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Botanical Magazine; 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN which 
The moll Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Oafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

O ! Fleurs qui tant dc fois avez fervi I'amour, 
Votre fein virginal le reffent a fon tour. 

Oui Vous n'ignorez pas les humaines dclices, 

Vainement la pudeur, au fond des vos eslices, 
Cacha de vos plaifirs le charme clandeftin ; 
Les zephirs, percuffeurs du foir et du matin, 
Les zephirs les ont vus, ct leur voix fortunees 
Raconte aux verts bofquets votre aimable hymenee. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by H. D. Symonds, No. 20, Paternofter - Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


[ io6o ] 

Wachendorfia Thyrsiflora. Tall- 
Flowering Wachendorfia. 

C/^/} <z«i Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, fubbilabiato-rotata, refupinata, 
parum inaequalis, bafi utrinque appendiculo canaliculato 
(fiphunculo?J mellifluo breviter calcarata. Stam. affurgenter- 
declinata, porre£lim divergentia. Stylus elongato-fetaceus, 
obliquatus, partim perfiftens. Cap/, trilocularis, membranacea, 
velata, acute lobatim triquetra, lobis compreflis ; 3-vatvis val- 
vulis feptigeris. Sent, unum in quoque loculo cujus interno 
angulo affixum. G. 

Obs. Radix rhizoma folido-carnofum, in unafpecie crajje et fiaiiej 'center 
fibrofum cafpitcfimque Jloloniferum cum herla percnnante, in ahis vera 
maffa a morpha tuberoides annue rencvata, jrfpe camp' ejp cylindnco-produtla 

y atque membranis tenuijjimis fquamatim circinata ; folia radicalia, dflicho- 
enfata, palmoideo-plicata, deorfum petichideo-arclata, condupiicanter equi- 
tantia, vaginantia ; caulis ereclus, cavus, centralis, paniculato-rucemojia, 

' foliolis vagis fphacelatis dijjito-fqnamatus ; racemi pedicellique bracleati ; 

' corolla ephemera, juccejfiva, cotumnariter et tortim tmurcejccns. extus pti- 
bejcens, prajertim ad laciniam medium, qua, daudente fore, reliquas cir- 
cumpleclitur partes ; feinina ex rotundis varie preffa et product 'a , msdo 
moliiter hir/uta, modo paptlloje fcabrata, mado Jubglabra. G. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

WACHENDORFIA thyrfiflora rhizomate caefpitofim ftolo- 

nifero, elongato-hbrofo, cioceo j foliis 
perennantibus, laminislanctolatis, longe 
acuminatis, nudis ; caule paniculato- 
racemofo, villofo ; racemulis parum 
divergentibus, fubtrifloris. G. 

WACHENDORFIA thyrfiflora. Burm. Monogr. 2. /. 2. 

Nov del. n. 6. 1. Obf. 50. /. 2. /. 1. 
Linn. Syfl. Veg. 94. Thunb. Prod. FL 
cap. 12. Hort.Kw. 1.75. Gosrtn. Sem. 
et Frittl. 1. 52. tab. 15 /. 4. Willd. 
Sp. PI 1.248. Vahl Emtm. 2. 163. 
Mill. Diet, ed. 7. Add. 


Descr. Root/lock flefhy, caefpitofely floloniferous, faffron- 
coloured, having very long flefhy Ample fibre s ; leaves perennial, 
many, diftichly enfiform, naked, 2 — 3 times fhorter than flem, 
upwards lanceolate, far- acuminate, deeply plicate, downwards 
petiolately narrowed, convolute, equitant, fheathing, not plicate ; 
jlem 3 — 4 feet high, upright, brownifh, villofe, geniculately flex- 
uole, fheathed at every bend by a fingle fphacelate villous leaflet, 
terminated by an oblong paniculately compound clofifh raceme 
of three-flowered, diltant, partial racemes, which, as well as the 
pedicles, have bracles fimilar to the ftem-leaflets only fmaller ; 
pedicles fhorter than the diameter of the flower ; corolla deep 
yellow, pubefcent outwards, perfiftent, hexapetaloufly divided, 
refupinate, fubbilately rotate, but flightly unequal, turbinately 
narrowed at the bafe for a little way ; fegmcnts cuneate-oblong, 
with a fhort mucro ; the three forming the upper-lip, are not 
divided entirely to the bafe, but cohere, are upright, and con- 
verge; of thefe the middle is the outer, as well as narroweft, 
has a brown tinge on the outfide, where it is likewife very 
villous ; the three forming the larger-lip are parted quite to 
their bafe, of thefe the two fide ones are parabolic and diva- 
ricately diftich, the middle one hangs diftincl: and is the 
broadeit of the fix ; the fork of the divifion of the two lips is car- 
ried on on each fide by two fmall channelled fpouts or gutters 
as far down as the pedicle, whence a honied liquor is difcharged, 
and the flower appears bicalcarate at the bafe ;• filaments fub- 
uiately filiform, fhorter than corolla, Handing between the 
germen and difk of the corolla, affurgently deflected, divergent, 
pointing forwards ; anthers brownifh-yellow, oblong, incum- 
bent ; jlyle about the length and fhape of filaments, inclining 
laterally beyond them ; jligma fimple ; germen fuperior, fmall, 
turbinately round, triquetral, villofe ; capfule veiled, mem- 
branous, cordately roundifh, fharply or fubalately triquetral, 
fubtrilobate, terminated by the femiperfiftent ftyle ; feeds one 
in each cell, dark brown, obovate, or from round narrowed 
downwards, flightly compreffed, fhaggy with pliable chaffy 
excrefcencies, fixed by a fhort umbilical cord to the internal 
angle of each cell. The flowers are ephemeral ; fcentlefs ; 
fucceflive; fmaller than thofe of either paniculata or hirfuta. G. 

From the Cape of Good Hope ; now common in our 
greenhoufes, where it thrives with little care ; flowers about 
July. Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Lee and Ken- 
nedy's. Introduced by Mr. P. Miller, in 1755. 



T Cwto PGti Crjtmt J/„ji»* 7 


C 1061 ] 


Clafs and Order* 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N ou 593, 613, &? 695, uti et 
Annals of Botany t v. 1. p. 238. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. — See above. No. 1012. 

MORjEA ciliata. Vid. Jupra No. 1012. 
(j3) corolla cgerulefcens; bra&ea villofa. G.-— Ic picl. plants 
capens. Cod. Bank/, cum exempt* in Herb. 

This variety, as well as the former, was imported from the 
Cape of Good Hope, by MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, in whofe 
collection at Hammerfmith it flowered this fummer. 

We have already defcribed the fpecies in the above-quoted 
number. Some of the leaves as well as the fpathe or bra&e are 
often pubefcent on the outfide as well as at the edges, G. 

S* CuOtfcent .Viy i rloj 

[ 1062 ] 

Helonias Lutea. Spiked-Flowering 

«!» «!» >L» jk. *£».>'<. >'«. A. rk. «ls. jJt. A A. >'* yz. >'t. A A >'*. 
•>{«' VjT'ij* ?{f vj» "VjT ijr sjc i}r v,>r vp" v,<? ^j' v,v >,< v,-» - »,-» •,» *,<* 

C/4/5 a»</ Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide N m - 985. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS lutea; foliis radicalibus plurimis, ambientibus, 
lanceolato-obovatis, fubplicato-nervofiv recum- 
bentibus, caule triplo brevioribus, caulinis Ian- 
ceolatis, diffitis ; racemo fpicato, fimpliciffimo, 
caudatim product o, laxo, denfo. G. 

VERATRUM luteum. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 902. Hort. Kew. 3. 
422. mild. Sp. PI. 4. 897. 

VERATRUM racemo fimpliciffimo. Gron. Virg. 2. 158. Mill. 
Dift. 3. ed. 7. 

RESEDA foliis lanceolatis caule fimpliciffimo. Gron. Virg. 1. 


A native of Virginia, Canada, and other parts of North- 
America, where, according to Miller, who cultivated it in 
1759, it is fometimes called " Rattle-Snake-Root." The 
rootftock is fometimes cylindrical^ elongated foraconfiderable 
depth under ground, at' others it has the appearance of a fmall 
round tuber. A hardy but fcarce plant; blooms in July. 
Our drawing was taken from a plant in Mr. Salisbury's 
Botanic Garden, Brompton. The flowers can fcarcely be faid 
to be yellow until quite dry, and we fufped the fpecific name 
was given by Lihnjeus from a dried fpecimen. G. 


No. 985, lb. 10. pro « triroftris" lege •« tiiroftre.* 


Aft?***, S'Ce.Crf««l #.,, no ? j, SmJitn Smf 

[ 1063 ] 

Ophiopogon Japonicus. Japan 


•$fci$r$$r$$r$$r*& >•,*• vfr SfJ - i$r }£• 5^ vjf" >j» ■ vjr Sj»- <J5* 

C/tf/> <z«d Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. femifupera, rigens, hexapetalo-partita, rotata, regu- 
laris, aequalis, perfiftens. Antb. m ger nen fubfefliles fagit- 
tatim fubuiais, ftylum comp itlim ftipantes- Stylus lubulato- 
pyramidaius, trigonus, ftri&tffimus. Stigm. fimplex hujus 
cufpis Germ cum corolla toto tuibinatim concreta. Bi< a 
aquofo-pulpofa, oblongo-rotunda, (abortu ?) unilocularis. Sjm. 
unum cartilagineum loculi cavitati conforme. G. 

Obs. E China et Japonia. Planta herbacea, cafpitofa, perennis, fub- 

fpithamaa ; radix repens, fibras promittens verju\ finem tuhtnfo~*od fas ; 

folia pcrennia, radicalia, ambienter-tafc'uulata, numtrfa, lineana. an- 

gu/ia, ftriSiiufcula, flriata, obtufula, intus CMcaviufeule, deorfum cra£hra t 

angujlata, convolutim compafia, utrinque membrana jphacelata jurjumdiuque- 

Jcenfe alata, furjum recumbenter divergentia ; fc'dpus centralis, anctptts- 

companatus, lis duplo brevior ; mRorefcenxiafpicato-racemofa, ex racernults 

\—b-fioris, fafciculatis, perque hracleas communes carjnatas acuminata! 

eohibitis; pedicelli un'<flori y aggregati, pribus concolores'horumque diametro 

breviores ; corolla caruleo-albican^ nutans; laciniis obLngiuJcuus, obtu- 

Jatis, fruclui accumbentia ; fcacca fubvioiacea, pift mafns magnitudiru, 

pellucida, fplendens fvitreo globulo amula. Dulcamaras fruclui pmlit 

Ksempf.) femen (oculo pifcis proxirnam fimilttudinem referens Kanipf.) 

(odore alliaceo Thunb.) Differ! CunVAUAPIa^ corollam fern fuperam, 

per germen iflius ima parte toto connatum ; per antbera* germintj"bwjidentes, 

perjligma quod hie eft merafiyli cufpis ; per herba atqw radicis habitum. 

Nomenex cQig* %wyuv y planta ipfa Japanenfium lingua vernacula M Rjuno 

" Fige," i. e. " Barba frpentina" dicta. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

OPHIOPOGON japonicus. G. 

CONVALLARIA japonica ((3.) Thunh. Flor. Jap. 140 linn. 

Sy/t. Veg. Murr. 334. Suppl. 204. Hort. 

Kew. 1. 455. Wilid. Sp. PL 2. 160 Lit. 

a Redoute 2. t. 80. Desfont. in Ann. dtt 

MuL ann. 5, cab. t. p* 45* 


MONDO et Biakf Mondo, vulgo Riuno Fige, Siogei Fige, 
Jamafuje et Sogaii. Kampf. Am. Exot. Fafc. 5. p. 
823. tab. p. 824. MSS.fig.^. 

In the work above quoted, K^mpfer has given both an 
excellent figure and defcription of this vegetable, which we there j 
learn is a native of Japan and of China, where it is known by 
a name correfponding with " Snakefbeard ;" that it ferves for| 
edging to flower-borders, and that the tuberous knots which 
grow on the fibres of the root are preferved in fugar and ufed 

Thunberg found it growing among fhrubs in fhady places 
near Naga Saki in the Ifland of Japan. Introduced into Kew| 
Gardens, by Mr. Gr^efer, in 1784. Blooms in June. A! 
hardy greenhoufe plant; we have no doubt but that it would; 
grow in the open air full as well. 

Our drawing was made at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Gibbs, 
Old-Brompton. Probably Con v all aria fpicata> from the 
fame regions, is a congener of this. G. 


iU£r£&fe St Sm&fi.nt M,;. isy. 

TSan/-0,n. Seulf.. 

C 1064 ] 


■» » $ f $ ft » fr $ ft & fe-%4 » $ ft g . » 

C/<z/jr <37?i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Contorta. Volliculi 2, longi, re£li. &?/#. pappofa. Cor. in- 
fundibuliformis, fauce nuda. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

ECHITES Juberecla ,- pedunculis multifloris, corollis cylin- 
draceis extus hirfutis, fo!iis fubovatis mucronatis 
fubtus pubefcendbus. Swartz. ObJ. 104. Willd, 
Sp. PL 1. 1238. 

ECHITES Juberecla. Linn. Sp. Pi 307. Reich. 1. />. 596. //or/. 
Tfc^. 1. 298. Jacq. Amer.%2. I. 26. Mart. Mill. 
Ditl. n. 3. 

NERIUM ? 2. farmentofum, foliis nitidis ovatis venofis, pe- 
dunculis longis ramofis, floribus fauce ampliatis. 
Browne Jam. 180. 

APOCYNUM ereftum fruticofum, flore luteo maximo et 
fpeciofiffimo. Shane Jam. 89. Hift. 1. p. 206. /. 
130. /. 2. Rait Hift. 3. p. 536. 

((3). corollis foliifque laevibus. 

This plant has been defcribed by J acq u in, and more fully 
by Swartz in his Objervaliones ; but neither of thefe authors 
have remarked the lingular manner in which the footftalk of 
the leaf is inferted into the branch, through the medium of a 
kind of glandular ftipule. 

Jacquin fays the anthers are tiaftate, but Swartz more 
corre&ly defcribes the filaments as fagittate, and the anthers, 


■which are affixed to the point of the arrow, as long and linear : 
thefe are curioufly interlaced in a fort of net-work round the 
ftigma, enclofing it, as it were, in a cage. 

The Item is too weak to fupport itfelf. The flowers are 
large and fhewy ; and in this variety not villous on the outfide. 
The whole plant abounds with a milky juice, which is faid to 
be very poifonous to horfes and cattle. Native of the favannas 
in Jamaica and St. Domingo, and alfo of dry heaths expofed 
to the fea-winds. Requires the heat of the bark ftove. Flowers 
■with us in July and Auguft. Cultivated by Miller in 1759. 

Our drawing was made fome years fince at MefTrs. Whit- 
ley and Brame's, Old-Brompton. We received it alfo this 
fummer, very finely in flower, from Mr. Loddiges, of 


AkhT.Cu&j Jf&M 5efu»t N*-i. 



Sanfim 2'. 

C io^5 ] 

Polygonum Crispulum (a). Curled 


■ $♦♦$$♦&$♦♦♦ $ j j i 4» ♦ •♦ 

C/^/> #//</ Order. 


Generic CharaRer. 
Cal. 5-partitus, perfiftens. Cor. o. Sem. angulare. 

i Specific Char after and Synonym. 

POLYGONUM crifpulum s (atraphaxoide) caule fruticofo, 
foliis petiolatis glabris obovatis mucronulatis : 
margine crifpulo revoluto, ftipulis biariftatis. 

«. ramis inermibus. 

/3. ramis fpinofis. 

ATRIPLEX orientalis, frutex aculeatus flore pulchro. Dill. 
Elth. 47. t. 40. /. 47. 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, with an afh-coloured, fibrous bark; 
branches ereft knotted ; Jfipules fheathing the ftem, lanceolate, 
awned. Leaves alternate, obovate, obtufe, with a fhort mucro : 
margin undulated and reflexed, one-nerved, veined, fmooth, 
narrowed at the bafe and terminating in a petiole, a quarter 
the length of the whole leaf, fometimes much longer. Flowers 
in long racemes, nodding. Bracles chaffy. Peduncles filiform, 
feveral times longer than the bra&es, two or three from the 
fame point. Calyx five-cleft, perfiftent : two outer fegments 
fmalleft, refle&ed, three inner ones corolla-like, larger, orbi- 
cular, undulated, patent. Filaments eight, dilated at the bafe, 
perfiftent, attached to the bafe of the calyx. Germen three- 
cornered : Jlyle none : Jligmas three, globular, fpongy, united 
at the bafe, and therefore perhaps ftri&ly one, three-lobed. 
Seed one, large, black, three-cornered, enclofed in the per- 
fiftent inner fegments of the calyx, changed from a while to a 
red colour. 


From a careful companion of many fpecimens with the 
defcriptions and figures of authors, we cannot but fufpeft: that 
different fpecies have been confounded, under the name of 
Polygonum frutefcens> and that this circumitance led the 
late L'Heketier to confider the Atraphaxis fpinofa as 
a diftinft fpecies, notwithstanding the obfervations of Pallas 
and Willich. The fpecies defcribed and figured by Dil- 
lenius, we think, is evidently only a variety of the one here 
reprefented, though the Atraphaxis//)/'//^ of L'Heretier 
(the fame with Polygon v>vi frutefcens of Pallas, as we judge 
from the fpecimens) appears to be diltinct. Moft of the fyno- 
nyms ufually quoted to PoLYC-oNUM/ra/^w, feem to us to 
belong to a fpecies different from either of thefe, on which 
account we have not ventured to adduce any of them here, 
except that of Dillenius. Linnaeus himfelf feems to have 
been very undecided whether to call the parts of the flower 
in this genus calyx or corolla : in the Genera Plantarum the 
former term is ufed, in the Syjiema the latter. At firft fight, 
the two outer reflexed fegments might pafs for the calyx, the 
three inner ones for the corolla ; but a more careful invefti- 
gation fhows that thefe parts grow firmly together at the bafe, 
are equally perfiltent, and increafe with the growth of the 
fruit, characters more appropriate to a calyx than a corolla. 

Native of Siberia; communicated by Mr. Loddiges. Is 
confidered as hardy, but is belt preferved under a frame in 
the winter months. Flowers in July. 

r„rhr ff do Crefoenl N~,v 1 I80J 

Sji$b**lrJ)d. FSanfomSaJp. 

[ io66 ] 
Melia Azedarach. Common Bead-Tree. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-dentatus. Petala 5. Neclarium cylindraceum, den- 
tatum, fauce antheras gerens. Drupa nuce 5 — 6-loculari. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MELIA Azedarach; foliis bipinnatis. Fl. Zeyl. 162. Sp. PL 

550. Reich. 2. Gron. Orient. 133. Kniph. Cent. 2. 

n. 44. Gzt>. DiJ. 7. 363. /. 207. Mart. Mill. Dift. n. 1 . 
MELIA foliis decompofitis. Hort. Cliff. 161. 
AZEDARACH. Dod. Pempt. 848. Bum. Zeyl. 40. flm//. 

Lugd.652. Raii H'tjl. 1546. Park. Herb. 144$. 
ARBOR fraxini folio, flore caeruleo. Bauh. Pin. 415. 
PSEUDO-SYCAMORUS. Cam.Epit. 181. /fcr*. 103. /. 2. 

fig. bona. 
AZADIRACHTA indica, foliis ramofis minoribus, flore albo 

fubcaeruleo purpurafcente majore. Comm. Hort. 1. 
P- 147- '• 76. 
ZIZYPHA Candida. Ger. 1306./. 1. Emac. 1491. /. U 

Profefibr Swartz, in his Olfervationes> has feparated the 
fempervirens, confidering it as a diftinft fpecies, in which he 
has been followed by Willdenow and Martyn ; but we 
cannot find any marks by which they can be diftinguifhed ; 
tnofe that have been offered, certainly will not hold. The 
plant from which our drawing was made is of the deciduous 
*md, yet it flowered the third year from feed, imported from 
America, and therefore is moft probably the fame with the 
one defcribed by Swartz, Befides, if the Syrian plant be 


really different, yet this is the original one defcribed by 
Linn-eus in his Flora Zeylanua^ and is the fpecies known in 
our gardens as the Melia Azedarach ; the fame plant being 
deciduous in the greenhoufe, and evergreen if kept in the ftove. 
Few plants, as it appears, have a wider range, being found in 
North and South-America, and in the Eaft and Weft-Indies, 
as well as in Syria. Is common, by cultivation, in all the 
Southern parts of Europe, where the nuts are threaded for 
beads, to affift the devotion of good Catholics, for which pur- 
pofe they are peculiarly fuited, having a natural perforation 
through the centre ; hence the tree has been called arbor 
Jantia and by the Spaniards arbol parajfo. Flowers all the 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic-Garden, 


Del. U+hly'I " Curlij ■'•" Cto Cr^fcent Z>« 2.1607. 

J? San font Jcidv 

[ 1067 ] 

Convolvulus Erubescens. Maiden- 
Blush Bindweed. 

C/o/j <zW Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char ail er. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. G?£/I 2-locuIaris : 
loculis difpermis. 

Specific Character. 

CONVOLVULUS erubefcens ; foliis cordato-fagittatis poftice 
finuato-repandis, pedunculis axillaribusfo- 
litariis fubbifloris, cauie volubili. 

Descr; Root biennial ? Stem herbaceous, rounded, 
twining. Leaves oblong, cordate-fagittate, fometimes obtufe, 
fometimes acute, hind lobes recurved, repand-finuate : Pe- 
tiole nearly the length of the leaf, channelled on the upper 
fide. Peduncles axillary, folitary, longer than the leaf, more 
generally two-flowered, furnifhed with two minute braclcs t 
nearly oppofite, diftant from the flower. Calyx 5-parted, per- 
fiftent ; Jegments nearly equal, two external ones embracing 
the others. Corolla fmall, funnel-fhaped, flefh-coloured, mar- 
gin five-lobed : lobes obtufe with a fafcia broad below, nar- 
rowed to a point upwards, and hairy on the outfide. Stamens 
five ; filaments equal to the tube, inferted below the germen. 
Anthers ovate, 2-lobed, flefh-coloured : pollen white. Germen 
°vate, white, fmooth, feated on a yellow glandular fubltance. 
Style longer than ftamens : Jligmas two, truncate. Capfule 
globular, fmooth, upper half naked, crowned with the per- 
fiftent ftyle, large in proportion to the flower, two-celled, with 
two feeds in each cell. The two feeds fo completely fill the cell, 
l hat a tianfverfe fedion of the unripe fruit appears at firit fight 


to be four-celled, but when more carefully examined, is found 
to be only two-celled. Seeds convex on the one part and 
angular on the other. When ripe, but not hardened, the 
green embryo is eafily feparated, with its cotyledons curioufly 
folded up, like the chryfalis of a butterfly in its fhell, as is 
common to the genus. (Cotyledones foliacea chryfaloideo-con- 
toriuplicatte. Gjert.) 

We received this pretty Convolvulus, a native of New South- 
Wales, in June 1806, from Mr. Loddiges. It continued in 
bloffom through the fummer, and perfected its feeds, by which 
it may be propagated very readily. 

&E*~t,lH .***,*&**# ft. sywiw., , 


[ io68 ] 

Physalis Edulis. Eatable Physalis, or 
Cape Gooseberry. 

Clafs and Order J 


Generic Charatler. 

CaL 5-fidus. Cor. rotata, 5-fida. Aniherce conniventes. Bacca 
intra calycem inflamm. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

PHYSALIS edulis ; pubefcens, caule frutefcente nodofo, 
foliis geminis cordatis acutis et integerrimis et 
undulato-finuatis, floribus fru&ibufque pendulis. 

PHYSALIS pubefcens \ caule angulato, foliis cordatis dentato- 
angulatis, floribus fruclibufque pendulis. Flor. 
Peruv. vol. 2. p. 41. 

PHYSALIS pubefcens. Sp.Pl.262r 

PHYSALIS peruviana ; pubefcens, foliis cordatis integerri- 
mis. Sp. PL 1670 ? 

ALKEKENGI virginianum fru&u luteo, vulgo Capuli. Feuillie 
Hi/I. des Plant es Medic, p. 5. /. 1. 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, obfoletely angular, branched : 
branches fubdichotomous, ere&, fucculent, knotted at the exit 
01 the leaves. Leaves petiolated, ufually growing by pairs, 
but not oppofite, one always fmaller than the other, cordate, 
J^uie, -rugofe, fometimes quite entire, fometimes undulate- 
wnuate or unequally toothed. Peduncles folitary, cernuous, 
J nferted without the axils of the petioles. Corolla fubcam- 
panulate, pale yellow, obfoletely 5-lobed, marked near the 
tafe with five black-purple fpots. Stamens ereft, connivent. 
a b x of the ripe fruit a dullifh yellow, large, inflated, an- 
gular, fubovate acuminate, intruded at the Safe, 10-anglcd, 
alternate angles more faintly marked, 5-toothed : teeth con- 
JJivent, and even decuffate. Berry globular, fmooth, yellow, 
feculent, not fenfibly divided into cells, even when unripe, 
seeds lens-fhaped, neftling in the pulp chiefly, but not ex- 
c uuvely, near the furface. Except the berry, every part of 


the plant is covered with a foft pubefcence, more harm on 
the calyx than elfewhere. The fruit is eatable, agreeably acid 
and fweet, and with a little ufe very palatable ; has a fragrant 
odour, fomething like a mixture of apple and melon. 

This plant is a native of Peru and Chili, but is cultivated 
at the Cape of Good Hope, in fome parts of the Eaft-Indies, 
and more efpecially at the Englifh fettlement of New South- 
Wales, at which latter place it is known by the name of the 
Cape Goofeberry, and is the chief fruit the colonifts at prefent 
poffefs : is eaten raw, or made into pies, puddings, or 

It does not appear to be unwholefome, though the Botanift, 
who fees the near natural affinity it bears to the Deadly 
Nightfhade, can hardly divert himielf of the averfion ariiing 
from fuch an afTociation. Dombey, indeed, in a memoir he 
wrote upon the fubjeft, attributes the origin of a cruel dif- 
order that prevails in Peru, to the too great ufe made of 
Capficums, Love- Apples, and thefe Berries. (Vide Annals of 
Botany, vol. 2, p. 480. 

We fufpeft that this plant may have been taken up by Lin 
n/eus, both in his Physalis pubefcens and peruviana ; the 
fynon'ym from Feuillee, quoted under the former, certainly 
belongs to it, and the fpecimen in theBankfian Herbarium, afcer- 
tained to be fimilar to that in the Linnean, feems to be fcarcely 
different ; yet the defcription given in the Spec. Plant, in which 
it is obferved that the berry fills the calyx, and that the Mem is 
annual and proftrate, is altogether inapplicable. The latter is 
laid by Li.nn/eus to be very fimilar to Datura Mete/, a 
refemblance we by no means obferve in our plant, otherwife 
the red of the defcription and its native country, would induce 
us to believe them to be the fame. As however the defcription 
is very incomplete, and no mention is made of the fruit being 
eatable, we think it fafeft to confider this as a fpecies unknown 
to Linnjeus, and to give it a name which is perhaps in itfelf 
fufficient to diftinguifh it from every other. 

We received this plant from Gabriel Gillett, Efq. in 
whole garden, at Drayton-Green, it has been cultivated fome 
years. Requires to be protected from froft, but mould remain 
in the open air the whole of the fummer. In the Move it is ever- 
green, and in the greenhoufe lofes its foliage in the winter, but 
the Hems put forth new leaves and fhoots in the fpring. Flowers. 
in June and July and ripens its fruit in Auguft and through the 
reft of the fummer. In South-America it tlowers through the 
whole of the year, and its fruit is held in eftimation for its 
fragrance as well as agreeably acidulated fweet tafte ; and is 
i ike wife confidered as a ufeful cooling remedy in fevers. 

«Jf Smfim Sc JUiyrCrlts J* •Gm.-G s /ie*?JD, e rj. iao 

[ 1069 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. cylindricus, l-phyllus : bafi fquamatus. Petala 5 un- 
guiculata. Cap/, cylindrica, l-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DlANTHUS orientalts ; caule fuffruticofo, foliis fubulatis 
pungentibus : floralibus internodiis brevioribus, 
fquamis calycinis ar£te imbricatis obovatis, 
tubo longiffimo acuto, petalis cuneiformibus 

DlANTHUS orientalts. Don. Cantab. 101. 

CARYOPHYLLUS orientalis fruticofus, tenuiflimo folio, 
flore laciniato. Tourn. Cor. 23 ? 

Descr. Stem fhrubby. Leaves rigid, linear, channelled, 
pungent, rough at the margin, growing in bunches at the ex- 
tremities of the barren branches. Flowering Stems lateral, 
v ery long and (lender, 1 — 3-flowered, with from four to eight 
pair of fmall leaves oppofite, fubulate, adpreffed to the item, 
fnree times fhorter than the internodes. Calycine Scales feveral, 
imbricate, ftriate, obovate, margined, prefTed clofe to the tube, 
than which they are three or four times ihorter. Tube cylin- 
drical, flender, five-toothed : teeth connivent. Petals five : 
"aw longer by one half than the limb. Limb wedge-fhaped, 
J a §ged, twifted. Stamens after the pollen is difcharged re- 
curved. Styles exferted, capillary, twifted. Scent agreeable 
b «t of little power. 

This plant has great affinity with Di an thus juniperinus of 
Dr. Smith, fully defcribed in the Tranfa&ions of the Linnean 


Society, and fpecimcns of which gathered byToiiRNEFORT 
himfelf are to be Teen in the Bankfian Herbarium ; but differs 
from it in feveral rcfpecls ; the woody part of the item is of 
humbler growth, the flowering ftalks longer, with fhorter mord 
clofely adprefTed leaves, and bearing fewer flowers, generally 
only one in its native foil, and from one to three when cul- 
tivated ; fcales of the calyx more in number and more clofely 
imbrjcated ; tube much longer, (tenderer, and more pointed ; 
petals longer, more deeply jagged, and twifted. Found about 
Tiflis, in Ruffian Georgia. Communicated to us by Mr. 
Loddiges, of Hackney, in June 1806. 

Is probably hardy, but has been hitherto preferved under 
a frame in the winter. 

TCurlur StGioG-efcentLt 

■'*0f. -FSan/o»<S t -Ui>. 

[ io;o ] 

Clematis Cirrhosa. Evergreen 

■^c- »»$♦* %i< 4MmMi fr$itjHt#Jt 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Calyx o. Petala 4 (rarius 5.) Semina caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS cirrhofa ; foliis fimplicibus, caule cirrhis oppo- 

fitis fcandente, pedunculis unifloris lateralibus. 

Syft' Veg.±<&. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 1287. Desf. 

Ail. 1. p. 433. 
CLEMATIS cirrhis fcandens, foliis fimplicibus. Sp. PL 766. 

Hori. Cliff. 226. 
CLEMATIS percgrina foliis pyri incifis. Bauh. Pin. 300. 
CLEMATIS altera bjetica. Cluf. Htft. 1. p. 123. Hifp. p. 

223. /. 222. Lob. Ic. 62 8. f. 2. Tabem. 1269. 
CLEMATIS peregrina foliis pyri incifis, nunc fingulanbus 

nunc ternis. Tourn. Cor. 20. £>uer. Flor. Efpan. 

4. p. 352. 
CLEMATIS b<etica Clufii. Bauh. Hi/f. 2. p. 126. Ger. Emac. 

886./ 2. Park. Tbeai. 383./. 2. Raii Hiji. 1. 

p. 621. 2. 

There is great affinity between this plant and Clematis 
calyana, more remarkable in fome fpecimens of the latter than 
in the one from which our drawing (No. 959) was taken, in 
which the involucrum is more diftant and grown out into the 
form of leaves ; whereas it is more ufually clofe to the flower, 
and has exa&Iy the appearance of a calyx. In the prefent 
plant, the peduncle above ihe involucrum is thickened and of 
the fame colour as the flower, fo that it might be miftaken for 
a tUDe °f the corolla ; and this caufes the involucrum to appear 
as " c l°fe to the flower, which in reality it is not. 


Was firft obferved by Clusius, between Medina Sodina in 
Andalufia and Gibraltar, and is common in other provinces of 
Spain, alfo about Algiers and on Mount Atlas. It climbs up 
trees, which it overwhelms. Although this plant is generally 
mentioned by the old botanical writers, all their figures and 
defcriptions are without exception copied from Clusius, who 
law it in feed only. It is fully defcribed by Desfontaines 
in his Flora Atlantica. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Mr. 
Loddiges, cultivated in a pot, and kept in the greenhoufe; 
but Philip Miller obferves, that it endured the hardeft 
winters of this country for forty years together in the open 
ground at the Phyfic Garden, Chelfea, and that it flowers 
better than when treated more tenderly ; in expofed fitua- 
tions, however, it is apt to perifh. Is propagated by laying 
down the young moots in October. Flowers in March and 
April. Suppofed to have been cultivated by Gerard in 1596, 
but as he fays that he has found it in the Ifle of Wight, and in 
a wood by Waltham-Abbey, perhaps he miftook Ibme variety 
of Clematis Viialba for this fpecies. 


*r*o,*,s'*.. fi;srmn t AcJJI y £Mr j Jmrn 


[ 10 7* ] 

Chlorophytum Inornatum. Greenish- 
Flowered Chlorophytum. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, fubaequalis, regularis, per- 
fiftens, laciniis deorfurn breviter tubulofe confleftentibus inde 
patentiffimis. Fil. hypogyna, fubfiliformia, divergentia. Stylus 
ietaceo-elongatus. Stig. fimplex. Cap/, fcariofo-pergaminea, 
acute lobato-triquetra, valvulis feptigeris. Sent, biferialia, 2-5 
in quoque lociilo, reniformi-rotunda, comprefia, hinc deprefla 
cum papilla centrali, inde gibbofo-convexula, internis anguf- 
torum deffepimentorum marginibus affixa. G. 

Obs. Ex India-Occidentali ? Herba perennans ; radix rhizoma fob- 
eaudejcens Jimpllciter fibrofum ; folia radicalia alterna, plura, in paucis 
Jeriebus ambientia, lanceolata, longe acuminata, fubtus nervofo-Jtriata 
media cojia carinatim prominente, undulata, deorfurn convoluto-amplexantia, 
fajciculato-compacla, forfurn recumbenter divergentia ; caulesfobbini, cen- 
trales, Jlricliflimi, teretes, fimplices vet uniramofi, fcabrido-villofi foliis fob- 
hngiores ; ramus parum divergent^ foliaceo-Jiipulatus ; inflor. pamculato- 
vel capltellato-racemoja, ex racemulis vel capitellis plurimis, Jparfis, re- 
notiujcuiis, 1 — 4 floris, breviter atque fafciculatim pedicellatis ; fpathae 
communes fubfoliacea, adprejfie ; partiales parvce, membranacea, una- 
cuique flo r i . corolla, htteo-virens, magnitudine pene Hyacinth I 
orientalis ; laciniis lineari-oblongis, acutulis, ufque ad circa quartam 
partem longitudinis fux cylindrico-convergentibus, dein reflet! entibus ; intmus 
nonnihil anguflionbus, acutioribus ; filam. his fub<zqualia> baft corolla 
inferta, linearia, cequalia ; anth.fogittato-lineares, erecla, a baft infix* ; 
ftylus cEquans ftamina ; ftigma deprejfulum, adknlem glanduhfo-puberulum ; 
gertnen virens, Jlylo duplo vel ultra brevius, turbinato-trigonum ; capf. 
•bcordato -turbinata, mdendinacea, Jlylo parthn perftftente prafixa, Jccundum 
onguhrum marginem dehijcens, per corollam emarcidam fubtus calyculata ; 
fern, nigra, Jubfalebrofa, papillulis minutiffimis denjiflimis uniformiter 
fcabrata, ad umbilicum 'tndentata. XAw^ov <pVT0V. Genus inter Jujjimu 
Bromelias injcribendum. G. 

Specific Name. 
CHLOROPHYTUM inornatum. G. 


Of this vegetable we can find no traces in any author known 
to us ; nor do we know of any conftituted genus under which it 
can be arranged. In habit it feems to us to come neareft to 
Tillandsia and Pitcairnia. Mr. Salisbury, of the 
Botanic Garden, Brompton, informs us, that it was received 
fome years ago by Mr. Fairbairn from the Weft-Indies, 
and cultivated by him in the Phyfic Garden, Chelfea. Re- 
quires to be kept in the hot-houfe, where it flowers and feeds 
plentifully during the fummer months ; quite fcentlefs. 

There is a fpecimen without flowers in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, from Jamaica, infcribed Till an dsia fiexuqfa % which 
we fufpecl: to be our plant j but if fo, certainly not the one 
to which that name belongs. G. 


C !°72 ] 

Watsonia Rosea. Pyramidal 

J%. >'«. jit. S&. J&. >*4. ife. j{t. i'4. ?Ji. ^J. i^ife. jfe. ?Jt 2&- ife. 

|p Igl J|r Tjr ^r VjC ^[r ^pr* vjr spr ^ sjnijr >fr tf? vfr <y> 

C/d/} awi Order, 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Spatha bivalvis, adprefla. Cor. inferias tubulofa et faepius 
geniculatim curvata, limbo fubaequaliter fexpartito faepius nu- 
tantc, laciniis vel regularuer vel fubbilabiatim difpafitis. Stam, 
vel adfcendentia antheris parallelis contiguis, vel rarius porrefta 
iifdem trifariam divergentibus. Stylus capillaceo-elongatus. 
Stigm. 3, gracilia, bipartita, revoluto-divaricata. Cap/, oblonga, 
tereti-trigona, cartilaginea. Sem. numerofa, deorfum imbricata, 
imo nucleo angulofe preffo, fumma ala membranacea vel ifta 
rariffime fupprefla. G, 

Obs. Bulbo-tuber orbiculatum, fapius compreJJ'um, teclum phxibus 
fibrofo-organicis extimis modo crajjijjlmis /ubligneis, ex vertlce gemelliparum 
alia duo evolvens Jierilia ; folia dijlicha, enfata, firmiora, nervo/a, baud 
rarolucida, modo/Jiulofo-cava y modo cartilagineo-marginata ; caulina ferme 
femper axillariter bulbifera, gradatim breviora ; caulis nee recenti /oboli 
fut yulgo in ordinej fed pri/ca matrici continuus y ereclus, Jlriclm vel etiam 
fubligne/cenSf vix unquam non ramo/us, ramis adprejffis ; fpatharum valvula 
extima 'fupra /phacelata et /apius colorata ; fioresfpicati, ortu dijiicbi, vulgo 
ttumero/i, varie earule/cen/es, rubentes, vel albejeentes, perraro in bulbillos 
degenerantes ; faux plerumque in cylindrum producifur, modo etiam turbinaiim 
cmtrahitur. Vidimus nonnullarum Jub fruclificatione bulbo-tuber venis 
cra/fioribus fcatere gummi duclili repletis ; vel nonnunquam bocce gummi in maf- 
/am lapideo-induratam mole nucis mo/cbata exjlillatum tunicis adharere. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

WATSONIA ro/ea : foliis lorato-lanceolatis, cartilagineo- 
marginatis ; fpica paniculata, elongato-pyrami- 
data, imbricato-conferta ; fpatha tubum aequante ; 
corolla? limbo nutante, grandiori, fubregulari, 
fubcampanulato-explanato, tubum cum fauce 
aequante ; fauce tubum aequante, nuda, lato- 
turbinata. G. 

WATSONIA ro/ea. Herb. Bank/ Nobis in Annals 0/ Bot. 1. 

GLADIOLUS glumaceus. Vahl Emm. 2. 105. Tbunb. Prod, 
Fl. cap. 1 86. Acl, Soc. Ha/ v. 6, 

GLADIOLUS pyramidatus. Bot, Rep f tab. 335. 


GLADIOLI iridifolti var. fpeciofa floribus rofeis. J acq. Ic. 

Rar. 2. p. 4. / t 7<£. 235. 
GLADIOLUS marginatum. L floribus purpureis. Thunb. Dijf. 


This fine fpecies is at once ken to be clofely allied to 
the _ marginata of No. 608 of this work; but is eafily 
diflinguifhed by the differences given in the above fpecifk 
charaQer. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requites the 
fame treatment as its congeners, and flowers freely during the 
fummer months. One of the talleft known to us, 'being fome- 
times near four feet high. Our drawing was made from a branch 
of a plant fent us by Mr. Loddiges. G. 

Spf.cierum Synthesis. 
ipicata. Supra tab. 523. Gladiolus fpicatus. Vabl Enum. 2. 

78. n. 2. Gladiolus fHtuloius. id. I. c. n. 3. 
plantaginea. Supra tab. 553. Gladiolus alopecuroides. Vahl 

I. c. 99. n. 45. 
punQata. Nobis in Ann. of Bat. 1. 229. Ixia punftata. Bot. 
Rep. tab. 177. Gladiolus purpureus (3. Herb. 
Bank/. Gladiolus fubulatus. Vabl L c. 97. n. 41. 
rubens. Nobis. Gladiolus rubens. Vahl L c. 98. n. 42. Gla- 
diolus purpureas.*? Herb.Bankf. anne przecedente 

marginata. Supra tab. 60S. Gladiolus marginatus. Vabl L c. 

104. n. 55, 
rofea. Supra tab. 1072. Gladiolus glumaceus. Vahl I c. 

105. n. 56. 
brevifolia. Supra tab. 601. Gladiolus teftaceus. Vahl V. c. 

105. n. 57. 
iridifolia. Supra tab. 600. Gladiolus iridifolius. Vahl I. c. 

91. n. 29. 
Meriana. Supra tab. 418. Gladiolus Merianus. Vahl I c. 

94. n. 34. 
humihs. Supra tab. 631. Gladiolus laccatus. Vahll.c.g\. 

rofeo-alba. 67^ra /*& 537. Gladiolus rofeo-albus. Z 7 ^/ 

/. c. 93. ». 31. 
angufta. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 230. Antholyz^ Meriana: 
var. Jacq.ic. rar. 2. tab. 231. Gladiolus Me- 
rianus |3. PaA/ /. r. 95. n. 34. 

aletroides. Supra tab. ^ Gladiolus aletroides. Vahl I. c. 
96. n. 36. 


•ils J 1 Gee Crefcenl T)g<.' 

J^£i..^UDU TJ^f m j^ 

C ^73 1 

Crinum Asiaticum. Largest 

♦ ♦ ♦ $ $ % $ % ♦ $ $ $ $ ♦ i ji $ i j i $ $ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, — Vide N um ' 1034. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms. 

CRINUM aftaticum ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis ; floribus bre- 
viter pedicellatis ; corollae laciniis lorato-linearibus, 
anguftis, convoluto-concavis, revoluto-radianti- 
bus, sequalibus ; filamentis ere&o-divaricantibus, 
his fubduplo brevioribus, bafi fubarticulatim geni- 
culars; ftigmate depreflb-obtufato. G. 

CRINUM afmticum. Linn. Mant. 362. Flor. Zeylon. 127. 
Mill. Ic. 73. tab. 110. Did. n. 2. L Merit. Serf. 
Angl. 8. mild. Sp. PL 2. 45. exclufo fyn. Burnt. 
Prod. 9. Amaryllidi longifoli<e potius fubji- 
ciendo. G. 

BULBINE afiatica. Gartn. Sem. et Frufi. 1. 42- *• 1 3- ubl 
fruaus eft inverfus et quod fimulat pedicellum eft 
tubi floris fragmentum. G. 

LILIO-ASPHODELUS americanus fempervirens maximus 
polyanthus albus. Comm. Rar. tab. 14. Dillen. Elih. 

194. /. 161./. 195. 
LILIUM zeylankura bulbiferum et umbelliferum. Herm. 

Lugd. 682. /. 683. Rudb. Ely/. 2. 182./. 10. 
RADIX toxicaria. Rumph. Amboin. Herb. 6. 155. /• 69. 
BELUTTA-poli-tali. Rheede Hort. Malab. 11. 75. /. 3 8 * 

Rudb. Ely/. 2. /. 90. 

Descr. Leaves many, ambient, lanceolate-oblong, con- 
volutely fafciculate at the bafe, a thick longitudinal midrib, 
°uter ones recurved ; corolla revolute-hypocratenform, the 
lo ng narrow ungues being grown together into an upright 
flefhy rounded-triquetral tube fligbtly curved towards the neck, 


nearly the length of the figments of the limb, which are re- 
volutely radiate, converging fomewhat turbinately towards their 
bafes, nearly equal, narrow, linear, acute, convolutely con- 
cave, about three inches long, three outer ones terminated by 
a mucro hooked towards the inner fide ; filaments upright, 
fubulately attenuate, filiform, divaricately patent, fomewhat 
incurved, nearly twice fhorter than limb, fomewhat geniculately 
jointed near the bafe ; anthers oblong-linear, incumbent, vi- 
brating, deep yellow ; Jlyle fubtriquetrally filiform, attenuated 
upwards and purple ; jligma a blunted depreffed fimple point, 
flightly glandular-pubefcent ; germen ftanding on a Ihort thickilb 
green pedicle. This plant, like others of the order, fome- 
times produces a membranous fomewhat inflated capfule with 
two rows of thickly piled flattifh feeds, as defcribed in the ge- 
neric character of Amaryllis No. 923*; at others a fruit, 
each loculament of which is filled up by a fingle large flefhy 
mafs that germinates in the manner of feed when planted: 
Gjertn er's figure reprefents a capfule of the firft kind with feed 
as growing into bulbs before they drop out. 

A native of various parts of the Ealt-Indies, where it grows 
in moift fituations, chiefly by the fides of rivers ; we hear that 
it is found alfo in New South -Wales growing to a great fize, 
as it does fometimes in our ftoves, where it is ufually kept in 
the tan-pit. Cultivated at Chelfea, by P. Miller. 

The figure above quoted from Miller's hones, though 
referred to in Hortus Kewenfis as a fynonym of CrinuM 
erubejcens, evidently belongs to our plant ; as do thofe of 
Co mm eli n and Dillenius, though faid to reprefent an 
American fpecies. The fpecific character in WilldenoW 
certainly applies more corre&ly to Crinum americanum, No. 
1034 of this work. A long account of the properties and ufes 
of our vegetable will be found in the above-cited work of 


Our drawing was made at Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy's, 
Hammerfmith. Blooms very freely during the fummer 
months. G. 


No. 631, 1. 8. pro " toccata," lege " humilis" 

No. 637, 1. 10. pro " 624," lege '* 621." 

No. 860, 1. 6. pro •* 652," lege " 645." 

No. 1041, 1. 4. pro " Hexani>ria," lege ** Triandria.'* 

No. 1060, 1. 17. pro ** a morpha" lege " amorpha." 

No, 10^3, 1. 24. pro *« accumhentia" lege ** acambentibm" 

Jtni. Hot. F,h>vii d SmuunUiaZ 


C 1074 ] 

Drimia Altissima. Tallest Drimia. 

Clafs and Order. 

PIexandria Monogynia. 

'Generic Charafter.-<-^Vid. fupra N°' 822. 

Cor, infera, hexapetalo-partita, bypocrateriformUcampanufata, 
laciniis oblongiufculis, infra cylindrico-convergentibtts, fupra 
longius rotato-revoluto-reflexove patentibus. Fil. lineari- 
fubulata, asqualia, ima corolla infcrta, fubfafciculato-porrecta, 
rariffime divergentia. Stylus triquetro-filiformis. St/'g. trilobato- 
vel capitellato-trigonum. Cap/, fcariofo-membranacca, obovato- 
oblonga, fubtrigona. Sent, pauca, oblonga, erecla. G. 

Obs. Radix Bulbus tunicato-fquamofus fquamis maximis fubcequatis 
iunicatim conferruminatis futuris fere obfo/etis, vel mods imbneato-fquarnfrs 
Jquamis minoribus laxius compact's ; Folia radhalia y carnofa t crafjiujcula, ex 
lineari-attenuatis atque convoluto-concavh ad lato-lanceolata atque explanata 
progredientia, ereBiufcula ; Scapus centralis, teres, ereclus, de fpithamao 
altttudinem acquirens pene orgyalem, foliationtm nunc din nunc breve antea 
Del modo fimul veniens cum ea ; Ir.florefcentia fbicata-racemofa, pauci- 
multiflora atque alopecuroideo-elongata, pedicellis divaricato-patentibus ; 
nTa&.exJimpI'ces, unifiora, parv<e y nutnbranacea. Differt Hvacintho 
corolla fexpartit 'a et ftaminum injertione ; Scilla et Ornithogalo 
laaniarum corolla inflexlone Jlaminumque conniventia proflante ; unoqusque 
habitu. Collimat Lachenaliam /w illius lanceolatam. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DRIMIA altiffima ; bnlbo magno depreffo-globofo, fquamis 
maximis tunicatim contignatis futuris obfolePce.iti- 
bus ; fcapo glauco, baculi terqtis ad inltar; foliis 
poft eum cmarcidum prodeuntibus, duplo bre- 
vioribus, lorato-lanceolatis, convoIuto-mucrona'F ; 
racemo alopecuroideo-elongato ; bra&eis medio 
pedicellura verfus in fc hamatim replicatis, denuo 
reflexis ; corolla pedicellis Iongiore. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM altijfunum. linn. Huppl. Sy ft. Vegetal. 
Murr. 328. Tbunb. Prod. FL Cap. 62. PVtltd.Sp. 
PL 2. tab. 1 19. 

ORNITHOGALUM giganteum. Jacq. Hort. Schcenl. 1. 


Bulb about the fize of a child's head, depreffed-globofe, 
tunicate-lquamofe, fcales very broad, of equal height, fo cloiely 
joined as to give the whole the appearance of a tunicate Bulb; 
Leaves appearing after the fcape has withered, about a foot and 
half high, two inches broad, lorate-lanceolate, finely nerved- 
ftreaked, convolutely mucronaie ; Scape wand-like, round, 
perpendicular, very (lightly tapered, glaucous, about the thick- 
nefs of a man's finger, together with the rachis nearly five feet 
high, central; Raceme alopecuroidal, cylindrical, > crowded, 
tapering towards the top, nearly two feet long ; pedicles fili- 
form, {landing at right angles with the rachis, fhorter than 
the corolla ; bracles broad-fubulate, membranous, with the 
upper half firft doubled inwards uncinately, at length reflex, 
upper ones becoming progreffively almoft obfolete ; corolla 
hypocrateriform-campanulate, about three parts of an inch 
long, of ayellowilh white colour, fcentlefs ; Segments feparated 
from each other nearly to the bale, linear-oblong, equal, con- 
verging cylindrically for about a third of their length, then 
rotately patent and (lightly incurved, convolute-concave, out- 
wards carinate-convex with a green (tripe ; filaments plano- 
fubulate, about a third fhorter than the fegments, to the bafe 
of which they are adnate, upright, converging fafciculately, 
pointing forwards ; Anthers before they burft large, oblong, 
green, afterwards yellow ; Germtn green, oblong-pyramidal, 
fubtriquetral, uneven, far fhorter than jlyle, which is even with 
or rather overtopping the corolla, fubclavate, filiform, triquetral, 
upright, (lightly curved ; Stigma trigonally fubcapitate, not very 
confpicuous, glandularly pubefcent. — Many flowers on the 
upper part of the raceme are defective as to one-third of their 
parts. — We do not fee why Jacquin, who inftituted the 
genus and has defcribed feveral fpecies, fhould have turned 
over the prefent plant to Ornithogalum, from which it 
differs full as much as any other Drimia, both in character 
and habit. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; whence it was im- 
ported laft year, by Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy, with whom 
it flowered early this fpring, at their Nurfery in Hammerfmith ; 
mod probably for the fir II time in this country. 

The leaves in our plate are fljewn in a very early ftage 
of their growth. G. 


[ ™75 3 

JLemanthus Coccineus. Salmon- 
Coloured Blood-Flower. 

C/a/> <7»i Order. 
Hexandria Monogykia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha plurivalvis umbellam arre&e circumpofita. Cor. 
fupera, ere&a, fubinfundibulifbrmis, infra breviter tubulofa, 
limbo longiore regulari in lacinias lineari-oblongas asquales 
turbinatim raro rotatim patulas fexpartito. Fil. linearia, co- 
rollam exfuperantia, tubi collo impofita, ere&o-patentia. Stylus 
fetaceo-elongatus. Stigm. aut mera cufpis aut in trina brevif- 
fima difcedens. Bacca tri vel abortu uni aut bilocularis, ob- 
longiufcula. Sem. folitaria, loculo conformia. G. 

Obs. Radix Bulbus timicato-fquamofus, comp/rjp-ovatus, fquarrofus % 
ex tunicis dimidiatis oppofitis Jurjum imbricatim conferntmwatis, imis bre- 
"Visrtbus ; rbizomate jubtus promincnte, nudo, majufculo, annulari-rugofo t 
pbras craJJ'as cytindraceas exjerente ; feme/ eodem compo/ito, ex piurimis co- 
ifdunatis fobvlibus Juperimpo/itis gemmis plurimum grandioribus ccncreto. 
rolia radical ia t a ad 4, btfaria, vel diu pojl floret vei fimul ium 'tis vel 
antea prodeuntia, coriaceo~incraJJ'ata y ex atigujlis Uneart-loratis atque con- 
voluto-concavis ad lata Ivrato-linguiformia et prorfus explanata, ab eretlis 
conmventibus ad recumbenter divaricata humique adpreffa, modo maculata- 
rariui pubejcentta ; Jemel deorjum petiolatimatUnuafa, convoluto-conduplicata, 
equttanter vaginantia, quando iumina oblcngo-lanceolata, tenuior, undulata et 
ct >jla media crajfa percurja Jit ; Scapus his lateralis comprefj'o-teres ; Spatha 
Pjrftjlcns, plerumque color ata et quodammodo corollaceo-conjigurata, umbellam 
'kniijfiorem obvolvens ; rarius herbaceo-membranacea ijlaque elatiore exjuperata; 
Bzzcafere nunquam non colorata. Per puniceum Cr inum, per albiflorem 
Massoniam collimat. Retlius forte CriNO fuijfet ajcriptus H^MAN- 
THus multiflorus, N i -g6i; habens fpafham retrofraclam x umbellam 
JPb&roideo-radiantem, corolla tubum longiorem y lacinias Jlellato-expanj as ; 
Jiarnina ex divaricatis campanulatim conflexuia, uti et habitum univerjum 
nonnibil ab H^manthis recedentem; tie que objlitiffent, tantis validioribus 
confentaneis ftgnis, fpatha valvules numerum binarium excedentes ; hujus 
Jruclum maturum nondum vidimus, Ju/pieamar vera non eff'e ip/utn baccatum, 
J<d tantumfemimbus baccatis. G. 


Specific Character and Synonyms, 

H/EMANTHUS coccineus ; foliis poft anthefin prodetimibus, 
geminis, latelinguiformi-loratis, planiffimis, 
coriaceo-craflis,humi recumbentibus ; fpathae 
valvulis coloratis, lamellaeformibus, rotun- 
dato-obtufis, umbellam coarftatam brevi- 
orem campanulatim obvolventibus ; corolla 
infundibuliformi ; ftigmate fimplici. G. 

H/EMANTHUS coccineus. Linn. Sp. PL 412. Mill. Bid. 
ed. 7. n. 1. Ihunb. Prod. Fl. Cap. 59. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 403. Mart. Mill. Dicl. Liliac.a 
Redoute, tab. 39. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 24. 

H^EMANTHUS afritanus. Tournef.lnfl^^.tab.^^. Comm. 
Hort. Amjt. 2. p. 127. tab. 64. 

NARCISSUS bifolius. Prom. B. fpei. Robin, lc. 243. 

NARCISSUS indicus gemino latiore folio. Rudb. Ely/. 2. t. 

49-/8. • I 

NARCISSUS indicus ferpentarius. Hern. mex. 885. /. 899. 
LILIUM indicum puniceum gemino latiore folio, &c &c. 

Mor. Hijl. torn. 1. feci. 4. /. 21. /. 16. p. 

BULBOSA africana anomala Moly affinis. Rait Hijl. 1127. 

cap. 8. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; cultivated by P. 
Miller, in 1731 ; by the Dutch Gardeners probably near a 
century before. Is now common in our greenhoufes, where 
it flowers towards the end of fummer. Seems to have attracted 
the attention of raoft of the elder Botanifts, by whom it has been 
repeatedly defcribed and figured. Is perfectly fcentlefs. G. 


No. 1072, pag. alt. 1. 14. poft «• fpicata" infere " Nobit in Ann. of BoU 
v. 1. 228. ttfufra No. 553. /. alt. Ixia fijlukfa," &c. 

No, 1073, pag. alt, 1, 14, for * two" read " double/* 



. r&*h 

J iao9 F 

[ *° 7 6 3 

Curculigo Orchioides (/3.) Lance- 

Leaved Curculigo. 

Oafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia (quibufdam Polycamia Monje- 
c i a ob fores infer lores hermapbroditos, fuperiores mafailos. G.) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha univalvis, convoluta, acuminata, membranacea. Cor, 
fupera, tubatim hypocrateriformis, partim perfiftens, tubo tri- 
quetro-hlifbimi, limbo pluries breviore, fexpartito, rotato, 
laciniis oblongiufculis, fubsequalibus. HI. antheris fagittato- 
linearibus breviora, ori tubi impofita, patentia. Stylus tubo 
unitus, ultra quern conulus breviffimus. Stigm. 3 in unum 
majufculum trijugofo-fubulatum decurrenter connata, fupra 
ietaceo-divergentia, Bacca oblonga, acuminata, ex loculis 
aborta uno aut binis, mernbranaceis, pellucidis pulpa fpongiofa 
fastis. Sent, plura fubnidulantia, ovato-globofa, proceffu (fu- 
niculo umbilicali?) roflriformi. G. 

Descr. Radix biennis, fuftfermis, rugofa rttgis annular ibus, cortice 
fufco tecla, fuperne fquamis fcariofs vejiita, carnofa, fefquipedalis, craffitie 
digiti minor is. Folia radicalia, fafciculatim conferta, erecla et recurvata, 
quadam terra incumbentia, linearia, acuta, Jiriata, canaliculata, baft ple- 
rumque quinquenervia, punclis minimis denjis pil'fque rarioribus hngn albis 
a 4fperja, pedalia. Scapus vix fupra terram prominulus, anguhfus , Jirtatus , 
albus, fquamis fcariofs foliif que obvolutus, breviffimus. Flores par urn fupra. 
terram prommuli, fafciculatim canferti, pedunculati. Pedunculi, ereclt, 
c °mpreffiufculi, fubalati, baft tenuiores , pilis rarioribus longis albis adfperfi, 
tubo forts breviores, nivei. Kgenig in Plant. Coromand. v. 1. p. 15, — 
Gethyllidi peraffine genus. G. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 

CURCULIGO orchioides. Roxb. PL Coromand. 1. 14. t *3» 
Gartn. Frutl. et Sem. 1. 63. t. 16. MarU 
Mill. Diil. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 105. 

ORCHIS amboinica major radice raphanoide. Rumph. Amb- 
6. 116. /. 54./. 1. 

(*J rohislanceolato-linearibus. G. 

V 3 ) foiiis elliptico-lanceolatis. G. 

We have to regret, that accident prevented us from avail- 
ing ourfelves of Mr. Greville's very kind permiflion to 
examine this rare vegetable, while in bloom, for the firft time 
in Europe, in his confervatory at Paddington, where it had 
been introduced from the Eaft-Indies by Dr. Roxburgh. 
For the materials of our generic character, we have relied, 
partly on the defcriptions of Meffrs. Kcenig and Roxburgh 
in the above-cited work of the latter, and partly on a figure 
and difle&ions in the fame. 

Gartner, judging from an ifolated fruit, has been be- 
trayed into more than one error concerning our prelent fubjeft. 
Having examined the feed-veffel, he declares that it cannot 
belong to the plant cited as the reprefentation of the parent, 
from the above-quoted work of Rumphius ; but that it muft 
be the offspring of fome vegetable of the natural order of 
Scitamine* ; and proclaims it one of the moft remarkable 
anomalies in the vegetable kingdom in regard to the ftyle, 
capfule, and feed. The error in fynonymy evidently arofe 
from his knowledge of the fubjeft being confined to the 
fruit; as the phenomena he defcried in the ftru&ure did 
from his falfe view of the parts. He defcribes it to be a cap- 
fule confifting of « from 6—9 fingle-feeded cells, arranged 
" one over the other, fubalternately, in two longitudinal rows or 
" piled ranks ;" when in fad it is a pericarp that grows up from 
a germen with three parallel cells, as ufual in this order of 
plants ; the contents of more than one or two of which cells 
or ovaria are feldom impregnated, whilft the fterile ones are 
obliterated, the ripening fruit becoming either one or two- 
celled accordingly. The imaginary double pile of cells one 
above the other, is no more than the feveral nidi or cavities 
formed by each feed in the pulp of the vertical berried locu- 
lament, in which it has been imbedded; this by age has been 
converted into a dry fpongy fubftance, and fhrunk into the 
appearance of cruftlike tranfverfe partitions intercepting 
each feed. His extraordinary ftyle, faid to be « long, 6H- 
f iorm and covered with hairs," is in reality a remnant 
of the floral tube broken off by accident about' the middle', 
his "horny, lateral, beaked procefs in each feed, rqftrn* 
Urcuhonts omnlans," from which he has named the genus, 
we lulpea to be merely the umbilical cord, and not very dif- 
ferent from that of the feeds of many other berried fruits. 
Orchiotdes was perhaps as irrelevant a fpecific name as 
could have been hit upon. Rumphius defcribes the flower 
of his fpecimen as "fordide albicans Uto rubra intermixto." 
He lays the root is eaten in India when candied. Is KaNiC 
correct in calling it a biennial plant ? G. 


J l»Ob- Jrun,-. SanlonvSculf- 

C 1077 ] 

Rosa Lutea (£.) Bicolor. Red and 
Yellow Austrian Ros.e. 

C/#/jr #7/^ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Petala 5. Gz/. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnofus, collo coarclatus. 
Sent, plunma, hifpida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ROSA lutea s germinibus globofis pedunculifque glabris, 
caiycibus petiolifque fpinulofis, aculeis ramorum reclis. 
Hort. Kew. 2. p. 200. Willd, Sp. PI, 2. 1064. Arb. 
303. Mart. Mill. Diff. n. 2. 

(«) tint 'color s corollis utrinque concoloribus. Fidefttpra, No, 

ROSA Eglanteria, Sp. PL 703, exclufis fynonymis. 
(,Q) bicolor ; corollis intus puniceis. 
ROSA punicea. Cornut. Canad. 11. 
ROSA fylveitris auftriaca flore phceniceo. Park. Theat. 1019. 

n. 6. fig. in 1018. 
ROSA graveolens {implex flore extus lutco intus rubro ho- 

lofericeo. Weinm. Phyt. t. 868. f. C. 
Red and Yellow Auftrian Rofe. Lazvranct, t. 6. 

This appears to be a mere variety of the Yellow Auftrian 
Rofe, before figured, and is probably a creation of the Dutch 
Gardeners, as Jacquin received it from Holland, and feems 
not to have known any thing of it as growing in Auftria. This 
Botanift at fir ft confidered it as a diftina fpecies, butobferving 
it afterwards to bear fometimes flowers that were yellow on 
both fides, he changed his opinion. Linn^us at firft, from 
the fweetneii of the leaves, which Gerard fays have an ex- 

cellent fweet fmell, more pleafant than tbofe of the Eglantine, 
miftook the Auftrian Rofe for the Sweet-Briar, and called it 
in confequence Rosa eglanteria ; a miftake that led to great 
confufion, and to the application of another name, that of 
rubiginqfa to the Sweet-Briar. This name has been unfor- 
tunately generally retained, though, as the original miftake has 
been fmce corrected by adopting the appellation of lutea for 
the Au{trian plant, that of eglanteria ought to have been reftored 
to the Sweet-Briar, to which it originally belonged, and was 
meant by Linn/eus himfelf to have been continued, as his 
fynonyms evidently fhew. 

Our friend, Dr. Afzelius, in a moft elaborate, accurate, 
and learned monograph on the Swedifh Rofes*, publifhing at 
Upfal, has made this reftoration ; and we regret that Dr. 
Smith has not done the fame in his Flora Britannica. 

The Red and Yellow Auftrian Rofe is a beautiful ftirub, 
quite hardy, and well deferving a place in all our gardens, 
where indeed it is almoft univerfaily to be met with, having 
been cultivated by old Parkinson above a hundred and fixty 
years ago, who fagacioufly confidered it as only a variety of 

Vide Annals of Botany, v. 2. p. 213. 


*ii JJtl 

F*****..6yma Ja 



[ io 7 8 ] 

Gentiana Asclepiadea. Swallow- 
Wort-Leaved Gentian. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. i-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, l-locularis, ReceptacuUs 2 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA a/clepiadea ; corollis quinquefidis campanulatis 

oppofuis axillaribus fubfeffilibus, foliis am- 

plexicaulibus ovato-lanceolatis. Willd. Sp. PL 

it 1334. Free Itch Gent. p. 48. n. 17. 
GENTIANA a/clepiadea. Sp. PI. 329. Reich. 637. Jattf. 

Attjlr. 4. /. 328. Matlu/ch. n. 174. A»«r 

57^. Ret Herb. 1. /. £. 4. Afcr/. M///. Z)/V7. 

«. 9. Hort. Kew. 1. />. 322. %Villars Dauph. 2. 

p. 524. Allioni Fed. n. 350. AVw*. o//^ 384. 

PWAm /?#. 102 j 
GENTIANA floribus campaniformibus, alis paucifloris, foliis 

ovato-lanceolatis. Hall. Hijl. n. 640. Ennm. 

n. 143. 
GENTIANA floribus lateralibus folitariis feffilibus, corollis 

eredis. Hort. Cliff. 80. Roy. Lugd. 432. 
GENTIANA afclepiadis folio. Batih. Pin. 187. Ge/11. Ie. 

&n. 99. Bauh. Hijl. 3. />. 523. Barr. Ie. 70. 

C/*/. P*//. 280. /. 281. Park. Parad. 350. 

n. 2. Rati Hi/. 717. Gerard Emac. 433. /. 3. 
GENTIANA II. caeruleo flore. Ch/. Hijl. 1. p. ^12. 
DASYSTEPHANA. Renealm. Specim. 67. t. 68. /. 1. fig. 


Native of Germany, Switzerland, and France, where it 
grows at the foot of the Alps, or in fhady moift vallies, but 


never in open expofed filiations : confequently it requires a 
moid loamv foil and a fhekered fituation, for want of atten- 
tion to which, it generally dwindles and frequently perilhes m 
gardens ; indeed it is faid to be always much lefs vigorous and 
beautiful when cultivated, than when it grows fpontaneoulty. 
It feems doubtful whether Pallas's plant be the fame fpecies, 
fince he defcribes it as growing nearly three feet high, as having 
a corolla three times quinquifid, a fpathaceous calyx, with forac 
of its fegments frequently extending to the length of the 
corolla, and as being the leaft bitter of the whole genus; 
whereas our plant feldom exceeds a foot and half, has a fmall 
tooth between the fegments of the corolla, that is what we 
fuppofe Pallas would call twice quinquifid, and a fmall calyx, 
of which the fegments are equal and feveral times fhorter than 
the corolla ; its root too is faid by the accurate Clusius to 
be intenfely bitter. We ought, however, to mention that 
LiNNiEus defcribes the calyx as being equal to the corolla. 

Cultivated by Parkinson before 1629. Communicated 
by Mr. Loddices. Flowers in July and Auguft. Propa- 
gated by cuttings of the roots* 


Aii/TCurKrfl Aw^W Jwn~J 1800 

f.Smxfim Scidt- 

C ™79 ] 

Prenanthes Alba. White-Flowered 

Clafs and Order, 
Syngenesia Polygamia JEqualis. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Cat calyculatus. Sem. teretia, firiata, fu- 
perne truncata : pappus fimplex, feffilis. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms, 

PRENANTHES alba ,* calycibus multifloris, foliis angulato- 
haftatis, dentatis, floribus nutantibus race- 
raofis paniculatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 1536. 

"RENANTHES flofculis plurimis, floribus nutantibus fub- 
umbellatis, foliis haftato-angulatis. Hort, 
Cliff. 383. Gron. Virg. 113. 89. 

PRENANTHES alba. Sp, PI, 1121. Reich. 3.631. Mart. 
Mill. Diet. n. 9. Hort. Kew. 3. 

PRENANTHES alba; foliis fubhaftato-angulofis vellobatis; 
panicula laxa, e fafciculis terminalibus, 
cernuis : calycibus 8-fidis, 9 — 10-floris, 
floribus albidis. Micbaux Fl, Bor, Am. a. 

Son NANTHES J*™*'' Parad - Lond - 8 5' 

^ONCHUS Nov-Anglicanus chenopodii foliis, radice bul- 

bofa, fanguineo caule, floribus racemofis 

candidiffimis. Pluk. Amalth. 195. 

Ar | ornamental, hardy, perennial; native of North- America ; 
growing to the height of from three to fix feet. The ftems 
a re frequently purplifh, calyxes and anthers always fo, whilft 
I c ° r olIas are milk white, which together with the remarkable 
on g ftyles, make an unufual and not unpleafing appearance. 


The flowers are faid to be fweet-fcented, but the whole 
plant abounds with a milky juice, which is intenfely bitter; 
whence we are told by Dr. Brickell, of Savannah in Georgia, 
that it is there called " Gall of the earth." Amonglt the Indians 
it is celebrated as a cure for the bite of venomous ferpents. 

Introduced into the Kew Garden in 1778, by Mr. William 
Young. Propagated by feeds or parting its roots. Flowers 
in July or Auguft. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, 
Brompton. We were likewife favoured with fpecimens from 
Meffrs. Napier and Chandler, Vauxhall. 

■PohiyTGafrj? fyc 

CrtJ~rt>i~l 'rj^i i 2tU 

J?. Sanfim, Sat \ 

[ 1080 ] 

Chrysanthemum Coccineum. Red- 
Flowered Chrysanthemum. 

##♦ jtfrfci j nMt ♦♦♦♦'♦ ' ♦ * # 

Oafs and Order. 
Syngenesia, Polygamia Superflua* 

Generic CharaRer. 

Receplaculum nudum. Pappus o. Cal. hemifphericus, im- 
bricatus : fquamis marginalibus membranaceis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CHRYSANTHEMUM coccineum; foliis pinnatis glabris: 

pinnis pinnatifidis acutis, pedanculo 
incraffato. JVilld. Sp. PL 3. 2144. 

BUPTHALMUM orientale Tanaceti folio ampliore, flore 

magno coccineo. Tournef. Cor. 37. 
Buxb. Cent. 2. p. 25. /. 20. 

Mr. Loddiges received the feeds of this plant from Mount 
Caucafus, under the name of Chrysanthemum rofeum, and 
we find fpecimens of the fame from that country in the Bankfian 
colleaion with this appellation. It is however doubtlefs the 
coccineum of Willdenow, as we have fatisfied ourfelves by a 
comparifon of the Caucafian fpecimens with one gathered by 
■Tournefort himfei^ an( j p re ferved in the Bankfian Her- 
barium. When in vigour, its Items are fometimes a foot and 
half high, and more upright than in our drawing. 

Buxbaum's figure is much better than many of his are, 
but inftead of any account of the plant, except Tourn e fort's 
name, he gives rather a fevere criticifm upon this author for 
hls oftentatious ufe of the term orientalis fo conftantly re- 
peated ; in which, to (how the impropriety of ufing this name, 
as well as that of byzantinus, conjlantinopolitanus, and fuch 
"ke, he remarks that he has obferved in Byzantium molt of 


the fame plants which grow at Montpelier and in Auftria; on 
Mount Olympus and the high ridge of Cappadocia the fame 
as on the Alps ; and that Armenia and Georgia produce moil 
of thofe of Italy, and the deferts of Media thofe of Spain. 
But whatever truth there may be in this, it is doubtlefs of the 
greateft ufe to record the native country of the plants treated 
on ; as it is from a companion of a plant with analogous ones 
from the fame country, that the Botanift can frequently arrive 
at its true genus more readily than by any other meag£i We 
fufpecl; too that Buxbaum's affertion is far too general: in 
very diftant places of correfponding latitudes, fimilar foils, and 
more efpecially at the fame altitudes, the face of the vegetable 
kingdom will fometimes have a general refemblance ; but this 
fimilarity arifes from the growth of plants of the fame natural 
order, often perhaps of the fame genus, but to meet with 
precifely the fame fpecies, though this may now and then 
happen, will certainly be a more rare occurrence. 

The Chrysanthemum coccineum is a hardy perennial; may 
be propagated by parting its roots ; flowers in September and 
Augull j has perhaps never been before feen in this country. 


' :njj<n Sculp 

[ 10S1 ] 

Dracaena Fragrans. Sweet-Scented 

Clafs and Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. Jnfera, aut deorfum urceolato-tubulofa limbo fexfido 

patentiffimo, aut hexapelalo-partita laciniis infra unguiculatim 

conniventibus fupra laminatim patentibus. Fit. tereti-lanceolata 

ex medio craffiore utrinque attenuata, fummo ungue aut tubi ore 

mferta. Stig. aut cufpis depreffo-obtufata, aut trina lobiforrnia, 

patentia. Bacca trilocularis, tripulvinato-globofa ; loculi mo. 

nofpermi quorum unus aut et alter plerumque fupprefTus. G. 

Obs. Habitus Palmarum ; caulis idem, fruticofus y foliorum vejligiis 
Jcaber ; folia omnia terminalia, Jape conferta (vaginantia) Jimplicia ; pani- 
ntlaterminalis, ramojijjimajingulis ramis ramulis et floribus 2- (uni- ? G.) 
Jpatbaceii. Juff. Gen. PI. 41. Nojfra fragrantis congener Aletris dra- 
camoides ex Roxb. Ic. Pi&. PI. Coromand. ineditis. Quanta intervalh 
n ut ™W e diftat Aletris farinofa fprifca Jui generis /pedes J videndum 
'' ix *H' US hone et defcriptione in Willdenovii (cui erat nimirum pro nova 
otque nondum recenftta planta) Horto Berolinensi ; ubi a//Tabulam 
vin. data eji cum appellatione Wurmbe^e bullat* ; ei Jiyli tres, germen 
jvnnnferum, capjula polyfperma Jeminibus minutis, cum herba fubgrami- 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 

^RAC/ENA fragrans ; caudice palmoideo-arborefcente ; fo- 
liis lorato-Ianceolatis, comofo-terminalibus, con- 
duplicatim amplexicaulibus, confertis.recurvatim 
ambientibus; caule divaricato-paniculato, ramu- 
lis foliaceo-vaginatis, multifloris, ex imis fub- 
compofitis longioribus, fubfequentibus breviori- 
bus, fupremis evanefcentibus ; floribus pedicel- 
latis, ramentaceo-bracleatis, in umbellas glome- 
ratas aut racemos capitatos aggregatis ; corolla 
urceolata-hypocrateriformi, infra longius cylin- 
drica, bafi ventricofa, fupra brevius recurvo- 

. rotata. G. 

ALETRIS fragrans. Linn. Sp. PL 456. Hort. Kew. 1. 410. 
Mill. Dift. ed. 8. n. 5. Bot. Rep. t. 306. Lil. 

A a Redoute. t. 117. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 183. 

Aln f ra & ranti JF ma ' Ja c( l- Enum. Stirp. Vindob. App. 309. 
*-0£ africanaarborefcens,floribusalbicantibusfragrantiffimis. 
• Com. Hort. Amfi. 1. 93. fig. 49. et 2. fig. 4. n. 1. et 
fig> 5. «. 2. Descr. 

Descr. A Palmlike Shrub, growing in our ftoves to 
the height of from two to ten feet j Root fibrous, branching, 
flefhy; rootjiock elongated into a perpendicular cylindrical 
caudex, uneven from numerous femicircular v e ft iges of fallen 
leaves ; terminated by a comofe fafcicle of leaves arranged 
in feveral ranks, thefe are alternate, fparfely ambient, imbri- 
cately crowded, horizontally diverging, recurved, lorate- 
lanceolate, entire, fmooth, veinlefs, tough, pliant, (lightly 
channelled-depreffed, towards their bafe convolute-concave, 
ftem-embracing, finely nerved, paler underneath, with a lon- 
gitudinal midrib, outer ones generally penduloufly bent back ; 
Stem from their centre, far fmaller than caudex, upright, geni- 
culately flexuofe, paniculately branched ; branches divaricately 
patent, alternate, diftant, lower ones fubcompounded, upper 
becoming gradually fhorter and at lafl obfolete, all fheathed by 
a membranous, convolute-concave, acuminate leaflet ; flowers 
very numerous, placed in clofe glomerate umbels or crowdedly 
capitate racemes at end of the branches, intermixed with fhort 
paleaceous bracles ; at the lower part of the panicle we gene- 
rally find one or more axillary floral fafcicles ; upper fafcicles 
feffile; pedicle s far fhorter than corolla, filiform; corolla whitilh, 
urceolate-hypocrateriform, tube angularly cylindrical, ventricofe 
at the bafe, limb fix-parted, Jegments revolutely rotate, nearly 
equal, oblong or fubcuneate, channelled, incurved at the end, 
inwards fhining with a red ft ripe outwards ; the whole corolla 
winds itfelf fpirally as it decays, enveloping the growing get- 
men; filaments filiform-lanceolate, thickeft in the middle, 
tapering towards each end, ftanding with a geniculate bend 
on the neck of the tube, equal to the fegments, diverging ; 
anthers final lifli, ovate-oblong, incumbent ; Jlyle capillary, far 
flenderer but even with the ilamens, upright ; fligmas three, 
lobe-form, rounded ; germen (mall, ovate-oblong, trigonal, 
with a Tingle ovulum in each cell ; capfule a round, tripulvinate- 
fphaerical, trilocular berry, with a fingle feed in each cell ; of 
this Mr. Salisbury informs us he is in pofleffion of feveral 

A native of the Coaft of Guinea. In the Bankfian Her- 
"barium we find a fpecimen of it fent from Sierra Leone, by 
Prof. Afzelius. Cultivated at Chelfea by P. Miller, i° 
1 768. Blooms in our hot-houfes at various feafons ; the fcent 
to us appeared like that of new hay, and was too powerful in 
the evening to be endured in a room. For our information 
concerning the fruit we are obliged to Mr. R. A. Salisbury; 
ve had indeed previoufly, judging by analogy, concluded it 
to be filch as he defcribes it, having examined that of two 
clofely-allied fpecies, which we found to be precifely of this 
nature. Communicated by M r. Lo d d i g e s of Hackney. 0* 


[ 1082 ] 

Pancratium Rotatum (ol) American 

4j t f ft I f t frft ljt ifr frlfr ifr fl ft . ft . ft . 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide N um ' 718. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM rotatum (umbella bi-uniflora) foliis pluribus 
bifariis, fublineari-loratis, canaliculars, 
flxiatis ; corolla feffili, laciniis a bafi diva- 
ricato-radiantibus, tubo tereti fubaequalibus, 
lineari-loratis ; corona ftaminilega deorfum 
fubtriquetro-cylindracea, furfum turbinato- 
campanulata, filamentorum medium ultra 
protenfa, e bail a laciniis libera. G. 

PANCRATIUM rotatum. Vid. fupra No. B27. 

PANCRATIUM difaforme. Lil. a Redoute, tab. i 55 . 

{«■) biflora - coronae ftaminilegae limbo campanulato ; foliis 
linearibus, latitudine fubfemiunciali. G. 

\r)pluriflora ; coronae ftaminilegae: limbo rotatim expanfo ; 
iohis latitudine unci-fefquiunciali, fublanceolato-loratis. G. 

Wota. Supra ex incuria in No. 923* inter fynonyma AMARYLLIDIS 
ornatse manere pajji Junius A. bulbifpermam. Burm. Prod. 9 (ibi male 19) ; 
t u f. e ft P^ anta aujirali-africana, at que in fynonymia A M A R Y L L 1 D I s longi - 
tohas (fupra No. 661. J pofttam ejje debuijjet, licet et ab a/iis plerifque male 
r. ea t Ji m Crini afiatici quam A. zeylanicae (nobis ornata? var.J inferta 
•/'*• G, 

Had we feen the prefent variety at the time we gave a name 

to the fpecies, we ihould not have applied that of rotatum, 

which certainly does not characterize it in this ftate. The 

ormer fpecimen was raifed by Mr. Loddiges from American 

ee <J; the prefent is the produce of a Bulb received by him 


from the fame quarter, fioth are exceeding fragrant, more 
peculiarly fo in the night-time. Leaves about eight. Style 
green for a confiderable way, as is the ftigma. 

After a ftricl: fcrutiny of Linnjeus's Pancratium caro- 
linianum (tnaritimum. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 42.) taken up by him 
from Catesby's figure and defcription ; we have very little 
doubt but that it is in reality the reprefentation of the Euro- 
pean maritimum, which Catesby probably faw in bloom at 
fome of the Englifli gardens of that day ; when judging from 
general appearance, he believed it to be the fame with the 
plant which he fays he had feen in America, and which moft 
likely was in fact the prefent fpecies ; with this impreffion he 
had it figured, and publifhed it for what he believed it to be. 
We fufpeci alfo that the Lilium penfylvanicum of our No. 
872 (L. concolor. Parad. Lond. t. 47.) though decidedly a 
diftinct fpecies from bulbiferum> has no better pretenfion 10 
an American pedigree; the figure of it is found in the Work 
on the Natural Hiftory of Carolina, by the fame author, where 
he tells us that he faw the plant in bloom in England, at Mr. 
Co l l 1 n s o n 's, in 1 745, and that it was a Penfyl vanian vegetable. 
But we are much deceived, if, inftead of being a child of 
America, its parentage be not to be traced back to either 
China or Japan. We fufpeci: it to be the L. philadelphicum. 
Vhunb. Flor.Jap. 135, which is the Lilium bulbiferum. fbunb. 
Aft. Soc. Linn, Lond u v. 2. p. 333 ; not the philadelphicum of this 
work; which might have been, however, the plant that Catesby 
took it for, when he faw it in England ; judging from diftant 
recollection only. The many concurrent data from which ve 
have formed the above judgment,, it would be too tedious to 
detail here. The Pancratium mexicanum* taken up by 
Linn£us from a figure in Hort. Elihamenjis l we take to be 
merely aweakfpecimen of the P. littorale{$.) Supra iVc.825. Q« 


C 1083 ] 

Eucomis Undulata. Undulated- 
Leaved Eucomis. 

♦ ♦ » » $ $$ p$ f $ ft »» ft ft ji jfr fr 

Ck/jr ##i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. — £7;/. AT aw * 913. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EUCOMIS undulata fcapo cylindrico ; foliis plurimis ra- 
diatim ambientibus, recurvatim reclinatis, loratis, 
lanceolatim oblongis, undulatis, eartilagineo- 
crenulatis; corolla radiato-rotata ; ftaminibus 
divaricatis, incurvulis ; coma fere racemi longi- 
tudine. G. 

EUCOMIS undulata. HorL Kew. 1. 433. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
93. Mart. Mill. DiR. 

EUCOMIS regia. Liliac. a Redoute, tab. 175. exclufis fyn. 
Linnzei, Dillenii, Miller!, et Hort. Kew. 

BASILjEA coronata. Lam. Encyc. 1. 382. illufir. tab. 289, 

j^N T ITHOGALUM undulatum. Thnnb. Prod. 62. 
^RITILLARIA autumnalis ; racemo inferne nudo foliis ob- 
longis mucronatis. Mill. Dili. ed. 8. n. 10. 

Descr. Bulb ovate, imbricately tunicate, tunics thick, 

e,h y, lower ones fhorter, placed on very thick cylindric 

T °°tftock with a truncatelv flattened bale that protrudes 

el °w them; leaves radiately ambient, divaricate -patent, 

^curved- reclined, lanceolate-oblong, lorate, obfoletely and 

a ? ml y nerved-lineate, undulate (which charafter difappears 

* th ey decay) with a finely crenulate cartilaginous edge, and a 

n n § ltu dinal carinately prominent midrib beneath ; thefe are 

grower and longer than in regia, more acuminate and not 

mu ch tapered downwards, being from an inch to an inch 


and half acrofs, above a foot long ; Stem central, cylindric, 
not tapered ; raceme cylindrical, about the length of the coma, 
or tuft of leaves that crowns it, thefe are in feveral rows lan- 
ceolate, of the fame nature but many times fmaller than the 
root-leaves; bracles fhorter than flowers; corolla fomewhat 
nodding, greenifh, fix-parted, rotately patent, turbinately 
contracted at the bafe ; figments equal, oval-oblong, mutually 
diverging ; filaments connected together downwards by a fhort 
ftaminilegous coronet or web, which is adnate to the lower 
part of the corolla, from a broadifh bafe gradually attenuated, 
fubulate, patently diverging, incurved, rather lower than feg- 
ments ; Germen round-ovate, tritorofely trigonal ; Style the 
length of the ftamens, whitifh, fubulate-filiform, upwards 
hooked-incurved ; Stigma fimple, a terminal inconfpicuous 
point ; Capfule roundifh, trigonal, angles fulcate ; Seeds many, 
about nine in each cell. 

Raifed in Chelfea Gardens, by P. Miller, from feeds re- 
ceived from the Cape of Good Hope, in 1760. Blooms in 
the autumn ; did not appear to us to have any kind of fcent. 
Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic Garden, 
Brompton. G. 


C 1084 3 

Dracocephalum Peregrinum. Twin- 
Flowered Dragon's-Head. 

^hInHmMuNhJi -W^NHNMrt 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Corolla faux inflata : labium fuperius concaVum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DRACOCEPHALUM peregrinum; floribus fubfpicatis, foliis 

lanceolatis remote mucronaio-denta- 
tis, brafteis lineari-lanceolatis fub- 
denticulato-fpinofis. Willi. Sp. PL 3. 

DRACOCEPHALUM peregrinum. Sp. PL 829. Syft. Veg. 

543. Reich. 3. 87. Am<en. Acad. 4. 

318. L'Herit. Stirp. Nov. 2. t. 28. 

inedit. Mart. Mill. Dia. n. 5. Hort. 
r\ Keiv. 2 . P > q 1 6. 

DRACOCEPHALUM foliis lanceolato'-Iinearibus rarius den- 

tatis fpinulofifque floribus gemellis. 

Zinn in Aft. Gcetting. 3, p, 4.36, 

RUYSCHIANA vmidfuZt WlLDi£%. 

Ruv)l PeC1 i. eS . 1S yer y neRr] y alIied t0 Dracocephalum 
denticnCf' be ! n S ^fly diftinguifhed by the fharp-pointed 

differenr ° nS u". the Ieaves and braaes > and ' befides ^e 
in naiV; • u , ! r form and coIour > b X the flower s blowing 
culiariti ca - F m ° Uths both turned the fame wa X * a pe- 
OmzlL h UOtl - Cd by ZlNN ' to the c °nftancy of which 
*f Dears witnefs, and whence we were induced to adopt 


the Englifti name of twin-flowered. The fynonym from Mo- 
rison, applied to Ruyfchiana by Linn^us andGMELiN, has 
in the Hortus Kewenfis been transferred to the fpecies here 
figured, upon which authority our plant is faid to have been cul- 
tivated by Bobart before the year 1699; but Morison's 
defcription and figure appears to us rather to belong to Dra- 
cocephalum Ruyfchiana t where it is retained by Willde- 
now, and if fo, the defcription of Dracocephalum pere- 
grinum in Martyn's Miller's Dictionary, copied from 
Mori son, does not belong to our plant, nor does it at all 
agree with thofe of Gmelin and Zinn : Miller may then 
be confidered as having firft cultivated it in the Botanic 
Garden at Chelfea, about the year 1758. Flowers in July and 
Auguft. Is a hardy perennial, and propagated by feeds or 
parting its roots. 

Our drawing was taken laft fummer at Mr. Salisbury's 
Botanic Garden, Brompton. 



[ io8 5 ] 
Aralia Hispida. Hispid Aralia; 

Oafs and Order, 
Pentandria Pentagynia- 

Generic Chara&er, 

Involucrum umbellulae. Cat 5-dentatus, fuperus. Cor. 5- 
petala. Bacca 5-fperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

ARALIA hifpida # caule frutefcente hifpido, foliis duplicato- 
pinnatis : foliolis ovato-lanceolatis argute ferratis 

ARALIA hifpida; humilis, ima parte frutefcens : caulibus 
foliifque fetis rigidis hifpidis : foliis duplicato pin- 
natis; foliolis incifo ferratis: umbellulis pauciffi- 
mis, longiufcule pedunculitis. Micbaux Flor. Bor, 
Am. 1. p, 185. 

A low fhrub. Stem, particularly at the lower part, covered 
with rigid hairs, more thinly fcattered at the upper parts of 
the branches, and on the footftalks, till they difappear in the 
leaflets. Petioles flattened and ftem-embracing at the bafe, 
rounded upwards; leaves doubly pinnate: leaflets oyate- 
ianceolate, acutely- fometimes incifedly-ferrate, fmooth, veined, 
terminal ones generally ternate, and lower ones frequently 
a Ppendicated with one or two fmaller ones, either diftind or 
running into one another. Peduncles axillary, erefl, fomewhat 
branched, with a fingle linear, ciliated brade. Umbels ereQ ; 
involucre of feveral fubulate, ciliated leaflets : pedicles three 
lI mes as long as the involucre. Calyx minute, fuperior, five- 
cle ft. p eta i s fj ve> re fl exec |, filaments longer than corolla: 
others white. Germen egg-fliaped, ftriate : Jlyles five, prefTed 
together. Unripe feed vejfel five-grooved, crowned with the 
bv e rcflexed ftyles, five-celled. Seeds oblong, folitary, affixed 

to the upper part of the cell. The plant when bruifed has a 
difagreeable fmell and a naufeous bitter tafte. 

This plant, firft detected by Michaux in the fteep rocty 
mountains between Canada and Hudfon's-Bay, was, as we 
believe, introduced into this country by Mr. Lyons. 

It is one of thofe which, after being preferved a little while 
on account of their novelty, having no beauty or other pleafing 
qualities to recommend them, are generally foon fufFered to 
perifh. But as it has never been before figured or defcribed, 
except in the character quoted above from Michaux, we 
apprehend this notice of it will not be unacceptable to our 
botanical friends. Flowers in July. Communicated by Mr. 

Thofe who wifh to preferve it fhould, as we judge from its 
native place, take care to plant it in a poor and dry foil. 



[ 1086 ] 


f ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦frfrf ♦♦<♦♦♦%♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Cap/, fupern, 10-valvis, 10-locularis. 
Sent, fplitaria. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LINUM auftriacum ; calycibus rotundatis obtufis, foliis li- 

nearibus acutis reftiufculis. Linn. Mant. 359. Willd. 

Sp. PL 1538. Jacq. Aujl. t. 418. Scop. Cam. n. 388. 

Pollich Pal. 319. Hoffm. Germ. 112. Roth Germ. 1. 

140. //. 372. Krock. Silef. n. 488. 
LINUM fylveftre angufti folium, foliis rarioribus. Bauh. Pin. 

LINUM fylveftre 11. Tavern. Ic. 822. 

The Auftrian Flax is nearly allied to the common and the 
perennial Flax j it has however much ihorter peduncles, and 
confequently a more compact panicle, which gives it a dif- 
ferent habit ; this difference is aided too by the peduncles 
being refleaed whilft the flower is in bud. 

The general habit is well expreffed in the figure quoted 
above from Tabernjsmontanus, but the calyx is incor- 
fe&Iy reprefented as acute. It is a hardy perennial, flowers 
ln June and July, and may be propagated by parting its roots. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 

C 1087 ] 



Clafs and Order, 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Charatter. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petalaij. Ca^fupera, 10-valvis, 10-locularis. 
Bemina folitaria. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

LINUM afcyrifolium ; calycibus hirfutis acuminatis, floribus 
fubfpicatis : fpicis revolutis, foliis alternis cordato- 
ovatis pubefcentibus : fuperioribus fuboppofitis. 

LINUM fylveftre latifolium /. Cluf. Hifp. p. 352. 

LINUM fylveftre latifolium //. Cluf. Htjl. 

LINUM fylveftre latifolium hirfutum candidum, purpureis 
venis diftinclum. Bank. Pin. 214. Mori/. Hijl. 2. 
p. 573. n. 6. 

LINUM fylveftre latifolium foliis hirfutis Tithymali Helio- 
fcopii. Hijl. Lugd. 1. p. 417. ? 

Clusius, in his account of the plants of Spain, defcribes a 
fpecies of Flax which he met with near a deferted church in 
Portugal, putting forth frefh (hoots in the month of November, 
and luckily with fome of the feed-veffels ftill remaining on the 
decayed (talks. Thefe he took with him to Holland, and 
raifed a fingle plant, which continued to bear flowers at the 
«tter-end of the fummer, for fome years, but produced no 
* ee d. He defcribes this plant as haying, from one root, three 
°r four (lender downy Hems a foot high, divided near the top 
into two or three branches, rolled back at their extremities in 
jhe manner of the greater Turnfole, and covered with white 
flowers veined with purple, nearly as large as thofe of the 
Mallow j the leaves, he fays, are rather wide, downy, three- 

nerved, and not unlike thofe of the Afcyron (Hypericum 
quadrangulare.) From the time of Clusius we find no men- 
tion made of this plant, except what has been copied from 
him, unlefs the flight mention of a fpecies of Linum, in the 
Hiftoire Generate des Plantes, publifhed at Lyons, above 
quoted, be, as is confidered byBAUHiN, a fynonym of this. 
The above description we apprehend is fully competent to mow 
that the plant here figured is the fame with that of Clusius. 
The Linum agrejie of Brotero, being, as he fays, very nearly 
allied to the common Flax, can have nothing to do with the 
one Clusius found ; which, as this author has himfelf re- 
marked, is very nearly allied to Linum hirfutum t of which, 
perhaps, both this and Linum hypericifolium (No. 1048) may 
be only varieties. 

Our plant was feveral years fince in the Botanic Garden at 
Brompton, where our drawing was taken ; but from whence 
it came, or by what means it was loft, we are ignorant. 

Flowers in July and Auguft ; is a very beautiful fpecies, and 
its reftoration to our gardens is very deferable. 



[ io88 ] 

Gethyllis Spiralis. Thread-Leaved 


4HMH* ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦ ##* -$• * #♦♦ 

C/#/jr and Order. 
Hexandria vel Polyandria Monogynia, aut Polya- 


Generic Character. 
Spatha membranacea, univalvis. Cor. fupera, hypocrateri- 
formis, tubo ftri&o, pedunculoideo, partim fubterraneo, fuperne 
cavo, limbo hexapetalo-partito, laciniis ovato-lanceolatis, fub- 
aequalibus, ftellato-patentibus. Fil. fubulata, a fenis fimplicibus 
duodenifve per paria vel octodenis per trina junftis ad ufque 
numerora in fafciculos fenos polyandros fegregata vel etiam 
numerofiffima fimpliciter aggregata, tubi collum circumpofita, 
laciniis perbreviora. Anth. fagittato-lineares, erectae, plerurn- 
que fuperne fpiraliter flexae. Stylus inferne cum tubo confoli- 
datus inde liberus, filiformis, ereclus. Stig. fimplex, aut 
tngono-capitatum. Bacca 3-Iocularis, clavato-cylindracea, fuc- 
culenta, fubdiaphana, deorfum caffa, a germine fubfefiili akius 
iubterraneo per fuccrefcentem fcapum extraterranea evadens. 
«w. numerofa, nidulantia, fubcomprefro-fphaeroidea. G* 

^Jbs. Genus infuo ordine, quatenus nobis obfervato, ob mi ram in numero 

Jtominum diverjitatem injiantia jingularis. Eft vero horum diverjorum >;w- 

dorum unufqutfque in propria Jim jpecie certus et perpetuus, nee firtuitus 

at i Ue /arus ac ft aliquo iuxuriantis nature iufu oriundus ; dum baud fit 

olterius pnenuncius difcrepantice ultra mutuas Jpecierum inter fe diagnofes 

val'tura. R a di x Bulbus ovoideus, furfum imbricatim tunicatus, vel mods 

J ut> Jquamatus, fapius mernbranaceo-vejiitus ; rhizoma plerumque umbonatim 

prominent, nunc altius cylindraceo-demifum ; folia diu poji peraBam an- 

? e Jtn prodeuntia y jam modo maturajcente fruttu vegeta, ambienter fafucuhta, 

yerne vaginis fubbinis radicalibus fcariojo-membranaceis colligata, fuperne 

wtrgentia, a hrato-lanceolatis numerojifque adfemitereti-filiformia Jubjena- 

f e \ Vart ' e torta, modo plana, modo undata, modo pubefcentia. Scapusjo/i- 

f n »' ""fa™, extrafoliaceo-lateralis, de fiorifero fubnulh grofiificante 

J^ttujenfim produfius. Bacca edulis, grate olens, varie lutefcens, tranj- 

uce »libus/emmibus maculofa ; pulpa farcla fuccofd, epidermide tecla pra- 

'*»' • Sem . magnitudine eorum Sinapeos. icata et lanceolata uti 

"Ypoxis veratrifolia reclius Curculigini adjicienda. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
GET HYLLIS Spiralis ; foliis fubfenis e bafi tumidiufcula 
femitereti-nliformibus, canaliculars, nudis, ri- 
gidiufculis, fuperne fpiraliter tortis modoque 
in gyros circumvolutis; flaminibus fenis fim- 
plicibus. G. 


G ETHYL LI S fpiralis. Linn. SuppJ. 198. Thumb. Dijf.n. 1. 
Nov. Gen. 14. Prod. 59. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 104; 
exclufa Gethyllide afra Linn. Sp. PL 633; 
quae fpecies omni parte major ftaminibus duo- 
denis foliifque totidem anguftis linearibus nee 
vero femitereti-filiformibus, eflque eadem cum 
G.fpirali Horti Kewenfis. 

VAPIR1 A fpiralis. Thunb. Aft. Phyfiogr. up. 111. 

Descr. Bulb whitifh, ovate, about the fize of a nutmeg, 
fquamofe, in perfeft: fpontaneous fpecimens covered by one or 
more fcariofely membranous coats ; rootjlock proje£Hng be- 
neath, annularly rugofe ; fibres fleihy, branched ; leaves about 
fix, appearing long after the flower has decayed, full-grown 
about the time that the fruit is ripe, ambient, fafcicled, upright, 
diverging, from fomewhat fwollen dilated convolutely con- 
duplicate bafes femicylindrically filiform, fetaceoufly tapered, 
channelled, ftiffifh, naked, upwards twifted fpirally and fome- 
times coiled with one or more turns, generally enveloped 
downwards by two membranous rootjfjeaths : flower fragrant, 
whitifh, folitary, hypocrateriform ; tube pedunclelike, roundift, 
ftraight, partly within the ground, 3—4 times longer than 
Segments, which are ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, radiately ex- 
panded, outer ones more tapered and fpotted on the outfide 
with thickfet confluent red dots ; filaments placed on the orifice 
of the tube, upright, patent, filiform, 3—4 times fhorter than 
fegrnents; anthers linear-oblong, fubfagittate, upright, fixed by 
the bafe, equal to filaments, recurved ; jlyle when free from the 
tube filiform, flender, even with itamens ; ftigma trilobately 
capitate ; berry ftraw-coloured, cylindrically clubbed, about 
two inches long, lateral, on the outfide of the fafcicle of leaves, 
enveloped at the bafe by a membranous fcariofe convolute 
^: v ^ ved fP atb '* gradually elevated above ground from « 
iubiemle fubterraneous germen , efculent ; fragrant. 

1 he .prelent fpecies has been univerfally but erroneouflv 
considered to be the fame with the afra of LiNNAitf, * hicb 
is altogether much larger, with twelve ftamens and as many 

vT- % c ! n f ftead of onl y fix of ea <* ; nor are they femicy- 
iindnc-nliform, but linear and narrowly lorate. Spontaneous 
ipecimens, as well as drawings, made by the late Mr. Mass?* 
at the Cape of Good Hope of both fpecies, together with thf 
ot leveral unrecorded ones, are now in the pofleffion of Mcffrj 
M and Kennedy, along with the reft of the Herbarium and 
defigns of that indefatigable colleaor. 

.1. xr r d / awin § was wade from a plant that flowered laft Jul)' in 
he Nurfcry of MeflYs. Gibbs, Brompton. Very few fpecies are 
known in our gardens, and thofe have rarely bloomed. G. 

/ £*•* D.Z JU UT (Lr&r j^eZ fy c 

9/i etit Murlltog jp 

C 1089 ] 

Amaryllis Humilis (/3.) Salmon- 

Coloured Amaryllis. ^ 

.sLi. y»„>'«. "it. j&. sSc "4" »J» •■''..'iSt. jJs. *>!t..j&. *ls. 
"Tjc v ! «^v,'» sjr vfr vj« vpr «■,« v,« vsr *jc >,« ?pr vjir 

C/j/}, Order, Genus, &c. — Fid. No. 923*. 

AMARYLLIS humilis. Vid.fupra No. 726. 

(a) floribus minoribus, paucioribus, rofeo-rubentibus. G. 

{(3) floribus majoribus, pluribus, fubminiato-rubentibus. G. 

Specierbm Synthesis. 
Cor. infundib. inferius turbinatim tubulofa, fuperius regulari- 

* Subuniflor<e. 
cluiiana. Nobis. Narcissus autumnalis minor. Clnf. Hijl. l. 

cxigua. Scbonjboe Maroc. P. 1. p. 160. An diverfa antece- 

dente ? G. 
cokhiciflora. Nobis. Sternebergia colchiciflora. Kitaib. 
' pi. rar. Hung. t. 159. Narc. perficus. Cluf. 
HiJI. 1. 162, 163. 
lutea. Supra tab. 290. 

pumilio. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 50. Bauer's Sketches, v. 1. BibL 

Bank/. Icon fine iitulo. Dehinc cohaerere videtur 

genus cum Leucojo et Strumaria, rurfus 

inter fe aegre difcriminandis. G. 

tubiflora. Willd. I. c. 51. Lil. Narc croccus monanthos. 

Feu ill. Peruv. 3. 29. t. 20. 
tubifpatha. Willd. I. c. , 

chilenfis. Id. I. c. exclufo monentibus Ruiz et Pavon Feuillaei 
fynonymo. Cum 3 fubfequentibus faucem ha- 
bens membranaceo-fquamatam, inde Narcis- 
sum et Pancratium collinens. G. 
flammea. Ruiz et Pavon. Flor. Peruv. 1c. 286-/6. Narc. 
monanthos coccineus. Feuill. Peruv. 3. 29. t.21. 
Peruviana. Nobis, aurea. Ruiz et Pavon. I c. Ic 286. /. a. 
Nonne eadem cum tubiflora fupra enumerata ? G. 
b»color. R u i<z €t Pavon. I. c. 52. 
njaculata. Willd. I. c. 52. 

davata. Id. I.e. Nonne eadem cum ejurdem Cyrtantho 
ventricofo /. c. 49, qui anguftifolius Jacq. H. 
Schoenb. 1. 40. /. 76 ? G. 
Atarnafco. Supra tab. 305. 

L °f. infund. infra turbinato-tubulofa, Umbo ringente, irregular 1. 

** Uniflora. 

** Unifiora, 
formofiflima. Supra tab. 47. 

Cor. infund. turbinato-tubulofa, limbo ringente y vel fubirregulari t 
vel regular i. 

*** Bi-multiflora. 
equeftris. Supra tab. 305. miniata. Ruiz et Pavon. I. c. p. 57 t 
Reginae. Supra tab. 453. brafilienfis. Bot. Rep. tab. 358. 
reticulata. Supra tab. 657. 
Belladonna. Supra tab. 733. 
vittata. Supra tab. 129. 
purpurea. Willd. I. c. 55. Bauer. I c. 1c. abfque titulo ; elata. 

J acq. H. Schoenb. v. 1. 32. tab. 62. 
falcata. Willd. I. c. 55. Cri num. J acq. Hort. Vindb. 3. t. 60; 
tantum non Cyrtanthus quia corolla nee paux- 
illum fefe flexit. G. 
longifolia. Supra tab. 661. bulbifperma. Burtn. Prod, Fl. c, 9. 
revoluta. Supra tab. 915 et No. 917. Bauer. I. c. Ic.fine ti- 
tulo. variabilis. Jacq. H. Schoenb. v. 4. tab, 
ornata. Supra tab. 923*. var. |3. hujus varietates Ama- 
ryllis fpe&abilis. Bot. Rep. tab. 390. Crinum 
yuccseflorum. Parad. Lond. t. 52, et Crinum la- 
tifolium. Bot. Rep. tab. 478 ; quarum poftrema 
planta eft orientali-indicus. Dehincne Crinum 
continuans ? G. 
latifolia. Willd. I. c. 57. Sjovanni-poli-tali. Rbeede Malab, v. 

11. 39. 
Cor. hexapetalo- velfubhexapetalo-partita. 

**** Umbellatine multifior<e. 
aurea. Supra tab. 409. 

curvifolia. Supra tab. 725 ; ubi corolla colore inducitur a vivo 
profe&o alieno, ille enim vivide coccineus. G. 
venufta. Supra tab. 1090. 
farnienfis. Supra tab. 294. 
radiata. Bot. Rep. tab. 95 . R ox b. PI. Coromand, inedit. cum 

tab. fine titulo. 
undulata. Supra tab. 369. 
humilis. Supra tab. 7 26 et 1089. 

flexuofa. y^. J/. Schoenb. v. \. 35. ^£. 67. Indene cum 
Brunsvigia continua ? G. 

N. Reliquae a Willdenovio buc relatae plantae ad Br^n s ; 
vigiam (Heijl. monogr. et Nobis fupra No. 923*. in obfervationis 
cake) aut Strumariam. reBius amandari poflunt ; praeter 
eafptam Alm congenerem, tataricam et montanam Amaryl- 
lide turn habitu turn chara&ere difientientes. Linearis de- 
fcriptio nimis manca ; quando vero habeat corollae lacinias 
duas anguftiores videretur vel inde genere recedere. G, 

JvdJldvardrDel. Ai.^T.&rJ^ J» Go-Crt/b^ Mm.iso*. JTS^nS^ 

[ logo ] 

Amaryllis Venusta, Poppy-Coloured 

*♦♦♦$»♦*♦♦» ♦ » »+# 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char after. — Vide N um - 923* 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

AMARYLLIS venufla ; foliis lineari-loratis, canaliculato- 
concavis fimul cum inflorefcentia vigentibus; 
corolla hexapetalo-partita, rotata, laciniis 
lanceolato-oblongis, fuperne revolutis ; or- 
ganis, fafciculatim ereclis ; ftigmate obfolcte 
trigono-capitato. G. 

{*) floribus faturate coccineis. G. 

W) iloribus fubrofeo-rubentibus. G. 

AMARYLLIS farnienfis. j3. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. />. 34. 
tab. 66. mild. Sp. PL 2. 59 . 

Both varieties are enumerated in the above-quoted work 

Jacquin, where the defcripuon is far more accurate 

than the figure. The fpecies differs from farnienfis, of which 

it has been deemed a mere variety, in having leaves that are 

Produced at the fame time with the bloom, and not Tome time 

,h eie of a glaucous hue nor laterally curved ; from bumilis, in 
n ot having three deeply feparated ftigmas. 
. A native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was 
import*}, as well as A. humilis (3. of the preceding article, by 
n lIrs - Gib as, Nurferymen, at Brompton, with whom both 
powered laft November and perfe£ted feeds, which were 
eve ral m each cell, globular, and fomewhat larger than thofe 
Qt muftard. G. 

C 1091 ] 

Veltheimia Glauca. Glaucous-Leaved 

C/4/} #/zi Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor infera, cylindraceo-tubulofa, pendulo-cernua, limbo 

breviflimo, fexpartito, erea©-patulo, regular!, laciniis fubae- 

quahbus. Fit. hujus medio tenus adnata iride libera, filifbrmia, 

ereQa, inclufa. Stylus fubulato-filiformis, declinatus, cufpide 

itigmatofa terminates. Cap/, fubpellucido-membranacea, fub- 

ovatim mob .idinacea, pendula, loculis tnbus fubmonofpermis 

in alas caff ; compreflb-di'vat^. Sem. aciniformi-oDovata. G. 

^BS.^ Radix Bulbus diverfimodo evatus, imbricato-tunicatus, laminis 
trajjis, wits brev:oribus ; rhizoma /ubtus prominent, nunc maximum trun- 
catum cum diametro ei totius compagis ferme aquali. Folia plum, radical «, 
jajciculahm ambientia, deorfum convoiuto-condupUcantia, vaginanlia, jnr/um 
tvergerUta, laminis lanceolato-oblongis, loratim explanatis, "cojla craffa cari- 
nattm niter/eclis. Scapus cylindraceus, centralis, ercclus. I nflor.' Jpicato- 
racemoja, ereila, fajligiata, con/erta, retror/um imbricata, per bradeas 
memdranaceas, convoiuto-concavas, aenminatas pedicel lis fili/on.iibus Ion- 
g}°res interjlmcla ; Cor. /ub/e/quiuncialis. AvAh./agittato-wata. Sem. 
TO " m K dlUm cu J u fi ue tywli a nguli interns appitla. \uoufque differt Tr I- 
OAr* A ^- LoiDE af 9 ue Aletrjde eji videndum /upr'a No. 744 in noftra 
ut >J. Hue revocanda Aletris cape nils No. 501. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

^LTHEIMIA glauca \ bulbo ovali-oblongo, pyramfdato, 
cum rhizomate prominente craffitudine fibi 
fere pari; foliis fubfeptenis, glaucinis, lan- 
ceolato-oblongis, loratis, corollas limbi laci- 
niis dentiformibus, obtufe attenuatis, extimis 

y p recurvatis. G. 

vELTHEliVIIA glauca. Jacq. Uort. Schoenb. 1. 40. tab. 77. 

AI1?T miid.sp. pi. 1. 182. 

ALETRIS glauca. Hort. Kew. 1. 463. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

ESCR * Bulb oblong-ovate, pyramidal, tunicate, imbri- 

, e upwards ; root/lock prominent beneath, nearly the ihick- 

fe C °* tne entire bulb; fibres fiefhy, fimple ; leaves about 

en > lorate, lanceolate-oblong, with rather remote deprefled 



nerved lines, die intervals being fomewhat raifed, (lightly 
undate, glaucous, ambient, fafcicled, from upright diverging, 
towards their bafe mutually convolute-flieathing, traverfed 
longitudinally by a fubcarinate midrib, inner ones longeft; 
/cape central, cylindrical, about as high or a little higher than 
thefe, green, coloured downwards by thickfet red dots; raceme 
terminal, (piked, many-flowered, clofe, reflexed-imbricate, 
oblong, faftigiate, ufually terminated by a fort of coma of 
fterile braf/es, thefe are membranous convolute-concave, fub- 
ulate, longer than the filiform pedicles though fhorter than the 
flowers ; corollas cernuous, mutually incumbent, whitifh with 
red fpots, from an inch to an inch and half Jong, fubclavately- 
tubular, fubgibbofely enlarged near their middle, where they 
are (lightly curved; limb very fhort, upright-patulous, toothedly 
fix-parted ; /egments ovate, obtufe, (lightly attenuated, tips of 
the inner ones inflected, of the outer recurved-patent, thefe 
laft are alfo broader and fliorter ,• filaments filiform-fubulate, 
about the length of the tube, as far as to the middle of which 
they are decurrently adnate, then detached, alternate ones 
fomewhat the fhorteft ; anthers fmall, fagittate-ovate, inferted 
at their bafe, upright, even with the bafe of the limb ; germen 
green, oblong-oval, prifmformed, hexagonally fulcate ; flyle 
about twice the length of this, rather higher than ftamens, 
flender, triquetral-fubulate, declined, upwards twilled, hookedly 
bent ; Jligma a mere point. In our fpecimen the upper part 
of the inner coats of the Bulb were membranoufly attenuated 
arid extended into a kind of rootfheaths of a red colour ; but 
this does not feem to be always the cafe. A hardy green- 
houfe plant of eafy culture, blooming about November or 

The drawing of this rare fpecies was made at the Nurfery 
of MeiTrs. Gibbs, who received it two years fince from the 
Cape of Good Hope, from whence it had been introduced 
into Kew gardens by Mr. Winch in 1781. G. 


No. 661, pag. alt. I. 24, o S for « in having" read « in not having. 
JN.O. 1034, 1. ,8, pro " terra" lege " terram" 

JN°- «07,j, I. 18, pro " atitea" lege " ante." 

No. 1074, 1. penult, pro « tab" lege " * " 

No. ,074, 1. ult. poft « S.hoenb. ,.» adde « /. A r tai g_ » 


'*AE***rdrI>tl J^l l y T r - 

J^ Sanfom 

C 1092 ] 

Anthyllis Cretica. Cretan Kidney- 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal. ventricofus 5-dentatus, inaequalis, perfiftens. Corolla 
vexillum alis et carina longius. Legum. fubrotundum, 1 — 3- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ANTHYLLIS cretica j foliis ternatis pinnato-quinatifque 

tomentofis, floribus denfe fpicatis, calycibus 

ariftatis plumofis corolla longioribus. 
ANTHYLLIS cretica. Lam. Encyc. 1. p. 203. Willd. Sp. 

PI. 3. 1019. 
EBENUS cretica. Linn. Sp. PL 1076. Mant. 451. Reich. 

438. Hort. Kew. 3. 27. Mart. Mill. Din. 

a. 1. Alp. Exot. 279. /. 278. Pon. bald. 51. 

ed. Ital. 128. Belli in Cluf. Hi/I. 1. p. 301. 

Rati Hijl. 1. p. 948. 
ANTHYLLIS fruticofa foliolis ternatis ac quinatis Ianceo- 

latis tomentofis. Sauv. Metb. 237. 
JRIFOLIUM fpicis ovatis villofis, caule frmicofo. Roy. 

Lugd. 380. 
tf ARBA JOVIS cytififolio, flore rubello. Bar. Rar. t. 377 cl 

TRIFOLIUM purpureum Ebenus cretica dictum. Pink. Aim. 

wTISUS incanus creticus. Baub. Pin. 390. 

L YTISI genus miffum nomine Ebeni fecundi. Bauh. Hijl. 1. 

A 374- 

This handfome fhrub, having been cultivated by Philip 
Filler in 1748, is well known in our colleftions under ihe 


name of Ebenus cretica y which was firft impofed upon it by 
Prosper Alpinus or his friend Pona, and being adopted 
by Linnaeus, has become very general; but Lamauck, 
Jussieu, and Willdenow, confider it as a fpecies of An- 
thyllis, and referve the name of Ebenus for the totally 
different tree, which produces the Ebony wood. The plant 
here figured is a native of Candia, and other iflands in the 
Archipelago. Is a hardy greenhoufe fhrub, requiring a great 
deal of air and light, plenty of water in the fummer, but 
very little during the winter. Flowers in June and July. 
Propagated by feeds, which it fometimes perfects in this 
country; though, unlefs properly treated, it rarely even 
flowers. Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Bo- 
tanic Garden, at Brompton. 



C 10 93 ] 


M ♦ ♦ $ ♦ $4 ♦ <mi $ » » »,♦ »$♦ 

C/4/} #«</ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. cylindricus, longus, ftriatus, hifpidus, 5-dentatus, fauce 
barbatus. Cor, tubulofa, longa: limbo brevi 2-Iabiato, fuperius 
reflexo, fubintegro, inferius 3-lobo. Juss. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

ZlZIPHORA Poufchkini ; capitulis fubglobofis verticillatis 
hirfutis, foliis orbiculato-ovatis fubdentatis, 
ftaminibus exfertis, caulibus proftratis. 

ZlZIPHORA Poufchkini. Adams. 

Desc Stems proftrate, villous, red. Leaves fmooth, nearly- 
round, acuminate, fomewhat toothed, but ufually more entire 
than as reprefented in our figure, on long petioles (landing out 
horizontally. Flowers in terminal, round heads, with now 
and then a whorl at a little diftance below. Bracles like the 
eaves > but ciliated and feven-nerved on the under fide. Calyx 
cylindrical, ftriate, and covered with long white foft hairs, 
5- to °thed: teeth nearly equal, 2-labiateIy arranged, three above, 
two below; throat filled with hairs. Corolla blue, //^longer 
than calyx, ftraight : limb bilabiate : upper Up ovate, minutely 
eniarginate, fomewhat rolled back: lower Up 3-lobed, middle 
lobe truncate, not larger than the lateral : throat fjotted. 
stamens two : filaments ere&, coming out of the tube. Style 
nrnple, the length of the ftamens. The iincll, though aromatic, 
,s not plcafant. 


This is the plant we formerly fufpe&ed to be only a variety of 
Ziziphor a Jerpyllacea (vid. No. 906) but having frnce com- 
pared the living plants, we are now fatisfied of their fpecific 
difference. The one here figured is altogether fmaller, with 
ftems more procumbent, flowers of a different colour, fila- 
ments much longer, and has none of the pleafant odour of 
the other. It bears much the fame relation to Z. Jerpyllacea 
as Thymus lanuginofus does to T.Jerpyllum. Both fpecies 
approximate very clofely to the genus Thymus. Perhaps, in- 
deed, the whole genus of Ziziphor a is not naturally diftinft, 
but rather made up of certain fpecies of Thymus, having only 
two ftamens. 

This is alfo a native of Mount Caucafus, and the feeds of 
it received from thence by Mr. Loddiges* Flowers in 
Auguft. Is to be treated as a hardy Alpine. 

CrefcenZJfar. 1 180 & 

JydJPdwardrDe? JT , Carifnm ScuZp 

[ 1094 ] 

Catalpa Syringifolia. Common 



Generic Characler. 

Col. 2-partitus. Cor. campanulata, tubo ventricofo, limbo 5- 
lobo fubbilabiato. Stam. 2 fertilia, 3 fterilia. Stigma 2-lamel- 
latum. Cap/, filiquiformis, Ionga, cylindrica, 2-valvis : diffe- 
pimento valvis oppofito. Semina apice et bafi membranaceo- 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CATALPA /yringi/olia ; foliis cordatis planis. 

BIGNONIA Catalpa ; foliis fimplicibus cordatis ternis, caulc 

ereao, floribus diandris. Sp. PL 868. Wild. 

Sp. PI. 3. 289. Arb. 46. Reich. 3. 155. Mart. 

Mill. Diti. 1. Wangenh. Amer. p. 58. /. 20. 

7.45. Tbunb.Jap.25i- Schmidt Arb. 1. p. 42. 

BIGNONIA Catalpa. Hbrt. Kew. 9. p. U 6 - Mich. Fl. Bor. 

Am. 2. 25. „ 

BIGNONIA Americana arbor fyringae csruleae folio, tJore 

purpureo. Duham.Arb. 1. p. 104. t. 41. 
BIGNONIA urucu foliis, flore fordide albo intus maculis 

purpureis et luteis adfperfo, filiqua longiffima et 

anguftiffima. Catejb. Car. 1. p. 49- '• 49- 
CATALPA bignonioides. Walt. Carol, p. 64. 
KAWARA F1SAGI. Kampf. Aman. 841. U 842. 

After Jussieu, in his Genera Plantarum, from whence the 
above generic charaQer is chiefly taken, had fo fatisfaaon to 
eftablifhed this genus, it is furprifing that all Botamfts mould 

have ftilt continued to unite it with Bignonia, from wjiich 
its habit, two-cleft calyx, and downy feeds, combine to feparate 
it. We fhould not lay much ftrefs upon its never having 
more than two fertile ftamens, had this been the fole difference; 
though, in the artificial fyftem, this circumftance necefTarily 
removes it into a different clafs. It muft be allowed however 
that this feparation is doing the fame violence to nature, as 
the removal of Salvia and Ziziphora from their near relatives 
Dracocephalum and Thymus. Such are the imperfections of all 
artificial arrangements. 

Our fpecific character was framed to diflinguifh it from 
Bignonia lengijfima of Jacquin, the only congener of our 
plant that we are acquainted with, which may be characterifed, 
Catalpa longijfima foliis oblongis undulatis. The Japan 
plant above quoted does not appear to be different from the 
American fpecies ; and B. tomentofa y another native of Japan, 
does not belong to Catalpa, having a five-cleft calyx and 
different feed-veffel and feed. 

The Catalpa, which Catesby fays- was firft difcovered by 
himfelf and brought to Carolina, where it was afterwards much 
cultivated on account of its beauty, has been long an inha- 
bitant of our gardens, being introduced by the fame Botanift 
about the year 1728. In fheltered fituations, if the foil be 
moift and rich, it thrives freely and forms a very handfome tree, 
but where expofed to the north-eaft winds is apt to be greatly 
disfigured by the perifhing of the ends of the fhoots. It bears 
the fmoke of large towns better than mod trees ; the largeft 
fpecimen we have ever feen grows in the garden belonging to the 
Society of Gray's-Inn. 

A native of the banks of the Ohio and MiffnTippi. Flowers 
with us in July and Auguft, but we have never known it 
to produce feeds. 

Our drawing was taken from a very fine tree, growing ' n 
the garden of Granger, Efq. in Exeter. 



SrdSiranLJkl JhiljT&trTur JKreo G-e /c*nZA*mt X ' San/om S*f 

[ 10 95 ] 

Andromeda Coriacea. Shining-Leaved 

, Clafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata: ore 5-fido. Cap/. 5-locularis, 
valvulis diifepimento contrariis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANDROMEDA coriacea; racemis (fafciculis) axillaribus 
fimplicibus, foliis ovatis integerrimis nitidif- 
fimis, ramulis triquetris. Hort. Kew. 2* p. 
70. PVilld.Sp. PL 2.615. Ark 22. Mart. 
Mill. Ditl. n. 16. Stirp. Nov. v. 2. 
t. 15. inedit. 

ANDROMEDA nitida ; glaberriraa : ramis fubtriquetris 
acutangulis : foliis ovalibus, integerrimis, 
laevigatis ; vena marginem deflexum percur- 
rente : fafciculis axillaribus : corollis cylin- 
draceis : antheris bafi appendiculatis. Mi- 
chaux Fl. Bor.-Am. 1. 252. 

ANDROMEDA mariana. Jacq. 1c. Rar. 3. t. 465. Collecl. 
2. p. 326. exclufis fynonymis. 

ANDROMEDA lucida. Lam. Enc. n. 9. 

This fpecies of Andromeda is confidered as a hardy fhrub, 
but being a native of South-Carolina and the Floridas, and not 
Jofing its leaves in the winter, is fubjeft. to be injured by our 
trofts ; neverthelefs in a fhehered fituation it will fucceed 
Pretty well and bear flowers. 

Jacquin miftook it for the A. mariana of Linnaeus; and 
Willdenow, by preferving his fynonym to that fpecies, has 


gone far to perpetuate the miftake. It is eafily diftinguifhed 
by its thick ftiining leaves, perfe&ly entire, reflected at the 
margin, along which runs a nerve that branches from each 
fide of the midrib, near the bafe ; by its flefh- coloured 
cylindrical flowers growing in fafcicles in the axils of the 
leaves, and by having the fegments of the calyx longer, more 
linear, and deeper divided than in moft other fpecies. Flowers 
in June, July, and Auguft. Introduced by Mr. John Cree, 
in 1765. 

Communicated to us by Mr. Lod dices, Hackney. 


Pet .F San/am. ScuLj 

^fyTC^S'CeoCref^t ^r^o,. 

C 10 9^ ] 

Helonias Viridis. Green-Flowered 

# f 4* f it ♦ ♦ 3 j % fr fr» f ^ 

C7^{/jr and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, — Vid. No. 985. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS viridis ; caule paniculato, floribus confertia 
fubieflilibus eglanduiolis, (oliis ovatis nervofis 

VERATRUM viride • racemis paniculatis, bra&cis ramorum 
oblongo-lanceolatis, partialibus pedunculo fub- 
pubefceme Iongioribus. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. 

vi-KATRUM viride; racemo fopradecompofito, coroilis 
campanulatis: unguibus latere intus incrafTatis. 
Hort. Ktw. v. 3. p. 422. Mart. Mill. Diet. 

VERATRUM album: foliis lato-ovalibus fuJcatis; floribus fub- 
feffilibus virefcentibus ; calycis Uciniii oblongo- 
ovalibus, acutis. Michaitx FL Bor.-Amer. V. 2. 

P' 2 49* 
M ELANTHIUM hybridan t petalis plicato-undulatis imma- 
culatis, floribus mafculis et fa?mineis mixtis. 
Walker Flor. Corolin. 125 f 

w e bav 
<;°uld not s 
h gured is a native 

ive elfewhere, No. 985, remarked that Veratrum 

t be feparated from Helonias. The fpecies here 

s«rca is a native of Norih- America, from Carolina to Canada, 

* n a has conGderable affinity with our Helonias Virginia 

jj ut has more numerous flowers, which fit almoft clofe to the 

| er *>, and have not the yellow excavated fpots of the former; 

ts leaves are very different being broad-ovate, many-ribbed 

a nd as it were plaited. 


Michaux notices the near affinity of the two genera, lie 
fuppofed the American plant to be the fame with the huropean 
Veratrum album ; but, although very fimilar, when cultivated 
together, fome remarkable and conftant differences have been 
obferved; the flowers, in the former, are more inclined 10 a 
yellow green colour; the petals are broader and more ereft 
and have their margins, especially about the claw, thickened 
and covered with a white mealinefs j its feafon of flowering is 
full a month later. 

It is a hardy herbaceous perennial, which grows to mod 
advantage in an open fituation. Flowers in July and Auguft. 
Cultivated by Peter Collinson, Efq. in 1763. Our 
drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden. Brompton, 

SyiHiiwn r>Z \ Del 

I ''Ceo. Crefcenl -tyriX J IS OS 


Samp- SaJ f 

C *997 ] 

Lachenalia Quadricolor (/3.) Spotted- 
Leaved Four-Coloured Lachenalia. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vide N ami 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA quadricolor (floribus ex majoribus) foliis binis, 
lineari-lanceolatis, loratis, inferne ereftiuf- 
culis ; coroliis remotiufculis pendulis pe- 
diceliis longioribus, panim trilirato inde 
fubtriquetro-cylindraceis, ore patulo ; laciniis 
intimis e'xtimas citra duplum fuperantibus 
cum fummis laminis obovatim rotundatis; 
extimarum fuprema apiculo truncato glandu- 
lofe incraffato; Iateralibus fubbrevionbus 
oblique acuminatis. G. 

LACHENALIA quadricolor. Jacq.Ic. Rar. 2.396. Coll.Suppl. 
62. Bot. Rep. 148. Bot. Mag. Supra No. 588. 

LACHENALIA tricolor. Jacq. Nov. Ac7. Helv. 1. 38. tab. 
2./. 3. Ic. Rar. 1. tab. 61. 

LACHENALIA tricolor, var. (») Hort. Kcw. 1. 461. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 2. 179. 

LACHENALIA pendula (0) mild. I c. 181. 

(«) foliis omni macula expertibus. G. 

(P) foliis maculatis. G. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. By a fpecimen pre- 
ferred in the Bankfian Herbarium, we have afTured ourfelves 
°f this being the variety («) of the L. tricolor of the Hortus 
Kewenfts. We are inclined to think it a hybrid produ&ion 


between the tricolor of this work (No. 82) and quadricolor 
(No. 588.) Comes very clofe to the variety of tricolor of our 
No. 1020. Propagates rapidly by offsets, often having the 
bafe of the bulb furrounded by a crowd of fmall bulbs not fo 
big as a barley-corn ; this is alio the cafe in tricolor* Blooms 
freely about February ; of very eafv culture. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Williams's Nurfery- 
Garden, Turnham-Green. G. 

No. 1083, pag. alt. 1. 23, pro ,{ indicus" lege " indica. 


-• P"-J> h ■ T f uri \ 

faeri? ^ 

C 1098 ] 

Gladiolus Tristis (/3.) Yellow-Flowered 
Square-Leaved Corn-Flag. 

♦ ♦ » »M * ♦ frft » ft ft » 

C/^/> #»^ Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — fiV. N os - 538, 566, */ 992; 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS trijlis ,• foliis fubbinis inferne longinque vagin- 
antibus, cylindraceis, fuperne linearibus utrin- 
que attenuatis, decuifato-tetrapteris feu qua- 
drifulcis, (cojla parem cum lamina cujus longi- 
tudinem mediam decujfat habente amplitudinem) 
extimo praelongiore, fsepius torto; corolla in- 
fundibuliformi, de ere£ta geniculatim curvata ; 
tubo fpathse fubaequali ; limbo nutante bilabiato- 
campanulato fauce turbinata parum longiore; 
laciniis ovato-ellipticis, acuminaiis, recurvis, 
praeter fummam latiorem parum ina?qualibus. 

GLADIOLUS trijlis. Linn. Sp. PL 53. ThHnb. Dif. de Glad. 

8. Prod. 8. Bitrm. Prod. Fl. cap. 2. Curtis 

fupra No. 272. Jacq. Coll. 4. 157. Sitppl. 20. 

lc. Rar. 2. t. 243, 245. Hort. Keiv. 1. 63. 

Willd. Sp. PL 1. 210, 2ii. (ubideleatur Jacq. 

Ic. Rar. 2. 244. Coll. 4. 1 58. et Breyn. Prod.) 

Vahl Enum. 2. 84. (expun&o fynon. Breyn. 
r Ic. Rar.) Liliac. a Redoute, tab.%$. 

J^LADIOLUS concolor. Parad. Lond. tab. 8. 
GLADIOLUS , foliis fulcatis linearibus, floribus alternis, petalis 
rT acutioribus. Mill lc. 157. /. 235. /. 1. 

GLADIOLUS foliis linearibus fulcatis, caule bifloro, tubo 

longiflimo, fegmentis aequalibus. Mill. Did. 

T TT rr\ e ^' 7* n ' ^' 

^UO-GLADIOLUS, &c. Sec. Trew. Ehret. tab. 39. male. 
W ] "oribus 1 — 4> fulphureis, punftiunculis fufco-purpureis 
fafn Verrimode varie gatis. G. Fid. fupra No. 272. 
W tloribus i—8, lutefcentibus, unicoloribus. G. 


Descr. Bulb-tuber ovate-globular, fubdepreffed ; leaves 
2—3, linear, ilender ; upwards four-winged, being decuf- 
fately interfe£ted by a laminate midrib of tbe fhape and 
breadth of its blade y downwards petiolelike, cylindric, nerved- 
ftriate, fheathing the Hem nearly as far as the flower- 
fpike, radical one outer longer, cauline inner far fhorter ; 
/cape round, upright ; rachis flexuofe, 2 — 8-flowered ; flowers 
bending forwards in one rank, from alternate pofitions ; fpathe 
of two convolute-concave membranous vahes y lanceolate, about 
the length of tube ; eorolla funnelform, geniculately curved ; 
tube cylindrical, expanding into a broader turbinate faux that 
is dilated into a nodding (ix-parted campanulately bilabiate limb 
of nearly equal length, Jegments ovate-elliptical^ acuminate, 
recurvedly patent, the three forming the upper lip feparated 
from thofe that compofe the lower by a deeper interferon 
than that which divides the lower fegments from each other, 
rather broader, middlemoft the broadeft of all and incumbent, 
nether ones equal among themfelves, propendent ; the forks of 
the fiffures of the limb are generally furmounted by a tranf- 
parent membrane ; filaments about equal in length to the faux, 
adfcendent, adprefTed ; ftyle longer than thefe, fhorter than 
corolla ; Jfigmas divergent, narrow-obcuneate while doubled 
up, when unfolded obcordate, channelled, tapering downwards ; 
ambers fagittate-linear, fpirally twilled after they have dif- 
charged their pollen. 

The prefent variety, as well as the more common one 
figured above, No. 272, is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, from whence it was received by Meffrs. Lee and 
Kennedy, in whofe Nurfery at Hammerfmith our drawing 
was made. In the evening and night it diffufes a confiderable 
degree of fragrance, like that of the common garden Pink, 
but in the day-time is deftitute of all fcent. G. 


it //,/ 

C 10 99 ] 


C/j/} j/7^/ Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. fubbilabiatus 5-fidus. Cor. papilionacea, alse vexillum 
longitudine fuperantcs. Legumen ftipitatum ventricofum poly- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PODALYRIA foliis ternads fubfeffilibus : foliolis obovatis 
glabris, flipulis fetaceis, racemofis paucifloris, 
leguminibus ovatis longius ftipitatis. 

PODALYRIA. Lamarck III. Gen. t. 327./. 1. 

PODALYRIA tincloria; foliis ternads pedolatis, foliolis 
fubrotundo-obovatis obtufis mucronatis, fli- 
pulis obfoleds oblongis acutis petiolo mill- 
ion es brevioribus. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 503. 

SOPHORA tinttoria. Linn. Sp. PL 534. Reich. 2. 243. 
Mant. 377. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 16. Hort. 
Kew. 2. 45. 

PODALYRIA tincloria. Micbaux Ft. Bor.-Am. 1. 265. 

Except the miferable one of Lamarck, above quoted, we 
do not know that any figure of this plant has before appeared. 

It i 

- --«m.ia uuuvdic, nequently ^w^ 6 ... — . 
,s ufual in all this tribe of plants, terminated with an acute 
P°»nt from the elongation of the midrib fomewhat beyond the 
'amina-of the leaf. Flowers thinly fcattered in terminal ra- 
cemes. p 0f ].s nearly oval, inflated, elevated on a flipe much 
,0n ger than the calyx and terminated by the long perfiftent 


ftyle. Willd enow has not at all fucceeded in his attempt 
to mend the fpecific character. 

The Podalyria linftoria is a native of North- America 
from Canada to Florida, and a coarfe Indigo was prepared 
from it before the true Indigofera tincloria came to be 
known and cultivated there. Miller raifed it in the Chelfea- 
Garden before the year 1759. 

Flowers from July to September; hardy; may fometimes 
be propagated by parting its roots, but more certainly by 
feeds, which in favourable feafons ripen with us. Requires 
a dry foil and fheltered fituation. Communicated by Mr. 
Whitley, Old-Brompton. 


C uoo ] 
Linum Trigynum. Three-Styled Flax. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Cap/, fuperior 6 — 10-valvis, 
loculis totidem. Sem. folitaria. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LINUM trigynum; foliis alternis ellipticis acutis fubinteger- 
rimis, ftylis tribus, capfulis fex-locularibus. Smith 
Exotic. Bot. p. 31. /. 17. 

LINUM trigynum. Roxb. Hardwicke in Afiat. Refearches t v, 
6. p. 357. Donn Hort. Cant. p. 64. 

The firft notice we have of this beautiful fhrub is from 
Colonel Hardwicke, in his narrative of a journey to Sirina- 
gur, above quoted, where it is faid to be well known in the 
gardens at Cawnpore and Lucknow by the name of Gul- 
Alhurfee, and to be a native of the higheft mountains be- 
tween Nataana and Adwaanee. Dr. Smith publifhed a figure 
J* this plant in his Exotic Botany for February 1785, and in- 
*orms us that it flowered in the ftove of the Right Honourable 
J-'Harles Greville, at Paddington, the preceding Decem- 
ber » It has fince found its way into many collections about 
town. Communicated to us both by Mr. Whitley, and Mr. 
Salisbury, of the Botanic Garden. Mr. Donn, of the firft 
authority in thefe matters, confiders it as a greenhoufe fhrub, 
an °- fays it flowers in July and Auguft. We have feen it gene- 
^'ty in ftoves, producing its bloffoms in November and De- 
cember. Their natural feafon in the Eaft-Indies is in March 
an d April. 

There is fomething in the habit of this fhrub, which, befides 

, J av ing only three ftyles, and above all its ftigmas being 

globular, would lead us to doubt if it be a real Linum; 

^t we have had no opportunity of examining the fruit, by 

* h, ch the queftion muft be decided. 

J' r -Jll)J 

TO t rA t f f C„rrefrr, f f fyrjn 

m Stub- 

[ 1101 ] 

Gentiana Pneumonanthe, var. Guttata. 
Spotted-Flowered Calathian Violet. 

% %% % % ft %%%$%% ifrfri j t H %b% 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. bafi tubulofa ; poris ne&ariferis deftituta. Cap/, fupera, 
l-locularis, bivalvis, polyfperma. Sm. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA Pneumonanthe ; corollis campanulatis quinque- 
fidis, floribus pedunculatis terminalibus axil- 
laribufque, foliis fublinearibus obtufis. 

GENTIANA Pneumonanthe. mild. Sp. PL u 1336. Mart. 
Mill Dm. n. n. 

y. guttata ; caule decumbente, foliis ovato-lanceolatis obtufis, 
laciniis corollas intus guttatis. 

GENTIANA Pneumonanthe. Pallas Flora RoJJf. pars 2. p. 1 058 ? 

The Gentiana Pneumonanthe is fubjeB to vary very much 
j° the width of its leaves, number and fize of its flowers, and 
"eight and ftrength of its ftem. Frequently k is a low plant with 
J ftraight ftem, bearing fingle, or a fecond flower at the fummit ; 
fometimes it is feen with a ftem a foot and half high with numer- 
ous flowers, both terminal and lateral, the latter growing two 
or three together in the axil of the fame leaf. Our plant has a 
*eak ftem, hardly able to fupport the flowers, which are of the 
,a rgeft fize, and at firft fight feem remarkably different from the 
u faal appearance of G. Pneumonanthe, particularly on account 
of the white fpecks within the fegments of the corolla; yet we 
J a n find no fpecific charaders by which it may be diftinguifhed 
,r °m all the varieties defcribed by authors, even the dots are 
of ten not wanting in the other varieties, though generally 

confined to the tube of the corolla. Upon the whole, there- 
fore, we are inclined to confider this plant as not fpecifically 
diftincl from G. Pnenmonanthe. Thofe who think otherwife, 
may ufe the name of guttata^ which we have added for the 
convenience of cultivators, as was often done by Linn&us 
when a variety was more than ufually remarkable. 

We have thought it totally unneceffary to repeat the fyno- 
nyms of a fpecies fo long known to Botanifts ; and which 
may be feen in Willdenow and Martym's Miller'i 
Dictionary, as it is the variety only of which we are treating. 

The remarks which Pallas has made on G. Pneumonantbe, 
in diftinguilhing it from his triflora t apply fo well to our plant, 
that we fufpeft he had the fame in his eye. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 



In which the Latin Names oft 
the Plants contained in the % 
Twenty-Seventh Volume are al- § 

phabetically arranged. 


J089 Amaryllis humilis (|S). 

1090 venufta. 

1095 Andromeda coriacea, 
1092 Anthyllis cretica. 
1085 Aralia hifpida. 
1094 Catalpa fyringifolia. 
j 071 Chlorophytum inornatum. 

1080 Chryfanthemum coccineum. 
1070 Clematis cirrhofa. 

1067 Convolvulus erubefcens. 

1073 Crinum Afiaticum. 
1076 Curculigo orchioides. 
1069 Dianthus orientalis. 

1081 Dracaena fragrans. 

1084 Dracocephalum peregrinum. 

1074 Drimia altiflima. 
1064 Echites fubere&a ($). 
1083 Eucomis undulata. 
1078 Gentiana afclepiadea. 

noi Pneumonanthe, var. 

1088 Gethyllis fpiralis. 

1098 Gladiolus triftis, war. concolor. % 11C2 ' ' 


In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-Seventh Volume are al- 
phabetically arranged. 


1090 Amaryllis, poppy-coloured. 

1089 1 falmon-coloured, 

1095 Andromeda, mining-leaved. 

1085 Aralia, hifpid. 

1066 Bead-Tree, common. 

1067 Bindweed, maiden-blufli. 
1075 Blood-Flower, falraon-coloured. 
1101 Calathian- Violet, fpotted- 


4» 1094 Catalpa, common. [ed. 

$ 1071 Chlorophytum, greenifh-flower- 
f* 1080 Chryfanthemum, red-flowered. 

Y 1098 Cornflag, yellow-flowered, 
*. fquare-leaved. 

T 1073 Crinum, largeft. 

Y 107b Curculigo, lance-leaved. 
A ic8i Dracasna, fweet-fcen ted. 

* 1084 Dragon 's-Head, twin-flowered, 
A 1074 Drimia, talleft. 
jy 1083 Eucomis, undulated-leaved, 
% 1086 Flax, Auftriari. 

$ 1087 blue and white. 

11C2 « ■ three-ftyled. 



1075 Hasmanthus coccineus. 

1062 Helonias lutea. 

1097 Lachenalia quadricolor (0). 

3087 Linum afcyrifoliurn. 

1080 auftriacura. 

1100 ■ trigynum. 

1066 Melia Azedarach. 

j 061 Moraea ciliata ($), 

j 063 Ophiopogon japonicus. 

1082 Pancratium rotatum {«). 

1068 Phyfalis edulis. 

1099 Podalyria tincloria. 

j 065 Polygonum crifpulum (a). 

1079 Prenanthes alba. 

1077 Rofa lutea, war. bicolor. 

1091 Veltheimia glauca. 

1096 Veratrum viride. 

1060 Wachendorfia thyrfiflora. 

1072 Watfonia rofea. 

1093 Ziziphora Poufchkini. 

^ 1078 Gentian, fwallow-wort-leaved, 
A 1088 Gethyllis, thread-leaved. 
■* 1096 Hellebore, green, 
v 1062 Helonias, fpiked-flowered. 
A 1092 Kidney- Vetch, Cretan. 
% 1097 Lachenalia, fpottcd-leaved, four- 
•0 coloured. 

1r* 1061 Moraea, blueiih-flowered-ciliate. 
% 1082 Pancratium, American, 
^y 1068 Phyfalis, eatable, or Cape Goofe* 

♦ berry. 

v 1069 Pink, Georgian. 
A 1099 Podalyria, Dyer's. 

* 1065 Polygonum, curled. 

V 1079 Prenanthes, white- flowered. 

X 1077 Rofe, red and yellow Auftrian, 
a 1064 Savanna- Flower, larger. 

V J 063 Snake's-beard, Japan. 

T icgi Veltheimia, glaucous-leaved. 
X 1070 Virgin's-Bower, ever-green. 
A 1060 Wachendorfia, tall-flowering. 
* 1072 Watfonia, pyramidal. 

V 1093 Ziziphora, hairy-headed. 

Printed by S. Couthmac, Throgmorton-Street, London, 


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Chara&ers, according 

to the celebrated Linn.*us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering:- 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardensrs, as 
wilh to become fcientifically acquainted with- the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


Hie ver afliduum, atque alienis menfibus aeftas. 



Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Bublifhed by H. D. SYMONDS, No. 20, Patermjler- Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


'? • tfayfiaos J? ' Sanjbm SaJf 

[ "02 ] 

Scilla Campanulata. Spanish Harebell. 

Cla/s and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid.fupraN 01 ' 663, 746, 918^/919. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

SCILLA campanulata foliis pluribus, lineari-loratis, fub- 
canaliculato-concavis, acutis ; racemo multifloro, 
ere&iufculo, oblongo, faftigiante, fubfecundo ; brac- 
teis geminis pedicellos fubasquantibus ; corolla ur« 
ceolato-campanulata, nutante, fuperne recurvata ; 
ftaminibusalternis medio tenus adnatis, aliis liberis, 
brevioribus ; piftillo iftis fubaequali. G. 

SCILLA campanulata. Hort. Kew. 1. 444. (exclufis fynonymfs 
Bauhini, Clufii, et Milleri.) Curt, fnpra No. 128. 
(quo Icon male notatur 127.) Willd.Sp. PL 2. 
128. (expunclis qua? antea monuimus expungenda 
in Hort, Kew. J Link, et Hoffm. de Scill. in Ann. of 
Bot, v. 1. 103. 

^CILLA pa tula. Lam, et Dec and. PL Franf. ed. 3. v. 3. p. 2 11. 

SCILLA hyacintboides. J acq. Ic. Rar. 1. /. 65. Coll. 1. 61. 
nee Linnaei. 

J^fLLA JacquinL Gmel. Svjl. Nat. v. 7. 552. 

tfYAClNTHUS cemutis. Hort, Kew. 1. 457- Brotero FL 
Lufit, t. 535. Nee Linncei, cujus planta eft mera 

u Scill/e nonfcript<£ vaiietas carnea. G. 

«. amethyfiinus. Lam. Dicl. Encyc. 3. 190. Nee Linnaei. 

**• corollis campanulatis fexpariitis, floribus utrinquedifpofitis. 

u Mill. Dift. ed. 7. n. 3. 

**. nifpanicus. Cluf, Hift. 1. 176 ; dunraxat vero quod ad 
textum ; Icon enim pertinet ad Scill am nonferip- 

w tarn. G. 

"• Hifpanicus major, flore campanulas inftar. Park. Parad, 

t, ,. 12 3- ** 125.7.4- . ■ - . 

**• oblongo flore purpureo magis ferotinus quam I. Bocrti, 

Ind. Alt. Lugdb. 2. p. in- ^ " 

**• floribus campanula; utrinque difpofitis. Baub. Pin. 44. 

r Differs 

Differs from our common Harebell (Scilla non fcripta) 
in having a ftraigruer raceme with the (lowers not bent for- 
wards into one rank ; the coiolla urceolately or broadly cam- 
panulate and not cylindtically fo, with the edges recurved but 
not revolufe ; in having the ftamens alternately adnate to the 
fegments of the corolla for not more than half their length, 
inltead of nearly the whole of it, while the others are entirely 
free ; the fcent is alfo far weaker than in our wild fpecies. We 
have feen it with bulbs not bigger than a nutmeg, and with the 
fame nearly three inches in diameter, compofed of broad even 
laminae, much in the manner of the roots of the Crown Imperial ; 
thefe have thrown out numerous fafcicles of leaves from be- 
tween their concentric laminae, and ultimately broken up into 
as many feparate bulbs. Varies with blue-violet, azure, pink, 
and white corollas, as do each of thefe again in fize. 

Hyacinth us cernuus of Linnaeus is merely a pink 
variety of his H. (now Scilla) tionfcriptus ; in conftituting 
which a diftinct fpecies, and giving to it a Spanifh origin, he 
has been moll probably milled by Clusius, who to the de- 
fcription of the prefent fpecies, which he calls H. hifpanicus t 
has adjoined under the fame title, a cut of the Harebell or 
S. non fcripta, the ftamp or block of which had previoufly 
ferved Dodon^eus to reprefent that plant in his Pemptadcs. 
Linnveus had evidently overlooked this piece of inaccuracy. 
The Bankfian Herbarium fhews that the H. cernuus of Solan- 
der in the Hortus Kewenfis and the Scilla campanulata of the 
fame are both contained in the varieties now given. The ad- 
hefion of the alternate ftamens fometimes varies in different 
flowers of the fame plant, but feldom exceeds the diftance of 
half their length. 

A native of Spain and Portugal. Perfeaiy hardy. Has 
been cultivated in England from the days of Parkinson. 
Blooms in May and June. 

The drawings of all the prefent varieties were made from 
Mr. Williams's Nurfery, at Turnham-Green. G. 

1 TA 


fan >«Jf 

[ n°3 ] 

mor^a collina (y.) straw-coloured 

Equal-Flowered Mor^ea. 

C/j/} and Order, Generic CharatJer, Specific Charatler and 
Synonyms. — Vid. Jupra No. 103 3. 

MOR/EA collina. Vid.fupra No. 1033, u *" inferenda fyno- 

nyma infequentia; 
SISYRINCHIUM elegans. Liliac a Redout?, tab. 171; ex- 

punfta fynonymia. 
MORiEA iriopctala. a.. Vahl Enum. 2. 158; exclufis omnibus 

fynonymis praeter 
MORiEAM junceam. Mill Dicl. ed. 8. *. 2. Linn. Sp. PL 


The drawing of the prefent variety was made from a plant 
imported from the Cape of Good Hope, which flowered in 
Mr. Hibbert's collection at Claphnm. The ftigmas are more 
divergent than in any other variety we ever faw. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

* Radix Bulbo-tuber annue renovatum, indifiis diverjimode 
fibrofo.organicis obteftum. G. 

** Stigmatibus autfiliformibus, aut cucullato-convolutis feme 
ac in Croco, quocum per Galax 1 am continuatnm effe vtdetur 
Z e nus. G. 
vir gata. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. t. 228. Ixia. Vahl Enum. 2. 59. 

n. 2 2. 
ele gans. Jacq. Hort.Schznb.i.t. 2. Sisyrinchium. Willd. 

Sp. PI. 3. 578. 
Aexuofa. Supra tab. 6gs- Vahl I. c. 156. n. 10. 
f Picata. Nobis. Ic. PL Cap. Cod. Bankf. abfqtie titulo. 
Po'yanthos. Vahll. c. 157. n. 11. Exempt, in Herb. Bank/. 
c °Hina. Supra tab. ,033 et 1103. Sisyrinchium elegans. 

Lit. a Redout t. i 7 u U.juncea. Mill. Dtcl. ed. 

8. n. 2. Linn. Sp. PL 59. n 

Pavonia. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. v. t. p. H°- lKls ' £"'"£ 

t. 064. Jaca. Hort. Schoenb. I. f. 10. ^tlld Sp 

PI 1 238. VlEUSSEUXIA. 2^W. if«f.^/ 

2 - *39* ### Stigmatibus 

*** Stigmatibus petaloideo-ampliatis ; dum tamen baud fit 
diver fa jlruRura ratio ac in antecedentibus. G. 
tripetala. Supra tab. 702. Iris. Vahl I. c. 138. n. 26. 
tricufpis. Supra tab. 696, 772, et 168, in quo ultimo male pro 
lRiDE/>tfVo»/tfhabitafuit. Iris. Willd.Sp. PL 1.231. 
villofa. Nobis I. c. Iris. £«/>rvz /a£. 571. 
tenuis. Supra tab. 1047. 
unguiculata. Supra tab. 593. 
angufta. Nobis I.e. Ic. Pi c7. PL Cap* Cod. Bank/. Iris. fi?W 

/. c. 146. tf. 43. 
edulis. Supra tab. 613. Moria vegeta. J acq. Ic. Rar. 2. /. 
224. Nee Linnaei vel Milleri. Iris longifolia. Vahl 
I. c. 149. ». 52. M. Oi/orij. Par ad. Lond. t. 10. var. 
alba. /<;. P;#. P/. Gj/>. Coi. £#»£/". a^/?*? titulo. 
var. lutea. 
fetacea. iVo£« /. c . Iris. Thunb. Ir. t. 1. f. l Jetifolia, 

Vahl l. c. 145. w. 42. 
longiflora. Supra tab. 712. 

fpathacea. Nobis L c. Iris. Vahl l. c. 142. k. 35. 
polyftachia. Nobis I. c. Iris. Vahl L c. 150. «* 55* 
bimminofa. tftt/Jra /a£. 1045. I*nK ^tf&/ /. £- 150. ». 53. 
vifcaria. Nobis I.e. Iris. Supra tab. ^j. Vahl L c. 150. #• 54* 
plumaria. JVb^/j /. r. Iris. Thunb. Ir. 16. Moria z'rro/tf- 
/fl/a. Vahl I.e. 15%. n. 16. exclufis Mi//. Di&> 
atque jD"#«. *S"/>. P/. 
ramofa. Supra tab. 771. Iris. Vahl I. c. 142. ». 34. 
triftis. Nobis L c. 241. Iris. Supra tab. 577. Vahl I. c. 151. 
w. 56. Moraa vegeta. Linn. Sp. PL 59. M/V/. 
1c. t. 138. /. 1. 2. iriopelala. (3. /^£/ /. f. 158. »• 
16. expun&is. Thunb. biff, et Prod, una cum Linn. 
SuppL G. 
crifpa. iSV/pra tab. 759. Iris. r<aW /. c. 152. w. 58. 
Sifyrinchiura. Nobis L c. 241. Iris. JL/7. a Redout}, t. 29. 
F/or. Gr<£c. Sibth. t. 42. TaM /. c. 144. «'4°* 
cjliata. Supra, tab. 1012. rf 1061. Iris. Vahl I. c. 137. »• *4» 
papilionacea. ^pra /^. 750. Iris, fa/?/ /. c. 151. n. 57. 
minuta. Afo&V /. c. 241. Iris. /^/ /. c. 13 8. ». 25. 

**** Radicc jibrofa ; /<?/w ancipitibus dijlichis actebus adver- 
Jis, G. 

iridioides. &</>r<2 /^. 693. fW. /. f. 158. ». 15. Iris «»- 
/>r^z. eid. I. e. 137. «. 23. Species anomala 
herba Aristea, Iridis capfula, Mor£* 
fiore. G. * 


Jf Ceo , Crmfboa . Hay J . JS n f San fen Sculf 

[ H04 ] 



C/o/j a»</ Orvter. 
Hexandria (recliufne Triandria? G.) Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cor. infera hexapetala. Fil. tria fertilia (biantherifera Sm.) 
fterilibus tribus interftinBa. Smith Linn. Tfanf. v. 4. p. 218. 

Obs. Hnbz inoJorajuneea, radice fibrofa. Scapus »«</«* . Umbella 
multiflora. Brafteis fcario/is. Pei'ula purpurea perjlftentia. Id. 1. c 


SOWERB.EA jf**OK .Bo/. /frp?/". /a*. 81. 

From New-Holland. Although now common in our green- 
houfes, it has fo happened that we have miffed every oppor- 
tunity of examining the bloom. From a diffeaion of the 
Wns, given in the above cited plate of the Botamft s Repo- 
sitory, the anthers appear to us to be three and bilocular; one 
^ each alternate filament, and not, as defcribed 111 the i-innean 
TranfaQions, two on each fertile filament. Our view of theie 
P^ts has, befides the appearance we have mentioned tne 
fanaion of analogy, as well as the opinion of a very accom- 
PHihed Botanift, who has repeatedly examined them in ipeci- 
tnens colleaed by himfelf in their native regions. Ut eaiy 
culture, and blooms freely. G. 


C **05 ] 

Geissorhiza Secunda (#.) White-Flowered 
One-Ranked Geissorhiza. 

♦■sHMhjhM*- 3fc-£ fr* fr$ sjhH- *■ 

C/rt/Jr <27/i/ Or^r. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic 0)ara3er. 

Spatka bivalvis, convolutim lanceolata, partim herbacea, 
tubo aequalis aut longior. Cor., ex angufte infundibulifornu- 
tubulofa abeuns in limbum am.p1 urn fexpartuum regularem, 
laciniis ovali-oblongis fubaequalibus patentibus. Stylus inclina- 
tus, Jlaminum (quae erefta) longitudine. Stigm. lamellae tres 
cuneato-lobatae, ex condupticatis canaliculatim explicatae, re- 
volutim divergentes, antbcras fupereminentes, ara fimbiiatulo- 
crifpata. G^fcariofo-membranacea, ovali-trigona. 
merofa, parvula. G. 

Nos in Ann. of Bot. 1. 224. et fupra No. 672. 

Obs. Radix Bulbo-tuber ovatum, induftis putammeo-crufiace'is inferne 
retrorfum imbricatis a baft laciniatim Jiffilibus corticahim ; foiia Jubtrina e 
fi'formi-linearibus enftformia ufque, textura firmiore, rigidiujcula, fapius 
fniofa, fufremum caulinum inferne convoluto-vaginans vulgoque Jpathacef- 
'tfatum ; caulis uni-multijiorus, fimplex vel ramofut, rachide infgmus 
fixuofa,fap e redinala atque fecunde forigera ; flores ere£li. Excifa rf 
forva congener es ambigua-, bulbo-tubere pradita Trichonematik j unde 
•ijtrtpant Jiigmatibus non bipartitis ; ut et ab Hesper a n tha confint tjhs 
*°» os tub! ufque feparatis neque capillaceo-extenuatis ; ab Ix I A rurfus Jpatba 
Pro tubi rata plurimum majore, Jlylo inclinato, Jiigmatibm quoque fupra 
ftheras elevatis : ab omnibus notabilius auidem herba atque raduis ha- 
htu. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GEISSORHIZA fecunda s foliis lineari-enfiformibus, nudis, 
nervofis, cofta media vancofa; rachide 
faepius reclinata, mukiflora, flexuofiffima, 
fecundo-florigera, una cum caule lanugme 
tenuiffima canefcente; corollaehmbo rotatun 

_ paten te. G. 

GEISSORHIZA fecunda. Nobis Ann. of Bot. 1. 224. ^^ 

IXIA fecunda. Vahl Enttm, 2. 55. n. 13. Nobis Jupra No. 597; 

ubi rcliqua repetenda fynonyma. G. 
{*) floribus violaceo-casrulefcentibus. G. 
(f3) iftis albefcentibus. G. 

For a defcription and account of the fpecies, fee No. 597 
of this work. The prefent variety was imported laft fummer 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy 
of Hammerfmith. It is a very rare plant. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

rochenfis. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. 1. 224. Ixia. Supra tab. ^gS. 

Ixia radians. Vahl Enum. 2. 75. n. 54. 
fecunda. Nobis L c. Ixia. Supra tab. 597. Vahl L e. §5. n. 

13. exclufo De la Roche. 
fetacea. Nobis I. c. Ixia. Vahl L e. 68. n. 40. 
fublutea. Nobis I.e. Ixia. Lam. Diet. Encyc. 3. 335. Vero- 

fimile antecedenti haud diverfa. G. 
humilis. Nobis I. c. Ixia. Vahl I. c. 53. n. 9. 
obtufata. Supra, tab. 672. Ixia geminata. Vahl I.e. 68. n. 41 J 
imbricata. Nobis I.e. Ixia. Vahl I. e. 61. w. 27. IxiA/tillaris. 
7hunb. de Jx. n. 14. #aW /. r. 59. «. 23 ; nee 
Linnaei quae illorum Ixia pentandra. G. 
hirta. Nobis I.e. Ixia. Vahl I. c. 54. ». 12; exclufo £fc/tf 

inflexa. Nobis I. c. Ixia. De la Roche. Dif. 1. Forte ante- 
cedenti non diftinQa. G. 
furva. JV^/j /. c. Ixia. Soland. in Herb. Bank/. 
excifa. Nobis /. r. Ixia. Supra ^.584. /W /. c. 69. ». 44* 



TCurfir ftCeo :Cre/l su t. i/ar/f*03. J? Smn/im.fa*tp 

C uo5 ] 

Vaccinium Dumosum. Bushy Whortle- 

♦♦♦*♦♦♦ ■ >♦♦ ' ♦»♦♦ *$i$ 

Clafs and Order* 


Generic Character. 

Cat. fuperus. Cor. l-petala. Filam. receptaculo inferta. 
oacca 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Charatter and Synonyms, 

VACCINIUM dumofum ; foliis ovatis integerrimis reticulato- 
venofis deciduis, pedunculis unifloris diphyllis 
fubfolitariis, corollis campanulatis, calycibus 

VACCINIUM dumofum ; pedunculis axillaribus folitariis uni- 
floris diphyllis, foliis ovatis acutiufculis in- 
tegerrimis villofiufculis. Bank/it MSS. Gawler 
Recenf. p. 20. 

VACCINIUM dumofum. Bot. Repof. 112. 

Descr. A low bufhy fhrub. Leaves oval, quite entire 
°otufe, but frequently terminated with a fhort point, netted- 
Ve ined, pale underneath, fmoothifh when old, but when young 
covered on the edges and under furface with fhort glandular 
hairs. Peduncles fubfolitary, axillary, one-flowered, furnifhed 
wuh a pair of leaflike bra8es. Calyx fuperior, five-cleft, 
glandular. Corolla cernuous, white, bell-fhaped, divided into 
fiv « rounded fegments. Stamens perhaps naturally ten, as the 
corolla is five-cleft, but in a number of flowers, carefully 
examined, we obferved but eight. Filaments fhort, wide, in- 
ferred into the flefhy rim within the calyx, but attached at the 
ia me time to the corolla, fo as to fall off with it. Anthers 


two-awned : awns ere£t, longer than the body of the anther. 
Germen oval, hairy. Style ereft, equal to the corolla, longer 
than ftamens. Stigma obtufe. 

The Vaccinium dttmofttm is a native of North-America. 
Forms a pretty compact fhrub ; is deciduous and perfectly 
hardy; but the foliage being fo liable to be injured by our 
late frofts, it makes a handfomer appearance, when it has the 
fhelter of a greenhoufe in the fpring. May be propagated by 
layers, which, however, do not fpeedily take root. Requires 
a peat foil mixed with loam. Flowers in May and June. 
Introduced by Dr. William Pitcairn in 1774. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Mr. 


The Vaccinium Arttcftaphylos> No. 974, though a native 
of Madeira, has flood through the laft winter in the open 
ground, in Mr. Loddiges's garden at Hackney, without fuf- 
fering the fmalleit injury. 

Crefcent jlla/J igog 

m f*f 

[ fi°7 3 

Cucubalus Stellatus. Four-Leaved 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Caf. l-phyllus, ventricofus. Petala 5, unguiculata. Cap/. 
fopera, femitrilocularis, apice dehifcens, polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CUCUBALUS fiellatus; foliis quaternis, floribus trichotome 

paniculatis terminalibus. 
CUCUBALUS fiellatus ; foliis quaternis. Hort. Up/. 113. 

Linn. Sp. PL 592. Reich. 2. 341. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. 686. Martyn Mill. Dm. n. 5. Hort. 

Kew. 2. p. 92. 
CUCUBALUS fiellatus; totus pubefcens, ereBus : folns qua- 

terno-verticillatis, ovali-lanceolatis, in longif- 

fimum acumen anguftatis. Mtchaux Fl. Bor.- 

Amer. 1. 271. 
SILENE foliis quaternis. Gron. Virg. 1. 50. 2. 69. 
PRYPIS foliis quaternis. Olden. Novebor. 106. 
LYCHNIS caryophyllaeus virginianus, gentian* foliis g abns, 

quatuor ex fingulis geniculis caulem amplexan- 

tibus, flore amplo fimbriate. Rait Hiji. i«95- 

Piuk. Aim. 233. /. 43-/- 4- ma,a - , ,. , ,- 
LYCHNIS floribus in fummis caulibus albis pendulis, petalis 

pulchre fimbriatis, calycibus tumefcentibus, 

foliis longis acuminatis, caulium genicula cru. 

ciatim ambientibus; vafculo fphaerico mftar 

baccae. Clayton, No. 245* 

. Dr. Smith, following Gartner, has annulled the dittmc- 
tion between Cucubalus and Silenf, as anfing from the 
Prefence or abfence of the corona, finding it a charaQer not 

to be always depended upon, and has had recourfe to the fruit 
for a distinction. As we have already aflented to this altera- 
tion, we felt ourfelves at a lofs whether to refer this plant to 
Silene or Cucubalus. It has no corona, and as we are 
not certain that its feed-veffel is effentially different from that 
of C. baccifer, we have thought it at leaft fafeft to leave it as 
we find it. 

Native of Virginia, New-England, Canada, and the Alleg- 
hani mountains, and known to the Cherokee Indians by a name 
fignifying Snap-ftalks. Is a hardy herbaceous perennial, re- 
quiring no particular treatment but tying up, to prevent the 
ftalks being broken by the wind. 

Varies with pubefcent and fmooth leaves and ftalks, and 
fometimes, according to Clayton, with only two leaves in- 
flead of four at each joint. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges of Hackney. Cultivated, 
as we learn from Plukenet, by the elder Mr. Walker, 
before the year 1688. Flowers during the fummer months. 


[ no8 ] 


; »* ft ft '♦ ft ft* i ft & »# - ft ft ft ftft » 


Generic CharaRer. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Cal. 5-phyllus, imbricatus foliolis 
tribus. Stamina tubo corollae impofita. Cap/. 3-locularis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

DlAPENSIA lapponica. Linn. Fl. Lapp. 88. t.i.f. 1. Willi. 
Sp. PI. 1. 795. FI. Dan. t. 47. Ft, Suec. 172. 
169. Mzr/. Mill. Difi. 

This beautifbl little plant is a native of the Alps of Lap- 
land, Norway, and Labrador, and appears to be known only 
jn thofe northern regions ; for of the four fynonyms quoted 
ty Linn* us, in his Flora Lapponica, from the older Bo- 
tanifts, three belong to Androsace laclea, and the fourth to 
Saxi FRaga ,^ & It feems, therefore, that, before it was 
^covered by Linn* us, and defcribed and named by him in 
™s Flora Lapponica, the Diapenfia was altogether unknown to 

^ is difficult tounderftand why Jussieu mould have re- 
moved this genus from his Lyfimachiae, amonglt which it had 
be en arranged "by Linn*us, to add it at the end of his con- 
v L °lvuli. With Primula, Androface, and Arena particularly 
J e latter, it has a very near affinity; notwithltanding the 
C apfule, according to Linnjlus, is three-valved and three- 

„ Only one fpecies of Diapensia is as yet recorded ; in the 
Bankfian Herbarium, however, there is another, under he 

title of americana, which appears to be the fame with Pyxid- 
anthera barbulata of Michaux : this has certainly great 
affinity with, if it be not really a congener of, our plant. 

For an opportunity of treating our readers with a reprefenta- 
tion of this charming little vegetable we are indebted to the 
Right Honourable Charles Greville, Efq. in whofe col- 
lection, at Paddington, it flowered in February laft. 

It requires the treatment of other hardy Alpine plants. 
Introduced, as Mr. Donn informs us, in the year 1801. 

C n°9 ] 

Nandina Domestica. Garden Nandina. 

C/a/Jr W Onfcr. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. polyphyllus imbricatus. Cor. 6-petala. Bacca fupera, 
l-ltcularis, difperma. Sem. menifcoidea. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

NANDINA domejiica. Svjt. Veg. 344. WillL S P' PL 2 ' 2 3°- 
Thanh, Jap. 147. Ejufd. Nov. Gen. PL 1. p. 14. 
G*r/. Fr«#. 2. 69. /. 92. /. 3. Banks Icon. 
K<empf. 1. 13, 14. 

NANDSJOKF, vulgo Natten vel Nandin. Kampf. Amcen. 

P- 77 6 - 

The Nandina is cultivated both in Japan and China ; in the 
former country it is feen in every little garden about the 
houfes, but whether for ornament only or that any particular 
u fe is made of it, we are not informed. At a diftance, fays 
K^mpfer, it has a reed-like appearance, many fimple items 
fringing up from the fame root, which are branched towards 
^e top only, and terminated with a pyramidal panicle of red 
tarries, the fize of a pea. The ftems are fhrubby, the fize ot 
the finger or thicker, and clothed with the fheaths of the 
le aves, in the manner of the Polygoneae of Jussif.u ; but this 
author does not refer it to any of his natural orders. 

The leaves are alternate, and the footftalks very remarkably 
compounded, the divifions branching off nearly at right angles; 
at the lower ones more efpecially, the joints are fwollen into 
a kind of globular bulbs. The feeds are of an uncommon 
frape, being convex on one fide and concave on the other; 
K*mpfkr compare* them to what are called in the (hops 
Crab's-eyes. Qur 

Our drawing of this very rare plant was taken at Meflrs. 
Lee and Kennedy's, where it flowered in the ftove laft 

Thukberg ftates its feafon of flowering in Japan to be in 
May and June. Mr. Don n, of Cambridge, fays, it blooms 
with us in July ; he confiders it as a greenhoufe fhrub. It 
may probably, as well as many other Japan plants, be found 
fufficiently hardy to endure our climate without fhelter. The 
beautiful Camellias are perfectly fo, but their natural feafon of 
flowering being from October to April, they can never be 
thoroughly naturalized to our climate, until this habit can be 
broken and another flowering feafon induced. 

E R R A T A. 

The Plate of Podalyria tinfioria, is by miftake engraved 1199 inftwd 
of 1099. 

No. 1090, 1. 11, far racemofis read racemh* 



C "io ] 

Crocus Versicolor. Party-Coloured 

<#- $- % #• #~ sfc sjf- sfs- $• £ 41 fr #■ #~ & ^- $• 

C/tf/jr and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charaflcr. 
S path a uni-bivalvis, pellucenter membranacea, valva ex- 
tenore folliculofa interiorem recludente. Cor. fupera, infundi- 
buliformis, erecla, tubo pedunculoidee elongato, partim fub- 
terraneo, limbo amplo fexpartito, turbinatim campanulato, 
regulari, fubaequali. Stam. ori tubi circumpofita, limbo per- 
breviora. Stylus trigono-capillaris, toto liberus. Sligm. la- 
mellae tres fubcuneiformes, a lateribus introrfum cucullatim 
convolutae, faspius inaequales et fubbilabiatas, penicillatim lo- 
batim dentatimve incifae, ora erofo -fimbriata. atque criftatim 
dilatefcente, aut anguftiore integriore. Cap/, coriacea, ovato- 
rotunda, acuta, nodulofa. Sem. plura, fubglobofa, nucle© 
corneo, integumemo tencro fubfucculento. G, 

Oes. Radix Bulbo-tuber varie orbiculatum induftis aut organica- 
fihrofis aut fcariofo-membranaceis tecltim, vertice evolvent jobolem Jejjilem fub- 
gtminam Jolam frugiferam ; qua dum inc refit et expandit parent em mox pe- 
r 'turum txjuglt atque opprimit y ipfa Jequente anno vices fubitura eajdem ; 
fa ia plura, radicalia, ereclo-atnbientia, angufte linearia, /upra canaliculato- 
P'ffna, Jirid argentea plerumque interfecla, infra caftd quadrata carinata 
atque nervofe Jlriata ; deorfum vaginis tenacius membranaceis inatqualibus^ 
/"/data; fcapi unifori y in fingulo fafcicuh fubgemini, modo membrana 
P r °pria modo folior urn bafibus Jlipati, fiorigeri terra reconditi ; fil. I mean- 
Jmdata, fere antherarum longitudinis ; ha- lineari-oblonga, fubfagtttata ; 
"■uftiis a germine fubterraneo procrefcente fcapo capfula/tftfa* extraterranea 
™att,n dehifcit ; fern . inftngullis oculis pauca. Per G A L a X I a m et M o- 
R * A M Iridem collineat; inde per Trichonema, Geissorhjzam, 
^Sparaxidem. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS verficolor, bulbo-tuberis indufiis fcariofo-mem- 
branaceis, nervis tenuiffimis reailinee et confertim 
ftriatis ; fafciculis fubbinis, fabfexfolns ; fpatha 
bivalvi; corolla fauce filamentifque nudisj ftig- 
matibus plurimum inaequalibus, convoluto cucul- 
latis, lobatim incifis, lobulis lineanbus fine fimbria, 
antheras {ub?equantibus. G, CROCUS 

CROCUS fativus vernus. Bulliard Herb, de la Fran. tab. 

CROCUS vernus albus polyanthos verficolor. Park. Par. 

CROCUS vernus Iatifolius albo verficolore flore. Chi/. Hift.u 

204. (Ic. dubia.) 
Broad-leaved white variegated Spring Crocus. Mill. Dift. 

ed. 7. 

Differs from m<efmcus in having the filaments devoid of all 
pubefcence, the anthers 'not fo remarkably divaricate nor the 
filaments fo clofely preffed to each other, the ftigmas longer, 
not flattened nor crefted and fringed ; from vernus again in 
having a bivalved fpathe and the mouth of the tube of the 
corolla without any glandular pubefcence ; as well as in feveral 
other chara&eriftics. It is the raoft fragrant fpecies known to 
us, having a fcent refembling that of the Violet. We fufpeft 
it to be a native of the South of France. The bulb-tuber is 
large and covered with dark brown fcariofe membranes ftreaked 
with clofe ftraight parallel nerves. In this genus two fertile 
bulbs are generally evolved from the fummit of the mother- 
bulb; but thefe are fometimes grown into one; when the num- 
ber of leaves and flower-ftalks are doubled, although that of 
the root-fheaths remains the fame. G. 


No. 1 103, fag. ah. lin. 4. poft " ultimo" infere " Numero." 
No. 1103, p. prior, I. 8. poft "Liliac" infere punftum. 
No. 1103, /. alt. I. 30, poft f« expundis" dele punftum. 


[ nu ] 

Crocus M^esiacus (0). Cream-Coloured 


•$ fc & -)jfr $• & % ■%■ JJC- %■ -£~ $"*M*- $■ 3fr 

C/i7/> #W Order. 
Tkiandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. No. mo. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS mcefiacus bulbo-tuberis indufiis fcariofo-membrana- 
ceis, nervulis re&ilineis confertim (triads ; fafci- 
culis 6 — 8-foliis ; fauce nuda ; filamentis colum- 
nariter compaftis, glandulofo- pilofis ; antheris 
divaricatim difcedentibus, ftigmata fere dimidio 
fuperantibus; ftigmatibus compreffis^rafimbriatim 
erofa. G. 

CROCUS mafiacus. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. 222. 

CROCUS aureus. Flor. Gr<ec. Sibthorp. tab. 35. 

CROCUS hiteus. Lam. Encyc. v. 6. 385. ? minime vero 
Helvetiae indigena. G. 

CROCUS vernus. Curtis. Supra tab. 45. 

CROCUS vernus luteus five masfiacus vernus luteus vul- 
garis. Park. Par. p. 166. tab. 169./. 1. 

CROCUS albus major alter diBus maefiacus. Id. 1. c. p. 161. 
tab. 163. f. 2. 

CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo flore. Cluf. Hiji. 1. 206. 

This fpecies is a native of the Levant, whence it was re- 
eved by Clusius in 1579. Its deep yellow variety is now 
l he molt abundant in our gardens of all the genus as our 
Parent is, we believe, one of the rareft. Not to be con- 
bunded with the white variety of vernus from which it is 
<*% diftinguifhed by having the mouth of the tube free from 
f pubefcence, as well as by a two-valved fpathe and pubcfccnt 
filaments. For the difference between this and Julpbureus to 

which it approaches the neareft, fee above, No. 938. Since 
publishing which article, we have obferved a fpecimen in the 
Bankfian Herbarium, brought by the late Dr. Russell from 
Aleppo, which we have little doubt is of that fpecies. 

The plant, from which our drawing was made, came from 
Mr. Williams's Nurfery, but was a far fmaller in root and 
flower than many others we had afterwards an opportunity 
of examining. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

minimus. LiL a Redout^ tab. 8 1 . Exemplar in Herb. Bank/, a 
Talden in Jerfey letlum. An fubfequente diverfus ? G, 
vermis. Supra tab. 860. Engl. Bot. tab. 344, 
verficolor. Supra tab. \ no. 
biflorus. Supra tab. 845. 
fufianus. Supra tab. 652. 
fulphureus. Supra tab. 938. Exemp. in Herb. Bank/, a Rujfelt 

in agro Haleppenfi leftum ? 
jnaefiacus. Supra tab. 11 u. Iterum tab. 45, ubi perperam a 

Curtis pro verni varietate habitus eft. G. 
fativus, LiL a Redoute % tab. 173. autumnalis. Eng. Bot. tab, 


ferotinus. Parad. Lond. tab. 30. C. montanus autumnalis. 
Park. Par. 168. tab. 169. /. 5. bona. Crocum 
montanum. I. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 208. (fig. ambigua.) 

byzantinus. Nobis. Crocum montanum. III. Cluf. L c. 1. 209. 
Crocus byzantinus argenteus. Park. Par. 1^8. 
tab. 169. /. 3. 

nudiflorus. Engl. Bot. tab. 491. Nobis in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. 222, 
lapfu calami^ aphyllus, fpeciofus. BieberJIeiiiin 
Ann. of Bot. v. 2. 404 t multifidus. Ramond bull 
pbilom. n. 41. p. 129. /. 8./. 1—4. medius, Balbis 
addit. Flor. Pedem. in Romer. Archiv. fur die Bot. 3. 
p. 127. Crocum montanum. II. Cluf irlif. U 
209. Crocus pyrenaeus purpureus. Park. Par, 
168. tab. 169./. 4. 


*** T «-**>"*»<*fc*»*\r„«^ 

ISO?. ^Vw/fflf. 

£ 1112 3 

Uvularia Grandiflora. Large Yellow 

♦ < m ♦♦ m » $ »♦»>»» ♦ ♦ y » ; 

Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. — Vide fupra No. 916. 

Specific Charade r and Synonyms, 

UVULARIA grandiflora (fubmultiflora, dichotome ramofa) foliis 
perfoliatis, lanceolato-ovatis, heteromallis, fubtus 
pubefceruibus, fupra fubplicato-nervofis ; co. 
rolla oblongo-campanulata, deorfum turbinating 
anguftata ; laciniis intus obfolete tuberculatis 
et nervofis ; bafi foveola lineari-oblonga exfoffis ; 
mucronulo membranaceo fubobfolefcente prae- 
fixis. G. 

UVULARIA grandiflora. Exot. Bot. p. 99. tab. 51. 

UVULARIA perfoliata. a. major ; omnibus partibus major, 
calyce luteo intus vix granulato. Mich. Flor. 
Bor.-Amer. v. 1. p. 199; a nobij minus recle, 
(fupra in No. 955.) U. perfoliata in Synonymum 
adje&a. G. 

POLYGONUM ramofum flore luteo major. Corn. Canad. 3S. 
t. 39; etiam a nobis uti et precedens perperam 
perfoliata pro fynonymo datum. G. 

SI GILLUM indicum flore luteo. Bod.tnStap.lheophr. 1067. 
f. 3. peffima. 

According to Michaux, native of the higheft mountains 
P f Canada and Carolina. Root creeping ; flem a foot or more 
£gh, round, enveloped downwards by feveral convolute 
ftreakedly membranous alternate unequal root-fteaths, upwards 
,e *fy and dichotomoufly branched; branches leafy, lax flexuofe, 
*"£*; leaves many/ alternate, perfoliate, lanceolate ovate, 
undulate at the bafe, on the upper furface nerved- lineat .be- 
neath hoary and covered with a elofe fhort velvety pubetenc ; 

peduncles filiform, rameous, axillary, one- flowered, recurved, 
furnifhed about their 'middle with a leailike bratte, from one 
to four, tending into one rank; coroi'a yellow, pendulous, 
cernuous, turbinately campanulate, about an inch and half 
long; Segments very {lightly cohering at their bafe, oblong; 
ftriatulate and fubreticulately veined, generally fomewhat 
twilled upwards, outer broader, fublanceolate, inner mere 
linear, all interfered on the infide by a longitudinal flender 
two-ridged furrow, terminated at the bafe by a fmall oblong 
melliferous green cavity, where they are alfo fomewhat thick- 
ened, obfoletely turberculate and {triate ; on the ouifide 
gibbous; fi aniens twice as fhort as the corolla, upright, loofely 
furrounding the piftil ; filaments inferted at the bafe of the 
corolla between the fegments and the germen, membranous, 
linear, fomewhat dilated at their bafe, inner rather fhorter; 
anthers three times longer than thefe, linear-oblong, fubfagit- 
tate, upright, fixed by their bafe, generally terminated by a 
fmall membranous inconfpicuous mucro; germen green, obovate, 
obfoletely trigonal, fix-furrowed, the corner furrows deepen i 
Jiyle longer than germen, ftraight, fulcately trigonal, as if of three 
filiform ones grown together; jiigmas linear, but little fhorter 
than ftyle, recurvedly divergent, inwards glandularly pubefcent. 
The whole plant is devoid of fcent. Blooms the beginning of 
May. Perfectly hardy. 

Our drawing was made from a plant imported laft year by 
Mr. Williams, of Turnham-Green, from North-America. 



No. 955, 1. 2. dele •• (*) :" ibidemque, I. 13, poft " Bor.-Amer. I. »9* 
infere " exclufa -varsetate «, majore ad grandifiaram pertinente;" expungensillic 
Jeliquam totam quae fubfequitur fj nonymiam una cum varietatum charafleriDu*- 


J***r*'&'itS*&May2 ]0nJ J^ t 

jr, n»y7>rttS**f" 

c ii 4 ] 

Erythronium Americanum. Yellow- 
Flowered Dog's-Tooth-Violet. 

fj u fr $ ft f & » 4t ft ♦ ft ft ft ft 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha o. Cor. infera hexapetalo-partita, turbinatim cam- 
panulata, cernua, laciniis a medio reflexis. Stam. ima corolla 
inferta, breviora. Fiji, hi? longius. Stylus fulcato-trigonus, 
modo clavatim incraflatus oreque fligmatofo triangulofe fub- 
niante terrninatus ; modo in lamellas trinas lineares condupli- 
catim canal iculatas recurvatim patentes difcedens. Cap/, tur- 
binato-globofa, ere&a. Sem. plura, ovata. C. 

Oes. Bu\bus folidus, fere Tulips, pyramidatim ovafus, Ugmhibus 
fariofo-membranaceis involutus, baft hlnc obliquatim comprejjus, inde fub- 
ymidiatim fibrillatus ; folia fubradicalia, gemina, petiolata, laminis oppa- 
J'jis, conaceis, fcepius purpureo-variegatis, petiolis convolutim vaginantibus t 
deorfum cum {capo nude concreta ; is ereflus, unifiorus ; anth. lineari-oblonga, 
jilamentis comprejfo-Vinearibus parum breviores. In dente Canis corolla 
lacinics fcrobiculo meUlfiuo baft exfofik funt t habentque injuper interhres trcs 
•pophyfibui glanduhfts tranfverftm adauflas. G. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms. 

ERYTHRONIUM americanum ; foliis Ianceolato-ellipticis, 
mucrone conduplicato ; ltylo clavato, 
fulcato-trigono, ore ftigmatofo triangulofe 
fubhiante intus glandulofe pubefcente 
terminato; antheris luteis. G. 

ERYTHRONIUM Dens Cam's; foliis ianceolato-oblongis, 
flore flavefcente. Micbaux Flor, Bor.~ 
Amer. 1. 198. Nee Linnsei. 

E. Dens Cams, van y. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 96*. 

*• foliis ovato-oblongis glabris nigro maculatis. Gronov. Virgin* 
ed. 1. 151. ed. 2. 51. Co I 'den. Novebor. 
n. 72. Herb, Clayt, in Miifao Bank/. 


Bulb folid, ovate-pyramidal, about the fize of a filbert, 
covered with membranous dark brown coats ; leaves coriace- 
ous, two, diftich, lanceolately elliptic, interfered by a longi* 
tudinal furrow, carinately ribbed beneath, glaucous-green, 
variegated with liver-coloured blotches, (when- looked at 
through a magnifying glafs r are found to be fhagreened or 
roughened by minute pointed tubercles) (landing on narrow 
convolute petioles, the one of which envelopes the other, 
while both (heath the lower part of the one-flowered naked 
fcape, with which they are concrete below ; corolla deep 
yellow ; outer fegments broader and more reflex ; filaments 
inferted between the bafe of the piilil and that of the corolla, 
upright, linear, flat, fubmembranous, adpreffed to the germen, 
longer than the anlhers % which are yellow ; fiyle green, tn- 
fulcate, triquetrally clavate, furmounted by a triangular ftig- 
matofe opening, pubefcent within, projecting beyond the 
ftamens ; germen green, obovate, obfoletely trigonal, three 
times fhorter than ftyle, corners furrowed. 

Native of North-America, and but recently introduced into 
our gardens. Differs from the European fpecies, with which 
it has been generally confounded, in having a green triquetrally 
club-fhaped ftyle, not terminating in three recurvedly patent 
foldingly channelled ftigmas j nor did we perceive any traces 
of the nectaries found at the bafes of the fegments of the co- 
rolla in Dens Cams', nor of the tranfverfe appendages of the 
three inner ones of the fame. But of this circumltance we 
cannot fpeak with certainty, as the bloom was confiderably 
faded when we obtained it for examination. f 

Sent to us in bloom laft April, by Mr. Loddiges, of 
Hackney, and alfo by Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic Garden, 
Brompton. G. 

JtelrTG^j-tc fiyiWjk 

t nl 4 ] 

Teucrium Betonicum. Hoary 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Corolla labium fuperius (nullum) ultra bafin bipartitum, du 
varicatum. Stamina exferta. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TEUCRIUM betonicum ; caule fruticofo, foliis petiolatis 
cuneiformi-ovatis crenatis fubtus incams, racemis 
terminalibus brachiatis, braaeis lanceolatis in- 
tegerrimis. , 

TEUCRIUM betonicum; foliis lanceolatis crenatis tomentons 
fubtus incanis, racemis terminalibus, caute flo- 
rifero brachiato. Hort. Kew. 2. />. 279- ^ lld ' 
Sp. PI. 3. 25. Mart. Mill. Ditf. n. 30. L'Herit. 
Stirp. Nov. i./>. 83. /. 40. 

TEUCRIUM betonicafolium. Jacq. Collefi. 1. p. 145- * 1 7- 

/. 2. . c . ■ - 

TEUCRIUM canefcens ; foliis petiolatis cuneiformi-ovatis in* 
cifis crenatis, racemis terminalibus, flonbus op- 
pofitis, braaeis integerrimis lanceolatis. torjt. 
in Comment. Goett. 9. />. 58; . 
TEUCRIUM maderen/ei foliis ovato-oblongis obtufis crenatis 
bafi latioribus, caule fruticofo, racemis termi- 
nalibus. Lamarck Encyclop.2. p. 684- 
SALVIA major folio glauco ferrato. Shane Htji. 1. /. 17. 

*> 3-/- 3- 

, This is a very handfome greenhpufe fhrub ; native ^ of the 
Ifland of Madeira, from whence it was introduced interim 

country, by Sir Joseph Banks, in 1775, and is now very 
common. Sir Hans Sloane gathered a barren branch of 
the fame fhrub near Fenchal, and publifhed a figure of it in 
his Hiftory of Jamaica. 

It has been obferved, that from the lengthened tube and 
the want of any divifion in the upper lip, this fpecies rather 
belongs to Ajuga than to Teucrium; thefe genera are 
however lb nearly allied, that, perhaps, there is no natural 
diftin£tion between them. 

Produces its fragrant flowers nearly the whole of the fum- 
mer ; is eafily propagated by cuttings, and requires little care: 
qualities which have occafioned it to be very common. Our 
drawing was taken from a fpecimen at Lord Holland's. 


.r r 

JT ■ farfonS^ 

C 1115 3 

Aristolochia Glauca, Glaucous- 
Leaved Birth-Wort, 

C/4/5 and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

Generic Charter. 

Cal. o. Cor. l-petala, ligulata, bafi ventricofa. Cap/. 6- 
locularis, polyfperma, infera. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ARISTOLOCHIA glauca; (volubilis, fruticulofa) foliis cor- 
datis planis glaucis, pedunculis foil tarns 
ereais, corollse limbo ovato retufo pu- 
befcente. , 

ARISTOLOCHIA glauca; foliis cordatis ovaus obtuhs iub- 
tus glaucis, caule volubili, corollis m- 
curvis, labio ovato retufo. IVilld. Sp. 

PI. v.\. p. i5 8 - „ „ -' r ... 

ARISTOLOCHIA glauca; caule fruticofo fcandente, foliis 
cordatis, floribus folitarns pedunculatis, 
corollis arcuatis, limbo ovato. Desf. Atl. 

2. p. 324- t> 2 5 2 ' _ . , r rif 

ARISTOLOCHIA fubglauca ; foliis cordatis obtufis fubtus 

glaucis, caulibus angulatis fruticulofis, 

. tubo floris verfus apicem amphato oblique 

truncato recurvo. Lam.Encych 1.^.254. 

This fpecies of Aristolochia, a native of Spain and 
Barbary, appears to us to have been fometimes confounded 
vifofempervirens, given alio in this number. The glaucous 
J eaves, not at all waved, and dark purple flowers on long, 
dearly ftraight peduncles, will however eafily diftinguifh the 
glauca from every other. " . 

Our figures of both fpecies were taken from the Dowager 
^ady De Clifford's garden, in July 1801. 


C 1116 ] 

Aristolochia Sempervirens. Evergreen 


Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria, 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1115. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ARISTOLOCHIA Jempervirens (Volubilis, fruticulofa) foliis 
cordatis oblongis acuminatis, undulatis, 
pedunculis folitariis tortuofis pendulis, 
corollae limbo ovato retufulo. 

ARISTOLOCHIA Jempervirens. Sp, PL 1363. Reich. 4. 
p. 69. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 158. Hori, 
Cliff- 43 2 - SattV. Monfp. ill. Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. n. 16. Sabb. Hort. 2. /. 82. 
Kniph. Cent. 3. n. 14. 

PISTOLOCHIA cretica. Bauk Pin. 307. Mar//. Hift. 3. 
/>. 510. / 12. /. 17. /♦ 16. 

HSTOLOCHIA altera. CluJ. Hift. 2. p. 260. 

There is a near affinity between this fpecies and the pre- 
ceding ; the flowers in both are folitary ; the ftems climbing 
a nd angular; but the flowers of Jempervirens are fmaller, of a 
P al e yellow colour with deep red ftripes, fometimes varying to 
dark purple on the outfide; the peduncles twilled and hanging 
down, as if not able to fupport the weight of the flowers ; the 
^aves are more acuminate and much waved, as well as of a 
thicker texture. Native of the Ifle of Candia. 
. Both thefe plants ftood out of doors, in a fheltered fituation, 
through the winter, at Lady De Clifford's ; but coming 
[ r °ni a fouthern clime, may be more fafely conlidered as green-. 
Jjufe plants. , Cultivated in the Chelfea Garden, by Philip 
Mil ler, in 1730. 



L mi ] 

Prunus Nigra. Black Plum-Tree. 


Generic Charaffer. 

Cat. 6-fidus, inferus. Petala 5. 2>*p* nux futuris pro- 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PRUNUS nigra ; umbellis feffilibus folitariis paucifloris, foliif 
deciduis ovatis acuminatis, petiolis biglanduloiis. 
Hort. Kew. 2. p. 165. Willi. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 993. 

PRUNUS hiemalis ; arborea ; ftipulis fetaceo-compofms : 
foliis oblongo-ovalibus obovalibufve, abrupte pro- 
mifleque acuminatis : pedicellis aggregatis, gla- 
bris : calycis laciniis lanceolatis ; fruBu fubovato. 
Micbaux Fl. Bar. Am. 1. p. 284 ? 

Descr. Stem arborefcent : branches covered with a fmooth 
blackifh bark, afh-coloured on one fide , dotted with white 
warty excrefcences. Flowers precede the leaves, very iweet- 
fonted, grow in feflile 2 _ 4 -flowered umbels, which are fome- 
times folitary, fometimes two together and not ""frequently 
three. Pedicles red, warty, free from all pubefcence ha f an 
^ch long; but lengthening as the flowers decay. Calyx in- 
ferior, rfd; /^top-fhaped: ^5^ ^"^oncave' 
glandular-toothed, patent. Petals 5, fuborbicu ar, concave 

veined, white, wit/ M*^' ^ n & fntTthe 

calyx :fiyl e afcending longe r than ^J^. m °^ 
^aves oval, acuminate, doubly ferrate, ^ pet o /> 

paving two glands near the leaf, and frequently in ^^ 

down ; and, when young, a pair, of linear, glandular-ciliate 

Upon a companion of our plant with the fpecimen of 
Prunus nigra in the Bankfian Herbarium, it appears to be 
undoubtedly the fame ; but in the Hortus Kewenfis, it is called 
the black Cherry : tree. We have not feen the fruit, but fup- 
pofe it to be a Plum, efpecially as there is a fpecimen in the 
fame Herbarium, from the elder Bartram, of what he calls 
* the common native Plum of America," which appears to us 
to be the fame fpecies. Flowers in May, Our drawing was 
taken at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's Nurfery, Old- 
Brompton. Said ia the Hortus Kewenfis to have been intro- 
duced by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, in 1773- Is per- 
fectly hardy* 


rd"a*i£- 77 1/ 

A^V/* «■*,.. 

C Ht8 ] 

Arenaria Montana. Mountain 


MM »♦» » ♦ i ♦»♦*♦* *f+ . 

* C/a/Jr and Order. 

Pecandria Trigynia. 

Generic Cbaratler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus, patens, Petala 5, integra. Cap/. i-locularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARENARIA montana; caiilibus fterilibus longiffimis pro- 
cumbentibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, toliolw 
calycinis acuminatis petalis plunes minonbus, 
petal is obovatis integerrimis exungmculatis. 

ARENARIA montana; foliis lineari-lanceolatis Icabris, cauli- 
bus fterilibus longiffimis procumbentibus, Amain. 
Acad. a. p. 272. Spec. PL 602. Willd. 2. 721. 
Krock. SHes. n. 677. De AJfo Arragon. n. 383. 
t. 2. /. 3. Mart. Mil!. Diet. n. 11. Brot. blor. 

Lufit. 1. />. 199- . • n -r :«. 

ALSINE montana ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis ; ramis florifcris 

eredis, fterilibus longiffimis procumbentibus. 

Ventenat Hort. Celf. 34- . . 

ALSINE foliis linearibus acuminatis, petal.s florum integns 

calyce duplo longioribus. Mounter Obf. 127. 
MYOSOTIS lufitanica linaria, folio magnoflore A»™4£ 

/2 ifcr* p. 244- exauaoritateherbarnVaillant. 

Dp scr The whole plant is covered with a foft pubefcence, 
but it i only wtn dry That any "-^£2^^ 
leaves. „L procumbent : flowing *^£j£ 
W linear-lanceolate, acute, ^^f^llfrtfci of the 
>nd growing clofer together about the V flowcring 

flowering branches, than in our figure, which was taken from 
one in the firft year of its flowering. Peduncles one-flowered, 
longer than leaves, bent down as the fruit ripens. Calycine 
leaflets ovate-acuminate, pubefcent, not ftriated. Corolla 5- 
petaled, large, white : petals obovate, quite entire, rounded at 
the point, with hardly any claw. Stamens ten : filaments white. 
Germen roundifh, pointed : Jiyles or feflile ftigmas three, white. 
Capfule conical, one-celled, fplitting at the point into fix 
valves : Seeds many, kidney-fhaped, brown. 

This plant is one of the largeft of the genus, reaching fome- 
times, when fupported by the, amongft which it pre- 
fers growing, to the height of a foot and a half or two feet; 
its flowers are fpecious enough to attract attention, neither is 
it by any means uncommon in the mountainous diftricls in the 
South of France, particularly in the vallies of the department of 
the Hautes- Pyrenees, in the mountains of Arragon, and in the 
northern parts of Portugal ; all which circumftances confidered, 
it feems furprifing that the older Botanifts fhould have left us no 
certain account of this plant. The fynonymfrom Tournefort 
was adduced by Ventenat on the authority of Vaillant's 
Herbarium, but Scheuchzer, who has mentioned Tourne- 
fort's plant in his Itinera Alpina, probably miftook it for 
Cerastium tomentofum, as we infer from the other fynonyms 
»ie has quoted. The firft fatisfa&ory account we find of the 
Arek ari a ?nont ana is in Dr. Monnier's Obfervations on 
the Natural Hiftory of the Southern Provinces of France, 
publifhed at the end of M. Cassini de Thury's Work on 
the Meridian of the Obfervatory at Paris. He fays that it 
occurs plentifully on the road from Orleans to Bourges, efpe- 
cially in the foreft of Alloigni. 

Brotero feems to hefitate whether he fhould conlider the 
plant he has defcribed under the name of Arenaria Mon- 
tana to be the fame with that of Linnaeus, but a comparifon 
of his own with Monnier's defcriptions, leaves no room to 
doubt of their identity. It is a perfectly hardy perennial, 
mould be planted in bog-earth, in a fhady and damp fituation. 
Propagated by dividing its roots, or by feed. Flowers in 
April, May, and June. 

Our drawing was taken from afpecimen in Mr. Salisbury'* 
Botanic Garden, at Brompton, in May 1807. 


C in 9 ] 

Aconitum Uncinatum. Hook-Flowered 


*** ** $ » » » ».#»♦■» »#jf $ » 

CAt/} a»</ Orvter. 


Generic Chara-tJer. 

Cat. o. /V/0/0 5, fupremo fomicato. Neflaria 2, pedun- 
culata, recurva. Siliqua 3. f. 5. ♦ 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

ACONITUM uncinatum ; floribus fubpentagynis, foliis mul- 
tilobis, corollamm galea longius extenfa. Syji. 
Veg. 504. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 1238. Hort. Kew. 
2. />. 246. Mart. Mill. Did. n. 9. 

ACONITUM uncinatum ; caule flexuofo : foliis 3— 5-partito- 
palmatis ; lobis rhomboideo lanceolatis : cap- 
fulis ternis. Michaux FI. Bor. Am. 1. p. 315 ? 

The leaves of this fpecies, a native of North-America, are 
lefs deeply divided than in any other with which we are ac- 
quainted; a charaaer that diftinguifhes it at firft fight. The 
lowers refemble thofe of A. Cammarum, but the point of the 
helmet-fhaped petal turns inwards, inftead of being refleaed, 
as it urually is in the laft mentioned fpecies ; the fide-petals 
are kidney-fhaped and appear ciliated, when viewed through a 
le "s ; the lower petals are unequal. This plant has been fup- 
Pofed to be the Aconitum japonicum of Thunberg, which 
that Botanift defcribes as having flowers very fimilar to A. 
bcoftonum, and muft be therefore altogether different. The 
Japan fpecies, we fufpeB, has never been feen 1.1 this country, 
^ough its name occurs in fome of our catalogues. 

It is more from the companion of our plant with the fpe- 
cimen in the Bankfian Herbarium, than from its exact agree- 


ment with the defcriptions of Linnaeus and Michaux, that 
we confider it to be the uncinatum. 

The very curious ne&aries in this genus, and which really 
aire receptacles of honey, are called by Jussieu petals, toge- 
ther with the minute coloured excrefcences, furrounding the 
germcns ; and what Linnaeus calls corolla is confidered by 
him as the calyx. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in September. Requires no 
particular treatment. Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 

[ I120 ] 

Anemone Narcissiflora. Narcissus-Flowereo 
Anemone, or Wind Flower. 

» » i $ » » » » » ♦ » » |H ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 


Generic Character. 
Cal. o. P^/rtA/ 6 — 9. Sem. plura. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANEMONE narciffiflora ; floribus umbellatis involucratts, 
foliis radicalibus palmatis incifo-dentatis. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 1283. 

ANEMONE narciffiflora; floribus umbellatis, femimbus de- 
prefl'o-ovalibus nudis. Sp. PL 763. Gmel. Sibir. 
4. p. 200. n. 42. >^. Aujlr. /. 159. CV^w/2: 
^///r. fafc. 2. 7-. 122. /. 3. /. 1. hoffm. Germ. 
191. fi/Aiw />//•£- 3- />• 7 22 - G ^ r - ^^ 3 8l » 
liorL Kezv. 2. p. 257- . 

ANEMONE femimbus nudis rotundis plahis, folns feptindis 
imbricatis, floribus umbellatis. Hall. Helv. n. 

d» 11 55 t Enum. 330. 4. 

^LSATILLA trianthos fulfurea femine non pappofo. Barrel. 

RANUNCULUS montanus hirfutus albus altior. Bauh. Pin. 

\ montanus hirfu'tus humilior narciffi flore. Bauh Pin. 182. 

K - montani 2 fpecies prima et altera. Chef. Htjl. 1. p. 235. 

* Rati HijL 590. 

p" a 'pinus albo flore. Ciuf. Pan. 363. 

J' al Pinus narciffi flore. Gfi»/. P**. 3 66 > 3 6 7- ... 

K - Montanus purpurafcente flore.. Ciuf. Pan. 367, 368 f "*> 

C ARYOPHYLLATA alpina quinquefolia. Bauh. Pin. 322. 

AC ONlTUMtnd{dl 9 Lulon. DaUch. Ugd. ^ &>'* 
Gallic. 2. 596. jbe 

The Anemone narciJftflora t although rarely met wfth in our 
colie&ions, is a very common plant on the high mountains, in 
the South of Europe ; and in Siberia, according to Gmelin, 
from the river Ianiii nearly to the 54th degree of Northern lati- 
tude. We have feen dried fpecimens alfo from Mount Caucafus. 
Is faid by'Ci.usius to be iweet-fcented, which we could not 
perceive. This plant varies very much in ftature and in the 
lize of its flowers ; and the Anemone fafciculata of the Species 
Plantarum is one of thefe varieties. Moll probably too, Clu- 
jsius's Ranunculus montanus with a purple flower, above 
quoted, which he had not feen himfelf, but received the de- 
fcription and drawing of it from his friend Dr. Thomas 
Penny, of London, is another variety ; but if fo, the calyx, 
which appears below the flower in the figure, mult be an 
error. Our plant has frequently petals ftained with purple 
on the outfide, efpecially when pari its prime. It is one of 
the moft fhewy of the alpine plants, prefers a moift fituation 
and bog earth. Introduced to this country in 17731 by the late 
Earl of Bute. Flowers in April and May. Communicated 
by Mr. Loddiges. 

C 1121 ] 

Mimosa Stricta. Twin-Flowered 

■»-* * * » * » -sShNhNhNhNh^ 
C/d/> and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. St am. 5. f. plura, 
^- 1. Legumen. 
Masc Gz/. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. *S7tf/». 5— JO, plura. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MIMOSA Jiricla ,- foliis fimplicibus cuneato-linearibus, pe- 
dunculis geminatis axillaribus patentiflimis, capi- 
tulis globofis. 

MIMOSA Jiricla. Bot. Repof. 53. Recenf. 126. Dryander, 
in Ann. Bot. v. 2. p. 530. 

ACACIA Jiricla. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 1052. 

Descr. An upright fhrub : tranches few, twiggy, angular, 
from a projeding cuplike ftipule, which receives the footftalk 
of the leaf and is decurrent down the ftem. Leaves long, 
tongue- fhaped, narrowing towards the bafe.marginated, glaucous, 
oblique, ereci, veined. Foot/talk hardly any, inferted by a 
joint into the cuplike ftipule above mentioned. Flowers in 
globular heads, the fize of a large pea. Peduncles axillary, 
growing two together, oppofite and Handing at right angles 
with the ftem. Calyx minute, chaffy. Corolla fmall, 5-petaled. 
Stamens very many, much longer than the corolla. 

The Mimosa JlricJa, a hardy greenhoufe fhrub, is a native 
of New-Holland, and being propagated by cuttings, as well as 
by feeds, which long preferve their vegetating ftate, is fre- 
quently met with in the collections about the metropolis. Has 

no fcent. Introduced by Governor Paterson in 1790* 
Flowers in the fpring months. Communicated by Mr. Lod- 


Willdenow has thought fit to reftore the old name of 
Acacia, confidering the ienfitive plants as a diflinclt genus, 
for which he retains the name of Mimofa; but as other di- 
vifions of this too extenfive genus mufl be made, which can- 
not be properly executed without comparing the feed-pods, 
we think it fafeft at prefent to arrange all thefe plants, as 
heretofore, under the name of Mimosa; for as few of them 
ever produce ripe feed in Europe, no attempt to divide them 
can be fuccefsful, till fome Botanift, who has an opportunity of 
examining their fruit, fhall undertake it. 

All the fimple-leaved Mimofas fhew pinnated leaves in the 
feedling plant ; whence it may be doubted whether they are 
not in reality leaflefs, having only dilated leaf-ftalks ; but, as 
thefe are veined like leaves, there can be no doubt but that 
they perform the function of fuch ; and we have not hefitated 
to adopt the common language, without entering into the 
queftion whether they are properly leaves or not. 



1 ll \ 

1 i 




ma i ■■ t v 




[ 1122 ] 

Colchicum Byzantinum. Broad-Leaved 

M ♦ » » » ♦ » ♦ ♦ ♦ * * * ♦ ♦ ♦ * * « 

Hexandria Mono- vel Trigynia. 
Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 1028. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

COLCHICUM byzantinum (bulbo maximo y deprejfo-globofo) 
foliis fubquinis, exterioribus duobus brevi- 
oribus, recumbentibus, ovato-oblongis cum 
acumine, latiffimis, obiter in longum plicatim 
corrugatis, atro-virentibus ; floribus haecce 
diu prsevenientibus, fubfucceffive numerous 
(vicenis vel pluribus). G. 

COLCHICUM byzantinum. Nobis fupra No. 1028. pag. alt. 
in Spec. Synth. 

COLCHICUM latifolium byzantinum TroXvx^-rrXccl<pvXkov cum 
fruau. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 199» 20 °- cum Ic - 

COLCHICUM byzantinum. Park. Par. 154, 155- 

COLCHICUM latifolium polyantbes. J. Baub. Htjl. 2. 655. 

Bulbs of this fpecies were received by Clusius, while at 
Vienna, in 1598, from Conitantinople. It has never yet 
be en taken up as a fpecies in any fyftematic enumeration or 
Plants known to us. The bulb is the largeft, the leaves the 
broadeft, and the flowers the moft numerous of any ol the 
genus ; the fize of the firft being equal to a man's fill, the 
breadth of the outermoft leaf meafuring fometimes near bx 
ln ehes, and we have feen from fixtecn to twenty flowers thrown 
U P in fuccefhon. The filaments are alternately fhortcr, and 
marked on the outfide at the bafe with a tawny fpot. I he 


foliage is in perfection about the middle of May ; the bloom 
early in the autumn. 

Although cultivated here from the days of Parkinson, is 
now a rare plant in our gardens. Seems to be perfectly 

The' fpecimen, from which our drawing M'as made, was the 
produce of a Bulb imported from Holland laft year. G. 


No. 1089, /. 30. pro l( collinens" lege '* collineans." 

No. 1110, /. 30. pro <« Shigullls oculis" lege " Jitrgztlis loculis." 

No. 1 hi, p. alt. I. 29. poji ** aphyllus" pro commate fubfiitue periodum. 

No. 1112, I. 25. pro " Bod. in Stap. Theophr." lege " Bod. aStap. m 

No. 1112, /. 20. poji " 955" dele periodum. 
No. 1112, /. 19. poji « refte" dele comma. 
^ T *. 1113, /. 18. pro " concrefa" lege < f eoticretit." 


[ "2 3 ] 
Iris Ruthenica. Pigmy Flag. 

_&. ife, «!e, >!t. A-jis. >'.*. j'i. >v. *i». jjt. >'». "44. »V »k. ^ 
If ^»' •,*■ V^ 1 *JS* ^jC •j*' >;«• v.r -/,<• ^c- *,*• vjc >,c-^ ^? 

C/<//} #»</ Order. 
Triaxdria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N' u 787 et 986. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IKIS ruthenica (imberbis ; uniflora ; rbizomate repente ra- 
mentis foliaceis jilifque hirfuto ,-J fafciculis fterilibus plu- 
nfoliis ; foliis angufte lineari-gramineis, nervofis, caule 
florifero altioribus ; fpathae valvulis cymbiformi-con- 
duplicatis ; corollae tubo cuniculato, limbo multoties 
breviore, germen fubcylindricum inclufum pedicellatum 
lubaequante ; laciniis intimis divergenter ere£iis, bre- 
vioribus, fubtriplo anguftioribus. G. 

JRIS foliis linearibus ; corolla imberbi ; fructu obtufe trigono 
turbinato. Gmel. Flor. Sib. 1. p. 26. n. 26. tab. 5. f. 1 
(optime) exclufis Bauhino, Lobelio, et Dodonao. — Obiter 
memoratur a Pallas in It. v. 3. p. 714 ; nee dato nomine 

*RIS humilis anguftifblia casrulea ; tefta feminali non roftrata 
alba. Amman, Ruth. 134? 

Plant cefpitofe ; rootflock creeping, in fpontaneous fpecimens 
r °ughened and covered by remnants of precedent leaves mixed 
Wlt h filiform fhreads ; Jlerile fajcicles of feveral narrow, linear- 
gramineous, nerved leaves, from four to fix inches high, down* 
w ards edgewife-equitant and fheathing each other conduplicately ; 
u P^ardsdivergingdiltichly; floweringyfrwextrafoliaceous, about 
f Wo inches high, with two or more fheath-like leaflets, terminated 
b y a bivalved, one-flowered, compreffed-lanceolate, fubfpha- 
Ce 'ate fpaihe, which envelops the pedicled germen ; corolla 
v arymg from blue to white, exceeding fragrant, with the fcent 
0{ violets, and in proportion to the plant large ; tube round, 


fhort, about the length of the germen, and many times fhorter 
than limb, gradually enlarged into a turbinate/^.*', cuniculate, 
not folid ; inner Jegments upright-divergent, linear-lorate, 
unguiculate, about one-fourth fhorter than the others and 
nearly three times narrower; outer beardlefs, with recurvedly 
reflected lamina ; Jlyle about the length of the tube, from which 
it is entirely free ; Jegments of the inner lip of the fligmas 
ferrately toothed ; filaments adnate to the tube ; germen oval- 
cylindrical, three times fhorter than pedicle ; capfule> as de- 
fcribed by Gmelin, turbinate, trigonal, and the feeds roundifh 
and black, but fometimes preffed into different forms by mutual 
comae! ; we lufpect the flem is confiderably elongated during 
the development of the fruit. 

Native of Siberia, Dauria, and their neighbouring diftrifts 
within the Ruffian empire. Although completely defcribed 
and excellently delineated in the Flora Sibirica of Gmelin, it 
lias not been taken up-in any general arrangement of vegetables 
that we have feen, or received a fpecific name till now. Our 
prefent plant was raifed from feeds imported by Mr. Loddiges 
of Hackney, with whom it flowered early in May 1806 and in 
the prefent year. Comes very near to the North-American 
verna, which has however a far longer tube to the corolla. 
The Bankfian Herbarium contains feveral native fpecimens of 
both fpecies. G, 


[ H24 ] 

Anthericum Canaliculatum. Hairy 

4hMh* *4 #♦ $ *■ ♦ #-* * 

C/<//> tftfi Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafter. — Fid. No. 816. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANTHERICUM canaliculatum foliis fubcarnofis pilofis enfi- 
formi-triquetris latere anguftiori canalicu- 
latis, lcapo fimplici. Hort. Kew. 1. 448. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 141. 

ANTHERICUM hirfutum. Thunb. Prod. Fl. cap. 63 ? Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 140? 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Introduced into Kcw 
Gardens by Masson, in 1774; blooms in April. Root/lock 
throwing out a fafcicle of thick tlefhy fubcylindric fibres. Al- 
though the Item is defcribed in the Hortus Kewenfis as fimple, 
vet the fpecimen in the Bankfian Herbarium has one branch. 
If our figure is corred, the pedicles and outfide of the coro la 
a re hairy, which was not the cafe in the Kew plant; the 
flowers of which are alfo faid to have been marked with green, 
*hi!e in our plant the place of that colour is fupplied by a 
(li "gv purplifh red. But thefe are diltinaions which by them- 
es are of no avail in forming fpecific charaBers ; and vary 
even in the fame plant, from change of culture or Rate ot 
growth. The fpecies feems to be very nearly allied to longt- 
fotem. It is to be regretted that Willd enow has taken up 
indifcriminately all the fpecies from Thunberg s /W^J 
Fkr* CapenrL as it is quite impoflible to ay With any 
degree of certaintv, whether th ev belong to thofe of other 
authors ; unfer. they have been defcribed elfewhere in a more 
bailed manner by himfelf, as feme of them have; or have 
been adopted by him from other books. O. 

■■~r*-uju r j J „. • 

C 112 5 ] 

Amaryllis Advena. Streaked-Flowered 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 923*. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS advena (umbella 4 — 5- flora ; corolla infundi- 
buliformi-campanulata ; limbo fubringenter ir- 
regular i ;) f'oliis uno-pluribus, lineari-loratis, 
convoluto-concavis, obtufiufculis, fubglaucef- 
centibus, fcapo comprefTo-tereti fubaequalibus ; 
corollis nutantibus; laciniaruin laminis lan- 
ceolato-oblongis, parum inaequalibus, recur- 
vatim divergentibus ; tubo brevi, germini fub- 
aequali, ore a fertulo membranaceo pennicil- 
latim multifido coronato ; ftaminibus fafcicu- 
latis, declinalis, afTurgentibus, alternis pluri- 
mum brevioribus; ftigmatibus trinis, recur- 
vato-patentibus. G. 

mLIO-NARCISSUS poiyanthos, flore exterius rubro, intus 
luteo et rubro vario. Feuill. Obf. v. 3. t. xxi. 
p. 30. 

Bulb fcarcely the fize of a hen's egg, covered by feveral 
phacelately merfibranous integuments of a dark chefnut colour; 
e wes from one to fix, (of three different fpecimens we faw nb 
°ne had the fame number of thefe,) linear, convolute-concave, 
°t>tufe, externally fubfemicylindric, fomewhat glaucous, about 
l j}£ third of an inch broad and from a foot to two feet long ; 
Jcape compreffed-round, about their height ; fiozvcrs pe- 
rked, from four to five, nodding horizontally, about two 
ln ches long, of a bright vermilion colour fuftufed and flreakcd 


with a greenifh yellow, efpecially on the inner fide ; furrounded 
at the Safe of their pedicles by a fcariofely membranous bi- 
valved acuminate Jpathe ; corolla funnelform-campanulate ; 
tube fhort, about equal to the germen, melliferous, crowned 
by a fhort membranous pencilwife -jagged garland or ring; 
limb fix-parted, fubbilabiately irregular ; fcgments unguiculate, 
recurvedly divergent ; lamina lanceolate-oblong and not much 
broader than ungues, which converge turbinately towards the 
tube, outer ones rather the broadeft and tipped with a fmall 
flefhy inwardly barbed fubulate mucro ; ftamens fafciculatc, 
declined-affurgent, about one-fourth fhorter than limb, alter- 
nate ones confiderably the fhorteft, all adnate to the hollow of 
the tube; anthers linear-oblong, incumbent, balancing; Jlyh 
equal to the longer ftamens, fubtriquetral, clavately thickened 
upwards ; ftigmas three, compreffed-linear, recurved-patenL 

A native of Chili ; and till now, we believe, an entire 
(Iranger to our European gardens. Although defcribed and 
figured in Feu ill re's Journal, it has not been arranged w 
any of the fyftematic records of vegetation ; nor had it before 
received a fpecific name. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen, the produce ot 
bulbs, brought by Mr. Brandt from South-America; and 
given by him to Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, • with whom it 
flowered laft May, at their Xurfery, Hammerfmith. The 
whole plant is void of fcent. Renuircs to be kept in the ftove. 

[ 1125 ] 

' Hyoscyamus Scopolia. Pendulous- 
Flowered Henbane. 

■JMf-^ fc # fr ^ $ fc# ^ S^S- £$"#• ?£- $$• 

C7j/} ##</ Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, obtufa. Stam. inclinata. Cap/, oper- 
culata, 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYOSCYAMUS Scopolia ; foliis ovatis integris, calycibus 

inflatis campanulatis laevibus. Syfl. Vcgetab. 

221. IVilld. S p. Pl.i. 1013. Hort. Kew. 1. 

p. 241. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 8. Scop. Cam. 

v. 254. G<ertn. Sent. 1. p. 370. 
SCOPOLA carniolica. Jacq. Obf. 1. p. 32. /. 20. 
SOLANUM fomniferum bacciferum. Bauh. Pin. 166. 
SOLANUM fomniferum aiterum. Matthioli Epit. 750. Morif. 

£/>/7.8i6. Ejufd.Herb.zTj. Ran //#?. 680. 
Park, the at. 346. 

Matthiolus, the firft Botanift who notices this plant, 
confidered it as a fpecies of Deadly Night-Shade and even 
defcribed the fruit as being a black berry; by which he milled 
all the older Botanifts. Scopoli, a Phyfician and celebrated 
Naturalift at Ydria in the Frioul, firft gave a true defcnption 
^ the fruit, and having an opportunity of fearchmg in the 5>al- 
valine mountain, near Goritia, where Matthtolus ^oyered 
", was able to afcertain that his plant was the fame. Although 
Scopoli pointed out the difference in the fruit, he continued 
to confider it neverthelefs as a fpecies of Atropa. Jacquiw- 
attempted to raife it to the dignity of a new genus, and named 
K in honour of the above Botanift, Scopola; but Lin na us 

added it to the genus Hyoscyamus, with which, according 
to Gartner, its fruit perfectly correfponds. 

Notwithftanding thefe authorities, we are inclined to think, 
that the firft ideas of the near affinity of this plant with the 
Bella-Donna were perfeclly juft. The habit and form of the 
corolla are the fame in both; nor is there that difference in 
the fruit which at firft fight may appear fo {inking : if examined 
in an unripe ftate it is fimilar in both fpecies, being bilocular 
with a large flefhy central receptacle. The difference confifls 
in this, that as the fruit approaches maturity, the flefhy parts 
in the Bella- Donna become more fucculent and ripen into a 
daTk-coloured 'juicy berry; whilft in our plant thefe parts 
evaporate, and the fruit becomes a dry capfule inftead of a 
berry. Similar differences in the fruit of very nearly allied 
fpecies, in other genera, are not wanting. The calyx can 
hardly be properly faid to be inflated, being applied clofe to 
the tube of the corolla, and only becoming larger than the 
capfule from the fhrinking of the latter in ripening. 

The duration of this plant above ground is but fhort, for 
fpnnging up in April, it goes fpeedily into flower, ripens its 
feeds in June or early in July ; after which the ftems foon 
dry up, and the roots remain dormant in the earth till the 
following fpnng. It is a hardy perennial, and having creeping 
roots will eftabiifh itfelf in any fituation not too much 
expoled to the fun. 

Introduced in i 7 8o, by Mr. Samuel Gr.mwood. Com- 
muuicated by Mr. Loddiges. 

TUfyTOttif . r*Gm:Crtfemtt , 4ufjJ303 

[ 1127 ] 

fumaria cucullaria. two-spurred 

Ok/} <z«</ Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cat. 2-phyllus. Cor. ringens. Filamenta 2 membranacea, 
fingula antheris tribus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

FUMARIA Cuculiaria ; (bicalcarata) fcapo nudo, racemo fira- 
plici, calcaribus reftis divergentibus. Dryander 

FUMARIA Cuculiaria; acaulis, fcapo nudo, racemo fecundo, 
corollis bafi bicalcaratis. JVilld.Sp.PL 3 p. 857. 

FUMARIA Cuculiaria; fcapo nudo. Mant. 437. Sp.P! 983. 
Hart. Kew. 3. p. 1. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 1. 

FUMARIA Cuculiaria; radice bulbofa; fcapo nudo ; fpica flo- 
ribus majufculis, alternis, poftice bicornibus; fi- 
liqua lanceolata. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am. v. 2. 

FUMARIA tuberofa infipida. Com. Canad. 127 ? 
FUMARIA filiquofa, radice grumofa, flore bicorporeo ad 
labia conjunfclo, virginiana. Pluk. Aim. 162. /• 90. 

ir-ii f * RuuSuppl 475- 

<-APNORCH S americana. Boerh. Lugdb. x. p. 309. 
BICUCULLATA canadenfis, radice tuberofa fquamata. Mar- 
chant in Ad. Pan/. 1733. p. 280. /. 20. 

Descr. Root of feveral roundifh bulbs: the lower ones 
compreffed by lying clofe upon one another. Thefe bulbs are, 
according to M. March ant, very bitter and acrid, leaving a 
durable heat in the mouth. The whole plant partakes of this 
*crimony in a lower degree. Leaves all radical, triternate, 

glaucous ; 

glaucous: leaflets pinnatifid, with lobes irregularly incifed. 
Scape naked, rounded, bearing 2 — 6 white yellow-tipped 
flowers, looking to one fide in a fimple raceme. Pedicles 
one flowered, fhorter than corolU. Braeles fmall, lanceolate, 
coloured, one at the infertion of the pedicle in the fcape, and 
tvro oppofite near the calyx, of which they might in our draw- 
ing be taken for external leaflets, but in fome fpecimens they 
axe more diftant. Calyx of two heart-fhaped leaflets preffed 
clofe to the bafe of the corolla. Corolla bilabiate-like, with 
both lips fnnilar, equal, lengthened backwards into a fpur or 
ne&ary, and reflected at the mouth. [Standard and keel f] 
Between the lips are two fiddle-fhaped petals which embrace 
the ftigma and anthers [-wings ?\ Stamens 6 : filaments diftinft, 
three inferted into the lower edge of each lip. Ovary oblong- 
oval, one-celled : ovula round, mining : jlyle ereft, the length 
of the ovary : ftigma globofe. 

The remarkable ftrutture of the ffoVer in this fpecies, may 
feem to juitify thofe Botanifts who have confidered it as form- 
ing a genus diftinft from Fumaria. The difference however 
is not fo great as at firft fight appears, for the curtailing one 
of the fpur s and uniting the fix filaments into two would leave 
very little difference ; and it may be noted that there is fome- 
thing anomalous either in the flower or fruit of almoft every 
fpecies of Fumaria. Increafmg the parts of this flower 
would bring it near to Aquilegia ; which confirms the pro- 
priety of Jussiku's having placed the Ranunculace* and 
PapaVerace<e t as adjoining orders, in his fyftem. Cornuti's 
plant is always quoted as a fvnonym of this ; but from his 
figure, as well as becaufe he defcribes it to be free from acri- 
Hlo'ny, we fee no reafon to think they can be the fame. 
* The change in the fpecific charaaer was fuggefted to 
Mr. Dryander by a very nearly related fpecies, found by 
Mr. Archibald Menzies, on the weft, coaft of North- 
America, and preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, under 
the name of crubefcens, diftinguifhed from F. Cticullaria, " cal- 
" caribus incurvis." 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. Flowers in May. Pro- 
pagated ~bf feparating the bulbs. Lcmfs a fhady fituation and 
light fomewhat loamv foil. Native of Virginia and Canada. 
Cultivated by Phili? Miller in 1759. 

A?_m -, 

[ 1128 ] 

Embothrium Speciosissimum. 
The Waratah. 

» »»»*» »» » fr * » * * * * ** 

CWi <*»<* Or*fcr. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. 4-petala [fepe in unuin coalita]. 37a*. limbo inferta. 
Volliciilus polyipermus. Sem* alata. Smith. . 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

Embothrium jpedojiffimum ; foiiw obovaus obtuBs in- 

aequaliter ferratis, fpica [corymboj ub- 
capitata, involucre polyphyUo. Smith l\ov. 
Roll. 1. p. 19 L 7- w 

EMBOTHRIUM Jpeciojijfimitm. iViild. Sp. 1 U l. p. 537- 

the flower as conuRing of four petals may fometimes m.acad 
the ftudem'who is unacquainted with *c "atural order o 
/W, in which the petals are apt to cohere mor °f »el. 
firmly,- fo as frequently to make the corolla appea rtocrfo 
one petal only. In the prefent fpecies, in the living p ant he 
corolla is divided but a very finall djl ance from the x *«V 
except that at the back it is early fpht almoft ^ the bale by 
the ftrenath of the ftyle. Under other ^f X ^ C ^Z^ 
the petals may perhaps divide much farther down In the it ate 
it occurred tVus we fhould defcribe it as a monopet lous 
flower: tube 8-angled, burfting on one fide to admit of the 
egrefs of the ftyle § ; limb divkfed into four fegments bearing 
the anthers in a hollow formed near the point, « 

back foon after the efcape of the ftigma, which does not take 
place till the anthers have difcharged their pollen upon it 

The Waratah is allowed, both by the natives and the fettlew 
in New South- Wales, to be the moil fplcndid of all their 
vegetable productions ; and the former are laid alfo to find an 
agreeable repafi in fucking the tubular flowers, which abound 
with honey. 

Mr. Loddiges's and fome other collections contain this 
valuable and rare fhrub, but we have not heard that it has as yet 
flowered in any but in that of £mp. J. A. Woodford, E(q. 
at Springwell, in Kertfordfhire, where our drawing was taken 
in May laft. Propagated by layers, or by feeds imported frog) 
New Holland. 

^fan/ir,. fdr Pel 

C 1129 ] 

Allium Inodorum. Carolina Garlick. 

CAt/j tf»t/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler—Vid. No. 869. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM inodorum (radix bulbofa) foliis radicalibus, am- 
bientibus, recurvo-recumbentibus, angufto-loratis 
acuminatis, fubcarinatis ; fcapo fubtereti, nudo ; 
fpatha umbella rara laxa duplo breviore; co- 
rolla fubturbinatim campanulata, laciniis lanceo- 
lato-obovatis, obtufis, deorfum in tubum obconicurn 
breviter concretis ; ftaminibus complanato-lineari- 
bus, mucronato-acuminatis, tubo adnatis, corolla 
fubtertia parte brevioribus. G. 

ALLIUM inodorum. Mart. Mill. Dicl. Hort. Kew. 1. 427. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 76. 

ALLIUM mutabile : bulbo fubrotundo ; tunicis fibrillofis ; 
foliis fcapo cylindrico brevioribus, plano-canali- 
culatis, fuperne fubfetaceo-convolutis, flaccidis ; 
involucro brevi ; umbella multiflora, aut cum 
bulbillis paucitlora ; calycis exalbido-rofei laciniis 
ovali-lanceolatis; ftaminibus fimplicibus, Michaux 
Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. 195 ? 

BM roundifli tunicate ; leaves all radical, ambient, recurved- 
recumbent, narrow-lorate, fubchannelled-concave, fubcarinate, 
f ar convolute-attenuated upwards, about half an inch broad, 
fometimes higher at others, lower than the ftetn, which is round- 
ish, folid, upright; umbel lax, few- (6—12) flowered, fub- 
f altigiate, twice higher than the membranous acuminate bi- 
^Ived/pa/^/ corolla about half an inch long, whitifh, tur- 
bi nate-campanulate, Jegments grown together into an obconic 

brownifli green tuhe for nearly one-third of their length ; lamina 
obovate-lanceolate, obtufe, nearly equal, with brownifli purple 
longitudinal carinate ftreaks interfering them on the outfide, 
outer ones (lightly carinate and lefs obtufe than the inner ; fila- 
ments equal, flat, linear, fubplano-concave, mucronately pointed, 
adnate to the tube, nearly one-third fhorter than the corolla ; 
anthers fmall, upright, fixed by their bafe, at firft brown ; 
fiyle even with the ftamens, white, filiform-triquetral, ending in a 
bluntifh inconfpicuous fubpubefcent ftigmatofe apex ; germen 
of a cinereous green, (horter than ftyle, turbinate-oblong, ob- 
foletely trigonal, fix-flreaked, fomewhat uneven ; capfule tur-. 
binate oblong, obfoletely tripulvinate ; feeds comprefledly 
pyriform or aciniform, black, mining, few. 

Native of Carolina. Remarkable for being devoid of the 
well-known fcent fo ufual in the reft of this genus. We fufpect 
it to be the fame with the mntabile of Mich aux. 

Introduced about 1770, by the Dutchefs of Beaufort. 
Not very common in our collections, but hardy and of eafy 
culture; flowering in April and May. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Greville's, Paddington, 
The item was about a foot and half high. G. 


[ ii3° ] 
Iris Subbiflora. Purple Flag* 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— -Vid. N«- 787 & 986. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS fubbiflora (barbata ; fubuniflora ; rhizoma crajjum, car- 
nofum, repens i) foliis lato-enfatis, extimis falcatis; 
caule fafciculis fterilibus parum breviore, fimphci, fo- 
liolis vagis fubfpathaceis veftito ; corolla? tubo germen 
feflile cylindraceum fexftriatum fubaequante j (cttens 
germanicae fupra No. 670J G. 

IRIS fubbiflora. Brotero Flor. Lufit. I. 50. 

IRIS latifolia major xxii. Cluf. Hijt. 222. Tc. 

IRIS biflora. Ger. Herb. Emac. 53. /. 5. Nee Linnaei. 

IRIS biflora lufuanica. Lob. Jc. tab. 68./. 2. 

LIRIO r6xo. Luf tarn's. 

A plant entirely diftinS from the biflora of Linnaus, the 
Specimen of which (as depofited by him in Clifford's H er o a - 
numjisnowin the poffeflion of Sir Joseph Banks. That has 
feveral flowers, with the tube of the corolla feveral times 
longer than the germen, and is altogether a far fmaller plant, 
approaching very near to putnila ; of which perhaps it is a mere 
variety ; and moft likely not a native of Portugal From ger- 
manica our fpecies differs on the other hand, in being fmaller, 
in the black-red colour of the corolla, in fragrance in having 
afimple and generally one-flowered ftem inftead of one with 
branches and feveral flowers ; as alfo in having a cylindrical, 
and not a trigonal germen ; the leaves are alfo of a yellower 
fcue. The ftem is from half to a foot high. 

Grows in chalky fpots near Lifbon. Sir T ™"" £^» WW 
kind enough to permit us to examine a part <***£""£ 
Where we found Specimen of it, gathered near the above cuy I y 

himfelf. It very rarely has two flowers ; and not one plant in 
fix hundred, according to Brotero, has three. 

Our prefent fpecimen had been cultivated in the fame 
garden for fourteen or fifteen years, and there it was never 
feen in bloom before laft May. 

Subbifera would have been a more appropriate fpecific 
name than fubbifiora § the circumftance of the fame root fome- 
times throwing up flowering-items, at different feafons of the 
year (fpring and autumn) being what was intended to be ex- 
preffed by it. By the Portuguefe it is called the Red Iris. 
The corolla is very like to, but fmaller than that of germanica. 
It is by far the moft fragrant of the genus known to us. Is 
faid to vary with pale fulphur-coloured flowers. 

Seems to have been known to the older Botanifts ; but 
we never met with it in bloom till now. G, 

[ 1J 3! ] 

Iris Spuria (S) Halophila. Smaller 
Sulphur-Coloured Bastard Flag. 
' » » » M »♦ ♦ » » »»»»» »♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character.— Vid. N os - 787 & 986. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IRIS Jpuria (imberbis ; Jubtrifiora ; rbizoma carnofum, repens ;) 
foliis lorato-enfatis, duriufculis, nervofis caulem flexu- 
ofum fubfuperantibus ; fpatha lanceolata, inflatiufcula ; 
corollse laciniis extimis fpathulatis, reaiffime atque ho- 
rizontaliter patentibus cum unguibus laminis rotundato- 
ovatis recurvatis duplo longioribus ; intimis clavato- 
oblongis, brevioribus, divergenter ereBis ; germine 
pyramidatim ovato, alato-hexagono, pedicellato, tubo 
pluries longiore. G. 

f* major) major; corolla caerulefcente. G. 

IRIS^am. Linn. Syjl. Veg. 93. Tbunb. Biff. it. 32. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 72. Jacq. Flor. Aujlr. 6. tab. 4. Desf. Flor. 
Atl. 1. 38. Lam. et Decand. Fl. Franc. 3. 239. Willd. 
Sp. PL 1. 237. VahlEnum. 2. 140- Georgi Bejcbr. 
Ruff. Reich/, v. 4. />. 3. 670. ed. 1800. 

JRIS* halophila. Nobis ; fupra No. 875. 

IR IS Jpathulata. Lam. Dicl. 3. 300. 

*RIS maritima. Lam. FL Franc. 3. 497. 

IRIS defertorum. Pallas in Herb, penes D. Lambert. Exempl. 
h or ten fa. 

J RIS anguftifolia I. Cluf. llift. 228. cum Ic. 

J RIS fylveftris maritima narbonenlis. Lob. Ic. t. 68. 

J RIS foliis anguftis prima Clufii. Hort. Eyff CEji. Ord. 3, 

J RIS anguftifolia major caerulea. Park Par. t t$ 5 . 
(3 minor) minor ; corolla caeruleo-violacea. Cx. 
l RlSfpuria. Curtis ; fupra No. 58. 
IRIS anguftifolia purpurea marina. P^. Par. 184^ 
(y ochroleuca) major; corolla 

Tbunb. Diff n. 22. Hort. ***-££ *"»j f * * 
301. TV™. £*"/. **- 100. 0W- ty- «» *< 2 33- 
Vahl Enum. 2* 141- IRIS 

IRIS orient ali s. Mill. Dicl. ed. 8. 
IRIS tripolitana. Cluf. Hi/I. 227. * 
IRIS angufttfolia tripolitana. Park. Par. tab. 185. 
(S halophila) minor; corolla ochroleuca. G. Supra No. 1131. 
IRIS halophila. Pall. Raj. Rujf. Reich. 3. App. 63. tab. B. 
f. 2. Hort. Keit: 1. 72. ll'illd. Sp. PL 1. 233. Vabl 

Enum. 2. 141. (halophylla.) Gcorg. BeJ'chr. Ruff, Retch. 

v. 4. p. 3. 671. 
IRIS Ja^Ja. Pall. 1. c. p. 2. lib. 2. 461. 
IRIS Guide ffftadtii. Lepecb. Aft. Par op. 1781. 1. 192. tab.%. 

Georgi I. e. 670. 
(i dejertortim) corollas laciniis intimis caerulefcentibus, extimis 

lutefcentibus. G. 
IRIS dejertorum. Gulden/}. Fior. CaucqJ. ined. apud Georgi I e. 


Although ochroleuca, halophila, and fpuria, have maintained 
themfelves till now in the rank of diftinct fpecies, yet after a 
fcrupulous examination of a multitude of fpontaneous, as well 
as garden, fpecimens, we cannot detect the flighted character 
that can be adduced to difcriminate them in any other way 
than as varieties of each other; as which we have enumerated 
them above. 

The leaves are fometimes about equal with the ftem, at others 
far higher; thofe of the fulphur-coloured varieties are paler 
than thofe of the blue ones ; all, when bruifed, emit the fame 
difagreeable fcent, as is perceived in our Common Stinking 
Gladwyn,. but in a lefs degree ; /lent flexuoie and fheathed all 
the way by fpathaceous leaflets ; from one to five feet high ; 
the tube of the corolla is about the third-part of an inch long, 
hexagonally cyathiform, melliferous ; the ungues of the outer 
fegments are remarkably ftraight and extended horizontally at 
right angles with the tube, they are lanceolate, concave, and 
interfered lengthwife by a flefhy ridge on the inner furface; 
ihefigmas are archwife incumbent and about the length of the 
ungifcs of the inner fegments ; cuter lip cmarginate. 

Native of the South of France, Auftria, the Coaft of Bi- 
nary, the Levant, and the fandy defarts of the oriental pro- 
vinces of Ruffia. We are indebted for the prefent fpecimen 
(the halophila of Pallas) to Mr. Donn, Curator of the 
Botanic Garden, Cambridge ; as alfo for another Ruffian variety 
which had a branch and fmaller paler flowers. They are all 
hardy, and bloom from May to July : flower fcentlefs. G. 

■■7w for « IRIS HALOPHILA" read « IRIS SPURIA {.) M$n m . 


[ "32 ] 

Aphyllanthes Monspeliensis. Rush- 
Stalked Lily-Pink, 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Fafciculus 1 — 3 florus iquamis 2 — 3 glumofis convoluto- 
conduplicantibus ductus ; CaL fcariofo-membranacea, tubulofa, 
limbo quinquepartito confle&enter erefto tubo plui ies longiore ; 
Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, fubhypocrateriformis, aequalis, 
laciniaruni unguibus cylindraceo-coar&atis, limbo patentiffimo ; 
Fit. fetaceo filifbrmia, unguibus adnata; Stylus triquetro- et 
fubclavato-filif'ormis ; Stigm. 3, recurvatim divergentia. G. 

Obs. Herba perennis, cafpitofa ; radice fibrofa, Jubrepente ; fcapi 
plures juncei, fubpedales, aphylli, Jinguli deorjum vagina brevi radicali con- 
volutd cin£li ; fquamarum floralium extima longior arijiata ; calycis lact- 
niis aqualibus lanceolatis ; corolla carrulea rarijffime alba, lacin'us fpathu- 
latis, laminis obsvatis unguium ferme longitudine ; filamenta lacmiis Jub 
tertia parte brevisra, alterna longisra ; anth. avato-oblonga breves ; ftylus 
erecltis, filament is quibus craffior altitudine Jubeequalis ; ftigmata ex lobatim 
eomplicatis canaliculatim dehifcentia, or a erofula vel Jubpubejcenter fimbriatd / 
gei men pa rvulum, virens, trigtno-turbinatum, Jiylo pluries brevius ; capf. 
trilocularis, turbinata, triangularis fern, ovata. G. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

APHYLLANTHES monfpelienfis. Linn. Sp. PL 422. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2- 63. Desfont. Fl. At!. 1. 285. 

Brotero FL Lufit. 1.554- Lam. et Decand. 

FL Franc. 3. 170. D'AJfo. FL Arr. 42. 
APHYLLANTHES juncea. Parad. Lond. tab. 9. 
APHYLLANTHES. Hort. Clzf. 493. Sauv. Monfp. 8. Lam. 

Itiufir. tab. 252. Tonrn. Inft. 6*57. 430. 
A. monfpelienfium. VilL Dauph. 2. 244. Lob. h. 454. Adv. 

190. tab. 538. 
A. monfpelienfibus. J. Bauh. Bifi. 3. 335. mANTHUS 

DIANTHUS prolifer. Forjk. Flor. Mgypt-Arab. xxv. uti patet 
ex proprio fuo fpecimine Herb. Bankf. 
conlervato. G. 

CARYOPHYLLUS caeruleus monfpelienfium. Bauh.Pin.zoy* 

NONFEUILLEE. Lam. Ditl. Encyc. 

Found on the coaft of Barbary, the mores in the vicinity of 
the Dardanelles, in Portugal and the South of France. Not 
enumerated in the Hortus Kewevfis. The bloom has no fcent; 
before this appears the whole plant bears a very ltriking re- 
femblance to the Scirpus multicaulis of Dr. Smith. By fome 
it has been compared toDiANTHus prolifer. In Provence it is 
known by the appellation of Bragalou. 

Flowers in June ; here fhould be planted in a warm 
fliehered fituation in the open ground. According to Donn's 
Hortus Cantabrigienfts, introduced in 1791. The drawing was 
made from a plant in Mr. Greville's garden at Paddington; 
where the colle&ion is no lefs valuable from the rare and 
curious plants it contains, than from the liberality with which 
it is rendered fubfervient to fcience by the poffeilor. G. 

C "33 ] 

Cyrtanthus Obliquus. Oblique-Leaved 

C/<//} and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 271. 

O b s Vi x A m A R Y L L I D E vel C R r n o d'ifcriminandus ntfi corolla lacinXs 
longmquim in tubum connatis ; wide limbus plurimum vel modo et pluries bre- 
vur. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

vYRTANTHUS obliquus (umlella midtifiora) foliis pluribus 
loratis, obtufatis, obliquatis, diftichis, paginis 
oppofitis; pedicellis retroflexis ; corolla 
cernua infundibuliformi-tubulofa ; limbi 
laciniis reftis apice inflexulis, tubo triplo vel 
ultra brevioribus. G. 

CVRTANTHUS obliquus. Hart. Km. 1. 414. Jacq. Hort. 
Schoenb. 1. 39. tab, j$. Bot. Rep. tab. 265. 
Mart. Mill. Din. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 49. 

CRINUM obliquum. Linn. Suppl. 195. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 319. 
Tbunb. cap. 59. 

AMARYLLIS Umbrella. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. 15. 

Bulb tunicate ; leaves fcvcral, coriaceous, lorate, obliquely 
wilted, blunt, diftich, with their flat furfaces oppofed, glaucous, 
upright, diverging, about a foot and a half high, two inches broad ; 
J c ape central, upright, round, (lightly comprefl'ed, from one to 
Wo feet or more high; y^j/^bivalved; u *nbet many-flowered j 
pedicles recurvedly reflcxed, intermixed with membranous 
Yc !p es * Gorier than corolla^ which is cernuous, funnelform 
l ubul arj fomewhat flefhy and firm, of a yellowifh colour varie- 
gated with orange-red and green, about three inches long, 
Outwards hexagonally furrowed; limb three times or more (horter 
1 1an tn e tube with its faux; fegments obovate-elliptical, rounded, 


pearly equal, upright, at top fomewhat incurved ; alternate ones 
rather narrower and obloletely mucronate ; germen green, 
oblong, fubtriangular, fhorter than peduncle ; ftamens of one 
length reaching to the bafe of the fegments, for about halfway 
decurrently adnate to the tube; anthers oval -oblong, perpen- 
dicular ; fiyle rather longer than ftamens, triquetral-filiform, 
ending in an inconfpicuous fubpubefcently capitellatey%OTtf. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; whence it was importe4 
by the late Mr. Masson in 1774. Blooms in May and June; 
has no fcent. Our drawing was made from a plant in the 
collection of Mr. Woodford. G. 


No. 1096, /. 9, pro " viridis" lege " viridis" 

■ l - 25, for" Walker read " Walter.** 

No. 1131, /. 2, pro *' Halophila lege M halophilaC 
— - /. 30, pro «« CEfi." lege " Jfyh" 



C **34 ] 

Ornithogalum Lacteum. Milk-White 
Star of Bethlehem. 

##$# ##$ ft ♦ fr fr » $ $ $ $ $ $ fr 

C&$# </»</ Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. — Vid. N° s - 653, f/ 746. Ob s. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM laSZeum foliis pluribus (fubdenis), loratis, 
planis, firmis, tenuiflime, ciliatis, fcapo 
brevioribus, recurvatis ; racemo con- 
ferto, cylindracee elongaro ; brafteis 
pedicellis ere&iufculis brevioribus ; 
corolla flellatim patente ; laciniis obo- 
vato-oblongis obtufis j filarnentis iftis 
duplo brevioribus, compreffo-fubulatis, 
akernis deorfum membranaceo-dilatatis, 
bidentatis ; ftylo filiformi-triquetro ger- 
men pyramidatim ovatum obtufo-trigo- 
num fubtrifulcum adeequante ; ftigmate 
inconfpicuo, pubefcentercapitellato. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM lacleum. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 434. 
Bot. Rep. tab. 274. fVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 

Bulb tunicate ; /(fmwaboutten.ofapalifh green, ambient, outer 
ones recumbent, about fix inches long, linear-lorate, flat, flefhy, 
ftiffifh, edged with a minutely ciliate membrane, feveral times 
Sorter than the /cape ,• which is nearly three feet high, upright, 
cylindrical; raceme fometimes a foot long, thickfet, cylindrically 
elongated when the whole is in bloom, before this pyramidal ; pe- 
Aides about the length of the diameter of the corolla, diverging but 
Jjttle ; bracle s membranous, convolute,acuminate, general ly much 
Sorter than thefe ; corolla of a pure white, ftellately explanate ; 


Segments obovate-oblong, nearly equal, or the outer ones fome- 
what broader ; filaments twice fhorter than tbefe, divergent, 
compreffed-fubulate, nearly equal, thofe oppofite the inner 
fegments membranoufly dilated at their bafe with a toothlike 
appendage on each fide ; anthers pale yellow, linear-oblong, 
incumbent, balancing, locnhiments parting at each end ; pijttl 
about equal to the fiamens ; germen of a yellowifh green, ovate, 
tapering, obtufely trigonal, obfoletely trifulcate ; ftyle about the 
length of this, triquetral-hliform, ending in an inconfpicuous 
fubpubefcent fubcapitellately enhrgcd Jtigma ,- capfule oblong, 
tapered, triquetral, obtufe, trifulcate, angles obtufe, the length 
of the fegments ,- feeds many, angular, oblong, black. The 
bloom has no fcent. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Our drawing was made 
from a plant, that bloomed this fummer, at Mr. Salisbury's 
Botanic Garden, Brompton. G<, 

[ "35 1 

Tulipa Gesneriana. Garden Tulip, 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦# fri j t y $ fr i fr ♦ ■ % $+ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafler.—^Vid. No. 717. 


Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TULIPA gefneriana funifora; bulbus prolan lateraliter evoU 
vens ;) foliis trinis ovato-Ianceolatis, fubconvolutis ; 
fcapo glabro : corolla erefta, lato-campanulata, 
laciniis obtufatis ; filamentis asqualibus, glabris, ger- 
mine prifmatico-columnari duplo brevioribus, an- 
theras adaequamibus; capitello iligmatofo continue, 
trifariam trilobo, lobis criftatim adnatis, revolutim 
decurrentibus, canaliculars. G. 

TULIPA gefneriana. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 438. Hort. Kew. 

I. 435. Brot. FL Lufit. 1. 520. (in hortis) Desf. FL 
All. 1. 293 (in hortis.) Sowerby FL Lux. Tab. 5, 6, 

II, 17. IV did. Sp. Pi. 1. 97. 

TULIPA. Cluf. Hifi. 137— 148; pailim. Park. Par. 45— 65; 
paffim. Szvert. Floril. 8, 9, io,- paffim. Hort.Evjl. Ord. 
4. Vern. paffim. Tottrn. Inf. 373 ; paffim. Beckman 
beyir. %ur gefch. der Erfind. 1. 223. 2. 548. 

1ULIPA turcarum. Gefn. in Cordt Hf. 213. 

This well-known and popular ornament of our gardens, is a 
native of certain diftricls oi: the Turkifh dominions, and ap- 
pears to have been firft brought from Conftantinople to Vienna, 
about the middle of the fixteenth century; from thence it has 
found its way over the reft of Europe. An account of the 
famous Tulipomania, which, about the middle of the feventeenth 
century, feized nearly the whole of the Low-Countries, may 
5 e feen in the above-quoted work of Brckman ; where we find 
that this plant gave rife to a fyftem of flock-jobbing and fpe- 
Culation, nearly equal in extent, and fimilar in confequences, 
to that produced by the well-known South-Sea delufion in our 
°*n country. Wi'th this infatuation, however, we muft not 
ponfound the value fet upon the plant by the Florift, by whom 
* [ has been cultivated for his amufement, and on account of its 
beauty ; this feems to have maintained the ufual level, and 


never to have rifen to a pitch beyond that which other favourite 
and ornamental fpecies have attained. The mode of "breeding" 
and treating this flower, io as to have new varieties, may be 
learned in "M add ox's Florift's Directory" and other books on 
gnrdening. We have never feen a native fpontaneous lpecimen. 
Our drawing was taken at Curtis and Milliken's, Florilts, 
Walworth. G. 


Nb.j1j.L2. Por "Tulipa Breyniana. Cape Tulip." 
read " Tulipa Celsiana. Cels's Tulip." 

/. 16. Pro "Tulipa breyniana' lege "Tulipa cel- 

fiana." Sub b<ec in/ere " (bulbus prolan per- 
prndiiularitet detniltens.Y* 

— /. 17. " 2 — 6-floro" lege " 1 — 2-floro." 

In eodem funt tollenda fynomma omnia ; qua infra in No. 767, 
M'.lanthio unifloro apponenda ; praier folum id i Breynii 
Centuriis allegation, in neutram quudrans. Horum vice Jubjliiue 
qu<£ infra cxponimu.- ; 

TULIPA celjiana. Lil. a Redout e. tab 38. 

TULIPA minor lutca £$$er. Fl Ejpan. v. 6. 432? 

T. hifpanica rubra — rubra appenninea fimilis. Guf. Hift. 151* 

T. hifpanica narbonenfi paulo minor. Bauh. Hift. 2- 678 7 

No. 717. /. 28, 29, For " Stem 2— 6-Howered, upper ones 2 
or 3 and femetimes feffile, when" read " Stem 
1 — 2-fiowered ;" 

In the firft edition of his Species Plan/arum, Linnaeus had 
taken up the Tulipa breyniana as a fpecies, merely from the 
Centuria of Breynius. W T hen afterwards a fpecimen 01 
the Melanthium unijlorum of \'o. 767 of this work fell in 
his way; fancying it to be the fame; in the fecond edition 01 
hi. work he inferted a i.efcription, with a fpecific character 
adapted to that vegetable, adding Breynius's figure as a 
fynonym. But, upon a critii a! examination, it will be clearly 
perceived that thefe plains are not only fpecifically, but 
even generically diftinct from each other ; although, fr° m 
the badnefs of the plate and defcription, it may be difficult 
to fay precifely what plant Breynius had in view. P r0 " 
bably an Hypoxis! Thus, in the fecond edition, a netf 
fpecies is eftablifhed, and one that belongs to MelaN- 
thiwm, not to Tulipa ; to which iaft, the plant that we, m 

No. 7*7' 

No. 717, have miftaken for T ulip a breyniana, certainly be- 
longs ; if thefe genera are to continue diftinCt. Nor is T. ceU 
fiana a native of the Cape of Good Hope, but moft probably of 
the South of Europe, or the Levant. Comes very near to 
Tulip a hi flora ; but has three leaves inftead of two, and gene- 
rally only one flower inftead of two or three in a fort of umbel ; 
which in the ceifiana alfo differ in colour. G. 


In No. 767 Hits qua Melanthio Unifloro jam adpoflta 

flint fnonyma fubjunge infequentia ; 

TULIPA breyniana. Linn. S p. PL ed. 2. (nee primx) v. 1. 438. 
Pink, tab, 414. Burm. Prod. FL cap. 9. Thanh. 
Prod. 65. Hon. Kew. 1. 435. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 
198; exclufis paffim fynonymis Breynii et RudbeckiL 

This is the real Tulip a breyniana of the fecond edition of 
the Species P!antarum t and of all fubfequent books; but being 
a Melanthium, and not Breynius's plant, as Linn/Eus 
judged, Jacquin's names fhould be retained; although in 
fatl it is hardly ever one-flowered. Breymanus may be re- 
ferved for the fpecific name of the plant of the firft edition of 
the Species Plant arum, whenever that may be difcovered. G. 


[ "36 3 

Browallia Demissa. Spreading 


$$ $ 1< ^N» ^$4t$4t $HMH|i $• 

C/tf/> <3tf</ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-dentatiis. Cor. limbus 5-fidus, aequalis, patens: um- 
bilico clauio antbtris 2 majoribus. Cap/. 1-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

BROWALLIA iemiffa ; pedunculis omnibus folitariis axil- 

BROWALLIA derm/fa. Willi. Sp. PI v. 3. p. 339. Hort. 

Cliff. 318. /. 17. Hort. Up/. 179. Knipb. Cent. 

8. n. 17. Sabb. Hort. Rom. 2. /. lOO. Mart. 

Mill. Diff. Hort. Kew. 2. 358. Meerburg 

Icon. 15. Gart. Sem. 1. p. 246. r. 53. 
DALE A. i\&//*/. JV*# ». 452. 

Mr. Philip Miller received feeds of this plant, gathered 
in the neighbourhood of Panama, from Mr. Robert Millar, 
and propagated it in the Phyfic-Garden at Chelfea, in 1735. 
He gave a fpecimen of it to the Royal Society, under the 
name of Da lea ; but Linn^us, to whom he communicated 
feeds, named it Browallia, in his Hort us ClifTbrtianus, in 
commemoration of J. Browallius, Bifhop ofAboa, who 
bad defended the fexual fyftem againft Siegesbeck. 

There are only two known fpecies of this genus. The other 
is figured at No. 34 of this work, and has been for feveral 
years common in our gardens; but this fpecies though firft 
introduced, we believe, has been long entirely loft in this 
country. Our plant was raifed in the garden of Mr. Vw, 
from feeds received from Prof. Willdenow. 


Both fpecies are at firft very much alike ; nor does there 
appear to be that difference in their growth which the fpecific 
names would lead us to fufpeft. In general the prefent plant 
is rather more fpieading, and the lower branches are more 
reclined, It has larger flowers, but far lei's brilliant, beino- 
of a paler violet colour, with a larger eye in the centre ; the 
tube of the corolla is fhorter in proportion to the calyx and of 
an herbaceous colour ; the peduncles are all folitary in the 
axils of the leaves, whereas in data, the terminal flowers grow 
in a fort of corymb without leaves : this difference is, however, 
more remarkable when the plants are in feed than whilft in 
bloffom. The whole plant, but efpecially towards the upper 
part, is more hairy in dcmijfa, and the leaves mote rounded at 
the bafe, frequently even cordate. The feeds in the latter are 
alio of a paler brown colour, and the fruit, which varies much 
in fize, generally larger. 

We were favoured with both fpecies, that we might have 
the better opportunity of comparing them at different ft ages of 
their growth, by Mr. Anderson, Botanic Gardener to James 
Vere, Efq. who'e collection he manages with (uperior fkill 
and more f'cientific knowledge than is often met with. 

Flowers in July, Auguft, and September, at the fame time 
with B. elata y and requires a fimilar treatment. 

Although both the Browallias have been before figured, yet 
none of the reprefentations are fufficiently charaaeriftical. 

.. . 

7*,;, f,vT <■■„.■ , , ..„/■ JrrJ If. 

[ "37 3 

Goodenia Tenella. Dichotomous 


♦^HftMHI* % % ft ♦ ♦ $ # i % fy 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler, — Vui. No. 890, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GOODENIA tenella ; foliis radicalibus fpathulatis fubdentatis 
pubefcentibus, caulibus alfurgentibus dicho- 
tomis, floribus folitariis pedunculatis, capfulis 
fuperis quadrivalvibus. 

GOODENIA tenella. Boh Repof. h 466. 

VELLEIA trinervis. Labill. Nov, Holt. 54. /. 77. Dryand. 
Chloris Nov. Hoi/, in Annals of Boh v. 2. p. 5 1 5. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, fpathular-fhaped, flefhy, veined 
underneath. Stems feveral bending towards the earth, then 
"ting erecl:, dichotomous. At each divifion of the ftem are a 
pair of oblique leaflike bracles, both growing from one fide. 
Flowers folitary on long peduncles, golden yellow with a dark 
purple eye. Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed, teeth fubulate, 
unequal, one being confiderably larger and longer than the 
f eft. Corolla one-petaled, tubular : tube fhorter than limb, 
hairy at the mouth, fplit nearly to the bafe : limb 5-cleft, lacinia 
nearly equal, fubbilabiately arranged, obovate, thickened on 
the under furface by a green elliptical band, fomewhat undulate 
at the margin. Stamens 5 : filaments fhorter than the tube, 
united at the bafe into a membrane furrounding the germen : 
anthers oblong, erect Germen fuperior, gibbous-top-fhaped, 
(one-celled ?) : Jlyle fubdeclined ; fligma cupfhaped, hairy on the 
ir >fide, open at firft, but afterwards doled and flattened. Ovula 

numerous, lenticular. 


In habit, this fpecies exactly correfponds with Dr. Smith's 
Vellf.ia, to which genus Labillardierf. has referred it. 
But the calyx of Dr. Smith's Velleia conhfts of three large 
leaflets, whereas in this the calyx diners from that of the other 
Goodenias in nothing but in not being adnate to the germen, 
a circumftance, which fometimes takes place in other initances, 
hi the natural order of Campanulaceae. Except in this point, 
and in the feptum of the capfule being fhorter, every part of 
the flower and fruit approaches fo near Goon en i a grandiflora^ 
in which alio the capfule fplits into four parts at the point, 
that we can find no line of generic dtftinction. We have 
therefore thought it beft to arrange it with the Goodenias, till 
we have the fatisfaction of feeing Mr, Brown's Flora of New- 
Holland, in which work all thefe difficulties will doubtlefs be 
cleared up and the genera definitively fettled, which could 
hardly be done by any Botanift that has not had the opportunity 
of ftudying the plants of that country in their native foil. It 
is to this excellent Botanift that we owe the introduction of 
the prefent plant, being fiift raifed in Kew Garden, from feeds 
gathered by him in New-Holland in 1802. Communicated 
to us by Meflrs. Napier and Chandler, Nurferymen, at 
Vaijxhall, in May 1806. 

Propagated by feeds, which unfortunately it does not appear 
to produce freely in this climate. We fufpecl it to be an 
annual, and as fuch, we were led to confider the Goodenia 
grandifiora, from its flowering and ripening its feeds in the 
fame year that it was fown ; but longer experience has con- 
vinced us that it is nevertheless perennial. 



C 1138 ] 

Cercis Siliquastrum. Common Judas- 

Cta/} j#^ Order, 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-dentatus, inferne gibbus. Cor. papilionacea : vexillo 
tub alis brevi. Legumen comprefib-planum, i-loculare, evalve. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms. 

CERCIS SHiquaftnim ; foliis orbicularis cordatis. Sp. PL 533. 

Willd. 1. Sp. 2. 506. Ejufdem Arb. 58. Hort. Kew. 

2.47. Hort. Cliff. 156. Hort. Upf. 99. Gron. Orient. 

131. Medicus in Qbf. Soc. CEcon. Luirenf. p. a. 

1774. />. 167. i>r<?/. Fl. Lufit. 2. p. 69. Schmidt 

Arb. 1. />. 21. /. 20. <?/>/. G<*r/. <SVw. 2. p. 2O3. /. 
^144. /. 3. Mzr/. M/V/. D/V?. 
SILIQUASTRUM. Tournef. In/}. 646. /. 414. Rivin. Pent. 

116. Af/7/. /#«. 253. Caji. Dur. 415. .^/«t FL 

Efpan. v. 6. />. 296. 
SILIQUA fylveltris rotundi folia. Bauh. Pin. 402. 
SILIQUA fylveftris, five arbor judse. Clnf. Hifp. 42. MS* 

H//?. 13. Cam. Ep it. 14.0. cum fig. Gefneri. /y«/*/. 

Hfr^. 76. 
ARBOR JUD^. £W. P«w/>/. 786. 2>£. Aw. 2. 195. -4A. 

441. £</. Germ. 2. 226. i?j«£. 77//?. 1. 443. quoad 

Mefcriptionem, fed icon eft alius plantar. Tabern. 

Hijl. IM31. Fhrt.Eyft. Ord. Vern. Frut. Park. Herb. 

1554. Gerard 1240. cum fig. Tabern. Ger. Emac. 

1428. cum fig. Dodonaei. 
ACACIA. Matth. Epit. 87. Spinis aftute additis. 

There are more original figures of this tree among the 
°lder Botanifts, than ufually occur. For the mod part their 


wooden cuts are copied from one another, and: not un frequent Jr, 
to illuftrate the works oi different authors, the fame blocks 
were ufed indifcriminately, where the fame bookfellers were 
employed, fo that it would often he a very difficult tafk to 
find out to whom the original drawings belonged. There are 
no lefs than fix different wooden cuts of this tree, without 
reckoning the one of Castor Durante, which is in fact 
copied from Lobel, with the addition of the figure of Judas 
fufpended from one of the branches, thus announcing the 
origin of its name of Arbor Judae, from the popular tradition, 
that it was on this tree that the traitor fought to rid himfelf 
of the remorfe his crimes had occafioned. Of thefe figures, 
that of Dodon^us, though far from being the beft, has been 
the moft frequently copied. 

In its wild ftate, Ci.usius informs us that it is ufually ken 
as a (hrub, but by cultivation readily aflumes the form of a 
tree; and it may certainly be reckoned amongft: the moft orna- 
mental, growing in a compact form, with elegant and uncom- 
mon foliage, which is very little fubje£l to be defaced by 
infects. In the fpring its bright crimfon flowers, with which 
the ilems of the branches are fometimes almoft covered, area 
very pleafing object, and are faid, from their fweetifh acid 
tafte, to make an agreeable addition to falads at that feafon. 
The wood is hard, beautifully veined, and takes a high polifli. 
In fome fituations and in favourable feafons the flowers are 
fucceeded by long flat pods of a reddifh colour. With us, 
however, the flowers more ufually drop off. without being 
fucceeded by any fruit; which Miller attributes efpecially to 
the birds pecking them to pieces for the fake of the honey 
they contain. 

Contrary to what generally takes place in the papilionaceous 
corolla, the alae are larger than the other petals and ftand 
above the vexillum. 

Varies with white and pale flowers, but thefe varieties are 
far lefs defirable than the one here figured. 

Native of the South of France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal. 
Bloflbms with us early in May, in the open ground ; at which 
time our drawing was made in the Botanic Garden at Bromp- 
ton. Propagated by feeds, many of which will He till the 
fecond year in the ground before they germinate. Culti- 
vated by Gerard in 1596. 


C "39 ] 
Erica Resinosa. Varnished Heath. 


Oafs and Order. 
Oct a ndria Mo n ogynma. 

Generic Chardcler. — Fid. No. 9G6. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ERICA rejimfa; antheris cridatis inclufis, corollis globofo- 
conicis cernuis Iateralibus fubternis, foliis quaternis 
accrofis fcabriufculis. 

ERICA Vernix Hortulanis. 

Df.scr. Stem branched. Leaves crowded clofe, growing 
by fours, awlfhaped, on footftalks a quarter the length of the 
leaf, flowers lateral, growing generally by threes and lub- 
verticillate, cernuous. Peduncles nearly the length of the 
corolla, furniflied with three or four narrow lanceolate bra&es. 
Calyx of four yellowifli, ovate-acuminate leaflets, thickened to- 
wards the point, but fharp and grooved at the back, and may, not 
unaptly, be compared to the beak of a bird. Corolla inflated: 
tube nearly globular, but contracting gradually towards the mouth, 
of a deep orange colour, highly varnifhed-; limb confiding of five 
latinise, oblong, rounded, overlapping one another, of a deep 
green colour, which extends a little below the limb. Stamens 
enefbfed : filaments curved at both ends, inferted on the under 
fide of the glandular fubftance on which the germen reds, 
connivent at top: anthers nearly triangular, pores oblong, 
extending from near the middle to the point, cridatcd, or, as 
Mr. Salisbury more correctly fpeaks, fpurs auriculatcd. 
But in this inftance thefe appendices appear to be real precedes 
of the anther, ^nd not, as we have frequently found them and 
as this author dates them always to be, parts of the filament : 
Germen globularly four-Iobed, lobes furrowed : Style erc8 f 
tapering : Stigma enclofed, obtufe, black-purple. 

Tliis Heath having foliage of a full green and very thick 
fet, and flowers of a mining colour) not to be well imitated by 
art] with deep green tips, makes a ftriking and beautiful 

We believe it to be an entirely new fpecies, except the 
Erica ardens of Andrews be a variety of the fame. It is 
one of the very extenfive collection belonging to Meffrs. Lee 
and Kennedy, at Hammeri'mith, where it is known by the 
appellation of Erica Vernix. But as this word cannot be 
properly ufed as an adjective, and vernicijlua has been already 
applied by Mr. Salisbury to another fpecies, we have thought 
it neceffary to give a different fpecific name. For although 
Rhus Vernix is ufed by LinNjEos, yet this is a mere tranfla- 
tion of its vulgar name, the Varnifh-Tree ; fo Rhus Sumach, 
becaufe that fpecies had been before called Sumach ; but it is 
in fuch cafes only that the ufe of a fubftantive for a fpecific 
name is admiffible. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope ; flowers from May to 
Auguft. Requires the fame treatment as other Cape Heaths. 



C **& .1 

ScilL a Hyacinthoides. Hyacinth Squil. 
■#■ *$ * #$ (MhI fr*» * 4 *» #ifHft * -^ 

C/a/; #»i Order* 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char aft eY.—Vid. N os ' 919 &: 918. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SCILL A hyacinthoides ; (flares parvuli difco hw'rzontem refpi- 
cienle) g f'oliis plurimis (fubduodcnis), oblongis, 
acuminatis, ambientibus, erecliufculis ; racemo 
muhifloro, difFufo, remotiufculo, cylindraceo- 
producto; pediceliisattenuads, aflbrgenter-divaricatis 
flores plurie.s excedentibus ; brafteis minutis folita- 
riis, tuberculiformibus, acuminatis, decurrentibus; 
corolla hexspetalo-partita, ftellato-patente ; laciniis 
lancedlato-oblongis.eequalibus; filamemis compreffb- 
fubulatis, iftas adaequantibus ; ftylo craffiore fiii- 
fonni flexuofo germine turbinato-globofo duplo 
longiore, in apicem ftigmatofam obtufulam gjandu- 
lofo-puberulam finiente. G. 

SCILLA hyaanthoid's. Linn. Snppl. 201. Syjl. Veg. Murr.^ig. • 
Gouan lllnftr. et Ob/. 26. Hort. Ketv. \. 445. Mart. 
Mill. DifJ. Wilid. Sp. PL 2. 130. Link et Hoffm. 
in ScilL apud Ann. of Bat. 1. 105. Brat. Fl. Lvfit, 
1. 528. 

ORNITHOGALUM eriophorum oriemale. fourn* Inft. 381. 

gULBUS eriophorus. Clitf. Hifi. u 172. Ic. 

&ULBI eriophori Viennae nati effigies. Dod. Tempt. 68 i. 

There is another fort which grows in the Levant, &c. Sec, 
Mill. Dtti. ed. 7. et 8. in Scillam. 

Bulb tunicate, fometimes two inches in diameter, quite 
hardy, and producing a profufion of offsets ; leaves from a foot 
to a foot and half high, from one to near two inches broad, 
} vit h a (lender finely ciliate-denticulate membranous margin, 
inner ones narrower/ convolute-concave ; /cape from three to 
f our feet high, cylindrical, upright; rtchis partly coloured, 


ridged-angular from the dectirrcnt hratles, which are very 
fmall, glandular, and generally placed at a little diltance below 
their pedicles ; thefe are fometimes one hundred and thirty of 
more in number, of a deep blue colour, 3 — 4 times the length 
of the diameter of the corolla, fparfe, rather diftant, with here: 
and there three or four approaching each other in the manner of 
a whorl ; corolla blue- violet ; fcentlefs; of very ihort duration, 
refembling that of autumnalis (No. 919), as the general habit 
of the inflorefcence does that of Muse ari (Hyacinth us Lin.) 
como/um (No 133); hence moft probably the appellation of 
byacinthoides ; anlhers deep purple, fmall, incumbent ; germen 
abortive (according to Brotero) even in the native plant. 
The Bulb had moft probably acquired the name of eriophorus 
among the older Botanifts, from the filky fibres, which (hew 
themfelves like wool on fuch parts of their coats or bafes of 
the decayed leaves as are broken or torn ; a chara6ter not 
peculiar to this fpecies. 

Native of Portugal, the Levant, and Madeira. The fpecies 
has been remarked by the older Botanifts, for an extreme 
fhynefs in producing its bloom. Clusius, in the defcription 
which accompanies his figure, announces it as, M ille bulbus 
cujus fiorem tanto tempore Belgicavidere dejiderav'it /' informing 
us at the fame time, that during the long period he and his 
friends had cultivated the Bulbs, but one had once flowered, 
and that one imported immediately from Conftantinople. 
Miller tried them in all fituations for thirty years, with ftill 
Iefs fuccefs ; for they never once yielded to his perfeverance. 
The Rev. Mr. Lothbury, to whom we are obliged for the 
fpecimen, has had the plant at Ieaft twenty years in his garden, 
near Bury ; and we hear that this is the firft time of its flower- 
ing with him. Gouan quotes Dodonaus, as recommending 
the occafional removal of the offsets from the mother-bulb, in 
order to fucceed in flowering it ; but upon referring to the 
author he has cited, we find no fuch obfervation. Brotero* 
who treats at length upon the native plant, does not notice 
this characteriftic. A Bulb was brought from Madeira, by 
Mr. Masson, in 1777, which bloomed at Kew, and has 
afforded a fpecimen for the Bankfian Herbarium. G, 



■ftd iv TO-** J'* & eo -Crg/certf Oof JLS*» 

•[ ii 4 l ] - 

Allium Schcenopras-um (#)< Larger 


-fe -*- $- & -&■ sjHfr £• £*# $■ fMHM^^MHt 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM fchxnoprafum ; (bulbi oblongiuficuli, graciliores, fy~ 
ramidati, aggregate ;) foliis teretibus, fubulati^ 
vel deorfum fubcanaliculato-compreflis, inferius 
vaginantibus ; fiiapo foliiformi ; umbella capitatim 
coarctata, fpatham ferme dimidio exfuperante ; 
pedicellis flores fubadaequantibus ; corolla cyathi- 
formi-campanulata, nee penitus bafm ufqwe partita; 
laciniis finu obtufo intercepts, ovali-obiongis, 
acmis, fubaequalibus, fubfcariolis, ahem is carinarisj 
ftaminibus brevioribus, fubulato-filiformibus, erec- 
tis ; germine fubtrilobo-ovato, depreffo ; llylq 
fetiformi, fubcapitellatim obtufato. G* 

{«) minor ; pallidiore flore ; foliis teretibus. G. 

ALLIUM fchxnoprafum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 432. Flor. Dan. 
971. Hort. Kew. 1. 428. Knipb. Cent. 8. n. 4. 
IV ill d. Sp. PI. 2. Si. Sm. Fl. Brit 1. 360. Georgi 
Bfihr. Ruff. Reich. Svo. ed. v, 4. ps. 3. p. 896. 
Lam. et Dec and. Fl. Fr. 3. 227. 

A. ftaminibus fimplicibus, foliis radicalibus, teretibus, fcapi 
longitudine. Hall. All. 12. Opufc. §61. 

SCHCENOPRASUM. Ger. Herb. Em. 1 . Lob. I<. 
154. /. 1. Dod. Pempt. 5. /. 3. p. 684. lc. 

€EPA feailis juncifolia. Mor. Hiji. 11. J. 4. /. 14. /. 4. 

(|3) major ; flore faturatiore ; foliis canaliculatim depreffis. G. 

ALLIUM fibiricum. Manl. 562. Hort. Kew. 1. 429. Havue 
Term. Bot. 43. /. 4. /. 4. c. Willd. I. c. 82 . Gcorg. I. c. 

A. fchxnoprafum. /3 Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 433. Murr. Nov. 
Comment. Goett. 6. 1775. p- 3- L 4- 

A. rrfeum. Krock. Silef n. 505. /. 43. exci. i'yn. 

CEPA fcapis foliifque teretibus, capitulis pyramidatis. Gmel. 
Sib.'i. 59. /. 15. / 1. 

C. paluftris altiffima. Buxb. Cent. 4. 27. /. 45. 

We are utterly unable to deleft: any diftinftion between (a) 
and (|3), beyond thofe that are ufually produced by cultivation 
and difference of fuuation ; and we fubferibe without hefita- 
tion to Mr. Dryander's opinion, that they are mere varieties 
of the fame fpecies. Native of France, Great-Britain, ? Sweden, 


Denmark, Ruflia, Siberia, and Tartary. Ufed in falads, and, 
for other culinary purpofes. G. 

No. 774. The letter-prefs of that number to be expunged, 
and the following account fubiiituted. 

Allium Subhirsutum. Hairy Garlick, or 


ALLIUM fubhirjutum ; (bulbus -parvus, ovatus s ) foliis paticis 

^ 2 — g) lorato linearlbus, canaliculars, carinatis, 

nervofis, mavgine carinaque ciliatim piiofis, deorfum 

convoluto-vaginantibus; fcapo tereti ; umbellafaW 

tigiata; pedicellis ftricliufculis, fpatha ovata acuta 

longioribus ; corolla ftellatim explanata ; laciniis 

ovali-oblongis, altcmis anguftioribus ; flaminibus 

compreflo-fubtilatis, divaricatis, bis brevioribus; 

germinetripulvinatim globofo, apice deprelfo, lobis 

fulcatis ; itylo fetiformi. G. 

ALLIUM Jnbhirjulum. Ojb.l'agb.Ofiind. Rcf. 46. Linn. Sp. PL 

ed. 2. 1. 424. Ihrt.Kew. l. 422. D'AffoFLArra^ 

321. Willi- Sp. PL 2. 66. Dcsf. FL All. 1. 286. 

Brot. FL Luf. 1. 541. Lam. et Dec. FL Fr. 3. 221 = 

ALLIUM birfulum. Lam. FL Fr. 3. 326. 

A. trifoliatum. Cyril. Neap. Fafc. 2. 11. t. 3. 

A. foliis radical ibus fubbirfutis, caulinis glabris, floribus um- 

bellatis. Hall. Opufc. 11. 18. 368. AIL n. 15. 32. 
{&) Umbclla breviore, confertiore ; floribus minoribus. Gt 
MOLY Diofcoridis. Clnf. Hift. 1. 192. Ic. e Ipecim. fpont. 
M. anguftifolium. Dod. Pempt. 5. /. 3. p. 673. 
M. anguftifolium umbellatum. Mor. Wjl. II. f. 4. /. 16./. 7. 
(j3) Umbe'la longiore, rariore ; floribus majoribus. G. 
ALLIUM clujianum. ReizinLitt. apud IVtlld. Sp. PL 2. 79. 
A. nivcum. Roth Cat. Bot. Fafc. 2.35. N. Beytr. i. jgi* 

Ami. of Bot. 2. 27. 
A. cilia I urn. Id. in Nov. Gen. PL in Roem. Archiv. v. l . p. 3. p- 4 l * 
MOLY minus. Clnf. Hi/I. 1. 192. Ic. e Ipecim. hort. 
M. minus (Tore albo. Ger. Herb. Em 183. /. 1. 
M. diofcorideum hifpanicum. Park. Par. 145. /. 143"/-. 1 * 

Native of the South of France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, the 
coaft of Barbary, the Levant, Perfia, Teneriffe, and, if Dr. 
Sims was rightly informed (which we greatly doubt), alfo 01 
the Cape of Good Hope. C lu si u s's fir ft figure is very charac- 
tcriftic of the fpontaneous plant, as his fecond is of the garden 
one, but in a lefs degree. Petals white ; germen firft dark- 
green, then brown. Blooms in May ; is rather a tender out- 
door 's plant, G. 




C "42 ] 

Allium Tataricum. Tartarian 

Specific Chora tier mid Synonyms. 

ALLIUM tataricum; (bulbus ovato-ohhngus, angujlior ;) foliis 
pluribus (5 — 6) fiftulofis deorfum convolutim ara- 
plexantibus, vaginantibus, furfum fubfemicylln- 
draceo-comprefiis, lineari-loratis, concaviufculis, 
acutis ; umbella convexius faftigiata, fpatham longe 
exfuperante ; corolla urceolato-rotata ; laciniis firm 
obtufo intercepts ; unguibus breviter convergent- 
bus ; laminis patentiffimis, ovalibus, acutis, extirnis 
convokito-concavis, carinatis, fubanguftioribus ; 
flammibus his duplo-brevioribus, tereti-fubulatis, 
divergentifjus, unguibus breviter adnatis; germine 
ovato-globofo, trilobo-trigono, angnlis lulcatis ; 
ftylo fi|iform», cufpide ftigmatofa obtufa obfcurius 
pubefcente. G. 

ALLIUM tataricum. Lmn. Fil. Suppl. 196. Syjl.Veg. Murr. 
322. Hort. Kezv. Add. v. 3. 490. Wiild. Sp. PL 2. 
67. Lil. a Red. tab. 96. 

ALLIUM ramofum. Linn. Sp. Pi. ed. 2. 425. Syfi. Veg. Murr. 
321. Mill. Biel. ed. 7. n. 8. Willich Qbf Bot. XX. 
18. mild. Sp.PL 2.67. 

ALLIUM umbellatum. Hall, in Comm. Goett. 1752. 337. '• 9- 

*o. /. 2. , 

A. fcapo nudo tereti far&o, foliis femicylindncts, ftamimbus 
corolla longioribus. Gmel. Sib. 1. 52. /. 11./ U 
Defer, erronea ob ftamina corolla longiora dicla; 
quae tamen in tabula verius breviora fiftuntur. G. 

There can be no doubt but that this is the umbellatum of 
Hai.ler; fcarcely any of its being Gmelin's above-cited 
plant ; and, as his figure correfponds well with the fpecimen of 
ramofum in Lin nous's Herbarium, this fpecies of that author 
Hkewife. The fpecific name of ramofum feems to have 
had its rife from Gmelin's remark, that it has ohen a befides 


the fertile fcape, a kind of falfe branch or fterile excrefccnce, 
which he calls " crus Jolidum tenue /' an excrefcence which we 
have oh en feen itfue from the middle of the umbel of 
other (pedes. Both authors defcnbe the ftamens of their 
plant as longer than the corolla, while the figure given bv 
the one and cited by the other, (hews the reverie to be the 
fad. A very common plant in molt parts of Siberia. Intro- 
duced into Kew Gardens bv Mr. Han em an in 1787, Blooms 
in May and June ; the flowers are fweet-fcentcd, but the plant, 
when bruiled, emits a very rank fmell of Garlick. Varies 
greatly in the number and clofenefs of the radii of its umbel. 
One of the molt ornamental of the genus. Our drawing was 
made at Mr f Salisbury's Botanic Garden, Brompton. G. 


No. 1129. ALLIUM INODORUM; the following fyno- 
nyms may be added to thofe already given in that article. 

ALLIUM fragrans. Vent. Uort. CelJ. 26. /. 26. Lil. a Red. 

v. 2. t. 6. 
ALLIUM ornithogaloides. Walt. FL Carol. 121. Gmef. Syjl. 

Nat. 7.544. 
QRN IT HOG ALUM bivalve. Linn. Sp. PL ed.i.v.u p. 306. 

Meifrs. VENTENATand Re&oute, in their refpeflive works 
above cited, have taken up this plant, as anew and unrecorded 
fpecies, wrongly fuppofing it to be a native of Africa inftead 
of America. The apparent contradiction in the names of 
fragrans and inodormn^ is founded in the firft's being fuggefted by 
a degree of fragrance in the bloonv while the other has been 
derived from the abfence, in every part of the plant, of thai 
fmell fo common in this genus. G. 

Gw:&*/"crnt Oct J ft 

C "43 ] 

Allium Nutans. Flat-Stalked Garlick. 

*f t* 1* v •¥• 'i» <p <* *P ^»^» ^.1|r$'"f , ^ , 7Jc^t' , ^Hjr 

' Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM tAttam ,- (bulbitsovoideus) foliis radicalibus, pi u rib us, 
lineari-loratis, craffiufculis, obttifuUs, obliquatis, 
dcorfum rigidiuicuiis ; icapo ftri&o, compreilo, 
funalato-ancipiti ; ante anthefin nutante, inde 
electa, globofa, congefta, fpatbam longms ex-ce- 
deme ; corolla campanulata ; lacmiis extimis na- 
vicularibus, brevioribus ; intimis ovatis, planiuf- 
cnbs ; ftaminibus his fubcluplo iongioribus, ereclis ; 
alternis membranaCfeo-diiatatis, urrinque unidenta- 
tis ; germine depreffo-oblongo, tnlobato-trigono ; 
itylo letiformi, cufpide iiigmatofa inconfpicua ter- 
minato. G. 

ALLIUM nutans. I. inn. Sp. PL cd. 2. 429. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 
323. flort. Kew. 1. 426. Mart Mill. Ditl. IVilfd. 

% sp.r/. 2 . n . 

ALLIUM ftaminibus alterne trifidis, foliis latiffimis, capite 

fphaerico, radice laterali folida. Hall. Opnfc. n. 6. 

PORRUM fcapo nudo ancipiti, antequam floruerit nutante, 

foliis enfiformibus : hinc paulo couvexioribus. 

Gmcl. Sib. 1. 55. /. 12. 

Bulb ovate, lateral ; leaves all radical, feveral, linear-lorate 
(not unlike thofe of Narcissus orientalis)^ fomewhflt flefliy 
and rigid, efpecially downwards, obliquely twitted, obtufe; 
fcape generally higher, compreffed, fubalately ancipital, rigid; 
umbel^ before it is extruded from the fpathe, nodding, then up- 
right, globular, heaped, among the larger ones ; Jpatbe far 
Shorter than this, unequally torn, with fometimes intermediate 
brakes partially enveloping portions of the inflorefcens fafci- 
culately ; corolla of a faded rofe-colour, hexapetaloufly-parted, 
campanulate ; outer fegments cymbiform-convolute, fhorter ; 
inner ovate, flatter; filaments nearly twice longer than thefe» 
upright; alternate ones fubulate, higher than the others, which 
are membraneoufly dilated for the length of their oppofed 
fegment, with a tootbform appendage on each fide, or tricuf- 
pidate with a longer middle prong ; germen deprefTed-oblong, 
trilobate-trigonal ; jlyle nearly three times longer, fetiform, 
white, terminated by an jnconfpicuous ftigmatofe point ; anthers 


fmaff, incumbent, brown. Every part of the plant, when 
bruifed, has a very rank fmell of Garlick. 

Native of Siberia. Introduced by Dr. Pitcairn, about 
1785. Quite hardy. Blooms in June and July. G. 


No. 973, The letter-prefs of that article to be expunged 1 , 
and the following fubltituted. 

Allium Caucaseum. Crimson-Flowered 

ALLIUM caucafeum ; (lulbi ovato-pyramidati, graciliores % og- 
grcgati ;) foliis paucis (fitbtrinis) teretibus, furfum 
attenuatis,deorfum longevaginantibus; fcapotereti; 
fpathse valvula altera caudatim convoluta, afiur- 
genter divaricata, umbellam convexam conferti- 
ufculam adaequante parumve excedente ; corolla 
campanulata ; lanceolatis, acutis ; ftaminibus fili- 
formibus, has exfuperantibus ; germine ovali- 
globofo ; fiylo fetiformi, cufpide fligmatofa in- 
confpicua. G. Exempli fpont an. in Muf. Bank/. 
ex Marfbal v. Bieberjicin. 

ALLIUM globofum. Lil. a Redout*, t. 96. cui allegatur 
Marfchal ex Hort. Pari/, Habet vero Muf Bankf. 
Allii gkbofi exemplar, ipfiffimo D. Marfchal re- 
ceptum, atque fubfignatum, quod ab ilia ommno 
alia fpecies ; neque, ut nobis vifum eft, a fpharo- 
ccphalo diftinguenda. G. 

Native of Tartary ; found on Mount Caucafus by M. von 
BitBfcR stein. Our fpecimen was raifed from Kuflian feeds, 
not from Auflrian, as we had before been mifinformed. 1 ant- 
(ulatuvi differs in having far longer and laxly drooping capillary 
pedicles, which are intermixed with fmall round bulbs; it has 
alfo a far longer and a reflexed fpathe; the fegments are likewife 
obtufe and obovate, and the whole plant is much larger. They 
are certainly very clofely allied fpecies. We have feen a pale- 
flowered variety of the prefent. G> 



J-uSt^TC^Ur S^Gc^.G-efetnt OctjLJ80B. J'Sa^yhm-J'^f 

C JI 44 ] 

Sossijea Lanceolata. Narrow-Leaveb 


Oafs and Order, 


Generic Charatler. 

'Cat. 2-labiatus, labium fuperius emarginatUm, lateribus trun- 
cation. Vexillum ba(i biglandulofiim, Jongids unguiculatum : 
carina vexillo longior. Stamina bafi l-delpha. Legumen pe- 
aicellatum, oblongum, compreffum, nudum, polyfpermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BOSSI^EA lanceolata; ramis corhpreflis, foliis lineari-lanceo- 

latis ere&is, petiolis utrinque articulatis, carina 

alls bis longiore. 
BOSSI^EA heterophylla. Ventenat CeJf. 7. Willd. Sp. 3. p. 

972. Dryander in Annals of Bot. v. 2. p. 526. 
PLATYLOBIUM lanceolatum. Bot. Repof. 266. Donn HorU 

Cant. 161. 

M. Ventenat confiders this plant as a diftinct genus, dif- 
fering from Platylobium of Smith, more efpecially in its 
pod 'wanting the wings at the back future, in the prefence of 
glands at the bafe of the vexillum, and in the form* of the 
calyx. The two latter characters are, however, not very 
ftriking, the glands or callofities at the bafe of the limb of the 
vexillum are no more than is frequently found in other papi- 
lionaceous flowers, and the calyx does not differ from that of 
Platylobium formofnm, anymore than one fpecies maybe 
expe&ed to differ from another. The carina, as is ufual, con- 
fin's of two petals, which are adglutinated at the point only. 
The remarkable length of this part, compared with the fhort 
alae, gives a Angular afpeft to the corolla, and being of a 
black-purple colour, whilft the reft of the petals is yellow, 


makes the buds appear tipped with black. The alternate 
leaves, however, with their articulated petioles, and remarkable 
imputation, confirm the idea of adiitinft genus. The twoftipules, 
which are very fmall, conical, hairy, and erect, grow from the 
edge of a cuplike projection, which receives the bafe of the 
petiole, and from which a tapering line is continued down the 
ftem nearly to the infertion of the next leaf. Upon the whole, 
there is a very near affinity between Bofiiaea and Platylobium, 
and as, even in an artificial arrangement when the fyftem will 
admit of it, fuch plants mould ftand together, Willoknow 
ought not to have feparated them to fuch a diliance as he has. 

Vf, n ten at gave this fpecies the name of heteropbyllma t 
becaufe he obfeived the leaves to be elliptical at the lower 
parts of the mrub and lanceolate upwards: a diftinclion we 
have not remarked in the fpecimens we have examined. In 
the Platylobium ovalum of the Botanifts Repofitory, which 
certainly belongs to this genus and has been referred to it by 
Mr. Dryander, the leaves are ail elliptical. Upon thefe 
accounts we have rather adopted Andrews's name of lanceo- 
latum, to which we have been further impelled by a difficulty 
we find in deciding abfolutely to which of thefe plants V en- 
ten at's figure and defcription belongs. Perhaps the lanceo- 
latiun and ovatum of the Botanift's Repofit'^y are mere va- 
rieties of the fame fpecies, in which cafe Ventenae's name 
may be retained for the fpecies. 

We fufpecl that our Platylobium microphylhm (No. 863) 
as well as P. fcolopendrum, and fome other undefcribed 
fpecies, belong to this genus. 

Native of New-Holland ; propagated, we believe, by feeds 
only ; requires the protection of a greenhoufe ; flowers almoft 
all the year. Our drawing was taken at Mr. Hibbert's, at 
Chriftmas. Introduced in 1792, according to the BotanifTs 
Repofitory, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 



A* ijr T. Curtis- . J* Geo G-tfcnt Oct J i 



[ M45 ] 



•Sff- #-^ $ $ - £ & 38f $ ■# <$ $-$-£# £■ $• $- ^ 

C/^/Jr <ar#</ Order. 


Generic CbaraEler* 

Col. 5-partifus. Cor. fubinfundibuliformis. Stamina declt- 
hata. G/#/! 5-locularis : dijjepimenla ex inflexis valvularum 
hiarginibus duplicata. <$>///. plurima. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

RHODODENDRON caucafcum ; caule decumbente, foliis 

ovatis fupra venofo-rugofis fubtus fer- 
rugineo-toroentofis margine revoluti^ 
bracleis oblongis concavis perfiftenti- 

RHODODENDkON caucaficum t foliis ovatis fcabris, fubtus 

tome n tofo pall id is, umbellis terminali- 
bus albifloris, bracleis elongatis. Pall. 
Raff. up. 46: t. 31; 

RHODODENDRON caucaficum ; foliis fcabris fubtus ferru- 

gineo-tomentofis, Umbellfs terminali- 
bus, corollisrotatis, petal is fubrotundis. 
WilldiSp. PL 2. p. 605. 

Descr. A low fhrub : branches fpread on the ground, nearly 
naked, the leaves as well as flowers being chiefly on the affur- 
gent extremities. The fcales of the buds, however, remain a 
long time, even after the leaves are fallen, forming a kind of 
ftipules. Leaves ovate, quite entire, with margins rolled back, 
reticulately veined and roughifh (rugofa vix fcabra) on the 
upper furface, and covered with a fine pale ruft-coloured down 
underneath, on fhort petioles, aftringent but not bitter 10 the 


tafte, and having a weak fcent of iweet-briar ivheh rubbed. 
Flowers terminal, in an umbel-formed corymbus : peduncles 
downy, but little longer than the bracles y which are oblong- 
ovate, concave, of a pale green colour, and continue as long 
as the [lowers, encloiing the peduncles in an imbricated fheath. 
Corolla large, funnel-duped, divided fcarcely half-way down 
into five rounded, emarginate Jaciniae; white within, except 
that the upper part of the faux is dotted with green Ipecks, 
hardly extending above- the divifion of the corolla, and more 
or lefs tinged with a bright rofe-colour on the outiide. Fila- 
ments ufually ten, declined, hairy towards the bottom, upper 
ones rather fhorter. than the lower, inferted into the receptacle : 
anthers pale red, ovate, eretl, openings at the upper extremity 
very fmall. Germen obtuiely five-angled : jlyle. longer than 
ftamens, bright red, jllgma capitate, obfoletely lobed. Beneath 
the germen is a thick fleihy pentagonal receptacle, the outer 
margin of which forms the calyx. Flowers quite fcentlefs. 

There is fo great an affinity between this fpecies and Rho- 
dodendron Chryfanthemttm, that Pallas feems to doubt if 
they ought not to be confidered as mere varieties. It is a 
native of the molt elevated parts of Mount Caucafus, on the 
Verge of the region of perpetual fnow ; accompanied by no 
other fhrub than Vaccinum Myrtillus and Vitis id<ea> al- 
though the Juniper reaches nearly to the fame elevation. 

We follow the claffick writers, Virgil, OviDj Propertius* 
and Claudi an, in ufing the word eauca/eus, amongft whom 
Laucoficus never occurs, though moft modern BotanifLs have 
adopted it. 

Our plant was communicated by Mr. Loddiges, with whom 
only it has as yet flowered, and that in the beginning of Auguft 
laft ; he informs us, that it is far lefs {hy than the Rhodo- 
dendron Chryfanthemiiyn^ which, although it has been much 
longer in his pofTeflion, he has never been able to {lower but 
very imperfectly* 

• : fo^f, t J p . _n,h.byT.a>rt^ JFGm^^mit oa.t. 

C 1145 ] 

Be$leria Pulchella. Striped-Flowered 


Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Cor. tubulofa, limbo 5-lobo, inaequali. 
Germ, bafi glandulofum. Bacca fubglobofa, polyiperma, Sem. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BESLERIA pulchella; foliis oblongo ovatis rugofis crenatis 
in petiolum decurrentibus, petiolis connatis, 
pedunculis axillaribus corymbiferis, involucrQ 
pedicel I is breviore, calycibus pentagonis ferru- 
latis coloratis. 

BESLERIA pulchella. Donn Hort. Cant. 140. 

BESLERIA umbellata s in Herbario Bankf. 

Stem fhrubby, but very fucculent. Leaves oppofite, oblong- 
oval, crenate all round the margin, rugofe, pale underneath, 
fomewhat hairy on the upper furface, narrowing towards the 
bafe and running along the footftalks, which embrace the flem 
and unite. Peduncles axillary, rounded, hairy, bearing a 
corymb of about fix flowers. Pedicles hairy, of a purplifh 
brown colour, the length of the flower inferted into the ex- 
tremity of the peduncle, where there are a few unequal bra£tes 
of a green colour, or involucres fhorter than the pedicles. 
Calyx of a fcarlet colour, five-angled, five-cleft : divifions acu- 
minate and a little fawed at the edge. Corolla yellow, a little 
hairy on the outfide : tube longer than the calyx : limb 5-cleft, 
lacinise rounded, flriped with red, the lowcrmoft rather 

longer than the reft. 


We received the fpecimen of this beautiful fpecies of 
Besleria, from which our drawing was made, from Mr, 
Woodford, of Springweil, Hertfordfhire, in Auguft laft. 
It is the mod fhewy of any we have feen in this country ; but 
the Besleria coccinea t from its* large fcarlet involucrum, 
muft dill exceed it. Aublet's B. lutea, which, as appears 
from his own fpecimen now preferved in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, is not that fo called by Linnaus, very much re- 
fembles this, but has leaves quite entire from the middle 
downwards and a longer tube to the flower. 

Native of Trinidad, and requires the conftant heat of the 
bark-ftove. Propagated by cuttings. 



-Fuiiyj: G*rt„ 

[ **47 ] 

Hydropeltis Purpurea. Purple* 

Flowered Hydropeltis. 

+ IJH^ £ $- $ %■■%. £ jjHfr $ *• $• $ $ $• $ 

C/<//} #W Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cor. (Calyx Juss.) 6-petala, perfiftens : petala 3 interiora 
ionglora. Caffula 6 — 10, oblongae, difpermas. 

Obs. Genus Calth^ tf^W. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

HYDROPELTIS purpurea. Michaux FL Amer.-Bor. v. i. 

p. 323. /. 29. 
IXODIA natans. So/and. MSS. apud Banks. 

Descr. Stems long, rounded, floating on the furface of 
the water, covered with a vifcid tranfparent jelly, infolubie in 
water. The whole plant is coated more or lefs thickly with 
this gelatinous fubftance, but more efpecially the young moots 
and unfolded buds. It was from this quality, not eafiiy re- 
prefented by art, that Solan der gave it the very apt name of 
Ixodia; but this never having been publifhed, was unknown 
to Michaux, who has applied to it one borrowed from 
the peltated leaves fo common to plants, inhabitants of 
deep waters.* We adopt the one which has been already given 
to the public, though far lefs appropriate. Leaves peltate, 
elliptical, quite entire, fmooth above, rugofe underneath from 
the elevated veins which radiate from the centre in ltraightifli 
lines, branching as they approach the circumference. Peduncles 
folitary, one-flowered, fhorter than the petiole, at the fide of 
which, neither in the axil nor oppofite, they are inferted. 
Corolla dull purple, of fix lanceolate petals, the three exterior 
of which are fhorter, more obtufe, an<i more erefr, the three 


interior, alternately dlfpofed, are longer, more patent and 
even recurved at the extremity, and of a deeper purple. 
Stamens many, 15 — 30 : filaments ereft, half the length of the 
petals, inferted into the receptacle : anthers linear, erect, 
purplifh red, the length of the filament, and both together 
equaling the petals. Germens feveral, 8 — 16, ereel, oblong, 
ftyle the length of the germen, pointed. Receptacle flat x rofe- 
coloured, with mammillary points, to which the feed-velfels are 
attached. Follicles oblong-ovate, contained within the per- 
fiftent corolla, one-celled, two-feeded, but one frequently 
abortive. Seed ova) , when unripe of a delicate rofe- colour 
and fmooth, filled with a uniform fleihy albumen, the fhape of 
the feed, in which we could not deteel the embryo ; but our 
friend, Mr. Konig, having fome time fincediffecled ripe feeds 
with great care, difcovered the minute embryo at the apex of 
the feed, beneath an orbicular lid which, when highly magnified, 
appeared fluted at the margin and exactly fitted the conformably 
rifled orifice in the tefta of the feed. Having difcovered this 
part in fome other monocotyledonous feeds (as alfo in feveral 
Guettardas, &c.) he diftinguifhes it from the papilla embryofega 
of fome carpologifls, by the term of Embryopoma. The feed- 
veifels which he examined, all contained one feed only, thofe 
of our fpecimen were two-feeded. 

Whilft our draughtfman had the branch of this plant under 
hh care, floating in a bafon of water, he obferved that in the 
evening the anthers connived over the fligmas, the petals clofed, 
and the peduncle was bent down, fo that the flower came to 
the furface of the water ; in the morning the peduncle became 
again ere£t, the flower opened, the anthers diverged, and the 
piftils were expofed to the air and light. After fun-fet the 
fame fleeping ftate, as on the preceding evening, returned, 
and the flower again funk down to the furface of the water. 

Only one fpecies of this plant has been hitherto difcovered ; 
an inhabitant of lakes in North- America, from Upper-Canada 
to South-Carolina, 

From the ftate of the capfules, we have no doubt but this 
plant will readily ripen its feeds in the ciftern in an airy part 
of the ftove or greenhoufe : perhaps, being found in Upper- 
Canada, it may not be injured by the feverity of our winters. 

For the fpecimen of this very rare plant, we are indebted 
to E. J. Woodtord, Efq. of Springwell, who ftill continues 
his botanical purfuits with the fame ardour as he formerly did 
at Vauxhall. 


In which the Latin Names 
the Plants contained in 
Twenty- Eighth Volume are 
phabetically arranged. 


1119 Aconitum uncinatum. 
1129 Allium inodorum. 
1X 43 — ~ — " nutans. 

1141 —_ Schoenoprafum (|S). 

1142 — — — tataricura. 

1125 Amaryllis advena. 

1120 Anemone narciffiflora. 
1124 Anthericum canaliculatum. 

1132 Aphyllanthes monfpelienfis. 
J 1 1 8 Arenaria montana. 

T115 Ariftolochia glauca. 

ii 16 feropcrvirens,. 

1 1 46 Befleria pulchella. 
j 144 Bofliasa lanceolata. 
3136 Browallia demiffa. 

1138 Cercis filiquaftrum. 

1122 Colchicum byzantinum> 
mi' Crocus mrefiacus (#).. 
1110 verficolor. 

1107 Cucubalus itellatus. 

1133 Cyrtanthus obliquus.. 

1 1 08 Diapenfia lapponica. 
1 1 28 Embothrium fpecioiiflimuia. 

1139 Erica refinofa. 
1 1 13 Erythronium Americanum. 
1127 Fumaria Cucullaria. 
1105 Gciflbrhiza fecunda [var. 0):, 
1137 Goodenia fenella. 
-1147 Hydropeltis purpurea. 

1126 Hyofcyamus £copolia. 

1123 Jris ruthcnica. 

J131 fpuria, & halophila. 

1 130 fobbiflora. 

3121 Mimofa ftrida. 

1103 ^i° raa collina.fir. y). 

1109 Nandina domefiica. 

1134 Ornithogaluni la&eum. 
1117 Pruiius nigra. 
1145 Rhododendron caucafeum. 
1 102 Scillat\*mpanu!ata [warietates 
wto hyacintboides. 

1104 Scw*rba?a juncea. 
1114 Teocriom betonicum. 

1135 Tulipa gefneriana. 
1.106 Vaccininm dumofum.. 
1112 Uvularia grandiflora. 


of t Jn which the Englifh Names of 
the ^ the Plants contained in the 
al- <) Twenty- Eighth Volume are at- 
a phabetically arranged. 

♦ P/. 

v 1125 Amaryllis, ftreaked-fiowered.. 
A 1 1 24 Anthericum, hairy. 
4*1116 Birthwort, evergreen. 

^1115 glaucous-leaved, 

1 1146 Befleria, ftriped-flowered. ■ 
^.1144 Boffijea. narrow leaved. 
^1136 Browallia, fpreading. 

* 1 107 Campion, four-leaved. 
11141 Chives, larger. 

^1122 Colchicum, broad-leaved. 
4*1111 Crocus, cream coloured. 

v 1110 party-coloured.. 

X ,1133 Cyrtanthus, oblique-itfavedv . 
4. 1108 Diapenfia, Northern, [flowered. 
4 '113 Dog 's-Tooth- Violet, yellow^- 

J 1 123 Flag, pigmy. 
Y 1130 purple. 

*^ . ^^j^j ~ — — ymyi\*» I baitard. 

^ 1131 fmaller fulphur-coloured 

Si 127 Fumitory, two-fpurred. 
1129 Garlick,. Carolina. 
i> ,J 43 — nat-ffalked.. 

> 142 Tartarian, [ranked. 

^ u 05 Geifforhiza,white-flowered, ona» 

<Ji 1 1 1 4 Germander, hoary. 

4 1, 1137 Goodenia, dichotomous. 

▼ no" Harebell^ Spanifh {3 varieties). 

/\ . • 139 Heath, varnif,,ed. 

4* 1 126 Henbane, pendulous-flowered,. 

$ 1147 Hydropeltis, purple-flowered. 

% 1138 Judas-Tree, common. 

^►1132 Lily-pink, rufh-fialked. 

<) 1121 Mimofa, twin-flowered. 

* 1103 Moraea, ftraw-coloured,. equal-. 
Y flowered. 

A 1 1 oq Nandina, garden. 
4*1117 Plnm-Tree, black. 
V1145 Rhododendron, Caucafian. 
!iii8 Sandwort, mountain. 
^ 1104 Sowerbaea, rum-leaved. 
3). <j> 1140 Squil hyacinth. 

* 1134 Star of Bethlehem, milk-white. 
^1135 Tulip, garden. 

§ 11 19 Uvularia, large yellow. 

* j 128 Waratah. 

Q 1 106 Whortle-Berry, bulhy. 
^1120 Wind-Flower, narciffus -flowered 
.^1119 Wolf's-Bane, hook- flowered. 

Printed by S, Coachman, Throgmorton-Strcct, London*