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Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, arc 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wi(h to become.fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

A while put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, ihrink, and die away. 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor fcorchcd by funs, nor killed by Uiade, 

Shall blufh with fcfs inconftant hue, 

Which Art at pleafure can renew. Liovd. 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neelv, & Jones, 20, Paternofter-Row, 
And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

i urih 

7th JulyL 

C *374 ] 

Neottia Speciosa. Red-Flowered 

<fh$ $ $ fr $ ft $ jt » ftjtftftft ♦>♦ 

C/iz/i rt?/^ Order. 
Gynandria Diandria* 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. 5-petala ringens, petalis exterioribus latcralibus antice 
circa bafin labelli ventricofam connexis. Anthera ftylo acumi- 
nata parallela, poftice inferta. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms* 

NEOTTIA fpeciofa; labello lanceolato indivifo, fcapo brae- 
teato, bracleis flore longioribus, foliis oblongis 
margine apicem verfus undulatis. JVilid. Sp. PL 
4. pi 72. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 510. 

NEOTTIA fpeciofa ; foliis crenato-undulatis, fpathis fuperi- 
oribus rubris. Jacq. ic. rar. 3. /. 600. Colleft. 3. 

p. 174. 
NEOTTIA fpeciofa. Bot. Repof. 3. Swarlz Orchid. <vide 

Tracls on BoU p. 1 53. t. 4-/« **. 
SERAPIAS fpeciofa. Gmel. Syfl. Nat. 2. p. 59. 
HELLEBORINE foliis liliaceis, radice afphodeli, major. 
Plum. Cat. p. 9. Jr. 190. A ? 

The Neottia fpeciofa is a native of the Well- India iflands, 
and, of courfe, requires to be kept conftantly in the bark 
ftove. WiLLDENOW doubted whether the figure publifhed by 
Mr. Andrews in the BotaniR's Repofitory might not reprefent 
a different fpecies from Jacquin's plant. Our drawing, how- 
ever, being certainly done from the fame fpecies as the former, 
leaves no room to doubt of the identity of all three. The co- 
lour of the leaves, as given in the Botanift's Repofitory, is 
much too dark a green, and the veining is falfely depicted ; 
but Willdenow has laid too much ftrefs upon the fmall un- 
dulation at the margin of the leaf, reprefented by Jacquin as 
giving an appearance of its being crenated ; for not unfre- 
quently this particular crifpature is altogether wanting, as in 
one of the leaves in our figure. 

Our drawing was made feveral years ago from a plant that 
flowered in December, at Mr. Woodford's, at Vauxhall, who 
imported it from the ifland of Barbadoes. Is eafily propagated 
by its roots. 

[ 1375 ] 


♦ ♦ $ $ $ $ ft $ $ ft ♦ ) { ( 3 J C ♦ ft 

C/fl/Jr #//^ Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha. Spadix fimplex floribus te&us. Cal. o. Petala 4. 
ifcttftf difperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

POTHOS pentaphylla i foliis digitatis quinatis ovatis acu- 
minatis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 687. Perfoon Syn. 1. 
p. 127. Hor/. jfe7#. ed. alt. 1. />. 270. 

DRACONTIUM pentaphyllum. Aublet Guian. 2. p. 837. 
/. a 26. 

Our drawing was made at the colleaion of Mr. Verb, of 
Kenfington-Gore. This gentleman's intelligent gardener in- 
forms us that it came from the Ifland of Trinidad. It appears 
to be the fame as Aub let's Dracontium pentaphyllum, who 
ftates that it is a native of the woods of Cayenne, where it 
climbs up the : trunks of old trees, throwing out roots at each 
knot, which infinuate themfelves in the crevices of the bark. 
We obferve a fpecimen of the fame in the Bankfian Herbarium' 
from the Ifland of St. Lucia. 

Requires to be kept in the bark ftove with other tropical 


J."SdtrmrJxJ)rl JM&ySi£»rA, 

,/,rfl JC 

C 1376 ] 

Mesembryanthemum minutum. Tiny 

ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ftjfr ft ft ' ft ft ft ♦ ♦ 

CA2/} tf»i Order. 


Generic Character* 
Cal. 5-fidus. /Vta/a numerofa, linearia, bafi cohaerentia. 
Cap/, turbinata, carnofa, infera, polyfperma. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM minutum; acaule, fubglobofum, 

apice concavo floriferum, co- 
rolla infundibuliformi. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM minutum; (acaule, obconicum, 

floribus feffilibus) laeve glaucum 
immaculatum, petalislaete rubi- 
cundis. Haworth Mefemb. p. 
126. Mifc. Nat. p. 1. 

The petals in thi^s genus for the moft part (lightly cohere at 
the bafe -, in fome ihey form a fhort tube ; but in this fpecies 
they unite into a tube above a quarter of an inch in length, 
narrowing downwards fo as to give the corolla fomewhat the 
form of a funnel. The plant confifts of a congeries of flelhy 
knobs, roundifh, hollowed at the apex. # From the centre of 
this depreflion the flower is produced. ' Haworth confiders 
thefe button-like fubflances as the leaves, Willdenow, in a 
nearly-related fpecies (minimum) as the ftems. The former of 
courfe charaaerizes it as acaule or ftemlefs, the latter would 
call it aphyllum or leaflefs. 

What renders this elegant little vegetable the more acceptable 
is, that it produces its lively flowers from the middle of Novem- 
ber to near Chriftmas. 

Our Specimen was kindly communicated by Mr. Haworth, 
from his very extenfive collection at Little Chelfea. This 
adds to the value of our figure, from the certainty of its re- 
prefenting the plant intended by the intelligent author of the 
monograph on this genus. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be de- 
fended from froft, and, after it has done flowering, to be kept 
without water during the reft of the winter. 

N V J3J']. 

rtur Wa 

[ *377 ] 
Rosa bracteata. Macartny's Rose. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Char abler. 

Cal. urceolatus 5-fidus, carnofus, collo coarclatus. PctaJa 5. 
Semina plurima hifpida calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Cbarafter and Synonyms. 

ROSA brableata ; floribus folitariis fubfeffilibus brafteatis, 
fiipulis pe&inatis, caule foliifque aculeatis: foliolis 
ovatis crenatis glabris. 

ROSA bracleata ,• germinibus pyriformibus fericeis bra&eatis, 
caule aculeato, foliis pinnatis aculeatis : foliolis ovatis 
crenatis glabris fubaculeatis, floribus folitariis. IVendL 
Obf n. 50. Hort. Herrcnhauf. t, 23. IVilld. 2. p. 1080. 
Vent, Celf. t. 28. 

Native of China, whence it was introduced by Lord 
Macartny, on his return from his embaffy to that country. 
It bears the cold of our climate very well, and is eafily pro- 
pagated by layers or cuttings. 

At Mr. Malcolm's Nurfery at Kenfington, where our 
drawing was taken, there is a very fine fpecimen, planted 
againfi a wall, fome of the branches of which did fpread five or 
fix feet ; but it is now much reduced by the pruning knife. 
The leaves are evergreen, and the flowers fragrant: circum- 
ftances that add to its value. 


C 1378 ] 



4M<- Mh(h| jMi » »M» » M *#+# 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N is - 549, 789, 846, 1013. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA monadelpha. Vid.fupra No. 607 g indeque et Jynonyma, 

quibus fubneclendte. 
IXIA monadelpha. Burm. Prod. Fl. cap. 1. Hort.Kew. ed. 2. 

1. 87. 
GALAX I A ixi<eflora. Lil. a Redoute, tab. 41. 
f/3.) flore aurantiaco-flavefcente macula centrali fufca. G. 
IXIA curt a. Bo tan. Repof. tab. 554. (in icone) dlxiv. (in 

textus pagina). 

A variety of this fpecies has already appeared in No. 607 of 
this work ; to this we refer for what further relates to the 
fpecies. G. 

t V,*J3?Q. 

2"WJw**A>2>d.. JL 

C *379 3 
Ixia Fucata. Painted-flowered Ixia. 

^♦♦t »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler.—Vid. K li - 549, 789, 846, 1013. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA fucata; foliis plufculis, angufte lineari-gramineis, glau- 
cinis, fcapo brevioribus ; fpica pauci- (1— 2) flora, 
flexuofa finubus profundis ; fpathis acutis (triads tubo 
fubtriplo brevioribus ; corolla hypocrateriformi ; tubo 
fubclavato drifto itriato ; laciniis ellipticis tubo brevi- 
oribus, extimis deflexulis, intimis incurvulis ; filamentis 
columellari-compaais antheras ereao-divergentes fub- 
acquantibus ; ftigmatibus antherarum bafin verfus re- 
curvatis. G. 

Obs. Jffinis n'tmium Ixi^e capillar! (N** 57°> 6»7» «°«3-) oc ft ejus 
hybrida; fed foliis glaucls enerviis, corolla tubo nee in faucem amphato ; 
limbique infexione diverfa. G. 

The prefent drawing was made feveral years ago from a 
plant which flowered in the colleaion of Meflrs. Lee and 
Kennedy at Hammerfmith. Is it a genuine fpecies, or the 
mixed produaion of crateroides (No. 594) and capillaW, bred 
in our own gardens ? We have never met with any other fpe- 
cies than the prefent. Stem about flx inches high ; fpiketwo- 
flowered ; corolla more than an inch long ; limb white fuffufed 
with crimfon, particularly on the outfide, with a bright-crimfon 
radiated fpot (neaaroftigma. Sprengell Hijl. R. Herb.) on the 
inner bafe of each fegment. G. 


[ 1380 ] 

Drimia lance^efolia (3.) Lesser plain- 
leaved Drimia. 


# ♦$$♦♦♦» &♦♦♦♦♦>♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Inflor. feorfim bracleata. CaL o. Cor. infera, perfiftens, ere£la 
vel pendulo-cernua, regularis, aequalis, hexapctaloideo-partira, 
e tubulofo claufa reflexo-patens, laciniis ligulatis apice callofis 
inflexis. Fil. imse corollae affixa, planiufcula, fubulata, recta, 
aequalia, faepius fafciculato-proftantia. Anth. oblongae, ere&se. 
Germ, polyfpermum, rarius curto ftipite nixum. Stylus ftriato- 
gracilefcens, curvulus. Stig. obfcurius muricato-trigonum. 
Gap/, erefta, velata, fcariofo-pergamea, turbinato- vel ovato- 
oblonga, acute vel rotundatim trilobo-trigona, 3-loc, 3-valv., 
valvis medio feptigeris. Sem. in quolibet loculamento pauca 
(1 — 2) adolefcentia, oblonga deorfum attenuata, erefta ; in- 
terdum (fide Jacquini) unicum reliquis compreffis loculamentis 
in amplitudinem totius capfulae laxatum. G. 

Obs. Bulbus rarius complete tunicatus et membrana veftitus, fapius 
nudus ac vel tunicato-fquamofus ex femitunicis vel fquamis amplis ita inter ft 
compaclis ut vix appareant jimclura, vel ex ijlis ina-qualibus Jurfumque im- 
bricatis laxius fquamofus ; folia plura carmfula, craffiufcula, ambientia, 
tfafciato-convolutis divergentia, a piano obver/a, linearia ad lato-lanceolata, 
acuminata; fcapus tardior illtfve fimultaneus ; racemus continuus fpicatim 
elongatus vel brevis ac diffufus ; pedicelli unifiori brands Jingularibus 
acuminatis aridis, aliis vacuis vagis baud infrequent er interf per/is, Juffultt. 
^Lachenali a facile fe deftgnat corolla aquali reflexa ac Jtaminibus reclis. 
Albucam propius collimat ex illius phyfode ; (fupra No. 1046 .) G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DRIMIA lance<efolia ; bulbo tunicato, veftito ; foliis pluribus 
divaricatis, lanceolatis, fcapo brevioribus ; racemo 
multi-paucifloro, recurvo-patentiffimo ; pedicellis 
braaea minuta fubulata aliquoties longionbus ; 
corolla cernua laciniis revolutis ; germine breviter 
ftipitato, oblato-conico, rotundato-fexlobo in mar- 
ginem fexdentatam deorfum direBam extenfo ; ftylo 
fexftriato; capfula rotundato-triloba, fexfulca. G. 

(*) major ; foliis lanceolato-acuminatis glaucis nigro-maculohs ; 
racemo cylindraceo-pyramidato numerofiore denfiore. G. 

LACHENALIA lance<efolia. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. tab. 402. Coll. 
Suppl. 69. mild. Sp. PI. 2 .- 178. 1/7. a 
Redout e t tab. 59. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 287. 
Nobis ftipra No. 643. 

(j3) minor; foliis ovato-lanceolatis immaculatis ; racemo diffufo 
rariore, modo fubquadrifloro-depauperato. G. 

LACHENALIA reflexa. Bot. Rep. t. 299; (nee Thunb. Prod.) 

HYACINTHUS revolutus. Hort. Kew. 1. 458. edit. 2. 2. 
283. ( De fynonymo certi fumus ex ipfofpeci- 
mine in Herb. Banks, repofito ; ubi priori fuo 
Jubncxum habet DrimivE undulatae nomen\ 
id jure probabiliter apponendum erit plant* 
cognomini Linn. Suppl. 204. et Thunb* Prod. 
64. ob folia undulata.) 

To continue this plant under Lachenalia, now that 
Drimia has been conftituted, feems to us to be to create an 
unneceifary disturbance in the arrangement of the genera. It 
has all the characters of Drimia, except in where it difagrees 
from both that and Lachenalia, as in its fix-lobed and 
ftipitate germen, which lafl charafteriftic is however, we think, 
perceptible in Jacquin's figure of Drimia undulata. 

For further account of the fpecies, we refer back to No. 643. 
Both varieties are natives of the Cape of Good Hope, and of 
eafy culture in a common greenhouie. G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 

lanceasfolia. Supra No. 

undulata. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 376. Coll. Suppl, 41. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2. 166. (excl. Hort. Kew.) Hyacinthus 

revolutus. Linn. Suppl. 204. Thunb. Prod. 64. 
ciliaris. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. 377. Coll. Suppl. 41. Willd. L c. 165. 
pufilla.* Jacq. 1. c. t. 374. p. 42. Willd. I. c. 166. 
media. Jacq. I. c. t. 375. p. 40. Willd. I. c. 
elata. Supra No. 822. 
altiffima. Supra No. 1074. Ornitiiogalum, Willd. I.e. 11 9^ 

Ornithocalum giganteum. Jacq. hlort. Schoenb. 

1. 45. /. 87. 


In No. 822, our obfervation concerning the Hyacinthus 
revolutus of the " Hortus Kewenfis," fhould be modified ac- 
cording to the above fynonymy. G. 



C 1381 ] 

Allium bisulcum. Jonquil-leaved 

Clajs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charaf/er. — Fid. No. 774. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM bifttlcum ; (rhizoma Jenefcens tranfverje lulbiceps ;) 
bulbo ovato-oblongato ; foliis pluribus a piano 
bifariis, brevi - vaginantibus, craffis, femitereti- 
linearibus, acutis, canaliculars (inlerioribus id 
etiam utrinque, fide Redouttei), fcapo :ereti bre- 
vioribus ; umbella congelta convexius faftigiata, 
fpatham tranfeunte ; corolla fubcampanulata la- 
ciniis ovalibus ftamina aequantibus ; filamentis 
fubulatis, alternis bafi Iatioribus; germine viridi, 
trilobo-rotundo, trifulco. G. 

ALLIUM bifttlcum, Lil. a Redout /. tab. 286. 

The refemblance of the prefent plant id Jenefcens (Mo. 1 1 50.) 
«s fo near, that we were not without fufpicion of their being 
mere varieties. We have however been determined by the 
Work above cited, in confidering them as diitincL Bifulctim 
has narrow thick femicvlindric leaves of a clear deep green 
colour in no way twitted, in Jenefcens thefe are narrow lorate 
g'aucous and twifted or oblique ; in our plant the jlamens are 
even in length with the corolla, in that they reach fomewhat 
De yond it ; here the germen is green with (lightly protuberant 
jobes, in that it is purplilh with very ftrongly protuberant 
«obes. Blooms in June and July. Perfectly hardy and of eafy 


Our drawing was taken from a plant in the felett collection 
of Mr. Haworth, the only one in which we have obferved 
it. It has been fome time cultivated both here and in the 
gardens about Paris; but whence its origin is {till unknown. 

We did not notice the bifulcate character of the inner leaves 
from which the fpecific name has been adopted by Redoute; 
but if fuch exifts, the outer furrow is moft probably the im- 
preflion of the leaf at the back formed during its more com- 
prefled ftage of foliation, or elfe it would be equally prefent at 
the back of the two outer ones. G, 

J\tAiv. J'.C'urfcr. WalrorffisSune. Z.101J 

C ^ ] 


♦ fr ♦♦♦♦ lM#fr$X ' frft> 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic CharaEler. 
Inflor. feorfim bra&eolata. CaL o. Cor. infera, perfiftens, 
erefia, regularis, sequalis, hexapetaloideo partita, obiato- 
oblongove-campanulata, laciniis ovatis ligulatifve imbricauone 
laxa. St am, imae corollae affixa, aequalia vel fubaequalia, ere6ro- 
conniventia, inclufa. Fil. complanata, ovato-fubulata. Antb. 
didymae loculis apice connexis, ereftas, introrfae. Stylus ftriato- 
filiformis, reftus. Stig. obfolete trifidum, hifpidulo fubcapitel- 
latum. Cap/, pergamea, rotundato-oblonga, trilobo-trigona, 
3-loc, 3-valv. valvis medio feptigeris ftellatim replicandis. 
Sem. afTurgentia, in loculamento pauca, fepti margini interiori 
utrinque (nunc unicum imo angulo) pedicellatim annexa, pappo 
nucleoplurimumlongiore, cujus expanfione elaftica extricanda, 
conte&a. G. 

Obs. Rhizoma tubericeps perennans, fubterraneum, folido-carnofum, 
corticatum, ut phirimum irregulariter rotundatum tubercfs-muUiceps nitus 
purpurafcens, rarius decolorum informius obhngatum modove aquahiUter orbi- 
culatum gemma unica carnofa fuperftratum ; folium annuum r:dicale, in 
fingula gemma fmgulum, involuto-petiolatum, lamina lato-ovata ad augufte 
oblongatam, coriaceo-craffa, nervofa venis rugulifve tranfverfis ; fapiusjtm- 
pHciJJima, nunc ab omni facie Japina foliolis Unearibus Jlriclis pulluf/inte 
echinatimfrondicuhja (folioliferum.), aut nunc in parvitatem Jlipula coa&a 
frondem compoftte linear 1 -folio/am plumiformem triuncialem e fmu petiolari 
prcduftam gerente (paradoxicum.) ; fcapus e vagina radically teres, Jlnclus, 
tempore alio ac folium vigens ; raccmus diffttus vel congcjlus, flores fubfef- 
fdes vel longius pediccllati brafteolis acutis fmgularibus . Genus fcatens ano- 
malis, cat era ad DriMFAM quadantenus acccdens. Seminis pent tiara a 
Jacquino ncglecla nequedum Ucuit exquirere. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
ERIOSPERMUM latifolium ; rhizomate gemmis tuberofis 
multicipiti-torofo,iubrotundo; folii lamina 
rotundo-ovata acuta nervofa venis tranf- 
verfis rugulofa, fubtus pallido-glabrata; 
racemo laxius multifloro patente ; corolla 
oblato-campanulata papillis glandulofis pel- 
lucidispruinata; laciniis interioribus ob- 
ovatis fubbrcvioribus acutulis apicc erofo- 
denticulatis ; filamentis membranaceis 
ovato-acuminatis corolla tertia parte cir- 


citer brevioribus; antheris didymo-ovatis ; 

germine ovato-globofo, obfolete trilobo, 

trifulco, triftriato; ftylo ftaminibus sequali ; 

ftigmate inconfpicuius fubtrifido, murica- 

tulo. G. 
(a.) pedicellis flore vix longioribus. Specim. fpont. in Herb. Banks, 
(3.) pedicellis flore pluries longioribus. Specim, cult* Hort. 

Kew. in Herb. Banks. 
ERIOSPERMUM latifolitun. Jacq. ic. rar. tab, 420. Coll. 

Suppl. 73. mild. Sp. PI. 2. no. Hon, 

Kew. ed. 2. 2. 256. 
ORNITHOGALUM capenjt, Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 441. Mill. 

Dill, ed. 8. n. 9. Tbunb. Prod. 62, Lam, 

E'nyc. A. 618. 
O. foliis cordatis ovatis. Mill. DiiJ. ed. 7. n. 12. 
O. africanum Plantaginis rofcae folio radice tuberofa. Comm. 

Hort. 2. 175. t. 88. Boerh. Ind. Alt. 2. 142. 
O. affinis radice tuberofa, Cyclaminis folio C. B. S., flore pal- 

lide cazruleo. Breyn. Cent. 1. 93. tab. 41. 

Rudb. Ely/, tab. 138./. 14. 

Rootjlock from about the fize of a hen's egg to that of a child's 
head ; blade of the leaf from about two to near three inches 
broad ; /cape from one to two feet high ; flowers yellowifh 
white, with a mixture of green and fometimes of purple, fcarcely 
the third of an inch in diameter when expanded ; fcentlefs, ap- 
pearing about November and fucceeded by the leaf about 
February. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, whence it was 
introduced into gardens as far back as the days of iMiller. 
Our drawing was taken at Mr. Knight's Nurfery, King's- 
Road, Fulham ; the plant had been imported by. Mr. & G. 
IJibbert. Several (perhaps all) of the fpecies vary greatly 
in the length of the pedicles ; a mode of variation to fuch an 
extent not ufual in the genera of this order. G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 
paradoxicum. Nobis. Ornithogalum paradoxicum. Jacq. 
Collect. Suppl. 81. tab. 1. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2 . 115. 
fohohfcrum. Botan. Repofit, tab. 521. ubi male fijiitur infloref- 
centia quafi cumfoliatura coexiftenle ; dmn altera pofi 
alteram emarcidam enafci aeperit. 
pubefcens. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 3. 7. tab. 264. 
lanuginofum. Jacq. Inc. cit. tab, 265. 
iatifolium. Supra No. 1382. 
lanccsefolium. Jacq. ic, rar. 2. t. 421. Coll. Suppl. 72. Willd. 

Sp. PI. 2. 111. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 256. 
parvifoliurn. Jacq, he. cit. 422. Coll. Suppl. 74, Willd.loc.cit. 


JitS.ay ' *£egr& June. 1. 18U. J?J 

C i3%3 ] 

Strumaria spiralis. Spiral-stalked 

» ♦♦ * » » »V» ♦^ ^ jd » it » j| jm 

CAz/jr iz«^ Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 1463. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

STRUMARIA fpiralis ; foliis femifiliformibus canaliculars, 
glandulis elevato-punfticulatis, tandem flex- 
uofo vel gyrato-proftratis; fcapo parum altiore, 
fubclavato-filiformi, elaftico-flexili, juxta fu- 
pra bafm finubus fubbinis flexuofo; umbella 
uni-pauci flora, pedicellis teretibus ftriaiufculis 
papillofo-punfticulatis, flore duplo longiori- 
bus; corolla turbinato-campanulata, bafi in 
brevem tubulum connexa, laciniis oblongo- 
lanceolatis recurvo-patulis, alternis obtufulis; 
ftaminibus corolla duplo brevioribus, alternis 
parum longioribus; ftylo fufiformi-aciculari, 
obtufangulo triquetro, trifulco; frigmatibus 
hirtulis, rcplicatis; feminibus bulbillofo-Iaxa- 

„,„ , tis, herbaceo-emollitis; (anne conjlanter?) G. 

o i K U M A R I A Jpiralis. Hon. Kezv. ed. 2 . 2 . 213. Nobis Jupra 

r No. 1363. pag. alt. in/pec. mm. 

^ARPOLYZA Spiralis. Parad. Londin. tab. 63. 

^KISUM /pirate. Botan. Repofit. tab. 92. 

UUNUM tenellum. Jacn. ic. rar. 2. /. 363. ColLfuppl. 40. 

HiEMANTHUS Spiralis. Hort. Kezv. 1. 405. Ihunb. Prod. 58. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. 2. 28. 

AMARYLLIS Spiralis. LHerit. Serf, anglic. p. 10. (exclufa 
pajjim citata tabula uii hatlenus inedita.) Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. Gmel. Syjl Nat. torn. 2. 539. 

in h ab ° Ut tIlC fize ° f a **P arrow ' s C S8 ' leatves 4 or 5> 2—3 

jtf ! ? n S> vei T flendcr, deep green; [cape fomewhat higher 

an there, as well as them enclofed at the bafe within a membra- 

Us root Jheath, in the fpecimens we examined flexuofe below 

the middle with about two bays or bendings, but not winding 
fpirally in rounds ; pedicles from an inch and a half to about two 
inches long; anthers yellow, three alternate ones exploding 
before the reft. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it 
was found by Mr. Bruguifre in fandy fpots near the town. 
Introduced into Kew Gardens by Mr. Masson in 1774. A 
oreenhoufe plant; blooms Spring and Autumn. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Knight's Nurfery, King's- 
Road, Chelfea. G. 


In the late article of STRUMARIA crifpa (No. 1363), we 
have neglected to obferve, that there can be fcarcely a doubt, 
but that the following fynonyms mould be added to the others 
which have been already adduced, viz. 

AMARYLLIS cinnamomea; corollis fubhexapetalis lanceolatis 
undulatis, genitalibus erectis, corolla brevio- 
ribus. LHertt. jert. angl. 16. n. 27. (exclufa 
tabula a tat a uti hucufque inedita.) Mart. Mill. 
Dicl. n. 29. Gmel. Syjh Nat. torn. 2. 540. 

Willdenow has omitted to adopt the above in his " Species 
Plantarum," either as a fynonym or diftinft fpecies. G. 

A*S.i r j: OrS, WwjiAmtMt 

C 1384 ] 

Crocus sulphureus (/3.) Self-coloured 
old Cloth of Gold Crocus. 

Clafs and Order, 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No, 1110. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS fulphureus; (vernalis : bivalvis ; faux nuda ; ) bulbo- 
tuberis indufio exteriore fcariofo-membranaceo 
tenui, nervujis denfe reailineo-ftriatulo; fafciculis 
fubfexfoliis. ; corollas limbo aequabiliter radiato- 
patente ; (antherisjn cultisfaltem i f ( epiusvacuisatqne 
pallidis ;) ftigmatibus clavato-cucullatis ore erofb- 
lacinulatis, inasqualibus, pallidis, ftamina longe 
fuperantibus. G. 

CROCUS fulphureus. Supra No. 938 et No. 1111. pag. alt. 
in f pec. enum. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. 1. 81. 

(«.} corollae limbi laciniis lineis plumofis fufcis extus infcriptis. 
G. Supra No. 938. Specim.fpont. ex agro haleppenft 
a Do. P. Ruffe 11 Herb. Banks, repojitum. 

CROCUS vernus flavus (hiatus. Park. Parad. 163./. 10. 

CROCUS vernus latifblius flavo-vario. fiore. Rati, Hiji.p. 

( 1174. ;/. 8. defer, optima. 

(N corolla concolore. G. 

CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo fiore minore et pallidiore. 
Bauh. Pin. 66. Tournef. Injl. 352. 

-Narrow-leaved Spring Crocus with fmaller Brimftone coloured 
flowers. Mill, Die!, ed. 7. 

J his variety is rarely met with in our garden ; nor did we 
^cr fee any considerable number of fpecimens of it, except at 
Mr « Williams's Nurfery, Turnham-Green. It is at all times 
r cadily diftinguifhed from mcefacus and fufianus % although 
a Pproaching them fo near in the colour of the corolla. For 
more particular account of the fpecies we refer to No. 038 of 
th iswork. G, 

E R RA T A. 

No. 1379, I- 5 & 6 from the bottom, for "fpecies" read '* fpecimen." 
No * 1380, pag. alt. 1. 26, poll " No." infere " J380." 



C 1385 ] 

Allium Ampeloprasum. Great 
round-headed garlic. 

Oafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid, N°- 774- 

Specific Char after and Synonyms, 

ALLIUM Ampcloprafum ; ( bulbus bafi mulliparus s ) foliis 
lonaius vaginantibus laminis fucculentis rcmotiufcule 
bifariis, ligulato-attenuatis, carinatis, deorfum mar- 
gine ferrulato-fcabridis, caule tereti fubcompreffo 
brevioribus, glaucis ; I'patha univalvi globofo-pyra- 
midata fsepe decidua ; umbeila numerofiflima, fphae- 
rica, congefta, pedicellis fiore longioribus ; corolla 
bafin ufque partita, firma, ovato-connivente; lacinns 
ifometris, extcrioribus navicularibus carina fcabra, 
interioribus planiufculis obtufioribus ; filamentis 
contiguis, bafi connatis, corollam tranfeuntibus, 
alternis latiflimis ciliatis tricufpidatis cufpide amhe- 
rifera lateralibus cito arefcentibus fere duplo bre- 
viore- germine fubrhombeo-ovali, fexftnato, minu- 
tiffime punQiculato, zona e projeBuris tribus tranf- 
verfim continentibus emarginatis finguhs porum 
neaarifluum foverrtibus juxta infra medium cincto, 
inde furfum prifmatico-pyramidato ; ftylo a brevi 
fetiformi obtufulo fenfim excrefente. G. 

ALLIUM Ampcloprafum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 423- ****** 
Eng.Bot, tab,i6 57 . For, Brit. 1. 355; Frod,FL 
*r*c. Sibthorp 1. 221. Brotcro FL lufit, 1. 540. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 63. Hort. Kew. ed, 2. 2. 232 ; 
(excl. paffim Micheli.) 

ALLIUM radice fobolifera, foliis gramineis, fpica fphanica, 
ftaminibus alterne trifidis. Hall. helv. «. 1218. 

ALLIUM ftaminibus alterne trifidis, foliis gramineis flonbus 
fphserice congeftis, radice fobolifera. Hall, cpujc. 
344. n. 5. de AIL n. 5. SCORODOPRASUM 

SCORODOPRASUM I. Cluf. hifl. i 9 o. 

((3.) planta minor floribus faturate purpureo-rubentibus. G. 

ALLIUM Ampeloprafum. Wald. & Kitaih plant, rar. buwar 

1. 84. tab. 82. * 

Porros bravos. Lufitanis. 

We own we can fee no reafon for believing this plant 
to be fpecifically diftina from the Leek (A. Porrum), whofe 
origin is yet to be difcovered unlefs referred to the prefent 
fpecies, which we know to be native of the Levant, Portugal, 
Hungary, and of the Holms Ifland in the Briftol Channel. 
Clufius received it among other bulbs from Conftan- 
tinople, where he fays it is a favourite vegetable. Haller 
doubts its claim to a Swifs origin. Known in our gardens 
at leaft as far back as the days of Gerard. Flowers in July 
and Auguft. Our drawing was made from Mr. Haworth's 
collection. G. 


C 1386 ] 

Geranium ibericum. Iberian Geranium. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Col. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, regularis. Nell, glandulae 5, 
melliferae, bail longiorum filamentorum adnatae. Arilli 5, 1- 
fpermi,ariftati, ad bafm receptaculi roftrati : ariftis nudis, rectis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GERANIUM ibericum; pedunculis bifloris, petalis trilobo- 
emarginatis foliis fubfeptemlobis incifo-dentatis, 
caule villofo. Willd. Sp. PL $. p. 702. Perfoon 
Syn. 2. p. 235. Lanark DicJ. 2. p. 658. Bieberji. 
FL Taurico-Caucafica. 2. p. 135. 

GERANIUM ibericum; caule herbaceo dichotomo villofo, 
foliis oppofitis quinquepartitis incifis, petalis 
trilobis medio breviore cufpidato. Cav. Dijf. 4. 
p. 209. /. 124./. 1. 

GERANIUM orientale batrachioides amplioribus foliis, flore 
maximo. Tourn. Cor. 20. 

Cav an 1 lles inferted this plant upon the authority of a draw- 
ing executed by Tourn efort himfelf, now in the poffeffion 
of Jussieu. Since Tournefort's time we doubt if this Ge- 
ranium has been fubmitted to the eyes of any Botanift, till it 
was difcovered on the Iberian fide of Mount Caucafus, by 
M. Bieberstein, and publifhed in his Flora raurico-Caucqfica, 
a very interesting work, in two volumes oaavo, but which has 
not we believe as yet found its way to this country, except a 
fingle copy, the property of Mr. Stackhouse. 

Accordingto Bieberstein the middle lobule, much fmaller 
in our plant than in Cavanille's figure, is fometimes entirely 
wanting. Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Whitley and 
Brame's Nurfery, now removing from Old-Brompton to Ful- 
ham, where thefe fpirited cultivators of rare and valuable plants 
have taken the extenfive premifes late in the poffeffion of 
Mr.BuRCHELL. Flowers in June, and is fuppofed to be hardy 
enough to bear our winters without protection. 

PLhtySthrKr Wa/xvo 

L 1387 ] 

Cytisus divaricatus(3.) Smooth-leaved 
straddling cytisus. 

♦ ♦ fr » » » i f i t y » $ » » » t » $ #■ 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus : labio fuperiore 2-dentato. Carina ere&a. 
Legum. bafi attenuatum compreffum. (Stamina monadelpha. 
Pol. ternataj. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

CYTISUS divaricaius ; racemis terminalibus ere&is, calycibus 

leguminibufque ramentaceo-vifcidis, foliolis ob- 

longis. Hort. Kew. (1789) 3. p. 50. Willd. 3. 

p. 1119. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 309. 
CYTISUS divaricatus ; racemis terminalibus ereftis ramis 

divaricatis canis, leguminibus glandulofo-muricatis. 

L'Herit. Stirp. 1 84. 
SPARTIUM complication, foliis ternatis foliolis conduplicatis, 

caulibus inermibus proftratis glabris, leguminibus 

fcabris. Sp. PL 996. 
CYTISUS foliis incanis anguftis quafi complicatis. Bauh. Pin. 

CYTISUS montis Calcaris. Bauh. Hijl. 1. part 2. p. 370? 
CYTISUS fecundus. Cluf. Hijl. 1. p. 94. Hifp. 190. fir. 192. 
\P') elatior, foliis glabris explicatis, calycibus pilofis nee glandu- 

lofis, caule ere&o. 
CYTISUS primus. Cluf. Hijl. 1. p. 94. Hifp. igo.ic. 191. 

Desc A brancby fhrub : branches going off at right angles, 
an gular, hairy, efpecially towards the extremities. Leaves ter- 
ete, upon footftalks fhorter than the leaflets, fafcicled, one ge- 
nerally larger than the reft, two confiderably fmaller,and a fourth 


hardly perfeft: leaflets elliptical, green, fmooth, for the moft part 
open and not folded as in (a). Stipules minute and falling early, 
lnflorefcence in terminal racemes of fine yellow flowers. Bracles 
ciliated, deciduous. Peduncles about the length of the calyx, 
moftly red, villous. Calyx 2-lipped, 5-toothed, \ : under lip twice 
the length of the upper. Vexillum oval, quite entire, reflexed in 
the day, but at night clofing over and protecting the al<e and 
carina. Filaments all connected. Germen linear, ftraight : Jlyle 
afcending: Jligma capitate. Legume oblong, narrowed at the 
bale, glandular-muricate. 

This is an ere£t fhrub, growing feveral feet high ; and has 
by no means proftrate Hems, nor are the leaflets ordinarily 
conduplicate. It poflefies very little hoarinefs or clamminefs; 
and appears to us to correfpond better with the Cytisus primus. 
ofCLUsius, than the fccundm ; and, like it, the leaves have a. 
leguminous talte, and though bitter are not intenfely fo. We 
confider Genista canarienfu, of which the Cytisus primus of 
Clusius was made a fynonym by Linn^us, to be altogeiher 
a diftinft: plant, bearing its flowers in crowded clutters at the 
extremities of the branchlets, not in pyramidal racemes as in 
our plant, and in Clusius's figure. Communicated by Meffrs. 
Lod dices and Sons. Flowers in Auguft. Native of Spain, 
Italy, and Southern France. Requires fome protection froia 



fltb.&yu: Lutfo V, 

C 1388 ] 

tussilago fragrans. sweet-scented 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Characler* 

Cal. fimplex : fquamae asquales, difcum aequantes, fubmem- 
branaceae. Cor. femineae ligulatae f. edentulae. Rec. nudum. 
Pappus fimplex, feffilis. (Flofculi plerifque polygamo-dioici.) 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

TUSSILAGO fragrans ; thyrfo faftigiato, floribus radiatis, 
foliis fubrotundo-cordatis sequaliter denticulatis 
fubtus pubefcentibus. Willd. $p. PL 3 p. 1969. 
Perfoon Syrt. 2. p. 455- „ , ,. - . 

TUSSILAGO fragrant, thyrfo corymbofo, pedunculis Jub- 
ramofis, floribus breviter radiatis, folns acute 
crenatis integris reniformibus fubtus hirfutis. 
Pillars Acl. Soc. Nat. Sena. Pari/, p. 72. /. 12. 

Said to grow fpontaneoufly about Naples ; but has not, that 
we know of, been noticed by any Botanift before Villars. 
Of late years it has been commonly cultivated in gardens in 
France for the fake of its fragrant flowers, whicn much re- 
femble in odour thofe of Heliotropium peruvtanum. It is 
as yet rather rare with us, but will probably foon be common 
enough, being eafily propagated by its creeping roots. Intro- 
duced byMcffrs. Lee and Kennedy, at whofe Nurfery at 
Hammeffmith our drawing was taken, from a plant flowering 
in the greenhoufe before Chrittmas. It is however fufficiently 
hardy to bear our winters in the open air, when of courle it 
will blow later. 


[ 13*9 ] 


Oafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

CaL fubbilabiatus, 5-fidus. Cor. papiiionacea : alae vexilli 
longitudine. Leg. Iseve, ventricofum, polyfpermum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PODALYRIA lupinoides ; foliis ternatis petiolatis, foliolis 
elliptico-lanceolatis obtufis pubefcentibus, fti- 
pulis lanceolatis petiolo longioribus. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 504. Lamark III. t,$ai.f. 2. 
Perfoon Syn. 1. /?. 453. 

SOPHORA lupinoides. Sp. PI. 534. Pallas It. 2. >. 6 7 6. 
Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 18. Hort. Kew. 1789. 2. 

SOPHORA foliis ternatis, fpica verticillata. Amcen. Acad. 2. 
p. 350. 

Podalyria lupinoides^ though introduced to this country 
by the Duke of Northumberland as early as 1775, is ftill 
v ery rare. Mr. Loddiges, to whom we are indebted for the 
plant from which our drawing was taken, has been in poffeflion 
or it feveral years, having raifed it from feeds procured from 
Iberia, but was never fo fortunate as to flower it till June 
^oio, and then but imperfectly ; for, when in perfection, it 
Tas a long verticillate fpike. Some of Pallas's fpecimens, 
however, in the poffeilion of A. B. Lambert, Efq. have, like 
°ur drawing, a ilngle whorl of flowers only. 

The leaves and ftipules are covered with a foft filky pu- 
belcence ; the former, in our plant, were mofilv imperfect, 
confiding of a fmgle feffile leaflet, befides the leaf-like ftipules: 
* 7 hen perfea, the leaf is ternate, with a footftalk. 
. Native of Siberia, Kamtfchatka, and i\ootka-Sound, Flowers 
n May and [une. Hardy; but requires to be carefully pra- 
ted from fli-s. ' H 


[ m° ] 

Tulipa Clusiana. Clusius's Tulip. 
4 h|i ■■*"*■**■** hMhHhNhNm^ 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. iVb. 717. 
Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

TULIPA chfiana ; (unifiora ; bulbus lateraliter fobolifer ;) 
foliis fubquaternis, lanceolato-attenuatis, convoluto- 
concavis, glaucis, caulem glabrum fubaequantibus; 
corolla ex oblongato-connivente recurvato-paten- 
tifiima, fundo breviter turbinato-coarclato; laciniis 
oblongo-Ianceolatis, interioribus deorfum angufti- 
oribus; ftaminibus citra duplum corolla brevioribus; 
filamentis nudis femitereti-fubulatis antheras fubae- 
quantibus, alternis paulifper longioribus germine 
vix brevioribus; germine columellari-prifmatico; 
fiigmatibus compreffis, revolutis, criftato-adnatis. G, 

TULIPA clufiana, Li I. a Redout $ tab.%7. iterum fol.165. P a K* 
alt. in obf. Smith. Prod. FL gr<ec. Sibth. 1. 229. 

T. rubro-alba, Brotero Flor. lufil. 1. 520? 

T. variegata perfica. Rudb. Elyf. Tab. 111. /. 8. 

T. perfica. Park. Parad. 52. Tab. 53. f. 6. 

T. perfica flore rubro oris albidis elegans. Ger. emac. 142.^20. 

T. perfica praecox. Cluf. cur. poft. 9. cum. lc. 

We are indebted to Mr. Anderson, of Tooley-Street, for 
feveral fpecimens of this rare fpecies, the bulbs of which were 
imported by him from Sicily and flowered in April. Comes 
very near to gefneriana, but differs in the more oblong 
contracted form of the corolla, the bafe of which is turbinately 
convergent and not broadly rounded as in that; the proportions 
of their organs of fructification are alfo fomewhai different. 
Has been known, in our gardens as far back as the days of 
Parkinson and Gerard; by whom it was efteemed tenderer 
and more difficult to preferve than others of its congeners. 

Found wild in the vicinities of Florence and Madrid, pro- 
bably alfo in Sicily and Portugal. G, 



Herba glabra. Filamenta barbata. 

fylveftris. Supra No. 1 202. 

celfiana. Supra No. 717,- ubi perperam pro breyniana habita 
ftiit. Confer Corrigenda in No. 1135. P a S- *#• T. 
celfiana. Lib. a Red. t. 38. T. fylveftris. v.campeftris. 
Herb. Pallas penes D. Lambert ; ubi docemur in 
Volga ripis provenire Jpontaneam. T. perfica minima. 
Rudb. Ely/, t. 112. /. 8. 

biflora. Wtltd. Sp. PL 2. 98. Pallas, it. 3. app. 86. /. D. f. 3. 
Hujus quoque fpecimina phirima ex eadem regionefpon- 
aneahabet Herbarium pr<ecitatum. T. byzantinae genus 
alterum. Lale di duoifiori. Chf. hijl. 151 cum 1c. 

fibthorpiana. Smith. Prod. FL grac. Sibth. i. 229. In orient* 

Herba glabra. Filamenta nuda. 

clufiana. Supra No. 1390. 

gefneriana. Supra No. 1135 > et ejus fpecimina Jpontanea (fola 
nobis unquam vifa) in de/erto cafpico letta in modo 
allegato herbario Pallafiano affervantnr. 

oculus folis. Lil. a Redout e tab. 219. T. agenenfis. Liliac. 1. 
n. 60. in agro agenenfi Franci<e fpontanea. 

Herba cuticula glandulofo-villofa conteHa. Filam. nuda. 
fuaveolens. Supra No. 889. Lil. a Redout e tab. m. 

Obs. Tulipa breyniana q[\ Me lanthium uniflorum (Supra 
No % j6jj. Cfr. addenda in No. 1135. pag. 3. 


[ m 1 ] 
Carkx Fraseriana. Fraser's Carex. 

C/rf/lr <w^ Order. 


Generic Char abler. 

Flores diclincs, amentacei : iquamis undique imb.'icatis, 
unifloris. Mafc. Periantbium. (Corolla. nob.J o. Statu. 3. F<xm. 
(in eadem vel diverfa fpica, monoici v. dioici.) Per. (Cor.) 
l-phyilum, capfulare, ba(i muticum, ore coarclato, perhit ns. 
Siig. 2 — 3. Nux. perianthio (corollaj auclo inclufa. Broivn. P)»d. 
Fl. N. Holl. i. 241. 

Specific Ooaratler and Synonyms. 

CAREX frajeriana ; (fempervirens ? fpica nnicajTmplex andro- 
gyna ;) fafciculis unifoliis ; folio radicali, adulto 
coriaceo fubinsequilateri - ligulato concaviufculo 
ecarinato late undato denfe pertenuiterque llriatulo, 
breviter attenuato, membrana anguftiflima marginato, 
latere altero infignius curvato ora tcta crifpata, ahero 
reftiore ora deorfum erugata, juniori longinque 
cucullatim convoluto vaginis fubtrinis alternating 
longioribus herbaceis tandem fiflili-emarcidis con- 
clufo; culmo fubifometro gracili tereti-compreffo 
fimplici aphyllo enodi iftius finuextante; fpica brevi 
cylindracea denfa brafteis paleaceis muticis occultatisj 
fuperne mafcula numerofiore comofa brafteis oblon- 
QpUsifccmiHea multiflora in glomum compafta bracteis 
rotundatisj corolla divaricata elliptica ventricofa 
integerrima bafi conta&u coar&ata apice fubdeprefla 
mutica tranfeunte ftylo perforata; nuce ovato-tri- 
quetra laevigata caflaneo-nitente angulis fubalatis, 
pedicello clavato fundo glandulofo corollae impact® 
fetamfimpliciffimam inclufam fubtus fuperne educcnte 
nixa; ftylo perfiftente (nunc poft cafa jligmata intra 
corollamfecundum nucem replicatim procrefcente-J ftig- 
matibas trinis lineari-complicatis recurvato divergen- 
tibus ftylo longioribus corolla brevioribus. G. 

CAREX Frajeri. Bot. Repof. No. 638. 

A perennial 

A perennial laxly cefpitofe and probably evergreen plant; 
leaves 8—9 inches high, one broad, while young of a tender light 
green colour, which becomes very deep and dark by age; 
margin membranous entire but fo curled as to have the appear- 
ance of being crenulate ; /pike little more than an inch long, 
with the circumference of a man's finger ; the corolla did not 
fcem to enlarge as the fruit ripened, being originally larger than 
the germen. The charaBer of our plant does not entirely 
agree with that of the Uncihia of Mr. Brown, and we have 
placed it under Cari x, leaving its tranfpofuion, if neceffary, 
to fome one better acquainted with its kind than we profefs to 
be. Michaux nas an American Carex that he calls lyphina; 
but we do not fee why it mould be fuppofed to be this, except 
that his defcription will fuit almoft any fpecies with a fimple 
androgynous fpike. We believe it to be a non-defcript. We 
have named the fpecies after the late deferving and induft nous 
Mr. Fraser, by whom it was found in the autumn of 1808 
near the Table Mountain; and upon the banks of the Catawba 
River, in the neighbourhood of Morgan-Town, North-Carolina ; 
and by him introduced into this country, where it flowered in 
his Son's Nurfery, Sloane-Square, this Spring. G. 



C ^9^ ] 

Trichonema caulescsns. Caulescent 

Triandria Monogynia. 
Generic Characler. — F/'</. Afc. 1225. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

TRICHONEMA caulcfcens t (caitlis vet et ante anthefin totus 
terra extans ;) folio radicali fiftulofo-vagi- 
nante inde quadrifulco-tetraquetro pedi- 
cellos fuperante ; caul in is binis (raritts 
unico) conformibus brevioribus alternating 
pedunculorum geminorum (raritts unico) 
bafi appolitis; fpathae valva externa nayi- 
culari-convoluta rigidiufcula herbacea in- 
ternam fphacelato-membranaceam tenuifli- 
mamconciudentc; corolla turbinato-patente, 
tubo breviffimo, laciniis lanceolatis; antheris 
filamento fubbrevioribus; ftigmatibus juxta 
infra harum apices recurvatiin exfertis. G. 

IX I A bullocodioides. De la Roche, difcr. nov. gen. 19. ft. 6; fob 

Jcapum Jub anthefm exfertum Jupra minus 

recle in No. 1 225. ad rofei varietatem luteam 

allegata ; ibi emm caitlis floriger totus terra 


IX \IL rofc* var. fioribus aureis fuperne albis. Herbar. Bank/, 
fpeciw. fpontan. capenje* 

The corolla of the prefent plant agrees with that of cructatum 
(No. 575-) in every relpeB, except colour; but in caulefcens 
the Rem has acquired its full growth above ground even before 
the flower has expanded ; while in that the leaflefs peduncle or 
branch is alone feen until the fruit begins to ripen, when the 
Item rifes above the ground as in Crocus. Since this differ- 
ence is feen both in the fpontaneous and cultivated fpecimens 


which we have examined, we have thought it a fufficient fpecific 
diftinBion. From rofeum (No. 1225.) it differs in having the 
ftigmas beneath the apex of the anthers ; from pudicum (No. 
1244) by an inner membranous fphacelate enclofed valve to 
the fpathe, as well as by the form of the fegments of the corolla. 
Native of the Cape of Good Hope; from whence it was 
imported by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, at whofe nurfery at 
Hammerfmith our drawing was made. G. 

[ t393 ] 

Iris ruthenica. (/3.) Pigmy Iris, 

$ fr ♦ ♦♦ ♦# ♦ ft ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N"- 66g, 787, 986. 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 

IRIS ruthenica j (cafpitofa j rhizoma horizon tale ramentis 
Jphaielatis htrfutum; umflora ; imherbis;) fafciculis fteri- 
libus plurifolm ; foliis angufte gramineis, nervofis, 
deorfum equitanribus ; caule his breviore extrafoliaceo 
foliolis fubbinis caulinis brevibus; fpatha bivalvi her- 
bacea Ianceolata ; germine ovato rotundato-trigono quam 
pedicellus 3 — 4-plo breviore; corolla infundibuliformi 
fuperne reflexo-patente ; tubo quam limbus aliquoties 
breviore, quam germen bis terve longiore, rotundato- 
trigono; limbi laciniis extimis triplo latioribus, unguibus 
turbinato-conflexis ligulato-concavis lamina elliptica 
obtufa recurva parum latiore duplo longioribus; intimis- 
angulle fpathulatis paulo brevioribus, unguibus lineari- 
canaliculatis ereclis, lamina ligulato-ovali acutiore 
fublatiore revoluta ; ftigmatibus latitudine unguium 
exteriorum, ad mediam laminam ufque produclis; inte- 
rioris labii fegmentis parabolice rotundatis reflexis 
imbricato-collateralibus erofo-denticulatis; labio exte- 
riore minuto convoluto-mucronato apice retufo 
reflexo. G. 

IRIS ruthenica t (ot.) Supra No. 1123. Ho ft. Kew. ed. 2. 1.117. 

I R I S aipina. Herb. ¥ alias. Jpecim. Sibiria leBurn. 

IRIS humilis. Mar. a Bieb. Fl. Taur. cauc. 1, 33. 

(|3.) pedicello fpitham asquante ; tubo corollae exferto. G. 

The publication of the prefent plant, which can only be 
confidered as a more luxuriant and perfect fpecimen of that 
already defcribed in No. 1123, was unintentional. We had 
long wifhed to procure a drawing of Iris verna for the prefent 
work ; when Mr. Whitley, of Brompton, kindly informed us 
that he had numerous fpecimens of it in bloom, which he faid 
had been raifed from American feed; and the prefent plate was 
ready for publication, before we had convinced ourfelves that 
the plant reprefented could not be the one we were in fearch of, 
although generally but erroneoufiy pafiing for it. Verna was 
firft inftituted a fpecies by Gronovius in his «• Flora Virginica," 


from the dried plant in Clayton's Herbarium, ftill preferved in 
Sir Joseph Banks's Mufeum ; from him it has been adopted 
by and fubfequent authors; whofe details however 
afford but little afliftance in difcriminating it from the prefent 
fpecies. But a reference to the prototype in the above herba- 
rium, (hewed us that ycrna was either a mere variety of crtjlata 
(No. 412.) with narrower leaves and fmaller flower; or if 
fpecifically diftinft far nearer akin to that than the prefent 
fpecies, from which it differs by a feffile flower having a long 
filiform tube equal to or longer than the limb and about even 
with its long narrow fpathe. Since the firfl adoption by authors 
ofvrrna into their fyftems, the figure from Plukenet's work 
has been uniformly repeated by them as its fynonym ; now this 
figure any attentive obferver will foon find to belong to crtjlata; 
of which it is a diminished but very characteriflic reprefentation ; 
where the circular ramenta of its creeping rootftock and long 
intervals between the fafcicles, as well as the cuneately oblong 
laminae, and their divaricately patent ungues of the outer 
fegments of the corolla are accurately defined. The omiffion 
of all mention of the three lingular crefted lines in the corolla 
of criftata ( fubfequently taken up as a fpecies from the 
livin^ plant in the firri edition of Hortus Kewenfis), when we 
know that vetna was defcnbed from a dried fpecimen in which 
they are obliterated or nearly fo, makes nothing againit our 
fuppofition of the identity of the two plants. We have feen 
crtjlata with leaves full as narrow as thofe of the plant in Clay- 
ton's Herbarium. Michaux enumerates both as diftiuft 
fpecies; but his defcription of verna % like thofe of his prede- 
ceffors, is rendered ufelefs by its vaguenefs. If we could fup- 
pofe that there was no miftake in Mr. Whitley's account of 
the quarter from which the feeds of the prefent plant had been 
received, we might from the habitat guefs that Michaux's 
verna was meant for our plant. But we believe that there is 
an error in this account; and that ruthenica is of Ruffian origin 
alone and not of both Ruffian and Virginian, But of this we 
do not pretend to be pofitive ; although we are fo that it is 
not the vcrna of Gronovius, Linnaeus, or Miller. In 
Hortus Kewenfis the cultivation of verna in our gardens was 
mod probably recorded folely on the authority of Miller, as 
was that of fo many other plants in that work ; and this is tne 
more probable fince there is no fpecimen of it from thofe 
gardens to be found in the Bankfian Herbarium. To this 
circumftance we Itrongly fufpe6t we owe the formation of 
crtjlata and verna into diflinft fpecies. Ruthenica thrives well 
in the open border, where it flowers in April and May ; the 
corolla has the fcent as well as colour of the Yiolet; for further 
account fee No. 1123. G. 


C 1394 ] 


Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-dentatus, utrinque appendiculatus. Cor. papilio- 
nacea, alis vexillo brevioribus. Legumen unilocular, difper- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PULTEN/EA daphnoides; foliis obovatis mucronulato-pungen- 
tibus glabris, itipulis geminis minutis, bra&eis 
ovatis calyce brevioribus. Smith in Ail. Soc. 
Lin. v. 9. p. 247. 

PULTEN/EA daphnoides; capitulis terminalibus, foliis obovata- 
oblongis planis glabcrrimis laevibus (unicalibus) 
triplo longioribus quam latis: mucronc pungente. 
Brown in Hort. Keiv. ed. 2. Vol. 3. inedit. 

PULTEN.EA daphnoides: foliis obovatis glabris mucronatis, 
floribus terminalibus capitatis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
p. 507. Bot. Repof. 98. 

PULTEN-iEA daphnoides; frutex tripedalis, caule ereBo fericeo 
ramofo; foliis alternis cuneiformibus fubmucro- 
natis fubfericeis, floribus fubpapilionaceis termi- 
nalibus capitatis, 6—8, involucro fericeo, ftipula 
cava pilofa. IVendland obf. 49. Hort. Herrenhus. 
3. p. 7. U 17. 

The name of this fhrub was given by Dr. Smith in honour 
of the late Dr. Pulteney, (fee above No. 475)- II ls one °* 
the handl'omeft of the genus and is now rather common in our 
gardens. Requires the protean of a greenhoufe. Native ot 
New South Wales, in the neighbourhood of Port Jackion. 
Bloflbms moft part of the fummer. 

J. '13QA 

[ 1395 ] 
Zieria Smithii. Lanceolate Zieria. 

£/<//} *z»^ Order, 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic C bar a filer. 

Cal. 4-partkus. Petala 4. Stamina glabra glandulis infidentia. 
Stylus fimplex. Stigma 4-Ioburn. CapfuU 4. coalitee. &W. arillata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ZIERIA Smithii ; cymis axillaribus trichotomis, peduncu'o 
communi petiolo breviore,foliolis lanceolatis peliucide 
punftatis, caule frutefcente. 

ZIERIA Smitbii. Bot. Repos. No. 606. 

ZIERIA lanceolata. Brown in Herb. Batiks. 

Desc. A low fhrub. Branches rough with glandular warts. 
Leaves oppofite, ternate, with footftalk about the length of the 
leaflets^ which are lanceolate or rather oblong-elliptical, rou?,h- 
ifh above and punctate underneath with pellucid glands, as in 
Hypericum perforatum. Flowers in axillarv and trtchotomous 
cymes, having the common peduncle fliorter than the petiole. 
Bracles Tubulate, horizontal, two at each divifion of the 
peduncle, fubperfiftent. Calyx villous, 4 -toothed. Corolla 
white, 4 petaled : petals ovate acute, fomewhat revolute, 
much exceeding the calyx. Stamens 4, hvpogynous, with a 
globular gland on the infide of the bafe of each. Germens 4, 
united internally : fiyle erecl : (Itgma 4 lobed. 

There are three other fpecies of Ziekia in the Bankfian 
Herbarium ; of which Zieria arborefcens is the only one that 
can be confounded with our plant; and tha', befides growing 
into a tree, has the common peduncles longer than the footftalk 
of the leaf, leaves tomentofe underneath and not pellucidly 


This genus was named by Dr. Smith in honor of our late 
friend Mr. Zier, a learned and induftrious botanift, who, 
having been appointed to a profeflbrfhip in a Polifh Univerfity, 
was preparing to leave this country, but was prevented by a 
chronic difeafe which terminated in death. 

We are not fond of fpecific names taken from thofe of 
botanifts; but, as in this cafe it ferves to point out the particular 
fpecies from which Dr. Smith eftablifhed the genus, we adopt 
it. Native of New South Wales. A tolerably hardy green- 
houfe flirub. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by 
Meffrs. Loddiges. 


[ 1396 ] 


C7tf/> #«i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cat deciduus. Petala 5, conniventia in tubum. Cap/. 2—5* 
valvis, 2 — 5-locularis. Semina tefta pulpa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PlTTOSPORUM Tobira; foliis obovatis obtufis glaberrimis 

coriaceis, capfulis trivalvibus. Hort. Kezv. 

2. v. 2. p. 27. 
PlTTOSPORUM chinenfe. Donn. Hort. Cant. p. 48. 
EUONYMUS Tobira; floribus quinquefidis, foliis obovatis 

retufis integerrimis. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 

EUONYMUS Tobira. fbunb. Jap. 99. Hellen Dif. in Ujien 

dilecl. 1. p. 93. Marlyn. Mill. Ditl. n. 6. 
TOBERA f. TOBIRA Kampf. Aman./a/c. 5. p. 796. f. 797. 

A large handfome flirub with very glofly foliage and white 
flowers, which change yellow as they fade. Thefe are fragrant 
but the fmell of the bruifed leaves or bark is very difagreeable, 
and their tafte naufeous, exaBly refembling fagapenum, accord- 
ing tO K.EMPFER. # 

We have not feen the ripe fruit ; but in its immature Itate 
it is obtufely three- rarely four-cornered; and a tranfverfe 
feQion fhows the future valves flefliy, convex, and forming as 
many receptacles of the feeds. There appears however to be 
onlv one loculament. K^mpfer defcribes the feeds as being 
angular from preffure, and only three in number, but in his 
figure they appear to be many, which correfponds better with 

the ftate of the unripe fruit. 

r Except 

Except the one above quoted, we do not know that there 
has been any reprefentation of this plant publifhed. 

Native of Japan and China. A rather hardy greenhoufe 
fhrub. Propagated by cuttings. Introduced to Kew Garden 
in 1804 by the Directors of the Eaft-India Company, in the 
Henry Addington, Capt. Kirkpatrick. Flowers moft part 
of the fumrner. 

Communicated by Mefirs. Malcolm and Sweet, Nurfery- 
men, from their very interefting colteaion at Stockwell- 


C *397 ] 
Stapelia reclinata. Reclining Stapelia. 

#4* ♦-♦-♦-♦ $♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Contorta. Neclar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA reclinata; corollis quinquefidis: laciniis lanceo- 
latis margine ciliatis: fundo elevato, pedunculis 
corolla longioribus, ramis patentibus tetragonis 
fupra bafin floriferis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 1282. 
Hort. Kcw. 2. v. 2. p. 88. 

STAPELIA reclinata; ramis pluribus tetragonis reclinatis 
dentatis : dentibus acutis patentibus, corolla 
quinquefida recurvata ; laciniis patentibus 
replicatis fimbriatis. Maffon Stap. p. 19. n. 28. 
/. 28. 

Stapelia reclinata, elegant, c*fpitofa t and radiata of the 
Botanical Magazine very much refemble each other both in 
the herb and the flower. The lad is moft obvioufly diftin- 
guifhed from the others by the laciniae of the corolla being 
altogether without pubefcence,- elegans by the infide of the 
laciniae being covered with hairs as well as the margin ciliated ; 
reclinata and c of pit of a have the margin only ciliated, in the 
former the peduncle is longer than the flower, and the exterior 
ftellula of the nectary (which in all four fpecies is orbicular and 
quite entire) is of the fame dark red as the lacunas, but in the 
latter this part is green, and the peduncle only equal to the 
flower in length. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Difcovered by Mr. 
Francis Masson. Introduced in 1795. Flowers through 
moft part of the fummer. Our drawing was made from the 
colk&ion of Mrs. Walker, at Stockwell. 

C 139s ] 

bignonia grandiflora. chinese 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic CharaBer. 

Cal. 5-fidus, cyathiformis. Cor. fauce campanulata, 5-fida, 
fubtus ventricofa. Siliqua 2-locularis. Sem. membranaceo- 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

BIGNONIA grandiflora • foliis pinnatis : foliolis ovatis acu- 
minatis dentatis, panicula terminali brachiata: 
pedicellis cernuis biglandulofis, calyce femi- 

BIGNONIA grandiflora. Syjl. Veg. 564. Willi. Sp. PI. 3. 
p. 302. Tbunb. Jap. p. 253. Banks Ic. Kampf. 
t. 21. Perfoon Syn. p. 2. 172. Mart. Mill. DiEl. 
n. 16. Bot. Repof. 493. Parad. Lond. 61. 

BIGNONIA chinenf.s. Lamarck Encycl. 1. p. 423. 

At firft fight there is great fimilarity between this fpecies and 
BiGNONiA radtcans (No. 485); but, when carefully examined, 
they are foon found to be fufficiently diftina. The flowers of 
the latter are produced in bunches upon very fhort peduncles; 
in this they form a large panicle, the branches of which go off 
at right angles, and are ftraight, except juft below the calyx, 
where they are curved fo as to make the flowers droop ele- 
gantly. The calyx too is angular, much longer, and more 
deeply divided. The ftems are not furnifhed with thofe root- 
Jike excrefcences by which, in radicans, they adhere to a wall 
or the bark of a tree. 

The BiGNONiA grandiflora is an extremely ornamental 
Jnrub, is eafily propagated by cuttings, and bloflbms more 
readily than radtcans. It is confidered as a greenhoufe plant, 
and is obferved to flower moft freely, when forced by artificial 
heat. It is not improbable however that it may be found to be 
lurhciently hardy to. bear our winters without flielter, being a 
native of Japan and China. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen from the royal 
garden at Kew. 

/ ^rspe. 

Judby i/" CurUr Walv,n 


C *399 ] 
Erica odorata. Perfumed Heath. 

A J l AJ lAjj fcA j / 4; * * it j; ± ± 

frff IT^ "^ «^ ^ ♦ ▼ v ♦ v ♦ 


Generic Charatler. 

Col. 4-phylIus. Cor. perfiftens : limbo 4-fido. Anther* ante 
anthefin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Cap/. 4 — 8-locu- 
laris, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ERICA odorata (Breviflora. Corollae tubus fubglobofus.) brac- 
teis a calyce remotis, antheris muticis. Hort. Kew. 
ed. 2. v. 2. p. 391. 

ERICA odorata. Andrews's Heaths, vol. 3. 

In the divifion to which it belongs, this is the only fpecies 
which has no appendix at the apex of the filament. The 
leaves grow by fours, but often fo crowded together that their 
order is not readily difcernible. 

The Erica odorata is altogether one of the moft defirable of 
the genus, both from the elegant waving of its delicate white 
flowers, lightly fupported on flender footftalks, and its charming 
fcent fomewhat refembling a compound of rofes and honey- 

Flowers in the fpring. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
whence it was introduced to this country by John Wedge- 
wood, Efq. in 1784. Our drawing was taken from a plant 
communicated by Mr. Knight, Nurferyman, King's-Road, 
Little Chelfea. 


■ j. m £.i.* a ,cUDa. ■ ir»Zw t »&Ju 9 .*.f*fi. *" J 

[ 1400 ] 

» »»»♦♦» ♦ ♦ ♦ »»M4»»» 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Charatter. 

Gi/.'5-partitus. Cor. fubeampanulata. Stamina per para 
approximate. C^ dentibus elafticis diffiliens. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

RUELLIA formofa ,* foliis petiolatis integerrimis ovatis utrin- 
que pubefcentibus, pedunculis axillaribus alternis 
longiffimis paucifloris, corollis fubringentibus. 

RUELLIA formofa ; caule fufFruticofo ereQo ; foliis pilofis, 
petiolatis, integerrimis, ovatis, obtufis; pedunculis 
lateralibus foliis duplo feu triplo longioribus, ra- 
mofis ramulis fubtrifloris. Bot. Repof. 610. 

Descr. Stem ereft, obtufe-angled, hairy. Leaves oppofite 
ovate, moreorlefs pointed, rounded at the bafe, covered with 
fliort hairs on both fides : footjlalks not half the length of the 
leaf. Peduncles axillary, alternate, ftraight, two or three times 
longer than the leaf, fomewhat branched at the extremity. 
Bracles linear-lanceolate, falling before the flower is expanded. 
Calyx five-cleft, linear-lanceolate, ereB. Corolla fliewy, fine 
fcarlet : tube an inch and half long, curved, expanding upwards 
and fomewhat compreffed, a little hairy on the outfide : limb 
fmooth, divided into five, nearly equal laciniae, bilabiately 
arranged ; the two upper ones conjoined half-way up, all of 
them refleaed at the fides, but efpecially the lateral ones. 
filaments projefting a little beyond the tube : anthers fagittate, 
erea. Style fomewhat longer than ftamens : jligma unequally 

bifid. f 

This fpecies comes very near to the macrophylla ot Vahl, 

and appears to be the fame as the fpecimen preferved under 

rr that 

that name in the Bankfian Herbarium, which was collected at 
St. Martha, the native place of Vahi.'s plant. The latter, 
however, differs fo much in the relative length of the peduncles 
and leaves, and in the form of the flower, according to his 
figure and defcription, that we cannot venture to determine 
them to be the fame fpecies. 

Our plant is faid to be a native of Brazil, and was introduced 
to this country by Sir Charles Cotton, Bart, in the year 1808. 
Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Wheatley, Brame, and 
Martin's, who received the feeds from Mr. Donn, the 
worthy curator of the Botanic Garden at Cambridge. Flowers 
moil part of the fummer. Requires the heat of the ftove. 


ty<Z*£dw*ml-2>* /. \ iy . /%va 

C 1401 ] 

Lachenalia contaminata. Mixed- 
coloured Lachenalia. 
#■$•$■ »#$ $ » » » $ % ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ 

Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Cbaraffer. — J7</. N is - 745, 854, 993. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms*. 

LACHENALIA contaminata; (flores t minoribus •) foliis 
plunbus recumbenter ambientibus, femite- 
retibus, lineari-fubulatis, canaliculatis, fcapo 
duplo citrave longioribus ; racemo cyJin- 
draceo-oblongato, conferto ; bra&eolis ovato- 
fubulatis breviter decurrentibus; pediccllis 
flore 3 — 4-plo brevioribus; corolla erefliuf- 
cula, tubulofo-campanulata, brevi, fubirre- 
gulari ; ex fundo obliquato in tubulum con- 
iJexa inde fubbilabiato-patula ; laciniis ex- 
timis ilometris reftis ovato-oblongis planiuf- 
culis obtufulis, fuprema externe juxta infra 
apiccm callo carinato retufo auria ; inte- 
rioribus una tcrtia longioribus, lateralibus 
fummis binis ligulatis explicatis obtufatis 
furfum divaricatis faepeque erofo-dentatis, 
intima convoluto-attenuata paulo breviori 
fubdefiexa ; filamentis corollas ifometris, 
fubdeclinato-divergentibus ; antheris fub- 
cuboideo-ovatis ; germine ovato, obtufato, 
pulvinatim trilobo, trifulco ; Itylo fetiformi 
declinato, quam id duplo longiore, pun&o 
acuto inconfpicuo ftigmatofo terminato. G. 

LACHENALIA contaminata; Hort. Kew. 1. 460. cd. 2. 2. 
285. V/illd. Sp. PL 2. 170. (exciufo pajfim 
orthopetalae Jynonymo quod uftulatse Herb. 
Bankf.fpecieiqne alien*.) 

L, hyacinthoides. Jacq, ic rar. 2. tab. 382. Coll. 5. 58. JVilld. 
Sp. PI. 2. 173. 

L. orchioides. Jacq. Hort. Vindb. 2. tab. 178. 

HYACINTHUS orchioides aphyllus ferpentanus major. 
Breyn. Prod. 24. tab. xi.f. 3. (male a Willde- 
novio L. orchioidi citatus.) 


Descr. Leaves from fix inches to a foot long, narrow, 
flefhy, and thick, often marked on the inner fide with a 
ftraggling dufky brown fpot or two ; ftem marbled-variegated 
with cinnamon colour and green ; flowers about three lines 
long, greenifh white with an external reddifh brown ftain at 
the fummit of each fegment, appearing, though more faintly, 
on the inner furface ; fcent fomewfoat refembling that of the 
Peruvian Heliotropium. While fpeaking in No. 1372 of 
this plant (at that time unknown to us but by drawings and in 
herbariums) we had formed an opinion that it would be found 
not to be fpecifically different from the angufiifolia of No. 735; 
but a comparifon of the corolla in the live Itate fhewed us that 
no two fpecies could be more clearly diftinct. The orthopetala 
of Jacquin has been erroneously adduced by Willdenow 
as its fynonym, who has been followed in this error by the 
editor of the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis ; lee our 
obfervations in No. 1372. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, whence it was brought 
into the Kew Gardens by Mr. Masson in 1774. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Knight's nurfery, King's- 
Road, Fulham. G. 


No. 750, 1. 2g, for " inner" read " outer." 

No. 695, 1. 13, pro " fifyrinchio" lege " longiflora." 

No. 1372, 1. 23, for " ctrntominata" read " contaminata." 


JytfWdyfardr Set. JS&. fy <£ G*r&f> Wmt**r#l JuyltBfl- HJan/omJc 

C 1402 ] 



♦ >$♦♦$♦*♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ' 

Oafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Via 1 . No. 916. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

UVULARIA feffiiifolia : caule glabra fummitate bifido ; ra- 
mulo altera tterili, altera unifloro ; foliis feflili- 
bus lanceolato-ovalibus fubtus glaucefcentibus; 
corollas laciniis planis ovalibus ; capfula ovoidea 
ftipitata. Michaux Fl. Bor-Amer. 1. 199. 

UVULARIA fjjilifolia. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 437. Smith. 
Exot. Bot. 1. 101. tab. 52. Wtlld. Sp. PL 2. 95. 
Hort. Kew. cd. 2. 2. 247. 

We loft the opportunity of examining the Plant for defcrip- 
tion after it had been drawn. Differs from all the other fpecies 
known to us in having feffile, not perfoliate nor petioled leaves, 
and which are of an elliptic-lanceolate form, fcarcely per- 
ceptibly downy beneath ; fegments of the corolla ribbed, 
fmooth on both fides ; neftary oblong ; anthers pointlefs. 
Found by Michaux, in different tracls of country from Canada 
to Carolina, and about Charleftown. 

Our drawing was made from a plant imported from North- 
America, by Meffrs. Fraser, of Sloane-Square, in whofe 
collection it flowered in May laft. 

According to the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, 
introduced into this country by Mr. Archibald Menzies 
in 1790. Perfectly hardy. G. 

S> WaUro rtkJu?7.> 

[ »403 ] 

Smilacina borealis. Northern 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.— Fid. No. 1155. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

SMILACINA borealis ; foliis 3—4 inferne caulinis, ellipfico- 
obovatis, denfe ftriatulis, villofo-cihatis (ad 
lentem a fupino punticulatim pruinatis), deorfum 
attenuates complicatis, fuperiore cauli longius 
adnato, inferioribus breviter fiftulofo-vaginan- 
tibus ; caule akiore tereti-angulofo viliis teBo ; 
proliferavelalia inferiusfejtli lateral^ ;)pedicellis 
corolla ifometris ad triplo breviores, hirfutis ; 
corolla decidua turbinato-patente, laciniis 
oblongo-lanceolatis ad bafin fpatio vacuo inter- 
ftinBis ciliatis, extus villofis, deorfum ungui 
culatim convolutis ac foflula elongata intus 
impreffis; filamentis immediate hypogynis, 
lineari-fubulatis, plano.convexis, corollae ifo- 
metris, fubaequalibus, deorfum villofis ; an- 
theris fubfagittato - oblongis introrfis a dorfo 
fubincumbentibus ; genuine viridi rotundato- 
trigono punfticulatim pruinato ; ftylo fubcla- 
vato trigono ; ftigmate triquetro, amphato, 
aperto, tri-bilobulato-fiffo. G. 

SMILACINA borealis. (3; nobis fupra No. 1155; (exclufa 
varietute {x.) in propriam fpeciem nomine um- 

DRACAENA borealis. Hort. Kew. 1. 454- tab. 5. ed. a. 2. 
278. (exclujojynonymo Bot. Mag. 1155J Mart. 
Mill. Dm. Bot. Repof. tab. 206, nbi jlamen et 
piftillum auclim exhibita omninn erronca. Willd. 
Sp. 2. 158. Dalman. ditf. de Drac. 3. 7. 


The inflorefcence of the ppefent plant having till now been 
only known to us by imperfeft figures or in a dried fiae, and 
having been mifled by the very lingular agreement of its other 
pans, we had in No. 1155 joined it with the umbellata of 
Desfontaines, as the variety |3 ; keeping however the 
proper fynonyms of the two plants diftinct. A comparifon 
of the descriptions of their inflorefcence, now that both are 
known to us in a living ftate, will fhew that the two plants 
never can be confidered but as very diftinft fpecies. Borealis 
approaches in many refpe&s to Uvularia, as umbellata on 
the other hand does to Co nv all aria. We can find no 
difference in their leaves ; but in our plant the umbel had no 
traces of any bra&es at the bafe of its pedicles, nor were thefe 
placed round a fhort axis as in that, but ifTued fafciclewife from 
the naked top of the (tern, and were of very unequal lengths ; 
they alfo differed in form, fize, and colour of their re- 
fpeftive corollas. Umbellata was found by Michaux on 
the Alleghany mountains ; there is likewife a fpecimen of it in 
the Bankfian Herbarium, brought by Mr. Turner from the 
Cherokee territory. Borealis was introduced into this country 
in 1778, by Dr. Solander, from Newfoundland and the 
neighbourhood of Hallifax in Nova-Scotia. We find alfo a 
one-flowered fmaller fpecimen, brought from the North-Wed 
coaft of America, by Mr. A. Men zies, in the fame Herbarium, 
which very probably belongs to a fpecies diftina from both. 
Umbellata wasmofl likely unknown in this country till publifhed 
in this work. Both fpecies are hardy, and bloom together in 
June. G. ° 


No. 1155, I.2; for "Smilacina borealis (*)", read 

Smilacina umbellata;" and in line 13, exclude variety 

with its proper fynonymy, as belonging to the fpecies now 

publifhed. The account of the habitat is alfo to be modified 

according to the preceding obfervations. G. 

4 7/7 

■Sy<F n EJ var £ / .j) e i » 

h3.3 t 

r£%*rfuo /. /e/f 

[ H°4 1 


•$ ft $$ $ $ i j t ft $ $ $ j j t ft -fefr-ft-j -$■ 

C/a/jr j«i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafler. 

Corolla [Perianthium. Br.) fexpartita, sequalis, patens, decidua. 
Filamenta curvata apice incraflata ftupofa fglandulofo-incraffatave 
G.) Anther* lineares, ftritlse, bafi infertae. Ovarium loculis 
polyfpermis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma fimplex. Bacca globofa, 
polyfperma. Semina ovalia umbilico nudo. Brown. Prod. Flor. 
Nov. Holl. 1. 279. 

Obs. Herbae perennes. Radix fibrofa. Folia graminea y ehngata 
bafibus fem'waginantibus. Flores pankulati, pedicellis juxta apicem artl- 
tulat'tSy baft bratteola unilaterali Jlipatis : nutantes camlet (albidive G.J 
anthcrh apicibufque filament orum fiavis. Bacca? carulecz. Semina fplen- 
dentia. Brown. /. c. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DlANELLA enfifolia; foliis glabris, floribus laxe paniculatis. 

Lit. a Redoute 1. tab. 1. 
(«.) floribus albidis G. 
DlANELLA enfifolia. tiU a Red. I. c. Hort. Kciv. ed. 2. 2. 

2 7 6 j (exclufo Jynonymo Miller i quod Antholyz£ 

DlANELLA nemorofa. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 49. tab. 94. 
DRACAENA enfifolia. Hort. Kew. 1.454. Garln. Sem. et fr. 

1. 5 16. f. 4. 
((3.) floribus caeruleis. G. 
DI ANELLA nemorofa. Lam. Encyc. 2. 276. 
DRACAENA enfifolia. Lin. Mant. 63. Syft. Veg. ed. 13. 274. 

ed. 14. 334. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 158. 
GLADIOLUS odoratus indicus. Rumph. amboin. 5. 185.^.73. 

We have never happened to obtain a living fpecimen of this 
plant for examination, but as it is the fame with thole of Jacq u in; 
and Redoute, in whofe works very ample defcriptions vs. 1 il be 
found, it would have been moll probably unneceflary for us to 


have offered any farther remarks of our own. We have divided 
the refpeftive fynonyms between the white and the blue flowered 
plants ; the firft of which has been long known in European gar- 
dens; the latter only through the work ofRuMPHius and the 
Herbarium of Co mm er son, and may after all, as far as we can 
fee, be a diftin£t fpecies from the other. In the Bankfian Her- 
barium we found a fpecimen nearly allied to our plant, brought 
from China by Sir George Staunton, and which may 
probably be the plant of Loureipo. Gartner profefles 
to have had his fpecimen from the Kew-Gardens, fo that 
his fynonym is certain. In the fecond edition of the Hortus 
Kewenfis, by a miftake very unufual in that excellent work, 
the Gladiolus. 6. of the firft edition of Millar's Dic- 
tionary, has been adduced as an authority for the period of 
the introduction of our plant, when in fact that fynonym belongs 
to Antholyza <etbiopica ; nor do we find our plant noticed 
in any of the editions of Miller's work publifhed in his own 
life time. We fufpecl that there is no authority for the period 
of its introduction into this country; nor any certain one for its 
habitat, unlefs we knew it to be of the fame fpecies with Rum. 
phius's plant. Requires to be kept in the hot-houfe. G. 


C 1405 ] 

lllium monadelphum. monadelfhous 


#$ $-$--& $ & -$■ ^ >£- -&-£ & #- %%- 

CLifs and Order. 


Generic CharaFler. — Vid. No. 936. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms. 

LILIUM monadelphttm ; foliis omnibus caulinis numerofis 
conferrius lparfis pateiuibus (bine hide fubverticil- 
lali'ii approximalis) ovato-lanceolatis obtufulis fub- 
tus breviter puberulis (prafertim in margine et venis) 
fuperne verfus gradatim decrefcentibus ; racemo 
erefto paucifloro diilanie, pedicellis flore 2 — 3plo 
brevioribus foliolo bra&eatis ; corolla cernua cya- 
thiformi-revoluta, laciniis citra medium conver- 
gent! bus inde brevius revoluto-patentibus, intus 
nudis glabris explicatis fuperne verfus fubcanaticu- 
latis> interionbus fubduplo latioribus ; filamentis 
pro germinis iongitudine connatis, corolla fub una 
quarta brevioribus ; antheris luteis ; germine quam 
ftylus fubtriplo breviore columnari rotundato- 
trigono, fexftriato ; flylo triquetro clavato ; ftigmate 
elliptico-ovato, Itamina sequame. G. 

LILIUM monadeipbum. Marjch. a Biebers. Flor. Taurico — 
Caucas. 1. 267. 

LILIUM orientale latifolium flore luteo maximo odoratiflimo. 
Tourncf. Cor. 1. 25. 

Descr. Stem 2 — 3 feet high; corolla of a light mining 
yellow colour thinly fpeckled on the infide with fmall oblong 
brown fpecks ; pollen light yellow ; Jlyle and jligma green ; 
fcent very itrong and pungent, to us difagreeable. Differs 


from Pomponium (N is - 798, 97 1.) by leaves that are not nar- 
rowed downwards, and which are blunter, fhorter, and broader 
than in that ; by the pedicles, which are twice fhorter than the 
flower ; by the limb of the corolla, which is not bejit back for 
more than about half its length ; by the abfence of all warty 
excrefcences on the inner fide of the fegments ; by its mona- 
delphoufly cohering filaments ; by a pale yellow pollen, a 
gem en three times fhorter than the ftyle, and a ftigma that is 
more elongated. 

Native of Mount Caucafus and the adjoining region ; whence 
the feed from which our fpecimen was raifed had been received 
by Meffrs. Loddiges, of Hackney. Hardy. Flowers in 
June. G. 


/iti.Sv. ,/ 

[ H°6 ] 

Watsonia strictiflora. Straight- 
flowered Watsonia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 107 2. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA Jlrifiiflora ; (flos e majoribus ;) bulbo-tubere 
globofo-pyramidato ; foiiis fubquaternis radi- 
calibus vel inferne caulinis iineari-cnfatis 
rigidiufculis nervo medio coftatis ; caule akiore 
fimplici, foliolo medio ftipato ; fpica pauci- 
(bi-) flora diftante ; fpathae valva exteriore 
herbacea naviculari-lanceolata corollae tubo 
duplo breviore interiorem parum breviorem 
concludente ; corolla reftiffima tubato-hypo- 
crateriformi ; tubo gracili tereti ftriato laciniis 
duplo longiore in faucem brevem nudam pau- 
latim ampliato ; limbo regulari rotatim ex- 
planato ; laciniis fubaequalibus concaviufculis, 
exterioribus lato-oblongis rotundatis cum rau- 
crone, interioribus fublatioribus obovato- 
ellipticis deorfum anguftatis apice emarginatis ; 
ftaminibus re&is trifariam patentibus ; fila- 
mentis faucem paululum fuperantibus ; antberis 
iftis parum brevioribus, ere&is fuperne recur- 
vatis ; ftigmatibus infra antherarum apices di- 
varicantibus. G. 

Descr. Bulb-tuber about the fize of a large nutmeg, 
covered by thick brown membrano-fibrous integuments ; leaves 
4—6 inches long, about half an inch broad ; Jlem rather higher 
than thefe in the prefent fpecimen, two-flowered ; flower 


fcentlefs, of a cherry-red colour, about three inches Jong, 
opening of the faux marked with a deep violet-purple coloured* 
ftar of fix fhort broadinVpointed rays (netiaroftigmata) one on 
.the bafe of each fegment; anthers dark purple with yellow 
pollen; fiigmas deep rofe-colour; when the flower begins to 
fade, the fegments of the corolla, which are about the third of 
an inch broad, converge fubbilabiarely. We have not found 
any traces of the fpecies in any work known to us ; it agrees 
with marginata (fee above No. 608) in having trifarious upright 
divergent ftamens, but difagrees with all the fpecies yet known 
to us in the ftraightnefs and uprightnefs of the corolla, length 
of the tube, and proportionate fhortnefs of the faux. Intro- 
duced into this country from the Cape of Good Hope, by the 
Hon. W. Hkrbert, in whofe colleaion it flowered this 
fummer ; to that gentleman we are alfo obliged for the fpecimen 
from which the drawing was made, as well as for his obfervations 
on ihe fpecies. G. 


> ! 18t1. 


C 1407 ] 


or Spanish Nut. 
« HMfc<M )NMuH> fc* # AMI 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. — Vid. N"- 593, 613, 695; renins tamen 
nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 23 b. 

Obs. MoRyE^E ab I RIDE differentia nota exprcffa atque,folida in ejus 
radice lulbi-tube rofa pofita eft. ' Mor.ea ifidioides ffupra No. 693. J 
apud Iridem collocari oportet, canverffque appellationibus, morjeoidem 
nuncupari potejl. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MORjEA Sifyrinchium ; (imberbis ; fiigmatapetahidea ; ) foliis 
radicalibus fubbinis ligulato-involutis bifariam di- 
vergentibus tereti-caudatis, extus ftriatulis, deorfnm 
fiftulofo-vaginantibus ; caule culmaceo fimplici vel 
uni- bi-ramofo foliolo uno rarius et akero ; fpatha 
pluriflora plurivalvi lanceolato-convoluta valvis 
extemis herbacco - ftriatis ariftatim cufpidatis ; 
germine pedunculoideo-elongato, prifmatico, at- 
tenuate, fpatham fubaequante, pedicellumaliquoties 
excedentc, fuperne longius caffo ; corolla hexa- 
petalo partita ex angufte turbinata limbo biformi- 
patentc ; laminis exterioribus ovatis, rotato-paten- 
tibus, ungues aequantibus ; interioribus fpathulato- 
lanceolatis, duplo anguftioribus, parum brevioribus, 
ftigmata asquantibus, ereclo-divergentibus ; flig- 
matum labii interni fegmentis angulte femilanceo- 
latis cufpidatis divergenter collateralibus, extimi 
ininuti bifidi apprefliparabolice rotundatis ; capfuia. 
tenuiffime membranacea, prifmatieo-columnari, 
feminibus numerofis fubovatis punticulatim pru- 
inatis tranQucentibus nodulata, fuperne caflb- 
caudata. G. 

MORjEA Sifyrinchium. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 241. infra 

No. 1103. pag. alt. infpec. enum, Hort. Kew. ed. 

2. 1. 114. 


IRIS Sifyrinchium. Linn. Spec. PI. ed. 2. 1. 59. Wort. Kew. 

j. 74. Thunb. Dif. n, 25. Cavati. le. 2. 74. tab. 

193. Desfont. Flor. Atl. 1. 36. Flor. Grac. Sibih. 

1. 30. tab. 42. £/7. a Redout t. 1. /a£. 29. Brotero, 

Fl. Lufit. i. 52. Vahl. enum. 2. 144. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. 234. 
SISYRINCHIUM minus. Hor/. ExjleU aft. ord. %.fol. g.f. 1. 
SiSYRINCHIUM majus. Park. Par. 170. ^.169. f. 6. 

Ger. ernac. 103. /. 1. Cluf. Htji. 1. 216 cum Ic. 
Nofchla. Lujilanis. 

O^s. Corolla in Flora gra^ca et Redoutasi LUlaccis dijffeftim exhibits 
tubofalfe donatur. G. 

Descr. Bulb- tuber about the fize of a fmall chefnut, with 
coarfe brown reticulated cartilagineo -fibrous integuments ; 
leaves 6 — 9 inches long, narrow ; flowers about an inch and 
half long, 3 — 5 opening in fucceffion ; feeds numerous, fmall, 
ofareddifh brown colour: varies with blue, purple, white, 
and with yellow corollas. In the later botanical works the 
corolla of this fpecies is defcribed, and even exhibited in diffec- 
tions annexed to the figures of it, as furnUhed with a long 
tube ; but a careful infpe&ion fhews, that what has been 
miftaken for the tube of the corolla is in reality the upper fterile 
part of the germeu, in which ihcfepta are perceptible although 
the ovula are obliterated or nearly fo ; and when the corolla 
decays, it is ken to part from the (ummit of its fuppofed tube, 
leaving the fame cicatrix that is ufually perceptible on the ends 
of the germens of this genus when the corolla has fallen from 
them. Notwuftanding the plant has been known from the 
days of Gerard (1597) in our gardens, we had never met with 
it until this fummer at Mr. Vere's, where it had been received 
from Gibraltar. 

The interior of the Bulb-tuber is faid to be eaten by the 
children in Spain and Portugal, by way of nuts ; whence the 
appellation given it by Parkinson and Gerard of " Spanifli 
Nut." Native of Spain, Portugal, Sicily, the Grecian Iflands, 
and the Coaft of Barbary. Blooms in May. Should be 
fheltered in the grecnhoule or garden-frame from fevere 
frolt. G. 

&°» 6 93j1» 2 » for "Moa.«A Iridioides," read "Iris Mor^oides." 


[ 1408 ] 

Allium obliquum. Twisted-leaved 


Hexandria Monogynia.. 
GVwmY Character.— Fid. No. 774. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM obliquum; bulbo oblongata membranis te&o, rht- 
zomate nunc bafi proiuberante ; foliis deorfuni 
longe fiftulofo-vaginantibus itriatis, laminis bi- 
fariam divaricatis alterne diftantibus ligulato- 
attenuatis carinatis glaucis obliquatis tonifve, caule 
fubterete brevioribus; fpatha bivalvi umbella bre- 
viore, valvis ovatis muticis ; umbella numerofa 
fphaerica, pedicellis (lore aliquoties longioribus ; 
corolla rotundato-campanulata, laciniis lanceolato- 
ovatis fubifometris; gerrnine (proflore) grandiuf- 
culo fubglobofo obfolete trilobo-gibbofo apice de- 
preflb, lobis obfcurius carinatis, fmgulisforaminulo 
neaarifero bafi fubtus pertufis ; filamentis corolla 
bis longioribus, planis lineari-fubulatis aequalibus ; 
antheris ereftis fubcuboideo-didymis ; ftylo feti- 
formi ftamina demum eequante, punBo Itigmatofo 
inconfpicuo. G. 
ALLIUM obliquum. Linn. Sp. PI ed. 2. 1. 424. Mill. Dicl. 
ed. 8. n. 7. Hort. Kew. 1. 423. ed. 2. 2. 233. 
Georgi bejchr. ruff, reichs. 4. 892. Willd. Sp. Pi. 
2. 67. Lam. Encyc. 1. 65. 
ALLIUM ramofum. Jacq. ic. rar. 1. tab. 62. Mifc 2. 308 ; 
nee aliorum, quod idem cum tatarico fupra No. 1 142. 
A. caule planifolio umbellifero Itaminibus filiformibus flore 
triplo longioribus foliis obliquis. Mill. Dicl. ed. 7. 
n. 7. 
A. radice tunicato foliis planis linearibus caulinis capitulo 
umbellato. Gmel. Sibir. 1. 49- iah - 9' 


Descr. Bulb fcarcely of greater circumference than the 
flem with its fheathing leaves, of which it appears a mere con- 
tinuation, integuments membranous brownifh ; leaves fheathing 
a Item 1—3 feet high for nearly half its length, 6—8, bafe of 
the blade in lower one nearly an inch broad, in the upper ones 
gradually narrower ; flowers of a greenifh yellow colour, rather 
imall ; the whole plant, when bruifed, emits a very rank fmell 
of Garlic. Native of Siberia. Blooms in May. Hardy. 
Cultivated by P. Miller in 1759. Our drawing was made 
from a plant in the collection of Mr. Haworth, the only one 
in which we have ever met it. G. 


In No. 1385, we have quoted the plant reprefented in the 
ttork on the rarer Hungarian vegetables, by Kitaibel and 
Waldstein, under the name of Allium Ampehprafum> as 
the variety of the Ampeloprafum given in that number; and 
in fo doing we have followed the editor of the new edition of 
the Hortus Kewenfis. But we are now convinced that it is a 
non bulbiferous variety of arenarium ,- and a frefh proof of the 
fallacy of diftinguifhing the fpecies of this genus by their bul- 
biferous or capfuliferous umbels. Arenarium is \zxy clofely 
allied to Ampeloprafum, but differs in being altogether a much 
fmaller and flenderer plant, in the colour of the flowers and by 
the form of the fpathe and bulb. G. 


J^iyJ*. turfo Wa.ZwOrZ&Jlzf> r t. /8t> 

C 1409 ] 

Bryophyllum calycinum. Pendulous- 
flowered Bryophyllum. 

»f # #$ »♦ ♦ f f f yy ♦ f ♦. #f 


Generic Characler. 

Calyx 1-phyllus ; cylindricus. Corolla tubulofa, limbo 4-fido 
erefto. Filam. jequalia bafi corollas inferta. Germina 4. Neft- 
aria fquamae 4, unicuique germini unica. 

Obs. A Kahnchae Adanjoni differt pracipue Jilamentis aqualibus, neque 
Jerk binaria dljpofitis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

BRYOPHYLLUM calycinum. Salijb. farad. Lond. 3. 

COTYLEDON calyculata. Solander Mfs. apud Banks. 

COTYLEDON pinnata-; foliis quinato-pinnatis, foliolis obo- 
vatis crenatis : crenis filamento-barbatis, flo- 
ribus longis pendulis. Lam. Enc. 2. p. 141? 

CALANCHOE pinnata. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 446.^ 

CRASSUVIA floripendula. Commerfon Mfs J 

Desc. Stem ereft, fhrubby, knotted by the veftiges of the 
fallen leaf-ftalks ; aih-coloured at the lower part and reddifh 
upwards, with raifed oblong whitifh fpots. Leaves upon long 
fpotted footftalks, which continue to grow and become recurved 
after the leaf is decayed, oppofite, flefhy, fimple, ternate, or 
even pinnate, ovate, crenate, veined on the upper furface, 
paler beneath. Flowers pendulous in termina compound pani- 
cles : pedicles divaricate, curved at the extremity. Corolla 
about twice the length of the calyx, one-petaled, fomewhat 
contraaed upwards, and obfeurely four-fided; limb divided 
into 4 lanceolate lacinU, fuffufed with red. Netlary 4 tongue- 
fhaped fcales inferted into the bafe of the germens, which are 
four, oblong, terminating in as many Jiyles equalling the 
ftamens. 8, inferted into the bafe of the corolla, in 
one equal row, the length of the tube. 

^ The 

The name was happily conceived by Mr. Salisbury, from 
fovea to germinate & tpv\\ov a leaf. For this plant poffefles the 
Angular property of germinating from the dark fpot obfervable 
at the bafe of every indentation in the margin of the leaf, not 
whilft growing, but as it decays. Thus, in attempting to dry a 
fpecimen, little germinating bulbs were produced in abundance, 
though there was no appearance of any before the plant was 
depofited between papers. We know of no other fpecies which 
will come under this genus; the Cotyledon pinnata of 
Lamarck being probably the fame; and his two varieties 
differing in nothing but that in the one the crenatures of 
the leaves had germinated and put forth radicles, while the 
other had not. 

Native of the Moluccas, and brought into England from the 
Calcutta garden by Dr. Roxburgh. Requires a moderate 
ftove. Flowers in May. Propagated by the crenatures of the 
leaves or by cuttings. 

We were favoured with the fine plant from which our 
drawing was taken, by Mr. Barr, of Ball's-Pond, Iflington, 


\ /./&//. 


[ i4i° ] 

Gentiana septemfida, var. (/3). Spotted- 
Flowered Crested Gentian. 


Clajs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. l-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, 1 - Iocularis : receptacuUs 2, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. — Fid. N m - 1229. 

Synonimis ibi citatis adde 

GENTIANA feptemfida. Bieberjl. Fl. tanrico-cauc. 1. p. 195. 

Hort. Kew. edit. 2. v. 2. p. no. 
(a.) limbo corollae impunftato. Supra No. 1229. 
((3.) limbo corollae punctato. 

The plant here figured has wider leaves than the one given 
at No. 1229 ; the gores of the corolla are more finely cut, and 
the limb is fpotted with white : circumltances probably owing 
altogether to cultivation. We fhould not, therefore, have 
thought this variety of fuflficient importance to have given a 
feparate figure of it ; but that, for want of more early attention, 
the whole impreflion was coloured under an idea of its being 
another fpecies, which we have not yet been fortunate enough 
to meet with. 

The fpotted-flowered Variety of Gentiana Pncumonanlhc y 
No. 1101, is probably alfo the efTecl: of cultivation, and not 
really different from our indigenous fpecies. The two plants 
mutually illuftrate each other. 

The name of feptemfida is a very improper one; a corolla 
with feven laciniae being a very rare occurrence; Biebek- 
stein obferves that out of many thoufands, he could not meet 
with a fingle one : the ufual number is five. 

Our plant was communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges, with 
whom no fpecies of Gentian thrives better or flowers more 


[ i 4 n 3 


$M % ♦ % frMnE ♦ ♦ ♦♦#♦♦'♦ ft 

C/rt/ir #h^ Order. 

Syngenesia Equalis. 

Generic Charatler.. 

Cah oblongus, imbricatus. Recept. nudum. Pappus piu* 
mofus, coloratus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LlATRIS Jpicata ; fbliis linearibus integerrimis glabris (bad 
eiliatis) nervofis et pun&atis, floribus fpicatis, fqua- 
mis calycinis linearibus obtufis. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. 
p. 16. 36. 
LlATRIS matrojiachya. Michaux PL Bor. Am. 2. p. 91. 
SERRATULA fpicata; foliis linearibus bafi ciliatis, floribus 
fpicatis feflilibus lateralibus, caule fimplici. Sp, 
PL 1147. Reich. 3. p. 672. Hort. Kezv. 3. 
p. 138. Mart. Mill. Dift. n. 14. Gron. Virg. 
ed. 2. p, 116. 
CIRSIUM tuberofum laclnca? capitulis fpicatis. Dill. Eltham. 
p.85. t. 72./. 83. 

The leaves of this fpecies vary much in length and breadth, 
and when cultivated are more or lefs ciliated at the bafe, or 
frequently naked : the broader ones have feveral longitudinal 
nerves, and when held to the light, are perceived, by the aid 
of a lens, to be full of tranfparent dots. The [pikes of flowers 
vary much in length, and begin flowering at the top of the 
ftalk ; on which account, the appearance is much better when 
it firft bloffoms than afterwards, when the dead flowers at the 
fummit of the Hem render the plant unfightly. The remark- 
able length of the Jligmas is perhaps common to the genus, 
though this character would exclude fome fpecies that are at 
prefent arranged under it. Though not comparable with the 
fragrance of Liatris odorata, the leaves of this plant are by no 
means deflitute of an agreeable fmell when dried. 


We have omitted the fynonyzns of Banister and Pluke- 
net, as being very dubious ; and that of Morrison, as cer- 
tainly wrong; the figure of the laft is referred to by Li'nnjeus- 
himfelf, for Serratula [Li at r is] Jquarrofa, with the epi- 
thet of bona. In the fecond edition of the fpecies plantai urn, the 
fame fynonym is repeated at fpicata ; and this error has been 
carelefsly continued by Reichard, Willdenow, and 
Martyn, which could not have happened had any of thefe 
writers taken the pains to compare the originals. 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Whitley, Br a me, and 
Milne's, of the Fulham Nurfery, from a plant imported by 
the late Mr. Fraser. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in Auguft. Propagated by 
parting its roots or by feed. 


**. './art/brri 

C 1412 ] 

Carolinea minor. Lesser Carolinea. 

#' $ $ '$$ I t ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ 

C/^/i and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx urceolatus truncatus. Filamenta ramofa. Stylus lon- 
giflimus. Stigma 6-partitum. Cap/, lignofa, l-locularis, poly- 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

CAROLINEA minor ; foliis fcptenatis ; foliolis elliptico- 
oblongis utrinque acutis, pedunculo calycc 
longiore, petalis decoloribus. 

BOMB AX Carolinoides, Donn Hort. Cant. p. 156. 

We received this elegant fhrub from Meffrs. Loddiges 
and Sons, under the name of Bomb ax Carolinoides, an ap- 
pellation given it by Dr. Anderson of the Botanic Garden at 
St. Vincent's, who was induced to refer it to that genus becaufe 
its feeds are enveloped in a fine brown cottony fubftance. But 
it is fo exa£t a reprefentation in miniature of Carolinea 
in/ignis, the fame truncated calyx, linear flelhy petals, and 
Angularly branched filaments, that we cannot confent to feparate 
it from that genus, and refer it to Bombax, with the other 
fpecies of which it has fo much lefs affinity ; even though it 
fhould be found that the feeds of Carolinea princeps and 
infignii have no cottony or other analogous envelope ; of which 
however we cannot find any certain proof. 

Carolinea minor differs from infignii not only in fize, the 
latter being a very lofty tree, but in the relative length of the 
peduncle, nearly twice that of the calyx, which in infignis is 
hardly fo long, though the calyx in the latter is more than 
fifteen, but in the former only about five times fhorter than 
the petals. The petals in our plant are green on both fides, 
in in/ignis, according to SwarTZ, they are of a bright red 


The Pachira aquatica of Aublet, Caroline a princeps 
Linn, is reprefented with large lanceolate ftigmas, but in 
the dried fpecirnens that we have feen, which for aught we 
know may have all really belonged to C. injigms\ they are juft 
as reprefented in our figure, or not fo large in proportion to 
the fize of the flower. 

Caroline a minor, according to Dr. Anderson, isanative 
of Guiana, growing on the borders of rivers, and forming a 
very elegant tree ; but is not common even there. The fruit he 
fays, is about the fize of that of Bomb ax Ceiba, is a woody cap- 
iule one-celled, with five valves, and numerous kidney-fhaped 
feeds difpofed in five rows, and enveloped in fine brown cotton. 
Mr. Lod dices received the feed of this tree feveral years ago 
from Dr. Anderson, and has now feveral fine healthy looking 
plants. J 6 


/'■ sriu, ■***, z) e s. j>«t. i v .r /j^k, K,/„, r/ x trf.t, /*//. 

C M13 ] 


Cfa/3r j»^ Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Masc. Gz/y* imbricatus : foliolis concavis, interioribus 
gradatim majoribus, intenfius coloratis. Stam. 6? coalita in 
clypeum orbiculatum, fexfidum, margine revolutum: laciniarum 
finubus, tot foramina fimulantibus, polliniferis. 

Fem. Calyx ut in mare. Germina plurima ovoidea. Stigma 
breve acutum. Bacc<e l-fpermae, receptaculo elongato fpicatim 

Obs. Genus Menifpcrmo affine Nomen a Y.%igi<; et avvjf, ob fijjiiras 
anther is quaji intcrjeftas. 

Specific Name. 

SCHISANDRA coccinea. Michaux Flor. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 219. 
tab. 47. 

For the fpecimen of this very rare climbing (hrub, from 
which our drawing was made, we are indebted to our friend 
John Walker, Efq. of Arno's-Grove, Southgate. As it 
unfortunately produced only male flowers, our character of the 
female was neceffarily borrowed from Micmaux : that of the 
male we have made to correfpond with our ideas of its Ihufclure 
from achial though too limited obfervation. 

The fhield-like body, in the centre of the flower, which 
appears to have fix perforations, or five according to Mi- 
chaux, is confidered by him to be formed by the coalefced 
feffile anthers ; we regard it as rather compofed of filaments 


united together ; but, without deciding the queftion, we ufe 
the word Jiamen, as applicable to either. Thefe apparent per- 
forations are not, however, really fuch, but fo many clefts in 
the border of the fhield, the fides of which are clofely applied 
together towards the margin, but feparate at their termination 
towards the centre, fo as to form fmall oval openings, the 
edges of which are covered with a white pollen. In the 
flowers of our fpecimen the leaflets of the calyx exceeded 
nine ; thefe are round, concave, and imbricate, the inner ones 
regularly increafing in fize and in intenfenefs of colour 
withinfide, till they become of a bright minium red. 

Native of South-Carolina and Georgia, therefore liable to 
be killed by the feverity of our winters, unlefs protected by 
the JheUer of glafs. Flowers in June. Propagated by 


C HH 1 

Gentiana macrophylla. Long- 
leaved Gentian. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Dicynia. 

Generic CharaHer* 

Cor. l-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, i — 6-Iocularis. Receptactilis s, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

GENTIANA macrophylla ; corollis quinquefidis (f. quadri- 
fidis) feffilibus verticillatis, foliis radicalibus 
caulem inferne fubnudum aequantibus. Pallas 
Fl. Rofs. 2. p. 108. /. 96. mild, Sp. PL 1. 
p. 1335. Frcelich. Gent. p. 31. n. 7. Hort, 
Kew. edit II. v. 2. p. 110. 

GENTIANA floribus confertis terminatricibus, corollis 
quadrifidis et quinquefidis, foliis lanceolatis, 
caule procumbente media parte nudo. Gmel. 
Sib, 4. p. 104. /. 52. 

Desc. Stalk aflurgent, rounded, moftly naked in the 
middle part, but often having a pair of fmall imperfeft leaves 
near the bottom, and another pair, fomewhat larger, towards 
the upper part. Radical leaves lanceolate, five-nerved, pale 
underneath, quite entire, fome of them equalling the ftalk in 
length. Flowers verticillate, crowded together at the fummit 
of the ftalk, feflile. Floral leaves feveral, four long growing 
crofswife, others fmaller intermingled with the flowers ; one 
or two flowers fometimes grow in the axils of the upper pair 
of cauline leaves. Calyx truncate, fplitting on one fide. Corolla 
fomewhat inflated upwards : limb divided into four or five 
fegments, foon becoming ere& and more acute. The corolla 


is blue at firft, but changes green, and perfifts in this ftate till 
the feeds are ripe. Stamens four or five, fhorter than Germen, 
which is fpindle-fhaped. Stigmas flat, at firft applied clofe 
together, afterwards revolute. The tafte of this plant is {lightly 
bitter, but dwells long on the tongue. 

Native of Siberia, according to Pallas, where, efpecially 
in the e^ltem parts, it is very common, in the paftures, in 
woods, and in the mountains. In all this tra£l of country 
Gentian a cruciata does not occur. 

Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges and Sons. Flowers 
in June. Is a perfectly hardy perennial. Propagated by 


'tn/hn >/ 

C 1415 ] 

Aloe serrulata. Saw-leaved Aloe. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Char after. — Fid. No. 1352. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE ferrulata g (caudex brevior foliatus ; flores e majoribus, 
nutantes, recli g) foliis raultifariam ambientibus, im* 
bricato-divergentibus, numerofis, lanceolato-acuminatis, 
albo-maculofis, margine cartilagineis ferrulato-denti- 
cuiatis, apice carinato-triquetris ; caule fubramofo ; 
racemo multifloro remotiufculo ; corolla fubclavato- 
cylindracea compreffiufcula ore brevi regulari patula, 
laciniis pro tribus panibus concretis inde conniventi- 
bus, obtufulis ; germine columellari, rotundate trigono, 
quam ftylus fubtriplo breviori ; ftylo filamentis graci- 
liore, punflo ftigmatofo obfolete pubefcente. G. 

ALOE ferrulata. Haworth. Linn. T'ranf. 7. 18. Hort. Kew. 
ed. 2. 2. 295. 

ALOE perforata, a. ferrulata. Hort. Kew. 1. 467. Mart. 
Mill. Diet. 

Very clofely allied to variegate (fupfa No. 513 t) but is al- 
together a much larger plant with multifarious ambient leaves 
not trifarioufly decuflated as in that, which are alfo of a 
much duller greyifh green, not undulately variegated as 
there, but marked with largiOl diltina oblong white blotches ; 
the pedicles are about half the length of the corolla, and not 
three or four times fhortcr than that, as in variegata. Miller, 
in his Dictionary, after defcribing variegata, fays, u I have 
taifed a v riety of this from feeds which I received from ihe 
Cape of Good Hope, with broader and flatter leaves, which 


fpread more than thofe of the former, and are not fo beauti- 
fully fpotted ; but as thefe plants have not flowered yet, fo I 
do not know if it will prove a diftinft fpecies." This may 
very probably be our prefent fpecies. Native of the Cape of 
Good Hope; introduced before 1789. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant that flowered this 
fummer in Mr. Haworth's collection. G. 


No. 870, 1. a paginae cake 3 ; dele ft precedente." 

No. 894, 1. 8, pro " Germen inferum," lege " Gtrmtn fuperum.*' 

No. iii2, 1. 14, prae verbo " mucronulo" infere " antheris." 

No. 1346, 1. a paging pede 5 ; poft " minor," infere " mild. Sp. PI. 

2. 186." 
No. l39 i, 1. 7 , pro « Mafc." lege « Masc. pro » F*m." Fjem." 
* L 10, poft " Nux" dele periodurn. 


'vlverth 0c ' 

[ i4i6 ] 

pltcairnia bracteata (/3.) sulphurea. 

Yellow-flowered Pitcairnia. 

C/^/j tf«i Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. feorfim brafteata. Cat. femifuperus, trifidus, tubulofo- 
connivens fegmentis acuminatis, perfiftens. Cor. longior tri- 
petaloideo-partita, fegmentorum calycinornm baft impofita, 
tubulofo-convoluta, regularis ore brevi patula irregularifve 
atque unilabiato-inflexa, decidua, modo arcuato-emarcefcens, 
laciniis ligulato-ellipticis ifometris fsepius baft intus membrana 
fubfquamiformi concava a dorfo partim adnata appendiculatis. 
St ant. tota libera ex eodem ac corolla pun£to. Fit. comprefib- 
fililormia. Anth. fagittato-lineares, ereckj-continwas. Stylus 
fubulatim elongatus, trifulco-trigonus, femiimmerfi germinis 
apicem continuans, deciduus. Stig. 3, canaliculato-linearia, in 
unum fpiraliter contorta. Cap/, ball adnato calyce cinfta inde 
velata, ovato-pyramidata, tricocca, trigona, coccis futura media 
introrfum dehilcentibus. Sem. numerola liueari-oblongata, alata 
vel utrinque membranaceo-caudata, gemino ordine introflexae 
futurae margini annexa. G. Hepetis. Schwartz. Schrcber. 

Obs. Herbze perenne s ; radix rh'izoma fibrofumjioloniferum ; folia a 
piano obverfa, radicalia vel infcrne caulina, plurima, e deorjum imbricato- 
ambientibus ereflo-divergentia, lorato-lanceolata, convolute-concava pellicula 
lanuginoja deter ju facilifubtus albefcentia, margine fapius aculeaio-dentata ; 
caulis centralis radicalism io\\o\\s jlipatus, ftmpUx vel ramofus ; racemus a. 
fpicato conferto ad diffufum atque pauciflorum ; calyx rata herbaceus. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PITCAIRNIA brail eat a ; (fores unilabiato-irregulares, {qua. 
migeri ;) foliis lorato-attentiatis Lgeribus re-. 
flexis, margine fubedentulis, a» prono albo- 
lanuginofis ; caule fimpliciflimo' valido tereti, 
gofiypino-lanato, foliolis fquamato ; racemo 
numerofo fpicato imbricatim congefto, floribus 
afcendenter divergeatibus ; braBeis ciliatis 
calyccra exaetfuanttbus ; pediceilis pubefcenti- 
bus flore aiiquoties brevioribus ; calyce exius 
tomentofo, corolla duplo breviore; corolla 


laciniis cochleari-Jigulatis, e deorfum con- 
voluto-anguftads in laminam ovatam conca- 
viufculam explicantibus, totis furfum fibi 
mutuo incumbentibus, duobus tertiam fum- 
mara i/erfus obliquatim inflexis; fquama den- 
ticulate. G. 

PITCAIRNIA bracleata. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 202. 

(«.) calyce colorato ; floribus rubris. G. 

P. latijolia. Lil. a Redoute, tab. 73 74. nee aliorum ,• (minus 
refie fupra in No. 856, ad ipfam latifoliam 

(j3.) calyce berbacea ; corolla fulphureo-lutefcente. G. 

P. fiilphurea. Bot. Repofit. tab. 249. LiL a Redout e, fol. 73. 
pag. alt. abfque hone. 

This is the moil robufl as well as clofeft flowered fpecies of 
any of the genus yet known to us. We have not met with 
the red-flowered plant in any of our collections ; but Monf. 
Rf.doute, who has publifhed it in his " Liliacees" under the 
name of latifolia, fays, that he received it from Mr. Wood- 
ford's colle&ion in this country, by the name of Pitcairnia 
raccmofa, and that it came originally from the Weft- Indies. 
The yellow flowered plant now given, is a native of the Ifland 
of St. Vincent, whence it was introduced by Mr. Evans 
about 1799. We agree with the editor of the fecond edition 
of the Hortus Kewenfis in the belief that the two plants are 
mere varieties of each other. 

The ftem of our fpecimen was about two feet high, and 
towards the bafe about the thicknefs of a man's finger. 
Requires to be kept in the bark bed of a ftove, where it 
blooms early in the fummer. Flowers about an inch and a 
half long ; fcemlefs ; three or four expanding at a time, and 
decaying in the fpace of a few hours. Propagated by 
fuckers. G. 


No. 856, 1. 12, dele " LU. a Redouti, tab. 74.' 


[ *4*7, ] 

Aloe arachnoides (S.) translucens. 

Transparent-leaved Aloe. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦MM* * 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. No. 1352. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ALOE arachnoides. Vid. No. 1314. 

(a.) communis. Supra No. 756. 

(j3.) pumila. Supra No. 1361. 

(•j/.) reticulata. Supra Aft?. 1314. 

(£) tranflucens ; foliis pallidiffimis, tranfparentibus, margins 

et carina fetaceo-denticulatis, cufpide terminali membranacea 

nee echinata; caule facpe foliolis fphacelatis prae aliis numero- 

fius ftipato. G. 

ALOE tranflucens. Haworth Linn. Tranf. 7. 10. n. 15, tiort. 

Kew. ed. 2. 2. 300. 
ALOE pumilio. Jacq. HorL Schoenb. v. 4. t. 34. 

For general account of the fpecies, fee Numbers 756, 1314* 
and 1361. Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered 
this fummer in Mr. H aworth's colleaion. We are informed 
that it is the rare ft and moft difficult to preferve of the four 
we have mentioned as varieties. G, 



The following fynonym may be added with certainty to 
that fpecies, viz. 

Santan, vulgo Time Juri. Lilium quafi cruore infe&am, 
caule pedali foliis anguftis fpicato. 

Idem S. Corona inperialis fl. puniceo fangmneis punBis dc- 
corato. Kampf. Amen. Exoi. 87 1. Fig. MSS. 141 ; optima. 


C mis ] 

Aletris farinosa. White-flowered 

American Aletris. 

■ f »<r f yumrt If » m » » frf »»» -»♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Charatler. 
Inflor. feorfim bra&eolata, bra&eolis fingulis vel et altera in 
pedicello. Cor. fubfemiinfera, tubulofa, erefta nutanfve, extus 
rugofo-fcabrata, obfolete hexagona ore fexfido patulo, laci- 
nulis tubo 3 — 4plo brevioribus, acuminatis, concavis. St am. 
lacinularum bafi impofita, ilTis ifometra. Ftl. complanato- 
fubulata, ere&o-divergentia. Anth. fubfagittato-adnata?, introrfae. 
Germ, corollae fundo fubfemiirnrnerfum, trilobo-pyramidatum, 
Jiylis tribus fetiformibus in fafciculum trigonum compa&is 
pun&o ftigmatofo fimplici terminals continuatum. Cap/, veftita 
tricocco-pyramidata apice trifariam foluta Itylis appendiculata, 
cocculis introrfum dehifcentibus utraque fine inanibus. San. 
numerofa, rninutiffirna, oblongata, arcuata, ftriata. G. 

Obs. Herbze perennes ; radix jib r of a rhizomate modo crajftore oblongata; 
folia plur'ima graminea, radicalia, multifariam aj/ibienlia, e deorjum con- 
vsluto-imbricatis patentia, a piano obvtrfa, carinata ; caulis Jimpex altior 
Jiriatus, folioUs vagi's gradatim decrcfccntibus fiipatus ; racemus termmahs 
ereclusmultifiorusfpicatus; pedicelh corolla breviores.^ Genus HtLoniM 
proximum . Fruftus multum P 1 t c a 1 K n i & habet. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALETRIS farinofa ,• foliis lineari-attenuatis canaliculars ; 
caule tereti {triato-angulofo pulvifculo cano irro- 
rato ; racemo numerofo laxo pedicellis corolla 
fubtriplo brevioribus bra&eolis unicis geminifve ; 
corolla ovato-urccolata breviter oblongata; an- 
theris tranfeunte filamentorum apice mucronu- 
latis. G. 

ALETRIS farinofa. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 456. Aman. Acad. 
3. 11. Ihrt. Kew. 1. 463. ed. 2. 2. 290. Wait. 
Flor. Carol. 121. Michaux. FL Bor.-Amer. 1. 189. 
Mill. Die/, ed. 8. WiM. Sp. PI. 2. 183. 

ALETRIS. Gron. Virg. ed. 2. 51. 

WURMBEA bullata. Wtlld. Hort. Berol.fol.%. tab. 8. (excluf. 
fyn. Plukeneli et Morifoni ad auream pcrttnenti- 



HYACINTHUS caule nudo foliis linguiformibus acuminatfs 

dentatis. Gr0n.Firg.3B. (Tantummodoinfiorefcentia 

fpecimen babet Herbarium Claytonianum j folia defunt.) 

H. floridanus fpicatus. Pluk, Amalth. 119. tab. 437. fig. 2. 

Descr. .Stem 1 — 2 feet high, brownifih green covered with a 
very fine grey meal ; leaves much fhorter, narrow, grafs-like ; 
corolla fcarcely the third of an inch long, whitifh, fegments 
tipped with a cinnamon brown ; anthers deep tawny yellow ; 
germen green ; flyles white, nearly the length of the germen ; 
the whole plant fcentlefs. Native of North-America. Culti- 
vated by P. Miller in 1768. Blooms about June. Requires 
the protection of a garden frame in very fevere weather in this 
country, where, it feldom feeds ,- and, being propagated with 
fome difficulty by the root, is {till a fcarce plant. Nor have 
we ever feen it in flower, until the prefent fpecimen was fent 
us by Meffrs. Loddiges, from their Nurfery at Hackney. 

It is faid to be known by the name of Star-grajs or Star-root 
in America, and ufeti medicinally. Seeing that there are no 
leaves to the fpecimen in Clayton's Herbarium, from which 
the " Flora Virginica" was compiled by Gronovius ; we 
fufpect that the very erroneous defcription of them in the firft 
edition of that work, was owing to this circumftance, which 
required that fome other fource fhould be reforted to by the 
author. G. 

Specierum Enumlratio. 

farinofa. Supra No. 1418/ 

aurea. Walt. Flcr. Carol. 121. Gmel.SyJl.Kat. 7. 562, Michaux. 

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. 190. Ephemerum &c. Pluk. Almag. 

135. Phyt. 1 74. /. 5 s f/ynou. a Linnato male II e l o n 1 & 

bullatae datum.) 

japonica, Lambert in Linn. Tranf. 10. 407, in pag. ralce, 

farinofa. 1'bunb. Linn, in Tranf, 2. 334. Hvpoxis 

fpicata. id, Ffor. Japn. 136. 



In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty- Fourth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

4 1 8 Aletris farinofa. 

385 Allium Ampeloprafum. 
3B1 — bifulcum. 

408 obliquum. 

417 Aloearachnoides(£,)tran{lucens. 

415 ferrulata. 

398 Bignonia grandiflora. 

409 Bryophyllum calycinum. 

39 1 Carex fraferiana. 

412 Carolinea minor. 
384 Crocus fulphureus (j3). 

387 Cytifus divaricatus [$), 

404 Dianella enfifolia (a). 
380 Drimia lanceaefolia ((3). 

399 Erica odorata. 

382 Eriofpermum latifolium (a). 
414 Gentiana macrophylla. 

410 feptemfida (p). 

386 Geranium ibericum. 

393 Iris ruthenica ((3), 
379 Ixia fucata. 

378 monadelpha (&). 

401 Lachenalia contaminata. 
41 1 Liatrls fpicall. 

405 Lilium monadelphum. 
76 Mefembryanthemum minutnm. 

407 i^orsea fifyrinchium. 

374 Nemtia fpeciofa. 

416 Pitcairm»brafteata (0) fulphurea, 
3qo Pittofporum Tobira. 

389 Podalyria lupinoides. 

375 Pothos pentaphylla. 

394 Pultenasa daphnoides. 
377 Rofa brafteara. 

400 Ruellia formofa. 

413 Schifandra coccinea. 
403 Smilacina borealis. 
397 Stapelia reclinata. 

383 Strumaria fpiralis. 

392 Trichonema caulefcens, 

390 Tulipa Clufiana. 

388 Tufliiago fragrans. 

402 Uvularia feflilifolia, 

406 Watfonia ftriftiflora, 

395 Zieria Smithii. 


In which the Englifh Names of 
the^ Plants contained in the 
Thirty-Fourth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

418 Aletris, white-flowered Ameri- 

415 Aloe, law-leaved. [can. 
417 tranfparent-leaved. 

409 Bryophyllum, pendulous-flower- 

391 Carex, Frafer's. [ed. 

412 Carolina, lefler. 

388 Coltsfoot, fweet-fcented. 

384 Crocus, felf-coloured, cloth of 

387 Cytifus, fmooth-leaved, ftrad- 


404 Dianella, whitilh -flowered. 

380 Drimia, leffer plain-leaved. 

382 Eriofpermum, Ihort-pedicled 


376 Fig-marigold, tiny. 

381 Garlic, jonquil-leaved. 

385 great round-headed. 

408 - - twifted-leaved. 

414 Gentian, long-leaved. 

410 ipotted-flowered crefted. 

386 Geranium, Iberian. 

399 Heath, perfumed. 

393 Iris, pigmy. [delphous. 

378 Ixia, orange -coloured, mona- 

379 painted-flowered. 

401 Lachenalia, mixed-coloured. 

4 1 1 Liatris, fpiked. 

405 Lily, monadelphous. 

407 Morxa,European,orSpanifliNut, 

374 Neottia, red-flowered. 

416 Pitcairnia, yellow-flowered. 
326 Pittofporum, gloffy-leaved. 
3^9 Podalyria, lupine-leaved. 

375 Pothos, five-leaved. 

394 Pultenaea, Daphne-leaved. 

377 Rofe, Macartny's Rofe. 

400 Ruellia, fplendid. 

413 Schifandra, fcarlet-flowered. 
403 Smilacina, northern. 

397 Stapelia, reclining. 

383 Strumaria, fpiral-ftalked. 

392 Trichonema, caulefcent. 

398 Trumpet-flower, Chinefe. 
390 Tulip, Chifius's. 

402 Uvularia, feflile-leaved. 

406 Watfonia, ftraight-flowered. 

395 Zieria, lanceolate. 

Printed by S. Couchman, Thro£inort«n-Strcet, Londom,