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Full text of "Flora, seu, De florum cultura, or, A complete florilege ?furnished with all the requisites belonging to a florists. In III books /by John Rea ..."

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Ith t^Iowers Crown'd here JPkra fits as Queea 
Neer Her as Maids of Honour, ftands 


the Painful Ceres^ and Pomona's feen 

Begging a bkfsing at her hands : 

To Crown her Crops, and Deck her Trees agaia 

With Flow'rs, the hope of Fruit, Corn, Wine and Gxaidj 




The Gracious Queeii foon granteth Their defire. 

And fweetly fmiling, cafts a ray 
Trom her bright Eyes^ which like SoFs cheating FirCj^' 

Dries up cold dewes, and drives away 
T he Ftoft€^v^hjch had long lock'd up from our Eyes^ 

Beauties in Be 

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Behold each Ear with Jewels hung doth fhine. 


And ev^ry fprig Flow'rs doth adorn : 

Thepleas'd Por/iorf a vkws the fp reading Vine,^ 

In hope as high as Ceres Corn : 
Then both agree, of both. to bring their bcft. 
To entertain you at the Florifts Feafl. 

Mean while the Queen calls for her Cabinet, 

And all her [ewels doth expofe. 

Shews what they are, and by what Artiil fet. 

Then kindly bids you pick and choofe 

Come boldly on, and your Collection make, 

Tis a free Gift, pray wear them for her fake. 

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with all 






In 1 1 1. Books 



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Frmtcclby J.G. {otThmas Clarke , and aic to be fold 
at his Shop at the South entrance of the Royal 

£%change in CornhilL 










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The Right Htinourable 







Baron oiGerards "Bromley in the County 

of Staford. 

ivly Lord 





f r 

/wr^ your Honor t»iis 






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f» intended garden at 
Bromley, and fearing to he pre^ 
vented through Age and other in 
firrMei ef further ferVmg your Lordjhip therein, /, 
thought it my duty to give you fame account yith Vfhat 


TUnts, Fruits, and Flomrs it ought to he furnifhed. 




ffhenycu fhallpleafe to accompHJh that noble intend' 
ment ', and having nor»fimJhed this Florilege,J» a 
humility J prefentitto your honour-^ if it proye fo 


fortrndte to 


thought yporthf your perufal, you 




M>ill find it aiming 

Art, as lauddle as delightful, and able to acquaint you 
mhaUtheolories of our hejl gardens, as alfohoyp to 

inpuS your ort>n (jardetierSi not only in the 
but hhrnife in the natures 






ualities, of 

every Tlant,Fruit,and Florperjttohe coUeSed 


■ . 


The Epiflle Dedicatory 



bejl Florifts* j together mth the order to 


in their CiilMdim^Uritmgyl^rdpagationi^^ 


proyemrii} d^no 





am a 

jitprc/ejiion, and ntH)er mtitl nonpQn fo 
method^ made puhlicJ^^ yphich, had it not been for the 

ccTafion of exprepfig my duty and affeUion to your 


noury certainly had peri/hid in the JirH conception, 

\ - 

arid neyer appeared ih ^rmt : fofromjou chiefly re^ 
fults the profit brpUafure all others Jh all part a^ by 
this community of forty years ExperienceyVphich poJJi^ 



bly may be as fnany Of de/ire to hdife 

and bear any afeSion to thdt horieft and innocent re^ 



creation ofTldhting 




jind although our tomtrey cannot boajl the 



riignityof that beautiful Tlanet, r^hich meliorates 


eir Fruit in Italy, France and Spain • yet by refle 

Bion from good 'walls, JPell^grdyeUedvpalh, the choice 

of fit iind. 

/, an 



ojtttoiis proper to each payticular. 

l»e may plentifully partaf^ the pie a fur e, and yearly 

enjoy theheneftt.oj many delicioui fruits j as alfo the 
admiration and del'^ht in the infinite varieties 

flegant/orms.variom colours, and numerous ^inds of 


f ' ! 



. The Epiftle Dedicatory. 

nolle Tldnts, andheamful Flomrs^ fome 


have ken heretofore handled by a renouned perfon of 
your3^me^ hutjince his time,3^ature hath difcoye^ 
red many neVi> Varieties^ not k^ovpn to former ages\ ai 
Ihopejhbrtlj mil appear in jour own CoHeBions, 
rioujly adomingyour Jpacim (jarden, i^hicb ^.Mp'ijh 

may mhjpondy both in Fajhion, and FurnUurc 
thatnobleStruBureto'whichit appertainethV 

My Lord, xphen I conjtder theU^obility of your 

r ~ 

SxtraBion and dearefl %€lations. Ample Fortune^ and 

Opulent ExpeBationSythe Excellence ofyoHr3\(atu^dl 
Inclinations^ and the beautiful qualities you have ac^ 


quired by a happy Educationjtefined by Foreign Tra^ 

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tfels tofublime TerfeBion^F conclude this boo\^asfor-' 


tunate intheDedication^ as my hopes affurQ me 


your TroteBion* Ttour noble ^J^me as an Amulet is 


alone able to preferve it from thepqyfonous breath 


malicious Ignorance^ and no ScioHfi dare prefume to 
Cenfure n^hatyoufhaUpleafe to Tatroni^e, 


Jcceptthen my Honoured Lord, this humble 
fering^yphich pojiibly may live to dojoufervice^ rtfhen 


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Thc'Epiftle DcdicatDry- 

I 4m dufi and afheHy and, according to my highejl ak^ 
hition, remain oj a tefttmonj of mjfincereH gratitude 


for the many favours J haye received from your Ho^ 

, jour moH accomplifhed Lady, and that noble 



Familffrom yphencefhe U defcended. I/houldhere 
ddd myprayersforyow Honours prejeryation^ did J^ 
not referye them for my morning Sacrifice, daily to le 
pefented to the immortal Deities by him that is 



Your moft humble and 



tm ■*• 

moft devoted Servant^ 

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fohn %ea. 




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r o 

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^he. truly 3^Ue, and ^er/eB Lover of Ingenuit) 

5'/> Thomas K^nmer,^^m;ff. 






Hefe Papers which have long lam 

neglecfled, are at laft made Pub^ 
lick, and now come to prefent you 
a rudcDf aught of a Rt- ftick Gar 



Planted wi 



and Fruits as will 



proJper m 

cold Countrey i a Subjed (Iconfefs) wonhy a 
better Author, and fufficiently celebrated in onely 

faying, it is agreeable with your Noble Inclinati- 
on: and although my remote Reridence,and riiean 
Abilitie;s, could not furnifti fo many new variecies 
as are to be found in your own inComparableCol * 

kaion^nor cloath thofe infer ted in 
portionable to their Native Glories 


a Dref 


fs knowing in this de 

yet pofsibly 



many Lovers, lefs knowing m this delight, ma^ 
from the perufal in many particulars not former 

ly publillied, receive fome Sacisfadion 




fince It was 

e Underta- 


ftand oblig'd to you for 

your Goodnefsthat firft occafioned tl 

king: for had not your happy Acquaimance 

animated my drooping endeavours in thisdel<ghr, 

and your own free Bounty furmQied me with 

many noble an 

new Varieties^ I had certainly 

long fince grown out 


** with my Garden 


and confequently fpared you the Trouble of 

Intiufion, as my felf the Pains in penning 







The Epiflle Dedicatory. 

proportionable efFedts of idle hours. Sir^ I know 
your Judgement in things of this nature to be 
Tranfcendent,asyour Generoficy, and Curtefie 
is Superlative, which makes me hope, you will 
candidly Accept, and mildly Cenfure, the con- 



feifed Infirmities of him that is 




^behumblefi of your 



Faithful Servants 


■^ I 

John Rea. 






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TheMoft Accomplifh'd 




o^Qendrds Bromley. 

IsBora calls^ bright Beauty come 
Walk forth and view H/?:^mw, 
Where happy Loven, crown d wit 
Do fit and fing, in ftiil-green Bow 





And many fmiling Firgi?is ftand 
Humbly expeding your Command. 
Here Coy Jdotiis from his Bed 
Will rife, and raife his droopirig Head 





Warm'dand Infpir'd by you, grow Wife 
And fall no more Love's Sacrifice ; 
yield to Your Beauties greater pow'i 

For you may pluck his Virgin Flow r. 


On yout fair Eyes, will leave theBrook^ 

And Undeceived, foon will rue 

He ever any Lov'd but You. 



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He Smiles, and quite forgets to Mourn. 

The inamour'd He/iorrof^ will run 

. To yourbright Stars, andleave the Sun. 

Our LiBs here do make no (how. 
They Whiter on your Bofom grow, . 
And fiolets appear but Stains, 
Compared with your blcwer Veins : 
Yet to Invoke you, when they bow, 
Propitious Heaven perfumes their Vow 
The Co-^flip Cups, by Heha HU'^^^ 
With Ne^ar, (rom the Gods diltili d, 
Prcfthtcd is unto your Tafte, 
That Beauties prime may ever laft. 
New-blown Buds, all Scenes excelhng, 



your Smelling 



The crafty Flow'rs well kiiowii 
The onely Height to ileal a Kifs 






Mark how the glorious Tidb 

In VariousJrels, to take your Eyci 
Ami how the fair'ftandall the reft 
Strive, which Hull criuaiph on your Breft 
But hearkp methinks near yonder Well 
I hear the voice of fhilomel ^ 

Seeming to challenge a dilpute^ 

'Twixc her ilirill Voice and your fweet Lute 

Alas poor Bird thou wanteft Art, 


One tone 

And as ill ef 

Yours will break her Heart 

Ils^ Sing but one ftrain. 
Twill peeceher broken Heart again. 
Thus your rich Beauty and rare Parts 
Excel all Flow'rs, exceed all Arts. 
Live then fweet Lady, to inherit 
Your Fathers Fortune^ and his Spirit, 

Your Mothers Facc,and Vertuous^i 

Then dye a Saint, and be Enfiirin»d. 






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The Fair and Virtuous Lady 






Now Wife to 





f H:SC WA%UX. £^,Knight 


Inue. and!Beauty, wkhllndNaturejoynd 


To frame a ^ody^ and adorn a Mind : 
Virtue took all the Graces for hergutde^ 
And Beauty ^Loye^with all the Flow'rs be fid 

Leng Nature Jludiedy in what mould fo cafl 



ijler=[>iece, concluded at the lajl 

Itmujl ^Hahmer he ^ from whence oi 

She might exfeB fuch rare ferfeSiion 




And having brought this noble Work to ^lew 
Of mortal Eyes ^ 'lb e all conclude 'tisYou- 

ForThofe bright Heroes would fair Ftrtuefind, 

Need [ear ch no farther than your beauteom Mifid:^ 
And if for Beauty curious eyes do feek, 
neylfind itfiourifl? in your hyely Cheek; 
And now thofe Flow'rs, from H^hence atfrfi It grew 
(l(eturn again^with hye to wait onyou. 
Deign thenjwet Lady^ but one cheerful ray 


From your Fair Ey 


illdriye thofe damfs away 


Which ftupid Ignorance on them would cafi^ 

And, at one breath 

Sweets and Glories hlajl 

Blefs with your jrneter breath the Myrtle Bm^ 
And he the Genius of theje flants and 

J -rt- 


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TiJ the fame Lacly. 

Jearch the Indies for their !Balm and Spice 

R iflethe treajure of old? SiXSidik 


nter all Sreafls adhere Innocence doth dl^ell 
IJit the Tulpit, or the Fryers Cell 

V tjtt the rulptt, or the trjers LeU^ 

O rfearch the Sea^ andfeirce the rideji Mmes^ 



tin ore the Legend of the Saints, and Shrines ,- 

H 0% medlefs then i^ould all this labour 
A t our return, when we ama:^d Jh ould fe e 
N atnre and Virtue had eachfeVral grace 
M ade to inhabit in one 'Breajl arid Face ? 

ndthen ourftrife^ and in her beauteous Namty 
R ead all TerfeB'mi^ and from whence it came. 





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Tlyou^youharve alter d mwyour l^ame^ 
Your Virtues ffeakyou Hill the fame 

Aswhenth' Acroflickfirfll^aswrit^ 
TI?erefore t''^ereftnto alter it. 

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OLirty years arc nbvv cbmpIeatccJ^fince firfl 

1 began to bcaPla 
more time than I cou 
for divcrfi 

and to ded 

ha V e Tp 


that lovely recreation- 

and having by the help of a long 






colle<Stcd ' all th 


FlowcrS;, that by any means I could 


his Nation, France, or Fldnd 

y long acquaintance I Icarntd their Qual 




nd fo by 

flow decrrecs attained to a confidcrablc (lock , both of 

Plants and Exp 



commend the Ingenuity of my Neighb 

xal Defert tvhereitwasmy unhappinefs 

gh I have Ifttlccaufe 



Plant 'them 


yet with 

fainting pC 


1 have continued 

my aflfedtion to this horieft recreation^without Compani- 
on or IncGuragement y and now in my Old age (wearied 
and weaned from other delights) find rtiy felf more happy 

etired folitude, thaninall thebuftlesandbufid 


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imployments o{ my faffed da 

Some years fince, ferioufly confideringMr. (P4r^mjfo«; 
Garden of plcafant Flowers > and comparin 
Colledions with what I there found, eafily perceived his 
Book to Want the addition of many noble things of new- 
er difcovery, and that a multitude of thofc there fetouty 
were by Titne grown flale,and for tin worthinefs turned 
out ot every good Garden^ the love of the Subjea: (more 
than any opinion I had of my ovcrn Abilities) foonper- 
fwaded me to endeavor the fupply of what was therein 
t^^anting, and by taking away the Worfc, to tnzkc mdiri 
for Better- but after confidering the vifholc Series and bu- 
jRnefsof the Book, I concluded with acpcrienccd BuiP 




To the ^ader. 


clcrs , that it were better to make ufe of fome of the beft 

materials, in the ercdingof a New peice, than to repair 
and accommodate the Old 5 fitter to be fafhioncd 


the form of a^F/oW/^^'e> furnifhed with all requifites be- 





longfng to a FlojHjl^ than continued in the old method of 

inftead of old iiames ^ unce'rtain places, 
and little or no virtues, to infert fome other things much 
raorecorifiderable. ' 




And now ingenious Reader, havino; t0ld the bccaliOxH 
and by whatftcps I attained to this humble degree of 

may be expelled, either in Method^ or K^aaer^ from my 
performance. ■ ■ " , / ! 

knowledge^ I fhall proceed to acquaint you with wha 



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^e»e t/oc^f, ^/^/ i^/z^ diji'mguk 

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L In three Books therefore, as info many Beefs, havel 
lodged Earths Beauties, each Book having a peculiar Ti- 

tIe,arideachBedaTutclafDeity. i 

The firft Book, under the Title of F/^/^, the flowery 

Goddcfs , gives you fcveral forms^ and apt direa:ions^ 
h©wt6 makc^ plant, prefcrve, and keep both Fruit and, furniQied with the choicefl Plants'- 

are not vu 

Flowers, and Fruits,that will endure the extremity of 
long Winters ; dcfcribing all fuch as 
knowii, 'With" certain and affurcd diredion 

make grow, incrcafc, andpreferve each p 




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for the raifing of new Varieties 

not ta 





fimplc Books (the Publiflicrj and Retainers ofmany U. 
truths ) but learned from my own Pra^ical cxp 





The fccond Book carries the Title of Ceres 


defs of Seeds and Tilla 

the God 

and file prefents you with h 

HarvcH-Garland, made up with fuch Plants and Flowers^ 



y other year ,raifed from Seed 

direftions for the Sowing, tranfplanting , and difpofi 
each of them. ^ ^ 





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To the (^ckde 

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The ThiiM and latt Book-, intituled Po;?m4 , iiivices 

bcft Garden-Fruits our cold 


NorciieniCouncfy will afford; acquaints you with 
Names and Qualities, and how to Plant Propagate and 

Improve them; as alfo what Vines are fittcfl forourCh- 
mate..-which Me the JjeilBerries ., and brings you at laft, 

to reft in a Grove ot cver.grcen Trees and flowe... 
Shrubs, informing how to Plant, Order , and Dilpo 



As for the cutting the Figures of every Plant efpeci 

Wood , as Mr. farkm/on hath done, I hold to b 


in wooa ^ 

altogether needlefs ; fuch Artlefs things being good 

for nothing, unlefs to raife the Price of theBook, 
neither forOrnament or Information,buc rather to puzzle 

and affriffht the Spectators into an Avcrfion, thandireft, 
ot invite their Affeftions; for did his Flowers appear no 

fairer on their ftalks in the Garden , than they do on the 

leaves of his Book, few Ladies Would be >" love with 

them, much more than they are with his lovely Pifturc. 

I have therefore fpared my felf and others fuch unnecef- 
fary Charge, and onely added fomc draughts for Flower- 

Gardens. - 

I null not attempt to celebrate fo fublimc a fubjc<a as 
tbisinhand, fmceall theFlowers that are tobefound 

in Rhetorlck , hold no companfon With thofe of the 

Garden • neither will I throw away a word to flop the 

Mouch 'of malicious Ignorance, the CenfurCs of fuch 


commonly proving Praifes , the JudiciousbetterApp 

ving what they (hall hear Condemned by fo unworthy 


Certainly there are many, tel^des tny felf, that are ta 

ken vvith the alluring Charms of this lovely R"'""0"j 

to whom this Book may be Beneficial , and I wifiias 

advlntageous , as 1 now find fuch a Work would have 

been to me, when firft I began my Plantation ; and jf 


thefe my humbk Endc 

find a friendly Accept 

travel well bcftowed • 

delight, and to encrcale their Number 

have the good fortune to 

fliall think my time and 

fince to gratifie the Lovers of this 


the highcft 

Your mditfirms ffyvdfft 






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(7f«f /^ Ladies that would know 

fVhat in Adonis Gardens grow^ 
tvdk forth with mCj and I will bring 
Xau to the Beauties of the Spring 


J'irf we will 
'jind there falu(( the ^ueen of Lt 

ivith Daphne,)^./> as when alive 
closed in a ferdant Fe^etive, 
Then to th' Enamel d-hanks wee^l^i 
And as the dainty Fhwers hl9\ 
We there voiUpck out all the fairy 
To makefrejh Chaf lets for your hair 

Myrtle Grove; 


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With othe 

here the Primrofes appear 


fants of the y 


3lf*fhing mth jhame for to ^e [ho. 

Now the rare DafFodills are blown : 
Mark in what Order they do fland^ 
■Rnwing their Heads to kifs your H^nd, 

And then with yellow fcaloufi, 


jtivaVd by richer 

J^orfee the '^ Auriculaes come forth 
Adorn' d with Dies of much more worth 
And fair Eyes twirickling en each jlezn. 
The Heavenly Bear [l^nss not like them 
Ent then the rare Anemonies 
Appear and challenge all theprize^ 
In various colours richly dreji^ 
And might be chofcnfor the beffy 
JDidnot miv Phoebus caH to rift 

The Tulip 

delight you By 

With glorious garments rich andnen 
Ex ceding all in Eden ^rew j 

Like the Rich Glutton fome are dif hi 
In Tyrian •> Purple anafne whit< 

And in bright Crimf on Gthtrsfhine^ 
impatd with White and Grajdeline : 

The meaneft here yon eau behold^ 

Is C lot k din Scar let y Ucdwith Gold, 

But then the * ^een of all delight 
Wears Craydclmc Scarlet and White: 



Bears Ears* 





Jcfuttc in 

Antv?ap 5 fa- 
jj\ousfor pain- 
ting Flowcii. 


• Names of 







* Names of 

fcveral , fiuc 



So intenviven andfofUc^d^ 

That all.the other are di (graced 

whence aff ear s^ and deth impart 

Her ISl^tivi Beauties fharniHg Art, 

once did that famous * fefuite try 

To Copy out her Majefij/y 
But falling fhorf of his de fire ^ 

He left his Pencil to admire, 
Neerto this ^ee^ on either Hind^ 
As lovely Maids of Honor ^ fland 
The ^ Orient Virgin in defpair^ ' 
4rid ^ Leopaldus Miflrefsfair^ ^ 
Viemng Grand-purpur^ in aray ^ 
So Rich, may challenge all the day - 
And many more^ r»hich to exprejs 
The manner of their curious drefs. 
Would Pens and Pencils fet atflrtf 







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ther render half the lift 
But fee they fade andfeem to dye^ 
The Dews to weep their ohfequy. 
And all their I u fire vanijh quite^ 
That lately were fo fair ^ fo bright 
Tet C£ntle Ladies do not fear ^ 
They' I fpring again another year 

though they feem^they are not Bud. 


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Onely difrob^d to go to Bed 
And there fecured from all harmsy 
Jtefl in their tender Mothers Arms] 
Beauties walk on^ why droop yee thm f 

Look where the brave Ranunculus 

With Scarlet Robes appear in SiatCy 

And double Ruffs ingeminate : 
Monfler^Puvoine, ^/fr%^/f^ 

From F or ein foils hither tranflatedy ; 
Thrive by the Florifis skid and car e^ 
In this lean Earth and Northern Air, 

* - 

And now beholdas yottpafs by 
The White^ the Purple^ and Blujh Pa?ony 
With fome fair L illies that invite^^ 
The double Red, tnd double White : 
who now their Beauties do difclofe^ 
To entertain the lovely "Ko^Q, 
The Whitey and Redjtogether meet^ 
To match their mixtuz^ by your Cheek^ 
And now l fndmy thoughts prove true^ 

~ . % 


thence the Rofa-mundi^ 
how your pre fence makes fofi 

Dzmask and the Ciy{\ 


Marbled with varied colours fpred. 

The gallant Belgick BhihAnd Red 








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That Thondefs Brjer there doth tn 

ivith the [met double E^lmtinc, 

Brhgs forth fne Florv>s that do e^ifell 
As my// h Beauty^ ai in Smell j . 
And in this cleAr-, andfweeter Air^ 
The Double Tellorv looks mtfl f/ar^ . 

The Damask Province ^and the Red, 

Do ncrv afpear m better ff red ^ 
Their folded Suds ufon enchJlefH 
£xpeB your Breath to »pen them^ , 
Thatfo pcrfuj»*dthey may difclofe^ 
And each appear a FrAgr/int Rofc t 

The njariom Flotvy of * Chalcedon/ • 
Bulb d Ins^and the Mamgon, 

With all elfe blervnj youmay fuppifs 
Are fervams h attend the R ofe. 

But June isfa/lythe Kofie Eorvers 

whole cbmely"FbrmSj and Colours fJri 
With odoroM Br}ath; perfuming Airy " 
And Merry looks ^ invite ydur Byet 
T§ veiw their choice varieties, • 

hir with Floryy their * ieUiesjecm 


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Lucina aidshni^ now they Teem 
Help Ladies for to hold the Buk^ . __ 
JLepthat their tender Wombs jhould CfMJt 
■iso^:j^orv 'tis veell^ doubtlcfs next m§r» 
Tou'lfee a dainty Beauty born, 

With Jo many lovely Graces^ 
Matching the Tin£ture of jour Facts 5 
All mU conclude^ but frft admire^ 
That young Adonis was thf Sire, . 
And Venus mujl the Mother hi 
of thofe Fair Infants tvhich you fee ? 
9r children of an Unchafi Mother 
Are feldom like to one another - 
And mark them rvelly you"lfindeaihcns> 

of different comfl 

Var'^tng in Stature^ Form^ 9t Air, 

And none of them of VulcanV H/dr, 
'Tis a fadtruthy and their orv» cafe, 
M'fifhf them are of "^ Spurious Rase 
Por the Legitimate are gin e. 

And there remains fcarce any one 
D sfcended from the Nobler kind 


I ■ -• 



fuch hath long been blind^ 


Ladies methinhs you are not Merry 
Sure this long Walk hath made you Wi^fj 
tut if you like this harmlefs play^ 

lie met i yon here am her day 5 

» Irk ChicUl 


* Lirjcft Gl!- 

to brexk the 

■^ , 


i Siiiiitiipi 





when to their ^drters we rvillgfy ^^ , 
where they themfehes (hall let you kno*^ 
which in each kind doth mo ft excell "^j •^■- 
With^U their Names^an^ where they dweS 
And then you'l hear them beg, andfue^ 
That' they may come to wait on yott^ 



Ladies before ysu bid adieu^ 
IjTtiar what the Author wifhethy 

■~ *> 


4 , 

May aS the fever dl Ornaments 


like th 

eje Flow'rs^yenewed ev'ry 
like them, [uch fplendid G 

And Tou. 

Ton know the Lillies neithe^tow nor Sp 
Silent as Flowers may Ton in Virtues grow, " 
Tin rifning Time fhnll ma ke you ft to blow. 
Then Flourifh longhand Seeding leave behind 
A numerous off- faring of your Damty kind ,\ 
And when Fate caffs , have nothing to Repent^ 
But Bye like Flewys^ Virtuous and Innocent, 
Then all your fellow Flower s^ both Fair and Swe 
Will come with Tears'^ to deck your Winding- fh 
Jfang down their fen five Heads fo dewd^ andcf 
To be tranfptanted to your ferfum'd Grave, 

1 * 








' - 







* ff - 





9 ^ 

• < 
























^ mm 

' * 

« J> <» 





< ► 

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- - ... i 




* 7 

■- I 

' » 

^ L 

•■ ■ 

« » 



r:: " 



lilmg and planting of Fruit and Flomr-gdrie 
Ntir eery for Fruits and Floihcrs tofurnijh hot J. 





Air Houfes are more frequent than fine Gardens • 
firfteffeaed by Artificers on-Iy, the later requiring 
more skillin the .Owner.: few Gardens being found 
well furniibed out of the hands of an affedtionatc Flo- 
rift 1 he love of fuch a Maftcrwill keep each tender 

Plant alive, his care and skill hath colleded ; fo 
was any Art or Excellencc_ liked or lo\^ed by the I 


It IS 

Knowledge that bea;ets A flfedlon^ and Affedion increafeth Know 


Love was the Inventer, and is ftill the M 


it is chiefly that which hath made my Flowers, and 

Trees to flouriO) , though planted in a barren Defart, and.hath 
brought me to the knowledge 1 nrv have in Plants and Plantmg.r 
for indeed it is impofsible for any m*fi to have any confidcrable Col- 
ledion of noble Plants to profper^unlefs he love them: for neither 
the aoodnefs of the Soil, nor the advantage of the Situation, will do 


the Mafters aifedjo 

dcrs them ftrong and 

that which animates, and rea- 
withont which they will languiili 


d decay through negled, and foon ceafe to do him fer 



i have feen many Gardens of the new model, in the hands of 
skilful perfons, with good Walls, Walks and Grafs-pl " " . 
the mofteflential adornments fo deficient, that a green Medowisa 
more delightful objea : thereNaturealone, without the aid of Art, 

fpreads her verdant Carpets, fpontaneoufly imbr oydered with many 
prettyPlantsandpleafmg Flowers ^- -^^^^J^^^^^^-^^-^- r„.u .. 
immured Nothing. And as noble Fountains, Grottoes,Statues,9^c 
nrppvrellent ornaments and marks of Magtiihcence -, fo all tuch dead 

; ill done, are little better than blocks in the way 

far more inviting than fuch 


V t 

ks in Garderis, ill . _ ^ 
iterrupt the fight, but not at all to fatisfie the iinderftanding 
• i' ^ » Q • Achoic< 










A choice Collection of living Beaut 

Fruits, are inte^ the wealth, glory and deli:ght oFa Gard 

Sook / 

Plants, Flowers and 

?n, and 

the moft abfolute indications of the Owners ingenuity 5 whofe skill 
and care is chiefly required in thck Choice, Culture, and Pofition, 

I have known many Perfons of Fortune pretend much affeiflion to 
Flowers, but very unwilling to part with any thing to purchafe 


hem ; yet if obtained by begg 

perhaps by ftealing content 

cd to give them entertainm.ent : Anilnworthinefs more unpardon 
able in the Rich, than punlfhable in fuch Poor as fteal through want. 
And perhaps to fome he may feera no wifer, that parts with forty or 
£fty pounds for an Horfe or ^|wk, which muft be daily fed and at- 
tcndedj than he that gives fo many fhillings for a noble Plant or 
beautiful Flower, that needs Ht tie of either. Bat our faces are hoc 
more variable than our aiSfeftions 5 and, I fear, that to Flowers is 

for this Age (guilty of fo much wickednefs) to take de- 


Yet fince our Ions Winter is fo 

and our illuftri 


late-obfcured Luminaries have now regained their former fplen 
r, I (hall adventure to bring forth my Plants and Flowers int( 
the open air : but before I unveil their beauties, or difcover their qua 
Jities, it will be necefTary to prepare their lodgings, places to plan 

Thus much by the way as we pafs to the Garden 

_ ft , . ^ 

1 {hall now proceed to inform all fuch as dc/ire to be Florifts, how 

they may do as 1 >fS^ done^' m^^thcir of^n Gardens thcmfelves 
afsifted bnely by ordinary Labourers : in which undertaking it is not 
my intention to intrude upon the Gardeners trade, nor to amufe the 
Readers withKomantick Inventions ; but (as a Florift) to acquaint 
the unskilful with fuch 'Rules and apt Forms, as may be fit for the 
planting and difpofing of the beft Flowers \ and in fo plain and eafie 
n method, that every perfon of any capacity may be enabled thereby 
to be his own Gardener, obferving that which followeth. 

To the Habitation of every Gentleman, or Perfon of confiderable 
Fortune and Ingenuity, there fhould belong two feveral Gardens 
'joyned together, and onely divided with a Wall, fo as there may be 
apalFage out of the one into the other 5 and bothof thcfe for delisht 

recreation, and entertainment 

As for the Kitchen-garden^ n pi 

more remote will be requifite, Terving onely for thepublick ufe of 
the Family ; but tHefe two Gardens of delight would be feated on 
the South fide of the Houfe, in refped ofprofped from the Win- 
dows, and thebenefit 6rSun,and Shelter, which many tender Plants, 
Fruits and Flowers do rtecefTarlly require. Some to abate the rigour 
of the North and Faftwinds, plant Pear-trees, Elms, or Sicamores, 
indefault of Buildings, at convenient diftance without the walls 5 
ivhich may be confidered upon fight ofthe place 5 for Situations are 
fo various, thatnopofitive Rules canpofsibly fervetofit all; be- 
sides, every one abounds with his own reafon, and may adde or alter 

as the place and his purpofc fliall require. 




Sook I 

- * 



The moa graceful grounds for tfiefc Gardens, Is an intire level ^ 
and the beft Soil, is that, which is neither Clay nor Sand, but parta- 
king of both : and if either, it may be miuch helped by Compoft 
Hanging grounds, uncapable to be caft into a Level, feldome make 
handfom Gardens ; fuch muft be divided into parts,with Defcencs as 
the convenience of the place M?ill afford 5 in thedefigning and order- 
ing whereof, I lliall advife all fuch as are unexpert in fuch operati- 
ons, to be guided by fome honeft, and skilful Gardener, or other 
experienced perfofi, upon whdfe judgement they may relie, and not 
trufl: to the dilates ofa green fancy, left they imploy their pains co 
purchafe repentance, as I know many have done. 


The firftofthcfe Gardens of Dehghtjt^e will call the Fruh-gar-^ 
den^ the other the Flower-garden, which would be lefTer, and placed 
immedi itely under the walls of the houfe 5 the other on theEafl: or 
Weil fide thereof, according to the quality of the place. I fliall 

not advifeany, to make either ofthefe Gardens toobig, for fuch are 
commonly ill furniflied, and worfekept. Fourfcore yards fquare 
for the Fruity and Thirty for the Flomr- garden will be enough for a 
Noble-man: bat for a private Gentleman, Forty for the one, and 
Twenty for the other will be fufficient. 5 and fo bigger or le/Ter, ac- 
cording to the draught you make choice of, or the fortune and fancy 

of the owner 

'v^^K ^ 

If you are to inclofe a new ground for a Garden, be Careful in pla- 
cing the Walls,that the fize, ficuation and form, may all be anfwera- 
ble to your intended plot: the ground exatftly meafured,. and tried, 
that the Walls may be neither out of fquare or level, which will much 
advantage the v/ork which is to follow. For the Foundation and a 
foot higher. Stone may ferve, but after Brick is beft ; raifing them 
nine foot high at the leaft, on the inlide the Garden, and fcued only 
on the outfide ^ and for dividing the Fruit from t\\Q Flower-garden, 
a thin walUf five or fix foot high may ferve 5 or elfe half Pales, cue 
witli handfom heads, and put into a Brick colour^ with equal porti- 
ons of red Lead and Ochre, ground on a Painters ftone with Linfeed 
Oyl, ferving fitly for the planting of ^nt Rofes, on either fide. 
The walls being finiflied, the ground is to be prepared for plantin'^ :' 
and firft we will begin with the Fruit-garden. 



In the firft place you are to divide the Walls for Trees : aflowin<» 
about tweU^e foot in large Gardens betwixt them, and half the mea^ 
fureat the corners : in leffer Gardens ten foot or thereabouts mord 
or lefs, according to the fpreading of the trees you intend to plant. 
Mark the places where they are to be fet,- then trench the Borders 
round about the walls a yard wide, and about two foot deep 5 but 
about the places marked for trees, two yards fquare, that their roots 
may have room to fpread, cafting therein good ftqre of old,weIl-rot- 
ted Neats dung, which will laft much longer than that ofHorfes • 
and let it be all over about a foot thick,- well mingled with good 

^ ^ ' Earth. 






Firth and tro<3en dowil : then lay thereon another courfe of Earth 

m DwSi Dung, and therewith raife the Borders to the height de- 
&ed then mark and (lake out the fortn of the whole Garden, accor- 
d na 'to the defign or draught you (hall fancy , fo that you may know 
& aces wher? the Beds°and Borders ^«ll be ; tbe which muft b 
renK and dunged as the former : but before you be|in to fet out 
any part of the Ga?den, the whole muft be well digged, and caft m- 

to a level, from fide to fide* 

The sround thus prepared, and having provided fawed Rails, five 

inches broad and an inch and quarter thick, that have been laid 
ft S and feafoned a year at the leaft,. kt them be lined o- '^' 

Upper edge, gaged 


fmoothed with a Plain 



SS ^nTo^tetrd^rfitted^o lengths, and pieced according to th 
Timber and order of the work : you may put them mto a S"- 

th white Lead, common Cerufe, 

London white, Tom 


Cha'rcoal and Linfeei oyl ground together on a Painters ftone: bu 
the Rails and the Stone-co!our will laft much longer, it they be firft 
well primed with red Lead and Umber ground as the former : then 
rfter the Colours are drie,and tlie Rails fitted to their pl-« .".1 nn 

fides thereof, pieces of hard wood that will laft, about half 

. • 'f ;„,!, ,-,nAfr »lip iinner edge : itvou 1 

yard long, placing them an inch under the upp 

f you fet 

hem wo'thinrtife Rails wilFbe apt to warp, and turn with the Sun 

done with difcretion 

make holes to let thefe feet into the 

and fo place them by aline, and 


the upper 

fdees mavallbe of one entire level, throughout the whole work 

S nnKth the Borders about the walls, and fo place all the reft 

fcXliccordingly as the draught {lull direa you : let the feet be 

Allies'are graveiied and m'adV:" "then fill every Bed'and Border with 
good fcreened or fifted earth, and leave them Lke a ridge, higher 

than the Rails in the middle. 

1 he next work, is to prepare the places intended for Grafs, and 

well ramm-d,and the rails kept ftraight and level raifed up, that they 
^y be four Inches on the outer fide above the g^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^ 

provide Ttivfs for the 

Firft level the ground, and confider the 

fo the 

hicknefs of the Turfs, which when layed, muft be threeinche 
er than the upper edge ofthe Rails, and the Allies four inches, 

Grafs will be an inch higher, remembr in § ftill from the Rails to fejch 
your meafures, and level, to keep the w 


der ; and if 
fhould be 



the ground under the Turfs be not barren oi it feU 
covered fome thicknefs with hungry Sand to make it fo that 
rafs grow not too rank.T he beft Turfs for this purpofe are had - 

moft hungry Common /and where the grafs is thick and fliort, prick 

down a line eight or ten foot long, and with it Spade cut the r urfs 
thereby, then (hift the line a foot or fifteen inches arther and fo 

crofs the 

proceed untill you have cut fo far as you defire, then 
the fame breadth, that the Turfs may be fquare, and cut them there- 
by : then with a ftraight bitted Spade, or Turving-lron (which many 
for that purpofe provide) and aOprt cord tied to it near the Bit, and 



the other end to the nildle of a (Irong 'ftaffl 

by one thru ft 

* / 

.he Spade forward under the Turfs, and another by the ftaffp 
backward they will eafily be flaied and taken up, but riot too many 
at a time tor drying, but as they are laid 5 which muft be done by a 
line and a long level, placing them clofetogether^ and beating them 
down with a Mallet : having covered the quarter, or place intended. 

let it be well watered, and 

th a heavy broad Beat 


Lad ly, cut away by a line what is fuperfluous, that the fid 
mav be ftraight and eaven, or in what work you fiull pleafc to fancy. 

^ r - \ 

The Grafs-plots being finillied, you may proceed to gravel the 
Walks and Allies. T here are feveral kinds of Gravel, the Cac-braln- 
ed binding gravel is the bcft, and theloofe Sandy gravel the worft 5 
lay it fomenhing thick, and beat down every courfe, theworfer iri 
the bottom, and finefcreeried gravel on the top, and in finiihmg, 
leave the Walks a little round in the middle jfor the level,theRaiIs on 

her fide will dired you that you cannot erre, remembring 

the Walks and Allies tour inches under the t^gt of the 

Walks and Grafs-plots muft be often rolled 
Icr to keep them fmooth and in good order 

And now this Garden 

■eady to be planted with Trees, Sluubs and Flowers, each thi 
its proper feafon, 


The beft time for planting; Trees and Shrubs is iri Oct ok 

then either of your own provifion, or < 


of the Nurceries about 
'London^ you may furni(h the walls with Pars^ ?lums^ Cherries^ 
Jpricocks^ Peaches, NecteriHs and Fif^cs, making choice out of Po^ 

Jo^as ftore of fuch you dcflre •, where you will find what Fruits arc 
fitteft for Walls,and what fc^r Standards •, which may be difpofed and 
fet in the Garden at proportionable diftances : betwixt which may 

be placed i?<?/( 


what other Shrubs or Green^ you like 

berries^ CyPref 



he Borders about the 

and the reft of the Beds may be furniftied with the more ordinary forts 

of Flowers, as Lilie^^ MartA^o^s, Pionia. Daffodils^ Tulips, andfo 

of all other forts, fuch of each kind as are leaft worthy to be received 

the placing, pi 

Flower-garden^ where I would have all th 


and ordering of all the Plants, Fruits and Flow- 

or the Flower- garden is to be furni(hed, it ii 

needlefs to be here expreifed, for that at the end of every Chapter, 

where each particular is treated of, yon will find ample direaion foe 







In default of Timber to make Rails of the thicknefs forementlo- 
ned Inch-boards flit to the breadth may ferve ^ and fonhe make ufe 
of Tiles or Bricks moulded on purpofe, but both thefe are apt to 
break with theFrofts, and to be out of order. Some are at the 
charge to fet their Gardens with Free-ftone, ' hewed for the purpofe, 

hich ftandino; in the ground (uttlefs it be very good) will moulder 

' i Next to the forenien- 

away, and cleave with the Winter-froft 

tioned Rails, So.s well fet is the beft to border large Beds 





4 ■! 



Hr^en, and fuits very wellwkh Grafs Mmj fitly rervc for all but 
the Borders to the Walls, which would be kept up with Rails. 




■ FdlMo's (or, as we uCually call them, FoU-hedges) a 
infafhionin France, and there fet with dwarf! ruit-trees . fuchare 
troublefom to keep in order, and fubjedl to ftrong Wmds, fit onely 
for fpacious Gardens : but the beft hedges for our Countrey are thofc 
{ttmt\iPiracanthamAFh^Uirea^ and for lower in lefe Garde- ^ 
Cela(irmii^^ AUtcrnm , thefewiU be alternately green, -^ ^ 
refpond exceeding well with Box and Grafs : thefe Hedges muft be 
liept harrow, and fupported with ftakes> rods or laths on either fioe, 
and as they grow, cut ftraight by a line on the top, and even on the 
fides. How to raife thefe Plants, and when to fet them, you may 
find direded in the places where they are defcribed. 

■ ■ 

And now having done with the Fruit-gardm, and made it a fit re- 

pofitory for Fruits, Plants and Flowers of the more common kmds 
we will proceed to the F lower -gar den, and fafliion it in the form ota 
Cabinet, with feveral boxes fit to receive, and fecurely to keep. Na- 
tures choiceft jewels, ; 



Having made choice of a Plot that for meaCure may fit the place, 
and flarid provided of Rails four inches broad, and an inch and quar- 
ter thick, thkthavebeen well piled, kept ftraight, and feafotied, 
you muft make ufeof fome underftanding Joyner toworkthemj 
£ift he muft be made acquainted with the Draught, whereby he 
may know the length of every Piece from each corner and angle, 
(allowing for the joyning them together) and alfo the number of Pie- 
ces in every length ^ which being cut out, m aft be lined, gaged and 
plained,as before is directed in the Fruit-garden -, thefe only differing, 
in that they are to be moulded with an halt Round on the outer cd^^Q, 
The R ails thus prepared,in the great Allies,near the place where they 
are to ftand,may be joyn d arid taft nail'd together at every corner and 
angle, and as the feveral Pieces are fihiflied, fet on the ground (which 
muft firft beleveird) in their proper places 5 and when all is finiflicti, 
fet them exactly by a line,a long ievel,and a ftanding meafurejfor the 
breadth of the inner Alleys, which muft be as broad as the Beds. 
Every Piece, if they be of equal and true mcafure, perfe^ly 
fquare at each corner and angle, will anfwer to the Line every way. 
When they are thus placed, and having prepared many pieces of 
hard wood, of half a yard long, and of a confiderablc bignefs, that 
they may laft the longer, \tt them into the ground on the infide the 
R ails, an inch under the upper edge, and there nail and faften them 5 
the more of thefe feet you make ufe of, the fafter and better the work 
willftand, and not warp or turn with the heat of the Sun. Before 

the holes be filled, prime the Rails with Linfeed-oyI, Red-lead and 
Umber, well ground on a Painters ftone, and after put them into a 
S tone-colour, with any of the forementioned W hires, C harcoal and 
Oil: asfoonasthc Colours are dry, place the R ails exadlly, and 

try them everyway with the line and kvel^ filling and ramming the 


iBookl. F L f^J. 

feet liar Jjthat they may not flir out of their places, TIieBprders about 
the Walls are to be of the fame breadth and level witti the Beds, and 
railed tboiit on all fides after the fame manner, All which diligently 
perfomycd, take the Earth out of every Bed and Border by degrees zs 
you work them, about two foot deep, and lay the fame in the Al- 
leys, not ftirring the Feet i xhen cover the bottoms all over witii 
gooiJ old Neats aung, that it may be fix Inches thick, after itis hard 
trodden: next skreen the Earth, or fift it through a Wier-riddel, 
and do the like by old Dung rotted to Earth, fpread tliiri oh' the 
ground tO'dry, that it may the better pafs through the Skreen or 
Riddel, and fill the Beds and Borders therewith, putting m altnoft 
as much off the '<!me as the other, more or lefs as the Earth is in^ood- 

aefs, which ftir up and jaa ingle well 

and fo proceed untiil 

be finifhed. Lafll^, make the Alleys, thofe within the F 



oodbindinE^Sand, laid fmooth, and hard beaten, foth 

they may alllic level three inches taiiiS or the mpper edge of theEails^ 
iport'his'Gardenldefign one ofthe'Braughts of twenty three diVrfi- 
ons, and each to be two faot fix inches broad, then the Fret wiiljbe 
nineteen yards fix inches fquarej next Alley of the fame 
breadth round about, then a Border oftherame breadth railed shunt 
as the'^eds, trokcn about a yard and half wide iar goings in^ in the 
middle of every fide, thenclofeupto the outer "Rail, on theinfide 
put Pofts into the ground at each corner and end, with others be- 
twixt them equally divided 5 thefe Pofts muft -be of good favV-ed 


of about five inches fquare, and four foot high abo)^e 

!Rails- 'let them be well ramm'd, and of equal height, iaftening on 

the beads thereof Rails of the fame breadth, -unto which, and tihat .. 
•the foot, nail good well-prepared Laths floping, fix inches afunder, 
botlh way s chequer- wife, asevery Joyner knows how.: ;this -Lattice- 
frame jseing well made, firft primed wiiine, :and after colour 

ed 'g 

twithPittk and VerdigreefcvOrOrtmentandlndico 

The 5R ail next to theFret muft be anfwerable thereuni!0,and the.Bor- 
der 'filled according totheireft. All .which .performed, gravel the 
great Alley, and coat it with the fame ^and, thatii laiay rbeof she 



' -"'r 


ir-his inner Alley and border will take -up three yards and Qfteloor, 
the -Borders to the Walls one yard and two foot, the ;grcat Alleys 
■five yards, two foot and fixinches -, to which nineteen yards and Ac 
indhes (the meafure of the Fret) being added,the whdle 'Gardenfr^am 
wall to wall will be juft -thirty yards fquare. 


And becaufe divers have ^Gardens already enclofed, that the mea- 
fure of the forementioned Fret will not fit, I have therefore dcfigned 
Draughts^ of feveralfij^es^, 'that every one may take that which bcft 
agrees with'his ground, aftiils moft proper for his purpofe : tliefamc 
JRuks (before expreifed) Terming for all, onely altering theMeafutes 
for the breadth of the Beds and Alleys, ^obfcrving tlic true divifion, 
<of which every Tret may be, what will beft Agree >with rthe place 
from two foot -to a vard. And xhofe that want Timber to make 


-- ^ 





J. Sook I 


Rails after the manner before direacd^ tnay fet the Feds and Borders 
v/ith French Bex, andinftcadof thetorementioned Lattice make a 

Alaturnus, Pyra^antha and FhyUirea^ 

thin Pole-hedge with Celafirm^Al 
, or what of theie he can get, which 

_^^j „, being ever green will agree very 

-\veii with the Box : but the Borders to the Walls neverthelefs muft 
be fupported with R ails, to keep them and the Walks divided and id 
good orders \ , - 

T _ ■ 


I know a Garden fo fet with ^<?Ar will (hew very well, and (if care- 
fully kept) will laft many years 3 but it will be three years before the 
-^(7j^? be grown to perfedion ., befides, theRoots^ if not cut away on 
the infide with a keen Spade every other year, will run into the Beds, 
and draw from the Plowers much of their nouri(hment : alfo it muft 
be kept cut, and (beared three times every yearatleaftj whereas a 
Garden fet with Rails is free from all thefe inconveniences, prefently 
in perfeaion, and kept with little labour, onely rolling the great 
Alleys, fmoothing the reft, and weeding' the Beds 5 which, though 
often ftirred and turned over in taking up Roots, mending the Soil 

with lifted Dung, or planting again, you need not fear to lofe the 
Level the Rails will ftilldirea you: and as the Ground finks, the 

fame muft be raifed again with good Earth mingled with Lime and 

.WU.AA* fTAWA* ^ 

Dung which hath lay en on an heap to rot the beft part of a year, that 
it may be lifted and imploycd to that purpofe. And as I told you la 
the former Garden, when vcu earth up thefe Beds, lay them not 
flat , but fomethlng round towards the. middle , efpecially if the 
Ground be apt to hold weT: The greatcft care,- skill and curiofity is 
required in the ordering, difpofing, planting and pi eferving each rare 
Plant and tender riowcr, wherewith this Garden is to befurnifhed, 
and, although you may find ample diredionat the end of each Chap- 
- ter (where the particulars are infcrted) for the doin^ thereof, yet 

word or two in this place will be neceffary, for the placing ibme 

•^ Plants and Flowers in this Garden, which we dcfign to be of thirty 

yards fquare,with a railed Fret of twenty three divifions,and a latticed 

.Bol-der-, and firft we will begin with the Walls ; thofe on that fide 

-•open to the South, or South-eaft, 1 would have planted with the 

beft Peaches and NeBorines, fet twelve foot afunder, and an Indian 

^GefminezndJouhle clematis in the middle betwixt thofe Trees that 

ftand next to the corners," and SLdttthle-Jlomred Pomgranate betwixt 

each of the other 5 the Eaft and Weft fides with the beft Plums and 

Cherries', and the North fide (if the Walls be high) with the beft 

Pears grafted in ^/»f f-ftocks^ and betwixt every two of thefe Trees 

a tall ftandard R9Je-xxtt, ordered ia fuch manner as in the Chapter of 

J ' ILofes is direacd, that each may bear fcveral " coloured Rofes on one 

ftock. The Borders to the Walls are beft to plant Auricula, red 

Primrofes, Hepaticaes, double Re fe- champion, double Non fuch, double 

Dames-violet, the beft JVaU-pmrs, double St ock-giHt floors, and 

many other things vou will find direded to be planted under Walls, 
The inner fide of tfce Lattice is to be fet round about with feveral 
forts of fine iJ<?/«, cut near the ground, that the new Shoots may 

be wound into the Lattice all over, and no place left bare, the which 



Sook I. 


ana a 

miift be reaforiablycuton the top eavert with the Rail, 
the fide$; fo in two or three years you will have a noble Hedge of 
^ofes^ which will be an excellent ornament to the Garden. The 
Border next this Rofe-hedge is chiefly intended to place Pots upon, 

onalliides, with ttie^beft Gilli flower s^,AurieuWs^ Myrtles^ olea^f- 

dcrs^ and all other potted Plants,^ onely the edge next the Rail is to 
be fet with all the feveral forts of Crocm^ mingling and placing to- 
gether fuch as are ©fa feafoA, 

, Now for planting the Beds in the Fret, you miift confid 
piece, and place the Roots fo as thofe of a kind fet in feveral Be 
may anfwer one another •. as in 


the corners of each Bed 


'■^erialsy Lilies^ Martagons^ and fuch tall Flowers 

the five Sq 

Tufts of the beft Pidnies. 


I the 


round about them feveral forts of CycUme/i 5 the reft with Daffod, 
Hyacinths^ and fuch like : the ftreight Beds are fit for the beft Tulif 


may be kept of them : Ranunculm and Anemenies alfo 
require particular Beds 5 the reft may be. fet all over with the more 

ordinary forts of TuUfs, FrittiUarieSj bulbed Iris, and all other kinds 

of good Roots, In fuch fort as you will fi'nd direded where they are 
defcribed,' And every year, as your ftock increafeth^ you may dif 
pofe them according to your own fancy 

Roots that lofe their Fibres, at your pkafurej- but fuel? 

the places of any 

■vvhofe Roots retain ch 

fiderately to be placed at firft 

where they may'ftand divers years without removing 


. It will be requifitc to have in the middle of one fide of this Flower- 
garden a handfom Otftangulir Somer-houfe, roofed every way, and 
finely painted with Landskips, and other conceits, furnilhed with 
Seats about, and a Table in the middle, which ferveth not onely for 

delight and entertainment 

fit in and behold the beauties of the 


but for many other necefiary purpofes 

put the 

R oots of TuliVs and other Flo 

they are taken up, upon 

Papers, with the names upon them, untill they be dried 


may be wrapped uip and put in Boxes •, for writing the names, both 
in planting and taking up, of all Flowers^ In order as you difpofe 
them : for ihelter in cafe of a fudden (howre of rain, and divers other 
purpofes you will find this Houfe to be fit for, which is indeed a 
thing fo necefiary, that it cannot (with anv convenience) be wanting 
and therefore ought to be confidered in the fetting up of the Walls 
wherein it is to be placed, fo that it come not further into the Gardei 
than the iuft breadth of the Border, for putting of it out of fquare. 



Thefe Gardens will not b 


ned anS kept Well furniihed 

without a Nurcer\ 

of Stocks for Fruits; as of Flower 


Seedlings, where many pretty Conclufions may be pradifed for the 
raifing of new variepes ot divers kinds, which is indeed the priacipal 
partofai^/^W^- and here you may yearly make your Hot Bed, for 

the raifing of choice Annuals, In the fide of this Nurcery you (hould 

alfo hav 


put in fuch ntccffury 









to be ufed about the Gajdens 


£ne Wier-riddl 


Spades, a bigger arid a lefTer, iikewife Shovels, and Howes of fe veiaj 
iizes, a Pruiniiig-Jbook, Grafting-knives, a Saw, a ChifTel and Mal- 

alfo a fraall Pen-knife for Inoculating, and laying o^Gilliflone- 
Line and Kulei Trowels of feveral fizes. a handfom Hammer 



with two pair of Gardeh-fliears, and two Iron Rakes, a bigger and 
longer in the head, and a iWter with the Teeth thicker fet with 

feveral Baskets of Tw 

and Bcfom 

I, to fweep and carry away the 
clenfings of the Gardens 5 as alfo for the keeping of Roots after they 

are taken up, Seeds, and fach Uke things 5. but chiefly for the hou- 

iing your Greens and other tender Plants in Winter 5 for which pur-' 

pofe it ought to have a Stove, or raifed Hearths in feveral places 

that with a fmall Fire you may gently attemper the Air in "time of 

Alfo in this Nurcery there fliould be always kept a 

hard Frofts 

provifion of Dung of feveral forts 





and Sheep, Pigeons and Poultrey, eachofthefe laid feverally on 
heaps, the four firft mixed with Lime, and all of them covered with 
Earth, to putrifie and rot, that they maybe ready to fift, and fupply 
the jF lower-garden oh all occafions : for if your Ground be hot and 
fandy, Neats dung with Lime is the beft t, if cold and inclining to 
day, that of Horfes,Pigeons or Poultry is good to help it -, for Frnit- 
trees Hogs dijng well rotted is good, efpecially in hot Grounds • 
GiUiflomrs Sheeps dung, for AurhuU Neats dung fifted, with li..._ 
If arth in it ^old Wood-pile earth and Wilbw earth are both good for 
tender Plants th^t will not endure Dung, Thefe feveral Compofts 
being had in readinefs,and applied with difcretion,all the noble Plants 
and Flowers,whofe Defcriptions heieafter follow, by the Rules there 
fet down may be increafed, prefer ved^and kept in their beft Pcrfedion 

ip ^ 

w , 

The convenience of Water to thefc Gardens is very confiderable ' 
and if it be to be drawn or pumped out of a Well, a Ciftern is necef- 
fary, which filled, and let ftand in the Sun two or three days will be 
fit to water any young or tender Plant whatfoever; for which pur 

pofe you fliould have three Watering-pots 

fliion of Tin or white Iron, wii^h a Head full of fmall holes 

of the ordinary fa 






third of Earth with 

and many fmall iioles in the bottom : the firft 

Plants in Somer ^ the fecond to water Pots with rank water, where- 

Poultrey hath been imbibed, that 

nd other hoM^tdi Plants, 

he dang of Sheep, Pi^ 
may be put to the Roots ofGilMs 


without wetting or ftaining the Leaves or Branches 5 the third bein^* 
put into water will fill from the bottom, which will ftay m fo Ion? 
as you ftop out the air with your Thumb at the topj this fitly ferve^h 
to water young and tender Seedlings of Auricula, md fuch like 
without waOiing the 'Earth from them ^ for by the motion Of youf 
Thumb you may caGfe the water to fall gently upon thetn. more or 


you fliall deO 

It IS alfo neceifaiy to have a fmall Pamp, 
cither ot Wood ot white Iron, about a yard long^ with a Sucker and 
Sweep hke ordinary Pump«, Ondy the lower end, and alfo the hole 
m ilie end of the Pipe from whence the water iiTueth^ if made of 





'Book I 



Wood are to'be covered with Plates full of holes: with this Pump^ 
beins put int6 a Pail or Cowl of water, you may foon water a who e 
Garden . but the chiefeft ufe of it Is, to eje^, water up intQ Wall- 
trees to wa(h away Mill-de^'S, Caterpillars and other noifom ver* 
min, as alf^ to caufe the Fruits in hot and dry feafons to beiairer, 
^nd to ripen much the better; 

,■ , •■ • ' 

. Andjiow; becaufe laying of Branches , planting by Cuttmgs 
Budding, and the Hot Bed, are oftenmcntioned in the following Di 
.reaioii5s it will be neceffary, for the avoiding of Repetition, in thi 
place to inform fuch as are to learn how thefe feveral Operations ar^ 

to be performed 

And jirft for the laying oidUiflcmrs, make choice of fuohSHpi 

as are ftfortgeft and fitted to lay, prune the fides and ends of the top- 
Laves aniander the middlemoft joynt cut the ft^k ha^f through, 

andfliVtbe fame upwards to the next joynt •, make a hole m th^ 

e" rth fomethmg wide, and gently bend it down thereinto wuh a 

fmalliooked fti?k to keep it from rifmg, then turn up the head o£ 

he %tL the flitma/open; inwhichpfture Md^ °ne 

hand a-Sd earth it up with the other, prefsmg it dQwn to keep the 
X ufeht , laftly water it.' . ^ow tkre are fome cood Slips that, 

eowfo fir from the ground that they cannot be kid tfoeia ; m this 

farw^ii ufe .f Lall Po. with a nit u, the o^^^^^^^^^^ 

whkW^dSy the prepared Slip into the Pot, holding it down, and 

roverin" the flit with a thin plate of .Lead provided for the purpofc* 
bend nl the UPPer end ovet the. edge o^^ the Pot to ftay it turning 
UP the Sip' and filling thePotwifh fine, rich Earth meffed dovvj, 

1 keeo it from rifinf Thefe Slips, Pots, and all otfiet Slips laid, 

Sc^&era. which wilUe thern^togn ro.^^^^ 

tr The bed time for' laying, pf <?»//{/?<'»' W is from rtie middle 

cr, 1 ne Dcii " ' / ^ _ ^ ^ ^^ beOerj provided 

fhX°st XS hS^^^^^^^^ '° -^«- n V Vl ■ 

^^ov™ In the blginniAg of ^qtemkr you may take them off with 
iTh about themf and !et the!» in Beds or Pot» fiUed With good 
Ifrth brfore prepared , place ihefe Pots in the (hade, andfome- 
^m« 2emlV wata them ■ buttike heed of too much wet, left it rot 

". r ^nal Z La fo iedioi the young P ants ; which, for pre- 

the fr«ll fibres and fodefiro^ the yo ^.^^ ^ 

raXpfflfS theVrJor:. which place not too rfear them,tli3t 
they may not waiil air. 

VJow for thefyiitg of ko^s, bAjmirtts,4rt(>>\ an^ otliet *Oody 

PU«r after dieaelto be iai(-ed 6y Layers, make choice of fuch . 

Plants, "'f^'^r^.^.^ ^r.\„ be bended te the ground, thofe 

Vr 7 ,^A A,«i m divers places aoout tne mc \ taivc 






ook I, 

hook it down, and proceed as in Gi/i/fi 

Infuch Plants 

bind the upper end of the flit very bard ivith a Pack- 
thred or Wier, which will ftop the fap, and haft en the tffed defired 5 
and fail not to put fome rank Earth about the place laved. The beft 

^time to lay 
^Augitfl^ that they may prepare for rooting'at the Spring 

indeed any other Plants, is about the middle 


yers having pafTed a year in the ground, will be ready to be taken 


ndif ybti find them vi'ell rooted it will be feafonable 

to re- 


move them -, otherwife they may ftay a year lon^ 

muft be frequently watered j which will caufe them to root 'the 

better. . ■ " • 

All Lay 




* ■ 

Cuttings are to be taken as foon as the Sap begins to rife, and cut 
Sloping from a knot or joynt,at the lower end, like a Deers foot, and 
left about a foot long -, make a deep Trench and lay them therein a 
little floping, fillthe Trench with good Earth preflTed down fome - 
thmg hard, wathin two fingers of the fmaller ends. All Plants that 
will grow, of Cut 

will root fooner being layed, but Cuttin^ 

(of fuch Plants as we have not our felves) may be had ot others, and 
in that cafe chiefly to be ufed. Thefe Cuttings m'uft be often wat^r< 
ed^ as the former. . ■ y .. 



As for Budding or Inoculating o^ RoL 

fame manner 

of Fru 

performed after th 

where among the feveralways of 

Grafting you will find ajnple dire^ion for the doing thereof 

When you are to make a Hot Bed caft all your Horfe-dung and 


Litter on a: heap 




where you intend 

lefs, according to vour ftore 

Stabki that is of a fortnights 

then in the pi 

knock id four Stakes, which muft be 

fo that 

left a yard at leaft above ground, place them at the 

the hQd may be four foot broad, and of what length you pleafe "then 
lay the Horfe-dung with the wet Litter betwixt the Stakes fuitablv 

fhort dung in one place than 
foot high,, which tread down hard 

you have rais'd 

place be fofter than another 


hen in the fame manner raife 


loorhigher which tread down as the former, and fo proceed unti 
you have raifed the Bed a full yard Kioh dm it is hard trodden 

which done, knock in more Stakes about 

beat up the fides clofe 

?.'^'^ T^?. ^ ^ abour With large ropes of Hay, or long Litter 

wreaths above the d 

Bed, or of the bcft in your Kitchm-garde 

your-Bed four inches thick 5 arch it over 

th Mats, Hair-cloth, or Canvas 

then take fome of the Earth of 


four or five day 


', and fift it, which lay 

with fmall Poles, and ( 

which will caufe it to h 

Id hot 

fow your Seeds, and cover the Bed 

give it air and when the violent heat 

find the Bed over hot 

the covering untiil the heat 


Earth you may find.ivhether too hot or cold 

igain •, thenexEday, if you 
if too cold, caft fome Straw 
hich by thrufting your fin^ 

and by 

tills means by airing and covering you may keep the Bed'in a conft 

5 . ^ 




temper, which (l^ould be warm rather than hot,' Whea the Seeds 
come up, give them air to dry the moiftare raifed by the heat of the 
Bed 5 and for your choiceft Seeds, cover them from the Sun with 
Glarfes raifed to give them air, and fome part of the day take them 
off, to acijnaint the young Seedlings with the Sun by degrees, which 
grown ftrong, take up and plant in rich Earth in your Garden, but 
keep them from the mid-day Sun until! they are wellfetled in their 
new lodging. ... 

We fliall now give you rome Draughts for Gardens, and then pro* 
ceed to acquaint you with our Plants and Flowers, 









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HE Sayxtree among the GreefJs for many fpeciat pr 
perties may challenge Priority 

and therefor 

begin with fome noble kinds thereof^ omitting that 
common Bay wherewith all are Co well acquaintedj and 
fix that ever freih and flouriihins Fruit- bearer in the 

front of our Fiorilesje, called 



He Bay-cberry is aftately ever green Tree, growing in fpme 
places ten or twelve foot high, but raoft commonly in a phick 
Buh full of boughs and branches, covered in the oldwith a gray, and 
in the young, green bark •, plentifully adorned with thick, bright 
fliining green leaves, and many long ftalks fet with whit ifb flowers, 
which are fucceeded by fmall Cherries^ black when ripe, with ftones 
like to the common Chmies:i\\t aptnefs of this to be increafed hath 
made it common, and therefore feldom admitted into curious Flow* 
er-g.ird€ns y yet it may be a fit ornament for Court-walls, and thofe 
on the North fide of the /'a-/^;/-^W^/?, 

' Laiirns Turn, 





THe Wil^e Bay being fpread upon a Wall will be five or Cvi foot 
high, and full of branches, bearing at every joynttwo leaves^ 
which are fmooth, fomething long, and of a dark green colour : aE 
thetops of the branches come forth great tufts of fmall white flow- 
ers, with blufli edges, fometimes Succeeded by fmall blew berries, 
wherein the ked is contained. There is another of this kind called 
Laurus TinrnffiUo gUhs^ that differeth onely in that the leaves are 
larger, ^nd of a brighter green colour* 



He Wilde Bay of Portugal differeth from the laft, ia that the 

harder, fuller of 

and of a brovvuer 

and the flowers a little inclining to purple 
the former, but fmaller. 

the berries like thofe of 







<- ■ 

He Rofe Bay-trdei^o^ i\yo forts, the one bearing red flowers,' 
and the (5ther white, in no other refped differing : the ftemrae 
troweth to the bignefs of a Mans Thumb, di\nded into three bran- 
ches, bearing at every joyiit, long, hard, thick, dark, green leaves j 

at the ends of the branches come forth the flowers, which are of a 







(ieepbludi colour in the one, and white in the other, confifting of 

four long narrow 
ti^ithout bringing feeds 

round -pointed leaves, which with us fall away 

tauru^s Indica. 

*^'Hq Indian ^^y with us thrives flowly^ and is feldom found above 
-» four toot high : it groweth in a thick bufi^j the branches covers 
ed with a yellowifli green bark, thick fet with leaves,- which are be- 
twixt tbofe of the cherry-Bay and the common kind, fomething re- 
fcmblingthofeofthe Cytrcn-tree : the flowers grow in a long Ipike 
ofaoreeni(h white colour, fucceeded by berries like fmall olives. 
This fine Plant is a Granger in BngUrJ^ and (though an Indian^ yet) 
if defended from Profts in Winter, will laft many years, andmaybe 

increafed by Layers. : . 


Having now fet down fo naahy i^ys as we think fit for this place, 

•we will conclude with two other Greens^ which in their beautiful 
ftill-grten leaves much refemble the'ni ^ for fliould we follow the 
method ofani/cT^^/, and place, every kind in a particular chapter^ 
we (hould not fo well inform fuch as defire to be Florifts, either in 
the choice of, and manner how, to order, plant and difpofe every 
particular, which is.a knowledge chiefly to be inquired and learned 
by all bgenious lovers of thefe delights. . _. . . 

J. ^ 

, Mah Jrajitla, 


He orenfe-tree confidered as it groweth with us, may more fitly 
be placed among the Grf^;?^ than with t^Q Fruits -^ for that all 
the benefit it affordeth us, confifteth in the beauty of the ever-green 
leaves and fweet-fmelling flowers, the fruit in our cold Counrrey ne- 
ver coming to maturity. ^ Orenge-trees in Sfain and other hot Coun- 
tries grow to tall andjair trees, but with us feem no other than 
fhrubs, -The bark of the elder boughs is brown, and the younger 
green with fome thorns ^ the leaves are large, and of a frefh fliining 

green colour, twining a little like thofe of /w. With many fmall 
holes in them, ofaftrong fweet fent, and never falling untillnew 
thruft them off-, the flowers arc of a whitifli colour, and very fweet, 
fucceeded by fmall round green fruit, which in time groweth to be 
fomething large, and of a yellowifli red colour, as every one know- 
cth 5 for although the Tree be rare and ftrange to many, the Fruit is 
common and well known unto all. *i ' 



He Straveherrytree groweth flowly, feldom rifing to more tha 
two yards. high in /re/^ Wits proper Countrey, but with us no 

all*, the body hath a rough, and the branches a fmooth, bark 
the leaves are alteraately green like the Bays^ finely purled about th 
edges, long and round pointed 5 the flowers grow on the ends 



Clhix IL 


the benches with long flalks, which are fmall little white bottles; 
liketiiofe of the Liljofthe valley, fucceeded by red berries when 



like to Sirdwherries, ofaharlb tafte, containing many fnialJ 


The c^f/-rv-5rf^ flowereth in ^^^, and the fruit is.ripe in Sefi 


The wUde Bay flowercth in W 

bat in March and JPril 

reateft beauty,. The Kofe Bay and the Indian feldom Row 

er before ^'uty. The two Wtlde Bay 
ther from Suckers or L 

dy arid eafily raiCed 

)fe Bays and Oreng 


tender, and muft be planted in ftrong Cafes to be houfed iii 

]fe Bay is at>t to yield Suckers, by which it is increa- 

fed, as the Indian Bay by layifig down the branches: 

The Orenz^'trcc is in its greatefi beauty in the Spring,^ in refpelt 
ofthefweetlaowers, younger and elder fruits, with g ' 
leaves wherewith this bufie Plant is at one time (and - 


ivherewitn tnis ouiie i^ianc ib at one luuc \>i.n^ au a^* Liiuw>7, 
eeable Climate) plentifully furnifhed. Young Plants may 
u„ r„^^:„rr r\,^Vf>rryfAe m u^.tvrU in rirh F.nrth in Cafes, to 

beraifed by fetting the Kernels in March in rich Earth in Cafes 

be houfed in Winter, for they will not endure one nights frpft j 
may be grafted in the bud, or by approch With fome more 








The Strawhrry 

eateft glory In oBoher and Novem 

bcr^ when the berries are ripe, which mixing with tlie fine green 
leaves are a delightful objed. Young Plants are comi?ionly raif^d 
from Seeds, and fomeby Layers, but it will be long before they root, 
and when removed the Earth muft be taken with them, and carefully 

planted, for they are mce in tb 

but elder Plants very 

hardy, and will profper under any warm W all, and laft many year 



- *■ 




HE MjrtU 

by the care of the Curious thai! 

delight in things that are fo, may be preferved 

our?old Countrey, although it be tcndpr and im.- 
patient of our long frofty Winters. In hot Coun^ 
tries theie arc iHany more diverfities of this Plant 

we fliall mention 

trouble our felves with 

___^_- all • for indeed fuch tender things put us to more 

nains in their prcfervation, than they afford uS pleaCure in the enjoy- 
pains in ucu ^ _ ' ,• ^ than a del sht : we will therefore 

beins rather a vexation than^a deli 

mpnt bens rather a vexauuu lu^xx ^ ^^..p..^> --^ - 

"l^e'd^ice^of fuch, th« by folernn -.tana^y a^^^^^^^ 



ouchfafi^ to live with 

he reft to the Poets to grace the Ely 
Bowers to Hwdc the Fa^hian £u 







and firft of that bell 




A. 'Book I. 


Myrtii^ Latifolia. 


T He Broaii'leafed Myrtle grovfeth in a thick bufh, fometimes four 
or five foot high, full of branches fet with fine bright-lhining, 
fweet and ever-green leaves, fomewhat broad and long 5 at the 
joynts of the branches come forth the flowers, connpofed of fine 
fmall white leaves, with fome white threds in the middle, and very 
fweet 5 the roots confifting of many ftrings and fibres, as all Trees, 
Shrubs' and Wqod-plants do. 

Myrtm ininere folio, 

THe Leffcr-leafed Myrtle groweth like the former, bitt not fo 
high 5 the leaves are thicker on the branches, and fmaller point- 
ed at the ends, like them, but of a deeper green colour, ia other 
refpcfts little differing, 

My tins rottmdtore folio . ' 

THe B&X'leafed Myrtle differeth onely from the latf defcribed, in 
that the leaves ot this are round-pointed, like unto the leaves of 
£0X in all other parts agreeing. There is another narrow- leafed 
Myrtle with fmall fharp-pointcd leaves and branches ered:, for 
which it is called the upright Myrtle^ and we have another with nar- 
row leaves thick fet with clole-compa(5ted branches, whence cal- 
led the Birds -nefi Myrtle, 

Myrtm latifoUa flon plena, 

Ut double- flomred Myrtle in the manner of growing and green 

leaves is like unto the firft defcribed, onely as it is more tender, 
it groweth neither fo large nor tall 5 the chiefeft difference is in the 
flowers, which in this are white like thofe of the other, but very thick 
and double, and of a delicate fweet fent. 

Myrtus Soetica latifolia. 


THe ^reat Sfanijh or Laurel- leafed Myrtle is bigger in all the parts 
than anyot the former ^ it rifeth to the height of a Man, a^id 
the leaves are hke thofe of the My^ but of a whiter green colour^ 
fet in a double row on both fides the branches, fweet in fent, and in 
flowers and fruit little differing from the firft defcribed. 

Thefe are the varieties of Myrtles preferved in Cafes by our bed 
llorijfsj and diligently houfed in Winter, yet the laft is more hardy, 
and with any care will endure (planted at large) the violence of Win- 
ter, We fhall now fubjoyn two other fine Greens^ and fo conclude 
fhis Chapter, 




Cclftm'inum Indk urn jl av um odoratij^imtwt. 


Tli^ f^v s el j 5 hw Indian ^Afntine is a \}tiwi\.^.\i\ G r e e n ^ and rifeth 
. with us about two foot high, dividing into branches, covered 
with a purplifli coloured Bark, adorned with many fair fliining, dark, 
ever-green leaves, in faihion like thofeof the Pomc^ranue^ but lon- 
ger and broader -, the flowers are like in form to tliofe of the com- 

mon white f^^/';^/;?^?, but bigger, of a fair yellow colour and fweet 
fent •, in their natural Countreyfucceeded by fruits like fmall olives 
which with us flowering late never arrive to any perfcdion. 

P ■ ' ' ' . * 

^ V ' . • »' I 

THe FarfegatedoY liriped PhjUirea is the moft beautiful of all thi 
kinds,' and therefore in this place to be defcribed as deferving \ 
Cafe, andtofland among the faireft Grecffs : .for the other fort 
(fit onely to form ever-green Hedges) you will, find in the endof th 


^ U/CtZ/J lliuiv. VUi^ 

This fine plant rifeth (if fuf- 

fcred)tothe height of a Man, thick fetwith fmall branches, and 
thofe vvith fmall ev^er.-green leaves conftantly edged and flriped wit^ 
white , and may by the Shears be fafliioned into what form yovi 


J t J 

* * .- .' . 'I' 

The My riles bloffom about the middle o^AuguJi^ and continue 

flowering commonly untill the middle of December ': the IndUjt. 
yellorv ^afmine flowers about the fame time 5 and the (InfedphyUi- 
rf^jWhofe glory confifl:s in the variegated ever-green leaves, is at all 
times a choice objed of delight, and hardy enough to be planted at 
large, where a Httle defended from Snows and Frofls, it will endure 
the Winter as well as the more ordinary kinds. 

All thefe Plants are commonly fet irfCafes, and with Orenges and 
tender Plants houfed in Winter, and increafedby Layers after the. 
manner before direded. Thebefl time to tranfplant the more har- 
dy kinds of Greens is about, the Tenth of March, and for the m'ore 
tender to be fet in Cafes toward the end oi April- the Barthyoufet: 
them in mufl be frefli, and fucb.that hath long lain on an heap well 
niiied with good old Neats dung, often turned and well mixed un- 
till throughly rotted 5 but before this Earth beput into the Cafes, 
it mufi be skreened or lifted, and ago6d quantity offliort flicks of 
oUr, Withy ^ 01: any other foft wood, elfe broken bricks, pebble- 
ftones, andfuch like rubbifli, laid in the bottom of the Chafes to 
draw away fuperfluous moifture and prevent clogging, which would 

rot the fmaller fibres, and fpoil the Plants, it not deflroy 
Small flicks alfo cut fliort muft in fome quantity be mingled with 
Earths wherewith fill the Cafes within three inches.of the top 


hefe flicks will keep the Mould hollow and from clinging • which 
done, rafe or cut the bottoms of yonr Roots, and artificially fet your 
Greens and other teader Plants therein, but not too deep by any 

E 2 








fome part 

^ook I 

Roots uncovered 


than to place them too much under ground •, as foon as they are fe 
water them, and keep them (helter'd from Wm J and Sun untill they 
have taken root 5 after a fortnight you may by degrees acquaint them 
with the Air, and when you ind tbey have gotten ftrength, fet them 
abroad The fame order is tobeufed withfuch Layers as you (hall 

rake ofFto plant in Cafes in Augttfl 

Commit your Cafes 

Orenges^ Myrtles^ and other tender 

Plants, betimes, before the firft Frofts, to their Winter-quar 
the Confervatory, but Qrut them not up in the day-time efpecially 

unlefs conftrained by T 

Frofts, which lafting long, you muft 

^„ fairer days acquaint them again with the Sun and Air by deg 
durin<^ extreme Frofts, and when Water will freeze in your Confer- 
vatory in default of Stoves or raifed Hearths^ you muft attemper 
the Air with Pans of Charcole, efpecially at night, let the Coles be 
half burnt out before the Pans be placed, and then not fet too near 

Frofts are paft, open the 

at firft. which 

the Plants. In March^ whentl ^ 

doors, and give them Sunand Air by degrees, alitth 

increafewith the Spring-, about the end oi April fet them forth, 
and waOi them clean (efpecially the Greens) with a Watering-pot 
from duft and cobwebs 5 and you muft not forget while they 

the houfe 

them gently, efpecially 

Noi^emher^ and wift 

lon|Frofts, but let not the water touch the Leaves of any of the 
Greens, and chufe rather to givehoufed Plants too little water than 
too much. * As foon as the Heats begin, cover the Earth in the Ca- 
fes fome confiderable thicknefs with Mofs, it will keep the Earth 

moift and from 

and water them as you find caufe 


Spring and Autumn^ that is, a little before you fet forth 
plants, and before you houfe them, you muft take fome of the 
Earth out of the Cafes, and open the reft with a Fork or other fit 
tool nothurtins the roots of the Plants, and fill them up 

parts Dun 


ed and preferved for that 

with rank Earth, two 

and fuch like purpofes 

thefearetheRulesobfervedby Ux.^ehn Refe^ the ingenious 
Keeper of the Garden at Ejfex -houfe in the Strand^ where is now to 
be feen under his regiment amoft noble Colle^ftion of the choiceft 
Greens z.n<^ rareft Shrubs that are planted in Cafes, in a moft healthy 
and flourifliing condition. ' . 











Florcntium Arhujculcirum. 
F Flower-bearinf? Trees and Shrubs, which fall the 

leaves in W 

and renew them 


many kinds 



this place we 

rareftj and fuch onely as are fitted to fur- 
^^^^^^^^^ fli our FlorotT' garden^ and leave therefl tobeaucifie 
the end ot our Book. And tirft of the biggcft and befl known, 

Ccmfiti flore pleno, 

W B 

He double- flowered Cherry is in all parts thereof like unto the 
comraoii Bnglifli cherrytrec^ the onely difference Is in the flow- 
..„, which of this are large, thick and double^ of a pure white co- 
lour, and many growing together, which, fall awa^ without bearing 

defc(5t by the multitude of fair double flow 




wherewith it is yearly adorned 

There is another deftbU-bU(fom*d 

cherry of the kind of the common f mull bUch cherrj^ whicn the 
French call Merffzkre^ that beareth large double flowers as big as the 
Icjfer double' white Rofe-, this is common in JFra^ce^ and doubtlefs a 
little time will make it fo in England, 


Arbor Terjtcaflore ynultl^UcL - 



T Hq double flowered Pcaeh-tree differeth in nothing from the ordi- 
nary, bvit onely in the flowers, thofe of this being double, con 


{iftin^J of'three or more rows of leaves, of a reddifli blufti colour, fel- 
domlucceeded by any fruit, the beauty of the flowers recompen- 

cing that defe(5l. 

^alaujlium, five Malt^s Tunica fdvcjirls. 


nrHe double'bhjfom'dmlde Pome^ranate-trce is the rareft of all the 

flowerinST Trees and Shrubs, it pruned up 

feven foot 

hi^h, otherwife, in a thick buQifulI of rmalf branches, with fome 
thorns thereon, and many fmall fliining green leaves^ which fall 


and are renewed late in the Sprin 

the fides and 

ofthebranchescomeforth many hard, hollow, reddifb, or Coral- 
coloured cups, andoutofthemmoft beautiful flowers, as big and 
double as the largcfl: and thickeft Province-rofe^ and of an excellent 

rolour There is another of this kind with double 

leffer m all the parts thereof, 

leaves of a fadder 

bright crimfon 

flowers, that is . 

<Treen and the flowers more indmmg to the colour ot an Orenge : 

alfo hear of another, with double ftriped flowers, which is yet a fti 

'^^ ' 








-, ' 



'Book I 


Syrlnga^ five Gdjlminum Arahkum 

tUtdcuble white Fipe-treeor. ^afmim of Arabia is a rare and ten- 
der Shrub, much defired by all Florifls : it hath divers long, 
(lender, ftiff, woody branches, whereon grow mariy fair large leaves, 
fomething refembling thofe of the common white Syringd , but 
fmoqther, larger, eavcn at the edges, and of a frefh green Colour, 
two {landing at every joyat one againft the other j and at each joync 


the ends of the branches come forth 

flowers, (landing on feveral foot-ftalks, each in a hofe, like thofe of 
the common white ^afmine^ containing iair double flowers, confiding 
of two, and fometimes three, rows of round-pointed white leaves, 
each row containing five or fix leaves : the middleof the flower is 
hollow and fomething yellow, of a ftrong fweet fent, like unto that 
of Or^/?^(? flowers. 


Sjr'mga hdnlatk jol'iis^five Gdjimlmon Terjleunu 

TBchlue Spinga with cut leaves 3 6r Perfi^n ^afmine^ cometh up 
with many fmall woody branches^ finely decked with dainty 
green leaves, which are fmall, long, cut in, and divided alrpoft to 
the middle rib^ fome into three fmall leaves on a fide, and a larger at 
the point, others into two, and fome have but one on each fide, and 
that bigger at the end. All thefe varieties are commonly to be feen 
in the leaves of this fine Plant 5 at the end of the branches come 
forth the flowers many together, in fafliion like unto thyfe of the or- 
dinary blue s-jringaox Lylac^ but fmaller, and of a finer purplifh 
blue colour, and better fent. 

Oleajier exotic h^ 

TUtfirange wilde olive, or Tree ofParadife^ Is a fweet and beau- 
tiful Plant, and, though a great ftranger, is contented with our 
homely entertainment: it rifethup with woody flioots, of a dark 
yellowifli colour, fet with long narrow whltiQi green leaves, bearing 

along the branches divers fmall flowers, of a greenifli yellow colour, 
which (in its natural Countrey^ but fcldomwith us) are fucceeded 
by green berries like unto fmall olives^ which when they are ripe, will 
be of a reddifh colour ., the whole Plant, as well leaves as flowers, 
is of a fweet and pleafant fent. rhisout of Ferrarius, 


Cytlfii^ Maranthe, 

TT Orned Tree TrifoUe rifeth four or five foot high, the body fel- 
-*-*dom bigger than a Mans Thumb, covered with a whitifii bark, 
and the branches more white 5 the leaves (land three together, lef- 
fer, rounder and whiter, than thofe of the ordinary Lahutnum •, the 
flowers are like thofe of Broom^ of a gold yellow colour, which in 

ji/4jr come forth three or four together at the ends of the branches, 



fucceeded by crooked flat thin Cods, like Horns or Half-moon^, 
from whence called by the additions of CornicuUtiir and Lnna- 
tm 5 it is a tender Plant^ ufually fet in Cafes, and houfed with Greens 
in Winter, nottobeincreafedby Seeds or Layers, but by taking off 
feme new Slips in 'fnne^ fetting them in thediade, and keeping the 

Earth moift by frequent but gentle waterings. 



/fr»^ 3/rf^<?tt' hath woody branches covered wirh a whiti(h bark,^^ 
fet with foft woolly whitifli green leaves, in fafliion like thofe of 

the Rihs or Curran-tree ; the flowers arc large and like thofe of a 
fingle HoSy-hock, in fome of a deep reddifli or violet-purple, in others 
paler or lighter, with the bottom of a deeper purple, running into 
the leaves in fmall veins 5 and there is an uher that hath freflier green 
leaves and white flowers, with a large purple-fpOt in the bottom. 
Of this fort there is another that hath the flowers ftriped with fainc 
purple or blufh lines. 

Amomum ^llnlL 


Ree Night-lhade rifeth about a yard high, with a woody ftemm 
and many green branches fet with fmall long green leaves, fome 
thing uneaven at the edges, which fall away in Winter 5 at the joynts 
ofthe branches it puttcth forth two or three flowers together of a 
ftar-Iike form, turning back the leaves, which are white with a yel- 
low point ill in the middle, like unto thofe of the ordinary Night- 
fhade^ which falling away are fucceeded by fmall green berries, that 
in December will be of a fine red colour, like unto Httle red cherries^ 

wherein is contained fmall flat white feeds. 

Solanum fruticoja. 

, r 

He shruh Night -fhde hath a woody (lock and branches aboiit a 
yard high, of a dark brown colour, with fad green leaves ; the 
flowers are like thofe of the common Night-Jhadey in one white and 
in another of a blue colour. There is one ot this kind that hath the 
green leaves variegated with white. 



He shrub Spirda rifeth up with divers woody flalks about a yard 

high, fet with leaves like thofe of 5^///, but lelTer and nicked 

thced^es, at the topsofthefl:alks come forth divers fmall pale 

Peach-coloured flowers, thick fet together in a long fpike, leflfenin 
by degrees like a f jT^w^if 5 the root is vvoody and lalting, flowers 
Augttft, endures the Winter, and is increafed by Layers. 










^ J. !Bookl 



oedl Sn 1^>h»i futrt hatb two, three^ or more woody ftalks 
which rife about a yard high, befet atcertam diftances with 
tufts of fmali green leaves, and among them many fraall flowers 
E and a little purple in the middle , this pretty Plant floweretii 
in the end of ^?r//, endureththe Wmter, and isincreafed (as the 


former) by Lay 


Drr<trf M gtoweth in a thick buQi full of branches, in feme old 
Plants rifing three or four foot high, covered With a toughbark 

and fet with fmall whitifh round-pointed green leaves which fall 

away in Autumn ., the flowers ire fmall, confifting of four leaves, 
growing thick and dofe together on the fides of the new Shoots, 

wherewith they are on all fides covered, which m one (the mofl 


common) are ofa pale blufli colour, in another white and in a third 
of a deep Peach-colour almoft red ; thefe flowers are fweet, and may ^ 
be fmelled at diftance 5 which being paft, in their places come forth 
mafiy fmall berries, which when they are ripe are of a red colour. 

- n[ht double- flemnd cherry WitihWommAfril, and the douhle- 
flcmrtd FcJm March , the Cherry may be grafted in a^y other 
C^frrv-ftock but the beft way is to make choice of a ftock that is 
big enough to hold two grafts^which may be grafted near the ground, 

the one graft of this, and the other of the J^/^;7^r. cU^er- cherry, 

which growing up together, planted againft a wall, the branches m- 
termixcd and nailed one within the other, fo that after the double 
flowers of the one are paft, the double fruits of the other mayfuc- 
ceed will be a wonder to thofe that do not un-derftand by what 
means it is brought to pafs, conceiving both to proceed from one 
kind The dMe Peach will thrive beft, and bring forth fairer 

flowers, being fpread upon a wall, having been inoculated on an 


1\itBAUufiiumhmgn\\ forth .its beautiful flowers towards the 
endof^»f«/?-, it is a tender Plant, and muft be either fet in Boxes 
that it may be houfed in Winter, or elfc under a South wall where it 
may have the benefit of the Sun in Somer, and the roots about it co- 
vered with Peafe-ftraw or Litter to keep them warm from freezing in 
the Winter, and the branches alfo muft be thatched with Broom, or 
fome other provifion, to defend them from nipping frofty air, which 
otherwife will caufe them to die even to the ground, and many times 
never to fpring again : but thofe that are defirous to preferve this and 
other tender Plants, and have a convenient houfe to remove them 
into in Winter, then this may be fo handled, and not trufted abroad 
in the open air, lor that the trouble of houfmg and preferving ot a 
few, will be almoft as great as that of many 5 and new Plants may be 
'raifed either from Suckers, which it i^apt t^ yield, or by laying 
downtime branches, ^^^ 


Chap. Ill 



■ t^^dotihlcvehite Syh^i'^ or Arabian f a fmlne^ brings forth its 
fair odorous flowers from the beginning of Ma^ untill the eud of Sep- 
tember •, it is a great ftranger in EngUnd^ and very apt to leave us 
Upon the leafl: diflike 5 therefore thofe that defire to entertain fo cu- 
rious and. nice a.gUeft, muft: afor.d it warm lodging in the Vyinter> 
and dihgent attendance in the Spdng^ . when firft it comes abroad j 
and then perhaps it may be'compldiienced to an accepuiice of our 
tourter countrey fare. .. • ' 'j . 


* t 

^ i The hliie, Sjringa rvhh cut leaves^ or Per fun J\t[m'ine^ flow^reth lA 
April^ and is as courteous as^theothe^is curious, it will live abroad 
in the open air planted under a wall, and yield us incteafe by laying 
down the branches, or by cuttings, being apt to root and thrive if a 
little defended from Froftsiri Winter. 



f - 

i . 

' - '. 



K A 


, The o/f^y?^/.flQwereth in May^ and is planted andincreafed in the 
fame manner as the laft mentioned, and endureth the Winter as well* 

i intend that defcribed by Ferrarim^ and not that kind common 

with us,' which wanteth the properties faidtd belong to this noble 
Plant* - QT ''. 

r ' 




The Shruh-Mallorvs (hew 'their flowers commonly in Augafi^ 
fometimes later 5 they are render, vmd muft be planted under a wall, 
anci defended in Winter : the ufuil way to raife them is by laying 
down the branches in the Earth, and fometimes from the feeds gain- 
ed out of hotter Countreys, for ours feldom bring any to perfedtion : 
they may be grafted the Aproach-way one upon another, fo tHac 
from o ne roo i you may have all the forementioned varieties. 

i \ 

Tree Nigk-fiade is a.Plan: well knbvVn, and chiefly refpedled for 
the beauty of the red berries^ which will, abide on the branches id 
Winter, at which time ft anding among ii/yr//q and other (7/^^;?/, it 
niaketh a fine fhew : .it is raifed by fowing the feeds in ^farc^y which 
are apt to come up and grow, efpecially if they be fowed in a Pot of 
good Earth, and lioufed in the Winter. 



J iiQ shrub Nigh '{l)adek\n flow^er toward the end o^ Mdj, aiM 
increired by Laybs. ■- 

T ■ 

The bloffoms of the Miz>erions begin to appear in the end of ^a-' 
nuaryf and ufually continue flowering untill the beginning of April 5 
they are hardy, and will grow any where ^ the way to raife them is 
by fowing the berries as foon as they are ripe, which will be about 
the middle of S'^///; •, they will lye long in the ground before they 
comeup,* therefore are ufually fowed in fome large Box filled withf 
good Earth, and fet in fome place out of the way, where it will need 
no other attendance than onely weeding •, the fecond Spring after th» 
fowing and not before, they will come up ; they i^^hich have ni^h 

ftood a year or two, may b^ removed according to the pleafurd of the 

^ ^ CHAP. 













I u 

Jt#/i-ff^*fS of divers excellent kiftds, not known 
to former Ages, wherewith our Er^Iiih Gardens are 
now graced, 2nd here in tMs place to be handled, to 


gether with our old ftore, which for many refpe(fls 
are not to be neglected y and firfl we will begin with 

ihe red R^fe of England^ the fBofe common and bed known of all 

others, and in Older proceed to the reft, 




^TpHe MngUfh red Mofe^ wherewith all perfons are fo well acquaint- 

ed;, that h needeth no defcrip 

have obferved fome 

jiety therein, the flowers of fome £o be of a far deeper Red than thofc 
of others, and others tp be much doubler and thicker of leaves than 
the common kind, whereof I have one that is of a deep red colour, 
and as thick and dpuble as any Mofe whatfoever : and of late we have 
found another of this kind, with ftriped beautiful flowers, thence 


^(dfa mundi. 

He Roje of rhe mPrld In all the parts difTerech not from this ordi- 
nary r^^ifd/if, but onely ift the colour of the flowers, which in 

this are for the m^oft part of a pale blufti colour^ diver fly fpotted 

marked and fl:rip£d, tbrougknit every leaf of the doitble flower, wit 
the fame red colour which is in the ordinary red Rofe^ fo that it is the 
mofl beautiful to behold of all the ftriped Or 'variegated R^fes we yec 

bave feen j the fcent, as the form of the flowers, is like unto tjiat of 


the comrtlon red M^fe, 


f^fffa Huftgarla, 

He Hungarian Rofe^ for the manner of growing is like the com 

men red kefi 

that they arc of a paler red 

ly the Shoots are green ^ the flowers differ 

with many faint fpots fpread 

the leaves of the double flower, which in ftiape and fcent is like 

the ordinary f(r^ /jtf/? 5 this is of fmall beauty, and oncly received by 
J'/tf?'ij?f for a variety. 

%o[aTroVtnclalis floreruhro, 

^He TidFrMnce Rofe hath branches and leaves much like unto 

^ thofe of the common red Rofe^i bigger and greener^the flowers 

2Xt large, thick and double, Spreading very broad, and laid open, of a 

paler red cobur and fweeter icent than the Ordinary rr//iZ^/c j of this 

kind I have one whofe flowcr$ are conftantly fpotted and marbled 

- Rof4 

with deeper and paler red. 

Chap. IK 




^fi Belgicct^fin -okreciyflore ruhro'. 

< r 

TWcred Betgick Ro[c\'=>lnh:2.i\c\iQi and leaves very like unto th& 
common r ed kofe., but much Ciller ; the flowers are exceeding 
thick and doable, fulloffmall leaves in the middle, and bigger on 
the outfides of the flowers, which when it is full-blown will turn to- 
wards the flalk •, the whole flower is of a. fine deep red colour, and 
iiiferiour to no Rofe of one colour whatfoever ; the fenc is hke to that 
of tjfie common red Rofe .- thi< by fdme is called the Duke of Rgwdhs 
JRoje^ as growing plentifully in his Garden. By our unlearned Flo-: 
rijls and Nurcery-menj the Vitriol Rofe^ the AfrtcAn Rofe^xXxt Mari- 
gold Rofc^ are all orie thing. 

ubrd htmilisl 


•TpHe divjirf red Rofe ^ by fdme called the Gillijlower Rofe^ groweth 
^ low, and never rifeth fo high as the ordinary red Rofe ; like unto 
it, but with fewer thorns : the flowers are but fmall, yet thick and 
double,' which in the bud bef6re they open {land round and eaven,' 
as if they had been dipt off with a pair of Cifers^ but when they are 
fully blown, are fine round ^i?//^/^ iJ^p/, ofapleafant CamatiorJ c6^ 
lour, and of the fpnt of the ordinary red Rofe, 


%oj.i holoferlca multiple^l 


He doulfle Vel'vct Rofe hath the young Shoots of a fad reddiill 
green colour, with few or no thorns thereon 3 the leaves are lik 


thofe of the common red Rofe^ but of fome what a fadder green j the 
flowers contain two or three rows of leaves, which are of a dark red 
Velvet colour, with fome marks ofa lighter red in them, and many 
yellow thrcds in the middle : this feldom beareth, any ftore o^RofesJ 
neither hath it any better fent than the ordinary red Rofe, 

THe mdrbUd Rofe in the manner of growing doth much' refemble 
the Fehct Roft^ the greateft difference is in the flowers, iot 
thofe of this are larger, very double, and of a light red colour, mar- 
bled, veined^artd marked with a deeper and lighter bluifh gray-de 

line, very variably, fo 

and fome fadder anif 

more inclining to purple, fo that many times all thefe diverfities on 
one bufli are to be feen blown together j fbr it is a plentiful bearer, 
and, befides the beauty of the Rofes, the fent is very good, like,- buc 
better than tliaf of the red Provinee Rofe, 

' 9^a fihe j^lnU , 



, t 

THe Rofe without thorns^ Or the Virgin Rofe^ is in flioots and leave^f 
\\k.t \xxiioi\it marbled Rofe ^ but greener and fmootber, without 

F 2 any 

^ -r 





"Book I 

any thorns at all 5 the flowers are hot fb thick and double, fpread 
their leaves and ftandin<^ forward from each other, of a pale red 


th part of them on the faces of a pale blufb, and the backfides 

of every leaf wholly of whitifb pale 

fo that ttie Refes when 

they come well (for f9metimes they will feem as blafted) are fak and 

.very fweet 

^fii Francofurtoijl- 

He Frdnvford Kofe hath ftrong reddiflr fhoots full of thorns, with 
large thick whitiih green leaves, the button under the Rofe being 

J)igger than that of any other 5 rjie flowers are thick and double, 
many times breaking in the bud, and feldom opening feir pr fp'read- 
ihg their leaves fmootTi, but curled and cmmpled, of a bluifti red cor 
lour and fweet fent, like (but ftronger) to that of the red Kofe, 

^fa Cinnamomiai 

^ipHe ch^^mon Rofe^ as e^ery one knowetji, (it being as common 

A as the firft ordinary red Rofe) rifeth up with tall red flroots, bearT: 

Ing in il/rf) many fpfjall deuhl^ Rofes, of a pale red colour and faint 

fent, a little liKe unto that of cimamoft^ from Whence it took the 



1 -" 

Thefeare all the kinds of r^^ iJi?/'^/ that hitherto have come to 
our knowledge^ and now we (ball proceed to the varieties o^Damofk 
or paler-coloured Ro[es^ proper to be handled in the next place^ 

^fa J)amafcena vulgaris. 

THc comin&n Damask -?''/<5 although ft be not Co anciei^ an inha- 
bitant of Eriglmd 2iS the common red Rofe^ yet It is as well 
iaown, and'gll the pjirts thereof, fo that it needeth no further dc- 
fcrip tion .■ 



^ofa "Damajcena ^erftcdor, 

THtfarty-coUured Damask Rofe^ or (as it was com monly called) 
Tork dnd Lar^cafier^ difiereth onelv frpnj the ordinary jp^ma^k 
'Rofe^ in that the flowers are parted and marked, fonpetimes half the 
£ower, and fometlmes in fome of the leaves, with a pale blufh aJ- 
iTioft white upon the I>4mafkRofe colour, from which in no other 

thing it differeth, * 

5^0/4 Cryjiallina, 

He Cr J ft All Refe is in all parts thereof like unto the hfl:,the onelv- 
difference is in the marking of the flowers, which in this are mucn 
fairer and better than in thofe of the other, being ufually ftriped, 
fpotted, and marked with pale white upon the Damask Reje colour, 

not differing in fent or other refpc^s 

throudrout every leaf thereof 
from tne two former. 



Chaj^.iy. F LO (^Jt 


^fa Vamjcem -jarkgdU ele^mitior* 

THe eUgant ^drkgdtcd Damas'i: Fofe is romething like the lad dc- 
fcribed, oaely the (lioots are fliorter and redder, and the leaves 
fmaller tiie flowers fomething doubler, and often better marked 
than either of the former : this is by feme called Mrs. Hearts Rofe, 

- H 



r k 

•■ . ' I • ■. ; ' ' 

THe Damask Provin(c Rofe hatli longer flioots and leaves tlun any 
of the former, and of a reddifli green colour -, the Rofes are fome- 
what of a deeper blijfli colour than thofe of the ordiiury Damask, but 

three time? as large, thick, and double, as all know that have any 
acquaintance with flowers, being now top common 5 but were it as 
fcjirce and hard tobe obtained as fome others are, it Would be of as 
jnuch efteem as any whatfoever, the ^^/^5 being very fair, and the 

fen t good 

(^oft jni:H falls 

THe m6ne\hU Rofe is in all the parts thereof very like unto the, 
Damask Rofe • it is faid that in Mj -it beareth fevenmoneths 
in the year, but I could never find or hear of any truth that it ever 
bore flowers in 5;?^/^^ above three, that was, in ?«;?^ about the 
middle of ^«^«y?, and towards the end of ^epff^w^fr^ theiJ^/aare 
very like the Damof k^hnt fomething more double, and not all things 

fo fvveet. 

^ ■ 

^fa l^elgicdyfm ^i^itrea^ {lore ruhiante. 

nc yiufh $clgick ^gje hath bigger branches and fuller of thorns, 
- than any ofthe former, the green leaves thicker, ftifter, and of a 
whitiih green colour, the flowersgrow many together on the ends of 
the branches, which are about the bignefs of the ordinary Dam^k 
R&fe but very thick and double, and ofa fine pleafant pale blufh co- 
lour and fweet fent : this is the greateft bearer of all the Rofes, and 
the diftilled water thereof is almoftas good as that oi the Damask f_ 
fome call it the jphke rrovme Sofe, ^nd fome the Smvick Rofe. 


And thefe are the diverfities ofthe mmaik ox paler-coloured i?^ 
. we Qiall now proceed unto the yellow R»fes, and fet ctown lucb 
ciiverfities of them as are come to our knowledge. 

(S^oja luteajtmplex. 

He (lt?-^ie fellow iofe gfoweth as high as the tfamask, the young 
-. {^QOis^e full of fmaU bauT prickles, and of a dark reddifli co- 
lour • the leaves are fmallaod the flowers fogle, containing but five 
leaves of a pale yellow colour : it is but a wUde iJ^/f, and oQely en-. 

tained in Gai'dcn^iQt variety 





!Bwk I 


{^oja Aujlrlaca flore j^hcenicio. 


and although this Eofe 

Hq [car let ^ofe of J u fir i a is ih all the J3arts thereof like iihto th 
lafl: defcribed, the chiefeft difference is in the colour of the flow- 
ers, which in this on the infide of the leaves is of a fine fear let, and 
on the outfide of a pale brimftone colour . 
be but fingle like the former, yet in refped: of the colour fo different 

from all other Bofesy it is eftcemed by all lovers of flowers, 

^Jaluteaflore pkno. 


with a great thrum in the middle, but 


double ye/Uw 'Bofe in the manner of growing doth fomething 
refemblethe fingle kind -, the flioots are fmall iUid not fored, 
the leaves are rather fmaller, and of a pale yello\\i(b green colour 5 
the flowers, when they come fair, (as they feldom do) are very thick 
and double, containing a multitude of fmall pale yellow leaves, often 

when it Cometh well it hath 
no thrum at alJ, but the leaves 'are folded in the middle like unto 
thofe of the Damask Province to[e : the fent is not confiderable, its 
glory confiding in the form and colour onely-/ * 


- Thefeareall the varieties of jf^^^fl?. Bofes that as yet are come to 
our knowledge, and now in the next place we vi^ill take a view of the 
diverfitics of white l ofes^ beginning with the moft Common. 



%oja alhanjulgaris, 

*T^He common white Rofe is fo well known unto all perfons, that It 
A needeth no defcripnon 5 there are two forts of ordinary white /?<?- 
feSj the one much doublcr and fairer than the other, the beft kind 
bearethfine double pure white B of es, and fetteth off others very 
well, fo that although it be common, yet we may afford room tor 
one bulh among the reft to increafe the number of varieties 



(I(ofa i 


nrUe hlufh Rofe differeth in nothing from the ordinary «?/^//^ Bofe. 
■«■ but onely m the colour of the flowers, for thofe of this are at the 

ftft opening of a fine pleafant blufli colour, which after grow fome- 

thing whiter, in all other refpedls agreeing with the former. 


%ofa mofchata fJore plmo, 


He iiou^le Mmk Rofe rifeth very high with many green branch 

and dark green ftiining 

armed with great fliarp fhor 

the flowers come forth on loog foot-ftalks at the ends of thebr 

ches, many together in a tuft, mofl of them flowering _. 
being fmalj whicifli or Cream-coloured Befes^ not very double the 


£ift row of leaves being much bigg-er than tJhe reft. 




Chap. IK 

and ftandloofly, not forming To fair a double flower as the ordlnary 
Tvhite Rofc, There is another of this kind that beareth fingle Rofes^ 
of much leifer efteem than this •, the flowers of both are chiefly valu- 
ed; for their fceri-t, which is fweet like untbMusk,' from vv he ncr they 
took the riame: conimottly they Bower in ^;#^«/, 4fter all Otheri 

arc paftj h&t their ufual tinie is in Seftimkr* 

1 .. .'- . . 

(I(ofa Mofchata alter. 

THe itfhtr Musk Rofe of fe** called the Ddm^k Mu^k R 
of othei^ £he whiu Cimman R&fe, is in leaves and branc 
the other, bt^terowethnOtfohigh,. the leaves larger, and of 

/*5 and 
les liki 


ter green colour, the flowers bigger, whiter, and more double tbaa 
thofe of the former, but not altogether fo Tweet 5 this flowerethJ>e- 

fore tlie 6:her in theaiid of other Sefes, or prefently after them. '" 

<^J ci € itnmd jl&r € fk no , ' 


THe dmhU Dig nofc in leaves and brartches is like the leifer f»h^e 
it^/f, or wilde kind hereof 5 the flowers arc doiAle, for which k 
is efleemed, of a faint whkifti blttflKoIoUr^ and weak. 

<I{ofa fan^ernjtrens » . 


THe €ver 'green Kf>p gtj^weth hke the wilde ^ilenilm^ the leaves 
^fall not away in Winter as thofe of other kofes^ wbich property 
hath impofed the name, btu ftay on until! they are tkuft olf at the 
Spring by hew 5 the flowers ft and four or five together at the tti^ of 
the branches, which are (Ingle, containing but five leases, ^^hich 
are of a pure white colour^ and fomething in fcent refeoibling the 


9(2/4 HiJ^anka Mofch 


He spdffijh Mmi M»fi rifetb a j high as the laft, wth great gf eea 

branches, and bigger green leaves 5 the flowers are Tingle con* 
ing five large white leaves, With art eye of blufli ia themj like irt 

taining five large white 
{cent to the laft dcfcribed 

d^ofa Tomiferamajbr 


^H^gnatJpP^leltof^ hath a great iiock 3rtd maity reddiOi braii- 

1 ches 'With green fliarp thorns ; the leaves are like thofe of th'4f 
common whiu Rofe, the flowed fmall and Angle, ftanding Ofi prickly 
buttons bearded like other Eejes^ which after the flowers are tallen^ 
grow great, red, and of the fafliionofa Pear, which red berries at 

apples are the chiefcft ornamtnt of this kind, 











A, ' ^Qok I 

f- ^ iti 

(^ofa Eojentcria flore duj^tici. 



'T He dotdle £ghmine onely differeth from the common fmgle 
» -» wildekind iti that the flowers of this are double, compofed of 
two, and fometiiries three rows of leaves, ofa pretty reddifti colour, 
the fcent both of the green leaves and flowers is the fame with the 
wilde kind. 

All theft (everal forts of i?(?pj do bring forth rheir fair, fweet; 
pliafaiit, and profitable flowers in ^une^ and continue flowering all 
thatmoneth, ^and moft.partof ^w/y^ except fuchpnelywhofe time 
isexprefledintheirDefcriptions. ] 

Thebeft and moft efteended are, firft^ of the r^^ Eefes that called 

Me [a mundi^ the Veje dfth world 5 Vitrienjis^ the red Bdgtck Safe 5 
the marbled Rofe, the Rofe without thorns^ and the red Vrdvince Fofe ' 

ohhQ Damask Rofes^ the cry ftal Rofe, Mrs, Hearts Evfe, th^ hi ft jh 
Belgick Bofe, the mnethly Rofe^ and the Damask Province Rofe • 
gfu^eyellorv So fes^' the fcarlet Ah flriaft Rofe^ and x.h.e double yellov& 
Jtofe coi white Rofes^t^Q blujh Refe^md the Damatk Mu^k Rofe^lheCs 

are all excellent iJo/f^, and none of them would be wanting in any 
good Florijls Garden, . ' . . 


„^ ,Rofes are increifed either by inoculating the buds of them m other 

flocks, or by laying down the branches in the earth •• the beft fl:Qcks 

•io^be inoculated upon are iht Darn ask ^ the White^ the Franc for d^ 

and t\\e wilde Egleniine ^ the beft time about Midfemer^ or as foon 

as good buds can be gotten. . , ' 


All flocks of budded 'Rofes muftbe carefully kept from Suckers, 
and if the Buds be placed near the ground, after one yesfs growth 
the budded lance may be laid in the earth to root, whereby it will be- 
come a natural Tree, one of which is more worth than three that arc 
Jbildded, iot that every Sucker that comes from them will be of the 
fame kind, .whereby they maybe increafed • but all Rofes are not 
apt, to yield Suckers, and therefore the fpeedieft and moft certain 
way is, to lay 'down the branches, putting fomc old well rotted 
Dung about the place where they are laid, which will make them root 
the fooner 


All Itofes are hardy enough,^ and will endure the Irofts in Winter, 
and the better the foil is you Cet them in, the better they will thrive, 
and the fairer will be the flowers 5 they are ufually difpofed up and 
down the Garden in buflies, and under walls, and fet in rows or hed- 
ges, . fupported and kept in on either fide 5 the feveral- coloured Rofes 
intermixed and well placed, blowing together^ will make a moft g 

and glorious profpei^. After they have dpne bearing, they 


muft be cut with the Garden-fliears fomething near, and toward the 
5pring each branch cut again with a knife clofe to a leaf-bud, and 





whac is dead Or fapei fluous taken away. Now there are fome Rofes 

that are not fit to be planted in a hedge^ as the M/^k RofeSy which 

bear at all unlefs they grow to fome high wall or houfe-fide^ 
ley may have liberty to grow to their full height, which \yill 

be commonly eight or nine toot high ^ alfo the douUe yellorv^ which 
is the mofl unapt of all others to bear kindly and fair flowers, unlefs 
it be ordered and looked unto in an efpecial manner 3 . for whereas all 
other Rofes are bed natural, this is befl: inoculated upon another 
flock., others thrive and bear^beft in the Sun, this in thefliade; 
therefore the bed way that I know to Caufc this Kofe to brin^ forth 
and kindly flowers, is performed after this manner t, Firft, in the- 

ft ock of a /r^/^f/^riiJ^/'niear the ground putmaB.ud of the fin^l 
yeHoyv Rofe^ which will quickly flioot to a good length, then half 

, „-d higher than the place where the fame was budded, pu 

'Bnd oUhc double yellorv Rofe, which growing, the SuCkers muft be 

kept froni the Root^ and all the Buds rubbed off except thofe of 
kind defii-ed, which beini> grown bi.^ enough to be^r^ (which will be 

vo years) it mufl: in Wintei: be pruned very near, cutting oif 
.... fmall Shoots, and onely leaving the biggeft, cutting off the tc 
ofthemalfoasfarastheyarefmall^ then in the Spring, when the 
Euds for leaves come forth, rub off the fmalleft Of themi leavmg 
onely fome few of the biggeft, which by reafon of the flrength of 
the flock affording more nourilhment than any other, and the agrees 
able nature of the fmgleycllotv Rofe from whence it is immediately 
nouriflied, the Shoots will be ftrong and able to bear out the flowers, 
if they be'not too many, which may be prevented by nipping off the 
fmalleft Buds for flowers, leaving onely fuch a number of the faireft 
as the Tree may be able to bring to perfection, which Tree would 
ftand fomething fliadowed^ and hot tod much in the heat of the Sun^ 
andinaftandardbyitfelfratherthanunderawall* ' Thefc Rules be- 
m^ obferved,we may exped to enjoy the full delight of thefc beauti- 
{\S Rofes as I my felf have often done by my own pradice in divers 
Trees fo'hand led, which have yearly born ftore of fair flowers, when 
thofe that were natural, notwithftanding all the helps I could ufe, 

have not brought forth one that was kindly, but all of them either 
broken, or as it were blafted. ^ 

Tell me what fioi^'r kind Nature doth difdole^ ' 

Ma] he comfaredt6 the lovely Ko(t 'j. 
Whofe Beauty- rirtue, Scent^ and Colours are 
In Life^ in Death^ in Bud and Bloffom, rare, 
■ Andtf one kind thefe graces aU com^rifc, 

what then in thirty choice varieties ? ^ 

Friend^ mufe no more^ nor reckon what elfe rare^' 
Since all conclude the KoCemthout compare '^ 
But wing thy thoughts to mount three pries higher^ 
Up to his Throne that thu6 adorned the ?>im, \ 

And now after this long walk it will be time to retire, where we 
may fit in fome lliady Bower, and behold t he feveral flower-bearing 
and climbing woody Plants, wherewith the fame is covered and ador- 
ned, which with others of like nature, but more rarity, Oiallbethe 

'fubjeasofournextdifcourfe, G CHAP, 




F L <S^A. 'BooKl 

i -f 


Aving done with fomany of the flower -bearing Trees 
and Shrubs as we intended for this place , we will 
treat of fome other woody flower-bearing Plants^ 
that (being Climbers) ferve conveniently to cover 

Somer-bowers : and firft we will begin with the faf- 

ffiines^ whereof there are divers excellent varieties, moft of them 
peculiar to ftich Countries, where the benignity "of the Air and fer- 
tility of the Soil is agreeable with fuch delicate and tender Conftitu- 
tions : and although we cannot expert fuch rare Plants to profper in 
our cold Country, yet there are Tome of this kind contented to live 
with us 'y with which and fome others more tender, together with 
W&od-hiftds 2ind Firgms'hower^ this Chapter will acquaint you, and 
firft with the moft common. 



Jajminum alhum. 

He white fafmhe hath divers green flexible branches, that come. 

forth of the bigger boughs, which proceed from the root, fee 
Tvith winged leaves of a dark green colour, ftanding two together ac 
the joynts, made of many fmall-pointed leaves fet on each fide of a 
middle rib, ufually three on a fide, and one bigge'r and more pointed 
'at the end; at the tops of the young branches divers flowers come 
forth together in a tuft, each on a long foot-ftalk, which are fmall 

!or^ and hollow, opening into fine white- pointed leaves, and of a 
ftrong fweet fcent, which with us fall away without bringing feed. 

f • 


THe CAtaUnian or Spanifh ^afmine rifeth not half io high as the 
- former, the branches and green leaves are like, but larger and 
fliorter, the flowers are of the fame fafhion, but much bigger, and 
,before they are open of a blufli colour, and after white with bluili 
edges, more fw^et than thofe of the former. 


Jafminum Hijj^ankum multiplex* 
He double Sfanifh ^a(mine is in the manner of growing like unto 

thelaft, the greateft dijfference is in the flowers, which of this 
are white like the firft, but bigger and double, confifting of two 
rows of leaves, with fome fmaller coming forth of the middle, or 
hollow bofoms of the flowers, which are as fweet as thofe of the 



Jafminum luteum. 


*T He yeHorv Jafmifie hath many long (lender woody branches, ri- 

-» fing from the root, fet atdiftances with three fmall dark green 



h ' 

leaves together, the middle or end-leaf beirig the biggeft : at the 
oyntsvvSere the leaves come forth^ftand long ft#s, bearing fmali 
.ong hollow flowers, ending in five, and fometlmes Cik^ yellow 
leaves : after the flowers are paft, round black-fliining berries fucceed 
them-, the roots arc tough and white; ereepirig in the ground^ and 
Cdming np in divers places much increafing; - « - • 


Jdjminuml'ullcum flore phmlceo. 

* ' 


H'q Indian fcarlet^ajmtne., from a Urge fpread root, confid 
of many great fibres arid fmaller ftrinlgs, cometh up one, two, 
or more flexible branches, not able to fuftain themfelves without the 
help of fomething to fupport them^ putting forth at every joync 
fome fmall Ihort tendrils, whereby it will ftrongly faften unto any 
woody fubftance : at the joynts come forth two wmged leaves^, 
which are as large almoft as Rofe leaves, full of veins, and finely^ 
nicked on the fides, which moft ufually ftand three on a fide and pne 
at the end, which are reddifli at the firfl:,' but afterwards of 4 fair ^el- 
lowifl} green colour j the flowers come forth at the ends of the bran- 
ches many together, which are long like a Fox-gleve^ opening at 
the ends into five fair broad leaves, like unto that of the Gentiafieffal 
with a ftilc and fmall threds in the middle, of a yellow or Saffron co- 
lour . in fome Plants the flowers have fmall red lines on the infides 
thereof, others of a deep dark fcarlet colour, veined with fmall. yel- 
low lines. 

, F 


Thefearethe varieties of g^4/;»/>^/ growing in our Engllfb Gar- 
dens unto which we will infert fome other woody climbing flow^ ^ 
bearing plants j which feem conveniently to cover and beautlfie 

fome Bowers, as 


THe double Hdnifuckle^ _ which Is fo common that it needeth no de- 
fcription, it is very fit to cover an Arbour in refpedt of the much 
fpreadin^ the'reof, and the multitude of fweet flowers grow in five or 
ix ftoriel one above another, with round green leaves circlmg tJic 
ftalk betwixt every roundle of flowers, which are ot the torm ot t)ie 
mlde Honi{uckle, but fairer, yellower, and much fweetcr. 

a^: ^eridimenuni Itallcum Hore rubra, 

- . 


nr He red lulun BonifnckU groweth foraethins like the wi4de kind^ 
1 with fuch green leaves, bus redder branches , fpreadm^ very 
much fo that two Plants (one of the former and another of this^ 
are futficient to cover a laige Arbour : the flowers of this are very 
many, coming forth together in great tutrs from the ends and fides 
of the red branches, which are longer and better formed than tbofe 
of the other, which at firft, before they are fully biowen are v^m^ 
of a fine red colour, but afterwards more yellow about the ends, or 

G a • * opoo 


A. !Bookl 

upon part of the flowers, which make a gallant (hew, and are of a 
fweec fcentj but not fo ftrong as the former. 

Clematis per e^r I na flore rulro. 

* ■ ■ 

Ed Fir^ins-iomr hath many limber woody weak branches, co- 
vered with a brown thin outer bark, and green underneath, 
winding about any thing it can take hold of • the leaves ftand at the 
joynts, confifting of three parts, whereof jfome are aotched on one 
fide, aiidfomeon both 3 the flowers come from the joynts upon 
long foot-ftalks, which are made of four leaves ftanding like a crofs, 
of a fullen dark-red or liver- colour : the roots are a bundle of 
brown ftrong firings, fattened to a head running deep in the ground. 

Clematis peregrinaflorepurpureo. 

Urpk Virgins-bopfcr differeth nothing at all from the former, but 
onely in the colour of the flowers, thofe of this being of a fad hea- 
ty bluim purple. 

Clematis peregrtm fl^re fleno purpureo. 

He dcuhie purple Firghs-horver'm all the parts thereof is like unto 
the former, but bigo;er and Wronger 5 the flowers are of the fame 
with thofe of the lafl: defcribed, and exceeding thick and 

double, the outward leaves being broad like the former, and the 

harrow and folded clofe together, like a large burton in the 

middle of the flower, which open by degrees, but fo flowly, that 
the outward leaves commonly fall away, before the other open or 
{hew themfelves, which is a great defed in this flower. I have heard 
of two others of this kind, which are faid to grow in the Florifis Gar- 
dens about Rome^ bearing double flowers, the one of a bluiQi Peach- 
colour, and the other white. 

Mar acoCy five Clematis Virglniana. 

He Virginian cUniher rifeth out of the ground in May^ with ma 

ny long round winding ftalks, more or lefs according to the 


and liking of the Plant, which will grow with us to be five, fix, or 
more foot high 5 from the joynts come forth the leaves, at each one, 
and from the middle to the top a fmall clafper, like that of the vine, 
and a flo\yer alfo 5 the leaves are broad at the bottom, and about the 
middle divided into three parts, nicked about the edges-, the bud 
of the flower before it openeth is like unto the f eed- veflel of the 
common fingle NigiSa^ but longer, having at the top five crooked 
horns, which opening, this bud or head divideth it felf into ten parts, 
fufteining the leaves of the flower, which are very many, long, Iharp- 
pofntcd, narrow, and orderly fpread open one by another,- fome 

ftraight, others crooked i thefe leaves are ot a whitifh 

fpotted with a Peach colour^ having towards the bottom 



® J. 

of a perfed Peach-colour, and above and beneath It a white cifclcj 
which adde:h much to the beauty, of the flower, in the midft where- 
"of rifeth an Umbranc, which parteth it felfinto four or five crooked 
Spotted horns - from the midft of thefe rifeth another roundifh head^ 
which carries three nails or horns, biggefl: above and fmalleft at the 
lower end : never with us is this flower fucceeded by aay fruit, t^uc 
in the We/l Indies (its natural Councrey) it beareth a fruit hke. unto 
zPemegrana^e^ from whence called there Granadillti^ containing a 
whitiflipulp, and many cornered rough black feeds, ofthebignefs 
of Pear-kernels : the roots are long, fomewhat thicker than thofe 
of Sarjit Pari^a^ which run far in the earth, and put up heads in feve- 

lal places. 

# ■ 

The ^af mines bring forth their flowers (wm^^uly untill the 
middle of 4ngttfi j the fir ft white, and the common y el low are bar i- 
dy, and wilfendure our cold Winters, and increafe taft enough by 
Suckers, but the /W^rf;? yellow is tender, and not fo eafilyraifed; 
this and the Spa/iifh^ both forts muft be planted in Pots, Tubs, or 
Boxes, that they may be houfed in Winter : with us they are ufually 
encreafed (efpecially the Spanifh kinds) by grafting them hte in the 
Spring the Approch-way, upon the ftock of the common Mte faf- 
mine ; the other Indian fafmine flowereth about Angufl^ and will 
endure th* Winter if it be defended in its nonage, but older Plants 
are hardy enough, and may be encreafed by Layers ; thofe which! 

have I raifed from feeds which came from Vi 


The double Wood-bind flowereth in Maj^ and ther^^ in the Qnd of 
^une: there is nothing more eafily increafed, for every branch of 
either of them will take root if it but touch the ground* much more 

ifitbelaid artificially therein: the chief ufe of thefeand the com- 
mon wfjite Jafmine, is to cover Arbours, or adorn the walJs of 

clematis or rirgins-hower^ the fevera! kinds thereof will be in 
flower moft part of ^///jf and Angufly they grow well, with us, and 
endure long, eafily increafed by laying the branches : thefe are com- 
monly ufed to cover Arbours, for which purpofe they fitly ferve ; 
but manyofthe young and fmall branches are apt to die in Winter, 
which muft be pruned in March^ arid the nearer they ar^ cut^theiaiier 
the flowers will be in Somcr following. 

ihtMdracoc bringeth forth his beautiful flowers in Aiigull^ and 
is more tender than the other ; theftalks die to the ground every 
Winter, and fpring again from the roots in Maj^ which muft be co- 
vered and defended from extreme hard fr oft s in Winter i the roots 

run far and come up in divers places, whereby it may be much in- 
creafed: we ufually plant them in large Pots, in the richeft Earth 
we can cret, which will flop the running of the rootSy be conveni-. 
entlyreiiioved into a houfe in Winter, and into the Sun in Somer 5 

forunlefsitftandinfomehotplace, and the Somer be according, it 


will not bear at all 5 therefore to help it forward, many with good 
fuccefs fet the Pot with this Plant tip to the top in a Hot bed, 
where Melons or choice Annuals have been fowed^ as foon as they 
are taken off or removed. 



Aving pafTed throngh thofe greater woody flower - 

bearing T rees. Shrubs, and Plants, we will proceed 
to fome lefler, whcfe ftalks like the laft die to the 
ground in Winter, and rife again from the roots ac 

the Spring 5 and then conclude with fome fmall 

woody plants, that for the beauty of their flowers are preferved in 
our choiceft Gardens. . • 


FraxlneUa flore ruhente 

J fi^rd Dittany with a reddifb flower rifeth up with divers round 
hard woody brownifh ftalks, about two foot high, the 

parts whereof are furnilhed with many winged leaves, rcfembling 

ofe of LiquoriHi, or of a young Afli, confifting of feven 

fet together, fomewhat large andjong, finely purled about 
the edges, of a fad green eolour, and ftrong refinous fcent ^ the up- 
per part of the ftalks are furnilhed with many flowers, growing in a 

fpikc at diftances one above another, each containing five long 

leaves, whereof four ftand on the two fides bending upwards, the 

fifth hanging down, turning up again the end, of a faint or pale red 
colour, ftriped through every leaf with a deeper red, having a tafTel 
the middle made of five or fix long purplifli threds, tJiat bow dowa 

with the lower leaf, and turn up the ends again with a little freeze 

thrum at the ends of each of them : the flowers are fucceeded by 
bard ftiffclammy husks, horned or pointed at the ends, fomething 
like thofe of the Columbine^ but bigger, rougher, and harder, where- 
in is contained round fhining black feeds : the root is white, very 
large and fpreading under ground 5 the whole Plant throughout all 
the parts thereof hath that ftrongrefinous fcent, not fo pleafant to 
the Nofe, as the flowers are delightful to the Eye. 

Fraxinella flore ruhro. 

Tl-^fl^r^ DitUny mth a redflomr diifereth from the former, in thac 
-■-'it is bigger in all the parts thereof, the leaves of a darker green 

he flowers grow in a longer fpike, and of a deeper red co- 

lour • of this kind there is another raifcd from the feeds of this 

whofe flowers ^row thicker on the ftalk than any 
of a deep bloudy red colour. 

other kind, and 





Flaxtmlla Ron dlh 

Aflard^ittM'j with a rvhiteflemr hath the leaves and ftalks of a 
frellier green colour than any of the former, and the flowers 

white, and not altogether fo big, in no other thiiig difFeiirig from the 


Frax'mellaflore albo deruleo. 


Aflard Dittafjy rvhh an Ajh-eoUttred florver diffefeth onely fron^ 
the laft in the colour of the flowers, thofe of this bein.^ of a pak 


blue or Alli colour : there is alfo another variety of this, taifed from 
the feeds of this kind, which is leffer in all the parts thereof than any 
of the other, and the flowers are of a bleak blue colour j ftriped with 
a deeper blue or violet colour, 

' * 

' ' ' ' - 1 

I - m 

Having now done with the varieties of the fl:ately, though flrong- 
fcented Fraxinella^ we will conclude with a kind or two of fweet- 
fmelling Ciflui^ leaving the many other dfverfities to their natural 
habitations, being Plants fo tender, that the trouble in keeping 
them would be more than the pleafuue of having them, 

,...,.■. ■ ; 

THe male Cifltis is a fmallflirubby Plant, growing with Us aboiit 
three or four foot high, having many flender brittle woody- 
branches, covered with a whitifli "bark, whereon are fet many long 
and fomething narrow whitifli green leaves, crumpled and fomething 
hard in handling, two flanding at every joynt *, the fldwers come 
forthat the ends of the branches, three or four together upon flen^ 
der foot-ftalks, each confifting of five fmall rouad leaves, like unto 
a fmall fingle ifo/(', of a finer eddifli purple colour, with manv yel- 
low threds in the middle, which foon fall away, and are fucceeaed by 
jround hard hairy heads, containing fmall brown feeds^ 


Cijlu^s Ledo?L 

THe Gum Ciftu^ rifeth higher and fpreadeth more than the foi'- 
mer, with many blackilh woody branches, whereon are fet di-^ 
vers long narrow dark green leaves, but whiter on the backildes^ 
ftanding two together at every joynt • theflalkand leaves being be- 
dewed with a clammy fweet moiilurej but much more in hot Coun- 
tries than in ours, which being artificially taken off, is that black 
fweet Gum called Ldanum : at the tops of the branches ftand fingle 
white flowers, larger than thofe of the former, like (ingle Rofa 
with five leaves, each having at the bottom a dark pmplifli fpot^ 
broad below and pointed upwards, with foirie yellow threds in the 
middle j after the flowers are paft, cornered heads fucceed, wherein i» 
contained fmall browni(h feeds, like thofe of the former. 








The FrdxinelU's are in flower about the end of ^uni^ ahd conti- 
nue moft of ftily •, the feed is ready to gather about the end of Att- 
guftj which will (by the fpringing of the Pod s) beallloft, uniefs 
care be taken to prevent it. This is a hardy Plant^ and will endure 
many years without removing, and yield many new Plants -, which 
in the beginning of Mdnh may be taken from the old root : they arc 
alfo raifed from feeds fowed in rich earth as foon as the frofts are paft 
in February^ from whence varieties may be raifed, efpecially from 
thofe of the deep rcd^ the white, and the A(h colour. 

■ I 

The Cifm is raifed from feeds, and the Plants houfed in Winter, 
for they will not endure the cold air. 

CHAP. vii. 


Aving now done with all fuch Greens^ Flower-bear- 
ing Trees, Shrubs, and woody Plants, that are of 
moft beauty and efteem, we will proceed to Flow- 
ers, beginning with thofe vulgarly called French 
Flowers, which are fuch as have either Scaly ^ Bui- 

hom^ Crumom^ or Tuberous roots, from whence 
the Leaves, Stalks, and Flowers do yearly fpring, 

moft of them dying even to the very roots fliortly after their flower- 

and firft of ^///>^ and their Mttds, whereof there are many di- 
verfities, the Martagons being of the fame family, out of all which 
I fliall cull the beft, and purpofely omit the reft as Vulgars, not wor- 
thy entertainment : the Crown imperial is alfo a kind of Lily^ which 

althbiigh it be common arid offmall regard, yet to follow the exam- 
ple of divers good Florifls^ and to make way for fome newer and no- 
bler kind$ thereof thai! were formerly knoWn, we will begm this 
Chapter of X;7w and Martagons therewith, and fopafs to the reft 

In order. 

Corona Imperial Is, 

THe Crown imperial hath a great round Fox-fcented root, from 
whence fpringeth up a tall and ftrong ftalk, garnifhed from the 
round unto the middle thereof, with many long (hining green leaves, 
rom whence it is naked upwards, bearing at the top a tuft of fmall 
green leaves, and under them eight or ten flowers, according to the 
age of the Plant, hanging down round about the ftalk, in faftnon like 
unto a Lily, confifting of fix leaves, of an ore^t^e colour, with many 
veins of a deeper colour on the backfides of the flowers • next the 
ftalks every leaf thereof hath a bunch or eminence of a fadder Orengt 
colour than the reft of the flowers, and on the infide thofe bunches 

are filled with fweet-tafted clear drops of water, like unto Pearls, 


each flower having in the middle a ftile compafTed with fix 
chives tip t with yellow pendents. 



Cor on A 



Chah. VU. F L 6 ^ A. 


. toroncL Imperialisflon }7mkipltci. 

I 4 


4 - • » 

Tffe double Crown ImperUt is of later difcovery and more efteeni 
than the former, and chiefly diifereth from it in the flowers^ 
which in this are coriftantly double , each flower containing fifteen 
or fixteen leaves, whereas thofc of the other common kmdhave 
but fix 5 the leaves of thcfe double flower^ are narrovver,with a drop 
or Pearl at the head g{ each of them, of the fame colour with thofe 
of the common kind, and as many fldwers on one ftalk. The plant 
at firfl coming up is redder, aridcohtineth longer fo than the ordi- 
nary ; The green leaves of darker colour, and the tuft on the top 
above the flowers, bigger, and confifting commonly of more leaves. 
This is a gallant plant, deferving efleem, although the other is now 
little regarded; , 

Corona I??ipcrialls florc luteh. ' 



T He yellow Crorvn Imperial differeth only from the firfl com mdri 
kinde in that the flowers are of a fair yellow colour ^ and how 

mdre rare tnan that with double flowers: 

Corona Imperialis mguJlijoUa jlore ruUnte, 

THe nArrovt'leAved Crewn Imperial, mth a reddi(bfiower , differeth 
from the other fingle kinds, in that the leaves are much Nar- 
rower 5 the flowers fmaller and of a light red or pale Zo fe - colour , 


^ r 


r K 

He Perftan Lilj hath a root like unto that of the Crown Im- 
perial^ but longer, fmaller, and whiter, from whence fpringeth 
up a round whitiih green flalk, befet from the bottom to the middk 
thereof with many long and narrow whitifh green leaves 5 from 
whence to the top fland many fraall flowers , hanging down their 
heads, each containing fix leavcSj of a dead or over -worn purple 

colour, with a pointill and chives in the middle, tipt with yellow 

... ^ 

The X^rorvff Imperial fiowereth ifttheendof Jl/^rf^, br beginniW 

of j^pril, and the Perfian Lily , almofl amoneth atterir, tney are 
both increafcd by aifets that come from the old roots , which lofe 
their fibres every year , and therefore they may be taken up after the 
jftalks are drie, which will be in Ju»e , and kept out of the grotrhd 
untill yiugttji 5 they may be fet in borders, or corners of large knots, 
among ordinary TuiipSy and other flowers that lofe their fibres , that 
they may be taken up together •, the Crown Imperial^ efpecially that 
with double flowers, is an excellent ornament in the middle of a large 
Flower-pot, among DaffodiUs^ Tulips^ Anemonies^ Hyafinthes, and 

other flowers of that fcafonj the Perftan Lily is a flofver of fmall 

- H beauty, 








beauty, and onely received for variety, the dull and heavy colour 
ferving to fet off, -and caufe others to fecm the more glorious . 


Lilium ^i(uh}'tim. 


He red Lily is a vulgar flower, andmany Torts thereof common 
in every Country-womans Garden, the which are feldom ac- 
cepted by any Florifts. There are three other kinds which are of fome 
regard, in refped they bear fairer flowers than any of the other com- 
mon forts-, wewillinfert thofeonly, and pafs over the reft as re- 
gardlefs plebeans not worth mentioning. 

Lilium Cruentum hulhiferum. 


Be fen red bulbed Lily rifethup from a great white fcalyroot 
(as all the Ltlies have) with a ftrong tall ftalk, fet with many 
long dark-green leaves, and at the top adorned with many fair large 
flowers, each compofed of fix broad thick leaves, of a fiery red co- 
lour at the tops, and towards the bottoms of an or e^rge- colour ymiih 
fmall black fpecks, bearing among the flowers , and along the ftalk. 


divers bulbes like little 

which being fet 

time will brin 

forth flowers like unto thofe of the original 

Lilium ^uhrum flore fleno. 



He double red Lily 

like unto the. former, in root, ftalk and 

but without bulbes 

fo big nor of fodark 

colour 5 it commonly beareth many Orenge-colomGd fingle flowers 
on one ftalk, with many fmall brown fpecHs on the infides thereof, 
and fome times but one fair double flower 
flowers were united in one. 

if the leaves of many 
which although it be but accidental, yet 

ithapnethinthiskind more frequently than in any Qther red Lily ^ 
for if you have many roots of this fort , you will always have fome 

double flowers^ and many more in fome years than in others, 


' - 

Lilium Luteum. 

1" ' 

He ye Bow Lily is like thelaft double Lily , but taller and bigger, 
the flowers are many on one ftalk, and wholly of a fine Gold- 
yellow colour 5 this is more efteemed thanany of the former>, 

Lilium 'Alhum. - " 


^iTHe white ,Lily affoideth three diverfities^ two befides the com- 
^ monkinde, which are of more eftimation than any of the red 

Lilies , and for the beauty pf .the one | and rarity pf the other> de- 
ferve to be regarded 




Liliunt Jlhum V 


J^e common wUtc Lllj is fo well known, that k needeth no c! 

fcription ♦, it hath a fcaly 

bigger and yellower than thofe 

of I'heredZi/y-, theftalk.istall, the leaves broad and Ion?, ofafreOl 
greeji colour-, tbe flowers are fix or eight on one ftalk,in an old plant 
but fewer in the younger, which in fafhion are like thofe of the for' 
mer, but turning back the points of the leaves , which are of an ex- 
cellent pure white colour, with a pointell and white chives in the 
middle, tipt with yellow pendents. 


LfliiDn Album ^j;^ 

* k 

* j- 

< * 

' ' ^ y 

He white Ltly of Conjlminofk differeth from the common 
white Lily in that it is fmaller in all the parts thereof, and 
bearethmore flowers, ufually twenty, or thirty on one ftalk, which 
many times will come flat and broad, with a hundred or more flower* 
thereon, hke unto thofe 6i the common kinde, but fmaller.' 

L'lllum Album jl^ 



He double white Lily 


is in all things like unto the common 
the flowers onely excepted, which in this are ufually 
five or fix on one ftalk, and all of them conftantly double, confiding 
of many fmall long white leaves , which grow on the foot-ftalks one 
above another, forming a long double flower, the leaves of them a_ 

before they open or turn white , and unlefs the feafon 


be very fair, they 


this is efteemed for the rarity 

of the double flowers^ more than for any beauty that is in them 



Mart agon* 


He mountain Lily or Martdg 


that is thofe that bear broad 

be defcribed. whereof 

fome diverfity V they are divided into two primary kind 

nndles about the ftalks 

diftances, the which ai'c called mountain Lilies :, and othe 

tear narrow long 

fparfedly fet on the fl:alks- in fora 

jigger, and in others fmaller, out of which we will collet 'the befV 
and defcribe them in order .' 

' Martagon ImperialefiVe L'tlluni 77iontdmm ifiajui, 


THe MdrtAgon Imperial hath, as all the MArUgom have a fcalV 
^ pale yellow root ^ the ftalk rifeth a yard high of a brownifli 

befet at certain diftances with Caudles of broa<l g _ ^ 

and naked betwixt . .at the top of the ftalk.come forth, in an old 

fourfcore or a hundred flowers^ thick fet together each on 
a feveral foot-ftalk, hanging down their heads and turning 'the leaves 

back again as all Mm Agon s do , which ai^e thick and flef] ' 

H 2 








Dale purple colour.with brown fp©ts on the Infide, a ftile in the mid 
dle^ with fix yellow chives tipt with Vermillion pendents. 

' Martagon flore Albo. 


He white Marugon difeeth from the former , in that the ftalk is 
ereener the flowers fewer, and not fo thick fet on the ftalk, 
and arc in thisj of ^ wbite colour with yellow pendents. 

}^arta^on flore alho maculato, 

^T^jie white hotted UM.gon is very like the l»ft in njanner of grow- 

1 in" only the ftalk is brown , and.the flowers mcliniBg to a blu(h 

colour ° with many red fpots on the infides thereof, m no other re- 

fpea differing from the former. 

Theieare fome other varieties of the Mdrtagonsovmounuin Lilies 
kept in vulgar Gardens, which are not worth the mentioning, thelc 
three forts being the moft acceptable. 

y . - 

Marta'Ton Cmadenfe maculatum. 

Tm fpctted Mamgon of C4nada may ferve to bring up the rear, 
aniiuow the ^mtW Lilia , for that the green leaves grovv 
the ftalk in rundles , the root of this ftranger is fmaUer and the 


ftalk lower than any of the form 

bearing four or five flowers 

form like a red Lit 

hanains down their heads 




Ion<^ foot-ftalks, in.w — ,. ir. ^ ^ * • rj 

of a fair yellow colour, with many black fpots on the mfide, ? pom 

tell and fix cUives tipt with red pendents. 


Martagon Conjlantimj^litanum. 

m Mammon of Ccnflanmcfk hath a great yellowifli fcaly root, 

- from w&nce fpringeth up a browniih ftalk, befct contufedly 

with many fomething large round pointed green leaves 5 on the top 

of the ftalk come forth three, four, or more flowers , on long foot- 

ftalks hanging do wo their heads, and turmng the leaves back 
whicl^areof afair (^r.A^^.-coIour, deeper in fome thanin others, with 
^a pointell and fix chives tipt with ^How pendents = this is common 
every ordinary Garden * '^ 


[#not been here iaferted, but 

IDCVCIJ Uiumai/ ^*m.v.w.^ »..-. --- 

make way for a better kindc thereot, 


Martaqpn Conjlantinofolitanum maculatum 


9f Confiminoflc difiereth from the 

TUe red [potted Martag^,, ., — ^,^ ^ n %%. ^ j 

other, in that the flowers are larger, more on a ftalk, of a deeper 
Or.«Fe, or Scarlet colour, and thick fpecled on the mfide, with 

y fmall black fp 


Which addeth very mwh to the beauty of the 






chdb. rii. 



Martao-on Tanonkum', 


THe Mart Agon of UmgAr) is like the laft in root, leaves, and form 
of flowers, onely the leaves are larger, and thinner fet on the 
ftalks, the flowers much bigger, and of a bright pale (?r/;«^f-coIour 5 
this as it is the rareft of all the Marutgo»s ^ fo iS it the hardeft to 
come by. 

Martagon Vhgtnianum 

THe Firginian Martagin hath a clgfe compa(^ed, round, fcaly, 
pale, yellow root, from the fides whereof, more frequently than 
thetop, come forth the ft alks about three foot high; fparfedlyfet 
with whittifli green leaves, bearing at the head three, four^ or more 
fomething large flowers, turning back Hke that of Con^nntinofU^ of 
a Gold yellow colour, with many brown fpots about tne bottoms of 
the flowers, with the points or ends of the leaves that turn up, of a 
red or Scarlet colour , and without fpots 5 this is- a tender plant and 
muft be defended from Froft in Winter 5 there is another of this kifl4 
that bearetb more flowers on one ftalkj differing from the former, in 
that thefe are of pale colours but fpotted as the other. 


■Martagon Tamp&ntwn. 

THe Martagon of Tympany hath a great yellowifli, brown, fcaly 
root, fromwnence fpringethup a green ftalk^ two or three 


gh promifcuoufly thick fet with many fmall 

o> & 

leaves almoft to the top, where (land many flowers , in number ac- 
cording to the age of the Plants for infome that have ftoodlon^ 

tinrcmoved , I have had fourfcore or an hundred flowers on one 
ftalk . which are of a yellowifli Orenge-coiQU: with fmaU black 

fpecks on the infide thereof, in falhion like 


red Martagon 0^ 

^, jJlaminoplchmCmilki' ; there is fome Variety in this Plant, for 
fome of thciiHiave broader and fliorcer green leaves than others ; and 
there are others that flower a fortnight after the mofl common, and 
beft known of this kinde. 

♦ '* 

Martagon LutmmfunElatum. 

He yellow fpotted Martagon hath a great fcaly root like that of the 
laft, but bigger -5 the ftalk rifeth up In the fame manner with 

broader green leaves, the flowers alfo are of the fame fize and faftiion 
but of a pale, greenifli, yellow colour, with manv black fpecks on the 
infide chereot^ and not lb many on one ftalk as the former^ ^ i 


THe yellow Martagon wJthut fpots differeth onely from the other, 
in that the flowers of this are all of that pale, greeni(h, yellow 








itbotit any fpecks or mar 



tbefe yellow M art agon s for 

variety m?v be admitted, andwcre theyas pleafing totbefcent, as 
they are to the fight, would beef move efleem thannowr'^- — 
there is one other variety of this yellow Martagon , winch 
only in the time of the flowering, which is not untul July, and 
that the flowers are of a fairer and deeper yellow colour, 

differ eth 



All thefe Lilies , and moft of the MartAgons florv 

which floweret h towards the end of 

about the end of ^ 

that of Pomfony is the earlieft. 

May-, thokot Con (fanmoplezYchter^ , * n r i n u r 

beginning ot g^/./) -, and that of ^/r^.W.thelaft of themall.whore 
time of flowering is ift Jftgufi- 


T hey are all incieafed by the roots too faft, being ftrong and har 

dy Plants, except that of Canada and that ot Firgtma 



: vc.y tender and unapt to thrive or live at all in our Country 5 the 
)ts(>f all the other hold their ribres, and therefore do not afl eft 
be of ten removed, which when there is occafion to^do, tliebelt 

time is as foon 
feweft Fibi 


^. .... ftalks are fully dryi for then they 
reweft Fibres . thefe fcaly roots muft be fet rcafonable deep, tour or 
five inches over the head in the earth , which every other year fliould 
be opened down to the bottoms of them, not hurting or ftirr mg any 
of the Fibres , and all the ofT-fets and young roots taken away, the 
mother root only left, unto which fome richer earth may be then 
conveniently put before it be covered, by this means the flowers 
x)f the old root will be fairer ,'and many more on one ItaiK, the 
ground not peftered^ and new Plants gained. 

- - — 

. As for thefe tender Mart age ns bf Canada and Firginia, they wiU 
not endure tofland abroad, but muft be planted mthericheltand 
boteft earth can be gotten, in Boxes or large Pots, and fet in Come 
■Seller in the Winter where they may not FreeZi 






* t 


m Tritittarj, and the varieties thereof are next to be 
defcribed, the which may be divided into two diftindt 
kinds 4 the firftthofe with fm all roots, fliarp-poin 

ted green leaves and large flowers 

and the other 
with bigger roots^, round pointed whiter green leaves, 
and different faftiioned fmaller flowers t of each kinde there are fe 

veral forts and diverfities 
that beft known. 

will begin with the firft, and firft of 




-K — 

« ^ 





• ^ 



ccmmon ehecqttered Fr Hillary hatha fmall round wh 

ade of two piece 

deft the ftalk fpringeth a foot \\\q}\ 

if it were deft in the midft, out of 

thfome few lea 

thereon difperfed- at the jtop thereof oUt of a tuftof four or five .... 
low long green fli a if -pointed I&vescometh the flower. han^^inF 
down the head like to that of the ordinary Crorvn imferial^ confiftmo" 
of fix leaves ofa fiilien redd iiii purple c6l6tir,,checquered with a deep- 
er purple-,, the infideorthe flower is of a brighter colour than the 
fide, with a fl:ile and fix chives tipt with yellow pendents : -after 

the flower is fallen, the Mt (whid 


ftandeth up 

ght, and containeth flat griftly feeds, like unto that of a r«///^, 
but lefler. The old roots of this fort will bring two and three flowers 
(JtrOTrTe ftalk, and the feeds diver fi ties, \ fome p^ler and fome brighter 
tiian Others,' and fome flowering in M^rcL a moneth before others 

Fiifillayiafiore duplkl alb 


He double blufj) FritiUary is in all the parts thereof like the for 

*» ^ 

mer, onely the flower is double, coafifting of 


accidental but 

pale purple or bluiii 

3ur, fported 





Fritillaria alha. 



^HepMteFrftUiary differeth cjilefly from the firft, in that the 
A leaves and ftalk are greener, and the flower virhite ^ the feeds of 
this being fo\yed J>ijingcjh varieties,^ fpme flowering a moneth before 
others, fome' bearing larger flowers," and fome two on one ftalk. 

Fnt lllarlaflore luteo. 

— ■ 



He yellow Frill Han Is in all things like the laft, 'onely theflc 
of this on the outfide as well as infide is of a perfe(5l yellow col 


Fritillaria Hore atro ruhejite 


THed'ari red Frittllary hdith gr^en Ic 
ftibrter than the former' t the flower 

■ -> 


■ ' I 



of a dusky red 

lourontheoutfide, and bloud-red on the infide, which falls away 
foonerthanthofeofthe other forts 5 and this is that the Walloons 
have lately brought over, which they call the black FritilUrj'^ 

flower of fmall beauty, and lefs continuance. 



rntillana'?rtitxi}fta rubr 

• B- 

-■ ^ 

/ \ 

V m% #■■• *^ 

T^He^r^^/ red FritHUryis in all the parts thereof like unto the la^ 

defcribed, but bigger x the flowers alfo 


of a dark red 







tolour ftfually two or three upon one ftalk ; a much better flow 

than the laft, but almoft as foon decaying. Thefe are the 

of rhefirfl \Cmdoi Fritillaries^ and now we will proceed to defcribe 

thofe of the other fort. 


Fritillariaflore luteo major. 


TUe greater yellow FritilUry hnhzhl^en znd broader root than 
any of the former 5 the leaves are broader, (horter, and round- 
pbinted , the ftalk about two foot high , and of a whiter ^reen 
colour than thofe ofthe former 3 the flower is long, fmall, and of a 

faint yellow colour. 


f '. 





THc f^otted yellow TritHUry hath round-pointed whitiih green 
leaves, like the lafl: ^ the flower is bigger aad longer than any 
ofthe former, of a pale yellow colour, diverfly fpotted and chec- 
quered, whicn addeth much to the beauty thereof. 

Fritillaria lute a maxima Italica. 

Uq great yellow itdUnFritilUry hath darker green leaves than 
the former, the flower longer, and of a dark yellowiih purple 
Colour, fpotted with fmall red checquers ; this is that which hath 
been lately brought unto us out of Flanders^ by the name ofthe 7/4- 

hclU'Coloured FritilUry^ 


Tritillaria Italica florelutco'virid't. 

THefmatl Halt an yeltowifh green Fritillarj is like the lafl:, but 
fmaller; the flowers arc fmall and long, two or three on one ftalk, 
and turn up the brims ofthe leaves, which are of a yellowifli green 
colour, fpotted with purple, Httle refpeded for that the fmell there- 
of is very offeafive. 

Fritillaria an^ujli folia exotica <viriii albicante multiplex. 


T'He exotich narritv-leaved Fritillary with a whitijh green Jeuble 
flower is of more rarity than the former • it hath a tall ftalk, 
narrow green kaves, and a large fliorc double flowerj^ of a fuUen whi- 
ti(h green colour. 


Fritillaria luteajuncifoliaLufttanica. 


- J 

hie fmall yellow FritilUry ef Pcrtttgal hath fmallcr and fliorter 

round-pointed leaves than any of the former 5 the flower is alfo 
(mail, of a yellow colour, more fpotted and checquered than any of 
the yellow Fritillarjes, 






FritilLirii Tyrhuia 

He y^ick FritilLirj is in all things 

ke the yellowiili gre 

n I)U 


theftalk and flowers are (horrer than thofe of the laft, and 
k fullen bkickilh 



Frltllarlci Hijpanka iimh 

ill f era. 

.-» ^ 

^ ^ .J 


r ' r 

- I 

he SfanJjhhUk FntiUary briiy differethfrom thekft,in that 


and beareth four or five flowers hanging round about the 

ftalk; Tike thofe ohheCrowfj imperial 




Tbe early kinds of 'FW////^r/h do flow 

about the end of March 

beginning of Jpril^ the other after thofe are paft, for the fpace of 
a moneth one af:er another -, the gPeat fellow is the laflri whofe time, 
of flowerinff is in the end o^May, 

■ . ' ^ - ■ 

lofe their fibres as foon as the ftalks, ^re dr> 

J'- *^ 





any time before the middle of J»gttff 



laken up and kept dry' for fome time, .but if taken up too foon 
or kept too long out of ground ^ will either perifli or be much 
weakened thereby •, therefore take them not up before the middle of 
^uly nor keep them out of the grouird after the beginning of Ah-_ 
e///' they may be fet among ordinary r//%5 and other roots that 
lofe then- fibres, in the beds of a Knot or Tret, where the nakednef- 

ftalks (efpecially of thofe of the firft kind) may be covered with 





• ■ ■ ■ » 

Doubtlefs many more diverfities of thefe FritilUrks may be rai- 
fed from the feeds of the beft kinds, being fowed, preferred, and 
ordered in the fame manner as thofe of Tultp^ few particulars need- 

ceptibn either 


y other bulbous-rooted F 

th^atlofeth the fibres J Ivherefore thofe that defire to pradife the 
fowing of fuch feeds, I refer to the general dire^ions m the end of 
the Chapter of r«//> J, where they will meet with ample fatisfadi- 






■h " 

-r ■* 

— «'J 






L <SA • 'Bookl 


t. «» 




n-. : ' 

V j^ 

//€ T/^/// is a flower well known ^ efpecially tTie more 
common kinds thereof!, but there are many noble va- 
rieties J whofe faces , as few'are acquainted with , as 
with their excellent q^uaHties ., thefe are thofe lovely 
Lilies , whofe bravery excelled Solomon in his greateft 
luftre, j/(?r^'/ choiceft Jewels, and the mod glorious Ornaments of 
the befl Gardens '', transferable favours from qtie Fieri ft to another, 
aptly conveyable (the feafon confidered) many miles diftant. 

And as thefe ftately Flowers are efteemed/o are they valued , one 
i:opt being ufually fold with us at all prices, from a penny (I may fay 
with nioclifty) to five pounds • but in o:her Countries where Flow- 
ers are more affeded, at far higher rates. Such is their rarity and 
excellence, and fo numerous are the varieties , that it is not pofsible 
any one perfon m the world /hould be able to exprefs , or compre- 
hend the half of them, every Spring difcovering many new diverfi- 
iles, never before obferved , either arifing from* the Seeds of fome 
€hoice kinds', the altering of off-fets , or by the bufieand fecrec 

king of Nature upon feveral felf-colours, in different foils and 
lltuarions , together with the help of A;t : Of „all which plentifully 
in the end of this Chapter. 

■ The divifioJi of Tulip according to Gerard^ Parkinfon^ clufms^ 
and Ferrarim^ is into three forts, Vymoc^s, Medias , and Ser$tjnas, 
early, middle, and late flowering Talifs^ whereas indeed there are but 
two primary diftind kinds , Pr^coces^ md Se^omas -, thefe having 
other notable differences, befides their tinie ^of flowering, which 
from the firft to the laft, is as diftant in the Pr4mes^ as that of thofe 
called MedUs to the Serotims 5 fo according to their rul?,we raig - 
as well divide the early as the later, and fo make four forts out of 
two; yet not to be thought fingular, I (hall not alter the old me- 
thod, but fet down a plentiful variety of each, under fuch names as 
they are generally received and known by, written after the £W//J 
faihion, that perfons unexpert in the Orthography of Forein Lan- 
guages, may be able to write and pronounce them j beginning with 
th€ befl known and more ordinary forts , and fo proceed to better. 

■^ The greateft difference qf rulip is in the flowers, as the diver- 
iity of colour, manner of marking, bottoms, chives or Tamis, big- 
nefs, fafliion, and manner of growing 5 the which after one general 
defcription ot the whole Plant, ftallbe particularly exprcfTed, where- 
by each flower by name and face may be known and diflinguifhed 




Chap. IX. 






TJIe eArlj, 

Tullpa precox y mcdliy <(^ferotma 

mddle^ and Utter flowering Tulip ^ fpringeth out of 

ground, with leaves folded one within another, which openin 

by degrees become broad 
edees. and holding water fall 

k. Ions aiid hollow 


they are commonly three 

mber. but fometimes in old-rooted Plants four or fiv 





th whiter edges efpecially in thofc of the 

■hereby they may be known from the other fo 


leaves are of a frelher green •, the ftalk with the flower cometh up in 
the middle of the leaves, which do rife therewith, and compafs it at 
certain unequal diftances ; many of the Pracoces bending to the 
ground , but before they flower, drawn by the Sun, ftand upright as 
all the refl: do •, the ftalks of the ?r&coces are commonly not above a 
foot high, and many of them much lower^ but thofe of the MedtAi 
and Serotinus far higher : they all bear ufually but one flower on 2 
ftalk, which flandeth upright . in faibion like unto a LtU , compo 


fix leaves, green at the fir/l and clofed which warmed by the 

Sun, open and change into divers feveral glorious colours, varioufly 
mixed, edged^ ftriped, feathered, garded^ agotted, marbled^ flaked^ 
or fpecled , even to admiration ^ the leaves of fome of them being 
round pointed, ofothersfliarp, and in fome three of one fafhion and 

three of 

the other : The colour of the bottoms and Ta 

ally in the Mediums ^n^ Serotinds^ doth alfo 

other 1 for in fome they will be white, yellow, or ftraw 

bly differ h 


blew, black, or purple, deeper or lighter j fome of thefc 
flowers are fwceter than others, and many of them have little 


the middle of the flower fl:andetl 

cen head, 
commonly three fquare (which is the Seed-veflTel) compalTed about 
with fix chives, tipt with pendents (which are thofe after the French 
wecaliTamis) in colour ufually anfwerable to that of the bottom, 
which often changeth^ for when a red, or purple flower, with a blew^ 
or other dark-coloured bottom and Tamismarketh w^ell with white, 

into x\i'^ 

leaves, which is a prime caufe of the well marking thereof, but the 
Tamis remain without alteration, whereby the flower may be known 

bottom will be white alfo, ; the bottom running up 

;^x. .... the various mutations thereof, the rule hold 


After the leaves of the flower are fain, the 

and longer, containing 

moft of the bed flowei 

head or Seed-vefiel grovveth biger, rounder 

uAially fix rows of flat, thin, brown, griftly Seed, The roots are 

fome rounder and bigger than others , (harp at the upper end ^ and 

hi thofe roots that will 

bear flowers, either forked, or fliewing 

\ leaves, but in fuch as will not bear, but 

the bottom is bi^ and round,with a little woolly eminence on th 

points to put forth 

fide thereof , from whence the Fibres come forth 


fide in fuch 

have born flowers 

the other 


hollow chanel 

where the ftalk ^rew, which vearfy fliifteth from fide to fide 



immediately from that eminence which is in thebotfom of every 

Thefe lOQisare compofedcf 

but more in fo 

I 2 





thin bi: 

raft off, 

thick sk 
own C( 


■' !Bookl 


folded within each oclier, and covered vvitii a 
which is every year renetved , and the o 


And now havfrig done with the general, we will proceed to a more 

pariieuLirdefcfiption -, and firft of the Prdcoces^or early flowering Tu- 

lifs^ tfte \Mrieti£s whereof are chiefly of two forts or manners -, thofe 
<5t' the firft or more common rank^ are called Bdgers^ and are ei- 
ther Red, Carnation, Crimfon, or Scarlet, deeper or lighter, with 
yellow, ftraW'CoIour, or white edges, or elfe fadder or paler violet, 
graydeline, or murey-purple, with greater or lelfer white edges ; of 
thefe there are a multitude of diverfities , but moft of them now 
little efteemed i we will therefore fet down fomefewof thebeft , 
and then give you a mare plentiful variety of thofe of th-e other and 
tetter fort, which although they are of the fame, or like colours 
with the former, yet notably differ in manner of marking, thefe 
being either ftriped, feathered , garded, or variably marbled, with 
tW^or more colours in eachflower^ as by the following defcriptions 
'^ expreffed ; but firft o^ th^ Edgers, 



Trdcoces yearly floiperifi^TuUp^. 

He Printer Duhy fo called, in refpe"^ it flowereth commonly 


before the tenth of March 

which time the 

Spring beginneth • it hath a very low ftalk, and beareth a flior 

ved- flower,' of a deep ted 
yellow bottom' andkown Tamis 


yellow edges , a round 

, Geneui Dnh flowereth later, and is a fairer aftd better flower of 
btight red orCherry-colour, with large and well d'mdGd yellow edge 
the bottom and Tamis like the former- there are divers forts of Duke. 
fblfte deeper, others paler, but all of them are red, with yellow ed^^e" 
jvhereof thefe two are efleemed the befl. ^ 



General JBraJi^ion is a ftrong upright floWer^ of a bright Scarlet- 
colour , with even and well-parted butter-colour edges, which before 
the leaves fall turn white j the bottom of the colour of theed^es 

O 5 

atid the Tamis purpl 


PMt'j Betty isalfoagood Edger^ the flower is of a bright Crim 

iih pale butter-coloured edges, which foon turn whit 

XV... , »,.cii ^aix. i^utttt-tuiumcu cu^cs, wnicn loon 
natb aftar-poittteabottoin- of the colour of theed 



and blew 


pmkipramion \% a fair large flower, with long round-pointed 
— of a deep (hming Scarlet -colour, with deep butter- colour 

the bottom large, round, and pale yellow, with Tamis of 


the fame 



X^f r^ri/rns an early flower, and ranked with the beft j^^ee-^-/, of a 

k 11 




Chap J X. . F 

fine blewifh-red colour, with large and well -parted pure white ed 
the bottom and Tamis pale yellow, ' 




- * * f _ 

Violet Ratgans is a reafonable tail flower, with a woolly- ftalk, and 

' of a , violec-purple colour, with larije S 

fiiarp -pointed 

white edges^ the bottom and Tamis both yellow, 


;^/W^? ^^ RemoiVjOi: purpur iifje, groweth taller than the laft, with 
afmoothftalkand fair large flower, of a rich violet-purple colour' 
with large and well-divided Snow-white ed^es , a white bottom an ^ 

tlack Tamis 

Palto -nan Lejden is fitteft to be the firft of the feathered and 

gated k 

in refpecl of antiquity and 


fvhich are red and 

yellow 5 in the younger roots well-placed, feathered, and ftriped, 
but commonly the flowers of the old roots are more yellow thart red, 
and often all yellow, as the bottom and Tamis are. 

Florifante is a low flower , mofl: of a pale horf-fle(h colour, finely 
varigated and marked, withfome crimfon, and at fir ft pale yellow, 

ifter turns white ♦ it is 'a little apt to riin, that is, in one 


days the colours to flubber 

which takes away the beauty of the flower 
are both blew. 

d run one into the othe 
i the bottom and Tarn 


Religious is a firong healthy flower, of a dark-red (folour, with 
many fmall ftripes of white, but commonly the red hath the maftery, 
and if the feafon be hot, will foon run over the white 5 the bottom 
is pale yellow, with dufty brown Tamis* ' - 


BlindenbHrg is a middle fized flower, t\\t tops of the leaves of 
colour of a Peafe-bloiTom, and the fides from the middle to the bot- 
tom whiter with yelloiv Tamis. 

" » - -- 


JKonfuchpetits late is of the fizeand fafliioriof thelaft, 
is of a pale-bluili almoft white , pretily marked with many fmall 


ftripes andfpecks, of Or^;^^^- tawny •, the bottom and Tamis pale 



^ ^he Cfrn heart is a Tmall low floWer, carnation, ftriped, and marked 
with white, but feldom enough white 5 the bottom and Tamis pale 
yellow, as in mofl of the early Tulips. 

• Admiral Crinki is in all things like the Corn heart , but more con- 

ftantlv well marked with white. 

** * 

General Molfrvick IS ol the fame family wjth the two lafl, of the 
fame colours, but much better marked than either of the former. 

Ckrmortt^ in the manner of growing, 


is like the kdiiim. the 

" ftalk 

*- -^, 



-m ^ I 



ftalk ftroiig , and the £ovver large, fometimes pretily marked [mxh 
'deep carnation and white ; the bottom and Jamis both yellow. 


fdr-Agon cleremOKt in the manner of growing is like the laft^ but 
much a better flower, more conflantly marked with white, upon a 
bright blewifli carnation 3 this is more efteemed than the former , by 
all that have both kinds, for chough the firft be in many hands, this 
is not trueiy fo, for it is a trick much ufed by thofe that fell flowers 
about Lom&n ^ to add P^r/ig-^;? to the name ot any common flower 
when \t comes well marked, and then impofe a treble price. 

■ w 

Admiral Encufcn hath a weak fl:alk, and fraall flower, with (harp 




tipt with crimfon, and feathered with white 
1 pale yellow nails and Tamis 


Morillion Cramofine is an excellent flower , much more efteemed 

than anv of the 

it is of fine bright crimfon and pure white 

finely ftriped , fpotted and wclj parted, the bottom and Tamis pale 
•yellow, '. ■ • * . ■ 

*» r 

The Nebh hath the flowers much better marked With crimfon and 
.white, in bearing of Sets and young roots than in the old, whofe 
.flowers (though largei) are httle marked with white,fcarce appearing 
to be the parents to fo beautiful children j tlie bottom and Tamiis are 
both pale yellow. 

*. ■ 

Aurora^ or Crenfeg^is another good flower, of a rich 

lour, well ftriped and marked v/ith 

pale yellow 

the bottom and Tamis 

The earl'j Perfect grows fomething taller 

flower fine crimfon 

and whit 




Perifl}of is a ftrong flower, of a fair fliining, blewi(h-red colour 5 
fometimes well "marked with greater and leffer ftripes of white 
throughout every leaf, but if the ted have the maftery , it will 
quickly run all over the flower 3 the bottom is white, and the Tamis 

pale yellow. 

. « 

■ Prtncejs^ or la helU Prwcefs is fomething like the laft, but of a 
more blewi(h-red colour, fometimes well ftriped and feathered with 
white, the bottom and Tamis pale yellow. 

-F4/> v^^« is an upright flower, in ftiapelike t\iQ cUremont^ with 

round-pointed leaves, marked with great flakes of white, and Claret- 
wme colour, the bottom white, with pale yellow Tamis, 

^ The Omen^oiNuino ^ as fome call it, is the laft flower of any of 

^th a ftrong upright ftalk, the flower fair, large, 

-colour, 3vith many veins and marks 


and well formed, of a pale Rofe 





of crimfon, circling, snd garding, great ftripes of white- the bot 
torn and i'amis both ble\\\, ' which is feldoin found in a Precox 

* * '» * *■ 

The Marques is 2L^o\^tY 61 fmall beauty, refpeded onely for the 
ftrangenefs of.the colours, which in this are fad horfe-flerti, dark 
yelloi^', ^nd fome fmall veins of red, confufedly placed 3 th^' boaoiri 

and Tllh^is both yellow; ' ; 


1 r 

J . 

If * § 


Vice-py is an old Flower, of a violet purple colour, ^dg^d^ fea- 
thered, and ftriped )vith white, the bottom and Tamis of a greenidi 
yellow Colour, to the name of this ilower P^^r^^t?;? is often added, as 
a It were a diftina: kind , when it is but the fame better marked thah 


GaUteals a fine flower, of a bright gredeline, ftripped with white, 
the bottom and Tamis pale yellow. , , - .. . > 


^ - 

Maria is alfo a pretty flower, of a pale gredeline, wdl ftriped and 
marked with white, thQ bottom and Tamis pale ydlow, • . , - 


The^ Superintendenthnowih^mo^t^Qtmtd of all the early r^^ 
lip^ it rifeth higher than ordinarily others do 5 the flower is fair 
and large, excellently marked with violet purple and good white, the 
bottom and Tamis pale yellow. - , ,..3 

* ^ 

Medias^or Middle flowering Tulips. 

He Smihof Portugal is a tall, large, long-leaved flower, of a 
rich Crimfon colour, with fome marks about the edges of the 
leaves of a deep red, ftriped with great gards and lifts of ftraw- 
tolour through every leaf thereof, with a large round yellow bot- 
tom, and ftraw- coloured Tamis. There are feveral forts o^SmJhes^ 
but this is the beft, the other are klTer lowers, the colours not fo 
good, nor fo well placed. 



Munerd is a flower of a middle fize, tbe leaves fliarp-pointed,- of a 
•bright crimfon colour, finely.f potted ^and marked with fmall ftripes 
and drops of pale yellow 5 the bottom ?hd Tamis ftraw'-colour, ". 

n . . J - 

Semper JiiguftHs, heretofore of mUcb efteem, hath a flower not 
very large, but well veined and ftriped with deep crimfon and pale 
yellow 5j the bottom and Tamis dark-violet purple, ^ 




' The Prince of Ormgt is of a good ar^;?^f -colour, ftriped with yel- 
low, of which colour the bottom and Tamis are. 

but the Oftngt 
-marked 5 the 

Gentrd Ejfex is of the fame colours of the former, 
deeper, the yellow paler, and more conftantly well 
bottom and Tamis dark-purple, almoft blacki 





^ook I 

k * 


W/^f . Is a dark Men Flower, of a futty Orenge 

J -i 


marked with darker, and lighter yellow , a fad-greeniHi bottom and 

blcwiib T 

» f 

s oudinardis an old Flower, of afadreddidi-colour/ometimes 
>vcauiarked with Brighter rcdandftraw-colour ., it is common and 
ijnconftant,and fo little efteemed^ the bottom and Tamis both blew. 


dudinard Vam B»U 

things like the laft 

the colSurs are brighter, more conftantly well placed 



years wU come fo well marked, that fe;v rich Flowers excellit; the 
bottom and T amis both blew. 


yi^ot jtfor/«.*hen it comes well is a pretty Flower, ofadarkred- 
diflvfolour, variably marked with fad 7^.//^ and ftraw-colour , the 
bottom andTamis dark-purple. 

; • 


j.ot Rdme is a long leaved old Flower, of a fuller, reddifli-colour, 
withlbme flakes and marks of an over-worn Dove-colour, with a 
whitiflibottomandblackTamis, _ ■ - 

' ■ J.a Uimfaragon, or rMm, is like thelaft, but much better, 
o£ the fame fad-red colour, often well marked with Dove-colour, 

crimfon and white 5 the bottom and T amis like the laft. 

— ' 

■ T;...Ji..^^«islikethelaft butakfcF^^^^^^^^^ 

well marked with deep red, inclining 
torn and Tamis blew. 

1 - - - 

r ■ 

-; ndart, or ToHndurt, is hke the Agot Rdine, of a heavy dull-red 
di(h colour, the leaves edged with a fmoaky Dove-colour and fome 

to murrey and white^ the hot- 

times a Httle marked 

bottom and Tamis black 

^-afpar Titdart 

Flower, of a brighter red than the laft 

fome Dove-colour and much white 

bottom and Tamis black 

better than cither of 

the bottom and 

Royal Tudart^ox the Udy Wottons Tuda 

the two former; the Flower is of a fad red colour , w;Iiipt about 
edges with crimfon, and ftripped with pale yeiiov 

Tamis black. 


Harvy is a large variable Flower 

but fometimes it will be of 

dark-purpli(hredlolour, with great flames of deep Hilning crimfon, 
and fmall ftiipes of white ; the bottom and Tamis dark purple. 

Admiral Fander Pool is of a dark red , inclining to liver- colour, 

feathered and marked with pale yellow' , which one hot day t"— 

white, the bottom and Tamis wh 
runs a little at laft 

pretty Tlow 





*■ -^ 

J 4 

f.JX ^ FLO (^ A 

Morillion nacdrat Is an old FJower , of a liglit Scarlet-colour and 
milk-white, fometimes well marked, but the leav^es are hollow, arid 
at laft runs •, the bottom blew* with black Tamis, 

Cardinal Ehmbidni Is pfapale Scaret-colour , well marked with 
whitej the Flower is fliort and handfom, bottom and Tamis blew,' 

Prince Cardinal is a large long -leaved Flower, well marked with 
flcfli-coloar.crimfonaridwnice 5 the bottom and Tamis blev?: 


Morillion de Anve'rSy is an ordinary low Flower, pale fcarlet, mar- 
ked with pale yellow, and runs at laft. 

" Orient Firgin is a go©d Flower, pale fCarlct,* arid pure white^ well 
.divided in fmall marks and ftripes^the bottom and tamis both blew. 

General Gowda IS a large Flower, of abright crimfon colour, fome- 
times well itiarked with white , but commonly the fed hath' the ma- 
ftery •, befides the bottom and Tamis are both pale yellow. 


Triumphans is a fmaller Flower than the laft, the ftalk weak, the 
colours good crimfon and white, but veryunconftant5 the bottom 
and Tamis blew. ■ 


Bn'vy Is a good Flower, of an excellent crimfoit colour, well mar 

ked with good white, efpecialiy on the infide the 
torn and Tamis both bl 




3etv Turnier hath a Flower in fartiion like the laft, the Colotii 
edehne, crimfon and white, but very unconftant , and often 
no white. 



Bel U Bar is an old Flowa*, like the laft^ of the fame colours, buf 
more conftar^tly marked with white. 

Bel Breire hatha weak ftalk and fmall Flower, of a good Crimfori 
colour, guarded and ftriped with pale yellow, which one hot day 
turns white 5 the bottom and T^mis pale yelloW; ' ' -' 

Bel Bnme is a fair Flower, of a dark-brown crimfon colour, well 
marked, feathered and ftriped with white, the bottom pale yellow, 
with large dufty^brow^n Tamis; 


The Cardinal is a low Flower, of a deep-dark red colour, fome- 
times feathered with white, and oken all red ^ fomeof them are 
re<5lified,and come much better marked-, the bottom and Tamis blew. 


Vefla hath a Flower round and handfome, of a deep-fliining crim- 

fon colour, variably fpread with white, but if the red have the mi- 
ftery, it foon runneth over the white t the bottom and Tamis blew. 





A. <BooK I 

loyal Fejl^j or Noriparel^ is abetter mdtnorQCon^mt flovyerthan 
. the laft •,:]!? colours are carnation, crimfon and white; when the flower 
marks well^ theboctom is white and the Tamis blew/ > .- 

Mazarine hath long, narrow, fharp-pointcd leaves, 'of a pale aim- 
fon.i^olour, marl^ed with deeper red and wHite , but unconftant • the 
bottom blew and the Tamis black 


Satthe, General Richard^ox Emferor^ Is all one old flower, with a 
tall upright ftalk and fliort leaves, of a pale carnation colour, flaked 

and marked with white , a little apt to run 5 the bottom and Tamis 

Mori Urn de Argiers is an ordinary Flower, of a blewifli-red colour 

marked fomething like the laftwith white j the bottom and Tamis 
pale yellow. 

■ I 

- m Pearl is :in old Flower,, of a bright carnation colour, marked 
and ftriped with more and lefs white ^ . the leaves of the Flower 

nd ftand different from others 3 the bottom and Tamis pale 


41; » 

Bien Venn is like the laft in thefafliion of the Flower, but much 
better, it is of a pale carnation colour, ftriped and variably marked 
with white, the tops of the leaves pale fle (h- colour . bottom and 

i amis bicw. . . - 


Admird Cauline is an old Flower, of a bright carnation fome 
crimfon,and conftantly well marked with white 5 the bottom white 
and Tamis pale yellow. ' 


Susanna is a delightful Flower, of a comely form.the colours bright 
carmtion, and Snow-white^ ftpm" the M opening, weJl parted and 
divided , thebottom white with pale grceni/h Tamis. Thofe of 
this kind which redifie and have moft white, are called Adre^f 
9S^ti^^\\eFirgino(Amjlerdam. ' ^ -^/f^^^^, 

r/'5P^if/V4»,when it comes right, is a pretty Flower, of a c^ood 


marked thick with fmaller and bigger ftrip^es of 

white 5 the bottom and Tamis of a greeniih dark blevv 


llir^^c is a fmall weak ftalked Flower, of a blewiOi carnation co 
a little marked with white; the bottom and Taaiis blew 



Pafs-Belihe chiefly differcth from the laftin the colours of the 

r^r' * n 1 ^^ i ^^^' ^^^"§ carnation , fome gredeline and much 
wmte, well placed and parted ; the bottom and Tamis both blew 


-General zmman is a fair Flower, bright carnation gredeline and 
white, variably placed, andpaned on the tops of the leaves, the 

bottom white and Tamis bW 


Chap. IX. 


tfetta is a fai 


Flower^ apt to be known by 

leaves, which are large and full of whitidi fpots^ the Flower hath 
large broad leaves, well veined ftrlped and marked , efpecially on the 
irifides, with carnation, fome gredeline, and much white; the bot- 
tom, by the well marking of the Flower is commonly white, and tlie 
Tarn is blew. 

' Faragh Fra»coifelsihs.ndCome([o\veri of a good deep carnati- 
t)n-colour, well marked with long ftripes of white 5 the bottom and 
TamiS-bleWi ■ . • • 


Admiral of J!'r^;?f^ is like tnelaft, in colour and manner of mark- 
ing, but the leaves of this twine, and do not fland round as thbfe of 
other Flowers 5 the bottom and Tamis blew. 

f ^ 

> k 

;5f;?f<!//^/;?^ is a pretty flower of a bright carnation coloiir , well 
marked with white 5 the bottom and Tamis dark-purple. 

. 1 ■ 

ParAgon Bhckhurn hath a tall ftalk , and fair Flower with 
broad leaves, yet iliarp-pointed , of light carnation-colour, with 
fome marks of deeper redjflarfted and ftriped with whitej the bottom 
and Tamis blew. This was raifed by Mr, Humphry Blackhum^ late 
keeper of the Garden at r^r^^-houfe in the Strand^ from th.^ feeds o' 
the Pajs Oudinardj as he told me when he gave me the root. 

Paragon de Gil don is a good Flower, of a fine carnation -colour, 
deep' crimfon and pure white, well placed arid broken ; the bottom 
and Tamis blew. 

Damilede Time is of a pale iJ^/^-coIour , prettily laced, marked 

and fpotted with white 5 the bottom and Tamis pale yellow ; this is 
a pleafant Flower^ but runs a httle at laft. 


■ ■ * ^ ■ 

Pafs Rope is a fine round Flovver, .variably marked upon pale Rofe- 
colour, with crimfon and fome veins. of ftraw-colour, refembling 
^ well watered Tabby j the bottom and Tamis pale yellow. . 



Rofiliionte is a large Flower, i?^/r- colour , variably fpotted and 
ftriped with white, w^hich commonly hath the maftery 5 the bottom 
and Tamis blew. \ ' 

Holoferncs^ or Golia^ is a very tall Flower , marked all over with 
fliaddows of Jf(?/<j-colour and pale yellow j the bottom and Tamis 

ycllow^nowof lixtleefteem;. . - 

■ J 

Turhan is a large round bollo^^-lea^ed Flower, often with eight or 
more leaves, of a reddiih Peach-coIour,flamed up the middle and fides 
with crimfon ; the bottom blew with dark brown Tamis. 


K 2 





'Book I 

the chimnej- Sweeper IS a low fli or t- leaved round flower,' of a 
ickifh dark red colour, with a large round whitifh bottom, and pale 

Tamis ; Tome of thefe will happen to be ftriped with more or 
and then called the ftriped Chimney- Sweeper , and as they 

lefs wh 
mark fo valued 

1 t 

. Jdmiral Heart is a handfomeilower, of a good carnation colour, 
deep crimfon, and good white 5 the bottom blew with black Tamis^ 


Zeahhrn is of divers forts 

J ■ 

he moft ordinary is of a fad blewifh 

red colour, fometimesa little marked with white, very unconftanc 

and ap t 


moil of the Ztahloms 

bottom and Tamis 



■ ■ 

Royal ZeMom^or Coningji^ at firft opening a fine flower, ftriped 
and veined through every leaf thereof with blewifh carnation, srede- 
Jine and white, butif the feafon be hot, .. 
all over 5 the bouom and Tamis both blew 

will run and be flubbered 

* ♦ 


Cedanetta is of near affinity with thcjaft,bnt much a better flower 

Gf a good blewifli carnation 

well marked and variegated with 

crimfon, fome gredeline, and good white- of this there are two u. 
three forts, but the^eft hath more white, and is not apt to run as iVq 
other are- the bottom and Tamis blew,and called Cedane^a de Bard 



''cot Bole is a fine flower , of a bright 
and ftiiped with gredeline and white 

rnation -colour, finely 
the bottom and Tamis 



jilus Boyalls Cometlmes a pretty flower, of a deep blewifti red co- 
lour, marked with fome light crimfon and white, but when the red 
hath the maftery,it will quickly run over the other colours • the bot- 
tom and Tamis are dark blew. . . ' 

zmman ^@hnCmt^oxchAf»olet^ is an old flower, of a deep Peach 

chamleted, and ftriped with red and white 

and the Tamis purpi 

the bottom blew 

f * 



tSe over.^ffh' r^ 'f'¥t'°^^^' > and pale ydlow , and fome- 
bkw rlmk ""^^ ' " ''"'' * S'''""^ ''^"•^ boctom and fad 


to^tJZr/ 'f^f^K""'"' fome all green, unlefs a little whitilh 
Sn ^ '' -."m"^ '''^H^« ' "''"=" ^^^ '^' le^^« half folded, 

foHe kinSl'"'''^ '' i"{ '"^Z ^'^'' =''"'°'^ '^hite 5 but there is onl 
noble kind hereof, which for its excellency is called 

. Tie Rich P*nt, this groweth tall and fti ong, the green leaves 




Chap. IX, 



fidtrs,^ the fiovver large, and formed romettiiilg like t._. 

"c hath fpurs on the /ides ofthe leaves, which are of dark bi 



colour, andlighter by degrees to the middle, which is of awhittifli 
green colour, very ftran^e in faihion and colours from all others j the 
bottom and Tamis of all the Parots are of a pale greehifli yelW 



Agot liampatdii a fine ilower, of a heavy fad Tfdeh-colonv^ witfi 
Tome marks of rich crimfon, an^ great ftripes of ySow ; a dark 
bottom^withlarse black Tamis:. 

Jpr Gekdh Is a low 

Cei',\Vith long narrow fliarp-poiiited leaves^ 
of a colour betwixt horfe-fldh and iJakRa^^ little ftriped with whiter 
the bottom blew, with large purple Tamis, 

■ ■.-■■" ' ' 

Star de Mant is a fmall flowti- , with loh^irid very tiartow (barp*^ 

pointed leaves, at firil: opening twifted at the ends, which aftet 

open and fpread flat likea fiar, with fix: points, oi'areddiib l/ahf/a- 

colour, ftriped towards the bottom with white » th^ bottom arid Ta- 
mis both pale yellow. 

*m - - ^ 

Mawelin ^e ^Mcle is of a pak I f ah Ila- cchvir , with many 
fpots (landing toi ' 

of Barherles^ and 

and Tamis dark blew 

ther on the infide of the leaves, like unto afprig 
fometimes a little rtriped withwliitei the bottom 


ThePrefident is a round Globe-formed flower;, marked with pur- 
plilb ted, lighter and fadder yellow ,3 the bottom and tamiS violet. 


Nofte^or the Royal- ShHttie-makerpls Worthy efteern , the leaves of 
the flower are fharp-pointed and a little twine, finely marked with 
' bright fleib-colour,deep fcarlet and pale yellow j the bottom arfd Ta- 
mis black 5 this ufually puts forth a bulb or young root betwixt the 
ftalk and lower leaf, whereby it is aptly increafedi . 


Lxperfdt^or Tttrdifre^ified, is a pretty low flower , of a plea 

ant carnation, well marked with white; the bottom and Tamis 
dark blew. 

FomfezA is a fair large flower , conftantly vvelj marked with fine 
light carnation and pure white j the bottom and Tamis blew. 

Bminentifsime is at firfl a fine iloWer , with longfliaip-poiftted 
leaves, well Uriped with Peach-colour, carnation and white 5 the bat-^ 
torn and Tamis dark purple. 


The £agle is a fair flower,Peach-cotdtir, pale gredelifle, fome deep 
crimfon and pure white 5 bottom and Tamis purple. 

Rickets fine Agot is a beaatifuf Eoi^er^ftripedj^ottedjaQd varionfl/ 


. 1 




L %,A. ^^Gokl 

marked with Rofe-colom^ deep crimfon and fine white • tlie bottom 

and Tamis purple. 

• T 

Jgot oriental is a good flower , finely marked with Rofe-coXom^ 
sredeline, fome crimfon and white 5 the bottom and Tamis purple. 

PArAgon F lor if on is a good flower, the leaves fliarp- pointed^ vari- 
ably, vcmed, fl:viped and marked with /f^^^ri/^^Peach-colour, and milk 
white . the bottom' bleW and Tamis dark violet purple. 

• - 

MoriUion cmis is a large ftrong thriving flower, moft of a carna- 
tion-colour, a little crimfon about the Edges , and well feathered 
with white-, the bottom and Tamis pale yellow. 

lidmiral de Mans Is ah old flower, of a deep red , ftriped with 
white, but flubbered ar^ not well parted, befides it is apt to run, and 
the bottom and Tan^is yellow. 

^acol^ea re£fifed\s in colours like the laft, but much a better flow- 
er, commonly marked up the middle of the leaves, with a great 
feathered flripe of deep red , the reft white •, the bottom and Ta- 
mis yellow. : . . ' .'•'':' 


Varagon de Co /la is like the laft, but a better flower, well fliriped and 
marked with the fame deep red colour and good white j the bottom 
and Tamis yellow. 

" ' r ■ 

CenerJof Holland is mold flower ^ of a deep blewifli red colour, 
with great marks and fmall ftripes of white 5 the bottom and Tamis 

- f- 



La Towers IS a weak-ftalked flower, which when it comes well 
hath one or two large broaken ftripes, of a blewiih red colour, through 
the middle of every leaf, the reft white 5 the bottom blew and the 
Tamis black. 

» ♦ 

Bel Pallas of parts is a better flower than the ordinary P^i?^, ic 
is commonly well marked, and ftriped upon a blewifli red, with fome 
crimfon and more white 3 the bottom and Tamis blew. 

Pafs hi Tew, or numero une^ is an old flower, agotted and marbled 
with gredeline and white, but unconftant 5 the bottom and Tamis of 
a dark blew, dufted with yellow. 

Marhre gaffer is like thelaft, but a fairer and more conftant flower, 
of a brighter gredeline, agotted and marbled upon white 5 the bot- 
tom blew, with brown dufty Tamis. 



Agot Pott vin^ or Pafs CittadeU^ is an old flower, with nar- 
low fliarp-pointed leaves , of a pale gredeline and murrey purple, 


'p.tX. FLO ^ A 

fometimesagatted, veined and marked with white, the bottom 
and Tamis blew. 


white ^afs cittadd is ill all things like the laft ^ but that the white 
hath the maftery, and therefore more eftcemed than the former. 

Dorile is .1 hanfome flower, of a tlewifli bright Carnation, varied and 
ftriped with good white j the bottom blew, and the Tamis purple; 


C^r/,W«^ IS fomething hke the laft, biitmuch abetter flower, of 
the fame bright blewith carnation cdour, and ifibre' conftantly well 
ftriped, and marked with white 5 the bottom and T^lmis blew. ' 

<i?w^/isof feveralfoits^ the beft we call Z.i ^f //^ j)^;?-!^ which is 
a good flower, of a bright blewifli carhatioil. Varied, ft npcd, and well 

-,wvy«..v..,*., V^X .-. ^X^v, 

marked with deep red and pure white, throughout every leaf th 
of, with a blew bottom and purole Tamis; 

q I 

Dilate T>oria is a kind of Dia^a^ thejlowerislike the Porile, hut 

commonly better marked and ftriped with fmall lines of deep red 
and fnow white ^ the bottom aad T amis like thofe of the Diana,'' 


Dijnea li a flower of my own raifing froiii the feeds of the Diana^ 
from which itdifTers in that the leaves are edged ^nd finely whipped 

about, with a deep brown p«fp!e, and feathered iii the middle V*'ith 
the fame colour upon fnow white •, the Tamis clark blew. 

' General Doctor BcldMvdm Solei^ i fine flower^ of a bkwi(b bright 
Ciirfiatioft ", purled about 'th6 edges, well ftriped and ftlatk^d with 
erimfon and pure white ^- which commonly hath the maftery 5 the 

bottom blew, with fmall black Tamis. 

* ^ - , ^ 


Otho de M^nsl is a tali larie' ol'd floW^dP/ ' sften 

eight or more leaves, of a dull h^5vy pUfple C6lour, lifted op the 

fides, and fometiiif^ feathered tbrouA the leaves 'With white ; the 
bottom and. T^mis y(^llow. -•- 

' mn^ijurpir Catatim is 'like the Mj'h the faflVion of the flower, 
but ofa berter brown purple colour, feathered and ftriped up the CidQ% 

and middle of the leaves with lar^e lifts cf white 5 the bottom and 
Tamis purpl 


Piifs Heron^ or Grand fur pir de Sod- , Is an old flower, with three 
leaves ftanding up like a Herru top, • and three turning down, of a fui- 
len yet fliining purple colour, with many fmall lines of milk white 5 

the'bottom'and Tamis pale yellow. , 

rioletU is one of the firft blown of the Medias^ it is of a violet 
purple colour, fometimes well marked with white 5 the bottom and 
Tamis pale yellow, . ' • ., ■ / 




^ook L 

The Flanders Widorvls a common flower, of 4 fad purple colour^ 
and marked towards the bottom with a fadder purple and fome 
white 5 the bottom of this and all the other Widows is fraalland 
of a greenifli blew colour, with purple Tamis. 

Ti&f^W^/Vt^M? is inall things like the laft, but inore and better 
marked with white. 

The Fair Widow differeth from the laft , in that the flower is flior- 
ter 3 more and better ftriped and marked with two fad purples and 


Princess Rojat came from the Flanders Widorv^ and differs onely 
from it, m that the leaves of the fad purple flower are lifted about 
the fides with white. 

* ^ 

ThewhiteWidorv Is 01 ihQi^^m^hMon and colour with the other 
Widows^ but commonly ftriped and marked with more white. 

Deefjey or (as we call it) the Trince of Wales, is of the family of the 
Widows^ and formerly efteemed ^ of this we have two forts, the beft 
is of a good deep purple,we]l ftriped and feathered through every leaf 
thereof with white 5 the other is a IciTer flower, the leaves narrow 
and (harp-poiated , not fo well marked as the other 5 the bottoms 
and Tamis of both like thofe of the Widows, 

Prince fs Tnrgiana Is the beft of all the generation of Widows^ the 

flower hath thin leaves, well marked with two purples , and much 
"white, which commonly hath the maftery 5 the bottom and Tamis 
like thofe of the Widows, 

Ariana is of my own raifinp'from the feeds of the Sturpam^ from 
which it diflers, in that the leaves are thicker, purer white fro*m the 

firft opening, and very well marked with bigger and lefTer broken 
ftripes, and drops of bright criinfon j the Tamis purple. 


Rundelo) AngeUicd^ or Paragon Bemhrig, is a large long -leaved 
flower, of a deep reddifli purple colour,flaked and marked with white; 
the bottom and Tamis of a aark purple colour. 

Anvers is a fair well-formed flow 

of a fad reddifli brown 

u and 

purple colour , ftriped and marked with fome lighter purpl 
more or lefs white • the bottom blew with dark purple Tamis. 


Bew Anuers is like the laft , onely the colours are brighter, and 

the flower commonly better marked j in bottom and Tamis like the 
former, . 

General Anvers^ or Brown Dttke of Brak 

Hke the laft 


, but 




Chap, JX. 

(II J, 

better marked with a brown and lighter purple, and often well flri- 
ped With white j the bottom and Tamls as in thofe of the two 


CenerdBok is a good flower, of rieef affinity with the Brom jin* 
'vers- the Flower is agoted, ftriped and variably marked with a daikei' 
and lighter reddifli purple and white, with a blew bottom and purple 
Tamis y It is a tender Flower, arid theroot apt toperifli in a hot or 
over-dunged foil 3 of this there are two or three forts, butthebefl 
IS that called General Bot Talbon" 

Farapn feron.ov ferommus Royal, is a good Flower, ftriped and 

marked with fliadesofpurple arid good white 5 the bottom arid Ta- 
mis dark blew. 

Adorned de Holland^ or%i\t{s^\x\^2,t\jtdl\GditheBoroth'J6fjiol' 
land^ is a good Flower, of a deep browri purple colour, finely whipt 
about the edges, and well ftriped and marked with a redder and ligh- 
ter purple and pure white, the bottom and Tamis purple- o^th\$ 
there are two forts, but the beft is called the North Dorothea ' 




■ Carolus is an excellent Flower , elegantly marked and ftriped 
with fliades of murrey, purple, and pure white, through every leaf 
thereof 5 the bottom blew, and the Tamis purple, 

Fafs Zedhm of ParislsthQheiio^ Altht Zeahloms, the Flower 
is fair, of a deep purple-colour very well marked with white 5 the 
bottom blew with dark purple Tamis. 


Veluertej Ulurte^ or the Velvit Tulip, is a good.flower of a deep 

dark velvet purple-colour, marked with fomc lighter' purple and 

white ftripes, efpecially in the tops of the leaves 5 the bottom and 
Tamis black. - , , 

Brown Furfur de Murrey , as it is commonly called, is ao excellenc 
fair Flower, of a rich (hining brown purple-colour and pure white 
marked with great ftrlpes up the middle of the leaves; the bottoni 
blew with purple Tamis, 


AgotHanmer is a beautiful Flower, of three good colours, pale 
gredeline, deep fcarlet,and pure white, commonly well parted, ftri- 
ped, agoted, and excellently placed, abiding conftant to the laft ,with 
the bottom and Tamis blew. This gallant rdq hath its name from 
that ingenious lover of thefc rarities. Sir rhomns Hanmer^ who firft 

brought it into England^ from whole free community, my felf and 
others partake the delight of this noble Flower. 


AgotfinBcnety o^: Argus, is of the fame colours W'lth the laft 
and like it in the manner of marking •, the ehiefefl: difference is t hac 
the leaves of this are (liarper-pointed plaiaer, and not ^0 broad dLtid 

t • hol- 



hollow as thofe oi J^st-Hanmer ^ tk gredeline more purple, and 
the fcarlet paler 3 the'botcom and Famis ot this are blew hke the 


Brd^on is of feveral forts, and all of them fine Flowers, of feve- 
ral purple colours •, the moft common is the fetit Brdajon , the 
Flower being fmall but well marked with two purples and white, the 
reft being all very good Flowers, and known by feveral names , as 

Brahafonnre, Brahaf&ff Hugon^ Brahrafen Adrian^ Braba[on P«^^,and 

Brabafon Srvallms 5 all of them of feveral purples and white,notably 
differing from each other in colours and manner of marking. 

There are other good Flowers , whofe colours are of feveral pur- 
ples and white, ^s Htfpamelet^ Ag6t de Gorhr^ Arch- Duke ImferUl, 
LeAreh de Auckre^ Amfhhrio^ Arminante^ Confiergi^mdAlthea', 

thefe more notably differ from each other in the work or fafliion of 
marking than the ^r4^4/*;?i, as well as in lighter and deeper, redder, 
or blewer purples, they are all fine Flowers, and.fome of them 
very rare. 



There are alfo fome other good Flowers that are crimfooand 
white, as AtUs^ Sigifmond , and Fdragoft Alette , others capation 
and white, ^sUnickU Croy^ Jacobine^ and Finette -^ allexcelkn^ 
Flowers, with m'any more, which to enumerate would fill a coufider^ 


* «. 

Befides thefe, there are many pretty new flowers which arife from 
good felf-colours , which the French czW Bis^ars ^ and we French 
Modes ; of thefe I will give you the knowledge of a dozen fine forts , 
and fo conclude the middle -Flowering Tulip. 

7V<f«j^A?/rf/?tf is flefli-colour,pale yellow, and /j^^^^^ij bottom and 
Tamis pale yellow, 



Trot CHS is a pretty fmall Flower, well marked with deeper and 
lighter crimfon and pale.yellow ^ a dark bottom and violet purple 

Amidore is a fine Mode^ pale yellow, well marked with dark cin- 
namon-colour j the Tamis purple. 

Brown George is a large round Flower, thick ftrlped and powdered 
with fadder and brighter cinnamon- colour, upon pale yellow , with 
black Tamis. .* 


Agotficot is a large Flower, well marked with pale ie^/(f- colour, 
fome crimfon and white 5 the bottom and Tamis blew, 

F ' 

AurofA is of the colour fo called, and pale yellow, with brown 




Chaj>. IX. 


Clytfts is a fine Flower, of a <iarkyeIlo\V colour, finely marked 
with fmali lines of hair -colour and dark crimron, with violet purple 


'J « ' ^ * , 1 * I 

^^tf/ Bizar is deep ^r^;?^^, light fle/h-colour, and pale yellow^witli 

a greenifli bottom and black Tamis. 


Rich Portugal is buta fmall Flower, but finely marked with fmall 

Jinesofcinnamon-colour^andpale flraw-cdlour, with a dark bottom^ 
and black Tamis. 

MemorahUs hath a long-leayed Flower of the colour of pale tan- 
ned leather, prettily marked with fad purple, arid bright yellow, with 
purple Tamis. 

Fre(erftne hath the tops of the leaves of the colour of the laft, 
yellow towards the fides, marked and whipt about with very brown 
dark purple •/ the bottom yellowifli, and the Tamis purple, 


The Curie differs from all others in the form of the Flower , fot 
tTiis hath the leaves thick and curioufly plaited, and curled about thd* 
edges 5 the colour is dark yellow, finely marked all over with fmall 
lines of fad red or liver-colour j the bottom and Tamis violet purple, 

TuUpa Serotina^ The late powering Tullf, 

PAto Madam , the jcUow Crown , or as fome call it the Crovtn of 
France^ is now a common Flower , of a good full red colour, 

marked and crowned on the tops of the leaves , with gold yellow 5 

of this there is an inferior kind , whofe Flower is more yellow than 
red, and therefore many ignorantly call it the fools Coat -^ the bot- 
tom and Tamis of both thefe are yellow, ^ 

^ ■ 

Prince de la More is a fine Flower, as rare as the other is common, 
well marked with a deeper and lighter cinnamon-colour and pale yel- 
low, with a blew bottom and black Tamis, 

r' * 

The Serotine Zeablom is a weak-ftalkcd low Flower , of a deep red 
colour, feathered and marked with fome gredeline, and at firft pale 
yellow, which after turns white 3 the bottom and Tamis dark blew. 


Grefound is a low fmall Flower, of a dark red colour , ftriped aad 
feathered with pale-yellow 5 the bottom of a dark greenifli colour, 
and the Tamis almoft black. 


L J 

Starof renuihsithzh^gQV Flower, of a good carnation-cole 
marked and veined wath pale yellow at firft, which after turns wh 
the bottom and Tamis both blew. 

L 2 faragon 




Book I 

. Pdrdgon Mullen Is bright carnation, and fometimes well flriped 
with white t the bottom and T amis blew. 


Jgot Romane is mold ^ower^ m oft pale Rofe- colour , fometimes 
well marked about the edges with crimfon, and ftriped with white ^ 
the bottom and Tamis blew. ^ 

f- * 

Mdrhre Harlus is an ordinary flower , moft flefli-colour , 


with ifahella , and fometimes a little white 5 the bottom and Ta- 

Ms dark blew; . - . - - 

Temhris is a large ftrong flower, of a dark deep red colour^like that 
called ^c jjtfj, with fmall veins of Peach-colour, a fmall pale yellow 
bottom, and dark brown Tamis. 

, All thefe r«///?^, and many others may be had of Mr. Rickets of 

Jj6gefdeniiQ2X London, 

Thefe beautiful flowers (warmed by the Raiesof the returning 
Sun) difclofe their bravery, tp falute the firft approaches of the wel- 
come Spring • ~tiie Pracoces flowering from the beginning of March 

until! a good part of Ap'tl be fpent , at which time the Medias begin 
to difplay their noble colours, and about the end of that moneth, 
or the beginning of May^ are in the height of glory, and when paft, 

the Strotinas fucceed ^ and commonly continue the greateftpart of 
^ that month. ' 

H « 

The roots of all Tulips lofe their fibres every year , and^are to be 
taken up as foon as the ftalks are dry, which is commonly abbut Mid- 
/^^^r,andkeptdry outofthe " - - ' - ■" ' • ^^ .a . 

which in cold grounds is about 
more fer til grounds o^sber'. 

ground until! the time of fetting them 

the end of September , and in hot an<5 

The more common and ordinary kinds may be £tt in borders, or 

knots according tp the fancy of the 

richer and more noble foi 

but for the 

they will deferve to be lodged in parti 

ir beds by themfelves, ^provided for that p'urpofc, after the 
hereafter direfted. 


» »» 



- When the roots aic ready to be taken up, make choice of a fair 
calmday, and in ftiff or hard grounds, a long hollow Trowel will be 
(it for the purpofe ; but in the beft light ground, it may be done 
with the hands onely. 




t ' 

As the fcvera! flowers are taken up, lay them on papers^ where- 
on the names are wi;itten , and place them open upon fome boarded 
flore, where they muftfo remain to dry about twenty days 5 then 
take away the dead Fibresand loofe outer skins, and fuch off-fets or 
young roots as will eafily part from the old 5 which done, it will ba 

^cef fary to wrap up your bcft roots 'efpecially^ in frefli well dried pa- 





• tf 





pers, and on the out fi^es to write the name bf eacli flower whicji 
m^y be kept with their ofF-fets with them, untill the middle of Ah- 
guft^ at which time the o'ff-fets mud be Setliaa good bed prepared 
fpr that purpofe ; the old bearing roots left in the papers imtiU the 
time tore-mentioned for planting them 

After your roots are Tecured in Boxes 

♦ - 


f t- f I . « — > It Will be very neceffary 

often to look theni ©ver, left any fhould be mouldy, aS it often ha" 
oeth. which muft be gently wiped ofF with a woollen cloath 
root dried before the fire ; arid fo piit ijp again into a frefli paper 

The roots thus carefully difpofed, ft will be time to prepare a pi 
to plant them, which for the beft bearing roots is a bed or beds 
cording to your ftore, a yard broad 



th acco^dii 


• Pu' ?'? ^n^ bordered with rails, and filled two foot deep , 
with the lighted, frefheft, and fineft fifted earth that can be gotten 
Thefe beds will contain fix roots in every row crofs the bed which 
with a line may be exadly d:ividtd^ arid the roots placed accordin^^ly. 
but before they are fet, thcnumber of roots in each fore muftbl 

conlid?red, and the pofition of each particular defigned in a paper 

ding to this e^ampl 



- t 



iifstme . ^ 

-i ■ 

2 rot CHS. 

^La B^tlU DtA 3jMba[on 


Pafs Z^abhm 

de t\ 


^ r ^ 

I » 



Gtmd purpura Ceneral 
dc tJHurren , . ffple^ 

u^got Pivot 


'. i 



Snn Dem, 





' r 

Rich Patrol. 



.; ^jlrea. \ Agot 

\J^ ia 


' ■ ^ 

The i^ade, 

Cart ha no. 



whereby reckoning the numbe^-Sj tl^^ fiotVers may be fet, and aTfei* 
known before and after tl\?.ir tii^e of bearing, and fobythefamfi 
paper taken up and difp^fed as before is exprefted. In placing thefe 
rpots, fome fet the faddeft colours tovvafds the fides, and thcliehteft 

the mid 



but a hanfbrne mixture is befi: 


^her, thoug 

^.., ..v.. fetting too many 

different from' each other , 
nor tpjpjngle the Pr-^c^ f^^ with the MedUsyoi^i placing each fort in a 

particuUr becj j when thefe noble Tulip begin to rife up to flower, ic 
is very neceffary to cover the bed with a Canvas tilt (fupportcd with 
a.frame,aud raifed like a H^r/e that it touch not the flowers) efpecially 

ht to prevent FroflSj which often ^urdle the buds, and quite 


in t 

ill mt iiii^iiu v\j YL\.\\.ii\. X iwii-jj y»iiiv.ii v/i».».ii yuiMi^ Liiv uuua, U.11U. UUltC 

fpoil the beauty of the flowers, befides it defends them from hail and 

1? alfo fr.w the fcDrtching heat of the S 

ad (o 












caufc tliem to continue lon^ in flower. This tilt or canvas covering 
may be taken off before the time of flowering in fair days, and 

efh them with fome gentle {howers,but kept covered in the nigh 

and when fully bl 

them not above an hours Sun in the mor 


h in the evening, if the feafon be hot> otherwife they 

dure more. 

- y 

As for the more ordinary forts of Tulip that are fet in borders, or 
fpaces in knots^and no account kept of them, fuch, if the ground be 
good when they are fet, may ftand two years without taking up, but 
not longer, in refpeift the off-fets that rife from them, willcaufe 
the lowers to be fmall and weak , and all the nourifhment proper 
to this Plant exhaufted, fo that before they are fet again in the fame 

ice. the earth muft be changed for that which is frefh. 

- 1 

After the flowers are fain, break off the head or feed-veflTel from 
the ftalk of every flower, unlefs of fuch you referve for feed, which 
will caufe them to dry down the fooner, and alfo fortific the roots. 

Although the roots of tuUfs are for the moft part hardy , and of 
long continuance, yetfometimesfome of the befl: kinds will be in- 
feded with difeafes notwithftanding our greateft diligence and 

heir prefervat 

which hapfteth to the roots of fome 

whilft out of ground, and to others after they are fet. For the firfl:, 
obferving the root of any good flower , if it appear rivelled or 

. it isamanifeft 


pled on the out fide , and feel foft and fpungy 




which to prevent , wrap it up in Wooll dip 

ped in Sallet Oyl , and place it where it may receive fom 
warmth from the fire 5 and' abouts the end of Augufl fet it in the 
ground, putting fome foo: made by a wood-fire, mixed with fand, 
about it, covering the place with a pot, the bottom turned upward, 
to keep It from wet, until the fibres are com.e forth, which will be 
by the end of Sepemhcr or not at all. , With fuch roots thus handled 
it often happeneth, that though fome of the outer folds rot and con- 
fume, yet the middle and heart will remain found, and in two or three 
years bear a flower again. 




, Kow for fuch defers as happen to thefc roots after they are fee, 
and put forth green leaves ^ if any of them begin to fade and wither, , 
open the earth to the bottom of the root to find the caufe, and if the 
root be moift, and feel foft, it is paft help • but if any thing hard, it 
may be recovered by putting foot and dry fand to the root , and co- 
vering it, as in the former, leaving the place fomething open that ic 
may dry down the fooner : In hot days take off the pot, and take 

up the root as foon as the fibres are gone, and keep it in Wooll wet 

in Oyl near the fire •, laft fet it again after the manner of the former. 

by this means many good flowers have been faved , which negleded 
had been undoubtedly loft. 





And as we induftrioufly endeavor to recover fuch fickly roots of 







hoice {lowers, fo parpofely we iafed others more vukar with fick 


aking up tJie roots a little before they come to flower, and 

laying them in the Sun^ to' abate their luxury, and caufethem 

ked they cai 

this i have often done with 

ttddelj Fafi He- 

ftrong and lufty roots of the Pafs Ouiinard, 

ron^ Agot Robine^ Turloone^ Widorvsy and fuch like ordinary flowei 

and commonly found the fuccefs anfwer my expcdlation in many,and 



come To well marked 

for much better flowtrs than they 

that they might be taken 
fpecially if a ntw name be 

put up 

fome flower-merchants about Undon ufe to do 

The next thing to be conlldered , 


is the manner of raifing nt^^ 
a for the beft Florifts j and this is effedcd 
chiefly , by fowirig the feeds of fome choice flowers , as alfoby 
the changing of ott-fets, and the fecret working of nature upon 
divers felt -colours. 





For feeds, you mnft be Aire to make choice of fuch flowers as have 

flrons flalk 

d the feed- vefTel three fq 

of fuch kinds as are 

moft conftantly well marked, and fuch as have the bottoms and Ta 

mis, either blew or purpl 




ly to be fouad in the 

coces^ whofe bottoms are commonly white or yellow *, yet there is 

aptly marketh with th 

kind before defcribed by the name of the 


and hath the bottom and Tamis 

both blew , from the feeds whereof doubtlefs many fine 

may be raifed 

this the Flcriz,ante , Mor'tllion Cramofi. 

fhot^ Admiral Mticufen, and the reft of the well-marked 


thoHthopc^ but from t\\Q Fue-Jtoy , and thcvarietiesof 
few better than the originals are to be expeded. 

The MedhtSyOr middle flowering Tulifs, afford many more excel* 

lent varieties fit for this purpofe, as the Adoratea of ksttAnd^ Car' 

thage. Paragon ^eron^Do^ior Bolfen, Parag»n FlortfonjKojal Tudart^ 
Orient Fir gtn ^ DUm^ Angcllica^ CtdaneUAy Frincefs Turgianay all 

the Brabafons^ berv Anvsrs^ and divers Others : -All thefe named 
being well-marked flowers,of different colours , with blew or purple 
bottoms and Tamis, not apt to run^ but abiding conftanttothe 
laft •, and therefore all flowers of hope, . and fuch as few lovers and 
collectors of flowers are without. 

Commonly we makfe choice of fuch we intend for ked^ when they 
are in flower,but in fo doing we often fail of our purpofe. for that the 
roots lofe their fibres, and the ftalks dry before the feeds come to be 
half ripe •, to prevent which, make choice of the ftrongeft roots yoy 
have, of fuch flowers you defire to feed ^ and fet them in that part 
of your Garden mofl: expofed to the Sun, fix or feven inches in the 
ground -, by which means you may gain good ripe feeds, from almofl 
any flower^ as I have found by experience. 

About the middle of ^/^/;,, fooner or later, as the Summer if 






A. !B.ookl 

Ibtter or colder , the feeds will be ready to gather, which may be 
known by the drynefs of the ftalks, and the opening of the feed- 

veffels, which gathcrjand take up the roots, letting the feeds remain 

in the pods until the end of Seftemher^ and then take them out, 

which being cleanfed from chaff, may be fowed in beds of fine fifted 

earth, efpecially the more ordinary forts ^ but thofc of the choiceft 

flowers, muft be fowed in Boxes filled with the fineft earth that can 

begotten, in refped the young roots are apt to run down deep in 
the earth, fo that in beds many ofthem will be lofl: Sow not thefe 

feeds too thick,nor cover them more than a finger thick 5 in March 

following they will come up with fmall leaves like grafs, and in April 

weed , and gently water them , as often as you Ihall find occafion. 

About Midfummer^ two years after the fowing , you may take them 

up, clcanfe the fmall roots, and fet them again in rows at a wider di- 

ftance, and fo every other year until they come to bear flowers^ ftill 

altering the ground withfrefb earth and fifted compofl before you 

fet them again • it will be fix or feven years before the Fr^cecesmW 

bear flowers , but the MedUs a year or two fooner j when you fee 

the ilowerS;, mark out the befl, and ^iVQ them new names , cafiin 

away the common reds , yellows , and purples, and referving fuc 

feJf-colours chiefly as are light, with blew, purple, or black bottoms 

and Tamis , for fuch of teii change into fairer flowers , and better 

marked, thari many that Ihew their befl at firft flowering. 


J , 

And although probably many fine flowers may be raifed from the 
feeds of thofe well-marked flowers before mentioned, yet fuch as 
have a good colledion of Mo da or felf-colours , obferving what co- 
lours are aptefl to change , and by the bottoms running up into the 
leaves become well marked with fevcral colours ^doubtlefs by fowino- 
the feeds of fuch, the produsfl maybe as anfwerable to expedation^and 
though they come at firfl: wholly of one colour , yet if that be either 
Orenge^xmSioii^ Hair, Dove, Gredeline, ifabeHay Shamway,or any 
other light or ilrange colour, they are to be efieemed , for in a year 
or two, many fuch have changed into good marked flowers , and fo 
with all their increafe continued- 

To haflcn which effedl, let fuch of your colours as are firong and 
luxuriant, be fet in lean and hungry, but frefh ground, and the next 
year after in that which is fat and well manured j and fo yearly remo- 
ved to contrary foils, un till you obtain the end defired 5 and fuch 
flowers may be fet in your Garden, and the refl continued. The like 
courfe is held with oif-fets, to caufe them to alter from the original, 
as maay have done, for the General BoU came from the brotP» Art- 
>vers^ the CedaneUa from the Zeahlom^ and many fine flowers from 
^hcBraBafoff^Turloon^znd Widows, 


As for the planting of the beft Tulip , ' a pro?ifion of manured, 
frcfli,light fandy earth is neceffary,ycarlyto maise new beds for them, 
or by taking away that wherein they grew to fupply the place 5 for if 
Tul/fs (as many good Florifts conclude) be fee twice in the fame 




Chap.X. : F L <RA 

jearth, they will languifli and decay for wane ofagreeable nouriOitnent- 
yet if you have ftore of Neacs dung mixed with fand, that hath lain 
.on a heap two or three years , the fame fifted , and in Augajl )yt\l 
mingled with the earth of your bed in any good air will be fui'ficient, 5 
many about London complain of tlie e^rth, when indeed the fauh is 
in the air. I have fet m^ beft Tulifs twenty years fuccefsively in one 
bed 5 where by the means prefcribed , they have profpered to my 
wifh, and often beyond my expe(5lation. ■ 





% \ 

Be Dajfodill^ next the 71«///>j,dererveth mention^in re-' 
fped of the great variety and excellence thereof; we 
will begin with thofe called tnieDaffodtls^md fopro- 
J ceed to the baftard kinds , of both which, there are 
lingle and double^ , fome with broad ^ fome with naf-.. 
^row^ green leaves, fome bearing one, arid others many flowers on one 
-ftalk 5 but in refped many of them; are now common and of fmall 
efteem, we will infert the beft in every kinde, and fuchonely as are 
fitteft to be collected and entertained by all that delight in flowers 5 

begining firft with that beft known^ called 

,;■ ' Narcijfas Nonpan 





T He incomf arable Daffodilt hath a great and fomething round roor,^ 
covered with brownifli skins, as the roots of all D^ffodilts are, 
from whence rifeth up three or four long broad leaves, of a grayifli 
green colour , with a ftalk more than two foot high , at the top 
^whereof out of a thin skinny Jiusk (as all others do) cometh forth one 
large fingle flower, hanging down the head and looking one way, as 
all DaffodfSsdoy confiftingof fix pale yellow large leaves, almofl 
round pointed, with a large and wide chalice or cup in the middle,of 
a deeper yellow, cut and indented about theed^es ^ this fometuuft 
hath a flower with twelve or more leaves, and a large cup^ whict is 
occafioned by the fport of Nature,.joyning two flowers together 

Narcijfus Nonparelflotr jftve chalice pleao 


* 1 


He incomf arable VaffodiH whh a double ptper or cffp^ is in all trie 
parts thereof like unto the former, the flower onely excepted^ 

which in this hath the cup in the middle, very large, thick, and 
double, confifting of longer pale yellow leaves, and divers broken 
parts of the deeper yellow cup,mingled together one within another, 
which befides the border ot large leaves, forms a reaConable hk 

double flower^ "thisis called Nmips fafCitromHahY the Wafhc^fs 

M that 









that bfoflght it lately' oiit of Ftafiders by that name 5 I have ha^d it 
mafty yeais, afid haVe ffow great ftore thereof by the increafe of one 
root tvhith I received froiti Pat is by the name ot the double nenf^tU 


Ndrdjfus Oallitfd majbr flore i}leno. 


ke great double French Haffodii hath narrower aid fliort^r green 
leaves than the former, the ftalk rifeth about a foot high,bear-" 
ing one fair double flower, compofed of many {harp-pointed leaves, 
confufedly thruft together without order, of a pale yellow colouc 
almoft white •, the leaves of this flower are thin and apt to ftick to- 
gether, and riever open at all if thefeafon be wet, yet in fome^years 

it will come very fair and well opened; 

'ISl.intjfws GaUiCHs minor florefleno, 

lie ieffer^eftidt French baffodill is iri all the parts thereof lefTer 

tfianthebtherj it beareth upotf a weak ftalk one fine double 
flower, made of many (harp-pointed leaves lying one oV'er the other, 
and (horter by degrees to the middle thereof, like aflarwithfijc 
Jjoints 5 this is of fomeching a yellower colour than the formet, and 


^ % 


* » 





T He double iphiteBaffodiR of Virgink Cometh upwith two fmali 
^reeh leaves, and betwixt them the ftalk about fix mches hi^^h 
bearing one fiir double White floWerj in form like the laft defctibed 
fcut onely in th(^mid<Ile thereof Cometh foith a fmall long white for^, 
or horn, ^hJS:\i a^deth muth to the beauty ol" the flower 5 this is 
tender a&d will fcarcely tend ure our Winters'^ yet more hardy than 
ttiat little fmgle .^fright F/r^/»/>w i)4 "*' ' 

Called Mio Mufce^ 
t^'hich is riiDt worth tlie care which is required in the kccpin'^ of it 

U L r 


. 'N4rdJJ}iS Alhus multiplex, 


^•'edinthlewhtemfodill is fo tommmbnd Well known unto all 

that have any judgement in flotms, that it nieedeth no defcrip- 

• tion, yet for the beauty of the flower, andthefweetfcentjmaybe 

admitted ., every other year in June or ^ul^ it muft be taken up, the 

fmall roots and ofF-fets caft away, the biggcft onely retained, which 

may be kept dry lintill the mM\t of SefUmher^ and then fet^ will 

in^ue feafon bfino forth fair double flovvers 

» J- 


Thef^are thefeeft of the true DdjfodiUs that bear one flow 


Khali now giv€ you the time bf their flowmag, and then 



ChalK X. 




« \ 

the planting and ordering of them to the end of the Chapter, where 
one general diredion may ferve for all. * 

J * 

^rhmn-fAfcll fingle and double, Howef in the end of ^ml or 
beginnmp ot Afrii , the double French BxffodiUs fooner , about the 
middle of M.irch 5 the white of VirginU iiTi the end of ^;,;7, and the 
c&mmgn white about the fame tifne,or a little after it; 

N,irctJ)tpi AfrkajmianrciU major. ■ ' 

'Y^fgr^'^^y^'^f^jvDaffodjS of Afriu is the moft ftately of all the 

iingle DaffoMs^ that bear many flowers on one ftalk, whereof 

but none of .them comparable to this, fo 

will care bat lit tie for any of 

there are four or five for 

that thofe that are furniflied with 



other . the leaves of. this noble DaffodilixrQ lon<> 
-eener colour then others, among which cometC 

and broad, of 

n ,, - . I , ' " • forth a ftrono; 

italk, not fo long as the leaves, bearing at the top thereof in an old 

and well-grown Plant, ten or twelve large flowers ,- of a fairfliinin^ 
yellow colour, with round large boles or cups, of a deeper yelJow 
than the fix outer leaves, of an excefsive fweet fcent ; the root is 
great, andinfafliionlike that of otherD^/^i/Y/jj it is 'ufually called 

Narciffus d' Algiers^ and Africattus Folyamh 

Na)x I jf us Sulphur e us major. 

He great Brimjlon-colfiured pafodiH hath narrower and greener 

hath commonly four 

thelaft, yet full 


five flowers on one jftalk, which at firft opening areof abrigh 

'"" "'th a large round Saffron-coloured ciip, after 



hath been blown fome time, the leaves turn to a more fallen Brim- 
fton-colour, and the cup alfo waxeth paler 5 this is fwcec like the 
former and worthy of efteem, 


\ ^>larctjfusl<larhonenfl^ft'V^m^i\Q\utms, 


He^ Trench DaJfodiUmth thejellow cuf hath long and fomething 

broad leaves , but not fo long as the two former, it beareth 
fometimes eight or ten flowers on one flalk, made of fix fmall white 
leaves, and a little round yellow cup in the middle , of a/ofc Cweec 
fcent ', of this kinde there are five or fix feveral forts^ fome dower- 
ing earlier, foipe bigger, and fome bearing more flowers than others. 

Nircijfm totusalhus TolUnthos. 


T^He All'Vphite Daffodtll rvith many flowers is like the French Daffo- 
. dtll laft defcribed, onely the flowers are all white , ' as well the 
cup as the outer leaves : of this there is a leffer and a greater, but the 
greater is much the better. 








'Book I 

Kardjfiis Cypriii^ fiore fUno foliintl 

I - 

He double lellow DapM of Cyprm mth mm^pmrs hath leaves 
almoft as broad and long as the formerj and aftalk aboreafoot" 
liigh, which bearethfour Or fivcfmall double pale yellow flowers, 
of a ftrong heady fcentiitis tender and muft be defended from frofts in 

the winter. 


Naniffn^ mediolutem Corona dupl 



He Turky Daffodilt mh n doubli Cnm cometh Up with thi 

four long broad leaves, with a large tall ftalk, bearing four or five 
fmall milk-white flo 

vVers. with a double yellow cup in the middle^ 

fmali (hort yellow leaves, or parts of feverju 

cups, one within another -, this is exceeding fweec, arid not fo tender 

pofedof many 

the laft 


THedouhU Ddffodill of CanfiaHmofle mth mMnj flowers k like 
;Jie laft defcribed, the leaves come up before other Daffodils, and 
the ftaltc beareth four or five fmall double white flowers, the 
leaves ftandjng without order, and many pieces of a yellow cup 
among ihcm: there is another of this kind that beareth fewer and 
lefTer flowers 5 the pieces of the yellow cup, that is mij^ed with the 
whiteleaves, are edged with purple 5 they are both very fwcetand 
fine flowcrSj but the firft is much the better, and is more tender that! 

the other. 

The great AfricArt Dafodm ^omtt)\ about the mMlt <i( March ^ 
the Brimflone -colour in the beginning of jifrit^ t\\t French I>af* 
fodils^ and the all white, betimes in March, the double yellow of 
Cyprus flovvrcth about the encf oiAfril^ and the other of Con^ 
' ftafitirtopkj about the end oiMarch^ but after fome mild winter much 

- ^, , ., 

' 1 

Thenextdivifionof utie DaffodtMsls oifuxcifolUsjthQ^c with 
round rufl>likc leaves, whereof there is ibme diverfity, the beft of 

which are thefe that follow. 



arcijjui Juncifolius alius. 


He white ^unquiUa, or Rufh Daffodill, hath a fmall round blacki(h 




oof, from whence li>riftg up three or four fm^ll long Rufh 

leaves^ mth a ftalk more than a foot high, bearing three 


ittle flowers, eachcontaining fix white leaves, and a round cup 
in the middle, of the fame coloty. There is another of this kind thac 
beareth white flowers, with larger cups, in nothing elfe differing. 




CLf, X. 




TSim'iffusJmdfoUm florc alho rcflexd. 


^^e n^hat nmngfun^utUM, b\ ujh DxffoM^ hath ^een Jeat^ 

^ likt the former) bat foniewhat iliorteri rounder, and gj^ener 

the leaves oF the flowers are larger, the cups much bigger, ind botll 
of 1 white colcur : the i!x leaves tiirtifrig back tveii to 




K.trcijfiis J mrcifoli Its Jl oir luteb nftcxo-. 

^Heydhw tnr i^ii^^fuyiqmlm diflereth chiefly ftotii the laft in 

* the colour oF the flowers, which iri this ane wholly tif a told yel- 
low colour. 3 ^ 


ISLirajfiisJunclfoliHs chaUce alho reflcxls foliis lutels. 

^HijiSmmnifigfu^uiUawhh 4 ^hincnp differeth from thi 

\ reft, in that the outer leaves of the flowers ^it pale yshow^ ^hd 

the cups milk white. • 

. Nardjjiisjuncijoliui' chaUce IuUq rcflcxisfoHls alhidis, 

Hd Mte tttrdh^ ^uiiqmlm, with dycH^w euf^ is only diffef eflt 
from tlie other, in that the flowers Ate contrary to them^ the vA\- 
ning leaves in this, being white, and the cup yellow. 





ws lute us mao-no chalice. 

He ^unqtiilU^ox: Rujl} Daffodil with a great cu^^is bigger ift all t 

parts thereof than any of the former, the flowers arc feldom more 
than three on one ftalk, which are larger than in any other Ruflj Daf- 

fodil, the outer leaves are yellow, and do riot turn towards fhe ddk 
but rather towards the cup, which is big pfoporCidiially i^ the 0HE9f 

leaves, and of a deeper yellow colour. ■ ^ . L 

. " "Karcljfiisjunclfollus lutcm flore pUn0. 


TtJedonbh JunquiliHy of Rajh PaffodiH^ ifi all the paft§ thlf eof, is 
. like the common fttffqmlia^ only the flow^is of this ar^ thick 
ilflddoiiblej confiftitig of fev^fal rows of leaves^ with the c^ps^ Qt 

pieces thereof, betwixt every row of bigger leaves, and wholly df i 

fair yellow colour: there is another ofthis kind that beareth double 
flowers, but klfer and much inf^iour to thiSi 

" All thdtfu^qfiiUas tf\! RtijhP^ffedih^ do gdwfr ih AfriL fms 

foonef than others^ andfmoft of thofe thSt turn back ih^k l.'iivsS, 

are commonly irt tover togethef. 







FX %A, . ^ookh 

Naniffus Marmusjtve tertius Mathioli 


^HegreatSeaDapdill^Qv Mathiolus his third B affodiL huh 2l 

A root far bigger than any other the forementloned Dafodills the 
leaves are commnnly fix in number, of a whitifti green colour twice 
astkckandbroadasanyofthe former, bnt not fo long as many of 
taem, from the middle and fides whereof fpringeth up one two and 
fomecimesthreegreatftalks, more than a foot high, bearmg at the 
tops thereof, ten tweire, or more flowers on each ftalk, confiftine of 
fix white leaves fpread or hyed open, with a white fhort cup or crown 
m the middle lymg flat upon the leaves, cut or divided into iix cor- 
ners, trom whence ftandeth forth long white threads, turning up the 
ends, and fome other white threads in the middle alfo, tipt with yel. 
low pendents. • 


. this fprinpth late out 6f the ground, feldome before the be^^in- 

^"^^^^ /^fM""^ flowreth in theend oi May^ and fome times not un- 
tiil the beginning of ^«;!7^. 





Narcijfus Miens mumnalis latifoUus ruhdlus Injlar Ltl'tt ' 

folianthos. . 

T^j?/f f ^^W-/^4^tf^ AHtmn mffodiU, with many Lily-like 
-*• reddifli flowers on one ftalk. ^ ^ 


Nardjfus Indkm autumnalis ruhello dhicante colon folUmhos , 
ftalk'"'^'^'' ^«^»/»» DaffcMU, with many blufli flowers on one 




Indkus latifo!iafquamo/a radke flore ph 

Jrtf Mt-^ 

fJlf'T ^"'^ ■ ^'"■^"l ^'•P'^ll, with a fcaty root, and fcarlet 


nanijfus latifolm flore Thmkeo inflar Jacobs folianths. 

^v£X ^^tS'^f' T^- f*i«'«^ wers, many on one ftalk, 
VDJgai ly called ^» obcA this is the red Daffodil defcribed by Mr 

SSty ^ ' " ""''"''^^'P' '" ^^' ^'''^ «^^ ^"'J '^' flower of 


Kardjfus Virglniams latifoUus flore furpurafcente. 

fl'fAt'''':! f'n^V^nModd mth a This 

il^Kt^T^^^^^ ftalk,1ikef^/ll Liilie 

:. i'.!P" PL^^^^^^^ and feldome fl^ewin 



hVe in 

fide^nfVK«t. '• • *^ , ^' **"" Acwumc inewing tnem- 
n ou^s of'r'' ^" ''' "''"^'^ r ^^^^y^ ^"^ ^ '^^'^^^ ^vfir hardly 

in ours oi this gencratign tf the Kmt^m gf 5^4/^;? or (jWg 



\ ^ 

. I 

Chaf. X. 


Lillj , wliich there profpci^ and bears i.i oa^ier Peach-colourei 

flowers . 

neft hfaj, DMitls flower lace, nioft of tHem hot Wfore i.*- 
temkr and fome after ; they ate all ftrangers in £ WW, except 

that ot Crnfp : many of them are defcribed by FctrariJ md 1 

finde them all mentioned in the Catalogue of the >.m Gar/en bu 
of what beauty they are, or how they profper there, I confefs t 
am yet to. learn, and I doubt /W«« Plants like little better in rr,>,,e 
nTlhlx ^^''«/'^^7 being of the nature of the great' Sea 
r„pd,L ii the fibres be cither broken in taking up thofe large roots 
or ipoiled by fo long a iourney , the roots wilt undoubtedly perifl/: 
£iid never comprehend in the ground or fprirtg at all. And thu's 
mud. for the true DaffodHs , and now we fli^l pafs to the bafta?d 
kind and fet down fome or the bed of them, beginning with the 
biggeft and bell known, called o ' "'« 


Tfeudonarcifus awCus Hifpankm niaxhnus. 

Begrut^dlow spa»ilh haflardD^JiU, from' a great rooi Ctt 
deep in the ground, which it afifedeth, cometh up many thick 
fhft leaves^ of a grayidi green coldftr, with a ftalk three foot hi^h 
bearing at the top thereof onefair large yellow /lower, nothanam- 
down the head.but Hmdmg forth, con/Ifting of fix (hort, and fo"" 


thing broad leaves, and a great 1 runk in the middle, a little crump 
led, and Wide open at the mouth, turning up the brims. 



He great white SpAnili3hallardi)affodill is not fo large as the for- 
mer yellow in any of the parts thereof : it beareth one milk- 
bite flower, hanging down the head,^vhich is of the fafliion, artd 
moft as big as the former 5 there ^re two other JTortS of white spa- 
/^baftard Baffodtlls ^ which are lefTer , and wholly of a Sm\y' 

_ * 

^feudomrcijfus ffuximm /lore til 


. ?'/ 

He greatefl double ^dflard Dafodill ^ O^Tradefcants double Z>./#"^ 

diff^ of allother IS the moft {lately, and beareth the biegeft 
doubleft, and gallantert flower of all the douhk DaffodiUs ^ ic'hacl 
a great round root covered with a brownifh skin, from whence {^rln<^' 
eth fonr or five fomewhat large leaves, but not yery lon» , of a wh; 
tith green colour, the ftalk rifeth about a foot high , blarin'^at th 

J w^vaiillg 

top thereof one fair preat flower, very much fpread open like a fu5- 

blown province- iJ<>/f, cotrrifting of a great numl)er of fmall pak 

yellow leaves, and almoft as many larger^ of a deeper yellow colour 

ftanding in rows one under another, flioiter and iliorte|by dec^iees' 

middle of the flow 




A. ^ 'Book I 


Tfeudonarcifsus major florcpleno. 


UggHs great double hafiardDaffodtll ^ in all tlie parts thereof is 
like the laft defcribcd, but onely in the faQiion of the flower, 
which of this^ is of the fame yellow colour, large and double , but 
not fo well fpread open, nor the' broken parts of the cup fo' well par- 
ted, being like to the next in falbion, but far more thick and double, 
and a much better flowefi 

* « 

^feudonarcijftis minor fiore pleno. 



THe kjfer double baflard DafodiU , or WiUmcrs donbk Daffodil/^ 
hath as large rootSj and fomething longer leaves than the for- 
.mer -, it beareth one double yellow large flower, but not fo fair and 
double as either of the former, yet the leaves of this are larger, 
though not fo many -, fometimes it will be a fair double flower with 
the cup much broken , and mixed with the paler outer leaves , and 
fometimes with the fix paler outer leaves,and a great double Trunck, 
in fome clofe and unbroken , and in others half broken, and divided 
into many parts. ; 

^feudonarcijfus flore pleno minimus, ' ^ 

He leafi douhle baftard Daffodil/ , or Parkinfsns doiJibk Baffodill, is 
like the laft in all the parts thereof, but leffer -, the flower is 

double, confiding of fome r owes of pale yellow outer leaves, ani 
fome pieces of a broken, deeper, greeriiOi yellow Trunck, forming 
a long greenifti yellow double flower j not fo big as the lafl. 


Tfeudonarcijjus Jngltcus fiorc pleno. 


He douhle Englifh baflard Daffodilly or Gerards double Daffodilly 

diflfereth onely from the common £;/^//y^ bafiardDaffedtll , in 
that the flower of this is double, Gonfifting of the pale yellow outer 
leaves , and parts of the deeper yellow trunck , diviaed in feverai 
rows one within another, and fometimes the trunck is onely double, 
and fome parts or fides of the flower of a greenifli yellow. 



onarcijfus angujiifolius aureus multiplex. 

i v""_ 

THe golden douhle narrow4edved Daffodill hath narrow leaves, of a 
whitifti green colour , about four or Ave inches long , with a 
ftalk almoft a foot high, bearing one double flower, confiftingof fix 
yellow outward leaves, and many that are fmaller and of a deeper 
yellow, thick fct together in the middle, with fome of the paler 
leaves among them-, the middle of the flower pointing forth, diffe- 
rent from all the double Daffodills 5 this is as rare as any of the for- 

' ■ They 




Chat'. XT. 


... . . . t 

Tliey do all ilow'er from the middle of Mayd^ to the middle of 
J^ril, moft oF them being commonly In flower together, 

. ^feiuknarciffus Jwicifolius allms. ' ^ 

t f 

He tvhke hazard ^^unquHU, or Rujh Dapdill, kth two or three 

, ,, ^ ,- . . . , , . . ^^^^^l f<^ found or RiS-Vike, as 
thofe of the fore-mentioned kmds ; the ftalk is about half a foot 

high, bearing at the top one fmall white flower with fixfmaW and 
iliort leaves, ftanding about the middle of the trunck, which is long 
and verj^ wide open at the brims, the fmall outer leaves are a little 
greenift, and the great trunck is milk-white 


fjeudonarcijfus Juncljoliu^ lute us mmr, . • 

Begreatjellenv haflard ^unquilU hath bigger, longer, and broa^ 
der green leaves than the former, the ftalk is higher, atid the 
flower larger and more open at the mouth than the white, and 
wholly of a yellow colour ; Of this there is another fort that 
no way' differeth from it , but in that I'c is lefTer in all the parts 
thereof 5 there is likewife a third , that is like the great ytll 

but fairer, and flowereth a moneth after it , in all other parts 


■* w 

All thefe haftard JunquitUs flower in March, except the laft which 
is a month later-, the lefler yellow is the moft common , and is fold 
h'^thQ Walloons, by thtnimQ 0^ f^n a tti Mia Mut one, ' '* ' 

f I 



The gr^ateft number oF the Daffodiils are hardy , . and increafe ex- 
ceedingly in almoft any foil, and fome of them are very tender , and 
mufl: be planted in good earth, a warm place, and defended from 
Frofts in Winter , fuch are the douhle white D^ffodilts of Firg 

t)\Q double u How of Cyprus^ and thofe of Conliantinopte , and indeed 


thofe that bear many flowers on one ftalk are more tender than 

the other forts, therefore it will be convenient to pi 
thcr under fome South wall, where they may ftand unremoved many 
yearSj inrefped they are not very apt toon-fet ; neither do they* 
yearly, unlefs they be taken up, lofe alltheir fibres , fo that by long 
ftanding in a place the roots will grow great, and the flolvers will be 
many and fair 5 all the other forts that bear but one flower, maybe 
taken up in the beginning of ^une^ and kept dry untill Se}t ember j> 
the Sea Daffodilly and thofe oi India excepted, which -hold theill. 
fibres, and muft not be removed but upon necefsity , and then plan- 
ted again as foon as may be.- " ', 

The Sea Daffodil is far more hardy than thofe of India^ which re- 
quire to be planted in boxes, and faoufed in winter, but the other may 
be fet under a fouth wall where it may fland twenty years without re- 
moving. If any defire to fow tht feeds o^DaffodiHs^ in hope to raife 


ii . 








(II J. . Sookl, 

fome new varieties, thofe of the Nonfarel^ the great Spanifh ydlow^ 

the SPanijh whites; the great fu^qmiid, and the baftard kind, are 
the apteft to bring good feeds, and the likelieft to yield diveriities-, 
they may be f^wed in Sepemher^ and not removed of three years, 
and then in ^unt taken up, and prefently fet again, in good ground 


at wider diftances, where they may ftand until you may fee what 
flowers they wiU bear, and then difpofed as they Ihall defcrve, 


The feeds of the Sea Daffedill muft be fowed very thin by it felf, 
and Bot removed for the fpace often years, about which time it will 
bear ilowers, and when you take it up, the Fibres, which it ftUl hold- 
eth, muft be kept whole, and the root prefently fet again, where ic 
may ftand without removing: all the IndUn Daffodils are of the fame 
naturc,but much more tender. If the feeds were obtamed, perhaps 
they might be the produ^s to plants more durable, being naturali- 
zed and bred up in our own Countrey, but fo long expe^ation re- 
^uireth much patiencis, though little pains in planting, ofllyfowing 

ibem in boxes, letting them not freez in Winter, nor want water in 


' Having now done with the Daffodils^ wee will conclude this Chap- 
ter with lome diverlities of Luceium mlbeffm, the Sulboui Violet^ 

which is of the nature of the Daffodills, and then proceed to the Hy 


Lncoium B ulhofum precox majta. 

He greater CArtj BttlhoKS r/W#?, from a fraall round root, like un- 
to that of a Dafffidil^ putteth forth three or four very green broad 
flat and (hort leaves, with a naked green ftalk, at the top whereof 
out of a thin skin cometh forth one, and fometimes two froall white 
flowers, hanging down the heads, confifting of fix (hort leaves, ftand- 
ing round together, with fmall fliarp points, of a ^pale greenifti 




LucommlulhQfumpritcox minus, 

i- - ■ 


THe lejfer early Bulbous Violet cometh up with two narrow gray- 
ifh green leaves, with a fmall ftalk betwixt them, bearing one 
fmall pendulous flower, with three fmall pointed white leaves, on 
the out fide, with three (horter within them, ftanding round like a 
cup, edged with green : this is that common kind vulgarly called the 


LHcoium majus hulhfumferttinum. 



He great late-fiomm bulbous Violety is in all the parts thereof 

ylike unto the firft, but much bigger, it bearctb upon a 

reafonablc tall ftalk, bigger in the middle than at cither end, three 

or four flowers, like ia form afldcolotty unto the firft : we liave 

^ had 


Chap. XL 



had two other varieties which came from Portuhll, but both 
them fo tender that they would not abide in our cold Countrey, 

The Mflowreth about the end of /-f^rw^r;, the fecond ofleffdr 
a fortnight before It, and the great late flowring kind, not untill 

May, , ' 



They all increafe by the root like Daffodills, being very apt to pff- 
fet . they lofe their fibres, and therefore may be taken Up and kept 
dry untill Autumn, and then choice being made of the biggeft roo!s 
to let, the reft may be caft away, for a few of thefe will be fufficienc 
to furni/li a garden, efpecially of the lefTer and common kind, , 



CHAP. xi. 


Hyachithus Jlvejacmthus, 


all Florifts, 

He Hyacinth^ or facinth^ is of divers forts, and many of them 
of fmall efteem, we will make choice of the beft, and Cet 
them down in order, beginning with that fo much defired by 

Hyachithus Jndtcus 'tuleroja radlce. 

He great Indian tuherou^-rooted Hucinth hath a thick tuberous 

knobbed root, formed 

feveral heads, with many thick 

fibres at the bottoms of them, from thofe heads rife up feveral 
ftron^ and tall lialks, fet with divers fair. lonff. and broad green 

yned at the bottom clofe 

he ftalk, where they 



biggeft, growing fraaller and fmaller even to the top thereof, where 
ftand many fair large flowers, each corapofed of fix white leave 
fpread open Hke thofe of a white Daffodilly with fome (hort threds 
the middle, and of a ftrong fweet fcent : there is another of this 
kind that differeth only from this, in that it is lefTer in all the parts 
thereof. - . . - 

Hyacinthus (Botroides major ftVe MufcarifloreflaVo, 


He great yellow Musk GraPeptver^ or yeSorv Mttfcariy from a long 

round root, with many tnick fat fibres underneath (which do not 
periih as thofe of many ot the other jacinths do) fpring up five 
or fix leaves, which at firft are reddi(h, and after of a whitifh green 
colour,hollow,or guttered on the upper fide-, fometimes from an old 

that hath flood long unremoved, cometh up three or four weak 

ftalks, commonly lying on th 


loaden towards the top with 

many flowers, like little botdes,of a fair yellow colour, and of a Musk 

fweet fcent 




I 4 

1 ■ 

Mujcarljlore cineritio. 

- > 

THe Ajh-cjoloured MufcAfi^ is in rootSj leaves, ftalks and flowers 
like unto the laft, but fomething lefler, the leaves a little paler, 
and the flowefsof a bleak Afli-colourj as fweet^ or rather fweeter than 
the former. , . . . 

Mufcari flore rubro. 



THe red Mufcari^ differeth chiefly from thelaft, in that the flovv- 
ersofthis arc of a yellowifh red colour, and of a fofter fweec 

fceh t , 

Mufcari flore dbo. 

THe jvhite Mufcari is like the laft, only the flowers of this are of a 
pale bleak white colour, and of a ftrong Musky fcent. 


Hydc'tnthus comojus ramofnspurpweus. 


He fair-haired branched Jacinth hath broader leaves than any of 
the former, not lying on the ground, but (landing more upright, 
but hollo w 1 ike the other, the ft alkrifet hup half a yard high, bran- 
ched out on every fide,with many tuffs or knaps at the ends of them, 
of a dark murrey purple colour : the roots are great, and hold their 
fibres like thole of the Mufcari ♦ 

Hyacinth mcomofm ramcfus elegantior. 



THe fair curled haired Jacinth kin all the parts thereof like the 
former, the only difference being in the flowers, which ot this is 
abufh^ or tuft of many branches. Tub-divided into divers long curled 
threds or hairs > of a fine bright ttiurry purple colour, as well the top 
of the ftalk as the flower : this is a beautifull, and ft range faftiioned 
flower, and hath been of great efteem, but now grown fomething 


Hyacinthus Stellatm major Ternnnus. 

V' ev 

^^ He great parry Jacinth of Feru^ from a great root, like unto that 

A of the Mufcari, come up before winter, many broad, long, fliarp- 
pointed green leaves, which lye on the ground round about the head 
thereof, from whence rifeth up a thick ihort ftalk, bearing from the 
middle to the top thereof, upon long foot-ftalks, very many blew 
ftar-like flowers, with fome blew threds, tipt with yellow pendents, 
ftanding about a middle head, which is of a deeper blew colour, than 
that of the ftx outer leaves, 

Hyacinthus Stellatus major Teruamis JJore alto. 


T He great Vfhitefiarr'j jacinth of Pern^ hath leaves of a lighter 


reen colour and IclTer than thofe of the former, the fluwers 

■ Wh 






a^. XL 


are notTo msny on the flalk^and white, with 3 little (lew of bjufl] to- 
wards the bottom, in all dther parts agreeing with the other. 

Hjachitfpus Sicllutii^mjjor Tenumisflof'e ca.'Hco. ■' 

V » 

t * 

ce cdruko. 

He great ^lujl) ftanj jacinth of Peru is in all tilings hke the firfl. 
the onely ditterence is in thd colour of the flowers ', which in 
-thiSj are of a fine purplifli blufli-cdlour. . ' ■ ' ;:' - 




Hyacinthnsjieilatus Lllijolio, ^ 

THe blew Lillj4eaved flarrj Jacinth hath a root 
yellow fcaleSjLke unto that of the white Lillj 
longer, from whence fpring up many broad gr 
unto thofe of a X/7/)', but (horter -, the ftalk rifeth about a foot high, 
bearing many ftar-like flowers at the top thereof, which are of a 
liiiht blew colour^ with fix (hbrt leaves in fne middle, ftaridins round 

compofed of pale 
, but fmaljer ancl 
een leaves , like 



4a.... ' 

1 ' 


« ■ 

of this kind there are two other forts^ differing onely in the^- 
lou'r of the flowers, which in the one is whitejand in the other blu(]j, 
in all other refpeds agreeing with the former. 

I ■ 


'"The Indian H jacinth doth not flower in our Country untill Au^ufl'^ 
the Muf caries y and the fair-haired Jacinths flower in Jpril-^ the 
flarry Jacinths of Peru , arid thofe with LiUy leaves, bring iorth 
their flowers in May^ 


The roots of all thefe Jacinths do hold their fibres, therefore 
not to be kept long out of giouri J , nor the fibres broken whenre^ 
moved-, they are to be tranfplanted in Juguft , except ths Indtaff 
Jacinths , which are yearly to be taken up in ^/r/7, the roots care- 
fully parted without breaking the great fibres, and thus re-planted; 
ut fome rich earth in the bottom of a pdit,and place the root fo that 
It may be covered on all fides, with fome natural frefli earth ; which 
done, fill up the pot with the fame rank earth, to give the fores nou- 
. tri(liment\ make a hole in a hotbed fomething cooled, and pat the 
pot therein, where let it remain without watering urttill the roots 
fpring, then take it out and place it under a South wallj in dr^r 
weather let it riot want water, and about the middle of 5'f^/^«r^fr 
houfe it, for this plant will fiot endure either wet or cold, and if 
planted with rank earth next the root, moreapttooflf-fet thanto 
bear flowers. AH the Mufcaries except the Afli-colour, mull be 
planted in a warm place and defended in Winter , the reft are hardy 

and require no attendance. We haveTome other forts of Ji)acinth5 

which yearly lofe their fibres 5 the chiefeft of which are thefe that 
follow. - 






Hyacinthus 'Botroides caraleus 


He sky-cMured Grafe-pmr comeili up with three or four fmall 

ed sreen leaves ,lrom a round white root^with a ftalk about 

fix inches high, bearing at the top thereof many [flowers clofe fet 


ther like unto a fmall bench of Crap 

form hke thofe of the 

but lefTer 


fine pale blew or sky colour , and of 

foft fweet fcent 

Hymnthm Botroides flore alio. 



He r»hite Grape- flower is in all things like the former, but that .the 
leaves are green , and the flowers white, growing fomewhat 
thicker on the ftalk, 


Hyacinthus ^otroides flore rulaite, 



' F 

THe blttjh Grape- flower is like unto thelafl:, but bigger in all the 
parts thereof^ and the flowers of a pale bleak blufli-colour. 

Hyacinthus !Botroides ramofus. 

He branched Grape- flomr differeth from all the former, in that the 
flowers grow along the ftalk in branches, being of a blew co- 
lour, and bigger than any of the other, as the roots, leaves, and 
ftalks alfo are, 


Hyactnthui Orkntalu major diElns Zumhul Indi. 

* . 


THe great Oriental ^acinth^ or Zumhul Indi^ is that great jacinth 
that Cometh up with a fpecled ftalk, and great broad long green 
leaves, bearing on a ftrong ftalk many fair long blewifli purple flow 

opening into fix fmall 


which turn back again ( as all the 

Oriental jacinths do) the root is big and round , covered with 

reddifli purple 

of this kinde there is one that beare 


double flowers, and there are many forts befides thofe whofede- 
fcriptions follow, the.whichdifter chiefly in the colour of the flow- 
ers •, in fome they are of a pale, and fome of a deeper blew colour, 
with ftripes down the backs of the leaves of the flowers, fome are 
wholly white, and others of a fine bluih- colour 5 they are all fweet, 
and their roots may be taken up and kept dry, as well as thofe of 
7 ulip s ^yN\\iz\i caufeth them to be the more refpeded, ' 


Hyacinthus Caleflls. 

THe Celefiial Hyacinth is bigg 

he parts thereof than the 

bu/I indi-j it commonly cometh up with two ftalk 


bearing many large flowers, hke thofe of the laft, but bigger, and of 

fine pale blew or sky 

of this kind there 









Chap. XI 

others»,that bear large flower^ on big tallftalks, fome of a deepei*^ 
and Others of a lighter blew cdlour, fome white, others bluli, and 
perhaps all thefe raifed from the feeds of the ZftmbttU Iitdi, as Others 
may be from the feeds of them; 


Hyacinth m Orient dis 'B runialls^fiVc prMxflore alho* 


He cayIi white Orient at jacinth i from a fijort round big rooC 

(fometimes before Winter) rife up long green leaves lik? 
thofe of the lafti as the flowers are alfo, but lefler, and of a pure 
white colour •, this is commonly in flower in the end of January j 
there is another of this kind that beareth purple flowers , that come 
as early, for which property they are chiefly refpeded. 


THefatrJmhk hkrv OrientAl fact nth ^ is in all refpe^ls like the 
other blew y^ci^^i?'/, thechiefeft difference is in the flowers^ 
thofe of this kind being fair and double, of a good blew colour, an 
confifting of two or three rows of leaves fpread open j there is and- 

therof this kind that beareth double blew flowers, but not fofair, 
and more apt to come deformed^ 


• - t « 

Hucinthm Orteriidk candidus flore pleno^ 

- ■ 

ffe fun white double orientd fdcinth differeth from the fingld 

- v.hite, in that the flowers of this are thick and double, of. a 
pure fnow- white colour, and opening much better than the bcfl kina 
the double blew,' for which it is much efteemcd; 


HyitcinthusJlelUrisflore clnereoi 

ffe Ajh'colonred fiarrj jacinth hath a round white root,ancI green 

leaves fpreading on the ground like thofe of the common 

ffareheS, ol Englijh Hyacinth, the ftalk beareth very many fmall ftar- 

like flowers in a thick bufli, bigger below than above , of a pale blcvf 

or A Ih- colour, and very fwect, 


tiyaclnthus flelUtus'Vulgaris. 


He common bUtP flurry Jacinth, rifcth out of tfie ground With 

^ two or three brown leaves-, which be long and hollow, ot a 

vvhitifli ^reen 00 the upper fide, brown underneath, and half rpund,^ 

the ftalk beareth at the top thereof five or fix fmall ftar-hke flowers, 

confiftmg of fix leaves, of a fair blew colour. 

Hyaclnthus flellatus flore alho, 

Tffe ivhhe fiarry Jacinth hath leaves like the former . bat of 4 
freflier sreen colour^ the flowers are of the fame falhion and 

fti.*.W.. X.N,*W»., 



' *h 





'Book L 

wHite , a little inclining to bluQi • there is one of this kind with 
fnow- white flowers, and there is another that bearethblufh flowers, 


Hjacinthus Stdlatus^r<jecox. 

THc early staryyjdcimhhnn broader and freflier green leaves than 
the former, with blew flowers 5 the flowers of this are bigger, 
and of a brighter blew colour V, there is one of this kindehkcwifd 
that beareth white flowers , and another more rare than any of the 
former of this kinde, the flowers whereof being as large as thofe of 
the flrfl: blew, and of a fine blufli colour. 


The Grafe-f 

flower in Jpril , the great Oriental J 

cinth betimes in March, the white and purple early Winter Jacinths 
in January Q]: in the beginning oi February,^ the other Oriental J a- 
cinthsy both fingle and double, flower in the end of March and be- 
_ nning of April ^ the Afh-cohured ftarry Jacinth flowreth in April^ 
and the other starry Jacinths in February and beginning, of J/^r^^. 


They all lofe their fibres, and may be yearly removed in June or 
Jtily^ but none of them (except the oriental) would be kept long 

f ground^ they are hardy, and require fmall attendance- moft of 

them bear feeds, which being fowed and preferved as that 


produce new diverfities. There are fome others which I have pur- 
pofely omitted, as the Woolly Jacinth ^ which I have had many 

but never could fee one flower of 

Will not flower 

common m Sp. 

gland 'j and of thefe defcribed the beft 

the fair double blew, and the double white Oriental Jacinths , thq 
Celeftial, the white ^znd the hlujh Starry Jacipths I'the other are 

pretty flowers, but of lefs beauty and efteem. 





f nithogdum , 

He star of Bethlehem y and the varieties thereof, are next to 
be handled, fome of them are fine flowers, and others not 
worth the naming, the which wewillpafs over, and de- 

fcribe the heft onely. 

> i« 

Ornkhogalum Arahkum, 

He Star-pmr «/ ^r4^/4 hath many long gieen leaves, like un- 
to thofe of the Oriental Jasinth^ from whence rifeth up a round 
green ftalk , about two foot high, bearing at the top thereof upon 
long foot- ftalks, divers large flowers, with fmall fliort green-pointed 

leaves at the bottom of each of them , confifling of fix pure white 


Ck^p. XII. 



IX white tfireds about it, tiptwlth yellow pendents ; tHe 
d whire^ with a flat bottom, the fibres being 


which it yearly lofeth: this is , very impatient of trof}, and will not 
abide with us^unlefs h be carefully preferveJ arid defended \n vVinter 

- f 


Ornithogahm nuximum album. 


Hegredteji r\>hite Star of Bethlehem haLh ihariy fair broad Ion<* 
freQi green leaves, which fpring early oUt of the ground,. an3 
continue from the beginning ot Fehruarj to the end o(May^2i which 
time they begin to Hide, and the ftalk with the Iiead of flowers Ije-. 
ginneth to rife, and before they are blown the leaves will be all gone : 
the ftalk when in flower, is a yard high, green, fmoothand round, 
bearing at the top a great bufli ,or fpike of flowers, upon long foot 
ftalks, which grow fliortcr and {horter t6 the top of the flalk ; the 
jflowers open by degrees, firi! below and fo upwards, confin:lng of 
£i^ white leaves, fpread open like a, Star, with a white umbone ih the 
middiejbefet with many threds tipt with yellow ^ the root is ffreat,and 
hath a flat bottom like the former, but more hardy to endure, ani 

apter to increafe, whereby it is now grown common," 

Onnthngdum rieajtol'itcinum, 


TIte Stir-ptxier of Naples rifeth out of the ground earlyj with 
fouror five long hollow pointed whitifli green leaves, flanding 
round together-, the flalk rifeth two foot high, bearing many flowers, 
each containing fix long narrow leaves, of a fliining white colour ort 
the infide, and of a whitiih green on the outfide, turning back toward 
the flalks, with fix other fmall leaves in the middle, (landing round 
together like a cup* With a white polntell,and fix threds tipt with yel 
low: the root is white, aod increafetli too much, and therefore re- 
quireth to be yearly taken up and freed from off-fets, wherewith ic 

isapt tobepeflered. . 


Ornithozalunt LuteUnt. 


firfl with one lon^ 
above the ground^ 


Tile yellow Star of Methlehem cdmetn tip at tni 
round greenifti leaf, which opening a little 
yieldeth another fmall leaf iborter than the firft, from whence rifeth 
a flalk four or five inches high, bearing at the top four or five fmall 
t'reen leaves, and among them the like number of fmall yellow flar 
Ske flowers, with a fmall greenifli line down the backs of the leaves 
and fome fmall reddifti threds in the middle -, the root is fmaU,roand 
white and clcer, and although ic yearly lofeth the fibre ^ 
endure to be kept but very little time out of the ground/ 


Or?ihhogalum jEthioficum. 



inch broad, wooly when broken, and a ftalk a cubit high, bearing 

O from 







'Book I 

from themiddle to tlie top matiy large white ftaf -like flowers/ wi h 
fonie yellownefs in the bottoms of them, with a three-fquare head 
coiripafied with white threds, tipt with yellow- the root is thick, 
round and white^ almoft as tender as that of the nrft. 

T her 


ervar'eties. as 


great whi^e j} iked Star of 

thUhem. which is like the former great white, but lefTs 





fo goodj the flowers grow in a larger fpike^ but much thinner fet 
tht (lalk; there are fome others 


th. retaining; 

that bear fmall- white flowers, not 

Tl t 

» ■ - ^ i 

The Arabian flowreth iri Ma'j^ the fecond in ^tme^ that b(Na^l 

and the yellow in ^/'ri/, but the iy£tkiopaft notumill Jug ujl, 

■ L 

, L - M 


. 1* r ■ ■ 

Tney lofe their fibres, and the roots may be taken up as foon as 
the ftalk s are dry, and kept out of the ground untill the end of Sep- 
temhr^ except thofe oi the yellow, which will not endure out of the 
earth but a little time : that o( Jrahia, and that o^^ Ethiopia^ are both 
tender and will not endure the "extremity of our Jong frofly winters 
therefore they niufl be planted in boxes, in rich hot fandy earth, and 
houfed in winter-, the yellov/ may be fet among other tender roots 
that require to be covered and defended from frofts in winter, the 
other are hardy, and may be fet in any place among other roots thxt 
lofe their fibres; ' ' , ' 

-^ j^ * 





J p 

lldgarlick yieldeth fome diver fities worthy of enter- 
tainment, the which are next to be defcribed, and firfl 

we will begin with that fo much celebrated by thean- 
tient Poets, 


Moly Hcmerkum, 



'MoU of Homer rifeth op with two or thr 


hollow leaves, of a whitifh g 

like that of 


ith fome fmall bulbs growing fometimes on the ends of the 

lpaves,but commonly betwixt themjand on t\\t ftalk neer the ground 
which being fet will produce a plant of the fame kind-, the Salk ri 
feth up a yard high, naked, round and fmooth, bearing a great urn 
bel or tuft, of fmall ftar-Hke purplifh flowers, upon equal foot-ftalks 
which continue long before they decay.Thc root is very great, white 
andofthefmellofGarlick. - 



chM. xni 


* ■ I- 

Mo/y hidicumjJiH CaucafoH. 



. r 

He Indian Molj hath leaves like the former, but fliorter and 
broader, the ftalk rifeth up not fo high as the leaves,without any 
flowers but oriely bearing a clufterbf reddilh fcaly bulbs ^ each a^ 
big as an Acorn:,ftanding on foot-ftalks, which being £tt^ will brin 
a Plant of the fame kind •, the root is great and white, covered vvit 
a dark-coloured coat, and increafeth but little underground. . 


Moly montanum Tannonicuni. 


, ,"- 

He Moly of Hungary is of two forts 

firft hath three 

broad Ion 
foot hish one above 



and between them long foot-ftalk 

which are carried up with the ftalk a 
, having at the top fomc fad reddifli 

; . with flowers of the 


fafliiori of thofeof fiomrs Moly ^ and of a pale piirple-i 

root is fmall but very apt to increafe j thefecond Moly 

islike the firft, but that the green leaves are fmaller, an 

beareth a greater clufter of dark green bulbs 5 the ilowers are like 

owing, an'i 

of HungAT 
A the ftai: 

thofe of the firft in fall 

overed with a cfark pu'rpl 

colour, and manner of g 

Moly Serpentinum, 

ErPents Msly is like the former^ but of mUch more beauty 
re^^ard for that the bulbs on the head of the ftalk are redder 

the ftalk 
whence it took 

and the fmall green leaves twine and 



the flowers that grow among the bulbs, 
more beautiful than thofe of either of the two former, and the 

fmall and round, increafing into ma 



fcent not fo ftrong, the root is 

ny fmall round roots , no bigger than a fmall Peafe 

Moly mont mum flore lute Q. 


T He yellow Moly hath two long broad leaves , whea it will flower, 
otherwife but one, of the colour and near of the bignefs of 
thofeof the r^/i/, b'etweehwhich comethupaflenderftalk, baar- 
in'^ at the top a tuft of yellow ftar-Iike flowers, greenifli on the 
back and with yellow threads in the middle; the root is whitifb 

apt to increafe, 'andfmelleth ftrong of Garlick, as the flowers and 
leaves do alfo. 


i folium Hifp 

- I ' . ■ ■ 

L I 

He SPanifh purple Moly hath two long broad 

like the laft 


betwixt which the ftalk rifeth up tWo foot higf^ 


bearing at the top man^ ftar-like flowers , of a fine delayed purpl 

colour^ vviththreadsof the fame colour tipt With yellow-, near the 

O a 









^Gok I 

round it ylcldeA bulbs , by which it may beeanly iticrcafed 5 this 
athnofcent ofC^rZ/Vj^in any pare. . 

Moly pyxidatum ar^nU^um Ht^^^^ 


* 1 

BeSfAnilhJilver'Cuf^edMoly hath two or three longrufh-like 
leaves, which pafs away when the ftalk is rifen up to his height^ 
ivhicli will be three ibot or more , bearing a great head of flowers 
which after fome time fprcad much open j the flowers grow on long 
foot-ftalks of a filver-colour^ with lines on both fides the leaves^, in 
fafhion fmall and hollow like a cupj the root is white and deer , and 
iiot very apt to increafe, and without any ill fcent in any part thereof. 


Moly Diojcorideum, 

I L 


T^fofcorides his Mol'j hath a finaill tranfpareht root, covered with a 
'*-^ thick yellowilh skin, from whence fpringeth up three or four nar- 
row Grafsy leaves^with a ftalk a foot and half high^bearing at the top 
a tuft of milk-white flowei-s> like unto thofe of Ramfons , with Xw,- 
t\t or no fcent of Gdrlick, There is another of this fort that is leller, 
^nd the leaves of the flowers rounder pointed ; thefe and the yellow 
are the moft common of all the kinds of uolf. 

Moly- Mufcatum Monfpelienfe. 


He frveet Moly ofMontPelier hath four or five fmall leaves, 
ger than bents, with a ftalk about a foot high, bearin 



w . J many 

fmallftar-like white flowers, which if the end- of Somer be hot and 
dry, fmell like Musk or Civet, £he root is fmall, very tender and 

muft be carefully defended from Frofts in W 


mmers Molj flowereth in May , and continueth untill July 


Indian Moly beareth the head of bulbs in June and July^ and all the 
reft flower about the fame time, except the laft, whofe time is lat 

SePt ember » 


. T hefe lofc their fibres , and may betaken up after theftalks are 
r^'ii^^i th« biggeft roots preferved to fet again, cafting away the 
fmall ofi-fets, wherewith many of them are very apt to bepeftred 
cfpecially if thev ftand long unremoved • they are all hardy and will 
thrive in any foil, except thofe whofe tendernefs is exprefted in the 
dcfcnption 5 the flowers of moft of them are neither fair nor fweet 

and onely prefer ved by thofe that affe^: 

their beft ufe 

adorn flower-pots, where they will continue if the water be 

ed, a Ion 

time, and fet ofFother flowers of the fame feafon bein^? 

placed among them 

worth mentioning, for thofe defcribed 

ijnlefs they were of a more worthj 

There ar^e fome others of this family not 

f not too manv 






» ■ 


. I 

tw. xiy. 










tJe AfpMiff^ for that it beareth flar-Iike flowers, 
be defcribedi there are feme few diverfities of them 
which we will take the beft onely, and leave the reft as 

IS next to 

. of 

thcr worth colledin 



Jjphodelus jnajor all? us rdmofus. 

- * 

He great white branchd AffhodiU hath many crawling hollow 
three-fquare leaves, fharp-pointed, lying on the ground about 
the root; the ftalk from the middeft of them rifeth round, fmooth 
and naked, divided at the top into many branches more or Jefs, ac- 
cording to the age of the Plant, bearing many ft ar-hke flowers, con- 
Ming of fix leaves, whitifti on the infide, with fome yellow threads 

m t 


ddie, and ftripped ^Vith a pale purple line down the back of 
yleafj the root is compofed of many thick cloggs, biggcftinthe 

middle, and fmaller at both ends, fafteried together'at the "head, of « 
grayiih dark colour on the outfide, and yellow within, 

* ■ 


Jjphodelm alhus non ramohis. 

He white unhranched Affhodill is like the former , but that the 

ftalk is without branches, and the flowers whiter, without any 
line or ftripe on the back fides of the leaves, the cloggs of the roots 
are fmaller and fewer than thofe of the oth er: 


jfj)hodelus major JI ore cameo 

*^He hlujh'Coloured JfphcdiS differeth from the hft, In that the 

leaves are a little Ipotted, and the flowers of a bluih-colour, 

which caufeth it to be more efteemed. 


Jfphodchis major florcalbojlriato. 

He great white ftrifed AffhodiE hath many long arid broad greetl 

leaves, which for the moft part lye on the ground- the ftalk 

fethup fmooth, like the white unbranched ^jj?W///, with many 

ftriped down the back 


ley grow on the ftalk in 

fuch like flowers, of a whitifli filv 

pf every leaf with a purpl 

fpike, fii ft flowering below, and fo upwards by de 

a great bulbe, whereunto are fattened divks clO; 

the former. 

t, the root is 
like thofe of 







(Book I 

Jj^hoddits minimus alius, 

Be leap; white Affhedill hath four or fiv 


long green 

almoft thVce-fquare, with a fitiall ftalk about afoot high^ 

without branches , having at the top fome white flowers . like 


thofe of the former, and ftriped on both fides 

B ^L S K & 9 Bf mf H I ^K * K I A ^L 

y leaf with a pur 

' - 

the roots are many cloggs^ fmaller than any of the ochei 

- - -r ' 

j^j^hoddus minor alb u^ fiye fijluloj us. 

■ w 

"^He little hellorv white Affhodill hath many long hollow green 
leaves 3 growing thick together, from 



\ come 

up many round ftalks , bearing from the middle to the top divers 
white ftar-like flowers, with purple lines on the back of them , like 

thofe oi the white branched AfphodiS 5 the roots are not in cloggs 
like the former, but fmall white fl:rings faftened together at the head 5 
this IS a tender Plant, and apt to perifliif it be not carefully pfe- 
ferved from FrofI and wet in Winter. 

. Jfphodelus lute us minor ^fhs Haflula %egta. 


He jmll yellow Jfphodill,oi' Kings ff ear ^h^cxh many long narrow- 
edged green leayes, trailing on the ground 5 the ftalk rifeth a 
yardhign, fet with fmall long leaves to the middle, where the flow- 
ers begin, being many yellow and ftar-like •, the roots are many long 
yellow ftrings which run in the ground and increafe very much ; this 

is the raoft common, and leaft efteemed of all the Afphodills, 

r- ■ 

They do all flower in Ma^ and Jufje^ except the two laft j the firft 
of them flowereth in JugHfl and September^ and the other in ^uly, 


They may be taken up, and the roots parted, when the ftalks are 
dry, and prefently fet again, for they would not be kept long out of 
ground, and except the laft white whofe tendernefs is exprefledin 
the defcription , they are all hardy and will thrive in any place j moft 
of them bring feeds ^ which is not worth the fowing, for that it will 
be many years before they bear flowers , and no variety is to be ex- 
peded from them, and for gaiaing new Plants , the old increafe faft 


There is aiiother kind of Plant, called the LiU^ Afphodill^ whefeof 
that Scdg, which beareth foon-fading dark yellowifh Z/Z/j^-like flow- 
ers, commonly called the Day-LiSy, or t\\e flower for a day, common 
m every Country-Garden, is a kind. There are three other forts 
worthy to be inferred, two of them being very rare and of much 


aai>. Xtll 



* ^' 




Afohodeltis luteus. 



-' •! 

* * 

• » 

the top thereof 

long thin'Sedg^ 
of the middle of them cometh up'a naked ftalkjbejv- 

;y^ jelhrv Lilly JfphhdiH rifetli up \"Vitli- man} 

fi\^e fmall Li/ly-likQ yellow fl 

blowing one after another.Jike the day LiSy^ but tontinuing mahy 
days before they fade : the leaves dye to the grouhdbefore Wintef, 
and the roots are many long yellow ftrings very ranch increafing. 

Ldia Jhhodelus flore a 

-'■■ r 



Tffe Lilly jfpkdillj^ith awhttefowir is in. all the parts thereof like 
The fnrmpr f he lf=>itrpc -irprif o trf/Vi^r orfprx mirviir onrl rhr* 

flowers Ti 

ftalk is his her. and the flowers b 

es. areoi a frelher g 
hke unco the Sa^'oy Spden 

and the 

but that the 

• \ 

* ' 




JfphoJdus fl^ 




He Lilly Afphedillmth'.a yiufbyOr flefh- coloured- floiver^ . is very lik 

the white, the grcateft difference is in the flowers, which ii 

this are of a fine bright bUifh or flefli 

this and the wh 

y rare iin Bnglafjdmd 

dens in Germany 


but frequently found in many Gar4 



li _' 

rl !■_ 


Be Spder-T»ort is flext in order to be treated bf, ther^ are fome 
diverfities of them, but we will fet out thebeft oriely, and firft 

beginwith that fo Hke the white X//(y Jfphdill^ that the one ma^ 
calily be miflakcn for the other. 

Thalajmum Aloh. 

I • ■ 


Hi SAi'&y spider-TV or trikth Up with four or five gre«li leaves, like 

hofeof the Lilly Afphodill^ but ihoi 

and of a whi 
of the miSdlc'of them rifeth up a ftiff round ftalk 
about a foot high, bearing at the top one above another, feven 
eight flowers, like inform to thofe of the Lilly JfphdiU, but leflTe 


and of a pure white 


thfome thredsin the mkldle tipc wifh 



fmall forked pointelj the roots are long white thick 

ftrings, joyned together at the head 


eafing reafonable 


nalafmum mams Italicum dh 

o J 

r ' , 

He great Italian isfhite Spider--mrt hath many long narrow 
fpread on the ground 

th a reafonable tall ftalk, -bearing at th 

of th 


top many ftar-like white flowers, like, but bigger than thofe 
common kind next defcribed 4 the 'roots are many white ftr^" 


under ground, and increafing as well as the forme 







■ V 

® ^. 


!BGok I 


Tiiecokm/J unhranched Bfider-wort hath fiilall leaves like grafs^* 
but of awhitifh green colour, fiom among Which rifeth one, two 
dr more ftalks almoft two foot high, bearing at the top many fmall 
white ftar-likc flowers-, the roots are many long white firings, like 

thofe of the laft defcribed, but fraaller. 


HeVirginUn Spdir'Worthu\\^ ftringy root, and broad grafs- 
like leaves, the ftalk rifeth up in joynts, with forac fliort leaves 
at the top thereof- out of a tuit of thofe green leaves, come forth 
the flowers, which are many, hanging down their heads at the firft, 
and turning up as they come to blow, each flower containing three 
leaves, layed flat, of a blew colour, with red threds in the middle,tipc 
with yellow pendents : they open commonly one after another, and 
may be C3\\td a flower for a day, for that they ll\ut at night,and never 
open again. It is a great increafer, and thereby grown common in 

almoft every garden-, this \Vas fi[rft brought unto us out of Virginia^ 
fince we have received thence feveral other varieties,differing chiefly 
in the colour of the flowers, for belides the blew defcribed, we haye 
another that bcareth bigger and fairer blew flowers, two that have 
red flowers, a bigger and leffer, and one with fnow- white flowers 5 
in fome years the flowers of the greater red w^ill come double. 


e Lilly Aj^hodills flower in the end of May^ or beginning of 

unCy and the Sfider-wort about the fame time, the common un- 

ranched kind is the firft, and the branched the laft, the two beft 
Spder -mrts J t^^toi Savoy ^ViTidiht Jtaliaf^^ dower together about 
the end of May ^ the Firgmans a moneth later. 


Thefe plants are all hardy, and will live and thrive in almoft any 
ioyl, butbeftinthatwhichismoiftj the time to take them up and 
'••-"rplant^them, is in^/^^»y?, the roots may be parted as they grow 

where^ they may ft and two or three 

of the beft 

feveral heads, and fet 

unremoved; they bear feeds, 'from whence ^ 

indmayberaifed, that is of the white and blujl) LiSy AfhoMs^ 
Savoy ^ and Italian Sfider-mrts 5 it will be four or five years from the 
fowing, before they come to bear flowers, yet it is worth the labour 
and attendance, for that feeds of the two LiHy Jjphodiffs^ may be ob- 
tained from places far diftant better than plants. Having done with 
thefe flower-bearing plants, before we pafs to the reft of the Bulbous 

roots, the varieties otp^(?;»;>j arc to be handled, which ihall be the 
iubjeia of our next difcourfe 



■ 4 



Chap. XK 








■ f 











r I 

« > 

t ■ « I 

/^^ P^<?«/> is of two forts, Male and Female ; The Male 
is to be known from all the reft, in that the leaves are 
conflantly whole without any divifion, and tfee roots 
arelongandroiind-ofthis there is but one fort, an 
that preferved more for its Phy{icalpropefties,tb;in fo 

the beauty of th^ flowers : the Female is of rpiny To 




fbq;]e beai;i 
,gie, and others double flowers'-, the leaves of them all a^0(m 

and divided on the edges more or lefs, and the roots aie more tube- 

gs, like thofe of the Ajphodilt^ with many round 
pieces faftened to the head, with fmaller firings. There are four forts 
that bear fingleflowers, which are the Miile kind Wah pu'rph'fh red 
fingle flowers, the common Female with rmallcr and darker pWpli/li 
iingleredriowers, the blufli with large blufli flowers, arid the iiagk 
f'iffny oi Corifldntinopte^\vhQkRovfc^szve larger than thofe of oie 

J wi t hou t any (hew of purple 5 

thefeareoffmalleflcem,vetthetwoIaflfqr variety may be admit- 

red-, thofe that bear double flowers are befl: worthy to beregarde<J" 

• - - - - .J 

Male kind, and of a deeper red 

the which vye will particularly defcribe 
,beft known. 


and firft begltf wi 






I ^ * ' 

1 ■ : - ■ - 

He double red Peonie hath many flalks, andftore of leaves divi- 
ded or cut in at the edges, of a dark green colour, tht flowers 
grow on the tops of the fl:alks, which are very large, thick, and 
double, of a full deep red colour, and feldome continuing above oizht 

days before they flicd their leaves-, the roots aiemmi 

faftcned to th 



mam root, with fmaller ftrjngs; this is fg gom 

mon and well krigwri, that it riecdeth oo'defcriptiond 

^{£onia fatminaflorepkno purpureo 


He double Purple Teonj differeth from the laft 

y 1 





the parts thereof, and the leaves of a white 


lour -, t;he 'flowers are double, confifting of fome broad, and many 

narrow leaves, of a fine bright iliining purple colour^ which fall avvay 
like thofe of the former; 




. » « 








• \ 



A. " ^Qokl 

f^onia fmnhia flore l^leno ruhcfcente. 

He double Carndtm Peony bath lower" and ftiffer flalks than the 
former with fmaller leaves.divided or cut-in infome places on the 

edees as all the Female kinds are-, the flowers are neither fo big 

fo double by much, as thofe of the common red, of a bright (hming 
carnation colour at the firfl opening, but dayly dechmng and vvax- 
jnc^ paler uritill it code to be almoft white^never {heddmg the leaves, 
k^i abiding long, arid at hft wither on the ftalk -, the roots are like 
the former.but fmaller, and of a brighter brown coloar on the outfide. 
1 have one of this kind that beareth large, thick, and double flovvers, 
confiftingofmany long round pointed leaves, the enas and fides 
thereof turn white in one hot day, and contmuelo with a red Itripe 
in the middle many days, then vi^ither on the ftalks. 

<p]€oniafoemma florepknoalbkante. , 

m double kuL or wihe Peonie, is in the nnianrier of growing like 
- unto the laft defcribed, but taller, the green leaves fomething 
iar<^er more veined and ribbed than thofe of any the other forts -, the 
flowers are much bigger than thofe of the laft, and more thick and 

double, which at the firft opening are of a fine light blufh colour, but 
by ftanding blown, in a few days will turn to be of a pale white, and 

fo continue a long time before they decay, the leaves not falling oiF, 
but withering on the ftalk, like thofe of the laft, and this is accoun- 
ted the beft of all the d ouble Peonies which ha^e hitherto come to 

knowledse. I have often heard of a double Peonte that hath 

fnow white flowers from the firft opening thereot,3nd fo abid 

ftant to the laft, but have not feen any fuch, and therefore doubt the 
verity of the report. 

I n 


H ■ 

^ P,eoniafd?mnafloreplenoyarie^ata. 

X ■ 

Tffe dffdle piped Peonie in the manner of growing is like the laft, 
but fomething fmaller in all the parts thereof^ the flowers aro 
double, of a fine red colour,ftriped and variegated with white, abiding 
long in flower, and at laft the leaves wither but fall not off. 

They all flower in May^ fooner or later, as they ftand more oi: lef$ 
in the Sun. 

; All the Peonies are hardy, and being fet in good ground, will con- 
tinue and abide many years without removing •, they are commonly 
fet in great tufts in the middle or corners of knots, or on borders, 
and may be taken up, parted, and planted again, from Seftemher 
unto the end ofc?(J?(?^fr\ thofe roots that have fprouts or buds at the 

ends of them, are beft to be planted 5 for thofe clogs or roots that are 

' without them, willly in the ground and never fpriog at all, except 


Ckfr. XFl. 



thofe of the double purple, every piece whereof will grow, being 
apteft toiacreafeof allocher 5 in fooie years the double kinds do 
bring foine feeds to psrfetflionj which being fet or Towed very thin, 
in Scpfehj^er dr O^ober^ where they ma;}^ ftand unremdved until they 
flower^ which will be about feaVen vears from the fowing,' herhaps 
fome new varieties may be produced, efpecially from the feeds of the 
Carnation^ Blufh, Purple, and variegated kinds. 

■ ' 

-w r 

And now we will return to the refl of the bltihous and tMlerotis-root' 
edflants^ remaining to be defcribed, and fet them down in order ac- 
cord mg to their fimilicude and feveral relations to each other, and 
firfl ofthat whick flowreth firft, though vulgarly accounted laft. 








He Meadorv' Saffron^ whereof there are many forts, fome 
of them for the beauty of their flowers, deferying place 

" ' ". the reft 

this Colled 

the which (hall be defcribed 

bearing fingle flowers whollv of one colour, and 
ther eminently Griped, nor checkered, we will pafs 

worth the trouble 





hp/T^ fdrtycokured MeaJotV'Safron,zn^ all the rcft,except thofe o 

the Spring bring forth their flowers in Autum before the green 


leaves appear, which being kept back by. Winter, come not up un- 
till Fehttarj 5 the flowers of this come Out of the ground late in the 
year, three, four or more from one root, {landing on very ihort foot- 
ftalks, compofed of fix leaves, whereof fome are white , others of 
a pale purple, and fome of them half white and the reft purple, with 
fome threds or chives in the middle like unto the Crocus or S^forH- 
flowcrsof the Spring, after the flowers are paft, the green kaves do 
not prcfently come forth , little ©f them appearing above ground 
before the end of February^ which at firft are of a dark brown colour, 
but with the Spring grow to be large long and green, three or four 
ftanding upon a fliort round weak green foot-ftalk ; in the middle of ^ 
l._ leaves the feed- veflfcl appeareth, containing round brown feeds - 
the root is fomething like unco that of the r«/.ip, but commonly 
bi^^^er, and having that eminence at the bottom , ftanding out very 

lon^. from whence many fibres (hoot into the ground. 











• » 


Soak I 


Colch'icum ^arie^atim. 



' He 'Vjtr/gatedMeaiioW' Saffron dlKQvnh'fiom the hR , in that the 
'TJowers rife higher, and are ft rip ed with a deeper purplq upon 
i pale bluih ground, throughout every leaf thereof, which are longer 
than thofeof the former, and not fo round- pointed ; in the roots 

and leaves there is no material difference 


Colchicum atropurpunum ^ariegatum, 


' I ^ 

^^iJeddrkfurfle piftdMtadovo- Saffron differeth from theother ia 

that the Flowers at their firft appearing are of a pale blufh-co- 

e tmi e 

lour, with fmall and fnarped-pointed leaves, which afteralittl 
become ftriped and garded vvith a dark fad purple, 

Colchicum 'Variegatum dlEium Jgrippina, 

• . .. ■ 

Be 'variegated Meaderv-Saffron^ commonly called' Agri^ina is of 
later difcovery and more rarity than any of the former the 
diflTerence chiefly confiftin^ in the colour and marking of the Flowers 
*rhich in this are white and red pen ached like a Tulif, ' 


^ ^mk^m^ 



Colchicum fritillmcHm Ne dfolitamm. 

*^He checker edMeadsw- Saffron of Naples hath larger and deeper par-, 

-■• pliih red Flowers, and more eminently checkered like Fritillary 
tlian any other of that fort (except the next) whereof there is fome 
divetfity, but this is the beft j the root and green leaves differ very 
little from thofe of the former. 


ColchicHmfritilUricum Chieufe, 

He checiered Meadow- Saffron ofchio bringeth forth (late in Au-- 

tarn) fmall but beautiful Flowers, of a pale purple colour, thick 

fpotted and checkered with blewifli purple • the green leaves^ come 

much fmaller than any of theother. 


Op in the Spring 

commonly three in number, of a frefli grecn'colour^ lying'onth 
ground, twining and folding the edgesj the root is like thofc of the 
other, but fmaller and niore tender 



Colchictmjlore fkno. 


He donhle Meadow- Saffron is like the common MngUjh kind, that 
grews plentifully in divers moifl Meadows onely the Flowers 

of this are doubl 
pliih colour 3 wit 

\ containing many leaves, of the fame pale pm 
n fome chives tipt with yellow pendeats amon 








Chap. Xri 

J- - 


1 V 

Colchicumflore pleno purpura 

^ He double pur fie Me^'dow-Sajfron 

clifferfeth from the former J 

in that the Flowers are fraaller, the leaves of them fliarper 
pointed, and of deeper purplifli red Colour. 

Colchkum yariegatuin flore ^kno. 
He double varigdted Meadow- Sapon is like the firft doable kind 

onely fome of the leaves of the double Flower will beftriped 
anid gardedwith white, upoii the pale blufli ground. 




Cokhictm maximum flore plen9. 


He greatefi double MeAdoxv- Saffron hath Flowers rnuch bigger ,an(i 
doubler than any of the former, containing very many round- 
pointed leaves, of pale pufplifhbluih- colour, fpreadirig open, and 
forming a gallant double Flower, far tranfcending any of the former 
double kinds. 


\ The roots of the CoUUcHms ^ being fet about the cad (^ Augufi^ 
or beginning of Sepemher^ will fuddainly put forth fibres, and {hort ' 
ly after Flowers, being the fiift blown from the time of the fetting 
of the dry roots of all others 5 Although vulgarly accounted the laft, 
which are indeed the firft that flower, fome of them in September^ 
others in oBobery the firft pdrti-coloured ^ and that of Ch'to being 

commonly the laft. , - . ■ ■ 


They arfe eafily planted , the roots lofing their fibres, wliich 
may be taken up as foon as the green leaves are dryed down , and 
kept out of the ground untill the fore -mentioned time for their plan- 
tin^-, tbeyaffeda moifl: ground, but being hardy will thrive and 
^ucreafe in almoft any foil , oriely that of Cbie is tender, and will 
not profper unlefs it be planted in a warm place , where it may have 
the comfort of the Sun and the benefit of fheltcffrom Frofts,wec,and- 
cold in Winter,whereof it is very impatient, t doubt not but other 
fine varieties may be raifed by the fowing of the feeds of the bef! 
kinds- the manner of handling them is the fame with that C3ff Th{ 
lips J and other bulbous roots that lofe their fibres; . 







X . 



(2^ A. 

(Book I 





Afren is of divers for 


fome flowering in the Sp 


and fmaikr 

Jund, all the reft are onely entertained for tlie beantv 


lowing defcrip 
Varieties thereof 

of their Flowers, which are of three principal 
white, purple, and yellow, deeper and lighter 
and fome ftriped, feathered, or flamed 

^ /r-i 1 /. '« . , asiflthefol- 
prefTed, and firft of the white and the 



Crocm albus major. 

'^rsr""r^''f. ^'.""t ■■i'fthup with narrow long green leaves^ 
with a white line in the middeft of them, and as foon as th^e 

leaves appear out of the ground 

ihem , covered with a thin white sk 

there Cometh up in the middle of 

fmaJl low white Fiowe 

in the middle 

fed of fix leaves, with fome chives, and a long Saffrm pointed 

niddle which never open but when the Sun (hinef warm upon 

themj after the Flowers are paft, the green leaves grow W ^ 

the feeds fncceed, which is fmaU andrSund, contaiu^ed in alowlW 


Iqaare husk of a yellowilh red colour 

flat, covered with a rufTet _^ *- « .^ 

beareth very fmall white Flowers of iktle"efteem 

the root is fmall , round and 

there is a leffer of this kind that 

Crocus M^futcmi 

He ,>hiu Croc^ tfu^u isJike the laft great white, bat bise 
and bearmp more Pn«7/orc A-^« ___? , > r"i- *"&& 

and bearing more Flowers from 

but rather inclining to yello 

bright blew 

bu?not of fopur^ 



h the bottom of the Flower and part of the ftdk 

of this 

and there 

of a pure white 


with the bottom and flalk blew, of the fe^ds^ X^ofXneTwS 

Crocus fumatus fallldus. 

''U±^[''^A''^.^'''^r^ ^"s fomethiW hke thelaft 

flower is blew, like 
outfides arc all whit 

and not fo round pointed 

- ^ but 

theitalk and bottom of the 

the three outward leaves on the back 

outfides are alIwhif<-or?f t "" "- ^f " ^^a vcs ontne backs c 

leaves arc ftriped with the /" 

fides thereof 

i^dSiyiKt hr " " -"^"^ °' ''' '^''^ 

but fmailer on both the 






Chap. Xm FLO ^J. 


Crociis EpifcopatU', 


Be Mops Cmm hatli Bigger roots arid leaves than any ti 

former; the flowers are longer and fharper-pointed than tl 
of the laft and variable in their colours, fometimes they wil 
white finely ftriped with blew, fometimes the three outer leaves wil. 
be blew and the other three filver-colour ftriped with blew.and fome- 
times it wiU have three leaves white, .and the other three pale blevv 
and all thefe diverfities arifing from one rdot.and the mcreafethercot. 

. - 9 

Crocii^ Imperial is. 

L ■ 


Be Imperial CrdctU hath mahy flowers tiling fi 
which are of a filver colour, ftriped on the backs 

I ^ 


with purple, which when they are open are feen through on the 
6ther fide- this increafeth fo faft that it is grown very common-^t this 
kind there are two others, the one bigger, and the other lefler, ot 
the fame colour and faftiion of marking; 

■ Crocus ^^alis, 

-TBe Ropl Crocm is like the imferij, but bigger, and better 
1 ftriped with deep purple, cfpecially on the backs of the three out; 
er leaves, from the feed ofthisfo me varieties have been raifed dif- 
fering from the original, fome being bigger, others Icffer, and ftri- 
pjd with deeper, or paler purple, but in all thefe flowers the 

white hath the maftery, and therefore are joyned next unto thole 
of that colour. 

Crocus purpuret^ minor 

TBe fmallPurPk Crocus hath narrow green leaves, and fmall lov 
purple flowers, round-pointed, and dark bottoms, almoft black 

Crocm purpureas maj 


•THe rreat(rP»rPU Cmu, hath bigger leaves and roots than the 
1 former, the flowers rife higher, and are large, long, and (harp- 
poiiited, ol the fame purple colour, with a deep purple bottome. 

Crocus purpurc US 7naximHS. 

m^rreated purple Crocus Is like the laft in leaves and roots, but 

. K the^flow^^^ ^^' 

more bllak purple than the form'er, arfd round -pointed, there is one 

TtSs kind that hath the leaves lifted about with white, like the 
Tutip called a frhce. 






• \ 





^ook I 


CrocusNeapolitams cdrukus., 

'Me kern Neaf4iUn droc^ only differeth from the ^r^^r.r 
purple, in that the flowers of this arc of a deep- sky colouf wkh 


dark bottome 



Crocus flumttls purpkrem 



.J'''f^'/"*^'"'^^?''"}i^\^e'-hegreuer pmple, but a little 

bigger ancTrounder pointed, the three outer leaves oftheVo wer 

l'/"! ^T.lPf & ~ °'''^' *"'' f^'hf^^ '^"h white on both fide 

thereof the three 



paler purple on both fides likevv^J^^J^S^ ^ 

alhhefort$ hate hitherto come to our knowledge. 



Crocus purpureusft 


HefUrtleftripd Cncus is in faftiori ii Jte the common vellnw ,!,» 
flowers are ot the fame &e and feafon of a redZTnn ^r T' 
veinedand ftriped throughout every 2nk.hSsS ,'d °"' 

t>«t of a deeper and redder colour. ' ""^"iniJ ^amo 

^ ' Crocus j^UY^urmflrktm major. 

yjgrita fpU ^rijdtrHus is like the greater purple,the flower* 



of the three 

of a deeper purpl 

and of fomethin 

lite» °-^^jf e:- tf th';;^„„rfea;e :Var 

Jittle ftriped oa the back§ neer ih^ borcome 



Crocm purfureus flammeus ma) 



^ otherpurples, the flowers are of a middle fr/^^f !!, t 7? , 

purple on the outfide, and deeper on thTt/^i a' ■ ! ""^'I'^ ^"^^ 

, _ ^^"oc«x lute US five M^JIacus, 

'^SStof f/^ ^' \^^^"^°" %^^ ^eU known that it needeth no 

ers for nS' ^'^'''^ many reafonable large round-pointed flow- 
CO eTffiS^^ in fome of a deep^ellow /olour like 

.?:i[!LTi^°f^^^^«}<^^eP2l^..^nd there is one whofe flowers 


areofaBrimftoncofnnrrr *^ V tr N'' ^"^ ^^^1^ flowers 

former, aSe^Too Ift T'' "" 1!^'^' ''' ^^^^^^ ^^^" ^"^ ^ ^^e 

, ana mcreale too faftj this is the true Cm»s ofMeJia, and the 






white fo called borrows that name from it, in refpea of the refem- 
blance it hath thereunto. - 

Crocus luteiis maxhnus. 


k ' 

jle gre^itefl yellow Crocus is hke the former, being a variety raifed 
from the feeds thereof ; the flowers are of a deep yellow colour, 
but as lar"e as the greatefl purple, for which it is efteemed. 


Crocus ftaVus jlfkitu 


THeyellorvflriped Crocus hath fmall bleak yellow flowers, witti 
three ftripes of dull purple on the backs of the three outer leaves, 
the green leaves are narrower and longer than any of the former.' 


Crocus tuteus Verl 

- r 

THe Cloth of gold Crocus hath fbort whitifli green leaves ; tM flow- 
ers are of a fair yellow colour v/ith three purple ftripes on tliQ 
backs of the outer leaves, all the reft of the flowers are wholly yellow, 
which are not fo plentiful as the former yellow, bearing but two or 
ihree flowers from one root-, the roots may be known from any others, 
being covered with a hard netted peeliitg, or fliellj of this fort ther^ 
is another, whofe outer leaves are on the backs wholly of a dark 
purple, except the edges which are yellow, and is therefore called the 
Duke ''crocus^ from the Duke Tulip-, and there is one other fort with 
■netted roots that hath pale yellow flowers inclining to white, with 
blewifli piirple ftripes up the backs of the outer leaves, and part of 
the ftalk next the flower, of the fame colour. 

that hither 


fome others inferiour to thefe 

Thefe are thebeft varieties of Spr 
come to our knowledge, there are 
which 1 have purpofely omitted, and I doubt not but many other va- 
rieties may be raifed from the feeds of thefe, being fowed and nur- 
fed up"by induftriouslorersofthis delight ^ and as in the colcfjicum^ 
there are fome that bring forth their flowers in the Spring, fo there 

fome Crocuses that flower in Autumn, which are next to be 


Crocus VenU, 


0e true Saffron fpringeth up with many long narrow leaves, and 
after them the flowers, in form like the former, of a reddifli 


tsurpie colour -, in the middle of the. flowers there are fome 
yellow chives ftanding upright, which are unprofitable, as thofe of 




the other kinds, but befides thefe each flower hath 

four greater and longer chives hanging down upon or between the 

hich are of'a fiery red colour, and the true blades of Saffi 

the which only being picked from the flowers, preflcd b 
papers, and 

dried upon. a Kiln, orotherwife 







(Book I 

eommohlyfoldiri {hops ; the roots are bigger thm thofe of aW 
n.hpw^.v ofcTr^a^/^andcovered with a hairy skin, eafily diftingui 

other for't 

flied from all others 

Crocus ^y^nt'mus argenteus, 


coloured Autumn CreCu! Cometh up in oSlober like the 

-JL /"^^^ 

the flower, commonly one, and feldom 

of theSp 

firft the green leaves appear , and iV 

the three 

pale blevv^ or filve _^ 

leiTer. with fome yellow chives in the middle, and a long point£ll 

and the other three more white and 

feathered at the top-, the root is round and covered with a ruflet 


Crocm Tyreiiieus purpurea 

*- -^A 

- I 

He pirate m&untm Crocm nkxh up 

Colchicum before the 

leaves, commonly with one flower, andfomecimes 
ttef another^ ftsftdin^ on long foot-flalks, of a violet purol 

sod almofl 

yeJiow chives 

the \)i%%^^ purple of the Spring 

middle, and a long feathered topt pointell 



fucceed the flowers, fometimes appearing before Win 

ter, but mofl; ufually not until! the Sp 
white liie i\\^t of the leflTcr purple. 

the root is fmall and 

Crocus montanus Jutumnalis. 


■ 1^ 

M • 

ffe Atttum mounuin Crocas fpringeth later than any of the fotr 
mer, about the end of c>^(^^^r, with three or four fliort ^reen 
and atter them the flowers, which are of a pale bleak Wew 

colour , ftanding on (hort foot-ftalk 


ground at the firft, but afterwards grow a little higher 


Ung very 

mth a flat bottom 

ed with a dark -gray coat, and 


the root is 


Thefearc all the Autumn kinds hitherto difcovered; thofeofthe 
Spring are m flower one after, another, and many of the beft to^e- 

tner, trom the middle of J^el^ruayy unto the middle of March 

Jjuke Crocui^ . ^ • . 


, and thofe with netted roots being commonly the firfl: 
and thcgreateft furfe the laft ; thofe of Autumn flower from the be 
ginning of Sepemher to the end of oMe 
order as they fland<lefcribed. 

All thefe fever al forts of Croens . 




after another, in 

both of the Spring and Au 

tumn, Jofe their fibres with their leaves, and may then be taken up 

and kept dry 



thofe of Autumn until v^^g-^/, and of the Sp....-- uu- 
they are hardy and will profper in anyplace, the Vernal 

increafeexceedinglv if they fland any time unremoved', as- the 
^^Jz-tf/jdoth, which is taken up every third year/ the 

.ia* increafe very jittie 

clofe up CO a wall or pale 

the beft place to plant S 

her A 



the edges of boarded borders round 


. k 



£hat>. XVIU. 


I _ 

about the Garden, mingling the colours of thofe of a reafon toge-. 
ther, as the whites with the purples, the beft Cloth ot Gold with the 
Royd, the deep purple feathered with the lighter and fo ot thereftj 
by obfervation moft of them maybe diftuigUiOied by the roots , and 
fo placed according to the fancy of the Planter, but the io- -—- 

oned places are the befl: 

other flowers appear untiU they 


forfliould they be fet among Tuhp (as fome ufe to do) the 

GrafTy leaves after th 



he pi 

would more trouble and diC 
the flowers di'd delight and adorn it 5 many 


more varieties than are yet difcovered, maybe raifed trom the feeds 
of th- beft of thefe, being fowed in September , and every other year 
«v removed and fet wider, untill they bear flowers, mak ng th 

ground light and rich 

•be a great addition unto them 

hich they are tranfplanted , which will 




• --r 










Irvs bulhofa. 

Be hulbetisTlorver-de^ucc is df two forts, the onebig- 

and the other leffer in all the parts thereof,the 


Irft is called Iris bulhofa latifclia^ the broad-leaved 
bulbm Iris^ or Flower-de-luce , whereof there are 
many fine varieties •, the other is called Iris hd- 

" ' ' ' iw-leaved ^^/^^«/ Flomr- 

of which there are more diverfities thari 

?em. Before we proceed 


but moft of them of lefs eft 


to tn. defcripVons of thefe, there are t«H) other forts ot Fiercer- Je- 

/««, deferve to be mentioned, and firft that called , 



He firli frcM bulkus Flowr-de-ha of CUfms, before the long, 

broaS flaggy, thin green leaves nfeup to half their height or 

lenethpiutetS forth twS or three flowers from the middle of them, 

ftandng on ftort weak fo^t-ftalks each flower confiftmg of nine 

eaves as all flomr-d:-lHca do, whereof thofe three that ftand up- 

r"ht ale flwrt and clofed toother , the three that fall down turn up 

the ends and the three arctred leaves, which m other Fhw,Mc,s 

ro.ei the bottoms of them fland up, parted into two ends, m fome 
Xte to in moft of a sky-colour, with a long ftnpe in each of th? 

white, out 111 / ^i^^j.^ diverfities have been foUnd in this 



h there be but one kinde thereof 

dm'' to t^e nouri(hment it receiveth 

hapnetTi in dive 

X PlSus After the flowers arepal, the green leaves grow longer, 
the 1^0 1 fomthing big, roi>nd,and white,covered with brown skin- 

hav ng nw or three°lon'g thick roots growing under it, from whence 
SfmaUfibixsfhootmtotheground -...,.. . ^, 





^^- , ^ookl 

Jm ferfica. 


•y//* ^/■/4» i/ir, or jWf;--^j-W Cometh up with one, two dr 

-I three flovvers , according to the age of tL Plant, as foon as 
the green leaves begin to appear above the ground , whfch after the 
flowers are paft grow broad, long, and flaggy,.'Iike thofe of the for- 
taer; the flowers ftand on weak fliort foot-ftalks , compofed of nine 

eaves the three that turn down are of a pale sky-colour, with a 
large fpo_t of brown purple , almoft black, on the ends thereof with 
another fpot ot deep yellow above it, ftreaming along the middle of 
there leaves under the arches , with many fmall fpo?s of the fame 
dark purple colour on both the fides thereof; the three arched 
leaves that cover the lower part of the/ailing leaves, ateofthefame 

pa^e sky-colour with the ndge, but a little blewer, and the ends par- 
ked in two pieces and turned up ; the three other leaves which in 

other J W-^f-W, ftand up, and are called the top leaves, in this 


^fmalland turn down towards theftaIk,of the fame pale sky- 
that IS in the arched leaves ; the root is like that of the 

.^ The firtl is faid to flower m its natural Country in ^.nuary and 

^fW>, but with us not antiU Apil, and moft ufaally in^^^, 

the other flowereth with us in the end of >,&^., v , or begkinin^ of 




\ \ 

defended IromFrofts m Winter, the other is mOre hardy ,Md will 
trow and beat flowers plentifully in any good foil; after the leaves Ire 

dryed down, and about the tim'e that^r'/^.are .taken up t^^^^^^^^^ 
of thefe may be removed, but in the taking of them up Suft 
be had that the long roots that grow under tie bulb be not broken 
they may be kept dry nptill Sefl^6er, and then parted and Xntel 

tfrTe rea?s unS^v'ed'' u'^ T ' ""r^" ' '"'"^ ^he/Sy S 
.trSbear iSr.'"' '^ '"' ^"^^ ^'^^'^ "? ^^^ ^''- Tear, 


his hulk/a major ^ five Jndica c^ruka. 

lomnofed of nil. 1 '^'""y^^^ o°«= ^"d fometimes Jwo flowers, 
corapoledol nine leaves, three turned downwards, lon<^er and 

ma.f 1 T l"^ °i '^ °'^''> "''^ ^'^'^S a yellow fpo ablt h« 

fhS' t^'>i^'i'^, P^" of thel«f, as in ill others of this kind 

^ded fn to two nl^"'"' {'T' T'^f "P *^ ^n*' ^^''^'^h "^ di- 
rided into two parts; and the other thretleives ftanding uF'Sht, 




Ch^ti. X'yl. 


fmall at the bottom , and of the breadth of a fix pence 





flower in this except the yellow fpot , is of a bleak 

y blew colour -, the Cesd is roand and of a yellowifli brown 
contained in three- fquare husks, wherein if it be ftirred wh( 


pe It wi 


bis arid Ions , covered with a bi 



moft common and the woifl of all others 

reft thctt follow are fine flowers, and fome of them very 

Iris hulhoj'a major flore Cdruleo ekgant'ior . 

is in all things like the 


THe great bulbous Iris with a rich blew flower^ is 
former^ except the colour of the flower, ^^h!cH in this is a rich 
ihinia'g blew colour , far excelling the other, and having that fpot 
which is in the lower leaves of all chefe Flomr-Je-[ufeSjO( idte^^ 
yellow inclining to an c?;r/;j-f. ■ . 


Iris hidhofa major fl ore cxrukoyariegat-i fiVC chamokita. 

He hlnv [Iriped Fhrvcr-de-luce is like the firft, the flowers of the 

fame blew colour, but diverfly marked and flriped throughout 
ry leaf thereof^ with a dark violet purple cobur, refembling 
watered Chamolet. 


Iris huthojci majnr pnrpm-ea. 


He great fifyfk Uthous Flomr-de-htcs hath larger flowers than the 

fivftcommonkindj the whole flower except the yellow fpot, is 
of a reddiflimurry purple colour. 


jfrw bulbofa major flare Jxiriweo Verjteohr. 

"ir* He *rye4t HrfU variable ^nlboits Fhwer-de-luce hath the flowers 

foni t V 

,vhai lefler than the former, and of a rich murrey purpJ 


fmall yellow fo 

the fallin 



marked with 

w h ic h 

the WAllooni 


pie, almoft black, upon a lighter purple, hke watered 
ChamoletjSni therefore by fome called brown purpur Chamoletj-and 
the former the blew Chamolet, 
bi oughc'them over aQt of 'Flanders^ 

Jris hMofd major fl 


Hs '^n^'^t 4fi}'€ot»ttredbttlbo»sFh^er-de'tiiceh2it\\ one or two flow 
pison aftalk. as bis as the firft blew, which arc of an Afh or Lff 


with a yellow fpot in the three falling 


Iris htilboja major florccinereojiriata 


H^ nreitt Ajh-cdeftredfirifed bnlioits Iris is like the M, only the 

flowers of this bein^ of the fame colour are ftriped and veined all 

over \*ntb fmall lines of purple. 





%_A. !Bookl 

Iris hulhoja major Verftcolo 


•' I 

He great %'mahle coloured hulboHS Florver- de-luce hath the three 
falling leaves of the flower of a pale fil ver-colour, with a circle of 
afh-colourabout the yellow fpot, the. arches are of the fame filver- 
colour, ridged with aih-colouri and the top leaves alfoftriped and 
veined with blew. 

pis bulhoja major flore ruhente. 

' - 

lis great f ale red or Peach-coloured hHlhotis Flotpcr-de-luce'is more 

rare than any of the former 5 the flowers are in falhion like thofe 
of the purple^ ana of a pale red colour like unto the blolfome of a 
Peach J with a fm all yellow fpot In each of the three falling leaves , 

his hulhofa major flore alho, 


T He great white hulboui Flower-de-luce is fotoething bigger than 
the firft common blew 5 the flowers when they are full-blown 
are of a pure fnow-white colour,with a fmall yellow fpot in the middle 
of the three falling leaves. 

Iris hulhofa major flore alho maximo. 

He great white hulhous Iris with the higgeft pwer is like tliQ lafl 
but fomething bigger 5 the flowers are longer and larger, of the 
fame fnow-white colour, and fometimes the three top-leaves'will be 
a little ftriped and fpotted with a faint purple colour. I have divers 
blews, murrey, and violet purples, fome deeper, and others lighter 

flowers,which I raifed from th^ feeds of this great white and 


one deep blew with fmall ftripes of white through every leaf of the 
.flower, and of more than an hundred, I had but two whites the 
more, the other lefs flriped than th 



- / his hiMofa major alhayartegata, 

hp^tf ^r^/if white flri^ed hulhous Flower-de-luce hathja fmaller flower 
n ^^?" ^]^^ "'■ft white, of the fame pure white colour, and finely 
ftriped^and marked with veins, ftripes, and drops of a fliining watchec 
or blew colour throughout every leaf thereof, this is by many called 
the turcelan Iris, from the colours and manner of markini> refem- 
bling that of a C/&/>;,4 di(h. ^> " 

Xr/J hulhoja major flore alho <tr Jjurpureo yaric.<rata. 

He great white hulhous Ir is firifed with purple next to the peach co- 
lom- is the rareft of all the great hulhous Flower-de luce-^tbe flowers 
are almoft as large as the firft white, of the fame pure white colour 
and excellently flnped and marked through every leaf thereof with 




a<i/>. xrin. f l o <n^j. , . „ '41 

purple- of the feeds of this I have raifed feveral varletles^wbercof two 
are moft cohfderable, one of them hath a fnow-white flower, marked 
in the falls with dops of purple, and the top-leaves with fmall ftripes,^ 
the other is of a deep velvet dark violet purple colour, with fmall 
fpots and ftripes of adi-colour, both in the three falling leaves, and 
thofe that ftand upright. 


Lis hulhoja major pore luteo. 

k ^ 

THsgnai jdlow httlhotis Tlowcr-de-luce ^i^txtih. only from the 
M white, in that the flowers of this are of a fine bright gold* 


the fpot in the three falling leaves of a deeper yell 

almoft oreng 



T.hefe are the diver fities of the greater hulhous Flower-de-luces^ as 
far forth ashithertohavecome toour knowledge 3 1 doubt not but 
that there are many more in other Countreys, and more may be raifed 
in our own, by fowing the feeds of thofe we have, which in ordering 
is the fime with rulifs-, they bring forth cheir flowers in fune, fome 

foouer than others, the blews being firft in flower, then the whites^ 

and the purples laft. . - c 

The roots lofe their fibres every year, and mufl: be taken up as fooni 
as they are dry down, or a little before, for if they ftay longer m the 
round, within a fortnight after flowring, they will put forth new 
bres, and then ic is too late to ftir them-, the roots bemg taken up 
,.i a fit feafon, may be kept dry untill the beginning of Augufl^ and 
then it will be time to fet them, for it is not good to keep them too 
lon^out of ground 5 if the earth wherein they are fet be over rank 
and1iot,itwilIrotand confume them all ; therefore a bed muft be 
made for them ofgoodfreftififted earth, and not too poor neither, 
for then they will not thrive 5 nor placed too much in the Sun, for 
thn will fcorch and fpoyl them ^ but the beft place is on the Eaft fide 
the Garden, for neither tht South nor the Weft fides wiU agree with 
them, as I have often found by experience. 



I ^' 

THelefferhulhoHs Flomr-de-luce is next in order to be defcribed, 
whereofthere are many more varieties than are to be found in 
the <'reatcr kmds, but many of them very common, and of fmall 
cftecm we will therefore make choice of fome few, and chuic the 

. T ^ 



beft an^ moft worthy to be colleaed and entertained 

Iris hidbof a minor jlorcalho, . ; 

m Her white hlhm Flomr- de4»ce fpringeth out of the groUrid 

before Winter, with fmall narrow leaves, which at the Sprmg 

bi^^ser and lonj^er, with a hollow clunel on the infides ,5 the 

' ' " ■ at 


ftalkis Imiger and fmaller thao that of the former kind, bearing 









^ ^- "Book I 

die top out of a thin skinny husk,one or two Howers.of a fnow-whlte 
colour, fmaller, fliorter andronnder than thofe of the greater kind 
with nine leaves (landing in the fame fafhion , the three falling leaves 
having a yellow fpot in each of them -, the arched leaves are'divided 
aad turn up the ends^ and the other three cop-leaves are longer than 
tbofe of the greater kind, and ftand upright ; the feeds are like thofe 

ot theformerbutlefler, and the roots are yellower, fhorter and not 
fo hiiry, very apt to ofF-fet, whereby they are foon increafed This 
defcription may ferve for the reft of this kind that follow therefore 
we will onely add the feveral tiames by which fomeof the beft are 
received^ and the difference of the colours that are in the flowers of 


that want names 

There is another »^//f, that is bigger in all the parts thereof than 
the tornjer, the ftalk taller , and the flowers larger , bat not of fo 
pure a white colour as the other> and having that yellow fpot in the 
three falling leaves as in all others 

There is another tik^ the firft in Cue and fafhion , whofe fallin 
leaves have a lit tie /hew of yellownefs in them , and fo have the mid 
die ridges ot the arched leaves, but the upright, or 



. We have another with a fmall flower as n^te as the fecond the 
lower leaves are fo fmall , that, the yellow fpot covereth almoft all 
the ends thereof, ft^^ing outright., the arched leaves arealfofmall 

and long , and the top-leaves bend in the middle and meet at the 


_ There is another kind called the S^A^I/h yel/orp , that rifethnotfo 
high as ufually the reft do, the flower is like the firft , but of an ex. 
ceiient deep Gold-yellow colour throughout the whole flower 

And another that rifeth as high as the fccoad , with pale yellow 
powers, with a deep yellow fpot , of this there are diverfities , fome 
bigger and fome Icffer, fome with paler and fome with deeper yellow 
flowers, and one with the falling leaves white, except the yellow fpot 
which is common to all the hihus Flower-de-luces 

' We have one called the /4r/^-f,/,«^^i Sj^af^ifh , whofe falling 
leaves are white, the arched leaves filver cqlour, ancfthe top-leavel 
ot ablewiflipuipe^ of this fort there is another that hath the falling 
leaves cirled with blew , the arched leaves pale blew, and the top- 
leaves purple. 

■ » 

There is another called the earh P0mgan, that is fmaller in all th 
par ts thereof than the former, the flowers ftand round and neat, i 
laihion like the Sfanifh yellow, but wholly of a fair blewifli pu?pl 

coiiour, except the yellow fpot which is in the three falling leaves 

- 1 








. We have another j'/zr;/^ witli a higher ftalfc, and larger flower th 

thelaft, but near of the fame colour. 

f « f 

^ 4 

There is another like the laft, whofe flowers are of a reddifli pu 
pie-colour; and flow^reth very late. 

■ ■ 



And another that hath yellow falling leaves, Sky-coloured arches, 
arid top-leaves of a murrey purple* 

And there Is another whofe falling leaves are yellow, the arche 
and top -leaves of a fail- haii-colour, and another of a fadder and dul 
ler brown colour. 

And we have another that is taller and larger than any of the reft 

And we have another that is taller ana larger tnan any oi tuc rcu, 
v^ith falling leaves of a dusky yellow colour , with veins and borders 

about the^'edges of a dun colour, the arches of a dull purplilli yel 

and the top-leaves of a fuUen blewifli purple, 


There are many other varieties, but moft of them inferioi to thofe 

mentioned 5 we will conclude with three other forts that arem 
rare than any of 

Iris angujli folia Hifianica hulbofa non f crista 


and fhorter; the 


Tffe SPamjh narrorvkavedFlomr-de-luce^notw} 
thina like' the Spanifl-ydlow / but fmal er ^ . ^ 

flower is ot a pleafarit bright yellow colour, witha deeper fpot in the 
three falling leaves, and inftead of the top or upright leaves it hath 
three very fmall flioit (harp pointed leaves,^ if they may be called 
leaves in refpea of tlieit fmallnefs. 

Iris m^rutlifoliahulhofddegantifmaj^erd^^^^ 

TBe modele^m mrrorv4eavedhulhom Tris, with a Peach^oloUreci 
flower rifeth up with a ftalk and leaves like thofe of the middle 
fize. the flower hath large and long falling leaves vvith a yellow 
fpot 'in the middeft of the ends of them -, the arched leaves are alfo 

and the divided ends long and turned up •, the top 


hkewfe large and longhand the whole flower.except the yellow fpot 

of a fine re^dirti Peach-colour , deeper than that of the greater kind 
before mentionedi this is the rareft of all other , and as hard to b~ 



Iiisbuthfct mgujlifd'ui [ajpimia cade. 

at nmoa-lcivd hdhm Iris, with a fitted (Idk, iSin the manJ 

net of growing fomething like the PorlHgaa but a ''"le taller 

and bi"-er • the flower is of that fadiion^and wholly ol a reddifli mur- 
rey pu?ple colour,- except the fpot which is in the fallmg leaves there- 





of, which ill 

L.O^J. ' !Bookl 

in tills is 6F a deep yellow colour , round ar the head ^ arid 
with a fmall lift running under the arched leaves j this may be known 
before W iriter^ after the greert Leaves are come up , for that the bot- 
toms of them for an inch above the ground, are of a reddi{h colour full 

of dark purple fpots •, this is that which the Wa^eons have lately 
brought over out of Flanders by the nam^ of Iris £ Ahb^, Some of 
them flower fooner, and others later, commonly after moft of "the 
greater kinds are paft, in fune^ and ftay until ^»/)i ^ the purple For- 

tugallzni the s^dnijj) yelloW are firft , the hair-colours and murrey- 
urples laft; the flowers will be foon fpoilcd by wet, unlefs it be (hx- 
eh off fliorrly after it hath fallen upon them. 

The roots lofe their fiibr 


thofe of the greater kind' and 

tobehandled after the fame manner 1" the feeds of the beft kinds 

fo produce 

and the roots of the common or ordinary fo 

increafe too faft - the two lafl are the rareft.and moft tender 
muft be planted in good frefh earth that is not hot with dun 
ivhere they may have the comfort of the morning Sun onely. 





Jris Tukro/a. 

of divers 

Jrii miner, or Cham 

He Tuberous^ ox flag- leaved ptotoer-de I 
forts, and thofe commonly divided 
the T all and the Dwarf, the which majrbe fubdividec! 
into two other forts, broad leaves anci narrow leaves, 
t\\Q Tall are called iris maj&r^ or Latifolia the Dwart 

of each of thefe there are many diverfities 
ut of which wewillfele^a thofe that bear the fair eft flowers, and 
afs by the reft as not worth the mentioning 5 the beft of all the 
inds is called 

rifeth up be- 


Irk Chalcedonka major, 

^ He great chakcdGni&n Irif,ot iTurky Flower-de-luce ^ 
^ fore Winter, with divers broad yellowifli green U 
one within another at the bottom, and opening towards the tops; out 
of the middle of thofe leaves rifeth a round ftiflf ftalk two foot high, 
bearing at the top thereof one gallant great flower, conflfting of nine 
leaves as all the reft do 5 the three lower leaves being very large and 
i)road, are of a fad purple colour almoft black, diverfly fpotted, ftra- 
Ked and marked with a grayifh white colour, with a great black freez 
or fringe in the middle of each of them 5 the three arched leaves that 
cover the fmaller part of thefe lower leaves, are of the fame colour, 
and marked in die fame manner, but a little paler, efpecially towards 

the fides and ends 3 (he three upper leaves arealfo very large, and 





marked like the Other , but of a brighter and more lively colour by 
much; the roots are tuberous, thick and lon^, likethofeof other 
fla^ Florver-dc-luccs, but of yellower brown colour, with many gre3 


g ^at fibr 

tits Cbalced^ 

ffe liffer chdcedomn Irt's^ or Turk] Flerver-dc-Uce ^ difteretH 
from the former ^ in that it is lefler in all the parts thereof,' thd 
ofa yellower green colour, the 

flower darker, and not fo 

nently marked 

They flower in Ma] , fooner or lateras the Spring is forward 6i 
backward^ - - 

Thefeare the befl: kinds of flag Flower-de-luces • after theflowerS 
: paftj fometimes the roots will lofe their fibreSj and then the 

dye to the ground • fuchas do,muft be taken up and 

kept out of the ground untill the middle of d£fober -^ tlit befl: 
to tranfplant them is in the end of ^«^«y? or beginning of Sepembh^ 
the befl: place under a South- wall, and the befl foil that which is frefli 
and mi^ed with well-rotted and fine fif[ed wood -pile ear th'^ and if 

they will 

they be covered and defended from hard Frofts m Winter , 
profper and bear flowers much the better •, fome ufe to take uf> 
roots in the end of ^ime^ and keep them dry untill oaober 
maketh them the apter to bear flowers; 


I » 

t h 

Iris Dahnatka major,. 

f -- 

Ttie great Flower de-luce ^/ D4Wfi4 hath great troadSedg-lik^ 
green leaves, a tall ftalk, bearing three or four large flowers 
oh feveral branches that come from the top and fides thereof, which 
are in faftiion like the flowers of the common great flag Florver-de- 
luce of a pale blew or watchet coloilr, and fw^et fcent ; the roor i^ 

great and tuberous, proportionable to the reft of the parts. ,.0 

i - . 

Iris Afiatkd cdrulea. 


- ^ 

** _ '. 

* J 

" -i 

lie hleiv Flomf-de-luce of Jpp Kke the laft," butfomethin 
lefler in all the parts ^ 

the ftalk more branched , and bearing 

more flowers, which are of a deeper blew cplour than thofe of the 



Iris Lujitanka h'l^ord. 



T * 

Hetwkefiowring portug^U Florver-ie-hce is in all things like the 
common great purple flag/r^, but a little lefler, and flowreth 
in the Spring , and again commonly the fame year in Autumn ; the 
flowers of this are fweeter than any of the formec^ . ' .. \'a 



^m^ -& 

R % 




■ -.J 






^ook I 


his Came r aril purpurea yerfnolor. 

lie Variable purple P lomr-de- luce ef Camerariushaih green leaves 
almoft as big as thofe of the laft, but fliorter ^ the flower is of 
the fame fafliion, but lelTcr •, the three lower leaves are ofareddifh 
purple^ the arched leaves of a bleak yellow, fliaddowed with purple, 
and the three top-leares of a dull fmoky yellowifli purple colour 5 
tve have another that is takeii for the true Iris Camerari^^'m refped 
it agreeth with the defer iption of c//</»^3 a man of excellent judge- 
ment 5 this hath great thick knobby roots, broad flaggy leaves^a rea- 
fonable-tall fmoothftalk, and flowers of a blew colour, welted down 
tbeiniddle of the leaves with yellowiQi white, and the falling leaves 
fringed about with a thick plaited fringe of the fame yellbwifh white 
colour •, there is another that paffeth under that name that hath 
flowers of a pale blew or sky-colour, fringed about the leaves like 
the former^ but with a deeper blew colour than is in the reft of the 

flowen ' . ' • 



Iris Cdrukd yerficolor. 

^ j-r 

Tjie blew party-coldttred Tlower-de-luce hath green leaves fome- 
. . tailing lefler than the former 5 the flowers are variable in theit 
coburs, tor fome have the falls blew'at the edges and the refl: white, 
the arched leaves of a whitifli yellow, and the top-Ieaues of a pale 
sky- colour with yellowifli edg^es •, in fome the blew is deeper with 
dark fpots, in fome very pale 5 and there is one whofe upright 
leaves are of a bright watcher, with yellowiih edges, and the tai- 
ling leaves party -colouredjj half blew, and the other a(b-colour, with 

yello^vifli edges.. 



■■ t 



< . 

■ ' 


Iris alia Verjtcolor, 

'^-v-i ■. 

tie ivhit e'vartAhle Flow er-de- lace m roots & green leavs is like that 
of Camcrari/tis -, the ftalk rifeth almoft a yard high, bearing four 
or five flowers one above another, which are of a filver colour, with 
a lift ofblewifti purple down the backs of the top-leaves, and the 
lower leaves are whipt about the edges with blew, the arched leaves 
of a pal^ sky-colour, and more blew towards" the ridge 5 this is a prct- 
ly flower, but doth not dcferve thit nick-name Ir^ gloriofa zs 

ibmehavepatupoixir, - 


Iris a'urea angujlifolia Tripoluana. 


Be yellovp Flomr-de-tuce of Tripoh hath green leaves a yard 
long and almoft an inch'broad, the ftalk four foot high not big 

but ftiff and round, bearing at the top thereof 



leaved gold yellow flo\\'er$5 in faftiionlike thofe of the hul 

horn Flower-de-luce 









L ^j: 


Iris an^ujlifolia major ctrulea. 



• it 

He areAt hlerv mrrow-Uaved Flower-de-luce hath dafk greefl 
- leaves like the laft, hut neither fo long nor fo broad . the ftalk 
rifeth alittle above the leaves, bearing many flowers, which blow 
one after another, of a bright blew colour, and in falbion like 
thofe of the laft. 

Iris angufl'tfoltaljerfKolor Ouftl. 



jiemrrowleAvedvarhhle Floiver-de-luce of dufiushath a thicK 
tuft ofnarrow long green leaves, from whence (if the plant bq 
urn and have ftood long) come up many round ftalks, higher than 
the leaves bearing four or five fmall flowers one above another, the 
lov--r leaves whereof are variably marked with white and blew, bat 
-the arched and top-leaves are wholly of a light blew colour 5 the 

root confifteth of many long ft rings whereby it faftenech ftrongly m 

cbe ground and much iucreafeth 5 there is another of this lund tha£ 
beareth white flowers. 

t _ * 

Jr Is armiJlifoUa major fls/e du[ftlcL 

THem^tcrdoHhlemrrer^'leA'uedFlemr-de-luce hath long narrow 
areen leaves, but broader and 'fliorter than thofe of the la% 
^and not fo thick iet together -, the flowers feem like many thruft 
to-ether;coming confufedly out of one husk, not having the diftrnd 
-pa?ts of a Flomr-de4uce, and fometimes it cometh with two or 
Three fmail flowers, of diftind form, rifing out ol one husk , the flow- 
€rs are of a fair blew colour.with many veins of white running through 
the leaves 5 the roots are like thofe of the laft, but bigge 

Toaprto increare. • . , " "\ ' 

J and 

Chanmrls lattfolu aM maj 

-% V 

J aiij 

rT^/^fVr«f n.^i/<rV«'<,r/- . flo^tf-di Ue bthfomechmg broad 

1 but Ion green leaves, a ftalk about half a foot high, bearing 
commonly Ut one flower,". which m fome is fnovv-vvhue , a^d m 
others ftraw-colour -, the roots are tuberous like the eommon flag 

de-lucc.hai lefler and ftioi 



Chanumis latiJoUa maj or purpurea 

f-THe^reatMledmrf FlomrJ.-lucels like the 
i difference is in the colour of the flovver, which is 

iriolet purple, in fome deeper, and in others lighter. 

former, the only 
in this of a dark 










Cham/tris latifolia alba minor 

THe leffer white dwdrf Tlmer-d< 
thereof than the former, the fl 

e-lace Is fmaller ill all the parts 

flowers fcafce rife above the leaves, 
%vhich are like the other but lefler, and of a vvhitiili colour in one, and 
in another ilravv- colour $ there are of this kind that bear violet pur-' 
pie flowers, in fome deeper, in others lighter • and one of a pale sky- 
colour ; there is another that hath the falling and top-leaves of a 
yellowiib colour, with lines of ptirple, and another that hath the top- 
leaves of a blewifli yellow, fpot ted with purple, the falling leaves 
(pread over with j^ale purple lines, and the arched leaves iilver- colour, 

'. . r *. ^ I . ' 

ChamMris latifolia flore'ruheute^ 

^ - 


He hlujh-coioured dtvarf Fhrver-de-luce huh leaves and roots like 
the former, the ehiefeft difference is in the colour of the flower, 
this having the falling leaves of a reddiQi Peach-colour, with blew 
thrums, the arched and top-leaves of a fine pale red or blufli-colour. 

k - 

Some of thefe Flower-de-luces do bring forth theli- flowers in Airily 
others in Ma^^ and fome not untill June, 


They are hardy plants^ and will grovv and increafe in any place, but 
the better the foil is^ the more they will florifli 5 thofe that have large 
Gardens may aiford them room, but moft of them are fitter for the 
borders of a Fruit-garden, than that of flowers, inrefped^ they take 
up much ground which might ferve to plant better things ; the beft 
time to remove and plant them is in the beginning of Sepember,'^2.xt- 
ing the roots and fetting them neither too thick nor too deep. There 
are iwo other {5lant's which Mx^ Gerard hath placed in the end of the 
Ch^L^ieioiflag Flower-de-hceSy the orie is that fmall lUmr-de-luce 
with the three-footed root, and greeniih flower with black falls,'cal- 
led the velvet Flower-de-lucey heretofore^cprnmon in moft Countrey 
Gardens, now rarely found 5 the other is the Sifymichium or Sfa- 
jiijh-mty which hath a round netted root like that of the cM 
€old Crocus, andbearcth in its natural place ^ which is the Sea coaft"s 
of 5/'4/» and P ort ugall)(md\l foon-fading flowers, having the parts of a 

//tf»'^r-^f-/tfff,whichtouscanbeof no ufcj for it will not thrive 
tranfplanted, or grow at all in England, 






,. I-^ 

-i. II. ^ 














/ ■ 





thereof are of no great 

drft'ildg, and the varieties 
efteem, yet becaufe they come in a feafon when there 
are not many other flowers, the three folJowing 
kindesmay be admitted into the Plower-garden. 

Gladiolus ^^:^ntinu6, 

HeCorn-pgofCon^antino^tenki\\M'^mt\\ tliree 6r four broad 

lon^ and ft iff green leaves, full of ribs, one coming out by the 

fide of the other, and joyned at the bottom-, the ftalkrifeth from 

amonc' the leaves, bearing many flowers one above another, ftandiflg 


in this kinde are larger 

all one way like thofe of Fox-gloves , . , - - 

than in any of the other forts, and ot a deep red colour , with two 
white rpots witlun the mouth of every flower 5 the root is round flat 
and netted Over^apt to give many off-fets if it ftand long unremoved. 

p r 


Gladhlus florefuave ruknU, 


ht redfiomr^ hath green leaves almoft a^ 
broad andlon? as the' former, but of ablewcr green colour,the 


*^He Corn-fiag^ mth a brtg 

lowers differ onely In the colour, which in this are of an excellent fine 

right red or carnatioil colour ^ and almofl as lar^e as thofe of the 





Gladiolus flore alho 

He Corn pg mth rphiteprvers is lefTer in all the parts ther^df th 

laft deicribed j the leaves are of a frefliei 
hiteiiand the flowers fnow-white 


There aie three other more common 




han the oth 


that bear red flow 

nd one that is Afli 

lied the ItJian Corn- flag, that bear 


red French Corn-pg 

that they are of a fadder red 

rs, the one a little bi 
mr 5 and we have another 
flowers like the common 

c:olour, and 

orow ou both fides the fl:alk 

T hey flower in June arid beginning of ^ulj 5 the Bytantme h thi 
iateft, and the common kitids are the firft. ^ • 

The roots yearly lofe their fibres, and as foori astheflalks arc 
Jry^ may be taken up and kept out of ground, untill the time of Cet- 



* •■ 





^ook I 

ting Tulips 5 they are apt to give many off fets, and therefore re- 
quSe to be taken up and every yeer freed from them, and the old 
roots fet again five or fix together, that they may make the better 
fhevv when they are in flower,^ the firft is a little tender , and would 
be defended from "Frofts in Winter^the other are more hardy, and the 

cotamon kinds will Profper in any place and incrcafe too much: 


' . 




' ■ 

CHAP, X^t^ 



Orchis Jtve Satyr iurti. 



He tU' Or chit fix Bee-ftomr Satyrms, for variety may be in- 

ferted' although they grow wild in many pi 

Hy thofe called 

received imo Gardens for the beauty of the flowers^ 





Mellitiajt^e a^ifird 

He See- flomr grows iiot abo^e fix inches HgK ^ith three or four 

fomething narrow green leaves 3 the ftalk beareth three or four 

flowers one above another, each containing four leaves; three of 
them' are fmall and (harp -pointed, ©f a blufti-colour, and turn up to- 
wards the top of the ftalk •, the fourth is round , and in form and co- 
lo^rfohkeunto a Bee^ that any one unacquainted therewith may 
take it for a living Bee fucking ot a flower 5 the roots are round, two 

joyned together, and after it hath born flowers^ one of-them peri(heth, 
and the other remaiiieth hard and found, 


Orchis Spe^odes* . 

GNdts Satyrim hath leaves fomewhat larger than the hil^ and the 
ftalk higher •, the flowers grow in the fame maiiner ,< but diffet 
in that the lower leaf is in this like a Gnat^ or great long Ply, the roots 

like thofe of the Bee-fi 

Orchis Myodes, 

FLy Orchis is in all things like the laf!, except the flowers, which of 
this are fmaller than^ either of the former, and the lower leaf like 
a Fly with leggS;, a lift of Afii- colour crofsing the back, and the 
lower part black^ There are many other varieties of Orchis and Sa- 
tyrions^ Tome bearing pretty flowers, as the male and female handed 
Sdtyrions^ the Butter-fly Orchis^ the fn©w-white, the all-red, the 
yellow, and divers that are fpotted, all which are found wild in divers 
places of the South and Weft parts of England, 

The lime of their flowering is commonly about the middle of Mdy^, 






t -• 


They are ufually diged up where they are foand, with a tiirf about 
them, which may be fet irt fome (ludy barren place of the Garden, 
for th'ey will noclive at all in a hot good foil; but the beft way to 
plant them ^ is, firft to make choice of a place in the Garden fit for 
them, then digg up a broad thick tUrf iri fome Meadow^ or other 
place where they naturally grdvv, then open a hole and fet the turf 
therein, with the grafs upwards, wherein with a knife cut round holes, 
takitig out the pieces fo rounded, and jiut the roots in the places^ and 
and fill them up with fome of the fame earth j this may be done m 
iuneox^tdj^ and at the Spring when the grafs and flowers grow up 



pair of Scifers cut the grafs low,and leave the flow 

which by this means will profper atidbear 

in thcirnaturai 



1 have experienced 

Dtns CnninuJ. 


Oggs -toothy 6v Do^S'tcoth Violet , is a kind of Satyr m^ as the, 
fpot ted leaves and roots do manifeft, but of greater heaaty 
and rarity than any of the former that grow wild with us ^ as thefe 
do alfo in divers places of Italy ^ Germany y and France , and for th^ 

beauty of their flowers deferve to be planted in the beft Gardens, . 

..J r 


i)ens Ca?mus flvre dibo. 


DOggS't0oth with a white fiorver comes up in the Spring with two. 
feaves when it will flower, otherwife but one, which come ouC 
of the ground clofed together with the flower between them , which, 
opening lay themfelves flat on the ground , the fl:alk arid flower 
ftanding up between them ^ the leaves arc of whiti(h green colour^ 
lon^ and narrow, but broadeft in the middle, fpotted and ftriped with 

white lines and fp 

ftalk is about half a foot high, bearin 

the top one flower, hanging down the head , containing fix 
lon^ white leaves, which turn up again to the ftalk like to the flowei 
of Cyclamen -, in the middle of the flower there is a white three-for 
ked ftile compaffed about with fix chives tipt wirh fad purple pen 
dents-, the root is long and white like a Doggs-tooth , frOm whence i 

is fo called, with a fmall peece joyned to the bottom thereof. 




Dens Canhnts flore p'urfurafcente. 


DOz€S'toothwithapalel>t*rpiepwerlsWc:m all the parts there- 
of than the former, the leaves are broader, but fliorter.fpotted 
and marked' with darker lines and fpots •, the flower is fike that of thB 
other but fmallcr and of a pale purple colour. 

De?u Caninm flore rul 

Dozzs-tooth witharedflowerh^th leaves of yellowifh green mealy- 
colour, fpotted with red 5 the flower is of a deep reddifh purple 

colour, and the chives more purple than thofe of the hft. 





^ 1 




^ook L 



Dens CanhiiMfloreluteo. 

|\6*^^i-te^ rt'^V^ a yelioiv fiojvir differetli from the firfi, iri that 
**-^ the leaves of this are fadder and bf owner, and the flower of 4 
fine pale yellow colour^ in other things agteeing* 



Thcfe pretty flowers dome forth in the end of March^ or beginning 
Cti/fjril'^ they do nor afted a dunged foil^but muft be planted in good 
frefli earth about the middle of Augufl:^ before they put forth new 
fibres ; for although they lofe the old every year , yet they quickly 
recover nevV^ and therefore muft not be kept long out of ground> 
aftd when they are fet, it will be convenient to cover the place wiih 
fome pot or tub, to defend them from wet^untill they have put forth 
fibres and begin to get ftrength , which will be within a fortnight if 
they be fet at the fore -mentioned time, and then all danger ispaft,for 
too much rain falling upon them prefently after they are'fet , will be 
apt CO rot and fpoil them^ thefe roots do fcldom increafe with us, 
but many of them are yearly brought over out of France m<i F Un- 
der s^ by fuch that make a Trade of felling flowers, whereof there are 
many now about London^ but commonly they come over fo late cha« 

of them 






yjv-hcady in the fp 
leaves , and 

and marking of 


e green 

turning back of the flowers, fomewhat 
refembling the Doogs-tooth ^ is next to be handled : 
There are many varieties thereof, andmoftof them 

thy to be received 

the Gardens of the beft 

Tlonfls, adorning them with diverflties of gallant variaged 

fweet-fmclling flowers, fome of them appearing 
the Spring , fome in Somer , but moft in Autumn, of aJl which 



Cyclamen Venmmflorepuyptireo, 

Umen of the Spring hath a fmaller root than many 

of thofe that follow, round and flat like a Turnip, andalmoil 

black on the outfide, from whence fpringeth up divers round 
ed and ftiarp-pointed green leaves, {potted and circled with white 
round about the middle on the upper fide, and red underneath 5 the 
flowers come up folded in the leaves, every one upon a fm all long 
ftajk, hanging down their heads and turning ap the leaves again,com- 

pofed of five narrow long leaves, which in this are of ^ bright fhi- 




Chab. XXII 

' - . 

^^ / . ... i^J 

ning reddiai purple colour, and {vveet fcenc i after the flowers are paft. 

the head or feed-vcfTel flirinketh down , winJirig the ftalk iii a fcrowl 
about it, and refterh on the grounJ hid under the leaves, where it 
groweth great and round , containing fome fmall feeds. ^ There is 
one of this kind that flowereth about chnfimai , if not hiridred by 


CydanknVeninmflon'dlho, -^ . 

h L 

T:He rvhiic Cyclamen of the Spring differetli from the former , .iri 
that the leaves of this are rounder , and not Co much mdentedj 
and the flowers fnow-white t in fcent far fweeter than the former, irt 


,"b Ligrccuig 


Cyclamen Vermin Cretkumflore alk 



lie white CAYi^y C-jcUmen of the Sf ring Mtxtih from the laft, in 
that the green leaves are larger, longer, more indeuted^and emi- 
..tly marked, the flowers longer, and the leaves of them broader,iii 
other parts agreeing with the former, 



Cyclamen Jntiochentm flore nmplo alho dilpUcl Female. 

T lie double white Spring Culmeii of Antioch hath largelon£ 
ted leaves, and tall ftalks, with large double white flowers 


fiding of 


r - 

Cyclamen Vermmfldre ^tirpurafcenie. 

THe pale purple Cyclamen of the Spring is very like that of CAndj, 
but that the green leaves are broader and better marked, the 
flowers larger , and of a fine pale purple towards the points of the 
leaves the reft deeper ., in all other things agreeing with the white of 
Candy] and is a diverfity raifed fi:ora the feeds thereof. 


Cyclamen Sjlmm. 

BeSofnmer Cyclamen hath round green leaves, fomewhat corner-" 
^ ' ed and markedwith white on the upper fide, and dark red un^ 
derneatfi ., the flowers are fmall, purple, and fweet like unto the ft. (? 
purple of the Spring. 


' -^ Cyclamen ^mamwi. 


THe Rom» CycW^en hath rounder lewes than the laft, fora«im?s 
indented at the edges, and eminently marked about the middle 
with white fpots •, the flowers fpring up before the leaves, commonW 
rboatl«/r, which are (hort and ot a lair redd.ft, purple colour -, the 
root is bigger than any of the former, and the feeds being foweJ, 

btin- forth varieties , differing in the marking oj the green 


S I 





^ A. (Boo% I 

aacJ lit ttc Cue ancJ colonr of tlie flowers, fomei belhg blg|er thaii 
ptherSj aad of ;j deeper or lighter reddiih purple coloufi ' 


Cjclamen He de r ^e folio autumnak, 



Tfie tvyJedved Cyclamen of Autumn brihgeth forth thejfjowers 
before the leaves, like thofe of the Lift, but that they are longer 
and of a paler purplidi colour, the green leaves are longer alfo , poin- 
ted at the ends, with one or two corners at the fides , and commonly 
tcry much fpotted, and marked on the upper (ide 3 the feeds of tbis 
bring varieties like that of the Roman, 

Cyclamen Heder^e folio flore alho. 

He white Ivie-teanjed Cyclamen differeth frpm the laft, in that the 
leaves are rounder, and the flower white, 


Qckme?t mtumnale anpijlifolium, / . 


fie namw'leaved Cyclamen differ^ch ftgm ^W the reft, in tha^ the 
leaves are long and narrow, fet oh the ftalk at the bottome 
h two points like an arrow head., as in that of 4rum •, the flowers 
like the former, in one purple, and in another white. ' 



Cjclamefi AntiocUnum flore dupUci. 


round leaves, fom 

more fpotted 

^'^ tie aoiihle-fiowred Cyclamen cf Anttoch hath roun< 
-* thin^like that ofSomer, with four corners, and 
with white, the flowers are much bigger than thofe of any of the fo£ 
mer, having each qf them ten ov twelve leaves of the fame reddifh 
purple colour that is in the firft purple of the Spring, or a lit rle paler 
towards the points of the leaves, and deeper at the bottom, flow 
ring m Autumn ; there is moihtt Cyclamen oi Amioch that brings 

foith double fnow-white flowers, and many others that bear Angle 
flowers, bothoftheSpring, and alfoof Autumn, which are called of 
Ant tech, but rare to be found in pur Englifli Gardens, efpecially thofe 
"With double flowers. 


. T^ofe that are mentioned to be of the Spring, bring forth their 

flowers with the green leaves in Aprils or the beginning oiMay, that 
ot Somerm ^me, or the beginning oj July, thofe of Autumn come 
torth before the leaves, fome in theendof ^/^^^/?,many in SePtemlcr^ 
and the reft m the beginning of <9^^^^r. ^ '\ ' ^ 

The roots oiQf/^tef/? do not lofe their fibres, and therefore are 

^Idome to be removed, the beft time to tranfplant thejn is in Jttne or 
^«0, except (hat of Somcr and the Rman^ which muft be fooner, 
beiorethey begin 10 put forth bads for flower§ j they rar^y ipcreafe 
bytheroot,b»taj^ commonly raifed out of feeds, which muft be 
iQwn as foon 1% i|iey are ripe, ia fome ttib$ or fquare baxes, ia srood 

' iighc 

Chah. XXIII 




light earth, an^ at firft covered a finger thick, afterwards wheii thej^ 
are come up;, and the fmall green leaves dried down/ome more of the 
fame earth may t>^ put upon them ^ the firft Winter after the fowin 

they muft be houfed, or covered) to defend them from froft, efpecial 
ly ihofe of the Spring, afterwards they will be ftrorig eiioiigh to de 

fend themfelves 

years after the fovving they may be traiirpl 

ted and fee about nine inches diftarit from each other, where if th^ 
foil be good, they will quickly come to bear flowers, and perhapi 
fqme new varieties, di|!f ring in fize, colour, or markirtg of the greeii 
leaves, from all thofe before obferved; 


.CHAP...XXm. ■ 




^ ' V 

■ J 





He Wind-ftQWer^ QXAnemove^y wluch mmt it /s g 

i^erally r^c^iyed and ^nown, fo 

ddieacy pf 

form, richriefs of colour, ^^rid excglJ^Qcy of 
ty, next to tlie Tulips j deferveth tobe efteemed 5 
there are chiefly two kinds thereof, both bringing 
forth many diverfities of delicate flowers, as well 

double 3S iin 

^f ft by us is called Apmen 

kv.folh.i the Anmoyie with brpjid leaves •, the oiher 4 

f(^l'hu f-^^ 4.^^»»a«r with 

Lendon (tkt bring the 

mi by the WaHopi^n abouf 
^ 9I FrAHPti ^^^ Fk»4(}fi to fell) 

Hard leaf, ^nd Soft leaf. Tl^^f^^r.^fQRf wHd kinds that have beeii 

ragt^fd wifl} thefpjas t}ie Piflfftillail^ the'WQod Jmrngvp^m^iom^ 
'0tlms>mp \yonh ly mnmmgy ajt whkh fpr their uftworthioers 
aye eKeludeci PMJ of |:his colle^lign^ hayip| Co many varietiies ©f tks 
two nobler kinds to acquaint you with all, we will therefore begird 
with the latifoliasj thofe with broad leaves, and fo proceed to the 
tenuifelUSy thofe of the other Uni md\ narrpw leaves , and having 
given you a plentiful variety of double flowers, we fliall fay fome- 
jhingofthoftwithfinglgflpwgfSy irQm. vvhofe fieeds many fiftevg^ 

rieties ^r§ t|^ife4,.f9ffle mih dQ&bk, though ftiorp with finglg ^(^Qfi* 


• ' 




laiifiim "Hidgark maxw\0, verficolor 

-V I >- 

'> 4' 

J - if- ' ^ ^^ ' J - 

ffe common gireM double variable hroad-teavcd Jffem0tie CQ'^^tH 

up before Winter, with many fomething broad leaves, cat in on 
the fides and folding the edges, ^toA^ljTmg fmP0j:h and plain, of 
freflier ereen colour than many of thofe that foil 



J)ir4 in blfl^iifig, as gjl phi^. kijid are^ A^ iferefore W fm^ called 
H^f d-leaf 5 ftpm among th^f l?^Y^.s t'Mh ^ om mo Of mm ftalks 
for flows, O^f prdiog : t>. the age &ni biper§ ot fbj rpQt? " 

about the middle of theniTgniie jagM le4i?e§,^M §^tht 4}§emm$ 

JiOf* i- ilt the top of the ftalks the flowers come forth, which 






"Book I 


kr?e and double, confiding of many narrow long fliarp -pointed 
lea^ves, the out-moft whereof arc broadeft and green, with fonae 
flripes of Orenge- tawny, the inner leaves are fmaller, lefs ftriped with 
green, and the middle leaves being wholly Orenge-tawny,turning in- 
ward 'cover the head or button which is ufual in the middle of the 
flowers of moft of this kind 5 the root is tuberous, large and thick, 
-of a bbckifn colour on the outfide, and yellowifh within : this com- 
mon ^;i?f;*?<?;?^ is by many Gentlewomen, and others as ignorant, 
called Jtoiiff Hood, Scarlet and fohn, and the Spamfh Marigold -, there 

are two kinds thereof, the flowers of the one being more double and- 
lefs green than the other. ^ 


Ammom UtifoUa dlBws fdVo major. 


lie common hroad-kahjed deuhk [catlet Anemone i^ in all thirigS 
like the laft, except the flower, that of this having but two or 
three rows of large round-pointed leaves, which arc wholly of a light 
fcarlet or Oreage- tawny colour, with a whitifh circle at the bottom, 
and ablackiflihairyheadorbucton in the middle-, this and the for- 
mer arethemofl: common and beft known_ of all the forts of double 
broad -leaved Anemones, 

\ ' 


Jnejnone lattfol'ia flore pleno toccmo. 

ite troad-leaved Anejnme with a double fcarkt florver hath the 

leaves as green, but fraaller than thofe of the former 5 • the 
flower is thick and double, confifling of xnany round-pointed narrow 
long leaves, which are wholly of a rich fcarlet colour . there is ano- 
ther that beareth double fcarlet flemrs, the leaves whereof are narrow^ 

fharp-poinied, and of a lighter fcarlet colour 5 this is that fort wfiich 
is commonly called fu^er-rich, and there is another that beareth 
double fiomrs almofl as- large as the firft, which are of the colour of 

red-lead, .■ , ' , • *' < 

J/iemo?ie latifoliajlore pleno coccineo yariegata. 




THe hroad-lea-ved double fcarlet variegated Anemone hath fniall 
andfoniethingbrowngrecnleaves, a tall ftalk, bearing a gallant 
large double flower, of a rich fcarlet colour, and every leaf thereof 
finely ftriped and varigated with white : this far furpaffeth any of 
the former, and was brought out of t lander sVL^ioViS^ by the name 

of bell de Parts, ' " ■ ' 

- 'Y 


Anemone latifplia flore pleno ruhro. 

* * 

THe double froad- leaved red Anemone hath dark green leaves, an<i a 
fmall double bloud-red Flower, confifting of many narrow leaves; 
of this kind there is another like unto it, only the leaves of the flovv- 

ers are tipt, and a little edged with white; ^ '' , 






IS J. 

Jjiemne Idtifolia flore pkijo ^ur^ 

jie hmllcavcd dmhle furfU Anemone tiatli broader leaves 
than thofe of the laft, and ofa brownifli green colour^ the 

flower is fomething larger, and the leaves thereof not fomanv, but 

broader of a murrey purple colour; There are divers fo 


■]y differ in the colour of the flowers , fo 

bein^ deeper, and others lighter, andfomeof fo pale apurpl 
by bng ftailding before they fall, feem almoft v^'hite. 

chiefly differ 


■ Anemone LtifoUaflore l)lenojmr^ureo Varie< 

i-j^fie double ksad leaved purple 'Vdrigated ArJcjnone 
.1 eth from the former in the braver^^ of the flower,which JS ve- 
ry large, thick, and double;, of an excellent rcddiQi purple colour, and 
every^leaf thereof lifted about with vVhite. . 



The'-e are divers other varieties of doiible broad-leaved Anemonie^ 
that are yearly raifed from the feeds of fome flrigle flowers whereot 
there are many diverfuies, differing chiefly from the double kmds irt 
that the green leaves are Hnaller , arid the flowers fmglr --• ; ' — 
efteemed but fuch as bring the beft feeds, which are fovved iri hop 
of raifing new varieties of double flowers. 


Anemone latifoliaflorefiml&i. 
Road-leaved Jnemomesmthpgle flor^^rs are of diversforts and 

bisser, others 


the flov.'erf 

3,. .. fingle, confifting of onePaieor rowot leaves, witV.aha.ry 

head in d°e middle , of a colour differing from that of the leaves 
thefe flowers are of d.versreds, purple, fcarlets, deeper or paler eve. 

to Pinck or peach-colour, white, filver or Afl.-colour , fome of th. 
beftfo;tsarekeptby/&n7?^, forthat theybearfeeds tromn'l.enc, 

d.Ve.^ i« are raffed, fome double flowers as we 1 •«, mf X % f: 



."d o Ifehrg ol^urs, both plain ar,d «>■ ped In all thefe fi 
floors and fome of thofe lefs doubk than the bft forts of the 
S V ids i tk head in the Middle, alter thefiowers are fallen 
Sfb£ r . ni full of down,in whfch the fee s are vvrappef, which 
I aft be?a^etully gathered as foon as .t is r,pe,elfe itw. I b"ll b lowetf 
"v y with the w'nd , they are to be fowed and ordered after the 
{ manner as thofe with narrow kaves . 

/ ^ ^ AnmmctenmfdUruiilg^yhfloreflm^ 

rj^ ..,^^...^.u.Uen'drYQW'le(ived red Anmene hath many 

edg--; leaves, aividcd into many fcveral branches, each leaf 

bein" cut and parted into.nai.y diviflons fmaller a.rd more divided 
than thofe of Parfly, and fome of them like thofe of a CarM,a.ij,ong 









' ' (Bookl 

the root, withromefmallgreen leaves about the middle of eacli of 
them 3 

iix or ft 

and bearing at the top one great double flower 

and fometimes more broad 

3 confifting of 
of a deep red 


colour, having in the middle a large thrum of fmall leaves, ofaligK 

ter and much paler red colour, out of the middle whereof cometh 

many larger and broader Ieaves,of a lighter red than the outer leaves = 

and deeper than thofe of the thrum 

fpred themfelves 

which warmed by the Sun 

the roots are thick and tuberous, fome 

ig refembling fmall. razes of Ginger,^ 
and neither fo big nor black as thofe of the' other kindwith bro"^ 

pf a yellowifh brown 


Anniione ienit'ifoiia pohptm Vtrjicolon 

He douhk narrow-leaved -vanahU Anerhone is in all thin^^s lite 
the former, but onely the colour of the flowers , whichin this 
willfometimesbeof a pale bluOi- colour, the tops of the leaves a*!- 
moft white, and the bottom Peach-colour 

be red like the form 

and fometimes the flow 
but ftri^ed and varigaced with pale 

blufli, aJmoft white, and fometimes without anymarkin 

have often feenallthefe diverfities in this one-kind, alfproceedin^ 

from the increafe of one root 5 and this is that which is called the 

Afe-blo^m^ or Fackh^tOfts Anemone- ' . - 




Anemone tenuifolia elegantlor flore pkno ruhro. 

He more elegant double narrow- leaved Anemone mth a red flower 
hath narrower and more divided green leaves than thofe of the 
former, the ftalk longer, and the outer leaves of the flower more in 
number, and (harper pointed, of a good crimfon colour, the thrum 
m the middle thereof is of a pale red, and the tuft of fmall lon^^ leave's 
that cometh out of the mkidle of the thrum,is very lar£e,and fpread- 
eth almofl quite over ih^ flower, of a lighter crimfon than that of the 

and deeper than that of the thrum 

flowers will be joyned together on one ftalk 

many times 

which hapneth more 

frequentlv m this kind than in any other 5 the root is not'fo bi- and 
thick as that of the common red, but flatter and more fpreadinlthan 
-- all the reft that are to follow, do either refemble that or this and 


the chiefeft diflference being in the flowers 

thefe two general de 

fcriptions may ferve for all tofparc unneceflfary repetition 




Anemone tenuifoUa flore pleno coccineg. 

'^Hedodle narrow-leaved Scarlet Anemone, is like the laft bur 

A that the ftalks grow not fo high, and the flowers fome thing 

fmaller. which are thick and double , and of an excellent n-h Scar^ 



and therefore afually called locamaSne de SP. 




cha». xxin. 


11 i 



Atiembne tenuifQlui flore i^lem cocchieo o^arkQ^U, 

' I ^ He. douhh Scarlet v^rkx^tednArrorv^eaved Anemone is in all things 
,f^ like the kft, but onely in the cojour of theilower, which in 
inis is of the fame Scarfe colour with the former , finely flriped and 
marked with white, the thrum Teeming to be almoft all white, and 
fometimes fome broader leaves will come out of the middle thereof j 
of a bright Scarlet ftriped with white, like unto the outer leaves. 

Anemone tenuifolia flore i)k?io comafcarlata. 


I I 

He double narro.rv-lcaved Anemone with a Scarlet thrum dif^ 

fereth from the laft^ in that the outer leaves are white, and th6 

rum Scarlet; 

t ■ 

Anemone tenuifolia flore pteno dicla Nacara. 

He double rJarrcw-leaved Ariemooe called Nacara is like unto the 

Scarlet, onely the flower is of a deeper and yellower Scar JeC 
colour, refembling that of i\\qW^x French- Marigold^ but not fo 

deep, arid the thrum inclining to an Orenge-colour* 


Anemone flore phto Sulphureo; 

He double Brimjlon-coUared narrow-leaved Anemone diflfereth 
from thelaft, in that the outer leaves of the flower are of a pale 
greenifli yellow colour , like unto Brimfton , and the thrum more 


Anemone tenuifolia flore pie no Vuidante. 


THe narrow-kdved doubU green Anemone is like the laft^ but that 
the outer leaves are of a greenifli Orenge- tawny- colour , ^nd 
the middle thrum of a yellowifli green. 

Anemone tenuifolia flore pleno alho major, 


■ f ■ 

THe greater white narroro-teaved double Anemone little differeth 
either in the green leaves, or fafliioh of the flower, from the for- 

mer, being as large and double as any of them, and 



There is another that bearetha fmall double fncw- white 

flower, having fix outer leaves,and a thrum in the middle , made of 
fmall-hairy leaves , (landing even at the top, as if they had beerf 
cliptwithapairofScifers.- , - 


■• t 













Jiumone temnjoliaflore [>leno maxima alho. 

B( ^r eat efl double narrorv-Uaved white Jnemone^ called the white 

€j Burdedux^ is in fafhion like the firft , but much larger and 

fairer, and of a pure white colour. 


Anemone tenuifoliafloreplenoColomhina. 


lie narrow-kaved double hlufh Anemone^ CdW^d Celomhina^ hath a 
larger flower than any of the former^ the outer leaves being 
long and broad 5 the thrum corapofed of ihort narrow leaves, putting 
forth a great tuft of longer arid broader leaves, which fpread over the 
flowers, almofl to the points of the outer leaves; the whole flower is 
of a blufti , or fle{h-colour , like unto the colour which is ufually 
found in the flowers of the Colomhine^ from whence it is fo called. 


Anemone tenuifoUaflofe^kno %o(eo, , 




Ite double narrorv-teaijed Rdfe-celoured Anem^nt hath fmaller 
flowers than the lafl:, but very thick and double, of a more live- 
ly colour, like that of a new blown Damask Ro[e, 

Anemone tenu'i folia flore ^leno ^feo ^'arkgata. 

Be narrow-ledved double njariegated Rofe-eoloured Anemone Onely 

differeth from the laft , in that the flower of this is ftriped and 
varied with white, efpecially the outer leaves. 


A?temo?ie tenuifolia flore p!e?io ruhkante mac idato. 


Be narrow-leaved double (potted blu/h Anemone rifeth up with a 

tallftalk, bearing a large flower, the outer leaves whereof are 
almoft white, marked with fmall reddifti fpots and marks, efpecially 
on the outer fide ; the thrum is large and thick , compofed of many 
narrow long (harp-pointed leaves, of a reddifh or Peach-colour, pow- 
dered with fmall fpecks of a deeper red colour ; this is called by thofe 
that brought it out of F lander Sy the ferfe£i Curtizan, Th 

ther little differing from this, either in colours or manner of 

Cdlkdpaffe Albertine, > 


Anemone tenuifolia fore pie no pur pur eo. 

Be narrew- leaved double furple Anemone cometh up with green 
leaves commonly before Winter, and many times with flowers, 
and therefore for the prevention of fuch forwardnefs ^ we keep the 
roots out of ground and not fet them untill November^ which caufeth 
them to bear the fairer flowers at the Spring following, which are 
very large, thick and double, of a dark fullen violet purple colour. 


Anemone . 











♦ ' 

Chd. XXlll ~ , F L <liJ. 

Jnemone tefiuifoliafljyefeno La^enduU colore . 


■ • 

He mnorv-leaved douhle Laiiender-'colourcd Anemone is In all 
things like the laftjthe flower is lefTer, and of a pale heavy blew 
colour like unto the flowers of Lavender -, there is another of this 
fort that is'ftriped \^ith white, efpecially the outer leaves of tlie 

Anemone tenuifoUd florc ^Icno cdruh'o, 

He narrow-leaved double hlerv Anemone is in fafliion like the M,^ 
briely differing in the colour of the flower, which in this is of 
d'fine bright blew colour^ more pleafant to behold thati anyof 
the purples. . ; 

Anemone tmmfolia flore fieno cofHa pnrpureo. 


He narrow-leaved Anemone with the purple thrum ^ commonly 
called /'fr/f^ in kaiity^ differeth chiefly from the other purples 
in the colour of the flower, the outer leaves of this being white, and 
the thrum or plufli, asfdrae call it, purple. 

> r 

Jnemone temtfoUa florepktw coma J, 

•<' « 


1 * 

He narrow-leaved double Anemone mth the dark purple thram^ 
- called Amaranth hath as broad ^reen leaves as the firft common 
red and the flower is of the fame fa{hion,the outer leaves of fuch a red 
colour and the middle thrum of a dark-murrey purple colour , like 
the flowers of the lefTer Amaranthfa purpUrem.Sind therefore called the 
Amarant Anemone ; fometimes there vyiUcome a tuft of bright r^d 
leaves out of the middle ©f the purple thrum , and then fome have 
called fuch flowers Amaranthus tricolor, as if it were a diftmc^ knde, 
which in fome years happeneth in mofl flowerSi and in othersfew 

or none. 



Jnemone tenuif oik {lore j^leno com:i Jmarantbui ymegd 


Is ift all 

THe double narrow -leaved variegated Arhar ant Anemone \% 
thinssUkethelafl, onely the outer leaves, and thofe that 
nntof tl5 middle of the purple thrum, ard variegated with vvhite, 
much fairer in fome years than in others. There are two forts of this 

flowdr onefaidtobeof P4r/>, and the other oi F Under ^^ butth 

of pJis is the better, being more conftantly marked , and more di 
ftin<5tly than the other. . 


jjmmne tenuifolia floreplcno (itihique color if. -: 

_ 4 


He double narrcrv-lea'ved Anemone df five colours [s like the J ma 

but that the ftalk is taller,and the flower larger, th 

T 2 



- I 

2^2 / ; r L. u ^ J. ^Gokl 

leaves thereof are red, the thrum df a deeper miirrey-purpIejOUt of th( 
middle whereoFcometh one or two rows of leaves of ^ light crim 

(bri colour from the ends half way, the reft pale yellow ; in the mid- 
dle of thefe le^y^es tber? is'sfeall tuft of fliort^r le.ave^^ wbicb^^ tf 
i pak filver i;oloiir , fo tl^e |ye coloars are, red, .being thai of ihe 
pute^rle^yie?, purple that of thethrum^crimfon the tops of thele^ 
*4iat come out <?f it, yellow the other fart of rhem, and the f^jjpjl 
tuft in the middle filver colour 5 this is an uncertain flower, and iei- 
dom cometh well. . * 



■ _ 

■ L 

THis noble double Aflem^f hath fair large fiower^^ of a .ijl'k pjjr- 
. pliili colour, finely ftriped with white • the roots are i;ender,aad 
apt to perifli, unlefs the foil be very agreeable , as all t]]#<>tb^r nar- 
row-leaved ftriped Anemones are 5 tnere is another like unto this 


• Ammm t^nni folia di[}a Sel^gat. . , 



liis is a fair large and double flower, of gn excellent crimfQJJ Co- 
lour, and well ftYiped ancl marked with white. 

There are divers gthf r foftsof double narrow-leaved Jmmoncs , as 

drlatavera^CagetarJ^ ilBiavolo^ ilDiavoleJfo, and fevcral others that 

gr^ variegated, but ipoft of thofe variegated kinds arc A) joice md ten- 
der that few can keep them from perifliing. 

There are alfo divers forts of rare mlian AneinQnes ^ ^% llj^ j)%t 



ehesj which hath a large flower^ finely ftriped with pa(e ^^/^-cglgBr 
cpon whif e. 

MeUidere is Gold yellow within the leave?, ;^nd red without. 

4 > 

Maria ffa is Pink colour, and graydeline ftriped, 


'L$rvidna Is flefli-colour ftear J^aheUa, 



r ■ 

ft, Marke is Bi i^k-colour, or brown r^d, ftriped with fad white. 

Th Extr4njaga»t, Qa^f^na^ Ga^AH^^ ^nd at leaft fifty other fort^ 
flJrare flowers. 

Jmmone temifolm flor^fimpHci 



tiefinglenarrevp- leaved Anemmes ^ic of a greater variety, rarity 

andefteem, thanthcl4;//tf//4f5 ; formerly we had very few of 
thefe flowers, and thofe of little worth, but now of late years we are 
become owners gf many diverfities, of divers colour §,both 
l^d, ftriped or m^Ved with white, fo th^u bed fet fometfiing thick 







Cbab. XXIII. 



'^neiritalks are tall, and bear plenntully 


iy confifting of one row or pale of broacfleaves, with a hi Itl 

tbuttOn in c'he middle, which after 



rs, CO mm oh- 

ead Or 

c,.ows b^ 

^nd Jong yielding ftore of fmall Flat brown feeds 'Wraped In doWn , 
the green leaves are larger, grow ranker, and are mo^e in nudb^r 

much bi2 

rhan thofe of the double kinds 

no increafej and'befides ^he great \rarieties of reds fade 
'Whites/Peadh, and'Eofe-cdlours, both plain and mar^ked 
itKere are fome others raifed fi 

id apter 

. ^. , ^ hMhkt2 

the feeds of thefe rhat'bear gal 

tlant double flowers of feveral colours, as red, fcarlet and'pafple.-the?; 
.either <plaiaor'ftnped forts ^ 'have Teen more refcm"BlifW the flow 
<ersorthedoiible-7.if//iJ-to, than thofe with narrow leaves'' fdr rhef< 

.confift of niany fometbing broad 
of 'leaves, bm a fm2(ll head or button 



plufli or th 
fome "hat/ing btft 

ows_of leaves,'others three, and fome fo thick Jrtd double ""iha-t 

-the head .in tilie middle is not to'be f 


the Flowers 'fttW • and 

-yet chefe kinds (efpecially the thinner forts) perfe<5t cherr feeds, from 
livhich many fine Flowers 'may be produced., thefe are call-ed TT^r^^^- 
^^r^^^y/^^jfc that theypartake of both fcin^s, as having the root^ 
and leaves of -the nariow^ and the Bowers of the doable broad-leaved 

Anemones. * 

All thefe Anemones^ both double and lingle, bring for dh tiieir beau- 
ciful Flowers commcwi'ly in Ji/4rc^, April and May^ footrer or later- 
according to ihe State of the Spring, am! time of ftttin^r thea 
roots, ' ° . 

In the handling and ordering o! the rarer fort5 of thefe excellent 

Flowers, fome more thart common care is tobt taken ; for if the 
foil, fituation, time and manner of planting and taking up, be not 
£xa6tiy obferved, the Flowers will neither be fair, nor will the roots 
profper ar.<i increafe, but Oh the contrary rot and confumV, ^(^QchU 
ly all the beft double kinds with narrow leaves j the ordirtarv arid 
thofc with fingle Flowers are more hardy ' 


TKc firft thin» therefore to be confidered 

the foil 



they are to be planted, which muft be fat arid rich, the earth not tod 
Jight, a rich fandy lome earth is the beft, whereirt fome Neats and 
Sheepsdung with a little lime hath been tempered, arid layeri lori^^ ori 
a heap,often turned bver^fo that the dung be fully rotted, arid well 
jnixed with the earth, which being iirft fifted through a Wyer Sive • 
make a bed thereof half a yard deep at the leaft, \n fome place tha£ 

hot in the Sun, but fomethiri^ fhadowed 

about the 

end of Sef tether , place the roots of thod Antmsms with bfoad 
leaves theiein, fix or eight inches afunder, arid three fingers deep ift 
theground,fetting that fide upward where you perceive fmall ettlf- 

put forth leaves-, thofe with narrow leave's are tobe'haffi 

led in the fame manner, only diflfer 


he time of their fettingjftK- 

\\^{q muft be kept out of the ground m fome dry place until! the? eni 



^ 1 






tiii)Cieher and thepiirplcs a moneth longeiy and theri fef in .the 
fame manner as the others -, thofe with broad leaves will come up 
before Winter, and thofe with narrow leaves about the end of J" ^^r»- 
an or fooncr it the Winter be mild^ in March and Apil^ if the feafon 
be dry, they muil be watered, which will caufe them to thrive much 
the better, and to bear the fairer flowers. 

If you find they like ttieir entertainment, growftrong, bear fair 
flowers on tall ftalks, and profper well, you may forbear to take up 


he end of ^une or ^uly 


he contrary, if 


IS a 

the ereen leaves are few, the flowers fmall, and ftalks 
manifeftfign of their diflike, and that the foil is either too cold aad 
poor, or elfe too hot and rank, which is far more dan 
cafe they muft be taken up as foon as the 



at t 

the roots put into fand, and fo kept in fome dry place for a mona 

he leaft, and then taken out, and kept in papers in fome cool dry 
place, until the time of planting, for ftiould the roots iremam in the 
ground any time after they have loft^ their ^fibres^ the earth be- 
ing over-hot, they would " " -r.L_„. 

ay, efpecially if any ft ore 

oft of them rot and confu 

fall upon them 


the taking 

up of their roots, 
ly thofe with koad 

muft be had that they be not broken, efpecial 

which muft 

be divided 


they part ofthemfelvesj thofe of the 

kind with 

leaves may be broken or parted with Jefs prejudice, but ^ the vi^holer 
they are kept, the better they 

hrive •, and although the 

before mentioned be beft for the planting and fettingthe roots of 
both kinds of thefe rare flowers, yet the more ordinary kinds m*y be 
teptoutofthe ground until the end oi February^ which fome ufe 

do to caufe them to Jower late after other 



pradtifeitwillbenecefTary tofteeptheroots four and twenty hou 

before you fee them 

and to plant them with fome 

"Wiliow earth under and over them, and in a more ftiady place than 
ordinary, elfe the heatoftheSuninthe time of their flowring, will 
much diminifluheir beauty ; fo if you have two beds ftored with 
choice varieties of Antmonies^ that fet laft more ftiaded than the 
firft and the fore-mentioned rules obferved, you will befure to en- 
joy the delight of their delicate flowers part oiMarch^ all A^ril, and 
thegreateftpartofAT^^, unlefs your Garden ftand in fome fmoky 
place, where neither art nor induftry will caufe them to profper, 
unlefs fet in a hot bed in ^anuar^ as fome about Lendoa ufe to doe. 


Now for the raifing of new varieties of Anemones from feeds, 
choice muft be made of the Flowers, as in Tulip s-, fome of the double 
htifelias bring feeds, the richeft fcarlets, paleft purples, pink, white, 
andsky-colouisaretheieft; but in the fingle T e mtifelias thtte is 
more choice, as red, and fcarlets with deep white edges, all that are 

ated or ftriped with white, and in thefe thedeepcft velvet pur 

pies are the beft 

but above all others thofe that hav 


rowes oi leaves, and that excellent velvet fingle blew defcribed am} 

immended by Ferarim. are chiefly to be preferred 








Chdj^, XXllL 




The feeds ofthefe flowers will be ready to gather in Muf^ whicH 
hiuft be done as the down rifeth, elfe they will be blown away • and 
having gathered all your feeds, ftay not as fome dired to fow them 
until! Augufi, but let it be done by the middle of Jf///; at the fur- 
theft and be fure the earth in which you fow them be good, and 
fiaely fifted^ be it in beds or boxes, whieh your beft feeds will 


the feeds that hang in the down, you mufl: take earth 

that is very dry and fine, in quantity according to the feeds you 
tend to fow, put it in a Bowl, Trey, or Bafon, and mingle the feed 

therewith, then ftir and divid 
the white down appear ^ fow them 

your fingers untill none of 

. for fome will fail to 

up • laftly, cover them half a fingers thicknefs with fine rich 
th and fo let them remain untill about a moneth atter their fpring- 

then ftrow 


fingers thicknefs more of Hke 




Winter begins, at which time they muft be 

ed with peafe-ftraw,laid upon fticks, that it touch not the earth 

to prevent the frofts and cold nipping air; but from the time of fow- 
ing to the fecond covering with earth, you muft not negled often 
gently to water them. 

The next year after their fowing, in Augufty they may be taken 
tip, and fet again in rowes at convenient diftance, where they may. 
remain until you fee what flowers they will bear, and then difpofe 
them as they (hall deferve: fome report they have hi^ Anemone s 
bear flowers the next, others the fecond year from the fowing, but I 
can expea few or none that are good before the third, and many will 
not bear untill the fourth year ; but the agreeable goodnefs of the 

th and air for brin 


them forward is moft confiderable, there 

fore be fure to make it as rich and good as you can, but take heed of 



If the earth of your bed, wherein you would fet your beft Anemo- 
nes y be either too ftiff clay, or too light fand, it muft be compoun- 
ded . Clay with brook fand, and pearl fand, with good frefli fat earth 
taken next under the Turf of fome good pafture, well mixed -~- 
ther with fome lime, and old Neats dung rotted to earth 




pofition muft be finely fifted before ufed 5 with this earth fo pre 
pared make a bed half a yard deep, and therein fet youi- roots, whicl 
will profper and bear the better v if at any feafon offettmg them 
you put a little Willow earth under and over '^-^ -— 'J -J- 
them foon to put forth fibres, and thereby able to abide the Winter 
vet in froft and hard weather, it will be good to cover them tha" - 
come up with mats or peafe-ftraw, which take off for two or 1 
hoursivery other day, Uffair) to give the bed air, and prevent 
mouldincfs, which hath been the deftruftion of many a fine plant. 



• * ^ 







!BGok t 

' ,' 



t f 



//^ Crow- foot is of divers kinds, and many of them ndl 
fit for oar purpofe ^ we will therefore make choicd 

I of fuch onely as bear the faireft flowers 5 and firft be 
gin with fueh 

have grumous or kernelly 

of Ane\ 


which may be taken up and kept dry, as well as thofe 
and then conclude with Tome others of another 

fc ' 

^nuncuhps Creticus alhus. 

He double white HanttnculHs^ or Crow-feof of CAndy 

,-*- with leaves fomething broad,- and indented about the edg 
fome of them more cut and divided thart others - of a pale 


Jour full of white fp 


fmaller, and more divided 

the ftalk rifeth about a foot high, wiih 




top into two or three branches, each bearing a fair white flower ; the 
root is grumous or kernelly, having many grains bigger than thofe 
of Wheat faftened to one head, of a fad brown colour on the outer fide 
cf this kind there are three other forts that bear fingle flowers, one alj 
tvhite^ another with purple, and a third, with bright red edges. 


^Hunculu^ Creticm flore ar^enteo. 


hath 1 mailer leaves 



Tffe cloth bffilvir Crow- foot of Candy 
the laft , the ftalk bigger, and branched,, bearing at the ends 
thereof fingle flowers , lefTer than thofe of the former, containing 
fcven or eight round-pointed leaves, of a pale yellowifti blufli colour 
on the infides, a little ftriped , but more on the outfide with crimfonj 
the root is grumous like that of the former. 



^nuncuhi^ JJiaticus flore plenoluteo. 

THe double pUow Ramncultts of Afa Cometh up with many green 
leaves, cut and divided like thofe of a Garret, from whence 
life many fmall upright ftalks , each bearing at the top one fmall 
double flower, of a (binning yellow colour 5 the root compofed of 


many thick fat grains, faftened to a head of a white colour. 



is another of this kind ihat hath bigger green leaves, and larger double 

flowers , of a more pale yellow colour , and we have a third onely 
differing in that the flowers are fingle. 





Chap. XXri. 



, r 

■ P 


^tnunculiis Aftatlcmflore^hnQ ruhro, 



He donhle red Rdnuncidus of Jjia hath the lower leaves plain and 
not cat, a little indented at the edges, the reft of the leaves are 
parted into three or five divifions, and notched about the edges ; the 

ftalk rifeth almoft a foot high, bearing at the top thereof one fair and 

fome thing large double 

flower, containing many round-pointed 

leaves, fct in fix or more rows one within another, and of fair yel- 
lowifh red or Scarlet colour • in fome ftrong Plants, when the flower 
isalmoftpaft, another fmall double flower will rife put of the mid- 
dle thereof; the root is grumous like thofc of Cafjdy^ but leflcr, an * 
the grains Ioniser. • 

■ - ■ • - - • -' . 

There are now feveral other nobler forts of Kanunctdus oi ^Jt^^ 
with gallant double flowers, much excelling this old kind defcribed, 
the which we will infert under ihofe names they are received , diftin- 
guiflied and known by, placing them in order according to their affi- 
nity with each other, beginning with that fine variety of our old ac- 

^ quaintance, the former called 



Uox pttmalh 

like the firft old kind 


ly every leaf of the double flower is finely ftriped with pale vellow^ 
of which there are two forts, onefaid to beef Far if ^ the other and 
better of FUjtdersi 


'Pianifco chiefly differs from the laft , in that the flower is a little 
double, and of a bloody red colour. 

- h 

Sa»g de seuf diners from the laft,- in that the flower is more thick 

and double, and at firft feemeth to have fmall hues of yellow in 
every leaf thereof , but when fullblown, it is of the colour of 

Bulls blood. 

The Morifler^ or G^ant RanuncuUs , hath thicker, rougher, and 
' browner green leaves than any of the former,, the ftalks bigger and 
branched, each bearing a fair double Scarlet flower, but that on the 
' chiefeft ftalk, is as big , and more double , than the faireft Marigold, 
which in fliape it much refembleth , only the fmall leaves of this are 
fharp-polnted ^ there is one of this (on whofe flowers are lefler, and 
a little ftriped with yellow* 


rke m^t Menfier of Rome Is bigger in all the parts than either 6f 
the laft, the flowers are larger, the leaves broader, very thick and 
double, tbrming a moft gallant rich Scarlet-flower. 


if Rome hath the broad and thick pale 



the flowers lars^e, thick and double , with broad 

lie. different from 

round-pointed leaves, whichftandout in themid 
the iJ/f);?;?^/-/, and of a deep Scarlet-c^ ' "" 

of this kind ther 








3^ A , %oo 

ther mdie fafe, tvhich oiiely differeth, in that every leaf of the brave 
double flower is lifted about with yellow* 

Mar-velia hath fucli like green leaves aS the laft , the flowers differ^ 
in that thoCe of this are not fo double, the leaves long and narrower, 

varied and marbled with a deeper and lighter Scarlet. 



(^anmcultis J ftatkiisf lore jmj^licidher[orum color im.' 

RAnunculusof Jjta with Jingle flowers are of divers forts and co- 
lours, which chiefly differ from the firft double red in the flow- 
ers, which commonly are com pofed of five fomething broad leaves, 
with a thrummy head in the middle, much refembling a fingle^;?^- 
ntonie 5 In fome the flowers are red, fomc yellow, deeper or lighter • 
and others fpotted and ftripcd about the edges with red, with feveral 
other pretty varieties, both of plain and mixed colours 5 and we have 
one of the Gyaftts race which beareth on a branched flalk three or 

four ^ngle flowers , con/ifting of {even broad round-pointed leaves, 
t)f a greeriifl} pale yellow at firil> after milk-white, the leaves fpot- 
ted and tipt with reddifli purple , and another more rare, called the 
Jrchducal Ranunculus^ which hath the (ingle flower finely marked 
with three good colours. 

P ' ' . 


Thefefeveial forts of Ranunculus arc pretty flowers^ and rtiany 
of them worthy of efteera, efpecially the double kinds j_thcy bring 
forth their beautiful flowers in jipril znd. Maj, which continue a long 

<im€ before t hey fall . 

Therootsofthofeof Candy may be taken up, and kept out of 
ground in Sand for fome time, but require to be planted in Sep ember. 
The yellow of J fia is ha'rdy, and will profper well without Being ta- 
ken up 5 all the other are nice and tender,and require to be planted m 
rich fandy and ranker earth than that direded for Anemon e s '^the roots 
are every year tc3 be taken up zhQ\xiMtdf0mmer,\ve\\ dryed and kept in 
Papers or Boxes, as Anemones^ Cintill fuch time they are to be fet, for 
if they be left m the ground, or fet too foon, they will come up be- 
fore the great Frofts, which (unlefs carefully covered) willdeftroy 
them. X ufe to fet them towards the end of December , and in warm 
•Sinded.x\y^ro\xTi^% January is foon enough 5 the roots may be par- 
ted and fet feveraliy fix inches afunder , in rows, three fingers deep, 
where if tiie foil be agreeable^ they will come up in March^zxid aboup 
the beginning of May bring forth gallant flowers, and much increafe 
by roots-, and although ^4;?«;?f«/«/ require a ranker and more fandy 
earth than Anemones , yet it may be over rankj if you fufpetfl it to 
befo. when you fet your roots , takeoff fome of tlie earth, and in 
the place thereofjCover the bed about an inch thick ail over with good 
freih earth, taken next under the turf of fome good Pafture, nntbf 
fifted, and if two ftiff , mingle it with fine brook fand 5 place the 
roots thereon , then cover them with a little of the fame earth, and 
laftly finiih your covering with that earth you took off your bed , fo 

V that 



Chap, xxrA 



that the roots may be three inches -under ground* Tome Tef their 

Anemones and Rannncultt'S in the end of Sepemher^ and affoon as they* 
come up, flieker thera with fupporced Mats , which muft (for an hour 
every fair day) be taken off to air the bed, and prevent mouldinefsj 
for if they be riot carefully defended from hard Frofts and Snows, ic 
will foon kill them all, therefore to avoid fuch trouble and danger of' 
lofs, I preferr late fetting, as needing no atteniiance , or ever failing 
toanfwcrmy expe(5lation; 

. • 


In MArch and Apil^ wheri they are come up ; and begin to rife to 
flower, they muft be often well watered, for then they require ir.oi- 
fture, too much of which in the Winter dcftroys them j fome years 
fome of their roots will lye in the ground , and not fpring at all, 
which take up and dry \vith the reft , and they will bear flowers ne- 
ver thelefs the year following. 



J- r * 

Unto thefe nobler \iinSiS o{ Ran un c ul u s ^ or Crorv-foot, fome other 

of our old acquaintance may be joyned j they 

niuft corifefs, yet bear fair flowers, and were they as ftrange and nice 
as fome of the former^ they would be more efteemcd , thefe being 

familiar to be much affeded, and kept with fo 


few care for them, and therefore it will lufficeonery to name them 
and fo conclude this Chapter. 

(^nuncHlus Jn^Uctis. 


Ife Bnglifh Crow- foot rvithagnmous root^ commonly called Che 

lidonittm minus^ or the lefTer ?iU 

differeth not at all from 

that common weed which grows in evcrv hedge,' with fmgle ihinn 

yellow fl 

but onelv that the flowers of this 


hick arid 

double 5 this plant I found wild many years fince, andfetting it in 
my Garden, it much increafed, fo that I gave many roots thereof to 
divers about ZW^;? and other places, and am confident thatmoftof 
the plants that are m England, came from that one root which I 

found ,' for I could 'never hear of any other that found it wild in 
any place. 


* * .' 


TiJe htthle white Crow- foot hath large leaves cut into fine diviiion^ 
and notched about the edges, of 'a frefli green colour on the up 
per fide, and pale underneath, full of ribs and veins -, the ftalk abou 
half a yard high, divided into feveral branches , bearing many fmall 

but very double fine white fl 

the root is compofed of many 

thick, long whitifli ftrings, fattened to a fomething big head 


CalthaTaluJlns jlore pleno, 

m double Marjh' Marigold is no, other than that ive common!/ 

call the W^ter-BootSo plentiful in wet grounds,oncly the flo 









' • 






^ook I 

of tills are thick and double j of an excellent Gold yellow colour -, 
the roots are ftringy, and profper well in Gardens 5 there are three 
other forts of double yellow Crow-foot^ common in our Country, 
as that with the round root, called the Batchclors hmto» • the com- 
mon running Crffiv-foot with double flowers, and the fmall double 
flowered Grafs Crorv-foot^ 

- Jr" 

rhe tiU-mrt flowereth in Marsh , and will grow any where, and 
increafe too faft 5 the double ir^/V^ Crow -fool ^ ^^6, Marfh- Marigold^ 

flower in Afril^ and fet in good ground will continue many years uti- 
removed, and yield incr cafe from the roots, which are to be plan- 
ted in Autumn in a moift place ^ and fomething out of the fcor- 
ching Sun. 






Ifc-hane Is of divers kinds, yet there is but one fit for 

purpofe, which with the i?^i/A- Canja^ 

11 cr^ 


me leave to place in one Chapter, and firft of 


Aconltnm Hymak. 

He Winter Wolf -bane rifeth out of ground commonly in Jartmrj^ 
. with round cut green leaves, ftanding on fl]6rt foot-ftalks , and 
with them. the flowers which are fmall and yellow, made of five 
leaves, like a (ingle Crow-foot^ with yellow threds in the middle 5 the 
root is thick and tuberous, like unto that of the common red nar- 
row-leaved Anemone^ but rounder, and lofcth its fibres every yearas 

the Anemones do. ' 


Aconltnm Hyemale Jlore pallido, 


ffe^ale Winter Wolf -bane is in all things hke the former , onely 
the flowers of this arc of a pale yellow coIour,and in fome plants 
almoft white. 

Thefe two forts of Aconite do bring forth their flowers with the 
green leaves commonly in j4»;/^r)', for which they are onely efteem- 
ed^ the roots may be fet in any of theSonamer months, and in any 
place, for they are hardy and will thrive more than better things. 






Chap. XXFl. 



^dix Qa Va 

w . 


oUorv-root is a Plant as low in growth as reputation, the common 
and ordinary are caft out of every good Garden, and thefe fol- 

lowing chiefly retained. 


^d'tx Ca va majo) ■ pore albo. 

Hewhite itoliorv-reot Cometh out of the ground about the end of 

March, with green leaves like thofe ot th 






ife up two or three fljort ftalks , naked from the 

bottom to the middle, where the flowers come forth one above 


y flower having a fliort green leaf at the foot thereof, whicli 

, witli a heel behind, like unto the flowers of the 

and hollow 


open, being wholly of a pure vvTi 

ot a yellowifh brown colour on the out fide 

and hollow underneath* 

with bissei bellies ^ anid the mouthes not fo 

the root i^ big and round; 
, but more ydlow within. 

^^ilx Cava ma 


jor flor 

e carnco. 


He hhfh-colbured HoUitv-root is in all things hke the former , but 
that the flowers of this are of a light red, or deep blufli- colour, 
and fomctimes the flowers of fome plants of this kind wiU be' of a 
deep reddifli purple colour, - 


Thefe kinds of Holtoxv-reot come up in the end of M^-ch . .flower 
April i and are under-ground again in May-, the roots lofe the 

and may be kep 

the ground two or three 

but beftin th 

they are apt to increafe , and will like in any foil , 

which is inclining to fand, fo as they ftand not too hot in the S 


' f * ' -"^ 








Hepatic a ISLohilis, 


ohle i!;ti/<r^-»wns of two forts, the one bearing fi 
and the other double flowers ; the firft are now 
eftecmed , and few of them entertained by t 


ous but the double kinds mo 

of them -accounted very rare 







Hepntka Kobilis flore incnopurpureo. 

L ' 


He double fwpk Hefanck coraeth up before the leaves/ with m2 

1 nv fmal!, and fomething long naked ftalks , each of them bear 







^-^- ^Dokl 


r — _ 

the top thereof one fmall double flower, of a violet purpi 

lour^ at which time the leaves fpring up foulded at the firft , but af- 
ter opening themfelves, are divided at the edges in three parts, ftand- 
ing on feveril long foot-ftalks, as high as the flowers , which leaves 
will continue untill new come again -/o that commonly the flowers rife 
up among tlie old leaves 5 the root is compofed of raariy long black 
firings , faftened to a head , from whence the leaves and flowers 


a * 

Hepatica rkhilis florepkno caruleo. 


lie double blew tievatica is in all thinss like the former^ but the 


of the flowers, which in this are of light watchet blew 




Hej^atka tiohilis flore fkno alho. 


\Vlie double white Hematic a hath fmaJJer and freflier greeii kave5 
A than either of the former, the flowers fnow- white, and as 
thick and double , more rare to be found , and therefore much 


- Hepatica nohills [lore pleno ruhro, 

■ F 

Tp/r^ ^o«^/fff^ir^/4//V4 is inall things like the laft , butonelythe 
A colour of the flowers, which are as thick and double as any of 
the former , and of a fine pleafant pale red , inclining to Peach- 

Thefe are the moft valuable diverflties that hitherto have c 

knowledge; there are others^ that bear finde flowers of 

fame colours of the double ones, but httle efteeraed by any good 

Ilori^s s yet by fome are preferved , chiefly for that they bear {^ti. 
from whence varieties aic expected, but I have not heard or feen any 
that have been fo raifed that are confiderable. It is reported that the 
douhle vffhite^ and the double red have been raifed from the feeds of the 
iingle kinds ; I confefs I have not feen either of them and there- 
fore can give no further aflurance than the credit of a good rloritt 
the reporter. © j 



^ The double fands flower about the middle of March , and the 
fingle ones a fortnight fooner 5 they muft be planted like the^m- 
^«/4 , in rich weU-dunged ground , where they will thrive and bear 
plentifully, and may be increafed by parting the roots after they are^ 
grown into fever al heads 



Wis ofdivers forts, but few of them of any efteem, the 

chiefeft of them are, the knobbed Crancs-hlL that hath 





thaf. XXFlt 


likearmall C^eUmm^ bearing many fingle pale parple flowers •, the 
blew Cranes 'hi tt mdi\i^ white differ oiily in the colour of the flow- 

the yUw and white ftriPed Crme!S'billi% like the 

laft, only 

the flowers are variably fpottedjftriped, and parted with wh 

blew 5 thefurfie Crow-foot Cranes-bill hath a great head of flWers, 
which open by degrees, arid die at night -, the variable CranesUll is 
common, it hath fmall flowers varied with fmall reddifh veins npori 
Wilt', the [weet Cranes-bill hath flowers of a dark blackilh purple 
colour 5 the red iofe Cran-es-billhath Rowers HHqz red Rofe Campi- 
on 5 thefe fimple flowers are all exadtly defcribed, by Mr. Parkinfon^ 
they Royjcr'mJpril, May znd J me, and'increafe tod faft : but we 
Jiave novv an other more rare called 

Geranium HoBe olens. 


Orthatitrmelicthfweetoniyitl the rii^ht, it hatH a great rddt 
like a /'-€tf;;j', with large jagged leaves, the flowers cpme forth iri 
^uly, with fmall and round pointed leaves of a purple colour li/led 

about with yellow, fo as the purple feemeth but as a fpot in the 
middle ofeveryleafithefe flowers ftand on fmooth ftalks ei^ht of 

head^ which in the niehtareas fweer 



dayj the plant is tender, and therefore fet in a pot, and governed iii 
Winter as the Cardinals floi^er', orhoufed and kcpD'dry in Winter • 
for any moifture rots the root. 

i4r , 





' * • 

EUebor is of two forts Or kinds, that is, black arid 
white-, and there are fomeleffer forts, called lieae-^ 
borine^ that for the beauty of their flowers deferve 

with the black Hdlebori 


we will begin 

vulgarly called the chriflmas Roje^ but more properly 

Hdkborus ntvcr Verns. 

He true black HcHebor^ from a root compofed of divers long browii 
firings, running deep into the ground, and faftened tq a big head^ 
fpringeth up many green leaves, {landing on big fltff foot-flalks, divi- 
ded into eight or niae parts, and nicked about the edges ^ ths flow- 

ers come forth in Winter, upon fuchftiort fat foot-ftalks, in form 
like unto fingle white Rofes, at firft white, but by long {landing 
turn to be of a blufti-colour, with a pale yellow thrum, and a greeri 
head in the middle •, chiefly refpeded for the early flowring, which 

is commonly about Chrifimas^ and therefore by many called the 







Winter or chfiflt^as Roj'e •, there are fome other forts of black 
Hellehor^ but none of any beauty or efleem, but this only. , 

Helkhorm dims. 


He white tielUhor cometh up with i great round head, of a whi- 
tilh green colour, opening it felf into many beautiful large green 
res eminently plaited throughout, and compafsing each other 
atthebottome: out of them theftalkrifeth ayard high, or more, 
with fmallleaves to the middle thereof, from whence it is divided 
into many branches^ bearing a multitude of fmall ftar-like flowers 
ofayelldwiOi green colour : the root is thick and big at the head, 

with divers great white ftrings,which run down deep into the ground, 

there ftrongly fiftened, and abiding many years unremovcd, 

■ HdkUrmcdhusflonatroYuUnte. 



Tmrvhite Hellekrwhh adarkred fiewerd'i^c^nh^^Qm the laf!, ift 
that it cometh up a moneth before it, with larger leaves, fmaller 
and fi'ner plaited ; the flowers are leiTer than thofeof the former^ 
and of a dark red, or fad liver-colour. T his is a ftately plant, and wi' 
deferve its place in tbebeft Florifis garden. There are fome lefTer 
forts of Hellebor which we call HeUeborine, whereof two or three are 
worth our acquaintance, and therefore fit to be infer ted, 




Hdkhor'tne major five Calceolm Mar'tit, 

Ur Ladies flipper cometh up with divers ftalks about half a yard 

high, compafled at the bottom with broad green leaves, like 

thofe of white H^//^W, but fmaller, and not plaited ; at the tops of 
the ftalks come forth one, two, and fometimes three flowers, one 

above another,npon fmall (liortfoot-ftalks, with a fmall leaf at the 
foot of each: tfie flowers in form are Oval, the upper part hollow, 
andthelowerroundandfwellingj at the hollow part are two fmall 
ilippets, wherewith at the firft the hollownefs is covered, but after 
open and ftand apart from each other- thefe flowers are in fome of 
a pale yellow, and in others more rare of a brown colour, tending to 


Jjurplej the roots are compofcd of manv dark brown ftrings, inter- 
aced one within the other, lying under the upper cruft of the earth, 
and not deeper, as thofe ot the former kinds, 


. . Heilehorine minor f lore albo. 


T He [mall white Hellekr rifeth up hke the laft,but not fo high, 
neither are the leaves fo large, and of a whiter green colour : the 
ftalkbeareth in a fpikc many fmall white flowers, confiftingof five 
leaves and a fmall clofe hood in the middle : the roots are marry 
fmall ftrings, running in the upper part of the earch. 


]tle IlebmnA 

n k 

thap. XXni. F L IS A 

% f 


Helkhorine minor flore pur^ 

HepmUpirplijh Hellehor is like tlie laft defcribed but that 

leaves are narrower, the flowers fmaller, and of pui plifh blufh 

The true hitch Hellehor flowreth about chrijlmas^ the two white 
HeUehorsm June^ the Laiiies Slipper, and the tvhae Helkhorine m 
the end of April dr beginning o^Maf^ and that with the parplilli flow- 
er about the beginning of 5^«;!?^, 

Tlie roots of the black and white Hellehor are liardy, and abide 

g unremoved, therefore fit, to be at firft fet in good ground and 
where they may ftand : the Heliehorines are found wild in fome parts 
of r^r^and Zmcajhire^ and therefore do not require too rich a foil. 

I received ail the varieties before mentioned from that honefl Geii- 

tlemari, my never to be forgotten friend, Mr. Jloger Brod/han^^ who 
found them in the fhady woods near his houfe In Lancafhire 5 there is 
another fmall Plant which may properly be mentioned in this place- 
of which a word or two before we conclude this Chapter. 


LlUum Cony allium flore alho. 

TJJervhitcConvdlLilj^ Maj Lily^ or tfie Zi/y ofthe ^'4//^}, for 
by all thefe names it IS called, hath a fmall teigyroot, which' 
riinrieth id the ground, and cometh up in divers places, with three or 
four long and broad leaves, fomthing refemblirig thofe of the lelTer 
HeUehorine^ from whence rifeth up a fmall naked ftalk, bearing at the 
top one above another, hanging all on one lide, many little white 
flowers, like little Bottles with open mouthsj which are of a comfor- 
table fweetfcent,- ' . 

LiUtim CohValliumflorc ruhentL 

He Conval Lihmth a reddijl: flower differs only froni the for- 
mer, in that the flowers are of a fine pale red colour, and there - 

fbre more efteem'ed than the other which is found growing ^^ild in 

divers places in the North,- 


4 / 

They both flower in May^ and will increafe too fa/l. but bear beft 
ift the fliade, and in a mean toil ♦, I never read or heara of any other 
plant called the Lilf of the valty^ and if rhisbe that mentioned in the 
Canticles J lam the koje of Sharon and the Lily of the 'valley, per- 

haps it was by the Roie to typify lovely Majefty,and by this fmall low 
flower, virtuous Humility, it having an efpecial property to help 
weak memories, raife Apople^^tick perfons, cheer the hcarc, and eafe' 
the pains of the Gout. 

*■ » 







Baok i 


CHAp. xxviii 


.rf 1 


Entian is of feveial forts, fome greater, aHd Tome fraal 
ler, wc will make choice of one of each, and leave the 
reft j as fitter for a general hiftory^* than this colledion 
of flowers, and firft of that rare medicinable plant 

Gentiana major flore flayo. 

He great GentUn with ayellorvflomry fr 

great thick yellow 
bitt er root, rifeth up, with a long round and pointed head of 
leaves, clofing each other, which opening lie upon the ground, and 
are long, broad and plaited, like unto thofe of the white Hellehr; 
but forter and more pliable, from among which the ftalk cometh up, 
which is ftiff, round, full of joynts, and above a yard high, with two' 
fmall leaves, at every joynt compafsing the ftalk, \vhich from the 
middle to the top thereof is adorned with many rundles, or Coro- 

' flowers ft andiog at every joynt with two green leaves under 


Wm, which are laid open Uke Stars, of a yellow colour j with 


reds ill the middle, which are fucceeded by round heads containing 

feeds like unto thofe of the Fritillaria, 


Cefitiandla yerna. 

ftk Spring yov GentianelU^zs, it is commonly called, hath 

divers fmall hard 

green leaves growing 

in tufts clofe 


ground,ribbed and veined like to other Gentians^ from among which 
rifeth up a fmall fliort ftalk, bearing at the top one fair, large, hollow, 
bell-fafliioned flower, with open brims, ending in five cormers, of an 

deep blew colour. With fome white fpots in the bottome 

the infide 

fmall pale yellow long ftrings which 

in the ground, and put forth leaves in divers places, whereby 

feth fo faft, that it is now grown common in every ordinary Garden, 

A ■■■ ■ \ 

ThegrcAt Geniim flowereth from fune to ^uly^md the GeniianeUa. 
frorn J^ril to May-, the firft increafeth flowly by the root, and it is 
hardly raifed from fee4s, in refpedt thofe plants that grow in England 
feldome bring any to perfe^ion, and if any plants be gotten up from 
feeds, it will be many years before they come to bear flowers : the 
root muft be planted in Sepemher^ in rich ground, under a South 
wall, and carefully defended from frc^s in the Winter j the other will 
profper in almoft any foil, fo it be in an open air 



tW. XXIX. 

® i 





• *- 



hv- , 

of fev 

U-fioivcrs arc ot ieveral forts, ^s well double as fin 

* * 




fomeof them worthy acceptance, wherewith this Chaptelwill 

acquaint you 


Cdm^amih TercifoL 



Each'leaveJ Seii-pmrshive many fmalll 


^each-tree Ay 

the srouhd 

Iikt thofe of 


rom whence many ftalks rife 

Up two foot high, bearing frdm the middle to the head divers flowers 

Which are fliort, round at the head, and wider at the brims, parted 
into five points, in one pure white, and in another pale blew : th6 
roots are many fmall firings creeping under the upper cruft of the 
earth, and increafe very much: thefe arc common in every Garden 

but.I have often heard of others of both thefe kinds, which are re- 
ported to bear double flowers. , ' " 


Cam^anuli fyramidalis. 

> * 

Teeple Bell-flower rifcth with many tall flalks higher than thofe of 
, the former, garniOied with bigger, and fraoother dark green leav^ 
ijrembhng thofe of ^tf^// bearing a multitude of flowers in a Pnami 

^/^4/form, which are ofthefafhion of the former but lefTer, in fome 
blew, in others white-, the plant isfuUof milky juice,' cheroots lar^e. 
ftrmgy, and yielding milk Hke the branches; . "" 




■ ■ 


^He great Canterhurj Bells\\2.wthroc):o\x^\i{\ikQ thofe of sf 
^ Nettle, but bigger., the flalks are fquare, divided into branches, 
whereon fland divers long hollow flowers like Bells, wide at the brims^ 
and parted into five points, in fome white, and in others of a deeper* 
or paler violet purple : the roots are hard and flringy, increaflng and 
abiding many years, although tfie leaves and flalks die to the ground 

c ver y W in t er^ 


Trachellurti 7naju4flr,re dubltct. 


'Y\Ouble CAnterhur'j BeSs differ In nothing from the lafl, but in 
■*-^the flowers aie double, confifling of two or three rows of leaves 
which as in the former, ai'C in fome ot thefe white, and in others blew 
or purple. 










Sook I 




Trachelium Gkanteum, 

Grams Threat-mri kith long leaves of an over- worn green colour, 
rough' and hollow in the middle, a little indented about the 
edges-, the ftalk rifeth two cubits high , fet with leaves, from among 
which the flowers come forth , which are Bell-faftiioned , divided at 
the brims into five points, which turn back, and are of whitifli purple 
colour 5 the root is like thofe of the former, arid as long lafting 



*.^^ \ » 

Trachelium JinerkanumJiysplantaCardinalis. - 

THe Cardinals- flower hath riiany leaires like thofe of Canterbury 
bells ^ butlelfer, and of a yellowifli green colour , from among 
which rife tall hoUow-ftalks, befet with leaves fmaller by degrees to 

the top, from the bofoms whereof the flowers come forth, confifting 

of five long narrow leaves , three of them ftaridirig clofe together 

and hanging downright, 

bone betwixt them, of fomewhat a paler coloiir thanth 

the other two are turned up, with ari urn 

hicli are of an excellent rich crimfon 

he root iscompgfed 

of very many white ft 
many years "^' 

rings , and if it be well looked unto abideth 
another of this kind ( which lately came frod 

VirghU) with blew flowers. . 

They flower from the end of Majy commonly untill Aaguftj thofe 
with Peach- leaves firft, and the Crfr^/»4/j-/?<?»'f/' laft. 

AU thefe Bell-flowers are eafily increafed, by parting the roots in 
Siptemher, and thrive well in almoft any foil , fo they ftand not toq 
hot in th^ Sun 5 Cardinah-flower is more tender , and mufl: be plan- 
ted in good light earth,in a pot, that it muy be houfed in Winter, for 
it will not endure Froft, T he moft worthy of thefe are the two forts 
G^ Campanula with double flowers (if there be any fuch)the two double 
forts of Canterlury Bells ^ and the Cardinah-flower 5 the reft are of 

fmall efteem, yet many for want of better things afford them room 
in their Gardens. 


r , 

^ The Cardinals- fiovper muft be fet in a pot, in good rich light earth 5 
and when Winter begins to grow fliarp, fer the pot in the ground, 
under a South-wall three inches deeper than the top, and cloath 
about.andonthepot withdryMofs, covered wit fi 
warm days and gentle fliowers take off to refrefl 






courfeis more fit for this Plant than houfing, and with fome others 
to this rule referred , which muft ^e obferved untill April^ and then 
you may take out the pots and fafely expofe them. 






'■ i 



\ i ^, 



Jncca Ind'iccL <i^ feriploca Vtrginiana 

He Indian f 




> ' 


Plarit of 

fome reputation with Florifls , and PcriploCA of 

Virginia^ which Mr: Par kin f on calls Firginian 

Silky is kept in fome good Gardens^'both which, 
though of different kinds, faces and qual 


comprehend in this Chaj 

alfo foi 

Ifiilidn Plants that are contented to live with 

us, and fiift of that called, but not truely 

■ - M 


He Indian Jucca hath a great thick tuberous root with large fi- 
bres, from whence fpringeth up a great round tuft of hard long 
hollow green leaves, with points aslliarp as thorns, which always' 
remain and fall not away, except it be fome ofthofe that ftand out- 
ward which are recompenfed by others that fpring from the middle, 
frpm whence fometimes in an old and well kept plant, fpringeth up 
^ ftrong round ftalk, divided into feyeral branches, which bear divers 
^owers^ fomething refeipbling thofe of the common FretilUria^ buc 
narrower at the bottom, containing fix leaves ^ the thr ee outer vein- 
ed on the backs from the bottom to the middle vviih a reddiihblufK 
upon white-, thefe flowers come forth 'v^Juljy an4 foon fall away 
without bringing any. feeds In our Country. This Plant muft be fee 
in a large fqnare Box ^ wide and deep ^ filled with good rich earth , 
where beinq houfed in Winter and defended from Frofts, it mayre- 
jpain manyyears; it never' increafeth with us, yet there are now ma- 
ny Plants thereof in £;?^/4;?^/, 
plantations in the We fl- Indies. 

which have been brought from our 

<PertflocdVirgmiana. • ' 


h-o-inim Silk is a Plant more refpe(5ted for being a flranger^ than 

for the beauty of the flowers-, itrifeth up with one or more 

xuu.dftalksalmoft four foot high, fet at femal joyrlts ;vith two 

lon« broad-veined round-pointed green lcaves,at the top ot the (talk 

of a skinny-hofe, cometh forth a great tuft of flow 


iiuiii^-x-. thirty orfourtv, hanging down on lo<ig-foor-ftalks, each 
fiower'^confii^ing of five, fmall hollow-leaves ,• of a pale purplifh co- 
lour n^^ither fair nor pleafant-, after they are paft ,- come long croked 
odds ftanding uprght, containing flat brown feeds, wrapped with- 
in a ereat deal of fine foft whitilh brown filk ^ the root is big, lon^ 
and white, running far nnder ground, a^d fpring dp in many place- 







* I 




floVv'eretli in J«/y, ahd fometimes , but not eVer^rVear, briilgeth 

feeds and filk in Jugufl 

roweth abundantly 


m 4 


hath been railed often by feeds that have come from thence j and ; 
though the ftalks dy to the ground every Winterj the root is of long 
continuance, and will fend forth new at the Spring , efpecially if the 
place where it ftandeth be covered with horfe-dung in Winter ^ 

defend it from the Frofls 

Carina Indie a. 



iie Indian fiowiring teed rifeth lip with fair large green leave: 
coming froii;i the joynts of the ftalk, at firft folded; after fprea(3 
open 5 the ft alk is above a yard high, bearing at the top one above 
another divers flowers , like in faftiion to the Qldiolm or Corn-fiagi 
of a bright crimfon colonr • after the flowers the feeds are contained 
in three-fquare heads, which are round and black, of the bfsnefs of a 
Peafe 5 it hath a great white tuberous root full of knobs, whereby it 
^^t\y increafeth. There is of this kind another differing, onely ill 
the colour of the flowers, which in this are yellow with reddifli fpots, 

Thefe Plants mufl be fet m large Boxes,in good carth,often watered^' 
and hoofed in Winter, for one nights Froft will deftroy them; 

" ■ ■ " ' ! " ' 

Ficmlndica minor, 




Tjy^ Mian Fig tvith tf s corififtetfi of leaved Ortely , one fpringing 

< -* out of another, proceeding from one leaf put half into the earthy 
which taketh root and puts out others •, thefe leaves are a finger 


flat and round-pointed 


pale g 

ihew at the firft of brown prickles on the uppcr-lidc-, at the t*ps o£ 

the leaves , in 

ed in the middle 

of pale ydloivf 

break out the flowers, which are compofcd of 

with a yellow thrum tipt with 

after the flowers are pafl:, the head theyftood 
on grows bigger, inform of a Fig, but never comes to anyper- 
fe^ion with us. There is another of this kinde that hath bigger 
and mnch larger leaves, but will not endure oUr cold Winters, for 
the leflfer kind is planted in Pots or Tubs, and houfed ia Winteri or 
elfc the Frofts will rot and deilroy i 



> " 

*' --■ * 









Auricula Urjt. 

w ' 

Bhrs \ Ear's are nobler kinds of Cowjth 




much efteemed, in refpcifi of the many > 
?nt varieties thereof of late yeais difcover- 
diiferirtg in the fize, fafhion, and colour of 

the green leaves^ as well as flowers> the which 
we will lift under thefe colours , namely purple, 
red or fcarlet , yellow or Buff-colour, fnow or 
milk-white, and acquaint you with fo many fine divetfities in each of 
them, a^ may be fufficient to ftock a Florifis Garden, who from their 
feeds, handled according to the fdllowipg directions , may raife ma 
hy new varieties. 

Auricula Rore pur i 

■ 5 

He purple AuricitU is of divers forts , fom.e deeper and fome 

li^^hter, we will begin with that beft known, commonly called 

iheUirT^QxvnhAm , from whofe feeds many good flowers have beeci 

raitedt this hath many g 

fomewhat long and mealy 

fromthebottomtothe middle, and broader by degrees almoft 

to the ends, which are fomethirig round and ftriped about the edges; 
out of the middle of the leaves, and frOm the fides of them, the 
ftalks fpring up five or fix inches high, bearing at the to^ many flow- 

of a fine bright murrey or reddifh purple 

each flower 

fifting of five fmall leaves, parted at the ends, with a white circle or 
eye in the middle, ftanding in fmail cups^, wherein (after the flowers 
are fallen) appear fmall round heads with a prick in the middle, con- 
taining fmall brown feeds •, the root hath many long white Mn^s^ 
like unto thofe of the Frimrofe or Cow flip. This defcription may ferve 
for all the reft, with fuch additions as may diftingai(h the difference; 
need exceptions. This was one'of jchc fii-ft good flowers of this 

r, my very 

an induftri- 

kind that we had, and takes the name from the firft 
good friend Mr. ^ehn Dewnham^ a reverent Divine , and 

Florilly from whom many years fince 1 had this and divers othet* 
fine flowers. ^ 

y[x,Goeis furpU Auricula Is a ftrong Plant,with large leaves, % 
bi^tail ftalk, beaiing a great Trufs of many fair, fine, rich purple 


th fnow-white eyes , that will not walli yellow with 

as fome do, but abide white to the laft •, this noble kind was raifed 
byMr. y^«/?^»in6>A:/<?r^,andgiveatoMr. J-ohnGosdoi BalioUCoU 




hofe now it is there called 





%,J^ : !Bookl 

Miftris Buggsher fneptrfte was raifed by h^r iti Batter fey ne^r 
London^ it is like the former in all the parts, but that the great 
head of flowers ftands more eretSt, of a deeper purple and broader 
White eyes* - 

Mr. whitmores pnfie is alfo a very good flower, fair and large, ma^ 
tiy on one ftalk, of a lighter purple than any of the former, with fair 
white eyes 5 this was raifed by my worthy friend Willi am Whimore 
of Balmes near Hodgfden Efquire , who was pleafed the laft Spring 
to 2ive me a Plant thereof. 


Pur fie Franfway is another good flower, it bearer h a great trufs 6f 
rich {hining purple flowers, with very large white eyes. 


The hUck Imperial may be reckoned with the purples, it hath fmall 
leaves and a fliort ftalk^ but beareth many fair flowers clofe fet toge- 
ther, offo dark a purple colour, that without much error it may be 
called black, with fair faow-white eyes 5 this was raifed in Oxferd, 

Rickets fable AuricuUls like the laft, onely a little bigger in all the 
parts, but of as black a colour, with fair white eyes ^ this was lately 
raifed by Mr. Rickets of Hogfden often remembred, the beft and mod 
faithful Fkrifl now about London^ 



The purple firiped AuricuU is fmall in all the parts, fiath a weak 
low ftalk, bearing four or five purple flowers, ftriped with white. 

-I ■ 

Thepurpled and Lemon-coloured flriped AnricuU is a much bigger 
and ftronger plant than the laft, the ftalk is ftiff, but not tall, bearing 
often eight or ten flowers, which are Lemon-colowr, ftriped with red- 
difli purple 5 this was alfo raifed by Miftris Btiggs before mentioned, 
and is a flower of 2ood efteem. 


There are divers other good purples which have been raifed from 
feeds by my felf and others , and every year producctli new varie- 
ties, not to be confined within any limits^ 

Auricula flore ruhrojive cocclneo. 

T He Redox fcartet-cdour Auricttla is of divers forts, 
beft I know, is called Miftris Auftins [carlet^ it hath 
ftrong upright ftalk bearing a great trufs of fine fcarlet flow 

of the 

large leaves^ 

with fnow-white eyesj divers other excellent flowers have been raifed 
in Oxfordby Mr. ^acob Bohrt keeper of the publike Garden. 



There are divers forts of reds, inclining to fcarlec, fome redder 
and fome yellower than others , fome with large flowers, and many 
ononeftalk,withwhite, or pale yellow eyes, upon many of which, 
feveral fantaftical names ( by thofe that raifed them ) have been im- • 

, pofed 


CW. 'kXXL 



pofed as the Fait Vlr^n, the Matron, the Aldermml Mercnru aiid 

^nQOihcr F Janets^ the Coiv^ the Red Bu//^ Sec, 



There are fome raifed from feeds that are crimfon , others carnati- 
on, andoneby my.felf that beareth a great trufs of large blood-red 
flowers, with fair white eyes ^ 


^ Befidesthefe there are raifed from feeds infinite otW varieties of 
Koje-colours.Bhjhes, Ctmmon and other fine colours . thofe whofe 
flowers are of new and ftrange colours with white eyes that will not 
waili; are chiefly to be marked out and preferved. 


ore lutco. 


HeyeUow AuricuUiso'i £im\\^9t^Qm^ thofe chat bear the lar^eft 
flowers, the biggeft trufs, of the deepeft yellow colour, \ni 
hite eyes, are moft re-arded 5 but the more ordinary forts are corn- 
only caft away, as I Tiave done above fourty in one year that came 
otfeeds^ hut of this generation there are fome, whofe flowers are 
ot a Buff colour, fome yellower, and fome dunner than others- thefe 
have been in good eftcem, and every F/^ri/? had his Zf4f/;,r-C^4^ ma- 
nv ot which yet remain and retain the names of thofe that raifed 

them, zsTradefcAns Leather -C oat ^ Lances^ Tugeies^ Turners Col- 
Itns Lookers, Humphries, Meracom, Mom, Mutars, Randolls and 

Rickets Beaz^ar, all feveral good kinds of Z^^f/;fr-C<74^f andl'have 
raifed a Z^4/^^r.04faiy felt from feeds , that is not inferior to the 
beftot thofe mentioned; and there is one that on a fliort ftalk bear- 
eth four or five double flowers, with three rows of leaves in eacfr 
flower -.' ' 

Jurktiloflore a I ho. 



The white Auricula is of fmall variety and efteem , the befl is th^ 
called the Virgins milk-i, this hath large mealy leaves , a ti 
ftrong ftaik, with a great trufs of milk-white flowers, withfnow 
white eyes, which placed among the purples, fets ofl^ and adds t( 
their glory; there are fome that are perfedly white, and mmy milk 
nfhites, but few of them of any better efteem than the yellows. 


We will now (as others have done) conclude this Chapter of ^«. 
ritula, with two other Plants that bear flowers fomethin'';' refemb- 
ling them., but neither are of that family , or have any other rela- 
tion thereunto, yet fitteft for this place, as not deferving parti- 
cular Chapters. 

. ' ' _ Auricula flore'cdr nle of olio ^ or a^r'tnis. 

''I' He Burage-leaved hlew AiiricuU hath rough hairy leaves fpread 

-» on the ground Hke thofe of Enrage, but.much leffer, and 

rent in the fides in fome places^ among vvhich rifeth up one tx^-o^ or 








L <K A. Sooki 


more browri biry-fialks, five or fix inches higli, each bearing at the 
top three, or four flowers, confifting of five leaves, which are arge,. 
(harp-pointed, and of a fair rich blew colour , with fome fmall yel- 
low tbreds ift the middle ^ the root is long andbrowniOi , with many 
Wl fibres annexed thereunto. This Plant as it is rare, fo is it ten- 
der^ andimp'atientof our cold Winters, and therefore reqmrethtd 
be planted in a pot, that it may be handled as the fios Cardindis. 


Cor tufa Mathioli/y 

Bars^e^s Sanicte ^ as fome call it, fprlngeth up with the leaves 
foulded which opening are fair and broad, cut in divilions and 
nicked about the edges, alittle hairy, and of a dark green colour on 
the uperfide, but whiter on the other ^ from among the leaves rileth 
lip one or two naked ftalks, five or fix inches high , bearing at the 
tops divers fmall flowers , like in form to an AurHuU^ but hanging 
down their heads , and of a dark purple colour, with a fmall white 
€ye and fome threds in the middle ^ after the flowers are paft, the 
feeds fucceed, like that of the AuruuU ; the root is compofed of a 
thick tuft of Cmallwhitifh firings fattened to a head, which abideth 
in the ground all the Winter, the leaves perifliing and renewing at the 
Sprint- This Plant is commonly raifed from feeds', fet in a pot and 
ordered as in the lafl in Winter ^ both this and the former flower 
tvith the y4/^;W/rf or a little after them. -^- 

' Ail the feveral forts of AuricuU do flower in yf/^W/ or the begin- 
ning of 3/4^, and fometimes they will flower again in the end of Au- 
guf, or beginning of Sepembcr , but thofe flow'ers tto come then, 

are neither fo fair^ nor fo many on one flalk, as ^ hofe of the Spring, x 

The Bears -CATS muft be planted in fome place that is a little flraded 
from the fcorching heat of the Sun,thefoil made very rich,ifftiff with 
fand & flore of Vvdl rottedN eats-dung, & therein the roots fet a fooC 
afunder for thev fpread wide^ and will not thrive if they w^ant room; 
thebeft'way to fet them, is to open a wide hole, leaving or raifing a 
little hill in the middefl: thereof, then fet the root thereupon, and 
fpread the fibres round about it, laflly cover and water them. After 
the middle of Augufl every other year take them up , and then mend 
the foil where the'y^rew, with fifted Neats-dung, and having flipped 
and parted the roots , and cut off thofe fibres that are too long , fet 
them in the fame place again 5 by this m^ans you fliali not fail to 
have them thrive and bear flore of flowers , but if you let them 
ftand too long unrcmoved^ or in poor, or ftiff gi'ound, you raufl 
expe(fl the contrary. , 

The befl forts of Auricuh are fet in pots, which they will well de- 
ferve., fill the pots almofl half full with fifted Neats-dung, therefl 
Mth good fandy earth well mixed with fuch fifted dung, and about 
the end of Augnf fet the Plants therein , but not too deep , for the 
roots will be apt enough to draw downwards ^ place thefe pots in the 

^ * Sun 


"t T 


Sliri all the Winter, and vtitli GlafTes (defend them from ever much 

wet, but do not hoafe them, for they will do better in the open Air^ 

At the Spring when they rife to flower remove them into a place more 

fhaded, and after the flowers are_ pafl; (except thofe you leave to 

feed) you maydifpofe in fome fhady place out of the way, to make 
room for pots with G/V/i/^TT^^-y. . 


The railing varieties of them from feeds is a fecret wherewith 
few are well acquainted, and it is to be performed with fomethirig 
more than common diligencCjaccording to the rules following ♦, After 
the flowers are pafl , and the ftalks begirito grow yellow, you may 
obferve in the top of that little round feed-veffel , a fmall hole, and 
then you may be alTured the feed isalmoftripe, and if you do not 
carefully look to it, will be all flied before you are aware ^ therefore 
as foon as you perceive it to be ready , cut down the fl:alks , keeping 
the tops upright;; for if yoii turn them dowiiwards, all the beft feeds 
will fall out^^ then binde them in bundles , and place them upriglit to ' 
the Glafs of fome South Window, where (by fome benefit they will 
Receive from the Sun) they will harden ,' and be much the better • to- 
wards the ed'd of Atigufi or beginning o{ Seftemher ^ prepare fome 
■fquare box or boxes according to your ftore of feeds , that are nine or 
ten inches deep, and of what breadth you pleafe, with fome holes 
in the bottom to let out water , which fill, three parts full with fine 
fandy fifted earth, one half thereof being well rotted N eats dung,. 
which mingled well together, and laid fmooth with your Trowel, lay 
thereon a fingers thicknefs of fine fifted Willow earth, orfof'Vvant 
thereof dried Cow-dung beaten fmall,mingled with a little good eartli 
and fifted j and fow your feeds thereon, mitiglcd with Wood-afiies, 
which by their colour Will direct you to fow them, the more fuitablyf 
they muft not be fowed too thin, for all will not come up , if the^ 
do they may eafily be removed to another pLicejafter the feeds are 
thusfowedj cover them half a finger thick, with the fame you put 
next under them, which prefs down lightly, and let them remain in 
tife Sun andAiruhtill they begin to come up, which will be atouc 
April ^ and then' they muft be removed into the fliade, and often 
o-ently watered-, as foon as they are grown to any confiderable bignefs 
take fome of them up, where they are too thick, and fet thempre- 
fently in fome bed prepared for that purpofe, fix or eight inches afun- 
der where they may remain untill they cf)me to bear flowers ; and 
thoVe you leave in the box may be tranfplanted in the end^of Juguft^ 
after the fame nianner , and ia the box will be ready again to fow 
more feeds-,fome of them will bear the Spring followin'g,others about 
Ju^^ufl the year after they were fowed. 4 and the reft the Spring then 
next following, provided the ground you fet them in be rich and good, 
otherwife you will lofe all the delight of yourlabbrs. Some are of 
opinion that the beginning of October^ others the end of Fehmnrj^ is 
the beft time to fow them," but having tryed all thpfe , I find J 
that before mentioned to be the beft •, for the feeds arc fo fmall that 
if they be kept any time out of the ground, they will be' all dead- 
New above alhhings you muft be fure to get the feeds of good 

. y 2 flowers^ 

r r I* 






flowers, for from thdnce fprihgeth all your nope- wben you fee their 
flowers y thofe you diflike, caft away, or elfe if you h-ave convenience 
fend them to the flower-market , the common Emtory of tra(h arid 
.refufe^ and refeive the reft for your own delighti 

CttAp. icxxiL 

Primula TeriSj c? 



Rimrofes and Cmpfi are MngUjh flowers , arid we 
known to every Milk- maid, being the common orna^ 
ments of Meadows and Paftures, yet there are fome 
varieties of them entertairiedjn Gardens, out of which 
we will cull thebeft: ^ and leave the reft to thofe that 

We have now other 

dehght irt fuch 

common toys 

iinds of Primrofes and Cowjlip^ chat bear diVerfities ot red flowers 
more efteemed than thofe oi our own Country •, but firft we will be 

th fome of onr old acquaintance ^ and 

proceed to thofe of 

nmula Vtrisflore pleno roul^aris. 


T He common aouhle Garden Pnmrofe is fo well known , that it li 
fufficient oriely to name it , but were it not fo common in every 
Country-wom,ans Garden, it would be more refpeded , for indeed it 

is a fweet and dainty double flower, and the chiefeft of all our Ene 
//yZ, kinds, ' 

Taraljfis flore^emifiato, 


THe Corppp hofe in hofe differeth from that of the field ^ in refped 
the flowers are ingeminated, one ftanding within the other, ma- 
ny on one ftalk , the fame in colour and faOiion with thofe of the 
common kind. 


^dralyjis flore pleno. 

He double Corvpp differeth from the common kind, in that 
bigger, and beareth many fair thick and double flowers on 
ftalk, of the fame Gold yellow colour with thf former. 


. faralyfisfloreflmoVtridante. 



He double ^reen Corvpp differeth from the laft , in that the flow 
ers of this are of yellowiih green colour,but as thick and double 
and this is the rateft and moft efteemed of all our MnM kinds 


- A 



4 L 



Chap. XXXLl 


# t 

; Tliere are divers other forts both o^ Primofes and Corvppsfhn- 
ted iii fome Gardens, as the double green Primrofe^ and another thac 
path the outer row ofleaves green, witH a fmall pale yellow flower iri 
"fchemidft„the fingle green CowpK the tufted Cowpp^ the fanta: 

ftick Cowpi>^or Jafhnapes onhorfe back., the Cowpp with i\\^ jagged 

hofe^ and another with a large hofe divided in five points, and purled 

about the edges with a fmall fingle yellow flower (landing therein 5 

allwhich Heave to thdfe thai: delight iri them, and pafs to others 
bf moreefteem. 

Tiimula Verisflore ruhro 

Beredprimrop is of a newer date; more beauty; arid 


d fartiion it differeth 

From the common fingle field Primrop^ only the tops of 

and bottomed of theftalks, aieofa reddilh Colour; but th,. ^ 

difference is in thecoIoUrs of the flowers, there being almoft nvenry 
diverfitiescif reds, fome deeper arid others hghter, from bloud red 
to pale Pink colour ; fome are of a bleWifh Rofe-colour, fader and 
paler, fome brick-colour, fome Dove-colour, others of the colour of 
an old Buff-coat, and fome hair- Col our j all which varieties have beeri 
railed from feeds, and likcvvife thefe more excellent kinds follow- 

■ * 

The fair red Primrole is a pleafaiit flower, of a mofl beaiitiful rich 
(hining velvet red-colour, mih a yellow Star in the bottome, as is iri 
alltherefl. ^ ^ 

it' ^-^ \ 

The Scarlet Primrofe IS oUiicemy the flower is of a bright Scarlet 
colour^ more rare than any of the former. . 


Red Primrose hofe in hofehnhn^on every flfalk (for many f^alks 
bearing flowers rife from one root, in all thefe kinds) two flowers 

geminated, one flandin^ within the other, in fome bigger and oTa 
deeper red colour, in otners leflfer and paler j of this kind I have raifcd 

fix feveral diverfities differing from each other.' either in fizp r-ifliirwrt 

X feveral diyerfities differing from t^cli other,- cither in fize, fafliion 




The dofilfle red Frimrofe Is the rivtdo^zW the kinds, tlie flower is 
reported to be almofl as large, thick and double, as the common pale. 
yellow kind, arid of a fair red colour ; this K^ny Ciich be it is that fo' 
ipuch feed hath been fowed in hope to obtain. 


Tk red Cowpf.^ or dV///, is alfo of feverafl fort^,all of them bearing 
many flowers on one flalk, iri fafliiori like thofe of the field, but of fe- 
veral red colours, fome deeper, others' light ery fome bigger like dx-* 
lipi others fmaller like Cotvpps, 

The varidle Scarlet, 01 Orenge'CotoHredCc^pp^ hath man/ fmall 







A. " moki 

jflowers dn oiie ftalk, whicluowards the bottqme oaLbe upper fide 
in fome^ are of a fine Orenge-coloilr, 'arid the leaves lifted about the 
edges with Cinnamon-colour, and fdmethihg redder on the outfide; 
fome are of a fine Scarlet colour deeper or lighter in great variety, all 
proceeding from the feeds of the d^epeft cblotfred flowers, 

The yed Corvpf hofe inhofch^ih. many flowet-s oft oneftalk, Hk^ 
thofe of the ingeminated red Primrofe before defcribed, but lelTer • of 
thefelhavefive diftind diverfities, fome bigger, fomelefTer, and 
of deeper or lighter red colours, . 

Of fome of thefe forts a multitude have been and are yearly raifed 
from feeds, ftill fowed in hope of gaining new varieties, cafting thofe 
away that do not anfwer expetSiation, wnichby many about Lokdony 
with fuch like refufe, are fent into the flower-market ^ and there fold 
for little, for had they not that way to purge their Gardens, they 
ivould certainly, as I and others do, deftroy them. I have lately 
heard feveraj ignorant pretenders to the knowledge of flowers fay, 
that they could buy in that market the beft. Tulips in England for 
five /hillings the hundred, the beft" red Prim'&fes and Bears -ears for 
fix pence the dozen, and all other flowers whatfoever, one with ano- 
ther, for two pence a piece ; and I believe they and many others are 
confident that there are no better to be found in the world, than 
thofe there fold at that rate, for my part I fliall not endeavour to 
undeceive them, but wifti them good markets that are Co poorly plea- 
fed, and return to the fubjed in hand* 

Ttfe common double Primrofe flowereth in Jl>ril^2nd the Cowjlips in 
May, the red kinds in March^ and many of them will begin in SePtem- 

^er, and continue bearing flowers all the Winte'r, unlefs checked 
hard weather. 

: The £;?f///^ kinds are hardy and profper in any place that is 'not 

too hot in the fun • the red kinds are planted, fowed, and ordered iri 
the fame manner as we do tbt Bears-ears -^ yet if fowed In a bed of 
ood earth towards the end of ^ff^fw^^fr, they will come up at the 
Spring, and foon come to bear flowers 5 we ihall only add fome few 
varieties of another kind of fmall Cor^pps^ and then proceed to 
otlier things. 

, . • ■ •" 

aralyfis minor {lore rubro. 



Ed Birds eyes continue all the Winter with the leaves clofed to- 
gether,which at the Spring do open and fpread upon the ground, 
with fmall long and narrow leaves, fnipt about the edges, of a pale 
green on the upper fide, and of a mealy whitiih colour on the other 5 
from among the leaves rife up one or two fmall hairy ftalks, half a 
foot high, bearing at the top many fmall flowers, like in fafliion un- 
to a fmall Bears-ear^ of a fine reddifli Peach-colour, with yellow eyes 

in the bottoms ofthe flowers, it hath a fmall ftringy root, and fome- 
timesbeareth fmall feeds. There 




■% -f 

Chaf XXXtlL 




There ILmother of this kind that is a lit tie bigger in all the parts 



and beareth white flow 

F L 

i » 

And a third that is like the laft, but that the white flower 
poudered over with the faille red colour that is in the firft. 


Thefe pretty plants bring forth 

their flowers in A^ril^ and are pre 
fervedihfome'i^/^'Wy^jGardens^theyprofper beft in afliady barrel 
place for they grow nLiturally in moift barren ground in the Nor 

thern parts 

I received the feveral varieties before mentioned 


thy honeft Gentleman my very good friend Mr. tog 

JSroMaii^ of the day in Lancajhin before remembered 

5 O 

' s 

* ¥ * 

C Hi A P. xxxiii: 


* V 

fampons are of feveral /orts, and many Plants are 

called Z;)^^;^ if, with fome other word ofdiftindioQ 


make choice of fome few 


and fuch only as are fitted to adorn a Flower- Gar 


and lea^^e the reft as vulgars riot worth 

the mentioning,' 


Coronarid rubra niultblc::^ 

fie double red Jlofe champon is in all the pai 

hereof like 


the finale, fo well known that 

fuperfluous furth 


fcribeit only the flowers of this are thick and double of the fame 

deUcate velvet red 

,vhich is in' the common fingle kind 

-- •/ 

Lychnis Coroniirlh alba multtl^lex. 

He Jodie white Rofe chamfknls in all tilings like the former, but 
only that the flowers of this are white, but as thick ani double 
d far more rare than the red; ^ , 

Ly chilis ChaUiihnicaflorefmfict 


r ■ 

i^le Non-(uch, Fhrver ofconflminopl 
rnlled. Flower ofBrifloL is a plant as 


known as the former 

ly called, Flower of Br i/l , , , r- u j r • ■ 

coZo^ Chlmpion, and therefore needeth no further defcription, 
ther indeed had I admitted a thing fo common, but that there 


iome fine diver 

thereof worthy of 

he beft Gard 

d the varieties ftanding t-og( 
fine fhow. I therefore begm 

ther,fetting off each other, mak^ 
rh the common kind that be 



head of many fingle Scarlet flowers, which may ferve to point 
the reft. 

We have another of this kind, no way differing f 





btit in thetolour ofthe flowers, which in this are at the fir ft of 

reddifli blulli- colour, after growing paler by degrees 5 
one head of flowers there will be feveral (hadows of blufties 
than another. 

fo that irt 

, one paler 

There is a third that beareth fingle flowers, like in all parts to the 
foimer, only the flowers of this are of a fnow-white colour. 


Ljchnis Chalddonkaflorc pleno miniato, 

M \ ■ • 


He rich Scarlet Nm-fuch^ ox Flowerof BriJloljdlffQieth from the 

bearing many 

this are thick 

cohulc that is in the firft_ 

fiift, in that the ftalks are bigger and itronger, 
flowers (as the reft do) at the tops thereof, which in 
and double, and ofthe fame rich S 



The'chamfions do begin to flower towards the end oi^une^ and 
^ill continue bearing flowers untill September j the feveraf forts of 
- i\r(>;9-/af^; bring forth their flowers in y»/y. • 

TheChamfiwsmufkhQ planted of flips taken from the old" root 
iif the end of ^/i!^«/?, or beginning oi Sep ember ^ that they may take 
root before Winter-, thofefet in the Spring run up to flower and die 
at Winter, as the old Plants are apt to do, therefore fet flips eve- 
ly year, left you lofe the kind . The Non-[tich are hardy Plants, and 
will continue long, they are encreafed by taking young Plants from 
the old roots, which will come up with many heads, ' and every head 
taken offwith Tome little ofthe root will grow, and foon come 
bear flowers-, the heft time for the doing thereof, is in the end of 
March^Yihtn theaew flioots are rifen to fome height out of the 
ground 5 perhaps if trial^ were made of fo wing the feeds of the Angle 
kinds, fome new varieties might be gained ., the feeds are fmall and 
muftbefowedandorderedaswedo^;^m«^rf: but thefe Plants are 
not dainty oftheirnouriftiment, for they will grow and bear well al- 

moft in any foil, but woift in that which is over hot and too rank. 









■• ..-^ 








I\eiri five Lucoium luteunu 

All- flower Sy or ^'f^/^r G/Hifltwers^ have divers forts wor- 
thy of entertainment, and although there are fome 
kinds common in every Coantrey Garden, yet thefe 
that follow will deferve a place in this collec^tion^ and 
room in a /"/tfW/^i Garden. 

t^inflore fimplex ma jus 

c ■ 

He great fingle Wall-fl 

kind well known unto alL but that 

parts t 

ireof like the 
much larger^ 

the leaves of a darker fhining green colour, the flowers many, g 


fpike. of a deep gold yellow colour, and fome 

them as 

broad as half 

^iri mam [lore fl 


lie Treat huble Wall -ft 


like the laft, excep 

m^ the flowers, which of this are of the fame gold yellow colou 
and although not fo broad as thofe of the fihgfe kind, yet very larg. 
thick and double* 


IQkl fimj)lexflore albo. 

n;/;/7eXy'^//-^-?ivfr hath leaves as green, or greener thati 

THe fmgU white Wall-prver hat 
the former fingle yellow, and 
confiftins of fower leaves, of a fair wh 

the flowers are fin 


I(jinfioyei)lcn9 alboi 

ttc doMc white mU-fiomr Is in all the parts thereoflike liflto the 
- finole, only differing ill the floweis, thofe of this being of the 
fame white cotoar, not very krge, but thick and double : we have a 
fort of double ^Wtpck-cUl'Pwea, that is ^{ed from fteds,wh,ch 
in refpea of the green leaves is by many called the iohte mB-flomr. 
b„ anythat are Acquainted with the different fcents of the M'.^,and 
S<cck-m>pmr,miy thereby foon diftingdiai the one from the 



\ - 

]^m majus florc ^kno f( 


lie doiihte red Wall-fiomr hath fomethin 

0*"*D^ & 


den leaves, and 

beareth a long fpike of double yellow floivers, that (land thrnnef 
on the fta k than?hifeofthe great double yehow, hating ^he outer 
kavesdfti-d over with a dark red colour which whilft the flowers 

s^eTnthetud, and not quite open, is much more to be feen thanaf- 

terwaids when they are fully blowm 






t \ 






I\ein fibre luteopalliJo. 


t f 


_ I 

■ ■ J ^ . - , * ; . i' 

although it be in all the parts thereof 

ke unto the common double WaU-flomr^ yet is it more efleem 
ed, for that the flowers of this are thicker and doubler , ftand clofer 
together, and are of a fine pale yellow 


-». V^ 

They flouri{hiriji/;iyr^5yf/'W/j and part o^ May^ affording ftore of 
fair fi^eet flowers for almoft three months. 




fily raifed, beiufg apt to grow up on flips^ fet in March 

after the manner diredled for Stock-Gillifiowers -, the beft pi 
plant them, is clofe to fome South-wall , unto which they may be 
faftenedj and defended in Winter frotnFrofts and hard weather, for 
fome of them are tender, cfpecialiy the double white, andthegrejif 
fingle and double yellow , •- -. '- 



• '■ 


» ■ fc- 













of more eft e em than th^ 

Wall-pwer , as well for the elegance of form 

delicacy of colours ; there are many forts that bear 

double flowers as well as /i 

but the double 


ely are admitted into the Gardens of th_ _. 

iingle remaining in fome nurcery to b 

e curi- 

feeds, from which the double are raifed ; we ..... 
therefore fet down the varieties of thofe chiefly that bea'r double 
flowers, and onely tell you, that each of them hath a finale of the 
fame colopr, from th^ f^eds whereof many double ones are Lined 

« . 


Lucohmjlore pleno dlverjorum colorum, 

flock'Gillifiorvers ff di'vers colours are in all parts fo lik 
the fingle, and they fo wdl known unto q\[ , that they need m 


defcription. the chiefeft difference confifleth in the fl 

which of 

thefe are large, thick, and double , bearing many upon one branch 
and one ftalk many branches of flowers, which are either of afadde. 
or lighter purple colour, or of a paler or deeper reddifli murrey . and 
there is one hath greener leaves than any of the reft,that beareth'pure 
white flowers, each of thefe having fingle flowers of the fame colour 

and kind, from whpfe feeds the cjouble'are produced. 













umumflorS l^lcno ymegatum 


He double flrifedJlocJi-Cilliprver is in all things like tlieformei-/ 
and hath the fame diverfities of colours, onely differing in that 
the flowers of thefe are all flriped or marked more or lefs with white 
which addeth very much to their beauty and efteem •, there are fome 
with ftriped fmgle flowers, from whofe feeds the double are raifed, 
as in the former. 



Hcoitim alter urn Jlore plcno 

He sther double [lock- GiUiJlower hathnofingle of the kind, ancj Is 
Jeflfer in all parts thereof than thofe raifed from feeds, th^ flow- 
ers are alfo fmaller, but thick and double, of the fame or like colours 
of the other, both tor (Ingle colours and mixed, many of them mucH 
more, and better ftriped with white than thofe of the former kind. 

• " Lucohmluteum flore pkho. 

He yehrv fteck-GiUifiomr is a§ rare to finde, as a white TVaS-flowerl 

yet there are of both forts, as well double as finde , 
is yellow kind , being raifed from the feeds of th< 



of this yellow kind , being raifed from the feeds of the fingle j it 
hath hairy green leaves, and a woody ftalk like the reft ; the flowers 
are of a pale yellow colour , in the one double , and in the other 


They begin to flower m April -^ are in the greatefl glory in J/^j^"" 
and many continue flowering all the Somnier,and uritill they are chec- 
ked by Frofts; . ' ' 


The firrt,that have fingle ones of the fame kinds , are raifed from 

e feeds thereof, the double never bearing any, neither do the 
feeds of every fingle kind produce any double, but i( you have good 
feeds and of a right kind , you may from them raife many double 
flowers, which having obtained, fow them at the full cf the Moon in 
April in your Flower-nurcery, not too thick by any means , and af- 
ter they are grown four or five inches high , in fome rainy feafoh, pull 
them up, then turn the bed over where thev grew, and fet them 

ain in rows at convenient diftanccj after they nave flood fome time. 


and begin to grow hfgh , take them up again as before , fo fet them 
the fecond time , by this means they will become more hardy, grovv 
lowland fpread in branches, have ftrength to endure the Winter, and 
at the Spring be far better Plants to remove, than thofe that run up 
with long fl:alks , which feldom efcape theFroflsin Winter 5 and 
you will have many with double flowers among them, which may be 
perceived in the buds, which will be rounder and bigger than thofe of 
the fmgle , and thofe you may remove into your Garden , taking 
them u°p carefully, not breaking the roots, and with fome earth 
about them , which being a while (haded and watered , will grow 

Z a 







tear fl 


'Book I 

a§ ivell as if they had hot been at all removed 

thofe with fingle flowers muft ftand to bring you feeds, which muft be 

yearly fowed to preferve the kinds 
cominonly both the double and fingle dy 

they have born flow 

The otiiQi: Cons oi Jotdle floe k'Gi/IipmfS, do neither bear feeds/ 
ftor have any fingle of the kind ^ fo that they are increafed by flips 
onely, thole of this kind being more apt to grow, and longer conxinue 
than the forgier that areraifed from feeds ^ but as in Gillifloyvers fo it 
isinthefe, the firft being more eafily obtained, hath caufed the later 
tobenegleaedandalmoftquite loft, notwithftanding one Plant of 
this nobler kind is worth five raifed from feeds. 

Many are of opinion, that double ftocks raifed from feeds, longe 
than the firft year of their bearing flowers , are not to be preferved 

kept by any way 

but I know by experience they 


miftaken, fori have often raifed many Plants from the flips 

of this kind as well as the other 

that commonly the 

but the 

old Pknt being all run up to flower, dies the next Win 

cuttings will grow and bear the nextSpring followang,almoft .. ..... ^, 

thofe immediately raifed fi'om the feeds. All the art is in fetting them, 

is CO be performed in manner following ; Firft make choice of 
fuch branches as do not bear flowers, the which cut oft' fo me di- 
ftance from the ftock, fo that they be not too long, then flit down 
the bark at the end of the flip about half an Inch , in three or four 




which being (liadedfor fom 

places equally diftant from each other,according to the bi^..... .....,- 

of, which peell as far as it is flit and turn up, then cut offthe naked 
woody part clofe to the rind that is turned up, make a wide hole and 
let the flip therein three fingers deep, with the bark fpread open round 

about the end thereof, then " ' ' 

time and watered, if theground be any 'thing" ioSd^wiilarowTud 
profper very vvell 5 and certainly this is the beft and moft^bfolute 
way to raife double flocks of any kind that hath been pradifed by 
anyj and in theiike manner you may cut and fet flips of the beft wJ^ 
flowers, GiRi flowers , or of any other woody Plant that will grow of 
flips, a pretty pradhce for Ladies and Gentlewomen, for whofe fakes 

^^flyitisheieinferted^ they may alfo be increafed by laying the 
flips after the manner of GtUifioroers. 















Hcfperis five Viola Matronalis. 

' • 

.:^ ^ 

r '- 

Ames Violet^ or ^uns Ciliflomr, is a common 
Plant, growing plentifully in every Country^ 


and by them cilkd 

enccsj of which they have two forts, one bear- 
ing pale blufh , and the other white flowers, 
both fingle, confining of four leaves onely- but 
we have three nobler varieties of this floweV 
ly to be received into the choiceft Gardens, the firft of them and 

moft known 


no awo. 


He denhk white, ^eens Gi Hi flower is in all parts folike thecoma 
mon fingle kinde (except the flowers) that I need to fet dowa 
onely their differences 5 thofe of this are very many on one branch 
and one ftalk often times hath many branches of flowers, which (land 
clofe and thick together, commoi 

, commonly in a long fpike, each flower be 
hick and double.of a pure white colour, anrd delicate fweet fcenc 



which property it is called Hefp 

Hefperis flore ^kno l)wpuyafce?2te. 

HeddHhUpurflilh J^eens CiUiflorvcr diffcreth in nothirig from th 
former, buc in the colour of the flowers , th<>(Q of this bein* a 

many on one flalk or branch 

fcent, but of a fine pleafant light reddifh porpl 

kand double, and of the fame 


that c 

deeper thaii- 

common fingle kind^ and of newer date than the double. 

Hcfperis flore plcjwVayle^ata, 

f . . . 

^^Ile deahle (Iri^cd ^cens GOlipveer is In all parts like the lail, biH 
^ that the flowers,-which are ot the fame purplifli colour, are finely 
ftriped with white, and therefore more eftecmed than either of the 
other of this fort-, we have one thatbeareth fingle ftriped flovverS 
refpeded for the feeds fake, which fowed may produce varieties, 



They flower from Ma^f to the end oifnlji and are eafily raifed, for 
almoft any fiip or branch thereof, fet in the ground , fliaded and w*a- 
tered,W!ll grow , onely the nipping of the buds for flowers from (uch 
new fet Plants as foon as they aopear , would not be negle(5^eJ 

— ., ..^^ ^ — J --^ — , -■-. — -.-- — — -•^-^>^.,.^ , fc 

fingle kinds will feed, from which the doable fonts have been r. ifd 





(?^ J. ^ook L 



ftdrmica flore pkno <sr aim 


pfi/iw) and others, for in this Chapter Ifhali 
oive you feveral Plants that bear double white flow- 
ers and although they be of feveral families , I 
have ioyned them together, for that each of them 

would fcarce deferve a particular Chapter , and all 
of them bear pretty flowers , and are entertaiped 
for variety in moft Florilfs Gardens-, the Mle ivild 
TelUton hath tall (lender ftalks, fet with" long narrow green leaves , 
fnipt about the edges, like unto the fingle that grow wild m the fields, 
bearing at the top of the ftalk many fmall double white flowers 5 the 

pofed of many 

white firings, which run in the 

ground, and fpring up in divers places, whereby U is very apt to be 


(parthenlum flore ft 


T\OHhlc Feat her few is in all things like unto the common fingle 
-L/ kind well known unto all, the onely difference is in the flowers, 
tvhichof this are very thick and double, being white and foroething 
yellow in the middle-, this is increafedbyfctting the flips that run 
riot up to flower in the end of Attgujt, 


Cham^meium flore pkno. 

Double CamemiU is like the ordinary, but that ;the green leaves are 
of a freftier green colour and larger, the flowers of this alfo are 
lar^^er and very double, being white, with fome yellownefs in the 
middle 5 this is more tender than the common kind^ and muft yearly 
be rcnued , by fetting young flips thereof in the Spring 





Cotuli flore pleno. 

Ouble Don-f^nel hath many fmall deep dark green leaves, bear- 
mo at tfe tops of the branches divers broad fpread double white 
flowers without fcent ; the root is compofed of many fmall ftrings, 
and increafed by fetting the flips in the end oH August, nipping oi the 
buds for flowers, as foon as any appear. 


Cardamine flore j^km, 

Douhlt Uh Smocks hath many winged leaves lying on the 
ground, like thofe of the wUd kind, from whence many fma 
ftalks come forth, bearing many double white gowers •, the fmali 

ftringy rootj creep in the ground and come up in divers places. 





. Om. xxxnii 





fllsflorg f)I 



f * 

04/^i>4/7f^y are of divers forts, and Tome of them forvarie 
entertained in good Gardens, the chiefeft are the 


greater white. 

theall-red thegre^tred and white, th^childm. n.yfte fu' ,.,,,,^ 
^^ake^JM^reen Bajfie, -and divlrs other valtieS IX^ 

by paitma the roots . in the Spring, or Autumn, if thev ii^dlZ 
much.intlie Sun, unlefs often watei-ed, it will foon S 
ftroytheui, / , j^..; , ^^^^ 

and de- 


t,*-T ■ .*^ 

* V> 

-i • 








' ^HAp. xxxvin. 

b > 

C aryo^hilhiis hartenjls. 

1 - . - r 

////^^tt'^j'i are the pride ofSpaier, as ruths are th^ oU. 

nes of the Spring, all thofe bo win efteem are fuch as 

m Holland ^nd Flanders have been raifed from feeds. 

which IS the Qufe they, sre h frail, and apt to perlft; 

after they have boni flowers . we had heretofore iiianv 
good l^inds that were not feedlings, by: few of them now to be found 
many of our Gardens, ^ luuna 



Of thefe Dutch flowers 1 

hundred diftin<^ 

. ^,v..,. .,^vv... A li^ys-powa more tnan a huadved diftin<^ 

by feveralnames, all of them fair, large, thick, and double 


blufli, either upon darker or li^^hrer led/crimfon 

flriped, flaked, marbled, or powdered 

brighter purple, deeper or paler Scarlet, and 


forts, th 




, fotha 

5, may be comprehended uader thefe 
^ red and white, purple and white, and fcarlet and w. 
h colours there are many fine varieties, the which we 



infert unuer thofe names by wliich they are generally received and 
K'novvn,.beginning^with a do2<^n of the befl i|i every fort, the reft be- 
but indeed there is no end of thefe feed^ 

ood fl€wei 

lu^ ujt vvi V ^vjuu iw>Y».ii ., uuLiuuecu tijcrc; is no endot 
flowers, every year producing new Varieties, and pei^haps 
or three years, few of thofe now in efteem left, for commonly Vhe 

plants after they have born flowers die in Winter, ^ property com- 
mon to moft feedlinss. -' 

To defcribe every particular flower, would be tedious, and ro fmall 
purpofe,mrelpeaot their frailty, therefore 1 conceive the naming- 
the beft in every fort, will be fufficiertt to inform thofe that itCvQ 

lecl tl 


h done, vi^e iliall fur 

Pf opag a t ion , cult ur^, pi 


and prefer 











^ook I 

r I 

Gilliflowers red an 




Jjarles the fccond ^een Efiher 
ciu^een K^thainc 


Emperor of Ritf si 


flueen of Perfta ^ 

Court of Cajttle 
Bel Infanta 

Virgin of Erigland Lord de Camp 

Virgin of Cull en 


King of Bohemia 

Bohemia Crown 


Boy al- oak 

Grand Duke-Rojal General of Ho Uand 

Sufer- eminent 

New honaventttra 

Marvel di mond 

Count florus 

Bel Bofe 

Brown fanjoittt 
Grand Boor 

Kings fc Once 


Bm^eror Rodolfhm Bel-blome 
Great TamherUne 

Countefs of Flanders Prtnces Court 


New fainted Ltiij , 

frince de Parmd 

Purple and White. 

Kin ^ David 
King Solomon 
King ofjffyria 
^ecn of France 


Fantalees . 
Don John 

Eagle royal 
Frince Behert 

^een of Sweden 

Belde mondi 





Bel triumphant 
General of the Indies Admiral of Spain 

Triumph of Spain 

Houfe of Commons 

Scarlet and V^hice. 

Covenant of England 

Sc Lewis 

Marble fione "* 

Frince Henrick 
Boy at Match 
General Wigons 

Blew Crjftal 
Grave florus. 

Empire of Germany Great Boor 

Bride of Holland 



ncomg Frince 
Lord Belle ronton 

King of Ethiopia 

The Jewel 

Morning flar 

Bel bele ever' 

Frince of Orenge 

Faragon Brewer 

Virgin of Orleance 

Van Velfon 

Incarnadine d'Bezond 
Dorothea ofHoUand 
The Cock 



Fair Frances 

Count Mansfield 






efe ciltipwers and fome others of lefTei 

I obferved 

thebft feafon in flower, in the Garden of Mr, Rickets of Hogsden 

before mentioned. 

T hefe are the varieties of the beft Gilliflowers now m being : they 

flower chiefly from the middle of July to the fame time in Attguft^ 

and in hot Somers fome of them will feed, which muft be carefnliy 

looked unto, and gathered as foon as ripe, left rains in Autumn de- 
ftroyit. _ 





Chap. xKxnii 

" I 


Thefd feeds are to be fovved very thin, upon a h^^ 

th, after rairi, in the beginning of ApriL the Plants ■ 



of good freli 

ken up in fome rainy feafon, and fet again in rows a foot afunder, 
where the year following they will bear flowers, fome double, but 
more fingle, which may be pulled up and caft away as foon as difco- 
Vered, leaving only thofe with double flowers, plant your beft Gilli- 



pots, which inuft be placed to bear flow 

may have the morning Sun only, for the after-noon Sun doth the. 

plants much h^rm 

neccfsity gently, to moiften 

the earth by degrees, for too much wet rots the fmall fibres, thei 
fore take heed your pots bc- not over wet at the bottome^ neith 
would thefe flowers be long wet on the leaves* 

in the 

Every year fome of them will die : fet not another 
brth, but take it out, and fill the pot again with that which is frefli. 
for earth \n pots will fpend it felf more than that in Beds^ and requi 
reth to be yearly renewed: from fuch flocks as efcape the Winter,af 

bearing, take 

uch of the earth as you 

the pot 

without hurting the roots, and fill it up again with that which is frefli. 
Winter, and to the middle of Afril (that the weather grows hot) 

water in the mornine. after in th 


the branches 

putting water to the 


When your flowers are fpindlcd, bind them to flicks 


P o 

fuperfluousbuds, that the flowers of fuch you leave may be the 

» fairer . fl:ick hollow Kix, and theCleies of Beafts 

the ends of 

fl:icks about your pots, into which Earwigs and black Infeds in the 
night will creep, which may be taken in the morning and deftroyed 5 
when the flowers begin to appear, open the points of the pods to 
give them liberty, and thofe pods which break, bind with a narroW 
M, of the thin film of a Gold-beaters old mould, which wet, will 
ftick together, keep the flower round, and (czxcdy be perceived 
but thole that are not provided with this, may cut fome of the bark 

y flick, fit it to the place, and thruft it into the pod, to 

hold up the drooping fide of the flower : whe 

have done biear 

GUt away the {talks, and in rainy feafons (which often happe 
Autumn) lay the pots down on the fides, to prevent the taking of 
much wet. 


, The greateft care required in the prcfervatlon of thefe Plants Is In 
Winter, in which feafon they are to be defended from great rains 
fnows, and long frofts, as alfo from the North and Eaft winds ^ there- 
fore if you have a convenient houfe, with large dores, that they may 
not want air, place them therein, as foon as admoniihed by the firfl 
frofl:s, giving them at all times (unlefs in the night, and in time of 
frofl:) as much air as the houfe will aflbrd,and if you find them dry, in 
open weather gently water them with water qualified with a little 
Sheepsdung (not wetting the leaves) efpecially after a long froft. 

which will fettle the earth to the roots : let not your pots be too wet 









'Book t. 


9 ■ 

C H 




now fet ' down all the beft flower 


plants that are permanent,we will conclude this Book 
with fome fweet Herbs.and fuch only as are worthily 


took with her beft feedlings 

..,ed by the Colledorsof flowers^which done 
you to Ceres, who 'will acquaint you in the i 




b M^ftick rifeth aboiit a foot high 

HErb Mnjtjck riletn aDOutaiooiiu^u, w^ 
vided into many branches.thinly fet with ii 

th ftiff hard ftalks di 

ry joynt 


f^ the ftalks, and branches, come iorth 

fmall \thite flowers among a tuft of white downy threds 
plant is of fweet and pleafantfcent. 


f ■ 

Maram Synacum, 


the former, the 


ifyrUit MaftUk groweth not fo tall as 

fmaller , whiter, and thicker fet on the branches 

ke thofe of 

the tops of the ftalks ftand many 


but biaser and greener 5 


like ihok 0^ fmet'Margerom , ,. _- ^ 

woody, and the whole Plant of a delicate fweet krent 

and impatient of cold 

houfed in SN 

knaps or head 

the root is 
very tender 

and therefore muft be fet in a pot 

but ordered as is direded hr flos Cardtnalis , and 

carefully defende'cf from Cats, that elfc will eat and deftroy 





1 <, ' - 

Age is of many forts, but thofe fitteft for this place are the varie* 
gated c^rcat Sages , the one marked with white , the other with 
yellow, and the fmall fweet 54^^-, the variegated are common , but 
the fmall more rare. There are^feveral forts of fmall Sage, but that 
here intended is a fmall tender Plant of a musky fweet fcent, far ex- 

celling all the other. 




Argemn is likewife of divers forts 

but that called Winter 

fweet' Mar gerom is moft efteemed > there are of this two forts 

but the beft hath fmaller and browner green leaves than the other 

and as fweet as that yearly raifed of feeds 










Mny-Roullsz common Plant in every Kitchen Garden, efpeclally 
the orinary Torts, but there is one mpre rare that hath the leaves 
thick fee on the ftalks like tufted Margerom , but dofer fet together^ 


Avender is of four feveral for 

biff^er, another lefTer, boti 




bleak blew flowers t a third that hath large brodd g 

leaves'^' growing thick on the ftalks, never bearing any flow 

as , but that which is moll: efteemed is Uke the firft, but that 

flowers are white and of a ftronger fweet fcent* 



"^im^ k 6t divers forts, out of which three are chiefly to be chofcn. 


Muik-Tme^ double or tufted- zV/w^, and gilded- 77Wj 



firft are well known, the third hath foijiething broad green leaves, 
finely marked and gilded with jrellow 5 all fit to be placed in Pofies 
amon^ fweet flowers, and therefore deferve a little room in a flower- 
garden, : ' . 


All tfiefe Plants and Herbs are rai fed by fettingth^ flips or bran- 
ches, in the beginning of ^/r//, being all apt to root and thrive, ex- 

x:ept the Affyria-a Ma 

hard tb be found as kept, the later more common, andfometbing 

ick^ and the perfumed Sa^^e 

<:>' 3 

the firft being as 

"curious in-itsconfervation 

. v 

There is another fine Herby-Plant, preferved by the befl: Florifi 

called AhrotArium mridi flore amfl 

)^ix)d of Sowtherveood 


th a. thick tutt of veryfmall, long, whitifli 
of an Oily fcent, and in JuU beareth fine yellow flo 

fmall naked ftalks ; it is tender , and tlierefore planted in pots to be 
houfed in Winter, and may be increafed by fetting the flips in March^ 
which will profper if fet in the fliade in Sommer, and kept from cold 
in Winter. 

And now as we begun with Bajes^ we Will end with Rofemarj^ th 
feverai kinds inferted ihall end this Book, 



o[em.irj is of feveral fine forts, befides the common kind , with 
which all are acquainted , we will onely name them and fo 

conclude this Book. 

Ji ofmari-^ 



2^ J. 





J?<?4^ /^4^'^6^ A&femarj^ in the fafhion and manner of growing , is 

like the common kind , but bigger in all the parts thereof, th^ 

jeaves broader, thicker fet on the branches , and of a frefher green 



\oJmartnum Aureunu 

GlUeii Rofemdrj (Jififereth from the common kind^in that the lea?es 
are varioufly flripcd with yellow, as if they were gilded with 



%ojrnarinum Jr^enteum. 

liver Rofemary hath fmaller leaves than the laft, finely marked and 
flriped with white or filver colour , therefore fo called . this is 
more rare than the former, and of more ddight and beauty* 






Ouhle-flfiwered Rofemary hathftiffer flalks, bigger and greener 
leaves than the common kind, with many ptile blew double 
flowers, like Lark- Sfurs^ but lelTer* 


The G tided 2Sid Silvered Rdfemartcs , are in the Sommer months in 
greateft beauty, and the more they are expofed to the Sun, the bet- 
ter they will be marked 5 they all flower in May, and are increafed by 
fetiing the flips in March or the end of Auguft. 

Jn the Van at frft^ the B ayes afpfar^ 

R ofemary at la[l brings uf the Rear 5 

The one viilfirioHi Brows adorn^ 
ihe others at joyfn / Jrly m ens worrf. 

Ladies t$ you the frp is due^ 

Since none do conquer more than yofi^ 
Norgreater joy eon him betide 
Hath [uch a Beauty to his Bride, 

So Flora bids you now adiett^ 

Leaves frfi^ and UJl^ and all to you. 







,— #. 

The fecond Book 






J — ■_ ■- 



od aie to be fold at 

« • ' J u„ •? rt for <R kUri UamoH, aod are lo bc lum 

his Shop ia Fleet.ftrm 

over againft the Inner Temple gate, 















' .- -- ^ ._ 






I . 


1. . 








1 > 










V ;. 

V ** 






-•- , 
















' 1 




tHE SECOND book:. 

Aving given you a full account of all the fair 

eft flower 

Flora hath afforded 

cold Countiy , and with the pleafure of 
their beautiful afpeds pafTed over the 

We are now arrived at Sommer, 

which that it may prefent you with foine- 




thing befides Corn and Hay 
her Hatveft Garland , made up of 
pretty Plants and fine T lowers as are yearly 
or every other year raifed from feeois^ 

In this Book I (halL endeavor to fet down the beft in every kind, 

and piirpofely omit fuch fimple feedlin 

th the rowing 

and although you will find fome that are of longer lafting than the 
reft of the fame tribe or kindred yet properly befitting their places. 



We will begin with thofe that laft longeft , and fo proceed to the 
reft that ai e annual, and to be raifcd by feeds from year to year ; and 
as in fhe former, fo in thefe you will find diredions for the fowing, 

tranfplahting, and preferving each particular •, and firft ot the largeft: 
and longeft lafter. 





'Book II. 



- r. 

C H A P, 


Malva Hortenfis, 



Arden Mallows are of many forts , but moft of theni 
fitter for a Phyfick than a Flower- Garden, there being 
but one kind that beareth beautiful flowers . which is 

that called Maha Hortenfis Itofea multiplex^ which in 
JEnglt/h we call £ioiil?ie Mocks ^ or donl^le Hollihocks, thefc 
bdaiing many gallant double flowers, and of divers glorious colours, 
whereof there are of each colour that bear fingle flowers, but thofe 
by few efteemed or entertained, unlefs in want of the double kinds 

The dotdle Hollihoch ha 



^N\{itQ roots, from whence 

broad , and 

jfpring up many round cornered leaves, Jike thofe of common Mat 
lows, from among which the ftalks fpriag up five or fix foot hi^h fet 
with green leaves, more cut in and divided, and from the middle to the 
top, adorned with fmaller green leaves and fair large flowers fome 
y^ thick and double hke the Province Itofe, fome that have'theout- 

' a thick double flower compofed of fhortef 
leaves in the middle 5 and there are fome that the double flower hath 
ftiany heads , as if many fmall double flowers were thruft tocrether ' 
into one. The colours of thefe flowers in feveral Plants arc^ither 
white. Silver-colour, Cream-colour, blufli^ Rofc-colom. Carnation 
Scarlet, Orenge-colour, Br imft on-colour, bright red , dark blackifh 
red, or purple 5 of all which feveral colours I have Plants now grow- 
ing m my own Garden. After the flowers are pa/l, the feeds are con- 
tamed m round flat heads" for the double kinds feed as well as the 
fingle, which are flat, and of a whitifh brown colour. 

They commonly flower late in M^uft and SePtemk. 
firft flowers muft bepreferved for feeds -, for although t 

fo that th 

of fome continuance , yet they are chiefly increafed and raifed from 

wbch a^re to be fowed m the beginning of ^/r.7^ where th^ 

of which thebeftmaybe 


fecond year they 

bear flowers 

chofen, and thofc removed into c ^e Garden ' k'o^^Xr^lftenhey 

have done bearing 













^ • Aiinile^iu. . . 


% r I 

olomhines are Plants well tnow 

and coiTiinorily ''raifed 

from feeds^ 'although tlicir roots are of fome 
ance , they are of many forts, diflferin^ in form 

the coloiirs of the flowei*^ 
he reft that are to folio 

thefe as 


of the beft 

yoii a brief accou 

kinds from year to year 

of each- with dire^ions ho 



rhcdouhk Colomhines^ for the fingld are riot regarded u.. ^utui- 
guiihed by the flowers,^ which chiefly are of four colours, namely 
White, blew, murrey purple, and red " * . . . j 

, . . . , fome deeper, and^ 

but thefe felf-colours are not valued, thofe chat are variegated 
itnped, fpot ted, or powdered, are onely entertained, whereof there 
manydiverfities, differing in colours, Or manner of markinir from 

each other 

fome Will be half white and half of another 

light blew, violet-puf pie, mmey, or light redj others ftriped 


ted, and varioufly marked with thefe 
jnore and ill others lefs. 

upon white; in fon 


— ■ 

The dedk Inverted Cetom^mei , that Ts with the heels turned in. 

are of feveral forts,, as double and well-marked as thofe of 

r,«.^v^^, «iv, v^i ivv<wiai x»^iL3,. d.:> uuuuic aiiu vvcii-uicirKeu as tnoi 

the former 5 and with the" fame colours, but not fo plentiful in 





- Tk ddtible Rofe- Colomhms are thofe that hare rto heels, btit ff and 
on thellalkslike little double ko^cs ^ but that the leaves are narrow 
nd fliarp-pointed • of thefe there are fomediverfities, of the fore- 
mentioned colours, diverfly ftriped and mixed , fome bigger and lefs 
double, and others lefTer but more double. 



7he Tiegemratetolomhtne is like the laft , but that the outermoff 
row of kwives is much larger than the reft that are inward; the whole 
Hower is commonly of . a greenifii purple colour. 

*The Virglnum Colomhine\\3sS\ fmall fingle flowers with long heels- 
of a yellowiih colour, fhadowed'Wlth red , having deeper red fpots iri 
thejiollow parts of the flower 5 this came to us in Plants from Vir- 
^Jnid^ Siwi irom the feeds fhefifof, fffany^ feave been raifed ,. but kw 
Tike t Tie original, moft of them degerieratrfig irfto iimple fingle ill-co- 
loured flowers, -^ ".'-'■ . 

They flower in the tn'X ot Maf after the Tttlips are paft, .and there- 
fore the more acceptable, tTiit feafofl affoTdin*^ k^ eth^r flowers, 









(B £ 

Sook 11. 


Ail the iJie CoUlinesdo bdng (^eds as Well aS the Hngle^which 
mi^ befowed in JPnlin the Nurcery , where the fecond year they 

ear nlv. ', L of which the beft may be chofen and removed 
heGarden there to continue three or four years but if they 

they will turn Tingle, or lefs double, and few of them 

fo that againft the fourth year a new flock 

will bear flowers 





come well marked 

^lol^T^ provided , and :he old caft away ,^^^^^^^^^^^ 

bears mixed- coloured flowers 

have fome that will be of 

,Dur the whkh.iB fuch Plants ofevery colour and kind as you refervq 

,0 feed muft be nipped off, and the beft marked flowers onely left to 

feed, and fo you may be fure of many fine varieties from the feeds of 
fuch well-chofen flowers. 


C H 

P. Ill 


mp' Dragon hath fome pretty diverfities , the 
Plant is common and well known , and needeth 


the chiefeft difference is in the 

the flower 

and the thing mofl 

ceffary to inform, is how to gain the beft kinds 
and to keep and preferve them j tbe firft an 
mofl common is that called 


AniirrVtnum dhum. ^ 

He white Sn^P-Dragon is fo common , that I need fay no more of 
k but we have another kind thereof that is more rare, and thii 


Antirrhinum album ymegAtum, 


^He Mte variegated Snap- Dragon is m allthmgs like the common 

1 white, bQtonelythattheupperbroadleaf^thatisdividedinthe 

middle,and turned up at the edges,hath on the infide many fmall long 


of a fine purplifh 


which addeth much to the 

beauty of the flower 

Antlrrhtmm rHlrmiu 

T^. «</ W4»-Dr4^M is of two or three forts, the beft hath flow^ 
1 ers like tk former, but that they are of the colour of a de^ 

and there 

red if »/i, the other are red, but paler than each other . 

anoth« that beateth fmaller red flowers than the for=ner havmg « 

yellow fpot in the Nofe of the flower, as all the reft have, but m this 

elided as it were almoftabounyith white, 



aap.IF. C E\E 


Jnt'irrhln u m lu tc u in i 


T Be yellow Snap-Dragon is hi all things like the common white, aii 
onely diftering in that the flowers are of a fair yellow colour. 

Irhey flower from May to ^ftlyy and the feeds are ripe Iri Au^ufii 

All thefe kinds of Snaf -Dragons are raifed from feeds , and beai: 
flowers the feeond year from the fowing, and then commonly the old 
roots having perfe<5ted their feeds perith, yet the flips of them being 
taken off and let in the manner dire^fled for double ftock-dBiflowers^ 
will grow and bear flowers the year following j the beft flips for this 
purpofe are thofe that do not rife up to flower , and the beft time to 
fet them, the end of May or beginning of ^une ^ I have now feveral 
plants of the variegated white and beft red, raifed from flips^aiid have 
thereby preferved tne kinds many years^ without fowing their feeds; 

;■■ I V 

G H A P. IV: 


jld, and TcJe-Jlax^ have fome varieties planted in Gar* 
dens^ the which we will onely ilame, and fo pafs them 
over, being Plants of fmall efteem 5 arid firft of the 

tViUflax with a white fiower hath many {lender ftalks a foot highj 
fet thick with broader leaves than the common Flax, bearing at the 
top many white flowers, made of five fom thing large leaves, with 
fmall lines of purple ; the feed is like that of the rnanured kind, but 
the root will abide many years after the fowing , and although the 
branches dye to the ground in Winter , new will come up at the 



Wild flax with a yellow flower hatn many reddifli" ftalks, 
leaves like thofe oiSt, Jchns-wort , bearifig at the top many flowers 
like the former,but of a yellow colour 5 the feeds afe black , but noi 
fliining, and the roots abide in the ground like thofe of the white. 


I ' 

FurpU tode-fiax hath fat narrow long leaves , of a whitifli green 

colour/nipt about the edges , the ftalks bearing in a fpike divers fmall 

flowers, made ifi the fafliion of the commdii wild Tode-fiaXyhut leffer, 

and without heels behind , which aire either of a fadder purple,- or 

paler violet, with a yellow fpot in the gaping place of every flower 5 

the feed is fmall and flat, of a grayifli colour, and the root dits foon 

after the feed is ripe. 

Bb 2 • sweg^ 



'■ - 


^w^ct p(ir pie ToJe-Jlax huhlczves lying on the ground like thofe 
of a Daijie^ but bigger, with fmaller iip the ftalk, which is branched at 
the top^ and plentifully furnilhed with njany fmall (and if the feafGrt 
be hot) fweet flowers, fomething like thofe of the Lift,, biit of a 
lighter purple * the feeds are alfo alike, but of a reddifn colour, and 
the root pei'iflieth in the like manner^ 

foad-JIax of Faientia hath more and bigger ftalks than the form 

ivith leaves hke unto thofe of fmall Centory 
ftalks come forth the flowers , like in fafliion 
kind, but lefTerj of a fair yellow colour, the 
and the heel behind of a purplifli colour. 

the tops of tbe 
to the common wild 
gaping mouth down. 

Broom Tcde-fiax is bnely commendable for the thick ftahding of 
inany fmall fair green leeves inabufh, it rifethupwitha ftreightup^ 

right ftalk 

3 about a yard high, divided into many branches, and thofe 
thick let with fair green leaves , long and narrow, like thofe of the 


common Flax 5 at the pytiis come forth fmall reddifl] flowers 
worth regarding, which are fucceeded by fmall blackifn feeds " and 
the whole Plant dies at the firft approach of Winter. 

They flower in July and Augufi, and the feed is ripe foon after - 

thofe whofe roots abide the Winter ^ 
reft fowed with other annuals or feedlin 

fit to be fct together 



the beft of them 

■fmall attendance 

js , in fome place open to the 

they are apt to come up, and need but 





/tfi/fjr are of three teveral fort 


3 a grea ter. 

middle kmd, and a leflTer, and thefe are of three prin 
ipal colours, which are purple , white, and yellow 

he beft that are received into Gardens, are thofe fol 

digitalis major prruginea. 

He Bun- coloured Fex-^love hath long nicked grayifh 

ftalk five or fix foot hioh 

thort fl 

fide of each of them 

bearing a multitude of fmall and 

of ajellowifli dun-colour, with along lip at the 

the flowers are fucceeded by cods, . 
theroots commonly perifti after feedin 


fmall dufty feeds 

Will continue two or three years ' 








Digitalis media flore luteo ruhente. 



He orenae-nrnj Fox-glove is of a middle fize , having leaves i 
little bigger than thofe of the lefTer yellow 5 the flowers are lon^ 
"---"' of a fair yellowifli brown colour, inclining to an Oren^e 

tawney ; the feeds are Hke the form 
perifli after the feeds are ripe: 




, Digitalis alhd major is 

arid the roots commonly 


Hegre4white Fox-glove differeth from the common red of the 
field, mrh.irrhe leaves and ftalks are of a yellowifli green cor 

and the flowers wholly vyhite -, there is a leflTer kind that 

more rare- it hath the leaves and ft alksfliorter, the flowers lelTer. ofi 

ptirevvhite colour, and thicker fet on the ftalk 





n t - - 

Digitalis major lutea. 


^^,^r^*r?jff/^n7 ir^;c -J- W^hathleaves like, but leflTer thart thofe 
ot the wild kind; the ft alkrifeth three or four foot high bear- 
ing ttiany long hollow pendulous flowers , fliorter than thofe'of the 
common kinde, dnd wider open at the brims . the feeds are like thofe 
of theformer^ and the root more woody and of long continuance. 

Digitalis minor lute a pallida. 

He [mall pale yellow Foj^-glove hath fomething broad fmootb 



finely fnipt about the edges, a ftalk two foot 

high, bearing a multitude of long, hollow, fmall,pale yellow flow... 
"Which are {iicceedQd by feeds, like thofe of the reft, but fmaller 5 the 

compofed of divers hard ftrings , and longer lafting than any 

of the 

They flovver in f»»e and july^ and that with d 
before Jugujl, 


All thefe kinds of Fox-gloves are raifed from feeds, and none of 
them bear flowers until the fecond year ; the feeds are fowed in ^ooi 
rich earth in April'm the Flower- Nurcery, and in SeptemhrsStcr re-' 
moved into the Garden. 




C H A p. 






Sook II 

h h 




V. Vh 

Cardu as . 

iJtitles^ as n®y{ome WecdSj are more ufu ally caft ouf^ 

delightful flowers received into Gardens, yec 

there are fome forts that raajr be accepted ^ and the 
cbiefeft among thefe fcedlings inferted 

Cariuiis Ghhofm majoi 



THe gnaUr ctehe-Thiftle hath many large leaves lying on %hc 
Pround,cut in and galhed to the middle ribb^full of fharp prickles 

the Ptalk rifeth above a yard high^divided into branches, bearing great 
round hard heads, thick fet with fbarp-bearded husks , of a blewifli 
green colour-, out of the husks come forth pale blew flowers/preading 
over the whole head-, abraver thiftle never beautified a Scots Bonct 5 
after the flowers are paft, the feeds are contained in the husks, which 
muft be picferved, for the old Plant dieth in Winter^ 

• - 

Cardu us Globojm minor. 

He lejfer Glohe-7hifiU hath leaves like the former, but lefTer and 

whiter , the ftalk and head of flowers not fo bigg , the root 

more durable, commonly lading three or four years, bearing flowers. 


Thefe flower ufually in Augufl^ and fometim 

being fow 

cd of feeds, they will come to bear flowers the fecond year. There 

fome other forts of rhiftks which 

teived into Gardens, but none of them fit for our purpofe 

colledions are 

C H 





Carious is a Plant well known,efpecially thofe forts there, 
of which carry blew flowers, and grow wild in the fields, 
but there are other kinds of Scahiotts , which as well for 
the beauty of their flowers, as beingPoreiners, find friend- 
ly entertainment from all that delight in feedlings , but 

firft take one of our own Country to uflier in the other Grangers, 






Cfa^i yrt 

I } 


e a 



tihe fiomred ScahioHs hath many jagged green leaves ^Jik 
that of the field, but lelTer, bearing ftalks and flowers ot the 
ramefafliion, onely differing in colour, the flowers of this being 
white •, this hath been found wild in the fields , and thence for the ra- 
rity brought into Gardens. -; 





bra Aujl 

^d scabious ofJuflria, in leaves refembletl 

1 t 



fliorter, andonelyfnipt about the edges-, the flowers are of the 

fafliion of thofe of other kind 

f a deep red 


inotherof a fine bright purplifli red* the feed 


round: fet with hairs at the ends 





T% hd I^dm ScabUus huhimny jigged green leaves lyirig oa the 
JV t^round, from whence rife up divers ftalks, divided intofeveral 
branches bearing flowers Uke thofe of the former, but of various 
colours, fome being deep crimfon, others murrey purple, in both, 
fome deeper and others paler j and fome will have the outer leaves 
of a deeper or lighter murrey, and the middle of the flower almoft 
white- we hak fome that b^ar their flowers like tW^Childlingpaj' 
He many fmallercdraihg out on long foot-ffalksof the fides of one 
iar'c^er flower ., and many other diverfities are oLferved to proceed 

-from ^he feeds of this kind which are yearly fowed, for the. Pl 

commonly dyeth after it hath given feeds 

yet if 


and the Winters provemilde, fome Plants wilUaft and bear 
flowe'rs two or three years, 

» p 


The two firft flower about Juij ; the other, if they beir the fir^ 

vear theV are fowed 'it will be kte in September So that then from fuch 
Pi ants little good feed can be expeded, but the beft way to be fure of 
good feeds, ts about the beginning of fune to remove the young; 
Plants, to keep them back from running up to flower the firftyear 
vhich will craufe them to bring their flowersfooner ' ""—' _ ^" 
have time to ripen the feeds, from which being fowed in ^/rj ,many 
n"re varieties Ly be raifed than are before defcribedejpeciajl>;^fb^ 
the flowers that are of the lighted and molt mixed coloui 





the which 

chiefly to be referved for that purpofe 









"Book li 







i brn-fiower^ or Blerv-hottles^ are commod in every 

corn-field, efpecially thofe with blew flowers, of 
which kind many diverfities are raifed from feeds- 
differing in coIt)ur, for fome of them will be blew 
like that of the field, other white^ blu(h, fadder or 
lighter, piirple, brighter or darker, red, or elfe of 
thefe colours mixed, as edges white, the reft blew 

or purple, or the flowe: white, edged with blew or. purple, in fome 
flnpedjfpotted, or divided, half the flower of one colour, and the 
other ofanother, and often the middle of the flower of a fadder aqd 
deeper colour than the reft. After the flowers are paft^ the fcaly 
^eads contain (wrapped in do vtny matter) fm all hard white fliinino- 

feeds, which muft be preferved and fowed at the Spring,foi: Ihe^roots 
yearly perifli. 



There is another fort more rare than any of the former, cdlkd the 
Sultafis flower^ the feeds are fmaller and blacker than thofe of the 
former, the plants bigger in all the parts thereof, the flowers are lar- 
ger, and of a purplifli bluQi-colour in one, and in another Snow-white 

more beautiful thanany of the former 5 the roots yearly perifli, and 
the feeds not very apt to come up, or the Plant to profper, buc 
requireth to be often watered, and to be nurfed up in a hot bed. 

We have another cilkd the Spamjh Com-flcrver^ Which rambles 
' ' s up more ground than can well be fpared for fo poor a 

th^ flowers are of a pale purplifl] blufli- colour, buc not fo 


Vlmt' 5 
fair noi 

reft doe 



this feeds, and yearly dies as the 



The firft kind flower m June and ^ulj^ the two 
jiuguft '^ the Sultans pmr is o(Comt^{^CQm, but the reft arelitde 
Valued, yet by fuch as want better things entertained, 


^ We have another Plant which Mr. P4A-y&//2p« in his /w7w fees 

forth by the name of f^cea marina B^tica, SMifh fea Knahrveed 

with him^ but now common in ahr.oft every Gard 



no#ther than that rambling laftiug Plant, vulgarly called the great 



Bhw- bottle 

' Varthantm Uttvu^-^ ba ft ard Saffron ^\s an annual, yearly raifed from 
feeds, it hath broad green leaves, a round hard ftalk, branched at the 

top, and each branch bearing one great fcaly head, out of which com- 


C7Mf IX 


cthatuft'bfdihiirlg gold -coloured threds, which keep that coloilt? 

(thoughgathered) along time • the feed is round mi lon^, white 
and hard, but feldome ripens with us, and the root yearly Hies 5 the 
feeds co^rtie to us from Sl>ai»^ where much isplanted^ for the ufcof the 

dyers of filk. 

h ■ 

^ i 





1 \l i 





. f 

.i X 



■* -r 


i.A f ' » 



■ 1 



Lower Gentle i§ chie^y of two forts, the greater, and the 
lefTer -; of the firft there are fome diverfitics, but many 

more and better of the latter, of which there hath late 
ly been obferved twenty five varieties, ajl in floWer to- 
gether, but firft oft h'afbeft known, ■ • 



Amaranthis pirlnirQU'S major. 


^^HegreS P lor amour hath a thick and tall crefted ftalk, with many 
^^ reddifli, large green leaves, the flalk divided into many branches^ 

bcanng longfpjkes ofround hairy tuff ^, of a reddifh purple colour 


$vhich are diyided into feveral parts, wherein (wlien full ripe) great 

ftore of fmall white feeds is contained •, this is aaold flower and com- 

mQUy called by fome Country women, love lies a bkeSn^ 5 \ve have 

now ofthis kind fome other varieties, that differ chiefly in the tufts 
Of flowers, fome bigger, others leffer, fome purple mixed with green ^ 

others wholy of a whitifh green colour 5 they are hardy^ fowed in 
Jlpil, will flower in the end oijuly^ and perifh with the firft fro/ls, 

Jmar<;inthum purj^wem mmr. 

fie lejfir purple Ftomr Gentle cometh up with yellowifli 
leaves, a htcle reddifli, fomething broad at the ftalk, and (harp 
[need 5 the ftalk fct with thefc leaves, rifeth about two foot high, 
anched at the top, and bearing flowers, which are long, foft, and 
gentle tufts of hairs, many ftanding clofe together in form of a Pjr^' 
misy of an excellent rich deep ftiining murrey purple colour, which it 
will retain (after- it is gathered) many moneths : the feeds of this (as 

©i all the reft) are fmall black and ibining, and the roots perifli as thofc 
gf the former. ' , 



Amaranths diyerj or tm color urn, 

Lotver Gentles ofi'rjers colours io little differ from the laft, either 
in leaves, ftalks, or feeds, only as their flowers are of deeper or 
lighter colours, fo are the leaves paler greeny and lefTer red than ocher^ 
the chiefcft difference is in the flowers, wltiieh are Bot only of many 










^ Sook If. 

r I 

(cvkd coroflrs, bile notably diffeiifig infarifi^ofgiovVing;,: fomewicb 
Olid fpike^ others fvithmany^fomeroundj" and others more Aat and 
divided into divers parts?, the colours mofteomm on to thefe flower 

_ e,. fcarlet^ and gold-colour, in fome d^eeper , in others lightec 
paler^in very great variety, and in all exceeding bright and (hining? 
fine flowers to be fet in pots t6 fupply the place of GiRiJlotvers^ thefe 
.coming to flower as foon as they are pafl- J and with the great Jfri- 
£an Marigold make a gallant fliew in a Garden. 

Amathithus tricofor. 

Zorver Gentle of thee coUurs differeth from the former, in that the 
leaves are in fome hot years parted into three colours, namely, 

g^edijTed, andyellow;. theffowersfmallj^and of no'efteem 5 the 
t^cjfebedutycJfthe plant being in the marking of the leaves ; the 
feeds like thofe of ihe forrner, and the^root as foon perifliing. • 


' I * 



They flower ufuolly in >/zj-/yy?, but fome years not untill late in 
September 5 therefore that they may flower betimes, and perfed their 
feeds, fow the feeds in a hot bed about tKe middle o^ March-, after the 
plants are come up, and have gotten fome ftrength, make a new hot 
bed, and after tb6 Violent heat is pai!,'take them up with earth abouc 
themj axid fet them therein 3 aboiic the beginning oi May, tranfplant 
them where they may ftand to bear flowers 5 the place mufl: beopert 

the Sun, and the 'foil light and rank, and often watered 

Thus by 

removing them fldm one hot bed to another, it will caufe them t6 
'thrive, and not okly afford you many gallant flowers, but ftore of 
go6d feeds, which will continue good three or four years, fo to pre- 


you may refe 

quantity from year to year, for 




feed- flow 

good Garden would be unfurniflied with thefe beautiful 
! chief ejfl, and moft deferving eflecm of all the annuals 


^ ' *^ 


?* • 


Hdkhryjum five Jmnr.vithtu kteus 



He^oUen Flower Centk^ox Goldy locks^ls a ftranger in our Coun- 
irey, it 'will neither be raifed from feeds, or live if the Plants 
(hould be procured out of the hotter Countreys ^ yet I have feeii 
two forts thereof in flower in London, many years fi'nce • they came 
up with fmall ftalks, thinly fet with narrow long whitifli green leaves 
bearing at the ends of the ftalks, many fmall, double^ gold-yellovv 
lowers, in the one round, and in the other bigger, and flat at the top 
both keeping their colour, and not fliedding their leaves , many 

moneths after they are gathered, as I have feen in divers cry Plants , 
thefe and the Cats- foot, or Cotton weeds, grow wild in fome parts of 

/^<«/y, Cmdy, and other hot Countreys, but will not live with us. 


' v 


4 - 



^ *:m 







■ I 


' ' 

r I 


» ■ 

CHAp. X 




w4r/&/4?<?/jaredffevdralfort^,as well double asffh^Ie!: 

there H but one kind worth the preferving, which is 









r^ Otthle upright Larks-hcth nave fmall jagg^a leaves, tall upi ignc 
.^ftalks, branched at the top, and bearing many fine double flow- 
ers, inform like to the kofe-Celottibine , infeveral Plants oT fundry 
entire colours, as purple, blew, Afh-coiour, Rofe- colour, pale 
bliiflii or whitej thele are the moft ufual colours^ yet foinetimes fomd 
roots will bring flowers that are ftriped and variegated with blew and 
white, and often with fome leaves blew, and others purple 5 after the 
jflowers are paft, the feeds arc contained in fmall horned pods, which 
are black and round, the which being fowcd will bring fome Plants 
with fingle^ bat moft with double flowers 5 the roots perilh iit 

* . They flower according to the time of fowmg them, fooner 6r la- 
ter, in fuljov Augup, but I have often had Plants that have come up 
from feeds fallen out of the pods before Winter, which have conti- 
nued and born fair double flowers in funi following, arid fiirniihed me 

with mueh gcfod feed; 


The ufual time to fow thefe feeds is the beginning of ^/r//, but to 
get good feeds, which is a chief consideration in thele Plants, I ufu- 
ally fow fome as foon as they are ripe, in fome place where they may 
be defended from" long frofts in Winter, arfd one df thefe Winter 
plants is worfh ten ofthofe raifed irf the Spring, arfd will yield more 
goodfeed; yet in fome kindly Sorters, thofe of the Spring will feed 
reafOftable well; Next unto thefe two other Plants are ranked, in re- 
fpcd their flowers refemble the Tingle LarU-bids, the firft is called 

r " " 

Knjlurtium IndkUm, 




NdUn Crepes, otjeBow lArb-heels^ fp 
lin 2 branches, four orfivefdo 




^^ [iich,unlefs fuppdrted, h 

^.. theground,'and take up much room j t!he leaves are Imobth an 
round the flower^ of a fair Vellow colour, in f afhion foTmethirig like 
a finale Larks-heeL but the leaves ftand plainer, and fome of them arc 
ftreaked with red ; t^e flower is fo well known; that 1 need not ro 
be curious ia deficribing it, for few Gardens of any note ate without 










^ooK II 

it 5 the fec^s are rough, ahd uneaveri, failing of themfelves^ arid' cfa- 
thered off the ground and preferved^ for the root dies in Winter, 

1 " I 

T he flowers come for£h in fulp and the Plant continues 

be checked by frofts -, the 'feeds are fowed in Jpril^ 2nd if they 


branches as they 

•pe arid good 

come up, and the traylinsf 


may be led upgn a pack'-thred faft 


flickSj into what form you pkafe, driliey may be bound to rod 
iti|ck in the earthy that tn^y oj^y not Jy onthe ground. The otlje 

plant wherevYi^h we v^ill conclude thia Chapter is called 


s ^ 

1 b 

'. ; ^ -:'^.''t-:-' 

V- J ■■■ . 

at amma 

^HefemleBaifam'JpplehuhzihkkrQddiih (talk like' pttrp^e^ 

A bunched^ and fet with leaves like thofe of the fe^ch-tm 5 al)o«c 

the ftalk from the middle upwards, come the flowers, on (h.ortfoot- 

fia.li5, which are Qftw9 or tfireeihadows of purples, with fpurs be-^ 

hind like /iimie Urh-ied 

but bended downwards 5 thefe flowerf 

%%t ftigceedeci by rpurid rough heads pointed at the f nd, wherein "\% 
l^iHX^ined fmaU rpjiad blackifli feeds j the root dies at the'firft approch 

©f Winter, . ^^ 

I'h^ fewers come forth in ^ulf and Augu^^ and rarely yield any 
good feeds m our Cpuntrey 5 the Plant is tender, and mijft Jje fowed 
m a^hot bed, and remov'd into good ground, and carefully at- 
tended with watering in the heat of Somer, elfe it will quickly 
perilh. • • ^ 1 







T - 






-^ r* 

tl/ifn^ otMoth Jfef«%, hath fpme. diverfities that 
commonly raifed froip feeds^ wtipf^ roots perifh 
Winter, t>ut th^r^are oth 


years, an^ yi^J.4 ;nf r^afe froni t|ie root,thj? 5rft pf whi<; 
that called ' . 

!Slatt4naflon p^rpureo. 

L ■ 


fTe furpk ^0fh Muffin hath dark greed broad leaves lyipg on the 
-rou(idfpom among which rifeth lip a (talk a yard high, bea^ipg 

from the middle 

the tqp Biany fair purple flowers, cpnfiftio 



five leaves with fpr^e thredsm tji^ middle 5 the ..^, ., .,,.^ .„^ 
brown, abiding many year§, a^d increafing . of thi^ kind tHere is 

4noth| |hat V^q^Ji fl<^^€|^ of ^. Yivl« ¥ew calQur,ln pthei ^efpe^s 



€hdf XIL t E (J^E 


f ^ 


(BUttarid lutaa odonUJ. 

m V, 

r, ' * - I 

J^iTf/ ycflowMoth Midkn bath leaves of a grayer green colour thari 
thofe of the former j the ftalk rifeth about a yard high, divided \h- 
to branches, beariag pale yellmv flowers of the faftiion of the otherj^ 
but fmaller; and of^n c^elleat (vi^d ktdi 5 the root abiding as 

well as the foni^er. 


(BUttanaflore (uteommr. 



Hegriatjetow Moth Mullen hathldrger and greeiier leaves thafi 
any of the former, the ftalk four foot high, bearing many fair 
yellow flowers, broader and large): than thofe of the purple, which, 
are fucceeded by round buttons, containing feeds •, the root perifheth 
lii Winter, after it hath born flowers and feeds. Like unto this 
kind there is a newer variety, differing' only in that the flowers are be- 
twixt red arid yellpw, but more red than yellowy and abiding the 





'Blattaria flore M 


/r//^iftf/;& ii/wtodiffereth from the great yelIov\^, in that the 
flowers are not allthing fo broad, and of a fair white colour, 
th purple threds in th^e middle' ; the root periiliing in the fame 

m anner , 

#1 T , T 


The tw<? firft flower in the beginning o^Maj^ the reft in June, 

. ■ A - 

- • 

. Thefe are plants of little reputation j thofe whofe roots contU 
<iUe are the beft j they may be inacafed by parting the roots, oc 
raifed from feeds, and will bear flowers the fecond year. The great 
yellow and the white are raifed of f€.eds only, the root not laftin^ like 
thofe ofthe three other forts, _ 

? . 


/ * 


^ * ? ' f f ^ ' ' • .> 







^?**, ■ : ■ ^aJ 1j 



fa^ityu Uukl^hxs 

< & 


Otf^/^ Pappus are become the common ornaments ofthe 
Kitchen- Garden, and are fo well known that they need 
no defcripticn^ the colours ofthe flowers are red, pur- 
ple, Scarlet, Lead-colour, white, or blufli, and of thefe 
many varieties, fome deeper, and others lijhter • there 
is one that beareth fmall, but very double flowers, every leaf where- 
of is half white, and half red, and another of a fine Scarlet colour flri- 
ped with white-, befides thefe, the fmall double sich Scarlet, which 

^ ^ difceih 




'!Book 11 

differcLh onely from the finglc field pofj in the doublehefs of the 
flowers, is of fome eftcem 5 but the rareft of all the reft, is one lately 
difcovered, differing onely from the laft ^ in that the flowers are of a 
fine Gold yellow colour. 


■ ■ q b 

They flower in June^ and yield (lore of feeds, which falling of 
themfelves, or gathered and fowed in the Spring, will come up and 

profoer in any place • the party-coloured red, the ftriped Scarlet^ tfeip 

fmau double Scarlet , and efpecially the yellow, are thofe moA 



J 1 





ite t€n»tt- flower hath fome few v^ietics^whofe feeds ar« 
preferved, and yearly fowed in Gardens-, the Plant is fo 
common and well known, that it needeth Httle dcfcrip- 
tion, the firft IS that (ingle k'nd called 


^ ri- 



'anijh NigetlA hath leaves like Femd^ the flowers are (ing„, 

(ifting ot five larger leaves than thofe of the other forts , com 
monly of a bleak blew colour, with a green head in the middle com- 
pared about with little gaping hollow leaves and a yellow line * after 
the flowers arepaft, the head grows bigger, with a crown on the top 

fprcad like a Star 3 th^ (ted^ arc round and of a yelbwifh green coloar. 

_ Kigellaflore duplici. 



He denhle^jgeBA hath leaves like the form 

the iiowers confift 

of three or four rows of fmaller leaves , one lying under 

another , of a pale blew colour 
feeds are black, contained in round heads 

and white in another 


They flower in the 
ly raifed from feeds , 

and require fmall attendance 

end of ^»»e or beoinning oifuly 

which fowed in the Spring are ai 

and are year 

;ipt to come up 

» * 




*■ t 





Chap. Xl!/. 


• r 

X- * 










F * 

i / 

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A« I. 

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fome retain two forts 

annual fcarce worth therpwi'iig 





mum Crl 
which is 

fimple £ngle pale yellow flower, and Cryfanth 

mum Peruvtanam 

the Corn-MariTold ot P(ru^ 

•^ sjr ^ 

aone bcarin 


which is that ereac Monfter. we'calli/itf fUmr 
tf ' the 

of which there' are two forts 


and, the other Oval yellow flowers , heretcf* 

suiiv- uv-aiiii^ i«juiivi ^ a4*v4, iiiu v^viiti vyvtii. ^v-wv/v¥ xiWTiv*.-' J nvi-vtv- 
foreadinirecf. but now grown common J not at all refpeded^ -qi; lo 

CaleticlulaJIore j^Iena 



0«^/^ Garden- Marigolds are yearly fowed of feeds in Kitchen 
Gardehsi there is one kind thereof that beareth fair large dcifibl 


flowers, far excelling the other common kinds, -^^t t 



- n 


^3 C 

Mcr Atticmjl 

•■ ^*t«* 


• f 



f •^ 


Star-mrt hath rough kaveS^'ofa dark 


>Ai- * 


oloii:^ the 

ftalk divided into branches, bearing at the ends five or fix 


leaves, ftandin 

nd like a Star, with a flower in the middle, con 

fifting'of narrow long pale yellow leaves , compafsing a yellowiOi 
brown thrum \ thefe flowers appear mjtine^ and as foon as the feeds 

ripe/tbe root dies 


have another which we call After Attic us 

Italorum, the JtaUarf Star-Jlqrver^ commonly called the blew Marigold. 

which will continue many years , and yield increafe from the 
flowercth late , feldom before ^f/>/^/»^^r , and the flowers like thofe 


of a fingle Marigold^ but of a purplifl^ blew 

brown thrum in the middle. 


with a yellowilh 


-f .fftj^Jr 




HeAfrkany ox French Marh old ^ and the varieties thereof ^ are 

known to moft per Ions that delight in flowers 3 there — 

three principal kinds , and of them fome that bear fing 


double flowers, fome deep 
is that called 

and others paler , but the bell of them 



Bos Africdntis maximus mtdti^kx. 

Hegreateft douUe African, or Trench Marigold, hath many winged 

leaves like thofe of the AHi, finely purled about the edg 








of a dark green colour 5 the ftalk rifeth commonly a yard high ^ 
IvaVds the top divided into branches, fet with green leaves , and'eacii 
branch bearing one large double flower, confifting of a multitude of 
leaves, of ^air gold-yellow colour on the upper fide, and paler uA- 
derneath; and fometimes there will come diverfities from the feeds 
of one flower, fome being paler than others j thefe fair great double 
flowers rife out of a large pod^ wherein after they are paft , long nar- 
row black feeds are contained, from which the feveral varieties are 
jaifedy : arid fome of them will bring large fingle flowers with a thrum 
m the middIc,.?^lthough taken from double flowers. 

£ ii fijin*/ 


1 I 

^Xi^ IJ 

Flos Afrkanus Muhjo flon'multi^^^ 

He hhllow-leafed African , or French. Marigold^ islikethelaft, 

>ut fmaller-, the flowers are thick and double, compofed of ma- 
ny hollow leaves^ opening at the ends , in fome of a deep, in others 
of a pallei; yellow colour, and as the former, fo the feeds of this will 
fomerimes brini? fins le flowers 


Tlos Jfrkanm minor florebh 


¥ w 

He leffcrJouhk Fnnch . or African Mar hotd^ hathleflfer 

than any of the fprmer , the ftalks 

ftrong and upright 

but leaning and turning divers waysj the flowers are thick and double, 
buc much fmaller than thofe of the other kinds, fometimes wholly 


and fometimes the outer leaves being bi 

than thofe Within^ are'of a deeper and fad colour 5 the feeds of this 
do hkewife bring fome fingle flowers as well as double, and diverfi- 
ties of both, as bigger, and leffcr, deeper, and paler, but none of 

tnem much efteemedmrefped of their evil fmeJ] • 


The two fir/l kinds flower about the beg 

the laft common fort fooner 


of Septemhe. 



the roots periih with the firft Frofts 

and aie yearly renewed by feeds, for which purpofe the firfi flow.., 
arc to be Dreferved and the feeds fowed in the beginning of April in 
a hot bed, efpeciglly thofe of the two firft kinds', and after they are 
comeupand of fome firength, removed into a good rich foil that 
ftandeth m the Sun, >yhere being watered they will profper, and bear 

/lore of gallant double flpwers, the feed whereof are onely to be 
preferved, ^. ■' 










V —z 

E S. 




CH A P. X-^, 

• - # -.^ 

Conyohuln4 C 


Lew Binde weedis of two forts, a bigger arid a kfTer^the Srft 
rifejh up with many long winding Branches^ fet with Lirge 
and fomething r.ound leaves, pointed at the ends-, the flow- 
ers come forth at the joynts upon long fodt-ftalks, wliich 
being bJown opfin, are hke bells, with broad operi mouths, 
ending m five cocQers,, of a fa'ir blew colour^, .tending to purple -, thefe 
flowers open in the nigho-, arid.-are to be Ceen in the morning before 
the Sun, for as fobn as it things upon them, they are all gone and ne- 
ver appear again ; after the flowers are paft j the husSs contain round 
black feeds 5 the roots perifli in Winter. : . 


There is of this kind another that hath cornered leaves Yikz Ivy^ 
the flow.erS of a deeper blewi^- more reddiOi in the five plaits and bot- 
tom, in all other things like the former. _' ^ 


Thelejfer Smd'-wjed hath fmaller and longct leaves than the fir/l,' 
and a weak ftalk, rifing about two foot high; the flowers, come forth ac, 
the joynts whete the leaves ftand, like the other in fafliion, but lefTer, 
and far more beautiful, being of a fair blew, colour with a white Star 
in the bottom 5 the feeds are Hke the former, but fmaller, and the 
root dies TO h the firft approach of Winter. 


< - / 

The greater kinds flower late In September^ the leffer in g^«»:and 
^uly 5 they are yearly raifed from feeds , th^ firft requiring a hoc 
bed, but the other is hardy arid will come up' and thrive without that 
trouble -, as fdr the red flowered Bind weed of ^merica^ we muft nbc 
exped to £qz it bear in %ngUnd^ and the Lavender leafedBind-vpeeJ. 
is 3 weed indeed common in many fields in divers Englijh Countries! 
We have another fort of Bell-fiorvcrs raifed from feeds, cxMed 

Violt Mariana 


ArUfis Violet, dt C^nterhury Bells y the firfl: year after the feeds 
are fowen, cometh up with many hairy leaves, fomething 
broad and long, fpread on the grouod ; the year after the ftalk rifeth 
ayardhigh^ divided Into many branches (tt with fmaller leaves ,' and 
a multitude of flowers ftandinq: in green hasks , which are large 

o is 


round, hollovv Bells, fwelling in the middle , with narrow necks, and 
ending in five corners, in fome of a white or filvercoloarjand in others 
of a pale or deep purple 5 the feed is fmall,coutained in fquare husks, 
and the whole Plant dies as fooit as the feeds are ripe, fo that the 
kinds are continued , by fowing the feeds in >^/r/7, with other annu- 
als, and after removed where the Plants may ftand to bear flowers. 



















Hern- A fie is of two rorts^a greater and a lefTeij the firft 
rifeth up with a ftrong round ftalk four or five foot 
high, fpreading at the joynts into many branches , fee 

with large dark green cornered leaves , cat and 

^ed about the edges-, at the joynts come forth large 
Bell-faftiioned white flowers, which are fucceeded by great round and 
fomthlng prickly Thorny green heads, which being ripe, open into 
three or four parts, anddifcover a great quantity of blackifli flat feeds' 
within them t the root dies in W inter \ and new Plants often come 
up of its own lowing, ... .- 

There is another, little diifering from this, but that the flowers ate 
of a light purple colour. 

The Mer Thorn- J fie difl*ereth from the former , in that it is lower 
and much lefTer in all the parts thereof 5 the leaves arefmoothand 
rent at the edges, and the ftalks without branches 5 the flowers come 
orth at the joynts like the other, notfo big, but more beau tit ulj 
white in colour , and like a Bell in faihion •, the Aples or heads that 
contain the feeds are lefTer, rounder and harder than thofe of the grea- 
ter kind 5 the root dies at the fiifl: appearance of Winter, 


We t3\k much of two other varieties of this le/Ter kind , tht one 

tearing flowers ingeminated, or hofe in hofe ^ one coming out of the 

others ^nd another that is double, confifliing of two or more rows of 

leaves rifing equally together 5 I have feen the figures of both thefe 

well cut in Brafs, in two or three Books of Flowers Printed in Forein 

Countries;, and it is like that fuch there are in thofe parts, but lam 

confident they were never feen in Mngland , otherwife than m 

For that with fingle flowers will hardly flower with us, and ii it Jo ' 
it is fo late that it feldom yicldeth any good feeds 5 the greater kind '^ 
common and will grow any where, the fittefl place is in an Orchard 
Qi Kitchen- Garden, for it takes more room than the Plant deferves. 





/ I 


c%. xm 




C H 



Mrdtlia Te/uviaua, 


He Mervail of Peru hath a big ftalk, buoched at the 
joynts, of a fair green colour, in thofe that will bear 
white and red flowers, red in thofe with red flowers 
dark green in thofe with yellow flowers , andbrowi 
in thofe with red and yellow flowers 5 thefe ftalk 
fpread into many branches , fet at the joynts with fair green leaves 
betwixt which and the ftalk the flowers come forth on fliort foot 
ftalks. in 

fafliion like thofe of the lefler blew Bind-med. 

bottom,and wide open atthe brims, which in fevcral Plants are of the 
fore-mentioned colours, as white, red, or yeJiow, hut the rareft are 
thofe with variegated flowers, either red and white, or redandyel- 
low: thefe flower§(like thofe of the Bmd-weeds) open in the night and 

foon as the Sun fliines upon 

theraway, fo that they are tobefeen 

the brims flirink inward and 


-J -. 0-, — «Jyin 

and therefore have been called thcflopers of the night • af- 
the flowers are paft^ each of them is fucceeded by one i^td^^ of 


thebignefs of afmallPeafe^ witha fliort neck like a little bottle 
the roots are long like a R addifli, blackiftiontheoutfide^ and com 
m only perifliing in Winter, . L 

^ They flower from the end of ^ul'j , until! Winter check their 

luxury 3 the feeds are fet in the beginning of Afr'tl'in a hot bed , and 
thence removed into fome place where they may have the bencfif of 
the Sun 5 fuch roots as' flower not the iirftyear, being covered 

ill bear fooner the year following and 
of fuch as hat/c born , being taken 


Winter with Horfe 
yield good feeds, and the 

up in the beginning of Winter, laid for a time to dry, and then wrap 
fed feverally in Woollen rags , and fo kept all i\\t Winter, being 
fee in the ground in the beginning of March^ will profper and bear 

flOT\'ers in due feafon -, heretofore this flower hath been rauchcfl-e 
cd, and yet is by many much defired, ^ . ■ . ' 

d I 



k ■ 



\ • ' 

> fc-i 


i, I- 



C H A P.- 




^ook tl\ 

C H 



<Pomim Amoris 

pies ef love are of three forts , the moft common 
hath long trailing branches, fee at the joynts with 
winged rough leaves and yellow .flowers 

fucceeded by Afles , as we call them 

bignefs of an ordinary Crab 


cd on the fid 

pale Oreng 


of the 

d but bunch- 

of a 

watcrifli (limy pulp , wherein fmall feeds are contained 


dieih in W 

Of this kind there is another fort . that diffcreth 

ly in that the Aples are of a pale yellow 

and we have a 

third that is of a Je/Ter k'ud, fmaJJer In aJJ the parts thereof, and bear 

ing many fine round Berries of a bright Oren 

(limy pulp and fmall feeds, as the reft do 


Thefe Plants are received onely for the beauty of the Aples or 
Berries as they are commonly called, the flowers being not confider- 
able^ I'he feeds are yearly fowed in the beginnmg of April^ aridmuft 
be often watered to bring thqm forward , elfe Winter will take them 
before the fruit be ripe, which fcldom^ comes to perfcdion before 
the middle of September, 


*^| mg ' ^ ' 

A -i.*--c--""!,- 






Thlafpi Cretkum. 


Andjitifts are fmall Plants rifing about a foot high, 
withftalks fet with long, narrow, notched, whitiHi- 
green leaves 5 at the tops ftand many fmall fingle 
flowers clofe fet together, which in fome Plants are 
all white, others have a purplifh fpot in the middle, 
and fome are all of a pale purple colour 5 the feeds are 
fmall and reddifh, and the roots yearly periQi, 


They flower in the beginning of ^ulj^ and will thrive in almofl 
any ground, being fowed in Aprilyfiih other annuals. 


cu. xX XXI. 








Lupinm Sativus, 

Arden Lufms are chiefly of four fdfts, the firfl: an 
mcft common is that with yellow flowers , of which 
kind there is another in all things like unto it, but that 
the flowers are white 5 the two other forts are called 
blew Lufifjs\ whereof there is a bigger and a lefTerj 

but thebisscr is much the better 

they bear P^/fp-likeblolTomSj 'of 

a blew colour, with fome mixture of purple and white in the middles 

they are yearly fowed of the Pea[e-\\kc fpotted feeds in >4prj/, wit 
other annuals. Unto thefe may be added the scdrUt Ktd.icy Benny 
now common and well known unto all that delight in iflcwersj this 
grower h taller ^ and rampeth more than any ot the other, twining^ 

about what is near it ; the beauty of this Plant confifts in theflow; 
ers, which in fafliion are like thofe of the fdd ^ean^ but of an ex- 
cellent bright Scarlet colour ^ after the flowers are paft, the Beards are 
contained Tn long codds, which may be eaten green , as other Kidney 
Beans zxt^ which when they are ripe, are of delicate, reddifli marbled 
colour, and fome of them black 5 tfcefe muft be fet before Airily 
^nd where they may have roomj and thtfljenefit of the Sun, „/ 


Lather IPS Lit'tfoUaSi 


^4/<r^i;^/'/4/?/% although it be a Plant of long conti- 
nuance, yet it rs raifed from the feeds, which'being like 
fmall Feafg znd fowed,willbe two or three years before 
the Plants grow big enough to bear flowers , and after 
the roots will continue long , the branches dying to 
the ground in Winter, and rififtg again at the Spring 5 
it beareth many large p^^/^-likeblofTomSj of apurplifli red colour, 
ftanding on long foot-flalks 5 this is commonly planted under Walls^ 
where it may be fupported, for if the Plant be old , the branches wiU 
grow to a great length, and twine with clafpers about what is next it* 

Orohn^ Venetu4. 


Lett everlapng Peafe c'ifaeth from the former, in that the PlanC 
is much fmaller, and the flowers of a Violet purple colour, noc 

, and raifed from feeds* like t&e 

fo common J yet as long lading 






!Book 11. 

CHAP. XXil. 





Nasis, or ISutHn^ are of divers forts, ralfed yearly from 
Peafc-like feeds, only regarded for the vefTels, which 
infome are like a Snails houfe, fmooth rouled up, 
others prickly, fome like fmall Buttons^ and others 
rough and hairy, and of all thefe forts varieties 5 pretty 

for fuch as delight in fimple feedlingsj like unto thefe there are 

> called 


jiterpiHeri, hke the laft, are only efteemed for the kzd VeflTels,' 

— ^vvhicnarelikegreen Worms, or Cater pilars, fome bigger, and 

others leflfer ; the Plants trail on the ground, and muft be fupported; 

the feeds yearly fowed in A^ril^xht common time for moft feedlings. 

Hedyfarum cl-jfiatunu 

He red Satten flower^ vulgarly called, French Hony-fuckle^is com- 
- mon in moft Gardens, it hath many ftalks fet with winged green 
leaves and at the joynts come forth fmaller ftalks, fet with many 
flowers, of a fliining red colour, and in fome white, but more rare or 
feldome found than the red, which is ordinary : after the flowers are 
paft, the feeds are contained in flat round husks, three or four ftah- 
ding one above another^ they flower in ^me and fuly^ the fecoad 
year after the fowing, feed, and dit at Winter following. 

H „ 

^lanU Mimofa, 

TI£e Se»fible plam^zad the JJumbk Plant fiom feeds yearly gained 
out o^ America, and fowed' upon a hot bed, covered with glafles. 

and carefully preferved, will rife 


woody ftalks (ei with fmall 

^ed leaves about a foot high 5 refpeded only for that by touch 
ingtheIeavesofthe5f»/i^/^ you may perceive them to flirink from 
you, and the Humble to^ fall of their own accord, as fenfible of in- 
jury, and difdaining to be handled, the one out of Pride, the other 

"Humility •, they are curiofities fcarce able to requite the care of at^ 
tendance, perilhing with the firft Frofts, and good feeds hardly ob- 
tained, • 

, Ocimum . 

BAfsil is a fwect-fmelling Herb well known unto all, efpeciaily the 
ordinary and common kind, but there are two other forts more 

larc, one called £(tJh-Bafsil^ the other lndia?t Ba^il •, the firfl: of thefe 




Cha^. XXil 

liath rmaller l( 


nicker fet on the ftalks, atld ivveeter tliant 



common kind • the other hath larger leaves, and deeply ciit in on the 
edges, they all perifh at the firft appearance of Winter, and are yearly 
renewed from feeds which are black, and a little long-, 
geft, and the middlemoft the leaftj 

thelail bis 



oram odorata. 

Weet Mar\irom is alfo an annual, as well known as the commo» 

Balfil; of this we have a fmaller kind, called liarjcrom Gentle^ i\i6 

leaves whereofareleflfer, more hoary, and fweeter than thofe of the 
Common kind j thefe are yearly raifed from feeds, fowed mjfrihsiiM 




Oke offerufalem rifeth lip half a yard high, divided Irt many bran- 
ches, fet with leaves deeply cut in on the fides, refembiing art 

Oke-leaf; the feedy flowers grow cluftering about the branches, like 

the bloffoms of the Fit^e 5 the whole Plane is fweet, and dies as fooii 
as the fmall feeds are ripe^ 

^ -. 


Okeo/Cappa^iociankth higher thm the laft, with many crdokea 
weak branches, bearing many tops of mofsie yellowilh flowersj 
the leaves are fomething like thofe oiUugmrt^ dufted asit were with 
tneal all over the Plant, which is of aplea&nt fweet fccrit, and good 
tafte 5 the feeds are round and black, the rootthreddy, and dies irt 
Winter 5 this is the Poets fo much celebrated Jmhrofu^ which irt 
refped of its fragrant fcent, and plcafant tuft^ they feign to be the 
food of the Gods* 




Jnd now the Swains fing HarVeH home] 
'Tis time for CERES to ie gone: 
Her Flowers are pajl, 'tis Seeding time 
Autumnal Fruits are in their prime 

That you may tdjle^ and know the hefl^ 

POMONA bids you to her Feafi, 




A ^ ^ 


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Printed by ^* G. (ot^^chardMkrriott 


and are to be 

Sold ac his Shop in FUeujimt^ under the 

Kings-Head Tavern, 




■ n ■■ 










. ^itL--^ 










Cqualnts you with the fineft Garden-fruics,Vines 
& BerrieSjOur Englifh Nurceres do aiFordjas al- 
fo with fome Flower-bearing TreeSjShrubs,and 
Greens, more familliar than thofe you find in 
the firft book-, with the order that is to be ufed 
in tbeirPropagation^Planting and Improvement, 


Good Gardens are tq be furnl(hed with rare 
Fruits, as well as fine Tlowers-, and although moft perfons of ablHtJ 
it the firft plant their walls with Trees bought out of theNufceries 
about London^ yet it will be necefiary for fuch (as well as others) 
have a Qbarter in the Nurcery, fet with choice Stocks of every kind 
for the raifing of young Trees, that if any of the firft provifion either 
die, or fail to bear fuch Fruits as are defired, their places, out of their 
own ftore,may be fupplied with better -, befides, it is no fraall fatisfa- 
<5iion to a Planter, to be alTuied what Fruits his Trees will bear ; 
therefore beforelproceed to the particulars, to prevent repetition 
the following Rules necefTarily require to be infer ted and firft, 


For the raifing of Stocks for GArde 

of four differ 

he which are to b 

ds, as Affks^ ^inccs^ Plitnts, and Cherries i for 


AffUs that pu may have dwarf-trees fit . for Walls, the ftocks yod 

the Paradife Apple, either raifed from the 

Tovideare t 



mult proviaeare inoieoi me raraatjc jipptej^iu 

Kernels, or from Layers, the branches being as a|Jt 
oiCodlrngs^ in which you may graft what other good Apples you 
defirej but in refpe<5t thefe ftocks (of their own nature) grow ,^.ovYlyj 
have found out another expedient to help them forward, that is* 

by grafting the Cj^^^of the paradife Apple in a Cm^, or other Appl 

fioc hy clofe to the grouod, with one graft, and when that is grown 
the bignefs of a finder, ^raff thereon about eight inches higher, the 
fruit defired, which will flop thf luxurious growth of the tree, almoft 





2 04 

M N J. <BoQk Itl 

as well as if it had been immediately grafted on the forementioned 
Layers, and willcaufe the Trees fCbear fooner^ moae, and better 
fruits* ' 

' —m1 •- 

flocks are eafily raifed, either by Cuttings, or Suckers, of 
which you may have ^reat jftore from one old Tree, by cutting it 
down in i^/ii/'f/;, withm two inches of the ground, which willcaufea 

ude of Suckers to rife from the root 5 when they are grown 

halfa yard high cover them at the bottom a foot thick, with sood 

til, which in dry times muft be watered, and as fooji as they ha. _ 
put fprth roots, in Winter remove them into your Nurcery, where 
in a year or two, they will be ready to graft with Fe^rs for your walls' 
Thefe Stocks (as thofe of the Paradife Jpfle) will caufe the Trees to 
dwarf 5 and not to rife fo high, but that they may be conveniently 
fpread upon walls, which grafted on Pear- [leeks ^ would grow too bi^ 
and fturdy 5 befides the ^ince- flocks caufe the Pears %vz(ttd there- 
on, to be fairer, much Better coloured, and the trees to bear fooner 

and more ftore of fruits. There are feveral forts of ^inces, but 
the beft and fit tefl for this purpofe is that of hrtugal, 

plum- flocks are raifed from Suckers and Stones, choice being made 
ofthekmds ^ thofe of the white Pear-plrm are efteemed the beft 
but mdeed, thofe of any other great white, or nd Plum, that hatiS 
large leaves, and fhoots, are as good, either to graft other choice 
Plums upon, or for the buddmg of Apricocks and Peaches, \ 

Cheny-pcks are alfo raifed from Suckers and Stones-, thofe of the 

ordinary wild bUck cherry are moft commonly ufed to this purpofe 

but Stocks of a better and more agreeable nature may be raifed from 
theftonesofthe^/4^^^^^;^/.C^.',.^^^ j^^^ke, Luke ward, Amher, ^n6i 
Mor(tl0 Cherries ithtSiocksoUm common Englifh red cherries 
are moft ufed for the grafting oiMay or early Cherries^ the MoreSo, 
and indeed any other fort will form trees more fit for walls of ei^ht 
or nine foot high, than the hUck Cherry flocks.whkh caufe the tfees 



The Stones of ^/r/m^/ and i'tf^r^f/ are not worth the fettinsfor 
flocks to inoculate vvith other good kinds, in refpedi their roots are 
fpongy, and will neither laft nor endure to be tranfplanted .- therefore 
the Stones oj Plums and cherries are chiefly for that purpofe to be re- 
garded and dif pofed after the ways followii 




Having provided a good colleift.on of the Stones o{ rims and 
Cbernes, mocJokr prick them down in rows, the (harp end upwards 

ITa ' u' «"§e'l ^«P' i" f ^"^ °f S°°'^ ""h, well turneLp 3n| 
rafted 5 then cover the fame all over with new lone dnn<r to nrp- 

omf,f '^^'u^'"^^'"''/*"' "'"5'"''^ "'f' andin l/„; they 
ome up, and being kept from weeds, in two tears will be readv 

to remove into yoar Nurcery, in rich and well manured gound be- 
fore prepared for that purpofe .• before yo» fet them, cSt off fuch 






moft of them wiJl be ready to graft in the bud , the rlu 
beft ot their own kind, and alfo with Jprkocks and 


I'oots as run down, as alfo the tops and fide branches, plaining ttiem irt 
rows, at four foot diflance, each kind apart, wherein a year or two 

ms.V^kh the 

J . - - 

cherries are only fit to be budded with other good forts of Cherries j 

as for Suckers, thjey muft be fet in the Narcery after the fame man- 
ner, and after they are grown to an inch Diameter, may convenient- 
ly be grafted in the del t* , ' ■ ■ 

I ' ' ' 

Gather your Grafi sf oiplumi^ Ckrries^and Pears^ from the middle 

o^yant4arj jto the fame time in February^ iho^toi A f vies m^y ftay 

iincill ii/4rr^ : choofe fuch as are of two faps, that the old wood to 
the knot may be placed in the flock-, thofe of one years (hoot will 
fcrve in default of the other, but fuch will be longer before they coms 

tobear^ ■ ' • 

Make choice of fUch Graffs as are iirongefi, and take them from 
fuch branches as are apteft to bear, and then fulleft of Fiuit-buds* 
fuch Trees as are ill bearers, or not come to bear fruit, arc to be re- 
jeded , the Grafts always partaking the quality of the Tree from 
whence they are taken : Bind your Grafts in b'mdies, each fort by Ic 
felf, and put them halfway to the tops in earth, untill you ufc them ^ 
keeping an exa(5t account of the kinds, that you be not miftaktn 
in your fruits 5 as for the feveral ways of grafting them, it is to 
be performed with much exadnefs, in manner following* 

I L 

Grafting (as we are taught by common experience) is the artificial 
/placing the Cyen>^ or Gra^t of one kind, upon the flock of another, 


fo as the fap of the Stock may without impediment come to nourii] 
the Graft ^ it is therefore expedient in this operation (the Saps paf- 
fing betwixt the bark and the wood) that they be exa(5i:ly joyned^ 
which is effeded four feveral ways. 

The firft and mofl: known is Jtraftitl^ in the Cleft, Plums and cher- 




becinnins of 


March, and Jpples a fortnight or three weeks after : Firfl: 

if the 

headoftheftockjinafmoothplace, for Wall-trees, within four fin- 
gers of the ground,in StandarcTs much higher, according to the growth 
oftheftock; pare away with your knife the roughnefs the faw hath 
left, then cleave the head a little befides the pith, and put therein 

g wedge of hard wood to keep the cleft open, which cnt frnooth 

L then cut 


withthe point of your knife, that the fides may be 
the Graft on both fides from a knot or bud, ill form of a wed 
length proportionable to the cleft , with (houlderings, which pi 
therein, fo as the Saps may exadly joyn. Laftly, cover the^icad 

withclay well tempered with Horfe-dun " ■ - - 

too lone. 

and leave not the Srafts 

T he fecond way is called Shoulder, or Whip-grafting, fit ofllyfor 

fmaU flocks, and to be performed fome thing later than the formerj 

' firfl 





N A. 



firft cut ofif the Head of the flock, and fmooth It as in Cleft graft 

then cut the Graft from a knot or bud on one fide floping^ about an 
inch and half long, with a Shouldering, that it may reft on the Head 
of the ftock; the Graft mud be cut from the Shouldering fmooth and 
eaven, floping by degrees, that the lower end may be left thin 
place the Shouldering of the Graft upon the Head of the (lock, and 
with your knife cut away fo much of the bark, as the cut fide of the 
Graft did cover, place both together, that their Saps mayexadly 
joyn, then bind them tog( 

the Head as in the former. 


ttier with rufhes^ flags^ or bafte^ and clay 

The third way is called grafting by Approach,by fome Abladation* 
and this is done in y^/r//, fooner or later, according to the ftateof 
the Spring- the manner differs from the laft, in that the Cyeff re- 
mains on its own flock, and the Head alfo on the flock you would 
graft, therefore both mufl be planted together, or in Cafes, that they 

may be fo pofited; the Branches of both (being near of one fize) muft 

be brQUght together, that they may touch each other the length of 
three inches, then cut the joyning fides of both untill you approach 
near the pith, and fit them fo together, that the Saps may exadiy 
meet, in which pofition bind them, and cover the place with fuch 
tempered clay as is ufed in Heading of Grafts; as foon as you perceive 
the Cyerf and flock to be well cimented and incorporated, cut off the 
Head of the flock four inches above the binding, and in Manfj follow- 
ing the flub yoi left above, as alfo the Cye/f underneath, clofe to the 
grafted place, that it may fubfifl by the Stock only : fome ufe to cut 
off the Head of the Stock at firfl, then joyn the Cye» thereunto, after 
the manner of Shoulder-graftine, differing only in not fevering the 
Cjr^w from its own Stock 5 both ways are good, but I have found 
the firfl the more fucccsfuJ. This manner of Grafting is chiefJy afed 
in fuch nice and tender Plants, as are not apt to take any other way* 

2.sOre)iges^ Limons^ Tomgran^ts^Vtnes^Gejfamins^ Altheafrutcx,ztii 

fuch like. 

The fourth and mofl confiderable wav of Grafting of all other, is 

called Inoculating or Buddings the which is effeded by takinp oif the 

Eye or fraall bud which grows betwixt the leaf and th 


Lance, and fo placing it on a fit flock, that it may from thence re 
ceive nutrition agreeable ; and this may fcafonably be done, from 
Midfomer, to the middle of ^'^/^/j, at fuch time as the Sap is mofl in 
the flock, and the bark eafiefl toberaifed ;*the Buds mufl not be too 

young or tender, but taken from flrong weli-erownSi 

fame year, which being cut from the Tree, take awa 



the top and 

half their flalks, by which you may hold the Bads 


when you put them into the flocks • then having made choice of 
ilocKs, according to the nature of your Buds, in a fmooth place make 
' crofs cut thorough the bark of the flock, then from the miMh 

thereof, gently flit the bark thorough, (not wound 


mofl an inch long, then nimbly prepare the Bud, by cutting the bark 

*^n both fides the lensth of the £lit,as much above as below, forming a 



%{ K 

f ' ■ 

Shield or Hfcochcdn, w'itl 
the Bark on the other fid 

the lower eiid 


take off 

fcoop an inch 




the root beh 
cart it away and prepare 

and with a quill, cif t in the fafhion of z 
ke off the Bark and bud dexteroafly , that yod 

' - " "t you fee a hole under the bud on the 

the Shield beirig thus made 



ready, hold It iri your mouth by the end of the ftalk, uhtillwith the 
flat end of your knife you have raifed the Bark of the ftock o(i either 
fide the flit ^ fufficient to receive the Shcild^ vvhichpiit in with care 
between the Bark ani wood, thruftirig it dowri until! the top joyn to 
the crofscut, then bind it dofewith Baft taken oat of a iftffiaMar 
6r Woollen yarn- fo that the btid may fit clofe to the ftock 5 there il 
^nother way more ready than this, which I have long ufed with fuc- 

difteis ortely from the former, in that from the crofs cut. the 

and put in accordingly 


Bark is flit upwards^ arid the Shield formed , ^, 

leaving the end below the bud, longer then may ferve ,• and after .. .. 
thruftupashighasis necefTary, cut off what is fiipcrflitous, at the 
trofs cut, with which the end muft joyn ^ than bind it as the former. 
There are other ways of hacMldti^^^J^at thefe two are theheR^ and' 
the later the more expedite and eafie to be performed, 



T he beft time tO InocuUte is in th e evening of a fair day^ in a dry 

'falling on tbebuds before they have taken, willde- 

ftroy moft of them j after three weeks you may ciit away the bind 
ifig, and in March folbwirig the head of the ftock, three fingers 

above the bud, which being well g 



clofe, that the ftock may 

^ In placing of grafts or bods In ffocls, yoii muft corifider what Trees 

you intend them for^ either ftaridards,or for walls;, and fo graft or bud 
them high or low accordingly 5 as alfo to lodge them on that fide of 
the ftock which is moft expofed to the ftroiigeft winds, to prevent 
their beirig blown out or loofened. 

W hen yciir Grafts^ are grown half a yard high , thofe you find 

tlined to (hoot up 


pinch off their terfder tops 


prevent their mpuHting ,' aridcaufe them" to put forth fide-brani- 
ches •, in March following, pturf* away thofe are fmall,and what yoii 

Jnd fuperfluous, cutting the long lances cldfe behind a bud 
always to be obferved in pruning. 


if the ground of yoiir Nurcery be good, and kept from' Weeds b 


often turning, moft of thefe Grafts (efpecially the -ftone- fruits) 

be ready to trahfplant within a year 

but PearszndAjfpli 

grafted oh tbeforementioned ftocks, to form Dwarf, or wall- Trees j 
rowing flowly, require more time^ and not to be removed untiil the 

ocks 4ife covered.' 

The beft.time to tranfplarit arid fet Trees; is about the middle o 
O^Qhr^ which muft be carefully taken up, that the roots be not cue 

dr broken^ but befqre they are fct, you oiBcftcut off fucbrws ai 







k. m. 

tun down, antl the ends of thofe you find too lortg, a§ alfo moft of 
the fmall thieds where they grow too thick. Which done, the ground 
and place where they are to be planted being prepared, and wide 
holes opened, raife a fmall hill in the centre thereof , whereon fee 
your tree, opening and fpreading the roots round about it -, then co- 
ver them with the beft earth, ari3 fliake the tree that the roots lie not 

hollow, treading it down to faften them; ^^ 

Standards all know' 


be fet upright, but if naturally they 

lean any way, .let it be towards South- Weft, from whence th 
ftrongeft winds commonly proceed 5 thefe muft befupportedwith 
ftrongftakes, that they be not toflfed, but kept upright : wall-trees 

be placed at fuch diftance 

^nd moft conveniently fpread and nailed thereunto 

ey may be leaned to the 

The beft time to plafli, prune, and nail trees,is In J'e^/«4ry, after the 

great Frofts are paft, except Peaches and Ne^orins. 

before the vidnQ of t h e fap, are apt to dye after the k 

and deform the Tree, therefore fuch rauft be left untill'they be^ 
put forth buds and blofToms. Spread the boughs and branches'upon 

which bein^ w«u 
nife,and fo ftump 

the walh like the ribbs of a Screen fan 

the fingers of your hand 

difplayed, and let not one crofs the other, leaving no place bare , 
fuch as will not come handfomely to the wall, muft be cutofFclofe 
totheftock, and the ends of the fmall branches, clofe behind a leaf 
bud • and in Sommer when they put forth new wood , rub off fuch 
bads, as growing may deform the Tree ^ after Midfomcr yoMmwO: 
give your Trees a fecond pruning, by cutting away the new lances, to 

Sun and Air to the fruits, to caufe them to ripen, and be well co- 

onred. The pruning of Trees dependeth much on the difcretion of 

the Operator, who is to confider the growth of every Tree, and what 
may moft conveniently be taken away, without leaving the walls too 
tare. The well and feafonable pruning of Trees in bommer 



caufe them to fet thick with Fruit-buds, and bear plentifully-, and if 
too many, cut off the fmalleft, leaving fo many as the Tree may be 
well able to nourifh and bring to perfection. 

■ ■ 

^There are many other obfervations about fruit Trees jbut thefe i 
ferted are the moft effential, which together with what you'will End 
the end of every Chapter , where each particular is defcribed , 
be fufficient to inform all fuch as defirc to be Planters , be fides thefr 
own' pradice will every year inform them. Experience being the beft 



, I confefs I might have fparedp^rt of this pains", by referring the 
Readers unto two little Books, long fince written m French^ and 
now lately tranflated into EngUfh^ and fome others good in their 
Kmds5yetinrefpeaofus,and our Climate, very deficient (as all I 
mve feen arc) which defers I have endeavoured to fupply, and ^^ 
make this work as abfolute as I was abl 

particulars, as well as the orderof their propag 

directing the choice of 



N A. 

Ckf. I. 

Thei^z-f/zf^Gai'dener givesusthennmes of a multitude o^ Pears 
Sftd other fruits about Paris, but nothing to direcH: our choice, fo that 
if any Qiould be defirous to obtain fome of the beft from thence, he 
might eafily be miftaken, having no better a Guide than a bare name 
10 dired hirn V indeed, for good fruit we need fearch no further than 
the Nurccries about Londm , which are now abundantly furniflied 
with many e^tcellent varieties in every kind , which may be had with 
little labour and fraall charge j and in refpe^ ev'ery one that defires to 

3 or perhaps the knowledge which forts 
to be colleded , either in relation to 

Plant, hath not experience 


y kind 


their goodnefs, the foil, and fituation of the Gardens where they are 
to be planted, I lliall therefore endeavor by the following papers, to 
give t ne beft diredions I am able, and acquaint you with what I have 
havned in fourty years pradice, and firft begin with Jf^Us, 


- ^ 

G H A P, 

* - 


pplcs are fruits fitter for Orchards than Gardens, ytt 
fome choice kinds may conveniently be planted in large 
Fruit-Gardens, either in Buflies, or on North- walls, 
which ought not to be left naked -, thefe Apples well 
___^__ ordered J will not onely cover the walls with fair green 
leaves, but alfobear ftore of good fruits j the fitteft for this purpofe 
are thofe that follow. 

rhe ^uniting is afmalT, yellovv, red-/ided J^pUj upon a wall ripe 
in the end of J-nne, 

' rk KingA^fte Is as early rip^ as tfie laft, bigger and much be: •/) 
ter taftedi 

rhe Margaret^ or MAgdakft ^^/'/'/(f, is a fair arid beautiful fmit^yel- 
loWi and thick ftriped with red^ early ripe^ of a delicate tafte, fweec 
fcent" and beft eaten oiFthe tree, arid therefore moft fit for a wall. 

The Famaguftd is a fair, large, early Apple, good in tafte ^ and apt 


The Gpnt Apple, although it have large flioots and leaves^ yet is 

iiot apt to grow to a great Trec^ and therefore fit for a wall 5 the fruit ] 
is ^reat, and long, yellow, and well tafted, ^nd, cither to coddle, or ' 

bake in Tarts, the moft excellent of any Somer Apple, 

-. ■ 

The ^codmitfemfeis thelargeft of all the .ipples Ihive feeri, 

a^reenifli yellow colour, and good for the purpofes laft mentioned 










Sook III 


hme de Rmhures is a fait large French Affle , and makes a noble 
llievv upon a wall. 

The Winter ^ening is a fair red-ftriped Apfle^ beautiful on the 
Tree, and excellent in itsfeafon, it fucceeds incomparably on the 
ParJifeApl>U^ast\\tColvie!e^ and all other forts of X^eeningsdo^ 

The ^tnce-A^fle is a fair fmooth ytWo'^ Affle , fomething like t 
§uinct^ of a very good tafte, and^ on the faradijc Affte^ bears more 
and fairer fruits than on a Tree flock. 

The ted kujfet is an excellent Jppte , of a middle fize, and long 





The roUnd RH(jet Uarvy is a fair brown-coloured, good tafted J^^le, 

and bears well. 


The Carlile IPi^ftn is an excellent good tafled Winter Affe, 


The BridgewAter Pifftn is alfo a Very good Afp^et beautifull to the 
cye,and pleafant to the palat^ ' 


The linedln Rennet is reputed ^to be the beftof all the Rennets^ 
f whereof there arc many forts. 


I The Nonfuch is a middle fized, round, red-firiped Apple^ of a deli- 
cate tafle,and long lafting. 

The Royal Pearmaw is a much bigger, and better tafted A^^le than 
the common kind. 

The Kirton Piffih is a ruffetifh yellow, very good Winter A^^le, 
(^0 no further Is fomething like zpearmain^ but better and longer 


- The Darling is a large Gold yellow Apfle^ of an excellent quick, 
fomething fiiarptaft, and bears well; ,- 

- ThT Angels Bit IS a delicate tafted A^ple, and much efteemcd in 


There twenty feveral forts of Apples are all choice Fruits, arid 
grafted on the Paradije i^^/>/<r according to the precedent diredions, 
may be fit for Walls, or Dwarf hedge-Trees in large Fruit- Gardefls. 
There^are many other good A fi>tes , proper to beplanced at large m 

Orchards, which are out of my Province. 







C/;4/. IL 

:S.Q li 



^ -^ ■ ' \ ' » ~- 

» ■ 

I f;V) 

• ^ 

•^^i'il Or" ' .-. . L fwog ;, i-i 

4 '^'^t^ 


\ r 

* r'j'f 

» » » 


*-• ■ -^ .^ 

• ^ ft'? 



r « 


l2i-^M*l t^vn^'i^'JkT 

^ - 


t?oo3 3o^'(^^i huoB ^m 

'*' * 

-' jc 

..4 "iiJU. -'Jlj,J 


7 i^Y r. 61 \%\^ w 7^ %iT 



Ears In JFrnnce are preferred for Walls , before a 
other fruits, and would be fp' in England r \^ we 

thebeft and fitteft kinds ,' and alfo their dil^eace 
in planting and drcfsing them | no? are we fo defi- 
cient in this fruit, but tha^ our Nurceries ^boflc 
London afford us jnany e;ccelk»t kinds^ fit for. this 
purpofe, as " . "\ \ 

T' *-"■ r-» 

b3 ft n 3 


rhe Somcr kn chri^ien^ which is a fair Urge y^How ?€^f^^ lei 
on one fide, well tafted, ripens and bears plentifully upori'ai W^U,r:c - 


The great Bftrgomt^ or: If am'denf JBur^omety ^^ 

Ifooneftripe, of all the Somer Burgomots ^ aix .Excellent ixm^'mi 
bears well on a wall* 


%. ■ 

7he Ortngt mr gemot is a found, fliort-ftalkcd,deep ydlow P^4>^tid 
very fit for a wall. 




/ IJcri is an excellent Vnnch Pear , iq fliape like a Urgitmti 

and of a delicate perfumed tafle 


- y 


de R^yls another good French Pear^ ofa dark brown, CQloOrj 


form, and very good tafte 


- -,'--^ 


rhe ^rtcn Boeun Pur is bigger than the laft ^ of i yellowifli green 

great bearer, and a very goiod moifl fruit 

1 c 

^ r 

• 4 ^4*^ 

r/^^ri(?/^/ff4risafairlargc welltafted fruity and bears very well 

on a 



" The Bhptd Peari now called th^Dove-Pear^ Isi fail Urge/goo* 
fedr and bears well. / 

* ■ ' 

: rhe Greenfield Pear is alfo a very §ood fruit , and mUcb fairer c^ * 

wall than 




. The great Musk Pexr is an excellent fruit, large^ yellow 
Musky noble tafle. . ' l ' ' 

rhe great Ruffet of Rmcs is a very great brown Pear 
well in a SJlJ^ce ftock 

of gr 

arid thrivej 

^A r^^^iU 









N J. 

lEook III 

^Amadoiie is a good French Pear^ of a middle fize, yellow, dry, and 
,well tafted. 

The hhudy Pear is fmall, brov(n on the ou 

in^ a curiofity not to be wanting. ^'^^^ 

tfide^ and bloud red with- 

7he Rcufellet is a very good 'taft^d middle fifed Somer Tear^ as all 

the former are. 


T 3r; ':"*"h\i. Hi i*^:. 

f « 

sw 'Thf^jvhtifJm'Chrepeiik^^^ Pear^^iM^ when in perfe<fli- 

t^ff, rf^tfeep yellow colour^ knid red on the fide next the Suii 5 of 
•this there are feverai forts, but thebeft is-fhat called jBon Chreftien 
^•Psri f^t requires to be Grafted in a ^m'ce ftock, and Planted on a 

ScMith wall, which it will deferve^ for it is afl excellent Fruit, well 
tailed, and long lafling. : , ' 

. ■% 

'T^f 1*^4/7 is.alfo a very large gr'eenifli Winter P^dr, and requires 
aSoufhwall. \ ^ 



^r.kDea^Mans JPear iS of a middle fize, and good tafte^it bears yid\ ' 

and Ms untill c:/^;'//?^?^/ * - ■ : ' * 

r^^ i\?<7»-/»fi> is an excellent large moiftff^A". and Ms as well as 

the. form 

- n 


I _/w 


The Winter Musk is a larse 

ta/le, and long 'lading. 

ge, round, red-fi.ded yellow Penr^ good in 

:Dhmct is alfo a large R uffet Winter fur, and fit to be Planted 


Ih pouhlcJlcmndpHr, fo called, for tha t the flowers' confift of 
two rows of fearev the Fruit is of a middle fize, of a good taffe k 

Its feafon, which is from the beginning of March to the middle 

01 May. 

There are feveral good forts of fr^ri,^,, and fo^Wp^r., proper 

ivltli''""^A ^'""fi^'^^'t"'^ ^^^Sr^^' SHrrem, with many others = 

Sd?n'w , ^"7^°^' r/ 8°°'' fruits; and worthy to be 
Planted on Walls and Trees of them may be had ont of the Wur- 
^Uiizhoru London, efpecially thofe of Mr. Daniel Steptinr sai 

m o^Wkldf'? "'°r^"? '^i'hftllyfcmih Inch as defiffie "or 
rTof ftht^l °T "if'' V 'i'/"''"' °^ ^^''"'■^ Fidelity in the deli've 
Inult^^f' '"" '■=«' long experience m divets particulars ; ; 

vertue not common to men of that profefsion. . 





tkp. ///. 



N J. 


I J 


HAP. ill. 

- ' 


//^^/^zf^ is of fome variety, differing chiefly fconi 
each other in the fruits, tbemoft common i-s 


The Bnglifh Jp^U-^ihce-tra^^ this Is full of 
Burs and Biihches, the Fruit unequal, covered 

with a white Cotton before it. be ripe, but theri 
yellow, of a harfii tafte, arid oft^n ftony, ] 

,■ The P^ortHgd Apple ^./^f is a large fruit, yellow, and apt to be 
full of chops, fo tender that it may be eaten raw. 

The Portugd Pear-^ 


either to bake or preferve 

Pcarfa/Iiioaed, andyel 

The Barherry S^nce is as good as the Portugal^ but IcfTer, both 

the tree and fruit 


ry^f Z/W/^/;/^^ is fair, large, and of a deep yellow colour, the 
fides ribbed, with a deep hollow crown. 


The Brftnfwick ^hce is a good fruity large, round, and whiter 
than any of tlic former. 


Thcfe ^nces are eaflly raifed by Suckers, Layers,orCuttlngs,as 

liath been faid for the raifing of ftocks 

rper beft 


foil and bear much better and fairer fruits, ifplanted on a wall : yoa 

may graft one kind upon another, and fuch grafted a:ces will foofl 


bear abundantly 









» B 






AfO N 

mok 111 




^ -L 



K^ C^^^rj Tree is of divers kinds, differing both 
in leaves and fruits ^ fome have fmaH leaves and 
ihorte.-ftalked fruits, others large, long leaves, 
and long-flalked c/y^ma; the firft of thofe with 
fmaller leaves we call » 

The Mdj cherry^ wbicfi differs from the com- 
mon kindjin that the C^fm^iwillbe ripe in May^ 

/) Fhnders Cherry is bigger and fweeter than the common 



fjglilh cherry y and tarlier ripe 

The later Flanders Cherry differs from the laft, in that the 'Cy^<f 

: bigger, of a (harper taft, and later ripe. 



The Flanders chfter-cherry differs from both the former, m that 
the cherries grow on the ftalks in clufters, two, three, and fometiraes 

jnorejoyned together, and fome ftalks will have but one. 

I ■ 


The great hearing^ ov freferving Cherry^ is like in the Tree to the 
later FUnders \ the Cherries are large, of ablackifhred on the outer 
fide when ripe, and bloud red within, of alharp taflc, and late ripe 

but bears abundantly. 

3C?t>-'5':-,. -■ '■;"^- 

ft -L^i^^k 



. TheUmRo cherry is like the hft, but bigger, better tafted, and 
no very good bearer, • ' 

■ JP^ 

f < 

The Arch' J^nhes C^^rr^ Ts a very good early ripe cherry, well tae- 
fted, and on a wall bears well, . ^ 

The carnation C^^rrj is as big as the laft^ of a bright fhining red 

and good tafle 

T^rZukeward cherry hath larger and longer leaves than any of the 
former, the fruit fairer, with long flalks, early ripe, and well tafted. 

The black Iteart- cherry is a fair, large, blackifli red cherry, in 
taflefweet and good. 

7 he black Cherry of Orleance is a very fair, large and good fruit. 

The black Spanifh cherry is of the fame dark red colour with the 

two former, rounder, not fo big, but very well tafted. 






. ^ f M 6 K A. 

jhe Bleeding Heart Is a large bloiidy dark fedCherryjaad taftes well; 

Trine e Rojdl is a large late- ripe Cherry, good to preferve; 

fortugal cherry is a good friiitj and very apt to bear. 
Ths Kings chrrj is a Jair, large, arid very good Cherry 



The Corone Cherry liatli large leaves^ bears few Cherries, but thdj^ 
good and great, of a dc^f red toldUr ofl the outfide, and pal^r ;ed^ 
within. . ' 

The Siquar Cherry Is as ill a bearer as th6 lafi, the Cherries are falr^ 

6fa pale red 


and rpotted with vvhit 


'^ The white Shan't [h cherry hath great long leaves and large Chexriesj 
white, arid a little red drithat fide next the Sun. 

'^ ry^^f^^^^^rC^^f^-rjhathvcry large leaves, and fair Amber -colour- 
ed Cherries, iweet and good; 


Theredkem-cherr^ Is riot erteemed for that It groweth too much 
wood, and bears but little fruit. 

The JJungirim Cherry sfZrverts^^o much commertded by Mr 
tin(on. doth in no refpedl anfwer his defcriptiori 

iiary ill-bearing Cherr 
before mentioned, hat 
ed by Mr; Farkinfon) 

and now riot at all efteemed ; btic Mr, Girle 
N Cherry,' (\\'hich perhaps is that intend- 
hijch he received by the'ftrange riame of 

Cflic^i nirrielem ' the Tree in" leaves, bnds and (hoots, much 
nbletli the Vukes cherry, and the frriit ;s reported to be ev 

will manifef^ 

big as an 


the verity whereof a little time 


^he Bmrfcherrj is of two forts 


% ■ 

having the fmall branch 

hac^iitg do\\ 

thofe of the other more ere^j^ the firft bearetha 

fruit of the other is' a little bigger grid 

rroall round red Cherry,^ the 

. Thefe are tfievarietie^fcWmi our Nurceries afford 5 thebeft 
of which for Standards are the M^rlj and Lmr FUnJersChefrtes.ihe 
Great Bearer,znd fome that want walls fo handle the Dukeziid c^ne^ 
tm Cherries: thofe with large long leaves are not at all fit for Sm- 
aards, but muft be fpread on Walls : the Bmrf Cherries aij coramori- 

ly grafted on ordinary Cherry ftocksy and kept low in bufbes; : 




tttA P. 

• ^ 








M N A 

Sook 111 


H A P* 


■■ * 

He ft urn -tree Is of divers forts, differing In the {boots 
and leaves from each other, whereby many of them 
may be diftinguifliedj but chiefly by the fruits, which 

are^of fever al colours, forms, and tafles ; fome early 
ripe, others later, and all commonly known by par-" 

ticular names,, whereby they may be ealily colki^led; w^will begin 


The red primordial flurn Is of a middle fize, fafhioned like a Tear^ 
with a round headj and fmaller towards the ftalk, of a red colour, 
good lafte, and early ripe, 


, *The blue pmordiAti Fhwisinfbape like the Ja/1:, fomething lef- 

fer, of a Violet-blue colour, good tafte, early ripe, and a plentifal 

The Amherfrimordiart Ttum is a round yellow wateriih Plum, Hot 
worth the planting. 


The Morocco Thmls a large, round, early- ripe black Plum, aiid ve- 
ry apt to bear, < 

The Sarherry-pttif^is2L\3xgeGSix\Y black Plum, ofthefafhion of an 

E^ge, and tbe Tree apt to bear, '- 

• . The hUck Damofme is an early-ripe good- tafted Plum, bigger than 
sz Damfon^m^ bears well in a Standard, 


The Violet- f turn is fo like the laft, that it is onely to be difllnguifh-' 
ed by the tafte, that of this being of a more quick and pleafant relifli. 


The green D4w<?/^r/W,»as ourNurcery-men call it, is a fine 
fmall, round, and ever-green Plum, with a fmallftone, and of a good 
lafte, not fo early ripe as any of the former. 


r^ePr«»e//4 is a fmall white Plum, of a tart (but not unpleafont) 
tafte: an excellent fruit either to dry or preferve. 


The black Prunella is not fo fliarp in tafte as the white, and ferves 
fitly to the fame purpofes. 

L I 

Thegrten o{lerl]-fhm Is round, green, of a middle lize, and reafo- 

nable good tafte. 





chap.r. ^ M N 

/ The Mufcie-plum is a fair [and fomething long black Plum^well- 
tafted^and a good bearer, ' ^ . 


thercd Mufclc-^lum is like the laft, buclefferi flatter^ ani of 

dark red 

T/&rf Catahma-flum is like the ^/^c ^ Mftfcle-^lttm^hut bluer^ rounci 
and of a quicker tafte. 

"tfn * J_ --^ 

'If > 

r^^5tf/^/>Wisofamicidle fize. blacL flat on the one fide, anil 


^ xAau WA4^kil\. WliW iJLU^^ 

■*' t:! '* 



7"^? chefien-pkm is lolig and large, of a dark red colour, and very 

good tafte. 



: JheK'm^s PlttmlszRne middle-fized good^tafted red PlurHj and 
bears well on a Wall, but not on a Standard. ^^ • 

f The ^en-moth erjlum is a fine-tafted round red Pjam, and a 
good bearer, ^' - " '. 

, f rhe Dialer d f//»»»ispale yellow, marbled, aad a fair firm Well-^' 

The MarhUdPlum is iniliape like the Chepon-flum^ yellow, marb- 
led with red, and when full ripe all red ^ a firm good fruit. 

The Damafco-flum is an excellent long middle- fized reddi/h Plain, 

. . A . '' 

J ■ 

* j'o^^r/w^i&W-p/ww Is in faihion and colour Something Kkethctaft 
andavery good truit,- _ 


!r)&^ hlue ?erdrig6n is like a fm;ill Ddm[on^hni fboner ripe,and mac/i 

better tafted. 



-. . - ^ 

T/^^ greeft Terdngen is bigger and rounder than the laft, green oi 
the ©lit fide, and well tafted, 


« r 

' Ti&<r »)^/>f Peirigon Is fomething bigger than the laft, but tiot fq 

good a fruit, . - . - 

, Ti&^ ji/4;rH^j is a middle-fized white Plum, of an excellent g 
tafte,and much efteem* . 


The rerdoch is a large ihining green Plum,and dnely fit to prefer?^^ 
jfor which parpofe it is very goo 

-turn _ r 

The Fcach'fum is a long whitilh,fomcthing late,good^taftedPluixi;! 



L J 




- •* 




M N J. moKIll 


'Tie mpfriai Plttf» is of two forts, one long^ the otlier round, 
both large red waterifli Plums^ but the round is the better. 

:Th Gam Plum is a greatPear-fafhIoned,moifl:,fwcet tafted redplttm. 


^ the Dennie Plum is fomething like the M4rt led- jflum^ but lelTcr, 
and later ripe, yet a good " 

.r^ i 

* * 

The Ttirky Plum is a great, long^ black, late ripe, "but a good taftcd 

dry Plum. ; : . .-^' 

_ >^L> 


' The Peafcod Plum is of three forts, one red, another white^ and the 
third green,all long, late-ripe, waterifh Plums^ the red is the beft, and 

the green the biggeft. 

^-^ hi tvh in D At e is a great whitifh^rcjfw ^hvi^ xyi a haffli waterifli 
tall, and late ripe. « ' ' ■■ -m ' - 

' The yellow z>atc is a long ycf^tv plnfff, iind much better ta&d than 

the white. 

7*ffre^i)4?f is a fair, large, long Plm^ of a fine red coiour, and 
better tailed than the yellow. -. i . 

The whhe Tenr-fhml^ little refpedled for the fruit, whi^h*^' four 

and feldome comes to be ripe, butefteemcd only for Stocks to gra 
other ^ good fruits upon,. 

T/'rrf^i»i4r-P/«w is of no better efteem than the common white 

r * ' * 


T^ff^/4r^P-f4r-;'/*»is thebeilofthethree^fomething \ui ripe 
butagoodtafleddryPJura,^ , *■ 


T5<r ft/r/zV^- vfhhe Pear-plum is much better than the comm on kind 
and will be ripe and reafonable good in the end of Augufi, 


« ' 

ycllmjh pi 


z magnum^ or the Dutch Plum, is a very o 

plum^ and, according to the name, is gooS 


as g 

W 1 

The Apriceck Plum isagreat waterifli ilUtzHQd tPhhiJhyeUm Plum, 


^he Nutmeg ¥Im is of two for ts the moft common, a fmall dark 
red late Plum^ the other faftiioned like a Nutmeg, and white late ripe 
but reafonable good. . > t 9 

iMi. -urn. -J ■* ■•' 

I ' 


ThePruhe Damfen is bigger and better than the common kind 
good fruit to dry cJr preferve. . 



TheMirahilmlsohvJO forts, one red, the other white- the Trees 

«pt to ^row m wood, but feldome bear any fruit, and therefore 
ftcemed. ' ^^^ 




Chdp. VI 

The beft and biggeft of thcfe Plums 

walls, and ^n Pallifade hedges, 

{he Fruit buds from Chriftmas to ^friL 

Vvhich if not carefully prevented, will 

M K A. 

planted oa Eaft, or Weft 

the other will bear well in Standards 5 

often picked oflfby Birds^ 

' ate yoiir expe-i 

fooa fruft 

• * 


C H A Pi VI. 


'*-"?:-■" -^ 

. ^ 



}^dh Jrmeniacajtye pKiecocia, 

He Ajfricock^ efpecially the common fortjis known unto 
all, but we have feVeral better kinds wherewith li 
concerns every ingenioas Planter to be acquainted, 
and therefore to be dcfcribed: we willpafs by the com- 

mon fort,' and beg in with the jSrft ripe* 


rheAlgier Africock is Iclfer In all the parts than the coriimoa 
idnd ., the fruit is fmall, round and yellow, ripe^a moneth Or more be* 
fore the other kinds-, the tree is tender, and impatient of long frofts, 
from which (in the more isiortherly fcituation) it recjuires with Mats 

to be defended. 


The Mafculine Alrhock hath thinner and fmoother leaves thaa 
thofeofthe common kind, the friiit larger, better, arid foooerripc, 
but if the Tree be not well ordered, unapt to bear. 

Up* ■ f •** n ■' -^ ■» <i 

rhelcng Apricock differeth chiefly from thclaft, lt\ tWt the fruic 
is longer, and of a paler yellow colour. 


fhe white Jpricffck hath the leaves folded- feldome opening 5 
froit is leflfer whiter, and better than that of the common klna^ 


rk Orenge Apricock is fomethirig likd the ordinary fojrt, only the 
fruit Is fairer, roander arid better, of a deep yellow colour, and good 



Great Roman Aprkock is bigger ih all the parts than any of the 
former t he fruitalfo bigger than that of any other kind, and excel- 
lent to preferve; JL' ' ' ' 


• r 

fify faifed, being apt 





/W flock; thofc that have thelargeft Shobts, leaves, and Fruits, ar 
fitteft for this purpofe, as alfo for budding of Peaches^ and for graft 
ina other good forts of F turns -, J{r hocks require to be planted on 
S.^th wall, and to hb often pruned, being apt to grow m wood,- aad 
therefore the Midfomer Pruning, a5 w< 




11 as the W inters, is not to be 








N A. 


■^H -• 


,■/ ' r - -•- r- ^^, »^ -^--V— ^* . r -■ 



V Ir 

Af^/.z Terjlca. 

He Peach fr(e is as well known as the Africocky 
and needeth no dcfcription '• the Peaches are of 
divers forts, fome early ripe, others late; the 
Early mo|t eftcemed^ the other with us feldom 
coming to perfeftion : fome are foft and tender, 
coming clean from the ftonej- others hard and 
^t{[yf^ obftinately cleaving thereunto. I fliall 
endeavour to give you an account of all the beft 
our Nurceries now afford, which are many more, and much better 
than formerly v^crs: kftown, beginning with the Early kinds, ' 


The mtmeg V each gx(yviti\i not to fo large a Tree as moft of thofe 
which iollowj It is oftwo forts, the firft ripe, is fmall and white, the 
other a-little bigger, and red on the fide next the SoQ,bGflLgood ta- 
fted fine Fruits. . . / . '■-,.. 


Jhe Troy Peach groweth to a fairer Tree, the fruit much larser. red 

ibrm er, 

fide, well t aft ed. and almoft 


early ripe as the laftdf the 


■ - 

7ke Savoy Peach is the next ripe, the fruit is fair, of a rcddifii yellow 



Modena is an excellent PcAch^ of a yellowifh 

from the ft 

and comes 

» r 

- h 


< i 



Orlca^ce red Peach is a fine fruit, and leaves the ftone 

** * 





Morellofeach is afair red-fided fruit, and parts from theflone.. 
Navar Peach is of a whitifti colour, and comes clean from the 


»- r 



Ithe Magdalene Peach little differeth from the laft 
Mtfj^es is a fair yellow Peachy and leaves the ftone. 




y'teUt Urn \. Peach is red on the outfide, and tlie flefh yellow. 
' rkt Perjian Teach is i fair yellow feach, btit cleaves 10 the ftone. 

\. - 

The white Menjieur is a ^tiz early ripe Peach 






Chap. Vil 

M N 



sUuJj Mm ftcur a ved within and without, a beautiful Pedd, 
Burdeauk is a large f f;?^^, dark yellow, and red at the (lone, 
r^r^;?^ is a very good red Feaeh, 

Smyrna is a very g ood yellow" Tedch, 
RamhovHlet is a good dark yelloW FeAchi 


P^4(r/j' di Pavk 1$ a good yellow P^ack 

5/4;9r Pf4t^ is a good yelloW large Peach, 


Friers Peach is an excellent fruiti 


f ■ • 

i ^ 

CrtfB'/? Peach Is a fair frUit, aiid ripe witk the Neivw^Uji 

Billige Penh is fomething like the Newirtgton, 

- r 

^ ?'/^^ N^mngtQn i$ aft old ?f4r^ Well known , the fruit is falf, of X 
greenifli white colour, and red on the fide next the S,ufl. ' i 

r The ^eenifeach Is as well known as tide laft^ it is large and good 
ofaieddifljyellc^colouvontheoutfidej : 


L>f \^ i ^ 

ifaheSa Teach is of a fair reddiih yellow colour, and good tafte 


' *- 

- ' r^ 

-I » ' I 

' ^- TT ■ -Y 

^ ^ •% 

t 1-* 



t > 


.'Vhtei MfifcAth a fine Violet-coloured good /'^4<:J& 
CcUrane Peach is a good red f ^^^^i^* 

fc ,p 


A- V-' 

•tf * 

ir^«;*^/r Peach is a fair yelloW Peach, 

Mf4*f P64ch is a good haellow well tafted fniit. 



Jkf/^iJ& P(:*ff^ is a large i*ood^tafted beautiful fruit. 

» I 

j22/^^'^ jP^4«/& is fomething of that faihion, yelloW andgooi 

J \ 


Portugal Peach is ah old good reddifh yellow Pe^hj^ 

v **-*"- 

i/rv^ff Peach is the fame wi th the Ifavar Puch^ 



Teach de^ot is yellow fpotted with red* 

"■■■ I '. * -, , , ^ *" 


- itf y^/ pi^r)^ is large like the S^m Pen^h^xd at the j[tone,ancl ripf 

with the nmngun 












!Book Hi. 

Thefeare all good p^4ckj5 but the moft rare are , the rvhite Nut- 

pfeg, iht OrleafJCe^ Modena, Savoy ^ MorcRo^ Violet Mtisk^ Surdeaux^ 
SiBice^ jfaheHa^ and the Eoyal Teach, 




< ¥ 

TSLnc'qe rjlca . 



ffe Neiiorine is fo like unto the PeacK Ih the Tree, 
that it cannot be diftingulihed but by\he Fruit, all 
Peaches being Downy on the outfide, and moft of 
them bigger than Ne^orines^ which are fmooth 
and roundj and, before they begin to ripen, much 
like unto a green Wallnnty but after of feveral co- 
louis, fomeofthem of a more delicate tafte, and 
all of a firmer fab/lance than the Peaches^ tht moft common is 


The green jV^^^^r/V^, of whichthereis a bigger and a lefTer^ the 
later not worth the Planting, the other is bigger, always green on 
the outfide, of a firm and fomething hard fubftance, and raw tafte, 
unlefs fully ripe. . 




''iheHtlloVD Ne^erhe is alfo of two forts, one fniall and comes clean 
from the ftone, the other bigger but not fo good, both on the out- 
fide are of a Gold yellow colour. 

f * 

The white Ne ^orl fie is 2shiS, as the greater yellow, white on the 

outfide, anda lit^tle red towards the$un, no better rafted than the 


The Paper-white NeBorine is fomething lefter than the former, but 
more beautiful, and better tafted; ^ . 

The fainted Ne^orhe is as big as the fir ft white, full of red fpots, 
and of a good tafte. 


.1 —^ 

The red P^oman NeBorine hath the fruit fairer and better tafted than 
moft of the former, ofa fine red coloui- on the outfide^ and near the 
ftone, of a Musky fweet fcent, and delicate tafte. 

. lb 

The red Ne^orinethzt comes clean from tlie ftone, is an excel- 
lent fruit, like the former, but, for that it leaves the ftone, more 

The Murrey NeBorine is bigger and rounder than the lafi, of a yel 

lowifh colour, fhadowed over with dark m'urry purple, firm,and Tome 


hard, not fo good as the Roman 


M N 

Chap. mi. 


The Tarn J NcBorine is as red as the laft on the outllde, firm, and 
yelfow within, an excellent fruit. 

>r A v • 

7he Kfiffet Ke Serine is i good fruit>of abrowa or rulTec-colour 
on the oucfi Je, and red at t he ftonc. 

The Orhine N^Morine is fomething like the laft^ but redder on the 

fide, and well tafted. - . ■ , ... 

/ * 

The beft of thefe Ne^omes arc the red^orfiarf^ the MHry;^^ and 

;ne Tdrvn^ N chorines* 


111 ' ■'? •! 


Thebeft forts of P^4<r^^^5iNre(;'?^ri/;^j,and olher fine Fruits^PIower- 
ing ShrnliSj^d Wiptei: Greens, maybe had of Mr. George Ktckits 
"ot Hogfdcn before rem^ml^cred 


L I 

J, q . . - V T 

> " i . - . T > 1 

p^4fy^fiandisrf«5?tfA^;^^}are'raifedby 7;7^c«/'4f/^^ the Buds in g 

p//^;w-ftocks, fet in richgroto^rrtet ritt^'may^Sotf^ in $2^ 


the Stocks be weak and dry, the Buds will not hold. The beft Neat 
rincs are to be in oeuUted .into zn J^ricock.^ndfo are the beft Pea 

■ches -efpecially the Early kinds , forwhich purpofe you muft _ 
^/../Wi of the common kind, budded as low as you can, that after 
oneyearthey maybe /;;..«/4/.^ again aiopt higher with the beft 
i'. J./, and efpecially iV.^.ri;^.., Thefe fruits are alfo raifed from 
Itones fet in o.^p^.r. but many kinds areapt to degenerate , betides, 
the Trees are not only impatient of removal, but ot Icfs continuance, 
and worfe bearers than thofe budded on the lorementioned Stocks. 

Peaches and Neamnii ave mote «n<5*t Am JPricccks, and the 

fruits require more Sun to ripen them, therefore thev muft be Plan- 
ted onX hotted wall, and that which hath the Sun longeft uponit : 
!hev muft not be pruned in Winter, thewood beinppt thentodie 
Tl The knife t tk beft time is when they begin to flower, and then 

cat awS what i^ dead, and fuch Lances as are too long.behmd a Leaf- 
Bud, aud'nail them clofe to the wallj^- 


let the middle ftem giow upright, the fide-branches 

nrrfJer but decay for want of noarilhment, the top drawing away 

^^Tn' to pre vent which, whilft the Tree is young, bow down the 
the Sap 5 '°Pf/'"„ j„df^nailitto thewali;^ wiU ftop the 

head XSe Tree to put forth (Jde-branches, ' and to bear p!en- 
^:%?wh Tree Jds are oVand decaying, cut them down in M^rch 

'ctLsvoican with convenience, leivinlfome branches to draW 

AcSaP aS" overthe wound with Clay : the Stock will p« forth 

n«v Lan es, and in a year or two come to bear fr.n again. ^ ^ 

f ' : T 










JBooK 111 







% % "^ 



* - 



''- ■ —. 

r _ 

Lmonds may properly be placed next unto the 
Peaches ^nd Ne^Qrines, the Trees much re- 
fcmblin^them, but bigger, and growing up- 
right, not needing the help of a Wali 5 the 
Leaves and Flowers are like thofe of theP^4^A'5 
the fruit is Downy on the outfide^but not fit to 
be eaten, having a thick fmooth fione, where- 
in is contained the Kernel, or Almondy'm fortie 
fweet.and in others a little bitter: they feldome come to any good 


and the Tree is chiefly received for the beauty 

of the Flowers, which helhg m 

fine (hew in : 

and of a fair pale reddi (b 
Garden. Of this there is a Dwarf 

.^olour^make a 

iind^ fmall in all the parts, and feldome rifeth above four foot 

Jiigh-, it is tender, and therefore Planted in cafes,, and houfed ifl 


-t - 


, rhe Almond Tm is raifed by fetting the Stones orihels with the 
|;4/w?«Winit,intheplaceswherethcy are to ftahd, being unapt to 

srow if removed, 
p ■ ■ 








TSiux Ayellana, 


He Filkard is a Tree well known, yet there 
fome kinds of Nuts that few have feen, we 

therefore acquaiiit you with them, and be 

with the moft common. 



The white Filheard differs from the common 


Ildfelmty in that the Husks are longer, the Nuts 
tjiioncr iheltcd, and the Kernels of a better tafte. 

t Filheard differs from the white in the Husks and Nuts, 
which are browner, and the Kernels covered all over with a red^ skin, 
of a more delicate tafte than the former. 

' - 




sTkjPHhardef CCfffiamh&fk hath the Bark wbiter^the Leaves 



N A. 


bigger, and the Husks more jagged and rent than the former, the 
iNats are like thofe of the white JPilbeard^ but rounier and bigger; 

The great round Nut hath iliorter Husks than the Filheards^ the 
Nuts bigger than any two of them^Qiort and rounds with great heads, 
the crowns in fome being as broad as a Groati the Shell is thick and 
hard, and the Kernels much bigger than other Nuts are. 


and all. 

The great lon^ Soft'fhelled Nut differs from the laft, in that the 
i\r«?^ are long, larger, and fomething flat, the Shells as foft as any 
of the Filbeardsy the Kernel as big as an Almond^ and very well 
tafted, ' 

I confefs thefe Nuts are more proper for an Orchard ihan a Gar- 
den, but in rcfped: they fitly ferve to be Planted and fpread upon the 
"North wall o£ the Fruit- Gardens, 1 have fet them down in^this 


They are all aptly 

fed from Sucke 

by Grafting, as I har 


found by experience, having many goodly Trees of the FUbeard of 

jlantinople^ and the great Nut, which I grafted 


ffaz^le ftocks j thefe i\r«f^ fpread upon a North wall, do not onely 

th fair sreen leaves, but will bear i\r«/x. abundantly 



thick, bccaufe the branches will fpread far and 

wide- which muft be bowed down, naylcd 
flieared in Somer, which will caufe the Tr< 
more and bigger Nuts, than if they grew a 


and often 

thicken, and beat 








He vine Is a Plant well known, the feveral kinds 
chiefly differ in the Grapes, arid fome in .the 
Leaves, as bigger, or lefferj and more or lefs cut 
in on the (ide§ • and although the varieties are 
infinite, yet few of them will profper and bring 
their fruits to perfedion with us, therefore we 

will mention fuch only, as are fitteft for our 
Climate, aftd begin vvith the firft ripe. 

- Ifc 

rhefmaiihUckGrape,oxzs(omcC3\\ lithe clufterGrafe, is firf! 

ripe with us, the Graps fmall, black when ripe, fet thick on the bun- 
ches, and well tailed. . 








•Book III. 


the tvhite Mufcadine Crape bearcth large bunchcs^and great Graces ^ 
fweet and good, ripening well moft years, 


the Caftada Grafe^ or Tarpy Vine^ hath the leaves more cut in and 
divided, than thofe of any other J the Gr^f/^ / white, ripe with the 
laft, but thinly fet on the bunches, 


The red Miifcddine Grape is ashrgczs the White, but not fo ape 
to ripen with us, requiring more Sun, 

. The Rdiftnef}he Sun Crape is large, red and good, and in the 
* Southern parts ripens leafonable welJ, 

TheMurfarohelsdSi excellent large, f wee t, white Grape^ of much 
cftcem in France^ and in fome years will be ripe with us. 


»K*Pi'"Vv ■*•- 

The Frominhck is a white Musky fweet Crafe^ but feldome comes 
to perfedion. 


* ■ 

The Mufcat Grapes are moft efteemed in France^ as the Chaffeluts. 
3'tcane^zn^ f^ochel 5 the Grapes are fweet and jood, great bear 

do well 

and doubtlefs in a skilful hand, and good pi 

The Burlet is thelargeft Grape we have^ and though the Grapes be 
four, as not ripening with us, yet the great bunches, and large white 

Crapes y make a gallant (hew on a Wall, and will make very good 

Vines ar. 

There are more than a hundred feveral forts of Grapes , but thefe 

mentioned are fitteft for our Climate 5 the moft agreeable 


three firft. All Fwes are aptly encreafcd by Layers or Cuttings and if 
the earth be good, will quickly ftrike roots. ' 

They are to be Planted on South 

and confined by cutting 

thedofcr they arc pruned, the better they will bear, and the fairer 
,will be the Grapes : make the ground you fet them in, with rich light 
fandy earth, and every Winter open the Roots, and mend the foil 
With old dung 5 cut them at a knot in January to prevent bleeding 
and about Midfomer take away the fuperfluous branches, and ftop 
Ihe Lances before tht Flowers, and when the Grapes begin to fweU 

iwke the leaves from about them, that they may have thefuUbene- 



^1 - 





Chap, ictipnn. 




^ , 


.,>f '- y 




m.-^ v-^- 

* -I . ^ 

jfle Fig Trie isof feveral forts,' and fome 
them will live and bear fruits wirhus 3 the 
moft agreeable is 


The greater blue Flg^ which fpread upoQ a 
Wall, will rife fix ormore foot high, and in 
breadth proportionabie 5 the wood hath a 
great pith, and the leaves are large, divided 

, ^ comnnonly into five Sections, of a dark 

green colour ; the frait bn^ethoutofthe branches without bJoiTom, 

IrfnTTear^ of a dark 

which when ripe, is long androm^ 

bluiQi brown colour on theoatfidc/ but more red within, and fkli 

of fmall White grains, foft, mellow, and fwcec 

- .' 

Tho Dmrfhlue Fig groweth not to ^o big a Tree as the former^ 
the fruit fmaller, better tafted> and fooncr rip6 : itmuftbe defend- 
ed in Winter, elfe it will yearly ^iq to the ground. 

There are feveral oth^r forts of FigSy as the Fhmrhg Fig7 Ffgl 

of tanquedec^ Figs 6f Marfeiffesy themiie dmrfFig^ and others 5 
but inQ greater blue Fig is htteft for. our CllmatCi 


Thefe Figs are to beplan^ upon a Wall, tha-t they may have ttTe 
benefit of the Sun to ripen the fruits : they are increafed by Layers of 

Cuttings 5 befides, they are apt to yield Suckers^ 





^ ' 




J - 

Hecemmon Servae'treegiowsmld. In many places, biic 
there is a kind thereof more rare, and like thefforfe- 


efteemed ; this nobler kind of Service by 

long {landing ^rows to ^ fair Tree 

many bran 

. _ chcs fet with winged leaves likeihofe of the Jpj, but: 

fttidier, and indented about the edges j.the Flowers grow in duffers, 
Succeeded by Fruits, in fome rdahd, in others i'f4;'-fa(hion,much big- 


and better tafted than thofc of the common kind 










!Book lit. 


> t 

This Tree is rarely found in England^ though common in France 5 
it may be raifcd of Seeds or Kernels, Or grafted on the Stock of the 
common kind. 

V '• 


C H A Pi 



L - 


^ M^j^ litis. 


H£j»/tf^/4risoffourfeveral forts, as the commoii 
ordinary kind with Thorns, which is vulgarly 


The greater Medlar hath larger" (hoots andJonger 
leaves than the former , without Thorns, andthei 

-__ ^.^ fruit much bigger and better : this fucceeds very 

well grafted on a Pear-Htock^ and if ijprcacf on a Wall, mlich better 

than on a S tandard. , 



There is another curious Cott of Medlar^ that differs chiefly front 
the laft, in that t^ie fruit is without ftones. 

•>" *■ 





- ' ^ I 

the Neapolitan Midlar or JzaroUier groweth f o a realbn able fair 
Tree, with many branches and fome thorns ^ the leaves are like thofc 
oi Hawthorn^ but bigger -, the fruit is like that of the former,, but 

rounder, much iefle, and better tafted; this is commonly grafted 

on a Hawthorn, but with no good fttcccfs, for the Grafts fetdora take, 
and thofe that do, rarely bear 5^30111 which defers may be fupplied 

by it Fe^r-ftock and a good WlH, - 

f * 




He tote or Nettte-tree groweth with us to afmall 

j,^vr««».A' TTini MS fcv, aiuitui Tree, 

with leaves like a Nettle^ the fruit like a fmaE Cherry 
green at firft, after red, and black when ripe, of a fbarp 


(bHt not unpleafant) taflc, 




He Firgtnian Plum groweth to a fkir Tree, with broad- veined 

green leaves andbearethafruitlikeaD^/^, fet in a husk of four 

gt^en leaves, ofablackifh colour, firm like a Date, andfdmething 

fvveet, with great jSat thick JCernels, from whence the Trees are 





> *- 




Md N I 

' Corn 



He Cornet 

(as many call it) iht CorndUn cherry 

in the manner of Rowing refemblcth a Dog-tree , the leaved 
fmooth and veined, the flowers fmall, eifly, artd yellow, the fruix 

■ipe, and formed like a fmail Olive. 

fliinins red 

yellow with red fides in another, and almoft whit? m a third 
thefe varieties I have feen : the fruits (when green) are good t< 

asG^Z/wjjand (whehripe)toprererve. ' .,. 

Thefe three laft- mentioned Trees areraifed from the Stones q£ 

Kernels, the two firft preferred for their rarity, and the laft for th^ 

ruic, and for that it may be fafhioned into any form, yet bear never 
theworfci - . - -: ' 






' f 



He kttlherrytree Is of fome diverfity, the Berried 
are of three colours, as black, white, and red j 
we will begin with the firft becaufe beft known. 

-I -w 

- r- ^ 

The^tack Mulberr) groweth to a large fcramb 
g Tree, fpreading wide, but not very tall^ ape 

be bowed Into anv form ^ the leaves are round 

thick^d pointed, nicked^^ut the edges 5 the flow.£rsaic downy 

Catlins, which 


erries, ar^riirsreen, after 

ly black. Tike unto Hedge Black-berries, but b 

fomethirie fweet in tafte 


, andialb 
iid longer. 



^ M r, ■ ,■ 

- There is another fort oUlack Mherr}^ more rare 5 It cUt^j^}^. 
fers in the Berries,which are mUch bigger and better tafted thatt thof( 
6t the former common kind. 

— / 


Theivhire Mdherrj groweth leffer fpread than the black, the leaves 
paler, fofter, and thinner fef on the branches, the Berries faallcrg 

the grains thicker fet, white and fweet in tafte. < '_ ■ 

7h€ Virginian Mulherrj foori groweth with u|^6 a fair Tree, 

larger leaves than the laft 5 the Berries are longer and redder thafi 
any of the fdrmer, and ofaplcafant tafte. ". 

Thefe Trees are eafilyraifed either by Suckers, Layers or Cut- 
tings • and the great hUck Mulkrrj may be grafted on the cOmmorf 



Q te 

MO K A. ^'ook ill 



\ CHAP. XVit 


'\ '• n t 



9 I 



ooshemes are of divers forts and colours", as red^ Uwf, 

yellow, white, and green ., fome of them round, others 

long 5 fome fmootfi, and others prickly. 

Of red Godsherrks there are three forts, one fmall 
aiKi round, feldom bearing ; another bigger arid a little 
flat, but no very good bearer ; the third is called the namfon Goos- 
hrry^ this is a good bearer, the Berries large, round, and red, and 
f wh en full ripe) with a blue tinaureover them like a Damfo», 


The blue Goosberry hath the Berries thinly fet on the branches,' 

which are fmall, a little long, and of a dark red colour, tindured over 
with blue. 

reflom Cfiosherrks are of feveraf forts, one fargey round, and 
fmooth 5 others leffer ; fome long and prickly, ofwhich there are 
two forts chiefly efteemed 5 the firft round, fmooth, large arid good, 
of a bright yellow colour, arid called the Amber Gmberry 5 the other 

isJarge, long, and prickly, of a deep yellow colour ana good tafte^ 
md 1$ coiled the great Hedge-hog G 00s berry » 


*the white QoS^^^ doos^ci^E^tli^ faireft, biggeft, and beft bearer 

ofall others 5: the Berries are large; round, Caiooth^ white, tranfpa- 
rent, and well- tafted. 

The green Goosberry is of two forts, one bigger arid longer than the 

other,, both very green and good, but the bigger is moft efteemed 

CoBsberries are propagated by Suckers, Layers or Cuttings. I have 
a Goosherjry-bttfh that from one ftem beareth four feveral- coloured 
Berries, effcded by Budding, "the Amber ^ Damfen^ and Creen^ upon 
feveral branches of the White, Thofe that delirc the like curiofity, 
tnuft in WiAter prune arid prepare the Stock, leaving thereori three 

branches onely^ and at the Spring rub" off all buds that (Drae forth iii 
other places 5 about Wtdjomer put in the Buds taken from the big- 
geft Lances, which .tfter they are grown to fome bignefs, one Bud 
of the natural Stock may be fuffered to grow to make four forts * the 
Stock muft be kept from Suckers, the Lances in Somer flopped, arid 

pruned in Winter, that one draw not more Sap than another^ 







chap, xnn, XIX. 


K A. 



)rhthes^ or Currans 
Plants well known 

they are vulgarly called, arfi 

r , r , . t , . ^ ' ^^ ^^^^^ ^"^re are five 

feveral forts,which differ chiefly (as the Goo sherries) in 

iht Berries. 


Thefraall bUck Cuyraa is not Worth the Pl 



M ■ 

ThfmaSredCunan is of no better efteem. 

• ■ - 

The great r^ Curr^n Is a plentiful bearer, the Berries twice as bi 
as thofe Gf thelormer^ofaWight fliining redcolour^and good (rh-- 

fomething iharp) tafle. 

r/rf ^r^'i/^j? dark red Dutch Currdn differs from the laft, in that th 
Berries arc bigger, of a more blackiOi colour, and Tweeter tafte 


The white Currart is \ikt the great red 
thing lefej white, tranfparent, and wcll-tafted. 

, onely the Berries are fome 

They are as eafily increafed as Goosherries by Sucke 

parting the 

laying the branches 5 thefc may be budded one upon anoth.. 
and fo feveral forts grow from one Stock, as is faid of the Goosherries 




He Barberry is common with all that have Orchards 
or Gardens , efpecially die common kind 5 bac 
there are two other forts more rare, the lirft hath 
many branches of Berries that are without ffones, 

and fome on the fame Bu(h with flones, like the 
common kind. 

The other Sarkrry chiefly differs from the common kind, in thit 
the Berries are twice as big, and more excellent to preferve 5 and, if 
the roots be purged from Suckers, and the brancnes fpread upon a 
Wall, the Berries will be fairer, better coloured, and indeed excellent 
for divers ufes. 

Thefe Plants are too apt to abound with Suckers, and to multiply 
3 much. CHAP 











^ook III 



Aving now given you an account of all the beft Garden 

Finits, V 

and Berried thathitherto have come 

Icnowledge, we (hall proceed to 'the reft of the 

Flower-bearIn2 Trees. Shrubs, and G 


the being fitter for aFruit,thanFl 

Garden, and that I may perform what 

promifed in the EpiftI 

and Proem (with fubmifsion) infert them in the end of thfs Book 

Gijlanea Equina. ^ - 

He Horfe Chefnut Was raifed from the Nuti that came from 
Jurlcj^ which grow well with us. ^ndi m time to a fair large Tree^ 
fullof Boughs and Branches, (tt with gallant great green Lcaves^divi- 
ded into fix, feaven, or nine parts^ or feveral leaves {landing together, 
nicked about the edges, much refembling thofe oi Patma chrifli t, at 
the ends of the Branches in Maj many I'lowers come forth, each ha- 
ving four white leaves, with thrids in the middle, which in their na- 
tural Countrey, turn into chefmts, hut rarely with us. It is refpe(5£ed 
for the beauty of the fair green Leaves and Flowers, and' with us iri- 
creafed (in default of isr«fi) by Suckers. The name was impofed from 
the property of the Nuts^ which in Turky are given to Horfes in their 
Prcvender^ to cure fuch as have coughs, or are broken winded. 



ti//^s Tree feldome growech with lis above fix foot high, 
young Shoots have areddtfh bark, and the Leaves round, the Flow- 
ers break through the bark in the Spring, before the Leaves, three or 
four ftanding together, on a fmall rtiort ftalk, in faihion like Peafe- 
bloflbms, oFa fine purplilh bright red colour, which are fucceeded by 
long flat cods, containing fmall flat black feeds 5 there is another of 
this kind, whofe bark, leaves, and cods, are greener, and the flowers 
whites they are apt to put forth many Suckers, by which, as alfo by 
Layers, they may be increafed, 



Ean Trefoile is of two forts, a greater, and a lefTer, the fiift rifeth 
to a rcafonable tall Tree, with a whitifli green bark, full of 
Boughes and Branches, fet with Leaves, three always ftanding toge- 
ther ., at thejoyntsofthe branches in May, many yellow Flowers 
come forth, like thofe ^of ^rc^^;, but lelfcr, and of a paler yellow 
colour, growinp on long branched flalks, fucceeded by flat thin cods, 

t^ith fmall black feeds : the other leiler kind, chiefly differs in that it 



U N A, 

is Tmaller in all parts, the branches weak, and the whole Plant fcarce 
able to Tupport it feU" without helpj thefe are now both common, for 
that every Cutting will grow, and thofe of the greater kind foori 
rife to larffe Trees. ' . • 


m ectmatis 

CUifu ,. 


His kind of TVf/tfi/^ is much fmaller in all the parts, than the for- 
mer, the leaves of a freflier greeri, and almoft round, three grow- 
ing together clofe'to the flalks, the middlemoft biggeft ; the Flowers 
are like thofe of the former, o*. the fame feafon, and the Cods fmall 

and hairy at the endsj both thefe Plants are aptly increafed either 
by Seeds or Suckers, 

*■ A 



Coltitea yeficay'ki. 


He great laflard Bmd with bladders, hath a ftock fometimes as big 
as a mans Arm, divided into many branches fet with winged 
leaves like thofe of i^^i^^w : the Flowers come-^rh in Mayy\ik^ 
t\\oko'L Br oom^ but ofa paler yellow colour, after whiCh appear clear 
thin tranfparcnt bladders.containing black feeds. 

Colutea Scorpioiks major. 

He greater Sc&rfton pded hajiard Send is lower^ and leffer in all the 
i^rts than the former, and chiefly differ eth " 

that the blad 


which fucceed the Flowers, are difiingui hed into many drvifions, like 
mto a Scorpions tail, containing fmall feeds : this and the former are 
aifed from Seeds, Suckers, Layers, or Cuttings. 


Spar turn Htjj> 
PaMBrdomhithz w^Oody Mk^ divided into many rmall 

I ' 


hatha wooay itaiKj givwcu muu uia../ i'^'*^^ ^vm^ 
with fmall long green leaves, which foon fall away, 

andleave the twigs naked i the Flowers come forth in May 


top of the branches, like thofe of common BroomMt larger, tne 

Cods are long and fmall, containing brown flat feed 
Plant may be increafed^ as alfo by Suckers. 


by which this 

He bladder KtH 

Nux yeftcaria 
rutted tip atid kept from Suckers 

t adder mt^ it pruttea up. unu ntj^u xi«-. ^ V '^ \T ^ ^^ 

^ to be fix foot fiigi, the bar^ is whitiih, and the leaves hke mp 
thofe of Blder the Flowers white and fweet, many hangmg do^ffr on 
Ln^^^^^^^^ them greeniO. bladders, each conta-^^^^^^^^ 

fmoofh fmall i^^t with a green Kernel , it is too apt to fend forth 

Suckers, arid thereby to be increafed. 








N A. 

ook III. 



» I 

Samhucm %fjca. 

He Gilder S»[e rireth C\% or more foot higl], fpread 

branches, with broad leaves divided into three Sed; 

it the 

tops of the young branches conaes forth around ball of many Cngle 
white Flowers, clofe fet together •, it flowers in May with the Pionies^ 
which placed together in Chimneys or Windowes, make a fine fliew ; 
the Plant is hardy, and of long hfting, increafed by Suckers, which 

foon bear Flower 

'Syr'mga jlorc alho. 

He white Syinga^ or Fipe Tree^ never rifeth tall, but grovveth in" a 
bu(h, with many fmah branches, and divers Suckers from the 
root; the leaves ftand two at a joynt, which are ragged, crumpled, a 
little pointed, and dented about the edges •, the Flowers in May come 

forth at the ends of the Branches, many together, confining of four 

white leaves, wirh ydlow thnds in the middk 5 k is eafily increafed 
being too apt to put forth Suckers, 

Lyhc fivcSjYinga flort CcCruleo. 

He Uue SyrifJga^ or Pipe-Trfe^h Co common, that it needeth no 
defcription, efpecially the ordinary kind with blue Flowers, but 

e co- 

there are three other , forts more rare, which chiefly differ 
lour of the Flowers, thofe of the one being Snow white, another Silr 
vercolour, that is white, with alightwalli of blew 5 the third hath 
larger Shoots, grows more upright, and beareth more,and much fail 

Flowers on one branch than any of the former, and of a fair pur 

plecoloar., tbcy all flower in^/r//, andmuft yearly be difchar^ed 
of Suckers, elfe they will choak the tree, and caufe it to die, or not 
bring forth Flowers^ this faid,I need not tell you how this Plant is in- 
creafcdj they are all hardy Plants except the white, which is more 
tender, and would be Planted on a Wall. 

T ^ 



Hrifis Thorn rifeth in fome places five or fix foot high, with ma 
ny flcnder branches, fet with broad and round leaves, veined 
and a little pointed, alfo thick fet with fmall Thorns j the Flowers an 
fraall and yellow, many together on a long ftalk, which in Fahfl 

place, but not with us, are Cnzc^Qded by round, flat, ftielly 
fruit, covered with a flefliy skin, including two or three fmall hard 
brown and flat feeds ; lUsrhom is much eOeemed for its rarity but 
€fpecially for the name, bein^ that (as is fuppofed) wherewith' 

Saviour was crowned, and is increafed by laying the Branches, 


_ J 






i : ^ 

] lU 

TM ** f^rt 


IW w 




^ncs Mrytifol 

t f 


-> --ii 


1 3- 

THeMfrtle-leaifeB ^kmachyiCeili yearly from the Rdot^ with many 
^ fmall brancheSjfometimes four or five foot hrgb, fet with* Winged 
leaves, lite thole oftti'e* broader-leaved il/^r^/^, on eadi fide a middle 
rib- at' fhe tops 'of ln6'Branches c'oHe forth divens f lowers^ confiftiiig 
of rfia*^ purple thrid§\ which turtt'lnco fmall black Betries, cohCairi- 

ing fn!i"kn Seeds, ^R^flby, as alfob'y- parting the RootSj new Plants 


t A 

OSuJ O.illi 


He Fir^inidn SumaS^ or Bnck-horn tree^ groweth in fome places 
fix foot highj the young branches are of a reddiQi brown colour, 
handling like Velvet, refembling the Velvet head of a Buck, yield- 
ing milk if cut or broken • the Leaves are many, fet on each fide of 

^middle rib^fnipt aiyout the edges' ^ at the ends of tTie Branchesxora^ 

forth Iqus and thick browa -tafti Lm ad e of manvfblt. and l^oUy 

thrums, among which a.j^pear many fmall Jriowers, much reddk t-han 
the tufts,which yield fmall Seedsj^the Root putt'ethfonh many Sqc; 
kers,whereby it is increa^ftd. 




4 I 

f r 


t ^ 



i .A 

> Ji.. 

1 T'cz::- 

¥ ^ « 





1. ' 

He rirginian Ivy rifeth up with ' divers fmall ftems^ divided 
into, many long weak branches, which fet againft a Wall, will 
'fallen thereunto, with .fmall claws like a Birds foot, and climb to the 
top of a tall Chimney v the Leaves at firft are red,atid crumpled, but 
after fair and gre^n, divided into five, fixi of M'6l-e leaves, flanding 

together upon a frna ll fock-ftalk , fetwlthout ovdgf -, the Plowerrwith 
us only appear in bud, blf!:iiWer bpeh;'the R oo t s run on xhe to£ of 

the ground, and by cutting fome of them from the flock, and turning- 

up the ends, new Plants may be raifed, . ' .. ' ,.~^- 

i , 


:^ * i 

#*^ * f ^ 



■-■* it" 


He Tamarisk Tree is well known to moft perfons; in fome places 
by long flanding it groweth tall and great, though|^ommonl/ 
tvith fmall and weak branches ; the red Shoots fet with fmall fiiort 
hairy foft green leaves, which fall away in Winter .- this is of little 
beauty or efleem, but there is another of this kind more rare, m re^ 
f6e<f^ the leaves are wholly white", afid abide fo conflantly, fioiir yea! 

to year V Bis as the other, is increafed by Suckers or Layers. 

^ * 

- r 


j*^ «P 

n*^ •►•■TT'^ 



■t . 

J ' - k 

3 f 

■ r 

He x^>f/;-/rW with us, groweth flowly, and to be found in few 

places, it hath a rugged bark, and boughs that branch m good 
r - 7. - ..o^.. .^ , , I 1 • _^.- fettherconar 

order, with divers fmall yellowiih bunched eniinences^ 

feveral diftances, from whence tufts of many fmall, long, and 


fmoo ch 








• -i. ^ 


itbearetii among 

the green 

fmooth leaves do yearly come forth-, ^ -, 

Hves many beaiuiful flowers,which a^e of a fine crimlon colonr, and 

m Its 

natural place fucceeded by fmall Cones like Cyprefs-nuts^ 
^teby hew Plants are raiCed, being hardly increafed any othe| wajr. 

•CDf'all there rfower-bearlng aDdVautifel,tjrees^,ife'Ji^^^^^ 

■ ^arBrtree the laft^ in refped it]? the rarejj, jh^, :.(alf hough if^ ^Iterh 

the leaves in Winter) neareft in nawrexp $hofe Iter-'grecnr.'j^^fs^riiat 
are iext to folbw^l and fo may /e^^e as a BrMge^iq pafl J^onfi ife? 9fi? 

tinto the other. 






f^ »| * 


'i 5*' 


1 1 ; 11 I ^ /.' V 

C H A.P» XXlv 

^ ^ -f *-« lii-V-^* V 



\ t»r. 


p- ■ ' r « 

' t 



- '-. I 

- # 



I • • iP- 

tjijj ji 

>a A 

i ^ 



V- _ 


■ » I 

Vj ,. 


vnli ^iii. 


/f^ J^rrC'trce is of too. tall a growth to be plaQt^d,m Gar- 

dens, and fo 
Nuts or Kernels 

is the Pine-:, they are both raifedfrp^^ 

dsy and grow flowly with us, ^m n^.pJie 


to be planted iq fpacious OrchardSj or ox^^ ekh /idf 
broad Walks - but there are feveral other crrtf^;?j. that 

are proper to be placed in Gardens, the which require to' be i 


fully defcribed 5 the firft and biggeft of thofe ufually planted in Gar 

dens is called 


* Jk 



r <niU, 



— *4£ 

_ A 





1 > 


ftanding groweth as big as a MaAS les;, 


'TtlfiTrce ef I^fftbyhn^ ft: 
-!• ^with maoy feftches hanging ^_dpwnwards, andfet with wrngi 

Ic^Ves, fomething Jike thofe of Savifi^ but flatter, and pjatted l)ke a 

tace,rjofafair Rreen colour in ^omei- but dark and brown in- Winr 

terp of a ftrong refinous icent, to fome not unpleafant 5 


10 i5/4!jr^ 

on the tops of the branches are many fmall downy yeilowifh flowers. 

Handine in fmall fcaly heads, wherein lie fmall lon^ browniili feeds 

which in fome places ripen with us, and being fowed fpring ana pro- 
Iper reafonably well, but the Plant is fo apt to root in Layers^ that 
he Seeds are leldom fowen. 





1' h 





. / 


V ' 

F ^^^P ^K^r~ 


TIIc Cjfn[s-tre(, that is now common in every Gafdl 
note, groweth in time to a tall Tree, not fpreading, b 




fpreading, b^i l ftand ♦ 
ing upright in a Pyramidical form^^ broadefl: below^ ,<md narroiver to 
the top 5 _ the Leaves (if they may be fo called) being evergreen, 
fmall, long, and flat, wholly cover the ftalks : fome old Plji:nts will 
bear Nuts (as they are called) of a rufTet or brown colour, containing 
many fmall brown Seeds, which fowed (efpecially thofe that we 
have from hot tcr Countries) Tvill come up, and thrive very well; 
they muft be fgwed in o^ohr, and defended from Frofts iri Winter 

whiles the Plants are young and tender. 

i J^ 1 1 

i.niil ' 

T r 


- -. « 








■ — 

Chap. XXI 





A .> 


Vemkularis frukx maj 

,-■ -^ 



t nt 

S-' I 

W A. 



^ J. 

it e great er Tree Stone-cro^ rifetfi up like afmall Tree, upright, 
full of twiss and branches, thick fet on all fides with fmall 


round (harp-pointed le;ive$3 fomething like thofe oi Trick-madam^ 
"but leflTer and fliorter^ arid of a dart gk^ft cbfour, abiding ill the 
Winter without falling : -tfie flowers come fo'rth1rtl;ir^^»/?, ofa yel- 
lowifh green colour : this Plant is pr^ferVed in Covdt g'ood 'Gardens 
for its beafuty and rarity, arid is increafed by Layers Or Cuttings': fee 
in the beginning of March, fliaded and watered in dry fcafonSi - j 

} y-' 

* J 4 ^ d ^ f.4 


.■' -- — 

r»» T 




Ilex Arbo. 

? ^^ 

r-'. r> 


* ■ \ 

J ± 

1 . * y f (^ 

1 r • 

^ Ji:il 

»"- ; "I ■* 



* A 

He ever -green Oak groweth flowly, and with us in few placed 
feen, other than as a fmall Tree, ipreading in branches fet with 
fmall hard green leaves, indented about the edges, and a little prick- 
ly, which abide all the Winter : in the Spring itbeareth fnaall yel- 

lowifh mblTy flowers, and in fome places niTall bIacIalH^corns,frpm 
■\vhich yoiing Plants naay be raifed, but uidfl ufually by laying dowa 

he branche 

1 . J 





\ ff.. 








Agr I folium 



J i F 

^> 4 



common Hedge-tree, yet there 

elegaiit kind 

thereof^' entertained in Gardens," for that the ev 

g leaves are varioiifly-marked with Gold-yellow,^ and' fo conti 
confliantly from year- to year 5 it is aptly increafed by Lajef s 

^nd capable of any foriri 



.^ ^4 



-- -^ 



' * 


0;^ is "of four forts, the firft is pur common ^/»^/i/^ kiad, well 
known unto all, of which there is another elegant variety, 'tbac 
liath every leaf thereof edged and compaflcd about with yellow 5 tfcis 
is called Buxus, Jurat m^ or Gilded Bo^ ^' the third is a loW and dwarf 
kind whofe leaves are mudh fmailer than the former 5 and of th!,s 
there is alfo a Gilded kind, much more beautiful tban the other j tffe 
-ordinary ferveth fitly to border large opeifFrets for flowers, as the 
common Bnglifh kindthbfeof a fpacions Pruit-garden, as aJfo for 
Hedges. All thefe kinds' of ^(?a: are eafily raifcd, for every Slip 
thereof fet in' 'March wiHuke root the firft year, and fpring thenexf. 


-4 •< 




.— » ■ 



J ■■' .- ■> 

np/r^ ever'g(cen Bawthdrriy if fiirfered' to grow at large 



rifeth ap 

fet with ever-green leaves 

■ 1 fix or more foot high, fall of branches, 
fiiipt about the edges,^ and- long iharp thorns i the flowers cOmfi 
forth in the Spring maiiy cluftering together like thpfeofif^B'/^^'r^, 
'as the Berries are which tucceed, but more in number on one branch, 
dfthe colour of Coral, and abiding (ifkept from ^rds) the. greateft 

tjirt of Winter J the Plant is increafed by Suckers, Layers^ or by 
^ fowmg 


U N A. x7^ookni 

fowing the Beiries, which (like thofe of common ffamhorn) will Yiq 
in the ground a whole year befor^ they* come up : this Green ferveth 
with others to make an ever-green Hedge. 

T'l .- J ■ , cv4»-. 

rCelaftrm ,,. : L- • ' -j lo 

p ) 

t » 

.hrif^ Staf'tm (as Ux.Packinfo^ calls ij:)' by long ftanding in an open 
-A place groweih to a reafoaable tall free, but commonly in. a 
Hedge-buih :" the Leaves,.\yhich fall nop away in Winter^ are fome- 
.thing like thoTeQfZrf«r«j^/>/^j, but of a fauer (though Jad) greeo 
colour, it beareth on a fmallftalk four 01- fife yellovviih green Flow- 
ers, which turn ihtofraall Berries^ like hlack cherries^ containing a 
ftone with a kernel: this Plant is chiefly increafed by Layers, and 
the beft ufe that can be.made of it is to mix with Pjracamha^ for the 

making ofan ever-green Hedge. , , ' :,, . -; ' 

* - . t J w J, %. . . 1 ^. . ', I : .J t i 

' K 


He ever-green 

ily cAXt^yAUnrnm 



rifeth high, but groweth low inja thick Bufli, full of bran- 
ches, fet with fmali hard ever-green leaves, round, and indented 
about tlie edges 5 the Flowers come forth at the joynts, many toge- 
ther, which are fmall and white, fucceeded by fmall black Berries^, 

^ many Seeds, by .which, as alfo by laying xhs. Branches, 
this fine Plant may eafily be increafed. T hofe that affed Hedges in 
their GardetiSj^' cannot make choice of any fitter for theparpofe thaa 
this, and the next that followeth, inrefpe<fi oftheiraptnefsto be 
formed and confined by Laths or Rods to any proportion, abiding to 
be {beared, and all the year reta'ning their incomparable verdure. 

■ ■ < % I '1 iU 



'^f^t ; j- 

MOiTii-PnWisoffeveralforts, but that here intended is the fir/l 
oiClufms^ and from his defcription fet out hyMr.^ehnfm : 
:lriT/'4i?f^ this fine Cr^^;? is much ufed in PaUfade, tall, eyer-greeiP 
.:Hedges, and to adorn the Walls of Courts *, it groweth wellwith 
fus, and much higher ihzn.AUternus 5 ,th§^ Leaves longer, more cut 
in on the edges, and of a freflier green colour -, the Flowers arefraail 

many together, and of a greenifh yellow colour, fucceeded by fmall 

^black Berries, wherein the Seed is contained, which fowed in (7/J?^- 
ler^ and defended from long hard Frofts' in Winter, will come yp at 
the Spring, and foon furnifh Plants to make an ever-green Hccke 
for which purpofe this and the laft are the chiefefl-, except that excel- 
lentKind called Fhyllirea folio levit^rferratOy which hath deep ever- 

reenleaves> lightly cut in on the edges, and thicker kt on the 

•jbranches -, vigoroufly enduring the Winter, and aptly red udble in- 
to any form 5 but very hard tobeincreafedeither by Seeds or Lay- 
ers, as Mr. f^tf^^;'/ (the ingenious Keeper of thepublick Garden In 

■3i:?>v/(?ri) hath experimented by many trials, ;.; ' 


^» " ' ' • 1' . t, 


Chp. XXL 






J thac 

of the 

THe B^ytree^ efpecially this common kind^ is To well known 
it weie fuperfluous to defciibe it -, yet being the beft 
Greens common in our Countrey, and ferving for feveral ufes, it is 
not CO be negledled in the furniture of the Fruit-garden, 1 have feen 
a fort of this ordinary S^ij^ that in refped of the fmooth (hining green 
leaves, and thofe thicker Teton the branches^ carried the face of a 
noble Plant, and certainly was a choice variety raifed from Seeds. 
T liefe ^4jy J are not to be fet too much in the Sun, nor open to the 
North or Eafl: winds 5 their Roots muft be defended from long hard 
IFrofts, by covering them with ftore of long Dnng, which at the 
Spring may be removed i they are commonly increafed by Suckers, 
and fome fow the Berries, which will come up and profper rcafonably 
well, if defended in Winter. Andaslljegun the firft Bookwitha 
forward B^y bearing cherries^ I will now conclude this laft with our 
<^omeflick Bay bearing Berries. 


forein Bays I jirji 







Then travelled from South to North^ 
And in r/i'j journey mere than guefi 

what Flowers grew 'tjvixt EafiandW^ji 
And which were like to thrive and (I And 
Irt this our cold and fteril Land 
Arriv'dat home^ I anchor may 
Call under this our Country Bay 

And now J kind Readers, to complete your pleafure^ 

ihave expofedallmy flock ofTreafure 5 

The naked Nature 's brought unto your vierVy._ 

As well of ancient Beauties, as of new ; 

Fine Flowers and Fruits frefentedto the Glad^ 

Garlands i?/ Greens and Cy prefs to the Sad 5 

The flowering shrubs and bloffom-hearing Trees 

To Diligence^ that i$^ unto the Bees, 

And for my guerdon this is all T crave^ 

Some gentle hand with Flowers may lire w my GrAvi. 

And with one Jp rig of hays my Her je befriend. 

When 4^ my Life, as now my Bock^ doth 






Laus 'Deo. 



,• t 







-r f 




r - 

.J '. 


t ■ 



3fil r>^ 

' f T <>>'' 



.-u ... 


p I 

T » 

f" ^ 

f. ' T * - - f 



t . 




* . 




\ -^ 






^ - 

a ,■ 



V 1 


* » - * - 











Anemones^ and the kjnds. 


AffUt ef Love, 


Salfam- afpU, 


• Bafil, . 

Bay trees. 

Bears-ears, *.^ 
■' BeB-flmers, " 



Sfomjb Br9om^ 






Chrifls thorn^ 

Corn- flag. 





IfidUn Cnjfcs. 
CrovfH Imperials. 












Douhle Datjies, 


- -> 

2 391 Dogs- tooth, 


147,193 I -fw-fwr^* 

* «33 





err 679 





Cawemil dmhli. 





cherries donbU-flovsered, 


Chriflmas florver, 

2 37 J Dj^'Fennel doidfle, 
ipg j Ftnnelfliwer, 


Indian Fig, 


1 59, 1 5o 1 C0rn-FUg, 

t ^^Woad-F Ux , 
147,1 9 3 I Flower' de-luces, 

198 Flmver of Briflol, 

2 1 4, 1 1 5 1 Sftltans Florver, 

21,24! Flower Gentle, 

2 3 2 1 Flower tfthe Sim, 

1231 Flower of the night, 
1 4; I Chrijlmas Flower, 























,80,1811 UHarj 






Stockc CUliflo-^ers. 
^ueem G'lUiJlowers 

GUli flowers. 


CoQiberrUs. ' 
grapes ^ 









African or French Marigolds 


MervAil ofPz. 



Mm Us, 


ibid . 










JJawthorn ever-greeK^ 
Holly varif£4ti4. 



French HonlfHckJe, 



ibid. I ^*^fln«^/. 


141 1 Tree Night JhMdf, 

55,37 Shru^ ^Ttghtjkade, 





'Bladder ^ut. 







« u 


Sfeeet Jthnsi 

Judas tree,, 


Oak^of Cappadocia 


15>,22,25,34,3 5,37 



Orenge- tree. 

Ox/lip. ^^ 


^ »■ I- 


• •.. .^ 137- 


i ^, 1 7, 1 <?, 20 

V IS7 



> ^ h 





^-/r^tf deH^le-flmered 

- / 

*L •■>* 

* Ik 

L • . 




» '. 

f . 


Ladles- jtifpr, 
Ladlf S'fmocki double, 

Lark^ -heels. 

Lavender, •• 
Tres of 'Life, 

Terfian Lllj, 
Li lies, 

Convall Lilj, 
'^ble Livervfort, 

Love lies a bleeding. 

Garden Lufines, 


.. 187 





Peaches, . 


feafe everlafilng, 

PelUtorj doH^le, 




'<- b -^ 






t. ■*^. 



.. / 

tgranate doHble-floweired 

Toffies double 


Shrub Mallffv, 





* V 

• I7O 



. 188,189* 



; ibid* 

n ■ 

I ^ 






















IndldK Reed, 


Gueidcr Rofe. 

Chriflmas Roft 


Stilt am flopper^ 

^ t 



*■ \ 





Woody Saint Johns wort^ 





Senfihle plants 



Sn^f' dragons. 

Spanifh Broom^ 

Shrub Spiraea. 

Staff'tree. ' 

St AT -wort. 

Tree Stone-crop^ 



150 Sm- flower, 


gioh- Thifile. 
Chrifis Thorn. 



^3 5 



1 84 







I ip8 






-■ * , - *■. 



Tree Trefolt, 

Bean Trefoil, 
Tree of Life. 
Candy Tufts, 








* i_E^^ 


Bf^lboM Violets. 
Dames Violet. 

Bpgt^tooth Violet 
Marians Violet. 


Vir^man Climbei 
Vtrgsman Ivy. 

P^irginian Jilkj 











fi^ind-floweffi^ . 

winter fpolf-hme. 


> :i4<? 








/ . 







7w^ l^rlntcr PYoys tbt deader lend 
HU helping hsnd thefefdults to Wi 

ER K A r A. 



fomeof. p.9$A.\T,perbips. p.137* l-^*-^-^ H^tU mmdoubU. P-'J^.^-JJ-r. a 

five, p a6 6. \Ai.^.J>(^V fennel 

befet. p' 139.1 iy.r,pffii/i;»Xf(i^i 


V towers an fet or fervid of feeds, 

tfi iXpeli fomi nPxlous weeds. 

- ■■