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Full text of "Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew."

With the ComplimeDts of the Director, 
"Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 



KovmI Bntaj i- Garden*. K.-w 

( 




•*fw 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



BULLETIN 



MISCELLANEOUS INFOBIATION. 



1901. 




Br DARLING & SON, Ltd., 34-40, 

be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, 
WTMAN and SONS, Ltd., Fetter Lane, E.C., 

or OLIVER & BOYD, 
or E. PONSONBY, 116, Grafton 



PnW Three Shillings. 



CONTENTS. 



!>.«. 


Article. 


Subject. 


Page. 


1901. 
Jan.-Mar. 


I. 


List of the Contributors to the Herbarium 
of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. to 
31st December, 1S99 


x 




II. 


Miscellaneous Notes 


80 


April-June 


L 


Plant Diseases.— n. Leaf-curl ( K ,-,>,*. sru* 
/;,*,,, , , , < 'n (with plate) 


87 




II. 


Gutta Percha from a Chinese Tree 


89 




III. 


South African Locust Fungus (with plate) 


94 




IV. 


Plant poisonous to Trek Oxen in 


99 




V. 


Research in Jodrell Laboratory, 1876-1900 


102 




VI. 


Miscellaneous Notes 


111 


July-Sept. 


I. 


Diagnoses Africans : XIII 


119 




II. 


Decades Kewenses : XXXIV.-XXXV. ... 


138 


„ 


III. 


New Orchids— Decade 25 


146 




IV. 


Fungi Exotici : III 


150 




V. 


Miscellaneous Notes 


1611 


Oct.-Dec. 


I. 


Ground-nut or Pea-nut (Aracki* hypogcea) 


17.-, 




II. 


Miscellaneous Notes 


MO 


Appendix I. 


- 


List of seeds of hardy herbaceous plants 


1 


„ II. 


- 


Catalogue of the Library. Additions 
received during 1900 


41 


., III. 


- 


New garden plants of the year 1900 


84 


„ iv. 


- 


Botanical Departments at home and in 
India and the Colonies 





ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 
BULLETIN 

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 

Nos. 169-171.] JANUARY-MARCH. [ 



I.-A LIST OF THE COLLECTORS WHOSE PLANTS 
ARE IN THE HERBARIUM OF THE ROYAL 
BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW, TO 31st DECEMBER, 



various herbaria and their contents. While engaged in its com- 
pilation the author asked Mr. Bentham to draw up a list of the 
principal contributors to the Kew Herbarium for use in the book. 
Mr. Bentham replied in effect that it was impossible. This answer 
caused the following paragraph to be written :— 

"Kew (Jardin Royal de). Pour les deux herbiers, celui de 
Sir W. et Sir Jos. Hooker et celui de M. Bentham, qui ont 
forme la base de l'immense herbier actuel, il n'existait pas 
de catalogues ou registres d'entree. J'ai releve sur Fepoque 
anterieure a 1856 beaucoup de details tires de 
Mus. Deless. p. 325, A. Gray, Amer. Journ. 1840, de lettres 
de M. Bentham, de Sir Joseph Hooker, et d'autres sources 
occasionelles. A dater de 1856, les R* 
informations de plus en plus precises sur " 
l'herbier, qui doit etre le plus riche d 
differentes et en especes rares, decrites par 



J'espere avoir indiqu 



les herbiers de 



botanistes connus qui s'y trouvent incorpores, mais un 
grand nombre de collections de voyageurs y sont aussi, 
sans qu'il m'ait ete possible de les passer en revue pour en 
extraire celles dont il aurait convenu de parler ici. Ce 
sont souvent des collections uniques, de voyageurs anglais, 
et celles-la sont indiquees dans les ouvrages rediges a Kew. 
Quant aux autres collections de plantes numerotees, on se 
trompera rareme'nt si l'on part de l'idee qu'elles y sont, 
meme lorsque mes documents ne m'ont pas permis de les 
signaler." 

Alph. de CaNDOLLE, '• La Phytographie," p. 385. 



The following list is an attempt to give an enumeration of all 
the collectors whose plants form part of the Kew herbarium, so 
far as the records themselves allow. Since the spring of 1863 a 
general register of all parcels of plants has been kept, and this 
has been the principal source of information ; in many rased, 
however, particulars of the actual collector are not s ; 
only the name of the donor; it is therefore quite p..^iUe that 
errors from this source have crept into the list, although care has 
been employed to -auini against them. 

For the eai , tely, during the private possession 

by Sir W. J. Hooker and Mr. Bent] Jceri was bo 

search the books of lists which both those botanists kept as 
accounts of their determinations and collectors" rraml 
did not carry the work very far; therefore, 1>\ the ] ,-] ,, Sir .[..>. ph 
Hooker, the whole of the correspondence of his father was gone 
over, and the botanical correspondents' letters looked up to see if 
they sent plants, or only wanted help, or supplied botanical newa. 
In this way the present list has been produced; it cannot be 
guaranteed as being complete, inasmuch as the sources of informa- 
tion are themselves incomplete. Moreover, there is no detailed 
record of the plants exchanged or presented to other herbaria, so 
that, though the collections here named were once here, they may 
have since been transferred to other possessors. 

The general scope of each collector's gatherings is indicated by 
I alitiee, nod the aggregate number of specimens, so far as can be 
i ; where the number cannot be obtained, or if incon- 
siderable, it is not specified. The dates are those when received 
at Kew. 

The alphabetical list of contributions is followed by a goo- 
graphical arrangement based on that in use in the Herbarium. 



September 19th, 1900. 



Abbott, Dr. W. L. Aldabra, 1894. 57. 

Adam, Sir Frederic, Bart. India, 1837. 

Adamson, Frederick M. Australia, 1854. n. 101-231 ; 1-514. 

Adamovic, Lujo. Servia, 1895-97, 324 ; Bulgaria, 700. 

Adlam, R. W. Natal, 1886-94. 91. 

Agardh, Carl Adolf. (Algae) 1824 -» ? 

Agardh, Jacob Georg. (Algae) 1839. 

hsu, icwy-oo, J.i'^ 
Alboff, Nicola. Transcaucasia, 1897. 32. 
Aldridge, Arthur. Iehang. 1891-94. 



Aloock, Lady. Pekin, 1868. 
Alcock, Sir Rutherford. Pekin, 1860-66. 
Alexander, Dr. See Prior, Dr., R.C.A. 
Alexander, William Thomas. China, 1848-57 ? 
Allcard, John. (Cult. Orchids.) 1836. 
Allemao, Freire. Brazil, 1861. 

NT. America (Characeae) iam. 1-7. 
Allen, Dr. 0. D. Cascade Mountains, 1898-99. (n. 211-215.) 

Allison, M. S. Natal, 1891. 70. 
Anderson, Charles. Damaraland, 1862-64. 
Anderson, Charles L. Nevada ; cf. Gray, A. ; Farlow & F,aton. 
Anderson, Isaac. See Anderson-Henry, I. 
Anderson, James. Australia, 1832. 
Anderson, Dr. John. Yunnan, 1872. 264. 
Anderson-Henry, Isaac. 1850-73. (Cult, plants.) 
Anderson, Robert. Magellan Straits, 1850-53. 
Anderson, Thomas. India, Suez, 1861-70. 
Anderson, William. Britain, 1843. 

Anderson, Nils Johan, 1856-74. Sweden, 900; Lapland, 320; 
Spitsbergen, 107 ; Galapagos, — ; Arctic (Mosses), 205. 
Andre", Edouard. Bolivia, Columbia, 1885--92. 
Andrews, — . Australia (Lake Eyre), 1875. 271. 
Andrews, J. L. Williams. Patagonia, Argentina, 1887-91. 153. 
Andrews, William. Ireland, 1841-53. 
Andrieux, G. Mexico, 18—. 382, etc. 
Annesley, Capt. Oliver Francis Theodore. Aden, 1876. 
Ansell, John. 1840. Britain. 
Ansted, Prof. David Thomas. 1855. West Indies. 
Anthony, A. W. Lower California, 1898. 300. 



Aplin, T. H. Shan States, 1888. 94. 
Appleton, Capt, Henry. Baluchistan, 1 



x, 1863-67. 914? (Inol. 

Archangel!, Giovanni. Italy, 1878-79. 128, etc. 

Archer, William. Australia. (Herb.) 

Arderne, Ralph H. Cape, . 

Arechavaleta, Jose\ Montevideo, 1871. 191 ; Uruguay, 1897. 
5? [i 'ompositae.) 

Areschoug, Fredrik Wilhelm Christian. Sweden, 1861-83. 4 fasc. 
Algae, 101. 

Armitage, C. H. Gold Coast, 1898. Ten rubber-yielding plants. 

Armitage, Edward. Algeria, 1893. 

Armstrong, Sir Alexander. Bunks Island, New Hebrides ; Port 
Esfliugron, 1842. About 100 (Herb. Bentham). 

Armstrong, Dr., and Miss Armstrong. Natal, 1861; c. 330; 
New Zealand, 1867. 49. 

Arnasa, J6n. Iceland, . 

Arnold, Dr. P. C. G. Europe (Lichens), c. 1776. 

Arnot, David. Cape, Colesberg, 1860-63. 

Arnot, Mrs. Cape, 1867. 22. 

Arruda Purtado, P. d' Azores, 1881. 54. 

Arundel, John T. Pacific Islands, 1882-99. 70. 

Ascherson, Paul Friedrich August. Australia, 1871 (Halophila). 

Ascherson, P. P. A., and G. Rohlfs. Lybian Desert, 1880. 122. 
See also Rohlfs and ' 



Atherstone, William Guybon. < ';r, . . lsj.S-60 (inch Alb 
-113; Somerset, 1-196; Lake Ngami, 1-47; Namaqua L 
-15 ; Diamond Fields, 208.) 

, 145 ; Daghe 



Austin, Coe P. Appal 

Austin, Mrs. R. M. California, 1876-78. 307. 

Avebury, Rt. Hon. Baron. See Lubbock. 

Ayres, Dr. Philip Barnard. Mauritius, 1853-61 Herb. 

Ayres, Thomas. Cape. 1876. 



Babbage [B. H.M West Australia, 1871, 
Babington, Charles Cardale. Britain. 
Babington, Churchill. (Lichens). 



Backhouse, James. Britain, 1841-63. 

Backhouse, J. and A. Cunningham. Norfolk Island. 25 (ex 
herb. Brown). 
Bienitz, Dr. Carl. Europe, 1896-99, 145 ; Samoa, 316. 
Bagnall, James Eustace. Britain, 1887 {Rosa). 

Baikie, William Balfour. Tropical Africa (Niger), 1855-65; 
c. 220. 

Bailey, Frederick Manson. Queensland, c. 450. 

Bailey, Liberty Hyde. North America. 1897. 

Baines, Thomas. Af: 
c. 410. See aim Chap, 

Baird, James. Buenos Ayres, 1829-30. 

Baker, Carl F. See Earle, F.S., S. M. Tracy, and C. F. B. 

Baker, Edmund Gilbert. Britain, 1887. 

Baker, G. Percival. Caucasus, 1891. 

Baker, Miss H. Madagascar, 1872. 14 (Ferns). 

Baker, John Gilbert. Europe, 1876-84. 

Baker, Richard Thomas. New South Wales, 1897-99. 46. 

Balansa, B. 1855-77. A sia Minor, 1032 ; Marocco, 31 ; Laristan, 
404 ; Paraguay, 3<»72 ; Tonquin, 2653. 

Baldacci, Antonio. Balkan States, Crete, etc., 1890-99. 1978. 

Baldwin, Dr. Georgia, 1837. 

Balfour, Isaac Bayley. 1875-94. Rodriguez, 371 ; Bourbon, 
447 ; Aden, 47 ; Socotra, 694. 

Balfour, John Hutton. Scotland, 1864. 

Ball, Miss Anne E. Ireland, 1837-40. 

Ball, John. 1867-87. Europe, Marocco, Orient, South America. 
(Herb.) 

Bancroft, Dr. Edward Nathaniel. Jamaica, 1826-48. 

Bancroft, Dr. Joseph. Australia, 1879. (Pituri plants). 

Bang, Miguel. Bolivia, 1890-95 962, etc. 

Banks, George. Britain, 1830. 

Barber, Charles Alfred. West Indies, 1892. 96. 

Barber, Leal Mitford. South Africa, 1896. 24. 

Barber, Mrs. Mary E. [nee Bowker]. Cape, 1867-89. c. 214. 

Barbey, William. Egypt, 1880. See atk Favrat and Barbey. 



Barceld y Combis, Francisco. Balearic Islands, 1876. 
Barclay, Archibald. Hudson's Bay, 1845. 

Barclay, George W. 1842-79. Paraguay, Bolivia, Central America. 
Barker, George. (Cultivated plants), 1813. 

Barkly, Lady Anne Maria. Mauritius, Bourbon, Cape, 1867-78. 
1. 

Barkly, Sir Henry. 1825-77. Mauritius, Ins. Mascar., Cape, 
apan, c. 195. 

Barlee, Lieut.-Gov. Sir Frederick Palgrave. Honduras, 1878. 

Barneoud, Marius. Chili, 1849. 



Barnston, James. Canada, 1843. 

Baron, Rev. Richard. 1880-96. Madagascar. 11,834. 

Baroni, Eugenio. China, 1896. 11. 

Barr, Capt. H. F. Bombay. 

Barrington, Lieut., B.N. Japan, 1855. 

Barry, Martin. Britain, 1831, etc. 

Barter, Charles. Niger, 1857-59. n. 1-3444. 

Bartling, Friedrich Gottlieb. 1837-65. 

Batalin, Alexander (per). China and Central Asia, II 
incl. pi. from Potanin and Przevalski). 
Batcock, John. Nilghiris, 1869. 
Bateman, James. Cult, plants, 1837-65. 
Bates, G. L. Cameroons, etc., 1895-96. 613. 
Battcock, H. West Indies, Abyssinia, 1855. 
Baudin, Capt. Australia, 1880. 647. 
Bauermann, — . See Lord and Bauermann. 
Baumann, — , and others. Tropical Africa, 1897. 471. 
Baur, George. Galapagos, 1898. c. 60. 
Baur, Rev. Leopold Richard. Cape, 1874-85. c. 1-00. 
Baxter, William. Australia, New South Wales. 184. 

(Cryptogams) 1* 
, C D. North Carolina, 1897 (ex Herb. Biltmore). 



Beardsley, A. P. California, 1856-57. 
Beazeley, M. China, 1884. 

328, chiefly 

Sumatra, Indian Archipelago, 



Beck, Lewis Caleb. North America, 1826. 

Becker, Alexander. Caucasus, 1880. 640. 

Beddome, Col. Richard Henry. India, 1865-98. 1190. 

Beeby, William Haddon. Britain, 1878-91. 61. 

Beechey, Capt. Sir Frederick William, R.N. See Collie ai 

Beevor, Dr. Hugh Reese. Aden, 1864. 36. 

Belanger, Charles J. India ? 1863. 

Belcher, Sir Edward. Arctic regions. 1847. 

Bell, E. D. Malacca, 1883. 

Bell, Major Frank. Persia, 1884. 120. 

Bellew, H. W. Kashmir, Kashgar, 1875. 208. 

Bennett, Alfred William. Europe, 1879-80. 12. 

Bennett, Arthur. Britain, etc., 1880-90. 

Bennett, Edward Turner. Britain, 1869. 

Bennett, Q. B. St. Helena, 1843. 

Bennett, George. Australia, 1853, etc. 

Bennett, John Joseph. 1864 [ex Herb. Brown]. 

Benson, Gen. Robson. 1863-73. Burma, S. India. 

Bent, Joseph Theodore. 1895-97. Arabia, Soudan. 565, etc. 

Bentham, George. Europe, 1824-71. (Herb.) 

Berger, — . Greece, 1828 ? 

Berggren, Sven. 1877-79. New Zealand. 206. 

Berkeley, Major-Gen. Emeric Streatfeild. 1873-94. India. 1! 

Berkeley, Rev. Miles Joseph. 1830-89. (Hb. Fun^i, 10,900.) 

Berlandier, Jean Luis. Mexico, 1845 ? 

Berlin (Exchanges). 1863 ?-99. 

Bernays, Lewis Adolphus. Queensland, 1875. 



Bernoulli!, Dr. 0. Guatemala, 1868-72. 

Bernouilli, Dr. G., and — Cario. Gtiatemala, 1885. 755. 

Bertero, Charles. Juan Fernandez, 1830. 

Bertoloni, Antonio. Italy, 1836-62 ? 



Bevan, Robert. Mauritius, 1830. 

Beverley, — . Melville Island, 1867. 70. See also Trevelyan, 
V.C. 

Bewsher, C. E. Cape, Mauritius, Mascarene Islands, 1877-88. 
39. 

Biasoletto, Bartolommeo. Dalmatia, 1831. 

Bicheno, James Ebenezer. 1820. (Juncus.) 

Bicknell, Clarence. Balearic Islands, 1899. 

Bidwill, John Came. Tahiti, New Zealand, 1846-48. n. 138. 

Bigelow, John M. See Parry, C. C, etc. 

Bilimek, Dominik. Mexico, 1878. 210. 

Biltmore Herb. See Beadle, C. D. 

Binnendyk, S. Java, Indian Archip., 1859-66. 110. 

Bioletti, Frederick Theodore. California, 1895. 134. 

Biondi, -. China, 1898. 50. 

Bird, Isabella. See Bishop, Mrs. 

Birdwood, Mrs. Evelyn. Aden, 1897. 127. 



India, 1862-73. 



Birdwood, Lt.-Col. William Spiller. Aden, 1 
. 128-181. 

Birkbeck, Morris. 1899. Herb., 2 vols. 
Bishop, Mrs. Isabella (nee Bird). Luristan, 1891. 
Bissett, James. Japan, 1877. 402. 
Black, — . Trinidad, 1886. 145 (Mosses). 
Black, Allan A. Bangalore, 1864. 
Blackburn, Justice E. B. Mauritius, Madagascar, 



Blagrave, Lt.-Col. Cape, 1882. 30. 
Blackmore, T. Tangiera, Mogador, 1871-74. 27. 
Blancaneaux, — . Britisli Honduras, 1888. 14. 
Blanchet, Jacques Samuel. Bahia, 1851-66. 690, etc. 
Blandford, Mrs. New Zealand, 1866. c. 40. 
Bleckenden, A. H. (Cult, plants) 1853-54. 
Blenkworth, Robert. Kumaon, 1837. 
Blomfield, Capt. Richard Massie. Japan, 1873. 41. 
Bloomfield, Rev. E. L. Britain, 1884. 
Blow, Thomas Bates. West Indies, 1898. (Nitella.) 
Bloxam, Rev. Andrew. Britain, 1839-65. 212, etc. 
Bloxam, A. R. (son of the foregoing). New Zealand, 1866. 
7 (Lichens). 

Blunt, Lady Anne. Arabia, 1880. 
Blythe, J. Mauritius and Madagascar, 1855. 
Blytt, Axel Gulbrand. Norway, 1893. 
Bohler, John. Britain, 1873. (Lichens.) 
Boissier, Pierre Edmond. Switzerland, Orient, 1839-74. 

Boivin, Louis Hyacinthe. India, Mascarene Islands, Cape, 
853-86. c. 800. 
Bojer, Wenzel. Mauritius, 1826. 
Bolander, Henry N. California, 1865. c. 230. 
Bolle, Carl. Canaries, 1863. 
Bolton, D. Cape, 1853-59. 



Bommer, Jean Edouard. Damaraland, 1890. 
Bongard, Henri Gustavus. Mongolia, Turkestan, 1835 ? 
Boog, W. . Rio de Janeiro, 1823-24. 
Booth, John. (Cult, plants) 1844, etc. 
Boott, Francis. 1819-64. (Herb. Carex.) 
Bornet, Edouard. Europe, 1877-91. 580 (Algae). 
Bornmueller, Joseph. 1891 --98. Asia Minor, Syria, Persia. 
. 3016. 
Bornmueller, J., and P. Sintenis. Turkey, 1892. 359. 
Borrer, William. Europe, 1829-63. (Brit. Herb.) 



, Bliaa. Russia, 1863. 36. 
Bory de St. Vincent, Jean Baptiste Mareellin. 
1821-44, 1880. 
Borzi, Antonio. Sicily, 1896. 
Bosch, Roalof Benjamin van den. Java, 1860. (I 
Boawell, Henry. 1890. 23 (exotic Mosses). 



Botanical Exchange Club. Collections. Britain, 1887. 
Botanical Record Club. Collections. Britain, 1881-83. 5537. 

Botteri, Mateo. Dalmatia, Mexico, 1868-74-*. n. 1-492?; 500- 
194. 

Bourdillon, Thomas Fulton. Travancore, 1890-96. 406, etc. 
Boughton, Edw. 0. British Guiana, 1848-56. 

Bourgeau, Eugene. British North Ame 
slauds, Canaries, Mexico, North Caledonia, 
Bourne, Frederick S. A. China, Formosa, 1882-97. 232. 
Bourne, Gilbert Charles. Diego Garcia, 1885-86. 55. 
Bouton, Louis. Mauritius, 1831-71. 
Bower, Robert Lister. Tibet, 1893. 
Bowie, James. Cape, 1842-69. 
Bowker, James Henry. Cape, Natal, 1853-83. 390. 
Bowman, David. Columbia, 1884. 28. 
Bowman, John Eddowes. Britain, 1830-41. 
Bowman, R. B. Britain, 1831. 
Bowring, John C. Hongkong, 1852-56. 
Bowring, Sir John. China, 1852-91. 
Boxall, Richard. Burma, Shan States, 1890-91. 
Brace, Lewis Jones Knight. Bahamas, 1878-80. 300. 
Bradford, Dr. Edward. China, 1879-99 (Fern Herb.). 
Braine, C. J. Chusan, 1849. 

Braithwaite, Dr. Robert. Britain, 1875-81. 61 (Mosses). 
Brand, William. Britain, 1832-36. 
Brandegee, Mrs. Katherine, nee Curran. California, 1895. 
Brandis, Sir Dietrich. India, 1872-99. 828. 



Braun, G. Europe, 1888. 185 (Rubus). 
Brebisson, Alphonse de. France, 1886. 300 (Algae). 
Bree, Rev. William Thomas. Britain, 1831-63. 
Brehm, Joachim. Cape, 1849. 

Brenton, Miss Mary E. Newfoundland. 1830-31, etc. 
Bresadola, Giacomo. Europe, 1890. (Fungi). 
Bretschneider, Dr. Emil. Pekin, 1880-82. 570. 
Brewer, J. A. Australia, 1874. 60. 
Brewer, William H. California, 1865-66. 
Bridges, Thomas. Chili, 1829-58. 
Briggs, Thomas. Varaguas, Costa Rica, 1829^5. 
Briggs, Thomas Richard Archer. Europe, Britain, 1886-90. 
lerb. 1891. 
Brigham, William T. See Mann, H., and W. T. Brigham. 

F. Cavara. Europe, 1889-97. 300 

Brissot, Adam. 1834. 

Britten, James. Britain, 1870. 54. 

Britton, Mrs. Elizabeth G. North America, 1889-93. 53. 

Britton, Nathaniel Lord. North America, Mexico, Paraguay, 
888-94. 223. 

Broadway, Walter E. Grenada, 1894-95. 157. 

Brocklehurst, Thomas. (Cult, plants) 1838-46. 

Brodie, Walter. New Zealand, 1845. 

Bromfield, Dr. William Arnold. Britain, Egypt, 1836-50. c. 160. 

Brongniart, Adolphe Theodore. 1826-62. 

Brooke, Sir James. Sarawak, 1853-55. 

Brooks, J. T. Britain, 1842 ? 

Broome, Christopher Edmund. Britain, 1844-49. 

Broome, Mary Anne, Lady 
844. 44 (Algae), 

Brotherston, Andrew. Brits 



, Robert. Australia, 1859-79. 3015, 



12 
Brown, Robert, of Campster. Greenland, 1867. 169. 
Brown, William. Britain ? 1844. 
Bruckmueller, — Columbia, 1873. 25. 
Bruegger, Chr. G. See Hebr, 0., and C. G. Bruegger. 

South Africa, 



Buchanan, John, C.M.G. Shire, 1878-99. 2380. 
Bucknall, C. Europe, 1874. 
Buhse, Fedor. Orient, 1893. 73. 
Bulger, Major George Ernest. Burma, 1873. 19. 
Bulger, Lieut. Claude Osbert. Koomasaie, 1875. 
Bullock, Thomas Lowndes. Pekin, 1888-97. 444. 
Bunbury, Sir Charles James Fox. Brazil, 1849 ; 
Perns, 1-9. 
Bunbury, Miss. Australia, 1887-94. 94. 
Bunbury, Mrs. D. A. Australia, 1886-92. 112. 



Bunting, Isaac. Japan, 1883. 

Burbidge, Frederick William. Borneo, Sulu, etc., 1878-97. 963. 

Burchell, Dr. William John. 1819-47, 1865. Brazil, n. 11765, 
in about 52,000 specimens ; Cape, n. 4856 ; St. Helena, 175, etc. 

Burck, William. Indian Archipelago, 1887-88. 112, types. 

Bureau, Edouard (per). 1892, misc. 1505 ; China, 1894-98. 31. 

Burges, William. Atistralia, 1858. 200. 

Burke, Francis. Montserrat, 1855. 

Burke, Joseph. South Africa, North America, 1843-46. See 
also Yeitch, H. J., 1898. 

Burkill, Isaac Henry. Britain, 1895. 

Burle. Per J. T. Moggridge. 1875. 

Burton, Sir Richard Francis. Dahomey, Arabia, etc., 1864-78. 
322. 



13 

Bush, B. P. Missouri, Indian Territory, 1895. 853. 
Bushell, Dr. Stephen Wootten. Pekin, 1874-82. 231. 
Butler, Rev. T. Corsica, 1886. 
Butterworth, Col. Singapore, 1855. 
Bynoe, Benjamin. Australia, 1843. 

Calcutta. (Exchanges, etc.), 1863-84, etc. 

Caldcleugh, Alexander. Chili, 1830- ? 

Caldwell, Mrs. B. New Caledonia, 1871. 331. 

Callery, — . Macao, Cochin China, Malaya, 1886. 237. 

Callewaert (or Cullewaert), C. Stanley Pool, 1886. 14. 

Calvert, Henry Hunter. Armenia, Egypt, 1854-76. 

Calvert, H. H. and J. Zohrab. Armenia. 

Cameron, Major Donald Roderick. North American Boundary 
Survey, 1876. 

Cameron, " Mr." New Zealand, 1872. 

Cameron, David. (Cult, plants), 1832. 

Cameron, Commander Verney Lovett. Tang 
Burton-, Sir R. F., and V. L. C. 

Cameron, James. Madagascar, 1833. (Ferns). 

Cameron, John. Madagascar, 1874. 12 (Ferns). 

Cameron, John. India, 1899. 20. 

Cameron, Kenneth J. British Central Africa. 1896-99. c. 200. 

Cammock, — ? Nicaragua, 1867. (Ferns). 

Campbell, Dr. Archibald. Darjeeling, 1856. 

Campbell, E. J. F. British Honduras, 1898. 

Campbell, Robert. Mackenzie River, 1851. 

Campbell, William Hunter. British Guiana, 1871. 275. 

Cantara, Dr. C. B. Montevideo, 1898. 

Cantley, Nathaniel. Mauritius, Malaya, 1878-86. 305. 

Cantor, Dr. Theodore Edward. Chusan ? 1851. 

Capanema, G. S., Barao de. Brazil, 1861. (Utricularia.) 

Carbonell, John. 1887 (ex Herb.). 276. 

Carder,-. Liberia, 1877. 14. 

Cardosa, Joao. Cape Verde Islands, 1895. 206, 



Cardot, Jules. France, 1892. (Mosses). 

Carey, John. 1868. (Herb., United States.) 

Cario, — . See Bernouilli and Cario. 

Carles, William Richard. Corea, China, 1885-98. 830, etc. 

Carlile, E. Australia, 1882. 

Carlyle, Dr. Britain, 1889-90. 478 (Fungi, etc.). 

Carmichael, Dugald. Britain, Tristan d'Acugna, 1821-25, etc. 

Carnegie, Hon. David Wynford. West Australia, 1898. 

Carpenter, Lieut. Alfred. Luchu, 1882. 15. 

Carrington, Dr. Benjamin. Britain, 1859. (Hepaticae.) SeeaUi 
Pearson, W. H., and B. Carrington. 
Carr, Lieut. Henry John. Rio Janeiro, 1869. 18. 
Carroll, Isaac. Britain, Ireland, 1848, etc. 
Carson, Dr. Australia, 1879. 
Carson, A. Tanganyika, etc., 1891-95. 286, etc. 
Cartwright, H. Demerara, 1853-55. 
Cartwright, T. B. Samoa, New Zealand, 1889. 15. 
Caruel, Teodoro. Italy, 1884. 697. 

Caspary, Johann Xaver Robert. Prussia, 1849-85, 1892 (ex Herb.; 
Castello de Paiva, Baron. See Paiva, etc. 
Cattell, Dr. William. Mauritius, Simla, Afghanistan, 1871-80. 
Cavara, Dr. Fridiano. See Briosi and Cavara. 
Chamberlain, Rt. Hon. Joseph. 1893-96 (cult. Orchids). 
Chamberlain, T. T. South Africa, 1879. 
Champion, Major John George. Hong Kong, 1837-52. 
Chandler, J. Montserrat, 1886. 
Chapman, James. Damaraland, 1864. 

Chapman, J., and Thomas Baines. Africa, south trop., 1864-65. 
Chapman, H. S. New Zealand, 1841-45. 

Chapman, Dr. W. 1838. ? 

Cheeseman, Thomas F. New Zealand, Kermadec, 1868-89. 675. 
Charlesworth, J. Andes, 1889. 40. 

Charlesworth, Shuttleworth & Co. Andes, 1891. 48 (Orchids). 
Christ, Dr. Hermann. Teneriffe, Europe, Brazil, Costa Rica. 40. 



Christie, A. B. Scotland, 1877. 

Christie, Henry. Britain, 1841-60. (Cult, plants also ) 

Christie, Henry (?) Mexico, 1871. 151. 

Christie, W. D. Panama, Argentine, 1853-59. 

Christy, Robert Miller. Britain, 1883. 

Christy, Thomas (per). Liberia, 1878. 

Christy, William. Britain, 1818-57. 

Churchill, George Cheetham. Europe, 1884-97. 248. 

Claes, F. Columbia, 1896. 

Claraz, Georges. North Patagonia, 1883. 

Clark, Mr. West Tropical Africa, 1865. 

Clarke, Charles Baron. Indian Herb., 1870-97, about 4,000 

Clarke, Joshua. Britain, 1865. 

Clarkson, B. D. Australia, 1863. 

Cleghorn, Dr. Hugh Francis Clarke. Madras, 1854-57. 

Cleve, Peter Theodor. 1883. (Arctic Diatoms.) 

Clifton, George. Australia, 1857-62. 

Clowes, Rev. John. 1841-46. (Orchids.) 

Cochrane-Baillie, Charles Wallace Alexand 
,amington. Shan States, 1895. 25. 

Cockerell, Theodore D. A. Colorado, Jamaica, etc., 1891-93. 714. 

Cocks, Charles S. Crimea, 1855-56. 

Cocks, John. 1843-55. (Algae.) 

Coimbra Garden. 1878-79. 509. 

Cole, Miss Edith. Somali Land, 1895. 340. 

Cole, Rev. J. A. Sierra Leone, 1896. 

Colenso, Rt. Rev. John William, Bishop of Natal. Natal, 1857. 

Colenso, Rev. William. New Zealand, 1840-94. 5115. 

Collett, Colonel Sir Henry. 1879-99. Simla, 3 ; Afghanistan, 
161 ; Burma, Java, etc., 746 ; Canaries, 46 ; Algeria, 21 ; Spain and 
Corsica, 13. 

Collie, Alexander. 1826-18. "Blossom" and "Sulphur" 
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Collingwood, Dr. Cuthbert. Pratas Island, 1867. 

Collins, I. India, 1881. 19. 

Collins, W. Natal, 1856. 



Colonial Museum, New Zealand. See New Zealand. 
Colvill, William Henry. Bagdad, 1873. 109. 
Combs, R. 1897. Cuba, 677 ; Iowa, 100 (fasc. i.) 

Comins, Rev. Richard Blundell. Norfolk and Solomon Islands, 
1882-09. 351. 

Commerson, Philibert. Madagascar (ex Herb. Brown). 



Cooke, Dr. Theodore. Bombay, 1893-99. 43. 

Cooley, Miss Grace. Alaska, 1892. 182. 

Cooper, Sir Daniel, Bart. Australia, 1861. 

Cooper, J. J. Costa Rica, 1886. 300 (Ferns). 

Cooper, Thomas. Cape, 1863-85. c. 3075. 

Cooper, Consul William Marsh. China, 1884-86. 58. 

Copeland, Ralph. Trinidad, 1884. 

Copenhagen Museum (per). Mexico, Greenland, 1870-86. 553. 

Coppinger, Dr. Richard William. 1879-82. Tahiti, 26 ; Chili, 
46 : Patagonia, 159 ; Australia. 90 : Seychelles, 88. 

Cordemoy, Hubert Jacob de. Bourbon, 1875-97. 88. 

Cordukes, S. Natal, 1878. 12. 

Corning, Erastus. (Cult. Orchids, Reiehenbach's types), 1890. 

Corrie, Alfred. Fiji, 1874. 12. 

Cosson, Ernest Saint-Charles. 1857-90. Algeria, 33 ; Marocco, 
1553 ; Marocco and Algiers, 1104 ; Tunis, 682. (Inch 100 of 
Bunge's types of S<u '$<>!>'(). 

Coulter, Thomas. California, Mexico. 



Coville, F. V., and F. Funston. Death Valley, 1894. 143. 
Cox, Miss. Tasmania, 1864. 63. 
Craig-Christie, Alexander. Britain, 1877-92. 
Cranwell, W. B. Monte Video, 1882. 50. 

North Borneo, 1895-96, 



Croall, Alexander. Britain, 1844-62. 
Croker, Mrs. F. Europe, 1880. 

Crombie, Rev. James Mascall. Britain, 1874-77. (Lichens) 
ent, i.-ii. + 123. 
Crosby, C. S. Vavau, 1894. 

Cross, Robert. Chimborazo, Loxa, 1882-84. 100. 
Crowtber, William. Gold Coast, 1892. 



Crueger, Hermann. Trinidad, Venezuela, 1849-59. c. 
Cruttenden, Charles J. Somali Land, 1853. 
Cullewaert (or Callewaert), Charles. Congo, 1886. 14, 
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Cummins, Surg.-Capt. Henry Alfred. 1894-96. India, 15 ; 
Sikkim, 38 ; Ashanti, 379. 

Cunningham, Allan. Australia, New Zealand, 1828-36, 1891. 

Cunningham, J. F. British Central Africa, 1899. 25. 

Cunningham, Richard. Australia, 1823-35. 

Cunningham, Robert Oliver. Magellan, etc., 1869. 611, etc. 

Curdie, Daniel. Australia, 1851. 

Curnow, William. Britain, 1841, etc. 

Currey, Frederick. Britain, etc., 1856-81. (Mycol. Herb., 1881.) 

Curror, Dr. A. B. Angola, 1843-44. 

Curtis, Charles. Timor, Java, Samatra, Borneo, Penang, Perak, 
1881-99. 2535 ; see also VEITCH, 1898. 

Curtis, Rev. Moses Ashley. North America, 1836 -38. 

Curtiss, A. H. North America, 1878-97. 3002. 

Cusack, W. H. West Australia, 1897. 

Cusick, W. C. Eastern Oregon, 1898. 199. 

Cuthill, W. Canton, 1874. 



Czekanowski, 



. ! s.s.-,. 



Czermak, -. 1899. See Reineck & ( 



.. - 
LI 00. 
Daintree, Richard. Queensland, 1873. 251. 
Dalhousie, Lady C. 1826-47. See Ramsay. 
Ball, -. Aleutian Islands, 1871. 

Dalzell, Nichol Alexander. India, 1817-63. 273, and Herb. 1297. 
Dammann & Co. Naples, 1.893-94. Abyssinia (and cult.). 14. 
Banford, Mrs. A. E. Cilician Taurus, 1876-79. 38. 
Danger, W. J. King George's Sound, 1865. 200. 
Daniel, -. Australia, Fiji, 1M*. 198. 
Daniell, Dr. William Freeman. West Africa, 1856. 
Darbishire, Otto Vernon. 1896. (Algae). 
Darby, S. Australia, 1893. 
Darwel, Rev. L. Europe, 1876. 

Darwin, Charles Robert. Fernando Xoronha, Galapagos, etc.. 

833-39. i o , , 

Davenport, A. China, 1879. 



David, Abb6 Armand. Tibet, China, 1873-89. 363. 

Davies, Miss G. Europe, 1880. 

Davies, George. Europe, 1874. (Lichens). 

Davidson, Colonel Alfred Augustus. Kumaon, Gurwhal, 

Davis, -. (per Veitch.) South America, 1881. c. 106. 
Davy, Joseph Burtt. California. 1895-98. 285. 

i Boundary Commission, 
Dawodu, T. B. Lagos, 181)9. 11. 
Beakin, Br. Richard. Britain (Lichens), 1836. 
Beasy, Capt. Henry Hugh Peter. Tibet, 1897. 
Becaisne, Joseph. [1835-63 ?] 1869. (Peppers). 34. 
Becaisne, J. & J. E. Planchon (per). Columbia, 1869. 46. 
}r D t «.£«3pigny, Eyre Champion. 1889-91. India, South Africa, 
Belavay, Abbe\ -. Yunnan, 1886-93. 520, etc. 



19 

Delessert, Baron Benjamin. 1824-49. ? 

Delisle, -. Reunion, Seychelles, 1878. 210. 

Denham, Adm. Sir Henry Mangles. Percy Islands, 1870. 15, 

Denison, Sir William. 1846-62 (Orchids). 

Dennes, George Edgar. Britain, 1847 ? 

Dent, Christopher. Britain, 1841. 

Denton, George Chardin. Lagos, 1895. 

Deplanche, - and C. Vieillard. New Caledonia, 1865. 220. 

Deppe, Friedrich. Mexico ; see Schiedb, C. J. W. and F. D. 

Derry, R. Malacca, 1889. 101. 

De Toni, Giovanni Battista, and David Levi-Morenos. Italy 
(Algae), 1886-89. l.'hycntlieca Indiana, n. 1.50. 

Desmazieres, Jean Baptiste Henri Joseph. France (Cryptogams) 
1880. 2000. 

De Vriese, Willem Hendrik. Java. 

De Vriese, W. H. & P. Harting. (Marattiaceae.) 

Dewar, A. Britain, 1834-36. 

Dickie, George. Britain, 1837-68. 

Dickins, Frederick Victor. Japan, Hong Kong, 1864-81. 769. 

Dieck, Dr. G. North America, 1898. 70. 

Dieffenbach, Ernst. New Zealand, 1842-44. 

Diell, Rev. J. Tahiti, 1837. 

Dietrich, Amalia. Brisbane, 1863-66. 30. 

Dill, Dr. -. Hong Kong (before 1861 ; Ferns). 

Dillon, Dr. R. Q. See Quartin Dillon, R. 

Distin, H. Jamaica, 1830-40. 

Divers, W. H. Florida, 1891. 

Dobson, Sir William Lambert. Tasmania, 1883. 

Dod. See Wolley-Dod. 

Dodgson, Col. David Scott. Khasia, Sikkim, 1876. 35. 

Doerfler, Ignaz (per;. 1890-97. Tirol, etc., 207 ; Crimea, 328. 

Dombey, Joseph. Peru, 1864, " a few." 

Donaldson, Sir Stuart. Australia, 1862. 

Douglas, David. California, 1825-34. 

Dovat (or Dorat), Dr, Sonsonate, 1864. 



Juan Fernandez ; Patagonia, 

Drege, C. P. Cape ? 

Drege, Jean Frangois. Cape, 1876. 

Dresser, Christopher. Britain, 1860. 

Driffield, — . Australia, 187,2. " Lot 289." 

Druce, Herbert. 1898. (Cult, Orchids). 

Drummond, James. Australia, 1812- GO. 

Drummond, Thomas. North America, 1829-35, 1871. 

Drummond Hay. See Hay. 

Dufour, Leon. Pyrenees, 1829. 

vii. 200. See 

Dumbleton, W. D. Cape, 1870. 
Duncan, James. Mauritius, llodriirm-z, 1817-62. 
Duncan, James W. (son of the above). Mauritius. 
Dundas, Henry, Capt., R.N. Mexico, 1832. 
Du Petit Thouars, Louis Marie Aubert. Madagascar. 
Dupray, Felix. See. Rotjmeguere, C. and F. Dtjpray. 
Durand, Th<*ophile (per). Costa Rica, 1891. 
D'Urban, William Stewart Mitchell. Natal, 1861-61. (Ferns). 
Durieu de Maisonneuve, Michel Charles. Spain, 1835. 
Dusen, Per. Cameroons, 1893, 274 ; Patagonia, 1899. 
Dusen, P., and R. Kidston. Europe, 1896. 

Duthie, John Firminger. 1871-99. Britain, Europe, 208 ; 
India (Kashmir), 7281. 
Dutton, Charles. Australia, 1852. 
Duval-Jouve, Joseph. France, etc., 1871. 40. 

Europe, 1870-84, 692. 



Eagle, Francis King. Britain, 1831-46. 

Earle, F. S., S. M. Tracy, and Carl F. Baker. South West 



Easmon, Dr. John Farrell. Gold C 
East, Capt. James Wylie. Crozets, 1880. 



, Miss Alice. California, 1897. 

Spitsbergen, Magellan, 

Eaton, Major (U.S.A.), and Dr. - Edwards. Mexico. 

Eaton, Daniel Cady. North America. Sandwich Islands, Ber- 
muda (chiefly Ferns). 1855-81. See also Farlow, W. G., 
Anderson, and D. C. E. 

Ecklon, Christian Friedrich, and Carl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher. 
Cape, 1834. (7-8000 in the Enumeratio, but many in single 
specimens). 

Eclipse Expedition. 1872. Lord Howe Island. 64. 

Edgerly, John. New Zealand, 1842. 

Edgeworth, Michael Pakenham. India, etc., 1841-83 ; Herb. 

Edmonston, Thomas Biot. Shetland, Falkland Islands. 1837-45. 

Edwards, Dr. (U.S.A.). See Eaton and Edwards. 

Edwards, William. Britain, 1839-41. 

Egerton, Mrs. Robert. Beluchistan, 1890. 

Eggers, Baron Heinrich Franz Alexander. 1881-97. Bahamas, 
360 ; C.iba, 578 ; West Indies (excl. Cuba) 2113 : Ecuador, 587. 

Ehrenberg, Carl. Mexico. 

Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. Orient, 1864. 

Eights, Dr. - New South Shetland, Patagonia, Chili, 1835-38. 

Ekstam, Otto. Novaia Zemlaia. 1896. 77. 

Ellacombe, Rev. Canon Henry Nicholson. Europe, 1876. 

; Mada- 
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Elliott, E. A. Baluchistan, 1895. 

Elliott, Rev. W. A. Matabeleland, 1886-72. 



Ellis, Job Bicknall. North America (Fungi), 1882-85 ; cent. 

Ellis, J. B. and B. M. Everhart. North America (Fungi), 1886-95 ; 

Ellis, Robert. North West Himalaya, 1879-83. 762. 
Ellis, Rev. William. Madagascar, 1855-62. 
Elmer, A. D. E. Washington Territory, 1899. 440. 
Elsey, J. R. North Australia, 1853-59. 



22 

Elwes, Henry John. 1871. Sikkim. 125. 

Engler, Adolf (per). 1884-98. 

Endres, E. Costa Rica, 1875-81. 541. 

Endress, -. Pyrenees, 1831. 

Engelmann, George. North America, 1813-68. 

Enys, J. D. New Zealand, 1877-89. 17. 

Ernst, Gustav Adolf. Venezuela, Columbia, 1870-82. 36. 

Ervendberg, L. C. Mexico. 

Evans, Maurice S. Natal, Zululand, 1894-98. 150. 

Everett, A. H. Celebes, 1895. 92. 

Everett, Lt.-Col. William. Kurdistan, 1885. 

Everhard, C. W. China, 1878-79. 86. 

Everhart, Benjamin Matlock. See Ellis and Everhart. 

Eyre, Lt.-Col. John. Hongkong, 1850. 

Faber, Rev. Ernst. China, 1887-91. 953. 

Paber, Rev. E., and others. China, 1889. 101. 

Fair, Dr. -. Uruquay, 1890. 100 (Grasses). 

Fairholme, R. Tropical Africa, 1844. 

Falconer, Hugh. India, 1837-63. 

Falconer, H. and others. India, 1865. 

Farlow, William Gilson. North America, Bermuda, 1881-99. 

. C. Eaton. North America. 
Farmer, John Bretland. Perim, 1895. 
Faurie, Rev. Pere. Japan, 1892-99. 5500. 
Favrat, Louis, and William Barbey. Switzerland, 1880. c. 3300. 
Fawcett, William. Jamaica, 1888-98. 418. 
Fedtschenko, Boris. Turkestan, 1899. 40. 

-98. Cape (Lichens) ; Novaia 
Felippone, Dr. F. Montevideo, 1889. 72. 
Fellmann, N. I. Lapland, 1865. 370. 

Fendler, Augustin 1851-91. Chagres (ex Herb. Benth.), Trini- 
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Ferguson, Daniel. Ireland, 1838. 

Ferguson, William. Ceylon. 1850-88. 701 (Algae). 

Ferreira, Dr. Alexander Rodrigues. Brazil, 1874. 

Field, Barron. Spain, 1835. 

Field, H. C. New Zealand, 1877. 

Fielding, Henry Barron. 1834-51. (ex Herb.). 

Figari, Antonio. Nileland, 1886. 472. 

Filhol, -. Campbell Island, 1878. 35. 

Finlay, Dr. Kirkman. West Indies, 1873-77. 128 (chiefly 

jrasses). 

Finck, Dr. Hugo. Mexico, 1865-04. 1464. 
Firmin, Miss L. H. Falkland Islands, 1805-06. 44, etc. ' 
Fischer, Friedrich Ernst Ludwig. Russia, 1824-53. 
Fischer, S. Arabia (ex Herb. Bentham), n. 1-208. 
Fisher, H. Britain, Franz Josef Land, 1890-97. 
Fisher, S. H. Europe, 1876. 
Fitt, George. Britain, 1844. (Mosses.) 
Fitzalan, Eugene. Mount Eliot, 1864. 

Flahault, Charles. Norway, Lapland, France, 1880-01. 138. 
Flanagan, H. G. Kei River, 1898. 

Fletcher, James. British North America, 1881- 85. 27. 
Florence, Herbarium. Italy, 1878, 181 : (cult.) 1800, 5. 
Floyer, Ernest Ayscough. Persian Gulf, E^rypr, 1S76-89. 36. 
Floyer, Mrs. E. A. Buenos Ayres, 1804. 70. 
Focke, Dr. Wilhelm Olbers. Germany (llubus), 1887. 16. 
Foggett, William. Britain, 1800. 
Foot, Frederick T. Ireland, 1860. (Ferns.) 
Forbes, Edward. Lycia, 1843. n. 1-720. 
Forbes, Francis Blackwell. China, 1884-87. 153. 
Forbes, Henry Ogg. Java, Indian Archipelago, North Guinea, 
'ormosa, 1881-87. 480. 
Forbes, James. 1830-42. (Cult.) 
Forbes, Dr. John, of Chichester. Mexico, 1837. 
Forbes, John, A. L. S. Cape de Verde Islands, 1844 ? 
Forbes, W. A. Brazil, 1880. 



Ford, Charles. China, Hongkong, Formosa, 1875-99. 1807. 
Forster, Edward. Britain (ex Herb.) c 1300. 



A. 1- 

Foslie, M. Norway, 1899. (Calcareous Algae.) 

Foulkes, Rev. Thomas. India (Nilghiris), 1855-60. 

Fox, Dr. -. Madagascar, 1885. 50 (Orchids). 

Fox, Miss. See Hayne, Fox, and Post. 

Fox, " Mr." Brazil, 1857 ? n. 1-420. 

Fox Strangways. See Strang ways, W. T. H. F., 4th Earl of 
Hchester. 

France : Societe Dauphinoise pour l'echange des plantes, 
1878-8^. 1492. 

, on y ai ? cl " : -^* ii ' Dr> F " Gu adelupe Island, California, and California, 
1893-95. 75. 

Franchet, Adrien Rene (per). Japan, 1876-91. 32. 

Francis, George. Britain, 1835-64. 

Franqueville, Count Albert de. Abyssinia (Legum.), 1863-65. 

Fraser, Charles. Australia, 1824-31. 

Fraser, Dr. John. Britain, Sweden, 1875-85. 

Fraser, Dr. M. Borneo, 1885. 293. 

Fraser, Patrick Neill. Canaries, 1890. 20. 

Frere, Sir Henry Bartle Edward. Zanzibar, 1873. 26. 

Frere, W. E. Bombay, 1858. 

Freeman, A. Upper Nile, 1877. 99. 

Freeman, Edward P. Bosnia, 1873. 100. 

Freeman, E. P., and — Lucas. Upper Nile, 1877-99. 

Friderichsen, K., and Otto Gelert. Denmark (Eubus), 1887-89 ; 

Fries, Elias Magnus. Scandinavia, 1847-65. 

Fries, Thore Magnus. Greenland, Scandinavia, 1872. 201. 

Fritsch, K. Zambesiland, 1897. 

Fritzsch, Baron von. See Rein and Baron V. Fritzsch. 

Fryer, Alfred. Britain, 1891. 36 (Potamogeton). 

Fuckel, Leopold. 1884, etc. (Fungi) 2700. 



Fullagar, -. Lord Howe Island, 1874. 91. 
Funck, Nicholas. Mexico, 1840. 

>9. See also Coville, 

Furtado. See Arruda Furtado, J. d\ 

Gadeceau, Emile. France, 1895. 14. 

Gaillardot, Charles. Syria, 1862. 

Gairdner, Meredith. North-west America, 1833. 

Galeotti, Henri. Mexico, 1840-46. 

Galpin, Ernest Edward. Transvaal, 1889-98. 1337, etc. 

Gamble, James Sykes. India, Tibet, 1884-96. 382. 

Gandoger, Michel. Europe, 1879-96 (Rosa), 411 ; Spain, 926. 

Garber, Dr. A. P. Porto Rico, 1880. 142. 

Garden, Capt. Robert Jones. Cape, 1854 ; Asia Minor, 1857. 

Gardiner, William. Scotland (Muscineae), 1843. 500. 

Gardner, George. 1836-47 ; Brazil, n. 1-6110 ; Ceylon, n. 1-1224. 

Garovaglio, Santo. 1836-39 ? (Mosses). 

Garrett, G. H. Sierra Leone, 1889. 178. 

Gasparrini, Guilielmo. 1836. (Mosses). 

Gattinger, Dr. A. Texas, 1882. 

Gaudichaud-Beaupre\ Charles. Macao, Cochin China, Malaya, 
1886. 237. 

Gaumer, G. F. Yucatan, Honduras, 1885. 544. 

Gautier, Gaston. 1899 ; France and Spain, " Hieraciotheca," 
fasc. i.-v. and 334. 

Gay, Claude. Chili, 1864 ; New Caledonia, 660. 

Gay, Jacques. 1824-56, 1868 (Herb.), 15,435 sheets ; Europe, 
207;; ; India. 745; New Caledonia. 1*7; North America, 569; 
West Indies, Mexico, Central America, 1422. 

Geheeb, Adalbert. 1872-81 ; Europe, 800 ; (Musci) 326. 
Gelert, Otto. See Friderichsen and O. G. 
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Germain, Philippe. Chili, 1856-57. 508. 



Gniesbreght, August. Mexico, 1868-73. 

Gibert, Ernest. Monte Video, 1858-82, 1402 (Parana, n. 1-100 ; 
Paraguay, Trees and Shrubs, 1-84 ; Monte Video, 1858, 1-196 ; 
1-71 ; 1-114 s Assumption, 1-84). 

Gibb, Col. James Shaw. India, 1874. 

Gibson, - (per Veitch). India, 1882. 18. 

Gibson, Alexander. India, 1841-60. 

Gibson, George Stacey. Britain, 1844-48. 

Gibson, Eobert J. Harvey. 1893. Britain. 

Giesecke, Charles Lewis. Greenland (Fuci), 1817. 

Giffard, Consul J. Vera Cruz, 1841. 

Gilbert, — . Western Australia, 1872. " Lot 312." 

Gilbert, -, and - Sharpe. Australia, 1872. " Lot 328." 

Giles, Dr. George Michael James. Gilgit, 1886. 1200. 

Gilg, Ernst (per). Brazil, 1897. 

Gill, Dr. - Cape, 1826. 

Gill, Rev. W. Wyatt. Pacific Islands, 1872-82. 48. 

Gillies, John. Chili, 1823-34. 

Gilpin, Miss Helen. Madagascar, 1877-79. 74 (Ferns). 

Giraldi, Padre, and others, ex Herb. Biondi. China, 1898-99. 
389. 

Gissing, Thomas Waller. Britain, 1865. 

ngi). Sec also 

Glasgow, C. P., and Henry Nicholas Ridley. Singapore, 1808. 227. 

Glaziou, A. Brazil, 1868-94. 22,799. 

Glendinning, Robert. 1844-57. (Cult, plants.) 

Glocken, — (per Reichenbach). Bahia, 1865. 

Glover, Sergt. Persia, 1872-73. 65. 

Glover, Thomas. Britain (and Cult. Plants), 1834 -65. 

Goadby, B. T. Western Australia, 1898-99. 144. 

Godefroy-Lebeuf, A. 1876-78. Cambodia, 709 ; Siam ; Portugal, 
100. 
Godman, Frederick DuCane. Azores, 1866. 490. See also Salvin 



27 
Goebel, Dr. Carl Eduard. Venezuela, British Guiana, 1893. 
Goeze, Edmond. Portugal, 1870-75. 54. 
Goldie, Rev. H. Old Calabar, 1888. 
Goltan, W. India, 1898. 
Gomes, Dr. Europe, 1875. 
Gomm, Elizabeth, Lady. India, 1856. 
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>f Carlisle. 1880 (Herb. 

Goodrich, L. C. Arabia, 1883. (Ferns.) 

Gordon, Alexander. North America, 1845. 

Gordon, Sir Arthur. Fiji, 1877. 

Gordon, George. 1878. 132 (Coniferae). 

Gordon, Henry J. Ascension, 1889. 154. 

Gorman, Martin W. Alaska, 1896. 184. 

Gosse. See Schombtjrgk, Sir Richard. 1874. 

Gosse, P. Ancles, Aconcagua, 1899. 56. 

Gottsche, Carl Moritz. See Rabenhorst, L., and C. M. G. 

Gouan, Antoine. France, etc. Herb. (cf. A. De Candolle, 
Phytographie, p. 414.) 
Gouin, Dr. Vera Cruz. 
Gourlie, William. Scotland, 1842. 
Gower, William Hugh. 1895. 
Grabowski, Henri Emanuel. Europe ? 1842. 
Graeffe, Dr. Fiji, Polynesia, 1880. 289. 
Graham, G. J. Mexico (Benth. PL Hartw., pref. p. iv.). 
Graham, Maria. Brazil, 1824-25. 
Graham, Dr. Robert. 1831-45. 
Grant, -. Franz Josef Land, 1880. 12. 
Grant, Abdul Kerim. Morocco, 1887-88. 1319. 
Grant, J. W. India, 1846-48. 

Grant, Col. James Augustus. Tropical Africa, 1860. 
Gray, Asa (per). North America, etc., 1835-88. Upwards of 
Gray, John. West Indies, 1887. 64. 



Green, Rev. W. S. New Zealand, 1882. 

Greene, Benjamin D. Bermuda, Cuba, 1831-32. 

Greene, Edward Lee. California, North Mexico, Arizona 
880-95. 850. 

Gregg, Dr. Josiah. Mexico. 

Gregory, H. K. Pernambuco, 1882. 18. 

Gregory, Consul William. Formosa, 1867. 

Greville, Dr. Robert Kaye. Scotland, 1825-56. 

Grey, Adm. Hon. George. Cape, 1850-63. 

Griffith, T. R. Seychelles. 1890-93. 

Griffith, William. India, 1843-45 (n. 1-648, ex Herb. H. E. Ind. 
Jo. ; Khasya, n. 1-492, ex Herb. Bentham). 

Griffith, W. and - Heifer. India, 1863. 

Griffiths, Mrs. Amelia W. Britain (Algae), 1830-55. 

Grisebach, Heinrich Rudolf August. Rumelia, Hungary. 1835-63. 

Grosse, H. Paraguay, 1898. 17. 



Groves, Henry (of Florence). Italy, 1877-86. 935. 
Groves, James. Britain, 1890. 

Guadagna, M. (ex Herb, per I. H. Burkill). Naples, 1899. 
Guerke, Maximilian (per). West Indies, 1894. 357. 

Guilding, Rev. Lansdown. St. Vincent, 1823-31 ; 1899, 2 t 
of drawings. 

Guilianetti, A. New Guinea, 1897-98. 2 collections. 

Guillemin, J. Antoine. 1832-39 ; 1892. 

Guise, Sir W. V. Europe, 1875. 

Gunn, Ronald Campbell. Tasmania, New Zealand, 1835 
n. 1-1259, etc. 

Guppy, Henry Brougham. Solomon Islands, Keeling Isl 
Java, 1885-89. 400. 

Gurney, Miss. Tropical Africa, 1855. 

Gussone, Giovanni. Italy, 1834-36 ; 1863. 

Gwynne-Vaughan, David Thomas, North Brazil, 1898. 77. 

Gwyther, C. J. Queensland, 1899. 

Haage & Schmidt, Messrs. (per). Mexico, 1864-87, etc. 67. 
Haast, Sir Julius von. New Zealand, 1861-85. 474. 



Habel,Dr. Galapagos, 1870. 28. 

Hackel, Eduard. Europe, 1885-87 (Festuca), 97 ; (Andropogon) 

Hahn, Ludwig. Martinica, 1868-78. 1896. 

Hall, Col. Pichincha, 1837. 

Hall, Elihu. Oregon, Virginia, 1872. 812. 

Hall, E., and others. Oregon, 1872. 22. 

Halle, Hughes Fraser. Europe, 1850-52. 

Hallett, R. W. Singapore, Borneo, 1885. 280. 

Halstead, Dr. M. B. Panama, 1850. 

Hamilton, A. Macquarie Island, 1897. " Set." 

Hamilton, Francis, formerly Buchanan. India. 1829 ? 

Hamilton, William. Europe, 1829-38. (Med. plants.) 

Hampe, Ernst. 1846. (Mosses.) 

Hanbury, Daniel. 1848 -73 ; ex Herb., 1877. 82. 

Hanbury, D. and Daniel Oliver. Isere, Dauphine, 1864. 180. 

Hanbury, Thomas. Canaries (and cult, pi.), 1892-99. 24. 

Hance, Henry Fletcher. China, 1848-88. 614. 



Hann, William. Australia. 1873. 251. 
Hanna, Major Henry Bathurst. 1860 ? 

,o?o an > n . in ^o n ' RtIlev - James > Bish °P of East Equatorial Africa. 
1883-86. 236. 

Hanwell, T. New Zealand, 1874. 16 (Ferns). 

Hardwick, Thomas. 1828-29. 

Hariot, Paul. Tropical South America, 1884. 12. 

Harland, Dr. William Aurelius. Hong Kong. 1856-59. 

Harman, F. E. Sante Fe ; Uruguay, 1884. 57. 

Harris, Dr. China, 1880. 

Harris, William. Jamaica, 1887-96. 324. 

Harrison, P. G. Costa Rica, 1884. 14 (Ferns). 

Hart, Henry Chichester. Palestine, 1884. 1310. 

Hart, John Hinckly. Jamaica, Trinidad, etc., 1886-99. 845. 

Ha-t, Sir Robert. China, 1892. 



30 
Hart, Dr. W. H. Sierra Leone, 1882. 57. 
Harting, P. See De Vriese, W. H., and P. H. 
Hartman, Carl. Scandinavia (Mosses), 1880. 450. 
Hartmann, C. H. Queensland, New Guinea, 1881-88. 83. 
Hartweg, Theodor. Mexico, Columbia, Ecuador, 1845-48. 
Harvard Arboretum. 1882. 96. 

Harvard University, p 
Expedition, 70 ; North 

Harvey, William Henry. Ireland, Cape, 1831-73. 

Hassall, Arthur Hill. Britain (Algae), 1842-44. 

Hasselt, W. Jan Conrad Adrian van. 1855. 

Hasskarl, Justus Carl. Indian Archipelago, 1825-68. 

Hassler, Dr. Ferdinand A. Paraguay, 1897. 1351, etc. 

Hauck, Ferdinand, and P. Richter. " Phycotheca un 
cent. i-xv. 1500. 

Haughton, Capt. -. St. Helena, 1863-04. 100. 



Hawker, Hon. George C. Australia (Algae), 1886. 

Haworth, Adrian Hardy. 1834. 

Hay, Miss Drummond. Tangier, Morocco, 1853. 

Hay, J. H. Drummond. Algiers, Morocco, 1878. 

Haydon, Walter. Hudson's Bay, 1880-84. 248. 

Haygarth, — . South Africa, 1890. 84. 

Hayes, Sutton. Panama, 1898. 

Hayne, W. Amherst, - Fox and G. E. Post. Syria, 1873. 

Hearles, N. (?) India, 1885. 

Hearsey, Brigadier John Bennett. Punjaub, 1850. 

Hector, Sir James. New Zealand, 1864-85. 429. 

Hector, Sir J., and J. Buchanan. New Zealand, 1867. 2< 

Hedin, Sven. Tibet, 1899. " Complete set." 

Heer, Oswald. Europe, 1865. 421. 

Herr, 0., and C. G-. Bruegger. Europe, 1863. 30, 



See Griffith and Helfer. 
Arthur. 1894-99. North Mexico, 180 ; Idaho, 55 ; 
Hawaii, 540 j in all 1274. 
Henchman, John. Cnmana, Mexico, 1835-40. 
Henderson, A; Guinea, 1880. 16 (Ferns). 
Henderson, Dr. George. Yarkand, North West India, 1871-85 ; 
375, etc. 
Henderson, Col. Frederic. India, Himalaya, 1875-77. 29 (Ferns) 
Henning, — . New Guinea. (Fungi). 



Henry, Mrs. A., and Miss Mary Henry. Colorado, 1895. 

Henry, Rev. B. C. Hainan, 1886. 103. 

Hens, Franz. Congo, 1888-89. 258. 

Henshall, John. Java, 1850-56. 

Henslow, Rev. John Stevens. Britain, 1826-57. 

Hervey, Dudley Francis Amelius. Malacca, Aden, 1886-93. 
11, etc. 

Hetley, Mrs. New Zealand, 1887. 

Heudelot, — . Senegambia, 1838- ? 

Heward, Robert. 1839-63. Ferns (ex Herb. T. Moore), 1887. 

Heyde, Rev. — . Tibet, 1872. 

Hickin, H. J. China and Corea, 1896. 305. 

Hickson, Dr. Sydney J. Indian Archipelago, Mexico, Arizona, 
887-90. 45. 

Hiern, William Philip. Britain (Ranunculus), 1870. 179. 

Hieronymus, Georg. Argentina, 1880. 179. 

Higgins, Rev. Henry Hugh. West Indies (Crypt.), 1876. 142. 

Higginson, Walter. Lagos, 1890. 20. 

Hildebrand, Friedrich Hermann Gustav. (Cult. O.valis), 1887. 

Hildebrandt, Johann Maria. 1875-84. TWicil vfricu, Mada- 
ascar. 2253. 

Hill, H. C. N.W. Provinces, India, 1899. 35. 

Hill, Walter. Australia, 1859-79, 



Hillebrand, William. Honolulu, etc., 1862-80. 
Hinds, A. J. Britain, 1896. 

Hinds, Richard Brinsley. 1842-44. " Sulphur " collections. 
Hitsch, G. Servia, 1891 154. 
Hobkirk, Charles C. P. Britain, 1874. 

Hobson, Lt. Col. Julian Campbell. India and Archipelago, 
1874-75. 

Hobson, Edward. Britain (Mosses), 1875. Ex Herb. Moggridge. 

Hobson, Commissioner H. Edgar. Tibet, 1897. 

Hochstetter, Christian Friedrich. 1843- 45 (Unio itin. etc.). See 

also HOHENACKER. 

Hoey, Henry Edwards. North America, 1853-62. 

Hoffman, Dr. Carl. Costa Rica, 1853- ? 

Hohenacker, Rudolph Friedrich (Per ?). c. 6280. Caucasus, 
ed. II., pars lma., 570 ; id. coll. 6., 55 ; coll. 7, 78. Europe :— 
Volhvnia, leg. Besser, 32; PI. Jurae helvet. n. 400-760; Alp. 
valrs! 215 : Alp. rhaet. 2H> : Alp. Warns, n. 210-371) ; Alp. Tirol. 
IT.".; Gerni. med. et bor., n. 185-1300 (in all 2395). Chili, 
Philippi det. Grisebach, iv. v. n. 82-152 ; Surinam, Kappler, 
det. Grisebach, section 8, n. 40-100 ; Nob, PI. Mesopot. det. 
Boissier, n. 40-145 ; Hochstetter, A., Napol. det. Gr/ssoxE, 
325; Sohi.mper. Al.vss., Azov. det. Hochstetter, n. 200-475, and 
3P0-4600, Lechler, Terrae Sue viae et Silvae nigrae,n. 390-1630. 

Holboll, Carl, per J. W. Horneman. Greenland, 1825. 

Schmidt. " Deutschl. Schwamme," 

Holland, J. A. Old Calabar, 1897-98. 157. 
Hollrung, M. New Guinea, 1889. 364. 

Montserrat, West Indies, 1879. 

Holmes, Edward Morell. Britain (Crypt.), etc. 1874-99. 

Holmes, Sir William Henry. Guiana, 1863. 100 (Orchids). 

Holmes, Sir William Richard. Diarbekr, 1858. 

Holmwood, Consul Frederic. East Tropical Africa, 1883. 

Hoist, C. Usambara, 1894. 1345. 

Hoist, C, and others. Usambara, 1897. 471. 

Holten, Hermann von. Columbia, 1855 ? n. 1-1004. 

Holub, Dr. Emil. South Africa, 1883. c. 600, and 42 (Algae). 

Holway, Edward W. D. North America, 1899. S6. 



Hombron, Bernard, and others. New Zealand, 1880. 88. 
Home, Sir Everard. Australia, New Zealand, 1816-51. 

India, Morocco, 

Hooker, Sir J. D. and Major Madden. Aden, 170 ? 
Hooker, Sir J. D. and Thomas Thomson. Himalaya, 1863. — ? 
Hooker, Sir William Jackson. Britain (and Herb). 
Hooker, William. New Zealand, 1870-71. 16. 
Hooper, H. D. M. West Indies, Honduras, 1886. 79. 
Hope, Charles William Webley. North India, 1889. 29 (Ferns). 
Hoppe, David Heinrich. Europe, I860. 107 (chiefly Can:,-). 
Hore, Rev. William Strong. Britain, Malta, 1840-45. 
Home, Charles. Trinidad, 1861. 

Home, John. Mauritius, Seychelles, Fiji, 1865-83. 2290, etc. 
Denmark, Greenland, 1818-36. 1867. 

Horner, A. C. Greenland, 1875. 95. 
Horsburgh, Rev. H. Java, 1856. 

Horsfield, Thomas. Java, 1860 ? (Collector's own set, bought at 
lie ; it wants the Monocotyledons and Cryptogams). 
Horsley, Lt.-Colonel Frank. Travancore, 1871. 



Hostmann, Dr. F. W. Surinam, n. 1-1400. 1811-43. (Ex 
[erb. Bentham.) 

Hough, Mrs. Walter. See Zuck, M. 
Houzeem, L. 1892. (Cult, Orchids). 
Huebsch, Anton. Central America, 1887. 84. 
Huebener, J. W. P. Europe, 1878. 105 (Hepaticae). 
Huegel, Carl, Baron von. Australia, 1842-46. 
Huet du Pavilion, A. Armenia, South Europe, 1853-56. Arme- 
ia. coll. 1.S53. .'>:>'); Sardinia, Appenines, 2-300; Alps, Col de 
Tenda, 200 ; Alps, Valais, 400 ; >; ■ '.1. BOISSIER 

"* 606; Algeria, 4-500; 



Hugh, Father. China, 1898. 
Huguenin, — . Europe, 1863. 
Humblot, Leon. 1883-85. Madagascar, 608 ; Comoro Ial., 446. 



Hume, Andrew. Chagos Islands, 1883. 23. 
Hunt, George Edward. Britain (herb. Mosses, presented by 
ohn Hunt), 1873. 

Hunter, Alexander. Madras, 1851-61. 

Hunter, Major Frederick Mercer. Aden, Arabia, 1880-84. 375. 

Hunter-Weston, Lt.-Colonel Gould. Baltistan, Kashmir, 1891. 



Hutchinson, Major Alexander Hadden. Himalaya, 1876. 
Hutchinson, Thomas T. Tropical Africa, 1851-59. 
Huter, Rupert. Tirol, Spain, Himalaya, 1866-95. 2546. 
Hutton, Henry. Cape, South Africa, 1859-80. 84, etc. 
Hutton, Miss. Cape, 1896. 
Hyslop, Dr. James Macadam. Bagdad, 1852-54. 

I'Anson, - 1888. (Orchids). 

Ibbotson, Henry. Britain, 1845. 

Ibrahim, -. Marocco, 1881. 82. 

Ilchester, William Thomas Horner Fox Strangways, 4th Earl See 
Strangways. 

Iliff, William Tiffin. Syria, West Indies, 1845-46. 
Imray, Hon. John. Dominica, 1859-63. 

im Thurn, Everard Ferdinand. British Guiana, 1879-85. 1005. 
Inchbald, Peter. Britain, 1850-76. 
Ingram, -. Gambir, 1866. 74. 
Irving, Alexander. (Fungi). 1856. 
Jrving, Edward George. Abbeokuta, 1844-55. 



Jackson, Benjamin Daydon. Britain, 1874. 

Jacob, Capt. E. Chusan, Hong Kong, 1863-64. 20. 

Jaeger, -. Haiti, 1802. 143. 

Jaeggi, Jacob. Europe, 1876-77. 95. 

Jaeschke, Rev. H. 1865-70. Ladak, Cabul, Labul. 433. 

Jamaica, Government Botanical Department (per), 1>>" 86 
489. 

James, Prank Linsly, and J. Godfrey Thrupp. Somalilaud. Lv\>. 
224. 

James, Col. Sir Henry (per). Sinai Survey, 1870. 176. 

James, H. E. M. North China, Manchuria, 1886-87. 163, etc. 

James, Thomas Potts. North America, 1850. 

Jameson, Dr. William (of Quito). Ecuador, Argentina, n. 1-829 
and 693. 1827-65. 

Jameson, Dr. William (of Saharanpur). Himalaya, 1860 ? 

Jameson, Consul George. Kiukiang, 1886. 

Jamieson, G. H. T. « Salt Range," 1878. 39. 

Jamin, P. Algiers. 

Janka, Victor von. Transsylvania, Turkey, 1864-72. 121. 

Jayeteleki, -. Ceylon, 1857-58. 

Jefferies, T. L. Persia, 1888. 26. 

Jenkins, Col. Francis. Assam, 1842-50. n. 1-623 (ex Herb. 



Jenner, J. H. A. Britain, 1879. 

Jennings, Alfred Vaughan. New Zealand, 1890. 

Jennings, Capt. Robert Henry. Persia, 1886. 36. 

Jepson, Willis Linn. North America, 1897. 

Jerdon, Thomas Caverhill. India, 1874. (Ferns). 

Joad, George Curling. Europe, 1871-79. 428 (Herb.), 1881-82. 

Johns, Rev. Charles Alexander. Britain, 1834-47. 

Johnson, Rev. E. Travancore, 1856-67. 258, etc. 

Johnson, Hon. E. P. Yucatan, 1850. n. 1-141 (Herb. Bentham). 

Johnson, James Yate. Madeira, 1855-77. 

Johnson, Prof. Thomas. Ireland, ISvl. 



Johnson, Ven. Archd. William Percival. Nyassa, etc., 1 

Johnson, William H. Gold Coast, 1898. 16. 
Johnston, George. Britain, 1830-35. 



Johnston, Surg.-Maj. John Wilson. Afghan, 1880-81. 41. 

Johnston, Dr. Wingate (per). New Zealand, 1837. 

Joliffe, John. New Zealand, 1856. 

Jones, Marcus B. Utah, 1881. 

Joshua, William. Britain, 1885. 311 (Algae). 

Jordan, Alexis. France, 1852. 

Jungner, J. R. Cameroons, 1893. 30 (Hepaticae). 

Kaernbach, Ludwig. New Guinea, 1894. 25. 
14 Kalbreyer, W. 1877-84. West Tropical Africa, Columbia. 

Kanitz, Agost. Hungary, 1892. 50 (Mosses). 

Kappler, A. Surinam, 1845. Also per HOHBNACKBR, 186a 60. 

Karelin, Gregor. Persia, Turkestan, 1838. 512, etc. 

Karelin, G., and P. Kiriloff (per A. Richteu). 1846. 

Karo, Ferdinand. Dahuria, 1892-94. 536. 

Karsten, Hermann. Columbia, 1846. 

1883. Fungi ; fasc. i.-x., 
Kaurin, Rev. Chr. Norway. 1883-95. 19 (Mosses). 
Keck, Dr. K. Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, 1.SN9. 324. 
Keenan, R. L. Cachar, 1874. 550. 

Kelt, W. Ireland, 1874. 27 (Fungi) ; Natal, 1878. 32. 
Kellermann, William A. Kansas, 1890. 50 (Fungi). 
Kennedy, — Swellendam, 1871. 

Kent, Adolphus Henry (per). 1889. 6 (Masdevallia), 27 (cult 
Kerber, Ed. Mexico, 1883. 200, 



Kerr, J. G. ] 
KiaBr, Franz. 



Kidd, James. Australia, 1845. 

Kidder, Dr. -. Kerguelen, 1871*. 55. 

Kidston, Robert (per H, Braithwaite). Tanganyika. (Mosses.) 



Patagonia, Australia, 1813 ? Chili (ex 

King, Sir George. 1875-07. India, Malaya. 8289, etc. 

Kingo Miyabe. See Ml y a be, K. 

Kingsley, Miss Mary Henrietta. Cameroons, 1896. 

Kirelow (or Kiriloff), Porphyrius (per A. Richter). Central 

Kirk, Sir John. 1857-96. Tropical Africa, Seychelles, Comoro 
slands, Somali-land. 
Kirk, Thomas. New Zealand, 1866-95. 1210. 
Kirkby, Rev. W. Britain, 1873. 
Kitching, Langley. Madagascar, 1880. 49. 
Klatt, Friedrich Wilhelm (per). (Irids), 1864. 
Klausenberg (Koldsvar) Garden (per A. Kasitz). Europe, 1882. 

Klotzsch, Johann Friedrich. 1837-55 — ; Herb. Mycol., 1884. 
00. 

Kneucker, J. Andreas. Europe (Carex), Lief, i.-v., 150. 

Knight, Dr. Charles. New Zealand, 1852-83. 

Knobel, William. Cape, 1878. 27. 

Koch, Max. South Australia, 1899. 314. 

Koch, Wilhelm Joseph Daniel. Europe (Salix). See Leefb. 

Koorders, S. H. Malay Archipelago, 1894-98. 1366, etc. 

Kotschy, Theodor. 1842-77. Aleppo, n. 1-397 ; .Ethiopia, n. 
-581 ; Mesopotamia, n. 1-606 ; Cyprus and JSvria, 401 ; Orient, 
; Nubia, 215. See also UNIO itinerary, 1843-44. 

Kraenzlin, Franz (per). Andes, Timor-laut, etc., 1886-99. 



Kralik, Louis. 1849-83. Algeria, c. 150 ; Corsica, Egypt, Nubia. 
Marocco, 228. 
Krause, G. A. Gold Coast, 1889. 103. 
Krauss, Ferdinand. Cape, Natal, 1830-43, n. 1-482. 
Krempelhuber, August von. India, South America, 1874. 192. 
Kreuter, F. Austria, 1853-59. 
Kiickenthal, Georg. Europe, 1899. 29 (Carex). 
Kuhn, Dr. Max. Madagascar, 1869-84. 12. 
Kunth, Carl Sigismund. 1869. (ex Herb.) 
Kunze, Gustav. 1837-82. (Ferns.) 

Kunze, J. 1879-82. (Fungi) cent, i.-vi. ; fasc. 1-12. 600. 
Kuntze, Carl Ernest Otto. 1887-94. 1140. 

Kurtz, Frederico. Lord Auckland Island, Argentine, 1877-95. 47. 
Kurz, Sulpiz. Andamans, Burma, India, 1867-78. 1528. 

Labillardiere, Jacques Julien Houton de. 1835. 300 (ex Herb.) 
Lacaita, Charles Carmichael. Greece, Italy, 1880-84. 95. 
Lace, John Henry. Afghanistan, Beluchistan, North-West India, 

Laidley & Co. (per O. Weigel). 1895. Central Africa. 614. 
Lamb, F. H. North America, 250; West Mexico, 150; 1898, 

Lambert, Aylmer Bourke. 1832-41. (ex Herb.) 

Lamington, Lord. Sec ( *oc h it a x e-Baillie. 

Lamson-Scribner, Frank. North America, 1896-99. 330. 

Landsborough, Rev. David. Britain, 1835-39. 

Lange, Johan Martin Christian. Denmark, Greenland, 1868-82. 

Langlasse\ — . Mexico, etc., 1899. c. 211. 

Langley, Samuel Pierpont (per), North America, 1895. 17. 

Lapham, Increase Allen. North America, 1832-63. 

Larbalestier, Charles Du Bois. Britain, Channel Islands, 

(Lichens) 580. (Lichen Herb., fasc. 1-9.) 

La Saviniere, de. Java, Celebes, 1886. 237. 

La Trobe, Charles James. Australia, 1855. 

Last, J. T. East Tropical Africa, Madagascar, 1885-99. 599. 



Laurent, Emile (per). Congo, 1807. 
Lauterbach, Dr. Carl. New Guinea, Kai 
Law, John Sutherland. Bombay, 1842 
Lawrence, R. W. Tasmania, 1837. 



Laws, Dr. -. N'yassa, 1878. 

Lawson, Marmaduke Alexander. Tasmania, 1882 ; Madras, 1884- 
95. 216. 

Lay, George Tradescant. Mexico, North West America, 1828. 

Layard, E. Orient, Kurdistan, New Caledonia, 1879-89. 87. 

Lea, Thomas Gibson. North America, 1812. 

Lechler, Wilibald. Chili, 925 ; Peru, 315 ; Magellan and Falk- 
land Islands, 1858-59. See a/so Hohenacker, 1863; altogether, 
Phanerogams, 2173 ; Mosses, etc., 289. 

Ledebour, Carl Friedrich von. Altai, 1827-49. 

Leeds, Edward. 1876. Herb, and cult, plants. 782. 

Leefe, Eev. John Ewbank. Britain (especially Sulix) ; Queens- 
land, etc. (Herb.) 1869-89. 1753, etc. 

Lefebre, — . Algeria, 1865. 



Leggett, William Henry. North America, 1873. 25 (Lichens). 

Lehmann, Alexander. Asia, 1863. 198. 

Lehmann, Johann Georg Christian. Asia (ex Herb. ?).. 1824-63. 

Lehmann, Friedrich Carl. Columbia, Central America, 1**3-86 
2. 
Le Hunte, George Ruthven. Pacific Islands, 1884. 43. 



Leiburg, John B. North America, 1890. 39 (Mosses). 

Leichtlin, Max. (Cult, plants), 1898. 24. 

Leighton, Rev. William Allport. Europe, 1861-82. (Herb). 

Lemann, Charles. 1841-65. (ex Herb.) 

Lemmon, John Gill. California, Arizona. 1875-86. 362. 

Lenormand, Rene". California, New Caledonia, 1812-71. 1445. 

Lepervenche, Meyrien. See Meyrien, L. 



Lupine, -. India, 1886. 25. 

Leprieur, — . Guiana, 1883. 72 (Ferns). 

Leskowatz, -. Servia, 1891. 129. 

Lester, Ven. Archd. George Mackenzie. Queensland, 1898. 

Lester, J. Brown. Gambia, 1891. c. 750. 

Letourneux, Aristide. Egypt, Orient, 1878-83. 423. 

Lettsom, W. G. (per). Montevideo, 1858-62. 

LeveilW, Augustin Abel Rector. Europe, 1897. 39 (Epilohium). 



Levier, Dr. Emile. Andamans, 1891. 

Levinge, Harry Corbyn. Malaya, Himalaya, Ireland, 1876-91. 
97, etc. 

Levy, Paul. Nicaragua, 1872. 152. 

Lewis, Hon. S. Sierra Leone. 1870. 

Leybold, Friedrich. Chili, 1862-75. 

Leycester, A. R. Australia, 1859-61. 

Leyden, Herbarium. Malaya, 1869-82. 298. 

L'Herminier, Edm. de. West Indies, Guadeloupe, 1847. — 
(Ferns). 

Libert, Mdlle. Marie Anne. Ardennes, 1877. 400 (Crypt.). 

Liebmann, Frederik Michael. Mexico, 1854-93. 943. 

Lindberg, G. A. Brazil, 1865. — (Ferns). 

Lindberg, Sextus Otto. Finland, Iceland, Scandinavia, 1868-94. 
1771. 



1854-94. Mexico, Tropical America, 

Linden, Lucien. Tropical America, 1893-94. 31. 
Lindheimer, Ferdinand. Texas, 1845 ? 
Lindig, Alexander. Columbia, 1869. 300. 
Lindley, Dr. John. 1828-59 ; 1865 (Orchid Herb.). 
Lindman, C. Brazil and Paraguay, 1899. 69. 

Iceland. 



Linney, M. Albert. Falkland Islands, 



Linton, Rev. Edward Francis. Britain, 1887-98. 13. 
Linton, Rev. E. F., and others. Britain, 1802-98. (Rubus. faa 
-v., 125 ; Hin;,ri H ,n. fase. i.-iii.) 75. 

Linton, Rev. E. F., and Rev. William Richardson Linton. Britaii 
889. {Rosa.) 

Lippincott, James Starr. California, 1876. 62. 
Lippold, Dr. - Madeira, 1837. 
Lisboa, Dr. Jose Camillo. Bombay, 1891-94. 22. 

nica. 1871-79. Europe, 293 ; Brazi 
Lister, Arthur. Britain, 1889-90. 



Littledale, St. George R. Tibet, 1895. 
Littledale, Mrs. St. G. R. Mongolia, 1898. 

Livingstone, Dr. David. Tropical Africa, 1856-74. (Also 8 plants 
1 found in his memorandum book.") 
Lloyd, George N. Britain, 1831-52. 

Lobb, Thomas. Malaya, Singapore, Java, 1854-98 ; n. 1-486, 
nd 900. 

Lobb, William. California, 1858-84. 1139, etc. 

Lockhart, David. Trinidad, 1829-42. 

Lockhart, John. St. Vincent, Trinidad, 1832-44. 

Lockwood G. Kharakhiir (Behar), 1877-53. 

Loder, Sir Edmund Giles, Bart. 1893. — 

Loddiges, Conrad. Cult, plants, 1831-46. 

Loddiges, George. Cult, plants, 1831-46. 

ran, H. T. New Zealand, 1865-67. 95. 

ue, Miss Kate F. G. Australia, 1888-89. 168. 

», A. Philippines, 1897-98. 
Lojacono, Michele. Italy, 1885-89. 302. 
Lojka, Hugo. Europe, 1875-87. 646. 
Lombe, Dr. Thomas Robert. Australia, 1894. 
Lombe, Rev. E. New Zealand, 1873. (Ferns.) 
London. India Museum, 1874 80. 235. 
Pharmaceutical Society, 1895. 



London. University College, 1879. 16. 
Longman, W. Rio Janeiro, 1872. 47 (Ferns 
Loomis, — . Ascension, 1891. 
Lord, John Keast. Red Sea, 1869. 197. 
Lord, J. K., and — . Bauermann. Sinai, is 68. 



Lorentz, P. C, and others. Argentine. 

Low, Hugh, & Co. 1849-93. (Cult, plants ; Reichenbach'e 
Irchid types, etc.) 

Low, Sir Hugh. Borneo, Malaya, 1883. 

Lowe, Rev. Richard Thorn 
675, etc. 

Lowne, Benjamin Thompson. Syria, 1864. 991, etc. 

1st Baron Avebury. 1887. 

Lucas. See Freeman and Lucas. 

Lucas, Charles James. Cult. Orchids. 1893. 

Ludwig, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm, Baron von. Cape, 1835-39. 

Luehmann, J. George. Australia, 1879-99. 

Luerssen, Christoph. Australia, Polynesia, 1880. 340. 

Lugard, Capt. Edward James. Bechuanaland, c. 250 ; Xgami- 
ind, n. 1-228. 1897-99. c. 478. 
Lumholtz, Carl. Australia, 1884. 
Lumholtz, Dr. — . Mexico, 1894. 547. 

Lunt, William. Hadramaut, c. 300 ; Aden, 150. 1894. c. 450. 
Luscombe, John. Britain, 1851. 
Lyall, Dr. David. Oregon Boundary, 1848-62. 
Lyell, Mrs. Katherine M. 1855-76. (Ferns.) 

Maack, Richard. 1863-77. Asia, Ussuri, Japan. 859, etc. 
Mabille, Jules P. Corsica, 1865-68. 412. 
MacArthur, Sir William. Australia, 1848-63. 
McArthur, Capt. -. South Australia, 1848 ? 228 ? 
McCabe, Joseph. Lake Nganii. 
Macarthy, Rev. J. China, 1878. 23. 



43 
McCalla, William. Ireland, 1841. (Algae.) 

McCatty, Dr. A. G. Jamaica, 1874. 13. 
MacClelland, Dr. John. Pegu, Bnnnab, 1855. 
McClounie, J. Milan ji, 1895. 20. 

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Mac6, — . Coromandel, 1886. 175. 

Macfadyen, Dr. James. Jamaica, 1837. 

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McGillivray, John, and W. G. Milne. Brazil, Cape, 1850 ? c. 400. 

McGregor, Sir William. New Guinea, Louisiades, 1889-90. 81. 

Mclvor, William Graham. Nilghiri. 1848. n. 1-54. 

Mack, Mrs. J. India, Assam, 1837. 

Mackay, James Townsend. Ireland (and cult, plants), 1830-62. 
.88. 

McKen, Mark John. Natal, 1848-71. 

McKen, M. J., and J. Buchanan. Natal, 1867. 133 (Ferns). 

McKenzie, Mrs. Zululand, 1882. 88. 

McLea, John H. Graaf-Reinet, Cape, 1872-73. 

Maclean, Adm. John. Peru, 1837 ? 

Maclear, Capt. John Fiot Lee Pearse. Christmas Island, 1887. 

(Herb. Ferns, 357 ; 

McLeay, G. Syria, 1863. 

McNab, Dr. Gilbert Jamaica, 1847-89. 

McNab, Dr. William Eamsay. Cape, 1890. 689, etc. 

MacNab, James. Britain, 1832. 

Macoun, James Melville. Canada, 1895-99. 1394. 

Macoun, John. Canada, 1863-95. 5519, etc. 

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Cape, 1884-88. (Cent, i.-ix. 



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Mader, P. A. Cape, 1874. 
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Mann, Horace, and William T. Brigham. Sandwich Islands' 
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Mansell-Pleydell, John Clavell. Britain, 1875. 

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Marshall, Rev. Edward Shearburn. Britain, 1891. 95. 

Marshall, G. A. K. South Africa, 1896. 

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Mason, Nathaniel Haslope. Madeira, 1855-67. 172, etc. 

Massalongo, Caro. Italy, 1878-83. 151, etc. (Hepaticae). 

Massee, George Edward. Britain, 1886. 33. 

Masters, Maxwell Tylden. Britain (cult. Conifers), 1880-90. 22 



45 

Matsumura, Jinzo. Japan, 1893. 1350. 

Mathews, Andrew. Peru, Society Islands, 1829-41, 2111, et 

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Maw, George. Europe, 1870-86. 83. 

Maze, H. Guadeloupe, 1890. 1982. 

Meade, Col. Richard John. 1873. India. 104 Grasses. 

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Mellersh, Capt. A. Pegu, 1855. 

Mellichamp, J. H. Carolina, 1880. 

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Mennell, H. T. Europe, 1879. 

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Mesny, Col. China, 1881. 22. 

Metcalfe, P. H. Norfolk Island, 1884. 94. 

Metz, -. (per Hohenacker). 1851. 

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Meyer, Carl Anton. Asia ? 1836-53. 

Meyer, Ernst. Europe, 1845. 

Meyer, L. C. Tobago, 1879. 33. 

Meyrien, Lepervenche. Mauritius, 1837. 

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Middleton, M. Bermuda, 1873. 125. 

Miers, John. South America, 1828-78. Ex. Herb., 102 parcels. 
Milde, Dr. Julius. Europe, 1861-69. 12. 
Miles, Elizabeth. British Columbia, 1864. 

Mill, John Stuart. Britain, Europe. Herb., 2350 kept, the rest 
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Millett, Charles. China, 1825-31. 
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Miyabe, Kingo. Japan, 1893. 237. 

Mocino, Jose" Mariano. Mexico. 

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Moore, Thomas T. T. Britain? 1857. 

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Indies, 3 ; 

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Murton, H. J. Singapore, Siam, 1878-82. 318. 
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Nairn, Rev. Augustus Kyd. Bombay, 1888. 

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75213 



56 

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Painter, Rev. William Hunt. Britain (Nxbus), 1891. 

Paiva, Baron do Castello de. Columbia, Portugal, Azores, 
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Palermo Garden, per A. Todaro. L889. 

Palmer, Dr. Edward. Utah, Colorado. Arizona, Mexico, 
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Pammel, Louis Herman. Iowa, 1899. 454. 



51 

Pancher, Jean Armand Isidore. New Caledonia, 1S70. 440. 
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Parkinson, John. Mexico, 1841-45. 
Parlatore, Filippo. Italy ? 1841-60. 
Parlovic,-. Servia, 1879. 45. 
Parnell, Richard. Britain, 1834. 
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Parry, Dr. C. C, and E. Palmer. Mexico, 1879. 294. 
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Pearce, Richard William. Chili, Peru, Ecuador, 1868-84. 3166. 
Pearson, William Henry (per). 1886-88. Natal, Australia. 
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Pentzke, - Daintree River. (Fungi.) 

Pareira, Dr. Jonathan. 1841-51. (Part of Economic Herb.) 

Perez, George V. Teneriffe, 1886-97. 

Penmin, Louis. Cilicia, 1873. 222. 

Perrottet, Georges Samuel. Senegainfcia, 1835. 

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Persieh, W. A. Australia, 1883. 

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Peters, J. M. North America, 1854. 

Petherick, John. Tropical Africa, 1863. 

Petit, Antoine. Abyssinia, 1865. 

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■ Pfau, Richard. Costa Rica, Guatemala, 1889-94. 

Pfundt, Dr. C. Kordofan, Darfur, 1877-78. 758. 

Philippi, F. Chilian Andes, 1896. 

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Phillips, William. Britain, 1871-81. (Fungi, fasc. i.-iv.) 200. 

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Pierre, Dr. L. 1880-99. Cochinchina, Cambodia, West Tropical 
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Pike, Warburton. Canada, Alaska, 1892. 
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Pire, Louis. Belgium, 1880. 50 (Mosses). 

Pittier de Fabrega, Henri P. Costa Rica, 1888. 50. See also 
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" Porcupine," H.M.S. Malta, 1870. 
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Portella, Francisco. Rio, 1877. 96. 
Porter, G. India, 1823. 
Porter, Sir Robert Ker. Caracas, 1836-41. 

.v ■ - 



tire also 



Potts, Thomas Henry. New Zealand, 1876. 
Powell, H. St. Vincent, 1891-93. 74. 
Powell, J. T. Britain, 1887. 
Powell, Rev. Thomas. Samoa, 1862-90. 951, 
Pratt, Antwerp E. China, 1891. 870. 
Prain, David. India, 1892-99. 1192. 
Preiss, Ludwig. Australia, 1839-45, 1866. 9; 
Prentice, Charles. Australia, 1871-74. 
Prescott, John D. Russia, 1828 ? 
Prestoe, Henry. Trinidad, 1864-85. 83. 
Preston, Rev. Thomas Arthur. Britain, 1878. 
Preuss, Dr. Paul. Cameroons, 1894, 79, 



Prior, Dr. Richard Chandler Alexander (formerly Alexander). 
Cape, 1859-91. 
Prout, J.W. Borneo, 1866. 33 (Ferns). 

Central Asia, 1892. 58. See 

Pullen, Capt. William John Samuel. Red Sea, Kurrachee 
(Algae), Abyssinia, 1859-63. 
Purchas, Rev. William Henry. Britain, 1876. 
Purdie, William. Trinidad, 1843-55. 132. 
Purdy,-. Darfur, 1879. 132. 
Purpus, C. A. California, 1897. 264. 
Purton, Thomas. Britain (Fungi), 1830. 
Purwell, Dr. India, 1863. 



Quartin Dillon, Dr. Richard. Abyssinia, 1865. 
Quelch, John Joseph. British Guiana, 1895-98. 382. See also 
McC'ONNELL, F. V., and J. J. Q. 



Rabenhorst, G. L., and C. M. Gottsche. Europe (Hepaticae). 

Raciborski, M. Malaya, 1899. 

Radcliffe, Mrs. Kashmir, 1883. 

Radde, Gustav. Turkestan, Caucasus, 1863-90. 

Raddi, Giuseppe. Italy ? 1819-23. 

Raffles, Sir Stamford. Java, 1826. 

Ralfs, John. Britain, 1838-77. 

Ralph, Thomas Shearman. New Zealand, 1863. 

Ramage, G. A. West Indies, 1888-89. 795. 

Ramsay, Lady Christina, 10th Countess and 1st Marchioness 
Dalhousie. 1826-47. Madeira, Rio, Cape, Marocco, Penang, India. 
600, and 400 dupl. 

Rand, Edward S. Brazil, 1891-94. 12. 

Rattray, John. West Africa, 1886. 49. 



Rawson, Sir Rawson William. Cape, Mauritius, 1849-72. 
Reade, William Winwood. Tropical Africa, 1869-70. 30. 
Reader, P. M. F. Australia, 1881-93. 311, etc. 
Redhead, R. Milne. Syria, 1865. 

Reed, EdwynC. Chili, Mendoza, Juan IVrnamlez, 1873. 206,and 
787 ex Herb. 

Reed, L. D. North America, 1893. 300. 
Reeves, John. China, 18.29. 2.10 (ex Herb. K. Brown). 
Reeves, Walter Waters. Britain (Ferns), 1869. 247. 
Regel, Albert. Central Asia, 1880-90. 3360. 
Regel, Eduard August von (per). 1857-70. Asia. 1283, etc. 
Regnell, Dr. Anders Fredric. Brazil, 1867-82. 1486. 
Rehm, Dr. Heinrich. Europe (Lichens. Fungi), 1884-95. 374. 
Rehmann, Dr. Anton. South Africa, Europe, 1878-98. 2887, etc. 



Reichenbach, Heinrich Gustav. Europe (cult, pi.), 1865. 80. 
Reid, Miss (per Miss K. D. Reid). China, 1899. 
Rein, Dr. Johannes, and Baron von Pritzsch. Marocco, 1S73. 463. 
Reineck, - and - Czermak. Central Brazil, 1899. 98. 
Reinsch, Dr. Paul Priedrich. Europe (Algae), 1873-76. 2237. 
Repper, Benjamin. Mexico, 1846-48. 
Requena, Pedro. Mexico, 1857-58. 
Requien, Esprit. Europe, 1829-50. 

Reuter, Georges Francois. Orient, 1847-48. 155 (ex Herb. Mogg- 
ridge, 1875). 
Reverchon, Elis^e. Sardinia, Crete, 1882. 846. 
Reynaud, -. India, 1886. 
Reynolds, — . South Chili, Patagonia, 1837. 
Richards, Capt. George Henry. Vancouver, 1858. 

. 40 (Grasses 

Arctic Regions, British 

See Hauck and R. R. 



Ridley, Henry Nicholas. Malaya, Fernando Noronha, 1889-99. 
8398, etc. 

Riedel, Ludwig. 1859-99. Brazil, Malaya, etc. 1840. 

P. and 

Riley, A. R. Australia, 1868. 

Rink, Hinrich Johannes. Greenland, 1853. See also Trevelyan. 
Roberts, -. New Zealand, 1837. 
Roberts, G. Jamaica and Oregon, 1855. 

Robertson-Glasgow, Charles Ponsonby (formerly Glasgow). Sin- 
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Robertson-Glasgow, C. P., and H. N. Ridley. Singapore, 1898. 



Robinson, William Wellesley. Malaya, 1877. 
Robinson, Sir William. Bahamas, 1877-79. 192. 
Roekhill, William Woodville. Tibet, 1893. 54. 
Rodie, Dr. British Guiana, 1852. 
Rodway, Leonard. Tasmania (Fungi). 1*96-99. 141. 

Roezl, Benedict. 1871-89. Mexico, Columbia, California 
i. 331. 
Rogers, H. Cornwallis. Argentina, 1899. 30. 
Rogers, Rev. William Moyle. 1880-98. Cape, Britain. 149. 

See ASCHERSON 



Roper, Freeman Clark Samuel. Britain, 1880-84. 

Rose, Joseph Nelson. Mexico, l.v.'l-'.'l. See also Palmer, E. 
nd J. N. R. 
Rosmead, Lord. See Robinson, H. G. R. 
Ross. Henry James. Italy, 1892. 

Ross, Sir James. Arctic and Antarctic Regions, 1827-44. Herb. 
Ross, Rev. John. 1877-90. North China (Moukden). 1156, etc. 
Rostowzew, S. Russia, 1891. 
^oth, Dr. - Syria. 



Rothery, Henry Cadogan. French Cuiuna. Dominica, Madagascar, 
1845-53, 1889. (Herb.) 

Bottler, Johan Peter. India, 1872. (Herb.) 1918. 

Rough, — . Polynesia, 1869. 

Roumeguere, Casimir. France (Fungi, cent. 1-61), 6100 ; (Algae 
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Roumeguere, C. and F. Dupray. France (Algae, cent, 13). 100. 

Roux, — . 1875. (Ex Herb. Moggridge.) 

Rovirosa, Jose* N. Mexico, 1890-91. 650. 

Rowland, Dr. John William. Lagos, 1890-98. 870. 

Rowlee, Dr. W. W. North America (Willows), 1896. 18. 

Royle, John Forbes. India, 1832-57, 1895. 

Ruegel, -. Cuba, 1887. 352. 

Rumsey, Comr. Robert Murray. Gold Coast, 1882. 15. 

Ruprecht, Frantz Ivanovitch. Caucasus, 1885. 212. 

Rusby, Henry Hurd. Bolivia, Peru, 1888-97. 1565. 

Rustler, P. H. India, 1895. 60. 

Rutherford, -. South Africa, 1812. 

Rydberg, P. Axel. Dakota, 1891. 350. 

Saccardo,Pierandrea. Italy. (Fungi, Mycotheca veneta), 1884. 1600. 

Sagorski, Ernst. Transsylvania, 1896. 82. 

Sagot, Paul. Guiana, 1860-78. 1002. 

Sainthill, R. Chili, 1870. 151 (Ferns and Mosses). 

St. John, Major Oliver Beauchamp Coventry. Persia, 1872. 46. 

St. Hilaire, Auguste. [South America.] 

St. Petersburg, Herbarium. Imperial Botanic Garden, 1832-S9. 
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Salvin, Osbert. Central America, 1860-74. 412, etc. 

Salwey, Rev. Thomas. Britain, 1833-59. 

Salzmann, Philipp. Brazil (Hb. Benth.), 1854. — . 



Sampson, G. Theophilus. China, Formosa, 1864-93. 142, etc. 

Samson, John. Venezuela, 1887. 

Sandberg, John H. Idaho, 1897. 844. 

Sander & Co. (Colt, and wild Orchids.) 1881-99. 394. 

Sanderson, John. Natal, 1864-77. 171, etc. 

Sanderson, J., and others, per J. M. Wood. Cape, 1887. 91 
(Orchids). 

Sanford, Henry A. Australia, 1859 ? 80. 

Sanio, Dr. Karl. Europe, 1876-80. 64. 

Sargent, Charles Sprague. Florida, 1881-98. 187, etc. 

Sartorius, Carl. Mexico, 1860 ? 

Sartwell, Henry Parker. North America (Carex), 1842-51. 

Saulcy, Louis Felicien Joseph Caignart de, and — Michon. Syria, 

Saunders, James. Britain {Cham), 1883-88. 29. 

Saunders, Mrs. Katherine. Natal, etc., 1881-99. 426. 

Saunders, William Wilson. 1843-82. Herb., incL Botteri, Salle, 
Lt.-Col. ILushv (Travaiu-nr. ; . Wallace (Ind. Arch.), Hill field Herb. 
271. 

Savatier, Dr. Ludovic. South America, 1886. 

Sawkins, -. India, 1873. 20. 

Europe (Lichens ; fasc. 1-26), 

Mexico, 1857-81. 1204. (Ferns, per 

Schauer, Johann Conrad. 1834-37. 

Scheffer, Rudolph H. C. C. Ind. Archip., 1870-78. 307, etc. 

Schell, -. Honduras, 1875. 

Schetelig, A. Formosa, 1868. 

Schiede, Christian Julius Wilhelm, and F. Deppe. Mexico. 



Schlafli, Dr. Bagdad, Mauritius, Persia, 1863-65. 131. 
Schlechter, Friedrich Reichardt Rudolf. Natal, etc., 1896-99. 2711. 
Schlim, Louis. Columbia, 1854. 878. 
Schmid, Dr. Bernhard. Nilghiri, 1891. 942 (Herb.). 



Schmidt, -. See Haage and Schmidt ; Holl, F., and S. 
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Schmidtz, Dr. Fr. (per Reichenbach), 1865. 

Schomburgk, Sir Richard. 1869-84. Australia, New Caledonia, 
Polynesia, 874. 

Schomburgk, Sir Robert Hermann. 1836-64, 1872. St. Domingo, 
British Uuiuna. Aden, Malaya, Siam. 3568, etc. 

Schousboe, Peter Kofod Anker. Marocco, 1872, 1883. 927. 

Schott, Heinrich Wilhelm. Transsylvania, 1843-56. 

Schrenk, Alexander. Soongaria, 1866-70. 900. 



Schubert, C. See Reichenbach, H.G.L., and 0.8. 
Schultz, Fred. Australia, 1870-71. 573, etc. 
Schultz [Bipontinus], Carl Heinrich. 1842-63. 
Schur, Philipp Johann Ferdinand. Transsylvania, 1878. 590. 
Schweinfurth, Georg. 1867-97. Egypt, Nileland, Arabia, Socotra, 
Abyssinia. 3913. 
Schweinitz, Lewis de. North America (Fungi), 1823-28. 800. 
Scoresby, William, junior. Greenland, 1822. 
Scortechini, Rev. Benedict. Malaya. 1886-87. 269. 
Scott, Consul Benjamin Charles George. China. 1885. 
Scott, John. India, 1870. 
Scott, W. Lawrence. Nyassa, 1888. 582. 
Scott Elliot, G. F. See Elliot, G. F. S. 
Scouler, Dr. John. North America, 182S-52. 
Scribner, F. L. See Lamson-Scribner, F. 
Scully, J. Nepal, 1880. 256. 
Scully, Reginald William. Ireland, 1889-90. 45. 
Scully, W. C. South Africa, 1887-88. 85. 
Seemann, Berthold Carl. " Herald " Voyage, 1867. 152. 
Seler, E. Mexico, 1898. 133. 
Bellow, Friedrich. Brazil, 1840 ? 
Selwyn, Capt. Jasper Henry. Tropical Africa, 1855. 
Sendtner, Otto. Bosnia, 1847. 
Sharpe, — . See Gilbert and Sharpe. 



60 
Sharpe, Alfred. Nyassaland, 1897. 3 boxes. 
Shaw, Henry. St. Louis, 1855. 30 < gat ) 
Shaw, Dr. John. Cape. 1869-75. 396. 
Shaw, Dr. Thomas. Barbary, 1880. (In Herb. Goodenough). 
Shearer, Dr. George. China, 1875. 602. 
Shepherd, Henry (per). 1826-44. 
Shepherd, McCraes. New Zealand, 1852 ? 14. 

4415. & 

Short, Charles Wilkins. North America, 1832-45. 
Short, Thomas Kier. Australia, 1838 ? 
Shuter, James. Madras, 1824. 

Shuttleworth, Robert James. 1831-46 ; dupl. ex Herl 
Moggridge. 
Shuttleworth, Mrs. Columbia. 1886. 
Shuttleworth, Carder & Co. (per). Andes, 1889. 110. 



Siehe, W. Asia Minor, Cappadocia, 1899. 1176. 

Siler, A. L. Utah, 1873-74. 72. 

Sim, John. Britain, 1845-74. 

Sim, Robert. Fern Herb., 1885. 

Sim, Thomas Robertson. South Africa, 1890-94. 549. 

Simons, C. J. India, 1854. c. 500 ? 

Sims, John. General "Herb., before 1854. 

Sinai Survey. See James, Sir H. 

Sinclair, Dr. Andrew. South America, New Zealand, 1 

Sinclair, Mrs. Sandwich Islands, 1885. 52. 

Singapore, Botanic Garden. 1882. 53. 

Sintenis, Paul. 1884-99. Armenia, Asia Minor. Tro 
lico. 6008. 
Sintenis, P., and G. Rigo. Cyprus, 1881. 986. 
Sintenis, P. See also Bornmueller, J., and P. S. 
Sintenis. " fratres." Dobrudscha, 1874. 564. 
Skeete, E. L. Barbadoes, 1895. 



Skinner, George lire. Honduras, 1836-57, 1884. 104. 

Skinner, W. J. Damaraland, 1899. 

Slade, Lieut. Edmond John Warre. Hamish Island, Red Sea, 
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Smiles, F. H. North Siam, 1894. 116. 

Smith, Andrew. Cape. 1891. 

Smith, Mrs Anna Maria. Fiume, Firol, 1871-73. 146. 

Smith, Benjamin Leigh. Spitsbergen, 1871. 18. 

Smith, Sir Cecil Clementi (per). Perak, 1881-88. 

Smith, C. S. Zanzibar, 1892-93. 128. 

Smith, Christian. West Africa (ex Herb. R. Brown). 

Smith, Colin. Britain, 1829-53. 

Smith, F. (?) British Honduras. 1891. 15. 

Smith, George W. Grenada, West Indies, 1891-93. 130. 

Smith, Rev. Gerard Edwards. Britain, 1831-57. 

Smith, Herbert H. St. Vincent, 1891. 30. 

Smith, H. H., and George W. Smith. St. Vincent, Martinca, 
1889-90. 3373. 

Smith, Jared G. North America, 1898. 170. 

Smith, John Donnell. Guatemala, 1889-99. 3226. 

Smith, Robert. Mexico. 1840. 

Smith, Mrs. Walter G. See Smith, Mrs. Anna Maria. 

Pittoni. Graz and 

Smith, Worthington George. Britain (Fungi), 1873. 
Sodiro, Rev. Luis. Ecuador, 1876-87. 865 (Ferns). 
Sonder, Otto Wilhelm. Cape, 1846-65. 
Souli6, J. A. Tibet, 1896. 660. 

Soyaux, Herman. Loango, Tropical Africa, 1875-82. 552. 
Spanoghe, J. B. Java (Mosses), 1834-36. 
Spratt, -. Punjaub, 1873. 

Spencer, Comr. Nelson Grantley. South Chili, 1871. 105 (Crypt.), 
Spicer, Rev. William Webb. Tasmania, 1882. 
Sprague, Thomas Archibald. Colombia, 1899. "Collection," 
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Sprengel, Anton (per). 1828-38. 



Spruce, Richard. Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, 183u-<.i2, 9931 ; incl. 
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Stainbank, Mrs. Transvaal, 1886. 37. 

Staines, Frederick. Mexico, 1844-59. 

Stanger, William. Cape, 1854 — ? 

Stapf, Otto. South-East Europe, Persia, 1884-92. 999, incl. 
Austro-Hungary, 800 ; Persia, 178 ; Ephedra, 21. 

Staples, -. Mexico, 1833. 

Stark, M. Y. Canada, 1811. 

Starr, Miss. Japan. 1862. 

Staudt, F. West Africa, 1898. 400. 

Staunton, Sir George Leonard. 1879. China, ex Herb. R. Brown. 

Stead, -. Sind, 1877. 101. 

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Steere, Rt. Rev. Bishop Edward. Nyassa, 1878. 

Steetz, Joachim. 1846-47. 

Stephani, Franz (per). Europe (Hepaticae), 1885-97. 67. 

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Sternberg, Caspar, Graf. Europe (Saxifraga), 1829-31. 

Steudel, Dr. Ernst Gottlieb. See Hochstetter and E. G. S. 

Steudner, H. Abyssinia, 1890-92. 444. 

Steven, Chretien de (per). Russia, 1829-38. 

Stewart, Rev. Dr. Zambesia, 1868-72. 133. 

Stewart, John Lindsay. India, 1864-72. 212. 

Stewart, Samuel A. Ireland, 1875. 

Stock, Daniel. Britain, 1831. 

Stockholm Museum (per). 1872-91. Greenland, Spitzbergen, 
Sweden, Yenesei. 545. 

Stocks, John Ellerton. Sind, 1847-54. 670. 

Storck, Jacob P. Fiji, 1881-83. 28. 

Stokes, J. Lort. Australia. 1846-53. 

Strachey, Gen. Sir Richard, and J. E. Winterbottom. West 



Stribrny, V. Bulgaria, ISO 1-98. :5f,S, inch cent, i.-iii. 

Stubendorff, — von. Temperate Asia, 1863. 

Stuhlmann, Franz, and others. Tropical Africa, 1897. 171. 

Sturm, Dr. Johann Wilhelm. Europe, 1851-58. 

Sturt, Capt. Charles. Australia, 1833-58. 

Sulivan, H. N. Yenesei, 1888. 

Sulivan, I. B. Falkland Islands, 1812-52. 

Sumichrast, Prof. — . Mexico, 1866. 101. 

Suringar, Willem Frederik Reinier (per). Malaya, 1857-63. 

Sutherland, Peter Cormack. Natal, 1831-73. 
Swainson, William. 1830-12. 
Swartz, Olof. (Mosses). 1811 — ? 
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Sydow, Paul. Europe (Fungi), 1881-80. 3000. (Mycotheca 
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Tainturier des Essarts, L. F. New Orleans, 1821-36. 
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Tanner, Col. Henry Charles Baskerville. Gilgit, 1881. 
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Tate, Ralph. Nicaragua. Australia, 1868-81. 1617. 
Tatum, E. J. Britain, 1801. 
Taubert, Paul. Cyrenia, 1888. 273. 
Tayler, J. W. Davis Strait, 1860. 20. 
Taylor, Alexander Smith. California, 1855-50. 
Taylor, Charles A. Mogador, 1881. 
Taylor, Miss K. Orange Free State, 1808. 
Taylor, Mary. Jamaica, 1882. 22. 



64 
Taylor, Thomas. Ireland (Crypt.), 1832-47. 
Telfair, Charles. Mauritius, 1825-32. 
Temple, R. Honduras, 1856-65. 
Templeton, Robert. Ireland, 1831-32. 
Tenore, Michele. Italy, 1823-40. 
Teutsche & Co. Japan, 1872. 
Teysman, Johannes Elias. ^Malaya. 
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Thierry, -. Senegal, 1865. 97. 

Thorn, Dr. G. Cape, 1824-27, nn. 850-1032 ; 1034-1357. 
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Thomas, L. D. Madras, 1844. 
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Thomson, Alexander. Java, 1847-62. 

Thomson, Dr. Britain, Devonshire, 1870. 

Thomson, G. Cameroons, 1875. 30. 

Thomson, Gideon. Madras, 1854. 

Thomson, Joseph. Nyassa, Marocco, 1880-88. 536. 

Thomson, Robert. Jamaica, Venezuela, 1868-79. 

Thomson, Dr. Thomas. India, Aden, 1845-72. 1503. See also 
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Tralk, Mrs. Blanshe. Sta. Catherina, California, 1808. 202. 

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Indies, Tropical 

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Wakefield, W. New Zealand, 1864. 

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Ward, G. H. Spain, 1843. 

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fright, and C. C. 


Parry. 






Waterfield, W. 


Europe. 


South 


Afri< 


Waterhouse, — . 


Austra 


Ha. 1*61 


L-64. 


Waters, James. 


Jamaica, 1825- 


50. 


Watson, Gavin. 


North . 


Americ; 


i,18i 


Watson, Hewett Cottrell. 


Brita 


in, U 


Watson, M. E. 


Uruguay 


r, 1890. 




Watson, Sereno 


1879 


-91. 1 


?loru 



1830-52 ; 1881 (Herb.) 

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Watson, William. Brazil, 1891. 

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Weymouth, W. A. Tasmania (Mosses), 1890-91. 91. 

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Wigan, F. (Orchids.) 1892. 

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Manchuria. 16:5: Hakodate, 16,6, : Chusanand LWi 
125. 

Wilhelmi, Carl. Australia, 1855-63. 

Wilkes Expedition, 1866-85. 201 per A. Gray, and U.S. Dept. 
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Williams, J. A. Nyassa, 1892. 

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Wilms, Dr. Fr. Travancore, 1805, 500 ; South Africa, 1808, 692. 

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Wilson, Nathaniel. (Ferns.) 1847-62. 

Wilson, W. Jamaica, 1864. 17. 

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(See Strachey, Gen. 

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i (Lichens), 1873 (from the Linnean 

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Wl B im C ' *' °- N ° rdStedt - EUr ° Pe <**■■*«"•■ 



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!00. poionica, cent. M.^n 

Wood, Capt.-. Galapagos (Ferns), 1854. 44. 
861 00d LSO r e ° harleS Bedinfffield - British Colombia, 
Wood, John Bland. Britain, 1841-43. 
Wood, John Medley. Natal, 1878-09. 4030. 
Woodrow, George Marshall. Bombay, 1873-09. 360. 
Woods, Joseph. Europe, 1835-53. 
Wooton, Elmer 0. New Mexico, 1898. 574. 



Lapland, Norway, 18G7. 30. See 

Worsley, Arthington. South Brazil, 1899. 30. 

Wray, Leonard. 1850-6L 

Wray, Leonard, junior. Perak, Malaya, 1881-95. 152. 

Wray, Dr. Thomas P. Georgia, 1831-35. 

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Wright, Dr. India, 186& 

Wright, A. J. New Zealand, 18(58. 64 (Ferns and Algae). 

Wright, Charles. 1857-65, 1S73, 1893. Texas, Cuba. Jaj.au, 
Arctic America, c. 5000. Incl. West Texas, n. 77-565 , 1 7b 
wanting in Herb. Benth.). Japan, Wilkes Am. Expe-1.. ex A. < imv, 
300; do. Rodgers Exped., 200; Cuba, 90; do. (1865), 
(lStw-<;s).U73; do. (1871), 391; Arctic re-ions. Wilkes Exped. 
(1865), 320 ; Cape, 53:5 ; Nicaragua, 20. 

Wright, Edward Perceval. Seychelles, 1871. 81. 

Wright, W. G. California, 1880-84. 18. 

Wullschlaegel, H. R. West Indies, 1817. 

Wunderlich, -. Temperate Asia, 1863. 

Wyatt, Claude Wilmot. Columbia, 1870. 

Wynne, Mrs. Syria, 1861. 

Wyse, Winifrede M. Greece, 1855. 

Yeoward, Daniel. Fiji, 1891-95. n. 1-103. 

Yorke, Mrs. Britain, 1892. 

Yorke, Henry Frederick R. South Africa, 1893-91. 73. 

Young, Dr. James Forbes. Britain (Herb.), 1860 

Young, R. (Cult. Orchids), 1891. 

Zahlbruckner, Alexander. Austria-Hungary, 1899. Cent. iv. 
100. 

Zahn, -. Panama, 1887. c. 110. 
Zeiller, R. Perak, 1885. 



Zeyher, Carl Ludwig Philipp. South Africa, 1810-51 ; 
n. 1-1891, ex Herb. Benth., some wanting ; Herb. Parker, 

Zohrab, James. Asia Minor, Arabia, 1852-59 ; 1881. 13C 
See also Calvert and Zohrab. 



Zuccarini, Joseph Gerhard. Greece, BSJ7-39. 550. 

Hong Kong, 



<rK< h ; |; a I 'HICAL DISTRIBUTION. 



1.— Europe. Section 1.— Great Britain and Ireland. 

Aitchison, Anderson, W., Andrews, W., Babington, C. C, 
Backhouse, Baynall, Baker. F. .).. Balfour, J. H., Ball, A. E., 
Banks, G., Barry. Baxter, \Y.. BrtJ.v, lVn.irti, Ar„ IVnn.U. E. T., 
Bloomfield, Bloxam, Bonier, Boswell, But. Exeh. Club., Hot. 
Record Club, Bowman, J. R., Bowman, B. B... Brairhwaito, Brand, 
Bree, Briggs, T. R. A., Britten, Bromfield, Brooks. Broome, 
Brotherston, Brown, W., Burkill, Carbmiell, W. C, Carlvle, 
Carmichael. ( 'arnu-ton, Carroll, Christ v. A. K.. Chrisrv. "lB, 
Christy, R. M., Christy, W., Clarke, J.,* Craig-Christir, Vn»:dl. 
Crombie, Cruokshanks, Cuninw, Bav'u-vs. IMikin. De Crespigny, 
Dennes, Dent, Dewar, Dickie, Dresser, Duthie, Eaton, Edmonston, 
Edwards, W., Ferguson. Fislmr, Fin. Fo-<.mtr, Foot, Forster. F., 
Francis, Fraser, J., Fryer, Gardiner, Gibson, G. S., Gibson, 
R, J. H., Gissing, Glover. T., Gourlie, Greville, Griffith. J. F„ 
Griffiths, Groves, H. and J.. Groves, J.. Harv.v. Hassall. Henslow, 
Hiern, Hinds, A., Hobkirk, Hobson, Holmes, Hooker. W. J„ Hore, 
Hunt, Ibbotson, Jackson, J.-nmr, Johns. Johnston, Dr. H.H., Joshua, 
Kirkby, Landsborough, I..!.. I \ -, . . ] ,, s , Lindsay 

Linton, E. F.. Bintm,. \V. B.. Lisr.-r. A.. Lh.vd. Lu>-.mbe. M.-CaBa', 
M - >y. M, Xah. .!.. M „ .,[-!'. i . \[; .. t ]. ! ,„ ,. \[ ,.-, . 
M tth« b, w.. \'. h . . .1 . M 

Mol^yorrh. Moorv. ] >.. M ■,, T. T. T.. Barm-lS. iVur-un ami 

Carrington, Phillip, W., Blowrmht. IW.dl. T. .).. Btvston, 
Purchas, Purton, Ralfs, Reeves, W. W., Roper, Salmon, Salter, 
SaB.vay. Saun.b-rs, J.. Scully. R. \V.. Sim. J., Smith, Col., Smith, 
G. E., Smith. W. <r. 5 S vart. S. \ Stork. Stmn- ivs. Tan m, 
Taylor, T., Templeton, Thomson, Dr.. Thornhill. Townsm.d, F., 
Tozer, Trail, Vize, Watson. H. ('.. \V«l,h. F. \B, Whitla. Whitwell, 
Winaim. F. X., Wilson, YV., With. Tin-, Woo<|. .1. B.. Yorlm. Mrs., 

1.— Europe. Section 2.— Exclusive of the United Kingdom. 
Adamovic, Andersson, Anzi, Archangeli. Arcschomr. Arnasa, 
■'•: G. P., Baker, J. G.. BaHarci. Bail. J., 
Bareelo y Combis, Beck. <;.. Becker, Bmiuetr, V. \Y !'■■-■ i\ 
Biasoletti, Bickneli, Blytt, Boissier, Bornet. Bmrm. !'■", -...-/..v" 
Borzi, Botteri, Bourgeau, Braun, A„ Braun, G., Brebisson, 



73 

Bresadola, Brio.A ami ( a vara. Brotherus, Butler, Cardot, Caruel, 
Caspary, Christ, Churchill, Cooke, M. C, Crepin, Dahlstedt, De Toni 
and lavi-Morenos, Desmazieres, Dufour, Durien de Maisonneuve, 
Dusen and Kidston, Duthie, Duval-Jouve, Dyer, Eaton, A. E., 
Ekstam, Elliot, (i. F. S., Endress, Favrat and Barbey, Fellinann, 
Field, B., Fischer, Flahault, Focke, Forsyth Major, Freeman, 
-.'II and Gelert, Fries, E. M., Fries, T. M., Gadeceau, 
Gandoger, Garovaglio, Grisebaeh, Groves, H., Guadagna, Gusson.-, 
Hackel, Hamilton, W., Hanbury and Oliver, Hartman, C, 
Haussknecht, Heer, Heer and Briigger, Heldreich, Heiiri.pi.-. 
Hitsch, Holl and Schmidt, Hooker, J. D., Hoppe, Hore, Horneman, 
Hiict ilu Pavilion, Huguenin, Huntingdon, Htisnot, Hutcr. Jar^i, 
Janka, Joad, Johnson, G., Jordan, Kanitz, Karsten, II.. Kaurin, 
Kerner, Kia-r, Kirerskou, Kneucker, Koch, Kotschy, Laeaita. I.anm-. 
Larhah-stier, Leighton,Le«kovvatz, Levi-Morenos, Libert, lJndl»ej-<r. 
S. O., Lindeberg, Loder, Lojacono, Lojka, Mabille. MalmPeri:, 
Markham. A. 11., Martens, Massalongo, Maw, Milde, Milno, J., 
Moggridge, J. T., Montagne, Mot- lav, Mmiiicot. Momreni and 
Nestk-r. Munro, W., Murray, R. P., Naegeli, Neuman, Nenman, 
Wahlstedt and Murbeck, Nicholson, G., Nicholson, J., Nordstedt 
and Wahlstedt, Oliver, D., Orphanides, Oudeman, Paget, Painter, 
Paiva. Pancie. Parlatore, Parlovic. Pa/.schke, Pichler, Pike, A., 
Pire, Porta and Rigo, Prescott, Rabenhorst, Rabenhorst and Gottsche, 
Raddi, Rehm, Rehmann, Reichenbach, H. G., Reichenbach and 
Schubert, Requien, Reverchon, Rostowzew, Rouint-irin'-re, 
Roumeguere and Dupray, Ruprecht. Sacvardo, Sagonski, Sanio, 
Schaerer, Schimper, Scho'i , Schur. S nd n«-r. Skdvr. Sintenisfratt., 
Sintenis and Ki •,'.,. Smith. A. M., Smith, B. L., Smith, W. G., 
Smith and Pittoni, Stapf, Stephani, Steven, Stribrny. Sturm, 
Sydow. Talbot. \V. H. F., Tenore, Thomas, E„ Thuemen, Tiselius, 
Todaro, Tommasini. Townst-nd. F., Trevelyan, Treviranus, 
Trevisan, Vandas. Wa-stailV. Wehvitsch, Westendorp, Wettstein, 
Willkomm, Wimmer, Winslow, Winter, Wittrock, Wittrock 
and Nordstedt, Wolley-Dod, ('., Weeds, Wormskiold, Wyse, 
Zuccarini. 



2.— North 
(Madeira, Canaries, Azon 



Alboti. An.l.-iN.m. T.. Appkn.n. Annua--. K.. Ann ,: 
Ascherson and ti< .hit's. Baker. •;. P.. 1 Alans,. Balfour, I. B., 
Ball, J„ Barl.ev. Beecari. Becker, Beevor, Bell, F., Bishop, 
Blackmore. Blunt. Prissier. Boik. Bnrnmuelkr. P< ■ 
Bromfield. Buhse. Bun.'.-, linn .n. taken. Calvert and Zohrab, 
1 i I sa ' t - < < i — > i i i 1 irerton, Ehrenberg, C.G.. 
Elliott, E. A., Everett, W„ Figari, Fischer, 'Floyer, Forbes, E., Forsyth 
. - ' .-. 
A. K„ Hart, H. C, Hau~km . hr. Flay. Miss, Hay, J. H. D., 
. Ho,>k, r . J. i >.. Hue! du Pavilion, Humer. Maj. r, Hur-r, 
Hyslop, Ibrahim, Iliff, Jamin, Jeff* B it.. Johnson, 

W. P., Johnston, Dr. H. H., Karelin, Keck, Kotschy, Kralik, 



74 

Lace, Layard, Lefebre, Letourneux, Lippold, Lord, Lord and 
Bauermann, Lowe, Lowne, MrLe.ty. Mandon, Marion, Mason, N. H., 
M:t>< n. M., Maunsell, Milne. .1.. Mitchell, .1. 15., Moseley, Munby, 
Murray, R. P., Osborne, Paillardot, Paine, Paiva, Payton, Pelly, 
l'"ivy, IV.ponin, Pieliler. I'i.-rce, Post, Pullen, Raclde, Ramsay, 
i;. Hi. 1 1, i;. in ,ii l l i it/-, i K, m. . If -IdN md Aseherson, Roth, 
Ruprecht, St. John, Saulcy and Miehon, Schlaeni, Schonsboe. 
Schweinfurth, Shaw, T., Sieber, Sintenis, P., Stafrf, Saowits, 
Taubert, Taylor, C. A., Thomson, J., Threlfall, Trelease, Warion. 
White, H. P., Whittall, Wiedemann, Wynne, Zohrab. 



3.— Northern 



Augustinowicz, Batalin, A., Bongard, David, Deasy, Fedtschenko, 
Fischer, Gamble, Hedin. Henderson, G., Heyde, Hobson, II. K., 
James, H. E. M.. Karelin, Karelin and Kirilow, Karo, Kirilow, 
Ledebour, Lehmann, J. J. C, Littledale, Maack, Maximowicz. 
Middendorff, Picot, Potanin, Przewalsky, Radd, •. He-el. Rockhill. 
Rostowzew, Sehimper, Seinvnk. Sou lie, Stubendorff. Steven, 
Sulivan. IL X.. Szowits, Szowits and Wiedemann, Thorold, Turcza- 
ninow, Veesenmeyer, Webster, Wiggins, Wilford, Wunderlich. 



4.— China and Japan. 



China.— Aldridge, Aleock, Alexander, W. T., Anderson, J., 
Baroni, E., Batalin, Beazley, Biondi, Birnie, Bourne, F. S. A., 
Bowring, Bowring, J. C, Brains, Bretschneider, Bullock, Bunting, 
Bnsh.41, Calh-ry. Cantor, Carles, Carpenter, Champion, Collins.'- 
wood, Cooper, W. M., Cummins, Cuthill, Davenport, A., David, 
Delavay, Derry, Dickins. Dill, Kvt-rliard. Kyiv. Faber, Forbes, 
Fortune, Q . Baneock, 

Hai i 1. [Ian s. Hart, W. H., Henry, A., Henry, B. C, Hickin, 
Home, E., Hosie, Hugh, Jacob, James, H. E. M., Jameson, Col., 
Lace. Macarthy, Main-ay, Maries. M;n- 

Mesny, Milletr. Miyabe, Mollendorff, Oldham, Perry, W. W., 
Phillips, G. W., Playfair, Potanin, Pratt, Reeves, J., Reid. Robin- 
son, H., Robs, John, Sampson, Seott, B. C. G., Shearer, Staunton, 
Swinhoe, Tate, G. R., Watts-Jones, Wenyon, Westland, Wilford. 

Japan.— Barrington, Bisset, Blomfield, Dickins, Faurie, Fortune, 
i: -' ' ■ ' "•: : ■'■•. 

Oldham, Robinson, H., Starr, Whiteley, Wilford, Wright, C. 

FORMOSA.— Bourne, F. S. A., Gregory, W., Henrv, A., Hosie, 

Maries, Murphy, Oldham, Playfair, Sampson, Schetefig, Swinhoe, 
Watters, Wilford. 

• COREA.— Carles, Oldham, Perry, W. W., Watters. 



Bulger, G. E., Cattell, Clark.-. C. I'... Ch-horn, ( 'oehraii. -I iai Hi.'-' 

Collctt, Collins. Conway. Cooke, T.. Cumin-. Dalzdl, Davidson' 

Crespigny^Foulkes,, Frere,W. E, Gamble, Gardner, Gibb, 

mt, J. 

Hearles, 

Hill, II. C.. Hobson. M :i jor. Hooker, J. D.. Hope llorslVv' Viunm 
Hunter, Hunter- Weston. Hutchinson. Major. Hum-. Jaochk,.' 
Jameson, JamLs.m, Jenkins, Jmlmi, .Ieyete].-ki, Johnson K 
Johnstone. J. \\\. Keenan. King. G.. Kurz. Lamin-ton, Law, Law- 
-011. Lepim-, Lovica-, Lisboa, Lister, .1. J., Lockwood. Mac/-. Mchor 
Mack, Madden, Maingay, Mann, G., Maries, Montford, Mudd' 
H,v. -.. M ul ,ro. .1.. Murray, .1. A., Murton, Nairn, Neve, Nimmo 
-V>1..t, Xon-is, Oliver, J. W., Oxley, Parish, Peters, Dr.. Pinwell, 
Pram, Pullen, Purwell, Radcliffe, Ramsay, Reynaud, Rottler, 
Royle, Lustier, Sawkins, Schmid, Scott, J., Scu'llv, J., Shuter' 
Simons, Smith, C. C, Stead, Stewart, J. L., Stocks, Strachey and 
Wmterbotr, , \v. A.. Tanner, Thomas L D 

Thompson, Thompson, (L. Thomson. T., Thwaites, Treutier' 
r, A. W., Walker. G. W., \V 

Woodrow, G. M., Wright, Dr. 

6.— Malaya. 

{Tonrjuin, Anam, Slum, Cambodia. Saigon, Malayan Islands 

inrludmg the Philippine, Keeling Islands, and Nmv Gai,,<a.) 

Balansa, Beccari, Binnendijk, Bosch, Brook, Burbid-e Ihirek 

Luttcrwonh, Callcrv V ' ','." 

DeVriese.LA.:..,. * ?M,Gifidt 

; , ! ^ •' ■•!■■■. .i . . . --. . .i,. •• ;. 

1 M T ' " Uorsii.dd, Hose, King, G., Koor- 

''' '"• Ll ^" > "• '• '• • l-aah rhach. Lisr.-r J .[ Lobb T Loher Low 

. McGregor, Maclear, Meyer, ..' ' 

Raffles Ridley, Riedel, Robinson, W. W., Scheffer, Scl 

, Teysmann, Th^- 



Adamson, Anderson, J., Andrews, Archer, Ascherson, Babbage, 
Bailey, Baker R T., Bancroft. J . W., Benerlfy 

Brewer, J. A., Broome, Brown, R., Bunbury, Burges, Bynoe 



76 

Carlile, Carnegie, Carson, Dr., — ., Clarkson, B. D., Clifton, 
Cooper, D., Coppinger, Cox, Cunningham, A., Cimnin-ham, 1,., 
Ctirdie, Cusack, Daintree, Danger, Daniel, Darby, Denham, 
Dietrich, Dobson, Donaldson, Driffield, Drummond, J., Dntton, 
Fraser, C, Fullagar, Gilbert. Gilbert and Sliarpe. Gunn, Gwyther, 
Hann, Hartmann. Hawker, I Gn n ii .lt. Hill. Homes, Kidd, Law- 
rence, R. W., Leader, Leycester, Logue, Lombe, Lumholtz, Mac- 
Arthur. W., McArthur, Capt., McGillivray, Macleav, Maiden, 
Marten, Maxwell, Milligan, Mitchell, T. L., Mueller, F. von., 
Oldti.'Id. A., O'Shanesy, Pearson, Pentzke, Persieh, Preis-. 
Reader, Riley, Rodway, Sanford, Schombur, 
Short, Sieber, Spicer, Start, Tate, EL, Thozet, Tisdall, Towgood, 
Veitch, J. G., Veitch, J. H., Verreaux, Walker, A. F., Waterhouse, 
Weir, Weymouth, Wilhelmi, Wilson, J. B., Wood, C. B. 

8.— New Zealand. 

(iVnr Zealand. Norfolk, and adjacent islands, Kmuadecs, Auck- 
land, Campbell, Chatham. Antipodes ,/,„/ Mj/e, /U ,irie, westirard 
to Kerguelen and Marion.) 



H. E., Cheeseman, Colenso, W., Comin 
Dieffenbach, East. Eaton, E. A., E 1-erlev, Field, II. ('., Filhof 
Gibson, R. J. H., Green, Gunn, Haast, Hamilton, A., Hanwell, 
Hector, Hector and Buchanan, Hetley, Hombron, Homes, 
Hooker, J. D., Hooker, W., Jennings, A. V., Joliffe, Kidder, 
Kirk, T., Knight, Kurtz, Lindsay, Logan, Lombe, MacGibbon, 
Metcalf, Milne, W. G., Munro, Dr., Pascoe, Petrie, Potts, Ralph, 
Roberts, SI i Stephenson, Stokes, Travers, 

Wakefield, Wright, A. J. 

9.— Polynesia. 

(Polynesia, including Hamiiian Island* (Saiuhcich Islands), and 
New Caledonia.) 



undel, Armstrong, A., Bid will, Bourgeau, Caldwell, Cart- 
_it, T. B., Comins, Coppinger, Corrie, Crosby, Daniel, 
Deplanche i. Gill, W. W., Graeffe, Guppy, 



Hartmann, Heller, Hillebrand, Kaernbach, Layard, E., Le Hun 
Lenormand, Luerssen, McGregor, Macrae, Mann and Brigha_ 
Mathews, A., Milne, W. G., Moeivnhnm, Moor,-, C, Moselevi 
Nightingale, Pancher, Powell, T., Rough, Schomburgk, Rich., 

Vieillard, Wharton, W. J. L., Whitmee, Yeoward. 

10.— Tropical Africa. 
(Tropical Africa, inclining St. Helena, Ascension, and Cape 
Verds, Tropical Arabia, and Socotra.) 
Annesley, Armitage, C. H., Baikie, Baines, Barter, Bates, 
Battcock, Baumann, Bennett, G.. B., Bent, Birdwood, E., Bird- 
wood, W. S., Buchanan, Bulger, Lt., Burton, Burton and Cameron, 
Callewaert, Cameron, V. L., Carder, Carson, A., Chapman, 



77 

Chapman and Baines, Christy, T., Clark, Cole, E., Cole, J. A., 
Crowther, Crittenden, Cuming, Cummins, Curror, Daniell, Dawodu, 
Dusen, Easmon, Elliot, G. F. S., Elliott, W. A., Fairholme, 
Farmer, Forbes, Franqueville, Frere, H. B., Freeman and Lucas, 
Garden, Garrett, Gordon, H. J., Gram. .1. A., (iumcy, Hannington, 
Hart, W. H., Haughton, Henderson. A.. Hens. Hervey, Higginson, 
Hildebrandt, Hollrung, Holmewood, Hoist, Hooker, J. I).. Hunter, 
Major, Hutchinson, T. T., Ingram, Irving, James and Thrupp, 
Johnson, W. H., Johnstone, Sir H. II., Junyner, Kalbrever, 
Kidston, Kin-slev, Kirk. J.. Lrattse, Last. Laurent. Laws, Lester, 

Lewis. Livingstone. 1 mis. Ludwi- Luy.ird. Lunt, McCabe, 

McClounie, Mahon. Mair. Mam., G. Marloth, Meller. Mrlliss, 
Melville. Millen, Millson. Milne. W. G.. Moller. Moloney, 
Monteiro. J. J., Moore, (\. Morris. 1)., New. NYwmn. Xmt, 
Oakeshott. Dams, !■'., oldfi-ld. IM.. (VXeill, Ozanne, Parker, C, 
Perrottet, Perry, W. W., Peters, A., Fetherick, Petit. 1'fwndt. 
L'hiilips. K. L., Plowden, Preuss, Purdy, Quartin Dillon, Rattray, 
Head.', Rowland, Rumsev, Schimper, Schomburgk, Rob., Schwein- 
t'urth. Srott. SV. L.. Sciwyn. Slade, Smith, Chr., Smith. C. S., 
Sunder, Soyaux. Staudt, Steere, Bp., Steudner, Steward, Rev. — ., 
Stuhlmann, Sutherland, Thierry, Thomson, G., Thomson, J., 
Thomson, T., Thomson, W. C.,* Vogel, Yolkens, Wakefield, T., 
Waller, Wellby. Welwirseh. Whitfield, Whitehead, Whyte, Whvte 
and McClounie, Williams, J. A., Wilson, C. T., Wollaston. 



11.— Mascarene Islands. 
(Madagascar, Mauritius, Bonrhon, Seychelk 



Cameron. .1 ■ . Commerson, Du Petit Thouars, 

Elliot, G. F. S., Ellis, W., Forsyth Major, Fox, Dr.,Geheeb,Gerrard, 
Gilpin, HiM. :m. Last. Mo>s. Owsl, 

Parker, G. W., Perville, Pool, Rothery, Warpur. 

MAURITIUS.— Barkly, Bevan, Bewsher, Blackburn (Hb.), Blythe, 
Bojer, Bouton, Cantley, Cattell, Duncan, J., Duncan. J." W., 
Geheeb, Johnstone, Dr. H. H., Meller, Morrow, D., Mvrien, Pike, 
W., Rawson, Schlaefli, Telfair. 



Adlam, Allison, Anderson, C. T., Armstrong, Dr. and Miss. 
Arlerne. Anmr, Athersmiu-, Ayre.-. Barber. M. L\, Barber. L. M.. 
. L. R., Bewsher, I -, Bommer, 

Bowie, Brehm, Buchanan, Rev. J., Burchell, Burke, C i 



md Baines, Colenso, Bp., Collins, Cooper, T., Cordukes, 
Dr (Vspigny, Denton, Drege, Dm; Katon, E. A., 

Ecklon and Zeyher, Elliot, G. F. S., Evans, Feilden, Flana-ran. 
Galpin. Gill, Dr., Harvey, Haygarth, Heuclelot, Hutton. Keir. 

v. 
McKen, McKen and Buchanan, McLea, McNab, W. R,, MaoOwan. 
MacDwan and Bolus, Mader, Marloth, Marshall, G. A. K., 
Montmro, J. J., Monteiro, Mrs., Moxon, Mudd, C, Mund, 
X-ls.-n, \\\, Nivt-ii. Gates, C. G., O'Brien, Pappe, Pearson. IVeki 
Perry, J. W M Phillips, R. C, Plant, Prior. Ramsay, Kawson, 
Rehmann, Robinson, H., Rogers, Rutherford, 3 
Saunders, K.. Sehinz, S,/hl.-chh-i\ Scullv, W. C., Shaw Sim T I, 1 
Smith, A., Stainbank-, Stanger, Taylor, K., Thorn, Timk ami 
Barber, Tyson, Veitch, P. C. M., Vieillard, Villm. 
Weir, S., Wolley-Dod, A. H., Wood, J. M., Yorke, H. F. A., 
Zevlmr. 



13.— North America. 

(Canada, United Static, 'irrenland, Ben 



Allen, O. D., Anderson, C. L., Austin, C. F., Austin, R. M., 
Bailey, L. H., Baldwin, Dr., Barclay, A., Barnston, J., k-arnsfou, <;., 
Beadle, C. D., Beardsley, Bebb, Beck, Beechey, Bioletti, Bolander, 
Bourgeau, Brandegee, Brenton, Brewer, W. H., Britton, E. G., 
Britton, N. L., Brown, R., Campst., Bryce, Burke, Bush, Camphmh 
R., Cameron, Major, Carey, J., Ooekmrml, Cooley, Coulter, Coville, 
and Funston, Curtis, M. A., Curtiss, A. H., Dall," Davenport, Davy, 
Dawson, Dieck, Divers, Douglas, Drummond, T., Eaton, D. C., 
Ellis, J. B., Ellis and Everhart, Elwes, Engelmann, Farlow, 
Farlow, Anderson, and Eaton, Fletcher, Franclieschi, Funston, 
Gairdner, Gattinger, Geyer, Giesecke, Gordon, A., Gorman, 
Grant, — , Gray, A., Greene, B. D., Greene, E. L., Hall. Havdmi, 
Hdl'T. lb -!iry. Mis. and Miss, Hickson, Hoey, Holbr.il, llolnl., 
Horner, Jepson, Johnson, E. P., Jones, Kellermann, I. 

-Scribner, Langley, Lapham, Lay, Lea, Lefroy, Leggett, 
Leibold, Leiburg, Lemmon, Lenm : : .'r, Lippen- 

cott, Lobb, W., Lyall, Macoun, J., Macoun, J. M., MacPherson, 
Markham, A. H., Mellichamp, Menzies, Middhmm. Mi!.-. Mill, 
Milne, J., Mills, Millspaugh, Mohr, Moselev. \Iott, MnU'oi [. 
\= ■hnlMMi.ir., Xuriall, T.,Nuttall, 
R. K., Oliver. \V. T.. Olu-y. Ureiin, ]':,! ilu -r, K.mnml. Parish. S. I {. 
and W. F., Parry, C. C, Parry and Bigelow, iVmr. iVtm-s. .1. M., 
Pickering, Pike, W., Pringle, Ravenel, Reed, L. D., Richard, 
.. Rink, Roberts, G., Robinson, B. L., Roezl, Rowlee, 
Rydberg, S, _ Scoresby, 

Scouler, Short, C. W., Silm, Smith, .J. T., Srark, Taimurh-r 
des Essarts, Taylor, A. S., Taylor, J. W., Thurber, Todd, 
Tolmie, Torrey, Townsend, Tuckerman, Underwood, Vasey, Vasey 
g e, Waite, Watson, G., Watson S., Watt, D. A. P., 
Willits, Wislizenus, Wood, C. B., Wray, T. P., Wright, C. 
Wright, W. G. 6 



14.— Central America. 
{Mexico and Central America.) 
Barclay, G. W., Barlee, Bilimek, Blancaneaux, Botteri, Briggs T 
Cammock, Christie, f[.. ('„,,,,,•, J. J., Coulter, Dovat, Dundas 
Eaton and Edwards. KluvnU-rg, ('., Kndms. Krvendb.-r ■- l-'i>i.-k 
Sorbes, Dr. J., Friederichsthal, Funck, Galeotti, Gaumer Gliies- 
breght Giffard, Goode, Gomn, Graham, G. H., Gregg, Haage and 
Schmidt, Halm. IlaNi.-dt, I I:m.-«»-k. 1 fiu-rison, Hartwe- Hayes 
Henchman, Hickson, Hoffmann, Hooper, Huebsch,°'Kerber' 
Kiaerskou, Kienast-Zolly, Langlasse, Lay, Lehmann, F. C, L.-ibuld 
vJ' L J ebmann > Linden, J. J., Lindheimer, Lumholtz, Mitchell, 
K. O., Mocino, Moloney, Morris, ]>.. Mm-ller. I'r-d., NYls-,,. K W 



Salyin, Sartorius, Schaffner, Schell, Schiede and Deppe. Skinner' 
Smith F., Smith, JR. s„ h. 1-.. s „„,.. s t;( pl,s. Sumichrast; 
late, h remple Thurber, Tonduz and Pittier, Tuerckheim, 
Watson, S., Wendland, Willits, Wooton, Zahn. 

15. — West Indies. 
Ansted, Bancroft, E. N., Barber, C. A., Battcock, Black — 
Blow, Broadway, Chandler, Cockerell, Copeland, Crueger, Distin' 
Eggers, Elliott, W. R., Fendler, Finlay, Garber, Gorman, Gray, J ' 
Greene, B. I ).. <; ■,.:,'... i; u ;!ding. Halm, Hancock, Harris, Hart' 
J. H., Higgms, Holme, Hooper, Home, Iliff, Imray, Jaeger' 
Jenman, Leibold, L'Herminier, Lockhart, D., Lockhai- 

. Murray, H. B., Nicholls, H. A. A., Nicholson, T 
Nock and Sherring, Northrop, Poeppig, Powell, If 

uinge, Roberts, G., Robinson, H., Robinson, W , Rothery' 
Ruegel, Sehombnrgk, Rob., Shen ia .. p., Skeete,' 

Smith, W. G, Smith, H. H., Smith, H. H., and G. W., Syme G 
Taylor, M., Thomson, R, Tillson, Waby, Walsh, Wharton/ G.',' 
Wilson, W., Wright, 0, Wullschlaegel. 

16.— East Tropical South America. 
araguay.') 



Floyer, Mrs., Fox, 
Grah; 

Longman, McG.hwa- - M • • . M , • ,'" Maxim,,^ 

•■ : • .'■■■- . , . 

: 
Wetherell, Williams, C. H., Worsley. * ' ' 

GUIANA.— Appun, Boughton, Campbell, W. H., Goebel, Host- 
™ ai l n ' n " ■ sConneU and 

Quelch, Rodie, Rothery, Sagot, Schomburgk, R. H. 

Paraguay.— Balansa, Barclay, G. W, Grosse, Hassler, Lindman 



17.— West Tropical ! 



Anderson, Andre, Bang, Baur, G., Barclay, G. W., Bowman, D., 
Bruckmneller, Castello, Charles worth, Claes, Cross, Crueger, 
Darwin, Davis, Dombey, Eggers, Ernst, Fendler, Goebel, Habel, 
Hall, — , Hartweg, Henchman, Holten, Jameson, Kalbreyer, 
Karten, F., Lehmann, F. C, Linden, J. J., Linden, L., Lindig, 
Unclean, Mandon, Mark, Markham, A. H., Markham, C. R., 
Mathews, A., Moritz, Nation, Patin, Pavon, Pearce, Pentland, 
Porter, R. K., Roezl, Rusby, Samson, Schlim, Shuttleworth, 
Sodiro, Spruce, Bteere, Thomson, H.. Triana, Turner, Wagener, 
Wallis, Warszewicz, Watts, Weir, W., White, R. B., Willits, 
Wood, Capt., Wyatt. 

18.— Temperate South America. 
(Chili, Argentina, 

Falkl 

Abbott, Anderson, R., Andrews, J. L. W., Arechavalata, Ball, J., 
Barneoud, Bridges, Caldcleugh, Claraz, Coppinger, Cranwell, 
Cunningham, R. O., Downton, Eaton, A. E., Edmonston, Eights, 
Ippone, Firmin, Gay, C, Germain, Gibert, Gillies. Uarh.r, 
Harman, Hieronymus, Jameson, King, P., Kurtz, Lechler, Lettsom, 
Leybold, Linney, Lorentz, Miers, Morong, Moseley, Pearce, 
Philip},;. Poeppig, Reed, E. C, Reynolds, Sainthill, St. Hilaire, 
Sinclair, A., Spencer, Sulivan, J. B., Watson, M. E., Wright,—. 



II -MISCELLANEOUS NOTES. 

Mr. Edwin John Butler, M.B., has been appointed, on the 
recommendation of Kew, by the Secretary of State for India, 
Cryptogamic Botanist for India, to reside at Calcutta. Having 
been educated at Queen's College, Cork, Dr. Butler engaged in 
research under Dr. Marcus Hartog, the Professor of Natural 
History, from 1895 to 1898. From January 1, 1899, he obtained a 
research scholarship from the the Commissioners for the 1851 
Exhibition. With the aid of this he spent nine months in the 
laboratory of Professor Van Tieghem at the Jardin des Plantes, 
Paris, receiving also assistance from Professor Maxime Cornu. 
Subsequently he spent five months at the Laboratoire d'Enseigne- 
ment Superieure at Antibes under Dr. Poirault, and three months 
in the laboratory of Professor Oltmanns at the Univereitj of 
Freiburg i. B. Finally, he devoted the remaining months of 1900 
to work in the Jodrell Laboratory at Kew. 

Dr. Butler was permitted to spend a short that- in (Jevlon, on his 
way to India, in order to study the methods of work at the' Loyal 
us, Peradeniya, and would be considered on duty 
from the date of his arrival at Colombo. 



., Mr. Edgar William Foster, a member of the gardening 
staff of the Royal Botanic Gardens, has been appointed, on the 
recommendation of Ivew. by rho Secretary of State for the 
Colonies, Curator of the Botanic Station, Lagos. 



Visitors during 1900— The number of p< 
Royal Botanic Gardens during the year 1900 was 1,111,0 
1899 was l,197,r>r,5. The average. 1S90-99, was 1,119.7:. 
number on Sundays was 487,772, and on week-days ft 
maximum number on any one day was 80.72o, on' .lui 
17. on February 15. The total number on Sn 
little from that of the previous year, while rhe ai/gn -m 
on week-days was considerably less. 

The detailed monthly returns are given below :— 
January 14,01 



July 

September 
October 
November 
December 



Kew Bulletin.-The 



pressure 



has made 

for a time the publication of the Kew Bulletin, 
resumed. The volume for 1899 will shortly be i 
1900 is in preparation. 



Botanical Magazine for December -Dendrobium .y.-rhihi^ is an 
extraordinarily fine species from New Guinea and the Solomon 
Islands. Its flowers, which are borne in a lax raceme, are three 
inches broad, white, streaked and spotted with purple. The 
»m a specimen lent by J. T. Benin-. 
*. a native of South-Eastern l';o;,- . iia, is a 
shrubby leguminous plant, covered in nearly all : 
prominent balsamiferous glands. Its flowers are orange-yellow 
with streaks of purple on the Btftn me in erect 

terminal racemes. The specimen figured was sent to Kew by 
A- k. I.uiley. K>-i„ in whose garden at Neston, Cheshire, it is 
hardy and flow T ers profusely. A plant which has b« 
for some years has not yet flowered. The . 

• n al-o i\>A : ;,ir, utrtar-t. var. recurva,is 

I in the Succulent House at Kew by a female plant 

with a stem eighteen inches high, a tuft of leaves six feet in 



82 

diameter, which bore a scape eight feet high. Its fruits super- 
ficially resemble those of Rumex. Matthiola corotu 

ipecies, has been referred by some authors to M. tristis. 
from which it differs in the colour of the flowers ; these, in 
M. mrntrnpi folia, are purple. The Kew plants were raised from 
seed obtained from Mr. Siindermann, of Lindau, Bavaria. Passi- 
r,'o,y/ <;i r .<nl'i)-;s. from Brazil, is an elegant species with rose-red 
ti.A\vrs about two inches in diameter. The specimen drawn was 
taken from a plant presented to Kew by the late Professor A 11 num. 
F.R.S., in 1896. Volume 126 of the Magazine, now completed, is 
dedicated to Major D. Prain, Superintendent of the Royal Botanic 
Garden, Calcutta. 



Botanical Magazine for January— Hibiscus Manihot has been 
figured twice before in the Magazine, but from specimens with 
relatively small flowers. Those depicted in the present plate are 
five inches in diameter, pale yellow with a crimson blotch at the 
base of each petal. This -necies, of which there is a fine plant in 
the Mexican House at Kew, is a native of China and Japan. 
LhnUk>i<i erlcoifhs is < slender-growing myrtaceous plant with 
heath-like leaves and small white flowers. The type of the 
. raia & in m se ■ I - ■- Veitch at 

King George's Sound, Western Australia, in 1893. Sarcnrhih;.-; 
[Hnr.itnts. 1'rom the Malayan Peninsula and Islands, i> peculiar 
among orchids from its habit of climbing bushes, which it does 
by m-uns of us b>; _r aerial roots. Its rose-lilac flowers last only a 
day. Kew received the plant drawn from H. N. Ridley. Esq., 
M.A., P.L.S., Director of the Gardens and Forest Department, 
Straits Settlements. The Central Asiatic Pi/n/s tian^-hditica 
belongs to the section Sorbus, and is closely allied to P. Aucu- 
parity differing in its leaves, in having larger flowers, and fruits 
'"i live carpels. T!n Kew ( , cimen was obtained by purchase in 
!>'.*•". Allium nstt'otr.ikianuiih a particularly fine species from 

by the Hon. Char!— Kliis. of Frensham Hall, Haslemere. It has 
a lax-flowered umbel about three and a half inches in diameter ; 
the perianth segments are bright rose-red with a green median 



Flora of Tropical Africa.— Part III., concluding Vol. V., edited 
by the Director, was published in December. It brings the 
portion of the work included down to Plantaginew. It is 
accompanied by the following preface : — 

The seventh volume of the Flora of Tropical Africa was com- 
pleted in 1898. The circumstances under which the work was 
resumed are stated in the preface. 

The choice of the next instalment to be taken up was mainly 

determined by the assistance I was able to secure from 

■s. Amongst these I am more especiailv indebted to 

my friend Mr. C. B. Clarke, F.R.S., who not merely undertook the 

difficult task of elaborating the Acanthacece, which occupy 



For the amended definition of the regions into which the area 
of the flora is divided reference may be made to the preface to 
the seventh volume. 

In the prefaces to the first and seventh volumes will be found 
an enumeration of the materials employed up to 1868 and of the 
most important additions to them which have reached Kew since. 
The only further collections at Kew cited in the present volume 

III. Nile Land. J. Theodore Bent. Collection from the 
coast Region of Nubia in ISOfj-C (Died 1897). 

IV. Lower Guinea. Dr. Ch. Bommer, Brussels. A collection 
of Lindner's Damaraland plants. 

VI. Mozambique. Professor C. Fritsch, Graz. A collection 
made in the Zambesi Valley at Boruma by Father L. 
S. J. (Died 1890). 

The presen: volume was na^v for the press at tin U irinnim; of 
1898. The inconvenience of the delay in puMiea-ion is obvious. 
The contributors see other writers secure the priority of their 
work, while the manuscript has continually to be re-written to 
incorporate what has been published while it is waiting for the 
printer. For all this I am in no way responsible. I prepare the 
work; but over printing and publication I have not the slightest 
control. And as no less than five Government departments have 
a say in the matter, the task of getting them into line is one of 
no small difficulty. A fire which took place at the printer's in 
December of last year was a further impediment. Fortunately, 
however, most of the manuscript was recovered eventually from 

Three more volumes will complete the work as originally 
planned. Their preparation presents no inherent difficulty, btlt 
their fate lies on the lap of the gods. 

I must again record my acknowledgments of the assistance 
given me by Mr. C. H. Wright in preparing the manuscript for 
the press and in checking the proofs, and to Mr. N. E. Brown for 
working out the geographical distribution. 

Kew, November 1900. 



T. T. 



"Terblanz" (Famra salujna, Harv.).— Professor MacOwan, 
Government Botanist, Cape Colony, in a recent i-i .;■ , yives the 
following note on the identification of a South African timber 
known as " Terblanz " : — 



"There has for many years been a doubt as to the identity of a 
Cape ornamental timber tree known as ' Terblanz.' Nearly 

twenty y. ar- ajo. M^.-rs. D. Laae.-. - . ' me a choice 

- eeimen of considerable size, which was 



exhibition at the Paris E.r position. No leaf, fruit, or flower 
; it, ami to my great regret the only information 
whirh could be given was that it was certainly some species of 
the order Proteacece. The arrangement of the wood fibres sin >\\vi ! 
a close resemblance to that of Protnt yranrfijlor't. L.,hm with a 
difference. I know of no wood in wh l tl iwvi-Ia in- ot the 
tissues gives in such perfection the effect imitated by pa 
what they term 'over-graining.' It had to be sent awav as 
' Terblanz, an unknown Proteaceous timber tree of the Cape.' 
Enquiries made of the forest-officers elicited no further informa- 
tion than that trees of Terblanz, or what was supposed to be 
it. existed in a remote spot in the Knysna forest; but, although 
kepi under observation for some years, thev had never been 
known to flower. This year, however, Mr. C. B. McNau 
charge of the Knysna conservancy, found one of these trees 
and seeding. Specimens were sent up to the I , 
puzzle of years res 

i d in L846 
m Hooker* Journal ,,/ Bufarn/. vol. v., p. :\7?,. Bv the care of 
the collector a sufficient number of specimens has been obtained 
tp secure i i ■. . ,-;,, XIX., to be issued in 1899. 

z ' ''' ' - - - i Muyilisberg, and seem to belong fco 

his journey made with Burke, th antelopes for 

a Capensis 
under the reference ' Burke and Zeyhcr' is not easv to under- 
stand. Burke had but little to do with the plants, and even in 
the matter of the bokken, for whose capture he had come out from 
England, he was largely indebted to the life-long experience of 
his modest companion, who had to be botanist and hunter too. 
said to be not rare in the Magalisberg. This would 
r the few trees at Knvsna are ou1 
occupy the farthest southern extension of the species. The 
inflorescence is peculiar, and unlike that of any of our other 
arborescent Proteaceaa. It is rather like some lax-spiked Greviilea 
of Australia." 

A slab of this wood labelled as Protect sp. was exhibited in the 
Cape Court of the Col PS86 The 

Cape catalogue describes the tree as being "from 30 to 40 feet high 
in diam., wood hard, heavv, r 

in George and Knysna forests." 
l™ } M Owan has v^ r> kindly I'm , ! 1 - nil section of 
the wood for the Museum. It is well figured and 
colour to ma , very well in its chars 

with some of the Australian representatives of the ord 



Ormonde House-In the Km- Ball,! in (1891 p 285) it is stated 
that the " site of Ormonde House is not ,- , 
was apparently in the northern part of the Old Deer P 
the Queen s Cotta-e Ground.." The onlv recognised 

•-' •:.:.- .. 
written were without the surroundings. Recently a book has been 



d New System of Agriculture, 
ndrgand Gardening, by John 
l -' ,ir ' ! " <■ - X| - v - : London, 1<2(>. The frontispiece of this work, 
winch is dedicated to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, 
is a 'Perspective view ot \\\< Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales s House am! Gardens at Richmond." This is no doubt 
Ormonde House, all traees of which have disappeared. On com- 
paring the view in Laurence's book with Rocque's map (1734) and 

Burrell's map (1771), it was evident that the •• King's Pall; " „f 

the former was the same as Ormonde House ; consequeuth there 
is no longer any doubt v- *■- i 



Date Cultivation in South Australia.-The Kew Bulletin for 
!>. , » i pp. 161, 162) contains a note on the cultivation of the Date 
m South Australia. The following information records the 
continued success of the experiment : — 

Extract from Report upn„ Stair Funs/ Administration in South 

Australia for the year 1897-98 (p. 8). 

Excellent dates have now been produced at Hergott plantation 

for six years running. Twelve palms have fruited there this year, 
and the sample of dates received in Adelaide in March last were 
distributed in the usual way and greatly appreciated, as on all 
previous occasions. The Lh'gb-t X,',ur palm- at Lake Harrv also 
bore some dates this year, the seed of which was thoroiighly 
developed, but the Hesh of the fruit was not as well matured as 
will no doubt "" 
thoroughly 



Natal Plants— A brief notice of the first part of an 

work hearing this title appeared in the K. ic liulh -tin, 1898, p. 206. 
Succeeding parts have rapidly followed. The full title is: 
Jjrsrri/,tinus and Figure >>/ Xa'tal lndig> nous Plants, with Notes 
<>n their I)i*tril>utii>n. Kmuomie Vatu<>, Native Names, Jcc., &c, 
hv J. Medh^ Wood. A.L.S.. Curator of Natal Lotanie Gardens, 
Ihirban, and Maurice S. Evans, M.L.A.. F.Z.S. The first volume 
was completed in 1899, and contains 100 plate- and descriptive 
letterpress of as many different species of plants belonging to a 
variety of natural orders. The second volume is entirely devoted 
to grasses. Two parts of this volume have appeared, each con- 
taining Mf) plates. The first part of the third volume has also 
selection of species, 
n of the first volume. 



It is to be hoped that the sale of the work is sufficient to justify 
because figures are almost indispensable to enable 
botany to identify plants, and this publication 



its continuation, because figures are almost indispen 

,nd this pu 
should give an impetus to the study of botany in South Africa, as 



similar works have in some of our other Colonies, notably i 
Australasia. 



Kew Palace Linden.-In the Kew Bulletin for 1891, p. 318, 
mention is made of a large linden near the gate of Kew Palace, 
under the shade of which, according to tradition, the ch 
George III. used to sit. The tree was a pollard of great size and 
beauty. The girth of the trunk at four feet from the ground was 
18 ft. 7 ins. A storm on January 27 broke off some of the 
principal limbs and left it little more than a wreck. 



^N. 



'' 






Leaf Diseased 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



BULLETIN 



Mht KLLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



APRIL-JUNE. 



I.-PLANT DISEASES.-II. LEAF-CURL. 

{Exoascm deformans, Fuckel.) 
(With Plate.) 

This well-known disease is at times very destructive to peach 
foliage; loss frequently almond and apricot '--- 



attacked. Tin- popular name " leaf-curl," or simply 

reference t<> the curled and distorted appearance of the diseased 
leaves. The infected tissue thickens and is at first of a pale green 



colour; then _-s to purple or pink ; and finally 

the convex parts of such leaves become covered with a, v. in- 
delicate whitish bloom, whieh presents u velv.-tv app-aranee 
when seen through a pocket-lens. This efl'ect is caused by the 
fruit of the fungus, which bur.--- tlirmurh ; he emiele of the leaf 
thus enabling the spores to be diffused by wind, rain, insects, &c. 

The youngest shoots are also swollen and distorted by the 
parasite, wln.se mycelium is perennial in the branches and" each 
season passes into the leaf-buds, which consequently contain the 
mycelium of the fungus in their tissues when they expand. 

When once attacked a tree rarely recovers unless prompt pre- 
ventive measures are taken, but becomes more diseased as time 
goes on, owing to the spread of the mycelium present in the 

The parasite does not develop every season, at least not to any 
extent, even on trees that are known to contain 
mycelium in their tissue-. it is least abundant during those 
years when the foiia-v reaches the fully developed condition 
without a check, whereas it is m the young 

leaves are checked in their growth by a sudden chill, and the 
more so if this chill follows damp warm weather. On the other 
hand, when evidence of the growth of the fungus has been un- 
- funher course has been completely arrested by a 
sudden increase in temperature. 

9893— 1375— 9/1901 Wt 44 D & S 29 



The disease was exceptionally abundant in the South of England 

durin- tin- season following the very cold winter of 1894-95. 

Frequently iU.- ais-'-is. - is at first confined to one or few branches 
of a nve, but it spreads quickly, the spores being washed from 
diseased to healthy portions. During seasons when the disease is 
especially abundant, it is not unusual for the trees to lose all 
their leaves in. fore midsummer. Later in the season a second 
crop of loaves appears, aiel these are not attacked hy tlie fungus : 
nevertheless a considerable amount of injury is done, the crop 
of fruit iu such cases is practically valueless, and the wood is 

Xursery stork thai has sulVered from the disease is worthless. 

Krmisriis (h'/ni nutiix is a very primitive type of the enormous 
assemblage of fungi known as Ascomyeetos, which are charac- 
terised by having the spores produced within large cells or asci. 
These asci arc produced in considerable numbers, and are usually 
imbedded in. or surrounded by a special protective structure, as 
in t nifties, morels, &e. But in the present species, the scanty 
mycelium is located between the epidermis and cuticle of the 
host-plant, and gives origin to asci which burst through the cuticle 
unaceoinpmiied by any kind of protective covering whatever. 

Prfih, iir- mrn.< »/■'.-<. — Leaf-curl is a disease which, if 
systematically and persistently attended to, can easily be kept 
in check. The mycelium of the fungus does not extend back- 
wards in a branch from the point of infection, but follows the 
voting growth, consequently all diseased branches should be cut 
out behind the point «.f infection. There should be no hesitation 
about pruning, for when a branch is once diseased it does not 
produce fruit, but 011I3 fungus spores, and these infect other 

Diseased fallen leaves should be collected and burned. 

Where the disease has been present in the preceding season the 
trees should be sprayed with dilute Bordeaux mixture just when 
the leaf-buds are expanding, to guard against infection from 



• - '. 



III. SYCAMORE LEAF-BLOTCH. 

(Rhytisma acerinam, Fries.) 

(With Plate.) 

The conspicuous black spots so common on the upper surface of 

•- of An;- /V,/,/,,.,,//,/,,,,,,* ( sycamore ,. ,1 . ran, r 'st,e 

'■'< f j'->n t ,. and. .1. /.l-tt'inoidfs are of fungous origin, 

1111,1 •''"- k'-—-nt 05 almost V en leaf, as is usually the case 

./ premature 

defoliation. The wood in such a case is imperfectly matured, and 



)le to the attacks of other parasitic fungi, 



in special portioi 


is of the bl 


ack patches 


, and the i 


ieedle-sh; 


iped 


spores escape in 












wind. Those th; 


U happen t. 










leaves germinate, 










lack 


patches. 












Protective mem 


wm.— Rem 


embering th 


at the diseai 


se depend 


B Mil 


the presence of t 






and fallen 






spring, all that i 




to ]> rev 07 it 


the appearance of 


the 


fungus is to colh 




i all fallen 


leaves befc 


>re the spores 


escape. Where this has bee 


D done tho 


romrhly th 


e disease 


has 



IL-GUTTA PERCHA FROM A CHINESE TREE. 
(Eueommia ulmoidee, Oliv.) 

Between 1887 and 1890, from several localities on the middle 
Yangtw -Kiang river, Dr. A. Henry sent to Kew fruiting speci- 
mens of a peculiar Chinese plant, with the statement that its 
bark is a mosr valued medicine in China, where it is named 
" Tu-chung," and that the tree is cultivated for it. " I have never 
seen it wild," he adds, u l)iit I was informed it occurs so in Fang and 
other districts to the north." Fan- is the name of a region near 
th.-middi.-jM; >•! In Yatml/.e-Kian- n h province of Hupeh. 

This plant Vv<4\V.mv>-v dv<vv\h*d {Hn,./.,r's [«,,,,-* I'hnihnunn, 
i. 1950) as Eueommia ubnnirlr*. 

Flowers not l.eiim available, and what material lie had ,o pe,m- 

. . . ^. . : ... . 

probable affinity. 

The interest to us lies not so much in this as in his indication 
of the presence in the tissues of gutta percha. The discovery he 
made known in the following words : — 

"The most singular feature about the plant is the extraordinary 
abundance of an elastic gum in all 1 - - see pting 



ood proper, — in the bark (in the usual sense of the 
word), the leaves and petioles, and pericarp ; any of these, snapped 
across, ami tlm parts drawn asunder, exhibit the silvery sheen of 
innumerable threads of this gum." 

His account continues : " The morphological relations and 
general histology of the cells which irive rise to the substance, 
we hope to have the opportunity of describing from specimens in 
fluid or living, which, through Dr. Henry's kind offices, there is 

\VI.h. .'. mens arrived Mr. (now Prof.) 



ml puundfd in a mortar, the mass 
. tw<> parts,, one consisting of the 
aall bits of broken bark adhering to 

)oth parts chloroform will dissolve 
it naturally from the portion which 
Thus, a sample of the threads and 
as much as 25 urn. of caoutchouc, 
ighing 607 mg., yielded only 6 mg. 
■;:■■■■'. 



he dry material which I first 
9 were confirmed by the exam- 
in alcohol. They occur in the 
much in the position in which 
"it id. but are even more frequent 
hey run between the companion 
it the appearance of very long 
nirrh That one only occasionally 

uchonc-eontaining cells accom- 

-. running just below 

ui'l all along the bundle of the 

the sides of the bundle, and do 

which resembles in appearance 
in these caoutchouc-containing 



91 

cells. Below the epidermis we find a few layers 
phyll-containing cortical cells, which become v< 
pressed in the dry fruit. Within these are tin 
bundles, the main trunks running longitudinally 
by branching and anastomosing lesser bundles. '1 
bundles have a strong group of caoutchouc-contain 
panying them on their inner side, and immediate] 
we find a large mass of circularly running eel 
nature, forming quite a dense coat of hvpha -like i] 
showing their cell-walls very distinctly when the 
been dissolved out by chloroform." 

These investigations did not settle the posit io 
and Mr. Weiss left the matter with the remark tli 
tribe Crotoneae might include Ewommia in prefe 
lanthese of the same order— luphorbiacea\ 

Since these first researches, made on imperfect n 
knowledge has been due to the success of scieutiti 
tural establishments in Paris in obtaining first < 

Jardin des Plantes came The material whereby 1' 
enabled to publish a second ii-tire (Hnuh-rx )rt„ 
t. 2-Ml). and Dr. Snlereder's researches ( 11, rirht,- 



Fron (r.on^r* i>, ,„/„.< & V Am^mie des Win,,;*, Pari,, 
p. 558). 

nveived i! • '--IVTo'Varg. 

were taken from tree> riiltivated in Szechuen caused 'V 
Oliver and Baillon to agree in placing Enm'nnnia in tl 
Trochodendraceas. Solereder refers it r>> Ham imelidace;. 
impossible to discuss here the cans- of this difference of o] 
let it suffice to say that it indicates the difficulty experiet 
assigning to it* , culiar genus. Wheiv\ 

external morpl rs we place it, the allied 

are not rubber- ,.r n;i i-i . |.| ^ , u •-. s,,|, reder observ 
and compares m jusritk-aiion of his view the Hippocratea 
which caoutchouc cells are found in certain species. 

There are great differences between the caoutchouc < 
Eu.-ummin and of the Euphorbiace;e. In the latter the 



cells which are present in the embrvo, 
plant, ramifying and uniting, so that 
is more than its contents, because oth 

nor are they present, according to 
Their contents, too, are more of the 



cells which yield the gutta percha in Dichopsk than to the 

iari, -\t> mn< vessels of Hruea, Manili<>t< Snj/him, and other 
Euphorbiaceous plants. 

To Weiss' description of the anatomy Barthelat adds somewhat, 
He found tha, nehyma of the young stem con- 

tained abundant <-a<»ut<-h., l ,,- « .~ ing singly, 

sometimes two or three together. In the roots 

nd in the petioles both in and below the 
l'1'i...-iM : while in the leaf -blades they were very plentiful, 
running with the nerves and branching from them to end in a 
surface 1 eXtremity Under tho P alisa,le l>aren-hyma of the upper 

Caoutchouc is thus seen to be present in every part of the plant 
roots W<>0d and the ° Uter layer ° f P arench 3' ma of the y°™g 

We 7^/1 , w leave the anatom y of the plant to quote from the 
II. Dybowskiand Fron of the economic pose 

' A;,: ' ! l l-<"-y>»»>»i may possess. The following statements are 
translated from pp. 359-560 of their paper :— 

" Our attention was called to the similar way in which the 
contents of the htticiferous vessels of Pnhiquiu,,, and Kur, ini! „ h i 
become evident when the leaves are careful! v broken; and so 
we were led to apply to the different organs of the la- 
the procedure recommended by M. Jungfleisch for extracting 

from the leaves of the former. We exp 

hrst on some fresh leaves of a plant of Eucommia grown in the 

Jaidm Colonial. The leaves are 3 to 3?, inches long and U to 2 

. \ h ^ ; ' : \ "yal. pointed .r rhe end, finely dentate, 

have short stalks, and m l.-n-rH iv„* m hle those of our common 

; '» °i' ' -• ! -'<; . mines of dried leaves, we obtained 

" » ' - ' ' < soluble in toluene, which corresponds to a 

■"r''," 1 '- i'" 1 ' (vnt - This return is poor, remembering 

<>>;, >< ;l»vsh leave, contain 7 <» per c-nt. of water The bark is 

ssels. But the plant which we possess being 

^•-"-e not been able to take ,,:,- 



ud series of observations was made upon the fruits. 
of matter soluble in to] 



We worked with 



-e-e 



93 

"We have submitted the samples to .M. Leant-*, an authority on 
the subject, and he has been so kind as to authorise us to say that 
he considers the gutta percha of good quality. We haw but one 
plant under observation in the Jardin Colonial, but experiments 
art' being mad- as to;! in i -Is of propagating. V- .it pr sent 
Eueammia ulmoides is only known to exist in China, it is not 
easy to get a quantity of seed ; and, further, germination s- nns 
slow and irregular. One sowing produced a single seedling after 
th- lapse of six weeks, a second after five months, and others later. 
Fortunately cuttings seem to give better results. They v ill strike 
root at any season, and give vigorous plants; but spring, when 
tli-' branches are still leafless, seems to be the most favourable 
time for taking them." 

Kurawmia ulmoides promises to be hardy at Kew. In 
November, 1897, M. Maurice L. de Vilmorin presented a plant to 
the Royal Botanic Gardens, where it has been grown successful] y 
in the open without protection. 

plant has survived through them, as testilied by the following 
answer dated November 13,1899, kindly sent by fi£, M.de Vilmorin 
to a question from Kew : — 

"Two plants of Eiu-oitnnin ulmnhlrs remained unprotected 
against a wall in our Paris garden during the two last mild 
winters, and stood nninpire-d through as low a temperatur- as 
18° or 19° F." 

The Jardin Colonial has already experiments in hand in Annam. 
Tonkin, and North Africa. 

The bark of Th i-hinu/ had attracted attention long before the 
discovery of the tree to which it belonged. The following notice 
appeared in the Kew Report for 1881, p. 47 :— 

Chinese collections of Ma tori:. Mediea often contain specimens ot 
a drug consisting of blackened fragments of bark and small pieces 
of twigs. These when broke 

' ' "i can be drawn . 

Specimens have 

reached the Kew Museum from the Paris Exhibition of IS 7$ 
(with the Chinese name Tic chung\ and from the Smithsonian 
Institution, Washington. The botanical origin has been hitherto 
altogether uncertain. It seems, however, probable from a notice 
* Pierre, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Saigon 
et fieconnaissances, No. 11, Saigon), that this drug is 
the product- of I'aramrri'i ,jhi ndulijrra . This is an apocynaceous 
climber, ascending to the summits of the highest trees : it is 
common in the forests of Cochin China. Specimens which 
M.Pierre has obligingly communicated to Kew prove that the 
- in Southern India. 
M. Pierre states that "the sap which Hows from the stem has 
exaeth th- . >td may even h ( < used as a sub- 

stitute for it; it has a slight nutty flavour. In the liquid state 
:ii ployed in im dieine by the Annamn <■> and f he ( 'am- 
bodians. The hark, after being dried ordinarily in smoke, is sold 
at 20 to 25 francs the picttl i = ldd.; lbs.;, ami exported to China 
The bark is a naedi . Chinese." 



■k 



The real source of the drug 
of Knrnmmia, collected 

described in 1890 by Prof. Oliver in the looms Plantarum. 
Henry's specimens were accompanied by the following note : — 

The Tu chung tree, 20-30 feet. The bark of this tree is a most 
valued medicine with the Chinese, selling at is. to 8s. a lb. 

Mons. Pierre concurred that the suggested identification with 
Parameria must be abandoned. 

Subsequently further specimens were received from the Museum 
d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. These had been collected in > 
in 18/1 by Rev. Pere Farges. They were accompanied by the 
following note : — 

Lorsqu'on br 
des fils de soies ; c'est pour celaqu'i 
se mien. Ecorce officinale i " ' 
comme une charpie dans les 

Ewnmmia is a tree of mountainous districts. The name Tu 
chung is, however, applied by the Chinese to a tree of the plains, 
which is almost certainlv a Kwnutmus, and nor ■ 
K. hamiltnnimnis, Wall. '(See Kew Bulletin, L899, p. 219). 

III.— SOUTH AFRICAN LOCUST FUNGUS. 

(With Plate.) 

frustrated by the sudden appearance of devastating clouds of 

was given in the Kew Bi - ,215-217). 

More recentU a meting has be, , h-, ,, I in S, nth Africa for 
■ ■ 
them. This disease is the result of their iniWih.i, 
It admits of easy eulrivati.e,. and ran read 
distance in a portable form. 

Some doubts having arisen as to the precise nature of the fungus, 
specimens were sent to Kew in January, 1900, by the Department 

of Agriculture Tape of | H . 

■ subject has been carefully discussed in the following 
paper by Mr. Massee. 3 . ^ tant (Cryptogams) in 

the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens :— 

The earliest observations relating to the presence of fun<n on 






$& ■:•:-'■ 



a worm in winter, and C B,rh, r,. Giard. parasitic on the larva 
of Diatrrrrt xarr],arul iz. Fab., the "moth borer,'" a moth which is 
very injurious to sugar-cane in the West Indies. (See Kew 
Biilhtin, 1892, pp. 153-178.) 

Among the earliest of strictly s-'it-niilic accounts of entomo- 
genous fungi is the one by Balsamo, an Italian, who clearly 
demonstrated thai the destrud ?e -ilk-worm disease called 
muscardine is caused by a fungus to which he gave the name 
of Botrytis i«irndnx<r. and afterwards ./hanged it to Kotn/ti* 
hussiau'v-ui honour of M. Bassi, an Italian interested in silk-worm 

In 1853, Robin, a Frenchman, produced an elaborate account, 
y illustrated, of plants— mostly fungi— parasitic on 

Up to this year, in discussing the relation between parasitic- 
fungi and their hosts, the former were looked on as the factor to 
be combated, and correctly so in the case of "muscardine" and of 
human diseases supposed to be due to fungi. However, at a later 
date the idea occurred that entomogenous fungi might possibly 
be utilised as a means of destroying those insect scourges which 
from time to time cause such devastation to our crops. The 
original inspiration of far-reaching results is often difficult to 
trace. Professor Sebert first suggested 3 the modern idea of 
utilising entomogenous fungi in the way already indicated. 
Sebert's observations were briefly as follows : A* number of 
caterpillars of AM in nllim were collected for the purpose of 
observing their development. The caterpillars were attacked by 
a fungus, their bodies becoming covered by a white mould. It 
was observed that if diseased caterpillars were placed in a tree 
along with healthy ones, the latter soon contracted the disease. 

Still more recently, Thaxter, in a beautifully illustrated mono- 
graph of the Entnmnphthnrw of the United States, informs us of 
the widespread destruction among insects caused by various 
species of fungi'" 1 . 

During the last ten years extensive experiments have been 
conducted, more e>pe ially in France and the United States, with 
the object of perfecting some method by means of which the 
destruction of noxious insects could be effected in a wholesale 
manner, and by a process so simple and inexpensive that it could 
be practised by farmers and horticulturists. The line followed in 
all instances has been the preparation of a pure culture of the 
particular fungus found most effective for the purpose required. 
Tubes or flasks of such pure cultures wen.' distributed free, or 
sold at a low price, and all the pnu ideal man had to do was to 
dissolve the contents of a tube in a sn dl ip utit; of water and 
spray a portion of the ground or tree infested with larvae or 
caterpillars : or, on the other hand, to inoculate a number of 
captive larvae or caterpillars, and when the disease manifested 
itself to libera ma among their companions in 

the field. In either case, the assumption is that the disease 
will spread front infected to healthy individuals. Theoretically 
the conception is excellent, and under certain atmospheric 
conditions the result is all that could be desired, but unfortunately 
the suitable condition.- rarely prevail. When the atmosphere is 
dry the spores or coni a .".and inoculation by 



contact takes place but slowly, whereas during an excess of 
moisture the conidia are washed into the ground and perish, 
while the larvae or caterpillars do not move about, and contact- 
inoculation is arrested. During calm, damp weather the results 
are, as already stated, satisfactory. 

In France the most destructive insect pest is the larva of the 
common cockchafer — Mdol-tuth'i ru/yuris, Linn. — known as le 
ver blanc, and the fungus utilised for its destruction is Isaria 
densa, Fries. 

In the United States the " chinch bug " — Missus leucopterus, 
Say — is very destructive to cereals. The fungus used for its 
destruction is S/nu-ot ri<],u ,,, ijtnljulifrrum, Speg., and, after the 
expenditure of a considerable amount of time and money, 
Professor Duggar, of the Cornell Agricultural Experiment 
Station, has expressed his opinion that, although en 
certain amount of good at times, the outcome is not sufficiently 
efficient to be of any practical value. 

A far greater measure of success appears to have attended the 
attempt to exterminate the devastating hordes of locusts, more 
especially the red-winged locust— A rritlium ,>urpu rif rum, 
Walk.— in South Africa, by means of a fungous parasite. 

The fungus was first observed, and its significance realised in 
IS'M',, l,y Mr. A. \V. Cooper, of Richmond. Xatal, who demon- 
strated that it could be readily cultivated, that it proved fatal in 
its effects on locusts, and that it was verv contagious. (Agri- 
cultural JnUrujlJ, ('<>,,<• of (run,/ lln,,r, viii.. j <S%, pp. :}30-;',;U.) 

Mr. Cooper afterwards continued his investigations on the 
locust fungus in the Cape of Good Hope Colonial Bacteriological 
Institute, being aided by Dr. Black of that Institution, with the 
result that pure cultures were produced in large quantities, and 
tubes containing a small amount of the fungus were sold to 
farmers at sixpence each. In the report of the above-mentioned 
Institute for 1898, Dr. Edington, the Director, gives a fuller 
account of the fungus, accompanied by extracts from persons 
who had proved its efficacy on a large scale. The method of its 
;i is so simple that the natives can use it with benefit. 
gton thinks the fungus probably belongs to the Ento- 
innhhtltorcce, but his very clear description ami figures show 
conclusively that the fungus is a species of Mucor'. Up to the 
present, however, the fungus has been distributed as M the locust 
fungus," and no scientific name has been used. 

Quite recently Mr. C. P. Lounsburg, Government Entomologist 
Cape of Good Hope, addressed a letter to Kew, asking for a correct 
determination of the fungus, which, on account of its proved 
uriliry ;is i iestn/ver of locusts, it was presumed might also be of 
value m destroying fruit-tree .■■at.-rpillars. In the meantime 
Mr. 1). Mr.Mpiue, Government Vegetable Pathologist of Victoria' 
had announced 8 that the Cape locust fungus was Mumr ,■<!<•<•- 
"" -"^ F . !V >- Hence a cir - t d.-r. i initiation ol the funiriis he.anm 
destructive to fruit. 

Six tubes containing the "locust fungus'' two from Vital 
S T f l\ fr ° m °F e Col ,° ny ' accom P^ied the letter from 
Mr. Lounsburg, and, on cultivation, proved to be pure cultures 



of one and the same fungus — a species of Mucor, Spores 
obtained from this material were sown on sterilized bread paste, 
pineapple, and uninjured grapes respectively, and in each 
instance the matrix was completely «-i>\ ••!■. <1 with a dense snow- 
white mycelium within 24 hours. Six hours later the mycelium 
assumed a greyish tint, which microscopic examination showed 
to be due to the presence of myriads of globose sporangia of a pale 
grey colour, the mycelium remaining pure white. Forty hours 
from the sowing of the spores, the entire mass of mycelium was 
dark grey to the naked eye ; microscopic examination showed 
this appearance to be due to the innumerable mature black 
sporangia, the mycelium still remaining colourless, or ai most 
here and there tinged with amber. The temperature ranged 
from 70° to 75° F. 

The sporangia are globose and black at maturity, and the 
surface is frosted with a very delicate layer of lime crystals. 
The size varies considerably, depending on the substance on 
which the fungus is grown, but the average diameter is 
about 80 p, although in many instances more than double that 
size is attained. The wall of the sporangium is pale steel-grey 
when seen by transmitted light. The large globose or broadly 
obovate columella is colourless. The spores are colourless, 
elliptical, and average 5-6 x 3-5-4 /*. 

The sporangia are produced in a racemose or corymbose 
manner on short branchlets, which are often furnished with a 
transverse septum near the point of origin from the main branch, 
and are always immersed in the loose weft of superficial 
mycelium, contrary to what occurs in other species of Mucor, 
where the sporangia are elevated on elongati - igi - 

The vegetative mycelium immersed in the matrix is very 
abundant, d--: ■ thickest portions varying from 

10-25 /jl in diameter — and expanding at intervals into irregular 
swellings containing reserve material. The thicker branches of 
immersed mycelium often contain large masses of a highly 
refractive substance in their interior. Septa are abundant in the 
mycelium ii - \. and are by no means rare in 

the aerial portions. 

In addition to the nutritive media already enumerated, the 
fungus grew readily on gelatine containing a decoction of plum 
juice, in water containing a 10 per cent, solution of cane sugar, 
and in a sterilized decoct i" - _ table matter. 

These experiments prove that the fungus is by no means 
circumscribed in its choice of a matrix, and consequently it 
would be uii I _re of the possibilities 

of the fungus, to spray its spores on fruit trees, as those spores, 
carried to the ground in the solution, would probably be able to 
develope as a saprophyte on decaying vegetable matter, and the 
resulting spores would be very likely to attack the partly 
matured fruit. 

It remains to state that the fungus attacks and kills cockroaches 

(pute as quickly as it does locusts. An exotic species— Prri^tnneta 

Austruhtsi<r, abundant in the warm houses in Kew Gardens — was 

-j town specimens were sprinkled 

with water containing the spores of the fungus in suspension, and 



98 

fed with bread mixed with mycelium and spores. Twelve hours 
afterwards the cockroaches were only just able to crawl slowly; 
one of the number that was allowed to remain undisturbed died 
shortly afterwards, and within two days was covered with a dense 
white myceli o a sporangia. 

The • remaining three enfeebled specimens were placed along 
with a dozen newly captured full-grown specimens, who, as whs 
expected, promptly ate up their weakly companions. Within 
24 hours the whole of the cannibals were dead and becoming 
covered with the Mucor. 

In the letter referred to it is stated that there is a suspicion that 
the Natal locust fungus of to-day is not the same as the species 
discovered by Cooper. 

The following may explain this suspicion. A fungus called 
Ktitnmnnhihnrn (i ryfli, Fres., has long been known as a parasite 
on various species of crickets and locusts. Some years ago 
specimen- of a i'n n_ - - • i v.-iv sent 

to the British Museum, ami it was suggested by Miss A. L. Smith 
in Science <7oW/>, June. 1S0">, that the fungus was an Entomoph- 
thnra. Some months ago Mr. .7. H.Hart, Superintendent of the 
i.-n. Trinidad, sent to Kew for determination a culture 
said to have heen prepared from an example of the " locust fungus " 
received from the Cape Bacteriological Institution. This example 
was not a pure culture, but certainly included Entoiwyhiimni 
Grylli, Fres. 

It is quite possible that E. (JryUi does occur as a parasite on 
the South African locust, ami that it may have found its way 
into certain of the cidt train that it is not 

K. (rri/IH, hut the M ><<;,)■ described above, that is the potent factor 
in the "locust fungus 1 ' prepared at the Cape. 

The following is a description of the Mucor, which proves to be 
an undescribed species : — 

Mucor exitiosus, Ma we. Mycelium lanosum, niveum ; hyphae 
sporangiferse decumbentes, racemose ramosa?, ssepius septate. 
Spnmugia glohosa, atra, till-doo ,.< diam. ; columella globosa vel 
obovata, Sporce hyalinae, ellipsoidete, 5-6 x 3'5-4 //.. Zyi/<i*j><ir>r 

Bibliography. 

1. A revision of the Genus Cordyceps ; Geo. Massee, Ann. 
Bot., ix. (1895), p. 1. 

2. Gazette de Milan (1835). 

3. Biblioteca Italiana, lxxix. (1835). 

4. Hist. Nat. des Vegetaux qui croissent sur l'Homme et sur les 

5. Berlin Kntom. Xeit., |s:,s, p. ITS. 

6. The Entom'pht/mrrtt of the Cnited States: Koland Tlia\tor 
Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., iv., No. vi., 1888. 

7. Report or' the Director of the Colonial Ructerioiome il 
Institute for 1898 ; Cape of Good Hop,., hs'.ip. ,,. si. ° 

8. Brief report on Locust — Fungus imported from the Cane • 
D. McAlpine ; N.S. Wales Agric. Gaz., x., Nov., 1899 i 

xi., March. 1900, p. 184. 



Description of the Figures. 
1-2. Miicor e.ritioms, showing racemose and corymbose arrange- 
ment of the sporangia ; x 60. 

3. Fertile branch bearing two sporangia ; a. entire, in optical 
section; b, the sporangia] wall and spores have disappeared, 
exposing the columella ; x 400. 

4. A columella and base of sporangial wall ; x 400. 

5. Spores ; x 400. 



IV.-PLANT POISONOUS TO TREK OXEN IN 
TRANSVAAL. 

The following correspondence gives all fie i callable information 
as to a plant extremely fatal to oxen in the Northern Transvaal. 

Its deleterious properties appear to have been known locally for 
some time, but only recently to have attracted more general 



War Office to Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
(116 Cape/1657.) 

Sir, 

I AM directed by the Secretary of State for War to forward 
for your consideration a report on the death of a number of trek 
oxen alleged to have been poisoned by eating certain plants while 
grazing in South Africa. 

Specimens of f/n a poisonous plant. En,>/«>r'/ii 'ma nvpnted). ami 
(/') anon-poisonous plant an- enclose. 1. aid ilie Secretary of State 
would be obliged if you would cause them to he examined and 
identified, and would 'he grateful for any information thai mav h.- 
forthcoming as to their alleged poison. nis action. 

I am, &c. 
The Director, 



(Enclosure.) 
To the Principal Veterinary Officer, South Africa. 
" Re alleged poisoning of trek oxen, the result of eating certain 
plants when at the grazing grounds." 

I have seen no cases myself, and am indebted to Veterinary 
Lieutenant Sawyer for the symptoms and post-mortem appearances. 
He states : " In the majority of cases progress is rapid ; often the 
- noticed is the animal halts, trembles for a few seconds, 
and drops dead. In cases less severe the animal is tympanitic, 
lies down, groans with pain, there is a gre< ■ 
nostrils, and symptoms of gastro-enteritis are present." 



fall suddenly and di« 
I am given to understand samples of the plants in question 
have been submitted for your inspection, further that you have 

had them examined and classified by ;ut expert : therefore any 
attempt on my part to presume n> attempt a description of the 
plants is tinneeessary. and would be out of p];te<\ I am lolil there 
are three varieties — two poisonous, the third, although of the 
same family, not dangerous. The leaves of the latter are white 
on the underside. They grow on the northern slopes of the 
Magaliesberg, the plants appearing prior to the grass, and are 
therefore more attractive to the cattle than would be the case 
latei in the season. Wherever the wild Syringa flourishes these 
])lants are abundant. 

Stock owners state : Cattle reared locally will not touch the 
plants, but those brought from other districts readily partake of 

From the foregoing statement it would appear there are no 
premonitory symptoms, consequently no treatment. 

Avoid the northern slopes for grazing purposes: when this is 
done the trouble ceases. 

Conductor Cartwright states : If the oxen are allowed to drink 
freely prior to going to the grazing ground where these plants 
grow no bad results follow if the cattle partake of them. This 
may be so, but it seems unworthy of credence, inasmuch as cattle 
do not drink much — if at all — in the early morning. I know of 
no compulsory method to indiiee them to change rheir habits. 



•eticulum, and omasum intensely 
inflamed and easily detached. Rumen contained a quantity of the 
leaves of the plants. 
Lining membrane of abomasum also inflamed and of a dirty slate 

intestines showed catarrhal inflammation. 

All other organs healthy. 

Taking into consideration the facts adduced : firstly, the 
aum i s. although suffering from acute gastritis ss.«-i n I with 
inflammation o ', - , >■ ' ,, , - signs of pain; 

here is no change in the secretions, or evidence 
of any deviation of health, death being sudden, I am of opinion 
the poison must be absorbed during the primary process of diges- 
tion; its action is central, insensibility is produced, and death 
take- pltce by coma. 

„ ± . (Signed) F. W. Sharp, 

Pretoria, Veterinary Captain A V D 

September 30, 1900. ' 

D.G.A.V. Department. 

Forwarded for your informa 

the poisonous plants, together w 



■ionel, P.V.O.S 



Royal Botantc Gar 


PENS. 


K'F.W 


, to War Office. 






] 


Royal 


'•lens, Kew, 


Sir, 






N 


..vcmber 12, 1900. 


I HAVE the 1 




ackn 


owledere the receipt of yoi 


letter of Novembe 






1657] 




with returned, on 








• of trek oxen alleged 


^L^an/a^kin- 


for their 


illelit'i 




n/n!| i f 1 ' 1 ,-iiif!!rm/i^'', 


the subject/' ' 
This is a natfreof 


;.,!:'K, 


•ri]' 7 ^ 


£**• 


;;;j t ;^^;;-/^- 






















Sierra Leone. 










3. The poisonor 


is properti 


es of 






lately attracted att< 


mthm. T! 


i6 onl; 




















of .U 






Hope for Novembc 


t <• last. 


























w Herbarium -rates th 










s resembling the pois« 


shrub, but not it. 


failed tin- 


Is 


by tli 

in. &c 


e Boers." 




(Signed) 


W. 


T. Thiselton-Dyer. 


Sir Ralph Knox, 


K.C.B., 








War Office, London, 


s.w. 







(Enclosure.) 

EXTRACT from Cap* A<jric»lturalJ<>urnal, Vol. XV., pp. 663-664. 

Poisonous Herb (Chailletia cymosa, Hk.). 

By Saturday's post I forwarded to your Department a small 
parcel of a poisonous herb which grows abundantly in this 
I is very fatal to cattle and any kind of ruminant. It 
seems only to be dangerous at this time of the year, just after the 
young shoots come out of the ground and cattle are ravenous af tet- 
any green herbage. I have just lost eleven head of cattle and mv 
nei-hi„, ur seven. It is the first season I have been on the place, 
and had not been warned of its whereabouts, so for safety sake 
had my cattle herded near the homestead, and unfortunately kept 
them on the only patch of poison on the farm. The first intima- 
tion of it I had was a cow making a few turns and dropping dead, 
and all the others died within 4b hours, or three days after .■■athur 
the poison. Some, as I h t\. said, drop 1 id v. 1 i < si^n of 
being sick; others have fits, as with strychnine: in most eases 
their legs become paralyzed and they won't walk, and the least 
excitement kills them. I may ale r death the 

inner coat of the stomach peels off as if it had been boiled, and 
the animal does not blowup until aim- death, when it does to 
a great extent, 

Zwartkop, Pretoria, L. N. Bean. 

September 18. 



102 

The plant is Chailletia cymosa, Hk., figured in Hooker's Icones 
Phwtantm. table ">9l, from Burke and Zeyher's Magaliesberg 
collections (Aapjes River). In 1890 I received the p] 
Dr. Brock, a medical man residing in Pretoria, with an account of 
its deleterious effect upon stock. 

Chiiillrtla tn.rirarin. a species native to Sierra Leone, is used as 
a rat-poison. The root is the part employed. 

The elim i ous principle, probably a glucoside, 



It would appear from the symptoms an.l pnat-morter 
thai the plaril iea tocj 

experiments it is impossible to do more than suirimsi 
stub anodynes ami sedatives as eldoral hydrate in doses < 
ounce every six hours. Laudanum may also he tried, ej 
ounces lor the first dose, followed hy one-ounce il«.^ . 
hours until the symptoms are relieved. Tincturt 
may also be tried in similar doses. 

D. HUTCHEON, 
Colonial Veterinary Surgeon. 



V.-RESEARCH IN JODRELL LABORATORY, 

1876-1900. 

The Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the 
- nee, commonly spoken of as the Devonshire 
Commission, in its Fourth Report (1871), p. 10, expressed the 
iai -it is highly desirable that opportunities for the 
:il Botanv should be 
afforded at Kew to those persons who may be inclined to follow 
hat branch of science." Effect was given to this recommenda- 
tion by the liberality of the late T. J. Phillips Jodrell. K- 

.: 

his name at his own expense (Kew Report, 1875, p. 2) It was 
• ml immediately brought into use in 1876 (Riu> Report, 
It -is necessary to explain that the Laboratory is not an 
"rl T^T- L* P°7«» ta to afford faci 



-: : : : 

From 1876 to 1892 the Laboratory was' i 
vision of the Assistant Director (from 1„ 
(see W /,„„, ;,. IS .,,. , ,,. , 1: , , Mmi , )r 
t.R.S., accepted ^ 

During the 
amply fulfilled* the 



stream of original work has emanated from it. Many of the 

researches have been of fundamental importance. Amongst those 
ma)' be specified : — 

.S., on the Electrical 



Dr. Schunck, F.R.S., on the Chemical Constit 

Chlorophyll. 
Prof. Bower, F.R.S., on Apospory in Ferns. 
Lord Avebury, F.R.S., on the Forms of Seedlings. 
Mr. Massee, on the Sugar-cane Disease, and on " Finger 

and Toe." 
Prof. Williamson, F.R.S., and Dr. Scott. F.R.S., on the 

Fossil Plants ..f tin- Coal Measures. 
Mr. Horace Brown, F.R.S., and F. Escombe, on the 

Absorption of Carbon Dioxide by Plants. 
The following list has been compiled of the published work 

jhed in the Laboratory. Copies of the papers have, as far 
as possible, been collected and are preserved in it : — 



Tyndall, Prof. J., F.R.S. Further Researches on the Depornuonr 
and Vital Persistence of Putrefactive and Infective Organisms 
from the Physical point of View. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 167 
(1887), pp. 149-206. 

1877. 

Sanderson, Prof. J. S. Burdon, F.R.S., and F. J. M. Page. On the 
mechanical effects and on the <■;•■■ 

on excitation of the leaf of Dionwn nnwijtula. Proc. Rov. 
Soc. 25 (1877), pp. 411-434. 

Vines, S. H. On the Digestive Ferment of Nepenthes. Journ. 
Linn. Soc. 15 (1877), pp. 427-131. 

1878. 
Abbay, Rev. R. Observations on Homileiu rus/alri.v, the so- 
called Coffee-leaf Disease. Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 17 (1878), 
pp. 173-184, tt. 13 and 14. 

Church, Prof. A. H. A chemical studv of vegetable albinism. 
Journ. Chem. Soc. 35 (1879), pp. 33-41. 
Sanderson, Prof. J. S. Burdon, F.R.S. On the Electromotive 
•" the Leaf of Diiune.'it in the Kxcited an I < 
States. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 173 (1882), pp. 1-55. 

1879. 
Church, Prof. A. H. A chemical study of vegetable albinism. 
Part II. — Bee -nation of Albino-foliage. Journ. 

Chem. Soc. 37 (1880), pp. 1-6. 



Bower, F. 0. On the ge 
of WrUvitsdiin mirabilis 
(LSSl,, pp. 15-30. 

Pfitzer, Prof. E. Beobachtungen ueber Bau und Entwicklung 
der Orohideen. VIII.— Uebersicht des allgemeinen A 
Orchideen. Verhaudl. d. natur-medizin. Vereins zu 1 1 
N. f. 2 (1880), pp. 350-364, 



Bower, F. 0. On the further development of Welwitsc) 
mirabilis. Quart. Journ. Microse. Sc. X.S. 21 (1881), pp. 571-5 

1882. 

Bower, F. 0. The germination and embryogeny of Gneti 
Gnemon, Quart. Journ. Microsc. Sc. 22 (1882), pp. 278-D8, t. 2 

Cross, C. F., and E. J. Bevan'. Contributions to the Chemistry 
Lignitication. II.— On tin- Oxidation of Cellulose. Journ. Che 



Gardiner. W 
Schunck. E. 



1884. 
Bower, F. 0. Note on the Gemmae of Ah 

r»'"-ii. Linn. S.,c. Bet. 2i>(LS81,. pp. W.V-loT, 
■' 0. Preliminary Xote on the A 

Bower, F. 0. On the Comparative Morph 



Bcwer, F. 0. On Apospor 

Mr. Charl^ T. Druerv-s ()]>< 
(1885), pp. 360-308, tt. 1 1 an 



Schunck, E. Supplementary Note on the Constitution of 
Chlorophyll. Proc. Roy. Sue. 36 ( ISSI), pp. 285, 28(5. 

Scott, D. H. On the Laticiferous Tissue of Muni hot (ihtiiuvii 
(the (Vara rubber). Quart. Journ. Micro.se. Sc. N.s. 21 tl88L>, 
pp. 193-203, t, 17. 

Scott, D. H. Note on the Laticiferous Tissue of Hevea 
tprncefnia. Quart. Journ. Mierose. Se. N.s. 24 (1881), pp. 204-206. 

1885. 

Bower, F. 0. On the Development and Morphology of Pln/llo- 

ijlnssu,,, l)ru„nin,H.-lii. Purl 1.— The WiMali ve Organs. Phil. 
Trans. Roy. Sue. 17(1 (1885), pp. 665-678, tt. 71-73. 

Bower P. 0. On the Apex of the Root in 0*»mn<1a and Todea. 
Quart. Journ. Mierose. Se. X.s. 2."> (1885), pp. 75-103, tt. 8 and 9. 

Schunck, E. Contributions to the ( 'h.'inistrv of Chlorophyll. 
No. I. Proc. Roy. Soc. 39 (1885), pp. 348-361. ' 

Scott, D. H. On the Occurrence of Articulated Laticiferous 
Vessels in Hevea. Journ. Linn. Soc. Hot. 2L (1885), pp. 568-573. 

1886. 



. 14-16. 

Lubbock, Sir John, Bart, (now Lord Avebury). Phytobiolo- 
■_■ ■■■ Observations on the Forms of Seedlings and 
to which they are due. Journ. Linn. S«>e. Rot. 22 < 1886 i. pp. 311- 
I'd. with 134 figs. Part ii. Journ. Linn. Soc. Rot. 21 -." . 
62-87, with figs. 135-176. 
^ Schunck, E. Contributions to the Chemistry of Chlorophyll. 



1887. 

Bower, P. 0. On the Pitcher of Xepenthe*, a study in tin- 
Morphology of the Leaf. Annals Bot. 3 (188-.I >. pp. 239-252, t. 16. 

Bower, F. 0. On Dr. Macfarlane's Observations on Pitchered 
Insectivorous Plants. Annals Bot. 4 (1889), pp. 165-168, with a 
figure in the text. 

Calvert, Agnes, and L. A. Boodle. On Laticiferous Tissue in the 
pith ..f Mm,, i, , , , ,,. mi on ml pi < n« ol Xu< I, n i.< 
Tissue. Annals Bot. 1 (1887), pp. 55-62, t. 5. 

Calvert Agnes. The Laticiferous Tissue in the Stem of Hevea 
hrasiliensis. Annals Rot. 1 (1887), pp. 75-77. 

Gregg, W. H. Anomalous Thickening in the Roots of Cycas 
Seemannii Al. Braun. Annals Bot. 1 (1887), pp. 63-70, t. 6. 



106 

Johnson T. The Procarpium and Fruit of Oracilaria confer- 
voides. Annals Bot. 1 (1888), pp. 213-222, t. 11. 

Massee. G. Disease of <'t,h>n,*ift in Jamaica, with an Intro- 
ductory Xote bv I). Morris. Jonrn. Linn. Sor. Bot. 24ilS*7'>. 
pp. 45-49, t. 11, and two figs, in the text. 

Massee, G. On Gasterolichenes, a new type of the group 
Lichenes. Phil. Trins. Roy. Soc. B. L7S (1888), pp. 3(>5-3U9, t. 2.~>. 

Massee, G. On causes influencing the direction of growth, 
and the origin of multicellular plants. Journ. Bot. Q8S7 . pp. 
257-267, t. 277. V 

Oliver, F. W. On a point of Biological Interest in the Flowers 
of p/, uruthollit orxatus, Rchb. f. Nature, 36 (1887), pp. 303, 304, 
with 4 figs. 

Oliver, F. W. On the Obliteration of the Sieve-tubes in Lami- 
narieae. Annals Bot. 1 (1887), pp. 95-117, tt. 8 and 9. 

Oliver, F. W. Ueber Fortleitung des Reizes bei reizbaren 

Berichte d. Deutschen Bot. 

•ith 2 figs, 

Oliver, F. W. 
muscosa. Rchb. : 

Scott, D. H. On Nuclei in OsnUarhi and T»h/ r nthrir. Journ. 
Linn. Soc. Bot. 24 , 1SS7 , pp. 1S.S 192, t. 5. 

Scott, D. H., and H. Wager. On the Floating Roots of S»sb«nia 
aculeata, Pets. Annals Bot. 1 (1888), pp. 307-314, t. 17. 

1888. 

Cooke, M. C and G. Massee. A new Development of Ephelis. 
Annals Bot. 6 (1N>9), pp. 33-40, t. 4. 

Johnson, T. Awuthobhtm O.njcedrL Annals Bot, 2 (1888), 
pp. I.".. -160, t. 10a. v J 

Massee, G A Monograph of the Genus Calmtoma, Drov. 
(Mitremyce, Aw). Annals Bot. 2 ( isss,, ;,., ■»;, i- (< t . 3. 

AnWVntf Pl T 7 e ^ e . 0f , SeXUal 0l ^ ans in Vadium. 

s 1...1-. 2 (Ls,s8), pp. 47-o4, x * - 






Stmctnre Development and Afflnitiee of 

Bof3 Ve (1889) W p.Sl a neW FOmi ° f Trapella Sinemis - Annals 

Xo^nrSw C ^ ntlib ^ions to the Chemistry of Chlorophyll. 

in text. y ' (18SS) ' pp - 41S - 4:>J ' wi,h ^ "-*■ 

1889. 

uS^.vt(%7p?^^ sr 9h - water Alga - jonra - 



Oliver, F. W. The Weathei-Pla 

Kew. Bull. (1890). pp. 6-25. 

Scott, D. H. Distribution of Hat: 
Annals Bot. 3 (1889), pp. ■445-446. 



1891. 
, Disease. Kew Hull. (1892). pp. 



Scott, D. H., and G. Brebner. On the Secondary Tissues in 
certain Monocotyledons. Annals Bot. 7 (4893), pp. 24-62, tt. 3-5. 

1893. 

De Wevre. A. Contribution a I'etade dea Mucorin. - 
d'une Monographie de cea Champignons. Grevilha -. - 
pp. 1-8 and 69-79. 

De Wevre, A. Recherchea but Le Cubebe et sur les Piperacees 
qui peuvent s'y trouver. Ann. Soc. Sc. Med. Brux. .']. 

Green, J. R. Researches on the Germination of the Pollen- 
grain, and the nutrition of the pollen-tube. Phil. Trans. Roy. 
Soe. B. 484 (1894), pp. 385-409. 

Massee, G. On Trichosphaeria Saa-hnri, Mass. — a fungus 
causing a disease of the Suffar-cane. Annals Hot. i U8'.»3'), pp. 
545-532, t. 27. 

Scott, D. H. and E. Sargant. On the Pitchera of Di^ludio 
,ntth*;n,:<i (Wall,. Annals Hut. 7 i 1S\K\). pp. 243-26:1 tt. 11 
and 12. 

Williamson, Prof. W. C, F.E.S.. and D. H. Scott. Further 
observations on the organisation of the Fossil plants of the Coal- 
Measur.-s. Pan I. < 'ahi ,nii>s, Cnhi HK.sttfl, >,s. and Spheno- 
p},t/tln»i. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. ISd (1*9.7). pp. 863-959, 



1894. 

cilauo Canals of the 



ios 

towards a Knowledge of 
Spr. Annals Hot. S 1 1*94), 
, 133-206, 

Massee, G. Note on the Disease of Cabbages and allied plants 
known as "Finger and Toe," etc. Proc. Roy. Soc. 57 (IS 1 .*.")). 
pp. 330-332. 
Williamson, Prof. W. C, P.R.S., and D. H. Scott, P.R.S. The 

Root of Liiq'nmilrmlm,, n/flh>n,iinm. Will. 1W. Roy. Soc. 56 
(1894), p. 128. 
Williamson, Prof. W. C, F.R.S., and D. H. Scott, P.R.S. Further 

observations .-. ... m- .„, ,,r rhe Fossil Plants of the 

Coal- Measures. Part IT. The roots of Cnhnuifrs. Phil. Trans. 
Roy. Soc. B. 186 (1895), pp. 683-701, tt. 15-17. 



of Orchids. 
5), pp. 421-429, 

Massee, G. Root Diseases caused by Fungi. Kew Bull. (1896), 
pp. 1-3, with plate. 

Sargant, Ethel. Some Details of the First Nuclear Division in 
the Pollen Mother-Cells of Liliunt Martcu/on. L. Journ. Roy. 
Microsc. Soc. (1895), pp. 283-2*7, with iigs. 42-51. 

Williamson, Prof. W. C, P.R.S. and D. H. Scott, P.R.S. Further 
observations on the organisation of the Fossil Plants of the 
Coal-Measures. Part III. Ay,//,,,/.,,./,,.,,, and HrU-mnqw,,,. 
Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. 186 (1896), pp. 703-779, tt. 18-29. 

1896. 
Brebner, G. On the Prothallus and Embrvo of Danaea simplici- 
folia, Rudge. Annals Bot, 10 (1896), pp. 107-122, t. 9. 

Green, J. R. On the Action of Light on Diastase and its 
■■nee. Phil. Trans. Rov. Soc. B. 1SS il8'.*7), 
pp. 167-190. 

Gwynne-Vaughan, D. T. A new case of Polystely in Dicotyle- 
dons. Annals Bot. 10 (1896), pp. 289-291. 

Gwynne-Vaughan, D. T. On some points in the Morphology and 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. 2. Bot. 5 
< 1897), pp. 287-299, tt. 21 and 22. 

Lang, W. H. Preliminary Statement on the Development of 
upon Fern Prothalli. Proc. Roy. Soc. 60 (1897), pp. 

Rn^TSSm ^l^^^^e-Rhisuptts uecans, Mass. Kew 
Bull. (1897), pp. 8T-90, with plate. 
Worsdell, W. G. The Anatomv of the Stem of Marro-amh, 
^oiCycadeae. Annals Bot. 10 

JS? 1 ^ W ' °'< °u n 5® Development of the Ovule of Christi- 
Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 31 



Brown, H. T., F.R.S., and F. Escombe. No 
very Low Temperatures on the Germina 

Proc. liny. Soc. C2 ( ,1897 i, pp. ir.0-165. 

Brown, H. T., F.B.S.. and F. Escombe. On 
Endosperm of lL,r,h>u m r,m,„rr .iurin- <ier 
Soc. 63 (1898), pp. 3-25, t. L 

Gwynne-Vaughan, D. T. On Polvst.lv in 
Annals Bot. 1 1 1 1897), pp. 307-325, t. 1 L 

Lang, W. H. Studies in the Deveh-pmei 
Cycadean Sporangia. L.-The Miero,p,,ram 
doxa. Annals Pot. 11 (1897). pp. 121-138, t 

Massee, G. Slime-Flux. Kew Bull. (189' 

Scott, D. H., F.R.S. On the Structure ai 
Plants from the Palaeozoic Rocks. On 
type of Fossil Cone from the Low 
ciferous Sandstone Series). Phil. ' 



Scott, D. H., F.R.S. The Anan mi. tl . I uraeters present 

Scott, D. H., F.R.S. On the Structure and Affinities 

is tres, found 

L-i.hin.lr, ,//,■„ n S r ,„■,-,•/ of Williamson. Phil. Trans. P., 
1S9 i IS'JS), pp. ,S3-H)i;, tt. 12-15. 



Massee, G. Gummosis of Priam* j<Hi»ni<;i. Thunk Kew Bull. 
(1898), pp. 321-326, with plate. 

Salmon, E. S. On the Genus Fissidens. Annals Bot. 13 (1889), 
pp. 103-130, tt. 5-7. 



Boodle, L. A. On some points in the Anatomy of the Ophio- 
gloxsmr. Annals But. 13 (1899), pp 377-394, t. 20. 

Boodle, L. A. Stem-Structure in Schizaftireae, (ilctcheni<i<-:><tr 
and Humi-nophullur,,,,: Annals lint. 13 (1*99), pp. f>24. o25. 

Hill, T. G. The Structure and Development of THghchin 
marifimum, L. Annals Bot. 14 (1900), pp, 83-107, tt. 6 and 7. 

Massee, G. Cacao-Disease in Trinidad. Kew Bull. (1899), 
pp. 3-5, with a plate. 

Scott, D. H., F.R.S. On the Primary Wood of Certain Araucari- 
oxylons. Annals 1W. 13 (1*99), pp . 615-619. 

Worsdell, W. C. The Comparative Anatomy of Certain Species 
of /-:»rr/>h„l„rtn.<, Lehm. Trans. Linn. Sue. Ser. 2. But. 5 f 19(>!!). 
PP. H5-459, t. 43. 

Worsdell, W. C. Observj 
Female "Flowers" of Con 
548, t. 27. 

Worsdell, W. C. The Anatomical Structure of Bowenia xptu-ta- 
hilis, Hook. Annals Bot, 14 (1900), pp. 159-160. 

1900. 

Boodle, L. A. On the Structure of the Stem in two Species of 
L>t<-nj,n,lin„t. Annals Bot. 1 1 ( P.n Hi), pp. 315-317. 

Boodle, L. A I.— On the Anatomy of the Hinnenonlnilhir, Y/ ,.. 
Annals Bot. 14(1900), pp. 455-496, tt. 25-27. ' 

Brown, H. T., F.R.S., and F. Escombe. Static Diffusion of Gases 
n to the Assimilation of Carbon and Trans- 
Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. 193 <19<H» U 



and L 



pp. 223-292. 

Scott, D. H., F.R.S. 
t'i tlii< ttion in Certai 
(1900), pp. 306-309. 

Scott, D H., F.R.S.. and T. G. Hill. The Structure of Isoet.s 
Annals Bot. 14 (1900), pp. 413-454, tt. 23 and 24, and 



VI.-MISCELLANEOUS NOTES. 

Mr. JOHN PURCELL QuiNTOX, a member of tin 
Staff of the Royal Botanic Gardens, has been appoi 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, on 

Kew, Curator of the Botanic Station, Sierra Leone. 



Mil. \A(.K KXCKLBRKTH ('ASSK. ,i 

Staff of the Royal Botanic Gardens, 
recommendation <»!' Kew, Director 
Experimental Gardens in Hayti. 



• Messrs. James G. Duncax and (Ikohuk 1 
)f the Gardening Staff of the Royal Hotanic ( 
ippointed, on the recommendation of Kew, 
George's Park, Port Elizabeth. 



Maxime CORNU.— The death of this distinguished botanist has 
robbed Kew of a friend and correspondent of long standing. The 
Jardin des Plantes at Paris is part of a much larger organisation, 
the Musriin, ffffist„i t y XafurrUr. The horticultural side of it is 
the national horanieal garden of France, and its head occupies the 
office in the larger establishment of Professeur </>< Culture, 
Between Cornu and his predecessors the most intimate relations 
had long subsisted with Kew. His deai'n. which took place at 
Paris on April 3, at the early age of 57, severed prematurely a 
personal tie which had contributed greatly to the scientific 
; both institutions. 



Baillon, Naudin, de Vilmorin and Franchet : all men in the fore- 
most iank, whom their fellow-workers in England counted as 
friends; and now the untimely and unexpected 
death of Maxime Cornu has come upon many of us— and not least 
at Kew— as a personal grief. I saw him laM autumn in l'ari> full 
of the business of congresses into which he was throwing 
himself with irrepressible vivacity and energy. He had often 
complained of ill health, but nothing in his appearance had 
ever suggested to me ground for serious anxiety. I had hoped to 
induce lam to pay us a visit this year. I could not go to his 
funeral. Xothing remains but the sad satisfaction of writing 
these lines to his memory. 

Cornu was born July 16, 1843, at Orleans. The ability which 
he displayed in his schooldays seeme 1 at ' - 

by studies on the literary side. But under the influence of his 
father and of his distinguished brother, Alfred Cornu, he devoted 
himself to mathematics, and wil - H 

published in the X<> ><v •//->• Aimali-s <h Mat},/' ,■•>■.,<,, , j, a p, ,.„ ,,,> 
geometrical subjects. In my judgment there could be no better 



ii2 

preparation for a scientific career. Mathematics, as they are 
taught in France, habit u it. the mind to tin grasp < 1 g- m ra i < 1 • as 
and accustom it to rise from isolated facts to large generalisations. 
The descriptive side of science, it cannot be doubted, has a 
cramping influence, ami it is the fate of too many of those who 
devote themselves to it to be unable "to see the wood for the 
trees." Cornu's mathematical studies, at any rate, decided him 
for a scientific career, and at the " Fcole normale superieure " he 
eventually fixed on botany. He was for a time assistant to 
Duchartre. professor at the Sorbonne, a man remarkable in many 
ways, hut possessing in a more rhan ordinary degree the power of 
presenting with French lucidity the results of current research, 
not forgetting those of _Knglish workers. While with Duchartre, 
Cornu produced in lSTil as his doctoral thesis. Iris well-known 
memoir on the S<(jtr'>lr</ni«rr«; to which the Academic des 
Sciences awarded the I )esma/.ieivs prize. From the Sorbonne he 
moved to the Museum as aide naturaliste to Brongniart, whose 
daughter he afterwards married. Brongniart brought down to 
our own day the best traditions of that illustrious school of 
French botanists whose philosophic insight into the principles of 
plant morphology and taxonomy has probably never been rivalled. 
and certainly not surpassed. 

Under Brongniart, Cornu devoted himself to mycology. He 
published in a comparatively brief period a profusion of papers, in 
which one is at a loss whether to admire most the untiring 
industry, the sagacity, or the wide range of his work. Every- 
thing pointed to his taking a foremost place in this branch of 
botany. But no one can be a myeoh _ - r without being drawn 
into the study of plant diseases, in which fungi play so large a 
part. Vegei ly attracted Cornu. and he did 

much excellent work in it. We owe to him the principle, now 
so familiar as to seem almost obvious, of preventive treatment by 
the careful destruction by burning of the drhri* of plants which 
may harbour resting-spores. 

In 1868 a mysterious disease made its appearance amongst the 
vines in the South of France. Plain hon. the professor of botany 
at Mmitpellier (who owed his earlv training to k'rwl discovered 
the cause in an insect — I'lujlln.r* ■,■// ni*t<i)ri.r— introduced from 
the New World. The injury which this ultimately inflicted on 
' France has been compared, and 
probably with justice, to that of the most devastating of wars. 
That France' has risen triumphant abov. this, as above so man v 
other disasters, is but one example of the indomitable courage of 
its people. Cornu, from his official position and special qualifica- 
tions was necessarily at <mce absorbed in tin task -hopeless as it 
seemed at first—of combating the scourge. For at least ten years, 
from 1872 onwards, he was occupied in little else. It is needless 
to enumerate the prominent positions in various inquiries which 
he filled : the most important was that of '•Secretaire de la com- 
mission academique du Phylloxera." His memoir on the whole 
subject published by the Academy has always seemed to me, for 
completeness and finish, a model of what such a research ought 



-Fb> 






»f common friends, diverted him I'm in tin- sci. m ilio work which 
ve all expected of him, and which his really brilliant powers 
•mitled us to expect. 
At the moment that Cornu entered on his new duties. Immirt 

■iad done so much — colonial enterprise. Cornu's ambition— and 

resources of the Jardin des Plantes in the work, much on the 

iivilising agency. To reduce Dom tribes to 

In ', . - t-tl'eoiivi . t ii, — "i> ti \ 

if passion. What he accomplished, both for the French colonies 
md for the enrichment of the gardens oi' his own country, with 
resources more limited than we have at our disposal in Kmdand. 
is to me surprising. But, unhappily, at the niomeni when he had 
ittained some measure of success his forces failed him, and he 
was not allowed to see his work fully crowm-d withaccomplishmenT. 
Cornu was the most loyal of Frenchmen. Had he been less so, 
he would not have sacrificed to the interests of France the career 

• sacrifice he made was not fully appreciated. Many 
of us have wondered that a man who had done so much had never 
been admitted to the Institute. But that recognition could not 
have been long delayed, and this adds another regret to his 
untimely death. 



Botanical Magazine for February. - Agave Peto-nc/rn, tr 
Central Mexico, is now figi • • The Kew pla 

which flowered in the Palm House in December. 1899, and p 
duced a scape, measuring, with the inflorescence, 14^ feet, is 



of 
hich is 

widely distributed in Xorth America, ranulm: from British 
Columbia, idon- !h- Hnckv Mountain region, to New Mexico. 
The form figured has been called X. ma/rm^t, and chiefly differs 
from the type i hivin- . ■- f - <»i ."> carpels instead of 1 or 2. 
Tin K, %\ pliu, w.i. num.ltiu,,, n.u.^.i - ny, nr. Du m u, o. 

annual, of which seeds were received from Hon. Charles Kills, of 
Kreusham Hall. Haslemere. hs Ih.wers, though smaller than in 
wild specimens preserved in the Herbarium, were three-fourths 
of an inch in diameter. K-hhh„y L >/is llndil is one ,»f the succulent 
Asdepiadaceac. if was found by the late Mr. Theodore Bent in 

- 

and i- i nam* ot Italy. < nrsi. i. Sai linia. and Sicily. Seeds from 
which rlie k'cw plan;- wer< raw, I v,cre obtained from the 
i .ardens. 



The perianth tube is green, 

lite segments are rather longe 

ambique and Delagoa Bay, is a unisexual 





ng to the Passifloraceae. The specit 




is from a 




i from seeds coiiimm 




Mrs. Monteiro. in 1884. Its flowers art 


• fragrant. 








linea by Mi 


. B..rkv for 


Mes>rs. 


James Veitch & Sons, of Chelsea, 








:ed to Kew. It is a digl 




- 




sof white tlowers. K«l: m-hu, P>, ■„, 








liatri 1 of Southern A 




Cecils were 


collect* 




':- ' •• - 




and a half long, white, with pink on the un 






TheK< 


iw plant has a stem thive feet high 




» are thick", 


dagger 


-shape, 1. -i'M-cadiiiu and recurved, in 






other species. Maxdevallia dears um, a nat 


ive „f \ew 




remarkable in having a strictly pendulom 


i habit. Its 




compa; 




bright reil. 


Tm- tigi.iv 



Botanical Magazine for April.-f. Vadmsfis tmrforia is one of the 
rarest i ees of the Eastern United States, where it is ! 

G 'i J " r ' '• '1 « S" *< d v, | 

•:> -rowing in the Royal Gardens. Amnt^huj,!,,,!!,^ 



115 

The planl produces a very stout peduncle from three to eight inches 
high, bearing an erect, pyriform spathe, the predominating colour 
of which is purple. Its spadix is much thickened towards the 
top and nearly fills the mouth of the spathe. which it slightly 
exceeds in length. K"!<t ,,•■},<» j\, , ■;,,,,, >■„. from Soeotra. was raised 
from seeds sent to Kew by the late Mr. J. Theodore Bent, in 1897. 
It has large, entire, obovate leaves, and flowers three-quarters of 
an inch long, yellow and bright scarlet, liota fedts, to „/. >,„,,'i, 
from the Turkestan and Kokan regions of Central Asia. ha> hand- 
some white flowers with an unpleasant odour. The calyx is coated 
with red glandular hairs. Kew obtained a plant of this species 
from Mr. T. Smith, of Xewry. St<t r ,Iia nnhili* is an exceedingly 
fine new species closely allied to S. giquitteu. It was sent to Kew 
by Mr. T. G. Griffiths, of Port Elizabeth. 



Botanical Magazine for May.— 


W ethia molU 


*, from California, 




perennial : 






The gen 


us closely 


t appro: 


iclies R 




differs in having 


fertile rs 


.v-iloivrs ; 


md a pappus of 




il, rigid, persistent 


bristles. 


The spe 








the garden of the 


Rev. Cai 


■...n Kllac 






n. Pyrus a\ 






,d China, 






with white flo 


were about half an 










r subglobose, 


bright-red fruits. 










in the Kew A 


.rboretum in May, 




is pureha 




m Mr. 


L. Spath, of 


Berlin. Lonicera 








iihabitimt of British 


gardens, having, 












ngland since 1793. 


It gr,,\\ ? 


: at Kew 


ill the 


Rock ( 




it forms a small 






tVeelv i 


n May; 


tndJune. Mt 














sent "to Kew by 


Mr. Chal 








he Tape Towr 


i Botanic Gardens. 


It has thick cyliii 






5, and rather large 


terminal 




with w 




I pink petals 


. The beautiful 




- hlrnlnr. 


from Bi 




i well-known i 




has been 


in cultivj 


ition at 


Kewfo 


v many years. 





Hooker's Icones Plantarum .— The concluding part of the seventh 
volume of the fourth series (plates 2676-2700) was issued in 
February. It opens with a eo 

rubber-yielding plants. The first is C<istith,n nuxtrr, 
a native of Peru; but the exact locality is unknown. It is not 
unlike the original ('. rh/sfir,,, Cerv., and <'. Tun,,, Hemsl., 
represented by plate :26.'>| : but it is quite distinct. i'<istiU„<t is 
one of the genera now much engaging the attention ot 
and merchant- interested in the caoutchouc trade. The new 
Journal <V ' Atjficnliu ,->• Trnph-aU, especially, has taken up the 
subject very warmly. Eight more plates illustrate the genus 
Sapid),,. Among the species figured is S. suh,-rosi,r,i, Mueii. Arg., 
a native of Barbados. The drawing was made from the type 
in the Peri -ingly lent for the purpose by 

Dr. A. Engler, the Director of that establishment, who also 



iuatemala. Nicaragua, and thr. mahout the West 
. and South Brazil. F-w mvhids have anything 



Vegetable Fibres.— The papers relating to this subject, which 

collected m 1« »> in i vol urn* L i , l , , s / it II 

Tin- impression, for a purely technical publication of the kind, 
has been somewhat rapidly exhausted, and has for some time 
been out of print. A. new impression has therefore been issued, 
and is now on sale by His Majesty's Stationery Office. 



I os, u : Dr Y.I.Brotherus, 134 mosses from Turkestan and 

•"" m! " - N ';V ( ' "i-a. w,.: Mr - .,- , ;; „,. w 

sp,, -M/ ; v,,„ ; |,., A . h 

■> -Mr. II. B.Morse; 



K' li- 






the An 



D. Praia, 327 MyrtdceavaA 62 

- : ■ . , 
Mrs. i. !.. Pain,th, B 

' - . .' ' ^" ": : ''■ ' - - ■: ■:■■■ .i 

■ -^ ■:,:■".: • '■■;-.■ .- •-: : 

lenang, inclu.liuu- 62 rabber-yj 



117 

collections from Singapore, etc. ; Prof. A. Haddon, Malay Penin- 
sula ; Dr. M. Raciborski, 100 Cryptogams; Parasitic*, from Java ; 
Mr. T. F. rimes, nuiii.-.'.i specimens from Rarotonga ; Mr. E. Cheel, 
:■>:> Lichens from the neighbourhood of Sydney. Wv, - 
African plants were presented by Mr. A. Whyte, who sent l.atu) 
specimens from Uganda ; Archdeacon Johnson, IVl* from Xyasa- 
land ; Sir G. C. Denton, 62 from Lagos ; Messrs. W. H. T ~ u ~ 
and J. H. Holland, several collection- *~ 
K. J. Cameron, 46 from Xamasi, Brit 
Mrs. Kvrlyn (Veil. :>:>:, from Khodesia : IW. H. Srhinz, 55 from 

chieth f.-rns, from tin ■ Cape Peninsula. A small collection made 
in the Cape Verde Islands bv Mr. F. Newton was receive, 1 from 
Mr. Isaac Newton. North ami Central American collections have 
been received from Dr. X. L. Briuon, the secretary of the Smith- 
sonian Institution. Dr. M. Micheli. ami Mr. K. J. Campbell. A 
small collection of Trinidad plants were sent bv Mr. F. A. Lod-e, 
and seeds and specimens of various species of IJrrra from British 
Guiana, bv Mr. G. S. .human. Mr. K. S. Salmon lias presented 
various collections of Knj*'i pluhfi used hy him in his monograph 



Presentations to the Library during 1900— Prof. G. Arcamieli, 
seve.al papers on Italian Fungi: Mr. F. M. Bailey, two parts of 
his ijnernshind Flora : Dr. A. Baldacci. various papers, including 
one on the structure of the leaf and stem of tin new F <>jv at 

ritn)/><t"a: -'• '•• continuation of the late Dr. 

K,, rl -lai;e-- /. ->nus <F, Jlnrn ran ,tr<h rhnahrh 

h.ilF: Dr. II. Christ, several papers on Ferns, and a copy of his 
work, Die Fa, >» ! , <> ,<>, , <U , S< hn • • . Di L Fnvra. -a\ t> b\ 






el. a set of 


pamphlets 


.rt' 5 of the 






iodicals in 


. from the 


College of 




/ rt I'trfi- 




> : Cl'Ul'to- 


ud Dr. Mi 


voshi ; Dr. 




of South 



Dr. G. W. Parker 



md adjacent countries, compiled by himself. Among the nume- 
rous presentations by the Bentham Trustees are a complete set of 

Thr Rrp„rts ,,f thr British Assort,,/ in,, fur //„• Advancement of 

Macerand Pseudo-Apulejus ; a copy of the rare n»->: ■ 

the Herbanm, dated 1484; a large M i;..r lirion of /v r,y„„/ 

fieri/?/*, circa 1517; Hill's Projitatb Art,' „f <;„ ,,lmi ,,</ i:,74 ■ 
Leeuwenh<*k's.4,,v,//// .W„,v/>, editions 1 and 3 ; and'th. ■.,,„: 
tinuation of about 20 serial publications. 

foregoing list does not include numerous reprints and 
the periodicals 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



BULLETIN 



MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



Nos. 175-177.] JULY-SEPTEMBER. 



I -DIAGNOSES AFRICANS, XIII. 

698. Rhopalandria lobata, C. H. Wrii/ht [Menispermaceae] ; a 

B.Ciiinmiiisii, StnpWvi I >;>>«;,,, -../.injlin .<!,-;</<>.<,,. Kngl. (an l,'i,o- 
j)</l<i)iilrit>' species :- i, t'nliis trilobatis hispidis recedit. 

Canlis scandens, sulcatns, setis 2 lin. longis vestitus. Folia 
trilobata, utrinque hispida, 3 poll, longa, 3 poll, lata, loins acunii- 
natis, marginilms eiliatis: peiioli 2.-, poll, longi, tenues, setis 
praediti. Peclum-nhi* 3 poll. long us. <lense setosus ; racenius 
3 poll, longus, floribus fasciculatis : l>ractea' 1 lin. longae, apice 
setosae, ramentacese ; pedicelli H-2 lin. longi. S^.ala flava, 
oblonga, obtusa, H-2 I'm. longa, ~\ I'm. lata. Stamina generis. 

Gold Coast. IF. H. Johnmn, 102. 

Including the above, two species of Rhopalandria. are known 
both from malt' specimens. Four species of Engler's genus 
Diftsmrro/tht/lh/at are known, two from male and two t'rom female 
plants. It is very probable that further material will shew that 



1; i. longua. liorum euperio 

■dicelli 2 lin. lomri: l.ract.-ola- .-idmlata-. Spain 2 exr. 
•ata, lHin. lonua. on n- cufo-p U l e- em . .', mo i i<,i , r„',u 
embranaeea, glabra. 2!> lin. lonua. [Mala obc«.rdara. tlava, 

lin. longa; antherae rotundatae. Ovarium rufo-pubesrens ; 

CAMEROONS. Batanga, Bate*, 330. 



120 

700. Geranium Bryc« 
G. eine.rn, Haw., so.l 
distinguttur. 

Frute.v 1-5-p,^ lalis. nuuulis rotrorsum albo-villosis. Folia pal- 
matisavta, potiolata, superior;) 1 poll. ,liain. < iniVriora non vidi), 
supra appresse sericeo-pubescentia, sul.uis alb.-toinentosa ; seg- 
menta 5, subbipinnatitida ; stipula .">-i; lin. lomra, o-4-fMa, 
BegmentiB 3 [tie. Pedunculi 14-2 poll, longi, 

1-2-flori ; pedicelli |-1] poll, lon-i. *,,„,/„ :5-:>,i lin. longa, 
H lin. lata, oblonga, mueronata. CVw,//,/ 111 lin. .liaYn . h lf „l,„, 
purpurea. 

South Africa. Basutoland, on Machacha Mountain, in a 
moist kloof, alt. li'iOn ft., ft/,,/,/ //„„, j m Bri/cr. 

701. Geranium multisectum, N. E. Brown [Geraniacefel • 

!: ' "!"■ Linu - -" l ?<*"* nnnorihus , 
ghmdulosis distinguitur. 

Ibwha 4-;» poll. alra. minute appresse pubescens. JWm 5-8 lin 

I irtita, lobnlifl |-11 lin. 

';'.'"'* , -■arihns -qiboWtusis : p.-ti.>li i -1 ;, poll. \'',, u -j\'. 

I" 11 - 1 -, " Ini." ^^'oljon^r'murnlan!' 

C »/v,//f7 10-U h n . iliam., rul->ro-purpurea. 

«|« ™»:™'^; / / aSnt0lan ' 1 : Machacha Mountain, alt. 110 ,., 

^nnbusbivxiorib,,.. «• .■MrMll.n.'lai.i-adiVr/t. " ' '" ^ ^•'^ 
*>'//,../■ humilis, ramulis foliisque argenteo-sericeis w,j;„ 

-■■■'■■ : '- ■ ; . .. " '^ -■■;' - 

ungmculatum ; ala ] ■-■i«-u a, mil . 

Cape Colony. Queenstown Division • mnw ■ •. 
Queenstown, air. 400n fr.. f, 7/ /,,/>,, | ;,<„'; ' momUai " n«1<* near 

703 Melolobium Burchellii, N E /v „. rr 
pubescens. er foliol a 7 "/■ s '" 1 ll1 >'M"<' patule 

dense patul, < "> ; nb,n 

ascendentea. Folia \ '* * 
subteres, 



i.. . , 



snpra canaliculars; foliol;, 1! 



lata, obovata, obtusa, minute subapiculata, plus minus complicara : 

stipulaa 1 lin. l«.n-;«\ ',- ' lin. lata . oUnp,,. .Hlix . , mata* vel semi- 

hastatae, acuta>. Finn* -J -.", prop,- apin-s lamulorum laxe racemosi, 

■ bracteati, pedicellia bibracteolatis. Bracket 

lj-l., Iin.lt.nga-, i,— : lin. lata.', ovaio-laiicLM)!;ita>: luacteola? bracteis 



i -'.', I in. ion -a. . 
Colesberg Divi 



///[L.-uminosae-Genisteaj]; 
pubeseens, tandem glaber. 



British Central Africa. Shire Highlands, Mount Mlanji, 

705. Vigna nuda, N. E. Brown [Leguminosaa - Phaseoleaa] ; 
jecies insignis, aphylla. 

lta, basi ramosa, aphylla. Caul 
Willi Sfepe radieales, 1 f-7 poll. 
)rsim pubescentes, 2-3-flori. Pec 
. lon-us. hire i-ampanulatus. "j-denratus" paree 
UDermus; denies l -1 j lin. lon-i, dHroidei. acuti. Corolla 9-10 
n. l.mga : vexillum sulmrbiiMilaiv. 1 poll, latum: carina valde 

Rhodesia. Mashonaland, abundant in dry pastures, Fight 



rtia alata, N. E. Bn 



fe-Poterieaa] ; 



imosus. Folia fascieulata, trifoliolata, 



latus, ellipticus, 



122 

707. Cliffortia Galpini, A 7 . E. Brown [Rosacea' - Poteriese] ; 
similis C.jimip<; -i,,a; Linn. !".. sod Vol i is breviovibus supra planis 
nee canal iculatis cliff ert. 

F niter dioicus, dense ramosissimus, ramis adscend'ainbu- 
einereis. Full a ad apices ramulovmn fascicnluta. sessilia, trit'olio- 
lata ; folio-la ldj-4 lin. longa, | lin. lata, linearia. mucronata vel 
acuta, -oipra plana. dorso obtuse cannula, niinutissime serrulata, 
glabra. /-'A.,-,., Hessiles. Terminates. S< t ,ala floris masculi 1^ lin. 
longa, -: lin. lata, sepala Moris feminei £ lin. longa, '-f lin. 
lata, elliptica vel elliptico-ovata. mucronata, glabra. Stamina 
\\ lin. longa: filamema fi lit ovinia : anthei\-e didvmie, loculis 
oblongis. Ovarium obovoideum, glabrum. 

Cape Colony. Queenstown Division : Hangklip and Andries- 
berg Mountains, alt. i;0m(m;7ih) ir.. <lalpi)u Jo()7. 



7"-. Crassula variabilis, A r . E. B> -own [Crassulacese] ; f'./a/ra- 
vii'fa'i. Thunb.. arete ailinis. sed H„ribu> alb!, et foliis varia- 
biles differt. 

Planta ?, G poll, alia, basi ramosa. Fnlia variabilia, 4-faria, 
dense imbricata vel 1-3 lin. distantia. en- ( -ta vel patentia, sessilia, 
leviter connata, mine V:,-l lin. longa, 1-2 lin. lata, ovata, obtusa, 
turgida, nunc "2-4 lin. longa. -l->>\ lin. lata, deltoideo-ovata, acuta, 
plana vd ti - l.i. vii I . i . _ til > ln<m ms 1 run iea et niinu- 
:_papillato-ciliata. Ci/nut' parv;<», capituliformes, 5-7 florae, 



spieiform»-m : 
tissime ciliat. 






t l,n - ! " l! --' lin. longro, 

oWongae, ! ; ■■ . Q induia aypogynas, \ lin. longa'-, a 
apiee rotundatse, bilobse vel bicrures. 



. Cassipourea schizocalyx, C. H. Wright [Rluzopl 
mla, foliis ovatis annninatis, cahve |\ w :el hasin d 



Rami fceretes, glabri. Folk 



glabra, subtus ad 



l>prOSSe pilus | ; |, 

' ," riohiiv-, d.-ltoi,', ■,-,., 
lias ramulorum. < 'at,,. /,■ [ubi ova 



li:.: 



Hei'ba eJata, ramosa. Cmi-Iex tenuiter subvillosi, internodiis 
elongatis. Folio petiolata, V.,- U poll, longa, ;{-U poll, lata, late 

maturo 1-1; pull, diam. Cahj.-is lm.i ' valde hia.ptales, \-\\ lin. 
hm.in. I—: 1 "i ii- lati. majores hmceolati. aeiiti. i'orolla alba : tubus 
:i-i lin. lomrus. superne ampliatus, fauce villosus ; lobi vix 1:, liu. 
longi. ovati, subanui. Siamina inelusa, Capsula 2 lin. longa et 

minute reticulata. 
South Africa. Zululand, at Ungoya,alt. 1000-2000 ft., Wylie 



711. Randia purpureomaculata, C. H. Wright [Rubiace®- 

: ex allinitate /,'. ,,rt„n» ra; Benth. ft Hunk. 1'. a 4 ua 
calycis lobis ovatis et corolla; tubo latiore differt, 

Frutex scandens, 10-12 ped. alms. Hamuli teretes, appresse 
hirsuti. Folia obovata, breviter acuminata, 4 poll, longa, 2 poll, 
lata, supra glabra, subtus ad nervos hirsuta ; petioli 2 lin. longi ; 
stipuhe e basi lata subulata-. Florr* ad rainulorum aph-es M.litarii. 
Calyx 2 poll, longus, extus sparse hirsutus ; lobi ovati, aciiminati. 
6 lin. lati. Corolla luteola. purpurromaculata : tubus \\\ poll, 
longus, extus douse et apprese hirsutus: lobi '>-!,<■ 
minus acuminati. .<..■- ' > 

breviter hirsutus : stigma clavatum, 1 poll, longum. 

West Africa. Old Calabar, Holland, 8. 

712. Felicia lutea, A T . E. Brown [Compositae-Asteroideaj] ; ab 

:uLruitur. 
Herba perennis, \-l ped. aha, ramosa. Caules erecti, patule 
pubescentes. Folia alterna et opposita, plerumque 5-7 lin. longa, 
|-H lin. lata, majora usque 1] poll, longa, 2-"> liu. lata, sessilia. 
lim-aria vel ohlamvolata. obtusa. basi plus minus attenuata, 
utrinque patule pubescentia, vel inferiora supra - 
Pftlunntli terminales, solitarii, monocephali, H-2i poll, longi, 
patule pubescentes. Capihila \ poll. diam. Iiiv„far,-i squama- 
2-NeP.it.*, -id) *.iu.d.-. 2 lin. lony.r. x -\ lm. lat.e, lam • ■ 
L>ya'a Int. ■.;,.,. !,..,_-.. 1 n aiv>. ..1 usa-. Floras disci HHn. 
i. lutt-i. Va H ,i seta^ seabridae, 1 -serlata?. 
Arhanta obovata, valde eompressa. marginata. parce pubescentia. 



only one yet recorded in which the ray^florets ar 
appearance it resembles F. erigeroides, DC, but it is 

7i;>. Helichrysu 
Inuloidew] ; H. 
petiolatis subtus t 



124 

. Caulis erectus, suffruticosus, striatus, tenuitev 
noideus, 3-4-pedalis. Folia late ovato-hmceolata. bar 
deinde in petiolos decurrenria. o-7-nervia, subtus t< 
arachnoidea, supra glabrescentia, marginibus seabris, 
4 poll, lata ; petioli u poll, longi, alati. Gapitula p] 
bosa, 3 lin. diani. : bractea' oblonya:', obtuse, dilute ri; 

British Central Africa. Namasi, C'/mr,;,,,, b 



Macowania glandulosa, N. E. 



trulr.r r, 
/ • "' ' > I i. I«n-.. 1 In, h.r:t. .s, hi n ,. sessil ,. I i„ tria. 

ualia, sessilia, '.'-if ,1,, ,,. /„', 'or, , 

bracts- 1-seriata^ Hneares, acuminata*, subciliolata3, 
dorso glanduloso-pubescentes et viscidsv, apice fusco-maculat.-o : 
iuuri.a,.-. ;, r m . l< m -a>, .;_=} [j u . j lt ... . ,, xt , ,;,„., s ul - Matim minores. 
hWr^hirnh,,,, convexum, alveolatum. i<7o/v<* rw//7 20-24, uni- 
.-■riari : corolla 6 lin. longa, 1 lin. lata, lineari-ligulata. apice 
minute bifida, involucrum excedens. lute-a. Finn-* disci numerosi ; 
corolla 3-3} lin. longa, tuhulosa, ,-npenie ampliata, hiwiter 

corollam sul . . -eabrbhe. persistent^ Ui-aria 

dense serieeo-pubeseentia. 

NATAL : on the top of Tabamhlopi Mountain, alt (JOOO-TOOOft 
in February, Evans, 412 ; Langalibalele's Location; 

Mr. Evans describes this as a ■ round shrub " on his label, but 
does not state its size. 



Folia conf erta, 3- 1 lin. lon-a, }■-}, lin. la 
acabrida, dorso vit lis 2 albo-tunlentosis i 
minalia, solitaria. radiata. 5 lin. diani 
longus, albo-tomentosus. Tnvolncri soua 
imbrieaue, interiores 3-4 lin. longse l lin 
los*. Corolla radii 4 lin. longa, lig'ulata," 
lutea. A'h'innt pubescentia. 



Tib. Senecio viscidu 






Herba 10-12 poll, alta, glutiiiosn-pubescens, foliosa. Folia 
l\~d poll. longa. tb-ll I'm. lata, petiolata, oblonga, phmatisecta, 
.".. pauddentati vt-1 pinnatifido- 
■'■._, lin. longi, •-:» lin. lati : petioli basi plus minus 
auriculati. Capitufa laxe corymbosa, pedunculata. I lin. longa, 
3 lin. diani., discoidea. caerulea, 18-20-flora. Involuerum i-ylin- 
dricum, liasi bracteoiis parvis subulatis paucis calyeulatum : 
liractea 1 lO-l,",. linear.-, su I'tilato-acuminata-. Cnrnlla tubulosa, 
5-dentata, ad medium anipliata, da bra ; tubus 3 lin. longus ; 
dentes \ lin. longi, anguste ovati, apice tuberculato-incrassati, 
reflexi. Achwniu striata, glabra. 

Natal. Byrne, alt. 1000 ft., 11W ; Van Reenens Pass, alt. 



717. Euryops floribundus, A T . A'. Z?/v>w/i [Composite -Sene- 
eionideae] ; ainnis E. pr,hn,<-ulat<>, X. E. Br., pedunculis triplo 
brevioribus facile disiinguitur. 

Frutex 3-5 ped. altus, ramosus, omnino glaber. Folia l-2£ poll, 
longa, supra medium furcata vel trifida, lobi 3-10 lin. longi. \ lin. 
lati. lineari-subteretes, acuti. Pedimculi ad apices ranmrum 
rorymbosi, \\-2\ poll, longi. graeiles. Cup, tula radiata, !, poll, 
diani.. lutea Ii,ruliimi,,i hemisphaericum, 8-9dobatum~; lobi 
ovati, subacuti, trilineati. F fores radii 3 lin. longi, ligulati, 
obtusi ; flores disci li- lin. longi, tubulosi, 5-dentati ; dentes 
ovati. acuti. reflexi. Fappi setae copiosae, scabridae, exteriores 

Cape Colony. Queenstown Division : in valleys near Queens- 
town, alt. 3500 ft., dafpin 1536. 

718. Osteospermum glabrum, N. E. Hroini [Composita-Galen- 
duloide-e!: pr..\imum (>. srahm. Tbunb.. sed foliis lfevibus 
noribusque majoribus distinctum. 

Frutex l±-2 ped. altus, omnino glaber. Rami conlerti, stricti, 
erecti, dense foliosi. Folia alterna, 1-1 5 lin. l.,nca, - lin. lata, 
lueana. acuta, mucronara. dorso earinata, en-era. laxe imbri.-ata. 
Pc<hi„riiliis teriuinalis. l-A lin. longus. foliis bivvior. Capita/am 
snlirariuiii, \\ poll, diani. hiro/um' braetea: 12-14 biseriatae, 
• Mi lin. longae, 1£-1£ lin. latae, lanceolate, acuminata, dorso 
seabrube. Finns radii 7 lin. longi, 2 lin. lati, lineari-oblongi, 
apn-e rrulentatijutei : dores disci 2 lin. longi, tubulosi, 5-angulares, 
breviter 5-dentati, angulis scaberulis. 

Cape Colony. Riversdale Division : on the summit of Muis 
Kraal Ridge, near Garcias Pass. alt. 1500 ft.. Gafpin, 1217. 

719. Ursinia alpina, N. E. 



Herba perennis. Folia radiealia. conferta, i-l-j poll, longa, 

2-5-jugi, :{-2 lin. longi, .'. lin. lati. lineares. brevitt-r aristato- 
apiculati. Saipus 5-10 poll, longus, monocephalus, laxe foliis 



126 

reductismultibracteatus. ('><,„/></„„, 10-13 lin.diam. I t ,r,>?,i-mm 

late campanulatuui : bractea' 4-.">->eriata'. _:l;d »r »-. sparsim <dan- 
<luins,. -punctata*, cxteriores l'meares, acuminata', intermediae 
olnon.jfa:. oPtusa\ bninn ■->- m .,! ••, interiores maximse, oblongse, 
olitusa'. apice mriii].r;tnan;r. Uvunneie. h'rrr^himhim eonvexum, 
pal. u urn . pi! t - i m, i il ' i . ap . ut, tridhc. ( '•>r<Jhi 

radii 4-5^ lin. longa, 1 lin. lata, ligulata, minute 2-3-denru-uSata, 
supra lutea, sabtus cupreo-brunnoa, extra gland ulosa ; disci 
tulmlus-.i. a-.li'iirara, limy, glandulosa. Pcqyti squamae late ovato- 
oblongae, obtusissimae. 

Natal. On damp rocks at Ulundi, alt. 5000-6000 ft., 



Caulis 3-1 ped. altus, simplex, puberulus, setosus, usque 
ad apicem foliosus. Folia alterna, suprema sessilia, cetera 
petiolata : pctioli j-l-J, poll, longi, spinuloso-marginati ; lamina.' 
2-7 poll, long*', 1-4 poll. lata.', elliptic:..' vel olliptieo-ovahe. 
foliorum supremorum oblongaa, obtusae, late sinuato-crenatae, 
breviter spinuloso-ciliatae, supra virbles. scaberula'. subius canu- 
tomentosaj. C'l/n'tuhi pauca, corymbosa, radiata, multiflora, 
t ] p'-U. diam. Inrolurri braetea' pat-'iitc-. 1 -7 lin. l<>ng;e, W\ lin. 
-. acuta% spiu.is -mucrrmata •; ciliata . mrinque minute 

piibescens, lutea: labia suba'.piibm^a : labium exterius ligulatum, 



5000-6000 ft., 



Berkheya nivea. X E.^lim^ [Composite- Arctotideae] : 

/; - --">"< in rr<r. Harv,, differt folds majoribus, maridnibus 



iiMis.T, 1 1' 'lit iculata'. Ovarium appresse pubescens. 
Tra NSVAAL. Cerro de Pasco Mine, near Barberton, alt. 2200 ft., 
Galpin, 1356. 

722. Berkheya spinulosa, N. E. Brown [Compositae-Arctotideae] ; 

eapitulisiis B. A<U«un, Honk. t\, similibus. Hoi planta hunrilior, 
foliis minoribus et niagis confertis. 

Herba bipedalis. Caul is simplex, alatus, usque ail apicem foli- 
osus. minute glanduloso-pubescens. Folio approxlmata. intVriora 
2-.'U poll, lonya. | poll. lata, supeilora gradatim minora, angnste 

glandulosa, subtus dense albo-tomentosa. Canitnhi 3-1, corvm- 



7 lin. longi, 11 lin. lati, ligulati, apice trid 
3£ lin. longi," tubulosi, ad medium 5-d< 
glabrum. Pappi squama? obtusae, dentici 



723. Anagallis Hanningtonii, /;</',<-• ; kilmulaoea*] ; ad A.parvi- 
rant, Hoffm. et Link, aceelit : ivredit sepalis ovato-acuminatis, 
rolla calyce sesquilongiore, tubo brevissimo, lobis ovatis. 
Herba annua, erecta, glabra. Caules graciles, tetragoni, superne 
aiosi. Folia sessilia. opposita, parva, ovata, mucronata, basi 
;e rotundata. Flores ad axillas foliorum solitarii. pedicellis 
3endentibus floribus multo longioribus. Sepala ovata, acuminata, 
lin. longa. Corolla pallida, tubo brevissimo, lobis ovatis. 
amino, calyci asquilonga. Capmla globosa, parva, ad medium 



In habit it e 


los.lv res. 


■miles 


A//.S-/ 


wocAtVi 


a>/nr,)sis t Hochst., but 


- li is a eapsul 


e whiel 


tspli 


ta into 


valves. 


724. Sebaea humilis, 


v. e. 


Brou 


•>, [G t 


ur an t ■•»• e] : proxima 




(ham. et 


Schlecht., i 


lillert 
















Herba annus 




U-2i i 


Oil.! 


ilta, glabra. Ca, 


gracilis. Foli 




ini-ilo: 


■a ro 


eulata, 


subsessilia, U .T. lin. 




,. lata, o^ 


-ate vel 


orb 




■ovata, suboi 












2-10-florje. Prdirrili 


cTrhl'iri h ™-'\ 




^V'im 


'"lata 


i ; i ;;;;;;J' 


n-ia, a.urissima, alato- 
ia .l lin. lata. CWWta 


5-loba, lutea ; 


tubus fy 


lin.kni 


IguV; 


' loll' : 


2 fiu. longi, lf-li lin. 



staertte, fere 1 lin. longae, lineares, eglant 
exsertus, 2f lin. longus, prope bas 
magnum, percrassmn, conoideo-clavatu 



725. Sebaea laxa, .V. E. limn:,, I'^emianaceieJ ; species dis- 
tinctissima, ranmsa, folds lancvolatis acutis, cymis laxis. 

Ha-ha annua, 4-l<> poll, aha, ramosa, glabra. />V/,// gracillimi, 

la\a\ 3-l.">-ilor;e. Srpula H I'm. longa, vix J, lin. lata, lanceolata, 
aeut i. ca.fi'; U 

1;,-1| lin. longus; lobi 2-2 [, lin. lonid. 1 lin. lati. ovato-laneeolati. 

acuti vel subacuii. Sfumlnn Ion, [lin. longa; 

lineares, apice uniglandulosae. Stylus 1^- lin. 

-. glaber. 

Cape Colony. Riversdale Division -. on the Kampsche Berg, 

lliirrhrll, rn.s'.i. Sw.-i; iountain, alt. 

anon ic. -^/;,m, 4337. 



726. Phyllopodium alpinum, A r . /</. />'m<//< [Scroplmlarino;e- 

Manuleae] ; a speciebus reliijuis facile distinguittir folds arete 

'. - crassiuseulis. 

Hct'ba pus'dla. En n, \,-2 poll. longi,decumbentes vel prostrati, 

pubescentes, usque ad apices foliosi. Enliu conferta, 2-3 lin. lon-a. 

:-;-l lin. lata, laneeohua. >ubobuisa. basi in petiolum attenuata, 

integra vel \ ut iden i ... ts^ius. u , glabra, basi eiliata. S/th-a 

sabglubusH', 4-o lin. diam. /bv/r^v, -J li u . longa,, : lin. lata-. 

■ Mongas obtusrt'. (Jul)/., if lin. longus, profunde 

")-lobus ; lobi lineares. obtusi. villosi. (J>,-nll,t tubus l : }-2 lin. 

lougKS : limbus 2 .',-3 lin. diain., 5-lobus, disco villoso ; lobi 

1-1 1 lin. longi, oblongi, obtuse rotundati, pallide eamei, 2 

supenores in disco auriantiaci. Ocaril loculi 4-5-ovulati. 

unit of Gena- 



tes, i)apill«isi»-M-.ibnili 1 r.tUj, \\ lin. 
; lobi lineares, scabrido-pubescentes. 






; -2\l Hyobanche rubra, A 7 . E. Brown [Serojihulanac 



130 

<'»rulht tubus 1-1] poll, longus, tenuis, cylindricus, leviter 
eurvatus : iohi piitoiitos, G-'.) lin. longi, tl-10 liu. lati. obovati, 
apice obtuse rotundati. 

Tropical and South Africa. Matabeleland, Elliott. 
Mountains of Basutoland, alt. 7000-8000 ft,, Right Hon. J. Bnjn: 



S>ijh»h,r l .L-2-pedalis. Folia opposita, 3-4 poll, longa, pinnata, 
. acuminata, 9-15 lin. 

1,,n - :i - ;i t lin. lata, glabra. l'a„i,; , tenuinalis, 3-4 poll, longa ; 

7 poll, longi, medio bil 

; ■ 
longus et latus; lobi 3 lin. longi, 2-2* lin. lati, delt..; 

Com/la lilacina, extra glabra, intra villosa ; tubus 
1 4 poll, longus. basi contractus, an-ust.' cvliudricins, superne 
tlatna ; lobi | poll, longi, late 
rotundati, ciliati. 2 ° 

Rhodesia. Mashonaland, in dry places, alt. 1500 ft., Right 



732 . Plectranthus albocoeruleus, N. E. Brown rLabiataj- 
Ja^HtfV ['-uh..s,. l vill, 1 siua, L ,t<,lvc 1 

aequahter dentato facile clistinguitur. 

nefol'at ^n r T'Tn Ca " f '\<>K™ tetragonus, villosus. Folia 

.: ' :i, ; Us l ~-2 1»" 1J - - ., 2-1 pell. 

breviter cordata (lobis brevibus sap, ;, t m ,i. 



conferti. Bractew i-1 lin loner*. i a i;„ 



ns molliter pubescentn.. 

/■/ s.ssib s, m spieam longe pedunculatam basi ramosam 

. longi. <7«fy 
mSi a * f medmm «qnalitt-r .i.l, ntatus. iutU^nsTlentei;^ 
';■■■■; gnmnm patentea, demum erecti vel subeonnivente: 

egssESsss 



British Central Africa. 



nba, Malta 






pnbescens, 

1-1£ lin. longi, deltoidei, a 

mentosa ; tubus vix exsernis : labium superius H lin. lor 

breviter et obtuse bilobum ; labium inferius 2 lin. longum, ] 

latum, 4-lobum ; lobi oblongi obtusi. 

Cape Colony. Richmond Division : Rhenoster Poort, Bin 



734. Stachys albiflora, N. E. Brown [Labiai.-.-Siacln .l«-;t ■] : 
proxima S. yramUjolia; K. Mey.. calycis infunilibuliformis 
lentibus patentibus differt. 

Caul is erectus, molliter villosus. Folia petiolata ; petioli 
^-1;{ poll. loiiLfi. villosi ; lamime 11 -o\ poll. loo^i\ 2-11, poll, 
lata', eordatae, acuta?, crenato-de; Hirer pubes- 

centes. Verliril/aslri fbflori, ivmotiusculi. Pcdirrlli .'. I'm. longi. 
C'lhj-r infundibuliformis. 5-dentatus, pubescens ; tubus 2 lin. 
lon.i-nis : dentes 1 lin. longi, patentes, deltoidei, spinoso-acuminati. 
Corolla 7-7l> lin. longa. alba : tubus e calyee exsertns ; labium 
superius ponvcuim. -nlw-i-r him. eoinpiv^o-Lraleatum, apice 
truncatum. extra glandulosn-pubeseens : labium inferius trib.bum. 
extra minute pubescens. lobis lateralibus rotundato-oblongis, 
obtusis, crenulato-denticulatis, lobo antico transverse clliptico 
minute crenulato. 

Natal. On the Drakensberg Range, alt, G000-7000 ft., Evans, 



Herha 10-15 poll, alta, eiveta. m is. Folia 

petiolata ; petioli 'l-\\ I'm. lon^i ; laminae 9-15 lin. longa 1 , 6-11 lin. 
lat-e. deltoideo-ovatse, obtusae, basi aperte corda ..,.'*,, |. U i tt e. 
rugos;e ( :-). F/orrs axillares, solitarii. oppositi. P><1, : , ■<■//' < 1—1 ?, lin. 

Corolla 8 lin. longa, puberula ; labium superius 2 lin. longun 
suber.'crum, suborbiculare, concavum ; labium inferius U lin. 
longum, trilobum, lobis lateralibus brevibus oblique deltoideis 
obtusis, lobo antico transverse elliptico obtuso minutissime 
crenulato. 

NATAL. Tt-er Cave Valley, on the Drakensberg Range. Emus. 



rassis cinereis, apice minute 
-7 lin. lata, falcata, obtusa, 
uninervia, oblique venosa, 
m 2f poll, longum, circa 



132 

nn-ntosro. suporno uia i .r.f. prinnim albo-ciliola 
lain calved bivviores, \},-\ \ poll, long;e, ?)-['> I'm. 
>tus.v : oxtonon - LH.itl.i'un mni.-i.^. Mibaeutro. 
mentosus ; tubus 1 -:, poll. longns : lobi 10 lin. loiw 
i lobum lnvxiti-r btliduni apicibus punuvntibu-s 

riato. b^.b-u-M,. Mun;,!,^loconliiiuo. 
TRANSVAAL. Hillsides near Barberton, alt. 
tfein, 973. 

737. Protea subvestita, 2V*. #. Broivn fProte 



or nana, rarnis junioribus tomentosis demnm 
onferta, st'ssilia, \\-.\\ poll, longa, f-1 poll, 
longa, obtusa vel subacuta, basi angustata, 
dense lanata, demum gl ..brat a, baud marginata. 
Ionium. 1 T-lf poll, latum, sessile. Involnrvi 
se; interiores U-l'j poll. I onira\ i'.-o lin. lata\ 



i Colony. Pc 



73*. Arthrosolen fraternus, N. K. Brown [Thymelseace»] ; 
similis ,1. i/jitnnnst'irhufi;. (\ A. Mry., s,-d foliis omnino glabris 
or Horibus duplo Iongioribus differt. 

Snjrriih>.r 6-10 poll, altus, nmlticaulis, ramosus. Rami erecti, 

-' pnb.'seoiin^. /-';//>/ opposira.snbstssilia, 4 6 lin. 



Laehnsea passerinoides, JV". E 



1 I'm. lon-a. :, lin. lata. lane*. lata, ooncava. dorso valde cai'inata. 
glabra, mar-inibu.-. ciliata et apice barbata. Capilala perparva, 
2-flora ; involucrum 1-1. fact. •attmi : bractoa- foliis similes, erect a\ 
l\ lin. longa?, concavae, apice dense barbato-ciliatat ; braeteobe 
interiores i.iinuta.. lin„uvs. dense villosa>. r,/ /,/,•/.< tubus 1 I'm. 

(ila n<hi!<i S, cylindrical, vix £ lin. longae, ad fauces inserta\ 
Stamina X. biseriara. inaquibmga, exserta ; filamenta longiora 

CAPE Colony. Riversdale Division : ..n the mountains of 
Garcias Pass, alt. 12,000 ft., (iahiin, 44<a7. 



740. Euphorbia cala'r-u. . iphorbiere]; 

ex affinitate K. (iraatii. Oliv.. foliis obovatis. babitu erecto, caule 

ILrha perennis, 2-3 peel. alta. Caulis glaber, teres, basi 
lignosus, 3-4 lin. crussus. Folia sparsa, obovata, glabra, apice 
brevissime acuminata, acuta, basi attenvtata, !-."> poll, lotma. 

capitulo central i t'emineo. ceteris masculinis •. rami cicairicibus 






glandula? capituli centralis 5, aliorum 

nargine exteriori lobatae, e facie inferio 

2-4 semel vel bis bifmeatis apici" 



l. Old Calabar, flowering i 
ultivation at Kew from the 

ium Cameronii, 



Cm 


>tles 7-8 ped 


. alti, carnosi, ten 


des, glabri. Folia breviter 


petiol 


ata, 3 poll, ve 


1 ultra longa, circa 


1] poll. 


lata, obovata, acuta, 


basi 1 














'e, erecta.. PedUflC 




poll, longi, carnosi, 




>ui.pul.eHtli 






ovata?, pubescentes. 


I ',<!!,.. 


:■//,' 3-4 lin. 




, subclavati, carnosi. patule 










lata?, subquadratae, 




to irbm.lvtlos 


o-denticn1at», pul 




i, involucro paulo 




.res. Invnlu 






e infundibuliforme, 


integrum, marcnnt 






pubescens, superne 


glabr. 






lenti.fanaceas 5 quadratas 








tes divii 




: ( -tas ( 


:iculata ; fasc 


•icnli 2-4-bractfolati: b 


teolffi lineari-spath- 




, superne hi 


rtae, libera? vel coj 




Involucellum florin 


feminei inembrana 


ceum, tubulosum, : r 


.-an-ulai 


•e, breviter 5-lobum, 



•ii. utrinque villoso-pii besoms. 
briaiis. Ovarium appresse pnbescens ; styli ml medium bifidi, 
ramis filif ormibus. 
British Central Africa. Nyasaland : Namasi, Cameron. 

742. Bobartia gracilis. Baker [Iridaceae] ; ad B. aphijllam, 
K.T-Uuwl., accedit ; differt caulibus gracilioribus brevioribus, 

Cau-lis gracilis, tores, pedalis vel sesrpiipedalis, pallida vitvns. 
sulcatus. basi vaginatus. F»lia propria nulla. Spatl«i> X— i>, 
paucirlorte, in glomerulum terminalem folio reducto rigid* > parvo 
lanceolato suffultum disposita- ; spatharnm vulva' dura:, pallide 
virideB, exterior fj-n, interior 1*2-] .13 lin. longa. Prd'a-oUi sparine 

ubtusis eoniormibus ascendentibus 6-7 lin. longis. Stamina 
perianthio triplo breviora, antheris post anthesin convolutis. 
Ovarian* n.- -v!u> hivvis. ramis \\ subulatis 

erecto-patentibvts 3 lin. longis. 

Cape COLONY. Plains near Cove Rock, East London, alt. 50 ft., 
Galpin, 3254. 

743. Asparagus longipes, Baker [Liliacea>Asparagea3] ; habitus 

A. usiati<-i,\A\m.,vt A, aj'rimni. Lam.; recedit folds hand pun- 
gentibus, tioril u< -« , p > _ ninis ad basin ramulorum solum 
productis. 

Suffrutex sarmentosus, ramis copiose phmatim ramulosis. 
Ful in basi baud pungentia. Cladmln, 9-12-na, sul ren-iiu, <_rr;ieili-t, 
viridia, o'-l-i Lin. longa. Flares hermaphroditi, semp< 
ad basin ramulorum solum product i. p. ii.-.lii-. aiviiatis 5-d lin. 
longis. Perianthium 2\ lin. longum, segmentis lii.ni; 
viridi-brunneo-vittatis infra medium din eoimiwnribus. Stamina 
perianthio distinct..- breviora. an > luteis. 

Cameroon Mountains. Imported and presented to the Royal 
Gardens by Messrs. Sander, of St. Albans. It tlownvd ar K- v ; in 
November, 1898. 

744. Kniphofia longiflora, Baker [Liliaceaj-HemerocallideaO • 

ad A. xarmmtnsam, Kuntli. accedit ; d i; 
longiore, stammibus haud exsertis. 
PW/« linearia, bipedalia, fiaccida, viridia, acute earinata, basin 

versus 9-l<> lin. lata, ad apie, ■ 

Iambus. Peduncular vali Ins, t -ip, hdis . • Jim. , , 

6 poll, longus, floribus omnibus arete deflexis, pedicelli 
teis oblongis scariosis 11-2 lin. longis. /'. 

:i:.ti« nhtnaia 9 1^ 1™~; ' Cf* .-.',. . ,' V"". "' 



Natal, probably. Raised from seeds, co 
October, 1897, by Mrs. Watkins, Euston S, |U a 
flowered at Kew under glass in November, 1898, 



745. Aloe lugardiana, Baker [Liliaceffl-Aloine®] ; ad .4, 

tola,,,, lodaro, magis accedit ; diflert perianthii seamen 



ulricum, supra ovarium constrictum, 12-l'r, lin. ].,ngum ; 
tenia tubo ajquilonga. Stamina inclusa. S/t/tus demum 



Rhodesia. Bechu 



■s drift, Hotletle i 






Phu,ta 



Aloe (Eualoe) Galpini, Tlal,-,- [Liliacva'-Aloinese] ; ad A. 
•pKlnn, I laker, accedit ; dill'ert foliis latioribus, genitalibua 

i-pedali. Folia lanceolata, crassa, 
cleorsum 5-b poll, lata, ad a]. ■ ,. dentibus 

ebria ell deis mediocribus. 

/ inn at < validus (u-S lin. dun. ». basi ramosus Rasmus 

"i-. pedahs. pedicollis brevissimis. braeteis 

|' : ) irx ' ls "v;ins. P< rinnthiiim cylindricum, splendide rubrum, 

1^-11 lm. longum, pame ad basin fissum. Genitalia longti 

alt. 3500-4000 ft., 



747. Aloe (Eualoe) Lastii, Ba*« [L ha. i i - Uoinese] ; ad 

.4. brw-hstaehiifcm, Laker, aceedii : diHVrt foliis brevioribns 
latioribus deorsum facie distim-te hneatis. periamhio pallide 
luteo, tubo brevissimo. 

Caude.r simplex, gracilis, ses<piipedalis. F-.lia dense rosulata, 
lanceolata, 12- J ."» poll. lon-a. supra basin ?> poll, lata, ad apicem 
sensim attenuata. immaculata. interne facie lineara. aculeis margi- 
•■i- crebris deltoideis patulis. Prdu mains simplex, 
H-t2-pt;d:dis. braends va s plui us parvis pra-ditms. Rarmms 
■i. - -. -.'■■:'.;- 

obtusis pallidis viridi Hneatis. Perianthium rectum, cyi 

15 lin. longum, pallide luteum, apice viridi; I 

seinnemis rommvntibns, apice patulis. Stamina perianthio 

;ei[uiloiii;a. Stylus demum longe exsertus. 

Zanzibar. Sent home alive in '1885, by J. T. Last, Esq., 
and flowered at Kew in December, 1898. 



Uliacese-Aloineae] ; ©x 



136 

PI ant a breviter caulescens. Folia rosulata, prope apices 
decurvata, ;H poll, longa, 2] poll, lata, 4 lin. crassa, rigida, 
utriiKpie vernicosa, maculis oblongis luteo-viridibus ornata : 
dentes rabri, leviter recurvi, 1-H lin. longi, inter se 3 lin. 
disunite. Paairala leviuu- ramosa, l\ ped. longa ; pedvmculus 
compressus ; bractese a i , at®, pedi- 

cellospaullosup<>r :i nr< s. /'■ r'uhiiim st^niftir-i. i.lilnnga.ubt h>,i.a lin. 
'"■''-'._ : » Ini. lata, basi rubra, apiee semilryalma, vmdi-earinata. 
Sta>, una t'Mrriwra perianthii segmentis ;o<m iloi!L:;i, iiucriora 
paullu bivviuni ; lilanienta compivssa. Ova nam ovoideum. 

Somalilaxd. Ifigs AW/7// Cofe, 261. Described from a plant 
grown at Kew. 



7t:t. Tulbaghia campanulata, JV. E.Brown [Liliacea>Allkw] ; 
affinis T. ludwigiatue, Harv., foliis linearibus facile distinguitur. 



e. Vmbrlla circa G-flora. Pedicel! i 
Perianthii^ tubus 2i lin. longus, 2 lin. 
. lati, oblongi, 



iam.. « ampanulatus 
cuti. Cnrntia magna. 1| lin. longa, 
I'-v-ssinip tnlnbata. aurantiaca. 
Cape Colony. Queenstown Division 
^wn, alt, 3500-4i'm in t'r.. (; ,,;, li*t;o 



«..o. Dipcadibrevipes, />',//.»,■ [Liliaceae-Scilleffl]; ad D.mnonunu 

' ' ,! 7 = ll '*"* li-d' ; tn .< nor,./t ,!i'. I„vu,„ l,„. 

-Mis brevibus floriferis cernuis, p-.-i.tn.hii 
*>egmentis extenonbus hand eaudatis. 

^''/''^f'boaiis, 12-1-, lin. diam. Folia plura, ascendentia, 

. • . - , - • 
■■■■ 

^■- Jlu, ovano brevior. CVy«„/r ( oblonga, angulma, 



.. Ornithogalum tenuipes, 6'. #. 









BW&ms oblongus, sublievis, sursum attenuate JPnJir, \ ah 

- 



•>iv«U. longi ; pedioelli 5 - ' 



:.i t'<v:n' 



lin. diam. ; segmenta oblo 



trilobum lobis decurrentibus, s 

Cape Colony. Albany Dh 

Flowered at Kew in July,* l.siw 



753. Asplenium (Euasplenium) efulense, Baker [I 

diacerc]; ad-t. «i„ -, ■■ .. | ■. B , auv ., aceedit ; dill 
brevioribnri oblongo-laneeolatis, rhizomate gracili r 



754. Asplenium (Euasplenium) ruwenzoriense, Bt 






138 

755. Lygodium Brycei, Baker [Filices-Schizaeaceae] ; ad L. 
Karstenii, Kuhn, magis accedit ; differt frondibus sterilibus sub- 
rigide coriaceis nitidulis rhachibus brunneis. 

Lamina decomposita,ampla, pii 
subrigide coriaei'is urrhupi.' virMil.us nitidulis parce pilosis 
6-8 poll, longis ; pinnulae deltoideae, petiolata\ dorsum pinnace, 
sursuin rau«!;ir;r 'pinnatilida.'. segmentis ascendentibus contiguis 
oblongis obtusis ; rhaclii- -Ta<-i!j . i..'tvs, inaniculata, castanea ; 
venulse liberao, contigua), perspicua?. Segments frrtilia baud 



II.-DECADES KEWENSES 



DECADES XXXIV.-XXXV. 

331. Pterospermum Proteus, Jja ,-hill [Sterculiaceae] ; aspeciebus 
affinibus, P. s<(ia<>,,n,*i, I'irnv, et /'.' Insula, -i. I'fenv, floribus 
minoribus facile distinguitur. 

Arbuscukt 8-pedalis. Rami juniores pilis rufeseentibus dense 
teetl - * ■'■'■■■ >rpha, nunc fere integra, nunc 

irregulariter incisodobata, hjec basi peltata, ilia cor.i 
apice ob loborum parvorum propinquitatem 91 

ire! cuspidate, pleraque inawju 

- : . . . 

- fcecta. Flore* L-4ad 



am ; bracteas 1 



. longs?. Sept da 



exuisdt-nsi' lMifo-toniomosu, inrus pilis lou-iusculis nitidis ornsi 

' I'm. longa, 1 lin. lata. Prfa/a anguste linearia, 7-8 L u . 
' nria, margine atr< que crispula. A,,dm- 

■ 
Fruchts maturua 
•■ Eaciebua paullo sulcatus, dense rufo-tomentosus, 

H poll, longus. Semiaa ala inclusa 1 \ poll, longa. 

1 £ H 1 ISA ' Yunnan ; Mengtze, in woods, alt. 5000 ft., A. Henry 



•-•2. Oralis dispar, A. E. llmwa [Geraniacero] ; affinis O 

L " ""' ' r "- el - l-tioliBlongioribuBet floribus confertisdiMVrt. ' 

x ramosus, ramis pubescentibus. Folia sparaa, pinnatim 

, - --"- . "■ •' -■■- : ■ : . : , . .. ^ ■- , ■.-.■.. 

: - ; - ■-.-■ :■ • :•--'. .:■;:,..■■::,: 

acuta, ba b , cuneata, lateralis basi paullo obfiq 



t$9 

pubescentia. Pedunculi 3^-4 poll, longi, graciles, minute pubes- 
centes, apice bifidi ; divisiones 1^-2 lin. longi, dense 7-10-riori. 
Pnhrrlli fere conti.-ui. 1 .', .lemuni 2} d lin. longi, basi articulati, 
minute pubescentes. Sepala 3£ lin. longa, 1-1 } lin. lata, oblomjo- 
lanceolata, subacuta, pul.esccniia. viri.lia. edamlulosa. Petala 
\ poll, longa, lutea. Stamina basi iiK.na.Mpha : lilamenta 
edentata, longiora superne puberula. Ovarium ovoideiiin, ."(-sul- 
catum, glabriun. Pupxulu apice bivviter 5-cornuta, I ."(-carina! a, 



333. Dioclea (Pachylobium) megacarpa, Bolfe [Leguininosa 
'haseoleae]; ad 1). vio/aeram, .Mart., aeeedit, recedit legumin 
rcuato oblique corrugato velutino-villoso. ,-utura superiore vi: 



Kami birsuti. Stipuhi- falcato-laneeolata'. ucut;e, hirsutse, 
6-7 lin. longa>. Folia tril'oliata : t'oliola lute elliptiea, abrupte et 
brevissime acuminata, utrinque breviter pilosa, 4-5 poll, longa, 
circa 10-costata, lateralia basi oblique subcordata ; pen 
4-5 poll, longi ; stipellae filiformes, 2^-3 lin. longa?. Pedunculi 
j-1 J ped. longi, crassiusculi, subteretes, ferrugineo-velutini, 
niultill-.n. liradms non vi.li. X»,Ii iloriferi crassi. Pylio'llt 
3 lin. longi, ferrugineo-velutini. Braefm/a renifnnni-..rhicul;ita>, 
ferrugineo-vel utilise. Ca/i/.r late campanulatus. velutinus; tubus 
4-5 lin. longus ; lacinia superior tubo dimidio bivvior. lata. 
brevissime biloba, basi gibbosa ; lacinias laterales ei paullo 
longiores, ovatie, subacuta? ; lacinia infima angustior, tubo 
aequilonga, apice incurva, subobtusa. Petala calyx subduplo 
longiora; vexillum late orbiculatum, renexum, callis 

:. longa incurva: ahe unguiculata, oblique obovatae, 
' ■■• '. - ' i~ brevit.-r i • i itis ; carina alis brevior, incurva, 
Bubobtosa. Tubus stamina* valde incurvus, medio clausus ; 
antheriv 5 fcrtiles oblonge. 5 alternae parvee et effcetae. Ovarium 
.tense velutinum. Lnjumn, 6-6 J, poll, longum, 2\ lin. latum, 
incurvum, crasse lignosum, oblique corrugatum et sparse 
. veluuno-villosum, sutura superiore vix incrassata. 
Semina !5 vel 1, niti«la, liilo linear i seiuieincta.— Mucuau ': sp., 
Micheli in Mn„. Sue /%,-. et Hist. Nat. Geneve xxviii., p. 26. 

Tropical America. Trinidad : Cangrehal, St, Annes, Hart, 
6406. Brazil : Mai Fas. Parairuav : Assomptiun, Gibert, 9; 
Baiaasa, 1858a (ex Michel 7). 

A remarkable species whose fruits have long been known, and 
supposed to belong to a Muea.,m s but the receipt •? 
material from Mr. Hart enables them to be referred to their 
proper systematic position. 



phora (Eusophora) Bakeri, C. B. Clarice ex Baiter 
- • -Sophorea.] : ad S. hrt>ta r h>,llam, Linn., accedit ; 

floriferis brevioribus. 



140 

Fnib'.r, ramulis dense pubescentibus. Folia petiolata, impari- 
I'lnijaui, 1-X poll, longa ; foliola oblonga, obtusa, minute 

I ' n ' u;il; '; ] -~, l ,(,il ; 1oh«xji. sossilia, utrin.pie dense pnbes- 

«-"*']itia. hurrnn la xi, t-nnmalcs, p^lii-rllis brovibus dense 

•' <ntibus,bracteissubulatisdeciduis. CW#„c dense pubescens, 

•5 lin. longus, tnl.o ,•-,.:, i\h «^uk (/."»//" 

u'lahi-.i. Hibro-hite.i, calyct- sesrpiilonjriora. Frurtus longe 
supnatus, pubescens, demurn dehiscens, teres, seminibus 2-3 
oblongis, rostro magno persistente. 
India. Behar : Parasnath, alt. 3500-4200 ft., 



Begonia peristegia, Stapf£E 



■ Mil 



i-jMatis i-m.-sLvntibus arete amplexus ; sepala 
liii. longa, alba vel roseo-suffusa ; petala 
q. longa ; stamina toro convexo parvo inserra. 

• -, eonnectivo obruso, filamentis 
""">■ inter bracteay latissime ov.itas 3-3 l , lin. 

lis; lobi albi, ad 5 lin. 

- " - ■ ^ • - ' ••■ :■ -. ._: 

pilioeo aureo 



'ft., 


O. B. Clarke. 


i ;;; ri :: 


ned at tl 
.., p. 251. 


.end of 


»ddi 


cteis floribusque 


"nlilt oblonga, breviter 
magnum rotundatum 
poll, lata, carnosula, 

r 10-ncrvia ; petiolus 



their i 



sgracili bus rigid 
mbul 



■ > . . .. - , :• ■ 

••• 



141 

1 lin. long*. Corolla- tubus basi dilatatus. extus pilis idandulosi.- 
ornatus, £ lin. longus ; lobi ovati.acuti. A„lh;;r apico conspu-ue 
■ ''. basi tenuissime caudatte. Ovarium extus minute 
verrucosum. Pappus nullus. 
Australia. North-west Queensland, Lester. 

337. Hoya subcalva, BurUll [Asclepiadacete] ; ex affinitate 

//. purpurea Blume, et H. Guppyi, Oliv., ab una corona' radib 
elongatis, ab altera petalis subcalvis, ab utiM.iiif folds i. ■iniS..i-ibu, 
differt. 

Folia ovato-elliptica, brevissime acuminata, basi rotundata 
4-4^ poll, lou-a, -I--2:, poll. lata, -labra. nervis utrinque sal con- 
spicuis ; petiolus 6-10 lin. longus. Inllnrrsmilia- umbrllaia> 
8-10-florae ; pedunculus et pcdicolli ad' 1 .', poll, lon-i. -!ai>ri 
Srpala subtrian-ularia, [, lin. longa. <'<>r»f/n ad medium di\ is. 
10-14 lin. lata, dorsa glabra, intus praocipue ad margined 
minutissime pustulata nee pilosa ; segment a angnste trian- i i 
acuta. Corona- radii 2.\-3 lin. longi, medio vix 1 lin. lati 

New Guinea. Kaiser- Wilhelms Land Roll rung, 28. Solo 



338. Ceropegia perforata, N. E. Brown [Asclepiadacesel ; 

C. enmitu/iaim: Decne. affinis, differt foliis minoribus, .-..roll, 
maculata, coronae exterioris lobis perforatis. 

Herba volubilis, glabra. Folia petiolata, 24-2^ poll, longa, 
1 ato-oblonga, acuminata" basi * 
ata, costa subtus marsrinil 
Gyn 

Braj-b-a- minutae, \-l lin. longae, 
longi. Sepal a 1 lin. longa, subulata. On-iJIa- tubus 13 lin. lomrus, 
supra basin globoso-inflatus abrupt.' i-urvatus, suprnie int'tindi- 
buliformis, ore \ poll. diam.. extra albidus purpureo-maciilatus. 
glaber, intra basi kirtus ; lobi erect i. usque ad apicem cohaarentes, 
4,\-f> lin. longi, ovato-oblongi, obtusi, valde replicati, glabri. 
pallide lutei, extra basi purpureo-maculati. Cn-nuu i-.rh-rior 
basi cupularis, 5-loba ; lobi ovati vel deltoideo-ovati. sub apic.-m 
perfurati. eiliari. lut.-i. mar-imbu- et a.l : 

brunneo-purpureis. Corauie int>rin,'is lobi 1| lin. longi, on- 
niventes, erecti, lineares, lutei, glabri. 

NEW Guinea. Described from a living plant introduced by 
Messrs. F. Sander & Co., of St. Albans. 

■ >'■'<'.'. Echidnopsis Bentii, A r . E. Brown [Asclepiadacete] ; proxima 
E.dammam sorona omnino differt. 

Cnults 7-8-angulati, iis E. d<u»niunuiana- similes, glabri. 
Finns bini. iWlurl/i },~i lin. longi. -labri. Xpata \ lin. longa. 
uta, glabra. Corolla ~> lin. diam., extra viridis 



lobi 1| lin. longi et lati, deltoideo-ovati, acuti, velutmo-pubcruli, 
mar-in Urns revolutis. Corona exterior eupularis, peiuagmia, 
tnmeata, unirulis acutis parum productis, purpurea. Coronce 
interior;* lobi fere \ lin. longi, erecto-conniventi, leviter clavati, 
obtusi, basi fundo corona? exterioris adnati. 

Described from a living plant sent by the late 



:'4»i. Caralluma torta, A T . K. \ laceae] ; ab 

omnibus speciebus lobis corolla? in columnam tortis valde 
distincta. 

Cnofis obtuse tetragonus, 4-5 lin. crassns, nurniosus minu- 
rissinu- |iul..cs<;«'n> : iinu'iili [f\-in'i- dentati. Folia H lin. longa, 
lan.-.M.latD^ulml-uu, pubescentia. Flore* solitani. bivviter prdi- 
cellati, extra pubescentes. Se/mla \-\ I'm. It.nga. lvlk-xa. Cora/fa 

arcuati, superne tortuosi in columnam lnn-am mhiciii apice 
globoso-clavata !n eolneivntt'S, intra glabri, vi rides, basi brutmeo- 
purpureo maculati. Corona brunneo-purpuiva, apicibus loborum 
pallida : lobi fxteriores I'm- \ lin. lougi. .-jvcM, prol'umb bilidi : 
lobi interiores antheris incumbentes et iis longiores, plani, obbmgi, 
obtusi, dorso in calcar plus minus producti. 

SOUTH Arabia or SOCOTRA. Described from a living plant 
sent toKewbythe late Mr. Theodore Bent, in 1897, without a 
precise s 



Cauie* tdonirati, piiis fulvis densissinm teeth Folia opposita, 

iimiuara, acuta, basi rotundata, ) ~> _ \ .11 I mi. 

2-2^ poll. Is _ in! vo-canescentibus 

r "<'^< nil"'"' msius tecta: p.'riulus ; j-U poll. 

- -us. lnjlnrrtrt',,1,,1 laxa. bm-e r 

: pedunculus 6-8 poll, longus, sparse hirsutus ; pe- 

dicellii-lj: actese tineares. Galych 5-eecti 

: : - ■■■■-:; .;.-..- 'i - ..^ . ,:,-, : . ,, , - 



superata. 

New Guinea 
Mountains, Bio 



342. Clerodendron Curtisii, H. II. 
Viticese] ; species inter 

ola breviore confertiore. 
et caule fistuloso conspicue differt. 



143 

Frute.r nanus. Caulis fistulosus, inermis, striatus, minutissime 
puberulus. Folia opposita, petiolata, membranacea, obovata, 
obtuse acuminata, basi rotundata, glandulosa, supra glabrescentia, 
subtus minutissime pubescentia, integra, nervatione prominula, 
nervis primariis utrinque 9-12, ascende: "" 



vis secondares subparallelis ; petioli 
era>siusculi, srriati. ininiuU>inie puberuli. 2>-o poll, longi ; 
laminae 4} -9 poll, longa*, ->!,~l \ poll. lata*. Panlniht terminalis, 
multiflora, bracteata, raimfl is angulatis pubescentibus, 5-6 in. 
longa, 2h poll, diametro. Bnictr,r inferioivs t'rondosa- ; superiores 
subulatae, pubescentes, 1 lin. longae. Flores aurantiaci i ti.U- 
Cur/i.<\, pedicellis pubescentibus gracilibus suffulti. Cnhf.r 
campanulatus, alte 5-lobatus, extus minute pubescens, in! us 
puberulus, utrinque squamis peltatis multis vestitus ; tubus 1-1 J, 
■ : !<»l'i !a!if,M,|aii. a.-uminati, aperte o-nervati, marginibus 
ciliatis. 2-:? lin. longi, Hj- lin. lati. <'»,;,ll,r tubus ' rectus, 
oylindricus. S-H> lin. imigus. utrinque paree puberulus, -latnlulis 
clavatis sessilibus minutis prrmultis instrucrus ; lobi iiue.piales, 
subtiles, obovati vt-1 ellipti.-i. basi ad un-ues anirustati. ad margin. -s 

pra'tlnratione intra i^aleani eircinato-con voluta, longe exserta. 
Malaya. Dinding Islands : Bruas, in damp places, Curtis 



.■U3. Aristolochia gracillima, Hr,„*lr ; i [Aristolochiaeea>] ; inter 

deseriptione) sed lioribus dimidio ininoribus. periantbio non 
setaeeo-acuminaro: etian ad 1. I'istnlnrhi,,,,,, Linn., ace. I .dinVn 
cauhbus prostratis fold- eordatu-ivniformibus. 

f {>'■!■" pi limis vel f ere 

■■ ■ ■ ■ . . - . . . , ' 

longe gracii mbranacea, rotundato-cordata v. 1 

cordato-reniformia, 1-1^ poll, lata, integra, subtus pallidiora. sub- 
quinquenervia ; petioli fere capillares, saepius 1-1 \ poll. baud. 

■'•'■■ ."..■.■!■.:■■ 

capillares longiores. Prriantliiu.,,, sub-bilabiatum, tubo basi 
inflato-globoso deinde abrupte constricto superne cylind 
postico ovato-oblongo obtuso quam tubo saltern dimidio breviore, 
labio antico brevissimo truncato emarginato. Cnlnmiia ^li/hirl* 
brevissima. discnidea, brevissinie b-lobulata. t'u,,xula (matura 
non visa) glabra, subglubosa, vix i poll, diametro, angus- 
tissime 6-alata. 

CHINA. Yunnan ; Men-t/e, in one shadv spot onlv, at 470(1 ft 
A. FT/'Hi-u. ]}•>■>■> ■• iVMsr'rt.r.. .„, ,h, ,-•,-., ,,,',,! » 



Mi. Elatostema peltatu 



Herba : 


,dal.ra vol - 


Iabrosce 


ns, circiter pedalis, ca 


ulibns debilibus 




ibus. Fnli 




lata, tenuia, oblique 


i ovato-oblonga, 




do \U\ poll 




paullo supra basin 


peltata, obscure 


■ 










rime pel 


lucido-punc 


itata, v< 


mis primariis paucii 


3 inconspicuis ; 



pedunculis 1-li poll, longis, membranac. -a, lobata, circiter 9 1 
diametro, bract, is rmi —i ■ - (lores singulos vestientibus. Flores 
tetrameri, perianthii segmentis oblongis. 

Fiji. Vanua Levu ; common in damp shady forests between 
Mai-mai and Loma-loma, Home. 

345. Hippeastrum (Habranthus) teretifolium, C. H. Wriqid 
[Amaryllidiici-a-] : II. ,■—-.. Uakcr, proximum, foliis teretibus 
iioribusque duobus pallide rose is differt. 

Hnlbax pyriformis, brunneus. Folia teretia, acuta, 14 poll, 
longa, 2 lm. diam., parce glauca, synanthia. Srajais rol.usriLs. 
'•[ }' llU - "bus, :> lin. diam.. intVni,' vitiosiis. supine viridis. 
S/ " ' ' 1 ' "- i ! i - -tin< r i 7 /,,/vn '> • 

pedicelli 1^ poll, longi, viridt-s. l\;iu ul!nu,n pallida ros.-um, 
segmentis oblanceolatis, 2 poll, longis, u lin. I.nis. Stamina 
stylusque lit in ceteris speciebus. Ovarium oblongum, '5 lin. 

• ^ R r GT ^oI; Monte Video ' Onnt^ra, 285. Also flowered at Kew 
m July, 1899. 

346. Cheilantb.es (Adiantopsis) trifurcata, Baker rFilices-Polv- 

l'r. m^is :i( ,.,dn : diHVri 
tr-'iidibus multo mmoribus trifurcatis. 

St i pit™ dense caespitosi, erecti, gracillimi, 1-2 poll, longi, nitidi, 
nudi, mgro-castami. Lamina trifuu-ara, -J 

Y) ' ' ,h ' l<1 ," 1" llU1 • S '" ^'1'Osi, Sfu'l-,-1] 

La/ u.st n m rotundatum, viridulum, glabrnm, persistans. 
Central Brazil. Goyaz, Glaziou, 22G37. 

:U7. Asplenium (Anisogonium) macrodictyon, Baker rFilices- 

:./. .'/ ' - ■■ ■ ■■:■ 



rentes Turin*-;,,™ tt,^t«1 " ' -"" "' 



■ Mr. T. Moore proposed 



348. Asplenium (Anisogonium > Wallisii, I 

podiaceae] ; cum A. hemhrntidm, Baker, habii 
differt venis arcubus costal i bus more On 
anastomosantibus. 

Lamina oblongo-deltoUea. 1S--21 poll. Inn 
apice pinnatifida, deorsum simpliciter pirn 
utrinque minute brunneo-pubescentia ; rhae 
pubescens, hand paleacea : pinnae 3-jmra\ 
sessiles, LS-'ii lin. lata-, acuta', interne w 
arcubus costalibus regularity']- anastotimsante 
asivndcntes, ssepe anastomosantes. Snri gr; 



Colombia. Murri, Wallis. 

349. Polypodium (Goniophlebium) Bangii, Baker [Filices- 
Polypodiacesc] ; ad P. pihwlhmh-m, Linn., accedit ; differt 
frondibus utrinque paleis peltatis magnis ovatis membranaceis 

Rhizoma gracile, longe repens, paleis lanceolatis appressis 
membranaceis pallide ■ brunneis. Lamina lanceolata, integra, 
2-3 poll, longa. (i-'.t lin. lata, acuta, basi cuneata, modice tirma, 
utrinque viridia.'paleis peltatis ovatis ma-nis membranaceis pallide 
brunneis praedita ; vena' in areolas costulares pentagonas uni- 
seriatas anastomosantes, venula libera uniea centrali inclusa ; 
petiolus brevissimus. Sort magni, globosi, superficiaks. inter 

Bolivia. Yungas, Bang, 734. 



V!M. li 



350. Acrostichum (Gymnopteris) celebicum, Baker [Filices- 
iiaceae] ; ad .4. virens, Wall., magis accedit ; differt 
pinnatifidis basi trumatis 
antice auriculatis. 

Slipite* dense ea-spitosi, cradles, nudi. 3-6 poll, longi. Lamina 
sterilis oblongo-lanceolata, 5-6 poll, longa, 2-3 poll. lata, sim- 
pliciter pinnata, utrinque viridis, dorso obscure pu" 
la 



ilis 3-4-jimi> apir.- auastomosantibus. Lamina /<>> 



Ill— NEW ORCHIDS.— DECADE 25. 

M.jwsifhc, 

Folia oblongo-lanceolata, subobtusa, basi attenuata, circa 6 poll. 
hmya. 'J I'm. lata; vaginae spathacese, apiculatae, 1-1£ poll, longa?. 
Sr "i" a-v.-nd.-nn-.. graciles, 5-7 poll, longi, basi flexuosi, vaginis 
numerosisbrevibusobteeti : !>ract. , ru I .uloso-spathacese, apiculatae, 
carinanr, a lin. long*. S»i>rilnrnn, nil, us late campanulatus, 4 lin. 
longus; lobi rmngiilari-.vati, facie pubernli, apice in caudas 
fihformes 6-8 lin. longas extensi. Petala lineari-oblonga, U lin. 
longa, apice carnosa, 31 Labellum 2' lin. 

longum; hypochilium elliptico-oblongum, angulatum, hirari- 
natum, medio profunde canaliculauim : epichiliuni orbiculare, 
nee saccatum, facie carinis radiatis et callo medio ii 
( nhihiwi clavata, menrva, U lin. longa. 

Colombia. 

Introduced by Messrs. F. Sander & Co., with whom it flowered 

in June 1890. The perianth is straw-yellow, densely spotted and 

86 suffused at the base with dull purple, and the HpdnU 



242. Dendrobium (§ Pedilonum) capituliflorum, Rolfe ■ snecies ex 

' ,»»;,»>>,■;. K.,xb., a ,,„„ diMVr. I|.„-i bus" .n'n.nl.n, 
sepahs petahsque angustioribus. 

Pwithbulhi elongati, sulcati, foliosi, 6-10 lin. longi. jP /,a 

-■ -:•••'.- Poll, lon-a. X-ll li„. L a rn. 

f 1 '" 7 '"" laterales, dense ovoidei vel capituliWmes, n.n 1 r i il. .ri •. 

nangulares vel lanceolate, acute, 1-H lin. longe ; pedi- 

longi. S^alH,,, posticum ovato-lanceolatum, sub- 

alia subsimilia, basi in mentum 

tSSSF*? &**" oblongo-lan- 

• lin. lonLrnm. inn-rum. roneavmn. infra medium 

l^ullo constm-tum ; diseus U.-vis. <'„h, m „<t lata ! 

New Guinea. 

« J nr°? UCed . by ¥ essrs - F - Sander & Co., and flowered in their 
'" March. LS1»«>. The flowers, which are borne in 
vhite, with the column and 



petahs elliptico-oblongis 8 ' 

lateral* late triangular!- ov ,-. . . 



147 

columnar pede in mentum conico-oblongum extensa. Petala 
elliptico-oblonga, subobtusa, 3 lin. longa. Labvllum lineari- 
oblongum, concavum, f>\ lin. longum, margine prope apicem 
valide inflexo minute denticulato, medio subconstrictum et callo 
transversa membranaceo arcuato ornatum. Columna lata et 
brevissima. Mentum 3£ lin. longum. 

New Guinea. 

Imported with Dendrobium atroviolweum, Kolfo, by Messrs. 
F. Sander & Co., and flowered in their establishment at St. Ail. ana 
in October, 1808. The flowers, together with the pedicels, are 
light rose-pink, with light yellow tips to the sepals and petals. 
They are remarkably like those of D. rutrifmnn, Reichb. f., but 
are borne in racemes, not in axillary fascicles. 



244. Dendrobium quinarium, 
sepalis petalisque latioribus : 
recurvo, mento breviore. 

Pseudobulbi fusiformi-clavati, tetragoni, 6-9 poll, longi, basi 
graciles, apice diphylli. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, acuta. Pueemi 
subterminales, breves, biflori ; bracteae ovato-oblongse, acutse, 
3-4 lin. longae ; pedicelli circa 1-lj poll, longi, lawes. Sepala 
uceolata, subacuta, 13-14 lin. longa ; lateralia dorsali 
basi paullo latiora. Petala oblongo-lanceolata, subacuta, sepalis 
subaequalia. Labelluni Htbrrilubum. .' lin. longum, expansum 
9 lin. latum, lobis lateralibus rotundatis, intermedio \. 
acnto ; discus quinque-carinatus, basi cum ■■ 

its apice pins minus donraris. Columna 
brevis, latissima. Mentum breve, obtusum, 2 lin. longum. 

New Guinea. 

Introduced with Dendrobium Johmoniw, F. Muell., by 
Messrs. Hugh Low & Co., and flowered in their nursery in 
•Inly. L898. Flowers light yellow, with several light brown 
nerves in front of the lip. 



•>V>. Dendrobium inaequale, Rol/e ; ad D. euphlebium, Reichb. f. 
accedit, differt floribus majoribus, labello piano trilobo. 

Pseudobulbi tetragoni, 8-11 poll, longi, 3-4 lin. lati, basi graciles, 
apiee diphylii : imernodia numerosa, 5-6 lin. longa. Folia (im- 
matura) oblon-o-lanceolata, acuta. Fh,r,s laterales, eolitarii, 
membranacei ; pedicelli 3 lin. b.nui. basi bracteis oblongis mem- 
branaceis obtecti. S, r <i!n oblon^o-hmo-okita, a.-tua, 1U lin.longa ; 
lateralia in mentum breve obtusum extensa. Petala sepalis sub- 
Bimilia, paullo angustiora. Labelluni latum, trilobum, 6 lin. 
longum, 9 lin. latum ; lobi laterales ovato-oblongi, obtusi ; lobus 
intermedins late triangularis, acutus ; discus lamello oblongo 
erecto instructus. Columna lata, 2 lin. longa. 

Nhw Guinea. 



148 

to D. euphlcbium, Reichb. f., though very different in the shap 
of the lip. The flowers are white, veined on the front of th 
lip with purple, and are apparently very fugacious. They ar 
produced a at alternate nodes on the twi 

ices of the pseudobulbs, a character found ii 
all the ten pseudobulbs on the plant. 



246. Cirrhopetalum appendiculatum, Rolfe ,- inter affines ad 

' '•■•<■ ' /" "-■' /'_,L'ar.et Uek-hb. f. accedit ; differt sepalis lateralibu* 

Rhizmna ivpens. P^ulnbulh! subdisranro*. oblong, subcostati, 
1 poll, longi, 5 lin. lati, monophylli. Fnlh 

conacea, sessiha. "2 poll. l,,n<ra, 1! lin. lata. Sr, f/I ; orueri. 3 p..[|.i,lti. 
nisque mediovagmalan.- l '(>l:nafi.nii : .rii..| l rf,-tusniiillonis: U-aotea 






mata, c-arinata, ."> lin. U<nuii, S'pn/um posticum 
(■•nnraviun, apicr caudato-setiferum, 8 lin. longum, pmpe 

- - '• 



u n.-1-e ad apicem conimta, l<m?j-«.- attcnuato-caudata marginibus 
. hliformia, 2f-3 poll, longa. I' 

inata, 4 lin. longa, prope apicem 
appendicibus foliaceis instructa. LubeUum magnum, carnosum, 
recurvum, ovato-oblongum, obtusum, -lahnim. ! ':, lin. longum, 
basi concavum, marginibus erectis, disco tricarinato. Culumna 
. longa, dentibus brevibus obtusis.— C. ornatUHmun 



> (non Reichb. f.) ; King & 



Hook.f. Fl. Brit. ] .... 

Pantl. in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. Calc. viii. 95, t. 133. 
Ixdia : Sikkim, in warm valleys, Pantling, 197. 
Flowered in the collection of H. J. Elwes, Esq., Colesbourne, 
>ber, 1896. The dorsal sepal and petals are 
i- ■ ; ■'■■■..■. -' ^ ■ - : - . :. . , .-.,... . . .. 

and a few spots near the margin, the petals have a > 

I by numerous purple leaf -like appendages 
> :i filiform base. The lat.-ml s-p..ls ; ,.i-. ~| 
redawhpuri " lig 8 i d. Tin [ n i a ros ' 

8, keels and numerous spots. It is very 
distinct from C. ornatissimum, Reichb. f., with which it has been 



M'ifoHi'j yalidum. Pseudobulbi 

poll, longa, 4-- lin. lata. F^-„ in srapu solita, „ . 



Assam. 



Flowered in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, in . 
1896. The flowers are pale translucent yellowish ^reeii, 
three yellow calli on the disc, tipped with brown. 



248. Catasetum quadridens, Rolfe ; affinis C. cornuto, Lindl., 
sed ab omnibus speciebus generis rostello quadridentato diil'ort. 

PseHdobtiUi oxoidvll},-'* polLlon-i.-J-^plivlli. F»/i„hnu-<>»hni\ 
acuminata, circa C, poll, h>n<ra. 1 }■ poll, lata.' Srn/.ns Hias.-ulinu* 
snboreetus, (i poll, lnn.irus: (lores circa ■! : l.racte.-e l;ni.-t-. .l:i t <»- 
oblongae, acuta:, ,V4 lin. loupe : pedin-lli S-I.U lin. l,,n-i. .V,/„,/,/ 
lanceolato-obionga, acuta, incurva, concava, circa l^-lii' lin 
longa ; latcralia patentia, Prtuhi s.-palis smiiiia. hihrlhun* lin' 
longum. ilfltoidfo-ohlonu-uin. apiciilatuin, lamrihus rHIoxuin. 
spinoso-dcntatum. pp.p«. apicm i„ rristam oMuii-m, >n Ih.J.t ii>:nn* 
tumescens, supra basin umbonatmn. intra medium h-vitor con- 
cavum. Columna clavata, 9 lin. longa, apice rostrata ; rosu-lli 
antoninc -radios, a-qualitor incurva-. approximate, utrinque dente 
l>revi intra antonnam instruct.e. 

Habitat unknown. 

A. plant of this specieB was purchased at the sale of the Hon. 
WalterRothschil.lV colic-rum. and Uowm-d at Krw.i 
1898. The flowers are remarkable for the presence of a pair of 
— +e teeth, sit as igles of the abortive stigma, 

~l pair of antennae. The flowers are light 

•■■■'.. 

249. Ornithocephalus multiflorus, Roffe ; ab omnibus speciebus 
differt pseudobulbis, oriam O. [j.-in'litl,,,-. Liiell.. ,-, 

non •■n-iformibus. 

Phint't il.-n>.- r.-.spirosa. ] >s> ,o1„hii I 'hi ovoidei, basi et apice 
'-. lin. longi. Folia lanceolate 
subacuta, sul . longa, 2-3 lin. lata ]\<i<<,,ti 

--■■■ '■■■'■• 

lata-, acinar, -3-11 ]in. long*. P,,h ", •_> -', | ,.. ,. ,,,,,_ 

Srpnlf, ivlloxa. ovata. siibobtusa. concava! \ lin. hm-a p,t„lr'i 
■•■ ungui.-ulara, U lin. h.n-a : limbus ivniformi- 
orbiculans, mmutissime crenulatus, U lin. latus, Lah.-Ihim 
paudnrato-oblongum, obtusum, supra medium concavum. 2 lin. 
longum : <allu. niacin-. -uK.,, i „ nlan-, apn - mum, 

' ' ■■••• •-■/ i ■■ : - : - !.-i ::..-: - ■ ._...- . 

lineare, incurvum, | lin. longum. 
Brazil. Blaziou, 17789 ; Binot. 



In cultivation at Kow, whore it flowered in June, ll 
a very graceful and floriferous species. The flowers I 
with the exception of the incurved ap-.-v; of the crest, 
bright green. In habit it is lvmarkablv distinct. 



250. Aeranthes caudata, R.,if, .■ affinis A. ,;,•<,„ ////,„■,/>, Lindl., 
differt scapo graciliore, floribus minoribus, sepalis petalisque longe 
caudatis, labelli calcare cylindraceo. 



Folia lineari-oblonga. apice - ■ \<;\, 1\ poll, 

longa, 10 lin. lata, submembranacea. Scapa* gracilis, elongatus, 
10 poll, longus, apice breviter ram roie lanceo- 

latae, acuminata?, 3-4 lin. longse ; peclicelli 7 lin. longi. Sepala 
- '.;>t;t. in ran das ^nvWv- [omrissime extensa, 4. 1 , i>oll. 
longa, basi 1 poll. lata. P<t<iln sepalis similia. sed caudae'duplo 
breviores. Labellum rhomboideo-ellipticum, apice in caudam 
brevem extensum, 2 poll, longum, medio 8 lin. latum ; calcar 
cylindraceuin, obtnsum. incurvum, 41 lin. longum. C»!»mnti 

Madagascar. 

A distinct and remarkable species which flowered at the Royal 
Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, in August last. The sepals and petals 
are pale pellucid green, and the lip greenish white. 



IV.-FUNGI EXOTICI, III. 

Russian Asia. 

ascomycetes. 
Phyllachora Heraclei, Fuckel, Sipnh. Mt/r. (1869) p. 219. 
Turkestan. On Heracleum lanatum, Michx, Alatau Mts., 
Little Kebir river, Kegel 

Hyphomycetes. 
Coniothecium Acanthophylli, Mas.ve. Pulvin i primo epidermide 
"V^ 1 - ,l ' i! m matricem 

',"'- , " nigerrimi, e globoso subhemisphserici, mi 
400/xdiam i_ .„,,/,,, ... _,.', ,,. lj „„ vel nmtua j )resBione 
V ' '" - - - B I D cellulorum non vel 

flavo-brunnea, episporio glabro, 40-60 /* 



China. 

ASCOMYCETES. 

Gnomoniella Coryli, Sacc. SyU. i. (1882) no. 1590. 



_ --""* - "^y-h awx, nyit. 1. {1Q&Z) no. 

- leaves of (\r„h<* 
North Wushan. 



Basidiomycetes. 
Lepiota cepaestipes, Sacc. Syll. v. (1887) p. 43. 
Bombay Presidency. On the ground, Poona, Wnndrmv, 
l hot-houses in England. 



Pleurotus membranaceus, Maw (sp. nor.). Pilem m 
branaceus, dimidiatus, tlabellii'nrmis, marline ut plurin 
lobatus, albus, glaber, 5-7 cm. latus. Lamella' subennlV 
angustae, albte, postice decnrrentes. Sponr ovato-ohlm 
hyaline, 9-10 x 5-6 /a. 

Bombay Presidency. On trunks, Poona, Woodrow, 80. 

Allied to Plea vol as versiformis Berk., which differs in hai 
a short stem and decurrent gills. 

Pholiota indica, Massee (sp. nov.). Pilem carnosus, e con 
campanulato expansus, siccus, squamis concent ricis adn 
ornatus, brunneolus, versus marginem albidus, 3-8 cm. la 
Lamella adnexae, latae, subdistantes, umbrinae. Sporce i 
globosae, umbrinae, 9-10 x 7-8/*. Stipes farctus, aequalis, 
subincrassatus, albus, u^que ad annulum remotum peronatus. 

Bombay Presidency. On the ground, Poona. Woodrow^ 

Allied to Pholiota radicosa, Bull. 

Plammula sapinea, Karsten, Stand. Hattsv. i. (1879) p. 410. 



Bombay Presidency. On the ground, Poona, Wnndvou 

Agaricus Woodrowii, Massee (sp. nov.). Pilem rabglo 

glaber, primitus lsevis, dein centro rimoso-areolatus, ex i 
fuscescens, 3-5 cm. latus ; caro 1 cm. lata, fuscescens. La 
confertae, liberae sed approximate, umbrinae. Spora 1 elli 
glabrae, umbrinae, 8 x 5 ft. Stipes ventricosus. albidufl, da 
fuscescens, glaber, 3- 5 cm. longus ; annulus superus, evanes 
Bombay Presidency. On the ground, Poona, Woodrow 
Edible. Allied to Agaricus silvaiicus, Sehaeff. ; distingn 
from this and all known species by the ventricose stem 
crowded approximate gills. 

. Hattsv. i. (1879) p. 



Psathyra nana, Massee (sp. ,u»:). Pilous e convexo explanatus, 
evis, glaber, siccus, albklus, 1-2 cm. latus. Lamella confertae, 
ngustae, annexae, purpureo-brunnese, acie integrae concolores. 

/""■"' ellipsoickw, la-vt-s, purpuivu-bmimea\ '.> x 7/*. Stipes 3 cm. 



Polystictus Gleadowii, Jfcu 



Stereum nitidulum. />'"/•/. i„ //„„/,-. /.,„„/. ./,,, 



Battarrea laevispora, Ifr/.swr (.^. , /oi \). Peridium gk 

cni'.uTj. ,s/ 7 ;,x undirmt' squiunis pukisve tectum, 



,'s ^ ..;" .'■' [ ' • ■ ' ; '.— '■■■ ■--■' : • -;'■. 

v " j '. '' * ' ''" P«'-"p'Ws cluvataj, septataj. 



Closely allied to Hu, 
having the maivin and n 
sparingly septate hairs : 

Chlorosplenium serugin 



Sporodesmiu 
livaceo-grisea 



Rhinocladium corticolum, Ma.^ee^,,. ,„„•.). .-l<v,vW/orbiculares, 
vel irregulares, 2-3 em. diam., effuso-superfieiales, velutini, nigro- 
olivat-f i. Hi/phu sreviK'< ivi. elites, dense intricato-ramosae, eeptatae, 
nlivac-ea-. 5-7 p crassae, hie inde hyphas fertiles gerentes ; hyphae 



Ceylon. 

ASCOMYCETES. 
Leciographa Brownii, Masaee (ftp- '""'•)• 



•ato-clavati, octospori. 



Straits Settlements. 

Basidiomycetes. 

Leptonia Mcolor, Massee (sp. not;.). Pilem submombranaeeus, 

cutiiriis. umbilieatus, lands, glabcndmus, pallide roseus, 3-5 cm. 
alms. Lmnrlhr e<>iit'tM'ta\ aum-xu', angusta*, albidae, dein incarnatae. 
Sin.ru' oblongge, nodulosse, incarnatse, 10-11 x 7 p. Stipes 
fistulosus, sursum attenuates, glaber, nitens, pileo concolor, 8-1 cm. 
longus, 6-8 mm. crassus. 

Singapore. On the ground, Ridley. 

Most nearly allied to L. fnrotnr, Massee. These Eastern .species 
differ essenl forms in the absence of blue or 

violet colour of the stem. 

Leptonia tricolor, Massee (sp. nor.). Pilem submembranaceus, 



papyraceus, Berk, in Th,oh. Ft. Tasm. ii. s (1860), p. 250, 

Clavaria ornithopoda, Massee (sp. nov.), Catrtis tenuis, 1 cm. 

• .. , . -^ . .-.. . . . .. ^ ._ . s . ,. . .-. __ 

tmti : rami ramulique pallide 
';itii-im«-i i in spiruu vim), linsidni an-uste da vat a, ■ 
: 






Clavaria bicolor. M</ssrr(. v 



*robnstns,brevis,ei»vitcr 



^ 8 „ n , „ cm. xugn ; ainea to u. amethyst hm, Bull. 
Clavaria fragilis, Holmsk. Fungi Dan. i. (170;)) p . 7. 



Boletus Ridleyi, Massee (sp. no 



TuhuJi tlavo-virentes. stipir 



SINGAPORE. On the ground, Garden jungle, Ridley. 

A neat species, characterised by the yellow colour, and short 
spores. Allied to B. chrysenleron, Fries, but differing in the 
glabrous pileus and much shorter spores. 

Favolus ruficeps, Berk, d'; Broome in Journ. Linn. S<><:. (Bot.), 
xiv. (1875), p. 57. 

Singapore. On wood, Ridley. 

ASCOMYCETES. 

Rosellinia echinata, Massee {sp. nov.) Perithecia majnscuta, 
1-1*5 mm. diam., densissime aggregata, globoso-depressa, superne 
convexo-applanata. centro papill ita, aira. fragilia. eehinata. Asci 
cylindracei, apice inmeari. incrassati, octospori. Sj/or"' oblique 
monostichse, fusiformi-naviculares, utrimpie aeutissiuue. opace 
brunneas, l-2-guttulata\ glabne. 90-100 x 12 //. Paeap/iyses 
til i formes, subinde ramosa?, 2'5 ft crassa?. 

SINGAPORE. On roots of a tree of Ficus dubia, Wall., and other 
plants near it. Botanic Gardens, Ridley. 

A very destructive parasite, closely allied to Rosellinia radiei- 
jj'-rd't, Massee. and R. Xrentrij'. Prill., and spreading in a similar 
manner by means of subten m< m >ny<_ 1 um, ami conidial fruit 
The following note accompanied the specimens. " Some months 
ago all the shrubs in a jungly bit of the garden at the foot of a 
large Ficus duhia beiran to .Lie. - long roots 

of the Ficus did the same. At first I thought some weed-killer 
had been «u ^increased, 

every plant I oking as if acid or boir 

had been thrown upon it. All kinds of Dicotyledonous sliruos 
and herbs, rattans, dracaenas, and even some dieifenbachias turned 
black and rotted. At last the thing developed on the lig roots. 
and on the collar and roots of all the trees and shrubs around, 
and appears to be a deadly fungus." 



Queensland. 

ASCOMYCETES. 

Gkeocalyx, Massee (yen. nov.). Aseoutotu subgelatinosa. >■ 
cupulata, extus reti< ila . _! 1 rriina. Lsa cylindracei. 
truncati, octospori. Spoea. 1-seriata?, hyalinae, ellipticie, ase 
Paraiihyses iiliformes. 

Allied to Buiyariella, Sac<\, from which the present 
differs in having hyaline spores. 

Gloeocalyx Bakeri, Massee (sp. nov.). Ascomata sessilia. 
lata, subgelatinosa, glabra, sicco cornea, corrngata, extus retic 
venosa, ubique atra vel disco pallida, 1-2 cm. lata. 



156 

cylindraeei, 320-330 x 17-18 /i. Spores 1-seriatse, cylindi 
continue, curvulae, hyalinaa, 30 x 10 /x. 
On decaying logs Tumbulgum, Baker, 9. 

r-.ii.dly eaespitose : substance thin, much contracted and 1 
when dry. Spores exact] \ sausage-shaped. 

Uredine^e. 
iEcidium Plectroniae, Cooke in G rev i Ilea, x. (1882), p. 121. 
.Mount Co<,k, Endeavour fiver, on leaves of Ph'elnmiu but 



Spheropside^e. 
Phoma sycophila, Massee (sp hoc) Per it hi 
nutnerosissinu. d,uw, n,,^,. t , ,",,„ lla mac _ 

utrmque obtuste, rectie vel curvube. 17-20 x 1-4-5 ». 



fhf^L, UngUS ^ 0rm ! lar - e disc °loured patches, often occupying 

dr^wrj^r ° f a , leal , 1V ' ainent Vhen 

y, level witn the surface of the leaf when the latter is damp. 

Jl S r al0ZZia vermiformis, JW, (sp. nov.). Acervuli epiphylli, 

•'daril.iis ih^.l.Mtes Cornelia 
■ ' ■-■ ■ ' ■ : , : _ ■■ : , ■, 

1hi)T;, '"Yn '' )0K ' Eu,leavour river > on ! ™g leaves of an Eugenia, 

^'v-"!iStin° m P f™ ^ ^ C ° nidia havin ^ foUr median 

. l ''-"■ /• L ':/■■"'. Ilium., lilt. -rs also in having 

concentrically, and the pale patches on 

!oW - aie SeiUL '' 1 Ordered by a broad purplish zone of 



-Msan-iish,..! l, v the f ree , persis 

- m the somewhat rudimentary ring, which i 



a. Approaching the 



Marasmius rugulosus, / 
'On dead sticks, leaves, 


Ac., Rmlway, 93. 


Marasmius proximus, 

Ui»fX xiv. (1875), p. 37. 
On dead Eucalyptus bn 


Berk, et Broome i, 


k rk, Rodway, 130. 


Hydnum udum, Fries, <S 


?ys*. Myc. i. (1821), 


Hydnum pexatum, Mat 

late et irregulariter etl'usi; 

umbilieati. Sporce ellips 
On dead wood, li.xhna 
The fungus assumed a 

with potassium hydrate. 


uli, apice subincisi, 
oideaj, hyalime, 7 x 


Hydnum mucidum, Per 
On dead wood, H<«hvay, 


*., Syn. (1808), p. 56 


Hydnum isidioides, B 
(1845), p. 58. 


erh. in Hook. Lor, 



Tasmania. Rodway. 161. 

The specimen agrees with Berkeley's type ■ 
fungus ; nevertheless its proper | 
the genus Irpex. 

Irpex depauperatus, Massee (sp. not:). Sat 
tenuis, cervinus, ambitu tomentosus, albidus. 



Lasstadia insidiosa, Antsm-e (up. nov.). Perithecia t 

300-350 /i di'am.' .1- [.!.•"(■ i.nt,; 

pori, 150 x 20//.. Sp<>nr di>tich;e. oblungo-ellipticae, 
continual (an semper!-), 21-25 x 6-7 /i. Paraphys 
Rodway, 517. 

Superficiallv resembling La *t>i-i;., d^mt.-lirrt. Sa<v.. ; 
parasitic ...n leaves ,.f lucerne [Unlioujo sativa, Linn.) ; 
in the much larger asci and spores. 



158 

Hypochnus chlorinus, Massee 0>. u<n\). Subiadwn latissime 
t'il! j si 1 1 ii, nminbranaceuin. subsecedens, subtus et ambitu fibril- 
losuni. Hymritixni ehlorinum, densissime granulosum. Basidia 
cl;i \-;tta, apice truncata, 1 1-13 x 5 /*, 1-sterigmata. Sporce globosa3, 
hyalinae, 1 /i diam. 

On wood and bark, Rodway, 149. 

Forming broadly effused yellowish-green granulose or pul- 
vtiuknr patches, much resembling the soredial condition of some 

Lycoperdon tasmanicum, Massee (sp. nov.). Peridium obovatum, 

membranaceum, sordide ochraceum, verrucis pyramidatis demum 

deciduis ornatum, basi fibrillis longis repentibus radicante ; basis 

acta. Gleba dilute brunnea ; capillitii hyphas sub- 

unosae. Sporce globosse olivaceo-brunneae, verruculosae, 

On the -round, Rodway, 566. 

Varying from 3- 6 cm. high, superficially resembling Lycoperdim 
pirijnritv, Fries, but distinguished by the minutely war: 
and the almost colourless capillitium as seen when the spores 

have been blown away. 

Secotium Eodwayi, Massee (sp. nov.). Peridium, 2-3 cm. latum, 
globoso-depressum, tomentosum, ochraceo-albidum, interne pro- 
tl , mil " t'x^"i varum. Sj,„r,r globosae, verrucnlosBe, subhyalinse, 
pl-rumque stipitataj, 7-S ,< diam. Stipe, brevissimus, primitus 
infra f urf uraceus, cavus. 

Subterranean, Rndwuy, 571 with fig. 

Ind. ivr..un.l.arid only exposed when washed out or dug up 
by small marsupials. 

Hymenogaster albidus, Massee et Rodway (sp. nov.). Peridium 
Forme, 1-2 cm. diam., fioccosum. sordide albidum, 
itescens. Gleba brunnea, firma, cellulis tortuosis 
- -basi ipsa sterili vix conspicuis. Sporce ellipsoide®, 
-btusae, longitudinaliter carinat®, flavo-brunneae, 
iL-28 x 11-lh fi, m quoque basidio binse. 
Occurring underground, Rod way, (A'.\. 



*a*8ee(var.nev.). Differt prwcipue peridio 

-iter subgloboso tenuiore/ gleba fuscescente, P sporis 
Underground, Rodway, 657. 

ASCOMYCETES. 

subtus^ninu't; }l VZn'J ; '" , "'" y ^ '"'^ A * Mheda st * silUl 
■ 

. L50 x 10/*, 

o/?„ tU ;; li - ■ • dabra-, L-serh.t:.-, 
' J' ' *> sat numeroae, api 



On partly buried branches, Rod/ray, 663. 

Gregarious tu densely caespitose. Allied to P>:i:a srpiatrn, 
Cooke, differing in the smaller spores and plicate margin of the 
ascophore. 

Helotium prasinum, JIassee (sp. nor.). Aseomatu sparsa aut 
laxe gregaria, -5-1 mm. lata, extras stipiteque brevi frarfuraceo 
mox glabra, pallida, margine integerrima ; discus ehlorinus, eon- 
cavus, dein convexo-planus. Asci eylindraceo-clavan, aphv iodo 
haud tincti, oetospori, 80 x 6 /*. Spune monosticha\ oblom-a-. 
rectaa, hyalinre, 6-7 x 2-2-5 p. Paraphyses biformes, ha- til t- 
formes hyalinae, illae clavatae superne chlorinae. 

On dead wood, Rodtvay, 565. 

The stem is sometimes tinged reddish brown. Allied to Helo- 
tium rhizogenum, Ellis & Everh. 

Pnaeopezia ochracea. Master <>t Rodtray (sp. nov.). Automata 
cupulata, snbstipitata, marginibras undulatis, extus albidi, -lahra, 
*5-l cm. lata; discus pallide ochraceue. Asci cylindracei, oeto- 
spori, 200 x 10/,. S/,»,w- oblique l-seriatae, elliptica?, utrinque 
subacime, glabra?, brunneo tincta?, 15-18 x 6-7 /x. Parajdn/srs 
filiformes, subclavatse. 

On the ground, gregarious or caespitose ; Cascades, Rodim ,,. 1 25, 
650, GoOa. 

Distinguished from all known species by the pale coloured 
ascophore an 1 fusiform spores. 

Cerion, Massee [<j<n. nov.). Asm^hnm erumpenna. c-rata. m.ir- 
ginata, sessilia, hymenio piano lsete colorato. A.SC 
oetospori. Sporce filiformes, hyalime. mulriseptata:'. Pa,-ajd,>/s<-s 
filiformes. 

Growing on dead wood, Rod way. 

Allied to the genus Scin?o.eyio,i. distinguished by the pro- 
minent free entire margin and the brightly coloured disc. The 
spores break up into segments through the septa when mature. 
Entire substance of the fungus waxy. 

Cerion coccineum, Masses <t Rod /ray {sp. nov.). Ascnphora 
immersa, margine suhereeto. ui^ri, tuna. 1 mm. lata, hymenio 
obscure coccineo. Asci cylindracei, 150-160 x 7-8 ,u. oetospori. 
Sporce elavato-filiformes, 130-140 x 2 /*, multiseptatae. Para- 
physes filiformes, subclavata?, apice roseo tinctse. 

On dead wood, Bodway, 654. 

Scattered or crowded. Spores for a long time conti 
tte, finally breaking up at the septa into c 
8-10 p long. 

Fenn. i. (1871), p. 244. 



Karschia Atherospermse, Masse ,t Rodiray (s r . „ov.). Ase<>- 
. '> 
xtn. Asci clavati, oetospori, iodo haud tincti, 50-60 x 12-14 p. 



On dead twigs and leaves of Athn-nspemm i,iuschatu>n,\j&h\\\., 
Hoi, art. lh»hnt\j, G28. 

Allied to K. buellioides, Sacc. 

Asterina Systema-solare, Maw (ftp. nov.). Po-ithecia gregaria, 
mycelio maculiformi atro insidentia, sphs ro 

DO-100 fi lata. Asri cylindraivo-elavari, brevity p.-dicellari, 
octospori, :)«)-;")") x 1:2 /x. ,S>>/v/- disricha-, obovatae, uniseptatae, 
fuscidulaa, loculo superiore majore, obtusatae, 9-10 x 5 /*. 

On the upper surface of leaves of Banksia ,,i<i n/i 'n<i,la. Caw, 
Rodway, 540. 

Patches of mycelium irregularly scattered, 1-2 mm. across. 
I'urixlifllu Ii'in/,-xi<t' is present on the under surface of the same 
leaves (Kew Cull. IV.'. 1 si), and bears a superficial resemblance 
to the present species, but differs in having globose poridiocia, 
which are densely crowded in irregular patches *5-l cm. diameter. 

USTILAGINE.E. 

Ustilago microspora, Massrr et Rod way (sp. not'.). Sun pani- 
culas rota- implfCti-ntt's, t-as.nio in niassaiu pulw.-raceam trans- 
tonnaiitrs, obsi-iuv fulvi. S r .,•</■ -lobose, 3-3*5 //• diam., vel sub- 
globo.se, :j-i x 2--2-.J //. diam., glabra.-, dilute olivaceae. 

Attacking the inflorescence of I > ■■■/. F. Muell, 

Rodway. 

The entire inflorescence of the host is destroyed. The species 
is remarkable for the minute smooth spores. 

PHYCOMYCBTES. 



MELAXCONIE.E. 

lanconium Eucalypti, Mii*w> d Rod way {sp. nov.). Acer- 
d'--;n*i*«im. gr. _ luidcnie alba laciniata 

i--'"'» M -l |)0 _^-diam. Conidia oblouga, apice subacuta. t'uliginea, 

fl ' uit " f /-'"' /'".'// /■- </l> !,a/u*, LabilL, Rodway, 666. 
forms large wh :, s i ,, W 'i u die conidia are 

ire and ready for dispersion the epidermis is ruptured in a 
ite manner, and through the cavity formed the conidia ooze 



New Caledonia. 

MELANCONIE.E. 

Diplodia Oohiosim,Massee (sp.niw.). P&nth 



West Tropical Africa. 

Basidiomycetes. 

Collybia olivacea, Maw*' ts /K nor.). Pi frits tenuis, e convexo 

pplanatus, la-vis, iilaber, siccus obscure olivaceus, marginem 

ersus pallidior, 4 cm. latus. Lunirlh, conferta-. an-usta>. posriee 

Lepiota Johnsonii, Massrr \sj,. nor.). Pifrits subcarnosus, o 



162 

glaber, striatus, 4-5 cm. latus. Lamella) lata-, subconfertae, 
albidae, postice abrupte attenuate. Sponv elliptic*, 9-10 x 6 fi. 
s ris, 3-8 mm. longus crassusque. 

Old Calabar. On dead wood, Holland, 6. 

texture, pileus translucent, 



Marasmius spaniophyllus, Bn-Jc. in Hook. Lunri. J<mr 
(1843), p. 631. 

Gold Coast. On a dead branch, Akim Forest, ne 
Johnson, 35. 



Flammula sapinea, Karstm, sl,a„ 1. Witts. I. (1879), p. 410. 
Gold Coast. On decayed wood, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, 

Psilocybe citrina, Massee (sp. nor.). Pileus primo subglobosus, 
margine stipite contiguo subinvolutus, dein campanulato-expansus, 
submembranaceus, lams, glaber, laete citrinus, 3 cm. latus. 

/ '"' / l " ' '"■'■ ■ '•nu;ir<,-annex8e, late, purpureo-brunneaj 

Spora oblique ovoidese, glabra?, purpureo-brunneaa, 7 x 4 «. 
Stipe* teres, lams, glaber, pileo concolor, 4 cm. longus, 3 mm. 



, Aburi, 'Johnson, 



Panus conchatus, Fries, Epicr. (1836), p. 398. 

Jotnsm 14° AST ' ° n ^ W °° d ' B ° tani ° Gardens > Aburi > 

Panus torulosus, Fries, Epicr. (1836), p. 397. 

T^!?w D r C0 . AST - A? U - th r e / round ' attached to Varied ™od, 
Botanic Gardens, Aburi, Johnson, 21. 

formif re^S' ***"<&• ™>± &!"" orbicularis, conchi- 
nismdnr ? P ^ US ' ™ e f brana ^Morsi centro affixus, brunneus, 

mcrasBdtae. 6pwm ellipsoidal, subhyalinte, 
)n dead twigs, Afcim Forest, near Aburi, 



Lenzites applanata, Fries, E P 
Gold Coast. On dead w 

Johnson, 49. 



163 

Lentinus flavidus, Ma.«> > ^y/, //or.), Pilous cyathoideus, mem- 
branaceo-coriaceus, 5-8 cm. diam.. albido-flavescens, glaber, 
margine incurvus, striatulus. Lamella- aiiLiust.e. cnnl'ertav 
attenuato-decurrentes, acie integrae. Sporw ellipticae, 10 x 4/i 
.SY/>'n rectus, densissime velutinodiispidulus, brunneus, 2 cm, 
longus, 1 cm. crassus, e sclerotio subgloboso 4-5 cm. diam.. oxtm 

OLD CALABAR. Among decaying vegetable matter, Holland, 5 
Separated from all known species by the yellowish -white pileus, 
lark hispid stem and chestnut-coloured sclerotium. 



Lentinus blepharodes, Berk, et Cia 
. (1869), p. 301. 

Gold Coast. On dead wood, 
ohruon, 15. 


•t.'mJourn.Linn.Soc 
Akim Forest, near 


Aburl, 


Lycoperdoi 
Old Cal. 


i excipuliforme, 17 
*.BAR. On naked ( 


tt., M< 


>n»g, Lycoj 

1. Holland. 


>■ (1842),i 
,11. 


k 193. 


Polyporus 


Hollandii, Massee (*/?. nov.). Pilet 

is. 10— 12 cm. longus, superne bevi 
itrinus. IIu,h,-»inm e tubulis alb 


W ungulato-dimid- 
decurrens, effusus, 

is brevissimis, ore 



minuto rotundo dense stipatis compositum. TV/ro crassa, com- 
pact <>-elastica, alba. 

Old Calabar. On a trunk, Holland, 21 . 

Allied to P. /W/////ii/.s, Fries; differing in the bright lemon- 
yellow pileus, and m.- • i : It-current attach- 
ment to the matrix. 

Polyporus lucidus, Fri 
Gold Coast. On 
Johnson, 19, 22. 

Myc. i. (1821), p. 342. 
Myc i. (1851), p. 61. 



Polystictus nigripes, Massee (sp. nov.). Films 

diformis, carnoso-memlmmac.-us, lentus. Levis, irlaber. 
pallide ochraceus, margine membranaceo integro undulatus. 
Tubuli minuti, pileo pallidiores, ore rotundato-angulato, circa 
2< '!' t t diam. Sf,nra> ellipsoideae, hyalinae, 7 x 4 /j. Stipes erectus, 
aequalis, 1-5 cm. longus, 2-5 mm. crassus, cute Crustacea atra. 

GOLD Coast. On dead wood, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, 
Johnson, 23. 

Allied to P. xanthopvs, Fries. 

Polystictus tabacinus, Sacc., Syll. vi. (1888), p. 280. 

Gold Coast On dead wood, Akim Forest, near A 
Johnson, 11, 



Polystictus rigidus, Sacc, St,//, vi. (1888), p. 271. 
Gold Coast. On dead wood, Akim Forest, 
J,./uis„», 17, 44. 



Polystictus xanthopus, Fri** in \<,c. Art. Sor. Sri. Uimt.1. i. 
(1851), p. 74. 

Gold Coast and Old Calabar. On branches, Akim Forest, 
near Aburi, Johnson, 27. Old Calabar, Holland, 19. 

Polystictus versicolor, Fries, Si/st. Mye. i. (1821), p. 368. 

Johnson, 43. 

Polystictus sanguineus, Fries in Xor. Art. Soc. Sri. Fpsal. i. 



)tanic Gardens Abu 
. Sr, lw l. (1849), p. 325. 



Polystictus Persoonii, I 



Stereum hirsutum, Fries, Epicr. (1836), p. 549. 

<.<>i.n (/oast. On dead wood, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, 

Lachnocladium cartilagineum, Berk <(■ Curl in T,m.m T inn 
Soc.(Bot.)x. (l.sr,9), P . 330. ' ' ■"'■'"""• 

Gold Coast. On dead wood, Botanic Gardens Aburi 
Johnson, 38. ' AUUI1 > 

Cyphella lilacina, Master (sp. m»r.). PUrus subsessilis 






m 

GOLD Coast. On a dead herbaceous stem. 

Lhui-i. JiJtnXuH, :»7. 

Densely gregarious : extremely pilose, the hi 
,-iih a deposit of lime, giving to the surface 
illied to C. allM-vwlascens, Weinm. 

Pistillaria Johnsonii, Maesee (ep. nor.). Sporon 



Hirneola auriformis, Frm, h 






gratistima, Gtert, Holland, 3. 


r bark of Avocado p 


ear, Persea 


Tremella fuciformis, Berk. 
(1856), p. 277. 

Gardens, Aburi, Johnson, 7. ( 


in Hook Kew Journ 
)ld Calabar, Holland, 13. 


„, Bo^io 


Xylaria Chamissonis, Sacc^ & 
Gold Coast. On dead \ 


.'////. i. (1882), p. 345. 
rood, Akim Forest, n 


ear Abnri. 


Xylaria scopiformis, Mont. 


in Ann. Set. Nat. x 


iii. (1840), 


./„A».Z,S iST ' 0|1 tmi 


wood, Botanic Garde 


ns, Abnri, 


Xylaria rhopaloides, Mont, i 
Gold Coast. On dead 


wo*T ZJkT^l 


855), p. 99. 

ns, Aburi, 


Xylaria tabacina, Berk, h 


1 Hook. J num. Bot. 


vi. (1854), 


Gold Coast. On dead w< 


>od, Botanic Gardens, 


Aburi, and 


Hypoxylon annulatum, Mont. 


Syll. Crypt. (1856), p. 2 




Gold Coast. On dead bark 
81. 


:, Botanic Gardens. Abui 


i, Johnson, 


Haplosporella violacea, Mass 


tee (sp. nov.). Peritheci 


a globosa, 



Gold Coast. On dead bark, Botanic Gard« 

Stroma black, bursting through the bark, 2 
tinguished from allied sp3cies by the viole 
H, c/dorostroma, Speg, 



Diatrype caminata, KaJrhbr. A- <\„h> ; lt (ir,>rilh>a, ix. (ISKo), 
p. 28. 

Gold Coast. On a decorticated branch, Botanic Gardens, 
Johnson, 76. 

Auerswaldia maxima, Masses (sp. nov.). Stromata disciformia, 
erumpentia, rotundata seu irrogularia, atra, opaca, mui 
1-2 cm. lata. LocuU dense congest!, immersi. Asci, cylindracei, 
octospori, 120 x 10 p. S/ior>r inonostielne, ellipsoideas, continual, 
brunne;e, opacse, 12 x 6-7 /u. 

Gold COAST. On dead branches, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, 
Johnson, 58. 

Allied to .4. (lisri/nrmis. Winter: differing in the broadly 
effused stroma and smaller spores. 

Nectria verrucosa, Masses (sp. nov.). Peritherin in pulv 

cosa, ostiolo papillato. Asci 



Gold Coast. On dead bark, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, John 



Sphaerostilbe cinnabarina, TuL, Set. Fung. Carp. iii. (1865), 



_ Hysterium vermiforme, Massee (sp. nor.). Perithelia super- 
ficialia, gregaria, atra, carbonacea, lineari-elongata seu ver; 
utrinque acutiuscula, medio rima longitudinal! percursa, 2-4 mm. 
longa, 0-5 mm. lata, transverse striamla. As,-; cvlindracei apice 
truncato-rotundati, octospori. Sporce 1-seriatse, cylindraceu-<dlip- 
soiaeae, utrinque obtus . brunneae, 

35-40 x 12-14 fi. Paraphyses filiformes. 

Gold Coast. On dead branches still covered with bark, 
Botanic Gardens, Aburi, Johnson, fit*. 

A very fine species, allied to H. mmorpkum, Sacc. 

Schizothyrium melanoplacum, Sacc, Si/ll. ii. (1883), p. 726. 
i ^old COAST. On living leaves of ./„*/ /,,■„• Jlava. Yahl, Aburi, 



* 



Lbstantia subparer 



the disc gradually develops. Somewhat elastic when moist, con- 
n'aetinirand invirularh wrinkled when dry. Readily distinguished 
from all known species by the very large spores 'ami the small 



Trichoscypha Hindsii, 



Helminthosporium Coffeae, 



Allied to H.paruguayn,*, 


', Speg. 






Dendryphium effusum, Ma 

mnoso-effusa?, olivaeeo-atra 


npmdu. ' .. 


- 


"A/- amphigei 



, ll-l'J-septata, 150-200 ; 
Gold Coast. On dead branches, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, 



Stilbum albipes, 
expan 



Gold Coast. On bark, Botanic Gardens 
►5, 67. 
Allied to S. connatum, Kalchbr. and Cooke. 



den 



---'!'. . 



;es hypha: 
>meniosa ; ^ ramuiis sub\ ertieillato-ramulosis. 
harum apicibus denticulatis acrogena, elliptica. 

On dead wood, Botanic Gardens, Aburi, Johnson 



Allied to /. nyraUoidm, Kalchbr. & Cooke 
9m 



Pusarium heterosporum, Nees in Nat. Act. Cur. ix. (1818), 
p. 213, tab. v. fig. 5. 

Gold COAST. On guinea grain, Pennisetum typhoideiim, 
Rich., Krobo Plain, Johnson, 42. 

A well known destructive parasite of cereals in Europe and 



Phyllachora Gramii 

Natal. On fadii 

Umpumuto Hills, 2,0 



Uromyces Bolusii, Ma*** (.<p. om\). Acervuli epiphylli, innato- 
prominuli, compacti, bru . -;epe ob confluentiam 

lineares, diu epidermide albicanti tecti. Teleutosporw ellipticte, 
episporio laevissimo sorenu irassato et in mucronem 

papilla3formem producto, 29-35 x 24-26 p, pallide brunneae, 
stipite longissimo (125-160 x 7-8 p), hyalino suffultaj. 

Cape Colony. On living leaves of Axpahithu* pwhilobn, 
Benth., Montagu Bath, Bolus, 7597. 

Allied to U.junei, Tul. ; differing in the larger spores and much 
longer pedicel. 

Puecinia pallida, Massee («p. nov.). Macula amphigenae deter- 
minate pallescentes. Acer rut i hypophylli, eentro macularum 

insi.l.-tir.'s. t;-ld- ;i --r--,n, ^imp-nres. intense fusco-ferruginei. 
TrlriitnsfHu-it ;ini, r ns;r In! >ct ■< il;iru>, lsevissimas, apice incrassatse, 
stramineae, 50 x 15-16 p. Stipes crassiusculus, basi sui 
hyalinus. 

Na 
I 'ass, Drakensberg, Wood, 5701. 

The teleutospores are straw-colour and readily separate into 
two portions along the median - .... Cooke, 

ai species is allied. 



Argentina. 

Hyphomycktes. 

Heterosporium Calandriniae, Master (,-,,. nor.). AcerruU effusi, 

ampnigem, maeulas puhrinataa -olivascentea 

n ™.ntea, Hyphce repentes, mtricato-ramosaa, laxe remoteque 



septatae, sursum suberec 



169 

elon^ato-elliptica. utrimpie roumdaia apiee sa-pe papillata, epis- 
porio asperulata, 1-3-septata, dilute olivacea, 15-25 x 7-10 fi. 

Andes of Mendoza. On the inflorescence of Calandrinia 
potent illoides, C. Gay, Puente del Inca, 9170 ft., fame, 13. 

Allied to Hcterosporium Atnmxi; Harkness. differing more 
especially in the paler colour and finer granulation of the 



V -MISCELLANEOUS NOTES. 

Retirement of Curator- It will be a matter of genuine regret to 
all acquainted with Kew that Mr. (ieor^e Nicholson, F.L.S., was 
compelled by impaired health to retire on July 31 from the post 
of Curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens. Mr. Nicholson entered 
the Curator's office on February 15. 1X73. after a public competi- 
tion. In 1886, on the retirement of the preceding Curator, the 
late Mr. John Smith, Mr. Nicholson was appointed by the Treasury 
to succeed him. 

Mr. Nicholson's services to Kew are well known. To him in 
-reat measure is due the present efficient condition of the Arbo- 
retum. The Hand list of Tree* and Shrubs ynun, in A rborrtum 
was prepared by him, and is universally accepted as a standard 
snenclature. Kew still hopes to retain the 
benefit of Mr. Nicholson's botanical experience now that he has 
been relieved from the pressure of administrative duties. 



New Curator— The First Commissioner has filled the vacancy 
created by M i ent of the 

Assistant ('a \V..h.,ii. ' This officer emo-ed tin- 

service of Kew in 1879 as Foreman. In 1886 he was raised to the 
position of Assistant Curator, in charge of the indoor cultivation : 
this, as ( 'urator. he will still retain. Mr. W. J. Bean, the Assistant 
Curator in charge of the Arboretum, will now take the general 
charge of the grounds and of the ligneous collections. 



Hon. David Carnegie.— This gentleman, to whom Kew is indebted 
for a email collection of dried plants, gathered on his exploring 
expedition across the unknown desert of North-w. -• An-^tra ia in 
ppointed Assistant Resident of the Middle Niger in 
1899. He there soon made a reputation as a leader and organiser, 
and gained the respect and devotion of the natives. Unfortunately 
this promising life was cut short in an encounter with a refractory 
tribe. He was leading a small party when he was struck by a 
poisoned arrow in the thigh, and died 15 minutes later, on 
November 27, 1900. His behaviour in this affair so inspired his 
followers with courage that they secured ids body and fought 
their way back through a most difficult country. Mr. Carnegie 
was the youngest son of the Ear! ol Somln-sk, and was born in 



getable prodi 

client acooui 



Dr. Peter Cormack Sutherland.- 



first scientific mission : this was to the West Coast of Africa, to 
report upon guano, at that tin,.' romin- int., use as a manure. 
Af towards, between 1845 and 1847, he made two voyages to the 
Arctic regions, an! then settled down to practice as a medical 
man in Tyrie, V \\ Pitsiiiro, and Aberdeen until 1 > .10, when he 
joined Captain Penny's xpeditmt in seat h of Sir John Franklin. 
During this voyage hen I 1 ens, which 

he sent to Sir William Hooker in 1-v.l. md ihu- comim-m-ed 
his correspondence with Kew. In 1852 he again went to the 
Aretic regions, under Captain Inirleliekl, on a fresh expedition in 
search for Sir John Franklin. This voyti-v ;■ 

to Kt w some s« < Is and living j l ;i nt, fro'm X. la . tV.i .audi ollertions 

of dried plants from higher latitude- : besides which he also made 

geological and zoological collections. At this period he had a 

Mtnent service, but as his age prohibited this, 

- •■ .-:■ ■•:.-■■..■:■ ■' .■ ■ . . -..-•• ;,.,_.... - 

merits were soon recognised, for after a few months' residence he 

■ I ( iovernment Geologist to the Colony of Natal. 1 n 

!*•>•> he was promoted to the post of Surveyor-* .enend, which he 

1»7. when he retired upon a well-earned pension. 

r of responsible public 

positions, and was _. ; s a member of the 

Eon. C.J. Rhodes was placed b\ 

1>i1. in the charge of Dr. Sutherland, with whom 






iciety. For many years he corresponded 
ited a very large number of dried and 
Pondoland, and the Transvaal. Among 



Captain M. S. Wellby. 
war is this comparative 
Though best known as 



Kew. A preliminary list, furnished l»v Kew. was published in 
Wellby's Thrr„„,h I',>hnn,rn Tih>i. ami a more complete elabora- 
tion of the collection will appear in Mr. W. I'.. JLemsley's shortly 

nr paper on the flora of Tibet, in tin- Journal ,,(' tin- 
Linnmn -W/r///. In 1S07 Captain Wellby served with distinction 
in some military operations on the north-west frontier of India. 
In 1.N0S-0 he made an expedition through Abyssinia to Lake 
Kndolf, and formed a collection of dried plants, which he 
presented to Kew. This collection has no; yet been 
Shortly after his return fron Abyssii . , i , was ordered to join 

;:t in South Africa. He passed through the whole siege 

of Ladysmith, and was subsequently- attache, I to (b-neral Sir 

in tie- Transvaal. < >n -htlv :'>(>th, 1000, he 



extracted from the 
i able to add that Capt 
lardeberg, is at lengtl 



where it was ' -. Lugard, from whom 

Kevs received i bull it 1 '1 n s[ . if .s It-, flowers in 

new species most nearly allied to B. >i>h<^t,riann. The K^w 
plant has a si its leaves are about five feet long, 

and it bore a panicle eight feet high of green-yellow flowers. 
It is growing in dm Mexican House at Kew, and flowered in 
June, 1000. CalantJv niar/m/„.«ruri<n.<;* is closely allied to 
C. rrnitrif»h„. ti-ur. d : plate 2*J15, but differs in size, in the 
undulate leaves, and in the much broader sepals and petals. The 
flowers usual h ha\ ^hit. sepals md \ til-. londed with pink, 



in 

and a rose-purple lip ; sometimes, however, the sepals and petals 
are pure white and the lip yellow. A specimen of this species 
was presented to Kew by Mr. Warpur, a Belgian collector. 
Nymphcea Jiavo-virens resembles the Mexican A". yr«--i/is. ami is 
probably a native of the same country. Its flowers are white 
. n-yellow stamens. The Kew plant was obtained fr.ua 
Mr. W. N. Pike, of the Floral Park, New York. 



Botanical Magazine for July. —Rhododendron ciliicalyx is one of 

the numerous plants discovered in china by the' late Abbe 

Delavay, who sent seeds to the Jardin dee Plantes, Paris, whence 

a plan: was received M Kew in 1892. It has large flowers, white, 

<>r white suffused with rose, and resembles very closely the Indian 

/,'. /'nn/iosum, differing in its robustness, larger flowers, and in 

having long cilia on the lobes of the calyx. Chelonopsis moschata 

is a handsome Labiate from Japan and China. The genus 

consists of only two species, and is allied to tin- North American 

' I -'/■ '•-. The speeiimMi drawn was raised from 

see Is sent to Kew by A. K. Pulley, Esq., of West Kirby. fris 

n.ry.-unth'i is a new species belonging to the section Pot/oiiiris, 

sacterised by having narrow leaves, a long peduncle 

-le cluster of large pale yellow flowers, large spath.- 

I i Bhort perianth-tube. A specimen was sent to Kew 

by Mr. R. I. Lynch, of tie- Cambridge !;,. !a nie (harden. Its native 

country is not definitely known, but it is probably Persia. The 

ryanoii* hirsuta has edible tuberous roots. called 

the natives. Some tubers were presented to Kew by 

A. B. Wylde, Esq., the Abyssinian traveller. Impat;>;,.< 

:va and is 

closely allied to /. E>h,. . r„rlh (1 . T |,.. KrW plants were raisefl 

from se.Ms received front .1. K. Duthie. Es.j., Director of the 

Botanical Depart!;, ,;r ,,f X.,nh. n India. 



Botanical Magazine for August,-//////. oplwlhim qranditinrun, 
was discovered in New Guinea nearl • „v, -,,„ ir . ■■- ot , centum 
ago but it is of comparatively recen cultivation, 

a plant having flowered for the first time in Sir Trevor Lawrence's 
collection in 1895. Allied to B. Cominni, from the Solomon 
arger flower, the curious 
Sarracenias ; 



of the mountains of Yunnan, 



Islands, it differs : 

colour of which rec 

its sepals are very large, contrasting" remarkable with the 

• P ilou i> K<W pIaut w:,> l"'^liased from Mes: 

in 1898. Pceoma lutea is a native of the mount*. 

where it was discovered by the late Abbe Delavay. 

worthy characters are a woody stem, in which it 

Chinese P. M&utan, 

-• 

on m M P o erat ^ H , 0U8e ln J " • ] ' " " • " ''^ ^ 

.>,UUOto upwards of 9,000 feet. It is a h , 



white woolly stems and leaves, 






as received from W. E. 
_ _ . St i 'db ila n thes aoss t 
from the Nilghiri Hills, was raised frc 
Mr. Jamieson, of Ootacamund, in 1887, and flowered in the 
Mexican division of the Temperate House in 1900. The fine 
Gladiolus sulphurous is ;i native of the Transvaal, and was 
obtained by Kew from Mr. Mas UichtUn, of Baden. 



Flora capensis — The first part of the fifth volume of this work, 
edited by the Director, has been published. It contains the 

<>i (he Ann.f/ntrrf, bv Mr. ('. B. Clarke, F.R.S., that of 
the M !M >»rinn, and Sebujinru- l,v Mr. R. A. Rolfe, A.L.S., and 
of the Vrrhsnu.r,, bv Mr. 11. II. YV. Pearson, F.L.S. 



Flora of Tropical Africa.— Parts 1. k 11. of the eighth volume of 
his work have been published. They contain the monocotyle- 
onous orders from Pontederiawce to the first instalment of 



Flora of the Presidency of Bombay— The first part of this work, 

xtending to the end of Rut,urw, has been published. It has 

prepared at Kew, under the authority of the Secretary of 

> for India in Council, by Dr. Theodore Cooke, C.I.E., F.L.K., 



Caa-ehe or azuca-caa.— Early in the present year Mr. Cecil 
Gosling, H.B.M. Consul at Asuncion, Paraguay, sent to Kew a 
fragmentary specimen of a composite plant with the following 
information : — 

1 beg to enclose herewith some leaves of a plant which has 

lately been discovered in Paraguay by Dr. Bertoni, an Italian 

botanist, and Director of the Agricultural College here. This 

plant, which has probably been known to the Indians since a 

hundred years or more and whose secret has as usual been so 

guarded by them, grows in the Highlands of Amambai 

and near the source of the River Monday, not being, it is said. 

found further south than this. It is a modest shrub growing side 

by side with the weeds and luxuriant grasses of that die 

only attains a height of a few inches. The leaves are small and 

the flowers a ins call it Cad-ehe, 

-•.\vet herb. b;cause of its sweetness, a few leaves being 

of r - or coffee, giving also a 

pleasant aromatic flavour. Its discoverer does not, however, believe 

that the Cad-ehe bears any relation to the saccharine properties of 



sugar, and he has named it after Professor Ovidio Rebaudi, of 

Asuncion, ti>ip</forii/>ii r<>h<t> r/i'i/t /////. the botanical description 
being as follows :— 

"Capituln eoryinbulosa parvula. 1-i-tiora, corvmbulis laxe 
paniculatis. Inv- .lucrum cyliudra.-eo-oblon-um, bracr-is biseriatis 
suba^uaiil.us. !:>■. •,■;.!;!. mi ;i m planum. Corollae anguste panicu- 
late tubo breviter quinquilobo. Styli rami snperne parum 
incrassati. Pappi seta? breviter barbellata?. Achsenia glabra. 

Herba annua erecta, caule gracile piloso simplice vel parum 
ramoso, long. (\2H-t>,li> m. Folia opposita inconspicua pilosula 
scabra subdentata oblonga, apice obtusa, basi cuneiformia vel 
attenuate, petiolo brevi. Corymbuloram pe 
-'" ■■ I ' - bract is braeteolisque elongato-linearibus. Flores 
>'il.al I | m Habita praris siccis q lorn is tit i- tpt 1 intur, 



Humim-m Mm 



plant Dr. Bertoni remarks, I think 
tent we are indebted to those close 
ins. from whom we have learnt the 
rani, manioc, potatos, cotton, quinine, 
la. Truly a long list of benefits to 
it Dr. Bertoni has lately discovered 
.nd similar in taste and colour to a 
i such by the Indians. 
sent a copy of the Revista de Agro- 
where the description reproduced 
is no doubt that the plant posse ses 
stimulating the sensation of sweet- 
a leaf causes a persistent sweetness 
succeeded in identifying the frag- 
the Kew Herbarium ; but from the 



Castilloa markhamiana -As pointed out in Hookers Tronest 
■ b. t the texj relating to r. 

. this name has been applied to two very different 

i in the most recent 

■ 



?ry closely 



ft, p. ^3, and of cultivators, is not distinguishable 
* y erY -> to\\ln. be description 

Sw^.E^™' fr ° m Costa Kica ' 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 
BULLETIN 

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



Nos. 178-180.] OCTOBER-DECEMBER. 



I.-GROUND-NUT, OR PEA-NUT. 
(Arachis hypogwa Linn/) 



plant unknown in the wild state. There 
ecorded of its early history. How it came 
now be traced. That America gave the 
tbt, and it is clear that in the sixteenth 

ision is now over the whole of the tropics, 
the temperate regions suited to the vine. 

dy oily st*. -ils si-i-ve as a food, and during' 



A trie 


his hn/,»,j.i; 


/ is a 


IS ,1Mb 


towledge tc 


i be >•■ 


race 1m, 




.1 ,1...: 




■ Africa ami 
i area of its 


,-\ V n.,' 




o a large part of 


Wlier,.\ 


-er grown d 




the last 


60 years it 


lias 


Manj 


' small cont 


rover 



.an- 1 niai.y 
among the 



The genus Arachis is a peculiar 


one of the large order Lrtjumi- 


nos(P, in which it belongs to the si 


ib-order P(ti>ilinnacv,r. All the 




lhabit Tropical South America, 


: — the largest niemher 




worked up by the cult nan on oi 


centuries in the home of the 




indeed, a field of it forcibly 


suggests a luxuriant crop of clo 




height of 1 to 2 feet, or at times . 




lie more or less prostrate on the 




United States to plant the rows 


2}, to 3 feet apart, when the 


branches ultim it. l\ u <■> ;in_ hav. 


a length of nearly 2 feet. 


The leaf of Arwhi* has foot- 


leaflets placed in pairs, each 




vinulus) to the common leaf- 


stalk : like clover leaih-t- thev . 


jxhibit sleep movements, each 


kg together at nightfall s 


md remaining thus until dawn. 



The flowers, which are pea-like and bright orange-yellow, are pro- 
duced one at a time from large buds at the bases of the leaves. 
Their duration is but short, for they wither for the most part on 
tiic day of their production. 

Outside the orange-yellow petals is the yellow-green calyx, 
rather irregularly divided into the five sepals, and below it the 



P< "I mi '•!<-, and the ovary lies within the calyx-tube protected by the 

bra.-ts in the 1,-af-axil. It is only after the fertilisation of the 

ippears. 

Not all the flowers fruit ; many never advance beyond the 

- stage, and have been thought to be male flowers. 

After fertilisation, as the first preparation towards fruir- 

the petals and sepals shrivel, while the calyx-tube is cut off by a 

ring at the very base. At this time the true peduncle begins to 

grow, and turns downwards towards the earth, carrying the 

remains of calyx and corolla as a cap and ippendage over the 

small ovary. Not until the earth is reached does the swelling of 

the fruit commence ; then the can just mentioned falls off, the 

u is left by the separation of the style at irs has.- become 

'-xp^-d. tn 1 rh.. vouiil; po I, u first ;,,,-,. ; r the end, commences 

+o penetrate the soil. At 1 to 3 inches below the surface, rarely 

se of a few weeks into the familiar 



deeper, it ripens i 






four to five occur c~~, ., 

'I..U/,' (/V W /,, ;„,h,«trh'llr.<, n. p. 135) is 
found m Costa Rica. 

Any flower whose ovary fails to reach the ground fails likewise 
to produce fruit. Correa de Mello (Journ. Linn. Soc. xi., p •_>;• I 
records an experiment in which he prevented the t,- 
from penetrating the earth by interposing an object ; in the 
attempt to round the obstacle the peduncle grew to 4 or 5 inches 
t ong, but failed, and the immature ovary died without enlarg- 
ing. *ruin> . • of the 
young pod. It is obvious that the flowers of the upper part of the 
y mtageous position, for they can less readily 
poda, nor do many of them appear to make the attempt. 
Zf U a t t rV w C r 6S th t Plant8 ma >' be raised from the ground 
and stacked to dry in the fields, the nuts hanging on to their 
nnlnir° T? ?" ^ ! th f n ^ be Seen on ^root-fibres little 
d rootlets, altered in internal 
^'. Hn -the plant. Such tubercles are 
aWHn* f p e V u ™nosce, and by possessing the eao 
tree atmospheric nitrogen enable the plant • 

StT ry Th°° d m " 7*1 T l ° pen t0 ° ther orders of th * hi * her 
V nL k y Bguresof Arm-his. 

■ 1>« X: r!,.,- .1/./-///S lacks these tubercles; such is 
™J«wl tT* 7T£ observ T hav e mentioned their existence, 
notably Lecompte (Cornptes Rendus Acad. Paris, 11'.), p 

S e !^T fromman 7 parteof the v " !;i — ' ! 

somesoiktbr- 88 £ em " ■ That they are formecl lesa readily in 
Acad. I n, iS , 117, p. 2'M), and may well be the case. 



Races in Cultivation. 

The many different forms of 
admit of a rough classification ii 
varieties. In the one the stems are erect, in the other prostrate, 
hut ascending at the tips. 

Botanists have seized on this difference as a means of classifying 
the forms, and have applied the names — inappropriate to an 
Amt-rican plant— of africana and indica. The former name 
embraces the running, the latter the bunched forms.* 

Typical anion if running forms is that commonly grown in 
Virginia ; its spreading branches may have a length of two feet, 
or even more, and pods are borne on them almost to the tip. The 
" Spanish " pea-nut " is an extreme of the other type, with several 
erect stems and the pods crowded at the base — a condition imposed 
on the plant by the impossibility of thrusting nuts from upper 
flowers into the soil. 

Between these two extremes fall the many forms dispersed over 
the world ; we posses- but little information leading to a determi- 
nation of their relative merits. 

Upwards of three quarters of the nuts grown in the United 
States are sold in the streets for eating. Those most in demand 
account of the relatively small percentage 
i they contain. Virginia produces two forms ; one, as 
described, " running," the other "bunched." The pods of both 
kinds are large and white. 

Tennessee grows two forms—" white " and " red," so-called 
from the colour of the seed-coats. The former is a running variety 
eloseh n se ii i n_ tin \ ir-inian form ; the latter, with seeds less 
agreeable to the taste, is more or less erect in habit, and favoured 
as a forage crop. 

North Carolina grows a form resembling the African plant in 
habit, with heavier and smaller pods than those of Virginia ; and 
Georgia produces a red-seeded form, bunched, and with three or 
four seeds to the pods. 

The so-cal !," grown in the United States, is 

a bunched form, alike in favour for forage and for confectioners' 
purposes on account of the sweetness of its seeds. 

Costa Rica produces the form named earlier, whose abnormally- 
long pods contain four or five seeds ; in the Argentine one with 
orange-yellow husks is common. 

African forms, despite the application of the name africana to 

the bunched group, are for the most part semi-prostrate. On the 

coast two forms - a U , ? their na nes from the 

place names of Galam and Cayor. The Galam nut is that which 

chiefly supplies the exports of West Africa. Rufisque has been 



hid. . 





■!■>■: : V. 




Kurtz in 




bot. Verei 


ins Branden- 


-aS IVYv 






Lour. 1 














in Ada 






VBJL 


- 










. Lot 




ie del' hide" 


of Cordemoy. 
















o - ,..-• *:■.:- 




bra (Prodroi 












Haaskarl's var. a 
















thought perenni 










i (Samenkunde ii. 1885, 
















the pod ; we 


need not concern ourseL 















the chief port <>l shipment ; rheii.-e the British Colonies of 
<;-.unl)i;i and Sierra Leone obtained see. I, and practically through- 
out these dependencies this is the form cultivated. The Cay or 
nut from Senegambia is coarser, thicker-husked, and yields an 
inferior oil. 

Egypt produces a very prostrate form. 

On the Mozambique coast a rather small-podded plant is 
■ ■ultivated (W. W. A. Fit/Gerald, Trarrls, London. LS'.iN, p. 251>). 

Very little information is to hand eonceniinu' rhe varieties met 
with in Asia. Like the African, the Indian plant is semi-prostrate. 
Two forms, differing in the colour of the seed, are grown in the 
Malay Peninsula and in Java; two forms are reported from 
Trincomalee in Ceylon {Trap. A<j >■;<■„ n »,,■;*!, Hi., p. 567), two 
have been introduced into Queensland and North Australia, and 

Handy , I'.S. />,;,/. A/jrir. FamuW BnlMin, No. 25, 1896, p. 5) 

• I together the following analy^s whirls place Japanese 

nuts as richest in oil, in the next rank those from the tropics of 

the Old World, and those from North America last. His analysis 

of Alabama nuts is vitiated by an obvious miscalculation, and we 





Water. 


Percentage in dry s 






Origin. 






l*H. 










Oil. 


ProteidsJ 


|| 


Fibre. 


~ 


Japanese : 














"NaikkT^me" 


7-60 




26-49 








Tropics of Old World : 




54-54 




5-99 


4-88 


1-93 


Rufisqne ..'. '.'. Z 


4-59 


52-48 


X'-'n 


1 H» 


IIS 


vj 


Egyptian 














Southern United States : 


7-71 


50-47 


33-73 ; 


10-15 


S-33 


3-32 


Tennessee (1888 crop) ... 














„ (1889 crop) ... 




























J^i^Tj^ 


■a*. 


j»* 


M 


;« 







179 

Annua/ Re/iurt of the i'mtcd Stair* De/ni etnient of Ag r/e n I t are. 

1870, p. 93:— "It is possible thai the farther south the nut is grown 
the more oil will be developed in the seed. The Algerian growth 
furnishes 25 to 27 per cent. The quantity of oil in the Virginian 
growth is less than that of Algiers." The last is in the new 
edition of Sender's Tropische Agrikuttur, ii, 1899 [dated 1900], 
p. 457, where we read : — " Like castor-oil seeds, ground-nuts are 
richer in oil the more tropical the climate under which they are 
cultivated. West African nuts from near the equator contain 
50-55 per cent, of nil. North American only 2 5 -"J 7 per cent., and 
at times only 20 per cent," Despite the important bearing of 
such a generalisation, we have been unable to find trustworthy 
analyses which can be produced in suppoi't of it. Those which 
have been given above emphasise racial differences rather than 
variations due to the available solar energy. The contention is, 
however, plausible enough, and may be illustrated by bringing 
forward the relative poorness in oil which makes nuts from 
! the more northern States to be preferred for eating 
over those from Georgia, Tennessee, Florida, &c. 

Proceeding to the effect of the soil upon the plant, there is 
indication that the oil-contents of the seed fall short in poor soil. 
Subba Kao { liallotin, Dept. Land Records and Agric, Madras, 1893, 
p. 280) says the seeds from soil new to the crop are richer than those 
from village sites, and from red sandy loams richer than those from 
clays. Seed produced on unirrigated land is richer in oil than 
that produced under irrigation. 

We have to notice next that the pods take upon them the 
colour of the earth in which they are buried ; red earths produce 
red pods, and the first ripe pods of a crop are deeper in colour at 
harvest from having remained longest under ground. There is a 
set among cultivators and mere I : , rk-coloured 

j.od- w hich make- such unwelcome. Moreover, in Indiaseed grown 
on certain dark soils (" pottai-mannu " soils) is rejected for sowing 
t Subba Kao. in lU'l/eti,,. In,,/. Land Record* and Agrie., Madras, 
p. 263). Want of lime causes empty pods. Rich nitrogenous 
manures promote growth of the vegetative parts, but, so it is said. 
do not stimulate seed formation. 

Soft earth is desired for the burying of the seed, and the 
practice of earthing-up, done we are told as often as 1-7 times in 
Spain, is an aid to this end. On hard soils the pods die whenever 
they fail to penetrate the surface. 

The vigour, yield and colour of the seed are thus aileeted by 
the soil, and it is further said that an erect habit is at times 
produced by the soil (Watt. Agrir. Ledger. 1893, No. 15, p. 9). 
The oil-contents of the seed appear to he increased or 
according to the amount of heat available to the plant, but the 

unqualified statement. 

Uses. 

Chief and foremost amount the use- to which this plant is put 
must be placed its yield of oil. The trade between the tropics 
and Europe, by which India and Africa pour the seeds they 
produce into modern oil mills in France, (rermany. England. &c. 



is of recent growth. Older than it is the primitive method by 
which the negroes both of Africa and America extract a portion 
of the oil for their service. 

The oil, which closely resembles olive oil, replaces it largely in 
Europe, and is nsed as salad oil, also in soap-making, burning, 
dyeing, tanning, and cloth-cleaning. It enters into such salves 
as cold-civam, pomades, &c. As an oil for lubricating it has some 
use, and it forms a very important ingredient in the manufacture 
of oleomargarine. Italso form- ma 1 n I h-r.uit of olive and almond 
oils, and is in its burn adulterated with poppy, sesamum, and 

In India the sweet oil of the bazaars is a mixture of this with 
safllmver and sesamum oils, the seeds being pressed together 
(Dymock, Materia Mvf/rrt, India, ed. 2, p. 246). Arachis oil 
finds a further use as an adulterant of "ghi," or clarified butter, 
and is recognised as oifieinal in the Indian Pharmacopoeia replacing 

Almost wherever grown, a portion of the produce is converted 
into oil for local use. In Java it has long served as an oil for 
o g, and for a less period in India. It burns with a clear 
■ ._ ■•!• than olive nil in the propor- 
tion of 9^ hours to 8 hours per oz., but gives less light. 

Japan and China produce a small quantity of oil, which, how- 
ever, hardly finds its way into the European market, as in a small 
measure does that from India. In China a medicinal value is 
attributed to it (Debeaux, .S*//,- A/ v h,,y»ma,- rl™ C/iiti»is. L'ari.s, 
18o. r >, p. 08). 

The use of the seed as a food is very extensive. It may be 
eaten when unripe, and has then, when cooked, the flavour of 
kidney beans. When ripe, it is too oily to be more than an adjunct 
to the diet, a i ..,'/,. /,/,.,., ,'„„ 7 „. j . p. Ml) 

narrates how a balanced food is obtained by the negroes bv adding 
to it such sta . a nas. Roasted in the shell it is 

sold in immense quantities in the streets of the cities and towns 
of Eastern North America. 

These seeds in Europe have served as adulterants for coffee, 
cocoa, and spices. For adulterating coffee they are pressed in 
mould- and passed as coffee beans ( Vo-1. '/>,Y /,-/. hf !,/.<(> „ 
< - A,//*, ■■/„./« »/. /,.„ «,,.„■•<./, iwiin, IS'/.i. ,,. V.-ili. 
lh - 1: 'i"" r ,! ' ' " ' "' i s ' l '■'' ar re 1 lish-brown with little taste. 
"Austrian coffee" is the name by which this counterfeit product 
goes. As cocoa they are pounded and mixed with the true 
"Cacaouette" has reference to 
this use. Sweetmeats are made from them to a small extent. 

The seeds ground finely after being roasted make a butter-like 
mass, sold as ■• Pea-nut butter " in the United States (Aurirnltural 
J "";-' • A /;,// - "•' L8 ' )9 > P. 437). Monteiro, again, stares that 
such a preparation highly seasoned is used to stave off hunger by 
the people of Angola when on the march. Pound- 

stews and curries. The roots are said to 
have been used for adulterating liquorice. 

r.T£ e - Cake Jeft ffter oil-expression as performed in European 
nulls is a valuable animal food, and some use of it for human 
beings has been made recently. The meal which the more 



The hay is rich in feeding s:,ill>. as analyses shew (see 
n.lirzsrh "in hi- h,u-l ••■; ,-tsrh,, « ;,■!,.■,, V, rwhs-Shttinm'n, xli., 
p. 3SS, and V. S. lh;»f. A;/rir., F«r»,rrs Bull., No. 25, p. 5). It 
is made use of in Asia to a small extent, and on a larger scale in 
the Eastern United States. Here, too, after the harvest is gathered 
hogs are turned on to the land, and grub up pods which have 
not been collected. 

As a green manure for the tropics Arachis has been suggested, 
for it adds when ploughed in, not only the materials drawn 
directly from the soil, but also the other food stuffs taken from the 
tii 1 . including the nitrogen which the root tubercles acquire. 



Chemistry of the Seed. 

Analyses of the seed shew, as already stated, a richness in oil 
which varies considerably. This oil is a non-drying oil, becoming 
turbid at + 3° C, and congealing at - 3° C. It consists of the 
glycerides of four fatty acids, viz. : — olein, arachin, hypogsein, 
palmitin. 

The similarity of ground-nut oil to olive oil is apparent when 
we remember that the main constituents of both are olein and 
palmitin. 

Starch is present to a small amount. 

Albuminoid matter is more abundant, and cane sugar has been 
detected (Schulze & Frankfurt in Z>it.<rhr. tii r {J,i/,<i'>/n</. Cl,euiie, 
1895, p. 511.) 

Oils, starch, and albuminoids when found in seeds are reserves 
for the use of the young plant and are absorbed in germination. 
Immediately growth starts absorption of these products com- 
mences, and the chemistry of the seed is considerably altered. 
In the place of the fats appear fch fatty acids and 

glycerine. Obviously oil extracted at this juncture will not have 
that freedom from taste in which should lie its real value. 

We cannot record observations made directly on Arwhis 
hypogcea, but analogy indicates that oleic, arachic, hypoxic, 
and palmitic acids appear in the seed when germination has 
commenced. 

The same acidifying process is produced by fungi, and as these 
readily attack the seed rancidity is developed when they are 
present. 

It is well known that seeds of many plants cannot be induced 
to germinate until they have passed a certain period of q 
This is not so with Atrichia Jvjpo<i<i<i. At any time a small 
amount of moisture is sufficient to start the process ; so readily is 
it induced that occasionally in India germination starts before the 
crop is dug. Germination started and then checked results in the 
death of the seed. Such a dead and partly germinated seed 
contains rancid oil. 

A similar amount of moisture will favour the growth of moulds 
—Eurotium, Pcirilliunt, &c— and these finding entrance into 
the tissues of the seeds by bruised places add to the acidity. 
Unfortunately Indian nuts shelled by being beaten and thus 



bruised, shipped or i'wn >!<nv4 damp, l.ecome imihm> [ ; and experts 
maintain that they can disnncruUh oil-cake made from this source 
by the abundance of fungal threads in it. 

Ground-nut seeds do not require much moisture to stimulate 
growth, though in the complete process of germination they absorb 
almost their own weight (Bogdanow, see Just's Bot. Jahres- 
Iffirlif, 1X.S7. \„ p. •JoTi: Uirhi 'I'm-- m>! conspicuously deter it 
(Pauchon in Ann. Sri. Hat., ser. 6. x., p. 98). 

The great precautions necessary to prevent growth in -rods 
reserved for sowing will be mentioned under the head of cultiva- 
tion. There is reason why tin ■ same precautions should not be 
neglected in the caee of see 1 destined for the oil-mill. 



dean oHiiin a.lmiis of 

v provided 

1 its home in the Old 



cannot guess, but we find evidence that it was more orless a staple 
food with them from the occurrence it, Peruvian tombs of seeds 
left with the dead as food for the deputed soul on it's journey. 
In the tombs at Ancon, interments of nor lamr | : ,i,. rhan l'i//ir '- 
conquest of Peru, no seed except that of the maize is more 

<•■ in Arfr* S»r. Li,,,, Bo, droit r ser 1 

iii., p. 350). 
The French colonists sent by Admiral Coligny to the Brazilian 
" it in 1555, and Jean de Lery 



described it am 

UtPis , 



t undertaken thirty years 

earlier, „ was seen by him in considerable quantity in the 

-uese voyagers of the 

!?^f e u ent Jm' W '' 1 '* 1 , , ' V " V ' V,l ' lv "' U "' )Vi ' economic products on 

new shores The work of colonising St. Helena was besrun by 

n the same way Arachis was left on the shores nearer 

S In ™it k TV ]U ' Y f] ^ u, ; nt " ' ''"»■ «"" ' — '■'- from this 

ysmt of slaves. Hawkins, our English navigator, led 

" -1-1'non, to rlu. pur „, \ In , ,nd in 15G4 

1 --' *-y«»\> .got,,, ,h, p, lr po. tlll Ii;m , llht , 

flcts are L 1?"T fre, l^»tly mentions the Portuguese. These 

TL al-k'^T Fl0a I h ° argUeS the P*»ibility that the 



tt Vn^V 1 !! 1 " Ur ' " Th " ll — ^ryof America, 
e for the establishment of 



of Alvares' travels, t 



order to raid anothei 

Clusius {Kariorum Plcmtaran, Hittoria, ii., p. 79, 1601) 
informs us that the slavers took as food for their captives 
on the voyage from the Guinea Coast to Lisbon, roots of the 
sweet potato, which is an American plant, "besides certain 
nuts " ; and these nuts Sir Hans Sloane {The Natural History of 
Jaunifii, i., p. 184, London, 1707) identities as fruits of Arachis. 
Though Clusius does not give information which puts Sloane's 
identification beyond doubt, the fact thai in die hitter's day these 
seeds were used "to feed the negroes in their voyage from Guinea 
to .Jamaica" is itself strong evidence. And though in 1707 the 
earth-nuts thus used were brought from Africa with the slaves, a 
century earlier they were evidently brought from the West Indies 
(St, Thomas, <fcc.) with the roots of the sweet potato. 

The spread of Ai-u-his in Africa must have been rapid. It is 
now grown from the Mediterranean almost io the extreme south. 
Ficalho adduces tins wide extension in the continent* as an 
argument against an introduction subsequent to the discoverv of 
America. But other undoubtedly American species have now a 
similar range, having reached the verv heart of the continent 
from the east and west coasts (P. Ascherson in Sit uniash, -rh-Ut <1 . 
(rrsr//s.-h,,t/ Xatarfnrsrfo'wh'r Frmndr :a Hcrlin. ' 1877, pp. 
141-i:>7>. nor are pans unknown to which its ex-tension W 



Nearly as early, some region in Malaya or South China seems to 
have received the plant, which spread rapidly and deceived 
- ■ calling it. in L7cl>. a native of Cochin China. Rumpf 
saw it in Amboyna and figures it (lui)l) as Cham" ',/ ,„./>• 
j<t t rmirii«. The people of South China seem to have early taken 
to irs cultivation, and thence it spread to Japan and Bengal, getting 
both countries, as well as in Java (Hasskarl, [f,,rius 
Bnijnr., p. 233), a name meaning " Chinese bean." It is 
to note in pa-sin- th.it, according to Bretschneider {Sdub, if 

"Foreign bean." Africa seems to have sent it to t] 
, and about Bombay i * 

Maufitiu 

sived it from the same sourer 



Origin and Growth of the Trade of ] 



^••■:;u l-l 



from the West Indies ; later it came from the 
Guinea coast. This traffic and attempts to grow the nut in other 
more northern places helped to familiarise industrial Europe 
with it. 

Even as early as 1697 Stisser grew it in Brunswick (Fliickiger 
and Hanbury, Pharmacographia, ed. 2, London, 1879, p. 187) ; in 
1712 it had ] (see Trap. 

A'jrirnlturtst, iii., 507), and in 1723 it was in the Royal Garden at 
Montpellier, where, however, it soon died out (Heuze, Les plantes 
industri, //V,-. ii.. I'.u-i.-, LS'.a p. 130). Tenore says that in 1774 it 
was again in England ; and in 1769 Sir William Watson showed 
pods and the oil to the Royal Society, while he read a memoir on 
it, communicated to him by George Brownrigg of North Carolina 
{Phil. Trans,, lix., pp. 379-383). 

In 1787 a great quantity of seed was brought to Spain and 
Portugal, where its cultivation promised well, and it is of great 
interest to learn from Tenore, who himself experimented with it 
in Italy (Napnli, AW 1st. Limrr., i. (1.SI1), p. 31), that in 1807 
the uses of its seeds were to yield an oil for soap-making and as 
a substitute for almond oil in pharmacy, while powdered, they 
served as a substitute for cacao (£ Arachis seed mixed with 
f Cacao), or were added to flour in making bread. France was 
anxious to obtain it, and from Heuze's account — more correct than 
that of any other recent writer — the following is borrowed : — 

" In 1801, Lucien Bonaparte, then Ambassador at the Court of 
Madrid, sent seeds to M. Mechin, prefect of the department of 
Les Landes (the province to the south of Bordeaux), suggesting 
that he should try to grow it on the sandy soil of those parts. 
When the first trials had succeeded, M. Mechin printed a detailed 
account of how to cultivate it and circulated it among those who 
tag to repeat his experiments. As a result Arachis was 
widely grown on a large scale in the departments of Basses- 
1'yivurcs. , , , nl> Bouches du Rhone, Vauduse. 

Isciv. Ami,-, an-; Dnmie. Everywhere people were convinced 
that it was a reliable oil-seed, and would assuredly grow in 
Southern France. The political troubles of 1808 to 1815 stopped 
the experiments, and the cultivation of Arachis was abandoned. 
Again in 1820 to 1822, at the time when the olive-yards were in 
a large measure destroyed by frost, fresh experiments took plan-. 
ill-conceiY,o . T1( „ tumen who 

had undertaken them, in abandoning tin- enterprise, sported that 
shelling the seeds was necessary before obtaining the oil, and that 
tins was a . l!u ] 8econdlv that th wag no 

market for the oil." 

Again, the winter of 1830 wrought serious havoc in olive-yards 
(Coutance, UOhmer, Paris, 1877, p. 210), and for some time 
»lil\ ,!™ ? "• ™ 8 led the wool-carders to 

seek some, te Ground-nut oil in 1837 was 

found to serve. A Marseilles firm had put on to the i- 
experiment some four or five kilogrammes (Dumas e^Poiteau in 



185 

AM. Se. Nat. ser. 3 xix. 
seed sent from Gambia. 
French settlements benefited first, and Gambia, where they 
possessed one, as well as Senegal sent increasing quantities to 
Marseilles year by year. Other parts of Africa commenced to 
export nuts* notably Algeria, Sierra Leone, and Angola. Pondi- 
cherrv, too, began to send shipments, and the trade thence received 
a great stimulus by the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. 

Some idea of the growth of the trade may be obtained from 
the statement that ten or twelve years after the first importation 
the output of Marseilles had reached seventv million kilogrammes 
of oil (1,377,482 cwt). Barcelona, near which, as already 
mentioned, experiments in growing Arachis had commenced in 
1787, entered into competition with Marseilles. Spain proved not 
unsuited to the crop, and thence comes the record that 700 pods 
have been obtained from a single root ; but the output of oil from 
Spain is not great. 

Another attempt o production in France took place in 1839 
and 1840, when a M. Chaise, who had been in Senegal, grew near 
Dax some five hectares (12£ acres), with results beyond his 
expectation. Still, as Naudin reports (Naudin and Mueller, 
Manual <h>. P Arrlimateur, 1887, p. 139), the cost of production 
was too great, and despite M. Chaise's big crop no further 
attempts to produce the plant in France have occurred. From 
Losoncz in Hungary a more recent successful attempt is reported 
(Just, Jahresbericht, 1878, ii., p. 478) but it is not clear that profit 
can be derived. 

The trade in ground-nuts thus remains one by which the 
tropics feed the mills of Europe. 

Genoa, Bordeaux, Nantes, Dunkirk, London, Rotterdam, 
IIuu' m-g. and tin Ha hie po its have entered into competition with 
Marseilles, and the Mozambique coast of Africa has commenced 
to export in large quantity. 

In this process of decentralization, though France still remains 
facile prtTtceps, Marseilles no longer holds the same large share 
in the commerce which fell to that port thirty years ago. Almost 
100 million kilogrammes of Arachis were imported into France 
in LS9S, chiefly in the pods, but partly d. corticated, to a value of 
over £836,000, and representing 76,900,984 kilogrammes of 
kernels. In the same year Marseilles imported Arachis to the 
amount, represented as kernels, of 27,098,100 kilogrammes. The 
proportion of tin trade which fell to Marseilles was then a trifle 
more than one-third of the total of France. 

The figures upon which the above statement is based were 
supplied to Kew by the Statistical Department of the 



Board of Trade, 
following table of i 


From figures from the same source the 
recent imports to France has been calculated : — 


Average. 


1 


In the shell. Decorticated. | Total as kernels. 


1892-4 

1895-7 
1898 • 




75.123.813 105,816,151 163.661,102 

57.516.807 46,791.1)22 S8.51H.197 
93,684,247 4,764,114 76,900,984 



Tlir imports ol Uermany. which between 1880 and 1887 
(Fhlitzsch, /.,-.. ,,. :;t>7 ) aA erased S.:V.C..O00 kilogrammes have 
increased so that during the last three years they have been : — 




Supply of Europe. 

Gambia, which sent 1.3,200 cwt. to Marseilles in 1837, was 
followed by Senegal in 1840 with a small shipment. The increase 
in the exports then became rapid. In 1860 Gambia exported to 
the value of £79.ol2. and Sierra Leone to £3 1.5 J 1 . : in 1870 these 
two colonies exported the one to the value of £121,329, the other 
to £95,605 ; and the trade became the most important one of this 
part of Africa, and continues to be so. 

Angola entered into competition with Gambia but heavy taxation 
checked and partly destroyed the Angolan trade (Monteiro. »,/,. 
e//.. i., p. 133, and Fiealho. up. <•//., p. 139). 

The Indian trade, owing to the length of the journey round the 
Cape, took no great dimensions until after the opening of the 
Suez Canal in 1869. Then came a rapid development, Pondi- 
cherry being the chief centre. Indigo had been a leading 
concern of this French settlement, but the natives who dealt in it 
suddenly discovered that Arachis offered a better market, and for 
a time the trade taxed the capabilities of the port to the uttermost. 
In 1SS3 the demand for storage space was so great that every 
available dwellmydiouse was rented by the merchants. In 1886 
rhivcsp.yial -nut ' trains had to be run daily for some time from 
I'anruti in the chief producing district to Pondicherry, while 
Pondicherry, Panruti, and the surrounding villages remained full 
■ p. Agriculturist, \\\., v . 12; ri.,p.31). h • 

•» meet the increased traffic, despite the use 
ot "twelve new export >hedsand ten Ian.'!- naval coal jro-downs " 
(Troj,. Aurirultin-ist. x., p. 867). 

A1 '° !U ibre.-.putrters of the nuts exported from Pondicherry 
were -town in i he l'.ritish territory adjacent to the French 
settlement. Nuts likewise found an outlet through Madras, and 
J '"-' »"'• ■ '-idency through Bombay. 

^tatistn:s i . i\ tilable of the exports from British India, hut 
not from Pondicherry; under these circumstances it is hardlv 
useful to give them. As a substitute a table is offered of the 
acreage under the crop for the years from 1882 to 1898 in the Madras 
PWaAencj . t shows l. acreage to the climax in 189 

" tall. The figures are taken from Subba Rao's paper 
Mom the Revenue Report on the crop in 

\k, r.Kldti Vr„ 77*1 77«n „ T\ J 



» (G.O., Kos. 773, 773a, p. 



Acreage under (irmnid-imt 


in the Madra 


Presidency, 


Year. 


AC.. 


Year. 


icreB . 


1882-83 


73,568 


1890 91 




258,313 
201,344 


1884-85 




1892-93 
1893-94 




226,905 




153,013 


1894-95 






1887-88 




1895-96 




243,350 


1888-89 


211,890 










279,355 


1897-98 




83,715 



The fall in interest subsequent to 1890 is not peculiar to 
Madras, it is observed, too, in the Bombay Presidency, and the 
French Chamber of Commerce at Pondicherry has recognised the 
necessity of investigating the rau-e, while rhe decreased imports 



India are decortieared 
cated, we can recognise 
rseilies imports. In 

calculated as kernels, 
icated nuts is deducted 
in the Cnm/jfrs lh-mhix 



tW tin- sli. 11. Th. luiMsui thetai 
dr hi Chamhredr Commerce de 1 
proportion of kernel to husk is bas.-d mi t inures triven bv Fl 
[i.e., p. 388). Simmonds {Trujdcal Agrirufhirt; London 
p. 402) only allows to the husk 1 per cent, of the total weiq 
impossibly small amount ; Heuze gives it as 26-28 per cei 
in some pods weighed at Kew, in a very dry condition, 
found to be about 25 per cent. To place 77 per cent, 
kernel is therefore a liberal allowance. 



. the 



ntctl = 110! *&*• or 









Total as 




Years. 


Undecorticated. 


Decorticated. 


per 100 Wlos? 


1877-79 


584 782 


I 


519 814 


fr.no,. 


1880-82 


627,579 


















1886-88 










1889-91 










1895-97 ::: 


26M07 


] 'mf:l 


r,cs,.S36 




1898 


632,860 


54,660 , 


541,962 





3 true that the export of oil from Madras, &c, has slightly 
- "\e next table below shows, but this is in n 
proportional to the great decrease in exports of nuts. 





Expo 


*t of Oil in Gallon* frmn Madras Presidency. 










Total. 








J F ° reign - 








: I 


;arn oinlmfT l^si >-> ... 


1 712(5 ! 4«;«JH) 
1 3049 :li)V.2:,l 


11 



It seems that to meet the demand in Marseilles in 1898 large 
shipments were made of undecorticated nuts from Africa, and 
judged by the extensive cultivation on that coi 
that the demand may be fully met. The possibilities of the West 
Coast of Africa are not yet fully developed. W. W. A. I 
remarks (Travels in Coast Lands British E. Africa, p. 213) that 
" The soil of the coast lands is just what is required for its cultiva- 
tion." 

Exact information on the subject of the trade of this side of 
Africa has hitln -vu< b«-«-n '-valuing, and in view of the evidently 
•acts from a report by 
H.M.'s Coii- a ill be of interest. 

" The ground-nut is collected by natives, by whom it is largely 
used as an article of food ; it is also sold by them in great 
(plant 'Hies to the Indian merchants or to the holders of Prazos 
{i.e., tenants), by whom it is either passed on to European firms 
on the coast or exported independently. 

** From such statistics as I have been enabled to obtain from the 
Portuguese Custom Houses on this coast it would appear that the 
bulk of the ground-nuts which find their way to Europe from 
Portuguese East Africa are shipped from the northern ports of the 
province, that is to say, from Ibo, Mozambique, Quilimane, and 
Chinde. It is evident from the figures I have received from the 
three first-named places that Quilimane is by far the most 
important of them in relation to this commodity ; but although, 
unfortunately, I have been unable to procure any precise infor- 
mation from the Custom House at Chinde, I am able to state from 
my personal knowledge of the place that the output from 
Chinde approaches that from Quilimane, its neighbouring port. 
This will be the more readily understood, perhaps, when it is 
explained that Chinde receives the entire trade of the extensive 
Zambezi valley, and, sin iclea of import received, 

not only from the Zambezi, but from the vast countries to the 
north and west, are shipped from Chinde. It will, therefore, be 
seen that the amount of ground-nuts exported from the two 
very large. Moreover, there has been established at 
Quilimane during the past year an extensive soap and oil 
manufactory, which possesses certain profitable monopolies for the 
manufacture of those two articles in the province and elsewhere. 
As these goods are m i i,-,, m ground-nuts and 

other locally produced oil seeds, it follows that a considerable 
.p-..it.'1'y is used in this way. If we were in a positio] 
the quantity of ground-nuts actually exported from On 
Chmde the number of tons used locally i^ _ 
manufactory, the amount of this produce collected in the district, 



189 

with that shipped from the Zambezi, would doubtless reach an 
Qg total. 

" On the table which follows it will be noted that the increase 
in the exports of ground-nuts in 1898 is considerable, and this is 
the more remarkable when it is understood that the natives in the 
northern portion of the province have often great difficulty in 
reaching the coast with their produce by reason of the terror 
inspired by the marauding tribes by which the country is infested. 
I am informed that a large quantity both of rubber and ground- 
nuts is annually lost to commerce, the natives being surprised in 
the act of conveying it to the coast and put to flight, while the 
result of their labours for, it may be, many months is left rotting 
on the ground. 

"As I have previously endeavoured to explain, the ground-nuts 
are collected entirely without supervision, and in quite a hap- 
hazard way, and sold to the exporter on the coast. From what I 
have been enabled to glean very few find their way to the United 
Kingdom, the bulk going to Hamburg and Rotterdam, whilst a 
certain quantity are despatched to Marseilles." 



Return of Ground-nu 



? exported ft 
1S'.I7 and \ 



helow-mentioned j 



^ 


vm. 


1898. 


Tons. 


Value. 


Ton, 


Value. 


• .im:ite) ... 


2,065 


742 10 6 

27,877 10 

27'000 


85 


|| !jj I 


Total 


r...VJ.J 


88,965 


6,590 


218,322 




Total export during 1897 


88,965 




Increas 


during 1898 ... 


9,582 


129,357 



Like the Indian trade, that of the Argentine Republic, never 
very large, has fallen since 1891 ; a table of 
Europe thence may be seen in Sender's T 
(ed. 2. ii., p. 461). 

Lastly, a word about China. China, as stated above, an early 
home of Arachis in Asia, still grows large quantities, especially in 
the Yangtze-Kian- valley. Chief of all as a port of shipment, not 
only of nuts, but of oil, is Chinkiang, at the mouth of 
and a large proportion of the exports finds its way to Hong 
Kong thence to be shipped to other countries. Shanghai, too, 
in the same region sends a considerable quantity of oil to Hong 
Kong, as also Chefoo in the north, and Pakhoi in the south. In the 
extreme north Tientsin has a large trade in nuts, but for the most 



>,and the effect on the European market remains very small. 



the United States. 



sold in the streets at every corner. The soldiers of the northern 
army brought back the taste for them as a result of their invasion 
of the south {Annual I!,;,,;,-/, f'.S. Do,,!. Ai/rirallnre., 18(38, 
p. 220). Roth armies hud occupie,] Virginia in ' Turn, where the 
farmers all grew small patches for their own use. 

Reference to the Monthly Reports issued by the United States 
Department of Agriculture enables us to follow the growth of 
the demand. 

In those for 1869 we learn that in Virginia tobacco land which 



being put to the new use of growing pea-nuts. 



In those for 1870 an account of the North Caroli 



op is given 
nowing its extension. In 1871 (see Imports of that year, 
.494) the crop of Virginia had reached -J ■_>;». lf,0 bushels, in 1874 
~ 510 bush„„, „ 

,,. „„) it reached 
i.2.>n.(inu bushels. Other Stales meanwhile were -rowing pea- 

Rt'ports, p. 48Si, produce,! in !- while North 

Carolina raised in the same war 1 10,01 iu bushels. 

The heavy demand and' insullicient production within the 
United States fostered a Trade between Africa and New York. <vc. 
which the increase of internal culiivation. as shown above, and a 
Tax on all nuts imported from Africa ultimately more or less 



Acerarp' Annua/ Import »/ P,>a-i 



which follows from the 



being excluded from the preceding table, that 



•2.&2:i-n',. 



191 

The imports of decorticated nuts in 1897 were only 1,000 lbs., 
of ground-nuts in the shell, 138,102 lbs. 

The exclusion of foreign nuts is well shown by the above 
figures, which may be taken in conjunction with the statements 
that in years of low prices the cost of transport preclude,! the 
importation of African nuts (Ju,n;>. A rr li^I Srinu-e, 1881, p. 81), 
ami that in lS'.U. owing to the tax. nuts sen! from Africa nmi 



Expression of the Oil in Europe. 

The oil is expressed from the seeds in the following manner, as 
described by Dr. P. Uhlitzsch (hir liiiuhrirtxrlnifllirltm Vcr- 
s>ich«-«t,tth»wn, xli.. IS'.fJ. p. 100) :— » Whenby means of brushing 
the pods tlie unslielled nuts have been cleaned, they are broken 
between rollers ami passed on to a fan which winnows out the 
light pieces of husk. When the seeds are sufficiently broken 
they are packed into a cylinder in thin layers, each layer 
separated by a cloth of horsehair. The first pressing is but slight, 
the resulting cakes are very flat, loose, and easily broken. The 
cakes are then broken and ground up finely in a mortar, 
sprinkled with water and mixed with any meal which passed 
through the holes in the cylinder at the first pressing. Then 
follows the second pressing. Mills which only make table 
oil express twice in the cold, or on the second occasion in very 
slight heat ; but usually the nuts are pressed three times. 

"The first expression in the cold gives an almost colourless oil 
with a-rreaUe tasie and smell, which serves as a pure table oil, 
and is used for making oleo-margarine ; the second yields a 
'sweet oil,' and the product is also used for burning; the third 
expression, made with heat, gives an oil — rabat oil — of a yellow 
colour and hardly agreeable taste and smell, which is used in 
soap-boiling. 

"By these diligent pressings 30-40 per cent, of the oil is 
removed in something like the following proportions :— 
" 1st expression, 16-1 S per cent, of a tine table oil. 
" 2nd „ 7-8 „ of a table oil or 

illuminating oil. 
" 3rd „ 7-8 „ of an indifferent oil. 

" The oil-cake left contains about 7*5 per cent." 

Such is the result of expression carried on at the mills of 
Hamburg, Berlin. Marseilles. Uoimn. \c. According to Ib-nz,-. 
the nuts in Spain, when pressed as soon a- - 
60 per cent. ; in Italy 50 per cent, is obtained, in India, 43 per 
cent., in Senegal, 30-33 pel- cent., ami at Pondieherry, 37 percent. 

The bags used in the process are made of horse hair or wool. 
The cake varies in shape according to the machinery used. 
Those made in Riga are twice as long as those made in West and 
South Germany. 

When it is intended to devote the whole of the oil to soap- 
boiling, chemical means are used in its extraction— carbon 
. petroleum-ether, benzene or canadol. The use of 
such substances a- carbon bisulphide obviously leaves the cake 
unfit for food. 



The Indian Oil Mill. 

The Indian oil mill was described by Subba Rao in the Bulletin 

of the Dejifu'tmriit <;/' Lan<l 1,'< <■,,<].< arid Aurinrtture. Madras, 
p. 288 (No. 28, 1893), in the following way :— 

" The oil is expressed locally in native mills of the ordinary 
rotary pestle-and-mortar pattern. The chief centres of this trade 
are Valavanur (700 mills), Panruti (200 mills), and l'oudicherrv 
(200 mills). A single charge for a mill is from 15 to 18 Madras 
measures of seed (about 1.V1S lbs. j. which must first be thorou-hlv 
dried. During the pressing water is added to the seed in small 
quantities. After workinu for about half-an-hour. oil begins 
to rolled and ill,, kernels to cake. The cake is then loosened 
with a crowbar, and about | 11). of old ground-nut cake dust 
is mixed with the mass, an I work- is then resumed. In 45 minutes 
ll '""i ! '"' i-omm.-nr. in-nt of tdie work about three measures of oil 
are ladled out of the mill. The cake is again loosened from the 
- 1 ' 1 ''- ' • f) " mill in I the ems _ im . I \1 om liv. i mutes 

afterwards a strip of cloth is dip]., d in the mill and the oil 
a I -orl. d is squeezed into the pot. In this manner about a 
measure of oil is taken out. Thereafter the oil is taken up on a 
brush or a bunchy of fowl's f- itin i-s an 1 squeezed out into the pot. 
The cake is then again loosened and broken up. About an hour 
after commencing the work, the oil collected in the lower cavity 
is removed by a strip of cloth fastened to an iron rod about 2 feet 
long which is dipped into it. In this manner another measure 
ot oil is removed. Then another handful of -round-nut rake 
dust is added to prevent the adhesion of the cake to the pestle. 
Alj<;r about one hour and a quarter a torch at the end of an iron 
11 ' Ui| I - lyal md close to the cake while the 

mil is working, ror about 1<> to 15 minute, the cake is thus 

U;,U " L r , ' I " , ; r , i,,,n - T t0 increase the out-turn of oil. In an 

l ;; ! , ir t ; 1 '" ' ■-;;■} ^ ™.,-k is over anl the cake is dug out 
and put b\. The last ot the oil (about j measure) is taken 
out In North Areot and Chinglepu distrh-ts the use of the 



delivered to the merchai 

Oil-expression elsewhere. 
i^knfX^rl'li 11 "!;.: 1 < ' , ' ! ' r:,i!, !immint .°. f oi l-^Pression 
expressing other oils. 
In Java the seeds are 



before being passed 



The method of obtaining the oil in Angola is 1 



described 



i handful of this i 



i tii-t pound 



between the palms of the 



and an attendant pours a small quantity of hot water on it, and 

on squeezing tin- hands tightly tni.vtli.Ttl il ami water run out. 

SincR the great demand for. and trade in the ground-nut, hut 
little oil is prepared by the natives, as they lind it more advan- 
tageous to sell the nuts than to extract the oil from them by the 
wasteful process I hav just described." 











Indigestible fibre 


Z « z z 


i-n 


.,:,' 



All these agree i 
this is borne out b 
be detailed. 

Subba Rao (I.e., 
food when famine 
the Southern Sta 



Dr. Nordlicher's preparations as made by the Rademann Food 
Product Factory take four forms : — 

Pea-nut grits (Erdnussgriltze). 
Pea-nut flour (Erdnussmehl). 
Pea-nut biscuits. 
Diabetic chocolate biscuits. 

The first is a coarse meal, the second a flour, both giving on 
analysis the following : — 

Water 4-8 

Protein substances ... 48-5 

Oil 22-0 

Carbohydrates... ... 17-9 

The first kind of biscuits is composed of the pea-nut flour with 
the addition of a starchy flour, which raises considerably the per- 
centage of the carbohydrate elements, while the second kind, in 
which starchy stutlV aiv a disad vanta-.-. '-, composed of the pea-nut 
flour with no considerable admixture. 

For some time the Soja bean has been employed as a dietetic 
for those suffering from diabetes, and Dr. Nordlinger points 
out that Arachis, besides being very much cheaper, has, after 
the extraction of the oil, a greater percentage of nitrogenous food 

Since ISM these products have been in the market. They have 
further been the subject of experiment under Dr. Fuh.rbriiig.-r in 
a hospital in Berlin, where, it is reported, most of the patients, who 
were suffering from the usual variety of complaints to be met 
with in a public hospital, willingly eat pea-nut soup offered to 
them. Also the expert i ' , my rations 

has been tried. 

It is wo 
the first of the e 



Cultivation. 

v 1 nI t i!Ll! lthe 1 Ea f t ' rn F nh,Ml Btateat hat the greatest intelligence 
tlrZ m f7! t0 ^ ? l8iug and h^vesting of the . „;, A 
description of the methods in vogue in Virginia may well serve 
asabasisforeonn^n g * > 

cotTon Z\ ! preceding crop-maize, 

JUT' tobacco-having been one which leaves the surface in a 
noTnut°nn th?,' T"^ Y^ SU PP^ of marl or ^psum, if 
the Sil'f ^ T?* T . the f ° rmer Cr °P' is &***• Then 
wach has been left in the pods all winter. 

iZZl/Tf 10 + teSt ! d - The farmer ta advised to 
htZl ' Tn: "- r " '"r l a tv " w >'- >~ i"-l"«Ts Brat, then a 

he can obtain a crop. As a further precaution it is necessary, 



195 

when the shelled seeds have to be kept for some little time ln-fore 
sowing, to keep them in small bags or baskets, lest tiny boat and 
lose all power of growing. 

The seeds are set by hand on the ridge, a bushel to a bushel 
and a half of pods (i.e., 24-36 lbs.) giving seed enough for one 
acre. The ridges should be 2.',-;? feet apart, and, when the 
plough has prepared them, an ingeniously simple machine 
known as the " dotter " is run along each 1)a j r ol ridges 
before the hands, marking by means of spikes on its wheels tin- 
spot where each seed is to be set. The hands following place a 
single seed into each hole at a depth of 11,-2 inches, and cover it 
with the foot. Within seven to ten days from planting the 
seedling appear.- at the surface, and then any spots where failure 
to germinate has occurred are resown. The after workings are 
ploughing!? and weeding-, three or four in number ; in the second 
ploughing the earth of the intervening space is thrown towards 
the plants in order to help the pods to bury themselves. 

The crop is sown in May, or at times late in April or in June ; 
flowering begins in July and lasts a month. The plant can stand 
a good deal of dry weather. 

Harvesting is commenced in the end of September and continued 
through October. A plough with a narrow mould-board is run 
along each side of the row- and the soil round the plants loosened. 
Then the vines are lifted by hand, shaken five of earth, and left 
lor a day or two to wither. After this the plants are placed round 
stakes into small shocks, under, and often also over, which is laid 
a board as protection from the moisture of the soil or from rain. 
Thus left the pods are cured in the air. The last process is to pick 
the nuts, a troublesome piece of work done by hand, which is 
accompanied by grading and cleaning the pods for market. There 
also exist factories which buy the pea-nuts, clean and grade 
them, and sell them again. In doing this " pops," or empty pods, 
are removed. Such empty pods are said to be most abundant 
when there is a lack of calcareous food in the soil, or as an effect 
of dry weather. 

Pods which remain in the soil are picked out as far as possible 
on ploughing the land, and hogs turned on to grub out and feed 
on what is left, lest the plant become a tiresome weed in the next 
crop. The hay, too, is saved in as good condition as may be for a 
food for animals. 

Modifications of this method are commonly practised. At times 
the ridge system is forsaken, and planting done on the flat. As is 
well known the relative advantages for the two svstems depend 
chiefly on the depth of the soil ami auburn of -le-i-urn available . 
Various mixed manures are given ; and the distance between the 
rows varied with the variety eh « of the earth. 

Quite rev ha- been directed'to the culture 

on irrigated lands (see Bulletin. Fh,,-i-hi A-n i<-uUu,-nl StuJio,,, 26, 
1899, p. 26), but the results are not to hand. 

On land new to pea-nuts the crop is usually heavy, and the 
ridges are at least three feet apart. After a few years under 
pea-nuts the growth becomes less vigorous, and the rows may 
hardly meet at a distance of 2h feet . 

A striking contrast to thU i"s rh» custom in Gambia to sow the 
rows a foot apart. Here the land is ploughed and the see< I dibble, t 



196 

in on the ridge as in the States. The standing crop is weeded, 
and ultimately ploughed up. In Angola, Monteiro tells us 
(<>/>. '•//., i., p. 129) the ground for pea-nuts— good soil in a river 
valley a little way inland where the comparatively arid coastal 
strip ceases — is cleared and the weeds burned ; then, with a 
primitive little hoe, women stir the soil to the depth of a few 
! '■'" -• ■■;' I t lie seeds are dropped in and covered up. Put in the 
ground in October or November, the crop is not removed until 
■July or August, though the nuts are readv to be eater, green 
in April. 

In India care is taken to get the soil into a good state of tilth, 
and as m the 1 nited States lime is regarded a- a valuable manure. 
Subba Rao {I.e., p. 22b) says that silt containing lime to the 
extent of 22 per cent, was applied at the rate ,,f l()li cart-loads per 
acre when the land of c i.aiii \ill.u- - was In— i bm., J.- under 
ground-nuts, and afterwards at intervals of a few vears. Animal 
manure is regarded as beneficial only when applied to the preceding 
crop. Ashes are largely used, at the rate of 10 to 30 cartloads 
per acre a cart-load being about a ton. Indigo refuse is rarely 
used. It is considered that organic manures do harm rather 
than good if there be a loi .plication. 

_ Seed required for sowing is kept in the pods until required. It 
is recognised that it will not keep for more than a year, and that 
it must be well looked after, it b.-ii . ,| 1( . po ds are 

antities to dry them once a month. As a rule seed is 
sLeiie.i before sowing, but this is not alwavs done for sometimes 
one-seeded pods are picked out and .own. shelling is done if 
pMss,l,h. not more than five days before sowing, and requires 
gr-ar e;,re m order not to injure the seeds. Women perform the 
ling for seed is thrice that for 
shelling for commercial purposes. 

Sowing on unirrigated land is done between the middle of May 
and the middle of August, but ..•'■ 

-■■ On irrigated lauds the .owing does not as a rule 

commence till August and is continued till October. The 

'•■' d '^ :il ^ays ^n thickly. 911 or ,v,n as m.i.-h as 112 lbs. 

* «** The seed is sown in the furrows made in 

-always hoed in. and the fi,i |. 

: 
growth and watered in January or ,arlie, it „. ,,^ arv . In one 
nearer to'thes'oiL 8 ' 0111 <° ^P 1 * down the stems to bring them 
The crop i 

forage is scat- 
ploughed 
then plucl 

i^ngs^g- -K^h-n : sns?B 

S un t ,n een S atl \ ered on unirrigated land the soil be not 

wS nn« * th 7 r r" ,1 ' ,,IIS Wi-k-d. it is said that the seed 

purposes. g S ° Wing th ° Ugh % ood eno "g h for other 

■ at the rime of harvest causes the seeds to germinate 

" ,'■ : ' -■ " : - / - '■ • - -. .- . .-•,-■ 

some paI" 8 on ir l? r d " e the P ods is in use in 

PartS 0n lr »gated ground. The ground, which must be 



ploughed and then tic 



!".VMOn ,, M : ;Vr:./m^.Vmvl 



{ the W' i; lu- 



. is, while the cost of 
cultivation has been but slightly reduced." 

Undoubtedly Araehis h>ii>n t j,nt is a most exhausting crop. 
Cultivators in America know long ago that their st cond crop was 
less vigorous than the first and drew the rows closer together; 
but the exhalation of the soil lias been allowed to reach the 
extreme above depicted. Under these conditions the trade is 
maintained as it is, chiefly by the rax on imported nuts. 

The yields obtained in the United States are far ex, 

rhe tropic-. Subba Kao _'iv..- the upp.-r lunir for 
Madra, as "..OIK. lbs. to the aero. According to the same writer. 
in the season of 1892-W. under very fa\< 

it reached 3,600 lbs. to the acre on uuirrigated land, but the nmsr 
common yields ranged between 180 and 720 lbs., i.e., ?v>-30 
bushels. 

In Semler'fl T, ■>< > tcht Ag% I i the yield 

in the Argentine is given as about 1,2~>0 lbs. to the acre. 

: : 

the acre (Mueller, Select Extra-lm,,. I'/.. ,,.i. '.». p. .»<> 

and Bois (Potcojer <r»» C»rieu.r, Paris, 1m»n p. :>2j give the yield 



198 

in Senegal as 2,000 kilogrammes per hectare, i.e., 1,780 lbs. per 
acre. In his experiments in South France, mentioned earlier, 
M. Chaise obtained the large yield of lVJoo kilogrammes per 
hectare or about 1,960 lbs. (Heuze, op. cit., p. 131>). 

Experiments have been tried in Florida with this plant on 
irrigated land, but the yield is not known to us. 

One thing is very evident, that the size of the crop depends 
largely upon intelligent cultivation. 

Tlif yield of haulms per acre is given by Subba Rao (I.e., 
P. -17->) as L ton per acre, by Handy for the United States as 1-2 
tons per acre. 

Concluding Remarks. 
We have followed the history of Arac/iis h}ii>t><j(.ea from its 
discovery by the early colonists of the Now World 'to the present 
time, and have seen reason for tracing its appearance in Africa to 
the I'onuguesr, who traded on the Guinea Coast; we have noted 
its early and obscure history in Asia, and have seen how wit lei v it 
is now acclimatised, and what a great part of the world is capable 
"t producing crops of it; even in Central Europe this is possible. 

Then, when the scarcity of olive oil demanded a substitute, 
France holding the chief trade in oil-seeds not only came forward 
as the market for ground-nuts, but her settlements ohiained the 
export trade, and Gambia, Senegal, Pondicherry, and in a measure 
Algiers, prospered by it. Our neighbouring English possessions 
were not long in following suit, British Gambia gaining by prox- 
imity to the French settlements, and Madras profiting through 
■iy. The rapid growth of the trade was most marked. 
At first West Africa supplied Europe, then nuts came from India, 
and even China and the Argentine, and now in addition there is 
an increasing importation from the Mozambique co „t ; the latt.-r 
grows, while from the competition. 

Marseilles, from the first the chief market for ground-nuts in 
Europe, and still chief, despite the growing trade of HamKurg, 
London, Rotterdam and Genoa, is undergoing a crisis in its oil 
trade, and this, because of its connection with the decreased 
to I i. th.„ of India (see p. 186), demands our attention. 

Since 1894 the importations of oil-^ds i, v Marseilles have 

fallen ; in 1897 41 per cent. (16 out of 39) of the oil mills of the 

< dosed, and the report for 1898 (d,,,,,^,- linvhi de h, 

~> Us as that the condition of the oil 

- growing less hopeful. The difficulty of obtaining 

d the market 

with American cotton-seed oil are cited as causes. In fact the 

competition not only in regard to cotton-seed oil, but in other 

oils, and with Knrou. ,M p„n>. has proved too severe for Mar^dh- 

Year after year the price offered for raw material has been reduced 

m order to meet the falling price of the oil. With other oil ** ■■ I B 

I nuts, which 

-d at 49 francs per 100 kilogrammes, in 1S9S >t I -n 

tabl t m 8n had been a8 l0W aS 22 * (Corner AVW„, LS9.S, 



with the 



undoubtedly to the deterioration of the crops dn 
of the soil. On p. J ','7 it was pointed out how- 
wears out the land. No wonder considering the 
material taken off in the harvest! As the farm 
have been forced to recognise, land which once yielded ">0 i - u s 1 1 * ■ 1 > 
per acre presently grudgingly produces 20, and so to 
successive crops of the Indian ryot. 

Freight has operated against the export trade of Indk 
the considerable addition of bulk made by the husk 
has shelled his produce before shipping it, and that 
fungi and bacteria thereupon commence their rava 
broken kernels, producing deterioration which, im 
Marseilles prices, is expressed in the following ta 
calculated from data in tin- (.'-//////' , Ivit'ln for IN'. 1 *, am 
Lag that the husk removed takes 23 per cent, from the i 



Mn 



in/,; 







Estimated cost 












Year. 


,,_.,, 


decorticated 


Decorticated. 


1875 


\u 


£3 


38 




34 






1878!!.' !!! !!! !!! 


S' 5 


g!jj 


39 




36 






1881.!! !!! !!. 








1882 


325 


422 


31 


1883 
























i88«!!! !!! !!! ... 




29-2 




1887 








1888 






28-5 


IS'". !!! !!! !!! 


255 


III 


28-5 


i89i!!! !!! !!! !!! 


27. 


351 


28-5 


IS'!! !!! !" !! 


22° 


28-6 


27' 


i>iit!!! !!! !!! !!! 


17-5 


22-7 


22-5 


1895 


18-5 


24 








234 








28-6 


30 


*"*" 


225 


292 


30 



The cake resulting from the expression of seed, mr 
I-v futmi and bacteria is, like the oil, rancid, and it. as is probably 
the fungi again 1— . it ;h< :n- i\- -alt- :a \pression, loses its valuable 
-riruents by degrees. " Ritthausen and Baumann have 
shown that a great loss is caused by fungi in other oil-cakes ; 
e.g., two samples of rape-seed cake containing 10"53 and 8'5 per 



Here lies the reason why cake from Indian seeii is more or less 

I in. ivasiny w, i-ht ],, t ll n_ water (p. 1 I?') 01 o! 
lie nuts by flooding the land (p. t'.»7 ) or the storage which may 
>e necessary between the slu-llimr and shipment cannot but be 
etrimental. 

Obviously, then, the sooner the crop finds its way into the oil- 
ail ^ the better the oil and the cake. The short voyage between 
or Senegal and European pons is greatly in favour of 
' t the existence of oil mills in India, in China, 
i in the Zambesi delta, all places with an 
ndicares the possibility of the extension of 
res of production, 
nand for the' oil appears from statements to 



in this direction. Tie- big importation of uiid.-c.rti.-at.-d "Tomid- 
|ims imo Marseilles in IS'.I.S (p. 1.S7 ) while showing the demand, 
is probably an effect of this. 

The Chamber of Commerce of Pondicherry aware of the 
decrease in their trade— for not only has the acreage under the 

■ i , : : 

has been diverted to other ports— has commenced to experiment 
by the introduction into India of new seed ; and the Government 
of M eras is moving in the same direction. It has been noticed 
that fields sown with seed imported from the Mozambique coast 
::s while neighbouring crops sown 
with Indian seed have been very poor. More experiments are 
needed; i u the absence of any certain estimate of the relative 
values of different races it is impossible to foretell what the 
results will be. 

I. HENRY BTJRKILL. 



II.-MISCELLANEOUS NOTES. 

Mr. John Mahon formerly a member of the ga 

<>t the Royal l; (;t aiH< .,, den. and late Forester ut.i 
Central Africa Protectorate (Knr Bullr/hi, 1S".>7, p. '2 
of Kew, by the 



., v^, V1J .^ it^uiuiiiejuiucion or Kew, 

' ' :-. Assistant Curator of 



Entebbe, Ugand 



M ;. ALFRED EVANS, 



the gardening staff of the 



Botanic Gardens, has been appointed on 

As e sitnt n Cu rato eW f $ ^ ^^ ^BteVrVWl 
Assistant Curator of the Botanic Station, Aburi, Gold Coast. 



" Mr. John Reader Jackson, A.L.S., who for 
years has been keeper of the Museum- of Keoi 
Hoianic Card ens, Kew, has now retired, on S, 
known authority on economic hotany being 
official life. During his Ion- |,oriod of service 
have increasedlargely in usefulness ami popuk 
nucleus formed by (he late Sir William Hook 
eo]i>icieral>ly augmented !>y products from e;n 

affording an immense addition to tlic m 



;■ ' 


. Museum. } 




with Professo; 




Keeper of tile 




service three <1 


have held 


office. To tl 


Mr. Jackson officially he 






Kew to' So 


nth Devon, an 



which he has contributed to various publications. Mr. 
is suc«..-.l,,l l.\ Mr. J. M^t.-r- Ildlier.'uho has been ass 
Mr. Jackson for twenty-two years, and the vacancy ca 
Mr. II Hi i - nron > <<u has b< m till 1 h\ tin tppoint 
Mr. J. H. Holland, who recently retired from the servic 
Southern Nigeria Protectorate, where he was Curator 
Botanic Station at Old Calabar." 



Dr.F.MTL PRETSCHNEIDER.— The death of this eminent Km 

sinensis, Hemsl.); but it is only since then that we have f«, 
some particulars of tin- earlier part of his active career. He 
born at Riga in 1833, and died at St. Petersburg <»n May 12, 1 

Russian Embassy at Teheran from Lx/i-f'o, when lie went in 
same capacity to Peking, where he remained until he was ] 
sioned in 1884. Dr. Bretschneider's correspondence with I 
began about the year 1880, and he sent dried plants from tim< 
time, including a good set of his herbarium from 

e.g. The extent of this collection may be estimated 
from the frequency with which his name occurs in the Index 
/•/„•, sinen.< <. But Dr. Ihvtschneider was more a man of letters 
and lingui-* his researches embraced 

_ ■ . , .. : ! ;. . . 
were mostly published in English. Among his work- - |] 



202 

interesting to botanists and pharmacologists we may name : On 

the Stiahj awl Valor ,,f Ch< '»<■,,■ Ih./aonat W»,'h*, 1*711; £'"'/.'/ 
Knr-, r m, /,'rs, ore/, r< rot'' fh>- Fh<m ,f t'hnia. 1>*L ; Botanicon 
Sittii'Uhi, 1**"J : ami Histut'u of European Bofao/raf Di'seorerie* 
in Ghma, 1898. The last is a monumental, large octavo, work of 
I.I 67 pages, with a map of China in four sheets — the best extant. 
This " History " is of the greatest value to botanists and horti- 
culturists alike, as it contains \vrv full particulars of collectors 
and their journeys, collections, living and dried, as well as of 
descriptions an«l illustrations, with place of publication. An 
uuen-tinu letter from Dr. 1 ir>-tsehneid r r. 'latin-' to this puMica- 
tion appeared in the Bulletin for 1898, pp. 313-317. 



Botanical Magazine for September— A>/>A ,/>/,-/,/, osmanthum is 
a handsome species, with fragrant flowers which last about two 
months. The Kew plant was purchased from Messrs. Sander & Co., 
.-„d tic species from I'.ra/il. The exceedingly pretty 
TrU Taori, bulbs of which were received from Mr. Siehe. of 
Mersina, is a native of alpine pastures in the Eastern Taurus, 
growing at elevations of 4,500 to 6,500 feet. It is allied to 
1. sieuophi/lhi, figured on plate 7734. Oxalis dispar is a new 
•iuiana, closely resembling O. Lauren!, e and 
O. Noronhce. Its flowers are golden \ellow, and about an inch 
across. This plant also was procured from Messrs. Sander <t Co. 
L/ipatiens Thomsoni, the commonest sub-alpine species of the 
genus in the Western Himalaya, was raised from seeds received 
from J. F. Duthie, Esq., B.A., P.L.S., in 1900. It is described as 
;t very attractive plant, from the abundance of its rose-coloured 
flowers amongst the deep green foliage, followed by the red, 
drooping pods. Arctot -v, if ul new species from 

nl, was grown in the garden of W. E.Gnmbleton, Esq., 
of Belgrove, Queenstown, Ireland. Its stout peduncles are from 
eight inches to a foot high, with flower-heads three inches in 
diameter. 



Botanical Ma w 

d forests in the Fiji Islands, whence some living 

sent to Kew in 1881 by the late Sir J. H. Thurston. 

K.L.M.G. The plant from which the drawing was made flowered 

Its height to the top of the 

crown of large pinnatisect leaves is 24 feet. The supporting 

roots emitted from the base of the trunk are spinous. Hah, nana 

!'"' ; '" ■■■■• '■ ey discovered in the Botletle Valley, Ngami- 

: r V. D. and Li. m. ]■;. .1. Ij^ard, who presented some 

tubers to Kew. It has two large orbicular leaves adpressed to the 

ground and racemes of numerous white flowers, of which the 

petals are divided to the base into two and the lip into three long 

slender segments. The very slender spur is five to six inches 

tg plant, havine small 

semi-orbicular leaves and small yellow capitula. It has been 



203 

grown at Kew for many years, and its native country is believed 
to be South Africa. Calorhabdos cauloptera is a Chinese Scrophu- 
lariaceous herb with ovate-lanceolate leaves and terminal spike- 
like racemes of small red-purple flowers. Seeds of this plant 
were received from Dr. Henry in 1896. Calorhabdos is a small 
genus closely allied to Veronica, differing, among other characters, 
in having all the leaves alternate. Bubus palmatus, a native of 
Japan and China, is a climbing shrub with five- or six-lobed 
sharply-toothed leaves and white flowers, the petals of which are 
elliptic — an infrequent occurrence in the genus. The drawing was 
made from a plant obtained from Messrs. James Veitch & Sons 



Botanical Magazine for November.— Musa oleracea, from New 
Caledonia, is the only known species having an underground 
tuber, by which the plant may be propagated in the same wav as 
the potato. The tubers are full of starch, and when cooked in 
various ways are used as food by the natives of New Caledonia. 
The introduction of this plant to Kew is due to Mr. W. Souttor, 
Superintendent of the Gardens of the Brisbane Acclimatization 
Society. Senrriu nna/tn/ir,,, is a tall, stout glabrous und.-i-l.nib, 
with usually oblong-lanceolate toothed leaves and moderately large 
low flower-heads. It is a mountain plant of Victoria 
and South Australia. Seeds were received from J. H. Maiden, Esq., 
F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Garden, Sydney, in LS'.W, and 
plants raised from them flowered in the Temperate House in 
October, 1900. Liparis tricallosa is a terrestrial orchid from the 
-M:d:i> ]'■ nn-n.i ,\A -L. Si. In A: .-hi j , l ;u ,,. h\v-i di-eoveivd 
by Mr. F. W. Burbidge, it was introduced into cultivation by 
Mr. W. Bull, of Chelsea, in IX7'.». The specimen figured was 
presented to Kew, when in full flower, by the Right Honourable 
Joseph Chamberlain in June, 1900. Trrmria Chloris was dis- 
covered by Mr. F. C. Lehmann in moist woods on th 
slope of the Andes of Colombia at elevations of 4,800 to 5,500 feet 
The L r enils , whirh ;_ ;llli ,,[ ;il , .. , compliment 

to Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart,, who commits 
from which the drawing was prepared. Syringa oblata, a native 
- c North China, is very closely allied to S. vulgaris, 



bably, Professor Sargent says, only a geographical variety of that 
species. The Kew plant, which was obtained from Mr. Lemoine 
of Nancy, flowered in the Temperate House in April of the 



Work at Jodrell Laboratory in 1901 :- 

Boodle, L. A.— Comparative Anatomy of Hyn 



. XV., December, l'.MU.) 



Brown, H. T., and Escombe, P.— Assimilation of Carbon in 

Green Plants. 
Butler, E. J.— Biology of Pythium. 
Fritseh, F. E — Systematic Position of Plagiopteron. 
Anatomy of Elaeocarpus. 
Algae of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 
Hill, T. G. — Anatomy of Stem of Dcdbergiu paniculata. 
(Ann. Bot., Vol, XV., March, 1901.) 



Massee, G., and Salmon, E.— Researches on Coprophilous 
Fungi. (Ann. Bot., Vol. XV., June, 1901.) 

Pearson, H. H. W.— Researches on Fibre-plants. 

Scott, D. H.— Struct uiv ami Atlinities of Fossil Plants from 
Palaeozoic Rocks. Part 4. On the Seed-like Fructification 
of Lepifhx-arpuH, a venus of Lycopodiaceons Cones from 
the Carboniferous Formation (Phil. Trans. B., Vol. 194, 
1901.) 
Primary Structure of certain Palaeozoic Stems with the 
Dado.vylou Type of Wood (communicated to Royal 
Society of Edinburgh). 
On a primitive Tvpe of Structure in < 'uhiniites. (Ann. Bot., 
Vol. XV., December, 1901.) 

Worsdell, W. C— Contributions to Comparative Anatomy of 
dynukirear. (Trans. Linn. Sec., :2nd Ser. Bot., Vol. VI., 

' Ct'i>l,((h)taxus. (Ann. 

r asciil;ir Structure of the 'Flowers' of the dnHncme. 
(Ann. I'.or., Vol. XV., December, 1901.) 



INDEX. 



-(Eualoe) Lastii, Baker, 135. 

- lu^ardiana, Baker, 135. 

- somalh-nsis. C. //. HV/^, 135. 



H.ra hians, Bitrktf/. 142. 
I'.nl.-tus Ridleyi, Massed, 154. 
Bombay Presidency, Flora of, 
173. 

B.ranieal Magazine, SI, S2, 113. 



171. 17 



Arachis hvpogaea, 175. 
Arctotis Gumbletoni, 202. 
Argentina, fungus from, 168. 

uracil lima, il >■■<!> ,/. 

143. 
Arilin.si)l.-ii frau-rnus, N. E. 

Brown, 132. 
Asia, Russian, L'ungi from, 150. 
Asparagus longipes, Baler, I'M. 
Asplenium (Euasplcnium) ■ ■t'nl- 

ense, Baker, 137. 



Saker,lU. 



- (Euasplenium) ruwenzoriense, 
Baker, 137. 

- (Anisogonium) Wallisii,/?r<Arr, 



Asterina Systei 
160. 



, Ma.w,; liUJ. 



Brown, 120. 
Bnlbophyllnm grand! Hon 
Bulgaria turbinata. Mitss>, 
Burkili, I. H., Ground- 



- ■ 

G 1 ape Flora, 173. 

Caralluma torta, X. K. Br»wn. 

142. 
Carnegie, Hon. David, death of, 

169. 
Casse, A. E., 111. 
Cassipourea schizocalyx, C. H. 
Wright, 122. 

- . : ; i . 

Catasetumquadrid.-us. &>!/>; Uy 
Cerion, Massee, gen. nov., 159. 



Cerion coccineum, Massee 

Rnrlurt)/, 159. 

Ceropegia perforata, N.E. Brou 



Brown, 128. 
Chailletia cymosa, 99. 

thee (Adiantopsis) trifur- 
cata, Baker, 144. 
Chelonopsis rnoschata, 172. 
Chinee tree, gutta percha from, 



— ormthopi.. ! . 

'"ii Cumsii. //. //. II'. 
Pearson, 142. 

data, N.E.Brown, 121. 

— Galpini, X. E. Brou;,, 122. 
Coelogyne Veitchii, 114. 

( : ■ ) 1 1 v h i a o 1 i vacea, Massee, 161. 
'othecum Acanthophylli, 



• . i 

80. 
Curator, appointment of new, 169. 



mega- 



Dendrobium (§ Pedilonum) 
puniceum, Rolfe. 146. 

— quinarium, Rolfe, 147. 

— spectabile, 81. 
Dendryphimn effusum, Massee, 

167. 
Diagnoses Africans?, 119. 
Dioelea (Pachylobium) 

carpa, Rolfe, 189. 
Dipcadi brevipes, Baker, 136. 
Diplodia Ochrosiae, Massee, 161. 
Disease, Leaf-curl (with plate), 

87. 

— Svcamore leaf -blotch (with 
plate), 88. 

Douglas, G., 111. 
Duncan, J. G., 111. 



'• . . 
114, 141. 

peltatum, Hemsleu, 
143. 
Epidendrum osmanthum, 202. 
Eucommia ulmoides, 89. 

." : 
Euphorbia calabarica, Burkill, 

133. 
Euryops floribundus, N. E. 

Brown, 125. 
Evans, A., 200. 

87. 
Exorrhiza wendlandiana, 202. 



Decades Kewenses, 138. 
Dendrobium (J Pedilonum) < 

tulitlorum, Rolfe, 146. 
— inaequale, Rolfe, 147. 



Faurea saligna, 83. 

Felicia lntea, N. E. Brown, 123. 

Fibres, reprint of papers on, 116. 

sis, 173. 
— of Bombay Presidency, 17:5. 

Tropica! . - .' 

Foster, E. W., 81. 
Fungi Exotici, 150. 
Fundus. Sou tli African locust 
(with plate), 94. 



1-Jo. 



Brycei, N. E. Bro 
ictum, N. E. Bro 



Gladiolus sulphureus, 173. 
Gleichenia (Eugleichenia) elon- 

gata, Baker, 137. 
Gloecalyx, Mas.w. iron, now, 1.15. 
— Kak'ori. Massee, 155. 
Gosling, C, Caa-eho, 173. 



Gmta poreha fro 



: C'hil 



itaginifolium, (7.#. Wright, 

nthosporium Coffee, Jfas- 



— , plants presented I 



• 



H>nerosporinm 

Jtfoasee, 168. 
Hibiscus Manihot, 82. 
Hillier, J. M., 201. 
Hippeastrum (Habranl 

folium, C. H. Wright, 144. 
Holland, J. H., 201. 
Hooker's Icones Plantarum. 11.".. 
Hoya snbcalva. Bark ill, 141. 

" "olia, C. //. U '"'.'/><'• 



119. 



, Afass^, 152. 
Hydnum pexatum, Masses, 157. 

Hymenocallis sehizostephana, 



Hyobanche Barklyi, iV. #. , 



FIysti»i\mgium affine, var. 

hire. Massee, 158. 
llysttM-itim vermiforme, 



Impatiens chrTsantha, 172. 

— Thomson!, 202. 

India, Cryptogamic Botanist foi 

80. 
— , fungi from, 15 1. 
Iris chrysantha, 172. 

— Tauri, 202. 

Irpex depauperata, Massee, l-~>7. 
Isaria acervata, Massee, 167. 



.iak,uM. .). R., 201. 

'•: 
1876-1900, 102. 
, 1901, 203. 



Kalanchoe Bentii, 114. 

. '.I'--. 

Kar-ehia Arher<w;> rmae, Massee 
et Rodway, 159. 

!\ ■• ■■".' 

of, 201. 

Kew Bulletin, delay in publica- 
tion, 81. 

f "Vegetable Fibres," re- 
print of, 116. 

«■ - 



Kew, Jodrell Laboratory 

in, 1876-1900, 102. 
— , , 1901, 203. 

— Library, presentations during 
1900,117. 

— Palace linden, 86. 

— , visitors during 1900, 81. 
Kniphofia longiflora, Baker, 134. 



Lachnaea passerinoides, N. E. 

Brown, 132. 
Laastadia insidiosa, Massee, 157. 
Leaf -curl (with plate), 87. 

I ■ ;i Brownii, Massee, 153. 
idus, Massee, 163. 
Lepiota Johnsonii, Massee, 161. 

icolor, Massee, 154. 
— tricolor, Massee, 1 54. 
Lhotskya ericoides, 82. 
Lihr.ifv. presentations during 

1900, 117. 
Linden, Kew Palace, 86. 
Liparis tricallosa, 203. 
Locust fungus, South African, 

(with plate), 94. 
Lonicera pyrenaica, 115. 

n tasmanicum, Massee, 

Lygodium Brycei, Baker, 138. 



Brown, 124. 
— pulvinaris, N. E. Brown, 124. 
Mahon, J., 200. 
Manettia bicolor, 115. 
Masdevallic 



Mesembryanthemum cala] 

forme, 115. 
Miscellaneous Notes, 80, 111, 1 



Museums, retirement of Keeper 

of, 201. 
Mycena sphserospora, Mas*>'\ 161. 



Natal plants, 85. 

Nectria verrucosa, Massee, 166. 

Neillia malvacea, 114. 

— Torreyi, 114. 



oticee, HI, 169, 170, 

171, 201. 
Orchids, new, 146. 
Ormonde House, 84. 
Ornithocephalus multiflorus, 

Bol/e, 149. 



<>Hii: 



■/,//,/. \ 



upes, 



Osteospermum glabrum, N. E. 
Brown, 125. 

r. A". K. Brmr,}, 13S, 



itea, 172. 
Paniaea tricallosa, Rolfe, 148. 
Passiflora capsularis, !S2. 
Pea-nut, 175. 
Pentas Wyliei, N. E. Brown, 1 2:;. 



156. 



,3fts. 



Peziza plic 

158. 
Phseopezia ochracea, Massee et 

Rod way, 159. 
Phoiioiu imlica. Massee, 151. 
Phoma sycophila, Massee, 156. 

am alpinnm, N. E. 

Brown, 128. 
Pilobolus pullus, Massee, 160. 

■ I'-hnsnnii, Mass,, , \u~. K 
1'1-e iiiivhus albocceruleus, X. E. 

Pleurotua macilentus, Ma8» e, 161. 
— membranaceus, Master, h'd. 
Polypodium (Goniophlebium) 

Bangii, Baker, 115. 
Poiypm-us Hnllnmlii, Massee, 163. 
is Gleadowii, ilf<m<?e, 

152. 



— subvestita, iV. E. Br<»r„, Y.V1. 
Psailivra nana, Massee, 152. 
Psilocybe ci^lna, 3/tmee, 162. 
Pterospermum Proteus, Burkill, 



Rodway, , Rht> -lu.lrndiv'ii ciliiralyx, lr2. 

' Rhopalandria lobata, G. H. 
Writ/Id, 119. 
Rhytisma acerinum (with plate), 

Rosa fedtschenkoana, 115. 

— Seraphinii, 114. 

Rosellinia echinata, Masses. 155. 



Randia purpureomaculata, G. H. 

Wright, 123. 
Research in Jodrell Laboratory, 

1876-1900, 102 ; 1901, 203. 
Rhamphicarpa montana, X. E. 

Brown, 129. 
Rhinocladium corticolum, Massee, 

153. 



Sulvia Hurcliellii. X. E. Urnim, 



1-27. 






N. E. Brown, 128. 
Secotium Rodwayi, Massee, 158. 
Senecio magnificus, 203. 

— viscidus, X. E. Brown, 124. 
Sophora (Eusophora) Bakeri, G. 

B. darhe.YM. 
South Africa, fungi from, 168. 

— African locust fungus (with 
plate), 94. 

:t. date cultivation in, 
85. 

153. 

;:<>ra. A*. E. Brawn, 
131. 

— parilis, .V. E. Brown, 131. 
Stapelia nobilis, 115. 
Stilbum albipes, Massee, 167. 
Straits Settlements, fungi from, 



170. 

Sycamore leaf -blotch ( W 
88. 

i dq Cameronii, X. E. 
Brown, 133. 
Syringa oblata, 203. 



Trek oxen in Transvaal, ] 

poisonous to, 99. 
Trevoria C Moris, 203. 
Trogia hispida, Masses, Lfi2. 
Tropical Africa, Flora of, 82. 
Tulbaghia campanulaia. A 

Brown, 136. 



'Vegetable Fibres,' reprint of, 

116. 
Veronica glauca, 114. 
Vigna nuda, N. E. Brown, 121. 
Visitors during 1900, 81. 



Wellby, Capt. M. 



Uromvces Bolusii, Mass/'?, ]{]s. 
Ursinia alpina, N. E. Brown, 12i 
Ustilago 

Roclway, 160. 



ROYAL GARDENS, KEW. 



BULLETIN 



MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



APPENDIX I.— 1901. 



LIST OF SEEDS OF HARDY HERBACEOUS PLANTS 
AND OF TREES AND SHRUBS. 



HERBACEOUS PLANTS. 



Acaena glabra, J. Emit. 
macrostemon, ZZW,. ./'. 
microphylla, Hook. f. 

mvriophvlla, I.in'll. 
Xcvao-Zeahuuliao. Kir/. 
o\;ili folia. finis «{■ Vnv. 
San-'uisorl>ae, Vnhl. 



,;,.rl,n. II7/A7. I^.hyllum, H',,//. 

->.« Lyc-ctontun /, 

ligustica, ^1«. paliuatum, D. Z*m. 

macrophylla, £. ! reclinatmn, A. Gray, 

7101—1375—11/1900 Wt81 D&S 2» 



spleutUms, Chn.<1. 



maritimum, Lam. 
minimum, tyiild. 
podolicum, Bess. 
pyrenaicum, Lap. 



Ammobium ; 
Ammophila 8 



::.';:;;: 



ricea, Lag. 



Anaphalis nubigena, DC. 

Aiiastarica hierochuntica, 



ica, Retz. 
officinalis, L. 




Andropogon cirratus, Hark. 

Androsace tiliformis, Retz. 
lactiflora, Fisch. 


| Aquilegia a 


Andrrala varia, Lone. var. 
aprica. 


-'var!"] 


Anemone alpina, L. 

blanda, Schott. <k Kotsth. 
Halieri, All. 


! ~H 



Aquilegia, cant. 


Arnoseria pusilla, Gaertn. 


olympica, Boiss. 




thalictrifolia, Srhott t 




Kotschy. 


annua, L. 


vulgaris, L. 




— var. atrata, {Koch). 


camphorata, Vill. 






Arabis albida, Stev. 


lanata, Willd. ' 


alpina, L. 


ludovieiana, Nutt. 


arenosa. Scop. 




bellidifolia, L. 


VAvViftov*, Buch-Ham. 


hirsuta. Scop. 


pectinata, Pali. 


Holboellii, Hornem. 


rupestris, L. 




scoparia, Waldst. & Kit. 


Stelleri, D< '. var. japonic;*. 


sk-versiana, Ehr/t. 


Aralia cacbemirica, Deem. 


Arum italieum, Mill. 


cordata, Thunb. 






Asarum ruropat'iun, L. 




Hartwegii, S. Wats. 


Archangelica littoralis, At/ardh. 
officinalis, Hoffm. 


Asparagus officinalis, L. 




Asperella Hystrix, Willd. 


Arctium ma jus, Bernh. 






Aaperula azurea, Jaub. & Spach. 




cynanchica, L. 


Arenaria aretioides, Portrasdd. 


galioides, Bieb. 


balearica, L. 


longiflora, Waldst. & Kit. 


Bauhinorum, Benth. & 


taurina, L. 


Hook./. 


tinctoria, L. 


capillaris, Poir. 




fasciculata, Gouan. 


Asphodeline !iburnii..-a, Itciehb. 


gothica, Fries. 


lutea, Reichb. 


graminifolia, Schrad. 




— var. multiflora. 


Asphodelus albus, Willd. 


gypsophiloides, L. 


fistulosus, L. 


laricifolia, L. 




pinifolia, Bieb. 
serpyllifolia, L. 


A.-tt-i- ,iipinus, L. 

acris, L. var. punctata. 


Argemone grandiflora, Sweet. 


acuminatum, Michx. 


hispida, .4. Gray. 


altaicus, Willd. 




Amelias, L. 




angustus, Ton: A Gray. 


nin. Sari. 


dahuricus, Benth. 
Herveyi, A. Gray. 


Armeria argyrocephala, Wallr. 


lading, nsis. f)arr,/a. 




majelleusi*, Boiss. 




plantaginea, Wiild. 


longifolius, Lam. 


pungens, Hoffman. <{• Mr 




wehvitschii;/?,;/.;,'. 


runusliiuiiVus. Wiahl. 


Arnica longifolia, Eaton. 


ptanni<-oideri,7'oV/'.«t.-(r/v/// 


Bachalinensis, A. Gray. 


puniceus, L. 

— var. lucidulup, .1. Gray 



Cheiranthos, Vill. 



Brevoortia Ida-Maia, Wood. 
Briza media, L. 



, Lindl. 
grandiflora, Smith. 
Henderson i. .V. 1 1 './/.v. 
ixioides, .V. T-FWAs-. 
lactea, & TfV/.fe. 
multiflora, ife/?//,. 
uniflora, Baker. 

Bromus adoensis, Hochst. 
biwiaristatus, Buck I. 
brizaeformis, FisrJ,. a 
carinatus, Hook. & An 

< •rectus,' Huds. 

Kalraii/.d. Vim//, 
macrostachys. /W 
madritensis, L. 
, Dm/. 



mollis, L. 



rnbens, L. 
sterilis, L. 
Tacna, Steud. 
tectorum, L. 
unioloides, H. B. & K. 

Browallia viscosa, H. B & 1 

Bryonia dioica, Jacq 



Bulbinella Hookeri, 
Htjok. f. 
— var. latifolia. 



Bupleurum aristatum, Burtl. 
aureum, Fisch. 
Candollei, Wall. 
gracile, DC. 

protractum, Hoffmgg. & Lk. 
rotundifolium, L. 



Caccinia Btrigosa, Boiss. 
Cakile maritima. Sm r . 



alpina, Lam. 
Clinopodium, Be nth. 

errand i flora, Monrch. 
officinalis, Mortich. 

Galandrinia grandiilora. Liadl. 

Menziesii, Torr. & Gray. 

pilosiuscula, DC. 
Calceolaria mexicana, Benth. 
Calendula arvensis, L. 

microphylla, Lange. 

noeana, Boiss. 

officinalis, L. 

suffruticosa, Vahl. 
Callirhoe pedata, A. Gray. 
Cailistephus hortensis, Cass. 
Calotis cuneifoiia, R. Br. 



Calystegia silvatica, Choisy. 
Camassia Cusickii, S. Wats. 

esculenta, Lindl. 

Fraseri, Torr. 

Leichtlini, S. Wats. 
Camelina sativa, Crantz. 



carpatica, Jacq. 

— var. pelviformis, Hort. 

cervicaria, L. 




Carex alopecoidea, Tua 
aquatilis, WaMnb. 
axillaris, Good. 



decomposita, Muhl. 
depauperata, Good. 
divulsa, Good. 
flava, L. 

— var. lepido 
(Tausch). 



lpinoidea, Michx. 
i acanthifolia, All. 



■ 



Cenia turbinate, Per 

Centaurea arnericam 



Charieis heterophylla, 
Cheiranthns Gheiri, I 

Chelidonium franc 

Pram. 
mains, /.. 



nigra, L. 

nigrescens, Willd. 

— var.vochinensis (/>/„/,. 

pulcln-a, DC. 



Bonii>-II. 
Botrys, L. 
ficifoliuin, Sm. 
foetidum, Srhrad. 
graveolens, W,lhl. 
polysperinuiu. /.. 
Quinoa, Willd. 



Chaerophyllum aromatic urn, L. 



lacustre, Brot. 
maiTui-kvlltun, Wnhht. A 
Kit. 

. i ' ■ '' 
liyconiB, t. 



- 



", •-. Wahl^tib. 
glauca, Pursh. 



Cochlearia alpina, Wats. 

danica, L. Corynephorn 



Cosmos bipinnatus, Car, 
Cotula eoronopifolia, L. 



pinnatifida, R. Br. 

Crepia alpina, L. 

blattarioides, 17//. 
Candollei, Sch. Bip. 
foetida, L. 
paludosa. Momrl,. 



< 'ii).li.-;i h.ii.-roiara, A if. 
Llavea, Lindl. 

Zimapani, Aforr. 

Cuscuta Epilinum, Weihe. 



Balansae, P. Gay. 
biflorus, Mill. 
cancellatus, Herb. 

chrysanthus, Herb. 
dalmatieus, Vis. 
hadriaticus, Herb. 



<-tus, Wif/d. 
i glomerata, i 



Malyi, Fifc 
nudiflorus, 6V«. 
pulchellus, ZTc/'A. 
Sieberi, &«#. 
susianus, Ker-Gawl. 
tommasimanus, Herb. 
vernus, All. 
zonatus, Gay. 

Crucianella aegyptiaca, L. 

Crupina vulgaris, Cass. 

Cryptostemma calendulaceum 
R.Br. 

Cucubalus bacciferus, L. 

Cucurbita Pepo, L. 

i Cyminuna, L. 



Delphinium Ajaci.s, Reich, 
brunonianxim, Boyle. 
cashmirianum, Royle. 
caueasicuru, ('. A. Ah 
decorum, Fisrh. <£■ M 
dictyocarputii. I)' '. 
elatum, L. 
grandiflorum, L. 
hybridum, Steph. 

orientale, /. Gay. 
palmatiHdum. DC. 
pictum, Willd. 
Requienii, DC. 
speciosum, Bieb. 
— var. turkt^tanK.uu 
Staphisagria, L. 



IVmaz.-i-ia Miai.-ea, Nt/tt). 

Deschampsia eaespitosa, Beau 
Desmodium canadense, DC. 
1 >iamhus arenarins, L. 



chinensis, L. 

cruentna, GHriseb. 
fiu'catus, Balb. 
giganteus, Urv. 

monspeasnlanus, £. 

pinifolius, Sibth. & 
plumarius, L. 



pungens, L. 
Requienii, Qrm 
Seguieri, Vill. 



euperbus, L. 
sylvestris, Waif. 
tener, Balb. 
Waldsteinii, Stemb. 

Diarrhena americana, Beau v. 






sifnara, J acq. 
tomentosa, Wahlenb. 
— var. frigida, Nym. 

Dracocephalum Moldavica, L. 
parviflorum, Nittt. 
peregrinum, L. 

Dryas oetopetala, L. 

Drymaria cordate, Willd. 

Drypis spinosa, L. 



Dictamnus i 

Digitalis a 
lutea, L. 
media, Roth. 

Thapsi, L. 

Dimorphotheca annua, Les 
hybrida, DC. 
pluvialis, Moench. 

Diotis candidissima, Desf. 

Dipcadi serotinum, Medic. 

Diplotexis tenuifolia, DC. 



Richards. 

Ecballium Elateriuin, .4. Rich. 

Eccremocarpus scaber, Ruiz & 
Pav. 

Echinaria capitata, Desf. 

Echinodorus ranunculoidt-. E,< - 

gebn. 

Echinops bannaticus, Rochel. 
globifer, Janka. 
microcephalus, Sibth. & Sm. 
niveus, Wall. 
sphaerocephalus, L. 
— var. albidus, (Boiss. & 
Sprun.). 



idiium, 117//,/. 
nium, TP/'/Ai. 
tarium, UUrrii. 



Dndonaei, Vill. 
glabellum, Forst. 
hirsutnm, L. 
Lauiyi, Schiilti. 
linnacoides, Hook, f 
luteum, P//r^. 
melanocaulon, /Zw/h 

nummularifolium,.4.<7//m; 
roseum, «7</W/. 
i-^marinifolium, Haenke. 
tetragonum, L. 

Epipactis palustris, L. 

Eragrostis Brownei, Nees 



Kl-.Mi-i,,!.-, 



dichotomum, Desf. 
ebracteatum, Lam. 
giganteum, Bieb. 



Kri^-ron alpinus, L. 
auranriaeus. R, ,,, /, 
bellidifolius. .1/,//,'. 
composite, Parslt. 



nodiflora, L. 
syriaca, Hart. 

Festuca arundinacea, Vill. 
bromoides, L. 
capillifolia, Du/our, 
duriuscula, L. 
elatior, L. 
— var. pratensis, (Huds.). 



ium Aparine, L. 
boreale, L. 
Mollngo, L. 
recurvum, Req. 



Gastridiuin australe, Beauv. 


(rU\- d , rnnL 


Gaudinia fragilis, Beauv. 


inicnmVh;..\vM'-/. 


Gaum Lindheimeri, Engelm. & 
parvitiora, Dougl. 

(ifinuui;i Audccwsii, Un'seb. 
crueiata, L. 


squarrosa. //*/,. <(■ . 

tricolor, Ben /A. 
| Gillenia trifoliata, Mome 
Gladiolus illyricus, Koch, 
Glancinm Romifinlatnm. i 



Kudivssi, (jnij 
incisuiu, Nu'tt. 



rival©, L. 

strictum, Ait 

densiflora, /■;.■>..-/,. 

dianth' . 

laciniata, R„ii d- / 



Helianthella q 


dm 


unitiora, Ton 


. & 


Mill. 
villosum, Thi 


sal 


argophyllus, j 


B, /, 



. Frirs. ' 
hupuMirnides, C. C. Gmei. 
composi turn, Lapey > •. 
eorymbosum, Fries. 



Heliotropiuui europatmm, L. 

Helipteruui tioribuiuluni, IX 
humboldtiaiumi. />< \ 
Uanglesii. F. Muell. 
microglossum. Tate 
polvgalifolium, DC. 
roseum, Benth. 
Troedeli, F. M»rll. 



Middendorfii, Tr 



pyrenaicum, Lam. 
Sphondylium, L. 
villosum, FiscJi. 





.limn. .1 


r.-Tonr 










.' L. vat- 




Jr^lci 


La ,,<)>■. 

m. /•>/><, 






e»v. 




|.;uiMmsui 












Hartm. 












All. ' 
rum. IF 


thht. A 


Kit. 








iin, L. 




- 


Fries. 





_■' In, Vasey. 

Hippocrepis multisilifju<>r-a. A. 

Hipptiris vulgaris, L. 

Holcus lanatus, L. 
mollis, L. 

Holoeteuin umbellatum, L. 



inulus 3aponicus,.S7' 7 >.<{■ Z"cc. 
— var. variegatus. 
Lupulus, L. 



tla barbata, Wall. 
bifrons, L. 
britannica, L. 
glandulosa, Puschfr. 
i-randiflora, Willd. 



anus, L. 

ttyle repanda, Per, 



tkapsoidt's. S /!>■>■) i (j. 
Ionopsidium acaule, Reichb. 
Ipomoea purpurea, Lain. 



"\\ inpi'.'um, , 
orientale, L. 
perforatum, / 
polyphyllum. 



! ■ 



neglecta, Horn. 
orientalis, Mill. 
setosa, Pall. 



■ '■\Y-)^;\\]~. 



J. ford.). 



Tbcris aniara, L. 



[satis |?lau.-a, 

umbellate, L. Isopyrum fu 

Illecebrum verticil latum, L, Isotoma axil 



glaucus, Sihth. 



cyaneus, C. Koch. 
filiforrais, Gay. 
Gorgoni, Pari. 



ioliusa, Horhst' 




Nissolia, L. 


Tuckii, Baker. 




Ochrus, DC. 
odoratus, L. 


Kochia seoparia, Schrad. 




palustris, L. 
polyanthus. R„i 


Koeleria albescens, DC. 




Blanche. 


crisrata, IWs. 
phleoides, Pers. 




polyphyllus, Xatf. 


■ , - ■ '..'.. 






Laetuca brevirostris, Champ. 




- -';":./.•..-.. 


muralis, E. Met/. 
Plnmieri, Qrm. & Chdr. 
saligna, L. 
sativa, L. 
Scariola, L. 
virosa, L. 




tingitanus, L. 
tnberosus, L. 

variegatus, On)), d I 


Lagenaria vulgaris, Ser. 




violaceus, Greene. 




Lai 


rentia tenella, .4. DC 


i canescens. ^ 7. >■'•// ,f- 






Jf<sy. 






iberiea. Fisch. d- Mey. 






peltata, Fisrh. d Mey. 




plebia, fir*»w. 


Lanrarckia a urea, Moench. 




trimeST^' 


Lamium album, L. 


Laj 


- /' '/v. <£ (j , 


Galeobdolon, Grants. 




glandulosa, Hook. & j 


purpureum, L. 




platyglossa, .4. Gray. 



Linaria, cont. 




peloponnesiaca, 


Boiss. 


Heldr. 








reticulata, De.sf. 




saxatilis, Hoffm, 


>/>/. il- /„// 


spartea, Hoff'mg, 


r/. <l- A///- 


striata, DC. 






wwa 


triphylla, .¥///. 




tristis, Mill. 




vulgaris, MUl. 




Lindelophia spectab 


ills, />///- 


LinumangastifdiiHi 


u, flW*. 



pvrenaica. /. 

Viscaria, L. 

Lycopersicumes< 

Lycurus phleoid. 

Lysimachhi hary: 



mongolica, i/< 
Malope trifida, Oa 



Melissa officinalis, L. 

Mentha Pulegium, L. 
rotunclifolia, Hud*. 
rubra, S>». 
sylvestris, L. 
viridis, L. 

Mercurialis annua, L. 

Mertensia sibirica, G. Don. 

Mesembryanthemum pomerid 

pinnatifidnm, L. 
pyropeum, Haw. 
tricolor, Willd. 

Meum Athanianticum, Jacq. 

Mibora verna, Bea'uv. 

Microseris attenuate, Greene. 

Mimulus cardinalis, Doug!. 
luteus, L. 
moschatus, Dough 

Mirabilis divaricata, Lowe. 
Jalapa, L. 
longiflora, L. 

Modiola mnlt\Ma,Moench. 

Molopospermum cicutariui 
DC. 

Monarda citriodora, Cerr. 
didyma, L. 
fistulosa. L. 

Monardella lanceolata, .4. On 

Monolepis trifida, Schracl. 

Moricandia arvensis, DC. 

Morina longifolia, Wall. 

Muehlenber^ia mexieana, Ti 
sylvatim, 7'orr. «[• Gra>/ 
Willdenovii, Trin. 

Muscari Argaei, Hort. 
armeniacnm, Baker. 
atlanticum, Boiss. <fr Be, 
comosum, Mill. 
compactum, Baker, 



Muscari, cant. 

Heldreichii, fim.<.<. 
latifolium, Kirk. 
neglectum. G"**. 



Myosurus minimus, L. 

Myi't'his i.(|oL';ita. Sro/i. 

pubescens, fir,,//,. 
versicolor, K. Mo 



, lh>n { /l. 

:a, Hois*. 



minutitlora, D. Dit 
noctnraa, Jacq. 
odorata, Jacq. 



]]von-r\, Iluiss. 
paradoxa, And<T: 



Ornithogalum arcui 
exscapum, Ten 
fimbriatum, W 



. atlanticum, Ball. 
somniferum, L. 
spicumm, Boiss. 



Paracusia Liliastnim. II 
Parietaria officinalis /.. 



Patrinia hispida, Ba 
villosa, Jtm. 

Peganum Harmala, 

Peltaria alliacea, Jot 



typhoideum, Rich. 
Pentstemon caih 



Petunia nyctaginiflora, Juss. 

Peucedanum aegopodioides. 
Vandas. 
cnidioides, Boiss. <fc Heldr. 
coriaceum, Beichb. f. 
graveolens, Beiitli. 
officinale, L. 

sativum, Benth. & H»„k. f. 
Schottii, Bess. 
Sowa, Kurz. 



loasaefolia. Tnrr. 
Parryi, Torr. 
rauaeetifolia, Bent 
viscida, Torr. 
Whitlavia, -4. (fro 

Phalaris canariensis, L 
. intermedia, Box. 

paradoxa, L. 

tuberosa, L. 

ricciardianus. 7V//< 
tuberosus. L<>>i,\ 
vulgaris, L. 

- 1 >erum, Jacq, 
Boehmeri, Wihel. 
pratense, L. 
Plilninis agraria, Bunge. 



(;■■</■. 

hth. A 



lunarifolia, Sibth. it 8m. 

setigera, Fair. 
tuberosa, L. 
umbrosa, Turcz. 
viscosa, Poir. 
Physalis Alkekengi, L. 
Francheti, Mast, 
peruviana, L. 
philadelphica, Lam. 

Physochlaina orientalis, G. Don. 

Phytcuma canescens, Waldst. & 

Halleri, All. 
Michclii, All. 
Seheuchzeri, AIL 
— var. Charmelii, Vill. 
scorzonerifolium, Vill. 

spicatum, L. 



Pieridium ringitanum, Desf. 
Picris echioides, L. 



Platyeo.ion ? randiflorum,.4.Z)a 

— var. Mariesii. 
Platyi3temoncalifomicus,i?«?/i//i. 
Plectranthus glaucocalyx, 



j Potentilla alchemil 
Lapeyr. 

alpestris, Ha//./. 



* Hn,th. 



angelicoides, 



.1 Kn,4i. Wall. i n epalen«H, Hon/,. 

Polemonium caei oleum, £. peduncular^, D. Dor 

N;i\ urn, irrctw pennsYlvanica, i. 

an i 3 B SrT' arachno 

pauciflorum. ft II afe. pyrenaica, i?«mo«d 

Polycarpaea latifolia, Po*V. recta, L. 

Polygonatum bifloruDi, Ell. — var. macrantha. 



rupestris, L. 
semi-laciniata, H", t. 



liinui. r niosiis. L. 
muricatus, L. 
ophioglossifoliuf 



Ramondia py» 



biformis, Langt . 

bueephalophorus, L. 
coiigfomeratns, Mur 

crispus, L. 



r:u'.luaoi-'a. V»-„U,. 
C«.liimb;inae. /,V„//,. 
glntinosa, L. 



Sambucus Eb 
Samolus Vale 



Saxifragra, cont. 

Sibthorpii, Boiss. 
stenoglossa, Tausch. 
taygetea, Hurt, (not Boiss. 

& Heldr.), 
tenella, Wltif. 
trifureata, Schrad. 
— var. cerat«.|)hylla, 

Dry and. 
umbrosa, L. 



S.-irpus (Jiirioes, Ibl :. 
Eriophoruni, Michx. 
Holoschoenus, L. 

polyphyllus, Vahl. 
sylvaticus, L. 
triqueter, L. 
Scleranthus aim mis, /.. 



Scabiosa 



, Bieb. 
Columbaria, L. 
Fischeri, DC. 
fumarioidea, Vis. &■ Pane. 
irramini Folia, L. 
gramuntia, L. 
integrifolia, L. 

hinrifolia, Lernat. 
lonszitolia, Wahht. <[■ Kit. 
macedonica, Vis. 
maritima, L. 
micrautha, Desf. 
orientalis, (L.). 
palaestina, L. 
plumosa, Sibth. <{■ Sm. 
prolifera, L. 
Pterocephala, L. 
succisa, L. 
rvihim-fnlia. Frivald. 



Scopolia lurida, Dun. 

Scorpiurua verniiculata, L. 

Seorzonrraaustriaca, Willd. ' 
latifolia. 

Scrophularia alata. Gitib. 
aquatica, L. 
clirvsantha, Jr/;/A. A Spo 



birta, Sibth. & Sm. 
Bcordiifolia, Fisch. 



- 

Schkuhria senecioides, N 
Seilla amoena, L. 

bifolia, L. 

festalia, Salisb. 

hispanica, MiU. 

Lilio-Hyaeinthus, L. 

peruviana, L. 

sibirica, Andrews. 
v«rna, Huds. 



Sedum acre, L. 
Aizoon, L. 
album, L. 
Ewersii, Ledeb. 
hispanicum, L. 
popiilifoliuni, Pall. 
pulehellum, Mirh.r. 
roseum, Scop. 



Selinum Carvifolia, L. 
Gmelini, Bray. 
vaginatum, G. B. Clarke. 



assimik, Scliott. 
bicolor, Hurt. 
Boissieri, Hurl. 
l..,!i;-iivauum, Billot 



Verloti, Lamotte. 

Senecio adonnlifolius, L>> 
campestris, DC. var 

tima, Si/ me. 
Cineraria, DC. 
diversifolius. Wall, 

elegans, L. 

Fetisowii, R^jfl. 
Hodgsoni, Hort. Kru 
japonicus. Sn',. B>)>. 
Kaempferi, DC. 
lautus, Sola ml. 
macrophyllus, Bieh. 



Siegesbeckia ( 
Silaus flavesci 



. /;,,•„ 



-li'- ;il]M>-iris, Jacq. 

Armaria, L. 

ciliata, Pourr. 
clandestine, Jacq. 
colorata, Pair. 
conoidea, L. 
cretica, L. 
Cucubalus, Wibel. 

'ihht. a Kit 



Serratula coronata, L. 

Gmelini. L- <!■!,. 
quinqu- 



Seseli annuum, L. 
elatum, L. 
gummiferum. Sm. 
Hip 



lipponiarathrum, L. 



longicilia, Otth. 

monachorum, Via. 
Muscipula, L. 
nocteolens, Webb. d< Be, 
noetiflora, L. 
nocturna, L. 



ohtusifolia, Willd. 




villosum 'willd. 








Otires, ,V///. " 
pendula,/,." 




Drmmiioidry^V/-.' 
elliptica, J/7. 


rubella, L. 






Sartori, tfo/s*. 






Saxifraga, L. 






Sehafta, f/„„7. 






sedoides, J acq. 






squamigera, Bolss. 






tanin.-a'. /'o-.. 


So 


ichua asper, 7////. 


Thorei, /),// " 




p!duSri^'^' 


val'lesi'a,'i. 


So 


ghum vol^re, Pere 


vesi^lifera! V /.V^y' 


Sp 


rganiam simplex, 22 


wol-vnsis. /,V.s'.s. 






Zawadskii, Herhirh. 


Sp 


rrina polystachya, 1 


Silphium im.-eitnlium. Mid,.,-. 


Sp 


xmlaria Calcata, A A) 






l.ybrida, A. DC. 


scaberrimuin, Ell. 




pentagonia, A. DC. 


trifoliatum, L. 




perfoliata, A. DC. 


— var. ternatum, Rets. 




Speculum, A. DC. 



' globulariac folia, De.sf. 



pt'U.lulil. A.lH'. 

Wanneri, Hmtf. 
Symphytum officinale, L. 



—*-»—»«"• Trifol i m L. 

icrium Arduini, />. alpestre. L. 

Botrys, L- angustifoltuni, L. 

armenium, FTtfltfL 



Trifolium, cont. 


Tritonia crocosmae 


Balansae, Bois*. 








diffusum, Ehrh, 




filiforme, L. 








-lomeratimi, L. 
liybridum, L. 


*» r 






leucanthum, Bid). 




Lupinaster, L. 




maritimum, Hmls. 




medium, L. 




iiiultisTriatum, Koch. 


prolifera, Scop. 


pannonicum, L. 




Perreymondi, (Urn. <l- 




Godr. 




physodes, Stet: 


Typha angoBtifolia, 


pratense, L. 


latifolia, L. 


rosscidum, Gruetn: 








resupinaturn, L. 




rubens, L. 




spumosum. L. 




fstellatum, L. 




striatum, L. 




tridentatum, Until. 


Urtica pilulifera, /,. 


Triglochin maritimum, L. 


— var. balearic 


palustre, L. 


tlnmbergiami,,S 


Trigonella cornieulata, L. 


Valeriana officinalis 


caerulea, Set: 




erotica, Boiss. 


(Mikan). 






ovalis, Boiss. 


Vale * lb " 


polycerata, L. 




suavissima, Li nil. 


deniaSfpo//.' 


Triiiium grandiflorum, Salisb. 


echinata, DC. 




f*rioearpa, Desr. 


Triuia Kitaibeli, Bie/j. 


olitoria, Poll. 




vesicaria, Moeru 


Triostfum perfoliatuin, L. 




■ 


Velezia rigida, 6, 


Sckultz. 


Vonidium fugax, lb 


Triptostegia gland ulosa, Wall. 


p.-rfohatum, Le 


Triticum Aegilops, Beau v. 


Vera tiride m 5/)! m ' l 


Verbascum Lychniti 


ovatum, Gren. & Gfodr. 




Spelta, L. 


olympicum, Bo 


violaceum, Ho mem. 
vulgare. ViU. 


phlomoides, L. 



Cluunafi.irvs, /.. 
exaltata, Maud. 
glauca, Sibth. A 

longifolia, L. 



Vicia HU-opurjjurea, Drsf. 



Wahlenbergia dalinatica, , 

gracilis, A. DC. 

Kiiaibflii. A. DC. 

lobelioides, Link. 

serpyllifolia, Hurl. A 
Wulfenia carinthiaea, ./>/< 



f ulceus, lititfi 
gigantea, Hoot 
graminea, Sm 



Xei-anthemum annuuin, L. 
\ Zauschneria californica, Pt 
I Zea Mays, L. 
; Zinnia haageana. licyel. 

Zi/iphoi i tenuior, L. 

Zygadenni elegans, Pursh. 



TREES AND SHIM Bs, 



fro 



i polifolia, L. 
s ericoides, DC. 



Heldreic 

hyivanm 
insigne, 



Ailanthus glandi 
Alnus cordifolia, 



Amelanehier alnifolia, NutL 
canadensis, Torr. &• Gray. 
vulgaris, Moencfi. 



oneaster acuminata, Liudl. 
affinis, Lindt. 
I.ac-illai-is, Wall. 
— var. floribunda, Hurl. 
Iuixii'uli;t. Wall. 
frigida, Wall. 



Ihrnc 
integerrima, Midir. 



ihvni'l 



biflorus, VHerit. 
ra pi ranis, .[acq. 
frivaldskyanus, JM/n 
monspessulanus, L. 
nigricans, L. 
praecox, Hort. 
purgans, Bois.s. 
purpureas, Scop. 
scoparius, L. 



ymirona, natter. 




Daboecia polifolia, D. , 


rei, Vauvi 
— var. macracantha, Di 


idle,/. 


Daphne Mezereum, L. 
Desmodium viridifloru 


Ons-Galii, L. 




Ueutzia crenata, Sub. , 


l.indL 




Diervilla hortensis, 
Zwc. 

sessilifolia, Uurhl. 


flava, Ail. 

■:-,, Fh'rgg. 

hiemalis, Langr. 
melanocarpa, Bieb. 
mollis, Scheele. 






Diospyros viryiniana. 






Dirca paluBtris, L. 


-iiint-a 




K</('tviiiorarpit,s .-eali./r, 



oxyacanthoiden, Tin 

pentagyna, Kit. 
pinnatifida, Bunge. 
punctata, Jar//. 

rivularis, Nutt. 
sanguinea, Vail. 
— var. eongarica. 
sorbifolia, Lange. 
tanacetifolia, Pert. 
h. 



Er.unvnius .'nivipa.'U-. /.. 
latifolius. Sm,>. 
thunbergianus, llhr,,, 

Exochorda Alberti, Regel. 

Fontanesia Fortuuei, Car 






Fothergil 



Hypericin Androsaemum. /.. 



nigra, Marsh. 
Gaultheria Shallon, Parish. 


prolificum, L 
Ilex Aquifolium, 


ia resinosa, Torr S: 
Gray. 

Genista aethnensis, DC. 


decidua' Wa 
glabra, A. Gt 
opaca, Ait. 



sagittalis, L. 

rinetoria. L. var. elatior. 

virgata, DC. 



Helianthemum canum, Dun 
formosum, Dana/. 
halimifolium. TI7///,. 
hirtum, Mill. 
polifolium, Pers. 
Yulg3.re,Gap/i}>. 

— var. mutabile. 

— var. rhodanthum. 

Hippophae rhamnoides, L. 

Hydrangea arborescens, L. 
paniculata, Si<>b. a- Zucc. 
petiolaris, SHeb. & Zucc. 
pubeseens, Decne. 






i fruticans, L. 



Juuiperus chinensis, L. 

excelsa, Bieh. 

Kalmia angn st i folia, /.. 
glauca, Ait. 
latifolia, L. 

i alpinum, J. & 
— var. biferuin, #„/ 
vulgare, J. S. Presl. 

Larix europaea, DC. 



Ledum latifolium, Ai\ 
palustre, L. 

Lespedeza bicolor, Ta 



vulgare, L. 

angnsti folia. 117/ 
depress. Rm/lc. 
glauca, Hill. 
himmi. A^/o». 
japnnira. Tltn„l>, 

Morrowii, A. Gr 
nigra, L. 

orientiilis, LatiK 
Periclymenum, , 
segreziensie, Lai 
Sullivantii.,!.^. 
syringantha, Ma 

XylosSm,'^^ 



rayimliu K.j! 
macrophj 

tripetala, 






lenispermuir 


canade 


use, L 


licroglo.8a 


ilbescen 


, a 



Myricaria germanica, ]h 

Neillia amnrensifl Be 
Hook./. 

opulifolia, P>.~„ //,.<■! 



californicus, Excliat 
catharticus, L. 
davuricus, Path 
Frangula, L. 
libanoticus, Boiss. 
purshianus, DC. 



communis, L. 
coronaria, L. 
Oydonia, L. 
deeaisneana, Xi> ■/«> I < . 
noribunda, Nichute. 
germanica, Honk./. 
intermedia, Ehrli. 
japonica, Thanh. 
lanata, D. Don. 
-... /» . 



flavum, G. Don. 
kewense, W. Wats. 
ponticum, L. 

— var. cheiranthifoliu! 

— var. lancifolium. 
punctatum, Andr. 
4uin<luefoIium, Hi***; 

Rhodotypua kerrioides, Sit 



Rhus aromatica, L. 
Cotinus, L. 
glabra, L. 
— var. laciniat* 
Osbeckii, DC. 
Toxicodendron, 
typhina, L. 



Michaoxi, Bowc 

nigra, Sargent. 

parviflora, Dm/. 
pinnatifida, Ehrh. 
prunifolia, Wilhh 
Ringo, Maxim. 
rotundifolia, Bechst, 



Hort. 

— var. tenuiflorum, Tori 
bracteosum, Dough 
cereum, Doagl. 

, Dough 

i, sU. ,[■ %,, 



Rosa acicularis, Li 



i.Msumi.is, 

Utltourhm, 
Bellardii, 



L'yinii...f;irp!», A r "/f. 

— var. triloba. 

involuta, S, fl . var. Wilso 



macrophylla, Liwll. 
Malyi, tfrnwrr. 
micrantha, Sm. 
microphylla, JRoxb. 

moschata, Mill. 
multifiora, Thunh. 

nutkana, PresL 
ochroleuca, Sw. 
pisocarpa, A. Gray. 
pomifera, Herrm.' 



foliolos 
glandul 



melanolaHii 



Radula, Weike. 
ramosus, Blox. 
rhamnifolius, Weih 

Noes. 
scaber, Wei he & Nee, 
suberectus, Anders. 
thyraiflorus, Wei he < 
thyrsoideus, Wimm. 
ulmifolius, Schott. 



.'Iliiii'" v- v-h- L 3,'" 



Sassafras officinale, Xe> 

Sinilax rotundifolia, L. 

Spartiuin junceum, L. 

Spiraea Aitchisom, FL , 
betulifolia. /'-//■;. 

canescens, D. Don. 
chamaedrifuli . L. 
discolor, Pmsh. 
Douglasii, Hoof;. 
japonica, L.f. 



Varciniumn 1 rv!, l i,.s, i ia. L. 
hirsutum, Bwlcl. 
OTOtum, Pursh. 



Veronica Traversii, 1 



dentatum, L. 
dilatatum, Thunb. 



Lantana, L. 

Lentago, L. 

molle, Michx. 

nudum, L. 

Opulus, L. 

phlebotrichum,67e&. dc Zuc< 



Vitis aestivalis, Mich 
heterophylla, Ti 
himalayana, Bn 
quinquefolia, Lam 

serianuefolb. M'< > 






Widdringtonia Whytei, Eendle. 
Zanthoxylum Bungei, Planch. 
Zenobia speciosa, D. Don. 
— var. pulverulenta. 



ROYAL GARDENS, KEW. 



BULLETi: 



MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



APPENDIX II.— 1901. 



IN the preface u, the ('ahihujuc ,,/ //,,■ 1/ihranj >>/ //,, /,',,,/,// 
Botanic Hardens, which was issued ae Volume III. of the 
Additional Series of the Kew Bulletin, it was stated that 

annual li.Ms of I'liunv additions would l,o published in the 



Library by gift or purchase during tin- year L'.KKJ, with the 
sets already catalogued. 

Like the Catalogue, the List is printed on one side of the 
page, to allow of its being cut up. It is probable that many 
persons and institutions will make the Kew Catalogue the 
basis of their own, and will use the lists of additions to supply 
printed slips for fresh titles. 

8168—1375—2/1901 Wt bl D&S 2i> 



CATALOGUE OF THE LIBRARY. 



Additions rtrriced during 1900. 



§ l.-GENERAL. 

Lieht-noin-aphiat' Sueeiae prodromus. 



Upsaliae, 1776. 4to. 

Adlers, Konrad August. Res,). See Areschoug, J. E. 18r>4. 

Aengeln, Petrus van. Der verst;mdi-v (4/irrner, etc. Nun zum 
ihl vermebrt mid ziuu secbstcnmahl Deurseh ansir*--- 
fertiget von G. GREFLINGER. Hanover, 1673. 12mo. 

Afzelius, Adam. De Rosis svecanis, 1-5, 10. Upsaliae, 1804-10. 
4to. Tentamen 1. resp. C. Stenhammar, ib., ISO* : 2. resp. J. J. 
RAEDBERG ib., 18D5; :\, res,,. 1). E. XAEZEX, ib.. 13(»6 : i. rrs /t . 
G. A. DRAKEXISERc. ib., 1Mb : 5. resp. A. A. AeZELIUS. ib.. l.M>7 : 

10. resp. P. H. Odhner, ib., 1810. 

Reliquiae Afzelianae, sistentes icones fungorum, quoa in 

Guinea collegit et in aere incisas excudi curavit A. AFZELIUS. 
Interpretatur E. M. Fries. Upsaliae, 1860. fol. 

Afzelius, Arvid August. Resp. See Afzelius, A. 1807. 



De Pilularia. Diss. . . . Reap. H. 

Agassiz, Alexander. See Andrews, E. C. 1900. 

Ahlm, Gustaf. Resp. See Areschoug, J. E. 1854. 

Albom, Sven Eric. Resp. Mus. nat. upsal., 19. See Thunberg, 



| Aiguren, bven. Reap. Mas. nat. upsal., 16. See Thunberg, 
Allgulin, Johan Magnus. Resp. See Retzius, A. J. 1808. 

Mus. nat. upsal., XL See Thun- 



Nils Johan. Cutuhrusn ,il,ji,h, Fr. Stockholm 
Andrews, Charles W. See Christmas Island. 



the Fiji Islands, with s 

upon surveys made for A. AGASSIZ. With an introductory n.,t.- 

by A. Akassiz. and a preface by T. W. Edgeworth DAVID. (Bull. 

Mus. <\>mpar. Zool. Harvard Cull., xxxviii.) < '.imbridge, Mass., 

Angelina, Nicolaus, Rm-hinisis. Bnjin* : Libri de re rustica a 
NlCOLAO ANGELIO vii-o consumatissimo nuper maxima dilL'entia 

m-ogniti et typis excusi, cum indiee & expositione omnium 
dictionum. ('atoms. \ai;ho.\is. Collumell.e. Palladii 

Florentise opera & impressa Phillipi Jl'NT.e. 1515. sm. 4to. 

Annee biologique, L'. See Delage, Y. 

Antwerp. Handelingen van het derde Vlaamscb Natuur — en 
Geneeskundig Congres gehouden te Ant wen 
1899. Antwerpen, 1899. Ito. 



mangerecci. [With illus- 
(Bull. 



Areschoug, Johan Erhart. I'm--*. Dispositio museorum t'rondo- 
uruui in Monte Kinm-kulh- iiaseemium. 1-1. Upsaliie. 1851. 
v<i. 1. n.-*p. J. E. ZETTERSTEDT; 2. resp. E. G. BLo.MBEUG ; 
. re.yj. C. A. ADLERs : 1. ,v., 7 ,. G. E. AHLM. 



Aekelof, Johan Chr. Rtsp. See Retzius, A. J. 1805. 



• the China Inland Mission 



i Pharmacopoeia. 



Australia. Western Australian Year-l 
Malcolm A. C. Fra.SER. Perth, 1895. 
lb., 1900. 2 vols. 8vo. 



Post, G. E., & E. A. 
Volivier et l'huile d'olive. Paris, 1900. 



Bacchus, W. H. A description of some Victorian and other 
Australian irrasr-.-s. S t - t - Melbourne. Department of Lands . . ., 
Victoria. Second report of the Secretary. 1871. 

Bailey, Frederick Manson. The Queensland Flora : with plates 
illustrating some rare species. Parti. Queensland, 1899. 8vo. — 
Part. 2. lb., 1900. 8vo. 

Baldacci, Antonio. Osservazioni sulla struttura anatomies dell' 
asse simpoclioforo . . . del Symphytum orientate, L. (Rend. 
Accad. Sc. 1st. Bologna, 1899-1900.) Bologna, 1900. 8vo. 

Ricerche sulla struttura della foglia e del caule della 

Fursi/thin rumpurn Degen et Baldacci. (Mem. Accad. Sc. 1st. 

Itinerari Albanesi, [1891]. (Bol. Soc. Geogr. Ital., 1900.) 



Contribute alia 

Montenegrino-Albanese. 
Bologna, 1900. 4to. 

Balfour, Isaac Bayley. See Goebel, K. 1900. 



Ballivian, J. Arturo. See Haenke, T. 1900. 

Banks, Rt. Hon. Sir Joseph, Bart., & Daniel Solander. Illustra- 

tiuu* nt thr i:..i.iuv «.t Captain ' '-h* world in 

II. M.S. "Endeavour"" in 1708-71. Wi-li 

James Britten. Part 1.— Australian Plants. London, 1900. fob 

Baumgarten, Paul. Lehrbueh der pathologischen 

Vorlesungeu fiir Aerzte und Studirende. Braimr-chweig. 1890. 



Beauverie, Joseph. Etudes sur le pol; 



>,,,.,,,.»,,,, 



Beitrage zur 

Kurwirkliui-s^ 
Ed. Fischer. 
krauter dor Sch 

Belgrade : Botanic Garden. See Jurisic, Z. J. 

Bellini, Raffaello. See Cerio, I., & R. B. 1900, 

Belon, Pierre. Plurimarum singularium & i 
rerum in Uraecia . . . ab ipso conspectarum 
tribus libris expressae. ( '. Clusiits e gallicis la 



Belzung, Ernest. Anatomie et physiologie vegetales, etc. Paris, 
1900. 8vo. 

Berg, Carl Olof Vilhelm. Reap. See Fries, E. M. 1851. 

Berggren, Gustaf. Kesp. See Retzius*, A. J. 1808. 

Berggren, Sven. On New Zealand Hepaticae, I. Lund, 1898. 
4to. 

Berlese, Laurent, Abbe. Iconographie du genre Camellia . . . 
peints el'apres nature ... par J. J. Juxg. Accompagnees 
[ture . . . par 1' Abbe Be in.: 88. 
4 ; . 3 vols. 4to. 



Berne. 1878 * 1881. fol. 

Bessey, Charles Edwin. The modern conception of the structure 
and classification of Diatoms, uith .. revision of the tribes and a 
t en< of the North American genera. (Trans. Amer. 
Microscop. Soc. xxi.) [Washington ?], 1900. 8vo. 

Bettfreund, Carlos. Flora argentina, etc. Tome ii. Buenos 



Bjornstrbm, Johan Viktor. Resj>. See Fries, E. M. 
Blomberg, Eric Gustaf. Hpsjk See Areschoug, J. I 
Bodman, Gustaf L. Reap. See Fries, E. M. 1854. 

Boe: 
Tan 1 
1900. Svo. 

[Bonnefons, Nicolas de.] 
W. B. D. N. Ed. 6. Lyon, IbtiO. 12mo.— Another edition, 
Lyon, 1670. 12mo. 

Boppe, L., & Antoine Jolyet. Les Forets. Paris, 1901. [1900]. 



J. 

Ormerod. Ed. 2. London, 1900. 

Botanical Exchange Club of the British Isles. Reports. See 
London. § 3. 

Botanist's (The) Calendar and Pocket Flora : arranged according 
to the Linnean System. To which are added references to the 
best figures of British Plants. London, 1797. 2 vols. sin. 8vo. 

Bottini, A. Marchese. See Sommier, S. 

Brandsten, Gustaf Fredrik. Resp. See Thunberg, C. P. 1824. 

Brick, Carl. Das amerikanische Obst und seine Parasiten. 

i.i;«iiri.. Haml). wis*. Anst., xvi ) Hamburg, 1899. Svo. 

-n. (Jahrb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., xvii.) lb., 1900. 8vo. 



Broughton, Arthur. Hortus eastensis : or, a catalogue of exotic 
phnts. in ili- L'iirdcu of Hinr-m East, .... in th« 
Jamaica, etc. [London, 1793.] 4to. See Edwards, B. History 
... of the British Colonies in the West Indies. Vol. i. 
pp. 475—494. 



Brussels. Catalc . aomiques pour les Colonies 

. . de l'Horticole coloniale. Direeteur general L. LlNDKN. 
iruxelles, [1900]. 8vo. 



Bubani, Pietro. Flora pyrenaea, etc. ii. Mediolani, 1900. 

Buetschli, Otto. Investigations an microscopic foams and on 
.i-Mtopliisni. Transi. by K. A. MTNCHIN. London, 1894. 8vo. 

Hand-Guide to the Botanic Gardens, Buitenzorg. 



Burchard, Oscar H. Die Unkrautsamen der Klee- und 
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Ortus Sanitatis. See MANUSCRIPTS. 



Palladius. See Angelius, N. 1515. 

Paris, Edouard Gabriel. Index bryologicus sive enumerati 

mnsinnim hucusque cognitorum, etc. Supplement am 1. ( Mem 
Herb. Boiss.) Geneve et Bale, 1900. 8vo. 

Paris. Exposition Universelle, 1900. Collection de la Statioi 
Experimentale pour l'lndustrie sucriere dans l'Ouest de Java ; 
Kagok-Tegal. Tegal, [1900]. 8vo. 



Piante raccolte in un viaggi 

Monsa, 11*11' Aliissinia settentrionale. 
1892.) Genova, [1892]. 8vo. 



Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 



Genova, 1897-98. 8vo. 



Perkins, Janet R. Monographie derGattung Mollinedia. (Engl. 
Bot. Jahrb. xxvii.) Leipzig, 1900. 8vo. 

Perrot, E. Le tissu crible. Preface de L. Gtjignard. Paris, 
1899. 8vo. 

Peterson, Axel. Resp. See Fries, E. M. 1854. 

Petr<5, Albert Theodor. Resp. See Schagerstrom, J. A. 1845. 



Plat, Sir Hugh. The Garden of Eden. Or, an accurate descrip- 
ion of all Flowers and Fruits now growing in England, &c. Ed. 
. London, 1659. 12mo. Second part. lb., 1660. 12mo. 

Platter, Felix, & Thomas Platter. See Legre, L. 1900. 

Poirault, Georges. L. Annee biologique. See Delage, Y. 



Ponten, Samuel Benjamin. Reap. See Fries, E. M. 1851. 

Post, George Edward, & Eugene Autran. Plantae postianae quas 
numerant G. E. P. & E. A. Nova- ^ ■< des deseripsit G. E. POST, 
'asc. viii-ix. (Bull. Herb. Boiss. v. & vii.) Geneve, 1897 & 1899. 



Prag. Krai's Bacteriologisches Laboratorium. Dergegenwartige 
en Sammlung von Mikroorganismen. Octo- 
ber, 1900. Prag, (1900). 8vo. 



The Flowering Plants, 



A letter to H. Repton, Esq., on the application of the 

practices w.dl as tin- prinoipl^s of Landscape-gardening to Land- 
_-.- intended as a supplement to the Essay on the 
. . To which is prefixed Mr. Repton's letter to Mr. 
Price. London, 1795. 8vo. 



Pseudo-Apulejus. See Humelberg, 6. 

e writings of LINNAEUS. 



Rabenhorst, Ludwig. Kryprogamen-Flora von Sachsen, der 
Ober-Lausitz, Thiiringen und Nonlbuhmen, etc. i-ii. Leipzig, 
1863-70. 8vo. 






Raedberg, Johan Jakob. Reap. See Afzelius, A. 1805. 



Reimers, M. N. Les Quinquinas de culture. Paris, 1900. 8vo. 

Repton, Humphry. See Price, U. 1795. 

Retzius, Anders Johan. Praes. * Diss, sistens supplementum et 
emendationes in editionein secundam prodromi Florae Scandin- 
aviae. Resp. J. C. ASKBLOF. Lundae, 1805. 4to. 



Praes. Diss, de pla: 

J. W. Zetterstedt, J . " 
1808. 4to. 

Rhyakini Koronides. See Kirani Kiranides. 

Forestry in British India. Calcutta, 



Rijn, J. J. L. van. Die Glykoside. Chemische Monographie der 
vkoside nebst systematischer Darstellung der kiinat- 
lichen Glykoside. Berlin, 1900. 8vo. 

Ritzema Bos, Jan. See Bos, J. R. 

Rivers, Thomas. The rose amateur's Guide, etc. Ed. 4. London, 
1846. sm. 8vo. 

app. 16. See 

Rolfe, Robert Allen. Hybridisation viewed from the Standpoint 
,ric Botany. (Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc., xxiv.) London, 
1900. 8vo. 
Romero, Belisario Diaz. See Haenke, T. 1900. 
Roos, Carl Gabriel. Resp. See Fries, E. M. 1854. 



Resp. See Fries, E. 

»ola ad hist 



Rostaflnski, J6zef Thomas von. Symbola a I 
medii aevi. Plantas . . . etcetera . . . 
adhili^liantnr inde a xii. ad xvi. saeculuin. Pars 
Saecularia Univ. Cracoviensis, vii.-viii.) Cracovi 



. -ed for re 
8vo. 

Rotheray, Lister. Flora of Skipton and District. Skipton, 1900. 
8vo. 

orets dn Royaume de Rounianie. 



Roux, J. A. CI. Trail et experimental des 

rapports des plantes avec le sol et de la chlorose vegetale. Avec 
tee de Antoine Magnin. Montpellier & Paris, 1900. 



Rouy, Georges, & Julien Foucaud. Flore d 
continuee par G. ROUY et E. G. CAMUS. Tome ' 
Paris, 1900. 8vo. 



Rusby, Henry Hurd. The botanical origin of Coca leaves. 
a' Circular and Chemical Gazette, 1900.) [New York, 
1900]. 4to. 

Russell, Herbrand Arthur, 11th Duke of Bedford, & Spencer 
'ercival Umfreville Pickering. Wobum Experimental Fruit Farm. 



Russow, Edmund. Zur Kenntniss der Subsecundum- mid 
Cymbifoliumgruppe europaischer Torfmoose, etc. (Archly. 
Naturk. Liv. Ehst- und Kurlands, 2, x.) Jurjew (Dorpat), 1894. 
8vo. 

Ryba, F. See Hofmann, A., & F. R. 1899. 

Rydberg, Per Axel. 



See New York. 



(Atti Istit. Venet., 7, iii.) Venezia, 1892. 8vo. 

Syllogefungorum omnium hucusque cognitorum. Vol. xii., 

pars 2, fasc. 2 [ = Tom. xiii.]. Index universalis . . . nominum 
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gvo. Vol. xiv., Supplementum, pars 4, auctoribus 

P. A. S. et P. Sydow. Patavii, 1899. 8vo. 

See Penzig, 0., & P. A. S. 1897-98. 

St. Petersburg. Schedae ad Herbarium Florae Rossicae, a 
sectione botanica Societatis Imp. Petropolitanae naturae curios- 
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upsal., 17. See Thunberg, 



Satow, Sir Ernest. The cultivation of Bambooi 
(Trans. As. Soc. Japan, xxvii.) Tokyo, 1899. 8vo. 



_ In libros de plantis Abistoteli 

[Lugduni], 1566. fol. 



Scnagerstrbm, Johan August. Dist 



Conspectus vegetationis Uplandicae. Pars 1. re 

FLODERUS ; pars 2. resp. C. L. Fineman ; pars:), resp. 
Xortx;»er ; pars 4. rcsp. A. T. Petre. Upsaliae, 1845. 



viens Vaxtfamiljer, 



Schedae ad Herbarium Florae Rossicae. See St. Petersburg. 

Schenck, Johann Theodor. Historia Plantarum general^ 
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Cnnichmann. Jenae, 3656. 4to. 



Schilberszky, Charles. Monographie de la Horticulture en 

Hongrie. Redigee de par ordre du Minisnv R<-val Hongrois de 

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Mitteilungen aus den hot , .■ University 

Zurich, ix-x. (Mein. Herb. Boiss. n. 10 & 20.) Geneve & Bale, 
1900. 8vo. 



Gebrauche auf Exku 

Schliephacke, Karl. Preface. See Mueller, C. A. F. W. 1900. 

Schroeder, Johan Henrik. Prjaes. See Myrin, C. G. 1833. 

Schumann, Karl. Bliihende Kakteen (Iconographia Cactacearui 
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Sterculiaceae africanae. See Engler, A. 1900. 

Musaceae. See Engler, A. Pflanzenreich. 

See Ehrenberg, C. G. 1900. 



Scott, Dukinfield Henry. ( 

hints from the pahvozoie ro< 

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Studies in Fossil Botany. London, 1900. 8vo. 

Sen, Kaviraj Binod Lall, & Kaviraj Athutosh Sen. See Dutt, U. C. 

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(Mem. Mus. Roy. 



Seward, Albert Charles, & Arthur William Hill. On the stru 
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Thunberg, C. P. lsi'.'. 



plantarum guatemalensium, 
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Alexander. ( ' - * 

Stirlingshire. (Trans. Nat. Hist. So, . Glasgow, n.s. iv.) [Glasgow, 
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Sommier, Stefano. Aleune osservazmne sui Jtannttrnhi.< dell' 
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Florida del Gkdio. Museinee. Musehi determinati dal 

da relies BOTTIN] 

Biccia dal E. Levi 



Sorauer, Paul. Schutz der Obstbaume gegen Krankheiten. 

(Sclnu/ (Iff Obsih.Hime ir.^vn t . - 1 1 1 < 1 liehe Tiere und gegen 
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). See Fernald, H. L., & J. D. S. 1899. 



Stenhammar, Carl. Eesp. See Afzelii 

Stephani, Franz. Species Hepatic) 

(Bull, et Mem. Herb. Boissi- 1I 
[1898]-190O. 8vo. 



Stift, Anton. Die Krankheiten der Zuckerrube. Wien, 1900. 
Algvegetationen vid 



Stuckert, Teodoro. El Vinalillo. Una nueva planta arborea 
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(An. Mik Xac. Bneii..)s Aire., vii.) Buenos Aires, 1900. 8vo. 



Swayne, George. Gramina pascua : or, a collection of specii 
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Taegtstrom Eric Johan. Resp. See Fries, E. M. 1854. 



Botaniska exkursioner i Stockholmstrakten. Stockholm, 

L859. 8vo. 

Bihang till Skol-Herbariet, etc. Ed. 3. Stockholm, 1868. 

»vo. 

Theophrastus, Eresios. De historia et de causis plantarum 
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Thomas, M. On the Alpine Flora of Clova. See Perth. § 3. 
8168 . E 



Thonner, Franz. De Wildeman, Em., <fc Th. Durand. 1900. 

Thornhill, John. See Winch, N. J. 1805-07. 

Thunberg. Carl Pehr. Museum naturalium Academic Upsal- 
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Pars II, /■,,•/.. \. M,\TM I-.si I /s. 1793; Pars I;*>, rrs/j. M. HedrEn' 
1794 ; Pars 16, resp. S. Alguren, 1791 ; Pars 17, resp. G. Sajsdstbn 
1794; Pars 18, resp. C. ZetterstrOm. 1794; Pars 19 /'< V 
S. E. Albom, 1796 ; Pars 20, resp. C. Xordblad, 1796 ; Pars •>;, 
resp. C. Lewin, 1804 ; Pars 29, resp. Z. Sjostrom, 1819 ; Pu-s ;v.\ 
resp. C. L. Altahr, 1821 ; App. 10, resp. J. Rudin, 1806 ; App. 11,' 
resp. P. Elgstrom, 1S06 ; App. 12, resp. C. Nether wood, l.s.> r ', ■ 
Aj*].. 13, rr. v ,. K {}. (Jroth. ISO*! ; App. 16, resp. O. A. ROBSAHM, 
1808; App. 17, resp. A. O. Hall, 1809; App. 19, resp. G. J 
Oertenblad, ISP2; App. 20, n, /t . >\ Heduex. J S 1 2 ; App. 21, 



resp. J. E. Wikstrom, 1813 ; App. 22, resp. P. C. Westring, 1814; 
* pp. 23, resp. P. A. Staf, 1816 ; App. 25. resp. E 
18 ; App. 26. >rsp. 0. W. Flodstedt, 1809, [1819 ? 



Hesselius. Upsalia. 



Charles Darwin I ego uchenie. Moskva, 1898. 
i Mecklenbergenses selecti. Fasc. 



Tourney, James W. An inquiry into the cause and nature ( 

Crown-gall. < Arizona Agric. Kxper. Stat., Bull. n. 33.) Washingto 
D.C.,1900. 8vo. 

Tradescant, John (pater). See Hamel, J. von. 



Die Harze mid die Harzbehalter. Leipzig, 



899.) Br< 



?Cu 

Van Rijn, J. J. L. See Rijn, J. J. L. van. 

Varro, Marcus Terentius. See Angelius, N. 1515. 

Veitch, James, & Sons. Manual of the Coniferae, etc. Ed. 2, by 
Adolphus H. Kent. Chelsea, 1900. la. 8vo. 

Vienna. Samen-Kontrol-Station. Publikationen No. 108. Der 

..-...--■:. .. - ;- ■■ 

Aussee, etc. Erster Bericht von Theodor Ritter v WWNZIBBL. 
Berlin, 1893. 
Voigt, 

Wahlback, Axel. Resp. See Fries, E. M. 



Wahlberg, Pehr Predrik. Re&p. Flora Gothoburgensis. See 
Thunberg, C. P. 1820-24. 

Wahlenberg, Goran. Praes. See Afzelius, P. C. 1844. 

Waldenstrom, Eric Gustaf. Besp. See Lidbeck, A. 1792. 

Waller, Augustus Desire. Four observations concerning the 
electrical effects of light upon green leaves. (Proc. Physiol. Soc, 
1900.) [London], (1900). 8vo. 



Pandanaceae. See Engler, A. Pflanzenreich. 

Ward, Lester Prank. The Cretaceous Formation of the Black 
Hills as indicated by the fossil plants. With the collaboration of 
Walter P. Jexney, W. M. Fontaine, and F. H. Knowltov. 
(Rep. U. S. Geol. Surv. xix.) Washington, 1899. 8vo. 

Washington, 
3 of the physical properties 



1896. (Bot. Tidsskr. xxi.) 
Le Riz au Tonkin. Paris, 



Waugh, Richard. See Winch, N. J. 1805-07. 



London, 1900. 8v. 



Weber, Albert. Le Figuier 
et ses varietes. (Bull. Soc. 
1900. 8vo. 



(Bull. Mus. Hist. X.t. 



1 the Colonial Museum Library. 



Zur Entwickelung unci Struktur einiger Pteri ■ ; 

ausJava. (Bot. Untei> ■ -Liu- Ti-cpemviM*, 2.) 

Freiburg (Schweiz), 1900. 8vo. 



White, James Walter. Notes supplemental to the Flora of the 
Bristol Coal-Field. 1886-88. (Bristol Nat. Soc. Proa, v.-vi.) 
[Bristol, 1886-89.J 8vo. 



Wikstrbm, Johan Emanuel. Res/). Mus. nat. upsal., app. 21. 
ee Thunberg, C. P. 1813. 

Wilhelm Karl. See Hempel, G., & K. W. 

Williams, Benjamin Samuel. Select Ferns and Lycopods : 
Iritish and exotic, etc. London, 1873. $vo. 

Eesp. Mus. nat. upsal. auctum, 1. See 



Winch, Nathaniel John, John Thornhill, & Richard Waugh. The 

Durham. Newcastle upon Tyne, 1805-07. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Woodford, Charles M. See Solomon Islands, British. 1897. 

Yasuda, Atsushi. Studien iiber die Anpassungsfahigkeit einiger 
snngen. (Journ. Coll. Sc. Japan, 

xiii.) [Tokyo, 1900J. 4to. 

Yuhanna ibn Masawaih. Mesuae graecorum, ac arabum clarissimi 
medici opera quae extant omnia. Venetiis, 1562. [Colophon, 
1561.] fol. 

Joannis Mesuae damasceni medici clarissima opera. 

His accessere plantarum in libro sunpli 

criptaruin imagines ex vivo expressse, etc. Venetiis, 1602. fol. 

librum compendii secretorum 
medicinae Joannis Mesoes medici, etc. lb., 1602. fol. 

Jeber die Cyanopl 
..) Hamburg, 19< 



Elements de Paleobotanique. Paris, 

Zetterstedt, Gustaf Vilhelm. Resp. See Fries, B. M. 1851. 
Zetterstedt, Johan Emanuel. Resp. See Areschoug, J. E. 1854. 
Zetterstedt, Johan Vilhelm. Resp. See Retzius, A. J. 1808. 



§ 2.-TRAVELS. 

Agassiz, Alexander. Three cruises of the United States Coast 
and Geodetic Survey steamer "Blake " in the Gulf of Mexico, in 
the Caribbean Sea, and along the Atlantic coast of the United 
States, from 1877 to 1880. (Bull. Mus. Compar. Zool. Harv. Coll. 
xiv. & xv.) Boston & New York, 1888. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Banks, Rt. Hon. Sir Joseph, Bart. Journal of an excursion to 
Bastbury and Bristol, etc., in May and June, 1767. With preface 
and notes by S. G. Percival. (Proc. Bristol Naturalists' Soc.) 
[Bristol, 1900 ?] 8vo. 



[Burton, Sir Richard Francis] Wanderings in West Africa from 
Liverpool to Fernando Po., by a F.R.G.S. London, 1863. 
2 vols. 8vo. 

Cook, James. Circumnavigator. Voyage round the world in 
H.M.S. " Endeavour." Illustrations of the Botany. See Banks, 
Bart., Rt. Hon. Sir J., & D. Solander. 1900. § 1. 



See Burton, Sir R. F. 



Freyreiss, G. W. Bidrag till kannedomen om Brasiliens urbe- 
folkning. Skildringar fran en resa i Minas Geraes lMi-15. 
Ofversattning fran forfattarens manuscript af C. A. M. LiNDMAN. 
(Ymer, 1900.) Stockholm, 1900. 8vo. 

Graham, Maria. Journal of a residence in Chile during the 
year 1822. And a voyage from Chile to Brazil in 1823. London, 



, 1900. 8vo. 
Kalm, Pehr. En resa till Norra Amerika. Stockholm, 1753-61. 

Lindman, C. A. M. See Freyreiss, G. W. 



Perceval, Spencer George. See Banks, Bart., Rt. Hon. Sir J. 

Strachey, Sir Richard. Narrative of a journey to the Lakes 
i Manasarowar, in Western Tibet, undertaken in 
.1848. (Geogr. Journ. xv.) [London, 1900.] 8vo. 



§ 3.-PERIODIOALS. 

Indmlinij the Publications of So< 



Agricultural Journal and Mining Record, Natal. 



Annales du jardin botanique de Buitenzorg publiees par Mel- 
CHIOrTbbub. Supplement 1. Leide, 1897. 8vo. Supplement 2. 
lb., 1898. 8vo. 

Australia. Western Australia. Department of Agriculture. 
See Perth. 

Batavia. Natuurkundige Yereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie. 
Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie. Deel i-lvi. 
(1850-97.) Batavia, 1851-97. 8vo. 



Botanisches Taschenbuch fur die Anfanger dig* WU 

^ Regent/ ^m,,,u,, i Altdorf), 1805-11. 22 vol S . 



British Association for the Advancement of Science. Reports. 
J 881-98. London. 1834-99. (Ed. 2 of Reports 1831 and 1832, 
London, 1835.) 67 vols. 8vo. Index to Reports, 1831-60, 1861-90 

London, 1864 and 1893. lb., 2 vols. 8vo. 

Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. (Royal Gardens, Kew.) 
Additional Series iv. List of published names of plants intro- 
duced to cultivation, 1876 to 1896. London, 1900. 8vo. 



Economic Proceedings, i. Parts 1-2. Dublin, 1899. 



1778-1803. Gottingae, 1789- 



Hamburg. Jabrbuch der Han' -_ hen m I Mhaftlichen 
Anstalten. (Botanical papers only. See Hallier, H. G. ; Meer- 
warth, H. ; Eeh, L.) 

Indische Natuur (De). Algemeen natuurwetenschappelijk Bij- 

blad van het Archief voor de .' Redactie : 

B. Aflev. 1. Soerabaia, 1900 -►, 



Ithaca. Cornell Universitv ; Agricultural Experiment Station. 
Bulletin n, V, L68, 172, 176, 180, 181. Ithaca, 

1897-1900. 8vo. 

Jahresbericht iiber die Neuerungen und Leistungen auf dem 
Gebeite des Pflanzenschutzes. Herausg. von M. HOLLRUNG. ii. 
Berlin, 1900. 8vo. 



West-Java, te Kagok 
ivo. 

von H. A. SCHRADER, 



the Botanical 



Royal Society of London. Reports to the Malaria 

K). London, 1900. 8vo.— Further Reports. 
lb., 1900. 8vo.— Third Series. lb., 1900. 8vo. 

See British Association. 

Magazin (Neues) fur die Botanik 



Magazin (Nyt) for Naturvidenskabeme grui 
graphiske i'oivnini: i < 'hnstiania. Hovedredaktor N. Wille. 
Bind 38 -►. Chrifltiania, 1900 ->. 

Manchester. Owens College. Studies in Biology fi . i, csi- ■ 
lUol^-icul I), ■partnu'nis. Vol. iv., ed. by Sydney J. HlCKSON. 
Manchester, 1899. 8vo. 



Michigan. State Board of Agriculture »f t 
-8th annual report of the Secretary, from Jul 
899. Lansing, 1899. 8vo. 



Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie. See Batavia. 

Neues Magazin fur die Botanik. See Magazin (Neues) fur die 
Botanik. 

New Brunswick, N.J. New Jersey Agricultural College Experi- 
ment Station. Ueiort -f rh, Uu^d, il Department, 1899, by 
Byron D. Halsted. Camden, N.J., 1900. 8vo. 



D. T. Macdougal, 



Memoirs, i. Catalogue of the F 

the Yellowstone National Park, by P. A. Rydberg. New York, 
1900. 8vo. 

Columbia University. Department of Botany. MemoirB, 

ii. — RYDBERG, P. A. Monograph of the North American Poten- 
tilleae. [New York], 1898. Ito. 



Perth. Perthshire Society of Natural Science. Tt- 

. art 2. 1899-1900. Contains : THOMAS, M., 
on the Alpine Flora of Clova, part 1; Smith, Robert, Plant 
associations of the Tay Basin, part 2. Perth, 1900. 8vo. 

Perth, Western Australia. 
Western Australia. Journal. 
Perth, 1899-1900. 8vo. 

Bevue Indo-Chinoise. Editeur F. H. Schneider. 1899 ■*. 
Baaoi, L899 -». 4to. —Notices but les Provinces de Nin 

-le IIini-IL.a. lb.. 1899. Svo.— La culture potagere au Tonkin, 
par J. Martin. lb., 1900. Svo. 

Shrewsbury. Caradoc & Severn Valley Field Club. Record of 
Bare Fact-. 1899. Shrewsbury, [1900 ?] Svo. 

The Long Meeting, June 11 to 16, 1900. lb., [1900.] 



[Toronto], 1900. Svo. 
I'K-vts ile l'Ecole Nationale 



Watsoa BDtanical Exchange Club. See York. 
Wisconsin Natural History Society. See Milwaukee. 
VnVnhaTTia Asiatic S.-cii-iv of Japan. Transactions, s 



Society. Report for l.S<)7(- 
3 Club. Annual reports, 4 



§ 4.— MANUSCRIPTS. 



Musa. Antonius. See Pseudo-Apulejus. 
^Oliver, Samuel Pasfield.] See Pingre\ A. 
Ortus Sanitatis. A copy of German origi 



Ping-re, Alexandre Gui. Voyape a Rodrhpie, 17ol 
manuscrit . . . existant a. la Ihblioth.' que du S 
m-aphique de la Marine fnmcaise. [With a biograpl 
by Samuel Pasfield Oliver.] fol. 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



U L L E T I N 



MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. 



APPENDIX III- 



NEW GARDEN PLANTS OF THE YEAR 1900. 

The number of garden plants annualh des< .-ribe, i in botanie;d 
anil horticultural }.n 1 .1 i*-ur i< ,ns. both Kn-di.-h ;:itil foreign, is now 
so considerable that it has been thought desirable to publhdi a 
complete list of them in the Kew BuUvtin each y» r. The 
follow i:.- list comprises all the new introductions r. i 
1900. These lists are indispensable to the maintenance of a 
correct nomenclature, especially in the smaller botanical estab- 
- in correspondence with Kew, which arc as a rule, 
only scantily provided with horticultural periodicals. Mich a 
h«r v-nl also afford information i\ -p ■ i - i « w ]•' u - ui ... r 
ill be distri- 
buted from it in the regular course of exchange with other 
botanic gardens. 

The present list includes not only plants brought into cub i vat ion 
for the first time durii " f lh '^" 

which have been re-introduc I after 1" -' •■' > u\au..n. 

Other plants included in the list may have been m g, 
several year-, but either were nut described or their names had 
not been authenticated until recently. 

In addition to species and well-marked virieiies. hybrid-. 

. or of garden origin, have been included 

1 with formal botanical names. 

ual forms of well-known garden plants are omitted, 

for obvious reasons. 

In everv case the plant is cited under its published name, 
although some of the names are doubtfully correct. Where, 
however, a correction has appeared desirable, this is made. 

The name of the person in whose collection the plant was first 
noticed or described is given where known. 
9266—1375-6/1901 Wt 41 D & S 29 



The publications from which this list is compiled, with the 
fcbbreviations used to indicate them, are as follows -.—Bull. 
Mm. Parts.— Bulletin du Museum d'histoire naturelle, Paris. 
B. M.— Botanical Magazine. GnnL— The Garden. G.C.— Gar- 
deners' Chronicle. Gji.— Gartenflora. G. M.— Gardeners' Maga- 
zine. Jard. — Le Jardin. Jnurn. av B<>t. — Journal de Botanique. 
J. of H. — Journal of Horticulture. J. H. F. — Journal de la 
Soeiete nationale d'horticulture de France. L. — Lindenia. 
Lnnuinp Cut, — !,"iii<Vmi\ 'Vualogue. M. K. — Monatsschrift fiir 
Kakteenkunde. .V. B.—- Notizblatt des Konigl. botanischen Gartens 
und Museums zu Berlin. N. G. M.— Dr. Neubert's Garten-Magazin. 
O. R.— Orchid Review. R. ff.— Revue Horticole. R. H. B.— 
Revue de l'Horticulture Beige. S. 0. A. A.— Southern < 'alifornia 
.Hg Association Catalogue. Spdth Cat. — L. Spath, 
General Nursery Catalogue. S. H.— Lz Semaine Horticole. 
W. G.— Wiener Illustrirte Garten-Zeitung. 

The abbreviations in the. descriptions of the plants are :— 
rli<tm.-T)inm»U-r. /7.— Foot or Feet. G. -Greenhouse. //.— Hardv. 
H. H.— Half -hard v. m.— Inches S— Stove 



'Achillea linjjulata buglossis. 



•Anemone i 



Actinostemma paniculatum.<v.//.2J 



*Adesmia boronioides. (B.M. t. 

.. ■ ■- . 

rted all over, except the 



CU- 



■ 



Anthurium andreanum Lawrencis- 

Hi- ex . in irg-. spathe-! of 

pure white, and the spadix is nearlj 
white also." (Sir Trevor Lawrence.) 

Aplopappus eriocarpus. (Gard. 1900, 
iviii. .{-.-.) Composite. H. A dis- 



Aquilegia baikalensis. 



Alsophila Baroumha 



- ! r i:.-fnr 



Africa. (Haage 



'Ardisia brandneriana. (it.H. 



nearly! 2 in. span; spathe 1 to 3 in. 
long, of a green to yellow colour. 
Himalaya. (Kew.) 

'Asclepias Hallii. (O. c. r.mo. ixviii. 
- . . . . 

E. Gumbleton.) 




e Warpuri. (<9. c. 1900, 

,te, white, the petals much 
jing finally to 



very different, lluniolia. (Sp .. •- i- 

Campanula persicifolia Moerhei- 



ralestine. (A. K. Bulley.) 
Lcla&dia nigres 






Cattleya dowiana jenseniana. (0, 

handsome form, having primrose yel- 
low sepals and petals, with some 

covered with golden veining. (Ed. 

Cattleya Elisabeth®, (fi. n. 1900, 

17.").) 8. A garden hybrid between 
(L'Horticole Coloniale, Brussels.) 

Cattleya elatior. ^o. It. 1900, 28.) 

(C. L. N. Ingram.) "***" ^^ ^^ 

Cattleya goossensiana. (o. 11. 1900, 



Cattleya Grayse. (o. 11. 
m&C.velvi 

Cattleya illuminata. ( 

285.) s 



Jit T l';-a mtei 



. 



Cattleya Loddigesii alba. (0. B. 



Brunoy, France.) 

Cattleya Martineti. (./". //. v. 1 (»>•>, 

(C. Maron, Brunoy, France.) 

Cattleya Mendelii Maudes, m.jt. 

.',','•' '',,"trkin^ on tli'-'lip" "' (W. i'- 
Burkinshaw.) 

Cattleya Mendelii roseflsldiensis. 



Cattleya Mossise roussleana. (0. - 

1900, 173.) S. "A large, rosy for 
with very richly coloured lip 
(Marquis de T~ 
Belgium.) 

Cattleya nigresi 

416.) 3. A ga 






garden hybrid between Cattley 
Mdorado and C. aurta. (C. MarOJ 



Cattleya Warnero - bowringiana. 



. tall climh r with panicles of 



'Clematis orientalis r 



Coffea robusta. (/.'. // 

Rubiacesi. S. Congo Free State. 
[ThisiB C. Laurent iL] 

Cornus sibirica Sallieri. (,•?. //. n»oo. 
Lra Crataegus Oxyacantha inermis. 



"Cineraria cantabrigensis. 

(Cambridge.) 



Cineraria polyantha. (<;. M. 1900, 'Crocus Alexandri. {B. m 



Lite flowers is here described 

"Cryptocoryne Griffithii. (2?. m. t. 

*Crypto8temma lusitanicum. (#. a 

. 

with pale yellow flower 

■il known l\ rninuhdn. 

'Cryptostylis arachnites. (/?. a 

-'U.) Orehidacw. S. A 
and mottled. Khasia, &c. (kV.v.) 



leaves at the apex, and a pendulous 
raceme of about ten large fleshy 



for the first time. A monophyllous 

Flower-scape 6 to 8 in. long, bearing 

flowers over an inch long and wide, 

the lip spreading, flat, lobed, produced 

at the base to a spur over an inch long; 

the colour of the whole flo\ 

'■■■ 

white patch in the middle. Mada- 

Cypripedium borchgraveanum. (i. 

1: t. 71.-.; >'. //. 1901, £ 135.) 

Orchidacete. S. A gar 

titporbmn. (L'Horticole Coloniale, 
Cypripedium cardozoiair 

lyoof 24.) s. A ga- 
UII Charlesworthi album. 

Cypripedium cbrysotoxum. (R S. 



Cypripedium ciliolare x Sallieri. 

(/,'. //. I '.'no. if,.-,.) S. A garden 



ment to the rachis. They are about an 


Versailles.) 


inch and three-quarters long, rather 

■ -- • i 


Cypripedium Cobbiae. (e?. C. 1900, 


brown, on a light yellow 


) S. A garden hybrid 




between C. Chi*. Can ham and C. 




J. Howes. (Walter Cobb.) 








Cypripedium Curtisii x praestans. 








name. (J. Gurney Fowler.) 


duced from Java. (Kew.) 




Cymbidium I'Ansoni. (O.n. 1900, 


Cypripedium haynaldiano- 
Hookerse. (0. n. v.w\ 2.v_>.) s. a 




gunl.-n hybrid l>.-rwoe.n the species 


and C.tr.w,,,,,, ■>. <H 


indicated in tho name. (F. Sander 


Cymbidium Maroni. (j. h. f. iooo 


Cypripedium insigne fowlerianum. 

(/>. it. [..h..i, ■>:>.) S. A finely shaped 






Fowler'.)" 1 " 


•Cynorch^^purpurascens. «?. r. 


Cypripedium lacteum. (/. K- F - 


- : , '." . • ' " : - 


c. s , : \,vr''::ii^ b (p^ 



Cypripedium lawrenceanum splen- 

(L'Horticole Coloniale, Brussels.) 

Cypripedium leeano-Charles- 
worthii. rjj. n. 1900, 165.) s. a 

limn Loyensi. (j. n. f. 



-m Maudiae. (0. R. 1900, 

Cypripedium Morteni. (o. R. 1900, 

Cypripedium Rogeri. (i?. //. 1900, 

- - " - 

I'aris > 

Cypripedium rothschildo-lawrence- 



Cypripedium Sallieri x spicerianum. 
(R. H. 1900, 165.) S. A garden 
hybrid between the spo 

d m sanderiano-Curtisii. 
indicated in the name. (N*. C. Cookson.) 



Cypripedium tixallense. < 

xxvii. 907. 



Cypripedium Unxia. (O. 



•Cyrtosj 



'Decaisnea Fargesii. (/;. 


K A 




WeTtern Ch r h!r'' i .M.'l..'l..\ 


ilmorin.) 


Dendrobium dalhou-nobile 


. {G. r. 


IJESSSSfclSr 


X 


Dendrobium Elwesii. (0 

147.) S. A garden hybrid 


M 


I 


Dendrobium Hodgkinsoni 

iyi.0.27. 11. m.i. ::-2\:\ - 

l). atr,r: - 


mi 


R. 

tht- 


'Dendrobium insequale. 


a:. 


-1/. 









Flowers of a light greenish 
(C. J.Lwms J 6m 

Dendrobium picturatum. (<?. ar. 

between'/). Aintmrrtki and Z>. Arf/i- 
- , „ V T B. Haywood.) 



Dendrobium Staffordii. (o. r. 1900, 

l). f,i<*i,]„> and I). / 



Epidendrum purourachylum. (O.R. 
1900, 189.) 8. '•The sepa 

brown, and the corrugated front lobe 
are very fragrant, not unlike violets." 

Epilaelia heatonensis. (0. R. 1900, 



channelled hairy petioles : stems 

if. x i" .-. < . usro Free State. (L'Horti- 
110 ,p cies of Did, r ;.*,i, i 1 1 tuim.l 



'Eranthis cilicica. ( Ga ,d. 1 900, lvii, 

183,203.) Mvvr . . It. i --ly 
yellow flowers. Cilicia. (Kew.) 



Diospyros Ebenaster. (& C. 

"Zap..*.' n.-j-r.j.'' a tall shady 



'. liu mj ri and A'. 6*/y^. 



*Diostea juncea. (i?. j/. t. ! 

di-rant pairs of opposite, cr< 
rather rle<hy small leaves: fl< 



stripe down the middle. (F. Sn.nd.--r ; 

*Dracaena Lacourti. (R. n. 190c 

:"" 

Brussels.) 

Dracaena Offeri. (Oard. 1900, ivii: 



,ving violet rays 






fnir.- 



ant to eat ana making e 
Brazil. 

*Eulophia lubbersiana. (i?. //. J 

19<>", 3. t.) Orchidaceaa. S. A speci 
nearly allied to K. marvlata ; leav. 



Echinocactus Hartmannii. 



Eulophiella Hamelinii. 



Epidendrum orphanum- (g c loon 

- ■ 

den hybrid of which • \ 

not recorded. (F. Sander &Co ) 



mailer. Madagasca 



ttl. (R. H. 1900, 5i 
Congo Free State. (L'Hoi 



cole Coloniale, Brussels.) 

•Glaucium luteum tricolor. 



"Hippeastrum teretifolium. 



18.) Composite, "h. A pale 

:••■■■-■■ > •■ ' ' ■ ''".'-"'■ ' " 



'Habenaria Lugardi. (<?. a 1900, 

- 

:- 



straight drooping spur 6 in. long. 
Ngamiland. (Kew.) 

*He(ychium Moorei. (G. C. i«joo, 



2 in. acroM. Lower Californ: 

Tpomoea leptophylla. ftf« 

lvii. _:i>.) '!! 



*Iris aurea intermedia. 



Heuctera zabeliana. ( 

lvii. -k".) Saxifragaceae. 



*Iris obtusifolia. (/?. m. t. ::oi.) 

The falls are striped and bearded at 



Um (<?. C. 1900, xxviii, 287.) I 3 
rylldacese. G. Has a dark brown t 

I bnb, an inch long, from which « 



*Iris stenophylla. {<;. c. >.- xxviii. 



The colour 

v. r \ , 
(Kew.) 



373, f. 116.) H. A Bpeciea, belonging 
to the Oncocyclus group, about 7 in. 



«. 8. A dwarf 
rith a white silky 

flowers tubular, light orange-yellow. 



Uruguay. ( .'. 

•Kalanchoe Bentii. 



ed stem, 3 ft. big 

l in diameter, bearing near the 



Kniphofia Leichtlini aurea. 

liwo. ri,-,2.) Liliaceae. H. 
with broad spikes about a 1 
the upper unopened flowers t 
orange red, and the lower oi 

•Kniphofia rufa. (i?. m. 1. 1 

A dwarf spa 

lowerof whic"£re*yelW, ( 
upper are tinged with ret 
(Max Leichtlin, Baden.) 



Lffilia jongheana Templse 



Lffilia prsestans gloriosa. 



(J. Golmai 



Lselia purpurata littleana. (0. R. 

and petals, the lip with a purple area 
on each side of the white centre, and 
yellow with dark lines. 
(H. Little.) 

;rata tracyana. (G. c 

a li-lit" flush of rose on the lip. 
(H. Little.) 

1900 ; 



Lselio-cattleya Binoti. qg. 

xxviii. 37u.) Onjhidaccas. S. A 
(Petters, Brussels.) 

Lselio - cattleya Charlesworthii. 

( O. /.'. L900, 61.) s - A. j i 
worth & Co.) 

Lselio-cattleya colmaniana. (G. C. 

1'- xxviii, 210.) S. A garden 

- 



Lselio-cattleya Cranstounse. (O.l. 

1900, 19.) S. A gar 






520.) S. A ga-den 
\nabar\na. (Cap>e & 



Lselio - cattleya Ernesti pahda. 

((>. It, 1900, 90.) S. "A pretty 

■ 






Laelio-cattleya hyeana. (<?. Jt. 1900, 

174.) S. A garden hyitt 



Laelio-cattleya intermedio-cinna- 



Laelio-cattleya in versa. 

Lalia jmryvratn and Cattle >ja 

Warner i. *(C. Maron, Brunoy, 

Lselio-cattleya lucasiana. u.ii.f. 

(C Maruii. Brunoy, France.) 

Laslio-cattleya massangeana. (O.B, 

1900. 182.) S. A l-.-i 

Laslio-cattleya Nephelia. (0. R 



Laelio-cattleya nivalis. (<;. c. u-oo. 

xxviii. L'.'.r.) s. A 

(C. Maron, Brunoy, 



Lsalio-cattleya ochracea. (./. //. . 

between Ltrliu har/iopl/i/lla ar 
Cattle*/,! Salheri. (C. Maron, Bruno, 



,//«u.w. (C. Maron, Brunoy, France.) 

Laelio-cattleya Wiganiae. fp. e. 



Laelio-cattleya Wilsonae. (O. i*. 

19u0, 28.) S. A garden hybrid 
Sander & Co.) 
Ligustrum delavayanum. (Jimm.de 

like leaves, in habit nrach 

some of the Bmaller Cotoneasters. 

Yunnan. (M. L. de Vilmorin. France.) 



flowers. Himalaya. (Cambridge.) 

Linum Chamissonis. cti. c. iyoo, 
:. : .,, .. il. a iwaxi 



Lonicera involucrata humilis. 

^Charlc-JwurtU & Co.) 

Lycaste Cappei. (iz. #. isoo, 109.) 
Lycaste micheliana. (i?. /f. v.m, 



like thoe of a - 

China. (A. K. Bulley and Kew.) 

Machaerium Tipa. (S. a A. A. c 

1900, 44.) Leguminosse. S. ' 
magnificent shade tree, with lij 
.ad handsome flow* 
yielding one of the rosewoods 
Southern Brazil" 



*Maranta liebrechtsiana. (#. //. 

190!-i. 583; S. IT. 1900. 471.) S. 

species to coagulate the latex of 
ndolphi 



*Maranta lujaiana. (22. h. woo, 583 ; 

S. H. 1900, 472.) S. "Handsome 

long-stalked leaves, purple beneath." 

Resembles M. liehrechtsiana in general 

I - employed by the Congolese 

species. (L'Horticole Goloniale, 

Brussels.) 

Masdevallia burfordiensis. (G. C. 

1900, xxviii, 34(3.) G. Orchidacece. 
A singular and distinct species pro- 
visionally named. Leaves fleshy. 
Flowers of the same class as M. 



Maxillaria scurnhs. (0. r. 1900, 

234; G. C. 19W. xxviii. r,l. f. 13.) G. 
•-. • 
different in having the sepals and 

' : :-h- 



lfc.high. Himalaya (A. K. Bulley.) 

Mertensia virginica rubra. (G. a 

1900, xxvii, Apr. 28, Suppl. 4.) 



- 
white with purple lobes, lip rather 
large, purple. (Sir Trevor Lawrence.) 

•Masdevallia deorsa. (O. R. 1900, 

255; G. ('. 19um. xxviii. 395, f. 121.) 
G. Has the anomalous habit of 
growing head downward like Cattle 
oitrina. A member of the Coriat 

having a descending scape, and in t 
lateral sepals being free. The periarj 



Mormodes oberlanderianum. (#. C. 
S. Ap- 

r °Ober°lLder, 



deep purple, 



tail. The col 

somewhat mottled with yellow 
The leaves are 10-13 inches long, 
coriaceous and rather narrow ; they 
invariably maintain their downward 
direction. Columbia. (Glasnevin.) 

Masdevallia xanthina albida. (O.R. 

flowers. (Glasnevin.) 

1 coxonopifolia. (B.M.t. 



"Muscari praecox. ifian 

142.) Liliaces. H. I 

If Uj :- w s. ( ill. 

*Musa religiosa. or. h. 

S. A spec 
bulbous bai 

Tropical A" 



'Matthiola sinuata oyensis. 

t. 77 i H. Annual o 
glabrous foliage. We 



(Kew.) 
. (R.M. 

rs, and 






flowers of a bright c 
tint. (De B. Crawshay.) 

Odontoglossum crispum Baxteri. 

{<). II. lynn. 25.) G. " \ 

heavily spotted form 

flowers of g»od substance, but on the 

small side." (T. Baxter.) 



Odontoglossum crispum Confetti. 

(O. /,'. 11.,..., 17.-,.) <;, "A white 
form ■■vnilv blotoh«d 






centre' tinned "with radiatum. 



Odontoglossum crispum morecam- od-ntoe-lo-'Si 



Odontoglossum crispum pittianum. 



pie. h (N^c V Oncidium flexuosum 



Odontoglossum crispum radiosum. 
Coloniale, Brussels.) 


Opuntia fragilis cassp 

■mailer an . 

■ .■ '• '.:■.-:.-■■ 
red filaments. Coloradc 

Opuntia fragilis t 


itosa. (>i :-; 


Odontoglossum crispum sul- 
phureum. (0. n. w. i'-U G - 

A preity sulphur whir.' 
and minute dots on the 


' '";■;.:' 




brig tcarmine-r 




(T. Baxter.) 

Odontoglossum crispum tessel- 
1; :::. 

reddish purple, and tinged with purple 
on the back of the 
(L'Horticole Coloniale, Brussels.) 


C : 

large bright yellow r 

r: --. Ink- ; .l:hi- plant is regarded 


Odontoglossum crispum Victoria 
Regina. (ff. C t*j 

especially 'on the reverse side, the 
sepals and petals bearing conspicuous 
purplish blotches in th 
white with yellow disc, having a 
brown blotch in front. (W.Thompson.) 


above-named. Colorado. 

Opuntia pachyclada spaethiana. 

resembles 0. pachyclada, but the 
flowers which are yellow when first 
open change later to a wonaerlui 
brownish-salmon colour. Colorado. 



Opuntia rhodantha pisciformis. ! *Pedicularis curvipes. (M. M t. 

No. 106, 146.) H. The 778",.) S, r .phul .r .i •- . If. A dwarf- 

a fish-like outline, of a grey-green J with fine] 

colour strongly beset with spines ; the of ro>e-cohmred flowers. Himalaya. 



>iith fat. Xo. loii, 146.) H. One I Orchidaceae ^ S. A garden hybrid be- 



Opuntia xanthosoma gracilis. 

small, carmine red : a dwi 



Phajus Opoixi. 



Phaius Wallichii flavescens. (0. R. 

iyi.ui, l.V.i.) S. A vari 



"Orchis folioso-maculata. (0. It. Phalsenopsis schilleriano-stuarti- 

i ! b. r... ,, • ', -, '.\ , ,' tl the 



Oxytropis splendens. (gw. 1900 



*Phlomis lunarifolij 



Paphiopedilum magniflcuin. (o.R. Pinus Laricio Moseri. (J.MF.U 

I. .' : ■ ... ' ■ ; . ; . 

Paphiopedilum miniatum. co n t>; + + „„„„,. _ ^ +„ ^ ^ v, ^ n « 

...... 



fit. Yn 



Paphiopedilum pavoninum. ( ( 

v'. SI , Ball!) anr ' li "' r 

Passiflora europhylla. (<y. r. 



branches. Yunnan. (Toulouse B. G.) 

Plectranthus Coppini. (./. //. f. i '.">". 






".. Smith.) [PhyteuHiatp-] 



Podanthium lobelioides. (ffard. Robii 

190,1, hii, 4^5.) H. Similar to P. I (Spath Cat. 1900, 112.) Leg 

?racite but of more erect habit. (T. II. A r,,rm will. gra.rfullj 

Smith.) Asia Minor. [/>Ayf««,»» j pendulous branches. 
loMioU*.] 

' *Saxifraga salmonica. ((;, 

'Polemonium confertum melitum. xxvii. ;$oy."> saxifmpaeea'. 

Mountains. (J. Jackman i: Son.) >'. rorh.-H'inu and N. Imrteriaiu 

Polygala apopetala. (s.c.A.A.Cit. „ 

I90o ( ;; / ,'.; +,.. ,,. a tall 'Sempervivum Thomsom. 



Polygonum scandens. (<?. C. 

■■:-. ' 

the above name, the somewhat leat 
leaves of which are dark fjreen a 

"Veitch & Sons, Ltd.) 

Polygonum Spaethii. (#/*. 1900, 



'Primula kewensis. 



as Besseyi. (8pUh 



'Senecio auricul; 



*Solanum Worsleyi. 



green or grey. (F. Sandei 

•Pteris aroog 

"Elegant bi] 
Horticole < 
Raphiolepis Delacourii. 



middle and interior 
yellow. Colombia. (Sir Trevor Law- 



and fleshy 
)ell-shaped 



flowers are;.: 

Caucasus. (H. Correvon.) 

'Tagetes Lemmoni. (<?. c. 



*Thalictrum Chelidoni. (<?. C. 1900, 

r f. 48.) Ranunculaceaa. 
H. A dwarf species with temately 
divided leaves, pale green above, 



Van Tuhergen, Jnr., Haarlem. 

"Tupistra perakensis. (Q. a 

xxviii, 287.) Liliaeere. S. I) 



*Verbascum longifolium. (B. m. t 



Italy, &c. (Kew. 



arge yellow flowers. S. 



• -ientosa. (s.r.A.A, c«t. 

1900, 7ft.) Composite. G. A tall, 
growing species with silvery, woolly 
leaves, and ample corymbs of yellow 
flower heads. Lower California. 

Vriesia erecta. (jr. 11 1 

Bromeliaceas. S. A garden hybrid 
(Luxemburg Garden, Paris.) 

Vriesia imperialis. (J. 11. F. 1900, 

817.) S. A garden hybrid between 
V. mimbilh and V. Bex. (Duval & 

S-.n, Versailles) There is another 

is now referred to Tillandsia re'gina.] 

Xanthosoma Hoffmanni. j. 11. F. 

1900, 16, f. 2.) Aracea;. S. Leaf- 
stalk whitish with dark purple 



flower-spikes 8 in. long, the upper half 
a pure white disk-like spreading flat 


metallic reflections. Bp 

white. Mexico. (Micheli,' Geneva.) 

Zygocolax wiganiana. (O.R. woo, 

G. A garden hybrid tx 

i ■ 
(Sir F. Wigan.) 

Zygocolax woodlandsense. (Gari. 

lW'io. lvii.. No. 1.4. ■,'.!, vii.) G. A 
(Sir F. Wigan.) 

Zygopetalum Ballii. (6. C. 1900. 

xxvii, 143, f. 47.) G. Allied to 
Z. rottratvm ; sepal- 
freckled with white, lip white with 
tehea around the crest. (G. 


Urostigma aubtriplinervium. (B. h. 

1900, 597, f. 257.) 

leaves with ivory-white nerves. Brazil. 
(Andre, Paris.) 


Vanda coerulescens Regnieri. (b.ii. 

(Regnier, Fontenay-sous-Bois.) 

•Veratrum californicum. re C 

1900, xxviii, 22.) Liliacea;. H. A 
tall, growing species 6 -6 A 
a branchingpanicle of greenish-white 
(K?w r )' ° rt " We8t6rn AmeriCa - 



ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 

BULLETIN 

MISCELLANEOUS INFOKMATION. 

APPENDIX IV.-1901. 



LIST of the STAFFS of the ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS. 
Kew, and of Botanical Departments and Establish- 
ments at Home, and in India and the Colonies, in 
Correspondence with Kew. 

* Trained at Kew. f Recommended by Kew' 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew :— 

Director Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dver, 

K.C.M.Or., CLE., F.R.S., 
LL.D., Ph.D., M.A., F.L.S. 

Private Secretary - - - 

Assistant (Office) - - - ILH.W. Pearson, M.A., F.L.S. 

" - - . • William Nicholla Winn. 



Keeper of Herbarium and Librar 

Principal Assistant(Phaiiei-uiraiu 
(Cryptogams) 

Assistant (^H^rbarium) 



•Robert Allen Rolfe,A.L.S. 

Charles Henry Wrkrht, A.L.S. 
•Sidney Alfred Skan. 

Thomas Archibald Sprague, 
B.Sc. 

Stephen T. Dunn, B.A., 



98*7—1375—9/1' 



Keeper of Museums - - - John Mas 
Assistant (Museums) - - - *John H. Holland. 
Preparer George Badderly. 



Curator of the Gardens - - William Watson. 

Assistant Curator - - - "William J. Bean. 
Foremen : — 

Herbaceous Department - - *Walter Irving. 

Greenhouse and Ornamental Frank Garrett. 
Department. 

Arboretum - "William Dallimore. 

Tropical Department - - *Walter Hackett. 

Temperate House - - - "Charles P. Raffill. 



Cambridge.— University Botanic Garden :— 

Professor - - - Harry Marshall Ward, 
M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., 
F.L.S. 
Secretary to Botanic ) A. C. Seward, M.A., 

Garden Syndicate | I'.I-'.S. 
Curator - - - * Richard Irwin Lynch, 
A.L.S. 
Dublin. — Royal Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin : — 



Keeper 


Frederick W. Moore, 




A.L.S. 


Trinity College Botanic Gardens :— 




E. Perceval Wright, 




M.A., M.D., F.L.S. 


Curator 


•P. W. Burbidge, MA. 




F.L.S. 


Edinburgh.— Royal Botanic Garden :— 




Regius Keeper - 


Isaac Bayley I'.alt-nr, 
M.D., D.Sc, F.H.S.. 






F.L.S. 


Head Gardener - 


A. D. Richardson. 


Assistant Gimhwr - 


*R. L. Harrow. 


Glasgow.— Botanic Gardens : — 




University Professor - 


F. 0. Bower, M.A., 




D.Sc, F.R.S., F L.S. 


Curator - 


•Daniel Dewar. 


Oxford.— University Botanic Garden :— 




Professor - 


SydneyH.Vines,M.A., 




D.Sc, F.R.S., F.L.S. 


Curator 


♦William Baker. 



tendent, 
Barbados. — Dodd's Reformatory, Botanic Station : — 

Superintendent - John R. Bovell, F.L.S., 

F.C.S. 
Assistant Superinten- C. E. Stoute. 
dent. 
Acting Lecturer i 
cultural Science. 

Bermuda.— Botanic Station :— 
Superintendei 

British Central Africa.— Scientific Department :— 
Zomba - - Head of Department - J. McClounie. 



. Bishop. 



Foreste 

British East Africa.— 

East Africa Protectorate.- 



M. M. I'nrve.-. 



Head Gardener 



•John Mahon. 
R. N. Lyne, F.Li 



Assistant 

'!■! :i filial S 



it lent and 1 
Government Bo- [ 
tanist. ) 

IK-adUtrdener 



Eugene Campbell. 



Director of Govi 



Prof. John 

M.A., F.R.S.C., 

F.L.S. 
Jas. M. Macoun. 
Prof. Wm. Saun4er.>, 

LL. D., F. R. S. C, 

F.L.S. 



Montreal - 
Cape Colony.- 



tendent of Bo- ( 

tanic Garden. ) 
Botanist and Knto- 

mologist. 
Director, University 

Botanic Garden. 



W. T. Macoun. 
James Fletcher, F.L.S. 



Botanist Prof. MacOw 



Mycl^i* andAssis- 

tant Director. 
Government Entomo- 



Henaratgoda - Conductor 

Anuradhapura „ - 

Badulla - - „ . - 

Dominica.— Botanic Station :— 

Curator 

Agricultural Instruc- 

Agricultural School : — 

Officer in Charge 

Falkland Islands.— Go 



E. E. Green. 

*Hugh F. McMillan. 

E. H. Pereim. 

W. de Alwis. 
•William Nock. 

A. Perera. 

S. de Silva, Arachchi. 

D. F. de Silva. 

D. D. Fernando. 



il.nh, 



Federated Malay States.— Experime 

Superintendent 
Perak (Taiping).— Government Gardens 
Superintendent - 
Fiji.— Botanic Station :— 
Curator 



•Daniel Yeoward. 



Gambia.— Botanic ; 

( 

Gold Coast.— Beta 



Grenada.— Bot 
Hong: Kong-.- 



Travelling Instructo 
Hope Gardens - Superintendent - 
Hope Experiment „ 

Station. 
Castleton Garden „ 
Cinchona (Hill „ 

Garden). 
Kingston Parade „ 


nVilliam <Yad\viek. 
- * William Barrio. 
♦Thomas J. Harris. 

•William J. Thompson. 
John Campbell. 


King's House „ 


James Briscoe. 


Lecturer in Agricultural Science 

Lag"OS. — Botanic Station : — 
Curator 


|W. R. ] uttn h \\ 
M.A., BJ3c. 

*E. W. Foster. 
*T. B. Dawodu. 


Malta.— Argotti Botanic Garden :— 
Director - 


Dr. Francesco Debono. 


Mauritius. — Department of Forests and Botanic Gardens : — 
Pamplemousses - Director - - - J. Vankeirsbilck. 

1st Assistant - - Paul Koenig. 

2nd „ - - - S. E. Pougnet. 

Overseer - - - J. Powell. 
Curepipe - - Overseer - F. Bijoux. 
Reduit - - n ' - - W. A. Kennedy. 


Montserrat.— Botanic Station :— 
Curator 
Agricultural Instruc- 


*A. J. Jordan. 



John Medley Wood, 



Head Gardener - 
Pietermaritzburg Curator 


•James Wylie. 
G. Mitchell. 


New South Wales.— Botanic Gardens 
Sydney - - Director and Govern- 

Superintendent 
Botanical Assistant - 
Technological Museum : — 
Curator 


J. H. Maiden, F.L.S. 

George Harwood. 
E. Betche, 

R. T. Baker, F.L.S. 


New Zealand :— 

Wellington— Colonial Botanic Garden :- 

Head Gardener - 
Dunedin - - Superintendent - 

Invercargill - Head Gardener - 
Auckland - - Ranger 
Christchurch - Head Gardener - 


G. Gibb. 
J. McBean. 
W. Barton. 
Thomas Waugh. 
William Goldie 
'Ambrose Taylor. 


Queensland. — Botanic Department : — 
Brisbane - - Colonial Botanist 


F. M. Bailey, F.L.S. 


Botanic Gardens : — 

Director - 
Overseer - 


•Philip MacMahon. 
J. Tobin. 


Acclimatisation Society's Gardens : 
Secretary ami Mana^ei 
Overseer - 


Kdwanl Grimley. 
James Mitchell. 


Rockhampton - Superintendent - 


J. S. Edgar. 


St. KittS-NeviS.— Botanic Station :— 
Curator - 


•William Lunt. 


St. Lucia.— Botanic Station :— 
Curator 
Agricultural Instruc- 


•John Chisnall Mooi 
George S. Hudson. 


St. Vincent. — Botanic Station : — 
Curator 

A ■ • - - — 

Officer in Charge 


* Henry Powell. 
•M. McNeill. 


Sierra Leone.— Botanic Station :— 
Curator 


•J. P. Quinton. 



South Australia.— Botanic Garde: 
Adelaide - - Director - 
Port Darwin - Curator - 



Tasmania. — Botanic Gardens : — 
Hobart Town - Superintendent 
TobagO.— Botanic Station .— 



Victoria. — Botanic Garden! 

Melbourne- - Curator 

National Herbarium : 

Curator 

Virgin Islands.— 



W.R.Guilfoyle. 
J.G.Luehmann,F.L.S 
C. W. Seale. 



D.Sc, M.A.. F.L.S. 
Travelling Superin- G. W. Smith, 
tendent. 

Assistant - W. G. Freeman, B.Sc, 
F.L.S. 
Entomologist - - fH. M. Lefroy, B.A. 

Am-i.-iil- + Aii--r; H<»\vard. B.A.. 
tural Science. F.C.S. 

Honorary Consulting Prof. J. B. 
Chemist. M.A..K.1..".. K.r.s. 

Prof. J. P. 

que, M.A.. F.L.C.. 
F.C.S. 



Western Australia.— Department of Agriculture :— 
Perth- - - Botanist - - - Alexander Morrison. 
Consulting Botanist - F. Turner, F.L.S. 
(Sydney). 



Bengal, Assam, Burma; the Andaman* ; i n « 1 N'b-obars ; North- 
East Frontier Expeditions :— 

Superintendent of 
the Royal Ilotanic 
Gardens, Calcutta 
Bombay, including Bind :— 

Professor of Botany, 

Science, Poona - 

Madras: the State of Hyderabad and i 

Government Botanist, 



North-Western Provinces and Oudh ; the Punjab; the Central 
Provinces ; Central India; Ha';. N 'h-\\Ys( Frontier 

Expeditions :— 

Director of the Bo- l 



Reporter on Econo- ^ 
the' Government ^orge Watt MB., 
of India, Indian | C ' M -> CJE " FX - S ' 
Museum, Calcutta J 
Assistant Reporter - tl. H. Burkill, M.A., 
F.L.S. 
bengal.— Department of Royal Botanic Gardens :— 
Calcutta Superintendent - Major D. Pram 

(Seebpore) j LB { Ms j , L s 



Curator of Garden - *G. T. Lane. 
Assistant „ . *N Gill 
Probationer - »H. i Gr^n. 



Calcutta.— Agri- Horticultural Society 
Secretary 
Superintendent 

Superintendent, 



Mungpoo 



of India : — 
P. Lancaster. 
A. J. a Gisseleire. 

j Major D. Pi 
M.B.. I.M.S., PJ 
| F.R.SJL 
•R. Parting. 

•George H. Cave. 



Darbhangah.— Maharajah'- Garden : 



Bombay.— 

Poona - - 

Professor of Botan 


v G. A. Gammie. 


Ghorpuri— Botanic Garden : — 

Superintendent 


- P. G. Kanitkar. 


Bombay.— Municipal Garden : — 
Superintendent 


- C. D. Mahaluxm 


Karachi.— Municipal Garden :— 
Superintendent 





Central Provinces — 

Nagpur - - Superintendent 
Public Gardens. 


of M. Home Steph« 



Director of Govern- 
ment Cinchona 
Plantations. 

Curator of Gardens 
and Parks. 


■ W. M. Standen. 
•Robert L. Proudlock. 


.—Agri-Horticultural Society : — 




Hon. Secretary - 
Superintendent - 


A. G. Bourne, D.Sc 

F.R.S. 
•B. Cavanagh. 



Mysore (Bangalore) Superintendent 


*J. Cameron, F.L.S. 


Baroda 


*G. H. Krumbiegel. 


Gwalior 


fC. Maries, F.L S. 


Morvi - - - 


"Joseph Beck. 


Travancore (Trivandrum) „ 


H. S. Ferguson, F.L.S 


Udaipur 


T. H. Storey. 


North- West Provinces.— 




Agra (Taj Garden) Superintendent 


*A. E. P. Griessen. 


Allahabad - 


- *H. J. Davies. 


Cawnpur 


- G. H. T. Mayer. 


Kumaon (Ramghur) 


- *F. W. Seers. 


Lucknow 


- "Matthew Ridley. 


Saharanpur and ) 




Branch Garden, I 


- William Gollan. 


Mussoorie. \ 




Punjab.— 




Lahore - - Superintendent 


- H.G. Hein.