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Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately rcprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Oafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

VOL. XXIII. **- 2t\ 

r— q o u ' 

Que votre eclat eft peu durable, 
Charmantes fleurs, honneur de nos jardins! 
Souvent un jour. commence et fink vos dcllins, 

Et le fort le plus favorable 
Ne vous laifle briller que deux ou trois matins. 
Ah! confolez vous en» Jonquilles, Tubereufes, 
Vous vivez peu de jours, mais vous vivez heureufes. 

M. de Deshoulieres. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publiflied at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars-Road 

And Sold by the principal Eookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



iXi^AMl Ti4h.k*ZOtrta 


C 881 ] 

Protea Stellaris. Starry Protea. 

Oafs and Order* 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaEter.-^-Vid. N<"*- 878. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

PROTEA ftellaris $ foliis ovato-lanceolatis carnofis apice 
callofis, capitulo hemifphaerico glabro terminali 
involucrum radiatum concolor fubasquante. 

Descr. A low fhrub. Stem very much branched from the 
bafe; branches fome fimple, others verticillately divided at the 
upper part. Leaves fefhle, crowded, without order, lanceo- 
late, narrowed towards the bafe, flefhy, concave, terminated 
with a fmall callous point, thofe on the upper part of the 
flowering branches fmooth, but fome of the lower ones and 
thofe on the younger moots hairy underneath. Flowers yel- 
lowifh green in a hemifphaerical terminal head, not downy, 
furrounded at the bafe with a regular, radiated, fmooth in- 
*volucre> projecting fomewhat beyond the head of flowers, of the 
fame colour and fhape as the leaves. Within the involucre 
are two or three rows of boat-fhaped brakes, hairy under- 
neath, fhorter than the tube of the corolla, but the upper part 
of the receptacle is without paleae. Corolla four-petaled : petals 
linear, revolute, villous without, flightly adhering downwards 
into a tube. Style erect, exferted : ftigma club-fhaped, fmooth, 

This plant is very nearly allied to Protea pallens and 
contfera, two fpecies, the varieties of which, Thunberg allows 
to be very difficultly diftinguifhed from each other ; nor is it 
certain that the plants this Botaniit has defcribed under thefe 
names are the fame as thofe of Linnaeus. 


We mould not have hefitated to confider our plant as one 
of the varieties of conifera % and of the particular one figured 
by Breynius, were it not for the total want of all woollinefs 
in the head of flowers. At the fame time the (hortnefs and 
greater regularity of the involucre which has the fame colour as 
the leaves, and the verticillate branches, feparate it from 
fallens^ with which the ftnoothnefs of the head unites it. In 
this dilemma we have thought it fafeft to confider this plant as 
an intermediate fpecies, diftincl from both. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, of as eafy culture as 
any of the genus. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Meflrs. Napier and Chandler in June laft ; we were foon 
after favoured with another by our friend Mr. Samuel Curtis 
of Walworth. 

'ui. by T Curtu.S^fGeo.CrefcentM 


[ 88a ] 
Hibiscus Palustris. Marsh Hibiscus. 

C/o/} and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal. duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Cap/. 5-IocuIaris po!y- 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

HIBISCUS palufiris ; caule herbaceo fimpliciffimo, foliis 
ovatis fubtrilobis fubtus tomentofis, floribus 
axillaribus. Sp. PL 976. Willd. 3. p. 808. Hort. 
Kew. 2. p. 454. Mart. Mill. Ditf. n. 2. Cavan. 
Dijf. 3. p. 162. /. 65. f. 2. Fabric. Helmjl. ». 18. 

ALTHvEA palultris. Bauh. Pin. 316. 

ALTHAEA hortenfis feu peregrina. Dod. Pcmpt. 655. 

ALTHAEA Sida dicla quibufdam. Bauh. Hi/. 2. 957, (quoad 
defcriptionem, fed figura eft alterius plantar.) 

KETMIA paluftris flore purpureo. Tourn. Injl. 100. 

HIBISCUS Mofcheutos ; foliis ovalibus, acuminatis, dentatis, 
fubtus incano-tomentofis ; nonnullis fubtricufpi- 
datis : pedunculis quaji petiolis innatis : corolla 
ampliffima : capfula extus glabra. Michaux Flor. 
Bor. Am. 2. p. AT- ? 

The external calyx confifts of twelve linear leaflets, the in- 
ternal is five-cleft: fegments ovate, acute, quite entire. The 
corolla has apparently five petals, but they cohere at the bafe. 
Stigmas remarkably large and globofe. Capfulc fmooth without. 
Seeds globular, mining. The peduncles are folitary, axillary, 
jointed near the extremity, the length of the petioles, with 
which they adhere at the bafe. The leaves vary, fome of them 
being fimply oval-acuminate, others fomewhat three-lobed 
owing to the elongation of the lateral nerves. 


The Marfli Hibifcus is a native of North-America, and 
feems to have been very early introduced into Europe, being 
mentioned by Dodonius as a foreign plant cultivated in the 
gardens of Holland. It does not occur under this name in 
Michaux's Flora of North-America, but we fufpecl that what 
he has defcribed, as the Hibiscus mofcheutos of Linnaeus, is 
the fame plant ; indeed we very much doubt whether both 
fpecies are not in reality the fame. Be this as it may, we have 
no doubt but that our plant is the paluflris of Linnaeus, having 
had an opportunity of comparing it with a fpecimen from 
Kalm in the Bankfian Herbarium, which however does not 
appear to differ from the Hibiscus Mofcheutos of the fame 
collection. In both, the peduncle and petiole appear rather to 
be united at the bafe than to grow the one out of the other. 

Is a perfectly hardy herbaceous plant, but will rarely 
flower in our gardens without the aid of artificial heat. 

[ 88 3 ] 

Euphorbia Petiolaris. Long-Stalked 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. 

Cor. 4- feu 5-petala, calyci infidens. Col, l-phyllus, ven- 
tricofus. Cap/, tricocca. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

EUPHORBIA petiolaris s petiolis verticillatis folio orbicu- 
lato longioribus, floribus folitariis, caule 
fruticofo inermi nodofo. 

For this hitherto undefcribed fpecies of Euphorbia we 
are indebted to the Marquis of Blandford, who obligingly 
communicated the fpecimen from which our drawing was taken, 
from his Lordfhip's collection at White Knights in Berkfhire, 
in May laft. It is nearly allied to Euphorbia coiinifo!ia t 
from which it is chiefly diftinguifhed by its flenderer and more 
woody ftem, by the petioles, inftead of being amply oppofite, 
growing four or more in a whirl, and being longer in 
proportion to the fmall leaves, and by the flowers being 
folitary, whereas in cotinifolia they grow in a dichotonjous 

We find a fpecimen of the fame fpecies in the Bankfian 
Herbarium under the name which we have adopted, collefled 
by Mr. Ryan, from whence we learn that it is a native of the 
Weft-India lflands. 

Should be kept in the dry ftove with the other tropical 
fpecies of Euphorbia, 


■/£,/*., nit J>/ PuA fry Tt'urh.r 

C 88 4 ] 

Aster Reflexus. Reflexed-Leaved 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus fimplex. Cor. radii plures 10. Col. 
imbricati fquamae inferiores patulae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ASTER reflexus; fruticofus, foliis ovatis fubimbricatis re- 

curvatis ferrato-ciliatis, floribus terminalibus. Sp. 

PL 1225. Reich. 3. p. 803. Willd. 3. p. 2015. 

Mart. Mill. Diil. n. 2. Aman. Acad. 6. Afr. 68. 

Berg. Cap. 285. 
ASTER reflexus. Bot. Repof. 93. 
ASTER africanus frutefcens fplendentibus parvis et reflexis 

foliis. Comm. Hort. 2. p. 55. /. 28. Rati Sup. 159. 

A flower fo nearly refembling the common Daify, would 
hardly attract the attention of any, did not its unufual foliage 
afford fome appearance of novelty. The only other recom- 
mendation it pofieffes is its continuing to bloffom through the 
winter. The ray of the flower is faid by Marty n to be 
blood- red, a tranflation of Lin nous's radius fanguinens ; 
but the colour is confined to the tips and on the under fide 
only, the upper fide of the ray being perfectly white. 

Native of the Cape and a hardy greenhoufe fhrtib, eafily 
propagated by cuttings, or by feeds, which it fometimes pro- 
duces with us. 

Introduced, according to Mr. Donn, in 1790. 

N°6'6 4 

trAJJ Pu2> 

[ 88 5 ] 

Verbascum Phceniceum. Purple- 
Flowered Mullein, 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata, fubinasqualis. Cap/. 2-locularis, 2-valvis. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms, 

VERBASCTJM phceniceum ,- foliis ovatis nudis crcnatis radU 
calibus, caule fubnudo racemofo. Syfi. Veg. 
219. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 1004. Reich. 1. 
495. Jacq. Aujlr. t. 125. Pall. It. 1. p. 183. 
Scop. Cam. n. 250. Hort. Kezv. 1. p. 237. 
Allion. Ped. n. 384. Gcertn. Fruct. i. p. 262. 

*• 55- 

VERBASCUM flore caeruleo vel purpureo. Bauh. Hijl. 3- 

p. 875. 
BLATTARIA perennis, flore violaceo. Morif, Hijl. 2. 

/>• 497- 
BLATTARIA purpurea. Bauh. Pin. 241. Raii Hi/l. 1096. 

BLATTARIA flore purpureo. Park, Hijl. 64. Ger.emacjjG^, 

The Mulleins are all fhewy plants ; this fpecies, a native 
of the fouthern parts of Europe, having bright, purple flowers 
is very ornamental, and has been long thought worthy of 
cultivation, being feen in our gardens before the time of 
Gerard. Is a perfectly hardy perennial, " the roote (as 
Parkinson obferves) abiding fundry ycares," though fome 
have fuppofed it to be only biennial, an error ftill handed 
down in Martyn's Miller's Dictionary. May be eafily 
propagated by parting its roots or by feeds, which however 
with us it rarely produces, though in fome years abundantly* 
Succeeds beft in a fandy loam with an eaflern expofure ; its 
Items, if not tied up, are liable to fuffer from high, winds. 

J31ooms through the months of May and June* 

2 W 88: 

tfJt&Hrdtdtl. Rth.b 


J£J»„tJs dW Tub by T. Curtu. J? Grefcent AW- 1 ISc-S Ts*. 

item jttth, 

[ 886 ] 

Scabiosa Caucasea. Caucasian 

Oafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafter. 

Cat. communis polyphyllus ; proprius duplex, fuperus. 
Recept. paleaceum f. nudum. 

Specific Characler. 

SCABIOSA caucafea ; corollulis quinquefidis radiantibus, 
foliis lanceolatis utrinque attenuatis hifpidis ball 
connatis, calycibus internis externos bis fuper- 

Descr. Stem ere&, fimple, round, pubefcent, terminating in a 
long, naked, round peduncle. Leaves oppofite, lanceolate, 
narrowed at both ends, quite entire or with here and there a 
fmall tooth, hifpid with white, adprefled, ftiffifh hairs. Flower 
folhacy, very large, radiated. Involucre about ten-leaved : 
leaflets lanceolate-acuminate, terminated in a fharp mucro, 
hairy. Palea linear-lanceolate, very hairy, longer than the 
florets of the diflk. Florets of the radius tubular, with an un- 
equal five-cleft limb, the three outer fegments many times 
larger than the two inner, all obtufe and villous without : 
florets of the dilk tubular, with a five-cleft equal border, ex- 
ternal calyx membranous, cupped, plicate ; interna! calyx of 
five, briftle-fhaped, black leaflets, twice the length of the ex- 
ternal. Germen covered with long white down. Style oblique. 
Stigma globofe. Seeds hairy, crowned with both the calyces. 

This fpecies has very great affinity to Scabiosa grami- 
nifolia, but the ftem is more ereft, the flowers are much 
larger, the leaves broader and lefs filvery, with longer and 


more rigid hairs ; but the moft material difference appears to 
be in the length of the internal calyx, which in graminifolia is 
hardly longer than the external. 

The flower exceeds in fize that of any other known fpecies 
of Scabious, and continues long in beauty. 

Raifed by Mr. Loddiges from feeds received by him from 
Mount Caucafus. Is a hardy perennial. Flowers in July and 

C 88 7 ] 

Atragene Americana. American 

C/tf/} a»J Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Cor. 4 — 6-petala. Neffaria (T. petala interna) 4, 
fpathulata, petalis alternantia. Filam. plurima : exteriora di- 
latata fubantherifera. Sem. ariftata : ariftis pilofis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ATRAGENE americana j foliis quaternis ternatis : foliolis 
cordatis integerrimis, ne&ariis acutis. 

At No. 530 of this work we have figured and defcribed the 
Atragene aujlriaca t of which the alpina from Siberia has 
been generally confidered as a variety ; but we there obferved 
that thefe plants were probably diftinct. fpecies. We are now 
able to afcertain that they really are fo, and to add a third, a 
native of North- America, which, with ochotenfis of Pallas, 
makes up the whole of the fpecies from which the above ge- 
neric character is formed; Atragene capenfis and all the 
other fpecies mentioned by Willdenow, except perhaps 
Atragene zeylanica, probably do not belong to this genus; 
which is chiefly diftinguifhed from Clematis by the prefence 
of the nectaries or internal petals, and by its very Angular 
manner of growth ; every gemma (to which there appears to be 
nothing fimilar in Clematis) producing as it were a diftinct 
plant, confifting of two or four leaves, with a peduncle bearing a 
folitary flower in the centre. Thefe plants are connected together 
by farmentous ftalks, but on very elevated mountains the Atra- 
gene aujlriaca is entirely deftitute of thefe ftalks, and the whole 
plant confifts merely of two radical leaves with a folitary 


(lower, fupported on a fcape. It was in this form only that 
the plant had occurred to HalLer, at the time he wrote his 
Hijioria Stirpium Helvetia ; probably alfo Linn^us had not 
feen it in any other, when he described the leaves as radical, 
and called the peduncle a fcape : and even in cultivation the 
feedling plants will fometimes flower before any running fhoot 

The neftaries or internal petals have been hitherto faid to be 
numerous, but we conftantly find four that are fomewhat different 
from the reft, placed alternately with the petals and without 
any veitige of anthers; all the others, generally about twelve, 
having more or lefs appearance of anthers at their tips, we 
confider as dilated filaments. The nectaries afford an excellent 
mark of difcrimination between Atragene aujiriaca and 
fibirica* which are otherwife not eafily diftinguifhed by words, 
thofe of the latter being emarginate or linear-obcordate, whereas 
thofe of the former are quite entire at the point. 

Having had an opportunity of feeing three fpecies flower at 
Mr. Lod dices, at Hackney, this fummer, we have not 
omitted comparing them together, and think they may be 
fafely concluded to be diftincl: and characterized as follows : 

1. Atragene aujiriaca; foliis binis duplicato-ternatis : 
foliolis ovatis ferratis, ne&ariis obtufis. 

2. Atragene fibirica g foliis binis duplicato-ternatis: 
foliolis ovatis ferratis, neclariis emarginatis. 

3. Atragene americana ; foliis quaternis ternatis : foliolis 
cordatis integerrimis, neclariis acutis. 

Of the fourth fpecies, the ochotenfis of Pallas, we know 
nothing but the little this author has given of it in his Flora 
Roflica, vol. 2, p. 69. It has fix petals, but in other refpecls 
has the habit of the reft. 

According to J uss ie u, what we have denominated corolla is 
a calyx, and our ne&aries are petals. We prefer keeping to the 
Linnaean terms, and have only adopted that of nectaries inftead 
of his internal petals, in conformity to his own language in the 
reft of the order. 

The plant now figured flowers nearly at the fame time with 
Atragene aujiriaca^ a month later than fibirica> is hardly lefs 
ornamental, and has the exclufive advantage of being agreeably 
fcented. Was raifed from feeds from North-America, by 
Mr. Loddiges ; appears to be perfectly hardy, and to produce 
feeds freely, by which it may be propagated without difficulty, 
and makes a very defirable addition to our climbing fhrubs. 


\\2.Ei**rj< <ul Tub h '/'■ 

[ 888 ] 

Epidendrum Sinense. Chinese 

♦ » $ #♦$♦$♦>♦♦ »fr ♦ fr f * 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic CharaEler. 
NecJarium undulatum, obliquum, reflexum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

EPIDENDRUM finenfe ; foliis enfiformibus nervofo-ftriatis 
radicalibus, floribus nutantibus, petalis fub- 
concavo, braftea germine parum breviore. 

EPIDENDRUM finenfe. Bot. Repof. 216. Bonn. Cantab. 166. 

This plant belongs to the genus Cymbidium of Swartz*, 
and is very nearly allied to Epidendrum enjifolium of Lin- 
N^us, figured by Dr. Smith,, in his Spicilegium Botanicum ; 
fo nearly indeed that, perhaps, fome may be inclined to con- 
fider both as varieties. It is a larger plant, the leaves wider and 
more evidently nerved, the flowers larger, darker coloured, 
and more nodding ; the bracte below each flower is above 
two-thirds the length of the germen, whereas in enfifolia it is 
fcarcely one-third the length ; and the germen is much curved, 
which in enfifolia is nearly ftraight. But even thefe diftin&ions, 
flight as they are, we can hardly infill upon, unlefs we had 
feen more fpecimens of both in flower : there is however a 
confiderable difference in the general appearance, and culti- 
vators think them diftind. We have a drawing of the other 

* See the Profeflbr's paper on the genera of Orchid e^, in Trails relative fo 
Botany, which we are informed was tranflated from the Swedifh language, by 
our friend Mr- Charles Konig, two years prior to the publication. 


plant by us, and perhaps, when we publifti this, we may be 
able to fpeak more decidedly upon the fubje£fc. 

A native of China, from whence it was introduced by the 
late Mr. Slater ; has been hitherto treated as a ftove plant, 
but does not require fo much heat as the Weft-Indian fpecies, 
thriving luxuriantly in the confervatory. 

The genus Epidendrumj as at prefent conftituted, certainly 
contains many very heterogeceous fpecies ; but, perhaps, until 
a much larger number of them have been figured and defcribed, 
it may be better to fuffer them to remain as they are. Profeffor 
Swart z has done much, but we acknowledge that we are 
deterred from following his arrangement, by obferving feveral 
fpecies united which can hardly belong to the fame genus ; 
thus Epi den drum cucullatum y figured above, No. 543, ranks 
with our prefent plant under Cymbidium! 


X./ F.j^.rd. ./,/ tub. /, V 77 - lir[ll ^ c ; t , c ( > /yti< /t( j )llL 

C 88 9 ] 

Onosma Taurica. Golden-Flowered 


» » » M ft » fr * f I'I : I hHh^§ 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. campanulata : fauce pervia. Semina 4. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ONOSMA taurica ; caulibus (implicibus e bafi multicipe, 
foliis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque albo-pilofis, 
fruftibus erectis. Marfch. v. Biberjlein Terek it. 
Kur. p. 138. 

ONOSMA taurica. Pallas Tableau de la Tauride y p. 47. 
Annals of Bot. v. 2. p. 

This plant is not entirely new in our gardens, where it has 
generally paffed for Onosma echioides of Linnaeus, a much 
larger plant, greatly branched, clothed with very long yeilowifh 
hairs, and having entirely the habit of Echium vulgare. We 
at firft fufpe&ed it to be the Onosma fimplicijfima ; but, from 
the confuiion in the fynonymy and the want of precifion in the 
fpecific charaQers, it was not eafy to determine the queftion. 
But fortunately in our fearch we met with fpecimens exactly 
correfponding with our plant, in a collection fent from Cau- 
cafus to Sir Joseph Banks, by Count Muschin Puschkin, 
under the name which we have adopted ; and with the afliftance 
of our kind friend Mr. Charles Konig, we are enabled to give 
the fpecific characler as drawn up by Marfchal v. Biberstein, 
by whom we are informed that it is frequent in the open hills 
of Tauria, about KarafTubafac and Sympheropolis, and alfo in 
the mountains of the Cafpian Caucafus, flowering in May and 
June. A careful examination of the dried fpecimens left us 
almoft without doubt, vet the obfervation of this author, that 
1 the 

the flowers are of a full yellow colour, affords an additional 
proof of the identity of the plants. 

It is a hardy perennial, but requires the fame care as moll 
other alpine plants, which are often preferved with more dif- 
ficulty through our moid winters and variable fprings, than the 
natives of warmer climes. 

Our drawing was taken at the nurfery of Meflrs. Whitley 
and Br a me, Old-Brompton, in June laft. 

"J.IJvarj; id Pub by. T.&Lrtw SPGed 

lUc.llfiM F.S* 

C «90 ] 

goodenia grandiflora. l.arg&- 
Flowered Goodenia. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cap/. 2-!ocularis, 2-valvis, polyfperma, diffepimento parallelo. 
Sem. imbricata. Cor. fupra longitudinaliter fiffa, genitalia ex- 
ferens : limbo 5-fido, fecundo. Anthers lineares, imberbes. 
Stigma urceolatum, eiliatum. Smith. 

Specific Character. 

GOODENIA grandiflora ; caule herbaceo angulato, foliis 
cordatis dentato-ferratis villofis : inferioribus 
pinnatis, floribus axillaribus ternis, capfulis 
pentagonis gibbis. 

Desc. Root annual or biennial, fibrous. Stalk branched, 
three or four feet high, fix or feven angled, and deeply fur- 
rowed, hairy, filled with light pith like elder. Leaves alternate, 
°n long petioles ; upper ones fimple; heart-fhaped, acuminate, 
'awed, with teeth nearly perpendicular, foft and fomewhat 
clammy ; lower ones pinnated, the terminal leaflet the fame as 
the upper leaves and much larger than the others. Flowers 
grow generally by threes, but at the upper part of the plant 
frequently folitary, from the axils of the petioles, the common 
peduncle very fhort or almoft none, with a fhort fubulate 
D racte at the bafe of each pedicle. Calyx fuperior or growing 
to the germen, divided into five fubulate fegments, perfiftent. 
Corolla yellow, irregular ; laciniae 5, ovate-lanceolate, three- 
served on the under furface, margin undulated ; the claws 
of the three lower ones adhere together, but the two upper 


Puh by T.Cprtu, S* Gee. Creft ^ J 

4C.11<?(?J F.. 

[¥ ] 


Flowered Goodenia. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cap/. 2-locularis, 2-valvis, polyfperma, difTepimento parallelo. 
Sem. imbncata. Cor. fupra longitudinaliter fiffa, genitalia ex- 
ierens : hmbo 5 -fido, fecundo. Anther* lineares, imberbes. 
stigma urceolatum, ciliatum. Smith. 

Specific Character. 

GOODENIA grandiflora; caule herbaceo angulato, foliis 
cordatis dentato-ferratis villofis : inferioribus 
pinnatis, floribus axillaribus ternis, capfulis 
pentagonis gibbis. 

Desc. Root annual or biennial, fibrous. Stalk branched, 
three or four feet high, fix or feven angled, and deeply fur- 
rowed, hairy, filled with light pith like elder. Leaves alternate, 
°n long petioles ; upper ones fimple ; heart-fhaped, acuminate, 
Jawed, with teeth nearly perpendicular, foft and fomewhat 
clammy ; lower ones pinnated, the terminal leaflet the fame as 
e u PP er leaves and much larger than the others. Flowers 
grow generally by threes, but at the upper part of the plant 
requently folitary, from the axils of the petioles, the common 
Peduncle very fhort or almoft none, with a fhort fubulate 
ratte at the bafe of each pedicle. Calyx fuperior or growing 
o the germen, divided into five fubula"te fegments, perfiftent. 
oro "a yellow, irregular ; lacinia? 5, ovate-lanceolate, three- 
of rV h i?" tllC under farfece, margin undulated ; the claws 
the three lower ones adhere together, but the two upper 


laciniae are diftinct and ere£l, forming a hood or umbrella over 
theftyle. Stamens 5, quickly perifhing; filaments fhort, recurved, 
inferted into the crown of the germen ; anthers linear. Style ereft, 
incurved, hairy ; Stigma large, compreflTed, ciliated at the 
mouth. Capfutes five-angled, gibbous, two celled, fplitting at 
the point into four valves, to difcharge the feeds. Seeds lenti- 
cular, attached to the diffepiment, which is detached from the 
fides of the capfule at its upper part. Embryo in the centre 
of a flefhy perifperm : radicle defcendent. 

As foon as the flower opens, the ftamens are bent quite away 
from the ftigma ; but the anthers in this genus, as in moft, if 
not all, the family of campanulaceae, fhed their pollen before 
the corolla is expanded. If the flower-bud in this fpecies be 
carefully opened a day or two before its proper feafon of ex- 
panding, a moft curious fpeaacle offers itfelf, the ftigma will 
be found ereB, open, in the fhape of a cup, and fometimes 
completely rilled with the pollen, ftied from the anthers, which 
now connive over its mouth. Before the flower opens, the 
ftyle is much lengthened, and the ftigma clofes, the filament* 
at the fame time fhrinking away. 

The flowers have a fweet, but not very agreeable, fmell, * 
and the whole plant partakes of the fame. 

If brought forward by fowing the feeds in a gentle hot- bed 
in the fpring, and the young plants be afterwards fet out in 
open ground, they will flower about the beginning of Auguft, 
and continue to blofTom till the froft fets in. The feeds will 
ripen in Oaober. Requires a plentiful fupplv of water. 

We received this plant from Mr. Whitley, of Old- 
Brompton, who raifed it from feeds from New South-Wales. 

C 891 3 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cat. o. Cor. 4-fida. Stam. fauci inferta. Nux corticata, 
l-locularis. Smith. 

Specific Characler. 

PlMELEA* linifolia ; foliis lineari lanceolatis, capitulis ter- 
minalibus involucratis^ corolla extus villofa. 
Smith Nov. HolL 1. p. 31. /. ti. Willd. Sp. PL 
1. p. 50. Mart. Mill. DicJ. 

Desc. Stem fhrubby with a ferrugineous bark : branches 
ereft, fubdichotomous. Leaves oppofite, decuflate, horizontal, 
fmooth, linear-lanceolate, thickened at the margin : middle 
nerve depreffed underneath, raifed on the upper furface. ln- 
florefcence a terminal umbel, fupported by an involucre of four 
ovate, acute, quite entire leaflets. Flowers white, fcentlefs. 
Corolla tubular, with a quadrifid limb ; tube and the two ex- 
terior laciniae of the limb villous, the two interior fmooth. 
Filaments two, inferted into the margin of the tube, the 
length of the lacinise. Anthers orange- coloured. Germen 
fuperior, oval, green : Jiyle filiform, longer than the tube (in 
the centre flowers fhorter) : fligma fimple. 

For this elegant fmall greenhoufe Ihrub, which continues to 
bloom through the greateft part of the year, we are indebted 
to Mr. Loddiges of Hackney. 

It is a native of New South-Wales ; may be propagated by 
cuttings or from feeds imported from its native country. 

* For what reafon Dr. Solander applied this name to the genus is unknown ; 
hat, being derived from m^x^fat, in pronunciation the accent Ihould be laid 
upon the laft e, not on the firft ;— Pimelea not Pimelea, as has been duly noticed 
by Prof. Martyn. 


[ 8 9 2 ] 

Althaea Flexuosa. Seringapatam 

f » ♦ f ♦ » ♦ ft i| » » » a i » » » ■ 

C/j/jr ^wi Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cat. duplex : exterior 6- feu 9-fidus. Capful* plurimae, mo- 

Alcea Linn. 

Specific Ckaraiier and Synonyms. 

ALTHAEA flexuofa / caule fubflexuofo hifpido, floribus 
axillaribus folitariis, petiolis folio feptem-lobo 

The Hollyhocks in Linn^eus's fyftem formed a genus of 
themfelves under the name of Alcea ; but the number of feg- 
ments in the calyx not being very conftant, this character has 
been thought too flight; and the genus has been fuffered to 
immergein Althaea; an alteration adopted both by Schreber 
in his Genera Plantarum and Willdenow in his new edition 
of the Species Plantarum. In plants fo fubject. to vary it is 
not very eafy to diftinguifh real fpecies from mere varieties, 
and whether this will continue to preferve its characters, after 
a few years cultivation, is at prefent dubious. The dwarf 
Chinefe Hollyhock, a few years fince held in high eftimation, 
is now hardly to be found in its genuine date. 

The flowers of all that have hitherto been raifed, proved 
fingle; the ftem is about two feet high, fomewhat zig-zag from 
leaf to leaf, befet with rigid patent hairs, the petioles long and 
hairy, the leaves three, five, and feven-lobed, crenate, villous ; 
peduncles folitary, ere£t, one-flowered ; inner calyx frequently 
fix-cleft as well as the outer ; capfules hifpid. For this plant 
We are indebted to Mr. Whitley, of Old-Brompton, who 


raifed it from feeds fent by Lady Gwillim from Madrafs, 
under the name of the Seringapatam Hollyhock. 

We negle&ed to mention in our laft number that the op- 
portunity of giving a figure of the Hibiscus palujiris (No. 882) 
was afforded us by the fame ingenious cultivator, who, ob- 
ferving that under the ordinary treatment this plant never 
flowered, removed it from the open ground into the ftove 
towards the end of the fummer 1800, and thus forced it into 
bloffom ; a practice that has been fince fuccefsfully followed by 

C 8 93 ] 

Lilium Martagon. TurkVCap Lily. 

» ♦ »v »♦ ♦ »♦♦♦♦♦<♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatter. — Vid. N um - 800. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LILIUM Martagon foliis ftriftiufculis, obovato-lanceolatis, 
nudis, fubcorrugato-venofis, deorfum remote (faepe 
etiam duplicatim) verticillatis ; racemo multifioroj 
corollis pendulo-cernuis, laciniis revoluto-retlexis, 
intimis apice villofis atque obtufiffimis. G. 

LILIUM Martagon. Hort. Cliff. 120. Gartn. Sem. 2. p. 17. 
/. 83. Flor. Arragon. 301. J acq. Aujlr. t. 351. 
mild. Sp. PI. 2. 88. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 431. 

LILIUM foliis verticillatis floribus pendulis revolutis. Hall* 
Helv. n. 1233. 

LILIUM filveftre five montanum. Cluf.HiJi.i^Z- Dod.Pempt. 

LILIUM floribus reflexis montanum. Bauh. Pin. 77. 

MARTAGON. Camer. Epit. 617. 

MARTAGON Imperials Park. Parad. 28. 

MARTAGON Imperiale mofchatum. Hort. Eyjl. Plant. Mflw* 
Grd. II. necnon tab. 2 fequent. 

A native of the Auftrian mountains and of fome other parts 
of Germany. Becomes in our gardens a large plant, between 
three and four feet high, or more. Corolla glorly, glazed 
like porcelain, varies in its colour from purple, to whitiih 
purple and white. Leaves coarfe and harm. Bra&es often 
double. Diflance between the whorls of leaves about the 
length of the leaves. Pedicles long, afcendently patent. 
Stamens far fhorter than the corolla. Style clubbed, twice 
longer than germen. Perfeftly hardy ; and flowers about July 
or Auguft. 

There are two Auftrian fpecimens in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, the one with a naked, the other with a pubefcent 
Item; the former is figured in Jacquin, and is a flenderer 
{'mailer plant, but we can hardly think them fpecifically 
different. G. 

Syd E.iwarJs <UL TJtUjft 

[ 8 94 ] 


♦ 41 ♦ $ f ♦ ♦#♦ ♦ » » ft ♦♦$ » fr 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. bafi infundibuliformis, limbo campanulato, fexfido, apice 
revoluto. Stam. declinata. Stigm. 3-gonum. Germen inferum. 
Cap/. 3-gona, corolla tefta. 

Obs. Radices fafciculata, et flares in fcapo corymbofi aut raccmofi. Juss. 
Vix Agapantho nifi habitu dijiinguenda. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HEMEROCALLIS coerulea foliispetiolatis, acuminato-ovatis, 
fubplicato-nervofis ; bracteis pedicellos 
parum fuperantibus, fcariofo-membrana- 
ceis ; racemo multifloro ; corollas tubo 
fulcato-cylindrico limbum fubfemi fex- 
partitum campanulatum vix aequante ; 
ftaminibus apice involutis. G. 

HEMEROCALLIS carulea. Liliac.aRedouth 
106. t. 106. Venten. Malmaif. 18. /• 18. 

HEMEROCALLIS japonica (3. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 198. 

After the very detailed defcriptions in the works of Re- 
doute and Ventenat (above cited) of this now not uncom- 
mon plant, it would be fuperfluous to add any further defcription 
to that contained in the fpecific character, which feems to 
diftingiiifh it from Hemerocallis japonica, of which it has 
been deemed a variety by Willd enow. 

A native of China ; thought to bloom belt in the ftove ; 
but thrives very well in a greenhoufe ; and fome cultivators 
allure us, that it fucceeds in the open ground better than with 
any other treatment. 

Introduced by George Hibbert, Efq. Seeds freely, and 
is eafily propagated by offsets. 

Our drawing was taken from a fmall few-flowered fpe- 
cimcn. G. 

J '#04 

C 895 ] 


$#$;ftfr$$*fr ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ifrfr ♦♦ 

C/o/ir tf//J Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler, 

Inflor. aut fafciculata, involucro brafteis pluribus minoribus 
quafi imbricatim calyculato, aut paniculata fingulo flore fpatha 
bivalvi uni-brafteata excepto. Cor. regularis, aequalis ; vel 
tubulofa limbo 6-partito, vel tota hexapetalo-partita. Stam. 
erefta, laciniarum baft adnata. Stigm. tria. Cap/, putaminea, 
trifariam dehifcens. Sem. plura, angulato-preffa. G. Fid. 
Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 236. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

WlTSENIA corymbofa inflorefcentia corymbofo-paniculata ; 
fpatha bivalvi unibracleata ; corolla hypocrateri- 
fbrmi ; tubo erefto fpatham pluries, limbum ex- 
planatum parum, excedente; filamentis fubnullis; 
piflillo corollam fubfuperante. G. 

A new fpecies, probably the firft of the genus ever culti- 
vated in an European garden. Raifed from feeds received 
from the Cape of Good Hope by Mr. Hibbert at Clapham. 
Agrees in herb with the three fpecies enumerated in the Annals 
of Botany, v. 1. p. 237, but differs from them widely in its 
inflorefcence, which is a many-flowered corymbofe panicle, 
borne on a flat two-edged rachis and pedicles. This is the only 
genus of the order that has any thing of a frutefcent habit ; 
the rootftock becomes woody and lengthens into a flat ftem, 
covered with enfiform flabellately diftich leaves, which are im- 
bricatcly equitant towards their bafes ; this ftem is analogous 
to the rootftock of the Iris, but is lignefcent, flender, and 
upright, inftead of being flelhy, thick, and procumbent. The 
prefent plant appears to. be the connecting link of its genus with 
Lapeyrousia, fee plate 595, and probably on its other fide 
alfo with Aristea, fee A. cyanea s No. 458. Requires the 
protection of a greenhoufe j flowers in September j fcentlefs. G» 


[ 896 ] 
Dolichos Lablab. Black-Seeded 


Oafs and Order, 


Generic Charafler. 

Vexilli bafis callis 2, parallels, oblongis, alas fubtus com- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DOLICHOS Lablab ; volubilis, leguminibus ovato-acinaci- 
formibus, feminibus ovatis hilo arcuaio verfus 
alteram extremitatem. Sp. PL 1019. Reichard 
941. Willi. 3. p. 1037. Roy. Lugdb. 368. Hort. 
Up/. 214. Hajfelquijl. 483. Eng. Edit. 252. 
Mart. Mill Dicl. 2. Hort. Kezv. 3. p. 31. Gcert. 
Frucl. 2. p. 322. f. 150. 

PHASEOLUS peregrinus 14 Leblab. €//// H//?. 2. />. 227. 

PHASEOLUS asgpytius nigro femine. Bauh. Pin. 341. /?<wV 
H//?. 888. 

PHASEOLUS. fto. fttr. t. 29./. 4. 

PHASEOLUS niger Lablab. Alp. Mgypt. 74. t. 75. £ #/. 
y%-/>/. 27. ? 

Although always confidered as a native of Egypt, Hassel- 
o,ui st affures us, that this plant is only cultivated there, and was 
molt probably introduced from Europe, as it is called bv the in- 
habitants the European Bean. Is cultivated for the table in 
feveral warm countries, in the fame manner as the kidney,-bcan 
is with us ; indeed Phafeolus and Dolichos are very nearly 
allied. Is ufually confidered as a ftove plant, but is marked 
by Mr. Donn as a hardy annual. 

Alpinus defcribes his Lablab as a climbing evergreen 
tree, as large as a vine, enduring a hundred years or more, 
and in frequent ufe in the gardens of Egypt for making fhady 
bowers. Surely this muft render it very doubtful if his plant 
be the fame as ours ; more efpecially as he defcribes the pods 
as being long. 

Flowers from July to September. Said in the Hortus KeW- 
enlis to have been cultivated by the Duchels of Beaufort, 
in 1714. Communicated by Mr. Gjbbs, Seedfman, Piccadilly. 



&2J~*U Pub by XCurtu, J?e*.£ rf famJ*n JM 


[ 8 97 ] 

Pyrola Maculata. Spotted-Leaved 

f frf 1 1 g fr »f frflt i ♦♦ f $ fr 

CAz/> a »</ Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharacJer, 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala 5. G»g£ 5-locuIaris, angulis de- 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms* 

PYROLA maculata ; pedunculis fubbifloris, foliis Ianceolatis 

dentato-ferratis variegatis, ftigmate fubfeflili he* 

PYROLA maculata ; pedunculis bifloris. Spec. Plant. 567. 

Reich. 2. p. 300. Willd. 2. p. 622. Hort. Kew. 

2. p. 34. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 5. 
PYROLA maculata ; foliis Ianceolatis, rigide ferratis, fafcia 

longitudinali difcolore notatis : fcapo bi- five rarius 

trifloro ; filamentis lanuginofis : ftigmate feflili. 

Michaux Flor. Bor. Amer. 1. p. 251. 
PYROLA petiolis apice bifloris vel trifloris. Gron. Virg. 48. 
PYROLA marilandica minor folio mucronato arbuti. Pet. 

Muf. 675. 
PYROLA Mariana, arbuti foliis anguftioribus, trifoliata ; ad 

medium nervum linea alba utrinque per Iongi- 

tudinem difcurrente. Pluk. Mant. p. 157. /. 348. 

This fpecies has very near affinity with the Pyrola um- 
lellata % No. 778, and is likewife a native of North-America. 
The leaves are more rigid, pointed, and marked with a white 
line fometimes on]y on each fide the midrib, but more ufually 



[ 8 9 8 ] 
Orontium Japonicum. Japan Orontium. 

» »»*»*#*»#$$»»»»< !» 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char ail er. 

Spadix cylindricus, te&us flofculis. Cor. 6-partit£e nudas. 
Stylus nullus. Folliculi i-fpermi. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ORONTIUM Japonicum rhizomate oblongo, craffo, carnofo ; 
fibris craflis ; foliis lanceolatis, nervofo-ftriatis, 
bafi convolutis ; fcapo aroideo, iftis aliquoties 
breviore ; fpica ovali-oblonga favofim conferta; 
baccis obovato-olivaeformibus rubentibus. G. 

ORONTIUM Japonicum. Thunb. Jap. 144. Syft. Veg. 350. 
Hort. Kew. 1. 474. Sp. PI. 2. 200. 

KIRO et RIRJO, vulgo OMOTTO. Kampf. am<en. exot. 
785. Bank/. Ic. Kcempf. tab. 12. optima. 

This lingular plant is a native of Japan, and has been admi- 
rably defcribed as well as figured by the indefatigable Kjempfer, 
who fays the Japanefe plant it to cover by its luxuriant leaves 
the waite fpots and corners of their pleafure gardens. The root 
ls ra ther bitter, but without the acritude of that of Arum ; and 
c onfifts of an elongated, fubcylindric, thick, flefhy root-ftock 
w »h flefhy fibres ; leaves radical, oppofite, lanceolate, feveral, 
convolute at their bafes ; from one to two feet long, one to 
three inches broad, deep green fcape feveral times fhorter than 
the fe, one to three inches high, 1'pike oval-oblong, thick fet 
With feflile flowers, as crowded as the cells of a honey-comb, 
Parted by membranous braftes, corollas campanulate wiih the 
P°mts of the legments fomewhat infkaed; the berries are faid 
y KiEMpFER to be about the fize and form of a fmall olive, 
Containing a fcarlet pulp, with a fipgle heart fhaped feed of a 
t ° n y Stance; have a naufeous tafte. Thunb erg's defcrip- 
lon °f this plant is inconceivably defective and erroneous ; he 


lays he found it near Nagafaki as well as in feveral other parts of 
the country; if he had not quoted K^empfer and fent afpecimen, 
which is preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, it would have 
required no fmall fhare of fagacity to have difcovered what 
plant he meant. 

Introduced into this country by Mr. Gr^fer in 1783. 
Ufually cultivated in the dry ftove ; when it flowers about 
January ; but is fufficiently hardy to endure our ordinary 
winters in the open air, and flowers from March to June ; 
we have feen it in feveral colle&ions ; our drawing was made 
at that of Mr. Malcolm's, Kenfington ; propagated by off- 
fets. We loft the opportunity of examining the flowers, fo 
that we have trufted to a dried fpecimen and the drawing for 
their defcription. 

The above efTential character we have added as we found 
it in the books ; but think that it is no ways adapted to the 
prefent fpecies ,- nor indeed to Orontium aquaticum, as far 
as we can make out from the dried plant. G. 


LmtJtJU Tub.hyT.Curfo \tJaxJJto6 

C 899 ] 


Flowered Solomon's Seal. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. vel fexfido-tubulofa, vel globofa, aut fexpartito-patens. 
Stigma trigonum. Bacca fupera, 3-locularis, ante maturitatem 

Obs. Species una foliis 6-verliciIlafis, altera radicalibus vaginantibus 
fpathaceis, cat era? fejjilibus alternis. J u S s 1 E u . 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

CONVALLARIA racemofa ; herba tota pubejcens ; foliis 
ovali-lanceolatis, longe acuminatis, feffi- 
libus, alternis caulinis; racemo compofito, 
terminali; corollisrotatis, parvis, crebris ; 
laciniis peranguftis. G. 

CONVALLARIA racemofa. Sp. PL 452. Hort. Cliff. 125. 
Gron. Virg. 38, 52. Hort. Kew. 1. 455. 
Mart. Mill. Did. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 162. 
Michaux Fl. Bor-Amer. 1. 202. 

POLYGONATUM racemofum. Corn. Canad. 36. /. 37. 
MoriJ. Hifi.f. 13. /. 4./. 9. Park. Theat. 
697./. 8. 

A native of Virginia and Canada ; Michaux fays he alfo 
found it on the mountains in Carolina ; there is a diminutive 
ftrongly pubefcent variety in the Bankiian Herbarium from 
'he neighbourhood of New- York ; from which fource we alfo 
learn that it is called in the language of the Cherokee Indians, 
Okie Nozvote (Child's Pbyficj. 


Cultivated in this country by Mr. John Trad esc ant, 
jun. in 1656. A hardy perennial, growing to the height of 
about two feet; leaves ribbed, lower ones not unlike thofe of 
Plantain. Blooms about June; corollas minute, fucceeded 
by fmall red berries. Eafily propagated by parting its roots ; 
fucceeds beft. in a light foil and fhady fituation. 

Ranks among the Smilaces, a denomination given to a fub- 
divifion of this genus, including the fpecies which have rotate 
corollas. G. 

Jltl In Tl )ir!i,i 

>■'// ■ f,m I U&? 

S;J E.Lar.L- J,l f,<a„i, 

C 900 ] 

Yucca Filamentosa. Thready Adam's 


■4hMh^»»»»» » ♦♦♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦ » 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. hexapetalo-partita, campanulata. Slam, filamcntis fu- 
pcrne craffioribus ; anthcris minimis. Stigm. 3, fcffilia. Cap/. 
(Bacca carnofa G<ertn.) obtufe trigona. Sem. plana. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

YUCCA filamcntofa (acaulis) foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, mar- 

ginibus diftanter filifcris ; lligmatibus recurvato- 

patentibus. G. 
YUCCA filamentofa. Syjl. Vegetab. Mttrr. 337. Mill DM. 4. 

Gron. Virg. 152 ; 58. Trew Ebret. /. 37. //'.'. 

Kew. 1. 465. li'tl Id. Sp. PL 2. 184. Michaux Bor. 

Bor-Amcr. 1. 196. 
YUCCA foliis filamentofis. Mori/, llijl. 2. p. 419. 
YUCCA virginiana foliis per marginem apprimc hlatis. Pink. 

Jim. 396. 

According to Michaux a native of the weftem parts of 
Carolina and Virginia, growing on wilds neat the fea-fhore, 
with a (1cm rifing fometimes to the height of live feci. 
An old inhabitant of our gardens, having been cultivated 
in them as far back as 1675. Hardy. Wry ornamental ; 
flowers about September or Oftober. Is not uncommon in 
our Nurferics ; propagated by fuckers. G. 


No. 854, 1. 14, pro " Lachekalia anguftifolia," lege " Lachikai rA 

No. 8q5, 1. 26, for " a flat two-edged rachii and pedicle*," read *' a fiat 
two-edged ftalk and radus.'^ 

C 901 ] 

Lobelia Erinus. Ascending Lobelia. 
#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦* ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Charafter. 

CaL 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Anthera cohaerentes. 
Cap/, infera 2- feu 3-Iocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA Erinus ; caulibus filiformibus tortuofo-ere&is, 
foliis obovatis incifo-dentatis glabris petiolatis, 
floribus racemofis terminalibus, capfulis bilocu- 

LOBELIA Erinus ; foliis lanceolatis ferratis glabris, caule 
flexuofo erefro, pedunculis axillaribus folio lon- 
gioribus. Thunb. Prod. 40. ? 

LOBELIA Erinus. Syjl. Vegetab. 802. 1 Willd. Sp. Pi. u 
p. 948. t 

There is fo much difficulty in determining many fpecies of 
Lobelia, that it is not without hefitation that we give this 
plant, as the Lobelia Erinus ; it feems probable indeed that 
Linn^us himfelf took up different plants, under this name. 
At firfl fight there appears to be a great fimilarity between the 
prefent plant and that figured at No. 514 of this work, but a 
nearer examination fhews a fufficient difference ; the flowers 
hardly differ, except that in the Erinus the flower fegments arc 
™ore obtufe and the colour is more brilliant ; the ftalks, 
though weaker, affect a more upright growth and feem cal- 
culated to rife up among grafs ; the whole plant is fmooth, 
whereas the other is covered in every part with ftiffifh hairs ; 
the root is perennial, as indeed it is in birolor, though faid 
by us, erroneoufly, to be annual ; the capfules of both arc 
two-celled, in which refpeft our plant does not correfpond with 
the defcription of Linnaeus. 


We were favoured wnh the plant from which our drawing 
was made by the lady of }. Wilson, Efq. of Iflington. 

Native or the Cape of Good Hope; flowers from June to 
September; fliould be kept in an airy part of the greenhoufe 
during the winter, and requires a plentiful fupply of water 
whillt in bloom. 

The Lobelia bicolor, No. 514, as we at firft fufpecled, is 
perhaps a mere variety of the Lobelia pubejeens of the Hortus 
Kcwenfis ; the (lowers of the former frequently degenerate to 
white, yet we have never feen them of fo pure a white as in 
the original pubrfcens t in which too the ftalks are more ere£t, 
more branched at the upper part, and the leaves are broader, 
more toothed, and fomewhat more pubefcent. 


t ' IMS FSanj:- 

[ 9°2 ] 

Antirrhinum Asarina. Heart-Leaved 


•jjt ftJUnfrjt JmjhM* ♦#♦♦ ♦♦♦ 4 

Clqfs and Order, 


Generic Charafter. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Corolla bafis deorfum prominens, neclarifera. 
Cap/. 2-locdaris. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ANTIRRHINUM Afarina ; foliis oppofitis cordatis crenatis, 

corollis ecaudatis, caulibus procumbenti- 

bus. Spec. PL 860. Reich. 3. p. 139. 

Willd. 3. p. 259. Hort. Cliff. 313. Hart. 

Kew. 2. />- 338. Mart. Mill. Did. n. 43. 
ASARINA procumbent. Mill. Dicl. 
ASARINA. Lob. Ic. 601. Bauh, Hifl. 3. p. 856. Hort. Rem. 

3. t. 3. 
ASARINA galeata. Morif. Hifl. 3. p. 432. {. 11. /. 21. 

f. penult. 
HEDERA faxatilis magno flore. Bauh. Pin. 306. Ger. Etnac. 

856. 2. Rait. Hi ft. 567. 

This fpecies of Antirrhinum, although cultivated by- 
Bo b art, at Oxford, as long ago as the year 1699, and again 
D y Philip Miller, in the Phyfic Garden at Chelfea, before 
1 748, may be neverthelefs confidered as a rare plant. 

Native of Italy, and, according to Miller, a hardy an- 
nual, faid in the Kew Catalogue to be perennial and hardy ; but 
Mr. Donx, of Cambridge, juftly confiders it as a greenhoufe 

I lowers from July to September. Our drawing was taken 
from a plant communicated by Napier and Chandler, 
Nurfej-yruen, Vauxhall. 

C 903 £] 

Nelumbium Speciosum. Sacred Bean 
of India, 


Generic Characler. 

Cat. 4 feu 5-phyllus. Cor. polypetala. Nuces t-fpermse, ftylo 
perfiftente coronatae, receptaculo truncato immerfae. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

NELUMBIUM fpeciofum ; foliis peltatis, orbiculatis integer- 
rimis, pedunculis petiolifque muricatis, co- 
rolla polypetala. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 1258. 

NELUMBO nucifera. Gatrt. Frucl. 1. p. 73. /. 17./. 2. 

NYMPHvEA Nelumbo ; Sp. PL 730. Reich. 2. p. 579. 
Lercbc in Nov. Aft. Nat. Cur. v. 5. app. 
p. 191. Thanh, yap. 223. Lour. Cochinch. 
340. Pluk. Aim. 267. /%/. /. 322. /. 1. 

CYAMUS Nelumbo. Smith Exot. Bot. /. 31 & 32. 

CYAMUS myfticus. Salijb. in Ann. of Botany t v. 2. p. 73. 

TARATTI. Rumph. Amb. 6. p. 168. /. 73. 

TAMARA. Rheede Malab. v. n. p. 59. /. 30. 

REN. Kcempf. Am<en. Exot. 880. 

In the courfe of our botanical purfuits, we have long been 
in the habit of looking up to the learned Prefident of the 
Linnean Society, and have ever been happy to fhelter our- 
felves under his authority ; it is not without reluctance there- 
fore, that, in this inftance, we think ourfelves obliged to 
forfake his banners, and adhere to thofe principles by which 
*e have been hitherto governed, in our choice of names. 

Lin n^ us 

Linxjeus had followed preceding botanifls in uniting the 
plant, with the figure of which we now prefent our readers, to 
the genus Nymphaea, calling it Nymphaea Nclumbo; but on 
account of the very remarkable difference in the ftruclure of 
the fruit, later botanifts found it neceffary to raife it into a 
«iew genus: accordingly Adanson, Gartner, Jussieu, and 
Willdenow adopted Lin nous's trivial name, the vulgar 
appellation of the plant in the iiland of Ceylon. For the fake 
of uniformity of language, Jussieu gave it a Latin termination, 
and Nelumbium has been fince generally admitted. But 
Dr. Smith, departing from his great matter's precept, that 
a Juitable name is not to be changed even for a better, prefers 
Cyamus, a name under which the fame plant is defcribed by 
Theophrastus, and therefore, doubtlefs, unobjectionable, 
had it been at all neceffary to feek a new one. It may be re- 
marked, however, that this name is not given by Theophras- 
tus exclulively to this plant, as the worthy President feems 
to have imagined ; it before belonged to a leguminous plant, 
probably, fome kind of bean, common in Greece, and was 
applied to the Nelumbium merely on account of the fimilarity 
of the feed, juft as our Engltfh voyagers give the name of 
apples, pears, and goofeberries, to fuch tropical fruits as bear 
fome fort of refemblance to the produce of their own country, 
and precifely as Herodotus had long before, in defcribing 
the lame plant, called it a rofe-coloured Lily ; on which 
account, by the bye, another botanift may think, that Crinum 
has every right and title to be preferred, and thus names may 
be altered without end.* 

Dr. Smith accufes us, in common with other modern 
writers, of confounding the Nymphjea Lotus with this plant, 
but certainly without juft ground. Indeed, no botanift can 
poflibly have miftaken the one for the other, fince the publi- 
cations of GiERTNER and Jussieu, however the mythological 
hiftory of thefe plants may have been occafionally mifappHed. 
If any difficulties remained, thefe have been fince cleared up 


-* It may appear, at firft fight, that as the chapter begins "' o3i,w £fJ 
>mW &c. that this name is applied exclufively to the plant of w , hic " 
Theophrastus is here fpeaking, but in fome copies the reading is " ° c ' 
*.v.»y*< t> 'AiyMlrffenu"; there is no occafion, however, to have recouri 
to this reading, for the fentence is evidently continued from the end ot tw 
former chapter, where the author is treating of aquatic plants growing * 
Egypt, and confequently the repetition of the epithet Egyptian was unnecefltfjj 
In other places Theophrastus has himfelf ufed the word xlay* t0 den ° , 
fome kind of palfe, and it occurs repeatedly in the works of Hifpocrate 
with the fame meaning. 

by the mafterly papers of Savigny and De Lile, publifhed 
in the firft volume of the Annates du Mufium d'Hiftoire Naturclle, 
in 1802 (vide Annals of Botan\\ vol, 2. page 174. ) which 
contain a very fair and fatisfaclory account of the Egyptian 
Lotus, and a careful diftiu£tion of it from the Egyptian Bean ; 
together with every thing that has been faid of thefe plants by 
Herodotus, Theophrastus, and other ancient writers. 

Whether in the Egyptian mythology the Nymphaea Lotus 
became important only as a fubftitute for the Sacred Bean, as 
Dr. Smith prefumes, we leave to others to decide,- to us, how- 
ever, it feems probable that a plant which made its appearance 
only with the inundation of the Nile, the fource of all fertility 
in Egypt, and difappeared as the water receded, lying con- 
cealed in the arid fand, until revivified by the fucceeding inun- 
dation, could not fail to be celebrated by the ancient Egyptians, 
independent of any refemblance it might bear to the Sacred 
Bean. Even the prefent inhabitants diitinguifh it by the name 
of the fpoufe of the Nile, a term expreflive of its being con- 
fidered bv them as the fymbol of the fertility about to be 
renewed by the fojourn of the waters upon the earth. Our 
prefent plant which grew, as Theophrastus informs us, in 
ftagnant waters, and not in the lands overflowed by the Nile, 
appears to have had a lefs powerful claim to the adoration of 
the fuperftitious Egyptians. 

Befides, the more frequent occurrence both of the flower 
and fruit of the Nymph^a Lotus y than of the Nelumbium, 
on the fculptured monuments and fymbolic tables of the ancient 
temples of Egypt, militates againft the Prefident's opinion ; as 
does alfo the blending of the fruit of the former plant with the 
ears of corn, to form the infignia of Isrs, as the fymbols of 
fertility and abundance, and the probable conjecture, that the 
Poppy' was dedicated to Ceres, whofe attributes are fo fimilar 
to thofe of the Egyptian goddefs, entirely on account of its 
refemblance to the Lotus. It is remarkable too, that if the 
Nelumbium was really the celebrated Lotus of antiquity 
Herodotus and Theophrastus, who have defcribed both 
plants, fhould have agreed in applying the name of Lotus to 
the Nymphaea. 

The conjecture of our learned friend, that the Beans, faid to 
be forbidden by Pythagoras to be eaten by his difciples, were 
the fruit of the Nelumbium, although favoured by the cir- 
cumftance, that this celebrated philofopher is fuppofed to have 
imbibed his doctrines from the Egyptian priefts, may, perhaps, 
be rendered dubious by the apparent abfurdity of profcribing 
the ufe of a vegetable altogether unknown in Greece ; a con- 

duel much the fame as if an Englifii enthufiaft fliould preach 
up in London the neceffity of a total abftinence from yams! 

The Nelumbium is no longer found in Egypt, but is com- 
mon in mod parts of the Eaft-Indies, and appears to be held 
in high eftimation in China, where there are feveral varieties, 
if not diftinft fpecies. Is faid to occur likewife in the Weft- 
Indies, but it appears to us probable that this is a different 

The feeds of this plant preferve their vegetative properties 
for very many years ; which makes it the more furprifing, 
that fuch a very ornamental and fragrant flower fhould not more 
frequently occur in our ftoves; but its proper culture does not 
feem to be as yet well underftood. It requires a deep ciftern 
with a confiderable depth of mud for its roots. The ancient 
Egyptians planted the feeds in balb of mud or clay, mixed with 
chaff, and thus funk them in the water ; perhaps this practice 
might be fuccefsfully imitated. 

Although feldom reared to perfection in this country, it 
bears the fevere cold of Pekin with impunity. Probably, if 
attention were paid to obtain feeds from the coldeft climes in 
which it is found, we might be more fuccefsful in cultivating it, 
with little or no artificial heat ; at prefent, we believe, it has 
not with us been made to flower out of the (love. 

Our drawing was firft fketched from a very fine plant in 
bloffom at Mr. Liptrap's, at Mile-End, in the year 1797. 
and finiftied from one that made a moil magnificent appearance 
in the (love of the Right Honourable Charles Greville, 
at Paddington, in the fummer of 1804. Introduced in 1784* 
by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 

A. reprefents a flower of the natural fize over a fmall leaf. 

B. adiminifhed figure of the plant, (hewing the mode of its growth. 


-fW-EjHa^LJ,! Pub 

C 9°4 ] 

Melastoma Corymbosa. Corymbous 


» » » $ ♦ t f t f ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ fr-frM-ft 

C/tf/> and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cal. 5-fidus campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inferta. Bacca 
5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Charailer and Synonyms* 

MELASTOMA corymbqfa; foliis feptemnerviis cordato-ovatis 
acutis ferratis nudis, corymbo paniculato 

MELASTOMA 5. Afz. in Herh Banks? 

This very handfome fpecies of Melaftoma is a native of 
Sierra Leone, on the Weft coaft of Africa. We believe it was 
introduced into this country by our friend, ProfeflbrAFzELius, 
and is hitherto undefcribed. 

Our memoranda have been miflaid, but, if we miftake not, 
it belongs to the oftandrous divifion, having eight ftamen.% 
three of which are fterile. Requires to be kept in the flove, 
but is not fo impatient of cold as might be fufpe£led from the 
place of its natural growth. Is propagated by cuttings. Our 
plant was received from Mr. Loddiges, Hacknev. 

SJL&twr&dil Vuh hy T( 

' / i^v> 

C 905 ] 

Andromeda Arborea, Tree Andromeda, 
or Sorrel-Tree. 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal, 5-partitus. Cor. ovata: ore 5-fido. Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ANDROMEDA arborea ; paniculis terminalibus, corollis 
fubpubefcentibus, foliis ellipticis acuminatis 
denticulatis. L'Herit. Stirp. Nov. v. 2. 
Hort. Kew. 2. p. 69. Willd. Sp. PL 565. 
Marl. Mill. Dift. a. 13. 

ANDROMEDA arborea • racemis fecundis nudis, corollis 
rotundo-ovatis. Sp. PI. 565. 

ANDROMEDA arborea ; rarais teretibus ; foliis majufculis 
oblongo - ovalibus, acutiffime acuminatis, 
argute ferrulatis : panicula terminali, poly- 
llachia : corollis pubefcentibus, ovoideo- 
cylindraceis : antheris linearibus, muticis. 
Michaux Flor. Bar- Am. 1. p. 255. 

THE SORREL-TREE. Catejb. Car. 1. p. jx. t. 71. 

Said to grow in its native foil, in the Alhegany-Mountains, 
into a tree fifty or fixty feet high. The fpecimen from 
which our drawing was taken forms a very large fhrub in 
Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's Nurfery, in Old Brompton; 
the branches are pendent, and the long racemes of white 
flowers grow from their extremities. BloiToms from July to 
September, and during this feafon in particular makes a very 
handfome appearance. 

.*£ U. Tub by TCwUt, XGeoCrefcmt Fd> LI 

[ 90S ] 

Ziziphora Serpyllacea. Sweet-Scented 


fr $$»$»$ + ♦»♦ M ♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Char after. 

Cor. ringens : labio fuperiore reflexo, integro. Cah filiformis. 
Sent. 4. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ZIZIPHORA ferpyllacea / capitulis terminalibus ovalibus, 
foliis ovatis fubferratis : floralibus fubfimili- 
bus integerrimis ciliatis. 

ZIZIPHORA ferpyllacea ; racemis terminalibus capitatis, fo- 
liis ovato-lanceolatis fubferratis : floralibus 
confimilibus. Marfchall. v. Beberjlein 'Terek 
u Kur, p. 127. Annals of Botany, v. 2. inedit. 

ZIZIPHORA odoratijjima. Loddiges. 

Seeds of this alpine plant were received from Mount Caucafus, 
by Mr. Loddiges, who kindly fent it us in flower in July 
laft. It continues feveral weeks in bloffom, and is at the 
fame time agreeable to the eye and grateful to the fmell. 

Having compared our plant with the fpecimens fent from 
Caucafus by Mr. Adams to Sir Joseph Banks, under the 
name we have adopted, we are certain of the identity of their fpe- 
cies. In thefe fpecimens as well as in ours the braftes are not 
cxaftly fimilar to the leaves, being fmaller, rounder, and more 
acuminate, without notches, ciliated at the edge, and more 
ft rongly nerved. The filaments in this fpecies are extremely ihort, 
the anthers being nearly feffile in the faux of the corolla. \ n 
the fame collection is another plant very nearly refembling this 
except that the calyx is thickly covered with ftiff hairs; as 
far as we can judge in the dried flate it appears to be a mere 
variety of this ; Mr. Adams however considers it as a diftinft 
fpecies, and calls it Ziziphora Poufcbkini. We have pre- 
ferved as a fynonym the name by which Mr. Loddiges re- 
ceived it, as we have fometimes found that the plants of thefe 
very diftant countries have been publifhed under thefe names 
long before we have known of it. 


SflE&mJt&l Tub h) TCurhs 

■ Feh U&6 FJm 

C 9*7 3 


Flowered Coronilla. 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
CaL 2-labiatus : •§-: dentibus fuperioribus connatis. Vexillum 
vix aiis longius. Legumen ifthmis interccptum. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 
CORONILLA coronata; caulibus erettis flexuofrs, folrolis 
novenis ellipticis: internis cauli approximatis, 
leguminibus pendulis. 
CORONILLA coronata; fuffruticofa, foliolis novenis ellip- 
ticis : internis cauli approximates, ftipula 
* oppofitifolia bipartita. Willd. Sp. PL%. p. us 1, 
CORONILLA coronata. Spec. PL 1047. ^ich. 3. 492* 
Syft. Veg. 669. J acq. Auftr. t. 95. Hoffnu 
Germ. 260. Roth. Germ. I. 318. II. 212. 
CORONILLA ?nontana. Scop. Cam. 912. /. 44. Riv. tetr. 

U 93- 

CORONILLA caule ere&o, foliis undenis ovatis, flonbus 

umbellatis, filiquis artieulatis pendulis. HalL 

Helv. 388. 
COLUTEA filiquofa minor coronata. Bauh. Pin. 397. Rati 

Hiji. 924. 
COLUTEA fcorpioides altera. Cluf. Pan. 46. Chif. Hiji. U 

p. 98. 
COLUTEA fcorpioides montana Clufii. Ger. Emac. 1300. 

The ftipulas in this plant, if any, are fo deciduous, that, 
when the plant is in flower, they are not feen, on which 
account we have omitted them in the fpecific characler and 
added the more diftinguifhing mark of the pendulous feed-pods. 
It is properly an herbaceous perennial, for, although the lower 
part of the ftem becomes woody, it perifhes to the ground 
every year ; is a much handfomer growing plant than the Coro- 
nilla varia; the root furvives our common winters in the open 
ground, unlefs the foil be too wet. Is a native of the fouthern 
mountains of Europe. Propagated by feeds. Flowers in the 
Summer months. Introduced in 1776 by Profefibr Jacquin. 
Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, 


?£l~4M. fuhbyT.i ..lleki.ised. l.S*nfe»< ■*■£ 

[ 9°8 ] 



CAj/i £//</ Order, 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cad. l-pbyllus, ventricofus. Pctala 5, unguiculala. Catf. 
fupera, femitrilocularis, apice dehifcens, polyfperma. Smith. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms. 

SILENE fimhiata / floribus dichotome paniculatis, petalis 
femibifidis incifo-fimbriatis, corona bipartita, caly- 
cibus inflatis venofis pubefcentibus. 

CUCUBALUS multtfidus. Adams in Herb. Bank/. 

LYCHNIS Behen alba fimilis, major pcrfoliata. Buxb. Cent. 
3.^.31./. 57 . ? 

Desc. Stalks ereft, two feet high, hairy, round. Leaves 
broad, heart-fhaped, quite entire, rugofe underneath, hifpid 
on both fides : margin undulated, upper ones feffile, lower 
petiolated. Petioles winged, connate. Infiorefcenee a dicho- 
tomous panicle. Calyx inflated, covered with a foh pubef- 
cence. Corolla five-petaled : claws of the petals very narrow 
and diftant, expanding into wings at the upper part ; limb 
divided half-way : lobes finely cut. Crown a bipartite procefs 
arifing from the middle of the limb, not its bafe. Stamens ten ; 
filaments the length of the petals, inferted into the elevated 
receptacle below the ovary ; anthers ovate greenifh. Ovary 
nearly globular, fomewhat flattened, half three-celled ; (Hies 
three ; ftigmas acute. Capftde one-celled, the dilfcpiments 
which extended from the circumference half-way to the recep- 
tacle in the ovary now difappearing. Receptacle of the feeds 
conical, central, unconnected. Seeds reniform rugofe. 


This has altogether the habit of Cucubalus Behen of Lin- 
naeus (Silene inflataof Smith) of which it is doubtlefs a 
congener. However averfe from unneceffarily changing names, 
we entirely agree with our friend Dr. Smith in the propriety 
of feparating thefe plants from Cucubalus bacciferus and 
uniting them with the genus Silene, of which the prefent fpe- 
cieshas altogether the charafter; nor is the Behen perfectly free 
at all times from thefe procefles, which forms what Linnaeus 
calls the corona^ as is obferved by Dr. Smith, and before him 
by that accurate Botanift Pollich. 

Native of Mount Caucafus ; perfectly hardy ; propagated by 
feeds, which it produces plentifully. Introduced by Mr. 
Loddiges, from whom we received it in flower in July laft, 
under the name of Cucubalus jimbriatus. 


&£*** m Tub. by I Curiu, ST9a> t Wceni Mm ia tf 

[ 9°9 ] 
Medicago Carstiensis. Creeping- 
Rooted Medick. 

» j| l f |NMl ft ♦♦ <"> ♦ t **♦"♦ *# 

Cfo/i W Orvfcr. 


Generic Character. 

Legmen compreflum, cochleatum. Carina corolla a vexillo 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MEDICAGO carjlienjis ; pedunculis multifloris, leguminibus 
cochleatis utrinque compreflis, aculeis fubulatis 
reBis, ftipulis dentatis, caule ere&o. Wiltd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. i4»2. 

MEDICAGO carjlienfis; caule ereHo, radice perenm rep- 
tante, floribus umbellatis, leguminibus coch- 
leatis fetalis. Jacq. Coll. 1. p. 86. lc. rar. 1. 
t. 156. HoftSyn. 417. 

MEDICA cochleata polycarpos, capfula fpinofa mmorc, per- 
ennis ciliaris five capfulis cilianbus nigns. 
Morif. Hifl. 2. p. 154. 

MEDICA ciliaris Guilandini. Rail Hifl. 965. 

This fpecies of Medicago is undoubtedly diftina from all 
the fuppofed varieties of Medicago polymorph** particularly 

in having a perennial creeping root and upright, iquare, almolt 

fhrubby ftalks. . ~ . . 

Found by Bursati in the Carftian mountains in Camiola, 
by whom feeds were lent to Profeflbr J acquis. Although 
feemindv confidercd by him as entirely new, it was known 
to tame of the older Botanic Ray gathered his plant in the 
mountains of Carinthia. Reichard, in his edition of the 
Species Plantarum, added the Synonyms of Ray and Mot- 
ion to the ciltarts, in which he was followed by Profeflor 


Martyn, in his edition of Miller's Dictionary ; but Will- 
den ow is certainly right in having applied them to this 

Flowers in June and July ; is a hardy perennial, but like 
other alpine plants, apt to perifh in our humid winters. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant fent us by Mr. Lod- 
diges. We had alfo a fpecimen fome years before from 
the Botanic Garden at Brompton. We learn from Mr. Don n, 
in his Hortus Cantabrigienfis, that it was introduced in 1790, 
probably by himfelf. 




Tvh by XCwrlis.S^fv.CrrfrentMari 

16V6. TSv 

C 9io ] 

Halesia Tetraptera. Four-Winged 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ft $ » ## ft ft ft ft ft ft ft i ( i ft 

C/rf/} #;/i Order. 
DodecanDria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 4-dentatus, fuperus. Cor. 4-fida. A r «x 4-angularis, 
4-locularis. Sem. folitaria. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HALESIA tetraptera ; foliis ovatis acuminatis, venis fubtus 

pilofis, alis fructus sequalibus. Willd. Arb. 137. 

Ejufd. Sp. PL 2. p. 849. 
HALESIA tetraptera. Sp.Pl.636. Reich. 2. p. 4 1 7. Michaux 

Fl. Bor-Amer. 2. p. 40. Gart. Fruft. 1. p. 160. 

/. 32. Cavan. Dijf. 6. p. 338. /. 186. Ellis in 

Acl. Ang. v. 51. p. 831. /. 22./. A. Mart. Mill. 

Did. a. 1. 
FRUTEX padi foliis ferratis, floribus monopetalis albis cam- 

paniformibus, fruftu craffo tetragono. Catejb. 

Car. 1. p. 64. /. 64. 

This fine fhrub was named in honour of the learned and 
venerable Stephen Hales, D. D. F. R. S. by John Ellis, 
Efq. who firft railed it in this country from feeds fent over by 
Dr. Alexander Garden, in 1756. It is a native of South- 
Carolina, where it grows by the fides of rivulets (haded by 
wood. Is perfectly hardy. Flowers in April and May ; but not 
with us, as in America, entirely before the appearance of the 

Propagated by feeds, and as thefe, in favourable feafons, 
are not unfrequently perfected here, we are furprifed that a 
fhrub of fo much beauty mould not be more generally met 
*vith in our pleafure-grounds. According to Dr. Garden, 
'he fruit is alfo very pleafant to the tafle. 


[ 9" ] 

Cypripedium Parviflorum. Yellow 
Ladies Slipper. 

C/ti/j W Onfcr. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Charafler. 

Petala 4, cruciatim difpofita. Neclarii labium inferius ven- 
tricofum, inflatum, cakeiforme. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CYPRIPEDIUM parviflorum; petalis lateralibus linearibus 

contortis calceolo avenio longioribus. 
CYPRIPEDIUM parviflorum ; lobo ftyli fagittaeformi bafi 

deflexo, labello petalis breviore compreflb. 

Swartz Orchide*. Trafts on Botany, p. 207. 

Salijbury in Linn. Tranf. v. 1. p. 77. t. 2. 

CYPRIPEDIUM Cakeolus ; rainutim pubefcens : caule fp- 
liofo : laciniis calycis exterioribus oblongo- 
ovalibus, acuminatis ; interioribus lineari- 
bus confertifque : calceolo luteo. Micbaux 
FL Bor-Amer. v. 2. p. 161. 

HELLEBORINE cakeolus diQa, mariana, caule foliofo, flore 
luteo minore. Pluk. Uant. p. 101. /. 488. 

This fpecies of Ladies-Slipper is an inhabitant of North- 
America, from New-England to North- Carolina It comes 
very near to the European fpecies, and we fuppofe has been 
miftaken for the fame by Mich aux, in whofe fpecific descrip- 
tion confertis feems to be an error or the prefs for contort;; 
It is a taller plant, more pubefcent; lateral or interior petals 
longer, narrower, and more curled; and the neBanuin or 
flipper is of a plain yellow colour without veins. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, at his late 
refidence at Vauxhall, early in June. 

Jussieu calls fegments of the calyx, both the petals and 
nectarium, as we, in conformity to Linnaeus and moll Bo- 
tanilts, call them; Swartz confiders our petals as calyx and 
the ne£tarium as corolla. Dr. Smith has very properly re- 
marked that there is no end to difputes of this kind ; to us 
the language of Linnaeus appears the moft eafily intelligible, 
and the name of neclarium, fo offenfive to many modern 
Botanifts, is conveniently applied to thofe parts of a flower 
that have an anomalous form, although they mav not always 
be organs for fecreting or retaining the honey. To avoid the 
impropriety of borrowing a name from a function, which the 
part does not perform, fotne botanifts have propofed to fubfti- 
tute parapetalum for neZlarium ,• but it feems hardly worth while 
to change an eftablifhed word, well underftood ; and indeed 
we believe that the cafes, where theie parts are not really re- 
ceptacles of honey or fome analogous fluid, are fewer than is 
generally fuppofed. 


i,l£i* • . - , ? v /«J h Tt urtir, S*.G$o Creu-ent Mar.USPt. ISa*/« 

[ 9*2 ] 

Campanula Macrophylla. Large- 
Leaved Bell-Flower. 

t ♦ it $ i » $ $ » ♦*#$ % $ ♦ $ t 

C/iz/jr #»i Order* 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafler. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiforis. Stigma 
trifidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Char ail er and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA macrophylla; capfulis obte&is trilocularibus, 
foliis cordatis crenatis fubtus tomentofis, 
florihus in racemo compofito nutantibus 

CAMPANULA alliarisefolia. Adams ? 

Descr. Root biennial ? tap-fhaped. Stalk round, ereft, 
ftriated, woolly, and hairy, branched at the top only and 
fometimes terminated in a fimple raceme. Radical leaves 
large, heart-fiiaped (in ourfpecimen haftate, but this form does 
not appear to be conftant) crenate, tomentofe underneath, 
cauline on footflalks gradually fhortening upwards : floral quite 
leffile. Flowers white, nodding, fecund, at the ends of the 
branches, on fhort curved footftalks, which grow fingly from 
the axils of the floral leaves. Calyx of five lanceolate entire 
Segments, with their margins rolled back, erect, with the 
angles lengthened, reflected upon and adhering to the germen, 
which is top-fhaped, irregularly fulcated, three-celled, and 
terminated by a trifid, finally revolute fiigma. Corolla bell- 
fhaped : tube three times longer than calyx, widening gra- 
dually upwards : limb five-cleft, fegments patent, ciliated at the 
edges ; angles between the fegments as if pinched into a tooth- 

like procefs, vifible before die bloffom is expanded. Valves 
fupporting the ftamens ovate, ciliated : filaments fhort, capil- 
lary : anthers linear. The whole plant abounds with a clammy 
greenifh milk. 

For this new fpecies of Campanula we are indebted to 
Mr. Loddiges, the product of feeds fent him from Mount 
Caucafus. Specimens of the fame plant are in the collection 
tranfmitted from that country to Sir Joseph Banks, by Count 
Mousmin Poushkin ;; but the ticket containing the name 
given by Dr. Adams having been loft, we are not certain that 
we apply from his lift the one intended, and the leaves not 
appearing to us to bear a good refemblance to thofe of Alliana, 
we have preferred that by which we faw the fame plant 
defignated in Mr. Vere's fine collection at Kenfmgton- 

Is perfe&ly hardy. Flowers in July and Auguft. Propa- 
• gated by feeds. Being of large growth it requires room, and is, 
on that account, more adapted to ornament extenfive plantations, 
than the confined parterre. 

■JRhmifU. Tub b) TCurtir, JfGefi.-Cre/Lvnt Mar i idvd E$*& 

C 913 ] 

Eucomis Punctata. Spotted-Leaved 

fr ft ♦ frf ♦ fr ♦ » friE ft ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. infera, fexdivifa, perfiftens ; laciniis re&ioribus. Stum. 
ferto membranaceo brevi corollas adnato connexa. Germ. 
trigonum, membranam ftaminilegam lorjge fuperans. G. 

Fritillaria. Linn. Bassil^a. Jnjf. 

Obs. Massonije confinis; dignofcenda tamen tubo vix ullo, germme 
Juprafertum fiaminilegum longe exftante, corolla laciniis neve retrofiexis vel 
etiam recurvatis ; exque habitu, hie enim educhur Massoni;e umbcllavel 
corymbus in racemumfpicatum coma varia magnitudinis terminatum. Gra- 
vijjime fallhnur quando ad N um * 840 bujus generis radicem dicimus " Bulbum 
fquamofo-tunicatum ut in Lilio ;" efi enim « Bulbus tumcatus, tumas 
craj/ioribusy" parum quidem ab ilk Massoni^e recedens. G, 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

EUCOMIS puntlata foliis pluribus, oblongo-lanceolatis, ca- 

naliculato-depreflis; racemo elongato-cyhndraceo; 

coma brevi microphylla ; bradeis inclufis pedi- 

cellos fubcequantibus ; corolla rotata ; ftamimbus 

divergenter patentibus. G. 
EUCOMIS punctata. Hort.Kew.i. 433- L'Herit. Sert.Ang 

18. /. 18. Marl. Mill. Ditl. 4. U Md. Sp. PL 

2. 93. 
ORNITHOGALUM punclatum. Thanh. Prod. 62. 
ASPHODELUS comofus. I lout t. Linn. Pfl. Syjl. 11. />. 381. 

/. 83. 

The trivial name is taken from the curious dotting of the Rem 
and leaves.— Introduced by Mr. John Grj ;fi u, in 1783, from 
the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in July. Its fcent leems 

to us not unpleafant. The leaves do not lie flat on the ground 
as thofe of many of the fpecies do ; but are upright and diva- 
ricately patent ; pedicles little longer than the corolla, about 
equal to the braBes, which are fomewhat coloured and concave; 
corolla ftellately patent and parted almoft to the bafe ; filaments 
fhorter than corolla, connate, but only for a very little diftance, 
divergent, fomewhat incurved; both filaments and corolla 
are at firft white, but turn green in time. Germen ovate- 
faftigiate ; ftyle curved. A common greenhoufe plant, of 
moft eafy culture. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen fent by Mr.BucHA^ 
nan, Nurferyman, at Camberwell. G. 


SjJ£Jvan6Jd Pub by Tl'urhs &Ge? Crefcent Mar ] Mod IJa» 

C 9M ] 

Phalangium Liliago (3). Lesser Grass- 
Leaved Phalangium. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, tota patens vel a bafi connivens, 
perfiftens. Filam. filiformia, nuda. Stylus aflurgens, fur- 
fum incrafcefcens. Stigm. hianter obtufum. G. 

Obs. Radix perennis, fibrofa ; fibris Jimplicibus, carnojis, craf[iujculis t 
fafcicuhtis. Folia radicalia t ex linearibus longe attenuata, canaliculata. 
Flares albi, fapius cum virore. Caulis annuus, ereflus, Jimplictjftmus vel 
ramofus ; pedunculi bracleati, unifiori, obfcurius uniarticular', fpicatim 
digejli. ' Differ t Asphodelo filamentis baft baud fornicatim dilatatis at que 
germini coaptatis ; capfulce quoque fubjlantia, qua ienuior et abfque omni 
parenchymate ; Antherico filamentis nudis ; Jed praprimis habitu. — IJluc 
fubjicienda Anthericum Liliaftrum fupra N ura - 318 et Anthericum 
ramofum. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PHALANGIUM Liliago caule fimpliciflimo ; foliis gramineo- 

anguftis, fubulato-linearibus; racemo mul- 

tifloro rariufculo, fpicato ; corolla ftellato- 

patente, laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis. G. 
PHALANGIUM Liliago. Schreb. Spicil. 36. 
ANTHERICUM Liliago. Linn. Sp. PL 445. Suec. n. 290. 

J acq. Hort. 1. /. 82. Pollich. Pal. n. 335. 

Krock. Siles. 528. Fill. Dauph. 2. 267. 

Hort. Kew. 1. 449. Flor. Dan. t. 616. 

Hoffm. Germ. 121. G<ertn. Sem. et Fr. 55. 

/. 16. f. 1. Flor. Arragon. 44. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. 141. Desf. Flor. At l. 1. 304. 
PHALANGIUM, &c. Hall. Helv. n. 1207. 
ANTHERICUM caulibus non ramofis. Guett. Stamp. 1. 



PHALANGIUM parvo flore non ramofum. Saub. Pin. 29. 

Mor. Hiji. f. 4. /. U f> 10. Park. Parad. 

150. 3. /. 151. /• 2. Ger. Herb. 44. /. 2. 

J. Bauh. Hiji. 2. 635. cum Ic m 
LI LI AGO Cordi. Lob. Ic. p. 48. R. 
LILIAGO. Cordi Hiji. 2. c. 106. p. 190. b. 
(a) major. G. 
(j3) minor. G. 

The prefent plant, with the two others mentioned in our 
obfervation above, are too diftincl from thofe plants with which 
they have been ufually arranged, under the generic title of 
Anthericum, to be any longer permitted to remain in the 
fame feclion ; we have accordingly feparated them under the 
name already adopted by Jussieu, as well as fome of the 
older Botanifts. 

The reafons alleged by Jacquin for fuppofing Haller's 
plant to be a different fpecies from this, we think ill founded ; 
he appears to us to have miftaken differences of terms for dif- 
ferences of things ; " the petiolated petals" of Haller being 
no other than the claws or narrowed bafe of the fegments of 
the corolla ; nor are " the petals of two orders" of the fame 
any thing more than the inner and outer fegments of the 

A hardy common plant ; native of Algiers, Spain, France, 
Switzerland, Italy, and Denmark. The variety (a) is hand- 
fomer than the prefent. Differs from P. Ltliajirum by its 
ftellately patent corolla, and from ramofum by its fimple 

ftem. G. :■:.:.-- 


SylE&trls 2d labh T.Curtit &Gee:Crefcent MarlM 

C 9*5 ] 

Amaryllis Revoluta. Revolute 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide N um - 661. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS revoluta foliis anguftis, lorato-linearibus, cana- 
liculars ; umbella pluriflora; corolla anguftius 
infundibuliformi, extrorfum curvata ; laciniis 
longinque recurvato-patentibus ; tubo obfoleie 
angulato iftis 2-3-plo breviore germine 2-3- 
plo longiore ; ftigmate hiante. G. 

AMARYLLIS revoluta. Hort. Kew. 1. 4*9- L'Herit. Sert. 
Angl. 14. Mart. Mill. Ditt. 14. Mid. Sp. 
PI 2. 57 . 

This handfome plant is a native of the Cape of Good Hope ; 
and was originally introduced into the Kew-Gardens by 
Mr. Masson, in 1774; but the fpecimen, from which our 
drawing has been made, was imported by Mr. Hibbert, with 
Whom it flowered five or fix years ago ; the leaves were de- 
cayed when feen by our draughtfman, and we fear the bulb has 
fince fhared their fate, as we have fought for it in vain in the 
fame collection. 

Leaves narrow, quite linear ; ftalk purple-brown ; um- 
bel (in thofe plants which have bloomed in this country) four 
to fix flowered; corolla narrow-turbinate, recurvedly patent 
full as far as the middle, white fufFufed with different fliades 


of rofe-colour ; pedicles round, black-purple, bent outwards, 
feveral times longer than the elliptic green germen, which is 
unufually fmall in proportion to the corolla ; the f'egments are 
without the undulate edge that we fee in the vittata ; organs 
aflurgently decimate ; ftyle rofe-coloured. Swcet-fcented ; 
blooms in September; needs nothing more than prote&ion 
from froft, and, perhaps, will do at the foot of a fouthern wall, 
as well as mod of its Cape congeners. A very rare fpecies, 
and if Mr. Hibbert's plant is really loft, we fufpeft it is not 
now to be found in any European collection. We have reafon 
to think the bulb fumciently didinG from both Belladonna and 
vittata : but trufting to the feeing of it another year, we loft the 
opportunity of taking fo complete a defcription of the whole 
plant as we now with we had done. The leaves come very 
near to thofe of Amaryllis Belladonna, as the flowers do to 
thofe of Amaryllis vittata. G. 

S l ()id 

\iei huj WTi 

[ gis ] 

Uvularia Chinensis. Brown-Flowered 

•$-$-$-$• ^ JMHJHfr %-%- ♦# ♦♦♦♦♦ ** 

C/tf/> #k^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera, fexpartita, campanulata, laciniis reftis ; unguibus 
fovea neftarifera oblonga excavatis. Stam. (f<epius) brevif- 
fima. Stigmata 3, reflexa. Caff, trigona ; Jemina fubrotunda 
comprefla. Convallaria habitu, Fritillaria charac- 
tere confinis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

UVULARIA chinenfis (Jimpliciter atque fubcorymbofe ramofa) 
foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, racemis faf- 
ciculatim 2 — 4 floris, fingulis fafciculis folio con- 
formi bra&eatis; corolla cyathiformi-campanu- 
lata, angulofa, bafi calcarato-nodofa ; filamentis 
antheris aliquoties lpngioribus. G. 

This lingular as well as new fpecies is (as we learn from the 
Bankfian Herbarium) a native of China, and flowered two 
years ago in the Kew Gardens. Our drawing was made in 
September laft from a plant that bloomed in Mr. Hibbert's 
confervatory at Clapham. 

The following defcription is taken from a recently dried 
fpecimen, in which however the flowers were fo far deftroyed 
by prefTure that we could not make out either the form or even 
fcite of theneftary, nor difcover whether all or only the alter- 
nate fegments terminated in the fame kind of blunt fpur-like 

Stem herbaceous, about a foot and half high, angular, fub- 
geniculately flexuofe, diftantly leafy, branched upwards, 
branches fimple, corymbofely arranged, patent ; leaves ovate- 
lanceolate, acuminate, lhortly petioled, nerved ; thofe of the 


ftem broader, elliptic, diftant ; thofe of the branches nar- 
rower, farther acuminate, and more clofely fet together ; ra- 
cemes one to four-flowered, rameous, axillary to the leaves, 
pedicles fafciculate ; peduncle fhorter than the fafcicle, which 
laft has a leafy bra&e at their bafe of the fame form as the upper 
leaves, fo that where there is a raceme it appears as if there 
■were two oppofite leaves ; corollas cernuous, longer than 
pedicles, cupped-campanulate, brown without, knottedly an- 
gular at the bafe as if fhortly and bluntly fpurred ; ftamens equal 
to corolla and piftil ; filaments fubulate-linear, two to three 
times longer than the anthers ; germen turbinately triquetral, 
feveral times fhorter than the ftyle, ftigm-as patent, revolutely 
recurved. This fpecies differs from all its congeners yet 
known in the length of the filaments. G. 

^LEAmrAM. Tuh by T.Citrhr, JTG*,, 

pr 1.1 SO 6. TSa«6 

C 917 ] 

Hypoxis Serrata (0). Large-Flowered 
Serrate-Leaved Hypoxis. 

*4 $ »» ♦ •»■*♦ * » »♦ ♦ » » ♦ 

Cla/s and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide N um - 709. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS /errata. Vid./upra in N°- 709. > 

(j3) flore majore, miniato-aurantiaco ; brafteis atque foliorum 

ferratura fere obfoletis. G. 
HYPOXIS linearis. Bot. Rep. U 171. Jfe. parum bona. 

This very handfome variety was imported by Mr. Hibbert 
fome years ago, from the Cape of Good-Hope, and agrees in 
every refpea with the variety before defcnbed in this work 
except in fize, colour, and obfoletenefs of the braQes, and 
denticulated ferrature of the leaves. G. 

Amaryllis Revoluta. 

Since the publication of our account of this plant (N° 915) 
we are accidentally enabled to add the defcnption of the bulb, 
and correa that of the leaves there given.- The fpecific cha- 
raQer fhould be thus amended. 

AMARYLLIS revoluta foliis fcapum rubtcquanti busamWcntcr 
fafciculatis, recuntbenter erfufis, a pnncipio 
acuminato-attenuatis, canaliculate- depreffis. 
fubundaiis; fcapo eccentrico ; umbella pun- 
flora ; corollis anguQe et longe infundibuJi- 
formibus, curvato-nutantibus, lamimi rccurvo- 
patentibus, tubo 2-3-pIo longioribus ; fbgmate 
fubtrilobo hiante. G. 
AMARYLLIS variabilis. Jacq. Hert Scb**. v 4. icon 
cuius adhucdum decft dcfcnptio. Baulks 
■« Sketches," Fig. abfqu€ dato nomine, in 
Mu/ Banks. „ 

Bulb largifh, ovate-oblong, upwards lengthened, attenuated, 
fquarrofe, partly above ground. — Leaves many, fpringing from 
the crown of the bulb in a recumbently patent fafcicle, nar- 
row, long (one to two feet?), attenuated from their bafe, 
acuminate, cufpidate, deeply channelled, fubtriquctral ; central 
very narrow, more erect; fcape iffuing on the outfide of the 
fafcicle. We were miftaken in ftating the foliage to be like 
that of A. Belladonna, k comes nearer, in fact, to that of A. 
longifolia. Pedicles often fhorter than in our figure, and, as 
well as the fcape, not always coloured. Segments of the corolla 
lanceolate, tube obfoletely trigonal ; the reft as in the defcrip- 
tion and fpecific charaBer given in N° 915. 

Differs from longifolia, to which it comes the neareft, in the 
corolla being more narrowly funnel-form, in a proportionally 
fhorter tube, and in having the laminae further recurved. G. 


C 9^8 ] 

Ornithogalum Squilla (&). Common Red- 
Rooted Sea-Onion, oitOfficinal Squill. 

C/j/j flW Order. 
Hkxandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. infcra, hexapetaloideo-partita, radiato-pafla, femel (in 
nutante nempe) connivens, bafi ftaminigera, periiltcns. Fit. 
latitudine varia, nuda, divergentia, alterna communiter latiora. 
%/*/ fetiformis ftigmate inconfpicuo, vel brevis aut etiam 
fubnullus eodem capitato-triiobo. Semina fubglobofa, nunc 
angulatim vel feme! paleaceo-prefla. G. 

Obs. Bulbus tunicatus. Folia radical's a, feriatim de anguftis ei Vmeari- 
hratis laio-lanceolata, fucadenta, craffnijcula, tencriora. Flares nunquam 
ccerulefcentes neve putpuraf rentes, quo fob fufpicor ftgno Ornithogalum 
digmfcendum a S c 1 L L A . Scapus jlmplicifjunus, teres, multiftorus, fpicaUm 
vel corymboje aid etiam thyrfoideo-racemofus ; hraBea- mcmbranacea. Cap], 
membranacea, oblongo- vel ovato- trigona, femel molendmacea (tr, 
triloba) complanatis. Confer Obs. in Scillam, ad h,um. 746. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM Squilla bulbo maximo, globofo-ovato; 

imo rhizomate, umbonatim extante ; 

fummis tunicis fquarrofo-emicantibus ; 

inflorefcentia folia lanccolata canalicu- 

lata diu praeveniente ; brafteis cal- 

caratis ? raccmo cylindraceo, graci- 

liori, confertiufculo, fafiigianre ; 

mentis plano-fubulaths, corolla Cilia 

brevioribus. G. 
ORNITHOGALUM maritimum. Tourncf. Lift. 381. Bi 

Flor. Lufit. 1. 583. Lamarck Flor. 

Fran. 3. 276. 
SCILLA maritima. : Svft. Veg. 328. Mat. Med. 94. hort. hezv. 

1-443- IVilld.Sp.PL 2. 126. Desf. 

Ft. At I. 1. 297. lit. a Redout 'e, t. 116. 

Lam. & Decand. Flor. Fran. 3. 214. 

Link & Hoffm. de Sc 1 l l a. Ann. Dot. 

1.101. IVoodv.Mcd.Bol.zii t. 118. 

SQUILLA. Plant* officinales, Am<en. Acad. 4. 14. 


'SCILLA rufa magna vulgaris. J. Baub. Hift. 2. 615. Tc. 
SCILLA vulgaris radice rubra. Bauh. Pin. 73. 
(x) radice rubra. 
PANCRATIUM. Cluf. Hifp. 293. Htji.iji. cum herbs 

et bulbi icone abfque inflorefcentia. 
(p) radice alba. 
SCILLA hifpanica. Cluf. Hifp. 290, 291. Hifl. 171. cum 


This well known vegetable is a native of all the countries 
bordering on the Mediterranean, as alfo of Brittany and Nor- 
mandy -, it has been found growing in the very fand of the fea- 
fhore, and again, at the diftance of a hundred miles inland, 
for inftance, at the foot of the Eftrella mountains ; fo that, as 
Link obferves, riiaritimum is rather a fallacious appellation. 
By the Spaniards it is called Cebolla alharrana. The bulbs are 
annually imported by our druggifls, for whofe purpofes both 
varieties are ufed indifferently : they are efteemed powerfully 
diuretic, and adminiilered chiefly in dropfical and afihmatical 

Blooms in July and Auguft, the leaves appearing in Oftober 
and November. Miller fays the plant foon decays in our 
gardens, and attributes the decline to want of fea-water, which 
cannot, however, well be the caufe, as its natural fituation is 
often at a great diftance from the lea, as we ftated above ; with 
us it has been preferved for thefe three years in vigour, planted 
in a large garden pot and flickered during winter in a common 
garden frame ; nor do we yet difcover the leaf! fymptom of 
decay. The root is frequently as big as a child's head, and often, 
when frefli imported, throws out the flowering ftem while lying 
in the fhop windows; the fpike is fometimes a foot or more 
in length ; pedicles rather fhort, filaments nearly equal ; feed- 
velTcl alately three-lobed, a (hape that Gartner terms molcn- 
dinaceus ; feeds black, flat, chaff-like. 

While ScilLa and Ornitiiogalum continue to be kept 
apart by the prefent barrier, which we think the only one there 
is, we can have no doubt under which to range this fpecies. 
Brotero obferves, that when Lefling and, after him, 
Linnaus, flate Ornithogalum pyramid ' to be of Portu- 
guefe origin, they have molt probably miftaken marithnum for 
it, as pyramidak is certainly not a native of Portugal. G* 


; ' T.Curfo ,ft 

[ 9*9 ] 

Scilla Autumnahs (». Purple-Flowered 

Autumnal Souil. 

C/^y} *z«^ Order. 


Generic Characlcr. 

Cor. hexapetalo-partita Iaciniis radiato-paflTis, aut fexfida 
i dem campanulato-conniventibus, hinc, fammtis ma£ a»! 
minus corolla concretis, Hyacinthum contingent, S ipfi 
ufque ad bafin hbcris, Ornithocalo conflucm, cuius cod 

Svu&S^; 010 ™ 1 !!.^ hlC nU "^ am -alb'efcutir, 
per v anetatem. Confer qua dtxtmus fupra % ut et ad iV«. 74 6. G. 

«5>mjfc Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

SCILLA W /«mifo foliis pluribus, angufto-loratis, obtufc 
canaliculars ; racemo corymbofe fpkato ; pedicellis 
affiirgentibusj bracleis minutis, 'mode obfoletis • 
corolla nondum expanfa turbinata vertice fubirun- 
catim atque umbilicatim depreffa, apena toto radiato- 
patente ; germine tritorofo-globofo ftylo fetaceo 

o PTr . A 2-3-plo breviore. G. 

UiUd. 6p. PL 2. , 3 o. Eng. Bot. t. 7 8. Curt. Flor. 
Lond 301 Hon. Kew. t. 145. Link & Hoffm. de 
* cilia apud Ann. of Bot. 1. 106. Desf P. Atl x 
■ P r\ 301 ' Br °t* r °Ft°r. Luft. 1. 527. Lam & Decani 

SPTT T A FVan ' 3' 212 ' 

ULLA radice folida, foliis fctaccis, floribus faftigiatis pedun- 
culatis arcuatis ex ala tuberculi mamillaris. Guett 

HYACTNt-puttc ltellans autumnahs minor. Bauh.Pin.^. 
N] ,™ autumnahs major et minor (cum Icombus 

f)3) S F; n 01 " 1 . 1 ? 115 P ur Purafcentibus vel caerulefcentibus. 
/ 'nor ; floribus prardiais variantibus coloribus. 


We fufpeft our prefent variety to be of continental extrac- 
tion, although the fpecies is a native of our ifland ; growing in 
feveral of the weftern diftri&s, and has even been found in 
the neighbourhood of London. The (which are ge- 
nerally obfolete or fo inconfpicuous that they have been 
overlooked and ftated not to exift by molt authors) were very 
evident, though minute, in the prefent fpecimen, which 
flowered in Mr. Hibbert's garden at Clapharn ; Guettard, 
in his account of the plants growing about EJiampes > is the only 
author we remember who mentions their prefence ; he terms 
them tuber cult mamillares* Desfontaines found this fpecies. 
on the coaft of Africa with blue flowers; as did Link and 
Hoffmansegg in Portugal, where, as they ftate, its inflo- 
refcence precedes foliation ; a circumftance alfo obferved by 
Dr. Sims in this country, who fuppofes that when the leaves 
accompany the flowers, it is the lefs natural mode, occafioned 
by a particular wet feafon ; blooms from Auguft to September. 

The Portuguefe Profeffor of Botany, Brotero, obferves. 
that the variety which he found in the province of Eftrema- 
dura was twice the fize of that which grew in the province of 
Beira ; he does not notice the peculiarity in the flowering 
mentioned by Link and his fellow traveller. 

The leaves grow on through the winter, dying away in 
the fpring, after the manner of thofe of Ornithogali ■ ■•: 
S.quMrti G. 

'J V ,ka 

1 , hard'- .74 Pvh.hv T Curtis, S f l-nr Crrf/rnrApri.lSCb- TJ 

C 920 ] 

ICempferia Rotunda. Round-Rooted 

J?4. ife. jfe. «fc. J&. iii..*'.*. >'<. jft-itt- &. rft. 5 1 *. sfe.^'4. ^i.>'«. }*i ifx. 

*F *r v *r *F t *j^ *5»^^ *I» <!* 'i» 'i» f> "I* tt'p'I* *»* 

C/tf/} j»i/ Order. ■ 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. obfoletus. Cor. 6-partita : laciniis tribus majoribus pa- 
tulis, unica bipartita. Stigma, 2-lamellatum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

K^EMPFERIA rotunda; foliis lanceolatis petiolatis. Flor. 

Zeyl. 9. Mat. Med. p. 35. Sp. PL 3. Willi. 

15. Reich. 5. IVoodville Med. Bot. 361. /. 

*Z%' Roxb. Corom. PL 
KjEMPFERIA longa. Jacq. Bart. Schoenb. 317. Redoute 

Lit. 49. 
ZEDOARIA rotunda. Bank. Pin. 36. Rait FUJI. 1340. 

Blackzveily t. 399. 
MALANKUA. Rheed. Mai. 11. p. 17. /. 9. 

We have no doubt but that this plant is the K/empferia 
rotunda of, and as little that it is the fame as is 
figured by Jacquin in his magnificent work the Hortus 
Schoenbrunnenfis, andfinceby Redou te in his Liliacees under 
the name of K ,-em pferia longa. Upon what grounds J acq u i n 
considered it as a different fpecies we can form no conjeclure. 
the flowers appear early in the fpring, fomc time before 
e leaves, and have a very pleafing (cent, efpecially as they 
dry. Tliey grow immediately from the root, feveral in fuc* 
ceilion, but feldom more than one or two are open at the fame 
• ime. Xhe organs of fructification are very fimilar to thpfe 


of Amomum exfcapttm s as figured in the Annals of Botanv, 
voK i. pi. 13. 

The college of phyficians, both of London and Edinburgh, 
upon the authority of Linn/eus, have referred the Zedoary 
of the fhops to this plant ; but the form of the roots as they 
occur at our druggifts correfponds much better with thofe of 
Amomum Zeruvibct. But the roots of the larger Galangale, 
which Loureiro fuppofes to be fold indifcriminately for Ze- 
doary or Galangale, are, at leafl as they occur in our fhops, 
totally different. Dr. Roxburgh thinks that his Curcuma 
Zcdoaria yields the Zedoary ; and we have obferved, that the 
ufual fophiftication of this drug is by mixing Turmeric 
(Curcuma longa) with it. 

Being a native of the Eaft- Indies, it requires the warmth of 
a frove. Propagated by cuttings. 

From the Bankfian Herbarium we learn that it flowered at 
Spring-Grove in 1793, a year or two before which time, as 
we are informed by Mr. Dry and er, it was introduced to 
this country by Sir George Yonge, Bart. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant, at the Botanic Garden, 


JJElwJtH. Tub. h Ta 

C 921 ] 

Styrax L^vigatum. Smooth Storax. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 
Generic Charafter. 
Col. inferus. Cor. infundibuliformis. Drupa 2-fperma. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

STYRAX Uvigatum. foliis oblongis utrinque glabris, pedun- 
cuhs ax.llanbus unifloris folitariis binifve. Hort 

STYRA Y S W j V ' *' P r' 75 ' Wllld - S P- PL * 2. p. 624. 
STYRA? f ? drUnU LHeriL Stir P- *»- 2 - '• 17. 

fr' ^T* ^ 6 - * 340. U 188. /. 1. 
STYR a v M/rW ^- Bor.-Amer. 2. p. 41. ^ 

STYR a v T riCa \ m ' Lamarck Enc - I- />• 82. 
1 YRAX '***. #&//. Car. 140. 

-'^ n ^i^enus a ff ^ '^ n ° r ** mimber of ftam <^ 

Pair, frorn t^axih nVl ip f C ' eS §r °Y ] ^ cithcr ^^y or in 
b '^ches ^ ms 1 h th V CaVes T and at the extremity of the 
Carolina and T, ^t^ ,l is a lmive of the K* of 

10 bear the ?Z *? '" XT ° r ^ Ameri ^, and iufficiently hardy 

^er,, and b ;tedf prTuroH f"" 7 J^ P -P^ed by 
1765. X Qs procured from America. Introduced in 

r2ft2S3^ in r a rin , g 1 at the bafe > - ** 

^onadclphiT. aVC referred this S enus to the Clafi 

Dur drawing was taken at Mr. Lodoicks, Hackney. 

'/' byTCurh 

C 922 ] 

Eryngium Alpinum. Alpine Eryngo, 

4mn^» »»* MM Hfc '* * * * »» 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Flores capuati. Recept. paleaceum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ERYNGIUM alpinum: lotus radicalibus cordatis indivifis, 
caulinis digitato-laciniatis, capituhs fubcylindri- 
cis, involucre pinnatifido frondoio, palcis tri- 
fidi's. Horf.Kew.i.p-$*7' ■ . . . 

ERYNGIUM alpinum ; foliis radicalibus cordatis, caulin s 
ternatis incifis, involucns fpinofo-pinnaus ci- 
Hatis. Vahl. Symb. 2. p. 46- Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

ERYNGIUM %?n!m. Sp. PL 337- &*■ <%*J' »°°- 

LI AHion. Ped. n. 1284. 7- K MWf. /«* «• 
ERYNGIUM foliis radicalibus petiolatis cordatis, involucro 

pinnato ciliato. Hall. Helv.n. 736. 
ERYNGIUM aliud montanum. Dalccb. Htfi. 1460. £</. Ga//. 

ERYNGIUM ciruleum capitulis dipfaci. Bank Pin. j86. 
ERYNGIUM alpinum latis foliis, magno ca P lte ° bl °"^ 7 ^" 

ERYNGIUM caeruleum genevenfe. W. 7r. 2. />. 23. 
ERYNGIUM planum Matthioli. Dod ' l ^f'J^'/' ' 
Comer. Herb. Ed. Germ. 229. itf"™< 449- 

In one refpea, the above fynonymy is M^ .^ £ 
fallen to the lot of few plants, that have been fo M u «^ 
mentioned by botanical authors, to have undergone lo little 
change of name. 1 H s 

planttoGESNER, whole figure of it publifhed by Camerar,us 
hough never quoted, is the only one before thole of J AC qci* 

teriftl' rf a! fj "^ P ALECHA ^'*> which is at all charac- 

tenftic of the fpecies. Lobel's figure, fo often copied, was 
originally but a very indifferent one* and, as mutilated by our 
Morrison, in his too ufual manner, is no longer applicable 
to this plant or any other. *ff«wuic 

fnltf hardy P e /" nnial > a nariv « of the Alps in moil of the 
fouthern parts of Europe, is worthy of a place in every curious 

fall r « V A C u tS UnCOmmon form a "d beautiful colour cannot 

fa 1 to attraa the notice of every beholder. It does not owe 

ts charms to the fplendour of its blofloms, but to the floral 

for rhYf m l° ^ furroundin S the head of flowers, admired 
or their feather-like appearance and delicate blue colour; all 
the upper parts of the plant partake of the- fame tint, which 
becomes m defcending more and more dilute. 

I ropagated by feeds, or by cuttings of its root. Requires 
a dry fo,] or ]s t to peri(h from the humjd f J; 

ters^ Cultivated by P„ ILIP Miller in i 752 . * 

Our drawing was taken at the Boianic Garden, Brompton. 


ih hy T ' Curlur, J 1 6 Jprim^. FSam 

[ 9*3 ] 
Nepeta Longiflora. Long-Tubed 


C/<{/jt «//</ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Corolla labium inferius lacinula intermedia crenata : faux 
margine reflexo. Sta?nina approximata. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

NEPETA longiflora; cymis fubquinquefloris, corollae labio 
fuperiore bifido : tubo filiformi, foliis cordato-ovatis 
crenatis rugofis petiolatis. 

NEPETA longiflora ■ cymis remotis, pedunculatis unilaterali- 
bus, paucifloris ; foliis fubfeflilibus, cordato-ovatis, 
rugofis ; corollarum tubo longiffimo. Vent, llort. 
Celf. t. 66. 

NEPETA mildenozviana. Adams. 

CAT ARIA orientalis, folio fubrotundo, flore intenfe caeruleo. 
Tonrn. Cor. 13. 

Descr. SufFruticofe. Stem divided at the bafe : branches 
'ong, weak, generally undivided, fquare with obtufe angles. 
Leaves cordate, oblong-oval, or in young plants fuborbicular, 
crcnate, rugofe, hoarv underneath, lower ones on longifh pe- 
tioles, upper ones fubl'eflile. Braftes like the leaves, but fcflllc, 
and more deeply indented. Flowers verticillate, peduncles 
three to five-flowered : lower ones frequently folitary : upper 
ones oppofite, but for the mod part turned to one fide. 
( -alyx^ cylindrical, ftriate, hairy, teeth nearly equal, the two 
fuperior a little longer, minutely ciliated. Tube of corolla 
jonger ihan calyx, filiform, curved: faux compreficd, funnel- 
J" a Ped, fides reflected: upper lip divided almoft to the bafe, 
lobes dharicate : {«wer Up large, crenate, hollow, fpotted with 


white towards the faux. Stamens four : filaments twitted : 
anthers purple, two-lobed, approximate : pollen white. Style 
longer than corolla : fiigma bifid, acute. 

In young plants the leaves are rounder and lels hoary : in 
the native fpecimens indeed the whole plant is more hoary than 

when cultivated. r 

Raifed by Mr. Loodices from feeds fent from Caucalus 
under the name of Nepeta IVilldenowiana, by which title 
fpecimens were fent to Sir Joseph Banks from the lame 
country by Count Moussin Poushkin ; but Ventenats 
name having the right of priority, we have adopted it. 

The plants in the garden of M. Cels were ra.fed from 
feeds gathered on Mount Albours in Perfia, by Meffrs. Bru- 
guiere and Olivier. 

Flowered in the Royal Garden at Kew in 1803. 

Propagated by feeds and by cuttings. May be confiderea 
as hardy, but it is fafeft to give the proteBion of a irame 
during the winter. 

Flowers from May through the whole fummer. 




In which the Latm Names of 4 In which the Englifh Names of 

r f « ■ f°"? med in , the t the P,ants contained in the 
Twenty Third Volume are alpha- % Twenty-Third Volume are alpha- 

betically arranged. 

892 Althaea flexuofa. 
915 Amaryllis revoluta. 
905 Andromeda arborea. 
902 Antirrhinum Afarina. 
887 Atragene americana. 
884 After reflexus. 

912 Campanula Alliariaefolia. 
91 1 Cypripedium parviflorum. 
899 Convallaria racemofa. 
907 Coronilla coronata. 

896 Dolichos Lablab. 
888 Epidendrum flnenfe. 

913 Eucomis punctata. 
883 Euphorbia petiolaris. 

922 Eryngium alpinum. 

890 Goodenia grandiflora. 
910 Halefia tetraptera. 
894 Hemerocallis casrulea. 
882 Hibifcus paluftris. 

917 Hypoxis ferrata (#). 
' 920 Kxmpferia rotunda. 

893 Lilium Martagon. 
901 Lobelia Erinus. 
909 Medicago carftienfis. 
904 Melaftoma corymbofc. 
903 Nelumbium fpeciofum, 

923 Nepcta longiflora. 
889 Onofma taurica. 

918 Ornithogalum Squilla. 
898 Orontium japonicum. 
914 Phalangium Liliago (/3). 

891 Pimclea linifolia. 
881 Protea ftcllaris. 
897 Pyrola maculata. 
886 Scabiofa caucafea. 

919 Scilla autumnalis. 
908 Silene fimbriata. 
921 Styrax laevigatum. 
916 Uvularia chinenfis. 
885 Verbafcum phceniceum. 
895 Witfenia corymbofa. 
900 Yucca filamentefa. 
906 Ziziphora ferpyllacca. 

$ betically arranged. 



^ 900 Adam's Needle, thready, 

* 915 Amaryllis, revolute. 

9°5 Andromeda,Tree, or Sorrel-Tree. 

* 887 Atragene, American. 

* 903 Bean, facred of India. 

i> 912 Bell-Flower, large-leaved, 
f 908 Campion, fringed-flowered. 
X 9 2 3 Cat-Mint, long.tubed. 
$ 907 Coronilla, crown-flowered. 

♦ 894 Day- Lily, Chinefe. 

V 896 Dolichos, black-feeded. 
^ 888 Epidendrum, Chinefe. 

* 922 Eryngo, alpine. 

913 Eucomis, fpotted-leaved. 
^ 920 Galangale, round-rooted. 
.* 890 Goodenia, large-flowered. 
882 Hibifcus, marlh. 

♦ 892 Hollyhock, Seringapatam. 
J 917 Hypoxis, ferrate-leaved. 

* 911 Ladies- Slipper, yellow. 
2 8 93 Lil y» Turk's-cap. 

4. 901 Lobelia, afcending. 

<> 909 Medick, creeping-rooted. 

♦ 904 Melaiioma, corymbous. 
£ 885 Mullein, purple-flowered. 

918 Onion, common fca, or officinal 
*■ Squill. 

9 889 Onofma, golden- flowered. 
^ 898 Orontium, Japan. 

* 9'4 Phalangium, lefler grafs-leaved 
2 891 Pimelea, flax-leaved. 

f 881 Protea, ftarry. 

4. 886 Scabious, Caucafean. 

<> 902 Snap-Dragon, heart-leaved. 

* 910 Snow- Drop-Tree, four- winged. 

♦ oP SolomonVSeaJ, clufter-flovvered. 
^ 883 Spurge, long-ftalked. 

1 2o 9 o qui1 ' P^P^-flowered autumnal. 
V 884 Star- Wort, reflexed- leaved. 

a 921 Storax, fmooth. 

+ 916 Uvularia, brown-flowered. 

<> 897 Winter-Green, fpotted-leaved. 

f 895 Witfenia, corymbofe. 

i 906 Ziziphora, fweet-fcented. 

Printed by S. Coucbman, Throgmorton-Strcct, London. 


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplay.ed : 


The moll Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn-EUS ;: their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


Invitant croceis halantes floribus horti. 



Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars- Road ; 

^nd Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


[ 9 2 3* 3 
Amaryllis Ornata. (/3.) White Cape- 
Coast Lily. 

$ + $ -#- •$- $ fc# fr $• * $*►♦ fc+ * 

Cfo/jr #wi Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

Spatha i-bivalvis. Cor. fupera tubulofa infundibuliformis 
fexdivifa, vel hexapetalo-partita fubrotata ; bilabiatim irregu- 
laris, vel regular is ; laminae fubaequales fimiles recurvatae, vcl 
re&iores concavse incurvulae. Stam. imis laciniis infita aut per 
omnem tubum adnata, declinato-affurgentia fubfafciculata, 
raro ex ere&o-divergentibus furfum conflexuln. Stylus tenuis, 
elongatus. Stigm. i hians vel 3 recurva. Cap/, membranacea, 
ex oblonga atque trigona ad deprcflb-fphaericam et pulvinato- 
torofam. Sem. plura globofa vel varie preffa, faepius numerofa 
plana paleacea, modo folitaria carnofo-baccata, uno Unguium 
loculum vel omnem capfulam (cujus refpondet cavitatij oc- 
cupante. G, 


Bulbus funiculus pkxibas fericeo-filamentofis mcmbranaceis cbvoaitus. 
*olia crajftufcula ab angujlo-linearibus ad lato-lanceolata ; ab uno paucijve 
et bifariis ad plurima f par fa ambisnlia fafciculatim divergentia. Scopus 
fubteres, glaber, foliis intermedins vel lateralis, hflor. i-multiflora et 
umbellata. Hie fa pe accidit quod a rermine indice palyjpermi fruClus pro- 
veniat is iantum cum femine folitario y quando ex evuits unum (aforhvis 
reliquis, vel ifto for fan validiore precociufve feccundato illifisj in vvAem m- 
grandejeat cavitati capjula vel kadi ccqualem. Eft ifte mos pier ij que flan* 
odventitius, in mnnullis ufi/atior, in all is verifimi liter conjlans et naturauor. 
Germinant bee maffa carina, et fa-pi us virefcenles, mJoajolito baud attenof 
*if*m enim eft ejus in ornata folium prim.irium altius furgere lobo cum te/ta 
gravatum magnkud'w ovi colutnbini vel majere. 

Per prafentem fpeciem confiuit Gnus cum Crjno dtfcrtpmteimtaxai per 
corollam ob lamina's ad tubum rndiantes regu ariter byp9craUrij 

Amaryllis orientalis, raarginata, ftriata et ^Radula, tfunt alien 
dhifioni facile trincipium, pro qua titulus ad manum kabemus ob oncnta.em 
jampridem Heiflero in genus cum ucmine Brunsvigi* evocrjam, licet 
*HtS poflea fuerit minus reffe «/AmA*YH1DIM redatla ; qua drjcrepa, 
capfula turbinata, trialaiim triloba (mdendiuacea), fcancj^ngente, Juj- 
diaphana, fubfpkndente ; feminibus pauci; el fere acimjonmtcr prowls ; 
habitu pra-tena baud pa rum, per earn enim plttrm ulatur MASSO- 

ni am, a qua rurfus diftat germtnt infers, natu ra • '■' ni ' n im l m 

*** G ' Specific 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS omnia (fcapoextrafoliaceo) foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, undatis, linearis, minute ciliato-fcabri- 
dis, fafciculatim ambientibus, extimis recum- 
bentibus; floribus feffilibus; corolla fubhypo T 
crateriformi ; limbo campanulato-bilabiato j 
tubo longiore craffe pedunculoideo in laminas 
elliptico-lanceolatas abrupte ampliato; fruftu 
monofpermo et fubfolido-farfto. G. 

(a) laminis albis cum difco purpurafcente. G. 

AMARYLLIS ornata. Hort. Kezv. 1.418. Mart. Mill. Dm. 

mud. sp. pi. 2 . 55. 

AMARYLLIS zeylanica. Sp. PI. 421. L'Herit. Serl. Angl. 

13. Mart. Mill. Dicf. mild. Sp. PI. 2. 56. 

Roxburgh. PI. Coromand. tab. ined. optima. 
AMARYLLIS Broujfoneti. Li I. a Redout e, t. 62. 
AMARYLLIS yuccoides. Thompfons Bot. Difpl. No. 4. PL 12. 
AMARYLLIS fpeBabilis. Bot. Rep. tab. qqo. 
AMARYLLIS bulbifperma. Burm. Prod. 19. 
CRINUM zeylankum. Reich. 2. 24. Linn. Syjf. Veg. 263. 

id. a Murr. 318. Lour. Plor. Cochin, p. iotf. 

(*, P). 
LILIO-NARCISSUS africanus, &c. Ebret. Pul. 5. / 2. 

Treiv. Ehret. t. 13 
LILIO-NARCISSUS zeylanicus. Covin. Hort. Amfl. 1. 7 3 ? 
TPIT ,, , A 73. R«db.Elyf.2.i 9 uf.2. 
i ULIi A Javana. Rumph. Amboin. 5. p. 306. c. 8. f. 105, 


^KSS a!bis cxtus cum ^q 110 virore fii ff"fis. a 

rf^v IX jLIS ?*&'- Thomson's Bot. Difpl. No. 2. PI. 6. 
CRINUM gtganteum. Bot. fop, /. 169 

After a diluent refcarch (fully impreffed with a contrary 

'U»P icion arifing from their far diftant, yet in ht\ not unanala- 

jwe arc now fatished of the fpecific identity of the 

™™ *&'«*"* ;>f Ltnn^os and the African ornata of the 

w. Of Which the prefenrplant is an obvious variety. 

s molt probably took up, as well as named, his fpecies 

/ v I *J and aefenptions of Com mi lin and Rudbeck. 

have been introduced in 1740 by Lord PejRe, 

ant Ehh k r defigned his plate 5 but we more than 

■•fine's of his information, when he (rates it to be 

Q ^ a P e of Good Hope. Among the Gardeners H 


is known by the appellation of « the Cape-Coaft Lilv," and was 
certainly fent to us fome years back by Dr. Afzelius from 
Sierra Leone; from which colony it was alfo introduced into 
France by the Botanift whofe name it has received in one of the 
works above cited. Dr. Roxburgh found fpontaneous fpeci- 
mens on the Coromandcl-Coaft; Rumph mentions it as being an 
inhabitant of the gardens of Amboyna, where it had been re- 
- ceived from Batavia, and there known by the name of the 

Loureiro met with two varieties in China and Cochin- 
China, and fays, that he found the bulbs anfwer the fame 
medical purpoles as thofe of the Officinal Squill: from Com- 
me lin we learn, that in Holland it was fuppofed to be a native 
of Ceylon : f/3) was received by us alfo, through the means of 
Dr. Afzelius, from the colony of Sierra Leone; where it is 
faid to grow in the water (mod probably in fpots that are only 
periodically inundated) and to be with great difficulty obtained, 
owing to the jealoufy of the natives, by whom it is held in 
fuperltitious veneration, being ufed as an amulet or charm to 
prefcrve them in war, as well as almofl every other fpecies of 
danger. Both varieties agree in a decided prediction for 
low fandy fituations, as well as of water, and we accordingly 
perceive in our ftoves, that the fize and number of flowers 
depend much upon the greater or lefs proportion of the latter 
element that has been fupplied during the time of their vege- 
tation. 6 b 

In the adoption of the fpecific title of ornata in preference to 
the older one of zeylanica, we were influenced firft by its being 
now as univerfally eftablifhed as the other, and then by its 
being lefs liable to miflead. 

Bulb large (fomctimcs weighing between three and four 
pounds) oval-oblong, faftigiate and frequently partly above 
ground. Leaves from one to three feet in length, feveral, 
pranging in a fparfe fafcicle from the crown of the buib ; ob- 
long-lanceolate, channelied-depreffed, (cored, waved, edged 
with a filiform minutely and fcabroufly ciliate cartilaginous rim, 
traverfed longitudinally by a broad thick bluntly keeled midrib, 
narrowed, thickened, and convolute at their bafe, outermost 
recumbent, inner narrow, upright. Scape (fometimes two) 
piano-convex, ftraight, extrafoliaceous, one to three feet or 
more high. Spathe rather ffiorter than tube, bivalved. Umbel 
f ki t0 tn ' rteen -fl° u 'eied. Flowers large, fragrant, fefTile ; 
iubhypocrateriform ; limb fubringently campamilate ; claws 
concrete into a tube longer than this, being from four to 
"X inches or more in length, pedtmclelike, thick, fubcylin- 
«nca!ly trigonal, Ariel, fuetuiem, cuniculate, very (lightly 


curved, fwelling a little towards the germen ; mouth naked, 
abruptly (that is without the ufual gradually enlarged faux) 
expanding into elliptically-lanceolate broad lamina?, which are 
recurved ; inner rather the wideft. Stamens filiform, declined- 
atfurgent,' (horter than limb, decurfively adnate to the bore of 
the tube, from the mouth of which they iffue unattached ; an- 
thers linear-oblong, firR yellow, then brownilh, lanceolate, 
incumbent, balancing. Germen fefiile, oval-oblong, even, 
fmooth, green, confluent with the tube ; Style fomewhat fien- 
ds- er than the filaments ; Stigma fubtrilobately deprefled, hiant, 

Thefe plants are now common in our ftoves ; flower freely ; 
are eafily propagated and very ornamental. G. 


Pub by T Curtis. J» Geo CrefcentMayxSf f. 

C 924 J 

. Narcissus Moschatus (*). White 
Long-Flowered Daffodil. 

C/ t -//f <7;;<i Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Sp'atba follicularis latere dehifcens. Cor. fuperatubo in limbiirri 
externum rexpartitum calycinum et in interiorem fubintegrum 
corollaceum (coronam fi velis) abeunte, hinc infundibuliformis 
mde hypocrateriformis. St am. tubo varie adnata intra co- 
ronam qua breviora. Stigm. unum trilobum aut 3 brevia. 
Sem. plura globofa aut Varie prefTa. G.—Vid. Ob/. N um - 925. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS mqfehatus (Jlaminibus <equalibus a /undo iubi 
liberis porrecto-conniventibus) foliis loratis eon- 
cavis csefiis ; flore folitario fubcernuo ; tubo 
turbinato brevi longitudine pedunculi cum ger- 
minej laciniis lanceolato-oblongis obliquis; co- 
rona re&o-cylindrica, verticaliter fubplicato- 
rugofa, iifdem longiore, furium parum am- 
pliata. G. 

NARCISSUS mqfehatus. Sp. PL 415. Mart. Milt. Did; 
Willd. Sp. PL 2.37. Narcisse mufque\. Lam* 
Encyc. 4. 423. 

NARCISSUS cernuus. Roth. Cat. Bot. fafc. 1. § 43. Id. in 
Ann. Bot. 2. 25. 

PSEUDO-NARCISSUS albo flore. CluJ. Append, alt. auff. 
cum Ic. 

NARCISSUS fylveftris totus albicans minor, barrel. Ic. 
04^, 946. 

NARCISSUS H. exalbido calyce pnriongo fimbriate Rudb. 
Ely/. 2. 82. fig. 18. 

PSEUDO-NARCISSUS pyrenaeus variformis. Park. Parad. 
tot. f. a. 

PSEUDO-NARCISSUS pallidus prascox. Id. L c. p. 99. abf- 
que Ic, 


PSEUDO-NARCISSUS totus albus. Hort. Eyfi. Fern. Ord. 2. 

fol. 2. fig. 2' 

(a) coronae margine criipula erofo-dentata. G. 

@) PSEUDO-NARCISSUS tubo hexangulari. Park. Par. 

U 101. / 5. 
( y ) PSEUDO-NARCISSUS tubo quafi abfciffo. Id. I. 107. 

In fpecics evidently taken up from figures, often defective, 
in which diftinft ones have been confounded together as 
fynonymous to each other, then trufted to the mercy of a 
fhort phrafe by way of defcription, it is not a very eafy thing to 
fay for certain which were the precife plants intended by the 
author as his ftandards. Such feems to be the cafe in the pre- 
fent inftance ; for this is certainly one of the plants called in by 
Linn/eus to his mo) 'chat 'us ; but whether fome other of his 
fynonyms may not be the plant intended we are at a lofs to fay. 
Is this fpecies really diftinft: from bt color ? Are the fynonyms 
added as varieties really plants of the fame fpecies ? we have 
not yet met with more than this one of them in any of our col- 
lections. Mofchatus has efcaped the Horttts Kewenjis, nor have 
we ever feen a figure of it in any recent work. Differs from 
licolor in having a crown more truly cylindric, lefs cleft and 
not fo widely or far patent ; from both that and Pfeudo-Narcijfus, 
by its drooping flower, and from the latter by its longer crown 
and ftamens reaching only to about the middle of that ; from 
both again in colour and fcent. The pedicle is curved and en- 
veloped by the fpathe. We fuppofe it has received its name 
from fome of the varieties having been defcribed by the old 
Botanifts as pofTefling flowers ** cum mofcari odore." 

This has little fcent of any fort ; but what it has is 
pleafant, fomewhat like ginger, and not in the leaft refembling 
that of mu(k. Blooms early in April. Hardy. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic-Garden, Brompton. G. 

E R RA r A. 

No. 918, 1. 19, ante " complanatis" infere " lolis extetiuatm.' 
No. 919, 1. 18, pro " toto" lege ,c tota." 


ilWimi M Tub by. T.Curtis, J* Geo: ■ CrefcenlXaxWoS- T.Sanfrm xJf 

€ 925 ] 

Narcissus Tazetta. Polyanthus 


C/j/j a«d Onfcr. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

G«*»n<r Charatler.—Vtd. fapra N um - 924. 

Obs. Bulbus tunicatus tegm'inibus mcmbranacels. Folia plura, hi f aria, 
tineari-hrata, fubfucculenta, crajjiujcula, plana, jupra parum deprejfa Infra 
carinato-coflata, per exceptlonem canaliculato-femiteretia,juncea. Scapus nudus 
centralis, fapius compreffus vel anceps. Flares fiavejcentes aut albicantes 
vel ex utroque more bicolores. Stylus trlqueter, quafi tres conglutinati . Cap/, 
membranacea. Differt Panc RATIO Jlaminibus intra coronam (hie baud 
JlaminilegamJ dilapfis. G. 

Specific Char ad cr and Synonyms. 

N ARC I SSU S Tazetta (Jlaminibus in <equalibus, 3 indufis adnatis, 
3 Jubadnatis tubo emicantibus) foliis depreffb- 
planis, loratis, obtufe attenuatis ; fpatha multi- 
flora ; corona cupulata integriori laciniis 
ovato-lanceolatis explanatis triplo breviore; 
tubo trigono his fubefquali pedicellis ereftis 
breviore. G. 

NARCISSUS Tazetta. Sp. PL 416. Syft. Veg. Murr. 317. 
Hort. Kew. v. 1. />. 410. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 
39. <$ucr. Flor. Efpan. v. 5. p. 477. Haworth 
in Linn. Tranf. v. 5. 245. Desfont. Flor. Ail. 
1. 282. Brotero Flor. Lufit. 1. 551. LiL a 
Redouie t. 17. 

NARCISSUS afrjeanus aureus major. Park. Par. 81. /. 1. 
Floril. Ancl. 

NARCISSUS africanus luteus minor. Id. eod. 81-/2. 

NARCISSUS luteus polyanthos africanus. Bauh. Pin. 50. 

NARCISSUS latifolius flore prorfus flavo. ClnJ. Hijl. 156. 

Native of Spain, Portugal and moft probably of the coaft of 
Barbary ; now one of the commoneft ornaments of our gardens, 


having been cultivated here from the time of Parkinson 
and Gerard. The belt roots are annually imported by the 
Seedsmen from Holland, where two or three hundred va- 
rieties are enumerated ; but we fhall defer to a future number 
our obfervations on the fpecies, and on fuch plants as we 
confider really varieties of it or not. Thofe that wifh to be 
informed minutely of the mode of cultivating and raifing it 
from feed, have only to refer to Miller's Dictionary . 

Tazzetta means a fmall cup, and is the name given to thefe 
flowers in Italy from thefhape of their crown. Linn A us has- 
fpek it with one z inftead of two. 

The roots of this fpecies are fometimes the fize of both the 
fills put together. The Item and leaves fometimes two feet 
or more high. The fcent is pleafant, but very ftrong, even 
pungent. Blooms in the open ground about April. Forces 
well in water, land, or common loam. We have not added 
the fynonym from Thun berg's Flora Japonica, as we cannot 
always rely on his accuracy in this department. His may b& 
the fame plant as ours. G. 

C 9^6 ] 

P.eonia Tenuifolia. Fine-Leaved 

C/j/jt jk^ Otter. 


Generic Cbaratler. 

Cal 5-phyUus. Petala 5, regularia. Germna*—$. Stylio. 
Cap/, polyfpermae. 

Specific Charattcr and Synonyms. 

P^BONIA tenuifolia ; Foliis biternatis, foliolis multipartita 
nudis, laciniis lineari fubulatis-, capfulis tomen- 
tofis. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 1223. 

P/EONIA tenuifolia; foliolis linearibus multipartitis. linn, 
Sp. PI. 748. Syjl. 502. Reich. 2. 610. Del. 9. 
/. 5. G*»*/. Sib. 4. p. 185. /. 73. P*//. ## 2 ' 
/>. 95. /. 87. Zinn. Goett. 127. G<ert. Fruct. u 
309. t. 65. /* 1. M?r/. Mill. Dicl, n. 5. Hor/. 
Kew. 2. p. 241. Meerb. ic. 25. 

As mod Botanifts agree tbat the more ufual number 01 
germens in this genus is three, we have ventured to remove it 
from the fecond order, where it has hitherto been arranged, 
to the third, and this we have done for the fake of afibciatwg 
it with Dklphinium and Aconitum, to which it is nearly 
allied by nature. 

This very ornamental flower is perfectly hardy, thriving al- 
moft in any foil or fituation. Grows naturally in the Ukraine 
and about the precipices on the borders of the Tanais, the 
Volga, and the Terek. The flowers of the wild plant are far 
lefs fpecious than when cultivated. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic-Garden, Brompton. 
Flowers in May#md June. Is eafily propagated by parting 
its roots or by feeds. 

TCurhs, &6 

C 9*7 1 

Campanula Collina. Sage-Leaved 

4HMM)t 3M$ fr *-$•#• $ *# *# ^ $ * 

C/a/Jf <77/t/ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 
3-fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA collina; foliis ovato-lanceolatis crenulatis in 
petiolum decurrentibus ; panicula laxa fub- 
fecunda, corollis cyathiformibus ; laciniis 
revolutis pilofis, foliolis calycinis erectis gla- 
bris corollis multo brevioribus. 

Descr. Root perennial ? Stalk erect, angular, hairy at the 
lower part : branches few, ereft, generally three-flowered. 
Flowers looking one way, nodding, peduncled, fliewy, bright 
blue. Caiycine leaflets Ample, fmooth, diftant, not reflexed : 
the part adhering to the germen three-grooved, angles clothed 
with a few white hairs looking downwards. Tube of corolla 
cup-maped nearly hemifpherical : lacinia pointed, rolled back, 
hairy round the margin on the innerfide. Valves ovate, acute, 
conniving: filaments very fhort : Anthers long, linear, fpeedily 
waiting. Germen top-ftiaped : Style ereQ, lomewhat longer 
than tube : Stigma trifid, revolute. Capfide three-celled. 

Seeds of this new fpecies of Campanula were received from 
Caucafus by Mr. Lod dices, of Hackney, under the name 
which we have adopted ; we find fpecimens of the fame plant 
and under the fame name, but mixed with a different fpecies, 
in the colleQion lent from that country to Sir Joseph Banks, 
frotrrCount Moussin Poushkin. It flower, with us in July 
and Auguft. Is probably hardy enough to bear the cold of 
our winters, but will be more certainly prelerved, by being kept 
under a frame with other alpine plants. 



U U,, i u Tub h Tin rh r £G*:C n 

C 928 ] 

Vaccinium Buxifolium. Box-Leaved 


fr» »♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. l-petala. Stamina receptaculo inferta. Anther* apice 
pons 2. Bacca infera, 4-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VACCINIUM bitxiftlium $ floribus decandris fafciculatis ra- 
cemofifve axillaribus, pedunculis bra&eatis, 
ftigmatibus capitatis, foliis ovalibus crenulatis 
pianis impunclatis. 

VACCINIUM buxifolium ; foliis obovatis, dentatis, glabris, 
fubtus jequatis : fpicis e fuperioribus axillis, 
denfe multifloris : ftigmatibus hemiiphaericis. 
Salifi. in Parad. loud. 4. 

VACCINIUM brachycerum ; pumilum : foliis Buxi, obovali- 
bus, ranter manifefteque creuatis : fafcicuHl 
fub effilifloris: corolla brevi : filamentis glan- 
dulofis ; antheris breviffime corniculatis. 
Michaux Fior. Bor. Am. v. 1. p. 234. 

To this beautiful dwarf fpecies of Vaccinium we apply the 
name given it in the Paradifus Londinenfis, in preference to 
that of M ichabx, though the latter has the right of priority ; not 
merely becaule when accompanied with a good figure a name 
is likely to be more generally adopted; but alfo becaufe we 
are not without fome doubts of the identity of our plant and 
that ot Michaux. In habit it approaches to Vaccinium 
rttisld<ea> but the corolla is urceolate, with a minute five- 
cleit border, the anthers included, and have their opening not 
ai ! ie extremity but bn one fide ; ftigms capitate; leaves cre- 
nulated, not dotted underneath, nor with the edges rolled 


Our drawing of this very rare fhrub was taken at Mr. 
Woodford's, iare of Vc.uxhall, who purchafed it from the 
collefbon of the late Mr. Sykks, of Hackney. A native of 
North-America. Flowers in April or early in May. Requires 
the lame treatment as the hardy heaths, and may be propagated 
by layers. J l 


C 929 ] 

Symphytum Asperrimum. Prickly 

$ $ t ♦ $ M» $ * ft $ ♦< ■<■ ♦ ♦ ♦ » 

C/rt/j ^«t/ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Corolla limbus tubulato-ventricofus ; fauce claufa radiis 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

SYMPHYTUM qfperrimum ; caulibus aculeatisfoliisovalibus 
acutis pedunculatis : floralibus oppofitis, ra- 
cemis geminis. 

SYMPHYTUM qfperrimum. Donn. Hort. Cantab. 

SYMPHYTUM oriental?, folio fubrotundo afpero, flore cae- 
ruleo. Tournef. Cor. 7. 

This fpecies of Symphytum, a native of Caucafus, is by far 
the largell of the genus, growing to the height of five feet, 
and is really an ornamental, hardy perennial, which will thrive 
in any foil or iuuation. It differs from Symphytum orientale 
not only in ftature and in the greater roughnefs of the leaves, 
but in the Items being not merely bifpid, but covered with fmall 
curved prickles; the floral leaves are conflantly oppolite, 
which is feldom the cafe in orientale. The neBaries in both 
are flat, not fiftulous. 

According to Mr. Donn, it was introduced in j8ot, we 
believe, by Mr. Loddices, of Hackney. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden at Brompton, 
Where we have oblerved it fome years in the greateit vfgour. 

Propagated by parting its roots or by feeds. 

C 930 ] 

Limodorum Altum. Tall Limodorum, 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic CharacJer. 

Neclarium monophyllum, concavum, pedicellatum intra pe- 
talum infimum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LIMODORUM altum j floribus imberbibus, fpicis fubpanicu- 
latis. Hort. Kew. 3, p. 301. Mart. Mill. 
Dicl. n. 2. 

LIMODORUM altum. L'Herit. Sert. Ang. 28. 

HELLEBORINE americana, radice tuberofa, foliis longis 
anguftis, caule nudo, floribus ex rubro pal- 
lide purpurafcentibus. Mart. Cent. 50. /. 50. 
Mill. Ic. t. 145. 

LIMODORUM altum. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 816 ? Sp. PL Reich. 
4. p. 32 ? Swartz. ObJ. 323 f 

HELLEBORINE radice arundinacea, foliis ampliflimis ly- 
ratis. Plum. Ic. 1 89 ? 

SATYRIUM 10, foliis liratis longiffimis, fcapo florifero par- 
tial!, fubfquamofo. Brown Jam. p. 325 . ? 

It is not altogether certain that the plant, here figured, is the 
real Limodorum altum of Linn^us. The fpecimen in the 
Bankfian Herbarium, marked as correfponding with that in 
the Linnean, has a Ample, ered fcape, anfwenng very well to 
Plumier's figure above referred to: whereas the flowering 
ftem in this is, for the raoft part, branched a confiderable part 
of its length. As it is however undoubtedly the fpecies meant 
to be charaBerized in the Hortus Kewenfis and in Marty n s 
Miller's Didionary, in a cafe of uncertainty, we think it 
fcfeft to retain the name bv which it has long been known in 
our gardens ; expreffing our doubt of the fynonyms, which, 
i ° agreeing 

aoreeinCT better with the fpecimen in the Linnean Herbarium, 
may perhaps belong to another fpecies. This doubt attaches 
in fome degree to the defcription by Swartz, according to 
which the fcape is fimple, or only a little divided at the upper 
end. This author alio defcribes the neftarium, as being fur- 
rowed or grooved, whereas, in our plant, it is marked with 
about feven yellow, raifed ridges. The leaves vary fo much 
from linear-lanceolate, to broad-lanceolate, that nothing certain 
can be determined by them. In other refpecls Swartz's de- 
fcription accords with this fpecies. The fruit might perhaps 
decide the queftion, but unfortunately with us the flowers drop 
off without producing any : from the above-mentioned fpecimen 
it appears, that, as foon as the flower fades, the peduncle is 
refletted and the fruit becomes depending, which is well re- 
prefented in Plumier's drawing, though nearly omitted in 
the publifhed engraving. 

Miller evidently confounds the tulerofum with this fpecies, 
when he fays that he had received roots of it from Philadelphia 
and the Bahama Iflands ; and L'Heritier certainly mifap- 
plied the fynonyms of this author and of Martyn, above 
quoted, in which error he has been followed by Swartz ; but 
the bearded neftarium of tuberofmn will always diflinguifh it- 
indeed the very different form of its refupinate corolla and the 
greater length of the anther-bearing column (fee No. 116 of 
this work) may even lead to a doubt if it really belong to the 
fame genus as altum. 

The Limodorum altum fometimes varies with white, and 
pale rofe-coloured flowers ; as the latter variety generally 
grows to a larger fize, it has by fome been fufpected to be a 
diftinQ: fpecies, but for this we fee no good grounds. 

A native of Jamaica, but found only in the cooler parts of 
the mountains, in dry ftony and fandy fituations. It is not 
therefore very impatient of moderate cold, but frequently 
fufFers from the moid heated atmofphere of the bark ftove. 
Flowers in May, June, and July. Is eafily propagated by 
offsets from tuberous roots. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken was received 
from Mr, Loddiges of Hackney. 

'*■&->* U. Fai.iylOrA 

C 93* ] 
Phytolacca Decandra. Virginian Poke, 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Decagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Petala 5 calycina. Bacca fupera 10-IocuIaris, io- 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

PHYTOLACCA decandra; floribus decandris dccagynis. Sp. 

PL 631. /F/7/^. 2. p. 822. itoVj&. 2. p. 406. 

Blackw. Ed. Germ. t. 515. Mill. 111. Zorn. 

Ic. Mart. Mill. Diff. n. 3. Gron. Virg. 161. 

Desf. All. 369. Hall. Helv. n. 1007. Abbot. 

Georg. t. 97. Michaux Fl. Bor-Am. 1. p. 278. 
PHYTOLACCA vulgaris. £>///. Ellh. 318. /. 239. f. 309. 
SOLANUM magnum virginianum rubrum. Park. Theat. 347. 

8. / 3. Afor^ #£/?. 3. p. 522./. 13. r. 1. 

/• 1. 
SOLANUM racemofum americanum. Rati Hijf. 662. Pluk. 

Phyt. t. 225. /. 3. 

SOLANUM racemofum tinclorium americanum, foliis et fe- 
rn ini bus Amaranth i. Herm, Hort. Lug. 574. 
Wcinm. Phyt. t. 936. 

BLITUM americanum. Munting. Icon. 112. 

In large gardens, where the room it neceflarily takes up c?n 
be fpared, this, in fcveral refpecls, fingular plant may be al- 
lowed a place ; for, bearing flowers and fruit at the fame time, 
it is by no means void of beauty. Being of the natural order 
of Atriplices of Jussieu, the Holorace^ of Linnj-us, 
one is not furprifed to find that it is fometirnes eaten boiled as 
fpinach, at the fame time it may be obferved that it has rather 
a fufpicious afpecl, and we are told that in America the root 
is in common ufe as a domeftic purge, and that two fpoon- 
fuls of white wine, in which an ounce of the dried root has 


been infufed, will operate as a mild emetic, the more commend- 
able, as the wine is faid to be very little changed in tafte by it. 
Another fpecies of the fame genus, called Spanifh Calalpe, and 
cultivated in kitchen gardens in Jamaica, as a palatable, whole- 
fome green, h faid by Thunberg to be in Japan extremely 
poifonous, though, according to K^mpfer, cultivated there 
for the fake of its very nutritious root. 

It is remarkable for the different countries in which it is 
indigenous ; Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Barbary, Virginia, 
New-England, and Jamaica ; perhaps, however, it has been 
originally imported to Europe from America. 

The berries afford a beautiful colour, if it could be rendered 
durable. They are faid to have been at one time much ufed 
in Portugal, to give a deep colour to the Red Port ; but the 
tafte being complained of by the merchants, the government 
ordered the plant to be every where cut down before the 
berries were ripened. 

The number of flamens, of which we find twelve more ge- 
nerally than ten, will hardly fuffice to diftinguifh this fpecies: 
the number of ftyles is ftill more indefinite. 

A hardy perennial, but faid to be fometimes deftroyed by 
fevere froft. Propagated by parting its roots or by feeds. 
Flowers in July and through the latter part of the Summer and 
Autumn. Cultivated by Parkinson in 1640, by Ray, in his 
garden at Cambridge, and by Morison, the latter of whom 
has given a better figure of it than he frequently does. Our 
drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, at 


*>U T»b.hv ICurh. 

Time i iSc't 1 

C 93* 1 
Echinops Ritro. Small Globe-Thistle, 

f ♦ ♦ ♦ »<M^f »» * ' » »■ * » 4 

Oafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Segregata. 

Generic Character. 

Cal 76. i-florus. Coroll. tubulofae, hermaphrodite. Rccept. 
fetofum. Pappus obfoletus. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms. 

ECHINOPS Ritro ; capitulo globofo, foliis pinnatifidis fupra 
glabris. Syjl. Veg. jyj. Reich. 3. p. 946. Hort. 
Kew. 3. p. 281. Mar/. M/7/. £>/#. 7ro». /. 130. 

ECHINOPS Ritro. Sp. PL 1314. Hort. Up/. 248. P/V/ar* 
Dauph. 3. ^>. 265. 45V^. Gzr#. (Ech in op us) 

ECHINOPS foliis fupra glaberrimis, fubtus tomentofis caule 

multifloro corymbofo. Gouan llluftr. 74. 
ECHINOPS caule fubunifloro, foliis duplicato-pinnatifidis, 

foliolis latiufculis vicinis. Gmel. Sib. 2. p. 100. 
ECHINOPUS minor. Bauh. Hijl.%. />. 72. Tourn. Infi. 463. 
CARDUUS fphaerocephalus caeruleus minor. Bauh. Pin. 381. 

Prf r£. Pa *W. />. 33 2 . /. 33 1 . /. 5. Rait Hi/}. 3 83. 
RITRO floribus casruleis. Lob. Icon. 2. p. 8. 
CROCODYLIUM monfpelienfium. Dalecb. Hi/1. 1476. 

Two fpecies of this genus are frequently to be met with 
cultivated in our gardens, viz. Jpharocephalus and Ritro. Both 
remarkable for the exaa globular form of the flowering 

Our plant, though leaft common, is the moft ornamental, 
on account of its blue flowers, and better fitted for the flower- 
garden frem its more moderate fize. 


It deferves a place in every Botanift's garden on another 
account, as affording an obvious example of the order poly- 
gamiafegregata in the clais Jyngenefia t of which order very few- 
examples occur. 

A hardy perennial, eafily propagated by parting its roots, 
which creep under ground, or b ; feeds. 

A native of Siberia and Southern Europe. Cultivated by 
Parkinson in 1629, who gives rude figures both of this and 
fpharo-cephalus in his Garden of Pleafant Flowers. 

*Geo CrefcetU Jamil A 

C 933 ] 

Protea Mucronifolia. Dagger-Leaved 


Oafs and Order, 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaEIer. 

Cor. 4-fida five 4-petala. Anther* lineares, infertse petalis 
mfra apicem. Cal. proprius o. Nux. l-fperma, fupera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

PROTEA mucronifolia; foliis lineari-lanceolatis mucronatis 
epun£tatis planiufculis, brafteis involucri angufte 
cuneatis integerrimis. Saltjb. in Farad, Land. 
No. 2 4. 

In the delicate velvety white involucrum, with which the 
head of flowers is furrounded, together with the ftrong con- 
trail of the red anthers upon the feather-tipped fnowy petals, 
confifts the chief beauty of this fpecies : of which we do not 
find any account previous to that of Mr. Salisbury in the 
Paradifus Londinenfis. 

This author has very properly remarked the near affinity 
that exifts between this and Protea rqfacea y his acuifolia. 

Our drawing was made in O&ober laft from a fine plant in 
Mr. Hibbert's collection at Clapham. It is a native of the 
Cape of Good Hope ; requires the protection of a greenhoufe, 
and a treatment firailar to the reft of the genus. 


nJ /u :, 

C 934 ] 

Narcissus Calathinus (*). Great 

Yellow Jonquil. 

* *» » »*$ ft 3M» * »» Jr*»» 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 924 &c 925. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

-NARCISSUS calathinus (/lamina ifqualia, tubi medio tenus 
adnata) 1 — 4 flora; fcapo tercti, laevi; foliis 
canaliculato-femiteretibus, fenfim attenuates, 
craffis ; laciniis tubo turbinato-tereti longioribus ; 
corona cyathiformiJsEviori.fexlobo-fifFa.integra, 
his fub una tenia parte breviore ,- ftylo hanc 
fubaequante. G. 

NARCISSUS calathinus. Sp. PL 415. Syjl. Peg. 336. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 39. Brctero Flor. Lujit. l. 551- ? 

NARCISSUS odorus. Sp. PL 416. Reich. 2. 19. Hort. Kew. 
t. p. 410. Haw. in Linn. Trait f. 5. 244. Curt. 
Mag. fupra 78. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 38. rejeBis 
paffim fynonymis Am. Acad. 4. 311 et Gouan 
lilujir. 23. ad Narcissum incomparabilcm fpeo 

NARCISSUS Jonquilla (major). Qner Flor. Efpan. 5. 477. 

NARCISSUS juncifolius max. amplo calyce. Park. Par. 89. 
f. 5. luteus magno calyce. Id. I. c. 93.7. 4. 

NARCISSUS anguftifolius flavus magno calyce. Bauh. Pin. 

XT . 51. Rudb. Ely/. 2. 60./ 5. 

NARCISSUS IX. f. anguftifolius I. Cluf. tlifi. 1. 158. 

NARCISSUS juncifolius precox major. Hort. EyJL Fern. Ord. 

r \ 3- f ^ 7' /• 2 - 

W) NARCISSUS polyanthos flore minore ftcllato toto luteo. 

Rudb. L c. 6.f. 5. t a Linn, citatus. 

Whoever will be at the trouble of turning to the defcrip- 
tl on and fynonymy of Nar-cissus odorus mil taken up in 


Amanitatcs Academic*, will foon perceive that the prefent fpe- 
cies was not the one there intended, but that it was the Nar- 
cissus incomparabilis of this work, which is alfo the odorus of 
Gouan. Linnjeus, in the fecond edition of his Species 
Plant arum, while he cites the cdorus of Aman. Acad, evi- 
dently lofes fight of that plant, and changes his fpecific phrafe 
and defcription, as well as fynonymy, to fait the fpecies we 
have now before us ; not aware that it is diftincl from the 
one he is incorporating it with, nor that he has already taken 
the fame up under the name of calathinus in this very work, 
mod probably from figures only, as he defcribes the leaves 
flat. Reichard afterwards added the fynonyms of Gouan 
and Haller; the latter had himfelf cited calathinus to his 
plant, with a mark of doubt to the words M foliis planis." 

Since one of the three fpecific names fliould now merge, we 
have fuppreffed that of odorus, incomparabilis being better c(ta- 
biifhed for the one fpecies, and calathinus having been applied 
to this only, and being befides more -conformable to Linn/eus's 
rules for feleciing trivial names. 

In weak, young, or even many-flowered plants, the crown is 
proportionately Ihorter, and the lobes often gnawn or crenulate, 
both which characters are loft when the fame plants grow ftronger 
or blow with a fingle flower. Called calathinus by Linnaeus, 
from the crown refembling a chalice. 

A native of the South of Europe. Hardy. Sweet-fcented ; 
but not fo much fo as others of the genus. Varies with very 
double flowers, and is then called by fome Gardeners '* Queen 
Anne's Jonquil." Blooms in April, have never feen it with 
more than four flowers, and but rarely with fo many. G. 


No. 78. For " Narcissus Odorus" read " Narcissus Calathinus [&)" 
and refer to this Number. 

No. 121. Narcissus Incomparabilis.— Add the following Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS odorus. Am. Acad. 4. 311. Gouan III. 23. 

NARCISSUS Gmtani, Roth in Ann. of Bot. 2. 26. 

NARCISSUS Pfeudo-Karcijfia. y. Mart. Mill. Di3. 

NARCISSUS albic. cal. aureo, &c. Barrel. Ic. 927, 928. 

NARCISSUS incomparabilis fl. pi. partim flavo partim croceo. R. Par. 

NARCISSUS montanus albus apophyfibuspraditus. Pari. Par. 71./. 5- M.f" 

cissus mattenfe. Jd. 1. c. 71./. 2. N. montanus five nonpareil 

totus albus. Id. I.e. f. 6. ■ 



yllJvanitM fuh hy T. Curtis, xft&eo: Crefcent Jtmell 

C 935 ] 

Ornithogalum Unifolium. One-Leaved 
Star of Bethlehem. 

G7<z/j: and Order. 


Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 918. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM unifolium folio folitario fcapum exce- 
dente, altias vaginante, cufpide longa 
comprefib-tereti ftriata caudatim termi- 
nato ; floribus paucis fpicatim feflilibus ; 
bratleis membranaceis lato-naviculari- 
bus ; fijamentis sequalibus planis fub- 
ulato-linearibus ; germine fubitipitato 
obconico-trigono, angulis fulcatis. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM nanum. Brotero Flor. Lufit. 1. 529. 

SCILLA unifolia. Sp. PL 443. Link et Hoffm. de S cilia in 
Ann. BoL 1. 106. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 131. 

ORNITHOGALUM fpicatum unifolium et trifolium fJore 
niveo odorato. Grijl. Lufit. V. L.n. 1596. 

BULBUS popcpvxxog. ClnJ. App. Alt. cum Ic. 

BULBUS monophyllus. Bauh. Hifi. 2. 622. 

This lingular little vegetable grows in the greateft abundance 
on the barren hills and wilds of Portugal, whence it was re- 
ceived by Clusi us, who defcribed and caufed it to be en- 
graved in his great work ; but fince his time we do not know 
pf any book in which there is an original figure of it; nor is 
11 enumerated among the plants of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Our drawing was taken from a fpecimen that flowered in 
Marchlaft with Mr. Rudge author of Plant/E Guianenses, 
* work containing delineations of many rare or till now un- 
known vegetables, the plates of which are engraved from defigns 
executed by his lady with great fkill and accuracy. 


3ulb about the fize of a nutmeg, ovate. Leaf folitary, from 
eight inches to a foot in length, narrow-lorate, concave, ftriated 
without, far-fheathing, caudately terminated by a long com- 
preffedly round ftri£t cufpis, recurved. Scape fhorter than 
leaf, roundifh, thickened upwards ; flowers white, three to five, 
feflile, fpiked; braftes membranous, broad-cymbiform, pointed, 
reaching half-way up the flower or further, keel green ; corolla 
patent, fegments oblong, fomewhat tranfparently ftreaked, inner 
ones rather the broadeft and lefs expanded ; organs about one- 
third fhorter than the fegments which are nearly equal ; fila- 
ments flat, fubulate-linear, equal ; fly le fetaceous, longer than 
germen; ftigma fimple, pubefcent ; gcrmen fubllipitate, obovate- 
oblong, three-lobedly angular, angles furrowed. ByCi.usius 
and others it is defcribed as fweet-fcented, by Brotero as 
fcentlefs, and fo it feemed to us. Should be kept in a garden- 
frame during winter. 

The root was brought from Portugal by Sir Thomas 
Gage, who has kindly propofed to affift us in procuring the 
rarer plants of this order and the Enfatae indigenous of that 
country, all which are now nearly loft to our gardens. G. 


Ful try TCurtit.Jt&e.CnfanlJHni I wi 


C 936 ] 

### $##$ *##£# * # <HMir# 

C/tf/> rfff*/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita ; laciniaE deorfum turbinatim 
convergentes, intus fulco longitudinali nudo aut ciliato exa- 
ratas; laminae varie lanceolatae, campanulato-digeftae, de ere&is 
ufque revoluto-reflexas. Stylus in Stigma capitato-trigonnm 
clavato-finiens. Cap/, oblonga aut turbinato-trigona, cartila- 
ginea. Sem. numerofa, plana. G. 

Radix bulbus fquamofus. Caulisfoliofus, Jimplex. Folia modo tarn caulina 
quam radicalia modo caulina fola, bac fparfa confertiora aut •vtrticillata 
remottara. Inflor. tertninalis de uniflora ufque corymbofe tbyrfoidee vel um- 
bellatim racemojo-multifloram ; pedunculi longiores, nunc ramiformes ; braclea 
foliijormes ; flora majujculi Jpeciofi de ereclis ufque cernuos. Sem. in quoque 
loculo ordine gemino per Jlrata in columnas conge/la. Differt Fritillaria, 
cut proximum vicinum, bulbo verius fquamofo ; fummis foliis nequaquam ultra 
flores comojo- vel fubcomofo-profenjts, corolla laciniis baud baft exlus toro/is, 
turn neSiarii figura diverfa. G. 

Specific Chflratler and Synonyms. 

I'lLlXIMfuperlum bulbo candidiflimo; foliis omnibus caulinis, 
lineari-lanceolatis, trinerviis, nudis, glabris, inferio- 
ribus verticillatis atque internodiisduplo-longioribus, 
fuperioribus fubfparfis ; floribus umbellatine aut 
thyrfoideo-racemofis, pendulo-cernuis, laminis revo- 
luto-reflexis. G. 

LlLIUM fuperbum. Sp. PL 434. Hort. Kew. 1. 430. Lam. 
Encyc. 3. 536. n. 8. Thornton's llluftr. No. 2. IVilld. 
Sp. PL 2. 88. Redoute JJL t. 103. exclufo paflim 
iynonymo Mill. Dicl. n. 8 ad plantam europaeam 

MILIUM carolinianum. Michaux Flor. Bor-Amer. 1. 197. 

MILIUM foliis fparfis muhiflorum &c. &c. Trtw. Ebret. 2. 
/. 11. 

MILIUM five Martagon canadenfe Sec Catejb. carol. 2. 56. 
/. 56. 

MARTAGON canadenfe majus. Trew. Seligm. v. 1. t. 26. 


This fplendid native of North-America was introduced by 
Mr. Peter Collinson, from Pennfylvania, about the year 
1738. Michaux found it growing in moid graffy fpots in 
Carolina. Spontaneous fpecimens have feldom more than 
three flowers in a kind of umbel; but cultivated carefully, and 
kept" in a moift fhady border of bog-earth, it will rife to the 
height of five feet and produce a thyrfe of from twelve to fifteen 
flowers. Differs from L. Martagon in having a bulb as white 
as ivory, not of a reddifh -yellow ; in having narrower, linear- 
lanceolate, tender, not obovate-lanceolate fubcorrugately vein- 
ed harm leaves ; has alfo much fhorter internodes. The plant 
adduced by Linnaeus and all his fucceffors from Miller's 
work, by way of a fynonym to this, is quite a diftinft fpecies, 
moft probably the large yellow-fpotted many-flowered variety 
of the European L. Pomponiam ; of this any one that attends 
to its defcription may eafily convince himfelf. Blooms in July 
and Auguft ; fcentlefs; feeds freely and is eafily propagated 
by the numerous offsets it produces ; tolerably hardy ; at leaft 
we never loft any in the fevereft winters by cold merely ; the 
bulbs fometimes rot in very wet feafons. G. 


T/urhr,? '/',.• (',;■!, ,-nl Jit{\ I Id)'/ 1 F.S*n/m ""ty 

C 937 1 

Hyacinthus Orientalis. Garden 


Clqfs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaHer. 

Cor. infera, tubulofa, fexfida, laciniis patentibus. Stam.tubo 
inclufa; filamenta fere tota adnata. Stylus triqueter ; ftigma 
depreffum. Cap/, ovato-trigona. Sem. plura, fubrotunda. G. 

Obs. Radix bulbus tuntcatus tctfus indujiis fcariofo-membranaceis. 
roha radicalia, fubfucculenta, concava, varie lorata. Scapus teres, car- 
fjojus. In orientali efummo germine per trinos baud manifefios poros /res 
fnel/ea exfudantur guttula ; hinc optime dignofcenda eji /pedes. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

•HYACINTHUS orientalis racemo fparfim multifloro ; brac- 
teis minutis ; corolla deorfum cylindrlca 
bafi ventricofa, laciniis recurvo patentibus; 
fummo germine tribus cryftallinis gemmato 
guttulis. G. 

HYACINTHUS orientalis. Linn. Sp. PL 454. Clu/ Hi/. 1. 
1 74» 1 75' H° rt ' By/- V ern - ord - 2./0/. 4, 5, 
6, 7, 14, 15. Mill. Ic. t. 148. Difl. n. 6. 
mild. Sp. PL 2. 16 j. Des/. Flor. Atl. 1. 

HYACINTHUS corollis, &c. Gronov. Orient, n. 115. 44. 

^UMBUL Indi. Park. Par. t. 121. /. 2. Hyacinthus ori- 
entalis vulg. Id. I. c. /. 3, 5, 6. 

- --■ "nun Ullldllltlll yjl vju.1 guim-i" 

l » growing abundantly about Aleppo a 



cultivated here by Gerardf, in 1596. Such as with to be 
informed minutely of the hiftory of this old favourite of the 
Florift, have but to confult a treatife entitled " Des Jacin- 
thes," published by the late Marquis de St. Simon at Am- 
flerdam ; but perhaps Maddock's Florift's Directory, or 
Miller's Dictionary, may anfwer all ufeful purpofes as well. 
Amidft the rage for Tulips in Holland, this flower alfo came 
in for no fmatl fhare of eftimation, from one to two hundred 
pounds fterling having been given for a fingle root of fome 
certain favourite variety. 

Varies with double and femidouble, with white, red, blue, 
and yellow flowers ; in fcent without end. The Harlem 
Gardeners diftinguifh two thoufand varieties by name j and 
acres are employed in the environs of that city for the culti- 
vation of thefe flowers ; from thence we receive annually the 
beft bulbs. G. 

<4£d Tub fa TCwrlu, S*Gee:Cre(ee* 

C 938 3 

Crocus Sulphureus (a). Worst Yellow 
or Old Cloth of Gold Crocus. 

Oafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. — Fid. N cs - 845 & 860. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS fulphureus bulbo-tubere tunicis membranaceis 
brunneis tenuibus fibrofo-ftriatulis te&o ; corolla 
zequaliter patente; antberis parvis, fagittatis, pal- 
lidis ; ftigmatibus inaequalibus has longius fuper- 
antibus. G. 
(a.) corolla extus tribus lineis fufcis plumofis longitudinaliter 

pcrcurfa. G. 

CROCUS vermis flavus ftriatus. Park. Par. 163. f. to. 

CROCUS vermis latifolius flavo-vario flore. Rati Hi/?, p. 
1174. n. 8. defer, optima. 
($) corolla concolor ; fulphurea abfque omni ftria aut ma- 
cula. G. 

CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo flore minore et pallidiore. 
Bauh. Pin. 66. Tournef. Infi. 352. 
Narrow-leaved Spring Crocus with fmaller Brimftone- 

coloured flowers. Mill. D'ul. ed. 7. 

We believe this to be really a diflincl: fpecies ; at the fame 
time that we have no doubt that the flerility and fmallnefs 
°f the anthers is not natural, but a mere degeneration pro- 
duced by long culture in a climate differing from the native 
one. This appearance however they have retained at lead 
fince the time of Ray, as his excellent defcription plainly 
ftews. We cannot believe it to be a variety of mafiacus, from 
which it differs in the texture of the tunics and fize of the 
bulb-tubers, as alfo in fize and colour of corolla and pro- 

portionate elevation of the ftigmas ; nor otfufianus, which has 
a very diftinft bulb-tuber and the outer fegments of the co- 
rolla: revolutely patent. It appears to us to come neareft to 
biflorus, but has ftill very different kind of tunics to the bulb- 
tuber, which are much thinner ftriated and pliant, not even 
imbricated and fubputamineous as in that ; it differs alfo 
fomething in the organs, and entirely in colour. Varies with 
ftriped and plain flowers ; both varieties being true to their 
fpecific characteriflics. Never feeds, which Juftanus y bi- 
f orris and vcrnus do abundantly, but mafiacus more fparingly. 
Propagates mod profufely by offsets ; has no fcent j blooms 
one of the earlieft ; is the leaft ornamental of any. 

Both varieties were communicated by Mr. Williams, of 
Turnham-Green, than whom there is no more curious culti- 
vator of this genus, as well as of almoft the whole bulbous tribe 
of plants. G. 

Tub h It uri 

rnlJuly J.JXP iSanCt 

C 939 ] 


Hexanpria Monopynia. 
Generic Character. Vide N um - 919. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

SCILLA romana foliis fcapo longioribus attenuatis convoluto- 
concavis j racemo confertiore cylindrico-conico ; 
brafteis minimis, fubcalcaratis, craffis ; pedicellis 
corollae aequalibus; hacce cyatbiformi-campanulata 
ultra medium partita ; filamentis ufque bafin lacini- 
arum liberis, planis, corollae fubaequalibus. G. 

HYACINTHUS romanus. Linn. Syji. 335. Mant. 224. Hort. 
Kew. 1. p. 458. Mart. Mill. Ditt. Willd. Sp. PL 
2. 169. Desf. Fl. Atl. 1. 308. 

HYACINTHUS comofus albus belgicus. Bauh. 42. 

HYACINTHUS comofus albo flore. Cluf. Hi/. 1. 180. 

HYACINTHUS comofus byzantinus. Hort. Eyft. Vern. ord. 
i.fol. 11. f. 2. 

HYACINTHUS comofus albus cum caeruleis ftaminibus. 
Bauh. Hijl 2. 584. 

HYACINTHUS comofus. Park. Par. t. 117. /. 1. 

While we adhere to the three very artificial, yet convenient, 
fe&ions of Scilla, Hyacinthus, and Muscari, this mull 
be referred to the former, on account of the far-parted 
corolla and free flamens ; although from appearance we mould 
rather have ranked it under the latter. Linnxus tells us 
" grows in and about the city of Rome; Desfontaines 
*°und it on the coaft of Barbary ; Mr. Lambert has a fpeci- 
jnen brought from Tangiers. Said in Hortus Kewenfisio have 
been introduced by Mr. Gr.efer about 1786 ; it is however 
recorded both bv Parkinson and Gerarde. Hardy. 

Our drawing was mSde at Mr. Malcolm's Nurfery at 

Bulb ovate, about the fize of a hen's egg, covered with 
brown fcariolely membranous tunics. Leaves 4 — 5, far longer 
than fcape, from a broader bafe attenuated, convolute-concave, 
ilreaked, arrfbient. Scape round upright. Raceme clofifh, 
cylindro-conical. Pedicles about the length of the corolla. 
Braftes minute, glandularly thickened, fpurred, becoming 
gradually obfolete towards the top of the raceme. Corolla 
blue- white, fubcyathiformly campanulate, parted three-fourths 
of the length, corrugate outwards, patulous upwards, nodofely 
angular at the bafe, outer fegments thickened at the top and 
protuberant outwards. Filaments white, nearly equal to the 
corolla, linear, flat, contiguous, equal, adhering to corolla at 
bafe of the fegments; anthers fmall, blue, fagittate. Germen 
oval, obtufely alate, fubtrilobate, fix-itreaked ; flyle tri- 
gonally briftleform ; Stigma deprefled, fimple, blueifh ; Capfule 
trilobately alate, lobes attenuately compreffed nearly as in 
Muscari. Flowers without fcent. Blooms in May. Seeds 
freely. Rather a fcarce plant in our gardens, G. 


No. 934. ,p. alt. 1. 38. ante « R." adde «■ H.' 
No. 935. 1, 20. dele " Lujit" 

Ufa ' 

/ /„//,.:,-. .K^. 

C 940 1 

Narcissus Orientalis^). Narcissus 
of the Levant. 

C/tf/r aw/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char ail er.-r-Fid. N os - 924 & 925. 

Specific Charafier and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS orient alis (/lamina inaquaVia alterna Ireviora 
tubo inclufa adnata) 2-mu!tiflorus ; foliis latiori- 
bus, loratis, parum concavis ; fcapo fubtereti ; 
corollae laciniis deflexo-patentibus, eiliptico- 
lanceolatis; corona his triplo breviore, fubro- 
tato-cupellata, fubplicato-rugofa, trilobo-riffa, 
erofo-crenulataj tubo limbum fubaequante. C. 

NARCISSUS orientalis. Mant. 62. Hort. KeU>. 1. p. 409. 
Mart. Mill. Ditl. JVilld. dp. PL 2. 58. 

NARCISSUS Gron. orient, n. 99. p. 38. 

NARCISSUS Iatifolius byzantinus medio luteus II. Cluf.Hijl. 
1 154. 

NARCISSUS narbonenfis major amplo (lore — medio croceo 
polyanthos — narbonenfis medio luteo ferotinus 
major. Park. Par. 82. 

NARCISSUS polyantbos orientalis calyce medio luteo odo- 
ratus maximus. Hort. Eyjl. Vern. ord. 3. JoL 

NARCISSUS orientalis medio croceo major— conftantino- 
politanus minor calyce fimbriato medio croceo. 
Rod. I. c.fol. \2. f. 2, 3. 
BASELMAN major. Trew. Seligm. 1. /. 23. 

(«) 2 — 4 florus ; corona crocea ; laciniis albidis. G. 
(&) 2 — 4 florus; laciniis pallide luteis; corona lutea pro- 
fundus trilobatim fifla. G. 

(y) 6— muUiflorus j laciniis niveis, corona fulphurea aut ci- 
tr ina, G, 


We have omitted all the figures from Rudbeck cited by 
Linnaeus for fynonyms, as they appear to us to belong ex- 
clusively to bifiorus, from which our plant may be diftinguifhed 
by its proportionately longer and trilobately cleft crown, as 
well as by not having the edges of the outer leaves turned up. 
Are they however really diftinB: fpecies ? (y) is the variety of 
Hort. Kew. Differs from Tazetta, to which it is alfo but too 
clofely akin, by a crown more manifeftly trilobate, more cre- 
nulate and patent. All the varieties of our prefent fpecies are 
very fragrant and bloom earlier than either poeticus or bifiorus^ 
but later than Tazetta. In the enfuing fafciculus we mean 
to give ((3) and (<y). The beft bulbs of this fpecies are im- 
ported from Holland. Hardy. 

According to the appellation bellowed on it by the older 
Botanifts, a native of the Levant ; probably fome of the va- 
rieties are alfo found in Spain and the South of France. Not 
figured as a Linnean fpecies in any work known to us. G. 

C 941 ] 

Claytonia Virginica. Virginian 


$ $ $$ fc &%■ ## jMs-*4# * * *■ * * 

Cfc/5 and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. bivalvis. Cor. 5-petala. Stigma 3-fidum. Cap/. 3-valvis, 
l-locularis, 3-fperma. 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 
CLAYTONIA virginica; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, petalis in- 

tegris. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 284. Willd. Sp. PI* 

1. p. 1185. Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 1. 
CLAYTONIA virginica. Sp. PI. 294. Reich. 1. p. 572. 

Decand. 131. Miihaitx Ffor. Bor. 

Am. 1. p. 160. 
ORNITHOGALO affinis -virginiana, flore purpureo penta- 

petaloide. Pluk. Aim. 272. /. 102./. 3. Rudb. 

Elyf. 2. p. 139./. 6. 

The variety with broader lanceolate leaves mentioned in 
Hortus Kewenfis, is probably the caroliniana of Michaux. 
It occurs alfo with flowers of a deeper role colour: in our 
plant the petals are white (freaked with red veins. Jussieu 
has placed Claytonia in his natural order of Portulacea to- 
gether with Monti a, to which it has certainly a very near 
affinity. If Clayton's obfervation be correct, that the feed 
is monocotyledonous, perhaps it mould be brought nearer to 
the afphodeli, to which family it approaches in general habit, 
in having a tuberous root, a fcape in part embraced by the 
leaves, which are not always exactly oppofite, a two-valved 
perfiftent calyx in fome refpe&s refembling a fpathe, a corolla 
decaying before it falls off, a trifid ftigma, and a three-valved 
capfule. This is however one-celled, and contains three kid- 
ney -fli aped feeds, or rather lentiform, with a notch at the part 
from whence the umbilical cord iffues, by means of which it is 
connected with the bottom of the capfule. The embryo of the 
Iced is rolled round a farinaceous perifperm. 

A native of moift woods in Virginia and New-England. Com- 
municated by Mr. Williams of Turnham-Green, and Mr. 
Samu el Curtis of Walworth. A hardy perennial. !• lowers 
in May. Propagated by feeds or by the tuberous roots. R e ~ 
quires a moift foil in a fiiady fituation. 

Introduced by Mr. J. Clayton before 1759- 



U Tui.hTOtriu.^Oec Cn/knl S 

[ 942 ] 

Primula Integrifolia. Entire-Leaved 

C/fl/Jr aW Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 
hivolucr. umbellulae. Corolla tubus cylindricus : ore patulo. 
Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
PRIMULA integrifolia; foliis integerrimis ellipticis, ad oras 
fubcrenato-cartilagineis, umbellaerecta, calycibus 
longe tubulofis obtuhfiimis. Jacq. Mi/c. 1. p. 160. 
Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 805. Mart. Mill, Ditt. a. 16. 
PRIMULA integrifolia. Sp. PL 205. Jacq. Find. 209. Obf. 
1. />. 26. /. 15. F/. ^0/?. /. 327. <SVo/>. Gdr». 0. 
208. Allion. Ped. 1. p. 93 f 
PRIMULA foliis ellipticis carnofis integerrimis. Hall. Helv.t 

n. 615. 
PRIMULA /'«q/d. Lamarck FL Franc. 2. p. 250? 
SANICULA alpina rubefcens folio non ferrato. 2fo«£. /*/*• 

243- . _ . 

AURICULA urfi carnei colons foliis minime ferratis. Bam. 

HijL 3. p. 868. 

AURICULA urfiquarta. d*/. Hift. t . 3O4. Ejufd.Pann.zi9' 

Descr. 7?oc/ perennial. Leaves growing thick together, 
oblong-elliptic, dilated at the bafc, flcfhy, rigid, quite entire, 
with a very narrow white cartilaginous margin, mining on the 
upper furface, whitifh on the under. ' Scape fhorter than the 
leaves, bearing about three purple flowers with a white centre 
in an umbel. Braftes one to each flower, linear and longer 
than the pedicle. Calyx cylindrical, longer than the pedicle, 
coloured at the upper part, five-toothed ; teeth erefr, obtufe, 
frequently emarginate. Corolla funnel-fhaped : tube longer 
than the calyx, fwollen in the middle and expanded upwards : 
limb patent, five-cleft : lacinise obcordate, veined. Filaments 
red, fhort, inferted into the tube: anthers erect-incumbent: 
.pollen deep yellow. Ovary globofe, ftyle half the length or 
the tube of the corolla ; ftigma capitate. 

We doubt whether the fynonyms from Haller, Lamarck, 
and Allion 1, belong to our plant, which was raifed by Mr* 
Loddices from feeds fent him from Auftria feveral years ago, 
and is certainly the one defcribed by Jacquin and long before 
by Clusius. A hardy perennial, increafing rapidly by offsets 
from the roots, but very rarely flowering with us. 


FSo*J™ nutf. 

[ 943 3 

Convolvulus Bryoni^-Folius. Bryony- 

Leaved Bindweed. 

•$•*-$•$»$• fc JNH«-*~*HNt *H* + * * *■ 

C/fl/i a»^ Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigvt. 2. Gz^/. 2-locularis: lo- 
culis difpermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
CONVOLVULUS bryoni<e-folius ; foliis feptemlobo-palmatis 
hifpidis : lobo medio finuato produ&o, 
pedunculis axillaribus folitariis longiffimis 

Descr. Stem twining, herbaceous, hifpid. Leaves hifpid 
on both fides, varying in fhape, upper ones generally divided 
into feven unequal lobes, of which the middle one is much the 
largeft, finuated, -and pointed: lower leaves near the foot more 
entire, oblong-cordate, irregularly finuated. Petioles nearly 
the length of the leaf, channelled on the upper fide. Peduncles 
growing fingly from the axils of the leaves, often twice the 
length of both leaf and petiole, jointed and frequently branch- 
ing at the joints, bearing from one to three flowers; at the 
upper part of the plant the peduncles are generally fliorter 
and only one-flowered. Bracles two, fmall, fubulate, oppo- 
fite at each joint. Calyx 5-leaved ; leaflets ovate, margined, 
prefied dole together. Corolla fhewy, large, reddifh purple, 
ftriped : margin nearly entire with five fmall teeth. Filaments 
fubulate, half the length of the corolla, inferted at the bafe of 
the corolla. Anthers fomewhat arrow-fhaped. Germen fupe- 
rior, ovate, fmooth, two-celled. Style ereft, equal to the 
filament*. Stigmas two. 

It is too nearly allied to Convolvulus alth<eoides (No. 359; 
but is a much more robult plant ; has no filkinefs or filvery 
whitnefs in the leaves; the tlowers are larger and deeper 

Introduced by Isaac Swainson, Efq. who raifed it from 
feeds received from China in 1802 ; the young plants were 
preferved in the Hove through the firft winter, and planted in 
the open border in the fpring. Mr. Swain son confiders it as 
a hardy perennial, thriving belt in a fouth border. Flowers from 
June to Auguft, and perfects its feeds in the autumn. Our 
drawing was made at the Botanic Garden in Brompton. 

[ 944 ] 


Leaved Dillwynia. 
♦*•*» * » ♦ ♦ t < **^<MH|Hfr 

Clafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character* 

Cal. fimplex 5-fidus, 2-labiatus. Cor. papilionacea. Stylus 

reflexus. Stigma obtufum, pubefcens. Leg. ventricofum, i- 

locularc, 2-fpermum. Smith. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
DILLWYNIA gl uberrima ; foliis lasvibus, floribus terrainalibus 
fubcapitatis. Smith in Ann. of Bot. v. l. p. 51O. 

D scr. Stem fhrubby, erect, branched, hairy, rough, and 
as it were fluted with the permanent woody part of the old 
petioles. Leaves fimple, linear, rigid, fmooth, terminated in 
an oblique fubpungent mucro, thick-fet, patent, on fhort ad- 
prelled petioles inferted by a joint into a permanent woody 
theca, extending a little down the {tern. Inflorefcence a terminal 
capitulum of about fix flowers on very fhort peduncles with one 
minute bra&e. Calyx fomewhat coloured, perhftent, nearly 
bell-ihaped, five-cleft : fegments nearly equal, fubbilabiately 
arranged, the two upper ones being fomewhat largelt and 
nearer together, the three lower more diltant. Corolla papi- 
lionaceous, bright yellow with a red ftariy fpot in the centre : 
vexillum two lobed, with a claw narrow, channelled, and con- 
traRcd at the upper part. AU ftraight, half the length of the 
vexillum, and twice as long as the carina which is very final!, 
adhering at the point, where it is of a red colour, difVinft to- 
wards the claws. Stamens ten : filaments conneBed at the bale, 
but for the moft part free : anthers yellow, fimple. Ovary ob- 
long, villous: ftyie bent back : ftigma truncated, appearing to 
us moiftened with a fine dew, but not villous. 

This genus, of which two other fpecies have been figured 
in the Exotic Botany, was named by Dr. Smith in honour of 
Mr. Lewis Westom Dillwyn, author of a very accurate 
work on Englifh Conferva:. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by Mr. 
Loddiges of Hackney. Is a native of New-Holland. Re- 
quires to be prote6kd from froft b v a greenhoufc and a treat- 
ment fimilar to that fuitable to Pultencea, Platylobium, &c. 

Propagated by feeds, which we have not as vet feen pro- 
duced with us, 



^.UrJtl fuh h Ta 

\ \ ml 

<JyUj» a *lr ZJ p u h h 

^ni- - IJmJl* 

C 945 ] 

Narcissus Trilobus. Narrow-Leaved 

C/^/jr #«^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — F/i. iV 5 "- 924 & 925. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS trilobus (fiamina alterna longiora de tuli ore emi- 
cantia) fubtriflorus ; foliis anguftioribus cana- 
liculato-femiteretibus ; fcapo tereti ; corolla 
geniculato-nutante ; laciniis ftellatis tubo fub- 
aequalibus ; corona grandiufcula fubcylindrico- 
cupulata, levius trifida, integriore, his fubdupio 
breviore ; ftylo ultra hanc exferto. G. 

NARCISSUS trilobus. Sp. PL 415. Sv/t. Veg. Murr. 317. 
Willd. Sp. PI 2. 38. Mart. Mill. Ditl. 

NARCISSUS nutans. Haworth Mifc. Nat. 179. 

NARCISSUS juncifolius latiore calyce. Hort. Eyfi. Vcm. 
Ord. 3. fol. 14. /. 2. 

NARCISSUS anguftifolius pallidus calyce flavo. Bauh. Pin. 
51. Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 61. f. 3. 

For the fpecimen from which our drawing was made we 
hav e to thank Mr. Haworth, who lent it as under the 
Dame of Narcissus nutans. We do not know of any publi- 
cation in which this has been figured as a Linnean fpecics ; 
n °r is it enumerated amoni? thole of Hort its Kewrnji!. Naid 
10 be a native of the South of Europe. The hngie fpecimen, 
°f which a figure is here publilbed, is the only one vc have 
ey er feen. It feems to be intermediate between jonqm a and 
triandrus, having the crown longer than the firfl. and fl.orrer 
tha n the other. The germen is oblong oval, trigonal, and 


large. Blooms in May. 'Trilobus is rather an unlucky name 
for it, as others of the genus arc more confpicuoufly trilo- 

Since publifhing the Narcissus mofchatus (No. 924) we 
have feen the above-quoted work of Mr. Haworth, and find 
that his Narcissus toriuofus may be added as a fynonym to 
that Linnean fpecies ; the flower of which, in an earlier fiage, 
is far more cernuous than in our drawing of it. G, 

C 946 ] • 

Narcissus Orientalis (y). Many-Flowered 
Narcissus of the Levant. 

$ $»»»♦» »»»$♦$♦ »♦♦♦» 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid, N as - 924 Sc 925. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

NARCISSUS orientalis (Fid. N"" 940). 

(y) 6-mukiflorus ; laciniis niveis corona fulphurea. G. 

NARCISSUS Tazeia (bicolor). JUL a Redoute, p. 17. abf- 

que ic. 
NARCISSUS medio luteus copiofo flore odore gravi. Rudb. 

El yf- 2. p. 57./. 11. 

This and our papyraceus were, we have no doubt, included 
by in his Tazeta, but to us they appear fufficiently 
diihnd, and this an undoubted variety of orientalis ; in fome 
of the Dutch catalogues it is known by the name of the Grande 
rrimo Qtroniere, G. 


! >bvT.(Hrtir.Sfa;\( 

'£&**& £7 Tubby T£krlu J*Get>Crefeenk Aiui 1 1X& FJa^-m «*Jf 

C 547 ] 

Narcissus Papyraceus^). Italian or 
Paper-White Narcissus. 

C/i7/> rt»i Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 924 & 925. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS papyraceus (ft amino, adnata tria hrcviora intra 
titbum inclufa) multiflorus ; foliis lorato-concavis ; 
fcapo ancipiti, fubplano compreffo, ftriato ; Ia- 
ciniis ftellatis tubo fubaequalibus ; corona cu- 
pulata, his 3~4plo breviore, crenulato-erofa ; 
flylo intra coronam. G. 

NARCISSUS Tazeta (albus). Redout* Ul. p. 17. ahfque ic. 

NARCISSUS Tazeta. Linn. Sp. PL 416. Hart. Kew. 1. p. 
410. WiUd. Sp. PI 2. 39. 

NARCISSUS pifanus vel totus albus. Park. Parad. 81./. 4. 

NARCISSUS latifolius flore prorfus albo. plorih Aucl. 

NARCISSUS latifolius fimplici flore prorfus albo. 1,2. Cl/tf. 
Hifi. 1. 155. 
(«) multiflorus; corolla tota alba; flylo parum ultra tubum 

Porreao; foliis glaucis. G. 
{$) 4 — 6-florus ; laciniis ochroleucis, corona pallida fiil- 

phurea ; flylo coronam fubaequante j foliis baud ita glaucis. G. 
Roman Narcissus. 

Very probably tbis, or the variety y of Narcissus orientate, 
may have been the plant defigned by Linn^us for the type 
of his Tazeta, as likely indeed as the one we have given under 
tbat title ; but, as he has evidently combined more than one 
'P e cies in his fynonymy, we have thought it moft ufeful to 
a Pply his name to the one which had been already figured 


under it in Redoute's work, and to adopt another for this 
plant, which we think diftinfct. Our fpecies is pofiibly the 
crenufatus of Mr. Hn worth, but his character is too fhort 
and indefinite to enable us to determine this fact, with cer- 

Differs from Tazeta in having a fhallower crown, with an 
erofely crenulate margin, a very much flattened ancipital fcape, 
a (mailer bulb, and an entirely white or a cream-coloured 

The bulbs of this plant are ufually imported by the owners 
of Italian waiehoufes immediately from Italy. Very orna- 
mental and fragrant, efpecially ((3) called in the mops the 
Roman Narcissus, which is often imported in a double 
ftate. G. 

[ 948 ] 

Narcissus Orientalis (/3). Cream-Coloured 
Narcissus of the Levant. 

JHHfHfHf* $ %■ $■ #■ $• %■ %■%■ ijHfc $*$ $ $ 

CAt/> j;zi Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide N os - 924 Sz 925. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NARCISSUS orientalis. Fid. N™- 940. 

(|3) 2 — 4-florus ; laciniis pallide Iuteis ; corona lutea pro- 
fundius trilobatim fifla. G. 

In plants that have been long cultivated in gardens, it will 
often be a queftion not readily decided, whether certain indi- 
viduals are mere varieties, arifing from the adventitious cir- 
cumftances of culture, or originally diftinft (pedes, or hybrids 
deriving their origin from intermixture. It may throw fome 
light upon thefe queftions to obferve, 

1- That whilft the induftry of Florifb, by means of long 
culture in appropriate foil and under nice management, (in 
fome cafes offering a too profufe nutriment, in others fub- 
traciing the due proportion), can produce an almoft endlefs 
variety of appearances in the individuals of the fame fpecies, 
efpecially in Mature, colour, and multiplication of parts, yet 
amidft this numerous hoft, the fcrutinifing eye of the Botanift 
will find little or no change made in the eftential characters ; 
thefe moftly remain the fame in all. For although, by a multi- 
plication of the petals or other parts, the fmaller and more 
efien.ial organs are fuffocated ; yet thefe changes affect the 
generic more than the fpecific diftin&ion. And notwithstanding 
the immenfe number of thefe artificial varieties, fuch is the 
tendency of nature to maintain, a uniformity in the individuals 
°f the fame fpecies, that a few years neglect i^ fufficien? to 
reduce the thoufand gaudy inhabitants of the Florift's border 
to the ftate of their original parent. 

2. i he fame induftrious fpirit, when any particular flower 
happens to be in fafhion, will feek far and near for clofely- 


related fpecies of the fame genus, and by fubmitting thefe to a 
fuitable culture will occafion fim51ar changes, in the endlefs 
variety of which the fpecies may eafily be confounded with the 
one before in cultivation* 

3 This blending of different fpecies will be ftill farther 
promoted by the accidental or purpofely-contrived admixture 
of them, by fecundating one with the pollen of another. 
An offspring partaking of both parents is the confequence, 
and in fome cafes perhaps a permanent intermediate va- 
riety, fcarcely to be diftinguifhed from a really diftinct. 
fpecies, may be thus produced. For we cannot go fo far, in 
either the vegetable or animal kingdom, as to aiTert with fome 
authors, that hybrids or mules are in every cafe fteril. Mule 
birds, as we are aflured by breeders, will frequently procreate, 
and the offspring of the wolf and the dog has been proved to be 
prolific; but we are not thence to conclude, as fome have 
done, that the canary and gold-finch, the wolf and the dog 
are in reality the fame fpecies. We can fee however that the 
confounding of different fpecies by thefe mixed productions is 
very limited, in many cafes confined to the individuals firft 
produced, in others terminating perhaps with the next or 
third generation, and if a longer exiftence be allowed, we 
may infer a very great proximity between the parent plants. 
In vegetables indeed the duration may be longer from their 
power of propagation by other means than by feeds, but 
the increafe obtained by offsets from the roots, cuttings, or 
layers, when the foftering care of man ceafes, will fhortly 
perifh. Hence a very long-continued exiftence without 
change will often afford a ftrong prefumption of a plant's 
being a real fpecies. 

Armed with fuch reflexions, the Botanift may boldly enter 
.the FloriiVs parterre, undifmayed by the barbarous hoft of a 
Dutch catalogue. Here he will certainly find, that if the older 
botanical writers frequently raifed varieties to the rank of 
fpecies, the modern have fometimes confounded fuch as are 
really, and ever have been, diftinct. 

To enable us to decide in difficult cafes, it becomes necef- 
fary to dudy varieties as well as fpecies ; and this muft be our 
apology for admitting feveral of the former into a work, in 
the general plan of which they are excluded. Faithful re- 
prefentations and accurate defcriptions, when recorded,' can- 
not fail to eftablifh the truth in the end. S. 

C 949 ] 
Aotus Villosa. Villous Aotus. 

Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, fimplex. Cor, papilionacea : alis vexillo bre- 
vioribus. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtufum. Leg. l-loculare, 
2-fpermum. Smith. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

AOTUS villofa. Smith in Ann. ofBot. v.i.p. 504. Dryander 

• ibid. vol. 2. p. 519. 
PULTENjEA villofa. Bot. Repof. 309. 
PULTEN^IA ericoides. Vent. Malmaif.^. Poiret in Encyc. 
Meth. p. 738. 

Dr. Smith has, in our opinion, very properly feparated this 
from the genus Pultenjea; from his Pulten^a villofa, 
with which it has been confounded in the Botanift's Repofitory, 
it is in every refpeQ: different. 

To wrrat is faid by the Dodor in the Annals of Botany, we 
have nothing to add, except that the calyx, befides wanting 
the appendages, is bilabiate, and has the two teeth of the upper 
lip fhorter and more divaricate than the reft. 

It is a pretty little greenhoufe fhrub ; native of N eW ' 
Holland ; flowers in May ; communicated by Mr. Loddi geS 
of Hackney. 

<*,drM lid' by Kin ;■ 

* JJ. JPui trvTCurtu, J7 &*o Cr^rn^H^-d ZJ*** <**■ 

C 95° ] 

Arum Triphyllum (&)Zebrinum. Zebra- 
Flowered Arum. 

C/#/} #;/</ Order. 


andriam re latum. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix fupra nudus, infernc 
femineus, medio fiamineus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARUM triphyllum; acaule ; foliis trifoliolatis pedatis : foliolis 

ovalibus acuminatis, floribus dioicis. 
ARUM triphyllum. Sp. PL 1368. IVilld. v. 4. p. 480. Gron. 
Virg. 142. Michaux PL Bor. Amer. 2. p. 188. 
a. zebrinutn ; fpadice atro-purpureo fpatha vittata. 
DRACUNCULUS feuSerpentariatriphyllaBrafiliana. Dodart. 
Mem. 8 1 . cum jig. Robert. Ic. Raii Hi ft. 1212. certijftme. 
Bauh. Pin. 195/* Prod. 101 ? 
,Q. viride ; fpadice ipathaque uniformiter viridefcentibus. 
ARUM minus triphyllum feu Arifarum, pene viridi virginia- 
num. Mori/. Hift. 3. p. 547. 
?• palkfcens ; fpadice furfum rubcfcente, fpatha pallide vittata. 
ARUM leu Arilarum minus marianum flore et pene ex pallido 
virefcente. Plat. Aim. 39. /. 376. /. 3. 
*• atropurpureum s fpadice fpathaque uniformiter atropur- 

ARUM atro-ruhens. Hort. Kew. -v. 3. />. 3 15. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

IVilld. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 481, exclufo fynonymo Pink. 
A RUM five ARISARUM triphyllum minus, pene atro- 

rubente virginianum. Pluk. Aim. 52. /. 77./. 5« 

This variety, which is by far the moft beautiful, is alfo of 
he krgeft growth, on which account we have placed it firft. 


The Arum triphyllum is faid by, who confidered 
the genus as gynandrous, to be monoecious, bearing male and 
female flowers from the fame root on different (talks ; we ap- 
prehend however that this is a miftake, and that it is really 
dioecious, the male and female flowers rifing from different 
roots ; as has certainly been the cafe in fuch as we have feen. 
Our plant is female, bearing a number of germens, each fur- 
mounted by a white ftigma, crowded together at the bafe of 
the fpadix. Above theie are a few fcattered, irregular, anther- 
like mafles, but which do not appear to contain pollen, and as 
the fame are found above the ftamens in the male plant, they 
may perhaps be confidered as nectaries. 

The footltalk of the leaf and fcape are involved in two or 
three truncated (heaths of a pale colour fpotted with purple, 
the former exceeding the latter in length, fo that the leaf ftands 
over the flower, like an umbrella. In our plant the leaflets 
were not quite entire ; the margins being fomewhat undulated 
and repand, which gives them the appearance of being (lightly 
toothed, but they are not really fo. Native of North-America 
from Canada to Carolina. Probably the Brafilian plant may 
not be the lame fpecies. The roots are apt to perifh from the 
heat of the fun in dry weather unlefs planted in the lhade and 
a moift foil, and in fuch fituations they are liable to be de- 
stroyed in the winter ; it will be therefore fafeft to take them 
up after the leaves decay, and keep them in fand till the fol- 
lowing fpring. Flowers in May. Communicated by Meffrs. 
Napier and Chandler, Vauxhall, 

Tiih hvTlurtit Aua / .wS l*mt*<U JW* 

[ 95i ] 
Rhododendron Maximum. Laurel- 
Leaved Rhododendron. 

£"/<//} and Order. 
Djecandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. fubinfundibuliformis. Slam, dedinata. 
Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

RHODODENDRON maximum ; foliis oblongis glabris fubtus 

difcoloribus margine acuto reflexo; 

umbellis terminalibus congeftis, co- 

rollae laciniis concavis. 
RHODODENDRON maximum. Sp. PI. 563. Willi. Arb. 

286. Ejufd. Sp. 2. p. 607. Trcw. 

Ehret. p. 32. /. 66. Wangenh. Amer. p. 

63. /. 23. /. 49. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

n. 9. Michaux Fl. Am. Bor. 1. p. 259. 

Gartn. Frucl. v. 1. ^.304. /. 63. 
KALMIA foliis lanceolato-ovatis nitidis fubtus ferrugineis, 

corymbis terminalibus. Mill. Ic. t. 

CHAMyERHODODENDROS, lauri folio fempervirens, flo- 

ribus bullatis corymbofis. Catejb. Car. 

3. p. 17. /. 17. f. 2. 
LEDUM Jauro-cerafi folio. Amaru. Acad. 2. p. 201. 

This elegant tree, according to Catesby, adorns the 
weftern and remote parts of Pennfylvania, always growing in 
the moft fteril foil, or on the rocky declivities of hills and 
river banks, in fhady and moifl places. Michaux fays it is 


found from New-England to North-Carolina. In its native 
foil it attains the height of fixteen feet. 

There is much affinity between this tree and the Rhodo- 
dendron ponticum, nor do the diftinguifhing characters 
adopted by Willdenow feem fufficient ; for the leaves of the 
latter are not of the fame colour on the under furface as the 
upper, and both are very fubject. to vary in this refpecl, as well 
as in fize and form. The flowers of the maximum are paler 
coloured and grow in a much more compact umbel upon 
fhorter pedicles ; the corolla is more deeply divided and the 
fegments are rounder, more concave, and not undulated as in 
ponticum. The difficulty has of late been increafed by the 
raifing of hybrid varieties from an intermixture of the two. 
The upper fegment of the corolla, not the lower as is faid by 
Willdenow, is rather larger than the reft, and beautifully 
fpotted towards the bafe with green and yellow. 

Requires a moift foil with an admixture of bog-earth and a 
fhady fituation. Bears forcing as well as the ponticum, but is 
not fo well adapted to this purpofe from the palenefs of the 
flowers, which, in this ftate, become white, except the upper 
lacinia. Is rather more apt to be disfigured by the cold eafterly 
winds occurring late in the feafon. 

Our drawing was made in the fpring of 1785, at MeiTrs. 
Whitley and Bkame's, Old-Brompton, when every fhrub 
both of this and ponticum produced abundance of flowers in 
the greatefl perfe&ion. This year not a complete umbel was 
to be feen in the whole collection ! 

Introduced in 1736, by Peter Collinson, Efq. 


/E.i~*rJ,J4 P, 


[ 95* ] 
Fritillaria Racemosa. Bunch- 
Flowering Fritillaria. 

CVi-j/jr tf«^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — f/'i. N um - 664. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA racemofa; racemo ere&o 4 — 9-floro, foliofo, 
fubfecundo; foliis deorfum numerofis, fub- 
confertis, lineari-acuminatis, planis, glaucis; 
Cat era Fritillaria Meleagridis. G. 

FRITILLARIA pyrenaica. Sp. PI. 436. Syfl. Vegetal. Murr. 
325. Hort. Upf. 81. #W Sp. PL 2. 91. 
exclufis Temper fynonymis C/«/^ #/>/>. 2.0^. 
adv. Park. Par. 43. /. 1 1. atque ifott£. /*/*. 

FRITILLARIA pyrenaica (|3) y#/>ra Afa. 664. reje&is fyno- 

nimis Park. Par ad. 43. f. 12. Swert. Flor. 

j.f. 2. cum eo Bauh. Pin. 64. 
FRITILLARIA e foliorum alis florens ($.) Jerotina atropur- 

purea. Hort. Cliff. 119. 
FRITILLARIA nigra floribus adicendentibus. Mill. Ditt. 3. 

reje&o fynonymo. 

This is evidently the plant from which Linn,*: us charac- 
terized his pyrenaica t a name he adopted under the perfuafion 
'hat it was a variety of the true Pyrenean vegetable he found 
pefcribed and figured in the works of Clusius and Lob el ; 
m this error we followed him in the 664th number of this 
J* or k ; fince then we have obtained a living fpecimen, and can 
nave no doubt of the fpecies being as diftincl from each other 
as any other two of the fame genus. In facl, if a variety of 
an y known fpecies, it muft be of Meleagris ; from which how,- 


ever it differs in the characters given above in our fpecific 
phrafe. The corolla of pyrcnaica is of a thick, coriaceous, 
flefhy fubftance, has a patulous margin, with the alternate feg- 
ments twice as broad as the others and obovate ; characters 
not to be found in our prefent fubject, the leaves of which 
are alfo much more numerous, narrower, fharper, and more 
fparfe. Its fegments are rather lefs acute than thofe of me- 
Itagris, and its ne&ary is rather nearer the bafe of the fegments 
than in that, but yet not fo near as in pyrenaica ; all three differ 
from latifolia, in having green, (tenderer, and more patent 
ftigmas. As LinNjEUS applied his fpecific title to this plant, 
under the idea of its being a variety of the one we have be- 
fore publifhed under that name, and which is really of Py- 
renean origin, we have thought better to leave that appellation 
with it (efpecially as it was alfo included by Linnaeus in his 
fpecies) and adopt another for the prefent plant. 

We are ignorant of its real habitat, poffibly a mere variety 
of Mcleagris. Blooms fomewhat later than that or pyrenaica; 
quite fcentlefs. 

Our drawing was made from Mr. Williams's collection at 
Turnham-Green. Cultivated here in the time of Miller. 

Probably Frith, l aria hi f panic a umbellifera of Bauhin, 
Parkinson and Swertius, is really a variety of the pyrgr 
naica ,- but this we have not yet met with. G. 

[ 953 ] 

Ornithogalum Unifolium (0). Gibraltar 
Star of Bethlehem. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaRer.—Vid. N os - 653 & 746. Obf. 

Specific Charaller and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM unifolium. Vid.fupra N um - 935. 

(j3) fpica fubcylindraceo, multifloro, conferto, floribus ere&is, 

odoratis ; foliis 2 — 3, breviter cufpidatis. G. 
ORNITHOGALUM concinnum. Salijb. Prod. Hort. 240. 
ORNITHOGALUM nanum. Var. 2. foliis tnbus, fcapo 

unico in eodem bulbo. Brot. Flor* 

Lufit. 1. 250. ? 

We cannot bring ourfelves to think this any other than a 
variety of the above fpecies. This variety is faid to have been 
found in the country near Gibraltar, whence it was received 
in 1780, by the late Dr. Fothergill. Flowers fweet-fcented. 
Should be fheltered in a pit or garden frame. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in the very feleft 
colleaion of Mr. Williams, Nurferyman, at Turnham- 
Green. G. * 

+M Tub 


U Tub. by TCurtis, 

C 954 j 

Trillium Cernuum. Nodding-Floweree 


Jk-jfe> A . A ., jf 4t J.AA A A, A , A ^ i*A_A £b 

■7j» v /,» pp ^ ^ ^ „ ( c 7£ ■% -^ -^ >,« vjc-v,*-^- fjf-Jjf >je 

CAi/jr dff^ Order. 
Hexandria Trygynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N ua ' 470. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRILLIUM cernunm flore pedunculato, ccrnuo. Linn. Sp. 
PL 484. Hort. Kcw. 1. 490. Mill. Did. 1. 
'Smith Spicil. t. 4. Michaux Flor. Bor-Amer. 1. 

SOLANUM triphylhim, flore hexapetalo cameo. Cat. Car. 1, 

p 45* ft 45» 

ARIS foliis ternis, flore pedunculato nutante. Cold. Noveb. 
1. 45. 

After the detailed defcripiion in Dr. Smith's Spicu. e- 
c ium, we need not make any addition in this place, except 
J, 1 " e to remark, that a perfect trilocular fruit, fuch as rcpre- 
€ nted in his figure, is in this genus at lead dubious. The 
re ceptacle of the feeds is in this fpecies formed by a projection 
going off from the middle of three of the fides, but terminating 
^' u h a thickened extremity before it reaches the centre of the fruit, 
^fuchaconftruction, ofcourfe, the fhrinking of the receptacles 
°* tn e feeds may occafion what appears to be a three-celled 
ovary to become one-celled in the ripe fruit. Moreover a 
^jjerence in the length of the receptacle of the feeds in the 
Afferent fpecies of the fame genus, extending in one nearly or 
S^te to the centre of the fruit, in another lei's than half-way 


towards the centre, though evidently making no effential dif- 
ference, will give in the former cafe the appearance of a three- 
celled, in the latter that of a one-celled fruit. This obferva- 
tion will probably explain the feeming contradiction in the 
formation of the fruit in this genus. Whether the three 
feminal receptacles in any cafe perfectly unite in the centre, 
as defcribed by Mr. Salisbury in Paradifus Londinenfis, 
No. 35, deferves to be further examined ; in this fpecies they 
are certainly free towards the centre and attached to the fides 
of the fruit only. 

A hardy plant, requiring made, and to be planted in bog- 
earth. Found by Michaux in mountainous places in Upper 
Carolina, by Kalm in Canada, and by Mr. Menzies in 
Nova-Scotia. Cultivated here by Miller. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Meffrs. Napier and Chandler, Vauxhall. 

C 955 3 


Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char abler. — Fid. N um - 916. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

UVULARIA perfoliata; foliis perfoliatis, ellipticis, obtufis ; 
corolla campanulata, intus fcabrata ; antheris 
cufpidatis. Exot. Bot. v. 1. p. 97. 

UVULARIA perfoliata. Linn. Sp. PL 437. Mill. Dicl. 2. 
Hort. Kew. 1. 434. Willd. Sp. Plant. 2. 94- 
Micbaux Flor. Bor-Amer. 1. 199. 

(a) major ; calyce luteo. Mich. I. c. 

POLYGONUM ramofum flore luteo major. Corn. Canad. 
38. /. 39. 

(,3) minor : calyce pallide-exalbido. Mich. I.e. 

UVULARIA perfoliata. Exot. Bot. t. 49. 

Since we have not feen the living fpecimen of this fpecies, 
we do not pretend to add to or alter what has been faid of the 
plant in the Exotic Botany. According to tht figures, our 
plant feems to us to partake equally of Dr. Smith's fiava and 
perfoliata. Michaux has two varieties, poffibly his (*) i* 
iheflava of Dr. Smith. We ftrongly fufpect. all thefe plants 
will be found to be mere varieties of each other : (a) was found 
by Michaux in Canada and on the very high mountains 
of Carolina ; (j3) in the mountains of middling height in Ca- 
rolina and Virginia. Miller fays the fpecies is perfect)/ 
hardy, and mould be planted in a hazel loam not too ftiff 
nor wet ; may be propagated by parting the roots about 
Michaelmas, but not oftener than every third year. Bloom* 
in April and May. 

Our drawing was made from a plant fent us by Mr. Wil- 
liams, of Tuniham-Green. G, 



>*4JU rid.hyZCm-Us,J*Gee:CfrfxnlSepJJSc6. Zi 

C 956 ] 

Scalia Jaceoides. Knap-Weed Scalia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superelua. 

Generic Charaaer. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus \>\\o{\is i fcaber, fcffilis. CorolU 
radii infundibuliformes, irregulares. 

Sx&xia?-, nomen a Theophrafio cuidam hujus ordinis plant* 

SCALIA jaceoides. 

Descr. Root flefhy, tap-fhaped ? perennial. Stem erect, 
round, fomewhat woolly, a little branched at the upper part. 
Leaves alternate, feflile, fpatulate lanceolate, with rough mar- 
gins, obfcurely three-ribbed ; the midrib much ftouter than 
the lateral ones. Flowers uniformly yellow, folitary, on long, 
more or lefs fcaly peduncles. Calyx fubglobofe, imbricate, 
fcales linear, terminated with a broader, ovate- acuminate, 
fcariofe appendix. CorolU of. the radius female, funnel-fhaped : 
tube filiform : limb fomewhat irregularly cut into from three 
to five narrow laciniae. CorolU of the difk many, hermaphrodite, 
funnel-fhaped : tube filiform below. Receptacle naked, dotted, 
fiat. Seed! oblong, rough, crowned with a feflile hairy 
fcabrous pappus, thofe of the difk and of the radius fimilar. 

In habit, but not colour, this plant much refembles CeH- 
taurea nigra, and has the fame rigid rough afpeft; but be- 
longing 10 a different order in the Linnean fyftem, and having 
a naked receptacle, it will not unite in the fame genus witn 
it. A native of New South- Wales, and boafts no great 
beauty, but as few fyngenefious plants have as yet found their 
way from that country into our gardens, it may be admitte 
for its rarity. May be treated as a hardy greenhoufe plant* 
Propagated by feeds, which however are not always pe f ' 
fefcled with us. Flowers in May and continues a long time » n 
bloom. Introduced by Mr. Loddiges of Hackney. 

' / T( 


C 957 ] 

Campanula Alpina. Alpine Bell- 

C/ct/} and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. 

Cor. campanulata, ' fundo claufo valvis fhminiferis. £//£«/x 
3-fidum. Ca/J/I infera, poris Iateralibus dehiicens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA alpina; caulo fimplici pedunculis unifloris 
axillaribus diphyllis. Jacq. Vhid. 210. Jacq. 
Aiiftr. 2. /. 118. Sp. PL 1669, #?/&. ty. 
T 3 /. 1. 909. AV/V£. 463. M?/7. Mill Di3. 

- *- 37- 

CAMPANULA foJiis ellipticis hirfutis, petiolis alaribus uni- 
floris, floribus giabris. Hall. Helv. ft. 695. 

CAMPANULA alpina pumila lanuginosa. Both. Pin. 94. 

TRACHELIUM pumilum alpinum. Clkf. Hifi. 171. is/V///. 
Pann.6$7. Park. Herb. 645. 9. Rail Htji. 
736. 21. 

A native of the Alps of Switzerland and Schneberg in Auftria. 
The reflexed angles between the erecl fegments of the calyx 
are fo very fhort, that it may admit of doubt whether it 
mould have been arranged in the third or in the frrft fcclion of 
this extenfive genus. The capfule is trilocular. It varies 
with pale afh-coloured flowers, and bright blue, inclined to 
violet. Is a hardy perennial, but requires the fame careful 
treatment as other alpine plants. Introduced from Auftria 
by Mr. Loddiges, by whom it was communicated to us m 
flower at the latter-end of April. It continued for fome weeks 
in high beauty, and is indeed a very ornamental little 

[ 958 ] 


4J* $-$# #♦ & ♦ $-$"* £* v ■$• $ # $ #" 

C/a/} ##</ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. Lab. fuperius abbreviatum, 2-dentatum ; inferius tri- 
dentatum, produclius. Carina corollas truncata. Legum. pedicel- 
latum, complanatum, dorfo gibbum, 2-fpermum. Stigma ca- 

GOODIA lotifolia. Salijb. in Par ad. Lond. 41. 

Our drawing of this plant was taken at the Botanic Garden, 
Brompton, more than two years ago. We had before ken 
and defcribed it in Mr. Hiebert's colkaion at Clapham- 
Common, but were not able to fatisfy ourfelves perfectly re- 
fpeaing its native country ; fufpetting from its habit, fo very 
different from that of moft of the Leguminofae from New- 
Holland, that it was in reality a produftion of the Cape of 
Good Hope. We are informed however in the Paradifus 
Londinenfis, that it was found in New South- Wales, by Peter 
Good, and feeds of it tranfmitted by him to the Royal Garden 
at Kew. 

This induflrious Gardener was induced by his love of plants 
to leave a lucrative employment and repair to fo diftant a 
country to collea feeds for his Majefty ; in which fervice he 
died. By naming this plant after him, Mr. Salisbury has 
endeavoured to perpetuate his memory, a duty which, we 
underftand, Mr. Brown, fince his return from 'New South- 
Wales, had intimated his intention of fulfilling. 

It is a hardy greenhoufe fhrub of han Ifome growth. Flowers 
in May, June, and July. Propagated by cuttings and feeds. 



Tub by Tl 

C 959 3 

Clematis Calycina. Minorca 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. o. Petal a 4 — 6. Semina caudata. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS calycina; involucro calycino approximate, foliis 
ternatis, intermedio tripartito. Hort. Kew. 2. 
p. 259. VahL Symb. 3. p. 75. L'Heril. Stirp. 
Nov. 2. /. 26. hied. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 1289. 
Mart. Mill. Die?, a. 1 6. 

CLEMATIS balearica ; fcandens, foliis compofitis tenuiter 
laciniatis, floribus calyculatis lateralibus, petahs 
interne guttatis. Lamarck Encycl. 2. p. 44* 

Our drawing of this rare fpecies of Clematis, a native or 
the Ifland of Minorca, was taken at Mr. Malcolm's nurfery 
at Kenfington. It requires the protection of a good green- 
houfe. Produces its flowers in the winter. Propagated by 
layers with difficulty. Introduced to the Royal Garden at 
Kew, in 1783, by M. Thouin. 



SyJ^Jnard.^1 Inh bv T Curh* J*G+ ■( */.,>,/ < ', 

C 9&> ] 

Leucojum Autumnale. Autumnal 
j Snow-Flake. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Characlcr. 

Cor. campaniformis, 6-partita, apicibus, incraflata. Slirma 
nmplex. A 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

LEUCOJUM autumnale ; fpatha fub-biflora : laciniis triden- 

tatis, Itylis foliifque fiiiformibus. 
LEUCOJUM autumnale. Spec. PI. 414. Mild. 2. p. 30. 
Reich. 2. p. 16. Loefi. It. 136. Hort. Kew. u 
p. 406. Brot. Fl. Luf. v. t.p. 552. Desfont. 
At I. 1. p. 281. P arret Foy. v. 2. p. 144. Parad, 
Lond. 2i. Ic. Opt. 
LEUCOJUM bulbofum autumnale. Batih. Pin. 56. Cluf 
Hifp. 271. f. 272. Dod. Purg. 410. Pempt. 
230. f 4. Pdr£. Parad. 110. 2. /. 107. /. 10. 
Rati Hiji. 1145. GVr. £///,7f. 148.7] 5, /?<////&. 
#//?. 1. p. 593. .7%. 1. £#/. Hort. Eyjl. Ord. 
3. <?#/. 
LEUCOJUM bulbofum tenuifolium minus flore rubcIJo. 

Grifl. Fir id. Luf ft. 1573. 
TRICOPHYLLUM. Rcnealm. Spec. 101. t. 100. 

This modeft little plant is a native of Spain, Portugal, and 
the neighbourhood of Algiers, growing on the dry fandv hills; 
we have received fpecimens alfo from the rock of Gibraltar, 
gathered by our friend Mr. Weber, Surgeon to a German 
regiment in his Majefty's fervice. 

Br otero has another fpecics or rather variety very fimilar 


to Leucojum autumnale, which he calls irichophylJum % in this 
the petals are acute, not tridentate. 

Every author who has defcribed this plant agrees that it has 
ufually two, fometimes one, but very rarely three flowers from 
the fame fpathe, yet all continue to fay fpatha muUiflora ; it 
appears to be much more conftant to the character of two- 
flowered than L. vernum does to that of one-flowered. 

Our drawing was taken from a fpecimen communicated by 
Meffrs. Napier and Chandler, Vauxhall. It flowers, as 
the name denotes, in the autumn, coming up without leaves, 
which with us feldom appear till the flowering is entirely over, 
fometimes not till the fpring; but in moft of the fpecimens we 
received from Gibraltar the leaves appear with the flower, 
though much fhorter than they afterwards grow ; much the 
fame as in Clusius's figure, from which all the other figures 
of the older authors were copied except our Parkinson, 
-"who however coarfe, is ufually original* 

&£*** Jd VuhhrCur^S. 

C 961 ] 


Flowered Blood-Flower. 

# $mti'$m $ $ $ $ »$% » 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaHer. 

Involucrum polyphyllum, multiflorum. Cor. 6-partita fupera. 
Bacca 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HiEMANTHUS multiflorus 1 foliis tribus ovato-fanceolatis 

acuminatis carinatis undulatis ere&is, urn- 

bella congefta globofa, petalis patentibus. 

Martyn & Nodder, Monog. Jc. opt. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2. p. 25. Bot. Repof. 318. Mart. 

Mill. Did. a. 8. 
SATYRIUM e Guinea. Vallet Hort. t. 33. Be Bry FloriL 

t. 44. Swert. F/oril. 1. p. 63. / 3. Morif. 

Hijl. 3. p. 491. § 12. /. 12. /. XI. Rudb. 

Ely/. 2. p. 110. f. 3. 
HYACINTHO affinis africana, caule maculato. Seb. MuJ. 1. 

p. 20. /. 12. /. 1, 2, 3. 

From the firft eftablifhment of a colony at Sierra-Leone, 
the bulbs of this beautiful flower have frequently been imported 
from thence, and is rather common in our floves. 

The fpathe generally divides into three parts and is patent or 
reflected, not erect, as in H^emanthus coccineus, from which 
fpecies it differs alfo in radication and foliation, the fibres 
growing from the fummit of the bulb and the leaves, embracing 


one another at their bafes, fo as to form a fpotted flalk, rifing 
feveral inches above the ground ; in all which circumfiances it 
agrees "with H.emantiius puniceits. 

Being a native of fo warm a climate as the Coaft of Guinea, 
the bark-ttove is necefiary to its prcfervation ; and even there 
few have been fo fuccefsful as to flower the fame plant repeat- 
edly ; though imported bulbs will blow without the aid of 
artificial heat. 

Introduced into the Paris garden more than two hundred 
years ago by M. Robin, Jim. and figured at the time by 
Vallet in his Jardin du Roy Henry IV. Of this inaccurate 
figure, thofe of De Bry, Swf.ertius, Rudbeck., and Mo- 
rison, are more or lefs mutilated copies ; Seba's is different 
and better; Nodder's is excellent, and was drawn in 1795 
from a plant which flowered at Mr. Parker's, at South- 
Lambeth, among the lirli received from Sierra-Leone ; ours was 
taken about the fame time, from a bulb which {lowered very 
weakly, but on account of its fize appeared better fuited to 
our work. The umbel frequently contains from forty to fixty 

Willdenow, without having feen the plant, has defcribed 
the peduncles to be jointed, as they are reprefented in Val- 
let's figure, and this would undoubtedly be an excellent 
diftinguifhing character, but unfortunately nothing of the kind 


[ 962 ] 

Fritillari a Persica (3). Lesser Persian 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. N um - 664. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARI A per/tea ; racemo nudiufculo, foliis obliquis. 

Hort. Up/. 82. Sp. PL 436. Reich. 2. 47. 

Willd. 2. 90. Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 2. 
FRITILLARI A racemo nudo terminali. HorL Cliff. 119. 
LILIUM Perficum. Battb. Pin. >jg. Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 183. 

/, 1. Be Bry Floril. 63. Swert. Floril. 44. 

/. 1. Dod. Pempt. 220. Morif. Hijl. 2./. 4. 

/. ig.f.1. Park. Parad. 2g.f. 2. Ger. Em. 

201. Rati Hifi. no6. Bank Hi ft. 2. p. 

699. /. 2. 
LILIUM fufianum. C/uf. Hi/I, 1. p. 130. Hifp. 130, 131. 
03} FRITILLARI A racemofa. Mill. Dicl. 
FRITILLARI A minima. Swert. Floril. j.f. 2. 
FRITILLARIA ramofa, five Lilium Perficum minus. Morif. 

BleJ. 266. 

Varies in ftature from fix inches to three feet, bearing from 
twelve to fifty flowers, growing in a pyramidal form. 

Probably of Perfian origin; but, as we are told by 
Parkinson, was introduced to this country from Turkey, 
by merchants trading to that country, and « in efpecial by the 
H procurement of Mr. Nicholas Lete, a lover of all fair 

J flowers/' 


The root is obferved to be free from the offenfive fmell of 
its congener the Crown-Imperial ; but to make up for this, 
the tafte of it is, according to John Bauhin, horribly bitter 
(peramarus horribilis). It appears to be perfectly hardy, and 
eafily propagated by its bulbs ; yet is lefs common than it 
deferves, being a very defirable flower. Bloflbms in April 
and May. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Williams's, Turnham- 


luhh T.i 

C 963 ] 

Veratrum Nigrum. Dark-Flowered 


4h|hM^ frji j cj g f fr fr flfr j $-$• 

CAt/} <2/^/ Order. 


Generic. Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. o. Cor. 6-petala. St am. 6. Piji. 3. 
Cap/. 3. polyfpermee. 

Masc. Cal. 0. Cbr. 6-petala. Stam.6. Pift. rudimentum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

VERATRUM nigrum; racemo compofito, corollis patentif- 

fimis. Sp. PL 1479. Reich. 4. 297. Hort. 

Kew. 3. p. 422. «5Vo/>. Gzr//. ». 1234. J acq. 

Auftr. 4. />. 18. /. 336. Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 3. 

Kniph. Cent. 4. ». 91. 
VERATRUM (lore atrorubente. Toum. lnfi. 273. 
HELLEBORUS albus fiore atrorubente. Bauh. Pin. 186. 

Morif. Hijl. 3. p. 485. / 12. /. 4. /. 2. £<//. 

i7or/. Eyjl. PL JEji. Ord. 8. /. 9. 
HELLEBORUS albus praecox atrorubente flore. Park. Tbeat. 

2i 6. ». 2. /. 217. ». 2. GVr. jEwjr. 440./. 2. 

This (lately herbaceous plant is a native of Auftria 
and perfeelly hardy. Miller obferves, that it fhould 
be planted in an open fituation, as, when near to walls or 
hedges, it is apt to be disfigured by fnails ; from whence he 
infers that it muft be lefs acrid than the White Hellebore, 
which is rarely touched by them. Flowers in June and July. 
Is an old inhabitant of our gardens, being cultivated by 
John Gerard, in 1596. We received our fpecimcn from 
Mr. Spon, Nurferyman, at Egham. 

G-ee Crffctnt I ', ■/ / i» -/ 

C j$4 ] 

Celsia Cretica. Great-Flowered 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat 5-partitus. Cor. rotata. FUamenta barbata. Cap/. 2- 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

CELSIA cretica foliis inferioribus finuatis petiolatis, fuperi- 
oribus cordatis amplexicaulibus, filamentis inferiori- 
bus laevibus. So/under MSS. 

CELSIA cretica. Linn. Suppl. 281. Syft. Veg. 469. Fab!. 
Symb. 3. p. 80. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 280. Reich. 3. 
151. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 344. Desfont. At!. 2. />. 57. 
Mzr/. Mi!!. Diet. 

The figure in Miller's Icones (PI. 273) generally quoted 
as a fynonym, does not appear to belong to this plant ; Co that 
we do not know that any reprefentation of it has been before 

The fyftematic arrangement of this pla-nt has hitherto been 
at variance with natural affinity ; if more attention had been 
paid to the latter, it would hardly have been diftinguifbed from 
Verbascum, feveral fpecies of which have the hairy filaments 
of unequal length and arranged in a fimilar manner. In one, 
of which we intend foon to give a figure, the upper flamens 
exactly refemble thofe of Celsia cretica, but are three in 
number inftead of two : fo that here are two plants minutely 
correfponding, both in habit and fructification, excepting that 
one of them has only four flamens the other five, from which 
circumftance one is joined to Celfia and arranged in the 


fourteenth clals, the other is a Verbafcum and belongs to the 
fifth! Gartner, who examined Celsia orientalis, diftinguifh- 
ed this genus from Verbafcum by the different ftructure of the 
capfule, obferving that in the former the diflcpiment between 
the cells is fingle and contrary to the valves, in the latter 
double, formed by the infle&ed margins of the valves. In 
this refpe6t too Celsia cretica belongs to the genus Verbaf- 
cum ; and this circumftance would have overcome our un- 
willingness to make any change in eftabliihed names, fatisfied 
that in uniting this plant with Verbafcum we mould have 
been clofely treading in the footfleps of nature ; but the 
examination of Celsia Arfturus, which differs from the other 
fpecies, and from Verbafcum, in having oppofite leaves, makes 
us again hefitate, for in this too we find the capfule of Ver- 
bafcum. On this account we have thought it fafeft to retain 
this plant in its former fituation, till both genera fhall have 
been more accurately examined. 

The Celsia cretica is a fhewy biennial, readily propagated 
by feeds, requiring to be protected from froft. Flowers in 
June, July, and Auguft. Is a native of Crete, the fields 
about Algiers and Tunis, and faid in Hortus Kewenfis to have 
been introduced into this country from the Eaft-Indies by 
M. Thou in in 1776. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr, Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden, Brompton. 


C 965 ] 


Leaved Loddigesia. 

Qlafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Vexillum alis carinaque pluries minus ! 

Specific Name and Synonym, 

LODDIGESIA oxalidifolia. 
CROTALARIA oxalidifolia, Hortulanis. 

Desc. A low branched fhrub. Leaves alternate, trifoliate, 
on long 61iform petioles, in the axils of which is a pair of 
fubulate, minute, falling ftipules : leaflets obcordate, mucro- 
nulate, quite entire, fmooth. Flowers terminal, from three 
to eight, in an umbel, on fhort peduncles, drooping. Braftes 
two, minute, fubulate. Calyx coloured, hollowed at the bafe, 
fomewhat inflated, 5-toothed : teeth acute, three lowermoft 
rather longeft. Vexillum, or Jlandard t very minute, project- 
ing but little beyond the calyx, white : JVings about three 
times longer, oblong, widening upwards, obtufe, fpreading, 
white. Keel nearly equal in length to the wings, fomewhat 
wider, rather fquare-pointed, gaping underneath, dark purple. 
Filaments all connefted in a (heath which fplits at the upper 
part. Ovary oblong, compreffed, containing from two to four 
ovula ; Style going off at a right angle : Stigma pointed. The 
genus may be placed in the fyftem between Genilla and Cytilus, 
which ought to (land near together. 

We believe that this delicate little fhrub was firft intro- 
duced into this country by George Hibbebt, Efq. of Clap- 
ham-Common, in whofe confervatory our drawing was taken. 

We likewife received it from Mr. Loddiges, Nurferyman, at 
Hackney, who raifed it fome years ago from feeds he received 
from the Cape of Good Hope. This excellent cultivator, 
from his extenfive correfpondence with feveral far-diftant 
countries, has been the means of introducing many rare 
exotics into our gardens, and to his experience and fkill in 
horticulture, the prefervation and propagation of more, that 
would have been otherwife loft, is to be entirely attributed. 
Of his liberality in communicating his poffeflions, for the pro- 
motion of fcience, the numbers of our magazine bear ample 
teftimony, and in return, we confider it as a duty impofed 
upon us, thus to record his merits, by naming a genus after 
him. That the one we have chofen is very diftincl, we ap- 
prehend the fingular form of the corolla will fufficiently decide* 
although wc have not yet been fo fortunate as to meet with a 

It is a tolerably hardy greenhoufe fhrub, flowers freely, and 
is readily propagated by cuttings. BIofToms in May and 
June. fometimes amufed himfelf with fancying a 
refemblance between the genus and the perfon to whofe 
honour it is dedicated ; and fuch conceits may at leaft ferve to 
affifl; the memory. So in Loddigelia, the minute white 
flandard may be confidered as the emblem of the modeft pre- 
tentions of this venerable cultivator ; the broad keel, of his 
real ufefulnefs to fcience ; and the far-extended wings, as that 
of his two fons, 


J c 9 66 


l'»J. ■',: 2 

[. 966 ] 
Erica Elegans. Elegant Heath, 

Clafs and Orden 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-pbyl!us. Cor. 4-fida. Fihun. receptaculo inferta, An^ 
thcra 2-fidap. Cap/, 4-locularis. Dijjepimcnia valvule 

Obs. Foliola calycis, latinise corolla?, loculamenta, valvulaeque mi- 
mero interdum duplicantur. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

ERICA elegans,- antheris criftatis inclufis, foliis fexfariis 
■ glaucis, umbellis congeftis terminalibus involucrato- 
bracleatis, corollis urceolatis. 
ERICA elegans. And. Heaths. 

Descr. A low fhrub, with fhort branches growing in every 
direction. Leaves ternate, but by thofe of one whorl being 
placed direcUy between thofe of the next, (he whole is neatly 
arranged in fix di£lin£i rows, glaucous, flefhy, acerofe, chan- 
nelled underneath. Flowers terminal in a compact umbel. 
Involucre of fix ovate, acuminate, leaves. Peduncles fcarccly 
as long as the involucre, with three or four large bracks fimilar 
to the involucre, deciduous. Calyx four-leaved, leaflets orbi- 
cular, acuminate, fomewhat fprcading, nearly equalling the 
Corolla, which is globular at the bottom, contracted upwards ; 
mouth 4-fid, fmall. Ncflary a glandular beaded circle within 
the ftamens. Stamens included; filaments dilated, at both 
ends incurved : Anthers oblong, acute, criftate : criftce 
nearly orbicular minutely notched, and in this fpecies 
(perhaps in others) are evidently proceffes of the filaments, 
and no part of the anthers. Germen globofely four-lobed : 

jlyle ereft : fiigma capitate, included. 


The involucre, bra£les, calyx, and corolla are all of a rofe- 
colour, deepeft where moft expofed to the light, the firft and 
laft tipped with green. A faccharine juice is fecreted in fo 
large quantities as to drop from the flowers. 

We conclude that this fpecies is not contained in Mr. Salis- 
bury's monograph on this genus, in the Tranfaclions of the 
Linnean Society, as it is certainly not to be found in the neigh- 
bourhood of glauca, its near affinity with which could not have 
paffed unnoticed. But without this clue, even if prefent, we 
might perhaps have overlooked it; for in fo extenfive a genus, 
in which the fpecies are, for the moft part, given under new 
names, and not arranged under different feclions, it is not 
always eafy to determine, whether a required fpecies be there 
or not. 

Is more eafily propagated and a much freer blower than glauca. 
Our drawing was taken from a fine fhrub at Mr. Buchanan's, 
Nurferyman, at Camberwell, who appears to be very induf- 
trious in collecting rare plants, and obligingly communicative 
to fcientific inquirers. 




Ttucnty-Fourtb Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

In which the Latin Names of| In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the* the Plants contained in the 
Twenty- bourth Volume are alpha- v 
beticaliy arranged. a 

PL % PL 

Q23*Amaryllisoniata(£). ♦ 949 Aotus, villous. 

949 Aotus villofa. J 950 Arum, zebra-flowered. 

950 Arum triphyllum (a) Zebrinum. «> 957 BelLFlower, alpine. 
957 Campanula alpina. * 927 _ fage- leaved 

927 collina. 

964 Celfia cretica. 

941 Claytonia virginica. 

959 Clematis calycina. 

943 Convolvulus bryoniasfolius. 
938 Crocus fulphureus («). 

944 Dil!wynia glaberrima. 
932 Echinops Ritro. 

966 Erica elegans. 
962 Fritillaria perfica ($). 

95 8 


Goodia lotifolia. 

Ha?manthus multifiorus. 

Hyacinthus orientalis. 
960 Leuccjum autumnale. 
936 Lilium fuperbum. 
930 Limodorum akum. 
965 Loddigefia oxalidifolia. 
934 Narciflbs calathinus {«). 

mofchatus (a). 

: orientalis (y). 





papyraceus (a)- 

— rrilobus. 

c; Omithogalum unifolium. 

Pa^onia tenuifolia. 
931 Phytolacca decandra. 
942 Primula integrifclia. 
933 Prorea mucro dfolia. 
951 Rhododendron maximum. 
956 Scalia Jaceoides. 
939 Scilla Romans. ( 
929 Symphytum afperrimum. 
954 Trillium cernuum. 
95,5 Uvularia pertoliata («). 
928 Vaccinium buxifolium. 
963 Veratrum nigrum. 


, ^_, idge-ieaveci. 

V 943 Bindweed, bryony-leaved. 
$ 961 Blood- Flower, many-flowered. 

* 94 1 Claytonia, Virginian. 
€> 964 Ceilia, great-flowered. 

* 929 Comfrey, prickly. 

4. 938 Crocus, worft yellow, or old cloth 

i> of gold. 

f 9 2 4 Daffodil, white long-flowered. 

^ 944 Dillwynia, fmooth-leaved. 

$ 952 Fritillary, bunch-flowering. 

* 962 IeiTer Perfian. 

a 932 Globe-thiftle, fmall. 

4. 058 Goodia, lotus-leaved. 
A 966 Heath, elegant. 
% 937 Hyacinth, garden. 
]£ 934 Jonquil, great- yellow. 
ty 936 Lily, fuperb. 

* 923* white Cape-Coaft. 

Y 930 Limodorum, tall. 

A 965 Loddigefia, oxalis-leaved. 

* 948 Narciffus, cream-coloured. 

Italian, or paper white. 



of the Levant. 

94 6 
* 945 

^ nor 

l)2 -> 


4! 92b Peony, fine-leaved. 
j) 931 Poke, Virginian. 

Primrofe, entire-leaved. 
Y 933 Protea, dagger-leaved. 
A 95 » Rhododendron, laurel-leaved. 

* 956 Scalia, Knapweed. 

A 960 Snow-flake, autamnal. 

t 935 Star-of-Bethlehem, one-leaved. 

* 953 

— Gibraltar. 

939 Squil, Roman. 
j> 954 Trillium, nodding-flowered. 
Y 955 Uvularia, perfoliate. 
A 963 Veratrum, dark-flowered. 
* 959 Virgin's-Bower, Minorca. 
$ 928 Whortle-Berry, box-leaved. 

P.mttd by S. Coucinnan, Throgmoucn-Strect, London.