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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, j» 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

VOL. XXXIII. 

'* Inter vitales herbas fuccofque falubres 
" Quam bene flat populo vita falufque fua." 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternojler-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland, 

MDCCCXI. 




ifintTgJvmii- V?l 



jutiy ra~ ■- 



[ *3 2 9 ] 
Albuca vittata. Riband-Albuca, 

C/tf/> d^/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1046. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA vittata; (bulbus ovatus ;) foliis pluribus, ambienter 
radicalibus, ere&o-divergentibus, linear! fcmitere- 
tibus, anguftis, convoluto-canaliculatis, acuminatis, 
extus ftriatis, fcapo tereti-attenuato; racemo ereclo, 
remotius paucifloro; pedicellis divaricatis, brac- 
teas folitarias lanceolato-attenuatas fufcas fubae- 
quantibus ; corolla pendulo-cernua, hexapetalo- 
partita, tota rotato-patente ; laciniis ifometns, ex- 
teripribus fubduplo anguftioribus, lineari-oblongis 
apiculo callofo obfolete puberulo ; interioribus 
obovato-ellipticis, apice incurvulis et extrorfum 
fubpenicillatis ; ftaminibus corollae fubasqualibus, 
ere&o-divergentibus, deorfum pro ger minis lon- 
gitudine membranacee alatis, inde fubulato-fili- 
formibus ; alternorum membrana duplo latiore 
denticulis binis terminata ; caeterorum cuneato- 
oblonga, edentula ;'germine quam fty Ins fubduplo 
breviore, columnari, rotundato-trigono fulcis tribus 
facialibus ftriis totidem angularibus ahernantibus ; 
ftylo corollam exfuperante, fubcIavato-Lereti, tri- 
ftriato, fubfiexuofo, filamentis triplo craffiore, 
finem verfus muricato-pubefcente. G. 



Bulb about the fize of a pigeon's egg : Jiem (in our fpecimen) 
rather fhorter than the leaves^ which were about five or fix 
inches long ; flowers yellow ; each petal-like fegment inter- 
fered by a bright green vertical itripe or fillet. 

XTo* 



Not recorded by any author known to us. Differs from 
Anthericum allucoides (the Ornithogalum albucoides of 
Thunberg's Prodromus ? and, as far as we can judge from 
the fpecimen in the Bankfian Herbarium, the Ornithogalum 
Jemndum of Jacquin and Willdenow) in having narrower 
leaves without a cartilaginous edging and ttriate on the outiide ; 
in having cernuoufly pendulous and not upright corollas ; as well 
as in having alternate ftamens with a bidentately alate membrane 
that reaches only half their length. But Anthericum albucoides 
(according to our conception of the genera) is, as well as this, 
an Albuca, not an Ornithogalum, much lefs an Anthe- 
ricum. Blooms in the latter end of the fummer. Native of 
the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was introduced into 
this country by Mr. G. Hibbert, of Clapham. 

Ourdran : "g was made at Mr. Knight's Nurfery, New- 
Road, Fulham. G. 



WJ330. 




JyJ^&dwar.y 1.3yj:Cur& 



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[ 133° 3 
Allium tlavum. Yellow Garlic. 

J§t- >5& J&. ?!* ^k.A't >'».j^..«k >'■•_ .«S». ^». .'i»..«'i * A J» A A A 
^j» sjcvjcv,* «j» »,» v^vjvv,* #,>r sj» vjs yf» >,-» v,» >;■» ^jf^jc jj*^* - 

C/ 4 j/} (3«t/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 774. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM flavum ; (bitlbus ovaius, Jimpfcx ;) foliis fubtrims, 
tereti-attenuatis, longe vagmatuibus, caule liepius 
brevioribus, laminis remotis, glaucis, (ante anthrfin 
Jrequentius emortuis) ; caule tereti ; l'patha bivalvi, 
umbcllam bis terve excedente, valvis a bafi con- 
cavo-di latat a convoluto-cufpidatim auenuatis pa- 
tentiffimis reflexifve ; umbellalaxa (ad periph<eriam 
ftfpius pendula) y pedicellis corolla pluries lon- 
gioribus flexiiibus; corolla fubtrigono-cainpariu- 
lata ; laciniis oblongis, obtufatis, fubaequalibus ; 
exterioribus fuhconcavioribus ; ftamirtibus fub- 
ulato-filiforaiibus, corolla duplo longioribus ; ger- 
mine laciniis duplo breviore, rotundo-turbinato, 
trilobato-trigono fulcis trinis facialibus finis totidem 
angularibus ; ftylo fetiformi ftaminibus denuo 
ifometro. G. 

ALLIUM f. avian ; Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 428. J acq. Auftr. 
tab. 141. Hort. Keiv. 1. 425. IVilld. Sp. Pi. 2. 
72^ (fxcln/o Millero). LiL a Redout e t tab. 1 1 9. 
Lam. et Decand. PL Franc. 3. 226. n. 1970. 

A. fol. teretibus, vagina bicorni, umbella lutea pendula. II. 
Hall. Opufc. 385, 386. 

A. juncifolium J-jteum. IVcinm. Phyt. No. 39. fig. C. 

MOLY montaiii quarti fpecics prima Clufii. Ger. Emac. 188. 

fi& 7- 

ALLIUM juncifolium bicorne luteum. Rudb. Ely/. i$j. 

fig. vi. 
ALLII montani IV. fpecies I. CluJ. FUJI. 197. cum Lc. 

Bulb with but a flight degree of the ufual flavour of Garlic ; 
integuments thin, browniih j fhm 1 — 2 feet high j valves of 

the 



the fpathe 3 — 9 inches long ; the bloom, which has little or no 
fcent while in the open air, is faid, when placed in a room, to 
diffufe conliderable fragrance. Differs from paniculatum and 
pallensy to both of which it is clofely allied ; from the firft by- 
its glaucous leaves and yellow umbel, as well as the roundnels 
of the former, which are not ftrongly ftriate or ribbed on the 
back, as in paniculatum / from the fecond by the far greater 
proportionate length of both flamens and ftyle. Native of 
Auftria and the South of France. The fpecimen was com- 
municated by Mr. Ha worth. G. 



NOTE. 

In No. 1143, we had corrected the miftake, of having 
given in No. 973, a plant for Allium paniculatuniy which, 
though mofl clofely allied, we think really diftin6t ; but have 
in the fame place itated that in paniculatum " the pedicles are 
intermixed with fmall round bulbs ;" this obfervation fhould 
be expunged, as it applies to oleraceum, between which and 
-paniculatum thefe bulbs are one of the chief diftinftions. The 
flamens are longer in paniculatum than in caucajeum* G. 



I 




JLi.iyTCwiLr J?£t<,.G-?fi*™-tlVov r uei. 






>Ste >^" ; ' ? 2. 




C 1331 ] 

Aloe carinata («), Keel-leaved Aloe. 
•$■■$■ ■%-%- fc fr# JMnNt j|h^ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ft 

C/w/Jr a«</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. — Vid. fupra No. 756. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE carinata g (ecaudicala ; infiortfeentia omnino Linguae, 
fupra No. 1322;,) foliis lubradicali-ambien. ibus, nu- 
merous, aflurgenter divancatis, a In 1 ba;i iubacmaci- 
formi-acuminatis, fupra concavis infra carinato-con- 
vexis, craffis, rigidis, tuberculis pallidis parum clevatis 
(nunc in nieras marulas fuhjidentibus) vagis parcius cre- 
briufve ineequaliter (nunc part immodo) confperfis. G. 

ALOE carinata. Mill. Dirt ed. % n. 21. (excl. Hort. Amfl.) 
Hort. Kew. 1. 469. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 189. (excl. Linn. 
Sp. PL et Mart. Cent.) Haworth. Linn. Tranf 7. 13. 
n. 24. 

A. carinata. A. acinaciformis. Decand. PL Gr.fol. 63. (excl. 
var. B. enjiformr'y qu<e una cum tabula ad verrucofam, 
fupra No. 837, pert met). 

A. trijlicha. Medicui. 'Theodora. 75. n. 15. 

A. africana foliis planis latioribus conjugatis carinatis flore 
rubro. Mill. Ic. tab. 19. 

A. feflilis fol. verruqofis apice triquetris carnofis. Mill. Dicl. 
ed. 7. n. 2 1 ,• (excl. Hort. Amfl.) 

A. africana folio in fummitate triangular! verrucis albidis 
notato. Weinm. Phyt. No. 59. 

A. africana feflilis, fol. carinatis verrucofis. Dill. Hort. Ellh. 
22. tab. 18. fig. 20. 

(@.) foliis fubdiftichis. G. 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Cultivated by She- 
hard in his garden at Eltham, and by Miller in the Chelfea 
garden. A greenhoufe plant. Blooms late in the fummer. 

Leaves 



Leaves of a dark, fometimes purplifh-brown green. The 
inflorefrences of macula/a verrucofa Lingua and the prefent 
fpecies are fo nearly alike, that they are of fearcely any avail 
in fpecifically dirtinguifhing them from each other. Decan- 
dolle makes this and verrucofa varieties of each other; but 
Miller, who had cultivated them from feed, denies their 
being fo ; and we entirely agree with him. A plant of eafy 
culture and propagation ; not quite fo common in our col- 
lections as either Lingua or verrucofa. We have to thank 
Mr. Haworth for our fpecimen. G. 



NOTE. 

No. 1322. To the fynonyms of the variety a. of Lingua^ 
add ; 

ALOE verrucula. Medicus. Theodora. 73. ;/. J4. 



ERRATUM. 

No, 1924, pag. alt. 1. 14, after *' gracile" inftead of a "comma" put a 
" femicolon," after which infert the word n and," 



Leaves of a dark, fometimes purplifh-brown green. The 
inflorefrences of maculata verrucofa Lingua and the prefent 
fpecies are fo nearly alike, that they are of fearcely any avail 
in fpecifically diltingui filing them from each other. Decan- 
dolle makes this and verrucofa varieties of each other ; but 
Miller, who had cultivated them from feed, denies their 
being fo ; and we entirely agree with him. A plant of eafy 
culture and propagation ; not quite fo common in our col- 
lections as either Lingua or verrucofa. We have to thank 
Mr. Haworth for our fpeciaien. G. 



NOTE. 

No. 1322. To the fynonyms of the variety «. of Lingua> 
add ; 

ALOE verrucula. Medicus. Theodora. 73. », 14. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 1T24, pag. alt. \. xa. after u gracile" inftead of a " comma" put a 
" femicolon," after which infert the word " and." 



I 
JV~J.3o2» 




Jul.hvT.Curfcr J? (fee. C scf:*„.t }/,-.:>' 1. isj c > 



C 3332 1 

Aloe depressa. Short-leaved 

PERFOLIATE AlOE. 
Oafs and Order. 

H E X A K D R I A MONOGYNIA, 

Generic Char a tier, — Fid. No. 756. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE deprefa ; (caudcx brevis crajfus vcl tot ns folia tits vet 
u, orfum dennd<dus ; fores e niajorilus, trigone tubu!o/i t 
reelr, prndttli ;) foliis ambientibus, divancarim paten- 
tibus, ovato-acuminatis, brevibus, e fiavo-vifentibua 
glauco rore obnubilatis, rigido-craflis, iucculentis, 
deritibus acutis albido-cartilagineis remotius margine 
et fubtus finem verfus armatis, aliorumque rudimentis 
vagis macularum facie in utraque pagina parciffime 
confperfis ; racemo fpicatim elongate), parco, e recto ; 
pedicellis ereftis bra&eas fubaequantibus corolla dupio 
vel ultra breviorihus ; ftaminibus inclufis. G. 

ALiOE depreffa. Hawortb. Linn. Tranf 7. 16. n. 33. 

A. perfoliate!, *. depreffa. Hort. Kezv. 1. 467. 

A. perfoliata. f. Linn. Sp, PL ed. 2. v. 1. 458. Willd. Sp. 
PL 2. 186. 

A. Breviorihus. Mill. Did. ed. 8. n. 8. 

A. foliis amplexicaulibus utraque fpinofis floribus fpicatis. 
Mill. Did. ed. 7. a. 8. 

A. africana caulefcens foliis glaucis breviffimis, foliorum parte 
interna et externa nonnihil fpinofa. Comm. Prcelud. 72. 
( nee uti plerifque 7 1 .) tab. 2 1 . fine f. 



Stem fimple ; leaves about two inches broad at the bafe, 
five long; corolla pale red, greenifli towards the end. Mil- 
ler in his Dictionary, under the head Aloe, has evidently- 
committed fome blunder concerning the eighth and fixteenth 

fpecies. 



pecies. He has quoted the fame fynonym to both ; while the 
fpecific character of each is reciprocally reverfed by the de- 
fcription in the fubjoining obfervation : we have adopted that, 
the fpecific characler of which applies to our plant, as have 
the editors of the Hortus Kewenfis. Mr. Haworth has 
quoted the one, of which the defcription in the obfervation 
only is applicable. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Blooms in the fummer. 
We are obliged to Mr. Haworth for the prefent fp'ecimen. G. 




$&*imiUX*. ^fyT.<MW'6^Cr f fe**y e3 ,.r U filO. JT.Sanforn Jun.J 



[ 1333 ] 

Panax quinquefolia. Five-leaved 
Panax or Ginseng. 
frf M ♦ $iM < ♦ i ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ -&-& 

Oafs and Order. 
Polygamia Dicecia. (Pf.ntandria Digynia Perfoon). 

Generic Character. 
Gz/.5-dentatus. Cor. 5-petala. Bacca infera, cordata, 2-fperma. 
Cat. in flore malculo integer. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

PANAX q" : 'iqiiefolia' y foliis ternis : foliolis quinis petiolatis, 

pedunculo petiolis breviore, radice fuliformi. 
PANAX quinquefolium ; foliis ternis quinatis. Sp. PI. 1512. 

ReicL 4. p. 362. Kalm. it. 3. p. 334 Blacks, t. 513. 

Rpgn. Bot. Zorn ic. 355. Woodv. Med. Bot. 270. /. 99. 

Gron. Ft. Virg. 35. prf id. 162. Marf. A// 7. Did. 
PANAX quinquefolium ; caule herbaceo, foliis ternis, foliolis 

quinis ovalibus acuminatis petiolatis. Michaux FL 

Bor-Amer. 2. p. 256. Perfoon Syn. i. p. 298. 
GINSENG. Jartoux; Lettres edifiantes et rurieufes, v. 10. p. 

172. Philofoph. Iran/, v. 28. />. 237. /. 5. 
AURELIANA canadensis, Lafiteau Ginf. p. 87. c. tab. Catrjb. 

Carol, app. t. 16. Breyn. Prod. pi. 2. p. 35. /. ad. p. 52. 
ARALIASTRUM, Quinqucfolii folio ; majus, Ninzinvocatura 

D. Sarrazin. Vaill.Jerm. 43. 
ARALIASTRUM foliis ternis quinquepartitis, Ginfeng f. 

Ninfen officinarum. Trezv Ehret. t. 6. f. 1. 

Ginseng has been a famous remedy among the Chinefe 
from time immemorial; it is undesitood however to be 
found only in Chinefe Tartary. In the year 1709 Father 
Jartoux, a miffionary at Peking, was fent by the Emperor 
of China to make a map of that country. Whilfl engaged in 
this bufinefs he fell in with an army of Tartars who were em- 
ployed in collecting this highly valued root for the emperor; 
which gave him an opportunity of defcribing and making a 
drawing of the plant, and tranfmitting the fame to Paris, in a 
letter to the procurator-general of the millions of India and 
China; a tranflation of which was publifhed in the 28th vol. 
oFthe Philofophical Tranfactions. 

Jartoux fays that the Ginfeng is found between the thirty- 
ninth and forty-feventh degree north latitude, where there is 
a long traft of mountains covered with wood. It grows on 
tf>e declivities of the mountains, on the banks of the torrents, 

and 



and about the roots of trees ; but not in the vallies, nor in 
open iituations. It is remarkable, that this miflionary (hould 
gueis from the fimilarity of the countries, that the fame 
plant might probably be found in Canada. The Jefuit's 
fufpicion excited Lafiteau, a miflionary in that country, to 
make fearch for it ; and after a time his labour was crowned 
with fuccefs. 

The Iroquois Indians, though acquainted with the plant as 
a remedy among them, do not appear to have had fuch extra- 
vagant ideas of its virtues as- the Chinefe ; but it is i'uffh iently 
remarkable, that they call it G 'are nt-ogucn, a compound word, 
fignifying the lower extremities of a man ; thus having the 
fame fignincation and fome fimilarity of found with Ginfeng : it 
might be adduced as a corroboration of the notion, that part 
of America was originally peopled from the north of Tartary. 

Since this difcovery, large quantities of the root of Panax 
quinquefolia have been collected and lent to China, where it 
has fold at a great price ; but not having undergone the fame 
preparation as that collected in Tartary, it is lefs clteemed by 
the Chinefe. Loureiro even doubts if it be the fame plant; 
but the figure and defcription given by Jartoux, are fuffi- 
cient to afcertain that our plant, a native of the lofty moun- 
tains of North-America from Canada to Virginia, is precifely 
the fame fpccies as what he faw in Chinefe Tartary; and 
confidering the circumftances under which he obtained it, it is 
not at all probable that he could be deceived with refpect to 
the genuine Ginfeng. 

The fcnfible qualities of this root do not promife any 
particular efficacy, according to European ideas ; and this 
prejudice may perhaps occihon us to under-value it. lor 
although it can hardly be doubted but that its virtues are 
highly over rated by the Chinefe, yet it does not feem credible 
that any abfo'utely inert remedy could for ages, and in diftant 
countries, maintain fo high a reputation. The Sium N'mfi 
cultivated in Japan, appears to us to have been miftakenly 
adopted for the true Ginfeng, being fuppofed to have been 
brought from Coraea in Chinefe Tartary. It is found, as 
Kaempfer obferves, to poflefs little or none of the virtues 
afcribed to the imported root ; what he fays of the value 
fet upon the latter, muft be confidered as applicable to the 
Ginfeng ; Ninfi being only another mode of expreliing the 
fame word. Its flowers are very fweet fcented. 

Peter Collinsom received this plant from Penfylvania; 
and it flowered and produced ripe fruit in his garden at Peck- 
ham, in the year 1746. It was from this fource that Catesby's 
figure was drawn. Communicated by Mr. Fraser, who brought 
plants of it from North-America, on his laft return from 
that country. 



N/JJH 




SydTSAnrdrDel. JPuityZ a*rfof. t >G-e t >.-Cr*SoaniJr ev ri.l8t0. JTJ* 



[ *334 ] 
Panax pusilla (*). Lesser Panax. 

CAj/} <?«;/ Order. 

POLYGAMIA DlCECIA. 

Generic Cbaratler. — Fid. N m - 1333. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PANAX pnfilla ; foliis ternis: foliolis fubfeffilibus, pedunculo 

petiolis longiore, radice rotunda. 
PANAX' trifolium ; caule herDaceo, foliis ternis ternatis 

quinatifve : foliolis oblongo-lanceolatis. IVilld. Sp. 

PL v. 4. p. 1124. 
PANAX trifolium; foliis ternis ternatis. Sp. PL 1512. Reich. 

4. p. 362. Mart. Mill. Dill. 
PANAX trifolia ; pufilla, radice fubrotunda, foliis ternis : 

foliolis fubfeffilibus. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 298. Michaux 

FL Bor. Am. 2. p. 256. 
PANAX foliis ternis ternatis, quandoque quinatis, pumila. 

Gron. Vtrg. 35. ed. 2. 163. 
(».) foliolis quinatis baji angufl'atis. 
ARALIA STRUM Ouinquefolii folio minus D 1, Sarrazin. 

Vaill. Sam. 43. 
Plamula marilandica'^ foliis furnmo caule ternis, quorum nnum- 

quodque quinquefariam dividitur, circa margines 

ferratis. Raj. Hift. 3. p. 658. 
ARALIASTRUM foliis ternis tripartitis et quadripartitis. 

Trezv Ebr. t. 6.f. 2. 
(j3.) (rri folia) foliolis ternatis bafi rotund'aiis. 
ARALIASTRUM Fragaria= folio minus. Vaill. Serm. 43. 
NASTURTIUM Anemones fylvaticae foliis, enneaphvllon, 

floribus exiguis. Pluk. Mant. 135. /. 435./. 7- 



Desc. Root a round tuber, having much the appearance of 
a fmall potatoe. Stem ere&, about three inches long, branching 

at 



at the top into three petioles bearing five lanceolate leaflets, 
fawed at the edges, Alining underneath, nearly feffile. Peduncle 
from the bofun of the petioles, erect, longer than thefe and 
equal to the whole leaf. Flowers iri a clofe hemifphericat 
umbel, with a many-leaved involucre the length of the pedicles, 
which are (hort. Catvx fuperior, very obfoletely five-toothed. 
Petals white, five. Stamens five, the length of the petals, 
often wanting. Germen three-cornered, three-cePed. Styles 
three. Stigmas obtufe. We have observed no plant* bearing 
male tlowers on!v, but many of the florets were fema'e in mod 
of the umbels that we examined, and in the one from which 
( ur drawing was taken, all of them; but whether originally fo 
or only from the falling of the framens we are uncertain. 

In variety ((3) of which we have only feen dried fpecimens, 
the l< aflets are fhorter, more oval, and rounded at the bafe, 
? . are well reprelented in Pluke net's figure above quoted, 
it is not improbable that our two varieties may be hereafter 
confidercd as diftinet fpeciesj and for this reafon we have 
thou In it belt to limit the name of trifolia to the latter, to 
which alone it id at all applicable; for although variety (a) 
may occafionally produce Only four or three leaflets, as in 
E'iret's figure, yet this is evidently from abortion; which 
does not appear to be the cafe in (0j. 

There is no ground whatever for Lin nous's fufpicion that 
this plant might be the male of Panax quinquefolia. No two 
fpec.es can be more diltinft. The three diltin6l ftyl'es would 
rather lead to the idea of a different genus : the fruit we have 
never feen. 

Native of Penfylvania, Maryland, New-York, and Vir- 
ginia. Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
MeMrs. Loddig..s and Sons; but we defcribed it from 
fpectmens in Mr. Vkre's garden at Kcnfington-Gore, in 
May 1807. 



M S J335. 




I'uilyrTfiir&rS.'' Guo.CrcfcejU jVev. r l.iBJC. 



[ '335 ] 

FUMARIA FORMOSA. BlUSH FUMITORY. 

JMNhNE » »»^i ft » ft* » < M ♦ 

CA//Jr <7;; t / Order. 

DlADELPHIA HeXANDRIA, 

Generic Chart: tier, 

Cal. 2-phyllus. Csr. ringens. Filamenta duo membranacea, 
fingula antheris tribus. Corydalis Per/con. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

FUMARIA formofii • (bicalcarata) fcapo nudo, racemo com- 
pofito, calcaribus incurvis. Dryander in Hort. 
Kew. vol. ined. 

FUMARIA jormrjfa. Bot. Repof. 393. Bonn Cat. ed. 4. 



This fpecies approaches very near to Fumaria Cncu'/aria, 
No. 1127, ana " is the fame that is there mentioned, as being 
preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, under the name of 
erubefcens. It was difcovered by Mr. Archibald Mknzies 
at Nootka-Sound, and introduced by him into the royal garden 
at Kew, from whence it has moft probably extended to the 
nurferies about town. Has a creeping flefhy root, by which it 
increafes rapidly. Its habit is very fimilar to that of Cucullaria, 
but the/cape is fomewhat longer than the leaves, and is fre- 
quently much more branched. and flexuofe than in the fpeci- 
men from which our drawing was taken. Peduncles grow feveral 
from the fame point, are nearly the length of the cer&lfas, 
which are pendent, and of a bright carnation colour of very 
much the fame form as thofe of Cucuifaria, but the fpurs are 
fhorter and have their ends turned towards each other. The 
filaments adhere (lightly in two bundles, but are eaftlv feparabie 
into fix, inferted below the germen, which is fpindle-fhaped 
and contains feveral fmooth elliptical ovula with a large caruncle 
attached to the bafe of each. A fmall, linear, coloured 
kra.cte is inferted at the bafc of each peduncle. 

Our 



Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden in Brompton ; and we received very fine fpecimens 
from Mr. Knight in the King's-Road, who has obferved 
it to be an excellent detergent, the juice of it rubbed on the 
hands getting out any ftains, much more expedkioufly than 
foap ; but in a fingle trial with the ftain of the outer coat of 
walnuts, we did not find it fucceed. 



J?J3jd 




JVd^EjvrarcLr 2,7. AiAfT dZStt* Ore CrsfotntJIfa I 



:eiO. Aifan/'omJu 



[ i33<5 ] 

Claytonia perfoliata. Perfoliate 
Claytonia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monoxjynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 2-valvis. Cor. 5-petaIa. Stigm. 3-fidum. Cap/. 3-vahis, 
l-locularis, 3-fperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CLAYTONIA perfoliata i foiio caulino fuborbiculari per- 

fohato. 
CLAYTONIA perfoliata. Donns CataL ed. 4. p. 50. Willi. 

Sp. VI. 1. p. 1186.? 
CLAYTONIA cubcnfis. Bonpland in Annates du Muf, d'HiJi. 

Nat. v. 7. p 82. /. 6. Humb. et Bonpl. Plantes 

EquinoxialeSy p. 91. /. 26. 



Desc. Root annual, fibrous. Radical leaves on long foot- 
ftalks rhomboid-ovate. Stems many, erect, fimple, fucculent, 
naked, except the orbicular, perfoliate involucre or cauline 
leaf. Common peduncle generally fimple, fometimes branched, 
jointed, bearing fmall white nodding flowers, upon pedicles 
varying in length, feveral from the fame point at the 
upper part and fewer at the lower, chiefly looking one 
way, without bracles, except a fmall ovate one at the bafe 
of thofe pedicles which grow immediately above the in- 
volucre ; thefe are ufually few. The finwers are white, very 
fmall : petals (lightly emarginate. Capfule roundifh, three- 
valved : valves burfting firft at the apex, afterwards their fides 
fuddenly curl inwards with elaflicity, which difperfes the feed. 
Seeds three, mining, lenticular, notched at the bafe, which 
notch is filled up with a white caruncle projecting beyond the 
feed and terminating in a ftring, by which the feed is attached 

to 



to the bafe of the capfule. This caruncle frequently falls off 
in the dried feed. The whole plant is fucculent, mild, and 
probably eatable, like purflane. 

Profeffor Willdenow probably had the feeds of his plant 
from England ; but his fpecimens muff have been very de- 
fective. His inaccurate defcription has, of courfe, led Mr. 
Bon pl and into an error, inducing him to believe the plant, 
which he calls cubcnfis, was a different fpecies. It is how- 
ever undoubtedly the fame ; and his figure and defcription 
being taken from plants that came up fpontaneoufiy every 
year in the Botanic Garden at Paris, leads to a fufpicion 
that their origin was from the mould that came with ionie 
plants from England, and not, as fuppofed, from feeds gathered 
in Cuba, by Humbolt and Bon plan d. If not, it is rather 
extraordinary that the fame fpecies fhould be native of Nootka- 
Sound and the Ifland of Cuba : a plant too, whole very habit 
declares it more likely to be an inhabitant of the ar&ic than 
of the tropical regions. 

The Clayton i a perforata was difcovered on the north- 
weft coaft of America, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, and 
introduced by him into the Kew Garden, in the year 1796, 
where it has maintained itfelf ever fince, and whence it has 
been communicated to moft of the Botanic Gardens in the 
kingdom. 

Flowers nearly all the fummer; and in a moift foil, not 
too much expofed, will fow itfelf, and the young plants will 
come up in the fpring, requiring no other care than to prevent 
their being choked by more powerful weeds, or cut off by that 
deftructive inftrument the hoe. Our drawing was taken at 
Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, Brompton, the latter end 
of the fummer, when the plants are lefs vigorous than in the 
fpring; at which feafon the fcape is much longer, and appears, 
as it were, jointed, the flowers growing in bunches at each 
joint. The cauline leaves are then for the moft part more 
perfectly connate, and form a nearly orbicular involucrurn, 
through the centre of which the fcape paries. 



J&J33J. 




■ /wsv. 



T u i.hv7. 



C m7 3 

Aloe rigid a. Stiff-leaved Aloe. 
•jHfr ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦+ *-*-*#■ *• &- 4hM* 

C/j/Jr and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. No. 756. 
i 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE rigida ,• (caudex fubnullus vel palmaris, imbricato- 
foliatus ; fiorcs minores, erecli ;) foliis axem multifariam 
ambientibus, oblongo-acuminatis, carinato-cufpidatis, 
brevibus, coriaceo-craffis, atrovirentibus, puiulatim 
corrugatis, recurvato-divaricatis, fupra convoluto- 
concavis, infra convexis ; caule fimplici, nudo ; ra- 
cemo fparfo, rariufculo ; pedicellis corolla triplo.bre- 
vioribu.^ bra£tea fubduplo longioribus ; corolla 
bilabiato-tubulofa, fexftriata, tertiam ufque fexfida ; 
laciniis tribus fuperioribus convergentibus, recurvato- 
ereclis, planioribus, obtufatis ; inferioribus diver- 
gentibus, revoluto-deflexis, canalici-latis ; ftaminibus 
fubdeclinatis, alterne brevioribus, tubum asquantibus ; 
ftylo illis fubduplo breviore ? ftigmate obtufulo, ob- 
folete puberulo. G. 

ALOE rigida. DecandolJe t PL Gr. tab. 62. 

ALOE expanfa. Haworth, Linn. Tranf. 7. 8. n. 8. 

ALOE cyiindracea. (3. rigida. Lam. Dic7. 89. n. 19. 



A greenhoufe plant. Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; 
whence, according to Mr. Haworth, it was introduced into 
our colledions by Mr. Malcolm. Blooms during thefummer 
months. Why Mr. Haworth fhould doubt of its being the 
fame with Decandolle's plant we cannot guefs, fince it 
agrees in every point with the very detailed and minute de- 
scription of that author, and fufficiently with the figure given 
in the fame work. The fpecimen was kindly communicated 
by Mr, Haworth, Q. • 



T&iaaa. 




<.M m £Jw*,&J>tZ. J^g_ iy r. C*r ?,.r S*a, « . Cref**n £ Z>Zs.i 1310- -£Vfc 



C 1338 ] 
Aloe pentagona. Pentagonal Aloe. 

■$}£ , 35J" , sfE~ip ,, ^(! ,, 9|r"5jS'"5[>" ^S"^»">jC' vy J£""5|£"ijs' , 5^' , 7{£-^r7|e' 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 756". 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

ALOE pentagona g (caudex imbricato-foliatus ; flares e minor i- 
bus t ere Hi 1) foliis axem ex deorfum pentagono- 
decuflatim fuperne verfus fpiraliter fparfimque am- 
bientibus, ovato-acuminatis, pulvinato-craflis, brevibus, 
rigidis, carinato-cufpidatis, atrovirentibus, glabris vel 
minutiflime elevato-punQiculatis, margine carinaque 
denticulatis, inferioribus divaricatis, fuperioribus, 
convergentibus, fupremis minoribus pallidioribus 
convolato concavis (nunc fiibtus tubertulis paucis albidis 
param Jalientibus notatis) g caule ramofo ; racemis 
multifloris, fparfis, laxis ; pedicellis corolla 3 — 4plo 
brevioribus, bra&eas aEquantibus ; corolla columnari- 
tubulofa, eaplicata, glabra, in lacinulas iex parabolicas 
regulari-patulas tubo quadruplo breviorcs interiores 
fubanguftiores fubere&iores foluta ; ftaminibus tubo 
ifomctris, fubdeclinatis, alternis brevioribus j ftigmate 
fimplici. G. 

ALOE pentagona. Hawortb, Linn. Tranf. 7. 7. n. 6. 

ALOE fpiralis. /3. pentagona. Hort. Kew. 1. 471. WMd. Sp, 
PI. 2. 191 / (exclufa pajfim var. a.) 



We have been induced to confider the prefent plant as 
fpecifically diftincl; from fpiralis, not fo much by the difference 
in the arrangement and expanfion of the leaves, as by the total 
abfence of the tranfverfe wrinkles, fo remarkable in the corolla 
of the latter, in which there are alfo other minuter diftinftions. 
Eut ftill they may poffibly be mere varieties of each other. 
MiLtER, in his Di&ionary, when fpeaking of fpiralis t fays, 

" there 



" there is a variety of this fort which has been raifed from 
feeds, which is much larger, the leaves thicker, and the floweris 
grow upon taller foot-ftalks ; but this is onlv a feminal variety." 
But whether he had the prefent plant in view, or fome real 
variety of fpiralis, we cannot now determine from fuch loofe 
defcription. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Cultivated in the Kew 
Gardens. We have to thank Mr. Ha worth for the fpecimen. 
G. 



Jy-d r "£J*"*"*<-Z>'>Z- FJan/i/f. .-' 




Ai. Zs TOtKs SfC*+, CnSatn*. 2) -^ */J8>0 



t *339 3 
Anthericum lonciscapum. Glaucous- 
leaved Anthericum. 

C/^/j <z»^ Order, 

Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character.— Fid. No. 3 16*. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms- 

ANTHERICUM Iongifcaptm ; (rhizoma jlcpius mutliceps, 
rarius vel modo brevijjime cuiidrfcens ; fila- 
ment* lanato-barbata ;) foliis plunmis, lub- 
radicalibus,fafciculatim ambiemibus. erefto- 
divergentibus, femitereti-linearibus, cufpi- 
datim attenuatis, craffis, fuccuientis, glau- 
ciflimis, bafin verfns r.onvoluto equitamibus 
membranaque angufta glabra integerrima 
marginatis ; caule (f<epius pluribus atque 
fuccejjivis) illis qtiadrupio altiore, ftricto, 
angulofo ; racemo numcrofo, laxe fpicatrai 
elongato ; bra&eis brevibus, cuipidatis, 
lanato-ciliatis ; pcdicellis corolla duplo vel 
ultra longioribus, defloratis hamato-rc- 
curvis. G. 

ANTHERICUM longifcapum. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 84. 1c. Rar. 
2. tab. 404. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 145. 

(ANTHERICUM qfphode hides. Hort. Kew. 1. 450 ,- (exclufis 
fynonymis) ; nee vera Linn<ei, Milleri, Jac- 
quini, aut fVilldenovii plant a. Herb. Bank/, 
quoad folum fpecimen primarium ex Ihrlo 
regio Kewenji ; alterum enim in eodem folio 
prout eadetn fpecies perptram adjunUum ad 
verum afphodeloides pertinet, vemtque 
Vienna a Jacqnino miffum. 
ANTHERICUM altijfimum. Mill Dicl. ed. 8. n. 8. 
ANTHERICUM acaule, foliis carnofis teretibus fpicis florum 
longtffirais laxis. Mill. DicJ. ed. 7 n. B. 
Icon. fol. 26. tab. 39 (in ipfa hone male 

That 



That the present plant is the afphodeloides of the Hortus 
Kewenfis, is proved by the Englilh name of " glaucous-leaved" 
adopted in that work, as well as by the original fpecimen from 
the Kew Gardens, preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium. That 
the editors of that work have confounded it with the Linnean 
afphodeloides^ is likewife proved by a fpecimen of that fpecies 
tranimitted by Jacouin from Vienna, which they have ar- 
ranged with the prefent fpecies in the above Herbarium under 
the fame name. To Millf.r, by whom they had both been 
cultivated, they were well known, and had been diftinguiibed 
by him under different fpeciftc names, after he had determined 
that they were not varieties for reafons which he details at 
large in his I ones. The leaves of our. plant are exceedingly 
glaucous, which is not the cafe in the other ; they are alfo 
much longer, with the edges quite entire, and not toothletted, 
as in that ; the flower-Hem in this is alio much longer ffome- 
times three feet high) in proportion to the leaves than in ;he 
Linnean afphodeloides ; the raceme is alfo far longer and more 
numeroufly flowered; and the corolla fmaller and paler. 
Throws up fuccefiive flower-items from April and May to 
Auguit and September. The Linnean afphodeloides is figured 
by Jacquin in the Hortus Vindobonenlis. Added to what 
we have laid before, th ere is alfo a_great prima /dd^diffimilitude 
between the two fpecies. The feeds of our plant were received 
by Miller from the Cape of Good Hope, in 1751 ; probably 
the real afphodeloides was loft to the Kew Gardens before the 
publication of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Our fpecimen came from Mr. Haworth. G. 



• ERRATUM. 
No. 1176, I. 6. for *« 734" read " 108 1.* 



JVfSfi 




jydr£abfirv£s£>*2,. 



J\-i.$vT.(i+rti.s jyO-ee. Cre/h*n.t £*e.lj?10 



J?St.r*/<m J ■-"$> 



[ *34o ] 

Tradescantia erecta. Upright 
Spiderwort. 

4-£ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ j j u f H ji $ t $ ^Jt-jft; M IM-^ 

C/tf/} and Or den 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. No, 105. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRADESCANTIA ere8a ; foliis ovatis bafi anguftatis glabris, 
pedunculoterminali nudo bihdoracemofo. 
mild. Sp. PL 2. 17. 

TRADESCANTIA ere&a. Cavan. Ic. 1. 53. tab. 7. 4, Jacq. 
Coll. 4. 114. Ic. Rar. tab. 354, Ul. a 
Redout £ t tab. 239. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 
v, 2. 205. 

T. undulata. Vahl t Acl. Soc. Hifi. Nat. Hafn. 2. P. 2. p* 27. 
tab. 3. 

T. bifida. Roth, Cat ale R. Botan. 1. p. 42. 



An annual plant. Native of Mexico. We are told by 
the Nurferymen, that it fometimes fpring* up from the earth, 
which has been fent to them about the roots of p'ams which 
they have received from Jamaica. Requires to be kept in 
the hot-houfe ; where it attains a variety of heights, and is 
more or lefs branched according to the vigour with which it 
grows. 

The fpecies has been fo repeatedly and fo largely defcribed 
by others, that it were needlefs for us to add any of our own 
obfervations. Blooms in July and Au-ull. Introduced by 
the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, in 1794. G. 



Mfa/i 




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[ J 34i ] 

FOTHERGILLA ALNIJOLlA, VCLT. ot. OBTUSA* 

Blunt-leaved Fothergilla. 

Clafs and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA DlCYNIA. 

Generic Chara&er. 

Col. truncatus, integerrimus, perfrftejns. Cor. o. Gcrmen 
2-fidum. Cspf. 2-locularis, 4-fariam dehifcens. Sent* folrtaria, 
ofl'ea. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 

FOTHERGILLA alnifolia. Linn. SuppL 267. IVilld. Sp. PL 

2. 1225. Ejufdem Arb. 113. Hort. Kew. 2. 

241. Mart. Mill. Ditl. 
FOTHERGILLA Garden* : foliis fubovalibus, fuperne 

crenato-dentatis, fubtus fubcanefceutibus. 

Michaux Flor. Bor, Am. 1. p. 313. 
a,, obtufa ; foliis obovatis fuperne crenulatis / juniofibus fubtus 

fafciculatim puberulis. 
p. acuta ; foliis angujlis acutis fubintegerrimis fubtus albidis. 
FOTHERGILLA Gardeni. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 100. Colled. 1. 

P' 97- 
y. major ; foliis fuperne ferratis obtufiffimis quandoque cum 

acumine : junioribus fubtus tomentofis. (vide N ,n - 1342.) 

$. ferotina ; foliis oblongis acutis fuperne crenato-dentatis fubtus 

viridibus. 



Fothergilla alnifolia is a native of Carolina, where it 
was firft difcovcred by the late Dr. Garden of Ch^rleftown, 
who named it in honour of John Fothercll, M. D, many 
years a celebrated Phyfician in London, and a great patron of 
natural hiftory. He formed an extemive Boranic garden at 
Upton in JEflex, where he accumulated plants from -very 
quarter of the globe, and particularly from North-America, a 

country 



country to which he was ever warmly attached. There appear 
to be ieveral varieties, though perhaps none of them are fuffi- 
ciently marked to form diftinct fpecies. The one here figured is 
alow ihrubj the younger leaves, when minutely examined, have 
afcattered pubelcence, collected in little bunches; in form they 
frequently vary between obovate and wedge-ihaped, and with 
ferratures at the upper part more or lefs deep. 

Flowers in April and May, frequently, but not always, be- 
fore the leaves appear. Quite hardy. Our drawing was made 
at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's, Old Brompton. 

Variety |3 acuta, as figured by Jacquin, has ovate fpikes; 
leaves a little undulated towards the point, but fcarcely 
ferrate. The third variety is the next article. The fourth, 
ferotina, was mown us feveral years ago, by Mr. Whitley, 
who obferved that it never produced its bloffoms till Auguft, 
long after the fhrub was clothed with leaves, which are 
oblong, fmooth, and when frefh, green on both fides, though 
in drying the under fur face grows much paler. 



J?J3fZ. 




t£4 Ai3 r TO<rh;rJ- t C-e.o.tWfc*ntZ> e *.lJ$lC. JTXa,*/b>nJu't^ 



[ 1342 ] 

fothergilla alnifolia, vclt. y. major. 
Broad-leaved Fothergilla. 

» ift fr » ♦ $ ♦♦$♦♦♦$♦$ # 

Clafs and Order, 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Char -after. — Fid, N m - 1341. 

Specific Name, 

FOTHERGILLA alnifolia. Vide N m - 1341. 
y. major; foliis fuperne fcrratis ^obtujijjimis quandaque cum 
acumine: junioribus Jubtus tomcniqfis. 



This is the handfomeft variety we have feen, being con- 
fiderably larger in all its parts, as well as in its foliage. The 
leaves, when older, are more or lefs white underneath ; the 
younger ones are quite tomentofe and a little ferruginous; 
fome of them have a broad obtufe terrnination v and in others 
the terminal tooth projects far forward; the ferraturcs are fome- 
times ver\ large. The fpike of flowers is" larger and longer 
than in l he other varieties. 

Known in fome nurferies by the name o{fpeciofa. Flowers 
in May and June, a month later than obtufa. Drawn at MefTrs, 
Whitlky and Bramjs's, Old-Brompton ; 



j&fs+i 







IU& t,y T 6,**&s J' t 6es>.Cre/'aznlDeulJ$10. JT Am/hmJvn^ 



C *343 ] 

ARCTOTIS GLUTtNOSA. CLAMMY ArCTOTIS. 

Cfo/} <2#</ Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Charatler. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus o. Gj/>w hemifphaericus, im- 
bricatus : fquamis marginalibus membranaceis. 

Specific Charatler. 

ARCTOTIS glutinofa ; fruticofa, foliis cuneatis dentato-pin- 
natifidis glutinofis feffilibus fubdecurrentibus, 
floribus terminalibus folitariis. 



We are not certain tbat this fhrub ought in reality to be 
referred to Arctotis, but it certainly has a near affinity with 
fome of the fpecies, at prefent collected under that genus, 
which feems to have been ufed as a common receptacle for 
many Cape (hrubs, of this family, that will not properly unite, 
and muft at a future time undergo a new arrangement. 

It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, has an up- 
n ght fhrubby item, covered with a greyifh bark, but the 
branches are herbaceous, green, and, as well as the leaves, 
covered with a glutinous, mining fubftance. The leaves are 
alternate, wider at the upper end, and narrowed downwards, 
feflile, and decurrent a fhort di dance along the branch, rather 
deeply indented on the fides : each tooth, of which there are 
about three pair, has an appendix or toothlet at its bafe, fo 
much reflected, as not to be feen on the upper furface. The 
blofl'oms are large and the colour of red lead. 

Communicated by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, who raifcd 
ft from Cape feeds about five years ago. Flowers in April 
and May. Requires the protection of a greenhoufe. Propa- 
gated by cuttings. 



A?J34f. 




jyd~£Jmntrl>m&. HAiy Z* G*rdxrJ?G*e:CT*/h~*&2>e*?*JBfO. JtJSS&m»Ju-!'J» 



[ 1344 ] 

Phlox Carolina. Rough-stemmed 
Lychnidea. 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Fihm. insequalia. Stigma trifidum. 
Cal. prifmaticus. Cap/. 3-locularis, l-fperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PHLOX Carolina; foliis lanceolatis laevibus, caule fcabro, 

corymbis fubfaftfgiatis. Sp. PI. 216. Reich. 1. p. 

432. Willd. 1. />- 841. Marl. Mill. DM. n, 6. 

Hort. Kew. ed. nov. 1. 326. 
LYCHNIDEA caroliniana, floribus quafi umbellatine difpo- 

fitis, foliis lucidis craflis acutis. Mart. Dec. 1. /. 10. 



Desc. Stems ereft, between two and three feet high, rough 
with ftiffj fhort, white hairs, producing a mealy appearance, but 
otherwife nearly invifible to the naked eye. Leaves oppofite, 
lanceolate, fmooth, flefhy, fubconnate, lower ones almoft 
linear: upper pairs more diftant. Peduncles rough, bearing 
feveral flowers crowded together, alternate, forming a rather 
denfe corymb. Calyx fmooth, with a pentagonal bafe : teeth erecl, 
lanceolate, generally reddifh. Corolla faucer-fhaped : tube 
twice the length of the limb, curved, fmooth, ftriate : limb 
divided into five roundifh quite entire fegments. The colour 
of the tube is* violet, of the limb bright purple, flarred in the 
centre, fading violet. Anthers in part exfened. 

We know of no other fpecies that has rough Items and 
peduncles and at the fame time fmooth leaves. According to 
Martin, in his Hiftoria Plantarum Rariorum, it was firft 
introduced by Mr. Cowell, a Nurferyman at Hoxton, before 
the year 1728. It has, however, been probably for fome 
years loft from our gardens. Our drawing and defcription 
were taken from plants imported by Mr. Fraser, Sloane- 
s quare, the laft fpring, from South-Carolina. 



N'°J3f5. 




-Ht&. iy J*. Curfiw Wa/wrth.Jari.ij 811. 



-fSanfcr? . 



C *345 ] 
Aloe Radula. Rasp-leaved Aloe. 

C/rf/ir «#<:/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 756. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE Radula; (ecaudicata ; annofior defpitofim jlolonifera ; 
fores e minoribus, erecli ; ) foliis radicalibus, plurimo 
ordine fafciculato-compa&is, divaricatim divergenti- 
bus, incurvulis recurvulifve, lanceolato-fubulati?, 
plano-convexis, coriaceo-craffis, faturate viridibus, per 
tubercula cretaceo-albicantia, mutica, in prona parte 
groflioralaxius, in fupina minutiora creberrime, radulae 
more afperatis ; caule gracili flexili laxe racemofo ; 
pedicellis corolla ter quater brevioribus, bracleas ae- 
quantibus, corolla fextriato-tubulofa, bafi ttirgidula, 
ufque circa medium fexfida, revoluto bilabiata, labio 
infimo fubdepreffiore ; laciniis divergentibus, lineari- 
oblongis, obtufulis, imarum duabus lateralibus convo- 
luto-anguftatis ; ftaminibus tubum aequantibus, alter- 
nantibus; ftylo germen sequame ; ftigmatibus tribus 
minutis. G. 

ALOE Radula. Jacquin. Hort. Schcenb. 4. tab. 35. 

ALOE attenitata. Hatvorth in Linn. Tranf. 7. n. n. 18. 

ALOE africana margaritifera minor, foliis multo longioribus. 
Boerb. Index. Alt. 2. 130. n. 27. 



This plant feems never to have been diftinSly recorded 
except in the books above quoted ; but has been mod pro- 
bably confounded among the varieties of margaritifera ; from 
which it differs, by flenderer far attenuated /eaves, as well as 
in the flatnefs and roughening or toothing of their inner fur- 
ac e, which refembles that of a file or rafp, and is of a yellowifh 

green 



green colour ; by its corolla not being fubfeffile, as well in 
being flenderer and parted nearly to the middle, with farther 
divergent and fpirally revolute fegments ; the Jtcm is alfo flexile 
and far flenderer, with fewer and more difant flowers. Leaves 
from one and a half to near three inches long, about half an 
inch acrofs at their bafe, gradually attenuated, elongated- 
cufpidate ; the tubercles are fmaller and of a chalky white- 
nefs, without the pearl-like hue of thofe on the leaves of 
margaritifera. Mr, Haworth, to whom we are fo often and fo 
much obliged for his kind communications, has a plant of 
this fpecies, which by its numerous fuckers forms a compact 
hemifphaerical buffi of a foot or more in diameter. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; blooms in the green* 
houfe during the latter months of fummer. G, 



IfflAff. 




C ] 346 ] 

Aloe saponaria (/3.) latifolia. Largest 
common Soap-Aloe. 

-$-$ $• % 4- « % • -*- * #-# WHh* * ## 



C/ t z/J- OJrJ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 756. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE faponaria ; (craffene e longe caudefcens ; fiorcs emajoribus^ 
penduti, cylindracei i) foliis caudicem fummum diver- 
genter ambientibus, imbricaco-confertis, ovato vel 
oblongato-lanceolatis, lamina maculis (qitam in pifta 
triplo-grandioubus) a)bis verticaliter ellipticts in feries 
imperfectas fubtranfverfnn directas compaclis utrinque 
picla, margine fpinis brevibus fubirregulariter dentata ; 
caule fimplici vel ramofo ; racemo umbellatim con- 
tracto ; pedicellis afcendenter divergentibus, corollae 
ifometris, bratiea fufce nervofa bis longioribus; co- 
rolla pendulo-cernua, fubclavato-cylindrica, obfoiete 
trigona, leviter curvata, bafi infra ftri&uram fubglobofe 
extumefcente ; laciniis tres partes ufque inter fe con- 
cretis, inde conniventibus, ore brevi patulis ; antheris 
fubexclufis. G. 

ALOE faponaria. Haworth in Linn. Tranf. 7, 17. «. 35 • 
(exclufa varictatc obfcura). 

(«.) minor ; foliis anguftioribus, lateribus re&ioribus, fub dio 
hepatico-fufcefcentibus; caule fimplici. 

A. faponaria. minor. Haworth. I. c. 

A. umbellaia. Deeandolle. PL Gr. tab. 98 ; (excl. fynon. jam 
fupra No. 1323 ad pi 61am citatis.) 

A. pi ft a, j3. minor; (quoad folum fynonymon Hort. Kew. ; eaenim 
Linncei et Dillcnii pi&am in No. 1323 fpetlant.) 

A. perfoliate t. faponaria. Hort. Kew. 1. 467. 

A. perfoliata. 0. x. Linn. Spec. PL ed. 2. 1. 458. 

A. difiicha. Mill. Die?, ed. 8. n. 5. 

A. mtuulofa : 



A. maculofa : (moucheth) Lam. Encyc. i. 87. n. g. 

A. caulefcens, foliis caulem ampleclentibus, floribus auranti- 

acis. Braal. Hijl. PI. Succ. Dec. 4. 1 1. cum Icon. 
A. africana maculata fpinola major. Dillen. Hort. Eltham. 17. 

tab. 14, fifr 15. 
A. caulefcens, foiiis Ipinofis maculis ab utraque parte albi- 

Cantibus notatis. Comm. Hort. dmft. 2. p. g. tab. 5, 

(fine flore.) Beerb. hid. Alt. 2. 230. n. 19. 
(j3.) latifolia ; foliis latioribus ovato-lanceolaiis faturate viri- 

dibus ; caule ramofo. 
A. faponaria. latifolia. Haw. 1. c. p. 18. 



The caudex feldom rifes above two feet high; Miller 
fays, that " the leaves are of a dark green colour fpotted with 
white, refembling foft-foap ;" which muft account for the 
whimfical fpeciftc name. The bloom appears in Auguft and 
September. Corolla nearly two inches long, of a beautiful 
red-lead colour. Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; although 
it has been carelefsly called by Bradley, " Common fpotted 
American Aloe;" and by others, according to Miller, 
*' Carolina Aloe/' An old inhabitant of our greenhoufes. 
We have to thank Mr. Haworth for the prefent fpecimen. G. 




-Ji*£ if i/" Otr-Aj~. Wal-vo r&t.y/an 1.1811 



[ *347 ] 

Tamus elephantipes. FvEmina. Female Cape 
Bryony, or The Elephant's Foot. 

Clafs and Order. 
Dicecia Hexandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. fexpartitus. Cor. o. 

F^m. Cal. fexpartitus. Cor. o. Stylus trifidus. Bacca 
triloc. infera. Sem. 2. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TAMUS elephantipes ; rhizomate ab humo extante, amplo, . 
hemifphaerico, folido-carnofo (covfiflnitia fere Napij, 
corticefuberofeincraflata,areolatim rimofd; caulefub- 
lignefcente, volubili, axillariter implexeque ramofo; 
foliis alternis, cordatis, fubfucculentis (cucumcrinis), . 
immerfe fubfeptemnerviis, tranfverle venulofis ; pe- 
tiolis lamina brevioribus, bafi ftrumofis ; race m is ad 
petiolorum bafin extraaxillaribus, paucifloris, divari- 
catis, pedicellis unifloris fuperne verfus apprefle 
uni-tribra6teolatis ; genuine nudo, fufiformi-pyra- 
midato, coftato-trigono, faciebus interangularibus 
leviter puftulatis; calyce (corolla miht) infundibuli- 
formi-rotato, quam id bis breviore, firmula, mar- 
cefcente, laciniis linearibus, asqualibus, canaliculars, 
obtufulis, apice inflexulis ; flaminibus (in Fam. ef- 
fetis) imo calyci adnatis ; ftylo laciniis parum bre- 
viore, rotundato-triquetro, triftriato, Iobulis trinis 
ftigmatofis recurvatim divergentibus. G. 

TAMUS elephantipes. L'Heritier. Serf. Angl. 29 ; (tabula licet 
in lihris citata hucufque inedita). Hort. Kew. 3. 401. 
Gmel. Syfl. Nat. 2. 570. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 772. 

Pes elephantis. Vulgo. 

From the uncouth maflive appearance as well as colour of the 
root/lock, our plant has acquired at the Cape of Good Hope 

the 



the appellation of " The Elephant's Foot ;" in other refpe&s, 
it very much refembles the common black Bryony (Tamus 
communis) of our hedges. The ftem, winch is about the 
thick nets of the little finger at the bafe and twining, re- 
quires fupport, by the help of which we have feen it reach the 
height of about eight feet. Found in the neighbourhood of 
Cape Town by Mr. Masson, by whom it was introduced into 
the KeA' Gardens in 1774, where a male plant bloon.ed in 
1783. to which L'Heritier owed his engraving; an engraving 
that has been repeatedly cited, but as yet never publifhed. 
We do not know that the female plant has ever before flowered 
in this country. Both L'Heritier and the editors of the 
Hortus Kewenfis profefs merely to guefs between Tamus 
and Smilax for its genus, not being able to ascertain the 
pofition of the germen from the male flower, the only one 
they had feen. The rootftock in our fpecirnen was a foot in 
diameter ; the older or lower leaves were obtufely or rounded- 
cordate, the new ones acutely fo t all entire and fmooth, of a 
pa[er green beneath ; corolla of a pale rufty yellow colour, 
fcentlel's, and fhorrer than the petioles. The foliage fh rinks to 
half us fize in crying. 

Our drawing wa i made from a plant that flowered late this 
fummer, m Mr. Knight's greenhoufe, King's-Road, which 
had been imported iome years back for Mr. George Hibbert's 
Collection at Clapham. G. 



Nf'i^ft 




lUb.lyf. Gtr&j-. Walv/orTA, 7cmJ.J82l. 



J^fanfo' 



[ 1348 ] 

Hermannia tenuifolia. Fine-leaved 

Hermannia. 

Clafs and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. campanulatus, 5-fidus. Petala 5, fpiraliter cucullata. 
Filamentii lanceolata. Styli 5, in unum approximate Cap/. 
5-locularis polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
HERMANNIA tenuifolia; foliis pinnatifido-linearibus. 



We know of no fpecies of Hermannia with leaves 
fo finely divided as the one of which we now prefent a figure, 
drawn feveral years ago from a plant, at that time we believe 
in poffeffion of the late Mr. Curtis; but which we have never 
met with in any of the collections that we have examined. 
There is a defective fpecimen in the Bankfian Herbarium, 
under the name of decompofita t which appears like it. 

Native of the Cape, requiring a greenhoufe and the fame 
treatment as the reft of the genus. 



M £ J3?$ 




J'vdT'FJvnrd.rZltl. 



Al.iyj:CwJv WaZwrtA Jan.l.ieiJ. 



£fanfom Jo 



[ 1349 ] 

Hermannia flammea. Night-smelling 
Hermannia. 

4 fr ♦ j f i ♦ » ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft 

CAt/j* tfjfctf Order. 

MONADELPHIA PfiNTANDRIA, 

Generic Character. 

CaL carnpanulatus, 5-fidus. Petala 5, fpiraliter cucullata. 
Filam. lanceolata. <57j// 5, in unum approximate Caff. 5- 
locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

HERMANNIA flatnmea ,• foliis cuneiformibus apice truncato- 
dentatis glabris, racemis terminalibus fecundis, 
pedunculis geminatis : altero bifloro. 

HERMANNIA flammea ; foliis cuneiformibus apice truncato r 
denticulatis planis, calycibus patentiffimis. 
Jacq. Hart. Schoenb. 129. 

HERMANNIA flammea. mild. Sp. PI. 3. p. 595. Per/. Syn. 
2. 1. 217. Bot. Rep of. 550. 



Desc. A low fhrub : tranches weak, rough, reddifh brown. 
Leaves wedge-fhaped, truncated and ufually three-toothed ; 
Sometimes, the outer teeth being truncated, the leaf becomes 
obfoletely five-toothed, naked. Stipules two, linear-lanceolate, 
nearly half the length of the leaf. Flowers grow in terminal 
racemes looking one way. Peduncles nodding, two together, 
°ne of which is two-flowered, the other fingle-flowered. Brakes 
three, at the bafe of the peduncles, like the ftipules, and from 
two to four fmaller ones near the flower. Calyx campanulate, 
v ery patent, fcariofe. Corolla of five petals very much twifted, 
externally of a deep orange or flame-colour, internally a very 
P a le yellow : petals remain long firmly twifted together, and 
are fcldom completely expanded. Stamens five ; filaments united. 

Anthers 



Anthers oblong, incumbent. Gertnen five-angled. Styles five, 
united, longer tban the ftamens. 

The flowers are very odoriferous after funfet, but appeared 
to us to be fcemlefs during the day. Jacquin fays they 
fmell like new hay, but does not mention whether by night or 
in the daytime. 

This fhrub flowers in the greenhoufe, during moll of the 
fummer ; was introduced from the Cape by Georgei Hib- 
bert, Efq. at whofe garden at Clapham our drawing was taken 
feveral years ago ; but our description laft fummer at Mr. 
Knight's, Nurferyman, in the King's-Road, Little Chelfea, 
the prefent pofleflbr of Mr. Hibbert's collection. Native of 
the Cape of Good Hope and eafily propagated by cuttings. 



M°J3so. 




JytZ^E <2 wards Z3~l, ±>ub.by S. Curtur WmS**rtk fan*.l*L' 



C *35° ] 

Astragalus sinicus. Umbellated 

Astragalus, 

C/ t 7/} dW Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Charafter. 

Carina obtufa. Legum. biloculare aut fubbilocularc futura 
infcriore introflexa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ASTRAGALUS finicus s caulefcens proftratus, umbellis pc- 
dunculatis, legurainibusprifmaticis triquetris 
ereclis apice tubulatis. Linn. Mant. 103. 
Reich. 3. p. 534. Mill. Philof. Tranf. 1764. 
p. 138. n. 2059. Willd. 3. p. 1292. Thunb. 
Jap. 290. iVr/^ Syn. 2. p. 335. Decand. 
Ajlrag. 97. 

ASTRAGALUS loioides ,* caulefcens glaber ramofus, foliolis 
fubtrijugis ovalibus, pedunculis axillaribus 
folio longioribus capitatis, leguminibus reclis 
triquetris acuminatis. Pa//. Ajlrag. n. 106". 
£#///. £«r. 316. 



Desc. Root annual. Stems decumbent. Leaves on long 
footftalks, odd-pinnate : leaflets four pair, obovate, dillant, 
minutely ciliated and hairy underneath. Stipules two, ovate- 
acuminate, erecl, inferted below the petiole. Peduncles axillary, 
jolitary, nearly equaling the leaf in length. Plozvers in a 
nemifpherical umbel on very fhort nodding pedicles. Calyx 
«ve-toothed : teeth nearly equal, the two upper ones more 
diftant. Corolla papilionaceous: vexilhtm obcordate, reflected 
at the fides, pale purple, ftreaked in the middle : wings white, 
obliquely truncate : keel longer than the wings, broad and of a 

deep 



deep purple colour at the extremity, two-petaled : petals ad- 
hering at the under edge. Filaments diadelphous, one and 
nine, diftin£l at the upper part. Germen very (lender, nar- 
rowed at both ends : Jiyie Tubulate : fligma rounded. The 
leaves have a grateful (cent, fomewhat refembling that of fome. 
freih apples. 

This is the only krown ipecies of Aftragalus with flowers 
growing in an umbel, in the manner of a Coronilla. It is a 
pretty, delicate plant, propagated by feeds only, which fhould 
be raifed on a hot-bed in the fpring and planted in the open 
border the latter end of May or beginning of June. Being a 
native of China and Japan, where, according to Thunberc, 
it abounds by the wayhde, it is probably not very tender. 
It is however with us very rare, occurring neither in Aiton's 
Hortus Kewenfis, nor Donx's Hortus Cantabrigienfis, though 
we have, in our pofleffion, a fpecimen gathered in the latter 
garden, about forty years ago, by Mr. Lyo.vs. 

Communicated feveral years fince by Mr. Loddiges, from 
his garden, at Hackney. 



mi3si. 




.■JT-Ea'-wonir D-i '. 



JUih 



rtfi JenJJMS 



C i35i ] 

TropvEolum peregrinum. Ciliated 
Trop/eolum, or Indian-Cress. 

Oafs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. i-phyllus, calcaratus. Petala 4, inzequalia. Bacc<e 3, 
ficcgE, i-fpermEe. x 

Specific Charctfler and Synonyms. 

TROPyEOLUM peregrinum ; foliis fubpeltatis fubreniformi- 

bus 5 — 7-lobis, petalis minoribus ciliato- 

laceris. 
TROP/EOLUM peregrinum ; foliis fubpeltatis quinque-lobis 

dentatis, petalis ciliato-laceris-. Syjl. Vcg. 

357. Reich. 2. 145. 2. 299. Matt. Mill. 

Dill. 
TROP/EOLUM peregrinum. Willi. 2. 299. Hort. Schsenb* 

98. Bot. Repof 597. 
CARDAMINDUM quinquefolii folio, vulgo Malla. fituilt. 

Peruv. 2. p. 756. /. 42. ? 



Desc. Root annual. Stem rounded, fmootb, climbing. 
leaves on long petioles, which a£t as tendrils, fabpelrate, the 
lootftalk being inferted near the edge, not in the centre as in 
viajus, hollowed at the bafe, five-lobed, lobes rounded, ter- 
minated with a fmall macro : tjie lower leaves are cut into 
•even 'obes, which are again divided. Peduncles folitary, 
a *: tary, one-flowered, equal to the leaf. Calyx pufhed in at 
the bafe, five-cleft; fegments nearly equal, bilabiately ar- 
ranged : upper lip terminated in a funnel-lhaped fpur or 
Sectary, fubulate, and hooked at the end- Corolla pale yellow, 
ri ngent, five-petaled, inferted into the calyx ; two upper petals 

large, 



large, cut into five laciniae, obtufe with a mucro, inferted by 
claws into the middle fegment of the upper lip of the calyx: 
three inferior, fpathular-fhaped, lacerate -ciiiate. Filaments 
eight, inferted into the bafe of the calyx. Anthers four- 
grooved. Gcrmen 3-lobed, three-cornered. Style fhorter than 
filaments. Stigmas tripartite, acute. 

Tafte of the flower more bitter and biting than that of 
Trop/eolum majus. 

In the above defcription we have, with Jacquin, called the 
large petals fuperior, fome authors fpeak of them as the 
inferior, in which cafe the flower muft be confidered as reverfed 
or refupinate. 

As Feu 1 l lee makes no mention of the fmall petals being 
fringed, and they appear entire in his figure, we much doubt 
whether the fpecies defcribed by him be the fame as ours. 

It is a tender annual and a great climber ; has not, that we 
know of, hitherto fucceeded in the open air, but will probably, 
like the Marvel of Peru, become accuftomed to the climate 
after a few generations, if ripe foeds (hall be produced here. 
Mr. Lambert cultivated it in a melon-frame, where it (lowered 
freely, but did not ripen its feeds. Our drawing was taken at 
Mr. Vere's garden. 




M°ZM2. 



C 135* D 
Aloe foliolosa. Small-leaved Aloe, 

#♦♦♦» »♦ »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order, 
{Iexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Qjaracler. 

Inflorefc. feorfim bra&eata. Cal. o. Cor. infera, tubulofo- 
iexfida vel hexapetaloideo-partita in tubum connivens, ore 
fummo regulari patula vel recurvatim bilabiata, carnofula 
nrma, direfta flexave, erefta pendulove-cernua ; laciniis ligu- 
Jatis, exterioribus interiores altcnas ifometras bifve longiores 
imbricantibus. Statn. immediate hypogyna, deflexo -a/Tur- 
gentia, Iongitudine alternantia, tubo sequalia vel exferta. 
■til. tereti -gracilefcentia (in quibufdam Jlatim pofl anth.Jin 
fiexitofe detenfa velutque art'uulofa). A nth. ereQae, oblungae. 
Stylus exfertus vel fubnullus trifulcus. Stigm. {implex, 
v fl 3 minuta replicata. Cap/. ere£ta, membranacea, fcariofa, 
aiveiTimode oblongata, rotunde acuteve trigona, venofa ; 
tnloc., trivalv., valvis medio feptigeris. Seta, numerofa, bi- 
ferialia, fubronindo-complanata alata, angulofave angulis mem- 
branacee extenuatis. G. 

Obs. Plantae perennes fempervirentes flolonifira alterne indivife at 
epetiolate crafiifolia ; rhizoma nunc exititer fujiforme neque ex humo 
emergens, nunc in caudicem pahnotdee arboreum ac Jlolonizanter ramofum 
a J[urgens ; fotia fuccofa, convolute amplexicauh'a, plurifariam difpoftta, 
fnodo bifaria a piano obverfa y rarhts decujfata \ imbricatlm amb entia, modo 
'quitantia, raro dijlantia ; radicatia, vel inferiorum cafu excelfe terminalia, 
nunc axim a fummo ad imum compaEle loricantia ; fquamiformia vel fupra 
*res pedes longa ; pulvlnatim laxata vel hinc glbbofa vel piano-convexe deprejfa ; 
°l> mfra latioribus cufpidatim attenuata, nunc linguiformia rotundn fine ter- 
minal a ; lavia, vel tuber ibus vcrmculis papillifve cartdagineis in parte vel 
totaliter fcabrata aut tantum marginata ; nuda, vel fpinis mollibus innocuis 
Vel durijjimis pungentibus quadantenus aut per tolum muricata, duntaxatve 
aliata; caul is in/erf oliaceus ftmplex vel ramofus, foliolis bracleaformibus 
Va g's perpetuus vel multis fquamatus ; racemus [ut et partiaies) umbellatim 
cr >ntruclus, vel fpicatim pyramidatus, vel diffuft ehngaius ; pcdiccWlfubnuUi 
c ^oll amve a:quantes y umfori, eretli refraBeve collapfi, bradea ipfts longiore 
b foe breviore except:'. A confer mina TritOMA dignfeatur capfula ne- 
Ifaquam cartilaginea nee o-vata, femitiibus marginatis, corolla carnofiore neque 
(fquatis imbricationis rugisj expticata, Jlaminibus declinato-'wflexiSy foliorum 
"yuper habitu haudquaq'uam Jcirpoidee gramineo. G. 

Specific 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE foliolofa ,• (caudex totaliter imbricato -foliatus ; flora 
e minor ibus i erefli, regulares ;) foliis plurifariam am- 
bientibus, fquamiformibus, ovato-acuminatis, tranf- 
verfim latioribus, parum (pro genere) craflis, rigidis, 
glabris (junioribus pcrobjcure denticulatis), fupra patulis, 
caudicem a fummo ad imum fquarrofo-loricantibus ; 
caule fimplici, filiformi^ flexili ; racemo laxo ; pedi- 
cellis corolla duplo brevioribus ; corolla re£ta, cylin- 
dracea rotundatis angulis, ore breviffimo regulari 
patula; ftaminibus inclufis. (7. 

ALOE Joliolofa. tiaworth. Linn, Tranf. 7. 7. n. 3. Hort. Kezv. 
ed. 2. v. 2. 298. 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it has 
been introduced into our gardens, by Mr. Masson, fince the 
publication of the Hortus Kewenfis. The leaves are the 
fmalleft and thinneft of any fpecies known to us, of a dark 
green colour. Nearly allied to fpiralis. Is propagated with 
more difficulty, but blooms more freely than that. May be 
kept in the common greenhoufe. Had never been diftin&ly 
recorded by any author preceding Mr. Haworth, to which 
gentleman we are indebted for the fpecimen. G. 



W13J3. 




J7j'an/b'Tt 



C 1353 ] 

Aloe recurva. Recurved Aloe. 

jfo.jtt. >'*. AA-A »''.. A. jit. >'*. jfe. iicJ^L tk. alt «ls. A »!* >'i. \'» 
*j. jfPTfrTjrTp •,» •>,» v,» <j» *,■» «i» VjT *,t v,» *ji sjt" v,v v,«r »j&"Vj«" 

C7<z/i #;/;/ Order. 
Hexandria MonoGYNIA. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1352. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE recurva ; (ecaudicata ; fiores a minor thus % erecli, bi- 
labiati ;) foliis paucis, radicalibus, plurifariam am- 
bientibus, recurve divaricatis, brevibus, pulvinato- 
craflis, oblongo - attenuatis, piano convexis, rore 
canis, a fupino glabratis lineifque paucis fatura- 
tioribus infcriptis, a prono denfe papillofis, margine 
cartilagineo-ferrulatis ; caule tenui flexili ; racemo 
laxo ; corolla ab imo gibberula attenuato-tubulofa ; 
riclurevolutim difpanfo; ftaminibus tuboaequalibus. G. 

ALOE recurva. Havoorth. Linn. Tratif. 7. 10. n. 17. Hart. 
Kew. ed. 2. v. 2. 300. 

ALOE tricolor. Id. foe. cit. App. 25. n. 2. 

ALOE venofa. Lam. Encyc. 1. 89. n. 16. 

ALOE americana Hyacinth? flore. V/einm. Phyt. t. 71. «. 

ALOE africana humilis foiio nonnihil reflexo, floribus ex 
albo et rubro variegatis. Commeb Pralud. 80. fig. 29. 



A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; from whence it was 
introduced into the Dutch gardens by Governor Vander 
St el, in 1701 ; into the Englifh, more recently, by Mr. 
Masson. The leaves are very apt to turn red, if long ex- 
pofed in the open air. Mr. Haworth, from whom we had 
the fpecimen, tells us that it is very apt to rot ; and that 
rnon ihan ufual care is required to preferve it. 

Our fpecimen is fomewhat Imaller than thofe figured by 
Weinman and Commelin ; thefe were probably older, or 
bad been better cultivated. Seems to us to be intermediate 
between rigida and arachnoides. G. 







Pui.Sy S-G+r&r 



C *354 ] 

Aloe mirabilis. Rough-leaved 
Cushion Aloe. 

# ♦ ■ $ $» ♦ $$$ $ 4t $ fr ♦ fr $.$ 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. — Fid. No. 1352. 

. Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

ALOE mirabilis ; (ecaitdicata • fores e minor thus % erefli, bi- 
lahiati ;) foliis radicalibus, compa&e ambientibus, 
brevibus, pulvinato -incraffatis, tcneris, femi-rhombeo- 
oblongatis ; introrfum, ventricofis declive truncatis 
laevibus lineis faturatioribus verticaiiter infcriptis ; dorfo 
fubcarinato convexis papillofe fcabratis acumine con- 
tinue) ; margine atque carina demiculatis ; caule 
fimplici gracili flexili ; racemo remotius paucifloro ; 
corolla tubulofa angulis rofundatis, ad terdam ufque 
revoluto-bilabiata; laciniis utriufque labii ab invicem 
difcedentibus ; flaminibus tubum asquantibus. G. 

ALOE mirabilis. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 7. 9. n. 13. Hort. 
Kew. ed. 2. v. 2. 300. 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; from whence it was 
brought into our gardens by Mr. Masson in 1790. Seems to 
be intermediate between arachnoides and retufa ; by fome it may 
be fufpefted to be a mere variety of the latter, or a mule of 
the two fpecies. We are indebted to Mr. Haworth for 
the fpecimen. Should be kept in the common greenhoufe ; 
requires no particular care. The foliage is of a darker green 
than that of retufa. G. 



ERRATA 

No. 1346, 1. 8. pro * crajjene e longe" lege " crajfe neclonge" 
No. 1347, pag. alt. 1. 19. for u corolla of a pale rufty yellow colour," rea4 
** corolla from a reddifh white fading to a pale rufty yellow colour." 



X'isss. 




•'d'KEJvrarJo'Lrl 



C *355 1 

Aloe virens. Apple-green-leaved 
Aloe. 

4 »»»»»» $ » » »»» » & »$ + 

C/o/ir #;/^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — /^/. iV5?. 1352. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

ALOE virens ; (fubcaudefcens ; fiores e majori&us, cylindrid % 
rec7t\ cernui ; ) caudice fubnullo vel brevi ; foliisfafci- 
culatim ambientibus, recurvato divaricantibus, ligu- 
lato-attenuatis, plano-convexis, ab acie curvatis, 
tenerioribus, a prona parte albo rariter a fupina 
parciffime ac prominule guttatis, ad oram molliter 
diftanter ac direfte fpinofis ; racemo diftanti, diffufe 
fpicato ; pedicellis afcendentibus, corolla bis brevioribus 
braclea duplo longioribus ; corolla pendula, clavato- 
tubulofa, rotundate trigona, ab ima anguftiore ven- 
tricofo-dilatata, conniventer patula, laciniis ad medium 
fere ufque conferventibus ; ftylo exferto. G. 

ALOE virens. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 7. 17. n. 34. 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Nearly allied to 
humilis. The caitdex is fometimes fcarcely above the level of 
the ground, at others half a foot high, throws out abundance 
°f fuckers, fo as to become bufhy ; leaves of a bright apple- 
green colour 5 about an inch broad at their bafe ; flowers of a 
yellowifh red tint, about an inch and half long. Blooms in 
the autumn. Of eafy culture. 

We never faw this plant in any other collection than that of 
Mr. Haworth, where our drawing was taken. Moft probably 
introduced fince the publication of the Hortus Kewenfis. We 
can find no traces of it in any book known to us. Can hardly 
have been confounded with the varieties of humilis ? G. 



Jffasf. 




WniwcrtA J^e-i. 1.2811. 



C 1356 ] 

Hibiscus surattensis. Prickly-stalked 

Hibiscus. 

C7^/> ii«i Order, 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA* 

Generic Char after, 

CaJ, duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 5. Cap/. 5- 
locularis, polyfperraa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HIBISCUS furattenfis ; recurvato-aculeatus, foliis quinque- 
lobis, calycibus exterioribus appendiculeatis fti- 
pulis femicordatis, floribus pedunculatis. Sp. PL 
979 $yft' Vegtt* 630. Burnt, Ind. 152. Reich 3. 
p. 363." Wiltd. 3. 824. Mart. Mid. Di&. n. 27. 
Loureiro Cochin. 420 ? hjort. Keiv 2. />. 457. 

HIBISCUS aculeis recurvis, foliis digitals, Calycibus appen- 
diculatis. Cav. Dtff 3. p. 149. /. 53. /. 1. 

KETMIA indica fpinulofa profunde laciniata, Acetofse fapore* 
Burm. Zeyl 135. 

Herba crinalium vulgaris 1. fylveftris. Rumph, Ami. 4.^.41. 
t, 16. 



The variety j3 of Linn^us, Narinam-pouilli of the Hortus 
Malabaricus, is probably a diftinct fpecies. Perhaps Lou- 
Re iro's plant, which differs from ours in being a fhrub of 
the growth of fix feet or more, and in having flowers faffron- 
coloured within and very red without, alfo belongs to that, or 
J s different from both. 

Rumf alfo aefcribes two fpecies or varieties of his Hsrba 
crinalium t the domejhca and fylveftris. To the former he 
afcribes a perennial root, and fpeaks of it as forming a large 
wide-fpreading fhrub, with extremely tough braqches, but 
green and not ligneous. The latter he fays is herbaceous, 

with 



with weak trailing flems, unable to fupport themfelves without 
the affiftauce of feme neighbouring bufh. The flowers of 
both are fimilar to thofe of our plant, which exaftly corre- 
fponds with his defcription of the latter. Some of the leaves 
are three-lobed, others five-lobed. The leaves of all thefe 
plants are gratefully acid, and, on that account, are ufed as 
culinary herbs. 

Native of the Eaft-Indies, cultivated by Philip Miller, 
in 1768. It is a tender annual, and muft be raifed in a hot- 
bed or Hove. Flowers in July ; rarely ripens its feeds with 
us. Is very beautiful, though without fcent, and its flowers 
are expanded but a few hours, and that in fine weather only. 
Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



M°J35J- 




tfy&'&tkm&Jitl . 



-fLi.iv if. Cur&s Wal*rcrfr<FeZ IJSll- 



C ^57 ] 

DlOSMA PULCHELLA. BLUNT-LEAVED 
DlOSMA. 

»♦♦*♦*»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cor. 5-petaIa. Neclaria 5 fupra germen. Cap/. 3 f. 5, coalitae. 
Semina calyptrata. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

DlOSMA pulchella ,- foliis ovatis obtufis glandulofo-crenatis, 

floribus geminis axillaribus. Sx/1. Veg. 239. 
DlOSMA pulchella; foliis ovatis glandulofo-crenatis glabris, 

floribus axillaribus geminis. Tbunb. Prod. 43. 

Willi. 1. 1140. 
HARTOGIA pulchella. Berg. Cap. 69. Sxft. Nat. p. 625. 
SPIRAEA capenfis fpicata ferpyiii folio margine quafi per- 

forato. Raj. App. 249. n. 67. 



Linnius, in the twelfth edition of the vegetable kingdom 
in his Syftema Naturae, had adopted the divifion of the genus 
Diofma, propofed dvBergius; feparating fuch as had the 
male and female flowers diftinft and only three capfules, under 
the name of Hartogia : and this fpecies, though it agreed in 
the latter refpecT: only, was united with the new genus. But 
Li n n.£ u s foon found that in this polymorphous genus, there 
were no characters thendifcovered, fufficiently ftable to ground 
a diftin&ion upon ; and in the thirteenth edition of the 
Syftema Vegetabilium he again reduced the whole under 
Diofma. 

Diosma pulchella is a very beautiful little fhrub, producing 
its lively flowers in great profufion throughout moft of the 
fummer. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, requiring only 
to be protected from froft. Introduced into the Kew Garden 
D y Mr. Francis Masson, in 1787. Our drawing was made 
at the moft extenfive collection of Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 
Hammerfmith. 



Nfjase. 




H&.&o-J Curtur Whl:wr?hFe.b.l.li 



C 1358 ] 

JUSTICIA NERVOSA. BlUE-FLOWERED 
JUSTICIA. 

Cla/s and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal, (implex vel duplex. Cor. irregularis vel fubregularis. 
Cap/. 2-valvis, 2-locularis : diffepimentum valvis contrarium : 
retinaculis feminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

JUSTICIA nervo/a ; (calyce duplici t antheris parallelis) fpicis 
axillaribus terminalibufque imbricatis, brafteis ob- 
longis venofis foliifque ovatis acuminatis. VahL 
Enum. 1. p. 164. Hort. Kew. fed. 2.) 1. p. 42. 

JUSTICIA pulchella; (calyce duplice) corollis fubaequalibus : 
laciniis oblongo-femiorbiculatis planis, foliis el- 
liptico-ovatis acutis glabris rugofis obfolete den- 
tatis, filamentis compreffis bafi tortis. (Ker) 
Recen/. Plant. Repof. p. 41. 

JUSTICIA pulchella. Roxb. Corom. 2. p. 41. /. 177. 

ER ANTHEM UM pulchellum. Bot. Repof, 88. Donn Hort, 
Cant. ed. 4. p. 4. 

RUELLIA varians. Ventenat Celf. 46. 



The late Profeflbr Vahl, in his Enumeratio Plantarum, 
in which he has recorded no fewer than one hundred and fixty- 
feven fpecies of Jufticia, has arranged this under his 5th feftion, 
containing thofe that have a fingle calyx, and a nearly equal 
corolla. It feems however more properly to belong to his 
firft feftion, thofe with a double calyx and parallel anthers. 
*VVe have uniformly found, within the large brafte, a glume- 
like two-valved outer calyx, clofely embracing the tube of 

the 



the inner or true calyx, as mentioned by Mr. Ker, in the 

fynonym above quoted. In other refpects, Vahl's description 
agrees with oui own obfervations. 

Perhaps the outer calyx in this and in every other Justicia, 
where it occurs, may be more properly considered as two 
{mailer biattes. 1 he ftruclure is exactly the fame in Cros- 
sandra unduU folia of Salisbury, except that m the latter 
the two inferior bra£tes are equal in length to the exterior. 
Indeed thefe two plants appear to us to have fo near an affinity, 
as to throw great difficulty in the way of eftablifhing Cros- 
sandra as a diftinft genus; for the mere circumltance of 
two or four anthers does not feem fufficient to form a generic 
diftin&ion, and on this account Ruellia is not eafily feparable 
from Jufticia. 

As the fpecific name of pukhcUa was applied not only by the 
author of lhe Botamft's Repository, but by his reviewer, who 
reduced it to the genus Jusncr\, prior to Vahl's publica- 
tion, and had been fiuce adopted by Dr. Roxburgh, we 
think it mould have been retained by the author of the 
Hortus Kewenfis. But as the latter work will probablv be 
confidered as the ftandard for names of plants cultivated in 
this country, we give up our own opinion, rather than run the 
rifk of adding to the confufion of the nomenclature. 

Native of marfhy places on the coaft of Coromandel. 
Requires a bark ftove, where it flowers very nearly the whole 
of the year. Introduced into Kew Gardens, by Mr. Petes^ 
Good, in the year 1796. Propagated by cuttings. 



jv/iMp. 




l*mraLrZ)*l 



.TUbby-d: <W^- WaJvrprff, Te.}. 1.2811. 



J^ifan/trmi-fc- 



[ 1359 ] 

Nymph^ea nitida. Cup-flowered 
Water-Lily. 

Clafs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Charafter, 

Cat, 4 — 5-phyllus. Petala plurima germini fub ftaminibus 
inferta. Stigma radiatum, feffile, medio neclariferum. Bacca 
fupera, multilocularis, polyfperma. Smith. 

Specific Characler. 

NYMPH^EA nitida; foliis fuborbiculatis integerrimis ; lobis 
obtufiflimis: venisutrinqae exaratis, rhizomate 
perpendicular!, petalis obtufis calycem tetra- 
phyllum aequamibus. 



That this fpecies, which is very nearly related to Nym- 
ph^a odorata (vid. No. 819) is really diftinct, we are per- 
fuaded by the obfervations of Mr. Anderson, Gardener to 
James Vere, Efq. of Kenfington Gore. This intelligent 
cultivator finds that the roots afford the moft difcriminative 
characters in this genus, and at once point out a real difference 
between thefe two nearly allied fpecies. In nitida the root- 
ftock is perpendicular and does not feem ever to acquire any 
confiderable length, whereas in odorata, this part extends ho- 
rizontally along the mud, in the fame manner as in alba. 
Nymph/ea nitida feems to require the conftant heat of a ftove 
or hot-bed to preferve it alive, whilil odorata is now found to 
be quite hardy. We have not been able to learn of what 
country nitida is a native, but from the above circumftance 
it probably belongs to a tropical clime. The flowers are 
without fcent. We are not yet fatisfied whether the finking 
of the veins below the furface of the leaf, which in this inftance 
was the cafe on both fides, be a conftant and permanent cha- 
racter, or variable according to the age of the leaf or from 
other accidental circumftances. Is propagated by offsets. 
Bloiioms in Auguft. Drawn at Mr. Vere's garden in Auguft, 



tymo. 




JyJ^rfwardrDet f^i $y SOtrfis* WatrorHi^ifarJ.lS/J . 



jrjatt/i" 



[ 136° ] 

ALOE MARGARITIFERA (y); MINIMA. LEAST 

Pearl-Aloe. 
* jt M » ♦ J * ♦ f ♦ i j i it 

C/<t/} <7«i Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char a tier. — Vid. No. 1352. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

ALOE margaritifera ; (ecaudicata ; flores e minor ibus t erecli, 
bilabiati ;) foliis plurimis, radicalibus, aggregatim 
ambientibus, varie patentibus, rigidis, pulvinato- 
craffis, fubulato-lanceolatis, gibbis, bullulis cartila- 
gineis margaritaceo - candicantibus undique afperfis, 
carinato-cufpidatis ; caule firmulo, ramofo ; racemo 
erefto laxius multifloro ; bra&eis ovato-acutis, fub- 
undulatis, brevibus ; pedicellis corolla quinquies brc- 
vioribus fubnullifve ; corolla ereclo - divergente, e 
deorfum ventricofiore tubulofe coarclata, fexftriata, 
ad quartam circiter bilabiato-foluta ; laciniis fuperi- 
oribus ereclioribus explicatioribus imbricato-conver- 
gentibus media lat'orc, infimarum lateralibus convoluto- 
anguftatis recurvato-varicatis ; ftaminibus tubo inclufis; 
ftylo craflo brevi, apiculo ftigmatofo trilobulato- 
depreflo. G. 

ALOE margaritifera. Hort. Kew. 1. 468. Gartn.Sem. 1.67. 
/. 1 7. f. 5. Mart. Mill. Dicl. Hazvor/b Linn. Tranf. 
7.11/n. 19. Dec and PL Gr.fol.tf. Willd. Sp. PL 
2. 188. Supra No. 815. Hort. Ktw. ed. 2. v. 2. 301. 

ALOE pumila. Tbunb. Dig. n. 8. Prod. 61. 

ALOE pumila. margaritifera. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. t. 460. 

A. foliis ovato-fubulatis acuminatis tuberculis cartiiagineis, 
undique alperfis. Mill. Dicl. ed. 7. n. 14. 

(«.) major. 

A. africana folio in fummitate triangulari margaritifera flore 
funvir^di.. Comm. Hort. Amji. 2. 19. tab. 10. 

A. africana marg \ntifera foliis uadique verrucis numerofiffirn.s. 
Bradl. Sitcc. 3. p. l. /. 21. 

(j3.) minor. 



(j3.) minor. Supra No. 815. Decand. I. c. cum tab. 

A. africana margaritifera minor. Comm. Hort. 2. 21. t. 11. 

DHL Hort. Elth. 19. /. 16. /. 17. 
(y.) minima. Supra No. 1360. 
A. africana margaritifera minima. DHL Hort. Elth. 20. t. 16. 

/. 18. Com. Pr<el. p. 43. 



We refer to No. 815 for a general account of the fpecies. 
To this we have nothing to add, but that for media, minor fhould 
be fubftituted as the fubfpecific diftinQion, and in the laft 
line but one of the fecond page for " fmalleft" K fecond" is to 
be read. We had theprefent fpecimen from Mr. Ha worth's 
collection. G. 



M°13<fl. 








C 13G1 3 

Aloe Arachnoides (/3.) pumila. Dark- 
leaved Spider-Aloe. 

■$■ jjHjt sM» # sNhJi JhJhMe ♦ ♦ fr > 

£/«//> and Order. 
Hexandria Monouyma. 

Generic Character, — Vid. No. 1352. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE arachnoides. Vid.fupra No. 1314. 

(«.) major communis s foiiis margine dorfo atque cufpide mem- 
branaceo cchinatis. G. Vide Jupra No. j^6 t ubi fymnyma 
ipfuis varie Litis propria ; quibus addas. Hort. Kew* ed. 2. 2. 

((3.) pumila; ctefpitofim ftolonifera, minor; foiiis atrovirend- 
bus, herbaceo-fpinulofe dentads, dorfo papilhilofis. G. 

A. arachnoides ; pumila. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 301. IVilld.Sp. 
PL 2. 188. 

A. pumila. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 7. 10. 

A. atrovirens. Dec and. PL Gr. tab. 51. 

A. pumila. 1. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 460. 

A. herbacea. Mill. Dtft. ed. 8. n. 18. 

A. africana minima atroviridis, fpinis herbaceis numerofis 
ornata. Boerh. tni. Alt. 2. 131. Mill. Diet. ed. 7. a. 18. 

(y.) reticulata j foiiis obefioribus, obtufiufculis, paiiidis, venis 
tranflucentibus reticulatim infignitis, glabris, margine a?que 
carina rotundatis obfoleteque denticulatis. G. Vid.fupra 
No. 1314. 

A. reticulata. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 229. 

{$.) travjheens : foiiis dilutiffime virentibus pellucidis, margine 
atquc carina dentads, cufpide non echinata; fcapo fquamis 
crebrioribus. G. 

A. tranjlucens. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 300. Hazvor/h. Limn. Trauf. 
7. 10. 8.15. 

A. pumilio. J acq. Hort. Schoenb. v. 4. tab. 34. 



We have here enumerated four plants, by many confidered 
aw diftinft fpecies, for varieties of" each other. We do not 

mean 



mean to be pofitive of their being fo, fi nee we do not know 
for certain that they have fprung from the feed of one ftock ; 
but merely to (hew that they feem to us to differ, only by fuch 
modes as are analogous to the modes, by which we have ob- 
ferved indifputable varieties to differ the one from the other 
elfewhere. For thofe who think differently from us, we have 
attached, by way of fubfpecific diftinclions, the fpecific names 
given to them by others, to be retained at difcretion. The prefent 
plant has been recorded as a variety of a, in both editions of 
the Hortus Kewenfis ; although «?, Mill lefs diftinft, has been 
fpecifically fepaiated as well as y ; which laft however differs the 
molt of the two. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. We 
are obliged to Mr. Haworth for the prefent fpecimen. G. 



\:*J36'2. 




[ i3 62 ] 

Aloe mitr^.formis(/3.) brevifolia. Least 
Mitre-Aloe. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char a tier. — Fid. No. 1352. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

ALOE mitraformis ; (caudcx annofior fuborgyatis t defuperne 
humotcnus defoliates ; fores e majoribus, pendulo-eernui, 
reb~li ; ) foliis fparfe ambientibus, fucculento-fragilibus, 
ovato-acuminatis concaviufculis, fubtus fubcarinato- 
convexis furfum incurvulis (forma fere depreffo-navi- 
cularij dentibus cartilagineis brevibus diftantius mar- 
ginatis, a prono fsepius acumina nonnulla vaga exferen- 
tibus, fummis confertioribus fubcapitato-conniventibus, 
inferioribus fentim difiantioribus ; fcapo fimpiici vel 
corymbofo ramofo ; racemo crebro multifloro oblato- 
cylindrico vel umbellato-contrafto retrorfum imbri- 
cato ; pedicellis divaricantibus corolla fubifometris 
braftea bis terve longioribus ; corolla re&o-tubulofa, 
fexpartito-foluta, rotundato-trigona, ore brevi regulari 
patula; antberis akernis fubemicantibus. G. 

ALOE mitr<eformis. a. Fid. fiipra No. 1270, ubi fynonyma 
videnda ei propria. 

ALOE mitraformis. (3. brevifolia ; foliis ovatis brevibus dif- 
tantibus fubtus tuberculatis. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 2. 
294 ; (ad u. reduela figura ex Decandolleo ibi minus 
rctte ad j3. allegata.) 

A. brevifolia. Haworlb. Linn. Tranf. 7. 23. «. 51. 

A. mitrteformis ; angultior. ( Le petit mitre.) Lamarck. En eye, 
1. 87. 

A. prrfoliata. ?r. brevifolia. Hort. Kew. 467. 

Obs. Aloe brevifolia. Decand. PI. Gr. 81, omrtinc alia ac diver- 
fflinia fpecits. G. 

We 



We do not find the prefent plant diftinctly noticed in any 
work prior to the firft edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. We 
cannot agree with Mr. H aworth in confidering it as a different 
fpeciesfrom the larger plant already given in No. 1 270. Native 
of the Cape of Good Hope. We have feen it with a ftem 
more than three feet high. Our drawing was taken from a 
plant that flowered at Mr. Loddiges's Nurfery, Hackney. G. 



ERRATUM. 
No « *353» !• »8. for f Id" read " Hanuorth" 



ATjafc. 




-J)e2. 



ASJyS.eUrX* WaJmrZZ.i4tvrJ.ttU. 



C 1363 ] 

Strumaria crispa. Glittering-flowered 
Strumaria. 

C/<z/j a»<i Order, 
Hexandria Monogykia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Spatha conduplicato-bivalvis, generalis. CaL o. Cor, fupcra, 
erefta nutanfve, regularis, fubaequalis, hexapetalo partita vcl 
raro bafi in tubulum breviffimum connexa, turbinato-campa- 
nulata vel rotata laciniis elliptico lanceoiatis. Slaw, incraflato 
corollae fundulo defixa, breviora vel exferta, credo divergentia, 
alterna parum muhumve longioia. til. tereti gracilefcentia, 
libera vel deorfum monadelphice vel nunc akerne et cum 
ftylo gynandrice connata. Anth. fubovato-oblongae, erectse, 
extrorfae, fiiamentis aliquoties breviores. Stylus fufiformi-aci- 
cularis, ftri&iflime direftus, fulcato-alatove triqueter, fupra 
bafin varie protuberans, ftaminibus aequalis duplove brevior. 
Stig. 3, lobuliformia attenuata, replicata aut in cufpidem con- 
junct. Capf. membranacea, rotundo-turbinata, tritorofa, 3- 
loc, 3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris. Sem. biferialia, globofa, 
in loculamento pauca vel modo unicum bulbiliofo-laxatum 
albumine herbaceo-emollito. G. 

Obs. Bulbus tunicafus, membranaao-ve/litus ; folia e vagina radical*) 

duo-plura, fliformia lorato-obhnga, crajjiufcula, a plan? bifariam 

oppc/ita, nunc /capo tardiora ; umbella a parca laxa ad congejle mulfira- 
diatam, fpatham tranfeuns, bra£tearum ramentis fwpe intcrjUncla. Modo 
accedunt ffrumae 3 inter Jlylum et ftamina cum eo non cancreta tnatce. In 
bulbifpermis pericarpium tenuius ac a nimio pramaturoque foetus increment*? 
irregulariter rumpendum. A LeucojO dignofcatur fpjtha neutiquam fol- 
liculofa a latere dehifcente, antherifque filament aliquoties breviiribus 
apice nee demijfo neque hiante. In hoc genere definiendoy Jiyli Jlrumofo 
auclu duntaxat nifus, Jlriclam ejujdem naturam inconfuliius negkxit Jac- 
quinus ; ac inde perperam ftellarem et crifpam Amaryllidi bus per- 
mijeuit. Difcrepat HjEMAitTHofpatha haudquaquam pa rivalvi capjula- 
que baud baccata, G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
STRUMARIA crifpa ,• foliis binis, angufte linearibus, cana- 
liculars, divaricantibus, utrifque (vel tantum 
altera) fcapum poftvenientibus tandemque fu- 
perantibus; umbeila laxe pauciflora ; pedi- 
cellis craffiufculis, ftri&is, fpatbam duplo 
tranfeuntibus,giandulofepun£Hculatis; corolla 
iis bis terve breviore quam germen vero toties 

longiore > 



Jongiore, nutantc, gemmulofo-micante, tur- 
binato-rotata, recurvula ; laciniis fubungui-. 
culato-lanceolatis utrinque inflexo crifpatis; 
iilamentis fubaequalibus liberis, corolia duplo 
brevioribus ; antheris ovatis; itylo ftaminibus 
bis breviore, prifmatico-fufiformi, trifuico ; 
ftigmatibus attenuato-linearibus, replicatim vel 
necquicquam difcedentibus. G. 
AMARYLLIS crifpa. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 37. tab. 72. 
IVtlld. Sp. PL 2.61. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 2. 229. 

Bulb about the fize of a walnut, outward membrane brown ; 
leaves attaining at leaft fix inches in length, one fome- 
times preceding the other and appearing nearly at the fame 
time with the/cape, which is about four inches high ; pedicles 
dark green, rounded triquetral, about an inch and half long; 
corolla about nine lines in diameter, white fuffufed with role- 
colour, tranfparent when viewed againft the light; is a very 
beautiful objecl through a magnifying glafs ; germen fhining, 
brownifh ; anthers brown, pollen yellow. Native of the Cape 
of Good Hope, from whence it was imported by Mr. Masson, 
in 1790. Requires to be kept in a greenhoufe ; blooms in 
November ; has no fcent that we could perceive. We have to 
thank Mr. Cuff, of Curzon-Street, for the very liberal com- 
munication of the fpecimen, as well as for much kind afiiftance 
to the prefent work. G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 

fpiralis. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 213. Carpolyza. Parad. Lond. 

t. 63. Crinum. Bot.Rcpof. t. 92. HiEMANTHUs. Hort. 

Kew. 1. 405. Thunb. Prod. 58. IVtlld. Sp. PI. 2. 28. 

Crinum tenellum. Jacq. Coll. Sitppl. 43. ic. rar. 2. /. 363. 

rubella. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 212. Jacq. I. c. 46. /. 358. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2.31. 
ftellaris. nobis. Amaryllis. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. 2. 229. Jacq. 

Hort. Schoenb. 1. /. 71. IVilld. L c. 61. 
crifpa. nobis fupra No. 1363. Amaryllis. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. 

/. c. Jacq. L c. 72. Willd. I. c. 
undulata. Jacq. Coll. SnppL 50. ic. rar. i. 360. Willd. L c. 32. 
linguaefolia. Jacq. I. c. 45. t. 356. Willd. I. c. 
truncata. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 212. Jacq. I. c. 47. /• 357. 

Willd. I. c. 
anguftifolia. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. /. c. Jacq. I. c. 48. /. 359- 

Willd. I. c. 

filifolia. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 213. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. p. 14* 

Willd. Sp. PL 2. 213. Leucoj um y?rHj«<3/«w. Hort. 

Kew. 1. 407. /. 5. Jac. Coll. 3. 222. Ic. rar. 2. 361, 

in ipfa icone nee vera in textus fagina. Thunb. Prod. 

5 8 - 



M°13#+. 




fvd? , £<i~«rdrZ)el 



[ 1364 ] 

NYMPHiEA RUBRA (,6) ROSEA, ROSE- 

colocred Water-Lily. 

C/tf/} <w/ Order. 

PeNTANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler* 

Cal. 4 — 5-phylIus. /W<z/tf plurima germini fub ftaminibus 
inferta. Bacca iupera, multilocularis, poly/perma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NYMPHIEA rubra; foliis peltatis dentatis fubtus pubefcenti- 

bus immaculatifque. Vide fapra No. 1280. 
m. fioribus fatur atijjhne rubris, foliis obfuris. 
0. (rofea) fioribus rofeis y foliis fuperne virentibus maculatis. 



While we record this beautiful plant as a variety of Nym- 
ph*a rubra, we have to obferve that it may perhaps be a 
diftinct. fpecies. Mr. Anderson, under whofe care this was 
flowered laft fummer at Mr. Vere's, of Kenfington-Gore, 
where our drawing was made, has preferved ripe feeds, which 
he means to fow, and hopes to be able to determine whether the 
apparent differences be permanent or not. In N. rofea the 
footftalks are longer than in rubra ; the leaves larger, of a 
bright yellowifh green with dark fpots on the upper furface. 
Thefe fpots in rubra are fcarcely vifible, on account of the 
darknefs of the whole. On the exterior or enveloping leaflet 
of the calyx, in the flower bud, there is generally a little in- 
dentation towards the point, which Mr. Anderson has not 
obferved in rubra ; but, as this nearly difappears in weakly- 
flowers, it does not feem to afford any characler. The habit 
of both is exafclly fimilar, and the roots of both bear a tuber, 
much refembling that of the Jerufalem artichoke (Helianthus 
thberofus). 
Native of the Eaft-Indies. Requires the heat of a ftove. 



jlptsAr. 




C 1365 ] 

Lotus australis. New-Holland Lotus. 

Ai*>y ..*if ^ A "if 'if 'if 'If rif. j jf Sk-ifr.. ife y 'f Jt A A Jt 
"jp. v,Vjf ^r^>' ^ «jv <^^^ v^v ^ ^ «p ' *?• ijr^'^Jr Tjr 

C/4/jr and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Legumen cylindricum ftri&um. Ala furfum longitudinaliter 
conniventes. Calyx tubulofus. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

LOTUS aujlralis ; capitulis paucifloris bra&eatis, foliolis 
ftipulifque obovato-cuneatis aequalibus, leguminibus 
cylindricis glaberrimis. 

LOTUS auftralis. Bot. Repof. No. 624. 



Desc. Stem fomewhat woody, reddifh, branched, difFufe, 
flexuofe. Leaves trifoliate, petiolated : leaflets obovate, wedge- 
fhaped, fometimes quite obtufe with a minute mucro, fome- 
times pointed, fmooth above and filky underneath. Stipules 
attached to the bafe of the petiole, fimilar and nearly equal in 
fize to the leaflets, fo as to give the leaves the appearance of 
being quinate. Peduncles axillary, folitary, three times the 
length of the leaf, roughifh, ftraight. Flowers bright rofe- 
coloured, few, 3 — 5, growing in a half umbel or capitulum, 
nodding, with an ere&, feffile, trifoliate leaf or brafte on one 
fide. Calyx fubcampanulate, pubefcent ; teeth 5, bilabiately 
arranged, nearly equal, awl-fhaped, longer than the tube. 
Corolla papilionaceous : Standard orbicular, emarginate, re- 
flexed, whitifh and ftriped at the bafe. Wings fomewhat 
lefs, connivent at the upper fides, embracing the keel. Keel 
narrow, mucronate. Stamens diadelphous, 1 — 9. Germen 
cylindrical : Jlyle filiform, naked. Stigma fimple. Legume 
cylindrical, quite fmooth, twice the length of the calyx. Seeds 
many, globular? 

We 



We believe that this plant was fir ft raifed in this country 
from feed, from New South- Wales, at the Nurfery of MeflW. 
Chandler and Buckingham, (then Napier and Chand. 
les) Vauxhall-Road, from whence we received a flowering 
fpecimen in Auguft 1807. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons, the latter-end of July i8og. It 
is now not uncommon in feveral nurferies about town. 

Among the drawings of New-Holland plants in Sir Joseph 
Banks's library, there is one of a Lotus with red flowers, and 
leahVs and ftipules very narrow and hairy. This was found in 
Thirftv Sound, juft within the tropics, between 22 and 23 
fouth lati.ude, and, though nearly allied, is undoubtedly a 
diftin6l fpecies from the one here figured. 

Propagated by feeds and by cuttings, and requires only 
protection from froft. 



A&3&' 










CCurfa Wa/we>r>A 



C 1366 ] 

Cnicus spinosissimus. Feathery-headed 

Cnicus. 

>V V!* '&■&■&-&•'&■ *V & *iV, ffr, ifr. &. SS*,! >V .*k 

C/^/> #»</ Order. 
Syngenesia ^Equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ventricofus imbricatus, fquamis fpinofis, obvallatus 
bra&eis. Corollula aequales. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CNICUS fpinqjijjimus ; foliis amplexicaulibus finuato-pinnatis 

fpinofis, caule fimplici, floribus feffilibus. Sp. PL 

1157. Mart. Mill. Dtcl. n. 6. 
CNICUS Jpinofijfimus. mild. Sp. PI. 3. p. 1684. 
CARDUUS fptnnfijfimus. Lam. Ency clop. Wood in Cyclopad. 

Perfoon Syn. 2, 390. Villars Dauph. 3. p. tu 
CIRSIUM Jpinofijftmum. Scop. Cam. 2. n. 1006. 
CIRSIUM foliis caulinis femipinnatis, pinnis angulofis fpino- 

fiffimis, terminantibus mollibus, ciliatis, umbellam 

floralem comprehendentibus. Hall. Helv. n. 172. 

t. S . 
CIRSIUM acanthoides, foliorura coma flavefcente, montis 

Carthufiani. Vail I. n. 1718. 
CNICUM alpinum humile fpinofum j flore pallente. Ponted. 

Epijl. ad Sherardum. 
CARDUUS alpinus, fpinofiffimus, polycephalus ; foliis in 

fummitate albicantibus, albo flore. Ant. Tita It. 
CARXJNA polycephalos alba. Bauh. Pin. 380. 



Moft botanifts continue to quote Gmelin's plant (v. 2. 
P« 64. t. 25. J as a fynonym of this, although Haller had 
denied that it was the fame. We have the additional authority 
of our friend, Dr. Smith, who poffeues Gmelin's own 
Specimen, and affures us that it is totally different. 

The 



The genus Cnicus appearing to Lamarck to be founded 
upon too flight characters, he has united it to Carduus, in 
which he has been followed by Per soon in his Synopfis, 
Wood in the New Cyclopaedia; and by Villars. But in fo 
large a genus as Carduus, there is a great convenience in 
the feparation, even though not founded upon the founded 
principles. We therefore retain the i.innean name of Chic us, 
without meaning however to uphold Willdenow in his ac- 
cumulation of heterogeneous fpecies under this name. 

Cultivation, as is ufual in fuch cafes, makes fome change in 
the habit ; in Head of the flowers being crowded together at 
the extremity of a fimple ftem, thev Hand nearly fingie on fhort 
branches, but are each furrounded with beautiful feathery 
yellow iflr- white bracle*. Haller dei'cribes not only the 
florets but the anthers as yellow-white Vfiofculi cum vagina 
ocbrtieui i j ; in our garden fpecimen the latter were blueifh- 
purple, the former as defcribed by Haller. 

Though a native of the herbaceous regions of the Alps of 
fouthern Europe, the plant flourifhes extremely in Kew 
Garden, from whence we were favoured, by Mr. Aiton, with 
the fpecimen from which our drawing was made, in July laft. 
Dr. bMiiH gathered it on little Mount Cenis, in an expedi- 
tion recorded in the third volume of his Tour on the Con- 
tinent, on the 14th of Auguft. " As I look on the fpecimen," 
(he fays in his letter on the fubjecr.) " all jhc charming fcene 
recurs to my memory." Every one muft have occasionally 
witneffed a fimilar feeling. The author has elegantly expa- 
tiated on the fame idea in the fecond volume of his Tour, 
where he remarks that " a plant gathered in a celebrated or 
delightful fpot, is like the hair of a friend, more dear to 
memory than even a portrait ; becaufe it excites the imagina- 
tion, without prefuming to fill it." 



To the Readers of the Botanical Magazine, 



S the Botanical Magazine certainly owes its repu- 
tation, in great meafure, to the excellence of the figures, all 
of which, except feventy-five, have been drawn by Mr. 
Sydenham Edwards, it affords us pleafure in compliance 
with his requeft to publifh the following ftatement, in order to 
rectify feveral errors of the letter-engraver, that occur in the 
early volumes. 

Twenty-four plates have Mr. Sowerby's name affixed, but 
of thefe the following twelve were in reality drawn by Mr. 
Sydenham Edwards, viz. No. 18, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 

34. 35> 3 6 » 3 8 > and 43- 

Of thofe which bear no draughtfman's name, the fifty-five 
following were drawn by Mr. Sowerby (the reft by Mr. 
Edwards) viz. No. i, 4, 10, 11, 17, 28, 42, 44, 47, 49, 50, 

5 1 * 5 2 > 54. 55>, 5 6 > 5 8 > 6l » 67, 7°' 7 2 > 7 6 » 79. 8o » 8 5» 
from 87 to 109 inclufive, 111, 113, 115, 116, 118, 121. 

The laft-mentioned number which occurs in vol iv. and 
Was publilheci in June 1790, is the laft figure drawn bv Mr. 
Sowerby. All pofterior to this (except eight bv 7 Mr. San- 
sum, in the fixth volume, to which his name is affixedy were 
executed by Mr. Sydenham Edwards. 

We are induced to republifh the above ftatement, not only 
to point out with accuracy, by whom each figure has been 
drawn, but likewife becaufe we wifh that the former hand-bill 
upon this fubjecl:, which accompanied No. 1232, in vol. xxx. 
fhould be cancelled altogether. 

t . 

That hand-bill was published in hafte, without reflecting 
that fome expreffions contained in it might be hurtful to the 
feelings of a friend for whom we have ever entertained the 
higheft refpecl and efteem. And Mr. Edwards is himlelf 
convinced that the mifreprefentations there complained of, 
and which are effectually rectified by the above ftatement, did 
not originate in any enmity towards him, but were occafioned 
by an inference, natural enough though contrary to the faft, 
that not only all thofe figures which had Mr. S >werby's 
name affixed to them, were executed by him, but alfo all fuch 
as had no name whatever. 



A/J30/. 




Jfd^gdwmr&nZ/vl. IhyStitf&r Wal+er#u4b>r 11911. 



C 13^7 ] 

Anacampseros filamentosa. Thready 
Anacampseros. 

i ( f 1 1 iHr$ f if # % ♦ ♦ ♦>♦ 

C/tf/i #»</ Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 2-phyllus. Cor. 5-petaIa, fugaciflima. Gz#£ conica, 
i-locularis, 3, feu 6-valvis. &w. alata. 

O b s . Suffrutlces fucculent<z> foliis carnojis gibbis, Jilpulis lanatis, braftcls 
laceris. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ANACAMPSEROS filamentqfa ; foliis globofo-ovatrs utrin- 

que gibbis araneofis, ftipulis ramentaceis 

folio longioribus. 
PORTULACA filamentofa ,• foliis imbricatis expanfis atro- 

viridibus arachnoideis, fuperne rugofis ; 

filamentis axillaribus folio longioribus. 

Haworth Mifceh Nat. p. 142. 
PORTULACA Jlipularis ; foliis ovatis utrinque gibbis ob- 

tufis lana indutis, ftipulis ramentaceis, 

pedunculo paucifloro. Dryand. MSS. 

apud Banks. 



Mr. Haworth, by whom we were favoured with the plants 
from which the prefent and the following article were drawn, 
has given the moft complete account of the genus Portulaca, 
as constituted by Linnaeus, that we have feen any where. It 
is from one of his fections that we have, agreeably to his fug- 
geftion, framed the genus Anacampseros, a name by which 
Linnjeus originally diftinguifhed one of the fpecies, though 
he afterwards united it with Portulaca. This he probably would 
not have done had he known that there were feveral other 

clofely 



clofely allied fpecies, all natives of the fouthern promontory 
of Africa. Loe fling has likewife infilled upon the propriety 
of keeping Anacampferos di Hi net from Portulaca; but he pro- 
bably had in view the American flat-leaved fpecies, which, as 
fuggefted by Haworth, we would retain under Adanson's 
genus Talinum, adopted byJussiEU and Willdenow, 
The Cape fpecies appear to us to be as diftinft from thefe as 
Talinum is from Portulaca. According to Mr. Haworth, 
all the fpecies of Anacampferos have a (lender conical feed- 
veffel of five or fix valves, which would afford a fufficient 
diftinction from the three-valved fpecies of Talinum ; but 
the capfule of the very fpecies on which we are now treating, 
is defcribed by Drvander as three-valved; as is that of 
P. Anacampferos Linn, by other authors. Probably the valves 
in decaying may fplit in the middle, a circumltance not very 
unufual, and which may have impofed upon Mr. Haworth. 
Wc hope hereafter to take an opportunity of examining the 
fru6tification of this genus more carefully. 

This plant was found by the late Mr. Mass on at Carro, 
beyond Hartequas Kloof. Flowers in Auguft and September. 
Requires the fame treatment as the Cape fpecies of Aloe and 
Mefembryanthemurn. 



J&J36t 




\* 




C 13M 1 

Anacampseros. arachnoides. White- 
flowered Anacampseros. 

♦# # ♦ $ $ $ %%$ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

C/4/lr and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic CharaBcr. — Fid, N m - 1367. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonym. 

ANACAMPSEROS arachnoides ; foliis ovatis acuminatis 
fubtus gibbis fupra planiufculis araneofis, 
ftipulis filamentofis folio brevionbus, 
pedunculis elongatis. 

PORTULACA arachnoides; foliis ovatis acuminatis difformi- 
bus viridibus lucidis arachnoideis, ra- 
cemo (implici, pedunculis teretibus 
elongatis. Hawortb Mifc, Nat. p. 142. 



This fpecies has the neareft affinity with Portulaca Ana- 
campferos Linn, but is a much fmaller plant; the leaves, 
efpecially about the lower part, are covered with a kind of 
web, and the woolly ftipules, common to the whole genus, are 
mixed with longer and more robuft threads than in that, 
though fhorter and finer than thofe of A, jilamentofa t in which 
they refemble in degree fine (havings of horn, and are more 
than twice the length of the leaves. The flowers are white 
with a delicate tinge of purple. Mr. Haworth obferves 
too that the feeds are much lels winged than thofe of P. 
Anacampftros. 

This author enumerates five fpecies under the fame fe&ion, 
all of which will be included under the genus Anacampseros; 
but as we have not yet had an opportunity of examining the 
whole, we mail not undertake to determine whether they may 
all be fufficienily diftina, but of the two fpecies here figured 
we think there can be no doubt. 

Flowers at the fame time and requires the fame treatment as 
the preceding fpecies. 



Wiafy 




jyd^djsardsJJeL 



Jhi.iy J!Cu-r?u- ItfaJworZA- ^4pr.l.l81J. 



*/ 



9" 



JTJh 



C 1369 ] 

Aristolochia tomentosa. Downy- 
leaved Birth-wort. 

C/4/j #«</ Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal o. Cor. l-petala, ligulata, bafi ventricofa. Cap/. 6- 
locularis, polyfperma, infera. 

Specific Charatler. 

ARISTOLOCHIA tomentofa s caule volubili frutefcente, 
foliis petiolatis cordatis fubtus tomen- 
tofis, pedunculis folitariis ebra&eatis, 
corollae tubo retorto : limbo fubaequalirer 
trifido : ore hiante. 



We do not know that this very handfome fpecies of Aris- 
tolochia has ever been noticed by any botanical author. 
Perhaps it may have been confounded with A. Sipbo (Bot. Mag. 
No. 534) which it entirely refembles in habit ; this fufpicion is 
ftrengthened by the circumftance of Mich a ux's having omitted 
in his character of A. Sipbo the very remarkable oval bra&es. 
For although thefe, being deciduous, may be fomctimes want- 
ing, yet the mark from whence they have fallen is always vifible 
on the peduncle. In our plant there is no trace of thefe 
bra&es ; the limb of the corolla is more deeply divided than 
in Sipbo ; the form too is different as well as the colour; and 
the mouth quite open, inftead of being contracted as in that. 

Native of North-America. A hardy climbing fhrub. Has 
flourifhed for feveral years on the front of Mefirs. Lee and 
Kennedy's (hop, at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, where our 
drawing was taken. 

Flowers in June. 



C 137° ] 

Erica monadelpha. Monadelphous 

Heath. 

jfc A, A A A A A A A A. A . A. A A A A 

t^S TTjrs^^jsnij'nfn^r'^fr'jpi /^ jy /^r if ^y jft jpr 

C/j/> <2#^ Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Filamenta receptaculo inferta. 
Anthera bifidae. Cap/. 4-locularis : difiepimenta e valvularum 
marginibus. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

ERICA monadelpha (Filamenta corolla longiora : antherae 
muticae) corollae limbi laciniis reflexis coloratis, 
antheris patentibus. 

ERICA Bankfia var. purpurea. Andrews Heaths, vol. 3. 



This beautiful and lingular Heath has a very near affinity 
with Erica Bank/ii, and has not been taken up by Mr. 
Dryander in the new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. It 
appears to us however to be very fufficiently diftinft from that 
fpecies, from which it differs in having the limb of the corolla 
purple, inftead of white ; filaments not the colour of the an- 
thers and more perfectly united into a cylindrical tube ; but 
more efpecially in that its anthers diverge fo as to make a 
radiated termination to the flower, inftead of conniving at the 
points as in E. Bank/ii, This circumftance will make it ne- 
ceflary to add to the fpecific character of the latter antheris 
conniventibus. Unluckily thefe peculiarities militate againft 
the general character of the fubdivifion under which Erica 
Bank/ii is, and of courfe E. monadelpha mufl be, arranged. 

This is not the Erica monadelphia of Andrews and Will- 
denow, which is Erica fur furo/a of Salisbury and the new 
edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. The appellation is however 

much 



much more applicable to this fpecies, and Salisbury's name 
having the right of priority and being adopted in the Hortus 
Kewenfis, where by far the moft complete account of this 
genus will be found, that of monadelpha became vacant. 

Our drawing was taken laft September at the Nurfery of 
Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith, by whom it was 
introduced from the Cape of Good Hope. 



ffi3p 




an/cm- ifo 



IJ81I. 



C 1371 3 

Rhapis Flabelliformis (,<3.) mas. Male 

DWARF GROUND-RATAN. 

CAz/Jr rt»i Order. 

POLYGAMIA DlCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cz/. 3-fidus. Cor. 3-fida. Stam. 6. Piji. 1. 
Masc. Cal. Cor. Stam. ut in Hermaphrodite. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms. 

RHAPIS fl al ell if or mis, frondibus palmatis plicatis : plicis 
marginibufque aculeato denticulatis. Hort. Kew. 3. 
473. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 3. tab. 316. Willi .Sp. 
PI. 4. 1093. 

CHAM^ROPS excel/a. Syji. Veg. Murr. ed. 14. 984. Tbunb. 
Jap. 130. 

(«.) excelfior. Tbunb. 1. c. * 

RHAPIS flabelliformis. Gifeke in Linn. Prcclecl. Ord. Nat. 96 f 

SJURO & SODIO, vulgo et Iiteratis. Palrnae montanas 
malabaricae folio magno complicato acuto Godda 
Panna. Hort. Mai. 3. 1. di&ae affinis ; folio minori 
tTrrxSaxTvXoiie ; hoc ccelo (Japonia nempe) fterilis et 
ob ornatum culta. Kampf. Amcen. Exot. fafc. v. 
898. 

(|3.) humilior. Tbunb. Hort. Kew. Jacq. in he. cit. 

SOO TSIKU, vulgo SJURO TSIKU. Prions fpecies minor, 
foliis in fcaporum extremitate pinnatis arundinaceis. 
Kampf. I. c. 

Obs. Ex incur la aliqua Jijlltur inflarefcentia in tabula nojlra ftatu 
■nondum plene maturato, unde corolla formam dart aliquantulum contratliorem 
coloremque impt^berem viridem pro adulto luteo videmus. G. 



Desc. Stem about a foot and a half high, of the thicknefs 
of the thumb, fheathed by the fphacelate reticulate perfiftent 

bafes 



bafes of the leaves; leaves about 8, petioled, palmate; petioles 
round ancipital, naked, very obfcurely denticulate, lamina 
5 — 7-parted, figments fubplicate, ciliate-fpinulous along the 
edges and keel of the plaits, indented-erofe at the end ; fpadix 
fparfe, paniculate-branched, 4 — 5 inches long, /pikelets thickfet 
with feffile yellowifh flowers ; calyx of one piece, urceolate, 
flefhy, green, fmooth, fcarcely a line in length, trifid, fegments 
roundifh-pointed, upright, with a membranous border ; corolla 
yellow, monopetalous, coriaceo-flefhy, obovate-oblong, tube 
clavate, triquetral, twice the length of the calyx, limb trifid, 
three times fhorter than the tube, fegments ovate acute fub- 
connivent ; filaments 6, filiform-triquetral, fhorter than the 
corolla, adnate to the tube, alternately fomewhat thicker and 
more detached. Native of China and Japan. Introduced into 
our gardens by Mr. Gordon, of Mile-End, in 1774. Blooms 
in Auguft, if kept in the hot-houfe. 

The drawing of the inflorefcence of our fpecimen was taken 
in rather too early a ftage of its growth, fo that the corolla 
appears fomewhat more contracted than in its adult ftate, and 
of a green inltead of the yellow colour it then acquires : (*.) is 
added as a variety, on the bare authority of Thunberg : we 
do not believe this has yet found its way to England ; the Ja- 
panefe are faid to make brooms or brumes from the bark. By 
bark, we mould fufpeft, is meant the bafes of the leaves 
which furround the ftem. 

In the Hortus Kewenfis* a figure from L/Heritier's 
" Stirpes Nov<e" is quoted ; but as that part of his work ftill 
remains unpublifhed, we have omitted the fynonym. We 
had no opportunity of feeing the plant ourfelves, but have 
borrowed our defcription chiefly from the very valuable MS. 
notes of Dr. Solan der, preferved in the library of Sir 
Joseph Banks. We fufpeQ. that the hermaphrodite plant is 
ftill a Ilranger to the European collections. G. 



JplJJi 




■ vardrDel 



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[ *37* ] 

Lachenalia lucida. Glossy-leaved 

Lachenalia. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N' s - 745, 854, 993. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA lucida ; foliis binis divaricatis, fcapo bre- 
vioribus, gla'oris, a fupino lucidis, altero 
fereduplo latiore eliiptico-obiongo ; racemo 
cylindraceo, confertiufculo ; pedicellis flore 
4p]o brevioribus, bra&eas ovato-acuminatas 
fubaequantibus ; corolla ere&o-divergente, 
re^ulari, curtim tubulofo-campanulata, ore 
recurvo-patula, laciniis fubasqualibus; fta- 
mmibus corolla fubextantibus. G. 

LACHENALIA fragrans. Bot. Rep. tab. 302 f Nee Jacquini. 



Desc. Bulb ovate-globofe, whitifh ; leaves gloffy on their 
upper fide, 3 — 4 inches long, broadeft nearly an inch over ; 
Jlevi 4 — 5 inches high ; corolla about 4 lines long, whitifh, with 
a cinnamon-red oblong ftreak on each furface of the upper part 
of all the fegments. Differs from pallida in having the feg- 
ments of the corolla nearly equal in length, from contominata 
(to which if comes the neareft) in the number and form of the 
leaves. The laft-mentioned fpecies was firft taken up in the 
Hortus Kewenfis, the original fpecimen of which is ftill 
preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium ; whence we have 
afcertained it to be the fame with the hyacinthoides of J acquin 
and Wjlldenow ; its defcription in the Hortus Kewenfis is 
incorreel: in feveral points, and has mifled both the laft- 
mentroned authors, in fo far as they have not recognifed the 

identity 



identity of the two plants ; by the Iaft orthopetala has been 
adduced as a fynonym to contamtnata, although a very diftiucl: 
fpecies with a cyathiform corolla nearly three times longer, 
and is the fame with the fpecimen preferved in the Bankiian 
Herbarium, under the name of nftulata. We have little or 
no doubt, but that the anguJlifolta t No. 735 of the prefent 
work, is a mere variety of contaminata differing only in fize, 
and that it mould along with hyacinthoides be arranged under 
that fpecies. 

Our plant is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, from 
whence it was imported by Meffrs. Chandler and Bucking- 
ham, Vauxhall-Road. Blooms in May. We fufpecl it to be 
the fame with thz fragrans of the Botanift's Repofitory ; which 
is at all events a diftinft fpecies from the fragrans of Jacquin 
and Willdenow. G, 




W*l«orif^ ■ 



E San/am J~cutp- 



C *373 3 
Lachenalia unicolor (0.) Plain-leaved 

SELF-COLOURED LACHENALIA. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. — Fid. N iu 745, 854, 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA unicolor; foliis binis lanceolato - ligulatis, 
carinatis, fcapum fubaequantibus, deorfum 
convoluto-conduplicatis ereftiufculis, furfura 
divaricatis ; racemo mukifloro laxo oblon- 
gato ; pedicellis ere&iufculis flore parum 
* brevioribus, braftea longioribus ; corolla 
curto - cylindracea, fubnutanti - horizontal^ 
fundo rotundato - piano ; laciniis extimis 
ultra tertiam partem brevioribus, intimisfupra 
patulis ; ftaminibus porrefto-aflurgentibus, 
fubfafciculatim convergentibus, corolla fub- 
duplo longioribus. G. 

(«.) foliis a fupino puftulis paucis vagis partim notatis. G. 

LACHENALIA unicolor, J acq. Ic Rar. 2. /. 389. Coll. 
Suppl. 61. 

L. purpureo-c<erulea. /3. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 177. (excl.var.x.) 

(0.) foliis abfque omni puftulatione uniformiter viridibus. G. 

L. unicolor. |3. fupra No. 1373. 

(y.) foliis variegatis ; corolla alba. G. 

Li fragrans. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 43. /. 82. Willd. Sp. PI. 
2. 176. 



The prefent plant was imported very lately from the Cape 
of Good Hope, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, in whofe 

magnificent 



magnificent collection it flowered laft Auguft. Differs from 
purpureo-carulea in having the fegments of the corolla far more 
unequal, ftamens proportionately longer, as well as in other 
points. 

We do not know that it has ever before been introduced 
into our Gardens. G. 



ERRATA. 



No. 745, 1. 2, pro " Purpvro-c^rvlka " lege •' Purpureo-c/erulea,' 



•It 14 et 21, pro ** furpuro.carulea" lege M furpureo caruka.' 



In which the 



1 EX. o 

n wnicn tne i>atin Names cf^ 
the Plants contained in the * 
Thirty -Third Volume are alpha- $ 
betically arranged. a 

PI. * 

329 Albuca vittata. v 

330 Allium flavum. ^ 
361 Aloe arachnoides (jS) pumila. 



33 1 
33 2 
35 2 
354 
360 



irinata (a), 

— depreffa. 

— foliolofa. 
— - mirabilis. 

margaritifera (y) minima. 



^62 — — mitr2eformis(/3) brevifolia, 

538 pentagona. 

345 Radula. 

353 
337 
34 6 
355 



i 



- recurva. 

- rigida. 

- faponaria (j3) latifolia. 

- virens. 

368 Anacampferos arachnoides. 

067 filamentofa. 

339 Anthericum longifcapum. 
343 Arftotis glutinofa. 

369 Ariftolochia tomentofa. 
350 Aftragalus finicus. 
336 Claytonia perfbliata. 
366 Cnicus fpinofiflimus. 
357 Diofma pulchella. 

370 Erica monadelpha. 
341 Fothergilla alnifolia (a) obtufa. ty 
342 (7) majo 



335 Fumaria formofa. 
349 Hermannia flammea. 

348 tenuifolia. 

356 Hibifcus furattenfis. 

358 Jufticia nervofa. 
372 Lachenalia lucida. 

272 , unicolor (jS). 

365 Lotus auftralis. 

359 Nymphaea nitida. 

364 rubra {$) rofea. 

334 Panax pufilla {a), 
233 - quinquefolia. 

344 Phlox Carolina. 
371 Rhapis fiabelliformis, mas, 
363 Strumaria crifpa. 
347 Tamus elephantipes. 
340 Tradefcantia erecia. 
351 Tropasolum peregrinum. 





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INDEX. 

In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty -Third Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

PL [ 

329 Albuca, Riband. 

355 Aloe, apple-green-leaved. 

361 dark-leaved fpider. 

331 . keel-leaved. 

3 j 6 largeft common Soap. 

362 leaft Mitre. 

360 leaft Pearl. 

338 pentagonal. 

345 rafp-leaved. 

353 — — recurved. 

354 — — rough-leaved Cufhion. 

332 fhort-leaved perfoliate. 

352 fmall-leaved. 

337 ftifF-leaved. 

368 Anacampferos, white-flowered, 
367 thready. 

339 Anthericum, glaucous-leaved. 

343 Arftotis, clammy. 
350 Aftragalus, umbellated. 

369 Birthwort, downy-leaved. 

347 Bryony, female Cape, or Ele- 

phant's-foot. 
336 Claytonia, perfoliate. 
366 Cnicus, feathery-headed. 

357 Diofma, blunt-leaved. 
341 Fothergilla, blunt-leaved. 

342 broad-leaved. 

335 Fumitory, blufti. 

330 Garlic, yellow. 

371 Ground-Ratan, dwarf, male. 

370 Heath, monadelphous. 

348 Hermannia, fine-leaved. 

349 ■ night-fmelling. 

356 Hibifcus, prickly-ftalked. 

358 Jufticia, blue-flowered. 
3-2 Lachenalia, glofly-leaved. 

373 plain-leaved, felf- 

coloured. 
365 Lotus, New-Holland. 

344 Lychnidea, rough-ftemmed. 

333 Panax, five-leaved, or Ginfeng. 

334 LeiTer. 

340 Sp:der-wort, upright. 

363 Strumaria, glittering-flowered, 
351 Tropjeolum ciliated, or Indian- 

Crefs . 

359 Water-Lily, cup-flowered. 

364 ■ ■ Rofe-coloured. 



Printed by S. Couchman, Tbrogmorten-Street, iondojj.