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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."


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f ^ *u-< * 



C U R TIS' S 

Botanical Magazine: 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 
The raoft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Oafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn.eus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 



VOL. XXI. O 



" Although labour be clearly the lot of man in this world, yet in the midft 
" of his moft aftive exertions, he cannot but feel the fubftantial benefit of every 
' liberal amusement, which may lull his paflions to reft, and afford him a 
" fort of repofe, without the pain of total inaftion, and the real ufefuhefs of 
" every purfuit, which may enlarge and diverfify his ideas, without interfering 
» with the principal objecls of his civil nation or economical duties." 

Sir Wm, Jones. 

LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couch man, Throgmorton- Street. 

Publifhed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars-Road ; 

And Sold by the principal JBookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCV. 



t 787 ] 1 

Iris Squalens. Brown-Flowered Iris. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia* 

Generic Characlcr. 

Ttrflorefcentia fafciculata. Cor. inferius varie tubulofa ; limbtis 
peramplus6 partitas, laciniis in&qualibus, alternis magis erectis, 
perraro cunc\is fuppariter expanfis. Stigm. 3, amplitudine 
peialoidea, involutim complicata, praediipariliter bilabiata. 
Cap/, bMpnga tereti-3-6-gona. Sem. numerofa, majufcula, 
ficco-rarius carnofo baccata ; in univerfum complanata varieque 
preffa, vix unquam abfolute globofa. G. 

Obs. Genus pro or dine fpeciebus mtutime gravatum, forte etlam nimtis 
ttfque nhnis anomalh. Radix nunc tunicato bnlbofa ; nunc ex rbizomatibus 
perennantibus aggejio-coagmentatis frues crafj'a, Jo/ido-carnofa, prorepenter 
ft quaquaverjum product a ; perraro femel tuberofa. Foliatio bifaria, turn 
piano en/iformis, turn canaliculata y raro quadrangula. CauVis de Jubnulh 
per fpecies tripedalem acquirens altitudinem. Stamina libera, trifariam fpec- 
tantia, tuba impojita. Capfula conacea atque firme cartilagineo-rigejcens. 
Semina bifenalia, fapius lavia, raro tuberculata. In perfica et alata in- 
fiorefcentia fubuniflora et partim fubterranea, pene Croci injiar. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

IRIS fqualens. Willd. Sp. PL t. 228. Exclufo fynonymo 
Jacquini. Hori. Kew. 1. 69. Exclufo fynonymo Jac- 
quini. 



Although in our account of Iris pullida, No. 685, we have 
confidered this as a mere variety of I r 1 s fambucina, No. 187 
of this work, excluding Ikis fqualens altogether ; neverihelefs, 
that we may fatisfy fuch of our readers as may not entirely 
coincide with us in opinion, we have thought it right to give 
a figure of it, under the name by which it has been ufually 
known ; indeed it was only in compliance with the general, 
though erroneous, appellation of the later Botanifts, that we 
did not reftore Linn^us/s name of fambucina to our pallida 
and apply this of fqualens to our fambucina and its varieties. 

Ourdrawing was taken at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's 
Nurfery in May 1803. It is perfedly hardy and eafily pro- 
pagated by parting its roots. 







T.Curtu, A't&et 



C 788 ] 

Asclepias Carnosa. Thick-Leavei> 
asclepias. 

#*-$** * ** *♦* #*** * * * 

Chifs and Order, 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Contorta. Neftaria 5/ ovata, concava, corniculum exfe- 
rentia. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

ASCLEPIAS carnofa ; caule fruticofo quadrangulari volubili, 
umbellis fimplicibus nutantibus, foliis oppofttis 
ovatis margine revolutis carnofis g!abris. 

ASCLEPIAS carmfa. Limn Suppl. 170. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 
1264. 



For a fpecimen of this very rare plant, a native of China, 
■we are indebted to the honourable Mrs. Barrington, in 
whole collection at Mongewell, in Berkfhire, it flowered in, 
July laft. LiNN^ushad feen only a Imall dried fpecimen, 
which had been fraudulently given by the Chinefe as the plant, 
producing the Gamboge. Had he examined it in a living 
Hate it is probable he would not have referred it to the genus 
Afclepias, as it wants the hollow horned neclaries, and is very 
different in habit from the other fpecies. Perhaps it may form 
a new genus including Stapelia chinenfis and cochinchinenfis 
of Loureiro;* but as we did not receive the plant from our 
draughtfmaii in a fufficiently perfefct ftate to determine with 
certainty to what genus it really belongs, we have thought it 
beft to continue the appellation given to it in the fupplementum, 
and retained in Willdenow's edition of the Species Plan- 
tarum. 

It has been hitherto treated as a ftove plant, 

* Vvhilft this account was in the Prefs, we have feen Looretro's fpeclmerf 
of _ Stapelia cochhichinenfis, together with a drawing of the flower by our 
fnend, Mr. Charles Konig, which confirms our fufpicion of the very near 
affinity of thefe plants. The habit, the leaves, and the form of the ne'ftaria, 
are exactly fimilar. 







Pub hf TCw&t, S. r l-f,' fr,i,< n I 



[ 7*9 3 

Ixia Maculata. var. 0. Amethystina. 

Amethystine Ixia. 

#»♦»»♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ■♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Spatha bivalvis. Cor. tubus gracilis, pedunculoideus, ere&us, 
fuperius vix dilatatus ; limbus ferme ad tubum ufque partitus, 
regularis, fubaequalis, patens : laciniae planiores, raro deorlura 
in faucem conniventes aut breviter turbinato-confervcmes. 
Til. limbo multo breviora, aut patentia, aut confleclentia, aut 
fafciculata, vel etiam cuniculato-concreta. Cap/, membranacea, 
orbiculato-ovata, torulofa. Sem. plurima, globofa. G. 

Obs. Bulho-tuber deprej/o-rotundum, interdum plano-convexum atque^ 
umbilicato-deprcj/um, /emel/ucculeniius et JubdeJ'orme, qhando tunica pertenm 
laxa et pramolli indutum ; in crifpa hocce angujiius pyramidal um, et t 
Jlupaceo-textilibus involutum. Caulis teres gradlejcens, Jape nutnero ratntt* 
Jus. Corolla limbus Jere rotatus y perraro ima parte campunulato-vel turb ni~to- 
artlata, Jemel faciem prabens tantijpcr irregularem. Spatha ja r -M 
membranacea, tuboque multo brevior, bis terve majujcula pretenuis atqut 
Jcarioja. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA maculata; tubo capillari, limbo ex campanulato paten- 
tiflimo baG maculato, laciniis oblongiufculis, ttigmatibus 
ufque tubum divifis infra antheras recurvatis. G. 

0. amethyjVina. Scapo breviore, laciniis latioribus concavis. 



For a full account of the fynonyms of this very variable 
fpecies confult No. 549 of this work, where there is a fynop- 
tical view of the genus Ixia, fome of the feBions of which 
have fince been feparated into diftincl. genera ; fee Annals of 
Botany, vol. 1. p. 219. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's, 
Old-Erompton. flowers in June, and requires the fai» c 
treatment as the green variety. 



% _ 




N"J8g 



F,J,r.l.:: Tub.h TClirtUf. S*& 



X804-, F.SaJi/fn, s.-ulp 



C 79^ 3 
Hesperantha Radiata, var. y. Caricina. 
Carex-Leaved Hesperantha. 

# iMM »♦*»♦*»♦♦»♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character, 

Spatha 2-valvis, herbacea, majufcula, ovali-lanceolata, na- 
viculari convoluta. Cor. tubus furfum paulatim ampliatus : 
limbus 6 partitus, regularis, ferrae sequalis. Stig. 3, longa ef- 
fufa, ad tubum ufque diftincla. Cap/, oblonga, obtufe trigona, 
torulofa, membranacea. Sem. numerofa, fere fubbaccata, ru- 
gofa atque e rotundis angulata. G. 

Obs. Bulbo-fuber campanlformt indufiis am: Hum putam'tne'is mah 
coriaceo-kntis, modo ligneo-duris, quandoque ojjeis atque jugis ve?t:calibus 
angulatim percurjis. Flora vefperi explicare, mane iterum je claudere 
ceperunt, inverjo coordinatorum more, quas quoque perfequuntur vices in- 
fpattum plurimarum dierum. Stigmata longiora, graclllima y lineana t 
canaliculata, laxa atque effufe projecla. Antbera grandiores, leviter 
appicltz, interdum tremuh-incumbentes et verjatiies. Semina e minoribus. 
Folia baud raro plano-fijluhjay inde Jpeciem exbibentia crajfam, nunquam 
vera videntur teretia. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HESPERANTHA radiata; foliis fiftulofis, deorfum vagt- 
nanter teretibus, exinde compreflb planis 
linearibus, fpathis adpreflis, corollis cer- 
nuis : limbo retroflexo. G. 

IX I A radiata. Bot. Mag. 573, ubi fynonyma petenda. 

y. caricina. foliis anguftiflimis, fcapo capillari. G. 



In No. 549 of this work, we divided the genus Ixia into 
different feHions, from the 7th of which we have fince con- 
ftrufted this genus. Vide Annals of Botany, v. 1. p. 220 and 
224. 




Fffi 



Pui h GatC 



F76 



19' 




■ 



*&*£*"* M fubbvTr 



t n /bent .\r, . r i L ?/ 4 Fs ^ t 






C 79* ] 

Viola Cornuta. Horned-Violet. 
■ ♦ ♦♦♦ $ $ $ ♦ S ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ £ ♦ 

Pentandria Monogynia. 
Syngenesia Monogamia. JLwff. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phylIus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis, poftice cornuta. 
Cap/, fupera, 3-valvis, i-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

VIOLA cornuta; caule adfcendente trigono, foliis cordatis 
crenatis ne&ariis fubulatis calyce longioribus, petalo 
fupremo fubacuminato. Soland. MJf. 

VIOLA cornuta; caule elongato, foliis ovatis fubcordatis 
margine ciliatis, ftipulis oblongis pinnatifidis, nec- 
tariis fubulatis corolla longioribus. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 
1170. 

VIOLA caule elongato, foliis oblongo-ovatis, ftipulis pinnati- 
fidis, ne&ariis fubulatis corolla longioribus. Syji. 
Veg. ed. 13. p. 669. ed. 14. p. 803. Hort, Kew. 3. 
p. 292. 

VIOLA cornuta. Desfont. Atl. 2. p. 318. 

VIOLA pyrenaica longius caudata teucrii folio. Tourn. Inft, 
421. Rail Hiji. 3. p. 510. 

VIOLA foliis cordato-lanceolatis, ferratis, ftipulis lanceolatis 
acute dentatis, Hall. Heh, n. 570. 



The Viola cornuta is a native of Spain, and of Mount 
Atlas, near Belide, in Algiers. Introduced to the Royal 
Garden at Kew, in 1776, by Dr. Ortega ; and being a 
hardy herbaceous perennial, eafily propagated by its creeping 
roots, is now become very common in our gardens, of which 
it is no defpicable ornament, producing a profufion of bloom 
during the greateft part of the fummer. Will thrive without 
care in almoft any foil or fituation. We do not know that any 
figure has ever been publiftied of this fpecies, there is indeed 
a good engraving of it in the large collection known by the 

title 



title of Robert's Icones ; but this work has never been made 
public, only a few copies having been occafionally diftributed 
in prefents by the French government. To the older Botanifts 
it appears to have been but very little known, from the time 
of Tournefort, who firft mentions it. Ray appears to 
have had only a fmall fpecimen from Dr. Charles Preston, 
and even Haller had never feen it, in a living ftate, when 
he wrote his Hijloria Stirpium Helvetia, 

Befides the length of the fpur, which equals the petals, there 
is another character that might have given rife to the name of 
cornuta, or horned, but as it does not appear to have been 
noticed,^ it is moft probable that this name was applied on ac- 
count of the length of the fpur or nectarium only. We allude 
to the remarkable length of the fegments of the calyx which 
appear between the petals fomewhat like a pair of cow's horns, 
particularly the two lowermoft fegments, which are bent a 
little upwards, that is with refpect to the obferver, for with 
refpect to the flower they point downwards, this being refupinate 
or inverted ; a circumftance very neceflary to be attended to 
in reading the defcriptions of moft of the violets, otherwife 
the young Botanift is apt to be puzzled by finding what is 
defcribed as the uppermoft petal to appear to him to be the 
lowermoft. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton, 
of which this plant has long been an inhabitant. 



N"702 



79- 




$iEd*~l,Jd Tu], ty T.Girtir, Sf&« , Mr +, 



C 792 ] 

Colutea Galegifolia. Small-Leaved 
Bladder-Senna. 






■^r >,r Jpip ip 41 jp 7 »* TV '» r *P •P^F *r v V «P P* *F 

£&j/5 and Order. 

DlADELPHIA Df.CANDRIA. 

Generic Char a Her. 

Cal. campanulatus 5-fidus perfiftens. Stigma bine villofura. 
Legumen inflatum membranaceum polyfpermum. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

COLUTEA galegifolia ; caule fruticofo, foliolis ovalibus 

emarginatis novem-jugis, leguminibus longius 

pedicellatis. 
VICI A galegifolia ; pedunculis multifloris ereftis; floribus 

{triads ; foliolis ovalibus, fubtruncatis, reflexis. 

Bot. Repof. 139. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby, low, flexuofe, with herbaceous, an- 
gular branches. Stipules two, ovate, fmall, embracing the 
petiole, but diftinft from it. Peduncles from the axils of the 
petioles, longer than the leaves, bearing feveral fhewy flowers 
alternately on fhort, curved pedicles, each fupported by a 
fingle, fmall, ovate braft. Calyx campanulate, five-toothed, 
perfiftent : teeth wide at the bafe, acute, with white villous 
margins. Corolla large for the fize of the fhrub, fcarlet orange 
coloured. Vexillum orbicular, blunt pointed, fomewhat re- 
flecled, keeled at the bafe where it is marked with a yellow 
fpot. Ala (mailer than the keel. Carina of one petal, in- 
cluding the parts of fructification ; when folded, nearly femi- 
orbicular. Stamens diadelphous. Germen attenuated at both 
ends: ftyle attendant, hairy on the upper furface its whole 
length. Seed- Pod inflated, membranaceous, veined, oblong- 
oval, on a pedicle four times longer than the calyx, beaked. 

Seeds 



Seeds many, mining, kidney-maped, affixed to the upper 
future by pedicles of different lengths. 

Before we had an opportunity of feeing the feed veffel of 
this elegant little fhrub, we fulpe&ed it to be a Co lute a 
from its habit, ftipulation, and form of the calyx and corolla ; 
the inflated bladder-like pod leaves no room to doubt that 
it is really of this genus. 

It is a native of New South-Wales, from whence Mr. 
Colville received the feeds under the name of an Indigo- 
fera. It is a tolerably hardy greenhoufe fhrub, bloffoms 
freely, and produces feeds, from which only it has, we believe, 
been hitherto propagated. 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Colville and Son's, 
Nurferymen, of King's-Road, Chelfea, in Auguft 1803, where 
it is both in flower and fruit at the prelent time, October 15, 
1804. 



C 793 ] 

Stapelia Pedunculata. Long-Stalked 

Stapelia. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦*♦*!♦ ♦♦♦»»# 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Char abler. 
Contorta. NecJarium duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA pedunculata ; ramis pluribus divaricatis tetragonis 
fubdentatis, pedunculis longiffimis corolla quin- 
quefida : laciniis lanceolatis margine revolutis, 
angulis fimbriatis. Maff. Stap. n. 21. /. 2 v.. 

STAPELIA pedunculata. mild. Sp. PL 1. 1284. 



This very diftin6t fpecies of Stapelia may be at once known 
from all its congeners by the extraordinary length of the 
peduncles ; and even when out of flower the appearance of 
the branches is different from every other: the angles in thefe 
are fo obfcure as to render them almofl cylindrical, and the 
teeth refemble warty excrefcences, being nearly, and in many 
places entirely, obliterated. The peduncles are defcribed by 
Masson to grow, as in our drawing, from the underfide of 
the young branches, and we have never obierved them to de- 
viate from this fituation ; but in his figure they are made to 
ifl'ue from the upper furface, and the flowers in confequence 
to ftand ere£t. We have obferved a confiderable difference 
in the intenfity of the colour of the corolla, and Masson 
mentions two varieties, one with brown-purple, the other with 
yellowifh flowers. Found by this afliduous collector in the 
dry country at the Cape, about Camies Berg, and introduced 
by him to the Kew Garden, about the year 1784. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, the 
latter-end of laft June. Requires the fame treatment as the 
reft of the genus, and is by no means fo fliy of flowering as 
fame, of the fpecies, 



y*]Q3 




SydJEJ.a^M! Put h T Curtis 



7'// 



/ 

/ 







I *//>■/?.! 



[ 794 ] 
Cordia Sebestena. Rough-Leaved 

CORDIA, 

#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 

f>£NTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stylus dichotomus. Dntpa nuclcii 
fnlocularibus* 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

CORDIA Sebejiena ; foliis oblongo-ovatis repandis fcabris. 

Witld. Sp. PL 1. 1073. Haffelq. lU 458. Mart. 

MilL Dicl. n. 3. Bot. Rep. 1. 157. 
CORDIA foliis fubovatis fubrepandis. Jacq. Amer. 42. 
CORDIA nucis juglandis folio. Plum. Gen. ncv. 13. Ie. 

105. 
CORDIA foliis amplioribus, hirtis, tubo floris fubaequali. 

Brown Jam. 202. 
SEBESTENA fcabra, flore miniato crifpo. Dill, Elth. 341. 

t. 255. /. 331. 
CARYOPHYLLUS Ipurius inodorus. Shane Jam. 136. Hijl. 

2. p. 20. /. 64. Catrjb. Car. 2. p. 91. /. 91. 
NOVELLA nigra. Rumph. Amb. 2. p. 226. /. 75. Burm. 

Ind. 59. 
WANZEY. Bruce s Travels, 5. p. 54. cum tabula ? vix. 



It is not improbable but that more than one fpecies have 
been included in the above fynonyms, but we have not been 
able to diftinguifh them. The oriental plant, which is like- 
wife an inhabitant of the South-Sea Iflands, is every where 
defcribed as having yellow flowers and fmoother leaves, while 
that of the Welt-Indies, like ours, is always fpoken of as 
having fcarlet flowers. The leaves vary iq being more or lefs 

repand, 



t - 



repand, ferrated, or quite entire. An examination of feveral 
fpecimens from different countries, has not enabled us to find 
characters furfkiently permanent to diltinguifh them. The 
Weft-Indian variety, which ours is, is generally defcribed as a 
fhrub of (even or ten feet in height, producing great quantities 
of fine fcarlet flowers, which, according to Bkown, feldom 
bear perfect fruit in Jamaica ; but at Carthagena, Jacquin 
tells us, almoft every flower is fucceeded by fruit, which, 
if deprived of its pulp and dried in the fhade, may be 
tranfported in a vegetating flate to any part of the world, 
Thefe feeds, according to his obfervations, grow very readily, 
and at Vienna the young plants raifed from them frequently 
bear flowers the firft year. This being the cafe, it is furprifing 
that fo beautiful a fhrub mould be fo feldom feen to ornament 
our ftoves. The Sebeftenes of the fhops, long fince negle&ed 
in this country, though referred by Linnaeus to this plant, 
were more probably the product of Cordia Myxa. 

The Wanzey of Bruce, a native of Abyffinia, or at lead 
generally cultivated there, though given as a fynonym to this 
plant by Willdenow, can hardly belong to it. It is a much 
loftier tree, bearing fnow-white flowers, and in other refpecls 
differs fo materially that we conclude it mull be a diftinft 
fpecies. 

Our drawing was taken in July 1801, from a fine plant in 
the colle&ion of the Dowager' Lady De Clifford, at Pad- 
dington. It is propagated by cuttings with difficulty, but if 
care was taken to procure feeds from abroad, there would, 
according to Jacc^uin, be no difficulty in obtaining this very 
ornamental ihrub. 



C 795 ] 
Dianthus Caucaseus. Caucasean Pjnk. 

C7a/} rt«^ Order, 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler, 

Cat. cylindricus l-phyllus, baft fquamatus. Petala 5, unguf- 
culata. Gt£/I cylindrica, fupcra l-locularis. Smith, 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

DIANTHUS caucafeus \ floribus fubfolitariis, fquamis caly- 
cinis ovato-acuminatis adpreffis, petalis cunei- 
form: bus asqualiter incifo-ferratis, foliis glaucis 
margine fcabris. 



Desc. Root perennial. Plant glaucous. Stems affurgent 
at the bafe, then ere£r, round, fmooth, once or twice divari- 
cately divided, frequently bearing two flowers near, but not 
crowded, together. Internodes longer than the leaves, joints 
tumid, but much lefs fo than in collinus. Leaves linear, acute, 
keeled, margins fcabrous with minute fpines hardly vifible to 
the naked eye. Scales of the calyx four, ovate-acuminate, not 
half the length of calyx, adpreffed, not patent as in collinus. 
Calyx cylindrical, finely ftriated; teeth fhort, acute, connivent. 
Corolla fhewy bright red with a dark fpotted circle round the 
centre. Petals wedge-fhaped, deeply incifed, but the middle 
incifion not deeper than the reft ; the upper part of the claw 
raifed into a ridge in the middle and befet with a<few thinly 
fcattered hairs. Filaments ten, longer than calyx, inferted 
into a yellow glandular circle furrounding the germen : anthers 
blue. Germen cylindrical, flyles fcarcely equal to filaments. 

This new fpecies of Dianthus is a native of Mount Cau- 
cafus, from whence Mr. Loddiges, of Hackney, procured 
the feeds ; it has confiderable affinity with and appears to be 
intermediate between Dianthus collinus (Plant, rat: Hungari*} 
and defms of Dr. Smith, but is fufheiently diftinguifhed from 
both j from the former by the flowers being lefs aggregate, the 

glaucous 



glaucous hue of the whole plant, the fhorter fcales of the calyx, 
which are not fpreading, and the deeper incifions of the petals, 
(in collinus there is one deep incifion in the middle of the petal 
and feveral fmaller ones on the fides) from the latter, on the 
other hand, in having its {talks more divided, its leaves and ca- 
lycine fcales lefs blunt, the petals more deeply incifed and not 
doubly-ferrate. In the Bankuan Herbarium there is a fpe- 
cimen from Swifierland, without name, very nearly relembling 
this, but the leaves in that have fmooth edges and are not fo 
ftrongly keeled. It may be confidered as hardy, but will be 
more certainly preserved by the fhelter of a pit or frame. 

Propagated by feeds or layers in the fame manner as com«< 
mon Pinks. Flowers in July and Auguft. 



arjft 




•iU fuhhlfurt,, *6a.Crtf m tJ) m . 1M <, 4 f, w „„, 



C 79^ 3 

Protea Pulchella. Fennel-Leaved 
Protea. 

4 »»»»»» ft »»*♦»»» +*# 

Oafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohaerentibus). 
Anther <e infer tae petalis infra apicem. Sent, 1, fuperum nudum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PROTEA -pulchella ; foliis bipinnatis filiformibus : pinnulis 

inaequalibus divaricatis, capitulo fquamofo oblongo 

tejrrninali fimplici vel compofito. 
PROTEA pulchella j foliis bipinnatis glabris filiformibus, ca- 

pitulis terminalibus clavatis aggregatis aphyllis 

brafteatis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 507. 
PROTEA puhhella 2 foliis bipinnatis filiformibus glabris, ftro- 

bilis ovato-oblongis terminalibus verticillatis •. 

fquamis calycinis fericeis apicula reflexa terminals. 

Schrad. Sert. Hannov. 1. p. 15. t. 7. 
PROTEA rangiferina. Hortulanis. 



Descr, Stem fhrubby, ereQ. Leaves alternate, filiform, 
twice or three times irregularly pinnate : leaflets unequal, di- 
varicate when full grown, and not very unaptly refembling the 
antlers of the rein-deer, whence it has been known by the 
name of rangiferina among cultivators. Flowers collected into 
an oblong-ovate cone, terminal *. Bracles obcordate-acuminate, 
quite entire, imbricate, one to each corolla. Corolla four- 
petaled : petals equal, adhering half-way in a tube, but fepa- 
rating fpontaneoufly when they fall off. Anthers oblong, 

* In Schrader's figure at the bafe of the central cone, which is feflile as in 
our plant, there grow feveral fmaller club-fhaped cones (landing in a whorl 
fupported on footftalks thickened upwards ; but whether this is natural to the 
plant when it flowers ftrong, or a fort of monftrofity, we are uncertain. 

attached 



attached without filament a little below the tip of the petal, as 
in the reft of the genus. Ovary furrounded with a white 
hairy pappus, oblong, thickened at the bale, and gradually 
tapering upwards till it terminates in a Style that is longer than 
the corolla, recurved, but after dellorelcence ereel : Stigma 
club-fhaped, hifpid, pcrfiftent. 

There is a very near affinity between this fpec'es and Protea 
anemonifolra, No. 697 of this work, and both arc natives of 
New Holland. 

Raifed from feeds by Meffrs. Napier and Chandler, 
"Wandfworth-Road, who communicated a flowering plant from 
which our drawing was taken in Auguft iaft. Requires the 
fhelter of a greenhoufe, and the fame treatment as the Cape 
fpecies. 



N °?9) 




SjlZLv+u Pui by TG4rte.J*G*> t tfcetti VecJL Mr./ 



-C- ' J an/<'m sculp 



C 797 ] 

Nympilea Lotus. ^Egyptian Water- 
Lily, or Lotus. 

Clafs and Order* 

PoLYAN-DRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic CbaracJer, 

Cor. polypetala. Cal. 4- f. 5-phyllus. Bacca multilocularis, 
loculis polyfpermis. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms. 

NYMPHjEA Lotus ; foliis cordatis dentatis glaberrimis : 

lobis approximate, calyce tetraphyllo. Willd. 

Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 11 23. 
NYMPHjEA Lotus ; foliis cordatis dentatis, Linn. Sp. PL 

729. Reich. 2. p. 579. Flor. Zeylan. 194. 

Haffelq. It. 471. Plant. Rar. Hung. v. 1. p. 13. 

/. 15. Bot. Repof. 391. 
LOTUS jEgyptia. Alp. Mgyp. 103. Exot. 214. /. 213, 216, 

218, 220, 222, 226. 
AMBEL, Hort. Malab. 11. ;>. 51. /. 26. 



There is no doubt but that the plant here figured is the true 
^Egyptian Lotus of the ancients, at lead when they fpeak of 
the herb Lotus, but the tree Lotus has no fort of affinity with, 
this, which was held in fuch great veneration by the ./Egyptians 
and is frequently fecn rudely fculptured on their idols. The 
fame reverence for this vegetable, an inhabitant of the Ganges 
as well as of the Nile, pervades Hindoftan, Tibet, and Nepal ; 
a native of the latter country, upon entering Sir William 
Jones's ftudy, made proftrations before this plant, the flowers 
of which happened to lie there for examination. 

That the ^Egyptians prepared a kind of bread from the 
feed ana 1 likewife fed upon its tuberous roots, is fufficiently 

certain ; 



certain ; it is probable however that it owed its celebrity 
more to the veneration in which it was held on account of 
the typical and allegorical life made of it than to its excellence 
as an article of diet. In Hungary the roots, though not ap- 
plied to the nounfhment of man, are greedily devoured by 
the fwine. Perhaps the feeds and roots of ouv own white 
water Lily are little if at all inferior. The account recorded 
by Pliny of the' flowers retiring under the water during the 
night, fo far as to be out of reach of the hand, we conclude 
to be one of the idle (lories with which travellers are pleafed 
to amufe the credulous. 

Our plant is doubtlefs of the fame fpecies as the one which 
flowered at the Marquis of Bland ford's laft fummer, which 
gave occafion to a learned difcuffion on the fubjeci from the 
pen of that nobleman, whofe ardour in botanical purfuits gives 
him a juft claim to have a genus named after him ; and it 
is with pleafure we hear that this honour has been conferred 
by the Preiident of the Linnean Society. We fuppofe, but 
this is not mentioned in his account, that the Marquis's plant 
was produced from ^Egyptian feeds ; ours we received from 
that venerable and indefatigable cultivator Mr. Loddiges, of 
Hackney, who raifed it from feeds he procured from the 
hot fprings in Hungary, where this Nymphzea flourifhes in a 
heat equal to 95 of Farenheit. It was fown laft fpring in 
a pan of water plunged into a tan pit under a melon frame, 
and our drawing was taken in September. The firft leaves are 
arrow-fhaped, entire at the edges, and totally different from 
thofe which accompany the flowering plant. 

The flowers were fomewhat fweet-fcented, but neither fo 
ftrong nor fo agreeable as thofe of Nymph ,ea carnlea. The 
Marquis remarks that they open in the evening and clofe 
about ten in the morning, and the like was obferved at Kew 
in apparently the fame Ipecies, which bloflbmed there laft 
fummer and was raifed from Eaft-Indian feeds fent by Dr. 
Roxburgh, but this circumftance certainly did not take place 
in the one we had, whilft it was in our poffeflion, and expofed 
to the temperature of the atmofphere. 

The form of the ftigma, fo variable in this genus, perhaps 
affords the beft characters to diftinguifh the fpecies ; in ours 
this is a large cup-like depreflion in the crown of the germen, 
in the centre of the cup is a round button from which di- 
verge about twenty rays, correfponding to the number of cells 
within, thefe rays are not very vifible till they approach the 
margin of the cup where they are elevated, and have incurved 
tips. 







\ylEj**r£U 



u-tis, S?£#,.- Crcjcenb $m.2.2aa$ zs 



;/.„. r.ufy 



C 798 ] 

LlLIUM POMPONIUM (/3). POMPONE LlLY (£). 
♦ M ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ 

C/tf/i <2»i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. campanulata, laciniis reftis aut revolutis, bad conni- 
ventibus et fulco longitudinali nc&arifero, nudo aut ciliato, 
cxaratis. St am. ttylo brcviora. Cap/, obionga, 6-fulcata, 3-gona. 
Sem. plana. Juss. 

Obs. Radlce fquamalo-bulbofa. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

LILIUM pomponium foliis lanceolato-linearibus, glaberrimis, 

undique nudis, creberrimis, fparfis, caulein, qui 

flores verfus nudiufculus, obveltientibus; corolla; 

laciniis revoluto-reflexis intulque laminato-papil- 

lofis. G. 
LILIUM pomponium. Linn. Sp. 434. Reich. 2. 44. Hort. 

Cliff. 120. 4. Up/. 81. Mill. fig. \6$. f 2. Kniph. 

Cent. 2. 40. Knor. Del. 1. /. 4. Lam. Encyc. 3. p. 

514. Villars Dauph. 2. 276. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 8. 

Mart. Mill. DieJ. 
LILIUM pyrenaicum. Gouan. lllujl. Bot. 25. 
LILIUM Havum. FL Fr. 8. 66. 7. 
LILIUM flavum anguftifolium. Tournef. 371. 
(«) LILIUM rubrum praecox. Cluf. Hijl. 1. p. 133. Hort, 

Eyfi. PL JEftiv. Ord. 3. 
LILIUM rubrum anguftifolium. Rudb. Elyf.f. 1. 175. 
LILIUM miniatum odorum anguftifolium. id. eod.f. 2. 176. 

IVcinm. Phyt. t. 660. a. 
(/3) LILIUM raonianum flavo flore. Cluf. Hijl. 2. p. 255. 

Hort. Eyft. PL JEftiv. Ord. 3. /. penult. 
LILIUM flavum anguftifolium. Rudb. Ely/, f. 4. 176. 

Obs. Planta pro Lilio pomponlo a Redoute in Juts Liliaceis 
exhibita eft LlLIUM chalcedoukum quod vid-Jufra ad N um - 30. 

This fpecies may be diftinguifhed from chalcedonicum by its 
narrower far-acuminate leaves, which are not lanceolate nor 

fo 



fo confpicuoufly edged as in that, the middle nerve of the 
upper ones of which, as well as the edges, have minute cilia or 
a glandular hair-like fringe, they alfo cover the ftpnj quite up 
to the raceme, where they are fubverticillately crowded, clofely 
adpreffed, and very fhort ; while in powponuim. the upper part 
of the Item is rather naked and generally elongated into the 
common peduncle of the raceme, the upper leaves are not fo 
abruptly fhortened nor any ways adprefTed, nor has their middle 
nerve any kind of pubefcence on the lower fide; befides the 
glandular papillae, which in our plant are laminate, in chalce- 
donicum are filiformly elongated ; that is the (irft. to make its 
appearance from the ground in the fpring, but this is the firft 
to expand its flowers. Redopte has miftaken the one for 
the other in his Li'liacees, and figured chalcedonicum under 
the name of pomponium. Lilium Mart agon is eafily diftin- 
guifhed from both by its broader lanceolate leaves, which are 
arranged in diflant whorls. 

A native of the Pyrenees and, according to Villars, of 
Dauphiny, flowering in May and June. Hardy ; of molt 
eafy culture. Varies with red and yellow flowers, with many 
flowered and few flowered racemes, fome of which are fo 
much contracted as to have the appearance of an umbel ; 
fometimes it is only one or two- flowered. Generally propa- 
gated by parting the fcaly bulbs. # Onc of the oldelt inhabitants 
of our gardens. The Siberian plant of Gmelin, ufually added 
to this as a fynonym, feems to us to be fpecifically diflincl, as 
far as we can judge from a native fpecimen in the Bankfian 
Herbarium. There are fpecimens of this plant with very 
narrow leaves and thirteen or fourteen flowers, but we do not 
think them fpecifically diftinft. G. 







mtDeclMOi. f.Smy 



C 799 ] 

ASPHODELUS RAMOSUS. BRANCHED ASPHO- 
DEL, Or KlNGSPEAR. 

4Hk iJMfr* %• * £ # -*- &- * # JjHfr #♦ $■ 

C/ii/} tf/fi Order. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. patens. St am. filamentis bafi latioribus fornicatis.. 
Sligm. 1. Sem. angulata. Juss. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ASPHODELUS ramofus caule nudo ratnofo, pedunculis al- 
ternis bra&ea longioribus, foliis enfiformibus 
carinatis lcevibus. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 133. 

ASPHODELUS ramofus. Linn. Sp. 444. S\fl. 330. Reich. 2. 
60. Mat. Med. 94. Hort. Cliff. 127. 2. 
Sauv. Monfp. 20. Scop. Cam. 2. n. 412. ViU. 
Dauph. 2. 265. Murr. in Comm. Gott. 1776. 
37. /. 7. Hort. Kcw. 1. 446. Mart. Mill, 
Dic7. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 133. 

ASPHODELUS major albus. Hort. Eyft. Plant. Vern. Ord.g. 

ASPHODELUS albus ramofus. Weinm. Pbvt. t. x%±. a. 

ASPHODELUS ramofus mas. Bauh. Pin. 28. 

ASPHODELUS 1. 67///. Hi/1. 1. 196. 

The great white branched Afphodill. Park. Parad. 149. 



The white or branched Afphodel has roots compofed of 
many thick flefhy fibres, to each of which is fattened an ob- 
long tuber, as large as a fmall potatoe ; the leaves are long and 
flexible, having acute edges, they grow in irregular clutters 
from the crown of the root, among thefe come out the (talks, 
which rife more than three feet high, fending out feveral fide 
branches, which are naked ; the upper parts of thefe are 
adorned with many ttar fhaped flowers, which are white with 
a purplifli line running longitudinally along the outfide of each 

fegmem. 



fegment. They grow in long fpikes, flowering fucceflively 
from the bottom upwards. They appear the beginning of June 
and the feeds ripen in autumn. Native of the South of Europe. 
Immenfe tracts of land in Apulia are covered with it, and it 
affords good nourishment to the fheep. Cultivated in 1596, 
by Gerard. Hardy. It does not increafe very fart by 
roots, nor fhould it be often tranfplanted, for that will weaken 
it, fo that the flower Items will not rife fo tall, nor produce fo 
many flowers, as when left undilturbed for foine years; there- 
fore the belt way is to propagate it bv feeds. Mart. Mill. 
Ditt. Clusius fays, that on his way from Lifbon to Seville, 
he faw roots turned up by the plough of fifty pounds weight 
and upwards. G. 



ERRATA. 

No. 787. 1. 16. dele " perraro." 
Eod. 1. 26. pro pulTtda lege pallida. 



¥°S00 




Tnhfn TCurh > I>„ im i ¥S*&«* 



n/trm sculp 



[ 8oo ] 
Lilium Canadense (a). Canadian Lily (a). 

# ♦♦%#♦♦ #*■*"* ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ^5- 

Oafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. campanulata laciniis re£tis aut revolutis, bafi conni- 
ventibus et fulco longitudinali ne&arifero, nudo aut ciliato 
exaratis. Stam. ftylo breviora. Cap/, oblonga 6-fulcata 3- 
gona. Sem. plana. Juss. 

Obs. Radieefquamato-bulbofa. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LILIUM canadenfe caule virefcente, foliis lanceolatis, triner- 

viis, fubtusad nervos hirtulis, remotius verticillatis ; 

umbella l-multiflora; corollis cernuis, cyathiformi- 

campanulatis. G. 
LILIUM canadenfe. Linn. 324. Reich. 245. Mant. 364. 

Hort. Kew. 1. 431. Mart. Mill. Did. Willd. Sp. 

PI. 2. 89. Michaux Amer. Bor. 1. 197. 
LILIUM anguftifolhim, flore flavo maculis nigris diftinfto. 

Tourmef. Inft. 371. Bar. rar. 778. /. 125. 
LILIUM martagon canadenfe maculatum. Mor. Hi/I. 2. 408. 

/. 4. /. 20. /. 9. Rudb. Elyf 1. 177. / 5. 
LILIUM f. Martagon canadenfe floribus magnis flavls non 

reflexis. Catejb. Car. 3. t. 11. Rob. 1c. 206. 
MARTAGON f. Lilium canadenfe maculatum. Park. Par. 

,. % ; 33- '• 32./. 2. 

(*) flore flavo. 

(|3) flore lateritio-fufcefcente. 

This may at once be<iiftinguifhcd from hiLiuufuperbnm 
by the fegments of the corolla not being rolled back, as well 
as by the broader lanceolate leaves, which are arranged in 
more diftant and regular whorls, and are fomewhat pubefcent 
underneath along the nerves, which is not the cafe in fuperbiim, 
the item of which is alfo of a dark purple colour, while that 
of canadenfe is green. There are two varieties, one of a yellow, 

the 



the other of a deep red-brown colour ; it alfo varies with from 
one to twelve flowers. Is faid by Parkinson to have been 
brought by the French colony from Canada into France, and 
from thence to us in 1629. Catesby found it in Penfyl- 
vania, and Mich au*x in the Alleghany mountains of Carolina 
and Virginia. Flowers in July and Auguft ; mould as well 
as fuperbum be kept in bog-earth in a fomewhat fhady 
and moift fituation ; is tolerably hardy and propagates abun- 
dantly by its bulbs, which are of a creeping nature ; in very 
fevere winters theie are fometimes deftroyed, unlefs protected 
by a covering of afhes or old tan. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton f 
from a fpecimen of the more rare and lefs beautiful variety 
which had blown rather weakly from being planted in too 
fmall a pot. G. 







-Pid, h WCurUr.&^CrjientDecf. tffOO F.S*fi*s~$ 



C 801 ] 

BlLLARDIERA SCANDENS. CLIMBING BlL- 
LARDIERA, Or APPLE-BERRY. 

Iit»4t^ ♦♦♦»♦♦*♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia* 

Generic Characler. 

Petala 5, foliolis calycinis alterna. NecJarium o. Stigma 
capitatum (fimplex Smith). Bacca fupera polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

BlLLARDIERA fcandens ; pedunculis folitariis unifloris, 
foliis fubhirfutis. Smith New Ho//. Rot. p. 
1. t. 1. 



The name of Billardiera was given to this plant by Dr. 
Smith, in honour of James Julian Labillardiere, M. D. 
foreign member of the Linnean Society, author of Icones 
Plantarum Syriae rariorum, who failed as Botanift on board 
one of the (hips fent to the South-Seas in fearch of the un- 
fortunate M. De La Peyrouse, of which voyage he has fi nee 
publifhed a relation. 

It is a native of New South- Wales, and is faid by Dr. 
Smith to be almoft the only eatable fruit that grows fpon- 
taneoufly in that country, fo famous for feafting the eye of the 
Botanift. 

"With us it forms a very low fhrub with varioufly twifted 
branches, but when growing in its native country fhaded by 
other fhrubs, along the trunks of which its branches can twine, 
it undoubtedly afcends much higher. 

In the form of the flower and more efpecially in the length 
of the peduncles, our plant differs from the figure given us 

by 



by Dr. Smith, quoted above, a circumftance perhaps to be 
attributed to his drawing being made from a dried fpecimen. 
Ours was taken feveral years fince at Mr. Salisbury's, 
Nurferyman, the Botanic Garden, Brompton, where this plant 
is ftill to be found, bearing flowers and fruit every year; the 
latter recommends itfelf little by its tafte, which is flat and 
mawkifh, but in its native fuuation is faid to be pleafant 
and not unlike a roafted apple. 

Flowers in the fummer months. Is a hardy greenhoufe 
plant } eafily propagated by cuttings or feeds. 



[ 802 ] 

Aloe Cymbiformis. Tender-Leaved 

Aloe. 

♦ Mi* ♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 765. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE cymbiformis (acatdis ; parviflora ; brevifolia) foliis fub 
rofaceo-multifariis, elliptico-obovatis cum acumine, 
depreffis, fubtus carinato-convexis, integerrimis, nudis, • 
teneris, fucculentis ; corolla fubventricofo-cylindrica, 
recurvato-bilabiata, pedicello et organis ter longiore. 
Stigmate fubfcflili, fubtrigono-capitato. G. 

ALOE cymbiformis. Haworth on Aloe. Linn. Tranf. v. 7. p- 8. 
n. 10. 



This very diftinft fpecies of Aloe was, we believe, fkft 
noticed by Mr. Hatvorth, in the tra£l above quoted; where 
it is faid to have been introduced from the Cape of Good Hope, 
by Mr. Masson, and, as we fuppofe, fome years back, being 
now pretty common in our collections ; requires tte fam e 
treatment as Aloe retufa of No. 455 of this work, to which it 
approaches the neareft of any of the genus known to us. Its 
name (with rather too much latitude by the way) is taken from 
the leaves. The raceme is many-flowered and diftant ; the 
corolla afccndent and fix-parted quite to the bafe into narrow, 
lorate, fomewhat tapered, obtufe fegments ; ftyle fcarcely any; 
braftes far longer than the pedicles and nearly equal to the 
corolla ; leaves fcarcely two inches long and feveral times 
ihorter than the fcape ; the other diainBive charaaeriftics are 
fully given in the fpecific character. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in MelTrs. Malcolm 
and Co.'s grcenhoufe at Kenfington. G. 



N°&?2 




1 Lurii.- Jr I 






C 803 ] 

Helonias Ljeta. Channel-Leaved 
Helonias. 

■#•*# »$♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Charatlcr. — Vide N* m - 747. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS lata racemo fpicatim corymbofo, oblongo, 
conferto, pedicellis unifloris, polt deflorationera 
virefcente; foliis bifariis, fubgramineis, lato- 
fubulatis, convoluto-canaliculatis, longis ; cau- 
linis valde remotis. G. 

HELONIAS erythrofperma. Michaux Fl. Amer. Bor. 1. 212. 

MELANTHIUM latum. Hort. Kra. u 488. Mart. Mill* 
Ditl. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 267. 



The above plant, although introduced into our gardens 
by Lord Coventry fo long ago as 1770, has never yet been 
figured in any work known to us. It is a native of North- 
America, and found by Michaux on the fhady rivers of 
lower Carolina; is diftinguiftied at firft fight from bullata and 
afphodehides already given in this work, by the pofition and 
form of the leaves, and from virginica, in not having the in- 
florefccnce panicled or compound. The flowers as they wither 
become greenifh, and remain a confiderable time on the plant 
in that Hate, much in the manner of thofe of Hydrangea 
hortenfis. 

It blooms in June, and is generally kept in a pit or under a 
frame during the winter months. We fufpeft that the Hfc- 
LONi as angujlifolia of Michaux is a mere variety of this. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in the garden of 
Meffrs. Malcolm rfnd Co. Kenfmgton. G. 




mm 



Syi.EJwarJ, M. Pub h T. 'Curtu : J' '(r et> Cn-lrent Jan .1 mS 7J~£m smif 






[ 8o 4 ] 

Albuca Major. Larger Albuca. 

■ »»»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ » 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 720. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA major foliis lato-fubulatis, canaliculars, firmulis 
pedunculis firmioribus, patenribus. G. Cetera 
AiBUCJE minoris, N'- 720, aqua*gre dijlinguenda 
nifi jlatura robujiiore bulboque fobolium nonnibil 
feraciore. 

ALBUCA major. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. p. 438. Dryand. Acl. 
Holm. 1784. p. 293. ^hunb. ibid. 1786. p. 57- prod. 
65. Mart. Mill. Dicl. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 99. Jacq. 
ic. rar. 2. /. 443. Col. Suppl. 96. Redouli Lil- t. 69 

ALBUCA lutea (a). Lamarck Dicl. Encyc. 1. 76. 

ORNITHOGALUM canadenfe. Sp. PI. 1. p. 308. 

GRNITHOGALUM luteo-virensindicum. Com. Canad. 160. 
Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 140./. 7. Mor. Hijl. 2. p. 4 2 3« 
/ 4. /. 24. /. 7. 

Scarcely to be diftinguifhed from minor but by its more 
robuft Mature and upright growth, as alfo perhaps by a bulb 
more apt to produce numerous offsets and fomcwhat fmaller 
in proportion to the plant than that of minor ; hence we may 
refer our readers to the defcription of that fpecies given p. 720. 
Our plant was formerly thought to be of Canadian origin, 
but is now well known to be a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope; was introduced here by Mr. William Malcolm, in 
1767. Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden, Brompton. G. 



CORRIGENDUM. 

In chara&ere fpecifico Albuca m'tnorh, N° 720, pro '* Stigmatibns trig**** 
*' obconicis, aaitis, patiULfi-hirtis," lege *' Stylo trigona.obcvmca j>apillojo-ba^ > 
" Jligmaie Jubumbcr.tfu mi." G, 



N°<$04 




TCurtu.StGec Crejrent fan l.ja 



C 8o 5 ] 

Ornithogalum Caudatum. Long-Spiked 

Star of Bethlehem. 
t 

G7<j/i d«J Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaraHer. — ?3& O as. in Scilla ^//o/w fupra 746. 

Specific Cbaraf/er and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM caudatum bulbo magno ovato, extra 

terram prominente, virefcente; foliis 
lato-linearibus, acuminatis, fenioribus 
nonnullis longius tereti-caudatis atque 
reflexis ; raccmo longiflimo, crebro, 
angufto ; ftaminibus tribus latioribus 
ovato - cuneiformibus j ftigmate fim* 
plici. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM caudatum. Hort. Kew. 1. 442. Mart, 

Mill. DicJ. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 423. 
Coll. 2. 315. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 125. 

This is the largeft fpecies that we are acquainted with ; the 
bulb, which is chiefly above ground and greenifh, is fome- 
times the fize of a child's head ; the leaves about a foot and 
half in length, about inch and half broad, [lightly channelled, 
older ones terminated by a round thickifh tail or cufpis from 
one to fix inches in length, the one figured in our plate is 
young and without this appendage ; the Item is nearly three 
feet high, the raceme nearly one and a half and about two 
inches in diameter j peduncles fparfe, patent, about an inch 
long; braftes membranous, whitifh ; corolla fmall in propor- 
tion to the plant, rotate ; fegments fomewhat thickened at the 
ends, lanceolate, oblong, patent, about half an inch long, the 
three inner ones have their ends Highly involute ; filaments 
erecl, broad downwards, the three alternate ones which ftand 
on the exterior fegments are firft oblong and then awled, the 
three others ovate-wedged and pointed; ftyle the length of 
the filaments ; ftigmafimple. The flowers are faid by Jacquin 
to fmell like plums; blooms from February to Auguft ; pro- 
pagates rapidly by offsets and fhould be kept in a greenhoufe; 
there is a variety with variegated leaves which is very com- 
mon among the Nurferymen about town. Brought from the 
Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. Masson, in 1774, where it W 
found near Sea-Cow River, generally growing on old flumps 
of trees that are full of mould and rotten wood. G. 



fiVj 



'ir 





N r m 



VI M M i'nb h I ( 'urtif. , V Gee; CrtfotU , Tan uses TSS*m M 



[ 806 3 

Tulbagia Alliacea. Narcissus-Leaved 

tulbagia. 

Oafs and Order* 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cor. infundibuliformts, limbo sequali ; fquamulze 3, bifidae, 
faucem coronantes. Stam. 3 in fauce, 3 intra tubum* Stigma 
turbinatum. Cap/, fubtrigonum. Jujf. Gen. 54. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

TULBAGIA alliacea collo in coronam corollacearn, fexfidam, 
laciniis extimis aequalem produ&o. G, 

TULBAGIA alliacea. Linn. Sup pi 193. Hort. Keiv. 1. p. 408. 
^hunb. prod. 60 JVilla. Sp. PL 2. 33. 

TULBAGIA capevfis. Man/. 223. Jacq. Hort. Vtndb. 2* p* 52. 
/. 115. 



Tbis Gngular plant, which, according to Jacquin, unites 
the habit of Allium with coroll§ of Hyacinthus and the 
toothed corol let of Silene, is not uncommon in low (andy 
fpots near the town at the Cape of Good Hope, where it 
dowers about July ; is called by the colonifts wilde knop/ook, 
1. e. wild Garlic, and ufed by them, when ftewed in milk, for 
diforders of the brent 

Hootp'k foboliferous, fubbulbicipitous, in form fubftance 
and colour not unlike a turnip- radifh, throwing out from its 
bafe a circle of flefhy fibres, and from the centre of its depref- 
fea fummit a fafcicle of numerous diftich leaves, which are lorate- 
linear, channelled, obtufe, glaucous ; towards their bafe con- 
duplicate and fubbulbiform in the manner of a fmall leek; 
from the midft of thefe iflues its roundifh upright/rtf/)*? to the 
height of about two feet, terminating in a loofe umbel, furrounded 

by 



x?$a 




£JJSJ*sn&Jd. Tub ly T Curtis, Jf&V. CrtfctntJtui.i.lWS T.S^n/l™ fcuif- 



C 8o 7 ] 

sllene chlor^folia. armenian" 
Catchfly. 

fr » ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦ S 

Clafs and Order. 

Decandria Trigynia. 

/• 

Generic Cbarafier. 

Cat. ventricofus. Petala 5 unguiculata ; coronata ad fauccm. 
Cap/, trilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SILENE chlor<efolia ; calycibus glabris clavatis, petalis femi- 
bifidis, foliis glaucis : inferioribus ovalibus, fummil 
cordatis amplexicaulibus. Smith Icon i.t. 13. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 707. 

LYCHNIS orientalis vifcofa, centaurei lutei folio, flore lon- 
giffimo. Tournef. Cor. 24. 



We are indebted to Mr. Loddic-es, of Hackney, for the 
living plant, from which our drawing was made, of this rare 
fpecies of Silene, hitherto known to modern Botanifts only by 
the defcription and figure of it by the learned prefident of the 
Linnean Society, as above quoted. 

To the defcription there given we have nothing to add, but 
to confirm what is there only fufpefted, that the root is per- 
ennial. The name itfelf is i'o particularly happy, that from it 
alone we at firft fight immediately recognized the plant. 

Flowers in Augufl. Scentlcfs. 




N c m 



SUSAvj,^ Pub. by J "Curbs ,|V ., /' r *. r 

^/ j: t -urns, o &&?. ( re/cent JandJJOS. FSa 



ij.m <tcab 



[ 8o8 ] 

Salvia Cham^drioides. Germander 

Sage. 

Oafs and Order, 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. inaeqaalis. Tilamenta tranfverfe pediccllo affixa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

SALVIA chatmedrioides ; caule fruticofo decumbente, foliis 
ovalibus crenatis fubtus tomentofis, verticillis qua- 
drifloris fubnudis, galeis pilofis. 

SALVIA cbamtedrioides ; caule decumbente, foliis ovatis 
crenatis fubtus tomentofis. Cav. Ic. 2. p. 77. /. 

SALVIA Chamadrys ; foliis ellipticis crenatis fubtus incanis, 
fpicis interruptis, caule fruticofo. IVilld. Hort, 
BeroL 29. 



The Salvia Chamadrys of Willdenow differs from the 
cham<edroides of Cavanilles in nothing but being inferior in 
fize, in the flowers being oppofite, not four in a whorl, and in 
the bra&es being perfiftent; whereas in our plant as in that of 
Cavanilles the fe fall off before the bloflom is expanded. 
It appears by the figure in the Hortus B> ro'inenjis, that 
Willdenow's plant was very weakly, which has probably 
been the caufe of the above differences ; ours in every rejpeci 
correfponds with that of Cavanilles, from whom we learn 
that it is a native of Mexicu. 

It 



It is an elegant little fhrub, producing for a long time in 
fucceflion its large flowers of the livelieft blue colour. The 
item is weak and requires fupport. The whole plant has a 
powerful and not difagreeable fmell. Requires the fhelter of 
a greenhoufe, but fhould have plenty of air. Propagated by 
cuttings. 

Our drawing was made at the collection of E. J. A. Wood- 
jord, Efq. at Vauxhall, in July laft. 




btZJ^+tl Tub by TCurti. 



f, StGee. fnfrrnt , Tan 1 i<ws IS** 



[ 809 ] 

Malpighia Volubilis. Twining 
Barbadoes-Cherry. 

Clqfs and Order, 
Decandria T^igynia. 



Generic Charafier. 

Col. 5-phyllus petiolis quibufdam extus bafi glandulofis, 
Petala 5, fubrotunda unguiculata. Filamenta bafi cohasrentia, 
Drupa i-locularis tripyrena, nucibus l-fperrais. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

MALPIGHIA volubilis ; ramis volubilibus, foliis ovalibus 
acuminatis lucidis, raccrais corymbofis ter> 
minalibus. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby ; branches twining; the bark, ex- 
cept of the young (hoots, covered with warty excrefcences and 
fcme adprefled briftles hardly vifible to the naked eye. 
Leaves oval-acuminate, perfectly fmooth and mining, hanging 
down from the weaknefs of the footftalk which is flauifh and 
befet with adprefled briftles. Flowers chiefly terminal, on 
corymbous racemes from the axil of the leaves, and much 
ftorter than thefe, yellow, of very fhort duration. Calyx 
perfiftent, divided to the bottom into five ovate flefhy feg- 
ments, four of which are furnifhed each with two oval 
gibbous green glands nearly as long as the calyx. Petals five : 
claws long and (lender : laminae roundifh, jagged at the edges, 
fomewhat fagittate at the bafe. Stamens ten, filaments ereft, 
united at the bafe, longer than ftyles, inferted into the re- 
ceptacle at the bafe of the germen, which is fmall, roundifh, 
pointed, hairy, terminated in three erect ftyles with round 
ft'gmas. 

♦ This 



This fhrub is known in our nurferies hy the name of 
Hirjea redinata^ but does not at all correfpond with the 
character of that plant in Jacquin's Ht'ftoria Stirpium Ameri- 
canarum. Indeed, the above defcription will determine it to 
be a real fpecies of Malpighia, as far as can be done without 
the fruit ; perhaps it may be Malpighia dipbilla of J acq u in, 
but his defcription is too fhort to determine. Is a native of 
the Weft-Indies, requiring the heat of a ftove. 

Our drawing was taken in the garden of Jos. Walker, 
JLfcj. pf Stockwell, in September laft. Propagated by cuttings, 




• bljgjm^, JM /f;,-/, }) y Tj 



W&t t \f*6eo;Crifc*ritM Ud,V. TS^Jlm ^A 



[ 8io ] 
Cassia Biflora. Two-Flowered Cassia. 

> $ $ » 4f * ♦ ♦ ♦ » ♦ ♦»#% i j t » » ft 

C/f?/} <7«^ Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. /Vta/a 5. Anther* fupremae 3 fteriles ; in* 
fimae 3 roftratae. Legumen. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CASSIA biflora-y foliis fejugis oblongiufculis glabris : infe- 

rioribus minoribus, glandula fubulata inter infima, 

pedicellis fubbifloris. Hort. Cliff' t^g. Sp. PL 540. 

IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 521. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 51. Mart, 

Mill. Dicl. a. 18. 
CASSIA lifiora. Am<en. Acad. 5. p. 397. 
CASSIA fruticofa, foliis minoribus obovatis fexjugatis, flo- 

ribus geminis five bigeminatis, racemis alaribus. 

Brown Jam. 223. 
CASSIA minor arborefcens, filiquis planis articulatis. Plum, 

Icon. p. 69. /. 78.^ 1. 



This fpecies of Caffia, being a native of the Weft-India Iflands, 
is always kept in the ftove, where it forms a pretty little fhrub as 
long as it can be preferved in health ; but moft of the tropical 
fpecies of this genus are but fhort-lived with us. Perhaps 
this may be owing in part to our keeping them too warm. To 
. J u dge of the temperature moft fuitable to any plant, the lati- 
tude of its native country is not more neceffary to be known, 
than the elevation above the fea: at a certain height, even under 
the equator, regions of perpetual fnow occur, and the nearer 

the 



the natural fituation of any plant approaches to thefe the more 
impatient of heat and clole air it will be found to be : thofe 
therefore who wifh to cultivate the products of the tropical 
countries with fuccefs, fliould endeavour to learn from their 
collectors and correfpondents, the elevation at which each in- 
dividual is found to thrive mod. 

Dr. Anderson, who has the management of the King's Bo- 
tanical Garden at St. Vincent's, in a letter to E. Woodford, 
Efq. Vauxhall, makes the following query : " Do you not deftroy 
many tropical plants in your hot-houfes, by giving them a degree 
of heat, for which you cannot admit an adequate proportion of 
air ? Many of the moft rare and beautiful produces of thefe 
iflands naturally thrive where the heat never exceeds 70° 
many at 64° of Far en pie it. At the garden not three-quarters 
of a mile from the fea, it is efteemed very hot if the thermo- 
meter exceed 84 , yet here I find our alpine plants are the 
moil; difficult of all others to preferve, merely from the in- 
creafed temperature of the atmofphere." 

This plant is eafily raifed from feeds, which mull be pro- 
cured from abroad, as it never, we believe, ripens any in this 
country. "We remember to have feen it in great perfection 
at the late Dr. Pitcairn's at Iflington. 

Introduced by Mr. Gordon of Mile-End in 1766. Flowers 
moil part of the winter. 



C 811 ] 

Campanula Capitata. Clustered 
Bell-Flower. 

* 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. Campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 
3-fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

CAMPANULA capitata ; capfulis quinquelocularibus ? ob- 
te&is, foliis oblongis obtufis hifpidis am- 
plexicaulibus, floribus terminalibus congcftis. 



Having never feen a perfect, capfule, we are not certain that 
it is five-celled, though from its five-cornered fhape we have 
little doubt that this is the cafe. The Calyx is divided into 
ten fegments, five of which arc ere£i, the other five broader, 
reflected. The whole plant is hifpid. Root biennial. 

This beautiful Campanula has not to our knowledge been 
hitherto noticed, but fome account of it will probably appear 
when we are gratified with the Flora Grseca. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanical Garden, Brompton, 
from a plant out of the very extenfive colleclion of J. Swain- 
son, Efq. at Twickenham, who informs us that he received 
the feeds of it from the Rev. Mr. Martin, of Eaft-Malling 
in Kent, to whom it was given by the late Prof. Sib thorps 
foon after his return from his travels in Greece, Flowers in 
July, is a hardy biennial : loves a dry foil. 




N e sn 



77 'ur/i.i: J*Ga ■ i rtfcent Frh l 



mm 




mm 



J£J+*tA jj f,^ fa TCurtU, xPG* Cnfrsnt FrbiMiS is^f-m «4 



[ 812 ] 

Gnidia Simplex. Flax-Leaved Gnidia. 
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ jr» ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » 

Clafs and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. infundibuliformis, 4-fidus. Petala 4 calyci inferta. 
Sew. 1. fubbaccatum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

GNIDIA /implex ; foliis fubulatis pungentibus, floribus ter- 

minalibus feflilibus : petalis calycem sequantibus. 
GNIDIA /implex 1 foliis omnibus linearibus acutis, floribus 

terminalibus feflilibus. Linn. Mant. 67. Syft. Veg. 

372. Reich. 2. p. 195- IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 426. 

Hort. Kew. 2. 27. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 3. 
GNIDIA /imple x ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis glabris, floribus 

capitatis, ramis eretiis. Thunli. Prod, 7. 
GNIDIA viridis. Berg. Cap. 125. 
THYMELjEA aethiopica foliis Paflerinse. Breyn. Cent, 10. 

1.6. 
GNIDIA aurea* Hortulanis. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, ere£t, tubercular from the veftiges 
of the leaves, branched: branchlets hairy, growing in a whorl 
near the extremity : centre one longeft. Leaves leflile, alter- 
nate, fmall, imbricate, linear-lanceolate or awl-fhaped, acute, 
pungent, keeled, margin cartilaginous : floral leaves or in- 
volucre very little larger than the cauline, terminal, growing 
Ml a whorl, fometimes hairy at the edges. Flowers terminal, 
2 — 4, feflile, fmooth within and without, very little longer 
than the involucre, yellow in every part, calyx, tube, and 
anthers. Calyx funnel-fhaped; tube the length of floral leaves, 

dilating 



dilating upwards : border 4-fid : fegments entire, ovate, acute. 
Petals* 4, very nearly the fize and (hape of the fegments of 
the calyx, but generally jagged at the tip. Stamens 8: fila- 
ments fliort, attached to the upper part of the tube : anthers 4 
within and 4 without the tube. Gcrmen fuperior, globular. 
Style the length of the tube. Stigma round, hifpid. 

From a careful confideration of the defcription in the 
Mantiffa, we were perfuaded" that this plant is the real Gnidia 
fimplex of Linnaeus, however different from the one ufually 
known by that name in our nurferies and figured as fuch in 
the Botanift's Repofitory ; and a comparifon with the fpecimens 
in the Bankfian Herbarium has confirmed our opinion. In no 
other known fpecies are the flowers in every part yellow. 

In tranfcribing the defcription from the MantifTa, where it 
is faid the ftems are roughened with tubercles from the veftiges 
of the leaves, Reich ard has by fome accident added the figure 
4 after tubrrculis^ and notwithstanding the fentence is thus 
made unintelligible, the leaves having before been faid to be 
fcattered, this blunder has been copied both by Willdenow 
and Martyn. 

This pretty little fhrub, a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
has much the habit of Struthiola^^, and requires a 
fimilar treatment, being a hardy greenhoufe plant. Its flowers, 
which appear in Auguft, are without fcent. We received it 
from Mr. Loddiges of Hackney under the name of Gnidia 
aurea. 



We follow the language of Linn^us in naming the parts of the flowers ; 
according to Jussieu all this family has no corolla, what are here called 
petals he confidersas fquamous appendages. Linnjeus having ftyled the tubulat 
part of the flower in the reft of the order the corolla, his language would have 
been more uniform if he had retained that name for the fame part in this genus, 
and applied that of neftarium to what are here called petals, as he has done to. $9 
analogous parts in Struthiola, &c, f 



X'm 




/ Curb* Sf£& 



C 8*3 ] 

Malpighia Glabra. Smooth-Leaved 
Barbadoes-Cherry. 

4 NE »$ $ % $ ».* ♦ f | % HhN^ *■■*■ 

Gfo/jr #W Order, 
Decandria Trigynia, 

Generic Characleu 

Cal. 5-phyllus, foliolis quibufdam extus bafi glandulofi*. 
Petala 5, fubrotunda unguiculata. Filament a bafi cohaerentia, 
Drupa l-locularis tripyrena, nucibus i-fpermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

MALPIGHIA glabra; foliis ovatis integcrrimis glabris. 

Hort. Cliff. 169. mild. Sp. PI. 2. p. 731. 

Mill. Icon. t. 181. /. 2. G«W2». Dtjf. 8. />, 

406. /, 234. /. 1.* Hort, Kew. 2. p. 103. 

Mzr/. M///. Di8. 1. 
MALPIGHIA fruticofa ere&a, foliis nitidis ovatis acuminatis 

floribus umbellatis, ramulis gracilibus. Brown 

Jam. 230. 
CERASUS jamaicenfis, fructu tetrapyreno. Comm, Hort. 1. 

p. 145. /. 75. 
ARBOR baccifera, folio fubrotundo, fru£tu cerafino fulcato 

rubro polypyreno : ofliculis cannulatis. Sloan 
. Hiji. 2. p, 106. /. 207. f % 2. &y. Hift. 3. 

£)^</. 74. 



A fhrub, feldom rifing above fix or [even feet in the 
Weft-Indies, according to Brown, though Miller fays 
there are forae trees upwards often feet high in England. 



It is cultivated in the Weft-Indies for the fake of its acid 
pulpy fruit, in fize and fhape fomewhat refembling our cherries. 
According to Jacquin, thefe are feldom eaten raw, but are 
generally made into a preferve with fugar. He remarks how- 
ever that he and his two companions, when overcome with 
thirft in a long journey, ate them from the tree in very large 
quantities without fuffering any inconvenience in confequence. 
It fometimes bears fruit in this country, but fmall and very 
thin of pulp. 

Requires to be preferved in the ftove through the winter, 
but in the middle of fummer is the better for being expofed 
to the open air. Flowers in the winter and alfo in June and 
July, at which time we received the plant from which our 
drawing was taken from Mr. Loddiges, and obferved the 
flowers, during the day, to be fweet-fcented not unlike thofe of 
jafmine. 

Introduced by Miller in 1757, who received the feeds from 
the King of France's gardener at Trianon, Monf. Richard, 



ERRATUM. 

f, 8og» lift. 6. fn petiolis lege foliolis. 



[ 8i 4 ] 
Aloe Viscosa. Triangular Aloe. 

* 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 165. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

ALOE vi/co/a (parviflora ; caule/cens) foliis omnibus caulinis, 
brevibus, lanceolato-ovatis, canaliculars, glabris, tri- 
fariam fubverticillatis, congefio-imbricatis ; fcapo fili- 
formi, fimplici ; racemo diftante, corolla cylindrica, 
bilabiato-patula, fere tota coadunata ; ftigmate ob- 
tufo. G. 
ALOE vi/co/a. Linn. Sp. 460. Mill. Dicl. 11. thunb. Diff. 
13. Prod. 61. Hort. Kew. 1. 470. Kniph. Cent. 4. n. 4. 
Knorr Del. 1. t. A. 10. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 191. Dec and. 
PL Gr. 16. /. 16. Hawortb Tr. Linn. Soc. j.p.6. 
ALOE foliis canaliculars trifariam imbricatis caulinis apice 
reflexo-patulis. Hort. Cliff. 132. Up/. 87. Roy. 
Lugdb. 23. 
ALOE africana ere&a triangularis et triangulari folio. Comm. 
Pral. 82. /. 31. Dill. Elth. i 5 . t. 13. / 13. filK 
Pi/. 7. Boerh. Ind. Alt. p. 131. n. 32. 
ALOE triangularis. Medik. Bot. Bcob. 61. 
ALOE triangulaire.. Lam. Dicl. n. 18. 



A Cape fpecies, introduced into our gardens by Dr. James 
Sherard, about 1733, where it flowers in June and July ; 
eafily propagated by offsets ; has fo very fingular an appear- 
ance that it may be diftinguifhed at firft fight from all its 
congeners known to us. 

The 



The caudex is completely covered by the leaves and is gene- 
rally from four to eight inches in height ; lower leaves imbri- 
cately upright, upper imbricately piled and nearly horizontal. 
Flowers {lender, diftant, fparfe, not (hewy. Pedicels (hort. 
Segments of the corolla concrete to where they are bilabiately 
reelected. Stamens unequal, enclofed. Style (horter than thefe, 
filiform. Stigma fimple. 

Vijcofa is not a very eligible appellatio'n, as refering only to 
the liquid contained in the tube of the corolla, a circumftance 
not peculiar to this fpecies. G. 




\'<\v> 



U?i-i,M Fuh hvTCurhs, S* Geo: CrefceTU Feins^S 



C 815 ] 

Aloe Margaritifera (v. media). Middle- 
Sized Pearl-Leaved Aloe. 

# $ $ » » ♦ »» » »m ♦ ♦ y t 

C/^t/jt and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. N um - 765. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE margaritifera (acaulis ; parviflora) foliis radicalibus, 
cufpidato-trigonis, confertis, fparfim circumftantibus, 
verrucis albefcentibus obtufis inermibus undique con- 
fperfis ; fcapo alto, ramofo ; corolla ventricofo- 
cylindrica, bilabiata, laciniis longius coalitis ; ftylo 
brevi. G. 

ALOE margaritifera (v. media). Gertn. Sem.&<i. t. 17. Hort. 
Kew. i.p. 468. Willi. Sp. PI. 2. 188. Hawortb Tranf. 
Linn. Soc. v.j. n» 

ALOE pumila margaritifera. (3. Linn. Sp. 460. 

ALOE pumila. TbunL Dif. 7. 8. Prod. 61. 

ALOE africana margaritifera folio undique verrucis numerofis. 
BradU Succ. 3. p. 1. t. 21. 

ALOE africana folio in fummitate triangulari margaritifero 
flore fiibviridi, Comm. Hort. Amft. 2. p. 19. /. 20. et 
%. p. 21. t. 11. Boerb. Ind. Alt. 2. 130. n. 29. Aubr. 
Ptft. HorUParif. DHL Elih, 19. /. i$. /. 17. 



A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; introduced into 
our gardens by Bradley in 1725 ; is a plant of eafy culti- 
vation and propagated by feeds and offsets. There are four 
varieties according to Mr. Haworth, while Decandolle 
and others enumerate oply thre* ; their differences confift 

chiefly 



chiefly in ftature and in the greater or lefs number, as well as 
regularity, of the pearl-like warts that befet the leaves, which 
are many, from one to fix inches in length, all radical and 
fparfely ambient round the branched fcape, which is from 
two to three feet high with fomewhat whirled upright branches. 
The flowers are of the fmaller fize, of a dullifh herbaceous 
colour, and arranged in a loofe raceme ; the fegments of the 
corolla far-concrete and refle&edly patent upwards ; three outer 
ones flat, inner ones fubchannelled at their fummit ; ftamens 
unequal; ftigma fimple. Decan jdolle has figured the fmalleft 
variety only. G. 




FS16 



SdXMU. Puh by T. Curtis, SK^CrefcertJ; Feb 1 IMS FS^C, m ~* 



C 816 ] 

Anthericum Frutescens. Onion-Leaved 
Anthericum. 

#♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦$.♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ # % 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cor. 6-partita, bafi ftaminifera patens aut connivens. Slam. 
filamentis filiformibus hirfutis. Stigm. 1. Sem. angulata, Jujf. 
Radix fibrofa, flores fpicati. 

Obs. Genus reformandum et dividendum. Anthericum LIU aft rum, 
fupra N°- 318, Hemerocallidi quam maxime affine, vel congener 
forfan. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ANTHERICUM frutefcens rhizomate fimpliciter fed longius 
caudefcente, fuperne faepius radicante; foliis 
fubterminalibus craflis, femitcretibus, fub- 
ulato-produftis, bafi amplexicaulibus, in- 
ferioribus deficcantibus ; raccmo crebro, 
longiflimo; bra&eis parvulis, bafi lanato- 
ciliatis. G. 

ANTHERICUM frutefcens. Sp. PL 445. Syjl. 330. G*rhu 
Sem. 1. p. 55. /. 16. / 1. Mill. Did. 4. 
Hort. Kczv. 1. p. 449. Med. Bot. Bcob.^g. 
Lam. Din. n. i. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 142. 
~Decand.Pl. Gr. 14. /. 14. 

BULBINE caulefccns. Hort. Cliff. 122. Roy. Lti^d. 122. 

ANTHERICUM caulefcens foliis pulpofis teretibus fubulatis 
fuperne convexo-planis. JVacb. Ultr. 305. 

PHALANGIUM africanum foliis ficoidiis, floribus fpicatis 
aureis. Boerh. Ind. Alt. 134. 

PHALANGIUM capenfe caulefccns foliis cepitiis fuccofis. 
Dili El lb. 310. /. 231. /• 298. 

PHALANGIUM 



PHALANGIUM non ramofum fpicatum luteum P. B. S. foliis 
magnis cepae, pulpolis. Pluk. Amath. p. 168. 

Obs. Vix (ad tabulamf altem) a longifcapo Jacquini dijlinguendum, 
ni forte fuo caudlce baud ramojo-multklphi atque altiore t JoUiJque baud adeo 
snjigniter glaucinis. G . 



This fpecies, formerly known in our gardens by the name 
of " The Onion-Leaved Aloe/' is a native of the Cape of 
Good Hope; was cultivated in Chelfca Garden as long fince 
as 1702 ; is now very common in our greenhoufes, where it 
requires the treatment of the common Cape Aloes. Its caudex 
throws out the longeft fcape of any of the genus known to 
us, and is generally covered with dried and often perfiftent 
leaves below the upper fafcicle ; when thefe fall or are 
plucked off it has a learned and jointed appearance; from 
beneath the upper leaves long fimple fibres are generally 
protruded. Often ripens the feed ; the fruitlefs pedicles are 
as in iome other fptcies very much incurved or hooked, (7. 



C 817 ] 

Lachenalia Pustulata. Blistered 
Lachenalia. 

♦♦*♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦» 

Cla/s and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. —Vide N um - 745. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA pujlulata foliis binis, fublanceolato-loratis, 
fpariim crebriufque puftulatis, glabris laxis; 
racemo conferto ; pedicellis brevibus ; co- 
rolla mediocri, cyathiformi-tubulofa, fub- 
horizontali ; petalis intimis extimis quartam 
1 partem longioribus. G. 

LACHENALIA pujiulata. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. 386. Coll. 3. 
p. 244. et 4. p. 220. /. 2./. 1. Marl. Mill. 
Dm. mild. Sp. PI. 2. 176. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope ; flowers freely in the 
greenhoufe ; but is of too little beauty to be much cultivated; 
quite fcentlefs. The bulb is tunicate, roundifh, and covered 
with a dark fkin. Leaves nearly equal to the fcape and lax. 
Flowers about three parts of an inch in length, nearly four times 
longer than their pedicles. Parts of fructification about equal 
to the outer petals and fubaflurgent. Style rather longer 
than the petals. Stigma capitate, villofe ? The blifters on 
the leaves are a very inconftant character and vary in the 
fame fpecies, as may be feen in our account of Lachenalia 
purpuro-c<erulea ,- but we have never feen any individuals or 
this fpecies without them. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden 
at Brompton. G. 



COR RIG EN DA. 

P. 744. 1. 26. pro u prater habitnm non bulbofum (lUundeque divtrfum" Ic i>* 
" httbitu prarterta non bidbofo aliundeque di<verfo." 
N° 765. 1. 14. poft « PI." adue « 2. 189." 




Y"<v/' 



■>W '-~EJ»* 



[ 8i8 ] 

Chironia Angustifolia. Narrow- 
Leaved Chironia. 

#»#»»♦$♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaraclcr. 

Cor. rotata. PijL declinatum. Statn. tubo corolla infidentia. 
Anthers demura fpirales. Per. biloculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CHIRONIA angufiifolia : fruticofa glabra; foliis linearibus 
patentibus, calycibus ovatis claufis, corollis glu- 
tinofis : laciniis cuneatis cum acumine. 



The flower of this fpecies very much refembles that or 
Chironia dccujfata t No. 707, but the fegments of the corolla 
are more wedge-fhaped with a longer acumen ; they are as in 
that covered with a clammy mining balfam ; the tube is longer, 
extending considerably beyond the calyx, which is oval, not 
globofe, with iegments that connive at the points ; the leaves 
are long and linear, of a dark green, without the leaft pu- 
befcence, as is every part of the plant. Raifed from Cape 
feeds by Mr. Whitley at Old-Brompton ; is one of the 
moil beautiful of the genus, flowers freely during the fummer 
months; requires the fame treatment as'CHiRONiA/^/'^ 
No. 37, of which perhaps both this and decujfata may be the 
offspring, changed by culture ; the form of the calyx is how-' 
ever fo materially different, being in fruticofa open, not con- 
tracted at top, that they may probably be really diftinft. 



Wm 




Sfd-JElmriU Jd. Tub kv T Curii<_\ 



t SjJifim jculf 



[ 8i 9 ] 

Nypmh^ea Odor ata. Sweet-Scented 
Water Lily. 

Clafs and Order, 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. polypetala. Cat. 4, feu 5-phyllus,, Bacca truncata muU 
tilocularis, loculis polyfpermis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
NYMPH jEA Gdorata; foliis cordatis integris emarginatis: 

lobis divaricatis acumine obtufo, calyce tetrar 

phyllo. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 227. Willd. Sp, PL 2, 

1152. 
NYMPHiEA odorata. Bot. Repof. 297. 
NYMPHiEA (alba) foliis orbiculato-cordatis, integris; fmu 

bafis angufto lateribus fubre&ilineis : flore albo: 

petalis calyci 4-phyllo aequalibus. Michaux Fl. 

Bor. Am. 1 . p. 3 1 1 ? 
NYMPPLEA alba flore pleno odorato. Cron. Virg. ed. 1. f* 

57. ed. 2. p. 81. 
NYMPH >EA alba minor. Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 184. t. 71. £** 

clufo fynonymo Morifoni. 

We have no doubt but that this plant is a very diftinft 
fpecies from Nymphaa alba, to which it however approaches 
very nearly. In the form of its leaves it is apt to vary con- 
siderably, fo that perhaps a diftinguifhing charafter cannot be 
well eftablifhed from this alone; probably a better one might 
be found in the ftigma, the rays of which we believe are always 
more erecl; and incurved. It is a native of North-America, 
and is met with, according to Michaux, from Canada to 
Carolina, for we have little hefitation in referring his alba to 
this fpecies. Its flowers are very fweet-fcented, much like 
thofe of Nymphaa carulea, in which it differs from Nymph-** 
alba, the flowers of which are entirely fcentlefs. 

Our drawing was made at MefTrs. Whitley and Brame's* 
Old-Brompton, from a plant that flowered in the ftove in the 
month of Auguft 1801, out of the colleaion of the Marquis oi 
Blandford. It is far lefs common than Nymphaa carulca, 
requires the fame treatment, fuppofed to be not hardy enough 
to bear our winters without protection from the frofi. 



JF&O 




SylE,L~J,U Tubby T.CwUs.SH^ ntJdariM 



[ 820 ] 

Arum Bicolor. Two-Coloured Arum, 

Clafs and Order, 

Gynandria Polyandria. 

MonjEcia Monandria. Schreb. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spalha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix fupra nudus, inferne 
femineus, medio ftamineus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ARUM bicolor ; acaule, foliis peltatis fagittatis difco coloratis, 
fpatha medio coar&ata : bafi fubglobofa ; lamina fub- 
rotunda acuminata erecla fubconvoluta. Hart. Kcw. 

3- />• 3 l6 « 
ARUM bicolorum. Mart. Mill. DicJ. a. 10. 

This as well as feveral other fuppofed fpecies of Arum dif- 
fers confiderably from the generic character, which therefore 
needs correfting. The fpadix is furrounded at the bafe with 
globofe rofe-coloured ovaries terminated with a hemifpherical 
warty ftigma. There are no cirrhi as in Arum maculatutn t 
but the anthers or rather maffes of pollen begin immediately 
above the female flowers with hardly any intervening fpace, 
and are at firft fomewhat diftinft, roundilh, then larger and 
more irregular, and foon crowded together, covering the whole 
fpadix to its extremity, Separating into irregular, four-fidea 
mafles, much in the fame manner as ftarch does in drying, 
but there is no appearance of the regular organifation ufual i « 
anthers. This plant, which has been frequently miftaken for 
the Akvm piclum of Linnaeus, was brought from Madeira, 
where it is cultivated in the gardens for the fake of the beauty 
of its leaves, which grow fometimes to a much greater fize than 
the one reprefented in our figure. Said in the Hortus Kewenjts 
to be introduced by McfiYs. Lee and Kennedy, Nurferyroen, 
at Hammerfmith, in the year 1773, and flowered in the garden 
of Mr. Fonnereau, at Eaft-Sheen, in 1778. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, , 1 
whofe ftove it flowered in January laft. Thrives beft when 
placed near the window in the moft airy part of the ftove. 



FMO 




Syjfj '-.,.•■/. I Tub />. TCurti* J^C 



C 821 3 

KlTAIBELIA VlTIFOLIA. VlNE-LEAVED 
KlTAIBELIA. 

Clafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 2-plex : exterior 7, feu g-fidus. Capful* in capitulum 
quinquelobum glomerate l-fpermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

KlTAIBELIA vitifolia. Willi. Nov. Atl. Berol. 2. p. 108. 
/. 4. /. 4. Walift. et Kitaib. PL Rar. Hung. 
1. ^.29. /. 31. 



This plant, of which there is only one known fpecies, was 
found in Hungary by Mr. Kitaib el, joint author with Count 
Waldstein, of that excellent work in folio, Plant* Rariores 
Hungari* t in honour of whom the name was applied by Prof. 
Willdenow. In its native foil, rich and moift, it grows 
feven or eight feet high, but we have not feen it with us reach 
near to that height. The leaves are efteemed to be an ex- 
cellent vulnerary, and as the whole plant abounds with an 
infipid mucilage, fo common in the natural order of Malvaceae, 
it is probably a fafe and ufeful application to wounds in ge- 
neral. We received a fpecimen of this (at that time) very 
rare plant, from Isaac Swain son, Efq. of Twickenham, in 
September 1803, an< * another in Auguft 1804, from Thomas 
Furly Forster, jun. Efq. Hackney; from which lad our 
drawing was made. 

It is a hardy herbaceous perennial. 



W#21 




JU tub by TdirhA, 



'rent MarlM 



[ 822 ] 

Drimia Elata* Tall Drimia. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. fexpartita, breviter tubulofo-connivens, longius revoluto- 
l-eflexa. Stain, infra corollas adnata. Stigm. trilobo-capitatum, 
vel obfolete triplex. Cjpf. membranacea, verticali-oblonga, 
Jubtriquetra. Scm. pauca, oblonga'. G. 

Obs. Radix fquamato- vel fubfquamato-bulbofa, magis minufve e terra 
prominens ; qua nee jincerior dijiwguit genus nota ab HYACINTHO cujus 
bulbus tunicatus atquefubterraneus. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DRIMIA data fcapo elato foliis prsecociore ; iftis lanceolato- 
atque verticali-loratis, concaviufculis, glabris; ra- 
cemo multilloro, fpicato-oblongo, confertiufculo ; 
organis conniventer porre6tis. G. 

DRIMIA data. Jacq. 1c. Rar. 2. /. 373. Coll. Supph 38. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 165. 

BULBUS liliaceus vomitorius Capitis Bonae Spei. Breyn.Cent. 
91. tab. 40. 



A genus eftablifhed by Jacquin. One only of its fpecies 
appears to have been cultivated in the Kew Gardens, in the 
catalogue of which, it ftands under Hyacinthus, with the 
fpecific title of revolutus, and is now the undnlata of this genus; 
the whole of which is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and 
was named from the Greek word ^t ( u.ur, the juice of the roots 
being (as we are told by Jacquin) Co very acrid as, when 
applied to the fkin, to caufe inflammation and even blifters. 
The drawing of our plant was taken at Mr. Williams s 
Nurfery, Turnham-Green, the only place we ever faw it at. 
Requires the treatment of the hardier Cape bulbs, with which 
it will flower freely in the fummer months. A very full de- 
fcription of it is to be found in the Colleclanea of Jacquim* 
The whole plant is frequently of much greater magnitude 
than the fpecimen from -which our figure was taken. G. 



W&22 




U Tub by Tritrtuv J 1 (.,-<■ Crefatnt Mat 



[ 823 ] 

Gladiolus Hirsutus (y). Two-Flowered 
Shaggy Corn Flag. 

% $•$■■$■ % ♦ ♦$♦ # ♦ ?< $ 4*4*4* ^ 

Cfa/} tfff^ Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. — F/'i. 2V"« 538 & 562. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. — Fid. N um - 727. 
GLADIOLUS hirfatus. y. villofiufculus. Supra 727. 



This is the third variety of this elegant fpecies that we have 
given in our work, and have now only to refer to the above 
quoted page for further information concerning it. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in the collection or 
Mr. Hibbert. G. 



ERRATUM. 
N° 817. 1. 12 & 13. fn " quartam partem," lege " quarta parte 







'°0Q 



ib. by T Curtis, J*&tc Crefc • 



lan/rm mu/> 



[ 824 ] 

PlTCAIRNIA BrOMELIj£FOLIA. SCARLET 
PlTCAIRNIA. 

C/d/j <W Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

■Cat. 3-phyllus, femifuperus. Pet. 3, fquama neclarifera ad 

bafin petalorum. Stigm. 3, contorta. Caff. 3, introrfum de- 

hifcentes. Sem* alata. Hepetis. Gen. Plant. Schreb. n. 1741.- 

Obs Si calyx mowphylhts appellandus, germen er'it fupcrum, tubo calycit 
Jemiimmerfum et adnattim, ftamina et petala fauci calycis 'injerta. Si vera 
mav's cay em triphyllum dicere, germen erit femiinferum, Jlamina, pelala l 
et calyx receptaculo germen cingenti injerta. Dry and. MSS. 

Recliufne Cal. o, Cor. fexpartita, laciniis incequalibus, cylindrice con- 
niventibus, extimis calycem mentientibus ? G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 
PlTCAIRNIA bromelitefoHa foliis ciliato-fpinofis ; racemo pa- 

tulo ebra£teato ; pedunculis germinibufque 

glaberrimis. 
PlTCAIRNIA bromelUfolia. Hort. Kew. 1. 401. Schneev, 

et Geuns Ic. Fafc. 4. /. xu L'Herit. Scrt. Angl. 

7. /. 11. Swartz Fl. hid. Occid. 1. p. 580. 

Mart. Mill. Dicl. Dryand. in Linn. Tranf. v. t* 

p. 230. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 10. Li I. a Redout e, 

*• 75- 

HEPETIS angujlifolia. Swartz Prod. 56. 

An inhabitant of Jamaica, where it is faid to grow on the 
fhady fides of mountains. Firft cultivated in this country by 
Lord As 11 burton as far back as 1781 ; flowers in April and 
May, although our fpecimen did not until Auguft. 

The rarhis of the raceme as well as peduncles and 
corolla are of a fine fcarlet colour; the latter is perfiftent, 
changing to a greemfh and laitly to a brownifh hue. The 
traniparent fcale at the inner bafe of each fegsaent is of an 
ovate form, truncate at the top, crenate, attached by its back, 
while the edge and fummit are free. Radical leaves from three 
to four feet long, fcarcely an inch broad when flattened. Scape 
terminal, upright, about a foot high, many-flowered, and -ge- 
nerally fimple. Calyx or outer fegments of the corolla three 
times (hotter than the corolla or inner fegments. It is a very 
ornamental plant ; requires to be kept in the tan-pit; often 
feeds; but is generally propagated by offsets. G. 




P„h h TCurh 



C 8 25 3 

Pancratium Littorale (,3) f Lesser 
Sea-Shore Pancratium, 

« 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

.Generic Characler.— -Fid. N um - 718. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

PANCRATIUM littorale foliis bifariis lanceolato-loratis \ 
laciniis tubo brevioribus ; corona ftamim- 
lega his quinquies breviore, inter (lamina 
parum elevata, finuata, aut obtufe ^tque 
obfolete erofa. G. 

PANCRATIUM littorale. J acq. Amer. 99. /. 179. /. 94* 
Hort. Vindb. v. 3. p. 41. /. 75. tlort. Kew. 
1. 412- JSaliJb. in Linn. Tranf. 2. 74. cuni 

fig.' mud. sp. pi. 2. p. 42. 

PANCRATIUM foliis enfiformibus, fpatha multiflora; flo- 
ribus magnis candidis. Trcw. Ehret. p, 6*. 
t. 27. 
(|3) tbbocoroll^e breviore quam in (a) 4-unciali; limbi lacinii$ 
tubo parum brevioribus, necltario bafi adnatis. Bryatid. MSS. 

This variety flowered, and was probably introduced into the 
garden of the late Dr. Pitcairn, about 1782; but from 
whence it came we are not now able to afcertain ; (a) was 
found by Jacquin near Carthagena in the Ifland of Tierra 
Bomba, growing plentifully on the fea fhore : (|3) we have 
never found figured in any work, but there are feveral goo4 
figures of (a), as may be feen by the above fynonymy. 

Requires to be kept in a ftove, where it will flower twice 
a year. It is to be obferved that the crown bears the fame 
proportion to the fegments in both varieties, although they 
differ fo much in the length of the tube. The fpecific characler 
contains all the defcription neceffary to diftinguifh it from the 
fpecies at prefent known to us ; an entirely new one of which 
has lately flowered at Kew, brought from Cayenne ; it has 
broad glofly leaves, exceeding long flowers, and the fmalleu 
crown of any we ever yet have feen. Q. 



826 




TCurtu l 



FS2t 




[ 826 2 

Pancratium CaribvEum. West-Indian 
Pancratium. 

# »fr ♦♦♦♦ ♦ 4»4> ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Eexandria Monogynia* 

Generic Cbaratlen — Fid,, N um - 718. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM caribaum foliis fubambientibus, petiolatis, 
oblongo-lanceolatis, fubfucculenter coria- 
ceis ; corollae laciniis tubo obtufe fubhex- 
angulo longioribus, deorfum infundibuli- 
formiter convergentibus ; corona ftaminilega 
arftius turbinata, fexies excifa, finubus in- 
tegris aut varie dentatis. G. 

PANCRATIUM caribaum. Sp. PL 418. Hort. Cliff 133. 
Hort. Kew. 1.411. Lam. Encyc. n. 6. Mart. 
Mill. Ditf. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 42. 

PANCRATIUM fragrans. Salijb. in Linn. Tranf. 2. 72. /. 11. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 43. exclufo Trew. Ehret. 

NARCISSUS totus albus latifolius polyanthos major odoratus. 
Sloan. Jam. 115. Hift. 1. p. 244. Mart. 
Cent. 3. /. 27. 

NARCISSUS americanus flore multiplice albo hexagono 
odorato. CommeL Hort. Am. 2. t. 87. p. 173. 

ObS. V'tx dubito qutn hie quoqtie tutiffime retuliJJ'em PANCRATIUM 
declinatum, Jacq. quod Amaenum Salifb. atque Willd. 



A native of the Weft-Indies ; faid to have been introduced 
by P. Miller, in 1730. In our figure an inner younger 
leaf is reprefented, and the ftem is feen on one of its nar- 
rowed fides. Blooms in our (loves generally twice a year, 
about June and February. 

Leaves 



Leaves 12 — 14, blades about a foot long and three inches 
broad, mining, and of a very deep green. Flowers fragrant, 
vertical. Tube about two inches long, with the alternate angles 
nearly obfolete ; fegments for nearly the length of the crown, 
converging turbinately, then recurvedly deflected ; outer ones 
narroweft ; crown three times fhorter than thefe. Stamens 
rather fliorter than the fegments. Little ftrefs in fpecific dif- 
tin&ion can be laid upon the finufes of the crown being entire 
or toothletted, as we have frequently feen them vary infinitely 
in the fame plant. 

In the courfe of this fummer we hope to communicate fome 
further information concerning the Weft-Indian fpecies of 
this genus. G. 






[ 827 ] 

Pancratium Rotatum. Large-Crowned 
Pancratium. 

| Mfc $ $ ♦ ifcft 3M * * >^Nhj^# 

Gfo/} # »i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 718. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

PANCRATIUM rotatum (feffiliflora) bulbo repenter foboli- 
fero; foliis loratis, furf'um fublanceolatis 
obtufulis, deorfum obtufe canaliculars ; 
corona ftaminilega magna, hypocrateriformi- 
campanulata, deorfum tubulofa, rotundato- 
angulata, praemorfo-finuata, ultra ftaminum 
medium protenfa. G. 

PANCRATIUM mexicanum. Micbaux Flor. Amer. Bor. 1. 
188? Vix Linnaei, quando vel minimam 
citatae Dillenianae tabulae atque adumbra- 
tioni poflimus adjicere fidem. G. 



We are informed by Mr. Loddige, the Nurferyman at 
Hackney, that this handfome fpecies is a native of Carolina, 
and that he received it from thence fome time fince. If it 
is Michaux's plant, of which we have fcarcely a doubt, he 
tells us that it grows there in fuch {pots as are ufually at one 
time or other of the year under water, and that in a wild 
ftate it is conftantly two-flowered, but when cultivated from 
two to five-flowered. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's; requires a 
ftrong heat to make it thrive, and rich mould ; produces 
abundance of offsets ; the nether bulb itfelf often perifhing 
after producing the bloom. 

The 



The leaves grow diftichwife, are little more than an inch 
broad, about two feet in length ; the upper part of lamina 
ftriated ; the fcape iffues from the middle of thefe. The bloom 
was gone off before I could procure it for examination, but 
in the drawing the fegments of the corolla feem fomething 
Ihorter than the tube, and the crown about a third fhorter 
than the fegments. 

It is certainly neither the mexicanum nor carolinianum of 
.Linnaeus, if any reliance can be placed on the fynonyms he 
has cited, and which are moil probably alfo his authorities for 
the fpecies. The web that connects the ftamens both in fize 
and form affords a very ftrong diftin&ion from all the fpecies 
yet known to us ; but it certainly in habit comes neareft to 
the mexicanum of any we have read of. 

Mr. Salisbury tells us that the variety of Pancratium 
liitorale y publifhed in our laft number, is likewife a native of 
Carolina. G. 



[ 828 ] 

Aloe-Humilis (3). Narrow-Leaved 
Stemless Aloe. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide N um - 765. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ALOE bumilis. Vid. N um - 757. 

(j3) floribus nonnihil fplendidioribus, majoribus atque crebri- 

oribus ; foliis anguftioribus, magis glaucinis, fubadfcendentcr 

incurvatis. G. 
ALOE bumilis (|3) incurva. Howarth on Aloe , in Linn. Trattf, 
vol. 7. p. 15. 



Our drawing of this beautiful variety of Aloe was taken at 
the Nurfery of Meffrs. Malcolms, at Kenfington. Probably 
raifed in our own gardens from the feeds of («). G. 




N°<S2S 



f&lst*- kAA./ry% A XJ* 






C 829 ] 

ASPALATHUS ARANEOSA. HAIRY 
ASPALATHUS. 

#4 1 ♦$»♦♦»♦ ♦♦#>♦♦'! 

Oafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus : lacinia fuperiore majorc. Legumen ovatum, 
ma£licum, fubdifpermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ASPALATHUS araneofa ; foliis fafciculatis filiformibus laxis 
pilofis, capitulis hirfutis. Tbunb. Prod. 126. 
IVilld. Spec. PL 3. p. 962. 

ASPALATHUS araneofa; foliis fafciculatis fetaceis inermibus 
hifpidis, floribus capitatis. 

GENISTA ^Etbiopica flore flavo, foliolis inflexis et araneofa 
lanugine fimbriatis, fummo ramulo circa 
flores glomeratis. Pink. Mant. 87. /. 4*4* 
/. 4. Seb. The/. 1. p. 38. /. 23. /. 6. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby with pendulous woolly branches. 
Leaves filiform, befct with long white hairs, from three to nine, 
collected in alternate fafcicles, which are woolly at the bafe. 
Flowers bluifh white, terminal, collected in a capitulum, nearly 
feflile, intermixed with braftes like the leaves, three to each 
flower, the length of the calyx. Calyx of one leaf five-toothed : 
teeth long, awl-fhaped, befet with very long white filky hairs, 
and are equal in fize, in which refpe£t they do not correfpond 
with the generic character. Vexillum for the moft part ftraight, 
connivent, longer than the alae which enclofe the carina: all 
thefe parts are hairy or villous on the outfide. The flowers 
when dried appear yellow, which probably mifled Plukenet 
and Seb a, who never faw the plant in a living ftate, if their 
plant be indeed the fame with ours. 

This elegant fhrub is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
and requires a greenhoufe to proteft it from froft. Our draw- 
ing was taken in June 1804, at George Hibbert's, Efq. at 
Clapham-Common. 



W62C 




JyJ£JwardiJ,l Ftlh by 




UEJ-^dtl Pub. h I. Turks, StGes. CrefcerU Aprils FS., 



C b 3 o ] 

ACHYRANTHES PoRRIGENS. CRIMSON- 

Headed Achyranthes. 

C/t7/> #»</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cfyaracler. 

Cat. 5-phyllus, bafi 3-fquamofus. Cor. o. Stamina bait 
coalita in tubulum fquamulis interpofitis. Stylus x. Stigma u 
Sem. folitaria. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ACHYRANTHES porrigens ,- caule fruticofo, capitulis ter- 

minalibus ovalibus nudis, foliis oppofitis 

ovato-lanceolatis. 
ACHYRANTHES porrigens ; foliis oppofitis, lanceolatis, 

fpicis ovatis, acutis. Jacq. Hort. Scbocnb. 

350. Bot. Repof. 380, 



This pretty fhrub was brought from Paris in the year 1802, 
by Mr. Woodford, under the name of Gomphren a J rut icofa x 
and it is not without regret that we follow Jacquin in con- 
sidering it rather as a fpecies of Achyranthes than Gomphrena, 
to which laft it appears fo much more nearly allied in habit, 
but not fo in the parts of fructification. It is not however im- 
probable but that future obfervers will find that fome other 
fpecies of the latter genus may be united with this into one 
diftinft from either. 

The flowers are collected into a compact oval capitulum, 
have three unequal hairy fcales or braftes at the bafe of each, 
the calyx (the fame part however in Gomphrena is called by 

LlNNiEL'i, 



Li nni vs corolla) confifts of five lanceolate, keeled, fharp- 
pointed leaflets; within thefe are five fmall fcales- or petals 
fimbriated at the tips, of the fame bright crimfon colour as the 
calyx, but three times fmaller; thefe appear to be united to- 
gether with the filaments into a tube at the bafe, but their 
union if real is flight; this part correfponds with what Lin* 
n.eus calls the netlarium in Gomphrena, alternating with 
thefe, and of the fame length, are five filaments with fmall 
round anthers; thefe either fall off very early or there are as 
in Amaranthus many female flowers without ftamens. The 
ovary is fuperior, free, globofe, terminated with a ftraiglit 
ftyle and round villous ftigma. 

Has been hitherto treated as a hardy ftove plant, in which 
fituation it continues in flower, though not expanded, through 
the whole of the winter, and feems peculiarly fuited to enliven 
the bouquets at this feafon when, of the few flowers that occur, 
there are hardly any to be met with which poffefs fuch a brilliant 
colour. It has the further advantage of preferving its form 
and colour when dried as well as the GIobe-Amaranthus. 
Propagated by cuttings. 

Our drawing was taken in the middle of January from a 
very fine fpecimen at Mr. Barr's, Nurferyman, Ball's-Pond, 
Iflingtpn. Its native country is unknown, but is probably 
South.America, as we infer from its near affinity with Gom- 
Fhrena brafilienfn. 



\:<\,ii 




[ 83i ] 

Anagallis Fruticosa. Shrubby 

Pimpernel. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia.' 

Generic CharaRer. 
Cor. rotata. Cap/, circumfciffa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ANAGALLIS fruticofa ,- foliis ternis cordato-lanceolatis am- 
plexicaulibus, caule fruticofo tereti : ramis 
angulofis. Ventenat. PL Seleft. 18. 

ANAGALLIS grandifiora. Bot. Repof. 367. 



Moll of the known fpecies of Anagallis fo nearly refemble 
each other, that it is not eafy to find botanical characters that 
will with fufficient accuracy diftinguifh them, and this has led 
fome Botanifts to believe that moft of the fuppofed fpecies are 
mere varieties, deriving their origin from climate, foil, and 
cultivation. Some have carried this opinion fo far as to fup- 
pofe that this fplendid plant is the offspring of Anagallis 
arvenjis, improved by art, a notion however which appears to 
us fufficiently improbable. 

If there are no very prominent marks of diftinction except 
that of the fhrubby perennial ftalk, a change which fome other 
annuals have been known to undergo from climate and other 
circumftances, yet there are feveral differences, more minute 
indeed than might be wifhed, but which, when united, may be 
fufficient to diftinguifh them. Thus in Anagallis arvenfis 
the leaves and flower-ftalks are ufually oppofite, or if more 
than two, are generally by fours, rarely if ever three, which is 

the 



the more natural number in our plant, though in this they 
fometimes grow by pairs and now and then by fours. The 
leaves are alfo more lance-fhaped and lefs oval than in arvenfis, 
the anthers too are pointed and incurved at the upper ex- 
tremity. In the economy of the two plants there is a remark- 
able difference, for while the flowers of the common pimpernel 
are never open except in fair weather, and have, from their 
fenfibility to the prefence or abfence of the fun, been called 
" the poor man's weather-glafs," the flowers of our plant pay 
fo little regard to the changes of the atmofphere, that when 
once fully expanded, they remain open night and day. 

It is readily propagated by cuttings, and will, if planted in 
the open ground, produce feeds ; but to preferve it through 
the winter, muft be entirely protected from froft. Is of late 
introduftion among us from Paris. Vbntenat fays, it is a 
native of Africa, near Mogadore. 



N"6'J2 




>J£J»*r&sU Puh-hv Curtt.r J'(r t v Cre/ce'ntAprlUYS. F 



C 832 ] 

Calla ^Ethiopica. Ethiopian Calla. 
# 4 r* "%-% ^hMNhNhNs- ♦♦♦♦ 

C/^/i a«</ Order. 

Gynandria Polyandria. 
Moncecia Monandria. Schreb. 

Generic Characlcr. 

Spatha plana. Spadix tec"ius flofculis. G*/. o. Petala o. 
Bacc* polyfpermce. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CALLA JEthiopica ,- foliis fagittato-cordatis, fpatha cucullata 

fpadice fuperne mafculo. Sp. Pi. 1373. Hort. Cliff. 

435. Reichard. 4. 75. Lederm. Micro/. 37. /. 18. 

19. <?<///. Gallic. 44. GVr/. Frucl. 2. 20. /. 84./. 2. 

Mar/. Mr"//. Did. n. 1. //or/. A>ze\ 3. 318. 
ARUM JEthiopicum y flore albo odorato. Comm. Hort. 1. p. 

95. /. 50. 
ARUM americanum, ari vulgaris facie, foliis carnofis. Mich. 

Flor. 9. /. 2. 



The female flowers, which are confined to #)e lower part 
of the fpadix, confift in this fpecies of a conical germen ter- 
minated by a truncated black-purple fligma. 

The male flowers are both intermixed with the female, and 
occupy entirely the whole of the fuperior part of the fpadix, 
without any intermediate fpace. 

Miller, who is generally a very accurate obferver, fays 
that the piftils and ftamens are fo intermixed as not to be 
eafily diftinguifhable without the aid of glafTes, and that a 
few of the flowers fituate near the extremity of the fpadix 
are fucceeded by berries, but we find the piftils and confe- 
quently the berries^ll at the bafe of the fpadix, the upper 

part 






part of which is occupied by ftamens only, as defcribed by 
Schreber, and thefe parts are fo very diflinft, that we ap- 
prehend Miller's defcription muft have belonged to fome 
other plant and have been inferted in this place by miftake. 

It is very hardy, bearing our milder winters, even without 
ihelter, but to have it flower well it is neceflary to preferve 
it in a greenhoufe, or what is £1 ill better, to aid it by the heat 
of the ftove ; by management it may be made to fhew flowers 
in almoft any month in the year. 

Commelin has remarked, that when this plant has too 
much water given it, this will diftil away in drops from the 
points of the leaves, perfectly limpid and of an acrid tafte. Is 
propagated by offsets from the roots, which it produces in 
abundance. Is a native of the Cape ; found alfo in St. Helena, 
in the rich foil by the fide of the rivulets. Has been man£ 
years common in our gardens. 






INDEX. 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names of t In which the Englifh. Names of 
the Plants contained in the * the Plants contained in the 
Twenty -Fir ft Volume are alpha- $ Twenty- Fir/} Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. a betically arranged. 



PL 

830 

804 
802 
828 
815 
814 
831 
816 
8ao 
788 
829 

799 
80 1 
832 



79 2 
794 
795 
822 
823 
812 
803 
790 

797 
789 
821 
817 
800 
798 
813 
809 

797 
819 

805 
826 
825 
827 
824 
796 
808 
807 

793 
806 

79* 



Achyranthes porrigens. 
Albuca major. 
Aloe cymbiformis. 

humilis, var. [3. 

- margaritifera, mar. media. 

vifcofa. 

Anagallis fruticofa. 

Anthericurn frutefcens. 

Arum bicolor. 

Afclepias carnofa. 

Afpalathus araneofa. 

Afphodelus ramofps. 

Billardiera fcandens. 

Calla iEthiopica. 

Campanula capitata. 

Caffia biflora. 

Chironia anguftifolia. 

Colutea galegifolia. 

Cordia febeftena. 

Dianthus caucafeus. 

Drimia elata. 

Gladiolus hirfutus, vat: $, 

Gnidia fimplex. 

Helonias laeta. 

Hefperanthus radiata, v. caricina. 

Iris fqualens. 

Ixia maculata, var. amethyftina. 

Kitaibelia vitifolia. 

Lachenalia puftulata. 

Lilium canadenfe, <var. «. 



pompomum. 

Malpighia glabra. 

.— volubilis. 

Nymphsa Lotus. 

odorata. 

Ornithogalum caudatum. 
Pancratium caribasum. 
lictnrale. 



rotatum. 



Pitcaimia bromelisefolia. 
Protea pulchella. 
Salvia chamaedrioidts. 
Silene chloraefolia. 
Stapeba pedunculata. 
Tulbagia alliacea. 
Viola cornuta. 



PL 

830 Achyranthes, crimfon-headed. 

804 Albuca, larger. 

805 Aloe, middle-fized pearl-leaved. 

828 narrow-leaved, ftemlefs. 

802 tender-leaved. 

814 triangular. 

816 Anthericurn, onion-leaved. 
801 Appleberry, climbing. 

820 Arum, two-coloured. 

788 Afclepias, thick-leaved. 

829 Afpalathus, hairy. 

799 Afphodel, branched, or Kingfpear. 
8 1 3 Barbadoes-Cherry,fmooth-leaved. 
800 twining. 

881 Bell-flower, cluftered. 
801 Billardiera, climbing. 

792 Bladder-Senna, fmall-leaved. 

882 Calla, Ethiopian. 
810 Caflia, two-flowered. 
807 Catch-fly, Armenian. 
818 Chironia, narrow-leaved. 

794 Cordia, rough-leaved. 

823 Corn-flag, two-flowered, ibaggy, 
822 Drimia, tall. 

787 Flag, brown- flowered. 
812 Gnidia, flax-leaved. 
803 Helonias, channel-leaved. 

790 Hefperanthus, carex-leaved. 

789 Ixia, amcthyftine. 

821 Kitaibelia, vine-leaved, 
817 Lachenalia, bliftered. 

800 Lily, Canadian. 
798 pompone. 

827 Pancratium, large-crowned. 

825 lefler fea-lhore. 

826 Weft-Indian. 

831 Pimpernel, Ihrubby. 

795 Pink, Caucafean. 

824 Pitcaimia, fcarlet-fiowercd. 

796 Protea, fennel-leaved. 

803 Sage, germander. 

793 Stapelia, long-ftalked. 

805 Star of Bethlem, iong-fp'ked. 

806 Tulbagia, Narciffus-leaved. 

791 Violet, horned. 

797 Water-lily, Fgyptian. 
819 fweet-fcented. 



Primed by S. Com hinun, Throgmoi ton-Street) London, 



C URTI S ' 5 

Botanical Magazine; 

o R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^us ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 
VOL. XXII. 



Nee fera comantem 



NarcifTum, aut fiexi tacuiflem vimen acanthi, 
Pallentefque hederas, et amantes littora myrtos. 



Virgil. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- Friars- Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bockfeliers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

M DCCC V. 



mm 




S>d£i HU j,J t i Tuh. hv T.Curtis, , PG&.Cnfemt KwUtoS. 



t % ] 

Eriocephalus Africanus. Cluster- 
Leaved Eriocephalus. 

frifr $ frfr ♦ frM ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ■# 

CAz/} tf»i Order, 
Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Generic Charatler. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus o. CaL 10-phyllus, aequalis. Radii 
flofculi 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ERIOCEPHALUS africanus , foliis integris divififque, flo- 
ribus corymbofis. Linn, Spec. PL 1310. 
Hort. Cliff. 424. Hort. Kew. 3. p. 278. 
Reich. 3. p. 938. 

ERIOCEPHALUS racemofus. Gxrt. Frucl. 2. p. 428. t. 16B. 

ERIOCEPHALUS fempervirens, foliis fafciculatis et digi- 
tatis. Dill. Elth. 132. /. no./. 134. 

ABROTANUM africanum foliis argenteis anguftis, floribus 
umbellatis, capitulis tomentofis. Rati Hijf. 

3-A 2 3 2 - 
ABROTANUM africanum folio tereti tridentato. Walth 

Hort. 1. /. 1. 



We have very little doubt but that Gartner's figure really 
belongs to our plant, though fuppofed by him to be Erio- 
cephalus racemofus, which has very (hort peduncles growing 
in long racemes, and not feveral, in a fort of umbel at the ex- 
tremity of the branch, as in our fpecies, in which there are 
alfo frequently a few fingle flowers growing on peduncles 
longer than the folitary leaves or bra6les towards the extremity 
of the branch, from the axils of which they iffue. As he had 
only dry flowers to examine, it is not to be wondered at that 
Gartner did not find a double calyx ; what he takes to be 

the 



the internal is in reality the external calyx, between which and 
(he inner one is a quantity of white hlky wool : the inner 
calyx is cylindrical, embraces very tightly the florets, confifts 
of one leaf with a five- cleft border, and is entirely concealed 
by the wool. The receptacle is not naked but hairy. It 
frequently happens that all the leaves are entire. A native of 
the Cape of Good Hope. Muft be kept in a greenhoufe 
during the winter months, where it will produce its flowers 
from Chriftmas till March. Propagated by cuttings. 

Our drawing was made from fpecimens received from 
Mr. Cuff, of Twickenham. 

It may be confidered as a very rare plant, though culti- 
vated in 1731, by Dr. James Sherard, in his garden at 
liltham. 



[ 834 ] 

Clematis Florida. Large-Flowered 
Virgin's-Bower. 

Clafs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

Generic Charafter. 
Cal. o. Petala 4 — 6. Sem. caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS fiorida ; (fcandens) foliis decompofitis, petiolis 

axillaribus folitariis unifloris bra&eatis, petalis 

fenis ovatis patentibus. 
CLEMATIS fiorida s foliis decompofitis, foliolis binatis ter- 

natifque, petalis ovatis. Ihunb. Japon. 240. 

Syfi. Veg. 512. 
CLEMATIS fiorida. Mart. Mill. DicJ. 8. Bot. Repof. 402. 
Anemone vel Anemonoides. Houttuyn. Linn. Pfi. Syfi. 7> 

p. 280. /. 55. /. 1. 



The Clematis fiorida is a native of Japan, faid to have 
been introduced to this country by Dr. Fotiiergill, about 
the year 1776 ; but we apprehend that it was the double va- 
riety, which is now not uncommon in our gardens. We have 
never feen it with fingle flowers till very lately, and in this 
ftate it appears with fo different an afpect, as hardly to be 
recognifed for the fame fpecies without particular examina* 
tion. It has been ufual to diftinguifh the fpecies of this genus 
by the leaves, which are in many inftances very fimilar and 
extremely fubject. to vary ; the mode of inflorefcence and 
ftrufture of the flower afford characters much more to be de- 
pended on. 

Our drawing was taken at Meflrs. Whitley and BramES, 
where it flowered in the ftove ; but there is no reafon to 
believe that it is not equally hardy with the double fort, 
which in a fhehered fuuation bears our ordinary winters very" 
well. Propagated by layers* 




JPub /'v TCUrtu S t Gw Cn 






[ 225 ] 

Cheiranthus Armeniacus. Armenian 
Wall-Flower, 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa* 

Generic Character. 

Germen utrinque denticulo glandulato. Cah claufus foliolis 
2 bafi gibbis. Sent, plana. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CHEIRANTHUS armeniacus; caule frutefcente divifo, foliis 
aggregatisincifo-dentatis fuperne latioribus, 
filiquis tetragonis ftigmate bilobo incraffato 
terminatis. 



We received this, as we fuppofe, new Cheiranthus, from 
Mr. Loddiges, of Hackney, who informs us that the feeds 
from whence he raifed it, were gathered on the celebrated 
Mount Arrarat in Armenia-Major. 

It has near affinity with the Cheiranthus eryfimoides, 
figured by Jacquin in his Flora Aujlriaca, but differs in 
having a fhrubby divided ftem, leaves colle&ed in a circle at 
the extremity of the branch and deeper toothed, undulated 
and purple in the winter, flowers growing in longer racemes. 
The peduncles of the flowers are horizontal, of the fruit 
affurgent. 

The flowers, which appear in May, are fweet-fcented. I s 
propagated by feeds or by cuttings. 



MfoS 




Fss6 




■J,./,/ J>„l, 4, Tl urh 



C 836 ] 

POTHOS FCETIDA. STINKING POTHOS, or 
SCUNKWEED. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ $ $$ %$%$%$ 

Oafs and Order, 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 
■ V. 

Olim Gynandria Polyandria. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha. Spadix fimplex teftus. Cal. o. Petala 4. Stam. 4, 
Bacca 2-fpermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

POTHOS foetida s foliis cordatis fpadice fubglobofo. Hort. 

Kew. 3. p. 319. Mart. Mill. Bin. a. 3. Michaux 

Am. Bar. 2. p. 186. 
JDRACONTIUM fcetidum. Spec. PI. 1372. Willd. 2. p. 288. 

Reich. 4. 74. Cold. Noveb. 214. Kalm. It. 3. p. 

47. £<#/. AngL 2. go. Gron. Virg. 141. Mart. 

Mill. Did. a. 3. 
CALLA aquatilis, odore allii vehementer prsedita. Gron. Virg, 

x. p. 186. 
ARUM americanum Betae folio. Catejb. Car. 2. p. 71. /. 71. 
ARUM. 12. Mill. Did. ed. 7. 



This lingular plant, our figure of which, we fufpecr, may 
pafs at firft fight for a drawing of fhells, is a native of North- 
America, from Canada to Virginia. It certainly correfponds 
very well with the character of Pothos as far as regards the 
flower, the berries we have not had an opportunity of feeing ; 
yet Michaux queries if it may not be a congener of Call a 
paluflris j we do not however fee any reafon for fuch a fuppo- 
£tion, the fpadix is covered with diftinft flowers having four 

petals 



petals (according to Jussieu, calycine fcales) with deprefled 
points, four ftamens with incumbent anthers, a conical germen 
terminated with a truncated ftigma, whereas Call a palujiris t 
according to that very accurate obferver, Pollich, has neither 
calyx nor corolla, and each germen is furrounded by many 
ftamens. 

We learn from Michaux, that in America it grows in 
the water, it has therefore been probably badly treated hitherto 
in our gardens ; we have obferved it for feveral years in the 
open border, at MefTrs. Whitley and Brame's, Old Bromp- 
ton, where our drawing was taken. 

In the firft volume of the American Memoirs, the roots of 
this plant are recommeinjed by Dr. Cutler as a ufeful 
remedy in afthma, with a very neceflary caution to fimplers, 
that they do not gather for it the roots of White Hellebore, 
as this likewife goes by the name of Scunkweed. 

It flowered in Mr. Collinson's garden at Peckham, in 
the fpring of the year 1736, from which plant Catesey's 
figure above quoted was taken. The leaves come up after 
the flowering is over. 



Aloe Verrucosa. Warted Aloe. 



Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafter. — Vide N um - 765. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE verrucofa (acaulis, curviflora) foliis diftichis Iorato- 
fubenfiformibus obtufe parumque acuminatis, undi- 
que atque fubconfluenter papillofis ; floribus mediis, 
reflexis ; corolla fubcoalita. G. 

ALOE verrucofa. Tbuni>. 9. Prod. 61. Hort. Kew. 1. ffi- 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 189. Haworth on Aloe in Linn, franf. 
7. p. 12. 

ALOE carinata> v. enfiformis. Decand. PL Gr. 63. 

ALOE dijiicba. (3. Sp. PL 459. 



A Cape fpecies, now very common in our greenhoufes ; 
having been cultivated by Miller fo long ago as 1731. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Malcolm's Nurfery, Ken- 
sington. 

One of the humbler forts, having leaves about 6 — 7 inches 
in length, and far Ihorter than the flower-ftem. 



ERRATA. 

No. 827, 1. 7. for "fejjiflora" read « fefiiflorum." 
lb. 1. penult, for " nether* read " mother." 
lb. p. 2. 1. 2. for " of* read " or** 
No. 828, 1. 13, after «' Aloe" add " humilis." 



X'SJj 










C 838 ] 

Aloe Lingua, var. 3. Crassifolia. Thick- 
Leaved Tongue Aloe. 

» $♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦» 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character.— Fid. N um - 765. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE Lingua (acaulis, curviflora) foliis diftichis Imbricato- 
conduplicantibus, linguaefbrmibus, pun&ulis denfif- 
fimis pruinantibus ad inftar araneae cutis, obfcure va- 
riegatis j corollae laciniis paululum coalitis* G. 

ALOE Lingua. Thunh. Ditf. 11. Prod. 61. Hort. Kew. 1. 
469. mild. Sp. PI. 2, 189. 

ALOE linguaformis. Suppl. 206. Dec and. PL Gr. 68. 

ALOE nigricans. Haworih on Aloe t Linn. J'ranf. 7. 13. 

ALOE dijlicba. Sp. PL 459. 

ALOE foliis foliis enfiformibus diftichis patulis, Hort. Cliff. 
132. Hort. Vpf. 86. Roy. Lugdb. 86. 

£• crajjifolia 5 foliis latioribus brevioribus. Hort. Kew. I. c. 



A Cape fpecies, fotne of the varieties of which are faid by 
THUNBERGto grow on the top of Roodefand mountains near 
the waterfall. We have never yet feen any figure of our 
prefent variety, which was cultivated by Miller in 1731. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Malcolm's Nurfery, 
Kenfmgton. Now common. We cannot agree with Mr. 
Haworth in making this a diftinct fpecies; not finding 
♦ charaders fufficient to diftinguifh it by ; his charaQer of 
" margines integerrim<e" is not by any means conftant. The 
outer furface of the leaves when carefully examined will be 
found to be dotted or chagreened in the manner of a fpider's 
(kin ; they are alfo curioufly conduplicate at their bafes. This 
plant is propagated by offsets, is a free blower, and of ealy 



culture. G. 




J Pub hw T.Curdf. J?Gw I "»/,■> UMayJM 



C I "~" 






[ 839 ] 

TULIPA SUAVEOLENS. EARLY DWARF 

Tulip. 
t ♦ » ft ♦ ft ♦ it ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 717. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TULIPA Juaveolens foliis glaucis, lanceolatis, approximate 
fcapum uniflorum villofum fubaequantibus ; flore 
erecto, campanulato-patulo ; ftaminibas lacinns 
3 — 4 brevioribus ; antheris ftigmata paululum iu- 
perantibus. G. 

TULIPA Juaveolens, RothCatal Bot.i. p. 45. Wttd.Sp.TU 

2. 97*. 
TULIPA pumilio. Lobel.ic. 127. 
TULIPA dubia pumilio. Cluf. Hijl. 148. 



We are glad to fee this beautiful genus beginning to difpiay 
its fpecies in our books, and not considered as a mere collection 
of varieties any more than its neighbours : we find already three 
new ones in Redoute's Liliacees, and our prefent plant has 
but lately received its rank. Has been known among Florifts 
by the.Gallo-Dutch appellation of Due Van Tbol ,- one of the 
earlieft blowers, and the mod ufed for blowing within doors, 
which it does about January, and in open ground in March and 
April. The beft roots come from Holland. Suppofed to be a 
native of the South of Europe ; and, as we think, is fnfficiently 
diftinguifhed by the above fpecific character from all its con- 
geners. 

Very fweet-fcented*. G. 

* At Mr. Curtts's, Florift at Walworth, we have this day (April 21) 
been gratified with the fight of a large bed of this fpecies of Tulip, containing 
many hundred roots, all in full bloffom and very nearly alike in nature, f° rnn,n ? 
a carpet of fcarlet and gold, which, when illumined by the fun, pours tortn 
fuch a blaze of refplendent colouring, as can hardly be conceived. 



JNf&sp 




Srd E*+* rdr id , Tub- far I- Cw-Ut, StGeo: Crefcen-t May 1 IMS. R funfcm sadp , 



C 8 4 o ] 

Eucomis Bifolia. Two-Leaved Eucomis, 
M ♦.♦♦♦ f ♦ ♦ ♦ I i ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. infera, 6-fida, perfiftens, laciniis ereclioribus. Slam, 

ferto brevi membranaceo corollae adnato connexa. Stylus 

apice hamato-curvatus. Germen turbinatum, alato-trilobum, 

membranam ftaminilegam longe fuperans. G. 

Fritillaria. Linn. Basil^a. Jujf. 

Obs. Genus Massoni^; confine ; differ t tubo fere nullo, germine mem* 
branam ftaminilegam longe fuperante, corolla" laciniis nee retroflexis aut re- 
curvis ; quoque babitu habens bulbum aut fquamofum ut in Liho aut fquamofo* 
tunicatum, tunicis crafiis furfumque Jquarrofo-laxatis : educitur quoque hie 
Massonjje umbella vel corymbus in racemum fpicatum comojum aut jub-, 
comofum, fapius etiatn bracJeato-foliofum. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

EUCOMIS bifolia^ foliis geminis carnofo-coriaceis ellipticis, 
depreflb-lineatis recumbentibus, racemo fpicato, 
foliofo-brafteato, parum comofo. G. 

EUCOMIS bifolia, Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 449. Coll, 4. 215. 
Willi, Sp, PL 2, 92. 

MELANTHIUM MajfionUfolium, Bot. Rep. tab. 368. Ubi 
germinis delineatio omnino falfa ; a Melanthio 
tarn habitu quam chara&ere differt, id enim genus 
ebrafteatum bulbo gaudens folido cum tegmine 
cruftaceo, ftigmatibus trinis, fubfeflilibus cap- 
fulas tres conjunclas finientibus. G, 

This plant is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, was in- 
troduced into our gardens by Mr. Hibbert. Our drawing 
was taken at "Mr. Woodford's in March lad. Leaves two, re- 
cumbent, elliptic, flat, broad, coriaceous, rather flemy, depref- 
fedly lineate on the upper furface, fmooth beneath. Scape 
ftipitiform, lefs than a fpan high, thick, fucculent, fomewhat 
clubbed. Raceme nearly feflile, fpiked, many-flowered, hrac- 
teately leafy, fubcomofe. Flowers fubherbaceous, brakes far 
acuminate, patent ; corolla turbinate, rather incurved, fomewhat 
ihorterthan the ftamens; which are incurvedly accumbent to 
the germen. Style filiform, tapering, hooked at the end ; 
ftigma inconfpicuous ; germen turbinate, alately three-lobed, 
protruding far beyond the web that connefls the ftamens a$ their 
faafe. A greenhpufe plant of eafy culture. G. 



N°S4& 




i 




s y A JEJ-rj, del Fiib by TCurtu S'l 



F. ■•*«> . 




x:x// 



C 841 3 

Anemone Coronaria. Poppy Anemone. 

CAt/} tf«d Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Characlcr. 
Col. o. hujus loco involucrum caulinum a flore diflans, 
2 — 3 phyllum. Pctala 5 — 10. Semina plurima mucronata am 
caudata fiylum retinentia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
ANEMONE coronaria; foliis radicalibus ternato decompo- 

fitis: dentibus mucronatis, involucro foliofo, 

feminibus lanatis. IVilld. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 1276. 
ANEMONE coronaria. Linn. Sp. PL 760. Reich. 2. 634. 

Syft. Veg. 510. Hort. Kew. 2. p, 255. 
PULSATILLA foliis decompofitis ternatis. Hort, Cliff. 223. 

Hort. Upf. 155. Roy. Lugdb. 487. 
ANEMONE tenuifolia multiplex mutata florum facie quot- 

armis nova. Hort. Reg. Par. Miller. Icon. 31. 
ANEMONE tenuifolia fimpliei flore. Bauh. Pin. 174. var. 

plurimze. Park. Parad. 208 — 12. 
ANEMONE tenuifolia flore purpureo violaceo. Hort. EyjI. 

Ord. Vern. 1. 
ANEMONE cenanthes folio flore violaceo hexaphyllo. M*rt/, 

HiJI. 2. ^.425. Bauh. Pin. 174. 

The Anemone hortenJIs, figured No. 123 of this work, ha, 
been fometimes called broad-leaved and coronaria narrow- 
leaved; but as cultivated varieties of thefe plants differ much 
in the form of their foliage and but little in that of their 
petals, the late Mr. Curtis thought it bed to diftinguifh the 
former by the name of the Star Anemone and the latter by 
that of the Poppy Anemone, appellations by which the fingle 
kinds at leaft are belt known in our gardens. 

In 1790, when our figure of Anemone hortenjis was puhliihcd, 
that plant was confidertfd as a rarity, but it has fincc been 
much cultivated, and is now become very commpn. The 
fame rage for novelty, which had nearly banifhed all the va- 
rieties of that fpecies, has had confiderable influence in d** 
minifhing the culture of the Poppy Anemone, although there 
is fcarcely any plant that is capable of rendering the flower- 
garden fo gay in the fpring, efpecially if the feafon be favourable 
for its blowing, which unfortunately is not always the cafe. 

A native 



A native of the Levant, of which many varieties were culti- 
vated by Gerard in 1596. Propagates mod abundantly by 
the roots, but the ftrongeft flowering plants are produced from 
feeds, which generally blow on the fecond year. The feed 
fhould be cholen from the fineft plants and fown about the 
beginning of Auguft, either in the open border in large pans 
or boxes, or fmall cucumber frames, the more curious prefer 
the laft. There is fome handinefs required in fowing this feed; 
for being furnifhed with a light downy fubftance*, they adhere 
together and are with great difficulty feparated, fo as to fall fingly 
on the ground ; this is beft effefted by rubbing the feeds over the 
earth intended to receive them through a fine wire fieve ufed 
for fifdng the mould ; when fown it is to be covered about half 
an inch thick and kept carefully watered, and (haded with 
mats in hot dry weather. The earth fhould be light and as 
much as poflible free from worms. Before the winter the 
plants will be pretty ftrong, but fhould be carefully protected 
from froft. All of them fhould be taken up the next fummer 
and planted again in the autumn at the diftance of five or 
fix inches apart. 

The roots of Anemones mould be taken up every year or 
at furtheft every fecond year, and this fhould be done as foon 
as the foliage turns brown, which is in about fix weeks from 
the time of their blowing, and they fhould not be planted in 
the fame fpot more than two years, frefh earth being effential 
to their vigorous blowing. 

Jnftead of planting them in the autumn fome of the roots 
may be referved till February or March, by which means all 
danger from fevere froft is avoided and a fucceffion of bloom 
procured. The kind of earth they are planted in is not very 
material, provided it be frefh, and light rather than ftiff*- 
but for the more curious double varieties, Florifts ufe a com- 
poft formed of two parts, of frefh hazel mould and one part 
of rotten cow-dung, kept together for a year and frequently 
turned, to incorporate them thoroughly. 

When froft fets in fevere, the roots mould be protefted 
by covering the ground with ftraw or fern, or by fome other 
method that may occafion lefs litter. The Situation chofen 
fhould be open yet warm, and as Parkinson, who feems to 
have well underftood the culture of thefe flowers, obferves, 
" not annoyed with the fmoake of brewers, dyers, or mault- 
" kus. 

* This down grows from the external coat of the feed, efpecially at its bafe, 
but the feed is deftitute of the feathered arifta, which occurs in fome other fpecics, 
being merely terminated with the oblique perfiftent ftyle. Willdenow has 
tlierefore in our opinion very properly removed the Anemone coronaria to the 
lection Jeminibtu ecaudatis, or having feeds without awns. 




ylXimAU I'ub h T Cuihs. S k Geo Cre/ccnt tetu uaffS. -/"'"«' 



[ 8 4 2 ] 

Neottia Glandulosa. Glandulous 
Neottia. 

.>5l..^t.J&.^i..J^'i..^Jt.^'«.J r •^.>'*^^..^'i..^ f «,J^'4.^ , ' %'«. A 
<;» ^j» ^ «v» 1* •»♦ W '»» 1**F I* T W*F *i r 

C7#/} #77^ Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. ringens : petalis lateralibus antice circa bafin ne&arii 
ventricofum connexis. Anthera ftylo parallela, portice inferta. 
Swart z mutatis termini s. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

NEOTTIA glandulofa ; foliis ovalibus bafi conduplicatis ob- 
folete multinerviis, floribus fparfis pedunculitis. 



In the form of the root and general habit, this plant corre- 
fponds with N eott i a JpecioJa y but differs confiderably in the 
form of the flower; there is however a great fimilarity in the 
ftructure of the ftyle, which is four-fided, truncate, and ter- 
minated with a fharp coloured point, and is hollowed out in 
the upper furface to receive the anther or anthers ; for Swartz 
confiders this plant, with mod of the orchide<e, as monandrous, 
having a two-celled anther, in each of which is a diftincl lobe 
or mafs of pollen, the fcarious membrane containing thefe 
lobes is confidered by Jacquin as the filament, but in our 
plant there is a fhort flefliy fubftance rifing from the bafe of 
the ftyle, which we fhould call the filament, as it fupports the 
anther and raifes it out of the hollow of the ftyle when thefe 
parts are feparated. Thefe 1 organs are at firft all enclofed 
within the nectarium. 

On the lower part of the fcape is one or two ftem-embracing 
leaves, which degenerate upwards into me-re fpathes. The 

upper 



upper part of the fcape, the peduncles* germen, and outer 
furface of the external petals are covered with hairs terminated 
■with a fmall round gland. 

Scentlefs. Flowered the latter-end of January laft, in the 
bark ftove, at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, who imported it 
from the Weft-Indies. 



F.&& 




0'*d . £jjwili-*b Ja 



TCurha 



'/ ' JlOU JJi 



C 843 ] 

Astragalus Montanus. Mountain 
Milk-Vetch. 

^ nfrfr fr ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ » M ♦ ♦ ♦ ft $ i $ 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Charatler. 
Legumen biloculare gibbum. Sem, biferialia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ASTRAGALUS montanus ; acaulis, foliolis lanceolatis acutis 

fubpilofis, fcapis erefclis folio vix longioribus, 

floribus laxe fpicatis ere£tis, leguminibus 

oblongis pubefcentibus acumine inflexo. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 3. 1302. 
ASTRAGALUS montanus. Sp. PL 7 6o. Roy. Lugd. 392. 

Jacq. Vindob. 264. Ej. Flor. Aufl. t. 167. 

Scopoli Carniol. n. 942. /. 45. Villars PL 

Dauph. 3. p. 465. 
ASTRAGALUS foliis ovatis lanceolatis, fericeis, filiquis 

ere&is, inflatis fubhirfutis. Hall. Helv. n. 

408. 
PHACA montana. Crantz. Aujlr. 422. 
ASTRAGALOIDES alpina purpurea villofa pumila, foliis 

brevioribus acuminatis. Till. Pif. p. 19. /. 

14./ 3- 
ASTRAGALUS quidam montanus vel Onobrychis aliis. Bauh, 

HiJL 2. p. 339. (non 240.) Rati Hiji. 937. 
ONOBRXCHIS floribus viciee majoribus caeruleo-purpuraef- 
centibus five foliis tragacanthae. Bauh. Pin. 

35 1 - 

ONOBRYCHIS IV. CUtf. Hifl. 2. p. 240. Ej. Pan. 757. 

OXYTROPIS montana ; fubacaulis, villofa, leguminibus 
ereftis tereti-oblongis villofis ftylo acumi- 
natis femibilocularibus, carinis breviter mu- 
cronatis. Decand. Ajlrog. p. 53. n. 1. 

Descr. Root perennial. Leaves all radical, odd-pinnate; 
leaflets 12 — 14 pair, ovate-acuminate, very hairy, feffile, the 

lower 



lower pairs diftant, upper ones almoft imbricate. At the bafe 
of the leaves are lanceolate ere£t imbricate ftipules. From 
fome of the figures of this plant, it appears that thefe ftipules 
cover a branched ftalk for fome extent above the ground be- 
fore the leaves are thrown out, but as cultivated the leaves 
iffue clofe to the ground. Scape about the length of the 
leaves, very hairy, three or four inches high, bearing a fhort 
loofe head of flowers of a reddifh purple, when they firft 
appear, but foon changing blue. Peduncles very fhort, each 
furniflied with a fmall membranous, awl-fhaped, hairy, per- 
filtent bratle, not half the length of the Calyx, which is tubular : 
limb five-cleft: two upper fegments fhorter, diftant: three 
lower longer and approximate. Cor. vexillum ovate-emargi- 
nate, fides reflected, ftriped : alse one-half fhorter than vexil- 
lum, fupported from near the middle on a filiform claw. Carina 
ftill fhorter, undivided. Stamens diadelphous. Germen flipi- 
tate : Sligma acute. Our plant produced no pods ; but, ac- 
cording to Villars, who certainly defcribes the fame fpecies, 
thefe are inflated, villous at firft, but afterwards often fmooth, 
always pendulous. In fome of the figures and defcriptions 
above quoted the pods are ereft, in others pendulous ; in 
fome cylindrical, in others inflated ; which would lead to the 
fufpicion that the fynonyms were not quite correft ; but it 
may be obferved, that they are at firft ereft, and when mature 
pendulous, as we obferve from the fpecimens in the Bankfian 
Herbarium. 

Decandolle in his Aflragalogia (vide Annals of Botany, 
V. i. p. 23) has attempted a feparation of this immenfe genus 
into feveral, and called the divifion to which this belongs 
Oxyiropis, from the fharp-pointed carina. 

A native of moft of the Alps of the South of Europe ; but, 
as Pallas has remarked, is no where found in Siberia, 
though the moft fruitful in Aftragali of any country in the 
world. 

Our drawing was made from a plant fentus by Mr. Loddiges, 
of Hackney. 



C 844 ] 

Epacris Pungens. Rigid Epacris. 
» ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ■ 

Oafs and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Qjaracler. 

Cal. duplex : exterior imbricatus. Germen cinclum fqua- 
mulis 5. Capf 5-locularis, 5-valvis : valvulis medio feptifens. 
Sem. plurima. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EPACRIS pungens s foliis imbricatis ovato-acuminatis rigid" 
pungentibus, corollis infundibuliformibus : lacimis 
mucronulatis. 

EPACRIS pungens. Cavan. Icon. v. 4. p. 26. /. 34°^ 



The fpecific chara&er of Epacris grandifiora in Willde- 
now's Species Plantarum will equally anfwer for this fpecies, 
which, though very like the former in the foliage, is however 
totally different in the form of the corolla, having a tube not 
much exceeding the limb, whereas the tube of grandifiora is 
cylindrical, and exceeds the limb in length many times. 

Though this fpecies frequently occurs among dried fpecirnens 
fent from New South-Wales, we have not heard of any living 
plant in this country except the one from which our drawing 
was made in March laft, fent us by Mr. Colville, Nurfery- 
man, in King's-Road, Chelfea. The whole plant confifted 
of one fimple Item, but among dried fpecirnens it ufually oc- 
curs branched, in this ftate too the limb of the corolla is 
perfectly white and the red colour is feen only in the tube 
and the unopened flower-buds ; in our plant a blufh-colour 
pervaded the whole flower, but very pale on the infide the 
limb and much deeper in the tube and buds. . 

It is a greenhoufe fhrub, and feems equally hardy with 
others from the neighbourhood of Port-Jackfon. Was railed 
from feeds imported from that country, and whether it will 
admit of being propagated in any other way we are as >e 
uncertain. 



K 



fW*' 



F&44 



htllff XOtriit 



fcerU . h, n* 



LY.O ! 




] J i/hh<. 77 '///■//.<■ A' ( h 



Vi Turif 1 



[ H5 ] 
Crocus Biflorus. Scotch Crocus. 

fl Mj ft » » » ♦ $ » » f » |i » » ft » 

C/a/j #»^ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spatha bivalvis, membranacea, valva interior adrriodum an- 
guftior, altera contenta. Cor. fiipera infundibuliformis, erefta, 
tubus ftipitatim elongatus, partim fubterraneus, limbus fub- 
sequaliter 6-partitus, amplus, regularis. Stigm. 3, involuto- 
complicata et plana, aut cucullato-cava, furfum latiora, erofa 
aut multifida. G. in Ann. of Bot. v. 1. p. 221. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS biflotus bulbo-tubere teclo tunicis laevigatis, putami- 
neis, circinato-imbricatis : corollae fauce nudo. G. 
CROCUS biflorus. Bot. Rep. PL 362. Mill. Dicl. ed. 8. n. 4* 
CROCUS vernus j3. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 2. 
CROCUS vernus ftriatus vulgaris. Park. Parad. 162? 



Why this is called the Scotch Crocus we are equally at a 
lofs to account for, as for the adoption of the fpecific title. 
It is certainly no native of Scotland, but, as Mr. Salisbury 
informs us, moft probably of Italian or Afiatic origin, but on 
what authority he believes fo he does not tell us. This gentle- 
man fays he has a variety with quite white fpathes, not tawny 
as in our plant, and with higher coloured flowers. Is one of 
the earlieft blowers and perfectly hardy. 

Our drawing was taken in February, at Mr. Williams's 
Nurfery, Turnham-Green, where both varieties grow in abun- 
dance. 

If our fynonym from Parkinson* be correct, it is a very 
old inhabitant of our gardens, and is certainly one of the 
moft defirable of the genus. G. 



[ 8 4 6 ] 

Ixia Erecta, v. Lutea. Yellow 
Upright Ixia. 

■foMHMs- » ♦♦#♦♦#♦♦*♦♦♦ ■ 

Oafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatba bivalvis. CorolU tubus gracilis, pedunculoideus, 
ereftus, fuperius vix dilatatus ; limbus ferme ufque ad tubum 
partitus, regularis, fubaequalis, patens ; lacinise planiores, raro 
deorfum in faucem conniventes aut breviter turbinato-confer- 
ventes. Fil. limbo valde breviora, aut patentia, aut conflec- 
tentia, aut fafciculata, vel etiam cuniculato-concreta. Cap/. 
membranacea, orbiculato-ovata, torulofa. Sem, plurima gio- 
bofa. G. in Ann. Bot. v. 1. p. 226. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

IXIA erecla; fpatha membranacea tubo filiformi breviore, 
laciniis patentiffimis oblongo-ovalibus immaculatis, ft'g- 
matibus ufque tubum difcretis, antheris filamentis lon- 
gioribus. G. Fid. fupra N um - 623, ubi fynonyma qu&* 
renda. 

IXIA erecla (3. corollis aurantiacis. 

IXIA erecla. J acq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. /. 18. 



This very pleafing variety of Ixia erecla flowers in May 
and June ; is of equal eafy culture with the other, although 
far lefs common. G. 



EMEND ANDUM. 

No. 840, line 13, pro " quoque habilu habem bulbum aut Jquamofum utmLd'°M 
fquamofo tunkatum, tunich crajjis," lege " etiam habitu habem bulbum tutiicatu 
tunic is fa pins crajjis," &c. 



Vte6 




SyJEJ^is <U lui h 



[ 847 3 

Babiana Tubiflora, var. ol. Long- 
Tubed Babiana. 

#♦»♦♦♦»♦♦♦»♦ »♦ ♦ » % ♦ » 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Spatha e majoribus, trivalvoidea, intima valva partita vel 
interdum profunde fiffa reploque hyalino interftin&a. Cor. 
deorfum infundibuliformiter tubulofa, limbus 6-partitus, regu- 
laris et fubaequalis, modo fubirregularis vel etiam maxime 
difformis. Stigmata 3, patentia, gladioloidea. Cap/, rotundato- 
ovata, coriacea, torofa. Sem. plura baccata, globofa, inferius 
attenuata, denuo corrugata, fere mutua preffione deformata. 
Gawler in Annals of Bot. v. up. 233. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

BABIANA tubiflora ; foliis fpathifque diilichis hirfutis molli- 
bus, tubo re&o filiformi-turbinato limbum irregu- 
larem 3 — 4plo excedente, lacinia fuprema remo- 
tiore, cseteris convergentibus, fcapo foliis plicatis 
perbreviore. G. 

BABIANA tubiflora a. Vid. Jupra N um - 680, ubi fynonyma 
vidcnda. 



This is made by Jacquin a diftinft fpecies from the one 
figured above at No. 680, which he calls tubata ; but we own 
we cannot fee a fliadow of fpecific diftinaion ; befides we 
have other intermediate varieties, all which would alfo claim 
to be fpecies upon as good grounds. G. 



N°cUJ 




EJ**rl,J,l Tuh.by Tt 



June l ISO J F J an/cm radii 



C 8 4 8 ] 

Massonia Latifolia. Broad-Leaved 
Massonia. 

*>♦♦»♦ $M ♦♦♦♦♦♦*% * 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. — Fid. N m - 559. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

MASSONIA latifolia foliis fubrotundis, patentibus, nudis, 

glabris. G. 
MASSONIA latifolia. Linn. Suppl. 193. fhunb. Ditf. Nov. 

Gen. 2. p. 40. Prod. 60. Hort. Kew. 1. />. 405* 

/. 3. mud. sp. pi. 2. 28. 



A native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it was found 
by Th un berg and Masson in Rogge-Veld country. In- 
troduced into Kew Gardens by Mr. Francis Masson, in 

1775- , 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's from rather 
a fmall fpecimen. Is of eafy culture, requiring to be kept in 
the greenhoufe, where it flowers very early in the fpring. Q\ 



TS4S 




<iyJ£J*ar<L M Pub bv T(urhs. &&eo.CrefcentJitnt JMV F. 



C 849 ] 

Sarracenia Purpurea. Broad-Lipped 
Purple Side-Saddle-Flower. 

Clafs and Order, 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 780. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

SARRACENIA purpurea ; foliis decumbentibus, fcapo bre- 
Vioribus : tubo gibbo inflato : ala ventrali 
latiffima arcuata : appendice fubreniformi 
margine finuata. 

SARRACENIA purpurea. Linn. Sp. PL 728. Edit. Willd. 
v. 2. p. 1150. Bart. Elem. tab. 1. 

SARRACENIA purpurea; foliis brevibus tubo ventricofo 
gibbo, fauce coar&ato ; ala ventrali arcuatim 
elatiore ; appendice erecta fubreniformi- 
cordata, mutica, feflili : flore purpureo. Mi- 
chaux Fl. Bor. Am. v. 1. p. 310. 

SARRACENA canadenfis foliis cavis et auritis. Tourn. Injl. 

°57« 
BUCANEPHYLLON americanum. Pluk. Amalth. 46. /. 376. 
f.6. 

The Sarracenia purpurea, being a native of Canada, 
fliould be fufficiently hardy to bear our winters in the open 
air, but, perhaps from fome error in the treatment, it has 
feldom been made to flower without artificial heat ; we fhould 
recommend its being planted in bog earth, in a moift fhady 
fituation, where the ground is generally covered with mofs. 

There is however another fpecies with purple flowers, the 
Sarracenia pfittacina of Michaux, which we have leen 
at Mr. Woodford's, and this being a native of the more 
fouthern States of North- America, is probably more tender. ^ 

Our drawing was made at Meflrs. Lee and Kennedys, 
Nurferymen, at Hammerfmith, in the middle of laft March, 
andwe received a fpecimen in fine flower but imperfeft in its 
foliage, in April of the preceding year, from Mr. Lod dices. 
Said in the Hortus Kewenfis to be introduced by Mr. Joh* 
Tradescant, jun. before the year 1640. 



JVi'Ay 




[ 850 ] 

K.EMPFERIA GALANGA. GaLANGALE, 
♦*+MH|HWH|HM*HHiH|H* 

Oafs and Order, 

MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

CaL obfoletus. Cor. 6-partita : laciniis tribus majoribus pa- 
tulis unica bipartita. Stigma bilamellatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

KjEMPFERIA Galanga; foliis ovatis feffilibus, laciniis co- 
rollae externis lanceolato linearibus. 

KjEMPFERIA Galanga. Spec.Plant.fr Willd.\§. Reich.fr 
Hort. Cliff. 2. /. 3. 

ALPINIA fejilis. Kcenig apud Retz. fafc. 3. p. 62. 

SONCORUS. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 173. /. 69. /. 2. 

WANHOM. K<empf. Amaen. 901. /. 902. 

KATSJULA kelenger. Rheede Malab. 11. p. 81. /. 41. 



Loureiro, in his Flora Cochin-Chinenfis, has obferved, 
that the lower fegment of the corolla, defcribed and figured 
by Linn ^us, in his Hortus Cliffortianus, as bifid, is in reality 
four-toothed j and Profefibr Marty n, in his Gardener's and 
Botanift's Dictionary, has altered the defcription accordingly, 
but our plant has the lower inner lacinia divided, into two 
obovate fegments, and in every refpeft correfponds with the 
defcription of Linnaeus. 

The roots of Galangale were formerly kept in the apothe- 
cary's (hop, but in modern practice are totally difregarded. 
They appear however to be pofiefled of considerable ftimu- 
lating powers, and may therefore have deferved fome of the 
reputation they have acquired in the Eaft, although of little 
value when dried and brought to our markets, where fmular 
and far more efficacious drugs abound. 

Introduced in 1728, by Charles Dubois, Efq. but is now 
very rare. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, at VauxhalU 
in Auguft laft. 



2PS30 




\I£J**rJ, ,u Pui h ) Tt urtu S?G*> < 



[ 8 5 i ] 

COB^EA SCANDENS. CLIMBING CoBjEA. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cat. l-phyllus, 5-fidus. Cor. i-petala campanulata. NeH. 
corpus 5-gonum glandulorum germen cihgens. Organa dech- 
nata. Filamenta demum fpiralia. Cap/. 3 — 5-locularis. Sent. 
plurima imbricata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

COBiEA fc aniens. 

COB;EA Jcandens ; caule fcandente foliis abrupte pinnati* 

eirrhofis : pinnutis ovatis. Cavan. Icon. p. *£• 

/. 16, 17. 
COBBEA Jcandens. Bot. Repof. t. 342. 



This elegant climber promifes to be one of the greateft or- 
naments of our confervatories, growing with aftoniftiing rapi- 
dity and being eafily propagated by cuttings. It appears to 
have been firlt raifed in Europe, in the royal garden at Madrid, 
and was defcribed and figured by Profeffor Cavan illes, m 
the firfl: volume of his Icones, but not taken up by Willde- 
now in his Species Plantarum. Is a native of Mexico, wher e 
it goes by the name of Tedra Morada, or Violet Ivy. The 
flowers are at firfl: green, but gradually change to a fine violet; 
and the ftyle and ftamens, which at an early ftage are fhorter 
than the corolla, are afterwards protruded confiderably beyond 
it, the filaments becoming twilled in a fingular manner. 

It received its name from Father Co bo, a learned Jen" 1 * 
who, after a refidence of more than forty years in America, 
wrote a Natural Hiftory of the New World, in ten books, 
about the middle of the feventeenth century, which though it" 
extant has never been publilhed. 

Our drawing was taken in July 1784, at Mr. Woodford s, 
Vauxhall. 



I P cW 




[ 8 5 2 ] 
Hyoscyamus Physaloides. Purple- 
Flowered Henbane. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis obtufa. Stam. inclinata. Cap/, oper- 
culata, 2-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HYOSCYAMUS phyfaloides ; foliis ovatis integerrimis caly- 
cibus inflatis fubglobofis. Sp. Plant. 258. 
Willd. 1012. Reich. 501. Hort. Up/ah 44- 
Arnan. Acad. v. 7. p. 436. /. 6. ./. 1. Hort. 
Kew. 1. p. 241. Mart. Mill. Dift. n. 7. 
Me er burgh Icones, /, 5. 



We learn from Hortus Kewenfis, that this plant was intro- 
duced in the year 1777, by Meffrs. Gordon and Gruffer; 
it is however (till very rare ; and, except the very indifferent 
ones above referred to, we believe there is no figure of it 
extant. 

A native of Siberia, where an infufion of it, taken in- 
ternally, is fuppofed to have the very ufeful virtue of making 
a culprit confefs all the crimes he may have perpetrated. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant at Mr. Salisbury s 
Botanic Garden at Brompton. 

Flowers in April or May. 



JF<rs2 




SvJjSA^j,^ 1 Tub-by TCUN*r. J?&*?.- Cm/cent Juh i 14VS 




m&y 



'Jd. Fub.by T. Curtis, Jf&ee; Crefant Juh I L8t « -*»4 



[ 8 53 ] 

Fritillaria Latifolia. Broad-Leaved 
Fritillaria. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 664. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA latifolia foliis virentibus, paucis, lanceolato- 
oblongis, verfus fupernam fcapi. partem fere 
comofo-approximatis, pedunculum obval- 
lantibus ; corollae laciniis oblongo-ovalibus, 
furfum incurvulis, obtufatis. G. 

FRITILLARIA latifolia. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 92. Lil. a Redoute 
tab. 51. 

FRITILLARIA lutea maxima. Park. Parad. p. 43. /. 41. 
/.8. 

FRITILLARIA lutea praeftanftiflima nedum defcripta — 
Fritillaria flore luteo. Swert. Floril. t. 7. /. 6. 

FRITILLARIA flore pleno. Hort. Eyjl. Vern. Ord. <$. fol. 8. 

MELEAGRIS flos maximus Italicus. Id. eod. f. 1. ? 



This has a much larger bulb than Fritillaria meleagris, 
and is, we think, very fufliciently diltinguifhed by the above 
fpecific character ; thofe that wifh to know the minuter 
differences between the two, will find them largely detailed, 
in Redoute's IAliaceis y and concifely in Willdenow, by 
whom the plant was firft raifed to the rank of a fpecies ; in 
the figure of Redoute which is very characteriftic the colour 
of the flower is confiderably paler than in ours and the leaves 
appear flatter, or rather more expanded, circumftances that 

arc 



are very unliable in mod of the fpecies of this genus. Park- 
inson defcribes the colour as a " dark yellowifh purple, 
*' fpotted with fome fmall red checkers ;" adding, that the 
fpecies blooms later than others; Willdenow faysfooner; 
with us it did fo about the latter-end of April. 

Ftom fome of the above-cited authors it appears to be of 
Italian origin ; Redoute gueffes the South of Europe ; to 
Willdenow the habitat was unknown. As we did not fee 
the flower in a ftate fufficiently perfeft for infpe£iion, we can 
give no opinion on the correftnefs of the minuter differences 
fek cled by the above Botanifts. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Williams's Nurfery, 
Tuinham-Green. G. 




Tub. kv T Curtis SP Gte.Crefcent JuhihSVS £J 



[ 8 54 ] 

Lachenalia Orchioides (y). Sessile- 
Flowered Lachenalia. 

♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦.♦Mi ♦♦♦♦ ■ ♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cor. infera, fexpartita, campanulato-cylindrica, vel lato- 
campanulata ; laciniae extimae fubcalycinae, breviores, magis 
acutae. Organa affurgentia. Cap/, ovato-triquetra. Sem, plura 
globofa. G. 

Obs. Radix bulbui tunicatus ; folia i-plurima, teneriora, fucculenta. 
Scapus carnofus. Flares fpicato-racemofi, de paucis et remotis numerofi 
atque conferti evadentes. Connetlitur for/an cum Drimia ffua proximo 
vicinaj ambigua ea fpecie Lachenalia anguftifolia ; dijlinguitur ge- 
nerics Jiigmate JimpliciJJimo, corolla non revoluta, capjula non jubhextedra 
neque Jlipitata ; differt porro bulbi habitu, G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA orchioides (flore medio) foliis fubbinis, lorato- 
oblongis ; racemo multifloro ; corollis fub- 
feffilibus, urceolato-cylindricis ; laciniis in- 
timis obtufis, alteris tertia parte longioribus, 
patulo-porre&is j extimis fubconvergenti- 
bus. G. 

LACHENALIA orchioides. Hort. Kew. 1. 460. Jacq. lc. 
Rar. 2. /. 390. Coll. 3. 241. JVilld. Sp. 
PL 2. 172. 

PHORMIUM hyacinlhoides. Suppl. 204. 

HYACINTHUS orchioides Sp. PL 455. 

MUSCARI orchioides. Mill. Dicl. 5. 

(y) corolla viridi-purpurafcens fed obfoletius. G. 



One of the moft variable of the genus both in fize and colour, 
as well as in the marking of the leaves ; alfo the oldeft recorded 

inhabitant 



inhabitant of our gardens. Root fmallifh ; leaves and ftem 
more or lefs variegated or fpotted, efpecially downwards; 
according to its flowering ftronger or weaker the raceme has 
a greater or leffer comofe appearance ; in fome ftrong native 
fpecimens where the raceme flowers entirely, this appearance 
is but flightly perceived. 

An inhabitant of the Cape of Good Hope ; a hardy green- 
houfe plant, flowering about April or May. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Williams's Nurfery, 
Turnham-Green. G. 




:*/ lui 



ty l.Curtia 



[ *55l 

Trillium Erythrocarpum. Funnel- 
Flowered Trillium. 

C/d/jr <z#^ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N ttm - 470. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRILLIUM erythrocarpum foliis fubrhombeo-ovatis, bafi at- 
tenuatis, furfum acuminatis ; flore ere£tiufculo ; 
petalis unguiculatis, fubcontorto-conduplicanti- 
bus, deorfum fubcylindrice convergentibus, la- 
minis ovatis, patentibus. G. 

TRILLIUM erythrocarpum foliis bafi rotundatis, fubcordatis, 
abrupte fubpetiolatis : flore erecliufculo : laci- 
niis petaloideis fubduplis, ovali-lanceolatis, re- 
curvatis, albis, inferne purpurafcentibus : bacca 
oblonga, coccinea. Michaux Bor-Amer. 1. 216. 

TRILLIUM grandiflorum. Parad. Lond. Tab. 1. exclufo fy- 
nonymo. 



A native of the higher mountains of North-Carolina, and, 
according to Michaux, of Hudfon's-Bay ; others have found 
it in Canada. The Bankfian Herbarium contains a native, as 
well as an imported cultivated fpecimen from the Kew Gardens, 
where it was moft probably introduced by Mr. Masson. 
The fame collection contains a fpecies from Kamfchatka, 
exceedingly like this, but differing in having oblong petals 
without ungues ; the flower of this alfo is white : it may be 
named Trillium camfcbatcenfe ,• feems to be a much larger 
plant than the American. 

Our prefent fpecies is named by Michaux erythrocarpum 
from the fcarlet berry, fince thofe of the others are black ; 
but we have fome doubts whether it be not the fame plant with 

what 



what he makes variety (<y) of his Trillium rhomhideum t 
yet none, if that fhould be the cafe, but that it is fpecifically 
different from the other varieties, the firft of which is no other 
than the Trillium ercftumol Linnaeus. Poffibly the berry 
might have been fcarlet, from being in an immature flate when 
examined ; this is however mere conjecture. At all events our 
plant appears to us a diftinct fpecies, not a variety of Trillium 
ereftum (Michaux's rhomboideum) ; and is, we do not doubt, 
the erythrocarpum of the above author. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, 
Brompton. Thrives belt in a moift ftiady fituation planted 
in bog earth. 

The flowers as they fade become purplifh, as many other 
white ones do. G. 



W8S$ 




Tub. by TCuTtu S t ~Ge<>--CnefiVHti7 : uly.UJVS- 



C 8 5 6 ] 

PlTCAIRNIA LATIFOLIA. BROAD-LEAVED 
PlTCAIRNIA. 

,ft ♦ $ M$M£&A ♦ .♦.♦■■♦ ♦ $ ■ ♦ 

C/d/3r and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid, N um - 824. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PlTCAIRNIA latifolia foliis fubintegris, parciflime atque 
abrupte fpinofo-dentatis ; racemo confertiore; 
bra&eis pedicellos asquantibus. G. 

PlTCAIRNIA latifolia. Hort. Kew. 1. 401. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
10. Lil. a Redout?, t. 74. Bot. Rep. t. 322. 



The diftin&ion of Pitcairnia bromeliafolia and latifolia 
in the Hortus Kewenfis is taken from the leaves, thofe of 
the former being defcribed as having edges ciliated with 
fpines, of the latter as being fubfpinefcent at the bafe only ; 
but we have obferved the radical leaves of the bromeliafolia 
to be entirely free from fpines except for one or two inches be- 
yond the bafe, while thofe growing on the fcape have been ci- 
liated their whole length, and in the prcfent fpecies fpines do oc- 
cur, though thinly fcattered, to the very extremity of the leaf. 
The relative difference in the length of the pedicle and brafte 
appears to us to afford a better and a more conftant character ; 
the bromeli<efolia has long horizontal pedicles with bra&es not 
half their length ; in latifolia the bra&es are at lead equal to and 
often twice the length of the pedicles, which are fhort and 
afcendent. The name of broad-leaved can only be proper, in 
contradiftin&ion to the narrow-leaved fpecies ; for in brome- 
li<efoha they are even rather broader than here. 

A native 



A native of the Weft-Indies ; requiring to be kept in the 
bark-bed of the ftove. 

Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Brame and Whitley's 
Nurfery, Old-Brompton, in April, from a fpecimen with 
deeper coloured flowers than common ; thefe are ufually con- 
fiderably paler than in the bromeli<efolia. Flowers more generally 
the latter-end of the fummer. 

Introduced by Mr. Alexander Anderson, in 1785. G. 



[ 8 57 ] 

Fritillaria Obliqua. Violet-Flowered 

Fritillary. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 664. * 



Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA obliqna foliis glauciffimis, numerofis, con- 
fertius fparfis, obliquatis ; racemo pauci- 
floro ; corolla obovato-campanulata, fub- 
cyathiformi, deorfum fenfim anguftata ; 
laciniis obovato oblongis, ad fummitatem 
confle&enter incurvulis. G. 



Except in fize, fewnefs of flowers, and the pedicles having 
a leaf on or near them, we can fee no difference between this 
and Fritillaria per/tea; but as we did not fee the flowers be- 
fore they were tot) far decayed for defcription, poffibly we loft 
the opportunity of difcovering other diftinclions. Of what 
country a native we are uncertain ; in the Bankfian Herbarium 
we faw a four-flowered fpecimen ftated to have been fent by 
Jacquin, but without any notice of the habitat; it is there con- 
founded with the many- flowered variety of Fritillaria pj* 
renaica, from which, however, it is fufficiently diftinft. Our 
drawing was taken from Mr. Williams's Nurfery, at Turnham- 
Green, a collection in which there are many rare liliaceous 
plants ; he received it from Holland. Seems to be of the fame 
degree of hardinefs as F. perfica ; flowers in our gardens the 
firfl of the genus. When we have an opportunity of givmg 
the Perfian fpecies, we mall offer fome further obfervations on 
the diftin&ions between the two fpecies. G. 



. 




X°S6] 



Tub, bv TCurtij. S?&*>: C re/cent Ana i 



[ 8 5 8 ] 

Lilium Canadense (£). Deep-Coloured 
Canadian Lily. 

#♦$$♦♦$♦♦$♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Cbaracler. — Fid. N um - 800. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LILIUM canadenfe caule virefcente ; foliis lanceolatis, tri- 

nerviis, fubtus ad nervos hirtulis, remotius verti- 

cillatisj umbella l-multifloraj corollis cemuis tur- 

binato campanulatis furfum recurvo patentibus. G. 

|3 flore lateritio-fufcefcente. Vide N um ' 800, ubi fynonyma 

petenda. 



This is a more fhewy variety of the Canadian Lily than the one 
before figured ; both vary in number of flowers. Michaux, 
whofe obfervations were made from wild plants, fays, that three 
are the moft ufual number : a figure of one in its uncultivated 
Hate may be feen in Barton's Elements of Botany. G. 



trass 



1 







Pith h TCurtu ■ ^Gee t refctrtl Am l '■ 




E8fy 



&JJPJ***, dd Tub by TCurtu, S^fieo Cre/cmS A up 2.2*® F, ?*>&* ~f 




[ 8 59 ] 

Scilla Serotina. Brown-Flowered 

Squil. 

Clqfs and Order. 

HeXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charafter.-^-Vid. N os - 663 8c 746. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

SCILLA ferotina racemo fpicato, nutante, fubfecundo ; bra&eis 
folitariis, fubfagittato-ovatis, ariftatis; corolla ultra 3 
quartas partes divifa ; laciniis intimis cylindrico- 
conniventibus, partim cohaerenterincumbentibus, ex- 
timis recurvo-patulis; ftylis trinisconjun&is. G. 

LACHENALI A ferotifta. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 175. 

DIPCADI ferotina. UJleri Ann. St. 2. p. 13. 

HYACINTHUS/^™//^. Sp. PL 453. Cava*. Ic. 18. /. 30. 
Gcertn. Sem. & Fr. 38. /. 12. Desf. FL At I. 1. 
p. 307. Hort. Kew. 1. 457. Syn. Stir p. Indig. 
Arragon. 44. 

ALBUCA minor. Gleditjck aft. Berol. 1769. (necut in Willd. 

HYACINTHUS obfoleto flore hifpanicus. Ger. Emac. 115. 

/ 14. 
HYACINTHUS obfolete coloris hifpanicus ferotinus. Ciuf. 

Hiji. 177. cum fig. bona. 



While non fcripta (nutans Sm. FL Brit. 1. 366 J cermta 
and campamdata continue attached to this Genus, and we think 
they certainly Ihould be, no one can be at a lofs where to ar- 
range the prefent plant. Scilla, Hyacinthus, and Mus- 
cari are feftions violently artificial and too arbitrary, yet 
fafer to be retained than united, from their long {landing 
and from the fpecies being fo univerfally known by their 
prefent generic denominations ; perhaps the eafieft characters 

to 



to diftinguifli the three by would be : for the firft, " corolla 
" jex-fartita ;" for the fecond, n corolla fex-fida /' for 
the third, u corolla fex-crenat a:" as for Ornithogalum 
fcarce any character remains to diftinguifh it from the firit of 
the three ; except that the flowers of the fpecies are not blue. 
Scilla ferotina is a native of Spain, Portugal, and Barbary; 
and though now a very rare plant in our gardens, has been 
known in them ever fince the time of Gerard. Flowers in 
June ; requires the fhelter of a frame. Our drawing was taken 
at Mr. Woodford's garden. 

Leaves nearly the length of the fcape, attenuately linear, 
channel-folded, nerved-ftreaked inwards ; fcape bending ; ra- 
ceme many-flowered ; pedicles recurved fhorter than the 
corolla; bracles folitary, membranous, rather longer than pe- 
dicles ; corolla cernuous, cylindric-campanulate, fexpartite for 
more than three-fourths of the length ; fegments linear-oblong, 
equal ; outer ones acute, patent ; inner more obtufe, partly 
coherent ; germen length of the flyles, which are three, and 
fo clofely fafcicled that they appear like one ; ftigmas obfolete; 
ftamens finely membranous, linear fubulate, of one piece up 
to the bafe of the fiffures of the corolla, than which they are 
about one-fourth fhorter, rather higher than the ftyle. G. 



[ 860 ] 

Crocus Vernus (/3 neapolitanus). Large 
Purple Spring Crocus. 

# j» » »»#♦♦♦♦ % ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » 

C/a/f #«i Onter. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Fid. N um - 652. 

Obs. ®>uandQ de bulbo-tuberibus diclum fit, de ijiis defoliatis maturis 
atque quiefcentibus inteUigendum eft. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CROCUS vernus bulbo-tubere globofo, tunicis pullis reti- 
culata -fib rofis involuto j ore tubi glandulis fili- 
formibus irretitim occlufo ; ftigmatibus antheras 
exfuperantibus. G. 

CROCUS vernus. Engl. Bot. t. 344. Hall. Helv. 1257. Jacq. 
Aujlr. App. t. 36. Smith Flor. Brit. 1. 40. Willi* 
Sp. PL 1. 

CROCUS fativus |3. Linn. Sp. PL 50. 

CROCUS officinalis $. HudJ. 13. 

p. neapolitawiSy flore magno purpureo. G. 

CROCUS vernus latifolius purpureus flore majore. Cluf. 
Hift. 204. 

CROCUS vernus purpureus maximus. Park. Parad. 164. t. 

. * 6 3- /• 7- - 

CROCUS vernus latifolius flore purpureo. Ger. Emac. 150. 

/. 12. 

We are told by Clusius, that this large variety of the 
Spring Crocus was fent him from Naples, whence probably 
it was introduced into our northern gardens ; we have feen fub- 
varieties of a white and of a bright light-blue colour. Blooms 
in our gardens the lateft of its fpring congeners. The hair-fhaped 
glands that cover the mouth of the tube in this fpecies, afford 
an eafy didin&ion from mcefiacus, biflorus> and fitfianus, which 
are all without them. 

The yellow Crocus, publifhed under the name of Crocus 
vernus in the early part of this work, is not a variety- of tins, 
but our Crocus mafiacus, fee N° 652; and N° 45> in " lhc 
Enumeration of the Plants figured in the firft Twenty Volumes 
of the Botanical Magazine," juft publifhed with the Index. (/. 



N%6e 




\s6f 




'1"U Ful hyT.CurtC?# 



C 861 ] 

Justicia Adhatoda. Malabar Nut. 

» 4u j i i j c $ i f t » fr» ft ♦ ♦ ♦ 4 * ♦ # f # 

C/<3/} <7»^ Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Cal. fimplex. Cap/, ungue elaftico 
diffiliens. Dijfepimentum contrarium adnatum. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

JUSTICIA Adhatoda; arborea, corollis ringentibus, foliis 

ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, braQeis ovato-ellip- 

ticis foliaceis, antheris parallelis. Hort. Kew. v. 1, 

p. 28. 
JUSTICIA Adhatoda. Sp. PL 20. Reichard. 1. 40. Willi, t. 

p. 96. Flor. ley I. 16. Hort. Up/. 7. Mart. Mill. 

Did. n. 57. Vahl. Symb. 2. p. 16. Enum. 
ADHATODA. bourne/. Inft. 125. /. 79. 
ADHATODA Zeylonen/ium. Herm. Jjigd. 642. l.6±%. Pluk. 

Aim. 9. t, 173./. 3. 
ECBOLIUM. Riv. Mont. t. 88. (non 129, «/ apud plurimos 

auftores.) 



The fpecimen from which our drawing was taken was fent 
us by Dr. Prattinton, of Bewdley, in Worcefterfhire, 
from the confervatory of Samuel Skey, Efq. of Spring- 
Grove, in March laft. We are informed in the Hortus Kew- 
enfis, that it was cultivated by the Duchefs of Marlborough, 
in 1699, an d * s ^y no means uncommon in our curious col- 
lections ; but is rather fhy of flowering. Mr. Skey's tree, 
which is from twelve to fourteen feet in height, has been in 
his pofTefhon upwards of fifteen years, and has occafionally 
produced bloffoms before, but never in fuch profufion as this 
year. 

Profeflor 



Profeffor Willdekow has followed Vahl's divifion of 
this large genus, according to which this fpecies comes in the 
fixth feclion, containing fuch as have a fimple calyx, a ringent 
corolla, and one anther ; but it ought to have been noticed, 
that under the monanther<e y Vahl included all fuch as have 
their anthers parallel initead of being placed one above the 
other. It is in this way only that this plant, which has two 
diftin& anthers, belongs to the above feftion. 

It is a native of the Ifland of Ceylon in the Eaft-Indies, and 
mull be considered as rather a tender greenhoufe plant ; may 
be propagated by cuttings. 




*r<lEJ**ri,-J,l f\ 



(■■'■ iU Aug. l.isos. IJm*&* 



[ 862 ] 

Embothrium Sericeum. Silky 
Embothrium. 

tk ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦#♦♦♦ fr j | t % fr 

C/j/> d«J Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. 

Cat o. Cor. 4-petala. St am. limbo petalorum inferta. i^/- 
liculus polyfpermus. Sem. alata. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

EMBOTHRIUM fericeum ,- foliis ternatis integerrimis revo- 
lutis fubtus fericeis, fpica [racemo potius] 
recurva, fru£tu tuberculato. Smith New- 
Holt. i. p. 25. /. 9. 

EMBOTHRIUM fericeum. mild. Sp. PL 1. 539. Bot. Rep. 
t. 100. Ejufdem Rec. 33. 

EMBOTHRIUM cytifoides : caule fruticofo, foliis ternatis 
feffilibus ovato-oblongis, apice cufpidato, 
limbo revoluto. Cav. Ic. 4. p. 60. n. 426, 
t. 386. 



A native of New-Holland, in the neighbourhood of Port- 
Jackfon, and at prefent one of the mod common of the ihrubs 
from that country. Its flowing flexile branches give it a pic- 
turefque appearance and it flowers readily, producing a fuc- 
ceflion of bloffoms during the greater part of the fummer. 
Dr. Smith makes three varieties, ours appears to be his minor, 
and the fame that he has figured in the New-Holland Botany, 
but with us the margins of the leaves are much lefs rolled 
back, and the leaves on the younger branches do not conftantly 
grow by threes, but this latter circumftance feems to be owing 
to their not coming out at the fame time, one leaf arriving 
nearly at its full fize, while the fecond is juft making its ap- 
pearance, , 



pearance, and the third is perhaps as yet only in embryo ; but 
on the older branches the leaves are regularly ternate. 

The bunch of flowers is curioufly recurved, a circumftance 
properly included in Dr. Smith's fpecific chara&er, but which 
Willdenow has omitted. 

The petals are fo firmly connected at the lower part into a 
tube, which burfts on one fide to permit the egrefs of the long 
ftyle, that it may well be doubted whether the corolla confifts 
of one or of four petals. The mouth of the tube is filled with 
a tuft of fine down, growing from each petal. Requires the 
fhelter of a greenhoufe to protect it from froft. Is propa- 
gated both by cuttings and feeds. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Mr* 
Loddiges, of Hackney. 






N*$6s 




SyAEd^u. Ful'.fry T. Curtis, J* Geo: Crefcent AlUflMOS FS~&m •«* 



C 86 3 ] 

Platylobium Microphyllum, Small- 
Leaved Flat-Pea. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 469. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PLATYLOBIUM microphyllum ; foliis alternis obcordatis 
flore minoribus. 



The fine fpecimen of this beautiful little fhrub, from which 
our drawing was made, was communicated by the Marquis of 
Blandford, from his Lordfhip's collection, at White Knights, 
in Berkfhire. We have feen the fame plant alfo at Mr. Hib- 
bert's, of Clapham-Common, where it is known by the very 
appropriate name that we have adopted. 

Not having feen a ripe feed-pod* of this plant, we are uncer- 
tain if it in every refpeft correfpond with the character of Pla- 
tylobium, as given by Dr. Smith, but from the form of the 
calyx, the two upper fegments of which are large and obtufe, 
and the comprefled germen with a thick back, containing fe- 
veral ovula, we have little doubt but that it belongs to this 
genus. The ftamens are in general all connected at the tower 
part and diftintt above, but we have fometimes found one 
filament entirely diftinft. The vexillum is not divided into 
two lobes, as in fome of the fpecies of this genus, but is only 
flightly emarginate, and is nearly equalled in length by the alae 
and carina; thefe laft are of a black purple colour. The 
branches are terminated with a fmall oblique fpine ; leaves 
truly heart-fhaped, with the broad en.d upwards, marked with 
veins raifed on both fides and fupported on very minute foot- 
ftalks, to which they are connected by a joint; at the bafe of 
the petiole are two fmall erect conical fiipulae. The flowers 
are fupported on fhort peduncles growing from the axils of the 
leaves ; folitary, but rather crowded at the extremities of the 
branches. 

* An unripe pod, kindly fent us by Mr. Hibbert, docs not fhewr any alx, 
but is confiderably thickened at the upper future. 

There 



There are probably fome other fpecies nearly related to this, 
or perhaps mere varieties, as we have feen young plants, at 
Meflrs. Colville's, in the Kin&'§-Road, very fimilar in habit 
but with differently fhaped leaves. Flowers in May. 

Is, we fear, to be propagated by feeds only, and mull have 
the fhelter of a green-houfe. 




I 



\JEJ wn lJd. ^ fuhhy T.Curtu J*&e0:Crefcent An.) i ISt 



C 86 4 ] 

Bignonia Capreolata. Four-Leaved 
Trumpet-Flower, 

# ft ft ft ft ft 1 )1 ft ft f ft ft ft ft ft ft if? ft 

C/«/> #»</ Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, cyathiformis. Cer. fauce campanulata, 5-fida, 
fubtus ventricofa. Siliqua 2-locularis. Sem. membranaceo- 
alata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

J3IGNONIA capreolata; foliis conjugatis cirrhofis : foliolis 

cordato-lanceolatis, foliis imis fimplicibus. Hort. 

Cliff. 317- Sp. PL S 7 o. mild.^2 97 . Reich. 

3. 157. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 347. 
3IGNONIA capreolata; petiolis brevibus, cirrhofis, bifo- 

liatis : foliolis glabris, oblongo-ovalibus, bad 

fubcordatis : pedunculis axillaribus aggregatis ; 

capfula lineari plana. Michaux Flor. Am. Bor. 2. 

^.25. Mart. Mill. Die!, n. 8. quoad char after em 

etfynonymafed n. 9. quoad defcriptionem. 
BIGNONIA americana capreolis donata, filiqua breviore. 

Tourn. Inji. 164. Breyn. Icon. 33. /. 25. Duham. 

Arb. 1. p. 104. t. 40. Catejb. Car. 2. /. 82. 
CLEMATIS americana filiquofa tetraphyllos. Dod. Mem. 71. 

Rob. Icon. 108. Bocc. Sice. 31. Raii Hijl. 1329. 
jPSEUDO-APOCYNUM americanum capreolatum. Morif, 

Hijl. 3. p. 6 12. 



Willdenow enumerates fifty-four fpecies of Bignonia, 
and feveral others are contained in the Flora Peruviana ; fome 
of thefe grow into large and lofty trees, but this, with many- 
more, is a climber; it feems however better adapted to raife 
itfelf among the branches of underwood than to afcend the 

trunks 



trunks of lofty trees, for it does not put forth at its joints roots 
capable of insinuating themfelves into the bark, as Bignonia 
radicans does, but fupports itfelf by its footftalks and tendrils, 
which clafp round whatever plant or twig may happen to be 
near. The flowers are produced on the axils of the petiole, 
either fingly or feveral together, but always on feparate 
peduncles. 

In Miller's dictionary, by fome accidental change of the 
figure, the defcription of Bignonia pubefcens is applied to 
this fpecies, and Profeflbr Martyn, without obferving the 
blunder, has attached his additions intended for capreolata to 
the fame article ; by which means this plant is ftated to come 
from Campeachy, and to require the treatment of the bark 
ftove ; whereas it is a native of North-America, from Virginia 
to Florida, and hardy enough to bear our milder winters in 
the open air. Flowers in June. 

Is propagated in the fame manner and requires the like 
treatment as Bignonia radicans, No. 485; but, being tenderer, 
a little more care to prote£l it from fevere froft is neceffary, or 
it may be more fafely confidered as a hardy green-houfe fhrub. 

Our drawing was taken feveral years ago at the Phyfic- 
Garden, at Chelfea. 



C % ] 

Bignonia Pandora. Norfolk-Island 

Trumpet-Flower. 

ifrft $ $ $ $ ft f flr$ frfr a j t $•$■ $ $•$ 

C/^/jt and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. N um - 864. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

BIGNONIA Pandora ; caule fruticofo, ramis volubilibus 
nodofis, foliisimpari-pinnatis 2 — 4-jugis: foliolis 
oblongo-ovalibus fubintegerrimis, racemis axil- 
laribus. 

BIGNONIA Pandora. Gawler in Recenf. Repof. Bot. 97. 

BIGNONIA pandorana. Bot. Repof. 86. 

BIGNONIA pandorea. Hort. MalmaiJon y 43. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby : Branches twining, knotty. Leaves 
oppofite odd pinnate : leaflets oblong-ovate, rather acuminate 
fmooth, fhining and for the mod part perfectly entire, now 
and then obfoletely toothed; odd one largelt ; footftalk chan- 
nelled above, jointed near its infertion. Racemes axillary to 
the leaves even when terminal, branched : flowers nodding, 
four to eight. Calyx many times (hotter than tube of corolla, ob- 
foletely five-toothed, fmooth, inferior. Corolla tubular ; tube 
very gradually widening upwards : faux hairy within on the 
under fide : limb five-cleft, fegments nearly equal, fub- 
bilabiately arranged, obtufe and undulate. Stamens four, didyna- 
nious: filaments inlerted into the tube, curved: anthers of two 
divaricate lobes with a dark purple cartilaginous margin : pollen 
white. Ovary egg fhaped : ftyle erecl, longer than ftamens, 
but (horter than corolla : ftigma fpathula-fhaped, fringed. The 
rudiments of a fifth filament are feen in the middle of the tube 
as in moft of the fpecies of Bignonia. 

Although naturally climbing, by the twifting of its flalks 
round whatever fupport comes in its way, is capable like the 

Honeyfucklc 






Honey fuckle of forming a bufhy fhrub that can fapport itfelf. 
Bloflbms freely and its foliage is lively and agreeable, but the 
flowers are apt foon to drop off, and with us it never produces 
fruit. It may however be eafily propagated by cuttings. 

Requites the protection of a greenhuufe. 

Is a native of Norfolk-! (land, in the Sourh-Seas, whence 
the feeds were brought to this country hv Governor Patter- 
son, from whofe information it appears that a veiy deftruftive 
blight generally makes its firlt appearance upon the voung (hoots 
of this fhrub, and fpreads from thence over the whole vegetation 
of the tfland ; from this relation the name we have adopted 
derives its origin. 

Our drawing was taken from a fine plant received from 
Mr. Loddic£s in April. 



[ 866 ] 

Anemone Thalictroides. Meadow-Rue- 
Leaved Anemone. 

» »♦♦ ♦ »* ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦ *♦»» 

Chifs and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic CharaEler.—Vid. N um - 841. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ANEMONE thaliclroides ; floribus umbellatis, foliis caulinis 
fimplicibus verticillatis, radicalibus, bitcrnatis. 
Sp. PL 763. mild. v. 2. p. 1284. Mart. Mill. 
DicJ. n. 28. Hort. Kew. v. 2. p. 257. 

ANEMONE tbaliflroides. Jujf. in Annates des Muf. v. 3. 
p. 249. /. 23. /. 2. 

RANUNCULUS nemorofus, aquilegiae foliis, virginianus af- 
pbodeli radice. Pluk. Aim. 310. /. 106. f. 4. 

THALICTRUM anemonoides ; pufillum : foliis radicalibus 
biternatis : involucro petiolato fubhexaphyllo 
et pedicellis aggregatis fcapos aphylios termi- 
nantibus. Micbaux Flor. Bar. Am. v. 1. p. 322. 



Desc. Leaves radical, ereft, twice ternate : leaflets petioled, 
cordate, fubtrilobed. Scape taller than the footftalk of the 
leaf. Involucre generally of one, two, or three feflile leaves, 
and five or fix on long footftalks ihaped like the radical leaf- 
lets but fomewhat larger. Peduncles 1 — 5, collected in an 
umbel, longer than the petioles of the involucre. Flowers 
white, erect : Petals 4 — 8, elliptic, obtufe, foon falling off. 
Stamens many, remaining after the fall of the petals, filaments 
fhorter than corolla, inferted into the receptacle ; anthers 
yellow, two-lobed. Ovaries feveral, oblong, ftriated : ftigma 
feffile, hifpid. Seeds naked, ftriate. 

A dubious fpecies, but certainly agreeing in more points 
with Anemone, than with Thali&rum. 

A native of North-America from Canada to Virginia, and 
fufficiently hardy with refpeci to cold. Propagated by offsets 
from the roots or by feed. Bloffoms in April. Cultivated by 
Miller in 1768. Sent us by Mr. Loddiges of Hackney. 



N'\S(>6 




h:h!-v Tn,n,, 



I'avy 




J»«rMJJ. ^uhbvT Curbs 



[ 85; ] 

Myrtus Disticha. Globe-Berried 
Myrtle. 

C/ij/} j»^/ Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus fuperus. Petala 5. ifarta 2 feu 3-locularis 
polyfperma. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

MYRTUS dijlichaj pedunculis axillaribus multifloris foliis 
brevioribus, foliis diftichis deflexis ovato-lanceo- 
latis, ramis patentibus. Swartz Prod. 78. Flor. 
Ind. Occid. 2. p. 894. 



Desc. A low fhrub with a depreffed ftem. Petioles very 
ftiort. Leaves oppofite, thick-fet, hanging down, oblong- 
oval, acuminate, mining, veined and dotted underneath with 
lucid points : younger ones reddifh. Peduncles axillary, 3 — 5- 
flowered, many times fhorter than the leaf. Calyx fuperior, 
four-leaved, leaflets roundifh, concave, perfiftent. Corolla 
four-petaled : petals fmall, concave, orbicular, deciduous. 
Flowers fometimes do not expand, yet the fruit is neverthe- 
lefs perfected. Stamens many, longer than corolla, and fome- 
times confiderably longer than in our figure. Berry fpherical, 
purple, juicy, for the fize of the flower very large ; both in 
the ripe and unripe ftate appearing to us one-celled. Seeds 
three in the ripe fruit, but rudiments of more in the germen, 
covered with a thick Ikin, and filled with a greenifh, fubcarti- 
laginous fubftance, in which we could not difcoverany embryo. 
Receptacle of the feed central, fixed above, and looie below. 

The 



The flowers of this Myrtle have very little beauty, but the 
fine large globular berries, which exift at the fame time, make 
ample amends. A native of the mountains in the north part 
of Jamaica, and appears to be far from tender, for although it 
was removed from the ftove and flood in a north window, in 
the month of May, when the weather was cold for the feafon, 
it did not feem at all injured, but continued to produce both 
flowers and fruit ; the former indeed never perfectly expanded. 
May be propagated by cuttings. 

Our drawing was made from a plant received from Mr. 
Loddiges. 



Ittti 




i E&mlU Ink bvI.CurUs S. t £ft':(\/(YntSep.i.. 



[ 868 ] 

, Androsace Lactea. Grass-Leaved 
Androsace, 

Clafs and Order,. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaraffer. 

Involucrum umbellulae. Corolla tubus ovatus ; ore glandu- 
lofo. Caff, l-locularis globofa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ANDROSACE laclea : foliis linearibus glabris, pedunculis 

paucis longitudine fcapi, laciniis corollac 

obcordatis. 
ANDROSACE la flea. Jacquin Flor. Aujlr. tab. 333. Scopoli 

Flor. Carn. n. 203, PVilld. Spec. PI. 1. p. jgg. 

rejeftis fynonymis Gmelini et Rail Syllog. 

291. obfervatione que de foliorum fcabritia. 

Mart. Mill. Di5i. reje&o fynonymo Allioni. 
ANDROSACE pauciflora. Villars Flore Dauph. v. 2. p. 477. 

/. 15. rejefto fynonymo Hall. Opufcul. 240. 
ARETIA foliis linearibus glabris, fcapo paucifloro. Half. 

Enum. 486-6. fed in HiJI. Stirp. binas fpecies 

cum Linnaeo commifcuit. 
ANDROSACE alpina perennis anguftifolia glabra flore fin- 

gulari. Tourn. Inji. 123. 
SEDUM alpinum gramineo folio la&eo flore. Cluf. Pan. 490. 

Hift' Ixi. Rail HiJI. 1042 Syllog. 235. non 

autem 291. Baub. Pin. 284. 
SEDUM alpinum alterum. Column, Ecph. II. 64, Icon. Morif. 

Hi/l. feci. 12. t. 6./. 5. 
PHYLLO Dalechampii aliquatenus fimilis. J. Baub. Hifi. HI, 

p. 775. cum fig. bona. 



M. Villars has obferved that Linn^us confounded two 
different fpecies under his Androsace laftea t our prefent 

plant, 






plant, and the ottnjifolia of AtLioNi, for which latter he has 
retained the name of laftea> and given that of paudfiora to 
this; but as the greater number of Lin nous's fynonyms and 
the figure of Jacquin in the Flora Auftriaca belong to this, 
we have thought it leaft liable to create confufion to retain 
the name of laftea ,• and the more efpecially as the other 
fpecies has been taken up by Willdenow, under the name 
of obtuJifoUa. In order as much as poflible to clear up the 
confufion, we have been particularly careful in our fynonyms 
to infert none but fuch as we have examined and are fatisfied 
do really belong to our plant. That of Columna, copied by 
Morison, has been ufually referred to Androface carnea. 

The leaves are perfe£lly fmooth, even at the edges ; the 
peduncles equal the fcape in length, and in our cultivated plant 
are ufually four ; the number of the leaflets of the involucre 
is the fame with that of -the peduncles ; the flowers are milk 
white with a yellow eye in the centre and petals heart-fhaped, 
" cordis ut vulgo pingitur formam referentes," as Clu si us 
expreffes it. 

A native of the Alps of Switzerland, Auftria, Carniola, and 
Dauphiny, and therefore fufficiently hardy to bear our winters. 

Our drawing was made from a plant received from Mr. 
Loddices of Hackney. 



C 869 3 

Allium Triquetrum. Three-Edged 
Garlick. 

fi j ^a j iM *♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦» 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 774. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

ALLIUM triquetrum fcapo nudo, foliifque triquetris : corolla 
campanulata, ftaminibus fimplicibus. G. 

ALLIUM triquetrum. Gouan Illujir. 24. Hort. Kew. 1. 427. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 80. Desf. Flor. Atl. 1. 287. 

ALLIUM caule triangulo. Tournef. Injl. 385. Roy. Lugdb. 

ALLIUM pratenfe, folio gramineo, fibre prorfus albo, radice 
oblonga. Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 259./. 16. 

MOLY parvum, caule triangulo. Bauh. Pin. 75. 

MOLY caule et foliis triangularibus. Park. Par. 142. 1. 143. 
/.* 



A native of Spain, France, and (according to Des Fon- 
taines) of the Algerine territory, where it grows at the 
edges of fields. 

Cultivated here by Mr. Philip Miller, in 1786. 

Flowers in May and June, G. 




MWJ(j 



[ 8 7 o ] 

Iris Aphylla (y). Orange-Flower- 
Scented Flag. 

•jNHhHN M* 4 % ♦, f $ jMHHfr 

C/^/} j»i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid, N um - 787. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

IRIS aphylla (barbata) fcapo fubfimplici ; fafciculis fubfcf- 
filibus ; fpatha tubum excedente ; tubo germ en vix 
aequante; laciniis exti:nis fuperne lateraliter convolutis ; 
intimis arcuatim inflexis, incumbenter conniventibus, 
undatis ; labio extimo ftigmatis retufo-emarginato. G. 
IRIS aphylla. Thunb. Diff. 4. Linn. Sp. PL 5 6. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 22 7. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 7. 
IRIS nudicaulis. Lam. Encyc. 3. p. 296. Ann. of Bot. 1. 244. 
IRIS Swertii. Lam. Encyc. v. 3. p. 296. Ann. of Bot. 1. 244. 
IRIS plicata. ham. Encyc. v. 3. p. 296. Ann. of Bot. 1. 244. 
IRIS latifolia minor alba ; oris dilute purpureis. Tournef 358. 
IRIS latifolia minor alba; oris caeruleis. Tournef. ibid. 
IRIS latifolia caule aphyllo. Tournef 359. Bauh. Pin. 33. 
IRIS major latifolia. xxv. xxvi. xxvii. Cluf Llijl.v. 1. p. 223. 
IRIS alba oris caeruleis. Swert. Floril. t. 41. f 1. 
IRIS flore violaceo folio virente; caule foliis nudo. J. Bauh, 

Hijl. 2. 723. 
IRIS portugalica. Hort. F,yfl. Fern. S.fol.G.f 2. 
IRIS latifolia Candida purpureis venis diftincta. C. Bauh. 32. 
(a) (aphylla ; nudicaulis Lam.) fcapo foliis breviore ; caulinorum 
foliorum fitu adeo dcprcffo ut ifta diceretis radicalia ; corolla 
violaceo-purpurea. G. 
(|3) (Swertii. Lam.) fcapo foliis akiore ; fpathis ficariofis ; foliis 
caulinis elevatius pofitis ; corolla pallente, undato-corru- 
gata. G. 
(y) (plicata. Lam.) tota planta altiore ; floribus magis odoratis, 
atque precedente magis coloratis. G. 

Lamarck has divided this fpecies into three, in which di- 
vifion he has been followed in the " Annals of Botany ;" 

but 



but upon a review of the plants while growing, we are per- 
fuaded that they are mere varieties, and have confequently 
reduced them under one head in this place. 

Our plant is fo very clofely related to pallida (No. 685 of 
this work) that we are at a lofs to find any other diftin&ions 
than thofe of fize, fcent, and glaucoufnefs of the leaves ; to 
which may be added, the further feparation of the ungues of 
the corolla, and the greater corrugation of the edges of the 
laminae ; but in pallida the former of thefe touch each other, 
and the laminae have fcarcely any appearance of undulation. 

The habitat is not precifely known ; from the fynonym of 
" .Hortus Eyftettenfis" we mould fuppofe it to be Portugal. 

A rare plant, not mentioned in the Hortus Kewenfis, and 
which we have only feen in the collection of Mr. Loddiges, 
at Hackney, and in that of Mr. Salisbury, at the Botanic 
Garden, Brompton. The flowers fmell like thofe of the 
Orange-Tree. 



CORRIGENDUM. 

No. 787, for " Ikis fqualens " read ** Iri sfambua'na, var. fqualens :" f° r 
although this is the real Iris fqualens of the Hort. Kewenfis, yet it cannot be 
permitted to retain the rank of a fpecies, being a mere variety of oar Ir** 
fambucina, figured at No. 187 of this work, than which it has lighter coloured 
flowers, is altogether a lower plant, and bloffoms nearly fix weeks later, G, 




L'i'h bv T.Cttrtts, Sep i MCS 



C 871 ] 

Albuca Exuviata. Pale-Flowered 
Albuca. 

C/tf/} #;/</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, tribus intimis laciniis ere&o-confle&entibus, 
rarius omnibus ftellato-patentiflimis. Stylus triqueter, incraf- 
fatus. Stigma hirtum. Sent, alato-plana. G. 

. 

O B S . Differt ^ORNITHOGALO bulbo folidiore, Integument is rigidioribus 
vejlito ; foliis generation angujiioribus atque canaliculatis ; racemo rariore ; 
floribus fapius nutantibus ; corolla laciniis magis obtujatis atque ad apicem 
injignius inflexis ; Jlylo triquetro, crajfiore, deorfum attenuato ; Jligmate hirto 
magifque confpicuo ; feminibus alato-planis, nee globofis vel angulato-preffis. 
Genera conjungit forfan exuviata nojlra. Antherarum Jierilitas, ut et la- 
ciniarum inflexio hie omnino nihil conferunt ad Jinceri generis circumfcrip- 
tionem. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ALBUCA exuviata vaginis radicalibus alte exterraneis, fca- 
riofis, ex jugis tranfverfis undato-corrugatis ; foliis 
pulpofo-carnofis, angufto attenuatis, canaliculato- 
femiteretibus ; corolla tota patentiffima ; ftylo fub- 
clavato -filiformi quam genuine atque patentibus 
ftaminibus longiore. G. 

ANTHERICUM exuviatum. Jacq. Tc. Rar. 2. /. 415. Coll. 
Suppl. 89. tab. 4. /. 2. mild. Sp. PL 2. 136. 



The prefent very rare plant is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, from whence it was imported, by Mr. Woodford, at 
whofe garden, near Vauxhall, our drawing was made. It is 
probably one of the connecting links of Ornithogai.um 
and Albuca ; but feems to us to poflefs fo much more of 

the 



the natural ehara&er of the latter, that it can hardly admit of 
a doubt with which to enrol it ; at all events it cannot be 
fuffered to remain among the Anthericums. 

Bulb growing above ground ? covered with fcariofe fliffifh 
integuments, fome of which are elongated into high roots ; 
(heaths tranverfely waved or ridged ; leaves few, flefhy, con- 
vex-channelled, narrow-attenuate ; fcape fhorter than thefe ; 
raceme patent, ovate-oblong ; pedicles about the length of the 
corolla ; braftes fphacelate ; corolla entirely patent, fegments 
oval-oblong ; ftamens patent, fubulate ; ftyle fubclavately 
filiform, obtufely triquetral, longer than both germen and 
ftamens ; ftigma fubcapitate, hairy; feeds, according to Jac- 
quin, black, feveral, membranoufly winged, flat, oblong, 
polifhed. 

Jacquin applied the fpecific name of exuviata from fome 
refemblance in the membranous tunics of the bulb to the 
doughs annually caft by fnakes. G. 



FSJZ 




SylZi-HiU. ' Tubby I.Curtis J?G& 



C 872 ] 

Lilium Pensylvanicum. Pensylvanian 

Lily. 

^NhM ; fr # ,$ $ ft ♦ ♦ i fe - ft ilr ft ftfr fr 

C/#/} #»</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbarafter. — Fid. N um - 800. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

LILIUM penfylvanicum caule fubunifloro, decurrenter fub- 
alato-pentagono ; pedunculo lanato ; foliis fparfis 
rariufculis, lanceolato-loratis, fupremis 4 — 5 verti- 
cillatis floremque fubzequantibus ; corolla erefta, 
turbinato-patente, extus floccofo-lanata ; laciniis 

intimis ovali-lanceolatis. G. Catrjb. Carol. 3. 

p. 8. tab. 8. 



The only mention of this fpecies, that we have been able to 
find, is in the above-quoted work of Catesby, where we are 
told that it is a native of Penfylvania, was cultivated here in 
the garden of Mr. Peter Collin son, at Peckham, and 
flowered in 1745. A fpecimen from the above collection is 
depofited in the Bankfian Herbarium. The affinity with 
Lilium bulbiferum is fo great that we can hardly bring our- 
felves to confider it as fpecifically diftincl: ; the moft availing 
differences we have been able to felecl are the following : in 
our plant the Hem is generally one-flowered and ridged with 
only five decurfent fubulate angles, in bulbiferum this is gene- 
rally many-flowered and clofely befet with numerous angle- 
like 



like ridges ; in penfylvanknm the four 1 or five Upper leaves are 
whorled and nearly equal to the corolla in length, but not fo 
in bulbiferum ; all the leaves of the former are alfo far more 
diftant, and the peduncle and outfide of the corolla more 
woolly ; befides it is altogether a far fmaller, tenderer, and 
more lax plant with a corolla more turbinately narrowed. 
The bulb about twice as big as a filbert, and fends out nu- 
merous creeping fhoots, by which it propagates moft rapidly; 
a fingle root in three or four years in a light rich foil and 
warm fituation foon forms a very large tuft. Although we 
have feen above thirty otherwife fine fpecimens, we have never 
yet met with a growing one that had a piftil, which will ac- 
count for the abfence of that organ in our drawing ; however 
that which flowered at Peckham was complete. Blooms in 
June, but not freely except in the foil and fituation above 
directed. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of MefTrs. Whitley 
and Brame, Old-Brompton, who imported the bulbs from 
America. 

Catesby's figure of the plant is a very good one ; he fays 
the Mem generally reaches fixteen inches j in our plant this 
was nearly two feet high. G. 



m% 




Jfyd EJ»*nL JJ fui by Tfurft.r. J ■ 



C 873 3 

Hemerocallis Graminea. Narrow- 
Leaved Day-Lily. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character* — Fid. N um - 19. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HEMEROCALLIS graminea foliis triquetro canaliculars, 
gramineo-anguftatis ; brafteis fcariofis 
brevibus ; corolla fubringenter cam- 
panulata, fubtus inflatiufcula ; laciniis 
intimis elliptico-obovatis margine furfum 
undulato-crifpa ; piltillo corolla bre- 
viore. G, 

HEMEROCALLIS graminea, Bot. Rep. t. 244. 

HEMEROCALLIS flaw. |3. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 179. Mart. 
Mill. DiB. Syfl. Vegtab. Murr. 339. 

HEMEROCALLIS minor. Mill. Dicl. 2. 

HEMEROCALLIS radice tuberofa ; corollis monopetalis 
luteis. Gtnel. Sib. 1. 37. 

LILIO-ASPHODELUS luteus minor. Tournef. Infl. 334, 
Mori/. Hifl. 2. 412. Park. Parad. 148. 



We have figured this fpecies under two rather different 
appearances ; the more entire one from a fpecimen actually 
raifed from Siberian feeds, as its pofTelfor Mr, Loddiges 
informed us ; the fingle flower belonged to one that had long 
been cultivated in this country, probably a fcion, of the indu 
viduals imported in the days of Parkinson. 

We have no doubt of this being a diftinct fpecies from 
Hemerocallis /^tf, No. 19, from which it differs in 

having 



having a mere fcariofe and fhorter fpathe : a corolla more 
truly campanulately ringent and ventricofe j befides a piftil 
that exceeds but little the anthers, and is fhorter than the 
corolla ; the ftyle is alfo thicker, tapers lei's, and the fligma 
more evidently trifid than in fiava. Varies- in the number of 
flowers. Blooms nearly at the fame time zs flava- 

The flowers are but {lightly fragrant. Quite hardy and of 
eafy culture. G. 



9* 




C 8 74 ] 

Gladiolus Byzantinus. Turkish Corn- 
Flag. 

♦* ♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦# ♦# ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N os - 538 & 562. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS byzantinus fpica multrflora, parum flexuofa j 
corollis adfcendenter nutantibus, gemino atque 
divergenter-difticho ordine difpofitis ; lacinia 
fuprema Iateralibus conclufa; Iateralibus infe- 
rioribus caeteris duplo minoribus; filamentis 
antheris brevioribus. G. 

GLADIOLUS byzantinus. Greater Corn-Flag of Byzantium. 
Mill. Dicl. 3. ed. 8. 

GLADIOLUS communis (<?.) Conftantinopolitan Corn-Flag. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

GLADIOLUS major byzantinus. Bauh. Pin. 41. 

GLADIOLUS byzantinus atro-purpureus. Swert. Floril. tab. 
42./ 1. 

GLADIOLUS byzantinus. Corne Flagge of Conftantinople. 
Park. Parad. 189. tab. 191. fig. 3. 



This and Gladiolus Jegetum (fupra 719) haveufually been 
accounted varieties of Gladiolus communis (fupra 86) but, 
as appears to us, more from remiflhefs m the obfervers, than 
from want of diftinctive marks ; this a comparifon of their fpe- 
cific characters will fhew, for which purpofe we have fubjoined 
a reformed one of communis. 

The prefent fpecies has by far the largeft and moft orna- 
mental corollas of the three ; is a fomewhat earlier blower than 
communis, fomewhat fliorter, but more robuft, and never feeds 

in 



in our gardens, which both the others do freely. Blooms in 
]une. By the above fynonyms feems to have been imported 
from the neighbourhood of Conftantinople. Is perfectly hardy 
and grows any where, except in the (hade ; but does not pro- 
pagate fo rapidly as the other two. G. 



EMEND A NDUM. 



No. 86, GLADIOLUS communis ; for the fpecific chara&er there 

given, fubflitute the following : 

GLADIOLUS communis fpica remotiufcula, valde flexuofa ; fpathis 

proclinatis, exadte fecundis \ corollis uno ordine 

nutanter porre£lis ; lacinia fuprema lateralibus con- 

clufa ; lateralibus inferioribus duplo minoribus ; fila- 

* mentis antheris longioribus. G. 

Both thefe have alate feeds, which Gi.a~dioi.xjs fegetum has not. <7, 







'■> TCurh. 



f *75 1 
Iris Halophila. Long-Leaved Flag. 

#♦$<»♦♦♦♦♦ W# #~& % $ ♦■ 

C/<z/> a//^ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char abler. — Fid. N um - 787. 

Specific Char ail er and Synonyms. 

IRIS halophila foliis ftri&iufculis fcapum excedentibus ; fafci- 
culis fubtrinis ; fpatha magna cymbiformi condupli- 
catim atque cufpidatim ultra florem produfta j laciniis 
extimis rotatim patentibus ; germine alato-hexagono 
tubo pluries longiore. G. 

IRIS halophila. Pall. It. 3. App. 63. /. 13. / 2. Hort. Kew. 
1. 72. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 233. 



We confefs that wc are unable at prefent to detect any 
other diftin&ions between this and Iris fpuria (fupra 58) than 
that this is altogether a much larger plant and pofleffes con- 
siderably more rigidity both in the leaves and ftem than that ; 
to which may be added a far greater elongation of the outer 
valve of the fpathe j yet there is a difference in their general 
*ppearance, though not eafily expreffed, that makes it difficult 
for us to confider them as mere varieties of each other ; be- 
sides that their habitats are widely diftant, this being a native 
of the fait marfhy fpots of Siberia, the other of the moift 
meadows in Germany. 

Our fpecies is among the talleft of the genus, the ftem 
being three feet or more high and the leaves fometimes four ; 
thefe yield the fame offenfive fmell, when bruifed, as thofe of 
fpuria; they are very fmooth, even, ftriated, and linear. 

None of its characters have as yet varied by culture, though 
introduced into our gardens as far back as 1780, by Dr. 
Peter Pallas. Is not very common in our collections, 
though of as eafy culture and as hardy as any of the genus. 
Approaches ventricofa, but that is fharter with a leaflefs ftem 
a «d a more inflated fpathe. G» 

/*■ . >. -^ 



x-i 




sssjt 



JylEjmati, .I,! J 1 ,,/, I, 



Gee: Cre/cent C?e£jjttt&. £J*£m ,-»f 



[ 8 7 6 ] 

Ornithogalum Latifolium. Broad- 
Leaved Star of Bethlehem. 

# fr ♦ ft %$%%%% MM # ♦ ♦ '♦# ■ 

C/#/} a«^ Order. 
HeXandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — ^/'^. iV"™- 653, atque Obs. ai 746. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM /a///b///^foliislanceolato-oblongis, con- 

cavis, ante anthefin fuperius emarcef- 
centibus ; floribus numerofiffimis, re- 
motiufculis, pedunculis patentiffimis, 
bra&eas ter-quater excedentibus ; fta- 
minibus piftillo aequalibuspetalis 2~3plo 
brevioribus. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM latifolium. Sp. PI. 440. Suppl. 202. 

Horl. Kew. 1. 441. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. 
/. 424. Coll. 2. 318. mild. Sp. PL 2. 
119. 

ORNITHOGALUM maximum. Cluf. Hift. App. cclvii. 

ORNITHOGALUM vel Lilium alexandrinum floribus albis 

innumerabilibus. Swert. Floril. 58. 

ORNITHOGALUM latifolium et maximum. Bauh. Pin. 70. 

ORNITHOGALUM maximum album. Park. Parad. 135. 

'. 137- /■ 2 - 



This very ornamental fpecies has been an inhabitant of our 
gardens ever fmce the days of Parkinson j and being a free 
blower, of eafy culture, and tolerably hardy, is now very com- 
mon ; flowers about June. Leaves from a foot to a foot and 
half high, about two inches broad ; of a bright yellowifh green 
While young ; begin to rife from the ground in January, but are 

withered 



-withered and dried up for a confiderable way at the upper part 
before the flowers expand in thefummer; fcape from two to 
near four feet high ; peduncles near two inches long ; petals 
fnow-white, ftellately patent; filaments flat, lanceolate-fubulate; 
llyle rather fhorter than the yellowifh germen, upright j ftigma 
quite fimple, feeds black, roundiih, and fometimes angular. 

Its habitat does not appear to be with precifion known ; by 
fome it is faid to be Hungary, by others Egypt and Arabia ; 
Clusius received his roots from Italy. 

The bulbs (which are white) mould be taken up every three 
or four years and parted from their progeny. The flowers 
have no fcent. G. 



t 877 ] 

Erythrina Herbacea. Herbaceous 
Coral-Tree. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Cbaracler, 

Cal. 2-labiatus. Cor. vexillum longiffimum lanceolatum. 
Leg. torulofum. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

ERYTHRINA herbacea ; foliis ternatis rhombeis glabris, 

caule herbaceo fab petiolos fpinulofo, caly- 

cibus truncatis, vexillo acuto itaminibus lon- 

giori. 
ERYTHRINA herbacea. Sp. PI. 992. Willd. v. 3. p. 912. 

Reichard. v. 3. p. 395. Hort. Kew. 3. p. 8. 

MarL Mill. Dicl. 1. 
ERYTHRINA foliis ternatis, caulibus fimpliciflimis fruticofo- 

annuis. Hort. Cliff. 354. 
CORALLODENDRON foliis ternatis, caule fimpliciffimo 

inermi. Frew. Ehret. t. 58. 
CORAL carolinenfis, haftato folio. Dill. Eltham. 107. t. 90. 

/. 106. 
CORALLODENDRON humile, fpica florum longiffima, ra- 

dice craffifTima. Catejb. Carol. 49. /. 49. 



The branches though they appear fhrubby are annual, dying 
in general down to the root-flock every winter; yet it fome- 
times happens that a branch does not perifh in this manner, 
but continuing to vegetate becomes as it were an elongation 
of the root-ftock, and thus the plant puts on fomewhat of the 
habit of Erythrina Corallodendron. 

Being a native of South-Carolina, is generally confidered as 
a greenhoufe plant; but Miller has obferved that, unlets 
nurfed in the ftove, it feldom flowers, yet in too much heat it 
is apt to fall a prey to infe&s and by the lofs of its foliage to 
be deprived of much of its beauty. 

Communicated by Mr. Loddiges of Hackney. Flowers 
from June to September. 



< 




C 878 ] 

Protea Globosa. Globe-Flowered 
Protea. 

Clafs and Order, 

TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohaerentibus.) 
Anther a infertse petalis infra apicem. Sent. i, fuperum nudum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PROTEA glob of a ; foliis obovato-oblongis concavis apice 
glandulofis, capitulo terminali feflili globofo, caule 
fruticofo. 

PROTEA globofa. Bot. Repof 307. 



Forms a Ihrub three or four feet high well clothed with 
leaves, which are fmooth when old, as are the larger ones 
which grow about the flower, but thofe on the young (hoots 
are pubefcent, a circumftance common to many of the genus; 
is eafily diftinguiflied from every other fpecies, known to us, 
by its round head of bright yellow flowers. Scales of the 
calyx oval reflexed at the point, internal ones longed and 
lance-fhaped. Petals loofely united half-way into a tube. 
Style hairy at the lower part. Stigma oblique. Pappus very 
fhort, fcarcely any. 

Belongs to the fixth divifion, containing the fpecies with 
oblong ovate leaves, and mould be placed next to glabra. U 
a hardy greenhoufe fhrub, eafily propagated by cuttings. 

Flowers in May. 

Our drawing was taken at the collection of George Hib- 
bert, Efq. on Clapham-Common. Said to be firft introduced 
by Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy. 



Esis 




•SyA JLlvjrM Jf-i 



Tub h Tlurtis S'l^r i >■'!■<■»' 



[ *79 ] 

TrifoliUxM Lupinaster. Lupine Trefoil. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Flores fubcapitati. Legumen vix calyce longius, non dehifcens, 
deciduum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
TRIFOLIUM Lupinafter ; capitulis dimidiatis, foliis quinatis 
feffilibus, leguminibus polyfpermis. Sp. PL 
1079. Willi, 3. p. 1357. Hort. Up/. 223. 
TRIFOLIUM leguminibus polyfpermis, foliis pluribus. Gmel. 

Sib. 4. p. 19. /. 6. /. 1. 
LUPINASTER. Buxb. in Nov. Comment. Petrop. 2. p. 345. 
/. 20. Amm. Ruth. n. 143, 144. 

Our drawing, being taken from a fpecimen which grew in 
a pot, reprefents the plant of a much fmaller fize than ufual ; 
for when planted in the open ground it grows to the height of 
a foot and a half, and has larger leaves, is alfo branched and 
bears a number of heads of flowers on longer peduncles. 
The flowers growing from one fide of the flattened end of the 
peduncle give the head a criftated appearance, forming what 
Linnaus calls capitulum dimidiatum ; but in a more vigorous 
growth, the extremity of the peduncle turning further round, 
the head becomes globular, and the above appearance is con- 
fined to the more early (late of the flowering. In habit this 
fpecies approaches very near to the Tri folium rumens, the 
leaflets being very fimilar, except that they appear entirely feflile, 
from the membranous flipule running the whole length of the 
peduncle and clofely embracing the (tern. It is a Angular de- 
viation from the reft of the genus that it bears for the moft 
part five, rarely fix or feven leaflets upon one footflalk, nor 
can the two lower ones, as fometimes happens in Lotus, be 
well confidered as enlarged ftipules. The feed-pods are repre- 
fented by Buxbaum as very long, but in our plant they are 
contained within the decayed remains of the flower, as defcribed 
by Amman. Raifed from Siberian feeds by Mr. Loddiges 
of Hackney, but has feveral times been in our gardens before; 
is faid in the Hortus Kewenfis to have been firft introduced by 
Mr. James Gordon in 1763, and we faw it in the late Dr. 
Pitcaikn's collection in 1789. It has a fufiform root and is 
but little difpofed to produce offsets ; hence if care is not taken 
to preferve the feed, of which very little will ufually ripen with 
us, it muft be liable to be foon loft. Is perfe&ly hardy. 



I: 




Tub by I '■■' 



[ 88o ] 

Cornus Canadensis. Canadian Cornel. 
$♦»♦♦♦»»♦»♦♦» ♦*»» 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia, 

Generic Char ad er. 

Involucrum 4-phyllum fsepius. Petala fupera 4. Drupa nuclso 
2-loculari. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

CORNUS canadenfis; herbacea, foliisfummis verticillatisfub* 

petiolans. Wilid. Pbytog. 1. p. 3. n. 13. Ejufd. 

Sp. PL 1. 661. 
CORNUS canadenfis. Sp. PI 172. Reich. 1. 332. Aman* 

Acad. 1. p. 257. L'Herit. Cornus y n. 2. t. 1. Mart. 

Mill. Did. 9. 
PYROLA alfines flore brafiliana, Bauh. Prod. 100. Pin. 191.. 



Is for the mod part readily diftinguifhed from Cornus fuecica> 
by the leaves all growing in a whirl at the top of the ftem, for the 
oppofite pair about the middle are mere ftipules ; Pallas doubts 
if they are not both varieties, and fays the fpecimens he has feen 
from Kamfchatka and Bering's Ifland, exactly correfpond 
with garden fpecimens from this country and native ones from 
Canada, but it is not very improbable that Cornus canadenfis 
may be found in thefe places as well as CoRNUs/am'w ; we 
have fpecimens of both from Labrador. The other diftinciion 
which Willdenow obferves of the leaves in one being 
nervofa in the other venofa, remarked alfo by Mr. Salisbury, 
in Smith's Flora Britannica, though not unfounded, is hardly 
fufficiently pointed for ufe, as the nerves in fuecica fometimes 
take their origin from the midrib, and the veins in canadenfis 
are fo (trongly marked on the underfide and fo little divided, 
that moft defcribers would call them nerves. 

At No. 526 of this work we have given another fpecies of 
this genus, which grows into a large tree, affording a remark- 
able contraft with this very humble herbaceous plant. Intro- 
duced by Dr. John Fothergill from America in 1774* 
Flowers in Auguft. Propagated by its creeping roots. Re- 
quires a fhady (ituation and a light foil compofcd chiefly of 
bog earth. 



Nteffl 




Jyd.Ed«uA<U lub by 7 ".Curtis. JT&*' < rtfce** ' ' t UM» 



t^»»<«»wW<*^Vrr>«<^tw*^Wr«r*<^*WBv*<^TTw*T<^ 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names 
the Plants contained in* the 

Twenty-Second Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 

871 Albuca exuviata. 

869 Allium triquetrum. 

838 Aloe Lingua, v. 13. crajjifolia. 

837 verrucofa. 

868 Androface laclea. 
866 Anemone thaliclroides. 



of f In which 
* the Plants 



843 
847 
864 
865 
835 
834 
851 
880 

845 
860 
862 
844 

833 
877 
840 
853 
8.57 
874 
873 
852 

870 

875 
846 
850 
861 
854 
858 
872 
848 
867 
842 
876 
8.56 
863 
836 
878 
849 

8,59. 
879 

855 
839 



Aftragalus montanus. 
Babiana tubiflora, mar. a. 
Bignonia capreolata. 

1 Pandorae. 

Cheiranthus armeniacus. 
Clematis florida. 
Cobaea fcandens. 
Cornus canadenfis. 
Crocus biflorus. 

vernus ((3 neapolitanus). 

Embcthrium fericeum. 
Epacris pungens. 
Eriocephalus africanus. 
Erythrina herbacea. 
Eucomis bifolia. 
Fritillaria latifolia. 

obliqua. 

Gladiolus byzantinus. 
Hemerocallis graminea. 
Hyofcyamus phyfaloides. 
Iris aphylla. 
— — halophila. 
Ixia erecla, mar. lutea. 
Kaempferia Galanga. 
Jufticia Adhatoda. 
Lachenalia orchioides (7). 
Lilium canadenfe (0). 

penfylvanicum. 

Maflbnia latifolia. 
Myrtus difiicha. 
Neottia glandulofa. 
Ornithogalum latifblium. 
Pitcairnia latifolia. 
Platylobium microphyllum. 
Pothos fcetida. 
Protea globofa. 
Sarraeenia purpurea. 
Seilla ferotina. 
Trifolium Lupinafter. 
Trillium erythrocarpum. 
Tulipa fuaveolens. 



the Englilh Names of 
contained in the 
Twenty-Second Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 



PL 



t 8 7* 

8 37 

* 868 
8 4 t 
*866 
$847 
8 5 i 
*88o 
$877 

8 74 
*8 45 

1 860 

8 73 

* 862 
Q 844 

♦*• all 
0*33 

4 040 

4> 870 

£875 
f863 
O853 

2 8 5° 

1 869 

* 852 
846 
|8 54 
*■ 858 
872 
+ 848 

<>86 7 

* 842 
861 
$8 S 6 

♦ 836 

8;:8 
£ 8 49 

8 7 6 
4* 87Q 

is 6 - 



Albuca, pale flowered. 
Aloe, thick-leaved Tongue. 

warted. 

Androface, grafs-leaved. 
Anemone, poppy. 

... meadow-rue-leaved. 

Babiana, long-tubed. 
Cobaea, climbing. 
Cornel, Canadian. 
Coral-Tree, herbaceous. 
Corn-flag, Turkifh. 
Crocus, Scotch. 

> large purple fpring. 

Day-Lily, grafs-leaved. 
Embothrium, filky. 
Epacris, rigid. 
Eriocephalus, clufter-Ieaved. 
Fucomis, two-leaved. 
Flag, orange-flower-fcented. 

long-leaved. 

Flat-Pea, fmall-leaved. 
Fritillary, broad-leaved. 

violet-flowered. 

Galangale. 

Garlic, three-edged. 
Henbane, purple-flowered. 
Ixia, yellow upright. 
Lachenalia, feflile-flowered. 
Lily, deep-coloured Canadian. 

Penfylvanian. 

Maflbnia, broad-leaved. 
Milk- Vetch, mountain. 
Myrtle, globe-berried. 
Neottia, glandulous. 
Nut, Malabar. 
Pitcairnia, broad-leaved. 
Tothos, Sinking, or Scunkweed. 
Protea, globe-flowered. 
Side-Saddle Flower, broad-lipped 
Squil, brown-flowered, [purple. 
Star of Bethlem, broad-leaved. 
Trefoil, Lupine. 
Trumpet-flower, Norfolk-Ifland. 

, four-leaved. 

Trillium, funnel-flowered. 
Tulip, early dwarf. 
Virgin's-Bower, large- flowered. 
Wallflower, Armenian. 



Printed by S. Couibman, Thrcgmorton-Street, London.