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Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The moil Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wilh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

— The roof UiLi ! « U«5£' 

Of thickeft covert was inwoven (hade, 

Laurel and myrtle, and what higher grew « 

Of firm and fragrant leaf ; on either fide 

Acanthus, and each odorous bulhy ftirub, 

Fenc'd up the verdant wall ; each beauteous flower, 

Iris all hues, rofes, and jeffamin, 

Rear'd high their flourifh'd heads between, and wrought 

Mofaic ; underfoot the violet, 

Crocus, and hyacinth, with rich inlay, 

Eroider'd the ground, more colour'd than with ftone 

Of coftlieft emblem; M, L ton. 


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ASSvT 0*r£irJ?G*e irefc,,,? AWi. !#(<#. 

[ H48 ] 
Allium Magicum. Homer's Garlick. 

■% $- » $$jftft fr $ ft * $ jU J t $ fr % fyfap 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM magicum; (bulbus ovato-rotundus ;) foliis paucis 
(3 — 5), recurvaLim ambientibus, ovato-lanceolatis, 
convoluto-concavis, ftriatis, acuminatis, fcapo 
ftrifto tercti perbrevioribus (interiori angujliori 
quandoquc bulbifero) ,• umbe.lla convexius fattigiata, 
fpatham lato-ovatam bi-triHffilem fat is exfuperante; 
corolla concavo-rotata ; Jaciniis elliptico-oblongis, 
obtufulis, aequalibus; (laminibus iubulatis, iltas 
vix adaequanribus, infra breviter inter fe fertulatim 
connaiis; germine depreffo-globofo, pulvinato-tri- 
gono, fufco-fplendente ; ftylo fetiformi, cufpide 
ftigmatofa fimpliciffima. G. 

ALLIUM magicum. Linn. Sp. PI. cd. 2. 424. Syft. Veg. Murr. 
321. Hort. Kew. l. 423. Brot. Ft. Lufit, 1. 544. 
mild. Sp. PL 2. 66. (excl. Mill. Dicl.) 

ALLIUM nigrum. Linn, in Syft. Veg. Murr. 323, (nee vero in 
Spec. Plant.) Hort. Kew. \. 427. Rctz. Obf. Bot. 
fafc. l. p. 15. ». 33. Lam. et Decand. Fl. Fr. 3. 
223. Lil. a Redoutiy v. 2. /. 102. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 
78. (excl. paffiin Linn. Sp. PL 430. Rudb. Elvf. 2. 
160. et Herb. Burf. ad narcijjiflorum potius re- 
ferendis G.) 

A. monfpejfulanum. Gouan. III. 24. /. 16. Desf. F'. Atl. 1. 286. 

A. fpeciofum. Cyril. Neap. fafc. 2. 13. /. 5. 

A. multibulbofum. Jacq. Aujlr. 1. p. 9. /. 10. Murr. Syft. Veg. 

3 2 3- 
A. foliis caulinis lanceolatis, floribus umbellatis, ex ala bulbi- 

ferum. Hall. Opufc. 382. All. 19. 
A. caule tereti propagine ex ala. Sauv. monfp. 18. 
MOLY latifolium hifpanicum. Rudb. Elyf. 162. ///. 
M. homericum. Ger. Herb. Em. 182, 183.^ 2. 
M. latifolium. Hort. Eyjl. JEftiv. 4. fol. 11./. 1. 
M. indicum flore purpureo. Swert. Floril. 61. 
M. latifolium liliflorum bulbum in folio gerens, Theophrafli 

et homericum forte. Lob. Ic. 161. 
M. Theophrafti, Cluf. Hift. 1. 191. 

Native of the South of France, Italy, Syria, the Coafl of 
Barbary, Spain, and Portugal ; Jacquin doubts if it is really 


indigenous of Auftria. Bulb from one to two inches in dia- 
meter ; leaves from half to a foot long, from one to two 
inches broad, inner one often bearing a bulb about the fize of 
a filbert ; /cape upright, round, tapering, hollow, from one to 
four feet high; /pat be fpYu ting into 2 — 3 fegments ; radii of 
the umbel about two inches and a half long; corolla white, 
fometimes with a purple and green, at others with only a green 
tint on the outfide. Flowers 111 June and July. Cultivated in 
our gardens from the days of Gerard. Hardy. Has little or no 
fcent of Garlick. Eafily propagated both by feed and offsets. 

Brotero tells us that he has repeatedly removed the bulbs 
from Lifbon to a more northern quarter of Portugal ; when 
he never failed to find the plant, after a time, lb altered 
by this change of climate and foil, as fcarcely to be recognized 
for the fame fpecies ; the leaves becoming fhorter and more 
convolute ; the item flaccid and dwarfifh ; the radii of the 
umbel fhorter and unequal ; while the corolla loft all its purple 
hue, and the bulb-bearing leaf difappeared entirely. This 
with us is. feldom produced, nor have the flowers fcarcely ever 
any mixture of purple or red. 

The original nigrum of, firft taken up in the 
fecond edition of his Species Plantarum, was very diftinct 
from magicuniy into which he afterwards negligently converted 
it, in the thirteenth edition of the Syfiema Vegetabiliiim ; where, 
fupprefling the note firft attached to the fpecific character of 
nigrum* he has fuhftituted another, evidently defcriptive of 
our prefent plant; of which, as a fpecies already inftituted by 
himfelf, and Mill ftanding in the work he was then reviling, he 
feems as completely to have loft fight, as of the real nigrum* 
This, upon referring to his former works, will be found to be 
the now narcijjiflorum (illyricum f) and fcarcely, if really, diftinft 
from rofeum. The fpecific appellation was moft probably fug- 
gelied by the black-purple colour its flowers affume when 
dried, in which ftate alone had probably at that 
time feen them, fince he quotes J&uijEsehV Herbarium as his 
authority. The blorius Kcaoenjis has the two names as be- 
longing to diftinct fpecies ; but the references to Gerard's 
Homer's, Garlick for the one, and to Jacquin's mullibulbo/um 
for the other, fhew that the fame plant is the foundation of 
both. The Moly indicum five Caucafon of feveral of the 
older Botanifts, we take to be merely a bulbiferous variety. G, 

C '"49 ] 

Allium Angulosum. Angular-Scaped 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Chamber.— Fid. No. 863. 

Specific Ghar after and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM anguhfim ; (rbizomafolido-camofum, hulliceps) ; folils 
plurib'js (5 — 6), a"ngufte lorato-linearibus, firm u I is, 
obtufulis, ■ deorium carina^o-triq letris inde cora- 
preflioiibus,breviterconvoluro-vaginantibus; fcapo 
' ex tri-letragono lupra ancipiti, flp&o, ftriato, 
faepius torto ; umbella fubfaii igiato-congefta, fpa- 
tham brevem iongius exiuperante ; corolla trigone-* 
campanulata ; lacsmis extimis navicularibus bre- 
vioribus ; intimis planioribus; ftaminibus fubulatis, 
fatis exfertis, alternis fublongiorihus deorfum 
magis dilatatis; germine turbinato, trilobo-trigono; 
ftylo fetiformi ; itigmate fimpliciffimo. G. 

ALLIUM angulofum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 430. Syjf. Veg.Murr. 
323. Jacq. Aufir. 5. 11. /. 423. Hort. Kew. 1. 
427. G<ertn. Scm. jr. 1.5. /. 16. f. 2. g. Mart. 
Mill D17. Getrg. Befcbr. Ruf A\ ed. 8vo. v. 4. 
p. 3. p. 894. Willd. Sp. PI 2. 7 6. - 

ALLIUM fenefcens. Jacq. Enum. Vindob. 57. 

ALLIUM II. Hall Opufc. 372. De All 36. 

ALLIUM fcapo nudo ancipiti foliis linearibus canaliculars 
fubtus fubangulatis, umbella faftigiata. Mill Diff. 
ed. 7. n. 15. 

A. montanihn foliis NarcifTi majus IX. Rudb. Elyf. 157. 

A. umbelliferum pratenfe. J. Bauh. Hifl. 2. 564. Ic. 

A. five Molv narciffinis foliis I. Ciuf. H'jL 1. 195 ; tantummodo 
vero quod ad lconcm. 

Obs. Syninyma Bauhini Clufiii et Hallcri ab alls male ex angulofo 
in fenefcente tranfpofitafunl ; et vice verfa, G. 


Native of Germany, Switzerland, and Siberia. There have 
been great doubts if this is really a diftinft fpecies from 
fenrfienS) as well as much confufion in the fynbnymy of both. 
We are convinced of their being fpecifically different ; and 
have ftated the diftinguifhing characters in our account of 
.fenefcens. We have alfo endeavoured to amend the fynonyfny, 
omitting fuch fynonyms as appeared to us to be doubtful. A 
perfectly hardy fpecies, of eafy culture, and well known in our 
gardens. The drawing was made at the Nuriery of Meffrs; 
Lee and Kennedy. G. 


No. 556. L 36. pro ** 245" lege " 244." 
No. 592. I. 23. pro " 245" lege " 244." 
No. 562. 1. 10. pro " complicato" lege " complicatis/' 
No. 569. 1. 10. pro •* complicato" lege •' complicatis." 
No. 992. 1. 4. for " 566" read " 569." 

No. int. p. alt. 1. 10, 11. omitte verba " a Yaldeit injet/ejle£li^fii." 
No. 1042. 1. 6. for "566 " read " 569." 
No. 1142. I.34. for •* this" read " the." 

No. 1143. p. alt. 1. 16. poft femicolon ad verbura " campanulata" infers 
•* laciniis." 


r-JEJwrtr&rD'l Tiib.hy T. GtrttJ- : S*(?eo.Cre/cert.t A1 

Allium Senescens. Narcissus-Leaved 


jlf.. S&. »'■». *!<. ^t. »'*. sfe >'<». jit. J?4. >'». »!i. J.'t. s'l..s!4..s!5. tig. J&. >k .St4. sf»» 

V *r 'i* *r v V *i» *r UTT^fr "J* 1* *i* v V v *P "S* *!* t* 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. No. $68. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM Jenefcens : (rbizoma bulbiceps, annofius horizontal iter 
(xcurrens) ; foliis pluribus (5 — 7), lineari-loratis, 
carnofulis, tortim obliquatis, extus convexiufculis, 
fcapo ex compreffb-tereti furfum ancipiti breviori- 
bus ; umbella fubhemifphasrica, fpatham longius 
exfuperante ; corolla fubcampanulata, laciniis 
amotiufculis, oblongo-lanceolatis, acutulis ; ex.- 
timis concavioribus, brevioribus ; intimis fubla- 
tioribus ; ftaminibus fubuJatis, tantulum exfertis, 
alternis deorfum lanceolato-dilatatis ; germine ob- 
conico, trilobo-trigono, angulis linearis ; ftylo 
fetiformi ; ftigmate fimpliciflimo. G. 

ALLIUM Jenefcens. Linn.Sp. PL ed. 2. 430. Sy/i. Vcg. Murr. 
323. Kniph. Cent. 8. n. 5. Georg. Befchr. Ruff. R. 
ed. Svo. v . 4. p. 3. p. 894. Mart. Mill. Dift^ 

mud. sp. pi. 2. 75. 

ALLIUM angulofum. Lam. et Decand. Fl. Fr. v. 3. 222. 
ALLIUM narciffifolium. Scop. Flor. Cam, 1. 238. Fiil.Daupb, 

2. 258. 
A. radice fenefcente lignofa tranfverfa. Hall. Opufc. n. 19, 

p. 370. T)e All. n. 16. p. 34. 
A. caule teretiufculo foliis enfifbrmibus, hinc paulo convexi- 

oribus. Gmel. Sibir. 1. 53. tab. 11. f. 2. 
A. fcapo ancipiti, foliis linearibus, fubtus convexis laevibus, 

umbella fubrotunda ftaminibus fubulatis. Mill. 

Ditl. ed. 7. n. 14. 
A. montanum foliis NarcifTi. X. Radb. Elyf. 158, 
A. petraeum umbelliferum. J. Bauh. Hift. 2. 564. 
A. five Moly narciffinis foliis. II. Cluf. Hifl x 1. 196, 


Native of Siberia, Germany, Switzerland, France, and 
Italy. Differs from anguhfum in having, fomewhat broader 
and flatter leaves of a greyilh-green colour, which are alio 
twitted fpirally, the fcape is neither tri-quadrangular, tiriate, 
nor fpi rally twilled, as in that ; the corolla does not converge 
triangularly nor fo narrowly as in angulofum t nor do the 
ftamens protrude fo far. An old inhabitant of our gardens. 
Quite hardy ; and rather ornamental. Flowers in June and 
July. Both this and angulofuvi emit a very ftrong fcent wheri 
bruifed. Our drawing was made at the Botanic Garden. G. 


&*$*>* T. C . -V..- J' Gee CrefcdZM".^ 

C n 5* ] 

Anigozanthus Flavida. Russet-Green- 
Flowered Anigozanthus. 

Clafs and Order. 

JIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Ca!. o. Cor. fupera ; tubulofa, nutans, extus pilis plumofi* 
flocculofirn hirfuta; limbus brevior, fexpartitus, irregularis, 
laciniis acuminatis, affurgenter radiatis, fubpalmatim conver- 
gentibus, imis dtiabus majoribus longius partitis, latins d'u 
■fhlftf*. Fil. breviora, fubulata, tubi ore impofita, pari cum 
laciniis inflecl-ione. Anth. ereftae, lineari-oblongge, antrorfum 
adnata;- Sty'us triquetro-capillaris, longior, afcendens. Stig. 
clavato-tumidiufculum, cernuum. Capf. ovato-oblonga ? trilo- 
cularis, corolla perfiftente coronata. Son. pi u rim a, angulo in- 
terno loculamentorum appacla. G. 

Obs. Plants perennes, herbacea ; Nova-Hollandia indigence. Radix 
t rhizomate craffh fibrofa, fobolifera : folia plurima, enfata, aflicha aclebus 
oppofttis, glabra; caulina gradatim in bratleas decrejentia ; caulis ere, Q tus f 
dicbotomo-paniculatus ; ramuli floribus fubdifticho-racemfls terminati ; 
pedicelli breviores ; bra&eae acuminata, convolute, hirfuta ; corolla tubus 
intusvirens, lay is ; limbus intus coloratus, viliofus ; anth* per filamenium 
tantulum ulterius pertingem nwcronata ; integutnentum externum gcrniinis 
cum corolla continuum. Lanari^e affinis. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANIGOZANTHUS flavida; foliis enfiformibus ; caule infra 
longinquius nudo, fupra pubefcente ; 
ramis fubcorymbofe faftigiantibus, di- 
varicantibus; racemulis paucifloris. G. 

ANIGOZANTHUS flavida. Lit. a Redout}, v. 2. t. i 7 6. 

ANIGOZANTHUS grandiflora. Farad. Land. t. 97. 

In feparating this as a fpecies from the rufa of Labil- 
lardiere, we have conformed to the opinion of Mr. Brown, 


by whom the plant was dtfcovered on the weftern coaft of 
New- Holland, and firft introduced into England. Of our- 
felves, we fhould have mod probably given them as varieties 
of each other. Rufa is {aid to have much narrower and lefs 
truly enfiform leaves, the ftem entirely and not partially pubef- 
cent, fewer flowers in the racemes, with a fomewhat clofer 
panicle; Mr. Brown adds, that the flowers are alfo the 
largeft of the two fpecies. We have no doubt but that in 
time many others will prefent themfelves, when fuch parts 
of the generic charaBer which are above taken from the 
irregularity of the limb or border of the corolla, and the 
relative length of that with the tube, will ncceflarily be fup- 
preffed ; for we have feldom found thofe marks of any im- 
portance in defining the generic fe&ions of this natural order. 
They are good fpecific diftinftions. The ftem of fiavida 
grows from three to four feet high, and is of a brownifh purple 
colour; leaves fhorter than this, and not quite an inch broad. 
The flowers have no fcent. Mr. Vkre's gardener, who raifed 
the "plant from which the drawing was made, f.iys it is very 
eafily propagated by parting the roots ; that it requires little 
care beyond protection from froft ; and that it blooms very 
freely during the fummer months, G, 


[ 1*5* ] 

Vaccinium Crassifolium. Thick-Leaved 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦»♦♦♦»♦♦♦» 

Oafs and Order, 


Generic Cbaratler. 

Cor. l-petala. Stamina receptaculo inferta. Anther* apice 
poris 2. Bacca infera, 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VACCINIUM crajfifolium; (decandrum, ftaminibus inclufis) 
caulibus procumbentibus, foliis petiolatisovatis 
glabcrrimis coriaceis ferrulatis, racemis fecundis 
umbelliformibus, bra&eis coloratis pedicellis 
brevioribus, corollis conniventi-campanulatis. 

VACCINIUM crajfifolium. Bot. Repof. t. 105. Donn. Hort. 
Cant. p. 84. 

ANDROMEDA ? luridifolia; pedunculis aggregatis, unifloris ; 
floribus fecundis globofo-campanulatis, laciniis 
acutis re&is ; foliis alternis oblongo-ovatis, 
remote ferrulatis, coriaceis. Gawler Recenf. 
Plant, p. 24. 

Whetber this little fhrub be really a Vaccinium or an 
Andromeda, as the author of the Recenfio Plantarum fufpe&ed, 
can only be pofitively determined from the fruit, which we 
have never feen ; from the habit, however, we mould fufpeft 
that it belongs to the former genus. 

A native of South-Carolina, whence it was introduced by 
Mr. Fraser, about the year 1794. It is fufficiently hardy 
to live in the open air during mild winters, but for fafety 
mould be protefted from fro ft. 

Flowers in May and J unc. Communicated by Mr. Lo d d 1 c e s. 



r UT li.r <rr£ ft . />,/>„., • v „ 

C "53 ] 

Schotia Tamarindifolia. Broad- 

Leaved Schotia. 

Oafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5, calyci inferta lateribus invicem in- 
cumbentibus claufa. Germ, pedicellatum. Leg. complanatum> 


Specific Characler and Synonym. 

SCHOTIA tamarindifolia ; foliolis ellipticis retufis margine 

altero excavatis. 
SCHOTIA tamarindifolia. Afxelius in Herbario Banks. 

Although the leaflets of this plant are considerably broader 
than in Schotia fpeciofa, more obtufe, even frequently emar- 
ginate, and rarely mucronate, and have the internal margin 
hollowed, fo as to give them fomewhat of a kidney fhape, we 
fhould neverthelefs have been inclined to confider them as 
mere varieties, had not our learned friend, Prof. Afzrlius, 
in a paper long fince read before the Linnean Society but not 
yet publifhed, made them diftincl. The confidence we have 
in his accuracy will not permit us to doubt but that he had 
fufficient grounds for fo doing, and perhaps the legumen may 
afford fufficient diftinftive characters, but unfortunately we 
have not been able to fee that of S. fpeciofa. In tamarindifolia 
the legumen is large, broad, extreme'y flattened, much 
arched, with a remarkable thick margin at both futures, 
depi&ed with veins, which take their rife from both margins, 
and branching into a beautiful net-work, entirely cover the 
fides of the legumen. The germen is pedicellated, but the 


pedicle not increafing in length with the growth of the legumen, 
becomes in the latter nearly obfolete. In the Bankfian Her- 
barium there is a third fpecies with four pair of obcordate 
leaflets, and a legumen much lefs curved. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford's, in whofe 
colleBion at Spfingwell only, except at Kew, have we heard 
of this beautiful fpecies being feen. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, and requires the 
protection of a good grecnhoufe. Is propagated with difficulty 
by layers. 

P^eonia Moutan. ' The Moutan, or 
Chinese Tree-Peony, 

p %■ $ ^ %%%% % HJHfc * & #~ $ fc 3h£* 
G/fl/i and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Stylio. Capful a polyfpermae intus 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

P^EONIA Moutan; cauleperenni lignefcente,foliolisoblongo- 

ovatis fubtus glaucis villofiufculis : extremo trilo- 

bato, capfulis plurimis. 
LE MOUTAN ou Pivoine arbrilTeaux de Chine. Mem. de 

Cbinois, i>. 3. p. 461. 
BOTAN it. Fkamigufa et Hatfkangufa. Kampf. Amcen. Exot. 

p. 862. 
P^EONIA arkoiee. Do/in. Hort. Cant. p. 196. 
P-<£ONIA fuffruticofa. Bot. Repof. t. 373 et 448. 
P^EONIA papaveracea. Bot. Repof. t. 463 ? 

The Moutan, though cultivated in China about fourteen 
hundred years, is confidered in that ancient empire, accord- 
ing to the mifConaries, as rather of modern introduction. The 
Chinefe writers feem to differ in their accounts with regard to 
its origin, feme attributing it to a particular procefs of culture, 
by which the common Peony has been converted into this 
magnificent fhrub, fomeiimes attaining, as it is faid, in the 
province of Lo-Yang, the foil and climate of which is parti- 
cularly favourable, the height of eight or ten feet ; whilrr 
others, perhaps with more probability, fay it was firft difcovercd 
growing among the mountains in Northern China, whence it 
was brought into the Southern provinces, and cultivated with 
the fame rage as Tulips have been in Europe, and with a 


fimilar effe& of producing numerous varieties, fome of which, 
from their beauty and rarity, have been known to fell in China 
for a hundred ounces of gold. Notwithstanding the Chinefe 
Florifts differ from the European, in rejecting all variegated 
flowers, confidering fuch as contrary to nature, they enumerate 
two hundred and forty fpecies, as they are called, many of 
them of exquifite beauty and delightful fragrance. 

Thunberg, as well as Loureiro, as is evident by his 
having given as fynonyms both the Saku-Jaku aad Botan of 
KiEMPFER, confidered this plant to be the fame fpecies with the 
P^eonia officinalis of Linnaeus, which is likewife cultivated 
in China, and much ufed there in medicine. 

The PjEonia papaveracea of Andrews we fufpeft may 
be a mere variety of the Moutan with white flowers fpotted 
with crimfon ; and that the Angular union of fix capfules into a 
globular feed-veflel with fix cells, is an accidental fporting of 
nature. If this flrufture of the fruit be natural, it will afford 
not a fpecific but a generic diftinftion. 

For the introduction of this valuable acquifition to our 
gardens, we are indebted to Sir Joseph Banks, who in- 
ftru6ted feveral perfons trading to Canton, to inquire for the 
Moutan, the name by which it is known in China ; in confe- 
quence of which numerous fpecimens were fent to this country, 
moft of them however perifhed in the voyage. Since that 
time feveral varieties have been imported in a growing ftate, 
but we have not feen any that were remarkable for the fra- 
grance of their flowers. 

Propagated in China by feeds, the only way to obtain 
new varieties, alfo by parting the roots, by' layers and 
cuttings, and they generally inoculate the buds of different 
varieties upon the feveral branches of the fame root. When 
the time of flowering approaches, they carefully remove all 
fuperfluous buds, and proteft thofe that are left from the 
fcorching heat of the fun. It is fufficiently hardy to bear the 
cold of our climate, but to have it bloom well it is neceffary 
to proteft it by a glafs frame. The fined fpccimen we have 
feen, and from which our drawing was taken, is at Mr. 
Greville's, at Paddington, where it is planted in the ground, 
and has a glazed building erected over it without flues. This 
plant bears a profufion of blofloms ; it does not rife very high, 
but divides into feveral branches near the ground, and, 
fpreading in a cirular form, meafures about nine yards in 

Flowers in May and June, and fometimes with us perfects its 
feeds in September and Oftober. Introduced about the year 
3 794- 


*£■■ Jf&+£t*f<? _D+ 

C "55 3 

Smilacina Borealis (a). Oval-Leaved 

~& ft % -& #-• fe $ £$ fe -&- & & % % $• -fc-fc 

C/«/> and Order, 

Hexandiua Monogynia, 
Generic Character. 

CdL o. Cor. hexapetalo-partita, ftellato-patens. Fit, diver- 
geiuia, laciniarum bafi infixa. Germ, fuperum. Bacca fphae- 
rica, trilocularis. Desfontaines in Ann. dii Mufeum t v. 1. 51. 

Obs. Caules folioR, Ffoces terminates. Id. I.e. Hue Convallaria 
racemofa; fupra No. 899 et ftellata ; fupra No. 1043. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SMILACINA borealis s foliis 3—4, obovato.-oblongis, ro- 
tundatim obtufis cum acumine, ciliatis, uno 
fubcaalino; fcapo tereti, aphyllo, pubefcente ; 
corymbi (qui [ape prolifer) pedicellis circa 
ax,em breviffimam in umbellam difpofitis ; 
bra&eis parvulis caducis ; floribus rariufculis 
(modb unico) g ftaminibus lacinias fubexceden- 
tibus ; {tylo crafliufculo laevi germine nitente 
triplo longiore ; cufpide ftigmatofa obtufula 
glandulofo puberula. G. 

(x) folia fubtrina ; fcapus admodum pubefcens ; corolla albida ; 
lacinise ovali-oblongae, fupra areola glandulofa viridi no- 
tatae. G. 

SMILACINA umbeVata. Desf. Ann. du Muf. v. 9. 53. 

CONVALLARIA umbellulata. MicK Fior. Bor.-Amer. 1. 

(/3) folia fubquaterna ; fcapus obfolete pubefcens ; corolla 
chloroleuca ; laciniae oblongo-lanceoiatae, recurvulae, bafi 
aliquantulum conniventes. G. 

DRACAENA borealis. Hort. Kew. 1. 454. tab. 5 ; (afpcci- 

mine defumpta cui umbella prolifera). MarU 

Mill. Dicl. Bot. Rep. tab. 206 ; (hie quoque 

umbella prolifera). IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 158. 

Dajman Dijf. de Drac. p. 3. 7. 


Obs. ft baud nobis nifi in Hetbario Bankfiano et eitatis Tabulis fpcfiatd 
Icon in Korto Kewenii a plant a fpontanca dejiccata fait delincata. ^iiibui 
umbella prolifera -pauci flora iis faciei fere racemoja. G. 

Desc. Root perennial, creeping ; toofjfock about the thicknefs 
ofacommonquill, flefhy, running horizontally within the ground, 
with long internodes ; leaves 3 — 4 radical, or one fubcauline ; 
oblong-obovate, of a deep green, upwards rounded with a 
point, downwards tapered, ambient, from upright diverging, 
twice fhorter than fcape, fomewhat channelled concave, ob- 
fcurely ftriate, underneath polilhed, paler, villoufly ciliate at 
the edge and the keel of the midrib; /cape central, fimple, 
fubaphyllous, upright, round, villous, about afoot high, ter- 
minating in a thinly-flowered corymb, the pedicles, in which 
are alio villous, arranged fubverticillately and clofely round 
a very fhort, nearly obfolete Yachts, whence they converge 
aflurgently in the manner of an umbel ; bracles very fmall, 
caducous ; corolla hexapetaloufly parted, ftellately patent ; 
fegments deciduoufly feparable, nearly equal, oval- oblong, 
fhortly tapered at the bafe, having a green glandular mark 
towards the top on the infide ; filaments, filiform fubulate, 
rather longer than corolla, from upright diverging, inferted 
by their bafe between the germen and corolla; anthers upright, 
ovate-fagittate, fixed by their bafe ; germen fmall, oval, even, 
fhining, without ftreak or furrow, pale green ; flyle continuous, 
filiform, thicker, Uriel, fmooth, whitiih, equal to ftamens, 
three times longer than germen, terminating in a blunt fub- 
pubefcent ftigmatofe point; berry fpherical, blue; cells dif- 
permous ; fome of the feeds generally abortive. The leaves, 
when viewed through a magnifier, appear fhagreened or 
roughened with fmall clofe puftules. As the germen fwells the 
fegments generally divide at the bale and fall off. Michaux 
defcribes the bloom as fragrant ; this we did not obferve ; he 
alio fays, that the corolla has fometimes a purple tinge on the 
inner fide; and that in the Canadian fpecimens, the corymb 
or umbel is often proliferous ; it may then be miftaken for 
a raceme. Native of Hudfon's-Eay, Newfoundland, and 
Canada; found by Michaux on the Alleghany Mountains: 
|3 was introduced into Kew Gardens by Dr. Solan der, in 
1778, from Newfoundland. Our drawing was taken at Mr. 
Loddiges's nurfery, Hackney. Hardy. Requires to be 
kept in peat-mould. Flowers in June. Its Indian name is 
alecojlote, hunter's phyfic. G. 

JpdJPJwmtAiZbt A/ iyTO. wfo S*G*o&efc*r%fl>ecn$<>8. 

C it5« ] 



##^4^^i^ ?Nl *• & % -# -# # $ ■#- $ tjnNi & 

(?/<{/} tv;/ t / Order. 

H E X A In i) R I A MONOGY N I A. 

Generic Cbarjchr. 

Cor. mfundibuliformis, .limbo fope bilabiato ina?qualiter 
kxfido, rariurs fexpartuo fubaequali. Slam. 3 fummae, 3 medias 
corolla? inferta. Germ, in plurimis inferum (fuperum ? G.J, 
Stylus 1. Sligni. 1. C//)/. carnofa trilocularis, polyfperma. 
J«£ G,//. />/, 55. 

Obs. Herbae aquat'ica ; voices fib r of a ; folia radical} a ft cauJina va- 
g,iuantia y fapefagittata ; fiores fplcatl et umbellati termlnaks aut ex fijfa 
jot 1 irum vagina exferti, fmguli fpathacei. Sprcles qucedam genuine fupero 

aut femlfupero. Id. I. c. Hi; ter anthers ex trlandris proxima 

affinis. G. 

Specific Cbaracicr and Synonyms, 

PQXT£QJ£RIA corgata ; fglii inferioris lamina cordato- 
fagiuata, fuperioris epetiolata, tota in fpatham 
oblongiufculam obtufatam cucullatim convo- 
luta; imloiefcentia fubfpadicea, exferta ; pe- 
dunculo cylindraceo, tomentofo ; racemulis 
Aibfeflil i bus i n fafciculos preiTos addu8is,cbrac- 
teatis, in fpicam oblongam f'parfim denfatiuf- 
que difppfitis ; corolla infundibuliformi, bi- 
labiata, bipartibili, insequali, cxtus pubefcente; 
labio fupero ad medium trifido ; infero tri- 
partite laciniis anguftioribus divaricatioribus ; 
ftamimbus in binos pbalanges ; fuperis triplo 
brevioiibus, afcendentibus ; inferis corollac 
aequalibus, afimgemibus ; genuine fupero. G. 

PONTEDERIA cordaia. Linn. Sp. PL 2. 1. 412. Syfl. Veg. 
Murr. 316. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 23. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 403. Micbaux Flor. Bor.-Amer. t. 
193. Lil. a Redout?, v. 2. tab. 72. 

P. floribus fpicatis. Gron. Virg. ed. 1. 37. ed. 2. 50. 

P. foliis baftato cordatis, floribus fpicatis. Mill. Dicl. ed. 7. 
ft. 1. 

P. foliis cordatis floribus fpicatis, Trew Ebret. 45. /. 83. 


GLADIOLUS lacuftris virginiamis &c. Vet. Gaz. 1. /. I. 
/. ia. 

SAGITTARI.E fimilis planta &c, Mor, Utft. 3. 618. / 15. 

t. 4 . /. 8. 

PLANTAGINI aquaticae quodummodo accedens &c. Pink, 
Man/. 152. /. 349. /, nil. 

Desc. Root perennial, fibrous; ftem herbaceous, petiolelike, 
fubcylindrical, about the ihicknefs of one's finger, of various 
heights, filled with fpongy pith, buoyant; petiole of lower leaf 
fiftularly convolute, fhcathing ; blade cordately fagittate, ftriatc, 
nerves clofe, parallel, of one fize, no midrib ; upper leaf 
terminal, fpatheform, feflile, oblong, obtufe, cucullately con- 
volute, with a flamed lateral fiflure, ftieathing the peduncle ; 
which is about two inches long, thick, cylindrical, tomentofe, 
ferruginous ; influrefcence fubfpadiccous ; racemelels fubfefnle, 
of about five flowers, contrafted into heaped braOelcfs/ t //aV/<rj, 
difpofed fparfely with fmall intervals .round a common axis in 
a cylindrical fpike of about two or three inches long; corolla 
deep blue, externally pubefcent, afcendent, funnelform-bila- 
biate, divifible to the bafe into halves ; narrowed down- 
wards into an hexagonal curved purplifh tube about half the 
length of the limb; which is bilabiate and fexpartite; each lip 
of three fegmenls, thofe of the upper divided only to about the 
middle, broader, their middlcmoft twice the broadeft, ovate^ 
obtufe, having on the inner fide a fmall round convex pro- 
tuberance, lateral ones lanceolate; thofe of the lower lip equal, 
oval lanceolate, diverging further afunder, propendent, eafily 
parted into ungues down to the bafe of the corolla ; filam. 
filiform, pubefcent, in two ranks; three upper ones thrice fhorter 
than the others, afcendent, adnate to the lower part of the 
tube, middle fhorteft, lefs adnate ; three lower ones decurrently 
adnate the whole length of the tube, equal to the corolla, af- 
furgent, recumbent on the lower lip ; anthers fmall, oblong,, 
incumbent ; germ, fuperior, reddifb, fmall, pyramidal-ovate j 
Jlyle continuous, twice fhorter than corolla, thicker than fila- 
ments,, afiurgent, flexuofe, ending in an obtufe glandularly 
pubefcent ftigmatofe point. 

Native of various parts of North-America ; growing in 
ditches and the fhallow parts of other waters in the manner 
of our common Arrow-head. The drawing was made at Mr. 
Vtrf's, where it grew luxuriantly in the pond in his 
garden. Blooms in July and Auguft ; hardy ; has no fcent. 
The Hem is partly under water, but the leaves are out of it, 
and do not float on the furface. G. 

C ll 57 ] 

Agave Virginica. Spike-Flowered 

* JHNfr $4 -*- $-$ $ $ $ *-&*--$ $4* $ -#■ 

Cfo/i tf»af Order. 

I I E X A N D R I A M O N O O YN I A4 

Generic Character. 

Cor. (fupera G.) tubulofa, infundibuliformis, limbo fexpartito* 
Slam, exferta, fiimmje corollas inftxa, Anlh*. longae verfatiles. 
G*apf. utjinquc attenuata, fubtrigona, polyfperma ; feminibus 
planis gemino orciiue difpofnis. Jujf- Gen % PL 51. 

Obs. Caulis fubnuUus ant caudkiformis } folia radicalia canaliculnta 
frg/da, apicc (feepe etictvi marginc J jpinofa, juniora, obvolufa ; panicula e 
caadice ojfurgent Maxima, pyramidola. Habitus Yuccje, flos diver/us* 
Id. 1. c\ 

Specific CharaElcr and Synonyms* 

AGAVE virginica ; (fhizomd craffum fufiformi-cylindracetim 
drjeenjensy prtemorfum / nee in caudicem ajfurgens ;) 
foliis radical i bus, p!urimis, c deorfum convoluto- 
compactis, in orbcm ambienter et recumbenter 
divergentibus, lanceolatis, coriaceo-craffis, rigidis, 
niargine cartilaginca tenuiflime denticulata, cuipide 
i'pinaeformi ; /'capo fimpliciflimo, foliolis vagis diffitis 
obfito ; bracleis (phacelatis gcrmini fubsequalibus ; 
fioribus fubfeflilibus, in fpicam longam eductis, 
remotius fparfis, ex adpreflb-ereclis divergentibus; 
ftylo lobulis tribus ftigmatofis emarginatis hianter 
patentibus terminato. G. 

AGAVE virginica. Linn. Sp. PL 2. 1. 461. Hort. Kew. u 
472. Walt. Flor. Carol. 121. n. 149. Jacq. Tc. Rar. 
2. /. 378. Coll. 2. 261. Michanx FLBor.-Amer. 1. 
187. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 193. 

ALOE foliis lanceolatis fpina cartilaginea terminal's floribus 
alternis feflilibus. Gron. Virg. ed. 1. 152. ed. 2. 53. 

Hesc. Root perennial ; rootftock defcending, flefhy, fufiform- 
cylindrical, about an inch in diameter, praemorfe ? throwing out 


numerous thickifh fibres, not elongated into a caudcx to- 
wards ; leaves numerous, radical, ambient, downwards con- 
volutely packed, upwards divergently recumbent, lanceolate, 
coriaceoufly thickened, rigid, from four to eight inches long, 
about two broad, with a very narrow cartilaginous finely den- 
ticuiate-ciliate border, terminating in a fpinous point ; /rape 
central, quite fimple, from four to five feet high, round, befet 
with feveral fmall fpathelike diftant ftraggling leaflets, erect* 
ftrift ; infiorefcence terminal, fpiked, fubtlexuole, many -flowered, 
fubfeflile, rather diftant, fparfe, upright ; pedicles nearly obfo- 
lete ; bratles fcariofe, fphacelate, about even with the germen, 
convolute-acuminate ; corolla from adprefled-upright far 
diverging, greenifh, cupped-tubular, obiufely hexagonal, 
alternate angles broader ; limb fixparted, upright, fcarcely 
diverging, but little fhorter than tube ; fegmeuts oh\ong-tapered t 
convolute-concave, quickly fphacelate ; filaments adnate to the 
tube, overtopping the corolla by nearly a third, thick-aliform, 
fomewhat comprefled, equal, fafciculate, (lightly divergent 
upwards, green, dotted with fmall purple fpots - t anthers large, 
linear-oblong, incumbent, balancing; germen continuous to 
the corolla, inferior, oval-oblong, obtufely- trigonal ; jlyk 
upright, gradually lengthening, but always fhorter than ftamens, 
thicker, obtufely triquetral as if of three concrete filiform 
fhafts; ending in three emarginate divaricately patent Jtigmatofe 

Native of Carolina and Virginia, growing in graffy fpots. 
Introduced into Kew Gardens, by Mr. John Cree, in 1765. 
The bloom is very fweet. Varies with fpotted and plains 
leaves. Flowers in Auguft and September. Requires to be 
kept in the greenhoufe. The fpecimen was fent us by Mr. 
Loddiges, of Hackney. G. 

E R R A 1 A. 

No. 1053. *• 10 « P r( > " media" lege " extima." 

No. 1055. 1» **• f° r " we nee< ^ ac *d no further description to the many" 
read *' we need not add any further de.fcription to thofe." 
No. 1149. I. 20. poft " Ed." infere " a." 
No. 1149. 1. penult, pro «' Clufiii" lege " Clufii." 

SyiEJfartlrDel-. JitiiyT 1 {i*r£r S*G*0.£t*/cy*r*£JJ.: 

L H58 ] 
Xykis Operculata. Cap-Fruited Xyris* 

Clufs and Or Jen 


Generic Charaf/er. 
Cor. 3 petala, aequalis. Glum. 3- valves cartilagincae in ca- 
pitulum. Cap/, fupera unilociilaris. Vahl. Ennui. 2. 204. Cat, 
Gimme 3 cartilagineae, nitidiE, insequales : una cxteriore 
maxima, ovato-rotundata, concava • duabus interioribus ar- 
cuatis, naviculari-comprefiis, apicc demiculatis. Cor. tripetata. 
Stmtu 3. Sly!, unicus. Caff, fupera, unilocular^ ad angulos 
rima dehifcens. Sent, parictalia. G<ertn. Sent. 1. p. 52. Cap/. 
fupera, trilocularis. Labill. Nov. Holl. 1. 14. Caff, oblonga 
unilociilaris trivalvis. Sem. nonnulla, oblonga, receptaculo 
columnari fuis pedicellis inferta. Ruiz el Pavon. FL per 2. 46. 

Obs. Folia 'radicalia, baft vaginantla, enfiformia, /capo hreviora, gla- 
berrima y /iriata. Scapi ereiti, fimplicijjimi, glabri. Capitulum terminale, 
/Jitanumy imbrication , /quumh • /erruginei s , margine diluticribus. Vahl. 1. c. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

XYRIS operculata; (plant a cje/pito/a t rigens ; radix, fibre \fa ,-,) 
foliisduriufculisjcomprefro-fenforinibus, (hie inde two 
tortoj deorfum equitanter conduplicatis vaginis ra- 
dicalibus convoluiis flipatis; fcapo duplo longiori 
ancipiter filiformi ; capitulo fubglobofb ; fquamis 
fubputamineo-duris, obtufiffimis ; fpatha e val-vulis 
tribus, binis glumaccis oppofitis, altera media difformi 
caduca ; corollae laminis obovato-rotundis, margine 
demiculatis; ftaminibus fingulis feta longiori peni- 
cillatim capitata a bafi appendiculatis ; fligmatibus ex 
angufte cucullatis in laminas rotatim expanfas fim- 
briatulas ampliatis ; capfula operculata. G. 

XYRIS operculata. Labill. Nov. Holl. 14. /. 10. Dry and. Chlor. 
Nov. Holl. in Ann. 0/ Bot. v. 2. 305. 

XYRIS anceps. Vahl. Enum. 2. 205 .<? 

Desc. Plant perennial, herbaceous, cefpitofe ; root fibrous ; 
leaves comprefTcd-fetiform, upright, thickifh, harfh, here and 
there one fpirally twilled, downwards conduplicate, equitant, of 
a deep purple colour (according to Labi li.ardi pre, villofe 
wiihii?)» with feveral membranous convolute root -/heaths about 


an inch and a liatf in length ; fcdpcs feveral, ancipitalJv filiform 1 , 
Uriel, quite fimple, not ftriate, generally twifted, twice longer 
than the leaves, which are about nine inches high, terminated 
by a fmall fubglobofe bead of roundifh, convex, imbricate* 
putamineoufly hardened, cartilaginous, brown fcales ; lower 
ones fmalleft ; all fining off towards the edge; within each of 
thefe is a one-flowered, glumaceous, fefliJe fpalhe of three! 
valves, the two outer navicularly convolute and oppofite (ac- 
cording to Labi i. larimer k, pubefcent at the hack), the 
other fhorter, compreffed, enclofed, enveloping the unexpanded 
(lower, caducous; corolla yellow, fugacious, tripetalous, regular, 
equal ; petals broad-fpathulate ; ungues about the length of 
the fcales, very narrow, convergent ; lamina rotately explanaie, 
obovate-round, fubdentieulately edged ; filaments fubulatc, 
adnate to and about the length of the ungues, each being ac- 
companied from the bafe by a fovnewhat longer fctiform pencil- 
tufted upright appendage ; anthers oblong-fagittate, upright; 
piJfU declined, about equal to corolla j germen green, trigonally 
turbinate ; fiyle triquetral filiform, terminating in three diver- 
gent Jtigmas, which from filiform and couvolutely cucullate, 
are enlarged into rotately expanding erofely fringed laminas; 
cap/, obovate, trilocuiar, three-valved ; valves feptiferous 
down their middle, retufe ; the whole capped bv a feparate fid 
of one piece ; feeds, many, oblong, on a receptacle which is 
nearly diftincl from the fepla. 

Native of Botany-Bay as well as of Van Diemen's Land. 
"We have little doubt but, that Vahl's anceps is of this fpecies, 
although a Malabar plant. We have t ruffed to La bill ar- 
diere as to the feed-veffel which we did not fee. 

Our fpecimen produced feveral flowers in fucceffion ; they 

'had no fcent. Firft railed in this country by Mr. Loddiges, 

of Hackney. Blooms in Auguft ; thould be kept in the green- 

houfe. Mr. Brown informed us of the nature of the middle 

valve of the fpathe. G. 


[ "59 ] 

Digitalis Lanata. Woolly-Spiked 

■#- 4 & •*- # * #-# ♦#♦♦♦ :♦## $ 

C/rf/J <^«(/ Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 5-fida, ventricofa. Cap/, 
ovata, a-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DIGITALIS Janata ; fpica fimplici lanata, labii inferioris 

lobo intermedio oblongo piano glabro: laterali- 

bus acutis. 
DIGITALIS lanata. JVilld. Sp. PL 3. 287. Ehrh. Beilr. 7. 

p. 152. Waldji. et Kitaib. Plant. Hung. \. p. 76. 

/. 74, Donn Hort. Cantab. 141. 

Descr. Herbaceous, perennial. Stem fimple, ere&, an- 
gular, fmooth at the lower part, woolly above, terminated in 
a crowded fpike. Leaves lanceolate, fubtrinerved, fmooth. 
Bracles like the leaves : lower ones longer than the flowers, 
ciliated ; becoming gradually fmaller and more woolly towards 
the top. Calyx feflfile : fegmcnts lanceolate, acute, woolly. 
Corolla irregular, tubular-campanulate : tube inflated at the 
bafe : faux gaping, variegated with ruft-coloured net-work : 
limb bilabiate : teeth of the upper lip two, fhort, pointed : 
lower lip 3-Iobed, lateral lobes fhort and pointed like the teeth 
of the upper lip : middle lobe oblong, whitifh, fmooth, flat. 
Stamens didynamous : two lower filaments longeft, fpirally 
twifted at the bafe : anthers bipartite, at firft yellow, after- 
wards ruft-coloured. Germen conical, terminated in a Itraightiih 
hairy perfiftent^/^. Stigma bipartite. 

Native of Hungary. Hardy. Flowers in June, July, and 
Auguft. Propagated by feeds. Introduced, according to 
Donn, in 1790. Communicated by Meflrs. Napier and 
Chandler, Nurferymen at Vauxhall, in 1807. 


— «s^B 

Jcl J?Jl wau£, 

ASZyT Qt*&.j>r &^a^hmnt l^, e jsez 

[ ttft ] 

Clematis Cylindrica. Long-Flowered 

C/#/f #»</ Order. 
Polvandria Polygyria. 

Generic Charatler. 
CaL o. Peia'a 4, rarius 5. <f«», caudata. 
Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS cylindrica; (fcandens) foliolis ovatis glabris 
fimplicibus petioiatis, pedunculis terminalibus 
folitariis, coroilis cernuis cyiindricis : peialis 
fuhcoriaceis undulatis connivemibus. 

CLEMATIS Viorna. Bot. Repof. 71. 

CLEMATIS alpina. Lodd. Catalogue. 

CLEMATIS reticulata ; foiiis compofuis ; Toliis oblongo- 
ovalibus utrinque obtufis, omnibus integris 
peiioSatifque : floribus folitariis. Michaux Fl. 
Fl. Bor. Am, v. 1 . p. 3 1 8 t 

Descr. Stems climbing, fhrubby, but with us dying down 
to the ground every winter, furrowed. Leaves pinnate : upper 
ones fimple. Leaflets oblong- ovate, narrowed at both ex- 
tremities, fmootb, beautifully veined when held to the light, 
petiolated, fometimes deformedly lobate, but hardly ever tcr- 
natc. Peduncles terminal, longer than the leaves, really f>- 
btary, for although two unopened flower buds frequently 
appear, one on each fide, at the fame time with the terminal 
flower ; yet it is afterwards evident that thefe are fide flioots, 
bearing a flower at the extremity, as one or two pair of leaves 
grow from them, while the true peduncle is naked. We have 
never feen all three in flower at the fame time as figured in 
the Botanift's Repofitory. Corolla cernuous, fomewhat leathery, 
tmt not nearly fo thick as that of Clematis Viorna % cylin- 
drical : petals lanceolate, curled at the edge towards the point 


and twitted, but not rolled back, as in C. crifpa t of a deep 
violet blue on the outfide, white at the edges and within. 
The arijia of the feeds covered with filky hairs more adpreffed 
than in the figure. 

We were informed by Mr. Lod dices, who communicated 
the plant to us, that it has been many years in Metfrs. Gordon 
and Thompson's garden at Mile-End, who probably obtained 
it from North- America. 

It has more affinity with Clematis crifpa than with Viorna, 
but we apprehend is diftinet from both. From the latter it is 
diftinguifhed by the flowers being more cylindrical, with 
petals far thinner, and curled at the edges ; from the former, 
by the petals being never rolled back, as in that, and by the 
arifta of the feeds not being naked ; and from both, by the 
leaflets being much narrower, never cordate, nor growing by 
threes, as the lower ones generally do in both the oiher 

This plant may be the Clematis reticulata of Michau^, 
but he defcribes the leaflets as being obtufe at both ends, 
whereas ours are acute ; and fays the veins, which form the net- 
work, are prominent on both fides the leaf; whereas ours are, 
as in molt other plants, prominent on the under (urface and 
depreMed on the upper. 

It is perfectly hardy, but as it feldom perfects its feeds with 
us, muft be propagated by laying down the branches, or part- 
ing the roots in the fpring. Flowers in July or Auguft, and 
continues flowering till checked by the frofty nights. 


C n6i ] 

Primula Villosa, var. Nivea. Snowy 

■^c- ^ iff $-$ %%%■ jHh£ fffrfjtft 

Clafs and Order, 


Generic Characler. 

Involucrum umbellulae polyphyllum. Corolla tubus cylindri- 
cus, ore patulo. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

PRIMULA vilhfa ; foliis ovato-cuneiformibus furfum den- 

tatis carnofis pubefcentibus, fcapo umbellato, 

corollis glabris infundibuliformibus : laciniis ob- 

«• corollis rubro-violaceis: centro albido. 
PRIMULA villofa ; foliis obovatis dentatis villofis, fcapo 

breviflimo multifloro. Supra No, 14. 
PRIMULA villofa ; foliis planis ferrulatis hirfutis. Jacq. FL 

Auft. App. p. 157. t. 27. 
PRIMULA hirfida. Al Irons FL Fed. n. 337. 
PRLMULA foliis fubhirfutis dentatis, fcapo paucifloro. Hall. 

Hi/}, n. 613. 
SANICULA alpina purpurea. Bauh. Fin. p. 242. 
AURICULA URSI Sanicute fpecies. Cam. Herb. 330. 

— Epitom. 706. Gefner. Ic. Mn. 77, 
P. corollis puniceis centro flavo. 
PRIMULA pubefcens ; foliis planis ferrulatis fubvillofis. Jacq. 

Mtfc. 1. p. 159. /. 18. / 2. 
AURICULA URSI fecunda. Cluf. Fan. 346. ad exemplar 

in horto cultum. Hift. 303. Ger. Emac. 783. cum 
o , fig- Clufii. 

SANICULA alpina rubra. Tabern. 706. cum fig. Cluf. corrupt a. 
>• corollis niveis. 

PRIMULA nivalis. Bonn Hort. Cant. 35. et Hortulanorum. 
AURICULA URSI flore niveo. Weinm. Phyt. U 207 f— florc 

albo. Hort. Eyft. 0. Vern. 1 t 
AURICULA URSI minima flore niveo, Cluf Fan. p. 351 f 


Ail the Primulas vary fo much in fize, in the number of 
flowers, and in the relative length of the fcape, that when cul- 
tivated it becomes not a little difficult to decide to which 
fpecies they really belong. That our prefent plant ought to 
be considered as a variety of- Primula villofa, we are con- 
vinced by its villous, wedge-fhaped leaves, toothed at the 
upper ovate part only, and quite entire below ; and by the 
funneblhaped corollas s characters which feem very conftant in 
all the varieties. The fcape is erect, generally fliorter than 
the leaves, and bearing an erect umbel, confifting of a great 
number of fnow-white flowers, crowded together and very 
fweet-fcented. The involucre confifts of one larger brack, 
and a fmall very obtufe one to each pedicle. The -pedicles in 
this variety fcarcely exceed the calyx in length. This relative 
fhortnefs of the pedicle is the only character we could take 
hold of, as affording a Ipecihc diftinBion from the other va- 
rieties ; and this feems hardly fufficient to counteract the 
perfect coincidence of fo many others. We have arranged the 
varieties according to the colour of the flower, rather than 
the degree of hairinefs or the length of die fcape, as fceming 
to be lefis dependant upon foil and other circumitances of 

The Primula nivalis of Pallas and Willdenow is 
the lon^ifolia of Curtis (fupra No. 392); we conclude there- 
fore, that as Mr. Donn has inferted the bngifolia, as well as 
the nivalis, in his catalogue, that this is the plant which he 
meant by the latter defignation ; under which we alio received 
it from Mr. Lobdigks. It is a very defirable herbaceous 
perennial ; native of the mountains of Aufhia and of the 
Alps; perfectly hardy, and as eafily propagated as the common 
Auriculas. Flowers in April and May. 

J^Sartfifm Jru *P 

[ 1162 ] 

Dianthus Discolor. Two-Coloured 


Oafs and Order* 
Decandria Digynia* 

Generic Charaeler. 

Cat cylindricus, l-phyllus: bafi fquamis 4. PetaLi 5, urt- 
guicuiaia. Cap/, cylindrica, i-locu!aris. 

Specific Chara&cr. 

DJANTHUS difcohr s floribus folitariis, fquamis calycinis 
fubfenis ovato-acuminatis patentibus, corollis 
inaequalitcr {erratis fubtus difcoloribus, foliis 
lanccoiatis fcabris internodio lon^ioribus. 

In a genus fo fubject, to produce varieties as Dianthus, 
It is not without helitation that we confider the prefent one as 
a diftinct fpecies. It has certainly great affinity with Dian- 
thus caucafeuSy No. 795 of this work, and is alfo a native of 
Mount Caucafus. It differs from it however not only in the 
fize and colour of the flower, but in having die fcales or patent, inflead of being, as in caucafeuSy adprefled to 
the calyx and terminated in a longer awn-like procefs, and in 
having the laft. leaves of the Item always clofe to the calyx, 
giving the appearance of fix fcales inftead of four, the ufual 
number. Neither has the plant the glaucous hue of the 
former. The petals are larger, not fo deeply and lefs re- 
gularly incifed, and their under furface is of a greenifh ful- 
phur colour, forming a ftriking contrail to the bright carmine 
of the upper, which circumftance has given rife to our fpecific 
name. Among the Caucafian plants in the Bankhan Her- 
barium, there are fpecimens under the name of Diavthus 
etweafcus, which come nearer to our prefent plant than to the 


£me figured at No. 795 ; indeed wei fee no other difference 
than that the leaves of the former are wider and longer, and 
the awns of the calyx more lengthened out, differences pro- 
bably arifing folely from cultivation. But as both fpecies are 
natives of Caucafus, and neither of them have as yet been 
received into any fyftematic work, we do not think it ad- 
vifable to change our former name. 

The flowers are inodorous. Hardy. Propagated by feeds 
or layers as the common Pink. Blooms in July. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Loddices. 


JUhyTr urKr JfGm Crtfc„T JW i9op jPJm^mJm 

C »6 3 3 

Iris Sibirica (/3). White-Flowered 


••% * ifr $ %4b k$ ♦ < ufr|i i MMt ♦# ♦ ♦ 

Gencric CbaraJer.—Ftd. N 01 - 669, 787, & 986. 
Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

IRIS fibirica : (imberbis ; c<efpitofi, procerior ,• rhizoma car* 
nnfum, craffum^ borizontalitcr prorcpens / compafiim no- 
dofum ; fupra ramentis fphacclaiis conjitum ;) foliis ereftis 
(5 — 7)> angufte lorato-enfatis (caulinorum fuperiore non 
infreqitenter flexuofo-undato) caulem teretem cavum fur- 
fum geniculatum fubaequantibus ; fpatha terminali fub- 
bi flora (plerumque et altera in ramulum buic paulo infra 
fubjeclum uni flora) ; valvis fcariofis, fphacelaiis, fquar- 
rofo-divaricantibus ; germine triangulari-prifmatico tubo 
angulofo-cupulato duplo longiore ; corollas laciniis 
extimis fpatulato-obovatis, divergentibus, laminis re- 
curvato-deflexis ; intimis oblongiufculis, anguftioribus, 
furre&o-conniventibus, deorfum attenuatis ; labii intimi 
ftigmatumlaciniarum altera aheri a latere incumbente.- G. 

JRIS fibirica. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. t. 57. Hort. KeW. 1. 71. 
Thanh. Ir. n. 33. J acq. Aiijlr. 1. 6. /. 3. Gartn. Sem. i. 
38. t. 13. /. 1. Curt, fupra No. 50. Mart. Mill. Did. 
Vahl Enum. 2. 148. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 237. 

I. pratenfis. Lam. Enc. 3. 300. Lam.ct Dccand. FL Fr. 3. 239. 

I. foliis linearibus, caule fubnudo, petalis reflexis imberbibus 
venofis, tubarum arcu acuminate Hall. Hclv. 2. n. 1 259. 

I. corollis imberbibus, germinibus trigonis, caule tcreti, foliis 
linearibus. Mill. Ditl. ed. 7. w. 20. Gmel. Fl.Sib. 1. 28. 

J. fylvedris byzantina peramaena. Lob. Ic. 69. Gcr. Emac. t. 
56. /. 4. 

■• anguflifolia minor pannonica five verficolor CluCi. Park. 
Par t. t8 5 . /. 3. 

l - anguftifoha II. Cluf. Hift. 1. 229. 

(P.) corolla albefcente. G. 

J RlS flexuofa. Murr. in Nov. Com. Gcst. v. 7. 30. /. 4. Vd>l 
Enum. 2. 131. Nobis fupra No. 986. p. alt. in Spec. 
Syntb. ( Murrajo fe pro barbata impofuit ; quodveroim- 
berbis^?/ cert tores ex iterata in vivo autopfia facli fumus ; 
idem ctiam expreffe demonftrat in ipfa annexa fua tabula 
unitis e laciniis extimis corolla feparata deli neat io.) G. 

}• candidis floribus anguftifolia. Lob. Adv. cd. 2. 479. Ic. 

l * anguftifolia minor alba Clufii. Park. Parad. 184. 


Descr. Plant cefpitofe ; r-jotftock flefhy, thick, fpreading 
horizontally, knobbed, with very fhort internodes, befet on 
the upper tide with fcariofe fphacelate root/heaths and remnants 
of decayed foliage ; integumenls dark-brown; leaves 5 — 7 in 
each diitintt fafcicle, narrowly lorate-enfiform ; cauline ones 
generally two, the uppermoft of which is not unfrequently 
flexuofely waved ; jiem 2 — 3 feet high or higher, upright, 
round, hollow, upwards geniculately flexuofe, terminated by a 
two-flowered fpathe or involucre (a little below which there is 
ufually a branchlet that bears another that is one-flowered) ; 
Valves fphacelate, fcariofe, brown, fquarrofely divaricate ; 
pedicles _ generally longer than thefe, unequal > germen green, 
prilmatic-oblong, generally fhorter than pedicles, twice as long 
as the tube of the corolla, which is angularly and fliortly 
cupped, green; outer -fegments largeft, obovate fpathulate ; 
ungues Wm, fmooth, turbinately divergent ; lamina nearly twice 
longer than thefe, obtufe, recurvedly deflefted on the inner 
fide, interfered longitudinally by a glandular prominent weal 
or ridge that lofes id'elf gradually at each extremity ; inner 
fegments upright, connivent, oval-oblong, tapered near the bale 
into fhort pedicellately convolute ungues ; Jiyle the length of the 
tube, free ; fligmas divaricate, recurved, nearly horizontal, 
oblong-cuneate, rather longer than outer ungues ; inner lip bi- 
partite, fegments fubparabolical, rounded obliquely, denti- 
culately jagged, the inner edge of the one lapping over that of 
the other ; outer lip minute, fubulate, entire, revolute ; capfule 
brown, coriaceous, ovate-oblong, bluntly trigonal, futures over- 
laid by a prominent filiformly thickened nerve, that fplits toge- 
ther with thefe; valves veined-wrinkled, with afliallow-depreflcd 
line down their middle aftfwering to the bafe of the feptum ; 
feeds piled in double columns in each cell, cartilaginous, flat- 
tened oil Both fides, thickifh, femihmate, fmooth, brown. 

Native of Germany, Switzerland, Dauphiny, Siberia, and, 
according to, of Kamtfchatca ; Ibid' to be generally 
found on the outfkirts of watery meadows. We cannot other- 
wile account for Murray's terming the corolia of this va- 
riety "bearded;" than by fuppoiing, that he has delcribed 
from the engraving which accompanies his account of it, and has 
miftaker e lines that were meant by the artift to rep relent 
the veinir >n the inner fide of the unguis of a detached outer 
jegment of the flower given in that plate, for a " beard" The 
flexuofe-undulate upper ftem-leaf is neither conftant in nor 
peculiar to the prefent variety. 1 he bloom, which is pro- 
duced about June or July, has a flight degree of fragrance. 
A hardy plant, of eafy culture, and known to our Gardeners 
tor thele two centuries part. G. 


:/p PulhrTQirtur S*G-:Ctyo-*t J a 

C 1164 ] 

Ornithogalum Thyrsoides. Thyrse- 
Flowering Star of Bethlehem. 

CA//> <7*<i Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charafter. — Fid. N es - 653, el 746. Ogs. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM ihyrfodies ; foliis radicalibus, pluribus, 

laxius ambienter recumbentibus, lorato- 
acuminatis, fubconvoluto-concavis, fub- 
tiliflime cartilagineo-ciliatis ; raccmo 
ere&o.mukifloro, corymbofefaftigiante; 
corolla fubcampanulato - rotata, citius 
poft anthefin fruclum groffificantem 
claudente; laciniis lanceolato-oblongis; 
filamentis alternis deorfum utrinque 
membrana alari unidentatim apiculata 
dilatatis ; ftylo triquctro gcrmine paulp 
** breviore ; ftigmatc parvulo fubtrilobo- 

capkellato puberulo ftylo duplo bre- 
viore- G. 

ORNITHOGALUM thyrfnides. Jarq. Hort. Vindob. 3. 17. 

/. 28. Syft. Feg. Murr. ed. 14. 32^. 
Thank Prod. 62. 

O. thyrfoides. /3. Hort. tew. 1. 442. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 124. 

exclufa var. «. ad aureum (fupra No. 1 90) 

O. aethiopicum. CluJ. cur. p off. 21. Park. Par. 138. 

Differs from rrvolutum (No. 653) in having fegments of 
corolla that always converge more or left, and are never re- 
v olure or deflex ; with a ftyle that is twice longer than the 
ttigma, which is alio imallcr : from lacieum (No. 1x34) int 


having a corymbofely faftigiate raceme ; a corolla more cam- 
panulately concave, and a ftyle fhorter than its germen, with a 
fomewhat larger ftigma. Aureum (No. 190) has a larger tri- 
lobate ftigma than any of them, with a ftyle that is nearly ob- 
foiete. The ftem of the prefent fpecies is fometimes two ieet 
high with a very numerous crowded raceme ; the corolla is 
an inch and half or more in diameter, and feems to clofe 
over the germen fooner than in any other of the genus known 
to us ; nor is it ever flatly expanded. 

Our drawing was made from a comparatively weak and few- 
flowered fpecimen. This is one of the few Cape of Good 
Hope plants mentioned by the earlier Botanifts ; Clusius 
received a fpecimen, by a Dutch fhip that had touched at the 
Cape, fo far back as 1 605. 

Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic-Gardens, 
Brompton and Sloane-Streer, who received the roots from 
John Baker, Efq. Lower Grofvenor-Street, a fteady patron 
of thofe inflitutions from their firft eftablifhment. G. 


No. 663. 1. 24. poft " Parad" pro « c 130. /. 6." lege •« 129. /. 131./. 6.'* 
No. 710. 1. 8. pro " fcapis" lege " fcapos." 
No. 749. 1. 28. pro " 25." lege n 125." 
No. 898. 1. 15. ante » S/>." infere <• Willd." 

No. 986. 1. 5. poft verbum «« biglumis" Infere " Vakl Enum* 2« 149. Iris 
an fpuria ?" deleque ad finem line* verba ° Herb. Bant/." 





Generic Charatler. — <P7</. M?. 798. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LlLIUM concolor : c-iule tereti, villofo ; f o His caulinis, diffito- 
fparfis, oblongo-ianceolaii.s, acumiuatis, villofo- 
ciliatis, floralibus fupvemis verticillatim approxi- 
matii j racemo termiuali, foliaceo, remote paucj- 
floro (vel etijin uni-bijloro) erecto ; peel ice! lis (in 
4 — 5 fioris) axillaribus, fummis duobus i'urcatim 
binatis ; corolla erecla, revoluto-campanulata ; la- 
ciniis oblongo-lanceolatis, concaviufculis ; deorfum 
latius unguiculatis cyatbiformi coarclatis, inde re- 
vokito-deilexis ; intus deorfum rima fecundum labra 
cry ftal line papillulofa. incifis ; crafTe atque puberule 
apiculatis; intimis fublatioribus,carunculis rarioribus 
obfoietius verruculatis ; ftaminibus corolla fubduplo 
brevionbus, piftillo aequalibus ; germine clavato- 
columellari, obtufe iulcato-hcxagona ; itylo hoc 
fubbreviore, clavato-incraflato, teretius trigono- 
ftriato, in ftigma continuum tumidiufculum tricolli- 
obtufatum glandulofo-puberulum terminantc. G. 

LlLIUM concolor. Par ad. Lond. tab. 47. 

LlLIUM bulbiferum. Ihunb. in Linn. Tranf. v. 2. p. 333 ? 

LlLIUM pbiladelphicum. Id. in Flor.Jap. 135/* necaliorum. 

Descr. Root a round-ovate fquamous Bulb, about the fize 
of a pigeon's egg ; fern 1 — 3 feet high or more, upright, round, 
fimple, villous ; remotely befet with many, fparle, patent, 
oblong -lanceolate, far- acuminate, nerved, villoufly ciliate 
leaves ; raceme terminal, ereel, foliaceous, few- (1 — 5) flowered ; 
pedicles longifh, branchlike, lower ones axillary, two upper 
forked-binate, having at their bafe 3 — 4 verticillately approxi- 
mated leaves ; corolla of a deep orange-coloured red, erefr, 
bexapetaloufly parted, revolutely campanulate ; fegments ob- 
long-lanceolate, lbmewhat concave, with glandularly thickened 
fubpubefcent points ; downwards narrower, fubunguiculate, 
cyathiformly connivent ; thence revolutely deflex for rather 
more than half their length ; outwards interfered by a lon- 
gitudinal carinate fillet ; inwards traced along the ungues 
w ith a narrow melliferous groove, each edge of which is 
bordered by a row of fmall cryftalline papillae ; inner fegments 
rather the broadeft, fubverrucofely roughened by thinly 
Mattered minute caruncles, and marked with a few fmall 


blackifh fpots ; filaments equal to />{/?//, twice fhorter tfnn 
corolla, tabulate-filiform, from upright divergent, cLep-red; 
anthers oblong-linear, incumbent ; pollen minium coloured ; 
germen green, rather longer than the ftyle, fubclavately co- 
lumnar, obtufely fulcate-hexagonal ; flylc thickifh, fubciavate, 
trigonal-Rriate, round, as if compofed of three conjoined ; ter- 
minating in a continuous, rather enlarged, three-knobbedly 
obtufe, glandularly pubefcent, jligmatofe point. 

Native of China. Our drawing was made from Mr. Gre- 
vi lle's collection at Paddingtori ; where it was received in 
this country. A hardy greenhoufe plant ; flowering in June 
and July. Scentlefs ; but very ornamental. 

While known to us only through the medium of the plate 
in the Paradifus Londinenjis ; we believed it to be the fame 
with our Li liu m penfy!vanicum y No. 872; fee our remarks 
in No. 1082. From this we now find it to differ, in having a 
ftem, which bcfides being far more robuft, is round and even, 
and not decurrently ridged as in that ; with pedicles and 
outfide of corolla devoid of the cottony- tomentofe pubefcence 
fo confpicuous in the other; the ungues of the corolla are 
alfo here more ftraightly and clofely convergent, while the 
lamina are more revolutely and much farther deflected than 
there ; the organs of fructification are proportionably fhorter, 
and the germen is rather fhorter than the ftyle ; inftead of 
being twice as long, as in penfylvanicum ; there are feveral other 
minuter diftinftions, befides general appearance. 

We have Mill to afcertain the country to which penfylvanicum 
belongs, and to fay in what it differs from bulbiferum, except 
economy. It has now been cultivated in our gardens, at the 
leaft, for fixty years, during which time it has maintained un- 
changed its appearance and habits. Is very fhy of flowering, 
never produces above two flowers and rarely more than one, 
hardly ever a perfect piftil, but a profufion of offsets, which 
never arrive to a greater fize than a fmall walnut ; the ftem to 
us has the appearance of having been drawn up in a hotbed- 
frame ; being always lax and feeble. Mr. Whitley, who 
fit ft informed us he had it from America, upon farther recol- 
lection, thinks it was given him for a Ruffian plant. Catesby, 
whofe drawing was made from a plant in Collin son's garden, 
moft probably gueffed it to be a Penfylvanian vegetable folely 
from memory. In the Bankfian Herbarium there is a Lily 
from that American ftate, different from any other yet publifhed, 
but certainly not this, a fpecimen of which from Collin son's 
garden is alio to be found there. Is it the variety //. foliis 
angujioribiis, — («,) jlore miniato of the Lilium bulbiferum of 
Gmelin's Flora fibirica ; and a Siberian plant ? Or is it from 
China? We are pcrfuaded that it is not a native of America. G. 


JUkiy T.a.rfo JfG„ Crtf CWrt Jmtsof 

J^Janfbm S'i< lt> 

[ n66 ] 

Wachendorfia Brevifolia. Dingy- 
Flowered Wachendorfia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria M onog'ynia. 

Generic Char abler. — Vid. No. 1060. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

WACHENDORFIA brevifolia; racemo Iaxo, foliis Iancco- 

Ja.tis, quinquenerviis, plicatis, villofis. 
So/and. MSS. in Scheduiis Bankfianis. 

SISYRINCHIUM ramofum Eethiopicum ; foliis plicatis ner- 

vofis et incanis ; radice tuberofa phce~ 
nicea. Breyn. Cent. /. 37. p. 8 5 . RudK 
E f j/> 2 - 13-/. 10. (fig. Breymi). 

We believe this to be fpecifkaliy diftind from that figured 
under the name of hirfuia (No. 614) ; but as we miffed the 
opportunity of examining the living plant, after Mr. Edwards 
had drawn it ; we cannot, with precifion, determine, the 
differences. Breynius defcribes the Item of brevifolia as 
being a foot high, round, green, and hairy ; the flowers as 
enmfon intermixed with a tawny yellow colour, with fome 
foft hairs on the outfide ; the leaves in his figure are diftich 
one placed above the other edgewife, about half a foot long' 
and diverging falcately. 

In our drawing, belides the difference of colour, the 
ftem appears thicker, rounder, and lefs flexuofe ; the 
branches far more numerous, and placed with much fhorter 
intervals from each other; the upper lateral fegments of the 
corolla are far broader, more rounded at their apex, lapping 
farther over the edges of the lower lateral fegments than in 
ktrfuta; nor do the deflorefcent corollas (hew the villi t Co 


confpicuous in the drawing of that ; at the bafe of the corolla, 
clofe over the bafe of the ftamens, are feen two fmall round 
marks in this, which we do not perceive in the drawing of the 
other ; whether they are glandular or merely coloured we 
cannot fay. 

Dr. So lander has left no further defcriptton than the 
above fhort fpecific character ; but the fpecimen from which 
he took it is ftill preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium. 

Our drawing was made fome years ago at Mr. Woodford's 
garden at Vauxhall. Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; a 
greenhoufe plant. G. 


No. 872. 1. 13. ante verbura « Catejb* infere «« Lilium anguftifoliata 
flore rubro fingulari." 


Jn*.tyT&m&s J'Gtu, Crcfcarj-anU'cj). JTSmmfim 

C »<?7 ] 

Celastrus Pyr acanthus. Pyracantha- 
Leaved Staff-Tree. 

#%$. &£$,% % $ $** $$ »# $ » tfr f 

Oafs and Order* 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cor. 5-petaIa patens. Cap/. 3-gona, 3-vaIvis : valvis medio 
feptiferis. Setri. calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CELASTRUS pyracanthus ; ramis teretibus, foliis ellipticis 
fubintegerrimis lucidis, paniculis axillaribus 
paucifloris, pedicellis unifloris divaricatis. 

CELASTRUS fpinis nudis, ramis teretibus foliis acutis. 
Hort. Cliff. .72. Sp. PI. 285. Reich. 553. 
Willd. Sp. 1. 1129. Mill. Icon. t. 87. Hort. 
Kezv. 1. 272. G<ert. FrucJ. 2. /. 95. 

C. fpinofus, foliis obovatis integris marginatis paniculis axil- 
laribus. Tbunb. Prod. 42. 

LYCIUM aethiopicum, pyracanthae folio. Comm. Hort. 1. 
p. 163. /. 84. Weinm. Phyt. t. 687. Raj. 
Dend. 72. 

ALATERNUS Arbuti foliis lucidis. Pink. Phyt. t. 126. f. 2 
et 3. 

RHAMNO fimilis ; Africana ; fruftu triloculari folio pyra- 
canthae. Bcerh. hid. Alt. 2. p. 212. - 

This evergreen fhrub is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, from which country it was early introduced into Hol- 
land, and thence difperfed over molt parts of Europe. It 
has been long common in our greenhoufes. This genus is fo 
*ubje£t to vary, under cultivation, with refpe6t to being with 
°r without fpines, that it is not poflible to make ufe of this 
circumftance as a fixed character ; the individual from which 


our drawing was taken was without fpines, whitft of two young 
plants," both offsets of this, one was armed with fpines the 
other unarmed. 

At fir'il fight, the figure of Commei. in, taken from a fhrub 
that flowered in the Botanic Garden at Amllerdam, and that 
of Miller, appear very diffimilar ; the former having leaves 
acutely, and even deeply lerrated, which in the latter are 
altogether entire ; and the defcriptions of both authors agree 
with their reprefentations. We are neverthelefs inclined to 
believe that the above figures were both intended for the fame 
ipecies. That the leaves are very fubject to vary, both in 
their general figure and margins, appears from Miller's own 
ipecimen, preferved in the Baukfian Herbarium, in which 
fame of the lower leaves are deeply but finely toothed. In 
confirmation of the identity of thefe plants, it may be obferved, 
that the Chelfea Garden was probably fupplied with it from 
that of Amfterdam, and that Weinman, who could hardly 
miftake Commelin's plant, has drawn his figure with leaves 
perfectly entire. Willdenow has afiertcd that the Celas- 
trus pyracanthus defcribed by Thunbkrg is altogether a 
different fpecies from that of Linnaus, but we fee no reafon 
to think fo ; the fpecific phrafe of the former, above quoted, 
agrees very well with our plant, except in the leaves being 
obovate ; as we have occasionally feen them, and alio obcordate 
and acute in the fame plant. 

In Lin nous's own fpeci^nen from Clifford's Garden, m 
the poflefiion of Sir Joseph Banks, the leaves ate moftty 
obovate, marginated, and rather denticulated than lerrated, 
the fame as we have generally found them in the younger 
plants in our greehhoufes. Even the fhrub from which our 
drawing was taken has fome leaves with a few cartilaginous 
teeth, fo rigid as to be like little fpines. 

It is a hardy greenhoufe fhrub, readily propagated by 
cuttings or offsets* Flowers during the fumtner months, and 
ripens its red fruit in the winter, and not unfrequently has 
ripe feed-velfels and (lowers at the fame time. 

Our drawing was taken in the garden of Edm on d Gr an gek» 
Efq. in Exeter, from a {hrub which had been turned out 
into the border again!! a fouthern wall, where it had grown 
much more vigoroufly than it did in the greenhoufe. 


-H'S by 7! Otrfur o t &m .- Cn/cant Jon jlisoJ JR Janfc m Sculp ■ 

[ u68 ] 

Trifolium Canescens. Grey Clover. 

CA//i tf/zi Order. 


Generic CharaHer. 

hiores iubcapitati. Legumen vix calyce longius, non de- 
hifcens, deciduum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

TRIFOLIUM c am fans x fpicis ovatis laxis folitariis, calycis 
dentibus pilofis lanceolatis, corollis monope- 
talis, ftipuUs fubulatis, foliolis obovatis emar- 
ginatis villofis, caule firaplici adfeendente. 

TIMPftfn , IK/U. Sp. PI. 3 . p. r 3 6 9 . 

iKarOLIUM onemale canefcens, capitulo oblongo fordide 
albo. Tourncf. Cor. 27. 

L)i:sc. S/ems fimple, afTurgcnt, clothed at the lower part 
with the dead flipules, obtufely and obfoletely angled, covered 
with white hairs adprefled to the ftem, which when dried give 
l 'iem an appearance remarkably whiter than the reft of" the 
plant. Leaves alternate (the two upper ones oppofite and 
remote from the head of flowers) petiolated. Petioles twice 
the length of the membranous itriate Jlipules, terminated in 
two lanceolate-fubulate, creel fegments. Leaflets ternate, fub- 
leililc, elliptical or obovate, emarginate, covered on botb fides 
with foft hairs, ftriated with numerous tranfverfe fomewhat 
branched veins. Calyx, the tubular part flriate, white, covered 
With fhort foft hairs ; teeth five, very patent, rigid, lanceolate- 
'ubulate, much more hairy than the tube : the lower one longelt 
and (landing forward, fhorter than the tube of the flower. 
Corolla one-petaled : vcxillum twice the length of the keel, 
obtufe, emarginate, undulate : AU connivent, equal to the 
carina which is boat-fliaped, fpotted with purple on the infide. 


Stamens cfcadelphous. Siigma flattened and hooked. The 
flowers grow in an elliptical head without braBes, are nearly 
feffile, of a dirty white colour. 

This plant differs from Tri folium pannonkum efpecially in 
not having ftraight ftems, nor leaflets nearly fo long and nar- 
row, in the teeth of the calyx being much more patent and 
rigid, and the vcxillum fhorter, broader, and more obtufe. 

°Althongh we have not been able to authenticate this fpecies by 
a comparifon with a figure or undoubted fpecimen, we think 
there can be very little doubt of the name being rightly ap- 
plied ; as we do not difcover any difagreement between 
Willdenow's description and our own, except that he fays 
the tube of the calyx is fmooth, which in our plant is very 
villous, but the hail's on the teeth are lb very much longer, 
that the others might be overlooked unlefs examined with a 

Native of Armenia and Caucafus. Communicated by iMr. 
Loddiges, in May 1806. Propagated by feeds. Hardy. 


H*$pT. Cur for Jft—C&tfimU JanX/gep. J? Jar 

[ 1169 ] 

Siaprlia Picta. Painted Stapeiia. 

$ -*- $ * •-*-•# 3iHiMNt * iMNHfr 4 £ 

CA?/J rt«*/ Order. 


Generic Character. 
Contorta. Neclar. duplici fteilula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA pitla ; rarnis fimplicibus quadrifuicatis torulofis, 
corollis femiquinqtiefidis nudis.: laciniis ovato- 
acuminatis rugofis : annulo orbiculari elevato 
rugofifjjmo medio depreflb papulofo, neclarii 
infimi laciniis patentibus apice biiidis. 

STAPELIA pitla. Donn Uort. Cant. p. 53. 

STAPELIA variegata. Jacq. Mifc\ i. p. 27. /. 4. f 

Though nearly s'lied, we believe that this plant and 
Stape i.i a variegata, No. 27 of this work, are fufficiently 
uiftincl; but S. variegata of Jacqbtin, above quoted, is pro- 
bably the fame fpecies with the one here figured. For 
although there appears to be a confiderable difference in their 
ftems, yet, in this genus, thefe are fo fubject to vary from 
age, that characters drawn from them are feldom excellent ; 
the parts of the flower afford much better, and, of thefc the 
different forms of the nectaries, though hitherto negleftcd, 
appear to us by far the bed. 

We long ago (vide No. 585) remarked, that we could not 
agree with Jacquin and others, in confidering thefe plants 
as properly belonging to the clafs Decandria ; nor can we 
aflent to the propriety of removing -them to the clafs Gynan- 
dria. A perpendicular feftion of the flower of any of the 
Stapelias, through the centre of the germens, will {hew that 
the ftamens are fupported entirely upon organs which take 
their rife from the corolla; and even in thefe cafes where 


they appear to be moll immediately incumbent upon the 
itigma, a thin membrane, which has its insertion in the co- 
rolla, is^nterpofed between them and it. Indeed the Itigma 
itfelf, which in the natural order of Apocine^e is to differently 
conftru£ted from Avhat is ufual in this organ, appears to be 
rather an appendage of the corolla than of the germens. 
But as it feems deftined to abfbrb the fertilizing fluid and 
convey it to the ovaries, it thus performs the office of the 
itigma, and we fee no reafon to call it by another name, as 
Haller has done. 

All the fpecies of this genus are natives of the Cape of 
Good Hope. Communicated by Mr. Loddiges, in Sep- 
tember 1801. 


A$3*TG~AU-J?a* ^kTW Jm*T j IHi 

2? Sort! 

C 1*7° 3 

Epacris Pulchella. Sweet-Scented 

*i» •(* *i» *S» *i» "V '!» -.» >i»v -l v *i 1 **i*V '!"'•»* 

C/tf/} flisrd Order. 


Generic Ch'cir after, 

Cal. 5 phyllus, braQeis fubfirailibus imbricatus. Cor. i- 
pptala, tubulofa. Statu, fauce inferta. Germen cinclum i'qua- 
mulis 5. Cap/. 5-locularis, 5-valvis : valvulis medio feptifcris. 
Sem. plurima, acerofa. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

EPACRIS pulchella ; ramis ferrugineo-tomentofis, foliis cor- 
datis rigidis. imbricatis, floribus fpicatis, corollae 
limbo piano tubum excedente. 

EPACRIS pulchella. Cavan. Icon. v. 4. n. 380. /. 345* 

Desgr. Stem fhrubby : branches twiggy, pubefcent. Leaves 
fubimbricate, fubfefnle, cordate-acuminate, rigid, recurved. 
Peduncles axillary, foiitary, fhorter th;;n the leaf, covered with 
lanceolate whitifh bracles, longer, towards the upper extremity 
imbricated, and furrounding the real calyx of five whitift lan- 
ceolate leaflets. Corolla white, fubcampanulare : tube funnel- 
inaped, fliorter than the limb, which is five-cleft, with rounded, 
patent lacinia?. Stamens five : filaments fhort, inferted into 
the mouth of the tube, nodding: anthers brown-purple, fub- 
orbicular, with white pollen. Neclary five fcales, furrounding 
the Germen, which is pentagonally globular : ftyle very fhort : 
fttgma capitate. 

The Epacris pulchella is one of the moll defirable fpecies 
of this genus hitherto introduced into our gardens. It pro- 
duces an abundance of bloffom, which comes out early in 
■March, continues a Jong time, and in favourable weather is 
Ve ry fweet-fcented. Is faid to grow plentifully about the 


fettlement of Port-Jackfon in New-Holland. Communicated 
by Mr. Loddiges. 

There are feveral fpecies of Epacris, which fo much re- 
femble one another, that it mull be extremely difficult to avoid 
falling into errors in determining the fpecies. And could we 
depend upon the accuracy of the description and figure of 
Cavanilles, we fhould certainly conclude that this was 
different from his Epacris pulcheJLi. But as he had only 
dried fpecimens to examine, he might eafily be deceived in the 
colour of the flowers and the form of the corolla. He d& 
fcribes the colour as reddifh, and has figured the corolla pf| 
funnel fhape ; he has alfo made the leaflets of the calyx longer 
and more pointed than in our plant. We have however care, 
fully compared our plant with the fpecimen preferved under 
the fame name in the Bankfian Herbarium, and cannot find 
any other difference than that of the flowers in that reaching 
near to the extremities of the branches, a difference which we 
attribute to cultivation. 


lyj. E JvranU Del 

Jl+h.&y T Curtis S*Geo Crefcen-t Fed SJSop. 

Amaryllis Ornata. Crimson and 
White Amaryllis. 

Generic Character. — F/</. /Vs. 923*. 

AMARYLLIS ornata ; (foliatura ambient cr fafciculata Htlme- 
rvfa ex ortu convo'uto-compaclo fparfim divergens 
exterius pierumq : ie in orbem dijfiifa ; fcapus ex~ 
trafoliaecns ; faux nuda ;) folns latins lorato- 
acuminatis, involuto-concaviufculis, nervofis, 
undulatis, axe craffo fubtus proiubcrante in 
laminan) extenuato ; umbella uni-multiflora, 
feflili, fpatham bivalvem ovato-lanceolatarn 
excedente ; corolla reflexo-infundibuliformi ; 
tubo flriclo, era fie flipitiformi, rotundato- 
trigono, depreffb-trifulco, lincari, in limbnm 
iubbreviorem fubbilabiatim campanulatum 
nutantem ampliato ; laciniis fubaequalibus, 
paruni unguiculatis, clliptico-lanceolatis, tribus 
fuperioribus lateraliter incumbenti-convergen- 
tibtis, media deprciTo-protenfa ; inferioribus 
tribus ventricofe patentibus, media propendula; 
filamentis horizontali-deflexis, afiurgentibus, 
brevioribas, longitudine aliquantulo alternan- 
tibus ; ftylo gracillimo, filiformi; ftigmate mi- 
nutulo breviffime trifido. Gt 

AMARYLLIS ornata. Hart, Kezv. 1. 418. JVilld. Sp. PL 
2. 5*f. 

A. ornata. («.) Nobis Jupra No. 923*. pag. a 7 t. et No. 1089. 
in Spec. Synth. 

A. zeylanica. Lin. Sp.PLcd. 2. 421. L'Herit. Sert. AngL 13. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 56. Rtohtrgk PL Coromand. 
tab. ined. 

A. Broujfoncti. Lit. a Redout e. tab. 61. 

A. yuccoidcs. Ibovipfon's Dot. DifpL No. 4. /. 14. 

A. JpefJaliHs. B'A. Rep. tab. 390. 

CKINUM yucc<eflorum. Par ad. Loud. tab. 52. 

C. latifolium. BjI. Rep. tab. 478. 

C. zeylanicum. Sp. PL Reich. 2. 24. Linn. Sxjl. Veg. 263. 
Murr. 318. 

LILIO-NARCISSUS africanus, &c. Ebret. tab. pit!. §.f.%. 
Tre-w. Ehrct. /. 13. 

*-. \ T . zeylanicus. Comm. flort. Amjl. 1, 73. /. 73. Rtdl. Elyf. 

2. 191./. 2. 


TULIPA javana. Rumph. Amb. 5, 306. /. 105. 

Obs. Mo Jo convergunt Jligmatofce lacinula, mo Jo in capitellum con- 
cavum coharefcuntf nee conjlanter Jccejentes . G. 

Descr. Leaves from 6 to 16, 1 to 3 feet long, 2 to 3 inches 
broad ; Jiem 1 to 3 feet high, round-comprefled, or flattened 
only on one fide ; flowers 1 to 10 or more, very fragrant. As 
in that of gigantea, fo in the capfule of this, fome fingle ovulum 
of one or more of the loculaments (being perhaps the only one 
impregnated) is reared into an overgrown flefhy mafs or fertile 
mole, germinating in the manner of a feed, while the reft are 
ftifled and obliterated (Vid, No. 923*). Whether this is its 
conftant mode of fructification, or merely occafional and alter- 
nate, as in hngifolia and fome others of the family, we are not 
yet enabled to decide. 

In a former part of this work (No. 923*), we had enumerated 
the prefent plant, as the variety («) of the then fubject of our 
obfervations ; at the fame time exprefTing a conviction, that 
the african ornata and indian zeylamea were but one fpecies. 
So far Mr. Dryander agrees with us; but thinks that the 
white-flowered (j3) ought to have been fpecifically diftinguifhed 
from that. With us, his opinion isdecifive ; and we have ac- 
cordingly feparated them. At the fame time, beyond that of the 
colour of the corolla, we are at a lofs to find any diftintlive 
characters, that appear to us to be depended upon. In molt of the 
fpecimens and figures, which we have feen, the leaves of ornaia 
are regularly attenuated from a broad ftraight-fidcd bafe, and 
not widening into oblong-lanceolate lamina from a fomewhat 
taperingly contrasted one as in in thofe of gigantca ; they are 
alio more decidedly undulate and lefs gteucous, as well as lefs 
confpicuoufly ftriate ; nor did we perceive in them the (lender 
denticulately ciliated edging that we noticed in thofe of the other. 
But dill thefe are fuch marks as experience has taught us, arc 
only to be depended on, when eflablifhed as the refult of ob- 
fervations, formed from the comparifon of many fpecimens 01 
each in fimilar ftages of growth and degrees of luxuriance. A* 
for the corolla appearing in our drawing more diftended than 
that of ornata, it is mod probably the mere efFe£t of a greater 
degree of funfliine at the hour in which it was obferved by the 
draughtfman, than took place when the other was feen by him. 
The prefent fpecimen was brought by Dr. Roxburgh fro* 11 
India, and flowered in Mt.Greville's hot-houfeat Paddingto' 1, 
Others have been received from Sierra Leone, and are kno^ n 
among the gardeners by the name of Cape Coaft Lilies. G. 


*op. (#*&»* 

[ 1172 ] 

Antholyza ^thiopica (/3). Lesser 
Scarlet Antholyza, 

Clafs and Order, 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. 

Spatha bivalvis, convqluto-conduplicata, ovato-acuminata, 
Jubsequalis, integra. Cor, ex deorfum tubulofa furfum fexdivifa, 
bilabiatim patens ; tubus gracilis in cylindraceam longiorem 
modove in -turbinatam breviorem extumefcens faucem, inde 
in limbum folutus inaequalem varioque riclu divaricantem. 
Statu, tubo adnata, inde libera, arcuatim afcendentia. Stylus 
capillaris, in Stigmata 3 teretia gracilia fimplicia recurvula 
definens. Cap/, (in <ethiopica faltem) fphaeroidea, depreffa, 
coriacea, laevis. Sem. in quovis loculamento uno plura, grandiuf- 
cula, fubglobofa, laevia fubbaccato-corticata; nucleo corneo. G, 

Obs. Radix Bulbo-tubcr orbiculatum, plexibus e membranis fibris Jig- 
neis tntertextis obvolutum ; foUa errfata, dijiicho-collateralia J. in quollbet 
fafciculo tali modo juxta Je pofita, ut ab ortu equitanter compact ita in eodem 
piano ab inv'uem divergent, ut per alteram fuam aciem Jibi mutuo obver- 
Jentur ; pauca atque filiformia ad plurima latitudine ferme biunciali ; caulis 
Jtmplex ; flores terminales, fpicati, afcendenter-erecTiufculi ; fcm. mutuq 
fontacliija-pefubangulofa. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ANTHOLYZA celhiopica ; (bulbo-tubcr depreffo-orbicuhitum, 
fcepius convexo-concavum J foliis numcrolis, 
lanceolato-fubfalcatis, e tcnuibus atquc lends 
cofta validiore firmatis, ere&o -diftichis, in- 
trorfum inferne leviter excifo-anguftatis j 
caule ahiori, foliolis paucis ftipato ; fpica 
multiflora, fubimbricatim diflicha ; corolla 
angufta, longiufcula, arcuatim erefta ; tubo 
gracili, ftriato, torto, fpatham fubadaequante, 
abruptius in faucem longiorem irrcgulari- 
cylindricam antrorfum carinato-compreffam 
ac inferius trigone turgidam ampliato ; limbi 
riftu perinaequali ; lacinia fuprcma cochleari- 
ligulata, fomicato-protenfa, quam faux lon- 
giori ; lateralibus iupremis bac triplo hrc- 

vioribus, involuto-acuminatis, reflexis; in- 
fequentibus duobus his longioribus, ftiramse 
qua duplo brevioribus fubconformibu*, pla- 
niufculis, recurvatis ; ima lateralibus f'upe- 
noribus confimili, minori ; filamentis femi- 
teretibus, e craffioribus ietaceo-gracilcfcen- 
tibus, galeae acclinibus ; ftigmatibus cernuo- 
prominulis, altero fubbreviori. G. 
ANTHOLYZA <etbiopica. Vid.fupra No. 5 6i ; ubi reperiunli 
fynonima ; quibtts fubjungenda : Lil. a Redoute. 
tab. no. Vahl Enum. 2. 121, 

Descr. Corolla from 2 to 3 inches, long, the tubular part 
about the fize of a large quill ; filaments downwards three 
times thicker than the fiyle, tumid at the bafe, channelled 
on their flat fide; anthers oblong fagittate ; one of the fiipth 
ihorter than the other two, about even with the anthers. When 
the flower firft opens, the faux is generally filled to the brim 
by a limpid, aqueous fecretion. Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Blooms in November. 

In No. 561 of this work, we have already given a figure and 
account ol the larger variety of the fpecies ; here we have 
but little to add. The Bulb-tubers are very apt to remain 
Rente, while they waRe themfelves in the production of a 
Iwarm of offsets. In this ftate the plant has the appearance 
ol being creeping-rooted and cefpitofe. G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 
montana? nobis in Ann. of Bot. v.\. p. 233. Gladiolus 

montanus. Vahl Enum. 2. in. — parvifiorns. Idty 

ObJ- 4. A 2. tab. 7 8. 
caffra. Herb. Bank/. 
lucidor. Vahl I.e. 122. Herb. Bank/. 
nervofa. Vahl /. c. Herb. Bank/. 

EMENDAND4.—See No. n 7 ,. . 

C/&**rn 9 ?£' tWv S*- '' AM ARYLLIS ORNATA (£). WHITE 

nftfitfr^??!! ex P? n g es P^erea quanta varietati («) obveniant fpeciatim ap- 
Ei ."' fo,a ret5neas 1 U * «»antur feorfim ad {$) citata. Hue porro 
tendura . Cr INU m g%a$aemm, Lil, a Redtifi. tab 1 8 u G 


i 'V-f.k'i^-nrJfDeZ JLtM- 

Gu> :Crefc/~rt / jFeA.J_iaop . J?, fa, fan . 

[ "73 1 

Ixia Erecta. (v. lutea; odorata.) Yellow 

Sweet-Scented Ixia. 

•&- *Mh^ % % %• $•# -#- % $•## # ■# -^ 

C/t?/jr £«</ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. N um - 846, et Nos in Ann. of Bot. 
v. 1. p. 226. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA ere El a ; (bulho-tuber ghbofo-ovatum y indumentis' mem- 
branaceo-fibrqfis vejiitum ;) foliis fubtrinis, gramineo- 
enfiformibus, nervofis, centrali re&o longiori caulem 
altiorem atque tereti-gracilefcentem (f<eptus ramulo unico 
vel gemino aucittm) longinque vaginante; fpica multi- 
flora fparfa oblonga ; fpathae valvula extima fubulato- 
acuminata,- corolla hypocrateriformi j tubo fpatha lon- 
giori, limbi Iacinias fubaequante, recto, e filiformi 
fubtubatim latefcente ; laciniis rotato-patentibus, fub- 
sequalibus, oblongo-ellipticis, concaviufculis, bafi 
parum coar&atis ; ftaminibus his duplo brevioribus, 
conniventer ere&iufculis ; antheris fagittato-Iinearibus, 
ereftis ; ftigmatibus ferme ad tubi os difcretis, infra 
antherarum bafin recurvatim difTufis. G. 

IXIA erefla. Vid. Jupra N is - 623 et 846 ; unde fynonyma 
habenda. G. 

(y) corolla minor ; lutea ; odorata. G. 

JXIA ere Ha. J acq. Hort. Schxnb. v. 1. tab, 18; quod ad fi- 
gurant minoretn pro hac varietate. 

This variety of erecta is the mod fragrant of the genus. 
Probably a diftind fpecies ; but as we are unable to define 
l he difference to our fatisfaclion, we have thought fit to leave 


it as a variety of the fpecies, to which at all events it is the 
clofeft allied. 

We have never known of the arrival of any confideraMe 
parcel of bulbs, from the Cape of Good Hope, which this 
did not accompany ; fo that it is probably a very common 
plant there. 

Blooms very freely in May and June ; is very ornamental, 
and of eafy culture. G, 


No. 871. 1. 22. dele " quam." 

No. 1164. 1. 8. pro " thyrfodies" lege " thyrfoides." 

No, 1165. p. alt, 1, 10. after " was" infert «* firft/ 



C "74 ] 

Erodium Hymenodes. Ternate-Leaved 

» » ♦ » l | t » »» $ ft j | e T | t $ » ft ; f fr 

Gfo/f awi Order. 


Generic Chara&er. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala. Neil. SqtiamuJa 5 cum fila- 
mentis alternantes ; et Glandula melliferae bafi ftaminum infi- 
dentes. FrucJus 5-coccus, roftratus : roftra fpirajia, introrfum 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ERODIUM hymenodes ; pedunculis rauhifloris, foliis obtufis 
incifo-dentatis : inferioribus ternatis, fuperiori- 
bus trilobis, caule erefto. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 635. 

ERODIUM hymenodes. L'Herit. Geran. t. 4. fig. optima. 

ERODIUM trilobaium ; pedunculis multifloris, foliis cordatis 
fubrotundis tripartitis hirfutis ferratis. Jacq. Ic. 
Rar. 3. /. 508. Collect. 4. p. 200. 

GERANIUM hymenodes. Bot. Repof. t. 413. 

GERANIUM trifolium ; saule herbaceo craffo ramofo, foliis 
radicalibus ternatis lobatis, caulinis oppofitis 
fimplicibus lobatis, petalis venofis, fuperioribus 
maculatis. Cavan. Dijf. 4. p. 223. /. 97. f. 3. 

GERANIUM geifolium ; caule herbaceo, foliis cordatis tri- 
lobis hirfutis, lobis furfum latioribus rolundatis, 
pedunculis multifloris, petalis inaequalibusvenofo- 
reticulatis. Desf. Atl. 2. p. 108. 

The Erodium hymenodes mzy be confidered as a connecting 
link between this genus and Pelargonium ; with the tuber- 
ous rooted five-ftamened fpecies of which it has a very near 
affinity : at the fame time it differs from the European fpecies 
°f Erodium in having an irregular corolla. 

This hardy herbaceous perennial is a native of Northern 
Africa, and fufficiently hardy to bear our milder winters in the 
open air, but is liable to be deftroyed by fevere froft. Being 
a plant of confiderable beauty, though not fweet-fcemed, it is 
worthy of being more generally cultivated than it is, efpecially 
as it is fo eafily propagated either by feeds or cuttings. 

Flowers through the whole of the fummer. Introduced 
about the year 1789. 

Drawn at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 

Jl+&.3yT , a t r£iL»J' 

JWllSOJ . J? Jan/em- J 

[ ii?5 ] 

Centaurea Ochroleuca. Caucasian 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea* 

Generic Character* 

Recept. fetofunt. Pappus fimplex. CorolU radii infimdi- 
buliformes, longiores, irregulares. 

Specific Charailcr and Synonyms. 

CENTAUREA ochroleuca ; calycibus ciliatis, foliis radicalibus 
obovato-lanceolatis undulatis ; caulinis decur- 
rentibus lanceolatis dentatis undulatis lucido- 

CENTAUREA ochroleuca. Com. de Muffin-PnflA'm. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 3. 2289. Donn Hort. Cant. 196. 

CENTAUREA caucafica. Marfchall von Bieberjlein. 

CYANUS orientalis latifolius leviter lanuginofus, flore maximo 
citrtno. Tourn. Cor. 32. 

Descr. Stem about a foot and half high, fimple, branched 
near the fummit only, angular, winged by the decurrent pro- 
cefles of the leaves, which reach from leaf to leaf. Radical 
leaves oblong, pointed, widening gradually towards the upper 
extremity, quite entire, but undulated at the margin, mining 
green, though fomewhat woolly, roughifh to the touch. Cauline 
leaves lanceolate, irregularly toothed, very much undulated, 
alfo fomewhat woolly and roughifh. In drying, the wool 
becomes whiter and more evident. Calyx ovate : fcales rather lax, 
oyate, green with a black margin, fringed with tawny yellow 
cili*. Flowers large, pale-yellow, folitary, terminal : Florets 
*f the radius funnel-fhaped, moftly divided into fix narrow 
fecinije, bilabiately arranged : Florets of the dtjk tubular : tube 


long cylindrical ; faux globular ; limb divided into five linear 
laciniae. Anthers cylindrical, exferted, dark-purple, with bluifh 
pollen. Stigma reddifh-purple, revolute. 

This plant has affinity with Centaurea montana (No. 77) 
but is abundantly diftingujihed by the ftem being much more 
winged by means of the undulated leaves, and by the long 
tawny cilise growing from the black margin of the fcales of 
the calyx. 

It is a hardy perennial, readily increafed by feeds or parting 
its roots. Native of Mount Caucafus, whence the feeds were 
received under the name of Centaurea caucqfica, by Mr. 
JLoddiges ; who at the fame time received feeds of another 
variety, or very nearly related fpecies, by the name of C. 
cblorantba, which has pale purple or lilac coloured flowers, 
and leaves more woolly, fofter, and not undulated. 

Flowers in May, June, and July, 


C "76 ] 

Cytisus Purpureus. Purple -Flowered 


# % $ 4HJH|Hfr ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦$ ■ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 2-labiatus : -f, tegmnen bafi attcnuatum. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CYTISUS purpureus ; floribus axillaribus fubfolitariis pe- 
dunculatis, calycis labio inferiore fubintegerrimOj 
leguminibus lineanbus fupeme falcatis. 

CYTISUS purpureus; floribus pedunculatis folitariis, foliis 
glabris, caulibus dccumbentibus frutefcentibus, le- 
gaminibus fuperne falcatis. Jacq. Aujir, 5. App. 
U 48. 

CYTISUS purpureus ; floribus axillaribus folitariis peduncu- 
latis, caulibus procumbentibus, foliolis obovatis 
leguminibufque linearibus fubrepandis. Willd. Sp. 
Pi. 3. 1124. 

CYTISUS purpureas. Scop. Cam. 2. n. 905. /. 43. Zann % 
Hi ft. p. 83. /. 2. 10. 

The purple-flowered Cytifus is a humble fhrub with weak 
ftcms, which in the month of May are covered with a pro- 
fiifion of flowers \ thefe, in cultivation, we have obferved 
generally to come in pairs, though defcribed from native 
Specimens as being folitary, The whole plant is fmooth 
except the mouth of the calyx and the keel of the corolla* 
which are villous, The calyx is bilabiate : the upper lip 
emarginate, the lower appears to be entire, but when the 
villofuy Ih rinks by drying is feen to be minutely three-toothed. 

A native of Carniola, where it was firft difcovered by 
Wui.fen, and a figure and defcription of it were publifhcd 
byjACQuiN, in the Appendix to his Flora Auftriaca. Is 
Perfectly hardy. Introduced about the year 1790, we believe 
by Mr. Loddiges. Our drawing was taken at Me firs. Wiut- 
1-ey and Brame's, 01d-B romp ton. 


rp^«W JM>by T Cr/is i.r'Cc* a^Tc^U JMj/309. *mO~Ji»& 

[ 1X 77 ] 

Podalyria Alba. White-Flowered 


C/<//j a^ Onkr. 
Decandkia Monogy.nia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. fubbilabiatus, 5 -fidus. Cor. papilionacea, alae vexillum 
longitudine fuperantes. Legnmen ftipitatum, ventricofum, po- 
ly fpermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PODALYRIA alba ? foiiis tcrnatis petiolatis: foliolis oblongis 
obtufis, ftipulis filiformibus petiolo breviori- 
bus. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 503. 

aOPHORA alba ; foiiis ternatis petiolatis, foiiis ellipticis 
glabris, ftipulis fubfubulatis brevibus. Syjt. 

r , AT „ A v *g- 3 2 5-. Hoit ' Kew - 2. p. 45- 

^KUIALARIA alba foiiis tcrnatis lanceolato ovatis caule 
laevi herbaceo, raccmo terminali. Sp. PI. 

AvnviTo ■ . 10 ° 6, H ° rL CI '^' 499 ' R ° y - /ligdt 375 ' 

-^AUNIS caroliniana perennis non i pi no fa, foliorum margi- 

nibus intcgris, floribus in thyrfo candidis. 

Marty n Cent. 44. /. 44. 

In the ninth volume of the tranfaflions of the Linnean 
society, Mr. Salisbury has given us fome observations on 
the genus Sophora, as it Hands in the Syflema Vegetabilium, 
ln which this acute and learned botanift remarks that there are 
at lead eight diftind genera combined, and that very few, if 
an y s of thefe will follow each other in a natural ferics. 

Of thefe Mr, Salisbury enumerates the following aflem- 
"kgc, as evidently forming one genus, viz. Padalyria 


[Sophora] aitfiralis, Bot. Mag. n. 509 ; P. tinfloria, n. 1099 ; 
P. lupinoidcs ; V. alba, our prefent plant. To which we may 
probably add from Michaux, Pooalyria f Crotalaria L.] 
■perfoliata; P. unifiora ; P. villofa ; P. mollis, The above plants 
are all natives of North-America, and agree in having herba- 
ceous items, ternate leaves, large ftipulae, and a. pediceilated 
inflated pod. 

We have greatly to regret that whilft Mr. Salisbury has 
pointed out the different genera, he has not in this effay, given 
us the generic characters, nor applied any names, except tq one 
aiTemblage, confining of Soph or a tetraptera n. 167. S. yiicro- 
fhylla and a new fpecies from Sandwich Iflands, Thefe are 
certainly very diftincl from the above and every other fpecies 
hitherto enumerated under Sophora and Podalyria ; and Mr. 
Salisbury has framed a feparate genus of them and given it 
the name of Ed wards i a, in honor of Sydenham Edwards, 
well known as a very fkilful botanical draftfman, nearly the 
whole of the drawings of the Botanical Magazine being the 
produBion of his pencil. In the Paradifus Londinenfis, this 
author had indeed before given the characters of the Ample* 
leaved fpecies, natives, of the Cape of Good-Hope, to which 
he applied the name of Podalyria ; but as Lamarck made his 
genus chiefly from Podalyria linttoria, it would, we think, 
have been better to have retained this name for the genus or 
which our prefent plant is a fpecies. On this account we have 
not thought it right to change the name of Podalyria tor 
the prefent ; but if this mould be generally adopted for the 
Cape fpecies, our plant and its congeners may be aptly enough 
called Th ermopsis, from the refemblance feveral of them bear 
to Lupins. Podalyria alba is a hardy herbaceous perennial, 
readily propagated by feeds and with care by parting its roots, 
but Miller remarks that thefe plants do not bear moving well. 
A variety with blue flowers is mentioned by Murray in the 
Gcettingen Commentaries for 1778. Introduced by Mr. Mar* 
Catesby in 1724. Flowers in June. Drawn at the £otaru& 
Garden, Brompton, 


JVJ Edwards Vtl. 

fU& ! >y 7' r, : ru: . ^Crun.CrerceitlHarlJBOQ. .F.faftfomJatly 

C »78 ] 

Amaryllis Revoluta. Changeable- 
Flowered Amaryllis. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 923*. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS revoluta ,• (bulbus ovato ghbofus, grandior : 
folia pauca f. plurima ambienter fafciculata t ex 
ortu convoluto-compaclo cretto-divergentia, ex- 
terior a fcepius recumbenter diffufa ; fcapus extra 
ilia lateralis ; faux nuda ; ) foliis lorato-acu- 
minatis, involuto-concavis, glauciufculis, 
flriatis ; fcapo altiori, comprefTe tereti ; 
urabella pauci- f. mukiflora; fpatha bivalvi 
lanceolata ; germine brevi-pedicellato, glo- 
bofo-elliptico, exfulco, laevi; corolla recur- 
vato-infundibuliformi, tubo angulofo-rotun- 
dato, fulcato, lineari, quam limbus fubduplo 
breviori, laciniis elliptico-lanceolatis, deorfum 
parurri unguiculatis, longius cucullatim con- 
vergentibus, fuperne revoluto-patentibus in- 
flexione obfoletiflime bilabiata, intimis fub- 
latioribus ; ftaminibus deflexo-aflurgentibus, 
parum insequalibus; ftylo corollae fere aequali; 
ftigmate parvulo, orbiculato, aperto, pu- 
berulo. G. 

revoluta. LHerit. Sert. Angl. 4. Hort. Kew. 
1.419. Mart. Mill. Dif/. H Hid. Sp. Pi 2. 
57. Bauer's Sketches in Cod. Bankf. Nobis 
fupra No. 915 / iterum No. 917. 
variabilis. Jacq. Hort. Schcenb. v. 4. tab. 



Descr. Leaves fometimes amounting to twelve, inner ones 
narrower, acutely channelled, outer ones involute-concave, 
one to two feet long, one to two inches broad ; fern higher than 
thefe ; pedicles of the umbel intermixed with fmall membranous 
Kcles ; corolla white, fegments varioufly tinged with red on 
lRe omfide; capfule (according to Jacquin's figure) deprefTed- 


globular, trifulcate, pulvinately tritorofe, with three fertile 
cells, the cavity of each filled by a fingle reniform-oblong 
feed; probably, as in fome others of this genus, an accidental 
and alternate mode of fructification ? 

This very rare fpecies has already made its appearance in 
the prefent work ; but the fpecimen from which the drawing 
was taken, had no leaves, and was altogether far lefs perfeft 
than that which has been now figured by our draughtfman. 
For it we are indebted to Mr. Woodford, with whom it 
flowered laft fummer. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Very clofely allied to longifolia (No. 661); but has a corolla 
with the tube fhorter, and not longer than the limb, as in that ; 
alfo a proportionably fmaller germen, which is ovalj more 
even, furrowlefs ; and polifhed. (7. 



I "79 ] 

Dracena Ovata. Ovate-Leaved 


< HTf »»»»»»$ ft fr » ♦ »»» » 

C7tf/5 <wh/ Orvfcr. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafler.-~Vid. No. 739, 

Obs. DIJcrepat Sanseviera rhizomate caudefcente Jlaminibut media 
crajjioribus. G. 

Specific CharaEier and Synonyms, 

DRACAENA ovata g (plant a compendiofe palm<efarmis ; rhizoma 
caudefcens ; caudex frutefcens, junior foliolis fpatha- 
ceis convoluto-vaginantibus deorfum veflitus, adultior 
ijiis dilapfis nudus cicatrizatus ; tandem fubpro- 
lifer, in fummitate ramum frugifemm ereBum fibi 
fimilem lateraliter promens, indeque fiexuofus ;) foliis 
terminalibus, nuraerofis, fparfis, comofo-confertis, 
ex ere&is recurvato-patentibus, fupra ncrvis aliis 
obfoletioribus crebre ftriatis aliis prominentioribus 
diffite fubcoftatis, fubtus tranfverfe venofo-rugo- 
fulis, in petiolos lineares canaliculars inferne 
latefccntes amplexicaules anguftatis ; racemo ter- 
minal!, compofito, conglomerate, parvo, feflili, 
e floribus breviffime pedicellatis bra&eolatis in 
fafciculos paucifloros fefliles proximos fparfos 
foliolis fingulis vaginatos fegregatis ; corolla 
brevi-hypocrateriformi, tubo ftriato-tereti, a bafi 
ventricofa furfum coar&ato, lacinias patentes 
lineares convoluto concavas carinato-gibbas liib- 
aequante ; filaraentis his brevioribus, terctibus, 
medio craflioribus, utrinque attenuatis ; ftylo 
parum longiori ; ftigmate capitato-trilobo. 

ALETRIS pumila, Donn Hort. Cant. ed. 4. nee. priorum. G. 

Descr. Caudex from the root to where the fir ft branch is 
Produced fix to eight inches high, frutefcent, of equal thicknefs, 


about half an inch in diameter; larger terminal leaves with 
petioles from one to two inches long and about the third of 
an inch broad, with lamina three to four inches long and about 
two or more broad, on the upper furface deep green, on the 
under very pale green with a filvery glofs, edges reflex ; in- 
florefcence at the fiimmit of the caudex without any intervening 
item or peduncle, embofomed in the lower part of the 
larger leaves, but immediately furrounded by others nearly of 
fimilar fhape but many times fmaller; the leaflet at the bafe of 
each floral fafcicle is ftill fmaller, epetiolate, and often fpha- 
celate ; rachis knobbed at the fcites of the floral fafcicles. 
The reft of the plant is fully defcribed in the above fpecific 
chararcier, except the feed. Older plants may poffibly acquire 
a greater height than ours has at prefent : if they are long-lived 
and continue to produce periodically the terminal fide branch, 
they muft of courfe attain a much more confiderable ftature. 

A fpecies not yet defcribed in any publication known to us. 
Native of Sierra Leone j from whence the feed was fent by 
ProfefTor Afzelius to Mr. Loddiges, in whofe ftove the 
plant flowered iaft September. G, 



■<■ t ci.rA.- j-.'a&.o 

C n8o ] 

Sanseviera Guineensis. African 
Bow-String Hemp. 

■ t t * f fry f y f » j j c » » » » fry » » 

Generic Characler. — A?<£ Afr, 739. 
Obs. Gwkj mm Drac^na proxima affinitate caharens. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SANSEVIERA guineenfis ; (rbizoma Jblido-carno/um, craffum 
horizontaliter prorepens, articulatum nee in 
candkem affurgens ;) foliis radicalibus, plu- 
rimis, ambienter fafciculatis, ab ortu convo- 
luto-compafto ere&o-patulis, ligulato lanceo- 
latis, involnto - concavis, coriaceo - craffis, 
rigidiffimis, nitidis, corrugatione minuta den- 
fa implicita lev iter inferiptis, (fafciis tranf- 
ver/is undatis dentato-marginatis Jaturatioribus 
diluticribus alternantibus variegatis^ vel his in 
vetujiioribus obfolefcentibus fubconcoloribus,) car- 
tilagine gracili in mucronera exeunte ter- 
minalem marginatis, extimis brevioribus ; 
.caule centrali, teretiufculo, infra foliolis 
diflitis ftipato; racemo compofito, fpicatirrt 
elongato, e floribus divergenti-ereftiufculis 
brevi-pedicellatis, bra61eolis acuminatis inter- 
ftin&is, atque in fafciculos paucifloros fefliles 
fparfos parum remotos fegregatis ; corollas 
laciniis ligulatis, obtufulis, fubsequalibus, 
revoluto-divaricantibus, tubum fulcato-tere- 
tem bafi tumidiufculurn aequantibus ; ftylo 
his longiore, {lamina patentia fatis exfupe- 

„ rante : ftigmate capitellato, puberulo. G. 

* guineenfis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 159. (exclufo Tbunb. prod.) 

^ALMIA fpicata. Groan, ic. 3. 24. /. 246. 

-JLETRIS guineenfis. Jacq. HorL Vindb. v. 1. p. 36. /. 84. 

A LETRIS byacintheides. (3. (guineenfis.) Lin. Sp. PL ed. 2. 

. . 1. 456. HorL Kew. 1. 464. 

A ^OE guineenfis. Jacq. enum. Stirp. Vinab. app. 308. 

A. foliis 

A. foliis latis undulatis maculofis, floribus fpicatis infundibuli- 

formibus, limbo revoluto. Mill, Dift. el 7. 

n. 22. 
A. foliis Ianceolatis planis ereftis radicatis. *. (ruineenfis.) 

Hort. Cliff. 132. 
A. guineenfis radice geniculata, foliis e viridi et atro undulatim 

variegatis. Cmm* Hart, Amfl* 2. 39. /. 20. 

JfW. Bot. 84. /. 33. 

Desc. Leaves from half a foot to two feet high; having 
their inner fubflance clofely interwoven with ftraight longitu- 
dinal fibres, as fine as thofe of hemp, and exceedingly tough; 
which in the clofely allied Eaft-Indian fpecies, when freed from 
the flefhy fubftance that adheres to them, are manufaftured by 
the natives into bow firings ; Jlem with the inflorefcence about 
two feet and a half high; peduncle, from the protuberance of the 
partial receptacles of the flower-fafcicles, fomewhat knobbed; 
fowers greenifh white, about an inch and a half long, fully 
expanded only in the evening and during the night, when they 
are very fragrant ; ftarmns nearly x^jual, adnate to the tube, 
rather Ihorter than the border, filiform ; anthers linear oblong, 
incumbent ; fiyle filiform, nearly twice thicker than thefe ; 
germen ovate-oblong, bluntly trigonal, trifulcate, angles de- 
prefledly one-ftreaked ; berry orange-red, deprefled-globular, 
generally one celled and one feeded, the other two cells being 
abortive, about the fize of a common pea. 

Native of the coaft of Guinea. Cultivated in 169O in 
Hampton-Court gardens. Requires to be conftantly kept in a 
hot-houfe ; eafily propagated by offsets. 

We have dropped Thun berg's " thyrftflora? ufually annexed 
to it for a fynonym, fince neither the fpecific name or phrafe 
feem to us to apply to the prefent fpecies; nor is it very 
probable that it mould be found growing fpontaneoufly in tk 
neighbourhood of the Cape of Good Hope. Our drawing *» 
taken form a plant that flowered laft September, at M r ' 
LoDDiGEs'Nurfery-Garden, Hackney. G. 


7L.iJyT ^rr^»,f.* lt r, ,4P,;, 

C «8i ] 

Asclepias Nivea. Almond-Leaved 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Contorta. Netlaria 5, ovata, concava, corniculura ex- 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ASCLEPIAS nivea j foliis oppofitis ovato-lanceolatis inferne 
tomentofis, caule fimplici nodofo puberulo, 
umbellis lateralibus laxis, pedicellis filiformibus 
pedunculum aequantibus. 

ASCLEPIAS nivea ,• foliis ovato-lanceolatis glabriufculis, 
caule fimplici, umbellis ere&is lateralibus foli- 
tariis. Syjl. Vegetab. 259. Hort. Kew. 1. 306. 
mild. Sp. PL 1266. 

ASCLEPIAS nivea. Sp. PL 313- 

ASCLEPIAS caule ereBo fimplici annuo, foliis lanceolatis 
ovatis glabris, pedunculis alternis, umbellis 
ereQis. Gron. Virg. 27. ed. 2. p. 37. 

APOCYNUM americanum foliis amygdali longioribus. Vlum. 
Spec. 2. It. 30. 

APOCYNUM Perficarice mitis folio, corniculis laQeis. Dill. 

Elth.^.t. 29./. 3 2 -- ? 

Descr. Stems erea, fimple, rounded, fwoln at the infer- 
tion of the leaves, clothed with a minute foft pubefcence. 
Leaves oppofite, fubfeflile, ovate-lanceolate, fmoothifli above, 
tomentofe underneath: tomentum of the older ones white, of 
the younger greenifh. Peduncles alternate, obliquely erect, 
inferted between the leaves, not in the axils: one, fometimes 


two terminal. Umheh large, very lax, many of the flowers 
being pendulous from weaknefs of the coloured, filiform pe- 
dicles, which equal the peduncles in length. Calyx fmall, acute. 
Corolla 5-parted : lacini<e reflected, of a pale-green colour, 
purplifh-brown on the outfide. Neftaries purfe-fhaped, five- 
toothed : the two lower teeth longer than the reft: horn awl- 
fhaped, incurved, exferted. Stigma top-fhaped, deprefled at 
the fummit. Stamens five : pllen-lobes club-fhaped, jointed. 

The fynonym of Dillenius we confider as altogether 
doubtful, from the length of the peduncles, the too compaft 
appearance of the umbel, the Ihortnefs of the corolla, the 
patent not reflex lacinise, and the entire not five-toothed margin 
of the neclary. 

Tile moft remarkable feature of Asclepias m'vea, is the 
very lax umbel, the flowers of which droop from the want of 
ftrength in the pedicles. 

Native of Virginia and the Carolinas; is confidered as a 
hardy herbaceous perennial, but is liable to be deftroyed in 
fevere winters, unlefs proteaed from the froft. Propagated 
by parting its roots. Flowers in July and Auguft. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 


. ; yjz^„j.2>4. ju. *r*a~*,sr.*~ ! 6 9 r^± MUf . ^ J . a „ /: , mJ „.j r - 

C 1182 ] 

Asclepias Variegata. Variegated 

.lie jfe. Si. Ji J&f. lU ^Z.jfc.lO&.Si.jfz. lit jit. •■'t. «!i »&...>"£. «J«. 
•Vj; trfi" ->fi- "f$ •5JT VJ» •V J »"VjS' 7f? Vfi Vj* 1 V,C •>,«■ ViCSj? Tp- V,C *Ja" 

C/tf/i <7«<^ Order. 
Pentandria Dxgynia, 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Neflaria 5, ovata, concava, corniculum ex- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ASCLEPIAS variegata ; foliis ovatis rugofis nudis, caule 
fimplici, umbellis fubfeflilibus : pedicellis to- 
mentofis. Sp. PL 312. Syft. Veg. 259. Willd. 
1. 1265. Hort. Kew. 1. 306. 

ASCLEPIAS ex Virginia. Bauh. Pin. 303. 

WISANK five Vincetoxicum indianum. Ger. Em. 899. 

APOCINUM americanum, tuberofa, radice non incanum, 
foliis rigidioribus lads fubrotundis, floribus 
albis intus purpureis, fummo caule corymbum 
magnum efformantibus. Pluk. Almag. 34. /. 77. 

/ 1. 

ASCLEPIAS bybrida; caulibus fimplicifTimis minutim tomen- 
tofis, foliis petiolatis ovalibus minutiflime pu- 
berulis, umbellis aphyllis terminalibus. Micbaux 
Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 115. 

ASCLEPIAS variegata; foliis petiolatis fubtus glaucis fub- 
tomentofis, caule erefto tomentofo j umbellis 
plerumque tribus ereftis alternis; petalis et 
auriculis corniculatis albis, corpufculo bafi 
rubro. Walter F/or. Carol, p. 104. 

Michaux confidering the Asclepias variegata of Walter 
as different from the plant fo called by Linn* us, gave it 


the name of hybrida ; but we Can fee no reafon to believe that 
the A. variegata of the Flora Carolinienfis is different from 
the plant figured by Plukenet and quoted by Linnaus; 
nor do we fee any thing contradictory in the fpecific chara&er 
of the latter author, the very minute pubefcence probably dif- 
appearing altogether in the dried fpecimen, to which alone had accefs. 

It is one of the moft defirable fpecies of the genus, and is 
efteemed to be hardy, but being a native of the fouthern Hates 
of North-America, is liable to be deftroyed in fevere winters ; 
and probably for this reafon is ftill very rare, though culti- 
vated by Philip Miller many years ago. 

Our plant was brought from Carolina, by Mr. Fraser, 
Nurferyman, of Sloane-Square, Flowers in July. Propagated 
by parting its roots. 


[ "83 ] 

Protea Speciosa. Splendid Protea* 

C/^/j- fl»(f Order. 
Tetrandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. 5*fida 3 feu 4-petala. Anthers lineares, infertae petalis 
infra apicem. Cal. proprius o. Nux i-fperma, fupera. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

PROTEA fpeciofa ; capitulo oblongo, fquamis calycinis om- 
nibus erectis obtufis : radii fpathulatis barbatis 
apice incurvis, foliis ovatis* marginatis glabris. 

PROTEA fpeciofa ; floribus folitariis, radio calycino fpa- 
thulato ferrugineo - barbato, foliis lanceolatis. 
Mant. 191. 

PROT y£ A fpeciofa latifolia. Bat. Repof. 110. 

PROTEA fpeciofa. Gawler Recenf. 3 1 . 

This beautiful fpecies of Protea is very diftinft in every 
part from Protea Lepidocarpon (No. 674) with which it has 
been confounded by Willdenow as well as Thunberg. 
*^e cannot venture to infert any of their fynonyms but that 
of the Mantifla, all of them either belonging to Lepidocarpon 
or being uncertain. 

The brilliancy of the flowers depends very much upon the 
jnrubs being expofed to the air and light; fuch as bloom 
late in the fummer, when they can be placed entirely in the 
open air, if the weather prove favourable, are much redder 
than thofe that open in the greenhoufe, in which the green 
colour prevails over the red. 

The genus Protea, as it (lands in Willdenow, contains 
* number of genera belonging to a large natural family, fome 
of which have been diftinguifhed and accurately defined by 


Mr. Salisbury, in the Paradifus Londinenfis. But Mr 
R. Brown, librarian to the Linnean Society, has began to 
read before that body, a treatife on the natural order of the 
Protege, in which the whole family will be divided into 
diftina genera. The name of Protea we are informed he 
has applied to the genus of which our prefent plant is a fpecies. 
We have no doubt but that his arrangement will be generally 
adopted, no Botanift of the prefent day being, perhaps, fo well 
qualified for this undertaking. 

The Protea fpeciofa is a native of the Cape of Cood Hope. 
Requires an airy light greenhoufe. Is propagated by feeds 
only. J 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's late garden 
at Vauxhall. s 



C «»4 ] 

Stapelia Elegans. Elegant Stapelia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia, 

Generic CharaEIer. 
Contorta. Neflar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Cbaracler and Sjnonyfns. 

STAPELIA elegans ,- corollis quinquefidis hifpidis : laciniis 
lanceolatis margine ciliatis, fundo pentagono, 
pedunculis corolla longioribus, ramis diffufis 
oblongis teretiufculo-tetragonis medio floriferis- 
Willd.Sp.Pl. 1282. 

STAPELIA elegans ; ramis pluribus confertis oblongis den- 
tatis dentibus patentibus acutis, corolla quin- 
quefida, laciniis triangularibus hifpidis, margine 
fimbriatis. Mafs. Stap. 27. 

Stapelia elegans, c<efpitofa, and radiata (Tupra 619) are 
very nearly allied; the firft, our prefent plant, is diftinguifhed 
from the fecond principally by the laciniee being covered with 
hairs on the infide as well as ciliated at the margin; from both 
the fecond and third by being more patent. The branches of 
j«l three are very fhort, recumbent, and crowded together. 
-I he acutenefs or bluntnefs of the teeth is a character not 
much to be depended upon, as they vary fo much at different 
periods of their growth. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden 
at Brompton, in November 1807. Native of the fandy 
deferts, called Karro, at the Cape of Good Hope. 

Requires the fame treatment as the other fpecics. 


£i*'iv*!<:*fjonfimJl l 


C 1185 ] 

Scilla Serotina (/3.) Pink Late- 
Flowering Souil. 
frf ♦ $ $ t$ ♦ ♦ ♦ $♦♦ ♦♦*& ♦ '♦ ♦ ♦ ' 

SCILLA ferotina g (bmfte<e fimplices ; corolla citra medium 
fexfida, breviter tubulofa, limbo diffbrmi ;) foliis pau- 
cis (4 — 5), lorato-acuminatis, convoluto-concavis, 
nervofis, caudato-mucronatis, glauciufculis; racemo 
ere£to, oblongo, fubfecundo, remotiufeulo; bracleis 
ftriato-membranaceis, ovato-attenuatis, pedicello 
fublongioribus j corolla pendulo-nutante ; laciniis 
externis oblongo-acuminatis, fublongioribus, paten- 
dbus ; internis fubanguftioribus, lincari-oblongis, 
concaviufculis, obtufulis, in ampullam e collo 
conftri&o ore trilobo patulo hiantem coadunatis ; 
filamentis ligulato-fubulatis, inclufis, akernis faltem 
tubum, akeris lacinias interiores fere totis decur- 
rentibus; antheris fagittato-linearibus, ereQo-con- 
niventibus ; germine inverfe pyramidato, alato- 
trigono; ftylo (in 3 facile pari ibili) trifulco-fubulato, 
minutiffime pubente, in punttum fimpliciffimum 
defmente. G. 
S C I L L A ferotina. Fid. fupra No. 85 p. 

Obs. Cum quibufdam Albucis congruit dtfformi corolla limbo, germine 
obconico triquetro, Jtylo perinde pubefcente ; differt autem ab iifdem, corolla in- 
fra tubulofe coalita, ac lacinias habente internas ex furfum conferruminatis et 
warcJatis in tot idem lobules diver genter folutas, filamntis quoque alternatim 
Mis adnatis. G. 

We refer to No. 859 for what relates generally to the 
fpecies. Of the prefent variety we find no mention in any 
book ; nor had we ever heard of it, when it was pointed out to 
us by Mr. Greville, who received a recently-imported bulb 
laft fummer, but without any clue to enable him to trace from 
what part of the world it came. We attribute the greater 
expanlion in the outer fegments of this, than in thofe of that 
which is reprefented in No. 859, to the plant's having been 
kept in the hothoufe. 

We have, more than once, faid that Scilla, Hyaa'nlbus, 
and Mufcarr, were extremely artificial fe&ions, if not unne- 
ceflary interruptions of natural affinity ; and that we adhered to 
them, becaufe we found them already eftablilhed, and adopted 
ty very eminent Botanifts. In fact, each is more eafily dif- 
t,r *gui(hable from each other, than the firft from Ornilhogalum. 
Below, we have enumerated fuch fpecies as appear to us rcaJJy 
to ktiong to them. Of the others found in Wuldenow, 
9 fome 

fome are at leafi: doubtful, others clearly not admiflible into 
any one of the following fections. G. 

Sgilla. — Fid. N ot - 663, 746, 918, et 919. 

*cor hexapetalo-partita, Jlellato-patens ; **brab~le<e gemin<e. 
italica. Supra tab. 663. 

vincentina. Link et Hoffin. Ann. Bot. v. 1. 102. 
**brab~le<e fmplices vel nullte. 
peruviana. Supra tab. 749. 
lufitanica. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 129. lingulata. Desf. Alt. 1. 298. 

/. 88./. 1. ? odorata*. Link I. c. 10. ? 
villofa. Desf. I. c. t. 85. /. 2. 

Lilio-Hyacinthus. Willd. I. c. 126. Cluf. Hijl. 2. 185. cum. Ic 
amcena. Supra tab. 341 (3, fibirica. 1025. 
verna. Eng. Bot. tab. 23. umbellata. Ram. bull, philom. n. 41. 

p. 130. /. 8./. 6. 
monophylla. Link I. c. 104. In Hort, reg. Kew. florida docente 

Herb. Bankf. 
hyacinthoides. Supra, tab. 1140. 

parviflora. Desf. I. c. tab. 87. Anne precedenti jure feparala.t 
undulata. Id. I. *c. tab. 88. 
obtufifolia. Id. I. c. tab. 88. 
autumnalis. Supra tab. 919. 
bifolia. Supra tab. 746. 
*cor. ultra medium nee vero bafin ufque partita t laciniis campanu- 

lalo-convergentibus, externis a latere utroque internis incumben- 

tibus ; **brafle<e gemin<e. G. 
campanulata. Supra tab. 128 et 1102. 

non icripta. Willd. I. c. 166. (Hyacinthus.) Eng. Bot. t. S77- 
(Scilla nutans.) 

**brafle<e Jimplices. 
ferotina. Supra tab. 859. p tab. 1185. 
romana. Supra tab. 939. 

Hyacinthus. — Fid. No. 937. 
cor. cylindrico-campanulata, cis medium fexfida, laciniis diverge* 

tibus. G. 
orientals. Supra tab. 937. 
amcthyftinus. Lil. a Red. tab. 14. 

Muscari. — Fid. No. 734. 
cor. ventricofo-tubuhfa, ore coartlaio crenis fex brevijfmus 0$*' 

ginato. G. 
mofchatum. Supra tab. 734. ambrofiacum. Red. I. c. t. 134- 
racemofum. Supra tab. 122. (Hyacinthus.) 
botryoides. Supra tab. 157. (Hyacinthus.; 
parviflorum. Desf. /. c. 309. 
maritimum. Id. I. c. 308. 
comofum. Supra tab. 133. (Hyacinthus.) 

* The tranflation in " Annals of Botany," defcribes the corolla aj " three or/**' f iX{i ^** 
inch lonj;" the original fays, «» 3 — 4 lineal long*. " 

y*»*A frrlfJOQ 

[ u86 ] 

Narcissus Bifrons. Jonquil-Scented 

% $ fei ♦ > ^ ^ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ t ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ^ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N !t - 924 et 925. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS bifrons : (fubmnltiflorus ; filamenta iota adnata t 
anth. 3 intra tubum occulta, 3 intra coronam 
aperlde ; ) foliis paucis (fubbinis) ligulatis^ paulo 
furfum attenuatis, obtufulis, intus concavis, 
extus convexis, ftriatulis; fcapo cavo, tereti- 
compreffo, eftriato, glabro ; pedicellis fpatham 
fubaequantibus ; corolla refraclo-nutante ; tubo 
quam germen fubtriplo longiori, triquetro, 
angufto; laciniis hoc fubbrevioribus, oblongi- 
• ufculis cum acumine, ftellato-patentibus; corona 
his fubtriplo breviori, cupulari, fexlobulato- 
excifa ; ftylo non citra imas antheras produclo ; 
ftigmate parvulo, trilobo, depreffo-patente. G, 

NARCISSUS calathinus. var. y. nob. fupra No. 934. 

NARCISSUS polyanthos flore minore ftellato toto luteo. 
Rudb. Elyf. tab. 60. fig. 7. (fig- orig. frflora). 

Obs. Corona fegmenta non funt adeo aquabiliter marginata t neque tarn 
dare definite, ac in calathino. G 

In No. 934, we have obferved that the original odorus of 
Linnveus had been negligently converted by hirnfdf, in a 
fubfequent work, into a fpecies not really diftinft from the 
calathinus of the fame. The firft was originally taken up 
^ the Amoenitates Academic*, but changed in the Species 
Mantarum, where the former fynonymy is dropped, and a figure 

of the prefent plant alone quoted. This induced us to add it 
to that fpecies as the variety y j but with a note of doubt.— 
Now that the plant itfelf is before us, its being a variety of that 
is out of the queftion : we have called it bifrons, from an 
almoft equally-proportioned refemblance to both Jonquilla and 
calathinus. From the former it borrows fcent and general ap- 
pearance of the flower, with the proportions and pofition of 
the parts of fructification; except that here the fegments of 
the corolla are lefs truly obovate or widened upwards, and the 
ftyle not fo far advanced ; the crown is longer and not rotate 
or fo widely expanded; yet fhorter than that of calathinus, 
like which it is however fix-lobed, while the lobes are not fo 
even and regular, nor fo clearly defined: but the leaves are 
entirely thofe of this laft, except perhaps that they are fome- 
what lefs acuminate, as well as not quite fo flefhy. Is it a 
mule production between thefe two fpecies ? The bulbs 
were imported about two years ago from Holland, by a 
Seedfman, in Bond-Street, under the name which we have 
adopted above for our Englifh one. Blooms in March and 
April. Has generally only two leaves, which are nearly two 
feet long, but fometimes fhorter and equal to the fcape. It 
has from four to five flowers, larger than thofe of the Jonquil, 
but lefs than thofe of cdathinus. Extremely fragrant. Seems 
to be as hardy as the others of the genus. If it has not been 
produced in the way we have gueffed, the native country is 
unknown to us. G. 

^'Z , ^^'.^../>^^ s . 

C 1187 ] 

Narcissus Bicolor. White and Yellow 
Garden Daffodil. 

Clafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N h - 924 et 925. 

Specific CharaSler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS bicolor; (uniflorus ; corona maxima^ tulo lon~ 
gior ; jlamina libera^ tequalia, tubifundo affixa ;) 
foliis loratis, e deorfum convolutis planiufcule 
explicatis, convexiufculis, obfolete ca- 
rinatis ; fcapo tereti-ancipiti, ftriato ; fpatha 
tubum aequante ; germine obovato-compreffo ; 
corolla nutante ; tubo turbinate, obfcurius 
hexagono, germen fubaequante, quam corona 
duplo breviori ; laciniis lato- f. fubrotundo- 
ovatis, acutis, rotatim explanatis, intimis an- 
guftioribus ; corona has excedente, cylindracea, 
fubplicato-ftriata, fexfida, fegmentis rotundatis, 
recurvo-patulis, finuato-lacinulatis, crifpulis ; 
ftaminibus ad mediam coronam porreclis ; ftylo 
longiore ; lobulis trinis ftigmatofis depreffo- 
patulis. G. 

N. bicolor. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 415. (each Rudb.J Reich. 2. 
18. Gouan. illuflr. 22. Linn. Fil. in Scbed. 
Bank/. Hort. Kcw. 1. 409. Brot. Fl. Luf. 1. 
549. mild. Sp. PL 2. 23. (excl. |3. et y.) 

N. pfeudo-narcijfus. var. (3. LiL a Red. p. 158. Nee /corn's. 

N. pallidas tuba aurea major. Barrel. Icfig. 930. 

N. albus calyce flavo alter. Baub. Pin. 52— f. tubo fimbriate. 

_ Rudb. Ely/. 2. tab. 70. /. 7. 

P°* NARCISSUS albus calyce luteo. Hort. Eyfi. Fern. Ord. 2. 

fol. <L.f. 4. 

P ' NARCISSUS pyrenseus hifpanico et anglico fimilis. Park 
Par. 99. 

Appears to us to differ from major (No. 51) in not having 
lifted leaves, nor oblong and oblique fegments to the corolla, 
n °r do thefe diverge fo far afunder as there, nor are the lobes 
of the crown fo deeply feparated nor fo much recurved, they 


are befidcs deeper and more narrowly cut, not repandly cf£- 
nate broad and very (hallow; the flower is alfo two-coloured, 
and not of a uniform deep yellow. From Pfcudo-Narctfushis 
feparated, by having a corolla with broad or ventricofely ovate 
and not oblong fegments as in that, by thefe being more ex- 
panded, fhorter than and not equal to the crown as there, 
the lobes of which are here clearly defined, while there they 
are fcarcely to be diftinguifhcd, owing to their own divifion 
into deeper as well as (harper fegments, which are alfo 
ftraighter and lefs patent; in Pfeudo-NarciJJus the tube is much 
more narrowly-cucullate, fcarcely one-fourth fhorter than 
crown, and three times longer than germ en ; while in bicolor 
it is broad-turbinate, about equal to the germen, and fcarcely 
half the length of the crown. Native of the South of Europe, 
particularly of the Pyrenees ; flowers in April and May, 
nearly a month after Pfeudo-Narcijfus, than which it is far- 
better fcented ; limb of corolla almoft white. Hardy. 
Known to all the older Botaniiis. G. 


No. 736. i. 8. pro " acaulis" lege " exfcapm." 

No. 923*. I. 34. pro " titutus" ]fge <« tilulum." 

No. 045. 1. i<j. pro u 14" kgc ** 4." 

No. 991. 1. 25. pro « collinet" lege »* collineat." 

No. 1025. p. 2. 1. 22. after " inconfpicuous," add comma. 

No. 1034. I. 23. pro " collbiet" lege •« colliiieat." 

, ], 12. pro " tripulvinato" lege «« pulvinato." 

No. 1045. p. 2. 1. is. after «« longer" add " than the; after »* ungues 

add comma. 
No. 1063. I. 11. pro " concreta" lege ** concretum." 

» 1. 30. dele ft ipfa." 

No. 1075. 1. 7. pro " umbellara" lege •« umbelte." 

No. 1088. 1. 14. pro i* collum" lege '• collo." 

No. 1089. p. alt. 1. 32. pro «« fupra" lege *l infra." 

L 43- pro " ALII" lege " ALLII." 

No. 113a. 1. 23. poft «» triangularis," pone femicolon. 
No. XJ43. 1. 7. prx verbo " ante" infere " umhella." 

Riward,: e£ \fctnfcm.Jfcei£. 

t-rli^< ,. '. 

C 1188 ] 

Narcissus Italicus. Pale-Flowered 

Narcissus. l 

Generic Char after, — Fid. N"- 924 et 925. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS italicus ,- (multiflorus ,• filament a fertile tola 
adnata ,■ anther<e 3 intra tubum occult<e t 3 intra 
coronam apert<e ;) foliis loratis, parum atte- 
nuatis, ex convolutis planius explicatis, ob- 
foletius carinatis - r fcapo compreflb-ancipiti, 
nervofo - ftriato ; pedicellis creHis fpatham. 

I fuperantibus ; corolla refraclo-nutante ; laciniis 

elliptico-lanceolatis, ftellato-explanatis, tubo 
angufto rotundato-anguloro fubaequalibus, in- 
terioribus paulo angullioribus ; corona ipfis 
fubquadruplo breviori, patulo-cupulari, leviter 
trifida, margine erofo-crenulato ; ftylo citra 
antheras produfto, coronam aequante. G. 

NARCISSUS papyracetts. |3. Nob. jupra No. 947. (excl. 
Roman Narc.) 

N. albo-fulphureus calyce medio aureo minori maximus fero- 
tinus. Barrel Icon. f. 960. 

N. fulpbureus major. Park. Par. 79. Italis " Narciffo fol- 

*n No. 947, we have included this plant as a variety of 
papyraceus. But fince the ftyle is here conftantly advanced 
beyond the anthers to the level of the edge of the crown, 
while in that it never furpaffes the anthers, and remains con- 
"derably below the edge of the crown; which mark alfo 
announces a confequent difference in the colour and (cent of 
'he bloom, as well as in the verdure of the foliage ; we can 
fee no reafon why they mould not be confidered as diftinft 
•pecies. The leaves in italicus are of a bright grafs-green, 
a nd not of deep blackifh green covered with a whitifh bloorn 
or hoar as in papyraceus $ the limb of the corolla is here 
hkewife of a pale brimftone and the crown of a lemon-colour, 
while there both are of a pure white. That is far lefs fragrant. 
* Wi flowers the Iateft of the two. Probably a native of Italy. 


In the parcels of Bulbs of this genus, which are annually import- 
ed from thence by the Seedfmen, we have never met with any 
others than thofe of italicus, papyracrus (No. 947) and the 
two varieties of orientalis already figured in Nos. 1011 and 
1026. Tazetta was never among them. All four being fo 
very clofely allied, and having been ufually confidered as 
mere varieties of each other, we mail recapitulate fuch marks 
as we think are fufficient to diftinguifh them by, referring to 
the figures above quoted for their difference in colour. G. 

*Fol. lorata> planiufcula : **Blam. ferme tot a adnata s anth. al- 
tera* intra, altera* extra tubum pofit*. G», 

I'azetta g fcapo tereti, glabro ; corona quam limbus fubtriplo 
breviori ; globofo-cupulata, repando-fubtrifida, mar- 
gine edentulo. G. 

papyraceus ,• fcapo comprefTo-ancipiti, nervofo-ftriato, corona 
quam limbus fubquadruplo breviori, leviter tri- 
fida, margine erofo crenulato ; ftylo antheris tantum 
aequali. G. 


italicus ; ftylo ultra antheras porrefto, coronam gequante ; 
csetera antecedenti fimilis. G. 

**Fi!. ferme Ma adnata s anth. altera* e tuho partita emicanies, 
altera* extra eum tot* exfert*. G. 

orientalis ; fcapo fubtereti, nervofo-ftriato, acie angufta utrin- 
que marginato ; corona quam limbus fubtriplo 
breviori, fubrotato-campanulata, trilobatim incifa, 
repando-dentata, rugofula. G. 


F(/war<£--- Oe/ . ^st'i/brti' ^fcu-< 

i/bttt- <_/ct*Z%> ■ 

JltlZyF 0*r&r S?fiu>.-Cry<>e*t-?. ~Sfr, £ jZ . J OJ. 

C 1189 1 

Nymph^a Versicolor. Changeable 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cor. 4-petala. Cal. 4- feu 5-phylIus. Bacca truncata, muhi- 
locularis, loculis polylpermis. 

CASTALIA. Saiifbury in Annals of Botany, v. 2. p. 71. 

Specif c Characler and Synonym. 

NYMPHiEA verf color / foliis fuborbiculatis dentato-finuatis 
puftulatis : lobis approximatis rotundatis finuatis, 
ftigmate quindecim-radiato. 

NYMPHS A diverf color. Roxb. MSS. 

This very rare plant, which we believe has never been be- 
fore figured, is readily diflinguiftied from Nymphaea Lotus % 
and from every other fpecies that we are acquainted with, 
by the lobes of the leaves being rounded, obtufe, approxi- 
mating, and finuated even to the bottom of the fiffure, as 
well as by the glandular puftules on both furfaces. 

Mr. Salisbury has, in the Annals of Botany, feparated 
the fpecies hitherto arranged under Nymphs a, into two 
diftinft genera ; leaving the original name to N. lutea, advena t 
and fagittifolia, and applying that of Castalia to N. alba, 
odorata (No. 819) carulea (No. 552) Lotus .(No. 797) Sec. 
* l is to this lait genus that our prefent plant belongs, but 
having already publifhed feveral fpecies under the name of 
Nymphs a, we think it belt ftill to continue it, efpecicilly as 
we are not yet certain how far the change will be acceptable 
t0 Botanifts in general. To us there appears to be a fuffi- 
cient generic difference between the yellow-Uowered fpecies 


of Nymphjea and tbofe named by Mr. Salisbury, Cas- 
ta li a j yet we cannot accord with this author, when he ftates 
that the former has feveral nectaries, the latter only one ; as 
this apparently marked diftinction arifes merely from his 
calling, in Nymph^ea, the parts analogous to the internal 
petals of Castalia, the nectaries ; whereas, in Castalia» 
he applies that name to the little knob in the centre of the 
cup-fhaped ftigma ; which is to fuppofe that in two plants of 
the fame natural order and clofeft affinity, an important organ 
ihall not only not bear the fmalleft refemblance in form or 
number, but have a totally different infertion ! 

.From the manufcripts of Dr. Roxburgh, which we have 
had an opportunity of examining through the kindnefs of 
Mr. Lambert, we learn that the Nymph^a verficolor is a 
native of Bengal, and that there are two varieties ; in one of 
which the flowers are perfectly white, in the other varioufly 
fhaded with pink. 

Is eafily propagated both by feeds, which it 'ripens with us, 
and by its tubers, which it produces in a manner very different 
from its allied fpecies, as we are informed by Mr. Anderson, 
the intelligent and fkilful direclor of Mr. Vere's garden, 
where our drawing was taken in July laft. According to his 
obfervations during the vigorous growth of the plant, a nu- 
merous hoft of young bulbs or tubers iffue from the parent 
flock, to which they adhere only by a flender thread. They 
are round and of very various fizes, from that of a hazel nut 
to a fmall feed, and when the leaves deray they fall off, and if 
properly treated will readily vegetate and produce as many 
young plants, many of which will bloffom the next feafon. 
The original tuber, which is of a conical fhape, though it ap- 
pears found for a length of time, does not put forth any frefti 
leaves, but gradually decays from the bafe inwards. 

In a ciftern placed on a hot-bed and covered by a two- 
lighted cucumber-frame, eight different fpecies of Water-Lily 
were to be feen in flower at the fame time. 

C 1J 9° ] 



-&-^ iNNHf *Mi #♦♦♦♦♦♦> $ 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Cbaracler, 

Cal. angularis, fimplex, quinquefidus. Cor. papilionacea. 
Stylus capillaris: Stigma fimplex, acutum. Legumen coriaceum, 
far&um, evalve, monofpermum. Smith. 

Speafic Name and Synonyms. 

VlMINARIA denndata. Smith Exotic Botany -, t. 27. Annah 
of Bot. v. 1. p. 507. Traiif. Linn. Soc. v. 9. 
p. 261. 

D AVI ESI A denudata. Vent. Cboix. /. 6. 

SOPHORA juncea. Schrad. Serf. Hannov. t. 3. 

PULTEN^EA juncea. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 506. 

The rum-like branches or, more properly fpeaking, long 
petioles of this lingular fhrub, have been miftaken both by 
Schrad er and Willd enow for the leaves, of which in 
its more advanced flages it is entirely deftitute. The pod, 
when nearly ripe, contains onl'v one feed, nor could we, in 
this date, dilcover the fmallelt rudiment of a fecond ; never- 
thelefs, upon its firft intumefcence, we could difcover two 
ovula; fo that, though constantly one-feeded, it appears tope 
fuch by abortion. The feed however entirely fills the cavity 
of the pod as defcribed by Dr. Smith. 

That what Schrader took for leaves are really petioles, is 
confirmed by their being fometimes fplit into three teeth at the 
point, which may be fuppofed to be an abortive attempt to 
produce the three nerves which go off from the infertion ot 
the footftalk. The flowering branches are frequently more 
than a foot in length without divi(ion.» 

Native of New- Holland in the neighbourhood of Po rt " 
Jackfon, and was among the earlieft importation of feeds from 
that country. Propagated by feeds, which it ripens with u*> 
and may be treated as a rather hardy greenhoufe fhrub. 

Communicated by Mr. Lod dices of Hackney. 


J/dlUrran&^tZ !>,*} Zy T $4 rSisJ* &*» &$/* ' ' 


ZV. JteljrTrO+y&r S*G—.-ttyi>~*? ^r.J. iS0 J>. T. ' S» 

[ "9* ] 

Gloxinia Maculata. Spotted-Stalked 

■^ 3fC- $$$♦♦*♦%♦♦ $*$-#•$• 

C/tz/Jr #»</ Order. 


Generic Characler. 
Cal. fuperus, 5-phyllus. Cor. campanulata limbo obliquo. 
Filament a cum rudimento quinti receptaculo inferta. Cap/. 
l-Iocularis : recept. 2, biloba, lateribus inferta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 
GLOXINIA maculata. L'Herit. Stirp. Nov. 149. Hort. 

Kew. 2. p. 33 1. Martin Mill. Dicl. IVilld. Sp. 

PI. 3. p. 229. 
MARTYNIA perennis ; caule fimplici, foliis ferratis. Sp. PL 

862. Reich. 3. 142. Medic. Bot. Beob. 1 783. p. 238. 
MARTYNIA foliis ferratis. Hort. Cliff. 322. /. 18. Mart. 

Mill. Diff. 
MARTYNIA perennis folio fubrotundo rugofo, flore caeruleo, 

radice dentariae. Ehret Pit!, t. g.f. 2. 

On account of the germen being below the calyx, Jussieu 
had obferved that this plant muft beremovedfrom Martyn i a 
and the order Bignontte to the Campanulacea, where he united 
U with Gesxeri a. L'Heriti er made a diftinct genus of it, 
which he named in honour of Benjamin Peter Gloxin, a 
German Botanift. 

But, notwithstanding the calyx is fuperior, neither this plant 
nor die genus Gesneria appear to belong to Campanulace<e ; 
and Jussieu has fince affented to the propofal of M. Richard 
to unite them, with a few other genera, into a diftinft family. 
(Vide Ann. oj Bot. v. 2. p. 2 64 J 

The ftamens of this plant are remarkable, the four anthers 
being all connected together at one extremity near the infer- 
tion of the filaments, from which point the lobes of the anthers 
diverge and form an eight-rayed liar. 

Prof. Martyn, in his valuable edition of Miller's Dic- 
tionary, has inadvertently inferted this plant a fecond time 
under the name Martyn i a perennis. 

Native of Carthagena in South-America, whence the feeds 
were fent to Europe, by Mr. Robert Millar. It was cul- 
tivated in the Chelfea Garden in 1739. Requires the conftant 
beat of the bark ftove- Is eafily propagated by its knobbed 
loots or by cuttings. Communicated by Mr. Loddices. 



In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 

, Twenty -Ninth Volume are al- 
phabetically arranged. 


1157 Agave virginica. 

1149 Allium angulofum, 
1148 ■ magicum. 

1150 fenefcens. 

1171 Amaryllis ornata. 

1 1 78 revoluta. 

1151 Anigozanthus flavida. 

1172 Antholyza aethiopica (#). 
1181 Afclepias nivea. 

j 182 ■ variegata. 

1167 Celaflrus pyracanthus. 

1175 Centaurea ochroleuca. 

1160 Clematis cylindrica. 

1176 Cytifus purpureus. 

1162 Dianthus difcolor. 
1J.59 Digitalis lanata, 
1180 Dracaena ovata. 
1170 Epacris pukhella. 
1174 Erodium hymenodes. 
1191 Gloxinia maculata. 

1 1 63 Iris fibirica ((3). 

1x73 Ixia ereda {var. lutea odorata), 
1165 Lilium concolor. 

1187 Narciffus bicolor. 
1186 bifrons. 

1188 italicus. 

1189 Nymphasa verficolor. 

I 164 Ornithogalum thyrfoides. 

1154 Pasonia Moutan. 

1177 Podalyria alba. 
1156 Pontederia Cordata. 

1161 Primula villofa \*rar. nivea). 

1183 Protea fpeciofa. 

I I 79 Sanfeviera guineenfis. 
1 185 Scilla ferotina (g). 
1153 Schotia tamarindi folia. 

1155 Smilacina borealis (a,). 

1184 Stapelia elegans. 
1169 pitta. 

1168 Trifolium canefcens. 

1152 Vaccinium craffifblium. 

1190 Viminaria denudata. 
n 66 Wachendorfia brevifolia. 

1158 Xyris operculata. 

IN D E X. 



v In which the Englilh Names of 
% the Plants contained in the 

* Twenty -Ninth Volume are al- 
v phabetically arranged. 

Q 1157 Agave, fpike-flowered. 

* 1178 Amaryllis, changeable-flowered. 



crimfon and white. 

* "75 

Anigozanthus, ruffet- green- 
Antholyza, fefler fcarlet. 
Bowftring-Hemp, African. 
Centaury, Caucafian. 
Q n 68 Clover, grey. 

* 1176 Cytifus, purple-flowered. [den„ 
Y 11B7 Daffodil, white and yellow gar- 
^1180 Dracaena, ovate-leaved. 

* 1170 Epacris, fweet-fcented. 

v 1159 Fox-Glove, woolly-fpiked . 
a 1149 Garlick, angular-fcaped 

* 1148 

i 11 5° 

A ll6 3 


Flag, white-flowered meadow. 

Gloxinia, fpotted-ftalked. 

Heron's- Bill, tern a re-leaved. 
A 1 1 73 Ixia, yellow fweet-fcented. 
nj. 1 1 65 Lily, Chinefe orange. 
4> 1154 Moutan. orChinefe Tree-Peony. 
If 1186 NarciiTus, jonquil-fcerrted. 
^1188 pale-flowered. 

l 9» 


Q 1163 Pink, two-coloured. 
ft 1 177 Podalyria, white-flowered. 
^1156 Pontederia, heart-leaved. 
^1161 Primrofe, fnowy. 

♦ 1 1 83 Protea, fplendid. 

I 1190 Kufh- Broom, leaflefs. 

Si 153 Schotia, broad-leaved. 
1155 Smilacina, oval-leaved. 
$ 1 1 85 Srjuil, pink late-flowering. 
^1167 Staff-Tree, pyracantha-leaved. 
^ i 184 Stapelia, elegant. 
Q 1169 painted. f irig» 

♦ 1 164 Star of Bethlehem,thyrfe-flower- 
vi 181 Swallow- Wort, almond-leaved. 
a 1182 . variegated. 

4> 1160 Virgin's-bower, long-flowered. 
A 1166 Wachendorfia, dingy-flowered. 

♦ 11.52 Whortle- Berry, thick-leaved. 
V 1 1 89 Water-Lily, changeable. 

X 1158 Xyris, cap-fruited. 

Printed by S, Couchinan, Throgtnorton-Street, London, 


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, arc 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Charaaers, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


Few felf-fupported flow'rs endure the wind 

Uninjur'd but expeft th* upholding aid 

Of the fmooth-fhaven prop, and, neatly tied, 

Are wedded .thus, like beauty to old age, 

For int'reft fake, the living to the dead. 

Some clothe the foil that feeds them, far diffus d 

And lowly creeping, modeft and yet fair, 

Like virtue, thriving moft where little feen : 

Some more afpiring, catch the neighbour fhrub 

With clafping tendrils, and inveft his branch, 

Elfe unadorn'd, with many a gay feftoon 

And fragrant chaplet, recompenfing well <-««*«■ 

The ftrength they borrow with the grace they lend. ww " ■• 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publilhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoftcr-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



[ "92 ] 
TrAdescantja Discolor. Purple- 
Leaved Spiderwort. 

•*4t * * -«~ *-#• *&* * -*• * ♦♦♦♦♦■ 

C/fl/i ##</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharacJer.—*Vid* No. 105. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRADESCANTIA dif color * (rbizoma caudefcens 1 herba 
perennis ; ) foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, 
canaliculato-explicatis, ftriatis, difcolori- 
bus, numerofis, fparfis, deorfum con- 
voluto - femivaginantibus, accumbenter 
confertis, furfum ere&o-divergentibus, 
fupremis fubcomofis ; fcapis quam haec 
3 — 4-plo brevioribus, pluribus, axil- 
laribus, compreflis, bafi vaginis (1 — 3) 
mernbranaceis ftipatis j involucro ter- 
minali, coriaceo-membranaceo, 2 — 3~ 
valvi, mukifloro, naviculari- campanu- 
las, ftriato, margine repando, valvis 
rhombeo-cordatis, oppofite condupli- 
catis, carinatim acuminatis ; floribus has 
fubaequantibus, fubumbellato-aggregatis, 
curvulo-pedicellatis, per brafteas folli- 
culofas pellucidas fingulas interftincUs, 
ephemeris, fucceffivis -, calyce corollas 
conformi, paulo minore, conniventer 
perftante, foliolis ovatis, concaviufculis ; 
corolla teneriore, citius emarcefcente, 
petalis rotato ■ explanatis, lato - ovatis, 
acutis ; filamentis haec aequantibus, fili- 
formibus, eredis, infra pilis creberrime 
articulatis hirfutis ; antheris comprefle 
lunato-didymis, tranfverfis, curyatura 
prona; germine ovato-globofo, trilobo- 
trigono; ftylo triquetro-fetiformi, api- 
culo depreffiufculo. G. ■ .. - .. -•- 


TRADESCANTtA difiotof. LHcrit. SerL Angl 8. /. ti. 

Hart. Kew. 1. 403. Smith Ic. Pitl. /. to, 

<S:cartz. fl. Lid. Ucc. 1. 607. Lit. a Red. 

t. 1 68. Lam. lllnjh. /. 226. /. 2. IVilld. 

•V/>. PL 2. 18. 
T, fpathacea. Swartz, Prod. 57. 

Dkscr. /?oo/ fibrous; root/lock lengthened upwards into a 
fhort caudex ; leaves from fix inches to a foot long, green on 
the upper, crimfon-coloured on the under furface, older ones 
more. flatly expanded than the younger, upper forming a ftcrile 
coma; Jheaths on the bafe of the /capes or peduncles 1—3, 
convolute conduplicate, of the fame fubftance, and nearly of 
the fame fhape as the valves of the involucre, but elongated 
and fomewhaf narrowed downwards, while thole are broader 
than they are long at the bafe, opaquely membranous, nerved- 
ftriate, often tinged with purplifh red ; receptacle of the in- 
florefcence a Ipongy tranfverfely enlarged, crifta<ely compreffed 
knob at the end of the fcape ; inflorescence of a circumference 
fimilar to that of the involucre, which it fills up; pedicles one- 
Howered, filiform, thickened towards their fummit, about the 
length of the involucre, each fheathed by a tranfparent>///«fAW 
brafte, in which it has been at firlt enveloped, gradually 
erected from an involute polition, to which it reverts 
partially when the corolla decays; calyx of the fame form and 
expanfion as the corolla, leaflets membranous, of a watery 
femitranfparent white colour, fometimes tinged with red; 
petals alternating with thefe, rather larger, opaquely white, 
far tenderer and more fucculcnt ; hairs on the Jlamens minutely 
and clofely jointed in the manner of the antenna: of fmall 
infects ; loculaments of the anthers faffron- coloured, linear-oblong, 
placed oppofite to each other along the edge of the femicircularly 
lamellate receptacle, the chord of which is uppermoft ; fifi'd 
about even with thefe ; lobes of the gcrmen angularly com- 
preffed, with a depreffed ftrcak along the edge \ ftyU rather 
longer than germen. The fruit we did not obtain ; but it has 
been minutely defcribed by others. We did not perceive any 
Iccnt in any part of the plant. 

Brought from the countries bordering the Gulf of Mexico 
to Jamaica ; whence it has been imported into this country. 
Requires to fre kept in the ftove. Propagates abundantly both 
by offsets and feed. Of eafy culture. Our drawing was 
made from a plant that bloomed laft February in Mr. Vere's 
noihoufc at Kenfington-Gore. G. 

Ai $r T 0».tv J*a^ &fenS. 

■ttiyl HOQ 

C "93 ] 

Watsonia Roseo-Alba (£.) Variegated 
Long-Tubed Watsonia. 

% $ 4h£ £ &• # £♦# *•♦ $ * $ # % 

Cfaft and Order. 


Generic Character. — Fid, No. 1072* 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA rofeo-alba; ( miiltiflorj; Jfamina adfcendenUa < 
anther* collaterals, parallel* ;) foliis paucis, 
anguitius lorato-enfatis, {triads, caule fimplice 
brcvioribus, (utplurimum torliufculis ;) fpica 
difticha, fubimbricatim denfata ; fpathae val- 
vulis tubo fubduplo brevioribus, extima ven- 
tricofo-convoluta ; corolla hypocrateriformi 
fubrectangulerefrafta; limbo regulari, ftelfcato- 
explanato ; tubo ere£to deorfum cucullate 
angultato, ftriato, in faucem horizontalem 
rectam explicate- cylindraceam fibi fubduplo 
breviorem ampliato ; Iaciniis sequalibus, ob- 
longiufculis, acutis, faucem aequartfibus ; an- 
theris imo limbo aftantibus ; fiigmatibus has 
excedentibus. G. 

WATSONIA rofeo-alba. Supra No. 537. 

GLADIOLUS rofco-albus. J acq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 7. /. 13. 
Fab I. Enstm. 2. 93. 

(*) corolla ex rofeo alba ; Iaciniis acuminatis. G. 

(pj cadem liiuris rubris variegata. G. 

M liac uniformiter faturate rofea ; Iaciniis rotundato obtufis 
cum brevi acumine. G. 

We refer for further account of the fpecies to No. 537 of 
this work. For the prefent variety we are indebted to Mr. 
Woodford, with whom it bloomed, fome years fmce; as did 
variety (y). Flowers 6 — 14; ftem fimple ; no part of the 
plant has any fcent. Native of the Cape of Good I lope. G. 

I "94 ] 
Watsonia Meriana^.) Largest Merian's 
Watsonia, or Scarlet Tuberose, 

■M # * * •* 4MhMhN( ** *Mh| ♦ 

Glafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler.—Vid. No. 107a. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

WATSONIA Meriana', ( 'pluriflora ; flamina afcendentia ; an- 
thcra collaterals, parallel* j) foliispaucis (4—5) 
lanceolato-loratis, caule fubramofo brevioribas ; 
fpica remotiufcula, fubdifticha ; fpathae valvis, 
ovato-acuminatis, tubo brevioribus, intima 
quam extima circiter trientem longiore ; corolla 
fubhypocrateriformi, alcendeme, fubgeniculato- 
recurvula ; limbo fubbilabiato-rotato ; tubo 
ere£to, deorfum flriato, in faucem cucullato- 
cylindraceam obtufe hexagonam compreffiuf- 
<;ulam dorfo anguftiorem curvulam fibi aequalem 
dilatato ; laciniis f'auce brevioribiiSj, obovato- 
oblongis, obtufis cum acumine, fubaequalibus, 
fuprema antrorfum inclinata, infima propendule 
deflexa; aniheris citra limbi medium promi- 

^ nulis ; ftigmatibus longioribus. G. 

WATSONIA Meriana, Nobis in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. 230. 

. Supra No. 1072, in Spec. Synth. 

WATSONIA. Mill. Dicl. ed. 7. Ic. tab. 276. 

GLADIOLUS Merianus. Tbunb. Glad. n. 12. Prod. 7. Jacq. 
Coll. 4. 150. Je. Rar. 2. 230. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 
214. Lil. a Red. Vahl Enum. 2. 94, 

A . (excl, pajfim var. (3 .) 

ANTHOLYZA Meriana. Linn. Syji. Veg.W. Hort.Kew.i. 

. 67. Curt.fupra No. 418. 

MERIANA flore rubello. Trew. Ebret. lab, 40. 

(*) corolla cerafino-rubens. G. 

((3) eadem 

((3) eadem inaequabiliter coccinea. G. 

{y) ifta tota atque uniformiter faturate coccinea ; major. G. 

This fplendid variety of Meriana was imported fome years 
ago, by Mr. Wykes, from Holland. The fpecies is native 
of the Cape ; but this variety has been mod probably obtained 
by the induftry of the Dutch gardeners. We have never 
feen it in any herbarium, or importation of Cape Bulbs. 

Flowers 5 — 8 ; about two inches and a half long ; without 
any fcent j Item from a foot to two feet or more high. G. 

M*rT&~*,^*„„ o^r^^ ^.yzj, VJ 

S+r^i,- JM J 

C "95 3 

Watsonia Humilis(3.) Larger Lake- 
Coloured Watsonia. 

C/<//} ^«i/ Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — F/i. Afo. J 072. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA burnt It s ; fpauci-(4 — s)-fiora ; flamina afcenden- 
tia i anthers collaterales, parallels •) foliis 
paucis, lorato enfatis, ftri£tiufculis, nervofo- 
ftriatis, (foli to tortiuf cults) caule fubramofo 
brevioribus ; fpica remota, fubdifticba ; ex- 
tima fpathge valvula lanceolato-convoluta, ca- 
rinato-acuminata, tubum exaequante ; corolla 
recurvato - fubhypocrateriformi, afcendente ; 
tubo ereclo in faucem cxplicato-cylindraceam 
curvulam fibi ifometram ampliato ; limbo 
nutante, aequali, fubirregulari, concavius ro- 
tato, faucem aequame ; laciniis fubobovato- 
oblongis cum brevi acumine, lateralibus 4 
verfus fummam mediam obliquantibus, ima 
latius fejun&a, dependula ; antheris ad medium 

-^ circiter attingentibus limbum. G. 

WATSONIA bumilis. Fid. fupra No. 631 ; ubi in otlava 
tinea, pro " laccatus" pone u burnt! is." It idem 
in Synonymia adjice " Gladiolus laccatus* 

. . Vahl Enum. 2. 94. n. 33." 

{« J corolla minor, immaculata ; ftigmata ultra antheras pro- 
ftamia. G. 

IPJ I corolla major, limbi bafi maculis fex atrofanguineis pi&a ; 
"Jgmata nee citra antheras prominula. G, 

*or an account of the fpecies, fee above, No. 631, where, 
°^ever, in defcribing the limb of the corolla, we have called 


it regular; while, in fa£f, it is fomewhat irregular, having the 
four lateral fegments flightly converging towards the upper 
central one, leaving the lower central one feparated from the 
immediate lateral pair by larger intervals. 

The prefent variety, befide^s the colour and fpots of the 
corolla, differs from («) in having the ftigmas not advanced 
beyond the anthers, which are alfo flightly divergent 
and not exaBly parallel as there. But thefe are differences 
which, experience has fhewn us, are not to be ib fafely relied 
on for fpecific feparation in this tribe as in fome others. 

If the beauty of the three plants we have here offered to 
the public, fhould not be thought a fufBcient excufe for giving 
more than one variety of a fpecies; we might add that, in our 
opinion, the acquaintance with the remarkable modes of fpecific 
variation, is as efiential to a complete knowledge of vegetables 
as any other part of their hiliory. 

Our drawing was taken from a fpecimen in Mr. Wood- 
ford's collection. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Flowers in principal fpike 4 — 5 j nearly three inches long j 
fcentlefs. G, 

J**i ivT C»rlts S*Gm Cf 

> £** cr,r cmt ^^ JSgs> 

C »96 ] 

Arnica Bellidiastrum. Daisy-Leaved 

» » ♦ » » »■» |i &Mfrk 4 1 ft fr 4hM> 

Gfc/f <z»i Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Char after. 

^ Recept. midam. Pappus fimplex. Cal. foliolis cequalibus. 
CorolluU radii feepius filamentis 5 abfque antheris. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARNICA Bellidiafirum ; fcapo unifloro nudo, foliis petiolatis 

obovatis repandis. fVilld.Sp. PL 3. 2109. 
ARNICA Bellidiafirum. Villars Delph. 3. />. 212. 
ARNICA caule nudo unifloro, foliis ovato-lanceolatis. Hall. 

Helv. n. 92. 
^uROMICUM Bellidiajlrtim ; fcapo nudo fimplicidimo uni- 
floro. Sp. PL 1247. AV/V#. 3. 836. Jacq. Auflr. 
t. 400. /?o/i». Germ, 1. 358. Krock. Silef. n. 1422. 
Dq/: ^//. 2. 278. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 3. 
Rrr ^ Bellidiaftrum. Scop. Cam. 1074. /fo//, G/>#/?. 174. 

^LLIDIASTRUM alpinum, foliis brevioribus hirfutis caule 
R palmari, flore albo. Mich. Gen. p. 32. /. 29. 

Rft ^ fylveftris media caule carens. Bauh. Pin. 261. 
^LLIS media. Chi/. Hiji. 2. p. 44. Cam. Epit. 654. Cam. 
j. /frr£. 312. C. Tabern. 708. 

RPi LIS m ' a J or fylveftris. /.*£. 7r. 476. y&fo. 252. 
Bi ^LLlS fylveftris. IW0//. iV»/>/. 265. quoad iconem tantum. 

This plant To nearly refembles the common Daify in every 
part, except that the feeds are crowned with a feffile pappus, 
that tn e oider Botanifts unanimoufly referred it to the lame 
pnus. Linnaeus joined it with his Doronicum ; Scopoli 
plowing Haller, in his Opufcula, made it an Aster. The 
^Uer author, in his great work on the plants of Switzerland^ 


and Villars more recently, have referred it to ArMica, m 
which they have been followed by Willdenow in his new 
edition of the Species Plantarum. 

In our opinion, the extreme affinity in habit between this 
plant and Bel lis, makes it a queftion whether the feeds being 
crowned with a pappus be alone fufficient to disjoin it from 
this genus. And if it could not be united with, we 
fhould have been inclined to have followed Micheli in 
making a diftinct genus of it, or to have added it to Aster, 
rather than to either Doronicum or to Arnica, with the 
fpecies of neither of which does it kindiy alfociatc. 

A hardy perennial. Native cf the Alpine regions of Swit- 
zerland, Italy, Auflria, and Carniola. Propagated by parting 
its roots, and requires a fhady moift fituation. Flowers in the 
fpring. Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 




[ "97 ] 

Aucuba Japonica. Japan Aucuba. 

-% $ & % ♦ ♦ #♦#♦ -*- «M* # * * # 

C7<//} a«i Order. 
Moxcecia Tetrandria. 

Generic CharaSfcr. 

Masc. Cv/. 4-dentatus. Cor. 4-petala. Recept. foramine 
quadrato pertufum. Fem. Necl.o. Germen inferum. Nux. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AUCUBA japonica. Tbanb. Japon. 64. t. 12, 13. K<empf. 
Am*n. nnc. Ic Selett. t. 6. tlort. Kew. 
3. 335. Martyn Mill. O$0. Willd. Sp. 
PI. <l\ 4. p. 328. 

The Aucuba, of which one fpecies only is known to us, 
grows into a large tree, and is very much cultivated in Japan 
for the beauty of its foliage; for ive do not know that it rs 
applied to any ufe. We are informed by Thunberg, that it 
varies with leaves of a plain brownifh green colour, and of a 
lively green variegated with white. We have not obferved 
the firlt variety in our gardens, but the blotches are more or 
4 €is inclined to yellow. , 

It flowers with us from May to July, but does not produce 
f ruit. This, according to K,empfer, is an olive Shaped berry 
(more properly a drupe) with thin fweetifh -tailed Hem, en- 
clofing a nut with a very naufeous kernel. 

This fhrub was for fome years preferved in the (love whence 
" was removed to the greenhoufe or confervatory, and is now 
found to be as hardy as the Laurel or Lauruihnus. It 11 
however handfomer in the greenhoufe, as the leaves genera ly 
"ave a larger proportion of green than when expofed to the 
cold of our winters. Though introduced no longer ago than 
1783, by Mr. John Graeffkk, it is now become very com- 
mon, being eafily propagated by cuttings or layers, and r 
quiring no peculiarity of management or foil. 

%w\J8 r -i 

[ U98 ] 

Glycine Apios. Tuberous-Rooted 


»» $ » f » » » » $ » $$$$$ 

CJafs and Order. 


Generic Char a tier. 
Calyx 2-labiatus. Corolla carina apice vexillum refle&ens. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GLYCINE Apios ; foliis impari-pinnatis : foliolis ovato- 
lanceolatis glabris feptenatis, racemis ovatis pe- 
dunculatis, leguminibus bilocularibus. 

GLYCINE Apios. Sp. PI. 1025. Syji. Veg. 660. Reich. 3. 
455. Sp. PL 3. 1066. Hort.Kew.%. 35. Martyn 
Mill. Dift. n. 9. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 63. 

GLYCINE raclice tuberoia. Hort. Cliff. 365. Gron. Virg. 

Ap 107 "* 

APIOS americana. Corn. Canad. 200. Stiffer Bot. 29. Rati 

ASTRAGALUS perennis fpicatus americanus, fcandens cau- 
libus, radice tuberofa. Mori/. Hiji. 2. p. 102. f. 2* 

V ; • ■ '• 9-/. I- 

^rgmian Earth-Nuts. Park. Theat. 1062. /. 9. 

Glycine, as it now flands, certainly contains an aflemblage 
°f feveral diftinB genera; but as a partial reform is apt to in- 
creafe the confufion, we leave this as we found it, though a 
Ve 7 doubtful fpecies from the time of Linn^us himfelf. 

Js confidered as a hardy perennial, but it mould be re- 
membered that, being a native of the fbuthern ftates of North- 
America, Carolina, and Virginia, it is liable to be deftroyed 
b Y our winters, unlefs the roots are protected from the froft by 
a covering of tan or mulch, as recommended by Miller, who 
obferves, that when planted againft a fouthern wall, and pro- 
perly fupported, it will rife ten feet high, and flower abundantly 
J n 1 Auguft and September. Is propagated by its tuberous roots, 
*hicb are fweet and edible. Drawn at Mr. Salisbury's Bo> 
Unic Garden, Brompton. 


^Jwanls DeZ. 

Ai. trTZUturJiC^ & 


JF*/a*t/b*" ■ 

[ "99 3 
Epacris Pungens (var.) Rubra. Red- 
Flowered Pungent Epacris. 

(7/^/Jr and Or Jen 

Pentandria Monogynja. 

Generic CbaracJer. 

Calyx duplex : externus imbricatus. Germen cin£tum fqua- 
mulis 5. Cap/. 5-locularis, 5-valvis : valvulis medio leptiferis. 
Sem. plurima. 

Specific Chracler and Synonyms. 

EPACRIS pungens ; foliis cordatis pungenter acuminatis pa- 
tentibus, floribus axillaribus folitariis fubfecundis, 
foiiolis calycis conniventibus, corolla hypocra. 
teriformi, itylo hirfuto. 

*• corollis niveis. 

^lACRIS pungens. Cavort, Ic. v. 4. p. 26. t. 346. nee vero 
Bot. Mag. No. 844. quae fpecies eft diverfa, non- 
dum alibi defcripta. 

p. corollis rubris. 

Desc. Alow fhrub : tranches rounded, clothed with a 
cloie white wool. Inflorefcence in a fpike of feveral inches 
towards the extremity of the branch : flowers looking chiefly 
oneway, axillary, folitary, feilile. Leaves imbricated, feffile, 
cordate, acuminate, pungent, fmooth, moreorlefs three-nerved, 
very patent but fcarcely recurved, crowded and reddi/h coloured 
at the extremities of the branches. Calyx pointed : internal 
leaflets 5, coloured, equal, the length of the tube of the co- 
rolla, external ones imbricated, fhorter, all of them embracing 
the tube of the corolla tightly. Corolla of a bright red colour : 
tube cylindrical, limb patent, divided into five lacinia?, rotate, 
obtufe, frequently terminated with a thread-like mucro, un- 
dulated : faux clofed. Stamens five, included : filaments very 
«ne, frequently adhering to the tube, but to be traced down 
to the receptacle, where they are inferted below the germen, 
and frequently adhering fo flightly, that upon drawing the tube 
°nt of the calyx fome of the ftamens will remain attached to 
&e receptacle : anthers oblong, erectly-incumbent, purplifh. t 
Germen fuperior, fubglobofe, marked by five grooves at the 


upper part. Style erect, hairy, fcarcely protruded beyond the 
tube of the flower : fiigma fimple, truncate. Nectary five fcales 
or barren filaments inferted below the germen, alternating with 
the real filament?, ereB, rather longer than the germen. The 
flowers have a fweet but difagreeable (cent. 

This is a fpecies diftinct from and not a variety of the 
Epacris figured at No. 144 of this work, and which we fup- 
pofed to be the pungens of Cavanilles ; not having at that 
time any idea of the number of fpecies that this genus has been 
fince found to contain, the plant from which that drawing was 
taken being the firft: Epacris which flowered in this country. 
Moll or all of the fpecimens which we have feen, of the fpecies 
now figured, have white flowers, but in no other refpeft can 
we trace any difference ; fo that we can but confider this as a 
variety of the E. pungens of Cavanilles. It differs however 
in many very material points from that miftakenly fo called by 
us. In the latter the corolla is more funnel-fhaped, its tube 
inflated in the middle, the lacinise narrower, (harper, and lei's 
patent, the faux more open, admitting the ftamens to appear 
in fight; the leaflets of the calyx are more lax and do not 
embrace the tube of the corolla fo tightly j the leaves are 
rather pointed than acuminate, and more recurved ; the fcales 
of the neBary are much (horter ; the ftyle naked ; the ftigma 
capitate \ and the filaments connate with the tube, yet they 
may be traced if examined with a lens oppofite the light. 

This circumftance of the real infertion of the filaments below 
the germen, fo evident in the prefent fpecies, ftrengthens very 
much the affinity of this genus with the Eric./£. 

This beautiful Epacris is one of the moft defirablc that we 
have feen, the branches being more ere6l and lefs ftragghng 
than in either Epacris grandiflora or puicbel/a, though the 
flowers are much fmaller than in the former, and not fo agree- 
ably fcented as in the latter. Communicated by Mr. Lod- 
diges, with whom it firft flowered in the fpring of 1808, and 
who alfo poffeffes the white-flowered variety. 

May be increafed by layers ; requires to be protected from 
frofts ; flowers in March and April. 


No. 844. 1. j. pro " PuKeiK*" lege " Purturascens.'* 
10. pro H futtgms" lege " purf>urafceti$." 

13. dele m Epacru /«»£#*/," &c. et adde " Efacris/*^*^./^'' 
Banlf. Herb, Fide Ne. 1199." 


-&*$ ,/"*&.. 

J r ., r af^<" n 

[ 1200 ] 

Gagea Lutea. Yellow Gagea. 
•& $•$• & 4Hft $jj $+ $ ft» ♦.♦ ♦ $ * % 

C/tf/j ##</ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. nuda, fubcalycina, integrius perfiftens, infera, hex- 
apetala, regularis, fubaequalis, e deorfum breviter convergente 
recurvatim patens, laciniis oblongiufculis. Fil. ab iftis penitus 
difcreta, thalamea, germen a ball ftipantia, compreffo-fubulata, 
ere&o-divergentia, fubaequalia. Anlh. a bafi infixae, verticales. 
Germ, triangulare. Stylus & vertice aperte obtufato fimbriatulo 
deorfum gracilefcens, triqueter, germine longior. G, 

Obs. Radix bulbus ovatut, funicafus, modo membrana veflltus, modo 
flexubus involutus fibrofo-textilibus ulterius vaginaniibus ; modo Jimpliciffi- 
musy tnodove rhlxomati grandiori fibrls creberrimis implexis crlnito infidens ; 
folia canaUculato-liguhta ; caulis centralis; inflor. thyrfoideo-umbellaia 
pediceliis in idempunftum coeuntlbus, gradatim brevlorlbus alque bafi per folia 
difparia vertlcillatlm clnclis ; vet modo tkyrjoideo-racemoja pediceliis fmgulis 
fingulls adjidentibus folils. Differ! Ornithogalo per caulem polyphyllum 
loco nudifcapl, per corollam Jubberbaceam tenaclorem in petala prorfus difcre- 
*?« pojl anthefm minime deformatam, perjlylum ratlone germinis longlorem 
Jubclavatum, vertice hlulcum nee capltellatlm protuberant em aut trttobum. 
Fruclum non vldi. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GAGEA lutea; (bulbus fimpUciffimus tegmine memlranacco ;) 
folio radicali folitario (rarius 2) e canaiiculato-con- 
duplicato lorato-expiicato, quam caulis longiore, 
recurvatim laxato, fubcaudatim cufpidato, fubtus 
nervofe ftriato; caulinis (2-7) brevioribus, difparibus 
uno maximo, ciiiatis, umbellam thyrfoidee inaequalem 
laxam plurifloram cingentibus ; caule e compreffb 
furfum triquetro (rarius uniramofo ,) corollas petalis 
externis latioribus, acutulis, internis obtululis, 
in unguiculum brevem ftria meihfera mfcriptum 
attenuatisj filamentis quam ifta triente brevioribus, 
a bafi complanata fubulato-attenuatis ; germine ob- 
conice triangulari, quam ftylus breviore. G. 


GAGEA fafcitularis. Salijbury in Ann. of Bat. 2. 555. -» 

bracleolaris. Id. L c. 556. 
ORNITHOGALUM fylvaticum. Ptrfoon in Ujleri. Ann. 
Jiuck. 11. p. 7. /. \. f. 1. pratenfe. Id. I.e. p. 9. 

t.i.f. 1. 
O. luteum. Lin. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 439. VI. dan. t. 378. Hort. 

Kew. X. 440. Leers, fl. Herb. 85. n. 253. Smith, ft. 

Brit. 1. 362. Eng. Bat. t. 21. Schmidt, ji. bohem. n. 

337. Lam. et Decand. fl. franc. 3. 214. iVdU. tip* 

PL 2. 113. 
PHALANGIUM radice bulbofa, Sec. Hall hel-v. n. 1213. 
O. pallidum majus. Rudb. elys. t. 132. /. utcum. Id. I. c. 

J 1 1. Park. Par. 140. T. 137./. 7. 
O. pallido flore. Otis. H/Ji. 2. 188. 
PYRROCHITON Renealm. fpec. 91. /. 90. 
BULBUS fylveftris. Bubs. Hift. PL 169. cum Ic. 

Bulb about the fize of a filbert ; leaves, efpecially the root- 
one, when elofely infpecied, will be found to be thickly beiet 
with fmall prominent white points, communicating a whitilh 
filvery hue ; the larger of the Item-ones generally reaching 
much beyond the inflorefcence ; Jiem from 5 to 9 inches high ; 
pedicles triquetral, hairy upwards, one-flowered, varying from 
one to two inches in length, but in regular gradation, as if 
belonging to a thyrf'e, the rachis of which had been taken 
away ; corolla inwards yellow, outwards green, the yellow 
colour changing at ialt into a filvery white ; petals keeled, 
and may be entirely (tripped off without deranging the 
itamens ; anthers elliptic-oblong ; fiyle fhoi ler than corolla. 
Blooms in March. Scentlefs. Native of England, as well as 
many other parts of Europe. According to Linnaus, the 
bulbs, in times of fcarcity, have been tiled by the Swedes as 
food. Our fpecimen was communicated to us by Meffirs. 
Lee and Kennedy, of Hammerfmith. G. 


fitrtm J f^Of 

jfSati/""" ** 

C 1201 ] 

Damasonium Indicum. East-Indian . 

■# '-■% $ #■$ •siMfe'fr $ <E frfrfr frfr # #£ 

CAz/> <2//c/ Order. 

^ Ab Hexandria Hexagynia ad Polyandriam Polygyniam vel ct 
in eadtm fpecie ludens. 

Generic Cb a racier. 

Involucrum /rutins herbaceo-membranaceum, monophylium, 
oblongo-vaginale, molendinaceum laminis (5?] femieilipttcis 
verticalibus inasqualiter? alatum, germen totum inveftiens, ore 
bi?-fido pervium. Cat. fuperus, fubcorollaceus, triphyllus. Cor. 
jfto peramplior, aequalis, tripetala, petalis a latiore lamina 
inverfe anguftafi?, pateritibtis. Germ cohimnare, hexangulofe 
oblongum. StyU graciles, corolla breviores, furcilla ftigmatofa 
bicruri terminati. Ft I. gracilia, erecla, his breviora, fummo 
germini impofita. Anth. ereclae, lineari-oblongae, a bafi infixae. 
Cap/, coriacea, ovato-pyramidata, verticaliter fextorofa, in- 
complete fexlocularis, fexvalvis, medio vacua ; d'ffepimenta 
Quplicata ex introHexis valvarum lateribus marginem verfus ab 
mvicem connexis nee ad centrum ventrale produftis formata. 
Sem. numerofa, biferialia, oblongiufcula, angufta, parva, hori- 
zontalia, utraeque diffepimentorum margini internas affixa. G. 

Ues. Herbte aquattut, perennesp Radix e rhizomate cra/Jiore carno/a 
pbroja ; folia plurima, radicaiia, petiolata petiolis a deorfum membranaceo- 
tuatatis convoluto-compaclis ambienter vaginantibus /ur/um triquetro-angu/' 

a /is canaliculatis divergentibus, in laminas aqua baud innat antes abeun~ 
I'ous; fcapj plureSy i/lis ititermixti, radicales, uniflori, anguh/i, altiores, 
nu <*i- Calycis folio/a ordine proxime externa petalis alternant/a. Cor. 

"ura fugax. Germ, in fumma areola ambitu excrefcentiis Jive paxillis 
J er »s brevibus carno/ts fubobconice prominulis, atque una ferie proxime extra 
Jtamina alternatim conjiitutis con/it urn: annejiamimtm effatorum riidimenta? 
yapf. a ventre inflatiore farjum in collum atienuata, quafi craJJ'e ro/lrata, 
J u g>s /ex rotundatis Jenjim decrefcentibus a canaliculus totidem interceptis 
'xarata. Stratioti genus quam maxime a/fine. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
DAMASONIUM indicum; foliorum laminis late ovatis, 
nervofo-coftatis, venofis, ora finuato-repan- 
dis,- imis petiolorum lateribus membranaceis 
fenfim decrefcentibus, ferratis ; involucri 
alis flexuofo-undulatis ; corollae petalis 10- 
tundo-obovatis-, undulato-ftriatis, calyce du- 
plo longioribus. G. 


DAMASONIUM indicum. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 276. (exclufo 
Forfk ) corom. 2. 45. /. 185. 

STRATIOTES alifmoides. Lin. fl. zeyl. 223. Sp. PI. Yd. 2. 
1. 754. Mant. ^Qfr'SyJl. Veg. Murr. ed. 
14. 506. 

OTTEL-AMBEL. Rheed. Hort. malab. 11. 95. /. 46. 

NEER VENEKY. Telingaris. 

As we could only procure a very imperfect fragment of this 
rare plant for infpe&ion, we have trufted for much of the above 
defcription, to a well preferved fpecimen in the Bankfian 
Herbarium from Tranquebar, as well as to the defcription and 
figures of Rheede and Roxburgh. The laminae of the leaves 
are from three to fix inches each way ; and are faid to be very 
brittle, like thofe of englifh water-Aloe. We fufpecl that Dr. 
Roxburgh is miftaken in calling it an annual plant. The 
corolla is entirely white. The root-Hock and fibres of a reddilh 
yellow hue. A native of various parts of the Eaft- Indies, 
growing in ponds and rivers. Sir Joseph Banks has different 
fpecies brought from China by Sir G. Staunton ; and 
Mr. N.Brown has one or two others found by himfelf on the 
ifland of Timor. Requires to be cultivated in a ciftern or 
pan of water placed in the Hove. Our drawing was made at 
Mr. Woodford's. G. 


[ 1202 ] 

f »Mfrf »»»♦»»♦** ♦ »♦»* 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 717. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TULIPA Jyhefiris ; (bulbus prolan lateraliter evolvens j) foliis 
3 — 4» ovato-lanceolatis, glabris ; caule giabro, 
unifloro (nunc floribus 2— -4 e pedunculis totidem bqfi 
fafciculatim connexis luxuriante ;) corolla de ante 
anthefin nutante arrefta, oblongius campinulata ; 
laciniis (fape oclanis) ovato-lanceolatis, apice pu- 
berulis ; extimis fubduplo anguftioribus, fuperne 
recurvatis ; intimis concavioribus, bafin verfus utrin- 
que ciliatis ; filamentis juxtim fupra bafin denfifiimo 
villorum flocculo barbatis, alternis longioribus pif- 
tillo fubifometris ; germine prifmatico, quam corolla 
ter circiter breviore, vertice ob fummos valvarum 
angulos in apiculos lligmatofos introrfum villofulos 
horizontaliter divergentes continuatos obfolete tri- 
corni. G. 
TULIPA fylvejlris. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 438. Flor. Dan. 
/♦ 375. Gouan. lllufir. 25. Hort. Kew. 1. 435. 
Leers. Fl. Herb. 87. «. 259. Smith Fl. Brit. 1. 
361. Eng. Bot. t. 63. Desf. FL Atl. 1. 294. Lil. 
a Red. t. 165. Lam. et Dec. Fl. Franc. 3. 199. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 96. 
T. tranjlagana. Brotero FL Luf. 1. 519 f 
T. turcica. Roth. Catalecl. 1. 45- 

T « Hall. Helv. n. 1236. — lutea bononienfis. J. Bauh. Hijl. 2. 
678.—bolonienfis fl. luteo. Park. Par. 51. t. 52. 
/. 2.— minor lutea gallica. Rudb. Ely/, t. no./. V. 
— apenninea. Cluf. Hijl. 150, 151. 

The above charaBer will, we think, fufficiently diflinguifh 
this fpecies from its congeners. The ftem varies from eight 
In ches to near two feet, leaves and flower varying in pro- 
Portion. Herb glaucous, fometimes tinged with a browni/h 


red colour. Corolla deep yellow, outer fegments externally 
fuffufed with green. Native of the fouthern parts of Europe ; 
and, as it is faid, of Great-Britain. Haller doubts its being 
fpontaneous in Switzerland, although very common there. 
Blooms in April ; flightly fragrant. 

At the time we were treating of the Garden Tulip (T.gef- 
neriana. No. 1 1 35«)> we nac ^ never ^ een or even heard of the 
exiftence of a fpontaneous individual of that fpecies in tbe pof- 
feffion of any one; nor had we fatisfaQorily afcertaincd 8tty 
one fpontaneous fource of that plant. Since then we have been 
gratified by the infpection of the Herbarium of the Chevalier 
Pallas, a portion of the fruits of extenfive travels and years 
of unwearied induftry in the various purfuits of natural hiftory, 
now, fortunately for the Englifh Botanift, the property of 
Mr. A. B. Lambert. It was here, we for the fir ft time 
faw the wild brethren of this popular denizen of the 
gardens ; they were taken from their native defert on tbe 
border of the Cafpian-Sea; a fpot which precludes all doubt 
as to aboriginal exiftence. 1 he fpecimens have been pre- 
pared with extraordinary {kill, and are in perfect preserva- 
tion. They differ in no other point than fize and fharpnefs of 
the petals of the corolla from the garden plant ; are equally 
inconftant as to colour ; three- leaved and fcarcely ihrec- 
quarters of a foot high. Here we alfo found in abundance 
Tulip a ccJfiana. No. 1135, page 2. (previoufly given as 
the breyniana in No. 71 7); a native of the Banks of ihc 
Wolga: likewife the "Cloth of Gold Crocus" (Jufu 
No. 652) : with the " Scotch Crocus" (biforus. No- 845) ■ w 
well as Crocus ferotinus of the " Paradifus Londinenfis, 
/. 30 \" which laft three are natives of the Crimea. T. reffiaM 
differs from biflora, in never having lefs than three leaves and 
feldom more than one flower, as well as in colour of the corolla, 
and form of the ftigmas and capfulc ; both differ from fjlveflrih 
in producing their offsets perpendicularly from the bulb, 
fometimes forming a chain of leveral link's, and not merely 
from the fide as that does ; there arc befides other points of 
diftinaion. G. 

■"LrrT - jj-Hr 


TULIPA celfiana. No. 1135. T.fyhejris v. campefifis. Herh. 

CROCUS bifiorus. No. 845. C vermis. Herb. Pali 

1 fujlanus. No. 652. C. flaws. Herb. Palh 

Serotinus. Par. Lotid. t. 30. C autumnalis campep**- 

Herb. Palh 

JvarJi- £»l 


tyTc^riij. j\ 

fa*«/ /90Q. J 7 J(»tfe»* S* 

[ !203 ] 

Allium Chanle-Moly. Bastard Garlic. 

' #§-$-$ % Hfr* ♦# $ ■%- *■* *M* *"*■ 

C/tj/J aw*/ Order. 


Generic Character. — Fid. No. 869. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM Cham<e-Moly ,• (bulbus ova/us, in individuis fpon* 
taneis maiurioribus indufio infpeciem putaminis teftus;) 
foliis paucis (3 — 4), bifariam recumbentibus, gra- 
mineis, angufte loratis, acuminatis, canaliculato- 
explicatis, margine ciliatis, deorfum cucullato- 
convolutis, fcapum longc breviorem fubterraneum 
vaginantibus ; fpatha fubaequivalvi, quam umbella 
breviore; umbella pluri- (4-1 o-j flora, laxiufcula, 
pedicellis flori fubifometris ; corolla aequali, fub- 
turbinatim cxpanfa, laciniis ovali-oblongis, acutulis, 
fifjil ad bafin ufque intercepts, extus nervo medio 
carinatis ; filamentis quam hasc tertia parte bre- 
vioribus, aequalibus, femiadnatis, ligulato-fubulatis; 
antheris ovatis ; germine deprefTo globofo, exfulco; 
ftylo fubulato, apiculo leviffime trifido. G. 

ALLIUM Cbamd-Moly. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. i. 433- Cavan. 
Ic. 3. 4. t. 207. /. 1. Desfont. FL All. 1. 288. 
Lam. ct Dec. FL Ft. 3. 224. Bo/. Rep. /. 377. 

mud. sp. pl 2. 83. . 

MOLY humile foliis hirfutis. Rudb. Ely/. U 166. f. xvi. 

M- humile folio gramineo. Id. L c. f. xv. 

CHAM^-Moly an Moly Diofcoridis. Colum. Ecphr. 325. /. 

SATURN?!.* Mara/ii Dif. de Rom. et Sat. p. 18. cum Ic. 
(in vol 70. Opufc. Bo/. Bank/. vid.J 

Rulb about the fize of a hazel-nut, fometimes covered with 
* foft membranous coat, at others by a brown cruftaceous 


fhell ; leaves radical, of a dark green, faced broadways 
to each other in pairs of unequal lengths ; fcape about an 
inch and half high, almoft wholly within the ground, and 
iheathed by the cowled-convolute bafes of the leaves -, umbel 
nearly on a level with the ground, as in Massonia ; corolla 
white, fiiffufed on the outfide fometimes with green, at others 
with a purple tinge ; pedicles about half an inch long, fomc- 
what thickened upwards ; anthers yellow ; germen green, ver- 
tically ftriped by fix pale yeJlowifh fillets ; jlyle about the length 
of this, fomewhat thicker than the filaments, upright; capjuk 
globular, even, about the fize of a pea ; feeds many, black, 
angular. Flowers from January to March. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen cultivated in Mr. 
Greville's greenhoufe at Paddington. We did not perceive 
that it had any fcent in any part. Native Ipecimens are often 
ftill more dwarfifh than the one we have figured. 

Found in the neighbourhood of Tunis, Seville, Naples, and 
Rome; likewife in Corfica. Nearly allied to Allium Jub- 
hirfutum. No. 1141, in the zd page and No. 774, where it is 
mifcalled ciliatum. G. 


No. 1102. 1. 14, 15, 17, 18. Hallucinati fumus dam monuimus expungere 

fynonyma Bauhiui Clufti ' MilUrique ; atque rcflituenda funt. 
No. 1149. 1. 6. for "868" put <f 869." 
No. 1148. 1.6. for " 868" put " 869." 





[ 1204 ] 
Diamthus Petrous. Rock Pink. 

C/j/> aw/ Order, 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal cylindricus i-phyllus : bafi fquamis 4—6. Pefala & 
unguiculata. Gap/ cylindrica l-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

DIANTHUS petrous ; floribus folitariis, calycibus acutis 
flriatulis caefiis : fquamis obovatis mucronatis 
tubo triplo brevioribus, petalis margine irre- 
guhiiter laceris, foliis fubulatis canaliculatis ri- 
gidis internodiis brevioribus. 

BIANTHUS pet rans. Donn Hort. Cantab, ed. 4. p. 100. 

Descr. Herb cefpitous. Stems ereft, flender, rounded, 
one or two-flowered. Leaves rigid, Tubulate, grooved at the 
u Pper part, fhorter than the internodes. Calyx glaucous, long 
and flender, terminating before flowering in a fharp point, 
five-toothed : teeth acute, connivent. Bracles (or fcales at the 
kafe of the calyx) four, at leaft three times fhorter than calyx, 
obovate, margined, flriate, reddifh, terminated with an awl- 
ftaped fomewhat fpreading mucro, fhorter than the lamina of 
the fcale, the two inner ones rather larger and broader than 
( he outward; all larger and more obtufe than in the figure. 
Corolla white, without fpots or hairinefs : limb only half the 
jength of the calyx, unevenly torn lefs than half way down 
jnto narrow, but not capillaceous, Hraps. Stamens ten, five 
,Q nger and five fhorter. Anthers pale yellow. Styles the length 
of the corolla. Stigmas finally revolute. 

There is ftill great difficulty in afcertaining fome of the 
f pecies of Dianthus, notwithftanding Dr. Smith's valuable 
treatife on this genus, in the fecond volume of the 1 ranfac- 
"ons of the Linnean Society, which has certainly thrown 
;?«ch light upon this perplexing fubjea. The plant here 
ft gured, a native of Hungarv, was communicated to us by 

J Mr. 

Mr. Loddices. In many refpe&s it correfponds with Dr. 
Smith's defcription of his D. crinitus y but the limb of the 
corolla in that is much more deeply and finely divided. From 
Di an thus fragrans of Mr. Salisbury, in the Paradifus 
Londinenfis, which is probably the fame with D. plumarius ? 
of Bieberstein, (vide Annals of Botany, vol. ii. p. 441.) 
it differs in a fimilar manner, and alfo in the number of the 
fcales of the calyx. In DiANTHUsferotinus of the Planta 
rariores Hungari<e, the calyx is more obtufe, the leaves fhorter 
and lefs pointed, the Items more fhrubby, the fcales of the 
calyx lefs, generally more in number, and their mucro much 
fliorter. At the fame time all thefe four fpecies appear to 
be very nearly allied. Flowers in Auguft. May be cultivated 
and propagated in the fame manner as Carnations. Is parti- 
cularly liable to be deftroyed by flugs in the winter. 


C 1205 ] 

Dianthus Alpinus. Alpine Pink. 
jfr* M $ ♦ $ j $ $ $ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N m - 1204. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms, 

DIANTHUS alpinus ; caule fubunifloro, petalis crenato- 

dentatis barbatis, fquamis calycinis exterioribus 

foliaceis tubum doliiforme aequantibus, foliis 

DIANTHUS alpinus i caule unifloro petalis crenatis, fquamis 

calycinis exterioribus foliaceis tubum fubaequan- 

tibus. Smith in Tranf. Lin. Sac. v. 2. p. 302. 

mild. Sp. PL 2. 682. 
DIANTHUS alpinus. Lin. Sp. PL 590. Reich. 2. 338, Jacq. 

Aujl. 1. /. 52. Krock. Silef. n. 656. Bot. Repof. 

482. Vi liars Dauphin, p. 600. 
CARYOPHYLLUS pumiluslatifolius, Bauh. Pin. 209. Prod. 

CARYOPHYLLUS fylveftris, flore magno inodoro hirfuto. 

Bauh. Phi. 209. Rait. Hijl. 987. 3. 
CARYOPHYLLUS fylveftris 2. Cluf. Hijt. 1. 283. /. 1. 

Cluf. Dan. 319. /. 318. 
CARYOPHYLLUS alpinus flore rofeo fubtus flavefcente 

cum umbilico virefcente. Hort. Reg. Par. ex 
* Plum. Mfc. 

. !n its wild flate, tbis beautiful little fpecies of Pink, which 
] s found on the higheft mountains of Auftria, Stiria, and 
Eauphiny, bears only a fingle flower upon each ftalk ; a chft- 
ra &er it lofes by cultivation, in common with molt other 
a, pine plants. Dr, Smith obferves that it varies with obtufe 


and acute leaves, but in all the fpecimens that we have ob- 
ferved, the leaves are broader towards the extremity and 
become narrower downwards, which affords a remarkable 
character in this genus. The calyx fwelling in the middle, fo 
as to give it fomething of a barrel fhape, and its very long leaf- 
like lower fcales afford good, but not exclufively appropriate 
characters. We have inferted the characters of this plant, as 
taken from the colour of the flowers, quoted frpm Plumier's 
MS. by Villars, to mew how exactly thefe colours accord 
with our own figure : indeed the colour in this genus will often 
afford a permanent character. 

We are indebted for this very rare plant to Mr. Chandler, 
Nurferyman at Vauxhall. Flowers in June, and is a hardy 
perennial, well worthy of cultivation. 




1 v \ 

\.\ • 


I 1206 ] 

Magnolia Auriculata. Ear-Leaved 

Oafs and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. PetaJa 9. Cap/. 2-valves, imbricatae. Sem. 
baccata, pendula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MAGNOLIA auriculata t foliis obovato-lanceolatis bad at- 
tenuatis auritis glabris fubtus glaueis. 

MAGNOLIA- auriculata. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 1258. Dufrofs 
in Encycl. Method. 3. p. 645. Bartr. Travels, 
p. 339. Micbaux Fl. Bor.-Am. 1. 328. /* 

MAGNOLIA auricularis. Parad. Lond. 43. 

MAGNOLIA Fraferi. Walt. Fl. Carol. 1,59. cum icone. 

It was long fuppofed that the auriculated leaves Would alone 
diftinguifh this fpecies of Magnolia from every other, but 
later obfervers have difcovered two other fpecies with auri- 
culated leaves, the viacrophylla of Michaux and the pyrami- 
data of Bartraiw. 

Though a native of the fouthern Rates of North- America, 
it bears our winters tolerably well, and flowers more early 
than the grandiflora. The petals of our plant were not narrow, 
as defcribed and figured in the Paradifus Londinenfis, from a 
fpecimen that appears to have been of a much weaker plant 
than ours, the drawing of which was taken in the nurfery of 
Meflrs. Whitley and Brame, at Old-Brompton, from whofe 
collection we have often been favoured with plants of the 
greateft rarity and beauty. The highly fweet-fcented bloffoms 
are produced in July. This fpecies is not inferted in Martyn's 
Miller's Dictionary. 


-Ihl if. 7* 6~&r J *£**> <%/£, 

C *207 ] 

Fritillaria Latifolia (a). Largest 

Broad-Leaved Fritillaria. 

-& $$# ^ $-$-#■ % % ^& -^ $< #-£ $• -*- •& 

C/afs and Order. 


Generic CharaHer. — Fid. N m - .664. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA latifolia ; (fubunifiora ;) foliis pluribus ob- 
in caulem fuperne curvulum elevatius pofitis, 
lliperioribus confeni.s Horem ftipantibus; co- 
rolla ample elliptico-campanulata, in fundo ad 
flexuram fcrobibus fenis verticalibus ovato- 
acuminatis radiato-infculpta, fummo ore in- 
curvato-connivente ; laciniis ellipticis obfo- 
letoacumine.externis oblongis,internis ovatis 
atque duplo latioribus ; filamentis quam eae 
duplo brevioribus; genuine iftis fubifomctro, 
colurnnari, trigono-tereti ; ftylo parum an- 
gulliore, trigono-clavato ; ftigmatibus pal- 
lidas, continuis, obefiufculis, cornprefle 
teretibus, leviter divergentibus, apice in- 
trorfum rimula puberula incifis. G. 

FRITILLARIA latifolia. IViltd. Sp. PI. 2. 92. UU a 
Redoute, tab. 51. Nobis fupra No. 853. 

F. efcidenta. ILrb. Bieberjlein. in Muf. Bank/. — httea I. c. 

F. perftca. Herb. Pallas, penes D L A. B. Lambert. 

F. V. VI. Fefius. Belinde. Trew. F/or. Imag. t. 41. 

F. flore atrorubente Iutea luntanica. Park. Par. tab. 41. 

/. 2. 10. — maxima purpurea five rubra. Id. 
I. c. p. 42. abjque Ic. 

F. huea prseftantiffima nedum defcripta — Bore luteo. Swert. 
Floril. t. 7./. 6. 

MELEAGRIS flos maximus italicus. Hort. Eyfi. Fern. Ord. 3. 
fol. 8./ /• F. Id. I.e. foil. 

(*) majors corolla purpureo-fufcefcens, una cum folns rore 
canoobduda; ftvlus, computatis ftigmatibus, germini 
ifometrus. G. Nifo infequenti diverfa, certe memorabtlis 

varietas. ,_. 

(P) minor s 

(3) minor ; corolla prioris fubcoricolor, fimul cum foliis vera 
nitore c.olluftrata ; ftyluf, computatis ffigmatibus, germini 
duplo fere longior. G. Supra No. 853. 

(y) modo diclae fimilis, nifi corolla la?te lutefcens. G* F. lutea. 
Herb. Bieberjfem t 

Descr. Bulb laterally double ; leaves^ 6 — '8, placed in a 
remarkably elevated pofuion on the ftem, lower ones in 
(bine individuals five inches long and two broad, but com- 
monly much (mailer, upper ones gradually narrower and 
fhorter ; ftem a foot or more high, bending towards the top; 
the nectaries are at an unufual diftance (nearly a fourth ot the 
length of the {lower) from the bafe of the filaments, broader 
than in MeieagHs s and not lengthening out into a narrow 
channel as there ; filaments membranous, convex outward?, 
twice fhorter than the corolla, (landing in a perpendicular faf- 
cicle round the piftil, which is about one-third longer; germen 
green ; Jiyle andjtigmas whitifli ; pubefcence in the chink of the 
lad fcarcely perceptible without the aid of a glafs ; corolh 
chequered ; fcetulefs. 

When we gave an account of the lefier variety of this fpecies 
in No. 853, its native fource was unknown to u.s. Since then 
we have leen fpontaneous fpecimens both among the plants 
Cent by Marlhal v. Bieberstein to Sir [o&eph Banks, as 
well as in the Herbarium of the Chevalier Pallas^ at Mr. A. 
B Lambert's ; thofe of the former were gathered on Mount 
Caucalus ; the names given by each of thefe gentlemen we 
have added to our fynonymy. 

The above collections contain likewife the Fritillaria. 
ohliqua of No. 857, to whofe fpontaneous abode we likewife 
were {hangers. In the firft it is called caucafica alias tnlipiflora, 
and was alfo found on the above-mentioned mountain (a<* 
thermas conjlanlino-montanas in Caucafi promontorio boreali.) 1° 
the latter it has been miftaken for the Linnean pyrenaica (fee 
No. 664 ;) under which name it is occafionally mentioned by 
Pallas in his Travels, and was found by him in Ealtern 
Siberia, in the deferts of the country of the Kirgees, and on 
the banks of the Wolga. G. 


No. 1026. 1. 15. for " they" read « it." 
No - 1201. p. 2. 1. M . before « Englifh" put " the." 
I. 18. before M different" put " a." 


C 1208 ] 

Galaxia Ovata(&.) Large-Flowered 


ii #- $ $ ^^%%^#^#if^^4# r #' 

Triandria Mo.nogynia, ni mavis Monadelphia 


Generic Character. 
Spatha monophylla, membranacea, lanceolate folliculofa, 
tmiflora, fefiilis, pedicellum includens. Cor. fupera, infundi- 
buhformis vel angultior tubaeformis, e tubo gracili tereti pe- 
(iunculoideo fuperne dilatefcente in lirabum fexpartitum 
regulareni turbinato-campanulatum ampliata, Iaciniis a latiorc 
lamina deorfum angultatis, fuboequalibus, recurvatis. -Fil. ori 
tubi continuum, tubulofum, tereti-pyramidatum, denticulis 3 
anthcriferis pervium, limbo longe brevius. Germ, oblohgum, 
pemcellatum. Stylus triquetro-filiformis tubura difcrerc per- 
currens, fuperne incrafcefcens, in laminas abeuns 3 (tigmatofas 
c deorfum cucullatis atque intricate coadunatis furfum diicrctas, 
explicates diyergentes, ftamen exfuperantes, ambitu rotun- 
datas ac multifido-fimbriatas. Antb. ereQas, a bafi inftxae, 
fegittato-lineares. Cap/, oblonga, trifulco-trigona, tri-locularis, 
trivalvis valvulis feptigeris. Sem. plurima, bifcrialia, globofa, 
loculamentorum angulo interno affixa. G. 

Oes. Plantulce pygmea. Radix Bulbo-tuber ov&ttghbofum iv.iclco 
tiwygdalino annue renovato, plexubus fibrofi-organ : cis feffiftetttibui ex.'eu- 
fiUbus cum ataie in conceptaculum corUcofum craffum cancrllahvi vd rett- 
culatim fat'ifcem excrefcentlbus ; caulfculus teres, jlipitifonn'n, panon, vel 
omnino non t extra terror* promin^s, memlrana (modi geminaj^ radj • 
gmatus, foliorum fafcicuh terminatui ; folia ligni<ita,fenu-b';uncialia, per 
paginam interiorem fioribus obverfata, e deorfum convoitUc-cmpaclis furfum 
'Xftieat'tm divergentia> exteiiora 2 oppofi.'a frevhra, catera angufiora jub- 
&ffufa; ftores'plures, fugaciffimi a limbo involute collabentes, neque caduci t 
fuccej/roi, fani-triunciales, lutei, Vtolaai, pw Quafi monadclpbum 

hie habemus Crocum cum fitccrefccnte '-'■ -'• ' <'' ' cunt 

Mor.4Ea per Unas longifoliam ffuprafub No. Jt*J conneZitur. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. . 
GALAXIA ova/a,- (BulH-titber ghhofitm cortice tcSIum ran- 
cellalimfiffili ;) foHis lineari-Hgulatis, convoluted 
concaviufculis, nitide glabratis, craffiufculis, ri- 
gidiufcuiis, per oram denticulis mimitifiimi* 
bris ciliato fcabratis, extiinis duobiM fubo 


duplo brevioi ibus; corollainfundibuliformi, limbo 
quam tubus breviore, e cucullato-connivente re- 
curvatim expanfa, laciniis interioribus a lamina 
fubcordato-rotunda r'etufa deorfum longinquius 
unguiculatis, Jateribus bafin verfus in brevem ca- 
naliculum inflexis ; exterioribus integris, ima 
bafi foveola guttula coronata mellea chryftalfina 
impreffis. G. 

GALAXIA ovata. Tbunb. Difl. Nov. Gen. PI. 2. 51. cum ic. 
Prod. 10. Cavan. 6. 341. /. 189. /. 2. J acq. 
Coll. 4. 137. Jr. Rar. 2. /. 201. Bot. Rep. t. 94. 
mild. Sp. PL 3. 583. 

G. grand/flora. Bot. Rep. t. 164. 

IX I A G ataxia. Linn. Suppl. 93. 

Descr. Bulb-tuber about the fize of a large hazel nur, 
dark brown; the whole plant from three to four inches high; 
flowers 2 — 3, of a bright yellow colour, with little or no fcent; 
outer fegments dotted in ftreaks with green ; lafting only from 
morning until about four o'clock in the afternoon ; filaments 
two or three times fhorter than the limb ; fligmas of a deeper 
yellow colour. 

Found by Thunrerg growing in abundance on the hills, 
near the town, at the Cape of Good Hope. Varies with purple 
and violet flowers. 

Our drawing was made from a plant imported by Meffrs. 
Lee and Kennedy, Harnmerfmith, who have alfo a purple- 
flowered variety. 

Blooms in May; requires the treatment of other Cape 
Bulbs of this order. G. 



[ 1209 ] 

Iris Pumila, var. Lutea. Yellow 

Dwarf F^ag. 

Generic Charaeler.—Vid. N is - 787 it 986. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS pumila; (barbata s rbizoma camofum nod'fo-oblongiufculum 
arliculato- ramofum horizontaliter procrefcens _ c<efpitofe 
(obo'ijerum ] foltatura collaterali-dijiicha ; ) foliis paucis 
(3—4), lorato-enfatis, nervofis, imis radicalibus, bre, 
vioribus, eaulinis in cauliculum uniflorum brevem vel 
-fubnullum teBum flori aequalibus vel longioribus ; 
fpatba bivalvi (rumen turn viembranaccum ligulatum an- 
gujltjfimum fcepius indudente), oblongo-Ianceolata, tubb 
rarius iiomctra fed breviori ; germine feflili, ovali, oh- 
folete tngono, quatn tubus f'ubquadruplo breviori \ tubo 
ciaffe flipitiformi, ftriao, trigono-tereti, limbo jequah ; 
laciniis turbinato-dWcrgentibus, extimis obovato-fpatu- 
latis laminis revoluto-deflexis, parum latioribus,obtu(atis ; 
intimis elliptico-fpatulatis, unguibus duplo .extenorurn 
anguftioribus, laminis obovato-eliipticis, extimarum la- 
tioribus, ereao-conniventibus ; ftigmatum labio intimo 
hipartito-ovato fegmentis reflexis parallelis contiguis ; 
extimo rotundato breviflimo integro recurvato. G. 

IRIS pumila* Linn.Sp. PL ei. 2. 1. 56. Syji. Feg. 59. Jacq. 
Aujir 1 5, t. 1. Hort. Kew. 1. 70. Curt.fupra No. g. 
mild. Sp. PL 1. 224. Lam. et Decand. FL Franc. 3. 
237. VahlEnnm.2. 135. Hay ne Term. Bot. t. VI. f. 2. 

CHAMEIRIS latifolia minor alba. purpurea. -iuave- 

rubens. lutea verficolor. Park. Par. 186, 187. 

C flavo et purpurafcente flore. Hort. Eyfi. Vem. Ord. 8./*/. 2. 

/. IK 
C latifolia minor. Cluf. Hifi. 225. /. //. ///• IK V. 
C latifolia minor IX. Id. L f, 227. lutea. Ger. hm. 5*. 

Descr. Leaves 3—4, lower two radical, others cauline, 
3-4 inches high in the fertile fafcicks, in the ftenle one. 

both higher and broader ; flem fometimes nearly none, at 
others an inch or rather more long ; fpaihe fomewhat herba- 
ceous, fometimes converted into complete leaves, as jn our 
prefent fpecimen, and leaving the tube of the corolla quite 
bare ; corolla about four inches high ; ungues of the inner feg- 
ments convolute-channelled and twice narrower than thofe of 
the outer ; lamina of the fame generally undulate, fometimes 
cmarginate ; Jlyle forming one body with tube, except where 
this is hollowed towards the limb into a fhort ftaminiferous 
faux, when it is free, triquetral and thickened towards the 
ftigmas, of the fame length with the ftamens ; capfule feldom 
produced even in its native places, about an inch or more long, 
obtufely trigonal ; feeds angular, wrinkled, of a tawny brown 
colour. Varies with white, yellow, blue, violet, red, and 
particoloured flowers ; generally more or lefs fcented. Blooms 
about April ; fome of the varieties feem to be far tenderer than 
the others, but all will live in the open air j the one figured 
in No. 9 oR the work, is by far the mod common in this 

Native of Hungary, Auftria, the South of France, and of 
other neighbouring parts ; found on old walls in the villages 
in the neighbourhood of Fontainebleau. I. arenaria comes much 
nearer to ruthenica (No. 1123) than to the prefent fpecies; 
flavijjima differs in having a much higher Hem, a tube about 
equal to the germen, and far fhorter than the fegmems of the 
corolla. G. 


C *210 ] 

Leucojum iEsnvuM. Summer Snow- 

M $ $ ».%♦ j $ fl f J» » *** 3^ 

Generic Characler. — Fid, No. 960. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

LEUCOJUM ajiivnm / (capfula herbaceo-'virens f) foliis plu- 
ribus (6 — 8), ab inferne fiftulofo-vaginamibus 
longe canaliculato-ligulatis fuperne planis obtu- 
fulis, interioribus longioribus fcapo furfum 
tereti-deorfum alato-ancipiti fubifometris ; fpa- 
tha pluri-(4 — &)-flora; germine viridi, exfulco; 
corollae laciniis fubaequalibus, lineis nervofc 
prominulis paralleliscrebcrrimis longitudinaliter 
itriatulis ; extimis fubanguftioribus apice tv'u 
denticulatis ; intimis obovatis ; filamentis ca- 
piilaribus aequalibus ere&o-divergentibus in- 
craflato corollse difco impofitis ; antherarum 
loculis a vertice hianter pervio fecundum latus 
externum dehifcentibus ; ftylo clavato-elongato, 
obtufe trigono, cufpide ftigmatofa brevi tri- 
quetra gracillima re&a praefixo. G. 

LEUCOJUM <ejlivum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 414. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 406. Jacq. Aujir. t. 203. Curt. Lond. 
t. 23. Smith Ft. Br/t, 1. 353. Eng. Bot. t. 621- 
Li 1. a Red. t. 135. Lam. et Decand. Fl. Franf, 
3. 233. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 30. 

L. ptilchellum. Par ad. Lond. t. 74. 

NARCISSO-L. pratenfe multifiorum. Toum. Lift. 387. 

L. bulbofum minus. Hort. Eyjl. Vern. Ord. 3. /of. 1 7. / ///. 

L. bulbofum ferotinum majus I. Cluf. Hiji. 170. Park. Par. 
t. 107. f. 11.— — bulb. maj. poJyanthemum. 
Ger. Em. 148./. 4. 

POLYANTHEMUM. JZenealm. Spec. gg. t. 100. 

Descr. Bulb tunicate, about the fize of a pigeon's egg or 
larger, coating membranous ; rootjheatbs membranous, enve- 
loping the lower part of the foliage; leaves bright-green, 


from a foot and a half to two feet high, about half an inch 
broad; fpathe monophyllous, follicular, lanceolate-oblong; 
■pedicles of the umbel lax, recurved; corolla hexapetaloufly 
paned, pendulous, glandularly thickened at its junction with 
the fumiut of the germen, white x with a green ovate fpot 
beneath the tip of each fegment, flightly fragrant when fmelled 
to clolely ; filaments about the length of the anthers ; jiyle 
rather longer than ftamens, generally marked with a green 
ftain beneath the ftigma ; capfule obovate, largifh, even ; feeds 
roundifh, black, fhining, feveral in each cell. Native of 
Auftria, Hungary, Tufcany, the South of France, and, as it 
is faid, of England likewife. Hardy ; blooms in May. G. 


No. 872. For " Li lium Pensylv a-nicum. Pensylvaniax 
Lily." read " Lilium Dauricum. Siberian Lily." 

Infert the following Synonyms : 

LILIUM bulbif crura. Pallas. Herb, penes Bom. A- B. Lambert. 
L. II. foliis anguftioribus (a.) flore miniato. Gmel. Sib.. 1. 4 1 * 
L. angufiifoHum flore rubro fmgulari. Catejhy. Carol. 3. p> 8. 

t. 8. falfe ab ait ft ore pro Amerka indigena datum ; 

tabula a plant a in I lor to Londini fuburbano jlorida de- 

Subfequent to our having in No. 872, on the authority oi 
Catesby, ftated this fpecies to be a native of America; • 
will be feen by our obfervations in Numbers 1082 and 1165* 
that we had fufpecled the accuracy of that author as to this 
point. We have now verified our fufpicion, and find that one 
of our guefles as to its country was right. In Pallas s 
Herbarium, at Mr. A. B, Lambert's, there are feveral very 
perfect fpecimens of the fpecies, gathered in the eaftern parts 
of Siberia. ' By thefe we fee that it has fupported half a century 
of cultivation in our gardens, without any change in fize or 
appearance* The corollas of the above fpecimens are aU 
fpotted as in our figure. Q, 


C *2U ] 

Mirbelia Reticulata, Netted-Leaved 


-#- *■ * * »»♦♦»♦#*♦♦ ♦ ♦ * 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cat. 5-fidus, bilabiatus. Cor. papilionacea. _ Stylus recurvus 
bafi crafTiflimus, gerrnine brevior. Stigma capitatum. Legumen 
ventricofum biloculare ! difpermum. Smith. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

MIRBELIA reticulata. Smith in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 511. 

Ventenat Malmaif. t. 1 1 9. franf. Linn. Soc. v. g» 

p. 265. 
PULTFATyEA rubttefolia. Bot. Repof. t. 351. 

Descr. Stem ftirubby, low, branched, fpreading; branches 
generally by Leaves ufually ternate, fometimes only 
«n oppofite pairs, fubfeffile, linear-lanceolate, acute, fmooth, 
reticulately veined, fubrepand. Inflorefcence verticillate : whorls 
3~6 flowered. Peduncles fhorter than calyx with two fmall 
katies. Calyx bilabiate, punaate. Upper-lip two-lobed, lobes 
truncated. Lower-lip trifid, fegments diftant. Corolla papi- 
lionaceous, bluifli purple. Vexillum nearly round with the 
apex reflexed : claw green, which colour is continued almoft 
to the middle of the vexillum : al<e fomewhat fhorter than this, 
with their margins rolled inwards: carina of two diftinft petals 
hardly longer than the claw of the alae. Germen ovate, acu- 
minate, grooved at the back : Jiyle fhort, recurved : Jligma 
blunt, fwelling after the efflorefcence is paft. Legutnen fome- 
what inflated, with the dorfal margins fo much inflexed as to 
divide the pod into two cells. We did not obferve that both 
margins were inflexed as Ventenat defenbes ; to us the 
diffepiment appeared to be formed by the dorfal margins only. 

This is a pretty delicate little fhrub, and produces its bright 
Purple flowers through moll of the fummer months. Is pro- 
Plated by feeds, which it ripens with us. Is apt to penfh in 
winter by damp, if not kept in a very airy part of the green- 
We. Native of New-Holland. Communicated by Mr. 



A**rf'a^j ki . , v 

<3-/i»»»2 Ji, 

[ 1212 ] 

Struthiola Pubescens. Long-Tubed 

C/<3/Jr «2«^ Order, 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler, 

Cal, o. C<?r. tubulofa ore glandulis plerumque 8. Nux 
%era corticata, unilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

STRUTHIOLA pubefcens ; ramis virgatis pubefcentibus, fo- 
liis lanceolato-fubulatis ciliatis, corollis fub- 
fecundis tomentofo-fericeis, glandulis octo 

STRUTHIOLA pubefcens ,• foliis linearibus ciliatis, bra&eis 
germine longioribus. Dry under in Hort. 
Kew. inedit. 

STRUTHIOLA pubefcens ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis ereclis, 
bra&eis calycibufque ciliato barbatis, co- 
rollis extus fericeis. Relz. Obf. 3. p. 26. 

STRUTHIOLA longifiora ; fubpubefcens, foliis oppofitis 
breviufculis canaliculatis, corollis longiffimis 
incano-tomenfofis. Lamarck Tab, Encyc, \, 
p. 314. /. 78. 

STRUTHIOLA virgata ; foliis lanceolatis ftriatis ciliatis, 
ramis et floribus pubefcentibus. Smith Exot. 
Bot. 46. 

STRUTHIOLA virgata; foliis lanceolatis ftnatis fummis 
ciliatis, ramis pubefcentibus. Tbitnb. Prod, 

c 7 6 - ? 

STRUTHIOLA rubra. Donn Hort. Cant. p. 31, 

*HYMEL^EA foliis oppofitis, cruciatis, anguftis ; floribus 

tubulofis, fpicae in modum ex foliorum alis 

creBis. Burnt. Jfric. p. 127. t, 47./. 1. 


Descr. Stem fhrubby, two or three feet high: branches 
four-fided, twiggy, nodding, hairy, efpecially towards their 
extremities. Leaves oppohte croffwife, lanceolate, equal in 
length to the fpace between the two knots on the fame fide, 
awl-fhaped, channelled above, ftriate and dotted underneath, 
the upper ones hairy on the margins. Flowers axillary, folitary, 
feffile, collected into a fpike near the extremity of the brancn, 
looking to One fide, of a brickdufl-red colour in our fpecimen, 
but varies with flowers paler and more inclined to yellow, 
Braffes {Calyx of Retzius) two, firnilar to the leaves but 
imaller, twice the length of the germen, perfiftent, defending 
the feed after the flower is fallen off. Calyx none, except the 
corolla is to be fo called. Corolla one-petaled, tube three or 
four times longer than limb, funnel -fhaped, being more dilated 
towards the top than ufual in this genus. Neclarium eight 
glands in four pairs, yellow, half the length of the limb, con- 
nected at their bafe into a flefhy red coloured ring inferted 
into the mouth of the tube. Stamens four : anthers nearly 
feflile a little below the mouth of the tube, oval, yellow. 
Germen ovate : Jlyle half the length of the tube : Stigma capi' 
tate hifpid. Fruit a fingle black feed enveloped in two cover- 
ings, the outer one membranous, mining, iilvery brown, the 
inner one firmer, brittle, of a bay colour. We fhould rather 
call it a nut, than a dry berry. The flowers are very fragrant, 
efpecially after funfet. 

A confiderable difficulty attends the fettling of the dif- 
ferent fpecies of Struthiola. was acquainted 
with only two fpecies, which he named virgata and erefla t and 
diflinguiftied them by a fingle word to each, one being pu- 
befcent the other fmooth. We have no doubt but that our 
prefent plant is the pubefcens of Retzius, the longifiora of 
Lamarck, and the Thymelaea quoted above from Burmann, 
which laft fynonym is applied by Willdenow both to virgata 
and erecla. It is alfo the fame fpecies with the S. virgata of 
Dr. Smith, and probably of Thunberg, but not of h lii ' 

What we with Schreber and Smith call corolla, fome 
authors call a calyx. That Jussieu fhould do fo is perfe&ty 
confonant with his ideas upon this fubjeft, but why MuRRAy» 
and after him Willdenow, fhould name this part the calyx in 
Strvjthiola and the corolla in Daphne and Passerina we 

cannot underftand. The glands, which differ in number, form 

arrangement and cofour in the feveral fpecies of this genus, 

afford excellent fpecific characters. 

Flowers in May. Introduced, according to Donn, in 1800* 

May be propagated by cuttings or by feeds, which it ripens 

with us. Communicated by Mr. Loddiges, 


-^JflrV-tf/V^' a£ <Jt>r%T*' 

[ 1213 ] 


**• £ %■%- %• fe -*- $ «- ifr £*• ♦♦#♦# 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cor. inasqualis : labio inferiore multifido, capillari. Sem. l. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

COLLINSONIA anifata ; floribus tetrandris. 

COLLINSONIA ferotina ; foliis magnis oppofitis ovatis, 
petiolis longis, fupremo pare unice feflili 
cordato, panicula terminali ramofiffima. 
JValt. Carol. 65. ? 

Descr. Stems ereB, two or three feet high, rounded, or 
very obfoletely quadrangular, (lightly hairy but hardly rough. 
Leaves oppofue, petioled, generally cordate, but fometimes 
°vate, acuminate, crenate-dentate, nerved, rugofely veined, 
Scarcely hairy, but harfh and roughifh, pale on the under fur- 
face and covered with minute pellucid dots, barely vifible to 
tbe naked eye. Inflorefcence a compound terminal racemus, 
*uh fimpler axillary ones. Bracles ovate, acute, cihate, a pair 
at each dlvifion of the peduncle. Calyx perfiftent, bilabiate: 
u Ppe r lip three-toothed : teeth obtufe : teetb of the lower lip 
**©, acute, a little longer than that of the upper. Corolla one- 
Petaled," bilabiate : tube fcarcely longer than calyx : lower lip 
lo ng, fringed. Stamens four, didvnamous : filaments very long, 
becoming fpiral in drying: -anthers roundifh. Germens four, 
of which generally three, fometimes two, are abortive : jlyl' e 
Sorter than filaments, bent to one fide : Jligma fubbifid. ^ S jeed 


globular. _ The whole herb has a ftrong fcent of anifeed 
when bruifed. 

VVe believe this to be diftincl from both the fpecies men- 
tioned in the Hortus Kewenfis, and from Collinsonia tube- 
rofa of Michaux ; but it is difficult to decide with certainty* 
from the infufficient defcri prions hitherto given. In our plant 
the flowers were constantly didynamous, a circumftance not 
mentioned in the defcription of any of the others, and which 
affords an inftance of the inconvenience arifing from the fepa- 
ration of the diandrous labial* into a diftincl clafs from thole 
with four ftamens ; a feparation which feenis in every cafe to 
do violence to nature. 

For this very rare plant we are indebted to John Walker, 
Efq. F. R. S. from whofe collection at Southgate we received 
it in bloffom in October 1806. It is a native of South- 
Carolina, and requires to be protected from fevere froft. 



C 1214 ] 

Erica Thunbergii. Globular-Tubed 


!$> $ % $ % •$■ jainmK* v sMHH* ^ 3^ 

C7<//} £?/</ Order, 

Oc TAND1U A Mo N O G Y N I A. 

Generic Character, 

CaJ. 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Filamenta receptaculo inferta. 
Anthcr<e bifidae. Cap/. 4-locularis. Dijjepimenta e valvularutn 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ERICA Thunbergii j (mutica) foliis teniis linearibus glabris, 
Horibus umbeilatis, corollae tubo globofb, hmbo 
campanulafo. c ihunb. Prod. 6g. Di/f. n. 4. 

ERIC \ , ; amheris muticis mediocribus, corollis 

-is : tubo globofo, ftylo exferto, foliis ternis 
Linn. Suppl. 220. 

ERICA Tbunbergii. Monlin Aft. Upfal. 2. p. 290. /. 9. fig. 2. 
Martyn Mill, Dift. n. $o. 

ERICA medioliflora / calyce tetraphyllo : corolla 4-lineari, 
laevi ; tubo medioliformi ; limbo baG iniegro : an- 
theris papulofis. Salijbury in Aft. Soc. Linn. v. 6. 

f-33 1 - 

This beautiful little Heath is at once diftinguifhed from 
every otfier known fpecies by its peculiar corolla. This 
Angularity arifes principally from the large fize of the limb 
* n proportion to that of the tube ; for in fa£t, in all the 
globular- flowered Heaths, it is the tube of the corolla that is 
globular, but in thefe the limb is in general fo minute that the 
tube is confidered as the whole corolla; whereas, in Erica 
Tbunbergii, the limb is by far the moft confpicuous part, 


and is deeply divided into four, round-ovate, concave, laciniac, 
which (landing nearly erect, with refpecl; to the tube, form a 
bell-fhaped cup of a deep fcarlet colour, and produce a 
fplendid appearance. So that Profefibr Montin, who firit 
defcribed this fpecies in the Upfal TranfacYions, does not 
deviate from the ufual language in defcribing the Heaths, 
when he fays the corolla is globofe with a campanulate limb. 

We were favoured with the plant, from which our drawing 
was made, by MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, who raifed it from 
Cape feeds. It is one of the raoft rare fpecies, and has never, 
we believe, been before propagated in this country, though 
we know that much pains have been in vain taken to obtain 
feeds of it from the Cape for feveral years together. Flowers 
in May. 

C 1215 ] 

Fritillaria 'Imperialism). Yellow- 
Crown Imperial. 

Oafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.—Vid. No. 664,. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA imperialis ; (bulbus ftibfjuamofus, Jimplex, 
ex laminis majufculis nee imbricatis : pluri- 
midtiflora ;) foliis numerofis, confertius fpar- 
fis, lanceolato-oblongis ; racemo fubyerti- 
cillatim addudo, foliis comofe interRinao, 
inferne longius nudo ; corolla oblongo-cam- 
panulata, intimo fundo fcrobibus fenis 
rotundatis candidis latice chryftallino coro- 
natis ocellatim notata ; laciniis apice pubef- 
centibus, externis obovato-oblongis, an- 
guftioribus, acuminatis ; internis rhombeo- 
obovatis acumine latiore ; filamentis corollas 
sequalibus ; germine quam ftylus duplo bre- 
viore ; ftylo fulcato-trigono ; fligmatibus 
convoluto-laminofis hoc pluries brevioribus ; 
capfula prifmatico-hexagona, angulis alato- 
extenuatis. G. 

FRITILLARIA imperialis. Linn. Sp. PL 2. 1. 435. ttoft. 
Kew. 1. 432. Curt, fupra No. 194. Lit. a 
Red tab. 131. Mild. Sp. PI. 2. go. 

CORONA imperialis. Trew. Flor. hnag. tab. 40, .50, 66, 97. 
Path Par. 27. tab. 29./. u 

TUSAI five lilium perficum. Cluf. Hijl. 127. I. II. 

(*) corolla fulva ftriis pallidioribus vanegata. I*. 

(j3) corolla falpbureo-lutefccns. G. 

For an account of this fpecies we oaft refer back to No. I 9 I, 
*here a reduced figure of the variety (.) will be found. ^ 

In the already fo often cited Pallafian Herbarium, at Mr. 
A.B.Lambert's, there are many fpecimens ofi verticil! at a 
{Willd. Sp. PL 2. 91) under the name of altaica % collected 
in afiatic Ruffia and fouthern Siberia ; in thefe we find fo 
clofe a refemblance to imperialis, that we ftrongly fufpeft that 
they are but one and the fame fpecies ; and that the differences, 
which chiefly confift in the number and fize of the flowers and 
leaves, have been merely produced by culture ; in verticillata, 
however, the foliage is whorled and very regularly fo, which 
is only partially and very inconftantly the cafe in imperialis, G. 


[ 1216 ] 

Fritillaria Racemosa (a). Oriental 

» » $»$$»»♦ * ♦ » » #•* Jk# 

C/tf/r «»</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N m - 664. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA racemofa; (1 — g-Jlora ;) foliis angufte Ian- 
ceolato-ligulatis, convoluto-explicatis, glau- 
tiufculis, fubtus nervofe itriatis, fparfis, in 
fummo caule confertioribus ; corolla ellip- 
tico-campanulata ; laciniis fubsequalibus,intus 
fcrobiculo rotundato-oblongo infculptisj ex- 
timis ellipticis parum anguftioribus cum 
brevi acumine ; intimis obovato-oblongis, 
apice rotundatis ; ftaminibus quam hae 
duplo brevioribus ; germine filamentis ifo- 
metro ; ftigmatibus viridibus, ftylo aequa- 
libus, tereti-linearibus, recurvato-divergen- 
tibus, introrfum rimula longitudinali incifis, 
apice minutiffime puberulis. G. 

FRITILLARIA racemofa. Vid.fupra No. 952; ubi allegatis 
fynonymis adde infequentia. 

F. orientalis. Herb. Marfch. v. Bieberftein in Muf Bank/. 

F- Meleagris. Pallas Herb, penes D un - A. B. Lambert. Id. in it. 
pajfim. Georgi Befcbr. Ruff. R. 3. 4. 900. 

*• viperino flore. Trew. Flor. lmag. t. 7. 

(«) minor ,- 1 — 2-flora. Spec. Spont. in Herb. Bieberft, et Pallas, 
t c . 

P) major ; flores 4 — 9, modo in racemum produ&i, modo 
f ubverticillatim approximate Supra tab. 952. Spec.hortenf. 
in Herb. Pallas I. c. 

Descr. Bulb laterally double; leaves 5—10 or more, 
lo *er ones longer, about four inches in length and the third of 
an inch broad ; differs from Meleagris in having a different 
c °loured and generally fmaller corolla, with the fegments lefs 
Ruminate, a germen equal to, and not half the length of 

the filaments, with nectaries of a roundifli oblong fhape and 
not fufiform or lengthening into a long narrow furrow 

We were unacquainted with the habitat of this fpecies at the 
time we publifhed our account of the variety |3 in No. 952 ; 
but fince then we have found, by the Herbariums above cited, 
that it is a native of Mount Caucafus, New Ruflia, the Crimea, 
and of various places on the Banks of the Wolga. Fre- 
quently mentioned by Pallas in his Travels, under the 
fpecific name of Meleagris y for which he miftook. it. In his 
Herbarium there are numerous fpontaneous fpecimens of (*) 
as well as a garden one of (j3) correfponding in every point 
with our two plants. Had we feen the one-flowered fpecimens 
before we named the fpecies, we fhould certainly not have called 
it racemofa. Our drawing was made at Mr. Williams's, 
Turnham-Green. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

imperialis. Supra tab. 194 & 1215. ~) 

verticillata. mild. Sp.Pl. 2. 91.— altaica. | cap/, pri/mattco- 
Herb. Pall. penesD um - Lambert ,- \hexagona y angiitis 
anne precedents vcre diver/a ? alato extenuatis. 
G. J 

perfica. Supra tab. 962. , 

obliqua. Supra tab. 857. tulipi flora alias caucafica. Herb, 
Bieberfl. pyrenaica. Pall. I. c. 

racemofa. Supra tab. 952 Cf? 1216. 

Meleagris. Engl. Bot. tab. 622. 

latifolia. Supra tab. 853 & 1207. 

pyrenaica. Supra tab. 664. 

camfchatcenfis. nobis. (Lilium.) Willd.Sp. PI. 2. 89. SpecM* 
Spont. in Herb. Bank/. 



Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character* — Vid. No. 1075. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HiEMANTHUS toxicarius ,- (bulbus tunicatus, oblongo-ovatus, 
plexubus multiplicibus Jubcritjiaceis fuperne 
Jquarrofo-laxatis tetlus, rhizomate cylindra- 
ceo, fubtus prominente ;) foliis plurimis, 
Jorato-lanceolatis, glaucis, tortiufculis, bi- 
fariis, ere&o-divergentibus, poll infloref- 
centiam venientibus ; fcapo tereti-com- 
preflb; fpatha bivalvi, arrefta, lanceolato- 
ovata, fubherbacea, pedicellis filiformibus 
breviori; umbellafubhemifphaerica,denfa; 
corolla hypocrateriformi, quam pedicellus 
breviori ; tubo quam germen pluries longi- 
ori, laciniis ifometro ; laciniis lanceolato- 
oblongis, fubaequalibus, concaviufculis, ro- 
tato-patentibus ; filamentis capillaribus, 
limbo aequalibus, erefto-divergentibus ; 
antheris oblongis, vibratili-incumbentibus; 
ftylo fetaceo ; ftigmate fimpliciflimo. G. 

Hv£MANTHUS toxicarius. Hort. Kew. 1. 405. Thunb. Prod. 
59. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 27. 

AMARYLLIS dijlicba. Linn. SuppL 195. Paterfon's travels, 
51. cum tab. pejima. 

This very curious plant flowered in the colleaion of the 
Bifhop of Durham at Mungcwell, Oxfordfhire, as far as we 

can afcertain, for the only time in Europe ; although it has 
been cultivated in our gardens ever fince 1774, when it was 
imported by Mr. Masson, as it has been by many others at 
various fubfequent periods. For the acquifition of the drawing 
we are entirely indebted to Mr. A. B. Lambert. 

The fcape and inHorefcence are reprefented in our plate of 
their natural dimenfions ; but the fize of the bulb and foliage 
is confiderably reduced. Bulb nearly as large as an oftrich's 
egg ; leaves two feet or more high ; Jpathe with only two 
valves, on which account it mould not ftri&ly belong to this 
genus ; but as the nature of the fruit is as yet unknown to us, 
we have not ventured to remove it elfewhere. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it was found 
abundantly by Mr. Paterson, in the Rogge-Veld diftrift. 
The horned cattle are faid to be expofed to great danger 
from this plant, being exceedingly fond of the leaves ; but 
which, when eaten by them, generally prove fatal. The bulb 
furnilhes the poifon ufed by the natives for their arrows. G. 



\f?(r— Orient t ^tur? 1 Jloo 

C 1218 ] 

berry-Leaved Hibbertia. 
f »»»»»» M » ♦ ♦. * * #$* 


Generic Charafter. 

Cat. 5-phylius in frudu connivens. iV/a/a 5» decidua. Cap* 
fuU plurimae glomeratae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HIBBERTIA rroJ[ulari<efolia ; caule decumbente, foffls fub- 
orbiculatis crenato-dentatis, peduncuhs foil- 
tariis flore longioribus. 

HIBBERTIA vroffularUfolia. Salijb* in Parad. Lond. n. 73. 
ubiBurtoniapriusappellatafuit, poftea reim- 
prefla pagina, ad Hibbertiam melius relata. 

HIBBERTIA crenata. Bot. Rcfof. ». 187. 

Hibbertia is a genus of plants, all natives of New-Holland 
to which this name has been given in honour or C^orc 
Hibbert, Efq. to whom our gardens are. indebted iortM 
introduaion of feveral new plants, particularly from the Cape 
of Good Hope. The fpecies firft railed here, and which was 
the only one known for feveral years after was figuicd at 
N0.44Q f this work, under the mifapphed name of D t- 
"..W^h is a very large ^X^l^Zl 
of Ceylon, Java, and fome other parts of the ^" I " d ^ ^ 
" remarkable for the thickening of the calyx, after the fall ot 
the flower, into a large flemy fruit 

The Hibberti* are all low ^\ S > h fJ?™vcry different, 
the form of the flower, ^^ h . th / e J funder a new natural 
Mr. Salisbury has arranged both genera _unu 1 USSI tU 

order, to which he has given the name of DiHeneac Jo s^ 

referred Dilienia to the Magnoliae. To us Hibbertia appears, 
through Paeonia, to have fome relation to the Ranunculaceae ; 
but it is a difficult fubject, and Mr. Salisbury is probably 
correft in what he has done. 

Y)iLLEti i a fpeciofa of the Botanical Magazine (D.fcandens 
of Willdenow) is a fpecies of Hibbertia, and does not 
appear to be different from Hibbertia volttbilis of Ventenat 
and the Botanift's Repofuory. 

The plant here figured, Hibbertia grqffulari<efo/ia t is alow 
trailing fhrub, with bright yellow folitary flowers, which are 
produced through the greatefl part of the fummer. In ap- 
pearance it is not much unlike a Potentilla, but with fimple 
leaves. Difcovered by Mr. Robert Brown, near King 
George's Sound. Our figure was taken from a plant com- 
municated by Mr. Knight, Nurferyman, King's-Road, Chel- 
sea, late Gardener to Mr. Hibbert, and the prefent pofTei- 
for of that gentleman's valuable collection. 




fup. JJ3O0 

C 1219 ] 

Primula Intermedia. Siberian Birds- 

C7j/> and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Involucrum umbellulae. CorolU tubus cylindricus : ore pa- 
tolo. Cap/, l-locularis, teres, dentibus 5 — 10 debifcens. Sent. 


Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PRIMULA intermedia ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis fubcrenatis 
utrinque viridibus depreffis, umbelia fubnutante 
corollishypocrateriformibus : laciniis obcordatis. 

PRIMULA foliis utrinque viridibus. GmeL Fl. Sibir. v. 4. p. 
8. t. 44. f. 3. (in textu figura fecunda dtplici 
errore, ni fallimur, citatur). 

This plant, which was raifed by Mr. Loddiges from feeds 
'ent from Siberia, appears to be intermediate between Pri- 
mula furinofa and nivalis [longtfolia Bot. Mag. 392.) The 
ic ape is longer than that oi ' farinqfa and more flender than in 
either of the other allied Ipecies ; the leaves are green on both 
"des without any mealinefs, and lie flatter on the ground than 
to both the others ; the calyx is very nearly as long as the 
tube of the corolla, and its fegments are more acute than in 
jarinofa : the braftes compofing the involucre are fhorter by 
half than the pedicles, and are incurved. 

We learn by Gmelin, that this fort is far more common 
in Siberia than the farinofa, of which however he considers it 
f s a variety ; but to us, as well as to Mr. Loddiges, who is 
ln the habit of cultivating all three, it appears to come as near 
to nivalis. Perhaps all three may be confidered as only 
varieties of the fame fpecies, yet they feem to be permanent, 
ar »d not at all inclined to change from one to another. 


In Gmelin's Flora Sibirica, vol. iv. tab. 44, the figures 
two and three feem to have been mifplaced by the engraver; 
the former, which reprefents the leaves with a white under 
furface and fhorter fcape, being quoted in the text for the 
taller variety, with leaves green on both fides. 

Flowers in May. Propagated by feeds or parting its roots, 
but is much more difficult to be preferved than either of the 
other, being very impatient both of wet and drought. 

•~ * L 


[ 1220 ] 

Mesembryanthemum Densum. Great 
Bearded-Leaved Fig-Marigold. 

$%4*k # i fii §ww 4 » y ♦ ♦ fry ♦ y 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala numerofa, linearia, ball cohaErentia. 
G#/". carnofa, infera, polyfperma. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM den/am s foliis . femicylindricis 

apice barbatis confertis, pe- 
dunculis hifpidis, foliolis caly- 
cinis fubaequalibus petalis bis 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM denfum ; fubacaule foliis denfif- 

fime imbricatis connatis femi- 
cylindricis, fupra concavis apice 
barbatis, calycibus hexaphyllis 
fubaequalibus hifpidis. Haworth 
Me/em. p. 302. ». 94. 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM radiatum humile, foliis majori- 

bus. Dill. Elth. 248. /. 190. f, 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM barbatum. y. Sp.PL 691. Willd. 

v. 2. p. 1046. 

Mr. Haworth, the author of a monograph upon this 
genus, has, in our opinion, very properly feparated the three 
varieties of M. barbatum in the Species Plantarum, into as 
many diftinft fpecies. The firft of thefe is figured above 
{No. 72) and is at once diftinguifhed from both the others 
°y the leaves being generally fo remote, as to fhew a con- 
siderable fpace of italk between each pair, and by the peduncles 
and calyxes being deftitute of hairs. 

The fecond variety, the M. birfutum of Haworth, comes 
much nearer to our prefent plant, but has fmaller leaves and 


flowers, and, which affords a good fpecific difference, has the 
leaflets of the calyx of unequal length, and much longer in 
proportion to the corolla than in M. denfum. 

This plant, though not of difficult cultivation, is extremely 
fhy of flowering; fo much fo, that Mr. Haworth, to whom 
we are indebted for the living fpecimen here figured, informs 
us that it is one and twenty years fince he has feen it in blof- 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the fame 
treatment as other fucculent plants from that country ; which 
confifts chiefly in taking care that they are not injured by 
damp in the winter, and in protecting them from froft. 


[ 1221 ] 

Aquilegia Hybrida. Two-Coloured 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. o. Petala 5. Ncclaria 5, corniculata inter petala. 
Capf. 5, diftinftae. 

Specific CbaraBer and Synonyms. 

AQUILEGIA hybrida; neaariis incurvulis, foliis fubtiliffime 

AQUILEGIA vulgaris van %. fpeciofa : neftariis caruleis 

apice luteis. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 247. ? 
AQUILEGIA bi color ; perigoniis et piftillis glabris, neftariis 

incurvis. Ehrb. Beitr. 7. 146. ? 
AQUILEGIA fibirica. Donn Hort. Cantab, p. 127. ? 

This beautiful Columbine came up in confiderable num- 
bers, among the feedlings of Aquilegia canadenfis % and may 
perhaps be a hybrid production between that fpecies and 
vulgaris. It appears to us however to be the fame as the 
Siberian variety of A. vulgaris in Hortus Kewenfis, which is 
faid to be permanent. If fo, it might be confidered as a 
valuable acquifition ; but as fome of the flowers came entirely 
^•ue, and others altogether white, it is to be feared that it 
ttay not be eafy to preferve its peculiarities, and that further 
experience may not juftify our having made a diftind fpecies 
of it. 

The leaves have none of the purplim hue of A. canaJe,t/is, 
*nd are more pubefcent, feeling very foft on both fides ; on 

which account the feedling plants were readily diftinguifhed 
as they grew together ; they do not however appear to be 
materially different in form. The Mem is fomewhat taller, 
and the whole plant larger. The nectaries of the flowers are 
incurved, but not fo much fo as in vulgaris. 

Communicated by Meffrs. Whitley and Brame, Old- 
Brompton. Is a hardy perennial. Flowers in May and June, 
Propagated by feeds or parting its roots. 


U««feZ>»£ A*^&* Sf,rjJSy S.Sa»/o»vJ^ 

[ 1222 ] 

Allium Victorialis. Long-Rooted 

•p v v^S ♦ v 3r» 4» *i» v T^sjf^^v *F 

C/4/} /2»i Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Vid. No. 869. 

ALLIUM Viciorialis ; (lulbi apgregatt\ ex ovatis cylindraceo* 
elongatiy deorfum plcxubus reticulato-fibrqfis laxius 
involuti ;) foliis paucis, longinque fiftulofo-vagi- 
namibus, inde in laminas elliptico-lanceolatas fub- 
coriaceas nervofas carinato-coftatas bifarias re- 
motas inferne plicatim contra£tasabeuntibus ; caule 
tereti-ancipiti, ftriato ; fpatha fphacelata quam 
umbella rotundato-congefta breviori ; pedicellis 
quadrangularibus ; corolla campanulato-patente, 
laciniis interioribus lanceolato-ovatis, latioribus, 
planioribus, tenia parte longioribus, obtufulis ; 
exterioribus naviculari-convolutis ; filamentis has 
exfuperantibus, asqualibus, altemis deorfum la- 
tioribus ; germine fubclavato-turbinato, fuperne 
trilobato-trigono viridi ; ftylo fetaceo quam iftud 
duplo longiori ; ftigmate fimpliciffimo. G. 

ALLIUM Viaorialis. Linn. Sp. PL 2. 1. 424. J acq. Aufl. 
3. /. 216. Gartn. Sem. et Fr. 1. $6. Hort. Kew. 
1. 424. Zom. PL Med. Cent. 1. /. 12. Blackw. 
t. 544. F!or. Arrag. 296. Lam. et Decand. FL 
Franc. 3. 224. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 65. 

A. Vicloriale. Allion. Pedem. n. i860. 

A. plant agineum. Lam. Encyc. 1. 65. 

A. radice oblonga, reticulo obducia, foliis ovato-Ianreolatis, 
umbella fphaerica. Hall. Heh. n. 1220. de AIL 20. 
Opufc. 375. n. 17. 

■*»• montanum latifolium maculattim. Bauh. Pin. 75. — alpinum. 
Hifl. 2. 566. RaiiHiJl. 1122. — anguinum. Camer. 
Epitl. 329. Matth. 559. 

VICTORIALIS longa. Cluf. Hijh x. 189. 


Descr. Bulb within the loofe outer netted coverings of a 
deep purple colour, growing out into long thick flefhy fiftular 
flem-fheathing petioles^ which terminate in broad ilattifh ellip- 
tically-lanceolate green blades, from four to fix inches long, 
from half an inch to near two in breadth ; corolla of dirty fub- 
diaphanous white colour, fometimes fuffufed with red ; the 
whole plant, when bruifed, has a very rank fcent of Garlic. 
Native of Spain, Italy, France, Switzerland, and Germany. 
The root was confidered by the Bohemian miners, when worn 
as an amulet, to be a fafeguard againft the attacks of certain 
impure fpirits, to which they deemed themfelves expofed; 
among them it was furnamed Siegwurz (Root of Viclory); hence 
Viclorialh. By the fhepherds of other diftrifts it has been ufed 
internally as a prefervative againft the effecls of fogs and 
noxious exhalations ; a purpofe to which every fpecies of Garlic 
is more or lefs adapted. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden. G, 



r**i t >J**p ? j . / 

ao i / ^og 

* , an for., Sun'S**' 

[ 1223 ] 

Hypoxis Stellata(3)« White-Flowered 
Star Hypoxis. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. — Vid.fupra N {s ' 662 et 709. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS fiellata. Vid.fupra No. 662. (3. Jaca. Ic. Rar. 2. 
/. 368. 

For an account of this fpecies, we refer to No. 662 of this 
work ; where the variety («) is treated of. The prefent fpe- 
cimen of (|3) was fent us by Mr. Anderson, from Mr. Vere's 
colle&ion at Kenfington j it has been received the year before 
from the Cape of Good Hope. G. 

CHLOROPHYTUM inornatum. Supra No. 1071. 

When we publifhed the account of this plant, its fponUneo- 
ous abode was unknown to us ; we have fince learned that it 
comes from Sierra Leone ; has been moft probably introduced 
ty Profeffor Af 2 b l j u s. G. 

C 1224 ] 

Pancratium Amancaes. Golden 

Hexandria Monogynia* 
Generic Character.— Fid* No. 7 1 8. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM Amancaes g foliis paucis, bifariis, alternis, 
deorfum fiftulofo-vaginantibus, reticulato- 
venofis, verticalker dimidiato-fphacelatis, 
lamina lanceolato-oblonga, canaiiculato- 
explicata ; fpatha fcariofo-membranacea, 
quam umbella pluriflora feffilis breviori ; 
corollas tubo ere&o, cylindrico, obtufe 
hexagono-fulcato, laciniis ifometro ; limbo 
nutante, radiato-explanato, laciniis Iineari- 
lanceolatis, anguftis ; corona limbum 
fubaequante, dentato-lacera, duodecimfida 
fifluris alternis linearibus marginibus con- 
tiguis, alternis acute finuato-excifis, pa- 
tentibus, ftaminigeris ; flaminibus corona 
praebrevioribus infraque ejus oram infrafto- 
conniventibus ; ftylo declinato-aflurgente, 
tereti-trigono, parum attenuato, magis 
minufve exferto ; ftigmatibus trinis, lineari- 
lobatis, canaliculus, breviter divergenti- 
difcretis. G. 
NARCISSUS Amancaes. Ruiz et Pavon. Flor. Per. et ChiL 
v * 3* 53- ta ^' 2 ^3* f' a '* ma g*itudine na- 
tural! minor. 

Bulb tunicate, ovate, leaves 3 — 5, more than two feet high, 
reticulately veined, downwards fiftularly fheathing for about 


half the length of the fcape, where they are halved-fphacekte 
on the fide oppofed to their lamina; from the iheathing part 
they expand into oblong-lanceolate lamin<e t which are imooth, 
bifarioufly divergent, diitant, lower ones fhortefr, 1—2 inches 
broad ; fcape about two feet high, compreffed ancipital, even ; 
fpathe bivalved, fphacelately membranous, ovate-acuminate; 
umbel 3 — 6-flowered, higher than the fpathe ; germen feffile, 
feveral times fhorter than the tube of the flower, with 
which it is continuous, trigonal-oblong, trifulcate, green; 
corolla large, bright yellow, nutant-hypocrateriform ; tube 
upright, about equal to the fegments of the limb, thick, 
flefhy, obtulely hexagonal, fulcate, nearly of the fame 
fize all its length, green downwards, yellow upwards ; 
limb nutant ; fegments linear-lanceolate, narrow, diftant, ftel- 
lately expanded ; crown turbirmte-campanulate, equal to the 
limb, dentately jagged, with twelve deeper clefts, the alternate 
ones of which are linear with parallel contiguous fides, while 
the others are acutely finuate, patent, and have the ftamens 
placed at the bafe of their fork, below each of which on the 
inner fide is a green vertical glandulariy thickened fillet, making 
together fix green radii that converge towards the mouth of 
the tube ; ftamens deep yellow, round-fubulate, far fhorter than 
the crown but longer than the clefts, infra&edly connivent 
below the rim of the crown ; anthers linear-fagittate, upright, 
appended from the centre of their back ; flyle whitifh, not ad- 
hering to the bore of the tube, rounded-triquetral, thicker 
than ftamens, declined-affurgenr, terminating in three very 
ftiort lobe-fhaped Jtigmas. 

A fpecies that has not yet found its way into any general 
enumeration of vegetables known to us, and a flranger to our 
colle&ions till lately imported from the Brazils, by MefTrs. 
Middlemist and Co. Shepherd's-Bufh, in whofe hot-houfe 
it flowered, for the firft time, this fummer. Moft probably a 
native of the Brazils, but certainly of Peru, where it is known 
by the appellation of Amancaes or Hamancaes^ and is found in 
abundance on hills in the neighbourhood of Lima that bear 
the fame name. The flowers, which are exceedingly fragrant, 
are ufed by the women of thofe parts by way of ornament 
for their hair. The figure in the Flora Peruviana, is con- 
fiderably lefs than nature, but charaaeriftic. G. 

[ *22 5 ] 

Trichonema Roseum. Rose-Coloured 


$$-£ 4H|Hft ♦ jtfri ji i l n j s sM^M* -fc 

C/<3/> <j»i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha terminalis, uniflora, bivalvis, valvis convoluto-Ianceo- 
latis, conduplicato-oppofitis, integris. Cor. turbinato-patens ; 
tubus limbo brevior, fepius breviffimus vel fubnullus; limbus 
fexpartitus, regularis, lacinils fubaequalibus, ovali-lanceolatis, 
deorfum coarclatis, furfum patentibus. Fil. brevia, ere&a, 
Hneari.fubu 1 -ta, pubefcentia, tubo impofita. Anth. oblongo- 
fagittatae, f, .ciculato-arreclae. Stigm.%, capillaria, recurvato- 
divergenlia, bipartita. Cap/, membranacea, ovato-rotunda, fub- 
tritorofa. Sew. numerofa, biferialia, globofa, loculorum angulo 
interno affixa. G. 

Obs. Radix Bulbo-tuber ovato-acuminatum y baft oblique depreffum, 
tunias cruftaceo-coriaceis ac fere putatnineis veftitum, f brant principalem 
craffam fubfujiformem demittens. Folia duo-plura, angujla, linearia y ob 
cofiam mediam craJJ'am majufulam utrinque quadrato-prominentem fubtetra- 
quetra. Caul is Jlorifer intra Urrarn occultatus, frugiferfupra earn prolatus, 
teres, fapius in pedunculos binos Jemiteretes ultra medium divifus, ad divifu- 
ramfohis duobus ftipatus ; rarius pedunculo at que folio unico dotatus ; dum 
eauhs terra haret, pedunculi fcapos uni floras aphylhsftmulant, ac folia cunclm 
r adicalia diceretis. CrOCO perquam affine genus. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRICHONEMA rofeum ; corollas tubo fere obfoleto; fila- 
mentis quam antherae fubduplo brevioribus ; 
ftigmatibus antheras parum excedentibus. G. 

*XIA rofea. Linn. Syji. Veg.ed. 12. 2. 75. Syjl. Veg. ed. 13. 
75. (in edit. 14. de novo cum Bulbocodio 
confufa eft.) Hort. Kew. 1. 56. IVilld. Sp. 
PI. u 196. 

I. campanulat a. Lam. Illuftr. 1. 109. 

«. Bulbocodium. Tbunb. de Ix. p. 6*. n. 3. Lam. Encyc. 3. 335. 

BULBOCODIUM pedunculis nudis unifloris; foliis fubulatis, 
linearibus. Mill. Ic 160. t. 140. 

CROCUS triflorus ; floribus violaceis. — triflorus. Burm. 

. Prod. cap. 2. 

fe?) lutea. G. 

*« recurva. 1. filifolia. 2. LiL a Redoutl\ t. 251. 

J. buttocodioiJes. De la Roche. Diff. Nov. PI. 19. «. 6. 


In our obfervations 6n Tri<5hoWema eruciatum, No. 575 
of this work, we have ftated that the figure which had been 
given in No. 265, by Mr. Curtis, for that of Ixia Bulbo- 
codium, had been done from a Cape fpecimen, and was the 
Linnean rofea. Since then however, we have affured our- 
felves, by means of the gentleman who made the drawing from 
which that plate was engraved, as well as from the prefent 
poffefTor of Mr. Curtis's Botanic Garden, that we were 
miftaken, and that that figure really reprefents the European 
fpecies; we have been likewife fhewn fome of the progeny of 
the very parcel from which the fpecimen for that plate was 
taken, and which are dill flourifhing in the above garden. It is 
however difficult, if not impoflible, to give any fufficiently 
precife definition of the marks that diflinguifh the two fpecies; 
in our prefent plant, the fligmas do not appear to be fo long 
nor extended fo far beyond the anthers as in the European; 
the filaments here alfo appear to be proportionately fhorter ; 
both vary much in colour ; but Bulbocodium is perfectly 
hardy, and grows luxuriantly in the open border, foon forming 
a large tuft which blooms as early as April ; while rofeum re- 
quires the fhelter of a greenhoufe and does not flower till about 
June. Our prefent fpecimen was received from the Cape of 
Good Hope by Mr. Vere, in whofe garden it flowered laft 
July. The leaves in both fpecies are fometimes twice or three 
times longer, and fometimes fhorter than the flem. Cruciatum 
differs from both in having fligmas that do not overtop the 
anthers. G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 

Bulbocodium. nobis in Annals of Bot. 1 . 223. (Ixia.) fupra tab. 

265 ; a nobis in loco primum citato erronte p* 

rofeo habita. 
elongatum. nobis (Ixia.) Vahl. Enum. 2. 51. 
rofeum. Supra tab. 1225. 

cruciatum. Supra tab. 575. (Ixia.) Vahl. I c. 
chloroleucum. nobis, ochroleucum ; nobis in Ann. of Bot. t. *• 

(Ixia.) chloroleuca. Jacq. 1c. Rar. 2. 270- 

ochroleuca ; Vahl. I. c. 50. 
fpeciofum. nobis in Ann. of Bot. I, c. I. Bulbocodium ; Sot. 

Rep. tab. 170. 
pudicum. nobis Ann. Bot. I.e. (Ixia.) So/and. Herb. Bankf. 

[ 1226 ] 

Verbascum Cupreum. Copper-Flowered 


CAt/} atfi Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia* 

Generic CbaracJer. 
Cor. rotata, fubinsequalis. Cap/. 2-Iocularis, 2-vaIvis. 

Specific Character. 

VERBASCUM cupreum; caulibus virgatis fimplicibus, fofttt 
cordato-ovatis rugofis crenatis fubtus lanatis, 
pedunculis unibra&eatis folitariis. 

Cultivators find, that wherever different fpecies of Mulleirr 
grow near together, they are fo apt to mix, that it is impoflible 
to preferve them diftincl, when propagated by feeds. And our 
prefent plant, though apparently pofteffing charaBers fufficiently 
marked to diftinguifh it as a fpecies, is probably the product 
of Verbascum ovalifolium (No. 1037) impregnated with the 
pollen of V. phceniceum (No. 885). At leaft we are informed 
by Mr. George Loddiges, that it came up from feeds 01 
the former ; from which it neverthelefs differs remarkably m 
having pedunculated flowers 4 furnifhed with a fingle b'rafte to 
each, the length of the peduncle, which it embraces j whereas 
the flowers in ovalifolium are feffile, and have three braftes to 
each. Like phceniceum y it has the three fhorter filaments 
covered with long glandular purple hairs, and the two longer 
ones naked except on the upper fide : the anthers of the former 
are nearly circular, and are in part clothed with fimilar hairs, but 
chiefly white ; thofe of the longer filaments are moon-ftiaped 
and naked : all the filaments are naked at the lower part. 

It is a hardy biennial, and having long, undivided ftalks, 
with the flowers in a lengthened raceme, is handfome, and 
grows lef s draggling than the branched fpecies. If blown 
vmnin doors, the flowers lofe the copper colour and become 
ot a pale yellow with a purple eye in the centre. Flowers m 
July and Auguft. 7 


J'Sanfem Ju*+.J*>p ' 

[ *22/ ] 

Stapelia Campanulata. Bell-Flowered 


Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Contorta. Neftarium duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA campanidata ,« corollis decem-dentatis infundi- 
buliformibus : limbo verrucofo : tubo.barbato : 
neclarii laciniis obtufiflimis apice crenatis. 

STAPELIA campanidata / ramis pluribus fimplicibus ere&is 
tetragonis dentatis, dentibus patentibus acutis, 
corolla decemfida campanulata fcabra, tubo 
barbato. Majfon Stap. p. 1 1 . n. 6. /. 6. 

STAPELIA campanidata. Willd. Spec. PI. 1293. Marly n 
Mill. Ditt. n. 43. 

The branches of this {pedes are fimple, ere£t, four-fided, 
wuh teeth patent and fharp-pointed. The peduncles ifTue from near 
the bafe, and bear fometimes two or three flowers in fuccef- 
fion. The fegments of the calyx are linear, and proje£i beyond 
the bafe of the corolla. Corolla funnel-fhaped : limb divided 
mto five broad triangular fharp-pointed laciniae, with a much 
fmaller one between each, fulphur-coloured with raifed purple 
irregular fpots : tube nearly cylindrical, clothed within with glan- 
dular hairs. The neclarium lies flat at the very bottom of the 
tube, is five-parted : laciniae very obtufe, fcolloped at the point, 
with five fimple horn-fhaped appendages rifing above the ftigma 
and bent back at the point. Native of the dry country at the 
Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in July and Auguft. 

Our drawing was taken at the copious collection of the late 
John Walker, Efq. at Stockwell ; but the defcription from 
a flowering plant fent us laft month by Meflrs. Loddiges. 


'y*J Jjpp 

[ 1228 ] 

Convolvulus Canariensis. Canary 

C/j/} ##*/ Order* 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Cap/. 2-locularis : 
loculis difpermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS canarienfis ,- foliis cordatis pubefcentibus, 
caule perenni villofo, pedunculis multi- 
floris. Willd. Sp. PL 858. Mart. Mill. 
Dicl. n. 20. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 210. 

CONVOLVULUS canarienfis fempervirens, foliis mollibus 
et incanis. Comm. Hort. 2. p. 101. /. 51. 

CONVOLVULUS canarienfis, foliis longioribus mollibus in- 
canis. Pluk. Aim. 114. /. 325./. 1. 

CONVOLVULUS pannifolius. Salijh. Farad. Lond. 20. i 

This immenfe genus very much needs revifing and requires 



dividing into feveral, which might be conveniently done, as 
propofed by Mr. Salisbury, from the various ftrufture of 

- filaments, ftigmas, and feed-veflel. 

In our plant the jligmas are fully as long as the ftyle, and 
entirely divaricate, filiform, and obtufe; ovary conical and 
covered with foft hairs ; the filaments are befet at the lower 
part with glandular hairs, and are united together at the bafe ; 
the fafcige of the corolla hairy. The leaves vary from ovate- 
cordate to oblong-cordate, and are fometimes acute, fometimes 
obtufe, and fometimes quite rounded at the point ; all of them 
pubefcent on both fides ; foft, and, upon the upper furface 
especially, feel like a piece of fine cloth. The peduncles are 
from one to fix-flowered. 


Mr. Salisbury's pannifolius agrees in fo many points with 
our plant, that we have been led to doubt whether it does not 
belong to the fame fpecies, though the flowers of that are 
larger than in canarienfis ,• and Mr. Salisbury defcribes the 
ftems as angular, which in our plant are perfectly rounded. 

It is an evergreen with fhrubby ftems, and, if properly fup- 
ported, will climb to a great height. Native of the Canary 
Iflands. Requires the protection of a greenhoufe. Propagated 
by cuttings or feeds; but Miller remarks, that thofe propa- 
gated in the former method, rarely bear feeds, whilit in the 
latter they feldom fail. Cultivated by the Duchefs of Beau- 
fort in 1690. Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges. 



[ 122 9 ] 

Gentiana Septemfida. Crested 

C//{/> #»i Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Cbara&er. 

Cor. i-peiala. Cap/. 2-vaIvis, l-locularis: Receptaculis 2, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA fepte?nfida ,♦ corollis hypocrateriformibus 5 — 7- 

fidis : laciniis intercalaribus laceris, foliis cm- 

ciatis trinerviis. 
GENTIANA feptemfida ; corollis campanulatis fepremfidis 

quinqueHdifque, laciniis intermediis ciliatis. 

Froelich Gent. p. 47. n. 16. Wdld. Sp. PL 1333. 
GENTIANA 'feptemfida ; corollis feptemfidis quinquefidifque, 

laciniis intercalaribus ciliatis. Pall. PL Rofs. 2. 

p. 101. /. 92. /. 3. 

Descr. Stems crcEl, rounded, fimplc, herbaceous, fmootb, 
Jfi our fpecimens only fix or eight inches high, but reaching 
*n its native foil, according to Pallas, to nearly a foot and 
half, leaves oppofite and croffed, crowded, ovate-lanceolate, 
three-nerved, fmooth, paler underneath. Flowers terminal, 
*-— 6, feffile. Calyx tubular, truncated, obfoletely angular: 
angles continued into awl-fhaped teeth the length of the tube 
■°f the calyx. Corolla bell-fhaped : tube nearly cylindrical, 
fomewhat dilated upwards, of a greenifh brown colour on the 
putfide, fpotted within : limb flat, for the molt part divided 
into five, fometimes fix, and rarely feven ovate acute lacinia?, 
of a beautiful blue on the infide, with fmallcr laciniae between 
e ach, erect, fringed, of the fame colour, and continued down 


the tube, being let in between the laciniae like gores, not 
badly expreffed by Pallas by the term intercalares. Stamens 
the fame number as of the laciniae, half the length of the tube, 
fwollen in the middle. Germen fpindle-fhaped, the length of 
the ftamens : ftigma two-cleft, finally revolute. 

Approaches neareft to Gentian a afclepiadea, but the 
corolla is ftill more beautiful in form and colour. Pallas 
defcribes the flowers as axillary, as well as terminal, but in 
our fpecimens as well as thofe from the fame country in Sir 
Joseph Banks's mufeum, they were altogether terminal. 

The whole plant is intenfely bitter, mixed with a fweetifh 
tafte, fomething like that of pea-fhells. 

Native of the Perfian Alps near the Cafpian Sea, the Crimea, 
and of Mount Caucafus. Mr. Loddiges had the feeds 
from the latter country, and we received flowering fpeci- 
mens from him in the fummer of 1808. Flowers in July. Is 
a hardy perennial, and may be propagated by parting the roots. 


Hii.hyT Am&/> J" Geo. Cr+fc«H.t Oct t J 300 . 


[ 1230 ] 
Allium Fistulosum. Welsh Onion. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ *.♦ ♦ ♦ !?♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ t "♦ ♦ 

C/rf/> #»*/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 869. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM fijlulofum ; (bulbits oblongo-pyramidatus angujlior -,) 
foliis inflato-cylindricis, ventricofis, furfum atte- 
nuatis, bafi vaginantibus, fcapum fimilem adae- 
quantibus ; fpatha fphacelato-inembranacea, te- 
nerrima, quam umbella ovatocapitata congefta 
breviori ; pedicellis brevibus ; corolla triquetro- 
ovata (baud raro laciniis oftonis tetraqiteiro ovata) % 
fundo ftaminigero glandulofo-incraffato fovente 
germen ; laciniis furfum convergentibus, extimis 
ovatis acutis cymbiformi-convolutis brevioribus 
anguftioribus, intimis ovato-oblongis planionbus ; 
filamentis corolla duplo longioribus, filiformibus, 
aequalibus, difFufo-exfertis, citius emarcefcentibus ; 
germine depreffe trilobo-globofo, viridifTimo ; 
ftylo fetiformi, cufpide ftigmatofa fimpliciffima. G. 

ALLIUM fijlulofum. Linn. Sp_. PL ed. 2. 1. 432. Syjl. Veg. 
Murr. 14. 323. Hart. Kcw. 1. 428. Georgt Befcbr. 
des Ruff. R. v. 4. P 1 ' 3- A 8 94- * 22. IVilld. Sp. 

A. ahaicum. Pak It. 2. App. n. 108. tab. R.-Foy de Pal!. 

par de la Pexronie. v. 8. app. p. 299. tat. 59. 
A. ttaminibusfimplicibu S> caule medio ventricofo. HaU.Opufc. 

CEPA rupeftrC'radiceturbinatadulciStelleri. Gmel. Flor.Sib. 

1. 64. «. 24. 
CEPA oblonga. Dodon. Pempt. 687. Park. Par. t. 511, 

Kamenoi Luk ^Rock-Onion) et Kalba. Ruffe 

The only, as yet afcertained, native fources of this vegetable 

111CU17, j , . j- Parkinson) are 

(known in our gardens trom tne uay» Siberia 

Siberia and certain deferts- of both Afiatic and European Ruffia. 
But whence it has obtained the name of w Welfh Onion," we 
can form no conjecture. By the Ruffians it is called " Rock 
Onion" or " Stoneleek ;" and is a very favourite article of 
food with them. In this country it feldom finds a place among 
our culinary vegetables ; but is fometimes given to young 
poultry mixed with their other food. The bulb is fmall in pro- 
portion to the reft of the plant ; the fmell and tafte very powerful. 
We do not fee why Willdenow has divided fijlulofum and aU 
talcum into * and |3 ; to us they appear precifely the fame. G. 


No. 1141, 1. i'lj pro " cyathiformi-campanulata" lege u ex cyathiformi- 

campanulata rotato-patente." 
— — — 1. 13* P r <> " alternis carinatis," lege " coftato-carinatis." 


-JMtyT •0*rt t ;*S*G*o &?/<»**£ OcZotmteop. 

C 1231 ] 

Aristea Pusilla. Flat-Stemmed 

-#• $ -&• $ #- 3|C- $ j£- $ * $ # £ $• $ -$• ifHffc 5J5. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. Jupra No. 605. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ARISTEA pufilla ; {planta cefpitofa ; radix fibrofa ,-) foliis in 
quoque fafciculo pluribus, difticho-collateralibus, 
equitantibus, gramineo-anguftatis, lineari-ligulatis, 
obiter plano-convexis, ftriatis, acuminatis, rigid- 
ulis ; caule comprefTo-ancipiti, plano-convexo, fub- 
articulato, ftri&o, ftriato, foliolis 2 — 3 ftipato ; 
fpatha terminali, folitaria (vet modo altera fimili 
feffili axillari paulo infra co/iocata), uni-biflora, 
plurivalvi ; valvis binis extimis herbaceis, grandi- 
oribus, naviculari-conduplicatis, germen adaequan- 
tibus, reliquis minoribus fcariofo-fphacelatis in- 
clufis; pedicellis inclufis ; germine iftis continuo, 
longiori, lineari-prifraatico ; corolla rotato-ex- 
planata, deorfum breviter coar&ata ; laciniis inte- 
rioribus ellipticis, fere dupio latioribus; extimis 
oblongo-lanceolatis; ftaminibuspluries brevioribus, 
breviter adnatis, antherasere&a.sparum divergentes 
fubsequantibus, fafciculato-convergentibus ; ftylo 
his 2 — 3plo altiori, fubclavato-triquetro, crcflo ; 
/tigmatibus cucullatim larainatis, divergemibus, 
ora rotundato-patula, erofulo-dentata. G. 

ARISTEA pufilla. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. 236. 

MOR.EA pufilla. Vhunb. Diff. dcMor.n. 4. Prod. n. IVilld. 
Sp. PL 1. 241. VabL Enum. 2. 154. 

Descr. Herb growing into a tuft; fern 3—7 inches high ; 
leaves generally /horter than this, grafslikc, of a very deep 


blackifh green ; corolla fcentlefs, of a uniform deep blue colour, 
an inch or more in diameter ; filaments whitiih; anthers yellow ; 
ftyle and jligmas deep blue; capfule of the circumference of a 
common quill, an inch and half long, columnar, rounded- 
trigonal, three-furrowed, crowned by the perfiftent hardened 
fpirally-twifted decayed corolla. 

This very rare piant has been in the poffeffion of MefTrs. 
Whitly and Brame of Old-Brompton, for many years 
paft ; but has never bloomed with them till July laft, although 
it has grown luxuriantly in their greenhoufe and formed large 
tufts. Eafily propagated by parting the roots. Native of the 
Cape of Good Hope, where it was found byTHUNBERG; 
but has never before (as far as we can difcover) bloomed or 
even been cultivated in any European garden, or figured in 
any botanical work. G, 

Specierum Enumeratio. 

cyanea. Supra tab, 458. Vahl. Enum. 2. 123. 
pufilla. Supra tab. 1231. (Mor/ea). Vahl I.e. 154. 
melaleuca. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 236. — Ic. Plant. Cap. Cod. 

Bank/ian. (Moria). Vahl. I.e. 153. 
capitata. Supra tab. 605. caerulea. Vahl. I.e. 124. 
fpiralis. Nobis in Ann. cf Bot. I.e. Vahl. I. c. 124. (Mor^a). 
Supra tab, 5.50. G. 



Jfd. £JwarsiirDsZ. 

A$.iyz:a*fiU> j:*£:o:<r r£ hc.rv£ OeZJ.ieoy. 

I [ 1232 ] 

Crinum Erubescens. Blush-Coloured 


C/a/jr awi Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid.fupra No. 1034. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

CRINUM erubefcens ; (umbella pauci-pluriflora) ; foliis lan- 
ceolate*- loratis, margine cartilaginea denticulato- 
ciliata; floribus fubfeffilibus ; tubo quam limbus 
longiori ; laciniis lineari-lanceolatis, planiufculis, 
revoluto-patentibus. G. 

CRINUM erubefcens. Hort. Kew. 1. 413. J acq. Hort. S hoetu 
4. /. 30. Lil. a Redouts, tab. 27. V/illd. Sp. PL 
2. 46. 

CRINUM americanum. (3. Sp. PL 419. 

By Linnaeus, if he really meant the fame plant, this was 
thought to be a variety of Crinum americanum given above, 
No. 1034; by his fon it has been feparated into a diftinft fpecies, 
and fo continued from his manufcript in the Hort us Kewenfis, 
But we doubt if Linn^us had this plant in view. 

A native of Spanifh America. Requires to be kept in the 
hothoufe. Differs chiefly from americanum in the colour of 
the bloom and the cartilaginous toothed edging of the 
leaves. Our drawing was made from a plant in the collection, 
of Meffrs. Whitley and Brame of Old-Brompton. 

Blooms at various feafons. G, 

To the Subfcribers to the Botanical Magazine. 

JL HE Botanical Magazine certainly owes its reputation, 

in great meafure, to the excellence of the figures, nearly the whole 
of which have been executed by Mr. Sydenham Edwards. 

As it has appeared to him that attempts have been repeatedly 
made to deprive hwn of his due (hare of the credit arifing 
from thefe figures, — at one time by reprefenting that a large 
-proportion of them were drawn by Mr. Sowerby,— and at 
another by infinuating that fuch only as have his name 
affixed to them were drawn by Sydenham Edwards, it is 
with pleafure that we comply with his requeft of laying before 
our readers an accurate ftatement of the whole of the figures 
that were not executed by himfelf. 

It appears that twenty-four have Mr. Sowerby s name af- 
fixed to them, but of this number twelve were in reality drawn 
by Mr. Edwards, viz. N 05 18, 23, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 
34, 35, 36, 38, and 43. 

But, in the early volumes, a confiderable number or the 
figures have not the name of the draughtfman affixed. All 
of thefe were drawn by Mr. Edwards, except the nrty-hve 
following, by Mr. Sowerby, viz. N os 1, 4> io» 1A » *7» 28 > 

42, 44, 47> 49> 5<>, 5 1 ' 5*, 5h 55. 5f> 5*> 6l « 6 7' 7* 
72, 76, 79, 80, 85, from 87 to 109 mclulive, 111, 113* 1J 5» 
116, 117, 118, 121. „_ ., , 

The laft mentioned number, which occurs in vol. iv. and 
waspublifhed in June 1790, is the laft figure drawn by Mr, 
Sowerby. All polterior to this (except eight by Mr. Sansum, 
in the fixth volume, to which his name is affixed) were executed 
by Mr. Edwards. f 

From the above ftatement it appears, that or upwards ot 
twelve hundred figures, only fixty-feven were drawn by Mr. 
Sowerby. It muft therefore have arifen from fome ftrange 
mifconception of the faBs, that any friend of his could repre- 
fent him as « the defigner of a targe proportion of the figures 
in the Botanical Magazine." At the fame time we are far 
from thinking, that this eminent botanical draughtfman, who 
needs no fupport but his own acknowledged abilities would 
ever entertain a wife to aiTume to himfelf the credit due to a 

brother artift. . . , ^ . f 

We take this opportunity of ftaung that the Colouring of 
this- work has, from its commencement, been conduded by 
Mr. William Graves, Newtngton Butts. 

C *233 ] 

Lotus Odoratus. Sweet-Scented 
Birds-Foot Trefoil. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character, 

Legumen cylindricum, ftri£tum. Filam. cuneiformia. Al<£ 
furfum longitudinaliter conniventes. Cal. tubulofus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOTUS odoralus ; (hirfutus) capitulis dimidiatis, bra&eis 
monophyllis, ftipulis ovatis folioliformibus, legurai- 
nibus ftrictis fubtorulofis mucronatis. 

LOTUS odoratus. Donn Hort. Cant. 173 .<? 

This plant bears confiderable affinity to Lotus comiculatus, 
but is much more hairy in every part, efpecially the calyx, 
which is deeper divided, with long awl-1haped fegments. 
Bratte generally one-leaved. Legumens ftraight, very patent, 
fomewhat torulofe, and terminated by the rigid perfiftent ftyle. 
Peduncles twice the length of the leaves. Stems frutefcent. 

The flowers, which are deep yellow fometimes ftreaked with 
red, are very fweet-fcented, fomething like violets or orris 
root, and continue in fucceffion through the fummer. 

It is alfo very like the Lotus parviflora of Desfontaines, 
but this laft is an annual plant with fmaller flowers. We 
fuppofe our plant to be the fame with the Lotus odoratus of 
Donn, though he has marked it as annual, which ours is not. 
Received from Mr. Loddiges, who raifed it feveral years 
fince from feeds fent to him from Vienna, under the name 
we have adopted, and faid to be a native of Barbary. 

Propagated by feeds, which it ripens with us. Is chiefly 
valuable for its agreeable fcent. 


.i.iv.T.&rK,. S* ffu>- GfTo** 


JFkti iyT Ct^UJ- J~*Ge.o Ot/^**H Oct/ J8Cij JFi/h} 

C *2 3 4 J 

Stapelia Vetula. Dingy-Flowered 


$ % # i j t ) j t $ # frft %$ frfrf fr $ # 

Oafs and Order, 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Charafler. 
Contorta. Neclar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA vetula; ramis pluribus ereftis tetragonis glabris, 
angulis dentatis, dentibus apice incurvatis, co- 
rolla plana glabra quinquefida, laciniis lanceo- 
latis obtufis. Majfon. Stap. p. 15. n. 16. /. 16. 

STAPELIA vetula. Willd. Spec. PL 1. 1291. Martyn Mill. 
DiR. n. 38. 

Willdenow, who, in this genus, without feeing the plants 
himfelf, has changed all the fpecific phrafes of Masson, 
chielly from the figures, is often unfortunate in his aflumed 
characters ; fo in this inftance he has expe&ed to diftinguifh 
the fpecies by the laciniae of the flowers being three-nerved, 
which in our fpecimen were obfcurely five-nerved. 

It has great affinity with Stapelia gemmifiora of Masson, 
but the corolla is not ciliated as in that. Communicated by 
Mr. Loddiges. Requires the fame treatment as the reft of 
the genus. 


C *2 3 5 ] 



Oafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal. 2-labiatus : labio fuperiore bifido retufo. Legumen 
pedicellatum, compreffum, margine utroque incrafTatum, [intus 
fpongiofum, multiloculare,] polyfpermum. Smith. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

BOSSI./EA fcolopendria ; ramis compreflis alatis dentatis 
denudatis foliis ovato - ellipticis. Smith 
in Tranf. Lin. foe. v. 9. p. 303. 

PLATYLOBIUM fcolopendrium. Venten. Malm- 55. 

PLATYLOBIUM fcolopendrum. Bot. Repof. 191. v 

In the feedling plant the ftalk is rounded and clothed with 
alternate leaves, at firft orbicular, afterwards oval, and finally 
wedge fhaped, upon fhort petioles jointed at both ends, but as 
the plant grows the leaves fall off and no more are afterwards 
produced : the branches become broad and flat with alternate 
indentations along the margin, of a black colour, from ihefe 
the flowers afterwards come out folitarily upon fhort peduncles, 
which have from three to five awl-fhaped brafles. The calyx 
is bilabiate : upper lip broad, very obtufe, emarginate, the teeth 
quite divaricate : lower lip 3-toothed, teeth lanceolate. G rotla 
papilionaceous : vexillum 2-lobed, reflexed, internally of a 
purplifh yellow colour, with a bright yellow fpot bordered with 
Fed at the bafe ; externally chiefly red, with a lunar-fhaped 
greeniln yellow fpot. Ala fhorter than vexillum, reddifh with 
bronze tips. Carina very fhort, truncated, united at the tip 
into one petal. Stamens diadelphous 1 and 9 Germen linear : 
Jlyle reflexed : Jiigma villous. Legumen large comprefled, with 
both margins thickened and rounded, one celled. Seeds feveral 
attached by longifh pedicles to the upper margin. 


Bossijea and Platylobium are, as we have before 
obferved (No. 1144) very nearly allied; and unfortunately 
Dr. Smith's principal generic character, derived from the 
Legumen, does not hold true ; confifting, in this fpecies at leaft, 
of one cell, perfe&ly free from every fort of divifion, and 
only differing from that of Platylobium formofum t in having 
both margins thickened and the want of any wings. 

We are however inclined to believe that the genera are really 
diftin& ; for all the fpecies of Boffiaea have alternate leaves with 
articulated petioles without very evident or permanent ftipules : 
whilft the leaves of Platylobium are oppofite with ftipules longer 
than the petiole. 

Native of New Holland, and is a rather hardy greenhoufe 
fhrub. Is propagated by feeds, but not eafily in any other way. 

Our drawing was made from a very fine living fpecimen com- 
municated by Mr. Loddiges, with whom this fhrub fometime^ 
produces perfect feeds. 


^A.biv /*A»*r/'Ai 

[ 1236 ] 

Myrtus Pimenta, var.a. Longifolia. 
Long-Leaved Pimento. 

4 $ ij uE # % i | t i ♦ ♦ ♦ t ♦ %$ $ $ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, fuperus. PetaJa 5. Bacca 2 f. 3-locularis po~ 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

MYRTUS Pimenta i floribus trichotomo-paniculatis, foliis 

oblongo-lanceolatis. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 160. Mart. 

Mill. Dicl. n. 36. 
MYRTUS Pimenta ; foliis alternis. Spec. PL 676. Willd. 2. 

973. Rcichard 2. 480. Swartz ObJ. 202. 
MYRTUS caiycibus abfque appendiculis. Hort. Cliff. 501. 
MYRTUS Pimento. G<ertn. Fru8. 185. /. 38. 
MYRTUS arborea aromatica, foliis laurinis. SloaneJam.\6i. 

Hiji. 2. p. 76. /. 191./. 1. 
CARYOPHYLLUS foliis oblongo-ovatis glabris alternis, ra- 

cemis terminalibus et lateralibus. Browne Jam. 

247- . . 

CARYOPHYLLUS aromaticus americanus, lauri acuminata 

foliis, fruau orbiculari. Pink. Aim. 88. /. 155. 


PIPER jamaicenfe. Blackw. t. 355. 

BAY-BERRY- TREE. Hughes Barbad. p. 145. /. 10*. fig. 

AMOMUM quorundam odore Caryophylli. Chif. Exot. lib. 1. 
c. 17. Baub. Hi/}. 2. p. 194. cum fig. Clufiana. 
Raii Hiji. 1 507. 

MYRCIA Pimento ,• foliis oppofitis oblongo-lanceolatis flori- 
bus trichotomo-paniculatis. Solandcr MSS. apud 
a. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis : acumine obtufo, 

p. foliis ovalibus obtufis. 

Linn i 

LiNNitus appears to have been deceived by the examina- 
tion of dried fpecimens, when he fuppofed that the leaves of 
this tree were alternate : their natural fituation is undoubtedly 
oppofite, though it fometimes happens towards the extremities 
of the branches, and efpecially in fuch moots as are made after 
the branches have been cut off, that the leaves deviate more 
or lefs from a directly oppofite pofition, yet, ftill the approxi- 
mation of the pairs mows their natural tendency to being op- 

It was chiefly on account of the double calyx that Dr. So- 
lan der feparated this fpecies from the genus Myrtus, but 
Swartz in his Obfervationes remarks, that feveral fpecies 
have this inferior calyx ; but it is not, he fays, fufficient to 
feparate them from the reft, being more of the nature of a 
bra6tea than a calyx. In the flower this fuppofed inferior 
calyx is fo minute as not to be obfervable, but perhaps in- 
creafes in the fruit. 

The dried fruit of this tree is imported in large quantities 
from the Weft-India iflands, and fold in the fhops under the 
name of Allspice or Jamaica Pepper. 

The figure in Hughes's hiftory of Barbadoes is a very good 
reprefentation of our plant, though referred by Martyn in his 
edition of Miller's dictionary to Myrtus acris j and confidered 
even by Browne as a' diftinci fpecies. But Dr. Sol an der 
was of opinion that the latter author might, after his return to 
England, accommodate his figure and defcription to the Lin- 
nean character. There is however fome difficulty ftill re- 
maining to be cleared up refpefting Myrtus acris of Swartz, 
the caryophyllata of [acquin ; for the latter author ex- 
prefsly fays, that the fruit contains feven or eight feeds ; whereas 
figure 3 of plate 155 of Plurenet, referred to both by 
Jacouin and Swartz, is defcribed and figured as containing 
two feeds only. In our opinion it really reprefents variety (3 
of M y r t u s Pimcnta. 

The Allspice of our fhops is a round fruit varying much 
in fize, but in the larger ones, which alone approach to ma- 
turity, we have generally found^.two diftinft cells, with one 
hemifpherical feed in each. 

The frefli leaves are pleafanter to the tafte than the dried 
berries, and abound with a highly aromatic effential oil, which 
appears in innumerable pellucid dots. 

Is propagated by layers. Our drawing was taken from a 
fine flowering plant in Mr. Vere's ftove in May. 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirtieth Volume are alphabeti- 
cally arranged. 


1203 4l\llium Chamz-Moly. 

1230 ■ — — — fiftulofum. 

j 222 Vi&orialis. 

1221 Aquilegia hybrida. 

1231 Ariftea pufilla. 

1196 Arnica Bellidiaftrum. 

1197 Aucuba japonica. 

1 235 Boffiaea fcolopendria. 

1213 Collinfonia anifata. 

1228 Convolvulus canarienfis. 

1232 Crinum erubefcens. 
1201 Damafonium indicum. 

1205 Dianthus alpinus. 
j 204 ■ ■■' ■ petraeus. 

j 199 Epacris pungens, <var. rubra, 

1214 Erica Thunbergii. 

1215 Fritiliaria Imperialis (/3). 

1207 latifolia («). 

1216 racemofa (a). 

1200 Gagea iutea. 

1208 Gaiaxia ovata («). 

1229 Gentiana feptemfida. 

1198 Glycine Apios. 
1277 Haemanthus toxicarius. 

1218 Hibbertia groffulariaefolia. 

1223 Hypcxis ftellata (0). 

1209 ^ r ' s P um ^ a * cvar l utea< 

1210 Leucojum seftivum. 

1233 Lotus odoratu?. 

1206 Magnolia auriculata. 

1220 Melembry anthem um denfum. 

1211 Mirbelia reticulata. 
1236 Myrtus Pimenta. 

1224 Pancratium Amancaes. 

1219 Primula intermedia. 
1227 Stapelia campanulata. 

1234 vetula. 

1212 Struthiola pubefcens. 

1192 Tradefcantia difcolor. 

1225 Trichonema rcfeum. 
120? Tulip* fylveftris. 

1226 Verbafcum cupreum 
1195 Watlonia hurmlis (£). 
1194 — meriana (y.) 

1 193 rofeo-alba (£). 


In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirtieth Volume are alphabeti- 
cally arranged. 


1231 Ariftea, flat-ftemmed. 

1196 Arnica, daify-leaved. 

1 1 97 Aucuba, Japan. 

1228 Bindweed,'' Canary. 

1 233 Birds-footTrefoil,fweet-fcented. 

1235 Bofliaea, flat-ftemmed. 

1213 Collinfonia, Anife-fcented. 

1221 Columbine, two- coloured. 

1232 Crinum, blufh-coloured. 
1215 Crown-impe;ial, yellow. 
1201 Damafonium, Eaft- Indian. 

1199 Epacris, red-flowered, pungent. 

1209 Flag, yellow dwarf. [leaved. 
1220 Fig-marigold, great bearded- 

1207 Fritillary, largelt broad-leaved. 
12 ib oriental. 

1200 Gagea, yellow. 

1208 Gaiaxia, large flowered. 

1203 Garlic, baftard. 

1222 ■ -long-rooted. 

1229 Gentian, crefted. 

1198 Glycine, tuberous- rooted. 

1217 Hasmanrhus, fan-leaved, or 


1214 Heath, globular-tubed. 

1218 Hibbertia, goofeberry-leaved. 

1223 Hypoxis, white- flowered ftar. 
1206 Magnolia, ear-Jeaved. 

1211 Mirbelia, nettedJeaved. 

1226 Mullein, copper flowered. 

1230 Onion, Welfli. 

1224 Pancratium, golden. 

1236 Pimento, long-leaved. 
1205 Pink, alpine. 

1204 rock. 

1219 Primrofe, Siberian Bird's-eye. 

1210 Snow-flake, fummer. 
1192 Spiderwort, purple-leaved. 

1227 Stapciia, bell-flowered. 

1 234 dingy-flowered. 

1212 Struthiola, long tubed. 

1225 Trichonema, rofe-coloured. 

1194 Tube-rofe, fcarlet, T.Watfonia. 
1202 Tulip, wild. 

1195 Watfonia, larger lake- coloured. 
H94 largeft Merian's, or 

fcarlet Tube-rofc. 
11 93 ' variegatedlong- tubed. 

Printed by S, Couchmin, Throjmorton-Strcct, London,