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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CUR T/S'.S 

Botanical Magazine,- 






Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn.^us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
with to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 



VOL. XXV. £) - 



■*■ >Q$ e i 



Soft roll your incenfe, Herbs, and Fruits, and Flowers I 
In mingled clouds to him, whofe fun exalts, 
Whofe breath perfumes you, and whofe pencil paints. 

Thompson. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton- Street. 

Publimed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars-Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCVII. 



C 95 7 ] 

PlJLTENvEA VlLLOSA. VILLOUS PliLTEN-iEA. 

jJi->'< "it >!'.A *'* 4g TJf fc TJf. tfr A A > ! 4 >!l.i<'. ?'* *'* >'*- 

^>jv v,» sjS »|V >j» «y» Ijjs •,■» ?jr /jv •,> «j» »[■» «,* »,» /?• »,-. j(» «|» 

CA{/} affii Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharacJer. 

CaL 5-fidus utrinquc appendiculatus ! Cor. papilionacea : alia 
vexillo brevioribus. Stylus fubulauis. Stigma {implex, acutum. 
Leg. i-loculare difpermum. Smith. 



Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

PULTEN/EA vilkfa; foliis oblongis pilofis, floribus folitariis 
axillaribus, caule villofo. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 
p. 507. Smith in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 503. 
Dryandcr in Ann. of Bot. v. 2. p. 519. Poire t 
in En eye. Meth. 738. 



The Pultenjea viilofa, of which we believe no figure has 
been before given, is at tirft fight eafily diftinguifhed from 
Aotus vilkfa (No. 949) with which it has been confounded, 
from the corolla being of a plain yellow colour without ftreaks. 
A more attentive obfervation will fhew the two additional leaf- 
lets to the calyx, and the brown harm ftipules at the bafe of 
every leaf, both which parts are entirely wanting in Aotus ; 
nor do the tlowers grow in whorls as in the latter. 

A low branchy greenhoufe fhrub ; native of New- Holland ; 
flowers in April and May, communicated by Mr. Lopdiges, 
of Hackney. 



J°p(r 




•* 



C 9^3 ] 
Rhexia Virginica. Virginian Rhexia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Oct an ok i a Monogynia, 

Generic Cba racier. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 4, calyci inferta. Anther* declinata?. 
Cap/'. 4-locuiari.s, intra vent rem calycis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

RHEXIA virginica ; foliis feffilibus lanceolatis trinerviis 
.ferrato ciliaiis, cafycibus glandulofo-ciliatis. IVitld. 
sp. Pl%. />. 301. 

RHEXIA virginica. Sp. PL 49 1 . Reich. 2. 146. Hort. Kezv. 

2. p. 2. Mart. XiiiL Did. a. 1. Grmov. Virg. 41. 

Michaux h'lor. Bur. -Am. v. 1. ;). 222. 
RHEXIA Alifanus et pptemnerz-ia. Walt. Fior. Car. p. 130. f 
ALISANUS vegetables carolinianus. Pluk, AmaUh. 8. 
LYSIMACHIA non pappofa virginiana^ Tuberarise foliis 

hirfutis, Hore tetrapetaio rubello. Pluk. Aim. 235. 

/. 202. f. 8. Ran Hijl. 3. />. 426. 



A hardy perennial, native of Virginia, Carolina, and Mary- 
land, growing moft luxuriantly in marfhy ground, and in fuch 
fituations, as we are informed by Michaux, the leaves be- 
come feven-nerved. The number of itamens and petals is not 
conftant in the different fpecies of this genus ; in feveral re- 
fpe&s it approaches in affinity to Melaftoma, with which it is 
united, by Jussieu, in the fame natural order. Flowers in 
July and Augufh Propagated by feeds, which are rarely- 
brought to maturity with us. 

Communicated by Meflrs. Whitley and Brame, Old 
Brompton. 



Fg6<s 




'^i Edwards dd ]?ub by T('u> 



1-JSCfl 7<%&* t*k 



[ 9^9 3 
Sph^rolobium Vjminei m. Twiggy 

SPHiEROLOBIUM. 

C/d/} a«ii Order, 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-fidus, irregularis. Cor. papiliionacea. Stigma cart- 
natum, membranaceo-dilatatum ! Legumen pedicellatum, tur- 
gidum, obliquum, monofpermum. Stum. 2 fuprema dillantia. 
JSmi rH. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 

SPHzEROLOBIUM vmiueum. Smith, in Ann. of Bot. v. t. 
p. 509. Dryander, ibid. c v. 2. p. 509. 



Dr. Smith, who had not feen a living plant, obferves, that 
he could find no trace of leaves, but fufpects that the feedling 
plants may probably have them ; we find however that the 
fterile branches or young fhoots, which produce no flowers 
the fame year, are clothed with fmall lanceolate leaves. In 
cultivation we have generally found two kidney- fhaped feeds 
in each pod, one attached to the dorfal margin of each valve. 
The pod is inflated, nearly globular, but the back almoft 
ftraight ; the peculiar oblique twifting, mentioned by Dr. 
Smith, is probably the efkcT: of drying. In other refpe&s 
we find the Doctor's defcription to correfpond with our own 
obfervations : we did not indeed advert to the diftance of the 
two upper flamens from each other, but it may be fo. 

Our plant was communicated by Mr. Loddiges. Flowers 
in May, June, and July, and ripens its feeds in Auguft. 





Jm»0jfM Pub M Tlhrh i' 



[ 97° ] 

Andromeda Cassinf.folia. Shining 

Oval-Leaved Andromeda. 

4h!e ♦ <t ♦ ♦ ♦ * > ♦♦ 3 B l 4HJt * ~^ 

C/a/} <?^ Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata, ore 5-fido. Cap/. 5-locularis, 
valvulis medio feptiferis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANDROMEDA cajinefolia ; pedunculis aggregatis rameis 
axillaribufque, corollis globofo-campanulatis, 
foliis ovalibus fubferratis nitidis. 

ANDROMEDA caffinefolia> var. a . FentenatHort.Celf.6o. 

ANDROMEDA Jpcciofa, var. a, nitida. Michaux Flor. Bor. 
Am. 1. p. 256. 



Whether this plant and the Andromeda pulverulenta 
(No. 667) ought in reality to be confidered as diftincl fpecies, or 
merely varieties, may be doubted : they are certainly very 
nearly related, but this is a fmaller, lefs robuft fhrub, the 
leaves are not fo bluntly crenated, but rather ferrate, and quite 
entire at the bafe. At the time the pulverulenta was publifhed 
we had not feen Michaux's work, or we might have been 
induced to have adopted his name. Yet his aflertion that the 
mealy appearance on the leaves is certainly the effeft of difeafe, 
may be rendered dubious by the confideration, that the pulve- 
rulenta is a much larger and every way more robuft plant, 
bearing flowers of greater hze and more in a bunch, than the 
cajinefolia, circumftances difficult to be attributed to any 
malady. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Fraser's, in Sloane-Square, 
who we believe firft introduced it into this country. We 
received fpecimens alfo from Meffrs. Malcolm's Nurfery, at 
Kenfington. Native of North-Carolina, about Fayette-Town 
and Wilmington. Flowers in June, 



Zfte 




Jy.iZJ^arJj Jt'i FltA >?■ ''-'< '< ' *• ■'• ' J ' 



C 971 ] 

lllium pomponium («). scarlet pompone 

Lily. 

Cifo/} d//i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. fupra N um ' 798. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonym, 

LILIUM pomponium, var. a. Vide fupra N um - 798, uli inter 

fynonyma, injeri pot eft. 
LILIUM pyrenaicum. LiL a Redout^ t. 145. 



This is the variety of Lilium pomponium fo generally con- 
founded with Lilium chalcedonicum (fupra N um - 30J. 

We have before obferved, that in the fplendid work of 
Redoute, the laft-mentioned fpecies has been miftaken for 
the plant here figured ; fincc which, in the fame work, the 
yellow variety of this has made its appearance, under the title 
of pyrenaicum ; one error leading to the other. G. 




^JZj^Utte At IpI.Curhs 



Sri-./irftV* TSi^jruk 



[ 972 ] 

Ornithogalum Juncifolium. Rush- 
Leaved Star of Bethlehem. 

jk->'-t. jfe. »'» sk r ! 4 *■'>. sk. lit .s'i. »'<. i''- y'f~ >'t..A'4. i'<. >!t, ik iSt 
Ti^ Vfrvjcijf ^tvfitj: <j» ''»» 7 i^ 'j* "i» *c 'i* v v «P v v 

t?/tf/> 0//^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide N os - 653 8c 746, Obs. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM juncifolium ; filamentis fublanceolatis, 

racemo longiffimo, foliis fubulatis plu- 
rimis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. i. p. 46. 
/. 90. 

ORNITHOGALUM juncifolium. Willd. Sp. PI. 102, 123. 



All that we know of this plant is, that Mr. Loddiges re- 
ceived it, fome years ago, among other Cape bulbs, from 
Holland, under the name of Ornithogalum rupejlre y which 
is a very humble plant, with only two or three flowers on the 
fcape. This appears to us to be the fame with Jacquin's 
juncifolium y although both the flowers and leaves are much 
lefs numerous than in his figure, and the fegments of the co- 
rolla fomewhat broader and more blunt. The filaments are 
narrow-lancc-fhaped, alternate ones rather broader. Flowers 
in July and Auguft. Requires the protection of a greenhoufe 
or glafs frame. 




N " ( /J k 



■ fn4m u-uk 



[ 973 ] 
Allium Paniculatum. Rose-Coloured 

Garlick. 

■ »»»»»»$*♦»♦♦♦♦♦»♦» 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N un ' 869. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms, 

ALLIUM paniculatum ; caule fubteretifolio, umbellifero, pe- 
dunculis capillaribus effufis, ftaminibus fimpU- 
cibus, fpatha longiffima. Hort. Kew. 1. 425. Sp. 
PL 428. Scop. Cam. ed. 2. n. 398. Gartn. Setn. 
5 6. t. 16. Hojl PL Aujir. 184. n. 6. mild. Sp. 
PL 2. 73. 

ALLIUM, Sec. &c. Hall. Helv. n. 1225. Opufc. 386. All. 
22. cum Ic. Mich. Nov. Gen. tab. 24./. 4. 

ALLIUM five Moly montanum. III. CluJ. Hijl. p. 194. 

ALLII montani. ////. Spec. I. Id. eod. 

ALLII montani. ////. Spec. II. Id. eod. 



A native of the South of Europe and the Levant ; intro- 
duced into our gardens by Signor G. Fabroni in 1780. 
The prefent fpecimen was raifed by Mr. Loddiges from feeds 
received from Auftria. We fhall take fome future opportunity 
of attempting an arrangement of this too extenfive genus, the 
fpecimens of which are fo difficult to be met with in our 
gardens. The plant figured by Haller has fegments of the 
corolla far more blunt than thofe of the prefent ; but we can 
fcarcely think it a diftinft fpecies on that account. It is fome- 
times bulbiferous, at others entirely without bulbs, as was the 
cafe in our prefent fpecimen. G, 



y</ r > 




JfiUfamb&L ftU) & 



[ 974 ] 

Vaccinium Arctostaphylos. Madeira 

Whortle-Berry. 

# ♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charatlcr. 

Cal. fuperus. Cor. i-petala. Filament a receptaculo inferta. 
Bacca 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

VACCINIUM Artlojlaphyhs s floribus racemofis, foliis cre- 

nulatis ovatis acutis, caule arboreo. Sp. PI. 

500. Reich. 2, 106- Willd. 2. 353. Hort. 

Kew. 2. p. 13. Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 21. Bot. 

Repof. t. 30. Ejufdem Recenf. p. 20. Pall, 

Rojf. v. 1. part. 2. p. 45. 
VITIS IDEA orientalis maxima, cerafifolio, flore variegato. 

Tourn. Cor. 42. it. 2. 223. c. icone. 



A handfome greenhoufe fhrub, native of Madeira, the Levant, 
and Mount Caucafus. Flowers from May to July. Introduced 
by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1777. The fpecimen from 
which our drawing was taken was communicated by Mr. 
Lod dices, in whofe garden there appears to be two varieties ; 
but as the other has not yet flowered, we can fay nothing 
certain with regard to.them. This is one of the fpecies which 
has ten ftamens and the calyx and corolla divided into five 
fegments. The berries are black, five-ceiled, with feveral 
lceds in each. 

Tourn efort imagines this fhrub may be the Arclojlaphylos 
or Bear's-berry of Galen, and hence this name was adopted 

by Linx£us. ■ 



I°pJ4 




TCurht JTho Crf)',yni-y<'yJhiOf< 




rgf, 






I 



Vi 



C 975 ] 

Hydrangea Quercifolia. Oak-Leaved 
Hydrangea. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. fuperus, 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-petala. Cap/. 2-Iocularis, 
2-roftris, foramine inter cornua dehifcens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYDRANGEA querci/olia ; foliis lobatis fubtus tomentofis, 

floribus paniculatis: terminalibus fterilibus 

maximis. 
HYDRANGEA querci/olia ,• cymis radiatis, foliis oblongis 

finuato-lobatis dentatis. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. 

p. 634. Bartram Trav. p. 382. 
HYDRANGEA radiata ; foliis lobatis, fubtus tomentofis. 

Smith Ic. Picl. p. 12. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby : bark brown, deciduous. Leaves 
oppofite, generally feven-lobed : lobes pointed, toothed, to- 
mentofe on the under fide, efpecially when young. Inflore/cence 
a compound panicle : flowers white, growing on fhort pedicles 
colle&ed into fmall cymes on the fides of the branches of the 
Panicles ; many of the branches are terminated with one, two, 
Jpmetimes three large flerile flowers, on long pedicles ; but 
from the fhape of the panicle thefe flerile flowers do not form 
a radius, as in Hydrangea radiata. The fertile flowers 
confift f a f U p er i or f ma ]i five-parted calyx ; a corolla of five 
Petals larger than the calyx, deciduous ; ftamens ten, inferted 
mto the crown of the germen : anthers white, roundifh ; gcr- 
j*f» nearly globular, two-celled, with many ovula in each ; 
Pgmas two, rarely three, large, obovate, obtufe. In the 
"erile flowers the calyx is very much enlarged, and confifts of 

four 



four flat, petal-like, fomewhat unequal leaflets, in the centre 
of which is a fmall globular imperfect corolla with a few ftamens. 
Flowers fweet-fcented. 

Dr. Smith appears to have had a fpecimen of this plant 
before him when he framed his fpecific character of what he i 
fuppofed to be the radiata of Walter. But the Hydrangea 
radiata of Michaux, probably the fame as that of Walter, 
has entire, not lobed leaves, and flowers growing in a cyme, 
the fterile ones in the circumference, and by cultivation^ ac- 
cording to Michaux, fometimes lofes its white woollinefs on 
the under fide and ceafes to produce fterile flowers, when it 
can hardly be diftinguiflied from Hydrangea arborefcens % 
with which this fpecies can never be confounded. 

The propriety of Dr. Smith's reference of the Hortemsia 
of Jussieu to this genus is certainly ftrengthened by the con- 
fideration of this fpecies, in which three ftigmas fometimes 
occur and the change in the fterile flowers exaBly correfponds ; 
the expanded calyx in both being more ufually divided into 
four petal-like, flat fegments, containing an imperfeft, globular 
corolla in the centre. The number ten appears to us the moft 
natural' in the ftamens of both, though Dr. Roth always 
obferved eleven in Hortenfia. See his obfervations on this 
fubjecl in Annals of Botany , vol. ii. p. 31. 

Our drawing was made from a fine plant, fent us in flower, 
by Mr. Loddiges, in June laft. As many living fpecimens 
were brought from America laft year, by Mr. Lyons, and 
have been difperfed by his fale, this Hydrangea will foon 
become common, mould it fortunately be found to refift the 
cold of our winters ; but being a native of Florida, where it 
was firft difcovered by Mr. William Bartram, it may pro- 
bably require the prote&ion of a greenhoufe. 

In its native foil it is found growing in clumps, on the 
banks of rivers ; putting out many ftcms from the fame root, 
five or fix feet high, and fpreading itfelf greatly on all fides 
by offsets. Mr. Bartram defcribes the flowers as being at" 
firft of a crimfon colour, changing more purple with age, and 
finally turning brown, but not falling off. In our plant and 
in another we faw at Mr. Hibbert's, the flowers were white 
wiih a grecnifh tinge when young. 




P&* • I V,V«/- P«; IJbH* FX.^m ^ 






[ 976 ] 

Stachytarpheta Mutabilis. 
Changeable Starpheta. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character, 

Cal. tubulofus, 4-dentatus, fovea pedunculi nidulans. Cor. 
hypocrateriformis, insequalis, 5-fida, curva. Stam. 4. 2-fterilia. 
Sem. 2. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STACHYTARPHETA mutabilis ; foliis ovatis ferratis ru- 

gofis cauleque fubincanis, bra&eis 

lanceolatis calyce brevioribus. Vahl 

Enum. p. 208. 
ZAPANIA mutabilis. Lam. Illuft. Gen. p. 59. 
VERBENA mutabilis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 115. Jacq. Coll. 

2. />. 334. Jc Rar. Vent. Jard. 

Malm. 36. Mart. Mill. Dift. a. 4. 
CYMBURUS mutabilis. Parad. Lond. 49. 
SHERARDIA Teucriifolio, flore coccineo. Vaill. Sex. p. 49. 
VERBENA Orubica, Teucriifolio, Primulae veris flore. Herm. 

Prodr. p. 388. 
VERBENA Americana flore coccineo fpicato. Breyn. Prod. 

2. p. 104. 



Stem woody at the lower part, branches four-cornered, 
villous. Leaves oppofite, petiolcd, egg-fhaped, fawed, very 
£ u gofe and downy on the under fide. Flowers produced in 
'pikes, which lengthen as the flowers open. Calyx comprefTed, 
minutely four-toothed, longer than the bra&es, embedded in 
f. n ^he excavated in the fpike. Corolla tubular, funnel-fhapcd : 
lla ib five-lobed, fomewhat irregular. 



The genus Verbena as it formerly flood was divided into 
two feEtions, the one containing fuch fpecies as have only two 
ftamens and two feeds, the other thofe with four ftamens and 
four feeds. But as thefe plants differ alfo in their inflorefcence 
and other refpe&s, they have of late been properly feparated ; 
for, as Mr. Salisbury remarks, not two plants in the fame 
natural order can be more diftinct than the prefent one and 
Verbena officinalis* Plants differing in genus muft neceffarily 
be diftinguifhed by different generic names ; and we have, 
without attempting to defend it, adopted that already eftablifhed 
by Vahl in his Enumeratio Plantarum, rather than encourage 
any further innovation. If Englifh tongues fhould hefitate at 
its length, we have fhewn them how it may be corrupted 
without much injury, for in truth, even to the moft learned, 
a word fignifying a crowded-fpike or a boat's-tail (Cymburus) 
can convey no idea whatever of the plant. From right of 
priority the name of Sherardia fhould have been reftored, 
and a new one applied to the Sherardia of Linnaeus; but 
the confufion occafioned by fuch changes is ever to be de- 
plored. 

A native of South-America, and with us an inhabitant of 
the Move. Flowers throughout the fummer. Is propagated 
by cuttings. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by the 
Comteffe de Vandes, in May laft : we have been fince 
favoured with a fine fpecimen, by Mr. Woodiord, of 
Springwell. 



[ 977 ] 
Magnolia Pum-ila. Dwarf Magnolia. 

Clqfs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

Generic Char after. 

CaJ. 3-phylIus. Petala 6— -9. Cap/. 2-valves imbricatae. Sew. 
baccata, pendula. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

MAGNOLIA pumila; floribusglobofishexapetalisnutantibus, 

foliis ellipticis utrinque acuminatis undulatis. 
MAGNOLIA pumila. Bat. Rep. 226. 



As no author has given us any information refpeBing the 
fruit of the Chinefe Magnolias, it is impoffible to afcertain 
whether they really belong to this genus or not. We have 
been informed that fome Botanifts in Madrafs, confidering this 
plant as a new genus, named it Gwillimia in honour of 
Lady Gwillim, the patronefs of the fcience in that Prefi- 
dency ; but as it cannot be feparated from Magnolia, unlefs 
the fruit mould be found ta be different, we do not feel our- 
felves at liberty to adopt the alteration, though defirous of 
paying-every refpeQ to this amiable lady. 

The flowers, though unfortunately of very fhort duration, 
are fo powerfully fragrant, that a fingle one will perfume a 
whole apartment, in the evening. To fome perfons however 
the fcent is not agreeable. 

Said to have been introduced by the late Mr. Siater, to 
whom we are indebted for fo many of the curious plants of 
China. The firft we remember to have feen was imported 
from thence by Mr. Evans, of the Eaft-lndia-Houle. 

In the ftove it is an evergreen fhrub, but appears to be 
naturally deciduous, and is better preferved in the greenhoufe, 
or perhaps may foon be as much naturalized to our climate, 
as the M ag x o l 1 a glauca. 




Tub 



m 




s 



trbbt, %S?Gm 



sctdp. 



C 978 1 

Allium Roseum (3). Rose-Coloured 
Garlic. 

#$$♦♦#♦ ft ♦ iJ H j HM ♦ » ty » ♦ 

C/^/j ^«i Order n 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

G*»mV Characler.—Vid. N" m - 869. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM rofeum ; foliis attenuato-loratis, leviflime concavis, 

fcapo tereti brevioribus; floribus umbellatis, ma- 
juiculis; laciniis ovato oblongis, patentibus; fta- 

minibus ipfis duplo brevioribus, fubulatis. G. 
ALLIUM rofeum. Sp.Pl.2.432. Mill. Ditf.g. Hort.Kew. 

1. p. 423. Viliars Dauph. 2. 253. D'Ajfo Stirp. 

Arrag. 43. n. 300 (Ajo di Culebra). Desfont. Fl. 

At I. 1. 287. Lam. et Decand. Flor. Franc, v. 3. 

p. 221. n. 1957. Br otero Flor. Lujit. 1. 547, 

mild. Sp. PL 2. 68. 
ALLIUM caule planifolio umbellifero, umbella faftigiata, 

filamentis fimplicibus bah* dilatatis. Ger. Prov. 

150. Gonan. Hort. 166. 
ALLIUM fol. enfiformibus, radice bulbillis ftipata, floribus 

amplis umbellatis. Sauv. Monf. 42. 
ALLIUM fylveftre feu Moly minus, rofeo amplo flore. Magn, 

Monf p. 11. t. 10. Rudb. Elyf 2. 166. fig. 17. Quer 

Flor. Ffpan. 2. 232. n. VII. 
W Bulbo bulbillis numerofis fupra ftipato. G. 
\P) Scapo bulbifero. Desfont. Cat. Hort. Paris. G. 



This ornamental fpecics is a pretty general inhabitant of 
,e lomhern parts of Europe, and recorded in the various 
L0Ras of Spain, Portugal, Italy and France. Desfon- 
aines found it in the Algerine territory ; he alfo men- 
° w the prefent variety in bis catalogue of the Parifian 

garden. 



garden. Cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller, in 1752. The 
flowers are often of a deeper rofe-colour than in the prefent 
fpecimen. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. Loddiges. 

The ufual fubdivifion of this genus into bulbiferous and 
capfuliferous is by no means to be relied on ; we frequently fee 
fpecimens of the fame fpecies capfuliferous under fome circum- 
ftances and bulbiferous under others, nor do we doubt of this 
being the cafe with the greater part, if not all of them. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 953, I. 9, pro *« fubcylindraceo, multifloro, conferto," lege " fub- 
cylindracea, multiflora, conferra." 

No. 971, 1. 9, poft «* poteft," dele punclum. 

No, 972, 1. 12, pro " 102," lege " 2." 




harlnU Put try T('h 



[ 979 ] 

Aloe Lingua (a). Narrow-Leaved 
Tongue Aloe. 

Clafs and Order. 

HEXANDRIA MoNOGYNrA. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 765. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE Lingua ,- (acaulis y curvifiora) foliis diftichis, bafi 
imbricato-conduplicantibus, linguaeformibus, pun&ulis 
inftar araneae cuticulae pruinatis, variegatis ; corolla 
fubampullacea, laciniis breviter coalitis. G. Vid.Jupra 
N um ' 838, ubi adjicienda fynonyma fequentia 

ALOE africana flore rubro, folio maculis ab utraque parte 
notato. Knorr The/. Rei Herb, v. 3. A. t. 14. Comm. 
Hort. Amft. 2. 15. t. 8. 

ALOE africana maculata flore rubro, fecunda fpecies. Weinm. 
Phyt. Icon. t. 57. 

ALOE africana foliis linguam vitulinam exprimentibus. 
Sabbat. Hort. Rom. 6. t. 71. (Aloe a lingua di vitello). 

(P) foliis latioribus obfcurius variegatis. G. 

ALOE obliqua. Jacq. Hort. Schcenb. 4. /. 

ALOE nigricans. Haworth Linn. Tranf. 7. 13. 



For our obfervations on this fpecies fee above, No. 838. 
w ty the flowers are defcribed as " ere&i" in raoft books, we 
ar e at a lofs to fay. G. 



XTpo 




■.anlr.ll Tub h TiM 



[ 98o ] 

Jasminum Simplicifolium. Simple- 
Leaved Jasmine. 

Clafs and Order, 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-dentatus, vel 5 — 8-fidus. Cor. hypocrateriformis, 
$ — 8-fidus. Bacca 2-cocca, vel 2-locularis. Sem. folitaria. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

JASMINUM fimplicifolium ; foliis ovatis acuminata venofo- 
ncrvofis, calycibus glabris laciniis fubulatis, 
pedunculis terminalibus trichotomis. 

JASMINUM fimplicifolium ; foliis oppofitis ovato-lanceolatis 
fimplicibus, pedunculis terminalibus trichotomis. 
Roth in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 135. 

JASMINUM fimplicifolium ,• foliis ovatis acuminatis, caly- 
cibus glabris laciniis fubulatis. Vahl Enum. v. 1. 
p. 27. 

JASMINUM fimplicifolium ; foliis oppofitis ovato-lanceolatis. 
Forft. Prod. 3. n. 7. 

JASMINUM fimplicifolium. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 38. exclufo 
fynonymo Burmanni. 



When Forster defcribed his J asminum fimplicifolium, he 

lcl not know of any other fpecies with fimple leaves, ex- 

*Pt the SambciC) which was at that time referred to the genus 

yctanthes. Several have been fince difcovered, and it 

x* n ^. w no ea fy matter to diftinguifh them from one another. 

' " £N yENAT flattered himfelf that he had found a charac- 

P e culiar to one of the fpecies, and accordingly applied to it 

the 



the name of geniculatum ,• but our friend Mr. Konig obferves 
in the fecond volume of the Annals of Botany, page 358, 
that a geniculated footftalk is common to the whole of them, 
and (hews that they are fimple-leaved from abortion only, and 
confequently liable to become compound. 

We have examined a native fpecimen from the Friendly 
Ifles, in the Bankfian Herbarium, and fee no reafon to 
doubt but that our plant is the fame. 

Communicated by Mr. Whitley, Old-Brompton, who 
had it originally from the late Duke of Portland's, at 
Bulftrode. 

Cultivated in the ftove, and may be propagated by cuttings. 
Flowers in June and July. 



C 981 ] 

Androsace Lactea. Grass-Leaved 
Androsace. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Characlen — Vide N um - 868. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. ^-Fide N um - 868. 



We have to beg the indulgence of the Subfcribers to the 
Botanical Magazine, for having here given a fecond figure of 
the fame plant, an overfight which unfortunately was not de- 
tected until the whole of the impreffion was worked off, and 
the greater part coloured. 

The prefent drawing, being made from a more vigorous 
plant, and further advanced, has the advantage of fhewing the 
lhape of the feed-veffels, and confirms our former obferva- 
tion, that the number of leaflets of the involucre correfponds 
with that of the pedicles. 

Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, from his Botanic 
garden, Brompton. 



Wosi 




^AEJtoatjfte. Tub hi ',' ' I /■///.(• '"/.--. \'Yli-fHi- Do- J l&'fr 



:> 



[ 982 ] 
Epacris Grandiflora. Crimson Epacris. 

^M wii $ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ b% - mn e 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

CaL imbricatus. Cor. l-petala, tubulofa. Stam. fauce inferta. 
Germ. cinftum fquamulis 5. Cap/. 5-locularis, 5-valvis : val- 
vulis medio feptiferis. Sem. plurima, acerofa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EPACRIS grandiflora ; foliis petiolatis ovatis acuminatis pun- 
genribus patentibus, corollis cylindricis pendulis : 
laciniis pluries tubo brevioribus obtufiufculis. 

EPACRIS grandiflora; fruticofa, foliis ovatis acuminatis mu- 
cronatis recurvatis, floribus axillaribus. Ifilld. 
Sp. PL 1. p. 834. 

EPACRIS grandiflora; foliis cordatis pungentibus recurvatis 
petiolatis, floribus pendulis. Smith Exot. Bot. 39. 

EPACRIS longiflora. Cav. Ic. v. 4. p. 25. t. 344. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, woolly, branches long, draggling. 
Leaves evergreen, alternate, fubi rubricate, fomewhat egg- 
fhaped, rounded at the bafe and drawn out at the point into 
a rigid, iharp, coloured mucro, not really beart-fhaped (al- 
though by being a little bent at the infertion of the fhort fiat 
footftalk they fometimes appear fo) patent, not recurved ex- 
cept when very young. Flowers axillary, iolitary, pendulous, 
fcentlefs. Peduncles fhort, recurved, with two or three minute 
adpreffed brades. Calyx imbricated at the bafe, but ter- 
minated in five regular, lance-fhapcd leaflets. Corolla tubular: 
tube five times longer than the calyx, cylindrical, a little 
curved, crimfon except towards the tip, which, with the limb, 
ls white: Limb expanded, divided into five fegments, obtufe 

with 



with a litttle point. Stamens five, filaments very fhort, inferted 
near the upper extremity of the tube : anthers oblong, brown ; 
pollen white. Germen globofe, with five furrows : ftyle the 
length of the tube : fligma globular, green. 

This beautiful Epacris was fent us in bloffom, by Mr. Lod- 
dices, in May laft ; the firft time pet haps that it has been feen 
in Europe. It fe,ems to be the freeft grower of any of the 
fpecies that we have feen, and may be propagated by layers as 
well as from feeds. 




I°y$3 



ifyJEjwuiitM JBub bZGirlv,Sttkc:Crcfcnl-J~aTUlJ£C7. I'San/. 



C 983 ] 

Marica Californica. Yellow- 
Flowered Marica. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 654 Sc 701. 

O B S . Recliusforet Sisyrinchium cum hoc gene re unllum . G . 

Specific Character. 

MARICA californica; foliis Iineari-enfatis, planis ; fcapo 
fimpliciflimo, foliiformi-alato, unifafciculato ; co- 
rolla explanata, laciniis obovato-pblongis, fubas- 
qualibus, muticis ; filamentis tsntum bafi coalitis ; 
antheris incumbenter verfatilibus ; ftigmatibus 
fetiformibus, fiffura fumma obliqua, glandulofo- 
puberula. G. 



Descr. Herb perennial. Root fibrous. Leaves fcveral, 
«iftich, edges oppofite, from one to near two feet high, about 
half an inch broad ; linear-enfiform, ftriatulate. Scape cen- 
trical, foliaceous, round and alately ancipital, quire fiinple, 
longer than leaves, curved, terminated by a lanceolate, com- 
prefTed, many-flowered fafcicle of navicular, conduplicatc, 
one.fl owere( j valve s % the outer one a general involucre. Pedicles 
""form, length of the valves, blowers many in fucceflion, 
decaying by rolling inwards, foon dropping off; of a uniform 
yellow colour, fcentlefs. Corolla explanate, fegments obovate- 
oblong, obtufe, inner ones fomething narrower. Fila- 
™ en / s more than twice fhorter than thefe, [landing on a 
"eihy receptacle, fafcicled, upright, fubulate, (lightly connate 
at tne ir bafe. Anthers orange-coloured, linear-fagittate, in- 
eumbent, balancing. Germen green, oval, prifmatic. Stigmas 
e »iorm, diverging, with a glandularly roughened oblique 

f] flu re 



fiffure at their fummit, equal to ftamens, longer than their 
ftyle. Capfule. about the fize of a hazel nut, oblong, triquetral, 
bluntly angular, nodulofe ; feeds numerous, roundilh, not 
much larger than thofe of muftard. 

In an eflay on this natural order, publifhed in the 
Annals of 'Botany, we fo far yielded to eftablifhed fe&ions, 
as to continue Sisyrinchium di{tin£t from the prefent 
genus ; but we are now fully perfuaded, that there exifts too 
great a coincidence of character and habit among their mutual 
fpecies to require, or even admit of, fuch feparation, at leaft 
according to our notions of generic boundary. 

The fubjeft of this article is a native of the coaft of Cali- 
fornia, from whence it was imported, according to a note in the 
Bankfian Herbarium, fome years ago, by Mr. A. Menzies. 

A hardy greenhoufe plant, blooms in the autumn, and is 
propagated with eafe both by feed and parting the roots. 

In the third volume of the invaluable Sketches of Mr. 
Francis Bauer, we found a drawing of the whole vegetable, 
without name, but accompanied by a highly magnified dif- 
feftion of the parts of fruclification. It was here that we firft 
noticed the cohefion of the flamens at their bafe, a circum- 
ftance that had entirely efcaped us, while examining the flowers 
with the naked eye, at Mr. Salisbury's botanic garden, 
where our drawing was made. 

The prima facie likenefs between this vegetable, and the 
Sisyrinchium convolution of Redoute's Liliacees is very 
remarkable ; but that has a round branched fcape, and is faid 
to be a native of the Cape of Good Hope. G. 




MmxifWf 



C 984 ] 

ASPHODELUS FlSTULOSUS. OnION-LeAVED 

Asphodel. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. — Fid. N um - 799. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ASPHODELUS fifiulofus ; radicibus fibrofis ; foliis fabfiftu- 
lofis, obtufe fubtriquetris, longinque attenu- 
atis, ftriatis, fcabridiufculis, ftricliufculis. G. 

ASPHODELUS fijlulofus. Linn. Sp. 444- Gartn. Fmcl. 1. 
68. /. 17./. 1. Hort.Kew. 1. 44 7. Cav.lc.%. 
t. 202. Decand. et Lam. LI. Franc. 3. 204. 
n. 1906. Brot. Flor. Lufit. 1. 525. Desf. FL 
All. 1. 303. /^'//.V. ty. /V. 2. 133. 

ASPHODELUS minor. C//^ //{/?. 197. «<w &. 

ASPHODELUS foliis fiftulofis. Baub. Pin. 29. 

Gamoncillos. Valentinis. Cebolla de Culebra. Granatenfibus. 

(«) qaule ramofo. G. 

iy) caulc fimplici. G. 



Descr. Root flefhily fibrous, perennial ; leaves many, tufted, 
ambient, ereQ, fubfiftulofe, bluntly triquetral, far-acuminate, 
ftriated, fomewhat rough ; ftem central, about two feet high, 
lo nger than the leaves, upright, divergently branched, panicled, 
°r limple, flefhy, naked ; inflorcjccnce racemofe ; corolla ex- 
planate, fegments lanceolately oblong ; filaments fubclavatc, 
divergent, alternate ones fhorter ; on broad membranous fhaggy 
cafes, which meeting together enclofe and adapt themfelves to 
the gcrmen ; Jligmas capitellate ; capjules coriaceous, tranfverfely 
Crinkled, about as big as a pea; feeds brown, two in each cell, 
one often abortive, oblong, triquetral, attenuated downwards. 

A native 



A native of Provence, Greece, the coaft of Barbary, Spain 
and Portugal. By Miller and other cultivators, it has been 
miftaken for an annual plant, owing to its dying in the open 
ground during our winters ; but is truly perennial, and 
may be preferved in a common greenhoufe, if removed 
early in the autumn, when it will ripen the feed abundantly. 
Seems now to be afcarce plant, though cultivated by Gerard 
fo far back as 1596. Blooms from July to O&ober. 

Our drawing was made from the Nurfery of MefTrs. Gibbs 
and Co. Nurferymen, at Brompton. G. 




( r./ t ,nr ,'tirt JJdOd ± .i.„</,-m .aulfi. 



C 985 ] 

Helonias Virginica. Virginian 
Helonias. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, rotata, aequali-s bafi ftamU 
nigera, perfiftens. Slam, fetacea, divergentia. Fiji, oblongum, 
tricocco-trigonum, ex ftylis fligmatofis perfiftentibus fubulatis 
recurvis cuique lobo cominuis triroftris. Cap/. 3, mem- 
branaceas, oblongo-ovatae, rollratee, deorfum junfctae, introrfum 
dchifcentes. Sem. pauca, biferialia, fitu erefta, ex rotundioribus 
varie preffa, modo complanata, alata. G. 



lonaupiicatjfia, rarius lanceolata, perraro angujrijjimajcariya-n^mi» u, r ,<. 
confertim numero/ij/tma. Caulis /olio/us vel modo luxe fquamatus ; inflortfcentia 
fimpliciter jub/pieatimvel ereclo-raeemo/a atquc con/erta, vel compo/to-racemo/a 
laxaque, membranaceo-brafieolaia. Corolla tandem cariaceo-tenax. _ In qui- 
bufdam racemi floribus prik/cit -eel deefl cmnino pi/lillum, inde, fi vis, genus 
P^gamum-. — Nee alius generis YeRATEUM. G . 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS virginica; caule villofo, pyramidatim panicu- 
lato ; floribus laxe racemofis, laciniis ungui- 
culatis, fpathulatis, exms inferius puberulis ; 
laminis ovatis, bafi glandula didyma depreffa 
notatis ; ftaminibus per totos ungues adnatis, 
ere&is, confle&enter aflurgentibus. G. 

MELAXTHIUM virginicum. Linn. Sp. PL 483. Gron.Virg. 
55. Hort. Kezv. 1. 488. Mart. Mill. Diet. 
J. am. Encyc. 4. p. 24. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 266. 
Micbaux Flor. Bor-Amcr. 2. 251. 

ASPHODELUS elatior floridanus gramineis foliis, floribus 
parvis ex herbaceo-pallefccmibus. Pink. Amalth. 

40. /. 434. /. 8. . 

A native 



A native of the moift meadows of Pennfylvania and Caro- 
lina. Cultivated by Mr. Miller in 1768. At prefent rather 
a fcarce plant ; hardy ; will grow in any moift border of light 
mould ; feldom feeds, and is not eafily multiplied by parting 
the roots. Generally kept in a pot with Alpine plants. The 
drawing was made at Mr. Loddiges's. 

Bartram (according to a note on his fpecimen in the 
Bankfian Herbarium) fays it grows in America to the height 
of five feet, and obferves, that the flowers which are at firft 
cream-coloured become red as they decay; Mr. Loddiges 
has remarked the fame. Mtchaux mentions it as attaining 
the length of only two or three feet ; why he thinks the above 
fynonym from Pluknet's work does not agree, we cannot 
conceive, unlefs he has fome other plant in view. This fpecies 
alone is fufficient to difturb the ferenity of the ftouteft Linnean; 
fince from recorded varieties its prefence is required in three 
different orders and claffes ; by fome it has been obferved to 
belong to Hexandria Trigynia, as having all hermaphrodite 
flowers, by others to Polygamia Moncecia, the flowers being 
hermaphrodites mixed with males ; and again by another, to 
Dicecia Hexandria, as having all female flowers on one plant 
and all male on another. 

We ourfelves have never yet met with any plant of the genus 
that was Dioecious nor one which had all hermaphrodite 
flowers. Why fhould Veratrum be kept diftinct ? G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 747, 1. 7, pro ** fexpartita," lege " partita." 

No. 748, p. 2, 1. 2, for " three pulvinately," read " pulvinately.' 

No. 803, 1. 24, for •• of thofe," read « as the Calixes*" 



J°f6 




JrJ£j»#nir JUL Tub try T.furhs, J*6tv: Cftfon? JanuidOf F. fan/™ **Jp- 



[ 986 ] 
Iris Lurida. Dingy-Coloured Flag. 

Vid. N os - 669 & 787 : in ultimo loco ad quartam lineam 
pro " involutim," lege " revolutim ;" deque obfervationis 
quarta, dele " perraro." G. 

That the reprefentation of a Genus, on which we have 
already dwelt fo much, may be as complete as we can make 
it, we offer another plate of this fpecies, the colouring of that 
before publifhed (No. 66g) not being fufficiently characleriftic 
of the plant. 

We take this opportunity of arranging fuch fpecies as have 
come to our knowledge. 

IRIS. 

Specierum Synthesis. 
Radix rbizoma elongatum, crajfum, foh'dum, borizontaliter pro- 
crefcens g folia enfiformia> dijlicha aciebus adverfis. G. 

Imberbes*. 

pfeud-Acorus. Engl Bot. tab. 578. 

ochroleuca. Supra tab. 61. I. tripolitana. Cluf. Hifi. 227. ?< 
orientalis. Vahl Enum. 2. 127. 
halophila. Supra tab. 875. 
fpuria. Supra tab. 58. 
fatidiffima. Engl. Bot. tab. 596. 
graminea. Supra tab. 681. 
enfata. Vahl Enum. 2. 148. 

kiglumis. Pall. It. 3. App. 26. tab. C.f. 1. Herb. Bank/. 
tenuifolia. Pall. It. 3. p. 714. tab. C.f. 2. Herb. Bank/. 
ventricofa. Pall. lt.$. p. 712. tab. B.f.i. Herb. Bankf. 
fibirica. Supra tab. 50. 
virginica. Supra tab. 703. 
verficolor. Supra tab, 21. 

verna. Vahl Enum. 2. 147. Eluk. Phyt. tab. 196. /. 6. 
unguicularis. Vahl Enum. 2. 143. ftylofa. Desf. Fl. All i. 
tab. 5. 

Barbate**. 
Jufiana. Supra tab. 91. 
criftata. Supra tab. 412. 
pumila. Supra tab. 9. 

•utefcens. Vahl Enum. 2. 134. 

arenaria. 



arena ria. K'ttaib. PL Rar. Hung, 3. tab, 220. 

flavifiima. J acq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 220. 

biflora. Vahl Enum. 2. 132. I. latif. xxii. CluJ. Hiji, 222. Ic. 

variegata. Supra tab. 16. 

lurida. Supra tab. 669 & 986. 

fambucina*. Supra tab. 187, & var. fqualens, tab. 787. 

japonica. Vahl Enum. 1. 129. 

bengalenfis. Ic. Pi ft. PL Seng, v. 1. /. 11. in Bib!. Bank/. 

florentina. Supra tab. 671. 

germanica. Supra lab. 670. 

bohemica. Schmidt Fi'or. Bohem, 

pallidal". Supra tab. 685. 

aphylla. Supra tab. 870, cujus varietates funt I. Swertii alque 

plicata Vahl Enum. 2. 130, 131. 
flexuofa. Vahl Enum. 2. 131. 

dichotoma. Pall. It. 3. p. 712. ta£. A. f. 2. //<»r3. Z?j«£/". 
chinenfis. Supra tab. 373. (Vix ex genuinis barbatis). 

Imberbes. 

Radix rhizonia fubbulb (forme ; folia quadrangula. G. 
tuberofa. Supra tab. 531. 
Radix bulbus tuni.alus ; folia canaliculaia. G. 
xiphioides. . Supra tab. 687. 
Xiphium. Supra tab. 686. 

hifitanica. Supra tab. 679. juncea. Brot. PL Luf. ? 
juncea. Vahl. Enum. 2. 145. Plant a Tourneforlii et Poireti ; 
ab infeqttenti tamen diflincla fails. Exemplar nat't- 
vum ejl videndum in Herb. D. Lambert. 
mauritanica. Nobis. — Cluf. Cur. Pofi. 24. juncea. Desf. Fl. 
At 1. 1. 4. Hitjus quoque fpccimcnfpontaneum habet 
D. Lambert. 
microptera. Vahl Enum. 2. 142. fcorpioides. Desf.Fl.Atl> 
tab. 6. Nobis in Ann. Bat. vol. 1. p. 24^ 
Diff'crt infequenti laciniis minoribus ereclis. G. 
alata. Lam. Diet. 3. Q03. Cluf. Hiji. zio.f.i. tranftagana. 

Brot. Fl.Luf. 1. 52. ? 
perfica. Supra tab. 1. Prope Aleppo a Ruffe I deteila >• pracc- 
denti vix difcriminanda, G. 

Obs. Qua; fuperfunt Vahlianze fpecies (excepta inter incertas 
tripetala. Walt.) Mor.eis adnumeranciae. G. 

* II, re cfl gen ulna Linrtccana fqualens, cujus evldcnfiffnia variety f 
Hort. Kew. Wilid. Sp. PI. et aliorum ; conjunximus ergo y abrogato L^' 
vaatiQ nomine fqualentis. G. Vid. A' u;n - 685. 

t Mac ports vera Limuci fambucina; licet fua fqualens tamanit r \ 
t ant if que viris pro ijla data fit . Hand credidimus quid rem uthiter rejartu 
fuf'cmus prifcis reconcmnandU titulis. G. Vid. A u «• 685. 




Ww 




C 987 ] 

Cortusa Matthioli. Bear's-Ear 
Sanicle. 

***** * ****** * ****** 

C/o/jr aW Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis : fauce annulo elevate Cap/. 1- 
locularis, ovalis, apice 5-valvi, polyfperma. Receptac./em. 
columnare, liberum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CORTUSA Matthioli ; calycibus corolla brevioribus. $p. 

PL 206. Reich. 1. 413. Willd. 1. 807. Hort. 

Cliff. 50. Allion. Aft. Helv. 4. />. 271. Fl. Fed. 

n. 340. /. 5. /. 3. Krock. Sile/. n. 297. G<ert. 

Fruft. v. 1. p. 231. /. 50. Mattufch. Sit. /. 1. ». 

126. //or/, ifcw. l.p. 194. JVulf. in J acq. Icon. 

Rar. 32. Colleft. 1. />. 236. Mar/. Mill. Did. 

Bot. Repof. t. 1. Eju/dem Recenf. 12. Gmel.Sib. 

4. />. 79. 
CORTUSA. Afa//k Comment. 698. Compend. 653. J. Ba«&, 

////?. 3. />. 499. Dalech. 1269. Raii Hifi. 1084. 
CARIOPHYLLATA Veronen/mm flore /anicuU urjime. Lob. 

Adv. 309. O^ 397. 7<ro«. 699. Camcr. Herb. 

337. Epitom. 728. Boerh. Ind. Alt. 1. p. 206. 

7/m//. Parad. 129. 
SANICULA montana five Cortufa Matthioli. C/«/. Pj«. 443. 

///)?. 1. 306 £f? 307. Tabern. 248. G^r. 645./. 3 

&? 4. jEwar. 788. /. 8. yW:. 533*/. 4- &*»*• 

Pi*. 243. Aforj/: H//7. % 2. ;>. 558. /. 5. /. 24. 
fig. nit. et penult. 
AURICULA URSI laciniata, five Cortufa Matthioli, flore 

rubro. Tourn. Infi. 121. 



This plant, though not unknown to Botanifts fince the days 
oiMatthiolus, and cultivated in this country, by Gerard, 

above 



above two hundred years ago, appears to have been at all 
times rare. It was named by Matthiolus after his friend 
Cortusus, Profefibr of Botany at Padua, who firft discovered 
it in the Valle-Stagna, in the territory of Vicenza. It has 
been found alfo in the mountains of Carinthia, Stiria, and 
Silefia, and more plentifully by Allioni in Piedmont; but 
its mod natural habitation appears, from Gmelin's account, to 
be to the eaftward of the Yenifei iri Siberia. Although figures 
of this plant occur fo frequently in the older authors, yet, 
before that of Allioni we have obferved only three original 
ones, thofe of Matthiolus, Clusius, and the diminutive 
one of Camerarius, to which la ft is added a leaf and de- 
tached flower of the natural fize from Gesner. 

There occurs not a little contradiction in the different 
defcriptions given of this plant. The fegments of the calyx 
are figured by Allioni as three-toothed, and his char after 
has been adopted in the latter editions of the Genera Plantarum ; 
but, according to our obfervation, they are fimply acute and 
not reflected at the point. The corolla is generally faid to be 
wheel-ihaped, but is better defcribed by Gartner as funnel- 
fhaped j the tube is the length of that of the calyx, and gra- 
dually widens upwards. The latter author fays the faux is 
naked, while by Linn/eus and Jussieu this part is faid to be 
furnifhed with a ring ; we have found a membranous ring, 
formed as appears to us by the coalefcence of the filaments, 
Gartner dcfcribes the capfule as two-valved, with valves often 
bifid at the point, but according to all other authors, and even 
his own figure, it divides into five fegments. 

This plant is recorded by Matthiolus to poffefs a virtue, 
which, though of little ufe to the mountain nymph, may per- 
haps recommend it to the notice of the pale-faced belles 
of crowded cities : the leaves applied to the cheeks, and 
Ihortly removed, occafion a beautiful colour, refembling 
that from the fineft rouge, which after fome time difappears 
without injury to the fkin. 

The fpecific chara&er was formed to diflinguifh it from 
Cortusa Gmelint, which however, according to Gartner, 
is a true Androface. 

Is a hardy perennial ; requires a fhady and moift fituation. 
Flowers in May and June, Communicated by Mr. Lod dices, 



jttjss 




%i£j«*AU. Pub.hv T&rUt, Ja 



an. j. Iff?. T.J\*A» 



C 988 ] 

Salvia Forskohlei. Forskohl's Sage. 
f j $ $ ft ft ^^jHfHMHMHNt ft-ft-ft 

Cifo/} <2//<i Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cal. fubcampanulatus, 2-labiatus : Iabio fuperiore tridentato. 
Cor. ringens. Filam. tranfverfe pedicello affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

SALVIA Forjkohlei s foliis lyrato-auriculatis, caule fubaphyllo, 
corollge galea bifida. Linn. Mant. p. 26. Vahl, 
Enum. ft. p. 275. Etling. Salv. n. 45. IVilld. Sp. 
PL 1. p. 151. Reich. 1. />. 72. 

SALVIA £/)?<&,. foliis radicalibus haftato-lyratis dentatis hif- 
pidis. Forjk. Defc. p. 202. 

SALVIA Forjkalei. Sibth. Fl. Gr<ec. 21. Bonn. Cant. p. 7. 

SCLAREA orientalis, folio fubrotundo, flore magno, partim 
albo, partim purpurafcente. kourn. Cor. 10. ex auft* 
Sibth. 



When Linnaeus publifhed his third edition of the Species 
Plantarum, he had afcertained only thirty-two fpecies of S.age. 
In Prof. Martyn's elaborate edition of Miller's Dictionary, 
tnis number is increa fed to feventv-nine ; and the much la- 
mented V i a l has ©numerated and defcribed no lefs than one 
hundred and thirty-feven fpecies. This may ferve as an in- 
stance of the prodigious acceflion that has been of late years 
jpade to the mm er of known vegetables, chiefly by the re- 
searches of Botanifts m diftant parts of the world. 

This Sage is confidered as a hardy perennial, it will be 
Prudent however to preferve fome plants from the feverity 
°* our winters by artificial protection. It is a native of the 
Levant, where it was firft difcovered by Tournstort, and 

after 



after him by Forskohl; was introduced into our gardens, 
according to Mr. Don n, about the year 1800, we fuppofe 
by means of the late Prof. Sibthorpe, who made two voyages 
into Greece for the exprefs purpofe of ftudying the Flora of 
that interefting country, and the fruit of whofe labours is now 
publifhing under the care of Dr. Smith. 

The figure in the Flora Graeca is taken from a much more 
robuft plant, with many whorls and about fix flowers in each; 
but Forskohl defcribes the whorls as two-flowered and ftems 
a foot high, which correfponds better with our figure. Flowers 
in July and Auguft ; propagated by dividing the roots. Com- 
municated by Mr. Loddiges. 




Fym 



hi. Tub. by T. Curtis, J*-Gm.C*rf*m?J#*JJSaf. E->'.,»r.-m ..,*lp. 



C 9*9 1 

Crowea Saligna. Willow-Leaved 
Crowea. 

C/j/} a»i Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Pet. 5, fefiilia. *57rt/». plana, fubulata, pilis 
intertextis connexa. Anth. longitudinaliter filamentis e parte 
interiori adnatae. Stylus e bafi germinis. Cap/. 5, coalitae. 
Sem. arillata. Smith. 

Specific Name and Synony?ns. 

CROWEA faligna. Smith in Linn. Tranf. v. 4. p. 222. 

Dryand. Ann. of Bot. v. 2. p. 520. Bot. Rep of. 

79. Ejufdem Recenf. 25. 
CROWEA faligna ; caule ramifque triquetris, glabris ; foliis 

alternis lanceolatis, integerrimis ; floribus foli- 

tariis, axillaribus. Venten. Malm. 7. 



This genus was eftablifhed by Dr. Smith and named in 
honour of the friend of his youth and early inftruBor in the 
fcience of Botany, James Crowe, Efq. 

We have given M. Ventenat's fpecific character at 
length, for the fake of remarking our furprife that fo good a 
Botanifl mould fall into an error, not uncommon indeed with 
his countrymen, that of giving a fpecific character when the 
genus contains only one known fpecies. The whole purport 
of the fpecific phrafe is to diftinguifh the individual fpecies 
from the reft of the genus, and is of courfe liable to be altered 
upon the difcovery of every new fpecies. It is therefore 
totally inadmiffible, indeed impoffible to be framed to any 
ufeful purpofe, whilft the genus confifts of one known fpecies 
°nly. Some further ftrictures on Mr. Ventenat's account 

of 



of this plant, by our friend Mr. Konig, may be ken in the 
firft volume of Annals of Botany, p. 173. 

The Crowea is a native of New-Holland, and one of the 
handfomeft flowering fhrubs that has been as yet introduced 
from that country. 

Our drawing was made fome years fince in the garden of 
E. J. A. Woodford, Efq. then at Vauxhall. Requires to 
be preferved in the greenhoufe during the winter, but mould 
have plenty of air in mild weather. May be propagated by 
cuttings. Flowers the greateft part of the year. 




«pw*S ■ - 



[ 99° ] 

PSORALEA GLANDULOSA. StRIPED- 

Flowered Psoralea. 
■yffi jt ft $ » ft » » $ » » i j c » ^ »^Hjf4 

C/fo/} «;/^ Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. longitudine leguminis. Statn. diadelpha, Legum. mono- 
fpermum, fubroftratum, evalve. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PSORALEA glandulqfa ,• foliii. ternatis : foliolis ovato-Ianceo- 

latis acuminatis, petiolis fcabris, racemis axil- 

laribus. Willd, Sp. PL v. 3. p. 1349. Syjf, 

Veg. 686. Reich. 3. 543. 
PSORALEA glandulqfa. Sp. PL 1075. Gouan. llluft. p. 50. 

Hort. Kew. 3. 80. Regn. Bot. Mart. Mil/, 

DiiJ. a. 16- 
PSORALEA foliis omnibus ternatis caule ere&o arborefcente, 

pedunculis fpicatis, brafteis minimis ciliatis. 

Arduin. Animadv. 24. f. 11. 
MRBA JOVIS triphylla, flore albo et caeruleo. Feuill. Per. 

7- t. 3. ? 



That our plant is the fame as that of Arduino, Reg- 
JJault, and Gouan, is we think indubitable ; but we cannot 
j> e equally fatisfied with refpefl; to Feuillee's, which is 
jj°th figured and defcribed by him as always having terminal 

,0 ^ers, whereas in ours, they are conftantly axillary. We 
J re the more inclined to doubt the identity of thefe plants 

r °m Gouan's remark that it is a native of Spain and the 

"ands of Majorca and Minorca, as well as of Peru and Chili; 
c ? r ' ucn very diftant habitats, when attributed to the fame fpc- 

Ies i although poffibly correct, are ever to be fufpefted. 

There 



There is, however, in the Bankfian Herbarium, a fpecimen 
from Valparaifo in Chili, having flowers both terminal and 
axillary, which, though not entirely refembling our plant, does 
not afford any characleriftic difference. 

Is to be treated as a greenhoufe flirub ; flowers from May 
to September ; and, whether we regard its foliage or variegated 
blofibms, is one of the handfomeft in the genus. Introduced 
about the year 1770. Is readily propagated by cuttings. 
Communicated by Mr. Whitley, Old-Brompton. 



J- 



QQi 




JyJjfJumt 4 i l'ut> bv TCurtis. , t*ft 



[ 99i ] 
Massonia Corymbosa. Cape Hyacinth, 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cor. infera, regularis, aequalis, erecla, ab hexapeialo-divifa 
recurvata ad diverfimodo tubulofam, limbo fexpartito recurvatim 
ftellatim refracleve patente. Slam, ere&a, hie imis laciniis 
adnata, illic tubum decurrentia. Stylus fetaceo-elongatus. 
Stig. punclum hirtulum, obtufatum, vel obiter trifidum. Cap/. 
membranacea, fcariofo-rigens, fubdiaphana, a parva varie 
ovata acutius trilobo-trigona ad grandem turbinato- vel obovato- 
molendinaceam lobis alatim complanatis. Sem. biferialia, plura, 
globofa. G. 

Obs. Plants tunicate -bulbof a ; fcapus centralis pJerumque fuhterraneus 
indufus, vel fupra terram exjertus ekvatiene adfummum biunciali ; folia hoc 
longiora, communiter gemina oppojita, rarius plura, femel unlcum, carnofa, 
cra JT a , ab angujlifjhnis linear i bus ereclis ad ujque latifjima orbiculato-ovata 
plana bumi adprejj'a : Inflor. erecla y corymbofo-congejia, vel rccemofo-fub- 
capitata, femel unifora ; bracleis de exiguis membranaceis ad magnas, hcrba- 
ceas, lato-Janceolatas, corollas obvallantes. Haud raro produci vidimus pa- 
netem internamflaminigeram ultra limbi bafin, indeque exoriri cyaihum cryjial- 
hno coronatum humore. Stam. plerumque longinque exfrta. Replicnntur 
denuo capfula intus fplendentes valvce. Sem. atra, funiculo filiformi pedicellata. 
Hinc collinet H^MANTHUM, inde BRUNSVIGIAM, per illius pufillam 
•Lachenaliam quoque. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

MASSONIA corymbofa ; foliis linearibus, extus convexis, 

anguftiffimis, ereclis; fcapo exferto his breviore; 

racemo fubcapitato-congefto; corolla hexapetalo- 

divifa, turbinato-campanulata, recurvo-patula; 

ftaminibus fubinclufis, alternis brevioribus ; 

bracleis minutis. G. 
HYACINTHUS corymbofus. Linn. Mant. 223. fbunb.Prod.Pl. 

cap. 64. J acq. Coll. 3. 230. tab. ig.f. 2. Mart. 

Mill. Did. Bot. Rep. tab. 345. IVilld. Sp. PL 

2. 168. 

A native 



A native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it was found 
by Mr. Masson, whofe fpecimens are to be feen in the 
Bankfian Herbarium. Not enumerated in the Hortus Kewen/ts. 
The drawing was made from an imported plant fent us by 
Mr. Williams, of Turnham-Green, who is, we believe, the 
only perfon that has it in this country. 

Descr. Root a tunicated Bulb, about the fize of a cherry ; 
leaves three to fix, three to four inches high, fuberect, very nar- 
row, linear, thick, fleihy, concave inwards, outwards convex, 
purple-red at their bafe ; Scape coloured, roundifh, at laft 
nearly twice Ihorter than thofe ; raceme few-manyflowered, 
capitately heaped ; pedicles adprefTed, upright, ihorter than 
corolla, longer than the fmail bracles ; corolla turbinately cam- 
panulate, hexapetaloufly parted, of a palifh rofe-colour, with 
fix deep violet itreaks, fcentlefs ; fegments about half an inch 
long, oblong-lanceolate, recurved upwards, converging down- 
wards cylindrically, bafe narrow, gibbofely angular; inner 
fegments unguiculate with a fomewhat broader lamina ; ftamens 
fetiform, divergently upright, alternately Ihorter, about a third 
ihorter than fegments to which they adhere for about a third or 
fourth of their length ; anthers oblong, fhort, upright ; Jlyk 
upright, flender, attenuated, equal to ftamens ; jligma a glan- 
dularly roughened blunted point ; germen round-ovate, tri- 
gonal ; capfule membranous, fcariofe, tranfparent, ovate, 
trifulcate, fharply triquetral, lobed, pointed ; feeds feveral, 
globular, black. A greenhoufe plant ; blooms in the autumn. G* 

Species. 
corymbofa. Supra tab. 991. 
enfifolia. Supra tab. zzaA ,.„. „ , 
uniflora. Herb. Bank/. } <*!*»**" ' 
anguftifolia. Supra tab. 736. 

undulata. mild. Sp. PI. 2. 28. (pufilla. Herb. Bank/. ?) 
e chin at a. Willd. I. c. 

pauci flora. Dry and. MSS. MuJ. Bank/, quo J "pec. - ferv. 
puftulata. Supra tab. 642. s * 

muricata. Supra tab. 642. 

latifolia. Supra tab. 848. a. (fanguinea. Jacq.Ic. Schceub. 4* H 
coronata. Jacq. Hort. Schcenb. 4. tab. 
obovata. Jacq. I. c. tab. 
longifolia. Jacq. I. c. tab. 
lanceaefolia. Jacq. I. c. tab. 
cordata. Jacq. I. c. tab. 
grandifolia. nobis, (latifolia. Jacq. I. c. tab.) 

Obs. Massonia nodicarpa C. J. Gartn. Sem. v. 3. p. 13. '• l ^' 
f. 1. nee hujus generis ^ fed More mfpecies. G. 

Anne cuncla Jacquimana fpecies mutuofatis inter /e difiincl<£ ? «• 




5 '-r 



Fyyz 



V: 



T (i<r!ix. J' : '(yiT. (re/t-eni fihL\o6 JE£t& 



C 992 ] 

Gladiolus HiRsuTus(a). Leafless-Flowering 

Shaggy Corn-Flag. 

■sH'- -sJH|H|H|Hfr $■ % $> %% %% %% -%■ 

For Generic Character, fee N os - 538 and 566 ; for an ac- 
count of the Species, fee N" m ' 727; and for the other varieties, 
N os - 574 and 823. This flowers in December. G. 

(«) aphyllus ; florigcr foliis totis vaginofis coloratis ; (ierilis 
folio enfato-lineari, firi&iufculo, trincrvio, villofo. Inodorus. 
Precox. G. 

Species. 

Cunonia. Supra tab. 343. (Antholyza.) 

watfonius. Supra tab s - 450, 569. 

quadrangularis. Supra tab. 567. 

permeabilis. De la Roche. Dijf. n. 1. tab. 2. 

viridis. Vahl Enurn. 2. 96. n. 37. Herb. Bank/. 

viperatus. Supra tab. 688. 

alatus. Supra tab. 586. 

namaquenfis. Supra tab. 592. (equitans. Vahl Enurn. 2. 91. n. 28.) 

nirfutus (<F). Supra tab. 57 4, (^823, (13)727, (0)992; £»/«* 

w<°ra varietates merianellus Vahl I. c. 95. //. 

85. et brevifolius cjufd. I. c. 80. n. 8. G. 
verficolor (a). £0/. /&-/>. te£ 19, (.3) >/>ra /rf£. 556, (y) Jacq. 
Ic. Rar. 2. /. 245, {&) quorum prior grandis 
Vahl l.c.Sy. n. 20, pojlremus ejufd. elongatus 
/. c. 81. n. 9. G. 
triftis ( a ). Supra tab. 272. (|3) concolor. Parad. Lond. tab. 8. 
hyalinus. Jacq. I. c. t. 242. 

tenellus. Jacq. L c. t. 248. (,Q) <?>/</. ^//. 4. /. 3/ 1. 
fetifolius. Vahl I. c. 100. «. 46. 

gracilis. S/^ra /#£. 562, (j3) lsevis Vahl I. c 83. n. 13. f 
recurvus. Supra tab. 578. £#<r carinatus Vahl I. c. 82. ;/. 12. 
noftrum quoque erronee in Ann. of Bet. v. 1. 
p. 231. /. 13. G. 
carneus. Supra tab. 591. 
cufpidatus. Supra tab. 582. fw f/ftww genuinus Limwi undu- 

latus. G. 
blandus (*). Supra tab. 625, (/3) 648, ( y ) 645. &fcffl <r^ albido 

trimaculato r/ inflato Vahl I. c. 85. ». 17, 87. 

». 21, 84. ». 15. G. 
a nguftus. &//>ra te£. 602. 

involutus. 



involutus. Be la Roche Biff. n. 2. /. 3. Mill. Ic. /. 286. /. 1. 

hue quoque haftatus Vahl I. c. 86. n. 18. G. 
flexuofus. ftbunt. Diff. de Glad. t. 1./. 1. 
exfeapus. Vahl I. c. 80. n. 7. qui flexuofus Linn. Suppl. 96. 

nee vero Tbunbergii. G. 
undulatus (oc). Supra tab. 647, (j3) 538. 
floribundus. Supra tab. 610. 
Milleri. Supra tab. 632. 
cardiualis. Supra tab. 135. 
byzantinus. Supra tab. 874. 
communis. Supra tab. 86. 

fegetum. Supra tab. 719. (communis Flor. Gr<ec, Sibth. tab. 37.} 
triphyllus*. Sibth. MSS. cujus exemplar in Herb. Bank/, offer- 
vatum eft ; (communis, var. Flor. Grac. Sibth. 
l. 28. /. 38.) 

Obs. 'Reliqua Vahlio enumerates f pedes ad W at 'SON I AM, TritO- 
niam, Babianam, Melasph^lrulam, Sparaxidem, Lapey- 
rousiam ^Anomatkecam funt refpeclive referenda. Fid. Ann. But. 
v. 1. p. 225. cum infequentibus pajjim. G. 



* Differre videtur proximo antecedents anther is filamentis 2 — $plo breviort- 
bus, bulbo ovato-pyramidato plexu fibrojo reticulatim textili teclo ; eft praterea 
omni parte minor cum ftoribus paucioribus. Memoratur occurrere Cyprt cavn- 
feftribus fertilioribus, uti et Venetorum maritimis. Hue revocandus Gla- 
diolus (Ghiaggiulo) Zannichelli IJi. delle piante dei lidi Veneti,p. H3* 
/. 58. a nobis ffupra No. 719) minus recle Gladiolo fegetum profyno- 
nymo adjeclus. Semina proculdubio globofa ut in eo ex quibus is omni aim J" 1 
congener i facile eft difcriminandus . G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 719, 1. 24, pro •« 13," lege " 113." 

No. 556, a pag. cake 1. 4, pro " 458," lege «* 158.' 




jflUAid. fub.h T.(hths, J?$m ftrfcct&IALiao* &*& <«4 



[ 993 ] 

LACHENALIA RUBIDA (fit). DOTTED- 

Flowered Lachenalia. 
fjfritft %*■ * fc ^ $Hfr % %~ %-4- % Hfc ** 

C/tf/> ^;;^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

G*»mV Chamber.— Vid. N os - 745 & 854. 

Obs. Mgre a Scilla diftlnguenda ; illic vera corolla laclnla longi- 
tudine pares conformes ; hie extima brevlores fubcalycina. Per pufillam 
Massonia, per lancexfoliam ffupra No. 854. /. 14 male angufti- 
foliam diclamj Drimia connexa. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA ruhida (floribus majoribus) foliis lanceolatis 
pervaria macularum afperfione ; corolla pe- 
dicellis pluries longiore, pendulo-nutante, 
trigono-cylindrica, fabbilabiata ; ftaminibus 
huic fubsequalibus, imis tribus deflexo- 
convergentibus ; ftylodeflexo exferto ; la- 
ciniis intimis fubquarta parte longionbus, 
quarum infima e fuis fubbreviore fubdif- 
formi; extimarum fummafuarum longiore, 
truncato retufa. G. 

LACHENALIA rubida. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. /. 398. toll. 5. 
60- mild. Sp. PI. *- *19- ru 

03) LACHENALIA tlgrina. Jacq. I. c. t. 399. Loll. 5. 07. 
rubidae.j3. IVillJ. I.e. 180. 

W LACHENALIA punctata. Jacq. L c. t. 397. Co//. 2. 323. 
Wtlld. I c. 

ORCHIS hyacinthoides foliis caule et floribus maculatis. 
Buxb. Cent. Plant. 3. p. 12. /. 20. Vim 
perperam a Linn<eo in Mantiffu Aletjudi 
(Veltheimi*) capenfi pro fynonymo ad- 
Jcripta. 



For this fcarce fpecies we are indebted to Mr. Williams, 

of Turnham-Green, to whom we already owe many others ot 

' this 



this natural order. We received it likevvife from Mr. Wood- 
ford, of Spring-Grove. A native of the Cape of Good Hope; 
fhould be kept in the greenhoufe with other bulbs from the 
fame country and planted in a fmall pot, with a mixture of 
three-fourths peat earth to one of loam ; blooms in the 
autumn. 

Descr. Bulb tunicated, oblong-ovate, about the fizeofa 
pigeon's egg, bafe umbilicately hollowed; leaves two to lour, 
lanceolate, varying much in the fpotting, having however the 
{tains always round, fometimes very ftrongly marked and thick- 
let, at others thinly fprinkled and faded, fometimes appearing 
on one furface only, at others on both ; ftem at firft higher than 
the leaves, more or lefs coloured by clofe and often confluent 
blood-red dots ; raceme lax, few-manyflowered ; brakes fmall 
ovate, acuminate, decurrent, membranous; corolla an inch or 
more in length, trigonal-cylindric, fubbilabiately patent, pen- 
dulous, feveral times longer than pedicles, receiving a carmine 
hue from numerous thickfet dots of that colour, which are fpread 
over a tranfparently whitifh ground ; fegments diftinB quite to 
their bafe, outer a fourth fhorter, adprefledly incumbent on the 
inner, cuneate-oblong, concave, thicker, fubcalycine, upper 
one the longeft of the three truncately retufe and glandulary 
thickened at the top ; inner ones obcuneate-oblong, patulous 
upwards, convolutely concave downwards, lower one rather 
fhorter and fomewhat differently fhaped ; fiamens fixed to 
the bottom of the corolla, to which they are about equal, 
comprefled-filiform, three upper a little the longeft, diverging, 
lower ones deflex, converging, retting on the loweft fegment; 
anthers reddiih, oblong- fagittate ; Jlyle flender, deflex, protruded 
considerably beyond the ftamens, attenuated ; ftigma obfolete, 
when magnified appearing blunted-triquetral and glandularly 
pubefcent ; germenpale, ovate, trifulcately three-lobed, trigonal, 
lobes pulvinate. 

We cannot think puntlata diftincl from the prefent fpecies : 
(0) is the handfomeft variety of the three j but fometimes &' 
generates into (»). G. 



Ft 



994 




Si&mkiU. Pith. Iff T.CttrtLr,JHtefKxtMLL&fi>7 T.i 



C 994 ] 

Melanthium Viride. Branching 

Melanthium. 

♦ »»iM ♦ *• »»»♦* ♦»»♦♦# 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Bratlea nullae. Cor. infera, regularis, aequalis, ex hexapetalo- 
partita varie patente ad hypocrateriformem, unguibus in tubum 
angulofum coalitis, laminis flellatim aut rotatim folutis. Stam. 
aut immediate hypogyna, aut adnata unguibus, aut per tubulum 
decurrentia. Styli 3, fiigmatofi, roitratim continui, perfiftentes, 
raro filiformes, decidui. Cap/, coriacea, varie pulvinatim tri- 
gone. Sent, plurima, fubglobofa vel compreflb-orbiculata. G. 

Obs. Radix bulbus folidus, ovafo-pyramidatus, bine baft oblique deprefjiis y 
membranafepius eruftacea vel fubputaminea tetlus ; afeipfo quotannis renafcens 
frugifer, dum ille precedents anni (functa modo vice matricis, cateroquin 
Jlerilejcens ) totus emarcefcit. Folia tria-plurima diflicba canaliculato- 
lanceolata y vel angufliora convoluta-concava, rarius jubfiflulofa, deorfum 
vagtnantia, conduplicantia. Scapus de fubnuilo bipedalem ujque. Infer. 
\-multiflora, velfpicata, vel racemofa-paniculata pedunculis magis mlnufve 
decur renter adnatis, modo fubcorymbofa. Stigmata parum manifejia, ad 
Jentem rlmulce oblique deb if centes. Filam. fetaceo-fubulata. Quando lacinia 
ad infra ufque germenfint difiinclce perflat corolla, dum vero coharefcunt ijla t 
ut quomodocunque die! urn cingant organum, per ejufdem incremenium tan- 
dem dejicitur. Genus Tulips adeo propinquum ut vix dctur unde 
d'tflinguere. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MELANTHIUM viride foliis canaliculato-Ianceolatis ; caule 
foliofo paniculato-racemofo, pedunculis uni- 
floris deorfum decurrenter-adnatis ; corolla 
perfiftente, cernua, laciniis reflexis juxtim 
fupra genu areola colorata cum difco fcro- 
biculatim depreflb notatis ; ftylis deciduis, 
filiformibus, ftamina exfuperantibus, diva- 
ricatis. G. 

MELANTHIUM viride. Linn. Suppl. 213. Hart. Kew. 1. 
488. Thunk Prod. 67. Bot. Rep. t. 233. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 269. 

ORNITHOGLOSSUM glaucum. Parad. Lond. t. 54. 

Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered in De- 
cember laft, at Mr. Hibbert's garden, Clapham. The fpecies 
Was brought into this country from the Cape of Good Hope, 

by 



by Mr. Masson, about 1788. It fhould be kept in the 
greenhoufe and treated like other Cape Bulbs. 

Discr. Bulb folid, about an inch and half high, ovate- 
pyramidal, flatted obliquely on one fide of the bafe, covered with 
a fomewhat cruftaceous membrane like that of a tulip root; 
leaves oppofite, alternate, radical ones clofe, largelt, channelled^ 
lanceolate, far-acuminate, recurved ; Jiem leafy, angular, fome- 
what taller than root-leaves, branched downwards, upwards pani- 
culately racemofe; peduncles divergent, numerous, one-flowered, 
from the axils of the leaves (which become gradually fmaller) 
more or lefs decurrentiy adnate to the Item, recurved, thickening 
at their top ; corolla cernuous, hexapetaloufly divided, perhltent ; 
Segments green, edged with purple-brown, equal, fubulate- 
lanceolate, reflex, convolutely concave, fhortly uuguicukite, 
marked juft above the Bend with a roundifh fpot, the difk of 
which is flightly hollowed ; filaments exactly hypogynous, 
fubulate-fetiform, one-third fhorter than fegments, divergent, 
recurved ; anthers fmall, fagittately ovale, brown ; germen 
obconic-globular, rounded-trigonal ; Jlyles three, green, fili- 
form extending by half their length beyond the flamens, ur- 
ceolately divergent, not beakedly continuous with the germen, 
deciduous ; ftigmas inconfpicuous, obliquely flit, hiant, brown. 
The whole plant fcentlefs. G. 

Species. 

longiflorum. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 266. (Wurmbea.) 
monopetalum. Linn. Suppl. 2. 31. (Wurmbea campanulata «. 

Willd. I. c. 265. Wurmbea capenfis|3. Bot. 

Rep. t. 221.) 
fpicatum. Supra tab. 694. (Wurmbea campanulata j3. JVilld. 

1. i) 

pumilum. Nobis. (Wurmbea pumila. Willd. I. c.) 

revolutum. Herb. Bank/. (Wurmbea.) 

inuftum. Herb. Bank/. (Wurmbea.) 

remotum. Herb. Bank/. (Wurmbea.) 

ftigmofum. Herb. Bank/. (Wurmbea.) 

junceum. Supra tab. 558. [idem cum triquetro.) 

fecundum. Lam. Encyc. 4. 29. ill. t. 269./. 2. 

ciliatum. Willd. I. c. 267. 

capenfe. Willd. 1. c. (idem cum blando. Herb. Bank/.) 

luridum. Herb. Bank/, a nobis (Jupra No. 964) diftum minus 
recle lucidum ; itidemque male fro eodem cfflit 
phalangoide (quod Helonij; /pedes) datum. G» 

uniflorum. Supra tab. j6j. (ciliatum. Jacq.fragm.t.^.f'Z'l 

eucomoides. Supra tab. 641. 

viride. Supra tab. 

indicum. Willd. I. c. 268. (HerK Bank/, excmph i Tranquebaf.) 




'"Jilhut&M.luhU T.ChHv J"o'r, 



C 995 1 
poinciana pulcherrima. barbadoes 
Flower-Fence. v 

jUg^ifg^ik .i&. sU-sla. *'4..>'£. sbu >'*. a'L.^t. •fe.^k. jit..;!' ifc. *!«. ?!«. 
"Sjf^pTTj* *J» «^» Jjr •'i* 1^ *i> »V^ *f > "V^ *?» *j» •¥» ^^ "T^ v v 

Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-phyilus: inferiore majore. Petala 5, fummum difforme* 
Stam. longiffima ; omnia foecunda, difcreta. Legumen compreHb- 
planum, bivalve, pluriloculare. Seat, unicum in iingulis 
loculamentis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

POINCIANA pulcherrima ; aculeis geminis. Spec. Pi. 554. 

Reich. 2. p. 258. Hort. Up/. 101. Hort. Kcw. 

2. p. 54. Jacq. Amer. 122. Id. Picl. 62. /. 120. 
POINCIANA. Tourn. InJI. 619. /. 391. Brown Jam. 225. 

Hughes Barbad. p. 201. 
CyESALPINIA pulcherrima i foliolis oblongo-ovalibus emar- 

• • 1 -i_ r _i..i...:„ ,„,!,;„ r. — 1: 




Swartz Obf. 
Mill. Dm* a 2 



SENNA fpuria arborea fpinofa, Sec. Shane Jam. 2. p. 49. 
CRISTA PAVONIS flore elegantiflimo variegato. Burm. 

ZeyL 79. 
CRISTA PAVONIS, Frutex pavonius. Breyn. Cent. 61. t. 

22. Rail Hifl. 981. 
ACACIA orientalis gloriofa, coluteae foliis, ad geniculafpinis 

gemellis aculeata. Pluk. Aim. 5. 
FLOS PAVONIS. Mer. Sur. 45. /. 45- 
TSIETTI mandaru. Rheede Mai. S.p.uLU 



"The name of Po 1 xci an a was given to this fplendid fhrnb 
by Tournefort, in commemoration of M. De Poinci, 

Governor 



Governor of the Antilles. Its Englifh appellation denotes the 
life to which it is frequently applied in the Weft-Indies, and 
Jacquin remarks that a hedge made of this plant, efpecially 
when mixed with Parkinson i a aculeata, forms the molt 
beautiful fence imaginable ; indeed few flowers have been 
defcribed in more enraptured language. Although long fince 
widely diffufed through the Weft-India ifles, and frequently 
found of fpontaneous growth, it is doubtful whether it be 
originally indigenous there. Ligon fays exprefsly that it was 
imported into Barbadoes from the Cape de Verd Iflands. It 
is cultivated through all the tropical countries of the Eaft, 
efpecially wherever any Chinefe are fettled, by whom it is 
called the Peacock's Creft. Was introduced into Holland 
from Amboyna about the year 1670, and cultivated in Chelfea 
Garden, by Sir Hans Sloan e, in 1691 ; but as it cannot be 
preferved out of the ftove, nor propagated except by feeds, it 
muft ever remain a rarity in our northern climes. 

The flowers are faid to be fweet-fcented ; but the whole 
plant, when bruifed, diffufes a difagreeable fmell, very like 
that of Savin, which it appears to refemble in virtue, being 
confidered, in the Weft-Indies, as a powerful emmenagogue. 

Our drawing was made from a fine plant which flowered in 
the collection of the Comteffe de Vandes in July laft. 

Swartz has thought proper to unite Poinciana with 
CvEsai.pin 1 a, in which he has been followed by Willdenow 
and our Martyn ; but, notwithstanding thefe authorities, we 
are deterred from adopting this change, by obferving that, 
according to the accurate Gartner, the feed-pod of C.es- 
alpinia Sap an is one-celled, which in our plant is divided by 
a tranfverfe feptum between each feed ; and in refpe£t to the 
form of the flower, Poincinia feems to have a nearer affinity 
with Parkin son 1 a. 



[ 996 ] 

Hedysarum Roseum. Rose-Coloured 
Hedysarum. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. carina tranfverfe obtufa. Leg. articulis 
i-fpermis compreffis. 

Specific CharaRer. 

HEDYSARUM rofeum ; caulefcens, afTurgens, foliis pinnatis 
feptemjugis: foliolis ellipticis, racemis ca- 
pitals axillaribus pedunculatis, vexillo flriato 
emarginato carina longiore. 



We received this elegant Hedyfarum from Mr. Loddiges, 
ot Hackney, laft July, who raifed it from feeds fent to him 
trom Mount Caucafus, under the name which we have adopted. 
It is probably biennial, as fome of the plants, but not all, 
tlowered the fame year they were fown. 



I v 9 $6 




JvJ.&wd- M IMh XCurb* J' f.« CnfcentFA, i My F.,a*tm*Ur. 




^"dS&unk deL 



I ■) , Ci ■■ /< 'eat J&l Uk y FJoxA;^ m 



[ 997 1 
Thymus Grandiflorus. Large-Flowered 

Thyme. 

♦ t i ft frlUMi ♦ $ fr4M fr # fr fe 

Clafs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Charatler. 
Calycis bilabiati faux villis claufa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

THYMUS grandiflorus ; verticillis fubdecemfloris diftanti- 
bus, calycibus angulato-ftriatis nudis, galeis 
fornicatis, foliis petiolatis rhombeo-ovalibus bafi 
integerrimis. 

THYMUS carolinianus s erefto-cefpitofus : foliis glabris, 
ovalibus, fubintegris ; verticillis e binis fafci- 
culis fubftipitatis : calycibus fub 3-fido-bi'abiatis. 
Michaux Flor. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 9. f 

THYMBRA ? caroliniana ,- caule angulato villofo, foliis op- 
pofitis villofis fubdentatis Ianceolatis, calycibus 
nudis, floribus verticillatis fubrubris. Walt, 
Flor. Carol, p. 162. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, ereft, oppofite-branched, branches 
roundifh, villous. Leaves oppofiite, petiolated, rhomboid- 
oval, irregularly and rather obfoletely toothed towards the 
point, but the lower half quite entire, ftudded with pellucid 
points, fmooth, or at lead clothed with fo minute a pubefcence 
as to be only felt, not feen. Flowers fhewy, pale purple, 
growing in equidiftant whorls about ten in each, fhortly pc- 
duncled. Bracles leaf! ike, quite entire. Calyx ten-cornered, 
tubular, bilabiate, fmooth without, within filled with hairs ; 
upper lip three-toothed, teeth fmall ; lower lip two-toothed, 
more deeply divided, teeth awl-fhaped, not projecting beyond 

the 



the upper lip. Corolla ringent, upper lip arched, emargina*e, 
very obtufe, lower lip three-Iobed : lobes equal, obtufe, re- 
flexed, middle one fpotted within ; throat inflated, depreffed 
underneath, tube very fhort. Filaments four, incurved, fhorter 
than corolla. Anthers fomewhat moon-fhaped, two-lobed, bear- 
ing pollen at the extremities only. Germens four, egg-fhaped, 
feated on a thick flefhy receptacle. Style longer than hlaments. 
Stigma bifid, one fegment only revolute at firft, afterwards both. 

Notwithstanding the fize of the flowers, this plant pofTefles 
the true characters of a Thymus, and in habit is not very dif- 
ferent from Thymus (Melissa L.) Calaminlha of Smith, 
which it may immediately precede in a fyftematic arrangement. 

We have very little doubt but that Walter's plant is the 
fame with ours, but are not fufficiently certain with refpeft to 
Michaux's, to dare to adopt his fpecific name. 

It is a native of Carolina. Will be molt fafely fheltered in 
a greenhoule during the winter. Communicated by our friend 
John Walker, Efq. from his collection at Southgatc 




j~yi£4w~& <frl Pnh b~/ T.CutU?, S^Gtr Ore/eentM- 



C 998 1 

TheaChinensis, var. /3. Bohea Tea-Tree. 
4- # $ * * # * # -*•*# 41 *- $ * $ *$ * 

C/ia/} ##</ Order. . 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5 — 6-partitus, Cor. 5 — 9-petaIa. %// 3 coaliti. Capj\ 
3-Iocularis. Sem, folitaria. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

THEA chinenfts ; floribus fubhexapetalis axillaribus fubfoli- 

tariis ereftis, fruftibus nutantibus. 
«. THEA viridis. Sp. PI. 735. Willd. 1. 1180. Reich, 2, 

589. Hill Exot. t. 22. G<ert. Frucl. 2. p. 83. /. 95. 

Lett/. Monog. t.u Woodv. Med. Bot. Sup pi. 116. 

/. 256. 
THEA Bohea (3. ftri&a. Hort. Kew. vol. 2. p. 230/ 
THEA finenfis. Blackw. t. 351. 
/3. THEA Bohea; Linn. Sp.PL 734. Hort. CI ff. 204. Am<en. 

Acad. 7. p. 239. /. 4. Hill Exot. t. 22. Blackw. t. 352. 

Thunb. Jap. 225. Willd. 2. 11 80. //or/. &?zy. -&>. 2. 

/>. 230. var. « laxa. M*r/. Af/V/. £>/*#. Lctifom Mon. 

ed. 2. p. 41. Jr. 
THEA cantonienfis. Lour. Cochin. 339. 
THEE. Ktempf. Am<en. 605. /. 6.06. 
THEE frutex. . &*tf& >#7. 4. p. 1. t. 1. Bont. Jav. S7. t. 88. 

Barrel. Rar. 128. /. 904. 
THEE Sinenfium. Breyn. Cent. ill./. /«ptf£- 112 - &• 1 7« '■ 3* 

/?or. MuJ. 114. /. 94. /fa/Y Hift. 619. 
CHAA ^«/f,. />/». 147 . ifc«J>. ////?. 3. /. 27. c. 1. />. 5. 
EUONYMO affinis arbor orientalis nucifera, flore rofeo. 

PM. P£y/. /. 88. 



There is no reafori whatever to believe that the varieties of 
this celebrated plant, fold by our Nurferymen, under the 
names of The a viridis aud The a Bohea, are really diftinft 

fpecies. 



fpecies. Indeed it is now nearly afcertaincd, that all the dif- 
ferent forts of tea, prepared in China, are the produce of the 
fame fpecies ; and that the colour, form, and qualities, depend 
chiefly upon the climate, foil, age, modes of preparation, and 
various manipulations that the leaves are fubjecled to. What 
is known refpefcting thefe has been fo frequently repeated, that 
we fhall only refer our readers to Prof. Martyn's edition of 
Mi li lr's Dictionary. The Bohea variety appears, however, to 
be more tender than the Gtren, and will not endure the feverity 
of our winters, which the latter bears with impunity. 

According to our friend and coadjutor Mr. Ker (late 
Gawler) Thea and Camellia cannot be kept apart, but 
mufi he united into one genus ; and our own obfervations go 
to confirm this idea, but we are unwilling to change the generic 
name until all the allied plants (hall have been more accurately 
examined. The imbricated calyx of the latter may be thought 
to keep them diftinCt, though the former has likewife a few 
fcales at the bafe, which foon fall off. Moft certainly, however, 
even in the Linnean fyftem, Camellia and Thf.a ought not 
to have been placed in different claffes, for the filaments and 
petals of the Tea all coalefce at the bafe, and always fall off 
united in one piece, though, if examined when the flower firft 
expands, the filaments will be feen firmly attached to the 
receptacle. 

In his natural orders, Linnaeus refers both Camellia and 
Thea to a diftinci fe&ion at the end of his columnifer<e t or 
malvacea of Jussieu. The latter author hefitatingly and per- 
haps with lefs propriety has added them to his Aurantia*. 

The variety here figured, according to Loureiro, grows 
in the province of Fo-kien, in China; and, if our fynonym be 
right, occurs alfo, both indigenous and cultivated, in the pro- 
vince of Canton. 

Flowers with us in the autumn, and when planted in the 
open ground not at all, except in the moft favourable feafons. 
May be propagated by cuttings. Introduced about the year 
1768, by John Ellis, Efq. 

Our figure was taken in Malcolm's Nurfery, Kenfington, 
at that time in the poflcflion of Meffrs. Grim wood and 
Wykes. 



* According to our obfervation, made in a recent and mature feed, the 
radicle of the embryo is refkcled towards the bafe, while the plumula, not 
mentioned by G«rtn er. is afcendant or centripetal ; but we do not venture to 
lay any ftrefs upon a fingle experiment, made too without reference to pn° r 
pbfervations, and therefore perhaps with too little attention. 




SylEArtu* JUl Tuh.byX.Curb&^&w.CrefcefitiQ-rl.i^ TJ*fi~~¥ 



C 999 ] 

Phlomis Lychnitis. Lamp-Wick 

Phlomis. 

jfe >'j..;>'i .?!&..i!s. .«■'«. «8t «j». fh, «*>. >'*. j!i,y*. >'i. J f £. >'.«. >fe, jfe, rit 
t[c »,» >,* >,■> v,» ^r /j» »,•» tjt ^,c v,» lgn§E aj* <^j» »»» ^sjrsjr 

C/j/j rj«i Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. angulatus. Corolla labium fuperias incumbens, com- 
preuum, viilofam. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PHLOMIS -Lychnitis ,• foliis lanceolatis tomentofis, floralibus 

ovatis, involucris fetaceis lanatis. Sp. PL 819. 

Reich. 3. p. 70. Mill. Ic. 204. Afar/. Mill. Di5l. 

n. 5. //or/. Kew. 2. p. 308. 
PHLOMIS Lychnitis. Cluf. Hifp. 379. #{/?. 2. 27. 7o«r». 

/«/?. 178. Pcna in Hijl. Lugd. 1303. Ed. Gallic. 

2. />. 194. D' AJfo. Arrag. n. 536. GVr. Prov. 264. 

2. ^7'//^rj Daupb. 2. p. 393. .^r. i7w. Efpan. 
v. 6. p. 95. ^///o»/ F/. /W. 121. #W ty. iY. 

3. p. 119- i?r<?/. F/or. Litftt. v. 1. p. 166. 
PHLOMIS foliis ligulatis utrinque tomentofis, radiis involucri 

fetaceis villofis. Sauv. Monfp. 143. 
VERBASCUM anguftis falviae foliis. Bauh. Pin. 240. Ger. 

emac. 767. Rail Hijl. 511. 
VERBASCUM fylveltre foliis falviae tenuifoliae. Lob. Ic. 558. 

f. 1. et 2. adverf. p. 241. 
VERBASCUM fylveftre monfpelienfe, flore luteo liiante. 

J. Bauh. Htjl. 3. p. 307, quoad defcripiionem. 
STACHYS praelongo angultoque folio, flore luteo. Barrel. 

Ic 1321. 
SALVIA fruticola lutea anguftifolia. Park. Theal. 51./. 10. 



Among the figures above quoted, thofe of Clusius and 
P£Na, Barrelier and Philip Miller, are the only ori- 
ginal 



ginal ones. Of thefe, that of Pen a expreffes the habit of the 
plant the beft, but was taken after the flowers had dropped 
off, in which ftate the fpecimens in herbariums are frequently 
found. Perhaps it was this circumftance that milled Lin- 
n*us when he defcribes the corolla " as fcarcely larger than 
the calyx." 

A native of the Southern parts of France, Spain, and 
Portugal ; growing chiefly on dry gravelly hills ; is faid to be 
particularly abundant about Montpelier, and in fimilar foils 
in other parts of Languedoc. 

It owes its fpecific title of Lychnitis, as well as its Spanifh 
name Candelera y to the ufe to which the long {lender radical 
leaves are applied, as wicks for lamps, which purpofe they 
are faid to anfwer very well, even in their recent ftate. 

Cultivated by Miller in the Phyfic-Garden at Chelfea, in 
1731, but may be confidered with us as a very rare plant. Is 
generally treated as a greenhoufe fhrub, but in a fheltered 
fituation and dry gravelly foil, it would probably do much 
better in the open air. Flowers in July. Our drawing was 
made in the garden of E. J. A. Woodford, Efq. late at 
Vauxhall. 



Wtwc 




m 'Ma r i iSvj- 



[ 100O 3 

Pentapetes Erythroxylon. St. Helena 
Red-Wood. 

Oafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA DoDECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. St am. 10 — 20, quorum 5 caftrata, lenga. 
Cap/. 5-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PENTAPETES Erythroxylon ; foliis cordatis fubcrenatis fub- 
tus tomentofis rugofo reticularis, floribus 
fubumbellatis decandris. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 
438. Forjier in Comm. Goctt. 9. p. 6 1 . Lamarck 
Encyc. Meth. v. 5. p. 161. 

DOMBEYA Erythroxylon; foliis fubpeltatis ovatis acuminatis 
cordatis crenulatis fubtus tomentofis reticu- 
latis, pedunculis tubifloris, floribus pen- 
tandris. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 725. 

DOMBEYA Erythroxylon. Bot. Repof 389 ? 

ALCEA arborea populi nigri foliis prona parte albicantibus ; 
flore ampliffimo rubicundo. Pluk. Mant. 6. 

t- 333- /• 2 - 



According to Lamarck, Cavanille's genus Dombeya is 
not to be feparated from Pentapetes. We have therefore 
retained the appellation given to this fhrub in the Hortus 
Kewenfis, though it is at prefent better known in our nurfenes 
by that of Dombeya, a name applied by Lamarck to the 
Norfolk- Ifland Pine, in which he has been followed by Profeffors 
Schreber and Martyn, as alfo by Mr. Lambert, who has 
lately added figures of that beautiful tree to his fplendid Mono- 
graph on Pines. 

If this plant be feparated from Pentapetes, and really 
belong to Dombeya of Cavan illes, it mould be called 

ASSONIA 



Assonia Erythroxylon (Vide Gen. Plant, td. Schreb.). But 
having our doubts whether it ought to be joined with that 
genus, we rather reftore the original name given to it in the 
Hortus Kewenfis. 

It has only five fertile ftamens, alternating with thefe are 
five tongue- fhaped bodies, of a black purple colour, more 
ere£t, and twice the length of the ftamens, perhaps more pro- 
perly called ne£taries, than barren filaments. The external 
calyx confifts of three fmall bra£tes, which fall off as foon as 
the flower opens. 

Native of St. Helena, where there occurs another fpecies 
with leaves quite entire at the margin, called Black-Wood 
or Ebony (Pentapetes Melanoxylon, Soland. MSS.) whicn 
is an undoubted congener of our plant, and perhaps the one 
figured in the Botanift's Repofitory. 

Introduced by Sir Joseph Banks, in 1772. Cultivated in 
the ftove. Flowers in May, June, and July, Propagated by 
cuttings. Communicated by Mr. Whitly, Old Brompton, 



[ 1001 ] 

Cyclamen Heder^folium. Ivy-Leaved 
Cyclamen, or Sow-Bread, 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata, reflexa, tubo brevifOmo : fauce prominente. 
Bacca te&a capfula. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

CYCLAMEN hederafolium ,• foliis cordatis angulatis denti- 
culatis. Hort. Kew. t. p. 196. Willd. Sp. PI* 

810. 
CYCLAMEN europium. Mill. Difi. 1. 
CYCLAMEN folio hederae et yernum. Lob. Icon. 605. 
CYCLAMEN romanum foliis hederae, flore carneo et flore 

purpureo. Sw£rt. Fiorileg. t. 59. 
CYCLAMINUS orbicularis. Bod. Pempt. 337. 
CYCLAMINUS verno tempore florens. Guf. Pan. 234. Hijl. 

265. 
CYCLAMEN hederaefolium. Bauh. Pin. 308. Ger. emac. 

844. 2. /. 5. Raii Hijl. 1206. 
CYCLAMEN vernum flore purpureo. Park. Parad. 195* 

/. 197./. 1. 



The ivy-leaved Cyclamen is faid to be a native of Italy ; is 
a very valuable plant, on account of its early flowering, fweet 
fcent, and beautiful foliage. It is not fo hardy as europium, 
but can be cultivated in the open ground. May be propagated 
by cuttings of the root. Cultivated by G&rard, in 1596. 



X'./t 




<-&<lEJ**n*r Id. Tub. - r ' iWCre&niyfl-rJJfrJ.Eranfr^sculf. 



N°W02 




j£J.£&**drjU Tui> by TCurhj, J 1 Geo CrefcentMarl l#0], ESar/m ««* 



[ 1002 ] 

Veronica Gentianoides. Veined- 
Flowered Speedwell. 

Clafs and Order, 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. limbo 4-partito : lacinia infima anguftiore. Cap/. 2- 
locularis. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

VERONICA gentianoides s caule afcendente, racemo ter- 
minali, calycibus 4-partitis inaequalibiis, foliis 
radicalibus angulatis bafi elongatis. 

VERONICA gentianoides ; corymbo terminali hirfuto, foliis 
radicalibus lanceolatis acutis fubcrcnatis nudis. 
Smith in Acl. Soc. Linn. 1. p. 194- 

VERONICA gentianoides; corymbo terminali, folns lanceo- 
latis margine cartilagineis : inferionbus con- 
natis vaginantibus ; caule adfcendente. Vahl 
Symb. 1. p. 1. Enum. 1. p* 62. 

VERONICA orientalis ; ereda, gentianellas foliis. Twrtt. 
Cor. 7. 

VERONICA ereda blattarise facie. Buxb. Cent. 1. p. 23. 

'•35- 

Descr. Root creeping. Stem afcending, round, hairy. 
Radical leaves half a foot long, tongue-fhaped, decurrent 
down the footftalk, obfoletely toothed, imperfeaiy three- 
nerved, fomewhat villous and foft to the touch on both fides : 
cauline leaves hairy, elliptic, attenuated at both extremities, 
lower ones oppofue, upper alternate, gradually diminiming m 
foe, with margins more entire, till they become mixed with 
the flowers, and form lanceolate quite entire bratles. Flowers 
crowded in a terminal raceme, pale with deep blue veins. 
P'dicles erea hairy. Calyx 4-cleft : fegments unequal, obtufe, 

hairy. 



hairy. Corolla one-pctaled, four-cleft ; \acini<e unequal, lower- 
moft white, not one-third the fize of the upper and lateral 
ones, which are beautifully ftreaked with dark blue veins on 
a whitifh ground, pilaments two, divaricate, inferted into the 
margin of the tubc> which is very Ihort, villous and green 
within : anthers blue, heart-fhaped : pollen white. Germen 
roundifh, very hairy : Jlyle the length of the filaments and 
corolla, declined: fligma capitate, purple. 

Our plant differs from Dr. Smith's defcription, in having 
its radical leaves not altogether without pubefcence ; flowers 
not deep blue, but only ftreaked with that colour; and efpecially 
in having the fegments of the calyx not equal, the two lower 
ones being confiderably the largeft, as defcribed by Vahl. 

This ornamental fpecies of Veronica is a hardy alpine plant, 
of eafy culture, and readily propagated by parting its roots : 
was found by Tournefort and Forskohl in Cappadocia, 
by Buxbaum in Armenia by the way-fide and the margins of 
fields, and by Sibthorp on his journey to the Eaft. 

Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Mr. Lod- 
diges in 1805, who raifed it from feecjf received from Mount 
Caucafus. 



J^joo3 




M(I7. 



C !003 ] 

Lytpirum Virgatum. Fine-Branchsp 
Willow-Herb. 

Gfo/i tf»i Order. 

DODECANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Cbaratler. 

Cal.6 — 12-fidus. Petala 6, cum ft aminibus 6-12, Calyci 
inferta. Cap/. 2-locularis ; Recep. Sew. fepto adnatum. Se~ 
mina numerofa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

LYTHRUM virgatum ; foliis oppofitis lanceolatis, panicula 

virgata, floribus dodecandris ternis. Syjl. Veg. 

446. Sp. PL 642. mild. Sp. 2. "p. 865. 

Reich. 2. />. 426. Hort. Kew.2. p. 128. Mart. 

Mill. DicJ. n. 2. GmeL Sib. 4. p. 175. Hoffm. 

Germ. 162. G<erin. Frutl. 1. 296. /. 62. f. 5. 
LYTHRUM aujlriacum ; foliis oppofitis lineari-lanceolatis 

fubfeffilibus nitidis. Jacq. Aujlr. 1. p. 8. /. 7. 

Z^/W. 243. Krock. Silef. n. 717. 
SALICARIA glabra ramofififima, longiffimis et anguftiflimis 

foliis. ^f««. /?#/£. 89. 
LYSIMACHIA rubra non filiquofa. Bauh. Pin. 246. 
LYSIMACHIA rubra 2, feu minor. Cluf. Pan. 477. Hjft 

p. 51. ifo/z //</?. 1036. 
LYSIMACHIA purpurea minor. G^r. mar. 478./. 13. 



There is a considerable affinity betwixt this fpecies and the 

Lyth RUm Salicaria t or Purple Willow-Herb, a common 

ntI fh plant, growing by the fides of rivers, ditches, and 

P°r>ds, and feldom feen in our gardens, though well worthy 

1 a place there ; but the virgatum is fmaller, more divided, 

nd fcniewhat more elegant in its growth, though lefs crowded 

with 



with bloffoms, which however are of a bright purple colour, 
and produced plentifully from June to September. 

Found by Clusius in moid meadows in feveral parts of 
Auftria, and particularly in the ifles of the Danube. Defcribed 
and figured by Jacquin in his Flora Aujlriaca t by whom alfo 
it was introduced into the Kew Gardens in 1776. 

Is a hardy ornamental herbaceous plant ; requires little or 
no trouble in its culture, growing in almoft any foil or fitua- 
tion, not occupying much room, nor trefpaffing on its neigh- 
bours ; and is eafily propagated by parting its roots in the 
fpring or autumn. 

Drawn at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. m 



[ 1004 ] 

Gardenia Thunbergia. Starry 

Gardenia. 

-#- -$•$-•$ •#-• * 4h(hNMe $♦♦$♦## 

C/<3/} #»</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Bacca infera, 2- feu 4-locularis, polyfperma. 
Stigma lobatum. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms. 

GARDENIA thunbergia; inermis, foliis ellipticis, corollis 
hypocrateriformibus, calycibus latere rumpen-! 
tibus : laciniis apice dilatatis. Hort. Kew. u 

294- 
THUNBERGIA capenfis. Montin in Acl. Holm. 1773. />. 289. 

/. 11. 
GARDENIA Thunbergia. Thunb. Biff. n. 3. Prod. 41. Linn. 

Suppl. 162. Syji. Veg. 251. Thompf. Bot. Difp< 

7t. 10. Icon. 
GARDENIA verticillata ; inernais, foliis ternis ovatis acu- 

minatis, ramis unifloris, calyce fpathaceo ap- 

pendiculato uno latere dehifcente. Lam. EncycU 

2. p. 607. 
GARDENIA crafficaulis ; foliorum laminis rhombeo-lanceo- 

latis, undulatis; calyce fpathaceo, hinc hflo, 

laciniis cucullatis ; pericarpio lignofo. Sahp> 

in Farad. Lond. 46. 
BERGKIAS. Sonnerat It. Nov. Guin. p. 48. /. 17, 18- 
CAQUEPIRIA Bergkia. Gmel. Syfi. Veg. p. 651. 

The Gardenia Thunbergia is a fine flowering fhrub, which 
thrives with great luxuriance in the Right Hon.Mr.GREVtLLE s 
confervatory at Paddington, where our drawing was taken. 

The flowers are very fragrant and produced in fuccefli an 
during the fummer months. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope and Guinea. 

Introduced to the Kew Gardens by Sir James CockbBRK, 
Bart, in 1773. May be propagated by cuttings, but will no 
bloffom while young, 




*<X*«**l.JUb T. Curtis, S^^^rlMOl jr 



[ 1005 ] 

Convolvulus Purpureus, var. Elatior. 

Tall Spotted-Flowered Bindweed, 

»»»* ♦♦»»»♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia* 

Generic CharaSler. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Cap/, bilocularis : 
loculis difpermis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS purpureus ; foliis cordatis indivifis, fruc- 
tibus cernuis, pedicellis incraffatis, Sp* 
Pk 219. Videfupra N um - 113. 

& elatior ,• caulibus altiflimis, foliis orbiculato-cordatis, floribus 

ocellatim maculatis. 



From the great height which this plant will attain in a 
favourable foil, the rounder and more diflin&ly veined leaves, 
the delicate, white flowers, marked with five fpots, elegantly 
fhaded with blue and carmine, fomewhat in the manner of the 
eyes, in the centre of certain feathers, we were at firfk per- 
fuaded that this was a diftinct fpecies from purpureus. We 
cannot, however, find characters fufficient to eftablifh a fpecific 
difference. It feems neverthelefs to be permanent, and not 
at all difpofed to change to the common purple flowered fort. 

Is a hardy annual, mould be fown where it is intended to 
remain, and will fucceed beft in a warm fheltered fituation 
and rich light foil. This is by far the handfomeft variety we 
have ken t and particularly fuited as an ornamental covering 
for trellis-work. Communicated by Mr. Whitley, Nurfery- 
man, Old-Brompton, 



'Twpj 




[ ioo6 ] 

polygala alopeccjroides. fox-tail 
Milk-Wort. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-phylIus : foliolis 2 alaeformibus, coloratis. Legum. ob- 
cordatum, 2-loculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

POLYGALA ahpecuroides ; floribus imberbibus, pedunculis 
folitariis axillaribus, foliis fafciculatis lanceo- 
latis mucronatis villofis. Thunb. Prod. 121. 

POLYGALA ahpecuroides ; floribus imberbibus feflilibus, 
foliis confertis ovatis acutis carinatis pilous. 
Linn. Mant. 260. 

POLYGALA ahpecuroides. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 890. R" ch - 
3. 388. Mart. Midi. Did. n. 27. BoL Rep /* 

'•37*- 



Prior to his fixth edition of the Genera Plantarum, L lN * 
nius had eftablifhed a genus, under the name of Heister ia > 
of which he at that time was acquainted with one fpecies only 
(No. 340 of this work). Had he known that there were feveraf 
others which have great affinity with this, and are equally dn- 
tinguifhed from the other fpecies of Polygala, by the form 01 
the calyx and corolla, as well as habit, he would probably have 
continued Heifteria as a diftin£t genus, with which in that cale 
our prefent plant mult have been arranged. 

In its blolfoms it is very fimilar to Polygala Heip r,a * 
but is a frnaller fhrub, very pubefcent, and partakes very Irtf c 
of that inflexible rigidity, which occafioned the former fpecw* 
to be compared to Furze. A hardy greenhoufe fhrub; " atl ^ 
of the Cape ; propagated by cuttings ; flowers through t 
whole of the fummer. Our drawing was taken in the coll £ 
tion of George Hibbert, Efq. at Clapham-Coiumon. 



IfjooS 




fAEltan/tttl ~ftib'tr< f rCurhs,S' r fn'<- (r,i 



[ 1007 ] 

Stapelia Divaricata. Straddling 

Stapelia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Dicynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Contorta. Neclar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA divaricata ; ramis pluribus tetragonis divaricatis 
glabris dentatis, dentibus parvis fubere&is, 
corolla glaberrima quinquefida : laciniis lan- 
ceolatis patentibus, margine revolutis ciliatis. 
Mqff. Stap. 17. /. 22. 

STAPELIA divaricata. Mild. Sp. PI. v. \. p. 1280. Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. n. 10. 



The branches of this very diftincl fpecies of Stapelia, 
going off almoft at right angles, and being long and tapering, 
at once mark it from every other, even when out of bloom. 
Communicated by [. Walker, Efq. of Stockwell-Common, 
whofe valuable collection contains a great many fpecies of this 
very Angular genus, all of which are natives of the Cape of 
Good-Hope. 

Flowers the latter-end of the fummer, and requires the 
fame treatment as other fucculent plants from the Cape. 



J'woj 




$ d£d ***t'Mi.JPuk bv TCurhv, JtGto.CrJcmtJpKlliOl 






[ 1008 ] 

Magnolia Fuscata. Brown-Stalked 
Magnolia. 

Claff and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. Petala 6—9. Cap/. 2-valves, imbricate. 
Sem. baccato, pendula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MAGNOLIA fufcata ; floribus hexapetalis ereais, calycibus 

pedunculiTque pubefcentibus. 
MAGNOLIA fufcata, Bot. Repof. 229. Donn Cat. Cant. 

104. 
MAGNOLIA annonafolia. Salifb. in Parad. Lond. 5. 
MAGNOLIA verficolor. Idem I. c. 

The Magnolia fufcata is nearly allied to the pumtla 
(No. 997) and is like it cultivated in China, both on account 
of its beauty and fragrance. Is readily diftinguifhed from the 
latter by its erect peduncles, which, as well as the calyx ana 
neighbouring part of the Item, are clothed with a brown glan- 
dular pubefcence. , 
From its habit, it appears to be a fhrub of humbl« growth, 
and, on that account, the better adapted to ornament oui 
houfes. Is naturally deciduous, but in the (love becomes 
ever-green. It is however by no means tender, and at mo 
requires only the protection of a greenhoufe. 

Mr. Salisbury confiders his Magnolia annonafilM** . 
diftinft fpecies, but for this we can fee no reafon ; the ip e 
men figured in the Paradifus Londinenfis appears to have be 
far lefs vigorous than that from which our drawing was taK > 
and the colour of the flowers varies much in intenfity, m P * 
portion as the plant is more or lefs expofed to the influence 
the light. OurdrawingwasmadeatthecolleclionofMr.il ^ 
bert, of Clapham. Flowers from June to September, an , 
kept in the ftove, more early in the fpring. Is propagate 7 
cuttings. Introduced to this country from China, oy * 
Evans, of the India-Houfe, in whole valuable collection 
Stepney it firfl bloomed in 1802. 



J%w 




T( \,rti.,- J 7 tSr. CrJ^ntApr.LWy. 



[ ico9 ] 

Dracocephalum Grandiflorum. Be- 

tony-Leaved Dragon's-Head. 

■ »♦»♦»♦»»»♦♦» * #£* ■*■ 

Oafs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Corolla faux inflata : labium fuperius concavum. 
Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DRACOCEPHALUM grandiflorum j foliis crenatis : radica- 

libus cordatis ; caulinis orbiculatis 
feflilibus, brafcteis acuminato-dentatis. 
Linn. Sup. 274. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 319. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 12. 

DRACOCEPHALUM altaienfe. Laxman in Acl. Petrop. v. 

15. 1770./). 556. /. 29.7.3. Syfl.Veg. 
454. Reich.%. p. 89. fViUd.%. p. 155. 

DRACOCEPHALUM flonbus verticillati*, foliis oblongis 

obtufis finuato crenatis, bracleis ob- 
longis. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 233. n. 56. 

MOLDAVICA orientals, Betonicae folio, flore magno vio- 

laceo. Tourn. Cor. 2. ? 

BOGULDEA ere&o flore rnagno purpureo caeruleo, Betonicae 

foliis, longis pediculis infidentibus. 
Si ell. ire. n. 173. 

The younger Linnaeus united Laxman's Dracoce- 
phalum altaienfe with grandiflorum, confidering them as the 
fame fpecies ; and this has been adopted both in the Hortus 
Kewenfis and Martyn's Miller's Dictionary. Will- 
denow has endeavoured again to feparate thefe plants, con- 
fidering them to be very different ; as however we have no 
doubt but that Gmelin's plant was the fame as Laxman's, we 
fee no reafon to make two fpecies : we are indeed more inclined 
to confider the palmatum of Willdenow as like wife a mere 
variety of this. Like moll alpine plants, it varies much in 
ftature, from a finger's length, to a foot, and in a vigorous 
ftate produces a great number of flowers both in whorls and 
in a terminating head. Our fpecimen was probably very much 
ftunted, from having been eaten down in the early part of the 
fpring by flugs, from whofe devastations it is preferved with ex- 
treme difficulty ; otherwife it is a hardy herbaceous perennial. 
Native of the fummits of the Altaifch Alps, growing in the fhade 
in a northern afpecl. Flowers with us in May and J unC * 
Communicated by Mr. Loddiges in 1801. 



Hiooq 




vardrJJ Juhh T.t), 



¥.°WW 




fd£lr*a.r*Jj tU JTW 



[ 10!0 ] 

Hypoxis Ovata. Smooth-Leaved 
Hypoxis. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 662 8c 709,. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS ovata g rhizomate annuo, depreffo-rotundo, 
tunicato-gemmifero, fubtus nudo, convexo ; fo- 
liis angulto-lanceolatis, acuminatis, canaliculars, 
nudis integerrimis, ftriatulis ; fcapis unifioris ; 
brafteis folitariis, anguftifiimis ; ftylo fubnullo ; 
ftigmatibus bafin ufque difcretis, ere&is, lineari- 
fagittatis, glandulofo-puberulis. G. 

HYPOXIS ovata. Linn. Suppl. 179. Thunb. Prod. cap. 60. 
mild. Sp. PI. 2. 108. 

Obs. Flos a Linnao filio male albus dicitur. G. 



Descr. Root/lock annually reproducing itfelf, depreflcd- 
orbicular, crowned by a bulb or bud covered with fibrous 
coats, underneath convex, fmooth, naked; leaves feven to 
eight, ambient, from upright recurved, narrow-lanceolate, 
far-acuminate, channelled, carinate, quite fmooth, itreaked, 
entire ; outer ones the ihorteft, inner about four inches high ; 
/capes about three, nearly equal to thefe, round, flender, one- 
flowered, one-jointed j at the joint a fingle very narrow re- 
curved bracle, about half an inch long ; corolla ftellate ; Seg- 
ments elliptic-lanceolate, flat, outwards green, fubcalycine ; 
inwards yellow, corollaceous, alternately fomewhat narrower, 
fharper and fubunguiculate ; fiamens about a third fhorter than 
the fegments, ereclly patulous ; filaments fubulate, fhorter than 

anlhers % 



anthers^ which are fagittate-oblong ; pijtil about equal to fta- 
mens ; flyle nearly obfolete ; jligmas upright, diftinft. and di- 
verging to their bafe, cufpidate-fagittate, glandularly roughened ; 
gertnen continuing the {cape, from which it can fcarceiy be 
diftinguifhed, fhort. 

By the kind afliftance of Mr. Dryander, we have afTured 
ourfelves of this being Thun berg's fpecies, notwithflanding 
the very {lender account of it, and an erroneous obfervation 
of the younger Linnaeus " that the flower is white:" a guefs 
mod probably formed from the dried plant, the corolla of 
which he fuppofed to have merely turned yellow in drying, as 
is mod ufual with white flowers when fo treated. Named 
ovata from the two outer leaves, which are fhorter and broader 
in fome fpecimens than in the prefent, and may then be pro- 
perly enough termed " lanceolately ovate." 

The whole plant is fcentlefs. Blooms in February. Should 
be kept in the greenhoufe. 

Our drawing was made from the collection of Meflrs. Ken- 
nedy and Lee, Hammerfmith, where moft likely it has now 
made its firft appearance in Europe. From the above garden 
we hope for many new and rare African vegetables, it being 
frequently fupplied by a perfon employed by the proprietors, 
at the Cape of Good Hope, for that purpofe. G, 




rjn£r*6a 






usrt £ 



C 1011 ] 

Narcissus Orientalis (var.jl. pleno). The 
Cyprus or Double Roman Narcissus. 

■»5&'T|f"5(s*"^r'> l v>j»" fjC" vp - «,<" j^ - "5j»* v s v 3jr £j? "Jjr v,v JjJ' vjcvjr 

For fpecific chara&er, defcription and fynonymy fee above 
N os - 940, 946, arid 948. 

NARCISSUS orientalis, flore pleno. G. 
NARCISSUS pleno flore. Cluf. Htft. 1. 160. 1c. I. II. 
NARCISSUS nobilis orientalis polyanthos mixtus. Bejl.Hort. 

Eyjlet. Vem. Ord. 3. fol. 14. fig. 1. 
NARCISSUS chalcedonicus flore pleno polyanthos. Park. 

Farad. 84. /. 85./. 4. 
CYPRUS NARCISSUS. Mill. Ditt. cd. 7. See the ohferva- 

tions on the eighth J "pedes of the Art. Narcissus. 



In the lad part of our account of Narcissus papyraceus t 
(No. 947) we have fpoken of the prefent plant as being a double 
flower of the variety Q of that fpecies; which, under that im- 
preflion, we have called in the fynonymy " Roman Narciffus." 
We then judged from diftant recollection, not having been 
aoie to procure a fpecimen for feveral feafons before. This 
year we have obtained them in abundance ; and have been 
inewn others, that by cultivation in our climate have re- 
turned to their fingle (late. Thus we have difcovered our 
mmake ; and affured ourfelves that the plant is a legitimate 
variety of orientalis (fee iV w - 940, 946, and 948;. The Bulb 
has been long fince annually imported from Italy, by the pro- 
prietors of Italian warehoufes ; together with that of the 
™per or Italian fpecies (fee 947; ,- and a ftill more double 
variety of the prefent with fewer flowers, a fhorter tube, 
and a greater number of yellow fegments. This laft bears 
a itrong refemblance to the variety of Narcissus incotn- 
Q r **'fo (fee No. 121J known among floriib by the name 
1 , Butter and Egg Flower." According to Clusius, 

pth the double varieties of the prefent fpecies were ori- 
ginally introduced into our parts of Europe, from Con- 
"antinople by the way of Vienna. They have fince con- 
tinued 



tinued to be cultivated in Italy, where they preferve that 
doublenefs for which they are in fuch requeft ; but which we 
fufpeSt they foon loie to the northward of that country, as we 
never receive it in that ftate from Holland. The roots 
generally arrive in England late in the autumn ; and if then 
planted will flower in January. They may be put into pots 
of earth, or into flower-glaffes with water only ; fhould 
be kept fheltered, as the weather at that feafon foon defaces 
their bloom when they are fet out of doors. But the cooler 
and more airy they are kept, the ftronger they bloom. The 
roundeft, hardeft roots, with the feweft offsets are to be pre- 
ferred. Their beauty, fragrance, eafy culture and cheapnefs, 
feem to us to make them the raoft defirable flowers imported 
for the ornament of our rooms, G, 



CORRIGENDA. 



No. 947, 1. 24, dele " Roman Narciffus." f 

No. 871, page 2, I. 5, 6, for « roots; fheaths," read « toot.foeaths. 




Hon 



SflJ&htmr&M FuhhL 



[ 1012 ] 

MorjEa Ciliata (y). Ciliate-Leaved 

MOR^A. 

4 i <t t y ♦ ♦ ^ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ %> ♦ ; ♦ ♦ f ^ 

C/tf/} #//*/ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. fupra N os - 593, 613, et 695, et 
Annals of Botany, vol. 1. p. 238. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORvEA ciliata. (Cor. iridioidea. Barbata.) Scapo brevif- 
fimo ; foliis fubquinis, terminalibus, fafciculatis, 
angufto - lanceolatis, convoluto-concavis, nudis, 
ciliatis, furfum triquetro-caudatis ; pedunculo 
unico, unifloro, breviore ; bra&eauna; laminis 
extimis unguibus (qui imo fcrobiculati) breviori- 
bus, patentiflimis ; intimis fubtriplo anguftioribus, 
divergenter-ereftis ; ftigmatibus petaloideis, acu- 
minatis ; filamentis bafi connatis. G. 

MOR/EA ciliata. Nos in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 241. 

IRIS ciliata. Linn. Suppl. 98. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 1. Prod. 11. 
Willd. Sp. PL 1. 224. Vahl Enum. 1. 137. n. 24. 

(«) corolla lutea. Tbunb. I. c. 

(0; eadem caerulefcens ; folia undulata ; bra&ea pubefcens. Ic. 
pift. plant, capenf. Bibl. Bankf. cujus exemph in 

. Herb, ajfervatur. 

\y) corolla purpureo-rubens. Supra. 



IJescr. Bulb-tuber about the fize of a hazel nut, ovate- 
§ obular, coats of coarfe hard fibres, netted, mefhes longitu- 
mal ; the outer coat generally elongated into a root-fheath ; 
Jcape fhort, often fubterraneous, entirely fimple, and terminated 
/ a lafcicle of five leaves, about three or four inches long, 
arrow-lanceolate, convolute-concave, naked, edges ciliate, 
betimes undulate, downwards conduplicate-fheathing, up- 
wards 



wards caudately attenuated aad carinate- triquetral, with a keel 
generally ciliate, outer ones fhorter; Jpathe convolute, one- 
valved ; peduncle folitary, pne-flowered, {horter than leaves ; 
at the joint connecting fcape and peduncle one or two fmall 
bulbs ; corolla largilh, Iris-like, bearded, hexapetoufly 
parted ; fegments alternately larger ; ungues longer than 
lamin<e % turbinately convergent, outer broader, fliaggy inwards, 
having a fmall nectariferous hollow near their bafe ; outer 
laminte recurved-patent, treble the broadeft, round-ovate, 
ihaggy at their bafe ; inner upright, diverging, obovate-elliptic, 
together with the ungues of a fpathulate form ; jlyle very fhort ; 
fiigmas petaloid, upright, about equal to inner fegments ; inner 
lip bipartite, fegments narrow, acuminate ; outer lip entire, 
rounded, very fmall ; filaments connate at the bafe for the 
length of ftyle, then feparate and diverging, about the length 
of ihe anthers ; germen oblong, continuous to the peduncle, 
not one-third the length of the ungues, (lender, rounded- 
trigonal. 

The whole plant is fcentlefs ; and the flower, with us, lafted 
but one day. Thunberg fpeaks of roots which produced 
feveral items in fucceffion. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it is found near 
the town in dry ftony fpots, flowering in Auguft. Our fpeci- 
men was fent us by Meffrs. Kennedy and Lee, of Ham- 
merfmith, in whofe collection it has now flowered, probably, 
for the firft time in Europe. Clofely allied to NIokak papi- 
lionacea (fee above, No. 750) as well as to the European Moria 
Sifyrinchium> of which laft excellent figures may be feen in 
Redoute's Liliachs and Sibthorpe's Flora Graca, under 
the name of Iris Si/yrincbium. G. 



TF?4oto 




4M£m*& Jd £„$ Try T,Curh,r, , fr&g* O&gs&Arr I MP? Tdm^m **tp 



C 1013 ] 

Ixia Capillaris [var. y.) Aulica. Rose- 

COLOURED IXIA. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N um - 789 ; quo in loco poft " Fil." 
in lin. 10. in fere "tubum adnato-decurrentia," et ante " Cap/." 
in lin. n, adde " Stigm. 3, angufta, recurvo-patentia." G. 

For defcription, fpecific character and fynonymy fee 
N os - 570 and 617. 

IXIA capillaris. y. (aulica Hort. Kew.) G. 



This is a mere variety of the above fpecies, though made a 
diitinft; one in the Hortus Kewenjis, under the name of aulica. 
The Bulb-tubers of the feveral varieties differ much in the 
thicknefs of the fibres, of which their reticulated coverings 
are compofed, as well as in the fize of the mefhes. Our fpe- 
cirnen had been very recently imported from the Cape of Good 
Hope, for the collection of Mr. Hibbert at Clapham. The 
leaves are ufually much longer than in our figure, and their 
cartilaginous edge often very confpicuous, but fometimes 
again quite obfolete. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

pendula. Vahl Enum. 2. 66. n. 37. Exempt, in Herh. Bank/. 
capillaris. Supra tab. 570, 617, et 1013. Eadem cum incarnata 

Vahl I. c. n. 25 et ftriata eju/dem I. c. n. 35. 
anRata. Supra tab. 589. 

patens. Supra tab. 522. Eadem cum flliformi Vahl I. c. 63. n. 
31. et eju/dem leucantha /. c. n. 33. 

flexuofa. 



flexuofa. Supra tab. 624. 

hybrida. Supra tab. 128. (flexuofa). 

conica. Supra tab. 539. 

monadelpha. Supra tab. 607. (Qu<e Galaxia / Ix'neflora 

Liiiac. a Redout^ tab. 41.J 
columellaris. Supra tab. 630. 
maculata. Supra tab. 749, et 789. 
ere&a. Supra tab. 623, et 846. 
crateroides. Supra tab. 594. 
polyftachia. Supra tab. 629. 

fcillaris. .Sw/Jra /#£. 542, ^«<e pentandra Vahl I. c. 67. n. 39. 
crifpa. Supra tab. 599. 

Obs. Reltqua Vahlio hulc generi adnumerata /pedes GalaxIjE, 
MorjE^, Trichonemati, Geissorhizje, Sparaxidi, Tri- 
tons, Laperousi^e, Hesperanth^, Anomathecje, Wat- 
son ije, et Babian^ refpettive Jubjlcienda. Fid. pqflim in dijf. nojira 
apud Annals of Botany, vol. 1. 219. 



Yf\-^< *>»wip5< *\\ww «r»«irrr t-sttct wf "ttwr^ Vn*r.wT nrr-T^r Xvtvm •>>*, *m*;« n<%ni rt« 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



In which the 
the Plants 
Twenty- Fifth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

PI. 

973 Allium panieulatum. 

978 ■ — ! • rofeura (jS). 

979 Aloe lingua (a). 

970 Andromeda caffinefolia. 

981 Androface la&ea. 

984 Afphodelus fiftulofus. 

1005 Convolvulus purpureus, >var. 
elatior. 
987 Cortufa matthioli. 
989 Crowea faligna. 
1001 Cyclamen hederafolium. 
1009 Dracocephalum grandiflorum. 

982 Epacris grandiflora. 
1004 Gardenia Thunbergia. 

992 Gladiolus hirfutus (a). 
996 Hedyfarum rofeum. 

985 Helonias virginica. 
Hydrangea quercifolia. 
Hypoxis ovata. 
Iris lurida. 
Ixia capillaris {i<ar. y) aulica. 

980 Jafminum fimplicifoliura. 

993 Lachenalia rubida («). 

971 Lilium pomponium (a). 
1003 Lythrum virgatum. 

977 Magnolia pu mi la. 

3 008 -fufcata. 

983 Marica californica. 
991 Maflbnia corymbofa. 

994 Melanthium viride. 
io»2 Moraa ciliata (y). 

10 1 1 Narciflus orientals ('var. fl.pl.) 

972 Ornithogalum juncifolium. 
1 000 Pentapetes cry throxylon. 

999 Pldomis lychnitis. 

995 Poinciana pulcherrima. 

1006 Polygala alopecuroides. 
990 Pforalea glandulofa. 

967 Pultenxa villofa. 

968 Rhexia virginica. 
988 Salvia Forfkohlei, 

969 Sphserolobium vimineum, 
976 Stachytarpheta mutabilis. 

1007 Stapelia divaricata. 
998 Thea chinenfis, <var. $. 
997 Thymus grandiflorus. 
974 Vaccinium Arcloftaphylos. 

1002 Veronica gentianoides. 



Latin Names of 1* In which the 
contained in the Y. 



975 
1010 

986 
1013 



Englilh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
<> Twenty- Fifth Volume are alpha- 
t betically arranged. 

* P/. 

v 979 Aloe, narrow-leaved tongue. 
A 970 Andromeda, Alining oval- leaved. 
^ 981 Androface, grafs-leaved. 
4} 984 Afphodel, onion-leaved. 

* 1005 Bindweed, tall fpotted-flowered. 
^ 992 Corn-fiag.leaflefs-fioweringfhag- 
^ 989 Crowea, willow-leaved. [gy. 
<S* 1001 Cyclamen, or fow-bread, ivy- 

V leaved. 

a 1009 Dragon's-head, betony.leaved. 
^ 982 Epacris, crimfon. 
<[> 986 Flag, dingy-coloured. 
"f 995 Flower- fence, Barbadoes. 
£ 973 Gariick, rofe-coloured. 

<> 97 8 

* 1004 Gardenia, ftarry. 

Y 996 Hedyfarum, rofe-coloured. 
a 985 Helonias, Virginian. 

•* 991 Hyacinth, Cape. 
i> 975 Hydrangea, oak-leaved.' 
f 1010 Hypoxis, fmooth-leaved. 
^,1013 Ixia, rofe-coloured. 
4 980 Jafmine, fimple-leaved. 

* 993 Lachenalia, dotted-flowered. 
A 971 Lily, fcarlet Pompone. 

4» 1008 Magnolia, brown-ftalked. 

<> 977 . dwarf. 

% 983 Marica, yellow-flowered. 
^ 994 Melanthium, branching. 
a 1006 Milk-wort, Fox-tail. 

* 1012 Monea, ciliate-leaved. 

£ 101 1 Narciflus, Cyprus or double Ra- 
a 999 Phlomis, lamp-wick. [man. 

* 990 Pforalea, llriped-flowered. 
Y 967 Pultenaea, villous. 

a 1000 Red-wood, St. Helena. 

*. 968 Rhexia, Virginian. 

A 988 Sage, Forlkohl's. 

*t 987 Sanicle, bear's-ear. 

£ 1002 Speedwell, veined-flowered. 

$ 969 Sphserolobium, twiggy. 

* 1007 Stapelia, ftraddling. 
972 Star of Bethlehem, rufh-leaved. 
976 Starpheta, changeable. 
998 Tea-tree, Bohea. 
997 Thyme, large-flowered. 



T 1003 Willow-herb, fine-branched. 
% 974 Whortle-berry, Madeira. 



Printed by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Street, London, 



C URTIS'S 

Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifli to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 



VOL. XXVI. 



God Almighty firft planted a Garden, and indeed it is the pureft of human Pleafures. It is a 
great Refrefhment to the Spirits of Man, without which Buildings are but grofs Handy- Works : 
and a Man fhall ever fee, that, when Ages grow to Civility and Elegancy, Men come to build 
lately fooner than to garden finely, as if Gardening were the greater Perfection. 

Bacon. 



LONDON 



Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars-Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



MDCCCVII. 



Y°wi4 




M IL i fa TGirHt, 



C 1014 ] 

Justicia Lucida. Shining-Leaved Justicia. 

C/ij/jr #//*/ Order. 

DlANDRlA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Cal fimplex ve) duplex. Cor. irregularis vel fubregularis. 
Cap/. 2-valvis, 2-locularis : difTepimentum valvulis contrarium : 
retinaculis feminum uncinulatis. Vahl. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms. 

*** Calycejimplici, corollis btlabiatts : labiis divi/ts.~~Dianther<e. 

JUSTICIA lucida; racem is terminal i bus compofuisfubcapitatis, 
folioliscalycisbracleifquel'ubulatis,foliisovatisacu- 
tis integerrimis glabris inpetiolum decurrentibus. 

JUSTICIA lucida. Vahl Enum. 2. p. 400. Bot. RepoJ. t. 313. 
Donn's Cant. p. 5. 

Descr. Stem perennial, fmooth, round, ftriate, dilated at 
the infertions of the leaves, feldom exceeding three feet in 
height ; branches few and only from the lower part. Leaves 
oblong-ovate, acute, leathery, ftrongly veined, entire, dark 
green, fmooth, decurrent down the Toot-ftalk. Flowers ter- 
minal in a compact, compounded raceme : partial peduncles 
oppofite, bearing three to five flowers placed alternately on fhort 
pedicles. Bratles fubulate, fhorter than calyjx. Calyx fimple, 
five-parted : fegments linear-lanceolate, pubefcent. Corolla 
deep fcarlet, tubular, bilabiate, fomewhat curved, three or 
four times longer than calyx ; upper lip entire, lower lip 
three-toothed. Filaments purple, fmooth : Anthers binate, 
pedicled. Germen ovate : Style the length of corolla, filiform, 
clothed with fhort hairs, remaining after the fall of corolla : 
Stigma truncate. Both herb and flowers fcentlefs. 

Among the addenda at the end of the fecond volume of the 
Enumeratio Plantarum of Prof. Vahl ; this fpecies is taken up 
from the Botanift's Repofitory, and is properly direfted to be 
arranged next to Justicia Jecunda ; to which it is indeed very 
nearly allied, if it be not a mere variety of it. At firft fight it 
bears a ftrong refemblance to Justicia coccinea (Bot. Mag. 
No. 432); but, upon clofer examination, thefe plants differ in al- 
mofl every point. The prefent is by much the moft defirable, 
from its eafy culture, ready flowering, and more convenient fize. 

Native of Barbadoes, but, as we believe, not of the Eaft- 
Indies,as iserroneoufly flated in Bot. Repof. and thence repeated 
in Enum. Plantarum. Propagated, with great facility, by cut- 
tings. Blooms in Auguft and September. Introduced about the 
year 1 754. Requires the heat of the bark ftove. 



C 101 5 ] 
Phyteuma Campanuloides. Three- 
Flowered Phyteuma. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character* 

Cor. rotata, laciniis linearibus, 5 -partita. Stigma 2 -feu 3- 
fidum. Cap/. 2-feu 3-locularis infera. 

Specific Characler. 

PHYTEUMA campanuloides; floribus fparfis fubternis, caule 
fimplice erefcto, foliis ovatis crenatis fubtus 
pubefcentibus feffilibus. 



Descr. Stem erect, fimple. Leaves egg-fhaped, crenate, 
hairy on the underfide, varying in width, crowded at the lower 
part of the flem, more dillant upwards. Flozvers terminal, in 
long compounded racemes, generally growing three together 
on very fhort pedicles. Braff leaf-like, quite entire, longer 
than pedicle. Calyx connate with gerroen, 5 cleft : fegmenti 
linear. Corolla wheel-fhaped : laciniae 5, linear -lanceolate, 
recurved. Stamens 5 : Filaments dilated at the bafe as in Cam- 
panula: Anthers linear. Germen inferior, egg-fhaped, angular, 
downy : Style longer than ftamens : Stigma 3-cleft, revolute. 
Capfule 3 -celled. Seeds many, affixed to a central branched 
receptacle. 

This ornamental plant was communicated by Mr. Lod- 
diges, who raifed it from feeds received from Mount Cau- 
casus, under the name of Phyteuma canefcens ; but as there 
is nothing hoary about it, and we have found the fame in a 
collection from that country in the Bankfian Herbarium, with 
a ticket denoting that it is the campanuloides of Bieberstei.v, 
we have adopted the latter name, which this refpeclable author 
™ay probably , have given it in his Flora Taurica, a work that 
" e announced fome time fince, but which, if publifhed, has 
°ot we believe as yet found its way into this country. 

A hardy perennial ; flowers in July and Auguft ; may be 
propagated by parting its roots. 



C 1016 ] 

Robinia Halodendron. Salt-Tree 

ROBINIA. 

4M> ^mM! $ -% $ #-•$-$--$ 4H* * -& 

C/ij/y rt//d Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Cbaraffer. 

Cal. 4-fidus : lacinia fuperiore 2-partita. Legum. gibbum 
elongatum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ROBINIA Halodendron; pedunculis trifloris, foliis abrupte 

pinnatis bijugis fericeis, petiolis fpinefcentibus 

perfiftentibus, leguminibus veficariis. L'Herit. 

Stirp. Nov. p. 162. IVilld. Arb. 301. Hort. Kew. 3. 

p. 54. Mart. Mill. Dill. a. 12. 
ROBINIA Halodendron. Linn. Sttpp. 330. Pall. Rojf. 1. p. 

72. /. 46. Ejufdem iiin. 2. app. n. 117. /. IV. 
ROBINIA foliolis quaternis, fubpetiolatis, hirfutis, paribus 

remotis. Gmcl. Sib. 4. p. x§, n , , q # 
ASPALATHUS frutefcens latifolius tomentofus et incanus, 

filiqua inflata. Amm. Ruth. n. 284. 



Lamarck has divided the genus Robinia, and arranges this 
fpecies under his Caragana ; but, whilft we confefs that it ought 
to be feparated from Robinia Pfeudacacia, hifpida, &c. we 
think it will no more unite with Caragana than with them ; 
nor do we know any other fpecies of which it is properly a 
congener : we therefore follow the generality of Botanifts, and 
refer it, for the prefent, to Robinia. 

This beautiful fhrub thrives well with us in the open air, 
but is faid to be in general very (hy of flowering, which has 
been attributed to the want of fait in the foil, as its native place 
is in the dry barren fait fields on the borders of the river Irtis, 
in Siberia. 

Introduced by the late Dr. William Pitcairn, in 1779. 
Our drawing was made at Meflrs. Whitley and Brame's, 
Old-Brompton. Flowers in June and July. Propagated by 
feeds, alfo by layers and grafting. 



Wint 




^■Zj^anlrtU f^ bvXno-furS' GcaL r^CtHtMt 







iV° 101J 



■v>fe 




SjdXavardsdti. Jhl.hyT.6irtisS c Gco:Crefcerd May ). 7 '807 xjamftm *£»$ 



C 1.017 ] 

Verbesina Sativa. Oil-Seed Verbesina. 
# $frft$ft $-$-#-$ % ♦♦♦»♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Charatler. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus ariftatus. Cal. duplici ordinc. 
Flofculi radii circiter 5. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

VERBESINA fativa ,• (oppofitifolia) foliis cordato lanceolatis 
amplexicaulibus remote ferratis, calycibus 
fimplicibus pentaphyllis. 

VERBESINA Jativa. Roxb. PI. Cerom. inedit. 



This plant having a fimple five-leaved calyx and feeds, if 
we miftake not, without an arifta, can hardly be confidered 
as a true Verbefina ; but as long as Verbesina calendulacea % 
of which it feems to be a real congener, is fuffered to remain 
in that genus, this need not be excluded. We are informed 
by Dr. Roxburgh, to whom the Botanic Garden at Brompton 
is indebted for feeds of this hitherto undefcribed vegetable, 
that it is cultivated in the Myfore country and feveral other 
parts of India, for the fake of an oil expreffed from the feeds, 
which ferves as a fubftitute for that of Sefamum. 

Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, of Brompton, in whofe 
ftove it flowered in Auguft and September ; but might be 
raifed on a hot- bed in the fpring, and treated as other tender 
annuals are. 




N°1018 



* **& K 



ib by T Curtis S l Geo CrefcentJKayi 1807. 



SycLEilwardslJel F Sanfbm, Soulp. 



[ ioi8 ] 

Lilium Bulbiferum (/$.) Umbellatum. Umbel- 
Flowering Bulb-Bearing Orange-Lily. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.—Vid. N um ' 798. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LILIUM bulbiferum (multiflorum) caule ex tereti fubangulato- 

lirato ; foliis cun6lis caulinis, lanceolato-loratis, 

fparfis, numerofis ; corolla ere£la, turbinato-cam- 

panulata ; laciniis intus deorfum inaequaliter glan- 

dulofo - echinatis, extus floccofo - pubefcentibus ; 

laminis lanceolato-ovatis recurvatis. G. 
LILIUM bulbiferum. Linn. Sp. PL 433. Syf. 324. Jacq. 

Fl. Auftr. 3. 14. /. 226. Scop. Cam. n. 404. Gmel. 

Fl. Sib. 1. 41. (.urt.fupra No. 36. Hort. Kew. 1. 

430. G<ert. Sem. et Frucl. 2. 16. tab. 83. / 4. 

Mart. Mill. Dicl. Lam. et Decand. Flor. Fran. 3. 

202. mild. Sp. PL 2. 85. 
LILIUM caule foliofo, foliis fulcatis gramineis, floribus cam- 

paniformibus intus floccofis. Hall. Helv. n. 1232. 
LILIUM purpureum majus — minus — tertium. Dodon. Pempt. 

198, 199. 
LILIUM purpureum majus — cruentum bulbiferum — cruen- 

tum polyanthos. Befl. Hort. Eyjl. Vem. Ord. 5. FoL 

6. f. !_ 2 . FoL 7. /. 1—2. FoL 8. /. 1. 
LILIUM bulbiferum— aureum. Park. Par. T. 27. /. 2, 3. 

Weinman. Phyt. t. 655, b. c. et 656. 
MART AGON bulbiferum I. % III. Cluf. Hiji. 1. 136. 
HEMEROCALLIS. Matthiol. p. 630. cum Iconibus. 
{«■) racemo pauci-multifloro fpicatim edu&o. C\ bulbiferum 
(0) eodem pauci-multifloro umbellatim con- V vel 

traBo. G. J non bulbif. 

This variety is faid to have been fometimes feen with an 
umbel of fixty flowers and upwards. In the wild ftate it feldom 

bears 



bears more than three or four flowers. A native of Alfatia, 
Siberia, Switzerland, Italy, Provence, and the Pyrenees. 
Gmelin fays, that the roots are eaten both by the Ruffian and 
native inhabitants of Siberia and the adjacent countries. For 
a variety not bulb-bearing, fee above (No. 36). We have not 
added Thunberg's Japan plant to our fynonymy, as he is not 
always to be relied on in that department. We fufpect the 
Siberian fpecies to be at leaft as diftincl: as penfylvanicum (fee 
above No. 519). Cultivated here in 1629. 

It is needlefs to add any defcription of this well-known 
common inhabitant of our gardens. Some of the varieties 
flower much earlier than others. Some are constantly bulb- 
bearing, others as constantly not. Both Miller and Jacquin 
have amply defcribed this fpecies. G. 




N°ioip 



tr&S S'GtoCrtfcentMay 



[ i°*9 ] 

Babiana Sambucina. Elder-Flower- 
Scented Babiana. 
fr ♦ f t ♦ » »'♦ ♦ » i ♦ ♦ Hn frfr f $ +< 

Oafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. #»• 576 fcf 68o, *7 ^*/w/j a/ £0/^ 

vol. 1. ^>. 233. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms* 

BABIANA fambucina (corolla fubregulari) foliis plicato- 
nervolis, obfolete fubpubefcentibus ; fcapo glabro, 
affurgente, his breviore ; floribus ere&is ; fpathis 
elongatis, lanceolatim convolutis, imbricatim ap- 
proximatis, villofis, ariftato-acuminatis ; tubo 
Undo iis vix longiore ; limbo deorfum fauci 
turbinatim continuo, furfum recurvo-patentiffimo ; 
laciniis fubaequalibus, oblongis, obtufis, organa 
longinque exfuperantibus. G. 

BABIANA fambucina. Nos in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 233. 

GLADIOLUS fambucinus. Jacq. Hort. Scbcenb. v. 1. tab. 
rail Enum. 2. 117. n. 80. 

This fine fpecies was lately received by Mr. Hibbert, from 
the Cape of Good Hope. Our drawing was made when the 
bloom was rather too far advanced ; and which, before we 
obtained the fpecimen for defcription, was entirely withered. 
Differs from fpathacea, its clofeft relative, in having the tube 
fcarcely longer than the fpathe, which laft is alfo pubefcent. 
The flowers are exceeding fragrant. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

Thunbergii. nos in Ann. of Botany, v. 1. p. 233. (Antholyza 
plicata) Fab I Enum. 2. 122. «.' 4. Exempl. in 
Herb. Bankf. 
ringens. (Gladiolus) Breyn. 1c. Rar. 21. tab. 8. fig. 1. (An- 
tholyza.) Vahl I.e. 121. ». 2. Exempl. in Herb. 
Bankf. 
tubiflora. Supra tab 1 - 680 et 847 ; quarum prior Gladiolus 
tubatus. Vahl I. c. 113. n. 73 ,• altera cjufdem, 
tubiflorus. /. r, 112. n. 72. 

fpathacca. 



fpathacea. Supra tab. 638. (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c, 118. it. 
84. cujus etiam varietas ejufdem paleaceus /. c, 
118. ». 83. 
fambucina. Supra tab. 1019. ' (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c. 1 1 7. 

«. 80. 
difticha. Jz^ra tab. 626 <7Z*^ Gladiolus plicatus. Jacq. Ic. 

Rar. 2. 237 ; nee vero aliorum. 

plicata. Supra tab. 576. (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c. 116 n. 78. 

(exclufo Jacquini Jynonymo ;) eft quoque eadem cum 

fragrante I. c. 117. «. 79 ; m: <:m/o differre vel 

molli quoque I. c. 119. tf. 86. 

mucronata. (Gladiolus.) 7^. /f* ifar. 2. /a£. 253. Vahl 

I. c. 115. n. 76. 
fulphurea. (Gladiolus.) Jacq. Ic. Rar. 1. tab. 239. fiiW 
/. f. 99. ». 44. (Gladiolus plicatus.) Bot. 
Repofit. tab. 268. 
ftriQa. Supra tab 1 - 621 f/ 637. (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c. 118. 
». 85 ; »<?r fl//a;» credo fpeciem ejufdem fecundum /. f. 
117. n. 82. 
purpurea. (Ixia.) 7*207. Ic. Rar. tab. 286. (Gladiolus.) 

Vahl I. c. 114. w. 75. 
obtufifolia. »w /"« /?«». of Bot. v. 1. p. 234. (Ixia villofa.) 
Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 284. <7#«tf <f#<&/« £#w 
Gladiolo latifolio Vahl I.e. 117. n. 81. .' 
£#/ ^r<? certo falfa datur patria. 
villofa. Supra tab. 583. (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c. 115. «• 77 
f«/«i ^//j;» puniceus /. r. 114. 7/. 74 qui Ixia pu- 
nicea Jacquini. 
rubro-cyanea. nos in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 234. (Ixia.) Supra 
tab. 410. (Gladiolus.) Vahl I. c. $8. n. 43- 



ADDENDA. 

In the enumeration of the fpecies of Ixia (fee above, No. 1013) we omitted 
to fay, that the Ixia linearis of authors was the fame with our variety 
(o. gracillima) of Ixia. capillaris. {Supra No. 370.) G. 

No. 570, pro fynonymo, poft lineam 14, infere " Ixia linearis. Thunb. lx. 
n. 12. Linn.Suppl. 92. Willi. Sp. PI. 1. 201. Vahl Enum. 2. 61." 

No. 1013, poft •* 35," in 1. 05, infere ** quae eadem cum Ixia lineart. 
Thunb. lx. n. 12. Linn. Suppl, 92. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 201. Vahl Enum. 2. 61. 




.*«m-*m AibyT&^JtCeoCycenlMayfi 



&0J 



■■- 



[ 1020 ] 

Lachenalia Tricolor (/3.) Luteola. 
Yellow-Flowered Lachenalia. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaraf/cr. — Fid. N 0S - 745, 854, & 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA tricolor (floribus majoribus) foliis gcminis, 
oblongo-lanceolatis, rerurvatim recum- 
bentibus; racemo rariufculo ; corolla tri- 
gono-cylindracea, clongata, pendulo nu- 
tante, pedicello 3~4plo longiore ; laciniis 
intimis extimas fubtertia pane fuperantibus, 
cyathiformi-patulis; organis has aequanti- 
bus. G. 

LACHENALIA tricolor. Thunb. Nov. Gen. Prod. 64. Linn. 
Syfi. Vegetab. ed. 14. 314. Curtis fupr a 
No. 82. 

LACHENALIA tricolor. |3. Hort. Kczv. 1. 461. Willi. Sp. 
PI. 2. 17O; exclufa varietatc (a) ad quadri- 
colorem (fupra No. 588^ fpcclantc ; rcji- 
ciendum quoquc Jaequini Ic. Rar. v. 1. 
/. 61. fynonymon, uti ad candcm pertinent 
plantam. 

LACHENALIA luteola. Jacq. Ic. Rar, 2. t. 395. Coll. 4. 
148. 

LACHENALIA flaw. Bet. Rcpof. tab. 456. 

(*) foliis maculatis ; corollis variegatis. G. Supra No. 82. 

(<3) foliis immaculatis ; corollis flavis, fubconcoloribus. G. 



From the fpecimen, preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, 
we find that the variety (a) of Hortus Kcwenfis t is the quadri- 

color 



color (No. 588,) of this work, varying with fpotted leaves; to 
which alfo the tricolor of the firft volume of Jacquin's hones 
PL Rar. belongs. Thefe fpecies are but too nearly allied ; 
quadricolor however is altogether a flenderer plant, having 
narrower leaves, more channelled and acuminate, and not re- 
cumbent from the bafe, from whence they are on the contrary 
upright for fome diftance ; the inner fegments of its corolla are 
befides about twice the length of the ouier, while the fame in 
tricolor are only about one-ihird longer. Both propagate 
abundantly by offsets ; and flower early in the fpring. Quite 
fcentlefs. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Williams's Nurfery, 
Turnham-Green. A native of the Cape of Good Hope. G, 




* T ***-X6».Gfi m t* m ,t, 



80'l 






[ 1021 J 

Xylophylla Latifolia. Broad-Leaved 
Xylophylla. 

#4hH He && $ $ $ $ $ fakir £$ 

Clqfs and Order. 

MoNCECIA MONADELPHIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Masc. Cal. 6-partitus. Cor.o. Necl. glandulae 6, globofe. 
Fcem. Cal. et Necl. ut in mafcula. Germ, fuperum. Sty/i 3. 
Stigmata 3-partita. Cap/. 3-locularis. 6'em. 2, in fingulis lo- 
culamentis. Genus Phyllantho nimis affine. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

XYLOPHYLLA latifolia; foliis rhombeis crenatis crenis ap- 

proximatis florifens. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 376. 
XYLOPHYLLA latifolia. mild. Sp. PL up. 1500. Swartz 

Prod. 28. Obf. 113. Linn. Mant. 281. 

G<ert. Frucl. 2. p. J23. /. 108 /. 3. 
GENISIPHYLLA afplenifolia. V Merit. Serl. A*g. 29. /. 39. 
PH YLLANTHUS foliis latioribus utrinque acumiuatis apicem 

verfus crenatis. Browne Jam. 188. 
HEMIONOTIDI affinis epiphyllanthos. Pink. Phyt. t. 36. 

/ 7- 

LONCHITIDI affinis arbor anomala folio alato et pinnarum 

crenis fructifero. Shane Cal. p. 16. U/JL 
80. 



Linnaeus, who took up this genus on the authority of 
Browne, referred it to his fifth dais, but that it mould have 
been continued there by Willdenow after he had feen the 
observations of Swartz, is not a little furprifing. It {ceins 
hardly to be a diftinct genus from Phyli.antiius. The female 
flowers ftand on much longer foodtalks than the male. 

Wc 



We have never met with hermaphrodite flowers having fix 
ftaa>ens, as defcribed by Swartz; when fuch occur, we 
Jhouid confider them as an unnatural union of three flowers in 
one. We mould refer both this genus and Phyllanthus 
to Monoecia Monadelphia and place them immediately after 
Ricinus, with which, and with Croton and Jatropha, they 
have a natural affinity. 

The leaf like expanfions, from the notches on the margins 
of which the flowers grow, two, three, or many together, are 
not true leaves, but rather leaflefs branches flattened into the 
fhape of leaves. 

Native of Jamaica and other tropical parts of America. 
Requires to be kept in the bark ftove. May be propagated 
by cuttings. Introduced in 1783, by Matthew Wallen, 
Efq. Flowers in Auguft and September. 




s,j£j,„ Bib by 



CeO:CivA ■> I haie 1. 1 SI 



[ 1022 ] 

Lantana Annua. Annual Lantana. 

Oafs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character, 

Col. obfolete 4-dentatus. Cor, limbus 4-fidus, fauce pervia. 
Stigma uncinato-refra&um. Drupa nuce 2-loculari, laevi. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

LANTANA annua; foliis oppofitis caule inermi, fpicis ob- 
longis. Spec. PL 864. Hort. Upf. 180. Mant. 
4 1 9. Wtlld. Sp. PI. 3. p. 3 1 6. Reich. 3. p. 1 65. 
Mart. Mill. Did. a. 4. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 350. 

LANTANA trifolia ,• foliis ternis, fpicis oblongis imbricatis, 
floribus carneo-violaceis, fauce flava. Medicus 
in Aft. Palat. v. 3. PhyJ. p. 222. ? 



The Weft- India Ifles and the warmer parts of the continent 
of South-America contain many fpecies of Lantana, moft of 
which grow into ftirubs of confiderable height ; this is an an- 
nual plant, but with an almoft woody ftem. The flowers are 
of a pale lilac colour with a yellow throat and not changeable, 
as thofe of Lantana aculeata, No. 96, and feveral others are ; 
the fpikes, which are at firft hemifpherical, become afterwards 
oblong. Introduced before 1733, by Dr. Wm. Houston, 
*J appears by Miller's fpecimen preferved in the Bankfian 
Herbarium. Being an annual and not very readily producing 
n pe feeds in this country, it was probably of fhort duration ; 
and we find no further trace of it, till feeds were brought from 
j?pain, with many other curious plants, by Lord Holland, 
from whofe collection at Holland-Houfe our drawing was 
J.aken in Auguft laft. We believe it has never before been, 
Pgured, Propagated by feeds only. 




W/023. 



MM Eik byTCurtis S c Geo. Crefcent June 1.1801. r s~f™ J*Uf- 



C 102 3 ] 
Gesneria Tomentosa. Woolly 

Gesneria* 

Clafs and Order, 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, fuperus. Cor. tubulofa irregularis, incurva, 
medio coarc\ata. Cap/, infera, fubbilocularis. Sent, linearis 
fcobiformia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

GESNERIA tomentofa ; foliis ovato lanceolatis crenatis hir- 
futis, pedunculis lateralibus longiffimis corym- 
biferis. Sp.PL 851. WnUl. 3. p. 251. Retch. 
3. p. 124. Hort. Cliff 318. Jacq Amer. 179. 
t. 175./. 64. Sivartz, Obf. 228. Hort. Kew. 2. 
p. 331. Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 3. Gart. Frucl. 
2. 472. /. 177./. 6. 

GESNERIA erecia, foliis lanceolatis rugofis hirfutis, pedun- 
culis longiffimis ramofis, ex alis fuperionbus. 
Browne Jam. 261. 

DIGITALIS folio oblongo ftriato ad foliorum alas florida. 
Sloan. Hiji. 1. p. 162. /. 104. /. 2. Rati Sup. 

39 6 - 



The name of Gesneria was given to this genus by Plumier, 
in honour of Conrade Gesnkr, the celebrated Swifs Na- 
turalift, who died of the plague in the forty ninth year of his 
a ge, in his mufeum, whither he directed himfelf to be removed 
a little before he expired. 

The afligning its natural order appears to have been attended 
with particular difficulty. Linn^us, in his Fragmenta, had 

arranged 



arranged it with the Perjonata j but Jussieu, in his Genera 
Plantarum, removed it far from hence, and placed it with his 
Campanulacea. 

Though it differs more efpecially by its fuperior calyx, it 
approaches, neverthelefs, both in external appearance and 
fenfible qualities to Digitalis. We have fometimes obferved 
rudiments of a fifth ftamen, which feems to ftrengthen its af- 
finity with Che lone and other Bignoni<e ,- and the hairy bafe 
to the filaments and peculiar form of the anthers mow a rela- 
tionfhip with Verbascum and Celsia. It has been un- 
doubtedly mifplaced by Jussieu, of which he is now fenfible; 
and, in a later publication, has direded it to be removed from 
his Campanulacea, and inclines, with M. Richard, to unite it 
with a few other genera into a new natural order*. 

The fpecies here figured grows with an upright ftem, three 
or four feet high, bearing its leaves crowded together, towards 
the top only ; the lower part being naked, but woolly, and 
marked with the veftiges of the former foliage. The flowers 
grow in corymbs on long footftalks, which iflue from the axils 
of the leaves. 

Native of the Weft-India iflands and the continent of 
South- America; obferved by Swartz to grow in fteep de- 
clivities on the banks of torrents and rivulets in Jamaica, and 
by Jacquin on the rocks by the fea-fhore in Cuba. 

With us it muft be preferved in the bark dove. Propa- 
gated by feeds only. Flowers in moft parts of the year. 
Cultivated in the Apothecaries Garden at Chelfea, in the year 
1759. Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 

a J hl l« T i eT is di J In g u5fliab k by a one-celled fruit, with parietal receptacles, 
a flefcy difk furroundmg the bafe of the ovary, ftamens inferted into the corolla 
and not correfponding in number with its divifions. Vide Annah of Botany 

"O". 2. /, 5O7. J 



WWH 




risv* RllyT.Curh- "rOeo-Cre/ient Iun&1 1 80J ES*»***S*+ 



[ ^24 ] 

Fuchsia Lycioides. Box-Thorn Fuchsia. 

Clafs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 

Generic Charafter. 

Cal. 4-partitus, coloratus, corollifer. Cor. 4-petaIa. Bacca 
mfera, 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FUCHSIA lycioides ; caule tuberculato, foliis ovalibus inte- 
gerrimis petiolis pedunculifque aggregatis, laciniis 
calycinis reflexo-patentibus petalis bis longioribus. 

FUCHSIA lycioides; calycis laciniis reflexis petalis duplo 
longioribus, antheris alternis brevioribus. Guzvler 
Recenf. Plant, p. 20. 

FUCHSIA lycioides. Bot. Repof. t. 1 20. 



The Fuchsia coccinea, figured at No. 96 of this work, was 
at that time treated as a ftove plant, but is now found to be 
hardy enough to bear our winters in the open ground ; but 
then the ftalks generally perifli, and the roots put forth new 
flioots in the fpring. 

The prefent plant, as well as that, is a native of Chili, but re- 
quires the protection of a greenhoufe ; for, when the Item is 
ueftroyed by the froft, the plant we believe periihes altogether, 
and will not fhoot up again in the following year. 

The Fuchsia lycioides firft flowered in the King's Garden 
at Kew, in the year 1796, where it was introduced by our 
friend Mr. Archibald Menzies. It is readily propagated 
by cuttings of t*>e young (hoots, which (hould be fet in a hot- 
ted in March. Produces its flowers from Auguft to Novem- 
ber, which are far lefs fhewy than thofe of the fcarlet Fuchfia, 
for are the petals coiled up in the fame manner ; neverthelefs 
11 is a curious fhrub, and by no means void of beauty. 



N P 102S 




Mi hyT Curtis S^G^Crefcent Jn nc I fBOj. J?s> 



C 1Q 2 5 ] 

Scilla Am^na (/3) Sibirica. Siberian 
Squil. 

$ ♦#,»» ♦ »jfr »ft $$ $ » * ♦ 

C/tf/} aW Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatfer. — Fid. N um - 919. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. — Fid. fupra N um - 341. 

SCILLA am ana ; foliis pluribus, extimis oblongo-ligulatis, 
obtufis cum mucrone, medio nervofis ; fcapis plu- 
ribus, varie compreffis, nervofo-ftriatis ; racemo 
diftante ; bra&eis minutis, folitariis ; corolla rotata ; 
filamentis ea duplo brevioribus, fubulatis, planis, 
hypogynis, imis laciniis et mutuo inter fe cohaerenti- 
bus, aequalibus ; genuine oblongo-ovato, tritorofo, 
nee in ftylum roftratim abeunte. G. 

SCILLA am<ena. Fid. fupra N um - 341. 

(«) racemo 7-multi-floro ; flore faturate cyaneo ; filamentis 
furfum coloratis ; antheris atro-cyaneis. G. Supra t. 341. 

(P) racemo 1 — 4-floro; corolla caerulea ; filamentis pallefcen- 
t'bus ; antheris fubaeruginofis. G. 

SCILLA fibirica. Bot. Repof. tab. 365. 

SCILLA precox. Bonn Cat. Hort. Cant, f Nee ea Willd. Sp. 
Pi 2. 28; quae, ipfo monente, mera bifolia varietas. 
Fid. Schraderjourn. fur die Bot. 1799. 'vol. 1. p. 287. 



This variety is faid to have derived its origin from feed 
imported from Siberia ; a fa£l of which we have no doubt, 
having feen a fpecimen, agreeing with it in every point, that was 
gathered by ProfelTor Pallas on the banks of the Wolga, and 
which is now depofited in the Bankfian Herbarium. We cannot 
tr ace the flighteft fpecific diftin&ion between this and the Levant 
plant, already figured in the prefent work. That indeed has 
Qarkcr flowers, more colour in the ftyle and ftamens, with 
Ue ep blue anthers, and blooms rather later,- the leaves are alfo 

in 



in general grown to a greater length, and become more re- 
cumbent, previous to the expanfion of the flowers, than in 
this ; where the leaves do not attain an equal growth till the 
feed is nearly ripe. But thefe are differences that cannot well 
be deemed fufBcient by themfelves to feparate fpecies, except we 
mean to outdo the Florift in his number of " Sorts." 

Descr. Bulb tunicate, about the fize of a walnut; leaves 
about four, ambient, convolutely conduplicate downwards, 
from upright recurvedly recumbent, outer broadeft, oblong- 
ligulate, (lightly concave, nerved, obtufe, with a fomewhat 
glandular point ; /capes within thefe, than which they are 
fhorter, feveral, varioufly compreffed, ftriate, far-attenuate, 
upright ; flotvers fpikedly racemofe, rather diftant, nodding ; 
pedicles fhorter than thefe ; brakes minute, membranous, 
far fhorter than pedicles ; corolla hexapetaloufly parted, cam- 
panulately rotate, contracted at the bafe ; fegments oblong, 
pointed ; filaments about half their length, flat, fubulately at- 
tenuated ; membranous, equal, divergent, cohering at their 
bafes among themfelves and with the corolla ; anthers ovate- 
fagittate, incumbent ; germen pale, ovate, tripulvinate, tri- 
oleate, uneven ; Jtyk about the length of this, ere£t, filiform i 
ftigma a terminal point, inconfpicuous above the anthers. 

Blooms in March ; hardy ; fcentlefs. Communicated by 
Mr. Loddiges. G. 



A'« 




RihhTGurtts ^GvcCrefeenC Jit 



[ 1026 ] 

Narcissus Orientalis ($). Yellow 
Garden Narcissus. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid, N os - 924 8c 925. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. — Vid.fupra N os - 940, 946, 
948, & 1011. 

NARCISSUS orientalist', floreluteo; laciniis corona minus 

faturate flavefcentibus. G. 
NARCISSUS byzantinus totus luteus. Park. Par. 78. t 



This variety of the Garden or Levant Narciflus is ufually 
imported, by the Seedfmen and proprietors of Italian ware- 
houfes, from Italy, along with the Cyprus or double Roman 
and Paper or Italian kinds (fee above, No. 1011). If planted 
as foon as they arrive in the autumn this blooms in great 
beauty and has a very pleafing fcent. G. 



N°. 



wjiy 




Mb 7 T(Lr(vS c Ceo Gefcent June , /So 



/ 



C !°27 ] 

Trillium Erectum (/3.) White-Flowered 
Upright-Stalked Trillium. 

C/i//i #«;/ Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide N um ' 470. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

TRILLIUM ere5lum\ pedunculo ere&o ; flore nutante ; co- 
rolla et calyce ftellatim patentibus ; utriufque la- 
ciniis lanceolatis ; ftaminibus germinis longitu- 
dine ; ftylis germini roftratim continues, ifto 2- 
3plo brevioribus, recurvatis. G. Bacca fub- 
globqfa nigricante. Michaux. 

TRILLIUM ereclum. Linn. Syji. ed. 14. 349. Sp. PL 484. 
Mill. Di£l. n. 2. Curt.fupra No. 470. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 2. 271. 

TRILLIUM rbomboideum. Michaux Fl. Bor-Amer. 1. 213. 

TRILLIUM fcetidum. Parad. Londin. tab. 35. 

PARIS foliis ternis, fl. pedunculato erecto. Am<en. Acad, u 
154. 

SOLANUM triphyllon canadenfe. Corn. Canad. 166. tab. 167. 

SOLANO congener triphyllum canadenfe. Morif. Hift. 3. 
p. 532. J. 13. /. 3. f. 7. 

(«.) corolla rubido-fufca. Jupra tab. 470. 

(0) corolla alba. Michaux /. c. 

Descr. Leaves three, verticillately terminal, rhomboidal- 
oy ate, acuminate, fhortly attenuated at the bafe, corrugately 
v eined ; peduncle upright j flower nodding, perfiftently de- 
ling ; calycine fegments green, ftel lately patent, oval- 
knceolate, acuminate ; corollaceous ones white, twice larger 
than thefe, having the fame form and pofition, veined; fiamens 
typogynous, converging round the germen, to which they are 
adpreffed, and with which they are of equal length ; filaments 
lu Dulate, cohering at their bafes, thrice fhorter than anthers ; 

anthert 



anthers linear-oblong ; germen fuperior, purple-brown, three- 
lobed-ovate, hexagonoufly winged, molendinaceous ; fiyles or 
ftigmas 2 — 3, fhorter than this, each beakedly continuous to its 
lobe or cell, linear, acute, channelled inwards, recurved- 
patent. The fcent of this variety is not near fo powerful as 
that of the brown-flowered. 

Found by Michaux in the high mountains of Carolina. 
We never before met with, nor had even heard of, this 
rare variety being in any European garden till this fpring. 
The drawing was made from a plant fent us by Mr. 
Buchanan, Nurferyman, at Camberwell ; it has flowered 
alfo in Mr. Vere's valuable colle&ion, Kenfington, at Mr. 
Loddiges's, and in feveral other places, all probably fpeci- 
mens brought from America by Mr. Lyons, and fold laft 
year. G. 



1028 




-Rib. oyTGirtis S t GeoCr, 



C 1028 ] 

Colchicum Vartegatum. Chequer- 

Flowered Meadow-Saffron. 

f <rf#4rf Hi ftflfr $ fr j f f f 

C/4/} tf»i Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha o. Cor. partim fubterranea, infera, infundibuliformis ; 
vel hexapetalo-partita unguibus longiffimis, vel tubulofa iftis 
conferventibus. Stam. hie ore tubi, illic fummis unguibus im- 
poiita. Styli vel tres capillaceo-elongati, vel ex iifdern cohae- 
rentibus unicus, triqueter ; Stigmata continua, angufta, cana- 
liculata. Germ, fubterraneum. Cap/, eminens ; coriacea, lo- 
batim trilocularis, loculis inflatiufculis, introrfum per futuras 
connexis indeque dehifcentibus. Sent, biferialia, plurima, 
globofa. G. Colchicum, Bulbocodium. Linn. Me- 
re nd era. Ramond. 

Obs. Bulbo-tuber annuum, ex feipfo renajcens per prolem fubgemellam t 
cujus folumtnsdo altera frugifera ; pyramidato-ovatum, hinc oblique ad bqfin 
deprefl'um, inde radicans, teclum membrana f car i of a, lavi. Folia 3 — 4, 
caulina, Japius flore (per diver ja pro Jpecie intervallaj tardiora, vel mada 
fubtardiora fere Jimul cum eo emicantia ; deorfum conduflicanter amplexicaulia 
et per vaginam radicalem cohibita. Caulis centralis, florifer fubterraneus, 
fruclifer eminens. Flores i-plures. Per fuum Bulbocodium cum Am a- 
Kyllide ad hujus luteam conjunclum eft. G. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms. 

COLCHICUM variegatum (multiflorum) foliis fubtrinis, lan- 

ceolatis, acuminatis, undatis, recurvatim re- 

cumbentibus, diu poft flores exorientibus. G. 
COLCHICUM variegatum. Linn. Sp. PL 485. Syft. Veg. 

*4« 349- Hart. Kew. 1. 491. Mart. Mill. 

Di5l. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 273. 
COLCHICUM variegatum. Corn. Canad. cap. 52. p. 136. 

cum lc. 
COLCHICUM fritillaricum chienfe. Park. Parad. p. 156. 

Fig. (ft noftra plant*) pejima. 
COLCHICUM chionenfe, floribus fritillariae inftar teflulatis, 

foliis undulatis. Mori/. Hijl. 2. p. 341. /. 4. 

t> 3. /. 3- Weinm. Phyt.f. 403. d. 

The 



The leaves of this fpecies have a filvery or glaucous kind of 
bloom upon them, are fomewhat paler underneath, and with 
us the fummits are generally killed by the froft. Other va- 
rieties, perhaps fpecies, of thefe chequered flowering kinds 
are enumerated by the older Botanifts; and as this is the onlj 
one we ever had an opportunity of feeing, we have not been 
able to develop their fynonymy to our fatisfaclion. We are told 
it is a native of the Greek Iflands. Others of the chequered kind 
are faid to come from Portugal and Naples. The roots often 
flower while lying in the {hop windows for fale. Of as eaiy 
culture as the common Crocus. Blooms in autumn ; the leaves 
are not grown to perfection till May. Cultivated in 1629, by 
Parkinson. G. 

Specierum Synthesis. 

montanum. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 273. Merendera Bulbocodium. 

Redout £ Liliac. tab. 25. 
arenarium. Kitaib. PI. Rar. Hung. tab. Colch. montanum 

verficol. fl. Cluf. Hiji. 201. fig. 2. 
Bulbocodium. Nos. (Bulbocodium vernum y fupra No. 153-) 
autumnale. Engl. Bot. tab. 133. 
polyanthon. Nos. C. pannonicum. Cluf. Hiji. 199. An /pedes 

fatis dijlintta ? G. 
variegatum. Supra tab. 1028. 

byzantinum. Nos. C. byzantinum. Cluf. Hift* 199, 200. 
cum 1c. 

Obs. An a pradiflis Junt fpecifice difcriminatida Colchicum Lufi- 
tanum fritillaricum et C. Neapolitanum fritillaricum. Park, Parad. 



N°102Q 




Pub byTCurhs Sf Gee Cr*f cent J % 



[ 102 9 ] 
Menyanthes Exaltata. Tall Buck- 
Bean. 

•$ fJH^ efs- $ $ i\i 3ft $~$ $• f M*-Jjf $• ♦ £#■ 

C/fl/} ««i Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, perfiftens. Cor. hirfuta. .?//£OT0 2-fidum. &/>/. 
i-locularis, 2-valvis. Recept. Sem. laterale. Villarsia 
Ventenat. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MENYANTHES exaltata ; foliis orbiculato-cordatis fubpel- 

tatis fubcrenatis, caule paniculate 
MENYANTHES exaltata. Soland. MSS. ct Herb. Bank/. 



This gigantic fpecies of Menyanthes is a native of New 
South-Wales, where it was difcovered by Sir Joseph Banks, 
and the plant (from which our drawing was taken) was railed 
from feeds from that country, by Mtflrs. Whitley and 
Brame, Old-Brompton. It is an aquatic, and thrives ex- 
tremely in the ciftern, near the glafs, in the bark (love ; but 
a greenhoufe would probably be as well fuited to it. 

Monf. Ventenat, following the hint given by Gartner, 
hasfeparated Tournefort's Nymphoides from Menyanthes, 
under the name of Villarsia ; comprehending in it every 
known fpecies except our Englifh Buckbean or Mar Hi 
Trefoil; but as there is no other generic difference than that 
the feeds in the latter are attached to the centre of the valve, 
and in the former to its margins, we have not thought it ne- 
ceffary to diftinguifh them. With refped to the natural order, 
Ventenat appears to us to have done very properly in 
removing this genus from Jussieu's Lyfimachitc to his 
Gentian*, with which (efpecially with Swertia) it appears 

in 



in the organization of the feed-vdiel, at Icaft, to have ■ near 
affinity; befides that it approaches the plants of this order 
in its fenhble qualities and medical effects. 

In fyfternatic arrangement, Menyanthes exaUaia fhould 
immediately precede Menyanthes ovata, to which it is very 
nearly allied. 

Flowers in May and June j is propagated by feeds, or 
parting its roots. 



N°I030 




T OurhsSiGeo:GrcfcerJJu?v r ts: 



C 10 3° ] 

Iberis Ciliata. Ciliate-Leaved 

Candytuft. 

$ i f t t ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦' ft 

Gfo/jr tff/i Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliculosa. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. irregularis: petalis 2 exterioribus majoribus. Silicula 
polyfperma, emarginata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IBERIS ciliata; herbacea, foliis fubcarnofis ciliatis, radi- 
calibus fpathulatis, caulinis linearibus. IVilld. Sp. 
PL v. 3. p. 455. 



This little plant is a native of Caucafus, growing in the 
vicinity of the hot fprings of Mount Conftantine. The flowers 
are faid to be more ufually purple. It may eafily be con- 
founded with Iberis garremana of All ion i, which is con- 
sidered by Willdenow as a variety of fempervirens, and is 
the plant ufually met with in our collections, under the name 
wlztKitfaxatilis; but our plant may be difiinguifhed by 
l he leaves being, under all circumftances, minutely ciliated 
and the item hairy near the flowers; whereas in Iberis gar- 
rexiana the whole herb is quite fmooth. Another diftinclion 
njay be found in its extreme bitternefs without acrimony, while 
the latter is merely (lightly acrid, and not at all bitter. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. Is a hardy herbaceous 
Perennial. Flowers in May and June ; and may be propa- 
P a gated by feeds, which it produces freely. 



I°WSi 




*"*-*** Pul.hjT. Curtis 



Sf Gec.Crvfcenl July 11 go J. x s. nJ i^ S*+, 



C 1031 ] 

Oxalis Rubella. Red-Flowered 

OXALIS. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic CharatJer. 

Col. 5-phyllus. Petala unguibus connexa. Stam. ina?qualia, 
5 breviora exteriora bafi connata. Cap/, angulis dehifcens, 
5-gona. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

OXALIS rubella ; caule ramofo foliofo erefto, pcdunculo 
unifloro foliis multoties longiore, foliis tcrnatis fub- 
feffilibus lineari-cuneiformibus, corollis campanulatis 
obtufis, ftylis ftaminibus interioribus brevioribus. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 796. 

OXALIS rubella; corollis campanulatis, ftylis intermedins, 
filamentis edentulis. Jacq. Oxal. n. 29. p. 50. /. 16. 

OXALIS hirta. Jacq. Collecl. 3. p. 232. Ic. Rar. 3. /. 471. 

OXALIS radice fibrofa, caulibus ramofis, foliis ternatis an- 
guftis, florum petiolis longiffimis. Burnt. Afr. 71. 
/. 28./. 2. 



Oxalis hirta t rofacea, and rubella, arc very nearly allied ; 
perhaps too much fo to be properly confidered as diftinct 
fpecies. If they are to be diftinguifhed, our plant, having ob- 
tufe petals, muft be referred to the laft mentioned. 

Drawn at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden at Brompton, 
] n October, but its proper time of flowering is probably in the 
Jpring. Native of the Cape ; requires the fhelter of a green- 
noufe ; propagated by tubers j introduced, according to 
-Mr, Donjj, in 1793. 



A 



TO 



1032 




Sjdz*.,* 3* Tub, byT Curtis St Gro Ct 



<t Jt. 



.J«Jf. 



[ 1032 ] 

Chorizema Nanum. Dwarf Chorizema. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaracJer. 

Cat. tubulofus, 2-labiatus : labium fuperius emarginatum : 
labium inferius 3-fidum laciniis acutis. Cor, papilionacea, 
carina breviflima. Stylus recurvus. Legumen oblongum poly- 
fpermum. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonym. 

CHORIZEMA nanum; caule ere&o flexuofo, foliis oval i bus 

obtufis fpinofo-dentatis. 
PULTENiEA nana, Bot, Repof, t. 434. 



Descr. A minute fhrub with upright flexuore Jfem, hardly 
exceeding five or fix inches in height. Leaves alternate, rigid, 
holly-like, elliptic, obtufe with undulated fpinous margins. 
Stipules minute fpines at the angles of the ftem and the pe- 
duncle. Flowers papilionaceous, diftant, on longifh flexuofe 
racemes growing from the axils of the leaves: pedicles very 
jhort, moftly recurved. Calyx tubular, two-lipped : upper Itp 
■broad emarginate : lower Up (horter than upper, three-toothed : 
teeth equal, acute. Standard targe, emarginate, reflexeo*, 
yellow with a red, ftreaked ftar at the bafe : wings as long as 
the ftandard, very narrow, pendulous, crimfon-coloured : 
keel not half the length of the wings, white with purple tips. 
Stamens ten, diftintt : anthers globular, white. Germen ovate- 
acuminate, villous ; Jlyle fhort, recurved : Jligma truncate. 

M. Labillardiere, who went on the voyage to the South- 
Sea in fcarch of the unfortunate La Perouse, has given the 
nrft account of this genus in his relation of that voyage. To 
the fpecies, which he found on the fouth-weft coaft of New- 
•Holland, he gave the appellation of Chorizema ilicifolium, 
deriving its fpecific name from the refemblance of its leaves to 

thofe 



thofe of Holly, and that of the genus, as we fuppofe, from the 
inconvenience its fpinous leaves mud occafion to the naked- 
footed dancers of that country*. 

Our plant is evidently not the fame fpecies as the one that 
is there defcribed and figured, which is larger and has narrower 
and more pointed leaves, but lefs like thofe of Holly. Speci- 
mens of both are preferved in the Bank Man Herbarium ; that of 
ilicifolium collected on the fouth-weft coaft of New-Holland by 
Mr. Archibald Menzies, and that of nanum raifed in the 
Kew Garden (where it flowered in 1804) from feeds fent from 
the fame country by the late Mr. Peter Good. 

The Chorizema trilobum of Smith (Pulten^ea ilicifolia 
of Botanift's Repofitory, /. 320) a plant with oppofite leaves 
and having, according to the figure, the keel rather longer 
than the wings, we fufpecl. does not belong to this genus. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Hibbert's, Clapham- 
Common, in July 1806 ; but the defcription was made from a 
plant communicated by Mr. Buchanan, Nurferyman, at 
Camberwell. 

Propagated by feeds, which it produces with us. Requires 
a foil fimilar to that ufed for the cultivation of Heaths, and 
merely to be protected from froft. 



* ^ofcc a dance, and £jpia a fine or punifhment. But, if this etymology be 
correct, it would have been more proper to have made it of the feminine than, 
the neuter gender. 



N°W3 



.-^x>« Hib bv 




, -v«« /W* 



C ™33 ] 

MORiEA COLLINA. EQUAL-FLOWERED 
MoRiEA. 

Oafs and Order* 
Triandria Monogynia. 



Generic Charafter. — Fid. N 3S - 593, 613, & 695 ,• uti et nos in 

Annals of Botany, v. 1. p. 238. 



Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 

MORyEA collina (multiflora; cor. uniformis ; imberbis ;) foliis 
lineanbus, convoluto-concavis, nudis ; corollae 
laciniis fubaequalibus, furrum recurvo-patentibus, 
deorfum turbinatim connivenubus, elliptico- 
oblongis, fubacutis, extimis bafi icrobiculo mclli- 
fero notatis; ftigmatibus imminuto-petalifbrmibus ; 
filamento cylindraceo, columellari, pubefcente. G. 

MORi£A collina. Vhunb. Dijf. 11. n. 13. Prod. 9. Jacq. Ic 
Rar. 2. /. 220. Fragm. 14. n. .$!• 

MORjEA miniata. Bot. Repof. tab. 404. 

SISYRINCHIUM collinum. Cavan. Dijf. 6. 346. JVilld. Sp. 
PL 3. 578. 

(*) flore miniato, minore. Bot. Repof. I. c. 

(0) flore fubminiato, majore. Supra. 

[y) flore lutefcente. Jacq. I. c 



Descr. Root a roundifh bulb-tuber, covered with fibrous 
coats ; leaves in the fertile plant generally cauline, 2 — 3, in 
the fterile plant one, radical, linear-brate, narrow, far- 
attenuated, caudate-cufpidiite, convolute-concave, naked, lower 
one reaching far above the ftem, upper fliorter ; Jlem one or 
paniculately inany-fafcicled;/j/«V/^ 2— 3-flowered, convolute- 
lanceolate, awned-acuminate ; corolla ephemeral, regular, up- 
wards uniformly and recurvedly patent, downwards turbinately 

converging ; 



converging ; figments of the fame length, exterior ones 
elliptic oblong, interior oblong, narrower ; ungues broad, nearly 
the length of the lam'mae, outer having at the bafe a fmall oblong 
melliferous indentation ; filament columnar, cylindric, entire, 
pubefcent, about the height of the ungues ; anthers linear- 
oblong, feflile, upright, adpreffed to the ftigmas, than which 
they are very little fhorter ; ftigmas fubpetaloid, bilabiate, 
barely higher than the ungues ; inner lip bifid, with Tubulate 
fegments, but juft longer than the outer which is the broadeft, 
retufely truncate, ciliate, fringed, pubefcent inwards ; capfule 
membranous, columnar, flender, obfoletely trigonal, about an 
inch long. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; from whence the 
prefent fpecimen was imported by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy. 
Blooms in May. A greenhoufe plant. We have feen feveral 
varieties. G. 



Wi034- 




Fub.byTCurtus St Gio.-Crejcent July ,. ,80 



SjiXdvvrlrZtl F S*nfem Sculp. 



[ 10 34 ] 

Crinum Americanum (£). Few-Flowered 
West-Indian Crinum. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ft ft ft ft ft ft i ft ft ft ♦ ft# ft ft ft 

CV^/jr #»</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spatha bivalvis. Cor. fupera hypocrateriformis, deorfum 
tubulofa; limbus fexpartitus, regulariter et recurvatim radians. 
Stum, tubum decurrentia, inde erefcto-divaricantia, fubaffur- 
gentia. Stylus longus, gracilis. Stigma aut leviflime trifidum 
aut cufpis continua, inconfpicua. Caff, rnembranacea, fub- 
iphaenca, tripulvinato-trigona. Sem. aut numer< ra, biferialia, 
congefta, angulofo compreffa, alata, aut carnofo-baccata, fin- 
gulum occupans fuum loculum vel totam capfulam, cujus re- 
ipondet cavitati. G. 

Ubs. Vix nifilimbi magls regular! expanfione ^Amaryllidibus 
tubuhfu (prcefertim ab ornata) difcrepans. Vid. fupra No. 923*. Infior. 
umbellata ramentis jpathaceh inter/line! a. Modo bulbus, terra infidens, adeo 
™<dtttmpromittitfuas tunicas, ut eumfere caudicem veljiipitem dice ret is. Folia 
J a Jciculatim ambientia, ereflo-divergentia, lanceolata, deorfum in petiolos 
atatos, canaliculato-convolutos, carnofo-incrajfatos et per lamtnam cofiatim 
produfios (quofenftm deliquefcunt J angufiata. Corolla 1 acini a alt em a- mu- 
crone introrfum uncinatim appendiculato terminate. Collinet H ^ M A n T H u M 
P*r ejufdem multiflorum. Foret Pancratium quando non caruijjd ijlius 
Jtaminilega corona. Bulbine Gaertn. cujus Crinum Agapanthus 
e fi G. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms* 

CRINUM americanum (umbella pauci-multiflora) foliis oblongo- 
lanceolatis, ftriatulis ; floribus fefiilibus, tubo limbo 
fublongiore; laciniis lanceolatis, planiufculii, lub- 

p undatis, recurvulis. G. 

CRINUM Americanum. L Her it. Serf. Angl 8. Sp. PL 419- 
Hort. Kew. 1. 413. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 46. 

WNUM. Hort. Cliff. 127. Hort. Upf 76. Mill. Dicl. n. 3. 

LI U0-ASPHODELUS americanus fempervirens minor 
albus. CommeL PL Rar. 15. tab. 15. 

We 



We have omitted the ftanding fynonyms of Dillenius 
and Commelin, fufpe&ing them to belong to a fpecies which 
will be hereafter given ; at all events they do not afford a juft 
idea of our prefent variety. The fynonym that we have added 
from Commelin has been generally fubjoined to erubefcens ; 
and is diftinQ; from the one from the fame author which has 
been attributed to this fpecies. 

The fpecific defcription in Hortus Kewenfis is taken from the 
manufcript of the younger Linnaeus, and feems to apply 
better to afiaticum> the flowers being defcribed as " pedicled," 
which is certainly not the cafe here ; but in that they may be 
faid to be fomewhat fo. Our fpecies has fometimes many 
more flowers than appear in the fpecimen here reprefented. 

A native of the Weft- Indies and the continent of South- 
America. Requires to be kept in a hot-houfe, where it flowers 
in the fummer months. Cultivated by Miller. Our draw- 
ing was made at Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, Hammerfmith. 
The Bulb fometimes grows to a great fize. G. 




~+a+. Pub. hy T. Curtis Sf Geo-.Crgfccnt July f 1 80 J r.S^?mS.+ 



[ 1035 ] 

Allium Striatum. Streak-Leaved 

Garlic. 

Clafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia* 

Generic Characler. — Vide N um - 869. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

ALLIUM Jiriatum s foliis radicalibus, lineari-loratis, obtufulis, 
canaliculato-concavis, infra convexulis (triatulis j 
fcapo nudo ex tereti compreflb litis fubaequali ; 
fpatha fcariofo-membranacea, acuminato-ovata, 
umbella laxa pauciflora triplo breviore- corolla^ 
laciniis lanceolatis, patentibus ; filamentis fubulatis 
brevioribus, aequalibus. G. 

ALLIUM Jiriatum. Jacq. 1c. 2. /. 366. Coll. 5. 51* Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 77. 



Descr. Bulb about the fize of a filbert, tunicated, white ; 
leaves about feven or eight inches high, feveral, radical, up- 
right, ftiffifti, linear-lorate, attenuated upwards, bluntifh, 
concave-channelled within, outwards convex, ftriatulate; /cape 
about equal to thefe, from round comprefled, naked ; fpathe 
bivalvedj valve fcariofe-membranous, ovate-acuminate, about 
three times fhorter than the umbel, which is few-flowered 
(6—7) lax ; pedicles filiform, about an inch and a half long ; 
corolla patent; fegments lanceolate ; filaments fubulate, equal, 
Sorter than the corolla ; fiyle filiform ; cap/ule trigonal- 
turbinate ; feed black, mining, from orbicular variously preffed. 
Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden 
atBrompton. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. Has been known for 
fome years among the Nurferymen, but not by the true name, 
blooms in May. Was moft probably imported by the way of 
Holland. Has not the leaft fcent of garlic (that we could 
perceive) in any part of it. G. 



fflmi: 




[ *°36 ] 
Neottia Orchioides. Frosted-Flowered 

Neottia. 

■fc-fc %- %• sf:- JjHfr ^- ^- £ *- M- JMh|h|p 

C/^/jt 0//^ Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Charafter. 

Cor. 5-petala, ringens : petalis exterioribus lateralibus antice 
circa bafin labelli ventricofam connexis. Anthera ftylo acu- 
minato parallela, poftice inferta. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

NEOTTIA orchioides ; foliis radicalibus lato-lanceolatis, fpica 
ere&a, labello bafi cum petalis faccato, lamina 
acuminata. PI. Ind. Occid. 3. p. 1411. JVilld. 
Sp. PL v. 4. p. 75. 

SATYRIUM orchioides; bulbis fafciculatis oblongis, foliis 
lato lanceolatis, fcapo vaginato, neclario cornuto, 
labio lanceolato-acuminato. Sivartz Prod. 118. 
Mart. Mill. Did. a. 13. 

SATYRIUM. 7. aphyllum, fcapo erefto fimplici fubfquamofo 
fpicato. Browne Jam. 325. 



For this very rare and beautiful plant, which we believe 
has never been before figured, we are indebted to E. J. A. 
Woodford, Efq. at whole feat, near Rickmanfworth, it 
flowered in May laft, in the ftove. 

When clofely infpeaed it appears covered over with pel- 
lucid and white dots, much refembling hoar-froft. Is faid 
by Swartz to grow in the raoft arid places among grafs in 
Jamaica. 



N°W3 







—* tot Thb bjT Cu*tLr Sf Geo: C-Tcent J?u ? :f , 



lUtf? f607. F.Smn/bnStup 



L 10 37 ] 
Verbascum Ovalifolium. Oval- 
Leaved Mullein. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata, fubinaequalis. Cap/. 2-Iocularis, 2-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

VERBASCUM ovalifolium ; caule ere&o fimplici, foliis 
ovalibus feffilibus, dentato-crenatis fuperne 
glabriufculis, floribus fpicatis. 

VERBASCUM ovalifolium. Donn Cat. ed. 4. p. 42. 



Descr. Root biennial. Stem round, ereft, fimple, tomentofe 
but not white. Leaves alternate, feflile, equidiftant, oval, 
crenate, with a fmall fharp tooth frequently growing from the 
rounded one, rugofe, naked on the upper furface and tomen- 
tofe on the under. Flowers in a long fimple fpike, growing 
fingly and feflile. Bracles 3, feflile and clofe to the calyx : 
middle one orbicular-acuminate, fide ones narrower. Calyx 
woolly, white, 5 -toothed : teeth conniving, acute. Corolla 
large, plain, yellow, deeply divided into 5 nearly orbicular 
laciniae, of which the two lateral ones are fomewhat the largeft. 
Stamens 5, of a deep orange colour : the three upper filaments 
and lunar anthers very hairy, the two lower ones almofl: naked, 
and the anthers like half the upper ones and thinly bearded on 
one fide only : pollen orange-coloured. Piftil green : Germen 
globofe, very villous : Style declined, the length of the ftamens: 
Stigma club-fhaped and flattened at top. Capfule globofe, two- 
valved, two-celled; diflepiment double, formed by the infle&ed 
margins of the valves, and dilating into a central fpongy re- 
ceptacle. Seeds rugofe brown. 

This 



This fpecies has very much the habit of Verbascum 'Tbap* 
/us, next to which it may be placed in the fyftem. It refembles 
Celsia cretica (No. 964) too much to leave a doubt of their 
belonging to the fame genus ; though not quite fo much as 
another that we have received from the fame quarter, which 
we call Verbascum caucajeum, without being quite certain, 
however, that we may not have interchanged thefe names as 
applied by Mr. Donn in his Catalogue of the Botanic Garden 
at Cambridge. Flowers from July to September. Propagated 
by feeds. Native of Mount Caucafus. Hardy. Introduced 
about the year 1804, by M r « Loddiges, 



38 




Del Jib. 3 y X Curfir ft r»~ r r f . 



OJ JT Sa-n/cmjiu!t> 



\ 



[ 1038 ] 



Gentiana Caucasea. Caucasian - 
m Gentian. 

♦ frfr |t ♦ ♦ ft $ ft $ $ 3 gl ft ft 

/': C/j/ir ^«i/ Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

Cor. l-petala. Gj/>/I 2-valvis, l-locularis: Receptaculis 2, 
longitudinalibus. 

Specific Cbaraffer, 

GENTIANA caucafea s corollis quinquefidis hypocrateri- 
formibus fauce barbatis, foliis ovatis acutis, 
caule tetragono afcendente, pedunculis axillari- 
bus calyce longioribus. 



Descr. Root biennial ? Stem fquare, afcending. Leaves 
oppofite, feflile, ovate-acuminate, three-nerved, fmooth, quite 
entire. Peduncles axillary, one-flowered, as long as the leaf, 
folitary : at the extremity of the main ftem there are frequently 
four flowers, but there are four leaves growing together croff- 
wife, fo that the peduncles iffue fingly from the axil of each 
leaf. Calyx tubular 5-cornered, fplitting with age, 5-toothed : 
teeth fubulate the length of the tube of the corolla. Corolla 
tubular-faucer-fhaped, tube longer than limb, greenifh : limb 
violet-coloured, 4-cleft, fegments obtufe : throat bearded. 
Stamens 5, enclofed ; filaments inferted at the bafe of the tube : 
Anthers white : Germen linear : Stigmas 2, divaricate. Capfule 
nine-pin-fliaped, clothed with the perfiftent calyx and corolla, 
one-celled. 

We received this fpecies laft year, under the name we have 
adopted, from Mr. Loddiges, who raifed it from feeds he 
received from Mount Caucafus. Flowers in July. Propagated 
ty feeds only. Hardy. 



N-iot 




C-urlu J* Geo-.C-rtfcent Auj- 1 fSOj F S*nsc™S C ulf>. 



[ 10 39 ] 
Gentiana Saponaria. Barrel- 
Flowered Gentian. 

Cla/s and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Or. l-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, l-locularis: Receptaculis 2, 
longitudinalibus. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA Saponaria ; floribus verticillato-capitatis feffili- 
bus, corollis fubdecemfidis ventricofis claufis, 
laciniis altemis fimbriatis minoribus, foliis 
ovato-lanceolatis trinerviis glabris. 

GENTIANA Saponaria ; corollis quinquefidis campanulatis 
ventricofis verticillatis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis 
trinerviis. Frcelich Gent. p. 32. n. 8. Willd* 
Sp. PI. 1. 1338. 

GENTIANA Saponaria. Sp. Pi. 330. Hort. Kew. 1. 323. 
Mart. Mill. Dift. a. 12. Michaux Flor. Bor. 
Amer. 1. p. 176. 

GENTIANA fimbriata / corollis campanulatis decem-fidis : 
laciniis alternis fimbriatis minoribus, foliis lan- 
ceolatis. Vahl Symb. 3. p. 46. Mart. Mill. 
Ditl. a. 50. 

GENTIANA Ca1efb<ei ,• corollis extus caeruleis, foliis lan- 
ceolatis remotis. Walt. Carol. 109. 

GENTIANA floribus ventricofis campanulatis ere&is quin- 
quefidis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis. Gron. Virg. 29. 

GENTIANA major virginiana flore caeruleo Iongiore. Rati 
Suppl. 369. 

GENTIANA virginiana, faponariae folio, flore caeruleo Ion- 
giore. Mori/. Hifi./e£i. 12. t. 5. / 4« Catejb. 
Car. 1. /. 70, 

This very handfome fpecies of Gentian is a native of North- 
America ? \yhere it js very common in grafTy places in the 

woods. 



woods. The fimhriata of Vahl is fuppofed not to differ from 
this fpecies. In fa& the folds on the infide of the corolla 
terminate in fmall teeth fomewhat jagged, between the larger 
teeth, but owing to the involution of the margins of the larger 
laciniae, thefe fmaller teeth do not appear; for the flower 
never expands, but remains always clofed at the point ; which 
circumftance, added to the fize and barrel-like form of the 
corolla, at once diftinguifhes it from every other known fpe- 
cies. We fufpeft the Gentian a ochroleuca maybe a mere 
variety of this plant, but this we have at prefent no means of 
afcertaining. 

A hardy perennial, requires a fhady fituation and a mixture 
of bog-earth or rotten leaves with a loamy foil. Introduced 
to the Kew Garden in 1776, by Mr. William Young- 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges. 




Ihb byT. Curtis S e B r r r 



/ -F 



C 10 4o ] 

Anthericum Vespertinum. Afternoon- 
Flowering Anthericum. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Vide N um - 816. 

Specific Qjaraclcr and Synonyms. 

ANTHERICUM vefpertimim foliis radicalibus, canalicular- 
triquetris, longe attenuatis, glabris, margine 
ad ta&um fcabrida ; racemo (faepius corn- 
pofito)alopecuroideo-fpicato,floribi]sfparfis, 
adprefle et imbricatim confertis j filamentis 
radiato-divergentibus, ad lentem glandulof'o- 
muricatis ; ftylo tortiufculo genuine ali- 
quoties longiore. G. 

ANTHERICUM vefpertimim. Jacq. Hort. Schcenb. i. 44. 
/. 85. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 139. 



Descr. Rootftock bulbicipital ; roots thick, flefhy, fubfafci- 
c ulate ; leaves fafciculately ambient, rather upright, condu- 
P'icate at their bafe, twice fhorter than ftem, fubtriquetral, 
channelled, upwards carinate, gradually tapering from the 
bottom, far-acuminate, fmooth, deep green, edges rough to the 
touch ; Jiem round, leaflefs, branched ; raceme many-flowered, 
u pnght cylindric, fparfe adpreffedly fpiked, clofe, imbricate; 
pedtcles about the length of the flowers, filiform, adpreffed- 
erect ; bracles membranous, awled-cufpidate, about twice 
'norter than pedicles ; corolla hexapetaloufly parted, radiately 
Patent; Jegments oval-oblong, bluntifh, traverfed externally by 
a longitudinal carinate ridge ; inner ones rather the broadefr, 
'ightly conftringed or notched on each fide juft above their 
Da 'e, and marked inwards with a didymous yellow fpot ; fila- 
Wf »/j white, radiately expanded, fhorter than fegments, filiform, 

tapered 



tapered at each end or fublanceolately filiform, appearing 
through a flight magnifier covered with glandular prickles or 
muricated ; anthers fhort, fomewhat oblong ; germen fmall, 
fphaerical, fextorofe, fexfulcate ; ftyle feveral times longer than 
this, equal to ftamens, filiform, triquetral, upright, twifted, 
tapering towards ihtjiigma t which is an inconfpicuous point. 

The bloom is without fcent, and does not expand until 
after mid-day. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. A greenhoufe plant 
of eafy culture. The drawing was taken from a fpecimen im- 
ported by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, of Hammerfmith. G. 




■■■*S*~«rl>*. A>. hjT. Cur-l^st ft* Cnfc^l^uj: , tec?. * **-?-*+ 



C 1041 ] 

Patersonia Sericea. Silky Patersonia. 
■ iM #♦♦ -♦• ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ #4f» *M* ^NNs- 

C/tf/} aw;/ Order. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis ; Tubo longo gracili ; Limbo fex- 
partito, laciniis interioribus minuds. Fil. connata. Stylus 
capillaris, apice exferto, in plerifque clavato-tumido, clavae 
medio faepius articulatim conftrifto. Stigm. 3, laminasformia, 
indivifa, fubcucullata. Cap/, obtufe trigona, prifmatica, per- 
gaminea. Sem. numerofa. Brown MJcr. Flor. Nov, Holl. 

Obs. Plantae perennes. Radice fafciculafim fibrofa. Caulefubnulla. 
v. brevi imbricatim follofo, compreffb, fujfruticofo,Jimpliei, aliquando ramofo. 
Foliis dijlichis, equitantibus, angujie enjiformibus, linearibufue , compaclis. 
Scapo terminali, folitario, Jimpliajfimo. Spatha communi unica, terminali, 
bivahiy valvis Jape fufcatis jphacelatifve ; includenti partiales nonmtUas, 
eonfertas, unifloras, Jcariofas. Floribus breve pedieellatis, fpeeiofis, coeru- 
leis, fugacijjimis. Cap fulis fubfejjili bus, fpatba perjijienti inclufu. Patria 
Nova Hollandia, extra tropicum. Statio Jlerilia aprlca, prope oras, fob 
faxifo v. arenofo, rarius in pratis humidis. Brown he. cit. Genosiris. 
Labillardiere ? 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PATERSONIA Jericea. Scapus, fpathaeque fericeae. Folia 
enfiformia, ftrifta, fcapo vix duplo longiora, 
interdum fubaequantia ; paginis glabris, mar- 
ginibus tenuiffime pubefcentibus, carina 
bafeos lanata. Brown MJcr. Flor. Nov. HolL 

Descr. Root fibrous, perennial ; Leaves radical, feveral, 
about fix inches high, linear-enfiform, narrow, obfoletely plano- 
convex, ftiffifh, elaftic, obfeurely nerved, fmooth, tomentofely 
ciliate, edgewife oppofite, diftich, at the bafe conduplicate 
and equitantly compacl, diverging upwards j Scape central, 
fubaffurgent, one fafcicled, from round compreffed, fomewhat 
enlarged upwards, tomentofe, about the length of the leaves ; 
floral fafcicle fpathaceous, many-flowered, terminal, ovate- 
lanceolate, valves conduplicate, compreffed, compact, two 
outer, thickifhly membranous, fphacelate, brown, ftriatulate, 
tomentofe, inner thinner, fcariofe ; Flowers produced in fuc- 
ceffion, largifh, ephemeral, violet-coloured, hypocrateriform ; 
tube fubtriquetral, partly enclofed by the fpathes, fhorter than 
the limb % which is fixparted, explanate ; quter Segments ovate, 

obtufe, 



obtufe, inner minute feafily overlooked) fubulate, erect, one 
or two of which are fometimes entirely obliterated ; the flower 
altogether reminds us of that of Trade sc a n t i a virginica (vid. 
fupra No. 105) ; Filaments connate into an upright, cuniculate, 
rather tapering cylinder, far fhorter than the outer fegments ; 
Anthers beneath the ftigmas, fhort, ovate, feffile, diverging, 
yellow ; Style capillary, the length of the filamentofe cylinder, 
clavately tumefcent towards the fummit, and at the junction with 
the ftigmas having a remarkable joint-like conftri&ion, where 
thefe, which are at firif. erec"t, prefently incline, at laft be- 
coming refra&edly pendulous; Stigmas three, triquetrally con- 
crete downwards, feparating upwards into divergently upright 
cucullately convolute laminae, glandularly roughened inwards, 
with a broad, patent, rounded, fuberofely ciliate border ; 
Germen flender-oblong, trigonal, fubfeffile, woolly pubefcent, 
enclofed. 

Our fpecimen was furnifhed us by Meffrs. Lee and Ken- 
nedy, of Hammerfmith, who received the feeds, from which 
they raifed it, from Port Jackfon ; we believe it to be the firft 
fpecies of this order from that country that has bloomed in any 
European garden. Requires the lhelter of a greenhoufe, and 
appears to be of eafy culture. Without fcent. 

For the above generic and fpecific characters we are entirely 
indebted to the liberal communication of Mr. Brown ; they 
are famples that have increafed, if poflible, the eagernefs with 
which we have long looked for the publication of the work, 
from the manufcript of which they have been extracted. The 
Herbarium of this gentleman contains four other fpecies col- 
lected by him, while accompanying Captain Flinders in his 
voyage of difcovery. He has not confidered any of them as ne- 
ceffarily congeners of Lab illardiere's Genosiris fragilis ; 
but has united them in a feparate divifion, under an appellation 
by which he commemorates his friend, Colonel Paterson, the 
lieutenant-governor of New South-Wales, a gentleman whofe 
name has been long familiar to the naturalift. 

This genus has theclofeft affinity with Aristea, Witsenia, 
Tapeinia, and Diplarrena, between the two firft of which 
we fhould place it. Notwithftanding fome apparently material 
difcrepancies, upon the face of Labillardiere's defcription 
and figure, between Patersonia and Genosiris (which 
difcrepancies, by the bye, we think are in fome meafure in- 
creafed by the defeclivenefs of that defcription and figure (we 
have no doubt but that the latter rauft one day merge in thg 
pne we are now treating of. G % 



[ 10 4 2 ] 

Gladiolus Versicolor (a) & (*). Large- 
Flowered Corn-Flag. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. N os - 538 8c 566. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS verficohr. Vid. N um - 556 ,- ubi in fynonymis 
Junt adjiciendi Gladiolus grandis Vahl 
Enum. 2. 87. n. 20, [nobis a) ^/Gladiolus 
elongatus ejufdem L c. 81. «. 9 (nobis S) ; qui 
quoque iidem cum Glad 10 lo grandi et elon- 
gato Tbunb. Prodr. 185. et Aft. Soc. h. n. 
havn. v. 6. 

(a) major ; valvula extima fpathae corollae aequali; corolla fufce- 
fcente. G. 

\i)binervis; foliis binervibus ; corolla pallefcente. G. 

N. Generis fynthefis in No. 992. 



For an account of the fpecies we have to refer to No. 556 
of this work ; to which we have here added other fynonyms 
from the works of Vahl and Thunberg, fince come to our 
knowledge. For the fpecimens of the two fine varieties here 
given, we are indebted to the collection of MefTrs. Lee and 
Kennedy, of Hammerfmith ; (t) is a variety we had never 
before met with. Both are very fragrant in the evening : (a.) 
"as fometimes four flowers, and is the largeft of the genus 
known to us : [t) comes very near to triftis, but has not a 
quadrangular leaf. The lower figure in our plate is (a) ; the 
u PPer and principal one (s). G. 




& 7. T SanfomScxJp 



C !°43 ] 

CONVALLARIA StELLATA. STAR-FLOWERED 

Solomon's Seal. 

C/jA and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatlcr. — Fid. N un - 899. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CONVALLARIA Jlellata * (Smi laces. Tournef. CorolU ro- 
tate) foliis akernis, femiamplexicaulibus, 
ovato-lanceolatis, fubplicatim {triads, fub- 
tusvillofis; racemofimplici, ovato-oblongo, 
ereclo. G. 

CONVALLARIA fiellata. Linn. Sp. PL 452. Hort. Kew. 

1. 456. Mart. Mill. Dtif. Willd. Sp. PI. 

2. 163. Micbaux Flor. Bor-Amer. 1. 202. 
POLYGONATUM virginianum ereclum fpicatum, flore ftel- 

iato. Mori/. Hijl. 3. p. 536. /. 15. c. 4. 

/■ 7- 
POLYGONATUM fpicatum fertile. Corn. Canad. 33. /. 34. 



Des-cr. Root fkfhy, creeping; ftems many, upright, round, 
fubgeniculately flexuofe, leafy, joints far fhorter than leaves, 
nervedly ftreaked, quite fimple, villofe towards the top ; leaves 
a -l cauline, recurvedly patent, lanceolate-ovate, half-ftem- 
embracing, underneath nerved-ftreaked villofe, upper ones 
oofoletely plicate tender; lower fuboppofitely alternate ; two 
terminal ones nearly enveloping the inflorefcence which they 
jurmount ; raceme fubthyrfiform, upright, fimple, ovate-oblong, 
»parfe, compact, terminal, the two loweft flowers iffuing from the 
axils of the two upper leaves ; pedicles about the length of the 
diameter of the corolla, divaricately patent ; brakes fin all, 
membranous, clofely adprefled to and much fhorter than thefe; 

corolla 



corolla fmall, yellowifh white, hexapetaloufly parted, rotate ; 
fegments oval-oblong, blunt ; filaments about twice fhorter than 
thefe, hypogynous, adnate to their bafe, flat, Tubulate, upright- 
diverging ; anthers fmall, yellow, ovate-round ; Jlyle upright, 
tapering from and twice fhorter than the germen, fubulate, 
triquetral ; Jligma inconfpicuous ; germen yellowifh white, 
round-ovate, fubfextorofe. 

A hardy perennial plant ; native of Canada j flowers in 
May ; the bloffom has a flight degree of fragrance j long fince 
cultivated in this country. Our drawing was made at Meffrs. 
Lee and Kennedy's. G. 



C 10 44 ] 
Anthericum Revolutum. Curled- 
Flowered Anthericum. 

Clafs and Order* 
Hexandrta Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. — Fid. N um - Si 6. 

Obs. Dffirt Ornithogah et Alhuca radicatione hahente rhizvna crajfe 
vel ttiam fubtuberofe et fufyculatim jtl/fofiiM et baud raro in caudicem 
froduftum. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANTHERICUM revolutum ; foliis ex loratis longe a'femiatis, 
craflis, coriaceis, ftriatis, partim glaudu'ofo- 
fcabridlufculis ; caule ftneto, divancatim 
ramofo ; racemis mulfifloris, rariufculisf 
pedicellis fubappreflis j corolla revoluto- 
rotata; laciniis lineari-oblongis, obtufuJis ; 
filamentis fafciculatim convergentibus, bafi 
complanatis et germini exiguo adaptatis, 
alternis pras aliis floccofo-pubefcentibus. G. 

ANTHERICUM revolutum. Linn. Sp. 445. Syft. 330. Mill. 
Di8. 1. Hort. Kew. 1. 447. fVilid. Sp. PL 
2. 138. Tbunb. Prod. 62. Mart. Mill. 
Dicl. 

ANTHERICUM flexifolium. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. /. 412. Coll. 
Suppl. 93. Hayne Term. Bot. t. 30. /. 6. 
Linn. Suppl. 201. t Thunb. Prod. 62. f 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 135. Allegavimus Lin- 
nasi et Thunbergii lynonima quia ab aliis 
allegata, fed, uti nobis videtur, ex mera 
conjeclura ; et conje&ura quidern fold freta 
tituli fpecifici identitate, repugname de- 
fcriptione. G. 

PHALANGIUM sethiopicum ramofum, floribus albis, petalis 
reflexis. Commel. Hort. Amji. 1. 67. t. 34. 
fig. bona. 

Descr# 



Descr. A flefliy rootjlock from which defcend feveral thick 
flefhy fubfufiform fibres or roots. Stem upright, ftrift, round, 
compreffed, paniculately and divaricately branched; inflorefcence 
racemofe ; racemes feveral, ftraight, many-flowered, rather 
clofe ; pedicles rather (horter than the diameter of the corolla, 
filiform, upright, diverging but little ; brakes fhorter than 
thefe, membranous, ovate, convolute, awned-acuminate ; co- 
rolla fix-parted, revolutely radiate, at their bafe turbinately 
convergent for a very fhort fpace ; fegments linear-oblong, 
fomewhat concave, obtufe, white, traveried by a green keeled 
line without, flightly unguiculate and marked with a kind of 
double yellow ftain at the bafe within, inner ones nearly twice 
the broadeft ; filaments entirely hypogynous, not adnate to the 
fegments, than which they are fomewhat fhorter, attenuately 
filiform, ere£t, fafciculately convergent, flattened down- 
wards, and adprefled to the germen, where they are to- 
mentofely pubefcent, particularly the alternate ones, which are 
fomewhat higher; anthers fhort-oblong ; ftyle erect, longer 
than ftamens, filiformly (lender, (lightly curved ; Jligma an 
inconfpicuous point; germen green, fmall, hexagonally ob- 
ovate, perforated by three fmall pore-like apertures, from each 
of which iffues a fmall drop of cryftalline liquid, as in Hya- 
cinth us orient alls. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope; cultivated in 1731, 
by Miller. Our drawing was made at the Nurfery of 
Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's, Old-Brompton. G. 



%10<f5 




1 



JUbTOrfiStCn&yint jy , , ae „ 



[ 10 45 ] 

m0r;£a bltuminosa. yellow-flowered 

Clammy Mor^ea. 

•$•-$$-$ #•*■ *# 4hM* ♦♦♦♦#♦♦# 

C/^/> #«i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N 05 - 593, 613, & 695. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MORjEA bltuminofa (imberbis ; Jligm. petaloidea) foliis non- 
nullis, convoluto-concavis; extimo fpiraliter torto ; 
cauli brachiatim et fafciculatim polyftachio ; 
ramulis viridi-vifcofis ; corollae laminis conformi- 
bus, ovato-oblongis, acutis ; extimis majoribus, 
cujus ungues imo fcrobiculati, melliferi ; filamentis 
bafin ufque difcretis, columnariter arreftis. G. 

MOR^EA bituminofa. G. in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 240. 

IRIS bituminofa. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 42. tab. 2. f. 2. prod. 12. 
Linn. Suppl. 98. Vahl Enum. 2. 150. Willi, Sp. 
PL 1. 239. 



Descr. Root a bulb-tuber ; Leaves feveral, linear-lorate, 
convolute-concave, lower one fpirally twilled fometimes at the 
bafe, at others very remarkably fo and for a confiderable dif- 
tance towards the upper part, (in our plant it was only fo very 
near the bafe, whence the draughtfman has not fhewn that 
characler in the figure, having done the upper length only) 
fhorter than the item, fmooth, ftreaked on the outfide, mining 
on the under ; fubradical longeft, ftem-embracing, fheathing 
for fome diftance ; upper ones fpathe-like, fhort ; fern about 
two feet high or more, culmaceous, paniculately branching, 
fomething in the manner of a chandelier, jointed, upright, 
ftjffifh, elaftic, fmooth, fheathed at every joint by a leaf like 
ftipule t from the axil of which iffiie the branches, from the 
lowermoft one, from the next two, from the uppermoft three ; 
thefe branches or peduncles are fafcicled of equal length, affnr- 
gently diverging, with one flower-fafcicle, filiform, ftiffifh, elaftic, 

green, 



green, fmeared over with a tranfparent glutinous fubftance, that 
retains all fmall infe6is and any light particles that touch it ; fiord 
fdfcicles 4 — 5 flowered, upright, lanceolate, conduplicate- 
convokue, round, green, free from arty of the Micky fubftance 
that covers the branches, about an inch in length, fphacelate 
towards the top ; pedicles enclofed ; fiowers expanding towards 
the evening, fcarcely lading more than three or four hours ; co- 
rolla hexapetaloufly parted, beardlefs ; ungues turbinately con- 
verging, upright; outer ones having a fmall melliferous indenta- 
tion at their bale ; lamin<e uniform, ovate-oblong, acute, pen- 
dulous-reflected, alternate ones largeft ; fi'aments length of the 
ftyle and longer, ungues parted to theirvery bafe,but, converging 
into a kind of roundifh column, they appear, until examined, 
as if they were monadelphous ; anthers linear-oblong, brownifh, 
pointed ; Jiigmas petaloid, divaricately patent ; inner lip bifid, 
fubcuneate, upright, ferrately-gafhed, outer lip fmall, bipartite; 
germen fhort, turbinately triquetral. 

We think this plant is fcarcely fpecifically difrinft from vif- 
caria, already given No. 587 of this work ; but, as it is a 
taller plant than that, with fpiral channelled leaves, which in thefe 
are flatter and not at all twilled ; and has befides a different co- 
loured corolla, as well as green inftead of brownifh branches, 
as in vifcaria, we have retained Thun berg's name and kept 
it diftinft. — In the 2d page of No. 696 above, we have de- 
fcribed, in an amended fpecific character of Mor^ea vifcaria, 
the filaments as connate ; in this we were deceived by appear- 
ances, and for want of due infpeftion ; they are completely 
diflinft, and entirely the fame as in the prefent fpecies. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence the fpe- 
cimen, from which our drawing was taken, was imported by 
Melfrs. Lee and Kennedy, of Hammerfmith, who had alfo 
fome plants of MorjE-a vifcaria, by which we were enabled 
to difcover the miftake we had made in regard to the ftamens 
of that fpecies. — In both every other part is free from that 
clammy fubftance that covers the branches. G. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 696, pag. alt. 1. 33, pro " filamentis connatis," lege " filamentis bafin 
afijue difcietis." 



[ 1046 ] 

Albuca Physodes. Dingy-Flowered 
Albuca. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Fide N um - 871. 

Obs. Differ t ORNITHOGALO alternis laciniis apice forn'icato-inflexulls 
incrajfat'ifque ; Jlylo triquetro quaft ex tribus concrctis ; Jligmate glan- 
dulofo pubefcenttr; Antherico per radicem Jolido-bulbojam. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA ^/o^j/bulbofubtunicato-folido; foliis lanccolato- 
oblongis, diu pofl emarcidaro inflorefcentiam pro- 
venientibus j racemo pyramidato-oblongo, con- 
fertiufculo ; pedicellis horizontaliter porrcBis ; 
tota corolla ftellato-patente ; filamentis bafi extus 
glandulofo-pubefcentibus ; ftigmate parum con- 
fpicuo, depreffo, glandulofo-hirtulo. G. 

ANTHER'ICUM phyfodes. J acq. Ic Rar. 2. /. 418. Coll. 
Suppl. 94. mild.Sp. PL 2. 147.— rejedo Thun- 
bergii fynonymo nimis dubio. G. 



Descr. Root fubtunicate, nearly folid, of a very clofe 
texture and firm fubftance, ovate-pyramidal, of a puikifh hue 
on the outfide, covered with very fine cuticles ; leaves 5—6, 
6—9 inches long, 1— x\ broad, appearing long after the 
entire decay of the inflorefcence, feveral, ambiem, from up- 
right diverging, oblong-lanceolate, channelled-concave, con- 
volute at the bafe, entire, ftreaked, fhining; /cape naked, 
upright, round, purplifh ; raceme upright, fparle, from oblong- 
Pyramidate, many-flowered, not clofe ; pedicles filiform, feveral 
times longer than the diameter of the corolla, horizontally 
patent, at right angles with the racbis ; bractes final I, concave, 

blumifh; 



bluntifti ; corolla of a very pale yellow-brown, ftellately patent, 
hexapetaloufly parted \Jegments linear-oblong, inwards concave, 
blumifh, with their fummits fornicately incurved for a very 
fhort fpace, outwards traverfed longitudinally by a fubcarinate 
flreak ; filutnetiti about a third fhorter than iegments, equal, 
fubulate, narrowed at their bafe, where they are flighily 
glandular-pubefcent j anthers oblong, fhort, incumbent, yellow- 
green ; fiyle rather longer than germen, higher than (tamens, 
about even with the corolla, upright, triquetral-nlifoim ; Jligma 
a deprefled termination or point, pencil-wife and glandularly 
pubelccnt ; germen pyramidal-ovate, ftreaked-fulcate. 

The magnified filaments are reprefented in J acquin's figure 
as covered with cryftalline papillae; but we could not perceive 
fuch in the magnifier we ufed, and fufpe6l that the painter has 
been deceived by the pollen that generally adheres to the fila- 
ments when difcharged by the anthers. We do not know how 
WiLLDtNOw will contrive to fhew that An th eric um margi- 
natum of Thunberg's PRODROMus,isafynonym of theprefent 
fpecies. A native of the Cape of Good Hope. Drawn at 
Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's. G. 



N 9 104J. 



SjiZi*^, i> t i. Tub. bj T. Curtis S^Geo: Crefctnl Sep 



C 1047 ] 

Mor^ea Tenuis. Brown-Flowered 

MoRiEA. 

■$■ » ♦ »&♦♦ » ♦ » %» ■» $♦» ♦♦ » 

C/^/jr #»i Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 593, 613, &? 694. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MORiEA tenuis (barbata ; ftigmata petaloidea) folio glabro, 
fubunico ; caule culmaceo, tenui, fimplici, vol 
ramolo ; corolla? laminis extimis integerrimis, re- 
curvatim deflexis, fuis unguibus triplo-longioribus; 
his unguibus intimis duplo-brevioribus, bafi fcrobi- 
culatim melliferis ; laminis intimis parvulis, triden- 
tatim partitis, dente media fpiraliter involuta ; 
filamentis unguibus lougioribus aequalibus, deorfum 
connatis, furfum columnariter conniventibus. G. 

IRIS tricafpis. Var. minor. Jacq. Ic. rar. v. 2. tab. 222. 



Descr. Leaf one, fubradical, narrow, linear-lorate, con, 
volute-concave, fmooth, fhorter than the ftem ; cufpidately- 
caudate ; flem culmaceous, two feet or more high, fimple or 
with one or two branchlets, upright, round, (lender, ftiffifh, 
geniculate, fheathed at the joints (which are generally two) by 
a fingle fpathelike fhort leaf, upwards elaftic, filiform ; floral 
fafcicle about three inches long, narrow-lanceolate, round, 
green, fmooth, the general involucre or upper valve nearly 
twice the fhorteft ; pedicles enclofed; flowers 2-3 in fuccefiron, 
fcentlefs, not ephemeral as in raoft fpecies of this genus, but 
lafting fix or eight days; corolla, Iris-like, hexapetaloufly 
parted, moft unequal ; ungues from upright (lightly turbinately 
diverging, concave, outer ones glandularly bearded, twice the 
kroadeft, fhorter, with a fmall indentation at their bafe, over- 
flowing 



flowing with a cryftalline honied fecretion ; outer lamina 
many times the latgeft, obovate, oblong, refracledly re- 
curved, pendent, narrowed at their bafe and papillofely 
roughened; inner tridentwife cleft, two lateral teeth (mall, 
middle one feveral times the largeft, acuminate, fpi rally invo- 
lute ; filaments columnar, the lengrh of the inner ungues, 
connate downwards, appearing fo (till clofely examined J all 
the way, {landing on the glandularly thickened difk of the 
corolla; anthers oblong-linear, horizontally reflexed, ad- 
prefled to the ftigmas ; jiyle the length of the filaments ; Jiigmas 
petaloid, lorate-linear, radiately patent, horizontal ; inner lip 
feveral times the largeft, bipartite, fegments oblong-acute, bent 
backwards, upright ; outer lip minute, bidentately divided, 
fegments bent downwards. 

What fpecific diftinftion may be conceived to exift between 
the prefent plant tricufpis (Fid. fupra No. 168, 696) and 
unguiculata (vid. fupra No. 593) we have endeavoured to 
detail in the above fpecific character ; but we can hardly pre- 
vail upon ourfelves to deem them really diftinft fpecies. 

The drawing of this very rare vegetable was made at 
Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, who imported it this year from 
the Cape of Good Hope. Jacquin's fpecimen has three 
fhort branches. G. 



11*101*. 




fyiE+0* - Ali bjrT CuAs jf CQrrf^t f t f f 190? -F S,r,fcmSn 



C 1048 ] 

Linum Hypericifolium. Mallow- 
Flowered Flax. 

C/^/} #tfi Order. 

PeNTANDRIA PSNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Pet. 5. Cap/. 5-valvis, 10-locularis. &w. 
folitaria. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LINUM hypericifolium ; foliis feflilibus oblongo-ovatis alternis 
fuboppofitifque quinquenerviis punftatis margine 
pilofis, ftylis ftaminibus brevioribus bafi coalitis, 
ftigmatibus clavatis. 

LINUM hypericifolium. Salijbury in Paradif. Loud. 79. 

LINUM venujium. Bot. Repof. 477. 



Descr. Stem ereft, rounded, foft-hairy, rough at the 
lower part from the veftiges of decayed leaves. Leaves alter- 
nate, but approaching one another by pairs, fefiile, long-oval, 
five-nerved, ciliated, dotted with fmall black points. Peduncles 
in a terminal corymb. Bratles lance-fhaped, ciliated. Calyx 
five-leaved, leaflets ovate-acuminate, hairy, three internal, and 
two external. Corolla fhewy, very like thofe of the common 
mallow, five-petalled : petals wedge-fhaped, very obtufe, quite 
entire but fomewhat crifped at the margin, ftrongiy veined ; 
claws yellow, fluted, united at the bafe Stamens five : fila- 
ments dilated at the bafe : anthers purple. Ovary globofe- 
conical, villous : Styles united at the bafe, morter by half 
than ftamens: Stigmas club-fhaped, reflected between the fila- 
ments below the anthers. 

We received this beautiful Linum from Mr. Loddiges in 
flower in May laft, and a fucceffion of bloom continued for 

feveral 



feveral weeks. It was raifed from feeds, which Mr. Loddiges 
received from Mount Caucafus, and we fear whether the root 
may be more than biennial ; but under favourable circumftances, 
there is no doubt that ripe feeds will be produced. 

This comes very near to Linum hirfutum of Linnaeus, 
the Linum fylvejire primum of Clusius, if it be not a mere 
variety of that fpecies, in his defcription of which, the latter 
author exprefsly compares the flowers to thofe of the Mallow ; 
a refemblance fo remarkable in our plant, that we had intended 
calling it mafoteflorum y had we not been foreftalled in two of 
the periodical publications of laft month. In the reflection of 
the ftyles, between the filaments and the clubbed or capitate 
ftigmas, it correfponds with the defcription of Linum 
auftriacunt; and in the extenfive Herbarium of A.B. Lambert, 
Efq. there is a fpecimen from Pallas, confidered by him as 
a hairy variety of that fpecies, which approaches very near to 
our plant. 




£*iW2V. Jhi. byT Curtis J? Gtc.&efctnt Sep r t t&Oy. JF. 



C 1049 ] 

Cardiospermum Halicacabum. Smooth 
Heart-Seed. 

C/a/i #»</ Order. 

OdANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Pet. 4. Neil. 4-phyllum, insequale. Cap/, 
3, connatae, inflatae. Sent, globofa, cordata macula ad hylum 
notata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CARDIOSPERMUM Halicacabum ; caule, petiolis, foliolif- 

que incifo-dentatis glabris. IVilld. Sp. 

PL v. 2. p. 467. 
CARDIOSPERMUM Halicacabum ; foliis tevibus. Sp. PL 

525. Hort. Cliff. \§o. Hort. Up/. 97. 

Fl. Zeyl. 142. Rei chard Sp. PL 2. p. 

220. Mart. Mill. Dift. a. 1. Kniph. 

Cent. 2. n. 1 1. G<ert. Fruft. p. 1. 381. 

/. 79. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 35. Loureirs 

Cochin. 239 ? 
CARDIOSPERMUM foliis ternato-ternatis acuminatis fer- 

ratis. Browne Jam. 213. 
PISUM veficarium, fruftu nigro, alba macula notato. Bauh. 

Pin. 343. Shane Hift. 1. p. 238. 
PISUM cordatum. Befl. Hort. Eyji. Ord. Mft. 13. /. 11./. i. 

Park. Theat. 1378. Rail Hift, 487. 
VESICARIA nigra five peregrina. Trag. Stirp. 897. 
VESICARIA five Halicacabum repens. Matth. Comp. 728. 

Camer. Herb. 456, 
VESICARIA. Riv. Tetrap. t. 119. 
CORINDUM five Halicacabum peregrinum muhis. Bauh. 

Hift. 2. p. 173. Mori/. Hift.f. 1. t. 4. 
f.ult. p. 1 9 . Gerard 271. G*r. £war. 

342. 
HALICACABUM peregrinum. Fuchs Hi/l.Stirp. 6gi. Dod. 

Pempt. 455. Rumph. Amb. 6. p. 60. 

/. 24. /. 2. 

ULINJA. 



ULINJA. Rheede Malab. 8. p. 53. r. 28. 

COR1NDUM ampliore folio, frutiu maximo. Tourn.lnft. 431. 

WILD PARSLEY. Hughes Barbad. 212. 



Confidering that this plant is a native of tropical countries 
only, it is rather remarkable that it (hould have fallen fo early 
under the notice of European Botanifls. But being very un- 
common both in the Eaft and Weft-Indies, the Angularity of 
the feeds, which are perfectly round, of a deep black colour, 
with a large heart-fhaped white fpot, muft have occafioned 
their being brought over, as curiofities, and their vegetating 
power being more lading than in many, the propagation of 
thefe plants was the more eafy, efpecially in the fouthern 
parts of Europe, where ripe fruit would be readily pro- 
duced. Our Parkinson, who received the feeds from 
Italy, but fufpefted they were not originally of European 
growth, fays, " I did never fee it beare ripe fruite with us, 
*' no not in the hotteft yeare that I have fowne it." 

This plant has been feveral times figured by the older 
Botanifts. The original figures are thofe of Tragus, Fuch- 
sius, Matthiolus, and Gesner in Camerarius ; of thefe 
the wooden cut in the folio edition of Fuchsius is the beft 
reprefentation of the habit of the plant, that we have feen, and 
far more corre£t than the engravings on copper in Morison, 
Riverius, and Rumphius. When the doftrine of figns was 
in vogue, the heart, fo beautifully depicted on this feed, could 
not fail to (lamp it with the credit of curing all affe&ions of this 
organ ; but unfortunately experience very rarely verifies fuch 
foolilh conceits. 

Though an annual of very {lender growth, we are told by 
Dr. Patrick Browne, that it climbs to the tops of the talleft 
trees in the forefts of Jamaica. Communicated to us by our 
friend, Mr. Samuel Curtis, of Walworth, who raifed it 
from feeds, fuppofed to have been received from New South- 
Wales. This circumftance, though probably a miftake, occa- 
sioned a treatment different from what is ufual ; the pot of 
young plants was kept in the moft airy part of the greenhoufe; 
Dy which means they were far more vigorous and healthy than 
ufual, and ripened their feeds freely. 

It is not only found in the Eaft and Weft-Indies, but alfo 
near the mouth of the Rio de Janeiro in South-America. m 
the northern parts of New-Holland, in Otaheite, and fome 
other ifiands in the South-Sea. Flowers in July and Auguft. 



M 



1050. 




[ io 5 o ] 

PiEONiA Peregrina. Crimson-Flowered 

Peony. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 4 »♦ # ♦ ♦# $ $ > 

Clafs and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 
Cah 5-phyllus. Pet. 5 — 8. Styli o. Cap/, polyfpermae. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PjEONIA peregrina ; foliis biternatis : foliolis trilobatis 

integerrimifque fubtus pubefcentibus, capfulis 

ereftis, albido-tomentofis. 
PiEONIA peregrina. Mill. Dicl. ed. 6. n. 3. 
PvEONIA officinalis [y.) Mart. Mill. Di ft. n.i. 
P^EONIA peregrina flore fature rubente. Bauh. Pin. 324. 

Raii Hijl. 696. Morif. Hijl. 3. p. 4.55./. 12. /. 1. 

/. 11. 
PjEONIA byzantina. Cluf. Hijl. 279. Ger. Emac. 982./. 7. 
P^EONIA fcemina byzantina. Park. Parad. 342. n. 6. t. 343. 

/. *. 

PiEONIA peregrina flore coccineo. Bejl. Hort. Eyfi. Ord. 6. 
JEJliv. t. 9. 



It is upon the authority of the Bankfian Herbarium that we 
give this as the P -eon i a peregrina of Miller: and if Retzius 
has done well in confidering certain of the Linnean varieties 
as diftinft fpecies, this has alfo an equal right ; the number 
and form of its capfules, combined with the foliage, affording 
a fufficient diftinclion. The bright crimfon colour of the 
flowers, not at all inclined to purple, was noticed by the 
older Botanifts. This is often taken for P^onia bumilis, but 
does not at all agree with Retzius's defcription of that fpecies, 
which has narrower and more divided leaves, and nearly 
naked germens and capfules ; not at all tomentofe. 

The fynonyms quoted by Miller appear to us to be cor- 
rect ; but we place more confidence in the descriptions than 

in 



in the figures; the accuracy of that of Besler, however, 
leaves no doubt of the propriety of the fynonym we have 
added from his magnificent work. 

Though Sufficiently hardy to bear our ordinary winters in 
the open ground, it is considerably more tender than the com- 
mon Peony. Native of the Levant. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, 
Brompton, in May laft. 




A* hf T&*, S> ft, CMSmt Scpf 



[ 10 5* ] 

Polygala Senega, Officinal Milk- 
Wort, or Rattle-Snake-Root. 

$ $ j ♦ ftfr fr $ fi $ ♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-phyllus : foliolis alaeformibus, coloratis. Cap/, ob- 
cordatum, 2-loculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

POLYGALA Senega ; floribus imberbibus fpicatis, caule 
erefto herbaceo fimpliciflimo, foliis lato lan- 
ceolatis. Sp. PL 990. Reich. 3. p. 390. Amcen. 
Acad. 2. p. 139. /. 2. Mill. Difl. cum hone* 
Hort. Kew. 3. p. 6. JVoodv. Med. Bot. 253. 
/. 93. Gron. Virg. ed. 1. 80. 2. 103. Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. n. 32. Micbaux Flor. Am. Bor. 2. 
p. 53. 

POLYGALA Senega. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 894. 

POLYGALA ? Plantula Marilandica, caule non ramofo, fpica 
in faftigio fingulari e flofculis albis compofita. 
Rati Sup. 640. 



A hardy perennial, cultivated by Miller, in 1759, ^ ut 
having little beauty to boaft, is rarely met with in our gardens. 
It was once however a plant of confiderable intereft ; firft 
brought into notice by Dr. Tennent, an American phyfician, 
a s a fpecific for the bite of the rattle-fnake, a ufe which he 
learned of the Indians. He afterwards, from fome analogy in 
the fymptoms, tried it in pleurify, with very great fuccefs ; 
and it became a remedy in confiderable vogue in Europe as 
well as in America. Dr. Tennent received a reward from 
the houfe of representatives of Pennfylvania for the difcovery ; 

neverthelefs 



neverthelefs it has fallen into difufe, a fate that has generally 
attended medicines, which are at firft too highly extolled. It is 
however undoubtedly poffefled of aclive powers, and is not 
unworthy of having its real virtues better afcertained than they 
have hitherto been. It varies with white and rofe-coloured 
flowers. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddigks. Flowers in July. Native 
of North-America. 



[ 10 5 2 ] 

Babiana Stricta (y.) Purple-Flowered 

Babiana. 

Oafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character. — Vid. N os - 576 & 680, 
et Annals of Botany , 1. 233. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. — Vid. N os - 621 & 637. 

BABIANA ftritta. Vid.fupra N 05 - 621 & 637, rejeclo fyno- 
nymo lxuz villofe. Jacq. Coll. & Ic. Rar. qua 
nojlra Babiana obtufifolia* Vid.fupra 1019. 

[y) corolla purpurea. G. 

BABIANA purpurea. Nobis fupra No. 101 g. pag. alt. 

IX I A purpurea. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. /. 286. ColL 3. 268. IVilld. 
Sp. PL 1. 198. 

GLADIOLUS Jlriclus. Vahl Enum. 2. 118. 

GLADIOLUS purpureas. Id. I.e. 2. 114. 

IXIA villofa. 0. Mart. Mill. Did. 



As the prefent plant had been already enumerated by Jac- 
quin and ourfelves as a diftinft: fpecies, we wifhed to have 
continued it fuch ; but, upon comparing the living plants, 
could detecl no one mark of fpecific difference, nor indeed 
any difference whatever, except colour and fcent ; we have 
therefore reduced it to a variety of the prefent fpecies, two 
of which have been already publifhed by us. 

Our fpecimen was imported by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 
from the Cape of Good Hope. It would be rather difficult to 
feleft a good fpecific difference between this and rubra 
cyanea. G. 



JP 



VV 




mty? Gabs & Gto.fy*>it oar t f8o 7 **&**-+ 



Wl053 




^U-DA JPulhyT Curbs StGeoiCrefcenZ ell ISO J 



ySi:,-:,.nS*ul, 



C 1053 ] 

Babiana Sulphurea. Pale-Flowered 
Babiana. 



* 
Clafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Fid. N 0St 576 €ff 680, 
et Annals of Botany, 1. p. 233. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

BABIANA fulphitre a; foliis totis villofis ; fcapo aflurgenter 
inclinato his longiore ; media fpatharum valva 
duplo longiore ; tubo hac breviore ; limbo 
fubregulari, ere&o, patentiffimo; laciniis ovatis 
oblongis, tubo fubtriplo longioribus ; ftaminibus 
fubadfcendentibus. G. 

BABIANA fulphurea. Nobis fupra No. 1019. pag. alt. uti et 
in Annals of Bot. 1. 234. 

GLADIOLUS fulpbureus. Jacq. Coll. 3. 258. Ic. Rar. 2. 
239. Vahl Enum. 2. 99. 

GLADIOLUS plicatus. Bot. Rep. tab. 268. 

GLADIOLUS pigmaus. Burm. Flore Cap. u? Houtt. 11. 
46. t Pluk. t. 424. /. 8. ? 



It is very difficult to define with any precifion the fpecific 
difference between this and ftritla ; yet we think them diftina 
fpecies. Befides general appearance, the ftamens are here 
fubadfcendent, not entirely trifarious, neither is the corolla 
precifely regular ; the fegments are alfo proportionately longer 
than the tube. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was 
imported fome years ago by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy of 
Hammerfmith. Seems to us intermediate between Jiritla and 
plicata. G. 



[ *°54 3 

Hesperantha Cinnamomea. The Cinna* 

mon Evening-Flower, 

■ ♦»♦♦♦♦*♦*♦♦ $$ifcfr& 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid, N um - 790, et in Annals of Botany ', 
v. 1, p. 224, et General indent p. 38. 

Specific Cbarafler and Synonyms, 

HESPERANTHA cinnamomea ; foliis falcato-enfatis, inferi* 

oribus crifpatis ; fpatharum valva extima 

herbacea, naviculari-conduplicara, ftriata; 

corolla eretla ; limbo rotato-patente ; an- 
* theris vibratilibus j ftigmatibus ufque ad 

tubum difcretis, infra ftamina (quibus 

brevioribus) effufis. G. 
HESPERANTHA cinnamomea. Nobis, Ann. of Bot. 1. 225, 
IXIA cinnamomea, Thanh. Dijf. de Ixia, n. 9. cum tab. Prod, 

g. Linn. Suppl. 92. Willd, Sp, P/. U 

199. Vahl Enum. 2. 56. 



This very rare plant can only be diftinguifhed from its con- 
gener falcata (fupra No. 566J by the curling or undulation 
of the lower leaves, by having ftigmas much fhorter inftead of 
equal to or longer than the ftamens, in being altogether a 
fmaller plant than that, and in having a different kind of 
fragrance, which to us appears to refemble that of the oil of 
cloves. In all other refpecls the defcription and what relates 
to falcata, as given above (No. 566), will entirely apply to 
cinnamomea. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen imported this year 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 
of Hammerfmith, with whom it flowered very probably for the 
firft time in Europe. Falcata has been perpetually miftaken 
for the prefent fpecies ; and, perhaps, after all they are mere 
varieties of each other. G f 



■Mou 




JX-HU. 




'"' Qtn O-tfccU 



[ 1055 ] 

Phalangium Ramosum. Branching 

Spider-Wort. 

■ ♦♦♦<♦ $4* ♦♦♦♦»♦ ■ ♦ ' ♦♦ ' 

Hexanqria Monogynia. 
Generic Charatler.-^Vide N um - 914. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PHALANGIUM ramofum ,- foliis gramineis, longe fubulatis, 
plano-canaliculatis ; caule paniculatim ra- 
mofo ; racemis remotiufculis ; corolla 
explanato-patente ; laciniis intimis duplo 
latioribus, obtufiffimis et faepius undulatis ; 
ftaminibus divergenter porre&is. G. 

PHALANGIUM ramofum. Lam. et Decand. Flor. Franc. 3. 
210. 

ANTHER I CUM ramofum. Scop. Cam. n. 413. Jacq. Auflr. 
tab, 161. Zorn. Ic. 215. Hort. Kew. 1. 
447. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 138. Follicb. PalaU 

*- />• 333- 
ANTHERICUM foliis planis, corollis planis deciduis. //. 

GotL 178. Flor. Suec. 267, 289. 
PHALANGIUM Hall. Helv. n. 1208. 
ANTHERICUM caulibus ramofis, foliis planis. Guett. Stamp. 

129. 
PHALANGIUM ramofum. Dodon. Pempt. 106. Befl. Hort. 

fyft* 7- 0rd - Vern < tm J '/* 2 * 
PHALANGIUM pa"rvo flore ramofum. Bauh. Pin. 29. Lob. 

Ic. 47. 



A native of Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, and France. 
Cultivated with us ever fince 1597. PerfeBly hardy and com- 
mon. We need add no further defcription to the many already 
given ; but as the root has been defcribed as " round," we 
muft obferve, that it is " fafcicujately fibrous," as ufual in this 
genus ; the leaves have alfo been called " flat," but they in 
faa are more or lefs " channelled and carinate ;" the pi Mil is 
termed " ftraight" by fome, yet is fomewhat " declined and 
affurgent, or curved upwards." The pedicles or branchlets 
are about the length of the diameter of the corolla, and are 
near the bafe obfcurely jointed, as in Phalangium Liliago : 
a circumftance we have never found noticed. Blooms about 
June and July. G. 



Wm6 




SjiSS**r4-T)el 



J^lbvTCt, 



>■? Ocf 1 1f(?7 



fScpifim Sc. 



[ !°56 ] 

Martynia Proboscidea. Horn-Capsuled 
Martynia. 

Chifs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Charaller. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. ringens. Staminis quinti rudimentum* 
Stigma 2-lamellatum. Cap/, lignofa, corticata, roftro hamato, 
4-locularis, 2-valvis. Semina baccata. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms. ' 

MARTYNIA ■ Probofcidea ; caule ramofo, foliis integerrimis 

finubus dilatatis. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 339. Marl. 

Mill. Difi. n. 5. 
MARTYNIA Probofcidea ; ramis fparfis, foliis cordato-ovatis 

integerrimis, capfulae roftro longiffimo. Gloxin 

Obf. p. 14. 
MARTYNIA Probofcidea ,• caule ramofo, foliis alternis cor- 

datis integerrimis. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 3. p. 264. 
MARTYNIA alternifolia ,• calyce duplici : interiore mono- 

phyllo, foliis cordato-fubrotundis integerrimis, 

capfulae roftro longiffimo incurvo. Lamarck 

Encycl. 2. p. 112. 
MARTYNIA annua. Spec. PL 826. Reich. 3. 142. Fabr. 

Hclmft. 240. Kniph. Cent. 8. n. 66. Sabb. Hort. 

2. 91. Swart z Obf. 230. G<ertn. Frucl. 2. p. 

131. t. 110. 
MARTYNIA caule ramofo, foliis cordato-ovatis pilofis. Milk. 

Ic. 286. 
MARTYNIA Louifiana. Mill. Dicl. ed. 6. n. 3. 
MARTYNIA annua villofa. Kretzfcbmar Monogr. Ic. 
MARTYNIA caule petiolifque fiftulofis, floribus bibra&eatis. 

Gouan Hort. 303. 
PROBOSCIDEA JujJieuL Schmidel Icon. 49. /. 12, 13. 

Me die us Bo tan. Beob. 1783. p. 20. 

Native of Louifiana on the borders of the Miffiffippi, whence 
the feeds were firft brought to the Paris garden, and thence 

diftributed 



diftributed to fcveral other parts of Europe. Philip Miller 
received feeds from M. Richard, the King of France's gardener 
at Verfailles, before the year 1 759. It is an annual plant, which 
fometimes ripens its feeds in this country, but not without the 
aid of a bark ftove, and then only in favourable feafons ; fo 
that without a fupply of feeds from abroad, it is conftantly in 
danger of being loft. On this account it is rarely met with 
in our collections, though it poffeffes the. recommendations 
of beauty, Angularity, and, according to fome, of fragrance : 
but for the latter quality it will not we apprehend be very 
generally applauded. 

We received the plant when juft coming into flower in 
June laft, from Mr. Loddiges of Kackney, and it continued 
to thrive and flower freely in a bow window, which has not the 
advantage of much fun. 

Linn^us confounded at leaft two fpecies under his Mar- 
ty^ik annua, Willdenow has attempted to improve the 
fpecific charade r, but without fuccefs, as the leaves are oppo- 
fite, as well as alternate. 



AjOty 




y G—.Gr^JUnl (ftl* t tin Scuf 



[ 10 57 ] 
Clethra Arborea. Tree Clethra. 

Clafs and Order. . 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-pby]lus feu 5-partitus. Pet. 5. Stigma 3-fidum. Cap/, 
3-locularis, 3-valvis : diffepimenta fimplicia, valvis contraria. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CLETHRA arborea ,• foliis oblongo-ovatis acutis ferratis 
glabris, racemis compofitis hirfutis ebracleatis, 
petalis emarginatis. 

CLETHRA arborea; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis utrinque gla- 
bris, racemis fpiciformibus, calycibus obtufis. 
Hort. Kew. 2. p. 73. Mart. Mill. Di8. n. 3. 

CLETHRA arborea. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 620. 



Descr. Stem arborefcent* Leaves fcattered, oblong-ovate, 
narrowing at both ends, ferrate, leathery, fmooth on both 
fides, paler underneath. Flowers in terminal compound 
racemes, without bracles at the time of flowering. Peduncles 
and Pedicles red, hairy, the latter filiform nodding. Calyx 5- 
leaved : leaflets ovate, concave obtufe, perfiflent, two inner 
ones whiter than the others. Corolla bell-ihaped, five-petaled : 
Petals wedge-fhaped, very obtufe, emarginate, white, external 
ones tipped with red on the outfide. Stamens 10: filaments 
the length of the calyx, inferted at the very bafe of the petal : 
Anthers horned at the bafe, reverfed as in Pyrola. Germen 
nearly globular, hairy. Style erect.. Stigma trifid. Both the 
leaflets of the calyx and the petals are entirely diftinct, which 
is unufual in the natural order of Ericinese, to which Clethra 
belongs. 

This beautiful greenhoufe fhrub Is a native of Madeira, 
where it grows into a tree, and is called by the inhabitants 
Folhada. Introduced to the Kew gardens by Mr. Mas son 
in 1784, and is now by no means uncommon, being readily 
propagated by cuttings. We believe it has never been before 
figured. Flowers in July and Auguft. Our drawing was 
taken at Meflrs. Whitley and Brame's, Old-Brompton. 



Wiosi 




J/J.Srf..^- tl.l 






f* Gtf.Grda 



[ io 5 8 ] 

Melaleuca Neriifolia. Oleander- 
Leaved Melaleuca. 

■jHHjfr # ft $ $ ft $, fr ft $ 4H s $ ■ ♦ fr ft fe 

C/^/i <7»i Order. 

POLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, femifuperus. Cor. 5-petala. Filamenta multa, 
connata in 5 corpora. Stylus 1. da//, femiveftita, 3-locularis. 

Specific Cbaraf/er. 

MELALEUCA neriiftlia ; foliis oppofitis lanceolatis acutis 
uninerviis, pctiolis decurrentibus, pedunculis 
axillanbus trichotomis, filamentis corolla bre- 
vioribus. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, upright, branched: branches fub- 
alate. Leaves oppofite, lanceolate, acute, rigid, fubmarginate, 
quite entire, fmooth, pale on the under fide, perforate when 
held to the light with fmall pellucid dots, one-ribbed, with 
minute, tranfverfe, fimple veins, petiolated : petiole decurrent 
down the branch. Flowers bright yellow, in a trichotomous, 
panicle : peduncles folitary, ereB, longer than petiole, fhorter 
by two-thirds than leaf, hardly pubefcent : pedicles fhorter 
than calyx. Bracles 2, leaf-like, below the panicle. Calyx 
femifuperior, five-cleft : leaflets ovate, concave, obtufe. Corolla 
5-petaled: petals quite entire, ovate, obtufe, fpreading, in- 
ferted in the calyx. Stamens about 20 : filaments coined 
into five bundles, but hardly cohering, fcarcely fo long as the 
petals, inferted into the calyx. Anthers globular. 

The leaves have very little of the aromatic tafte fo prevalent 
in moft fpecies of Melaleuca, but are aftringent and bitterifh, 
approaching the flavour of thofe of the Tea-Tree. 

Comes 



Comes very near to Melaleuca laurina of Smith, 
but differs, in that the leaves of our plant are conftantly op- 
pofite, and of a different form and fubftance, refembling very 
much thofe of the Oleander, but fmaller ; the peduncles too 
are much longer than in the fpecimen of Melaleuca laurina 
in the Bankfian Herbarium. 

Befides the laft-mentioned plant, we underftand that Mr. 
Brown has dete&ed fome other clofely-allied fpecies in New- 
Holland ; fo that we have no doubt of the propriety of fepa- 
rating thefe plants into a diftinct genus ; but as we are unac- 
quainted with the fruit of our fpecies, we willingly leave this 
talk to better qualified Botanifts, contenting ourfelves with 
placing it, for the prefent, by the fide of Dr. Smith's Mela- 
leuca laurina> of which it is undoubtedly a congener. 

Communicated by Mr. Bar r, Nurferyman, ar Ball's-Pond, 
Iflington, who raifecl many plants fome years fince from feeds 
he procured from New South-Wales. Flowers in Auguft. 
We have feen it in bloflbm alfo at the fame time at Meflrs. 
Lee and Kennedy's and at Mr. Colville's ; but all thefe 
plants were originally from Mr. Barr's itock. Is readily 
propagated by cuttings. 



m 



W5(j 




Ad \f r Girlu SfSm CW, 



"7 



[ i°59 ] 
Rosa Multiflora. Bramble-Flowered 

Rose. 

♦♦$♦♦ ♦♦»►♦'♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5. Cal. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnofus, collo coarc- 
tatus. Sem. plurima, hifpida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ROSA multiflora ; germinibus ovatis pedunculifque inermibus 
villofis, caule petiolifque aculeatis. Tbunb. Jap. 214. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1077. Syji. Vegetab. Murr. 474. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 30. 

ROSA flava. Donn's Cat. p. 121. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, erc6l, tall, fmooth, prickly. Branches 
round, fmooth, prickly. Prickles fcattered, recurved. Leaves 
alternate, on long downy footftalks, with here and there a fmall 
recurved prickle : leaflets oppofite, feflile, ovate, ferrate, fmooth 
on the upper furface, downy on the under, veins running 
parallel from the midrib to the edge. Stipule adnate to the 
bafe of the petiole, dentate, cleft above into two long fubulate 
fegments. Flowers in a terminal panicle very like double 
flowering bramble. Peduncle and pedicles downy, unarmed. 
Calyx very hairy. Styles filiform hairy. 

Our drawing of this lively and agreeable Rofe was taken at 
Meffrs. Colville's, in the King's-Road, where it flowered 
freely in July laft. We believe that the country owes the 
introdu&ion of this Rofe from China to Mr. Evans, of the 
Eaft-India Houfe, by whom it has been liberally diftributcd ; 
and its flowering has been expefted with fome degree of in- 
tereft, as its bloffoms were fuppofed to have been yellow ; 

whence 



whence the name of Rosa fiava in Donn's Catalogue, if we 
do not miftake. There can be no doubt of its being a double 
coloured variety of the Rosa multiflora of Japan ; with Thun- 
berg's defcription of which, in his Flora Japonica, it corre- 
fponds in every refpeft, except that he fays the flowers are 
white. Had it been an undefcribed fpecies, we fhould have 
called it Rosa rultflora, as the flowers refemble thofe of the 
bramble, not only in external appearance, but in the length of 
the ftyles : we have therefore adopted this in our Englifh 
name. Indeed, without feeing the fruit, it is not poffible to 
decide abfolutely whether it belong to the genus Rosa or 
Rubus ; but on the prefumption that our plant is the fame as 
that defcribed by Thunberg, combined with the general 
habit, we refer it to the former genus. 

Is propagated by cuttings, but feems in general to be fhy of 
flowering, perhaps for want of being fufficiently expofed to the 
open air. 



INDEX. | INDEX. 

In which the Latin Names of f In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the % the Plants contained in the 



Twenty -Sixth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

PL 

1046 Albuca phyfodes. 
10,35 Allium ftriatum. 
1044 Anthericum revoluttim. 
1040 vefperdnum. 

1052 Babiana ftricla (y). 
■jqiq ■ , fambucina. 

10 53 fulphurea. 

1049 Cardiofpermum Halicacabum. 

1032 Chorizema nanum. 

1057 Clethra arborea. 

1028 Colchicum variegatum. 

1043 Convallaria ftellata. 

1034 Crinum americanum (#). 

1024 Fuchfia lycioides. 

1023 Gefneria tomentofa. 

1038 Gentiana caucafea. 

10 39 Saponaria. 

1042 Gladiolus verficolor (a) & («). 

1054 Hefperantha cinnamomea. 
1030 Iberis ciliata. 
1014 Jufticia lucida. 
1020 Lachenalia tricolor (/2) luteola. 
1022 Lantana annua. 
1018 Lilium bulbiferum ($) 

latum. 
1048 Linum hypericifolium. 
1056 Martynia probofcidea. 
1058 Melaleuca neriifolia. 

Menyanthes exaltata. 

Moraja bituminofa. 

collina. 

■ tenuis. 



V Twenty-Sixth Volume are alpha- 
a betically arranged. 

fPL 

V 1046 Albuca, dingy-flowered. 

A 1044 Anthericum, curled-flowered. 

^ 1040 afternoon-flowering. 

<[> 101 g Babiana, elder-flower-fcented. 

** 1052 purple-flowered. 

■* 1053 pale-flowered. 



1029 
1045 

J °33 
1047 
3026 
1036 
3031 



NardiTus orientalis (£). 

Neottia orchioides. 

Oxalis rubella. 
1050 Paeonia peregrina. 
3041 Paterfonia fericea. 
3055 Phalangium ramofum. 

Phyteuma campanuloides, 

Polygala Senega. 

Rofa multiflora. 

Robinia Halodendron. 

Scilla ama^na (/3) Sibirica. 

Trillium ereclum (@). 

Verbafcum ovalifolium. 



1015 
1051 

1059 

1016 

1025 

1027 

1037 

1017 Verbefina fativa. 

1021 Xylophylla latifolia 



$ 1029 Buck-bean, tall. 

* 1030 Candytuft, ciliate-leaved. 
V 1032 Chorizema, dwarf. 
,0 1057 Clethra, tree. 
^1042 Corn-flag, large-flowered. 
$> 1034 Crinurn,few-flowered W.Indian. 
% 1054 Evening-flower, Cinnamon. 
4. 1048 Flax, mallow-flowered. 
§ 1024 Fuchfia, box-thorn. 
'f 1035 Garlic, ftreak-leaved. 
^ 1038 Gentian, caucafian. 
^ 1039 barrel-flowered. 

* 1023 Gefneria, woolly, 
v 1049 Heart-feed, fmooth. 
A 1014 Jufticia, fhining-leaved. 
•* 1020 Lachenalia, yellow-flowered. 
A 1022 Lantana, annual. 

umbel- % 1018 Lily, umbel-flowering, bulb- 
Q bearing, orange. 

*• 1056 Martynia, horn-capfuled. [ed. 
v 1028 Meadow-faffron,chequer-flower- 
y» 1058 Melaleuca, oleander-leaved. 

* 1051 Milk- wort, offieinJ, or Rattle- 
fy fnake-root 
'f 1045 Morasa, yellow -flowered clammy 

^ 1033 equal-flowered. 

^1047 brown-flowered. 

* 1037 Mullein, oval-leaved. 

Y 1026 Narciflus, yellow garden. 

^ 1036 Neottia, frofted- flowered. 

£ 1031 Oxalis, red-flowered. 

ty 1041 Paterfonia, ftlky. 

It 1050 Peony, Crimfon-flowered. 

^1015 Phyteuma, three- flowered. 

^ 1016 Robinia, Salt-tree. 

"f 1059 R°f e J bramble-flowered. 

Y 1043 Solomon's Seal, ftar- flowered. 

^ 1055 Spider-wort, branching. 

+ 1025 Squil, Siberian, fright-ftalked. 

v 1027 Trillium, white-flowered, up- 

£1017 Verbefina, oil-feed. 

^ 1021 Xylophylla, broad-leaved. 



Printed by S. Couthman, Throgmorton-Strcet, London,