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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

Botanical Magazine; 

*■*•*..-■. O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wilh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 
VOL. XXXI. -^T- 

~~ v <^° 

1 love a garden and a greenhoufe ; where, 

U sconfeious of a lets propitious clime, 

May bloom exotic beauty, warm and fnug, 

While the winds whiftle and the fnows defcend ;• 

The fpiry myrtle with unwith'ring leaf 

Shines there and flourifhes. Cowper. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publiflied by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternojler-Rovt t 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCX. 




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I 



[ 1237 ] 

LlLIUM TIGRINUM. TyGER-SPOTTED 

Chinese Lily. 

■sMH* ^ M $ *- fc #■ fc #• W ^ ♦ #■♦ *• 

Generic Character. — f?</. iVo. 798. 

Specific . Character and Synonyms, 

LJLIUM tigrinum ; caule goffipino-lanato ; foliis omnibus 
caulinis, fparfis,. confertiufculis, angufte lan- 
ceolatis, longe acuminatis, nudis, linearis, feffi- 
libus, gradatim brevioribus, axilla bulbiferis ; 
floribus l-multis, thyrfiformi-panicuiatis, pedicellis 
ere6to-divergentibus, foliolo ovato bra&eatis ; corolla 
nutante, hexapetalo-partita, ex deorfum turbinatim 
coar&ata revolutim divaricata ; laciniis lanceolatis, 
longe acuminatis, canaliculo longitudinali margini- 
bus deorfum elevatioribus atque in cuniculum melli- 
ferum pubefcentem cucullatim convergentibus ex- 
aratis, difco bafin verfus carunculis compreffo- 
acuminatis capitellatis inaequaliter fcabratis ; intimis 
fubduplo latioribus, utrinque deorfum villofo-ciliatis ; 
extimis bullula camofa extrorfum praefixis ; ftamini- 
bus corolla fub 4** parte brevioribus, fafciculato- 
divergentibus ; p ; crmine quam ftylus triplo breviori ; 
itylo filamentis ifometro ; ftigmate parum incraflato 
puberulo apice rotundato. G. 

LILIUM fpeciofum. Bot. Repof. 586. nee aliorum. 

KENTAN. vulgo Oni Juri, i. e. Lilium diaboli ; aliis Jammi 
Juri, i. e* Lilium montanum five fylveftre. Mar- 
tagon caule cubitali pingui ; gemmis in finu foliorum 
piii magnitudinis ; (lore fpeciofo palmaris expan- 
fionis ; maculis tuberculifque ex minio puniceis, 
ovatis, atro-purpureis, fericeis, denfe guttato ; 
radice but bo fa ob copiam oleracea. Kampf. Amcen. 
Exf/t. Fafc. v. 871. ejufd. MS S. fig. 138. 

LILIUM pomponium. {3.. Cuan tan hoa. Lourrir. Flor. Cochin* 
207. 



A fplendid fpecies which has not yet found a place in any 
general fyftem of vegetables. We have borrowed the name 

intended 



intended for it in the approaching edition of Hortus Kewenfis. 
Stem from two to five feet high; flowers 1 — 14, large, of a 
bright red-lead colour with black-crimfon fomewhat raifed 
fpots. Hardy enough to thrive in the open ground, and will 
foon become common, being rapidly propagated by the bulbs 
produced in the axils of the leaves, as well as by thofe that 
furround the moiher-bulb. Blooms freely about July and 
Auguft. Native of China and Japan. Introduced into Kew 
Gardens from the former country, by Mr. W. Ker, in 1804. 
K^mpfer fays, that the bulbs are eaten by the Japanefe. 
Loureiro mentions its being cultivated at Canton, and makes 
it a variety of pomponium. 

K^empfer's defcription alone might have fatisfied us that 
this was the plant he had in view ; but upon referring to his 
manufcript in the Britifh Mufeum, we found an excellent 
drawing done with a pen and ink by himfelf, accompanying 
the defcription. Willdenow has erroneoufly added this 
fynonym to Thun berg's Iancifolium. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in Mr. Salisbury's 
Botanic Garden, Sloane-Square. G» 



C 1238 ] 

MORiEA EDULIS (y). YELLOW ESCULENT- 
ROOTED MoR^EA. 

Clqfs, Order, and Generic Charatler. — Fid. No. 1033.- 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MORtEA edulis, Vid. fupra No. 613. 

M. edulis. nobis in Ann. of Bot. 2. 241. et ad N um - 1103. Bot. 

Mag. pag. alt. Spec. Enum. 
M. vegeta. Jacq. lc. Rar. 2. /. 224. nee Linnaei aut Milleri. 
M. odora. Parad. Lond. t. 10. 
M. fugax. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. 3. /. 20. p. 14. 
IRIS edulis. Linn. Suppl. 93. Thunb. Dijf. n. 38. Bot. Rep. 

Recenf. p. 7. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 239. 
I. longifolia. Schneev. et Geuns, lc. Picl. 20. UJleri Ann. Bot. St. 

6. 105. Bot. Rep. t. 45. Vahl Enum. 2. 149. n. 52. 
IRIS capenfis. Burm. Prod. Fl. capenf. 2. 
IRIS imberbis, &c. Van Hazen Cat. Arb. et PL p. 6j. cum 

tab. (a nobis ad N um - 613 in fynonymia perperam 

exclufa.) 
VIEUSSEUXIA fugax. Be la Roche Biff. 33. n. 3. Becand. 

in Ann. du Muf. v. 2. p. 139. 
(a) corolla lilacina. Supra No. 613. 
((3) eadem albefcente. Parad. Lond. I. c. 
(y) eadem lutefcente. Supra No. 1238. et lc. Plant. Capenf. Cod. 

Bankf. abfque titulo. 
($) eadem caerulefcente. Schneev. et Geuns. I. c. 



We refer back to No. 613, for an account of the fpecies. 
The drawing of the prefent variety was made from a plant fent 
lad fummer from the Cape of Good Hope, by David 
Pontardent, Efq. for Mr. Vere's collection at Kenfing- 
ton. G. 



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C ^39 ] 
PLemanthus albiflos. White-flowered- 

HjEMANTHUS. 
-$ feifr ft $ ■$■# ^hjhHhNhNi #4*9 ^ 

C&z/i #«^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1075. 

Specific Character and Synonyms . 

HjEMANTHUS albiflos; (foliatione floref centime contemporali ;) 
foliis paucis, oblongo-loratis, glabris, mar- 
gine villofo-ciliatis ; fcapo tereti-compreflb ; 
villofo-hirfuto, afiurgenter-reclinato; fpatha 
inequivalvi, umbellae fubifometra, albido- 
.membranacea, venis viridibus reticulata, 
glabra, ciliata ; corolla infundibuliformi, 
angufta ; limbi laciniis linearibus, con- 
vergentibus, tubo triplo longioribus ; fila- 
mentis corolla fubtertia longioribus ; an- 
theris ovato-rotundis ; ftigmate leviflime 
trifido, patulo. G. 

HJEMANTHXJS' albiflos. Jacq. Hort. Schccnb. v. 1. 31. t. 59. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 27. 



Leaves about four, 1 — 2 inches broad, 4 — 6 long, fome- 
what fhorter than /cape, of a deep green colour; flowers white 
with very fhort pedicles ; anthers deep tawny yellow, incum- 
bent ; flyle rather thicker and higher than Jlamens, upright ; 
lerry about the fize of a pea, roundifli, trilocular, of a bright 
fhining red-lead colour ; locnlaments one-feeded. 

Introduced into this country from the Cape of Good Hope, 
by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, of Hammerfmith, in whofe 
greenhoufe it bloomed laft Auguft. We did not perceive that 
it had any fcent. G. 



[ 1240 ] 

Stapelia pulvinata. Cushioned 
Stapelia. 

♦ ♦' $ ♦ ♦ ■& ♦ ♦ ' t % $ $ ♦ # ♦ $ % ♦♦ 

Pentandria Digynia* 

Generic Char after. 
Neftar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Charafter arid Synonyms. 

STAPELIA pulvinata; ramis reclinatis, corollis quinquefidis: 
laciniis fubrotundis rugofis acuminatis ciliatis, 
fundo elevato denfiflime pilofo. 

STAPELIA pulvinata. Majfon Stap. p. 13. /. 13. Willi. 
Sp. PL 1279. Martyn Mill. Dift. n. 7. 



This fpecies is one of the moft fplendid in the genus, but 
the colours are not ufually fo bright as in the fpecimen from' 
which our drawing was made, fome years ago, at Mr. Wood- 
ford's late garden at Vauxhall. 

' It was introduced by Mr. Masson from the C?pe, where it 
grows among bufhes, about Camies-Burg, and is called by the 
Dutch inhabitants the Arabifche Rofe ; the fenfe of fmelling 
alone is however fully fufficient to expel every idea of affinity 
with that fragrant genus. 



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[ 1241 ] 

LlPARIA SPHjERICA. RUSCUS-LEAVED 

LlPARIA. 

$♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cal. 5-fidus : lacinia infima elongata. Corolla alas inferius bi- 
lobse. Staminis majoris dentes tres breviores. Legumen ovatum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LlPARIA fph<erica ; floribus capitatis, foliis lanceolatis ner- 
vofis glabris. Willi. Sp. PL 3. 1224. Mant. 268. 
Reich. 3. 479. Thunb. Prod. 124. Bit. Repof. 568. 

GENISTA africana, Rufci foliis longioribus, floribus luteis 
in globum congeftis. Raj. Dend. 107. n. 65. 

It was from this fpecies that Linnaeus conftrufted the genus 
Liparia as diftinft from Borbonia, to which it is very 
nearly allied. It does not indeed appear to us that the two 
genera are as yet very well diftinguifhed ; at lead the fpecies 
have been hitherto fo arranged, that many of the Boibonias 
have much greater affinity with fome that rank under Liparia, 
than they have with their prefent companions. Some, perhaps, 
do not properly belong to either genus. Lamarck unites 
both; but Lipari a fpb<?rica is very remarkable for its large 
braft.es, its petal-like calyx, and fingular convolution of the 
alae round the carina and one another. Not one of the de- 
fcribed fpecies, that we have feen, has the fame characters, 
although amongft dried fpecimens we have met with two others, 
in every refpeft: clofely allied. Perhaps thefe may hereafter be 
found to be in the collection at Fonthill, as we are informed 
in the Botanift's Repofitory, that Mr. Milne, the gardener, 
fuppofes he has two other new fpecies of the fame genus, which 
have not yet bloffomed. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires the protec- 
tion of a greenhoufe, and the fame treatment as the Sophoras 
and Crotalarias from the fame country. Flowers in July. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in the collection of the 
late Right Hon. Charles Greville, at Paddington. Intro- 
duced, according to Donn, in his Hortus Cantabrigeivlis in the 
year 1783. 



C !24 2 ] 

Eugenia fragrans. Sweet-scented 
Eugenia. 

Clafs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus, fuperus. Petala 4. Bacca l-locularis, i- 
fperma. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

EUGENIA fragrans ; pedunculis axillaribus trichotomis firrh 
plicibufque, floribus in dichotomiis feffilibus, foliis 
ovatis convexiufculis fubcoriaceis punft atis glabris^ 
caule arboreo. 

EUGENIA fragrans. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 964. 

EUGENIA montana ; foliis ovatis acutis, floribus terminali- 
bus, fructu parvo albo, punctis rubris notato. 
Aubl. Guian. 1. p. 495. /. 195. 

MYRTUS fragrans ; pedunculis axillaribus tricbotomis fim- 
plicibufque, foliis ovatis convexiufculis fubcoria- 
ceis pun£tatis glabris, caule arboreo. Swart* 
Prod. 79. hi. Ind. Occid. 1. p. 914. Vahl Symb. 
2. p. 59. Mart. Mill. Ditt. n. 34. 

Eugenia and Myrtus are not eafily diilinguifhed, and 
their divifion into two genera is perhaps altogether arbitrary ; 
both the number of petals and of cells in the fruit being far 
from conftant. Our plant has however, for the moft part, a 
four- cleft calyx and only four petals, and according to Aubl et, 
whofe Eugenia montana is certainly the fame fpecies with the 
one here figured, though quoted as a doubtful fynonym by 
Willdenow, the berries are one-celled and finde-feeded. 
E u g e n i a paniculat a of Jacquin, given as another dubious 
fynonym in Willdenow, we conclude does not belong to 
our plant, as the flowers are all on longifh pedicles. 

Native of the mountains of the fouth of Jamaica, and or 
Mount Serpent in Guiana. Our drawing was made at Meffrs. 
Whitley and Br ami's, O'd-Brompton. 

Is ufually kept in the bark ftove, but being an inhabitant of 
the mountains, will probably be found not to require a high 
temperature. 




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C 1243 ] 

Nymph/ea kalmiana. Canadian 
Water-Lily. 

Clafs and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA, 

Generic Characler, 
Cor. Polypetala. Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus. Bacca multilocularis, 
loculis polyfpermis. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 
NYMPHS A kalmiana g foliis cordato-ovatis integerrimis 

fubtus venis exaratis, calyce* petaloideo penta- 

phyllo orbiculato petalis pluries majore, ftig- 

mate 8 — 12-radiato. 
NYMPHyEA Intea. |3. kalmiana. Michaux VI. Bor, Am. 1, 
V- 3"- 

This inhabitant of Canada in North- America, is almoft a 
counterpart in miniature of the European common Yellow 
\\ aier Lily, and has the fame habits. The flower, as in the 
reft of the fpecies, (lands high out of the water, but when the 
effloreicenre is over, the peduncle retires under the water, 
where the feed is perfefcied and fcattered in the mud. 

Michaux, although he could not find any diltingui filing 
characters, could not perfuade himfclf but that it was a dif- 
ferent fpecies from Nymphia lutea. The only remarkable 
difference that we can dete£t is that the leaves have fewer veins, 
and that thefe are not rai fed from the under furface, as in lutea, 
but really grooved, and are a little raifed on the upper furface ; 
the lobes are rather more divaricate and obtufe. We have 
not obferved the petals to exceed ten ; and the rays of the 
ftigma, which are white, and united by a flefh-coloured mem- 
brane, are more ufually eight, fometimes as many as twelve. 
In Nymph/la lutea the ftigma is yellow, and has ufually about 
fixteen rays ; and the nu ber of the petals is feldom lefs. 

Our drawing was {ketched from a fpecimen communicated 
by Meffrs. Loddiges & Sons, in July 1808, and finifhed 
laft fummer, at Mr. Vere's, Kenfington-Gore, whofe intelli- 
gent gardener, Mr. Anderson, pointed out to us, that Nym- 
ph vt a kalmiana and lutea s befides the leaves which float upon 
the water, bear others which never appear above its furface; 
thefe are tenderer, more undulated, and fhorter, with lobes 
very much divaricated, and hence approaching to kidney- 
fliaped. Being a native of Canada, it mud be perfectly hardy, 
but when grown in a ciftern fhould be protected from fevere froft. 



j/fiza 




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C 32 44 ] 

Trichonema punicuM. Blush 

Trichonema. 

•$-$ +■* # % •&-# -# -& #-$ # ♦ & +♦ 

Generic Characler. — Fid, No. 1225. 
Specific CbaraBer and Synonyms. 

TRICHONEMA pttdicttm ; (adhnc modb fori Jam cattle toto e 
terra fgrejfo ;) foliis lanceolato-linearibus, 
utrinque tricoftato-bifulcis, fummis duobus 
involucrato-oppofitis, altero majori deorfum 
ventr icofo- vagi nam e.quampedunculi dicho- 
tomo-gemini longiori, altero breviflimo 
convoluto-bracteaetormi, (nunc paulo infra 
dichot&miam ponitnr pedunculus alius Jimi'is 
fimiiibus flipatus folii* ;) fpatha corolla 
2 — 3-pl° breviori ; corolla ex inferne fub- 
campanulato-convergente recurvatim pa- 
tente ; laciniis obovato-lanceolatis, fub- 
aequalibus ; tubo fere obfoleto ; filamentis 
antheras fubsequantibus, juxta fupra bafiti 
denfiori villorum flocculo barbatis ; ftig- 
matum latiinulis fimbriatulis, revolutim di- 
varicantibus, antheras parum excedenti- 
bus. G. 

TRICHONEMA pudicum. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 223. 
Supra No. 1225. pag. alt. in [pec. enum. 

I XI A pudica, Soland. Herb. Bank/. 



Contrary to the more general habit of the genus, the entire 
ftem in this ipecies is protruded from the ground, while the 
plant is as yet only in a flowering ftate ; in moft others, the 
ftem-like peduncles alone appear during that period ; the real 
ftem, as in Crocus, emerging gradually while the fruit ripens. 
Leaves 3 — 4 ; flowers 2 — 3, fcentlefs ; flein 3 — 4 inches high. 
Not recorded in any general fyftem of vegetables ; and moft 
probably now firft known in our European gardens. Brought 
from the Cape of Good Hope by Mifs Symonds, filler to the 
late Lady Gwyllim, and given by her to MefTrs. Whitley 
and Brame, in whofe greenhoufe at Brompton it flowered laft 
Auguft. G. 




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[ !245 ] 

EUSTREPHUS LATIFOLIUS. BROADEST- 
LEAVED EUSTREPHUS. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Perianth, fexpartitum, patens foliolis interioribus fimbriatis, 
deciduum. Stamina 6, hypogyna. Filam. breviffima, plana, 
nunc coalita. Anth. ereciae. Ovarium loculis polyfpcrmis. 
Stylus filiformis. Stigma trifidum. Capf. baccata, trilocul. 
trivalv. valvis medio feptiferis. Sem. plura umbilico ftrophio- 
lato. Embryo eccentricus. Radicula centrifuga. Brown Prod, 
Fl. Nov. Holland, inedit. 

Obs. Suffrutices facie Medeolje afparagoidis, volubiles. Folia 
nervofa. Pedicel li axil/ares et terminates aggregati, medio articidati. 
Flores dilute purpurafcentes. Bacca fubglobofa, flava . Semina majujcula, 
atra. Affinitate proximum genus Luzuriag^e. Flor. Peruv, 3. p. 65. 
A 298. Brown he. cit. 

Specific Characler. 

EUSTREPHUS latifolius ; foliis ovatis elliptico-lanceolatifve ; 
pedicellis aggregatis ; filatnentis bafi con- 
natis ; antheris defloratis apice tortilibus. 
Brown loc, cit. 



A genus inflituted by the very able Botanift above cited, 
jrom whofe, as yet unpublished, work the above characters 
have been, by his kind permiflion, extracted. It is a twining 
greenhoufe fhrub, lately introduced from Botany-Bay; varies 
with leaves two or three times broader than thole fhewn in the 
Prefent figure. 

Uur drawing was made from a plant that flowered this fum- 
£J e rat Meflrs. Whitley and Brame's nurfery, Old-Brompton. 

a s been miflaken by the gardeners for Medeola angujlU 



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C 1246 ] 

Lapeyrousia fissifolia. Leafy-spiked 

Lapeyrousia. 

fr i fr $m£$$4 » »$ $$ $$ > 

C/j/i a»<i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 
Generic Characler. 
Spatha bivalvis valvis conduplicato-oppofitis; raro convo- 
luto-univalvis. Cor. fupera, tubaio-hypocrateriformis, ere&a ; 
tubus gracilis, triqueter, in faucern anguftam dilatefcens; 
Jimbus fexpartitus, fubsequalis, tubo brevior, nunc regularis 
crettus, nunc irregularis nutans. Statu, tubi ori adnata, limbo 
lubiJometra, modo trifariam divergentia, modo collaterali- 
contigua atque fubafcendenter porre&a. Antb. ereftse, a dorfo 
tupra bafin appenfae. Stylus capillaris. Stigm. 3,linearia, bipartita, 
recurvato-divergentia. Cap/, \n\oz. , trivaiv. , membranacea, 
tnlobo- vel trialato-trigona didepimentis breviflimis. Sem. 
Dilerialia, plurima, fubglobofa vel contaftu angulofa. G. 

yBs. Loc. nat. Caput Bona S pet. Bulbo-tuber nucleo cajlaneo-carnof* 
°mni anno r enov undo put aminibus campanulatis vejiito ; herba annua ; toiia 
en Jyormia y collaterali-dijlicha, crajjiufcula, nervofo-Jlriata y vaginantia ; caulis 
'x foliorum. vet fpatharum decurj'u alato-anceps, nuncjimplex tenerior, nunc 
ramojijjitnus durior facie fuffruticulofa ; fpatha vel herhacea vel fphacelato- 
wembranacea ; flores modo caulini ax'dlares in fpicam numerofam folio/am pro- 
J /' modo ramei in fpiculas plurimas aphyllai paucijliras pan'tculatim 
Jajtigiantes digejii ; raro in fajciculum iridioldewn Iracleis ftnguiaribus con- 
volutis mterflintfum contrafti. Genus hinc Anomathec-e indeWlT- 
szhije affine. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
LAPEYROUSIA fij/ifolia ,- foliis numerofis, coriaceo-craffis, 
profunde linearis; fuperioribus brevioribus, 
fubimbricatim approximatis, ab interna ad 
externam ferme marginem diffiffis, com- 
plicato-ovatis, carinatis, intus glabris, extus 
ftriatis ; caule fnnplici ; fpica foliofa ; fpa- 
this axillanbus foliolo involucrante duplo 
brevioribus ; corolla gracillime tubata; 
tubo tiiquetro-filiformi, laciniis 3 — 4-plo 
longiori; fauce brevi, incurvula; limbo 
nutante irregulari ; laciniis fubfpatulato- 
ovatis, rotato-reflexis, fumma latiori pro- 
ftante ; ftaminibus collaterali - contigu : «, 

fubafcendentibus ; 



fubafcendentibus ; capfula molendina- 
cea. G.- ■ ■ ■ In vegetioribus prgfertim 
fpontaneis foliorum mar go fubdenticulato- 
crifpa vel et fubciliata. In tabula Jijiitur 
bulbo-tuber put amine exteriori campanulas 
orbatum. 

LAPEYROUSIA fifflolia. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. i. 238. 

GLADIOLUS Melius, J acq. lc. Rar. 2. /. 268. Coll. 4. 
164. IVilld. SuppL 1. 216. Vahl. Enum. 2. 
107. n. 61. 

Our figure does not fhew the outer campanulate fhell 
of the Bulb-tuber ; it had been taken off previous to 
planting, diem 4 — 6 inches high ; lower leaves 1 — 3 inches 
long, upper ones fhorter, envelopping the fpathes, fplitting- 
open and diverging from the inner to near the outer edge they 
lofe their enfiform appearance ; Jpathe very fhort, fphacelate, 
about the length of the gcrmeu ; corolla varying from pale 
purple to white, about an inch and half long, fragrant, brittle. 
Both varieties were introduced this year from the Cape of 
Good Hope, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy of Hammer- 
ihiith, in whofe greenhoufe they flowered in September. G. 



Specierum Enumeratio. 

corymbofa. fupra tab, 595. Ixia. Fab/. Enum. 2. 56. w. 16. 

faftigiata. Lam. Encyc. 3. 337, a nobis in Ann. of 

Bot. 1. 238, minus recie pro dijtinflafpecie recenjita. 

falcata. nob, in Ann. Bot. I.e. Herb. Bank/. Gladiolus. Tbunb. 

Dijf. 4. tab, l.f. 3. Vahl. I. c. 97. n. 40. 
fafciculata. nob. Ann. Bot. I.e. Ixia heterophylla. Vahl. I.e. 

57. Galax 1 a plicata. Jacq. lc. Rar. 2. /. 291. 
fiffifolia. fupra tab. 1246. 

anceps. nob. Ann. Bot. 1. c. Gladiolus. Vahl. he. 108. n. 64. 

denticulatus. Lam. ill. 1. 118. Ixia Fabricii. De la 

Roche Dijf. n. 5. Lapeyrousia compreffa. Pourret. 

Act. Tolos. 3. 79. tab. 6. 

filenoides nob. Ann. Bot. /. c. Gladiolus. Vahl. I. c. 107* 

». 60. Jacq. lc. Rar. 2. tab. 270. 
brafteata. nob. Gladiolus. Vahl. I. c. 107. 



k. 62. .Ihuub. Prod. 186. Act. Soc. 
b. n. Hafn. v. 6. cum. jig, 
Fabricii. nob. Gladiolus. Vahl, I, c. 108. 
n. 63. T.bunb. P- c u 



Anne a fiffifolia 
atque ancipiti 
diverf<e f 



3$£2f}, 




R&.$)r.T.Gitrtt, X? ' Geo.-O-e/eeriZ UecZ 



'i.i8iy. 



[ ^47 3 

MORvEA PAVONIA. Or ANGE-COLOURED 

M0R£A. 

Tkiandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid./upra N u - 1033 et 1103. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORyEA pavonia ; (imberbis ,- Jligmata covpendiato-petali- 
formia ;) foliis angufte convoluto-loratis, cufpidatis, 
extrorfum ftriato-villofis, imo longiori ■, icapo 
fimplici ; involucro herbacco, folkario, fubbi- 
fJoro; corolla inaequaliffima; laciniarumexteriortim 
unguibus lato-turbinatim convergentibus, laminis 
ovato-orbiculatis, explanato-patentibus ; laciniis 
interioribus pluries anguftioribus, lineari-lanceo- 
latis, erecio-patulis ; ftigmatibus cuneato-oblongis, 
bifidis lacinulis minimis, ftylo longioribus, ftamina 
vix asquantibus, contratlius turbinatim conniventi- 
bus. G. 

MOR^EA pavonia. Nobis in Ann. Bot. v. 1. 240. Supra 
No. 1103. in Spec. Synth. 

IRIS pavonia. Linn. Suppl. 98. Tbunb. Di/f. n. 35. tab. i.f. 3. 
Prod. 12. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 8. Hort. S(hoenb. i. 
6. tab. 10. Bot. Rep. tab. 364. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 
238. 

VIEUSSEUXIA pavonia. Decand. in Ann. du Muf. 2. 139. 



In No. 571 of the prefent work, we have mentioned the 
pronenefs in fome of the flowers of certain fpecies of this 
genus to luxuriate or become in fome meafure double ; that 

,s w ^s frequently evinced by the production of various lized 
petal-like laminae within and at the bafe of the claws of the 

ieguients 



fegments of the corolla. Thefe procefTes in the prefent 
fpecies have been raifed by Thunberg to the dignity of 
Ne£Iarie<i ; but fince, in other nearly allied ones, we have 
frequently found them in one corolla, while in others on the 
fame ftem none were to be found ; and fince the fame root pro- 
duced in other years flowers, all of which were deftitute of 
them; and fince Jacquin allures us, that there were no 
traces of them in his fpecimens of this fame fpecies, we 
adhere to our former opinion of their nature ; holding them 
to be mere accidental excrefcences, and not effential organs 
with Thunberg. They vary in fize and form even in the 
fame flower. We lolt the opportunity of examining the 
prefent fpecimen, and have trufted to the figures of our 
draughtfman and others above cited for our fpecific dis- 
tinctions. Differs from trkufpts, No. 168 (which by Mr. 
Curtis was, and by mod gardeners ftill is, miftaken for it) 
in the form and dimenfions of the ftigmas, in having the inner 
fegments of the corolla entire and lanceolate, as well as by its 
puhefcent leaves and ftem. Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. 

Our drawing was made this fummer from a plant that 
flowered in the greenhoufe of Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 
at Hammerfmith. G. 



C 1248 ] 

Centaurea macrocephala. Large- 
headed Yellow Centaury. 

» $ $ f $ f f f » » $ » $ $ ^- jfc-sjc- $ 

C/4/) a»J Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. fetofiim. Pappus fimplex. Cor. radii infundibuli- 
formes, longiorcs, irregulares. 

Specific Cbaracler^ and Synonyms. 

CENTAUREA macrocephala ; calycibus globofis folitariis : 
fquamis fcariofis oibiculatis lacero-cilialis, 
foliis lanceolatis fubintegerrimis fuperne fca- 
berrimis. 

CENTAUREA maaocephala / calycibus fcariofis, fquamis 
fubrotundo-ovatis ciliatis, foliis oblongo lan- 
ceolatis indivifis fcaberrimis acutis ferratis. 
IVilld. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2298. 

CENTAUREA macrocephala. Com. Muffin Pujhhn. 



Desc. Stem ereft, fimple, fomewhat hifpid, thickly clothed 
with lanceolate entire leaves, of which the lower ones are de- 
current and a little toothed, the upper ones fmaller, lefs decur- 
rent, and quite entire, very rough on the upper furface. Calyx 
folitary, terminal, globofe, very large: fcales, at the lower 
part, fmooth, green, oblong-ovate, the upper lax part orbi- 
cular, fcariofe, ruit-coloured, irregularly fringed. Flower 
folitary, yellow, flofcular without radius. Filaments hifpid ♦ 
anthers, in our fpecimen, Ho firmly adhering together, that the 
JJyle, unable to perforate them, is frequently turned to one 
fide. Pappus of the germen ftmple, purple-tipped. 

We think that Willdenow fhould have placed this fpecies 
in the fe&ion of the Rhapontica and next to Centaurea 
Rhapontica, with which it has the greateft affinity. The fcales 
of the calyx are rather minutely lacerated than properly ci- 
liated. 

Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges, in whofe garden B 
has been cultivated feveral year?. Native of the countries to 
the fouth of Mount Caucafus. With us a hardy perennial. 




'/- 



-&*&. 2>v 7* iltri^r J'*£- 



aWlJ2i<) 




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wo. 



[ 1249 ] 

Erica aristata. Bearded-leaved 
Heath. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦MM 

Oafs and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Filament a receptaculo inferta. 
Anthers 2 fidae. Cap/. 4-locularis. Dijfepimenta e valvularum 
marginibus. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonym. 

ERICA arijiata / bra&eis calyci proximis, floribus quaternis, 
foliolis calycinis oblongis obtufis, foiiis recurvis feta 
terminatis. Dryandcr in Hort. Kew. inedit. 

ERICA arijiata. Andrews Heaths, vol. 3. 



This Heath, which is one of the mod beautiful, as well as 
lingular in the whole genus, was communicated to us by Mr. 
Williams, Nurferyman, at Turnham-Green. In the new 
arrangement of the numerous fpecies of this genus, framed by- 
Mr. Dryander for the new edition of the Hortus Kewenjis t 
H occurs under the divifion of Coniflor/e grandes, having 
the tube of the corolla dilated at the lower part and exceeding 
half an inch in length, and the fecond fubdivifion or fuch as 
have unarmed anthers. Each leaf is terminated with a re- 
curved bridle which affords a remarkable charader. The 
number of terminal flowers varies from two to four. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the fame 
treatment as the reit of the genus. 

flowers in December. 



[ 1250 ] 
Erica androm^djeflora. 

C/iz/j and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Fikimenta receptaculo inferta. 
Anther<e 2-fidae. Cap/. 4-locularis. Dijfepimenta e valvularum 
marginibus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ERICA andromed<ejlora ; bra&eis a calyce remotis, foliis pa- 
tentiffimis internodiis muhoties longioribus viridibus. 
Dryander in tiort. Kew. inedit. 

ERICA andromedcfflora. Andrews Heaths^ vol. 3. 



For this very rare Heath, we are indebted to Mr. Knight, 
Nurferyman, in the King's-Road. 

In Mr. Dryander's new arrangement of the fpecies 01 
this genus, above referred to, it comes under his fourth divifion, 
the Calycina % or fuch whofe calyxes are as long as the tube 
of the corolla, fometimes as the whole corolla, or even longer ; 
and of a different colour than green in all, except in £-• 
capitata, in which they are yellowifh green ; and in the firit 
feftion with Anthers criftata>, or fuch as have appendages* 
roundifh or oblong and ferrulate. In all the fpecies of this 
feftion the leaves are ternate, except in E. fquamofa. 

Erica An drome da flora grows with its branches ereft, ap" 
proaches in affinity to glanca and elegans, between which Mr* 
Dryander has placed it. Native of the Cape. Flowers in 
May. 



/ 'uso. 




' {lirf<.'> Sft?*>. &», 'h**£ Z>6C ' ■ 




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jyjsj 



AXJ^rSTAfX,!' S? Gee, . Cr^e0H#. 



^Jott/tHtS* 



[ ^l ] 

Hedysarum capitatum. Sceptre- 
flowered HEDYSARUM. 
-#- -#- x- 4ft Jjs ♦ * $ -#- * -%■%-% # $ #■•$--# ♦ 
C/tf/i a;/./ Order, 

DlADELPHIA DtCANDRIA. 

Generic Char utter. 
Cat. 5-fidus. CV. carina tranfverfe obtufa. Lomenlum arti- 
culis l-fpermis compreffis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
HEDYSARUM capitatum j caule decumbente, foliis pinnatis, 
foJiolis obovatis, fJoribus racemofo-capitatis 
pedunculis folio longionbus. IVillJ. Sp. PL 3. 
1 2 1 o. Desjont. At I. 2. p. 177. 

D^.sc. Stems decumbent. Leaves pinnated: leaflets ellip- 
tical, in eight diftant pairs, filky underneath. Stipules mem- 
branaceous, ftriate, ciliate, ovate-acuminate, and frequently 
fy'u at the point. Peduncles axillary, fu!cate, longer than the 
leaf. Flowers pale purplifh red, growing in a fpike-fhaped 
raceme, or lengthened capirulum, on very fhort pedicles, patent 
on firlt opening, but, after deflorefcence, railed clofe to the 
rachis. Bra8e one under each flower, ovate-acuminate, ciliate, 
twice as long as pedicle. Calyx deeply divided into five fub- 
ulatr tegmems, all inclined downwards and the two upper 
ones diftant. Fexillum very little longer than the carina; alts 
inorter, fometimes very fmall, imperfeel, and attached firmly 
to the carina. Lomentmn (which Willdenow diftinguifhes 
from a Legumen, becaufe although compofed of two valves 
w >th a future on each fide, the valves do not as in the latter open 
todifcharge the matured feed) has five or fix joints. We havefecn 
» only i n an unripe ftate. The whole plant is fomewhat hoary. 

A hardy perennial ; native of Mount Caucafus ; has flowered 
jeveral years in Mr. Loddiges's garden, in July and Augujf, 
J>ut has not produced perfett feeds. The feeds were fent under 

e name of Hedysarum flexuofum. which is an annual and a 
ttuch larger plant. . 

Hedysarum capitatum and pallidum of D e s > o N T a i n e S do 
appear to be very accurately diftlnguifhed ; our plant cor- 

Ponds, in molt refpects, with his defcriptions of both ; nor are 
hu U , re tnat e 'ther ought to be feparated from Hedysarum 
rac ' *" ^ ^ G m °'* ^ ri ' an S Mature in our plant is the fhape of the 
bul m \ Wn ' c .^ before the flowers begin to expand is nearly glo- 
Whfh • aS " ^ en S tnens » the old flowers rife clofe to the rachis, 
Part f L* 1Ve eraceme a more contracted appearance at the lower 
Patent ana * w ^ iere tne recently expanded flowers are quite 



[ 1252 ] 

Gyanella lutea. Yellow Cyanella, 
$ ♦ "$ i t $M$ ♦■♦ <M t ♦ ♦ ♦ > 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha o. Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, fubirregulari- 
rotata bilabiato-inflexave, fubaequalis, nutans. Fil. laciniarum 
bafi affixa, duplice ordine per tria tranfverfim oppofita, fu- 
periora collaterali-contigua, ex inferioribus medium remotius 
declinatum. Anth. fagittaro-oblongae, porreclae, apice dehif- 
centes, imarum major fubdifFormis. Stylus fetaceo-attenuatus, 
declinato aflurgens. Siig. punchim nunc obfolete trifidum. 
Capf. orbiculato-trigona, membranacea, farfta, nodulofa, reti- 
culato-venofa, triloc. , trivalv. , valvis medio feptigeris. Sem. 
biferialia, plura in fingulo loculamento, ere&a, ex fubovato- 
rotundis varie preffa, interna? diffepimentorum margini utrin- 
que affixa. G. 

Obs. Loc. nat. Caput Bona Spei. Herbze bulha-tuberofa. Bulbo- 
tuber ovato-ghbofuniy nucleus cajlaneo-camofus, quotannis renavandus, mem- 
brants reticularis inclufus ; folia per paginam internum cauli ambienter ob~ 
Vffata, a lanceolato-ellipticis unciam latis ad canaliculato-linearia vix 
imeam lata, in/erne verfus convoluto-vaginantia ; caul is altior, afwiplicif- 
Jimo unifloro ad ramofum racemojo-multiftarum ujque, pcdicelli JolitarH 
wiflori bra&ez Jlipati ; genitalia corolla breviora; iiorum color inconjians. 

G. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

CYANELLA lutea s fcapo nudo fubramofo : racemis ereclis ^ 
foliis lineari-lenceolatis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 131. 
Linn. Suppl. 201. Tbunfi. Aft. Holm. 1794. 
195. tab. 7. /. 1. Prod. 65. Hort. Kew. u 
446. 



Seei 



w j , eems to differ from capenfis (No. 568) in having a Jlem 
only one or two upright branches, inftead of one with 
nv branches and thole horizontally patent or divaricate, 



in 



in the leaves not being undulate, and in having a larger different 
coloured corolla ; but we had no opportunity of comparing the 
living fpecies together. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; from whence it was 
introduced into Kew Gardens by Mr. Ma son, in 1788. 

Our drawing was made this fummer from a fpecimen in 
Mr. Loddiges's greenhoufe, Hackney. G. 



Jffg*S$. 




[ J 253 ] 

Amaryllis ornata (a). Cape Coast Lily. 



AMARYLLIS ornata. Fid. Jupra No. 11 71. 

(«) uni-pluriflora. G. 

AMARYLLIS ornata. Hort. Kew. 1.418. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
55. 

A. BrouJJbneti. JJl: a Red. tab. 62. 

A. fpeSlabjlis. Bat, Rtp. tab. 390. 

A. yuceoides. I'hompfon Bat. Difpl. n. 4. /. 14, 

CRIXUM yuccaflorum. Parad. Land. t. 52. 

(0) pluii-mulri flora. G, 

AMARYLLIS ornata. Supra No. 1171. 

A. zeylanica. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 421. L' fieri t. Sert. AngL 
13. Willd, Sp. PL 2. 56. Roxburgh PL com- 
mand, tab, inedit. ' * 

CRINUM latifolium. Bot. Rep. tab. M. "' 

c * zeyianicum. Reich. Sp. Pi. 2. 24. Syji. Veg. 263. Murr. 
$18. 

LILIO-NARCISSUS africanus, &c. Ehret Pill. tab. 5./. 2. 
Tme; Ehret. tab. 13. 

L. N. zeylanicus. Com. Hort. Amjiel. 1. 73. /. 73. Rudb. Efgfc 

TULIPA Javana. Rumph. Amboin. 5. 306. /. 105. 



VVe lay before our readers the Sierra Leone variety of this 

pecies. \y e have noted it as (<*), and the Eaft-Indian plant 

as \$) 1 confidering our former variety (|3* No. 923*) as 

a reac ty detached, and conftituting a feparate fpecies under the 

name of giganlea {vid. fupra No. 1171). This arrangement 

we have adopted at the fuggeftion of Mr. Dry and er. The 

lerra Leone plant has fometimes feveral flowers, with leaves 

ev eral times broader than in the prefent fpecimen, and not 

cutely carinate ; the edges are fometimes rough or obfoletely 

e nticulate, but not always, nor all fo on the fame plant. 

hret fuppofes his fpecimen to have been imported from the 

a pe of Good Hope ; but we are perfuaded that it is the Eaft- 

th 'p 1 P* am ; at a ^ events no fpontaneous production of 

v,ape. B otn re q U i re t0 b e k e p t j n t j ie hot-houfe, and are 

ver y ornamental. 

The 



The Sierra Leone variety was moft probably firfl brought 
into this country by Profeflbr Afzelius, as well as gi- 
gantea. Communicated by Meffrs. Lo d d i g e s. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 923*. 1. 19. pro " phxibus" lege " plexubus." 
No. 1045. !• 10t P ro " cauli" lege '* caule." 

- -'■■ ■ 1. 26. for " under" read " inner." 

p, 2. 1. 12. before "ungues" add " than the" with a 

comma after •* ungues." 
1. 20. for " thefe" read " that." 
No. 1247. p. 2. 1. 5. dele " and." 

— 1. 15. dele comma after ** tricufj>h." 



Nfizsf. 





C 1254 3 

Hesperantha pilosa (j3). Grass-leaved 
Evening-flower. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spatha bivalvis, herbaceo-membranacea, externa valva navi- 
culari-conduplicata. Cor. fupera, hypocrateriformis ; tubus 
gracilis fuperne verfus parum ampliatus ; limbus fexpartitus, 
rotatus, fubsequalis, ereQus nutanfve. Slig. 3, canaliculato- 
linearia, angufta, os tubi ufque ab invicem difcreta, infra antheras 
recurvatim effufa. Fil. fummo tubo impofita. Anth. lineari- 
oblongae, verticales a dorfo appenfae incumbentefve verfa- 
tiles. Cap/, membranacea, oblongo-trigona, farBa, nodulofa, 
iriloc, trivalv. , valvis verticaliter feptigeris. Sem. numerofa, 
biferialia, parvula, contactu angulofa, loculamenti angulo 
interno appafta. G. 

Obs. Loc. nat. Caput Bona Spei. Herbas bulbo-tuberofa. Bulbo- 
tubens nucleus cajlaneo-camof us., put amine inclufus campaniformi vel conoideo 
coriaceo vel ligneo vel etiam lapideo fulcifque elevatis rotundatis notato ; folia' 
plura, enfata, collaterali-diJlicha y modo complanato-fifiuhfa acjl crajja, intimum 
tongiusy vaginalis; inflor. ereBo-fpicata, pluri-multifiora ; corolla ve/pere 
aperit mane fe claudit, inverfo coordinatorum more. Hinc Geissorhizam 
mae Sparaxidem collineans. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HESPERANTHA pilofa : foliis tribus, angufto-graminek, 
reftioribus, parum divergentibus, pilofis 
fubpiJofis nudifve; caule fimplice pub- 
efcente planeve impubej fpathse valva 
externa acuminata tubum adaequante j co- 
rollae limbo ere&o. G. 

HESPERANTHA pilofa. Nob. in Ann. Bot. 1. 225. 

*XIA pilofa. Lin. Suppl. 92. Tbunb. diff. n. 5. Prod. 9. Murr. 
Syft. Veg. ed. 14. 84. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 197. 

, Vahl. Enum. 2. 54. n. 1 1. 

(*) nerba pi lis afperfa. Spccim. in Herb. Bank/. 

(pj eadem nuda. Specim. in loc. cit. 

Differs 



Differs from angufta in having only three inftead of five 
leaves, a ftem lefs flexuofe, and flowers that are not wholly 
white on both fides. Angufta comes nearer lofalcata (No. 566). 
The bloom begins to expand in the afternoon and remains 
open until funriie, during which time it exhales a very 
ftrong aromatic fcent. A native of the Cape of Good 
Hope; whence it was imported by Meffrs. Lee Sc Kennedy, 
in whofe confervatory at Hammerfmith it flowered this 
autumn. G. 



Specierum Enumerato. 

virginea. Nob. in Ann. Bot. 1. 225. (Ixia.) Soland. Herb. 

Bank/. 
radiata. Supra N is - 573 & 790. (Ixia.) recurva. Vabl, Enum. 

2. 58. «. 20. — radiata. Id. he. cit. 
angufta. Nob. /. c. (Ixia.) Jaeq. ic. rar. 2. tab. 279. Vahl. 

L c. 59. n. 21. 
pilofa. Supra No. 1254. 
cinnamomea. Supra No. 1054. 
falcata. Supra No. 566. (Ixia.) Vahl. I. e. 69. n. 43. 

Addendum. 

No. 1246 in fpecierum enumeratione Lapeyrousi^e anci- 
pitis fynonymis eft adjicienda ; Ixia pyramidatis. Lamarck 
Dia. Encyc. 3. 334. Illuftr. 1. 109. Vahl. Enum. 2. 53- 
n. to. G. 



fflnss 




JLi.t 



C 12 55 ] 
Geissorhiza setacea. Narrowest- 
leaved Tile-Root. 

j M» ♦♦ $ $ $ ♦ ft < M ♦■#>♦♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charafter. — Vid, No. 1105. 

Specific CharaSler and Synonyms. 

GEISSORHIZA fetacea ; foliis enfiformibus lineari-acumi- 
natifve etiamve fetaceo-filiformibus, coftato- 
nervofis ; caule toto glabro, fimplice vel 
uniramofo, uni-multifloro ; valva interna 
fpathas duplo breviore ; corolla turbinato- 
campanulata, nunc fuperne verfus radiatim 
explanata ; tubo quam limbus pluries bre- 
viore, fpatham vix aequante ; laciniis hnceo- 
lato-oblongis, fubunguiculatis,bafi fcrobiculo 
oblongiufculo infculptis ; antheris quam fila- 
menta duplo brevionbus. G. 

GEISSORHIZA fetacea. Nob. in Ann. Bot. 1. 224. Supra 
No. 1105 , * Spec, Enum. 

IX I A fetacea. Thanh. Diff. n. 13. Prod. 9. Murr. Syft. Veg. 
ed. 14. 84. Vahl Enum. 2. 63. n. 40 ; a Willdenovio 
omifTa. 

(*) caule uni-plurifloro, corolla cyanea fundo difcolore. G. 

GEISSORHIZA rochenfis. Nob. in Ann. Bot. 1. 224. Supra 
No. 1105. in Spec. Enum. 

JXIA rochenfis. Supra tab. 598. 

Jif^ radians. Vahl Enum. 2. 75. n. 54. 

\p) caule fimplicf, l-paucifloro; corolla fulphureo-albefcente, 
extus tinftura rubicunda fuffufa, fundo virefcente. G. 

GEISSORHIZA/^^. No. 1255. 

VW caule fimplice vel uniramofo, multifloro, corolla proximae 
Prscedentis ferme concolore. G. 

GEISSORHIZA ohtufata. Supra tab. 672, et No. 1105. in 

j y Spec. Enum. 

*AIA geminata. Vahl Enum. 2. 68. n. 41. 

Upon 



Upon comparing live fpecimens of rochenjis and obtufafamih 
the prefent plant and with each other, we can fee no reafon 
for retaining them as diftinft fpecies. But others may think 
differently ; by them, the varieties here given, may be pre- 
ferved as fpecies, with the names by which we have already 
diftinguifhed them in the prsfent work. Leaves from briftle- 
form threads to blades half an inch in breadth j ftem from one 
to eight or ten inches high, lnfecunda the rachis is clothed 
with a fhort denfe nap ; here the whole ftem is naked. Bloom 
fcentlefs. We had neglected to notice the ne&aries at the bafe 
of the corolla in our account of obiufata No. 672. Native of 
the Cape of Good Hope, from whence our prefent fpecimens 
were imported by Mefirs. Lee and Kennedy of Hammer- 
fmith. G. 



W^M 




p,.-%i»rTr, Jr -fr, r*6» 



C 12 5 5 ] 

Impatiens coccinea. Glandular-leaved 

Balsam. 

4HNNNMHNHNHH#4|HNHhH^ 

Oafs and Order* 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Syngenesia Monogamia. Linn. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cat. 2-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis, ne&ario cucullato. 
Anther* connatae. Cap/, fupera, 5-valvis, valvulis elaftice 
diffiiientibus. 

Specific Charatler. 

IMPATIENS coccinea; foliis alternis oblongo-ovalibus fer- 
ratis, petiolis multiglandulofis, pedunculis uni- 
floris aggregatis, neftariis incurvis florem fub- 
sequantibus. 

LACCA coccinea. Rumpf. Kerb. Amb. 6. p. 856. ? 



Desc. Stems ereft, fomewhat branched: branches alternate. 
Leaves alternate, oblong-oval, fmooth, pale underneath, fawed : 
teeth acuminate, rigid : ' footjlalks nearly the length of the lamina, 
Defet with a row of reddifh glands on each fide. Peduncles 
axillary, one-flowered, aggregate, after efflorefcence lengthened, 
Ijorizontal. Calyx two -leaved, falling, fcarcely coloured. 
Corolla large, fhewy, crimfon, variegated with white and dark. 
ft npes : upper petal roundifh, concave, terminated with a 
greenifh macro ; lower pair two-lobed, large, ftriped with 
w «ite along the middle ; intermediate ones fmall, nearly equal 
to the upper petal, and, like that, variegated with feveral dark 
fed ftreaks, connate at the bafe with the lower petals. Neftary 
cowl-ftaped, with a recurved fpur, nearly as long as the 
«ower. 

Native of the Eaft-Indies, whence the feeds were brought 

y Dr. Roxburgh. Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, 

worn his Botanic-Garden in Sloane-Street. Is a tender an- 

*>ual, requiring the fame treatment as the common garden 







- p " h ajr'F Curi^ i rt £e# .irefceTi-fJanl 1 Q /C . 






C 1258 ] 

Campanula barbata. Bearded Bell- 
flower. 

C/#/} a«i Order. 

PZNTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 
3 5-fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms, 

CAMPANULA barbata ,- capfuris obte&is, caule fimplici 

hifpido, foliis lanceolatis, corollis intus bar- 

batis cernuis fecundis. 
CAMPANULA barbata s capfulis quinquelocularibus obteftis 

caule fimpliciffimo unifolio, foliis lanceolatis, 

corollis barbatis. Sp, Pi, 236. Reich. 462. 

Willd. 1. p. 908. J acq. Obf. 2. p. 14. /. 37. 

Roth. Germ. II. 258. Allion. Pedem. n. 417. 

Krock. Silef. n. 321. /. 38. Scop, Ann. 2. 45. 

Hort. Kew. 1. p. 223. 
CAMPANULA caule fimplici, foliis ligulatis, afperis, petiolis 

unifloris, floribus hirfutis. Hall. Heh. n, 

CAMPANULA barbata; caule fimplici unifolio, calicibus 
obte&is, floribus barbatis pendulis. Villars 
r Dauph. 2. p. 511. 

CAMPANULA foliis Echii, floribus villofis. Bauh. Prod, 
D . ^ 37. /. 36. Pluh Phvt. t. 153. /. 6. 

WUNCULUS montanus. Bauh. Hfl. 2. 808./. 4. 
^AMPANULA Allionii, Villars v. 2. ^.512. /. 16. f 
** alpejlris. Allion. Ped, 418. 



Jnis fpecies of Campanula varies with white flowers, and, 
u s native alpine fituation, has generally a lefs divided ftem, 

fewer 



fewer flowers, generally from one to five, and narrower leaves, 
more refembling thofe of Echium vulgar e. Linnjeus de- 
fcribes the caplules as five-celled, but both Haller and 
K rocker fay it is three-celled; we had no opportunity of 
examining this circumftance; but, from the trifid ftigma, con- 
clude that our plant was three-celled. The capfules of many 
Campanulas are, however, fubjecl; to vary in the number of 
the cells of the fruit, even in the fame individual. 

Whether the Campanula Allioni of Villars be really 
different from the barbata> appears to us very doubtful ; the 
principal points which this author infifts upon, as marking a 
fpecific difference, are in direft oppofition to the obfervations 
of Allioni. What he fays of the leaves being more obtufe> 
even obovate, and the flowers larger and more inflated, cor- 
refponds with cur figure, and may lead to a doubt, if thefe 
plants are really different, to which of them ours belongs ; for 
the number of the flowers is often greatly increafed by culti- 
vation, and although Allioni fays his alpejiris has never 
more than one, yet this is contradicted by Villars. 

Native of the Alps of Switzerland, Piedmont, and Auftria. 
Introduced to our gardens by Doctors Pitcairn and Fo- 
thergill about the year 1775. Is a hardy perenial. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in the collection of 
E. J. A. Woodford, Efq. 




I b//: 



C "59 ] 

Ibbetsonia genistoides. Spotted- 
flowered Ibbetsonia. 

♦ ♦♦♦ »♦♦♦♦♦ »♦♦♦♦ <t ♦♦» 

C/d/} #>/i Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharatJer. 

Cal. bafi intrufus, 5-dentatus, dente imo longiore. Cor. 
papilionacea : vexillum maximum, emarginatum : carina in- 
flexo-mucronata, i2//jteBa. Legumen pedicellatum, oblongum, 
comprefTum, ftylo recurvo mucronatum, coriaceum, 1-loculare, 
polyfpermum. Sent, reniformia, glabra. Frutices projefluris* 
Jlipularibus, foliis ternatis, fortius axillaribus, bracleis caiyci- 
formibus. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IBBETSONIA geniftoides ; foliis glabris flore longioribus, 

floribus axillaribus folitariis maculatis. 
SOPHORA geniftoides; foliis ternatis feffilibus : foliolis li- 

nearibus. Sp. PL 534. Thunb. Prod. 79. 
PODALYRIA geniftoides ; foliis ternatis feflilibus, foliolis 

linearibus mucronatis margine revolutis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2. p. 502. 
GENISTA rofmarini folio triphyllos. Pluk. Amalth. t. 43. 

/. 5. Mant. p. 87. 
GOMPHCLOBIUM maculatum. Bot.Repof. 42 7. 



Desc. Stem fhrub':y, with long, ere£t, furrowed branches. 
Stipules cartilaginous projections, from the hollow of which 
the leaves arife. Leaves ternate, feffile, crowded together : 
leaflets linear, fmooth, longer than the flower. Peduncles 
about the length of the calyx, furnifhed at the bafe with three 
°r four roundiih concave bracles, refembling a fecond calyx, 

. Prcje3ura eft corticis prominentia, quam ftifuhrem voco dum foliis, 
*w8<elm dam floribus fuffulcrum prsbet, 

perfiftent. 



perfinent. Calyx intruded at the bafe, five-toothed, lowermoft 
tooth longer than the reft. Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum 
large, orbicular, emarginate, yellow with an irregular purplifh 
brown fpot at the bafe, from which flightly coloured veins 
extend near to the margin : carina incurved at the point and 
terminated with a beak (giving it fomewhat the appearance 
of a bird's head) covered by the al<e, which are oblong, very 
obtufe ; fhorter than the vexillum. Stamens ten, diftinft, in- 
ferted into a flefhy receptacle furrounding the bafe of the 
germett, which is oblong; attenuated at both ends : Jfyle long, 
afcending : jligma hairy. Legumen, in a native fpecimen, 
nearly two inches long, rather lefs than half an inch broad, 
flat, rugofe, woody, black, terminated with the recurved per- 
fiftent ftyle, and marked by the impreffion of the kidney- 
fhaped feeds, attached along the upper future. The outline 
added to our figure was taken from an imperfeel pod, pro- 
duced here, which contained no feeds. It was fufficient to 
ihew that the fhrub was no Gompholobium, as had been 
imagined. 

Mr. Salisbury, in the ninth volume of the TranfaQions 
of the Linnean Society, has very judicioufly remarked that 
the genus Sophora, as framed by Linn thus, -contains fe- 
veral very diftinQ; genera, and that Sophora genijloides, to 
which, he fays, may probably be added temata and triphylla 
of Thunberg, will conftitute one genus, of which, however, 
he has not favoured us either with the characters or a name. 
Thefe deficiencies we have attempted to fupply ; wifhing to 
dedicate this genus to Mrs. Agnes Ibbetson, the author 
of feveral very ingenious and inftruclive papers on vegetable 
phyfiology publifhed in Nicholson's Philosophical Journal. 

Befides Thun berg's fpecies, we think two or three very 
diltinct ones have hitherto been confounded under the name of 
genijloides. 

Native of the Cape- of Good Hope. Flowering with us 
at Midfumm'er, and requiring the protection of a greenhoufe. 
Our drawing was taken at Mr. Whitley's, Old-Bromptcm. 



[ 12^0 J 

Yucca gloriosa. Superb Adam's 
Needle. 

C/tf/i awJ Order. 
IIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid.fupra No. 900. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

YUCCA gloriofa; (caudex palmoideo-frutefcens ;) foliis comofo- 
fafciculatis confertis, lorato-lanceolatis, coriaceis, 
ftric~tis, longe acuminatis, fpina valida terrainatis, 
margine integerrima ; panicula remotius racemofa, 
pyramidata, fubaflurgenter divaricata ; corolla ovato- 
campanulata, pendulo-cernua ; laciniis ovato-acuijni- 
natis, intimis fubduplo latioribus ; filamentis flaccidis, 
clavatis, introrfum conduplicato-canaliculatis, minuta 
pube afperfis, corolla dimidio brevioribus ; amheris 
exiguis, cordatis, adnato-incumbentibus ; genuine 
columnari, rotundato-angulofo, fuleato, fuperneiur- 
gefcente, in fligmata triroftri-continua lineari-oblonga 
canaliculata parum divergentia abeunte. G. 

YUCCA gloriofa. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 457. Syft. Fegetab. 
Murr. 337. Hori. Ktw. 1. 409. IValt. hfor. Carol. 
124.. Michaux Flor. Bor-Amcr. 1. 196. VVilld. Sp. 
PL 1. 18-3. 

YUCCA foliis margine integerrimis. Hat. Ciff. 130.. Upf. 
88. Mill. DiH. ed. 7. u 

YUCCA gloriofa. Siricius bcfchr. derer in Gottorpf. gdrt. 
bluhend. Aloen. p. 61. A. D. 1705. Opufc. Bot. 
Bibl. Bankf. v. 27. 

Y. indica foliis Aloe* fl. albo. Barr. 70. t. 1194. 

*• / JUCCA. Park. Par. 434. tab. 435- /■ *• 

* ./• JUCCA peruana. Ger. Herb. Emac. 1543- Ic. 

HYIUCCA f. YUCCA canadana, noftris nunc Jucca gloriofa 
inodora. De Bry. Floril. Renov. tab. 142. op time. 
Bafil. 1644. apud Bibl. Bankf. 

CORDYLINE foliispungentibusintegerrinjis. Roy. Lugdb. 22. 

We 



We have never met with a figure of this fpecies in any of 
the more modern Botanical works. The plant given in 
Andrews's Botanift's Repolitory, plate 473, under the 
name of ghriofa y is aloifolia % a very diftinct fpecies ; in 
that the trunk reaches from fix to ten feet in height, here 
from fix inches to two feet ; in that the leaves have a narrow 
finely crenulate cartilaginous edging, here they are quite 
entire ; in that the panicle is much clofer, the racemelets 
more thickly befet with Howers, the corolla larger and longer 
with fegments farther acuminate and purple on the outfide, 
and has before expanfion a remarkable aflurgent curvature, 
as if reverfedly beaked ; the branchlets of the panicle are 
likewife more lax and drooping. The inflorefcence in the 
prefent fpecies is generally about three feet high ; the caudex 
often garnifhed with leaves down to the ground, fometimes 
naked for near two feet. The bloom is without fcent. Na- 
tive of Carolina, where it was found by Michaux growing 
near the fea. Known in our gardens as far back as the time 
of Parkinson and Gerard. Blooms about Auguft. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in Mr. Malcolm's 
greenhoufe at Kenfington. G. 



-V'/i/v 



^ 




[ 126l 3 

Iris pumila, var. violacea. Violet-blue 
dwarf Flag. 

♦ ♦ ♦♦ .♦.♦>♦ ♦.*♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ■ 

Specific Characler, &c. See above, No. 1 209. 

Among the gardeners, the prefent plant has pretty generally 
paflecl for the Linnean bijiora • and, if we are to take the 
fpecies from the fpecimen depofited by Linnaeus in Clif- 
ford's Herbarium, and made to refer to the fpecies in his 
thrifts Oiffortianus correfponding with the biflora of his 
Species Plantarum, the gardeners may be right ; for that is 
certainly pumila. But if we found the fpecies on the plant 
cued bv Linn/eus from Besler's Hortus Eyftettevfis as a 
fynonym, and affume that he has erroneoufly judged the 
above fpecimen to be the fame with the plant represented in 
that work ; then bijiora certainly is a very diftincx fpecies 
from pumila, and moil probably a dwarf fpecimen of the fub- 
biflora of No. 1130 of the prefent work. From a fpecimen 
out of the Kew Gardens preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, 
we have little doubt but that the biflora of Hortus Kewenfis 
ts likewife the fame fpecies with our fubbiflora. We have 
never feen the fpecimen in Linn^eus's Herbarium, and his 
defcription gives no clue beyond the above fynonym. We 
mould obferve, that the length of the leaves and ftem, in re- 
lation to each, is in this genus of no avail in fpecific diftinc- 
tion. The prefent is the handfomeft of all the varieties of 
Pumila t as well as one of the rareft. We have ufually found 
u preferved in a frame ; perhaps it is tenderer than the 
others. G. 



CORRIG ENDA. 

No. 986. In enumerating as diftinft the Iris microptera 
(feorpioides. Desfont. Flor. Atl. tab. 6.) and alata, we find that 
^ e have been mifled by the figure in the above-cited work of 
M. Desfontaines, where the three <fmajler fegments of the 

corolla 



corolla are reprefented upright, inftead of horizontally 
patent, as in the living plant. Indeed the entire corolla in 
that figure is very unfaithfully given, and evidently done 
from a dried plant. So that the fuppofed two fpecies fhould 
form but one, under Lamarck's name of alata, and our ob- 
fervation of " differt infequenti, &c." be expunged ; adding 
to the fynonymy, Iris fcorpioides. Lil. a Redout e, tab. 211. It 
is a very beautiful fpecies, nearly allied to perfica, formerly 
well known in our gardens, but now entirely loft. It has 
lately appeared in thofe at Paris, fo that we hope it will in due 
time find its way acrofs the Channel. G. 



Addenda et Corrigenda. 

No. 1225, 1. 33, poft *' 196." infere *' Vahl Enum. 2. 49. *. 2." 
No. 670, 1. 27, dele, ** tab. 18./. 2." IniDtviJloreKtixam fpeftantC». 
No. 1208, 1. 35, fro '* longifoliam" lege " longifloram." 
No. 1252, 1. 28, fra •* knccolatis." lege " lanceolatis." 




Wnfo 



-'. 6-& 



[ 12(32 ] 

Narcissus triandrus, vL luteus. Yellow 
reflex-flowered narcissus. 

44 4hI -# '%-% *#♦♦ ■ » 44 4+4 

Generic Cbaracler. — Vid.fupra N is - 924 ct 925. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms, 

NARCISSUS triandrus ; ( 1— 2-fiorus ; Jlamina alterna titbn 
recondita y alterna intra cdronam prominnla ;) 
foliis paucis (1 — 4), femicylindraceo-fubulatis, 
convoluto-canaliculatis ; fcapo terete, altiore ; 
fpatha pedicello fubifometra ; corolla cernua ; 
germine ovali-trigono quam tubus 4-pJo bre- 
viore ; tubo trigono-cylindrico, latefcente ; 
limbo quam is parum breviore ; laciniis rctro- 
flexis, ovali-oblongis, aequalibus, fubobliquis,, 
minute rugofuiis, obtufiufculis euro mucronu'.o ; 
corona grandiufcula, cylindraceo - cupulata, 
quam limbus dimidio breviore, fubcrenulato- 
repanda, verticaliterplicato-ftriatula; filamentis 
adnatis ; amheris fagittato-oblongis ; ftylo pro- 
minentibus tribus fublongiore. G. 

NARCISSUS triandrus. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 416. Curt. 
fupra No. 48. Syfi. Veg. Murr. 317. Hort. Kew, 
1. 409. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 37. 

NARCISSUS calathinus. LiL a Redout e t tab. 177 ; exclufis 
fynonymis. 

N. juncifolius flore albo reflexo.— calyce alboreflexis foliis 

lutcis.— — calyce luteoreflexisfoliisalbidis. 

flore albo reflexo. Park. Par. p.92. ft. albo 

reflexo. Id. tab. 93. /. 2. cal. luteo reflexis 

fol. albidis. Id. L c.f. 3. 

N. juncifolius reflexus fl. albo. There are 3 or 4 reflex Jun- 
quilias; 1. yellow : 2. all white ; 3. cup yellow, 
petals white ; 4. white cup t yellow petals. Ger. 

i_ Herb. Emac. 128. 

<N. anguftifolius albus calyce oblongo floreque reflexo. 

momanus juncifolius calyce flavo. Rudb, Ely/. 

Vr • 74' /• *• 2 - 

^ juncifolius, albo flore reOexo, Quf* App< Alt. 

The 



The three alternate ftamens in this fpecies are often fo 
deeply concealed within the tube of the corolla, that, unlcfs 
purpofely and carefully fought for, they are very eafily over- 
looked, efpecially in the dried plant ; to fuch overfight we 
moft probably owe the Linnean name of triandrus. It is a 
very variable plant as to colour of the flower and number of 
the leaves ; the variation in the length of the ftyle is very 
confiderable, yet common to many fpecies of this genus y 
taking place even in different flowers on the fame Item, 
Redoute has miftaken it for the calathinus of Linnaeus* 
Native of the Pyrenees ; and lately found by Monf. Bonn fi- 
at aison in the department of Finifterre. Flowers in May. 
Our drawing was taken from a plant in Mr. Vere's collection 
at Kenfington. G. 



Tff&fa , 




-^zw. 



[ 1263 ] 

iMliMOSA PUBESCENS. HaIRY-STEMMED 

Mimosa. 

Oafs and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MoNCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. Stam.fr vel plura. 
rV* u Legumen. Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. Stam. 
5— 10-plura. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MIMOSA pubefcens s ramis hirfutis, petiolis eglandulofis, 
folns abrupte bipinnatis fubo&ojugis : pinnis fub- 
quindecem-jugis : foliolis obtulis, racemis axil* 

^ laribus folitariis, capitulis globofis pedicellatis. 

MIMOSA pubefcens j fubhirfuta, petiolo eglandulofo, pinnis 
foliolifque 10 — 12-jugis, racemis axillaribus foli- 
tariis, foliis brevioribus. Vent. Hort. Malm. 21. 

MIMOSA fuaveokns. Donn Hort. Cantab, p. 222 ? 



nY u SCR " Stem arborefcent : branches drooping, very hairy, 

'ckly clothed with leaves, which are alternate, abruptly 

°ubly pinnate, the pinna moftly about eight pair ; the lower 

, nes fhorteft, and the one or two lowermoft reflected round 

e branch, fo as to appear like ftipules ; leaflets about fixteen 

P^ lr > oblong, obtufe, fmooth ; common fooijia'k hairy, without 

onl f that of the P innae marginate, nearly naked, or having 

. 7 a few fcattered hairs. Flowers grow in racemes fingly 

° m tlle axils of the leaves, on long, flightly hairy peduncles : 

feftl alterna te, the length of the capitula, which are per- 

in th ^^ ular * th - e * lze or a P ea > extremely fragrant, efpecially 

mead evenin §» finelling like Tonquin bean or frefh-made 

,L a ?°l v na y. Bracles minute, fcariofe, foon falling, a pair X' 

^bafe of each pedicle. 

JUSSIEU 



Jussieu has remarked, that the numerous fpecies of Mimofa 
mult hereafter be divided into diliincl genera, according to 
the number of their ftamens and the form of their feed-pod. 
Willdenow, by reftoring Tourn efort's Acacia and Plu- 
wier's Inga, has done this in part. But his diviiion appear- 
ing to us inefficient, we prefer the continuing to give the 
fpecies, as they may occur, under Mimofa, until forne Botanift 
fhall have made a fcientific arrangement of the whole, as the 
only way to avoid the frequent changing of names. 

When planted in the border of the conservatory, this makes 
a very elegant tree, with long pendent branches, thickly clothed 
with a beatiful foliage, and covered in the fpring with a pro 
fufton of fragrant flowers. Altogether, it is one of the greateft 
ornaments of the greenhoufe; but being difficultly propagated, 
except by feeds, which it will not produce in this country, it 
is not likely to become very common. Native of New South- 
Wales. Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Lee and Ken- 
nedy's nurfery at Hammerfmith. 



fflrff 




[ 1264 ] 

nlgella orientalis. oriental fennel- 

Flower. 

•^HJHfc iNs- & *# #♦ <h| j|hMi $*$--$- 

C/tz/f «//</ Order. 

PliNTANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Oil. o. IWnfo 5. Neclaria 8. Gx/>£ 5 — 10, plus minufve 

coalitae. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

NlGELLA orient alt s ; piftillis fubdenis corolla longioribus, 

capfulis fubdiltinftis, feminibus compreffis mar- 

ginatis. 
NlGELLA orient a 1 is ; piflillis denis corolla Jongioribus. Sp. 

PJ' 753* Reich. 2. 662. Willd. 2. 1249. Hort. 

CI iff'. 215. 2. Hort. Up/. 153. Hort. Kezv. 2. 249. 

Mart. Mill. Did. n. 5. Gatrt. Frucl. 2. 174. /. 

1 18. /. 1. Mill. Icon. 187. /. 1. 
NlGELLA Chalepcnfis lutea corniculis longioribus. Mori/. 

Hift. 3. p. 516. §. 12. /. 18. /. 10. Raj. Suppl, 

525- 



The number of the piftils, in this genus, is fo fubjeci to 
varv, even in the lame plant, that very little dependance can 
be placed upon it; we have in our poiTeffion a fpecimen of 
the fptcies here figured in fruit, in which there are conftantly 
0I1 'y two capf'ules. The young Botanift will be liable to be 
v er y much puzzled in examining fume of the fpecies, N. da- 
toafcena for inftance, to understand why Linnaeus Ihould 
peak of feveral germens and feveral capfules, when there 
Ppears to be only one, divided into cells ; but upon becoming 
ette r acquainted with the ftruclure of the fruit in other 

plants 



plants of the fame natural order, he will find that this is theo- 
retically correct ; moft of the genera having feveral capfules 
which are either quite diftinct, or more or lefs united. The 
fruit of the prefent fpecies illuftrates this explanation exceed- 
ingly well, the capfules being entirely diftinct, except at their 
inner edge, where they are united from the bafe to about the 
middle : in N. hifpanica, figured in the next plate, the capfules 
are much more united, but are ftill diftincl at their backs ; in 
N. iamajcena they are fo perfectly united, that there is no trace 
left of diftinct. capfules, except at their very extremity, where 
they open at the inner future to difcharge the feeds. The 
ftudent may be Mill more perplexed by two apparent mifprints; 
one is, that wherever the effential or abbreviated character 
is prefixed to the genus the nectaries are uniformly faid to 
be five, but in all the editions of the Genera Plantarum 
that we have feen, where the characters are given at length, 
the nectaries are faid to be eight, we conclude therefore that 
the figure 5 was in the firft inftance a mifprint for &, The 
other fuppofed miftake, is not fo certain ; but in the Genera 
Plantarum, where it is faid ** germina convexa" we conclude 
that connexa was the word intended, as the former word gives no 
precife idea ; and we are confirmed in this opinion, by the 
printer of Willdenow's edition of the Species Plantarum 
having fallen into the very fame error, by changing capfulae 
connex<e into convexa. 

According to Morison, the Nigella orientalis was in- 
troduced into this country, from Aleppo, by the Reverend 
Mr. Harrington, chaplain to the faftory there. It is a hardy 
annual, requiring the fame treatment as laid down from 
Miller, at No. 22, in the firft volume of this Work. Drawn 
at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, Sloane-Street. Flowers 
in July and Auguft. 




ss 






* 



C 1265 ] 

NlGELLA HISPANICA. SPANISH FeNNEL- 

Flower. 

%- fc &~fr £■# *# $£% s£- ■£ jHfr *- ^ ft 

Clafs and Order* 

PoLYANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA* 

Generic Cbaracler. — Fid. No. 1264. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

MGELLA hifpanica; piftillis fubdenis corollam aequantibus, 

fru£lu turbinato angulato : roftris radiatis apice 

contortis. 
NlGELLA hifpanica ; piftillis denis corollam aequantibus. 

Hort. Up/. 154. Sp. PL 753. Reich. 2. 622. 

PVilld. 2. 1249. S&te. Monfp. 253. Mariyn Mill. 

Ditl. n. 4. 
NlGELLA hifpanica t ' piftillis fuboflonis ; caule angulato, 

foliis multifariam decompofitis ; capfulis fuperne 

intus membranaceis. Desf. Fl. Ail. 1. p. 430. 

/. 12. 

NlGELLA latifolia. Mill. Dic7. 6. 

MGELLA latifolia flore majore fimplici caeruleo. Batih. Pin. 
145. Prod. 75. Tournef. Inft. 258. Setter FL 
Hifp. 5. p. 492. 
NlGELLA hifpanica flore amplo. Ger. Emac. 1085. /. 6. 
Raj. Hijl. 1071. Morif. Hijl. 3. />. 516. {. 12. 
t. iB.f. 9. 
NlGELLA hifpanica flore fimplici. Park. Par ad. 287. t. 285. 
/. 9. pro fynonymo N. damafcen£> No. 22. hujus 
operis errore citatum. 
MELANTHIUM hifpanicum majus. Hort.Eyjl.Ord.Mft. 2. 
. p. 10. /. ii. 

vanat petalis pallide caeruleis et purpurafcentibus. 



Nigella hifpanica is at once diftinguifhed from N. dama- 
Jcena (!\ T , 22) by the want of the leafy involucre, with which 

the 



the flower of the latter is curioufly (unrounded ; and from all 
the other fpecies, by the ftyles becoming fo patent as to form 
a radiated crown to the top-fhaped fruit. The back of the 
feparate capfules ftand out in angles, and are covered with 
glandular excrefcences. 

That this is Miller's lati folia, appears from his fpecimen 
preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium. 

Although cultivated in our gardens as long ago as the days 
of Parkinson, and bearing more fhewy flowers than any ol 
the other fpecies, and equally hardy, yet it is far lefs common 
than Love in a Mift, whofe lingular involucre appears to 
have much attracted the attention of florifts. 

Native of Spain and the coaft of Barbary. Is an annual, 
and requires the fame treatment as Nigel la damafcena ; 
flowers in June and July, and ripens its feeds in Auguft. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden, Sloane-Street. 



JWtMft 




Ji*i&rZ?CUn 



[ 1265 ] 

Garidella Nigellastrum. Fennel- 
leaved Garidella. 

«i, a, j, »i, ^ J» A jt, .J. *»» jitAg.A.jkJt^A.A^lt jte. 
If? "3fS"^C •>,*' VjV •sje-v,d«» Tjs T«,» Sp Sjj! *J» * ( ^ '{• v *r 'J* ^K 

Cla/s and Order. 

DtCANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Cbarafter. 

Cat. o. Petal a 5. Nefiaria 5, bilabiata, bifida. Cap/. 3, 
connexae polyfpermae. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

GARIDELLA Nigellqftrum. Sp. PL 608. Reich. 2. 368. 

IVilld. 2. 73 11 //or/. Cliff. 170. Hor/. ty/. 

108. Hort. Kew. 2. 103. A'«/>&. tent. 10. 

». 45. Afar/. Mill. Diet. Cert. Frucl. 2. 

175. /. 118./. 2. ^//w». Ped. n. 1681. ffitfgrv 

Daupb. n. 433. 
GARIDELLA foliis tenuiflime divifis. bourne/. Injl. 66*5. 

Garid. Prov. 203. /. 39. 
NIGELLASTRUM raris et fceniculaceis foliis. Magn. Hort. 

143. 
NIGELLA cretica folio fceniculi. Bauh. Pin. 146. Mm/. 

//,/?. 3. p. 516. j. 12. /. 18. /. 6. Par*. 

Herb. 1376. 6. /?*/. ##. 1071. 9. 



The name of Garidella was given to this plan by Tour- 
-Nejort in honour of Pierre Jos. Garidel, M.D. Prof, of 
Anatomv at Aix, in Provence, who firft gave an accurate de- 
scription and figure of this curious vegetable. It has a very near 
affinity with Nigella, as may be feen by comparing 1* with the 
two preceding articles ; although having ufually no more than 
ten flamens and three piftils, it is neceffarily arranged under a 
different clafs and order in the fexual fyftem. We cannot, 
however, fee the propriety of calling the correfponding organs 
in Nigella and Garidella by different names ; on which account 



we have changed the language of the generic character in the 
latter to preferve a uniformity, as we can fee no reafon for 
naming the petals of Garidella a calyx, unlefs, with Jussieu, 
we call them fo in the whole natural order. In Garidella the 
nectaries, though bilabiate, and poffeffing a general fimilarity 
with thofe of Nigella, bear a very different proportion to the 
petals ; in the latter they are very fmall in proportion to the 
petals, which in Garidella they exceed in length. In this 
refpeft, of the two Nig ell as figured in this number, the 
orientalis approaches much nearer to Garidella than the 
bifpanica. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's, at the fame 
time with the others. This is alfo an annual ; a native of the 
South of France and of Italy ; and requires the fame treat- 
ment. 



-d£ 




Vd^mdrS^, J&jrZT&M- ^V~.<V&»"**^iWjJHtoK F/*'>fl>^ S*~ /f 



C ™g 7 ] 

Crocus serotinus. Mountain Crocus. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1110. 

Specific Charatter and Synonyms. 

CROCUS Serotinus ,• (autumnalis s hivalvis ,• Jubuniflorus 1) 
bulbo-tuberis membranis lentis ftupaceo-fibrofis 
pallide fufcis ; fafciculo partiali fubquadrifolio 
fimul cum flore emicante ; corollas fauce intus 
obfoletiffirae pubefcente ; ftigmatibus anguftis, com- 
prefle cucullatis, ereflis, multipartitis, antheras 
exfuperantibus, inclufis. G. 

CROCUS Serotinus* Farad. Lond. tab. 30. Nobis fupra 
No. mi, in Spec. Synth. 

C. autumnalis campeftris. Ad exempt fpont a - in Herb. Pallaf. 
penes Dn. A. B. Lambert cum aliis byzantini inter- 
mix t a* Num unius et ejufdem fpeciei f 

C. alpinus autumnalis. Flores modo candicantes modo pur- 
purafcentes inftar fativi fed dilutiores et minores. 
Rudb. Ely/, tab. 118. fig. 1. 

C. montanus autumnalis. Park. Farad. 168. t. 169. /. 5. 

CROCUM montanum. I. OuJ. Hiji. 2. 208. Hifp. 264. 

Pie di Borro. q. e. Pes Afini. Lufitanis. 



Desc. Bulb-tuber larger and flatter in the cultivated than 
] n the fpontaneous plant, yet twice fmaller than that of Saffron 
(fativus) ; root-Jheatbs fomewhat tawny ; corolla of a faint 
violet-purple ,- ftigmas of a bright orange colour ; blooms with 
us in mild feafons from the end of October till December. 
Although known in our gardens for more than two centuries, 
ls n °w but very rarely to be met with in them. Had been 
entirely overlooked by more modern Botanifts, until lately 
oefcribed in the Paradifus Londinenfis. Found by Clusius 
m Portugal, where it grows on rocks near the iea-coaft ; by 
Pallas and Georgi in the Crimea and more ibuthern de- 
partments of the Ruffian empire, along with the " Clotn of 
Gold fpecies" (fufianus, No. 652), the « Scotch Crocus" (bi- 

fiorns > 



jterus, No. 845) and nudifiorus. We have to thank Mr. 
Haworth for the fpecimen from which our drawing was 
taken ; we faw others in the nurfery of Meffrs. Gibbs and Co. 
at Old-Brompton. G. 



NO T E. 

GLADIOLUS imbricatus. Linn. Sp. PI. edt. 1. v. 1. />. 37* 
edit, 2. v, l. p. 52. Syfl. Peg, Mum ed. 14. 
86. (jcorgi. bcjihr. des rujj. rcithf. v. 4. pars 3. 
p. 668. IVilid, Sp. PL 1. 212. Fab/. Enum. 
v. 2. p. 79. n. 4. 

From very peffeQ fpecimens in Mr. Lambert's Pallafian 
Herbarium we 6»d, that the above plant is the fame fpecies 
with thtfegetum of the prefent work ; (fee No. 719 and 992 /» 
Spec. Ejium. pag. alt.). V fies, as ufual with its congeners, 
corni'ier-ibi, in Cze hu'rrVber ar.d clofenefs of the flowers ; 
which a:e from fcarcely Que to more than two inches long. 
Taken up by Likn.eus in the fnft edition of his Species 
Plantarum, where it follows communis ; from which he dip 
tinguifhes it by clofer or imbricate flowers. SufpeHing that it 
did net really differ from fegetu,;^ we had omitted it in our 
enumetz.tion of the fpecies in No. 992. In fome refpefts the 
fpecies has a nearer c'ln.iy to Amtholyza than to Gla- 
diolus, efpecially by the globular feeds, where the albumen 
fills the entire cavity of the ttfia ; as well as by the two 
remarkable feneftrate interitices between the ungues of the 
two upper lateral and the upper central fegments of the 
Corolla. Found by Pallas in Georgia and ieveral diftri&s 
of Southern Rufiia along with communis; by Sibthorpe . m 
Greece. Should now be added to fe get urn as a lynonym; or 
imbrkalui retained for the name of the fpecies, and that ot 
fcgcum laid aiide. It might peihaps more properly be placed 
under Antholyza, next to montana. G. 



jpjtfs.. 




Del. 2h£Sr'lP Ciir&j- J?6mrZnflmt&4bx£l 



[ 1268 ] 

Aponogeton angustifolium. Narrow- 
leaved Aponogeton. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria {ad Dodecandri am) Tetragynia. 

Generic Character. 

Amentum e fquamis compofitum. Caf. o. Cor. o. CapfuU 
4, trifpermae. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

APONOGETON angufiifolium : fpica bifida, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis ereflis, brafteis bipartkis, flo- 
ribus hexandris. Hort. Kew. 1. 495. Willd. 
Sp. PL v. 2. 928. 



This had been confounded by Linnaeus with dijlachyon, that 
having been made by him to vary with from fix to twelve fta- 
mens. The leaves are here narrower than in diftachyon, and 
tapered at each end. Raches pale- red. Flowers few. Braf/es 
white, red at their bafe, two-parted almoft to the bottom (or 
two, if you will), fegments linear-oblong. Stamens fix, 3 — 4 
times fhorter than bracles. Styles 3. We did not fee the plant 
lr > bloom, but have tranflated the defcription from Hortus 
Kewenfis. 

Introduced into this country in 1788, by Mr. F. Masson. 
Native of the Cape of Good Hope. A water-plant. The 
bulbs of dijlachyon are faid to be eaten when roafted ; fo 
nioft probably are thofe of this clofely allied fpecies. Blooms 
moft. p ar t Q f the year. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in Mr. Swain son'* 
confervatorv at Twickenham. G. 




-ZM-brTa 



[ 1269 ] 

LACHENALIA ORCHIOIDES(ct). SpOTTED- 

leaved Orchis-like Lachenalia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. — Fid. N is - 745, 854, et 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, — See ahove No. 854 ,* where 
in line 14, for " anguilifolia" read " lanceaefolia." 

LACHENALIA orchioides.—Fid. No. 854. 

(a) foliis maculatis ; fioribus albido-fulphureis, fuaveolenti-. 

bus. G. Jacq. Coll. 3. 241. lc. Rar. 2. /. 390. 
HYACINTHUS orchioides ; africanus ; major; bifolius, 
maculatus, flore fulphureo obfoleto ma- 
jo re. Breyn, Prod. II, p. 72. Ic, Rar. 23. 
tab. XL fig. 2. 

Obs. " Hyacinthus orchioides aphyilus jerpentarius major ; Breyn. 
Prod, 24. tab. XL f. 3" pro bujus varietatis fynonimo a IVilldenovio in 
Spec. Plant, allegatus, revera ad Lachenaiiam hyacinthoidem 
Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 173. Jacq. lc. Rar. 2. 382 pirtinet. G. 



This is a far more ornamental variety than that which has 
been already given in No. 854 of the prefent work ; it is 
Hkewife very fragrant. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Loddiges's Nurfery at 
Hackney. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. G, 



./ /2J0 




r L r a „/l-T. 



C !27° ] 

Aloe mitr^formis. Mitre Aloe, 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 765. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE mitraformis ; (caudefcens ,- caudex in annofioribus 
deorfum nudus g corolla e grandioribus ;) foliis amplexi- 
caulibus, fparfim ambientibus, confertis, ovato acu- 
minatis, afturgenter convergentibus, margine fpinofo- 
dentatis, nunc acumina pauca brevia dorfo vage ex- 
ferentibus ; caule ramofo ; racemis denfioribus, fenfim 
oblonge produ&is ; pedunculis afcendentibus, braftea 
multum longioribus j corolla fexpartita, refta, cylin- 
dracea, pendulo-cernua, pedunculis fere aequali ; fta- 
minibus alternis longioribus corollae fubifometris. G. 

ALOE mitraformis. Mill. Dift. ed. 8 «. 1. Haworth on Aloe 
in Linn. Tratif. 7. 23. Decand. PL graffes. 99. cum 
tab. 

A. perfoliata. x. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 186. 

A. perfoliata. 0. mitraeformis. Hort. Kew.t. 467. 

A. perfoliata. v. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. v. 1. 458. 

A. pitta, v. Thunb. Dijf. de Aloe. 6. n. 4. 

A. africana ; caulefcens ; folio craffo, obfcure viridi, fpinis ad 
latera et in dorfo armato. Boerh. ind. alt. 2. 131. 
n. 39. 

A. africana mitriformis fpinofa. Dillen. Hort. Elth. 21. tab. 17. 

ATA ./• *9- 

ALOES mitre. Lam. Dicl. Encyc. 



In young plants the Jlem is fliort and entirely covered with 

eaves, in procefs of time the lower ones fall off, while the 

"em attains from two to fix feet in height, when the greater 

part 



part becomes woody and' naked ; leaves fhortifh in proportion 
to the ftem, thick, fucculent, brittle, very fmooth, convex at 
the back, deprefied on the upper fi.de, marginal teeth cartila- 
ginous, generally whitifh, rather diftant but regular ; floiver- 
fialk branched, from one to three feet high j in young iierile 
plants the upper leaves converge more remarkably than 
in old flower-bearing ones; in the winter they are fometimes 
clouded with a purplifh-brown tint ; corolla bright deep fcarlet 
with a greenifh brim. Blooms from July to December. Should 
be kept in the dry ftove. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Propagated by fuckers and feeds ; from which lad Miller. 
has railed the plant, but did not find it vary in the extraordinary- 
way that Linn.j5.us fuppofed. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic- 
Garden, Sioane-Square. G. 



E R RA T A. 

No. 1045, !• *3» P n **■ cujus ungues imo fcrobiculati, melliferij" l*g* " irnis 

unguibus fcrobiculo mellifero cxfculptis j" 
No. 1091, 1. 23, fro ** appifta" lege " appafta." 
No. 1261, U 24, after " each" add " other." 






u\; ;zji 




Zh£ AA 



[ 1271 ] 

DlOSMA SPECIOSA. UMBEL-FLOWERED 
DlOSMA. 

*♦ »*♦♦»»! ♦%♦*» »! » 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character* 

Cor. 5-petala. Neclaria 5 fupra germen. Cap/, 3 feu 5, 
coalitas. Sem. calyptrata. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms, 

DlOSMA fpeciofa ; floribus terminalibus umbellatis, foliis 
oblongo-obovatis fubtus pun&atis margine glandulofo- 
crenulatis fubciliatis, petiolis bafi biglandulofis. 

DlOSMA unifiora. Bank/. Herb, ex Hort. Kew. 4 

(*) umbellis multifloris (1 — 12) ramis arcuatim afcendentibus. 

DlOSMA umhellata. Hortulanorum. 

(/3) umbellis paucifloris (1 — 2) ramis ere&is. 

DlOSMA rugofa. Bonn Hort. Cantab, vix Thunbergii. 



Desc. Stem a foot or a foot and half high : tranches 
amending, rough with the veftiges of fallen leaves, reddifh 
brown. Petals fhort, broad, with a pair of globular dark- 
coloured glands at their bafe. Leaves fcattered, rather 
crowded : lower ones reflexed, upper ones ereft, oblong- 
obovate, fomewhat pointed, pun&ate underneath, fmooth 
above, margins fumifhed with thinly fcattered hairs, fcarcely 
revolute but fomewhat thickened by a row of glands, which 
S»ve them an appearance as if minutely crenate, efpecially 
towards their bafe. When bruifed, they have a ftrong aro- 
matic fcent, without any of the difagreeable odour fo common 
n l his genus. Flowers growing in terminal umbels from one 
*° eight, large, fimilar to thofe of Diosma unifiora, No. 273, 
^aiyx 5-cleft ; leaflets lanceolate, red on the inner fide and 

dotted 



dotted on the outer, feratles feveral, narrow-lanceolate at the 
bale of the calyx. Corolla of five, large, rounded-ovate petals, 
white, ftreaked with crimfon and ftained with the fame colour 
on the outfide near the tips. Stamens five fertile and five 
fterile, placed alternately and inferted into a glandular belt 
furrounding the germen : Anthers on the fertile ftamens longer 
than the filaments, and terminated with a greenifh glandular 
fubftance ; the tips of the barren filaments are furnifhed with a 
fimilar gland. Germen green, hemifpherical, with five glan- 
dular points : Style fhorter than ftamens, at the firft expansion 
of the flower recurved, afterwards erecl. : Stigma torulufe. 

Although very nearly related to D. uniflora, we do not 
hefitate to confider this fpecies as diftincl from Diosma 
uni flora, although very nearly related to it, efpeciaily from 
the prefence of a pair of remarkable glands at the bafe of 
the footftalks of every leaf, which in unijlora, if not entirely 
wanting, are barely viable in the old leaves only : a charafter 
firft pointed out to us by Mr. George Loddiges. The 
habits of the plants are alio confiderably different, the leaves 
in uniflora are not only much fmaller and narrower, but more 
revolute and more glaucous on the under furface ; the calyx 
too is lefs pun&ate and more ciliate than in fpeciofa ; the 
young branches are more decidedly quadrangular and pu- 
befcent. In variety (j3), the rugofa of Donn, the glands at the 
bafe of the petiole are the fame as in fpeciofa, but perfectly 
Jmooth, not villous, .as Thunberg defcribes his plant. 
Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges. Native of the Cape. 
Flowers in May and June. Requires the fhelter of a green- 
houfe. Propagated by cuttings. 



W: 




nper^gmmOk va -At&^-Z*/9Mfe>, 



[ 12 7 2 ] 

LOMATIA SILAIFOLIA. SlJLPHUR-WORT- 

LEAVED LOMATIA. 

C&/i </«</ Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. irregularis, foliolis diftinftis fecundis. Stamina apicibus 
concavis calycis immerfa. GlanduU hypogynas 3, fecundae. 
Ovarium pedicellatum, polyfpermum. Stylus perfiftens. Stigma 
obliquum, dilatatum, fubrotundum, planiufculum. Fotliculns 
ovali-oblongus. Semina apice alata : ala marginata difco evaf- 
culofo. 

Habitus. Fnuices. Folia uHerna % in plerifque divifj, 
vel dent at a> rarius iutegerrima, quandoque in eodem f nit ice varia. 
Racemi terminates, intcrdum axitlares, elongati t laxi y nee abhre- 
vtaft, corymbo/i t paribus pcdicellorum uni-bratleatis. Flores 
ochrolcuci. Involucrum milium. Semen nucleus farina Jul phurea 
eonfperfus. 

Etym. Aw^a, margo, ob feminum alam marginatam. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOMATIA fdaifolia 1 folii* bipinnatifidis glaberrimis : pin- 
nulis cuneato-liuearibus lanceolatifve incifis acutis 
mucronatis reticulato-venofis, racemis glaber- 
rimis elongatis divifis fimplicibufve. Brown Pro- 
teaceae in Act. Soc. Linn. v. 10. p. 199. 

EMBOTHRIUM Jilaifolmnu Smith New HolU 23. /. 8. Willa\ 
- Sp. PL 1. p. 537. 

EMBOTHRIUM berbaceum. Cav. Ic. 4. p. 58. /. 383, 384. 

TRICON DY LV S Jllazf alius. Saliflury in Knight Prota<e % 
p. 122. 

OREVILLEA filaifolia. Donn Hort. Cant. 26. 



We have borrowed our generic and fpecific chara&er from 
Mr. Brown's E flay on the Proteace/e ofjussi&u, now 

in 



in the prefs. It muft be remarked that our author follows 
Jussieu in calling that part a calyx, which we, in conformity 
with the Linnean language, have elfewhere termed the co- 
rolla. Perhaps we might, with quite as much propriety, 
fay that thefe flowers have* neither calyx nor corolla, but 
only ftamens furrounding the piftillum. But as Dr. Smith 
has obferved, in his Introduction to Botany, difputing about 
names is endlefs. 

This is a beautiful low fhrub, and has as yet but rarely 
flowered in our gardens. The plant from which our drawing 
was taken, was communicated by MeiTrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
in July i8c8. 

Native of the neighbourhood of Port-Jackfon in New- 
Holland. Is propagated by layers. Requires the flielter of 
a greenhoule. 



\ 



J/&2/J. 




r^^^dmrdr.Da. JU^TO^i'J'f/^ .^WUfcrfM J?J*qfo*J*" 



C ^73 ] 

CYNA.NCHUM DISCOLOR. VlRGINIAN 

Cynanchum. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler, 
Contorta. Neelarium cylindricum, 5-dentatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CYNANCHUM difcolor ; caule volubili hirto, foliis cordatis, 
corymbis axillaribus, pedunculo communi 
petiolis longiore, corollis difcoloribus : la- 
ciniis lineari-Ianceolatis. 

CYNANCHUM virginicum. Bank/. Herb. 

*<c*KIPLOCA late-Jcandens : floribus viridibus, in centro 
cupreo-fufcis : foliis ovato-cordatis, molli- 
bus : filiquis maximis glabris quinquefulcatis. 
Gronov. FL Virgin. 4°* p. 36 ? 



The Cynanchum difcolor is very nearly related both to 
taTolinenfe and fuberofum, efpecially to the latter, from which 
11 Js principally diftinguifhed by the common peduncle being 
longer than the petiole, and hairy, which mfubero/um is fhorter 
ar >d villous. From carolinenje it differs, in having longer, 
narrower, and lefs obtule petals, and in its leaves being larger, 
broader, more hairy, and of a darker green colour. 

Native of Virginia and Carolina in North-America. We 
have no where feen this rare plant but in the very extenfive 
c olieQion of Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, at Hammerfmith, 
where our drawing was made in Auguft. Jt is probably a 
efficiently hardy perennial to bear the cold of our ordinary 
timers. 



% m»ff. 




fp^ 




$9£&*m*>&,£. JL2.$v $? Otrfo* Jft 



C !274 ] 

DlLLWYNIA OBOVATA. CrOSS-LEAVED 
DlLLWYNIA, 

♦#♦#♦ ♦♦ ♦>#♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 
Generic Chara&er. 
Cal. 5-fidus, 2-labiatus. Cor. papilionacea. Stylus recurvus 
germine brevior. Stigma obtufum pubefcens. Leg, ventrico- 
fum, uniloculare, difpermura. Smith. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
DlLLWYNIA obovata ; foliis decuffatim oppofitis cunei- 

formibus mucronatis laevibus, floribus axil- 

laribus fubgeminis. 
DlLLWYNIA obovata ; foliis obovato oblongis, acutis, op^ 

pofitis ; floribus axillaribus. Labillard. Nov. 

Holl. p. no. /. 140. 
DlLLWYNIA myrtifolia, foliis decufTatis obovatis concaviuf- 

culis fubquinquenervibus laevlbus, floribus 

axillaribus. Smith, in Aft Soc. Linn. v. 9. 

p. 263. 

Desc. Stem fhrubby, branched, a foot high. Leaves op- 
pofite, decuflate or crofting each other in pairs, entire, fmooth, 
wedge-fhaped, terminated in a ftraight pungent mucro, at- 
tached by a joint to a very fhort flat footftalk, which is alfo 
articulated, with a flipular projection, running down to the 
next leaf, and making the ftem angular : in the younger leaves 
thefe projeclions or buttreffes (projeclura jlipulares, vid. n. 
1 ?59) terminate in a pair of minute villous ftipules hardly 
vifible to the naked eye. Flowers papilionaceous, axillary, 
generally by pairs, on footjialks fhorter than the calyx, fur- 
nifhed with two fmall lanceolate bracles near to the calyx, but 
not attached to it, as in Pultenaea. Calyx fomewhat angular, 
gibbofe, bilabiate: upper lip two-toothed, very obtufe : lower 
lip three-toothed, fharpifh. Cor. papilionaceous, vexillum round- 
ish, deeply emarginate, reflexed, of a golden yellow colour, 
with a greeniih fpot at the bafe furrounded with bright red 
Tays : a l<e fhorter by half than the vexillum, yellow with red 
bafes : carina very fmall, red, with united petals. Stamens ten, 
diftincl:. Germen linear-oblong, villous, one-celled with two 
ovula : jiyle recurved at the point : jligma truncate, fomewhat 
%elling at the point, naked. Legumen not feen by us, 

Ou,r 



Our learned friend, Dr. Smith, in the Annals of Bo tarty, 
and in the 9th volume of the Tranfaftions of the Linnean So- 
ciety, has given the generic and Jpecific characters of the de- 
candrous papilionaceous plants of New-Holland, with a truly 
ma'lerly hand. But as there are many more of thefe plants 
thin the Doftor can have had an opportunity of feeing, and 
only a comparatively fmall number of thefe could have been 
examined by him in a living ltate, it is to be expected that 
more genera will hereafter be neceffarily formed, and that 
fome of the fpecies will be differently arranged ; however this 
maybe, the above e flays will remain honourable monuments 
of the author's abilities and induftry ; for every Botanift, who has 
confidered this natural order, has heretofore found the attempt to 
reduce it into any method attended with almoft infurmountable 
obftacles, moft of which are removed by thefe elTays. Mr. 
Brown having had the advantage of iludying thefe plants in 
their native foil, we look to him for a ftill more fatisfaclory 
account of thefe plants than we have yet had. 

Whether our prefent plant properly belong to the genus 
Dillwynia, or ought rather to be confidered as a Pultensa 
on account of its braftes, which, though minute and not fo 
clofe to the calyx, are neverthelefs very analagous to thofe of that 
genus, or whether it (hould be confidered as diftinft from both, 
we. cannot determine. From the fimilarly formed calyx, the 
oblong hairy ovarium, the truncate iligma, which is neither 
acute nor pubefcent, we fhould be inclined to think that it 
mull belong to the fame genus as D. glaberrima, No. 944* 
notwithstanding the vexillum has not the long tranfverfe 
diameter of the latter ; but neither is it entire, as reprefented 
by Labillardiere, but is divided nearly to the middle into 
two lobes. Perhaps Pultexjea obcordata (Bot. Repof. Pl» 
574) may likcwife unite with it. 

We fuppofe that Dr. Smith's D. myrtifolia above quoted 
and the D. obovata of Labillardiere are the fame as our 
plant, although the figure of the latter, without the defcription, 
would hardly lead to fuch a fufpicion. The name is not the 
moft appropriate, but as it has the right of priority we of courie 
adopt it. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
MefTrs. Loddiges and Sons. Flowers in May. Gathered at 
King George's Sound by Mr. A, Menzies, and in Van Die- 
man's Land by Labillardiere. Requires the fhelter of » 
good greenhoufe. 




mmmirJfrZ. J%,S.A y JTtitrikoS'&o 



C *2 7 5 ] 

Tritonia viridis. Greenish-flowered 

Tritonia. 
■% % #•# •% ^MhHhNnH^ #--& 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Spatha bivalvis, conduplicata, umflora. Cor. fupera, tubulofa, 
refupinata vel nee ; limbus fexpartitus, varie inflexus ; lacinisc 
obovato - rotundas ad lineari-oblongas, fubaequales alterave 
latior, a tubo ter brevioribus ad toties eo longiores, nunc 
unguiculatiE in faucem amplain conniventes laminis campanu- 
lato-patulis, nunc exunguiculatae in angulliorem faucem con- 
natae laminis rotatis. Fil. tubo impohta, fauci fubifometra, 
divergenter affurgentia, vel accumbenter afcendentia et col- 
laterali-contigua. Auth. fubfagittato-liQeares a dorfo fupra 
bafin affixae, recurvatim defloratae. Stylus capiliaris. Stig. 3, 
anguitiffime ligulata, complicato-canaliculata, recurvo-divan- 
cata. Cap/, pergaminea, triloc: , trivalv: , ovato orbiculata 
oblongave, trigibba, valvis medio feptigeris. Sem. quoque 
loculo plura, ex globofis varie prefla, e minoribus, diffepi- 
menti margini internae utrinque annexa. G. 

Obs. Hab. Cap. B. Spei. Bulbo-tubercfa. Bulbo-tuber cajlaneo- 
carnofum y deprejjb-orbiculatum, membranis reticulato-nervofts tunicatum, in 
nonnullis fila emittens tuberipara ; folia gramineo-enfata, collaterali difiicha y 
tquitantia ; caulis nudiufculis, modo ramofus ; rachis in refitpinatis 
redlnata ; fioresfpicati, e majoribus, colore ludentes, fttu alterni, direc- 
tione Jape fecundi y communiter intra faucem navis trinis dijcolonbus 
nunc diverfimode prominentibus inftgniti. Divert Gladiolo jemlnibus 
n°n alatis, ^Antholyza iifdem non baccafis, ab IxiA Jtuminibus 
necjiylum trifariam Jiipantibm tuboque in faucem dilatato. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA viridis ,- (flam, afcendentia, contigua ;) foliis 
plurimis (8 — 10), flabeiloideo-diitichis, caule 
triquetro brevioribus ; rachide perflexuofa, 
ereda, pluriflora ; fpalhse valva externa herba- 
cea quam tubus breviore ; corolla clavato- 
tubata, erefta, fauce arcuatim flexa ; limbo 
obliquato nutante, rotato-reflexo, fubirreguiari ; 
laciniis tubo duplo brevioribus, lineari-oblongis, 
fubasqualibus, ima media remotius fegregata, 
ceteris fupcrne verfus convergentibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS viridis. Hort.Kew. ^.^i. NobtsmAnn.Bot.i. 
231. et fupra No. 992 in Spec. Enum. VahL 
Emm. 2. 96. n. 37 ; a IVilldenovio pr<etcrvifus. 

We 



We are indebted to MeflYs* Lee and Kennedy for the 
opportunity of giving this rare and curious vegetable. In- 
troduced into Kew-Gardens from the Cape of Good Hope 
by Mr. F. Masson. Flowered there in 1788. The fpecimen 
is preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium. G, 



Species. 

tenuiflora. nobis. (Ixia.) Vahl. Enum. 2. 66. n.%6. longiflora. 
j3. MUd.Sp, PL 1. 203. (Gladiolus) Jacq. Coll. 
SuppL 24. Ic. Rar. 2. tab 263. («.) Vahl. I. c. 111. 
n. 70. 
longiflora. nob. Ann. Bot. i. 228. (Ixia.) Jitpra No. 256. Lil. 
a Red. lab. 34. (Glad.) Jacq. Coll. SuppL tab. 7, 
f. 1. (Ix.) paniculata. de la Roche. Dijf. 26. tab. 1. 
pallida, nob. (Ixia.) longiflora. (*.) V/illd. 1. c. (Glad.) Jacq. 
Coll. Sap. 23. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 262. (j3.) Vahl. I. c. 111. 
n. 70. 
capenfis. Supra No. 618. (Glad.) rofeus. Vahl, L c. 11O. n. 69. 
viridis. Supra No. 1275. 
crifpa. Supra No. 678. (Glad.) Vahl. L c. 96. n. 38. laceratus, 

eid. I. c. 120. 
pe&inata. nob. (Ixia.) Vahl I.e. 62. n. 29. (Glad.) Herb. Bank/, 
Itriata. nob. Ann. Bot. I. e. (Glad.) Jacq. Ic. Rar. a. /. 260. 

Vahl. L c. 89. n. 24. 
lineata. nob. I. c. (Glad.) JupraNo. 487. (Ixia.) fqualida. 0. 
4 firitla. Vahl. L c. 73. n.^o. flabellularis. eid. L c, 67.38^ 
fecurigera. nob, L c. (Glad.) fttpra No. 383. Vahl. I. C, 109. 
;/. 67. (Monbretia.) Lil. a Red. tab. 53. (Ixia.) 
gladiolaris. Lam. Encyc. 3. 341. lllufir. X. li** 
flava. nob. L c. (Glad.) Vahl. L c. 110. n. 68. Herb. Bank/. 
refra&a. nob. I. c. (Glad.) Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 24. Vahl. L c 

109. n. 65. 

fqualida. Supra No. 581. (Ixia.) Vahl. I. c. 73. n. 50. tW»J 

patula. — lancca. <?i<£ /. £. 62. n. 28. »^f J ac quint. 

hyalina. Lil. a Red. tab. 87. feneitratae var. Jacq- 

i'ragm. 28. n. 96. /#<£. 34. f. 2. 

feneflrata. Supra No. 704. (Ixia.) hyalina. Vahl. I. c. 75. «• 55' 

crocata. nob. L c. (Ixia.) fupra No. 184. Vahl. I. c. 73. »• 5 1 * 

iridifolia. ^ la Roche. Dijf. 24. ». 13. 
purpurea, nob. (Ixia.) Vahl. I. c. 76. «. 56. Anne a pracedente 

feparanda ? 
deufla. Supra No. 622. (Ixia.) *W. /. c. 74. ?;. 53, tantumtnodo 
vera quoad var. (a.) crocata. mac. nigr. Bot. Rep* ia °' 
134. miniata. Lil. a Red. tab. 39. nee Jacquini. 
miniata. Supra No. 609. (Ixia.) deufla. Vabl. I.e. 74. »• 53* 
quoad varietates /3. y. & £ . £. 



V?/2]6 




r*ni ^rZJUO Sii-ra^iOel JanftmJiM Jt 



C ^76 ] 

MoRifcA ANGUSTA. ROLLED-LEAVED 
MOR^A. ' 

#♦ < j ft ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦> ♦♦ ftfr ♦#> 

C/«/jr tfj/i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. — Fid. No. 1033. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MOR;EA angufta ; (imberbis? coroll<c lacinig difformes ; ftig- 
mata petaloidea g) folio radicali deormm fiftulofo- 
vaginante inde angufte lineari-involuto, cufpi- 
dato, quam caulis fubfimplex diftanter fubbiarti- 
culatus longiore ; fpatha plurivalvi, fubfolitaria, 
terminali, pauci (2 — 4) flora, valvis externis binis 
herbaceis, fufiformi -convolutis, obtufulis cum 
acumine, infima duplo breviore ; pedicellis in- 
clufis ; germine gracilius fubclavato-prifmatico, 
exclufo; corolla e brevius cucullatim coar&ata 
furfum divaricante inde recurvata ; laciniis ifo- 
metris; internis lineari-lingulatis Tub 4plo angufti- 
oribus, obtufis ; externarum lamina obiongo-ovata 
cum acumine, unguem fubaequante ; filamento ? 
unguibus fubduplo breviore ; interni ftigmatum 
labii fegrnentis, lineari-acuminatis, arre&o-reflexis. 
G. 

MOR^EA angufta. Nobis Ann. Bot. 1. 240/ uti ct fupra 
No. 11 03. pag. alt. in Spec. Enum. Ic. Pi El. PI, 
Capenf. Cod. Bank/, cum Exempt. Spont. in Herb. 

JRIS angufta. Thunb. DiJJ. Ir. n. 28. Prod. 12. Linn. Syft. 
Veg. Murr. ed. 14. 91. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 235. 
Fab I. Enum. 2. 146. n. 43. 



Nearly allied to tripetala, No. 702. Bulb-tuber ovate ; 
°uter integuments reticulate, dark brown> fibres thick and 

woody ; 



woody ; cauline leaflet fpathaceous about an inch long, ufually 
iterile ; fpathc about two inches long, outer valves fphacelate 
and reddifh at their point ; corolla near two inches long, vel- 
low, purple veined on the outride. As we had no opportunity 
of infpefting the living plant, we are uncertain whether the 
ftamens have united or feparate filaments, or if the outer ungues 
have the fmall melliferous cavity at their bafe, fo ufual in this 
genus; Th un berg calls the flower imberbis t but he has more 
than once overlooked this character, which is far lefs con- 
fpicuous here than in Iris, and is fometimes not to be afcer- 
tained without the aid of a glafs. Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, where it was found by Thunberg on hills below the 
Duyvelfberg and Lcwekop. We have to thank Sir Joseph 
Banks for his very liberal permiffion to copy the original 
drawings of this plant, as well as of Aristea Melaleuca, Mor.ea 
Jpicata and the curled-leaved variety of crifpa, which two laft 
will appear in the next fafeiculus. G. 




jyarwdtntrjrZta. Ji&iy&araj> s*e0t &*/"<*,**. $*ttm jpj , mnft>»s« nr ' ,i ' 






C ^77 ] 

ARISTEA MELALEUCA. MOURNING- 
FLOWERED ARISTEA. 

i*% $ % t~% i} $ *• % # $$ $. $. $. $ $ $. 

C/^/J <j»</ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — f7*£ TVp. 605, et in Ann. Dot. v. 1. p. 236. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

ARISTEA melaleuca; (herla ex fafcicuUs paucifoliis colla- 
tcrali-dijhchis equttantibus c<efpitofi ;) foliis an- 
gufto-gramineis, lineari-acuminatis, rigidiufculis, 
caule comprefifo-ancipiti pauciarticulato 2 — 3- 
foliofo triplo hrevioribus ; fpatha terminali, foli- 
taria (vet altera eaulis articulo proxime infero im- 
pvfita), 2 — 3 -flora, paucivalvi, Janceolato-acumi- 
nata, valvis duabus externis fubherbaceis equi- 
tanti-conduplicatis, caeteras fphacelatas includenti- 
bus ; germine lineari-elongato, triquetro-prifma- 
tico, gracili, exclufo, pedicellis inclufis longiore ; 
corolla fubrotata ; laciniis exterioribus obiongo- 
obovatis ; interioribus fubtriplo majoribus, obo- 
vato-ellipticis, emarginatis, fubinvoJuto-concavi- 
ufculis; ftarainibus afiurgenter divaricatis; ftylo 
reclinato; ftigmatibus ex cucullato-convolutis, 
orbiculato-explicitis, margine multifido-fimbriatis. 
G. 

ARISTEA mtlaleuca. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 236 ; uti et 
fupra No. 1231. pag. alt. in Spec. Enum. — Ic. PL 
Capenf. Cod. Bankf. cum Exempt. Spont. in Herbar* 

■MOR^EA melaleuca. Thunb. de Mor. n. 1, tab. 1. /. 3, Prod. 
10. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 240. VahL Enum. 2. 153. 

MORiEA lugens. Linn. Suppl. 99. Syft. Vcg. ed. 14. 93. 
Hort, Kezv, 1. 75. 

Root 



Root fibrous, perennial ; root-Jheatbs membranous fphacelate, 
Ihort ; leaves perennial, 3 — 4 inches high, 2 — 3 lines broad ; 
Jlem annual, about a foot high, ftriate ; corclla three inches or 
more in diameter ; Jlyle twice fhorter than the larger fegments ; 
anthers about equal to filaments, upright, yellow. Native of 
the Cape of Good Hope, where it was found by Thunberg 
on and near the Paarleberg, growing among the bufhes. 

Introduced by Mr. MASioa into Kew Gardens, where it 
flowered in 1788. A greenhoufe plant of great beauty. G. 




-r^/lvtf ityrtl. U8J 



[ *2 7 8 ] 

Aloe rhodacantha. Red-spined 
Glaucous Aloe. 

CA//} a«i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — TO. Ab. 765. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE rhodacantha ; fcaudex brevis ,• junior loins folio/us 1 
vetuftior infra denudatus g flores refli, cylindrici, e 
majoribus j) foliis amplexicaulibus, conferte ambienti- 
bus, lanceolato-acuminatis, brevibus, patuiis, mollibus 
glaucis, fpinis denfioribus re&is fulvis margine et 
nunc parce acuminibus vagis ad fummum dorfum 
munitis ; caule fimplici toto fere ab imo braSieis lpha- 
celato-membranaceis Iafius lanceolatis ftipato; racemo 
fpicatim produ&o, raiiufculo; pedicellis ere&o-di- 
vergentibus, flori fubaequalibus ; corolla pendulo- 
cernua, laciniis bafin ufque liberis, apice breviter re- 
volutis ; filamends has aequantibus ; ftigmate acutiuf- 
culo. G. 

ALOE rhodacantha. Becandolle PL Gr. 41. tab. 41. 

A - glauca. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 7. 18. ». 39. 

A. perfoliata. v . mild. Sp. PL 2. 186. 

A - perfoliata. £ glauca. Hort. Kew. 1. 466. Mart. Mill. Biff, 
excl.fyn. 

A - Perfoliata. *. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2, v. 1. 458. 1'hunb. Biff. 5. 
n> 3. 

A* africana fpinis rubris ornata. Weinm. Phyt. t.ji. 
• a f"cana foliis glaucis margine et dorfi parte fuperiore fpi- 
nofis, flore rubro. Comm. Pral. 75. tab. 24. cum ft. 
Hort. Amji. 2. 23. tab. 12. fine fl. 

Decandolle obferves that this fpecies differs from mitr<e- 
J°rmis (No. 1270J by a trunk that is not arborefcent, foft 

glaucous 



glaucous leaves with red/pines, fiowcr-Jlem nearly covered with 
bratieSy and a corolla green at the top, as well as in habit and time 
of flowering. A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; of long 
ftanding in our collections. Should be kept in the greenhoufe. 
Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered laft fummer 
at Mr. Ha worth's, Little Chelfea. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 994, 1. so, pro " raeemo/a" lege '* racemo/o,' 
No. 1260, I. 24, pro " i." lege " 2." 
No. 1272, 1. 14, pro * mc" lege " nuns* 1 




JF&fy. 



-AiiyfrMrte .,;' £g* €k y *im m* *Q**U.t.t4t» 



C "79 ] 

Teucrium orientale. Great-flowered 
Germander. 

♦ » $ $ $ $ 4fj 4 1 ♦ » * ftj j fo »j > 

C7d/> a»J Order, 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA; 

Generic Char after. 

CorolU labium fuperius o, fed fiffura ejus loco in qua Sta- 
mina jacent. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TEUCRIUM orientate; foliis radicalibus tripartito-multifidis, 

racemo compofito terminali, pedicellis hori- 

zontalibus folio longioribus. 
TEUCRIUM orientate ; foliis mukifidis linearibus, racemo 

compofito, pedicellis brevioribus. Schreb. Unilab. 
TnTrDUn P- 30. n. 17. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 14. 
a^UCRIUM orientate; foliis muitifidis floribus racemofis. 

Sp. PI. 7 86. 
TEUCRIUM foliis pinnatifidis: laciniis linearibus: infimis 

divifis floribus racemofis. Hort. Cliff. 301. 
TEUCRIUM orientale anguftifolium laciniatum, fiore magno 

fubcaeruleo. Tournef. Cor. 14. Commel. Rar. 25* 



The fynonym ufually quoted from Rivinus has, we imagine, 
crept in by forne miftake, as we find no reprefentation of this 
fpecies in the perfeft copy of that author's works in the library 
of Sir Joseph Banks. 

The radical leaves and thofe of the fterile decumbent branches 
are divided into many linear fegments, but on the flowering 
«em the upper leaves are fimply, the lower ones doubly trifid. 
flowers in terminal racemes, on folitary horizontal peduncles, 

which 



winch are longer than the floral leaves and fomewhat fhorter 
than the flower. Calyx campanulate : fegments nearly equal, 
acute, but not mucronate. Corolla large and fhewy, pale blue 
with recidifli veins. The whole plant is covered with a pu- 
befcence but is not hoary. The leaves are intenlely bitter and 
fmell (lightly aromatic. A tolerably hardy perennial. Firft 
difcovered by Tourn'efort in Armenia. Flowers in July 
ard Auguft. Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
who raifed it from feeds received from Siberia. 



WJ20O 




-lUHr7*(^A,~s*G- e< , Qyj,./ ^Am£l **** 



[ 1280 ] 

nymphiea rubra. r.ed-flowered 
Water Lily. 

■ %4%% * $♦ - $♦♦ ♦ fr,$ $ I ♦ t % 

C7tf/} #»*/ Order, 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character, 

Cal, 4 — 5-phyllus. Petala plurima, germini fub ftaminibus 
inferta. Bacca fupera, multilocularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

NYMPHIEA rubra; foliis peltatisdentatis fubtuspubefcentibus 

immaculatifque. Dry under in Hort. Kew. inedit. 
NYMPHIEA rubra. Bot. Repof. 503. 
CASTALIA magnifica j foliorum laminis fuborhicularibus, 

dentatis, fubtus pubefcentibu* immaculatifque; 

petalis puniceis, parum incequdibus. Satijb. in 

Farad. Lond. 14. 



From the genus Nymph^ea, as conftituted by Linnaeus, 
Nelumbium has been long fince feparated. 

We have made mention in the 29th volume, No. 1189, of 
the further divifion of this genus by Mr. Salisbury into 
Nymph^a and Castalia, and bore our teftimony to the 
propriety of this feparation. Dr. Smith, in the Prodromus 
Florae Graca?, in adopting this divifion, has w ? think very 
properly, retained the ancient name of Nymph/Ea for the 
genus which contains the raoft numerous and fplendid fpecies, 
ar »d annlied tn th** v^llrmr-flnurprprl Wafer-1 .ilies that of 



This 



This magnificent fpecies is a native of the Eaft-Indies. We 
learn from Dr. Roxburg's manufcript, that this fpecies is not 
unfrequent in Indoftan, growing in pools of frefh water, and 
in rivers, where there is little current. And that the feeds 
are eaten both raw and boiled, and efteemed wholefome ; and 
in times of fcarcity the roots alfo. Introduced into the Kew 
Gardens by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart, and K. B. 
Our drawing was taken -from a plant which flowered in Auguft 
1808, at Mr. WooDFOkD's, late of Rickmanfworth in Hert- 
fordshire. We have feen it repeatedly in flower at Mr. Vere's, 
Kenfington-Gore, where, with feveral other fpecies, it is cul- 
tivated in a ciftern, placed on a common hot-bed. 



N J 1201 







At^rT a***rJ?&m G*A*U^& 



fprJJMO. 



JTSan/ivn Jun r J<- 



C 1281 3 

Gypsophila prostrata. Trailing 
Gypsophila. 

Oafs and Order, 

DECANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal l-phyllus, campanulatus, angulatus. Petala 5, ovata, 
feffilia. Cap/, globofa, unilocularis. 

Specific Chara&er and Synonyms. 

GYPSOPHILA proftrata g foliis lanceolatis lsevibus, cauli- 
bus diffufis, piltillis corolla campanulata 
longioribus. Sp. Pi. 581. Reich. 2. p. 325. 
Willi. 2. p. 662. Mari. Mill. Die?, n. 2. 
Hort. Keiv. 2. p. 84. 

ALSINE anguftifolia caryophylloides multiflora glabra pur- 
purafcens, radice aftragaliti. Pluk. Aim. 22. 
'. 75- /• 2 - 



Gypsophila proftrata and repens are perhaps not very 
accurately diftingui/hed by Linnxus, and it appears to us 
doubtful, if the former name may not have been mifapplied 
by us to the prefent figure ; but as we apprehend that Lin- 
naus had his plant from Miller, ever fince whofe time this 
fpecies has been known under this appellation in our nurferies; 
and being lefs difpofed to creep at the root than the fpecies 
ufually called repens.we think it at leaft fafeft to continue the name 
as ordinarily applied. The fy nony m of P lukf.net above quoted, 
w as at firtt given to repens, and the other fy nony ms of that 
fpecies do not appear to belong to our plant. Linn A us exprelsly 
%s the flowers in projlrata are white, and not inclined to red 
as in repens ,• as to the bell-fhaped form of the corolla, this 
depends upon the time of flowering, and in the defcription 

the 



the petals are exprefsly faid to be patent. The Gypsophila 
adfcendens of Jacqu in is probably not different from this ; for 
the length of the ftamens and piftils is not to be depended upon, 
that of the latter varying much in the fame plant, according as 
the flower has been expanded a longer or fhorter period, not 
in this plant only, but in the whole natural order. 

A hardy perennial, adapted to ornament rock-work. Blooms 
all the fummer months. Our drawing was taken at Mr. Sa- 
lisbury's Botanic Garden. 



-ffi/202. 




£<A-*iavi4r jD*£ 



fte.b>rrt'Urt^S t -(; 9 c frmfg-jrt 






j:,;>,y*" •*«"'■''■ 



[ 1282 ] 

Daphne pontica. Twin-flowered 
Daphne, 

♦4 ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ (MHM* 

Clafs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cal. o. Cor. 4-fida, corollacea, marcefcens, Stamina in- 
cludens. Drupa l-fperma. 

Specific Cbaraeler and Synonyms. 

DAPHNE pontica^ pedunculis lateralibus bifloris, foliis lan- 

ceolato-ovatis. Sp. PL 511. Willi. 2. ^.419. 

Pall. Rofs. 1. p. 54. Bot Rep. 73. Ejufd. Reeenf. 

72. Mart. Mill- DiFl. n. 8. 
THYMEL^EA pontica citrei foliis. Toum. It. 2. t. 180. Id. 

3. p. 18. Eng. ed. 8vo. 



Although the flowers of Daphne pontica are not fhewy, nor 
Jn fragrance nearly equal to that of feveral other fpecies of 
this genus ; yet the beauty of its foliage renders it well worthy 
« cultivation. It was firft difcovered by Tournefort near 
the coalt of the Black-Sea on hills and in woods. Pallas 
jays it is found alfo in Liberia in the thick, fhady beech woods, 
between the ridges of the lofty mountains. It is fufficiently 
hardy to bear the ordinary cold of our winters ; but being 
diipofed to put forth young ihoots, from which the flowers 
grow, early in the fpring if the weather is mild, thefe are apt 
J° be deftroyed and the plant disfigured by the recurrence of 
Jater frofts ; an inconvenience which probably might be avoided 
bv planting it in thickets and under the fhelter of trees. 
. Communicated by iMeffrs. Loddiges and Sons. Flowers 
ln April and May. Propagated by feeds or cuttings. 



^t^&.^J^^tSiS.^J^^^.^^^&^s.^. 



In which the Latin Names of a 
the Plants contained in the * 
Thirty -Firjl Volume are alpha- £ 



INDEX. 

which the 



betically arranged. 

JP/. 

270 Aloe mitraeformis. 
278 ' rodacantha. 

253 Amaryllis ornata (a). 

268 Aponogeton anguftifolium. 
277 Ariftea melaleuca. 

258 Campanula barbata. 

2 57 peregrina. 

248 Centaurea macrocephala. 
267 Crocus ferotinus. 

252 Cyanella lutea. 

2 73 Cynanchum difcolor. 
282 Daphne pontica. 

274 Dillwynia obovata. 

271 Diofma fpeciofa. 

250 Erica andromedaeflora, 
2 ^g ariftata. 

242 Eugenia fragrans. 

245 Euftrephus latifolius. 
266 Garidella Nigellaftrum. 

255 Geifforhiza fetacea. 
281 Gypfophila proftrata. 
239 Haemanthus albifios. 

251 Hedyfarum capitatum. 

254 Hefperantha pilofa (#). 

259 Ibbetfonia geniftoides. 

256 Impatiens coccinea. 

261 Iris pumila, var.jviolacea, 

269 Lachenalia orchioides. 

246 Lapeyroufia fiflifolia. 
237 Lilium tigrinum. 
241 Liparia fphaerica. 

272 Lomatia filaifolia. 
263 Mimofa pubefcens. 
2 to Moraea angufta. 

. edulis (y.) 



238 

247 



pavoma. 



^7 r"*r"*7' , a 

262 Narciflus tnandruj, <var. lutein, v 



265 Nigella hifpanica. 
264 orientalis. 

243 Nymplisa kalmiana. 

280 < rubra. 

240 Stapelia poWinata. 
279 Teucrium orientale. 

244 Trichonema pudicum. 
275 Tritonia viridis. 
260 Yucca gloriofa. 



INDEX. 

In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in .the 
Thirty- Fir/t Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

PL 

260 Adam's. needle, fuperb. 

270 Aloe, mitre. 

278 , red-fpined Glaucous. 

268 Aponogeton, Narrow-leaved. 
277 Ariftea, mourning-flowered. 

256 Balfam, glandular-leaved. 

258 Bell-flower, bearded. 

2 57 " rough-leaved. 

248 Centaury, large-headed yellow. 
267 Crocus, Mountain. 

252 Cyanella, yellow. 

273 Cynanchum, Virginian. 
282 Daphne, twin-flowered. 

274 Dillwynia, crofs-leaveil. 

271 Diofma, umbel-flowered. 

254 Evening-Flower, grafs-leaved. 

242 Eugenia, fweet-fcented. 

245 Euftrephus, broadeft-leaved. 
264 Fennel-flower, oriental. 
265 Spanifh. 

261 Flag, violet-blue dwarf. 
266 Garidella, Fennel-leaved. 

279 Germander, Great -flowered. 
281 Gypfophila, trailing. 

239 Hsmanthus, white flowered. 

250 Heath, andromeda-fiowered. 
2J9 bearded- leaved. 

251 Hedyfarum, fceptre-flowered. 

259 Ibbetfonia, fpotted-flowered. 

269 Lachenalia, fpotted- leaved 

orchis-like. 

246 Lapeyroufia, leafy-fpiked. 

253 Lily, Cape-Coaft. 

237 Lily, tyger-fpottcd Chincfe. 
211 Liparia, rufcus-leavcd. 

272 Lomatia, fulphur-wort-leaved. 
263 Mimofa, hairy -ftemmed. 

276 Moraea, rolled-leaved. 
2ij orange-coloured. 

238 yellow efculent-rooted. 

262 Narciffus,yellow reflex-flowered. 
2^0 Stapelia, cufhioned. 

244 Trichonema, blufn. 

255 Tile-root, narrovveft-leaved. 

275 Tritonia, greenifh-flowered. 

243 Water-Lily, Canadian. 
28c red-flowered. 



Priiutd fey S. Coachman, Throgmorton-Sircet, London. 



CU RTIS' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

o R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M,D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 
VOL. XXXII. 



Florida quifquam 
Hie fibi ferta leget nitidis nettenda capillis. 

Petit-Radel, 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternojier-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great- Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCX. 



[ 1283 2 

MoRiEA SPICATA. FLEXUOSE MoR^EA, 

C/tf/} awi Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1033. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MOR JE A fpicata ; (imbcrlis ; corolla uniform is, fub<equalis ; 
ftigmata compcndiofe petaliformia ;) folio infimo e 
fiftulofo-vaginante convoluto-lorato, tereti-cufpi- 
dato, caulem exfuperante ; caule pluriarticulato, 
flexuofo, fpathacee foliofo, fubuniramofo ; fpathis 
unifloris?, herbaceis, cucullato - convolutis, ad 
lingula genua feflilibus, proximos articulos invol- 
ventibus, terminalis externa valva in cufpidem 
ultra florem prominentem excurrente ; floribus 
remote appreflo-fpicatis; germine triquetro-pedun- 
culoideo, inclufo ; corolla hypocrateriformi ; laci- 
niis fubfpatulato-oblongis ; unguibus in cyathum 
claufis; laminis iftos fubaequantibus, obovato- 
oblongis, rotatim explanatis; filamentis cylindraceo- 
connatis?; ftigmatibus angufle cuneatis, antheras 
asquantibus, ungues parum excedentibus, erecio- 
divergentibus, labio intcriore bidentato. G, 

MOR^EA fpicata. Nobis fupra No. 1103 m S P ec - s )' ni ^' ^' 
Plant. Capcns. Cod. Bankf. cum Exempt, in Herb. 

Differs from collina (N i5 * 1033 & 1103) in having a feveral- 
jointed flexuofe Hem, with a one-valved ?, one-flowered ? 
ipathe fituated at each joint, forming a kind of remotely-flowered 
fpike ; in collina the inflorefcence is difpofed in a feveral-valved 
feveral-flowered terminal fpathe, the valves being arranged one 
within the other on a fhort receptacle in a convolutely equitant 
fafcicle; in fpicata the receptacle is drawn out into a feveral- 
jointed rachis with a fingle flowered ? fpathe at each joint ; the 
upper fpathe is befides lengthened into a point that reaches 
beyond the flower ; which is not the cafe in collina. As we 
did not examine the living plant of fpicata^e cannot fay in what 
other refpe&s they may differ. Nearly allied to virgata and ele- 
gans. Found at the Cape of Good Hope by Mr. Masson. G* 




A&283 






asf 




timWAw GvfimnZJI, 



C 1284 ] 

Mor^ea crispa. y. Curled-leaved Mor^a. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. No. 1033. 

Specif e Character and Synonyms. 

MOR^EA crifpa ; (imberbis : corolla uniforms t in<equalis - 
jligmata petaliformia ;) foliis rigidiufculis, imis 
anguftiuslorato-acuminatis,convoluto-canaliculatis, 
glaucinis (totum pariim vel omnino non crifpatis), 
reliquis brevi-fpathaceis ; caule altiorc, remote 
pauciarticulato, ftrifto, glabro, fimplice velpatenti- 
paniculatim ramofo (modo panicula ramulis 2-4 in 
eodem genu fafcicul'atim pojitis); fpathis herbaceis, 
plurivalvibus, fubbifioris, convoluto-fafciculatis, 
brevilanceolatis, terminalibus, imurn verfus obfo- 
letius in nodalum conftri&is ; pedicellis inclufis; 
germine brevi, fubobovato, rotundato r trigono; 
coroHae laciniis fubfpatulato-ovatis ; unguibus tur- 
binatim collectis; laminis explanatis, rotatis re- 
flexifye, ovatis ; intimis fubdupio anguftioribus ; 
ftigmatum labii interni fegmentis dimidiato-Ianceo- 

^ latis, ereciis. G. 

MOR^EA crifpa. Supra No. 759. Nobis in Ann.of Bol. v. 1. 
240 ; ut etfupra No. 1 103 in Spec. Synth. 

X ^IS crifpa. Linn.Suppl. 98. Xbunh Diff. 36. t. \.f. i. Prod. 
12. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 238. Vahl. Enum. 2 152. Nee 
cum eorum Mora a crifpa confundenda ; h<ec enim 
omnino alia fpecies > forte que ad diverfum genus 
releganda. 

We have already publifhed (No. 759) a variety of this 

jPecies, the leaves of which are without crifpature, and the Hera 

r anchlefs. It varies with blue and with yellow flowers, 

f er >' feldom met with in our collections. For a further account 

°t the fpecies fee No. 759. It is a very diftinft plant from the 

oraa crifpa of Thunserg, Willdenow, and Vahl; 

ut the fame with their Iris crifpa. G. 



C 1285 ] 

ixia maculata. v. ochroleuca. cream- 
coloured Spotted Ixia. 

Clqfs, Order, Genus, Specific Characters, and Synonymy. — 
See N os - 549, 789, 846, et 1013. 



The drawing of this variety, the moft beautiful of any we 
have feen, was taken from a plant imported laft year from the 
Cape of Good Hope by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons, of 
Hackney. G. 



Addendum. 



No. 1201. In the fynonymy of Damasonium indicum we 
have omitted 

STRATIOTES alifmoides. Smith Exot. Bot. v. 1. p. 27. 
tab. 15. 

Our defcription of the fruit was taken from the plate in 
Plant, Command. G. 



ERRATA 

Ko. 1013, pag. alt. 1. 7, for " 749 " read « 549." 
No. 1175, 1, 25, pro * mtdiujtidii" lege «' Mtniivf;uhs.' 




J7i2es 



-&2.3rr&r& Jfto+ft V ~ 



A?J*sf 




C 1286 ] 

Andromeda calyculata, z/#r. ventricosa, 
Globe-flowered calycled Andromeda, 

4MH|fr ♦♦♦♦♦♦»< fr M » ♦ #-*--££ 

Cta/i and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia, 

Generic Cbar abler. 

Cal. 5-partitus, Cor. ovata : ore 5-fido. Cap/. 5-valvis : 
valvulis feptiferis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ANDROMEDA calyculata ; pedunculis folitariis axillaribus 
fecundis, brafteis binis, foliis ovalibus 
fquamofo-pun&atis obfolete ferrulatis. Hort. 
Kezv, 2. p. 70, Willd. 2. p. 614. 

ANDROMEDA calyculata. Sp. Plant. 565. Reich. 2. p. 295. 
Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 119. ». 4. GWr/. Frucl. i, 
/>. 3°4- '• 63. /. 5. 

«• vcnincofaj corollis globoiis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis. Hort. 
Kew. 1. c. Marty n Mill. Dicl. n. 18, 

CHAM/EDAPHNE. Buxbatim in Comm. Petrop. 1, p. 241. 

(3. latifoha ; corollis oblongo-cylindraceis, foliis oblongo- 
ovalibus obtufis. 

y. anguftijolia ; corollis oblongo-ovalibus, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis. 

f. nana ,- caule decumbente, foliis rotundato-ovatis fCbdenti- 
culatis. 

r. linearis ; calycibus acutis, ramulis ere£tis, foliis lanceolato- 
linearibus margine undulato reflexo. 

By the two bracles at the bafe of the calyx, which have 
given occafion to its name, this fpecies approaches to Gaul- 
theri a, but the fruit is that of an Andromeda. 

There are feveral varieties of this fhrub : in Mr. Loddiges's 
garden, befides the three mentioned in Hortus Kewenfis, we 
have obferved two others. The one ($) is diftinguifhed by its 
decumbent (tern, rounder, fomewhat more toothed leaves, and 
Shorter racemes. The other (s) by its fmaller greenifh flowers, 
Wl th narrow pointed calycine leaflets, more erect branches, 
nearly linear dark-coloured leaves with undulate reflexed 
margins. 

May be propagated by cuttings or feeds. Cultivated by the 
Jjuke of Argyll in 1748. Flowers in February and March. 
Communicated by MejTrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



ffllZgj. 








.W./-W ■rii irS ^^>, 



•z-..*\v tr/ 



.~iJunti~2- 



C 1287 1 

Achillea Claven^e. Silvery-leaved 
Milfoil, 

»♦*♦♦♦♦»♦ ♦♦!♦♦♦♦ ♦ » 

Clafs and Order. 

Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus o. Cat, ovatus, imbricatus. 
Flqfculi radii circiter 4. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

ACHILLEA Clavenee ; foliis tomentofis pinnatifidis: laciniis 
linearibus obtufis, fummis apice fubdentatis, co- 
rymbo fimplici. iVilld. Spec. PL 3. p. 2195. 
Ejufdem A chill, p. 13. n. 5. 

ACHILLEA Clavena ; foliis laciniatis planis obtufis tomen- 
tofis. Sp. PL 1266. Reich. 3. 869. Hort. Kew. 
3. 240. Scop. Carniol. n. 109 3. 7 acq. Auftr. 
1. p. 49. /. 76. Martyn Mill. Dili. n.w. 

ACHILLEA foliis tomentofis longe petiolatis palmatis. Hall. 
Helv. n. 114. 

"T ARMICA : incana j humilis ; foliis lanceolatis, abfinthii 
semulis. Bocrb. hid. Alt. 1. p. in. 

ABSINTHIUM alpinum umbelliferum. OuJ. Hi/l. 1. 340. 

Pann. 555. /. 553. latifolium. Bauh. Pin. 

139. 

ABSINTHIUM umbelliferum. Claven<e Monog. 

ANTABSINTHIUM Clavenje. Spreccbis. 

ABSINTHIUM album. Lob. Obf. 435. Ic. 753. tab. 20. 
Ger. Emac. 1101. Raj. //#?. 345. feu um- 
belliferum. Park.Theat. 99./. 5. 

ABSINTHIUM albis floribus capitulis fquarrofis. Bauh. Hi/I. 

3* A 183. 
DRACUNCULUS alpinus argenteus foliis abfinthii latioribus. 
Mori/. Hift. 3. p. 40. J 6. /. 10. 

This plant varying with leaves more or Iefs finely divided, 
ari Q with the corymb of flowers more or lefs compaQ, Will- 
denow, in his monograph on the genus Achillea, diftin- 
guifhed them as two fpecies ; but, in the Species Plantarum, he 
a gam reduced them to varieties. 

It 



It was firft difcovered on the fummits of the loffy Alps of 
Auftria and Stiria, growing in the crevices of the rocks and 
frightful precipices, by Clusius, who has given a defcription 
and good figure of it in his Stirpes Pannoniae, drawn however, 
like ours, from a cultivated fpecimen, as he fays he fent feeds 
and young plants to his fiiends in Holland, from which his 
figure was executed. 

Nicholas Clave n a, an apothecary at Belluna, in the 
Venetian territory, wrote a treatife on the virtues of this plant, 
■which be found on Mount Serva, and fuppofed it to be dif- 
ferent from that defcribed by Clusius. He alfo obtained a 
patent for preparing a conferve of it, and publifhed a treatife 
on its virtues, which gave rife to a fevere attack from his 
rival Pompey Sprecchis. Both thefe authors have given 
original figures of this fpecies, but neither of them are nearly 
equal to that of Clusius. 

From the above account it appears that Lin nous's name 
being derived from this Venetian apothecary, ought to have 
been written Chivence. The miftake probably originated with 
Haller, who every where fpells this name with a double n ; 
and from him Linnaeus moft probably derived all his know- 
ledge of the writer. 

The Achillea Clavena may be confidered as a connecting 
link between this genus and Artemifia. According to Clu- 
sius it has not only the hoary appearance, but the bitter 
talte and fcented feeds of the wormwood ; Clavena however 
denies that this plant poffevTes either of thefe properties. 

Cultivated by Mr. James Sutherland, in the Edinburgh 
Botanic Garden, in the year 1683. It is a rare plant, being, 
like moft alpine plants, rather difficult to preferve. Planted 
on rock-work, or on a wall, in a fhady fituation, it would moft 
likely endure longer than in a rich damp foil. 

Flowers in June and July. Communicated by Mr. Salis- 
bury, from his Botanic Garden in Sloane- Street. 



J&1SL 88. 




A6 iy 7*iUrlw S* OtoCrtfevnt ^i./W. .^iy<»«- r 



[ 1288 ] 

Vaccinium resinosum(/3.) Red-flowered 

CLAMMY WhORTLE-BERRY. 

CLifs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

m Cal. fuperus. Cor. l-petala. Tilam. receptaculo inferta. 
Bacca t 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VACCINIUM refinofum ; racemis braeleatis, corollis ovatis, 
foliis ellipticis acutiufculis integerrimis deci- 
duis atomis refinofis irroratis. Hort. Kew. 2. 
f 12. Wtlld.Sp. PL 2. p. 352. Martyn 
Mill Dicl. ». 17. 

VACCINIUM refinofum ; foliis tenuibus, oblongo-ovalibus, 
muticis, infegris, fubtus atomis refionofis ir- 
roratis: racemis lateralibus, deorfum fecundis: 
corolla 5-gono-ovata. Micbaux FL Bor. Amcr. 
1. p. 230. 

ANDROMEDA baccata / foliis lanceolatis integerrimis acutis 
glabris vifcidis, fioribus racemofis, baccis 
decafpermis. IVangenh. Amer. 11. /. 30./. 69. 

«. corollis viridifcentibus. 

P. corollis rubellis. 



The Vaccinium refinofum is a native of Canada and Pen- 
fylvania, and the mountains of Vir<z : "ia and both the Carolinas. 

It forms a pretty little fhrub, is ufuaily planted in pots and 
protected from froft during the winter ; but is fufficiently hardy 
to bear our climate in the open air, at leaft in afheltered fitua- 
tion. 

Introduced into the Kew Garden in 1772. Communicated 
by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, Hackney. Flowers in May 
and June. Thrives beft in a mixture of bog-earth and loom. 



AfijMSf. 




A44rZ6mtZJ*fim Crfe^a^^rjjua. 



[ 1280 ] 

ASPALATHUS CARNOSA. FlESHY-LE AVEB 
ASPALATHUS. 

Qlafs and Order. 

DlADEiPHIA DfiCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Lai. 5-fidus : lacinia fuperiore majore. Legum. ovatum, mu- 
seum, fubdifpermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AbPALATHUS carnofa ; foliis fafciculatis carnofis teretibus 
glabris, floribus lateralibus terminalibufque, 
calycibus bra£teatis. 7 hunk Prod. 127. 

A<!PATAT mud. sp. pi. z . />. 957. 

^arALATHUS carnofa; foliis fafciculatis teretiufculis ob- 
tufis, calycibus fubpubefcentibus acutis, 
corollis glabris. Man/. 261. Syfl. Vegetab. 

ASP a t a ^ 646 * Rekk . Sp ' PL 3 * 41U 

A ^iiiLATHUS carnofa; foliis fafciculatis carnofis teretibus 

glabris furfum incraffatis obtufis, floribus 

quaternis terminalibus. Berg. Cap. 216. 



The genus of Asp a lath us, as at prefent conftituted, con- 
tains a great many very diffimilar plants. This is the third 
jpecies figured in the Botanical Magazine (vide N os> 344 and 
° 2 9)> neither of which appear to have much affinity with each 
other. o ur prefent plant was communicated by Meffrs. Lod- 
d ice« and Sons, under the name of A. crajfifolia ; but is 
certainly different from the one figured in the Botanift's Repo- 
utory, which has its leaves terminated with a fort of arifta. It 
a Ppears to anfwer in mod refpecls to the defcription of A. car- 
n °fa in the Mantifla above quoted, and correfponds with the 
J niperfe6l fpecimen from the Linnean Herbarium, preferred in 
at °f* Sir Joseph Banks. It is a pretty little fhrub, native 
oi l he Cape of Good Hope, and muft be kept in a greenhoufe 
during the winter months. Flowers in May and June. 



^Jiipo. 




"^e&rarlrDit. Jteiy T&r&rj'tfo.fyctn? ^^y j. JSJe, *Sm»f—> 



C 1290 ] 

Campanula thyrsoidea. Long-spiked 
Bell-flower. 

♦fr» f fnfrg f j 3 j c » » ♦» i+i 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 
3-fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA thyrfoidea ; hifpida, caule fimpliciflimo, foliis 

lingulatis integerrimis {pica congefta ovato- 

oblonga, brafteis foliiformibus flore lanuginofo 

longioribus. 
CAMPANULA thyrfoidea ,- hifpida, racemo ovato-oblongo 

terminali, caule fimplvciflimo, foliis lanceo- 

lato-linearibus. Syfi. Vegtt. 208. Sp. PL 235. 

Reich. 1. 461. Willd. 905. Mart. Mill. Dill. 

n. 31. Jacq. Find. 211. Obf. 1. p. 33. /. 21. 

FL Aujir. 5. /. 411. Roth. Germ. I. 100. //. 

257. Altioni Fed. n. 415. Scop. Cam. \. 

p. 148. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 510. Hort. Kew. 

3. p. 486. addit. 
CAMPANULA floribus lanuginofis in denfiffimam fpicam 

congeftis. Hall. Helv. n. 688. 
CAMPANULA alpina echioides pyramidata. fount. Inft. 109. 
CAMPANULA foliis Echii. Bauh.P1n.g4. quoad fynonyma. 
aRACHELIUM thyrfoides. Oaf. P ami, p. 688. /////. 2. 

^>. 172. /fa/*. £fy?. 734. 
TRACHELIUM foliis Echii. Robert Icones. 
TRACHELIUM fpicatum tenuifolium. Park. 645. 
CERVICARIA major tenuifolia. Thai. Hare. t. 4. 
ALOPECURUS alpinus quibufdam. Bauh. Hiji. 2. p. 809. 
-kCHlUM montanum Dalechampii. Dalcch. Hiji. Lugd. 2. 
F p. 9. *<#/. /a/. />. 1106. 

f^CHlUM alpinum luteum. Bauh. Pin. 154. quoad fynonyma. 
1 ^ACHELIUM o.\™w£aiMha$ts. Richier de Belleval in 

Gilibert Demonfirations Botaniques, v. 1. 1. 31. 

This 



This native of alpine ftony paftures was firft difcovered by 
Clusius, and is defcribed but not figured in his account of 
plants obferved in Hungary, Auftria, and Stiria. 

The original reprefentations of this plant by the older 
Botanifts, are thofe of Dalechamp, John Bauhin, and 
Rich ie r nu Belleval. The laft author, though now little 
known, was ProfefTor of Botany at Montpelier, in the time of 
Henry IV. of France, and under the royal patronage eftablifhed 
the firft botanical garden there. He was very induftrious in 
fearching after new plants, and had defcribed and engraved on 
copper feveral hundred fpecies, but dying before he could 
give them to the world, they were long neglecled, and have 
only within thefe few years been published by Gilibert, in 
his Demonftrations Botaniques. 

Haller has remarked, that there is more refemblance be- 
tween C. thyrfoidea^ fpicata, and Cervicaria^ than might be at 
firft fuppofed : it appears indeed that either the two former 
have been confounded together, or that xhtjpicala, fometimes 
grows in a fhorter and more denfe fpike than ufual. Thus 
Allioni's firft figure of this laft-mentioned fpecies is hardly 
to be diftinguifhed from our plant, except that the bracl.es are 
ovate-acuminate, and very little longer than the flower, and 
the leaves have an undulate margin. But if the character of 
the bra&es is to be depended upon, it will be doubtful whether 
fome of the above-quoted figures do not rather belong to 
fpicaia than to thyrfoidea. That of John Bauhin we fhould 
have concluded to have been C. Orvicaria, had not Scopoli 
informed us, that it is not at all unufual for the flowers of 
ibyrfoidca to grow in diftin£t alternate clutters, as that figure 
reprefents. 

Jacquin obferves, that when plants of the firft year were 
removed into the garden and planted in a fhady damp border, 
they grew two feet high the next fummer, and made a much 
more elegant appearance than in their native place. 

Introduced in the year 1785, by Dr. William Pitcairn. 
Our drawing was made feveral years ago, from a fine flowering 
plant in the late Mr. Curtis's Botanic Garden at Brompton, 
It is a hardy biennial, propagated by feeds. 



[ "9 1 ] 

Melanthium monopetalum. Many- 
flowered Melanthium. 

Oafs and Order. 

Hexandiua Trigynia. 

Generic CharacJer. — Vid.fupra No.. 994. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MELANTHIUM monopetalum ,- fpica multiflora, denfiore, 
cylindracca ; corollae tubo longitudine 
limbi campanulati. G. 

MELANTHIUM monopeta/um. 'Lttm. Suppl. sgft (alVMde- 
novio minus recle ad Wurmbeam Juatn 
longifloram citatum.) Hort. Kew. 1. 489* 
(exclufis Burmanno ad revolutum nobis 
fupra No. 994 in Spec. Emm. et Houttuynio 
ad fpicatum fupra No. 694 allegandts.) 
Nobis fupra No. 994 in Spec. Enum. (ex- 
clufis fynonymis ad pu mil urn transferendis.) 
M. pumilum IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 270 nequa- 
quam hujus generis ? 

WURMBEA campanulata. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 265. exclufa «w- 
rietate (3 qua jam fupra in No. 694 u * 1 
diverfaf pedes depicla efl. 

WURMBEA capenfis. y. calycibus albis ; marginibus fufcis; 
fpica longiore. Thunb. Dijf. Nov. PL Gen. 
1. 19. tab. fig. 1. 

WURMBEA. Lam. Illuftr. tab. 170. fig. 1. 



A greenhoufe plant from the Cape of Good Hope. Intro- 
duced into Kew Gardens, by Mr. Masson, in 1788- W e 
did not fee the living fpecimen. In the enumeration of the 
fpecies of this genus, which we have given in No. 994. l "*j 
fynonymy belonging to pumilum, has been by miftake added 
to monopetalum. The Melanthium pumilum of W 1 l l d e n a W 
belongs moft probably to another genus; our M. pumilum ishis 
Wurmbea pumila. G . 



?12Ul 




HiOrT.Mb StSm&rf***"****** 



JTSon/om Jv 




pmas. . . / jPui ty to^-&^ s.*c*c - c~A*n? s,*+*. turn. 



MMi—* *** 



[ *292 ] 

Galaxia graminea. Narrow-leaved 
Galaxia. 

»»♦♦♦♦»$♦♦»♦*♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1208. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

GALAXIA graminea ; foliis fubulato-linearibus, convoluto- 

canaliculatis, bafi dilatatis. G. 
GALAXIA graminea. Thunb. Dijf. Nov. PL Gen. 51. 2. cum 

Icon. Prod. 10. Cavan. Dijf. 6. 341. /. 189./. 3. 

Jacq. Coll. 2. 366. /. 18./. 2. mild. Sp. PI. v. 3. 

tvta * 583 ' 

IA1 A fugacijjima. Linn. Stippl. 94. 



For the drawing of the prefent plant, as well as of Me- 
lanthium monopetalum and Aponogeton dijlachyon, we are 
obliged to the kindnefs of Sir Joseph Banks, for whofe 
library the original drawings were made. It is a native of the 
Cape of Good Hope. Has feveral times flowered at MeflTrs. 
**** and Kennedy's ; but as we never had an opportunity of 
feeing it while hi bloom, we fhall not attempt any further 
"efcription than is given in the fpecific characler. Is faid to 
* ar y with a yellow tube and violet-coloured limb. Grows on 
hl Hs between Cape Town and the Table Mountain. The 
| e aves are almoft the length of the tube of the corolla, which 
* s equally fugacious with that of ovata> already publifhed in 
No - 1208. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 1283, 1. 27, for " one-vafved" read " two.valved." 
No. 1284, 1. 7, pro " corolla" lege « corolla. 



%3f2Q3. 




^•'<2 ,n 'Ed~'cut£rf}el. J^Satt/imJiai fi/o 



Jl<Z.&v Tfi*~A> S*£*s fWVw t tSurtt 



C ™93 ] 
Aponogeton distachyon. Forked* 

FLOWERED APONOGETON. 

Cta/s, Order, and Generic Characler.—Vid. No. 1268. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

APONOGETON diftachyon - fpica bifida, foliis lineari- 
oblongis, natantibus, bra&eis integris, 
floribus polyandris. Linn. Suppl. 215. 
Tbunh. Dijf. Nov. PL Gen. 4. 74. cum Icone. 
Syji. Veg. Murr. 353. Hort. Kew. 1. 495. 
Ic. PL CapenJ. Cod. Bank/, mild. Sp. PL 
2. 923. 



Root tuberous (G.), eatable when roafted ; leaves radical, 
with long petioles, Blade lanceolate-ovate, quite entire, fmooth, 
floating, like that of Potamogeton natans ;. /pike bipartite, 
loibrfcate inwards ; flowers exceedingly fragrant, white, al- 
ternate, upright, placed within an ovate bracle ; ftamens 6* — 12 ; 
piflils 2—5. -\ water-plant. Native of the Cape of Good 
tt°pe. Introduced into Kew Gardens, by Mr. Masson, in 
■J7&8. Blooms molt part of the year when placed in the green- 
taule. Having had no-opportunity of examining the living plant* 
We have fruited to the drawing and the Hortus Kewenfis for what 
w « have faid. G. 



Note. 



No. 1129. Allium inodorum. In No. 1142. p. 2. add. 
* e have already obferved that this was the fame with the 
fr*gratu of Ventenat and Redoute; we now find it to be 
"kewife the gracile of Hortus Kewenfis ; an unlooked for dif- 
£ overy, gracile having been univerfally deemed a ftove plant, 

and 



and a native of Jamaica ; while our plant is feen to thrive the 
year through in the open ground, being mod probably a native 
of Carolina and even Virginia. Such however as we have 
feen in the hot-houfe, have always appeared to us to be drawn 
and unnaturally (lender, with fomewhat fmaller flowers and paler 
on the outfide ; and did not feem to be in their proper 
climate. In neither fituation is any fragrance to be perceived 
until evening and during the night, a circumftance that may 
account for the name of inodorum, as well as the omiffion of 
any notice of the fragrance of gracile in the work above 
mentioned. Inodorum was firft taken up by Dr. So lander 
in the Hortus Kewenfis ; and although we may ourfelves be 
fatisfied that our plant is his fpecies ; yet we muft admit, that 
the defcription which the Doctor has bequeathed us in the 
Bankfian MSS is too general and inefficient, and the original 
fpecimen in the Herbarium in too imperfect a ftate to fecure 
us againfl all objections that may be raifed by others as to their 
fpecific identity ; wherefore we think it fafer, to make the 
following changes in the Synonymy and Name. G. 

For Allium Inodorum, read Allium Gracile. 

(*) Planta caldario hofpitata. G. 

ALLIUM gracile. Dryander in Hort. Kew. l. 429. Willd. Sp* 

PI. 2. 83. Bot. Repof. tab. 107. 
A. firiatum. (3. Li!, a Red. 50 ; fpecies ab «. toto coslo diver/a ; 

quod vide fupra No. 103 5. 
("**) Planta fub dio vegeta. G. 
ALLIUM fragrans. Vent. Hort. Malm. 26. tab. 26. Lil. a 

Red. 2. tab. 6. 
A. inodorum. Solander in Hort. Kew. 1. 427 ? Willd. Sp. rt* 

2. 76.^ Nob. fupra No. 1129 (exclufo Micbaux), 

et No. 1142. pag. alt. Add. 
A. ornithogaloio- .. Walt. 11. Carol. 121 ? Gmel. Syjl. Nat. 7. 

544 r 1 
ORNITHOG ALUM bivalve. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. v. 1. 3° 6 ^ 

cujus Specimen in Herb. Bank/, e Jemine virginiano 

or turn inter Alli a ibi reponitur. G. 
O. floribus umbellatis, fpatha bivalvi. Gron. Virgin, ed. 2. 



[ ^94 ] 
Salvia amcena. Purple-flowered Sage, 

Clafs and Order. 

DlANDRlA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. fubcampanulatus, 2-labiatus: labio fuperiore 1 — 3-den- 
tato. Cor. ringens. Filam. tranverfe pedicello affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SALVIA amoena ; caule fruticofo, foliis cordatis crenato- 
ferratis rugofis undulatis fubtus pallidis, calycibus 
trifidis, racemis terminalibus verticillatis ebra&eatis. 

SALVIA violacea. Donn Hort. Cantab, edit. 4. p. 8. 

Stem fhrubby, obtufely quadrangular, fwelled at the joints, 
branched. Leaves drooping, heart-fhaped, rugofe, waved at 
the margin, notched, dark green, paler on the under furface, 
fcarcely pubefcent, on footjialks equalling the leaves in length : 
upper ones on the flowering branches growing in whorls. 
Flowers in terminal racemes, verticillate, about fix in a whorl. 
Calyx two-lipped : upper-lip entire, acute, fomewhat reflexed 
at the point, fmooth. Corolla twice the length of the calyx, 
bright violet-coloured : upper-lip hairy on the outfide, point 
fomewhat recurved : lozver-lip dependent, three-lobed : lobes 
obtufe, nearly equal. Stamens fhorter than corolla : anthers 
purple with yellow pollen. Style purple, exferted, hairy ". 
jligmas revolute. 

This fpecies of Sage approaches very near to Dr. Smith's 
amethyftina, from which it differs in its leaves not being 
tomentofe underneath, in the length of its footftalks, in the 
more fhrubby and more branched ftatks. Its foliage refembles 
very much the tubiflora of the fame author, but the flowers are 
totally different. 

Thofe Salvias which have the upper-lip of the calyx un- 
divided, including mod, if not all, the South-American and 
Weft-Indian fpecies, might, perhaps, be advantageoufly fe- 
parated from the European ones, having a five-cleft calyx, and 
formed into a did incl genus. This feparation would be a great 
relief, in a genus fo extenfive, that Prof. Vahl has enumerated 
one hundred and thirty-feven fpecies ; and has not even divided 
them into fections. Donn, in his catalogue of the Cambridge 
garden, has the prefent fpecies under the name of violacea, but 
the violacea of Vahl is an annual and quite diftincl from this. 

Native of the Weft-Indies : has been cultivated in the ftove 
by Mr. Lod dices thefe ten years or more, and is eafily pro- 
pagated by cuttings. Flowers in May and June. 



i 







X: izg$ 




C 12 95 ] 
Lachn^a eriocephala. Woolly-headed 

LACHNiEA. 
C/tf/} #?/</ Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Cbaraclcr. 
(*al. o. Cor. 4-fida : limbo inzequali. Nux fubdrupacea. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

LACHN^EA eriocephala ; capitulis folitariis lanatis foliis 
quadrifariam imbricatis. Sp. PL 514. Willd. 

PAQQiro 2 -A434- Reich. 2. igg. Bot. Repo/ : 104. 

r A5blLRINA eriocephala ; foliis linearibus convexis imbri- 
catis, capitulis lanatis. Thanh. Prod. 75. 



The braftes beneath the capitulum, which in fome fpecies 
of Lachnaea are very large, in this differ but little from the 
,e aves, except that they are fomewhat wider and have villous 

edges. ' 

II is not a plant of much (how, but its foliage from its re- 
gularity is ftriking, and it takes up little room and is eafily 
Propagated by cuttings. Introduced by Meflrs. Lee and 
Kennedy in 1793. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Requires the fhelter of a greenhoufe during the winter months, 
bl » is not very tender. 



[ i*9 6 ] 

Corchorus japonicus, var. /3. flore pleno. 

Double-flowered Japan Corchorus. 

DtfrfrSfrj $ -% % $-$-# $ 4 ~& *-# fc 

C/<j/} #wd Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cal. 5-pbyllus, deciduus. Cap/, plurivalvis, 
loculamentofa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CORCHORUS japonicus ; capfulis rotundis glabris, foliis 
duplicato-ferratis. Thunb. Jap. 227. Willi* 
Sp. PL 2. p. 1218. 

«. flore fimplici. 

TEITO vulgo Jamma Buki. K<emp. Avian. 844. 

(3. flore pleno. Bot. Repof. 587. 

JAM MA Buki altera. K<emp. Am<en. 845. 

CORCHORUS flore pleno e Japonica. Hottuyiu Linn. Pfi- 
Syji. 7. p. 245. /. 45. /. 2. 



The Corchoru s japonicus^ though of very late introduction, 
is likely to be foon common, as it increafes very faft by fuckers 
which the roots throw up in numbers, and (Hikes mod readily 
from cuttings. At prefent it is treated as a greenhoufe-, fome- 
times as a ftove-fhrub, but will probably be found fufficiently 
hardy to bear the cold of our winters in the open air as well 
as the Ophiopogon japonicus (No. 1063) which likewiie 
grows fpontaneoufly about Nagafaki. 

The fingle-flowered variety has not, to our knowledge, 
been ever feen in Europe : that with double flowers was in- 
troduced into the Kew Gardens in 1805, by Mr. William 
Kerr ; from whence it has already fpread into raoft 01 tne 
principal colle&ions about London. It is cultivated both in 
Japan and China as an ornamental fhrub. . , 

Our drawing was taken from a fmall plant communicate 
to us by Mr. Devey, Florift, in the King's-Road, Chellea, 
in Auguft laft ; but its more natural feafon of flowering ap- 
pears to be in the fpring : in Japan it blooms in February 
and the following months. 



Wl2j>f 








C 12 97 ] 

Styphelia triflora. Cluster-flowered 

Styphelia. 

■$-$-$■ % ■%■% jNhh^ rt* ■*■ $■ -#- ** * f- 

C/rt/> <jw^ Order. 

PEN TAN DR I A MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. bra&eis 4 pluribufve. Cor. elongato-tubulofa; fw£fl intus 

juxta bafin fafciculis 5 villorum : /////£o laciniis revolutis, bar- 

batis. Fil. exlerta. Ovarium 5-loculare : loculis monofperrais. 

Dn//>a fubexfucca, putamine ofleo, folido. Brown. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STYPHELIA triflora; foliis elliptico- veloblongo-lanceolatis 
planis glaucis : paginis marginibulque laevibus, 
ramulis glabris, floribus corvmbofo-approxi- 
matis, pedunculis 1 — 3-flori.s. Brown Prod. 
Nov. Hoi. p. 537. 

STYPHELIA triflora; foliis imbricatis fparfis glaucis, ovato- 
mucronatis, floribus axillaribus ternis. Bot. 
Repof. 72. 

STYPHELIA triflora \ racemis fparfis, axillaribus, trifloris ; 
foliis fparfis, imbricatis, ovatis, acuminatis, 
concaviufculis, glaucis. Gaivler Recenf. Plant. 

Re pof. 13. 

There appears to be a confiderable difference in the form 
and colour of the corolla, between the figure here given, and 
that in the Botanift's Repofitory ; but as our plant correfponds 
with the character given by Mr. Brown in his Prodromus, we 
°o not hefitate to refer it to his S. triflora. The peduncles 
ar e not exclufivcly three- flowered, but more frequently one or 
tw °-flowered, are axillary, and crowded together at about the 
middle of the branch. The bracks at the bale of the calyx 
ar e not very well expreffed in the figure ; they are generally 
three, very obtufe, the exterior one much imaller than the 
others, befides a few minute imbricate fcales, fcarcely dif- 
cernible to the naked eye. It is a handfome evergreen, re- 
hiring only to be protected from froft, and when they come to 
'lower freely, which at prefent few are of fufificient age to do, 
Will he very fhewy. 

. Propagated by feeds and cuttings. Flowers in July. Na- 
tive of New-Holland in the neighbourhood of Port- Jackfon. 
■introduced about 1793, by Mr. Hibbert. Our drawing was 
fnade from a plant communicated by Mr. Knight, of the 
Kmg's-Road, Chelfea. 



A J 




•9- 



C 1298 ] 

Narcissus orientalis (x). Pale-cupped 
white Garden Narcissus. 

Specifc Charafter and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS orientalis ; (umbella pluri-multi flora ; fit. fere 
tota adnata ; anth. altenice infra os tubi h<eren~ 
tes, 3 intra coronam projiantes ;) foliis lineari- 
loratis, carinatis, glaucinis ; fcapo fubtercti ; 
pedicellis fpatha Iongioribus ; corollae tubo la- 
cinias fubadaequante ; corona iflis fubtriplo 
breviore, patentiffime cupulata, trilobata re- 
panda. G. 

NARCISSUS orientalis. Hort. Kew. 1. 409; nee Linnet, qui 
biflorum voluit. G. 

(<*>) herba glauciore ; fcapo obfoletius ftriato, obefius tereti ; 
coronas lobulorum margine integerrima. G, 

N. tereticaulis. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 5. 245. 

\&) fcapo ftriatulo ; coronae lobulorum margine minus aequa- 
bili. G. 

N. orientalis. y. Nobis fupra No. 946 (exclufa N' 1 - 940 citatione), 

(7) flore luteo ; corona faturatius colorata. G. 

N. orientalis. Nobis fupra No, • 1026 ; excl, N° rum 940 et 948 
tationibus. 

W Bore fubpleno. G. Supra No. 1011. 

N. Tazzetta. Prod. Flor. Gr<ec. Sibth. v. 1. 220/ 

N. medio luteus copiofo flore odore gravi. Rudb. Ely/. 2. 57. 
/• 11. 

N. narbonenfis medio luteus. Park. Par. t. 81./ 3. 

N. byzantinus totus luteus. Id. eod. 78/ 

*J» medio luteus polyanthos. Ger. Entac. 124. f. 8. 

N. precox fimplici flore. I. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 154.— latifolius fim- 
plex medio luteus. III. Id. eod. 



This is the real orientalis of the Hort us Kewenfis. Probably 
pative of the Levant and Italy. The orientalis of Linn^us 

J * the fy&rtf j of No. 179. G. 

Emendanda. 



EMENDAKDAo 

No. 940. For "Narcissus ori entalis (*)" read "Nar- 
cissus Trewianus. Largest Trew's Narcissus." 

NARCISSUS trewianus ; (% — 5 -flora s : fik adnata : anth. ori 
tubi circuinpofit<£ ,• 3 intra coronam prominula ;) 
foliis lineari-loratis carinatis ; fcapo tereti- 
ancipiti ftriatO ; pedicellis fpaiha fublongioribus; 
corollae rubo genuine 3plo longiore ; corona 
laciniis fubduplo breviore, campanulato-rotata, 
plicato - corrugata, obfolete tnlobo - repanda, 
margine inaequabiliter fiffa, fubdentato-eroiula, 
G. 

N. orientalis (a). Supra No. 940. 

Bafelman major. Trcw. Seligm. 1. /. 23. 

N. latifolius byzaminus medio luteus. II. Cluf. Hift. 1. 154. 

N. anglicus polyanthos. Park. Par. 82. /. 81. /. 6- 

N. polyanthos major albus calyce medio croceo-luteo. Rudb. 
Ely/, t. 60. /. vi. 

In the above cited number, we had confidered this as a 
variety of orientalis ; we now think otherwife. We believe it 
to be the (lock from which the biflorus (No. 194) our gardens 
has degenerated, and doubt very much the truth of that being 
an aboriginal plant of this country. In all the fpecimens of 
biflorus we have obferved the anthers were white and devoid 
of pollen, whence the plant never perfected its fruit. Probably 
native of the Levant. There i&.a fmaller variety of the pre- 
fent fpecies with more flowers. G. 



No. 948. For "Narcissus orientalis (j3)" read "Nar- 
cissus INCOMPARABILIS ((3)." 

NARCISSUS incomparabilis. Vid.fupra No. 51, et in No. 934* 

ad alterius pagina calcctv. 
(&) fubbiflorus j corona trilobaum erofa. Anne -pur a varietal? 

Vet ex mixta cum orientali generatione enata planta ? G. 
N. orientalis, Hazvcrtb. Linn. Tranf. 5. 244 ; nee aiiorum. 

In No. 948 we had confidered this alfo as a variety of 
crientalis ; but after having examined the living fpecimens, we 
have no doubt of its being much nearer to incomparabilis, with 
which it agrees in colour, habit, fcent, and very diftincl cha- 
racter of the ftamens ; the crown is evidently imperfect. G. 



C 1299 ] 

Narcissus bifrons (/3.) Jo'nquil-scented 
Narcissus. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. N is - 924 et 925. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. — See above No. 1 186. 

NARCISSUS bifrons. Vid.fupra No. 1186. 

(*) corollae corona erofo-fexlobata, margine minus asquabili. G. 

NARCISSUS bifrons. Supra No. 1186. 

NARCISSUS medio luteo copiofiore flore ftellato odoratus. 

Rudb. Elyf. t.f. ix. 
NARCISSUS comprejfus. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 5. 245. 
{$) corollae corona campanulato-rotata, sequabiliter fexlobato- 

incifa, margine integerrima. G. 



The variety « is what |3 generally becomes when long cul- 
tivated in our gardens ; at leaf! &, is in the (late we have Teen 
this fpecies when new-imported from Holland, and |3 that in 
which we have feen it after feveral years abode with us. The 
crown of the corolla in this genus is one of the moil variable 
parts of the flower. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen in the Nurfery of 
Meffrs. Gi bbs and Co. Old-Brompton. G. 



Nrl30a 




[ 1300 ] 

Narcissus moschatus(S). Smaller white 
Spanish Daffodil. 

Oafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N ot - 924 ct 925. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms. — See above, No. 924. 

■NARCISSUS mofchatus ; (uniflorus ; ft am. aqualia ab imo tuho 

libera, intra coronam conniventer porrecla i) 

foliis lineari-loratis, carinatis, varie glaucinis 

(quan.toque tottim obliquatis ;) fcapo tereti- 

comprdfo, ancipiti, itriato ; fpatha tubutn 

fupcrante ; pediceilo crafTo breviflimo ; ger- 

mine quam tubus parum breviore ; tubo quam. 

corona triplo breviore ,- limbi laciniis oblongo- 

lanceolatis lateribus reflexis (tnodo oh'iquatisj 

corona parum brevioribus, interioribus fere 

duplo anguitioribu-s ; corona maxima, cyathi- 

formi c\ lindracea, deorfum obfolete hexagona^ 

furfum denfius plicato-corrugata, intus rugulis 

minutis tranfverfim lineolata, ore brevi fex- 

lobaroincifo ; lobis rotundatis, recurvato-pa- 

tulis, margine obfoletius inique dentaris, crif- 

. pulis. G. 

^ARCISSUS mofchatus. a. Fid.fupraNo.gi^ttbiaddipofwt; 

NARCISSUS tortufus. Haworth. Mifc. Nat. 179. 

PSEUDO-NARCISSUS bifpanicus major albus. Park. Par. 

/ « '• 1 °7- /• 6 - 

(^corolla minore, candidiore ; corona limbo firme exacle 

ifometra. G.—Inodorus ? 

^ARCISSUS alius. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 5. 243. 

£• candidiffimus. Lif. a Redout e. /. 188. 

PSEUDO-NARCISSUS hifpanicus minor albus. Park. Par. 

t. ia> f. 4. 

A much 



A much rarer plant in our gardens than the one already 
published in No. 924. We are indebted to Mr. Haworth 
of Liulc-Chelfea, for the fpecimen from which our drawing 
was made. We fufpecl that this, major, and bicolor are mere 
varieties of each other. Pfcudo-Narcijfus and minor are evidently 
diftincl from them all, but very probably varieties of each 
other. The three former are moft probably native of Spain 
and other fouthern parts of the continent, the latter of Great- 
Britain and the more northern parts of Europe. G. 




J&JS01. 



wnsidmt&jki. 



j€J 



C 1301 ] 

Narcissus major. £. y. Large yellow 
Spanish Narcissus. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS major-, cara&er, quem fupra in No. 1300, 
mojihalo afcripfimus, in hancce quoque fpenem 
exa£te quadrat, nifi quod hie corona? lobi 
profundius feparati fint, defitque corrugatio 
lineolata interna. G. 

N. major, a. Fid. fupra No. 51. bicolor ; quoad Q ei y. Willi. 
Sp. PL 2. 23. 

PSEUDO N. hifpanicus maximus aureus. Park. Par.t. ioi. 

P. N. major hifpanicus. Cluf. Hifl. 1. 165. 

(/3) corona anguftiore, ore minus patente, foliis vix obliquis. G. 

Figura fuperior in Tabula. 
P. N. aureus praecox. Hort. EyJI. Vtrn. Ord. 3./0/. 6./. 1. 
N. major luteus calyce praelongo alter. Rudb. Eys. /. jo.f. g. 
(?) flore minore. G. Figura inferior in Tabula. 
N. Sibthorpii. Haworth. Linn. Tranf. 5. 243. excluf. obferv. 
"• N. hifpanicus minor. Park. Par. t. 107./. 2. 

See what we have obferved on mofebatus and bicohr in 
#*" 9 2 4> 1187, an d J 300. G. 



Specierum Enumeratio. 

Unifiori. **~polia lineari-Iorata, carinata. G. 
pfeudo-Narciffus. £»£. £»/. /. 17. £*7. a 7?^. /. 158. 
minor. Supra No. 6 ; pracedentene diflinttus ? 

'major. Supra No. 51, (j8j. i\fo. 1301. fig. fupera. (y). in eod. 
fig. in/era. 
bicolor. Supra No. 11S7. 
mofchatus. Supra No. 924. f|9). No. 13CK). 
ln comparabilis. ^«/>rj A^>. 121, et in No. 934, ad alterius 
paging calcem i Gouani. Lit. a Red. t. 220. (|3). 
fubbiflorus. Supra No. 1298 in Emend, pag. alt; 
orientalis. (fi.) fupra No. 948/ orientalis. Haw. 
Linn. Tranf. 5. 244. Fix mera varietas ? Reftius 
for/an mixta generations planta ? G. 

**Folia 



** Folia femitereiia, atfenuaiafurfum, ecarinata. G. 

Bulbocodium. Supra No. 88. Lil. a Red. t. 24. 

triandrus. Supra No. 48. ((3). No, 1262. 

*Plurifiori. G. 

calathinus. Supra No. 934. excl. (y). odorus. Lil. a Red. t. 157, 
elatior. Haw. Lin. Tranf. 5. 244. (,3). odorus Jupra 
No. 78. 

trilobus. Supra No. 945. 

bifrons. Supra No. 1186. (j3). No. 1299. 

Jonquilla. Supra No. 15. £?7. # 7?^. /. 159. 

ferotinus. Desfont. Flor. all. t. 82. Willd.jp. pi. 2. 41. 

*Multiflori. **Folia Uneari-lorata. ***Corona brevis. G. 

poeticus. £«£-. £0/- /. 275. (j3). anguftifolius. Supra No. 193. 

tenuior. Supra No. 373 / vix pura /pedes ? 

biflorus. Supra No. 179.; hie verus Linncei in Mantijfa orien- 
talis, nequaquam vero Horti Kewenfis> ut conjlat ex 
fpecimine in Herb. Bank/. Planta ob antheras polline 
orbatas Jlerilis ? A Jubjcquente for/an in nojlris hortis 
degeneraia ? G. 

trewianus. Nobis Jupra No, 1299, in emendandis. orientalis. (a). 
Supra No. 940, expurgatafynonymia. G. 

orientalis. Supra N' ,s - 946, 1011, 1026, et 1299. Hort. Kew. 1. 
409. (excluf. Lin.) tereticaulis. Haw. Lin. Tranf. 5. 
245. Tazzetta. Prod. Ft. Grac. Sibthorp. 1. 2 20,- 9 

italicus. Supra No. 1188. 

papyraceus. Supra No. 949. 

dubius, Willi. Sp. PI. 2. 40. Nee nobis in vivo noius. 



\ 




t ,r„A 



C *3°2 j 

Peliosanthes Teta. Green-flowered 

Teta. 

-& fc-fc % $ £ £- $■ * -£-#- |t -:;;• * $ £ * 

C7//} a#*/ Order. 

Hexandria Monogyni a. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. o. Cor. fupera, marcefcens, hexapetalo-divifa, rotato- 
c *planata, in dif'co bulla cava glandulofa circular! concolord 
germinitega medio pervia umbiiicate aucb ; laciniis parabolice 
oblongis, aeqiittlibus. Fit. brevtfBma aequa!ia, bullae intus 
adnat.i. Antb. bilocularcs, didvmae, tranfverfe oblongoe, bullae 
on accumbenter circumpoGtx, ilylum verfus deliifcentes. 
lienu. triloculare, ovulis in loculo binis ? collateralibus. Stylus 
wreviffimus, crafTus, truueato - pyramidatus, acute trigonus, 
v jndiffitnus, umbonulo ftamtneo (quern perineal dnm aperturam 
yus Jubobiurat) ilbmeter. Stigma cicatricula triradiata in fumino 
ftyJo fignata. G. 

Ufls. Ex agro bengalenfi. Planta herbacea, perennis, vix pedalis ; radix 

nMzomate centrali crajjius fimpliciterque fibrofa ; folia plura radicalia, 

Wibientia, eretlo-divergentia, e bafi pctiolatim anguflata in laminam oblonga- 

wieeaJaiam triplo longiorem ampliata,pHcato-nervfa, denfe tranfverfe venofa, 

glabra; caul is ffctpe pluresj armuus, Jimplex, folia vix arfsquuns, inter- 

Jviaceus, teres, Jtriilus, g/aber, violaceo-viridis, deorfum foliolis nmnnllis 

v Ji's braftea-formibus ftipatus ; inflor. aggregato-racemofa y ex fafciculis 

Funmis 2-5 fl jr is fefjilibus bratleutis in racemum ereclum fpurjim digejiis ; 

r . es e, ec!i, fuhberbucei ? vioiaceo-viridefcentes> inodori, pedicellati, tertiam 

Uncue partem tiiametro fubadaqi.utntrs, laciniis longitudine fere germinis ; 

"fUn. tinll't.r* i.i.r a.. 1:.. it; .'...■ t.,^I,!™.,*i .-«.#" I'/int'm/t /!»•» «'/«_ 



^'pallii'to-lutefcntes; pedicelli germhii turbinate cui continui fere ifo- 
""""'i leretes, g.abri, ftnguli bra&ea membranacea ovato-acuminata csnilam 
J ub udcequante except i. Nee coram vidimus jnidum maturum. G. 

Specific Cbaraclcr and Synonyms. 

P£ LIOSANTIIES teta. Hot. Re?. Tab. 525 ; quoad partes 
T dtfttlwi exbrbttas parum fida. G. 

1 ETA viridifiora. Roxburgh Cat. Mf penes D. A. B. Lambert, 
T abfque omni defer fptionc. 

^TA. Bengalenfitus. 

Lately 



Lately introduced into this country by Dr. Roxburgh, from 
Chittagong on the Coaft of Bengal. Is faid to have firlt 
(lowered in the collection of Lady Amelia Hume. Our 
drawing was taken from a fpecimen that bloomed this fummer 
at Mr. Vere's, Kenfiogton; where it was cultivated in the 
bark-bed of the hothoufe. The flowers kept falling off", parting 
from the pedicle juft below the germen, without ripening their 
fruit, indeed before they begun to decay. Mr. Brown believes 
that there is a joint at the place where this feparation takes 
place; but we could not ourfelves perceive any. A very 
lingular genus ; feems to us in general appearance to come 
nearer to Heiohias or rather Veratrum (if thefe genera 
are to be kept diAinct) than to any other vegetable we know 
of j at the fame tune they differ in feveral material points, as 
may be fecu by the above defcription, G. 




■ y.'hrfaX'Zep (>er ce , t f „ 



'uiy.fJtJc 






C W3 ] 

COFFEA ARABICA. CoFFEE-Tr£E. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. hypocrateriformis. Stam. fupra tubum. Bacca infera 
difperma. Sem. arillata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
COFFEA arabica; foliis oblongo-ovatis acuminatis, pedun- 

culis axillaribus aggregatis, corollis quinquefidis. 

Wiild.Sp. PL i.p.973. 
COFFEA arabica ; floribus quinquefidis, baccis difpermis. 

Sp. Pi. 245. Aman. Acad. v. 6. p. 160. Gart. Sem. 

\*p. 118. /. 25. Hort. Kezv. 1. p. 229. Kniph. Cent. 

\\. n. 32. Regn. Bot. 
COFFEA Hort. Cliff. 59. Blackzv. t. 37. Pienck Ic. t. 130. 

Ellis Monogr. Douglas Monogr. Mofcley Monogr. 

SitanderAtl.Slockh. 17 57. p. 236*. Lamarck II. 1. 16*0. 
JASMINUM arabicum lauri folio, cujus femen apud nos 

CofTe dicitur. Jujfieu Act. Paris 1713. p. 291. /. 7. 
JASMINUM arabicum, caiianeae folio, flore albo odoratiflimo. 

Till. Pi/. 87. /. 32. 
EUONYMO fimilis ^Egyptiaca, fru&u baccis lauri fimili. Bauh. 

Pin. 498. 
BON. A/ fin. JEgypt. ed. 1. p. 26. t. 27. ed. 2. />. 63. t. 65. 

<?</. 3. />. 36. /. 16. 
£ON. **/ BAN arbor. Bauh. Hijl. 1. p. 422. Pink. Aim. 6g. 

Phyt. t. 272./. l. Park. Theat. 1622. 

The Coffee-tree is fully defcribed by Ellis and feveral other 
writers; and Gartner has given an elaborate defcription of 
the fruit. Some points however are better explained by the 
fecond figure from the left hand in our plate, which reprefents 
a tranfverfe feclion of the ieed t feparated from its arillus. This 
jhews the manner in which the feed is, as it were, rolled up, as 
j* it had been originally comprefled and orbicular ; for that it 
is not the albumen atone, which is i'o convoluted, is proved by 
l &i«, that the arillus can be vifibly traced through all the con- 
volutions. It is on account of this ilru&ure, that, when a per- 
pendicular fe&ion of the feed is made, a portion of it falls out 
a nd leaves a cavity, as is reprelented both in Gartner's and 
our figures. The embryo does not lie expofed in this cavity, 
as might be conceived by the figures, but is imbedded in the 
°uter or dorfal convolution and brought into view by difleft- 
ln g away part of the albumen. 

As 



As cultivated in our itoves, the Coffee-tree, if allowed fuffi- 
cient fpace, makes a very handfome evergreen fhrub, and will 
both flower and ripen its fruit. The flowers, which are very 
fweet-fcented, efpecially after fun-fet, are fo like thofe of 
jalmin that it is not furprifing that botanifts mould at firft have 
conlidered this tree as belonging to the fame genus. 

Coffee had been imported into every part of Europe, and 
ufed as a favourite beverage, long before it was known of what 
plant it was the product. Profper Alpinus had feen the Coffee- 
tree, without fructification, in ibme gardens in Egypt; but the 
firit intelligent botanical account was publifhed by Ant. de 
Jussieu, in the memoirs of the Academy of Sciences in Paris 
in 1713. It was introduced to Europe by means of Wits en, 
a Burgomalter of Amfierdam and Chairman of the Dutch Eall- 
Inriia Company, who gave directions to the governor of Batavia 
to procure feeds from Mocha in Arabia Felix. Thefe being 
fown in the Hland of Java, feveral plants were produced, and 
one was tranlmitted to Witsen about the year 1690, who pre- 
fented it to the botanic garden at Amsterdam, of which he had 
been the founder. From the progeny of this plant, not only the 
principal botanic gardens in Europe, but alfo the Weft- India 
Iflands, were iupplied with this interefting tree. Within fix 
years after its introduction into Holland, it appears to have been 
cultivated by Bifhop Compton at Fulham. 

Much has been written upon the effects of Coffee on the 
conftitution, which by fome are confidered as highly falutary, 
and by others as very injurious. There is no poffibility of 
reconciling accounts fo contrary ; but doubtlefs the effects are 
various upon different perfons. One fource of difference has 
not been fufficiently attended to, which is the mode of pre- 
paring and taking it; exceffive roafting for inftance muft 
change its qualities altogether, and reduce it to the nature of 
charcoal ; and what, as a grateful aromatic bitter, may, when 
taken pure, promote digeftion, fhall become altogether inimical 
thereto by being mixed with fugar and cream. If we expect 
to experience effects fimilar to what it produces upon the Arabs 
and Turks, we ought to follow their example, to ufe it as foon 
as roafled, and without admixture- 
Flowers with us in Auguft and. September. Propagated by 
the berries, which mult be fown foon after they are gathered, or 
they will not vegetate. Being native of Arabia Felix, within 
the tropics, requires to be kept in the ftove, but. fhould be 
allowed a free circulation of air, or the leaves become damp 
and covered with infects, which render tne piant unfightly, and 
if not remedied will infalliby deltroy it. Commmicated by 
Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



M-'j '><■ i 




C W4 1 
Fabricia laevigata. Smooth Fabricia. 

4 MM* **M|hJ t# *-*■*■**•*••* #• & 

r4?/i tf?/<tf Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charabler. 

Cat. 5-fidus, femifuperus. /Vta/rf 5, feffilia. Stigma capitatum. 
Capfula multilocuiaris. Sew. alata. Smith. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FABRICIA laevigata; foliis alternis. 

FABRICIA laevigata; foliis obovatis alternis glaucis, dentibus 
calycinis triangularibus. JVilld. Sp. PL 2, p. 951. 
FABRICIA laevigata. Smith. Tranf. Lin. Soc. 3. £. 265. 
G<ertn. fern. 1. p. 175. 



The genus Fabricia was flrft eftablifhed by Gartner, who 
has given an excellent figure of the fruit, and has been con- 
firmed by Dr. Smith in the 3d volume of the Tranfaclions 
of the Linnean Society. The petals have fhort ungues and 
are not, as defcribed by Gsertner, entirely feffile. The lamina 
of the petals are nearly orbicular and undulated at the margin. 
The lacinias of the calyx are reflected upon the germen and 
Jemiorbicular, not triangular, at leaft in a recent flate, though 
ln drying, the rolling of the fides inwards fometimes gives 
them that form. The leaves though perfectly free from pubef- 
c ence in their adult ftate, when they firft appear are clothed on 
their under furface with fine filky hairs. 

This fhrub has been twenty years in this country, but we have 
not heard of its having flowered any where; the fpecimen 
from which our drawing was taken, bloomed laft May in the 
botanic garden belonging to the Dublin Society, whence it 
was kindly tranfmitted to us in a recent ftate, by Dr. Walter 
^ade, of the King's and Queen's College, Profeffor of 
Botany, 



JPjmj 




[ *3°5 ] 

Euphorbia Mellifera. Honey-bearing 

Euphorbia. 

C/j/jt #w</ Order, 

DODECANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-feu 5-petala, calyci infidens.Cal. l-phyllus.ventricofus. 
Cap/, tricocca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EUPHORBIA mellifera; foliis fparfis lanceolatis acutis laevi- 
bus, pedunculis dichotomis, capfulis muricatis. 
Hort. Kew. 3. p. 493. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 892, 
Vent. Malmaif. 30. 

EUPHORBIA longifolia. Lamarck. Dicl. n. 13. 



The Euphorbia mellifera is a native of Madeira, whence 
il was introduced to the royal garden at Kew in 1784 by Mr. 
Masson. It forms a very handfome fhrub, growing with a 
ftraight ftem and branching at the top. The branches are well 
clothed with leaves, very much refemblingthofeof the Oleander, 
an d bear the flowers in panicles at their extremities. The 
name was given it from the extraordinary quantity of honey 
kcreted by the petals, the odour of which fpreads far around. 
Except the figure in the Jardin de Malmaifon, publifhed at 
Pa ris, under the aufpices of the Emprefs Jofephine, we know 
of no reprefentation of this plant. It requires to be carefally 
Proteaed from froft. 

Is propagated by cuttings. Flowers in April. Communicated 
t0 us by Mr. Barr, Nurferyman, Ball's-Pond, Hlington, a 
Wilful and experienced horticultural, to whofe urbanity wq 
ar e frequently indebted. 



~Wjso6. 




7. ii~Jmr U*&,, &rttn£*4~£ 



C i3°6 ] 

Aloe arborescens. Narrow-leaved 

Sword-Aloe. 

•$-$# ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<♦♦♦,♦♦♦* < ♦ * 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE arhorefcens i (fubarboreo-caudefcens ; flores c majoribus, 
refto-cylindrici, hexapetalo-partiti, nutantes ; ) foliis 
amplexicaulibus, in coraam terminalem ambienter 
aggregatis, lorato-acuminatis, fere a bafi attenuatis, 
convoluto-concavis, recurvato-reflexis, fucculentis, 
gtabris, glaucefcentibus, margine ferrato-fpinofis, den- 
tibus junioribus viridibus ; caule fimplici, brafteis 
vagis confito ; racemo pyramidali-oblongato, den- 
fiore ; pedicellis ereao-divergentibus, bradeas ovato- 
acuminatas fubaequantibus ; corolla his fublongiore, 
rotundato-trigona, ore brevi-patula ; ftaminibus fub- 
inclufis; ftylo fubexferto. G. 

ALOE arborefcens. Mill. Dicl. ft. 3. Decandolle PL Gr. 38. 
cum 1c. Haworlh in Linn. Tranf. 7. 20. n. 43. (excL 
perfoliata. j3. Linn, et Comm. Prat. 69. /. 18.) Bot. 
Rep. tab. 468. 

A. perfoliata. a. arborefcens. Hort. Kew. 1. 466. Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. 

A. perfoliata. *. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. v. 1. 320. ed. 2. v. 1. 
458. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 186 ,• ubi ut et in ed. 2. Sp. PL 
ex lapfu typographic omittitur * propria varietatts ?tota. 

A. africana caulefcens foliis glaucis caulem ampleaantibus. 
Comm. Hort. 2. 27. tab. 14. 

A. caulefc. fol. reflexis margine fpinofis africana. Pink. Pbyt. 

129. /. 3- 
ALOES a cornes de belier. Lam. Did. Encyc. 1. 87. 
Common Cape Tree-Aloe. Pet. Gaz. Dec. 7 et 8. p. 10. tab. 
86. / 3. 

Caudex fometimes attaining the heighth of ten or twelve 
f eet; leaves about two inches broad at their bafe; braeJes 
reddifh, ftriate, membranous-fphacelate ; corolla or a bright 
red colour, greenifh at the end ; alternate ftamens fomewnat 
loader and firmer than the others as well as fhorter; anthers 
*nile entire vermillion coloured ; JlyU flexuofe upwards with a 

fimple ftigmatofe point. , 

A grqenhoule 



A greenhoufe plant. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
Cultivated by P.Miller. Flowers in November and De- 
cember. We are indebted for the prefent fpecimen to the 
kindnefs of Mr. Haworth, whofe colle&ion of fucculent 
plants is probably the completed in England. G. 



NOTE. 

No. 663. Scilla Italica. 

Since our account of this fpecies, we have allured ourfelves 
that the italica <rf Linn a. us is the fame with the verna of 
Hudson and fubfequent authors; and of courfe diftinft from 
the plant given in the above-cited Numero ; which is however 
the italica of the Hortus Kezvenjis, fpecimens of which are de- 
polited in the Bankfian Herbarium. The fynonymy adduced 
by Hudson to verna is erroneous, and belongs to the plant 
given in our work. Tims the Linnean italica with the fyno- 
nyms (hould be referred to verna j whilft our fynonymy mould 
be amended as follows : 

SCILLA italica. Hort.Kezv. 1.443. AMon. FLpedem. n, 1896. 

Link et U'jj'm. in Scilla. Ann. Bot. 1. 102; excl. 

pajfim Linnao ejujque fynonymis ad vernam relegandis. 

G. 
PHALANGIUM, &c. Hall llelv. n. 1212. cxclfyn. 
ORNTTHOGALUM hifpanicum minus. Cluf. Hiji. 1. 188. 

Park. Par. 139. Ger. Emac. 166. fig. ±> 

In ilaiira the bracles are double, in verna fingle. There is 
no fpecimen of italica in the Linnean Herbarium ; of courfe 
the fpecies muft be made out from the fynonymy and what 
delcription is left us. Is the vincenttna really diftincl from 
italica ? See our enumeration of the fpecies in No. 1185. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 1293, pag. alt. 1. 28, for •• 6" read " 68." 
No. 1298, 1. 23, pro " tatiovibxs" lege " cilationilus" 

*- psg. alt. I. 2S, for " No. 51" read ** No. 121.' 

No. 1299. 1. ifi, for " a" read »« &." 

— i- 17, for *' (3" read " a." 

No. i3Ql f I. 1?) pro .. E ys ;> j ege ,< Jgj^ t » 

■"<?• *3°3» P a S« ait « k U> P r <? " cream" lege " cream," 



2£afy 




^«/^W,- ., 



[ *3°7 ] 
Phlox pilosa. Hairy Phlox, or 
1 Lychnidea. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Filam. inaequalia. Stigma 3-fidum. 
Cal. prifmaticus. Cap/. 3-locularis, 1-fperma. 

Specific Charatler arid Synonyms. 

"HLOX pilqfa ; hirfuta, caule erefto, foliis lineari-lanceo- 

Iatis, foliolis calycinis fubulatis, tubo corollae cur- 

vulo pubefcente. 
"HLOX pilofa ; foliis lanceolatis villous, caule ereclo, co- 

rymbo terminali. Mill. Dicl. ed. 6. Sp. PL 216. 

Reich. 1. 431. IVilld. 1. 840. 
HLOX arijlaia ; vifcidulo-pubefcens : foliis fublinearibus: 

panicula e racemis laxis et fubgeminifJoris faUigiata: 

ariftis calycinis longiffimis. Michaux 1. p. 144 ? 
•^iCHNOIDES Marilandica Jafmini flore quinquepartito, 

calycibus lanuginofis, foliis anguftis acutis. Raj, 

Sup. 490. 
^ CHNIDEA umbelliferaBlattariEeaccedens Virginiana major 

repens, foliis piiofis Pfeudo-melanthii, flore albo 

pentapetaloide fiftulofo. Plitk. Aim. 233. /. 98./. 1. 



There is no Phlox pilofa in the laft edition of the Hortus 
J^wenfis, confequently, if this fpecies had ever been intro- 
duced into our gardens, it was probably loft long before the 
j! me of the publication of that work. It was however very 
°°n after introduced by Mr. Fraser of Sloane-Square, who 
^covered it in his travels in North-America, to which country 
- has mad# no lefs than feven voyages, fome of which 

were 



were extended to the Weft- India Ifles and to Newfoundland, 
for the purpofe of collecting plants ; and many of our late 
valuable acquifitions are due to his laborious zeal, particularly 
the J atropha pandurtefdia> figured at No. 604 of this work ; 
one of the mod ornamental plants in our itoves, bearing a ctm- 
ftant iucceffion of brilliant fcarlet flowers through the whole 
year. 

If our fynonym from Ray be right, of which we can 
hardly doubt, from his fo accurately defcribing the long, 
pointed, hairy fegments of the calyx, this plant was, in his 
time, brought from Maryland into England by a Mr. Ver- 
non, but whether in a living or dried ftate he does not fay. 

Plukenet defcribes the flowers as white, but the colour 
entirely disappears in drying, which might deceive him. That 
our plant does however vary with white flowers we learn from 
two very fimilar fpecimens preferved in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, lent by Bartram in 1764. The flowers of one of 
thefc are defcribed as flefh-coloured with a red centre, of the 
other white with a red centre; in both the items are erect, 
and the whole plant hairy even to the tube of the corolla. 

Michaux defcribes fimilar varieties of his ar/Jlata, which 
adds to the probability that it is the fame with our pilqfa. 

Our drawing was taken in Mr. Vere's garden at Kenfington- 
Gore, from a fpecimen in which the corolla was often varioufly 
jagged ; but, except a few minute indentations, vifible at 
their points, the lacinias are naturally quite entire, fometimes 
ob.ufe at others pointed. 

Mr. Fraser found this fpecies in the weftern parts of 
Georgia and South-Carolina, and likewife about Santee River, 
the very fituation which Michaux points out as the habitat of 
his arijiata. If our other fynonyms are correct, it mult like- 
wife be indigenous to Maryland and Virginia. 

Flowers in May, June, and July. Is more tender than fome 
of the fpecies of this genus. 



j\?J30S. 




"* J ^* < *"»t»i' z>& 



■n+i '< &*t~ &„■!•*, 



/rjfr,Ji»ti*A fl 



C *3o8 J 
Phlox amcena. Eraser's hairy Phlox. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No, 1307. 

Specific Charatler. 

PHLOX amaena ; hirfuta, caulibus aflurgentibus, foliis ovato- 
Janceolatis, foliolis calycinis fubulatis, corollae tubo 
flriclo glabro. 

"HLOX pilofa; humilis, decumbens, pubefcens : foliis lan- 
ceolatis, afperiufculis : fummitatibus fubfefliliter 
fafciculifloris : calycis foliolis fubulatoacuminatis : 
corollae laciniis rotundato-obtufis. Michaux Flor. 
Bor. Am. 1. p. 145 ? 

( This fpecies of Phlox is too nearly allied to the one figured 
in the preceding plate. The form of the calyx, the pubefcence 
of the item and leaves, and the inflorence, are juli the fame 
ln both, and the only points of difference, except in the 
colour, fize, and flatter expanfion of the corolla, that we can 
uncover, are that the ftem in our prefent plant is more de- 
cumbent,; the tube of the corolla ftraight and fmooth, which, 
in pihfa % is fomewhat curved and hairy ; the leaves are rather 
broader in the middle and narrowed towards each extremity, 
whereas in the other they are broadeft at the bafe and fre- 
quently, but not conftantly, auriculated. 

Pi- uke net's figure appears to us to belong to our pilofa^ 
as well as the fynonym quoted from Ray by Linn m us, and 
We fee no r^on to doubt but that it is the real pilofa of Lin - 
N *us. But what Michaux has defcribed for pilofa we take 
to be our amcena. Mr. Fraser firft difcoverad it in 1786, 
P e ar the Santee Canal, in South- Carolina, and never met with 
U in any other place. He has feveral times before attempted 
to introduce it into England, but without fuccefs until the 
Prefent year. 

Prom the fize and brilliancy of its flowers, it mult be 
deemed a valuable acquifition to our gardens. Flowers in 
May, j unei am j j u iy. Being a native of the fouthern ftate 
11 will probably be a little tender. 



m$ep. 




[ *3°9 ] 
Claytonia alsinoides. Chickweed 
Claytonia. 
♦ $ fr ♦ frjt ♦ $ » » tj j u j t t » it ♦ i i » » 

C/j/} #«J Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cal 2-valvis. Cor. 5-petaIa. £//£ot<2 3-fidum. Cj£/I 3-vaIvis, 
l-locularis, 3-fperma. 

Specific Charailer. 

CLAYTONIA aljinoides ; foliis radicalibus fpathulato-ovatis, 
caulinis ovatis diftinclis, racemis fubgeminatis, 
floribus fecundis, bra£ieis ovatis linearibufque. 

Descr. Root annual, or biennial, fibrous. Radical leaves 
on long footftalks, ovate, acute, gradually narrowed at the 
ba ' e > flefhy ; Cauline leaves one pair, ovate, fomewhat flefhy, 
°Ppofite, feflile but not connate. Immediately above the 
•eaves the ftem ufually divides into two, fometimes, though 
niore rarely, into three branches, bearing the flowers on long 
pedicles fingly, or two or three together, ufually looking one 
Wa y, more or lefs nodding both before and after the efflor- 
efcence ; furnifhed each with a bracle at its bafe, ovate like 
imall leaves at the lower, and linear at the upper ones. Calyx 
two-valved. Corolla of five petals, united at the bafe, white, 
e marginate. Filaments inferted into the bafe of the petals : 
Anthers red. In habit it bears fome refemblance to Stellar i a 
Media or common Chickweed. 

This fpecies is ufually taken for C.fibirica, to which it is 
Ve ry fimilar, but differs in the fize and form of its cauline 
,e aves, which in the latter are more than twice as large and 
°' a rhomboid fhapc, more remarkably veined, and more nar- 
rowed at the bafe, but connate ; it has alfo larger flowers, and 
0r >e of the racemes generally bears a pair of leaves ffmilar to 
*" e firfl ; the other bracW are air narrow and not like the 
nrft. 

Jt appears by the fpecimens preferved in the Bankfian Her- 
barium that our plant is a native of Nootka Sound, where it was 
jhfeovered by Mr. Menzies. Communicared by Mr. George 
^Raves, Walworth. Flowers in May, June, and July, and 
■ moift ground will maintain itfelf by its fcattered feeds, 



to 



^ith 



out other trouble than keeping clear from weeds 



C J 3i° ] 

GOODIA PUBESCENS. HAIRY GOODIA. . 

# ♦ t ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ frfr ♦ ♦ <l ♦ ♦ ♦# ♦ 

C&g/* d»</ Order, 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. labium fuperius abbreviatum, 2-dentatum : inferius 3- 
dentatum, produ&ius. Corolla carina truncata. Leg. pedicel- 
latum-, complanatum, dolabriforme, 2-fpermum. Stigma capi- 
tatum. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

GOODIA pnbefcens ; foliolis obcordatis villofis. 
GOODIA pnbefcens. Herbar. Bank/. 



We have given another fpecies of Goodia at No. 958, 
but without any fpecihc character, that being at the time the 
only one known to us. It may be characterized, Goodia 
lotifolia; foliolis obovatis glabris. 

Our prefent plant is chiefly diftinguifhed by having its 
branches, peduncles, and foliage covered with a foft pu- 
befcence. There are, however, flight differences in every part, 
fufficient to (hew that the two fpecies are really diftincl. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken flowered but 
fparingly, but in fome native fpecimens that we have feen, the 
racemes at leafl equalled, in fize and number of bloffoms, 
thofe of Goodia lotifolia. 

The genus Goodia fhould be placed next to Bossi^a, 
from which it is chiefly diftinguifhed by its legume being only 
two-feeded. 

Both fpecies being natives of Van Diemen's Ifland, may 
perhaps be found hereafter to be hardy enough to live without 
fheker, in the open ground, at leaft in the mildeft of our 
winters. Hitherto, however, they have been confidered as 
greenhoufe fhrubs. Propagated by cuttings or feeds. Com- 
municated by Meffrs. Loddises and Sons, 



M'lJH: 




A**-r£ur& srCc+fW* 




X'isji. 



mi. l.*l 



[ *3*i ] 
lupinus nootkatensis. nootka- 
Sound Lupin. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Col. 2-labiatus. Anthers 5 oblongs, 5 fubrotundae. Legum. 
coriaceum. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

LUPINUS nooikatcnfis ; calycibus verticillatis inappendicu- 
latis : labio infcriore integro, caule foliifque hir- 
futis, radice perenni. 

LUPINUS nootkatenjis. Bonn Cat. Hort. Cantab. 



There is a near affinity between this fpecies and the peren- 
ni s (No. 202) ; but befides that the whole plant is more robuft 
and very hairy, and the corolla confiderably larger, it fcems 
f° be diftinft in that the flowers grow in diitant whirls, wirch 
m the other are alternate. If we do not miftake. both fpecies 
occafionally vary with blue and with vanega;ed flowers. 

The Nootka-Sound Lupin, though of modern introdu&ion, 
is now much more common in our gardens than the old 
perennis, being hardier and more ikewy. It is eafily pro- 
pagated either by parting its roots or bv feeds, which it 
generally produces in this country. It will thrive in almoft 
an y foil or fituation, and is well adapted for growing in pots 
to decorate windows or flower Hands, 

flowers in May and June, Obtained from Mr. Salisbury's 
Eo^nic-Garden, Sloane-Street. 



C »3« ] 

Othonna amplexicaulis. Leaf-clasped 

Othonna. 

Cfo/) fl»i/ Order. 
Syngenesia Necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. l-phyllus, multindus, fubcylindricus. Rccept. nudum. 
Pappus fubnullus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

OTHONNA amplexicaulis s radice tuberofa, foliis amplexi- 

caulibus, pedunculis unitloris. 
OTHONNA amplexicaulis : foliis amplexicaulibus oblongis 

integris, caule frutefcente. 'Tbunb. Prod. 167. 

Wilid. Sp. PL 3. p. 2378. 



The items of this plant, though of a woody texture, are not 
properly frutefcent, as they die down annually. It has much 
affinity with Othonna bulbofa or pinnata ; for we are per- 
fuaded that the two laft-named plants are the fame, and repent 
that we did not keep the name of bulbofa to the pinnated va- 



riety, figured at No. 768. 

The Othonna amplexicaulis is a verv rare plant and we 
have never feen nor heard of its being in any collection in 
this country, but at Mr. Knight's Nurfery in the King's- 
Road, Chelfea, where our drawing was taken. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Propagated by feeds, and probably by cuttings of the root. 
Flowers in May and June. 



-A? 13/ 




[ *3*3 .1 

BlLLARDIERA MUTABILIS. CHANGEABLE- 

FLOVVERED BlLLARDIERA. 

♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ t &% -^-fc-fc 

Oafs and Order, 

PfiNTANDRIJV MoNOGYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5, foliolis calycinis akerna. Filament a receptaculo 
inferta. Stigma capitatum. Baccatwpera,, bilocularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonym, 

BlLLARDIERA mutabilis ; foliis lanceolato-linearibus, pe- 
dunculis folitariis unifloris glabris, fru&u 
lacvi. 

BlLLARDIERA (mutabilis) foliorum laminis lineari-lanceo- 
latis : floribus faepius folitariis : petalis 
demum purpureis rubrifque ; pericarpio 
fufiformi, laevi. Saltjb. Farad. Lond. 48. 

This fpecies is even rather more of a climber than Billar- 
dier a fcandens (vide N m - 801 J. It is in every ftage of its 
growth diftinguifhed by its narrower and fmoother leaves, 
which arc however clothed with a fhort pubefcence, fcarcely 
vifible to the naked eye ; when in flower, the changeablenefs 
of the corolla, which is at firft of a pale greenifh yellow and 
fades to a reddifh purple, affords a ftriking diftinclion. We 
have not obferved the fruit to differ materially in fhape from 
that of fcandens, but it is fmootb, and not villous, as in that. 

The young moots are hairy, but the peduncles appear to us 
to be always fmooth. 

In our account of Billardi era fcandens, in explanation of 
fome dilagreement between our figure and that given in Dr. 
Smith's Specimen of New-Holland Botany, we inadvertently 
attributed it to the latter being probably taken from a dried 
fpecimen, without recollecting that, in the preface to that work, 
Dr. Smith had aflured us, that the drawings were all made 
from living plants ; the difference mult confequently have 
anfen from fome other fource. 

Billardiera mutabilis is an elegant little climbing fhrub, 
flowering and fruiting through all the fummer months. It is 
a native of New South- Wales ; is eafily propagated by cuttings, 
or by feeds, which are frequently perfected with us. 

Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



C 1314 ] 

Aloe arachnoides. (y) reticulata. Pale 

ttETTED-VEINED-LEAVED DWARF AlOE. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N M - 765. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE arachnoides ,• (ccaudicata ; fores e mhtoribns, retli t 
eretiiufcuii i) foliis brevibus, radicalibus, multifariis, 
rofaceo - aggregatis, acuminatim lanceolatis, craflis, 
fucculentis, fubtuspulvinato-carinatis, fupraconvexulis, 
glabris, furfum trigono-cufpidatis ; fcapo limplice, re- 
motius racemofo ; pedicellis corolla 2-3DI0 breviori- 
bus, bracteas fubasquantibus ; corolla fexpartita, ven- 
tricofo-cylindracea, fuperne bilabiato-ringente ; fta- 
minibus inclufis. G. 
(*) foliis margine fubtufque membranaceo-ecbinatis. G* Viae 

fupra No. 756. 
((3j cefpkofe itolonifera; foliis atrovircntibus nitidis, ciliatis, 

infra papillolis. G. 
ALOE pumila. Haworth Limi.Tranf. 7. 10. Tbtinb. Prod. 61. 
A. airovirens. Decand. PL Gr. tab. 51. 
A. hcrbacea. Mill. Ditl. ed. 8. H. 18. 
A. arachnoides. pumila. Hori. Kcw, 1. 468. Willi* Sp> ?*• 2 * 

188. 
A. pumila. i> arachnoidea. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 460. 
A. africana minima atro-viridis, fpinis herbaceis numerous 
ornata. Boerb. Ind.alt. 2. 131. Mill. DM. ed. 7. J 8. 
(y) foliis craffioribus, obtufioribus, pallidioribns, glabris, margine 

tantummodo carinaque obfoletedenticulatis. G. 
ALOE reticulata. Haworth Linn. Tranf. 7. 9. 

Miller, when fpeaking of our variety j3, mentions hi* 
" having railed a variety of that from feeds which had fhorter, 
whiter, and fmoother leaves, but which had not then flowered 
with him." This we take to be no other than our preient 
plant. Mr. Haworth, who kindly furnifhes us with the 
fpecimen, has conftituted it a diftinft fpecies under the name 
we have cited above; and both he and Decandole have lpe- 
cihcaliy feparated {3 from « ; but (as it appears to us) withou 
fufficient grounds. At all events if this is really the v ^ riet ^ 
Miller fays he raifed from the feeds of j3, there can be no 
difpute about the fpecific identity at lead of thefe two ; unle 
they ihould be deemed hybrid plants. G. 




JWtyT. 0-*» <f&« ■ C^rc^t,r, F j.teic. 



£Jhn/hfn Junfifo ■ 



V : ( . . / ., 










mm 




[ W5 ] 

HLemanthus puniceus. Waved-leaved 
Blood-Flower. 

Oafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1075. 

Obs. /« Hjmantho multifloro fruElus efl Bacca rubra, ommn» 
wneris ; unde conjeSlura fub fine obfervationis nojlrce ad characlerem generi- 
*um m fracitato Numero expungenda eft. G . 

Specific Ojarailer and Synonyms. 

H^EMANTHUS puniceus ; (radix e rhizomate craffo camofo 
bulbiceps ;) foliis paucis petiolatis, petiolis 
ftipitiformi-vaginantibus, laminis elliptico- 
lanceolatis, undulatis, cofta media crafla in- 
terfe£lis, ftipite petiolari parum longiori- 
bus ; fcapo extrafoiiaceo ; involucro pluri- 
valvi fubherbaceo- pallido umbellze multi- 
florae coarftatae circumpofito fereque ifo- 
nietro, valvis Ianceolato-oblongis. G. 

HJEMANTHUS puniceus. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 413. (excl. 
Seba Szvertio Morifono et Rudbeckio.) Hort. 
Kew. 1. 404. Thunb. Prod. 59. Gdcrtn. Frucl, 
31. tab. ii. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 25. 

HjEMANTHUS colcbici foliis, periantbio herbaceo. DHL 
Hort. Eltb. 167. tab. 140. Trezv. Ehret. tab. 
44 ; cptime. 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Was imported from 
Holland and cultivated in 1722, at Eltham, by Dr. James 
Sherard. 

A greenhoufe plant; flowers from May to June; feeds 
abundantly. 

Bloom of a feeble yellowifh red colour, and not very 
ornamental ; has no fcent. Our (pecimen was fent from Mr. 
Barr's Nurfery, Ball's Pond, Iflington. G. 



[ 1316 ] 

Medeola virginiana. Indian Cucumber, 

♦##♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ ft * * * ■ '♦ 

C7<?/} #»J Order, 
Hexandria Trigynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cat. o. Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, regularis, fubaequahs, 
cernua, laciniis lanceolato-oblongis, revoluto-reflexis. Shtuso* 
Stig. 3, tereti-linearia, crafiiufcula, germine flaminibufque 
longiora, divergentia. Bacca trilocularis, trifperma. G. 

Obs. Planta perennis t herbacea ; radix repens ftagellis tuberofa-nodofis ; 
caulis annuus, ereclus, teres, land gojjypind decidud veftitus ; folia in ver- 
ticilios fubbinos incequales difpoftta, elliptico-ianceolata dcorfum angujlata x 
nervoja ; flores pauci, parvuli, pedicellati, aggrcgatim terminates, jubher- 
baceo-pallefcentes, inodori ; pedicelii erecli, uaiflori. Sola haclenus nobis 
innotejcens jpecies ; exchdenda" enim captnfes. G. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

MEDEOLA virginiana. Linn. Sp. PL cd. 2. 1. 483. Mill 

Ditt.cd. 8. n. 3. Hort. Kew. 1. 489. (virginica.) 

Walt. Flor. Carol. 126. n. 158. Michaux blor. 

Bor. Amer. 1. 214. Barton ElelH. of Botan. 266. 

A pp. Exp I. 25. xiv. tab.ptcl. xiv ; bene. IVitld. 

Sp. PL 2. 270. 
MEDEOLA foliis flellatis lanceolatis, fYu&u baccato. Gron. 

Virgin, ed. 1. 39. ed. 2. 55. 
LILIUM f. Martagon pulillum floribus minutiflimis herbaceis, 

Pluk. Aim. 401. tab. 328-/4. 

Leaves whorled, 6 — 8 in the lower, 3 in the upper whorl; 
Jlcm fcarcely a foot high, the thicknefs of a duck-quill. Com- 
mon in molt parts of the United States of North-America ; 
where it grows in wettifh woods; and is known, according to 
Mr. Barton (by whom a good coloured plate of it is given 
in the « Elements of Botany,") by the appellation of " Indian 
Cucumber;' from the tafte of the root, which is eaten by the 
Indians. Cultivated by Miller in 1768, who has however 
given an erroneous defcription of the root. Hardy. Blooms 
about June. Should be planted in bog earth. 

Our drawing was made from a plant lent us by Meiirs, 
Loddiges, Nurferymen, at Hackney ; by them it was kept 
in fmall garden pots. Flowered about June. G. 



Nfisif- 




Z&*rUr J?& tJSi0 



JTSan/b'n- Jitrt^o 




A/J3/?. 



[ W7 ] 

Anthericum alooides. Aloe-leaved 
Anthericum. 

C/iz/} and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. N m - 816*. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

ANTHERICUM alooides • (rcaudicatum) fol'us carnofis fub- 
ulatis planiufculis. hecandolle PL grajfes, 
tab. 26. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 446. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 449. A/ar/. Mill. DUl. n. 15. 
riW. Pmd. 62. Willd. S p. PL 2. 143. 

PHALANGIUM capenfe feffile, foliis aloeformibus pulpofis. 
Dill. Hort. Ehh. 312. tab. 232. 

P» africanum foliis cepaceis, floribus fpicatis, aureis. Boerb. 
lnd. Alt. 2. 133. 



A very old and very frequent inhabitant of our greenhoufes, 
Native of the Cape of Good Hope, and cultivated bv Dil- 
lenius in Sherard's Garden, at iLltham. We have tq 
lhank Mr. Hawortii for the fpecimen. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 1298, liq. ult. for " 179" read " 197." 

; pag. alt. 1. 21. for " 194" read " 197." 

L 30. for " 51" read " 121." 

No. 1301, pag. alt. 1. 14, for " 373" read " 379." 

I. 15, for " 179" read " 197." 

« 3. penult, for " 949" read " 947," 







. Cr*/~ke,L? t/WV. !8l «. 



C *3'3 ] 

LoNICERA FLAVA. YELLOW-FLOWERED 

Woodbine. 
♦f frfr » ft » ft » » # » » $f fr » 

CY*//} ij;/i/ Order. 
Pen tan dr i a Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. 

t Cal 5-dentatus. Cor. tubulofa, 5-fida, irregularis. Bacca 
mfera, poiyfperma, 2 — 3 — 4-locularis. 

Specific Characlcr. 

LONICERA flava ; (caprifolium) floribus ringentibus ter- 
minal ibus, foliisovatisfubtusgiauciscartilagineo- 
marginatis : fummis connato-perfoliatis. 



Although we had not an opportunity of feeing this plant, 
while in blofiom, ourfelves, yet from a careful examination of 
a native dried fpecimen, with which we were favoured by 
■M r - Fraser, and a thorough dependance upon the accuracy 
°f our draftfman, we conclude that the Lonicera flava is a 
fpecies diftinci from all that have been hitherto defcribed. VVe 
allow that it has fome affinity with dioica (parviflora of 
-Lamarck and* Persoon) but differs in having much larger 
flowers, not gibbous at the bafe ; nor are the filaments bearded. 
Some of the flowers are certainly hermaphrodite, but in the 
dried fpecimen we obferved many of them to have a defective 
%le, only half the length of the tube of the corolla. In the 
plant from which our drawing was taken, many of the flowers 
" a d but four ftamens. Jn Cavrivolivu Arac7eq/um of Mi- 
c haux, which wefuppofe to be the fame with dioica, the head 
°f flowers is not by feveral times fo large as the bra£ie« but in 
° u r plant is fully equal to or rather exceeding it. In the dried 
specimen the head of flowers is nearly feflile, as is ufually, but 

not 



not conftantly, the cafe too in dioica. The fcent is very 
fragrant. 

This valuable acquifition to our gardens, fuppofed to be 
perfectly hardy, was firft difcovered by Mr Fras£r, in com- 
pany with his fon John, in the fummer of the year 1808, 
growing luxuriantly upon the expofed and rocky fummit of the 
Paris mountain, in South- Carolina. Thefe indefatigable tra- 
vellers could not find it in any other fituation, during their 
extended refearches in thefe parts. It was introduced by 
them this year, and is growing with great luxuriance in their 
iiurfery, in Sloane-Square ; but as yet has produced only the 
one flower from which our drawing was taken in June laft, 
May be propagated by cuttings or layers. 



N/I3lp. 



'*> 







e/'jert-tJ '?je. r > ?gl0. 



y^wAw 



A.r>V 



[ W9 ] 

Lobelia lutea. Yellow Lobelia. 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

(syngen esia monogamia, l.j 

Generic Char a Her. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala irregularis. Anth. cohasrentes. 
Cap/, infera 2- feu 5-locularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA lutea g caulibus affurgenribus, foliis lanceolatis 
ferratis, flonbus fubfpicatis relupinatis. 

LOBELIA lutea; caulibus procumbentibus, foliis lanceolatis 
ferratis, floribus fefliiibus fubfpicatis. Spec. PL 
1322. Willd. 1. 950. Retch. 3. 960. Hort.Kew* 
inedtt. 1. 361. Perfoon Syn. 2. 214. Mart. MilL 
Di>. 

LOBELIA lutea; foliis lanceolatis ferratis glabris, caule de- 
cumbente, fJonbus fubfeffilibus. Thunb. Prod. 40. 

RAPUNTUM foliis oblongis dentatis, flore luteo fpicato, 
flagellis procumbentibus. Burm. Afr. p. 101. /. 39. 



The Lobelia lutea differs in feveral refpefts fo materially 
from the other fpecies, that perhaps it ought to conltitute a 
diftinft genus. 

The corolla has hardly any tube and is reverfed ; the three 
laciniae which form the lower lip in moft of the fpecies, in this 
form the upper lip and are erec~l, the two laciniae forming the 
Ur >der lip make an arch over the anthers, the parts of fruflifi- 
c ation being entirely below the corolla inftead of above, as in 
the reft. The anthers, which with the filaments are connected 
J nto a column, are crowned with a fine pappus, as is the apex 

o£ 



of the ftyle ; but this part is not the true ftigma which, when 
protruded beyond the anthers, is feen to be fmooth, bifid, and 
revolute, and is inferted obliquely by an articulation into the 
hairy apex of the ftyle. The flowers are not quite feflile, as 
defcribed by Linn/eus, but the fhort peduncle together with 
two linear braftes at the bafe of the calyx are concealed by the 
floral leaf. It may be confidered as a connecting link between 
Lobelia and Cyphia. 

We know of no figure of the Yellow Lobelia, but the one 
above quoted from Burmann, which is fufnciently accurate to 
fhew the identity of the plants. The fynonyms uiually quoted 
from Herman and Ray are too uncertain to be depended 
upon. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be pro- 
tected from froft. Flowers in June and July. Propagated by 
offsets from the root. Communicated by Mr. Knight, 
Nurferyman, in the King's-Road, Little-Chelfea. Introduced 
into the Kew-Garden, by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1774. 



y?jtaao. 




an&I> e l J^ ^ 7re*& <J 



[ 1320 ] 
Mantisia saltatoria. Opera-Girls. 

♦»»»»»»»$$» » » 4 t |f» 

C/i2/> ##</ Order. 

MoNANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filamentum lineare, longiffimum, apice 
bilobatum, bafi utrinque appendiculatum. 

Obs. Infiorejcentla radkale a Globba praferlim d'lft'mguitur. 

Specific Name. 
MANTISIA faltatoria*. 



This plant, of which we have thought it right to make a 
diftincl: genus, has the fame affinity with Globba as Amomum 
has with Zingiber, and is feparated on the ground of its 
different infloiefcence. Sufficient generic characters may how- 
ever be drawn from the flower itfelf ; for the di virion of the 
Corolla is different from what takes place in the other fpecies of 
Globba. In the latter the lacinite are nearly equal and 
firnilar except the iabellum. In our plant the three external 
lacini<e are diflimilar, the upper one being rounded into a kind 
°f blmt fpur ; the two lower are fomewhat ear-fhaped. The 
large yellow petal, the neclarmm of Linn.£us {'abellum ntc- 
tarn of Swartz, who confiders the filament as the upper lip 
°f the neclarium) is not, as in Globba marantina and racemofa, 
bifid at both extremities, unlefs the long filiform appendices 
aL the bafe of the filament are to be considered as a part of it. 

The fomewhat fimilar appendices in Amomum are regarded 
by Mr. Brown as rudiments of the internal laciniae, two of 

* We do not know at prefent of any other fpecies which will come under this 
genus. If our arguments for feparating it from Glob b 4 fhould be thought in- 
efficient, it may be named and characterized Globba mantifera, filamento 
a pice bilobo bafx bicornuto, fcapo radicali ramofo, bra&eis petaloideis. 



which 



which are otherwife wanting ; as he confiders every flower in 
the order of Scitaminea; to confift of three external and three 
internal laciniae. 

The large petal-like bra&es, placed fingly at every divifion 
of the fcape, are totally different from any thing to be feen in 
any known fpecies of Gi.obb a. We ought not however to 
omit, that this part, as well as the appendix at the apex of the 
filament, feems to vary in every fpecies. In the figure of 
racemofdy in Exotic Botany, there is no appearance of any 
bra&e at all, fo that if there ever are any, they mull fall off 
before the expanfion of the flowers. 

The leaves of our plant are broad-lance-ihaped, very much 
elongated at the point, with petioles entirely fheathing the 
flem. 

At the nurfery of MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, of Hammer- 
fmith, where our drawing was taken in June laft, the bloffoms 
have been fancifully compared to dancing opera girls, the yellow 
ne&ary making her petticoat, the outer lacinias her blue jacket 
with tappets, and the filaments with its appendices her arms and 
neck ; the latter to be fure rather difproportionately long. To 
us it appears to bear fome rcfemblance to the infe£t called 
Mantis, whence our name. 

Sent from the Eaft-Indies, by Dr. Roxburgh, in 1808, to 
Sir Abraham Hume, in whofe ftove at Wormleybury, in 
Hertfordfhire, it flowered in May laft. Requires the heat of 
the bark-ftove. Propagated by offsets ? 



M 







>- 



JL3J 



-y;„«yj,/?..A 



C *32i 3 

Cluytia alaternoides. Narrow- 
leaved Cluytia. 

Cta/jr and Order. 
Dioecia Gynandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petaIa. Neil, glandulofum. 
Slam. 5, rudimento piftilli columnari inferta. Fem. Styli 3. 
Cap/. 3~locularis. Sem. 1. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CLUYTIA alaternoides g foliis feffilibus lineari-lanceolatis 

acutis, floribus axillaribus folitariis. V/illd. Hort. 

Berol. 50. Hort. Kew. 3. p. 419. Mart. Mill. 

Ditl. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 636. 
CLUTIA alaternoides ,- foliis feffilibus lineari-lanceolatis, 

floribus folitariis erectis. Sp. PL 1475. Reichard 

4. />. 286. 
CLUTIA foliis feffilibus. Hort. Cliff. 500. 
TITHYMALUS arboreus yEthiopicus mezerei germanici 

foliis, flore pallido. Pink. Aim. 369. Phyt. t. 230. 



Willdenow, in his Hortus Berolinenfis, has given a figure 
of the female of this fpecies; ours reprefents the male plant. 
The Alaternoides of Commelin, quoted by Lin n.eus as 
a fynonym of this plant, more probably, as Willdenow ob- 
ferves, reprefents Cluytia daphnoides. Nor do either of the 
figures., quoted from Bur-mann, belong to this fpecies; fo 
that, except the very indifferent one of Plukenet, we do not 
know that any reprefentation has been before given, but that 
©f the female plant by Willdenow. 

The 



The name of alaternoides, borrowed from Commelin, has 
tended to miflead, being very inapplicable to this (pedes, 
which is however fimiiar to the ipecimrn in the Bankfian 
Herbarium, marked as being the fame with that in the Lin- 
nean, in poffeflion of Dr. Smith. The male plant, as is 
obferved in the Hortus ClifFortianus, is thicker clothed with 
leaves than the female, which correfponds with the figure in the 
Hortus Berolinenfis compared with ours. 

Boerhaave firft gave the name of Clutia to this plant, 
in commemoration of Oi/tger Cluyt^Augerius Clutius) 
formerly Profefibr of Botany at Leyden, which was adopted by 
LinnjEus. This was properly altered in the Hortus Kewenfis, 
by Mr. Dryander, to Cluytia, which, being both more 
conformable to the name intended to be honoured, and at the 
fame time diftinguifhing it from Clusia, with which it was 
otherwife continually confounded, has been fince generally 
adopted. 

A greenhoufe fhrub ; native of the Cape of Good Hope ; 
cultivated in the Royal Garden, at Hampton-Court, in 1692, 
as appears from Plukenet. Flowers from January to March. 
Propagated by cuttings. Communicated from the mod extenfive 
colle&ion of MeiTrs. Lee and Kennedy, Hammerfmith. 



M*J32; 




[UU. ftauKw It, fx^vs. Wft.i *>»« * $ ^ 



C 1322 ] 
Aloe Lingua. Common Tongue-Aloe. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE Lingua; (ccaudicata $ fores media- magnitudinis> cur- 
vati, penduli ; foliis conaceo-craifis, bifariis; divari- 
catim reclinatis, mutuo incumbentibus, lincruiformi- 
loratis fmodo Jubattenuatis)^ cartilagine denticulata 
(nunc parcijjime vet et omnino non) marginatis, deorfum 
convoluto equitantibus; caule ramofo, laxius racemofo; 
pedicellis floribufque dift'ufe pendulis ; corolla ventri- 
cofo-tubulofa, furfum fexdivifa fubtrigone claufa, ore 
breviflime patula; ftaminibus inclufis. G. 
ALOE Lingua. Tbunb. Dijf. p. 8 . n. 11. Prod. 61. Hort. 
K»w. 1. 496. Hawortb in Linn. Tranf. 7. 13. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 2. 189. 
A. lingua for mis. Linn. SuppL 206. Mill. DicJ, ed. 8. n. 13. 

Dec and. PL Gr. 62. *,:■£• 
A. difiicba. («.} Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 459. 
(«.) foliis minoribus tuberculis margaritaceis denfe et con- 

fluenter puftulatis. G. Fig. integra in tab. 
A. intermedia. Hawortb Linn. Tranf. 7. 12; (excl. Boerh.) 
(P.) foliis majoribus (modo rctujis), guttulis albicantibus con- 
fperfis vel et iftis obliteratis. G. Folia feparatim ex- 
hibit a in tab. fig. 2, 3, 4, 5. 
A. lingu<eformis. Decand. I. c. tab. 62. 
A. Lingua ; anguftifolia. Hort. Kew. 1. 469. 
A. africana flore rubro foliis maculis albicantibus ab utraque 
parte notato. Com. Hort. Am. 2. 15. tab. 8. Knorr, 
The/, v- 3. A. tab. 14.^ 
(y.) foliis parti m verrucofis. G. s 

A. ling, verrucofa. Decand. L c. tab. 62. alt. k%" 
A. africana foliis planis conjugatis verrucofis caule et flore 

coral lii colore. Mart. Cent. Dec. 1.11. 
(I) foliis fubattenuatis, fubcarinatis, verrucofis. G. 
A. Lingua ; angulata. Hawortb. 1. c. 
A. acuminata. Lam. DicJ. Encyc. 1. 90. ». 21. 
A. africana flore rubro folio triangulari et verrucis ab utraque 
parte albicantibus notato. Com. Hirt Amft. p. 17. fig. 9. 
( E .) foliis latioribus, brevioribus, glabris ; corolla obefiore. G. 
A. Lingui. p. craffifolia. Hort. Kew. 1. 469. IFilld. L c\ Nobis 

fupra No. 838. 
A. nigricans. Hawortb 1. c. 
A. obliqua. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. v. 4. tab. 37. 

Native 



Native of the Cape of Good Hope. One of the commoner! 
ornaments of our greenhoufes and parlour windows- Culti- 
vated by Miller. Blooms mod part of the fummer. We 
have erroneoufly given, in No. 979, a variety of maculata for 
a variety of this fpecies. Propagated with the greateft facility 
by offsets. We are obliged to Mr. Haworth for the fpeci- 
mens of all the varieties here engraved. G. 



NOTE. 

In No. 979, we have by miftake publimed for a variety of 
Aloe Lingua, a plant which is more apparently a variety of 
the A. maculata of No. 765. So that the whole of that article 
mould be expunged and the following fubftituted in its place. G, 

Aloe maculata. )3. obliqua. Short-leaved 
marbled aloe. 

ALOE maculata ; [foliofo-caudefcens ; fores media magnitudinis % 
curvatiy penduli ;) foliis coriaceo-craflis, obliquatim 
vel fubfpiraliter ambientibus, vel longioribus atque 
fubacinaciformi-acuminatis vel brevioribus atque lin- 
guiformi - loratis, ex atro- viridibus lituris candidis 
marmoratim pi&is, glabris (ad lentem punftulis minu- 
tiffimis imprejjls), fuWnitentibus, modo fubtns vel et 
utrinque carinatis. Inflorefcentia omnino Linguae. G. 

ALOE maculata. Ihunb. Di[f n. 10. Prod. 61. Hart. Kew. i« 
469. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 189 Nobis Jupra No. 765. 

(«.) foliis fubacinaciformi-elongatis. G. 

A. maculata. pulchra. Hart. 1. c. Mill, h . 1 95. tab. 192. Nobis. /. ft 

A. pulchra. Haworth. I. c. p. 14. n. 25. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 
v. 4. tab. 36. 

A. obliqua. Dec and. PI. Gr. tab. 91. 

(0.) foliis brevioribus linguiformi-oblongatis. G. 

A. maculata ; obliqua. Hort. Kew. L c. Willd, I. c. 

A. Lingua, u. Nobis Jupra No. 979. 

A. obliqua. Haworth. I. c. 

For further account of the fpecies, fee No. 765. G. 



/Ai ri* 



WJ323. 



fitsrrt* tri^StrJ^n^ 



C 1323 ] 

Aloe picta. Spotted-leaved Aloe. 
3 j MjM #♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦'♦ #-♦■*■ jMhMt 

Generic Character.— Vid. No. 756. 
Specific Character and Synonym. 

ALOE piU a i (modo breviter nude vet modo totus foliofo-fubcau* 
defeats ,• flores e majoribus, tereti-trigone lubulofi t recli, 
pendulo-cernui *) foliis confertim ambientibus, paten- 
tiffimis, craffis, ovato-lanceolatis, fubglaucefcentibus, 
maculisoblongis inaequalibus utrinquevage pi&is, fpinis 
denuo fulvefcentibus dentato-marginatis; racemo den- 
fiusfpicato-pyramidato; pediceliiserecto-divergentibus, 
corollam fubadsequamibus ; bra&eis fphacelatis his 
fubtriplo brevioribus ; ftarninibas fubinclufis. G. 

ALOE picla. Thunb. Diff. n. 4. Prod. 61. Decand. PL Gr. 
tab. 97. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 186; (caftigata fynonymia.) 

A. faponaria i v. obfeura. Haworth. Linn. Tranfi 7. 17; (exel, 
Bradl. Succ.J 

A. perfoliata ; obfeura. Hort. Kew. 1. 467. 

A. obfeura. Mill. Dic~t. ed. 8. n. 6. 

A. perfoliata. p. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 458. 

A. africana maculata fpinofa minor. Dill. Hort. Eltham. p. 18. 
tab. 15. fig. i0. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Cultivated in She- 
rard's garden at Eltham. Requires to be kept in a good 
greenhoufe, where it flowers about Augult or September. 
Has been generally Confounded with the Common Soap- Aloe, 
which has a fhort fubumbellate raceme ; and will be given 
in one of the fubfequent numbers. Our drawing was made 
from a plant in Mr. Haworth's collection. G. 



NOTE. 

In No. 837 (Aloe verrucosa) I. 12. dele " Thunb. 9. 
Prod. 6 a" dum in loco adjicias fynonyma fequentia t 

ALOE difticha. Thunb. Diff. p. 7. ». 9. Prod. 61. 

A. feffilis foliis carinatis utraque verrucofis bifariam verfis. 

Mill. Did. ed. 7. n. 20. 
A. africana foliis longis conjugatis fupra cavis margaritiferis 

fiore rubro elegantiflimo. Boerh. Ind. Alt, 2* tj:. 131. 
A. africana, &c. &c. Till, Pifan. tab. 8, 




M c i.m 






C 1324 ] 

Allium cernuum. Bowed-umbelled 

Garlic. 

■3^ $ $ tfc $ %$ ♦ %& ♦ ♦ ft tfr sfr -^ $hH* 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM cernuum ; (bulbus oblongus furfum cylindrice at. 
tenuatu^ feepius plures bafi coherent es ;) foliis 
linearibus, anguftis, acuminatis, canaliculatis, obtufe 
cannatis; fcapo ex irregulariter angnlofo furfum 
tereti-ancipiti, juxta infra fpatham curvato ; fpatha 
bivalvi, pedicellis breviori, obtufa ; umbella nutanie, 
multiflora, convexius fafligiante ; pedicellis corolla 
duplo vel ultra longioribus; corolla cernua, hexa- 
petalo-partita, trigono-campanulata, patula ; laciniis 
concavo-ovatis, acutulis, externis fublatioribus bre- 
vioribufque, interioribus fubc) mbiformi-concavis ; 
filamemis hypogynis, fetiformibus, corolla fubduplo 
longioribus, demum inter fe aEqualibus, bafi ftru- 
mcfis ; antheris ereftis ; germine viridi, trigono- 
turbinato, corolla 2 — 3plo breviore, triltriato, ob 
fupremos angulos in lamellas bifidas acuminatas 
extrorfum divergentes produ&os tricorni, cornubus 
fubtus concavis porumque mellifluum proxime infra 
bafin foventibus ; ftylo fetiformi e late deprefTa 
germinis media fummitate pn-ftante, filamenta denuo 
aequante; cufpide ftigmatofa fimplicifuma. G. 
ALLIUM cernuum. Roth Nov. PL Sp. in Rameri Anhiv. &c. 
No. 3. p. 40. Cat. Bot. Rife. 2. p. 33. tab. 2. Neue 
Beitr. zur Bot an. v. 1. p. 190. Supp. Rem. on Wtlld. 
Sp. PL in Annals of Botany, v. 2. p. 27. 



Scape about a foot and half high ; umbel, in the fpecimens 
we faw, 30 — 40-flowered, loofe ; corolla rofe- white ; germen 
marked with three pale yellow vertical lines ; the whole plant, 
when bruifed, emits a very ftrong alliaceous fcent. Roth 
mentions his having received the plant from Schreber, under 
the name of Allium alatiim, but is ignorant of its Habitat. 
Hardy and of eafy culture. We are obliged to Mr. Aiton 
for the fpecimen from which the drawing was made. We have 
fince feen others in the Nurfery of MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, 
at Hammerfmith. Flowers in July. According to Roth, 
the capfule is roundifh trigonal, three-lobed, with the lobes 

bifid ; 



bifid; valves obcordate, bidentate, with three obovate com* 
preffed fhining feeds in each capfule (cell ?), which are retufe 
at the bafe. G. 



NOTE. 

In our account of Allium Jiriatum in No. 1035, we have, 
on the authority of J acqu in, ftated that plant to be a native 
of the Cape of Good Hope. Since then we have had oppor- 
tunities of feeing it in feveral collections, where we found it 
to be perfectly hardy, growing in the common borders ; and 
were allured that it was a native of North-America, and not 
of the Cape. We have compared over again feveral garden 
fpecimens, with the fpecimen of Ornithogalum bivalve in 
the Bankfian Herbarium (which we had in our Note in No. 1 293 
of this work doubtingly added to Allium gracile), are now 
perfuaded that that is the fame with the A l l i u m flriatum y 
and fhould be removed from gracile (the Allium inodorum of 
No. 1 129 and of the Addenda in No. 1142, pag. alt.). Redoute 
has been led into the fame error with ourfelves concerning the 
Habitat of Jiriatum. We propofe to add the following fynonyms 
in No. 1035 to thofe already quoted there. G. 

ALLIUM Jiriatum. Lit. a Red. tab. 50. exclufa var. |3. ad 
A. gracile pert went e. 

ORNITHOGALUM bivalve. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 1. v. 1. 306; 
cujus fpecimen in Herb. Bankf. e femine virginiam 
or turn inter Allia ibi reponitur. G. 

O. floribus umbellatis, fpatha bivalvi. Gron. Virg. ed. 2. p, 51- 



CORRIGENDA, 

No. 1278, lin. 24, for v. read 1. 

No. 1293, pag. alt* dele fynonyma LiNNifii et Gronovii. 



N'J32S 




C 1325 ] 

Lobelia gigantea. Gigantic Lobelia, 

♦ M ♦ ) > ? ♦ #♦♦♦ ♦♦*♦♦♦ ♦» 

Clafs and Order, 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

(Syngenesia Monogamia. Linn. Mon adelpiiia Pen- 
tan dri a. Perfoon.) 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis, faepius fiffa. St am. 
connata in tubum. Cap/, infera 2 — 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA gigantea; caule fruticofo, foiiis lanceolatis feffili- 
bus ferrulatis, floribus axillaribus foiitariis folio 
brevioribus. 

LOBELIA Titpa. Hort. Kew. ed. nov. 1. p. 357. et Herb. 
Bank/, vix Linnet. 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, fourteen or fixteen feet high, 
rounded, branched. Branches drooping, pithy, bearing a fo- 
litary fiower in the axil of each leaf towards the extremity. 
Leaves alternate, fefiile, lanceolate, minutely fawed, feven or 
eight inches long on the main fiem, fmooth, reticulated under- 
neath. Floral leaves exactly like the reft, except in fize, 
green, twice as long as the flower. Peduncle green, an inch 
long, with two fmall oppofite fubulate braftes. Calyx green, 
nearly hemifpherical cup-fhaped, torulofe ; with five lanceo- 
late, acute, ereB, nearly equal, diftant teeth. Corolla tubular, 
recurved, fplitting at the back, nearly the whole length, 
and dividing upwards into three or five petals, which, 
however, remain attached at their points; colour yellow at 
firft, then orange, and going off a blood red. Filaments con- 
necled into a cylindrical tube, paffing out at the fiffure in the 
back of the flower: Anthers united, ftriped, brown, hairy. 
Qermen conical, two-celled, detached from the calyx except 
towards the bafe : Stigma bifid, revolute, exferted. 

This has been fuppofed to be Lobelia Tupa of Lik'n-jeus, 
a plant fo virulent, that Feu il lee fays only fmelling to the 
flowers will prove violently emetic, and that if after handling 
the olant the fingers, fmeared with any of the milky juice, 
lhould be accidentally rubbed on the eyes, the fight would be 
infallibly deftroyed, as has been found by experience. That 

our 



our plant may be deleterious the offenfive fmell of the milky 
juice, with which every part abounds, would lead one to be- 
lieve ; but certainly in a far lefs degree than what Feui llee 
defer ibes. We have repeatedly fmelt to and differed the 
flowers with impunity, and have not found it to occafion even 
head-ach. 

That our plant, however, is not the Rapuntium /pica/urn, 
fbliis acutijf vulgo Tupa of Feui llee, we think muft be 
evident, from comparing his defcription and figure with the 
above. He fays the flem has five flat fides, and is hollow; 
that of our plant is rounded and filled with a hard pith. The 
floral leaves in the Tupa are faid to be fhorter than the flower, 
and with the peduncle and calyx of a red colour ; the leaves 
embracing the flem and decurrent for two inches and a half; 
fruit three-celled- 

On the other hand, Feuillee found his plant about the 
fame part; he fays in 65 fouth latitude in the mountains of 
Chili. Ours was found by Dr. Brandt, formerly profeflbr 
of medicine in Cologne, at Valparayfo, who. communicated 
the feeds to Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy, where our drawing 
was taken. Mr. Archibald Menzies fome years before 
collected it in the fame place. His fpecimen is preferred in 
the Bankfian Herbarium ; and it appears by the new edition 
of the Hortus Kewenfis, that it was by him introduced into 
the Kew Gardens in 1794. 

Flowers from July to November. 






1 







'S'e/cent OrJ" 



C ^26 ] 

STAPELIA GEiMINATA. TwiN-FLOWERED 

Stapelia. 



Oafs and Order, 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Cor. rotata. Necl. ftellula duplex tegens genitalia. 
Folliculi 2. Sent, plumofa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA geminates ramis oblongis fubtetragonis dentatis: 
dentibus parvis, fioribus geminatis, corollas la- 
ciniis lanceolatis acutis margine revolutis. Mjjf* 
p\ 18. n. 25. /. 25. Pcrfoon Syn. t. p. 280. 

STAPELIA geminata ; corollis quinquefidis, laciniis lanceo- 
latis, margine revoluus, pedunculis geminatis 
longitudine corollas, ramis decumbentibus tere- 
tibus apice floriferis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1290. 



We received both this fpecies and puntlata from the Rev. 
Sackville Bale, at Withyam, near Tunbridge-Wells, in 
September 1802. They had both flowered in very great per- 
fection, but owing to an accidental delay in the delivery of 
his letter, they did not arrive in a ftate fit for drawing. The 
figure here given was drawn from the collection of the late 
Jos. Walker, Efq. at Stockwell. 

There are fometimes more than two flowers from the fame 
point, but feldom more in flower at nearly the fame time. The 
corolla is villous withinftde and deeply divided into five kg- 
ments, with the margins fomewhat rolled back. The branches 

are 



arc very fhort, nearly rounded, with tubercles more or Iefs 
obiblete, armed with a minute mucro. 

Although thefe plants for the raoft part grow in the hot 
fandy foil of the fouth of Africa, yet they will often flower 
better when fupplied largely with water, provided the heat of 
the ftove be fufficient. Mr. Bale had kept the pans of both 
the above-mentioned fpecies conftantly fupplied with water 
and the love very hot, to which he attributed their flowering 
better than they had ever done with him before. Stapelia 
geminata had grown fo luxuriantly, that the branches hung 
over the edge of the pot and threw out roots into the water 
in the pan. 



N/J3ZJ. 




j;*™***^ AUfra-t^j* *w &*w a*r Ls 



810. JTSan,/a>ruJijn r J'c^ 






C 3 327 ] 

POTENTILLA CLUSIANA. CLUSIUS'S 
POTENTILLA, Or ClNQUEFOIL. 

•^~& $$ ■*■*■# hMNhNhNi #*♦# 

CAj/jt and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Cbara&er. 

Cat. 10-fidus. Petala 5. Sem. faepius rugofa, fubrotunda, 
nuda, receptaculo parvo exfucco affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

POTENTILLA clufiana; foliis quinatis apice conniventi- 
ferratis, caulibus multifloris decumbentibus, 
receptacuIishirfutis,pet£lisfubrotundis. Jacq. 
Aujlr.t. 116. Syft. ^.478. V/illd. 2. 1107. 
Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 55. 

PENTAPHYLLUM II. minus albo flore. Chif. Pan. 423. 
fig. 425. 

QUINQUEFOLIUM II. minus alboflore. Cluf. Hi ft. 2.^.105. 



For this very rare plant, native of the rocks on the higheft 
mountains of Auftria and Stiria, we are indebted to our old 
friend Mr. Loddiges, in whofe garden at Hackney we have 
obferved it in flower, for thefe two or three fucceffive years. 
The tridentata of Hortus Kewenfis has been fometimes miftaken 
for this, but is eafily diftinguifhed by its ternate leaves, and by 
the teeth at the end of the leaflet, which are ufually three in 
this alfo, being more obtufe. 

The flowers in Potentilla clufiana are large in proportion 
to the plant, obfoletely obcordate ; the alternate laciniae of the 
calyx broader, more hairy, and of a dull red colour ; filaments 
and ftyles at firft white, but changing red. From P. caulefcens 
it appears to be chiefly diftinguifhed by its more diminutive 
ftature, petioles fcarcely equalling the leaf, flowers larger and 
fewer, and by the number of teeth at the end of the leaflets, 
which are ufually three or five in clufiana, but feveral in cau- 
lefcens. The latter, although more common in Auftria, has not, 
we believe, as yet found its way into our gardens. 



27~-°1328 




JVan/tr. 



C 1328 ] 

Menyanthes sarmentosa. Running 
Buck-Bean. 

frftfr &$ ~><c- 1ft ft ft fr $ ft & ftifr frfr 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 
Cor. hirfuta. Stigma bifidum. Capfula l-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

MENYANTHES farmentofa : (natans) flagejlis reptantibus, 
foliis cordato-fuborbiculatis repandis fubtus 
punftatis, paniculis, oppofitifoliis, femini- 
bus glabris. 

VILLARSIA geminata var. «. Brown 77. Nov. Holl. p. 457 ?■ 



This fpecies belongs to the genus Villarfia of Ventenat, 
adopted by Brown. We have before given our reafons in 
part for not following this change ; to which we may now add, 
that Brown himfelf feems to give up the character drawn from 
the flight difference in the attachment of the feeds, obferving 
that Menyanthes chiefly differs from Villarfia by the difk of 
the corolla being bearded lengthwife with naked margins, and 
by its ternate leaves. 

We cannot afcertain that this fpecies is mentioned by Mr. 
Brown in his Flora of New-Holland ;. but as thefe plants feem 
to be extremely variable, it may poflibly belong to his Vil- 
larsia geminata; for the terminal pedicles in this are gene- 
rally in pairs. But as he makes no mention of the remarkable 
runners, feveral feet in length, putting out leaves and roots, 
at intervals of about a foot and a half, in the fame manner 
as the ftrawberry plant, we think it fafeft to confider it as a 
different fpecies, efpecially as he himfelf doubts whether his 
two varieties may not be diftinft ; and if fo, the name of 
geminata may remajn to his fecond variety. 

We 



We were firfl; favoured with this plant, by Mr. Kent of 
Clapton ; but the flowers of his plant never properly ex- 
panding with us, our drawing was taken at Mr. Knight's, 
King's-Road, Little Chelfea ; where, from growing in a large 
done ciftern; the plant had room to fhew its natural habit, and 
flowered very ftrong. 

Native of New- Holland. Flowers in June. Requires the 
protection of a greenhoufe to defend it from froft. 



trv -»< / w™«. xrf^rw««r"<^nTi cr^Wrw Tr^Sww Tr^^»r«w<^T«-Tr^VtW^-^>^»«<^»^«< J> ^w'?^i 



INDEX. J 

In which the Latin Names of * 

the Plants contained in the ^ 
Thirty - Second Volume are alpha- () 

betically arranged. % 

Tl. *; 

287 Achillea Clavense. $ 

324 Allium cernuum. 

306 Aloe arborefcens. 2 

314 — — — arachnoides (y) reticulata. ^ 

322 — — Lingua («) et (/3). * 

3 2 3 -^r- pi&a. I 
286 Andromeda calyculata,<uar. ven- a 

tricofa. ^ 

317 Anthericnm alooides. ^ 

293 Aponogeton diftachyon. * 

289 Afpalathus carnofa. ^ 
313 Billardiera mutabilis. $ 

290 Campanula thyrfoidea. T 

309 Claytonia alfinoides. Y 
321 Cluytia alaternoides. ^ 

303 Coffea Arabica. * 
296 Corchorus japonicus, <var. (|3) v 

flore pleno. a 

305 Euphorbia mellifera. 4. 

304 Fabricia laevigata. ^ 
292 Galaxia graminea. 

310 Goodia pubefccns. X 

315 Hsemanthus puniceus. ty 
285 Ixia maculata, var. ochroleuca. * 
295 Lachnaea eriocephala. v 

325 Lobelia gigantea. ^ 
319 ■ lutea 



318 Lonicera flava. 

311 Lupinus Nootkatenfis. 
320 Mantifia faltatoria. 
316 Medeola virginiana. 

291 Melanthium monopetalum. 
328 Menyanthes farmentofa. 
284 Morasa crifpa [y). 

283 fpicata. 

299 Narciffas bifrons (&). 

301 — major (S3) et (y). 

300 ~ mofchataa ($). 

298 orientalis (*). 

312 Othonna amplexicaulis. 

302 Peliofar.thes Teta. 
308 Phlox amcena. 

307 — pilofa. 

327 Potentilla clufiana. 
294 Salvia amoEna. 
326 Stapelia geminata. 
297 Styphelia trifiora. 

288 Vaccinium refinofum f/3). 



322 
30S 
3*4 
3 2 3 



INDEX. 

In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty- Second Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

Aloe, common Tongue. 
narrow-leaved Sword. 

pale nerted-leaved. 

fpotted-leaved. [lycled. 

286 Andromeda, globe- flowered ca- 
317 Anther'cum, aloe-leaved. 

293 Aponogeton, fcrked-flowered. 

289 Afpalathus, fiefhy-leaved. 

290 Bell-flower, long-fpiked. 

3 1 3 Billardiera,changeable-flowered. 

315 Bloodflower, waved-leaved. 
328 Buck- Bean, running. 

327 Cinqu:foil, vide Potentilla. 

309 Claytonia, chickweed. 
321 Cluytia, narrow-leaved. 

303 Coffee-Tree, [Japan. 
296 Corchorus, double - flowered 

316 Cucumber, Indian. 

300 Daffodil, fmaller white Spaniih, 

vide Narciflus. 
305 Euphorbia, honey-bearing. 

304 Fabricia, fmooth. 

292 Galaxia, narrow-leaved. 

324 Garlic, bowed-umbelled. 

310 Goodia, hairy. 

285 Ixia, cream-coloured fpotted. 
295 Lachnaea, woolly-headed. 

325 Lobelia, gigantic. 

319 yedow. 

311 Lupin, Nootka-Sound. 
Lychnidea, vide Phlox. 

20 1 Melanthium, many-flowered. 

287 Milfoil, filvery-leaved. 
28.4 Mortea, curled-leaved. 
283 flexuofe. 

.299 Narciffus, jorquil-fcented. 

301 large yellow Spanifh. 

298 pale -capped white 

320 Opera-Girls. [garden. 

312 Othonna, leaf-clafped. 
308 Phlox, Frafer's hairy. 



3°7 



ruin 



327 Potentilk, Clufius's. 
294 Sage, purple. flowered. 
326 Stapelia, twin-flowered. 
297 Styphelia, clufter-flowered. 
302 Teta, green-flowered, [clammy. 
288 Whortle - berry, red - flowered 
318 Woodbine, yellow-flowered. 



Friutr«i by S. Couchm»n, Throgmorton-Strcct, London,