^u. jvJnlif 
obium uivlvlftEi* tnAji*ri Wt. UbplTunAihui lo(m b^falibu* |wnn 

»ubrotunfii unprifubO*! intern** B»»lli "»*>« "^*?r? 

bilftbo utrtiup* VfM* »|Hivta vciiftf|tiiH»A 'fH- tiffim 5-fcW 

ftpif^ truiiAAU, (tJiHnn* aLi crmuUtd ciftMttJ*ft!<*. -Vw 

Suriwn*. A'» r;/*nWa. *»J /ir*;</* A nU*U »|iwir* with 

lirsraUrft hnwfcwtfn foe it* *Ur ©thwW. H* rnnt b Urg^ 

Aivi hA# mi UfsrUAtitiiftwni -itittx In Kraiil it 0«uf* UCto- 
(irrlTcffl bmnrlwirf uV Onu^c Atvl l>nwn, flomtruan id April. 
dio<wf in prvfrcvfiw dry uU<v* v*i»wl pi iN» »mi. 

t»b™ tnu^ p^*> ■?« Acntiwmb, tcajo tonfO wihIujo |am- 
rulntx Hnll lirwanlwi koimtiwiif lnt*wbi» i"l ff"*^ 
AMnftOs piftl" iitwftto-ftabrotundii npratel^ Ubflb lobi* late^ 
nltlttu bwiib » ^m^ii* »il*iiA «rt*f»«l»» «W>"«<> , 1 ™™ 1 
f nAnnAitA. f nw Ubrmili* 3 uoo ftJitf ftlirntni <ntot«s ™- 

luanff ■!» wmftimU AftT*cifonnibut nxundAU*.-— #**Jrf.— - 

four frH lmi(. Otrtw ^f O* lip *»vl bft^ of tb* |*rtAl- P3dn«I 
.Until ftttfe, »«|» ™^» **T>* i ff - 

latrtiiliPu* ™uiinl*tis <n*± rwll". wlmt 



db ftcuti< ftnlArtt *oo- 
^ TK^tii mVto'mftionW Wbrl& lcbi> ^ <^ >«*J» 

_i!t- * Jw i*t«A, 7ni*i iw"". e«fciiiMw **>• M«*» «*»* 

tTo*m pu^l* akI wnit* j tho li|» -*li * fr* 



^■liJtTlnlT^ h^> contert^™ -ultiflon> -"bcrniuo, *^ 



uoOAlili. ahuw. hMti lobi< iiitfnlihu. i.,t. .:,-,. i>.vn,wd... 
I™™ "••* r*tn« y. rniAivw^ MliA^ullbv. rrbtA te>. 
Mu fthou l-i-4r^h#, ulii <ulutn«v ■rinftrifDnAilHti iViit>cu^tiv 

— -ymwufti *rW /^« « TO| rtwtohAjiifcr hftlilt *4 

O. '»>f|nnmi And trtrjjvtAluA*. fn«n N<h mliirl. it ii rv*Uv di*- 

rrfti 



Kftrtt Pf 4 iMl.f«ltiirml clfuii «lti f i» froM<^ 



nv iiirnm 

[il*«i] a drfirt tubrrdv. Iu lfc>»rr* mv phiv white, vita 

1 11 jniil t 

aVftlU, wnpo iti^rlo joncifli^ ™!i* DftTrb 

Nu^it QifduUti^ IftWlb Uci- 



■fnrh !• pi 

ft UtlW <nni^ Atutt (tw rnr*t of iln> lip. 11^ miuma 
*\ 0.ixw«*i*Awm (IjA*tt,Jlt>lJ^ Kt MrN>0;WM 

(VUlTlH-ftlll MtpT 

myiMbotllbtnX peteli* obti 
* |*Utef*lil™.tim'Ai^.ftbWvWliinternifrW 
->» ; lobit f IrtAAtii inifu* lifn i nxArvjar tlfMinilABOt <ulum^:r 

Al(t tnb^4fir!nfeTit tmncaii« ubliciur ui;tcWn£fttk f.VAu.^^ 

I knTT* jrllow, u tth wall (i^* of* dram M tlv lip **i p^ftU 

!M V* > ^ r * l ^^' rt '" , ,S,lirtt '-P- **Mi Wa* oblof^u *r ulii 
ixwplirnli* ftV«tH tU4f)pu* MititAtfttiro-^mitAtt*. KftpO multt- 
ftrfu ttrojriin t. fOTfimluot v|kAfi> nbm<i« 1 lAltnlibu* la uimn 
ruriflUitMii intvgnnn rociLjiti^ p ■ 1,- nhiiM* ■nblobfttis Ub«iEi 
j*^ 4 ■*'*"*'''«• IJ * a,il obt«^» ivcunU ituww& rroiicud un- 

KrftButu intrtfrif, Sr. /A>«^>^ *V^j< llii. \% rfcttin* 

jT^O^I from O* trtn)vtar „m h\ '.-\ bn«nVr -tTTuhted lo*ir*. <i: ! 
it* Bmiuinate not oliHnrn-|uk It u *U* a tn wli Ur^r iilifit. 

«, 0,M«/viu/-ta (Wiltt I- rx IflK O, ^*«*\»«w. I- j*. 
I !i^); ftiln* UnmJftUt Arum fakfttK fftriiiACit oorapftraui intetfrts 
Fcato liwjiltn t. [AittrvUto muliilW^ kriolit eitu1lk|ilc Uu* 
ctwlit ■oimiaad*: lnfriiwibBt in unutn fotihatu cymbUxm* 
UMli lotntkud^* Ajici* linrryvMi-bilubinn, hbctti lobb Iftterft- 
lib«i lirvftnbu* intrttiviUi n'uilonui ur-^nnJAtO rtiiLtvirat^ 
<ri>lA bit ifrMubcrmlftUj, ft!i« rotiEntiur tnajmU adnftritoonlbft* 

t^ntimiUuW J«»o*f« t A utuil *ipff»-s »ith oFiwb»ini 

flovrrv, w)io*o lip V* p*;rr uhisr, #%rrpt in the mkkllo. 1 W «r»l 
fon<itttof ttxbtttut tubcrrln in U» wnV-. ono mtin; on th* 

•thar. 



• " " rt>|.IA llftlTH. 

Ml a CMoOrlft(S™ii L-pb^M. 1M. K*y.t.I9M,): (oL» 
ntliralibu* terrtibu* mb*j\*tiv »«p> |ttr**nlnto rirxk* iHwtiftt«^ 
V(vJi* |n^ali«pjp uUitalJi nttAt* (nnmv. ungUlcvlfttlt. llbolli 
Iifinii* UvRilJim (itHrtatH rr*ti*ii intetmr^liii mnfwnii uiidukli 
tnnv^infttn. <ri*la UTiidrr/Aiii tnmrnla b»i ImbfrruW** a1i» cft- 

lunuMk pnrtit rsnm>.- Mr jit*— — *Of thcic ihrro uv iov#rftl 

varittict, onp<f «hicb Kn tbo bora of the lip covcm) wkhmin- 
ton 'pot*, and anothrr bu no »[**» at all 

07. O. tv*vi/»t**m llM\l\k<~n<~£.\±\\.wi*. te. lMC.t.4.); 
futn* trtvtititii kftflaJnnw duTu«ts v*]0 vtivto d«:*c juukuUtn. 
*#t«)t* ttfUb^iw A^Ci-uUti* i*yu*i* ftwins USviti Inbt* Utendi- 
Iki* |«tn»tibu> cibti»)tjc »bltjt!fftt ttibci*^>rlf«!t» kntrnnnfio <4^ftPk 
hifol* loki i^wtitu utimiribiis icbrtcuU* bau dqirrwo fti;licr 

!-■--" i tfUi-.L. ,-! ,1.1 .r .l\. iLjbtur it » .'.\jtni- inti. -'iPii. 

if«rir#, Ihi* focra* iloin* |«&Vrloa. 0«w fcrt k*v* of i»f> 

h"V-' aivl 'l^i Vflbta Aid bru*n tVtrr»> It* Wftieft *rr <4tea 
thov ft-rt feA^'awMuiig&fwnnr *pmnl u(N»it>* ff^ind |n«pvl 
*•/ »Nnn!iT^ MitTnn'l rmt. 

t^H. O. .mvW«* (Lbot iti »|«t. Ii^ lf>li tub L 1); Wii* 

croftii juacn« vapu ttricto |iaTi>oil»t'- miiialibtfi, H*|4lia j*ia- 
I(m|U(* iib'imTi* oHu^i* ««catis UbrlH lobit UtrTnlttw* nam* 
rwrti* iMrm>f*> ivnif*>rtni *'Uiar^tnP». luitnrulo ovato 7-4lrn- 

; hJ i.. r <■:■: r^alMliiicartbuunPT^mmitir^ini*^ 

'IliS* h«t mucb the habit of O. iVliolk^to, \mt ibo fofftr 

viti^« <rf lit* rsJumrw tho imall *TPrt lateral lobo J li*r liph *od 
iho inam-te<rth*xl tubvnltf diitir./oiJi it At onrt\ 

«»* 
foltit cra»*i«ttni 
wjMli* pr<ftlifC|ur 

MiDato lo^pioba*, ttibnruJo trv\<nn mb 



ri«itt<:Tuit bn T \itti 



(IJndL in Hot. RftA>ld4a'cubL4); 

mt orrctl* ftculzs panWutl Lu fvaviBon. 
xnati* AcwninMii wir? u^/uVnlatU Ultcili 
litVnlibt* tutentibo* onlttrjt n-Titi* tntenncdto mafoTtni 
ItjbftCTiSo trkorni iubicnwxmi, mbimu* 
al(* tubhinaii* bw*ibu» rutanclitK- — -Mtjifo* *ftfrh*M%m 

■bwt itifflftivr*. asjl nnaXi |*nWlns iHtt abmo Irt Lnrhr* lu/b. 

1 00. O. ■•*/**! ( Ifaiteimin iti H*(. Itetf. Mib t* l*>L) loljte t*rr- 
Irtrtis *|ulii prCft&ufA* *ub«Wli*nw rotnnrUti* ftruti* rncatts 
Ubijli fc>b*»x litenlibti* biwnnbui rwimi* itttennoiio ol>trta:o 
c^«Bl^vi'at , ^ etinti mlli» ^ Kncuribut in fnnti* bmut^ptf nvnata 

ronrrU A-l bft*ia. C******- ^P*J; *<hI ( >rUli g 

toott^l villi bnvvn. iJliWtyfocifr, JHiWiYOra; 



m 



•_■ Siif*Tf^ vIkho tuxiou it UMftitovn. 

tf>1. <X Limbnii (LodLcnt. *»L 2. ivXlSML). .V/JtV*-— 

'IT* l*b;t of thi> plu« H tl*« i>f a *(nfcll ^iwn of O. <*rt!a- 
~f(^; ite UbcKum !*• a* I *v*m fivwi Mr. IjMldipr* of ftft nj- 
(rrit^- bbrfl *bocviate <olouf i an^ tb> (V«i*rt *[<(**' in n nwjrf 

lit/N! *P itftl * hic * 1 o0nrinur ' fl> ' ro * * fttff lhc *" rn l*t«* tauVii 
eft II wmdoobtA ivrr ili-litirt .)»x>-4. but not haiiog wm « 
in tVwr 1 mnooldrtcrm(n*>»t* jotilna ■* 



m h 




n 4* 



_y *.>'/ //}/**"/// f^f * 










n.,i:-.iri-'> 



*fc-^«--« 







w 



Pi-ati: XLIX- 



D1SA GRANDIFLORA 



Disa grandiflora. Linn. SuppL 406. Swark, Act. Hotnu 1800, />. 210. Thunberg, 
FL Cap. etl Schtt/tes, p. 7. Kcr in Brands Journal, vol 4. p. 205. /. 5, /. 1, 
Botanical Register, t. 926. TJmll Gen* $ S/>. Orr*, p. 347. 

Satyrium grandiflorum. Think, protlr. ft. captns. p. 4. 

Dim uiiiilora. Bcrgii PianUe Capcnscs, jk 348. /. 4. /</. 7. 

Orchis africana florc singular! hcrbacco- 2taii Jlisforia Ptantamm, tot. 3. />. 58(1. 



I trust I may be excused for closing llii* work with the noble plant now represented, even 
although il is not figured for the first lime ; for nil (lie previous delineations fail entirely in doing 
it justice* 

It i» the fmc»t Orchidaceous plant fouud at the Capo of Good Hope, and we mav almost add in 
the world ; whether we regard the large six* of its regal flowers, cir the brilliant colours bv which 
they are accompanied. The magnificent specimens from which the accompanying drawing has been 
maile were «?nt in a dried slate from the Cape by Mr* Harvey, who remarks that the specimen is 
lliO largest he ever saw. the stem being two feet and a half high, and the flower* five inches and a 
half from tip to lip of the expanded sepal*. 

It occurs in various parts of the Colony* but principally on Table Mountain, where it is so 
common, according to Mr. Harvey, that even* stream is literally bordered with it in March. Sir 
John llersehel tells us. that the temperature of the situations where il is found h occasiontrtty a> 
low* as 31*1*. and also occasionally as high as 1HJJ*. It* habitat is on the margin of pools of standing 
water, the drainage of the bogffy slopes of the Mountain, wherein its roots are immersed. These 
are dry or nearly so in summer. In such localities it is of course fmpietilly involved in the dense 
mist of the clouds, which, even in the hottest months, often cover its habitation for a week or a 
fortnight uninterruptedly. 

Alas! that I must add that it has hitherto proved uncultivable. It occasionally indeed is 
imported, and in the year 1825 it even flowered al South Lambeth near London, in the garden of 
Mr. William Griflin, a zealous and well-known collector of bulbous and other plant*. But it .soon 
disappeared, and no other English specimen seems to have been put on record- 
In the absence of all certainly as to the mode of cultivating this plant, some speculation may 
be indulged in. We would then advise those who arc in communication with the Cnpc, to proceed 

as follows. 

We should procure the root* immediately after the leave* are withered ; wc should pack them 

in moist moss, and so transport them to Europe. On their arrival here, we should preserve them in 
the same state in a cool greenhouse till the month of February, at which time we should plant them 
in sandy well-drained peat and transfer them to the store As soon as the roou* begin to grow we 
should water them, gently, for the first lime, and we should then force them in the manner usual 
with Orchidaceous plants, keeping iliem in a hoi damp atmosphere. There, and under such circum- 
stances, it is to be presumed they would flower. Daring the whole of the growing season we should 
keep the plants in the same house, until the leaven were fully formed and the flower* expanded : 






thereupon wc should immediately transfer them to mi intermediate house, (half stove half greenhouse) 
until the leaves were withered. Subsequently to that period wc should keep them in n cold fhaded 
frame, just moist and no more, till the beginning of winter. Up to the beginning of February we 
should just keep thorn from frost in a cold conservatory — and as soon as February arrived we should 
begin again to (rent the plant as at first. In addition to all this, wo diould keep the pot* in pans 
full of water daring nil the time that the plant* arc in rapid growth. 

Is it not worth the while of some one of our great Anutteun lo try this experiment ! 



INDEX TO THE PLATES. 



Akmuec ai'mm: ,15 

QuiKQutvpuriiA 30 

DinxmxK Fronthp. 



UNAftMA NMCttOVTACHVA . 



CAWA*ori* i'uiu*cmnA . 
CalAKTIIK drcyicokw 

y: vs. hOIVJ * 

TllkVlCOLOh 

CATA*BTU5J LOSCOirOLllM 

— UlUISATVH 

— haccatum 

CaTTlVYA WPXMA 



ClIIUMKUtlTA I'ftVEOlDfc* Frontiip. 
CtCftOCWa UlLOilUOIILO* 
- MACCLATUH 



(-'YUlUtUI H HIIUMF.I W 
ULtOAN* . 

CrirrocmutM stkuatlm . 

■ SfACVLATUX 

DtM^iioMHTu cautiuttcm 

■ XOWLR 

. MACHOrilVLLVM 



UiOTHONr* SHIIMCATA 

DlU dlAWtAU 
Datmoda riCTA - 



EHWFDHOW ntassiCBVsi 
GAUUHDIU Dfvoma^a 



c 

at; 

2 

10 
9 
34 
42 
31 
38 
41 



10 

33 
4 
14 
7 
25 
13 

18 

3 

35 

40 

19 



45 



37 



HoiM.KTJA BftOCKKMlCftATlAX* 
Hi Mi CYA VIUUCLA 



43 



LniA ciStfAnAiiiBA 29 

Li:r-roTKi hi:hhvi.\ta ] I 

Mamm<aiha km'mkka , « » . 40 

MltToXCA CAXttfDA . . , $1 

■ Cwwm 34 

Monoui;«ia bardata Fwntiip. 

Okhokia krniAMtiA 8 

GnirrmiiAYA $ 

OsCiMVV fAXOUKKUM 27 

nxTOKAtc 39 

Baiikchi 48 

Onciir* fouo»a 44 

Pit tier* nicoi.ox 53 

SACCOLAOItDf [»L*MFI 47 

A MUX LACE I'M 17 

ACimroLMM FrOMtitp* 

— *^-^— CALCEOLAKr. /VtMtJt^p. 

COMI'RCMIV 32 

SCROUPCAUKIA CftUPA JO 

■ ■»— MARGIN ATA , , .13 

SoriiMwimoiuvpirMtiiA 5 

SOSSAUA LILlAflntM 29 

STAVIIArCA DtVOMKSM* 1 

Wa*dm 20 

SlRUm afc'OUM Frontitp. 

scajuoai Frtmtitp* 

VaKpa c*UTata Frwtbp* 



tffc 



Jfr-'J*. 



* I 



J 



I 



sum 

Kcmie 



LIND 



I 




■ 







I 



Foot 



Spine 



Fore 






ft &:AV& •-> 









^» 



. * :